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»;l>ll<.l- or NS.MAIT M W /KAI.ANI). 








18 7 1. 


Note. — The failure of the attempt to get this book printed 
in New Zealand involved the necessity of sending it home, 
where it could not have the Editor's supervision as the sheets 
passed through the press ; hence the deplorable number of 
typographical errors which disfigure its pages. It is 
desirable that the following corrections should be made 
with the pen before the book is used. 

Errors, the correct reading of which is obvious, are not 
included in this list. 




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>, for maniana read maniania. 

for " kese " read " kehe," and dele " in the Sandwich Islarjd dialect. ' 
line 18, for kuiwai read Kuiwai, 
„ 21, for Auareka read Ahuareka. 
., 32, for Ne read He. 

„ 14, for ninu read rimu. 

„ 9 from bottom, /or ta read te. 

„ 18 from bottom, for Ainake read Auinake. 

„ 2 from bottom, for Araki read Aiiraki. 

„ 10,/or karewa reaciKarewa. 

„ 10, for gi read ki. 

„ 22, for kaupa read kainga. 

„ 8, for ti read te. 

, 16 from bottom, for humariae read humarire. 

„ 6 from bottom, /or ou read or. 

,, 11, for V. t. read v. i 

„ 2, for to read te. 

„ 13,/or heriread heoi. 

„ 19 from bottom, for the read she. 

„ 11, for trawa read Arawa. 

„ 9, for keoi read heoi. 

„ 5. /or Kikarohia read Hikarohia. 

„ 9 from bottom, /or strine read shine. 

„ 4 fi'om bottom, for kampango read karupango, 

„ 8 from bottom, for karewa 7-ead Karewa. 

„ 21, for a read e. 

„ 26, for mauie read marie. 

„ 15, for nai read na. 

„ 20 from bottom, for to read te. 

„ 6, for re read te. 

„ 5 from bottom, for kokai read hokai. 

„ 12, /or kokehokea reatZ hokohokea. 

,, 24, for burnt read burnt. 

„ 16 from bottom, for Hona read Houa. 

„ 17 from bottom, for maki read mahi. 

,, 16, /or siliceous rea<i siliceous, 
last line, /or whuia 7-ead whiua. 
line 6, for the i-ead te. 

„ 3, dele comma after huri. 

„ 28, for stunded )-ead stunted. 

„ 23, dele te. 

„ 4, for haukia marange read hau, Ida maranga. 

„ 21 from bottom, for ho read ko. 

„ 9, for WHina i-ead WHiua. 

„ 9 from bottom, for Ke read Ko. 

„ 18 from bottom, for price read prize. 

„ 16 from bottom, for ke read he. 

„ 5, for Katahangra read Kautahang-a. 

„ 6,/or ponaka reat^ pouaka. 

,. 14 from bottom, for whina read whiua. 

„ 19 from bottom, for Lest read Let. 

„ 8 from bottom, for tangata read tangatanga. 

.. 7, for Kititona 7-ead Kiritona. 

„ 7 from bottom, for tana read taua. 

„ 23, for koaru read koaro. 

„ 3 from bottom, for Koelioea read Koekoea. 

„ 13 from bottom, for hoangaw— ,?'e«<^ kohangaw— . 

„ 16, for whahak. read whakak. 

„ 8 from bottom, for place read circumstance. 

„ 1, insert semicolon after slant'oig. 

„ 20 fi'om bottom, for longata read laevigata. 

„ 17 from bottom, for Kopohuri read Kopuhuri. 

,, 9 from bottom, read Koroing"Oing"0. 

„ 15, /or light rea(? bight. 

„ 20 from bottom, /or Kowaka read Kowlieka. 
„ 13, /or termi- read tenui-. 

Page 70, coL 2, line 7 from bottom, for sewed read served. 

„ 74, „ 1, „ 5 from bottom, /or -niu reod -ntii. 

„ 80, „ 2, „ 23, matxia with u ihort. 

„ 83, „ 1, „ 10, ^ position rccd pression. 

„ 83, „ 1, „ 18, /or to r<'arf te. 

„ 85, „ 2, „ 11 from bottom,/or make read anake. 

„ 86, „ 2, „ 19,/or of rearf off. 

„ 89, „ 2, „ 2 from bottom, for Kanawa read Nanawe. 

„ 90, „ 1, „ 22 ftom bottom, /or wbina r<'arf whiua, 

„ 95, „ 2, „ 3 from bottom, for shcel read shell. 

„ 96, „ 2, „ 3 ftt)m bottom, for wahie read kamaka. 

„ 97, „ 2, „ 14, /or NOeni rrad NGoru. 

„ 99, „ 1, „ 13,/orponaka read ponaka. 

„ 102, „ 1, „ 23,/or tanga rfOff tangata. 

„ 102, „ 1, „ 37,/orTe rrarf To. 

„ 103, „ 1, „ 27,/orniairMdmaL 

„ 103, „ 1, „ il.for eread a. 

„ 108, „ 2 „ 2,/or point read joint 

„ 105, „ 1, „ 3 fh)mbottom,/or To read Te. 

^ 105. „ 1, „ 2 from bottom, /or orua read oma. 

„ 107, „ 1, „ 21, /or ma reodrua. 

„ 108, „ 2, „ 21,/or to read te. 

„ 111, „ 1, ., 2 from bottom, in«er< ho 6e/(»re rauiH). 

„ 111, „ 2, „ 24 from bottom, for mater read water. 

„ lis, „ 2, „ 20, for read e. 

„ 114, ., 2, „ 19, /or ma read rua. 

„ 118, „ 1, „ 10 from bottom,/orKomai read Homai. 

„ 118, „ 2, „ 21, for papatu read pnpatiia 

M 120, „ 1, after line 12, inaert Poporoihewa, n. a bird. 

„ 120, „ 1, line 13, /or PoiK>roiliewa read Foporokaiwhiri. 

„ lU, „ I, „ n from bottom, for Ho rMNi He. 

t, lU, „ %, „ 19 from bottom. /or hi read ki, 

M Hi, M Si w 12 from bottom, /or na read ua. 

„ 126, w 1, „ 4 from bottom. /or Parakau read Purakau. 

„ 127, „ 2, „ »4frt>mboUom,/<»rKereodKa. 

„ 128. „ 1, „ 21, /or pokaka read poaka. 

„ ISO, „ 2, „ 8 from bottom. /or tinaua read tinana. 

„ 134, „ 2, „ 24,/orkcrcadte. 

„ 134, „ 2, „ 4 from bottom, /or ki read Ida. 

„ 185, „ I, n 14 from bottom, /or Rotao rrrtff Re tao. 

„ 140, „ 1, „ 18,/orruawhlne read ruwahine. 

^ 141, „ 1, la»t Unc./orriroreod ritt. 

M 141. n 2, line 11 from bottom, /or te read ta. 

„ 142, n 1, lartline,/orkeoir#adheoL 

„ 142, „ 2, lines, for /or read /or. 

„ 143, „ 1, „ 17 fh)mbottom,/or Ho read He. 

„ 144, „ 2, „ 18,/orkawa read kowa. 

„ 145, „ 2, „ 1, /or Tainaki read Talnahl. 

„ 147, „ 1. „ 14, /or Takahau read Takakau. 

„ 150, „ 2, „ 18, /or Aoa te read Auae. 

„ 151, „ 1, „ 12./orOreadE. 

„ 151, „ 2, „ 21 from bottom, /or hna re/id hoa. 

„ 154, „ 2, M 5, for Tapnkitia, read Tapuhitia. 

„ 159, „ 1, „ 6 from bottom,/orHci read HeoL 

•• 160, „ 1, „ S from bottom, intert ana before to. 

„ 171, „ 1, „ 12 from bottom, /or Tiwakl read Tiwhaki. 

„ 172, „ 1, „ 18 from bottom,/or ai read ia. 

», 173, „ 1, u 2 flrom bottom, /or Btempost read stempost 

180, „ 1, „ 2, /or ngu read nga. 

181, „ 2, „ 14,/orkereadhe. 

181, „ 2, „ 27, /or ia read a. 

182, „ 1, „ 7, for toana read tana. 

183, „ 1, „ 5, for /or read o/. 

190, „ 2, „ 21 from bottom, /or tana read tane, 

191, „ 1, „ 19, for baki read kakl. 

191, „ 2, „ 6 from bottom, /or Kai read Ka. 

192, „ 1. „ 9, /or Wflahikitia read WHarikitia. 


The principal feature in this edition of the Maori Dictionary, which 
calls for special notice, is the arrangement of the words. There 
are certain changes in form which are applicable to a very large 
proportion of the words in the language, and especially to adjectives 
and verbs. These changes are effected by the reduplication of one 
or more syllables, by prefixing the causative *whiika\ and by the 
addition of a termination which forms a derivative noun. It has 
i»con thought better therefore, in this edition, not to place all words 
80 changed in alphabetical order, as so many independent words ; 
but to group them all under the simple forms, and to give, in an 
Introduction, an explanation of their usual effect in modifying the 
meaning of a word. If, therefore, a word having one or two syl- 
lables repeated, or a word beginning with *whaka\ or a word with 
the termination of a derivative noun, cannot be found in its place, 
according to the alphabetical order of the letters, it may be looked 
for under the simpler form of the word. Thus, papae, paepae, 
whakapae, pnenga and whakapaenga may all be looked for under 
pne^ and whnkamaharnhara and whakamaharatanga may be looked 
for under the simple form, ma ham. If, in any such case, the 
particular development of the word is not to be found under the 
simple form, the meaning may be ascertained by a reference to the 
Introduction. A little experience ^vill soon shew the advantage of 
having these various forms of each word thus grouped together. 


The accents have been omitted, and the quantity of the vo- 
wels, as being of much more importance, has been indicated by 
the usual long and short marks. Rules for accentuation are appended 
to the Introduction. 

The first, or Maori and English portion of the work has been 
submitted to very careful revision, and the additions amount to 
upwards of 1200 genuine Maori words, without reckoning the re- 
duplicated forms, the causatives with ^wkaka\ or the derivative 
nouns. The large number of corrections and additions and the 
alteration in the general plan of the work have involved the ne- 
cessity of re-writing the whole. 

It would be a great achievement, if it were possible, to obtain 
a collection of all known Maori words, with well authenticated 
examples of genuine Maori usage. This book makes no pretension 
to any such completeness. The difficulty of the task of collecting 
words can be fully appreciated by those only who have made trial 
of it. To make a collection at all approaching to completeness 
would require the co-operation of a number of individuals, each 
working in a different district, for there are many words, which, 
though well known in one district, may be absolutely unknown in 
another. Nor is it so easy to procure good illustrative examples 
as it may be imagined to be. A large number of examples have 
been taken from the "Mythology and Traditions of the New Zea- 
landers" edited by Sir G. Grey, and published in London in the 
year 1854. The numbers appended to many of the examples now 
given refer to the pages of that work from which they have been 
taken. The other examples have for the most part either been 
copied from Maori letters or other writings or they have been taken 
down on the spot from the lips of Maori speakers. 

The second part, containing the English and Maori vocabulary 
has undergone very little alteration. The Colloquial sentences re- 
main as they were before, and the concise Grammar has been omitted 
altogether, as it may be considered to have been superseded by 
works which have been subsequently published. 
TuRANGA, Decembee, 1869. 



It has indeed been proposed by some, that the New Zealand 
language should be discouraged as much as possible, and that the 
Natives should at once be instructed in English. It must be al- 
lowed that, if such a plan were practicable, the advantages arising 
from it would be great ; and civilization cannot advance so favour- 
ably without it. Let this difficulty be once overcome, and the im- 
mense fund of information to be gathered from books in our own 
language is thrown open to this interesting people. But a know- 
ledge of facts tells us the acquisition of English by the New Zea- 
landers will only be partial, even in those districts in which our 
principal settlements are made, while the larger portion of the Na- 
tives will hold but little intercourse ^vith our countrjTnen, who will 
have no inducement to settle in those districts which the Natives 
generally prefer. That it will be difficult to persuade the Natives, 
as a people, to adopt our language to the disuse of their own, may 
be inferred from the fact, that the Irish and Welsh, even though 
living in the heart of English towns, continue to use their favourite 
tongue, and that, too, after our connection, as one people, has con- 
tinued for many centuries. While, therefore, every encouragement 
should be given to the Natives to learn English, it will not be 
the less necessary for those, whose position brings them into fre- 
quent communication with this people, to learn their language; 
and, it is interesting to know that many are ready to make use 
of every help which may be aff'orded them. As these attempts are 
persevered in, it is likely that a great accession of valuable ma- 
terials will ere long be made from various sources. If, in the 
meantime, the present Compilation shall be the means of assisting 
thorfe who are disposed to prosecute the study, — though it bo only 
as a ground-work for something more extensively useful hereafter, 
it will have served the purpose for which it was undertaken. 
TuRAiTOA, 1844. 



In the first part of this Dictionary, the English words which 
are printed in Italics are to be regarded as the meanings, or Eng- 
lish equivalents of the Maori words or sentences to which they are 
appended. Mere descriptions of words which may or may not have 
English equivalents, are printed in Eoman type. 


There does not appear to be any real necessity for encumber- 
ing the pages of a dictionary by treating as so many distinct words 
what are, in fact, only different regular usee of the same word. 
In an English dictionary, for example, no one would expect to tiud 
; he plural form of every noun treated as a distinct word. But we 
may go further even than the usual practice in English dictionaries, 
and say that there is no necessity for setting down all tho regu- 
larly formed participles, and the nouns ending in ^er, as distinct 
words: for no one, who is acquainted with the habits of ordinary 
English verbs, would fail to see at a glance the meaning of such 
words as ''doer", "doing" &c., as soon as he had ascertained the 
meaning of the verb from which they are regularly derived. Nor 
again, when one hears or uses the expression, "a stone house", is 
it necessary to consider the word "stone'' as an adjective, distinct 
from the noun "stone", because it happens, in this particular in- 
stance, to be used as an adjective, any more than wo should say 
that there is also an adverb, "stone", to explain such an expression 
as, "stone dead". But when the attempt is not made to present 
each word under every variety of form, and in every possible po- 
sition in which it may be found in the language, it becomes the 
more important that the various modifications of form to which 
any word is liable should be pointed out, and that tho effect which 
such modifications usually have upon the meaning of the word should 
be explained. This is the intention of the present introduction. 


§ i. Reduplication. 

Adjectives and verbs are modified both in form and meaning 
by the reduplication of one or both of the syllables of the root*. 

An adjective, with the first syllable of the root doubled, be- 
comes plural: thus, He rakau pai, a good tree. He rakau papai, 
good trees. It is to be observed however that the simple form 
is used both as singular and plural ; the reduplicated form, as plural 

The effect of doubling both syllables of the root is to dimi- 
nish the intensity of the meaning of the adjective, thus; Mate, 
sick. Matemate, sickly. "Wera, hot. Werawera, rather hot; warm. 

In the case of verbs, the effect of the two kinds of redupli- 
cation is somewhat different. The reduplication of the first syl- 
lable of the root denotes either, 1. a prolongation or continuance 
of the action with increased intensity, or, 2. a mutual action; while 
the doubling of both syllables of the root gives the verb a fre- 
quentative force, denoting that the action is frequently repeated, 
the intensity being diminished. Thus kimo denotes the ordinary 
involuntary winking of the eyes; kikimo denotes that the eyes are 
closed and kept fast closed; kimokimo again, denotes a frequent 
winking. — Kei te whaia tonutia te Hauhau e te Kawanatanga : kaore 
ano i tae noa mai he korero o te pipiritanga. The Hauhaus are 
still pursued by the colonial forces : no tidings have yet reached us 
of their having joined battle. — Hopuhopu kau ana; ka mate nga 
atua Puarata; He caught Puarata^s atua one after onother, and 
thus they were destroyed. 

In words of three syllables, the doubling of both syllables of 
the root causes a euphonious lengthening of the first syllable. Mania, 
slippery J becomes maniana; and tinei, extinguish^ becomes tineinei. 

§ ii. WHaka. 

Nouns, adjectives and verbs may all have a prefix, whaka, 
(sometimes contracted to wha), the effect of which is to make a 

* Most simple Maori words seem to be formed from a di-syllabic root ; some 
consisting of the root only, and others of the root and a prefixed syllable. Of 
the prefixed syllables, nia generally constitutes the word an adjective. Long vo- 
wels and diphthongs are equivalent in this respect to two syllables, a consonant 
having certainly in some cases, if not in all, been dropped : thus "ke", different^ 
is, in the Tonga dialect, "kese", and "tai", sea^ is, in the Sandwich Island dia- 
lect, "tahi". 


causal verb. WHakatangata signifies make into a man, or treat as a 
man; whakapai, make good, or pronounce good; whakanoho, cause 
tn sit; whakamohio, cause to know. Nouns and some adjectives, 
liaving whaka thus prefixed, are often used intransitively, when 
they have a reflex signification, it being assumed that, where no 
bject is expressed, the agent is himself the object of his own 
action. Thus whakatika^ straighten, is commonly used, without an 
object expressed, to signify straighten oneself, or stand up; whaka- 
tamariki, act the part of a child; whakatane, play the man*. 

§ iii. Passive Terminations. 
The usual passive terminatinos of verbs are -a, -ia, -hia, -kia, 
-miti, -ngia, -ria, -tia, -whia, na, ina, whina. Thus 
Poro becomes poroa; 

WHawhati „ whatiia; 
Warn „ waruhia; 

Moto „ motokia; 

Horo „ horomia ; 

Bere „ rerengia ; 

Mau „ mauria ; 

Awhi „ awhitia ; 

WHawhao „ whaowhia, and whaowhina; 

Tiki „ tikina; 

Aroha „ arohaina. 

It is questionable whether any rule can be laid down for ap- 
I)lying one termination rather than another to any given verb. 
Usage varies in difl'ercnt parts of the country so much that it ap- 
ears to be mere matter of custom, some regard being paid to 

Intransitive, as well as transitive, verbs have a passive voice, 
quiring the addition of a preposition, in English, to make the 
cnsc complete. Thus, haere, go; haerea, he travelled nrrr: noho, 
ft; nohoia, be sat upon. 

Some adverbs, and all adjectives when used adverbially, take 
one or other of the above terminations whenever the verbs with 
which they are connected are passive. Example. Tokowha o ona 
hoa i kainga katoatia e ia ; There were four of his companions who 
were devoured entirely by him. 

* Tliis reHex use is met with in otiicr wor<i> li.sido tln.s.- compouuded with 
liaka. Neke, v, t. move, if no object is exprc ^>»mI, is always understood to 
I can, move cne$e^. 


Nouns will also be met with occasionally, carrying the termi- 
nation of a passive verb. This form expresses a change as having 
taken place into that which the noun signifies. Thus, Koroua sig- 
nifies old man; Kua korouatia koe, you have grown into an old 

Sometimes a phrase may be treated like a verb when it is im- 
possible to consider it as a permanent compound word. For in- 
stance, the expression, ma te matapihi, through the window, might 
be welded together into one word, and a passive termination added, 
thus, Ma-te-matapihi-tia mai. Let it he passed through the window. 

§ iv. Nouns of Circumstance. 
These are derived from adjectives, participles or verbs by the 
simple addition of one of the following tenninations, -nga, -anga, 
-hanga, -manga, -ranga, -tanga, -inga; the choice of the termination 
for any given word being, as in the case of the passives, some- 
what arbitrary, and dependent upon usage which is not always uni- 
form. Thus 



1 mahing^a. 


noho anga. 











In some few cases the final vowel is altered, for arahi makes ara- 
hanga, and nunumi makes numanga. These nouns denote the cir- 
cumstance, time or place of the action or condition, and those which 
are derived from verbs may be either active or passive, according 
to the context. Thus, patu signifies strike, and patunga, the cir- 
cumstance, time or place of striking or of being struck. Tana pa- 
tunga i a au, the circumstance of his striking me. Tona patunga 
e au, the circumstance of his being struck by me. 

§ V. Numeral Prefixes. 
These are 1. e, prefixed to all but talii; 2. ko, prefixed to 
tahi only; 3. toko, used in speaking of persons, when the number 
is not higher than nine; 4. hoko, which expresses multiples of ten, 
but sometimes also is merely equivalent to toko; and 5. taki, which 
is distributive, as takiwhitu, by sevens. All of these except ko are 
used with the interrogative numeral hia, and in speaking of per- 


ons taki is used along with toko, as takitokowha, by four persons 
it a time. 

Taki is also used sometimes with adjectives or participles to 
denote that the word applies to each and all of the things spoken 
of. Ka takimanu anake nga waka, the canoes are one and all 

§ Vi. -TANGA. 

Passive verbs sometimes have a suffix, -tanga, which, if the 
verb is qualified by an adverb, is attached to the adverb in place 
of the passive termination. The force of this suffix it is not very- 
easy to determine. Sometimes, at all events, it seems to have the 
same effect as 'ana' would have in the same position. Hiko tonu 
ia ki nga ngarehu, apuatanga. He immediately snatched up the burn- 
ing coals and crammed them into his mouth. — Apitiria tonutanga 
atu ko te pa, ka horo. The pa was then attacked in addition ^ and fell. 

§ vii. NGe. 
The syllable nge is sometimes prefixed to personal or posses- 
nye pronouns, as nge-au; nge-ona: and sometimes it appears as a 
suffix to the adverbs pea and koa, thus, peange, koange; but in 
none of these cases does it apparently affect the meaning of the 
word to which it is attached. 

§ viii. Different modes of Spelling. 
A Maori, in writing a long vowel, will frequently double it 
to shew that it is long, especially when it may be important to 
keep it distinct from another word which is similarly spelt, but 
differently pronounced, and thus we may have the same word spelt 
in two different ways. Kainga, dwellin^place, is thus often written 
kaainga, to distinguish it from kainga, act of eating. The words 
tangata, wahine, matua, tupuna, and a few others, may, in the same 
way, have the vowel in the antepenultimate syllable doubled, to 
shew that that syllable is to be pronounced long, to denote the 
plural number. 

§ ix. Disguised Words. 

Well-known words may sometimes be met with in such a 
disguise that it is difficult, at first sight, to recognize them at all. 
The disguise may be effected 1. by the transposition of single letters, 
or syllables; or 2. by the substitution, for one letter, of another 


which has, or may be assumed to have some affinity with it; or 
3. by the substitution, in a compound word, for one of its elements, 
of another word having the same signification. Changes of the first 
class may perhaps be set down merely as peculiarities of dialect, 
though some of them have possibly had an arbitrary origin. Those 
of the third class, and probably those of the second, have originated 
in a desire to avoid the possibility of one's getting into trouble 
through the accidental resemblance of the name of some great chief 
to a word in common use. The mere fact of his name, or a word 
similar to it, being used in a manner which he considered dis- 
respectful to himself, used to be considered quite sufficient justifi- 
cation for a chief in picking a quarrel with his neighbours, when 
the quarrel was determined on, and nothing but a plausible pretext 
was wanting. The following may serve as an illustration of this. 
Some years ago, the child of a chief of the NGatiporou tribe re- 
ceived the name of Te Wairama. In consequence of this the word 
honu came into common use for water, and the usual word, waij 
was avoided for fear of giving offence. 

Cases of transposition are not uncommon, and sometimes both 
forms of a transposed word may be found in use together in the 
same district. Thus ngaro, Jly, is transposed into range; and nga- 
whariki into whanariki*. 

Interchangeable letters are 1. a and c; 2. a and o; 3. i and 
tt; 4. w, n and ng-^ 5. k and ng ; 6. k and /?. 


1. teina, taina. 

2. taimaha, toimaha. 

3. taimaha, taumaha. 
tupuna, tipuna. 

4. momi, ngongi. 
memenge, memene. 

5. karengo, kareko. 
kainga, kaika. 

6. karengo, parengo. 

* The word, engari, is probably only a transposed from of erangi. Some 
good authorities consider the two words to be distinct, both in etymology and 
signification, but after much close obsei*vation of the use of the two words by 
Natives, both in writing and speaking, I have been driven to the conclusion that 
they are identical, at least in meaning. 


§ X. The same word in different aspects. 

The same word may at different times assume the functions of 
several diflferent parts of speech. Thus nouns are frequently used 
as adjectives to denote the material of which a thing is made, the 
purpose to which it is applied, &c. He whare raupo, a house 
^huitt of] raupo. He roto tuna, a take in which eels abound, 
Adjectives and participles are used as nouns to express the quality, 
I part from the individual person or thing in which that quality 
may reside. Haere koe, e hoki ki uta, hei korero i toku toa, Goy 
return to the shore, to tell of my bravery. Adjectives and parti- 
ciples are also commonly used as adverbs. I mauria maoatia mai 
te kai ; The food was brought in a cooked state. 

Verbs again frequently become nouns; the infinitive mood of 
the verb being, in fact, nothing more than the verb treated as a 
noun. Or again, they do the work of adjectives and adverbs. He 
iiiatua whangai, a foster father. 

Nouns also will sometimes assume the function of verbs, as in 
the case already mentioned, § iii, as well as in others. Nona ka 
kaumatua nei, ka timata tona mate; // was when he arrived at man's 
rotate that his sickness began. 


It may be set down as a general rule, to which there are 
^ome exceptions, that Maori words are always accented on the,^r.f/ 
syllable; but compound words, or words which have the disyllabic 
root doubled, have a secondary accent on the second portion of the 

// l/aka, beginning a word is always uu-accented. 

The Articles, he, te, nga, all the prepositions, the verbal par- 
ticles, and the particles a and ko are un-accented ; but when a pre- 
cedes any of the singular personal pronouns au, koe^ ia or the in- 
definite pronoun mea, these words throw back their accent upon 
the a, which thus becomes accented. 



Karanga, call. 

1. Indicative. 

1. Inceptive; past or future. 

Ka karanga ia, He called , or began to call; He will call, or 
will begin to call. 

Ka kore ia e karanga. He began, or will begin not to call. 

2. Imperfect; past, present or future. 

E karanga ana ia; He was, is or will be calling. 
Kahore ia e karanga ana; He was not, is not, or will not be 

3. Perfect; past, present or future. 

Kua karanga ia. He had, has, or will have called. 
Kahore ia kia karanga; He had not, has not, or will not have 

4. Indefinite, past. 

I karanga ia; He called. 

Kihai ia i karanga; He did not call. ^ 

5. Indefinite; future. 

E karanga ia, or Tera ia e karanga; He will call. 
E kore ia e karanga, or Tera ia e kore e karanga; He will 
not call. 

6. Narrative form. 
Karanga ana ia; He called. 

ii. Imperative. 
Karanga! Call! 
Kaua e karanga! Do not call! 

iii. Optative. 

1. With Kia, that. 

Kia karanga ia; That he should call. 

Kia kaua ia e karanga; That he should not call. 

2. With Kei; lest. 

Kei karanga ia; Lest he should call. 

Kei kore ia e karanga; Lest he should not call. 


iv. Subjunctive. 

1. Imperfect. 

Me e karanga ana ia; If he were calling. 

Me kahore ia e karanga ana; If he were not calling, 

2. Perfect. 

Me i karanga ia; If he had called. 

Me i kahore ia i karanga; If he had not called. 

3. Future (contingent). 

Ki te karanga ia; If he should call. 

Ki te kore ia e karanga. If he should not call. 

V. Infinitive. 
Karanga preceded by an article or definitive pronoun, thus; 
Ue karanga; te karanga; tana karanga &c. 


art. Article. 

n Noun. 

a Adjective. 

pron Pronoun. 

V ■ . . . . Verb. 

ad. Adverb. 

conj. Conjunction. 

prep Preposition. 

int Interjection. 

W. Waikato dialect. 

Ji Rarawa dialect. 

T. Tauranga dialect. 

E. C. East Cape dialect. 

^gt- Ngatitoa dialect. 

^9 Ngapuhi dialect. 

A, n. collar-bone. Usually joined 
with kakl, thus; Te a o toku 

A, V. t. drive ; urge ; comjtel. Ka 
aia te waka e te ia. Ka ru- 
maki tonu te pane ki te hoe, i 
to ainga hoki a te wehi (144). 

A, plural of the definitive particle 
ta. See ta. 

A, a prefix to proper names and 
personal pronouns, and occasio- 
oally to common nouns. 

1. to names of persons, pro- 
per names of canoes &c., and per- 
sonal pronouns (except ahau). 

(a) when standing as subject 
in a sentence. Kei te ngaki 
kumara a Te Kehu (85). 

(b) when following any of the 
prepositions, hei\ kei\ ki\ i. Ka 
korero atu a Kupe ki a Turi 
(110). Kua timata mai ano i 
mua atu, i a WHakatauihu, i a 
Tawhaki, i a Tuhuruhuru (63). 

(c) in explanatory clauses. 
Kua tupu tana tamaiti, a Rata 

2. to names of places and 
local nouns, when standing as 
subject in a sentence. Ka tau- 
nahatia e Naki a Motiti (75). 

3. occasionally to common 
nouns in explanatory clauses. 
Kokohanga atu e takoto ana te 
kai nei, a te kukupa. (146). 

A, conj. 1. as far as. Ka rere 

mai a te Arawa, a waho i te 
moana (71). 2. ///////. Takoto 
nei, a ao noa te ra (90). 3. 
and; and then; connecting suc- 
cessive actions or events. Hoe 
ana mai, a ka u ki Mokau (123). 
4. well then, in rejoinders. A, 
tcna, kei whca au tuaahu? (122) 

A, prep. 1 of; belonging to ; used 
in speaking of actions of any 
kind, food, children, slaves &c. 
but not in speaking of the parts 
of a whole, namcs^ qualities, 
houses, lands, water for drink- 
ing, clothes &c. NGa tama a 
Kangitihi. — NGa kupu poropo- 
roaki a Hou (82). Te umu a 
Juiwai (83). 2. at, of future 
time. A whea ano ra ku po? 
(167) 3. after the manner of. 
He mea mohio a ngukau ta- 
ngata (84). Hcoi, ka noho a 
pahi te rau ma whitu nei i 
reira (154). 

Aata, n. altar. 

Ae, ad. 1. in answer to an affir- 
mative question, yes. Ka mea 
atu te matua ki a ia, "Ae, e pai 
ana" (25). 2. in answer to a 
negative question, no. "Kahore 
i homai he kai raau?" "Ae." 

ae, v. i. consent. Ae ana mai ona 
whanaunga kia patua te ra (25). 

whakaae, v. i. say yes; consent. 
Ka whakaae to raua whaea (46). 

Aeaea — Ahua. 

whakaaeaea, 1. v. i. pant for 
breath. Ka kake i te pikitanga, 
ka whakaaeaea. 2. v. t. utter 
disconnectedly, as though in want 
of breath. Kaua e whakaaeaeatia 
to korero, engari honoa tonutia. 

Aeh.a, int. denoting contempt. 

.^a, (a-a) pron. 1 what? of things 
only. He aha te korero? (90) 
2 of what sort &c. 3 whatever. 
Te ai he aha hei whakaohooho 
mai (117). Ther^e is nothing 
whatever to disturb. 

aha, V. i. or t. do what; do what 
to. E aha ana koe i kona? 
What are you doing there? I 
ahatia e ratou tana tamaiti? 
fVhat did they do to his child? 

ahatanga, n. doing ivhat. He 
ahatanga? or Ko tena te aha- 
tanga? What of that} 

Ahakoa, conj. 1. although. Aha- 
koa kei te whenua tawhiti e 
noho ana, ka taea ano i reira. 
2. nevertheless. 3. repeated, ivhe- 
ther . . . or. Ko te taua haere 
atu i raro nei, kei Muri whenua 
ka mate; ahakoa taua, ahakoa 
tira haere noa, e kore e ora (175). 
Sometimes written as two words 
with he, thus, he aha koa, but 
this is often only an intensified 
form of he aha. He aha koa u 
ana te waiho ai hei hoa aroha 
mo tatou? (12) 

Ahaku, pi. of tahaku, a length- 
ened form of taku. See taku. 

Ahau, pron. /. often shortened 
to au. Te wai i kite ai au (110), 
After the prepositions a, o, ma, 
mo, na, no, ta, to, it is chang- 
ed to ku., thus; aku, maku &c. 
^hau does not take the prefix 
a, but au does. 

Ahea, (a hea) adv. interrogative, 
of future time. when. Ahea koe 
haere ai? see Hea. 

Ahei, (a) v. i. 1. be able. E kore 

au e ahei te ki atu. 2. be pos- 
sible; be within one''s power. 
Kaore e ahei i a ia te haere. 

Aheiha, ad. truly, a form of 

Ahere, n. snare for birds. 

Ahi, (a-i) n. fire. Tenei to ahi (24). 

ahiahi, n. evening. Kia ahiahi ka 
hoki mahi ki roto ki tona whare 

Ahiki, V. i. make haste. Ahiki mai. 

Alio, (a 6) n. 1. string; line. Ka 
maro a raua aho (25). 2. woof; 
cross threads of a mat. 

Aho, (a 6) n. radiant light, as 
opposed to diffused light. Com- 
pare mataaho, tiaho &c. 

Ahoroa, (a 6) n. moon. 

I. Ahu, (5 iji) n. heap. 
ahu, V. i. tend; foster. Na Tupa- 

rimaewaewa nana i ahu mai, ka 
kiia he tangata (17). ahu whenua, 
cultivate the soil. 

ahuahu, a. large. Ka ahuahu te 
tupu to hoiho. 

ahuahu, v. i. 1. heap up. 2. earth 
up-., cover with a heap of earth, 
as potatoes &c. ^.foster; tend. 
Ahuahungia mai e Bongotaka- 
wiu, ka tupu ko WHakatau (57). 

whakaahu, i. v. t. heap up; lay 
in a heap. WHakaahua koe ki 
te ahi rarauhe (5). WHakaa- 
hutia he aruhe ki runga ahi. 
ii. V. n. 1. .swell up. Ka wha- 
kaahu taku puku. 2. be dis- 
pleased. WHakaahu ana au i 
te pukapuka a Henare : ko taku 
whakaahu tenei, te haere ia ki 
"WHarekahika kati mai ai. shew 
contempt. Katahi te tangata wha- 
kaahu ki aku kai. 

II. Ahu, (a ii) V. n. move in a 
certain direction. E ahu mai ana 
te waka. 

I. Ahua, (a u) or ahuatanga, n. 
I. form; appearance. Ae, me 
koe na ano te ahua (62). 2. 
likeness. Ka whakaahuatia hoki 

ahuahua — Ai. 

ahau ki to te manu ahuatanga 
(18). 3. character. He tangata 
ahua pai. 

ahuahua, v. i. resemble. Ahua- 
hua ana te kanohi o te tamaiti 
nei ki tona papa. 

ahuatia, v. pass, be matured; be 
completed. Kahore ano kia ahua- 
tia te Iiaora mo te kai. 

whakaahua, 1. v. t, form; fa- 
shion. 2. V. i. acquire form. 
E whakaahua ana te tamaiti. 

whaka-whai-ahua, v. t. impart 
form to; Jashion. 

ir. Ahua, V. i. be pregnant. E 
ahua ana te wahine. 

III. Ahua (a A) t. i. hasten, E 
ahua mai koutou. 

Ahua (a Q) ad. trnhi : i\ form of 

AtlarSk&, a. \. ph'uxunt ; agree- 
able; entertaining. 2. pleased. 
£ kore ahau e ahuareka ki tena 

Ahuk&huka, v. i. resemble ; coin- 
cide nearly. Kihai i ahukahuka 
mai tau korero i runga i taku. 

Ahur3w&, («-fl) n. sacred place 
lor tlie performance of mystic 
ceremonies ; the same as tuaahu. 

Ahiiril, (a) a. warm ; comfortable. 

H He wliare ahuru. 

wliakaahuru, v. t. warm ; nestle ; 
cherish. E whakaahuru ana te 
manu i ana pi. 

I. Ai, (a) ad. not generally 
translated by any equivalent 
English word, , but used in the 
following cases. 

l.In relative claus^B, where 
the-^ relative in English is go- 
venkdd by a verb or proposi- , 
tion. Kei kona nga tangata i , 
kite ai au ( U 6). There are the 
men whom J .%aw. Ka kitea he i 
tikauga mana e mate ai tenei 
tauiwha (110). lie discovered a \ 
plan bfi which this taniwha might \ 

be killed. Occasionally with pas- 

sive verbs when the relative is 
the subject of the verb. Ka 
kitea te wahi i kimihia mai ai e 
ratou (121). The place was found 
which was sought for bif them. 

2. In clauses expressing the 
reason for which anything is 
done, or the object in view in 
doing it. He aha koe i wha- 
kaorangia ai? (46) ff^hy were 
you saved alive ? Koia i tapaa 
ai toku ingoa e te iwi nei ko 
Tatau (46). That is why this 
people gave me the name of Tatau. 
I tapaa ai tena matenga ko Mai- 
kukutea, no t« mea ko nga mai- 
kuku kau i kitea (93). The 
place of this slaughter was call- 
ed Maikukutea there was 
nothing found but the finger- 
nails. He nuka na Kupe kia 
riro mai ai a Kuramai'otini mana 
(109). // ivas an artifice of 
Hupe's in order that he might 
obtain Huramarotini for himself 
Mo wai to wai, i haerc iho ai 
koe i te po? (96) For whom 
is your water that you come 
down to fetch it by night? 

3. In clauses marking the time 
or place of an action or event. 
Nonawhea koutou nei i u mai 
ai? (122) frhen was it that 
you arrived? Kei te wai heru 
ano ka patu ai, katahi ka mate 
(54). // /* at the pool where he 
dresses his hair that you should 
strike him ; then he will die. 

4. VV^ith a verb or adjective 
denoting an action or state con- 
sequent upon some previous 
action. Toia ake ki uta takoto 
ai i te po (76). // was drawn 
up on shore at nighty to lie 

b. Denoting present condition 

or habitual action. Koho uoa 

ai nga tangata o tera motu; 

kaore e mahi kai. The men of 


Ai— Aki. 

that island live at case ; they do 
not cultivate food. 

6. With reference to some- 
thing previously mentioned, as 
aforesaid, as already stated. I 
a ia ai i roto i te whare o ona 
tuakana (17). fFAen he was, 
as already stated, in the house 
of his elder brothers. Po iho 
ai, ka whiti mai a Hinemoa ki 
Mokoia (135). ff^hen the night 
came, as aforesaid, Hinemoa 
crossed over to Mokoia. 

7. In the phrase, Ko wai i 
hua ai? or Ko wai i tohu ai? 
fFho would have thought? 

II. Ai, (a) V. substantive. Te ai 
he aha hei whakaohooho mai 
(117). There was nothing to 
disturb them. E ai ki tana, or 
E ai tana; It is according to 
his [saying] i. e. ffe says. Me 
e ai ana he toki maku ; If there 
were an axe for me; for If I 
had an axe. 

III. Ai, (a) V. t. 1. lie witJi a fe- 
male. 2. procreate; beget, Te 
aitanga a Tiki (145); The de- 
scendants of Tiki, a tribe. 

IV. Ai, (a) int. expressing sur- 
prise. Ai! taukiri e! (63). 

Aianei, ad. tiow ; to-day ; presently. 
Waihoki ko tenei, e aku tua- 
kana, ka taea hoki e au tenei, 
ka taea hoki e au tera atu aia- 
nei (19). 

Ainga, n. derived from verb a. 
See a. 

Aio, (a) a. 1. calm. Kia aio te 
moana ka hoe. 2. at peace. He 
whenua aio. 

Aitii, (a) n. sickness. 

Aitua, (Si) a. \. of ill omen ; un- 
lucky. He aitua, ina mahue te 
whare. 1. unfortunate; in trouble. 
Na koutou hoki tatou i aitua ai. 

Aka, (a-a) n. 1. long and thin 
roots of trees or plants. 2. me- 
trosideros scandens, a climbing 

plant. 3. stem of any climbing 
plant; hence occurring in the 
names of many climbers as aka- 
kiore, parsonsia rosea; aka-ko- 
ngohe; aka-kuku; aka-kura; aka- 
pohue; aka-tawhiwhi ; aka- tea; 
aka-totara, &c. 
akaaka, n. fibrous root. 
akaaka, a. having fibrous roots. 

Akau, (a-au) n. .seashore; coast. 
Noho ana i te akau o te moana 

Ake, (&-6) n. dodonea viscosa; a 
tree called also ake-rautangi. 
ake-piro ; olearia furfuracea, a 

Ake, (a-e) ad. 1. onwards, in time, 
mea ake, or mea kau ake ; in a 
very little while; immediately. 
No reira tana mohiotanga, mea 
ake ia whakamatea hei utu mo 
taua tamaiti (108). Taro ake; 
in a little while. Ake, ake, ake ; 
for ever. 2. forming a compa- 
rative, with nouns of position. 
No mua ake; just before; ki 
runga ake; higher up. 3. down 
below; in a loiv situation; witlv 
reference to a person or thing 
in a higher one. E koutou e 
haka ake nei, whakarongo ake 
koutou katoa (65). 4:. from be- 
low; upwards. Te puna e hu 
ake ra i raro i te whenua (154). 
5. implying direction to some 
place connected with the speaker, 
but not where he is at the time 
of speaking. Haere ake koe ki 
toku whare. 6. intensifying per- 

1 sonal or possessive pronouns, 
self. E wawata puku ana te- 

j tehi, me tetehi, ki a raua ake 

i (131). own. Tona ake kakahu. 

I Akengokengo, ad. to-morrow. 

I Aki, (a-i) 1. v. t. dash. Hohoro 
kau ana te tangata ki te aki i 
te patu ki nga kauae o te ika 
ra (155). 2. v. i. dash. Ko te 
tai anake e aki ana (93). 

akiaki — Ana. 

akiaki, v. t. urge on. E akiakina : 
ana matou e Turiri kia haere | 
ki te "whawhai. j 

Akiko, ad. at a distance from home. I 
E noho akiko ana taua taugata. 

Akiri, (a) v. t. throw away ; re- 
ject. Akiritia nga otaota ki 
waho. i 

Ako, (a-6) V. t. 1. learn. I akona 
e koe ki a wai? 2. teach. Penei 
ka rongo mai koe ki taku ako 
atri ka era koe (25). I 

akonga, n. learner; disciple. j 

akoranga, n. 1. circumstance, 
time^ place &c. of learning ; 2. 
thing taught or learnt. | 

whakaako, v. t. teach. Na te| 
atua ano ia i whakaako, i mohio 
ai (8). 

Ako, (a-6). 

akoako, v. n. split; have a ten- 
dencif to split. E kore tenei rakau 
c akoako. 

Aku, (a-u) 1. personal pronoun 
Ist. person singular, with the 
preposition a: of me. 2. plural 
of the definitive pronoun taku, 
my. See taku. 

Aku, (ft-d). 

akuaku, 1 . v. n. delay ; take time 
over anything. 2. v. t. clear 
the stones out of preparatory to 
heating it Akuakuna tc umu. | 

akuaku, a. Jirm ; strong. Kahore 
ano kia akuaku nga iwi o tana i 
tamaiti. i 

Akuanei, (4-a) ad. of time future, 
presently ; to-day. i 

Aeuhata, n. August; one of the 
months. I 

Aku to, a. 1. late. He tau aku- j 
to ; .-/ year in which the crops j 
are late. 2. slow. He ope akuto, i 
e kore e hohoro te ara. 

Ama, n. (5-3) outrigger on the 
windward side of a canoe. Hei 
roto koe, hei te ama o to taua 
waka (26). 

Amai, n. (a-fti> swell on the sea. 

amai, a. giddy; dizzy. E amai 
ana tona raatenga. 

Amaia, n. halo. 

Amaru, (a) n, metrosideros spe- 
cies; a tree. 

Amene, (a) v. t. desire. Kei te 
amene te ngakau ki te kino. 

Ami, (S-i) V. t. heap up. 

Amiki, (a) V. t. 1. gather uj) with- 
out omitting any ; make a clean 
sweep, Kua amikia katoatia nga 
kai. 2. tell a story without 
omitting any particular. Kaua 
e amikitia te korero. 

Amiku, V. t. for amiki. 

Amiomio, (a) v. i. 1. turn round 
and round; 2. be giddy. 

Amo, (fi-6) V. t. 1. carry on the 
shoulder. E kite koe i te rakau 
roa, turakina, ka arao mai (46). 
carry on a litter. 2. rush upon ; 
charge. Amohia! 

amo, n. litter; bier. 

Amu, (a a). 

amuamu, v. i. grumble. He aha 
tau e amuamu? Pass, amuamu- 
ii% be grumbled at. 

Amua, (am) n. The time to come. 
Hei amua, or mo amua; here- 
after. Hei amua ahau ka haere 

Amuri, n. The time to come. 
Waiho mo amuri. Amuri ake 
nei; hereafter. 

I. Ana, {&-&) n. cave; To ana ko- 
whatu o te wahine ra (95). 

II. Ana («-&) one of the verbal 
particles always placed after the 
verb or adjective. 1. When e 
precedes the verb, it denotes a 
temporary condition, an action 
in progress, or an action in- 
tended to be performed imme- 
diately. Kei runga kei te whare 
e iri ana tou taina, c ngaua ana 
e te paoa ahi (64). E whaka- 
rongo ana raua ki te putanga 
mai o te hau (93). E haere ana 
ahau ki Tauranga. 2. Without 

Ana — Anga. 

e it is used in auimated nar- 
ration of a rapid succession of 
actions. Ae ana mai, haere ana : 
noho ana ia, tunu manu ana 
mana (95). 3. Placed after a 
noun to denote the point to i 
which anything reaches. Ko Te | 
Kahureremoa atu ano i waho I 
nei, a, roto atu ana. 
Ana, (S-a) 1. ad. there. Ana, kei 
Motutapu (33). 

2. conj. when, in future time 
only. Ana tae koe ki te kainga. 

3. int. calling immediate at- 
tention. Ana! me te poko! (13) 

Ana, (a-a) 1. pron. 3rd. person 
singular with preposition a, of 
him, of her. 

2. plural of definitive pron. 

3. for ena, plural of tena. 

4. contracted from ae-na, yes. 
Ana koia; yes certainly. 

Anahe, (a-a) ad. on/y. 

Anahera, n. angel. 

Anake, ad. 1. only; none but; 
nothing but. Ko te tai anake 
e aki ana (93). 2. without ex- 
ception. He pai anake enei ra- 

Anamata, ad. Hereafter. 

Anana, int. expressing admiration. 

Anaoa, ad. certainly; a form of 

Aneane, (a) a. sharp. Aneane 
tonu te mata o te rakau. 

Anehii, a. misty. He rangi anehu. 

Anei, (a) for enei, pi. of tenei. 

Anei, (a) ad. here; like tenei. 

Anene, (a) v. i. breathe gently. I 
ata anene te haere mai o te 
hau ra ; — anenenene, a ka rahi 

Anewa, a. weak; listless. Kahore 
he iwi i te ngaunga a te ra; 
anewa noa ai, 

whakaanewanewa, v. i. act slowly 
and deliberately. "WHakaanewa- 
newa marire", e ki ana a Patete. 

Anini, (a) a. giddy; aching (of 
the head only). E anini ana 
taku upoko. 

Aniwaniwa, n. rainbow. 

aniwaniwa, a. black, like clouds 
in stormy weather, or like deep 
water. E whakaaniwaniwa mai 
ra te rangi. 

Ano, (a-6) ad. 1. up to the time 
spoken of; still; yet. E tupu 
mai nei ano (100). Kahore ano ; 
not yet. 2. again. Maranga atu, 
tohe mai ano (100). Korerotia 
ano kia rongo ai ahau. 3. also ; 
too. Ka tahuna te whare ki te 
ahi, me nga tangata ano i roto 
(46). 4. quite; Just; exactly. 
Ae; me koe na ano te ahua(62). 
Katahi ano ; now for the first 
time. With personal pronouns, 
self: with demonstratives, same. 
Nau ano i kawe mai i a koe ? (60) 
Ka whakatika mai o Taupo tira, 
ko te ara e haere mai ai, ko 
taua huarahi ano (149). 5. in- 
deed. E tika ana ano. — In af- 
firmations. Kahore he waka 
mou? He waka ano. 6. denot- 
ing admiration, and sometimes 
used interjectionally. Ano, me 
hepukepukewhenua(150). Koia 
ano! 7. as; as though; as it 
were. Ano ko Kopu ka puta 
ake i te pae nga karu o te maipi 
a te tangata ra (99). 8. and when 
for a no. 

Anu, (a) n. cold. Ka hauhau koe 

i te anu o waho (66). 
anuanu, a. offensive. E pa, neke 

atu; anuanu tahi ton. 
Anuhe, (a) n. a large caterpillar, 

the same as hotete. 
Anga, (a-a) n. derivative from a, 

see a, v. t. 
Anga, (a-a) v. i. 1. look or move 

in a certain direction. Katahi 

ano ka anga mai te tangata nei 

ki a au. 2. begin to do any- 

anga — Apiti. 

thing. Eatahi ka anga ki te 
tui i a ratou ika, 
• anga, n. 1. aspect. He anga ora 
tenei, e kore e roa ka tupu te 
kai. 2. cockle shell. 

anganga, u. aspect. He anganga 
ra, a suitity aspect. 

angaanga, n. head. Ka taha te 
patu i toua augaanga. Te papa 
o te anscaanga^ the skull. 

whakaanga, v. t. cause to turn 
i/i a re r (a I /I direction. 

whakaangaanga, v. i. debate with 
oneself. Te wahi i whakaan- 
gaanga ra tatou hei reira o ta- 
tou hoiho. 

Anganui, v. i. look directlij to- 
wards ; be right opposite. Kia 
anganui mai to korcro; speak 
directlif to me, 

Angangamate, n. back of the hand. 
riri ftiia i tua o te angangamate 
o te kapu o te ringa (145). 

Ang&ritS, n. a biyalve moUusk; 
the same as kokota. 

Angengi, n. a fish. 

Angi, (ft) n. 1. light air. "1. fra- 
grant smell. 

whakaangi, v. t. 1. approach 
stealthily. WHakaangia tonutia 
mai i muri, na kua man. 2. 
y/y, as a kite &c. ko tana mahi 
he whakaangi manu (57). 

Angi, {jk). 

angiang^ a 1. thin. He papa 
angiangi. 2. unencumbered. E 
whakaaro ana kia iti te kai, 
kia angiangi ai te poho o te 
tangata (166). 


£ haero koutou ki uta, kei 
man ki Tai-ki-tu, ka puhia, he 
angina (82). 

Angitixa, (fi) a. unsuccessful. 

Angoa, (i» ^ a. leauy wasted away. 
Ka angoa nga kiko, ko te anga 
anake tenei e tu nei. 

I. Ao, n, 1. daytime y as opposed 
to night. Ka wohrn <♦• t>'^, ka 

j wehea te ao (93). 2. world. 

I Na Papatuanuku i whakatupu 

I ake ana purapura, hei oranga 

\ mo ana uri i tenei ao tu roa (14). 

I 3. cloud. 

I ao, V. i. become light, Ao kau 
ano te ata (66). I te aonga ake, 
or simply, ao ake (100), on the 

I following day. 

II. Ao, V. t. take up by handfuls. 
Aohia nga paru ki te keto. Ao 

j taro; prepare beds of gravel for 
I taro. Kei te ao taro a Hori 

III. Ao. 

£ ao koa hoki ianei te mea i 

i rite ki te ika, ta te mea no te 

I \\i\\ ano tenei (155). 

Aohanga, n. 1 . a striped variety 

j of iV. Z. Jlax. 2. derivative 

from ao. See II. ao. 
Aonga, n. See under I. ao. 
AorSrS, n. a kind of garment. 
Apa, (a-A) n. 1. company of work- 
men. He apa matou no Hongi. 

Used also of persons under the 

iniluence of a familiar spirit. 

No te apa a Paraharaha a Hare. 

2. fold of a garment, apa-rua, 

of two folds or thicknesses ; double. 
Ap5hS, conj. // the case were that. 
ApSnoa, ad. until. Apanoa, a kia 

motu ano toku' kaki i runga i 

toku pihi. 
Ap&kiir&, n. dirge; lament. 
ApS.r§,ngi, n. 

Tuku tonu ma to aparangi, kia 

ora te noho, te matakitaki mai 

Ap&t&ri, V. t. carry ; bring. Nau 

hoki i apatari mai te taonga ki 

tenei wahi. 
ApebTra, n. the month of April. 
Apiapi, (a-l) a. close together; 

crowded. Apiapi tonu te noho 

te tangata. 
Apiti, (a) V. t. 1. put together; 

place side be side. Apitia nga 

kete kia kotahi te kauika. 2. 


apiti — ^ArSu. 

supplement anything deficient. 

He apiti nga riwai mo te poaka. 
apiti, n. 1. small bone of the arm ; 

radius. 2. cleft; narrow pass. 

3. curse. 
apiti, a, confined. 

He whare apiti; a steep-roofed 

Apo, (a-6) V. t. 1. gather together. 

Apohia nga otaota nei. 2. grasp; 


apoapo, V. i. roll together; ent- 

, angle. He mea apoapo e te 

T-zm-^^ Binu, takai atu, takai mai (11). 

Apo, n. dregs of shark oil. 

Apopo, (a) n. to-morrow. Mo apopo 

taua riri ai (92). 
Apoeo, (a) n. apple. 
Apii, (a) n. squall. Katahi ka 

tonoa ko te Apu hau, ko te 

Apu matangi (4). 
Apii, (S) 1. V. i. force oue^s way 

into the ground; burrow. Ko 

te waka, e apu ana, e keri ana. 

2. V. t. cram into the mouth ; 

gorge; glut. I apua te kai i 

hohoro ai te pan. 
apu, n. company of labourers. E 

mahi mai ra te apu. 
apuapu, u. 1. crammed; stuffed. 

Ka apuapu te waha i te kai. 
2. palatable. Apuapu marire 

te reka o te wai nei. 
Apiire, (a) n. bare patch. 
Apiiru, (a) V. t. 1. crowd one upon 

another. Kia takitahi, kaua e 

apurua mai. 2. shut up; sup- 
press. Kei kiia, i apurutia ki 

roto ki tona waha ana korero. 
Apiita. (a) a. at intervals; found 

only here and there. Ehara i te 

he aputa te he nei. engari, he 

Ara, (S-a) n. 1. tvay; path. I ma 

hea mai koia to koutou na ara 

i haere mai ai? (149) 

2. means of conveyance. Katahi 

ia ka haere ki te tiki ara mona 

i tona hungawai, homai ana ko 

Aotea hei waka mona (108). 
Ara, (a-a) V. i. rise ; rise up ; wake 

up. Kua ara to tamaiti. 
whakaara, v. t. rouse. Tikina a 

Tutanekai , whakaarahia mai 

whakaara, n. hostile party ; ma- 
rauding band. 
Ara. (a-a) ad. namely, in other 

words. E ki ana ahau ki te 

rangatira o tenei kainga, ara, ki 

a Tuma. 
Ara, (a-a) int. expressing surprise. 

Ka heua ake, ara! he tangata 

Ara, (a) i. e. a ra, and then. Ara 

ko taua mokai (96). 
Ara, (a-a) for era, plural of tera. 

See tera. 
Araara, n. a fish. 
Araarai. See arai. 
Arahi, (a-a) v. t. lead; conduct. 

He aha te utu mo te arahanga 

i a koutou. 
Arai, (a-ai) v. t. 1. screen. 2. keep 

off'; ward off. ^. block up. Araia 

te kuwaha kei puta te kuri ki 

araarai, frequentative, screen on 

every side. 
arai, n. screen ; veil; curtain ; 

Aranga, (a-a-a) v. i. 1. rise to the 

surface; appear. Ka aranga te 

taniwha. 2. become famous. Ka 

aranga i kona te rakau a Manaia 

whakaaranga, v. i. appear in a 

vision, or in second sight. Ka 

hara ta tangata, ka whakaaranga 

mai te atua. 
Arangi, (a-a) a. unsettled. Kei 

arangi tonu te tinana, arangi 

hoki nga whakaaro. 
Arataki, (a-a) v. t. lead; conduct. 

Ka aratakina ano e taua miro- 

miro (96). 
Arau, (a-) V. t. gather; lay hold 

arau — Aroakapa. 

of; entangle. Na te peka o te 
tutu i arau i makere ai taku 

arau, a. entangled. Ka hutia ake 
e Irawani taua aho, akuanei ka 
arau ki ta Maui (25). 

Arawhata, (Sra) n. ladder ; bridge. 

Are, (are) int. tv/iat.' Are! ka tohe 
koe ki a au? 

Are, (ar6). 

areare, a. overhanging; promi- 
nent. Areare ana tera te ihu o 
te tangata nei! 

2. excavated; cavernous. Ka 
areare te parenga o te tai. 

arearenga, n. concavity; hollow. 
Katahi ano ka kitea te tini ta- 
ngata e huna nei ki roto i te are- 
arenga o nga poho o Rangi raua 
ko Papa (4). 

Ar8r6, (a) n. 1. tongue. Ka nao- 
mia atu te tangata ra, ka tapa- 
hia te arero, ka motu (42). 2. 
upper point of a taiaha, can'cd 
in imitation of a human tongue. 

Arl, («-T) n. 11th day of the 
moon'^s age. 


whakaari, v. t. hold up to view. 
Tena whakaaria mai, kia kite au. 

AriS, (ari) V. i. be seen indistinctly ; 
appear. I aria ake i aku kanohi 
ko Hemi e haere ana. 

aria. n. 1. likeness; resemblance. 
2. imaginary presence connected 
with anything which one may 
have touched &c. and which 
therefore might serve as a medi- 
um to convey the effect of a charm 
to the person for whom it waa 

^ri&rifi, V. i. resemble. Ka ariaria 
tenei tangata ki a Witiwiti. 

Ariki, (a) n. 1. firstborn male or 
female in a family of note, hence, 
chief; priest. 

2. leader. Ki tc mau te ariki 
ka mau katoa te rere kakara. 

whakaariki, n. itivading army, 
I wai-ariki, hot .spring. 
I Arikiwi, n. a garment covered 
I with feathers of the kiwi or 

Arita, (a-) a. 1. burning with de- 
\ sire; eager. I titiro atu au, e 
arita touu ana ki te haere. 

2. irascible; easily offended. 
Katahi ano te tangata aritarita 
ko koe. 

Aro, (a-6) V. i. I. face; turn to- 
wards. WHai tonu atu i muri 
te aronga kautanga atu o to 
kuri ra (121). 2. have a certain 
direction. I aro mai i waho ra 
te waha o te tangata c karanga 
nei. 3. be inclined; be disposed. 
Ko wai i tohu ai, e tae mai tona 
aro ki te patu i aau? 4. attend 
to; favour. Korero noa atu, e 
kore ia e aro mai ki a au. 

aro, n. inclination. Kei a Te Ka- 
ranga ia te aro i mau ai. 

aroaro, n. face; front. Tahuri 
mai tou aroaro. 

whakaaro, v. t. think on ; con- 

whakaaro, n. thought; intention; 
opinion. Ka tupu te whakaaro 
i a Tawhirimatea kia tahuri mai 
ia ki te whawhai ki ona tua- 
kana (4). 

whakaaro-mahana, v. t come to 
assistance of E haere mai ana 
ki te whakaaromahana i a tatou. 

whakaaro-rangi, v. t. think on 
daily ; entertain affect ion for. Kna 
whakaarorangi noa ake te ngakau 
ki a Te Ponga (167). 

AroS, (ar6) v. i. be comprehended ; 
be laid hold of by the understand- 
ing. Te aroa ake i a au ; I do 
not understand it. 

&r6ar5a, a. 1. lonely. Te aroaroa 
, i a au i te kore tangata. 2. 
sorrouful; longing for absent 

AroSk&p&, (ar6) n. row; rank; 


Aroarotea — Ate. 

front rank. E kore ia e pai kia 
rere kau ki mua o te aroakapa 
te haka (167). 

Aroarotea , n. ivhite - breasted 
shag: a bird. 

Aroarowhaki, v. i. Jlap the wings. 
E aroarowhaki ana te parera. 
2. move the hand to and fro with 
the arms extended; a sign of 
grief &c. 

Aroha, n. 1. love for an absent 
relative or friend. A, ka ngaro 
atu ia ka noho a Tawhaki, ka 
ngan kino te aroha i a ia ki tana 
wahine raua ko tana kotiro (48). 
2. pity; compassion. Ka oho 
ake te aroha o NGatoro ki te ; 
waha te tangata, o te wahine, 

te tamariki, e aue ana e tangi 
ana (72). 

aroha, v. i, feel love or pify. Pass. 
arohaina, be the object of love &c. 

Arohi, (a) v. t. 1. recon?ioitre ; 
exami?ie. Kei te arohi i te pa 
kia kitea te wahi ngawari hei 
whakaekenga atu. 2. look for. 

1 hea koe e arohi kai ana man? 
arohirohi, v. i. turn round and 

Aronui, v. i. be right opposite. 
aronui, n. a finely woven mat 

with a deep ornamental border. 
Aropiri, V. i. cling; be attached. 

Kai whea te tan i aropiri ra ? 
Arotahi, v. i. look in one direction. 

E arotahi ana te whakiiaro o te 

Atu, (a-u) v. t. follow; pursue. 

Arumia te tahae. Sometimes used 

intransitively. E aru ana au i 

muri i o raua waewae ko Para- 

aruaru, v. t. 1. chase. 2. woo. 

Kei te aruaru wahine mana. 3. 

interrupt. Kia ata aruaru i te 

Ariihe, (a) n, edible fern-root being 

the root of pteris aquilina, var. 

esculenta. Rau aruhe; fronds 
of pteris aquilina. 

Ata, (ata) int. expressive of dis- 
gust, bah! Ata! te piro! 

Ata, (ata) n. 1. refected image. 
2. shadow. Ehara au i te ranga- 
tira, engari he ata au no te ta- 
ngata. 3. early morning. Ata 
po; before dawn. Ata hapara, 
or ata pongipongi; the time of 
dawn. Ata tu; just after sun- 
rise. Ata marama; moonlight. 

ataata, n. a large kind of peri- 

whakaata, n. mirror. 

Ata, (ata) a. true; only used as a 
form of assent. He ata, he ata. 

Ata, (ata) ad. 1. gently. Kia ata 
haere. 2. deliberately. 3. quite. 
Kihai i ata maoa te kai. 

Ataahiia, a. good; pleasant; 
beautiful. Ka titiro atu te ruruhi 
ra ki te ataahua mai o te wahine 
raka (164). 

Atae, (atae) a. how great. Atae 
te hoi tenei taurekareka! (168) 

Atamai, (at-) a. liberal. 

Atamai, (at-) v. i. behave contemptu- 
ously. Ehara te mahi a te ta- 
ngata ra ki te atamai ki a au. 

Atamira, (at-) n. 1. stage; plat- 
form. Ka piki raua ki to raua 
atamira (130). 2. a low stage 
on which a dead person is laid 
out, one end being elevated for 
the head. 

whakaatamlra, v. t. lay out on 
an atamira. Ka hemo te tupa- 
paku ka whakaatamiratia. 

Atarangi, (at-) n. shadow. Kua 
roa ke te atarangi o te tangata. 

Atarau, n. moon. Ka titi te ata- 
rau, marama tonu. 

Atariia, a. dimsighted. 

Atawhai, v. i. shew kindness ; be 
liberal. E atawhai ana a Te 
Porua ki a au. 

Ate, (a-e) n. 1. liver. 2. the seat 
of the affections ; heart. Tau o 

ateate — Aua, 


te ate ; an expression of endear- 
ment, used with reference to a 
child. Kai whea te tau o taku 
ate ? Te waha o te ate ; the pit 
of the stomach. 

ateate or ateatenga, u. calf of 
the leg. Ko Tumatauenga, i tu 
tonu i te ateatenga o toua whaea, 
o Papatuanuku (6). 

AtSa, (a-) a. 1. dear; free from 
obstruction. £ atea ana te 
whare, kahore he tangata o roto. 
2. out of the tvay. Tarakea atu 
nga otaota kia atea. 

At§t5, (a) V. t. 1. oppose; resist, 
Ki te atete i nga hoia hei noho 
TOO runga i ou whenua. 2. treat 
roughiy. Kaua e utuutua nga 
ki, e atetetia. 3. affront; in- 
sult. Ehara tenei i te atete i a 

Ati, n. a word used only in the 
names of tribes or clans. Te 
ati-awa; Te ati Hapai &c. off- 
spring ; descendants, compare 
aitanga under III. ai. NG&ti, 
probably a contraction from nga 
ati, as in Ngatimaru &c. 

Ati, (fi-I) conj. then. 

Ati, (5-1). 

atiati, v. t. drive away. 

Atiti, (a) V. i. wander, 

Atiutiu, (a) V. i. wander; stray. 

Ato, (5-6) V. t thatch. Atohia te 
whare rao te manuhiri. 

Atu, (&-ii) ad. 1. in a direction 
away from the speaker; away, 
£ ta, kawea atu tetehi wai moku 
(168). 2. used with adjectives 
to form a comparative. Rahi 
atu tana i taku. 

whakaatu, v. t. point out; shew. 
Ma wai e whakaatu mai te ara? 

Atua, (ft-tia) n. 1. god, applied 
also to any object of superstitious 
regard. 2. The moon at \b days 

Atua, (a-tia) ad. first. He aha 
koe te atua ai ki te whaereere, 

muri iho ka patu i nga pu- 

Atuapo, n. niggard; churl. Ka 
I kore e homai e koe akuanei, 
j heoi ano he ki maku ki a koe, 
I "Atuapo ! Atuapo I" kia whakama 
I ai koe. 
\ Atuhakona, n. a fish. 

Atiirere, n. a fish, highly prized. 
I He raokopuna na Mahaki, na 
I te tangata i whai nei ki te atu- 
! rere. 

Atut&hi, n. the star Canopus, also 
called autahi. 

AtiitS, (a) V. t. hustle; jostle. 

Au, (Su) n. 1. smoke. Ka puia 
aku kanohi i te au. 2. gall. 
3. cloud; mist; fog. 4. cu/Tent. 
E kore e puta te waka i te au. 
5. rapid. To au o kura-te-au 
(109). 6. whirlpool. Ka ka- 
whakina e te au kume, e te au 
rona, e te au hirere, hirere ki 
te po (112). 7. Te au te 
moana (21) midocean. 8. string; 
cord. Tuia ki runga ki te au 
kotahi. 9. large mat pin, ge- 
nerally made of bone or ivory. 

auau, n. basket of seed potatoes. 
Kia rua auau, ka kapi tc mara. 

auau, a. frcquentlif repeated. He 
korero auau. As adverb fre^ 

auau, V. t. lift, Maku anake e 
auau te hnnga taimaha na? 

whakaauau, v. t. smoke-, roast 
slightly. He mea wliakaauau noa 
te poaka, kaore i maoka. 

Au, pron. contracted from ahau, /. 

Au, a. 1. firm. Kia au te noho. 
2. sound (of sleep). Ko te po 
whakaau te moe (46). 

Au, V. i. hark. Ka kau te kuri 
ra, me te au haere (121). 

Au, a. certainly, a form of assent. 

Au, (a) 1. pron. 2nd person sing. 
combined with the prep. a. of 
thee. 2. plural of tdu. See tSu* 

I. Aua, II. a small fish; herring. 


Aua - whakaawarua. 

II. Aua or auaake, ad. / know 
not. 'Kei hea to koutou teina ?' 
*Aua, kaore matou i kite' (95). 
See also auara. 

m. Aua, ad. imperative, not. 
Aua koe e haere. 

IV. Aua, ad. far advanced-, far 
on; in point of distance. Gene- 
rally with mai or atu. Kua aua 
mai koe; you have come a long- 
way. Kei aua noa atu nga ta- 
ngata; the men are a great di- 
stance off. 

Auahi, n. smoke. 

Auaka, ad. do not; donU. 

Auara, ad. after a negative ques- 
tion, certainly there is &c. "Kaore 
he tangata o te tai hauauru e 
puta mai ana te ingoa ki konei ?" 
"Auara, e puta mai ana ano ko 
Marutuahu" (138). 

Auau. See under au. 

Aue, int. alas. 

aue, V. i. groan; make lamenta- 
tion; cry. E aue mai nei te 
tamaiti i te mataku. 

Auha, V. i. leap out of the water. 
Ka auha te ika. 

Auhaha, v. t. seek after. Ka au- 
haha noa ia ki tetahi kai mana. 

Auhoki, n. eddy. 

Ainake, ad. on the morrow. 

Aukaha, v. t. lash the rauawa, 
or bulwark, to the body of a 
canoe. Na ka oti tona waka te 
aukaha, ka toia ki te wai (120). 

aukaha, n. lashings which fasten 
the rauawa to the body of the 

Aukati, V. t. stop one's way ; pre- 
vent one from passing. 

Auki, (a) a. old. See uJki. 

Aumoe, a. at ease. Ka kanaenae 
nga kanohi, *kahore i te aumoe. 

Auporo, V. t. cut short; stop. Ko- 
tahi te tangata nana nei matou 
i auporo, ko Iharaira anake. 

Araki, 1. v. i. turn aside. Tatou 
ka auraki atu ki te kainga nei. 

2. V. t. do a thing in a hurry. 

Aua ra e aurakina. 
Aurara, v. i. 1. clutch; grasp. 

Aurara ke ou ringaringa ki ko- 

na ki te aha? 2. encroach. 
Aurei, n. the Srd day of the moon^s 

Aurere, v. i. 1. moan; groan. E 
aurere mai ra a Tairi. 2. sail. 
Ki J^arewa, aurerenga hipi. 

Auriuri, (a) a. free from tapu. Ka 
auriuri pea koe. 

Auru, V. t. 1 . break off; p luc up. 
Aurutia mai nga tarutaru. 2. 
throw away. 

Aurukowhao, n. 1. leakage from 
i the lashing holes of the rauawa 
of a canoe, hence 2. any trijl- 
! ing damage. 

I Auta, V. t. encroach upon; attack. 
Ka mate a Hongi, a auta ka 
auta, ko Te WHareumu. 

Autahi, n. the star Canopus. 

Autaia, (au) a. extraordinary; 

Autaki, a. round-about; circui- 
tous. He kupu autaki. — He ara 

Autane, n. a woman's brother-in- 

Autaua, n. one who announces 
the approach of a fighting party. 

Aute, n. 1. Broussonetia papyri- 
fera or paper mulberry. 2. band 
for the hair. 

Auwahine, n. sister-in-law of a 

Awa, (awa) n. 1. river. Kei ta- 
wahi ke te awa e tawharau 
ana mai a te Arawa (81). 2. 

awaawa, n. valley. 

Awakari or awakeri, n. ditch. 

A"wamate, n. ditch outside the 
palisading of a pa; moat, 

Awarua, n. ditch. 

whakaawarua, n. ditch inside the 
palisading of a pa. 

A wangawan ga — E. 


Awangawanga, (a-) a. tweasy in 
tn i/id ; disturbed. 

Awatea, n. (ao atea). 1. broad 
doijlight. Kua awatea, kua puta 
rawa te ra (47). 2. the middle 
of the day. 

Awe, (&-€) n. 1. soot. 2. long hairs 
on a dog's tail and rump. 

aweawe, a. far ojf^ out of reach. 
Aweawe ana nga rau o te rakau. 

Awe, (S-^) ad. (abbreriation of 
^ /. Kia awe tatou te 

Aweke, (a) a. 1. fter verse; ill- 
tempered. Ho aha tau ka aweke 
tonu? 2. slow; dawdli/tf^y with 
the notion of waywardness. Ka- 
tahi to aweke o tau haere. 

aweke, v. t. falsify ; misrepresent. 
£ kore au e angu ki te aweke 
korero maku. 

Aw§k5, (a) a. 1. old; ancient. 
He riri mo tenei kainga, mo 
korero; ko nga riri aweko o 
tawhiti, kauaka e korerotia. 2. 
knowing; understanding. Me te 
awcko haere tou au ki te hara- 
maitanga o toku papa. 

Awhft, {&-) n. I. gale; storm. 2. 
rain. Ka ua te awha. 

Awh&td, (i-) n. a fungus which 
is parasitic on a kind of cater- 
pillar, spho'ria Robertsii. 

Awhe, (&-«) V. t. 1. gather up 
into a heap. Awhea mai nga 

oneone. 2. surround; beset. Ka 

awhea mai e te hau o roto o te 

riu (153). 
awheawhe, v. t. set to work at a 

thing with a number of persons. 

Me awheawhe noa tena mahi ka 

awhe, V. i. pass round or behind, 

Ka awhe i tera taha. 
Awheo, n. halo. 
awheo, v. i. be surrounded by a 

halo. Ka awheo te mlirama ka 

Awheotau, v. i. be surrounded by 

a halo. 
Awheto, forawhato, see awhato. 
Awhi, (4-T) V. t. 1. embrace. 2. 

draw near to. Awhitia mai, kia 

piri, kia tata. 
awhiwhiwhi, v. i. approximate; 

Awhin&, (a-) v. t. assist; benefit. 

He awhina tangata anake te 

rangatiratanga o tenei mea o te 

tangata (12). 
Awhio, (a) v. i. go round about; 

wind. He ara awhio. 
awhio whio, n. whirlwind; whirl- 

Awhireinga, (ft-) v. t. embrace 

tn the region of .spirits. 
Awhitu, V. i. feel regret; feel 

hurt. £ awhitu ana toku ngakau 

ki nga kai kihai i nui mai ki 

a au. 


E, a particle used in forming 
certain tenses. When used alone i 
with a verb or adjective it makes | 
a future. E kore ranei e tae i 
mai ki konei? (189) In the case 
of numerals however the time 
is present. £ hia? How many 
are there? When the verb or 
adjective is followed by ana the 
action is in progress, or the con- 

dition temporary. Ko te ope 
ra, e mahi ana i te takaro, i te 
haka, i to waiata, i te ngahau 

U. E, prep, by of the agent and 
folloNving passives only. I nga- 
rea mai au e Paoa (187). 

III. E, int. 1. vocative, o. often 
used after as well as before a 
name. E Turi e! E Turi e! 


Ea — Emi. 

whakahokia ki uta (111). 2. 
calling attention. E ! ko Te Ka- 
hureremoa (144). 3. in poetry 
at the end of a line or stanza, 
without any particular meaning. 
Ka tau te tini o te Hakituri i 
tana tau e. 
Ea, V. i. 1. appear above water. 
Kia timu te tai ka ea ai nga 
toka gi runga. 2. be brought to 
land. Ka ea te kupenga ki ta- 
haki. 3. be produced, as a crop. 
4. be paid. Ka ea te utu. 5. 
be paid for. Kaore ano i ea 
toku kakahu. 6. be avenged. Ka 
ea te mate o Tuhuruhuru (62). 
7. be performed y as a religious 
ceremony. Ka ea te purenga 

whakaea, v. t. pay for. 

whakaeaea, y. t. lift or draw out 
of the water. Tukutukua i Ra- 
ngiaowhia ; whakaeaea i te Ma- 
maku (178). 

ES, int. expressing surprise. Ea! 
kua mate tau mokai (161). 

Eahua, see 

Eai, see II. ai. 

Eaoia, see III. ao. 

Ehake, ad. not. Ehake tenei ta- 
ngata. comp. ehsira. 

Ehara, (e) ad. I. not, stating non- 
identity, and followed by i. 
Ehara i te tikanga tangata (61). 
Ehara tenei kakahu i a au, this 
garment is not mine. — Ehara i 
te mea; it is not the case that. 
Sometimes with an ellipsis of 4 
te mea', as, Ehara maku nga 
moni. — Ehara i te hanga, per- 
haps for 'ehara i te hanga no a 
iho' ; It is no common thing, i. e. 
it is something extraordinary. 
Ehara is sometimes used alone 
in this sense. Ehara ano te 
haere o tera toa (60). 2. in 
animated narrative, without doubt-, 
sure enough. Tahi ano whaka- 

rerenga iho o tana meremere, 
ehara, kua mate (120). 

Ehea, plural of tehea, which. 

Ehi, int. well! Ehi! kua rite o 
maua hiahia (131). 

Ehia, or more correctly E hia. See 

Ehinu, pron. definitive plural. 
some. Kei hea ehinu o nga toki ? 

Ehu, (e-iij a. turbid. He wai ehu, 
he wai para-horo. 

ehu, V. i. 1. bale water out of a 
canoe. Ka ehua te wai o tona 
waka (111). 2. exhume, disin- 
ter (comp. hahu). No te ehunga 
i a Te Eke. 

Ei, int. in poetry at the end of a 
line or stanza. 

Eka, n. acre. 

Eke, (e-e) v. i. generally place 
oneself or be placed upon another 
object, and so 1. embark. [N'ga 
waka i eke mai ai o matou tu- 
puna ki tenei motu (69). 2. gel 
aground; come to land. Ka eke 
ki uta, ka kitea nuitia e nga 
tangata (57). 3. mount a horse 
&c. reach the summit of a moun- 
tain &c. Haere ana ratou, ka 
eke i runga i te puke (79). 4. 
be laid or cast upon, as blame, 
censure &c. Ka ekengia ahau 
e te kupu ; 1 am the subject of 
blame; — / am found fault with. 
5. come to be exercised over, as 
control, authority &c. He wha- 
kaaro nana, kei eke mai he ti- 
kanga ma te matua ki runga ki 
nga taonga i wehea mai mona. 
whakaeke, v. t. 1. place upon; 
load. Ka pau te tui te wha- 
kaeke ki te ngohi (179). 2. 
rush upon; attack. Tena wha- 
kaekea. — Ua whakaekeeke, light 
sprinkling rain. 
whakaeke, n. visitor; guest. Ko 
etahi rawhi ka pau ma nga wha- 
kaeke (185). 
Emi (e-ij or emiemi, v. i. 1. be 


emiemi — Hae. 


assembled \ be gathered together. 
Kua emiemi nga taugata ki te 
whare. 2. be ashamed. 

emiemi, n. a tree. 

whakaemi, v. t. gather together. 
Katahi ka whakaemia kia kite i 
te patunga o WHakaturia (64). 

£n&, (e) plural of tena. See tena. 

Ene, (^-6) T. t, l.Jlatter. He ene 
te korero a te tangata nei, ma 
wai e whakarongo atu? 2. en- 
deavour to obtain by Jlattery, 
coaxing &c. Kei te eneene kai 
mana. 3. eueene riri, provoke 
a quarrel. 

Enei, (£-) plural of tenei. See 

EDgaSng&, V. i. overJUnr. 

Engari, 1. it is better. Akuanei 
pea ka mate ko uu : engari pea 
mc haere noa atu au ki te kimi 
)7ft»^ ke atu hci oranga moku 
(119). 2. conj. but; but rather. 
Kci hopu toa ringa ki te aka 
taepa, engari kia mau ki te aka 
matua (48). 

I. Epa, ((^-u) V. 1. pell; throw 
anything at. lioa noa atu ratou 
c epaepa ana i a ia, kihai hoki 
i pa (16). 

I I. Epa, (C-i) n. 1 . boards plac- 
ed on edge under the end rafters 
of a maori house. 2. posts at 
the end of a maori house between 
the poupou and poutaahuhu, 3. 

objection ; hindrance. Kahore 
he epa mo tena. 

whakaepa, v. t. I. object to; hin- 
der, Kahore tatou i te tika e 
ahei ai i a tatou te whakaepaepa. 
2. conciliate; inJJuence; win over. 
Riro ana taku poaka hei wha- 
kaepaepa mo tj^^tohunga. — Me 
ata whakaepa; let him be made 
much of. 

Era, ((•) plural of tera. See tera. 

Erangi, the same as engari. See 

Erawd. See under rawe. 

Bro, («-6). 

whakaero, v. i. dwindle ; fall off; 
diminish. WHakaero ana te 
tangata, whakaero ana hoki te 

Etahi, plural of tetahi. See te- 

Ete (6-«). 

whakaete, v. t. force one's way 
&c. by pressing through a crowd. 
Ka whakaeteahe nohoangamona. 

Bti, (C-I) V. i. shrink; recoil. Ka 
eti taku kiri i konei. 

etleti, n. disgusting. 

Etia, a. how great. Etia tonu tou 
humariae! (164) 

Et6k5hinu, for ehinu, some. 

Ewa, (6-a). 

whakaewa, n. strings of a mat. 

Ewe, (€-6) n. 1. placenta or after- 
birth. 2. land of one'* s birth. 


I. Hft, n. 1. breath. 2. taste; Jin- 
vour. Kahore he ha o tena kai. 

ha, V. i. taste. Ka ha toku waha. 
whakaha, v. i. emit breath \ 

II. Ha, V. i. hesitate in speaking; 
be at a loss for words. Ha noa 
te waha o te tangata ra e! 

hShS, V. t. warn off by shouting. 
Ka liaharia mai e te katoa (51). ! 

H&, int. what! varying in signi- 
fication acording to the tone in 
which it is uttered. 

Haapa. n. harp. 

Hae au hS.hae, i. v. t. slit; la- 
cerate; tear. I haea toku e 
wai? ii. V. i. I. become detach- 
ed (longiiudinaWy). Notetaenga 
ki Tapuae, ka hahae nga ka- 
wainga o te ata. 2. loathe; hate. 


haehae — Hake. 

He whakatauki na Tuwhenua- 
kura, 'Ahakoa kai tahi, tera a 
roto te hahae ke ra'. 3. be en- 
vious. He aha koe ka hae nei 
ki te utu tera tangata? 

haehae, v. t. l.cul repeatedly. He 
tangi haehae ; a wailing accom- 
panied with cutting of the skin, 
as a sign of grief. 2. cut up. 
Tahuri haehaea te ika nei (152). 

hae, n. 1. fear or dislike inspired 
hy any object. Te hia ora o nga 
tangata noho i roto, i te hae 
mai te ngarara nei. 2. envy. 

whakahaehae, v. t. sea re -^ ff^igf*- 

Haeata, n. 1. dawn. Ka rere te 
haeata. 2. beam of light, enter- 
ing any dark place. Kei puta 
mai hoki te haeata o te awatea 
ki roto i te whare (13). 

haeatatanga, n. opening through 
which a beam of light comes. Ka 
titiro atu i te haeatatanga o te 
whatitoka (13). 

Haehae. See under hae. 

Haemata, v. t. cut up in an un- 
cooked state. Ka patua nga kuri ' 
e rua, kotahi i taona, kotahi i 
haematatia (112). 

Haere, v. i. 1 . come ; go ; depart. 
Kia kite au i te haerenga o Te 
Ngahue. Haere mai ; come to- 
wards the speaker. Haere atu; 
^oawayfrom the speaker. Haere 
mai is a common expression of 
welcome. 2. become. Ka haere 
ka momohangatia te manu ; birds 
are becoming scarce, pass, hae- 
rea, be travelled over. 

whakahaere, v. t. 1. cause to go; 
carry about. Kei te whakahaere 
a Puru i tana potiki. 2. explore ; j 
search for; go about to examine. 
Apopo matou haere ai ki te wha- 
kahaere kiekie. 3. conduct any 
business ; execute. Ki te korero 
iteata whakahaere (150). WHa- 

kahaere tikanga; direct; super- 
intend; govern. 

haereere, v. i. stroll; wander. 

Haere, n. a spirit supposed to 
reside in fragmentary rainbows 
on detached clouds. 

Haeroa, a. Ka keria te rua hae- 
roa, teruao te ngana(86). The 
rua haeroa was a hole dug in the 
ground in connection with in- 
cantations against one's enemies ; 
called also rua tap 6. 

Haha, v. t. 1. seek; look for. E 
haha ana au ki taku toki. 2. 
procure. I haria mai taua here 
e raua hei haha kai ma raua 

Haha, see under II. ha, 

Hahae, see under hae. 

Hahana, see under hana. 

Hahari, n. a shell fish. 

Hahau, see under hau. 

Hahi, n. church. 

Hahii, V. t. 1. disinter the bones 
of the dead before removing them 
to their final resting place. Ma 
wai e hahu te tupapaku? 2. 
search for. E hahu noa ana ia 
i tetahi kai ma tona puku. 3. 

Haika., n. anchor. 

HIka, n. jug; jar. 

Haka, n. Jmerican groundsel. 

Haka, v. i. 1. dance. Ka mea atu 
taua hunga, "Ehaka!" (65). 2. 
sing a song to be accompanied 
with a dance. Katahi ka hakaa 
e ratou, koiateneitaratouhaka. 

haka, n. 1. dance. 2. song, ac- 
companying a dance. 


hakahaka, a. short in stature; 
low. He maunga hakahaka. 

Hakaeameta, n. sacrament, 

Hakari, n. 1. gift; present, 2. 
entertainment; feast. 3. roe of 
a fish. 

Hake, a. humped; crooked. He 

Haker§ — HanenS. 


hake te tuara o te tamaiti. — E 
tama, whakarerea te rakau na, 
he hake. 

Hakere, a. stingy, 

hakere, v. t. grudge; stint. 

hakerekere , a. gloomy ; down- 
cast. Hakerekere ana te hine- i 
ngaro. I 

Hakihaki, n. 1. itch; skin disease. 
2. worn out mat. 

Hakiki, V. \:-be overbearing. Ka 
hakiki noa te tangata nei. 

Hakirara, a. idling ; trijling ; ///- [ 
i;!g. Te waha hakirara! 

H&kiri, i. v. t. hear indistinctly. 
Kahore i hakiritia e au te reo o I 
te tangata. ii. v. i. \ be heard , 
indistinctly or vaguely. I hakiri ' 
ano i a au taua korero. 2. make | 
itself felt slightly. Katahi ano 
ka roDgo ki te hakiri ika ki 
tana aho (117). 

H&k5, n. spoon. 

Hftkoakoa, n. a bird. 

H&kdko, a bent so as to form 
a hnllmr; concave. Ka hakoko 
te ringa o te tangata ra i tona 

HSk5r&, n. old man. 

H&kii, V. i. complain ; murmur. Te 
ai e tatou te haku ki tona ma- 

Pa--, hakua, be found fault with. 
V. kui ma nei, kauaka au e 

Hakuai, n. u bird, the same as 

Hakui, u. old woman. 

Hakiiku, v. t scrape. Hakukua 
te korari nei. 

Hakund, v. i. be deliberate; be 
careful. Hakuue marie ai, kaore 
(■ hohoro. 

I ! \. be consumed. Kua 

.i Hi kai i te poaka. 

Uama, 1. n. hammer. 2. v. t. 
strike with a hammer. 

H&m&m&, a. 1. open. Ko te ta- 
uiwha, kua hamama haere mai te 

waha (151). 2. vacant; exempt. 
Kei hea tcf Vahi o te ao i hama- 
ma i te raru? 

hamama, v. i. shout. I reira ka 
hamama te waha o te kuia raka 
ki te ki atu ki a ia (165). 

Hamaruru, a. shut in; confined. 
I ahua kino te tuuga o te whare 
nei i Takopa, he hamaruru. 

hamaniru, n. crutch of a ko or 
digging implement, 

£KmSm§, y. i. mutter. E hameme 
ana te turoro. 

H&miti, for hamuli. See hamuti. 

Hamoko, n. .spaces between the 
bundles of raupo in the walls of 
a maori building. 

H&mu, V. t. gather things that 
are thinly scattered; glean. Ka 
ongeonge nga kai ka hamu ai i 
nga puka. 

H&mtLmtl, T. i. 1. speak. Kihai 
hoki i hamumu atu te wahine 
ra (164). 2. mutter f make an 
indistinct .sound. Te mea e ha- 
mumumumu nei me te waha ta- 

HfimurS, v. i. be beforehand with 
others in eating. 

H&milti, n. human excrement. 

H&n& or hah&n&, v. i. .shine; 
glouf; give forth heat. Ka ha- 
hana te kapura nei. 

whakahana, v. t. hold up wea- 
pons &c. /// defance. Ka wha- 
kahana i nga patu, i nga pu, 
me te pukana. 

hanahana, n. garment smeared 
with rid ochre. 

H&nS, V. i. be confounded ; be si- 
lenced &c. a modern word, 

H&ndh&n§, n. rottenness. Ma te 
huhu, ma te popo, ma te hane- 
hane (5). 

HSnea, n. a small black mussel. 

haneanea, a. unpalatable. 

Han§n§, a. blowing gently. I ala 
hanene to haere mai o te hau ru. 
Compare anene. 



Hani — Hapai. 

I. Hani, n. a wooden weapon; 
the same as moipi and taiaka. 

II. Hani. 

hanihani, v. t. speak ill of; dis- 
parage. Kati ra te hanihani 
i ton hoa. 

Hanikiira, n. a shell-fish. 

Hanuere, n. January. 

Haniinii, v. i. be merged or swal- 
lotved up; be mixed. 

whakahanumi, v. t. jnix; cause 
to be swallowed tip. 

Hanga, y. t. make; build. Heri 
ano nga tohunga nana i hanga 
nga waka (69). Kei te hanga i 
te taiepa oneoue (19). \ 

hanga, n. work ; fabric ; thing : j 
property. Ehara i te hanga, it 
is no ordinary thing, so also ; 
Kihai i hanga ake tana wahine 
(196). I 

hangahanga, a. 1. frivolous; of\ 
no account. Hua noa he hanga- j 
hanga noa nga korero a tera, ' 
kaore, he tika tou ia. 2. spread- I 
ing over t,he ground. Ka hanga- 
hanga te tupu te kapana. j 

whakahangahanga, v. t. handle \ 
gently. He mea whakahan'ga- j 
hanga noa; nana noa i mate. 

Hangai, a. 1. opposite; confront- 
ing. Kia hangai mai tou kanohi. 
2. across; at right angles. Ha- 
ngai pu nga waewae. — He toki 
hangai, an adze. 

Hanganoa, n. small basket for 
cooked food. 

Hangarau, v. t. jest with ; befool. 
He aha tau i hangarau i a au? 

Hangareka, v. i. or t. jest; de- 
ceive. He hangareka kau te 
mahi a tenei tangata. 

Hangehange, a. quite dry. Ma- 
roke hangehange te waka i ru- 
nga i te kowhatu. 

hangehange, n. geniostoma li- 
gustrifolium ; a shrub. 

Hangere, a. half-full. He ha- 
ngere tenei kete. 

Hangi, n. native oven. 


hangohango, n. an implement for 
digging and for setting pota- 
toes &c. 

hangohango, v. t. dig. or plant 
with a hangohango. Kei te ha- 
ngohango riwai nga tangata o 
tenei kainga. 

Hangore, a. v)eak. 

Hangoro, a. slack; loose. Ha- 
ngoro noa taku pikau. 

Hangorungoru, a. hanging in 

Hangu, a. quiet; fiot talkative. 
He wahine hangu. 

Hanguru, a. chattering. Kaup,e 
hanguru, jaw chattering with 

Hao, V. t. 1. draw round so as to 
encompass fish &c. He hokinga 
mai no nga waka o jtona iwi i 
te hao kupenga ika (141). 2. 
catch in a net ; enclose. Me hao 
ki te kupenga. 3. grasp gree- 

hao, n. 1 . a basket in which cockles 
are collected. 2. a moderate- 
sized eel. 

Haona, n. horn. 

I. Hapa, V. i. 1. be passed over 
in the apportionment of anything. 
Tokorua nga tangata i hapa i te 
kai inaianei. 2. gone by. Ka 
hapa koe ki Ruatahuna ka puta 
mai nga pukapuka mou. 

II. Hapa, a. crooked. 
Hapa, n. supper. 

Hapai, i. v. t. 1. lift up; raise. 
Hapainga tera pito o te rakau. 
2. carry. E koro, hapainga nga 
toki nei (51). 3. begin a song, 
charm &c. Ka hapai ake i tana 
hiki ake mo tana ika kia maiangi 
ake (22). Pass, hapainga, */flr/. 
Huaki kau te ata, ka hapainga 
mai; kai rawa mai i te mania 

hapainga — Harau. 


(157). ii. V. i. rise. Ka hapai 
nga kawainga o te ata. 

hapainga, u. sintt// basket for food. 

Hapaki, v. t. catch lice. Hapaki 
ana te taokete i nga kutu o 
Maui (26). 

HSp&r&, i. v.t. slit; cut. Na Re- 
hua i hapara te whare. — I hapa- 
raia tonutia tona waewae. 

ii. V. i. daum. Ka hapara te 

hapara, n. spade. 

Haparangi, v. i. shout ; bawl. Ka 
haparangi te waha o te tama- 

l^p&ru, V. t. make common ; dese- 
crate. Ka haparua aku mea e 

HafatI, n. sabbath. 

H&p§, a. 1. crooked. I mohiotia 
ki te hape o te waewae (113). 
2. beside the point. Kahore i 
hape o korero; kei te tika o 
korero. ^ 

H&pi, n. native oven or cooking 
pit; hdngi. 

H&pird, n. violation of tapu by 
eating at a sacred place. He 
aha koe i mate ai ? He hapiro. 

H&pdki, n. pit for storing pota- 

H&pdk5, n. pit for glaring pota- 
toes. Kia rupeke te kai ki te 
hapoko (189). 

Il&pdri, n. section of a tribe; fa- 

HSpdr5, V. t cut off. Haporoa 
\v rakau ki konei. 

H&ptl, a. 1. pregnant, Ka kitea 
te haputanga o Rangiuru (128). 
2. conceived in the womb. Akua- 
nci whakapaea ai na Hotunui i 
tahae; na e hapu ana a Maru- 
tuahu (136). 

h&ptl, n. section oj a large tribe; 
xecondanj tribe. 

Hapua, a. hollow like a valley; 
depressed. Hoake tatou ki te 
wahi e liapua mai ra. 

Hapiiku, n. a fish resembling the 

I. H&ra, V. i. 1. violate tupu^ in- 
tentionally or otherwise. He 
hara tawhito i mate ai. Hence 
2. sin. 

II. Hara, u. crcess above a round 
number. Kotahi rau; e iwa nga 

whakahara or whakaharahara, 
a. large. 

III. Hara. 

harahara, v. i. be diminished. Ka 
harahara uga kai i roto i te rua. 

whakaharahara, v. t. cause lo be 
diminished; lessen. Kia whaka- 
liuraharangia te wai o te poti. 

H&r&k§k3, n. phormium te/m.r; 
the New Zealand flax plant. 

H&r&ki, a. preposferons; exira- 
orditiarif. a modern word. 

H&r&kiikii, v. t, scrape. Hara- 
kukutia nga harakeke. 

H&r&mai, v. i. (contraction of haere 
mai) come towards the speaker, 
often used aa an expression of 
welcome. Pass, haramaitia, he 
come for. Te korero i hara- 
maitia nei e ia; ./^ report on 
account of which tni^came. 

^Ur&ngi, a. 1. unsettled. 2. fool- 
ish ; sillt/. Ka harangi noa iho 
ona mahara. 

H&r&ngdtS, v. t. nibble. E hara- 
ngote ana te ika. 

H&r&p&ki, n. steep slope, as the 
side of a hill. 

H&r&rSkS, n. for harakeke] phor- 
mium ten ax. 

H&r&tau, a. convenient; suitable. 
Te mea noa ano ka haratau ma- 
rire ki te whakaaro a te wahine 

HSrau, v. t. 1 . feel for with the 
hand; grope for. E harau ana 
tc ngoingoi i te kai raana. 2. 
reach. Tenei tetuhi ki i harau 
ake ki aku taringa. 


Harehare — Hau. 

Harehare, n. cutaneous eruption', 

harehare, a. offensive. Katahi 

nga korero harehare nau : wha- 

karerea atu. 

I. Hari, V. i. 1. dance. 2. sing 
a song to dance to. 3. feel or 
shew gladness. 

hari, n. 1. dance. 2. song. S.j'oij. 
harihari, n. song to make people 
pull together. 

II. Hari, V. t. cari'y. Ka haere 
atu te koroheke ra ka hari i 
nga toki (51). 

Haria, n. wild cabbage. 

Harirau, n. wing. 

Haro, V. t. 1. scrape clean. He 
kai haro muka. — He kaupapa 
haro; a clean sweep. 2. chop 
smooth with an adze. Kei te ha- 
roa a roto o te waka. 3. of very 
low water at spring tide. Haro 
ana te tai nei. 

haronga, n. mat^ made of the 
scrapings of flax. 

Harore, n. edible fungus growing 
on ti-ees, or on the ground; 

Harori, n. edible fungus. 

Harotoroto, n. pond, pool. 

Haro til v. i. be reduced to shreds 
or tatters. 

Hariiru, v. i. rumble. He whati- 
tiri tenei e haruru mai nei. 

Harurii, a. fetid; foul smelling. 
Ka haruru te rongoa nei. 

Hatea, a. 1. faded; decolorized. 
Kua hatea te mangu o te kakahu. 
2. whitened f as with saline ef- 

Hatepe, v. t. cut asunder ; cut off. 
Hatepea nga pou o te whare. 

Hatete, n. Jire. 

I. Hau, n. 1. wind. Kihai te hau 
ra i roa rawa 6 pa ana, kua 
niutu(93). 1. dew; moisture. M^a. 
tahaki haere ai, i te hau i a koe. 

hau, a. 1. eager; brisk. Ka piki 
a Rupe, ka hau, ka porangi ki 

a Rehua (32). 2. famous; illus- 
trious. He ingoa hau tenei 
ingoa e karangatia mai nei ki 
te taringa (148). 

hauhau, a. cool. Ka hauhau koe 
i te anu o waho (66). 

hau, hahau, hauhau, v. t. 1. 
strike; smite; deal blows to. 
Hahau kau ana te patu, he mano 
ki te matenga (143).^, 2. hew; 
chop. Ka tuaina a te trawa, ka 
hinga ki raro; ka haua, a ka 
, oti (69). 

whakahau or whakahauhau, 
V. t. 1. animate; inspirit; urge 
on. Haere ra koe ki te wha- 
kahau i nga tangata. — Applied 
to a song. Katahi ka koia te 
mara, ko tona whakahauhau te- 
nei, 'NGaere te whakatipua &c' 
(114). 2. give order; give the 
word. Katahi ka tautapa te 
whakahauhau a te hunga e tu 
iho ra i te taumata. 'E! kua 
ngaro ki roto; kumea!' 

II. Hau. 

hahau, v. t. seek. Kihai i roa te 
hahautanga mai o nga tauhou, 
kua mohiotia mai, ko Paoa tera 

III. Hau, n. odd half fathom. E 
warn maro o taku taura me te hau. 

IV. Hau, n. angle; corner. Kei 
te hau te taiepa te ara. 

V. Hau, n. 1. food used in the 
ceremonies of the 'pure\ or re- 
mowal of tapu from a newly 
built house, canoe &c. In some 
cases the hau was eaten ; in others 
it was left entirely for the atua. 
Kia tae atu au ki te kawe atu i 
te hau tenei tanga ika; a kia tae 
atu ki te tohunga, kia whangaia 
ki te atua (22). 2. something 
connected with a person on 
whom it is intended to practise 
enchantment; such as a portion 
of his hair, a drop of his spittle, 
anything which has touched his 

Haua — HautopS. 


person &c., which, when taken 
to the *toAu/iga\ might serve as 
a connecting link between his 
incantations and their object. 

H^ua, a, 1. crippled; lame. Ka 
haua te waewae. 2. coward l;i ; 
without spirit. He iwi haua ma- 
tou; kahore i rapua he utu. 

Hauaitu, a. 1. starved with cold; 
pinched. He hauaitu to matou 
mate. 2. lean ; wasted. He kuri 
hauaitu. S. listless ; without heart. 
Ka hauhauaitu ahau, he pouri 
no roto i a au. 

Hauangi, a. cool. 

Hauar&hi, n. west wind. 

Hau&r§a,a. I. thin; lean. 2. irenk. 
3. cowardly. 

H&uatiu, n. north west wind. 

Hauaiiru, n. west wind. 

mea ana a Hongi, he haumi te- 

nei ki a ia. 
haiimi, v. t. 1 . join. 2. lengthen 

hij addition. 3. reserve; lay aside. 

Hoake rawa ka haumi i tetahi 

maku: — ka pau ra hoki. 
Haunui, n. dew. 
Haunga, a. odorous; stinking. 

He ngohi tenei e haunga mai 

haunga, n. odour. Kongo kau 

ano te tupua ra i te haunga ahua 

tangata (150). 
^[ungS,, ad. besides; not. E rua 

mano te tane ; haunga tc wahine, 

te tamariki. 
H&u6r&, a. revived. Kua hauora 

te tupapaku, kua maranga. 
whakahauora, v. revive; refresh. 
I. Haup&pa, n. frost; ice. 

H&uh&k3, V. t. take up a root II. H§,upapa, v. t. lie in wait for. 

crop. Hauhakea ana nga kai; 

te marangatanga mai, e warn 

nga rau (114). 
Hauhung&, n. frost. 
HSukdti, V. t. intercept ; cut off. 

Ka haukotia e te mate. — Haukoti 

i te aroaro, obstruct. 
haukoti, n. intercepting party. 
ka kokiritia e te haukoti 

.^ .. .vlia tekau. 
H&ukn, n. dew. 
H&umSktl, a. bedewed; wet. 
H&um&ruru, a. 1. languid. Ka 

hauraaruru nga kanohi i te mate. 

2. indifferent ; unconcerned. Me 

mutu i konei te haumaruru o 

matou ; me matakana nga kanohi 

i enei rangi e takoto nei. 
H&umSiiiiii, n. result of one's toil; 

Akuanci ka haupapatia tatou e 
te taua, 

H&up6ngi, n. eddy wind. 

H&upO, n. heap. 

haupu, i. V. t. place in a heap. 
i Haupuria nga makoi ki konei. 
I ii. V. i. lie in a heap. 
iH&ur&hi, n. dew. 

H&ur&ngi, a. 1. mad; 2. drunken, 

haurangi, n. verandah. 

H&ur&r5, a. low down. Me he 
mea no konei, he hauraro noa 
iho te kakahu o te weruweru 

H&ur5kur5kii, a. unsettled; un- 
certain. E haurokuroku ana to 
korero: he korero pai i tetahi 
rangi, he korero kino i tetahi. 

H&urutii, n. deuK See also under 

work accomplished. Te hauroauiui 
nga mea kua mate ; te hau- ! H&utS.i, n. .sponge. 
mauiui o nga mea kua riro i H&ut&ka, a. bedewed; wet. 
H&umi, n. 1. piece of wood by 
which the body of a canoe is 
lengthened. 2. joint by which 

the additional piece is fastened. H&utStS, v. i. jabber. 
3. confederacy ; conspiracy. E | H&ut6p8, v. t. cut asunder 

pea kei te hautaku a roto o te 

H&ut^rua, n. dew. 

H&ut&rilrii, a. unwary ; heedless. 


Hautu — whakahei. 

Hautu, n. time-beater for the row- 
ers in a canoe. 

Hauttimti. See under tumu. 

Hauware, n. saliva. 

Hauwere, a. hanging down; pen- 

Hawa, V. i. be chipped., be broken, 
Ka hawa te karaha nei i te ta- 

hawahawa, v. i. be smeared. E 
tama, e tama, hawahawa ana 
te hinu i ou kauwae. 

hawa or hawahawa, n. ventral 
fin of a fish. 

Hawai, n. fungus on trees. 

hawahawai, n. hillocks in which 
weeds are buried, and which are 
afterwards planted with pota- 

I. Haware, n. saliva. 
hawareware, a. full of saliva. 

E hawareware ana te mangai. 

II. Haware. 

hawareware, a. lean. He poaka 

Hawata, v. i. mutter. E hawata 
ana te tupapaku. 

Hawato, n. the same as awhato. 


whakahawea, v. t. 1. despise. E 
tika ana ano te whakahawea 
ki a ia, he tutua hoki ia. 2. 
disbelieve. E kore au e whaka- 
hawea ki tana korero. 

Hawera, n. place where the fern 
or bush has been destroyed by 

fre^ ^ 

Ha were, n. fruitful year. 

Hawiniwini, v. i. shiver with 
cold; shudder. 

Hawhe, v. i. go or come round. 
Kua hawhe katoa nga ika ki 

hawhe, n. some portion of a drag 

Hawhe, n. half 

He, art. a; an; some: both sin- 
gular and plural. 

He, a. 1. wrong. He rawa te mahi 

nei. 2. erring; mistaken. 3. 
in difficulty or trouble. Ka he 
toku manawa. / am out of breath. 
or / am out of heart, 4. dead. 

hehe, a. gone astray. 

pass, hengia, be mistaken for an- 
other. Kei hengia koe. 

he, n. 1. error; mistake. 2. dif- 

whakahe, v. t. 1* cause to go 
astray; mislead. Na te kuia 
ra matou i whakahe. 2. find 
fault with; condemn. 

I. Hea, n. interrogative. 1. what 
place. Ko hea te tangata ra? 
2. when repeated it signifies 
every place. Ka tukua nga pu- 
rahorua ki hea, ki hea, kia haere 
mai ki te whawhai (101). No 
hea is often used as a strong 
negative, like ^ \far from if ; not 
at all. Ka torn tekau tau i 
ako ai Pihopa; no hea ra e 
rongo e? 3. what time. A hea 
koe haere ai? 

II. Hea, n. multitude; majority. 
Tena ko te hea o te tangata, 
e kore e whakaae. 

heahea, a. foolish; silly. 
Hea, n. ploughshare. 
Heanga, n. derivative from he. 
See he. 

I. Hei, n. ornament for the neck. 
hei, V. wear round the neck. Heia 

ki tou kaki. 

II. Hei, prep, future. 1. at of 
time or place. Hei te po taua 
hoe ai (41). — Hei kona takoto 
ai. 2. for ; to, denoting the use 
to be made of anything &c. Ka 
pau nga pata kaanga hei kinaki 
mo te koura. — Ko wai tou ta- 
ngata hei tangi i a koe, hei 
ngaki hoki i tou mate? (40) 3. 
forming a future with the ne- 
gative adverb kaua. Kaua hei 
tiitu: whakatupu tangata (82). 

III. Hei, compare heipu. 
whakahei, v. t. go to meet. Ti- 

Heihei— Heoi. 


migrates ; 
2. rafter. 

kina whakaheitia a Te Whata- 
nui ki te ara. 

Heihei, n. 1. noise. TUtO. ana te 
heihei. 2. bar/t-r/oor fowl. 

Heinga, n. parent; ancestor. 

Heipil, a. 1. coming straight to- 
wards ; hitting exactly. Heipu 
tonu atu au ko taua mea e ta- 
koto ana. 2. Just; proper. Kei 
ou matua te take heipu. 

Heitiki, u. a greenstone ornament 
worn round the neck. 

H§k&, a. mouldy. Sua heka nga 
kao nei. 

WSk&y V. i. 1. descend. Ka kake 
matou; ka hekc. 2. ebb. Kia 
heke te tai ka haere ai tatou. 
3. drip. Ka heke te wai o te 
tSha. 4. migrate. A, whaka- 
tika ake a NGaliue, ka heke atu 
he whenua ke (68). 6. miss a 

heke, n. 1. one tvho 
party of emigrants, 
'l a kind of eel. 

whakaheke, v. t. 1. cause to de- 
scend &c. ; let down. 2. catch 
eels by means of a net att€U2h- 
ed to a weir. Ka riro a Te Iwi 
ma ki te whakaheke tuna. 

whakaheke, n. rope. 

whakahokeheke, a. striped. 

heketanga, n. descent of a hill. 

H§kemai, n. a kind of shark. 

HSkgrau, n. small tubers of ku- 
mara, striking into the grounds 
from the knots in the shoots. 

H3kgt&r&, n. a tree. 

HSk^tua, n. necessary stool. Ka 
lumgaa hoki o ia te heketua hei 
whakareinga mo ngatahae (35). 

H§m&ng&, n. basket half full. 

HSmihSmi, n. back of the head. 

Hdmo, V. i. \. be pa.ssed by; be 
gone away. 2. miss a mark. 
Ka hemo te patu a Huka. 3. 
consumed. Kua hemo nga kai 
o te rua. 3. be dead. Nona- 
nahi i hemo ai taku tamaiti. 

5. be faint. Ka hemo au i te 
kai, J am faint for wand of food ^ 
i. e. / am hungry. 6. denoting 
the completion of an action. Ka 
hemo te pakeha te muru. The 
white man has been plundered. 

whakahemo, i. v. t. consume, ii. 
V. i. be consumed. 

whakahemohemo, i. v. t. attend 
at the deathbed of any one. Kei \ 
te whakahemohemo a Te He- 
patahi i tana wahine. ii. t. i. 
be at the point of death. 

H^numi, V. i. be out of sight; 
disappear. Kua henumi nga uwhi 
ki raro ki the whenua. 

whakahenumi, v. t. cause to dis- 
appear &c. 

HSnga, n. 1. edge of the body of 
a canoe, to which the 'rauawa' 
is fastened. 2. food for a work- 
ing party, Kei te taka ratou 
i te henga. 

hengahenga, n. girl. 

hengahenga, a. quite dry. See 

Heng&, n. derivative from he. See 

HSngi or hShSngi, v. i. blow 
gently. Ano to matangi o he- 
hengi mai nei. 

whakahengi, v. i. move stealthily. 
E whakaliengi mai ana te ta- 
ngata ki a au. 

Hengia, n. black skin. 

H6ngia, v. pass, of he. See he. 

Heoi or h3oti, ad. 1. denoting 
completeness or sufficiency of 
a statement or enumeration, and 
generally having ano joined with 
it: there is no more; there are 
none other. Heoi ano nga to- 
hunga nana i hanga nga waka 
(69). These were all the skill- 
ed workmen &c. Heoi ra, that 
will do ; /'/ is enough. 2. imply- 
ing that what follows is the na- 
tural result of what has just 
been stated: accordingly; and 


Hepaea — Hia. 

so; so then; whereupon. Heoi 
ano, ka pouri te ngakau o Ta- 
ngaroamihi mo tana mokai ka 
mate nei (161). — Katahi ka pa 
te karanga, 'E! he taniwha, he 
taniwha e haere mai nei!' heoi 
ka whati te ope ra (150). 3. 
but; however. Ka mea ahau kia 
haere; ^eoi kahore he waka e 
whiti ai ahau ki tawahi. 

Hepaea, n. shepherd. 

Hepetema, n. September. 

I. Here, v. t. tie; tie up; fasten 
with cords. Tena, tatou ka here 
i te ra nei kia ata haere (18). 

lierehere, n. captive \ slave. 

II. Here, n. spear for killing birds. 
Haere mai ano raua me te here 
wero manu ano (137). 

here, v. t. kill birds with a spear. 

III. Here. 

whakahere, v. t. conciliate with 
a present. 

whakahere, n. present \ propitia- 
torij offering, compare where. 

Herepli, v. t. 1. seize; catch and 
hold Jirmbj. Hereputia tonutia 
atu e au, te! ka man. 2. tie 
up in bundles. Hereputia nga 
witi na. 

Herengutu, a. without projecting 

Hereumii, n. cooking shed; kit- 
chen, compare whareumu. 

I. Herii, n. comb for the hair. 
Hei heru tetahi taha o te iwi 

heru, V. t. comb; dress with a comb. 
Ka tuturi nga turi ki tana wai 
heru (55). 

II. Herii, v. i. begin to Jtow (of 
the tide only). Kei te aha te 
tai? Katahi ano ka heru mai. 

Heu, n. eaves. Perea atu ana, 
ehara, titi tonu ki nga heu o te 
whare (81). 

Heu, heheu, v. t. separate; pull 
asunder. Ka rere mai taua tu- 

puna nei, ka heua ake, ara ! he 
tangata (11). 

heuheu, i. v. i. scatter; clear 
away. Heuheutia nga otaota i 
roto i te whare. ii. v. i. be dis- 
persed. Akuanei heuheu ai nga 
tangata ki te mahi. 

Heu, v. t. shave. 

HEU, n. razor. 

Heuea, v. i. be separated. Ka 
heuea te po, ka heuea te ao (4). 

I. Hewa, V. i. be deluded; be un- 
der a false impression. Kia hewa 
ai nga ho a na te taua i kai 
(94). ^ 

II. Hewa, a. bald. He mahunga 

I. HI, int. expressing contempt. 
whakahi or whakahihi, v. i. 

jeer ; sneer ; speak contemptuously. 
Ko wai tenei e whakahihi mai 

II. Hi or hihi, v. i. 1. ?nake a 
hissing noise. 2. be affected 
with diarrhwa. 

whakahihi, v. t. cause to hiss. 

III. Hi, i. V. t. 1. raise; draw up. 
Ka hiia tera nga nana o te ta- 
ngata ra, ka riri. 2. catch with 
hook and line ; fish. Ka rewa 
te waka o ona tuakaua ki te 
hi ika (20). ii. v. i. dawn. Ka 
hi te ata (55). See also hihi. 

I. Hia, a. interrogative numeral. 
how many ? Kia hia he tangata 
mo runga i te waka? When 
used with reference to persons 
it generally has 'toko^ prefixed. 
Tokohia ouhoa? — Te hia? PFhich 
in order? — Kihai i hia nga ra 
ka u matou ki Poneke. There 
were not many days &c. 

II. Hia, hiahia, v. t. 1. desire; 
wish. E hiahia ana ahau ki te 
haere. 2. be in love ivith. Otira 
ko Te Ponga, kua hiahia rawa 
hoki ki te wahine ra (167). 

III. Hia, ad. 2vilh difficulty. Te 
hia puta mai o korua i te tai ki. 

Hiainii — hiko. 


Hiainii, a. tkirshf. Ka mate a 
Te Ponga i te hiainu (168). 

Hiakai, a. hungry. 

hiakaitia, v. passive, he desired 
fur food. E kore tena kai e 

Hiako, n. skin', bark; rind. 

Hiamd, v. i. be exalted; be ele- 
vated. Hiamo ana tera te pa 
ra ki runga. Comp. huamo. 

Hiamoe, a, drowsy; sleepy. 

Hlanga, a. vicious; refractory; 

hiangatia, v. passive, be impo.sed 
upon. Kua hiangatia ahau e te 
kai hoko. 

Hiangdngo, v. i. pine away. Ka 
koa ra, ka kite atu hoki i te 
whakahiangongo o tona ngakau 

HIapo, v. i. be gathered together. 

Hiato, V. i. be gathered together. 

whakahiato, v. t. collect together. 

Hiawaero or Hiawero, n. fail of 
an animal. 

Hihi, n. ray of the sun. Comp. 

I. Hik&, n. a term of address to 
young people of both sexes. E 
hika el 

If. HikS, V. t. 1. rub violently. 
2. kindle fire by rubbing two 
pieces of wood together. Hikaia 
he ahi ma tatou. 3. perform 
a ceremony with incantations, 
kindling fire being' part of the 
ceremony. Ka hikaia ki runga 
ki tona huware kia mate ai ia. 

hikahika, i. v. t. rub ; chafe, Ta- 
ngohia ake ana te iwa o nga 
kumara hei hikahikanga i te 
ngao o Tutawa-whanau-moana 
(112). ii. V. i. chafe. Ka haere, 
ka hikahika te tamaiti 

Hikaikai, v. i. 1. move the feet 
In and fro. 2. writhe. Kia rore 
i tc karaka ka hikaikai te ta- 
ngata. .'5. be impatient. Ki te 

ki mai koe kia riri taua, ka 
hikaikai au ki tena mahi. 
HIkaka, a. rash. Kaua e hika- 

katia to haere. 
Hikaro, v. t. pick out. Kikarohia 
te rakau nei i roto i toku wae- 
wae. — Hikarohia nga mea ra- 
rahi o nga kai na. 

Hiki, i. V. t. lift up; carry ; nurse. 

I Kei hea te kai hiki o te ta- 

I maiti nei? 

ii. V. i. \. get up; start, Ki 

I te hiki tetahi o konei i te ara, 

1 ka mau taura a Henare hei here. 

j 2. fump or leap involuntarily. 

' I hiki taku karakia (28). .% 
charm was imperfect — skipped. 
Ka hiki taku poho. My heart 
leaps up, as when one is startled 
or goes into cold water. — Kia 
hiki te tapuae, spoken of early 
dawn when one can just see 
where one is going to tread. 
hikihiki, v. t. carry about in the 
arms; nurse. 

1 hiki, n. charm for raising fish &c. 

I Kaore ano i ata mutu noa to 
karakia whakaongaonga, o wha- 
kahua ana i te hiki (158). 

Hikir&ngi, v. i. be unsettled. Tera 
e reka te uoho o te tangata e 
hikirangi ana mo te haere? 

EHDLd, V. i. 1. move in a random 
way. Kia rite te haere: kaua 
tetahi e hiko ki mua. 2. stir 
as birds at daylight. E hiko ana 
te manu i te ata, ka whakatika 
maua ka haere. 3. stretch out 
the hand at random. Hiko tou 
te tangata ra ki nga ngarehu, 
apuatanga. 4. begin to strme^ 
dawn. Kei Turuturu ka hiko 
te ata i a maua. 
Pass, hikoia, be shone upon. Hi- 
koia c te awatxja, ano he pou- 
namu kei nga'^kampango e ti- 
tiwha ana (159). 

i hiko, n. distant lightning. Ara 

I te hiko e kowha mai ra. 

hihiko — whakahirahir a. 

hihiko, V. i. move quickly, be stre- 
nuous. Kia hihiko te haere. 

Hikoi, V. i. step. Te kaha te hi- 
koi te tangata. 

Hikoko, a. wasted; starved. Ka 
hikoko nga tamariki a Taunaha. 

nikii, n. 1. tail of a fish or rep- 
tile. Oraora kau ana ko te hiku 
kau (160). 2. rear of an army 
on march, or of a company of 
travellers. Taihoa, kia tapeke 
mai te hiku. 3. tip of a leaf 
&c., point. 

Hikiipeke, v. i. he shortened so 
as not to hang down low. Pu- 
korukorua kia hikupeke ton ki 

Hikutau, n. head of a valley or 
river. WHaia ana e maua, a kei 
te hikutau o te wai nei ka mau. 

Himii. n. hip-bone (for hnmu). 

StiQA, n. grey hairs. 

hina, a. having- grey hairs. 

Hinaki, n. basket for catching eels; 

Hinakipouri, a. quite dark. Ka 
hinakipouri, ka huaki. 

Hinamoe, a. sleepy. 

Hinamoki, n. a kind of rat. 

Hlnana, a. staring angrily; look- 
ing fierce (spoken of the eyes 
or eyebrows). Hinana ana nga 
kanohi o Rewa. — Hinana ana 
nga kape. 

Hinapouri, a. 1. very dark. 2. 
very sad. 

Hinatore, v. i. twinkle; glow with 
an unsteady light, 

hinatore, n. 1. any phosphores- 
cent substance. 2. young shoots 
of a species of toetoe. Ka te 
hinatore i wero toku waewae. 

Hinau, n. elceocarpus dentatus] a 

Hine, n. girl. Generally used 
only in addressing a girl or 
young woman. E hine! 

Hinekorako, n. a spirit suppos- 
ed to reside in lunar rainbows. 

Hinengaro, n. 1. some portion 
of the intestines. 2, seat of 
the thoughts and feeling ; heart. 
E kitea koia nga whakaaro o 
te hinengaro ? 

Hinu, n. 1. oil\ fat. 2. game 
such as pigeons, rats &c. pre- 
served in their own fat. 

Hinga, V. i. 1. fall from an erect 
position. Nau koe i hinga ai. 
2. lean. 

Pass, hingaia, be fallen upon. 
Kei hingaia koe e te rakau. 

hingahinga, v. i. fall in number s^ 
as on a battlefield &c. 

hingahinga, n. slaughter of num- 

hihinga, v. i. fall in numbers. 

whakahinga, v. t. cause to fall. 
from an erect position. 

Hingongi, n. a variety of potato. 

Hioi, n. 1. mentha Cunninghami, 
a plant. 2. anthus Novce Ze- 
landiWf a bird. 

Ilipa, V. i. 1. start aside. I hipa 
koe ki tahaki i ora ai. 2. pass on 
one side. Hipa ke atu, hipa 
ke mai, kahore i kitea. 3. ex- 
ceed in length; surpass. Ka hipa 
ke tenei rakau; kotia iho. 

whakahipa, v. t. turn aside. So- 
metimes with a refl.ective sig- 
nification. WHahahipa ki taha- 
ki, kei mau koe. 

whakahipa, n. head; hair of the 

whakahipahipa, a. in^egular; of 
different lengths or heights. He 
taiepa whakahipahipa. 

HiPi, n. 1. sheep. 2. ship. Ho- 
rahia te titiro whakawaho ki 
karewa, aurerenga hipi. 

Hipoki, V. t. cover. Hipokina ki 
te kakahu. 

hipoki, n. covering. 

I. Hira, a. numerous. 

hira, n. multitude. Katahi au ka 
kite i te hira o te tangata. 

whakahirahira, v. t. extol; mag- 

Hira — Hoa. 


nify io depreciation of others. 
Sometimes used reflectively; 
extoi oneself. Ehara te wha- 
kahirahira o te tangata ra; ka- 
tahi matou nei ka rongo i ena 

II. Hira. 

hihira, a. shy ; suspicious. Ka 
hi hira an ki tena ara, kei mate au. 

HIrau, V. t. entangle; trip up. 
He aha i hirautia nei e koe 
toku waewae? 

hirau, n. paddle, 

Hiraw§r&w§, a. irksome \ painful. 
Hirawcrawe ana te whatinga o 
toku ringaringa. 

Hirea, a. indistinct. Rongo hi- 
rearea ake ahau ki te tangata 
e karanga mai nei. 

hirearea, a. indistinct sound.^ Na! 
te hirearea waha tangata ^ mea 

Hirero, v. i. gush; spirt. 


hihiri, a. 1. lahorious; energptic; 
assiduous. Hihiri mauie ^oe 
ki te haramai i roto i te mara- 
ngai. 2. laborious ; requiring 
eji^rtion. Katahi te hihiri i a 
au ki te hacre ki reira! Pfhat 
work I shall have &c. 

hirihiri, v. t. repeat charms over 
a person, with the view of im- 
parting energy. Ka hirihiria 
atu ki te kauhou o Houmai- 
tawhiti (127). 

whakahirihiri, i. v. t. assist; re- 
lirre. He kore tangata hei whaka- 
hirihiri to riro ai te peke pa- 
raoa. ii. v. i. rely; lean. Ka- 
hore i pai ki a au, whakahi- 
hiri ke ki a Te Kani. 

HtrI, n. seal. 

HiKlwA, n. silver. 

Hiroki, a. thin; lean. 

Hirdri, v. i. stagger. Hirori ana 
nga waewae i te tairaaha o te 

Hit&ri, n. sieve. 

iHltau, n. .vwfl//wifl/ for the waist; 

i Hitawetawe, a. very long. Hi- 
I tawetawe ana te roa o to ta- 

Hiteki, v. i. hop. Hiteki atu ki ko. 
I Hitoko, v. i. hop. 

Hiwa, a. watchful; wakeful. Kia 
hiwal kia hiwa! 

Hiwai, n. potato. 

Hiwaiwaka ) a species of rhi- 

Hiwakawaka ( pidura; a bird. 

Hiweka, a. hanging. 

whEikahiweka, v. t. hang up. Te 
mea nai whakahiwekaa. (R.) 

Hiwi, n. 1. ridge of a hill. Tena 
a Matete te oma ua i runga i 
nga liiwi. 2. beaten track. Ka 
haere matou i ro ngahere, a 
puta atu matou ki te hiwi. 

hiwihiwi, a fish. 

Hiwi, V. t. jerk a fishing line bo 
as to hook the fish. 

I. Ho, V. used only in the com- 
pound forms, hoake, homai, 

II. HO, V. i. put out the lips; pout; 
a mark of derision. Ho ana 
nga ngutu. 2. shout. Hcoi, ka 
tangi i kouei to ho a te iti, a 
te rahi (160). 

h5h.O, V. i. 1. drop; trickle. Hoho 
ana te toto. 2. speak angrily; 
i say 'hoho'! 3. grin. 

III. Ho, n. hoe; spade. 

I. Hoa, u. friend; mate; compa- 
nion. Ko taku hoa koia tau e 
patai mai na? (147) 

hoahoa, n. spouse, used also of 
two women, wives of the same 
husband. Ka owha mai te wa- 
hine ra ki tana hoahoa (187). 

whakahoa, v. t. make a compa- 
nion of; associate with. 

II. Hoa, V. t. 1. aim a hUnr at 
by throwing. Hoaina ki iQ 
kowhatu. 2. charm the ground 
over which one is about to pass. 
To kaha ia te whai i taua ta- 


Hoake — hokai. 

ngata, katahi ka karangatia ki 
tana wahine hei hoa i ona ta- 
puwae (119). 3. utter incan- 
tations for the above purpose. 
Katahi ka hoaia e Tamure ki 

': Ve paepae o tona whare (172). 

Hoake, i. v. t. give or bring to 
some place connected with the 
speaker but in which he is not 
at the time of speaking, ii. v. i. 
go on. 

Hoanga, n. a kind of stone used 
as a grindstone or ivhetstone. 

HoARi, n. sword. 

Hoariri, n. enemy. 

Hoata, n. 1. long spear. 2. third 
day of the mooti's age. E ! ka 
ara te marama, he hoata (55). 

Hoatu, i. V. t. give away from 
the speaker, pass, hoatu. Ka 
tae te tangata ra ki tana taureka- 
reka ka hoatu hei utu mo te 
ruahine ra (49). ii. v. i. move 
on in a direction away from 
the speaker. 

Hoe, V. t. 1. push away with the 
hand. Tona panga atu ki a ia 
ka hoea mai. — He ringa hoea; 
a suitor whose addresses have not 
been accepted. 2. paddle; row. 
Ka rewa ki te moana, ka utaina, 
hokowhitu ki runga, katahi ka 
hoea (56). 3. hence intransi- 
tively travel in a boat or canoe; 
make a voyage. Hei te po taua 
hoe ai kei kitea taua e te ta- 
ngata whenua (41). 

hoe, n. paddle; oar. 

hoehoe, v. t. 1. toss about; scat- 
ter. 2. paddle about; make re- 
peated trips in a boat or canoe. 
He hoehoe waka te mahi a nga 
tamariki nei. 3. convey in a 
boat or canoe, making repeated 
trips. Kei te hoehoea nga hanga 
a te pakeha ki uta. 

whakahoe, v. t. reject; shew in- 
difference to. 

Hoha, a. 1. wearied with expec- 

tation, importunity, anxiety &c. 
Ka hoha au i tau mahi wha- 
katoi. 2. wearisome. He mahi 
hoha tenei. 

Hohehohe, a. wrinkled with laugh- 
ter. Hohehohe ana nga papari- 
nga NGapuhi ki a koe. (Com- 
pare ngohengohe). 

Hohoeka, n. panax longissimum; 
a tree. 

Hohonii, see under honu. 

Hohoro, see under horo. 

I. Hoi, n. 1. lobe of the ear. 2. 
gusset of a garment. 

II. Hoi, a. I. far off; distant. Ka 
titiro atu te rangatira o te pa 
nei ki tana kotiro ka hoi noa 
atu (170). 2. deaf; obstinate. 
NGare noa, kihai hoki i rongo ; 
ka hoi a Te Kahureremoa (143). 

hoihoi, a. deafening; noisy. Hoi- 
hoi tahi koutou! f^^hat a noise 
you make I 

HoiA, n. 1. soldier. 2. saivyer. 

HoiHo, n. horse. 

Hoiki, a. diminishing in size up- 
wards; tapering. Ka hoiki tonu 
te upoko. 

Hoka, a. projecting sharply up- 
I wards; pointed. Ka hoka te 
kapua, of points of cloud pro- 
jecting upwards from a bank 
in the horizon. He hoka te 
whare ; the house is steep-roofed. 

hoka, V. t. take on the point of 
a fork &c. Ka kai te tangata 
tapu, he mea hoka ki te rakau 
tana kai ; e kore e totoro tona 

hoka, n. screen made of branches 
stuck into the ground. Ka riro 
ki te hanga hoka manu. 

Hokai, a. 1. spread out; extend- 
ed. Ka hokai nga wg^wae o 
Ruru ki te rere. — Kia kokai te 
haere! Step out! 2. far apart. 
He hokai te ono o te taro. 

hokai, n. 1. large feathers of the 
wing. 2. brace; stay. 3. breadth. 

hokaikai — Hongere. 


hokaikai, v. i. move backwards 
and forwards. Ko nga waewae 
anakc te hokaikai ana. 

Hokaka, v. t. desire. 

H5kari, i. v. i. stretch out one's 
legs. ii. V. t. move by stretch- 
ing out the legs. E tama! he 
aha e hokaritia na e koe uga 
kakahu : 

Hokehokea, a. out of patience. 
Roa noa atu e whanga ana ki 
a koe, a, kokehokea noa i te 

H6k§ke, a. obstinate, churlish. 

I. Hoki, V. i. return. Tatou ka 
hoki ki te kftinga. Pass, hokia, 
be returned for or to. Hokia 
ta tatou hoe ka mahue atu ra. 

hoki, n. restorative charm for a 
Rick person, blighted crops &c. 

hokihoki, v. i. return frequenthj. 

whakahoki, v. t. 1. ////// back\ 
eause to return. 2. give back. 
whakahoki kupu; answer. 

II. H5ki, ad. or conj. 1. also, 
Ka haere hoki ahau. 2. for; 
because. Ka noho ia ki raro, 
ka pouri hoki ia ki a ia c ka- 
taina ana e te tini o te Ati- 
hapai (39). — Ina hoki, as may 
be in/erred from the fact that ; 

for. Ina hoki ka ngaro noa 
iho nga tira haere atu o reira 
ki Rotorua (166). 3. to give 
emphasis to an assent or affir- 
mation &c. Ae: me noho hoki 
ra koe (120). — Ko wai tena ta- 
ngata? Aua hoki: he tauhou 
ia (133). 

H0ki6, V. i. descend. Ka taea a 
runga o te maunga nci, ka ho- 
kio atu ki raro. 

HOkioi, n. a bird; the same as 

I. H5kd, V. t. exchange; barter; 
but/; sell. I hokona tona ka- 
kahu ki te poaka. 

hoko, n. merchandise. He hoko 
tenei ka u. 

hohoko or hokohoko, v. i. traf- 
fic; trade. 

IF. Hoko, a prefix to numerals 
signifying ten times the sub- 
joined numeral. Hokotahi; ten. 
! Hokotoru, thirty. 

Hokomirimiri, v. t. stroke; pat. 
Heoi ano; tau ware atu nga 
ringaringa ki runga i te pane 
hokomirimiri ai (159). 

Homai, v. t. give to the person 
speaking; bring. Ka mea atu 
a Hoturapa, Homai hoki ki a 
au 009). 

HSmiromird, n. petroica toitoi; 
a bird. 

H6n§, V. t. plunder; appropriate 
the propertji uf others. No te 
hone matou katoa. 

H6n§a, v. i. 1. be absent. Kahore 
ahau kia whai iwi i te honea- 
tanga o nga tangata i liaere 
mai ai ahau. 2. escape. Kahore 
a Te Kooti i mau i a matou; 
i honea touu. 


hdhdni, v. t. 1. bite; wound 
slightly. I hohoni kau te raa- 
tii, kihai i ngoto. 2, devour; 
consume. Ka honia e.te mate. 

HoNi, n. honey. 

HOni&, ad. intensifying mangere. 
Ko nga herehcre o konei, he 
mangere honia ki tehanga whare, 
ki te hanga pa. 

H6nd, V. t. 1. splice; join. 2. 

hono, a. continual. 

H6noh6n6a, v. i. be vexed; be 
annoyed. No reira ka hono- 
honoa ahau. 

HonOric, n. honour. 

Hdnii, n. fresh water. 

hOhonu, a. deep. He wai hohonu 

H5ng&, V. t. tilt; make to lean 
on one side. Hongaia mai te 
waka kei eke ki te tahuna. 

Hongere, n. channel. 


HcSngi — Horo. 

Hongi, V. t. 1. smell; sniff. 2. 

salute by touching noses. 
Hopara, n. bellii. Ka ngaro ano 

ki roto ki te hopara nui a Toi- 

tehuatahi (107). 
Hope, n. loins; ivaisl. To nga 

hope te wai. 
Hopekiwi, n. potato pit. 
Hopetea, n. a shell-fish. 
Hop], n. soap. 

I. Hopi, n. native oven; hdngi. 
E kougange ana te hopi. 

II. Hopi or Hopipi, v. i. be /er- 
rijied\ be fainthearted. 

Hopo and hopohopo, a. fearful; 

apprehensive ; overawed. Na ko- 

nei ano toku ngakau i hopo 

ake ai. 
whakaliopo, v. t. alann. 
Hopu, y. t. 1 . catch ; seize. Nana 

i hopu te mataika. 2. snatch. 
hopuhopu, V. t. catch frequently ; 

catch one after another. 
hopuhopu, n. porpoise. 
Hopu, V. i. be swollen, like a 

Hopiia, a. 1. depressed, like a 

cup or trough. 2. lying in 

pools. Ka hopua te wai i te 

Hora, V. t. spread out; expand. 

Ko te hoi-ahanga ki reira o Huna- 

kiko, ka matakitakina (113). 
hora, a. scattered about. Titiro 

ki te tangata e hora ana ki ta- 


Horapa, a. disseminated through,, 

I. Hore, ad. (generally used with 
rawa, emphatically) not. Hore 
rawa, not at all. Compare 

II. Hore or hohore, v. t. peel; 
strip off. Horehorea te hiako. 

hore, n. burial place under tapu. 
I. Hori, V. t. cut a piece out of 

the ear. Horia te taringa o te 


II. Hori, V. i. be gone bi/. Kua 
hori atu aua tangata inakuara. 

III. Hori or horihori, a. false; 

hori, V. t. 1. speak falselij. He 
aha tau e horihori? 2. mistake; 
misjudge. Ka hori a Tawhaki, 
he wahine no tenei ao ano (48). 

whakahori, v. t. disbelieve. E 
kore e whakahoria to korero. 

Horirerire, n. gerygone flaviven- 
tris, a small bird, the same as 
riroriro. I whea koe i te ta- 
ngihanga o te horirerire, ka 
tanu ai i tetahi kawei hue mau? 

I. Horo, i. V. i. 1. fall in frag- 
ments; crumble down. Ka horo 
te pari ki te moana. 2. drop 
off or out (spoken of a number 
of small things as grains, tubers 
&c.) Ko te kumara ka horo 
haere tonu i te huarahi (136). 
3. fall or be taken, as a for- 
tress &c. Ka hia nga pa horo 
a te taua o Hongi? 4. differ. 
Kihai i horo ; ina, ko te ahua 
tonu tena (61). — ii. v. i. cause 
to crumble down. Horoa te one- 

I one runga. Passive horoa, 

I befallen upon by anything crumbl- 

! ing down. 

: horo, n. landslip. 
whakahoro, v. t. 1. cause to 

I crumble down. 2. take to pieces. 

\ Ka whakahoroa i reira te waka 
nei a Aotea (112). 3. slack off 
or let out a line. 

horohoro, v. t. remove the tapu » 
from a house &c. 

horonga, n. food eaten by the 
tohunga during the above cere- 

II. Horo, or most commonly ho- 
horo, a. quick; speedy. Mahue 
rawa te hohoro o te tangata 

whakahohoro, v. t. hurry ; hasten. 

III. Horo, V. t. swallow. Ka ki- 

Hor&Ska — whakahouhou. 


tea tona puku e horo nei i iiga 
uri o Tiki (152). 

HoroSka, n. patiax lotigissimnw ; 
a tree. 

Horoi, y. t. wash. 

horoi, u. materia/ fo wash with; 

Horokio, n. a shrub. 

Hdromi, v. t. swallow; devour. 
Ka whakatetere te wahine ra 
i tona puku hei horomi i a 
Maui (18). Comp. III. Horo. 

Hdrdmiti, v. t. eat ravenoiishi ; 
devour. Nana i horomiti nga 
kai i pau wawe ai. 

Hordpekapek& n. blue shark. 

Horopito, n. a shrub. 

Horotea, a. pate. Taia ana nga 
ngutu, a ka kitea ka horot^, 
ka taruatia. 

H6r6t5t§, a. worn out; prostrat- 
ed. Ko Paora tera, horotete I 
ana i te marc. 

Horn, n. red ochre; bttrut koko- 
wai. See Kokowai. 

H5rik, v. i. 1. grunt \ snort, I 
tawhiti ano e haere mai ana, 
ko te horu kua tac mai ki roto 
(162). 2. yell in accompani- 
ment to the war-dance. Kia 
rite te takahi, te papaki, me 
te horu a te tangata 1,167). 3. 
rankle. Kei roto i a ia e horu 
ana te whakatakariri, ina hoki 
ka puta kei waho, kei nga ka- 

horuhoru, n. uu'ld turnip. 

HOrua, V. i. descend. Ka haere, 
ka horua ki roto ki Pakihi. 

HOtdtd, n. a large caterpillar. 

HOtiki, V. t. tie; fasten with cord 
&c. Hotikina te kuwaha o te 

hotiki, n. tattoo marks on the 
forehead of a woman. 

1 Hdtd, n. 1. wooden spade. 2. 
spike on the tail of u^hai. 

11. H6t6, a. cold. Hotohoto ana 
te wai ki taku hiako. 

ni Hoto, V. i. begin a quarrel. 
Kaua e hoto. 

H5t6a, a. slow in growing : hack- 
ward. He aha te parareka o 
tenei tau i hotoa ai ki te tupu? 

H5t6ke, a. cold. Ka hotoke te kai. 

hotoke, n. winter. Hei te ho- 
toke ahau ka hoki atu ai. 

H5tu, V. i. (generallfi with nga- 
kau or manawa for subject). 
1. sob; pant; sigh. Ka hotu 
tona manawa, he sighs. 2. de- 
sire eagerly; long. E hotu ana 
toku ngakau ki te haere. 3. 
chafe with animosity &c. Ka 
hotu toku ngakau ki a ia, he 
hoariri hoki ia noku. 4. heave^ 
as the swell of the sea. Ka 
Iiotu noa te moana. 

Hotiihotu, a. accompanied with 
sobs. Hotuhotu ana te tangi 
a te tangata ra. 

I. Hou, n. feather, 

II. Hou, a. new; recent; fresh, 
Hou tonu ana te ketunga a te 

III. Hou or h6hou, v. t. bind; 
lash together. E hohou ana ia 
i te taiepa — Hohou rongo, make 

houhou, n. Schejflera digitata; a 

IV. Hon, i. V. t. force downwards. 
Hoi^a iho kia hohonu. ii. v. i. 

1. force one^s way downwards. 
Ka hou te kuri i raro o te ra- 
kau 2. persist in a demand. 
Ka hou au ki a koe, ka hou, 
ka hou. 

houhou, V. t. dig up; obtain by 
digging. Kei te houhou roi 

V. Hou or houhou, a, 1. cool. 

2. disagreeable; unpleasant. 
whakahouhou, v. i. feel disgust, 

Ka whakahouhou nga hoa, i 
mea hoki ratou kia tirohia paitia 
ia (193). Comp. hauhau and 

Houanga — Hiiaki. 

Houanga, n. this time last ijear. 

No houanga uei au i tae mai ai. 
Houange, n. \. a little while ago. 

2. a little while hence. Mo a 

houange nei ka hoatu. 
Houhou. See under hou. 
Houhere, n. hoheria populnea] a 

Houi, n. hoheria populnea', a tree. 
Houkeke, a. obstinate. Ka nui 

te houkeke o te whanoke ra, 

e kore e rongo. 
Houpara, n. a tree. 
Houtete, a. stunted. Koi kane- 

keneke, koi aha; houtete tou i 

taua wahi tahi. 
Houwere, v. t. tie; bind. Hou- 

weretia te takitaki. 
I. Hti, n. mud; swamp. Kua ta- 

poko ki te hu. 
U. HO, V. i. bubble up. Te puna 

e hu ake ra i raro i te whe- 

nua (154). 
hu, n. tenour or drift of a speech. 

Te hu te korero. 
huhti, V. i. hiss; whiz; buzz. I 

rangona kautia e ia ki te huhu 

o te patu e haere iho ana ki 

tona angaanga (91). 

III. Hti, a. still; silent. E noho 
hu ana, kei whakaae, kei eke 
koe ki runga ki te hoiho. 

IV. Hu, n. shoe. 

huhu, V. t. 1. strip off an outer 
covering ; cast off a rope &c. ! 
2. deprive of outer covering; make j 
bare. Z. free from tapu. E haere | 
tapu tonu ana mai i te tanu- j 
manga i a Tamatekapua ; katahi 
ka huhua, ka noa (78). j 

huhu, n. a beetle found in rot- i 
ten timber. | 

I. Hua, n. 1. fruit. Kei whea 
nga hua o te poroporo nei r (64) 

2. egg of a bird; roe of a fish. 

3. cause; occasion. I patua hua- 
koretia e ia taku tamaiti. 

huahua, n. 1. birds &c. captured 

for food; game. Nga kai o tera 
maunga, he kiwi, he weka, he 
kiore, he kuku, he tui : he mau- 
nga huahua tera maunga (145). 

2. small pimple. 3. a vessel 
in which food was boiled by- 
means of heated stones. 

hua, V. i. 1. bear fruit. E kore 
e kua tenei rakau. 2. abound. 

3. (of the moon) be at the full. 

huhua, a. abundant. 

hiihuatanga, n. excellence, good- 
ness. Kahore he huhuatanga o 
ena kakahu. 

U. Hiia, n. 1. handspike; lever. 

2. section of land. Kotahi hua 
ka riro i NGaiterangi. 3. screen 
from wind. 

huahua, n. rail of a fence. 

hua, V. t. 1. raise with a lever. 
Huaia te rakau nei. 2. over- 
turn; frustrate. Ka huaia mai 
e te Koi koi a taua tatai. 

III. Hiia, V. t. 1. name. Ka huai- 
na te ingoa o tera kainga ko 
Kawhia (113). — No whea te 
huanga o tau matau? (21) Who 
ever heard of your hook? — Ka- 
hore he huanga tangata o te 
huarahi (149). There was not 
a soul on the road. 2. think, 
E l^ua ana, e ngaro nei, kei te 
ma^i kai pea (12) — Hua atu; 
one would think. Hua atu ko 
te Rangi to tatou matua (14). 

3, he sure; know. Ko wai ka 

whakahua, v. t. 1. pronounce. 
2. recite. Ka whakahua i tana 
karakia mo tona tatuatanga i 
tana maro (97). 

Huai, n. a shell-fish. 

Hiiaki, i. v. t. open; uncover. 
Huakina ake te tatau. — Hua- 
kina te rua, tikina atu nga kai 
ki waho. 2. rush upon ; charge. 
No te huakanga i mate ai. ii. 
V. i. dawn. Huaki kau te ata, 
ka hapainga mai (157). 

huaki — whakahume. 


huaki, n. assault; charge. 

Huakumii, a. very fruitful. 

Huamango, n. a variety of po- 

Huamo, t. i. be raised in waves, 
as tlie sea. 

Huamutu, n. a fish. 

Huanga, u. relative. Ka tae mai 
ka noho, ka huangatia tera ta- 
ngata ki a ia (143). 

Hiiaranga, t. t. transplant. 

Huare, n. spittle. 

Hiiatare, v. i. pant ; gasp for breath. 
E huatare kau ana te manawa. 

Hu&t&w&, u. a dark variety of 
the silicious Btone called matd- 

HiiS, n. 1. gourd, 2. a fish. 

HtLhi, n. 1. discomfiture. Haere 
ana koe ki te tinihanga i to 
tipiina; ana ka kite koe i te 
huhi (25). 2. weariness. Ka 
taea te huhi. 

Huhu, see under hu. 

Huhua, sec under hua. 

Huhunu, see under hiinu. 

I. Hui or huihui, v. t. put or 
add together, v. i. congregate; 
come together. Ka huihui mai 
nga iwi ki te matakitaki i to 
ratou ito (155). 

hui, or huihui, n. assembly. 

II. Hui, v. t. take as plunder. Ka 
huia nga kakahu, ka patua. 

ill. Hui, V. i. be affected with 

cramp. Ka hui taku maui. 
Htlia, n. neomorpha Goutdii; a 

somewhat rare bird, the tail 

feathers of which are prized as 

Halki, a. 1. pinched with cold. 

E noho liuiki mai ra te koroua 

ra. 2. crouching in fear. 3. 

*'.r^fl//.9Wby frequent cultivation. 

Ka huiki te whenua. 
HuirapS, a. grasping. Katahi 

tana huirapa mona auake! 
I. Huk&, n. 1. foam; froth. I 

wh«ia atu ki te hukahuka o 

te tai (11). 2. frost; snow. Ka 
kite ia i te huka o Tongariro 
(80). 3. cold, 

hukahuka, n. thrums or shreds 
on a mat. Ka motu nga huka- 
huka o tona pake (80). 

hukahuka, a. hanging in shreds. 
I mahue hukahuka te whare. 

II. Huka, a. long in time. E 
kore e huka ka tae. 

III. Hiika, deficiency in measu- 
rement. E warn maro te roa, 
huka to te iwa. 

Hi)ka, n. sugar. 

Hoka, n. honk. 

Hiikapapa, n. ice; frost, 

Hiikapung^ u. snotv. 

HiikarerS, n. .snow. 

Hiikawhatu, n. hail. 

HOkari, v. i. gesticulate. He aha 
te rawa o tana mahi e hukari 
mai ra? 

htlk&ri, n. young of birds. 

HiikS, V. t. 1 . dig up ; expose by 
removing the earth in which it 
has been buried. E huke ana 
te wahine i te hangi. 2. w- 
cavate. Ka hukea te riu o te 
waka. (55). 
iHokSkS, a. staggering, 

j hukihuki, n. spit on which fish 
I arc roasted. 

I hukihuki, 1 . v. t. roast on a spit. 
I Hukihukia te ngohi. 2. con- 
tract suddenly, as the muscles. 
' Ka mate toku ringaringa i te 

hukinga, n. head of a valley or 

HtlinSrir§, a. comely; beautiful. 
Te puhi humarire nei, a Hine- 
moa (130). — Te humariretanga 
Te Whatuiapiti (164). 

HumS, V. t. bring to a point; ta- 
per off. Ka humea te ihu, te 
ta (55). 

whakahume, v. i. he drawn be- 
tween the legs (of the tail of a 



Humene — Huri. 

dog). WHakahume anate waero 
o te kuri. 

Humene, a. gathered up into small 
compass. WHakahumenemenetia 
mai tou kia whaiti. 

Humii, n. hip bone. 

humuhiiinu, a. stripped of pro- 
minent parts. Takoto humu- 
humu kau ana ko nga tiwai 
anake (171). So of trees hav- 
ing the branches lopped off. XGa 
rakau e humuhumu mai ra. 

I. Huna, V. t. 1. conceal. I hunaa 
toku e wai? 2. destroy. He 
taniwha te mea e huua nei i 
te taugata o tenei huarahi (150). 

huna, a. concealed. Te tini ta- 
ngata e huna nei ki roto i te 
arearenga o nga poho o E-angi 
raua ko Papa (4). 

II. Hiina, n. tenth day of the moon''s 


Hunanga-moho, n. a kind of 

Hiinaonga, n. son-in-law or daugh- 

Hiinarei ) father-in-law ; or 

Hunarere j mother-in-laiv. 

Hune, n. down on the .seeds of 
raupo, or typha angustifolia. 

Hune, n. Ju?ie. 


huhunii, v. t. 1. char. Ka oti 
te huhunu a waho, ka tu ko te 
iho anake. 2. singe. Hunu- 
hunua ta tatou poaka, 

huhunu, n. 1. double canoe. 2. 
temporally washboards at the bow 
of a canoe. 

Huniiku, n. family encumbrances. 

Hiinga, n. company of persons; 
people. Tu tonu iho te hunga 
ra i te taumata (151). — Some- 
times used contemptuously. 

Hiingahunga, n. tow; refuse of 
Jlax leaf; down or nap which 
comes off a garment. Compare 

Hungawai, n. father-in-law; mo- 

Hungoingoi, a. trembling. 

Htipana, v. i. fly up or fly backy 
as a spring. Te hupanatanga 
^e tawhiti. 

Huoioi, a. trembling; tottering. 

Hupe, n. discharge from the nose. 

Hupeke, v. i. bend the legs or 
arms. Hupeke on waewae. 

hupeke, a. bent; draivn up (of the 
legs or arms). 

hupeke, n. old woman, 

Hupenupenii, a. mashed up. Ka 
hupenupenu noa iho nga kai i 
roto i te kohue. 

Hura, i. v. t. 1. remove a cover- 
ing. Hurahia te kakahu. 2. ufi- 
cover ; expose. Hurahurahia nga 
kai; ka maku i te ua. 3. hunt 
out. Kua riro te taua ki te 
hura morehu. ii. v. i. begin to 
flow (of the tide). Ka hura te 
mata o te tai. 

hura, n. nervous twitching in the 
shoulder &c. ; regarded as a sign 
that one is the subject of re- 

hurahuja, n. visitors condoling 
with people who have been plun- 

HuEAE, n. July. 

Htirangi, n. fly. 

hurangi, a. timorous. Ka hura- 
ngi haere tatou ki tona mate- 

Hiire, v. t. search. Kua tae ake 
nga tangata o runga o te kai- 
puke ki te hure i to matou pa. 

Htirepo, n. bittern. 

Hiiri, i. v. t. 1. turn round. Na 
wai i huri te pouaka? 2. over- 
turn. 3. grind in a mill. Me 
kawe nga witi nei kia hurihia. 
ii. V. i. 1. overflow. Huri katoa 
te waipuke ki te ara. 2. fall 
to; set about. Ka huri te Pa- 
tupaiarehe ki te tango i nga 
ngohi ki nta (179). 3. betake 

hurihuri — I. 


oneself; repair. Katahi te ma- 
nuwhari nei ka huif^lfi runga 
i te waka, ka hoe. 4. Ka huri, 
tenei, or simply, Ka huri, is an 
expression which has lately be- 
come common to mark the end 
of a subject, or of a speech, 
letter &c. 

hurihuri, v. t. tu^n over in one's 
mind; ponder;; reflect upon. 

huri, n. 1. seed. Ka waiho euei 
parareka hei huri mo taku mara. 
2. anything which is turned 
round, as a mill or a grind- 

Huriaro, v. i. turn right rotind. 

Hiirikdar6, v. i. turn inside out. 
Hurikoarotia te kakahu. 

Hurikotiia, v. i. turn the back. 

Huripoki, v. t. ////// upside down 
Huripokia te kohue. turn over 
the soil with a spade. 

HiirLrua, v. t turn inside out, 

Hurltua, v. i. turn the back to- 
wards one. 

1. Hiini, n, 1. brushwood. 2. 
dof^.skin mat. 

huruhuru, n. coarse hair; brist- 
les; not properly used of hair 
of the head. 

huruhiiru-whenua, n. asplcnium 
luridum; a plant. 

n. Hutu, v. t. contract; draw in. 
Me huru mai te taiepa kia ho- 
horo ai te oti. 


Huruniii, a. having long fur. 

n. fresh growth of 
young trees after land 
has been cleared. 
Hururoa, n. a shell-fish. 
Hiiriirua, u. 1. brushwood. 2. 

land covered with brushwood. 

Kua hururuatia te ara. 
Hiirutete, a. stunted. E kore e 

mataara ake te witi i te whe- 

nua; ka hurutete. 
HtltSt§, V. i. be tied up in a cor- 
ner of a bag &c. I roto i te 

putea e hutete ana. 
Huti, or huhuti, v. t. 1. hoist. 

2. pull out of the ground. Hutia 

nga tarutaru. 
hutihuti, n. rope. 
hutinga, n, place cleared from 

weeds in preparation for a crop. 

Na Te Kauae tenei hutinga. 
Hiitiw&i, aca*na sanguisorbOy a 

Htltoitdi, a. stunted^ growing 

weakhf. K hutoitoi ana nga 

huruhuru o to matcnga. 
Hatokg, n. winter. 
Hat6t6i, a. weak; stunM. Hu- 

totoi ana te tupu o te kapana. 
Hiituk&w&, n. metrosideros to- 
me n I osa, a tree. 
HUwiniwini, a. chilled; having 

the skin vaughenvd with cold. 
HtLwhS, n. thi^h. 

I. I, a parlicit u-i^i in terming 
indefinite pu-^i . n ts or aorists. 
1 haere mai korua ki te aha? 
(186) for what did ijou come? 

II. I, prep. 1. simply transitive, 
serving to connect an active verb 
with its object Tatou ki te j 
auk aha i to tatou waka (20). 
2, l'r<tm. I haere mai maua i 
'• rawhiti, i te putanga mai o 

te ra (185). — Tikina he ahi i 
a Mahuika (23). He hokinga 
mai no nga waka o tona iwi i 
to hao kupenga ika (141). 3. 
from the sight of. He nohoa- 
nga moku c ngaro ai ahau i 
toku hoa ngangare (54). 4. at 
a distance from ; wide of, beyond. 
Ka taha te patu i tona anga- 
anga (91). 5. in comparison of 



E kore ia e hohoro i taua wa- 
hine (95). than. Ko te moana 
i nui atu i te whenua (29). — 
In complex prepositions. Ki 
raro i te pihanga o te whare 
(78).. Also after ehara. Ehara 
i te taua nana i patu: nana 
noa i mate. 6. by T'easo?i of. 
Kaore e tae te ope nei i te 
wehi (60). for want of. Ka 
pingongo nga papa o to hoiho 
i te kai. 7. by; after neuter 
verbs. Poto katoa nga whenua 
i a Rupe te haere (32). — Kua 
tu i te tao a Hatupatu (95). 
tvi'th. Ka mate a Te Ponga i 
te hiainu (168). 8. (of place) 
at. E noho nei ano i Rotorua 
etehi (103). upon. Ka tere a 
Hinauri i te moana (28). along. 
Haere tonu atu i te ara nui 
naka (23). by way of. Ka haere 
mai i te te tai hauauru (185). 
9. connected with the last and 
sometimes to be translated of. 
Te motu i Mokoia (96). some- 
times redundant. Waiho i a 
Marutuahu te ingoa (136). — Ka 
tikina i a Kae hei tolii i a Tu- 
huruhuru (36). 10. (in past 
time) in the act of I te tiki 
wahie nga wahine. in the state 
of I te mate a Anaru inanahi. 

11. (of time) at; in; by. Kua 
herua taua tangata i te po (97). 
in the time of. I a Houmaita- 
whiti te whawhaitanga (63). at 
the time that; whilst, during. 
I a ratou e okioki ana (84). — 
I te mea, whe7i. I te mea e 
kai tonu ana i tana kai (160). 

1 2. (in past time) with = having. 
Te tangata i te puahi. wifh == 
in possession of la wai to 
toki? belonging to. "I a wai 
tera kaaingar" "I a Waitaha" 
(145). 13. in company with; 
led by. Haere atu ana a Kae 
i a Hineiteiwaiwa raua ko Rau- 

katauri (38). 14. in the opinion 
of. Makatikati ana i a au te 
korero nei. 15. causing trouble 
or annoyance to. Ma tahaki 
haere ai i te hau i a koe. 

III. I (~) V. i. ferment; turn sour. 
whakaii, a. self-conceited. 

IV. I, int. without any special 
meaning at the end of a stanza 
of a song. 

I. Ia, pron. 3rd. person singular. 
he; she; it. After the prepo- 
sitions a, 0, ma, mo, na, no, 
ta and to, another pronoun, na 
is substituted for ia, and the 
preposition and pronoun are writ- 
ten as one word. Ko tana mahi, 
he tatau i ana taro (49). Obs. 
ia is not ordinarily used in speak- 
ing of things inanimate. 

II. Ia, pron. demonstrative (not 
used in the plural). 1. that; 
the said. Nga kanohi o ia wa- 
hine (167). 2. repeated, to give 
a distributive sense, each; every. 
Ka haere te kai korero ki ia 
wahi, ki ia wahi. 

III. Ia, n. 1. current. E kore e 
tere te waka i te ia. 2. sound 
made by rushing water. Me te 
ia wai e tangi ana te umere 

IV. Ia, conj. but. I roto ano ia 
a Kiki i tona whare (172). 

lana, ad. intensive, then. Tena 
iana; whakaaturia mai. 

lanei, ad. intensive. 1. nay. He 
parau ianei te korero na. 2. in 
interrogative sentences. E kore 
ianei koe e haere? 

laua, int. hold! stay ! laua maku 
e here. 

Hie, n. a fish; the same as ta- 

Ihi, i. V. t. split; divide. Ihia 
atu te rakau na. — Ka ihia te 
mara. ii. v. i. 1. draw a line, 
furrov) &c. E ihi mai ana te 
tira te mako i runga i te kare 

ihiihi — Ina. 


o te tai. 2. dawn, Ka ihi mai 
te ata. 3. make a hissing or 
rushing noise. Ka ihi mai te 
haukia marange te whakawhiti. 

ihiihi, v. i. 1. make a rushing 
noise. Ihiihi ana te hau nei. 
2. be terror struck ; shudder with 
fear. Ka ihiihi te tangata ra, 
ka heke iho te werawera. 

ihi, n. front gable of a house. 

ihiihi, ii. ray of the sun. 

whakaihi, v. t. betroth. He wa- 
ll iue whakaihi ma taku tamaiti. 

I. Iho (I 6) n. 1. heart of a tree. 

2. that wherein the strength of a 
thing consists, as of an army &c. 
Hokowhitu te iho o te taua. 

3. to hung a or principal person 
in the crew of canoe. Ko nga 
poroporoakitanga iho tenei o 
nga iho o nga waka katoa (112). 

ir. Iho (1-6). 

whakaiho, v. t cut the hair. 
Tenei to iramutu, whakaihoa- 

whakaihonga, n. some ceremony 
connected with the dead. 

III. Iho (1-6) ad. correlative of 
ake. 1. up above, with refe- 
rence to an3rthing lower down. 
V':' ' irongo ki te kupu a te 
. e iri iho nei. Tenei 
tino le ora iho nei (65). 2. 
from above; downwards; down. 
Ka tae ki te rua i rere iho ra 
tona whaea (15) — Ka tatu iho 
te tangata ra ki raro (147). — 
Raro iho; lower down. Katahi 
ia ka neke tata iho ki raro iho 
(16). 3. the converse of ake 5. 
Ka mca iho te tangata nei. Hacre 
ake i muri nei ; kia hohoro ake 
te haere (148). 4. denoting a 
short lapse of time. Muri iho 
shortbf afterwards. — Po iho ano 

Ihu, (!-a) n. 1. ^ose. 2. bow of 
\\ canoe &c. 

Ihiim&nea, see uhiimanea. 

Ihiipuku, a. grasping at; eagerly 
desirous of. Ko wai koia te 
ihupuku ki tena mea kia ta- 

Ihupimi, n. dogskin mat. 

Ika, (i-a) n. 1. fish. Tarewa ana 
i runga te ika a Maui, he ika 
whenua (22). Ika-moana, whale. 
— Ika-waka, the first fish caught 
in a new canoe, which was held 
sacred. 2. body of men; troop. 
Z. fighting man; warrior. Kei 
te hurihuri i nga ika tapu (91) 
of persons slain in fight. Ika- 
whiro, old warrior. Ika-i-te- 
ati, first person killed or cuf)- 
tured in a fight. 

whakaika, v. i. 1. be congregat- 
ed; be formed into a troop. NGa 
korero a NGatikahunguuu e wha- 
kaika nei. 2. lie in a heap. 
Kei ko nga kaho e whakaika 

ikaika, n. a plant. 

I. Ik§, ikeike, a. high ; lofty. Kia 
pehea te ikeike o to whare? 

whakaikeike, v. t. raise. Taria 
mai he oneone hei whakaikeike 
mo te wahi nei. 

n. IkS, V. t. strike with a hammer 
or other heavy instrument (R.). 

Iki, (T-1) V. t consume; devour. 
Katahi te mea iki kai, he ni- 

Ikuiku, n. eaves of a house. 

Ina, (1-8) ad. 1. denoting empha- 
tic assent, certainly; to be sure. 
2. calling attention. Ina na! 
whakarongo mai (129). Some- 
times it may be rendered, here, 
or see here. 3. equivalent to 
tena in saluting a person. Ina 
ano koe, o Ha na! (96) 4. 
adducing a fact in proof of any 
thing; /or,' since; inasmuch as. 
Kua patua; ina hoki, i haere 
tahi ano koutou; ka ngaro nei 
i to koutou hokinga mai nei (95). 
So also in the following, Meake 


Inahea — Iriiri. 

au taka, ina te ahua. / shall 
fall off presently, to judge by 
appearances. 5. when. Kia ma- 
hara mai koe ki a au ina tae 
koe ki tawahi. 

Inahea, (i) ad. interrogative, of 
past time, when ? 

Inaianei, ad. just now; to-day. 
properlj^ of time past only. 

Inaina, v. i. bask; warm oneself. 
Hei konei te ahi inaina. 

luake, ad. ?iot lon^ since; the 
other day. Inake ano i haere 
ai te rougo o tenei wahine; kaore, 
he uaua (197). 

Inaki, (iu) V. t. 1. crowd one 
upon another; pack closely. I 
inakitia rawatia te ko o te mara 
nei ; te ai he kai apopo, te aha. 
2. thatch; cover with overlapp- 
ing layers, or ?'ows. Ka inakitia 
a runga ki te toetoe. 3. cut 
short a speaker, by beginning 
to speak before he has con- 
cluded. Te tukua taku korero 
kia tau ki raro ; inaki tonu mai 
koe. — He korero whakainakinaki 
na te tangata ra, na reira i kino 
ai. 4. V. i. fall back upon for- 
ces in the rear or come up as 
reinforcements to an advanced 
position. Ka inaki ki runga ki 
nga matua. 

Inakuara, (i) ad. a little while 

Inamata, (i) ad. 1. formerly. 2. 
immediately. Ka rongo te ta- 
ngata ra, inamata kua maranga 
ki runga (165). 

Inamoki, n. a kind of rat. 

Inanahi, (in) ad. yesterday. 

Inana, see under ina. 

Inanga, n. a small fresh-water 

Inangeto, ad. quickly. Inangeto, 
kua maoa. 

Inaoake, ad. two days ago. 

Inaoakenui, (i) ad. three days 

ad. not long since. 

Inaoakewake, ad. several days 

Inapo, (i) ad. last night. 
Inati, (i) a. severe. He inati te 

ngaunga o tenei mea kino. 
Inawhai (i) 
Inawheke (i) 
Inei, ad. interrogative. Is it so ? 
Inohi, (in) n. scale of a fish. 
Inoi, (i) V. t. beg; pray. Inoia 

he kai ma tatou. 
inoi, n. prayer; entreaty. 
Inonira, ad. behind. 
Inii, (i) V. t. drink. Ka mutu te 

inu, ka wahia te taha (133). 
iinu, V. t. drink frequently. 
whakainu, v. t. give drink to, 
Inukorokoro, n. lazy fellow ; one 

who likes eating better than 

Ingoingo, a. sharp pointed. Waru- 

hia rawatia tona rakau, a ingo- 

ingo ana. 
ingoingo, n. young eel. 
whakaingoingo, a. whimpering ; 

sobbing. He tamaiti whaka- 
Ingoa, n. name. Ka huaina toku 

ingoa ho WHakatau (57). 
loio, a. 1. hard. He ioio te one- 

one te whenua nei. 2. ob- 
stinate. Katahi te tangata ioio. 

3. aching from weariness. Ka 

ioio oku waewae i te roa o te 

Ipo, (i) a. pertaining to love. He 

waiata ipo. 
Ipu, (i) n. calabash; bottle; or 

any similar vessel. 
Ira or iraira, n. freckle, or other 

natural mark on the skin. 
Iramutu, n. nephew; fiiece. 
Iri, (i-i) V. i. hang ; be suspended. 

E koe e iri iho nei; korero 

iho ra (65). 
whakairi, v. t. hang up; suspend. 

Me whakairi te kete ki runga 

ki te taepa. 
Iriiri, v. t. 1. perform a certain 

iriirizLga ^Kaha. 


ceremony over a newly bom 
child. Hence 2. baptize. 

iriiringa, n. baptism, 

Irirangi, a. Aari/if: a divine sound. 
Tenei ano te irirangi nei nga 
kupu: he whakaaro ke ki raro. 

Iro, (i-6) n. muirgot; thread worm. 

iro, a. submissive in conBcquence 
of punishment WHina kia iro 

whakairo, v. t. carve; adorn 
with carving. Nanahu ana te 
whakairo o te waka na. 

whakairoiro, v. i. deal crouked- 
iy; be deceitful. Ka whaka- 
iroiro tera a Matete i tenei ta- 
kiwa; akuanei ka he ano. 

Ita, itaita, a. tight; fast, Ho- 
pukia ana e te ringaringa; na, 
itaita ana. 

whakaita, v. t. hold fast; re- 
strain. E whakaita nei a He- 
nare, e pupuri nei i a ratou 
kia noho. 

Itau, n. girdle for the waist. 

Iti, (i-i) small. Kia itiiti iho. 

Ito, (i-6) n. object of revenge. 
Pan ake ki roto ki nga puku 
to ratou ito (153). 

Iwa, (I-S) a. nine. 

Iwi, (!-i) n. 1. bone. 2. tribe. 

Iwik6r8, a. without strength ; 

Iwitu&r&r6, n. back-bone. 


Ka, a verbal particle, denoting 
the commencement of a new 
action or condition, or a state 
of things new to the speaker, 
and hence it is of very frequent 
occurrence in narrative. Ucko 
nei, hcke nei te waka ra, a, 
ka ngaro te ihu; ka taea te 
taingawai o te ihu, tango ata 
ki te taingawai o waenga, ka 
rere tupou te waka ra (72). — 
VThcn a narrative begins with 
ka, when^ or as soon as, must 
be supplied in English. Ka 
noho a Marutuahu i rcira, ka 
korcro mai a Hotunui ki te kino 
tona iwi e noho nei ia (HI). 

KS, V. i. take fire; be lighted; 
burn, Ka ake nga ahi o roto, 
tckau. Pass, kangia. Kahore 
ano a roto o te whare kia ka- 
ngia e te ahi. The interior of 
the house has never yet had a 
fire burning in it. 

k&ka, a. red hot. Apopo, kia 
pena nga kiri o o tungane; 
hihi ana i nga kowliatu kaka 
o Waikorora (83). 

Elae&, V. i. ivander. Kei te kaea 

ki ro ngahere. 
Kaeaea, n. sparrow-hawk. 
kaeaea, v. i. act like a hawk; 

look rapaciously. E kaeaea ana 

ki tc kai mana. 
E&ed, u. a freshwater shellfish. 
K&ew&, a. 1. wandering. I to 

wheuua ahau e kaewa noa ana. 

2. loose; slack. WHakakae- 

watia te taura kia kaewa. 3. 

detached. Katahi ka whakakae- 

watia te kakaho ki to whanga. 

I. K&h&, a. strong. Patupatua 
iho nei ia, iti ana tona kaha (29). 

whakakaha, v. t. strengthen. 

II. K&h&, n. 1. rope; especially 
one on the edge of a seine. 
Ka horahia te kupenga ra, ko 
te kaha o raro, he mea pou 
ki te pou, hero rawa te kaha 
ki te pou (142). 2. lashings 
of the rauawa of a canoe. 3. 
noose. 4. boundary line of land 
&c. Tuhia nga kaha o te mara. 
5. line of ancestry ; lineage. Ka 
hoki mai ki te whakataki i te 
kaha o Houmaitawhiti (128). 


Kahaka — Kahiikekeno. 

Kahaka n. calabash. 

Eahakaha, n. 1. a kind of gar- 
ment. Ko te pueru i waho, ko 
te kahakaha i roto. 2. a plant. 

Eahaki, v. t. remove bij force; 
carry away. Kia man te pou 
i to tatou waka, kei kahakina 
e te waipuke. 

kahaki, n. strap to fasten a load 
on one's back. Tea aku ka- 
haki? (R.) 

Kahararo, n. rope on the under 
edge of a net. 

Kaharoa, n. large seine, or drag- 

Kahariinga, n. j'ope on the upper 
edge of a net. 

Kahawai, n. a fish. 

Kahekahe, v. i. pant. 

Kaheko, y. i. slip. 

Kaheno, a. untied. 

Kaherii, n. spade or other im- 
plement for working the soil. 

Eahia, n. 1. passiflora tetrandra; 
a plant. 2. image of a human 
figure carved out of the post 
of a pa fence. 

Kahika or kahikatea, n. podo- 
carpus dacrydioideSf or white 

Eahikatoa, n. leptospermum sco- 
parium; a tree 

Kahitua, n. a shell-fish. 

Kahiwahiwa, a. intensely dark, 
Kahiwaliiwa kau ana, me te 
ahua waipounamu na ano (158). 

Kahiwi, n. ridge of a hill. 

Kaho, n. batten for the roof of 
"a house &c. 

Kaho, n. cask. 

Kahore, ad. 1. no; not. Kua 
mate koe? Kahore, kei te ora 
ano au (64). — Kahore i ea te 
mate o Tuhuruhuru (69). 2. 
on the contrary. I mea ahau 
he tangata pai koe: kaore, he 
tangata kinorawa. — Kahore ano, 
Tiot yet. Kua mahora te kai 
ma te ope? Kahoreano (59). 

kahore, a. no; none. Kahore he 
tangata i runga nei? (32). 

whakakahore , v. t. deny; re- 
fuse. E kore tena korero e 
taea te whakakahore. 

Eahotea, a. having no covering 
on the roof Kei te tu kahotea 
tonu te whare. 

Kahii, n. circus Gouldii; hawk. 

I. Kahii, n. 1. surface. Ka ma 
te kahu o te wai, ka pango a 
runga o te rangi — Te kahu o 
te rangi ; the blue sky. 2. gar- 
ment. Ka tango i te kahu where, 
i nga kahu kura, me nga puahi 
(95). — Kahu-mamae ; garment 
sent to distant relatives of one 
who has been killed, to keep 
resentment alive. 

kakahu, n. mat made of fine flax. 
Kite rawa atu nga tuakana, e 
horahora mai ana i nga kakahu 
(100). (Not applied to coarser 

kakahu, v. t. put on. Kakahuria 

whakakakahu^ v. t. clothe. Ka 
tahuri ia ki te paihere i aua 
pu tarutaru, whakakakahu atu 
ki ona kakahu (100). 

II. Kahii, v.i. spring; grow. Kua 
kahu te witi. 

kahukahu, n. ghost ; spirit of a 
dead man. 

whakakahukahu, v. i. begin to 
groiv; acquire size, used with 
reference to fruits, roots, foetus 
&c. Katahi ano ka whakakahu- 
kahu ake nga kai o te mara 

whakakahu, n. white of an egg. 

Kahiia, n.form; appearance. Me 
te kukupa te kahua. 

Kahiii, n. herd ; flock. 

Kahuirangi, a. unsettled; disturb- 
ed. Te aro ki te kai te iwi 
nei; kahuirangi tonu. 

Kahiikekeno, n. sealskin mat. 

Kahukiwi — Kaik5hure. 


Kahukiwi, n. mat covered un'th 
kiiri J eat hers. 

Kahukura, n. 1. the atna of the 
rainbow. 2. rainbow. Ko ka- 
hukura e tiwhana mai ra. 

Kahupapa, n. raft, 

kahupapa, y. t. bridge over. Ka 
kahupapangia ki te rakau. 

Kahurangi, a. unsettled; irreso- 
lute. E kaliurangi haere ana i 
runga i nga puke. 

kahurangi, n. a light coloured 
variety of the stone called mii- 

K&hur&pa, a. extended sideways^ 
as in the buttress-like growth at 
the base of some forest trees. 

Kahutaniko, u. mat of fine Jlax 
with ornamental border (155). 

K&hutdrda, n. mat covered with 
albatross" down. 

E&huw&er5, n. mat covered with 
skin of dogs'* tails; the same 
as mahiti. 

K&i, V. t. 1. eat. Eo nga hua- 
hua, hoatu kia kainga (60). 2. 
bite. Katahi ano te ika ka kai 
ki tana matau (117). — Kai- 
upoko; curse. 

kai, n. food. Kihai i roa, ka ma- 
bora te kai, te tuna, te kumara, 
te taro (193). 2. anything which 
. is in largo quantities. Nga mahi 
a te amonga o te kai nei, a te 
kaniwha, a te pere (155). '8. 
riddle; puzzle; toy. 

k&kai, V. t. eat frequently. 

k&inga, n. of a meal, as 
cockle shells &c. 

whakakai, n. ornament for the 
ear. Ke nga whakakai, i mahue 
tonu iho. 

K&i a prefix to transitive verbs 
to denote the agent. Katahi ka 
peke mai nga kai-hapai patu 

Kai, n. a tree. 

Kaia, v. t. steal. 

kaia. n. thief. 

Kaiaia, n. sparrow-hawk \ hiera- 

cidia XovfP Zelandia'. 
Kaihakere, v. t. stint; give with 

a niggardly hand. Kaua e kai- 

hakeretia ton taonga. 
KSihau, n. 1. the tohunga who 

eats the hau, or portion set 

apart for the atua. 2. lazy 

fellow; vagabond (lit. one who 

feeds on wind). 
Kaihaukai, n. return pi^esent of 

food &c., made by one tribe to 

Kaihk, n. ass. 
K&ih6r5, v. t. \. eat greedily. 

Kaua e kaihorotia te kai. 2, do 

hurriedly. Kei te hurihuri ma- 

rire nga whakaaro, kahore i te 

K&ihSt&k&, n. whipping-top. 
Kaihiiia, n. full-grown palm tree ; 

areca sapida. 
Kaika, a. eager; impatient. E 

kaika ana ki te haere. 
Kaik&h&, n. edges of the leaves 

of flax, which are split oflf and 

thrown away. 
K&ik&iat&r&, v. i. commit forni- 

vat inn. 
K&ikai^tua, n. rhabdothamnus 

Solandri; a sheub. 
K&ik&iwalu, n. one who goes se- 
cretly to give information of the 

approach of an enemy. 
K&ik&ru, V. i. slee}). 
K&ik&uau, v. t. cut off the tips 

of anything, as of hair, or 

branches of a tree &c. 
KSikS, V. i. lie in a heap. Te 

pchanga wahie, o kaike mai ra. 
K&ikind, v. t. murder in cold 

K&ikiri, V. i. 1. cherish hostile 

feelings. Te kaikiri, he manuka- 

nuka ki nga he o raua. 2. 

f/uarrel. E kaikiri ana NGapuhi. 
K&ik5hiire, n. a piece of wood 

which is rubbed upon another 



Kaikomako — Kakahukiira. 

to procure fire. Comp. Kau- 

Kaikomako, n. a tree. Na ka 
mate te ahi a Mahuika i konei, 
ko te oranga o tana ahi i whiua 
e ia ki te kaikomako (25). 

Kaikora , n. vagabond ; lazy 

Kaimaoa, a. sapless; dnj. 

Kaimarire, a. liberal; bountiful. 
He wahine kaimarire. 

Kaimata, a. 1. green. He rakau 
kaimata. 2. uncooked. E kai- 
mata ana nga kai ma tatou. 
3. fresh; unwr ought. 1 mua i 
te kaimatatanga o te oneone. 

Kaimatai, v. i. get one'^s living by 
sponging upon others. 

Kainga, n. 1. place of abode; 
lodging; quarters; encampment; 
bivouac. Tatou ka haere ki te 
kainga (147). 2. unfortified 
place of residence whether con- 
sisting of one or more huts. Ka 
hoki ano maua ki te haha i ia 
pa, i ia pa, i ia kainga, i ia 
kainga (184). 3. country. Nui 
atu te kura o tenei kainga i te 
kura Hawaiki (74). 4. with 
a possessive pronoun, home. 

Kaingakau, v. t. price greatly; 

Kaiota, a. green ; fresh ; not 

kaiota, v. t. eat anything without 

Kaipakeha, n. a large variety of 
sweet potato. 

Kaipakuha, n. present given by 
a bridegroom to the relatives of 
his bride. 

Kaiponii, v. t. keep to oneself; 
withhold. Aua ra e kaiponuhia 

kaiponu, a. stingy. 

Kaipuke, n. ship. 

Kairakati, a. He huka kairakau, 
a sharp white frost. 

Kairawaru, n. spear in an un- 
finished, state. 

Kaireperepe, n. relation by mar- 

Kaita, a. large, 

Kaitaka, n. 1. mat made of the 
finest fax, with ornamental 
border, 2. whipping top (107). 

I. Eaitoa, n. brave man ; warrior. 
Ka rongo rapea te tini kaitoa 
nei (150). 

II. Kaitoa, expressing satisfaction 
or complacency at any event. 
// is good &c. Kaitoa kia araia 
mai koe e te waipuke, kia roko- 
hanga mai ai e au. 

whakakaitoa, v. i. express one's 
satisfaction at anything. 

Kaiwae, n. floor, or deck of a 
canoe; the same as karah.o. 

Kaiwhiria, n. parsonsia albiflora, 
a climbing plant. 

Kaka, n. nestor productus ; a 

Kaka, a. intoxicated with the 
juice of the tutu. 

kaka, n. a bird; the same as 
matuku. Ka rere i te po, ka 
whakaraoa, he kaka. 

Kaka, n. 1. single fibre, or hair, 
2. ridge of a hill. 3. garment. 
4. small seine ox drag net, which 
is managed without the help of 
a boat or canoe. 

wliakakakakaka , a. covered 
with short irregular stripes, 

Kaka, see under ka. 

Kakahi, n. 1. a freshwater shell- 
fish; unio. 2. a saltwater shell- 
fish, the same as kokota, 

kakahi, v. t. part of the pure 
ceremony. Ka hurihia te huri- 
hanga takapau, ruahine rawa, 
kakahi rawa, ka noa (22). 

Kakaho, n. arundo conspicua; 
reed grass. 

Kakahu, see under kahu. 

Kakahiikura, n. mat covered with 
red feathers. 

Kakai — kanokano. 


Kakai, sec under kai. 

Kakama, see under kama. 

Kakamaroke, v. i. become J'aii\ 
or free from rain. Ka kaka- 
maroke te hau uei. 

Kakani, see under kani. 

Kakano, see under kano. 

Kakap5, n. slrignps habroptilus : 
a bird. 

Kakapu, see under kapii. 

Kakara, see under kara. 

Kakarauri, v. i. be dusk, in the 
evening or morning. Ka kaka- 
rauri, ka tae matoa ki te kai- 

Kakari, see under kari. 

Kakariki, n. \. small green par- 
rot, 2. green lizard. 3. a shrub. 
4. melon. 

kakGiriki, a. green. 

KfikSt&i, u. a bird. 

E£kStar&pO, n. a bird. 

Eak&u, n. 1. stalk of a plant. 
2 handle of a tool. 

K§,k&w^ n. sweat. 

K&kS, V. t. ascend; climb upon, 
or over. Kakea ake te taahu o 
te whare o to tupuna o Hine- 
nuitepo (17). 

whakakake, v. i. assume supt- 
riority; give oneself airs. 

K&kl, n. 1. neck. Ko nga we- 
weru, ke loea tapeka ki runga 
i te kaki (146). 2. throat. Ka- 
hore he woa mo te maroke o 
toku kaki. 


k&k&Tn&, a. quick; nimble. Kia 
kakama to haere. — He rioga 
kamakama, a lightjingered per- 

Kam&ka, n, rock: stone. 

Kain&t&, n. end of a branch or 
leaf; top of a tree. 

E&mS, V. t. eat. 

kamS, n. food. 

K&m5, n. eyelash. 

kamo, or kamokamo, v. i. 1. 

1. bright. 


Ka ka- 

2. con- 
Te horo 

wink. 2. bubble up. £ kamo 
ake ana te wai o to tatou waka. 

kamonga, n. eyelash. 

Kamokamo, n. vegetable marrow. 

Kamii, v. t. 1. eat. 2. intrans- 
itively move the lips in anticipa- 
tion of food. 

kamukamu, n. food. 

Earau, n. seeds of cowhage. 

Kamuri, n. cooking-shed. 

K&n§^ or kanakana, v. i. stare 
wildly. Kanakana kau ana nga 

kanakana, n. mesh of a 

Kanae, n. a fish; mullet. 

kSn&en&e, a. bewildered. 
naenae nga kanohi. 

K&n&ku, n. /re 

K&n&pS,, a. 

spicuous from colour. 

e kanapa mai ra, o ma raai ra. 

kSnapanapa, a. dark like deep 
water. Ko te whakaraataku te- 
nei, he kanapanapa no te wai 

Efin&pg, ad. not: no. Kanapc e 
haere nga tangata. 

K&n&pu, a. bright; shining. 

k&n&pu, n. lightning (93). 

KSnSkSnSkd, v. i. move from 
one's place. 

KSnSwh&, a. underdone. 
newha te kai nei; kihai 
ki tahaki. 

K&ni, kanikani, 1. v. 

backwards and fonvards; saw, 
2. dance. 

kani, n. saw. 

k&kanit&ngS,, n. commencement 
of a sleep ascent. 

Eanihi, v. t. patch a garment. 

Kaniwh&, n. 1. barb of a fish- 
hook &c. 2. barbed spear (155). 


k&k&nd, n. 1. texture of fibres 
in wood; grain. 2. berries which 
serve as food for pigeons &c. 

kakano, n. seed; pip. 

kanokano, a. full of .small lumps. 

I ka- 
[ puta 

t. rub 


kanokano — kapu. 

kanokano, n. relative living 

among a distant tribe. Ka riro 

a Te Paki ki te toro i tona 

Kanohi, n. 1. eye. 2. face. 
Kanokanoa, v. i. feel affection 

for an absent relative or friend, 

Kanokanoa ana au ki taku hoa 

ka riro. 
Kanono, n. a tree; a species of 

copras ma. 
Kanoti, v. t. cover up embers 

with ashes or earth. 
Kaniika, n. leptospermum eri- 

coides; a tree. 
Kanga, (n. maize). See also under 

Kanga, v. t. curse Kua kangaa 

koutou e te tini o Manahua 

kanga, n. curse; blasphemy. 
Kangatiingatu, n. verandah. 
Kao, n. dried kumara or turnips, 
kaokao, n. 1. ribs. 2. side of 

the body, of a canoe, of a hill 

Kao, ad. an abbreyiated form of 

kahore; no. 
Kaore, ad. a contracted form of 

Kapa, n. 1. rank; row. Te kapa 

ta ratou haka (10). 2. play; 

kapa, V. i. stand in a row or 

kapakapa, v. i. 1. palpitate. E 

kapakapa ana te tau o taku ate. 

2. flutter ; flap. He kapakapa 

tera no te manu mate e werohia 

ana (146). 
kapakapa, n. wing. 
Kapana, n. potato. 
Kapara, n. resinous wood of the 

kahikatea tree. 
Kapatau, conj. if. Kapatau he 

mea pai, ka tango au. 
Kapatau, v. t. express an inten- 
tion of doing; threaten. Kei te 

kapatau tonu ratou mo te haere. 

Kape, n. 1. eyebrow. Ka tu tera 
nga kape o te tangata ra. Spoken 
of fierce looks. 2. tattooing 
under the eyebrows. 

Kape, V. t. 1. pass by; leave out. 
He aha ahau i kapea ai. 2. pick 

Kapeka, n. head of a river. 

Kapekape, n. ?iorth west wind. 

Kapekapeta, v. i. flutter ; writhe. 
Kapekapeta ana te ngarara i 
roto i te kapura. 

Kapekapetau, a. quick. Kia ka- 
pekapetau ou waewae. 

Kapi, V. i. be covered; be filled 
up ; be occupied. Spoken of any- 
limited area. Kua kapi te kai- 
nga i te tangata. 

whakakapi, v. t. fill up a space. 

whakakapi, n. one who fills the 
place of another; substitute; suc- 

Kapia, n. kauri gum ; resin. 

Kapiti, n. 1. cleft; crevice. 2. 
gorge; narrow pass. 3. a bone. 

kapiti, a. shut in by hills; con- 
fined. He whenua kapiti WHa- 

Kapo, V. t. catch at; snatch, 

Kapo, a. blind. 

Kapowai, n. 1. dragonfly. 2. 

whakakapowai, v. t. steep in 
boiling water. Kei te tao i te 
tangata, kei te kai ; kei te wha- 
kakapowai i te upoko ; ka maoa, 
kei te whakatu, 'Kei a au a 
Raumati' (102). 

Kapii, n. 1. hollow of the hand. 
2. steel adze so called from the 
curved shape. 

kapu, a. curly (of the hair), kapu 
mahora, slightly curled; wavy. 
kapu mawhatii, separated into 
distinct curls, kapu piripiri, 

kapu, V. i. close the hand. v. t. 
drink out of the hollow of the 

kapukapu — Karaua. 


kapukapu, n. sole of the foot. 

kapukapu, v. i. 1. curl (as a 
wave). Ka kapukapu mai te 
Dgaru. 2. gush. 

kakapii, small basket for cooked 

Kapiia, n. cloud ; hank of clouds. 

Kapiinga, n. palm of the hand. 

kapunga, v. t. take up in both 
hands together. 

Kapura, n. fire. 

Kapuranga, n. handful. 

kapuranga, v. t. take up by hand- 
fuls. Kapurangatia nga otaota 
na e ia. v. i. dawn. Ka kapu- 
ranga te ata. 

Kapur&ngi, n. rubbish: u*eeds. 

I . K&r&, n. old man. Tena korua 
ko kara. 

II. K&r&, D. secret plan; con- 
spiracy. Kei te whakatakoto 
kara mo Te Horo kia patua. 

k&k&r&, D. scent: smell. 

k&k&r&, a. savoury; odoriferous. 

kakar&, n. a shell-iish. 

K&rS, n. basaltic stone. 

Kfir&e, n. a bird. 

Kar&h^ n. calabash with a wide 
mouth: bowl: basin. 

KarahT, n. glass. 

K&r&h5, n. floor or platform in 
a canoe. 

KSr&hu, n. oven. 

K&rahue, n. a shellfish. 

Karaka, n. corynocarpus Iwvi- 
gatOj a tree. 

K&r&k&pd, V. t. take up hot coals 
or stones with two sticks. 

Karakia, i. y. i. repeat a form 
if words &c. ; say prayers ; per- 
form a religious service, ii. v. t. 
repeat an incantation &c. over 
a person or thing; lead the de- 
votions of others. 

karakia, n. form of words to be 
recited : incantation ; prayer. 

K&r&m&t&, n. head of a tree. 

K&r&mSa, n. red ochre. 

Karamu, n. coprosma, a shrub, 
of various species. 

Karamuimiii, v. t. swarm upon. 
Tau mai ana te tini o te ngaro 
ki te karamuimui i a au (11). 

Karanga, v. t. call. Tikina ka- 
rangatia a karihi. v. i. call 
out; shout. Ka karanga atu a 
Tatau ki ana tamaiiki, Turu- 
purua te whatitoka me te mata- 
pihi' (47). 

karangaranga, v. i. call frequent- 

Karangata, v. i. remain silent 
when called. He tangata kara- 
ngata; taku mahi he karanga ki 
a ia, kaore ia e whakao mai. 

KSr&ngi, a. 1. restless; unsettled. 
Ka mate te katua, ka karangi 
kau nga kuao. 2. irritated: pro- 
voked. Karangirangi ki ahau. 

whakakarangirangi, v. t. pro- 

K&r&ngH, coprosma, a shrub. 

KSr&p&f a. squinting. He kanohi 

KSr&pi, n. sticks used in building 
to hold reeds or rushes in place. 

K&r&piti, V. t 1. ;;/// or fasten 
together side by side. 2. pinch 
between two bodies. 

k&r&pipiti, a. laid one beside 

K&r&pdti, i. V. t. surround: hedge 
in. ii. V. i. be surrounded. 

K&r&r§h8, n. dog; quadruped. 

K&ratiti, V. t. fasten with pins 
or pegs. Maku e karatiti mai 
te whare. 

KSr&u, n. \,jlredge; grapnel. 
Ma te karau e rapu ka kitea ai 
te taura o te taruke. 2. comb 
for the hair. 3. gage for the 
meshes of a net. 4. trap made 
of loops of harakeke, to catch 
birds that burrow in the ground. 

K&r&u&, n. 1. old man. 2. head 
of the body. 


Karawa — karukaru. 

Karawa, n. 1. dam; mother. 
2. bed ill a garden. 

karawarawa, n. weal; mark of 
a stripe. 

Karawhiu, v. t. whirl; swing 

karawhiu, n. flail. 

Kare, n. 1. ripple. Te kare o 
te tai. 2. lash of a whip. Ko 
te kare o te wepu kia papa i 
runga i te mahuiiga o te Hau- 
hau, kia mataku ai. 

karekare, n. surf. 

karekare, v. i. be agitated. E 
karekare ana te hinu i roto i te 

whakakarekare, v. t. agitate; 
shake up (of liquids). 

kare-a-roto, n. object of pas- 
sionate affection. Te kare-a- 
roto tona iigakau (132). 

Kareao, n. rhipogonum scandens, 
a climbing plant; supple-jack. 

Karearea, n. hieracidea Nov(b 
ZelandicB ; sparrow-hawk. 

Karehe, v. i. run. E karehe ra 
i mua ra. 

Karehii = kdheru, n. spade. 

Kareko, v. i. slip. comp. ka- 

Kareko, n. calico. 

Karemii, n. plug in the bottom 
of a canoe. 

Karengo, v. i. slip. Kei karengo 

karengo, n. an edible seaweed. 

Kabepe, n. grape. 

Karerarera, n. a water plant. 

Karere, n. messenger. 

Kareto, t. i. he untied. 

Karetu, hierochloe redolens ; a 
sweet scented grass. 

Karewa, n. buoy. 

Kaei, n. garden. 

Kari, n. isolated wood; clump of 

Kari, i. v. t. dig for. Kei te kari 
pohue hei o ki te Taiapu (157). 

ii. V. i. rush along violently. Ka 
kari tera te hau nei. 

kakari, v. i. 1. be urgent; be 
importunate. Ka kakari kia noho 
matou. 2. vjrestle ; quarrel. E 
kakari mai ra nga tamariki. 

kakari, v. i. fight. Te whawhai 
nui he kakari; to nga tangata 
tokorua, he kakari. 

kakaritanga, n. valley, compare 

karikari, v. t. strip off. Haere 
ki te nehenehe ki te karikari 
aka hohou taiepa. 

whakakarikari, y. t. notch. Me 
whakakarikari kau te rakau nei. 

Karilii, n. 1. stone of a fruit; 
kernel. 2. iveights attached to 
the lower edge of a dragnet. 
Kua oti nga kupenga ra te tatai, 
piri atu anonga karihi (142). 

Karioi, v. i. loiter; idle. E tama 
e ! he aha koe i karioi tonu ai i 
te wahi na? 

Kariri, v. i. sail together in a 
fleet. E kariri mai nga waka 
ra i te rae. 

Kaeiri, n. cartridge. 

KAEiEi, V. t. k. paura, make car- 

Karito , n. typha angustifolia ; 

Karitiiangi, v, t. dig deep. Ka 
karituangitia ki raro, ki te papa 
o te oneone. 

Karo, n. pittosporum crassifoliumy 
a tree. 

Karo, or kakaro, v. t. 1. parry; 
avoid a blow. Kua karohia te 
matia a Tawharau. 2. pick out 
of a hole, compare tikaro. 

karokaro, n. 1. slave. 2. ma- 
rauding party. 

Karoro, n. 1. sea-gull; larus 
antipodum. 2. a kind of shell- 

Karii, n. 1. eye. Karu mowhiti, 
spectacles. 2. head. 

karukaru, n. rag; old garment. 

Kariiae — Katore. 


KarMe, n. a bird. 

Karuhiruhi, ii. s/ia^; a bird. 

Karupango, n. pupii of Me ei/e. 

Karupe, n. /t'/tie/ of a door. 

Kariire, v. t twist; spin. E 
karure muka ana te wahine nei. 

Kata, u. cart. 

K&t&, v. i. iaugh. He aha tau e 
kata na? Passive kataina, be 
lauf;hed at. Kauaka ahau e ka- 
taina e koutou. 

kak&t&, a. 1. laughing fnquent- 
ly. 2. opening in cracks; 
chapped. Kakata ana te whenua. 

Katae, a. how great. Katae te 
kiikara o te whare nei I (193). 

Katahi, conj. 1. then. Katahi 
ka rewa te taua a Wllakatau- 
potdki (41). 2. now fur the first 
time. Katahi nei pea au ka 
rehea (15). 3. oniy just. Ki 
te kata koutou i a au i te mea 
katahi ano au ka tomo ki roto 
ka mate rawa au (29). 4. to 
express appreciation of any 
quality. Katahi ano te toa ko 
koe! il^hat a brave man you 

Kftt&O, n. u>ater. 

K&t4a, n. right hand. Tu mai 
koe ki katau. 

K&tda, a. whitened. Ka pukai, 
ka katea ou wheua i te pare- 
kura i Bangiriri. 

katea, n. podocarpus dacrydioi- 
des, a tree. 

kStdatSa, a. not dose together; 
scattered. Kei te katcatea tonu 
nga ketc parareka i waenga. 

K&tdk&td, n. small mat to cover 
the shoulders. 

K&tStd, 1. V. t lengthen by add- 
ing a piece. Ka poto te tao, 
ka katetctia atu kia roa ai. 2. 
V. i. move forumrds, Te katete 
te aha. 

katete, n. I. piece joined to a 
spear to lengthen it. 2. large 

katete, a. large. Me te kuao a 
te tohora nei te katete (155). 

Kati, V. t. block up; close against 
any one; stop traffic upon any 

kati, a. shut; closed. Kua kati 
te kuwaha. 

kakati, v. t. sting ; cattse to smart. 
Kei katia koe e te puwerewere. 

kakati, n. bundle; sheaf Kia 
torn kakati korari ka oti. 

kakati, v. t. tie up in bundles. 

katikati, v. i. champ; move the 
jaw as in eating. Ka kai ratou 
i reira; pau ana a nga hoa, 
katikati tonu a Tama (78). 

KSti, V. i. leave off; cease. A! 
Kati te turituri (65). 

whakakati, v. i. beg one to de- 

kati, ad. well; so then; introduc- 
ing a conclusion. Kati, mo noho 
au i konei. 

K&ti&h6, n. portuguese man of 

K&tihi, n. stack of fern root, 

K&tipO, n. 1. venomous spider, 

2. UHlSp. 

S[&tir&m&t&, int. expressing sur- 

K&tirdh§, n. sore throat; quinsy, 

I. K&t6, or k&k&t6, v. t. pluck. 
Katohia etahi puwha maku. 

IL K&t5, a. flowing ; flood (of the 
tide only). £ kore tatou e puta 
i te tai kato. 

K&td&, a. all; the whole. Ka 
whakatika katoa nga tangata 
hokowhitu ki te kimi rakau 

K&t6&, n. Icptospermum scopa- 
rium ; a tree. 

E[St6it6i, V. i. give a response. 
Kahore ano kia katoitoi ake, kia 

K&t6r6, or kat6r§t6r§, a. glim- 
mering, dimly luminous. Te mea 
e katoretore mai ra, he tutac- 


Katote — Kaukau. 

Katote, a. not fixed; displaced. 

Katua, n. 1. full grown animal 
or bird. Ka katuatia, ka tupu 
nga huruhuru. — Frequently used 
of the dam as opposed to the 
young. 2. stockade, or main 
fence of a pa, distinguished from 
the Vita' and 'pekerangi' which 
were outside, and also from the 
parakiri, which was inside. 

Kau, ad. 1. alone; per se; without 
appendage &c. Tu kau ana te 
tangata, the man was naked. He 
ipu takoto kau, an empty vessel. 

2. only. Ko nga patu, he patu 
poto kau (90). — I rangona kautia 
e ia ki te huhu o te patu e haere 
iho ana ki tona angaanga (91). 

3. just. Mutu kau ano ta ratou 
haka, tino katanga o Kae i kata 
ai (87). 4. without kindrance. 
Kihai i taea te korikori, hahau 
kau ana te patu (143). 5. to 
no purpose. A, tangi kau mai 
ki ana taonga, ki tana wahine 
(71). 6. Kahore kau, not at 

Kau, i. V. i. swim; wade. Ka 
kau ia, a ka u ki te kainga o te 
WHatuiapiti (164).— ii. v. t. 1. 
swim or wade across. Te moana 
i kauia e Hinemoa. 2. swim for. 
Kauia to tatou waka. 

kauanga, n. ford; crossing. 

kauanga-wai, the part of the leg 
above the ankle. 

kaukau, v. i. bathe, v. t. anoint 
the head. E kaukau ana a Maru 
i tona upoko. 

kaukauranga, n. bathing place. 

whakakau, v. t. make to swim. 

whakakau, n. charm to aid in 

Kaua, ad. (imperative or optative) 
not. Kaua e kotikotia ta tatou 
ika (22). 

Kauae, n. 1. jaw; chin. 2. wing 
of an army. 3. beam in a build- 

Kauaemua, n. one'^s eldest brother 

or sister. 
Kauaeroa, n. 1. a fish; the same 

as hapuku. 2. party lying in 

Eauaetea, n. a kind of eel: when 

fullgrown it is called whakaau. 
Eauahi, n. a piece of wood upon 

which a stick is rubbed to pro- 
cure fire. 
Kauaka, ad. not (with imperatives 

&c.) — when used absolutely, do 

not; don'^tl 
Eauamo, n. litter ; bed arranged 

between two poles, to carry a 

sick person on. 
Kauanga, n. the star canopus; 

called also Autahi. See also 

under kau. 
Kauangawai, n. the part of the 

leg immediately above the ankle. 
Kauaua, n. hawk. 
Kauawhiwhiwhi, v. i. approxi- 
Kauere, n. vitex littoralis ; a tree. 
kauere, a. crumpled; shrivelled. 

He kauere te tupu o te mara. 
Kauehii, a. turbid; muddy. He 

moana kauehu. 
Kauhoa, n. litter on which a per- 
son is carried. 
kauhoa, v. t. carry on a litter. 
Kauhoe v. i. swim. E kore ranei 

au e whiti ki te kauhoe? (132) 
Kauhou, n. line of ancestry. Ka 

hirihiria ki te kauhou o Hou- 

maitawhiti (127). 
Kauhoro, v. t. .scrape; rub with 

anything rough. I kauhorotia 

a Hoani e te rakau. 
Kauhiia, or kauhuahua, n. 

stringboard or horizontal support 

for the floor of a canoe. 
Kauika, n. heap. 
kauika, 1. v. i. lie in a heap. 

2. V. t. lay in a heap. Kauikatia 

Kaukau, n. spear. See also under 


Kauki — Kawai. 


Kaiiki, u. ridge of a hill. kaurukiruki, a. smoky ; dusky. 

kaiiki, v. i. lie in a heap. E kauki i I te ata, i te inea e kaurukiruki 

mai ra te kai i te rua. j tonu ana te pouri. 

Kaumahaki, u. brace; buttress. Kauta, u. cooking shed. 
Kaiunatiia, n. 1. adult. 2 o/</ Katahanga, a. empty. Ka haere 

man or woman. 'He tira kau- kautuhanga teuei pouaka. 

matua, tena te haere na' e ki Kautahoe v. t. swim across. Na 

ana ko Pararaki: a proverb fori koiiei i kautahoetia ai e ia taua 

anything slow and sure. moana v^^O- 

Kaunaroa, n. body of a canoe Eautangatanga, a. moving brisk- 

without the hanmi &c. I ly. A hea te kautaugatanga ai 

Eaunenehii, a. dusky. Ka kau- ! taua? 

nenehu nei te pouri, ka tae mai EautStS, a. 

matou. I Mata kautete, a weapon consist- 

Kaunoti, n. a piece of wood which ' ing of sharp teeth of tiint lashed 

is rubbed briskly with another tirmly to a piece of wood. 

to procure fire. Sec kaurima- , Kauton^, n. wart. He kautoua 

rima. kci tetalii taringa o taua poaka. 

K&ungaroa, n. sidt fence of a pa. \ E&utiikii, n. a bird, the same as 
Kaupae, n. step of a ladder. j matuku. — tapuae kautuku, a 
Kaupapa, n. 1. lei^l surface; pattern or method of interlacing 

floor. Ka rite te kaupapa o te | the strips of flax in the lining 

rua ki te kaupapa o te awa. — of a house. 

He kaupapa haro, a clean sweep. ^ Kauwae, see kauae. 

2. Jleet of canoes. 3. wise man; { K&uwh&u, v. i. or v. t. 1. recite 

oracle. Na koutou, na nga pu, 
na nga tohunga, na nga kau- 
papa (98). 4. original of a song 
as opposed to a parody. 5. guage 
for the meshes of a net. 

K&up§p&r&, a. Jlat-roofed. 

Kaup&re, v. t turn in a different 
direction j avert. 

Kaupoki, V. t 1. cover over. 
2. iurrrt, 

Kaurang&, n. derivative from kau ; 
see kau. 

Kaurapa, a. having broad lateral 

K&urer§hu, a. dim; 

Kauri, n. 1. dammara australis; 
a forest tree. 2. resin of the 
kauri tree. 3. soot from burnt 
resin, used for tattooing. 

KaurLmarini&, n. a pointed piece 
of wood , rubbed briskly on 
another to procure fire. 

Kaurii, n. head of a tree. 

Kauriiki n, smoke. 

old legends and genealogies. 2. 

K&W&, a. 1. unpleasant to the 
taste; bitter; sour. 2, not re- 
lishing food. Na Hotunui uu 
i ngare mai ki tctahi ika mana, 
he waha kawa nona (141). 

kawa or kawakawa, n. piper 
excelsum,&i>,hTuh. — Ta i te kawa. 
1. remove the *tapu from a new 
building, part of the ceremony 
consisting in striking parts of 
the building with a branch of 
kawakawa. 2. open a new build- 
ing with any ceremony. Hence 
kawa, V. t. the same as ta i 
te kawa. Ka huihui NGatipo- 
rou ki to kawanga o to ratou 

k^k§.w§., V. i. perspire. 

k&k§.wa, n. sweat. 

K&W&, n. heap. Me he kawa 

Kfiw&i, n. I. shoot or branch of 


Kawainga — Keh okeho. 

a gourd or other creeping plant. 
2. pedigree; lineage. Takina 
ou kawai, kia mohiotia ai ou 
tupuna. 3. tentacula of cultle- 
Jisk. 4. loops or handles of a 
kete or maori basket. 

Kawainga, n. stars which imme- 
diately precede the dawn. Ka 
hapai nga kawainga o te ata. 

Kawaka, n. libocedrus doniana; 
a forest tree. 

Kawari, n. a shell fish. 

Kawariki, n. a plant. 

Eawatau, v. i. speak frequently 
of one''s intentions or expecta- 

Kawatawata, a. 1. yearning. Ka- 
tae te kawatawata aroha i a au 
ki taku tamaiti. 2. increasing 
gradually from small beginnings. 
Kawatawata marire te putanga 
mai te hau. 

Eawau, n. graculus varius; cor- 
morant ; shag. E noho ana te 
tangata nei, me te kawau pu 
te ahna (138). 

Kawawa, n. palings of a fence. 

Kawe, V. t. 1. carry; convey; 
bring. Katahi te tangata ra ka 
kawea ki te wai e tona papa, 
ka tohia (17). 2. fetch. E ta, 
kawea atu tetehi wai moku 
(168). 3. induce; influence. He 
kawenga na te humarietanga o 
te WHaturapiti (164). 4. v.i. 
shew determination ; persevere. 
Te whawhaitanga i whawhai ai ; 
ka kawe tetehi, ka kawe tetehi 

kawe, n. 1. handle. 2. straps by 
which a bundle is carried on 
the back. 

kawekawe, n. tentacula of a 
cuttle fish. E haere mai ana 
hoki nga kawekawe o te ta- 
niwha, e pehi ana i te waka 
ki raro (110). 

Kawei, n. for kawai, see kawai. 

Kaweka, u. ridge of a hill. 

kaweka, a. 1. long. Kaweka 
ana te tangata nei; me te ka- 
hika! 2. idling, Kei nga kai- 
nga e kaweka haere ana. 3. 
rambling; digressing. Aua e 
kawekaweka te korero. 

Ka WEN AT A, n. covenant. 

Eawenga, n. burden. See kawe. 

Kawerii, n. bait for cray fish. 

kaweru, v. t. bait or furnish with 
bait. Kawerutia nga taruke. 

Kawititanga, n. wrist. 

Kawiu, V. i. be shrunk. Katahi 
ka kawiu te ringaringa. 

Kawhaki, v. t. 1. remove by force. 
See kahaki. 2. draw out by 
stratagem. E hika ma, kawha- 
kina: mana tonu e whai. Com- 
pare manukawhaki. 

Kawhia, n. a fish. 

Kawhiu. n. a basket used in col- 
lecting paua. 

I. Ke, a. different; strange. He 
whare ke to matou ko ou ma- 
tua (97). 

ke, ad. 1. in or to a different 
place; in a different direction. 
Kei Taranaki ke ratou e noho 
ana. — I anga ke te roro ki te 
tonga. 2. at a different time; 
beforehand. Ko nga taura ano 
kua whiria ketia ra hoki, he 
rangi ke atu. 3. contrariwise ; 
differently to what one expected. 
Ko tutamure ke i haere mai, 
he mate hoki a Te Toare. 4. 
in a different character or ap- 
pearance, puta ke, or rere ke, 

keke, a. in a different line, ma- 
tua keke, uncle or aunt. 

II. Ke, V. i. produce a sharp abrupt 
sound; crack; snap. 

keke, v. i. creak. 

keke, v. i. quack, as a duck. 

Kea, n. discharge from the nose. 

Keha, n. 1. turnip. 2. flea. 

Kehe, n. a fish. 

Kehokeho, a. very clear or trans- 

Kehua — ketoketo. 


parent. Marama kehokeho te 

KShua, n. ghost; spirit, A mo- 
dern word. 

Kei, ad. 1. that not; test. Kia 
ata tangi tatou, kei rongo mai 
aku hoa i patu i a au nei (97). 
2. not. Kia manawanui; kei 
kainga ake i muri i a au (22). — 
Kei paruparu, kei aha, there is 
no mud whatever. 3. whilst 
still. Kia hohoro te haere, kei 
ao ana te ra. 

Kei, prep, (in present time). 1. 
at; on; in. He tangata kei te 
kainga, he kawenga ano tana: 
ko te kawenga, kei runga kei 
ton whare e takoto ana, ko ia 
kei ton nohoauga e noho ana 
(85). 2. with ; in possession of. \ 
Kei a au a Kauraati (102). — j 
Koia kei a koe , it is a you 
say ; — you have it. 3. in the 
act of. Kei te tunu kai mana 
(95). 4. with an adjective or 
neuter verb, to denote present | 
slate^ character^ ifuatily etc. Kei ' 
te ora ano au ^^65). 5. like. | 
Ko ona niho, kei te koi mat& 
(28). 6. (after verbs of motion) 
to. Heoi ka puta te tupua ra 
kei waho o tona rua (150). 

Kei, n. stem of a canoe &c. 

K6ia, V. t steal. 

Kdiwha, ad. 1 . before. Kia ho- 1 
horo tc whariki i te whare, j 
keiwha puta mai tc manuhiri. I 
2. whilst. Kia taria nga kai 
nei, keiwha noho nga langata. 

KSk&, 1. mentally deranged. 2. 
beside oneself with grief. 

Kek§, a. obstinate; stubborn. 

whakakeke, v. i. refusr to speak; 
shew oneself obstinate. 

K9k6, II, nrmptf. See also under 

KC^kSao, n. overcast sky. 

Kekono, n. sea-lion . .seal. 

Kekerepo, a. blind. Kekerepo 
ana te kanohi. 

Kekererti, n. black wood- bug. 

Keko, a. squinting. He kanohi 

whakakeko, v. i. look obliquely 
along an}'thing. Titiro whaka- 
keko, look askance. — Whaka- 
keko pu, take aim. 

Kenokeno, a. stinking; ojffensive. 
Kenokeuo ana te hauuga. 

Kengo, n. 1. night. 2. large white 

kengo, V. i. become night. Ka 
kengo te ra. 

K§6, n. peak or pointed summit. 

keokeo, a. peaked; pointed. Me 
haere ra te puke keokeo. 

whakakeo, a. rising to a peak. 
Kei te ngaru whakakeo e tere 
i Taupo. 

keokeonga, n. peak of a hill, 

KgrekSrS, a. inten.sely dark, often 
used adverbially to intensify 
other adjectives, as pouri kere- 

KSr3k3rdw&i, n. numbness. 

KSr§ng§o, n. lump of earth. 

KSrSra, n. wood pigeon, 

KSr6t5ki, n. outer fence of a pa. 

K§r§ttl, n. 1. clod. 2. thwart of 
a canoe. 

KdrSwhSnua, n. yellow clay. 

Kdri, 1. V. t. dig. 2. v. i. rush 
along violently as wind &c. 

Kdr5, V. i. blink the eyes; wink. 

kero, a. 1. dead. 2. maimed. He 
ringa kero. 

kerokero, v. i. wink frequently. 
Kerokero auau tonu nga ka- 

K§td, n. basket made of strips of 
Hax &c. 

K§t§k§t6, \. i. e.t press surprise^ 
or sorrow. 

KSto, a. extinguished, Kua keto 
te ahi. 

ketoketo, n. 1. sick person. 2. 



Ketii — Kia. 

Ketii, 1. V. t. tui^n up with the 

snout. Kiia ketua taku mara 

e te poaka. 2. v. i. begin to 

ebb. Ka ketu te mata o te tai. 
Keu, V. t. move; and hence pull 

the trigger of a gun. Keua te 

Keukeu, v. i. move oneself. Ta- 

koto tonu te turoro nei, kahore e 

whakakeukeu, v. t. shake. 
Kewa, a. extinguished. Kua kewa 

te ahi. 
Kewha, a. unsettled; irresolute. 

E kewha haere ra i runga mau- 


I. Ki, a. /////. Kua ki te ipu. 
kiki, a. 1. crowded. 2. confined; 



whakakiki, v. t. instigate. Ka- 
tahi ia ka haere ki te whaka- 
kiki i tona iwi kia tikina mai 
taua iwi tutu nei kia whaka- 
ngaromia (118). 

II. Ki, 1. v.t. say; think. 2. v.i. 
speak; utter a ivord. Ui noa 
ki te poupou o te whare, Kaore 
te ki mai te waha. 

kiki, Y. i. speak. Korero noa ahau, 
kihai ia i kiki. 

III. Ki, ad. very. Turituri ki. 
Ki, prep. \. to. E haere ana koe 

ki hea? E haere ana ahau ki 
te whakataki i taku kotiro (49). 
2. into. Ka whina atu ia ki 
te wai (111). 3. towards. E 
haere koe, ka titiro ki te puta- 
nga mai o te ra (110). 4. 
against; at; with. Ka tango 
mahara ia, ka whawhai mai ki 
ona tuakana(12). — Te makanga 
atu te maipi ki nga ngarara, 
ki nga mokai katoa, kua mate 
(96). — Ka haurangi te wahine 
nei, ka riri ki tana teina (139). 
5. for ; in quest of Na Hotu- 
nui au i ngare mai ki te ngohi 
mana (141). 6. concerning; of; 

respecting. Ka korero mai a 
Hotunui ki te kino o tona hoa 
e noho nei ia (141). He whaka- 
paenga ki te rua kumara na 
ona hoa (136). 7. in conse- 
quence of. He tika tou pouri 
ki taku korero (141). 8. by 
means of; with. Tapahia ki te 
toki (64). 9. at; with; on; 
in. Ka noho a Tuau ki te kei 
(1 1 1). — He aha ra tatou te moe 
tahi ai ki a ia? (11) — E hoe 
koe, na, e rua ki roto, e rua 
ki waho (111). — Ka mutu ki 
te wai, kei uta (86). 10. ac- 
cording to. Ki tana whakaaro 
hoki, he wahine pai ia (139). 
11. in the opinion of Ki a 
Tangaroa, me tomo te pa: ki 
a Rangitu, me tuki ata (90). 
•12. in the event of Ki te kata 
koutou i a au, ka mate rawa 
ahau (29). 13. simply transi- 
tive, connecting the verb with 
its object. Ka tango tetehi ki 
te maipi, me tetehi; ka tango 
ano a Hatupatu ki te maipi 
Kia, ad. or conj. 1. to denote a 
wish or proposition. Kia ata 
haere tatou (150). Lest us go 
slowly. — that. Katahi ia ka 
mahara kia tango maminga ia 
i taua kainga (79). 2. to de- 
note a purpose or effect, that. 
Katahi ka peia atu ia kia haere 
atu. — He aha i waiho ai te ma- 
nuhiri kia karanga ana? (168) 
When followed by ai it denotes 
an ulterior purpose, in order 
that. Me whakarite nga hoe 
kia rite rawa, kia tangata ai 
tatou te puta ki waho (169). 
3. to mark the relation between 
the subject and some future time 
or event. Kia rua nga po ki 
muri nei ka ara te marama. — ■ 
Kia ahiahi ka puta ake ai? 
Will he come up in the even- 

Kiaka — kirikiri. 


ing ? Sometimes it may be ren- 
dered by until. Kaua e koti- 
kotia ta tatou ika ; engari waiho 
kia tae atu au ki te tohunga 
(22). Sometimes by when, Tai- 
hoa tatou e haere ki reira; hei 
te ngahuni, kia rupeke te kai 
ki te hapoko, kia takakau ( 1 89). 
4. in negative sentences, after 
kahore, kore or hore. Kahore 
kia po rua. — Kaliore matou i 
tapoko ki te ngahere, kore kia 
iti, kore kia rahi. 5. in insti- 
tuting a comparison, kia penei 
te korahi o to tatou takotora- 
nga, the place where we lay was 
as large as this. 

Kiak&, n. calabash. 

Ki&n5, ad. not yet: (only in past 
time). Kiano taku mahi i oti 

Kiato, n. thwart of a canoe. 

Kiekie, ii. freycinetia Banksit ; a 
climbing plant. 

Kih^, V. i. pant. Tu ana te kiha 
a tou tangata. 

Kih&i, ad. not; (only in pa»i ntnL 
with i). Kihai ano i taro kua 
mate (160). 

Kiliikihi, n. a kind of locust or 

Kiki, a. silenced by argument, 

Kiki, kikl, see under Ki. 

Kikipord, n. two pieces of tvood 
with which time is beaten to a 

Kikimo, see under kimo. 

Kikini, sec under kini. 

Kiklwa, see under kiwa. 

Kikd, or kikokiko, n. 1. flesh. 
2. person : (contemptuously). 
He kiko whakarawaka, a lazy 
ffllnw ; a rag a bond. 


nice whakakikokiko, sham sleep. 

Kikoliung&j n. gangrene. 

Kikopiiku, n. 1. part of the arm 
between the shoulder and the 
elbow 2. warrior; brave man. 

! Kikorangi, n. blue sky. 
I Kikowhiti, n. forearm. 
Kimi, n. calabash. 
Kimi, V. t. seek ; look for. He 

aha tau e kimi mai nei? 
I Kimo, Y. i. wink. 
kikimo, V. i. keep the eyes firmly 

\ kimokimo, t. i. wink frequently. 
K111&, n. echinus or sea urchin. 
KIn&ki, n. food which is eaten 

along with other food. Ka pau 

nga pata kanga hei kinaki mo 

te koura. 
kinaki, v. t eat one kind of food 

with another. Kinakitia ka- 

pana ki te ika. 
Elni, or kikini, v. t. 1. nip; 

pinch. 2. pinch off. Kinitia 

mai tetahi wahi te torori na 

ki a au. 
whakakini, v. i. wink significant- 

('/» 01* ^"'^ '"» intimation with 

the eyes. He korero maminga 

nana; i whakakini mai hoki 

ona kanohi, moku kia noho- 

Kin6, a. evil; bad; hateful. 
kino, ad. with ill usage. I hacro 

noa atu nga hereliere, ehara i 

te mea i toia kinotia e te pa- 

kino, V. t. dislike; hate. E kore 

oti koe e kinongia, ina penatia 

tau mahi? 
whakakino, v. t. pronounce bad; 

treat with contempt. 
Kiokio, n. 1. twenlyfifth day of 

the moon^s age. 2. lomaria pro- 

cera; a fern. 
Ki6rS, n. ;v//,- mousf. 
Kirea, n. land exhausted by frr- 

qucnt cropping. 
Kirehe, n. dog. 
Kiri, n. skin ; bark. Ehara i to 

tu-a-kiri te tangata nana i 

inoi atu; kahore, na te puku 

kirikiri, n. gravel. 


KipikSpuni— Koaha. 

Kirikopimi, n. a kind of eel. 

Kiripaka, n. flint -^ quartz. 

Kiritai, n. space immediately out- 
side the fence of a pa. 

Kiritea, a. ivhiteskinned. He pa- 
keha ia; ina hoki he kiritea. 

Kititoua, n. wart; excrescence 
on the skin. 

Kiriuka, a. unflinching. I whaka- 
roiigo kiriuka etahi. 

Kiriwai, n. inner skin. 

Kita, ad. tightly; fast. Mau kita 
taua maia i ngataura a taua hunga. 

Kite, V. t. 1 , see ; know ; perceive. 
Kua kite mai tana wahine i a 
ia e haere atu ana (118). 2. 
flnd out; discover. Ka rapua 
e ratou he tikanga hei mami- 
ngatanga ma ratou i a Kae, a 
ka kitea (37). 

whakakite, v. t. reveal ; disclose. 


whakakikiwa, v. i. keep the eyes 
firmly closed. Ka whakakikiwa 
ona kanohi i te mamae. 

Kiwei, n. loop or handle of a bas- 
ket. Hapainga ki te kiwei. 

Kiwi, n. apteryx; a bird, kahu- 
kiwi, garment covered with kiwi 

whakakiwi, y. i. look aside. Ka 
whakakiwi nga kanohi i runga 
i te peke. 

I. K6, a particle used before proper 
names and personal pronouns, 
and also before common nouns 
when they are preceded by te 
or any of its compounds, to, 
toku, ta matou &c. 

1. to give emphasis, and hence 
frequently to denote the pre- 
dicate. Ko koe tonu te wai i 
haere mai ai ahau (169). Ko 
taku potiki te tangata nei (17). 

2. to direct attention to the 
subject about which something 
is about to be said. Ko Ma- 
ketu pa, e tu kau ana (81). 
Ko te haerenga mai o Paoa, i 

haere mai i runga i a Kahu- 
nunu (184). 

3. to specify particularly what 
has been already alluded to in 
a more general way; and so 
also to indicate or enumerate 
the individuals signified by a 
dual or plural pronoun. Tera 
ano tetahi pa nui onamata, 
ko Maungawhau (166). — NGa 
ingoa nga waka nei na, ko 
te Arawa, ko Tainui, ko Ma- 
tatua, ko Takitimu, ko Kura- 
haupo, ko Tokomaru, ko Ma- 
tawhaorua (69). — Ko Rauka- 
tauri ratou ko Raukatamea, ko 
Itiiti, ko Rekareka (36). 
II. Ko, prep. 1. to. Ko hea koe 
e haere na? 2. at. Ko reira 
au tu ai, kia tae ake ano koe. 

I. Ko, n. a wooden implement for 
digging or planting, sometimes 
used as a weapon of war. Ka 
werohia ki te ko. 

ko, or koko, v. t. dig or plant 
with a ko. Me koko aku ti- 
naku. — 'Rahirahi, ko : matotoru, 
haruru tu.' 

koanga, n. sowing time. Take 
koanga; whakapiri ngahuru. 

II. Ko, n. girl, used only in ad- 
dressing. E ko! — E ko ma! 

III. Ko, n. 1. yonder place. E 
haere ana ahau ki ko, i a Rewa 
ma. 2. distant point of time. 
A ko ake nei, hereafter. 

IV. Ko, V. i. put out the lips in 
contempt. Ko ana nga ngutu. 

I. Koa, glad; joyful. Ka koa te 
iwi ra ki te kai mana (142). 

II. Koa, ad. intensive. 1. indeed. 
Kihai koa i taro, ka puta atu 
ki te tana a TJenuku raua ko 
Toi (66). 2. in entreaty. E 
hoa, kau mai koa ki konei ("120). 
He aha koa? what matters it? 

Koa, see kowa. 

Koae, see kowae. 

Koaha, a. abortive; shed before 



maturity. He koaha te witi 

K5&k&, n. 1. calabash. 2. coarse 
mat, made of flax leaves. 

Koanu, n. cold. 

Koangaumu, n. charm for depriv- 
ing one's enemies of strength. 
He ika koangaumu, a fish made 
use of in the ceremony of *pure- 
waka*. I taona te ika koanga- 
umu, ma nga tangata nana te 
waka e kai. 

KQangi, a. cool. Engari a konei, 
e koangiangi ana te hau. 

koangi, n. diarrhwa. 

Koao, koaoao, see kowao. 

Koara, v. i. be split open. Kua 
koara te rakau nei. 

Koar§, n. a tree. 

koareare, n. root of raupo. 

Koaro, a. inverted; turned right 
round; inside out ; upside down, 
Huri koaru, turn inside out. 
See also under Kowaro. 

Koat&, n. spy-glass. 

KOHu, n. graculus varius ; shag. 

kO&u&u, n. a kind of musical in- 
strument, played with the nose. 

K6e, pron. thou. Dual, korua. 
Plural, koutou. After the pre- 
positions a, o, ma, mo, na, no, 
ta, to, koe becomes *u\ and 
the preposition and pronoun are 
written as one word, thus, au, 
tou, &c. 

K6e, k6ek6e, v. i. scream as a 

whakakoekoe, or whakoekoe, 
V. t. ticlile. 

K6e&e, n. a fish. 

Koe&t&, n. Jirst sprouts of fern 
after the stalks have been burnt. 

KdehopSrda, n. cuckoo ; the same 
as koekoea. 

Ko§k§, n. 1. old man: adult. 2. 

Koehoea, n. larger cuckoo. 

Koeo, a. 1. off'msire in smell. 
Kua pirau pea te kai nei, ina 

ka puta te koeo. 2. wasting. 

He mate koeo. 
Koera, a. 1. broken, (of clouds). 

Ka koera te I'augi; meake ka 

rangi ataahua. 2. fearful; 

Koero, u. sickness. 
K6§t6eto, n. dry twigs. Tera he 

koetoeto, hei mea kora ma ta- 

Koha, n. 1. parting instructions. 

Tenei taku koha ki a koe, kei 

hopu tou ringa ki te aka taepa, 

engari ki te aka matua (48). — 

Heoi te koha a taua tangata i 

t6 matenga, kia pai tatou te 

noho. 2. respect y regard. He 

koha ki a Te WHerowhero i 

whakarerea ai te pakanga. 3. 

present ; gift. He koha tena 
I naku ki a koe. 4. endeavour; 

effort. Kia puta te koha. 5. 

deficiency. E wha te roa o te 

rakau ; kahore he koha. 6. .770/ ; 

kohakoha, a. diminished. Ka ko- 

hakoha nga kai o te rua. 
K5haha, v. t. prepare fish for 

drying by removing the hones. 
kohaha, n. fish with the bones 

removed, ready for drying, 
KOh&i&, n. girl, 
K5h&md, n. back of the head. 
KOh&ng&, n. nest. 
KOh&ng&-w§k&, a. disordered; 

ragged. Kua hoangaweka nga 

raupo i te hau. 
KOh^i, v. t. mash. Koharitia nga 

kohari, n. mess of mashed food. 
koharihari, v. i. be in pain. E 

koharihari ana a roto toku 


Kohatu, see kowhatu. 

Kohau, v. t. speak frequently of 

what one intends or expects. 
K6h§, n. 1 . passiflora tetrandra ; 

a climbing plant. 2. dysoxylon 


Koheka — Kola. 

spectabile^ a tree, called also 

Koheka, see kowheka. 
Kohengi, or kohengihengi, n. 

vnnd. Ka tika te kohengihengi 

e ihi mai nei. 
Kohera, see kowhera. 
Kohere, v. t. pound fern root ijito 

a cake. Kei te kohere aruhe 

a Tatua ma. 
kohere, n. cake of pounded fern- 
Koheriki, n. \. angelica roscefolia, 

a plant. 2. bidens pilosa. 
Koherii, n. a fish. 
Kohl, or kohikohi, v. t. collect; 

kohi, n. ivasting sickness. 
Kohia, n. passiflora tetrandra, 

a climbing plant. 
Kohi-a-kiko, n. wasting sickness. 
Kohihi, n. a bird. 
Kohikohiko, v. t. do irregularly, 

a bit here and a bit there. 

Kati te kohikohiko: me whaka- 

tepe atu i konei. 
Kohikii, n. 1. a kind of mat. 

Ka takoto nga taonga mo Paoa, 

ko te pueru, ko te kohiku (190). 

2. spit to roast birds on. 3. 

reflected light. 
Kohine, n. girl. Anana! ta te 

kohine pai (170). 
Kohoho, n. solanum aviculare, 

a shrub. 
Kohoi, a. thin; lean. 
Kohoka, n. spit for roasting birds. 
Kohoperoa, n. cuckoo. 

I. Kohii, n. fog ; mist. 

II. Kohu, or kokohu, a. some- 
what concave; bent or warped 
so as to become concave. Engari 
a konei, e koangiangi ana te 
hau, tena ko tua, he kohu rawa. 

kohukohu, n. 1. chickweed. 2. 

a kind of moss. 3. a kind of 

kohu, Y. t. cook in a hangi any 

article contained in a hollow 

III. Kohii. 

kohukohu, v. t. curse. Part of 
the 'pure' ceremony for a newly 
made canoe was called Vhaka- 
maraa i te kohukohu ruahine' 

Kohiia, n. 1. maorioven. 2. boiler. 

Kohiie, n. boiler. 

kohuehue, a. fat. 

Kohuhti, n. a tree. 

kohukohu, see under kohu. 

I. KohumuhiirQU, a. shorn close. 
Kohumuhumu kau ana te mahu- 
nga Te Puri. 

II. Kohumuhumu, v. i. 1. whisper. 
2. murmur. 

Kohungahiinga, n. infant. 

Kohumu, n. land from which the 
fern &c. has been burnt off. 

Kohiira, v. i. appear above ground, 
.sprout up. E kohura ake aua 
te tupu te riwai i raro i te 

Kohiirangi, n. a parasitical plant. 

Kohure, v. t. 1. turn up what is 
beneath the surface. Ka kohu- 
rea te oneone ki te puka. 2. 
take out the bones of birds &c. 
Kohurehurea a tatou kukupa. 

kohure, a. conspicuous. Ka ko- 
hure a Paoa. 

kohure, n. firewood. 

I. Kohuru, n. sapling. 

II. Kohuru, V. t. 1. murder. Ka 
kohurutia a Wahieroa e Matu- 
kutakotako, ka mate (54). 2. 
ill treat grievously. E aue 
haere ana mo te kohurutanga 
e ana tamariki (13). 

Kohutiihutu, n. fuchsia excorti- 
cata, a tree. 

I. Koi, a. sharp. 
koinga, n. point; edge. 
whakakoi, v. t. sharpen. WHaka- 

koia taku toki ki to hoanga. 

II. Koi, conj. for kei, see kei. 
Koia, ad. 1. expressing assent, 

KoiatS — koko. 


/■/ is so. 2. interrogatively, ex- 
pressing surprise, indeed? — is 
it so? **E hoa, ko Takakopiri". 
"Koia?" "Ae, kua kite au: i 
tae ake ano ki Hauraki ra" 
(147). 3. in interrogative sen- 
tences, giving emphasis to a 
question. Ko taku hoa koia 
tau e patai mai na? (147) 4. 
for ko ia, // is that. Ko ia 
tonu ta maua haku ki nga ta- 
ngata. Our ground of complaint 
against the men is just that. — 
Koia ahau te haere ai, That is 
the reason why I did not go. 
Koiat&, V. i. throw up a new 

Kdlhi, a. verandah. 

kOihiihi, a. reduced to splinters. 
Kua koihiihi te rakau. 

koihiihi, v. i. thrill with fear. 

Kdik&r&, n. Jinger. 

K6ing&, n. a kind of shark. See I 
also under koi. 

K5mg6, a, yearning ; fretting. E 
koingo ana toku ngakau ki taku 
hoa ka riro. 

Koipuipu, a. 1 . foot sore : blister- 
ed. 2. overcast with clouds. Ka 
koipuipu te rangi. \ 

I. Kdiri, V. t. plant potatoes &c. 

II. K6iri, V. i. bend the body. 
koiriiri, v. i. writhe. 
Sl0ir6, n. cong^ eel. 
whakakoiro, v. t. make crooked j 

or tortuous. \ 

K6it&r§k§, n. Sew Zealand quail ; 
rolumir Novw Zealandiw. \ 

KOiwi, n. 1. skeleton. lie anal 
koiwi (155). 2. strength. 3. 
intensity. To te mate koiwi! 
4. person; fellow (contemp- 
tuously). Te koiwi kurapa! the 
idle fellow! 
k6k&, n. a coarse mat. 

I. KdkS, n. mother. 

I I . KOka, a, dried up. * Kua ko- 
katia nga kumara. 

K5kako, n. colla'as cinerea, or 
3>//' Zealand crow. 

Kokari, n. new potatoes. 

Kokau, V. t. plant in ordinary 
soil. Ka koia te kumara ki ro 
oneone, kaore he kirikiri, he 
kokau tena. 

kokaii, a. roughly made, unfinish- 
ed. Ta matou waka, he ko- 
kau; ta koutou, he mea ata 

K6k§, V. i. move forwards. Ka 
whanatu ka haere, ka koke te 

K6ke, V. i. creak. 

E5kSk§, n. mussels taken from 
the shell. 

Kokeke, v. i. wind about. Ko- 
keke atu kokeke mai nga piko 
te awa. 

KSk8w&, V. i. wander. 

I. Kdki, u. 1. angle; corner. 2. 
small canoe. 3. stomach of a 
shark, used as a bottle for oil. 
Kokinga-waru, food of indiffe- 
rent qualify, such as is eaten 
in time of scarcity. 

II. Koki, V. i. move ahead as a 

KOki, v. i. sing in early morn- 
ing. Ka koki te manu ka haere 

KOkihi, V. i. shoot; begin to grow. 

kokihi, n. 1. tetragonia cxpansa, 
or Mew Zealand spinach . 2 . bottle 
made of .seaweed. 

KOkiiij i. V. t. dart; throw or 
push any long body end fore- 
most. Kokiritia te hoe ki uta. 
ii. V. i. dart or rush forward; 
charge. Kokiri! kokiri! 

kokiri, n. I. spear. 2. body of 
men rushing forwards. Tokoiwa 
tc kokiri a Ilapata, kotahi te- 
kau ta Piki kokiri. 3. a fish. 

K6k6, n. shovel; .spoon. Te koko 
o te pokohiwi , the shoulder- 

koko, V. t. take up with a shovel 


kokonga — konakitanga. 

or spoon, Kokoa nga waro ki 
roto ki nga kete. 

kokonga, n. corner. 

whakakoko, v. i. move sideways. 
WHakakoko ana te haere o te 
tamaiti kei kitea tana aporo. 

Koko, a. rotten. 

Koko, V. i. make a rumbling noise. 
Koko ana toku raanawa. 

Eoko, n. 1. prosthemadera Novce 
ZelandicBy a bird. 2. ?iet for 
catching kehe. 

Kokohu, see under kohu. 

Kokomako, n. anthornis mela- 
neiira, a bird. 

Kokomo, see under komo. 

Kokomiika, n. veronica of seve- 
ral species. 

Kokopa, see under kopa. 

Kokopi, see under kopi. 

Kokopu, n. 1. a small fresh wa- 
ter fish. 2. a kind of eel. 

Kokoreke, n. coturnix Novae 
Zelandiw ; a kind of quail. Ko- 
koreke pu-ohorere. 

Kokoru, see under koru. 

Kokota, n. a bivalve shellfish. 

Kokoti, see under koti. 

Kokouri, n. haziness caused by- 
smoke &c. 

Kokowai, n. earth from which 
red ochre is procured by burning ; 
red ochre. 

Koma, n. 1. a kind of stone. 2. 
axe head, or other implement 
made of this stone. 

Koma, a. pale; whitish. 

Komae, a. shrunk; blighted. Ka 
komae noa te tupu o te kai. 

komae, n. potatoes &c. withered 
in the sun. 

Komama, v. i. run or fall through 
a small aperture. 

Komanga, n. elevated stage for 
storing food upon. 

Eomaoa, a bare of skin ; ulce- 
rated. He komaoa kei te ma- 
ngai. ^ 

Komaru, n. 1. sun. 2. sail. 

Komau, v. t. keep fire alight, by- 
burying it in embers. Me ko- 
mau ta taua ahi. 

K6m.e, v. i. 1. move the Jaw as 
in eating ; close the mouth or 
lips. Te komenga o nga ngutu 
(153). 2. take food; eat. 

kome, n. food. 

Komeke, n. pounded fern-root. E 
ruke ana i te komeke ki ta- 
haki (190). 

Komeme, a. 1 burst inwards; 
stove in. 2. thin and yielding; 
easily compressed as a calabash 
&c. 3. contracted by cold. Ka 
whahakomemetia te ringa. 

Komiri, V. t. 1. rub with the An- 
gers. 2. sort. Komiritia a ta- 
tou purapura. 

Komirom^iro, n. a bird. 

Komo, or kokomo, v. t. thrust 
in ; put in ; insert. Ka komo- 
tia te tata, a Turi, ka ehua te 
wai (111). 

kokomo, n. contribution by way 
of acknowledgment on the part 
of people to whom a hakari 
is given. 

Komore, n. ornament for the ankle. 

Komuhumuhu, see kohumu- 

Komurii, v. t. 1. rub ojff. Komu- 
rua nga tupu, nga weuweu. 2. 
make supple by rubbing. 

Komiitii, v. t. surprise; intercept. 
Kia tupato: meake ra komutua 
mai tatou. 

komutumutu, n. a fish. 

I. Kona, n. 1. that place, near 
or connected with the person 
spoken to. 2. thai time. 3. that 

II. Kona, n. lower part of the 
abdomen (128). 

konakona, v. t. smell. 
Konae, n. turning in a path. 
Konaki, v. i. feel affection for 

one who is absent. 
konakitanga, n. corner. 

Konana — kopakopa. 


Konlina, a. slanting out of the 
perpendicular. Ka poupou te j 
aho, ka rere te kupenga: ka 
konana, e kore e rere. 

Konao, n. 1. maori oven. 2. 

Konapii) a. shining. Ka konapu 
mai, whero tonu. 

KonatunHtii, v. t. mix up. Ko- 
natunatua te huka ki roto ki 
te paraoa. 

KonSi, n. 1. this place. 2. this 
time. 3. this circumstance. 

K6nek§, v. i. slide along. WHa- 
katakotoria he rango kia ko- 
neke ai te waka. 

koneke, n. sledge. 

konekeneke, n. mat with thrums 
made of strips of the flax leaf 
scraped only at intervals. 

K6nSnd, n. stranger; wanderer, 
person belonging to a tribe which 
has been broken up and scat- 

K5n§n§hu, a. resembling dust. 
He ua konenehu. 

K9n3w&, n. song heard in a dreanij 
regarded as a had omen. Te 
1. he waiata i te po, he 

Konowha, v. i. 1. clo.%e the eyes 
gradually^ the eflfect of drow- 
siness. Ka konewhanewha aku 
kanohi. 2. wander. 

K5ni, V. i. rnot^ ; alter one's po- 
sition. Me koni mai ki tenei 

Kdnia, n. canoe. 

K5nihi, a. 1. stealthy; avoiding 
observation. E whakataka ana 
te ara koni hi o Te Puhihuia 
ratou ko ona hoa (170). 2. 
murdering by stealth. Man tonu 
te konihi, te kohuru a Wai- 

K6nd, n. itmall basket for cook- 
ed fond, 

KOndhi, a. 1 . feeling strong af- 
fection for an absent relative or 

friend. Ka puta mai te kono- 
hiuohi aroha o te tuahine ki a 
ia (32). 2. longing. He konohi 
no raua kia aAve raua te whaka- 

Konohi, the same as kanohi. See 

Kondni, a. crooked. 

Koniii, n. thumb. 

KSnumi, v. t. fold; double, 

Konga, n. live coal, 

kongakonga, a. crumbled into 

kongakonga, n. crumb; frag- 

Kongahu, n. stone. 

K6ngang§, v. i. blaze. E kore 
e kongange te kauaku. (R.) 

kongange, a weak. 

Eongangi, v. i. creak. WHaka- 
rongo iho ki nga papa o te 
waka ra, ka kongangi (177). 

EOng§h§, a. feeble; without 
strength, Kongehe noa iho tona 
liaere i te kawenga a te wehi. 

EOngSngS, a. sinking ; exhausted. 
He mate kongenge, a death from as opposed to a violent 

KOngio, V. i be shrivelled up. 
Kua kongio ke to kapana. 

KOngtl, a. cloudy. He rangi ko- 

kongHngtl, n. small kumara. 

EOngunu, a. broken half through. 

Kongutu-awa, n. mouth of a 

E6p&, or kdk5pS,, a. 1. bent. 
Kua kokopa noa te taupoki. 2. 
crippled; lame. 3. of the wan- 
ing moon. Kihai i kopa te ma- 
rama, kua kitea tona hapu 

kdp&, or kop&ng^, n. 1. angle; 
corner. Tenei ka noho i te 
kopa whare. 2. (kopa) native 

kopakopa, a. wrinkled; creased. 


kopakopa — Kopipi. 

He kopakopa nga rau o tenei 

kopakopa, n. a species of plan- 

whakakopakopa, v. t. fold up. 

Kopae, a. 1. lyvtg sideways, or 
broadside on. 2. having the en- 
trance at the side. Ko tona 
whare, he whare kopae (38). 

kopae, n. 1. sma/l basket for 
cooked food. 2. house orna- 
mented with carved work. 

Kopaki, V. t. wrap; envelop, 

kopaki, u. husk; envelope. 

kopakipaki, n. maize. 

Kopako, n. back of the head. 

Kopana, i. v. t. 1. push. Kopana 
aua te ringaringa a tera ki a 
au. 2. incite; urge. ii. v. i. 
feel a desire. Katahi ka ko- 
pana ake te hinengaro ki te 

Kopani, v. t. 1. shut to. Ko- 
pania mai te taupoki. 2. shut 
up; close up. 3. enclose; shut 

Kopaopao, n. a kind of eel. 

Kopapa, n. 1. small canoe. 2. 

Kopara, n. a bird; the same as 
korimako. Iti te kopara, kai 
takirikiri ana i runga i te ka- 

Kopare, v. t. shade or veil the 

kopare, n. shade for the eyes; 

veil . 

Koparii, a. crushed; mashed. Kua 

koparu nga kapana. 
Kopata, n. dew. 
kopatapata, a. falling in drops. 
Kope, or kopepe, a. in a soft 

mass; pulpy. He mea penu 

nga kapana kia kope ai. 
kope, n. pistol; revolver. 
Kopehupehii, y. t. strike down; 

smash. Akuanei koe tikina atu 

ai, kopehupehua ai. 

Kopeka, v. t. 1. deceive. 2. ob- 
struct. 3. render useless; spoil. 

whakakopekapeka, v. t. hinder 
with unnecessary trifles. 

Kopeke, a. cold. 

Kopekope, v. i. shake in the wind. 
E kopekope ana nga ra o te 

Kopenupenu, v.t. crumple; crush. 
I Kopepe, V. t. pluck. Na wai taku 
' hue i kopepe? 

Kopepe, see under kope. 

Kopere, n. sling, consisting of a 
string attached to a stick. 

kopere, v. t. 1. sli/ig. 2. throw 
violently. Ka koperea te waka 
e te au. 


Ka mahi ia i te whanake, kei 
te whakakopeti mai, ka taia he 

Kopi, a. doubled together by 
means of a hinge or joint; shut; 

kokopi, V. t. double together two 
parts of anything by means of 
a hinge; shut. Kopia iho te 
taupoki te pouaka. 

Kopia, n. kernels of karaka or 
corynocarpus longata, prepared 
for eating. 

Kopiha, n. 1. pit for storing po- 
tatoes or taro. 2. pool of wa- 

Kopiko, V. i. go alternately in 
opposite directions. Kopiko mai, 
kopiko atu, kahore matou i kite 
i te ara. 

kopikopiko, a. going alternately 
in opposite directions. He ara 

Kopio, a. aback; filled with wind 
from ahead. 

Kopipi, a. 1. weak; frail. He 
kopipi te rakau na: kei whati. / 
2 flaccid; withered. Kahore e 
pai te hue na, he kopipi. 3. 
timid. He ngakau kopipi; e 
kore e manawanui. 

Kopipiri - Korapa. 


Kopipiri, a. crowded close to- 

Kopiri, a. crippled; lame. 

Kopiro, V. t. duck: put another 
pei-son's head under water. Kua 
kopiroa te tamaiti e tona tua- 

kopiro, a 1. steeped in water. 
He kaanga kopiro. 2. on the 
same level ; without rapids. Ka 
liaere atu ki te mutunga mai o 
te tutanga kopiro o te wai nei. 

Kopito, II. pain in the abdomen. 

Kdpiupiu, V i. swing; oscillate; 
move to and fro. Kopiupiu noa 
aua te waka i te akinga a te 

K5p6r6, a. truncated: having the 
end cut ojf abruptly. He waka 
koporo, a square sterned canoe. 

KOpfL, n. 1. belly; womb, Ka 
nui haere te mamae ki tona 
kopu (127). 2. a kind of mat 
used as an inner garment. Ko 
te kahakaha i waho, ko te kopu 
i roto rawa. 

Kopu, a. \. full; Jilled up. Kaoro 
i tikctike ako te koputauga o 
te rua kai. 2. blistered. 

KOpua, a deep. 

KOpuha, n. small house. 

KdpQhuri, n. a fish; the same 
as kuhawai. 

Kdpuk&, a. spongy; shrivelled. 

KOpukS, V. t. throw up the soil 
into A///ofX* preparatory to plant- 

KQpukil, n. a closely woven mat. 

KQpuni, a. in a body; all to- 
gether. Kia kopuni te haere, 
kaua c takitahitia. 

KOpapangawhS, n. bulrush. 

KOpaputai, n. sponge. 

KOpur&, n. 1. potatoes or other 
tubers used for seed. 2. old 
person. 3. a plant. 

KOpurii, or kOpurupiiru, a. 
fusty ; mouldy. 

Kopuriia, a. having the belly 

swollen ; dropsical. 
KSpiita, a. blistered. 
koputaputa, n. a lish. 
Koptitoitoi, a. moist: spongy. 
I Koputotara, n. a fish. 
Kopiitiiputu, v. t. put up in heaps. 
I Koputuputua nga kai ma te ma- 

KQptiwai, a. watery. He kino 

en a riwai, he kopuwai. 
1 Kopuwai-totara, n. porcupine fish. 
! K6ra, n. small fragment, or speck 
j of anything. Hokilioki tonu 
I tona ringa ki te mirimiri i te 
' kora i roto i tona kanohi. 2. 

spark. 3. fire ; fuel. 
, whakakorakora, v. t. scatter ; 
distribute in small fragments. 
I WHakakorakorangiatetahi walii 
I ma matou. 

' Eorae, v. t. anoint with red ochre 
I and oil. 

K5r&h&, a. 1. extended; open, 
I 2. shallow. Ho tai koraha to 
' Manawaora. 
koraha, n. open country. 
Kdrahi, a. large; extensive, Kia 
penei te korahi o to tatou ta- 
korahirahi, a. 1. thin. 2. some- 
what transparent. He taewa 
korahirahi (of young potatoes). 
K0r&h5r&h6, n. unfledged young 

KOr&kd, n. albino. 
korakorako, a. having iightrolour- 
ed spots on the skin ; freckled 
Kor&m&, n. a shell fish. 
K5r&xnur&mu, v. t. eat greedily, 
Kaua c kuramuramutia ta tatou 
KOr&ng&, V. t. raise : lift up {lb 5). 
korangaranga, v. i. 1. ache: be 
in pain. E korangaranga ana 
taku manawa. 2. feel annoyed 
or vexed. 
KOrapS., a. with fear. 


koraparapa — Korimako. 

Ka rere mai te tangata ki te 

wero, korapa noa toku ngakau 
koraparapa, a. crossgrained ; 

Korapii, v. i. shine. Te mea e 

korapu mai ra ko oiia mata 

Korara, i. v. i. go in different 

directions ; disperse I haere to- 

puni tonu, kahore i korara. 

ii. V. t. beg. 
Korari, v. t. pluck or tear off a 

twig &c. 
korarirari, v. t. pull to pieces. 

He aha te rakau i korariraria 

korari, 1. Jlower stem of phor- 

mium tenax or N. Z. flax. 2. 

the plant itself, phormium tenax. 
Eorau, n. 1. cyathea medullar is, 

a large tree fern. 2. young 

shoots of ferns. 3. turnip or 

other similar root. 

I. Kore, ad. 1. not. E kore korua 
e ngaro ki kona (46). — Kore 
kau noa ake i kitea tetahi waro 
(158). 2. used as a suffix to 
nouns, and thus forming ad- 
jectives, signifying in each case 
the absence of the quality denot- 
ed by the noun. WHakaaro- 
kore , thoughtless. — ngoi-kore, 
weak &c. 

korenga, n. non-existence; ab- 
sence ; Jion-occurrence &c. He 
kitenga no matou i te korenga 
o te kai ki taua wahi i ma- 
hue ai. 

whakakore, v. t. 1. cause not to 
be. 2. deny. 

II. Kore, a. broken. Kua kore 
ke nga papa o te whare. 

kore, n. fracture, comp. pakore. 
Korea, n. small canoe. 
Korehe, n. open country. 
Koreirei, n. root of raupo. 
Koreke, n. coturnix Novcb Zelan- 
dicB, or iV. Z. quail, called also 

ko koreke. He manu oho oho te 

Korekore, n. twenty frst and 

tiventy second days of the inoon\s 

Korekoreko, a. dazzled. Ka ko- 

rekoreko oku kanohi i te ra. 
Korengarenga, a. 1. overflowing. 

Korengarenga tonu mai te wai 

ki te taha o te kaainga. 2. soft 

Koreparepa, v. t. split. Kore- 
parepangia te papa. 

Korepo, n. shallow swamp, 

koreporepo, a. swampy. 

Korere, n. gutter; tap; funnel 
or anything to guide the pas- 
sage of liquids. 

Korero, v. t. 1. tell; say. He 
aha ta tenei tangata e korero 
nei? 2. address. Korerotia ta- 
tou, e nga rangatira e noho nei; 
korerotia tatou ! — He tangata 
korero-whenua, a peace-maker, 
said of a chief of great influence. 
3. V. i. speak; talk. Ka whaka- 
korerotia ano e ia, a kua nanu 
te reo (42). 

korerorero, v. i. talk much, or 

Koreto, v. i. trickle down ; weep. 

Korewa, a. drifting about; adrift. 
Hi korewa tonu ai au, kaore e 
tukua te punga ki raro. 

I. Kori, n. 1. native oven. 2. small 

II. Kori, or korikori, v. i. 1. 
move ; wriggle. 2, bestir one- 
self. Ka tae atu te karere, ka- 
tahi ka kori te rau-ma-whitu 
ra (157). 

korikori, n. a species of ranun- 

whakakorikori, v. t. move ; shake. 

Korihi, v. i. sing as birds. 

korihirihi, n. tide. (R.) 

Korimako, n. anthornis mela- 
neura, a bird. 

K5ripi — Koropehii. 


Koripi, V. t. cut. I koripi ke 
mai te toki ki toku waewae. 

koripi, n. diarrh(ra. 

koripi, a. vagabond. He porangi 
te tangata ra, ka tahi; he ko- 
ripi, ka rua; he kurapa, ka toru. 

Korirangi, n. 1. a mat ornament- 
ed with white thrums of un- 
scrapedllax. 2. untwisted thrums 
of a mat. 

KQripi, n. fruit of stunted growth. 

KOriro, v. i. sprout. E koriro 
ake ana te tupu o te kapana. 

koriroriro, n. a bird. 

K6riti, a. cautious. Kia koriti, 
kei rokohanga e te kohuni. 

KOritd, n. heart, or young un- 
expanded leaves of a plant. 

I. K5r5, n. 1. noose. Nga koro 
o te rore. 2. fifth day of the 
moons age. 

Korokoro, a. loose; slack. Koro- 
koro noa nga tau o te kakahu. 

korokoro, n. 1. throat. 2. lam- 

whakakoro, v. t. endeavour; in- 
tend. WHakakoro noa matou, 
te taea Patangata. 

LL K5r6, n. person ; man. E pehea 
ana te koro nei? 

K6r6ahu, n. steam. 

Koroai, see korowaL 

K6rd&m&, n. a small fish. 

KdrdhSwini, n. cold. 

K5r5hdkd, n. old man. 

K6r6hQ, n. steam. 

K6r6huha, v. i. boil. 

K6r6i, n. fruit of podocarpus da- 

K6r6ing6in6, a. puling; whim- 
pering. He tangi koroingingo. 

Kdrdirangi, a. wandering. 

K5r6ir6i, v. i. wander idly. He 
aha tau e koroiroi nei, tc haerc 
ki te mahi r 

whakakoroiroi, v. t hinder. He 
aha tau ka whakakoroiroi nei 
i te mahi? 

I K8r6iti, n. little finger^ or toe. 
I K6r6ke, n. person : fellow, ex- 
I pressing familiarity or contempt. 

Heoi, noho ana te koroke me 

taua wahine (135). 
j Koroki, i. v. i. speak ; talk. ii. 

V. t speak to ; tell. Nana ahau 
j i koroki ki te haere. 
Korokio, n. a species of veronica. 
Koromahanga, n. noose. Kia 

ngaro rawa te upoko ki roto 

ki te koromahanga nei (19). 
K6r6niahu, n. steam. Me te ko- 

romahu kapura te ahua. 
K5r5ni&ki, a. suppressed; stifled 

(of feelings). 
whakakoromaki, v. t. suppress 

one's feelings. 
K6r6in&tiia, n. thumb; great toe, 
KdromaiingaungS., n. barnacle. 
Kdromdkd, a. /// loops, coils, or 

whakakoromeke, v. t. coil or 

liHtp up. 

K6r6m§ng§m§ng§, a. crumpled; 

curled up. 
K5r6mikd, n. veronica of several 

koromiko-t&r&ng&, n. yeronioa 

K5r6nae, v. i. 1. lie broadside on, 

Kua koronae te waka ki uta. 

2. V. t. drink out of the hand. 
koronae, n. stile. 
Kdr5ng&tS, v. i. promise without 

performing. "Ko Kauanuhea, 

korongata ki te haere." 
K6r6ngeng§, a. benumbed. 
K6r6p&, u. food offered to the 

atua and eaten by the tohunga 

in the ceremony of 'pure'. 
K6r6pana, i. v. t. fillip, ii. v. i. 

shoot up. Ka koropana ake te 

tupu o te kapana. 
K5r6pShu, v. t. 1. repress. He 

mate hiakai, ka taea te koro- 

pehu. 2. break. Akuanei ko- 

ropehua ai to rakau. 


Koropeke — Kotamutamii. 

Koropeke, a. having the limbs 
doubled itp. 

Koropewa, n. j^ing ; loop ; bow. 

Koropiko. V. i. bow down ; kneel. 

koropiko, n. loop. 

Koropti, a. built with wrought 
timber. He whare koropu. 

Koropuku, a. concealed. He kino 

Koropiipu, v. i. bubble up; boil. 
Te ingoa o te puna, ko Ori- 
ngi, e koropupu ake ana i te 

Koropiita, n. hole. 

koroputaputa, a. full of holes. 

Korora, n. spheniscus minor ; pen- 

KSrori, or kororirori, v. t. stir 

korori, a. twisted. He rakau ko- 

KoRORiA, n. glory. 

Kororipo, n. whirlpool; eddy. 

Kororiwha, n. haliotis virginica, 
a small species of sea-ear ; call- 
ed also marapeka. 

Korotangi, n. pit for storing po- 

Korote, v. t. squeeze ; crush. Apopo 
ia ka korotetia e te ringa pa- 
tuki tuatara o te kainga o Te 

Korotiwha, n. spot. 

korotiwhatiwha, a. spotted. 

Korotti, a. desirous. E korotu 
ana ki te haere. 

Korotiitu, v. t. melt down fat &c. 
He wahine nana i korotutu. 

Korou, n. 1. channel. Kia tika 
ki te korou. (R.) 2. energy ; 
spirit. Korou-kore, listless. 

korou, V, t. purpose; desire. Ko 
te wahi tena i koroutia ai e an 
kia haere ki reira. 

Koroua, n. old man. 

Korowai, n. mat ornamented with 
black twisted thrums. 

Korowawa, n. a fish. 

Korowhana, a^ bentj bowed. 

Korowhanake, n. steam. 

Korowheowheo , a. blowing in 
whirls or eddies. 

Korowhiti, a. bent like a hoop. 

korowhiti, i. v. i. 1. spring up 
suddenly from a stooping posi- 
tion. 2. v^histle through a bent 
finger, ii. v. t. jerk; give a 
sudden impulse to. Na te pou 
koa i korowhiti i rere ai i te 

Korii, a. folded; coiled; looped. 
E koru ana te whakaheke, kia 
maro tonu. 

koru, n. fold; light; loop. Ne- 
kehia mai te koru o te aho. 

korukoru, n. wrinkle; looseness 
of the skin as in aged persons. 

kokorii, or kokorutanga, n. bay ; 
indentation of coast. 

I. Koriia, pron. 2nd person, dual. 
you two. 

II. Koriia, and koruariia, n. 
hole; pit. Ka rere iho taua 
wahine nei ki roto ki te korua- 
rua (13). 

whakakorua, v. t. hollow out; 
excavate. WHakakoruatia te 
takotoranga mo te wai. 

Koriiki, a. cloudy; overcast. He 
raugi koruki. 

Koriipe, n. lintel of a door. 

Koriire, v. i. change; veer round. 
Ka korure te hau. 

Korurii, a. cloudy. 

Korurii, n. figure placed on the 
gable of a house. 

Korurukii, a. cloudy. 

Kota, n. 1. cockle-shell. 2. any- 
thing to cut or scrape with; 
knife; plane &c. 

kokota, n. a shell fish. 

Kotae, n. alluvial soil. 

KQtaha, n. 1. sling. 2. part of a 
chiefs head-dress. Ka mutu te 
heru e tia ana, kia herea te ko- 

kotaha. ad. sideways, askance. 

Kotamutamu, v. i. 1. open and 

Kotara — koukauka. 


close the lips repeatedly. 2. 
Jlash frequently. He aha te uira 
e kotamutamu neir 

Kotara, a. loosened-, untied. 

kotaratara, n. 1 . dance of triumph. 
2. a plant. 

KQtare, n. halcyon vagans; king- 

Kotata, a. split. Kahore touu 
tena kia ngawha; ka kotata 
ano ia. 

kotata, u. a bird. 

Kotawat&w&, n. a shell fish. 

K5t^ a. pale. Kotea tonu te 
moko; kihai i mangu. — He kiri 
kotea; an albino. 

KotSngitSngi, n. gentle wind. 

K5tdr5, u. potatoes steeped in wa- 

KotdtS, D. shoot of a potato. 

Kdti, or k6k6ti, v. t. 1. cut. 2. 
intf-rrept. iie tamaiti kokoti 
tau, a child born prematurely. 
— He tau kokoti pii, a year in 
VI hie h winter comes on prema- 

kotikoti, V. t. cut to pieces; cut 

Kdtiatd, n. a lobed weapon of 
hard wood. 

KOtihS, n. pogornis cincta ; a bird. 

KOtmgdtingd, a. speckled. 

KOtipS, n. purple potato. I 

K6tipll, V. t cut short. Kahore i 
ona tau kotipu (160). He had \ 
no bad seasons^ and therefore \ 
no scarcity of food. See under | 
kokoti. — Ka kotipu to ngarara \ 
hei mate moku. 

Kdtiri, V. i. go or come one at a 
time. Kotiri marire te haere a 
te hanga ra. 

kotiri, n. meteor. 

K5tir6, n. girl. 

Kotiti, V. i. move aside. E ko- 
titi ana ki taku. 

kdtltltl, V. i. wander uhout. 

Kotiu, n. Morth wind. 

Kotiurii, n. headache. 

Kotiwhatiwha, a. spotted. 
Kotokoto, n. 1. sheet of a sail. 

2. sprit to extend a sail with. 

3. projection. 4. small potatoes. 
Kotokoto kau a tatou kai. 

Kotokoto, Y. i. I. squeak. E koto- 
koto ana te kiore. 2. cackle. 

Kotopihi, n. window. 

KOtore, n. 1. lower end. Tama- 
nga-kotore, the youngest in a 
family. 2. a/ius. 3. white clay. 

kOtorStdrS, n. a fish. 

E5tua, n. respect; regard. E 
kawe ana i tana kotua ki a Te 

Kotua, ad. with the back towards 
one. E huri kotua ana te ko- 
rero a taua tangata. 

KOtilhi, n. arch formed by clouds 
in the horizon; the same as 

KOtui, V. t. lace; fasten by lac- 
ing. Kotuia to tatou ra. 

KOtiiku, n. white crane; a bird. 

KOttikti-t&whiti, n. a variety of 

KOtukiitda, n. a variety of po- 

KOtiikutuku, n. fuchsia excorti- 
catUf a tree. 

KOtiLmti, n. stump. 

KOtiitu, a. a basket used for 
catching fish. 

KOtiitti, V. t. melt down fat &c. 

K5u, a. good. E kore e kou ? 

koukou, n. 1. owl; athene Movw 
Zelandiw. 2. a mode of wear- 
ing the hair. 

K5iirSa, n. snapper \ a fish; the 
same as tamure. 

EOilaiia, n. sprinkling rain. 

KOuS, n. posts supporting the 
paepae of a privy. 

K5u8, V. t. scull; steer with a 
paddle or oar. 

KOuk&, n. 1. cnrdylinc australis, 
a tree. 2. roof of raupo. 

koukauka, n. a fish; the same 
as kahawai. 


Kouma — Kowhiri. 

Kouma, n. breast-plate. 

Koumuumu, v. t. whirl round 
and round. Kei koumuumua 
tatou e te ripo. 

Koura, n. craijjish. 

KouRA, n. gold. 

KQurii, n. I. top of a tree. 2. 
head of a river. 

Koutareke, n. New Zealand quail; 
the same as koreke &c. 

Koutou, pron. second person plu- 
ral, ye; you. 

Koutuutii, V. t. dip up. Koutu- 
utua he wai ki roto ki te peere. 

Kowa, or kowawa, a. neap. He 
tai kowawa. 

Kowae, v. t. 1. divide; part. 
Auaka e kowaea te mahunga, 
hei pango tetahi taha, hei uru- 
kehu tetahi taha: auaka e ko- 
waea hei mahora tetahi taha, 
hei piki tetahi taha. 2. pick 
out; set apart. Ka kowaea nga 
roi pai mana. 

Kowao, n. plot of fern land in a 

kowao, a. living in the woods; 
wild. He tangata kowao te ta- 
ngata i pahuatia ai te whare. 

kowaowao, v. t. overgrow; choke. 
Kua kowaowaotia aku kai e te 

Kowarowaro, n. a fish. 


Kei whakakowatawata te ra. 

Kowera, see koera. 

Kowiti, n. a fish. 

Kowha, i. v. t. 1. split open. 2. 
take out of the shell. Kowha- 
tia he pipi ma tatou. ii. v. i. 
1. burst open; split. Ka kowha 
te rauawa. 2. flash like light- 

kowha, n. 1. cockles taken out of 
the shells. 2. summer lightning. 

Kowhai, n. sophora tetraptera, 
a tree. 

kowhaiwhai, n. a pattern of 
scroll ornament. 

Kowhai-ngutu-kaka,n. clianthus 

pun ice us, a shrub. 
Kowhaitau, n. a fish, the same 

as kahawai. 
Kowhaki, v. t. pluck off'; tear 

off, Kowhakiua ana tona mai- 

kuku hei ahi (24). 
kowhakiwhaki, tear off piece by 

piece. Kowhakiwhaki a tetahi 

taro ma te kotiro. 
kowhaki, a. ready to drop off\ 

Kua kowhaki nga papa i te 

ngaunga a te mate. 
Kowhana, a. 1. bent; bowed. 2. 

springing up violently. Ka ko- 
whana i roto i te wahine ra te 

ngakau mate ki a Te Ponga 

hei tane mana (167). 
Kowhane, v. t. bend. Kaua e 

kowhanea; kia maro tonu mai. 
Kowhanga, n. nest, 
Kowhanga, a. overcast with clouds. 

He ra kowhanga i werawera ai. 
Kowhao, n. hole. 
kowhaowhao, n. basket for food. 

E rima kowhaowhao uwhi. 
Kowharawhara, n. astelia Banksii, 

a plant. 
Kowhatii, n. stone. 
Koweka, or kowhekawheka, n. 

garment. I haere mai ahau ki 

tetahi kowhekawheka hei takai. 
Kowhera, v. i. 1. open; gape. 

Ko te pipi, e kore e kowhera. 

— Kowhera ou ringaringa (50), 

loose your hold. 2. burst forth. 

Ka kowhera te uira i roto i 

nga keke o Tawhaki (53). 
Kowheta, v. i. writhe; flounder. 

Ka kowheta te hiku (151). 
I Kowhete, or kowhetewhete, v. i. 
! 1. whisper. 2. murmur. 3. scold. 
' Kowhewhe, a. split open. Ka 
i kowhewhe noa iho te waka, ka 

puta te wai ki roto (HI). 
Kowhio, V. i. whistle. 
Kowhiri, v. t. 1. select. 2. whirl 

round. Kowhiria te manu kia 

mate ai. 

Kowhiti — KumS. 


El5whiti, i. V. t. 1. pull up or 
out. Kua kowhitia nga kumara 
a Te Raro. 2. pick out of the 
shell, cockles &c. 

ii. V. i. 1. spring up or out. 
2. appear, ae the moon. Me 
kore e kowliiti ake tetahi ra 
mSrama a ko ake nei. 

kOwhitiwhiti, n. 1. grasshopper. 
2. water- cress. 

Kowhiuwhiu, v. t. fan ; winnow. 

kowhiuwhiu, n. fan. 

Kowhiwhi, n. pittosporum tenni- 
folium, a tree. 

Kiia, a verbal particle, denoting 
that the action is completed at 
the time indicated. Katahi a 
WHakatau ka nanao ki te pito 
o tana taura, kua kuhua ra e 
ia ki nga pou o te whare (62). 

Kuai, n. a fish. 

Ktl&k&, n. a bird. 

Kfl&o, u. young of animals. 

Kuaro, see kuware. 

Kuata, sec kuwata. 

KtlSmi, V, i. be assembled. 

KUdnd, V. t. urge; press. I ku- 
enctia i hacre mai ai ahau. 

I. Kiih&, or kuhakuha, a. ragg- 
ed; tattered. Kua kuha noa 
atu te kaka nei. 

kuha, n. fragment; scrap. He 
kuha kaainga; a scrap of a 
dwelling place. 

II. Kuh&, V. i. ga.^p. 

Kuhii, V. t. 1. thrust in; insert. 
Kuhua ana te taura ki nga pou 
o te whare. 2. conceal. £ kuhu 
ana i te toki mo te hokinga 

kuhu, n, cooking shcl. 

kuhukuhu, u. pig. 

Kui, n. (abbreviation of kuia) old 
woman, — a common mode of 
address, sometimes applied to a | 
girl. E kui, kawca atu tetehi 
wai mo te manuhiri (168). 

Ktii, a. short of food. Kahore 
auu tau kui (160). 

Kuia, a. old woman. 

Kuihi, V. i. speak in a low tone. 
Tohe noa uu ki te tikanga o 
te korero, kihai i kuihi te waha. 

Kuihi, n. goose. 

Kiiika, v. t. desire. E kuika ana 
te turoro ki te kai mana. 

Ktliki, a. cold. 

KuiRA, n. patchwork. 

Kuka, n. encumbrance; clog, com- 
pare kQtu. Kuka-whare, soot. 

KtLkari, n. 1. young bird. 2. new 

Kuku, V. t. 1. nip. 2. draw to- 
gether. Kukua te kete. 
Ka kukua tona ringaringa. 

kuku, n. 1. pinchers or tweezers. 
Te kuku o tona manawa (164), 
that which had fastened upon 
her affections. 2. a large mus- 

koktiku, n. a mussel. 

Kiikll, V. i. grate ; move with vio- 
lent friction over a rough sur- 
face. Ka rongo a Kupe i te 
kuku te takere o te waka 

Kuku, n. pigeon; carpophaga 
Novw Zelandiic. He huahua 
kuku (138). 

Kukume, see under kume. 

Kiikum6etdk&, u. a mussel. 

Kakup&, n. pigeon; carpophaga 
Sorw ZelandifP. 

KukurSrSw&i, n. a kind of shark. 

Kukuta, see under kuta. 

Kukuti, see under kuti. 

Kiun&nu, v. t. tend carefully; 
foster. He poti na Uekahia, 
ma liongotakutama e kumanu. 

KtlmS.ra, n. ipomtea batatas; sweet 

Ktlni&r&h6u, n. pomaderris el- 
liptic a, a shrub. 

Ktlia&t&, n. a fish 

Kum§, or kiikume, v. t. 1. pull; 

drag. Ka iiauao ia ki te pito 

tana tauru, katahi ka kumea 

(62). 2. pull out; stretch. Ta- 



Kumete — Kurutoitoi. 

kahia ana e Maui te iwi-tua- 
roa, kumea ana te whiore, ka 
haere he kuri (26). 3. drmv 
away to a distance. Ka kumea 
6 Maui te whenua kia roa (20). 

Kumete, n. wooden bowl or trough. 

Kumi, n. 1. a measure of ten 
fathoms. 2. a huge fabulous 

Kumikumi, n. beard under the 

Kumore, n. headland; promon- 

Kumu, n. anus. 

kumukumu, n. gurnard, a fish. 

whakakumu, a. timid; reluctant. 
E whakakumu ana toku nga- 
kau, e kore ahau e haere ma 
te waka. 

whakakumu, n. a creepnig plant. 

Kiine, or kukune, a. plump; 
filled out to roundness. 

Kunikiini, a. dark. Kia kuni- 
kuni ka puta te marama. 

Kungongmgongi, n. a name for 
the kahawai. (R.) 

Kiipa, V. i. belch ; throw up wind 
from the stomach. 

Etlpa, n. mildew. 

Kupae, n. a fish. 

Kiipapa, v. t. 1. stoop. I ku- 
papa mai te tahae, koia hoki 
te kitea ai. 2. ^o stealthily. 
3. be neutral in a quarrel. 

kupapapapa, n. sulphur. 

Ktipara, a. completely blackened 
(of moko covering the skin). 

kupara, n. dogskin mat black 

Kiiparu, n. a fish. 

Kiipenga, n. net. 

Ktipere, v. i. flow swiftly. 

Kupii, n. word; sentence; mes- 

kupukupu, V. i. speak frequently . 
E kupukupu ana tenei tangata 
kia patua te manuhiri. 

Kura, n. 1. red ochre. Nui atu 
te kura o tenei kainga i te kura 

o Hawaiki (74). 2. taiaha paint- 
ed red. Me tango ki te kura 
mahora, na katahi ka horahia, 
na ka mau te rongo (166). 

kura, a. red. He whare kura, 
a house with timbers wrought 
and painted. 

kura, V. t. redden; dye red. Te 
kuranga o Hunakiko (113). 

Kura, n. school. 

Ktirae, n. headland. 

Kurapa, a. idling; trifling; hav- 
ing no object. Te koiwi kurapa! 
the vagabond! 

Kiirapae, n. treasure lit upon 

Kiirapapa, a. flat roofed. 

Kurariiraru, a. perplexed. 

Kiirawhero, n. red garment. 

Kureherehe, a. wrinkled. 

Ktire, v. i. cry like a sea-gull. 
Kure haere ana i; Karoro tipi 

Kurehii, v. i. doze. 

kurehu, a. indistinctly seen. Ku- 
rehu ake i a au e haere ana i 

Kiiri, n. 1. dog. 2. any qua- 

Kuru, V. t. 1. strike with the fist; 
thump. E kuru ana ia i te 
raupo. 2. pelt; strike with so- 
mething thrown. Kurua ki te 

kuru, n. 1. blow with the fist. 
2. mallet; pestle. He kuru 
pounamu (153). 

Kuriihunga, n. a fish. 

Kurumatarerehu, n. tattooed 

Kuriipae, n. beam ; joist ; sleeper. 

Kurupatii, n. upper hem of a 

Kuriipei, n. clod. 

Kiirupopo, n. rotten; worm-eaten 
(of timber). 

I. Kiirutete, v. t. exchange. 

II. Kuriitete, a. stunted. 
Kurutoitoi, a. stunted. 

Kurutote — Maeneene. 


Kuril tote, a. stunted. 

Kuta, kukiita, or kiitakuta, n. 

a water-plant. 
KfLta, n, encumbrance; clog; as 

old and infirm people on a 

march. Kuia atu te kuta kia 

ngahoro atu. 
Ktltai, u. a mussel, 
kutaitai, a. nfa disagreeable taste, 
Kutanga, n. handful. 
Kutao, n. cold. 
Kut©r§, or kat§r§ter§, a. soft; 

uenrlij liquid. 
Ktltdte, V. t. urge on. Kei te 

kutete a Pita kia awe te mutu 

te mahi. 
K&ti, kukiiti, V. t. draw tightly 

together ; purse up, Aua e kutia 

ou ngutu. 
kutikuti, n. scissors. 

! kutikuti, V. t. cut with scissors. 

Kiitu, n. 1. louse. 2. vermin of 
any kind infesting human beings. 

kutukutu, n. 1. maggot. 2. ver- 
min of any kind. 

Ktiwaha, n. entrance; doorway. 

EtLwaiwai, a. wet. Katahi ano 
te kuwaiwai o te ara nei. 

Ktlware, a. 1. ignorant, 2. low 
in the social scale. 3. held in 
no estimation. 

Kaw&ta, y. i. long; yearn; love; 
desire. Ka kuwata noa te nga- 
kau ki te tangata ka ngaro. 

KtlwSto, n. a bird. 

Kawha, n. 1. thigh. 2. connection 

by marriage. 
jKuwharil, n. 1. a grub. 2. a 

KtLwhdwhSwhSwhS, a. puckered. 


M&, conj. and: used 1. to con- 
nect numerals. K ma tekau 
ma wha. 2. to connect points 
of the compass. Tonga ma urn, 
south west. 

MS, prep. 1. for; in the sense 
of *to be possessed by^ or Uo be 
acted on by"* &o. Ho kai ma 
te manuhiri (187). 2. by: after 
a future verb, active in form 
but passive in signification. Ma 
wai e kawe nga tohu ora ki 
uta? By whom will be convey- 
ed &c. which is equivalent to 
*ff'ho is he that will convey* &c. 
3. by means of; in consequence 
of. Ma te kino o te ara e kore 
ai tatou c tae. Conditional sen- 
tences with intransitive verbs 
are sometimes expressed in this 
way. Ma roto hoki kia ora, 
ka pai te korero. If the inner 
man is refreshed y the talking 
will be agreeable: literally By 
the inner man being refreshed &c. 

Mana e haere, e pai ana. If 
he should go it will be well, 
4. by way of. I ma hiwi mai 
ra, i ma te Kowhai, te ara o 
Eaiwhatu e. 

MS, a. white; pale; clean. 

whakama, i. v. t. make white 
&c. ii. V. i. feel abashed; be 
ashamed ; be shy. Ka nui rawa 
te whakama o Paoa (187). 

Ma in the names of streams is 
an abbreviation of manga. Ma- 
kakahi, Ma-karoro, for Manga- 
kakahi &c. 

Maata, n. 1. deep summp, 2. a 
small bird. 

M&e&, V. i. 1. emerge. Kua maea 
te parcra. 2. he taken out of 
the ground f as a crop; be ga- 
thered in. 

Makhe, n. the month of March. 

MSdkS, a. cold. Ho wiri nona i 
te macke. 

MSdn^SnS, a. soft to the touch; 
smooth. He kakahu maeneene. 


Maero — Mahora. 

Maero, n. channel for water-, 

Maero, a. emaciated; listless; 

Maero, n. mile. 

Maewa, v. i. wander. Mana te 
iwi e maewa noa. 

Maha, a. many. 

Maha, a. gratified by the attain- 
ment of a desired object. Ka 
maha hoki pea, ka kitea te 
wahi i kimihia mai ai e ratou 

Mahake, a. small. He kuri ma- 

Mahaki, n. cutaneous disease. 

Mahaki, a. 1. mild; meek. He 
tangata mahaki. 2. calm ; quiet. 
Ka mahaki te hau. 

Mahakii, pron. lengthened form 
of maku; for me. 

Mahana, a. warm. 

Mahanga, n. snare. Me te weka 
ka motu i te mahanga (171). 

mahanga, v. t. ensnare. Maha- 
ngatia te mann hei kai ma ta- 

Mahanga, n. tivins. 

Mahara, n. 1. a portion of the 
intestines. 2. thought; memory; 

mahara , v. t. think upon ; re- 
member; recollect. Ka maha- 
ratia nga korero a Pahaka, ka 
pouri au. 

maharahara, v. t. think frequently 
of; have much in one\s thoughts. 

Maharo, v. i. wonder ; compare 

Mahau, n. porch; verandah. 

whakamahau, n. porch ; veran- 

Mahau, pron. lengthened form 
of man, for thee. 

Mahe, n. sinker for a fishing line. 

Mahea, a. 1. cleared awai/. Kua 
mahe a mai te ua. 2. free from 
obstruction; clear. Katahi ano 
ka mahea te reo. 

Maheahea, a. perceiving indis- 
tinctly. E maheahea kau ana, 
kahore e rongo. 
Maheno, i. v. i. be untied, ii. v. t. 

untie. Mahenoa te kirehe. 
maheno, n. island. 
Maheu, a. scattered. Kei te ma- 

heu noa ake aku mea. 
Mahi, V. t. work at. Kei te mahi 
a Turi i tana mara.^ — Ka mahi 
rapea te pepeha nei (94), as 
the proverb puts it. 
mahi, n. 1. work. Ka kite ra 
koutou i te tini o aku mahi 
(18). 2. abundance. Kua tomo 
te waka i te mahi a te ika. 
mamahi, a. hard working. 
Mahia, n. sound. Me te whai 
tonu atu te waka ra i te ma- 
hia te waha o te kuri ra (121). 
Mahihi. n. facing boards on the 
gable of a house; the same as 
Mahihore, a. peeled off. Kua 
mahihore te hiako o te kapana. 
Mahimahi, n. a waterplant. 
Mahiti, V. i. 1. spring; leap. 
Ka mahitihiti haere te au; he 
papaku. 2. he spent; be ex- 
hausted. Kua mahiti nga hara- 
keke mo te whare. 
Mahiti, n. white mat covered with 
the long hair from dogs'' tails : 
the same as kahuwaero. 
Mahiti, v. t. sort; separate ac- 
cording to size, quality &c. 
Maho, a. floating. E whakamaho 

kau ana i runga i te wai. 
Mahoe, n. meiicytus ramiftorus, 

a tree. 
Mahoewao, n. a tree. 
Mahora, a. 1. spread out; hence 
of food spread out or sewed up 
before guest. Kua mahora te 
kai ma te ope? (59) 2. ex- 
posed to view, ile tango ki te 
kura mahora (166). of a taiaha 
painted with red ochre, used 
on occasions of peace-making. 

Mahore - Maimai- aroha. 


3. lank; drooping. He upoko 
mahora, a head of lank hair. 

4. sen tiered. Kua mahora ri- 
kiriki tatou. 

Mahore, a. peeled. Ka mahore 
te rakau. 

Mahii, a. cicatrized: healed. Kua 
mahu te hiako o toku waewae. 

whakamahu, v. t. heal a wound. 

Mahua, a. raised up; lifted. Me 
ko kia mahua ai nga pakiaka. 

mahiiahua, v. i. rise up; he forc- 
ed up. Kia kiki waenganui, 
kei mahuahua nga kowhatu. 

M&hiie, a. 1. left; left behind. 
Kua mahuc atu na i a koe a 
WHakatau (59). 2. forsaken. 
He k&inga mahue. 3. applied 
to anything extraordinary, per- 
haps as not ordinarily attainable. 
Mahuc rawa te atawhai o te 

whakamahue, v. t. 1. cause to 
be left. 2. finish. Haere noa 
te tangata nei; kahore ano kia 
whakamahuetia tana mahi. 

Mahukihuki, n. part of the ce- 
remony of removing the tapu 
from kumara grounds. 

Mahun&, see mahunga I. 

Mahunu, u. youjig shoots of p ten's 

I. Mfihung&, n. 1. hair of the 
head: lock of hair. Ko nga 
mahunga o Paoa, kino iho; na 
te whiunga o te whanakc i 
whakakino (193). 2. head. 

M&hung&, a. mealy. He kapana 

whakamahunga, v. t. make trial 
of a new crop. 

Mahur&, a. uncovered. Ka ma- 
liuru to umu. 

M&hur&ngi, n. inside of a ku- 

MahiirShurS, v. t. cut to pieces. 
lie mahurehurcnga ra koe naku; 
a, ka tu mai ano tou ringa? 

Mahuri, n. young tree; sampling. 

Mahurii, a. quieted; set at rest. 
Ka mahuru iho o ratou wha- 

Mahiita, v. i. jump. Mahuta atu 
ki tarawahi. 

Mai, ad. hither ; towards the per- 
son speaking. Ka kitea mai e 
haere atu ana; "E! he manu- 
hiri e haere mai nei" (79). 

Mai, n. podocarpus spicata ; a 

MSI, n. mussels taken out of the 

MaiS., a. brave: bold. 

M&iangi, a. raised up. Kua maia- 
ngi tenei pito o te rakau. 

M&i&o, n. abscess, 

M§.iaor§rd, n. a kind of mat; 

M&iSngi, a. 1 . raised up. 2. faint 
from hunger. 

M&ih§, n. fence. 

M&ihSa, n. sinker for a fishing- 

M&ihi, n. facings of the front 
gable of a house, often orna- 
mented with cars'ing. He whare 
maihi, c tu ana ki ro pa. 

maihi, v. t. 1. finish the gable of 
a house. 2. embellish. He ko- 
rero i mahia e te ngutu, i mai- 

M&ihi, a. uneasy in mind. 

maihi, n. a shell-iiBh. 

MSik&, ad. quietly. Mo noho 
maika ki to kainga. 

Mdik&ik&, n. orthoceras Solan- 
drie, a plant. 

M&iki,y. i. remove; depart. Heoti 
ano, ka maiki ia i tcra wahi 

Maikiikii, n. nail of a finger or 
toe; claw; hoof. Kei te mai- 
kuku pango nei te rahi; a say- 
ing for anything very small. 

Maikuku-karewarewa, n. a 

M&iin&i-&r6h&, n. token of af- 


Maimoa — Makiri. 

Maimoa, n. pet; fondling. 
whakamaimoa, v. t. make much 

of; shew great attention to. Na 

ta koutou whakamaimoatanga i 

taua hunga kohuru. 
Maioha, v. t. greet affectionately. 

Maioha tonu mai, ko Te Kaui- 

a-takirau anake. 
maioha, n. token of regard. 
Maioio, a. growing ufeakhj. Tena 

ko tenei, he rakau tipu hou, 

he rakau rea hou, he maioio. 
Maioro, n. 1. embankment for de- 
fence ; earth-work. 2. ditch for 

fortification; covered ditch. Tera 

tetahi pa nui onamata, he mai- 

oro nunui nga maioro (166). 
Maipi, n. a wooden weapon, the 

same as hani, and taiaha. 
Maire, n. 1. song. Tenei te maire 

i rongo atu ai au (108). 2. 

santalum Cunninghami, a tree. 
Maire-tawhake, n. eugenia maire^ 

a tree. 
Mairehii, n. small basket for 

cooked food. 
Maitai, n. iron. 
Maitiiti, n. young man; youth. 
Maka, v. t. 1. throw. E maka 

ana i nga kai ki te moana. 2. 

put; place. 
makamaka, v. t. throw about. 

Makamaka whana, dance the 

ivar dance. 
Maka, a. shy; wild. Koia ano 

te maka o te parera. 
Makahi, n. wedge. 
Makahiiri, n. large stone. 
Makaka, a. bent; crooked. 
makaka, n. 1. a shrub. 2. a 

Makara, n. head. 
Makari, a. small, Makari noa 

ake nei ano te rahi. 
Makariri, n. I. frost; cold. 2. 

Makaro, v. i. 1. be dimly visible. 

I kite atu au e makaro ana i 

konei. 2. sheiv oneself. Koi 

makaro mai nga tangata o tena 
wahi ki te manuhiri, koi aha. 

makaro, ad. dimly; indistinctly. 
I kite makaro ahau i a ia i To- 

Makatikati, a. galling; irritat- 
ing. Ko te korero nei, ko te 
pa me tuku ki a ia, makatikati 
ana i a au. 

Makaro, a. out of sight; lost. 
Kua makaro taku toki. (R.) 

Makau, n. spouse; wife or hus- 
band. Me hoki ki to makau 

Makau, a. at lowest ebb. Kua 
makau te tai. 

Makawe, n. hair of the head; 
locks of hair. Topea nga ma- 
kawe te porokaki. 
j Makekehii, a. light- haired. 

Makenii, n. track; trace. Kei 
ona makenu tapuae tonu e haere 

Makengo, a. wet. (R.) 

Makere, v. i. 1. drop; fall, I 
makere toku kakahu i te ara. 
2. die. Kua makere te tupa- 
paku. 3. get down; alight; go 
down. Ka makere taua tangata 
ki te wai. 

whakamakere, n. remnant. Ka- 
hore he whakamakere o te iwi 

Makerewhatii, a. falling heavily 
(of rain). He ua makerewhatu. 

I. Maki, n. 1. invalid; sick per- 
son. 2. scar. 

makimaki, n. cutaneous disease. 

IL Maki, v. i. have the trouble 
of a thing. Mari ano kia u mai 
te poti, te maki haere ahau ki 
te tiki. 

Makiui, a. gapped; jagged. 

Makinokino, a. disgusted. 

I. Makiri, v. t. take the bones 
out of pigeons &c. preparatory 
to preserving. 

IL Makiri, a. false; unfounded. 

Makitaunu — Manaaki. 


makiri , tipatipa 

He korero 

whenua iiei. 
Makitaunu, y. t. 1. handle mis- 

chievottsly. He aha tau e ma- 
kitaunu i aku mea? 2. tease. 
Mako, 11. 1. a species of shark. 

2. tooth of the same, worn as 

an ear-ornament, 
makomako, n. an'stotelia race- 

rnosa, a tree. 
Makoa, &. at the lowest ebb 

makoa te tai. 
Makoha, n. soft slaty rock. 
Makoha, a. expanded; untied. 

Kua makoha te kawe. 
whakamakoha, v. t. cause to 

expand &c. 
Makoi, n. cockle-shells. 
Makoi, V. t. deal deceitfully wilh. 

Ka tikina ka raakoitia te ta- 

MakdkQr6ri, u. caterpillar. 
Makdna, a. having the appetite 

Mak5wh&, see makoha. 
Maku, pron. Ist person singular 

with preposition ma. See ma. 

for me. Ka maku te whenua; 

the land mill become mine. 
Maka, a. wet; moist. 

koc i te ua. 
makaka, a. somewhat moist. 
Makiiku, a. indolent; inactivr 

He tangata makuku; kaore « 

knikcu e aha. 
Makiir&kilr&, a. glowing; red 

dish. Ka makurakura te ata. 
M&kurti, a. 1. trickling in fre 

Mamae, a. in pain. 

whakamamae, 1. v. t. cause to 
feel pain. 2. y. i. begin to be 
in pain. 

Mamaha, ii. steam. 

Mamakii, n. cyathea medullaris, 
a tree fern. 

mamaku, v. t. prepare timber in 

a particular way wilh the adze. 

\ Ka oti nga pou iiei te mamaku. 

Ka I Mamangi, n. coprosma Baueriana, 

j a shrub. 

M&m&o, a. distant; far away, 
Katalii ka hoea e Turi, ka ma- 
mao ki waho (111). 

Mamao&, n. steam. 

M&m&rUf n. 1. sun. 2. sail, 

M&m§, n. dog with short bristly 
hair. E torn nga marae nana 
i kai aku hipi. 

Maminga, v. t. impose upon ; play 
tricks upon. Kua mohio te wa- 
hine ra, na WHakatau i ma- 
minga (42). 

MSm6r§, a. without accompani- 
ments or appendages : bare. He 
rakau niamore; a tree without 
branches. — He tangata mamore, 
a childless man. 
Kei maku ' liSn&, pron. Srd person singular 
with preposition ma ; for him ; 
for her. See ma. 

ManS, n. 1. authority. Ho ra- 
il _. it ira whai mana a Hongi. 
2. influence. E kore o ora to 
tangata i te mana o taua puhi 
ra (175). 

mana, a. effectual. 

f/uent drops. 2. shewing much I whakamana, v. t. give effect to. 

fruit: having the fruit set. Ka- 
tahi te makuru o to hue! 

Makutu, V. t. bewitch. Kua ma- 
kiituria a Korokai e Tohitapu. 

MakUwarS, a. regardless; un- 

MSm&, a. light; not heavy. 

M&m&, V. i. ooze through small 
apertures : leak. Ka mama ake 
te wai i te pakaru nei. 

Ka whakahau ia i tona iwi kia 
haere ki te whakaroana i to 
tQttl a Manaia (117). 

manamana, v. t. give power to; 
enable. Na nga pu i mana- 
manangia ai nga tangatn ki te 

whakamanamana, v. i. rejoice; 

M&nSaki, v. t. shew respect to; 


Manaeka — Manii. 

entertain. E kore taua taugata 
e manaakitia e NGapuhi. 

Manaeka, n. a garment. 

Manahau, or manamanahau, 
a. 1. cheerful. Ka manahau te 
tu te tangata. 2. exulting; 
elated. Ka manamanahau te 
WHakatohea ki tana atua e 
haere mai ra. 

Manakanaka, a. apprehensive ; 
anxious. Ka manakanaka au 
ki aku hoa ka riro ra. 

Manako, v. t. 1. like. E kore 
au e manako atu ki tera kai- 
nga. 2. set nne''s heart on. He 
manako te koura i kore ai; 
there are no crayfish because 
you set your heart on them. 

Manamanahau, see manahau. 

Manana, a. bent. Manana kau 
ana nga waewae. 

manana, n. Jishing-rod. (R.) 

manana, v. i. give a .signal by 
raising the eyebrows ; wink ; nod. 
Manana mai ana ia ki a au. 

Manapau, n. a tree. 

Manatiinga, n. keepsake. 

Manauhea, a. 1. weak; in ill 
health. Ka manauhea a roto 
i a au. 2. reluctant, l^o roto 
te ngakaukore, ka manauhea to 

Manauri, a. sunburnt. Ka ma- 
nauri tou kiri i te ra. 

Manawa, n. 1. belly. 2. heart. 
3. breath. Ka he toku mana- 
wa; / am out of breath ; or / am 
out of heart. 

whakamanawa, v. i. have con- 

Manawa, n. avicennia tomentosa; 

Manawa-kino, a. internally un- 

Manawa-niu , a. stout-hearted ; 

Manawa-pa, a. 1. grudging. 2. 
loth; reluctant. E manawapa 
ana ahau ki te korero, kahore 

hoki he mea hei hoatutanga 
maku ki a ia. 3. apprehensive. 
Kihai matou i manawapa ki o 
matou whenua kei riro. 

Manawa-popore, a. 1. parsimo- 
nious; stingy. 2. considerate 
for others. 

Manawa-rau, a. internally un- 

Manawareka, a. pleased; satis- 
fied. Katahi ano au ka mana- 
wareka, ka riro mai hoki te 
utu toku kakahu. 

Manene, a. importunate ; asking 
again and again. Kaore e tika 
i a koe nga korero na, e ma- 
nene na koe ki a tera. 

Manene, n. stranger; one living 
in a strange country. 

Mania, n. plain country. 

Mania, a. 1. slippery. 2. slid- 
ing readily over another object. 
3. feeling a jarring sensation ; 
set on edge. Ka mania oku 
uiho. tingling. Ka mania nga 

maniania, a. noisy. 

Manihi, v. t. make steep. Me 
manihi a kona kei eke mai te 
poaka. — Katahi ka manihitia to 
matou haere; then we marched 
in even file. 

Manihira, n. a small fish. 

Maninohea, a. 1. disgusted. E 
hara i te hanga te maninohea 
roto toku puku i te mahi 
a te tangata ra. 2. offensive; 

I. Mano, a. thousand. 

II. Mano, n. inner part; heart. 
Kei aua noa atu, kei te mano 
te whenua. — He wai mano- 
whenua; a permanent spring of 

Manono, n. coprosma grandifolia ; 

a shrub. 
Manu, V. i. float; be launched. 

Ka manu te teretere a Paoa. 
Manii, n. 1. bird. 2. boy''s kite. 

MSnumanu — Mapunga. 


Maniimanil, n. collar-bone. 
Maniimanu, a. rotten. 
whakamanu, v. t. disbelieie. I j 

whakamanu au ki nga korero 

Manuh§k6, a. Jilthy ; nasty. 
Manuhiri, n. visitor; ^aest. 
Manuka, n. leptospermitm scopa- 

rinm or ericoides ; shrubs, or 

Manuk&nuk&, n. anxiety; mis- 

Manukawh&ki, v. t. entice by 

M&nga, n. 1. branch of a tree, 

or of a river. 2. brook ; wa- ! 

ter course; ditch, j 

M&ngS, n. banacouter; a fish. | 
Maiig&, n. remains of food after j 

a meal. Ki te kai te tangata! 

i to manga a te niwahine, kal 

he ia i te ra o te riri, o tO) 

kaaanga wai nrnei. 
M&ngftdk&-tSt&r&, n. a kind of 

MSng&i, n. month. 
Mangaing&i , a. slow ; moving 

heavily. Maugaingai ana nga 

waewao ki te haere. 
Mangftrd, a. mealy. 
M&ngdm&ngS, n. lygodium arti- 

rulaium\ a climbing fern. 
M&ngdngd, a. benumbed. 
mfingGngdngd, a. i^ritty. £ ma- 

ngcnj^enge ana te piki. 
M&Dgdo, V. i. itch. Tu porangi 

noa ana ki te rakuraku i tc 

mangco (77). 
MSngSrS, a. lazy. Mangere ho- 

nla, excessively lazy. 
DiSngi, a, weakened; unnerved; 

the effect of grief, hunger &c. 

Kei te mangi noa au ki taku 

taroaiti ka riro. 
Mangiongio, n. chilblain. 
MangO, n. shark; dw^ish. 
MSng&hS, a. soft. He mangoho 

noa te powhatu nei. 

Mango-pare, n. 1. hammer-head- 
ed shark. 2. a pattern of carv- 

Mang5-tipi, n. a pattern of carv- 

M&ng^ a. black. 

mangumangu, n. ink. 

Mangungu, a. 1. closely knitted, 
or woven. 2. broken off. Ma- 
ngungu noa tona waewae i te 
takauga i runga i te hoiho. 

mSngtLngiingii, a. grilty ; grat- 

M&o, V. i. leave off' raining. Kia 
mao akuanei, ka haere tatou. — 
He pata whakamao, a clearing 

M50&, I a. 1. cooked. 2. ripe. 

Mfiok&, I 3. ulcerated, 

M&om&o, n. a fish. 

M&om&o&, n. first fruits of a ku- 
mara-ground 1 haere ki te 
kawe i te maomaoa ki a Uenuku 

Mftongft, a the same as maoa. 

I. Maori, a. 1. native. 2. He 
wai maori ; fresh water. 

whakamaori, v. i. render into 
thf Maori language. 

II. Maori, v. t. observe; take no- 
tice ^^perhaps used only in cull- 
ing attention to a fact) Maori 
koe kahorehe kai o tenei wahi. 

MSdt&, a. fresh-grown ; green. 
MSp&r&, n 1. gum of the kahi- 

katea tree. 2. wood saturated 

with gum. 3. comb. 
Mfip&u, or mapou, n. myrsine 

Vrvillei; a shrub or small tree. 
whakamapau, y. i. turn brawny 

or red. Ka whakamapau tc 

tupu te kai. 
M&pii, V. i. 1. whiz; hum. 2. 

sigh. 3. pant. Tangi ana te 

mapu i te omanga. 
MSpiia, a. bearing abundance of 

M&piin&pun&, a. rippling. 
MSpiinga, n targe shag. 


Mapura — Marohirohi. 

Mapiira, n. fire. 
Mara, n. plot of ground under 
cultivation ; farm. 

I. Mara, n. a term of address 
to a man, E mara! 

II. Mara, a. prepared by steeping 
in fresh water. He koura mara. 
— Kahore i mara ta taua koura. 

Marae, n. enclosed space in front 

of a hoit^e; yard. 
Marakerake, a. bare; bald. 
Marama, a. 1. light; not dark. 

2. transparent. Marama keho- 

kelio te moana (60). 3. clear 

sounding; loud. 4. easy to un- 

maramaraina, a. somewhat light. 
Marama, n. moon; month. 
Maramara, n. chip; splinter; 

small piece. 
Maranga, v. i. rise up. Mara- 

nga tatou, e ta ma, ka ao te 

Marangai, n. 1. east wind. 2. 

gale of ivind, with rain. 3. 

heavy surf. 
Marapeka, n. haliotis virginicOf 

a small species of sea-ear : call- 
ed al^o Aororiwha. 
Marara, a. scattered; separated. 

Kua marara ke nga tangata ki 

a ratou mahinga. 
mararara, a. rather scattered. 
whakamarara, v. t. scatter. 
Maratea, n. a fish. 
Marau, n. fork. 
Mare, v. i. cough. 
mare, n. cough; phlegm. 
Marea, a. ma7iy ; multitudinous. 
marearea, n. a fish; the same 

as i/iamra. 
Mareherehe, n. trouble. 
Maeena, v. t. mufry. 
Mar ere, n. 1. kumara used in 

certain ceremonies, previous to 

planting. 2. the first kumara 

planted with due ceremonies by 

the tohunga. 
Mar ere, v. i. 1. drop; fall (of 

solid bodies). 2. be given. E 

kore e marere atu aku kai (187). 

3. die. Kua marSre taku tama- 

iti i te po nei. 4. let oneself 

doum ; get doum. 
Marewa, a. raised up. Nawai i 

raro, a ka marewa ki runga 

manu ai (155). 
Mariao, n. ulcer. 
Marie, a. quiet; appeased. Kua 

marie tona ngakau. See m.a- 

Marie, it is good. Marie ano 

kia haere mai koe (199). 
Marmgi, v. i. be spilt, 
maringiringi, v. i. be spilt by 

little and little. 
Marino, a. calm. Aua ra e hoe 

aianei: kia marino te moana. 
marino-to or marino-tokitoki, 

very calm. 
Maripi, n. knife. 
Marire, a. quiet; gentle; appeas- 
marire, ad. 1. quietly; gently, 

2. deliberately. He mea tahu 
marire toku whare i wera ai. 

3. thoroughly ; quite. He ui pai 
marire taku ui. 

Mariri, a. tranquillized ; allayed. 
jS'a ka mariri nei te ngakau o 
Rangi raua ko Tawhiri (6). 

Maro, a. 1. stretched out; stiff. 
Ka maro a raua aho (25). 2. 
hard; solid. Ka maro te paru 
tenei wahi; me kau tu. 3. 
unyielding ; headstrong. 

maroro, a. 1. somewhat stiff &c. 
2. strong. E kore pea koe e 
maroro aianei. 

maro, n. fathom, measured with 
the arms extended. 

whakamaro, v. t. extend &c. 

Maro, n. girdle; worn by fe- 

Marohi, n. \. common fern; pteris 
aquilina. 2. fern-root Ka ngiha 
te ahi marohi (188). 

Marohirohi, a. 1. dispirited; 

Marokau — Matai. 


weary. E marohirohi ana ahau 
i te roa o te ara. 2. strong. 

Marokau, a. single; unmarried, 

Maroke, a. dry. Maroke ki toku 

whakamaroke, u. eaves of a 

Maronui, n. married woman whose 
husband is absent. 

Mar5ro, see under maro. 

Maroro, n. Jhjing Jish. "He ma- 
roro kokoti ihu waka" a pro- 
verbial sajriug for one who 
falls into the hands of a ho- 
stile war party. 

whakamaroro, v. i. be quick. 

Marord, a. wasted; destroyed. Kia 
maroro katoa ai te whenua a 
Tane i a ia (6). 

M&rii, n. 1. pouw; authority. 
Na te maru i a ia, koia matou 
i mataku ai. 2. shield; safe- 
guard. Ko ia to matou rangatira, 
hei maru mo o matou whenua 
i reira. 3. a water-plant. 

maru, a. shaded; sheltered. Ka 
marumani tenei kAinga i te 

whakamanunaru, v. t. shade; 

M&rtl, a. 1. bruised; crushed. 2. 
killed. Kua maru kc nga poaka 
tc tukituki. 3. cooked. £ mau- 
ria mai na ko te mca torouka, 
ko te kete maru. 

MSrua, n pit; valley. 

Maruaia, n. head. 

Mariiao, n. dawn of day. 

Maruar6a, n. the name of the 
third month. 

Marumariiaitu, v. i. appear sud- 
denly. Na te marumaruaitu o 
taua tangata ki runga ki a au, 
na rcira au i oho ai. 

Marutiina, a. bad; worthless. 

M&tS. n. 1. heap. Na tonu te 
raata manu a Turei te tiketike. 
2, a plant. . 

I. M&t&, n. 1. face. 2. eye. 3. 

edge. 4. point. 5. medium of 
communication with a spirit. 
6. charm. He mata tawhito te 
karakia a Tamure (172). 7. 
mesh of a net. 8. a fish, 
matamata, n. \. point; extremity. 

2. headland. He kino no nga 
matamata i hoki ai te waka ra. 

3. source. Kei nga matamata 
o te awa. 4. young of nau- 
huri ; a fish. 

II. Mata, a. raw; uncooked; un- 
ripe; green. He mata nga kai 

M&ta, n. 1. Jlint, quartz or ob- 
sidian y used for cutting. Ho- 
mai he mata kia haea ki taku 
kiri. — Mata-waiapu, stone found 
at Waiapu, near the East Cape. 
— Mata-Tuhua, obsidian found 
at Mayor Island. — Mata-kautete, 
saw- like weapon, made of shark's 
tooth fastened to a wooden frame. 
—2. lead: bullet. 

M&taah5, n. window. 

M&taar&, v. i. watch ; Jiccp awake. 
He kai mataara, a watchman. 

M&taati, a. first-procured. Ka- 
wea te mea mataati m^ te ra- 

MStfih&e, n. divergent stream ivom 
the main channel of a river. 

M&t&h&n&h&n& , a. blushing ; 

M&t&h&r3h&r3, a. offensive. Naku 
te kupu i mataharehare i roto 
i ta matou korero i te po nei. 

Matahi, n. the first and second 
months of the Maori year; the 
first being called 'matahi o to 
tau'; and the second, 'matahi 
kari piwai'. 

M&t&hl&pd, a. precious; prized^ 

MSt&i, V. t. seek to obtain by 
artifice; contrive to get without 
directly asking. Tau mahi ho 
matai: kaore koa e whakama? 

MS,tai, n. podocarpus spicata, a 


Mataika — matarau. 

Mataika, first person taken or 
killed in fight. Kei a au te 

Mataitai, a. tasting of salt; 
brackish. He mataitai te wai 
tenei kainga. 

mataitai, n. 1. fish. Kai touu 
ia i te mataitai o taua roto (78). 
2. salt provisions. 

Matakahi, n. vjedge. Iti te ma- 
takahi; paoa atu ano; na, po- 
tapota noa 

Matakana, a. 1. wary; on the 
look out. Me matakana nga 
kanohi i enei rangi e takoto 
nei. 2. shy; (lis trustful. Ko 
nga mea matakana, me whaka- 

Matakawa, a. 1. distasteful. 2. 

Matakeke, a. hating; bearing 
ill-feeling towards one. Me pena 
rawa korua ko to taina, me 
matakeke rawa? 

Mataki, or matakitaki, v. t. 
look at; inspect; watch. Ka 
mea kia matakitaki ia ki taua 
puhi (175). 

Matakite, n. one who foresees an 
eve tit. 

matakite, v. i. practise divination. 
Katahi ia ka tuhi i tona atua, 
ara ka matakite, hei titiro i 
tona aitua (175). 

Matakokiri, n. meteor. 

Matakoma, a. swollen. He ri- 
nga matakoma. 

Mataku, v. i. be afraid. Pass, 
matakuria, be feared. E kore 
ia e matakuria e ana pononga. 

mataku, a. fearful; inspiring 

wliakamataku, v. i. terrify. 

Matakupenga, n. fat u^hich co- 
vers the intestines. 

Matamata, see under mata. 

Matamiia, a. 1. first. Kua oti 
noa ake ra hoki i a ia tana 
mahi matamua te whakarite e 

I ia (14). 2. elder. Ae, e o 
maua matamua, ka tika (12). 

Mataniii, a. open; above-board. 

Matanga, a. understanding ; ex- 
perienced. Na nga matanga i 
hara mai i tap;. hi. 

Matangaro, a. Te kaho mata- 
ngaro, the batten next to the 

Matangata, a. a univalve mol- 

Matanger enger e, 1 . hen u m bed ; 
cramped. Ka matangerengere 
toku ringa. 2. grieved; vexed, 
3. ashamed. 

Matangi, n. irind. 

Matangohi, n. first person kilted 
or taken in war. Kei a au te 
matangohi (119). 

Matangurungiiru, a. 1. numbed. 
Ka matangurunguru oku ringa- 
ringa i te kopeke. 2. disap- 
pointed ; mortified. Haere ma- 
tangurunguru atu ana. 

Matao, a. cold. Kia matao nga 
kumara ka kainga ai. 

mataotao, a. cool. 

Mataora, a. living; alive. Kia 
kite mataora matou i a Tupe. 

Mataora, n. wedge. 

Matapihi, n. window. 

Matapo, a. blind. 

Matapopore, a. watchful over; 
careful of. Kia matapopore ki 
nga kai, kei hohoro te pau. 

Matapouri, a. gloomy; sad. 

matapouri, n. a species of duck. 

Matapuna, n. source of a river. 

Matara, a. 1. untied; un tuns ted. 
Kua matara te taura. 2. distant. 
Kia matara atu te turanga mo 
te whare. 

Matarahi, or matararahi, a. 

Matarau, a. having many points; 
h un dred-poin ted. 

miatarau, n. 1. forked spear for 
catching fish; grains. 2. net 

MatarehS — Matengatenga. 


fastened to a hoop for catching 

Matarehe, n. a kind of eel. 
Matardka, a. pleasant. 
matareka, v. t. like; be fond of. 

He mea i matarekatia, ua reira 

i okaka ai. 
Matarekereke, a. benumbed. 
Matarere, u. forerunner ; harbin- 
ger. Kua riro te matarere, a 

tc ^ilanihera. 
Matariki, n. Pleiades; the sign 

of the first mouth. 
Matarukuriiku, a. 1. benumbed. 

2. annoyed. Ko ia na toku 

Matat&, V. i. 1. be split; gape. 

Kua matata te kakau o te toki. 

2. open. Me kore e matata 

tona waha ki te whakaatu mai 

i etahi whakaaro ke c puta ake 

i roto i a ia. 
Mat&tS, V. t 1. carry on a litter. 

He mea matata te tangata ra. 

2. defend with a pail. He mea 

matata ki te raupo kei tata ki 
ma 1. a shrub. 

M&t&taau, V. i. move aside. Ma- 

tataau koe ki tahaki, he pouri 

i a matou. 
M&t&t&r&, n. dam for water. 
M&t&t&u, a. looking steadily, or 

constantly. Kia matatau mai 

koutou ki a matou. 
M&t&t&whSy a. open. Kua ara 

to tamaiti, kua matatawha nga 


Matatea ake nei. 
Matatongi. a. thick. Kia pcnei 

te mutatengi o te kakahu. 
Matatira, a. in a row. Matatira 

tonu to ratou tu (38). 
Matatdu&, a. dimmed. Ka ma- 

tatoua nga kanohi i te tiroha- 

MfitattL, V. i. begin to flow. Ka- 

talii ano te tai ka matatu mai. 

Matatu, a. wakeful. E kore e 
moe; matatu touu, kei horo te 

Matau, V. t. 1. know; be ac- 
quainted with. 2. understand. 3. 
feel certain of 

whakamatau, v. t. 1. make to 
know; teach. WHakamatauria 
ahau ki te reo Maori. 2. make 
trial of. Kua whakamatau ahau 
i tera kai ; ehara hoki. 

Matau, prou. for matou, we. 

Matau, n. hook. 

Matau, a. right; 

the right 

hand. Kei te taha matau te 


Matawai, n. fountain-head. 

Mat&w&i&j a. filled with tears. 
Kua matawaia ona kauohi. 

MatawSro, n. charm for killing 
a taniwha. 

M&tS, a. 1 . dead. Ka patua nga 
tohunga, ka mate (56). 2. 
edtinguished. Ka mate te alii 
(25). 3. cut or otherwise pre- 
pared for building &c. Ka mate 
nga rakau mo te whare o NGa- 
tikahungunu. 4. sick; ill. Kua 
mate; kahore i mate rawa (45). 
5. overcome with admiration &c. 
Mate noa ake ki te pai o te 
wahine ra (167). — Ka mate i 
te whakama (187). 6. calmed 
down. Ka mate te moana. 7. 
moving slowly : slack. Tai mate ; 
slack water. 

mate, n. 1. death. 2. sickness. 

whakamate, v. t. 1. put to death, 
2. cause to be sick. 

M&tenui, v. t. 1. desire earnestly. 
\ 2. shew attention to. Kia ma- 
tenui koe ki taku tcina. 

MatSnga, n. head. 

Matengatenga, a. 1. benumbed; 
cramped. 2. aching. Ka ma- 
tengatenga toku tuara. 3. dis- 
gusted. Kaerc matengatenga atu 
ana. 4. causing pain. Kia nu- 


Matengi — Mau. 

nui te tao, kia matengatenga 
ai (118). 

Matengi, a. three (R). 

Mateoha, a. loving; fond. He 
mateoha tonu ki a raua i haere 
tahi tonu ai raua. 

Materoto, n. miscarriage; abor- 

Matewai, a. thirsty. 

Matia, n. spear. 

Matihao, n. finger ; claw. 

Matihe, v. i. sneeze. 

Matika, n. fish-hook. 

Matika, v. t. carry on a litter. 

Matika, v. i. rise up. Kua ma- 
tika mai nga tangata. 

Matikara, n. 1. finger. 2. fish- 

Matike, v. i. rise from a recum- 
bent position. 

Matiko, V. i. 1. descend. Matiko 
iho ki raro (R.). 2. run. 

Matikiiku, n. nail of a finger 
or toe; claw; hoof 

Matimati, ii. toe. 

Matire, and matiretire, n. wand 
used in the ceremony of pure. 
He ran kei runga, he kawa: 
kahore he rau, he matire. 

Matiro, V. t. beg for food. 

Matiti, n. a dry branch of a tree, 
frequented by birds and resorted 
to for the purpose of catching 

Matitore, a. split. Kua matitore 
te rakau. 

Mato, n. deep swamp ; deep val- 

matomato, a. 1. cool. He wai 
matomato, he hohonu. 2. green; 
growing vigorously. 

Matoha, a. 1. untied; undone. 
2. lost. 

Matoke, a. cold. 

Matoro, v. t. ivoo ; pay addresses 
to (131). 

Matorii, n. crowd. Ko tetahi, 
hopu noa ai i waenga parae; 

ko tetahi, tiki tonu ai i roto i 
te matoru tangata. 

matotorii, a. thick. Kia mato- 
toru nga toetoe mo te whare. 

matorutoru, a. benumbed. 

Matou, pr. ive , excluding the 
person addressed. 

Matii, n. fat. 

Matiia, ad. first. Matua ano te- 
nei e hanga. 

matiia, and matiiatua, a. im- 
portant; large; abundant. He 
matua te ika o tera kainga. 

matua, n. 1. main body of an 
army. 2. plural of matiia, 

Matiia, n. 1. parent , and more 
especially, father. Ko te ma- 
tua Tawhaki i mauria matetia 
atu, ko te wahine anake i haere 
ora (46). — plural matiia. 2. 
division of an army ; company ; 
plural matua. Ko nga matua 
a nga tuakana, he maha ano nga 
tangata (101). 

Matiiakumara, n. geranium dis- 
sect urn, a plant. 

Matuatiia, n. a kind of eel. See 
also under Matiia. 

Matiikii, n. bitter n^ a bird called 
also matuku-hurepo. 

matuku-moana, a bird frequent- 
ing the sea shore. 

matukutuku, n. 1. a bird. 2. a 
species of moss. 

Matiiriitiiru, v. i. trickle in drops ; 

Matiitu, a. 1. convalescent. 2. 
remedied. Ka matutu te mate 
o te turoro. 

I. Mau, n. productions of the 
earth. He mau pai nga mau o 
tenei kainga. 

II. Mau, V. t. 1. carry. E mau 
ana i nga hoe ki te waka. 2. 
take up; lay hold of (follow- 
ed by ki). Ka mau a Tutane- 
kai ki ona kahu, ki tana patu 

Mau — Mawera. 


III. Mau, a. 1. Jixed. Ka toia a I 
Tainui, kaore i paueke ; te mau- 
nga iho ano, mau tonii (75). 
2. continuing ; lasting. Ka riro | 
i nga tama a Rangitihi a Roto- 
rua : mau nei, mau nei, a whaka- 
tupuna noatia nga mano ta- 
ngata nei i reira (103). — Kia 
maul stay! 3. confined; re- 
strained. 4. overtaken. Katahi 
ka whaia; mau rawa atu ki Tc 
Hoe. 5. seized. Te taenga ki 
Turanga ka mau i a Piki. 6. 
Ka mau te wehi! /Jow dread- 

Man, pron. 2nd person biugular 
with preposition ma; for thee. 
See ma. 

Mau&, pron. we ttoo; excluding 
the person addressed. 

M&uah&r&, v. i. cherish iU-Jeel" 
ingj or hatred. E mauahara 
tonu ana taua tangata ki a au. 

MaiiSt&r&, a. on one side. 

Maui, a. left; on the left hand. 
Ka tae ki te pekanga o te ara, 
me haere ki maui. 

MStdiii, a. wearied. Ka mauiui 
oku pokohiwi i te amohanga 
i te wahie. 

Mauka, a. dry (R.). 

M&ukdr5, n. carmichfplia anstra- 
lis, ii shrub. 

M&uku, n. hymenophyllum of 
various species. 

mliukiiukii, n. a plant 

Maum&u, v. t waste. Ka raru- 
raru nga rangatira o te Arawa 
mo te maumaunga i a ratou 
kura (79). 

maumau^ad. to no purpose. Mau- 
mau kake noa aliau ki ninga 
ki te maunga. »Sce mau. 

Maiinu, n. hnit. 

Maunu, v. i. \. he drawn from 
bolt, sheath &c. Maunu te pa- 
raoa, kua motu tc upoko (102). 
2. come out; be loosened. Ka 
mauuu te kakau o tc toki. 3. 

be taken off, as clothes &c. 
Ka maunu nga kakahu ka rere 
ki te wai. 4. set forth ; emi- 
grate. Ka mauuu taua hunga, 
ka whai haere ano i a raua 
(68). ^ 

Maunga, n. 1. mountain. 2. see 
uuder mau III. 

Maiingariia, n. rat. 

Mauranga, u. from mau II. 

Maurg, n. twelfth day of the 
mooii's age; — the moon at 11 
days old. Me te maure ka 
puta ake i te pae (167). 

M^urSa, n. a spiral shell. 

Mauri, n. 1. heart; seat of fear 
&c. Ka oho taku mauri i te 
puhanga o te pu. 2. poles of 
mapou used in the "pure" ce- 
remony, sometimes called * ^toko- 
maurC*. 3. sacred offering. Ka 
taia [te karangu] e te tohunga 
ki te mauri. 4. hventy eighth 
day of the moon's age. 

lO^iirii, n. north west wind. 

M&uru, a. quieted; eased. Ka 
mauruuru tc maraac; the pain 
is somewhat eased. 

whakamauru, i. v. t. 1. t/uiet ; 
appease. 2. keep* steady. Puri- 
tia te taura hei whakamauru. 
ii. V. i. subside. E whaka- 
mauru ana mai te tangi o te 

M&u-t&r&-kini, a. held //// /he 
point; or by one end. 

Maute, n. fire (R.). 

M&uwh&. n. small bushes ; brush- 
wood. Ka ngaro ki ro mau- 

MSw&k3, n. S. E. sea breeze. 
(perhaps peculiar to the district 
South of the East Cape). 

M&wShS, V. i. be .separated. Ka- 
tahi ka mawehe a Raugi raua 
ko Papa (4). 

M&wSr&, a. 1. broken into se- 
parate masses, as clouds. He 
mawera te raugi; ho uapo. 2. 


Mawete — Mehameha. 

uneasy in mind. Ka niii toku 

Mawete, a. untied. Kua mawete 
te kawe. 

Mawhai, n. sicyos angulatus; 
a plant. 

Mawhaki, a. broken. Kua ma- 
whaki taku ngira. 

Mawharii, n. thirteenth day of 
the moon'^s age; the moon at 
12 days old. 

Mawhatii, a. hanging in curls; 
covered with curly hair. He 
upoko mawhatu. 

Mawliera, a. open. 

mawhera, n. mouth (R.). 

Mawheto, a. untied; loosened. 

Mawhiti, V. i. 1. leap; skip. 2. 

mawhitiwhiti, n. grasshopper. 

Mawhiti, n. white dogskin mat; 
the same as ma hit i. 

I. Me, conj. 1. if; generally im- 
plying the reverse of the con- 
dition expressed. Me he manu 
kua rere noa atu (16). — He tika 
me i te tohe tonu ki te kara- 
nga (148). — Often in the form 
'me he mea', if the case v)ere 
that &c. Me he mea na te ta- 
ngata tenei mahinga, e kitea te 
whariki o te waka. 2. as if; 
like; as it were. Me he ka- 
wau pu te ahua (138). — Rite 
tahi me tenei. 

n. Me, prep, with ; denoting con- 
comitance or concurrence in 
time; often to be rendered by 
a?td. Ka puta te hau, te ua, 
te whatitiri, me te ngaru katoa 
te moana (93). — Kei te kai 
ano ratou, me tana tikanga ano 
aua rangi o mua ra; me te 
kai, me te tangi (94). 

in. Me, verbal particle, forming 
a kind of imperative future. 
When used with a transitive 
verb, the verb frequent^ has 
a passive signification. Me 

hoe rawa ki te au o te moana 
(21), Let [our canoe] be paddl- 
ed away to mid-ocean. — Ae, me 
haere ke atu au (10). Yes , I 
had better go away. — The fol- 
lowing usage also is not un- 
frequently met with. Kati me 
he purupuru i nga korero. Leave 
off interfering with freedom, of 

Mea, n. 1. thing. Ko te mea 
tenei i korero ra ahau ki a 
koe. 2. a substitute for ano- 
ther noun; sometimes to be ren- 
dered by '*o«e", and sometimes 
not to be translated. Tirohia 
mai tetahi kowhatu, hei te mea 
nui. — He mea whakairi ki ru- 
nga noi ai (11). — Te mea kaha 
ratou, ko Pitaka. 3. such a 
one. mea ma, such and such 

I te mea, when. Ki te mea, 
in case that; if. Me he mea 
if the case where that. Me te 
mea, as if it were; like. Mo 
te mea, and No te mea, be- 

mea, v. t. 1. do. Often as a sub- 
stitute for a more definite word. 
Meatia te mea nei. 2. cause. 
Nana ano i mea kia pa ia (1 6). 

3. say, Ka mea atu a Manaia, 
'Kau mai; kahore he wai' (120). 

4. intend; wish. I mea hoki 
ratou kia tirohia paitia ia (193). 

5. think. Ka mea a Ha, ka 
mate ia (96). 6. to denote lapse 
of time, when it may sometimes 
be rendered, go on. Me te rere 
haere te waka ra, a te Arawa; 
mea, mea, a, ka taka kei waho 
o Maketu (74). — Mea kau ake, 
very .soon ; immediately. 

Meake, ad. (mea ake) soon. 
Meatingia, a passive of mea. 
Mehameha, a. lonely; solitray. 

Mehameha kau ana tenei whe- 


Mehemea — Mingi. 


Mehemea, conj. //. See under 

Meho, a./flAc. Hemeho! Fudge !^ 

a contemptuous contradiction. 
Mehua, n. or v. t. measure. \ 

Mei, n. the month of May. 
Meinga, j passives of mea; 
Meingatia, j see mea. 
Meka, a. true. Only in the ex- 
position, He meka, he meka! 

True, true! 
Mekameka, n. chain. 
Mek&ri, ad. within a little. Me- 

kari tatou mate. 
MSke, V. t. strike with the fst. 
Mek§, n. pounded fernroot. 
Meko, V. t. withhold; repue to 

give. Ka meko to tangata nei 

i tana waka. 
MSkore, ad. within a little. Me- 

kore e tahuri te poti. 
M^meha, v. i. be dissolvej ; pass 

away. Kua memeha ke te hau- 

papa i te whitinga o te ra. 
Memene, see under mene. 
Memenge, see under menge. 

I. Mene, v. i. be assembled. Kua 
meuc mai nga tangata o te kai- 

whakamene, v. t. call together. 

II. Mene, menemene, memene, 
V. i. shew wrinkles. Ka me- 
menc ona paparinga. he smi- 

Menge, mSmSngS, a. 1. shrivell- 
ed, withered. Ka koroheketia 
ka memenge nga ringa nga uaua. 
2. wrinkled. Titiro ai au ki to 
paparinga o to tangata ki te 
memenge (of the wrinkling of 
the cheeks in smiling). 

Mdrd, n. a stono weapon for hand 
to hand fighting, sometimes call- 
ed meremere. 

Merkkara, n. miracle. 

MerengI, n. melon. 

MSroiti, a. small ; inconsiderable 
He mcromeroiti kau te mate. 

Mot&r&r&hi, a. great. 

Meto, a. putrid. Ka metoa nga 

MiERE, n. honey. 

Miere, v. i. become powerless ; be 
exhausted. Ka powharu Wai- 
kato, ka raiere Taurauga. 

I. Mih&, n. distant descendant. 
Tupu rawa i te miha, katahi 
ka ngakia tona mate. 

Miha, V. i. wonder. 

Miharo, v. t. wonder at; admire. 
Pass, miharotia, be regarded 
with wonder or admiration. 

miharo, a. causing wonder. He 
mahi miharo te mahi a te pa- 

Mihi, V. t. 1. greet. Mihi atu 
ana, mihi ana mai ; ka mutu te 
mihimihi, kaui (122). 2. acknow- 
ledge an obligation. 3. sigh for ; 
lament. No reira i mihi ai a 
Tuau ki ana tamariki me tana 
wahino (111). 

Mikara, n. knife. 

MLk6, n. areca sapida ; New Zea- 
land palm- tree. 

Muni, V. i. make water. 

mimi, n. urine. 

Mimih&, n. I. a black bituminous 
substance found in the sea. 2. 

Mimir&, V. t. fasten on the haumi 
or bow-piece to the body of a 

Mimird, v. t. draw together the 
sides of a canoe. Koia i ki ai 
au kia mimirotia to tatou waka 
inaianei. Soe also under miro. 

Mimiti, sec under miti. 

Min& or minamma, v. t. have a 
longing for. Minamina ana tuku 
kaki ki te kai rcka. Minamina 
auahi, taste of smoke. 

Minaka, v. t. desire. E minaka 
ana taku waha ki tc kai nei. 

Min§, V. i. be as.sembled. 

whakamine, v. t. assemble. 

Mingi, n. cyathodes acerusa ; a 



Mingo — momoe. 

Mingo, a. curled; curly. 

mimmgo, a. shrivelled up. 

mingomingo, a. crisped ; frizzl- 

MiRA, n. 7nill. 

Mir a, n. 

mira-tuatini, a saw-like weapon 
made of sharks' teeth fastened 
to a piece of wood. 

miramira, n. uvula. 

miramira, a. at a red heal. Ka 
roa te kainga a te ahi, na, 
miramira kau ana te rino. 

miramira, v. t. give prominence 
to. Naku i miramira te korero 

whakamira, n. lower portion of 
a Jtshing-line, protected by a 
thread wound tightly round it. 

whakamiramira, v. t. make much 
of; treat with deference. He 
mea whakamiramira naku taku 
tamaiti; kei a koe ka tonoa. 

Mira, Y. t. tend carefully ; cherish. 

Miri, n. a mat like the korowai, 
but of a coarser description. 

Miri, V. t. 1. rub. 2. shell maize; 
separate the grain /row the cob. 
3. close to; touch in pass- 
ing. Kia miri kau to tatou 
waka i te taha o te toka. 

Miro, n. podocarpus ferruginea, 
a ti-ee. 

Miro , T. t. spin ; twist. Miroa 
he aho hi ika ma tatou. 

miro, n. 1. thread. 2. whirling 
current of water. 

mimiro, v. i. move swiftly. Haere, 
miroia, kia tere te haere. 

miromiro, n. petroica toitoi, a 
small bird. 

Miti, V. t. lick; lick up. 

mimiti, a. 1. dried up. Kua mi- 
miti te wai o te repo. 2. swal- 
lowed up; exterminated. E! ka 
mimiti toku iwi, akuanei pea 
ka mate hoki ko au. 

Mo, prep. 1. for ; on account of 
Ka kawe nei a Tinirau ki te 

rapu utu mo tana tamaiti (38). 

2. for the benefit of; for the 
use of. NGa aruhe hei o mo 
te taua (40). — Ka wahia i te 
tungaroa he ara whakaputanga 
mo tana tamaiti ki waho (52). 

3. for i. e. to hold &c. Me 
raranga he kete mo nga kai. 

4. against; in preparation for. 
Kia angiangi ai te poho o te 
tangata mo te turanga i te aroa- 
kapa te haka (166). 

Moa, n. 1. dinornis of various 
species; extinct birds. 2. a 
kind of stone. 3. bed or rais- 
I ed plat in a garden. 
j whakamoa, v. t. lay in a heap. 
! WHakamoaina nga powhatu. 
I Moana, n. 1. .sea. 2. roof of a 
kumara rua. 

Moanariia, v. t. repair a mat by 
weaving a fresh piece. Kua 
tawhito te remu, kua wera ra- 
nei tetahi wahi, ka moanarua- 
tia; ka natia houtia a runga 
te wahi i ora, a taea noatia 
te whiri. 

Moari, n. a kind of swing. 

Moariari, v. i. 1. escape narrowly. 
Ko hea te moariaritanga o te 
tawhiti nei inanahi. 2. be alarm- 
ed at sudden danger of another 

Moata, a. early in the morning. 
Kia moata ki te whariki mo 
te kainga nei (192). 

Moe, i. V. i. 1. sleep. 2. dream. 
ii. V. t. marry. I whakaaro ia 
kia moe ia i a Te WHatuiapiti, 
hei tane pai mana (165). 

whakamoe, v. t. 1. put to sleep. 
2. close the eyes. Ka whaka- 
moea nga kanohi, ko te ta- 
ngata ia e ara ana. 3. give 
in marriage. Ko taku tuahine 
ra kia whakamoea ma taku hoa 
takatapui ma Tiki (135). 

momoe, a. 1. of a drowsy habit 
2. keeping the eyes closed. Nana 

moenga — Moko. 


ano i momoe noa; no, ka mate 

tera iwi (62). 
moenga, n. bed. 
Moeahii, n. melicytus rami/lort/s, 

a tree. Te tino motumotu mo 

tatou, ko moeahu. 
Moehewa, v. i. dream. 
Moemiti, V. t. praise. 
whakamoemiti, v. t. praise. Ka 

kite a Paoa i reira i te kuku 

Waiau, ka whakamoemiti ki 
reira (196). 

Moemoea, n. dream. 
Moenanu, v. i. iaik in one's s/eep. 
Moenga, see under moe. 
Moeone, n. a kind of grub. 
M6etitor5, v. i. s/eep wakefutly. 
Moetoropuku, t. i. steep nmke- 


Mohani. n. fern-root. 


momohe, a. flaccid. Heoi ka 

momohe rapea ona tuatara (154). 
Moheke, n. thick Jem-root. 
M5lii, n. a fish. 
MOhio, v.t. understand; recognize. 

Mau e whakaliua atu i tou ingoa, 

a ka mohio mai ia ki a koe 

mohio, a. 1. irise; intelligent. 2. 

siispiciotis. Me pehca ra ka 

whiti ai au, ina hoki c mohio 

tonu ana te iwi nei (132). 
whakamohio, v. t. 1. teach ; cause 

to understand. 2. hint one's 

meaning in a song. 
M6h6, n. 1. a bird. 2. a fish. 

3. blockhead. \ fnnible. Ko te 

moho tena. 
whakamoho, v. i. .^hal .wftli/ on 

any one. Me ata whakamoho 

Mdhoa, ad. to the present time. 

1 a au ano i Poihakcna, a mo- 
hoa noa nei toku mate. 

Mohoao, n. man of the u*oods ; 

hnrharian. Kahore he kupu a 

te mohoao (139). 
M0h5ku, pron. for moku. 

! Mohoririwai, a. ireak ; (of tlie 
eyes). He kanohi mohoririwai. 

Mohil, V. i. .smoulder. Ka ka 
mohu te kakahu. 

Mohiinga, a. crushed; pulpy. 

mohungahiinga, a. crumbling ; 

Mol, V. i. turn sour; ferment. 
Na te werawera i raoi ai a 
tatou kai. 

Moimoi, v. t catt a dog. 

M51010, a. growing weakly. Mo- 
ioio ana te tupu. 

MQiri, a. suspended over. Ka 
moiri te ra ki te pae. 

M6k&, u. 1. end; crtremlty. Koi 
tera moka o te pa tona whare. 
2. a kind of caterpillar. 

wliakam6m6k&, i. v. i. go stealth- 
ily. Kia ata whakamomoka atu 
kei oho nga parera. ii. v.t. 1. 
seek in a stealthy manner. Ma 
tatou e whakamomoka he wahi 
ruru mo to tatou waka. 2. way- 
lay. I haore mai to Hauhau 
ki te whakamomoka pu nia 

MOkS, n. muzzle for the mouth 
of a beast. 

whakamOkS, v.t. muzzle. WHaka- 
mokatia to kuri. 

MOk&i, n. captive; slave, 

m5k&mdkai, and m5kS.ik&i, n. 

1. bird or animal kept in ron- 

Jinemenl. 2. dried human head; 

anything kept as a curiosity &c. 

M6k3, n. .solitary person. He 
moke taua tangata, e noho ana 
ko ia make i tona kainga. 

mokemoke, a. .solitary; lonely. 

MOkShu, n. white clays tone. 

Moki, n. a fish. 

mokimoki, a. a plant. 

MOki, or mSkihi, n. raft gene- 
rally made of flags or rushes. 

Mokinokino, a. lowering; threa- 
tening. He rangi mokinokino. 

Mok6, n. 1. tattoo marks on the 
face or body. 2. lizard. 


mokomoko — whakamomori. 

mokomoko, n. lizard. 

Mokomokorea, a. scarce; soli- 
tar ij. Ka haere ka mokomoko- 
rea te tangata, me noho ki te 
ngaki kai. 

Mokopuna, n. grandchild ; child 
of a son, daughter f nepheiv, 
niece &c. 

Mokorahi. a. great. Me he mea 
i mokorahi ake nei te hau nei, 
kari ana tera i roto i te whare. 

mokorahi, n. extent. 

Mokowhiti, V. i. jump. 

Mokii, pron. first person singu- 
lar with the preposition mo, for 
me. See mo. 

Momi, V. t. suck: suck tip. 

Momipu, a. small. Momipu te 
kaitaka i te paraikete. 

Momo, n. 1. offspring. He momo 
uo Hinematioro. 2. race; breed. 

Momoe, see under moe. 

Momohanga, n. remnant. Kia 
ata kai i nga kai, ka whanatu 
hoki ka momohangatia. 

Momohe, see under mohe. 

Mom.oka, see under moka. 

Momona, a. fat; rich; fertile. 
He whenua momona. 

Momono, see under mono. 

Momori, see under mori. 

Momote, see under mote. 

Momoto, see under moto. 

Momotu, see under motu. 

Momotu, n. firebrand. 

Mona, n. knot of a tree. 

Mona, pron. 3rd person singular 
with preposition mo, for him; 
for her. See m.o. 

Mona, n. scar; trace. 

Monaroa, a. loitering. Ehara i 
te hanga te monaroa o te ta- 
ngata nei; ka kitea pea e ia 
te kore, ka hoki mai. 

Monehii, n. young sprout of fern. 

monenehu, n. a kind of kumara. 

monenehu, a. almost out of sight. 
Ka whakamonenehu te waka. 

MoNi, n. money. 

Monia, a. set on edge. Ka mo- 
nia aku niho. 

moniania, n. fear. Ka hemo te 
moniania o te patu. 

Monimoni, v. i. be cotisumed. 
Monimoni noa nga kumara o 
taku rua i te kiore. 

Mono, V. t. 1. plug; caulk. Kei 
te mono i te pakaru o te waka. 
2. disable by means of charms, 
or incantations. Ka mutu te 
teka, ka maranga ko te mono. 

mom.ono, v. t. disable by incan- 

monomono, a. unpleasant to the 

More, n. 1. tap-root. 2. a fish. 

moremore, v. t. make bald or 
bare ; strip of branches &c. Kua 
moremorea tera taha o te ra- 

moremorenga, n. ejid; extremity. 
Te Moremorenga o te ihu. — 
Te moremorenga o te poho, the 
lower end of the breast- bone. 

Morea, n. remnant. I haere mai 
au, tenei herehere, kia kite i 
enei morea kawana. 

morearea, a. 1. lonely ; dreary. 
Kaore au e noho i konei i te 
morearea i a au. 2. sorrowful. 
Ko tera kua mate; ko te mo- 
rearea kau ki nga ho a noho. 

Morehii, n. survivor. 

Morere, v. i. swing. 

Morewa, a ajloat. Kia morewa 
atu to tatou waka ki waho. 


morimori, a. shorn of branches. 
He rakau morimori, e kore e 
taea te piki. — Morimoringa kai, 
removal of the Hapu^ from crops. 

whakamomori, v. i. commit sui- 
cide, or any other act of de- 
speration. Ka haere rawa i ko- 
nei ki te wkakamomori ki te 
moana, kia kainga e te taniwha 

Morlkarika — Mowhiti. 


Morikarik^, a. 1. abominable. 

1. detesting. 

Moriroriro, v. i. 1. be almost out 
of sight; be just visible. Mo- 
riroriro kau ake i roto i te wai. 

2, become estranged. Kei te 
moriroriro tatou. 

Moroiti, a. small. 

Moroki, ad. expressing conti- 
nuance, in the phrase, Moroki 
noa nei (165); quite up to the 
present time. 

whakamoroki, v. i. remain un- 
moved : repress one's feelings. 

Mororiki, a. small. 

Mororohtl, n. flea. 

Morimga, a. on high; lifted up. 
Kua morunga mai te ra. — A 
ka morunga ake taua whare 

MdtS, V. t. .tuck. E kore e mo- 
tea te u o te koka i te nui o 
to mate. 

mote, n. water. Kia maha nga 
kai ki te mote. 

momote, ad. clandestinely. Kua 
pan te rahui a Pahe te kai mo- 

M9t^, a. whitefaced. 

moteatea, 1. fearful; faintheart- 
ed. 2. scrupulous: hesitating. 
Ka moteatea au ki te patu i 
taua tangata. 

M6t6ngi, a. placed aloft. Kia 
motengi te kai ki runga kei 

MOti, a. consumed; scarce. Tuku 
rawa matou ki a matou kai kua 

whakamoti, v. t. desinnj ; extir- 

M5tih§tih8, n. a bird. 

motihetihe, a. ha ring the hair 
.slandiiig on en<l. 

MOtird, V. t. beg. He tangata 
motiro to tanpata nei. 

M5t6, or mdmdtd, v. t. strike 
irith the fist ; box. 

moto, n. blow with the Jl.^l. 

MotohS, a. 1. obstinate. Katahi 

te iwi motohc ki te haero. 2. 

irresistible. He motohc tc ro- 

ngoa i homai nei. 
M5t6i, n. ear-ornament made of 

Motoi, V. t. beg. 

I. Motu, a. 1. severed. Katahi 
ka tikina rawatia ki te putake 
tapahi mai ai, ka motu (42). 
2. partially severed; wounded 
by a cut. Kei motu koe i te 
toki na. 3. set free by sever- 
ance; escaped. Me te weka ka 
motu i te mahauga (170). 

motu, n. 1. anything isolated as 
an island; clump of trees &c. 
2. cut; wound. 

motumotu, a. divided into isolat- 
ed portions. E! ka motumotu 
I rapea tc whenua e hacrea ana 
j e Te Ponga ma (171). 

motumotu, or mOmdtu, n. fire- 

m5m6tu, v. t. sever; separate. 
Motuhia atu etahi ma NGatiawa 

II. Mdtu, a. cold. He wai motu. 
MotilhakS, a. separated. 
M6tiihang&, n. from mdm6ttl; 

sec under motu. 

Motuh&nga, a. mealy ; floury. Ho 
roi motuhanga. 

MOu, pron. 2nd person singular 
with preposition mo, for thee. 
See mo. 

MOtia, n. back of the neck, 

Mdum6ur§,ng§,, n. 1. betrothal. 
2. Conner /ion by marriage. 

M5ung&, n. 1. half burnt stick. 
2. (for maunga) mountain. 3. 
(for maunga, from mau) circum- 
stance of being fast &c. 

MOw&i, V. i. become moist: wa- 
ter. Ka mowai toku waha. 

MSwhiti, n. ring; hoop. Karu 
mowhiti, eye.9 with rings ^ i. e. 

M5whiti, V. i. (for mokowhiti) 


Miia — Mutiiwhenua. 

Miia, n. 1. the front; the fore 
part, 2. former time, Ki mua; 
i mua &c. before; first. Ko 
te kauae o tona tupuna kua 
riro mai koa i mua atu (19). 
Ki mua i ; i mua i ; hei mua i 
&c. in advance of; previous to. 
He ingoa ano to taua awa i 
mua atu i to ratou taenga ki 
reira (123). a mua, henceforth. 

muanga, a. first-born ; elder. Ka 
whakanuia ake taua tamaiti mu- 
ringa, ka whakaititia iho ana 
muanga (103). 

MuEBA, n. mnle. 

Mahore, a. unsuccessful in fish- 
ing &c. 

Muhii, V. t. push one'^s ivay through 
bushes &c. He ara muhu, a 
path along which one has to 
push one^s way. 

Muhiikai, a. absent; inattentive. 
Ka mahi te taringa muhukai, 
e kore e rongo ki tetahi mana 

Miii, V. t. swarm round; infest. 
Mui noa, ohu noa te tuiau. 

Miika, n. prepared fibre of New 
Zealand flax. 

Miikii, and mukumuku, v. t. 
wipe; rub. 

Miiinuhau, n. eddy wind. Ka 
puta te mumuhau, ka tahuri te 

Miina, t. t. tell or speak of pri- 
vately. Te wa i munaia atu ra 
ki ona tangata (170). 

Mima, n. ringworm. 

Mura, mumiira, muranmra, 
V. i. 1. blaze. Ka mura te ahi. 
2. glow; show a brilliant co- 
lour. Te rata e mumura atu 
ana i uta nei (113). 

Murei, y. t. plunder. Hoki atu 
koutou ka murei. 

Muremiire, v. t. return to a thing 

muremure, n. 1. a grub; the 

same as moeone. 2. ofie who 
spunges on others; trencher- 
Mtirere, a. clever; knowing. 

I. Muri, n. 1. the rear; the hin- 
der part. 2. subsequent time. 
Ki muri ; i muri &c. afterwards. 
— Ki muri i, after; subsequent 
to. — A muri, hereafter. 

muringa, a. youngest. Tana ta- 
maiti muringa (12). He muri- 
nga, or muringa iho; after- 
wards; at length. 

II. Miiri, n. breeze. 
Miirikokai, n. back of the head. 
Muringa, see under muri I. 
Miiritai, n. sea-breeze. 
Miiriwai, n. backwater. 
Murii, V. t. I. ivipe; rub. 2. 

pluck off leaves &c.; gather. 
Ka noho ki raro, kei te muru 
whanake, kei te whiri taura 
(150). 3. plunder. Ka murua 
te kainga o Tipitaha. 

Mutii, a. 1. brought to an end 
abr?iptly; left off. Ka mutu 
ta matou mahi. 2. cropped; 
having the end cut off; mutilat- 
ed. He ringa mutu. 3. come 
OT gone without exception. Mutu 
katoa mai nga tangata ki te 
kawanatanga; kahore he rerenga. 

mutu, V. t. cut short. Me mutu 
i konei. 

mutu, n. perch, being part of 
an apparatus for snaring birds. 

m.utumutu, v. t. crop off append- 
ages as hair, branches &c. Ka- 
tahi ka mutumutua e te tua- 
hine (42). 

whakamutu, v. t. 1. leave off. 
2. cause to be left off. 

■whakam.utunga, n. youngest son. 
Na te kaha o te whakamutu- 
nga, nana i tango ake, ana, ka 
whai whenua (29). 

Mutiiwhenua, n. the moon lit 
28 days old. 


Na — Nane. 



Na, ud. 1. used to call attention 
at the commencement of a nar- 
rative, or of a particular stage 
in a narrative. Na, tenei ano 
te take i haere mai ai a Turi 
ki tenei motu (107) — to intro- 
duce some new element into a 
narrative; or to introduce an 
emphatic statement to which 
especial attention is desired to 
be drawn. 2. denoting posi- 
tion near, or some connection 
with the person spoken to. Ko 
tc wai heru tena na; ko te wai 
whakaata tenei na (54). 

n&n&, int. see! 

N&, prep. 1. by; made bt/ ; acted 
on in any way by: the verb 
explaining the chiuiicter of the 
action being in the active form. 
Na wai koe i homai ki konei? 
(38) begotten by. Na wai koe? 
(57) 2. possessed by ; behnging 
to. Na Ihenga tena kupenga. 
3. by reason of; on account of. 
Na te kino hoki i mahuc ai te 
whenua (82). — Na reira i tika 
ai ta ratou heke mai (68). 4. 
hy way of I haere na uta. 

Na, V. i. be .satisfied. Tangohia 
tenei kakahu kia na ai tou nga- 

whakana, v. t. satisfy. 

Naenae, n. mu.squito. 

Naeroa, n. mitst/uito. 

Nahaku, for naku, by inc ,• />e- 
lonfrinp to me &c. See na. 

NSh&u, for nau, by thee; belong- 
in^ to thee &c. See na. 

N&h&u, a. quick. Compare nga- 

N&hea, a. tong (in time). Ka na- 
liea te ngaronga atu o Moka. 

Nahin&hi, n. convotvulus septum ; 
a plant. 

Naka, ad. denoting position near 
or connection in some way with 
the person spoken to. I to 
ara nui naka. 

NIkahT, n. serpent. 

Nakinaki, n. a plant. 

Naku, pron. 1st person singular 
with preposition na, by me; be- 
longing to me &c. See na. 

Naku, nan§.ku, v. t. dig; scratch. 

nakunaku, i. v. t. reduce to frag- 
ments. Nakunakua te wahio. 
ii. V. i. be broken to pieces; be 
crushed. Patua rawatia , ko- 
hungahunga ana tera; nakunaku 
noa iho. 

Namu, n. small fly. 

whakanamunamu, v. i. appear 
like a speck in the distance. 
Hoki rawa mai, ehara, kua 
whakanamunamu kau mai nga 
ra o te waka (71). 

namunamu, n. blistering plaster, 

NanS, V. t. tend carefully ; nurse. 

N&n&, preposition na with per- 
sonal pronoun of 3rd person 
singular. See na. 

N&n&, a. in a passion; raging. 
Nana noa ana ki te tutu wharo 

N&n&, n. eyebrow. Ka hiia tera 
nga nana, ka riri. 

N&n&hu, a. well executed. Na- 
nahu ana tera te whakairo o 
te hanga nei. 

N&n&kia, a. outrageous; fierce. 
Ka mate korua; he nanakia te 
iwi nei (46). 

N&nSkii, sec under naku. 

Nanao, see under nao. 

Nanati, see under nati. 

N&nS,u, see under nau. 

Nanawa, see under nawe. 

N&n§, n. dog. 


nanenane — whakauana we. 

naneuane, n. 1. rollen kumara. 

2. goat. 

Nanea, a. copious; satisfying. He 
kai nanea. 

I. Nani, n. ivild cabbage; wild 

II. Nani, a. noisy. Ko wai te 
iwi e nani mai ra? Compare 

Nanihi, a. distant. Kua nanihi 
noa atu te haere a Titore. 


whakanano, v. t. discredit. Ha! 
to whakanano ki takii korero! 

Nanu, a. 1. mixed; confused. 2. 
indistinct; inarticulate. Kua 
nanu te reo (42). 

nanu, v. i. murmur; express dis- 
appointment, or dissatisfaction. 
Ka tahi, ka rua, ka torn nga 
kiore, ka pan aku kai : ko te 
nanu e waiho i a au. 
Moe-nanu, talk in one^ sleep. 

whakananu, v. t. mix; confuse. 

Nao, nanao, v. t. handle; feel 
with the hand; take hold of 
Katahi a Kupe ka nanao iho 
ki tana taha, ka whina atu ki 
te wai (110). 

naonao, n. small moth ; midge. 
Kei te pokai naonao te ahua. 

whakanaonao, v. i. appear like 
a speck in the distance. 

Nape, 1. v)eave. 2. jerk. Ka mau 
te ika, napea, kia kaha te nape. 

3. say falteringly ; missay. Pa- 
wera tonu tona papa ki te na- 
penga o tana karakia tohi (17). 

nape, n. fishing line. 

Napi, nanapi, v. i. cling tightly, 
Eja mau te nanapi ou ringa- 
ringa, kei taka koe. 

Natl, nanati, v. t. 1. pinch or 
contract, as by means of a li- 
gature &c. Nanati i te kaki; 
throttle ; strangle. 2. fasten 
ruupo on the walls of a house. 
Tokohia nga tangata i natia ai 
te whare nei. 3. restrain; 

stifle. Kaua e natia taku ko- 

natiuati, or nanati, a. pinched; 
constricted. Ka natinati toku 

Natii, V. t. 1. scratch. He ka- 
rarehe natunatu. 2. stir up; 
mix. Ka natua te kai ki te 

Nau, preposition na with pro- 
noun of the 2nd person singu- 
lar, by or belonging to thee. 
See na. 

Nau, V. i. cojne. Nau mai. 

naunau, v. t. take up. Kihai i 
tae te naunau. 

naunau, a. angry. 

whakanau, v. t. refuse. E kore 
matou e ahei te whakanau atu. 

whakananau, v. i. be angry. 

Nauhea, n. vagabond. 

Nauhuri, n. a fresh-water fish. 

Naumai, welcome! 

naumai, n. guest. Waiho au kia 
mahi ana i taku mahi; ko aku 
naumai kia tae mai ki a au. 

Naunau, see under nau. 

Naupata, n. a shrub. 

Naupiro, n. a shrub. 

Nawai, ad. denoting regular pro- 
cess of time, and always followed 
by a. Nawai i tata, a ka ma- 
tara atu ki tawhiti (121). ^f- 
ter having been near for some 
time they came at length to be 
a long dista/ice off. — Nawai, a 
ka awatea; at length, or in due 
course day dawned. 

Nawe, nanawe, v. i. I. be set 
en fire. Meake nawe to ka- 
kahu. 2. be kindled or excit- 
ed (as feelings). Nanawe ake 
ana te aroha i a au ki taku 
potiki. 4. be unmoveable. Toto 
noa nga tangata o era wahi i 
a koe; kaore, kei te nanawe 

whakananawe, 1. v. i. loiter, 
dawdle. E whakananawe atu 


nawe — No. 


aua ki muri; e kore e hohoro 
te haere. 2. v. t. fasten. He 
tau mo te patu hei whakana- 
nawe ki te ringa mau ai. 

n&w§, n. scar. 

NS, ad. interrogative, giving em- 
phasis to a question, request, 
or proposal. Ka haere au ki 
te tiki ahi, ne? (23) / will 
go to fetch some fire ; shall I ? 

I. N3hS, n. rafter of a house 

nehenehe, n. forest. 
whakanehenehe, v. i. quarrel. 

. I -i^T T- ) u- ancient times. 

I I . Nehe, / „ , 

_- , ' > He korero na ne- 

NShu, n. dust. 

nehu, V. t. bur if. 

nehimehu, a. duskii. 

whakanehu, v. t. reduce to potv- 

Nohut&i, 11. spratf from the sea, 

N6i, ad. denoting position near, 
or some kind of connection with 
the speaker. E koro, haria 
nga toki nei (50). — Often used 
in relative clauses. Te tohu- 
nga e tarai nei i te waka. 

N§inSi, v. i. stretch forwards in 
readiness to ily. E neinei ana 
te pane o to parera. 

whakaneinei, v. i. stretch for- 
wards. Kei te whakaneinei te 
kaki ki te pania o te kohanga. 

noinei, n. dracophi/llum latifo- 
Hum : a shrub. 

N6k6, V. t. or v. i. moife. Neke 
atu koe ki ko. 

whakanekeneke, v. t. rause to 
move alonf^. 

nokS, 11. roller on which a canoe 
is dragged. 

Nkkf, n. snake. 

Neko, n. a mat 

N5kun§ku, v. i. decline as the 
Hun. Ka nekuneku to ra; o 
kore tatou e tae. 

N6n8, int calling attentiou. 

'whakanene, v. i. 1. jest; sport. 
E whakanene mai ra nga ta- 
mariki. 2. quan'el. 

Neti, D. a small dart used in 
I play. 

j Niao, n. 1 . gunwale of a canoe. 
2. edge of any open vessel. 


ninihi, a. steep. 

ninihi, v. i. move .stealth Hi/, steal 

whakaninihi, v. i. more .^(vallh- 
ilij. Ka whakaninihi i runga 
i nga kauaeroa. 

Niho, u. tooth. Niho tapalii; 
front tooth. Niho kata; eye 
tooth. Niho pu, or niho pu- 
rakau ; double tooth. Niho waha, 
or niho hawa; broken tooth. 
Niho tunga ; decayed tooth ; tooth- 

whakanihoniho, v. i. 1. grow in 

the shape of teeth. WHaka- 

nihoniho aua to rea o nga pa- 

rareka nei. 2. quarrel. Kei 

' te whakanihoniho nga tamariki. 

I Nlk&u, n. areca sapida or New 

j Zealand palm. 

WikS, V. t. tie. Me niko mai to 

iHkd, n. wild cabbage. 

Ninia, v. i. glow. E ninia te #1 
taha te rangi, ka wera te 
Tihi-o-Manono (61). 
i Ninihi, sec under nihi. 

Niu, n. certain small sticks used 
for purposes of divination. 

Niwh&, n. barb of a fishhook. 

whakaniwha, v. t. furnish with 
a barb. 

N6, prep, l.from; of; belonging 
to. (a) as part to the whole. 
He tikitiki no tona mahunga 
te harakekc i Otoi? (141) (b) 
as inhabitant to country. No 
Ilea koe? No konei ano (23). — 
No tawhiti tenei tira, no Piako 
(188). (c) as parent to child. 
He matua nona a Faka. (d) as 


Noa — Noko. 

dwelling-place to inhabitant. | 
Ehara i a koe tenei kainga: 
noku ano (79). (e) as clothes 
to wearer. Nona nga kakahu 
i tahaetia nei. 

2. of past time, (a) from. 
No reira ano te ahua matemate 
oku, a mohoa noa nei. (b) at; 
in; on. No te ahiahi ano ka 
haere a WHakatau (61). — No 
te tatanga ki te hokinga, ka- 
tahi ano te ika ka kai ki tana 
matau (101). (c) when. No 
ka oria e te hau (101). 

3. until. 

No te mea; from the fact 
that; because. Kaore ano i 
kitea noatia, no te mea i rite 
ki a ratou te kiri te ma (179). 
— No reira; no kona; no ko- 
nei; therefore; wherefore. No 
kona hoki te whakataukitanga 
iho a Toi (63). No hea, in- 
terrogatively, is often equiva- 
lent to a decided negative. No 
hea e mana, no hea e aha? 
(99) It was of no avail ivha- 

Noa, a. 1. free from Hapu\ or 
any other restriction. Ka hu- 
rihia te hurihanga takapau, rua- 
hine rawa, kakahi rawa, ka 
noa (22). 2. within one''s po- 
wer. Kia noa katoa ai i a ia 
ratou (8). 3. of no moment. 
He mea noa ano. 

noa, ad. 1. without restraint. Ka 
oti te tuku kia haere noa. 2. 
of oneself ; spontaneously. Nana 
ano i momoe noa (62). 3. with 
oneself Hua noa, kaore ano 
koe i whakaaetia atu (194). 4. 
gratuitously. He mea homai 
noa nana taua moni. 5. at 
random; without object. Ka 
rere te wahine nei ki tana 
haere noa atu, ki Tauranga, a 
ana haere noa atu. — Ka noho 
noa iho a Manaia (117). 6. 

fruitlessly. To noa, to noa; te 
taea (76). 7. intensive and to 
be rendered by quite, altoge- 
ther &c. according to the con- 
text. E takoto mai nei ano 
aua kura, a tae noa mai ki tenei 
ra (74). — Ehara enei wahine i 
konei; no tawhiti noa atu (146). 
8. already. Kua u noa mai ia 
i runga i tona waka a E-uaeo 
(76). 9. just; merely. Kia iti 
noa nei. 

Nohinolii, a. small, pi. nonohi. 

Noho, V. i. 1. sit. Tae atu ra- 
tou, ka noho ki raro (172). 
2. stay. Ka ahiahi, ka noho 
tahi ki a Paoa (189). 3. dwell; 
live. Kei tona pa ano e noho 
ana (189). 4. cohabit. Ko ta 
Tamatiriwa, ka noho i a Hituri 
(114). Pass, nohoia, 1. be in- 
habited; be sat upon &c. Ka- 
tahi ka nohoia taua wahi. 2. 
be kept or celebrated. Ka no- 
hoia te purenga o Manaia (13). 

nohoanga, n. seat. 

Nohokii, a lengthened form of 
noku; see noku. 

Nohou, a lengthened form of nou; 
see nou. 

Nohunohu, a. unpalatable; nau- 

Noi, V. i. be elevated; be high 
up. Apopo ka pou i te kai 
nei, kia rokohanga mai kua noi 
ki runga (142). — Te maunga e 
noi mai, rere! 

whakanoi, v. t. hang up; ele- 
vate. WHakanoia nga tuna ki 
runga ki te pataka. 

nonoi, a. 1. urgent. Kia nonoi 
te mahi ka takirua ai te ta- 
ngata. 2. disfigured. Nonoi 
mai ana nga paparinga o te 
koroke nei. 

Noke, n. earth-worm. 

nonoke, v. i. struggle together; 

Noko, n. stern of a canoe. 

NSkii — ngaehe. 


Nokii, preposition »o, with per- 
sonal pronoun, 1st person sin- 
gular. See no. 

Nona, preposition no, vriih. per- 
sonal pronoun, 3rd person sin- 
gular. See no. 

Nonahea, ad. interrogative, of 
time past, from what time; at 
what time ; when. Nonahea kou- 
tou nei i u mai ai? (122). 

Nonaianei, ad. of time past, to 
fiat/; Just now. 

Nonakuar^, ad. a iittle while 

Nonamata, ad. a long time ago. 

Nonanahi, ad. yesterdaij. 

Nonaoake, ad. the day before 

Nonao&kSnui, ad. three days ago. 

NonSpO, ad. iast night. 

Nonawhea, the same as nonahea. 

Non§, V. t. consume; waste. Ko 
nga mea anake a nga Maori 
c nonca ana e ia, 

N6ni, a. crooked; bent Vun i 
whakanoni te rarangi 

noni, n. 1. bend; turn. icm ic 
wai kei te noni o ie taiepa. 
2. Jish-hook. 

N6n6kur&, a. red. 

Noti, n5n6ti, v. t. pinch or con- 
tract, a.s with a band or liga- 
ture. Ka rongo ki te mamae 
o nga taura, kua nonoti tonu 
ra i waenganui o te puku (152). 
Nonoti i te kaki; throttle. Ka 
rerc mai ki a au ka nonoti i 
taku kaki. 

whakanoti, v. t. 1. draw to- 

gether with a cord y as a bag 
&c. 2. cover fire with ashes, to 
prevent it from burning quickly 

N5u, preposition no with perso- 
nal pronoun 2nd person singu- 

NowKM.\, n. November. 

"Nui, a. 1. great. E nui ana te 
ngaru ; e kore e puta te waka. 
2. superior; of high rank. Kihai 
i hanga ake tana wahine; he 
rangatira nui no tenei whenua 
(196). 3. many. He nui te 
tangata o roto o tana pa (166). 
Plural nunui. He maioro nu- 
nui nga maioro (166). 

nui, ad. in public. 

nuings, n. party; people. Ka 
hoki a Paoa ki ona hoa, ki 
tona nuinga (196). 

Ntik&, V. t. deceive. E nuka ana 
mai koe ki a au. 

NtLk&rau, v. t. deceive. Kei nu- 
karautia tatou. 

NukS, a. crooked; humped. Ka 
nuke tona tuara. 

Nuku, n. wide extent. Kei to 
nuku o te whenua nga raahi- 
nga kai. — also of the sea. Ko 
Matahorua te waka nana i toro 
te nuku roa (109). 

naku, y. t. or y. i. move. Nuku- 
hia te pou nei ki tawhiti. 


nunumi, v. i. disappear behind. 
Inamata kua nunumi ki tua o 
te toka ra (170). 

numinumi, a. ashatnt'd 


I. NG5, plural of te, the. | wh&kanga, v. i. take breath. 

II. N05, v. i. hrrnthr, generally NGae. 

connected with manawa. Ka ng&eng&e, n. heel (R.). 

nga te manawa; he breathes. NG&eh§, v. i. rustle. 

Tukua kia nga toku manawa; ngaehe, n. tide. Kua tokari te 

allow me to take breath. ngaehe (R.). 


NGaeke — ngakinga. 

NGaeke, v. i. crack; tear. 

NGaeki, v. i. yield to the touch ; 
give way. Ka takahia te pu- 
korukoru, ka ngaeki noa. 

ngaeki, n. swamp. 

ngaekieki, v. i. overflow. NGa- 
ekieki ana te tai nei, huri aua 
mai ki waenga parae. 

NGaeo, n. a fresh water shell- 
fish; iinio, 

NGaere, v. i. quake; oscillate as 
a bog. Ka ngaere a raro o te 

NGaeroero, n. young eel. 

NGahangaha , a. frivolous. 
WHakangahangaha noa nei ki 
te korero. Compare hanga- 

NGahae, v. i. 1. be torn. Ka 
ngahae toku kakahu. 2. dawn. 
Ka ngahae te ata (111). 

ngahaehae, a. torn into strips. 

NGahau, a. 1. infected by ex- 
ample. 2. brisk, 

ngahau, n. 1. force of example. 
2. dance 

whakangahau, v. i. lead by ex- 

NGahehe, the same as ngaehe. 

NGahengahe, a. wasted; weak. 
Kua ngahengahe noa iho oku 
iwi, kua koroheke. 

ngahengahe, n. forest. Comp. 

NGahere, n. forest. 

NGahiri, n. 1, hum of many 
voices. WHakarongo ki te nga- 
hiri (190). 2. abundance of 
crops. Kia kaha te mahi ; he 
ngahiri kitenga kotahi. 

NGahoahoa, n. head-ache. 

NGahoro, v. i. 1. drop off or 
out. Ka ngahoro nga kai o to 
kete. 2. be abundant. Kua 
ngahoro te hua o te paukena. 

ngahoro, ad. and upivards. E 
rua rau ngahoro; two hundred 
Gfid upwards. 

NGahua, v. i. swarm ; appear in 
great numbers. 

WGahiiru, a. ten. 

ngahnru, n. the name of the 
11th and 12th months, the 11th 
being ngahuru-kai-paenga, and 
the 12th simply ngahuru; har- 
vest time. Taihoa tatou e haere 
ki reira, hei te ngahuru; kia 
rupeke te kai ki te hapoko 

NGaingai, n. a shell-fish; the 
same as kokota. 

NGaio, n. myoporum IcPtum; a 

whakangaio, v. i. sport; make- 
believe. Ehara i te whakapu- 
puni pononga, he whakangaio 
nana (133). 

NGaiore, n. a fish; the same as 

NG^kau, n. 1. bowels; viscera. 
2. heart ; seat of the affections. 
E awangawanga ana te nga- 
kau. — Oranga ngakau, comfort. 
Haere koutou, e hoki ki to 
tatou matua, hei oranga nga- 
kau mona (184). — He whare 
ngakau; a house built in order 
to get up an expedition to avenge 
the death of some one. 

whakangakau, v. i. bear malice ; 
entertain a malicious desire. E 
tama, e tama, whakangakau rawa 
koe ki te patu i a au? 

WGakaukore, a. disinclined; hav- 
ing no heart for doing a thing. 

NGakauniii, a. hearty; eager. 

NGake, n. middle of a fishing net. 

NGfiki, V. t. 1. clear from weeds; 
cultivate. 2. avenge. Ko wai 
hei ngaki i tou mate? — NGaki 
mate; take vengeance. Ka ta- 
huri mai ki te ngaki mate mo 
tona whakairinga ki runga ki 
te whare (66). 

ngakinga, n. clearing; plot of 
cultivated ground. 

NGakihi— NGarg. 


NGakihi, u. 1. patella: a shell 

tish. 2. rock-oyster. 
NGako, n. fat. 
whakangako, v. t. make game of. 

Ku maruma akuanei te tuhiUilii, 

e kore e whakangakotia. 
NGakoikoi, n. a lish. 
NGakungaku, a. reduced to shreds. 

^'Cakuugaku noa iho ta matoii 

kai. See nakunaku. 
NGakuni, v. i. 1. drop off or 

out. Compare ngahoro. 2. be 

set (as fruit). Ka ngakuru te 

whakangami, v. t. swallow up. 

NGan^, V. i. be eagerly intent. 

Kei te ngana a Kupe ki te ta- 

l)atapahi i nga kawekawo (110). 
whakanganangana, v. i. make 

ngang&n&, a. red. He rakau nga- 
ngana te totara. 

I. NGang&, v. i. make a noise. 
Kati te nganga. 

II. NGanga, n. 1. stone. 2. hail. 
\\. dregs: refuse. 

NGang§,hii, a. sharp. 

ngangahu, v. i. 1. distort the 
features. Kahore aku korero 
ki a tera; ko oku whatu i nga- 
ngahu, a heoi ano. 2. dance. 
Ko reira ia pai ai te rere ki 
mua ngangahu ai (167). 

NGangana, see under ngana. 

NGangara, see under ngara. 

NG&ngar&ngi, n. a variety of 

NGangare, see under ngare. 

NGangau, see under ngau. 

NGang6ng&ng6, a pierced 

NGangI, n. cry of distress ; noise. 
Taro kau iho, kua ngaro noa 
iho te ngangi; ko te tai anake 
e aki ana (93). 

NG&o, n. 1. palate. 2. prominent 
part; roughness. Meake waru- 

hia nga ngao o te rakau. 3. 

sprout; shoot. Heoi te roa o 

te ngao. 
ngaongao, n. a shell-fish, 
whakangao, v. t put forth; 

sprout. E whakangao ana i nga 

NGaoki, V. i. creep; crawl. E 

ngaoki mai ra te turoro. 
NGaoko, V. i. 1. feel a tickling 

sensation : itch. Taukahore te 

ngaoko o te tuiau. 2. move 

slightly: stir. Te ngaoko te 

alia, ko te tumu kau ano ki a 
I ia (15). 
: whakangaoko, v. t. tickle; amuse. 

Korero i ta korua whakanga- 
j okooko. (^o on with your en- 
tertaining talk. 
NG&ore, n. a fish; the same as 

in a nga. 
ngaore, a. succulent ; tender. He 

ngaoro te tupu o te mara. 
NG&ottl, n. a method of work- 
ing timber with the adze. He 

ngaotu tenei tarai. 
NG&pu, V. i. 1. o.vr/7/rt/e or un- 

dulatCj as swampy ground. Ka 

ngapu te repo i te takahauga. 

2. stretch forwards ^ ready to 

run. Ka ngapu nga tangata 

ki te oma 
NG&r&, ng&ngara, v. i. snarl. 
ngarangara, n. anything small. 

A luatou ngarangara korero. 
NGarS, pron. they; them. 1 ki 
I atu ano au ki a ngara. 
I NGSr&hu, n. 1 . charcoal. 2. any 

black pigment. 3. war-dance. 

Kei te tutu ngarahu te taua. 
ngarahu, v. i. take roun.sel; be 

thoughtful. He ngarahu he i 

mate ai te taua. 
whakangarahu , v. t.; 

NGSr&hu-t&ua, m. 1. war-dance, 

2. a sheel-fish. 
NG^rara, u. reptile; insect. 
I. NGare, n. family; number of 


NGare — NGawhariki. 

people connected by blood. Me 
te ngare o te WHanau a Kai, 
me te ngare o Eotonga, me te 
ngare o Hinetu. 

II. NGare, v. t 1. send. NGarea 
mai he tangata hei tiki i a au. 
2. urge. 

ngangare, v. i. quarrel. Kihai 
ia i puta mai; penei kua nga- 
ngare ke. 

NGarehe, n. forest (transposed 
from ngahere). 

NGarehii, the same as ngarahu. 

NGaringari, n. song to make 
people pull together. Ko matou 
kei te hapai i te mea taimaha, 
ka tika ma matou te ngaringari. 

whakangari, v. t. tease. 

NGaringaria, n. shame. Ka mate 
au i te ngaringaria i te pakeha- 

I. NGaro, n. Jlij. 

II. NGaro, a. 1. hidden; out of 
sight; absent. Kua ngaro te 
ra (47). 2. missing; lost. I 
haere tahi ano koutou, ka ngaro 
nei ia i to koutou hokinga mai 
nei (95). 3. unintelligible; not 
perceived. Kei te ngaro tonu i 
a au to korero. 4. passed into 
anything. Kua ngaro ki roto 
ki te mahanga (151). 

whakangaro, v. t. put out of 
sight; destroy. 

NGarii, n. wave of the sea. 

ngarungaru, a. rough with ivaves. 

NGariie, v. i. shake; move to 
and fro. 

whakangarue, v. i. shake. 

NGarurii, a. 1. surfeited. 2. af- 
fected with head ache. 

ngaruru, n. a shell fish; the same 
as toitoi. 

NGarurii, a. abundant. 

I. NGata, n. snail; slug; leech. 

II. NGata, a. 1. appeased; satis- 
fied. Kihai i ngata te puku 
riri o Waikato ki nga tangata 
taua pa nei (166). 2. dry. 

Ka ngata te'wahie nei i roto i 

te kapura. 
NGatahi, ad. together. 
NGatahure, a. one. (R.) 
NGatata, a. split; chapt. Ka 

ngatata toku waewae. 
NGatatahi, ad. together. 
NGateri, v. i. vibrate; shake. 

NGateri ana te whenua i te ta- 

ngi o te pu. 
NGatete, v, i. crackle. 
NGau, V. t. 1. bite; gnaw. E 

ngau ana te kuri i te wheua. 

2. gall ; hurt. E ngau tonu 
ana te mamae i roto i oku iwi. 

3. plunder. I te ngau pea i te 
kainga o Te Tawa. 

whakangau, v. t. hunt with dogs. 
Ka mau a Ihenga ki nga kuri hei 
whakangau kiwi (78). 2. cause 
to be struck with a weapon. 
Ka takiritia mai te taha i roto i 
te wai ra; katahi ka whaka- 
ngaua atu ki te patu e haua 
mai ra ki a ia (91). 

ngangau, v. i. make a disturb- 

NGaiieiie, v. i. shake. 

NGawaki, v. i. bend the k?iees. 
Kua ngawaki atu nga turi ki 

NG€wari, a. 1. soft. He oneone 
ngawari. 2. supple. 3. moving 
easily; quick. Kia ngawari te 
hoe. 4. accommodating; kind. 
5. obediejit. 

whakangawari, v. i. move quick- 
ly. Wahi iti te whakangawari - 
nga atu, kei Rawuki (144). 

NGaweki, v. i. creep. 

NGawha, n. 1. boiling spring . 2. 

NGawha, v. i. 1. burst open. 
Kua ngawha te upoko. 2. over- 
flow banks. 

NGawhara, v. i. crumble. NGa- 
whara noa te wahie nei i te aki- 
nga a te wahie. 

NGawhariki, n. boiling spring. 

NG a where — NG5en g5e. 


NGawhSrS, v. i. break up; crum- 
ble. E kore e ngawhere te ko- 
whatu nei. 

NGawhewhe, a. torn; worn out. 
Kua iigawhewhe toku kakahu. 

NGawhi, v. i. suffer penalty. 
Akuanei nei ka ngawhi koe. 

ngawhingawhi , a, torn; worn 

NGawi, V. i. 1. go. Ka ngawi 
noa te tangata ki tawhiti. 2. 
squeal: howl. Na wai te kuri 
ngawi mai nei. 

NG&wiri, a. ten (R.) 

NGS, n. 1. 2. thicket. Ka 
uoho ki roto ki te pirita, ki 
te uge, ki te hurupi. 

NG§, 1. a prefix to certain pro- 
nouns as nge-au, nge-ona &c. 
without modifying the meaning. 
2. suffix to certain adverbs as 
pea-nge, koa-uge. 


whakangehengehe, v. i. counter- 
feit sickness, 

Ni3^^i, n. a fish. 

ngeingei, a. stretching; forth. 

whakangeingei, v. i. stretch forth. 
Ka whakangeingei te kawei o 
te hue. 

Ng§n§, n. scrofulous wen, 

whakangenengene, v. i. muffle 
oneself up Wllakangeneugeue 
ana te tangata ra ki roto ki 
tona kakahu. 

NG^ngS, a. weary ; tired. Kaore 
au i tao atu i to ngenge. 

NG^ngere, see under ngere. 

NGengeri, see under ngeri. 

NGrengero, see under ngero. 

NG^ngSti, n. a shell-fiKh. 

NG^rS, a. passed by : not served, 
Tokorua o maua i ngere. 

ngerengere, n. 1 . property ; floods. 
2. part of the fortification of 
a pa. Katahi ka tomokia te 
pa, ka horo tetahi ngerengere 
(66). 3. a disease, said to be 
. peculiar to the neij^hbourhood 

of Taupo, characterized by nu- 
merous swellings over the body, 
and the loss of the extremities. 

ngengere, v. i. growl. 

NG^ri, n. 1. chaunt recited in 
launching a canoe &c. 2. a 
rough kind of mat. 

ngengeri, v. i. grunt, 


ngerongero, a. very many. He 
tini ngerongero. 

ngengero, n. blue shark; the same 
as tuatini. 

NG^ni, n. eat. (R.) 

NGetangeta, n. worn out mat. 


ngetengete, v. i. 1. make a click- 
ing sound with the tongue. 2. 
express surprise or regret. Com- 
pare ketekete. 

whakangete, v. t. urae ou a 

NGia, V. i. .seem. E ngiu ano i 
tawhiti koe, ina tc rangona 
taku karanga. 

KGih&, V. i. burn. Ka ahiahi, 
ka ngihn te ahi (139). 

ngiha, n. fire. Tahuna te ngiha. 

ngihangiha, a,/////. NGihangilia 
noa tc awa i tc rakau. 

NGihongiho, u. small potatoes. 

NGio, a, extinguished. Kua ngio 
te kora. (R.) 

ngingio, a. withered; shrivelled. 

ngingio, v. i, laugh Ka ngi- 
ngio noa nga tamariki. 

NGlRA, n. needle. 

NGita, V. t. bring ; carry. NUitaa 
utu te mea nei. (R.) 

ngita, a. fast ; firm ; secure, Pa- 
tua te whao kia ngita. 

whakangita, v. t. 1. make fast. 
WHakangitaia mai to kuri. 2. 
shoot out. Me waiho kete ra- 
nei nga kai, me whakangita 

NGoengSe, v. i. scream. Katahi 
ka werohia te lui ra, ka lu; 


NGoetoeto— NGuru. 

te ngoengoetanga, katahi ka 
raugona e ngawaliine nei (137). 

NGoetoeto, n. a kind of eel. 


ngohengohe, a. 1. supple; soft. 
Kawea nga aka nei ki te wai 
kia ngohengohe ai. — Ngohe- 
ngohe ana nga paparinga, of 
the cheeks in laughter. 2. strong; 

ngohe, n. strength ; activity. 

ngongohe, a. ufithered ; flaccid. 

NGohi, n. 1. fish. 2. troop or 
company of fighting men. 

NGohiwe, n. a kind of eel. 

NGoi, n. 1. strength; energy. 
Hore h^ ngoi, he aha. 2. top- 

ngoingoi, n. old woman. 

NGoikore, a. weak. 

NGoiro, n. 1. conger-eel. 2. 
young eels. 

NGoki, V. i. creep. 

NGongengonge, a. crippled. 

NGongi, n. ivater. 

NGorigo, i. V. i. 1. waste away; 
become thin. E ngongo ana oku 
waewae i te mate. 2. sail close 
to the wind. NGongo tonu to 
tatou poti. ii. v. t. suck through 
a tube. 

ngongo, n. sick person. 

NGongohau, n. Jib. 

NGongore, see under ngore. 

NGongori, see under ngori. 

NGorangora, n. small kumara. 

I. NGore, v. t. entice. He ngore 
i te tupua, me ata ngore ma- 

II. NG^re, a. 1. soft; flaccid. 
2. having the edge turned; wire- 

ngore, n. a kind of mat. (R.) 

ngongore, a. blunt; without a 
barb (as a fish-hook). 

ngorengore, n. young eel. 

NG^ri, ngongori, a. weak; list- 
less. NGongori kau; kahore he 

ngoringori, n. a small black eel. 

NGoro. — ngongoro, V. i. 1. snore. 
NGongoro ana te iliu o te poaka. 
2. utter exclamations of sur- 
prise or admiration. Ka tangi 
te ngongoro a te iwi ra ki te 
ahua o te tangata ra. 

NGoronga, n. a shell fish. 

I. NGote, n. small potato. 

II. NGote, V. i. suck. Kahore e 
ngote te tamaitf nei. 

I. NGoto, n. head. 

II. NGoto, V. i. 1. strike deep. 
Kia ngoto te hoe. 2. penetrate. 
Kai te mata ngira tonu Te ngo- 
tonga ki roto ra. Aue te ma- 
mae i! 

NGotu. — ngotungotu, or ngo- 
ngotii, n. firebrand; half burnt 

NGoungou, a. thoroughly ripe; 
well cooked; soft. He hanga 
ngoungou noa. 

ngoungou, n. 1. live coal. 2. a 
fashion of wearing the hair 
tied up in a knot at the fore- 

NGouruuru, a. few. NGouruuru 
kau ake nga rakau i mahue. 

NGu, n. 1. squid. 2. animalculce 
in the sea. 3. tattoo marks on 
the upper part of the nose. 

ngtingu, V. t. gfiaw. 

whakangungti , v. i. refuse to 


whakangungu, v. t. fend; ward 
off. AVHakangungu - rakau , a 
closely woven mat, worn to de- 
fend the person from missiles. 

NGuha, V. i. rage; snort. 

NGunguru, see under nguru. 

NGiinu, n. worm. 

NGtipara, n. a small fresh water 

NGuru. — ngungiiru, v. i. 1. ut- 
ter a suppressed groan, sigh 
or grunt. 2. fumble. 

NGiitu — Ohonga. 


NGutii, u. 1. lip. 2. rim of a | NGiitu-awa, u. mouth of a river. 
vessel. I NGutiihore, a. wasteful. 

whakangutungutu, v. t. grumble NGutiikao, n. a fish. 

at : scolil. He aha tan e whaka- 1 NGutiikura, u. a pattern of carv- 
ngutungutu mai na koe ki a au ? j iug or ornamental painting. 


I. O, n. provision for a journey. 
Kei te hao inanga, kei te rou 
kakahi, hei o ki to Taiapu 
(157). ^ 

II. O, V. i. 1. ^nd room: be cap- 
able of being contained or in- 
closed. Ka tome te kaipuke; 
e korc e o nga ponaka. 2. 
get in; implying difficulty or 

III. O, plural of to. See to. ' 

IV. O, prep. 1. of: belonging to: 
used in speaking of' parts of a 
whole, names, qualities, feel- 
ings, places occupied, houses, 
land, inhabitants, water for 
drinking &c., medicine, clothes, 
parents, superiors; also of the 
derivative nouns of adjectives 
and intransitive verbs, and of 
those of transitive verbs when 
they are used passively. Te 
ngutu o te ana. — Te ahua o 
taua ngarara nei (156).--NGa 
tuugata te kainga o To WHata. 
— Te toanga o enei tangata (166). 
— Te tahunga o te Arawa e 
Kaumati (93). Compare a. prep. 
2. from (place). NGa tangata 
e haerc ana o Rotorua ki Taupo 
{149). — (time). O reira mai 
ano a mohoa ona nei. 3. at- 
taching to. Kahore he manuka- 
nuka te haere. 

V. O, int in answer to a call, to 
shew that the call is heard, 

o, V. i. ansu*er, Kihai rawa i o 

whakao, v. i. answer. 

OatI (o), n. oath. 

Oati, v. i. swear, 

Oha and ohaoha, a. I. generous. 
He tangata oha. 2. abundant. 
Ka rahuitia nga pipi, ka oha. 

oha, n, 1. relic; keepsake: any- 
thing which serves to keep a 
departed friend in reniembrance. 
Haere mai koe, te oha o nga 
tangata mat ua. 2. dying speech. 
WHakatau-oha, make a dying 

Ohia, (o) V. t. 1. long after. Ko 
te ngakau e ohia akc ana ki 
taua mea. 2. approve. Kahore 
he tangata i ohia mai ki taku 
karanga i tainahi, ko te tunga 
tera mo nga hoiho. 3. think 
on the spur of the moment. He 
whakaaro ohia noa ake naku. 

Ohiti, (o) a. cautious ; on one's 
guard. Kia ohiti koutou ki 
nga korcro a tera tangata. 

whakaohiti, v. t. warn. 

Oho, (6-6) v. i. 1. start from fear, 
surprise &c. 2. wake up from 
sleep. Oho noa akc au i te 
moe, whakahengi mai ana ia 
ki a au. 3. begin speaking. 

whakaoho, v. t startle; rouse. 

OhodkS,, (6-6) n. panax longissi- 
mu/Hy a tree; the same as ho- 
roeka . 

Ohoku, (6-6) for okii. Sec oku. 

Ohomauri, (6-6) v. i. start sud- 

Ohonga, (6-6) n. anything which 
may serve to connect an incan- 
tation with the person on whom 
it is intended to take eJJ'ecl; 



as a lock of his hair, anything 
which he has touched &c. 

Ohorere, (6-6) v. i. start sud- 

Ohii, (6) n. company of volunteer 
workers. Ka mahara a Manaia 
kia tuturia he tangata hei ohu 
warn mo ana tao (117). 

ohTi, V. t. 1. do by aid of a corn- 
par y of volunteer workers. Me 
ohu to mara, kia hohoro ai. 
2. beset in great numbers; sur- 
round. Ka ohua koe e matou. 

Ohua, (o) n. the moon at \^ days 

Oi, (6) V. i. 1. shudder. Te mea i 
oi ai taku kiri ko te mahi a 
Kereopa. 2. grow. I nga ra- 
ngi ra o taku oinga. 

oioi, V. i. 1. shake. E tata koe 
ki uta, e oioi te ika, e rere 
ki te taha katau (36). 2. shew 
reluctance to move, Ko te ka- 
rakia a enei tangata, oioi noa 

whakaoioi, v. t. shake; agitate. 

I. Oi, (oi) V. i. shout. Ka tangi 
te oi. 

n. Oi, (oi) n. soft mud. Me hoe 
rawa ki ko; he oi tena wahi. 

Oike, (o) n. the moon at \^ days 

OkS,, (6) V. t. prick; stab. 

oka, n. 1. knife; dagger. 2. raf- 
ters for a kumara pit. 

okaoka, v, t. strip off. Okaoka- 
ngia he peha mo ta tatou ahi. 

Okaka, v. i. feel a longing. 

Oke, (6) V. i. \. struggle; wriggle; 
writhe. 2. put forth all one^s 
strength. Okea ururoatia. 3. 
be eager. E oke ana te ta- 
ngata ra ki te haere. 

okeoke, a. restless. Ka okeoke 
tonu te turoro, ka mate. 

oke, n. a kind of shark. 

okeoke, n. 1. sick person. 2. 

Oketopa, n. October. 

Okioi, (6) n. a bird: the same 
as hokioi, and hakuai. 

Okioki, (6-i) v. i. rest; pause. 
Hoake tatou ki te taumata oki- 
oki ai. 

whakaokioki, v. t. to rest. 

Oko, (6-6) n. wooden hoivl, or 
other open vessel. 

okooko, V. t. carry in the arms, 
or in the lap or fold of one's 
garment. Ma wai e okooko te 
tamaiti ? 

Oku, (oj 1. preposition o with 
personal pronoun, 1st person 
singular of me. See o IV. 2. 
plural of toku. See toku. 

Okuoku, (6-ii) a. feiv. Compare 


Oma, (6-a) v. i. run. Pass, oma- 
kia, be run for. 

Omaki, (6) v. i. move swiftly; 
fly. E omaki ana te kapua o 
te rangi. 

Omoomo, n. melon. 

whakaomoomo , v. t. attend a 
sick person. 

Ona, (o-a) preposition o with per- 
sonal pronoun, 3rd person sin- 
gular; of him; of her. See 
o lY. 

One, (6-e) n. beach. 

oneone, n. earth; soil.^ 

Onematua, (6) n. loam. 

Onepti, n. sand. 

Onewa, (6) n. 1. a kind of dark 
grey stone. 2. any implement 
made of the same. 

Ono, (6-6) a. six. 

Ono, (6-6) V. t. plant. Kei te ono 
riwai NGaitawhiri. 

Onoi, V. i. move. E kore koe e 
onoi mai i te tumu? 

Ongaonga, n. nettle. 

ongaonga, a. rough ; prickly. E 
ongaonga ana te mea nei, tara- 
tara tonu. 

whakaongaonga, v. t. goad; ex- 
cite. Te karakia whakaonga- 
onga (158). 

Onge — Oti. 


Onge, (o) a. scarce. Ho onge ' kua tac mai tona wairua ki 

ori, n. 1. bad weather. Ka roko- 
hina e te ori ki Tokomaru ka 
noho. 2. prey of disease. He 
ori matou na te mate uei. 3. 
place where people have been 
carried off by disease. Kaua e 
noho i ruuga i te ori, kei piri 
mai te mate ki a koe. 
whakaoriori, n. song chaunted 
over a child by a person hold- 
ing the child in his arras. 
Oro, (0-6) V. t. sharpen on a 
stone; grind. Kia oroia taku 
toki, ka haere ai au ki te mahi. 
OpurS, (O) a. pied; varied with \ Oroko, (0-6-6) ad. for the first 
patches of colour ; in patches. \ time, Kihai i oroko kumea, kua 
He opure te mara a Hare puta kei waho o te aua (160). 

Or&, (0) a. 1. alive. 2. u^ell in Orongdnui, u. the moon at 26 
health. 3. safe; escaped; re- days old. 

covered. E, kua ora a Ran- 1 Or6p&p&, a. all alike without ex- 
mati (102). 4. satiated; satis- \ ception. Ka oropapa nga kino 
fied with food. ''Te ora iti o o te kainga nei i te kainga 
Kahutore". luxuries^ as oppos- nei te whakarite. 
ed to necesBariea. Or6tS, a. 1. voracious; destruc- 

ora, n. slave. Kei hea nga ora five. E taraa, ho autaia koe, 

no te kai i mahue ai tera wahi. 

ongeonge, a. I. scarce Ka onge- 
ouge nga kai ka hamuhamu i 
nga puka. 2 lonely fea onge- 
onge pea te tangata kotahi. 

onge, n. a bird. 

Oi)e, (6) V. t. 1 scrape up ; .scrape 
together, Opea mai te kapura 
ki waho. 2. .scratch the head &c. 

ope, n. troop; number of persons 
moving together. 

Opi, (0) a. terrified. Opi ana 
tera au i te mataku. 

Opung&, (o) n. a kind of con- 
glomerate stone. 

wahi no? 

oranga, n. food. 

Or&, (0) n. ufedge, 

Or&iti, (0) a. escaping with dif- 
ficulty. Ka tangi raua mo te 
oraititanga o tona teina (50). 

Or&n6a, (0) a. escaping with dif- 
ficulty. Oranoa matou i te ta- 
huritanga o te waka. 

Oraora, (6-fi) v. i. shake; wag. 
Heoi ano; oraora kau ana ko 
te hiku kau (160). 

Or&pitd, (6) a. escaping narrowly. 

OrS, (0) V. t. 1. bore. 2. search 
out secretly. 

oreore, v. i. shake. 

oreore, ad. very dry. Pakupaku 

Orga, (0) n. a kind of eel. 

Ori, (6-1) V. t. 1. cause to wave 
to and fro. Ka oria e te hau. 
2. E ori mai ana te tupapaku, 

ho orota. 2. exterminated ; ut- 
terly consumed. Orota ana tera 
te tangata whenua i te pata- 
nga a te taua; kahore he mo- 

Oru, (6-a) a. boggy. E oru ana 
te whenua. 

oru, n. 1. bog. 2. sting-ray, 

Ota, (6-5) n. sawdust. 

otaota, n. herbs in general ; weeds; 
litter. Tarakea atu nga otaota. 

Ota, a. green; uncooked. 

Ota, V. t. eat in a green stale. 
I otaina e matou nga kumara. 

OtSn§, (0) n. the moon at 2b days 

Oti, (6-f) \, finished t with a verb 
in the infinitive to denote the 
operation which is finished. Kua 
oti te waka te tarai. 2. with 
atu or mai, gone or come for 


whakaoti — pae. 

good. Ka oti atu a Hakiri; e 
kore e hoki mai. 

whakaoti, v. i. finish. 

whakaotinga, n. youngest child 
of a family. Ko Pehi to ma- 
tou whakaotinga. See heoti. 

Oti, (6-i) ad. in question, then. 
E kore oti koe e haere? 

Otiia, (6-i-ia) conj. but; but on 
the other hand. 

Otira, (6-i-a) conj. but; but in- 
deed ; but at the same time. 

Nona ano taua kainga; otira 

no matou katoa. 
Ou, (o-ii) 1. preposition o with 

personal pronoun, 2nd person 

singular ; of thee. See o prep. 
Oue, n. a variety of phormium 

tenax, with leaves of a brown 

Ouenukii, n. rainbow, 
OuMu, n. oven. 
Ouou, (6-6) a. few. 
Owhanga, (o) n. ?iest. 
Owhiti, a. See ohiti. 


I. Pa, V. t. (pass, pangia or 
pakia). 1. touch. Kua pa atu 
nga ringa ki aua pohutukawa, 
ana, ngahoro noa iho (74). — 
Kahore te turoro nei e pa kai. 
2. hold personal communication, 
with. Nonanahi ia i pa mai 
ai ki a au. 3. affect. Kai pa- 
ngia koe e te mamae. 4. reach 
one's ears, Ka pa te karanga 
a te tanga nei, "Ko te Kahu- 
reremoa" (148). 

whakapa, v. t. 1. touch. 2. tell 
privately. Tekaha ko Hemi, 
whakapakia ana ki te wahine. 
— make secret suggestions. E 
whakapapa haere nakoe ki te 
rakau ra kia tukua ki raro. 

II. Pa, V. t. (pass, paia) 1. block 
up ; obstruct. He aha ra te ara 
nei i paia ai? 2. Ka paia te 
huaki; the assault is made. 

whakapa, v. t. close up. 

whakapakanga, n. youngest in 
a family. Te matou whaka- 
pakanga (10); our youngest bro- 

pa, n. 1. stockade ; fortified place. 
Te ingoa o tona pa ko WHaka- 
rewa (182). 2. iveir for catching 
eels &c. 3. anything wherewith 
an open place is blocked up; 

barricade. 4. fat covering the 
inivards of animals. 

III. Pa, V. i. 1. be struck. Roa 
noa atu ratou e epaepa ana i 
a ia, kihai hoki i pa (16). 2. 
begin to ebb. Ka pa te tai. 

IV. Pa, n. a term of address. 
Tauti mai, e pa! 

Pae, n. 1. horizon. Ka puta te 
ra i raro i te pae. — Kia ngaro 
te tu-a-pae whenua (21). 2. 
region; direction. Kei whea 
te pae ki toku matua? (136). 
3. horizontal ridges parallel to 
one another. 4. step in a stair- 
case. 5. perch; rest. He pae 
koau. — Te pae mo taku pu. 
6. circumference measured by the 
maro with the extended arms. 
He rakau nui, e torn te pae. 
— Pae tahi hamama te rakau 
nei. 7. ropes by which a seine 
is hauled, the upper and lower 
ropes being called respectively, 
pae-runga, and pae-raro. 

pae, V. i. 1. lie across. He aha 
te mea e pae mai nei i te ara? 
2. lie on one side; and so 3. 
be collected together; lie ready 
for use. Kua pae nga rakau 
mo te whare. 4. be laid to 
the charge of any one. Ka 

pae — ^Pahika, 


pae nei hoki ua korua te tupa- 
paku nei. 5. be cast on shore. 
E pae ana tera i uta, kua mate 
(93). Pass, paea in the same 
sense. I paea te kaipuke ki 

pae, V. t. surround irith a border. 
Paea mai nga pania o te umu, 
kia hoki mai ai te mamaoa ki 

papae, v. i. be driven broadside 
on shore. Ka papae te waka, 
akuauei ka pakaru. 

paenga, u. 1. place where any- 
thing is laid on one side or 
across. Hence 2. margin of a 
cultivation, being the part to 
which the weeds are thrown. 
3. place where pits are eon^ 
s true ted for keeping kumara &c. 
Kci te paenga ma a te Kaha- 

whakapae, v. t. 1. lay across 
&c. Me whakapae te rakau 
nei hei arawhata. 2. accuse 
falsely. Ko te take i haere 
niai ai ia, he whakapaenga ki 
tc rua kumara na ona hoa (136). 

paepae, n. 1. threshold; door 
sill; or an}Hhing similar. 2. 
vessel to hold anything. 

F&ekur&, n. lost property: so 
called from the red ochre (kura) 
which was dropped into the sea 
by Tauninihi, and afterwards 
picked up on the shore by Ma- 
hina. Ko te paekura kite e 
Mahina (74). 

Faem&nii, n. collar-bone. 

P&ep&er5a, n. mat with a broad 
ornamental border. 

Paoroa, n. wind which blows along 
the shore. 

Paetara, a, Kaho ])aetara, batten 
fastened to the uprights of a 
house to keep them in place; 
wall -plate. 

Paeturi, n. tattooing on the thigh. 

Paewae, n. threshold. 

! Paewai, n. 1. a kind of eel. 2. 
, batten on the inside of the point 
' between the ran aw a and the 

body of a canoe, 3. driftwood. 
I 4. paewai o te rangi , water 
\ horizon. Mehemea ka tiuo ma- 

rama te paewai o te rangi. 
I Pahaka, n. calabash. 
I Pahake, v. i. bask. 
whakapahake, v. i. bask, E 

wakapahake na i te ra. 
Pah&ki, n. denoting small rela- 
tive distance. Kei pahaki tata 

atu e takoto ana, lying a 

little beyond. 
Pahan^hanSr, v. t. anoint with 

red ochre and oil. 
Pah&o, V. t enclose in a net; 

shut in. 
pahao, n. basket used for catch' 

ing fish. 
PSh&u, n. beard. 
P&hSk3, V. i. 1. slip. Kei pa- 

heke koe. 2. have a running 

pShSkShSkS, a. slippery. 
P&h3in6, V. i. 1. pass by; pass 

on. Kua pahcmo te ope o NQa> 

tiporou. 2. pass on one side: 
I miss. Kahore i tahitahi ki taku 

waewae; i pahemo. 
P&hdniS, v. i. 1. come untied, 

Kia mau te hotiki, kei paheno. 

2. slip away; escape. WHai 

noa, whai noa, paheno tonu atu. 
PSh8ng&hSng&, n. a tree. 
PShSngihSngi, a. blowing gently. 

He hau pahengihengi. 
Pahl, a. gloomy; disquieted. Ka 

pahi ton a ngakau. 
P&h.i, n. company of travellers; 

number of persons in a body. 

Ko hea te pahi e haere nei. 
PShia, V. t. slap. I pahiatia pea 

te tamaiti nei, ina ka tangi. 

Pahihi, v. i. flow in driblets. Pa- 

j hihi ana te rerc. 

jPahikS., a. 1. passed on. Kua 

I pahika atu nga tangata o To- 


Pahikohiko — pakapaka. 

komaru. 2. extending to great- 
er length. Pahika ake taku 
rakau i tau. 

Pahikohiko, n. bow fence, made 
of sticks with both ends stuck 
into the ground; any make-shijl 

Pahiwihiwi, a. uneven. Mamae 
ana au i te pahiwihiwi o toku 

pahiwihiwi, n. a. fish. 

Paho, a. soaring. 

whakapaho, v. t. soar. 

Pahoahoa, n. headache; giddi- 
ness ; stupor. 

Pahoka, and pahokahoka, n. 
screen or shed made of bran- 
ches with the butts stuck into 
the ground. 

Pahore, a. 1. scraped off; abrad- 
ed. Kua pahore te hiako. 2. 
having the skin rubbed off'. He 
rongoa mo te pahore o toku 
waewae. 3. dented. 

Pahu, n. a/arurr/j made of stone 
or wood, formerly used in time 
of war. 

Pahu, V. i. burst; explode. Kaa- 
nga pahuhti, popped corn. 

Pahiia, v. t. plunder. Kua pahu- 
atia te kainga o Taka. 

Pahuhu, V. i. slip off. E mau 
ana te whakaheke; e kore e 

Pahiinu, v. i. burn. (R.) 

pahunu, n. ^re. 

Pahupahii, n. fester. 

Pahiinga, n. crumb. 

Pahiire, v. i. 1. pass by. Kua 
pahure ke nga waka i te ata. 
2. come in sight; appear. Ta- 
ngohia te mea e pahure mai 
na. 3. escape. Me te manu 
motu i te mahanga; ehara, ka 
pahure (64), 

whakapahure, v. t. cause to pass 
by. — V. i. be nearly gone by. 

Pai, a. 1. good. 2. pleasant. 

pai, V. i. be pleased; be ivilling; 

assent. Kihai ia i pai mai ki 
ta korua korero. —Pass, pai- 
ngia, be liked; be approved of 
E kore e paingia tenei kainga. 

whakapai, v. t. 1. make good; 
set in order. 2. pronounce good ; 

whakapai-ruaki, feel nausea. 

whakapaipai, v. t. adorn. 

whakapaipai, a. ornamental. 

Paiaka, n. 1. root of a tree. 2. 
weapon made from a root (155). 

Paiere, n. bundle. E hia nga 
paiere raupo? 

paiere, v. t. make up into bund- 
les. Paieretia nga rakau. 

Paihau, n. 1. beard. 2. wing of 
a bird. 

Paihere, n. or v. the same as 

Paihi, a. uneasy in mind. Paihi 
ana tera au i taku rongonga i 
te korero na. 

Paihore, a. going astray; desul- 
tory. Ta te tamariki mahi, pai- 
hore ke, paihore ke. 

Paike, v. t. strike. Paike a ki 
te hama. 

paikeike, v. t. elevate. Taria mai 
he oneone hei paikeike mo te- 
nei wahi. 

Paikea, a. He whare paikea; a 
house having the entrance at one 
end, but no verandah. 

Paina, painaina, v. i. vmrm one- 
self Kia paina atu ahau ki 
te taha o te kapura. 

Paipai, n. a cutaneous disease. 

Pairi, a. disquieted; afraid. Ka 
pairi toku ngakau ki te puka- 
puka a NGatiporou. 

Paiwiiwi, a. see pahiwihiwi. 

Paka, or pakaka, a. 1. scorched, 
2. red or brown. Kei te wahi 
pakaka te ara. 

Paka, a, dried. Me i paka te 
kai nei, ka reka. 

pakapaka, a. dry. 

Pakaha — pakihi. 


Pakaha, a. violent; severe. E 
pakaha ana te maraae. 

Pakaiahi, n. fireplace in a ca- 
noe &c. 

Pakake, n. whale. 

P&kakmakina, vl. hut. £ paka- 
kinakina ana te whiti o te ra. 

Pakakohi, n. fern root. 

Pakakti, v. i. 1. make a harsh 
grating sound. 2. make a re- 
peated knocking. 

Pakanga, n. quarrel; hostilities; 

Pakanga, see under pa. 

Pakani, a. quarrelsome. Katahi 
auo taku tangata pakani, ko 

Pakar&r&, n. a kind of eel. 


Pakari, a. 1. mdlured, hard. 2. 

whakapakari, v. i. 

Pakaru, a. 1. shivered; broken. 
Kua pakaru te kohua. 2. rent. 
He pakani no te poti te hoca 
ai. 3. put to flight, (N.B. pa- 
karu is not applied to a cord 
&c. which would be motu; nor 
to any thing long and stiff, 
which would be whati.) 

pSk&ru, or pSk&ruk&rii, v. t. 
break in pieces. Pakarua t© 

PSk&u, or pakaukau, n. wing 
of a bird, of an army, or of a 

Pak&ur6h&r6h&, n. winged grass- 

Pak&urua, n. sting ray; a fish. 

P&k&wha, n. 1. leaf. 2. 

PakS, n. rough mat made of leaves 
of kiekie or fluj-. 

P&kS, a. obstinate. Ka pake te 
tangata ra, e kore e whaka- 

whakapakepake, v. t. unsettle; 
cause to abscond. Na To Itangi 
i whakapakepake i orua ai taku 

P^ke, V. i. crack; emit a sound 
like that of rending &c. Ka 
pake te rakau, meake whati. 

pakeke, v. t. scrape. Kia pake- 
ketia nga riwai. 

Pakeha, u. foreigner. Kai pa- 
keha, a kind of sweet potato. 

Pak§ka, n. land that has been 
exhausted by cultivation. 

pakekakeka, u. a water plant. 

Pak§ke, a. 1. hard; stiff. Pa- 
keke tonu, e kore e ngawhere. 
2. grown up ; adult. 

Pak^@, see under p&kS. 

P&k§rS, n. outer leaves of a plant, 
as opposed to rito. 

PSkdtii, V. t. clear off; cut off, 
E paketu ana ahau i to taru. 

P&k§w&, V. i. make a mistake in 

p&k6w&, a. .solitary. He ika pa- 

I. P&ki, a, fair; without rain, 
Kia paki te rangi ka haere ai 

II. P&ki, p&p&ki, V. t. 1. slap: 
pat. 2. clap or strike together. 
Papaki ou ringaringa. — He tai 
papaki rua, a place where two 
waves meet. 

papaki, n. cliff against which the 
waves beat. 

t. 1. slap or pat 

2. cure or preserve 

Kei te pakipaki 

1. decoy parrot. 2. 

pakipaki, v. 


by drying. 

pakipaki, n. 

III. P&ki, n. girdle. Hoi paki 

putanga mona. 
P&ki&k&, n. root of a tree. 
P&kih§,w&, n. throat fin of a fish. 
I. P&kihi, a. I. dried up. Hence 

2. at lowest ebb. Kua pakihi 

te tai. 
II P&kihi, V. i. dig for fernroot. 

I hoki niai au i to pakihi. 
pakihi, n. place where fernroot 

is dug. 


whakapakihi — Pakura. 

whakapakihi, v. t. dig super- 
f daily. Kaua e whakapikihi- 
tia te keringa. 

Pakihiwi, n. shoulder. 

Pakihore, a. lazy. 

Pakikau, n. garment. Te wahi 
i waihotia ai ona pakikau (132). 

Pakiki, v. t. question frequently 
or urgently. Ka pakiki tia te 
tane kia korero; kore noa iho 
e korero. — He aha ra kia pa- 
kikitia rawatia e koe? 

Pakini, v. t. 1. ?iip; pinch. 2. 
nick; notch. 

pakini, a. notched. Here he wahi 
i pakini. 

Pakipakitai, n. a slimy veget- 
able matter in the sea. 

Pakira, a. bald. 

Pakiri, V. t. sheiv the teeth ; grin. 
Ka pakiri mai nga niho o te 

Pakirikiri, n a fish. 

Pakirehiia, v. i. ma/,e enquiries. 
Ka hoki mai ki konei pakire- 
hua ai. 

Pakitara, n. trail of a house. 

Pakiwaha, n. sides of the mouth, 

pakiwaha, a. boastful. He ta- 
ngata pakiwaha. 

Pako, V. t. glean after the crop 
has been taken up. E pako 
kapana ana. 

Pakoa, a. 1 . that has become shal- 
low or dry. 2. low; of the 
tide. Kia pakoa te tai ka haere 
ai tatou. 

Pakohea, a. dried up. Ka pako- 
hea ahau i te ra. 

Pakohii, a. i^ent; cleft. Ka pa- 
kohu tenei wahi. 

pakohu, n. chasm. 

Pakoko, a. not producing young; 

Pakoko, a. 1. shrunk; dried up. 

2. emaciated; lean. Ka pakoko 
nga kauwae o te tawhiti nei. 

3. old; of the previous year 
(of roots &c. used for food). 

whakapakoko, v. t. dry. 

whakapakoko, n. image. 

Pakonga, a. concave, holloiv. E 
pakonga ana tenei taha. 

Pakora, a. low (of the tide). 

Pakore, a. broken (of anything 
which breaks to pieces, as an 
earthen vessel, calabash.) 

Pakoro, n. potato stack. 

Pakoro, a. not producing young ; 

Pakii, a. 1. dried. E paku ana 
taku korokoro. 2. small. He 
whare paku. 

paku, n. 1. scab. Kua pakua 
te toto. 2. small quantity; any- 
thing small. E rua rawa nga 
paku korero o tenei runanga. 

papakii, v. i. set; become hard 
or dry. Kua papaku te hinu 
i roto i te taha. 

papaku, a. shallow. Kia tuku 
! te wai ka papaku te kauanga. 
I pakiipaku, 1. somewhat dry; shal- 
low. 2. somewhat small. Riri 
pakupaku, spite. 

whakapaku, i. v. i. begin to be 
dry or small. Ka whakapaku 
te tai, ina nga manu ka noho 
i runga i te tahuna. ii. v. t. 
make dry &c. 

Paku, V. i. 1. make a sudden 
sound or report. Na wai te pu 
i paku nei? 2. resound. Te 
tangata e haere mai nei, tona 
rongo e paku nei i nga whenua 
(189). 3. extend. Na Maui- 
potiki i tinihanga ki a Hine- 
nuitepo, i pa mai ai he mate 
ki nga tangata o te ao, paku 
ki runga, paku ki raro (7). 

pakukti, and whakapakuku, 
V. i. knock repeatedly. 

Pakuka, n. screen from the wind. 

Pakura, n. loater-hen ; porphyria 
melanotus. Taringa-pakura, stub- 
born. He taringa pakura te ta- 
ngata nei. Tapuwae pakura, a 

— «_W V. WW WW 

pakiirakura — paoi. 


kind of oruameutal w^ork in a j 

Maori building, 
pakiirakura, a. red. 
pakiirakura, n. 1. red garment. 

2. a tish- 
Pakurii, v. i. knock ; make a knock- 

pakuru, n. two sticks, one of 

which is held between the teeth 

and struck with the other, 
pakunikuru, n. Jigurehead of a 

canoe, consisting of a bust only, 

without arms. 
Pakuwha, n. relation by mar- 
Famamao, a. distant. Pehea te 

pamamao o tou kainga? 
PamarO, a. 1. solid: hard. 2. 

steady; without hesitation. Kia 

pamaro ai te haercnga mai ki 

waho o te ma (151). 
P&n&, V. t. 1. thrust or drive 

away; expel. 2. cause to come or 

go forth in any way. He kara- 

kia pana tamariki (8). 
panap&n&, v. i. throb. E pana- 

pana ana te toto. 
Pan&hi, n. convolvulus sepium or 

r. soldanella. \ 

Pan&kd, n. a species of fern. i 
Pan&n&ki, v. i. incline with a \ 

gen lie slope; rise with a gentle 

P&nau, V. i. jump (as a fish), 
pan&un&u, n. gentle ascent of a 

Pane, n. head. , 

PanekS, i. v. i. ihow forwards. 

K kore e paneko te waka. ii. 

V. t. move. Panekea ake t© ta- 

panekondkS, n. small edge taol; 

Panga, see pa 1. 
Pang&, V. t. 1. thrnir. 2. lay; 

place Ka pangaa nga kai ki 

riin*ra ki te waka. 
Pang&nga, a. lean. Hore i te 

ngohi nei; panganga kau. 

Pangarangara, n. a fish. 
Pango, a. black ; of dark clour. 
Pangoro, a. full. Pangoro tonu 

te waka. 
Pangoungou, n. a fish. 
Pangunungunii, y. t, peel. Pa- 

ngunungunua he riwai ma tatou, 

I. Pani, n. 1. orphan. 2. widow. 

II. PSriii, V. t. paint: besmear. 
E pani ana te kuia ra i tona 
matenga ki te hinu. 

ni. Pani, — papani, v. t. block 
up. Kua pauia tena kuwaha. 

F&noho, n. pole for propelling a 
canoe. (R.) 

P&n&k6, and pan6k5reia, n. a 
fish which adheres to rocks. 

P&noni, V. change. 

Panonoko, the same as panoko. 

P&nukii, V. i. 1. more on. Ki- 
hai i panuku te rongoa; mau 
tonu ki te korokoro. 2. ex- 
pressing lapse of time. Ka tau 
ko llehu; panuku tou mai ko 
Kukupo; panuku tou mai ko 

P&o, V. t. 1. strike with a ham- 
mer &c. 2. crack or break; 
and hence applied intransitively 
to the hatching of eggs. Ka 
pao nga hua pipipi. 3. Pass, 
paoa, he .scattered. Ka paoa 
rikiriki nga tangata o reira. 
The men of that place are scat- 
tered like dust. 

paopao, V. t. 1. strip oJJ' the bark 
by bruising. 2. any thing 
which one really wishes for. 
Me paopao oti? He mokopuna 
ranei na Rahiri ? 

P&0&, n. 1. smoke. 2. gall. See 
also under pao. 

P&o8, a. solitary. 

P&oho, a. on the alarm. Paoho 
kau ki hea ranci. 

P&oi, n. wooden beater for pound- 
ing fernroot. 

p&oi, V. t. pound with a paoi. 
Kua paoitia he aruhe hei kina- 


Paoro — Paparii. 

ki (94). — Paoia he roi ma ta- 

Paoro, V. i. 1. echoi resound. 
Paoro ana nga maunga i tetahi 
taha, i tetahi taha. 2. he jarred 
by harsh sounds. Paorooro ana 
nga taringa. 

Paowa, see paoa. 

I. Papa, n. 1. father, or father^s 
or mother's brother. Mana e 
takitaki te mate o tona papa. 
2. a lizard. 

II. Papa, V. t. ram or compress 
^dth the hand. He mea papa 
te oneone. 

Papa, n. 1. anythiiig broad, Jlal 
and hard ; flat rock ; slab ; board. 
2. disputed land, or other ground 
of quarrel. He papa taku ki 
a ia; / have offended him. Ka 
riro i a au te papa; / have 
gained the victory. 3. breech; 
buttock. Kei nga papa te ma- 
mae. 4. vessel made of totara 
bark. E ma nga papa hinu 
(138). 5. a proper name for 
the earth, short for Papa-tu-a- 

papa, V. i. 1. lie flat. 2. be thrown 
down or overcome. Ko ana tua- 
kana, i papa noa i te ngaunga 
a Tawhiri ratou ko ana tama 

whakapapa, v. i. go slyly or 
stealthily. Ka whakapapa mai 
te tangata ra; he tahae pea. 
V. t. 1. lay one upon another; 
place in layers. 2. recite in 
chronological order genealogies, 
legends &c. I haere mai ia ki 
te whakapapa i nga kauwhau 

whakapaparanga, n. 1. layer; 
series of layers. 2. generation. 

Papa, V. i. 1. break shortly, or 
suddenly. He mea papa noa. 
2. burst; explode. Papa te wha- 
titiri runga nei, 3. chatter, as 
the teeth with cold. 

Papaahuahiia, n. shoulder-blade. 

Papae, see under pae. 

Papahewa, a. diseased in the eyes. 

Papahoro, v. i. 1. fall or drop 
out. Ka maroke nga harakeke, 
ka papahoro nga kai. 2. flee. 
Kua papahoro te ope. 

Papahu, V. i. blaze. Ka papahu 
te kapura. 

Papaka, n. 1. crab. 2. a variety 
of potato. 

Papa-kai-ra, n. otiter surface of 
the side of a canoe. 

Papaki, see under paki. 

Papaki, v. t. sew one thing upon 
another, and so 1. patch. Me 
I papaki tou kakahu. 2. sew two 
I ketes mouth to mouth to hold 
I maize &c. Taurakitia, ka ma- 
j roke, papaki rawa ka whakatu 
atu ki roto ki to whata. 

Papaku, see under paku. 

Papakiira, n. an insect. 

Papamaro, a. 1. hard. 2. ob- 

Papanga, a. half-full. Eingihia 
he wai ki roto, kia papanga. 

Papanga, n. site. Kotahi papa- 
nga kainga. 

Papapa, n. 1. calabash. 2. shell 
of an egg &c. 3. chaff or bran. 
4. a kind of moss. 5. a tree. 

Papapa-koura, n. a plant. 

Papapatiia, n. vessel made of to- 
tara bark. 

Papara, v. i. 1. flow (of the tide). 
Ka papara te tai. 2. denoting 
any slight extension of space. 
I a Te Kanginga a raro; pa- 
para atu, i a Pi; papara atu, i 
a Rua. 

Paparahi, n. stage for drying 

Paparahua, n. a kind of table 
from which food is eaten (R.). 

Papare, see under pare. 

Paparinga, n. cheek. 

Paparu, a. flat-roofed. 

Fap&Hia — Parakuiti . 


Paparua, v. t. 1. double. 2. re- 

Papata. see under pata. 

Papatahi, n. Jlat land. 

Papatairite, a. level; of an even 

Papa-taniwhaniwha, n. lage- 
nnphnra Forsleri; a plant ! 

Papa-tangaroa, n. a shell fiBh. | 

Papatau, n. hard surface. Ka 
j)apatautia te walii ra i te ta- 
n<j:ata uei te takatakahi. 

Papataura, n. a red fungus grow- 
ing on rocks. 

FapStSa, a. having no tattoo marks 
on the face. 

P&p&ta, n. 1. screen for defen- 
sive purposes; bulwark. 2. 

Papatua, n. land which has not 
been cultivated. 

Papatupu, n. 1. hard ground. 
2. sit lid mass. I a au te papa- 
tupu o ie oneone. 

P&p&iiin&, n. copras ma grandi- 
f'lia ; a tree. 

Pap&w&i, n. outer surface of the 
bottom if a canoe. 

Pap&whSnua, n. a kind of eel, 
not full grown; the same as 

P&pip&pi, a. confused. Ka papi- 
papi te reo o te tangata nei. 

PSpua, a. fruitful. He rakau 
papua te kahikatea. 

PapOra, a. purple. 

I. P&r&, n. 1. sediment; impurity; 
dross. He wai para horo; wa- 
ter made muddy by a landslip. | 
2. dust. 3. half of a tree which 
has been split down the middle, j 
Wahia ana, ko Mat;itua tetahi 
para, ko Aotca tetahi (109). 
4. a species of cord y line; a 
tree. 6. marattia salicina ; a 
fern. 6. bravery; spirit. He 
tangata whai para. 

para, 1. turned to dust: rotten. 
He riri ano ta te tawa uho, 

he riri ano ta te tawa para; 
ara o te rangatira, ona whaka- 
tauki (145). 2. turned yellow; 
sere. Ka para nga kai o to 

II. Para, a. affected with pimp- 

III. Para, v. t. cut down bush &c. ; 
clear. Kei te para a Piwaka 
i tana waerenga. 

Para, u. a fish. 

Parae, n. level or undulating open 


Paraharaha, a. Jlat and thin, 
WHiri paraharaJia, Jlat cord 
platted with three strands, 

paraharaha, n. 1. hoop iron, or 
anytliing similar. 2. tool made 
of thin iron. 


whakaparahako, v. t. reject; re- 
fuse. He aha koe i whaka- 
parahako ai ki tc kakahu mou? 

Pftr&hi, n. steep slope. 

ParahI, n. brass. 

P&rahua, n. fresh alluvial depo- 

P&r&hlia, v. t. fake ojf the bait 
from a hook. I parahuatia taku 
matau e te ika. 

P&r&hiiniihunii, v. t. roast. Ka 
haere tatou ki te parahuuuhunu 
ngote ma tatou. 

P ABA I BE, n. bridle. 

Pabaibei, n. Friday. 

P&r&k&u, n. slave. 

P&r&kStS, n. booty. 

Paraki, n land-wind from the 

P&rSkiri, n. innermost fence of 
a pa, inside the kalua or main 

Parakiwai, n. silt ; sediment from 
a flood. 

P&rakoka, n. refuse of flax leaf 

P&r&k5k&, n. a fish, the same 
as par ore. (R.) 

Parakuhi, n. breakfast. 


Paramanawa — Parewhero. 

Paramanawa, n. refreshment. Ka 
kite mai ki ana paramanawa 
hei oranga, hari ana (151). 

Paranako, n. a plant. 

Paranohi, v. t. cover with hot 
stones in a native oven. 

I. Parangia, n. bait for fish. 

II. Parangia, v. pass, be over- 
come with sleep. Kei parangia 
koe e te moe. 

Parangunii, v. t. roast. Para- 
ngunua he taiawa ma tatou. 

Paraoa, n. 1. sperm whale. 2. 
weapon made of the bone of a 
sperm whale. Paraoa-roa, wea- 
pon made of a whale'' s rib. 

Paraoa, n. flour; bread. 

Parapara, n. 1. sacred place. 2. 
Jirslfruits of fish, cooked be- 
fore the rest. 3. a tree. 

Paraparahanga, n. fragments of 


Parara, n. 1. sudden and violent 
gust of wind. 2. bad fern i^oot. 

Pararahi, a. flat. 

Parare, n. food. Ka haere tatou 
ki te parare. (R.) 

Parare, v. i. speak or cry loudly ; 
bawl. Parare tonu te mangai 
te wahine ra. — Ka parare 
raua ki te tangi (97). 

Parareka, n. potato. 

Parariki, n. rust. 

Paeaeutiki, a. paralytic. 

Paratu, a. high up. Kua paratu 
noa atu te ra. 

Parau, n. slave; slavery. Ka riro 
taku tamaiti i te parau. 

Parau, a. 1. false. Parau tahi e 
ta! 2. making' fruitless exer- 
tions; toiling to no purpose. 
Ko te iwi ra tera, ka parau 
kau atu i uta (179). 3. mak- 
ing vain pretensions; speaking 
falsely. Paraparau kau koe e 

Paraiiri, a. dark in colour ; dark- 

Parawera, n. land where the fern 

&c. has been burnt off. 
Parawhenua, n. flood. 

I. Pare, n. band for the hair; 
ornament for the forehead; 
wreath. Pare titi; peak of a 

II. Pare, and papare, v. t. turn 
aside; ward off. Ka parea te 
matia, ka hemo. 

Paee, n. barley. 

Parehe, a. flattened; bent in- 
wards. He ihu parehe; a flat 
nose. Ka parehe te tuara i te 

parehe, n. flat cake. He parehe 

I. Pareho, n. head. 

II. Pareho, v. i. be consumed. 
Kua pareho ke nga ika i te 

Parekereke, n. sandal. 
Pareko, v. i. be consumed. 
Parekuhi, v. t. cut the hair short. 
Parekiira, n. battle ; battle-field ; 

place where people have fallen 

in battle. 
Paremata, n. stern of a vessel. 
Paremo, a. 1. drowned. Kia tu- 

pato ki to tamaiti kei paremo. 

2. he arero paremo; a tongue 

slow in speaking. 
Parenako, n. a. tree. 
Parenga, n. steep bank of a river. 
Parengo, v. i. slip. 
parengorengo, a. slippery. He 

kowhatu parengorengo, a term 

applied to a churlish fellow. 
Parepare, n. 1. breast work in 

a fortification. 2. defensive charm 


Parera, n. 1. duck. 2. a fish, 
parerarera, n. plantago; a plant. 
Parera, n. north-west wind. 
Pareramaumii, a. unable to swim. 
Paretai, n. bank of a river. 
Paretiia, n. pad under a load, to 

protect the back. 
Parewhero, n. slaughter in battle. 

Pari — whakapatai. 


I. Pari, n. cliff; precipice. Pari 

karaiigarauga ; echo. 
TL Pari, a. Jlowi/ig (of the tide 

only). E kore tatou e puta i 

nga kowhatu; kua pari ke te 

III. Pari, V. i. only in the phrase 

*'pari te ihu", be overpowered; 

be baffled. Kua pari te ihu ki 

te moc (93). 
Parihirihi, n. head. 
Parikou, n. a kind of eel. 
Pariratanga, n. cessation; inter- 

mission. Te ai he pariratanga 

te hau nei. 
P&rir&u n. wing of a bird. 
Pariri, v. i. shoot up; grow. 
pariri, n. 1. shoot of a plant 

2. clearing in the bush where 

the trees have begun to grow 

ParitSa, n. white cliff. Ano te 

kiri, me he paritea (164). 
ParO, n. 1. hollow of the hand. 

2. small basket for cooked food. 
Par5p&r6, a. withered: decai/ed. 
Parord, a. causing relaration or 

weakness. E whiti, e te ra, 

parorc ki te kiri. 
parore, n. a fish. 
P&r6ri, a. awi^. Parori ke te 

Pardr6, a. cloudy; threatening. 

Ka titiro ki te rangi c paroro 

ana, ka noho. 
paroro, n. threatening clouds; 

scud; bad weather. I te mea 

ka puta te paroro, ka waipuke 

te whenua. 

I. P&rti, a. dirty. 

paru, n. dirt; mud. 

paruparu, n. 1. mud. 2. a pre- 
paration of cockles. He ranga- 
tira; e kore pea ia e kai i t. 
paruparu (190). 

II. P&rii, V. t. 1. cover with a 
coating of raupo. Tikina 
raupo hei paru mo waho o te 
^ MiK 2. lay thatch on the 

roof without tying. Kotahi te 
papanga nati, kotahi te papa- 
nga paru. 
paru, n. 1. raupo on the walls 
of a house. 2. thatch on the 
roof Ka piki raua ki runga 
ki te tuanui, ka tapatapahia 
nga paru o the whare (47). 
III. Paru. 

whakaparu, a. high ; full (of the 
tide). He tai whakaparu te tai 
te ata. 

paruparu, a. deeply laden. Pa- 
ruparu noa te waka ki raro ki 

i te whenua. 

; PSrua, n. brim or edge of a bowl, 

i nest &c. 

iP&ru&uru, n. one who cultivates 

j the soil. 

Parurenga, n. prey; booty, 

I. Paruru, a. shaded. Paruru 
touu te mahinga a tuahangata. 

II. Pariiru, v. t. rub together. 
Parurutia nga riwai kia nga- 
horo ai te ngarehu. 

P&t&, n. 1. drop of mater &c. 
2. grain of corn &c. 3. a kind 
of potato. A. a kind of mat. 

pata, and patapata, v. i. drip; 
fall in drops. Ka pata iho te 

p&p&t&t n. small waves. 

papata, a. covered with spots or 
I pimples. 

patapata, n. strings of a mat. 

whakapata, n. ancient times. No 
tua, no whakapata. 

PSt&hi, V. i. befal all alike. He 
hara kahore i patahi ki a ta- 

PSt&i, V. t. 1. question; enquire, 
Waiho, mana c patai mai. 2. 
provoke. Ka whakaturia o koe 
lie kara, he patai riri tena. 3. 
induce. Ho pataitai naku i te 
tangata kia whakatika ki runga. 
4. jeer ; mock. 

whakapatai, v. t. ask. Ka wha- 
kapataia mai e te pakeha. 


Patai — Pattitti. 

Patai, n. a kind of girdle. 

Pataka, n. I. storehouse raised 
upon posts; elevated stage for 
storing food. WHakanoia ki 
runga ki te pataka. 2. enclosure. 
He pataka poaka. (R.) 

Patanga, n. boundary. Ko te 
patanga tenei ki a Patahuri 
raua ko Tirawatu. 

Patapataiawha, n. heavy rain. 

Patari, and pataritari, v. t. 1. 
amuse; divert. Pataritari a te 
tamaiti. 2. allure; entice. Ka 
whakaritea nga tangata hei pa- 
taritari atu i te ngutu o te ana 
(151). 3. provoke; incite. 

whakapataritari, v. t. provoke. 

Patata, a. near. 

Patate, v. i. crack; break with a 
cracking sound. 

patate, n. a tree. 

Patato, V. i. rattle; jingle. 

Pataua, a. caused by ruin. Wai 
pataua, surface water. 

Pate, n. schejflera digitata ; a tree. 

Patea, n. a variety of kumara. 

Patehetehe, a. short. He raupo 
patehetehe nei. 

Patengitengi, n. storehouse for 

Pater e, v. i. flmv readily. Patere 
ana nga kupu a Tohitapu. 

patere, n. dance. 

patere, ad. denoting abundance. 
Tini patere; exceeding many. 

Patete, v. i. move along, E kore 
e patete te waka i te tai timu. 

patetea, pass, be lengthened or 
extended. Ka patetea te whare. 

Pati, V. t. try to obtain by coax- 
ing, flatten/ &g. He pati moni i 
te pakeha i pena ai tana korero. 

patipati, a. flattering; deceiving; 
not to be depended upon. He 
rongo patipati te rongo o te 
Kawaua ki a au. 

whakapati, v. t. fatter; cajole; 
coax. He aha tau e whaka- 
pati? e kore hoki e hoatu. 

Pati, V. i. ooze; spurt; splash. 
Pati ana te wai o roto ina 

Patiki, n. a fish; founder. 

Patiko, ad. headlong; in haste. 
Ka rere patiko koe ki Maunga- 
waru rawa ngaro noa atu ai. 

Patiotio, n. 1. a shell-fish. 2. 
rock covered ivith mussels. 

Patiti, n. 1. a kind of grass. 2. 

Patito, n. eruption on the head; 
scald head. 

Pato, V. i. crack; snap; emit a 
sharp sudden sound. E pato 
mai ra te rakau; kei reira te 
tangata i oma nei. 

patoto, V. i. 1. beat; dash. Koi 
patoto te tai ki te akau, koi 
aha. 2. knock repeatedly. 3. 
bite, as a fish in taking the 

Patohe, n. fallow ; abandoned cul- 

Patoke, V. t. glean potatoes &c. 
E patoke kapana ana. 

Patoti, V. i. cut a notch or fur- 
row. Patoti noa ai i runga; 
kaore i hou ki raro. 

patoti, a. dented; notched. 

Patotoi, a. chapped. E patotoi 
ana oku ngutu. 

Patti, n. wall screen. 

Patii, V. t. 1. strike; beat; thrash. 
Aue rawa ake, ka aue, e patu 
ana, a roa rawa, ka tukua (19). 
2. ill-treat in any way. 3. kill. 
Ka toia mai ki waho, ka pa- 
tua, ka mate a Kae (38). 

patu, n. weapon. Ko te kauae o 
tona tupuna tana patu (19). 

papatu, V. i. strike together ; clash, 
Ka papatu a raua rakau. 

patu, a. Kaho patu; lowest bat- 
ten on the roof of a house. 

Patiipaiarehe, n. demons of evil 

Patutti, n. dogskin mat ; the same 
as puahi. 

Pau — pehipehi. 


I. Pau, V. i. 1. be consumed or 
exhausted. Ko etahi rawhi ka 
pau ma nga whakaeke. 2. de- 
noting the complete or exhaustive 
character of any action. Ka 
pau katoa nga poaka te hopu- 
hopu. With mai or ntu it sig- 
nifies that all have come or gone, 
I pau mai ano nga tangata o 
te ope ra ki ro whare. 

whakapau, v. t. consume ; Jinish ; 
leave no exception. 

II Pau, u. a kind of potato. 

Paua, n 1. ha/iotis or sea-ear; 
a shell fish. 2. potatoes black- 
ened from exposure to the wea- 

Paiihu, V. i. 1. s/tp. Kei pauhu 
atu te rakuu. 2. put off; ad- 
journ. Pauhua atu ta tatou mea 
mo te takiwa o te hanganga 
i te whare-karakia. 

Paukkxa, n. pumpkin. 

P&ukii, n. a garment. 

Fauna, n. pound. 

FAUNA, V. t weigh. 

P&W&, n. entrance to a trap. See 
also i>aoa. 

P&wSkS, V. t. ensnare, 

PawSr&, a. 1. hot. 2. .solicitous; 
apprehensive. Ka pawera toku 

Pfiwh&k&Hia, n. north-east wind. 

P&wh&r&, a. ripped open. 

pSwh&r&, V. t. rip open. Ka 
haehaea te ika nei; pawharatia 
tonutia i te riu (155). 

PS, and pSpS, a. 1. crushed; 
mashed. Kua pe ke nga pititi 
i roto i te kete. 2. soft; easily 
crushed. 3. suppurating^ as a 
boil. Homai he rongoa hei 
whakape mo taku whewhe. 4. 
soilej by any pulpy or viscid 
substance. Kei pe tou kakahu 
i te miere. 

p9pS, n. soft mass; cake. He 
pepe roi. 

P§a, ad. 1. perhaps. E kore pea 

ia e pai mai ki ahau (131). 2. 
intensive, sometimes preceded 
by hoki; indeed ; of course. He 
taniwha hoki pea kei te ara 
ki Tikitapu (156). 3. for pe- 
hea; how. 

Peau, V. i. be turned away. Kua 
peau ke te ihu o te kaipuke. 

whakapeau, v. t. turn away. Ko 
to utu mo to tohunga ta moko, 
me whakapeau mai ki a au. 

I. Peha, u. bark; peelings &c. 

II. Peha — pSpeha, n. 1. boast. 
2. affected speech; witticism. 
He pepeha te ki nei, ehara i 
te ki tuturu. 

whakapehapeha, v. i. boast. 

P6haiig&, n. 1. derivative from 
pehi. See pehi. 2. heap. Te 
pehanga wahie o kaike mai ra. 

PShda, a. interrogative, of what 
sortf character, appearance &c. 
Pehea te ahua o to tane? (52). 

pehea, v. t. do or treat in what 
uHty. 1 peheatia te iwi ra i 
mate ai? 

PShl, i. V. t. 1. press; weigh 
down, £ Iiaere mai ana hoki 
nga kawekawc, e pehi ana i 
te waka ki raro (110). 2. re- 
press. E kore e taea tona hia- 
hia te pehi. 3. abolish. 4. sit 
or brood, as a hen. 

ii. V. i. lie. E pehi mai ra 
nga wahie i tua o te whare. 

I>ebi, n. 1. sticks rubbed together 
to procure fire; especially the 
knunoti, or under one. 2. se- 
cond person killed or taken in 
battle. I a Tupe te mataika, i 
a au te pehi. 

pehipehi, v. t. waylay. Katahi 
ka pehipehia mai e Rata i ta- 
haki (55). 

pehipehi, n. 1. ambuscade. 2. 
sill of a door frame. 3. return 
for a present. Ko te kohi pe- 
hipehi nga tangata. 


Pehiakura — Per a. ^ 

Pehiakura, n. dicksonia squar- 

ro.stt ; a fern tree. 
Pei, V. t. ffrire out; banish. He 

peinga hoki ia na ona tua- 

Peipei, n. /ump of earth; clod. 
Peihana, n. hasin. 
Peka, n 1. bra/ich of a tree, ri- 
ver &c. hence 2. Jirewood. 3. 

peka, V. i. turn aside. 
pekanga, n. branch road. Kia 

tae koe ki te pekanga o te 

ara ka noho ki raro. 
whakapeka, v. t. refuse. Korero 

whakapeka, dark saying. 
pekapeka, n. 1. bat. 2. windmill 

toy. 3. some kind of ornament 

I. Peke, n. upper part of the 
arm : fore quarter, Ka ngaro 
katoa nga peke matamua ki roto 
ki nga koro (151). 

II. Peke, V. t. leap over. Pekea 
te awa nei. 

pepeke, v. i. draw up the legs 

or arms. Pepeke on waewae. 
pekepeke, a. quick. Kia peke- 

peke te haere. 
whakapeke, v. t. conceal. Ka 

man ki te hate, ka whakape- 

kea ki roto ki ona. 

III. Peke, V. i. be all gone or 
come, without exception. Ka- 
hore ano au taonga kia peke 

Peke, n. bag. 

Pekehawani, n. the star whose 
appearance marks the 8th month. 

Pekepoho, n. frst born child. 

Pekerangi, v. i. dance. 

pekerangi, n. outermost ox fourth 
fence of a complete stockade. 

Pekerere, n. small garment for 
the shoulders; cape. 

Peketiia, n. 1. supplementary load 
carried on the back. 2. a wea- 
pon carried in the belt. 

Peki, V. i. chirp; twitter. Te 

manu e peki ana (137). 
Pena, a. like that ivhich is near, 

or has some reference to, the 

person spoken to. 
pena, v. t. treat or do in that 

ivay. Me pena ia te mahi na? 
pena, ad. in that case. 
Penapena, v. t. take care of; tend ; 

Penei, a. like anything ?iear, or 

connected with the .speaker. 
penei, v. t. do in this manner. 

Ko wai ka hua tera e penei- 

penei, ad. in this case; if the 

case were thus; otherwise. Me 

i ora ano a te Arawa, penei e 

ma nga waka hei hoenga ki 

Hawaiki (93). 
Peniipenii, a. mashed. Kua penu- 

penu nga kapana i roto i te 

Peo, V. t. beg. E peo kai ana 

te tamaiti. 
Peoi, n. solanum aviculare ; a 

Pepa, n. 1. paper. 2. pepper. 

I. Pepe, n. 1. a grub found in 
rotten wood. 2. moth. 

pepepe, n. 1. moth or butterfly. 
2. basket. 3. a plant. 

II. Pepe. V. t. attract birds by 
imitating their cry. Ka mau 
ki te raurekau, ka pepea. 

pepe, n. leaf used for the above 
purpose. Ma Matete e whaka- 
tangi te pepe, 

Pepe, a. close together. Akuanei 
kia pepe te haere. 

Pepe, see under pe. 

Pepeha, see under peha. 

Pepeke, see under peke. 

Pepueei^, a. February. 

Pera, like anything which is un- 
connected either with the spea- 
ker or the person addressed. 
Me i pera te ahua, ka pai 

pera — Piki. 


pera, v. t. treat or do in that 

Peraro, n. a shell-fish. 

Pere, n. arrow or dart thrown 
by means of a thong attached 
to a stick, 

pere, v. t. throw an arrow or 

perepere, v. t dear ojf weeds 
&c. Me perepere nga taru o 
te mara ka ngaki ai. 

Perehia, n. ap^rostis uemiila, pi- 
/nsa or Bitlardieri : grasses. 

Poropero, n. dog. 

Peru, n. 1. fulness about the eyes 
and lips when a person is an- 
gry. Ka tuku nga peru a to 
tangata. 2. overhanging portion 
of a roof. E nui ana te peru 
ki waho. 

peruperu, 1 . throat feathers of 
the koko, or prosthcmadera 
2. a kind of danoc. 

P§t&pSt&, a. uHtrn out. 

petapeta, n. rags. 

petapeta, ad. all at once. 

Petd, V. i. be consumed. Kua 
peto noa atu te rongoa 

P8w&, n. anything bow-shaped ; so 
1 . ei/ebrow. Tu aua nga pewa 
o te tangata ra; ka riri. 2. 
f/ew moon. 3. entrance to a 
trap for birds &c. 4. Pewa 
ika, roe of a Jish. 

I. Pi, n. young of birds; chick. 

II. Pi, V. i. Jlow (of the tide). 
Kua pi te tai. 

pipi, V. i. ooze. 

pipi, V. t. bathe with water. 

Pi, n. urine. 

Pia, n. 1. gum of trees, or any 
similar exudation. 2. blind eel. 

Piah^rS, n. a plant. 

Piango, a. empty. Ka piango te 

Pi&t&, a. bright; clear; trans- 

Pie, V. t. 1. desire earnestly. 2. 

Piha, u. small kumara. 

Piha, and pihapiha, u. gills of 
a fish. 

Pihanga, n. window. 

Pihangaiti, v. i. lie in a heap; 
he gathered together. Kia pi- 
hangaiti nga papa. 

whakapihangaiti, v. t. lay in a 

Pih&o, T. t. surround. Pihaoa! 

Pihar&u, n. small eel. 

PiHAREixGA, n. cricket. Ko te 
pihareinga kei te noho marire; 
mo te raumati ka tangi ai. 

Pih§, n. song sung over the bo- 
dies of the slain. 

pihepihe, n. girdle for the waist. 

Pilli, V. i. .spring up; begin to 
grow. Kua pihi nga korau. 

pihi, n. a species of grass. 

pihi, a. watertight. 

pihipihi, u. a bird. 

PlaT, see Pirai. 

Pih5, n. a variety of potato. 

PIh6ih5i, n. ground lark; anthus 
Nova* Zelandiw. 

Pih5ng&, a. putrid. He pihonga 
te kai nei. 

Pliui, n. piece; block of land. 

PXk&rti, discharge from the eyes. 

Pik&u, V. t. carry on the back: 
pick-a-back. Kahore he ta- 
ngata hei pikau i te kcte kai. 

pikau or pikaunga, n. load for 
the back. 

Pik&wik&wi, a. flexible ; flaccid. 

I. Piki, V. t. 1. climb. Pikitia 
te rakau nei ki etahi karaka 
ma tatou. 2. piki turanga, 
come to the rescue; assist any 
one /// fghting. I pikitia e 
ia toku turanga. 

pikitanga, n. ascent of a hill «&;c. 
whakapiki, v. t. cause to ascend. 

Katahi a Kupe ka whakapiki i 

tona waka (109). 

II. Piki, a. frizzled ; closely curl- 



?5fK?— Piri. 

III.^PiKi,^n. fig. 

Pikiarero, n. 1. roof of the mouth. 
2. clematis indivisa : a climbing 

Pikitara, n. 1. verandah. 2. a 
kind of eel. 

Piko, V. i. bend; stoop. Ka piko 
te rakau; meake whati. 

piko, a. bent; curved. He tuara 

piko, n. corner; bend. Hei te 
piko te awa tatou noho ai. 

whakapiko, v. t. bend. 

whakapiko, n. murder committed 
upon persons who are in the 
act of eating food which has 
been prepared by the murde- 

pikopiko, n. young shoots of 
ferns. He pikopiko i te nga- 
here ngakai a te Maori. 

Pikoko, a. hungry. 

Pimirumirii, n. a bird. 

Pinakitanga, n. gentle slope of 
a hill &c. 

Pinakitere, n. a plant. 

Pinakii, n. ivar-canoe; the same 
as pitau. 

Pine, and pipiae, a. close toge- 
ther, Ko matou kua pipine 
mai ki roto noho ai. 

Pine, n. pin. 

Pinohi, and pinohinohi, v. t. 
place hot stones on food in a 
native oven, to insure its being 
cooked. Pinohinohia ta tatou 

pinohi, n. sticks used for handl- 
ing hot stones; tongs. 

Pinono, v. t. beg; obtain in an 
artful mariner. 

Pingao, n. desmoschcenus spira- 
lis ; a plant. 

Pingau, n. 1. a plant; perhaps 
the same as pingao. 2. strings 
of a mat. 

Pingongo, a. shrunk. Pingongo 
ana nga papa o te hoiho. 

Pingore, a. flexible; bending. Pi- 
ngore noa te arawhata. 

I. Pio, V. i. be extinguished ; go 
out. Kua pio te kora. (R.) 

II. Pio, a. many. He pio te ta- 

piopio, n. a bird. 

whakapiopio , n. metrosideros 
scafidens, a plant. 

Pioe, n. rfr// firewood. (R.) 

Pioi, and pioioi, v. t. shake; 
brandish. Ka whakatika a Ha- 
tupatu, ka pioi i ana kirikiri 
upoko (102). 

pioi, n. so?ig sung while brand- 
ishing heads or scalps. 

pioioi, n. a bird. 

Piokaoka, v. t. strip off. Pi- 
okaokangia he peha mo ta ta- 
tou ahi. 

Piokeoke, n. a small shark. 

Pioriori, n. soug. 

Pipi, n. cockle; a shell fish. 

whakapipi, v. t. place one on 
another; stack. 

Pipi, a. half grown; not matured. 
He iwi pipi. Compare kopipi. 
See also pi. 

Pipipi, n. turkey. 

Pipiwharauroa, n. chrysococcyx 
lucidus ; small cuckoo. 

Pirahau, a. rotten. See pirau. 

Pirahu, n. firewood. (R.) 

Piraka, and pirakaraka, n. fire- 
ivood. (R.) 

Pirakii, n, firewood. (R.) 

Pirangi, v, t. desire. Ka nui tana 
pirangi ki te paraoa hei kai 

Pirara, v. i. he separated; be di- 
vided; be wide apart. Pirara 
ana te awa. — Ano nga moko o 
Tohu; pirara ana. 

Pirata, a. sharp. 

Pirau, a. 1. rotten. He pirau 
no nga kai i mahue ai. 2. gone 
out; extinguished. Homai he 
wahie, keiwha pirau te ahi. 

I. Piri, V. i. 1. stick. Piri kita 

pipiri — Pohata. 


te ika nei ki te kowhatu; e 
kore e taea. 2. come close; 
keep close. Kua piri mai te 
waka. 3. skulk: hide oneself. 

pipiri, V. i. come to close quar- 
ters; join battle. Katahi ka 
pipiri ta raua whawhai. 

piripiri, n. actvna san^uisorbar ; 
a plant. Hoe piripiri; additio- 
nal steer-oar. 

whakapiri, v. t. stick; fasten. 

II. Piri, n. the moon at 21 days 

Pirih6ng6, v. i. keep close. He 
tamaiti pirihongo. 

Pirik&hii, n. accena sanguisorbre ; 
a plant 

PiripiriwhatS, n. carpodetus ter- 
ra t us : a shrub. 

Pirit&, n. rhipogonum .scandens; 
a climbing; plant. 

Piritdk&, n. ainmalcnihr adluring 
to rocks. 

PiriwhSt&u, n. ui„,.,i .in„^ui- 
sorbit; a plant. 

Piro, a. putrid; stinking. 

piro, n. 1. foul smell. 2. intesti- 
nes . 

PirSku, V. i. go out; be extin- 
guished. Ka piroku te ahi. 

PlrSri, i. v. t. plant. I haere 
mai ahau i te pirori parare-l 
ka. ii. V. i. roll along as a I 
ball &c. 1 

pirori, n. hoop; a toy. 1 

Pitau, n. \. young succulent shoot \ 
of a plant. 2. war canoe with I 
a fancy figurehead, i.e. one not I 
representing a human head. ! 

I'hItT, n. peach. 

Pit6, n. 1. end; extremity. Koi 
tona ringa tetahi pito o te 
taura e mau ana. 2. navel. i 

Pit6itdi, n. 1. a small land bird.! 
2. a sea bird. 

PitokitS, n. niggard; churl. 

Piu, V. t. throw or swing with a 
r.nrd. Piua mai te pito o te 

! piupiu, V. i. oscillate ; move to 

j and fro. Kua piupiu te pu o 

I Raka. 

i piupiu, n. a plant. 

I Piwai, n. small kumara, over- 

j looked in lifting the crop. Ma- 

I tahi kari piwai; the second 

piwai, V. t. dig. 

Piw^kS,waka, n. rhipidura fJa- 
bellifera, or fan tail; a bird. 

Piwari, a. I. bent. 2. beautiful. 

Plwat&wata, a. ///// of intersti- 
ces or open spaces. Ka piwa- 
tawata mai nga patu o te 

P5, n. 1 . night. Ko te po whakaau 
te moe (46). Used in speak- 
ing of a small number of days ; 
"Po hia koutou ki te ara?" "Po 
torn". 2. season. Ko te po 
tanu kai tenei. 3. place of 
departed spirits. 

p5ngia, V. pass, be overtaken by 
night. Ka pongia tatou akua- 

P6a, V. t. allure by bait; entice. 
Me poa te manu ki te kaanga 
ka mau ai. 

p6pda, n. sacred food, eaten on 
account of the dead. 

pdap6a, n. bail. 

PO&h&, a. open. 

PoAKA, n. pig. 

POSn&ng&, n. clematis hexasepala 
&c. Compare pua-wananga. 

PO&ng&&ng&, n. skull. 

P5&r§, a. open. Compare puare. 

POfirLt&rit&, V. i. be in a hurry. 
Ka poaritarita ki te kai, ka 

POau&u, a. mistaken; confused. 

P6h&, a. /////. 

I>oha, n. basket. 

P5haha, a. split open ; ripped up. 
l*ohaha ana te putea. 

Poh&nS, V. i. practise sodomy. 

POh&t&, n. wild turnip. 


Pohatu — Poke. 

Pohatu, see powhatu. | 

Pohauhau, a. confused. Ka he 
noa iho nga whakaaro, ka po- 
hauhau noa iho (71). 
Pohe, or popohe, a. 1. withered, 
Kua pohe nga rau o te rakau. 

2. blind. 

whakapohe, v. t. blind; throw 
dust in the eyes (metaphori- 

Pohehe, a. mistaken; in error. 

Pohewa, a. mistaken; confused. 

Pohiri, see powhiri. 

Poho, n. 1. chest. Ka mamae 
taku poho i te maremare. 2. 
stomach. Ka piango te poho. 

3. seat of the affections; breast. 
WHiti ana taku poho i to ka- 

Pohoi, n. bunch of feathers worn 

in the ear for ornament. Ka 

haere ki te wai, ka mahue te 

pohoi ki uta; ka hoki mai ki 

uta, katahi ka pohoi i tana 

Pohopa, a. having- scruples. 
Pohowera, n. charadrius bicinc- 

tus; a bird. 
Pohue, and pohuehue, n. a name 

given to several climbing or 

trailing plants, as convolvulus; 

clematis &c. 
Pohuhti, a. 1. swarming; in 

croivds. Me te ngaro e po- 

huhu nei. 2. cloudy ; overcast. 
Poliutu, V. i. splash; make a 

pohutuhutu, V. i. be splashed. 

Komai he takai mo nga tapu- 

tapu, kei pohutuhutu. 
Pohutukawa, n. metro sideros to- 

mentosa; a tree. 
Poi, n. hall. 
poipoi, V. t. toss, swing or wave 

about. Poipoia te tamaiti nei. 

— Of an oifering to an 'atua'. 

Katahi ha maoa te kuri ra, ka 

poipoia (112). 

Poihewa, n. small basket for 

cooked food. 
Poike, V. t. place aloft. I poi- 

ketia rawatia nga kaka ki ru- 

nga ki tona mahunga. 
poike, a. tufted at the top. He 

Poioio, n. first shoots of potato 

or kumara. 
Poito, n. for pouto, float. 
Poka, n. hole; pit; well, 
poka, V. t. 1. make a hole in or 

through ; bore ; pierce. Me poka 

te rakau nei. 2. strike out a 

path. He ara poka hou tena. 

3. do anything unusual, 
pokapoka, v. t. 1. pierce with a 

number of holes. He mate po- 

kapoka; scrofulous sores. 2. 

plant in holes. Me pokapoka 

nga kapana ki te papatu. 
Pokai, n. 1. ball of string &c. 

2. swarm of flies ; flock of bird. 

Ka rere ki waho nga pokai 

koko (33). 
pokai, V. t. wind in a ball. Mau 

e pokai te aho. 
Pokaikaha, a. confused; at a loss. 

Ka tae matou ki te wahi ngaru, 

ka pokai kaha. 
Pokaka, a. 1. stormy, I kitea 

e au te pokaka rawa o te hau- 

ra. 2. hot. He pokaka no te 

whare i mahue ai. 
pokaka, n. storm; squall. 
Pokakii, a. in doubt; mistaken ; 

Pokauoa, v. t. do without autho- 
rity ; do at random. 
Pokapti, n. middle; centre. 
Pokare, or pokarekare, v. i. be 

agitated, as a liquid. Marino 

tonu te moana; hore rawa he 

whakapokarekare, v. t. disturb 

the .surface of water; .spill. 
I. Poke, n. 1. short axe. 2. greens; 

turnip tops &c. E tia te poke ; 

me te maunu koura! 

P6k6— Pope. 


II. Fdk§, a. soiled; dirty. Kei ! Pokurukurii, n. iump. 

poke ou kakahu. 

pokurukviru, a. fu/l of lumps. 

pokepoke, v. t. mir up with //v/-iP6na, 1. knot. 2. joint in the 

arm or leg. 3. cord. Ka kuhua 
te pona a AVHakatau ki te 
whare, puta noa ki tetehi ta- 
ha, puta noa ki tetehi taha 
(61). 5. string of fish. 
! pona, V. t. tie in a knot. 

III. Poke, V. i. appear \}xs a spi- 
rit). Ka poke mai te tupapaku 

ka wehi koe. 
P5keka, n. a kind of mat made 

of llax. 
Pokeka, y. i. be perplexed. 
Pokek§, a. small. He mara po- 

P5k3k6, a. sullen, 
Pekere, u. 1. pitfall. 2. pulp of 

thu tawa berry, 
pokere, ad. iu the dark. Ka 

luu3re pokere atu to tangata i 

POkSrgha, u. fruit of the tawa. 
pokorehu, ad. uuthoaf cause. I 

patua pokerchiitia uoatia iho e 

au taku tamaiti. 

ponapona, n. Joint in the arm or 

PQn&hd, n. anything diminutive 

in size. 
PSnSnS, a. hurried ; flurried. He 

ponana i raahue ai nga puka- 

PSniania, n. lower part of the 

POnini, V. i. glow; diffuse a red 

light. Pouini ana te kakahu o 

te tangata nei ki roto ki te 


P6ki, and p5pdki, v. t. 1. coiw ' I. P6n6, a. 1. true. 2. hospitable; 
over. Pokia tii tatou umu. 2. i bountiful. 
place with the concave .side down- ' p6n5ngi&, a. true; unfeigned. 

wards. Me popoki te waka nei. 

popoki, n. lid; cover. 

pokipoki, n. eddt/ wind. 

Pokihi, V. i. shoot; begin to 

P6k5, V. i. go out, as lire; be- 
come extinguished. Homai he 
wahie kei poko te ahi. — Me 
tc poko (13\ of a sudden 
disappearance, like the going 
out of a flame. 

popoko, a. withered; shrivelled. 

Pokohiwi, n. shoulder. 

Pdkdkdhiia, n. an epithet which 

Ehara i te wakapupuni pono- 

nga (133). 
whakapono or whakapononga, 

V. t. believe ; admit as true. 

WHakapononga ana a Manaia 

II. P5n6, V. i. 1. light upon; 

come upon. Pono rawa mai e 

putu ana i roto i tc hangi (90). 

2. fall in one's way. He mea 

i pono mai ki toku aroaro. 
pdpdn6, V. t. covet. Oti, ka po- 

pouo koutou ki nga kota o te 


is considered the greatest pos- pononga, n. captive; slave. 

sible insult. Compare kohu. P8p6, and p6p6p6p6, a. rotten; 
Pokorehu, n. ashes. worm-eaten. 

Pokorua, n. 1. pit; hollow. 2. Popo, a. pointed. Ma tawhiti e 

a/it. titiro Maungataniwha, popotonu 

pokorua, a. hollow; sunken. He | a runga. 

mate kai tc tangata ra; i kitcaiP5pO, v. t. crowd around ; throng. 

ki nga kanohi ka pokopoko- 1 POpO, v. t. 1. pat with the hand. 

rua. I Popotia to tamaiti na kia rautu 

Pdkowhiwhi, n. shoulder. I ai te tangi. 2. knead; mix up. 


Popoa— Porokl. 

Ma wai e popo te paru? 3. 
anoint. Me popo ki te hinu 
ki te kokowai. 

Popoa, see under poa. 

Popohe, see under pohe. 

Popoia, n. handle of a basket. 

Popoki, see under poki. 

Popokoriia, n. ant. 

Popokotea, n. a bird. 

Popono, see under pono. 

Popore, see under pore. 

Poporo, see under poro. 

Poporoihewa, n. hedycaria den- 
tata, a tree. 

Pora, a. flat-roofed. He pora te 
whare. — Pora matanui, having 
a roof of moderate pitch. 

pora, n. ship. Tangata pora, man 
from shipboard; foreigner. 

Porae, v. t. anoint. 

porae, n. a fish. 

Porahii, and porahurahu, a. per- 
plexed; emban^assed ; awkward. 
He haka ano ta te ware, he 
porahu noa iho nga rin^a (146). 

Poranga, v. t. float. Ka ruku- 
hia, ka porangatia ki tahaki. 

Porangi, a. 1. hurried. He aha 
tau e porangi nei? 2. beside 
oneself; out of one\s mind. 

porangi, n. madman. Kei te po- 
rangi tia koe (122). you are 
losing your wits. 

Porara, a. having wide spaces or 
interstices. E porara ana a rare 
te kete, i komama ai. 

Porauraha, a. confused. 

Pore, y. i. start in sleep. 

popore, V. t. 1. desire; wish 
anxiously for. 2. shew favour 
to ; treat kindly. 

porepore, a. faijit with hunger. 
E porepore ana toku manawa. 

whakaporepore, v. t. propitiate; 
court the favour of by a gift &c. 

Porearea, a. 1. tiresome; impor- 
tunate. 2. afraid of being tire- 
some; modest. 

Poreke, a. broken ofl'. Poreke 
pu te rakau i waenganui. 

Porena, v. i. float, as oil on wa- 

Porera, n. mat to lie on (193). 

Poreterete, n. a kind of duck. 

Porewarewa, or porewharewha, 
a. 1. giddy; stupefied. 2. mad. 

Pori, n. 1. collops of fat. 2. tribe. 
Ko wai te ingoa o to koutou 
pori? Compare hapori. 

Poria, n. 1. ring on the leg of 
a captive bird, to prevent the 
string from cutting it. 2. a 
kind of ornament (153). 

poria, V. t. load with a weight. 
He mea poria ki te punga hei 
whakatoimaha (154). 

Porihawa, n. a bird. 

Poriro, n. bastard. 

Poro, 1. butt end; termination. 
2. block. Kei hea te poro ra- 

poro, V. i. be finished; come to 
an end. Taihoa, kia poro te 
kai ki te whenua. 

poronga, a. end. Ko te poronga 
tenei o tana korero. 

poporo, or poroporo, n. solanum 
aviculare and nigrum ; plants. 

Poroaki, 1. leave instructions at 
departing. Na Te Waikeri te 
poroaki kia hoatu he kapana 
mau. 2. take leave. 

Poroha, see porowha. 

Porohe, n. 1. a large mussel. (K.) 
2. young of the fish inohi. 

porohe, v. t. gather up in loops, 
as a cord &c. 

whakaporohe, v. t. knot toge- 

Porohiiri, v. t. upset; overturn. 
V. i. tumble one over another. 

Porokaki, n. back of the neck. 

Porokere, v. i. be broken off short. 

Porokl, V. i. give directions at 
the time of departure. Ka po- 
roki iho ia ki a maua kia haere 
atu koe apopo. 

Forongaua — poupou. 


Porongaua, n. throat of a fish. 
Pororarii, a. bewildered. 
Pororere, a. broAen right off. 
Porori, a. 1. slow; sluggish. He 

tangata porori ki te haere. 2. 

nnt bored (of the ears). 
porori, n. tattoo marks on the 

Pororotiia, a. numbed with cold. 
Pororua, n. sonrhus oleraceus ; 

pororua, v. t. tamper with, Kei 

pororuatia e Tamatekapua (71). 
Porotaitaka, a. 1. turned over 

and over. 2. confused. Ka po- 
rotaitaka nga whakaaro o NGa- 

P6r6tak&, a. round. 
Por6t&w&, n. a funguo growing 

on trees. 
Porotiti, n. 1. disc. 2. a toy. 
Porotiituki, v. i. come to an end. 

Ko te porotutukitanga mai tena 

te awa. 

PorowhS, a. foursided; stfuare. 
porowha, v. t range in square. 

1 porowhatia te haka ki te 
marae. v. i. fall fiat. Porowha 
tonu te rakau ki raro. 

P6r6whit&, n. circle; wheel. 
Porowhiu, V. t. throw. 
POrukii, V. t. double up. Poru- 

kuhia te kete. 
PQruru, a. close together; thick. 
POriitu, V. i. make a splashing 

with the hands in bathing. 
P6t&e, n. covering for the head ; 

hat; cap. 
potae, V. t. 1. put over one's head, 

80 as to cover or envelop it. 

2. slip on over the head, I po- 

taea te kaha ki te matenga o 

te kereni. 
POt&it&k&, a. 1 . turned round and 

rounds or over and over. 2. 

giddy ; confused. .'5. see mini:: to 

turn round. 
POt&k&, n. top to spin. He po- 

I taka whero rua; a top with two 

; potakataka, a. round. 

I Potangotango, a. very dark. E 

j noho mai na koe i roto i te 

' potangotango. 

; Potapota , a. broken to pieces. 
Potapota noa te waka i te tai. 
Potatii, and potatutatu. a. im- 
patient; distracted. E potatu 

! ana ki te haere. 

|P5ter8t8r§, a. dripping wet. E 

j poteretere ana oku kakahu. 
P5tet§, n. a stick used to liold 
a dog, one end being fastened 

i to the collar. Me te kuri e 

! raau nei i te potete. 
potete, a. curly. 

\ potete, V. t. speak frequently of 

I Potete tonu kia patua ahau. 

!P6ti, n. 1. angle; corner. He 

I poti na Uekahia, ma Rongo- 
takutaroa o kumanu, (of a small 

I quantity of kuniara in the corner 

I of a kete). 2. basket for cook- 

j ed food. 

\ potipoti, n. shrimp. 

\ PotT, n. cat. 
POtiki, n. youngest child. 

'P6t6, a. 1. short. 2. denoting 
the exhaustive character of an 
action &c., shewing that all the 
things spoken of have been dealt 
with. Kua poto nga mea o 
ninga o te kaipuke te mau mai. 
POtiiri, a. 1. deaf Poturi ana 
aku taringa. 2. stubborn. 

P6u, n. post; pole. 

pou, and poupou, v. t. 1. stick 
in; plunge in. Te tino rara- 
hutanga ki te hoe; to tino pou- 
nga ki te wai i poua ai (171). 
2. fasten to a stake &c. Poua 
to tatou waka. 3. elevate upon 
poles. Apopo ka pou i te kai 
nei , kia rokohanga mai kua 
noi ki runga (142). 
poupou, n. 1. peg; stake. 2. 
shrouds of a canoe mast. 


poupou— Pu. 

poupou, a. 1. steep; perpendicu- 
lar. Poupou tonu te pikitanga. 
2. on the meridian. Ka pou- 
pou te ra, ka whakatika mai 

Pou for pau. See pau. 

Poua, n. old person. Kite rawa 
au i a koe, kua pouatia koe. 

Pouaka, n. box. 

Pouakakiwa, n. chief place of 

Pouareherehe, a. old and wrinkled. 

Pouarii, n. iridower ; widow. 

Poue, n. a shell fish. 

Pounaho, a. long- and stiff'. 

Pouniii, n. south-wind. 

Pouraka, n. net attached to a 
hoop, used for catching cray- 

Pourewa, n. an elevated platform j 
attached to the stockade of a pa. 

Pouri, a. 1. dark. Kaore ano i 
marama noa; e pouri tonu ana 
(1). 2. sorrowful; sad; distress- 
ed. He pouri noua ki tona 
matua ka mate. 

pouriuri, a. darkish; gloomy. 

Pouriiru, a. darkish; gloomy, 

whakapoururu , v. i. look sor- 
rowful or gloomy. He aha koe 
ka whakapoururu ai ki te kai 

Poutangata, a. He toki pou- 
tangata, a greensto/ie adze, used 
as a weapon of war. 

I. Pouto, n. float. 

II. Pouto, y. t. cut off. Poutoa 
te kauru o te rakau. 

Pouttimaro, a. on the meridian. 

Poututerangi, n. the star whose 
appearance marks the tenth 
month: perhaps a Aquilae. 

Pouwheniia, n. a weapon like 
the taiaha. 

Powaiwai, v. t. 1. whirl or whisk 
about; move with a fanlike mo- 
tion 2. fan. 

Powhaitere, n. paroquet. 

Powharii, v. i. sink into a bog 

&c. Ka powharuwharu nga wae- 
wae ki te one. 

powharu, a. soft; boggy. 

Powhatii, n. stotie. 

Powhiri, v. t. 1. wave; whisk; 
whirl. Powhiriwhiria ta tatou 
rama kia ka ai. 2. beckon any 
one to come on ; welcome. E 
powhiri ana tera te tangata 
whenua, me te haere atu te 
manuhiri ra (166). 

powhiriwhiri, n. provision for a 

Powhiwlii, n. a creeping plant. 

I. Pu, n. 1 . tribe. Ko te pu te- 
nei Tipare. 2. bunch; bundle; 
anything growing in a bunch. 
Taua pu wiwi (13). 3. heap; 
stack. Te pu o te kupenga 
(79). 4. skilled person; wise 
one. Na koutou, na nga pu, 
na nga tohunga, na nga kau- 
papa (98). 

pu, a. niho pu, double tooth. 

pu, V. t. make into a bundle, or ball. 
Puia nga raupo mo te whare. 

pUpti, n. 1. bundle. Tikina nga 
pupu raupo. 2. a shell fish. 

pupil, Y. t. make into bundles. 

whakapu, v. t. and v. i. lay or 
lie in a heap. Hei hea a ta- 
tou kete whakapu ai ? 

whakapu, n. stack. He whaka- 
pu kupenga tera e tu mai ra. 

II. Pu, V. i. blow. Te hau e pu 
mai nei ki taku kiri (17). 

pupti, V. i. 1. bubble up; boil. 

Kahore ano i pupu noa te wai. 

2. rise, as a fog. 
pu, n. wind instrument as pu- 

torino, pu-tatara &c. Ko Euaeo, 

e whakatangi ana i ana pu (76). 
whakapu, v. i. howl as a dog. 

III. Pu, a. precise; very. Ko te 
kainga pu tenei. 

pu, ad. exceedingly ; exactly. Me 
te kawau pu te ahua. 

IV. Pu, a. loathing; hating. Ka 
whakatika ki te kai, ka pu te 

Pa — Puhara. 


ngakau. — Pu ana a roto, ke 
ana a waho : a proverb for dis- 
guised ill feeling. 
V. Pu, n. gun. 

I. Pua, n. flower; seed. 

pua, a. foaming; brtaking. He 
ngaru pua. 

II. Piia, V. roll or wrap up clo- 
thes &c. Puaia tou kakahu ka 
kauhoe ai ki tawahi. 

puapua, n. a garment wrapped 
round the arm as a protection 
from a blow. 

PtlShi, n. mouth of a river. Kei 
te puaha o Piako (144). 

puaha, a. leaving a clear passage. 
Ka puaha te tai nei: hoea ta- 
tou; when a wave has broken 
leaving an inten-al of smooth 

Ptlahi, n. white dogskin mat. 

Puaka, n. 1. dry twigs. 2. Jlo- 

Puakah&, a. open ; attentive. Kia 
puakaha mai ou taringa. 

Puaki, V. i. 1. come forth : shew 
itself. Ka puaki te upoko i 
roto i tona rua (98). 2. be ut- 
tered. 1 puaki i a wai te kupu 
panamoku? ^. be exhaled. Ka 
puaki te kakara o te tawhiri. 

whakapuaki, v. t utter i di.sclo.%e. 

Puano, n.; the effect 
of height on the nerves. 

Pa&nii, a. cool. Puanu ake ana 
te hau te pari nei. 

Puang&, n. the star Higel. 

Puangahdri, n. the star Procijon. 

PuangiSngi, a cool: refreshing. 

Pilao, V. i. dawn. Hei to puao- 
tangti tatou ka haero ai. 

PuarS, a. open. Kia puare te 

PuarSrS, n. decoy bird; of small 
birds only. 

Ptlaritarit&, a. hurried: in a hurry. 
Tenei te wahi i puaritarita ai. 

Ptl&t&&t&, a. 1. ///// of holes or 
spaces. 2. transparent ; clear. 

Puatawhiwhi, n. a climbing plant. 
Piiatea, n. gnaphalium, species. 

a plant. 
Pilau, n. ripple; rapid. Ko te 

whawhaitauga tuatalii, i te puau 

o WHangamarino, i te Kohc- 

Puawai, n. flower, 
Puawananga, n. clematis indi- 

I'isa, a plant 
Puawhe, v. i. be taken aback by 

the wind as a sail; be driven 

forcibly by the wind. Paia ako 

e ta! ka puawhe mai te awha 

ki roto nei. 
PflSa, V. i. rise to the surface, 

Ka puea mai te tohora. 
PaShu, n. i/ust. 
puehu, V. i. be in the form of 

dust. E puehu ana te nehu ki 
I runga ki te kai. 
! PQSku, a. unproiluctivc, as crops. 
Paeru, or puweru, n. shaggy 

mat, made of partially dressed 

I Ptl8t68t6, n. a bird which irc- 
I ijuents swamps. 
Puh&, n. 1. gills of a tish. 2. 
I song; chaunt. Katahi ano ka 

takitakina ona puha: — onapuha 

nei na, "Kia rerc atu te Ka- 

wana ki tawhiti." 
PiLh&, or puhapuha, a. full ; up 

to the brim. Puhapuha ana te 

wai, toka tonu i runga. 
Pah&eh&e, a. envious. 
Piihake, a. ///// to overflowing. 

Ka puhake rawa; rite tonu ki 

nga niao te wai. 
Pllh&n&, V. i. glow. Te puliana- 

tanga o te uira o te ahi o te 

Arawa (81). 
IPahanga, n. 1. a kind of eel. 
I 2. derivative from piiptlhi. See 
I under puhi. 
, PUhS-ngaiti, v. i. lie in a heap. 

See pihangaiti. 
Puhara, u. a kind of elevated 

plaifurm for warlike purposes. 


Ptihaureroa — pukauri. 

Puhaureroa, conch or horn, blown 
to give signals. 

Piihi, n. 1. betrothed woman. 2. 
much courted unhetrothed young 
woman. He puhi hoki a Hi- 
nemoa (131). 3. />not or bunch 
of hair ; a mode of wearing the 
hair tied up like a sheaf. 4. 
a kind of eel of very large 
size. 5. NGa puhi a Puarata. 

puhipuhi, V. t. ornament with 
bunches of feathers or hair, as 
the bow or stern of a canoe 
&c. Puhipuhi rawa te paua 
ki te waero (21). 

puhipuhi, a. tied up in a bunch; 
growing' in bunches. Ka puhi- 
puhi te tupu te kapana. 


pupiihi, i. V. t. 1. blow. 2. fire 
a gun. 3. shoot with a gun. 
ii. Y.n. swell. 

puhipuhi, V. t. blow frequently. 
puhipuhi paipa, smoke a pipe. 

Ptihihi, n. seed potatoes which 
throw up a weak shoot. 

puhihihihi, a. stiff, of the hair. 
Ho puhihihihi no te upoko. 

Puhikorokoro, n. lamprey, of a 
large kind. 

Ptihoi, a. 1. slow; dull. He waka 
puhoi. 2. deaf 

Puhonga, a. stinking; offensive. 

Piihore, a. 1. unsuccessful in fish- 
ing &c. 2. scarce. Te mara 
tautane, he mara ki nga atua 
whakapuhore kai. 

Ptihoro, n. 1. tattoo marks on the 
thigh. 2. bad weather. 

Piihoru, a. that will not open. 
He pipi puhoru. 

whakapuhoru, v. i. leap out of 
the water. E whakapuhoru ana 
te kanae. 

Ptihou, n. coriaria ruscifolia, a 
shrub; the same as tutu. 

Ptihua, V. t. glean potatoes or 
kumara, after the crop has been 
taken up. 

Ptihuki, a. blunt; dull. Ka pu- 
huki taku toki. 

Puia, n. 1. volcano. 2. bush. 

puia, a. smarting. Ka puia aku 
kanohi i te au. 

Piiiaki, a. rare; precious. Ho 
kakano puipuiaki. 

puiaki, n. treasure. Kei ngaro 
ko oku kanohi, kei waiho ko 
te whenua hei puiaki mo nga 
mea i muri i a au. 

Ptiihiihi, n. strings of a mat. 

Piika, n. muhlenbeckia adpressa ; 
a shrub. 2. cabbage. 3. spade. 

pukapuka, n. 1. br achy glottis 
repanda, a shrub. 2. lujigs. 3. 
paper; letter; book. 

II. Puka, V. i. 1. be jealous. 2. 
pant. Ka puka taku manawa 
i te manga. 

Pukaea, n. a wind instrument 
made of totara and used to sound 
an alarm in time of war. 

Pukaha, n. 1. refuse portion of 
flax leaf 2. a garment made 
of the same. 

Pukahii, a. abundant. 

pukahu, n. spongy matter enve- 
loping the seeds of pumpkins. 

Ptikai, i. v. i. lie in a heap. Ka 
rukca nga tupapaku hi waho 
pukai ai (153). ii. v. t. lay 
in a heap. Pukairia nga one- 
one ki waenganui. 

Ptikaka, a. hot. 

Pukaka, n. long bones of the 
arm or leg. 

Ptikaki, n. scrofulous swelling in 
the neck. 

Pukana, v. i. distort the eyes; 
stare wildly. 

Ptikatakata, a. dry; crisp. 

Pukatea, n. atherosperma Novce 
Zelandi(e, a tree. 

Pukauri, a. 1. barren. 2. burn- 
ing fiercely. E kore e ngaro ; 
ka pukauri tonu te ka, he whare 

pukauri, n. a kind of shell fish. 

Fakawa- whakapupuni. 


Pukawa, a. bitter; unpalatenble. 

Pukawa rawa atu tena mea ki 

roto ki toku waha. 
Piike, n. 1. hill. 2. pubes. 
puke, V. i. nsej as a flood. Ka 

puke t^ wai o Waipaoa. — Ka 

pukea te wai akuanei. 
pukepuke, a. hilly. 
whakapuke, v. i. begin to rise 

(of resentment &c.). 
pukgng&j n. 1. 50//ree of a river. 

2. Ifiicher; model. Ko wai ton 
pukenga, nana koe i ako? 

Pukei, for pukai. 8ee pukai. 

PtlkSko, u. 1. porphyrio melnno- 
titSf or water hen. 2. wounded 
man. 3. old fmii c\'i thn pre- 
vious year. 

Piik3pdtd, 11. a KiiKi ui (iurk 
earth, used as a pigment. 

Pak§ri, V. i. rush along violently 
as a flood or wind. 

Pukoru, V. t. I)linr. Pukenia te 

Pakiki, a. stunted. 

Pukohu, n. fog. 

Pukoki, n. .self-.sown potato. 

Pak6r6, n. 1. sheath; case. 2. 
halo. 3. net for catching eels, 
in shape like a long hag. 4. 
a kind of mat made of closely 
woven flax, with a narrow or- 
namental border. 

pukoro, v. t. surround with a halo 
Ka pukoroa te marama. 

Ptlk6r6r6a, n. a large basket. 

Pukoru, n. fold of a garment. 

pakorukoru, v. t. gather up in 

pukorukoru, n. rotten wood. 

Puku, n. 1. swelling. 2. stomach. 

3. abdomen. 4, passions; af- 

puku, V. i. swell. Ka puku toku 

pukupuku, u. closely woven mat, 
which being wetted is imper- 
vious to a spear. Pukupuku- 

patea; pukupuhi with an orna- 
mental border. 

Piiku, ad. 1, seci^etly ; without 
speaking. I oma puku ia. 2. 
without food. Kei te noho puku 

Fiikupa, a. without offspring; 

Fukiipango, n. potato blackened 
by exposure. 

Piikurau, n. ileodictyon cibarium, 
a kind of fungus. 

Pukuriri, a. angry ; quarrelsome. 

Piikuw&i, a. watery; sodden. He 
pukuwai te wahie noi. 

Piiinahu, a. steamy ; reeking. Ka 
pumahu te whenua i to ra, 
meake tupu te kai. 

PfUn&u, a. fixed; consla/il : per- 
manent. Ka puraau tona noho 
ki Hauraki. 

Pllmuk&, V. t. thrust at ; stab. 

Pun&, n. spring of water. 

Piin&i6rd, n. a plant. 

Ptin&kd, n. fore end of the boi/y 
of a canocy to which the tau- 
ihu or bow is spliced. 

Pun&riia, a. 1. in pairs. He 
wheki punarua, squid caught 
in pairs; an ill omen. 2. hav- 
ing two wives. He tangata pu- 

Ptm&un&u, p. satiated. 

punaunau, n. selfsown potato. 

PtLn^hun^hu, a. 1. dusty. 2. in 
small particles like dust. He 
na punehunehu; tnisty rain. 

punenehu, n. dust, 

Piini, a. 1. stopped up. He awa 
puni te Wairoa. 2. covered; 
filled up. Kia rua auau ka 
puni te mara. 

puni, n. 1. place of encampment. 
Ko te puni teuei o to taua. 
2. company of persons. Ka toru 
puni haere ana. 3. a kind 
of karakia. 

whakapupuni, v. i. sit close; hide 


Puniia — puremu. 

oneself. Ka whakapupuni mai 
i roto i nga pureirei. 

Puniia, n. young of animals. 

Ptinui, a. close together. Kia 
punui tahi tatou te haere. 

Ptinuki, a. bli/nt. 

Piinga, n. 1. anchor. 2. basket 
for catching- eels. 3. odd num- 
ber. E rua tekau nga tangata, 
kotahi punga. 

punga, V. t. 1. Jioi' with an an- 
chor. Hei waho punga ai o 
waka (92). 2. sink-, engulph. 

pungapunga, n. 1 . pumice stone. 
2. a kind of potato. 3. pollen 
of the Jlowers of raupo; or cake 
made of the same. 4. yellow 

Piingarehu, n. ashes. 

Pungata, a. di^. Ka pungata te 
toetoe te whare. 

Ptingawerewere, n. spider. 

Pungenengene, a. mnfjled up. 

whakapungenengene, v. t. co- 
ver up with clothes. 

Ptingoriingoru, a. light or loose 
as earth &c. 

pungorungoru, n. sponge. 

Piipa, V. i. eructate. 

Pupahi, n. encampment. 

Pupu. see under pu. 

Pupuhi, see under puhi. 

Ptipurangi, n. a shell fish. 

Pupuri, see under puri. 

Pupuru, see under puru. 

Puputa, n. blister on the skin, 
from chafing. 

Puputu, see under putu. 

Piira, n any small foreign sub- 
stance in the eye. 

pura, a. troubled by the intru- 
sion of some foreign matter; 
blind. Ka pura oku kanohi. 

purapura, n. seed. 

Purahoriia, n. messenger. 

Parakau, n, 1. old man. 2. an- 
cient legend ; ^ myth. 

purakau, a. niho purakau, double 

Puranga, n. heap. 

puranga, v. t. heap up. E pu- 
ranga ana ia i nga kowhatu ki 
te marae. v. i. lie in a heap. 

Ptirara, a. having interstices; 

Piirata, a. turbid. 

Ptiratoke, n. 1. glow-worm. 2. 
phosphorescent animolculce in the 
sea. 3. anything glistening in 
the dark. 

Ptirau, n. fork. 

puraurau, a. 1 . covered with sharp 
points; bristling. I roto i te 
kowhatu e noho puaaurau ana. 
2. bitter; offensive (of feelings, 
or speech). 

I. Piire, n. a ceremony for re- 
moving the 'tapu' from houses, 
canoes, persons &c. 
j pure, V. t. set free from ^tapu\ 
I II Pure, V. t. arrange in tufts or 
patches. Ka purea nga huru- 
huru ki nga taha o te ihupuni. 

purepure, a. in patches or tufts. 

Purehe, a. wrinkled. 

Purehiia, n. moth. 

purehua, v. i. emit gas. Ka pu- 
rehua te kapura. 

Ptirehiirehu, n. tnoth. 

Purei, and pureirei, n. 1. iso- 
lated tufts of grass ; bushes or 
shrubs in a swamp &c. 2. sun- 
ken rock. Kei eke tatou ki 
runga ki te purei ra. 3. small 
patch of garden. He pureirei 
nga ngakinga o taua kaainga. 

Pureke, n. 1. fleshy side of the 
flax leaf. 2. garment made from 
the same. 

purekereke, n. puff of wind. 

Ptirekireki, n. tufts of grass in 
j a swamp. He repo pai, he pu- 
! rekireki. 
. Pureku, n. cooking shed. 

Ptiremu, n. 1. lower hem of a 
garment. 2. adultery. 

puremu, v. i. commit adultery. 

Ptir§na — Pntere. 


Ptirena, v. i, run over. Purena 
ana te wai o te kaho. 

POrengi, n. simj of a mas I. 

Parero, t. i. project; be promi- 

Purewha, n. a black mussel. 


pupuri, V. t. 1 hold in the hand. 
Puritia te rakau nei. 2. de- 
tain. Kahore matou i puritia 
ki te kainga. 

piiripuri, v. t suppres.^ anger &c. 
Te puri puri te tangata nei te 
aha. ! 

puritanga, n. handle. I 

POriri, n. vitex littoraiisy a tree. 

Ptlr6r6hti, a. accompanied with a \ 
whizz in f^ or whistling , 
Piirorohu ana te hau nei. I 

Plir6t6, a. having no current:] 
stilt. Kahore e kaha te rerc 
o te awa; puroto noa iho ana. 

Pur6tu, a. 1 . clear ; transparent. \ 
He wai purotu. 2. pleasant; 
agreeable. Purotu noa iho te 

POrSu, u. fork. 

purou, V. t catch on a fork. He 
mea purou nga tuna a Tiraro. 

piirourou, n. a bird; the same 
as tieke. 

L. Purii, n. plag; cork; bung. 

puru, V. t. 1. plug up; staff up. 
Puma te puta o te waka ki 
te kakahu. 2. confine by means 

pupuru, a. pulpy; semi-liquid. 

Kia pupuru te kohari kao. 
pupuru, for pupuri. See under 

purupuru, v. t 1. slop the chinks 

of anything. Purupurua te whati- 

toka me te matapihi (47). 2. 

suppress. Kaua e purupunia a 

koutou korero. 
puioipiiru, n. chtsel. 
whakapuru, n. pad to prevent 

chating. WHakapuru tao, pad \ 

worn on the arm as a pro- 
tection against a spear thrust. 

whakapuru, v. t. protect with a 

piiriitanga, for puritanga. See 
under puri. 

II. Piiru, a. fusty ; mouldy. 

I. Ptlriia, v. t. do a second time. 

II. Puriia, ad. by two and two. 
Ka haere purua nga tangata. 

Puriihekaheka, a. mouldy. 

Piiruhi, n. Jlea. 

PuBUMA, n. broom. 

PURUMA, V. t. sweep. 

Pllrurii, a. 1. shady; thick with 
leaves &c. He rakau pururu. 
2. close together. Pururu tonu 
to ratou noho. 

Put&, n. I. hole. Kei hca te 
puta to peeke? 2. battlefield 
in which people have fallen. To 
puta tuatalii i hi nga ai maua, 
kei Papara-tu. 

puta, V. i. 1. pass through, in or 
out. Ko tona ara tenei e puta 
ake ai (54). — Ke puta te kiore 
ki roto. 2. come in sight. Ka 
puta te waka i Tuamotu. 

piit&-kS, be changed. 

ptlpiit&, n. blister caused by chaf- 

putaputa, a. ///// of holes. 

whakaputa, v. i. boast. K-.i Vino 
to mahi whakaput€L 

Ptlt&hi, V. i. Join; meet. Ku lo 
putahitanga tenei o nga ara. 

Patak3, n. 1. base; root. 2. rea- 
son; cause. 

Pat&ngit&ngi , putangitangi- 
St&m&, or putangitangiatoa, 
n. paradise duck. 

Put&put&wStfi. n. a tree. 

Pat&r&, or p11tat&r&, n. a shell 
used like a horn for signals. 

Ptttawa, n. 1. a fungus. 2. a 
large potato. 

Puts, or ptLtSa, n. bag or basket 
for clothes. 

PtltSr§, V. i. go in a body. 


putere — rahinga. 

putere, n. stranger. 

Ptitiki, V. t. 1. tie together; knot 
together. 2. get together, as 
an army. Tahi tonu to maua 

putiki, n. 1. knot. 2. a method 
of dressing the hair, adopted 
by chiefs. 

Ptitoa, n. a plant. 

Ptitoitoi, V. t. tie in bunches. 

Ptitokitoki, a. stunted; shrivell- 
ed. He kino no te whenua i 
putokitoki ai nga pakawha. 

Putongamarangai, n. south east 

Putorino, n. a kind of flute. 

Ptitorore, n. Jet of gas from burn- 
ing wood. 

Putoti, a. stunted. 

Ptitoto, a. bloody; raw. Putoto 
tonu te pokaka nei. 

Putii, V. i. lie in a heap ; lie one 
upon another. Pono rawa mai, 
e putu ana i roto i te hangi 

putu, n. heap. 

puputii, and piituputu, a. 1. close 
together. Kia puputu nga pou- 
aka, kia o ai. 2. frequent; at 
short intervals. I te hoki pu- 
tuputu tonu te tira o tetahi 
whaitua, o tetahi whaitua (160), 
! whakaputu, v. t. lay in a heap. 
jPtiwaha, n. mouth of a river. 
! Also written puaha, 
I Ptiwatawata, a. full of intersti- 
ces or open spaces. 
I Ptiwera, a. warfn. 
i Piiwerewere, n. .spider. 
jPuwerii, n. shaggy mat made of 

partially dressed flax. 
\ Ptiweto, n. a bird. 
Ptiwha, n. sowthistle, or any ve- 
getable used as greens. 
Puwha, V. t. spit out. Ka pu- 

whaia nga kai ki waho. 
Puwhara. n. astelia Banks ii; a 

puwharawhara, a. deaf. 
Puwheniia, n. stay of a mast. 


Ra, n. 1. sun. 2. day. 3. sail. 

Ra, prep, by waij of; by. Ka te 
taha te ngahere tou ara. Ra 
runga i; by the top of; over. 
Kai-ra-runga ; eat food which 
has been passed over anything 

Ra, ad. 1. there; yondei\ 'Kei 
whea a WHakataur' Ra, e 
whakaangi mai ra i tana manu 
i runga i te taumata ra (59). 
2. simply denoting that the thing 
spoken of is not near, or is 
unconnected with the speaker 
or the person spoken to. Te 
patu e haua mai ra ki a ia 

rara, ad. there. 

Rae, n. 1. promontory ; headland. 
2. forehead. 

I whakarae, v. i. lie exposed; stick 
out. AVHakarae ana nga ku- 
mara ki runga. 

whakarae, a 1. green; not dry. 
He rakau whakarae. 2. rau); 
not cooked. He kai whakarae 
i tapaea mai nei ki a matou. 

Raha, a. open; extended. 

I. Rahi, n. servant; dependant. 

II. Rahi, a. 1. great (physically 
or morally). Te rahi o tenei 
whare. Plural rarahi. 2. plen- 
tiful. Kia rahi mai he kai. 
3. sometimes used in a pecu- 
liar construction for other. No 
rahi o whenua ona raruraru; 
the troubles of other lands be- 
long to themselves. 

rahinga, n. 1. largeness; abun- 
dance. 2. company; party. Ko 

rahirahi — Ranei. 


tetelii rahiuga i te motu i Mo- 

koia e iioho ana (80). 
rahirahi, a. thin: not thick. He 

papa rahirahi. 
rahirahinga, u. temp/e of the 

Rahiri, n. rope. 
rahiri , v. t. receive cordially ; 

welcome. He mea rahiri ma- 

rire koe na nga tangata o He- 

I. Raho, 11. testicle. 
I[. Raho, or rahoraho, n. plat- 
form ; Jtoor. Tc raho o te waka. 
raho, V. t. cover with a Jloor or 

platform of wood, Ka rahoa 

tera repo ki tc rakau. 
Rahu, 11. basket made of flax 

rahurahii, or rSr&hu, u. pteris 

tnjiiilina or common fern. 
rahurahu, v. t. handle; pull about. 

He aha tau e rahurahu ki taku 

rar&hu, v. t. seize; lay hold of. 

Te tino rarahutanga ki te hoe 

(171'^. Hooti, rahunga atu, kci 
chara, to kau ana 
uva anake 1^171). 
Rahua, v. i. be foiled; be utisuc- 


I. Rahui, n. a mark tp warn 
people against trespassing, used 
in the case of *tapu', or for 
temporary protection of fruit, 
birds or fish 

rahui, v. t. protect by a rahui. 

II. Rfihiii, n. Jlock; herd. Na 
wii te rahui poaka nei ? 

Raihi, n. small enclosure: pigsty. 

ItAiiii, n. rice. 

Uaia, ad. or conj. 1. why. Ka 

pakoru raia te waka nei. 2. 


I. RainS,, ad. there; yonder. 

II. Rain&, conj. whether: or. K'o 
tcnei ruina, ko tcra ruiua. 

lUiosA, Q. lion. 

; 1. Raka, ad. a lengthened form 
i of ra; there. See ra. 
i II. Raka, v. i. I. be entangled. 
Ka raka oku waewae, ka hiiiga 
au. 2. aching from weariness, 
raraka, v. t. entangle. 
I III. Raka. 

irakaraka, v. t. scratch; scrape. 
rakaraka, n. an implement to 

scratch with; rake; harrow. 
Rakapikipiki, v. i. lie across one 

; Bakau, u. 1 . tree ; spar. 2. stick ; 

ircapon. 3. wood: timber. 
Rakaunui, n. the mnnn at 16 
1 days old. 

I BSk&umatohi, n. the moon at 
I 17 days old. 
1 1. B&ki, n. north. No hea koia 

koe: no te rakir (17) 
raki, a. dry ; dried up. Kua raki 

ana kai i to ra. 
II. R&ki, n. green leaves &c. on 
which the food is laid in a na- 
tive oven. 
B&k6. n. albino. 
R&ku, rS.rakii, rakuraku, v. t. 

scratch ; scrape. 
rakuraku, n, implement to scratch 

with; rake; harrow. 
BSmS, pron. they. 
B&m&, n. 1. torch. 2. razor. 
rama, v. t. catch by torch light. 
; Ka riro a Hinaki ma koi tc 

rama tuna. 
; ramarama, n. myrtus but lata, a 

B&mi, V. t. squeeze. Me kowha 

te pipi ka rami ai ki te wai. 
R&nSa, a. abundant : in full sup- 
ply. Ka nui te ranea o te kai. 
BSnSi, conj. whether; or. con- 
necting alternatives. Ko nga 
tangata e haere ana ki Taupo, 
ki nga maunga ranei. The se- 
cond alternative is often left 
to be understood. Me tuku 
atu ranei te tangata nei kia 
hacro r 



Ranii — raparapa. 

Ranii, v. t. mix. He mea ranu 

te kai nei ki te hinu. 
whakaraiiu, v. t. mix. 
Raniiawatea, n. a plant. 
Hanga, n. 1. company of persons. 

2. shoal of Jis/i. 
ranga, v. t. 1. pull up by the 

roots. Kangaa mai he taiawa. 

2. raise; cast up. A, ka tupu, 

ka rangaa te one, ko te Ahu- 

roa (114). 3. set in motion an 

army &c.; urge forwards. Ka 

rangaa tana taua hei tukituki 

i te pa tuna. 
rangaranga, or raranga, v. i. 

blow gently. Te hau e ata rai*a- 

nga mai nei. — x\ta rangaranga 

ana te ta. 
raranga, v. t. weave. Ka rangaa 

he kete (7). 
whakarangaranga, v. t. extol. 

E whakarangaranga ana i a ia 

te koroke nei. 
Rangahau, v. t. carry on a loop 

of flax^ 

I. Rangai, n. 1. herd; Jlock. 
Taku rangai parera, e torn te- 
kau. 2. company. He rangai 
tangata e haere mai nei 

II. Rangai, v. i. be raised in a 
menacing attitude. Ka rangai 
nga peke o te tangata ra, akua- 
nei ka wero. 

Rangapti, n. company. Katahi 
ka kitea atu te rangapu tangata 
nei, e taka ana mai i raro i 
nga rakau (16). 

Rangatahi, v. i. be quick; move 
quickly. Eangatahi ton waewae. 

Rangatira, n. 1. chief male or 
female. Kahore he rangatira o 
tenei whenua, ko toku matua 
anake (195). 2. master or mi- 
stress. Ko te ingoa o toku 
rangatira, ko te Kahureremoa 

rangatira, a. in a state of peace. 
He tohu whenua rangatira te 

Rangi, n. 1. sky. 2. region above 
the clouds; heaven. Kei hea 
to kotiro? E! kei te rangi (49). 
3. weather. Na te rangi kino 
i kore ai matou e haere. 4. 
day. Tupato ana nga tuakana, 
whanga ana i tetehi rangi (95). 
5. division oy portion of a song. 
Rangi rua te haka nei. 6. air ; 
tune. 7. tenour or drift of a 
speech &c. 

rangirangi, v. t. 1. annoy; vex. 

2. roast; scorch. 
rangirangi, n. song to keep time 

in pulling. 

Rangimarie, a. quiet; peaceful. 

Rangiora, n. brachyglottis re- 
panda ; a shrub. 

Rangipariilii, n. person fully tat- 

Rangiroro, n. giddiness. Ka taka 
te rangiroro i toku matenga. 

Rangitapii, n. scaffolding for rais- 
ing a ridgepole. 

Rangitoto, n" black lava ; scoria. 

Rango, n. 1. roller upon which 
a heavy body is dragged. 2. 
lajid overgrown with fern or 
scrub. 3. fly. 

Rangona, passive of rongo. See 

Raoa, V. i. be choked. He paku 
te ika i raoa ai a Tamarereti. 

Raorao, n. level or undulating 

I. Rapa, n. 1. stern post of a 
canoe. 2. flat part of a spade. 

3. rapa maori, familiar spirit. 
rapa, a. I. having the toes united 

by a membrane; webbed. He 
waewae rapa to te parera. 2. 
entwined. Rapa tonu te taura 
ki te rakau. 
raparapa, n. fiat part of the foot, 
between the instep and the toes. 
Kei toku raparapa toku mate, 
mamae katoa toku tinaua. ra- 
parapa-ruru, a variety of po- 

rarapa — Barii. 


rarapa, y. i. Jlash forth, rarapa 
he uira, 

whakarap£^ n. fsh basket. 

II. Rapa, for rapu, v. t seek; 
lunk for. 

Hapaki, n. girdle; apron. 

rapaki, y. i. be girt up. Rapaki 
rawa nga kakahu o Kapenga. 

Rape, n. 1 . tattooing on the breech. 
2. a variety of potato. 

BapSa, ad. intensive, indeed. 

Rapi, rarapi, v. t. clutch ; scratch. 
E rapiliia ana tou ringa e te 

Rapoi, n. swarm ; cluster, Nao- 
manga iho a Rua ki te rapoi 
kutu nei (77). 

rapoi, V. i. hang together in a 
cluster. Te ngaro e rapoi mai 
ra. V. t. gather together. Ra- 
poia mai nga otaota. 

Rapopotd, V. i. be assembled. 

Rapu, V. t. 1. seek; took for. Roa 
noa aa e rapu ana i taku to- 
ki ; kaore i kitea. 2. apply to 
any one for advice. Na konei 
matou i rapu ai ki a koc. 3. 

rapurapu, v. i. be in doubt, Kei 
nij)urapu o koutou whakaaro. 

Rapiipuku, v. i. bud ; put forth 

Rara, n. twig ; small branch. 

B&ra, n. I. rib. 2. stage on which 
kumara are dried. 3. shoal of 

rara, v. i. 1. be spread out on a 
sta^re. Ka rara nga tuna ki 
runga ki te ahi. 2. go in shoals. 
Ka rara nga ika ki runga i te 
kaliarunga. 3. broach to; be 
thrown on the broadside. Ka 
rara te poti, ka tahuri. 

Rara, v. i. make a continued sound. 
Ka rara nga waewae i te ema- 
il j;a. roar. I rangona ki te 
waha e rara iho ana i te tau- 
wharenga kowhatu o Moerangi 

Rara, ad. there. See ra. 
Rarahu, see under rahu. 
Raranga, see under ranga. 
Rarangi, n. row; rank. 
Rarapa, see under rapa. 
Rarapi, see under rapi. 
Rarata, see under rata. 
Rarau, see under rau. 
Rarauhe, n. pteris aquilina ; com- 
mon fern. 
Rarawe, see under rawe. 

I. Rare, a. dull; stupid. He rare 

II. Rar§, V. i. lie. Kei te rare 
tou nga rongoa. v. t. curry. 
Maku e rare tou kakahu. 

Rari, n. a fish. 

Rari, a. wet. Ka rari toku ka- 

R&ri, V. i. make an uproar. Ka 
rari tera te tamariki. 

R&r5, n. 1. the bottom; the un- 
der side. Like names of pla- 
ces, it is preceded hy a when 
it is the subject in a sentence, 
or when repeated by way of 
explanation. With a preposi- 
tion it is often equivalent to 
an adverb, and may be render- 
ed, down; down below. Ko te 
pueru i waiho i rare takoto ai 
(137). When preceded and fol- 
lowed by a preposition, it forms 
a complex preposition signify- 
ing, beneath ; under &c. Kua 
nekehia atu ki mro i nga poke 
tetahi o nga taura, kua mau 
(159). — Ka haere nei to tatou 
matua, ka haere hoki tatou i 
raro i ona waewae. i.e. in his 
train. 2. the north. E ahu 
ana nga waka ra ki raro. 3. 
for ra or rangi ; day. Mo era 
nga raro ena korero ; tenei, mo 
tenei rangi. 

R&rii, and raruraru, v. i. \.be in 
dijficulty ; be perplexed. Ileoti 
ano, he raru to Manaia, heoti 


whakararu — Baurarahi. 

auo ka maiki ia i tera wahi 
(122). 2. be hindered; be en- 

whakararu, n. hindrance: en- 

Rariia, v. i. be misled: be dis- 

Hata, n. metrosideros ?obusta ; a 

Bata, a. 1. tame; quiet. He ka- 
rarehe rarata anake. 2. fami- 
liar : friendly. Kaore te ta- 
maiti na i rata mai ki a au. 

ratarata, a. 1. clear: not muddy. 
Kei te ratarata raiiei te puua? 
2. red-hot. Ka ratarata nga 
powhatu te umu. 3. sharp; 
cutting. Ratarata aua tera te 
mata o te toki nei. 

Batau, pron. for ratou, they, 

Bato, V. 1. be all served or pro- 
vided. Ka rato nga tangata i 
te utu. 

whakarato, v. t. serve all round. 
WHakaratoa nga tamariki ki 
te kai. 

Baton, pron. they; them. 

I. Bau, n. 1. leaf. 2. blade. 

II. Bau, a. hundred. Takoto ana 
te ran ma whitii i roto i te 
hangi (90). Sometimes used to 
signify other. Kua ata whaka- 
ritea e raua i ran rangi ra (13 1). 
— Kei rail o whenua e haere 

whakarau, v. t. multiply. Tenei 
te he, kei nga tangata ora, 
nana i whakarau te korero 

m. Bau, V. t. 1, catch in a net. 
Kua riro a Koro ki te rau 
inanga. 2. gather into a bas- 
ket. Raua nga mea na ki te 

rarau, y. t. lay hold of; handle. 
Kahore e rarau o riugaringa 
ki ro oneone. 

rarau, a. in captivity. Kei te 
noho rarau raua e noho nei. 

i whakarau, v. t. 1. take captive. 

I 2. lead au)ay. Ka whakaraua 
ki te tuaahu (85). 

I WHakarau-ora, take alire; save 

I a captive alive. 

I whakarau, u. captive. 

! Baua, pron. they two. Used re- 

! dundantlj^ in speaking of two 

': ]3ersons together. Ka mate a 

I Hou raua ko WHakaturia (67). 

j Also in addressing two persons 

I together : E Tama raua ko Maka ! 

Bauaka, u. bed or land in a cul- 

Bauariihe, n. fronds of pteris 
aquilina. Para rauaruhe ; brown 
growth of kumara leaves. 

Bauawa, n. attached sides of a 
canoe. To kau ana ko nga 
rauawa anake (171). 

Bauhanga, a. deceitful. 

Bauhi, V. t. place together; col- 

Baukai, n leaves of which bas- 
kets are made for cooked food. 

Baukawa, n. an odoriferous plant 
used as a scent. 

Baukeke, v. t. pull about reck- 
lessly. Raukeke noa te tamaiti 
nei ; e kore e takoto to mea. 

Baukumara, n. a species of *<?- 
necio ; a plant. 

Baukura, n. \. feather. 2. a fish. 

Baumarie, n. a fish. 

Baumati, n. summer. 

Bauniinui, a. broad. Kia pehea 
te raununui o nga pour 

Baupa, a. chapped; cracked (of 
the skin). Ka mate oku wae- 
wae i te raupa. 

Raupani, n. frying pan. 

Baupeti, n. solanum, a plant. 

Baupi, V. t. cover up ; cherish 
tenderly: take care of Ka rau- 
pitia te roi ki te rau rakau. 

Baupo, n. typlia angustifolia ; 
bulrush, used for building. 

Baurakau, n. see raurekau. 

Baurarahi, a. broad. 


Rauroka — rehurehu. 


Baureka, a. deceitful. 

Baurekau, n. a species of co- 
prasma : a shrub. 

Rauroha, v. t. spread about, Rau- 
rohatia nga witi. 

Rauroroa, n. a coarse kiud of 

Rauru, n. a flat method of platt- 
ing with 7 strands. 

R^ut&o, V. t. envelop with leaves 
in a native oven. Ka rautao- 
iigia ki te koromiko (36). 

Rauwiri, v. t. interlace with twigs. 
Me rauwiri te taiepa nei ki te 
manuka, v. i. he cast on shore. 
Ka rauwiri to matou kaipuke 
ki uta. 

r&uwiri, n. fence interlaced with 

I. RawS., n. 1. goods; property, 
Kahore aku rawa. 2. ground ; 
muse. Te ai he rawa i patua 
ui te tangata nei. 

rawa, a. numerous. K riiwii aim 

nga tangata. 
whakarawa, v. t. fasten with a 

lairh or hnlt. WHakarawatia 

te tatau. 
whakarawa, n. latch; bolt, 

II. R&W&, ad. 1. quite; very; at 
all. Mate rawa te tamaiti nei. 
— £ kore rawa ahau e haere. 
2. really; indeed. He mahi 
rawa tena? 

RSwfihi, n. the other sidCf of a 
river &c. Kci rawahi te ope. 
2. either side. E tu koc ki 
tenei rawahi (1K>> 


Whakarawai, v. t. s/irrr ul ; dis- 
parage. K whakarawaitia ana 
te kakahu. 

R&w&k&, a. abundant; sufficient. 
K koro e rawaka nga kai. 

R&W&kdrS, a. wit /ami property ; 

Raw&ra, n. a ii>li. 
I. Rawo, a. 1. close. Kia rawe 

to pa i te tatau. 2. suitable; 

becoming. Ka rawo tou kakahu. 
3. excellent. Mahue rawa tau 
mea te rawo I 4. suited; fur- 
nished. Ka rawe koe i te hu. 

rSrawe. a. 1. easy; attainable. 

i E kore e rarawe tenei i a au. 
2. abundant. Kei te rarawo 
nga kai o te rua. 

rawe, v. t. take up; snatch. I 
rawea e ia te pueru hoi kaka 

whakarawe, v. t. close: fasten 
up. WHakarawca nga kete ku- 

II. R&w§, a. interrogative, how 
many. E rawe aur 

Baweke, v. t. manipulate; dress 
food &c. 

raweke, a. meddlesome. 

R&whi, rarawhi, v. t. 1. grasp; 
I .seize. Ka rawhia reretia te 
karukani puru o tona wharo 
hei paki putanga mona (13). 
2. hold firmly. Tera te paki- 
aka te koareare te rarawhi ra. 
i rawhi , n. basket. Koiroia te 

BSwhiti, n. east. 

BSa, V. i. spring up: grow. Kua 
rea nga riwai. 

BShd, a. wrinkled. Ka rehc te 

rehe, ad. intensive, attached to 
adjectives. Parau rehe. Kuware 

BdhSa, v. i. be balked; be baffl- 
ed. Katahi nei pea au ka re- 
hoa (15). 

BSh6, a. bad. Ka haere ki te 

rehoreho, n. a shell iish. 

I. RShii, n. fufe. 

II. Rehii, v. t. chip; split off in 
chips. E rangi te kowhutu; ka 
rclma, ka ngawhara. — Kehu ahi, 
strike fire. 

rehurehu, v. i. be gone down as 
the sun. Ka rehurehu te ra; 
e kore tatou e tae. 


whakareliu — Rere. 

whakarehu, v. t. 1. give a relish 
to anything. He nui te kai 
maori, ko te mea hei whaka- 
rehu e iti ana. 2. cause to 
decline. E to e te ra ki whaka- 
rehua iho. 

Rei, n. 1. breast. 2. tusk or large 
tooth. 3. anything made of ivory. 
4. anything of great value; je- 

whakarei, n. 1. carved work at 
the head and stern of a canoe. 

2. canoe with elaborately carv- 
ed ,figure head, bust and arms. 

Reia, see under rere. 

Reinga, n. derivative from rere. 
1. leap. 2. place of departed 

Reipiita, n. boar ivith tusks. 

Reira, n. that place, time or cir- 
cumstance, already mentioned. 
Ko ^Gatoro i haere ki nga 
raorao, ki te takahi waipuna 
i reira (78j. Na reira; there- 
fore (past). — Ma reira; there- 
fore (future). 

Reka, a. 1. sweet; palatable. Me 
i paka te kai nei, ka reka. 2. 
pleasant; agreeable, Reka tonu 
nga korero. 

rekareka, a. 1. pleasant. 2. tickl- 
ing ; itching. 3. delighted. 

Reke, n. 1. a mode of dressing 
the hair in a knot. 2. thrust 
with a stick. 

rekereke, n. heel. 

Reko, n. white dogskin mat. 

Remii, n. 1. posteriors. 2. lower 
end of anything. Ko nga remu 
nga riwai hei kai ma matou. 

3. lower hem of a garment. 
Remuroa, n. a plant. 

Rena, v. t. stretc/t out. Renaa 

te kakahu. 
renarena, a. full. Ka renarena 

te tai. // is high vjater. 
Renga, n. good fern-root. Ko- 

tahi kete renga, kotahi kete 


rengarenga, n. 1. arthropodium 
cirrhatum, a plant. 2. tetra- 
gonia expansa or New Zealand 

Reo, n. 1. voice. He reo tangata 
e wawaro mai nei. 2. speech. 
Kua nanu te reo. 3. language; 

reoreo, n. 1. a bird. 2. plain or 
undulating country (K.) Com- 
pare raorao. 

Repa, n. 1. belly of a shark. 2. 
a kind of mat; the same as 

Repe, n. a kind of potato. 

reperepe, n. dowry. 

Repo, n. 1. swamp, 2. sting ray ; 
a fish. 3. cannon. 

reporepo, n. a slippery weed 
growing on rocks. 


whakarera, a. high. 

Rere, v. i. 1. run (as water). 2. 
Jly. Rere tonu ke kukupa, a 
tau noa atu i te matapihi o te 
whare o Tinirau. — be carried 
away. Me te huruhuru manu 
ka rere i te hau (170). 3. es- 
cape. Kahore he rerenga o taua 
ope. 4. sail. Rere noa atu 
ana, rere noa atu ana, he waka 
i tona rerenga (70). 5. leap. 
Ka rere iho taua wahine nei 
ki roto ki te koruarua (13). 
6. pace to and fro in making 
a speech. 7. rise or set, as 
the havenly bodies. He marama 
e ka rere ake ana i te pae te 
ahuatanga (159). — E to e te 
ra, e rere ki te rua. 8. be 
born. Ka rere ta Tauwheoro, 
ko Hokinga. 9. be rejected. 
Hoatu rawa ta taua korero ki 
a Paoa, rere ana i a ia. 10. 
hang. Ko te here ka waiho 
ki rere ana (147). 

Pass reia, or rerengia, be run 
upon or over; be run after. 
Ka reia taua wahine e nga tane 

rere — wliakaririka. 


reira (148). be sailed over. 
Ka roa tenei wahi e reia nei 
e tenei waka (71\ 

rere, n. 1. waterfall. 2. shoal; 
swarm. Ka mau katoa te rere 

rere, ad. abruptly ; suddenly. Motu 
rere te taura nei. 

rSrSre, v. i. run &c. to and fro. 

whakarere, v. t. 1. cast away; 
reject. Me whakarere enei ra- 
kau; kua pirau. 2. leave; for- 
sake. Katahi ka whakarcrea e 
ratou tera wahi. 3. use a wea- 
pon in striking a blow. Tahi 
ano te whakarerenga iho o tana 
meremere (120). 

whakarere, ad. suddenly. Ka 
puta whakarere mai te hau to- 

IlSrS, int. demanding attention. 
E hoa! rere! 

RSr§&hi&hi, u. the evening star. 

BSrehii, n. the star whose appea- 
rance marks the 9th month; 
perhaps ^nfares. 

BJ&r^hH, V. i. be heated. Ka re- 
rehu te okeoke. 

BdrSi, ad. there. E noi mai rerei. 

BSrSmai, n. a large kind of shark. 

HdrdpShi, n. tattooing on the 

BSrSp&ri, n. a kind of crab. 

BdrdHia, a. double; in two thick- 
nesses or folds. 

BOt&o, n. grass or leaves on which 
the food is laid in a native 

Bdti, n. snare. 

reti, V. ensnare, 

BSt6, a. deep. He wahi reto tera 

HfiturStii, n. a water-plant. 

Heu&, n. a shrub. 

BSw&, V. i. 1. melt; become li- 
quid. 2. float. 3. get under 
way, start. Kotahi te mano o 
nga waka, ka rewa ki tc raoana, 
ka hoe (41). 4. be elevated; 

I be high up. Ka rewa te ra ki 

rewa, n. mast of a vessel. 

rewarewa, n. knightia excelsa, 
a tree. 

whakarewa, v. t. 1. put afloat. 
WHakarewaia te waka. 2. set 
in motion. Ka whakarewaia a 
Kahukura, a Itupawa, a Rongo- 
mai (84). 


whakarewai, v. i. rain heavily. 
I ua nehu i mua; muri iho ka 
whakarewai, ka rahi ake te pata. 

BSwha, n. eyelid. Mauana kau 
ana nga rewha. 

rewharewha, n. epidemic sick- 
ness ; injluenza &c. 

Ri, V. t. shut out with a screen. 
Ka riia te hau. 

ri&ng&, n. screen. Homai nga 
ruupo naka hei rianga. 

Biak&, V. i. strain; put forth 
strength. Iliaka aua nga nana 
ki te pupuri i a au. 

Biaki, V. t. //// up. No tana 
riakanga i nga riwai nei. v. i. 
fall out. 

Bianga, see rL 

Bie, a. two. E rie. (R.) 

rienga, a. two. E rienga i a ma- 
tou. (R.) 

Bih&, n. nit. 

whakarihariha, a. 1. disgusted, 
2. disgusting. 

Bik&, a. 1. restless in sleep; un- 
easy. I a au e moc ana, ka 
rika tera au. 2. impatient. Mo 
haere koutou ki te arahi i to 
hanga ka rika nei ki te haere. 

rikarika, a. 1. abashed; overaw- 
ed. Te rikarika te tangata ra 
ki tona rangatira. 2. having 
misgivings. Kihai i rikarika 
tana patu, kihai i titiro. 3. 
hesitating. To rikarika te whaka- 
tikunga o tc iwi nei. 

whakaririkS., v. i. 1. be anxious 
or apprehensive. !Me to noho 


whakarikarika- Ririwai. 

matou; me te whakaririka akua- 
nei matou ka tahuri. 2. wait 
anxiously. WHakaririka noa 
ana matou kia tika te hau. 3. 
coiver; crouch. 

whakarikarika, a. exciting feel- 
ings of disgust; disgusting. 

Riki, a. small. He ririki anake 
enei rakau. 

rikiriki, a. 1. in small portions 
or sections; in fragments. 2. 
Ka mahora rikiriki tatou, loe 
are altogether scattered. 

Riko, T. i. mane. Ka riko te 

rikoriko, a. dusky; darkish. I 
te ahiahi rikoriko. 

Rima, a. fve. 

Rimu, u. dacnjdium cupressinumf 
a tree. 

rimurimu. n. \. seaweed. 2. moss. 
3. mildew. 

RlNENA, n. linen. 

Rino, n. 1. twist of two or three 
strands. Kino makawe, lock of 
frizzled hair. 2. iroji. 

rinorino, n. twist of two or three 

Ringa, ringaringa, n. hand; 

Ringi, rirrQgi, v. t. 1. pour out. 
Bingihia mai he wai i roto i 
te tahaa. 2. throv) in great 
numbers. Te ringihanga mai o 
te tao te manuka (101). 

Ripa, n. boundary line. 

ripa, V. i. make a line or furroiv. 
Kei te takahi i te ara, a ta- 
whiti noa atu, ripa ke atu, ripa 
ke mai (94). v. t. deprive an 
atua of power. 

riparipa, v. t. put a border to. 
Riparipaia ta tatou hangi. 

riparipa, n. tattooing on the cheeks. 

Ripeka, a. lying across one ano- 
ther. Heararipeka, a cross road. 

ripeka, n. cross. 

ripeka, y. t. 1. lay across. 2. 
mark with a cross. 3. crucify. 

Ripi, Y. t. cut; gash. 

ripiripi, y. t. cut open. He ika 
ka ripiripia; he ika ka hae- 
haea (98). 

ripi, n. stick to kill eels with. 

Ripo, n. 1. whirlpool; eddy; 
curL 2. deep pool. Kua tae 
ki te ripo, kei reira te WHeke 
a Muturangi e noho ana (109). 
Used of the deep sea. Te ripo 
tauarai ki Oropi. 

ripo, or riporipo, a. eddying; 
curling. He hau ripo — Ka 
puhia mai e te hau, ka ripo- 
ripoa te mura o te ahi. 

Rira, a. strong. Koia ano te 
rira o tenei tangata ki te mahi. 

whakarira, y. i. but forth strength ; 
work hard. I runga ahau i te 
whakarira, a ruwha noa iho. 

Rirapa, a. having flat projections. 
He pukatea tena rakau ina hoki 
te rirapa. 

Rire, n. deep water. 

Riri, Y. i. 1 . be angry. Ka rongo 
ki te patuuga o tana kuri, ka- 
tahi ka riri. 2. quarrel; fight. 
Mo apopo taua riri ai (92). 
The passiYO is sometimes used 
impersonally. Katahi ka riria; 
then they fought, y. t. rebuke; 
forbid. Katahi te tangata nei 
ka riri kia kati te haka (194). 

riri, n. 1. anger. 2. quarrel. 
Riri taua nui, war betvjeen two 
nations. Riri taua whenua; 
quarrel between tribes^ about 
women, right to land &c. Riri 
tara whare ; quarrel between dif- 
ferent sections of the same hapu. 

ririri, y. i. quarrel otie with ano- 
ther. Ka ririri nga wahine nei 

Ririki, see riki. 

Ririo, Y. i. be diminished. Ka 
ririo te mate o toku ringaringa. 

Ririu, see under riu. 

Ririwai, n. stakes in the bed of a 
riYer, to which nets are attached. 

Birlwaka — Rohi. 


be gone or come 

Ririwaka, n. scirpiis marifimus 
a marsh plant. 

Riro, V. i. 1 

away. Kua riro atu taiia wa- 
liine ki te kawe wai ma raua. 
2. be brought; be taken. Kua 
riro mai i a Tawhaki te iwa 
[o nga taro] (49). 3. be gotten 
or obtained. Ka riro te kaai- 
nga i a Manaia ratou ko aua 
tama (123). Riro ke; be chang- 

whakariro, or whakariro ke, 
V. t. wrest; pervert. Kei whaka- 
riroia ta matou korero e koe. 

riro, ad. intensive. Nonamata 
riro ; from very ancient times. 

riroriro, n. gerygone JlaviventriSt 
a bird. 

Riroi, M. rut. 

Rita, u. an evil spirit. Haere 
ana a Rita, noho ana te ta- 

Rit&k&, n. ieaves &c. with which 
food is covered in a native oven. 

Ritd, a. 1. iike. 1 rite ahau ki 
ia manu, ki ia manu; manu 
iti, manu ralii (19). alike, Kia 
rite koutou te haere. 2. cor- 
responding in position, number 
&c. Ka pakarua iho te wahi 
i rite ake ai tona iringa ake 
(64). — Ko nga raugatira i rite 
tonu: e torn nga matua, toko- 
toni hoki nga rangatira (101). 
'^. balanced by an equivalent; 
paid for. Kua rite noa ake i 
a au te kakahu. 4. performed. 
Kite tonu etahi o nga kupu i 
a ia (65). 5. agreed to. Hcoi 
ka rite cnei korero i a ratou 

whakarite, v. t. 1. make like. 

2. compare; 


order ; arranj^e : fix. 
huire by nn equivalrnt. 
Jil : prrfnvm. 
ritonga. n. 1. likeness. 

put m 

4. bn- 

5. ////. 

2. cu- 

stom; habit. 3. place or thing 
corresponding; price &c. 

Rito, n. young uneapanded leaves, 
or heart of a plant. Ko te rito 
i waenganui te waiho. 

Rm, n. 1. bilge of a canoe or 
vessel. 2. anything similar in 
shape: valley. Te riu o Waia- 
pu, e tuwhera kau nei. — belly 
of a fish. Pawharatia tonutia 
i te riu (155). 

ririu, v. i. 1. subside into its 
channel or bed. Kua ririu te 
waipuke ki roto ki te awa. 2. 
pass by. I kite atu au i a ia 
e ririu ana i ko. 

Pass, riua, be gone. Ka riua ia 


whakariuka, a. restless from cold. 
Moo wliakariuka ana au i to 
po nei. 

BIw&i, n. potato. 

B.iwh&, a. chipped ; gapped, Ka 
riwha te papa. 

riwha, n. chink. 

B5, n. mantis; an insect. 

RO, for *roto i te' in complex pre- 
positions. Ka noho ano a NOa- 
toro i ro pa (92). 

B5a, a. 1. long; tall. Plural 
roroa. He tangata roroa anakc. 
2. slow: taking a long lime. 

whakaroa, \. f. 1. lengthen. 2. 

R6ak&, a. abundant. 

Roha, a. spread out; c.rpandrd. 
£ roha ana nga pakikau o to 
koau. Pakau-roharoha, winged 

roha, n. sting ray: a fish. 

R5h§, n. 1. boundary. 2. hand- 
net for fish. 

roherohe, v. t. mark oJJ hy a 
boundary line ; .separate, Ko 
nga rangi i rohcrohoa e Tane 

roherohe, n. torch. 

Rohi, V. t. screen with bushes. 


Bohutii — rongoa. 

I te rohi kumara matou i te 
mara a Maru. 

Rohiitu, n. myrtns obcordata; a 

Roi, n. feni'Vool. 

roiroi, a. half-cooked. Ma wai 
tenei kai roiroi. 

roiroi, v. t. tie up, Koiroia te 

roiroi, n. dwarf, 

roroi, v. t. grate into a pulp. 

roroi, n. kumara grated or mash- 

whakaroiroi, v. i. wander about ; 
be unstable; be unsettled. 

Roimata, n. tears. 

Roke, u. excrement. 

rokeroke, n. a variety of potato. 

Rokohanga, y. pass, be overtaken 
or come upon; be reached. Ro- 
kohanga atu e au kua mate ke. 

Rokohina, the same as rokoha- 

Rokii, or rorokii, v. i. 1. be 
weighed down; sink. He ma- 
rama ka roku i te pae. 2. 
grow weak; decline, used of a 
person dying; of fire that will 
not burn &c. WHakaara noa 
au i a ia, ka roroku tonu atu. 
3. act the coward; submit ta- 
mely to insult or degradation. 

Roma, n. current; stream. 

Romi, or roromi, v. t. 1. squeeze. 
Aua e romia kei kutere. 2. 

Rona, V. t. 1. bind; confine vnth 
cords &c. Kua tukua inaianei, 
a inaianei kua ronaia ano. 2. 
confine thatch to prevent it from 
being carried away by the wind. 
Kahore ano i ronaa te whare. 

3, engulph. Ka kawhakina e 
te au kume, e te au rona (112), 

4. prepare cockles in the form 
of a pudding. Kei te rona pipi 
a Kino. 

Ronaki, a. 1. sloping; slanting. 
Te puke ronaki. 2. gliding 

I easily. Te ngaru, te aha, ka 
ronaki te haere. — He hau tika ; 
ronaki tonu mai i muri. 
Rongo, V. t. pass, rangona. 1. 
hear. Kahore ranei koe i ro- 
ngo wawara o raro nei na? (33) 
2. feel. Katahi ka rangona e 
au te mamae. 3. smell. Rongo 
kau ano te tupua ra i te hau- 
nga ahua tangata (150). 4. 
taste. Ka kai a Kae, ka rongo 
i te reka (36). 5. obey. NGare 
noa, kihai hoki i rongo (143). 

rorongo, v. t. repeat the commen- 
cement of a song &c. Katahi 
ka rongohia atu e Rongorongo 

rongo, n. 1. tidings ; report ; fame. 
Ka nui noa atu tona rongo; 
paku ana ki nga iwi katoa. 2. 
peace after war. Ka mau te 
rongo (166); peace is made. 
Hohou rongo ; make peace. — 
Rongo-a- whare ; peace brought 
about by the mediation of a wo- 
man. — Rongo - a - marae ; peace 
brought about by the mediation 
of a man. 

whakarongo, v. t. 1. cause to 
hear; inform. Hoki tonu te 
purahorua ra ki te whakarongo 
i nga wahi i kapi i nga ta- 
ngata runga i a te Arawa 
(81). 2. listen; attend. E whaka- 
rongo ana raua ki te putauga 
mai te hau (93). WHaka- 
rongo-uka, bear pain with fiirm- 

; ncss. 

I wliakarongoa, n. noise. Te wha- 

I karongoa o te tamaiti nei! 

I Used interjectionally. WHaka- 

I rongoa! Hush I 

I Rongoa, v. t. 1 . preserve ; take 
care of. Rongoatia a tatou kai 
mo apopo. 2. apply medicines 
rongoa, n, 1. anything preserved. 
Hence applied to drugs. 2. 
medicine ; remedy ; preservative 

Rongohua — Ru. 


against sicknes or death. He 

mata tawhito te karakia a Ta- 

miire hei rongoa mona (172). 
Rongohua, ii. perch for birds. 
Rongomaiora, n. steep roof. 
Rongoua, n. basket for cooked 

fiody used in some religious 

Rongowaha, v. t. muzzle Hoatu, 

rongowahatia ta taua kuri. 
Ropa, n. 1. slave; servant, Ka- 

tahi a Manituahu raua ko tana 

ropa ka haere mai (137), 2. 

single wan : lodger in a family. 
Jtlopi, n. potato. 
Ropi, and roropi, v. i. 1. dose. 

Kopia te kuwaha. 2. cover up. 

3. as a covering. Ropia 

tou kakahu. 
Raping, V. t. cover up. Eopinea 

nga mea na ki waenganui. 
ROptl, n. 1. compan}! of persons. 

2. clump of trees. 3. gmt of 

wind; squall. Ka puta mai te 

ropu hau, tutu ana te puehu o 

te whenua. 
R5r&, a. 1. powerless. Ei taku 

titiro, kua rora a Hirini. 2. 

laz}i. Katahi te rora o ta kou- 

tou mahi. 
Rdr3, n. snare; trap. 
rore, v. t. ensnare. Ka puta te 

kiore ki roto, ka rorea. 
rore, a. 1. deceitful. He rore 

noa te mahi a te tangata ra. 

2. weary. 3. intoxicated. 
rorerore, a. 1. entangled. 2. en- 
ervating , relaxing. Rorerore 

ana tera te whiti o te ra. 
whakarorerore, v. t. bind. He 

aha te tikanga ka whakarore- 

rorea noatia nei au e koo? 
R0r3a, n. tide- bore. 
ROri, V. t. 1. bind. 2. gather 

rori, a. entangled. I reira nga 

whakaheke e rori ana. 
rori, n. 1. basket in which cockles 

are gathered. 2. animalculw in 
the sea. 

Rori, a. distorted. Ka rori nga 

R5ria, n. jew*s harp. 

Roro, n. 1. brains; marrow. 2. 
entrance; doorway. 

Roroa, see under roa. 

Roroai, n. a fish. 

Rorohu, V. i. whiz ; buzz. 

RSroro, u. 1. young ma ire tree. 
2. pieces of wood rubbed to- 
gether to procure fire, 3. ant. 

R6t&, n. a fish. 

R5t&ri, n. fierce looks, Ka tu 
mai tera nga rotari. 

rotari, a. fierce, 

I. Roto, n. lake. 

II. Roto, n. treated in construc- 
tion like the proper name of 
a place. 1. the inside. Ko roto 
o te whare, i ki katoa i to ta- 
ngata. Ki roto ki ; into ; in. 
Ki roto i; i roto i; hei roto i 
&c. in. Sometimes used with 
an ellipsis of the preposition 
following. He kai ma roto puku 
(168). See also ro. 2. the 
midst. Ka tu nga tokotoko ki 
roto ki te otaota (79). 3. places 
inland; or up a river. 

R6tii, and r6r6tu, a. heavy. Ro- 
rotu ana nga kanohi i te moe. 

r5r6tu, v. t. oppress with sleep. 
Ka rotua te whare e nga wa- 
hine ra (37). 

R5u, v. t. 1. reach or procure by 
means of a pole or stick. Roua 
he kiekie ma tatou. 2. collect 
cockles or other shell fish. Kci 
te rou kakahi (157). 

rou, n. long stick used to reach 
anything with. 

rourou, n. small basket for cook- 
ed food. 

Routu, n. comb. 

RdwhSa, a. weary. Ka rowhea 
noa iho au i to mahinga. 

Ra, v. t. shake. Ka ru i ana ma- 


ru — Riinga. 

kawe (55). v. i. shake. Ru 

ana te whenua. 
ru, n. earthquake. 
ruru, V. t. shake. 

I. Biia, a. two. 

ruarua, a. of two minds ; in doubt. 

Ka ruarua toku ngakau. 
rurua, ad. both equally. E tika 

rurua ana raua. 

II. Rua, n. 1. pit; hole. Me 
haere au ki roto ki te rua noho 
ai (97). 2. potato store. 3. 

whakarua, n. north east Seabreeze. 
WHakarua-kopito ; a kind of 
ornamental work in the inte- 
rior of native buildings. 

Ruahine, see mawhine. 

Riiaki, t. t. vomit. Ka ruakina^ 
te kai ki waho. Whakapai ru- 
aki; have a feeling of nausea. 

Riia-koauau, n. kumara store. 

Ruarangi, a. large (of animals). 
He kuri ruarangi. 

Rua-tahuhii, n. potato store. 

Ruatapii, a. having two entran- 
ces. Ano he kiore e man ana 
i te tawhiti whakaruatapu (160). 

Riiatara, n. large lizard. 

Rua-tirawa, n. store with an ex- 
cavated floor. 

Ruaumoko, n. the demon of earth- 
quakes. Te tini o Ruaumoko. 

Ruawahia, n. a star which ap- 
pears in the 9th month. 

Riieke, n. verandah. 

Riihi, a. weak; exhausted. 

ruriihi, n. old umman, 

whakaruhi, v. t. enervate. Ka 
whakaruhiruhia te tangata e 
tenei mate. 

Riii, V. t. scatter; sow. 

Riikaruka, a. indefinite. I ma- 
hue rukaruka te korero nei, 
kahore hoki i marama. 

Rukc, V. t. throw. Rukea te ku- 
penga ki te moaua. 

whakaruke, v. t. strike. Me wha- 
karuke te kuri ki te rakau. 

Riiku, V. t. dive for. Kei te ruku 

paua nga tangata. 
nikuruku, n. small basket or 
basket half full. Ko te ruku- 
ruku a WHakaotirangi. a pro- 
verb for scarcity of food. 
rukuruku, v. t. gather up into 
small compass, Rukuruku Hu- 
naa, horahora Papakanui. a pro- 
verb expressing the superiority 
of plain serviceable garments 
to those which are merely or- 
namental ; Hunaa being the name 
of a place where fine flax was 
grown and Papakanui that of 
a kiekie thicket. 
ruriiku, v. t. 1. draiv together 
with a cord. WHiria he taura 
hei ruruku i nga pakitara o te 
whare. 2. bind together any- 

I thing that is broken or fallen 

I to pieces. Pass, rukutia. 

I ruruku, n. band; girdle. Homai 

I tetahi ruruku kia piri ai. 

J RfMA, n. room, apartment. 

\ I. Rumaki, n. basket of seed po- 

i tatoes. 

! II. Rumaki , v. t. duck in the 
water, y. i. stoop; bow. Ka 
rumaki tonu te pane ki raro ki 
te hoe. 

I. Riina, n. 1. rumex Jlexuosus ; 
I dock. 2. a water plant. 

II. Runa, V. t. 1. tie together; 

I draw together. Kotahi tonu te 
kete i runaia ai. 2. steer. Ru- 
naa te ihu o te waka ki waho. 
3. reduce; pare down. Runaa 
mai nga taha o te rakau kia 
iti mai. 

runanga, n. assembly; council. 

runanga, v. t. discuss at a meet- 

Riinga, n. treated in construc- 
tion like proper names of places. 
1. the top; the upper part. He 
mea puhipuhi a runga ki te 
puhi kereru (154). Ki runga; 
upwards; on high. I runga; 

Rupahu — ta. 


on high, Ki ruuga ki; ki ru- 
nga i, upon. Ki niiiga ake i; 
above. Ea-runga-tia mai i te 
taiepa; let it be passed over 
the fence, 2. the south : sou- 
thern parts. 

Biipahu, a. 1. blustering ,• angry . 
2. random: wild. Katahi te 
tangata tahupera; rupahu iioa 
iho ana korcro. 

Biipe, ruperupe, v. t. 1. shake 
vio/rnthj. }Ie aha tau e rupe- 
rupe i tou kakahu: 2. treat 
with violence. 

Rupeke, v. i. he all come toge- 
ther. Kua rupeke mai nga ta- 

RiirS, V. t. 1. shake. 2. toss about : 
scatter. He alia i rurea atu 
ai nga kai na; te whakawhai- 
titia? 3. bandy words: wrangle. 
Korero atu ana ratou ; i-ure atu ; 
rare mai. 

rurenire, v. t. 1. brandish. Ka 
rurerurca tana paraoa. 2. mal- 
treat. Kati roe he rurenire i 
to potiki. 

1. R&rii, 11. nirl : nthcnr .\ovff' 

II. Riiru, V. t. lie together. Me 
i mohio koutou ki te ruru moki. 
V. i. draw closer together. E 
ta, kahore koe e ruru mai kia 
whaiti ? 

ruru, a. sheltered from uu'nd. He 
wahi ruru tenei. 

Rtirutake, a. shivering. 

Ruruwai, a. foolish; silly. Te 
mate o te taugata ra, he ruru- 
wai noa iho, he porangi. 

RtltS, V. i. rage; bluster, Kaua 
e natia taku korero : waiho kia 
ruta ana au. 

Bat&ki, a. blustering; furious. 

Btitil, i. V. t. 1. jolt: Jerk. 2. 
dash down; fell. He rutunga 
na te mate. 3. try to obtain 
by flattery. He rutu taonga 
mana. ii. v. i. 1. nod from .side 
to side. He hoka pai, e rutu 
ana. 2. be agitated with anger ; 
storm. Rutu noa ana te tii- 
ngata ra. 

Rtiw&hing, n. \. old woman. 2. 
woman under the restriction of 

Bfiwhfi, a. weary. Ka ruwha 
oku waewae. 


I. TS, i. V. t. 1. dash down. He 
ua ta whakarere; very heavy 
rain. 2. strike uu'th a stick &c. ; 
beat. Hoatu tatou ki te ta ka- 
raka. — -Ta i te kawa; strike with 
a branch of kawakawa : this 
being part of the 'pure' cere- 
mony. Hei te ra e whaongia 
ai te tupapaku ki te papa, ka 
taia te kawa o te papa. 8. 
sprinkle by means of a branch 
or bunch of leaves dipped in 
water. 4. whip a top E ta 
ana to tamaiti i tana kaihotaka. 
T). i/ash the water out of a ca- 
noe ; bale. Taugia te rire o te 

waka. 6. paint; print. 
j i taia ki te takou te where (16). 
j 7. tattoo. Na wai i ta to mo- 
I kor 8. net. Katahi ano ka 
I kitea te ta o te kupenga (179). 
I ii. V. i. 1. breathe. Kate toku 
I manawa, ka mamae. — Ka wha- 
I kata i tona manawa (,132). She 
takes breath. 2. be oblique; de- 
viate from the perpendicular. 
He ta kakaho, ka kitea; ho 
ta tangata, e kore e kitea. Com- 
pare takau. 
ta, n. 1. mallei; maul. 2. whip 
for a top. 3. scoop for baling 
water out of a cauoe. (t&tii;. 


tata — whakataha. 

4. stern of a canoe. 5. shin; 
(or tata) lower joint of the leg. 
6. jvind. He ta tika tenei mo 
te kaipuke. 

tata, V. t. bale water out of a 

tata, n. vessel used to bale with. 

tata, Y. t. 1. dash down. 2. break 
to pieces by clashing on the 
ground. Hence cleave ,• split up. 
Tatakia te rakau na hei wahie 
ma taua. 3. strike repeatedly 
with a stick; beat. 4. oppose; 
contradict. E pa, he kupu tata 
to kupu. See tata. 

tanga, n. 1. circumstance, time or 
place of dashing &c. 2. com- 
pany ; relay. Haere tonu atu 
te tanga o mua (193). — E toru 
tanga o toku kaainga ka noho 
atu apopo. 3. place where a 
seine is ivorked. Kia tae atu 
au ki te kawe i te hau o tenei 
tanga ika (22). 

n. Ta, n. a mode of address among 
V tribes on the East coast. E 


III. Ta, a particle compounded of 
'te' the, and 'a! of Plural 'a'. 
*Ta Eaumati kupenga' is equi- 
valent to 'te kupenga a Rau- 

Taawhe, v. i. I. go round a cor- 
ner. A ka taawhe ratou i Mu- 
riwhenua (123). 2. be travell- 
ed all round. Ka taawhe i a 
au te motu nei te haere. 

Taawhi. v.t. suppress feelings &c. 
Taawhi noa iho ana, e totoko 
tonu ake ana i roto i te nga- 
kau te whanowhanoa (82). 

taawhi taawhi, v. i. hang back. 
Kihai ia i taawhitaawhi , kia 
whakaaroaro ranei, kia aha 
ranei (164). 

Tae. V. i. 1. arrive. Kua tae mai 
a Paoa ki to matou whare (196). 
2. go. He aha koa ra, ko koe 
kia tae J keoi ano. 3. reach 

the utmost limit. Ka tae te 
roa to kai (84). Pass. taea. 

1. be reached. Ka taea te tai- 
ngawai o te ihu (72). Hence 
often equivalent to as for as ; 
until. Ka noho ki Piako, taea 
noatia te ngahuru. 2. be equall- 
ed. Kahore he tangata e taea 
ai Te Horo, te oha. 3. be ef- 
fected; be accomplished. Ka taea 

e au tenei, ka taea hoki e au 
tera atu aianei (19). Often 
with an infinitive verb to de- 
note the character of the action. 
E kore e taea te whai (144). 
4. be overcome; be taken. He 
pa taea. 

whakataetae, v. i. try strength; 
contend. Ka mea a Tamure kia 
whakataetae ia ki a Kiki (172). 

Tae, n. 1. exudation from plants. 

2. dye. Kua hemo te tae o 
nga kakahu. 

Taeaka, n. a variety of potato. 

Taeka, for taea. See under tae. 

Taeki, v. i. lie. Hei kona ta- 
eki ai. 

Taematiiku, a. purulent. Ka 
taematukutia a roto o te mate. 

Taeo, n. thicket of kiekie or ka- 
reao. Me te taeo pirita. 

Taepa, v. i hang doion. Kei 
hopu ton ringa ki te aka tae- 
pa; engari kia mau ki te aka 
matua (49). Te taepaepatanga 
te rangi (72); the place where 
the sky hangs down to the ho- 

taepa, n. fence. 

Taha, n. 1. side. Kei te taha o 
te wai e takoto ana. 2. leaf 
of flax plant. 

taha, V. i. pass on one side ; go 
by. Ka taha te patu i tona 
angaanga (91). 

tahataha, n. steep bank of a river. 

whakataha, whakatataha, v. i. 
go on one side; steal. WHaka- 
tataha ana; ko Autahi ano. 

whakataliataha — Tahira. 


whakatahataha, y. i. turn from 

siile lo side. 
Taha, n. calabash. Katahi ka 
utu te tangata ra i tana taha 

Tahae, v. t. 1. steal. Akuanei, 
whakapaea iho, ua Hotunui i 
tahae (136). 2. do anything by 

tahae, n. 1. thief. 2. young fel- 
low : person. '6. filth (34). 

Tahake, u. young fellow ; person. 

Tahaki, n. ?. one side. Haere 
ana te wahine r;i ki tahaki ta- 
ngi ai (83). 2. the shore, re- 
garded from the water. Ka 
lata ki tahaki, ka tutu a Tua- 
nui (113). 

Tahaku, for taku. See taku. 

Tahang&, a. 1. naked. Ko te- 
nei tangata e noho tahanga nei, 
kahore he weruweru. 2. empty. 

tahanga, ad. moderately; a little. 
Kaua e waiho te wai kia ko- 
ropupu: kia werawera talianga. 

Tahaoh&o, v. i. cease (of i*ain\ 
Kua tahaohao te ua. 

Tahapa, v. i. 1. pass by. Kua 
tahapa ke te kaipuke. 2. be 
left behind. Kua tahapa kei 
muri te kaainga. 

tahapa, a. at an acute angle. 
llo awa tahapa, a river which 
makes an acute angle with the 
sea at its mouth. Ha awa ta- 
hapa, ka pai te haere; teua ka 
poupou ki waho, ka kino. 

T5h&r&h&r&, v, i. be diminished. 
Ka taharahara nga wahie. 

T&h&t&i, n. .sea-shore. 

T&hatik&, n. coast line. Kei te 
taunuha haere mai a Taikehu 
ma i nga whenua katoa o te 
tahatika (75). 

Tah&ttl, n. 1. upper edge of a 
seine or of a canoe-sail. 2. ho- 
rizon. Na taku potiki koe i 
tiki ki te tahatu o te rangi 

j 1. Tahau, n. front part of the 
' thigh. 

II. Tahau, pron. for tau, thy. 

Tahawahawa, t. t. contaminate 
with something *tapu\ He aha 
I i tahawahawatia ai e koe nga 
kai r 

Tahe, n. 1. menses. 2. abortion. 
' whakatahe, u. abortion. 
I whakatahe, v. t. clear from ob- 
I s traction. Ka whakataliea te 
i awa kia rere ai te wai. 

Tahe, u. calabash. 

Taheha, u. a small mat. 

TShSi, V. t. diride by a crease or 
I narrow stripe. Taheitia te pu- 
I kapuka. 

I tahei, a. divided by a crease or 
stripe. He poaka tahei ; a black 
j pig, with a narrow white stripe 
I crossing its back. 
I TahdkS, v. i. descend. 

taheke, a. f/uick. Kia taheke te 
I haere. 
I taheke, n. waterfall; rapid. 

tahekeheke, a. stripdl ; streaked. 

TShSrS, V. t tie ; ensnare. Ka 
haere ki te tahere huahua ma 
ratou. T. i. hang oneself 

I. T&hi, a. 1. one. 2. unique; 
unprecedented. E tahi te oha 
a to tangata. 

tahi, ad. 1. together. Haere tahi 
ana raua ki waho. 2. through- 
out. Tahi mai ano i te ihu, 
a te noko atu ana (50). 3. 
altogether. Parau tahi to korero. 

II. T&hi, V. t. sweep. Tahia te 

tahitahi, v. t. 1. scrape. £ ta- 
hitalii ana ia i te riwai. 2. 
touch lightly. Kahore i tahi- 
tahi ki taku waewae; i pa- 

tahitahi, ad. within a little; 
Tahitahi tonu taua ka riri i 
mua ake nei. 

TahirS, n. the day after tomor- 


Tahiwi — Taiapu. 

row. A tahira te eke ai ki 
uta (142). 

Tahiwi, n. heart of a tree. He 
rakau tawhito, e mau te taitea 
i waho, e tu te tahiwi. 

Tahoata, n. pumice stone. 

Tahoe, v. i. stretch out the arms 
nlternately in swimming. 

Tahoho, a. soft; jnilpy. Taholio 
noa nga pititi nei. 

Tahora, v. t. gather fruit off a 
tree. Me tahora he matai ki 
ro ra^u. 

Tahora, n. uncultivated open coun- 
try. Kei waenga tahora e haere 
ana. I 

Tahoro, v. t. 1. cause to crumble \ 
down; throw down a heap or 
structure. Tahoroa nga puke- 
puke. 2. pour out. Ka oti te 
tahoro te wai o te karaha. 

Tahti, for tahuhu, see tahuhu. 

I. Tahu, u. 1. husband; spouse. 
2. any other near relative. Ta- 
ngi-a-tahu; dirge. 

II. Tahii, v. t. 1. set on Jive; 
light. Na nga tangata a Puhi 
i tahu te whare. 2. tend a 
fire. Kia pai te tahu o te ahi, 
kei paoa. 3. cook. Tahuna he 
kai kia ora ai te haere. 

Tahiia, n. heap of food. 

Tahuhii, n. 1. ridgepole of a 
house. 2. line of ancestry. 

tahuhu, V. i. run in a continuous 
line. E tahuhu haere nei ano 
toku ingoa ki toku tupuna ki 
a Manaia (123). 

Tahuna, n. 1. shoal; sandbank. 
2. seaside; beach. 3. bed or 
land in a cultivation, divided 
off by furrows. 4. battlefield. 
Ka mate te hoariri, ka riro te 
tahuna i tetahi. 

Tahiine, n. seed-doivn of raupo 
or typha angustifolia. 

Tahunga, n. any downy sub- 

Tahupera, a false. Ko nga ko- ; 

rero tahupera ano te tu o nga 

korero inaianei. 
Tahiirangi, n. beings resembling 

Tahuri, v. i. 1. turn oneself 2. 

turn over; upset. Kua tahuri te 

waka. 3. turn to ; set to work. 

Tahuri ; haehaea te ika nei (152). ^ 
tahiirihuri, n. head. 
Tahuti, V. i. run away. Ka raea 

te wahine nei kia haere atu ia 

kia tahuti (144). 2. Tahuti 

mai! a cry of welcome. 

I. Tai, n. 1. sea. Wai tai; sea- 
water. 2. tide. Kia pari te 
tai ka hoe matou. Taitai nu- 
nui; spring tides. Taitai ririki, 
or tai kawa, neap tides. 

II. Tai, n. a term of address in 
speaking to a married woman. 
E tai! 

III. Tai, n. the other side. Kei 
tai atu, beyond. 

IV. Tai. 

taitai, v. t. remove tapu from a 
newly built canoe: a ceremony 
accompanied with the sacrifice 
of a slave. Hence, 'He taitai- 
nga waka koe noku' is equi- 
valent to ^you are my slave\ — 
Ka taitaia te waka (112). 

Taiaha, n. a flat weapon of hard 
wood, about 5ft long, having 
one end carved in the shape 
of a tongue. 

Taiamiki, v. i. wander. 

Taiapo, v. t. 1. carry in the 
arms. 2. covet. Ka taiapotia 
te kainga. 

Taiapu, v. t. assault; try to take 
by storm. A whea ta tana pa 
te taiaputia ai? — Used also of 
a star when in close conjunc- 
tion with the moon. Kei te 
taiapu te whetu i te marama. 
This is considered a sign of war, 
and indicative of the success 
of one side or the other accord- 
ing to the position of the star. 

Taiari - Taitaiahenga. 


Taiari, v. t. smash. Me he pipi 
taiari. Mango-taiari ; a kind 
of shark. 

Taiaroa, a. weary; exhausted. 
Katalii ku taiaroa ake a roto i 
ii au. 

taiaroa, n. 

Ka kawea te taiaroa ki a Apa- 
kura (44). 

TaiatSa, a. faint-hearted ; nervous. 
He ngakau taiatea. 

Taiawa, n. \. foret'guer. 2. ca- 
tarrh : cold. 3. potato. 

T&iawhio, v. t. ^o round about; 

Taiepa, n. fence. 

Taiheke, v. i. 1. descend : go down. 
Taiheke rawa te ra, ka -tae 
tatou. 2. slope downwards. Tai- 
heke tonu atu tera wahi. 

T§ih6, n. heart of a tree. 

Taihoa, ad. by and bye. Taihoa 
ka kite ratou i ta ratou mahi 
vl41). — E tata mate; e roa 

Taik&, V. i. lie. Kei nga moa 
e taika mai ra. 

T&ik&h&, a. violent; im pet in his. 

Taiki, u. 1. rib. 2. wicker bas- 
ket; anything of uuckerwork. 
Katahi ka tikina he kareao i 
te ugahere, hei hanga taiki 

taiki, V. t, provoke an atua by 
passing cooked food over any 
one who is tapu. Compare 

T&iklri, int expressing surpise 
or alarm, Taikiri! taikiri! kore 
rawa nci kop <• ki mai ki ahau! 

TfiikS, n. ii iMKi. 

Taikur&, n. heart of a tree; red 

T&im&h&, a. 1. heavy. 2. oppress- 
ed in hndy or mind. 

T&im&td, 11. slack water. He 
taimate teuei; ka hoe tatou. 

T&in&, for teina. See teina. 

Tainaki, or tainanahi, u. yester- 

Tainakareha, n. the day before 
yes ten! ay. 

Taiuawhea, n. what time; inter- 
rogatively, of past time only. 

Taingawai, n. the part of a ca- 
noe where the abater is baled 

T&iom^ n. pipeclay. 

Taiororua, n. valley. Kia heke 
tatou ki te taiororua, ka noho. 

T&ipara, v. t. ^fire a volley at. 
No toku whakatikanga ake, ka 
taiparatia mai au. 

I. Taipti, V. 1. betroth. 

II. Taipti, 11. sand hill. 
T&ipiia, v. i. lie in rounded mas- 
ses or heapSf as cumulus clouds. 

T&ir&ki, n. a shell fish. 

Tairangaranga, a. elevated. 

whakatairangaranga, v. i. rise 
up. Na NGapuhi i whakatai- 
rangaranga ki te riri, koia To- 

T. TSiri, v. i. Of the sun late 
in the afternoon, when it hangs 
as it were over the horizon. 
Ka tairi te ra, 

II. T&iri, V. t. block up. Tairia 
te ara. 

TSir5, V. t. cause a toliunga to 
be destroyed by his own atua. 
1 meatia atu ona mea tapu ki 
roto ki to haugi kai, hei tairo 
i a ia; kia hoki mai ai ona 
atua ki te kai i a ia. 

T&ir6a, a. lingering; spending 
much time over anything. He 
tairoa ahau ki te moe. 

T&itS, n. snag; timber / in 
the bed of a river. 

TS,itah§,e, a. oppressive; weary- 
ing. He tait^ihae to iigaru nei. 

Taitai, see under tai. 

TaitS,ia, a. unlucky in fishing &c. 

T&itaiah3nga, a. producing no 
food. He moana taitaiahenga, 
h<.' ongo tahi rangi; a proverb, 


Taitamariki — Takahore. 

for an uusuccessful fishing ex- 

Taitamariki, n. !/on//g- wan; 
young person of either sex. 

Taitamahme, n. young woman. 

Taitata, a near. Kihai ano i 
taitata atu (151). 

Taitea, n. white wood: sa//. 

taitea, a. fenrfiil ; timid. He raa- 
nawa taitea. 

Taitua, n. 1. the further side of 
any solid body. Kei taitua o 
te whare. 2. for tai tua, we- 
stern sea. See tua. 

Taitiiri, n. dew. 

Taiiiru, v. i. lean ; decline from 
the perpendicular. Kia taiuru 
te tu te taiepa. 

Taiwaru, u. a fish. 

I. Taka, v. i. 1. fall off. Taka 
ana ki raro takoto ai (16). 2. 
fall away : desist. Ka taka ra- 
tou ki raro o ta ratou mahi. 
3. turn on a pivot. 4. undergo 
changr in direction. Akuanei 
ka taka tonga te hau. 5. go 
round. Kua taka nga waka ki 
tua. 6. range; roam at large. 
E taka raai ra nga tamariki i 
waho. 7. fall to one\f lot or 
////•//. Kua taka mai ki a au 
te mea nui. 

taka, ad. on all .sides; round. 

tataka, v. i. fall frequently or /// 

whakataka, v. t. 1. throtv down; 
cause to fall off. 2. muster; 
assemble. Kua riro a Te Horo 
ki te whakataka taua. 3. sur- 
round. Katahi te hokowhitu 
ra ka whakataka i taua whare, 
a, taka noa (41). v. i. take a 
circuitous course. E whakataka 
ana te ara konihi a Te Puhi- 
huia (170). 

whakataka-riri, a. 1. rousing 
indignation : vexatious. 2. vex- 

whakataka, n. herd. Ka taki- 

rau nga kararehe i te whaka- 
taka kotahi. 

II. Taka, t. t. 1. prepare. Ma 
nga pononga e taka he kai. 

2. taka whakaaro, raahara &c. 
entertain a design : propose. Ka 
taka a WHakatau i te mahara 
kia haere ia ki te takitaki i 
te mate o tona tuakana (40). 

takataka, v. t. mahe readi/. 

III. Taka, v. i. lie in a heap. 
taka, n. heap. Me huihui a ta- 

tou kumara kia kotahi te taka. 

I. Taka, n. batten which covers 
the outside of the joint of the 
rauawa of a canoe. He taka to 
waho, he paewai to roto. 

II. Taka, v. t. fasten a fishhook 
to a line. Katahi a Maui ka 
taka i tana matau (20). 

taka, n. thread by which the hook 
is fastened to the line. 

Takaawhe, a. circuitous. He ara 

Takahe, v. i. go wrong; come to 
nothing. Mehemea ka takahe 
ta korua tukunga ki te pakeha, 
katahi ano ka taea te pana i 
te pakeha. 

Takahi, v. t. 1. trample. E ta- 
kahi ana nga tamariki i nga 
kumara. 2. place the foot on 
anything to hold it. Ko te 
wahine tena nana i takahi te 
kauahi, he wahine tapu hoki. 

3. plunder. 4. disobey. Kua 
takahia nga kupu i rongo ra 
ratou (22). 5. intransitively, 
dance. Katahi ra ka takahia 

takahi, n. that part of the trunk 

of a tree which is nearest to 

the ground. 
takahanga, n. 1. circumstance 

&c. of trampling. 2. sole of 

the foot. 
Takahoa, n. companion. 
Takahore, n. 1. widower; widouf. 

2. naked person. 

T&kai — taketake. 


Takai , v. t. 1 . wrap up ; wrap 

round. He mea apoapo e te 

rimu, takai atu, takai mai (IP. i 

2. //•///// round. 
takai, n. wrapper; covering. . 

takatakai, v. t. wi/iff round and ^ 

Takaka, n. 1. common fern;', 

pteris aquilina. Ka mate oku 

waewae i te ngaungu a te ta- . 

kaka. 2. ^fibres in fernroot. j 
Tfikak&u, u. 1. staik: straw. 2.' 

Takahau, a. 1 . free from husi- 

Nfs.s: at leisure. Taihoa c haere, 

kia takakau ; kei haere mahara- 1 

hara te iigakau \^189\ 2. free 

from the marriage tit'. 
T&k&mingdmingd, v. i. turn 

round. Tiikamingomingo ana a; 

raro o te whenua. 
Takaoidi, v. i. writhe; roil. 
TakaongS, v. i. be in want. Ta- 

kaougu noa i ro n<r'iluMo; koi 

kai, koi aha. 
T&k&drS, n. ring m\ uu* U?g of 

a captive bird, to prevent the 

string from cutting it. 
T&k&5riori, v. i. writhe; roll 

over and over. 
Takapap&, v. t dtmhlf ,nt. Ta- 

kapapaa te ket« 
T&k&p&u, n. mat iu Mcep on. 

Hurihanga takapau; conclusion 

of the ^pure" ceremony. Ka hii- 

rihia te hurihanga takapau ; ka 

noa (22). 
takapau, v. t. set free from Uapu , 

Ka takapauria (112\ 
T&k&pa, n. 1. belhj. 1. middle 

of a drag net. 
Takapui, a. going about in com- 
TSkapiikS, v. t. plant iu hilloch. 

Mo takapuke nga piirapura. 
Tfik&rd, a. eager; strenuous. E 

takare ana ahau ki te haere. 
Tak&rekd, a. threatening rain. 

He maraugai, ioa e takareko nei. 

Takariri , whakatakariri. See 

under taka. 
Takarita, v. i. shew resentment. 

Kia ata takarita. 
takaritarita, a. rv.rfd : annoyed. 

I. Takaro, v. i. play : .sport. Pass, 
takarohia; be played with. 

takaro, n. game; play. 

II. Takaro, ad. by and bye; pre- 
sently. Takaro tatou e haere. 

TakarurS, r. t. mention repeat- 
edly. He aha toku ingoa i 
waiho ai hei takaruretanga i ru- 
nga i te ngutu o te tan^ata? 
V. i. become listless. He taka- 
ruretanga mahi, mahue ake. 

T&katapili, n. inlitnate companion 
of the same se.r. 

T&kattl, a. prepared; ready. Ka 
takatu nga tangata ki te haere. 

TSk&U, a. sloping abruptly ; steep. 

T&k&waeng&, u. go-between ; 

T&k&w&i, V. t. anoint. E taka- 
wai ana ia i tona upoko. (R.) 

TSk&w8, V. t sling over the 

T&k&wh&ki, V. i. roam at will. 
Takawliaki ke noa utu nga ta- 
mariki : kaore o noho ki nga 

T&k&whStawhgta, v. i. writhe; 
toss oneself Ka hinga ka ta- 
kawlietawheta nga waewae. 

T&k&wiri, a. twisted. He rakaii 
takawiri; e kore e akoako. 

TSke, V. i. absent oneself. Take 
koanga; whakapiri ngalmru; 
Last at work but finl at the 

T&kS, n. 1. root; stump. 2. post 
for the palisading of a pa. 3. 

taketake, n. 1. lower point of 
the .sail of a canoe 2. stick 
fastened to the end of a setne 
to keep it stretched. 

taketake, a. 1. well founded ; 
Jirm; lasting. He rongo take- 


Takeke -Takitini. 

take. 2. certain ; on good autho- 
I'ity. Katahi matou ka rongo 
taketake ki nga korero mo te 
matenga o nga tangata o Tu- 
ranga. 3. own. He mahi ta- 
ketake nana. 

I. Takeke, guard-Jlsh. 

ir. Takeke, a. altogether acquir- 
ed. Takeke noa nga tini kupu 
raaori i a koutou. 

III. Takeke, v. t. make a net. 
Rokohauga atu e au e takeke 
ana i te kupenga. 

takekenga, n. mesh of a net. i 

Takeketonga, n. a fish. 

Takere, n. heel of a canoe &c. 

taker ekere, n. thread to lash the 
bait on to a fishhook. Ko te 
takai o te mounu, he takere- 

whakatakere, n. 1. bottom of 
deep water; bed of a river. 2. 
stragglers from an army or 
company of travellers. 

Takerehaia, n. open rent in the 
bottom of a canoe; dangerous 
leak Ehara i te aurukowhao; 
he takerehaia. Often applied 
to irretrievable misfortunes. 

Taki, V. t. 1. take to one side; 
take out of the way. Ko nga 
he mua, i urn ano ahau ki 
roto : ko tenei he, me taki au 
i toku tinana ki uta. 2. take 
food from the Jire. Ka maoa 
nga kai na: takina. 

I. Taki, V. t. 1. track; tou> with 
a line from the shore. 2. be- 
gin or continue a speech. Ka 
takina e Raharuhi ana korero 
ki nga korero o era rangi, 3. 
challenge. Takina te taua. 4. 
intransitively, make a speech. 
Kei rnnga ko Hotunui e taki 
ana ; Haere mai e taku tamaiti ; 
haere mai ki Hauraki (139). 

takitaki, i. v. t. 1. recite a song 
&c. Ka takitakina ona puha. 
2. provoke. Ka takitakina kia 

pamaro ai te haerenga mai ki 
waho te rua (151). 3. trace 
out; look for. 4. avenge. E 
haere ana ki te takitaki i te 
mate o tona papa. ii. v. i. 1. 
rise. Ka takitaki mai nga ka- 
wainga o te ata. 2. dawn. Ka 
takitaki mai te ata. 

takitaki, n. fence. 

whakataki, v. t. 1 . conduct. Maku 
koe e whakataki, kia tika ai 
to haere. 2. begin or continue 
a speech. 3. go in search of; 
trace out. Ka haere taua ki 
te whakataki i taku kotiro 

II. Taki, or tataki, ad. 1. giv- 
ing a distributive force to nu- 
merals. Takirua, by twos; two 
at a time. 2. denoting that 
what is said applies to each 
one individually. Kua taki- 
maumau (150); they were every 
one of them caught. 

Takiekie, n. a kind of eel. 

Takihi, n. kidney. 

Takira, u. the moon on the ni- 
neteenth day. 

Takiri, v. t. 1. untie; loosen. 
Hutia te punga, takiritia hoki 
nga ra (70). 2. disengage the 
fibre of Kei te takiri 
whitau. 3. free from Uapu\ 
He takiritanga kainga. 4. draiv 
away suddenly. Ka takiritia 
mai te taha i roto i te wai 
(91). v.i. \. start convulsively ; 
fly back as a spring. 3. rush; 
charge. Kia paia te takiri. 4. 
dawn. Ka takiri te ata. 

Takirikau, n. a variety of phor- 
mium tenax, the fibre of which 
is disengaged without the use 
of a shell. See tihore. 

Takitaro, a word denoting a short 
lapse of time. Kia takitaro 
taua ka haere. JVe will go in 
a little while. See taro. 

Takxtini, ad. in crowds. Kaore 

Takitiiri — Takurutu. 


i lupu Ngatimaua; papa taki- ' T&ku, a. slow. He taku te haere 
tini i te autaia te takatakahi. i o te tangata ra: te hohoro te 

Takituri, n. death-watch beetle. \ aha. 

Takiura, n. sacred food : cooked j tatakii, v. t. utter slowly or de- 
011 the occasion of the removal liberately. Tau mahi he ata 
of the bones of the dead. tataku marire i te kupu. 

T&kiwa, n. i/iterral of space, or tat&kii, v. t. threaten behind one^s 
time. back. Kei te takuna koe e 

takiwa, v. i. be separated by an i Turi kia patua. — Kei te takuna 
in terra I. Ka takiwa noa mai I e Turi he mate mou. 

te iwT ra ilTP. 

takutaku, v. t. 1. threaten. 2. 

Tako, n. palate; gums. 

Tak5, a. 1. loose. He tako noa 

te aka o te taiepa nei; kaore 

i mau. 2. peeled off. Ka tako 

\v liiako. 
Tak^hl^ a. 1 . spread about ; scat- 1 

tered. Kei te takoha noa atu , 

nga mea o roto o te whare.— | T&kii&tS, v. i. sigh. 

recite incantations. Haere ki 
te ruku ka takutaku ai u 
koe ki te uri o Tuwharetoa 
T&ku&hi, n. stones let into the 
tioor of a hut as a fender for 

Ka takuate 

He takohatanga mahi, a dispers- ! noa iho a roto i a ia i te aroha. 
ifig from work. 2. free from I T&kilhS, a. secure ; without ap- 
fear or suspicion. Kaliore he prehension. Xa reira ka takuhe 
maharahara o tera takiwa; ta- 1 te haere; na reira ka maheu 
hoka noa atu nga whakaaro. te haere. Compare takoha and 

T&k6h§, a. not hurried E wha- 1 takohe. 

katakolie haere ana 17 0^. Pom- T&kung&, n. I. food of indiffc- 

\)dTc takuhe. rent i/uality. He takunga ra 

TSk5hii, n. mist, ili- tukuhii iiuu | enei kai; he takunga parae. 2. 

moana, he tohu marine. 
T&kdki, a. sprained. Ka takoki 

toku waewae. 
Tak6r&, n. small kumarn. 
Takdrii, :i. hani^in'j. in fttlds : 

T&kdt6, V. I. it* . \. lakolu iiiai 

ra to pukapuka. 
whakatakoto, v. t. 1. lay down. 

ground; pretext. Kia ai ho 
takunga ka haere ai. WHai 
takunga ki, hare a claim on, for 
services rendered &c. Engari 
a Piwaka, i wliai fakunc^a ki a 
T&kupd, a, univi. ill t'U.sf. Kei 
te whakatakupc matou e noho 
nei; kaore he whakaohooho. 

2. plant an ambuscade. 3. wha- ; T&kiipll, a. short. Me kokoti 

katakoto tupuna^ recite genea' nga manga kia takupu. 

logics. T&ktirtia, n. 1. Sirius; the dog- 

whakatakoto, n. ambu.scade. star. 2. winter. Mahia he kai 

takotokoto, n. sprit of a sail. I mo tau; mahia he wahie mo 

Takou, n. red ochre; a variety, 
obtained from yellow earth by \ 
burning. Ano i taia ki te ta- 
kou 80 whero (16). 'T&kurutii, a. feeble; sluggish. 

TSkil, pron. my. pi. Sku. See, Kia ata haere tatou i nga ta- 
a, pre]). Tftku, is equivalent! kurutu. Let us go gently on 
to toku. I account of the feeble ones, i.e. 

takurua. He riri takurua, a 
winter quarrel, i.e. one of no 


TSkfttSi— TSnik6. 

the women & children. He 
wahie takurutu, firewood that 
will not blaze. 

Takutai, n. sea- coast. 

Tama, n. son; eldest son. Te 
tama a Eehua, ko Kaitangata. 

tamatama, v. t. treat with marks 
of disgust. Ka taraatamatia te 
wahine whakarawai. 

whakatamatama, v. i. be above 
doing a thing; be too proud. 
Katahi ano te taugata whaka- 
tamatama ki te taka kai. 

Tamaahii, v. t. remove the ^tapu^ 
from a kuraara ground before 
taking up the crop. Katahi 
ka tamaahutia te kai. — Tututu 
kai-kore; tamaahu kai nui. 

tamaahu, n. firsffruits of kumara. 

Tamaaroa, n. son. 

Tamahana, v. t. cook a second 
time ; warm up cooked food. 

Tamahme, n. daughter, plural 

Tamaiti, n. child, only used in 
the singular, plural tamariki. 

Tamaka, n. round cord platted 
iviih five strands (150). 

Tamaki, v. i. start involuntarily. 

Tamanga-kotore, 1. youngest 
child in a family. 2. next 
youngest brother or sister. 

Tamaoka, a. cooked. Kia koro- 
huhutia, kia tamaoka iho ka 


whakatamarahi, v. i. boast one- 
self; act proudly. 

Tamarainara, a. swaggering. 

whakatamaramara, v. i. 1 . strut ; 
swagger. WHakatamaramara 
ana te haere a te tangata ra. 
2. expostulate. I a ia i roto i 
te wai, ka whakatamaramara 
mai, ka mea mai, 'A tama ra, 
waiho an i Hikurangi (111). 

Tamariki, n. 1. child; (opposed 
to adult). Waiho kia takaro 

ana, he tamariki hoki u ana. 

2. plural for tamaiti, children. 
Tamatea, n. the sixth, seventh^ 

eighth and ninth days of the 

moon's age, called respectively 

tamatea- tu-ta hi, tamatea-tu-rua, 

tamatea- tu-tomt, and tamatea-tu- 

Tamau, v. t. fasten. Tamautia 

rawatia te whare; kei waiho 

kia tuwhera. 
Tame, and tametame, v. i. 1. 

.smack the lips. 2. eat. 
tame, n. food. 
Tamene, v. i. be assembled. Kua 

tamene mai nga tamariki. 
Tami, V. t. 1. press down with 

a weight. Aua te tamia te 

rahurahu, kei pirau te kapura. 

2. repress. I tamia ra hoki e 
ia taku korero. 

Tamoe, v. t. 1. press flat. E 
tamoe ra i te rauaruhe. 2. 
.smother; repress. Tukua kia 
puta te korero; aua e tamoea. 

3. leave for a long time in the 
process of cooking. Tamoea ta 
tatou poaka kia maoa ai. 

tamoe, n. kumara used in the 

'tamaahu' ceremony. 
Tamomi, y. i. be engulphed. Kua 

tamomi te tangata ki te hu. 
Tam^uimiii, v. i. throng; crowd 

Tamiimu, v. i. hum. 
Tamiire, n. snapper; a lish. 
Tana, pron. his; her; its. plural 

ana. See prep. a. 
Tana, n. ton. 
Tane, a. male. 
tane, n. husband. Kahore ano a 

Tangotango i mohio ko Tawhaki 

tenei, ko tana tane (51). 
Tanea, v. i. be choked. 
Tanekaha, n. phyllocladus tricho- 

manoides ; a tree. 
Tanewha, v. i. lie. (R.) 
Taniko, n. ornamental border of 

a mat. Kahu taniko (155). 

T&niwhS — TSngd. 


Taniwha, n. a fabulous reptile ' Tangaroamiia , n. iwenty-third 

supposed to reside in deep wa- day of the moon's age. 

ter. ' Tangar6ar6t6, n. twentij- fourth 

Tanoe, v. i. be sprained. He ta- j daii of the moon's age. 

noe toku mate. | Tangata, n. man; human being. 

Tanoni, v. i. be sprained. Kua He tangata ano i reira, ko uga 

tanoui toku waewae. tangata wheuua ake ano o te- 

Tanu, T. t. 1. bury. I tanumiai nei motu (123). 

ki roto ki nga hutinga huru- ' tangata- tawhito , water hea or 

hum manu (95). 2. plant. pitkeko. 

Tanuku, v. i. I. crumble Jown. TangatakimOrl , a. small; in- 

2. swallow saliva. tanuku signijicanl. Kahore i tangata- 

ana te korokoro i te wohi. kimori te putanga raai o taua 

T&numi, V. i. disappear behind hau. 

an object. Kua tanumi ki tua. I T&ngSo, n. tetranthera calicaris, 
tanumi, v. t. fold double. I a tree. 

Tanga, v. i. be assembled. Tanga I tangeo, a. acrid. Taugeo tonu 

kau nga tamariki a Rewa. See : te tare nei. 

also under ta. ' TangSrS, n. keel of a canoe &c. 

Tanga. ' T&ngi, v. i. 1. cry; g ire forth a 

t&tanga, a. tfuicA. Me whaka- 
rite nga hoe kia rite rawa, kia 
tatanga ai tatou te puta ki waho 

t&ng&t&xig&, a. 1. loose: not tight. 
Ka tangatanga nga pou o te I 
whare. 2. easy: free from pain. \ 
Ko toku tinana ka tangatanga ; | 
kei aku waewae anake te ma- 

TaDg&eng&e, a. umbilical cord, j 

Tangahang&h&, n. a fish. I 

sound. E tangi he pu i nga 
po katoa, ko au tena (131). 
2. weep: utter a plaintive cry, 
as a token of grief. Haere 
ana te wahine ra ki tahaki ta- 
ngi ai (83). 3 sing a dirge 
or lament 4. rry as a token 
of affection. Kia ata tangi ta- 
tou kei rongo mai aku hua (97). 
5. salute. Kahore ana kupu 
mai, ko te tangi kau mai; hcoi 

T^ngai, n. 1. bark; peel. 2. Ctfr- i tangi, n. 1. sound. Te tangi o 
viral verlebrof. | nga pu a Tutanekai (130). 2. 

T&ng&nSi, ad. (used by R. for j lamentation. Katahi ka whaka- 
tena ko tenei) but now; but as \ huatia iho e te tungane tana 
for this. j tangi (34). Tangi-a-tahu, dirge. 

TSngangfiL a. loose: not tight. \^^^«^ ^- i- J'^^^f^'^ '"''/'•• ^ 

tanganga, n. .stragglers; ^«,;,^ , whakatanp, v. t ra^.v. /o .W 

followers. Hokowhitu te iho I ^^ whakatanpi au i taku ko- 

te taua; ma te tanganga ka 


TSng&ngao, v, i. subside. 

tangangao te ngaru. 
T&ng&r&, a. Avoxr. 
TSng&rc, a. angiij. 
whakatangarengare, v. i. grow 


auau ^701. 
whakatangitangi, n. a species 
I of metrosidcros. 
jTangitS, v. i. lie. E tangi ta mai 

T&ngo, V. t. 1 . take up ; take in 
tht' hand. Ka tango ia i te- 
tahi hua o taua rakau, ka pa- 
nga iho (16). 2. take away; 


tat ango — Tapanihi. 

remove. Tangohia te puru o te 
whatitoka, o te matapihi (47). 

tatango, v. t. snatch one from 
another. E tatango ana nga 
tamariki i te kakahu. 

tangotango, v. t. handle; have 
recouj'se to; use. Tena, tango- 
tangohia etahi o a koutou ka- 
rakia (158). 

tangohanga, u. 1. circumstance 
&c. of taking. 2. hetrothal; 
marriage. 3. feast given on | 
occasion of betrothal or mar- 

tangotango, n. rail of a fence. 

Tangongo. a. thoroughly ripe or 
cooked; soft. 

Tangoro, a. 1. loose. 2. not dis- 
tended ; not full. Tangorongoro 
noa te kete nei. 3. having the 
skin loosened ; blistered. Ka ta- 
ngorongoro a roto o toku reke- 

Tangoriingoru, a. thoroughly ripe 
or cooked; soft. 

TangoungQu, a. thoroughly ripe. 

Tangiiru, a. deep-toned; gruff. 
He reo tanguru. 

I. Tao, n. spear. 

II. Tao, V. t. cook in a native oven. 
Ka patua nga kuri e rua, ko- 
tahi i taona (112). v. i. con- 
tain food in process of cooking. 
Ka tao te hangi tapu (173). 
WHakataona ta tatou umu. 

tatao, V. i. 1. remain a long time 
in the process of cooking. Te 
tatao te umu nei; te hukea. 
2. lie flat and close. Te kohu 
e tatao ana i runga i te whe- 
nua. 3. be deep. Kia tatao 
tonu te ono o te kopura. 4. 
droop. Ka tatao te tuara; ka 
mate. 5. bleed at the nose. 
Ka tatao taku ihu. — E tama, 
he ihu tatao koe. 

Taokete, n. man's brother-in-law ; 
woman's sister-in-law. 

Taone, n. town. 

Taopiiku, v. t. cook anything 
wrapped up in leaves &c. 

taopuku, n. leaves which food is 
wrapped in for cooking. 

Taonga, n. property ; treasure. 

Taoroa, n. long spear. 

Taorii, a. soft; yielding. Taoru 
kau ana te puku. 

taoruoru, a. boggy. 

Taotii, n. wounded man. Toko- 
ono i mate rawa; tokotoru nga 

Tapa, n. margin; edge. 

Tapa, V. t. 1. call; name. Koia 
i tapaa ai toku ingoa e te iwi 
nei ko Tatau (46). 2. com- 

tapatapa, v. t. call by the name 
of any one. 

Tapa, V. t. pulverize soil. Kei te 
tapa te mara o Paratene. — Me 
te mara tapa te moana. 

Tapa, a. chapped. Ka tapatia te 

Tapae, v. t. 1. lay one on ano- 
ther; stack. Ma wai e tapae 
nga witi ki te whakapu? 2. 
place before a person; present. 
Tapaea he kai ma te manuhiri. 

! V. i. lie in a slanting position. 

\ Tapahi, v. t. cut; chop. 

tapatapahi, v. t. cut to pieces. 

Tapai, n. part of a net which is 
first put into the water. Kia 
whiti atu te tapai ki ko. 

Tapairii, n. 1. first-born female 
in a family. 2. nephew or niece. 

Tapaki, n. mats or leaves on which 
food is laid in a native oven. 
Ka kohia ki te tapaki nga kai 

Tapakiiri, n. basket. 

Tapakuwha, n. 1. present given 
by a bridegroom to the bride^s 
relations. 2. woman introduced 
into a family by marriage. 

Tapanihi, v. i. go stealthily; go 
on one side. Tapanihitia to ta- 
tou haere kei kitea. 

Tapap& — tapiri. 


Tapapa, v. i. 1. stoop. Kia ta- i Tapena, v. t. insult or irritate 
papa te haere. 2. lie flat. 3. au 'atua' by passing food over 
brood; sit. E tapapa nei te ti person who is *tapu'. Ko 

raanu i runga i nga hua. 
Tapararo, n. north wind. 

wai te tohunga i tapenatia e 
koc ki nga kai na. 
Taparenga. v. t. muzzle. Tapa- 1 TS.p§pa, v. i. totter ; falter. Kua 
rengatia te waha o te kuri. tapepa te waewae; mcake hi- 

Taparii, v. t. 1 . Join : add. Ta- 1 nga. 

paru iho, taparu iho nga ta- j TapSpe, v. i. 1 . slip ; stumble. Ko 
hua te kai. 2. eat voraciously, i te wahi tenei e tapepea nei. 
Kaiia e taparua te kai. I 2. make a mistake in repeating 

Taparuru, a. slow. Aua e tapa- i a karakia. 3. speak indistinctly 
rurutia te haere. or inarticulately. He reo ta- 

T&patahi, a. 1 . not doubled. He pepe. 
kakahu tapatahi. 2. having one \ T&pSr$^ a. 

aspect; single. \ He whare tapere, a house used 

Tapat&i, u. sea shore. Kci te ' for meetings of the ^hapu. Ka 

tapatai c tupu ana. huihui nga whare tapere (131). 

Tapatapauin&, n. coprosma gran- TapSru, v. i. pout. He aha nga 

diftilin, a tree. ngutu o te wahine e taperu 

Tap&tu, V. t. thatch ; cover in a i mai na ? 

roof. Kei te tapatu a Pikai i i T&pl, n. native oven. 
tona whare. tSpipi, n. small native oven. 

T&p&tu, V. i. reach the bottom. T&pi, v. t. patch; mend. Tapia 
Kia tapatu ki raro ka tahuri to tatou waka. 
ai ki te tunu kai. tapitapi, v. t. 1. get together the 

Tapau, n. mat to lie on. remains of a scattered array. 

2. murmur at ; find fault with. 
I tapitapia ahau e to tangata 
T&piki, V. t. 1. lay hold of. Ka- 
tahi ka tapikitia e ia tana aho 
(21). 2. bind into a sheaf or 
bundle, v. i. 1. be entangled. 
Ka tapiki te kupenga. 2. bend 
the leg \XA in stepping over 
anything. Tapiki ton waewao 
ki tua o te rakau na. 
tapiki, n. sheaf; bundle. 
TSpik6, V. t. set a trap. 1 he to 
tapikotanga o to tawhiti. 

T&paw&h&t n. tattooing on the 

T&pdh&, n. rind; bark. 
tapeha, a. false. 
whakatapeha, v. t. 1 . falsify ; \ 

pervert. I whakatapehatia ke- ! 

tia e ia te ahua o nga korero. 

2. gii^ the lie to. I whaka- 
tapehatia ra e to Mokena a Ma- 

tete : i kiia ra to arero, he arero 


I. T&p§k&, V. i. turn aside. Ko- 
tahi to wahi i tapekatia. 

tapeka, a. false; erroneous. 

II. T&pSk&f V. t. turn up clothes Tapipi, see under tapi. 
that they may not be an im- 1 TSpiri, v. t. join; add; append. 
pediment in travelling. Ko nga i tapiri, n. 1, anything added or 
weruweru, he mea tapeka ki j appended. 2. vigorous shoot 
riinga i te kaki (146). | growif/g up beside the mam stem 

Tapdk5, v. i. be gone, or comef of a plant. Ka tupu nga ta- 

lea\nng none behind. Kua ta- 
pcke atu nga tangata. 

pin o te karaka nei. 



TSpoa— taratara. 

Tapoa, n. abscess. 

Tapoi, V. i. be travelled round, 
Kua tapoi i a au te motii nei. 

Tapokere, v. t. croivd with work- 
men. Tapokeretia mai ta taua 
mara kia awe te oti. 

Tapoko, V. i. 1. go in; enter. 
Ka pari te tai, katahi ka manu, 
a ka tapoko ki Hauraki (189). 
2. sink in mire. 

tapokopoko, a. soft; boggy. 

Tapora, y. t. collect inanga &c. 
info small baskets , readj' for 

tapora, n. baskets in which ina- 
nga are cooked. E rua nga 
tapora paruparu a te tangata 
nei; pan katoa (190). 

Tap6r§, v. i. 1. bend; sag. Ka 
tap ore nga heke o te whare 
nei. 2. become faint. Tapore- 
pore ana taku manawa i te hia- 

Tapoto, n. a variety of phormium 
tenax , called also tihore and 

Tapotii, T. i. reach the bottom of 
a hill &c. ; reach to the ground ; 
be brought down to the water. 
He kakahu tapotu. — 'Toia Tai- 
nui, tapotu ki te moana'. 

Tapou, a. dejected; downcast. Te 
titiro koe, he morehu, kei te 
tapou tou nga whatu. 

Tapii, a. 1. under religious or 
superstitious restriction, as chiefs, 
tohunga, newly built - houses, 
canoes &c. Any one violating 
this restriction contracted a *hara' 
and was certain to be visited 
with some great calamity. 2. 
beyond one^s power. Tokowha 
ona hoa i kainga katoatia e 
ia: kotahi i tapu, ko Tawhiri 
(7). 3. sacred; holy. 

taputapu, n. 1. goods; property. 
2. applia?iccs. E mahi ana te 
hunga i noho i runga i a ra- 

tou nei taputapu, i te karakia 
(154). 3. foot of a pig. 

Tapuae, see tapuwae. 

Tapiihi, v. t. 1. nurse; carry in 
the arms. Tapukitia te tamaiti 
nei, kei tangi. 2. tend in sick- 
ness or distress. Kei tawhiti 
taku tapuhitanga i a koe e noho 

whakatapuhi, v. t. carry in the 
arms; nurse. 

I. Tapui, n. 1. intimate compa- 
nion. 2. familiar spirit. Waiho 
iho ona tapui i reira, he patu- 
paiarehe (80). 

II. Tapiii, v. t. lay in a heap. 
He mea tapui nga rakau. 

Tapuke, v. t. bury; cover with 
earth, v. i. he heaped up. Ka 
titiro ki nga pungarehu e tapu- 
kepuke ana (186). 

Tapukorako, n. a bird. 

Tapuni, v. t. close up faulty places 
in a net. Tapunia te kupenga. 

Tapuwae, n. \. footmark. 2, foot- 
step; tread. Ka haruru nga 

Tara, n. 1. point; spear -point. 
Ka whati tana tara (33). 2. 
peak of a mountain. Te tara 
ki Tautari. 3. .spines in the 
dorsal fin of a fish. 4. rays 
of the sun, appearing before 
sunrise. Puta rawa mai te tara 
te ra, kei runga o Pouarua 
e haere ana (144). 5. papillce 

I on th^ skin. 6. courage; mettle. 
He tangata whai tara. 7. mem- 

! brum virile. 8. sterna fron- 

I talis ; tern ; a sea bird. 9. side- 

i wall of a house. 

I tara, v. i. throw out rays, as the 

I sun just before rising, v. t. 

i influence by charms. Ka taraa 

j te rangi. 

i tara, a. Korero tara, fable. 
taratara, n. 1. spine; spike. 2. 
a part of a trap. Te taratara 
te tawhiti. 

taratara -TarS. 


taratara, a. prickly; rough. 

tatara, n. 1. rough mat made 
from the leaves of kiekie. 2. 
shell used as a wind instru- 
ment; called also pu-tatara. 3. { 
fence. 3. a shrub. 

whakatara, v. t. 1. challenge; 
put on nne*s mettle. 2. stimu- 
late hy entreaty, Ka whaka- 
taraa to atua (112). 

whakataratara, v. t. make rough ; I 

Tara. 1 

t&tara, a 1. loose; untied. 2.! 
distant. He mea nei te tane j 
ka tatara ki tawhiti. | 

Tarahang&, n. X.fork of a tree.! 
2. indentation. 3. trap for, 
hawks &c. 

T&r&h&u, n. a rough mat 

T&r&h§kg, n. a plant 

T&r&hi, 11. diarrhoea. 

Tarahono, v. t. pile up; lay in 
n heap. Tarahonotia nga kai 
ki te kaainga. 

Taraha, v. t heat a native oven. 
Tarahuna te tapi. 

tarahu, n. native oiwu. 

Tarai, v. t. chop with an adze. 
Ka tarai ano nga tangata ra i 
to mtou waka (51). 

Tar&i, n. basket of fern-root. Ka 
rua tekau nga tarai roi. 

Tar&ird, n. nesodaphne laraire: 
a tree. 

Tarake, v. l. clear off'; sweep 
away. Tarakea nga otaota. 

Tar&kihi, n. a fish. 

Tar&kini, a. held by the point. 

T&r&koi, n. a kind of grass. 

T&rakura, n. a cutaneous disease. 

TaramarO, n. a kind of grass. 

Taramea, n. ; aci- 
p/n/l/a sifitarrosn &c. 

TaramengemSngS , a. crisped ; 

Tar&more, a. lean; shrunk; shri- 

Tv i:\v\T\. n. talent. 

Tarangarara, n. a kind of toe- 

T&rapi, a. rcry small and Jine^ 
as threads in a mat. 

whakatarapi, a. fastidious; deli- 

T^apiki, V. i. lie across. E ta- 
rapiki ana nga rakau nei. 

TarapS, n. a large night bird. 

Tarapunga, n. a bird. 

T&r&r&u, V. i. make a loud con- 
fused noise. Tararau ana tera 
te waha o te tangata. 

TlUrto, n. whirligig. 

Tar&r5, n. mass of mashed food. 
He tararo pipi. 

T&rariia, a. 1. having two points 
or peaks. 2. cleft. 

T&r&t&j n. piltosporum eugenioides ; 
a tree. 

Tarau, n. trow.sers. 

TSr&u, V. t. paddle sideways. Ta- 
rautia atu te waka kia piri ki 

TSr&u, n. condiment; relish. Ho- 
mai te koura nn hoi tarau mo 
a tana puwha. 

T&r&uh6, n. heart oi a tree. 

Tarauin&, n. chest; thora.i:. 

T&r&w&, V. t. hang upon a line 
or rail. 

tarawa, n. line or rail on which 
anything is hung. 

T&r&wShi, n. side or bank of a 
river, valley &c. Kei tera ta- 
rawahi te kaainga. 

T&r&wai, n. uneven in the ho- 
rizon line at sea. WHaka- 
tarawai ana te waka, the canoe 
is like a speek on the horizon. 

Taraw§r&, n. a plant. 

T&rawSti, a. hostile. Nona hoki 
te taraweti ki a au. 

whakataraweti, v. t. treat as an 
enemy. Ehara au i te pakeha, 
kia whukatarawetitia rawatia au 
i- koutou. 

T&r&whiti, n. hoop. 

TarS, V. i. 1. hum:. 1'^ tare mai 


whakatatare — Taroa. 

ra i ruuga i te taiepa. 2. gasp \ 
for breath, E tare ana a Po- 
topoto i te mamae. — Tare ana | 
taku poho. — Ka oma, ka tare- j 
tare te manawa. 

whakatatare, or whakataretare, 
y. i. sloop or lean forward in 
order to look at anything. , E 
whakataretare iho ana i runga 
i nga pakiaka o te rakau kia 
kite i a te Kanawa (180). 

Tareha, n. ochre. 

Tarehii, v. t. cover with earth; 
burxj. Tarehutia atu nga kai 
na ki te oneone. 

Tarehu, ad. at unawares. Mamae 
ana te ngakau ki o tatou hoa 
e patua tarehutia mai nei e 

Tarei, for tarai. See tarai. 

Tareka, a. eager; strenuous. 
Compare takare. 

Tareke, n. small edge tool. 

Tarenga, v. t. cover tip. Me ta- 
renga noa a tatou mea ki te 

Tareparepa, v. i. flap in the wind. 
Tukua te ra kia tareparepa. 

Tarerarera, v. i. be torn. Ta- 
rerarera ke, he wahi ano, he 
wahi ano. 

Tarewa, a. 1. raised up. Ha- 
painga kiatarewa ki runga. 2. 
afloat. 3. hanging. 4. droop- 
ing; trailing. Ka tarewa te 
tupu te kapana. 5. declin- 
ing. Ka tarewa te ra. 6. aghast. 
Ka tarewa nga kanohi. 7. un- 
settled : not paid for. He mea 
mamae te taonga tarewa : kia ea 
ano ka ora te tangata. j 

I. Tari, V. t. carry. Taria atu 
nga rakau nei ki ko. 

II. Tari. 

taritari, t. t. provoke a quarrel. 

whakatari, v. t. 1. provoke a 
quarrel. 2. incite; stir up. E 
whakataritari ana i a Te Ka- 
hureremoa kia whakatika ki ru- 

nga ki te haka (145). 3. ex- 
pose to chastisement. Nau ano 
koe i whakatari i mate ai. 

III. Tari. 

tatari, v. i. wait. Ka tatari te 
manuhiri nei ki te tangata o 
te ahi nei kia hoki mai (186). 
Pass, taria, be waited for. Ko 
koe e taria nei e Kohere ma. 
Taria is also used as an adverb, 
by and bye; after a time. Ta- 
ria nei he mate e pa mai ki 
a Tu (6). See also tatari. 

IV. Tari, n. 1. a mode of platt- 
ing with eight strands. 2. noose 
for catching birds. Ka hangaa 
he tari, a ka hoatu ka potaeria 
ki tona upoko (33). 

Tarikarakia, n. a method of 
platting (19). 

Taringa, n. 1. ear. 2. derivative 
from tari. See I. Tari. 

taringa, a. deaf; obstinate. Ta- 
ringa noa iho ki te ngare a te 
hunga rahaki (23). 

Taringa, n. circumstance of wait- 
ing. See tatari under III. Tari. 

Tarioi, v. i. loiter. E kiia atu 
ana Haere; e tarioi tou na. 

Taro, n. 1. colocasia antiquorum ; 
a plant cultivated for food. 
"Kei ranga noa te taro a Kea", 
is a proverb for attempting im- 
possibilities , 'te taro a Kea' 
being a large stone at Taipo- 
rutu near Table Cape. — Taro 
hoia; a large variety of taro. 
2. bread. 

Taro, a word denoting the lapse 
of a short interv^al of time. A, 
ka taro ; and after a little while. 
— Taro ake; in a little ivhile. — 
Taro kau iho (188); in a very 
short time. — Kihai i taro (162); 
not long after. 


tarotaro, v. t. cut one's hair. Kua 
oti koe te tarotaro. 

Taroa, n. 1. a variety of phoj'- 

Tar5i — Tatai. 


niiuni tenajT, the same as wha- 
rnnui. 2. self-sown potato. 

Taroi, v. t. 1. tie up in a *kete'. 
He utu mo te kai taroi kapana. 
2. calm. Ka taroia te raoana. 

Taroma, a. soft; flaccid. Ka ta- 
roma noa nga pititi nei. 

Tarona, v. t. stranp:le. Waiho 
mana ano ia c tarona (lo9\ 

Tar6r§, v. t. put into a noose; 
strangle. Ko wai he matua 
moil , kia taroro koo i toku 
kaki r 

Tarori. v. i. pass airai/ t/uickli/; 
disappear. Me te wai c tarori 

Taru, n. 1. i^rass; herbage. 2. 
disfuse. Taru-tawliiti, influenza^ 
supposed to be of foreign origin. 

tarutaru, n. grass. 

T&rii, a. other (indefinit«ly\ Ka 
haere ka toro i taru kaainga. 

Tarua, v. t. 1. tattoo a second 
time. 2. repeat any process. 

Tfirua, ad. by and bye. Perhaps 
for taria. 

T&riih&e, a. jealous. 

Taruk§, n. trap for crayfish. 

Taruke, v. i. 1. press along im- 
patiently ; hurry. Katalii ka 
tan to kuri nei, ka taruke ki 
te rere ki te wai (120). 2. 
lie dead in great numbers. 

tarukenga, n. slaughter. 

Tarun&, v. i. be connected by fa- 
mily ties, friendship &c. Na 
te huanga matoii i tiinina ai 
ki a Takirau. 

whakataruna, v. i. be connected. 
Xa taku wahine au i whaka- 
taruna ai ki Ahuriri. 2. .nerve 
as a bond of connection ; serve 
as a pretcrt. 

T&rupi, n. fresh growth of trees 
on land that has been cleared. 

T&rur6, v. i. I. become loose or 
unfij-ed. 2. quail: lose heart. 
Kua tarure te Hauhau, kua ma- 
taku. 3. become listless. Iff 

tarure tanga mahi. 4. languish ; 
he pursued with diminished vi- 
gour. Kia Uirure tc riri a Wai- 
kato raua ko te pakeha. 

Tarurii, v. t. 1 . beguile. I tarurua 
e nga korero maha. — entice. I 
maka he koura ki ro wai hei 
taruru mo te ika. 2. shal>e or 
rub together. Tarurutia nga 
riwai na kia ngahoro te nga- 

Taruru, a. close together. 

TarQrtl, a. shaking. No reira 
ano te taruru haere nei. 

Tariitawhiti, n. influenza. 

Tariitu, v. t. Jerk violently. Ma 
tona kaha a ia ake ano e taru- 
turutu (159). 

TStS, n. 1. stalk of a plant. 2. 

T&t&, a. 1. near of place or time. 
K tata koe ki uta, e oioi te 
ika, e rere ki te taha katau 
(36). — Kia tata ki te awatea 
ka hoki iho ki te purupuru i te 
wharo (47). 2. sudden. WHa- 
whati tata te panga mai o te 

tSt&t&, a. near. ECia tatata mai 
nga tangata ka karanga ui. 

t&t&t&, n. a kind of mat. 

T&tS, see under ta. 

TfitSekd, n. a bird. 

Tatahau, v. i. \. be fierce; be 
violent. Hei wahi ke korua 
tatahau ai. 2. be stormy. Akua- 
nei pea tatahau ai te rangi nei. 

tiatahau, n. leg. 

TSt&hi, n. the .sea side. Kei ta- 
tahi tena otaota e tupu ana. 

TSt&hi, a. wide apart. He ta- 
tahi rawa nga rakau o te taiepa. 

Tat&i, V. t. 1. measure: compare. 
Tatai a te whare kia tika ai. 
2. tatai rakau, measure weapons ; 
fight. 3. join the component 
portions of a fishing net. Ka 
tukua te tangata ki tc tatai i 
nga kupenga a Marutuahu (1 12). 


tatai — Tau. 

tatai, n. plan ; purpose. He tatai 
pai aku tatai. 

Tatairongo, n. a variety of po- 

Tatakanga, n. derivative from 
tatii; circumstancf, &c. of dash- 
ing- down. See under ta. 

Tatakau, a. having stems or sfa/ks 
onlij : without, fruit. 

Tataki, v. t. arrange snares on 
a string, for catching birds. 

tataki, a. viscous; glairy. Ta- 
taki ana te ware o te mangai. 
2. racy. Tataki ana tera te 
kaki te Eire ki te korero. 

Tataki, ad. distributive. See under 

Tatakino, v. i. hurry on in con- 
fusion. Mua ata haere; muri 

Tatakoto, n. sprit on the lower 
edge of the sail of a canoe. 

Tataku, see under taku. 

Tatanga, see under tanga. 

Tatangi, see under tangi. 

Tatango, see under tango. 

Tatao, see under tao. 

Tatara, see under tara. 

Tatarahake, a. 1. bristling. 2. 
having numerous bare branches. 

Tatarakihi, n. cicada : locust. 

Tataramoa, n. rubus australis ; 
New Zealand bramble. 

Tatari, v. t. strain; sift. 

tatari, n. strainer; sieve. 

Tatari, see under tari. 

Tatariki, n. a small bird. 

Tatau, pron. for tatou; we in- 
cluding the person addressed. 

Tatau, see under tau. 

Tatawhainga, v. i. vie: compete. 

Tatemea, conj. because. 

Tatere, a. 1. moving about; un- 
settled. Tatere tonu taua, te u 
te noho, te aha. 2. loo.^e: un- 
fixed. Ka tatere te pou o te 

Tatou, pron. we; plural, includ- 
ing the person or persons ad- 

dressed, E kore koe e noho 

marire tatou? (14). fVill you 

not remain quietly with us? 
Tatii, V. i. strike one foot against 

the other; stumble. Taku ma- 

hititanga ake, he tatu anake 

toku waewae. 
tatutatu, a. tottering; unsteady. 

Tatutatu kau nga waewae. 
Tatu, V. i. 1. reach the bottom. 

Ka tatu te hoe. 2. be at ease ; 

be content. Ka tatu tona nga- 

whakatatutu, v. t. sound with a 

line. Me whakatatutu ki mua, 

kei eke te kaipuke. 
Tatua, n. girdle. 
tatua, V. t. put on as a girdle. Ka 

whakahua i tana karakia mo 

tona tatuatanga i tana maro (97). 
Taturi, n. wa.v in the ear. 

I. Tau, n. 1. year. Tau tini noa 
e noho ana te ope ra (158). 
2. string of a garment &c. ; 
loop or thong on the handle of 
a %ere' : loop forming the handle 
of a basket. Te tau o te ate; 
a figurative expression for the 
darling of one\s heart. 3. ridge 
of a hill. 

II. Tau, a stra?ige. Used only 
in a few compound words, as tau- 
tangata; tauiwi; tauwhenua &c. 

III. Tau, V. t. sing. Ka tau te 
tini te Hakuturi i tana tau 

tau, n. song. 

IV. Tau, V. i. 1. light; Tau 
i noa atu ia i te matapihi o te 
! whare o Tinirau (33). — E tau 
I mai ana tana titiro. ki a au. 2. 
i lie at anchor or moorings. Ka 
I tae ki te Tihi-o-Manono, tukua 
I iho te punga, e tau ana i reira 
i (60). 3. be suitable; become, 

E kore e tau te kakahu pakeha 
ki a koe. 4. bark. Katahi ka 
tau te kuri nei (120). v. t. 
attack. Ka haere te taua a NGa- 

tatau — Tauhutihuti. 


tiawa ki te tau i te pa o taiia | 
tangata (182). 

tatau, V. t. 1. draw or pnsh a 
sliding board &c. Tauia mai 
ra te papa o taku whare (28). 
2. squeeze; express. Kua ta- 
peke a matou pononga ki te ! 
tatan tawekii. 3. count . Ka' 
tatau ano te wahine ra; tatau I 
rawa iho, e waru ano tare (49). ; 
repeat one hy one. E tauria i 
ana e koe o mtou ingoa (11)., 
4. assault i storm. Ka tauria te | 
pa o te WHakatohea; kihai i 
taea. 5. tie. Tauia to tatou I 
ra. V. i. quarrel. E tatau ana ! 
nga tangata. 

tAtau, n. door, Tuia ake te ta- 
tau kia tuwherfl '66). 

tautau, V. t. //'• /// hunches ; thread 
on a string. Me tautau nga 
kaanga kia maroke ai. v. i. 
howi. Haere taatau ana te kuri 

tautau, n. 1. string or cluster. 
2. greenstone ear-ornament hook- 
ed at the end. 

whakatau, v. t 1. cause to light 
&c. Titiro whakatau, look in- 
tently. Katahi ano taua tangata 
ka titiro whakatau atu. 2. at- 
tempt; try one's hand at. Ka- 
tahi ano tona papa ka whaka- 
tau epa ake (16). 8. imitate. 
Ko wai tau e whakatau uci. 4. 
feign; make believe. 5. go to 
met, or visit. Ka ki ake ki 
ana tamariki kia hoki atu ki 
inaketu ki te whakatau i ana 
whanaunga (78). 6. search; 
fxainine. Ka haere mai ki te 
whakatau i reira. 7. address 
in a formal speech : make a for- 
mal proposal to. Hei ano te 
putako o ta matou korero, he 
whakatau i a koc kia uoho. 

Tfiu, pron. thy. Plural au. Sec 
proposition a. 

Tau, V. i. turn atraif : look in 

another direction. E ta! tau 
ko atu koe? fahuri mai ral 

Taua, pron. dual, we two, includ- 
ing the person addressed; you 
and J. Sometimes used in ad- 
dressing one's own tribe or party. 
E te taua nei, hoi tc po t^ua 
hoe ai (41). 

T&U&, n. hostile expedition ; army. 
Ka rewa te taua a WHakatau- 
potiki (41). 

T&U&, prou. that before mention- 
ed. Plnral aua. Ka hui taua 
iwi ki tc matakitaki (37). So- 
metimes when followed by nei 
it is equivalent to *a certain*. 
Tutaki ana i taua wahine nei 
e wero mauu aua mana (95). 

T&U&, int. give way. 

T&uS, V. i. u^ar mourning gar- 
ment*. E taua ana koe? 

taua* n. sign of mourning for 
the dead. He kakahu taua, a 
mourning dress. 

T&u&i>d, V. t. hug: carry in the 
arms. Tauapohia mai te ta- 
maiti na. 

T&uSr&i, n. screen. 

Tauhanga, sec tauwhanga. 

T&uh&r&, n. odd one; one ha ring 
no fellow. 

Tauhena, see tauwhona. 

TSuhi, V. t. sprinkle. 

T&uhiku, V. i. be in the rear. 

whakatauhiku, v. i. place one- 
self in the rear. Na te toa ia 
i whakatauhiku ai. 

T&uhinu, n. pomadnris phylicifo- 
liuy a slirub. 

tauhinu-korokio; a slirub. 

tauhinu-koromiko ; a shrub. 

T&uhOkai, u. stake in a river to 
which a not is fastened. 

T&uh5u, a. strange; unacquaint- 
ed. Ho tauhou te whenua, he 
tauhou tc tangata (148). 

Tauhou&nga, ii. last year. 

Tauhutihuti, v. t. ////// one luio- 


Taui — taupoki. 

ther's hair. TCei te tauhutihuti 
i a raua. 

Taui, V. i. 1. ehb. Meake taui 
te tai. 2. he sprained. Ka taui 
toku waewae. — Also of a stiff 
neck. Ka taui toku kaki. 

Tauihii, n. figurehead of a canoe. 

Tauira, n. counterpart ; and so 1. 
teacher^ pattern. 2. pupil; copy. 
Ka mauru tona ngakau i te ika 
a tona tauira. 

Tauiwi, n. strange tribe; foreign 
race. Ko Waikato kau tera e 
rere ra; he tauiwi anake e noho 
mai ra. 

Taiika, int. stay; wait a while. 

Taukaea, n. thread used to fasten 
a fishhook to the line. 

Taukahore, int. expressing sur- 
prise. Taukahore ! nga mea nei, 
te pine! 

Taukaka, n. spur of a hill. 

Taukauki, n. spur of a hill. 

Taukawe, n. loop to serve as a 

Tauke, v. i. lie separate. Me 
tauke tena pehanga. 


whakatauki, n. saying; proverb. 

Taukiri, int. expressing surprise. 

Taukoro, n. a large basket. 

Taukorii, a. having the folds fill- 
ed out. I titiro au ki tou ka- 
kahu ka taukoru i te riwai. 

Taukiiri, for taukiri. 

Taumaha, a. heavy. See tai- 

Taumaihi, n. 1. facing boards 
of the gable of a house. 2. 
small tower in a pa. 

Taumanu, n. thwart of a canoe. 

Taumaro, a. obstinate. He tau- 
maro no Tohi te man ai te ro- 

Taumaru, a, shaded Taumaru 
to tatou kaainga. 

Taumata, n. brow of a hill. 

Taumatiia, n. place where the 

'pure' for a kumara plantation 
was performed. 

Taumau, v. i. be betrothed. No 
te itinga tenei wahine i tau- 
mau ai. 

Taunaha, v. t. bespeak. Kei te 
taunaha haere mai a Taikeha 
ma i nga whenua katoa o te 
tahatika (75). 

Taunahua, n. obstacle. 

whakataunahua, forestall in the 
occupation of land. 

Taunii, v. t. jeer. 

Tauniike, n. stalk of fruit. 

Taunga, v. i. 1 . become familia- 
rized; become intimate. Kahoki 
te teretere nei, kua taunga ki 
te kotiro i tukua atu ra e tona 
matua (143). 2. be at home 
in a place; become domesticated. 
Ka taungatia matou ki tenei 

taunga, n. bond of connection 
between families. Ko wai te 
taunga i taunga ai koutou ki 

Taupa, V. t. obstruct; prevent. 
Kihai au i haere; i taupatia au 
e te tangata i te po. 

taupa, n. fat covering the intesti- 
ness ; omentum. 

Taupare, v. t. obstruct; thwart. 
E ngaro nei nga tangata, he 
riri ki a koe, he taupare i a 

Taupatiipatu, v. t. beat one ano- 

Taupe, a. 1. not rigid; weak; 
bending. 2. variable, 

taupe, V. t. bend down. Taupe- 
tia mai te rakau na kia taea 
atu ai e au nga hua. 

j Taupiripiri, v. i. walk arm in 
arm ; or clasping one another 

\ round the waist. 

I Taupo, n. loadstone. 

; Taupoki, v. t. cover ; close with 

j a lid, Taupokina te pouaka. 

I taupoki, n. lid; cover. 

Taupor 6 — whakat aute. 


Tauporo, t. t. bring to an end ; 

cut short. Kua tauporoa te 

tuwha i iiga kai. 
Taupua, v. i. 1. rest; support 

oneself. Ea taupua nga tangata 

ki runga ki te takere o te 

waka. 2. Jloat on the water. 

Ka kau i te moaiia, a, ka nge- 

nge, ka taupua. 3. take breath. 

Kotahi touu te haereuga ake i 

raro, a, taupua rawa atu, i te 

tihi ra ano. 
Taupuhipuhi, v. i. lean one on 

Taupiiru, a. overcast; gloomy. 

He rangi taupuru. 
Taura, a. rope: cord. Taura 

wkakaara, fore stay of a canoe 

Taur&ki, n. drought. 
tauraki, v. t. drif by crposarr to 

the sun. 
Tauranga, n. moorings; place of 

anchorage. See tau. 
T&urangi, a. 1. incomplete, Hei 

aha tc whakaatu tauraugi? 2. 

having completion in prospect. 

Ki taurangi ; promise : plejge. 
Taurap^, n. stern-post of a canoe. 
Taur&pir&pi, v. t. claw one an- 
other : scratch. ' ^ 
T&urarua, n. witchcraft. 

Taurokareka, ) "• '•-«/"'''«"'- 
Taurereka. '"•""'"an'la.'e. 

\ 2. scoundrel. 
T&urSw&j a. 1. having no settled 

habitation. 2. not paid for. 

He taonga taurewa. 
TSuri, n. ornament of feathers on 

a taiaha. 
T&urim&, v. t. entertain. I wa- 

rea ki te tauriraa i tana ma- 

TauritS, a. opposite. Kua tau- 

ritc ki te kaainga o tcnci ta- 

I -ata. 
TaLiru, n. west wind. 
T&urua, n. canoe in which a net 

/v carried. 

Tauriimaruinaki, v. t. duck one 
another in the irater. 

Tautaawhi, v. t. come to the as- 
sistance of; support. 

Tautahi, n. odd one. E waru 
pu tautahi; eight couples and 
an odd one. 

Tautaka, a. topheavy ; unsteady. 
Tautaka ki to tatou waka. 

Tautane, a. Mara tautaue; ku- 
mara ground set apart for the 
atuas to secure their goodwill 
with regard to the rest of the 

T&utapa, V. i. give the word for 
action. Katahi ka tautapa te 
whakaliauhau a te liuuga e tu 
iho ra i te taumata, *E, kua 
ngaro kei roto: kumea' (Ul). 
chaunt a song for the purpose 
of keeping time in any united 
effort. 2. challenge. 1 te tau- 
tapa riri te hunga na ki a au. 
— Riri tautapatapa, single com- 
bat according to previous chal- 

T&ut&ri, n. upright stick in the 
wall of a native house, sup- 
porting the small battens to 
which the reeds are fastened. 

tautari, v. t. fix the tautari. Kei 
te tautari te whare o Tuke. 

Tautan, see under taxi. 

T&ut&uS, a. 1. inactive. Me aha 
i te tautaua o nga tangata o 
tenei kainga? 2. cowardly. Te 
ingoa o tena tautaua, ho to- 

T&ut&uamdaa a. He riri taulau- 
anioa ; a quarrel in which few 
take part. 

T&utS, V. t. 1. prepare fisli for 
cooking. 2. tend; look after. 
Hoki marire atu ki uta nga 
waka o te mano ra, ki uta lioki 
taute ai i a ia (41). Kei muri 
to tangata tetere nei o taute 
ana i a ia. 

whakataute, n. anything that one 


Tau t eka — Tawaro. 

has to attend to; charge. Ko 
ana whakatautaute , ko tana 
wahine, ko ana taraariki ka riro 

Tauteka, n. 1. brace; prop. 2. 
pole on which a weight is car- 
ried between two persons. 2. 
piece of wood used to twist up 
the lashing of anything in order 
to tighten it, 

tauteka, v. t. 1. support with a 
prop. 2. carry o?i a pofe. 3. 
tighten by twisting. 

Tautika, a. even : level. 

tautika, n. boundarij. Ko te tau- 
tika tenei o te kainga. 

Tautimai, int. Welcome! 

Tautinei, v. t. hold up, or sup- 
port a weak person. 

Tautiti, T. t. support an invalid 
in walking. 

Tautiti, V. t. stick into one's belt. 

tautiti, n. belt; girdle. 

Tautohe, v. i. contend; persist. 

tautohetohe , v. i. contend one 
with another. E tautohetohe 
ana nga waka ra. 

Tautohito, n. adept; person of 

Tautoko, V. t. prop up; support. 

Tautoro, v. i. stretch forward; 
extend oneself. 

Tautukii, v. i. 1. stoop; bend 
down. 2. be low, Nekehia ake 
tena ki runga; kei te tautuku 
rawa ki raro. 

Tau ware, v. i. touch without at- 
tracting notice. Heoi ano, tau- 
ware atu nga ringaringa ki ru- 
nga i te pane hokomirimiri ai 

Tau ware, n. 1. thwart of a canoe. 

2. space between two thwarts. 
Tauwehe, v. i. be separated. Ka 

haramai tenei ka tauwehe. 
Tauwhainga, v. i. contend; vie. 

E tauwhainga ana te waka ki 

te poti. 
Tauwhanga, t. t. ////•/• for. Ki 

te tauwhanga i te tangata i 
tarai nei i to ratou waka (51). 

Tauwhare, v. i. overhang. I raro 
i nga tauwharenga kowhatu 

Tauwhatu, n. fishing net. 

Tauwhena, a. of small stature ; 

Tauwheniia, n. strange land. 

Tauwhiwhi, v. i. be entangled. 

Tauwhirowh iro , v. i. Kei te 
tauwhirowhiro te marama: said 
of the moon at the time of the 
change. Compare whiro. 

Tawa, n. nesodaphne tawa ; a tree. 

tawatawa, n. mackerel. 

tawatawa, a. striped like macke- 
rel. Me te anuhe tawatawa 

Tawa, n. ridge. 

Tawae, v. t. 1 . divide ; separate. 
Tawaewaetia te ahi kia ka ai. 
Tawae taro; separate ijoung 
tulters of taro. 2. throjv down 
standing crops. Taku kaanga 
pan katoa te tawae. 

Tawaha, n. bed in a garden. 

Tawaha, a. having an unpleasant 
taste. Ka tawahatia toku ma- 

Tawahi, n. the opposite side of 
a river or valley. E haere 
ana kia whiti ki tawahi o te 
awa (41). 

Tawai, n. canoe without attach- 
ed sides; tiwai. 

Tawai, \. t. Jeer; taunt. Ana 
ra c taAvaia te tangata na. 

Tawai, n. fag us Menziesii, and 
fagus fusca ; trees. 

tawaiwai, n. phyllocladus iricho- 
manoides ; a tree. 

Tawaka, a. grooved; channelled. 

Tawake, v. t. repair a hole in a 
canoe. Tawaketia to tatou waka. 
llau tawake ; piece of wood in- 
serted to stop a hole; patch. 

Tawaro, n. 1. a herb used for 
food. 2. a ti-ee. 

Ta wapo u — Tawhi. 


Tawapou, n. sapota costatn; a 

Taware, v. t- dupe; cajole. He 

taware tana i o tatou raahara. 
Tawari. a. 1. almost broken ojf*; 

//r////^/*//if bi/ the skin &c. 2. 

wearied ; ex/iaasted. 
tawariwari, a. bendinf^ from side 

to side. 
Tawatawa, sco under tawa. 
Tawatu, n. oven of cockles (R.). 
Tawau, a. pnn«^ent ; acrid. Me 

rami ki te wai kia homo ai te 

tawau to panahi. 
tawauwau, n. a Hsh. 
Tawauri, a. dark; black. 
TawSk^, V. t. carry round the neck, 

as clothes &c to keep them 

out of the way in travellinj?. 
taweka, n. incumbrance^ hindrance. 

He aha te tawekaweka i runga 

i a Te Matcher 

I. T&w§kd, V. 1. be all ^one^ or 
come ; be entirely consumed. Ko 
te whakataweketanga tenei o 
nga kaumatua c noho nei. 

II. T&wdk§, V. t. set snares for 
hirds. Tatou ki to taweke i 
a tatou kaha. 

taweke, a. connected hy relation- 
ship, friendship &c. Na wai 
koe i taweke ai ki konei? 

TfiwSku, n. coriaria ruscifolia ; 
a shrub, tiie same as tutu. 

TgwSr&, n. 1. the morning star; 
the planet /r////.t. 2. burnt place 
in a wood Ac. 

Taw§r§wSrS, v. i. hang. 

TSwSrii, n. garment; rag. 

TfiwSwS, V. t. 1. sound with a 
line. 2. examine the bottom of 
the sea or a river by draggingy 
to ascertain its freedom from 
obstructions. Haere, tawewetia 
to taanga mo te kupenga nei. 

Tfiwiri, 1 . a shell-tish. 2. a tree ; 
the same as kohuhu. 3. eel- 
net. 4. cowardice. No reira 
; a mau nei hei tawiri (67). 

Tawha, v. i. bttrst open; crack. 

tawha, n. 1. crack; chasm. 2. 
calabash. Compare taha. 

Tawhai, n. a tree. 

Tawhai, v. i. stretch forth. Kau 
tawhai, stretch forth the arms 
alternately in swimming, v. t. 
imitate; rival. E kore e taca 
te tawhai te whare o NGatitoa. 

Tawhana, a. bent like a bow. 

Tawhao, n. copse wood, 

tawhaowhao, n. drift wood &c. 
cast up by the sea. NGa ta- 
whaowhao o te akau roa (11). 

Tawhara, a. wide apart. Kia ta- 
whara te ko o te mara. 

tawhara, n. fruit of freycinetia 
lianksiiy or kiekie, 

TSwhS,r&r&, a. 1. leaning; slant- 
ing. 2. declining (of the sun). 
Ka tawharara te ra, 

TSwh&r&u, V. t. shelter with bran- 
ches stuck into the ground. Ko 
tona waku, toia ako ki uta ; ta- 
wharautia ake (56V 

TSwh&ril, v. i. bend down in the 
middle; sag. Kci tawharu iho 
to tahuhu. 

TSwh&ti, V. i. ebb. Kua tawhati 

te tai. 
I tawhati, n. valley. 

TSwhd, see taawhe. 


tawhetawhe, n. old garment; rag. 
Kua kore o niatou tawhetawhe. 

TfiwhSnua, n. land wind. 

T&wh6r&, a. open; gaping. Ta- 
wlicra katoa to wacwac o Wai- 

tawhera, u. leaf. 

TawhSro, n. li'einmannia race- 
mosn ; or towai ; a tree. 

Tawheta, v. i. 1. dangle. 2. be 
i listless. 3. lie together; lie in 
I a heap. Ka tawheta nei nga 

; Tfiwhi, see taawhi. 
! T&whi, n. food. E kore e o atu 
te tawhi maori. 



Tawhio — teka. 

Tawhio, v. i. 1. go round about. 
2. be in an out of the way si- 
tuation. He tawhio te kainga 
ki roto. 3. be travelled round. 
Ka tawhio i a ia tera motu. 

Ta whirl, v. t. beckon; wave to. 
Tawhiritia te ope ra kia haere 
mai. 2. bid welcome. E haere 
atu ana te tangata, ka pa te 
tawhiri (139). 3. tvhirl round ; 
wring- the neck by whirling round. 

tawhiri, n. a species of pitto- 
sporum. Ko te tawhiri kua 
oti te whakarewa hei whaka- 
kakara i te whare (192). 

Tawhiti, n. snare; trap. 

Tawhiti, a. 1. distant; widely 
separated, in space or time. 
Nawai i tata, a ka tawhiti noa 
atu, ka tawhiti noa mai (70). 
2. hospitable; generous. Ka- 
tahi ano te tangata tawhiti! 

tawhiti, n. 1. fl distant locality; 
a distance. Kua riro ki ta- 
whiti. Kei tawhiti often signi- 
fies matchless; unrivalled. Kei 
tawhiti tou manawanui. 2. mati ; 
fellow; a familiar term. Te 
whakatikanga ake o taua ta- 
whiti raka (65). 

Tawhiti, v. i. for tahuti, run 
away. Kua tawhiti taku ta- 

Tawhito, a. old. 

Tawhiu, v. t. drive together; 
hunt up. 

tawhiuwhiu, v. t. whirl round 
and round. 

Tawhiwhi, v. i. be entwined, or 
entangled. Ka tawhiwhi te pua- 
wananga ki nga manga o te 

Te, art. plural nga. 1. the. 2. 
with verbs (a) it may form an 
infinitive; Kihai i taea te ko- 
rikori (143) — (b) or a gerund; 
Hei utu mo ta ratou tukunga 
i a ia ki te whawhai (7) — (c) 
or it may be repeated from 

tera or tenei earlier in the sen- 
tence, when the action is im- 
perfect. Tera a Hineiteiwaiwa 
te titiro mai ra i runga i te 
whare (62). 

Te, apparently compounded of te 
and the verbal particle e. Ko 
koe te mohio ana; for Ko koe 
te [mea] e mohio ana; You arc 
the person who knows. 

Te, ad. not. Mahi noa matou ki 
te to; te panuku, te aha. 

Te, V. i. crack; emit a sharp ex- 
plosive sound. 


tete, V. i. ej-ert oneself. Tete noa 
koutou ki te mahi kai, era e 
whai kair 

tete, n. 1. figure-head of a canoe. 
2. canoe with plain figurehead. 

whakate, v. t. squeeze fluid out 
of anything. Me whakate te 
puku kia hemo ai te pirau ki 

whakatete, v. t. milk. 

Tea, a. white. 

tetea, v. i. gnash the teeth. 

Tea, ad. interrogative, where. Tea 
mea mar (K) 

Tehe, n. membrum virile. 

Tehea, pron. interrogative, which. 
Ko tehea to koutou wakar pi. 

Tehea, ad. interrogative, where. 
Tehea toku kakahu? (R.) 

Teina, n. 1. younger brother oi 
a male. 2. younger sister of 
a female. 

Teitei, a. high; tall. 

Teitei, n. summit. 

I. Teka, a. false; lying. He 
korero teka. 

whakateka, v. t. disbelieve. 

II. Teka, v. t. drive forivards ; 
urge on. 

teka, n. 1. small dart ilivovfii for 
amusement. 2. projecting part 
of a ko, by means of which 
it is forced into the ground by 

tStSka— Tere. 


the foot. 3. a kind of kara- ' whakatenatena, v. t. encourage. 

kia or charm. 
teteka, a. numbed. Ka teteka 
aku ringaringa i tc matao. 

tena, couj. but. Kaorc nga mca 
o Hawaiki i poto hci whaka- 
tuputupu i te wahinc; tena, 

whakateteka, v. i. desire; intend: \ mo nga tanc, i poto katoa; nga 

meditate. E whakateteka ana 
ia ki te whawhai. 

Tekaha, conj. but then. E hoki 
ana te Hanhan i Taureka; tc- 
kaha ko Rongowhakaata, ka- 
wea ana ki Patutahi. ] 

Tekliu, a. ten. 

T8k§, n. pudenda muliebria. 

Teki, n. outer fence of a pa. 

teki, V. i. drift with the anchor 
down but not touching the bot- 

whakateki, v. t. suspend so as 
not to reach the ground. Me 
whakateki tena papa. 

T§k6, n. rock. 

tekoteko, n. carved figure on the 
gable of a house. To whaka- 
tikanga o Tangotango, tu ana 

TenS, a. invented. He kupu tene 
noa ake tenei kupu. 

T§ne, V. i. be importunate. E teno 
mai ano pea ki tctahi mana. 

whakatenetene, v. t. annoi/ ; pro- 
voke. Horo i te whakatenc- 
tene mai o te taurekareka nei. 

T5n8i, pron. this; near the spea- 
ker. Ko tona ara tcnoi c puta 
ake ai (54). plural enei, anei. 

tenei, ad. I. here. Tenei ra to 
mauancikaainga (165). 2. now. 
E pai ana i raua; ko tenei, 
kua kino. — Ko tenei, e tama, 
he iwi kino te iwi nei (141). 

Tenkti, u. tent. 

TSn6, a. notched. Kia teno te 

i runga i te tekoteko o te whare j T8ng&, n. pomum Jdami ; the pro- 
(48). minent part of the throat. 

Temfpara, n. temple. 

TSn&, pron. plural ena or ana. 

TSngi, a. three. 
TSo, n. stick. 

near or connected with the per- , teo, v. t. stick into the ground, 
son addressed; that; this. Uci ! teoteo, n. a small kind of shag. 

aha tona wahinc i hahauria ai 
c konia? (185). 
tena, ad. there; here. He wai 
ano tena? The usual greeting 
"Tena koe" may be literally 
rendered, **f/ere you areP'^ as 
much as to say '*/ am glad to 
see ifou^. Tona is often used 
to invite co-operation, or to 
encourage or urge on a work, 
— Come now. Tena, tatou ka 
here i te ra kia ata hacre ai 
( 1 8). — or again to give empha- 


whakatepe, v. t. do in order 
without any omission : do com- 
pletely. WHakatepea to mahi. 

Tgp§t5p§, n. 1. clot of blood &c. 
2. jelly-fish. 

T5r&, pron. that ; away from either 
the speaker or the person ad- 
dressed; that other; the other. 
Ka hui tera iwi ki te mataki- 
taki (145). Often used for tho 
personal pronoun. Ka ki mai 
tera, Kei to ata tonu (90). 

sis to a demand ; Tena, he aha | tera, ad. there. Tera ano tetahi 
te tohu o ton ekenga mai? (122) i pa nui onamata (166). 
Honcc I Tere, v. i. 1. drift from moor- 

tona, V. t. encourage; urge for- iugs. Ka tere to tatou waka 
ward. Tenatia ana e aua wa- i te hau. 2. float. E tere tonu 
hinc ko te kai ma to mahi. ana ia i runga i n.u;a kiaka (143). 


teterS — Tiemi. 

3. move swiftly. JCa nui te 
tere o to koutou kaipuke. be j 
quick. Kia tere mai he kai | 

appearing lo change their posi- 
tion; considered to forebode 
evil. Ti-mataku-tai ; the spe- 
cies called toi. 2. game. Ti 
ringaringa; played with the 
hands. Ti rakau; played with 
a ball. 

w*hakahoki mai i te korero. 
tetere, a. large; swollen. Ka te- 

tere taku matihao. 
teretere, n. company of travellers. 

Ka u mai he teretere no Aotea | titi, v. i. 1. squeak, Ka titi mai 
(143). te kiore i roto i te raupo. 2. 

teretere, v. i. be liquid; flow; tingle. Titi ana nga taringa. 

titi, n. mutton bird. He aha koe 
i haere mai ai ki a au hei titi 
mo to ahi? 
Tia, V. t. stick in; drive in. Me 

tia nga pou o te teneti. 
tiatia, v. t, 1. drive in pegs &c. 
2. adorn by sticking in feathers. 
Kua herua ake taua tangata ra 
i te po, kua tiatiaina ki te rau- 
kura (97). 
tia or tiatia, n. peg; stake. 
Tia, n. abdomen. 
Tia, a. 1. how great. E tia ton 
humarie! (164). 2. frequent. 
He tia hokihoki mai nou. 
noy ; quarrel with. He whaka- 1 Tiaho, v. i. emit rays of light; 

Tetahi, pron. 1. one; a; a cer- 
tain. Ka whakatika tetahi o 
nga rangatira o tc ope ra (154). 
2. another. Ka karanga mai 
tetahi tangata, Me au nei te 
ahua? (61). 3. some. Kawea 
atu tetahi wai mo te manuhiri 
(168). Plural etahi, some; 
some others. 

Tete, V. i. stand fixed in the 
ground. NGa rakau e tete mai 

tete, n. head of a spear. 

whakatete, v. t. 1. molest; an- 

tete kaainga, a quarrel about 

land. 2. act ivaywardly or 

perversely. E ta! whakatete 

tonu koe ki te noho? 
Tete, see under te. 
Tetea, see under tea. 
Tetehi, for tetahi. See tetahi. 
Teteka, see under teka. 
Tetere, n. trumpet. 
Tetere, see under tere. 
Teure, n. ripe fruit of kiekie or 

freycinetia Banksii. 
Tewe, n. 1. membrane of the fce- 

tus. 2. fermented juice of the 

tewetewe, for tawatawa; a fish 

like mackerel. 
Tewhatewha, n. a weapon made 

of wood, broad and flat at one 

end something like the head 

of an axe. 
Ti, n. 1. cordyline of several 

species. Ti haere (84) // trees \ 

shine. Ka tiaho mai te ahi. 
Tiaka, n. dam ; mother. 
Tiakakahi, a. on the meridian^ 

spoken of the sun. 
Tiaki, V. t. 1. guard; keep. I a 

au e tiaki ana i te whare, ka 

puta mai a Ponui. 2. watch 

for ; wait for. Kei tatahi ia 

e tiaki ana i te waka o Ka- 

rihi kia u mai. 
Tianga, n. mat to lie on ; called 

also tienga or takapau. 
Tiare, n. scent. Tau ana te tiare 

i te raukawa. 
Tiari, v. t. hang up. Me tiari 

ki waho, ki te rakau. 
Tiaroa, n. long straight side. Te 

tiaroa o te pa. 
Tieke, n. 1. a bird; creadion ca- 

runculafus. 2. a black mat. 
Tiemi, v. i. 1. play at see-saw. 

2. be unsettled; be cast adrift. 

Tenei te iwi ka tiemi, ka tiemi. 

Tienga — tiki tiki. 


Sec I Tihou, ii. au implement used as 
a spade. 
Tlka, a. 1. straij;ht : (h'rrrf. Ko 
te ara tika tena. 2. kevping 
a direct course. A, tika toiiu 
atu ki te korokoro o te Pa- 
rata (72). 3. n'ght ; Just: fair. 

' Ka rongo ia kei te tika nga 
kupu (42). — E tika hoki ! a fonn 
of expressing thanks, 
tikanga, n. 1. ru/e: pinn : mc- 
Ihmi. Ka nipua e ratou ho 
tikauga hei mamingatanga ma 
ratou i a Kac (37). 2. custom. 
Tona tikanga mai touei o mua 
iho (47\ 3. reason. Ko te ti- 
kanga o te Huhuti, i pai ai 
ki a Te WHatu-i-apiti, he pai 

I no Te WHatu-i-apiti (Ifio). 4. 

I meaning; purport. Te tikanga 

I o tena tau, he kohuru. 5. 
authority ; control. Kahore ona 

I tikanga ki eua taonga. 

I whakatika, v. t. straighten. \.\. 

'Henga, n. mat to lie o 

Tiepa, v. i hauir loosely. Me 

ticpa noa ake tona kakahu. 
Tiere, n. scent. Tena rawa te i 

tiere te haere na, ara te ka- { 

kara o te lawhiri (193). ' 

•nhahiihahu, t. t. scatter about. \ 
Tihaere, n. a pole with a snare 

arranged on it , baited with 

flowers, for catching birds. 
Tlhaudra, n. a plant. 
Tihe, V. i. sneeze. 
TihSi, V. t. carrti a burden on 

the backy holding it in place 

with the hands. Tiheitia nga 

kai nei. 
TiOKMA, n. December. 
•KhSrii, v. t. bale water out of a 

canoe &c. Tiherua te wai o ^ 

te poti. I 

tiheru, n. vessel to bate with. 
TihSwk, V. i. sneeze. i 

Tihi, n. summit. 
tilii, V. i. lie in a heap. Tekau 

nga tare c tiiii ana i tona aro- 

aro (49). 
tihitihi, a. idling; trifling. 
Tihdi. V. t expand the middle of 

a mat in the wearing by insert- ; TIk&ok&o, n. barn-door fowl. 

ing thread in the woof which Ti-kapu, n. a species of cordy- 

do not run through to the lino. 

edges. j TIk&r6, v. t. pick out of a hole ; 

Tih6ih6i, a, noisy. He kotiro ' scoop out. Tikarohia ake t© 

tihoihoi. kanohi o Tougameha (48\ 

Tih6k&, V. t. 1. stick in; /////«/, Tik§tik§, and titikS, a. lofty; 

in. Tihokatia atu te maripi ki j high. Titike ao; papaku po. 

te raupo. 2. shelter by stick- ^ Ttkl, v. t. 1. fetch. Ka tukua 

atu e ia tana tangata ki te tiki 
atu i tetahi ika mana (141). 
2. go to for any purpose. Ka 
tikina mai a Tane ka whnka- 
arahia ki ruuga (56). 

straighten oneself; stand up; 

rise up; start on a journey, 
whakatika, n. way ; path. 
TlkSkS, a. 1. hot. Tikaka ana 

te ra. 3. burnt by the sun. 

ing small branches into the 
ground. ■ 

tihokahoka, n. temporary shelter \ 
made with branches stuck into 
the ground. 

Tih5r8, v. t. 1 . strip off. Tiho- i 
rea te kiri o te rakau. 2. peel; 
take the skin off. 

tihoro, n. the best variety of 
phormium tena.r, prepared with- 
out tho U80 of a shell. 

Tiki, n. 1. post marking a tiipu' 
place. 2. Jigurv on the gable 
of a house. 3. lower part of 
the back; sacrum. 

tiki tiki, n. I. girdle. 2. knot of 
hair on the top of the head. 


whakatiki— Tingei. 

Ka wewete i tona tikitiki, ka 
ru i ona makawe (55). 

whakatiki, y. t. keej) without food. 

Tikihope, n. loins. 

Tikikiwi, n. a method of finish- 
ing off the thatch of a house. 

Tikitti, a. entire; untouched. He 
ngahere tikitu. 

Tiko, V. i. evacuate the bowels. 

titiko, n. a shell-fish. 

Tikoki, a. easily overbalanced; 
unsteadij. He waka tikoki. 

Tikokekoke, a. high up in the 
heavens. Kua tikokekoke noa 
atu te ra o waho (13j. 

Tikoko, V. t. take up ivith a sho- 
vel or ladle. Tikokoa te one- 
one ki waho. 

Ti-kupenga, n. a tree ; a species 
of cordyline. 

Timanga, n. elevated stage, on 
which food is kept. 

Tiraata, n. short spear. 

Timata, v. t. begin. Ka tima- 
taia te korero e Kawe. 

timatanga, n. beginning. 

Timo, V. t. peck, as a bird; prick, 
strike ivith a pointed instrument. 

Timu, a. ebb; ebbing. He tai 
timu; ebb tide; low luater. 

Timu, for tumu. See tumu. 

Tina, a. fixed; fast. Tina ana 
ratou i te mataku o te taua. 

whakatina, v. t. 1 . fasten ; fix, 
2. confine; put under restraint. 
Ka whakatinaia ahau ki te kai ; 
/ am restrained from food. 3. 
treat as a slave; oppress ivith 
work. Ka whakatina mai koe, 
ko te mea taumaha ki a au. 
4. provoke. He whakatina ra 
ki a au kia oho ai ahau. — 
V. i. applied to protracted par- 
turition. Kua whakatina hoki, 
kaore i hohoro te whanau (128). 

Tinaku, n. seed potatoes. Me 
koko aku tinaku, 

Tmana, n. body; trunk. 

Tinei, y. t. 1. put out; extinguish. 

Tineia te kapura. 2. destroy; 
kill. He rewharewha ki te 
tinei i etahi tangata ki te mate. 

tineinei, v. t. confuse; put out 
of proper order. Korero whaka- 
tepe i korero, kaua e tineinei. 

tineinei, a. unsettled; ready to 
move. Noho tineinei; sit on 
one's heels, ready to jump up 

Tini, a. very many. Kia tini nga 
pou mo te taiepa. Tini whai- 
oio; innumerable. 

tini, n. host; myriad. Tenei te 
tini NGatoro kei roto i te 
hangi e takoto ana (91). 

Tini, V. t. 1. annoy. Ka tinia 
ahau e te pawerawera. 2. ter- 
rify. Ka tinia e te mataku o 
te taua. 

Tinihanga, y. t. deceive; cheat. 
I tinihangatia au e te kai arahi 
i po ai ahau. practise upon. 
Maku e tinihanga ki a NGato- 
roirangi (70). 

Tini-ngerongero, a. very nume- 

Tini-whaioio, a. innumerable. 

Tino, a. exact; precise; very. 
Ka tae ki te tino wahapu o 
Manuka (162). — Used also to 
give vividness to narrative. Te 
tino rarahutanga ki te hoc, ka 
rite noa ano; tino pounga ki 
te wai i poua ai; anana! me te 
pere! (171). 

tino, n. precise spot. Ko te tino 
Taiamai tenei kamaka. 

tino, ad. quite; very. Ka tinotae 
atu a Hakawau ki te kainga o 
Kaiwhare (162). 

Tinohi, v. t. put heated stones 
upon food laid to cook in a 

Tinga, a. likely. E tinga ano i 
tawhiti koe. 

Tingahiirii, a. ten. 

Tingei, a unsettled; ready to move. 
He noho tingei noa to matou 

Tio — Tiri. 


noho i konei. Compare tinei- 
nei, under tinei. 

Tio, a. sharp; piercing. A lie I te 
haupapa, tio tonu. 

tio, n. 1. ice. 2. oyster. 3. land- 

tiotio, a. having sharp points or 
projections; prickly. He ko- 
whatu tiotio. 

Tiora, v. t. .^plit. Ka tioraia ka- 
toatia to makahi. 

tiora, n. marauding party, sepa- 
rated from the main army. 

Tioro, V. i. tingle; be jarred. 
Ka tioro aku taringa i te pa- 
kiitanga o te pa. 


tipatipa, a. false. Ho korero 

Tlpa, a. dried up. Ka tipatia a 
rare o to whenua. 

tipa, n. a shell-lish. 

Tipaop&o, V. t. put out of proper 
sequence. Kaua e tipaopao to 

Tip&tSrS, a. for tini-patere; very 
numerous; in very great num- 
bers. Kua tipatere koe i te 
awatea, kua hin<7a ki Taranaki. 

Tip&u, n. myrsine lirvillei ; a tree. 

Tipi, V. t pare a horizontal sur- 
face; pare off. Tipia atu nga 
tarutaru ka ngaki ai i te roara 
nei. T. i. skim lightly along 
the surface. Anana! titipi kau 
ana taua waka (70). 

tipitipi, V. i. spread rapidly. Ka 
rongo ha ki a Kiki; tipitipi 
ana tc rongo (172). 

^pih&ur&r5, v. t. exterminate. 
He tipihauraro tonu mai a NGa- 
pnhi, a, haramai tonu. 

Tip6k&, V. t. dig up what has 
been buried. Na te tangata i 
tapuke, na te kuri i tipoka. 

tipoka, a. dried up. Katahi ano 
ka tipoka inaianei. 

Tipokd, V. i. 1. be extinguished ; 
he destroyed. Ka tipoko anake 

I aku ika i te kuri. 2. become 
rotten: perish. E! kua tipoko 
noa atu nga kai o te riia nci! 

Tip6r§, n. a shrub. 

Tipii, for tupu. See tupu. 

Tipua, see tupua. 

Tipu&ki, n. crown of the head. 
Compare tumuaki. 

Tipuna, see tupuna. 

TirS, n. 1. ^le of men; row. 2. 
company of travellers. Tcra te 
tira ka puta. 3. ^'n of a fish. 
4. rays; beams. NGa tira o 
Autahi. 5. mast of a canoe. 

Tir&h&, n. large bundle. E rima 
nga tiraha raupo. 

tiraha, v. i. lean. Kia tiraha nga 
pou te whare. 

tiraha, a. 1. slow. Tiraha tonu 
te haere o te pahi nei. 2. 
face upwards. Anga tiraha; 
lie on one^s back. 

Tir&Dg&r&ng&, a. .scattered. Ka 
tirangaranga nga otaota i to 
ketunga a tc poaka. 

Tlr&ng5r&ng6, a. scattered. 

Tir&ngi, v. i. be unsettled. 

Tir&r&, v. i. be wide apart. Ti- 
rara ana nga wacwae. — be scat- 
tered. Waiho i kona tirara 

I haere ai. 

I Tir&ttl, n. mast of a canoe. 

Tir&u, n. peg; stick. 

Tir&ii]n6k6, n. bastard. 

TirSa, n. second day of the mooti's 

I TirSki, n. stack of fern-root. 

Tiremi, v. i. ebb. Kua tiremi to 
korihirihi (R). 

TirSngi, a. unsettled. Ka noho 
tirengi nga tangata i te ma- 

l^Sp&, V. t. line with reeds the 
roof of a native house. 

' Tiri, V. t. 1 . throw or place one 
by one. E tiri ana a Tohe i 
nga ika ki uta. 2. plant. E 
tiri parareka ana a Te WHata. 
3. place one on another; stack. 


tiri — Titupii. 

Kei te tiri i nga kai o t(> Titaka, v. i. move about ; turn 
rua. I round. Titaka noa taku niho. 

tiri, n. offering; to au Atua. Ka titakataka, v. i. ////// over and 
poipoia te tiri ki te atua, kal over -^ wallouK 
mea, To tiri, na, e WHiro. ^ Titari. v. t. scatter about, 

Tiripapa, y. i. explode in succes- \ Titei, n. spy. Compare tutei. 
sion. Ka tiripapa te mahi a|Titengi, a. unsettled. Kati te 
NGapuhi. i ^^^^^ titeiigi, kia u ki raro. 

„w w _ ^1 / . , -^ • i Titi, V. i. 1. stick in as a peg or 

Tinwa, V. t. 1. plant at wide in-\ .' m-.- . i. i- 

" ' rv.\i 1 • « ^ J pin. Titi tonu te pere ki nga 

tervals. Tiriwatia, kia awe te j ^ ^ 

oti. 2. plant in spaces caused 

by failure of seed, and so ge- ; 

nerally, put into a vacant place. \ 

Kahore tetahi e tiriwatia e koe r i 
tlriwa, n. space : compartment; i 

district. I 

Tiro, titiro, v. i. look. Ka titiro | ^^^.^ ^ ^^^ . ^,^.^. ^^^^ 

atu ia i te haeatatanga o te ; ,pj^j^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^i^ 

whatitoka (13). -Titiro maku- 1 ,pj^wj^g^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ 

Titiko, see under tiko. 

heu te whare (81). 2. shine. 
Tangohia ana e raua te puru, 
na, titi tonu te ra ki roto (47). 
3. go astray. Kua titi ke atu 
pea nga poaka ki waho. v. t. 
1. stick in. 2. fasten with jiails 
or pegs. Titia te papa nei. 

tu; look hard, and hence, look 
covetously. Ka titiro makutu 
mai ia ki toku kakahu. v. t. 
survey ; view. Ka puta atu te 
ruahine ra ki waho, titiro atu 
ai i te ope ra (93). | 

tirotiro, v. i. look about. \ 

Tirou, n. fork: pointed stick \^ 
used as a fork. I 

Titimako, n. a bird. 

Titiro, see under tiro. 

Tito, V. t. invent; compose. Na 
te Horua i tito tenei waiata. — 
Ke korero tito; a fabrication. 

Tito, a. having the face covered 
with long hair. He kuri tito, 
— He pahau tito ; a beard cover- 

tirou, V. t. 1. take up with a stick \ i,i^ nearly the whole face. 

or fork. 2. move a canoe side- 
ways, by plunging the paddle 
into the water and drawing it 
towards one. Tiroua mai te 
ihu te waka. 
Titaha, v. i. 1. be on one side; \ 
lean to one side. Titaha ana i 
nga tuturu o te whare. — de- ' 
dine, as the sun. Ka titaha 
te ra. 2. pass on one side. 
He aha koe i titaha ai i toku ' 
kainga? 3. go in an oblique 
direction. E rua ona titaha- 1 

Titohea, a. exhausted by frequent 

Titoki, n. alectryon ejicelsum; a 

Titoko, n. pole used to stretch or 

extend anything; sprit of a 

sail &c. 
titoko, V. t. 1. stretch with a pole. 

2. keep off or away. Ka tito- 

kotokona ratou ki mamao o to 

ratou unga atu nei (121). 
Titongi, n. the same as titoki; 

a tree. 

tanga (15). 4. van/ from ; have . 

a different tendency. Kaore i | Titore, v. t. or y. i. split ; divide. 

titaha i taku whakahaere o ko- ' 
rero i whakaari ake nei. 

titaha, n. 

1. axe. 2. a kind of 

Na te panga o taku patu, ti- 
tore ke, titore ke (29). 
Titiipu, V. i. 1. chap. Ka mate 
au i te titupu o toku waewae. 

Tiutiu — Toe. 


2. peel off. Kua titupu mai 
te hiako o te uwhi. 

Tfiutiu, V. i. ////*// about. E tiu- 
tiu ana nga kanohi. 

tiutiu, n. a bird. 

Tiwai, n. canoe wtlhoul attached 
sides. Takoto humuhumu kau 
ana ko nga tiwai anake (171). 

Tiwai, a. lasting : permanent. Ka- 
tahi ano ka tiwai te uoho o te 

Tlwakawaka, n. a bird. 

Tiw&ri, V. t. scrape. Me tiwari 
te roi kia reka ai. 


Tiw5, V. i. scream (of children 

Tiw§k&, a. vagabond: roaming 
after no good. E kore e ngaro 
te tohu te wahiue tiweka. 

Tiw5r&w8r&, a. mournful. 

Tiwha, n. patch ; spot ; bald place 
on the head; mark of a land- 
slip &c. 

tiwha, a, squint. He kanohi ti- 

titiwh&, V. i. be in patches or 
small circumscribed portions. 
Ano he pounamu kei nga karu 
jiango e titiwha ana (159). 

tiwhatiwha, a. l.dark. 1. gloom ij 
in mind; sad. Ka nui rawa te 
tiwhatiwha ki a mtou ka ngaro 
atu nei. 

Tiwh&n&, V. i. be curved. E ti- 
whana mai ra a Kahukura i 
ruiiga i te rangi. 

Tiw&ki, V. t. ex/Hind ; open. 

TlwharawhSra, v. i. be split ; be 

1 . TO, n. stem of maize, raupo &o. 

1 1 TO, a. pregnant. 

whakato, v. i. plant. 

ill. TO, pron. thy. (Plural o). 
Generally etjuivalent to tan. 
Sec tau. 

IV. TO, V. t. drag; haul. Ka 
toia nga waka ki waho manu 
ai (70). To-whare, drag a per- 

son out of his house and kill 
him; murder in cold blood, 

tOtO, V. t 1. drag a number of 
objects. Ko nga waka, he raca 
toto ki uta (131). 2. chip or 
knock off; chop. Toto tonu ai 
ki te kowhatu. 3. perform a 
ceremony over a child ; the same 
as tun and iriiri. 

t6tO, T. i. ooze ; trickle. 

tOanga-waka, place where canoes 
are dragged over; portage. 

V. TO, a compound of te and o, 
thus, 7o Turi kaainga, is equi- 
valent to Te kaainga o Turi. 

VI. TO, prep, up to; as high as. 
Nawai ra, i raro te wai, a ka 
to nga turi (130). 

T6a, a. 1. male, of animals. Ho 
kararehe toa. 2. brave; victo- 
rious. Tenei ra ka rongo ki 
te tino toanga o enei rangatira 
tokowha (157). 

toa, V. i. 1. throw up a stalk. 
Kua toa te witi. 2. romp; 
frolic. Kei te toa nga tama- 

tdt6a , a. 1 . impetuous ; fierce. 
Totoa tonu te ngakau ; te puri- 
puri te aha. 2. urgent. Heoi 
ano te mea i totoa mai ai maua, 
ko koe kia noho. 

toa, n. brave man ; warrior^ Ka 
peratia touutia nga toa o taua 
iwi nei (60). 

toatoa, n. 1. phijllocladus tricho- 
manoides: a tree. 2. haloragis 
alata; a small plant. 

T6aiiga, n. derivative from toa. 
See toa. 

TOang&, n. derivative from to. 
See IV. to. 

I. T6e, V. i. be left as a rem- 
nant. Kotahi i toe, ko tc ko- 
romatua (24). 

toenga, n. remnant. 

II. Toe, and totoe, v. t. split : di- 
vide. Me he haeata o toea ana 
i te taha rangi (164). 


toetoe — whakatoi. 

toetoe, V. t. split into strips or 
shreds. Toetoea he korari mo 
te kupcnga. 

toetoe, n. 1. diiFerent species of 
^russ or rushes used for thatch- 
ing. Toetoe kakaho; ariindo 
conspicua, 2. shingles for co- 
veriug roofs. 

Toeke, n. loop of cord, put loo- 
sely round the feet to enable 
them to grasp a tree in climb- 

Toemi, n. 1. hand -net. 2. net 

the edges of which are made 

to draw together like the mouth 

of a bag. 
Toene, v. i. set. Ka toene te ra. 

See towene. 
Toere, n. hand net. 
Toha, V. t. spread out. 
tohatoha, y. t. spread abroad', 

distribute. Katahi ka tahuri 

te manuhiri ra ki te tohatoha 

i tana kai (166). 
Toliake, n. basket. Kohia he 

wene ki te tohakc. (R.) 
Tohapuru, v. t. gird tightly. Kia 

tohapurutia te manawa. 
Tohe, V. i. 1. persist; be urgent. 

Ka tohe tonu te taua ki te wha- 

whai (182). 2. refuse; object. 

Kihai hoki ai i tohe; whaka- 

tika tonu atu ki runga (39). 
totohe, V. i. contend one with 

another. Heoti ano, ka totohe 

ratou i konei ; tohe atu ana, ! 

tohe mai ana (122). | 

tohetohe, v. i. be pertinacious. 

Te tohetohe ki te whakatuma 

tohetohe, n. uvula. 
Tohe, n. 1. thief. 2. niggard. 
Tohenehene, a. disarranged ; dis" 

titrbed. He tamariki; he wha- 

katohenehene kaha tana mahi : 

said of wanton provocation. 
Toheraoa, n. agrosiis wmula and 

some other grasses. 
Toheroa, n. a kind of a shell-fish. 

Tohetea, a. exhausted by cultiva- 
tion; barren. 

Tohi, V. t. 1. perform a certain 
ceremony over a newborn in- 
fant. I haere mai au kia to- 
hia ta taua kotiro (52). 2. 
perform certain ceremonies be- 
fore or after a battle. 

Tohi or totohi, v. t. cut. Tohia 
a tatou purapura kia ranea ai. 

whakatotohi, v. t. cut. 

Tohipa, V. i. turn aside. Tae 
rawa atu au kua tohipa ke, he 
ara ke. 

Tohira, v. t. project ; be over long. 

Tohora, n. whale. 

Tohoraha, n. whale. 

Tohii, u. mark; sign; proof. He 
aha te tohu o tou ekenga mai? 

tohu, V. t. 1. preserve; lay by. 
2. save alive; spare. E kore 
koe e tohungia. 

to tohii, V. i. sink. Kua totohu 
te waka ki rare. 

tohutohu, V. t. 1. mark. 2. shew. 

Tohii, V. i. think, Ko wai hoki 
koa ka tohu? (148). 

Tohiinga, n. 1. skilled person, 
A, oti ake i ia tohunga, i ia 
tohunga, a Taiuui ma te tarai 
(69). 2. wizard; priest. Ki 
ano i ata mutu noa te karakia 
a nga tohunga (91). 

Tohungariia, v. t. dole out. To- 
hungaruatia etahi kapana ma 

tohungarua, n. one who deals. 

Toi, n. finger; toe (of the little 
finger or toe only which are 
called toi iti or toiti). Kowha- 
kina mai ana te ahi i te toi 
iti o nga matikara (24). 

Toi, or toitoi, v. i. trot; move 
briskly. Kia toitoi te haere. 

toitoi, n. 1. summit. 2. a shell- 
fish ; the same as ngdruru. 

whakatoi, v. t. 1. ansiver rudely 
or perversely. 2. annoy; tease. 

T5i — toko. 


Toi, 11. 1. cor dy line indivisa; a 
tree. 2. mat made from the 
leaves of the same. 3. wicker 
receptacle for seed potatoes. 

toi, V. i. be moist; exude. Toi 
tonu a TO to o to rakau. 

Toiha, Y. i. pace up and down 
(not a genuine word"). 

Toihi, V. i. be split. Kiia toihi 
te rakau. 

Toiki, n. tree charred btf Jire, 

Toimaha, for taimaha. See tai- 

TOingo, a. smart; guy. Toingo 
ana te kakahu nei. 

Toiti, n. little finger or toe. 

Toitoireka, n. a bird. 

Toitu, entire; untouched; uncul- 

Toka, V. i. overflow. Toka tonu 
to wai i runga. 

Toka, n. stone; rock in the sea. 

to toka, V. i. become solid; set. 
Ka totoka tc hinu. 

whakatotoka, v. i. congeal, Kia 
loka; wait a while. 

Tdkai, n. 1. strip of wood cover- 
ing the joints of a canoe. 2. 
perpendicular pieces of u*oodf 
fastened above to the thwart 
and supporting the kauhuahua 
on which tho rahnraho or Jloor 
is laid. 

T5kak&wa, n. steam ; perspira- 
tion. H< toi .l-rnva ]>('fi no te 

Tok&m&tua, n. company ; body 
of persons. 

T5kari, v. t. cut; notch, Toka- 
ritia te rakau kia u ai te wae- 
wae. V. i. 1. be cut or sever- 
ed. Kua tokari te hutihuti. 2. 
ebb. Kua tokari tc ngaehe. (R.) 

WHakatokarikari, v. t. cut in 

TOkau, n. a canoe having side- 
boards, but no figurehead or 

T6k6, u. 1. eart/> "'•>,„> •> ;. fM). 

2. lobe of the ear. 4. puden- 
dum fwmineum. 

totoke, n. a lish. 

Toke. V. i. be out of sight; be 
gone away. Ko te tokenga tc- 
nei e toke atu ai ahau. (11.) 

T5keke, a. churlish. 

Tokerau, a. eastern. Te tai to- 
kerau; the sea on the east side 
of the island. 

T5ker§, n. a musical insti'umeut. 
E whakatokerc ana nga tohu- 
nga i nga iwi o Wahieroa (56). 

T5ki, n. axe; adze; or any si- 
milar tool. Toki hangai; adze. 
— Toki whakapae, or toki ti- 
talia, common felling ajce. Toki 
poke; american axe. 

tokitoki, n. alec try on excelsum; 
a tree. 

tokitoki, a. very calm. Tokitoki 
ana tera tc moana; koi ngaru, 
koi aha. 

tokitoki, V. t. earth up; loosen 
the earth about the roots of 

T6ki, V. t. for tiki, fetch. 

TOkiri, V. t. shove ; thrust length- 
wise. Tokiritia te waka. 

Toko, a i)refix to tho numerals 
from lahi to iwa inclusive, to 
the inteiTOgative numeral ///«, 
and to tho adjectives mahuy rua- 
rauy ouou &c., but nsed only 
in speaking of persons. Ku 
rongo te tokomaha i te toanga 
o aua tangata tokowha. 

Tdkd, n. 1. pole. I whakaturia 
hoki nga toko o to atua (112). 
2. rays of light. Ka hapai nga 
toko o te rangi. 

toko, V. t. propel with a pole. 
Tokona te waka kia puta ai. 

tokotoko, n. small pole ; walking 
stick. Ka tu nga tokotoko ki 
roto ki te otaotu. 

toko, or totoko, v. i. spring up 
in the mind. Taawhi noa iho 
:iii:i, o totoko tonu ake ana i 


wliakatotoko — TSnganga. 

roto i te ngakau te whano- 
whanoa (82). 

whakatotoko, v. i. begin lo swell. 

Tokohana, n. hiccough. 

Tokohi, n. adultery. 

Tokohia, a. how manij. See toko. 

Tokohinii, a. some. See toko. 

Tokomaha, a. manif. See toko. 

Tokomanawa, a. Pou tokomana- 
wa; post supporting the middle 
portion of a ridgepole. 

Tokomanga, a. branched; forked. 

Tokomauri, n. 1. poles of ma- 
pou used in the ceremouy of 
'pure' for a kumara ground. 
Ka whakaturia nga tokomauri 
te mara. 2. hiccough. 

tokomauri, v. t. excite one's af- 
fections; enamour. Te kai to- 
komauri o tona puku. 

Tokopiihake, n. hiccough. 

Tokoroa, a. thin ; lean ; lanky. 
He raumati teuei, koia i toko- 
roa ai te ika. 

Toku, pron. my. Plural oku. 
See prep. o. 

Toma, n. cemetery. Ko te toma 
tupapaku tera. 

Tomairangi, n. dew. 

I. Tomo, T. i. be filled. E rua 
ano hekenga o te aho, kua 
tomo te waka i te mahi a te 
ika (21). 

II. Tomo, T. i. enter. I te mutu- 
nga ai o te karakia ki te tua- 
ahu, ka tomo ki roto ki to 
raua whare ko te ruwahine (92). 
Pass, tomokia, be entered. 

whakatomo, v. t. cause to enter. 
whakatomo, n. a large basket. 
Tomuri, a. late. He witi tomuri 

tenei i koaha ai. 
Tona, n. excrescence ; wart; corn 

Tona, pron. his; her; its. PI. 

ona. See prep. o. 
TonS, V. t. 1. bid; commatid. Ka 

tono iho te tini tangata ra kia 

puta ake ia i tona rua, kia wha- 

whai ratou (97). 2. bid to go ; 
send. Tonoa ana to ratou tu- 
puna ki te kimi (95). 3. de- 
mand. E haere ana ahau ki 
te tono utn mo taku mahi. 
Tonii, ad. 1. denoting continu- 
ance, still ; continually. He tiaki 
tonu tana i te kaainga i ia ra, 
i ia ra (94). 2. quite. Poto 
tonu ki roto o tana kupenga 
(142). just. Pena tonu i ia 
ra, i ia ra (95). 3. simply; 
only. Te kai a tera wahine, he 
ota tonu (95). Ko ahau tonu; 
it is I myself 4. immediately. 
Kua tae atu ki te taha o te 
wahine ra, kapo tonu atu ki 
te kotiro (52). This word of- 
ten has a suffix -tang a when 
used with passive verbs in ani- 
mated narrative. Apitiria tonu- 
tanga atu ko te pa, ka horo 

I. Tonga, n. south wind; south- 
ern region. 

tonga, a. southerly. He hau to- 

II. Tonga, n. blemish on the skin. 
Tonga, n. derivative from to. See 



whakatonga, v. i. 1 . keep one- 
self quiet; restrain one^s feel- 
ings. 2. entertain feelings which 
one does not sheiv outwardly. 
Kei te whakatonga riri koe? 
Pass, whakatongatia, be mur- 
mured at; be found fault with 
secretly. Kei te whakatongatia 
ahau e te iwi nei. 

Tongako, v. i. be .scabbed; fester. 
Ka tongako te hiako. 

Tonga-kotaratara, n. south-west- 

Tonga - ma - iiru, n. south-west- 

Tongamimi, n. bladder. 

Tonganga, a. 1. uncooked; raw. 
2. broken. Tonganga ana te kete. 

TongarerewS — toro. 


Tongarerewa, n. 1. an ornament 
for the ear. 2. a word of en- 
dearment; treasure. 

Tongi, point; speck. , 

tongi, V. t. nibble at bait. Ka 
tongi te ika. 

T5pa, V. i. cook in a native oven. 
Me topa Dga parareka kia reka 

Topa. I 

topatopa, u. 1. bird. 2. small \ 

stin^i' raij. i 

whakatopa, v. i. soar. Ka rere 

whakatopa te manu, kahore e 

aroarowhaki nga parirau. 
whakatopatopa, v. i. plant ku- 

mara &c. 
TOpap&ru, a. devphf laden. He 

waka topaparu to koutou. \ 

TOpat&patfi-, n. venj small ku- 

tnara. I 

Tope, V. t cut; cut off. Topea | 

Tiiai he raataora. | 

T6p§, w. fern freshly grown after | 

])einr; burnt. i 

TOpipi, a. small native oven. \ 
topipi, V. t. cook in a small oven. \ 

Topipitia totahi kaanga. 
T5pit6, n. end; extremity. 
TOpO, n. pair; couple. Ko taua 

hunga i haere i uta, kotahi rau 

e whitu tekau topu (75). 
topu, a. assembled i in a body. \ 

Kei te noho topu tou ratou ki 

to ratou kaainga. 
TOpuni, a. 1. close together. Me 

haere topuui tatou. 2. over- 

tiist. He raugi topuni. 
topuni, n. black dogskin mat. 
T6r&, V. i. burn ; blaze. Ka tora 

to ahi. 
Tore, V. i. burn. Ka tore to 

wliare o Tutere. 
tore, n. ufhitc spot. 
toretore, u. a larj^e mussel; llie 

same as kuku. 
toretore, a. having inflamed eyes. 
toretore. v. t. split into strips. ■ 

He mea toretore marire te hara- 

Torea, n. hwmatopus unicolor ; a 

Toreke. v. t. be left behind. Ka- 
hore tetahi i toreke ki muri. 

whakatorekereke, v. i. lag be- 
hind. Kei whakatorekereke te 

T6r§ini, v. i. disappear. Kua to- 
remi te waka ki tua o te rae. 

TOrSna, v. i. overjlow. 

T6rengi, v. i. disappear. 

TQrere, v. i. hurry ; go headlong. 
Ka torere tonu ra hoki te nga- 
kau ki te whai i te whakahia- 
ngongo o tona ngakau ^170\ 

torere, n. abyss. 

T6r6t§rS, n. small .sting-ray. 

T6r§wai, n. a freshwater mussel. 

T6ri, n. cat. (R.) 

tori tori, v. t. cut; separate. 

TOrind, n. 1. drum of the ear. 
2. small basket for cooked food. 

TOrind, a. Jlowing smoothly. He 
torino tonu te au; he hohonu. 

T5rir6, a. fine; smart. 

TOrirlki, a. small. Ku haere ka 
toririki te whawhai n i. 

T6riw&i, a. moist; watery. Ka 
toriwaitia oku kanohi. 

T6r6, n. persoonia foro ; a tree. 

T6r6, V. i. 1. stretch forth. Ka 
toro mai tona ringa ka raraku 
(194). Ka toro nga kawai o 
to hue. 2. burn; blaze. Kei 
toro te wharc i to korakora. 

torOf V. t. 1. thrust or impel end-; stretch forth. Torona mai 
tou ringa. 2. go to see; visit. 
A ka arolui ki te tuahine, ka 
haere ia ki te toro (39). 3. 
survey; reconnoitre. Kua eke 
rawa mai taua iwi nei ki uta, 
kotahi i tukua mai ki te toro 
(47). ejplore. Tc waka nana 
i toro te nuku roa (109). 4. 
consult by divination. Ka to- 
rona a Kalnikura, a Itupawa, a 


totoro — Tou. 

Rongomai (83). 5. take Jire out 
of an oven preparatory to cook- 
ing. Torona te hangi ; ka kaka. 

totoro, V. i. stretch forth, Totoro 
mai te ringa. 

torotoro, y. i. put forth the hands; 
act. Ka whakatika nga ranga- 
tira ki runga ki te korero i te 
ata torotoro (150). 

torotoro, n. metrosideros scandens ; 
a climbing plant. 

whakatoro, v. t. 1. push forth. 
E whakatorotoro kau ana i te 
timata i roto i nga ran, kaore 
ano i wero noa. 2. touch ; make 
trial of 

Toroa, n, albatross. Kahu toroa, 
garment covered with albatross 

Toroai, see torowai. 

Torohe, n. marauding partij. 

toroherohe, v. i. wag. Torohe- 
rohc mai ana te hiorc o te kuri. 

Toroheke, n. pimelea arenaria; 
a plant. 

Toroi, V. i. ferment. 

Toroihi, v. i. \. sprout; bud. Ka 
toroihi te kiekie. 2. be inso- 
lent. Kua moliio ratou ki to 
matou alma; no reira ka toro- 
ihi toun ratou. 

Torokaka, a. stiff and straight; 
(of hair), torokaka waero-kiore ; 
hanging straight down, toro- 
kaka taratarakina, split at the 
points. torokaka motihetihe, 
sticking straight up. 

Torokiki, v. i. sprout afresh. 

Toromiro, n. podocarpus ferrugi- 
nea; a tree. 

Toromoka, n. button. 

ToeOna, n. throne. 

ToEo^'AiHj, n. reaping hook ; sickle. 

Toronga, n. derivative from toro. 
See toro. 

Toronga, v. t. deal out in small 
quantities. Ka ata torongatia 
mariretia nga kai. 

Toropapa, v. i. lie flat. Ka toro- 
papa te wahie; e kore e ka. 

Toropiike, n. mound; hillock. 

Toropiiku, a. secret; stealthy. 
Ka toropuku te haere o te ta- 

Tororere, n. diarrhwa. 

Torouka, n headland. 

torouka, a. green ; unripe ; un- 

whakatorouka, v. i. muse; have 
the thoughts occupied. E moe 
whakatorouka ana a Te Ponga 
ki te pewheatanga ra e tata ai 
ia ki a Te Pnhihuia (167). 

Torowai, n. 1. a weapon made 
of a whale's rib. 2. a wooden 

Torowheniia, n. a variety of ku- 

Toru, a. three. 

torutoru, a. few. He torutoru 
nga tangata o tera kaainga. 

Toriia, a. twilled. He kareko 

Toruhi, u. a fish. 

Tota, n. sv)eat. 

Totara, n. 1. podocarpus totara ; 
a tree. 2. leucopogon Frazcri 
and some other plants. 

Tote, n. salt. 

Toti, and totitoti, v. i. limp; 
halt. Rokohanga atu e au kei 
te Kerikeri e totitoti ana. 

Totika, a. straight; correct; right. 

Toto, n. blood. Tana toto, expe- 
dition to avenge blood that has 
been shed. Ka puta nga pa i 
ora ki te taua toto (91). 

toto, V. i. bleed. Ka toto taku 

Totoreka, n. a shell-fish. 

Totorongu, n. a freshwater fish. 

Tou, prep. thy. Plural ou. See 
prep. o. 

Tou, n. anus. 

Tou, V. t. I. kindle; set on fire. 
Toua te rama. 2. dip into wa- 
ter; wet. 3. plant. E warn 

toutou— Tiia. 


nga kopura, whatiwhatiia ana; 
ka toua, a ka tupu ^114). 

toutou, n. a small black bird. 

Tou, ad. a contracted form of 
Innii. See tonu. 

TOiia, n. yolk of an egg. 

Toukeke, a. churlish. 

Toupiore, a. listless; languid, Na 
te wcrawera au i toupiore ai, 
te tae atu ai au ki a koe. 

TSurawhi, a. male (of animals 

Touwha, V. i. swell. Ka touwha 
te puku. 

TOwahiwahi, and t5waw&hi, a. 
1. moist; watery. Towawahi 
ana nga kanohi; me te mea e 
tangi ana. 2. shining. Towa- 
wahi ana te taupoki o te pou- 
aka. 3. sleek. 

T5w&i, n. umnmannia racemosa ; 
a treo. 

TdwSnd, T. i. set, Ka towene- 
wene te ra ki te rua. 

towenewene, a. importunate ; tire- 

whakatowenewene, v. i. be trou- 
blesome. Ka tika kia riri mai 
tera; nau hoki i whakatowene- 
weue atu ki a ia. 

TOwh&rd, V. t. murder in euld 

T0wh§r6, a. red. Ka towhero 
te puku. 

I. Ta, n. 1 . part of a fishing net 
which is first in the water. 2. 
girdle to which the 'maro* was 
attached. 3. manner; sort. Na 
wai tenei tu mahir 

II. Ta, V. i. 1. stand. Ka tu nga 
tokotoko ki roto ki te otaota 
(79). Pass, turia; be set on 
foot. Ka turia te korero. be 
arranged. Katahi ka turia te 
haka (167). 2. be vehement. 
Tu ana te kiha a tou tangata. 

be hit ; be wounded. Kua tu 
. te tao a Hatupatu (95). 4. 

be served, Kia tu katoa nga 

tu. y. t. Jight with ; engage. Ka 
puta mai ki te tu i a matou. 

tutn, V. i. I. be raised f as dust &c. 
Ka tutu te puehu. as noise; 
disturbance &c. Tutu ana te 
heihei (5\ 2. stand erect; be 
prominent. Ka tutu nga tara. 
3. be insubordinate; be disor- 
derly. Ka timata a Tapo i tana 
mahi tutu (111). Pass, tiitu- 
tia; hare violence ojffered to one. 
Kua tututia taku wahine (117). 

ttlttl, V. t. 1. summon; assemble. 
Ka mahara a Manaia kia tutu- 
ria he tangata hei ohu warn 
mo ana tao (1 17). 2. tutu wae- 
wae; or tutu ngarehu; dance 
a war -dance. 3. .set on Jire, 
Me tutu te koraha kia atea ai 
te ara. — Tungia ho ahi kia ma- 
hana ai tatou. 

tata, n. 1 . messenger sent to sum- 
mon people; summoner. Ka tu- 
kua te tutu. 2. perch for birds. 

whakatu, v. t. 1. erect; set up. 
2. make a set .speech. Na Te 
Koki enei whakatu ki ana ta- 
mariki. 3. propound a subject 
for discussion. 4. instigate. Kua 
oma te mokai nei : na wai ra 
i whakatu kia haerer 

turanga, n. circumstance, time or 
place of standing &c. See tu. 
Turanga-tohu, war-dance. Tu- 
ranga- whanau ; relationship of 

ttlng&, n. 1. circumstance &c. of 
being wounded. 2. wound. 

I. Tua, n. the further side of a 
solid body. Tua-o-rangi; days 
gone by. Me aha hoki te ki i 
korerotia i tua o rangi ? 

tua, a. on the further side. Te 
tai tua, the western sea. 

II. Tiia. u a form of address us- 
ed by the NGatiwhatua tribe. 
Haere mai, e tua. 



Tiia— Taar&ngi. 

HI. Ttia. 

tuatua, 11. 1. rid^e. 2. a species 

of a shell-fish. 
tutuatanga, n. ridge. 

IV. Tiia, ordinal prefix to nume- 
ral adjectives. Te tuarua o nga 
haerenga (133). Ka tuahia koe 
ki Taranaki ? Ka tuarua. How 
many thnes have you been to 
Taranaki? Twice. 

V. Tiia, V. t. fell; cut down, Ka 
riro ki te tua rakau. 

I. Tda, V. t. 1. give a name to a 
child with accompanging reli- 
gious ceremonies. Kua tuatia te 
tamaiti a te Papa. 2. mention 
the name of any one. Ko te 
tuatanga tenei o tou ingoa e 
^Gatiporou. 3. lay under the 
injluence of a spell. He kara- 
kia ano mo Tawhirimatea, he 
tua mo te rangi. See also tti- 

II. Tua, or more correctly tu-a, 
(See I. tu, 3) a prefix to ad- 
jectives &c. signifying a mode- 
rate degree of the quality ex- 
pressed. Tu-a-whero; reddish. 

Tuaahu, n. sacred place, used by 
tohunga for purposes of divi- 
nation &c. 

Ttiahae, a. jealous. 

Tuahangata, n. a familiar name 
for the hero of a story &c. *'»/// 
gentleman'' . 

Tiiahau, n. a kind of rough mat 
made from the leaves of kiekie. 

Tuahine, n. sister of a man. 

Tuahii, v. t. throw up into hillocks. 
Mo tana mara i tuahua kautia; 
kaore i whakatokia (136). 

Tuahuri, v. t. cover the roof of 
a house with a coating of raupo 
preparatory to thatching with 

Tuaitara, n. spines on the back 
of a reptile or fish. I te wehi 
ano ki nga tuaitara e tutu haere 
ana mai (150). 

Tuakana, n. 1. elder })r other of 

a male. 2. elder sister of a 

I Tiiakanga, n. circumstance &c. 
j ^*f .i^^fi'^^' See tua. 
j Tiiaki, v. t. disembowel lish or 
I birds. 

jTuakuku, v. t. 1. .scrape. Tua- 
I kukutia o harakeke. 2. take 

the roughness ofl a piece of 

i timber before dragging it out. 

I Me to puwharawhara ? Hua 

I noa me tuakuku ka to ai. 

Tuakiira, n. dicksonin squarrosa ,• 

a tree fern. 
Tuamaka, n. round cord platted 

with five strands (19). 
Tuaniii, n. roof of a house. 
Tuaniii, a. harsh; overbearing. 

Tuanui noa atu to kupu ki tou 

whakatuanui, v. i. be overbear- 
Tuangau, v. t. beat with a stick. 
Tuangi, n. cockles. 
Tuao, a. transient. He wai tuao 

te wai nei; mao rawa ake te 

ua kua rautu te waipuke. 
Tua-o-rangi, n. days gone by. 
Tuapae, n. anything bounding the 

horizon. Kia ngaro te tuapae 

whenua (21). 
Tuapeka, a. dissimulating. 
whakatuapeka, v. i. dissimulate. 
Tuapora, n. fir si fruits of a crop. 
Tuapuku, round cord platted with 

four strands. 
Tiiara, n. 1. back. 2. ally; sup- 
tuara, v. t. assist. Hoatu tua- 

ratia to teina. 
whakatuara, ad. backwards. Ko 

korua anake e haere whaka- 

tuara: ko au e kore. 
Tuarahia, n. hamatopus longi- 

rostris, a bird. 
Tuaraki, n. north wind. 
Ttiarangi, a. old; of ancient date. 

He korero tuarangi. 

Tuarangaranga — Tahiinga. 


Tuarangaranga, a. unsettled ; per- 
plexed. Ka toa a Ruku, ka 
tuarangaranga, ka kowhete a 
roto o te ngakau. 

Tiiararo, a. Iwi tuararo; buck- 

TOarenga, n. a fish: the same 
as immga. 

TrAR?, n. steward. 

TUAUi, V. t. dispense: deal out. 

Tiiaroa, n. back part of a house. 
Iwi tuarou; back bone. 

Tuarongo, n. back of a house. 

Tuata, a. Ika tuata;^.*^ roast- 
ed and eaten by the crew of a 
canoe on its Jirst ^fishing excur- 
sion; this being part of the 
'pure' ceremony. He ika tuata 
tetahi; i tunua ma nga kau- 

Tuatahi, a. Jirst, 

Tuat&ra, n. 1. a large Hsard. 
2. spines on the back of a li- 
zard. Ka momohe ra pea ona 
tuatara (154). 3. clod. 

TUSt&i, n. break on the crest of 
a wave. Ka pupuhi te hau ka 
whati te tuatea. 

Tuat&i, a. 1. pale. He manu 
tuatea; a fat bird, the skin of 
which shews white under the 
feathers. 2. anxious ; distre.s.sed. 
He tuatea ki tona hoa e mate 

whakatuatea, v. i. grow anxious. 
£ whakatuatea ana ahau ki te 
mate o taku tamaiti. 

Tuatini, n. blue shark. 

Tiiauki, a. old : of long standing. 
He mate tuaukiuki. 

TuaukipQ, u. midnight. 

Tuauriuri, a. 1. very dark. He 
po tuauriuri; a dark abyss. 2. 
very many. He mano tuauriuri. 

Tuauru, a. 1. western. Te tai 
tuauru. 2. rare; choice. Ko- 
tahi ra te manu tuauru e noho 
nei ki runga ki a tatou ; pro- 
perly said of a white kakti, and 

so of anything rare and highly 

Tiiawahine, n. a familiar name 
for the heroine of a story: *wy 
lady 070). 

Tiiawhenua. n. 1. main land. 2. 

Tuawhiti, a. thick ; fleshy ; fat. 
Tau mahi e te manawa tua- 
whiti! {\60) 

TOhfiha, a. happening late in 
the da I/. Ka tuhaha nga tai; 
ka awatea hoki. 

Tuhana, see tuwhana. 

TOhara, n. a kind of toe foe. 

TOhaua, a. quick. Kia tuhaua 
t^ haere. 

Ttlh&uwiri, V. i. shiver with cold ; 
(/ua/,e with fear. He tuhau- 
wiri te timatanga o toku mate. 

TflhSa, a. overgrown with bushes, 

TtlhSihdi, a. dishevelled. Ka tu- 
heihei nga hum o tou mahu- 

Tiihl, V. t. 1. delineate: draw; 
uTite. 2. point at : indicate by 
pointing. 3. ascertain the for- 
tune of. Katahi ia ka tuhi i 
tona atua, ara ka matakite, hei 
titiro i tona aitua (175). 

tuhituhi, V. t. write. Tuhituhia 
he pukapuka ki tou whanau- 

Tahiti, V. t. expel: banish. Ko 
au tena ka meinga kia tuhi- 
titia e koe? £ kore pea au e 
haere i to tuhiti. 

Ta]i6e, a. steep. Ka tuhoe te 
tuanui, e kore v tuturu. 

Tllh5n6, V. t. Join. Tuhonoa te- 
tahi wahi ki te taliuhu. 

TtLhila, u. obsidian; so called 
from Tuhua or Mayor Island; 
called also matd-tuhua. 

Tahung&, n. perch for birds to 
light on, placed iu a convenient 
position for killing them. He 
wero manu taua mahi ki te 
tuhunga u tu taugala uei. 



Tuhura — tukiiroa. 


Ki te tuhura ki ngu mea ka- 
hore auo i iriiria. 

Ttii, n. parson-bird ; prosthemadera 
Novce Zelandiw. 

Tiii, V. t. 1. pierce. He karakia 
tui, a charm for spearing birds. 
2. thread on a string. Ka ta- 
huri mai ano tera. ki te tui i 
nga ika (179). 3. lace; fasten 
by passing a cord through holes. 
Tuia to tatou waka (60). 4. 

tui, n. string on which anything 
is threaded. Ka pau te tui te 
whakaeke ki te ngohi (179). 

tuitui, V. t. 1. laee; sew. 2. fas- 
ten up ; render inaccessible. Ko 
nga rangi i tui tuia e Tane (32). 

Tukahotea, a. having no covering 
on the roof Ko nga whare o 
konei kei te pakaru; kei te tu- 

Tukararoa, n. a bird. 

Ttikari, v. t. dig and throw up 
into hillocks. Homai he kaheru 
hei tukari i taku mara. — "Ka- 
tahi ano ka tukari te mara a 
te Noinoi", is a saying used 
when the sea is beginning to 

Tiikauati, n. whirlwind. 

Tiike, n. elbow. 

tuketuke, v. t. elbow; nudge. 
Katahi ano a Manaia ka tuke- 
tuke atu i tana tamaiti kia rere 
ki te whiu i te mataika (1 19). 

Tukekau, a. short. Tukekau nei 
te roa o te ara. 

Tukemata, n. eyebrow. 

Tiiki, V. t. 1. strike with any- 
thing impelled endwise; ram. 
2. butt. 3. attack. Ki a Ta- 
ngaroa, me tomo te pa; ki a 
Rangitu, me tuki ata. 

tiituki, V. i. reach its furthest li- 
mit, Ka tutuki te tai; it is 
high vjater. be finished; be 
completed, Kia tutuki to korero. 

ttitiiki, V. i. strike against an ob- 
ject; stumble. Ka tutuki toku 
waewae ki terakau. 

tukituki, V. t. 1 . demolish ; knock 
to pieces. I tukitukia katoatia 
nga whare e te taua. 2. de- 
stroy ; kill. Tukitukia te kuri. 
3. take to pieces; take down. 
Me tukituki te taiepa, ka ha- 
nga ai kia pai. 

Tuki, V. i. give the time to ro- 
wers in a canoe. 

Ttikino, v. t. ill-treat; use with 

Tukipoho, a. contrary; (of the 

Tukorehu, n. plantago ; a plant. 

Tukii, V. t. let go ; give up ; al- 
low. Tukua marietia nga pa- 
keha kia haere. — Tukua atu, is 
often used as equivalent to here- 

tuku, V. i. 1. set to. Tana tuku- 
uga atu ki te kai (94). 2. sub- 
side. Kia tuku te wai ka whiti 
ai ki tawahi. 3. settle down. 
Ka tuku katoa te mangu o te 
rangi. Tukunga atu mo; place 
into which one may be received, 
Tukunga iho; end; result. 

tuku, n. incantation used in ca- 
ses of cliildbirth. 

tukutuku, n. 1. web of a spider. 
2. ornamental work in the in- 
terior of a house. ' 

Tukiiku, v. t. plunder. Tukukua 
katoatia ana te kai a Taki. 

Tukiimaru, a. cloudy E tuku- 
maru ana te rangi. 

Tukiipu, a. 1. coming down on 
all sides. He ua tukupu. 2. 
overcast; lowering. Tukupu ana 
te rangi. 3. covering comple- 
tely. He moko tukupu. 

Tukiiroa, n. back-stay of the sail 
of a canoe. 

tukiiroa, a. ill-supplied. He tau 
tukuroa; a season of famine. 

TiimS — TtUigiirii. 



whaketnima, v. i. menace; act 
Hefanihj. Xa reira ano ka 
whakatumaturaa (79). 

TtUna, n. odd number in excess. 
Kotahi rau, tuma, o te taua. 

Tainahan&, n. return present for 
a kaihaukai, given at the same 

Tflm&n&k5, v. t. regard any ab- 
sent object with favour f or de- 
sire. Tumanako tonu te nga- 
kau ki te mea i kiia mai moku. 

TOinang&i, n. a kind of charm 

TaraarS, a. hard; so/id. 

TOmaru, a shady. Kia haere ki 
te wahi c tumam iho ana i te 

Tllm&t&, V. t. set on Jire; burn. 

Tam&t&k&hiiki, n. upright sticks, 
between the posts of a native 
house, for supporting the laths, 
to which the reeds are fastened. 

TUm&t&kiiru, n. disraria touma- 
tnti: a shrub. 

TtlmSt&tSng&, a. apprehensive; 
anxious. He tnmatatenga noku 
ki a koutou. 

Tttm&t6hT, a. 1 . marching in dose 
order. 2. watchful ; on the alert. 
Kia tumatohi ; mo te hnalu rawa 
mai, kua rite. 

Tam&u, a. fixed; constant. He 
kaainga tumau. 

tumau, n. housekeeper; cook; 

TtimSkS, v. i. take fright. E kore 
au e tumeke i o korero whaka- 
wehiwehi mai. 

Tumere, n. a weapon of war. 

Ttlm6rSm6r8, a. shorn of exter- 
na/ appendages. Tumoremore 
kau ana te rakau, kahore he 

Tumu, V. i. 1. ha/t suddenly, 2. 
start involuntarily. Tumu ana 
to waewae, he kowhera; he 
aitua. 3. rnn : grunt. 

I tumu or tumutumu, n. 1 . stump 
j of a tree. 2. part of an ap- 
paratus for snaring birds. 
I TUmti, n. promontory ; headland. 
I tumu, a. contrary. He hau tumu. 
I Tumuaki, n. crown of the head. 
Tuna, n. eel. 

\ TunSwha, v. i. close the eyes as 
j when overcome with sleep; be 

.Ttinii, v. t. 1. roast; broil. Tu- 
1 nua nga riwai ki te ahi. 2. 
inspire with fear. Na reira ano 
i tunu ake e ki ana ke matua 
tangata (101). 
tunutunu, a. faint-hearted ; afraid. 
Tunutunu ana te whakaaro o 
te tangata. 
Tiiniiliiirtihiirii, v. t. do violence 
to a friend or connection: of- 
I feni; injure. 
Tang&, see tu. 

! Tilng&, n. 1. grub of a species 

j o/*/><?^//«», found in decayed wood. 

! 2. decayed tooth; toothache. 

tungatung^, v. i. beckon; make 

signs. I ia Manaia e tunga- 

tunga atu ana ki tana tamaiti 

tupu (119). 

TiingSnS, n. brother of a female. 

I TdngSngS, v. i. be out of breath. 

Tiing&ngi, n. a shell-fish. He 

ara whakatungangi, a stile. 
Tang&r&ng&r&, v. i. be fatigued. 
I Tang&r5a, n. back part of a na- 
tive house. 
TiingShd, v. i. quail; be alarm- 
ed. E kore au e tungehe. 
T^gitiingi, n. sacred oven near 

a cultivation. 
Tiingdu, V. i. nod; beckon. E 
tungou mai ana te tangata ra 

ki a taua. 

large moth. 
Ttlngiirti, a. 

n. chrysalis of a 

1. worn away by 
friction ; blunted. 2. having lost 
one's influence. Ka tungurutia 


Ttmgutii — whakatupu. 

maua ki te titiro mai a te ta- 

Tamgiitu, y. t. 1. put together 
the sticks of a fire. Tungiitu- 
ngutua nga mounga, 2. set 
on fire ; burn. Kei te tungutu 
a Te Warn i toana waerenga. 

Tuohii, V. i. stoop,- bow the head, 
E tuohu tonu ana ahau, koia 
ahaii te kite ai. 2. keep one- 
self out of the way. E tuohu 
mai nei i roto i tona whare i 
tona whare. 

Tuoi, a. thin; lean. He kara- 
rehe tuoi, e kore e kainga. 

Ttioro. He tuna tuoro; ka ra- 
ngona te tau o te tuoro. 

Tupa, n. a shell-fish. 

tupa, a. unfruitful. He karaka 

Tupaki, a. fair; without rain. 
Ka nui te roa o te tupakita- 
nga, o te korenga e ua. 

tupakipaki, a. small. He whare 

Tupakihi, n. coriaria luscifolia, 
a shrub. 

Ttipapaku, n. 1. corpse. 2. sick 
person. 3. one intended to be 

Tupare, n. chnplet. WHatiia mai 
he kowhai hei tupare. 

Tuparipari, n. low bank of a 

Tuparii, v. t. coat with raupo. 
Tuparuparua te whare. 

Tlipatm, n. north-west wind. 

Tiipato, a. cautious; suspicious. 

Tupe, V. t. deprive of power by 
means of a charm. Katahi ka 
tahuri ki te tupe i te tupapaku; 
na, kua ngoikore te tupapaku 

Tiipehu, a. angry; blustering. 

Haere tupehu ana te tangata. 
TuPEKA, n. tobacco. 
Tupeke, v. i. jump; leap. 

I Tupere, v. t. ejaculate. Kaore 
an e tupere atu, 'Tena koe'. 

! Tuperepere, a. 1. boisterous. He 
marangai tuperepere. 2. vigo- 

j rous ; as the growth of plants. 

I Tupereru. 

• whakatupereru , v. i. make a 

I noise with the lips. 

tTupo, a. Kua tupo, 1. cave in 
which the bones of the dead are 
deposited f after the flesh has 
decayed. 2. hole over which in- 
cantations were performed for 
the purpose of depriving one's 
enemies of power. Compare rua 
haeroa, under haeroa. 

Tupoki, V. t. cover. 

tupoki, n. covering; lid. 

Ttipono, V. t. light upon acciden- 
tally ; chance to hit. Tupono 
pu te rakau ki te kanohi o te 
Tupoporo, V. i. be overturned. 
Tupore, v. t. behave kindhj to. 
Tup ore rangi tahi; whakariri 
kei rau rangi. 
Tupou, ortupoupou, v. t. 1. put 
the head downwards ; stoop down. 
2. fall or throw oneself head- 
long. 3. dive. 
tupoupou, n. porpoise. 
Tiipu, V. i. 1 . grow ; increase. E 
tupu tonu mai nei ano te ku- 
mara i te pari o taua whenua 
(74). 2. spring up. Ka tupu 

i te whawhai a taua pa ki nga 

I tangata o Awhitu (166). 3. be 

I firmly fixed. Tupu tonu te pou 

j nei. 

'tupu, n. 1. shoot; bud. 2. growth. 

! 3. social position. WHakaheke- 

I tupu; treat with indignity. He 

I iwi kino te iwi nei; he iwi 

I whakaheke tupu tangata (141). 

tupu, a. genuine; own. Tana 

tama tupu (119). 
tuputupu, n. a kind of mat. 
whakatupu, v. t. 1. cause to 
grow; cherish; rear. 2. assume 

TupM Turii. 


the character or appearance of; \ Ttlrere , t. i. steal away ; Jlee. 
make oneself like. Katahi ka Kua turere atu te kiore. — Tu- 
wkakatupu kuri te tangata ra. rere ana te moe i aku kanohi. 
Tupua, n. 1. goblin ; demon. 2. TdrStirSti, a. unsteady. Kei taka 
object for tetTor; taniwha &c. koo; e turetireti ana te kaho. 

3. strange sickness. 
tupua, a. strange. 
tupua, V. t. steal. Kia tupuatia 

ai a Kae e ratou (37). 
whakatupua, n. a fish. 
Ttlpuhi, n. gale ; storm. He tu- 

Tiin, u. 1. knee. Na wai ra, i 
raro te wai, a ka to nga turi 
(120). 2. post of a fence. 

Tttri, a. 1. deaf. 2. obstinate; 
stubborn. He turi raaori no te 
koroke nci. 

puhi tenei ; e kore tatou e puta. turituri, a. 1 . obstinate. He tu- 
tupubi, a X.thin; lean. He tu- i rituri tonu te iwi nei ki te 

puhi te kiore. 2. inactive ; ! noho ki tona mahau, ki tona 

sluggish. Kati me he tupuhi;; mahau. 2. noisy. 

Be no longer inactive. I turituri, n. noise. E kore u ra- 

Tupun&, n. ancestor; male or fe- ; ngona i te turituri. — Turituri! 

male. Plural ttlpun&. Hush! 

TQpuni, V. t. put on the outer \ whakatuturi, v. i. be obstinate. 

covering of the walla of a house. \ See also ttlturi. 

Me tupuni ki te raupo. TiirikSkda, n. spinifcx hirsutus; 

Tupur&ng&, n. derivative from a kind of grass. Ka ngau ki 

tupu. iSee tupu. tc turikakoa te paringa o te 

Tllr&h&, V. i. keep away; keep tai, e tika ana te rere o te 

clear. Turaha ana te kai i a! kuaka. 

ia. ' Turing5ng3ngong5, a. crippled; 

Tiir&ki, v. t. throw down from an lame. 

upright position; push down. Turip€pdkd, a. having the knees 

I kite au i te turakanga o te ^ bent. £ turipepeke ana tc haere. 

tamaiti nei ki roto ki te wai. Tilrip6n&, n. knee-joint. 
turaturaki, v. t. throw down a Tiiripa, a. weak in the knees. 

number of things. i He waewau turipu. 

Tar&in&, v. t. light with a torch ; I Turituri-pourewa, n. a bird. 

give light to. Turamatia ahau I Turiwfit&it&i, v. i. be benumbed; 

e hoa; ka pouri kerekere. shiver. 

Tiir&m5e, v. i. be sleepy. TuriwSt&ut&u, v. i. be benumbed : 

Ttbr&p&, V. i. spring. Turapa tonu ! shiver. 

atu a Tama ki tona moenga Ti!ir6ri, v. i. stagger; totter. Ka 

(71\ haramai tenei ka turori ki te 

Tur&pan&, v. t. fillip. whare. 

Ttlr&r&, V. t. spread out. Tura- Ttlr6r6, n. t. sick person. Kua 

raa ki te ahi, kia maroke. turorotia a Moka. 2. corpse. 

TuuF, n. law. turoro, a. sick. 

TtlrShii, v. i. doze. Turdt6w&eng&, n. middle. No 

turehu. a. indistinctly seen te turotowaenga o tc po. 

inrehUy n. ghost : fairy : anything Tiirii, n. the moon at fifteen days 

dim /if seen. old. 

Tliiii, Ti. Tuesday. Tiiru, v. i. lust a short time. 1'uru 

TtLr§p6, n. a tree. | tahanga atu; in a little while. 


Turu — TtltunawSi. 

Pass. Turua; be done for a 
short time. Turua kautia ki te 
taha ki te whatitoka; tnrua 
kautia ki roto (66). 

Turu, or turuturu, n. stick to 
steady oneself tiy. 

turu, V. t. build an eel weir. 
Kei te turu pa a Moka. 

tuturu, V. i. leak; drip. 

tuturu, a. fixed; permanent. 

tuturu, V. i. kneel. Tuturu ou 

TtEU, n. stool; seat. 

Turua, a. beautiful. Anana! ka 
turua ra! (21). 

Ttiriiapo, n. midnight, 

Turuatii, n. a bird. 

Turuawaenga, ^ j ^ ^.^^/^ 

Turuawaenganui, ) 

Ttiruawepo, n. midnight. 

Turuki, v. i. 1. grow up in ad- 
dition ; as the sucker of a tree 
&c. Ka turuki ake nga huru- 
huru hou o te manu. 2. come 
up with afterwards; come as a 
supplement. Ka haere atu kou- 
tou apopo ; ka turuki atu matou 
i muri. 3. travel by short sta- 
ges, Na te turuki o to ratou 
haere i tae mai ai he awhina. 
4. be full. Turuki tonu te waka. 

turuki, V. t. 1. supplement with 
a second. Turnkitia te rahui. 
2. thatch a house. 

turuki, n. sucker; anything sup- 

Tiirupou, v. t. support on a pole. 
Turupoutia iho nga karaha ki 
te rakau. 

Tururii. y. i. 1. cover oneself from 
the cold. He aha koe ka tu- 
ruru ai? 2. crouch; be down- 
cast, Ka pai kia liaere koe ki 
te iwi e noho tururu mai ra. 
Turutii, n. dianella intermedia, 

a plant. 
Tiita, n. back of the neck, 
Ttitae, n. dung. 

Tutae-whetu, some phosphores- 
cent substance. 

Ttitai, n spy; scout. 

Ttitaki, v. t. 1. meet. Tutaki 
ana i tana wahine nei e wero 
manu ana mana (95). 2. make 
to meet ; put to ; close. Tuta- 
kina te taupoki o te pouaka. 

tutaki, and tutataki, a. touch- 
ing; meeting. 

Tutanga, n. portion; division. 

tutangatanga, v. t. cut into por- 
tions. Hei apopo ka tutanga- 
tanga i nga rakau nei. 

Tutara, n. small talk; gossip. 

Tutata, a. near. 

Tutaumaha, n. a kind of charm 
or incantation (159). 

Tute, y. t. shoiw with a pole. 
Tutea te waka ki waho. 

tutetute, V. t. jostle; hustle. 

Tutei, V. t. spy; reconnoitre. 

tutei, n. spy; scout. 

Tutetiike, v. t. push with the 

Tuteure, n. a shell-fish; a kind 
of fusus. 

Tutika, a. upright. 

Tutira, n. row; file, 
I Tutohu, V. t. receive a proposal 
favourably ; give consent to. Tu- 
tohu ahiahi; whakarere hapai. 
Accept at night and reject in 
the morning. 

Tiitu, n. coriaria ruscifolia; a 

Tiitu, V, t. melt down fat &c. Ka- 
tahi ka tutua ki te taha (153). 


whakatutu, v. t. fasten a net to 
a hoop for the purpose of catch- 
ing certain kinds of fish. 

Tutti, see under tu. 

Tuttia, a. mean; low-born, 

Tutua, see under tua. 

Ttituira, n. a fish; a small sting- 

Tutunawai, n. a water plant. 

Tutup&pa— ITa. 


Tutiipapa, n. con'an'a t hy mi folia y 

a plant. 
TQturi, V. i. kneel, Ka tuturi ona 

turi; he kneels. 
TGtutu, V. t perform a certain 

ceremony over a kumara ground 

Trith a view to promote fecundity. 
Tututiipe, n. redness; glow. Ka 

tau te tututupo ki runga i te 

rangi (81) 
Tawa, a. growing out of place ; 

Tuwaharoa, v. i. yawn. 
Tilwat&w&t&, n. main fence of a 

pa, called also katua. 

Tiiwha, v. t. distribute. Tuwhaia 

nga kai ma nga tangata nei. 
TtLwliana, v. t. urge ; incite. Nau 

i tuwhana nga tangata o mua 

ki te haere. 
Tiiwheke, a. covered with sores. 

Toku tinana ka tuwheketia nei. 

i Tawhenua, a. covered with sores. 

Tfl.wh§ra, a. open. Ka tuwhera 
te kuwaha. 

whakatuwhera, v. t. open; set 

TUwhiti, V. t. expel; banish. Com- 
pare tuhiti. 


U, n. breast of a female; udder; 

U, V. i. 1. be firm; be fixed. Ka- 
hore i u nga pou o te taiepa; 
tarure noa ana. 2. reach the 
land ; arrive by water. Ka hoe 
a Tainui, ka u ki Kawhia (76). 
Pass, ungia, be arrived at, Ka- 
tahi ano ka ungia e te waka 
te tauranga o Kiki (172). 

whakaO, v. t. 1. make firm. 2. 
kindle a fire. 3. bring to land. 
WHakauria to tatou waka ki 
uta. 4. with a reilex sense, 
bring oneself to a place; ar- 
rive; come up. Ka tae atu ki 
te ana, ka whakau pahi marie 
te ope ra (159). 5. perform 
a certain ceremony on first ar- 
rival at a place, to guard against 
infringement of *tapu'. 

U, prep, used in an elliptical form 
of expression, u ana, u au, &c. 
and implying sympathy with 
the person spoken of. He aha 
koa u ana, tc waiho ai hei 
hoaaroha mo tatou? (12). //'% 
should he noty poor fellow, be 
allowed to stay &c. E tika ana 

runga i ou 

u au; haere ano 
mohiotanga (15). 

Ua, (<l) n. 1. back-bone. Kua tika 
te ua o te tangata ra ki te 
haere (169). back of the neck. 
Ko te ua kau i maranga (101). 
2. thick twisted or platted hem 
on the collar of a mat. 

tlaiia, n. 1. sinew. 2. vein; ar- 
tery. 3. firmness; resolution; 

, uaua, a. 1. strenuous; pertina- 
cious. Uaua tonu ia ki te ora 
mana. 2. difficult. Katahi te 
mahi uaua. 

whakauaua, v. i. \. be strenuous, 
2. be reluctant. 

Ua, (a) V. i. rain. Akuanei pea 
ka ua. Pass, uaina, be rain- 
ed upon. Ka uaina koc ki to 
haere aianei. 

ua, n. rain. Ua-po; showery wea- 

Ua, (il) ad. when. Ko reira koe 
kite ai, ua tae koe ki te kaai- 

Ua, (Qa) a particle used in ex- 
postulation. Kati ua haere mai 
ki konei. Don't, pray, come 


USki — UmSre. 

here any more. Kati ua tohe- 
tohe; do not be so obstinate! 

XJaki, (ti) V. t. 1 . launch ; push 
endwise. Uakina mai te rakau 
na. 2. push a sliding door, so 
as either to open or shut ; hence 
simply, open ; shut. 

Uanga, fime &c. — of raining. See 

Uapare, (u) v. t. attribute to ano- 
ther what is charged to one- 

Uariia, (u-) n. cioah with a cape 
to it. 

Ue, (u) n. the moon on the fourth 

Ue, (tl) V. t. wove a canoe with 
a paddle worked against the 
side; ."icull; steer with a paddle. 
Uea to tatou waka ki waho. 

ueue, V. t. incite; impel. Me he 
ru na ano e ueue ana i a tua- 
wahine (132). 

Ueha, n. prop; support. Homai 
tetahi rakau hei ueha mo te 

TTene, (ti) v. i. whine. 

Uepu, (tie) n. company; party. 
Tena ano tetahi uepu whakaae; 
tetahi uepu whakakahore. 

Uere, (lie) n. a shell-fish. 

Uhi, (ii) n. an instrument used 
for puncturing the skin in tat- 
tooing. NGa uhi matarau a 
TJetonga (30). 

Uho, (ii) n. 1, heart of a tree. 
2. umbilical cord. Comp. iho. 

uho, a. sound. He riri ano ta 
te tawa uho, he riri ano ta te 
tawa para (145). 

Uhu, (iihii) V. t. perform certain 
ceremonies over the bones of 
the dead. Tae rawa atu ma- 
tou meake mutu te uhu. Com- 
pare liahu. 

Uhumanea, (iihii) a. knowing; 

Uhunga, n. derivative from uhu. 
See uhu. 

Uhunga, (tihti) v. t. cry over; 
lament. Haere kia uhungatia 

Ui, (tli) V. i. 1. ask; enquire. Ka- 
tahi ka ui atu te wahine ra, 
he aha tau, i haere mai ai koe 
ki konei? 2. relax or loosen 
a noose, I uia te kaha i te 
kaki o te manu. 

Uira, (tii) v. i. gleam; flash. Te 
uira o te ahi o te Arawa (81). 
He taua pea tera, ina hoki nga 
pu ka uira mai nei. 

uira, n. lightning. Ka puta te 
hau, te ua, te uira, te whati- 
tiri (93). 

Uka, (ti), V. i. be fixed. E uka 
ana a raro o te pou i te one. 

ukauka, v. i. 1. be preserved; last. 
Kawea nga kai ki runga whata, 
kia ukauka ai mo etahi rangi. 
2. be slow; be sluggish. Kihai 
i ukauka to matou whakatika- 
nga ake. 

Uki, (tiki) n. ancient times. No 
uki, no nehe, no whakapata. 

ukiuki, a. old. 

Uku, (tikil) n. white clay. 

uku, v. t. wash, using clay for 
soap. Ka haere a Marutuahu 
ki te uku i toua mahunga ki 
te wai (138). 

Ukui, (iikfii) v. t. wipe; rub. 

ukui, n. white clay. 

Ukupapa, (uku) v. i. be all con- 
sumed; be all dealt with with- 
out exception. Compare oro- 

Ukupara, (likti) v. t. smudge. 

Uma, (u) n. bosom ; chest. 

Umaraha, (ii) a. 1. extended; 
wide. Kaore e pai to tatou pa 
ki konei, ke umaraha rawa. 
2. beivildered; abroad. Katahi 
ka umaraha nga whakaaro. 

Umere, (ii) v.i. 1. sing or chaunt, 
to keep time in any united ef- 
fort. 2. shout in wonder, satis- 
faction &c. Ano te mangai o 

Umiki — Uruhanga. 


te tangata me te ia wai, e ta- 
ngi ana te umere (160). 

Umiki, (il) V. t. traverse; go 
round. Xana i umiki te whe- 

Umu, (timti) n. native oven; ha- 
ngi. Pokia ta tatou umu. 

whakaumu, n. hole dug in the 
ground to serve as a landmark, 
or to mark the spot where any 
one has fallen in battle. 

Unahi, (fl) n. scale of a fish. 

unahi, v. t. scale a fish. Una- 
hia nga ika nei. Comp. inohi. 

Un§n8, (a) V. i. beg importuua 
tely. Hore i te unene o te 
tangata nei ki taku pouaka. 

Unu, (iina) v. t. \. pull off. Kei 
te unu i ona kakahu. 2. draw 
out. He tangata ke nana i tiki 
mai i unu nga titi (66). 3. 
bring out; exhibit. Ka unu- 
hia te tere o te waka. 

Unudri, (lina) n. object of in- 
tense affection. Kei tua e Te- 
nga, unuora i ahau. 

Ung&, (<i) V. t. 1. send. Ungaa 
atu tetahi tangata ki tawahi, 
ki te tiki kai. 2. cause to be 
born. Kahore he karakia i ma- 
hue nei hei unga mai i to ta- 
maiti ki waho (128). 

nng&, (Q) n. dorivative from u. 
Sec u, V. i. 

Ungutu, i^ung) v. t. place things 
sn that the ends touch one ano- 
ther. Ungutungutua nga raotu- 
motu. V. i. meet together. 

Up&nS, (fl) a. abreast; in even 
rank. Upane tonu te haere o 
te taua. 

Up6k6, (H) n. head; upper part. 
Kua mau te ringa o Rata ki 
te upoko; ka patua, ka mate 
(55) — Kei te upoko o te mara 
e tukoto ana. 

Updkdhue, vti) n. porpoise. 

Updk6r6r6, (a) n. a fish. 

Upokotangata, (ii) n. a kind of 

Ura, (li) V. i. 1. be red or brown. 
Ka ura te kanohi i te riri, 
2. glow; especially of sunrise. 
Kaore ano i roa kau ake te 
uranga o te ra, kua po (18). 

ITr&nga, (u) n. derivative from 
u. See u, V. i. 

Ur§, (li) n. mem brum virile. 

ureure, n. ripe fruit of kiekie or 
freycinetia Bank.sii. 

Uri, (<S) n. 1. offspring; descend- 
ants. To Tamure uri, tenei ano 
te ora nei (174). 2. race. I 
mohiotia ai he uri makutu, no 
te tikanga iho a ona tupuna 
(174). relative; blood connec- 
tion. Ko wai tona uri i haere 
ai ia ki reira? 

Uru, (lini) n. 1. west. Kei te 
anga te kuwaha ki te uru (110). 
2. head; upper end. E kore e 
taka te uru o a taua rakau 
(92). 3. part of an apparatus 
for catching birds. Te uru o 
te taanga. 4. single hair. NGa 
uru o te upoko. 5. grove of 
trees. Kei te uru manuka e 
tu mai ra. 

Uru, (dra) v. i. Join oneself; be 
associated. Kia uru mai koe 
ki roto ki a matou, kia ora ai 
koe. 2. participate m an action ; 
become accessory. 3. reach a 
place; arrive. E kore matou e 
uru ki WHarekahika. 

uru, V. t. repair a mat, by weav- 
ing in a new piece. Urua tou 

uruuru, a. angry. 

whakauru, v. i. ally oneself. I 
whakauru etahi o NGatihine ki 
roto ki to Uri-o-NGonga. 

whakauru. n. athj. 

Uru&hil, {HkTiX) n. tabooed place 
where certain ceremonies were 

Uruh&ng&, (iQra) n. sudden blast 


Uruhi — whakautu. 

commencing a southerly wind. 
Kei mua o te hau te uruha- 



Uruhiia, (urii) n. sweUing. 

Uruhumii, (iirii) n. swelling of 
the foot. See uruumu. 

Urukehii, (tirti) a. light- haired. 

Urukowhao, (uru) n. 1. leakage 
in a canoe through the holes 
made for the lashings of the 
rauawa. 2. any trifling damage. 
He urukowhao, e ki ana ko 

TJrumaraki, n. sudden blast of\ 

Urunga, (tirii) n. 1 . pillow. 2. | 
rudder; steer oar. 3. deriva- ■ 
tive from uru. See uru. 

Urungi, (tirii) n. rudder: steer- 
ing paddle. 

urungi, v. t. steer. 

Urupa, (tirti) v. i. 1. catch in 
the water. Ka urupa tana hoe. 
2. draw to an end. Ka urupa 
te mahi; the working season 
is over. 

urupa, n. 1. chance blow. 2. fence 
round a grave; burying place. 

Urupn, (tiru) V. i. be brought to 
the point of doing anything. I 
te mea ka urupu nei tatou ki 
te titiro i te he, e kore e ahei 
kia hoki atu tatou ki tena 

Urupiiia, (lirii) n. clump of trees. 

Ururoa, (iirii) n. 1. a shell-fish. 
2. a kind of shark. Kia ma- j 
tenga ururoa te tangata; a man | 
should die game. \ 

Ururua, (iiru) a. 1 . overgrown | 
with bushes. Ka ururuatia te | 
ara. 2. revelling; luxuriating, , 
Te kaki ururua; au mahi (94). i 

Uruta, (iirii) a. epidemic. He 
mate uruta. 

XJrutapu, (urii) a. untouched; in 

a state of nature. He ngahere- 
here urutapu. 

Urutira, (iiru) n. dorsal fin of a 

Urutoko, (iirii) n. poles erected 
on a tuaahu, or sacred place. 
Ka whakaturia nga urutoko 

Uruumu, (iirii) a. swollen. Ka 
uruumutia toku waewae; i tu- 
tuki ki te kowhatu. 

Uruuruwhenua, (iirii) n. any- 
thing thrown on a Uvahi tapiC 
for good luck. Comp. whakau, 
5. under u. 

Uta, (ii) n. 1. the land, as op- 
posed to the water. Na, ka 
hoe nei ratou, a ka tae ki uta 
(118). 2. inland parts, as op- 
posed to the coast. 

Uta, (ii) V. t. 1. put on board a 
canoe &c. Ka utaina nga uta- 
nga o ia waka, o ia waka (70). 
2, load. Katahi ka utaina te 
waka Hineiteiwaiwa (36). 

utanga, n. burden; freight. 

Uto, (ii) n. 1 . revenge. Ka kai- 
nga te kanohi o te tupapaku 
hei uto mo tona teina. 2. ob- 
ject of one's revenge; sworn 
enemy. Ka mate i a ia tona 
uto. See ito. 

Utonga, (u) a. uncooked; unripe. 
He utonga te kai nei; kaore e 

I. Utu, (iitii) n. 1. return; price 
paid; reward; ransom. Ko te 
utu tenei mo taku mahi. 2. 
satisfaction for injuries receiv- 
ed. 'Eo konei i mamingatia ai 
e Manaia taua iwi nei, kia ka- 
hakore ai ratou ki te rapu utu 
ma ratou (118). 3. reply. 

utu, V. t. 1. pay for; compensate. 
TJtua taku mahi. 2. answer. 
Kaua e utuutua nga ki a te 
iwi nei. 

whakautu, n. a term of endear- 
ment, used in speaking of a child. 

whakautuutu — Wenga, 


whakautuutu, n. a kind of charm |Uwha, (ii) a. female of brutes. 
(^^4). Uwhango, a. tnisly. 

II. Utu, (litti) V. t. 1. dip ///;lxjwhi, (11) n. a variety of potato, 
water. Ltuhia mai he wai ki ! , ^ . , , * m-, . 
to karaha. 2. fill wilh walerA^'^J^^ ^") ^- \ I" """^r- ^'^"^ 
Katahi ka utu te tangata ra i 
taua taha (91). 

III, Utu, V. i. be stanched. Pono 

atu ahau ka utu te toto. 

he tarutaru hei uwhiuwhi mo 
nga kete. 2. sprinkle, Uwhi- 
uwhia nga kakahu ki te wai. 
Uwhikaho, n. yam. 


I. Wa, n. 1. definite space; in- 
Inral ; area; ref^ion. 2. inde- 
finite space ; unenclosed conntri/. 

WHare tu ki te wa, he kai na 
te ahi. 3. time; season. He 
wa mahi tenei : e korc matou 
e haere atu. 

wa, V. i. be far advanced. Ka 
wa te po. 

w&wS, V. i. 1. ^ scattered; be 
separated. Te tahuritanga o te 
pa, ka wawa noa atu nga ta- 
ngata. 2. be planted. Ka wawa 
nga purapura ki ro oucone. 

wSwS, n. fence. Me piki au i 
runga i nga wawa o te pa nei 

whakawa, v. t. 1. accuse; bring 
a formal charge against. 2. 
condemn. 3. investigate; ad- 
judicate on. Hence, kai-wha- 
kawa; Judge. 

whakawSwS, \ t n criminate. 
Kati te whakawawa i a kou- 
tou. V. i. wrangle. Otira, i 
matua whakawawa ano nga uri 
o Tangaroa (5). 

II. Wft. 

wawa, V. i. ma Ac a loud rumbling 
or roaring noise. WHakarongo 
ki te wawa o te tai. 


wawae, v. t. divide; part; sepa- 
rate. Me wawae te rahurahu 
hei ara, — Na te hara ahau i 
wawae mai. 

j wae, n. leg : foot. Kua tokari 

taku wae. 
j waewae, n. \. leg ; foot. 2. foot- 
I mark. Ka hahauria e tetahi, 
j a ka kitca ki nga waewae e 
I takoto ana, ahu tonu ki roto 
I (202). 3. shrouds of a canoe 
I mast. 

WHakakite waewae, or tata 
I waewae; dance the war dance, 
j from the performance of which 
j it wa^ usual to augur well or 
ill of the expedition. Katahi 
I ka whakakitc t« taua ra i tona 
waewae (41). — Kia kitea te wae- 
wae tangata; i.e. as soon as it 
begins to get light. 
waenga, n. 1. circumstance, time 
or place of dividing ; division ; 
dividing line. 2. portion mark- 
ed off' hy a dividing line. 3. 
the middle; the midst: without 
any article, and with the fol- 
lowing noun in the position of 
an adjective. Kei to rapu a 
Taka i tana poaka i waenga 
parae. If no other noun is ex- 
pressed, mara is generally un- 
derstood. Tera to koroheke ra 
kua tae ki waenga e karakia 
ana (201). 
W&e&t V. i. be weary. Ka waea 

oku waewae i te haerenga. 
W&eh&uS, a. lame. 
Waekahu, n. a plant. 
Wenga, see under wae. 


Waenganui — Wai. 

Waenganui, n. J 

Waengapu, n. ( the midst. 

Waengarahi, n. \ 

Waerau, n. ciutb; crayfish. 

Waere, v. t clear by cutting down 
wood &c. 

waerenga, n. clearing for culti- 

Waero, n. 1. tail of an animal. 
2. hair of a dogs tail. Puhi- 1 
puhi rawa te paua ki te waero j 
(21). Kahu-waero; ?nat cover- \ 
ed with hair of dogs^ fails. 

Waeroa, n. musquito. \ 

Waeriiru, n. a variety of potato. I 

Waewae, see under wae. 

Waewaekaka, n. gleichenia he- 
cistophylla, a plant. 

Waha, u. 1. mouth. Kihai te ma- 
tau i man ki te waha o te ika 
(117). 2. voice. Ka hamama 
mai te waha, "Etia" ; he waha 
tangata (116). 3. sheet of a 
sail. 4. middle portion of a 
seine. 5. region. Kua ta,e mai 
a Te Warn, o Mangaaruhe, o 
te waha ki uta o te Wairoa. 

wahawaha, n. a shell-fish. 

Waha, V. t. carry on the back. 
Wahaa ana e ia a Tawhaki ki 
to raua whare (45). 

whakawaha, v. t. 1. take up on 
the back. WHakawaha e koro 
ma; ka haere tatou. 2. start; 
set in motion. I whakawahaa 
he ope. 

Wahaika, n. a wooden weapon 
of war. 

Wahakawa, a, having a distaste 
for ordinary food. Na Hotu- 
nui au i ngare mai ki tetehi 
ika mana; he wahakawa nona 
(_14_1). ^ 

Wahanga, n. derivative from wa- 
hi; see waM. 

Wahanga, n. from waha. See 

Wahaugu, a. dumb: quiet. 

Wahapti, n, mouth of a bay or 

Waharoa, n. entrance to a for- 
tified pa. 

Wahi, or wawahi, v. t. 1 . split; 
divide. Wahia ana; ka paka- 
ru; ko Matatua tetehi para, ko 
Aotea tetehi (109). 2. break 
open ; lay open ; disclose. Wa- 
wahia uga korero : kati me he 
purupuru i nga korero. 

wahi, n. 1. part; portion. Te 
tohu o Manaia i kitea ai, ko 
tetahi wahi o te ringa, he mea 
whakairo (93). 2. place; lo- 
cality. Waiho tonu iho hei 
ingoa mo tena wahi a Katikati 
o Tamatekapua (78). 


whakawahi, v. t. anoint. Kua 
oti nga turi te whakawahi ki 
te hinu. Comp. towahiwahi. 

Wahie, n. firewood. Ka ki ake 
a Tawhaki, 'Tikina he wahie 
moku (78). 

Wahina, n. virgin. 

Wahine, n. 1. woman. E noho 
a tinana tonu ana te wahine, 
te tamariki, te tana (152). 2. 
w?fe. Ka mata te umu a Kui- 
wai, wahine a Manaia (82). 
Plural wahine. 

whakawahine, n. strip of wood 
supporting the karaho of a ca- 
noe; kauhua. 

Waho, n. 1. the outside. Ka ta- 
kitakina te taniwha kia pamaro 
ai te haerenga mai ki waho o 
tona rua (151). 2. the open 
.sea, away from land. Ka mea 
atu nga tuakana, 'Tukua atu 
te punga i konei'. Ka mea 
atu ia, 'Kanaka; engari me hoe 
rawa ki waho noa atu' (20). 

I. Wai, pron. interrogative, who ? 
Ko wai tenei e haere mai nei ? 
Often used when the speaker 
either cannot or cares not to 
give the names. Muri iho ko 

W&i — whakawairua. 


Mairatea, muri iho ko wai, ko 
wai, ko wai, a muri iho ko 
WHakatau-potiki (39). — Ka oti 
ratou waka, ka huaina nga 
ingoa, ko WHiritoa, ^^ * ^,1 ko 
wai waka atu hoki, ko wai 
waka atu hoki (40). 

II. W&i, n. 1. water or any li- 
quid. E kui, kawea atu tetahi 
wai mo te mauuliiri (168). 2. 
ve.sxei to hold waler ; calabash. 
3. bag of a tishing net. E wha 
nga wai o te kupeuga. 

ill. Wai. 

whakawai. v.i vntice; begnih. 
Aua e whakarongo ki tana niahi 

Waia, V. i. \. be accustomed. 
Tau raahi, c tc haki ka waia 
ki te kai taniwha! (156). 2. 
be strained; he Ji I led with tears. 
Ka waia nga kanohi i te tiro- 

W&iSr&ngi, a. rvd. 

W&i&ri, n. small kuinara. 

W&iariki, n. hot spring. 

W&iata, a. song. Ka whakaki- 
tea ngu mahi a Itaukatauri i 
reira; te waiata, te putorino, 
te koauau (87). 

waiata, v. t or v. i. sing. 

whakawaiata, n. a iish. 

Wai&ua, n. porpoise. 

W&iShu, u a fieh. 

W&ihakihaki, n. itch, or other 
r Ufa neons disease. 

Waihanga, v. t. make. See whai- 

Waihapd, v i inrk ship; go 

W&ihinau, ii. a kind of mat. 

W&ih6, V. i. \. be left. Piki atu 
he maunga, waiho iho ona ta- 
pui i reira, he patupaiarehe 
(80). 2. let be. Mp he mea 
he kotiro, waiho te ingoa i a 
Pnretuahu (136). 

Waihoki, ad. likewise; in like 

Waikari, n. ditch. See waikeri. 

Waikauere, v. i. be without ener- 
gy ; be subdued. Na te karakia 
matou i waikauere ai ki te riri. 

Waikeo, n. a fish. 

Waikeri, u. ditch. 

Waikorohiihti, v. i. be subdued; 
be listless. 

Waikiira, u. rust. 

Waimarie, a. 1. quiet; meek. 2. 
lucky. Ko Pi anake o runga 
o to matou waka i waimarietia 
e te ika. 

W^mSha, a. insipid; distasteful. 
Kapu uoa i nga kao nei, te 
whai para; he waimeha anake. 
— Korero atu i aua korero, ko- 
rero atu ; a, waimehatia ana. 
I Wain A, n. vine; wine. 
I W&in&mu, a. having a dislike to 
\ certain kinds of food. 

Waingenge, n. a kind of shark. 

W&ingohia, a. easy. Koia ano 
te waiuRohia o tenoi pukapuka 
I ki a ail. 

I W&i6r&, n. spaces between the tat- 
I tooed lines. 

j W&ipa, n. sound of the ^firing of 
I gttns. 

W&ipukg, n. flood. Na te wai- 
puke i kore ai c tae to matou ope. 

W&ir&k&u, n. manure. 

W&ir&ngi, a. 1. lic.'iide oneself. 
Kua wliakawairaugi uoa ake te 
ugakau ki te kai o ia wahine 
(167). 2. foolish. Nona ano 
tona wairangi ki te tahae, me 
tona whiu. 

W&ir&nii, n. gravy. 

W&ir&r&u&, n. gravy; juice. 

W&ir&u, n. gleanings of potato 
or kumara. 

WairSka, a. agreeable; in favour. 
Kai wairekatia ki reira, e kore 
e hoki. 

W&ir6ri, v. i. turn round. 

W&iriia, n. 1. spirit. 2. unsub- 
stantial image ; shadow. 

whakawairua, v. i. I. be repre- 


Waitahinga — whakaware. 

sented by an unsuhstantial image. 
E whakawairua mai ra te waka 
i roto i te wai. 2. appear dim 
and shadowy. Kei whea te 
waka nei? — E, e whakawairua 
kau ana. 

Waitahinga, n. ditch. 

Waitau, v. i. 1. moulder; perish. 
WHahikitia te rua, kei waitau 
ake nga kai. 2. be vjorn out; 
be faint. Kua waitau te nga- 
kau i te tirohanga. 

Waitohi, n. a charm repeated 
before engaging in battle. 

Waitohu, n. mark. 

waitohu, V. t. mark an animal. 
Waitohungia a tatou poaka. 

Waitiihi. I reira ka kawea kia 
whakawaituhitia te wahine ra 

Waiu, n. milk, Waiu - o - Kahu- 
kura; euphorbia glauca, a plant. 

Waiuatiia, n. rhabdothamnus So- 
landri; a plant. 

Waka, n. 1. canoe. Ka oti nga 
waka ra te waihanga, ka toia 
ki waho manu ai (70). 2. any- 
thing shaped like a canoe. 3. 
medium of an atua. WHaka- 
eke kau ana a Hakawau ki te 
pa te waka o aua atua, ka 
kitea mai e haere atu ana te 
waka o enei atua (177). 

wakawaka, n. parallel ridges. 
E rua nga wakawaka o te mara 
nei ka oti. 

Wakawa, a. having a distaste for 
food. See wahakawa. 

Wana, v. i. bud; shoot. 

wana, n. 1. young shoot. 2. stake 
or paling of a fence. 3. divi- 
sion of a heap of food as plac- 
ed at the time of a hakari. 
Kotahi wana i a matou. 

wanawana, n. 1. spines; brist- 
les. Tu-te-wanawana, bristle 
up ; become exasperated. Ta kou- 
tou, he mea kia tu te wana- 
wana te iwi nei 2. fear; 

thrill. Ka rere mai te wana- 
wana i te aranga matua ki te 

whakawanawana , v. i. throw 
out bristles; throw out rays. 
Ka whakawanawana te ra. 

Wani, V. t. 1. scrape. Kei te 
waniwani riwai nga wahine. 2. 
skim along ; touch lightly ; graze. 
Wani mai ana i runga i nga 
maunga. — Kia wani te waka ki 
tera taha. 3. b?'ush or comb 
the hair. Kei te wani a Rehe 
i tona mahunga. 

wani, n. sticks for obtaining fire 
by friction. See kauahi. 

Wao, n. forest. Naku koe i tiki 
ki te wao nui a Tane. 

wawao, V. t. 1. part combatants. 
Waona nga tamariki nei; aua 
e tukua kia whawhai. 2. dis- 
tract one'^s attention. I ware- 
ware au ki tena; na te maha 
nga korero i wawao. 

Waoko, n. bush-man. 

Waokii, n. dense forest. E noho 
ana ki te waoku, he pukepuke 
ki tetahi taha, he pukepuke ki 
tetahi taha. 


wawara, v. i. make an indistinct 
sound; murmur; rustle. E Re- 
hua, kaore ranei koe i rongo 
wawara o raro nei na? (33). 

Warahoe, a. false. He hunga 
warahoe koutou. 

I. Ware, a. 1. mean in social 
position. Ko taua moenga, he 
moenga rangatira iho ano; e 
kore nga ware e moe i reira. 
2. ignorant. 

wareware, a. 1. forgetful. I 
wareware pea koe ki ta taua 
korero. 2. forgotten. Ka ware- 
ware i a au te ingoa o tenei 

whakaware, v. t. 1. distract 
one''s attention; hinder. I wha- 

Ware — wene. 


kawarea ahau e te manuhiri i 
roa ai. 2. beguiie. 

II. War§, n. viscous Jluid ; spittle; 
exuflalion from trees. 

W&r§a, V. pass, be occupied; be 
absorbed. Tino omanga o te 
iwi ra ki roto ki te pa, ki nga 
patu; warca ki reira, e haere 
marie ana a Te Ponga ma (171). 
— No te wareatanga e te moe 
te tangata, ka haere te wa- 
hine nei ka oma (144). 

Warehou, n. a fish. 

Wari, n. potato that has become 
watery through age or frost. 

wariwari, n. guard-Jishy takeke. 


W&rd, a. rirep rtnir or jxf kore 
kau noa ake kia kitea tetahi 
waro, kia pera me te ware o 
Pekehaua (158). 


w&ward, V. i. sotmd indistineiii/. 
He reo tangata ten a e wawaro 
mai na. 

W&rii, a. ei;f/it. E warn pu is 
sometimes used ironically for 
not at ail; by no means. Kia 
mahue te wlianakc o Paoa? £ 
warn pu te mahue ki raro (193). 

W&rfi, V. t. scrape; shave; cat 
the hair. Ka mahara a Ma- 
naia kia tuturia he tangata, 
hei ohn warn mo ana tao (117). 


w&w&t&, V. t desire earnestly; 
iongfor. E wawata puku ana 
tetehi, me tetehi, ki a raua ake 

watawata, a. full of holes ; per- 

WfitSa, a. I unoccupied; clear. 
He whare watea tena. 2. cau- 
tious. Kia watea te tango i 
to NGapuhi. 


wSw&u, V. i. 1. quarrel; wrangle. 
' ///(//•'• ii noise. 

wawau, n. 1. noise. 2. coward. 

Wawe, ad. 1. soon. E kore ta- 
tou e tae wawe atu. 2. first. 
E tatari tonu mai ai a Kiki, 
ko Tamure te kai wawe i taua 
hangi tapu, kia hohoro ai a 
Tamure te mate (173). 


wSwS, V. i. yelp as a dog. 

W8h8, wehewehe, v. t. divide; 
detach. Ko Raugi raua ko Papa 
e pipiri tonu ana, kaore ano i 
wehea noatia (1). 

wehe, V. i. be enraptured ; be 
transported with delight. Ka 
wehe te Hauhau i to rekareka. 

wehe, a. deficient in food. He 
tau wehe; a year of scarcity, 

WShSrtia, a. 1. divided; leading 
by different routes. He ara wehe- 
rua. 2. /// doubt; anxious. Ka 
weherua au ki te kupu a Ka- 

WShi, V. i. be afraid. Heoi, ka 
whati te ope ra i te wehi ano 
ki nga tuaitara e tutu haere 
ana nidi (150). 

wehi, a terrible. Heoi te mea 
i ahua wehi mai [ko nga ka- 
nohi] (159). 

wehiwehi, n. spines as in the 
dorsal fin of a fish. 

whakawehi, v. t. terrify. 

WSka, n. ocydromus australis ; 
wood-hen; a bird. 

WSkiki, V. i. quarrel. Na wai 
nga tamariki o wekiki mai ra? 

WSkd, V. i. be extinguished. Kua 
weko te ahi. 

WSkii, V. t catch hold of ; hook; 
tear. Ka wekua tona pake e 
te rakau, ka motu nga huka- 
huka, a tupu tonu ake hei ra- 
kau nui (80). 

wSktl, n. bush ; wood. 

W8nS, n. I. shoot of a convol- 
vulus or gourd. 2. food. 

wene, a. many; very numerous 
fof small things). He wene, 


wenewene — Wiwi. 

he wene, he wene noa atu.- 
Ka mutu nga wene korero o 
tenei kainga. 

wenewene, n. 1. gourd. 2. an 

whakawene, v. t. make into a 

Wknerei, n. fVednesday. 

Wepu, n. whip. 

Wera, a. 1. burnt. Ka wera i 
kona a te Arawa i te ahi (81). 
2. heated; hot. Kua wera te 

wera, n. heat. Kua rite tahi tona 
auetanga ki to Maui auetanga 
i te wera o te ahi (24). 

werawera, a. warm. 

Were, werewere, v. i. hang; be 
suspended. E werewere mai ra 
te kete i runga i te rakau. 

whakawerewere, v. t. suspend. 

Weri, n. 1. root ; rootlet. 2. cen- 

weri, V. i. take root in one\s ears; 
be heard. Korerotia ra kia awe 
te weri. — Kia weria ki roto ki 
nga taringa. 

weri weri, a I. disgusting; of- 
fensive. He kai weri weri. 2. 
disgusted ; provoked. 

Wero, V. t. 1 . pierce ; spear. Tu- 
taki ana i taua wahine nei e 
wero manu ana mana (95). 2. 
throw a spear; dart. Na ka 
tatu, ka werohia ki a Rupe 


wewero, v. t. strike with a spear. 
E wewero patiki ana. 

Weroku, v. i. be extinguished. 
Kua weroku te ahi. 

Wero-taririga, n. a kind of rough 

Werii, wewerii, or weruweru, 
n. garment. Kua riro nga weru- 
weru i a Tohitapu. — Kua ti- 
rohia iho ki nga weweru, he 
mea tapeka, ka mohio tonu iho 
no tawhiti tenei tira (147). 

1 Weta, n. an insect. 

I Wetangotango , a. very dark. 

i Pouri wetangotango te ngakau. 

I Wetara, n. seed potatoes which 

j throw up a very weak shoot. 

I Wete. 

I wewete, v. t. untie ; unravel. We- 

tekia te tau ton kakahu. 

wetiweti, a. loathsome-, disgust- 
whakaweti, v. t. threaten. He 

kupu whakaweti. 
Weti, v. t. weigh. 
Weto, V. i. be extinguished. Kua 

weto tana ahi (24). 
Wetoki, V. i. swim in shoals. 
He aha te ika e wetoki mai 
1 Weu, n. single hair ; fibre ; root- 
WiKi, n. 1. week. 2. wick. 
Winiwini, v. i. shudder. Wini- 
wini ana te kiri i te mataku. 
Wiri, V. i. tremble. He maka- 

riri noku i wiri ai ahau. 
I whakawiri , v. i. tremble ; feel 
I anxious. Tenei te ngakau te 
j whakawiri noa atu nei ki a 
I koe e pokia mai na e te rehu 
I te pu. 
Wiri, V. t. bore. 
wiri, n. gimlet; auger. 
whakawiri, v. t. twist; wring. 
Katahi te tama ka whakatika; 
whakawiri a iho te tau o te patu 
ki te ringa (29). 
I whakawiri, a. twisted. He ra- 
kau whakawiri. 
j Wita, n. one of the fences form- 
I ing the fortification of a pa 
j outside the *katua' or main fence. 
I To waho, he pekerangi ; to roto 

mai he wita. 
I WiTi, n. wheat. 

I Wiwi, n. rushes ; j uncus of va- 
' rious species. 

WHa — WHairo. 



1. WHa, a. four. 

II. WHa, 

be disclosed; get 

abroad. Ka wha i konei te i 

tahae a Rnatapu. 
lU. WHa. 
wha wha, v. l. feel with the hand : 

handle ; lofj hold of. WHa- 

wharia mai ana e Uenukn, ho- 

romia oratia ana taua tamaiti ! 

WH&e, n. a term of address to 

an elderly woman contracted 

from whaea. K whu- tiVlna 

nga ika (118). 
WH&e&, n mother. 
WHaerSer§, n. dam; mother ofl 

I WHai, n. \. sting- ray ; a fish, t 

2, a game; ro/'-t cradles. 

II. WH&i, a. I. settled; constant- \ 
ly resident. He tangata whai | 
ahau. 2. pos.Hessing. He ta- 
ngata whai roana. I 

III. WHai, V. t. \. follow; pur- 
sue. Ka kite koutou i te waka 
e whai mai ana i muri i a ma- 1 
ton (173). 2. look for; go in 
search of. 1 hacrc atu ki te 
whai wahie. 3. aim at; de- 
sign. E whai ana a Paka kia 
riro tc whenua i a ia. 4. court ; 
woo. He whai ta Taka i a To 
Kahu hei wahine raana. 5. 
proceed to the next in order. ! 
£ karakia ana tc koroheke ra; 
kua oti tetahi karakia, e whai 
ana ki tetahi (201). 6. whai 

i te kawa; perform the cere- 
monies for removing the Uapn 
from a house. 

whawh&i, v. i. fight. Ka tohe 
tonu te taua ki te whawhai ki 
nga tangata o roto o taua pa 

whSwhfli, V. i. 1. be in haste; 

be hurried. He whawhai nona 
kia rokohanga ai nga tangata 
ki te kaiuga. 2. v. t. chide. 

whai whai, v. t. chase ; hunt. Kua 
riro a Te Puni ki te whaiwhai 
poaka. — WHaiwhai-korero, see 
under whaikorero. 

whainga, u. 1. circumstance &c. 
of pursuing &c. 2 enmity : ho- 
stility. Kei hea te tangata hei 
ki mo te whainga? 3. cere- 
mony of removing Uapu. I 
mea ia kia patua he tangata 
hei whainga mo tona whare. 

WH&i&ip6, V. i. be in lore with 
a person. 

whaiaipo, n. sweet -heart. Ka 
moc a Tutanekai i taua whai- 
aipo, i a Hineraoa (134). 

WH&i&pu, a. maro whaiapu; a 
kind of apron or petticoat. 

WH&iS,w&, II. bed of a river. 

WHaihangS,, v. t. 1. make; build. 
Ka oti ra uga waka ra te whai- 
hanga, ka toia ki waho manu 
ai (70). 2. do: busy uuvself 
with. Ta te ope whaihanga, 
he ngahan; kaorc c mohio, ka 
mate ratou (92). 

WH&ikI, V. i. make a formal 
speech. Koia nei a raaua whaiki 
i reira. 

WH&ik5r§r6, v. i. make an ora- 
tion ; speak in a formal way. 
WHakatika ki te whaikorero. 
— Ka tae ki te marae o te ra- 
ngatira o taua pa, ka noho ka 
whai whaikorero (166). 

WHSioio, n. an thus Nova* Ze- 
landiwy a bir<l. 

whaioio, a. very numerous. He 
tini whaioio. 

WHairS, or whairoiro, v. i. be 
dimly seen : be imperfectly un- 



WHaitaua — whanake. 

Me whakawhaiti nga 

WHaitaua, n. a party which 
comes to the assistance of an- 
other in time of war. 

WHaiti, a. narrow; compact. 

whakawhaiti, v. t. put into small 

WHaitiri, n. thunder. 

WHaitohii, v. t. distinguish with 
a mark. 

WHaitoka, n. doorway; front 
pin I of a house. 

WHaitiia, n. side; region. Kei 
tera whaitua o te manga. — I te 
hoki putuputu tonu o te tira 
tetahi whaitua, o tetalii whai- 
tua (160). 

WHaiwhaia, v. i. bewitch ; in- 
jure by charms. Kua whai- 
whaiatia toku matua e Maru. 

WHaiwhairoroa, t. i. persevere ; 
be urgent. E whaiwhairoroa nei 
koutou ki te pana i te iwi nei. 

WHaka, prep, towards; in the 
direction of. Horahia te titiro 
whaka waho. In composition, 
1. with an adjective or an in- 
transitive verb, forming an in- 
transitive verb, it denotes an 
approach to, or commencement 
of the condition indicated. Kua 
whakatata a Te Ponga ma ki te 
tauranga i Manuka (171). 2. 
with a noun forming an in- 
transitive verb, it signifies an as- 
sumption of the character which 
the noun expresses. Engari 
kia mate whakatane. 3. when 
it forms a transitive verb, it 
is always causative, whakaku- 
kupa (33); make into a pigeon. 
whakaririki (118); make small. 
whakahoki (109); cause to re^ 
turn. Other varieties and mo- 
difications of meaning will be 
found under the word to which 
'whaka' is prefixed in each 
case. *WHaka' is sometimes 
contracted to 'wha'. 

I WHaka, v. t. make an immediate 
return for anything. Hei whaka 
nga parareka nei mo nga kai 
a NGaitahupo. reply to. Ka- 
hore ano kia whakatia mai ta- 
ku korero. — He patu whaka; 
a return blow. 

WHaki, V. t. confess; reveal. 
WHakina mai to tahae. 


whawhaki, whakiwhaki, v. t. 
pluck off; tear off'; gather fruit 
&c. WHakiia mai he pititi ma 

WHakoekoe, v. t. tickle. 

WHakoma, v. t. eat. 

WHakorekore, (for whakakore- 
kore) V. t. deny. WHakore- 
kore tonu mai ia ki taua ko- 
rero. See kore. 

WHakurii, v. t. pelt. 

WHana, v. i. 1. recoil; spring 
back; as a bow. 2. kick. Kei 
mate koe i te whana a te hoiho. 
3. rebel. E whai tonu ana 
mai hoki tenei mea, te kino, 
i a tatou. E kore e taea te 
whakamanawanui ; e whana ana 
te ngakau (82). 

whana, n. spring made of a bent 
stick, in a trap for rats or birds. 

whana, a. bent; bowed. He ra- 
kau whana. 

WHana, n. company; party; 
people. Ka ara tetahi whana. 
Compare hunga. 

WHanake, v. i. move omvards, 
or upwards. See ake. Kua 
whanake te tai; the tide has 
flowed. E whanake ana te ra- 
kau nei; this tree is growing. 

whanake, n. \. steam. Ka huhu 
ake te whanake. 2. cordyline 
australis: a tree. 3. a rough 
garment made from the leaves 
of the above plant. Ko te wha- 
nake Paoa, e kore e mahue 
ki raro (191). 

WHanSko — whawh&o. 


WHanakS, v. t. steal. Ka man 

tana whanako (95). 
W±ianariki, n. brimstone. Com- 
pare ngawhariki. 

WHanatu, v. i. I. go; go away. 
2. grow; become. He kai ka 
whanatu ka momoliangatia. 

WHanau, t, i. I. go. 2. grow: 
become, 3. bend down. Ka wha- 
naii iho te rakau. 

whanaunga, n. relative; blood 
relation. He whanaunga pu a 
Kawiti ki a To Koki. 

WHfinau, \. \. \. be born. I 
muri tonu mai tenei o tona 
whanautanga (19). 2. be in 
childbed. Ka rite nga ni e 
whanau ai te wahine (127). 

whanau, n 1. offspring. Te 
whanau a Tane (55). 2. a fa- 
miliar term of address to a 
number of people. Engari, e 
te whanau, kei aroha tatou ki 
tona auetanga (19). 

whakawhanau, v. i. come to the 
birth. Ehara koa pea i te wha- 
kawhanau tau c mamae na koc ! 

WHanSwh&nd, n. //iw. I 

WHanS, v. i. 1. verge towards; I 
be on the point of. Ka whano j 
ka te upoko ki roto ki te 
kaha. — Ka whano mate taua 
maia (80). 2. proceed to do ; 
go on. Mahara tonu ratou ki 
nga whanonga a to ratou tu- 
puna wahine (165). 

WH&n6kS, a, acting strangely ; i 
extranrdinanj ; outrageous. Hua 
noa he ope patu tangata; kaore, 
he whanoke (158). 

WHanowh&noS, u. vexation; 

feeling of annoijance. Ka mate 

au i te whanowhanoa. 

WHanui, a. broad; wide. 

WHaniii, n t^" «tnr I'rgn or a 

I WHanga, v. i. wait; lie in 

wait Ka whanga te wahine 
nei ki era tungane ona (45). 
whangawh&ngS, x. i. he trouble- 
some. He aha tau e whanga- 
whanga nei? 

II. WHanga, n. 1. boy. 2. any 
place on one side. WHakare- 
rea atu te rakau nei ki te wha- 

whanga whanga, n. chrysalis of 

III. WHangS, v. t 1. measure 
with the e. I tended arms. WHa- 
ngaa te rakau nei. 2. repeat 
after another. 

WHSng&i, V. t. 1. feed ; nourish; 
firing up. Ka puta atu a Ro- 
ngorongo ki waho, ki te wha- 
ngai i a Taneroroa (108). 2. 
offer to be eaten. I whangaia 
atu nga kuku hci kai ma tana 
raanuhiri, — WHangai i te hau; 
maAe an offering to an atua. 
Ka whangaia te hau mo ana 
mahi (17). See hau. 

whangai, v. i. increase in size: 

wh&ng&wh&ng&i , n. a charm 

WHang&i-h&u, n. 1. a song over 
the dead. 2. a ceremony per- 
formed over those who slay 
an enemy in battle. See hau. 

WHfing&i-k&r5rd, n. a shell-fish. 

WH&ng&ng&, V. t. measure wilh 
the extended arms, or with the 

WH&ngd, a. hoarse; inarticulate; 
having a nasal sound. He reo 

WHangongo, n. food for a tick 

I. WHao, n. iron tool; chisel; 

wh&OWh&O V t rorre wood &C. 

ir. wH&o. 

wh&whao, V. I 1. put into a bag 
or other receptacle. Kua whao- 
ngia te parera ki roto ki te 


WHSO — whs whSriia. 

kete. 2. fill. Ka whaona te 

whare e nga tangata, ka mano 

tini ki roto (61). 
WHao, V. t. grasp greedily. 
WHapuku, n. a fish resembling 


I. WHara, n. 1. mat used as a 
carpet. 2. sail of a war canoe. 
Mo te waka taua anake te ra 
whara; i maugungutia. 3. a 

wharawhara, n. a plant; astelia 

II. WHara, v. i. be hit acciden- 
tally . I whara toku waewae i 
te kamaka. WHara-kai, taste 

food. Kahore ano te turoro i 

WHarahi, a. broad; wide. 

WHaraki, n. fester : sore. 

WHaraniii, n. a variety oi phor- 
mium tenax, usually scraped 
with a shell, called also taroa, 

WHarangi, u. leaf of a book ; 

WHarangi, n. melicope ierfiata; 
a tree. 

WHarangi-piro, n. olearia Can- 
?iinghamii, a shrub. 

WHarara, v. i. 1. lean. Me 
wharara ki te pakitara o te 
whare. 2. stoop. Ka wharara 
tona haere. 

WHarariki, n. 1. phormium Co- 
lensoi; an inferior kind of New 
Zealand flax. 2. mat used as 
a carpet. 

WHarau, n. shed or booth, made 
of branches of trees. 

WHaraurarahi, a. large; exten- 
sive. Kia wharaurarahi nga ko- 

WHare, n. 1. house; hut; shed. 
Haere atu koe i roto i tenei 
whare (10). 2. the people in 
a house. E te whare nei! ti- 
tiro taua ki te tangata nei (61). , 
3. He whare hau; a bank of\ 
clouds betokening wind. | 

wharewhare, n. a fish. 

WHaremoa, a. hollow. He wha- 
remoa te rakau, ka mahue. 

WHarengarara, n. 1. a parasi- 
tical plant. 2. pimelea pro- 
strata, a plant. 

WHarepu, n. a kind of shark. 

WHarepuni, n. hut to sleep in. 

WHarerangi, n. store-house built 
upon posts. 

WHaretangata, n. connection by 
marriage. Kawea te kakahu 
mo tou whare tangata. 

WHareumu, n. cooking shed. 

WHariki, v. t. 1. spread out as 
a carpet; lay on the ground. 
2. cover with a carpet &c. Ka 
wharikitia te roro o te whare 
ki te takapau, hei nohoanga mo 
te manuhiri (192). 

whariki, n. anything used as a 
carpet. Kia moata ki te wha- 
riki mo te kainga nei, mo te 
whare hoki (192). 

whariki, a. flat ; spread out. He 
kino te rauawa o te waka nei, 
he whariki rawa hoki. 

WHarite, v. t. for whakarite. See 
rite. WHaritea te roa o te 
rakau nei. 

WHaritiia, v. i. be hidden by 
any object; be out of sight. 
Ka wharitua ia ahau. 

WHaro, whawharo, wharo- 
wharo, v. t. scrape. E wharo- 
wharo ana ia i te riwai. v. i. 
clear the throat; cough; expec- 

WHarona, v. i. lie in a heap. 
Hei kona wharona ai nga wa- 

wharona, n. heap. 

WHaroro, v. i. stretch out the 
legs. Aua e wharoro ou wae- 

WHariia, a. concave; depressed. 

wharua, n. valley. 

whawhariia, n. mother; female 
ancestor. Haere mai koe kia 

WHaruariia ~ WHSurS. 


moemoe tahi i roto i tou wha- 
wharua (11). 

WHaruarua, a. caneave; depress- 
ed. See wharua. Ka wha- 
ruarua iho nga awaawa. 

WHata, n. elevated stage for stor- 
ing food. 

whata, V. t elevate; support. E 
whataa ake ana e to ngako o 
taua ngarara nei (152). v. i. 
hang. £ whata mai ra te aho 
i runga i te rakau. 

WHataamo, n. litter (108). 

WHatai, v. i. stretnh out the neck. 
He aha tau e whatai na, e 

WHatau, v. t. measure. Ka wha- 
taua atu te ngohi, me te pa- 
kihiwi te roa. 

WHaterS, v. i. put out the ton- 
gue. WHatero tou arero. 

WHati, V. i. 1. be bent at an 
angle; be broken short off'. Ka 
whati tc kakau o te toki nei. 
2. twn and go away. Ka whati 
te tangata whenua ki waho 
\^\'di).—Jlee. I aua tangata nei 
ano ku hinga, whati kau ana; 
katahi ka patua. 3. be broken 
off': be interrupted ; as a charm. 

wh&wh&ti, V. t. 1. bend at an 
angle; fold. 2. break oJJ any- 
thing stiff. WHatiia mai nga 
topito. 3. cause to Jlee. 

wh&wh&ti, V. i. be chapt. Ka 
mate au i te whawhati o aku 

WHawhati-tata ; happen suddenly. 

whati whati, v. t. break oJj a 
number of things; break into 
fragments, E haere ana maua 
ko Keiio ki te whatiwhati rara. 

whatianga, n. 1. angle; place 
at which anything is bent^ doubl- 
ed ^ or broken off'. 2. in par- 
ticular, bend of the arm ; elbow. 
Kei ttj whatiaaga te roa. 3. 
portion doubled over or broken 

WHatika, v. i. for whakatika. 

get up; stand up. See under 

tika. I te ata ka whatika te 

wahine ki te wero manu (95). 
WHatimotimo, v. t. gather up 

a liue. 
WHatindtino, v. i. stretch out 

the neck. 
WHatitiri, n. thunder (93). 
WHatit6k&, n. doorway. Ka mau 

te ringa ki te papa o te wha- 

titoka, ka toia; tuwhera kau 

ano te whatitoka i^l93). 
WHatoro, v. i. stretch out the 

WHatii, n. 1. hail; hail-stones, 

2. pupil of the eye: eye. Ti- 

tiro ou whatu. 
WH&tii, V. t. weave. Ka kite ia 

i te wahine ra e whatu ana i 

te kakahu (187). 
WHatiii, v. t. lace or tie toge- 
ther. E whatui ana a Te Aka 

i te kupenga. 
WH&tiikiihu, n. kidney. 
WH&tuinan&w&, n. kidney, 
WHatilpangd, n. pupil of the 

WHattir§.m&, n. rupture. 
WHfituturi, V. i. for whakatu- 

turi, be unyielding. Ehara i a 

koe, ina hoki te whakatuturi 

ki au karakia (129). 
WHS,u, n. entelea arborescens; a 

whauwhau, u. scheffiera digitala ; 

a tree. 
wh&whau, V. t. tic. See hohou 

under hou. 
WH§,upS. V. t. cat voraciously. 

He kiko poaka ka homai, whau- 

patia ake. 
WHaup&ku, n. panaa- arboreum ; 

a tree. 
WHaura, a. fiery; fierce. Ko 

Tu mo te mata whaura, mo nga 

ritenga o waho (165). 


WHaurS-u — WHeoro. 

WHaurau, v. t. scold. Ka whau- 

rautia koe e au. 
WHauwhi. n. hoheria populnea; 

a tree, 
WHawhakou, n. a tree. 
WHawhapu, n. 

Ko enei kupu, he whawhapu 

na Patupaiarehe (178). 
WHawhe, v. i. come or go round. 

E whawlie mai ana te paoa. 

V. t. put round. Homai taku 

tatua kia whawhea (97). 
WHe, n. 1. caterpillar. 2. dwarf. 
whewhe, n. boil. 
WHea, n. interrogative. 1. what 

place. See hea. 2. any place 

whatsoever. NGa kai o whea 

whenua, mana anake, te aha, 

te aha (145). 
WHeangaanga, a. turning this 

way and that; utidecided. 
WHeau, v. i. be long in time. 

E kore ra e wheau, ka hina- 


whewheia, n. enemy. 
WHeinii, a. thirsty. Tikina he 

wai mo toku wheinu. 
WHeinga, n. quarrel. Katahi te 

wheinga o te hanga tamariki 

WHeiro, wlieiroiro, v. i. 1. be 

seen. Arohi uoa au i taku mea, 

te wheiro i a au te aha. 2. 

be understood, Kaore i wheiro 

i a au tana korero. 

whekawheka, n. garment. 
WHekau, n. internal organs of 

the body; entrails. 
WHeke, v. i. creak. I rangona 

ake ki te waha e rara iho ana, 

ano he wheke rakau (158). 
WHeke, n, squid. 
Wriekere, a. very dark. 
WHeki, n. dicksonia squarrosa, 

a tree fern. WHeki-kohunga ; 

dicksonia antarctica. 
WHeko, V. i. 1. become black. 

Ka wheko te riwai i te ra. 
2. go out ; be extinguished. Me- 
ake wheko te rama. 

wheko. n. gills of a fish. 

WHekori, v. i. be seen; be un- 
derstood. Ka whekori i a au 
i konei, kei a Kahutia nga pa- 
keha i taua takiwa. 

WHekii, n. distorted figure in 
native carving. 

WHekuwhekii, a. wet; .^plashed 
with water. U rawa atu ki uta, 
whekuwheku ana nga tangata 
me nga kakahu. 

WHenako, v. t. steal. Kua whe- 
nakotia taku toki i te po nei. 
See whanako. 

WHenu, n. warp of cloth. 

WHeniia, n. 1. land; country. 
Katahi ka rere mai ki te kimi 
whenua mona (120). Tangata 
whenua, people belonging to any 
particular place; natives. He 
tangata ano i reira, ko nga ta- 
ngata whenua ake ano o tenei 
motu (123). — He tangata ko- 
rero whenua, a pacificator. 2. 
ground. Ka ngahoro nga ka- 
raka ki raro ki te whenua. 3. 
placenta; afterbirth. I a raua 
e piki ana, ka taka te whenua 
te tamaiti ki te moana, ka 
kainga e te mango (34). 

whenua, ad. entirely; altogether. 
Tipatipa whenua; altogether 

WHenukii, v. i. slip or fall down ^ 
as a wall, bank &c. 

WHenumi, v. i. be out of sight; 
be consumed. 


whewhengi, v. i. be shrivelled; 
be whilhered. Ka whewhengi 
nga puka i te whitinga o te ra. 

Whenguwhengu, v. i. snuffle. 

WHeo, a. uncooked. 

WHeoro, v. i. 1. make a crash- 
ing or jarring noise. Ano me 
te wheorotanga whatitiri (151), 

WHera— WHitl 


2. be jarred; tingle. Ka whe- 
oro aku taringa. 


whewhera, v. t. spread out; open. 
AVHerahia te pukapuka. 


whakawhere, v. t. 1. induce; 
prevail upon. He hoatu tonu 
taku i nga mea papai mau, he 
whakawhere i a koe, kia tahuri 
mai ai koe ki a au. 2. op- 
press; maltreat. He aha tau 
e whakawhere where na i to 
hoiho ? 

WHSrerei, v. i. be extruded. Ka 
whererei nga kanohi. He ko- 
tore whererei, said of a person 
in a fright 

WHSriko, V. i. glitter; beresplen- 
dvnt. WHeriko ana te hihi o 
te ra. 

WHero, n. anus. 

WHdro, a. ' retl; reddish brown. 
WHero ana nga kanohi i te 

WHSm, a. 1 . inactive ; slow. Ko 
nga mea wheru, ko nga wahine, 
ko nga tamariki, kei rouri. 2. 
encumbered. I whakawherutia 
ahau e taku tamaiti i mau ai 
ahaa. 3. /// at ease; weary; 
oppressed. WHakatika rawa 
ake au, wheru ana au i te tai- 
maha o oku whakaaro. 


whakawhetai, V. i. express thanks^ 
a word introduced from the 
Friendly Islands. 

WHSt&u, a. small. He toki whe- 

WHSte, or whStStS, v. i. 1. be 
forced out. Ka whete te pi- 
rau te whewhe ki waho. 2. 
sin re wildhj. Na reira ka whe- 
tete nga whatu, na te mea e 
noho ana te ope ra i konei. 

WHfitfingi, n. land exhausted by 
( iillivulion. 

WH6tik6, n. a shell-fish. 

WHeto, a. small. 

WHetO, n. star. 

WHetui, n. land exhausted by 

WHetOkaupO, n. a star which 
sets iu the evening in October 
and November. 
j WHetOrangi, n. a star that has 
! become visible. Ka wheturangi- 
I tia M atari ki. 
WHeua, u. bone. 
J WHeuri , n. deep water. Kei 
! roto te wheuri o te awa. 
'WH§wh8i&, n. enemy. 
WHIn&n, n. eltvocarpus dcntatus; 

a tree. See hinau. 
WHio, V. i. whistle. 
WHioi, n. anthus Novee Zelandice ; 

a bird. 
WHior&u, n. a small grey duck. 
I WUiorS, n. tail of animals. 
I WUiri, V. t. twist ; plat. 
whirl, n. platted hem on the up- 
I per edge of a mat. 
I whiriwhiri, v. t. .select ; choose* 
I WH3 rik5k&, n. .strength. 
' WBSrin&ki. 
whakawhirinaki, v. i. lean against 

' W±iir5, n. 1. proper name of an 
I atua. 2. .second day of the moon. 
WUlt&u, n. prepared Jibre ofphur- 
mium tenaj, especially that from 
the variety called takirikuu or 
WHiti, V. i. cross over; reach the 
opposite side. Na ka whaka- 
whiti a Kupe i to moana o 
Raukawa, a ka whiti (109). — 
Mana te ringa whiti ; let him 
strike the first blow. WHiti- 
ra-runga; be inverted; be con- 
trary. I kiia ko matou ki te 
moana; na, ka whiti-ra-runga 
anake, ko ratou ka riro ki te 
moana. 2. shine. Kia whiti 
te ra, ka raaroke. 3. start; be 
alarmed. Ka tumeke, ka ma- 
taku, ka pa te whiti ki roto 


whiti — WHiwhirau. 

ki tona ngakau. — WHiti ana 
taku poho i to karanga. 

whiti, n. hoop. 

whakawhiti V. t. I. convey across. 
2. exchans;e. 

whakawhiti, n. sail for a boat 
or canoe. 

WHitiki, V. t. tie up; gird. WHi- 
tikiria ton kakahu. 

whitiki, n. 1. belt; girdle. Ka 
tango ia i tona whitiki, me 
tona maro whero (97). 2. a 
kind of eel. 

WHlto, n. dwarf. 

WHitoki, V. t. tie up. v. i. he 
tied up. E whitoki mai ra te 

WHitu, a. seven. 

Wlliu, V. t. 1. ivhip; chastise. 
He aha tau ka whiu nei i to 
tamaiti? 2. throw; fling. Ka 
whiua nga hanga ki uta. 3. 
put; place. WHiua ki runga 
ki to kete. — plant. Kei te whiu 
riwai a Te Wainohu. 4. drive; 
cause to go. WHiua taua ki 

whiu, V. i. as.icmble. E ahiahi 
kau iho ana ano, ehara, e whiu 
ana te tangata whenua (167). 

whiuwhiu, n. layers of toetoe 
overlapping one another on the 
ridge of a house. 

whakawhiu, v. t. oppress ; afflict. 

whakawhiu, u. a kind of fish- 
ing net. 

WBtiwhi, V. i. be entangled. 
Aua e hoatu te aho ki te ta- 
maiti, kei whiwhi. 

whiwhi, or whiwhiwhi, n. fat 
covering the entrails. 

whakawhiwhi, v. t wind round ; 
fasten. Kua mau ke nga taura 
te whakawhiwhi ki te rakau. 

WBtiwhi, V. t. possess; have ac- 
quired. Ka whiwhi ia ki tona 
hoa here. 

whakawhiwhi, v. t. give; pre- 
sent Ka whakawhiwhia mai 
ki a ia te patu pounamu, ^ ^ ^ 
me ia ano hoki, ka whakawhi- 
whi i taua ki te rangatira o 
te pa ra. 

WHiwhirau, n. a fish. 






A, arl. He. 

Abandon, v. irhakarerr. 

Abate, v. Mahaki; marie; iti 

See Convalesceut and Subside. 
Abbreviate, v. ff'hakapoto. 
Vbdomen, s. h'opu : maniiwa ; ta- 

kupu (Jt t'.); ritt. 
Abhor, p. Kino; whakakino ; ma- 
fa kawa {B. C). 
Abide, v. Noho. 
Vbility, s. Kaha ; ugoi ; ngohe ; 

^ '"""•'■ ^ h'. c.) ,• aria. 
JAei; kaha. 
Atioae, v. Kaingn; wharc. 
Abolish, V. H'hakakahore ; pehi; 

Abominable, a. H'hakarihariha; 

weriweri {E. C); whukarikarika. 
Abominate, r. ff'hakakino : kino; 

Abortion, .?. .Uaterofo; take; wha- 

Above, prep, m number. Tera 

atu ; niii atu. 
— in rank. Mni alu. 

in place. Kei riuiga i ; ki ru- 

nga i; &c. 
Abound, v. Ilua; hnhua {E, C.) ; 

inhi; maha ; nni; tini; ronea ; 

rnwaka {E. V.) ; nanea {E.C.); 

rnaka; makunt; ngahoro ; ra- 
About, prep, near to. Tafa ki. 

— engaged in. fteiy as kei te mahi. 

— outside of, (as clothes). Kei 

Abreast, adi\ Cpane. i^g') 
I Abridge, v. Ifhakapoto. 
Abscess, .V. Puku; tapoa. 
Absence, s. Ngaro; ngaronga. 
Absent, to be. i'. Sgaro. 
Absent, a. thoughtless. Muhu- 

Absorbed, to be. ». Mimiti. 
Abstain, (from food.) v. Noho- 

Absurd, a. ff'airangi ; kuare; i^are. 
Abuse, V. fl'hakakino; whakalupu- 

Abyss, A. Turere. 
Accelerate, v. Whakahnhoro ; wha- 

Accept, I'. Tango; whakaae. 
Access, to liave, v. Tata; tae. 
How shall I Iiavc access to that 

person? Me aha ka tata ai ahau ki 

a ia? or, ka tae atu ai? 
Accident, *. casualty. Mate. 
Accompany, v. Ilaerc tahi i. 

I will accompany you ; Ka hoere ahau 

i a koc. 
Accomplished, to be, /». Taea. 


Accordinor — Aloof. 

According to, prep. Ki. 

According to my idea let us go ; 

Ki taku whakaaro me haere. 
Account, narration, s. Korero. 
Accurate, a. Tika. 
Accuse, V. fVhakapae. 
Accustomed, to be, ik Taunga; 

Ache; s. Mamae. 
Acid, a. Kawa, 
Acknowledge, v. fFhaki; wha- 

Acquire, v. ff^^hiwhi. 
Acquired, to be, v. Riro. 

He has acquired great wealth; He 

nui nga taonga ka riro i a ia. 

Acrid, a. Tangeo; kawa. 
Across. See Lie across. 
Action, s. MahL 
Active, a. Hohoro ; kakama. See 

Acute, fl. Koi; tiotio. See Sharp. 
Add, V. JpUi; huihui; tapiri{w!)\ 

taparu {E. c). 
Adept, a. Matau; mohio. See 

Adhere, v. Pin. 
Admire, v. Mihi. 
Admit, V. Tuku. 
Admonish, v. Jko; whakaako. 
Adorn, v. IVhakapaipai. 
Adrift, to be, v. Manu ; tere. 
Advance, v. Haere. See Go. 
Advantage, s. Pat; huhuatanga. 
Adverse, to be, v. Tika ke. 
Adversity, s. Mate. 
Advice, s. Korero; kiipu. 
Adult, s. Kaumatua ; koeke. 
Adulterate, v. fVhakananu, See 

Adulterer, s. Tangata puremu. 
Adultery,*. Puremu; toko hi {w^. 
Adze, s. Kapu. 
Afar, adv. i tawhiti. 
Affect, V. Pa; wamae; aha. 

I shall not be aflfected; E kore e 

pa ki a au. E kore au e mamae. E 

kore a au e ahatia. 



Affirm, V. fVhakaae. See Speak. 

Afflict, V. IVhakawhiu; whaka- 

mamae ; whakapouri. 
Affray, v. Kakaritanga; nganga- 

retanga; tatauranga; whawhai. 
Affright, V. fVhakamalaku; wha- 

Afloat, to be, v. (of a boat or ship). 

Morewa ; manu; tarewa; ?^ewa. 
Afraid, to be, v. Ma taku; wehi; 

whakawiri; pairi; paoho; ihiihi; 

maka; paivera; pahunu; hura- 

ngi; kopipi (^.). 
After, prep. Ua; muri iho i. 
Afterbirth, s. Whenua. 
Afternoon, s. Te heketanga o te 

ra; te titahatanga o te ra. 
Again, adv. A no. 
Against, prep, leaning against. Ki 

te taha. 
— fighting against. Ki. 
Age, s. Tau. 

What is your age? Ehia ou tau? 

Agony, s. Mamae. 

Agree, v. Rile. See Like, and 

Aground, to be, v. Eke. 
Aha! int. Ha! 
Ahead, adv. Imua. 
Alarm, in a state of, s. Mataku ; 

Alas! int. Jue-., taukiri] taukiiri 

{E. C). 

Albino, .9. Korakorako; rako. 
Alike, to be, v. Rite tahi. 
Alive, a. Mataora; ora. 
All, a. Katoa. 
Altogether, adv. Petapeta. 
Allow, V. Tuku. 
Allure. See Entice. 
Alluvial soil, s. Kotae\ onematua. 
Ally, s. IVhakauru. 
Almighty, a. Kaha rawa. 
Almost, adv. Wahi Hi. 
Aloft, adv. runga\ ki runga. 
Alone, adv. Anake\ anahe. 
Along, prep. I. 

Along the road; I te ara. 

Aloof, to be, v. Tu ke. 

Aloud — Arrange. 


Aloud, adv. Speak aloud; Kia 

nui te reo; kia nut te waha. 
Also, adv. Hoki. 
Altar, s. A at a. 
Alter, V. Jf'hakaahua ke. See 

Alternate, i'. ^yhakau)hiUu)hiti{E. c). 
Although, adv. Jhakna. 
Altitude, s. Ikeike. 
Altogether, adv. Taki. 
Always, adv. To/iu; i nga wa 

Ambitious, a. h'kakakake. 
Ambush, s. Haupapa; pekipehi; 

Amidst, prep. In the middle of. 

See Middle. 
Among, prep. Kei roto i; i roto i. 
Amputate, v. h'okoti; poro; pouto; 

tapaki; kaporo. 
Amuse, v. Pa/aritari; wkakata- 

karo ; whaknwnre. 
An, art. lie. 
Ancestor, v. iupuna ; heinga 

(A>.); Tipuna {E. c). 
Ancestry, *. h'awai; kawei ; ko- 

rem tdku. 

Anchor, .«. htnga. 
Anchorage, s. Tunga kaipuke. 
Ancient, v. Ttiarangi. 
.iid, ronj. .-/; ma; me. 
\ngel, s. y/fiakera. 
Anger, s Riri\ aritarita ; nana it 
[E. c); wkakananuu (E. C). 
Expression of anger ; whakatuma. 

Angle, s. Mgao, kokt; poti. 
Angry, to be, v. Riri\ aritarita \ 

urriiveri ('^.); rnpaku; kakiki 

i^f;. c); tupekupeku ; uruuru ; kaua. 
Animal, #. Rari\ karareke, 
Animalculaj, s. Ngu. 
Animation, s. Tara. 
Ankle, *. Pona. 
Annihilate, v. IFkakangaro. 
Annoyance, jr. Ifkakatakariri; 

konokonoai^E. c.) ; porearea ( £. C.) ; 

aweke; nanakia ; aulaia {B. c); 

i/iafi; taitakae. 

Annul, V. fFkakakakore; wkaka- 

Anoint, v. IFkaAawaki; kaukan\ 

korae; popo; porae; takawai {r). 
Another, a. Tetaki atu. 
Answer, v. lVkakao\ wkakakoki 
' ktipu. 

Ant, s. Pokorua. 
Antagonist, jr. Hoa wkawkai. 
Anxious, to be, /♦. Awangawanga) 

karatfgi; manukanitka {E. c); 

pairi {E. c); manakanaka ; ma- 

tapopore ; paki{E. a) ; luaten ( If.) ; 

tumatatenga ,• ivkakatuatea. 
Any, a. Tetaki) etaki. 
Apart, adv. fii takaki. 
Apostle, s. Jpotoro. 
Appear, v. Pnla; wkakaputa; pa- 

kure {tr.). 

— as a spirit. Poke\ wkakaara- 

— above water. Moriroriro ; maea ; 

— as the new moon. Kowkiti. 
Appearance, s. Putanga. See Li- 

Appease, v. IVkakamarie. 
Appeased, to be, v. Marie \ ma- 

rire; ngata, 
I Appetite, s. lliakia \ kiakai. 
Apple, .V. Aporo. 
Apply, V. Vi. See Ask. 
Appoint, /». irkakarite. 
Approach, v. Awki; ufkakaeke; 

Approve, v. li'kakapai. 
Argue, V. Totoke. 
Arise, v. Ara ; maranga. See Rise. 
Arm, *. Ringaringa. 

Upper part of the arm; Peke. 
Armpit, s. Keke. 
Army, s. Ope; taua\ wkakaariki; 

wkakaara ('^•). 
Aromatic, a. Kakara. 
Around, prep. Ki tetaki laka^ ki 

tetaki taka. See Hound about. 
Arouse, v. irkakaut a\ wkakaoko. 
Arrange, v. If'kakarite; wkaka- 



Arrive — Back. 

Arrive, v. Tae-, u\ pono; ttipono. 

Arrow, «. Pere. 

Art, s. Mahl tohun^a. 

Artery, .v. Uaua. 

Artist, s. Tohunga. 

As, conj. I. 

As I was going; I a au e haere ana. 

As far as. 7'o; tae rawa Av*. 
Ascend, v. Eke; kake; piki. 
Ascension, s. Kakenga. 
Ascent, .v. Ekenga ; kakenga ; pi- 

kilanga; pananakitanga; panmi- 

Ashamed , to be , v. IVIiakama ; 

hane {E. c); numimimi ('^.); ma- 

tangerengere ; ngaringan'a (W^). 
Ashes, s. Pungarehu ; pnknrehu {R-). 
Ashore, adv. Uta. 
Aside, adv. Ki iahaki ; ki te wha- 

nga {K. c). 
Ask, V. lnoi\ ui\ patai{iy)\ pa- 

kiki; fono; wkakapafai-, pakfre- 

Asleep, to be, v. Mae. 
Aspect, s. Anga. 
Ass, s. Kailie. 
Assault, V. Tau; rere mat. 

He assaulted me: Nana i rere mai 

ki a au. 

Assemblage, .v. Huihuinga ; whaka- 

Assemble, v. Huihui] wliakamene\ 

whakamine\ whakaemi\ whaka- 

Assembled, to be, v. Emiemi; 

kuemi; mene\ mine, pokuku) ru- 

peke; tamene\ tanga; rapopolo. 
Assent, v. fVkakaae; wkakakoia. 
Assert, v. Korero; ki. 
Assiduous, a. Mama hi. 
Assimilate, v. IVhakarite. 
Assist, V. Awhina (»-'.). 

Assistant, s. Hoa\ kai awhina. 
Associate, s. Hoa. See Companion. 
Assume. Tango. 
Astray, to be, v. Marara. See 
I Wander. 

Astringent, a. IVhakatoka. 
Asunder. Tatahi; takitahi. 
At, prep, of future time. A; hei. 

— of place. Hei; i; kei. 
Athirst, a. Matewai; kiainu. 
Atone, V. JFhakautu;whakaea ; uta. 
Atonement, s. Utu; ivhakautu. 
Attack. See Assault. 

— by stealth. Haupapa. 
Attainable, to be, v. Rarawe; taea. 
Attempt, V. IFhakamatau; tohe. 
Attend, v. Rongo; whakarongo. 

— upon a sick person. Whaka- 

— upon one at the point of death. 

Attention, s. Rongo. 

Attentive, to be^ v. Rongo ; mate- 

nui; puakaha^^tau. 
Avarice, s. Apo; kaiponu. 
Audible, to be, i-. Rangona. 
Avenge, i'. Rapu utu; takitaki. 
Avert, /'. JVhakaninihi. 
Aught, a. Tetahi mea. 
Aunt, .V. Matt/a keke. 
Avoid, V. fVhakarere. 
Author, s. Take; putake. 

He is the author of that evil ; Nana 

tera kino. 

Authority, *. Ma?ia; take. 
Awake, to, v. Ara; oho. 
Awaken, v. IVhakaara. 
Away, adv. Atu. See Distant. 
Awe, to feel, v. Hopohopo. 
Awful, a fVehi; mataku. 
Axe, s. Poke; iitaha; toki. 
Aye, adv. Ae. 

Baby, *'. Tamaiti; potiki. 
Bachelor, s. Ropa. 
Back, adv. Ki muri. 
Back, s. Tuara. 


Back, Lower part of the back. 

— of a house. Tuaroa ; tuarongo 

{E. C). 

Backbone — Beg. 


Backbone, v. Iwi /uararo; iia. 
Backwards, adv. IVhakamuri. 
Backwater, s Auhoki\ muriwai. 
Bacon, s, Voaka whakairi. 
Bad, a. Kino. 

— weather, s. Ori; paroro ; /mAoro. 
Bag, s. Ptife; pufea. 

Bait, s. Poapofi. 

— for fish. Maunu\ pavangin. 
Bake, v. Tunu. 

Bald, a. Pakira-, hewa {B. v.); mo- 

remote; marakerake. 
Bale water, to, r. Tiheru; tala 

{E C). 

Bale, s. Tata (& CL); ti'Aent. 
Bale of goods, s. Taringarin^a. 
Ball, 5. Poi. 
— of string, 5. Pii!>ni. 
Ballast, s. irhakntnimnhn. 
Band, v. Rnntku. 

— for the hair, s. .4 tile \ pure; 

Bandage, s. Takai. 
Banish, v. Pet; panu. 

ink, v. Mnioro. 
of a river, .t. 'Hihn : lulmtn/in 

^E. C); tuparipan. 
Banter, r. W/iakaity,uk<> i < 
Baptism, s, Iriiringa. 
Baptize, r. Iriiri; tohi; loto; iua. 
Baptizer, s. h'ai iriiri. 
Bare, a. Mnmore ; tnarakerake ; mo- 

remore. 8ce Naked. 
Bark, s. Hiako; kin; fangai; peka 

(v.): fapeka (w). 
Bark, r. Tim. 
Barn, x. ff'kare witi. 
Barnacle, s. Koromaungainauitgu. 
Barren, a. Pakokn. 
Barricade, s. yirni; (nuarai. 

irter, v. Hoko. 

i^nltir stone, x, luna; koma. 
K, /•. U'hakapahake. 
lUiskt't, v. h'ele; rahii [K. v.); hao; 

hapai/iga; kohaohao; paepne; pe- 

pepe; poha\ pitkororoa; ruwhi 

{ff'.): rori; lapakini (H.)\ Uui- 

for cooked food. Parn: rou- 

rou (B. c.); hanganoa; poti; ka- 

kapu; kono (»); maireku (E.c); 

Basket in which fish are caught 

Hinaki; koititu; pahao; punga; 

taruke; whakarapa; tohake (J?); 

Bastard, s. Poriro. 
Bat, s. Pekapeka. 
Bath (hot), .V. ffaiariki. 
Bathe, v. h'aukau. 
Battens, a*, h'aho. 
Battle, .^. Parekura ; parewhero ; 

Battle-field, s. Pareknra. 
Bawl, /'. Hamaina; karanga. 
Bay, s. Kokorutanga. 
Beach, s. One. 
Beacon, .v. Tohu. 
Beak, s. Ngutu. 
Beam, .v. h'auae; kurupae. 
Bear, v. Man; kawe. See Carry. 
Bear up nnder pain, /•. Manawa- 

Bear fruit, *'. Hua. 
Beard, .v. Pnihnn; pahnu (B. c); 

Bearer, .v. liai amuj kui ///«//, &c. 
Beast, .V, h'uri; kararehe. 
Beat, .V. Knru; patupntu; paoi. 

— down, as fruit from a tree. Ta. 
—■ as the heart. Kapnknpn; fa- 

porepore ; panapana. 

— in, as wind or rain. Uawhr, 
Beating the breast, x. Keka. 
Beauty, ». Ataahmt, 

Because, conj. Mo te mea; mo te 

mea ; koki. 
Beckon, v. Tawhiri. 
Bed, X. Moenga. 

— in a garden, h'arawa; moa; 
raiinka (lf'.)> Inhuna (»f.); ta- 
iraka (E. C); ivakawaka {ff^-). 

Bedchamber, x. U'hare moenga. 
Beetle ^a maul), s. Ta. 
Before, adv. h'eiwha; i mua i. 
Beg, V. liorara; pen; pinono ('^.)» 

anene; malai; maliro; mofiro; 



Begin — Block. 

Begin, v. Timata\ hoto\ whaka- 

Beginning, v. Tirnatanga. 
Beguile, v. Whakawai\ patipali\ 

w/iakapatiputi\ taruru {w.). 
Behind, prep. I muri i; i tiia i. 
Behold, inl. Na! nana! rere ! 
Behold, V. Tiliro. 
Belch, V. Kapa\ pupa {tr.)> 
Belief, s. JVhakapojio. 
Believe, v. IVhakapono. 
Believer, s. Tangata whakapono. 
Bell, s. Pahu; pere. 
Belly, s. Kopu; manawa; takapu 

{E. c); riu. 

— of a fish. Hawahawa. 
Belonging to. No. 

Below, prep. I raro i\ kei raro i. 
Belt. Whitiki] tatua. 
Bend (to make crooked), v. fi^^haka- 
7/iakaka; iv/iakanom; whakapiko. 

— the body, as in rowing. Koiri. 

— as a stick. Piko ; rnakaka ; ma- 
nana\ kuwhana-, jiuke; parehe 
(Jf.); parori; tapore; iafao; fa- 
wharit] luhana; piwari\ pingore. 

— as a path, a river, or a rope. 
Piko\ kowhane; konae\ koru\ 
noni\ kopi. 

— Kupikopiko] koropiko. 

Bend of the arm, s. Whalianga. 

Beneath, prep. See Below. 

Bent, to be, (dinted), /'. Kope\ 
kokohu\ kokopa. 

Benumbed, to be, v. Hnuaitu\ 
korongenge; mangenge; mata- 
ngerengere\ matarekereke\ mala- 
ngurunguru; matengatenga\ ma- 
torutoru\ teteka (R.); turiwatai- 

'\^ tai\ turiwatautau'y kerewai. 

Beseech, v. Inoi. See Ask. 

Besides, prep, Haunga. 

Besiege, v. Whakapae. 

Besmear, v, Paul. 

Bespeak, v. Taiinaha. 

Best, a. Pai rawa; lino pat. 

Betray, v. Tuku. 

Betrothed, a. Taumau; taunaha\ 
puhi\ ivhakaihi (jr.). 

Better, it is, Engan'; erangi; nui 

alu te pai. 
Between, prep. Ki waenganui o. 
Bewildered, a. Poauau; pororaru. 

See Confused. 
Bewitch, v. Makutu; u)kaiwhaia 

(E. C). 

Beyond, prep. Pakaki; ki ko alu 

i; ki Ilia alu i. 
Bible, .V. Paipera. 
Bier, s. Jmo\ kauhoa. 
Big, a. Nui; ra/ii; lelere. 
Bile, s. Pawa; au {E. c. — JF.). 
Bill, .y. Ngulu. 
Bind, V. Hohou'y herehere\ hou- 

were {E. c); whawhau (''''); 

takai; hotiki {E. c). 
Bindweed, s. Pohue; panahi. 
Bird, .V. Manu; topalopa (TF.). 
Bird's nest, *. Kowhanga {E. c); 

Birth, .V. IVhanaulanga. 
Bit, .V. PFahi\ maramara. 
Bite, V. Kakati] ngnw, hohoni. 
Bitter, a. fiawa. 
Black, a. Mangu; pango. 
— pigment, s. Ngarahu; ngareAu 

(E. C). 

Blacken, v. IVhakamangu. 
Bladder, s. Tongamimi. 
Bladebone, s. Papaakuahua. 
Blame, to, v. Riri. 
Blanket, ,v. Paraikele. 
Blaspheme, v. Korero kino; ko- 

Blaze, V. Mura; papahu; konga- 

nge (R.). 
Bleed, v. Toto; lalao {E. c). 
Bless, V. IVhakapai. 
Blessing, s. Whnkapainga. 
Blind, a. Matapo; kapo {e c); 

Blink, V. Momoe; whakakikiwa ; 

tunewha; kimo. 
Blister, v. Koputa; tangorongoro ; 

Block (of wood), s. Poro. 
Block up, V. Jrai; pa; puru; 

papani; ri; lairi. 

Blocked — Bright. 


Blocked up a. (of a river). Punt. \ 
Blood, s. Toto. \ 

Bloody, a. Putofo. 
Blossom, s. Pua; puuwai. \ 

Blow, s. liuru; moto; lu. i 

Blow, V. PupuAi; pukeru; hehe-^. 

ngi (W.); ihi. \ 

Blow gently, v. ^tarangaranga ; | 

— (to fan), h'owhiuwhiu. 
Blunder, s. He. See Mistake. 
Blunt, a. Puhuki. I 

Bluster, v. Riipahn: tupehupehu 


Board, v. Papa. 

Boast , /•• // hakapehapeha ; pe- 

pe/ta; irhakahihi ; ivhakakake; 

whakaliirahira ; whakamanumaiiu 

(W ); whakapakari ; whakapiita ; 

whakarangaranga; ufhakatoatoa; 

Boat, .V. Poti. 
Body, s. Tinanu. 
Body, in a, adv. Toptini. 
Bog, s. Repo. See Swamp. j 

Boggy, a. Taoni: lapokuptiko: \ 

powharuwharu. ! 

Boil, »'. h'oropupu ; fjufju . ua;\ 

korohufiit. I 

Boil, /'. U'hewhe. 
Boiler, s. liukue. 
Boiling spring, s. Sgawha. \ 

Bold, a. Toa ; waia. i 

lione, .V. Iwi; wkeua. 

To remove bones. Iluhti. ! 
iiook, s. Pukapuka. 
iiooty, .*. Parurenga; parakele. \ 
1 J order, s. Tuniko ; I 

Bore, /'. Ore; win. 
Bosom, .«. Poko ; iwia ; ret. 
Uoth. E run e nta : toita run 

[E. c); ftgalaki. 
IJottle made of seaweed, .v. /»«- 

Huta. A. Pou/tamu. 
Uottom, .V. Raro. 
liough, *. Manga ; peka. 
Houndar}' , .*. Itaha ; patanga ; 
ripa C'.); rohe : lauUka. 

Bountiful, n. Atawhai. See Gene- 
Bow, V. Tuohtt; tupoupou. 
Bow, s. h'opere. 
Bowels, s. fVhekau. 
Bowl, s. Hake {fF.) ; kumeli; oko 


Box, V. 


Box, s. 


Boy, A. 


Brace, .v. 


Brains, s. 


Bran, .v. 


Branch, i 

Manga; peka. 


V. Rarer are. 

Brave, a. 

Maia; toa. 

Bread, *. 


Breadth, . 

i. Rauraraht {IF.); 


nu/tiii ^ 

E.C); whainii: irfinrnhi : 

Aokat { 


fireak of day, s. .//a/Kijfu/u; 
a/apo ; afapongipungi; a fata ; 
aonga : haeata (*'. c); maruao 
^K. v.). 

Break (to dawn), /'. Huaki; pttao ; 

Break off, r. Juru: a*hawhati. 
Break half through, /'. h'ongunu. 
Break in pieces, v. trhatiwhati ; 

pakarukaru ; kmrkakiw/iaki ; ko- 

rurirari ; korope/ta ; ngawhere; 

pahu; papa. 
Break on the to|t of a wave, s. 

Breast, .v. Po/m « - .nna : It; 

Breath, .v. Manawu. 
Breath, to take, v. H'hakanga; 

u^hakata i te inanawa. 
Breathe, r. Mga {K. c); ta. 
Breathe upon, v. H'hakaha. 
Breech, s. Papa. 
Brick, *. Pereki. 
Bride, A-. It'ahine marena hou. 
Bridegroom, .v. Tane marena hnu. 
Bridge, *. Arawhata. 
Bridge over, to, v. h'ahupapa. 
Bridle, *. Par a ire. 
Bright, a. hianapa ; ka/uipu \^r^.). 


Brighten — By. 

Brighten, v. ff^Aakakanapa. 

Brim, s. Ngutu. 

Brimstone, *. JVhanariki; kit- 

Bring, v. Mau; ngita {R.). See 

Bring forth, v. fVhanau. 
Bring to land, v. JVhakau. 
Bring upon, v. IVhakalari. 
Brink, .9. Tahalaha. 
Brisk. See Quick. 
Brittle, a. Papa noa. 
Broad, a. Wharahi; whanui. 
Broil, V. Tunu. 
Broken, to be, v. Pakaru; kore; 

pakore; mawhaki; tokari {R-); 

ionganga (B.) ,• polapota ; hawa ; 

ifiangungunoa; poj'ekepu ; poro- 

rere ; porokere. 
Brood, to, V. Tapapa. 
Brother of a sister, s. Ttingane. 

— elder brother of a brother. 

— younger brother of a brother. 
Teina; Taina. 

Brother-in-law, s. Taokete; an- 

Brow of a hill, s. Taumata. 
Brown, a. Paka; tira. 
Bruised, to be, v. Koparu; maru. 
Brushwood, s, Heuheu : hururua. 
Bud, s. Ptiku; pihi. 
Bug, s. Kekereru. 
Build, V. Hanga; whaihanga. 
Build up the walls of a native 

house, V. Tuparuparu; tupiini 

(E. C). 

Builder, s. Kai hanga. 

Bullet, s. Mata. 

Bulrush, s. Kopupungawha ; nga- 

Bump, s. Puku, 
Bunch, s. Tautau. 

Bundle, s, Kakati; paiere; pai- 

here {E. c.) ; pupu ; tapiki {E. c.) ; 

tiraha {e. c). 
Bundle, to, v. Pui ; pupu. 
Bung, s, Puru. " 

Bung, V. Puru. 
Buoy, s. Kareiva. 
Burden, s. Pikaunga ; pikau; wa- 

hanga ; ka wenga . 
Burial place, s. Urupa; toma 

{E. c). 
Burn, V, Ka-, toro; ivera; pa- 

ivcra; name; ngiha ; pahunu {R.). 
Burn, (to set on fire), v. Tahu. 
Burn by the sun, v. Tikaka. 
Burn, .V. IF era. 
Burnt, (^vegetation having been 

destroyed bj' fire,) a. Hawera ; 

tawera; wera; parawera. 
Burst, V. Pahu; papa. 
Burst open, v. Pawhara {E. c). 
Bury, V. Tanu; lapuke {E. c). 
Bury itself, v. Apu (W.). 
Bush, s. Puia. 
Bushman, s. Kowao; mohoao; 

Busy, to be, i'. Raru. 
But, eonj. Heoi; heoti; kaore; 

oti; otiia; ottra; ia. 
But now. Tena; tena ko tenei; 

langanei {R-). 
Butterfly, s. Pepepe. 
Button, s. Patene. 
Buy, V. Hoko. 
Buyer, s. Kai hoko. 
By, prep, as by an agent. E; i; 

jna; na. 

— as "by that way". Ru ; ma ; 

— as "one by one". Takt; ta- 

By and by, adv. Taihoa ; takaro 
{E. c); kiatoka {W.). 

Cabbage— Chaff. 



Cabbage, .v. Puka. 

Calabash, s. Ipu; kahaka ; ka- 

raka {E. c); tahu {E. c); ki'a 

{EC); kimi; koaka ; pahaka; 

papapa; take [H- tnir/ia ir^ : 

wai (yg,). 
Cajole, V. Haiigai (ui . mumui^a. 

See Deceive. 
Calamity, s. Mate, 
Calculate, v. Tatau. 
Calf of the leg, s. Jlealenga {K, C). 
Calk, V. Mono. 

Call, to, /♦. Karanga; pia (w). 
Calm, V. Pnriratanga : tnarino; 

aio . 
Calm, to be, /'. .ho; marino; 

murinoto; tnarinotokitoki; laroia. 
Can, ('. See Able. 
Candle, *. h'anara, 
CajiDOD, 5. Pitrcpo ; ptihurtwhenua. 
Cannon ball, s. Mata purepo. 
Canoe, *. H'aka ; tiwai: tawai 

{E. C.) ; knitirt ; kopapa : korea ; 

neke ; pi tun : koki ; piiiakii C*^'); 

Canoe made of rufihes. Moki ; 

inokihi (K C). 
('aj*, .*. Potae. 

Cajit, N. Hue: tiimu. See Head- 
Captive, *. Ponouga; whakarau; 

Careful, a. Tupatn; iratea. See 

Careless about . i < r // huka- 

Carpenter, *. Ikamunt. 
Carpet s. Whariki. 
Carrier, s. h'ai amo : kai man, 

&c. &c. 
Carry, ou the shoulders, v. ./mo; 

kauhoa; ma lata; matika. 
Carry in the hand, r. h'awe; 

hari {w.) ; apatari: man; ngita ; 

{h:); tart; rare {S. C). 

Carry about, v. H'^kakahaere ; 

Carry away by stealth, v. h'a- 

Carrv in the arms, v. Okooko; 

Carry on the back, /•. Pikau : 

uutha ; tfhei (E. c). 
Carry on a pole, v. Tauleka. 
Car\*e, v. U'hakairo; whaoivhao 

(It c). 
Carved well, v, iSanahu. 
Carver, s. h'ai whakairo. 
Case, s. h'opaki. 
Cask, .V. liaho. 
Cast, to, V. Maka : whakarere ; 

u'kiu: whukarei {E. c). 
Cat, s. Poll; ngeru; tori (H.). 
Cataract, .v. iivre ; taheke. 
Catarrh, $. Taiawa ; tarutau^hiti 

{E. C). 

Catch, /'. Uopti; tango. 
Catch hold of, v. Ta tango. 
Catch in the An-ater, as an oar, 

/'. trupa. 
Catch one's breath, r. f/ nature 

(W^.),* taretarc; kilia. 
Catechize, *•• I'iui; patai. 
Catechisni, v. Patai; katikihama. 
Caterpillar, v. .inuhe; hawato; 

holctt", niakorori; u^he; knw/iara. 
Cave, K. yina. 
Cause of a quarrel, s. Papa. 
Causeless, a. f/u/iuakore: wketo: 

Cautious, to be, v. J tea ; tup a to ; 

watea : koriti (W.),* rikarika : 

Cease, to make to, /•. ir/mka- 

mutu ; w/iakaoti. 
Centipede, s. ff'eri. 

Centre, .v. Pnl.nnu: uuu'irj:(tniii. 

See Middle. 
Cervical vertebiu-. v. ian'^m. 
Chaff, s. Papapa. 



Chain — Cock. 

Chain, s. Mekameka. 
Challenge, v. Taki; tautapa. 
Chance, by, adv, Noa. 
Change about, to, v. Whaka- 

whitiwhiti (E. c). 
Change, v. Korure. 
Change, as the name, v. Panoni. 
Channel, s, Aiva; hongere; ko- 

rou (R). 
Chap, to, V. Ngatata ; patotoi; 

raiipa; tapa; titupu; wkawhali. 
Charcoal, s. IVaro. 
Chase, v. Aru; what; tawhai. 
Chasm, s. Ngatata; pakohu; ta- 

Chatter, v. Koj^erorero, 
Cheek, v. Paparinga. 
Cheerful, to be, v. Manahau. 
Chequered, a. Kotmgotingo. 
Cherish, v. IVhakatapu. 
Chest, s. Poho; urn a; rei. 
Chew, V. Ngau. 
Chicken, s. Pi. 
Chickweed, s. Kohukohu. 
Chief, s. Jriki; rangatira. 
Chilblain, s. Mangiongio. 
Child, s. Potiki; tamaiti; koAu- 

ngahunga ; tahake (E. a). 
Childhood, s. Tamarikilanga . 
Chin, s. Kauue. 
Chip, s, Maramara. 
Chip, V. Hahau; larai; rehu; 

rmia; toto. 
Chipped, a. Hawa; riwha. 
Chip with a spade, v. Perepere; 

Chisel, s. Purupuru. 
Choked, to be, v. Raoa; tanea. 
Choke with weeds, v. Koaoao. 
Choose, V. Whiriwhiri. 
Chop, V. Tapahi. 
Chrysalis, s. Kihikihi; tungou- 

Circle, s. Porowhita. 
Circuitous, s. Jwhiowhio. See 

Bound about. 
Circular, a. Potakataka. 
Clandestinely, adv. Momote. 
Clap, V. Papaki. 

Clatter, v. Tatangi. 

Claw, s. Malihao. 

Clay, s. Kotoi^e; kerewhenua. 

Clay, white, s. Uku; {E.c. & W-); 

ukui (Ng.). 
Clean, a. Ma. 
Clear, to be, v. A tea; mar am a; 

watea ; whakaalea ; whakaetea ; 

mahea: toari {R.); purotu {E. a). 
Clear away, v. Taki; tarake; 

whakatahe ; heuheu . 
Clear a road, v. Para, 
Clear off weeds, v. Paketu; pe- 

rep ere. 
Cleave, v. IVawahi; titore. See 

Cleft, s. Riwha. 
Cliff, s. Pari. 
Climb, V. Hake; piki. 
Cling, V. Pupuri. 
Clinch the hand, v. Kiiku. 
Clip, V. h'okoti. See Cut. 
Clod, s. Keretu. 
Close, to be, v. Apiapi; patata, 

pepe; puputu ; piri; pine; po- 

rum; punui ; pururu. 
Close, to, V. Whakarawe; ko- 
j pani; kopi; whakurawa; tutaki. 
Close the eyes, v. IVhakamoe. 
Closed, to be, v. Hati. 
Clot, s. Tepelepe. 
Cloth, s. Kakahu. 
Clothe, V. Kakahu; whakakakahu. 
Cloud, s. Kapua ; kekeao ; ao. 
Cloudy, a. Kongu; koiniki; ko- 

ruru; koruruku; lukumaru; pa- 

Clump, s. Ropu. 
Cluster, to, v. Pohuhu; mui; ohu; 
I popo; rapoi {W). 
I Cluster, s. Tautau. 
Coal, s. IVaro. 
Coast, s. Tahatika; takulai. 
Coat of raupo on the wall of a 

house, s. Paru. 
Coat, s. fioli. 
Cobweb, s. JVhare pungawere- 

Cock, s. Tikaokao. 

Cockles — Consolation. 


Cockles, s. Pt'pi. 

Codfish, s. Hapuku; whapuku. 

Coil, s. h'ornmeke. 

Cold, s. Taiawa : farufawAiti{B. c). 

Cold, s. Makariri ; matao ; ma~ 

toke ; hotoke ; a nit ; hauaitu{E. c.) ; 

hotohoto {R.); kopeke; koroka- 

wini; kowanu ; kuiki : kufao ; 

Collar, s. La. 
Collarbone, s. Manumanu; pae- 

Collect, V. Kohikohi ; huihui: apo; 

amiki; pithangaiti {H^); pfha- 

ngaili {E. c); rapoi {ff^); wka- 

CoUops of fat, jr. Fori. 
Colour, s. Tae. 
Comb, s. Hern; karau; mapara 

[E. C): rou/n (K. C). 
Combustible matter, s. ff'/mkaka. 
Come, V. Haere ma/: ahu mai. 
Come, leaving none behind, r. 

Mutit ; polo ; prkf ; pan ; ta- 

pfke; taweke; monimoninoa. 
Come down, i'. Tuku. 
Come in sight, v. Pitta: pahitre 

Come out, as the handle of an 

axe, V. Maitnit. 
Come to remain, i». Oti mai. 
Come to the end, v. Tntitki. 
Come hither. Haerr mai: hara 

mai {E. C\ : /mil nuii (ff .) lauti 

mat (w 
Command, r. hu/r,,,. /,,. mea : 

akiaki : tapa. 
Common, a. i\oa. 
Common, to make, v. ff'hakanoa. 
Companion, *. Hoa ; takapui; ta- 

pui : whakauvn. 
Company, s. Ope; lira; ika : ma- 

tua ; pahi; pitni ; rangapu {E. C.) ; 

ran^a: ropa: takapui: leretere: 

tokomatua (W ),' a^hana [E.c). 
(impany of workmen, .v. Jpa : 

a pit : oh 11. 
Compact, to be, v. tf^haiti {E. C). 
Compare, v. H'hakarite. 

Compassion, s. Aroha. 
Complete, v. IVhakaoti: whaka- 

Completed, to be, v. Oti: tinn 

rite; tino tika. 
Concave, to be, v. h'okopa; ko- 

Conceal, v. Huna ; kuhti. See 

Conclude,?'. H^hakamutit; whaka- 

Conclusion, .v. Mittunga: wAaka- 

otinga; poronga. 
Concourse, s. Huihuinga; whaka- 

menenga. See Assemblage. 
Concubine, *. Hoahoa. 
Condemn, v. If'hakahe. 
Conduct, V. Arahi: arataki {E.C.); 

Confess, v. IFhaki. 
Confuse, v, H'hakapohehe; wha- 

kararu; rika. 
Confused, to be, as words, v. Nanu ; 

Confused, to be, as the mind, v. 

Poaiiait: pnhehe : pnrnraru; po- 

kaikaha ; pokaku : pokcka ; po- 

nana {E. c); porauraha. 
Congregate, v. Utiihui: whaka- 

mene. See Assemble. 
Connected with, to be, by rela- 
tionship or friendship, *;. Ta- 

ritnn (E. c); taunga ; whakata- 

Connexion, *. ff'hakalarunatanga. 
Connexion by marriage, s. H'ha- 

retangata {E. c). 
Conscience, v. Hinengaro; nga- 

Conscious, to be, v. Matau; mo- 

hio; ma hara. 
Consecrate, v. ll'hakatapu. 
Consent, v. H'hakaae; whaka- 

koia. See Assent. 
Consecjuence, s. Tukunga iho. 
Consideration, .v. Mgarahu: wha- 

Consolation, v. tVhakamarieta- 

nga ; oranga ngakau. 


Console — Crafty. 

Console, v. PFhakamarie; tvha- 

Conspiracy, s. fVhakapapa^ to- 
rn he, kohuru. 
Constant, to be, ?'. Ptimau; tu- 

man: iuturu {E. C): what; ta- 
ke fake (E. c). 
Constricted, to be, v. Nanati. 
Consume, v. fVhakapau ; whaka- 

hemo', amtki; pongakawa. 
Consumed, to be, v. Nemo ; pan ; 

pareho ; memeha ; hama (^O," 

mahiti; monimoninoa ; moti (iv) 

{E.C.); pareko; pefo ; takeke; 

tipoko {E. c). 
Contemptuous language, s. fVha- 

Contend, v. Tautohe; whakatae- 

tae; tatawhainga (E c): tau- 

Contentious, a. Whakatenetene; 

Continually, tfrfi'. Tonu; tou{E.cJ). 
Continue, v. Tiwat; mau. 
Contract, t'. Hupeke. 
Contradictory, a. Tata. 
Contribute, v. Homai; hoatu. 
Convalescent, to be, v. Hauora 

{if')j ma tutu; tangatanga {E. c); 
Conversation, s. Korero. 
Converse, v. Korero. 
Convert, v. Whakatahuri. 
Convey, v. Kawe ; mau. See 

Convey over, v. Whakawhiti. 
Convolvulus, s. Pokue: panahi. 
Convulsion, s. Hukihuki. 
Cook, V. Tao; top a; topipi; ta- 

Cooked, a. Maoa; maoka (e.c). 
Cook-house, s. Kauta; hereumu; 

kamuri; kuhti. 
Cool, a. Haukau; houhou; haua- 

ngi {E. c); puangiangi i^-); 

matomato; pongipongi; puanu. 
Cool, to, V. IVhakahouhou; wha- 

Copy, s. Tauira. 
Cord, s. J ho. See Line. 

Core, s. Uho ; tarauko. 

Cork, s. Puru. 

Corks of a net, s. Pouto. 

Corn, s. fiaanga. 

Corner, s. Kokonga; hau; kona- 

kitanga (i*); ngao. 
Corner, inner, s. Kopanga; poti. 
Corpse, s. Tupapaku ; turoro {E. c). 
Correct, a. Ti'ka; totika (e. c). 
Correct, to, v. JVhakalika. 
Corrupt, a. Pirau. 
Cost, .V. Utu. 
Cover, V. Hipoki; taupoki; poki; 

raupi; ropi: ropine ; roropi; 

takai; tupoki (f^-); whakapu- 

ngenengene ; invhiuwhi. 
Cover, or spread over. v. Horapa 

{E C). 

Cover up embers with ashes, v. 

Kanoti; lam an. 
Cover up oneself, v. Tururu. 
Covered, to be, v. Kapi; puni. 
Covered over with clouds, to be, 

V. Tukupu. 
Covering, s. Kopaki; whariki; 

Covering over food in an oven, 

s. Retao ; rilaka. 
Covet, I'. Apo ; kaiponu ; popono ; 

taiapo; huirapa. 
Cough, &. Mare; wharo. 
Council, s. Runanga. 
Counsel, s. Ngarahu. 
Count, V. Tatau. 
Countenance, s. Ahua; kanohi. 
Country, s. Wa {E. c); whenua. 
Couple, s. Rua; topu. 
Courage, s. Tar a; toa. 
Court, to, V. Aruaru. 
Cousin, s. Tungane keke; tuahine 

keke; tuakana keke; teina keke. 
Coward, s. Haua; wawau. 
Crab, s. Papaka; rerepari. 
Crack, v. Ngatete; pake; pa to; 

Crack, as the ground, v. Kakata ; 

pukatakata; tawha; ngatata. 
Crafty, a. Maminga. See De- 

Cram — Cutting. 


Cram, v. fFhakakiki. 
Cramp, r. See Benumb. 
Cranium, s. Angaanga. 
Crave, i». Hiahia. See Desire. 
Crawl, V. Ngaoki; ngoki. 
Crayfish, s. Koitra ; waerau. 
Crazy, to be, v. Haurangi; pora- 

Cream, s. Pata. 
Create, v. Hanga. 
Creep, v. Ngaoki; ngoki; nga- 

weki ; totoro. 
Creep under, r. Hou. 
Crime, s. Hara. 
Criminal, s. Tangata hara. 
Crimson, a. frhero. 
Cripple, s. i\gongengonge ; turi- 

Crookback, s. Hake. 
Crooked, to be, r. Kopikopiko; 

hapa ; hope; kononi: makaka; 

noni; nuke. 
Cross, to, r. ff'kiti. 
Cross, s. Ripeka. 
Cross-road, s. Peka: peknnga. 
C*rowd, s. Huihainga; ropu. 
Crowd together, v, Jpttru; kiki; 

Crowd around, r. Mui. See Clu- 
Crown of the head, s, Tumuaki; 

tipuaki (K. c). 
Crucify, v. Ripeka. 
Crumb, s. Kongakonga. 
Crumble, v. Horn : koara ; mo- 

hungahniiii«i : ini^nn'hiivn ; riga- 

Crumping nomo, to make, v. Ma- 

Crumple, v. Koromengemenge : ko- 

penupetvi : hinnpne : kohanga- 


Crushed, to be, v. Koparu; pe- 

Cry, V. Tangi; korefo. 
Cry out, V. Hamama; haparangi 

(B. c); par are. 
Cubit, s. fVhatianga. 
Cultivation, s. Mara: ngakinga; 

Cultivation on timber land, s. 

Cumbersome, a. Hirawerawe. 
Cure, V. Rongoa. 
Curl, as smoke, v. Riporipo. 
— as a wave, v. Hapukapu. 
Current, *. Ait; ia ; roma. 
Curse, I'. Kanga; apiti {ff".); ko- 

Curse, s. h'anga; apiti ; kohu- 

Curved, as a bow, a, Tiwhana. 

See Bend. 
Custom, s. Ritenga. 
Cut, s. Afofit. 
Cut, r. h'okoti; haekae; hori 

(^E. C.) : kutikttfi; ripi; wkaka- 

totohi ; koripi; tohi ; haporn; 

hatepe; pouto; fa: tapahi ; to- 

Cut with a spade, v. Tipi; pere- 

Cut, or notch, v. Tokari. 
Cut off, V. Hankoti (ir). 
Cut off short, as a canoe, a. fCo- 

Cut off at the end, as of hair, a. 

Kuikauan: kohnmuhumu; pare- 

Cut down wood, /•. Para: tope; 

Cut open, V. Pawhara. 
Cut the hair, v. Tarotaro; wha- 

kaiho {K. c). 
Cutting, a. Tiotio. 


Daily — Desert. 


Daily, adv. 1 tenet ra i tenet ra. 
Dam, mother, s. Katua; wha- 

ereere; tiaka (e.c). 
Dam for water, s, Matatara {fr.). 
Damp, to be, v. Hautakit (e, c.) ; 

makn ,* waitau. (jr.). 
Dance, s. Haka; hari; kanikani; 

kotaratara ; figahau ; ngarahu ; 

ngarahutaiia ; patere. 
Dandle, v. Poipoi. 
Danger, s. Oranoa; oraiti ; ora- 

pilo ^ pitotahi. 
Dangle, v. Tatvheta (Ng.). 
Dare, v. Maia. 
Dark, to be, v. Hmakipouri ; ka- 

karauri ; kunikuni; potangota- 

Dark, in the, adv. Poker e. 
Dark skin, s. Hengia ; paraiiri. 
Dart, V. hokiri; wero. 
Dash, V. Aki. 
Dash forward, v. Ranga. 
Daub, V. Pani. 
Daughter, s. Tamahine. 
Daughter-in-law, s. Hunaonga. 
Dawn, s. Atatu: alapo. See 

Break of day. 
Day, s. Ao; mahana; ra. 
Daybreak, s. Atatu. 
Daylight, s. Aivatea. 
Day time, s. Ao. 
Dazzle, v. Koneivhanewha ; kore- 

koreko; wheriko. 
Dead, to be, v. Mate; hemo; 

mar ere. 
Deaf, to be, v. Turi; poller i; 

hoi; puhoi; puwharawhara. 
Dear, a. Aroha. 
Dear, in price, a. Utu nut. 
Death, s. Mate; hemonga; ma- 

reretanga; haerenga. 
Debt, s. Taonga tarewa (jv.); 

taonga taureiva (e. c). 
Decayed, a. Plrau; paroparo. 
Deceitful, a. Hangar au; hanga- 
reka : hianga; maminga; tini- 

hanga; nukarau (fr.); raureka 

(e.c); I'ore (e.c); kopeka; 

makoi; nuka; taware; whaka- 

nganangana (e. c). 
Deceive, v. Hangarau; hanga- 

reka; hianga; maminga; tini- 

hanga ; nukarau ; raureka ; wha- 

kaivai; kopeka; nuka. 
Decide, v. Whakarite. 
Declare, v. Whakapuaki; korero. 
Decline, i'. Titaha; nekuneku; 

rehurehu; tairi(w.). See De- 
Decrease, v. Iti haere. 
Deep, to be, v. Hohonu; ngoto. 
Deep water, s. Kopua; reto ; 

rire ; wheuri. 
Defeated, to be, v. Kore. 
Defend (by means of a pad), v. 

Whakapuru; matata. 
Defy, V. Whakahihi. 
Delay, v. Whakaroa. 
Delighted, to be, v. Ahuareka; 

pai; maha (e. c). 
Delirious, to be, v. Haurangi; 

porangi; hawala. 
Deliver, v. Whakaora. 
Deluge, s. Waipuke. 
Den, s. Ana. 
Deny, v. Whakakahore; whaka- 

Departure, s. Haerenga; .tokenga. 
Dependant, s. Rahi. 
Deprived of a limb, a. Mutu. 
Depth, s. Hohonu; ngotonga. 
Deranged, to be, v. Haurangi; 

Descend, v. Heke ; taheke; tai- 

hvke; ahuahu; hokio (e. c); 

horua {e.c); matiko (R.). 
Descent, s. Heketanga; hokiota- 

nga (e. c). 
Describe, v. Korero. 
Desecrate, v. Haparu; whaka- 



Desire — DiBlike. 


Desire, ik Hiahia ; amene; mina- 

mina ; korotn ; korou ,• kuika ; 

manawapa; manawapopore ; mi- 
na ka; okt'a ; okaka (e. c.)»* oke; 

pie (fr.); popore : taporepore; 

Desire, s. Hiahia: koha : mina- 

Desolate, a. Takoto kau. 
Desperation, to commit an act of, 

V. lyhakamomori. 
Despise, r. ff^hnkaahu: whaka- 

Destroy, v. Tinei; whakangaro. 
Detain, v. Pupitri ; pupuru {w.^. 
Detect, V. Hopu. 
Detest, f. h'ino ; whakakino; wka- 

Devil, s. Rewera; H'hiro. 
Devour, v. Kai. See Eat. 
Dew, .t. Haunui ; hanrahi : haii- 

ku{F.('.): Aauruiu {».) ; kau- 

t annul {e, v.): kopata (e. r.) : 

tnituri (*•) ; tomniifn'^i. 
Dialect, s, /tea. 
Diarrhoea, s. Tar a /it . /// . knku : 

konngi; konao : koripi: toro- 

rere; tikotiko. 
Die, to, V. Mate; hemo; mar ere; 

Diet, s. Kai. 
Differ, /». Put a ke. 
Different, a. Ke. 
Difficult, a. ff'kakarira; iiaua. 
Difficulty, to be in, v. Rarurnru. 
Dig, V. Ngaki; ko; keri; kari 

(e.c); piwai; hahau ; hango- 

hango; nana kit. 
I^iggi"g implement, *. Ha mar ur it 

{^); ko; kafieni; hangohango. 
Dignity, .v. ^hua rangatira. 
Dilatory, a. H'/iakaroa; porori. 

See Slow. 
Diligent, a. Mamahi; ahuwhenita. 
Dim, to be, v. Ilaumaruru {if.) ; 

mnlatnua (»'.). 
Diminished, to be, v. .Ihiiahu; 

whakapaku : kohakoha : koro- 

koro; whakaharahara : tahara- 

Diminish, as pain, /•. Mnuri/ru; 

Dinted, a. Iiokohu. 
Dip up water, v. Koutuutu; utU' 

utu; tikoko. 
Dip of a hill, s. Kakaritanga. 
Direct, v. Tohutohu. 
Direct, to be, i'. Jnganuimai; 

hangai (e. r.). 
Directly, adv. Inawata{^ aianei. 
Dirt, s. Pan/; paniparu (e. c); 

Dirty, a. Poke; paru. 
Disagreeable, a. Iferiweri; wha- 

karihariha ; irhukarikarika. 
Disagreeable to the taste, a. Kit- 

taitai {fr.); kawa. 
Disappear, v. Toremi; torengi ; 

niinumi: hen ami; taniimi; wha- 

kamonenehu ; whakananuinamu. 
Disapprove, v. // 'hakakino ; kawa ; 

kino. See Despise. 
Disbelieve, i'. ff'hakateka; wha- 

kakahnre ; whakahori {»'.) ; wha- 

kahawea; whakamanu (e. c.) 

( IT. ) > ivhakanano (//'.). 
Discern, i*. Kite. See Know, and 

Disciple, s. ylkonga; tauira (e.c). 
Disclose, V. Puaki; whakakite; 

Discover, v. Kite. 
Disdain, v. If hakakino; whaka- 

Disease, s. Mate; taru. 
Disease on the skin, s. Mahaki. 
Disembowel, a. Tuaki. 
Disfigured, to be, r. Nonoi (R.). 
Disgusting, a. lyhaknrihariha; 

whakarikarika ; weriweri (e. c). 
Dishevelled, to be, v. Hntoiloi; 

tuheihei (/r.). 
Disinclined, to be, v. Sgakaii- 

Dislike, v. Kino: whakakino; 

matakawa (e. c). 


Dislike— Dreadful. 

Dislike any particular food, v. 

Waitiamu; wakawa {e. c). 
Dismiss, v. Tono. 
Disobedient, a. Turi-, tutu. 
Disorder, to be in, v. Takoto ke 

takoto ke. 
Disparage, v. Whakarawai; ha- 

Disperse, v. Heukeu; korara ; ti- 

rara; whakawawa. 
Dispirited, a. Marohirohi. 
Display, v. JVhakakite ; whaka- 

Dispute, V. Tautoketohe. 
Dispute, s. Ngangaretanga ; to- 

Disquieted, to be, v. Pairi; awa- 

ngawanga. See Anxious. 
Dissolve, V. Memeha. 
Distance, a. Tawhifi; auaaiu; 

Distance, s. Mataratanga; ma- 

mao ; nuku ; pamamao. 
Distant, to be, v. Matara ; ma- 

mao ; pamafnao; tataki; awe- 
awe; hoi; nanihi (e. c). 
Distant by relationship, a. Keke. 
Distorted, to be, v. Rori. 
Distiess, to, V. IVhakapouri. 
Distress, s. Mate. 
Distribute, v. Tuwha. 
Disturb, v. JVhakararu; whaka- 

Ditch, ^. fVaikeri; awaken (Ng,); 

awakari (e.c); awarua (fr.); 

Dive, V. Ruku. 
Divide, v. fVehewehe ; wawae; 

totohi; kokoti. 
Divided, to be, v. Tarerarera; 

tit ore. 
Divination, s. Niu. 
Divinity, s. Tipua ; tupua. 
Division, s. Kotinga: wahanga; 

hua; tiriwa; ivehewehenga. 
Division, of people, s. Tanga; 

waenga; whana; matua. See 

Division of a song, s. Rangi. 

Dizzy, V. Anini. See Giddy. 
Do, V. Mea. 

Do thoroughly, «♦. fVhakatepe. 
Do without authority, v. Poka- 

Dock, a plant, .v. Runa. 
Doctrine, s. Akoranga. 
Dodge, V. Hikokiko; kohikokiko. 
Dog, s. Kir e he; kuri ; nane ; pe- 

Doings, s. Meanga ; meatanga. 
Dominion, s. Rangatiratanga. 
Done, to be, v. Oti. 
Door, s. Tatau. 
Door-post, s. Tuturu. 
Door-sill, s. Pehipehi. 
Door- way, s. Kuaha; whatitoka; 

Dot, s. Tongi. 
Double, to be, v. Paparua. 
Double up, V. Poruku; takapapa. 
Doubt (to be in), v. Pohehe; 

pohewa; pokaku; ruarua. 
Down, soft feathers, s. Huruhuru. 

— of' raupo, s. Hune; tahune 
(JB . c.) ; tahunga {e. c). 

— from a garment, s. Hunga- 

Down, adv. I ho; raro. 

Doze, V. Moe. 

Drag, V. Kukume; to to. 

Dragonfly, s. Kapowai. 

Drain, a. Awakeri; waitahinga. 

See Ditch. 
Draw out, v. Ope. 
Draw together, v. Kuku; kukuti; 

runa; roiroi; taroi; ruruku; 

tohapuru ; whakanoti. 
Draw up (as the clothes), v. Hi- 

kupeke {rr.); hupeke; pukoru- 

koru ; ropi. 
Draw aside, v. Hura. 
Draw near, a. IVhakatata; awhi; 

Draw up, as the legs, v. Pepeke. 
Dread, v. Wehi; mataku. See 

Dreadful, «. Mataku; wehi. 

Dream — Echo. 


Dream, s. Moe: moemoea: rr- 1 

kanga kanohi. 
Dregs of shark's oil, s, Apo. 
Dress, ,v. Kakahu. 
Drift, V. Pae; papae; teki (Ji); 

Drift-wood, s. Paewai (e. C). 
Drink, v. Inu. 
Drink through a reed, v. Ngo- 

Drink out of the hand, v. Ka- 

pit; koronae. 
Drink, to give, v. fVhakainu. 
Drip, V. Tu/uru ,* koho. See Drop. 
Dripping wet, a. Poteretere. 
Drive, v. -/,• kopere; pei ; pana ; 

tuhiti (E.a); aliati {e.C). 
Driven broadside on, a. Paea. 
Drizzle, r. Uonehunehu. 
Drop, .V. Pala, 
Drop, V. Heke; pnta: toto ; tu- 

htm; hoho. 
Drop ofl', t'. Mgakaro; marere. 
Drowsy, *. h'opurua. 
Dross, ». Para. 
Drought, s. ftaki. 
Dro\*Tied, to be, r. Pa nemo. 
Drowsy, p. Hiamoe; hinamoe. 
Drug, s. ftongoa. 
Drum of the ear, s. Torino. 
Drunk, a. Haurangi. 

Dry, to be, r. Maroke ; mimifi; 

pakii ; pakupakuoreore. 
Dry, as the ground, or as herb- 
age, //. Poke; pukatakata; pu- 

ngata ; raki; tipoka; tikaka ; 

koka ; kongio ; mauka (b.) ; ngafa; 

paka; pakohea ; tipa. 
Dry, V. frhakamarokfi. 
Duck, s. Parera : putangitangi 

{E. C.) ; matapouri ; poreterele ; 

Duck, to, V. Kopiro; rumaki; 

Dull, in movement, v. Puhoi ; 

rare. See Blunt 
Dumb, a. H^'ahangu; reo kore. 
Dunce, .v. h'uare ; rare. 
Dung, v. trairakau. 
Durable, a. Maro; uaua. 
During, prep. I. 
Dusk, to be, r. .1 hiahipouri ; 

Dust, J». Nehu; para; puehu; 

Dwarf, .V. Hakahaka: roiroi; tau" 

hena {e. C.) ; wkifo. 
Dwell, V. Noho. 
Dwelling, v. Kainga ; whare. 
Dwelling-place, s, h'ainga. 
Dwindle, v. Itt haere. 
Dye, *. Tae. 


Each, adj, pron. Tera — tera; 
ia — ia. 
Tera Umgata tera UngaU; each man. 

Eager, to be, v. H'hdtrhai: ta- 

kare: n'ka. 
Eagle, *. b'ahii. 
Ear, s. Tnringa. 
F)ar, lobe of the, .v. Hot: toke (w). 
Early, to be, v. Moata. 
Earth, x. Oneone: whenua. 
Earthquake, h. Rh. 
East, .*. Rawhiti. 
East wind, v. Mnrangni. 
Easy, a. ftarawe {e. C); takoto 

noa : ngawari. 

Eat, V. Kai; kame; kamu; konie; 

tametame; whakoma; wharakai. 
Eat before others, v. Ha mure; 

koramuramu {w.). 
Eat ravenously, »». Kaihoro; wkau- 

pa; horomiti {\V.): tuparu {W.). 
Eat raw, v. Ota. 
Eat scraps, v. Hamu; harangotc. 
Eaves, s. Ikitiku. 
Ebb, V. Timu ; heke {E.C.) ; pa 

{B.); taut; tokari{R); tawhati 

{E. C); tiremi {li.i. 
Echo, .V. Paorn ; parikara/igaranga. 
Echo, 11. IVhakamauru; paoro; 



Eddy — Entrance. 

Eddy, s. Juhoki', ripo. 

Eddy- wind, s. Haupurorohii; po- 

ngipojigii haupongi; katiripo ; 

haurutu ; mumuhaii. 
Edge, s. hoiiiga. 
Edge, to be set on, v. Mania. 
Eel, A\ Ttma; heke: kowo; kiri- 

kopuni: kokopii; kopaopao ; orea; 

puhanga; puhikorokoro ; puhi; 

takiekie ; jigorhigori; paewai ( IF.); 

parikou; piharau {W.); pikilara 

{W.) j matarche : matuatua : ngo- 

etoeto ; ngohiwe {W.) : ngoiro ; 

w hi tiki. 
Efflorescence of salt, s. Hatea. 
Effort, s. Koka; uaua. 
Egg, s. Hua. 
— of a louse, s. Rika. 
Eject, ?'. Pana ; pei; tuhili. 
Eight, a. TV am. 
Eighth, a. Tuaivaru. 
Eighteen, a. Tekau ma waru. 
Eighty, a. Want tekau; koko- 

ivaru {w.). 
Either, ad. Hanei; raina. 
Elbow, s. Tukeluke. 
Elder person, s. Kaumatua ; mua- 

Elder brother or sister, s. Tua- 

Eleven, a. Tekau ma tahi. 
Else, adv. Oli. 

Elsewhere, adv. Ki hea ranei. 
Emaciated, a. Kiko kore. See 

Embark, v. Eke. 
Embers, s. Mounga; motumotu; 

Embrace, v. Awhi. 
Emerge, v. Maea. 
Emetic, s. JVhakaruaki. 
Emigrant, s. Heke; konene. 
Emigrate, v. Heke; ivhali. 
Emit gas from fire, v. Purehua. 
Empty, a. Kaulahanga {e. C.) ; 

Emulate, v. Talawhainga (e. C.) ; 

tuntohetohe; tauwhainga; wha- 


Enable, v, JFhakakaha. 
Encampment, s. Puni; nokoanga; 

Encircle, v. Pukoro; taiawhio. 
Enclose, v. Hao; karapoti; ko- 

pani; pa hao. 
Enclosure, s. Marae. 
Encounter, v. Whawhai. 
Encourage, v. Whakahauhau; 

Encumber, v. Whakaivheru. 
End (finishing), s. Mutunga; wha- 

kamutunga; otinga. 
End of a branch or leaf, s. Ka- 
ma ta. 
End, V. Tauporo; poro; wkaka- 

mutu ; whakaoti. 
Endeavour, s. Koha. 
Endavour, v. Tohe; whakauaua; 

whakakoro {e. C). 
Endless, a. Mutunga kore. 
Enemy, s. Hoariri; whakaariki ; 

Energy, s. Ngoi. 
Enfeeble, v. Whakaruhiruhi ; wha- 

Enlarge, v. fVhakanui. 
Enlighten, v. Whakamarama. 
Enmity, s. Whainga; pakanga. 
Ennoble, v. Whakarangatira ; wha- 

Enough, adv. Heoi; heoti; kati. 
Enquire, v. Hi; patai. See Ask. 
Ensnare, v. Rore; mahanga; to- 

Entangled, to be, v. Raka ; ra- 

pa; rori; tapiki ; whiwhi. 
Enter, v. Puta; tapoko; tomo. 
Entertain, v. Atawhai; taurima 

{W.); manaaki {e. c). 
Entertainment, s. Alawhaitanga ; 

Entice, v. Poapoa ; whakapati- 

pali; whakapakepake. 
Entire, a. Tikitu; toitu; urutapu; 

Entirely, adv. Ke. 
Entrails, s. Whekau. 
Entrance, *. Kuaha; putanga; 

Entreat — Eyelid. 


waharoa ; tomokanga : waha ; 

Entreat, v. Tohe. See Ask. 
Entwine, v. Takatakai. 
Entwined, to be, i'. Tawhiwhi; 

rapa . 
Envy, V. Uae. 
Envy, s. Hue. 
Epidemic, s. Rewharewhu ; mate 

Eqnal, a. Rite. 
Equalled, to be, v. Rite; taea ; 

Equalize, I'. IVhtikarite; whakaea. 
Equity, s. Tikanga. 
Erect, a. Tu tomi. 
Err, V. lie. 
Escape, v. Puta ; oma. 
Establish, v. If'/takanoho ; wha- 

1 temal, a. Oru tunu. 

lemity. s. Oranga tonutanga. 
Evaporate, i*. Mimiti haere. 
Even, a. Tika. 
Even, adv. Iloki. 
Evening, s. .Ihiafti. 
Evening star, s. Rerea/ii'a/ii. 
Ever. (/(/i\ To//// : / /tica wa Im- 

llvermore, adv. Ake^ ake^ ake. 

Every, a. /uitoa. 

Evident,//. Takntonou: i/mrama. 

Evil, a. h'ifio. 

Evil spirit, .v. Rita: whim. 

xact, a. Rite lahi. 

xalt, V. lyimkanui. 

xamine, v. Titiro ; matakitiiki. 

xamplc, v. Tauira. 

xcavate, v . // 'hakaknrua . 
l^xcavated, to be, v. ^retire. 
Excavation, s. Iiorutt. 
i'^xceed, v. Hipa ; pahika {E. C). 
I'.xcel, V. Pahika ; pai ake ; raufe. 
1 xcellence, .? . ////// tfo fa nga ; ra a*e : 

Excellent, a. Ruwe. 

Exchange, v. Hohoko; whaka- 

Excite, V. Il'hakahauhau y tohe; 

akiaki : whakupa tarita ri. 
Excoriated, to be, v. Mahihore; 

mahore; litupu; whakatako. 
Excuse, s. If'hakaora. 
Excuse, V. fVhakaora. 
Exempt, to be, v. Iiapea; ka- 

Exert oneself, to, v. Tohe ; wha- 

Exhort, V. frhakahauhau; akiaki. 
Exile, s. Ileke. 

Expand, v. Makowha ; tiwhaki. 
Expand, as ^ving8, v. Roha. 
Expect, I'. Tumanako. 
Expel, v. Pei ; pana ; tuhiti {e.C.)' 
Explain, i'. irhakaatu ; whaka- 

Explode, v. Papa. See Burst 
Explore, v. Titiro; toro. 
Extended, //. Mahora. 
Extend the neck, v. Meinei(W.); 

Extent, v. .V///7/; nuinga; roa- 

Extinguished, to be, i». Pirau; 

poko {E. C.) ; ketoketo ; pio {R,) ; 

kvwa ; ngio {li.); piroku; whe- 

ko ; weroku. 
Extraordinary, a. ff'hanoke; ta- 
ng i ke. 
Extremity, .v. Hikuhikii; moka; 

topito ; matamata : moremore- 

nga ; pito ; poro. 
Exudation from plants, .v. Tae; 

Exult, V. /rhakakake. See Boast. 
Eye, s. Kaiiohi: karu. 
Eye-ball, s. U'hatu. 
Eyebrow, .v. Kape ; pewa; take- 

Eyelash, .v. Kamokamo. 
Eyelid, v. Re wha. 


Fable— Fester. 


Fable, s. Ktipu whakartte. 

Face, .V. Mala; kanohi. 

Face, to, v. Hangai. 

Fade, v. Hatea. 

Faint, fl. Hemo; hauhauaitu ; po- 

Faint, v. Hemo. 
Fair, a, Pakt; mao; tahnohao. 
Faith, s. Whakapono. 
Faithful, a. Pono. 
Faithless, u. Teka. 
Fall, V. Hinga ; makere; marere ; 

ngakuru; horo ; tiika; tanuku. 
Fall, as by lot, v. Taka. 
Fall heavily, as rain, />. Makere- 

whatu; tukupu. 
Fall ont, V. Ngahoro; riaki. 
False, a. Teka; horihori {w.)', 

parau {e. C.) ; warahoe. 
Falsehood, s. Teka; parau. 
Fame, s. Kongo. 
Famine, .v. IVa kai kore. 
Famish, v. Hemo kai. 
Fancy, v. IFhakaaro. See Think. 
Far off, a. Tawhiti. See Distant. 
Farewell, int. Hei konei ra : e 

noho ; haere ra. 
Farm, s. Mara. 
Farther, adv. Ki ko atu. 
Farthest, adv. Hi ko raiva atu. 
Fast, fixed, a. Mau; ngita {B.) ; u. 
Fast, a. Hohoro. See Quick. 
Fasten, v. Titi; whakau; wha- 

karawa ; whakangita (£.) : tamau 

{E. a). See Tie. 
Fasten the sides of a canoe with 

cord, V. Tui (Ng.); kotui; 

aukaka [e. C). 
Fastening, s. Tia; whakarawa; 

herenga; aukaha. 
Fastidious, a. fVhakatarapi {w.). 
Fasting, a. Nohopuku: puku. 
Fat, a. Momona. 
Fat, s. Ngako; matu. 
Fat about the kidneys, s. Pa ; 

taupa {E. C). 

Father, s. Pa; papa; matua tane. 
Father-in-law, *. Hungawai; ku- 

narere {E. C.) ; hunarei {e. 0.). 
Fathom, s. Maro. 
Fatigued, tf. Tungarangara (Ng.); 

ngenge; hoha. 
Fault, *. Hara; he. 
Fear, s. Mataku; wehi; hopo- 

liopo ; koera ; hihira ; moniania ; 

Fearful, a. JVehi; mataku. See 

Feast, s. Hakari. 
Feather, s. Hou; raukura. 
Feathers, large, of the wing, *'. 

Feeble, a. Ngoikore; iwikore. 

See Listless. 
Feed, v. W hangai. 
Feel, V. fVhawha. 
Fellow, s. Koroke; tahake {E.G.). 
~ a companion, Hoa. 
Female, a. JVahine. 
— of brutes. Uwha. 
Fence, s. Taiepa ; taepa; taki- 

taki (E.G.); wawa; kereteki; 

maihe {W.); tuwatawata {e. C.) ; 

lata {e. G.) ; tatara ( W.) ; teki. 
Fence against a flood. Ahuriki; 

Fence in a river for eels. Rau- 

iri; ririwai. 
Fender, s. Arai ahi; takuahi. 
Ferment, v. Toroi; i. 
Fern leaves, s. Rahurahu; ra- 

rahu; rauaruhe {E.G.); rarauhe 

{W.); peka; marohi; takaka. 
Fern root, s. Roi; aruhe; mo- 

hani; moheke ; meke ; pakakohi; 

renga {W.) ; parara {W.)- 
Fern land, .y. Koraha ; korehe. 
Ferry, s. Whakawhitinga. 
Ferryman, a. Kai whakawhiti. 
Fertile, a. Momona. 
Fester, .v. Tupua; xvharaki; pa- 
hup ahu : fongako. 

Fetch— Flour. 


Fetch, r. Tt'ki; toki. 

Fever, s. Kiri ka. 

Few, a. Rum'ua; torutoru: ouou 

{W.): n^ourmtru. 
Fibrous roots, .v. ^kaaka : kuka. 
Fibula, s. Tatahau. 
Field, s. Mara. 
Fierce, a. Hiri. 
Fifteen, a. Tekau ma n'ma. 
Fifth, a. Tuarima. 
Fifty, a, Rima tekau; hokoritna 

Fight, V. Tatau ; wAaufAat. 

Fill, r. Hhakakf. 

Filled, to be, v. Ki; pwu. 

Fillip, V. h'oropana: furapana. 

Fin, s. Tira. 

Find, V. Kite. 

Fine, a. ff'hakapaipai; torire; 

Fine, as weather, a. Paki. 
Finger, s. Matihaa ; mattkara : 

koikara {E. C.,. 
Finger, the little, s. h'uroiti. 
Finger nail, s. Maikuku ; inafi- 

Finish, v. U'hakamutu: iv/iaka- 

oli; u'hukapau: whakamahue. 
Finished, to be, v, Oti; hemo: poro 

{e. a) ; tauporo ; tutuki. 
Fire, s. J hi; kapurai hatete: 

kanaka (/?.): mapura; kora (jl); 

mau/e (ii.) : tif^ihn (W.): pahunu 

Fire, to set ou, /•. Idhu. 
Fire, to, v. Ihtpuhi. 
Firewood, .v. Il^ahie: pfhu \h.' .); 

kohure (li): kora {li.) : pioe (r) ; 

pirahu : piraku: pira/ia : rara. 
Firm, to be, v. L' ; man: ntt ; 

take fake ; tupu ; uka ( E. ''. ■ 
Firmness, s. i'nga. 
Firmament, *. h'ikorangi. 
First, a. Matamua; mataati ; ma- 

taika : mntnngohi. 
First, adr. Matua ; atua. 
First born, a. Matamua. 
First-fruit*, v. Tuapora : tamahn 

Fish, s, Ika; ngohi. 

Fish, V. Hi. 

Fish-hook, s. Matau; matika; 

noni (R.). 
Fisherman, .v. h'ai hi. 
Fishing-rod, s. Manana (A). 
Five, a. Rima. 
Fix, V. IVhakaui whakamau; 

whakapumau : poupou. 
Fixed, a. Pnmau. See Constant. 
Flaccid, a. Mgorettoa; taromanoa. 
Flag, a plant, s. Raupo. 
— colours, h'ara. 
Flame, s. Muramura. 
Flank, Naokao. 

Flap the wing, r. Jronnnrhaki. 
Flap in the wind, v. Tareparepa. 
Flash, r. il/wrri ; kotamulamu. 
Flat, a. Papatahi; pararahi; pora. 
Flat part of a spade or paddle, 

.T. Rapa. 
Flat-nosed, a. Ihu pararahi. 
Flatter, s. Whakapatipati. 
Flattery, s. Patipati ; rutu. 
Flavour, s. Ha. 
Flax plant, s. It'nrari; harakeke; 

tihore ; wharariki. 
Flax (^dressed), s. Muka ; whitau. 
Flay, V. Tihore, See Strip off. 
Flea, s. h'eha; tuiau; puruAi; 

mororohu {E. C). 
Flee, V. Oma. See Run. 
Fleet, .V. lianpapa. 
Flesh, s. h'ikokiko. 
Flexible, a. .\gore/igore ; ngore- 

Hoa ; iigoheiigohe (E.G.). 
Flight, .V. (hnanga. 
Fling, /'. Maka ; akiri. See Throw. 
Flint, X. h'iripaka. 
Float, V. Ma/iu ; rewa : taupua ; 

whakama/io ( W.) ; whakapaho 

(yg.) ; wetoki (R.). 
Flock, .V. h'ahui. See Herd. 
Flog, V. H'hiu. 
Flood, .V. Waipuke: parawhe/iua 

{E C.h 
Floor, .<. h'aupapa. 
Flour, s. Paraoa. 


Plow— FuU. 

Flow, V. Tere; patere ; kupere; 

Flow, as the tide, v. Pari; kato 
{E. C.) ; heru ; Aura ; ketu ; pa- 
para {W.); pi; wkanake [r.). 

Flower, s. Puawai ; piia ; puaka. 

Flute, s. Putorino; rehu; koauau. 

Flutter, as a bird, v. Kapekapeta. 

— as the heart. See Beat. 

Fly, s. Ngaro ; rango {e. C.) ; 
hurangi (i?.). 

Fly, V. Rere. 

Foam, s. Huka. 

Fog, s. Kohu; au; pukohu. 

Fold, s. Iioru; whatiangu. 

Fold, V. JVhakakopakopa: wlia- 

Follow, V. Aru; whai; taiohai 

Food, s. Kai; kame; kamukamu; 

koine ( W.) ; o ; oranga ; par are 

(B.); tame; tawhi ; wene [e.). 
Food eaten as a relish, /iinaki. 
Foolish, a. /{uare; rare; waira- 

Foot. s. Waeume. 
Foot of a pig, s. Taputapu. 
Footstep, s. Tapuwae, 
For, prep. Hei; mo. 
Forbid, v. hVhakakahore: wha- 

kakore; pehi; riri. 
Force, .v. Kaha. 
Ford, a. Kauranga; kauanga. 
Forearm, s. Takakau. 
Forehead, s. Rae. 
Foreigner, .v. Pakeha; taiawa. 
Foremost, a. Matamua. 
Forest, s. Ngaherehere ; nehe- 

nehe; waoku. 
Forget, V. JVareumre. 
Forgive, v. Hohou i te rongo. 
Forgotten, to be, v. Ngaro. 
Fork, s. Oka: (trou: marau; 

purou (TF.). 
Fork of a tree, s. Peka; tara- 

Form, s. Ahua. 
Former, a. Te mea o mua. 

Formerly, adv. Inamata; nona- 

Fornication, s. Pur emu; moe ta- 

Forsake, v. Whakarere. 
Forsaken, to be, v. Mahue. 
Fortification, s. Pa. 
Forty, a. JVha lekau; hokowha 

Forward, adv. Atu. 
Fosterchild, s. Whangai. 
Found (a thing), s. Kurapae; 

mea kite. 
Fountain, s. Puna. 
Four, a. IV ha. 

Four days ago, adv. Inaoakenui. 
Fourteen, a. Tekau ma wha. 
Fowl, barn-door, s. Heihei; ti- 

Fracture, s. A'ore; pakaru; pa- 

kore; w/iali. 
Fragile, a. Papanoa. 
Fragment, s. Korenga; whatinga. 
Fragrant, a. Kakara. 
Fraud,*. Tahae ; whanako ; kaia. 

See Thief. 
Freckle, s. Iraira {W.) ; koliivha- 

Free, a. Rangatira. 
Free from law of separation, a. 

Frequent, a. Auau; tonu. 
Fret, V. Karangi. 
Friend, s. Hoa. 
Fright, s. Mataku; welii. 
Frighten, v. fVhakamataku; wha- 

From, prep. I; no. 
J'ront, s. Aroaro. 
Trent of a house, s. Roro. 
Frost, s. Huka; haupapa; hau- 

Froth, s. Huka. 
Fruit, s. Hua. 
Full, to be, V. Ki; ngihangiha; 

pangoro; puhake {W); toka; 

puhapuha; tomo ; turuki. 
Full, to be (of the moon), v. 


Fulness — God. 


Fulness about the eyes or lips, | Funnel, s. fforere, 

S' Peru. Further, adv. Ki ko atu; ki pa- 

Fungus on trees, s. Havori; ha- /ff,^i qIu. 

rore {kC); kawai ; porotawa : .Ynstj, a. Hekaheka^ jmru, 
putawa. \ 


Gain, s. jrhakanmnga; kiia. 
Gale, s. ^wha; marangai; ori ; 

paroro (R.); tupuhi. 
Gall, s. Paoa ; au {e. C.) ( W.), 
Game, s. Takaro: kat. 
Gap, *. Putanga; pakarii. 
(}ape, I'. Kohera. 
Garden, $. Mara; kari. 
Garland, *. Pare; tiipare. 
Garment, .v. h'ahu ; kakahu; kaka 

{E. C.) i kowhekawheka ; weru- 

Garment, old, *. Tawhetawhe; 

karukaru (e. C). 
Gasp, /• Huha ; kiha. 
Gate, s. Tatau; keti. 
Gather, v. ff'Aawhaki; kowhaki; 

tahora {E.C.). 
Gather up, v. Rau ; whatimotimo. 
' ;ither together, v. Kohikohi. See 

(iaze, V. Matakiiaki; tirotiro, 
Uenealo^, s. h'awai; katvet; ko- 

rem tahu. 
Generous, a. Oka ; atawhai; ata- 

" ntleman, s. Hangatira. 
tntlewoman, s, IFahine ranga- 

' '< ntly, adv. Ata. 
host, s. H'airua. 
t'lddy, to be, v. Jmai; amiomio; 

anini; arohirohi ; rangiroro. 
(Jift, s. Mea humai noa ; rnea 

hoatu noa. 
('ills of a fish, s. 

• iimlet, *. H'iri. 
•iird, V. W^hitiki ; rapaki 
'iirdle, jr. fFhitiki 

pongi i ruruku. 

Kotiro; hengahenga; ko- 
E ko; e hika; 

Piha ; puha ; 

tatita {e.C); 

Girl, s. 

Girl, address to. 

e hine. 
Give, r. Homai; hoatu. 
Give way! int. laita ; tatta. 
Glad, to be, v. Hart; koa ; maha. 
Glare, v. Kanapa ; uira. See Shine. 
Glide, V, Tere; koUti; patete. 
Glisten, v. Kanapa; uira; ha- 

hana; wheriko. 
Gloomy, a. lyhakapoururu ; pa hi 

{E. a). 

Glory, I', ff hakahiht; whakaputa. 

See Boast. 
Glorj-, s. Kororia. 
Glow-worm, s. Pur a take. 
Glutton, *. haihoro. 
Gnash, v. Tetea, 
Gnat, s. fraeroa. 
Gnaw, V. Xgau; ngungu. 
Go, V. Haere; ngawi; tiki; whin 

{e. a) ; whana (n.) {E: C), 
Go about, r. Haereere ; kaewa 

{K a). 

Go round about, v. Amiki; ami" 
ku {W.); awhiowhio; fainufhio 
{W.); taiMio (jr.); itmiki. 

Go towards, /•. .4nga. 

Go sideways, v. fVhakakoko (ik). 
^Oo out, V, Pirau. See Extin- 

Go out of sight, V. Toremi; nu- 
numi. See Disappear. 

Go by the side of, v. Tapanihi; 

Go on! Hoatu i tcna. 

Go ahead, v. h'oke; koki; kotiti. 

Go in a body, v. Haere kopuni. 

Go for good, V. Oti atu. 

God, s. Jtua. 



Gold— Hair. 

Gold, s. Koura, 

Gone, to be, v. Riro ; ririo ; (a- 

peke; taweke; toke {r). 
Good, a, Paij purotu {e. C). 
It is good: Man ano. 

Goodness, .9. Huhuatanga; pai. 
Goods, s. Hang a; rawa; ngere- 

ngere {e. C.) ; taputapu {e. C). 
Goose, s. Kuihi. 
Gooseberry, s. Kupere. 
Gorge, s. Jpiti: kapiii. 
Gospel, s. Rongo pai. 
Gourd, 5. Hue; wenewene {e. C). 
Grace, s. Aroka noa. 
Gradually, adv. Ata; as Ka ata 

tiipii; it grows gradually. 
Graft, V. Hono. 
Grain, s. Kakano. 
Grandchild, s. Mokopuna. 
Grandfather, s. Tup una : tip una 

(.E. C). 

Grape, s. Karepe. 
Grasp (measure by the arms stretch- 
ed out), s. Pae. 
Grasping, a. Huirapa ; ihupuku. 
Grass, s. Olaota; tarutaru ; pa- 

titi {e. a). 
Grasshopper, s. Mawhitiwhiti ; ko- 

whiliwhiti; koeke. 
Grave, s. Poka ; rua ; marua. 
Gravel, s. Kirikiri. 
Gravy, *. JVairanu. 
Graze, {to touch lightly), v. Ho- 

honi (Ng.): konihi{w.); warn; 

Grazed (as the skin), a. Pahore. 
Grease, s. Hinu. 
Great, a. Nui; rahi; ivhakahara ; 

tetere (E.G.). 
Greatness, s. Koiwi; nuinga. 
Greedy, a. Kaikoro; kaiponu. 

See Stingy, and glutton. 

Green, a. Kakariki ; matomato. 

— (unripe). Torouka : ota. 
Greet, v. Tangi. 

Grey, a, Hina. 

Grief, *. Pouri. 

Grieve, v. n. Pouri. 

Grin, v. Pukana ; pakiri; tama- 

laina ; hoho ; ngangahu. 
Grind (in a mill), v. Huri. 

— (on a stone). Oro. 
Grindstone, s. Hoanga. 
Gritty, a. Mangengeiige. 
Groan, v. Aurere; n gun guru. 
Groove^ s. Awaaum. 

Grope, V. IVhawha haere. 
Grove, s. Motu rakau. See Wood. 
Ground, s. JVhenua ; o?ieone. 

— of a quarrel. Papa. 

Grow, ?'. Tupu; kahu; whanake. 

Growl, V. Ngunguru. 

Grub, s. Tuuga; pepe; kuhu ; 

Grumble, v. Amuarnu; hakuhaku 

{e.C); tapitapi; kotvheteivhete ; 

Grunt, V. Ngengeri; ngongoro. 
Guard, v. Tiaki. 
Guard, s. Kai tiaki. 
Guest, s. Manuhiri, 
Guide, V. Arahi; arataki. 
Guide, .V. Kai arahi. 
Gulp, V. Horo. 
Gum, s. Pia; kauri; ware. 
Gums, s. Tako. 
Gun, s. Pu. 
Gunwale, s. Niao. 
Gust, s. Ropu; apu. See Eddy 

Gut, *'. fVhekau 
Gutter, .y. Korere. 


Ha! int. Ha! 
Habit, s. Ritenga. 
Hack, V. Tapahi. 
Hackle, v. IVharo. 

Hail, V. Karanga. 

Hail, s. Nganga; whatu. 
I Hair, s. Huruhuru; makawe; ma- 
i hunga; whakakipa {w^. 

Hair — Hearken. 


Hair, a single. Kaka (?sg,): weu; 

tiru {e. C). 
Half full, a. Hangere: hemanga ; 

Half grown, a. Pipi. 
Half cooked, a. Roiroi. 
Hallow, V. trhakatapu. 
Halo, s. Pukoro. 
Halt, f. Tu. 
Halt suddenly, v. Tumu. 
Hammer, s. Ta {E.G.); hama. 
Hand, .v. Iti/tgaringa. 
Handful, s. Jnwhunga; kutanga. 
Handle, s. Puritanga; tan; tau- 

kawe : katre : kiwei ; popoia ( W.). 

— of an axe. h'akau. 
Handsome, a. .ilaahnu. 
Handspike, s. Hun. 

Hang, r. Taronn ; Inhere (£, C'.)* 
Hang up, V. n. Jri; tarewa; ta- 

rtiwn; tare; not ( H.) ; takeke; 

tauraki {E. C.) ; ttari. 
Hang up, I', a, frhata {E.C.); 

whakairi; whakahitveka (a); 

irhdkaum ( ir.) : whakatare. 
llang down, r. //'ereutere; /a- 


— as the lip. Hauwere. 

Hang loosely, v. Hatigoruiigoru; 
tiepa (>r.). 

— as the hair. Tuheihei. 
Happiness, .v. Ilari; kou. 
Happy, tf. Hari : koa. 
Harangue, s. Whaikorero. 
Harbour, v. h'nkorntangn ; tunga 

Hard, a. Maro : pakeke : pakuri; 

pakohea ; papa ; fotoka ; utonga . 
Hard work, .v. fVhakarira. 
Hardly, adv, H'hakattaua. 
Hardy, a. Maro, 
Harin. .v. h'ino. 

Har>li, //. Tata [H.); tuanui {\V.). 
Harvest,.*. Hau/iakeiiga ; kotinga. 
Hasten, v. Hohuro: nhiki (Ji,) ; 


!\.n/iua ! 

Ilohoro : whan^hai; 


I Hatched, to be, v. Pao. 
I Hatchet, s. Patiti. 
I Hate, V. hino: whakakino. 
Hateful, V. IVhakarihariha; wha- 

karikarika; weriweri [E.G.). 
Hatred, s. Mauuhara. 
Have, V. generally expressed by 
the possessive pronoun as. 
He pukapuka tana; He has a book. 

Haughty, a. lihakahi/n' ; whaka- 

pchapeha ; tv/iakakake. 
Haul, r. Tola; kukume. 
Hauled on shore, v. En. 
Hawk, s, h'ahn; karearea : Art- 

eaea {E. C.) ; kat'm'a : kauaua. 
He, pron, la. 
Head, s. Upoko ,• tnalenga : ma- 

hunga ; karu: angaanga : ka- 

raua {R.); ngoto; pane (»".); 

pareho; parihirihi; wfinknhipn 

— back of. Hemihemi; ku/iamo; 
kopako {E. C.) ; murikokai, 

— of a tree, h'anrn: kouru {w.). 

— of a ship. /////. 
Headache, *. Jnini; kofturu; 

ngahoahoa [W.); ngarnrn; pa- 

hoahoa . 
Headland, a. liae: kurae; tumu; 

kumore ; matamata ; torouka 

(E. a). 
Heal, V. HoNgna ; wkakamaku. 
Healed, to be, r. Mahu; or a. 
Health, .v. Oranga; or a. 
Heap , s. Pnrnngn ; whakapu ; 

kauika ; ahu ; n/iurewa (»r.),- 

kaupu ( W. ) ,• kawa ; pehanga ( W.) ; 

purawhelu;putunga; tahua (e. C); 

tnka (e. C); tuahu ; wharona 

(E. a). 
Heaps, to put in, v. Puranga; 

koputnputu: pufinngnili : pifin- 

ngaiti : whakapilinngniti; pukai 

{E.G.); putu; tapui; tarahono; 

whakamoa ; u^hakapapa. 
Hear, v. liongn; u^hakarungo. 

— indistinctly. Hakiri; mnhea- 
hea; hirearea. 

Hearken, v. Uhakarongo. 


Heart — Hot. 

Heart, s. Ngakau; hinengaro; mauri. 

— of a plant. Rito. 

— of a tree. Tarauho; tumore- 
more; uho. 

Heat, s. JVerawera ; pawera ; pu- 
kaka; pokaka (E.C.); pumaku. 

— red. Miramira. 
Heated, a. IV era ; kaka. 
Heated, to be, as an oven, v. 

Rerehu {e. C); tore {e. C). 
Heaven, s, Rangi. 
Heavy, a. Rorotu; taimaha; tau- 

niaha (e.C); toimaha (w.). 
Heel,*. Rekereke; ngaengae {r.). 
Height, s. Ikeike; teitei; tiketike. 
Hell, s. Reinga, 
Helm, s. Urungi: urunga. 
Help, V. Awhina, 
Hem, s. Remu. 
Hen, *. Heihei, 
Hence, adv. Atu, 
Henceforth, adv. Ake ake ake; 

Her, pron. pers. la. 
Her, pron. poss. Tana; tona; 

ana; ona. 
Hers, pron. poss. Nana ; nona. 
Herb. s. Otaota. 
Herd, s. Kahui; rahid {e. C); 

rang a {e.C); whakataka. 
Here, adv. Konei; nei. 
Hereafter, adv. Amua; amuri; 

anamata; houanga {w.). 
Hereby, adv. Ma konei. 
Hesitate, v. Ruarua; pohehe; po- 

hewa; pokaku. 
Hew, V. Hahau. 
Hiccough, s. Tokohana; ioko- 

mauri; tokopuhake {W.). 
Hide, v. Huna; kuhu; whaka- 

ngaro ; koropuku {e. C.) ; wha- 

kapeke; wkakapuke. 
Hide, s. Hiako; kiri. 
High, a. Ikeike; tiketike; teitei; 

rewa{E.C.); maiengi; morunga; 

motengi; poupou (e.C); pou- 

tumaro {e.C). 
High of the tide. Ki; tutuki; re- 
^ narena (e. C). 

Hill, s. Puke; toropuke. 
Hilly, a. Pukepuke. 
Hillock, s. Pukepuke. 
Him, pron. la. 

— for him. Mana; mona. 
Hinder, v. Whakawara; whaka- 

Hindermost thing, s. Hiku. 
Hip bone, s. Himu; humu. 
His, pron. Tana ; totia ; ana ; ona ; 

nana; nona. 
Hit, to be, v. Pa; tu. 
Hither, adv. Mai. 
Hitherto, adv. Ko konei; taea 

noatia tenei wa. 
Ho! int. Ho! 

Hoard, v Rongoa; tohu; kaiponu. 
Hoarfrost, s. Huka ; haupnpa. 
Hoarse, to be, v. fVhango. 
Hoe, s. Rakuraku; karaone. 
Hoist, v. Huhuti. 
Hold, V. Pupuri; pupuru {W.). 

— in the arms. Okooko. 

— up. fVhakaari ; whakahana (TF.). 

— to the fire. Turara. 

— at one end. Mautarakini. 
Hold! int. laua! Taua! 
Hold of a ship, s. Riu. 

Hole, s. Poka ; puta ; korua ; ko- 

whao; koroputa. 
Hollow, s. Pokorua; hapua; pa- 

konga; wharemoa. 
Hollow out, V. Whakapokorua ; 

Hollow (to shout), V. Karanga. 
Holy, a. Tapu. 
Home, s. Kainga. 
Honour, s. Honore. 
Hook, s. Matau. 
Hoop, s. Korowhitiwhiti ; viowkiti; 

pirori; tarawhiti {w); whiti. 
Hop, V. Hiteki. 
Hope, V. Tumanako. 
Horizon, s. Pae. 
Horse, s. Hoiho. 
Host, s. Mano. See Multitude. 
Hostilities, s. Pakanga ; whainga. 
Hot, a. JVera; pawera; paka- 


Hover — Injury. 


Hover, v. fVhakatopa. 
House, s. fflntre ; wharepuui; 

— a small. Kopuha. 

— for potatoes, &c. Rua; ha- 
poki ; hopekiwi (ir.): putengi- 
tengi; ruakoauau; ruatahuhu; 
wharerangi: pataka (JK). 

How, adv. Pehea: pea {Ji.), 
How many. Eat! era we! (B.). 

Interrogatively, Ehia? tokohia? 

hokohia? {w). 
How great! .-tno! 
Howl, V, Tangi; ngawi. 
Humble, v. IVhakaili. 
Hundred, a. Ran. 
Hunger, s. Iliakai; hemokai. 

Hungry, a. Hiakai; hikoko ; pikoko. 

Hunt, V. trhakangau. 

Hurricane, s. Tupnhi ; marangai. 

Hurry, s. Taruketanga (J\g.); 

Hurry, to be in a, v. Porangi; 
ivhawhai {E. C); takare {e. C.) ; 
kaika {e. C.) ; whakateteka ; po- 
tatu {e. a). 

Hurry, to do in a, v. Jtiraki; 

Hurt, s. Tti. 

Husband, s. Tahit ; tane. 

Hush! int. h'ati; turituri; ma- 

Husk, s. Kopaki. 

Hymn, s. Himeue; ivaiata. 


1, prun. Ju: ahau. 

Ice, *. Haupapa : hauhutiga ; huka 

{E. C.) ; hiikapapa {e. C). 
Idea, s. Tohu; whakaaro. 
Identical, a. Pit; tino. 
Idiot, s. Porangi; haurangi. 
Idle, a. Mangere. See Lazy. 
Idol, s. IVhakapakoko. 
Ignorance, $. h'naretanga. 
Ignorant, a. /if tare. 
if, conj. Me: mehemea ; penei; 

ka pa fait: ki: ki te mea. 
Ill, a. Mate. See Sick. 
1 11 treat, v. Tit kino. 
illustrious, a. Hau; ingoa ntti. 
Image, s. ff^hakapakoko ; ahua. 
Imitate, v. fVhai; wkakalau; ta- 

whai {w.). 
Immediately, aiiv. Jianei; na tou 

(E. C); inamata {W.). 
Impatient, a. Porangi; whawhai 

{E.G.). See Hurry. 
Impetuous, a. Taikaha. 
Importunate, a. Tene; tohe. 
Improve, v. Pai huere. 
In, prep. I; kei; i roto i; kei 

roto i; i ro; kei ro. 
In comparison of, prrp. I. 
Inaccessible, a. Tapu. 

Incite, V. frhakahauhait; akiaki; 

tohe ; whakapalaritari. 
Inclination, s. Jro: aronui; pai. 
Increase, v. Oha ; ntti haere. 
Indeed, adv. Hoki. 
Indignation, mark of, int. Ha ! 

Indefinite, a. Taurangi. 
Indentation, s. h'okorutanga ; ko- 

Indistinct, a. (of sound). Hirea- 

rea ; hakiri {e. C.) ; ma hen hen. 
Industrious, a. Mamahi; ah it whe- 

Infant, s. Potiki ; tamaiti. 
Infer, v. Whakaaro. 
Inferior in rank, a. IV arc ; kuare ; 

Influence, s. Mana. 
Influence, to give, v. fFhaka- 

Influenza, s. Taiawa; tarulawhiti 

{E. a). 
Infonner (who bears the news of 

the approach of a war party), 

.y. jliitaua. 
Inhabit, v. Nuho. 
Injure, v. Tukino; tuntihuruhuru. 
Injury, s. h'ino; tukinotanga. 


luk — Kind. 

Ink, s. Matigmnafigu. 

Inland, adv. Ki uta. 

Inquire, v. Ui; patai; whakapa- 

tai ; pakiki. 
Insane, a. Porangi; haurangi. 
Insect, s. Ngarara. 
Insensible, a. IVhakaaro-kore. 
Insert, v. Kokorno; whakauru ; 

Inside, adv. Roto. 
Insipid, a. Hakore. 
Instead of, prep. Mo. 
Instruct, V. Ako; whakaako. 
Intercede, v. Inoi. 
Intercept, v. Kokoti; haukoti (]f.). 
Intercessor, s. Kai inoi. 
Intercourse, s. Korero. 

Intermix, v. fVhakaiiru. See Mix. 
Interpret, v. IFhakamaori. 
Interval, s. Takiiva. 
Interview, s. Kilenga. 
Intestines, .v. Whekaii. 
Into, prep. Ki roto ki -, ki ro. 
Invent, v. Tene; tito ; poka. 
Investigation, s. IVkakawa. 
Inward, a. Roto; whakaroto. 
Iron, s, Rino , rnaitai. 
Irregular, a. Whakahipahipa (FT.). 
Island, s. Motu; maheno. 
It, pron. la. 
Itch, s. 

harehare ; tarakura. 
Itch, V. Rekareka; ngaoko ; ma- 

Hakihaki; waihakihaki ^ 

Jabber, v. Hautete; korerorero. Join parts of a net. Tatai ; tui 

Jaded, a. Nge/ige. 

Jail, s. fVhare herehere. 

Jamb, s. Tuturu. 

Jar, V. Mania; tioro ; wheoro. 

Jaw, s. Kauae. 

Jealous, to be, v. Tupato ; hae; 

atea ; oivhiti {e.C); puka {w.) ; 

Jeer, v. Tawai; taunu; whakalau; 

patai (Ng.). 
Jerk, V. Takiri. 
Jest, s. Tinihanga; hangarau; 

hangareka ; raureka ; whakanene. 
Jingle, V. Tatangi. 
Jog, V. Rutu. 
Join, V. Apiti; huihui; uru; hau- 

mi; kar apiti; taparu {E.G.); 

tapiri; tuhono; tapuni. 

w ha tui. 

Joint, s. Pona. 

Joist, s. Kurupae, 

Joke, s, Hangarau; tinihanga. 
See Jest. 

Journey, s. Haere. 

Joy, s. Hari; koa. 

Judge, V. Whakarite whakawa. 

Judge, s. Kai whakarite whakawa. 

Judgment, s. Whakawakanga. 

Juice, s. JVai; tae. 

Jump, V, Peke; tupeke {w); ma- 
uyhiti; mowhiti; mokowhiti; ma- 
huta {R.— w.y 

— out of the water. Auha ; pa- 
nau ; whakapuhoru. 

Junction of tribes for hostile pur- 
poses, s. Haumi. 

Just, a. Tika. 


Keel, s. Takere; tangere. 
Keep, V, Pupuri; pupuru {w^. 
Keep close, v. Pirihongo (tt.). 
— in the mind. Whakapuke. 
Keepsake, s. Oha\ manatunga. 
Kick, V. fVhana. 

Kidney, s. Whatukuhu. 

Kill, V. Patu; whakamate; tuki- 

Killed, to be, v. Maru. 
Kind, a. Atamai; atawhai. 
Kind, s. Tu. 

Kindle — Leak. 


Kindle, i\ Tahu; ton. 

— a fire by rubbing sticks. Hika. 

Kindred, .V. Ifhanaunga ; httanga. 

King, 5. Kingi. 

Kingdom, s. Rangatiratatiga. 

Kiss, V. Mote: kihi. 

Kitchen, .v. h'auta^ kuhn; here- 

umit; kamuri. 
Kite, a toy, .v. Mann. 
Knead, v. Pokepoke ; popn. 
Knee, s. Turi. 
Knee-deep, a. To nga turi 
Knee-joint, s. Turipona. 
Kneel, v. h'oroptko: tuturi; hiiiiiu. 

I Knife, A*. Maripi; mikara (e.C); 
kota (a). 

Knob, s. Piiktt. 

! Knock, V. Pattikituki: pakuku ; 
I pakuru; whakapakuku. 

— to pieces. Tukiluki. 

Knot, on a tree, s. Mo/ta. 
! — in a string, &c. Pona. 
j Know, V. Matan; mohio; hua. 
j I kuow not; Aua; auake. {^E. C.) 

Knowledge, a\ Matauranga ; mo- 

Knuckle, s. Pona, 


Labour, toil, s. IJaua, 
Labour pain, s. ff'haknmnuiaf. 
Lace, V. h'otui. 
Lade, v. h'oko; tikoko. 
Laden deeply, to be, v. Paru- 

paru\ toparuparn. 
Ladder, s. .trnwhata. 
Ladle, v. h'oko; tikoko. 
Lady, s tVahinc rangatira. 
I -i-. / trhakatorekereke. 
Lake, .V. Roto; moana. 
Lame, a. h'opa ; iigongengonge ; 

turingongengonge ; kopiri; haua 

{E. C.) ; waehaua. 
Lament, v. Jue, 
Lamp, 8. ftama. 
Lance, s. Matia; kokiri; tao. 

See Spear. 
Land, 1. ff'henua; uta. 
I>and, r. Tae ki uta; kawe ki 

I*anding-place, *. Tauranga. 
Landmark, s. Tio (Ngt.). 
Landslip, s. Horo, 

Land wind. 


Language, s. Reo. 

Languid, a. Ngoikore; iwikore. 

liard, v. /fiuu poaka. 

I>arge, w. yut; rahi; tetere {n. C). 

— very. U'hakaharahara. 

Lash, r. ^yhiu. 

Lash (to fasten). Hohon; hotiki 

{e. c). See Bind. 
Last thing, s. Te mea o mun; 

Last night. Inapo; nonapo. 
Last year. Tauhouanga {e. C). 
Latch, *. fFhakarawa. 
Late, to be, v. Po. 
Late, a. Tomuri (e. c); ukuto 

Lath, s. Haho. 
Lather, s, Huka. 
Lava, *. Rangitoto. 
Laugh, V. Kata ; ngingio ; hohc- 

hohe (jr.). 
Laugh, to cause to, v. trhaka- 

Launch, v. Iwkiri; to; uaki. 
Law, s. Tare. 
Lawful, a, Tika. 
Lay, V. frhakatakoto ; waiho ; 

pang a. 
Lay crosswise, /'. fVhakapae. 
Lazy, a. Mangere; pakikore; rora; 

whakatamatama ; inukorokoro 

(E. a). 
Lead, a*. Mata. 
Lead, v. Jruhi; whakataki ; am- 

taki {e. a). 
Leader, s. Kai a rahi. 
Leaf, s. Ran; pukawfia {w.). 
Leak, v. Tuturu; mama. 


Lean — Live. 

Lean, v. Hinga; tiraha; whanau; 

taiuru; honga {w). 
— against. Whakawkirinaki ; wha- 

Lean, a. Hauaitu; tupuhi; pa- 

koko; hauarea-, kawareware; hi- 

roki ; kohoi ; panganga; tuoi ; 

Leap, V. Peke; tupeke. 
Learn, v. Ako, 

Least, a, Itirawa; nohinohi rawa. 
Leave, v. Whakarere. 
Leave off, v. Whakamutu. 
Left, to be, v. Mahue ; waiho. 
Left-handed, a. Maui, 
Leg, s. Waewae ; tatahau. 
Legend, s. Kauwhau. 
Leisure, s, Ateatanga, 
Lend, v. Tuku. 
Length, s. Roanga. 
Lengthen, v. JVhakaroa ; patete. 
Leprosy, s. Tuwhenua; mahaki. 
Less, a. Iti iho ; nohinohi iho ; 

Lessen, v. Harahara; whakaiti. 
Lest, conj. Kei, 

Let down, v. Tuku: whakahoro. 
Let go, V. Tuku. 
Letter, s. Pukapuka. 
Level, a. Tika tonu. 
Level, V. Tahoro. 
Liar, s. Tangata teka. 
Liberal, a. Atawhai; oha; ata- 

Lick, V. Mitimiti. 
Lid, s. Taupoki; popoki. 
Lie, s. Horihori'j parau; teka. 
Lie, V. Takoto ; pae; kaike {w); 

taika (E.G.), kauki {W.); noi 

( JF.) ,• rare {e. a) ; taeki {e. C.) ; 

tawheta (e. O.) ; tete {e. C.) ; who- 

Lie across, v. Rakapikipiki ; ta- 

Lie broadside, v. Pae; koronae. 
Lie about, v. Takotonoa. 
Lie in a heap, v. Tihi; pehi (JF.); 

tanewha (b.); tangita (i?.). 
Lie flat, v. Toropapa, 

Lie separate, v. Tauke (tf.). 
Lie still, V. Whakapahake. 
Lie in wait, v. Whanga. 
Life, s. Ora; oranga. 
Lifetime, s. Oranga. 
Lift up, V. Hapai; whakaara; 

paikeike; riaki {w.) {E.G.). 
Ligament, s. Uaua. 
Light, in weight, a. Mama. 
Light, s. Ao; marama. 
— Turama; rama. 
Light, to be, v. Ao; marama. 
Light, V. Toroherohe ; turama; 

Light, as a bird, v. Tau. 
Lighten, v. fVhakamama. 
Lightning, s. Uira. 
Like, V. Ahuareka; manaaki; ma- 

nako; waireka. 
Like this, adv. Penei. 
Like that, adv. Pena; per a. 
Like manner, in, adv. fFaihoki. 
Like, to be, v. Rite; ahukahuka 

{W.); ariaria {e. a). 
Liked, to be, v. Paingia. 
Liken, v. Whakarite. 
Likeness, s. Akua; ritenga; ka- 

Likewise, adv. Hoki; waihoki. 
Lime, s. Kota. 
Limp, V. Totitoti. 
Line, or string, s. Aho; nape. 
Line, or row, s. Kapa. 
Linen, s. Rinena. 
Linger, v. fVhakaroa. 
Lintel, s. Karupe. 
Lion, s. Raiona. 
Lip, s. Ngutu. 
Listen, v. fVhakarongo. 
Listless, a. Ngoikore; iwikore; 

waikauere ; waikorohuhu ; ko- 

ngehe ; anewa ( w) ; toupiore 


Litter, s. Amo; kauhoa. 

Little, a. Nohinohi; iti; paku. 

See Small. 
Little while ago, adv. Inakuara; 

Live, V. Ora; Jioho. 

Live — Man. 


Live coal, s. Kongo; ahi. 
Liver, s. ^tie; whanewhaue. 
Lizard, s, Mokomoko; tuatara; 

ruafara (JSg.)' 
Load, s. h'awenga; pikait; pikau- 

nga ; wahanga. 
Loathsome, a. frhakarihariha; 

whakarikarika ; wenweri. 
Lobster, s. h'oura. 
Lock of hair, s. Rinomakawe. 
Locust, s. Talarakihi; kihikiki 

{E. C.) ; whitiwhiti ; mawkitiwhiti. 
Lodge, V. NoAo. 
Lofty, a. Teiiei (W.); tikettke; 

Loin, s. Hope; tikihopc. 
Loiter, v. Whakaroa ; whakana- 

fiawe ; tarioi. 
Loll, V. H'hakawhirinaki. 
Lonely, a. Mokemokc; mehameha ; 

Long, a. Hoa; hitawetawe; ta- 

Long, in time, a. Unka ; nahea ; 

iaro; wheau. 
Long (of long standing), a. Ta- 

ukiuki. after, v. ./irkitu; wawata ; 

manawapa; manawapopore; okaka 


Long time ago, adv. Inamata; 

Longlegs, s. Tokoroa. 

Look, V. Titi'ro. 

J^ook about, v. Matakiiaki ; tiro- 
tiro ; kaeaea. 

Look anxiously for, v. Matatau. 

Look at, V. Toro {e. C). 

Look for, t». Rapu; kimi; rapa 
(e.g.); haha {w) ; harau; au' 
haha; hahau, 

ook sideways, xk IFhakakiwi; 
titiro kotaha. 

Looking glass, s. ff'hakaata. 

Loose, to be, v. h'orokoro; ha- 
ngoro; hangorutigoru; tangoro- 
ngoro: taromanoa; tarure; ti- 
taka ; kaewa (e. C.) ; tan ga Nga. 

Loose, as earth, a. Pungorungoru. 

Loosen, v. ff'kakakorokoro. 

Lop, V. Tope: kokoti. See Cut. 

Lord, s. Jriki ; rangatira. 

Lost, to be, V. Ngaro; matoha 

Loud, a. Marama; tangt ma. 
Love, s. Aroha ; koingo ; konohi; 

manakanaka ; matenui. 
Louse, s. h'utu. 
Low water, to be, v. Makau; 

pakoa ; makoa ( W.) ; pakihi {e. C). 
Low, to be, V. Uakahaka ; papaku. 
Low, through misfortune, to be, 

V. fraikauere ; waikorofmhu. 
Lower, adv. h'i raro iho. 
Lucid, a. Marama. 
Lucky, a. Wuimarie. 
Lug, V. Huhuti; tauhutihuti. 
Lukewarm, a, Pttwera. 
Lull, s, Marino. See Calm. 
Lump of earth, s. Pokurukuni ; 

keretu; kurupci ; peipei; kerc- 

ngeo {R.). 
Lumpy, a. Kanokano. 
Lungs, jr. Pukapuka. 


Nfackerel, x. Tawatawa; tewe- 

lewe {n). 
Mad, a. Ilawangi; porangi; po- 

^f adman, s. Porangi; haurangi. 
Maggot, s. Kittukutu ; iroiro ; ke- 

tokftto (/?.). 
Nfagnify, v. H'hakanui. 
.Magnitude, s. Nui. 

Maize, s. Kaanga ; kopakipaki. 
Maimed, a. liero. 
Mainland, s. Tuawhenua. 
Make, v. llanga; rrfiaihanga{E.C). 
Male, a. Tone; tourawhi ; toa. 
Malice, s. Mauahara. 
Malicious, a. Maunhartt : kawe 

Man, s. Tangala. 


Man Mist. 

Man, old, s. Kara; koroheke ; ko- 

rotia {e. a) ; kakoro (e. C.) ; ka- 

raua ; purakau (i?.). 
Man, young, s. Taitamariki. 
Manage, v. Whakarite. 
Mange, s. Waihakihaki. 
Manifest, a. Marama; kitea. 
Mankind, s. Tangata. 
Manner, s. Ritenga; tu; tikanga. 
Manure, s. JVairakau. 
Many, a. Tini; maha; tokomaha; 

hi a. 
Mark, v. Tohutohu. 
Mark, s. Tohu; waitohu {e. C). 
Mark of a perserve or sacred spot, 

s. Rahui. 
Mark on the skin at the birth, 

s. Ira. 
Marrow, s. Hinu wheua. 
Marriage, s. Tangohanga {e. C.) ; 

Married woman, *. Maronui, 
Marry, v. Marena. 
Marshy, a. Tapokopoko; repo. 
Marvel, v. Miharo. See Won- 
Mashed, a. Hupenupenu; kohari; 

peniipemi; tararo. 
Mast, s. Rewa; rakau. 
Mast of a canoe, s. Tiratu. 
Master, s. Rangatira. 
Mast for the floor, s. Takapau; 

tapau; wharariki; koaka^E.C^; 

tienga {e. C). 
Me, pron. Ahau. 

— for me, Maku ; moku ; mahaku ; 

— by me. Maku; naku. 

— of me. Noku. 

Mealy, a, Mahunga; mangaro; 

mohungahunga ; motuha?iga. 
Mean, a. Tutua ; ware. 
Measure, s. Tatai; mehua. 
Measure with extended arms, v. 

Whanga; whanganga; whai'ite; 

whatau; tatai. 
Meat, s. Kikokiko. 
Meddle, s. Rahurahu ; tangotango. 

See Pull about. 

Mediator, s. Takaivaetiga. 
Medicine, s. Rojigoa. 
Meditate, v. Whakaaro. 
Meek, a. Mahaki. 
Meet, V. Tutaki; whakahei {e.C) ; 

whakatau (Ng.). 
Meet in front, v. Haukoti {w.). 
Mellow, a. Ngaivari; ngohengoke ; 

Melt, V. Rewa. 

Membrane which covers the vis- 
cera, s. Whiwhi. 
Memory, s. Mahara. 
Mend, v. Hanga. 
Mention, v. Rorero. 
Mentioned before, a. Taua; aua. 
Merciful, a. Toku. 
Merry, a. Hari ; koa. 
Mesh, s. Kanakana; mata; ta- 

Message, s. Kupu; korero. 
Messenger, s. Karere; kaikai- 

waiu; purahorua {W.). 
Meteor, s. Kotiri; matakokiri. 
Middle, s. Waenganui; waenga- 

pu; waetigarahi; waenga; po- 

kapu; turotowaenga (W.—E.O.); 

Midnight, s. Waenganuipo. 
Mild, a, Mahaki. 
Mildew, s. Hekaheka. 
Mile, s. Maero. 
Milk, s. Waiu. 
Mill, s. Mir a. 

Mind, s. Ngakau; hinengaro. 
Mine, pron. Taku; toku; tahaku; 

tokoku; naku; noku. 
Miracle, s. Merekara. 
Miscarriage, s. Materolo; take; 

Mischievous, a. Nana; raukeke 

{w); rahurahu (E.G.). 
Misery, s. Mate; pouri. 
Misgive, v. Manuka nuka; awu- 

ngawanga; korapa {w). 
Mislead, v. Whakake. 
Miss, V. Memo; heke; pahemo. 
Mist, a. Koku ; an {e. C) ; pu- 


Misty — My. 


Misty, a. Jnehu (fT.); uiohango 

Mistake, s. He ; poauau ; pohehe : 

poheira: pokaku; porahurahu ; 

Mistake in speech, s. Pakewa. 
Mix, V. Pnkepoke: nam/: whaka- 

nanu; popo; ranu ; konatunatu 

{e.C); natu {E.C.); whakarann ; 

whakahanumi {e. C). 
Moan, V. .-furere; ngunguru. 
Moat, s. Awakeri; atvakari: awa- 

Mock, V. Tawai; taunu; whakn- 

tau; pa tat (A^.)* 
Model, 5. Pukenga (e. c): fnut'ra. 
Moderate, v. Mahaki. 
Moderate, to be, v. liikarika ( w). 
Moist, to be, v. Maku; hauku 

(£,'. C) : haumaku {E. C.) : hau- 

faku{E.C.); kopufoitoi; kuwai- 

wai: lot; towawahi {w.). 
Moisten, v. ff'knkamakuku. 
Moisture, s. Maku ; hauku : hau- 

Mole, jr. Iraira. 
Month, 8. Marama. 
Monument, .v. Tohu. 
Moon, s. Marama. 
Moonlight, s. yitarau; atamarama. 
Moor, s. h'oraka. 
More, a, Tetahi atu; nui atu; 

rahi atu. 
Morning, s. j4ta. 
Morning star, x. Tawera. 
Morrow, on the, adv. .ipopo ; 

Morsel, s. tyaki. 
Mortified, to be, v. h'ikohunga. 
Mosquito, 8. ^yaeroa. 
Moss on trees, 8. h'ohukohu ; pa- 
Most, a. Te wa/ti nui. 
Moth, v. //uku ; naonao ; purehu- 

rchu ; purehua (e. C). 
Mother, .v. Matua wakine; wkaea; 

koka {e.C); whaerere. 

Mother-in-law, s. Hungawai; hu- 

narere {e. C.) ; hunarei (e. C). 
Motion, s. Koninga ; korikorhiga ; 

Motive, s. Take; putake. 
Move about, v. heukeu; knri- 

kori: taka. 
Move swiftly, r. Omaki. See Glide. 
Move towards, v. Jhu; koiii ; 

neke ; nuku ; onoi; paneke ; wha- 

Move up and down, v. Piupiu. 
Move the lips, /•. h'omekome. 
Mouldy, to be, *'. Hekaheka : puru. 
Mound, s. Toropuke ; pukepuke. 
Mount, I', Kke. 
Mountain, s. Maunga. 
Mountainous, a. Maunga. 
Mourn, v. Tangi; aue; taua. 
Mourning, s. Taua : tangi. 
Mouth, .V. Mangai; waha ; ma- 

whera (/?.). 
Mouth, sides of, .v. Pakiwaha {e. C). 
Mouth of a river, s. Mgutuawa; 

kuaha : puaha ; wahapu: kongutu. 
Much, a. Nui; ra/ii. 
Mud, s. Paru ; paruparu {e. C.) ; 

Multiply, V, H'Aakanui; nui Aaere. 
Multitude, s. Maha : hira ; mano ; 

tint; /tea. 
Murder, .v. ho/turu; whakapiko. 
Murder, v. h'o/turu. 
Murmur, r. h'owketewkete ; kn- 

hutnuhuniu. See Grumble. 
Muscle, .v. liuku; purewha; ku- 

tae ; ngupara. 
Muscle, freshwater, s. luikahi. 
Mushroom, s. Hai'ori. 
Musket, .V. Pu. 

Must. J/e, before the verb, as 
Me haere; You luuiit go. 

Mutter, V. Harnetne ; liamumu; 

kumenie ; ha uui ta . 
Muzzle, .y. ff'aha; ngutu. 
Muzzle, V. fVhakamoka. 
^ly, pron. Taku; toku ; aku ; uku. 


Nail — Now, 


Nail, s. Tilt; ivhao. 

Naked, a. ftau; tahanga {w.); 

Name, s. Ingoa. 
Name, v. Hua; tap a. 
Namely, adv. Ara, 
Nap, s. Hungahunga. 
Narrow, a. Whaiti. 
Nation, s, Iwi; hapu ; pu. 
Native, a. Maori; tupu. 
Natural, a, Maori. 
Navel, s. Pito. 
Nay, adv. Kahore. See Not. 
Neap tide, s. Taitai ririki. 
Near, a. Tata; tutata; tatata; 

patata; pine; puputu. 
Necessary, a. Ka takoto te tika- 

Neck, s. Kaki. 
Neck, back of, s. Tuta; poro- 

kaki {e. C); moua {e. C). 
Needle, s. Ngira. 
Neglect, s. fVhakaaro kore. 
Neglect, V. Whakarere. 
Neighbour, s. Hoa tata. 
Neither, adv. Kahore. See Not. 
Nephew, s, Iramutu; tapairu{w.). 
Nest, s. Owhanga ; kowkanga. 
Net, V. Ta. 
Net, s. Kupenga ; kukuti ; pu- 

koro; tauwhatu; whakawhiu. 
— small handnet. Tata; tawiri; 

rohe (e.); kori; toere; toemi 

Nettle, s. Ongaonga. 

Never, adv. Kahore rawa ; kihai 

New, a. Hon. 
Newness, s. Kaimatatanga ; hou- 

News, s. Korero. 
Next, a. Tata. See Near. 
Nibble, v. Harangote; tongi. 
Nice, a. Reka. 
Nick, s. Hamamataiiga ; ngatata ; 


Niece, s. Iramutu; tapairu {w.). 
Night, s. Po; kengo [r.). 
Nimble, a. Hohoro; kakama. See 

Nine, a. Iwa. 
Nineteen, a. Tekau ma iwa. 
Ninety, a. Iwa tekau; hokoiwa 


Nip, V. Ktkini; kuku; pakini. 

Nipple, s. U. 

Nit, s. Riha. 

No, adv. Kahore; kanape. 

Nod, v. Tungou; manana. 

Nod through drowsiness, v. Tu- 

Noise, s. Turituri; maniania {e. C.) ; 
nganga; nge; ngengere ; ngu- 
nguru; porearea {E. C). 

Noise, to make, v. Tihoihoi; wha- 
karengoa ; haparangi {e. C.) ; 
hoihoi (W); Jiani (e. C.) ; turi- 
turi: maniania ; nganga. 

Noise of steam in boiling, s. Hu; 

Nonsense, s. Hatigareka; hanga- 
rau; tinihanga; raureka. 

Noose, s. Rore; tawhiti. See 

Nor, adv. Kahore. See Not. 

North, s. Nota. 

North-east wind, s. Pawhakarua. 

North-west wind, s. Hauatiu ; ko- 
tiu; tuaraki; tupatiu. 

Nose, s. Ihu. 

Nostril, s. Pongaponga. 

Not, adv. Kahore; aua; ehara; 
kore; ehake; haunga; hore; hori 
{w?}; kaua; kauaka; kanape 
(e.g.); kei; kiano ; kihai; te. 

Notch, V. Teno ; tokari; whaka- 

Nothing, .V. Kahore kau he mea. 

Notwithstanding, conj. Jhakoa. 

Novice, s. Ihupuku. 

Now, adv. Aianei; inaianei; na 

Nuisance — Origin. 


Nuisance, s. yanakia ; taitahae : 

aufaia {e. C); whanoke (e. C). 

Number, s. Hira (h.); tokoma- 


Numerous, s. Hira {w.); tint 

ngerongero ; tint whaioio. See 

Nurse, v. Hiki; tapuhi {e. C). 
Nurse, s. Kaihiki. 


0, vocativcy int. E. 

Oar, s. Hoe. 

Obey, V. Ron go. 

Object, V. tVhakakahore; w/iaka- 

Observe, v. Tiiiro; matakifaki. 
Obsidian, s. Tu/ti/a. 
Obstacle, s. Tatuiahua; arai; tau- 

Obstinate, a. Turt; tutu; whaka- 

keke ; taumaro : papamaro{E. C); 

hoi; keke ; motohe {E. C); pake; 

Obstruction, s. ^4rni; pa ; taupa. 

See Block up. 
Obstruction in the eye, s. Pura. 
Obtain, v. Whiwhi. 
Occasion, *. //'a. 
Occupation, s, H'hakataute. 
Occupy, V. Mnho. 
Ocean, s. Moana. 
Ochre, s. h'okowai; tareha ; ka- 

ramea ; horna. 
Odd number, .v. Hara; koha; 

Odour, s. h'akara ; haunga. 
Of, (belonging to), prtp. J; o; 

na ; no. 
Offence, .v. Ildra ; kino; he. 
Offend, V. Ilnni : he: luniihuru- 

Off'ensive, lo be, v. .inuanu. 
Off"ering to a deity, s. Tiri; wha- 

Office, *. Mahi. 
Off'spriug, s. IJri; whanau; mo- 

wo; momohanga. 
Often, adv. Juan, 
Oh, int. 0. 
Oil, .V. ///////. 
Ointment, s. Hinu. 

Old, a. Tawhito; tuarangi. 

Omen, s. Ailua ; tohu. 

Omit, V. Kape. 

Omnipotent, a. Kaha raxva. 

On, prep, h'i runga i. 

Once, adv. Tuatahi. 

One, a. Tahi; ngatahure (i?.). 

Only, adv. Jnake; anahe; kau. 

Onwards, adv. Jke; atu. 

Ooze, V. Toto; pati. 

Open, a. Hamama ; puare; tu- 

whera; kuwhera; matatawha ( w); 

pirara ; piwatawata ; porara ; 

pnataata ; purara ; punuitawata ; 

ta whera ; tiwhaki. 
Open, V. frhakapuare; whaka- 

tuwhera ; uaki. 
Opening, s. Putanga ; tomokanga. 

See Entrance. 
Ophthalmia, .v. Papahewa; tore- 
tore (ir.). 
Opinion, .v. U'hakauro. 
Opportunity, s. If a. 
Oppose, V. IVhawhai; arai. 
Opposite, to be, v. Jnganui mai; 

Opposite side, s. Tawahi; tara- 

Opposite side, on the, adv. Tai. 
Oppress, V. IThakawhiu; whnkn- 

Or, (answering to whether), amj. 

Ranei; ahakoa ; raina {e. C). 
Oration, .v. /torero; taki ; whai- 

korero . 
Orator, *. Kai korero. 
Ordain, v. H'hakarite. 
Order, v. Patukituki {w.) ; unga; 

tono; tapa. 
Order, to put in, /'. IThukapai. 
Origin, .v. Timatanga. 


Ornament. — Path. 

Ornament for the neck, s, Hei; 

Ornamental, a. Whakapaipai. 
Orphan, s. Pani. 
Other, pro7i. Tera; teiahi. 
Otherwise, adv, Penei. 
Oven, s, Hangi; umu; hapi; hopi 

{E.); karahu; kohua (»'.); konao 

{w.); kopa{R.); kori {w.) ; tapi; 

okeoke {e. C.) ; tarahu ; topipi. 
Over, prep, Ki runga i. 
Overcome, to be, v. Mate^ taea. 
Overdone, a. Harotu. 
Overflow, v. Huri; pukea ; torena ; 

Overgrown, a. Hururua; muhu. 
Overhang, v. Taiiwharewhare. 
Overhanging, a. Peru. 
Overload, v. Whakawhiu {e. C— W.); 

whakatina {e. C). 

I Overlook, v. Tirotiro. 
Overtaken, a. Roko/ianga; roko- 

Overthrow, v. Huri ; ^ hua ^ poro- 

huri; tupoporo. 
Ought, V. Me; ka takoto te tika- 

Our, pron. To tatou; ta tatou; 

to matou; ta inatou. 
Ourselves, pron. Tatou ; matou. 
Out, adv. Waho. 
Outermost, a. JVaho rawa. 
Outside, the, s. ff'aho. 
Outward, adv. Ki waho. 
Owl, s. Koukou; ruru. 
Own, a. Jke; as, taku ake, ray 

Owner, s. Tonga ta nona te mea. 
Ox, s. Okiha. 
Oyster, s. Tio; ngakihi {w.). 

Pack up, V. Takai; kohi. 

Packet, s. Takai. 

Pad, s. fVhakapuru; paretua. 

Pad, V. Matata ; whakapuru. 

Paddle, s. Hoe; hirau {w.—R.). 

Page, s. fVharangi. 

Pain, s. Mamae. 

Pain, to be in, v. Mamae. 

Paint, V. Pani. 

Pair, s. Topu; purua {e.C). 

Palatable, a. Reka. 

Palate, s. Ngao; pikiarero. 

Pale, a. Ma; kotea. 

Paling , s. fVhana (e. C.) ; ka- 

ivawa ; wawa. 
Palm of the hand, s. Paro. 
Pant, V. Mapu; tare; puka; kiha; 

hutare {w.); whakaaeaea; wha- 

Pap, s. U. 

Papa, s. Papa; matua. 
Paper, s. Pukapuka. 
Papillae on the skin, s. Tara; 

Parch, V. Tumi. 
Pare, v. Tihore. 

Parent, s. Matua. 

Parrot, s. Kaka; kokariki (e. C. 

— W.); powhaitere. 
Part, s. Wahi; etahi; ehinu. 
Partly, adv. Ko tetahi wahi. 
Partner, s. Hoa; makau (tt.). 
Party, s. Ope; pahi. See Com- 
Pass by, v. Pahure; hori {e.C); 

taka ; pahemo ( W.) ; pahika {e. G. 

—R); tahapa {e. C). 
Pass near, v. fVani; miri; ho- 

honi (Ng.); konihi (if.). 
Pass over, (omit), v. Kape. 
— to be passed over. Hapa; 

Pass over, (cross), v. JVhiti. 
Pass through, v. Puta. 
Passage, s. Ara ; huarahi. 
Past, to be, v. Mahue; pahure; 

pahemo; hori. 
Pat, V. Pakipaki; popo. 
Patch, s. Papaki; tapir i; tapi; 

Patch, V. Papaki; tapi. 
Path, s. Ara; huarahi; huanui. 

Patient — Place. 


Patient, a. Manawanui. 

Pattern, s. Tauira : ritengu ; pu- 
ke nga. 

Pause, V. Okioki. 

Pay, r. H'hakaea; ittu. 

PajTnent, s. L'tu. 

Peace, to make, v. Ho/iou i te 

Peaceful, a. Rangatira ; rangi- 
marie ; marie. 

Peacemaker, s. h'ai hohou ro- 
ngo; takawaenga. 

Pebble, v. h'lnkirt; ko/iatu. 

Peck, I'. Timo. 

Pedigree, s. Tahu; kawai; ka- 

Peel, s. h'iri; km/m ■ t,ni<sni: fn- 
pehai peha (IK.;. 

Peel, V. Tihore ; hoic/tore; pao- 
pao ; pangunungunu. 

Peeled, to be, v. Mahore; mahi- 
knrr: lituptt ; whakatuko. 

r ( ( I ) . / . Tirotiro ; matakilaki. 

I't'-. >. I'nupon; ti'a; tirau. 

!'( It, /. Hpn. 

Penetrate, v. .iururn. 

People, .V. Hunga; tangatu. 

Perceive, v. h'ite. 

You mmy perceive; mau koe; or 
mjiori koe. 

I'crch, s. Taunga. 

Perfect, a, Tika; rite tonu. 

Perform, v. Muhi. 

Perhaps, adv. Pea. 

Perish, v. Mate. 

Permanent, a. Tuturn; tupu; ta- 

ketake: pumau; tumau; whai. 
Permit, v. Tuku. 
Perpendicular, a. Tu tonu. 
Perplexity, A. liaru; kurarurarn; 

pokeka : pn/mnn : ir/inkalnnlea : 

Persecute, v. H hakatoi. 
Persevere, v. Tohe. 
Person, s. Koro ; tahae ( W.— E. C.) ; 

t a hake {E. C). 
Person employed in anything, s. 


Perspiration, *'. liakawa; tota; 

Persuade, v. frhakawai. See Be- 
Perverse, a. Tutu. 
Pervert, v. lyhakariro. 
I Pest, s. ?ianakia ; autaia {e. C.) ; 
I laitahae. 

I Pestilence, s. Mate uruta. 
Pet, s. Puhi. 
Phlegm, s. Mare. 
Physic, s. Rongoa. 
Pick, V. Ilikohiko. 
Pick out, V. H'hiriu^hiri; kape; 

tikaro; hikaro: kowhitiwhiti ; 

komiri ; kowae. 
Piece, .V. Iraki. 
Piece, r. Honohono; tuko/tohono. 
Pierce, v. Hero. 
Pierced through, a. }igangenga- 

fige noa. 
Pig, s. Poaka; kukukuhu. 
Pigeon, .V. h'ukupa ; kereru ; kuku. 
Pigsty, s. Pa la k a ,• raihi. 
Pile up, V. Puranga. See Heap. 
Pillow, s. Cntnga. 
Pilot, s. h'ai urungi. 
Pimple, s. Iluahua; kiritoua. 
Pimples, to be covered with, v, 

Papata ; para. 
Pin, .V. Piue. 
Pincers, s. Kuku. 
Pinch, V. Pakini: kikini. 
Pit, s. Rua ; pokorua ; korota- 

ngi ; kopika ; korua. 
! Pit of the stomach, a. ff'aka o 
I te ate. 
I Pitch, s. Ware. 
i Pity, .V. Jroka. 
! Pity, V. Aroka. 
I Place, .V. //«/«'. 
Place of departed spirits, s. Po ; 

Place, /'. Pa Nga ; waiho; whaka- 

noho; whakatakotu; ufkakatu ; 

Place before, v. Tapae. 
Place one upon another, /». //'//</- 

kapapa ; wkakapipi. 


Plain— Pretty. 

Plain, s. Mania; raorao; parae; 
takora ; papatahi ; reoreo (b.). 

Plait, V. Raranga; whiri. 

Plan, s. Tatai; tikanga. 

Plank, s. Papa. 

Plant, V. Whakato; ko; tin'; po- 
kapoka; koiri {e. C); pirori 
{e. C); ono {e. C). 

Planting time, s. Koatiga. 

Play, V. Takaro; whakanene; 

Plaything, s. Pataritari; mea ta- 

Pleasant, a. Ahuareka; ataahua; 
purotii ; reka. 

Pleased, to be, v. Pat; ahuareka ; 
maha (e. C). 

Plentiful, a. Maha ; tini. See 

Plenty. Maha; tini. See Abun- 

Pliable, a. Ngohengohe (e.C); 
ngorenoa ; ngorengore. 

Pluck, V. IVhawhaki ; kowhaki; 
kato; auru; kopepe. 

Plug, s. Puru. 

Plug, IK Puru; mono. 

Plunder, v. Muru; murei ; hone; 
?igau ; pahua; roromi; takahi ; 

Pocket, s. Putea. 

Point, s. Keokeonga; koinga ; 
mata; tongi. 

Point, on the, adv. Whano. 

Point out, V. Whakaatu. 

Pointed, a. Keokeo; popo. 

Pole, s. Toko. 

Pole on which a weight is car- 
ried, s. Tauteka {e. C). 

Polish, V. fFhakakanapa. 

Pollen, s. Para. 

Pond, s, Hopua ; kopiha ; haro- 
toroto {e. C). 

Pool, s. Hopua; kopiha. 

Poor, a. Raum-kore. 

Porch, s. Whakamahau. See Ve- 

Pork, s. Poaka. 

Porpoise, s. Tupoupou ; hopuhopu ; 

waiaua ; upokohue. 
Porter, s. Kai amo ; kai pikau. 
Portion, s. Wahi. 
1 Position, s. Turanga ; takotora- 

Possess, V. fVhai; whiwhi. 
Possess power or influence, v. Ma- 

Possible, a. Taea ; ahei. 
Post, s. Pou; turupou. 
Post, middle, of houses, s. Pou- 

Pother, s. Pongere. 
Potato, s. Kapana; parareka; 

riwai; hiwai; laiawa. 
Pound, V. Paoi. 
Pour, V. Riringi; tahoro {e.C); 

ivhakangita {w). 
Pout, V. Taperu. 
Powder, v. fVhakanehu. 
Power, s. Mafia; kaha; maru. 
Praise, v. Whakapai; moemiti. 
Pray, v. Inoi. 
I Prayer, s. Inoi. 
Preach, v. Kauwhau. 
Precious, a. IJtu nui; matahiapo. 
Precipice, s. Pari. 
Precise, a. Pu; tino. 
Pregnant, to be, v. Hapu; ahua; 

Premature, a. Kokoti. 
Preparation, s. Takanga. 
Prepare, v. Taka; lakatu; tu- 

matohi {w.). 
Present, s. Hakari. 
Present in return, s. Pehipehi; 

whaka {e. C). 
Present time, up to, adv. Mohoa 

noa nei; moroki fioa nei. 
Present, v. Tapae. 
Presently, adv. Akuenei; taihoa; 

takaro; kia toka. 
Preserve, v. Rahui; rongoa; tohu. 
Press, V. Pehi; tatami. 
Press to do anything, v. Tohe; 

kakari (e. C.) ; akiaki. 
Pressure, s. Pehanga; tamingu. 
Pretty, a. Ataahua. 

Prevent — Putrify. 


Prevent, v. Arai; taupa. 

Prey, s. Parakete; parurenga. 

Price, s. itu. 

Prick, V. Oka. 

Prickly, to be, v. Ongaonga; koi- 

koi; tar alar a. 
Pride, s. Uhakapehapeha , 
Priest, s. Ariki; tohunga. 
Print, V. Ta. 
Printer, s. hai ta. 
Prison, s, IFhare herehere. 
Proceed, v, Haere. See Go. 
Productions of the earth, s. Mau. 
Profess, I', h'orero. 
Projection, .v. Mgao: puku. 
Promise, s. h'upu whakaari. 
Promontory, s. Hae ; kurae ; tumu. 

See Headland. 
Proof, *, Tohu; whakaponotanga. 
Prop, s. Tokomatiga; ueha. 
Proper, a. Tika. 
Property, s. Manga ; taouga ; rawa; 

taputapu ; ngerengere. 
Prophet, s. Poropiti. 
Propitiate, r. H'hakaporepore. 
Prosy, to be. Amiki: auttiki (JK.). 
Protect, V. Tiaki. 
Protection, .v. Tiuktmgii. 
I'roud, a. IVhakapehapcha ; wha- 

kahihi ; w/iakakake. 
Prove, V. ir/iakapuno. 
Proverb, s. Whakatauki. 
Provisions, s. h'ai; o; powhiri- 

Provoke, v. lyhakapntaritan'. 
Prow, s. Ihu. 
Prudent, a. H'hakaaro. 
Pnine, v. hokoti. 
I'salra, jr. H'aiata. 
I'shaw, int. Hi. 
Publican, s. Pupirikaua. 
Public, a. Sui, 
I'ublish, I', h'urero nui. 

Pull, V. Kukume. 
Pull about, V. Rahurahu; tango- 
tango ; makilaunu ; raukeke. 
Pull the hair, v. Tauhtitihuti ; 

Pull up, V. Huhuti', karikari; 

kowhiti; nape; ranga. 
Pull a trigger, v. Keu. 
Pull towards, as with a stick, i*. 

Rou; tirou. 
Pulled off, to be, v. Maunu. 
Pumice, s. Pungapunga; tahoata 

{E. C). 
Pungency, s. Tawau; tangeo. 
Pupil of the eye, s. ff'/iatn; 

Purchase, v. Hoko. 
Pure, a. Ma; purotu (e.C); to- 

ari («.),• piata. 
Purify, V. fVhakama ; men kia 

Purple, a. Papura. 
Purpose, V. U'hakaaro; korou; 

meu; ki. 
Purpose, to no, adv. Maumau; 

noa ; kahurangi. 
Pus, s. Pirau. 
Push, *. Reke. 
Push, V. Turaki; kopere. 
Put, V. Maka. See Place. 
Put forth, V. IJnu. 
Put in, v. h'okonio ; whawhao. 
Put on board a ship or canoe, v, 

Put out (extinguish), v. Tinei. 
Put out, as the tongue, v. Jf'ha- 

tero; whetero. 
Put together, v. Tungutungulu ; 

tutakitaki {k.C); ungutungittu 

(IK); whakawhaiti {E.G.). 
Putrid, a. Pirau; i; pihonga ; 

Putrify, V. h'ikohunga. 



Quack — Reckon. 


Quack, V. Keke. 
Quadruped, v. Kararehe. 
Quake, v. fViri ; kungoingoi; 

Quantity, s, Maha; nut. 
Quarrel, s. Whawhai; pakanga; 

whainga ; wkeinga. 
Quarrel, v. fVhawhai; tatau; 

ngangare; kakari; kaikiri; pa- 

kani; totohe; whakanehenehe ; 

whakanene; whakanihoniho {e. C); 

wekiki {w.). 
Queen, s. Kuini. 
Quench, v. Tinei. 
Question, v. Ui; patai; pakiki. 
Quick, to be, v. Awe ; hohoro ,* 

kakuma ; hauhau; hihi'ko (W.); 

kapekapetau; kautajigataiiga{w.)', 

nahau ; ngakau ; ngawarij peke- 

peke; tatanga; toitoi; tuhaua; 

whakamaroro ; whawhai {e. C.) ; 

Quicken, v, fVhakahohoro ; wha- 
kangawari; whawhai; whaka- 

Quickly, adv. Inamata {w.) ; ina- 

Quicksand, s. Powharuwharu. 

Quiet, a. Marie; rangatira; ra- 
ngimarie; ahua maimarie; wa- 
hangu; hangu; mahaki ; whe; 

Quiet, V. Whakamarie; whaka- 

Quietly, adv. Marie; maika [e.C). 
Quill, s. Hokai. 
Quite, adv. Jta; rawa ; tonu; 

tou {e. C.) ; lino ; hangehangc ; 

ke; kita {e. C); noa atu. 


Race (watercourse), s. Macro (w.). 
Radius of the arm, s. Apiti. 
Raft, s. Kahupapa. 
Rafter, s. Heke; nehe {R.). 
Rag, s. Pakaru kakahu. 
Rage, s. Riri; aritarita ; nanau 

{e.g.); whakananau {E.G.). 
Rail of a fence, s. Tangotango ; 

huahua (tk); kaho. 
Rain, s. Ua; aw ha {E.G.). 
Rainbow, s. Aniwaniwa; kahu- 

kura; ouenuku {e. G.). 
Raise, v. Hapai ; ivhakaara; pai- 

keike; riaki {W.—E. G.). 
Raise by a lever, v. Hua. 
Raised, to be, v. IVhakaikeike; 

whakamaiengi ; whakatairanga ; 

rangai; mahua. 
Rake, s. Rakuraku. 
Rank, s. Rangatiratanga. 
Ransom, s. Utu. 
Rap, v. Whiu; kuru ; papaki. 
Rash, a. Hikaka, 

Rat, s. Kiore; maungarua; ina- 

moki; riroi. 
Rather, adv. Engari; erangi. 
Rattle, V. Tatangi. 
Rave, V. Haurangi; porangi; 

Ravel, V. Whiwhi. 
Raw, a. Mata ; torouka; kaimata; 

putoto; whakarae; tonganga. 
— raw, as inside of the mouth. 

Ray, s. Hihi; toko. 
Razor, s. Heu; rama {w). 
Reach, v. Tupono ; tae. 
Reach to the bottom, v. Talu. 
Reach, to be out of, v. Aweawe. 
Read, v. Korero pukapuka. 
Ready, to be, v. Takatu. 
Reap, v. Kokoti. 
Rear, v. fVhakatupu. 
Reason, s. Take; pulake. 
Receive, v. Tango. 
Reckon, v. Tatau. 

Recollect — Retire. 


Recollect, v. Mahara. 
Recollection, s. Mahara. 
Recovered from sickness, to be, 

V. Or a. 
Recovered (got back), a. Riro 

Red, a. H'hero: kura; makura- 

kura ; paka ; pakaka ; ngangana 

(if.),- pakurakura [e.C); to- 

Red ochre, s, A'okowai; tareha; 

horu (E. C.) ; takou. 
Redeem, v. Hoko. 
Redeemer, s. h'ai hoko. 
Reed, s. h'akaho. 
Reel, s. Hukeke. See Stagger. 
Refresh, /'. trhakahuuhou. 
Refreshing, a. Hauhau: houhou. 

See Cool. 
Refuge, A-. Omanga; piringa. 
Refuse, V. Paopao; whakananati ; 

irhakapourn. See lieject. 
Regiment, s. Hapu hoia. 
Regret, i'. Maria wapa : awhitu. 
Reign, i\ h'ingi. 
Reject, V. ff'hakarere ; ufhaka- 

ki'/in : whakaahu {B.C.); whaka- 

hue; u^hakaparahako. 
Rejoice, v. /fart; koa : whaka- 

Relation, .v. trhanaunga ; hua- 

Relation by marriage, s. A'ai- 

reperepe (W.); pakuwha (e. C.) ; 

fapakuwha {e. C). 
Kelax, V. If'hakakorokoro; tu- 

Release, /'. Ttiku kia haere. 
Relic, s. Oh a. 

Relief, .v. tfliakangawarilanga. 
lU'ligion, s. harakia. 
Helish, V. Ileka ; as, lia reka ki 

a an takii kai; I relish my food. 
IJt'luctant, a. ff'/iakakumu; e kore 

e pai. 
Rely, I'. Okiuki; whakawhirinaki. 
Remain, *'. Toe. 
I'emain (stay in a place), v. Soho. 
Itcmainder, *. Uau; koha; toenga. 

Remains of food, s. Maanga; 

Remark, s. Iiupu; korero. 
Remedy, s. Rongoa. 
Remember, v. Mahara. 
Remind, v. Whakamahara, 
Remnant of an army or tribe, s, 

Morehu; toenga. 
Remorse, s. Pouri. 
Remove, v. Haere; heke; whati. 
Rent, to be, /'. Molu; pakaru ; 

Repair, v. Hanga. 

Repeat, v. ff'hakahua; paparua; 

Repent, v. Hipeneta. 
Replace, v. ff'hakahoki. 
Reply, V. fl'hakahoki kupu. 
Report, to make, v. Papa. 
Reproach, v. Tawai; taunu. 
Reprove, v. Ri'ri. 
Reptile, s. Ngarara. 
Request, v. I'i; t'noi. 
Resemble, /•. Ahiahua; ariaria 

{E. C). 
Resemblance, s. Ahua ; kahua ; 

Reserve, v. iVaiho; tuhu; ro- 
Residence , .v. h'ainga ; whore ; 

Resin, *. Kapia; ware. 
Resinous wood, .v. Kapara. 
Resist, f. irhawhai; riri. 
Resolute, a. Maro; nana. 
Respect, *. Koha; whakaaro. 
Respect, '•. Manaaki; whakaaro 

Respire, v. Ta te manawa. 
Rest, V. Okioki. 
Rest upon, v. Tatao ; okioki; tan. 
Resting-place, s. Taumata ; oki- 

okinga . 
Restless, a. Okeoke; tahurihuri; 

Restore, v. frhakahoki. 
Restrain, v. Pa pari; pehi ; korv- 

Retire, v. Hoki. 



Return — Rustle. 

Return, v. Hoki; whakahoki. 
Reveal, v. tVhakakite ; whaka- 

puaki; whaki. 
Revenge, ?». Ngaki; fakitaki; 

rapii utu. 
Revenge, s. Utu; rapunga utu. 
Reverence, s. Hopohopo. 
Revile, v. Taunu; tawai; patai. 
Reward, s. Utu. 
Rib, s. Rara; taiki. 
Rich, a. Momona ; what taonga. 
Riddle, s, Kai. See Sieve. 
Ridge, s. Kaweka ; kiwi (e. C); 

kakhvi {e. C.) ; tuatua {e. C.) ; 

tau ; taukaka {e. C). 
Ridgepole, s. Tahu {e. C.) ; ta- 

Ridicule, s. Taunu; tawai. 
Right, a. Tika; totika {E.G.). 
Rigidity of the hair, s. Puhihi- 

Righteous, a. Tika. 
Right hand, .y. Matau; katau 

(E. a). 

Rim, s. Ngutu. 

Rind, s. Hiako; kiri; tangai. 

Ring, s. Kapa; porowhita; mo- 

Ringworm, s. Muna; patito. 
Ripe, a. Maoa; pe. 
Ripple, s. Kare. 
Rise up, V. Ara; maranga; ina- 

ti'ka ; whakatika ; tutu ; maea ; 

puea ; whakatairangaranga. 
River, s. Awa. 

Road,*. Ara; huarahi; huanui. 
Roar, V. Rara ; langi. 
Roast, V. Tunu; rangirangi; pa- 

rahunuhunu (r.) ; parajigunu (r.). 
Rob, V. Tahae ; whanako ; kaia; 

Rock, s. Kowhatu ; kamaka ; toka; 

Rod, s. Whiu. 
Roe of a fish, s. Hakari. 
Roll, V. Hurihuri; kopiupiu. 
Roll along, v. Pirori. 
Rpof, s. Tuanui. 

Roof of the mouth, s. Pikiarero ; 

Roof, V. Tapatu; ato. 
Room, s. Takiwa; wa; wahi. 
Root, 6". Putake; take; pakiaka; 

paiaka {e. C.) ; wen. 
Roots, fibrous. Akaaka. 
Root, V. Ketu. 
Root up, V. Huhuti; unu. 
Rope, s. IVhakaheke ; taura ; ra- 

hiri; kaha ; hutihuti {r. — w.). 
Ropy, to be, v. Tataki. 
Rotten, a. Pirau; koko ; kuru- 

popo; inanumanu {W.). 
Rotten wood, s. Pukorukoru. 
Rough, a. Ongaonga; tar alar a. 
Rough, as the sea, a. Ngaru- 

Round, a. Porotaka; potakataka. 
Round about, ad. Awhiowhio; 

autaki {w.); takaawhe {e.C); 

taiawhio {w.). 
Row, s. Kapa; rarangi. 
Row, V. Hoe. 
Rub, V. Miri; mukumuku; kani- 

ka/ii; ukui. 
Rubbish, s. Otaota; kapurangi. 
Rudder, s. Urungi; urunga. 
Rule, s. Tikanga; totika. 
Rumbling noise, s. Haruru; ngu- 

nguru ; koko {e. C.) ; whakaru- 

Run, V. Rere ; orna ; takawhaki; 

turere; karehe (r.). 
Run away, v. Tahuti {w); ta- 

whiti {e. C). 
Run off to a point, v. Hoiki. 
Run over, v. Huri; pukea ; to- 

re/ia; purena. 
Run through, v. Komama. 
Runner, s. Kawe; kawai (e.C); 

kawei {w). 
Rupture, s. Whaturama. 
Rush, V. A mo; huaki; ranga; 

rangatahi; whakaeke; pahihi. 
Rush, a plant, s. Wiwi. 
Rust, s. Waikura; parariki. 
Rustle, V. Ngahehe. 

Sabbath — Scoop. 


Sabbath, s. Hapati; ra tapu. 
Sack, s. Peke. 
Sacrament, s. Hakarameta. 
Sacred, a. Tapu; rakui. 
Sacrifice, s. Uliakahere ; patunga 

Sad, a. Poiiri. 
Saddle, *. Nohnanga hniho. 
Safe, to be, v. Or a. 
Safety. Or a; oranga. 
Sail, A-. Ha: komaru; mamaru; 

whakawhiti (i?.). 
Sail, V. Here. 
Sail together, v, h'ariri. 
Sail aboat, i>. If'kakaterelere, 
Sail close to the wind, v. Ngo- 

Sailor, s. h'at whakatere kai- 

Saint, s. Tangata tapu. 
^ilc. v. Hoko. 

f/auare; hauHire; huare 

\hj. C.J. 

Salt, s. Tote. 

Salt, a. Mataitai. 

Salt water, s. Tai; ami tat. 

Salate, v. Hongi; tangi; oka. 

Salvation, *. Oranga. 

Same, a, Taua. 

Sanctify, v. ff'kakatapu. 

Sand, t, Onepu. 

Sandal, *. Parekereke. 

Sandbank, s. Tahuna. 

Sandfly, *. Xamu, 

Sap, jr. H'ai. 

Sapling, ». Mahuri. 

Satan, s, Ualana. 

Satifsfaction, s. Vtu ; manawareka. 

Satisfied, to be, v. Iro; tnana- 

woreka : maha {e. C.) ; na ; nga- 

ta; tatu; whakana. 
Saturday, s. Ilatarei. 
Sauce, A. h'inaki. 
Saucy, a. Tutu. 
Save, /'. irhakaara ; whakarau- I 


Saved with difficulty, a. Oranoa; 

orapito; orat'ti. 
Saviour, s. h'at whakaura. 
Savour, s. fiakara; ha; reka. 
Saw, s. h'ani. 
Sawdust, s. Ota; para. 
Sawpit, s. fVahapu kani rakau. 
Sawyer, s. hat' kani. 
Say, V. h'orero; ki; mea. Sec 

Saying, *. IVhakatauki; kupti; 

Scabbed, to be, r. Tonga ko. 
Scald, s. IFera. 
Scald a pig, v. Hunuhunu. 
Scalded, to be, v. ff^era. 
Scale, s. Inoki; una hi. 
Scapula, s. Papaahuahua. 
Scar, .V. Mawe ; nawenga. 
Scarce, to be, v. Onge; moti 

( w.—E. a). 

Scarcity, s. Onge; moti. 

Scare, r. lyhakahaehae; whaka- 

Scarecrow, /•• /f'hakahaehae. 

Scarify, u. Haehae. 

Scarlet, a. If 'hero. 

Scatter, v. Tit art tar i ; tiranga- 
ranga ; tirangorango ; hahu ; ti- 
hahuhahu; whakakorakora ; rui ; 

Scattered, to be, v. Maheu; pa- 
oar ikiriki {e. c). 

Scent, to emit, v. h'akara; tiare 
{w); haunga. 

Schism, s. ff^ehewehenga. 

Scholar, s. Jkonga. 

School, .V. h'ura. 

Science, s. Matatiranga ; mohio- 

Scissors, s, h'utikuti. 

Scoff, V. Tannu ; fairai; whaka- 
tau; pa tai {Mg.). 

Scold, V. liiri; whakunguiini'j:iiiti 
(ff.); tvhaitrau {w.). 

Scoop, V. Tikaro; koko. 


Scorch — Shake. 

Scorch, V. Rajigirangi. 

Scour, V. Horoi. 

Scrap, s, Toenga; tapahanga; 

Scrape, v. Rakuraku; wharowharo; 

tahitahi {w.) ; tiwari; waniwani 

(JF.); warmvaru; pakeke. 
Scrape out, v. Ope. 
Scrape along the surface, v. Ha- 

Scrape flax, v. Haro; hakukii; 

takiri {e. C). 
Scratch, v. Natu; rakuraku. 
Scream, v. Tangi. 
Screen, s. Hoka; hua (tf.); pa- 

hoka (tk); rianga. 
Screen, v. Aral; pa ; whakama- 

rumaru; whakaruru; ri; rohi 

Scribe, s. Kai tuhituhi. 
Scrofula, s. Puku; pukaki; ma- 

Scrub, V. Horoi; ukuikui. 
Sculk, V. Piri. 
Sea, s. Moana; tax. 
Sea-beach, .9. Tahuna; takutai. 
Sea-breeze, s. Muritai; whaka- 

rua {e. C). 
Sea coast, s. Tatahi; takutai (E.C.)j 

Sea urchin, *. Kina. 
Seal, s. Kekeno. 
Seam, s. Tuinga. 
Search for, v. Rapu; haha. See 

Season, s. JVa; po. 
Seat, s. Nohoanga. 
Seat in a boat, s. Taumanu. 
Seaweed, s. Rimu. 
Second, a. Rua; tuarua. 
Secret, a. Ngaro ; puku; toro- 

Secretly, ad. Puku. 
Secretion from the nose, s. Hupe; 

kea (e. C). 
Sediment, s. Para. 
See, V. Kite. 
Seed, s. Purapura; huri; kakano ; 


Seek, V. Rapu; kimi; rapa; hahu; 

haha {w.); auhaha ; harau. 
Seemeth, it, v. Ngia; tinga. 
Seer, s. Matakite. 
Seine, s. Kupenga. 
Seize, v. Hopu; kapo. 
Select, V. Whiriwhiri. See Pick 

Sell, V. Hoko. 

Send, V. Tono ; ngare; unga. 
Sense, s. tVhakaaro. 
Sentence, s. Kupu. 
Separate, v. Wehewehe ; momotu ; 

mawehe; kowae {W.). 
Separated, to be, v. Motuhake 

Separate contending parties, v. 

Separate, to be, v. Tatahi; taki- 

September, s. Hepetema. 
Sermon, s. Kauwhau. 
Serpent, s. Nakahi; neke. 
Servant, s. Pononga ; rahi; tu- 

mau {e. C.— W.). 
Serve, v. fVhakarato. 
Served, to be, v. Rato; tu. 
Served, not, a. Hapa; ngere. 
Service, s. Mahi. 
Set, IK Toeiie ; torengi; toremi. 
Set on fire, v. Tahutahu ; tutu. 
Settle, V. Tatu; heke; taunga. 
Seven, a. Whitu. 
Seventeen, a. Tekau ma whitu. 
Seventy, a. Whitu tekau; hoko- 

whitu (TF.). 
Sever, v. Momotu; wehewehe; 

toritori; wawae. 
Severed, a. Motu; tokari. 
Sew, V. Tuitui. 
Shade, v. Whakaruru; whaka- 

Shaded, a. Tumaru; taumaru; 

paruru {W.); pururu (Ng.); 

Shadow, s. Ata; atarangi; wai- 

I Shake, v. Ngaueue; oioi; rure- 
I ruj-e ; ngarue {e. C.) ; ngateri 

Shake— Side. 


( w.) ; whakakeukeii ; whakakori- 

kori ; whakangante: whakanga- 

ueue: whakaoioi. 
Shake off, v. H'hakangahoro. 
Shake in the wind, v. h'npekope ; 

Shake, as a garment, r. Hupe- 

riipe (jr.). 
Shake, as the ground, /'. A^«- 

ere; ngapu. 
Shake, as a hne by fish, v. To- 

Shake up, as liquid, v. H'haka- 

Shallow, a. Pakupaku; papaku; 

koruha ; la/tuna {E. C). 
Sham, (I. Hangareka; hangarau; 

marnhtga. See Deceitful. 
Sham, s. Hangarau ; hianga ; rau- 

reka: maminga. 
Shame, s. ff'hakama; ngaringa- 

ria {w). 
Shape, 8. Akua. 
Share, *. Wahi. 
Shark, *. Mango . 
Sharp, a. Koi: tiotio; aneane ; 

ngangahu ; pirata. 
Sharpen, v. Oro; w/iakakoi. 
Shave, i'. IJeu; waru. 
She, pron. la. 

Sheaf, s. Pupu; kakati; paiere. 
Shear, v. h'okoti ; waru. 
Shed, s. If'harau. 
Sheep, s. IlipL 
Sheet, .V. Uiti, 

Sheet of a sail, s. Kotokoto; waha. 
Shell, s. Pupu; kola. 
Shell, I'. Iiuwha. 
Shellfish, .V. Pupu; kota. 
Sheltered, a. Marumaru; ruru. 

See Shaded. 
Shepherd, .v. Ilepara. 
Shield, jr. Puapua. 
Shine, v. h'anapa; tiaho; whiti; 

titi ; ura ; hah ana ; kanapu (ir.) : 

towHwahi (ir). 
Shingle [ior roofing), s, Toetoe. 
Shiy>. < ft nf puke. 

\ Shiver, v. If'iri: tuhauwi'ri; tit- 

riwa taitai ; turiwetautau . 
\ Shoal, s. Kara ha : pakupaku ; pa- 
j paku; tahuna {E. C). 
Shoal of fish, s. Rara; ranga. 
Shoot, s. Tupu; kotete; ngao; 

pariri (ir); poioio. 
Shoot, middle, s. /{onto. 
Shoot (as plants), v. Tupu ; toa ; 

koiata {w.); kohura ; koropana; 

koriro; whakangao; whakaniho- 

Shoot weakly, v. Hutoitoi. 
Shoot with a gun, &c., v. Pu- 

Shore, s. I'ta. 

Shorn of branches, a. Humuhumu. 
Short, a. Poto; takupu. 
I Short time, s. Tukekau. 
Shorten, v. Hhakapoto. 
Shove, V, hokiri; tokiri {W.); 

toko; tute; uaki {e. C). 
Shovel, V. h'oko; ti'koko. 
Shoulder, s. Pakthiwi (e. C): po- 

knwhiwhi ; pokohiwi (E.C). 
Shoulder blade, .v. Papaahuahua. 
Shoud, I'. Karanga; par are ; ha- 

Show, V. H'^hakakite; whakaputa. 
Shower, s. Va: pokaka ; awha. 
Shrimp, s. Poiipoti. 
Shrivelled, a. Memenga; ngingin ; 

whewhengi ; kopuka ; kongi'o ; 

koaha {e. C.) ; putokitoki. 
Shrub, s. Hakau. 
Shut, V. I'aki; kopani; kopi. 
Shut, to be, V. Kati. 
Shy, a. Maka. 
Sick, a. Mate; turoro ; ruaki; 

Sick person, s. Turoro ; ngongo ; 

ketoketo ( iv.) ; okeoke{w.) ; maki. 
Sickle, .¥. Toronaihi. 
Sickness, s. Rewharewha ; mate ; 

Side, .V. h'aokao; taha; moka ; 

tapa (e. C); whaitua {W.); wha- 

nga; tahaki. 


Side — Smack. 

Side, on one, ad. Titaha^ maua- 

tar a. 
Sieve, s. Talari; hitari (jr.). 
Sift, V. Tatari, 
Sigh, V. Mihi; mapu; ngungtim; 

takuate (tf.). 
Sight, out of, a. Ngaro ; henumi; 

nunumi; toke (b.). 
Sign, s. To All. 
Signal, s. Tohu. 
Silent, to be, v. Karangata {e. C.) ; 

noho puku; wahangu. 
Silently, adv. Hu; puku. 
Sill, s. Pehipehi. 
Silt, s. Parakiwai. 
Sin, s, Hara. 
Since, conj. Ina. 
Since, prep. No; no muri i; i 

muri i. 
Sinew, s. Uaua. 
Sing, V. Waiata; tautapa; umere 

Sing, as water in boiling, v. Hihi, 

Singe, s. Hunuhunu. 

Single, a. Tapatahi. 

Single person, s. Marokau. 

Single woman, s. Takakau. 

Singly, ad. Takitahi. 

Sink, V. Totohu. 

Sink into the ground, v. Powha- 

ruwharu {e. C). 
Sinker, s. Make; maihea. 
Sinner, s. Tangata hara. 
Sister, of a brother, s. Tuahine. 

— of a younger sister. Tuakana. 

— of an elder sister. Teina. 
Sister in law, s. Auwahine ; tao- 

Sit, V. Noho. 
Sit around, v. Popo. 
Site, s. Paenga; papanga. 
Six, a. Ono. 

Sixteen, a. Tekau ma ono. 
Sixty, a. Ono tekau; hokoono {W.). 
Size, s. Rahi; nuL 
Skeleton, s. Koiwi. 
Skid, s. Neke; rango. 
Skilful, a. Tohnnga; matau; mo- 

hi'o; matanga. 

Skim, V. Koko; tikoko. 

Skin, s. Hiako; kiri. 

Skin, white, s. Kiritea. 

Skin, inner, s. Kiriwai. 

Skull, s. Angaanga; poangaanga. 

Sky, s. Rajigi; kikorangi. 

Slab, s. Papa. 

Slack, a. Korokoro. 

Slacken, v. Whakakorokoro ; tu- 

Slant, V. Hinga. 
Slap, V. Pakipaki; pahia. 
Slate, s. Papa. 
Slave, s. Herehere; pononga; tau- 

rekareka ; taurereka ; ropa ( w.) ; 

tumau {e. C.— W.); karokaro; 

ora ; parakau ; parau. 
Slavery, s. Parau; herehere. 
Sleep, V. Moe ; kaikaru (Ng.). 
Sleep wakefully, v. Moetiloro; 

Sleepy, to be, v. Hiamoe; momoe; 

hinamoe; parangia. 
Slime, s. Ware. 
Sling, s. Kopere; kotaha; perc. 
Slink away, v, Ninihi. 
Slip, V. Hangoro; huhu; kaheko 

{w.) ; kareko; karengo ; tapepa. 
Slip along, v. Mania; paheke ; 

pahuhu; paneke; koneke. 
Slip down, V. Panuku; tanuku. 
Slip in, V. Tapoko. 
Slippery, a. Mania; pahekeheke; 

paheno {E.G.); parengo; pauhu 

{E. a). 

Slit, V. Hori; koreparepa {w.); 

Slothful, a. Manger e; rora; pa- 

Slow, to be, V. IVhakaroa; akuto; 

porori (e. C.) ; puhoi ; taparuru 

(tf.); tiraha (e. C). 
Slowness, s. Porori. 
Sludge, s. Paru. 
Slug, s. Ngata. 
Sluggish, a. Ngoikore; mangere; 

iwikore; whakaroa. 
Smack the lips, v. Kotamutamu; 



Small — Spare. 


Small, a. Nohinohi; iti: paku 

{e. C.) ; n'ki; hakahaka ; moroiti: 

pokeke ; tiipakipaki : mahake; ma- 

kari: meromeroiti ; ivheto (e. C); 

Small as dust, a. Iionenehu, 
Smart, v. Puta. 
Smash, v, ftopehupehu; taiari; 

Smear, v. Pani. 
Smell, I'. Hongi. 
Smell unpleasantly, v. Piro : hau- 

nga; haruru ; koeo ; konnkona; 

kopurupuru: monomono ; puAo- 

Smoke, s. Paoa; an: auahi. 
Smoke, v, Paoa; ponguru ; po- 

Smooth, a. Maeneene. 
Snag, s. Taita, 
Snail, 5. Ngata. 
Snake, *. ^eke; nakahi. 
Snap, V. Motit; whali. 
Snare for birds, s. Reli; rove; 

tawhiti ; mahanga; ahere {W.). 
Snare, v. Rnre; mahanga; toro- 

Snatch, v. h'apo; hopit. 
Sneak, v. Haere toropiiku. 
Sneer, v. Taufai; taunu; whaka- 

Sneeze, v. Tihe ; mati'he (e. C.) ; 

Snore, v, Ngongoro. 
Snout, s. Ihu. 
Snow, 5. Iluka; hukarere. 
Snuffle, V. Ifhenguwheugu, 
Soaked, a. Kopiro ; tuku ki te waL 
Soap, 5. I/opi. 
*^nar, r. ff'hakatopa. 

1 1 . / //otu ; whakaholuhottt ; 

Soft, to be, V. Sgawari ; ngore- 

ngnre; ngohengohe {e. C.) ; ma- 
eneene; ngaeki ; hnrotu; kope ; 

korengarenga ; kutere ; ngaeri; 

ngorenoa ; oru ; pe ; tahoho ; 

tnkn ; inoru ; taromanoa. 
Soften, V. tFhakangawari. 

I Softly, ad. Ata ; marire. 
Soil, s. Oneone. 
Sojourn, v. Noho. 
Soldier, s. Hota. 
Sole of the foot, s. h'apukapu. 
Solid, a. Maro; pakeke. 
Solitary, to be, v. Mehameha; 

mokemoke ; ongeonge. 
Some, a. Tetahi; ehinu; toko- 

hinu; etahi. 
Son, *. Tama; tamaiti. 
Son-in-law, s. Ilunannga. 
Song, *. ff'aiata : tau; pihe ; 

Sonorous, a. Mahea; tatangi. 
Soon, ad. Meake; taro ; waive. 
Soothe, V. irhakamarie. 
Sore, a. Mamae; koipuipu; ko- 

Sore throat, s. h'atire.he {w.). 
Sorrow, «. hoingo; konohi; pouri. 
Sorrow, expression of, .v. Kete- 

kefe; ngetengete. 
Sorrowful, to be, i^. Pouri; wha- 

Sort, s. Tit; tikanga. 
Soul, .V. ff^airua. 
Sound of voices, indistinct, s. Ha- 

Sound, V. Tangi; tatangi; wha- 

katangi; pahu; paku; rara. 
Sound, the depth of water, r. 

Sound, to bo, as sleep, v. Ju. 
Sound indistinctly, i'. irnwaro. 
Sound in succession, v. Tiripapn. 
Sour, to be, v. I: kaiva; tangeo. 
Source, .v. Pukenga ; matamata ; 

matapuna; matawai {E.C.). 
South wind, .v. Tonga. 
South-east wind, .v. PutongamarO' 

South-west wind, s. Tongakotara- 

tar a. 
Sow, /'. liui. 
Space, s. Takiwa ; wa. 
Spade, .V. Puka ; hoto ; kurchu 

{E. a). 
Spare, ?•. To/iu. 


Spark — Stairs. 

Spark, s. Korakora. 

Speak, V. Ki; korero; mea ; puaki; 

lohakatu; koroki; kuika (e. C). 
Speak of past events, v. Kau- 

whaw, whakapapa. 
Speak frequently, v. Kupukupuy 

Speak loudly, v. Parare. 
Speak through the nose, v. fVha- 

Speak indistinctly, v. Hamumu. 
Speak ill of, v. Hanihani (tt.). 
Speak at departure, v. Poroporo- 

Speak in a low voice, v. Kuihi, 
Speak treacherously, v. Muna. 
Spear, s. Matia; tao; koki'ri,' 

hoata (e.C); kaukau (B.) ; tt- 

mata {e. C). 
Spear, v. fVewero. 
Speech, s. Ki; korero; reo ; taki; 

kamvhau; tataku; whakataki; 

Speed, s. Hohoro. 
Spent, to be, v, Pau; hemo; ma- 

hiti; pareho; moti; ongeonge; 

parekn ; pelo. 
Spider, s. Pungawerewere ; pu- 

Spider, venomous, s. Katipo. 
Spilled, a. Maringi. 
Spin, V, Miromiro. 
Spine, s. Iwituararo. 
Spirit, s. Wairua. 
Spit, V. Tuwha; puwha. 
Spittle, s. Uuare {E. C.) ; haware; 

Splash, V. Pati; pohutuhulu. 
Splice, V. Hono ; haumi. 
Splinter, s. Maramara. 
Split, V, a, fVawahi; lata; ti- 

tore ; toihi {e. (7.) •* koreparepa 

{w.); nakunaku [W.); toetoe; 

Split, V. n. Jkoako; koara ; ko- 

ihiihi; kotata ; matata ; mati- 

tore ; ngatata ; ngawha; po/iaha; 

Split off, V. Rehu, 

Spoil, V. JVhakakino; whakaroi- 

Sponge, s. Pungorungoru ; kopu- 

putai; hautai (e. C). 
Spongy, a. Kopuka; koputoUoi. 
Sponsor, .v. Maluaatua. 
Spoon, A\ Koko; hako. 
Spotted, a. Korotiwhatiwha ; ko- 

tiwhatiwha ; kolingotingo ; pure- 
Spouse, s. Makau. 
Spout, s. Korere. 
Sprained, a. Takoki; tanoe; ta- 

noni; taui. 
Sprawl, V. Takawhetawheta. 
Spread, v. fVhariki ; horahora; 

whewhei^a; fiorapa {e. O.) ; rau- 

roha {W.); towha. 
Spread abroad, v. Marara; ta- 

rewa; tirara ; turara. 
Spread, as fire, v. Toro ; tor a. 
Spring, V. Pihi; tupu; tipu; rea 

(E. a). 
Spring up in the mind, v. Toko 

Spring, s. Puna, 

Spring tides, s. Taitai nunui. 

Sprinkle, v. Ta; uwhiuwhi. 

Sprinkling, a. Whakaekeeke. 

Sprit, s. Titoko; takotokoto ; ko- 
to koto. 

Sprout, V. Pihi; tupu. 

Spy, s. Titei; tutei; tutai {w.). 

Squall, s. Pokaka; ropu. 

Square, a. Tapawha. 

Squeak, v. Kotokoto ; ngawi; titi. 

Squeeze, v. Rami; roromi; ta- 
tau; whakate. 

Squint, v. Keko; karapa; tiwka. 

Stab, V. Oka; wero. 

Stack, s. Whakapu. 

Staff, s. Tokotoko; turupou. 

Stage, s. Paparahi; rara. 

Stage for food, s. Whata ; ko- 
matiga; pataka; timanga. 

Stagger, v. Hirori; tapepa; tatu- 
tatu (tt,),- turorirori; hukeke. 

Stained, a. Poke; pe. 

Stairs, s. Arawhata. 

Stake — Strengthen. 


Stake, *. Poupou; tin; tirau (ir). 
Stalk, s. Kakau; to; taumtke; 

takakau; tat a {e.C). 
Stanch, v. Utu. 
Stand, V. Tu. 
Star, s. fTAetu. 
Stare, v. Hinana; wAete ; titiro 

Start, w. Oko; ohorere; hukikuki; 

titi; tumu; turere. 
Starting, s. Oho; ohorere; pore. 
Startle, v. lyhakaoho; hui; ta- 

Starve, v. IVhakatiki. 
State, V. Korero; whakataki. 
Statue, 5. tVhakapakoko, 
Stature, s. Roanga. 
Stay, s. Hokai; ueha. 
Steady, v. H^hakamauru {W.); 

Steal, V. Tahae ; whanako (e. C.) ; 

whenako; kaia {e. c); keia {W.). 
Steal upon any one, v. IVhaka- 

hengi ; whakapnpa . 
Stealthily, to go, /•. If'hakahengi; 

Steam, *. h'orohu; koromahu; ko- 

rowhanake ; viumuha ; mamaoa ; 

tokakawa ; whanake. 
Steep, to be, v. Poupou: tuhoe. 
Steer, v. Urungi; ue; runa. 
Stem, 1. Tata; tinana. 
Stench, *. Piro ; haunga ; kakara. 
Step, J. Hikui. 
Stem, 5. Kei ; paremata ; la (w.) ; 

Stew, *. Iluahua. 
Steward, .v. Tohungarua; tuari. 
Stick, s. Rakau. 
Stick, I', a. Oka; wero. 
Stick into the ground, v. Tia ; 

poupou ; tia tia ; tihoka. 
Stick, I', n. Piri. 
Stick fast, V. Tamomi; tupu; mau. 
Sticky, to be, i*. Tatnki. 
Stiff, a. Maro ; pakeke. 
Stile, *. h'oronae; whakutungangi. 
Still, a. Marie. 
Still water, s. Purolo (>K.). 

Sting, V. Kakati; wero. 

Stingy, to be, v. Jtuapo; ihu- 

puku ; kaiponu ; kaihakere (e. C); 

manawapopore ; pitokite ; towhe ; 

Stink, V. Piro; haunga. 
Stir, V. h'ororirori. 
Stir up, I'. fVhakahauhau; aki- 

Stitch, V. Tuitui. 
Stomach, s. Puku. 
Stomach of a shark, s. Koki. 
Stone, .V. Hamaka ; kohatu ; toka : 

teko ; nganga. 
Stool, 8. Turu. 
Stoop, V. Horopiko ; piko ; tuohu ; 

tapapa ; kupapa; tupoupou. 
Stop up, V. y/rai; pa. See Block 

Store, s. Toa. 
Stork, s. Matuku; kotuku. 
Storm, s. Maraiigai: pokaka. 
Stouthearted, a. Manawanui. 
Straggle, v. Marara; wawara; 

whakawawa. See Wander. 
Straight, a. Tika : totika ; ma- 

Straighten, v. U'hakatika ; wha- 

k a totika. 
Strain, v. Riaka {w.). 
Strained, as the eyes, a. Mata- 

toua (IK),* waia. 
Strange, a. Tau; ke. 
Strange tribe, s. Tauiwi, 
Strange land, s. Tauwhenua . 
Stranger, s. Tauhou ; taurewn ; 

pakeha; putere; konene; ma- 

Strangle, v. Nouoti. 
Straps by which a load is carried 

on the back, .v. h'ahaki; kawe. 
Straw, .V. Tata witi. 
Stray, v. Marara; whakawawa. 
Stream, s. Ju; ia : roma. 
Street, s. Ara ; huarahi; huanui. 
Strength, s. Kaha ; ngoi; aria ; 

koiwi {e. C.) ; ngohc; rutunga. 
Strengthen, v. IVhakakaha; wka- 



Strenuous — Swarm. 

Strenuous, a. Uaua. 

Stretch out, v. Toro ; whatoro ; 

whatmotino; whakatigeinget] wha- 

j'oro ; whatai {e. C.) ; whakamaro. 
Stretched, to be, v, Maro; rena. 
Stride, v, Hikoi. 
Strike, v, Patu; patukitukij ko- 

pehupehu {Ng.); whakaruke; ike 

(b.); paike (r.); takitahi (if.). 
Strike with the fist, v. Kuru; 

Strike out, as in swimming, v. 

String, .9. J ho; nape; tau. 
String of anything, s. Tautau. 
Strings of a mat, s. Hvkalmka. 
Strip off, V, Horehore; huhu; hui; 

okaoka {W.); tihore; piokaoka 

{w); mahihore. 
Strive, v. JVhakauaua ; whaka- 

taetae; oke; tatango ; tauwhai- 

nga ; tohe. 
Stroke, s. JVhiwiga; patunga. 
Strong, a. Kaha; miworo; ngohe- 

ngohe; pakaka : marohiroki. 
Struck, to be, *•• Tu ; whara; pa. 
Struggle, V. Oke. 
Stubborn, a. Keke; whakakeke; 

turi; tutu. 
Stumble, v. Hirori ; turorirori. 
Stump, s. Tumu; kotumu. 
Stunted, a. Hurutete; moioio ; pu- 

tokitoki {W.); putoli. 
Stupid, a. Rare; wairangi; kuare. 
Stupid person, s. Moho; kuare. 
Stupify, V. JVhakahaurangi. 
Subdued, to be, v. Waikauere ; 

Subject to, to be, v. Ekengia. 
Subside, v. Ririu {w.); tanga- 

ngao ; heke. 
Subtle, a. Tinihanga; hianga; 

m anting a. 
Subtract, v. Tango. 
Succour, V. Awhina. 
Such, pron. Per a ; pena. 
Suck, V. Momi; mote {e.C); ngote 

Sucker, s. Turuki {e. C). 

Suddenly, ad. Whakarere. 
Suffer, V. Mamae; ngaivhi (PF.). 
Sufficient, a. Ranea ; nanea ; ro- 

aka; rauaka {e. C). 
Suffocate, v. No?ioti. 
Suitable, to be, v. Tau. 
Sulky, to be, v. Pokeke ; whaka- 

tamarahi; ivhakatuanui ; turi. 
Sulphur, s. Whanariki; kupapa- 

Summer, s. Raumati. 
Summit, s. Keokeonga; teitei; 

ti/ii; toitoi. 
Sun, s. Ra ; mamaru ; komaru. 
Sunbeam, s. Hihi; toko. 
Sunday, s. Ra tapu. 
Sunrise, s. Whitinga o te ra ; 

putanga a te ra. 
Superior, a. Tino pai; pai rawa. 
Superior, higher, a. runga. 
Supple, a. Ngorengore; ngore- 

noa; ngohengohe {e. C). 
Support, s. Tokomanga; ueka; 

whakawhirinakitanga . 
Support, V. Whakau ; pupuri. 
Suppose, V. IVhakaaro; ki; mea. 
Suppurated, to be, v. Pe; tai- 
nt atuku. 
Surf, s. Huka tai; tai whati. 
Surface, s. Kahu. 
Surname, s. Ingoa. 
Surprise, express, v. Ketekete; 

ngetengete {e. 0.). 
Surprise, v. Komutu; hopu. 
Surrender, v. Tuku. 
Surround, v. Mui; ohu. 
Survivors, s. Momohanga; mo- 

Suspect, V. Tupato. 
Suspend, v. Whakawerewere ; wha- 

Suspicious, to be, v. Owhiti {e.C); 

hihira; hahae ; atea; tupato. 
Swallow, V. Horo ; tanuku. 
Swallowed up, to be, v. Whaka- 

ngamia (b.). 
Swamp, s. Hu; maata; mato {w.); 

ngaeki; oru; repo ; korepo. 
Swarm, (as bees), v. Heke. 

Swear — There. 


Kakawa; tota; toka- 

Swear, v. 
Sweat, s. 

Sweep, V. Tahi; puruma. 
Sweet, a, Reka. 
Sweeten, v. H'hakareka, 
Swell of the sea, s. .4mai; hu- 

amo {w.). 
Swell, V. Matakoma ; pupuhi; puku; j Symptom, a. Tohu. 

letere; touwha ; whakaahu. I 

Swelling, s. Ihtku; U7'uumu, 

Swift, to be, V. Hohoro; tere ; 


Swim, V. Kau; kaukau ; kauhoe. 

Swing, s. Morere; kopiuplti. 
Swoon, V. Memo. 

Sword, s, Hoari. 

Tabernacle, s. Tapenakara. 
Table, s. Paparahtia (/?.); fepara. 
Tack, V. frai/tape. 
Tail, s. t^aero: hiawero; hia- 

Tail of a fish, s. Ih'ku. 
Take, v. Tango. 
Take care o^ v. lUuigua ; tiaki. 
Take up, v. h'ohi: naunau. 
Take up by handfuls, v. j4o; 

Take up a crop, v. Hauhake, 
Talk, I', horero. 
Tall, «. Hoa ; teitei; hitawetawe. 
Tame, a. Rarata. 
Tame, v. H^'hakararatu. 
Tap, *. h'orere. 
Taste, s. Ha. 

Taste unpleasantly, v. Tawaha. 
Tattoo, .V. Holiki: moko. 
Tattoo, V. Ta. 
Teach, r. .'iko ; whakitako. 
Teachable, a. Ngawari ki te ako. 
Teacher, 5. Kai whakaako ; puke- 

Tear, .v. Hnimata. 
Tear, v. Uaehae; nguhae. 
Tear up the earth, v. Pukeri. 
Tease, v. Tawai; whakatoi; wha- 

katenetene : maminga ; aweke ; 

Temple, s. Temepara. 

Tempt, r. f/'/iakairai; w/iaka- 

nialau ; whakupakepake. 
Temptation, .v. ff'hakawainga; 

whakamatuurangtt . 
Ten, a, Tekau; ngahuru; /toko- 

tahi {W.); ngawtri {it.). 
Tender, a. Ngawari; ngohengohe. 
Tendon, .v. Uaita. 
Tent, s. Teneti, 
Termination, s. Mutunga; poro- 

nga; whakaotinga ; porotutuki- 

Terrible, a. frchi; mataku. 
Terrify, v. frhakamataku; wha- 

k a we hi. 
Terror, .v.' H'ehi; mataku. 
Testament, s. h'awenata. 
Than, conj. I. 
Thank, r. H'hakapai; whaka- 

I thank you ; Ka pai ; E tika hoki. 

That, ///'o/i. la; lena; lera; taua. 
That, (in order that), liia — ai. 
Thatch, V. Tap a la; a to; turuki. 
The, art. Te. 
Thee, pron. hoe: mat/: mou : 

nau; nou. 
Theft, s. Tahae; haia : /n'ia ; 

whanako {e. C). 

makoi; r aweke; u^hakangari ; \ Their, pron. To ratou; ta ralou. 

whangawhatiga ( »'.). 

Then, ad. lanei. 

Teasing, a. Satiakia ; porearea Then, (at that time), ad. h'o reira; 

i^K.C.)i autaia: w/nikafoi. no reira. 

Teat, #. U. I Thence, ad. I reira. 

Tell. ;*. fit: kortno ; nitta. | There, </</. lio ; kona : irim ; ra : 



na ; koina ; raina ; raka ; rara ; 

rerei (IF.); ivhakako (ft.). 
Thereby, ad. Ma reira ; hei reira ; 

ko reira. 
Therefore, co7ij. Koia ; mo reira. 
These, pj^on. Enei; anei. 
They, profi. Raton ^ ratau{E.C.). 
They two, pron. Raiia. 
Thick, a. Matotoru: rnatatengi; 

pupuru; totoka. 
Thief, s. Tahae; whanako ; kaia 

{E.a); keia {w.); tohe (r.); 

Thieve, v. Tahae; whanako. 
Thigh, s. Huwha : kuwha {e. C). 
Thin, a. Tupuhi; hauaitu; toko- 

roa; tuoi; haiiarea ; kiroki; ho- 

nia; ngongo; pakoko. 
Thin, to be, as a board, v. Ra- 

hirahi ; aiigiangi. 
Thine, pron. Tan ; tahau {e. C.) ; 

nau; nou. 
Think, v. Mea; mahara; kua; 

whakaaro ,• ki ( ir.) ; ngarahu ; 

Third, a. Tuatoru; toru. 
Thirst, s. Matewai; hiainu; wheimi 

Thirteen, a. Tekau ma toru. 
Thirty, a. Toru tekau: hokotoru 


Thither, ad. Ki reira. 

Tliis, pron. Tenei. 

Thistle, .V. Pororua; puwha. 

Those, pron. Ana; ara; ena; 

era: aua. 
Thou, pron. Koe. 
Thought, s. Mahara; whakaaro; 

ki {w.); ngarahu. 
Thousand, a. Mono. 
Thrash, v. Whiu. 
Thread, s. Miro. 
Thread worm, s. Iroiro. 
Threatening, a. Whakaweti; wha- 

Three, a. Toru; tengi; matengi 

Threshold, s. Paewai. 
Thrice, ad. Tuatoru. 

I Thrill, V. Ihiihi; koihiihi; wana- 

Throat, s. Korokoro; kaki. 
Throb, V. Kapakapa; taporepore; 

Throne, s. Torona. 
Throw, V. Maka ; panga ; akin ; 

epa; hoa; kokiri; pana; piu; 

porowhiu; tiri. 
Throw down, v. fVhakataka ; wha- 

kahoro; ruke. 
Thrust, V. Turaki; pumuka. 
Thrust in, v. Kokomo ; tihoka 

{E. a). 
Thumb, s. Koromatua. 
Thump, V. Kuru; moto. 
Thunder, s. Whatitiri; whaitiri 

{E a). 

Thursday, s. Tairei. 

Thus, ad, Penei. 

Thy, pron. Tau; tou; au; ou. 

Tickle, V. fVhakakoekoe. 

Tide, s. Tai; korihirihi (b.); 

ngaehe {r.). 
Tie, V. Here ; hotiki {e. C.) ; hou- 

were{E.C.); niko; pona; taui; 

whitiki; whawhau {w.); whitoki 

(if.),- runa: ruru^ taroi; roiroi 

{W.); hohou; putiki. 
Tie in bundles, v. Pupu. 
Tie up raupo, v. Nati. 
Tie reeds, v. Tautari. 
Tie, in a bunch, v. Tautau, 
Tiger, s. Taika. 
Tight, a. Mau; kiki. 
Tighten, v. Whakakiki; whaka- 

mau; tohapuru. 
Till, prep. Taea noatia. 
Tilt, V. fVhakatitaha ; honga{w.). 
Timber, s. Rakau. 
Time, s. JVa. 
Timid, a. fVehi ; mataku. 
Tinder, s. Whakaka. 
Tingle, v. Titi; tioro; paorooro. 
Tip, s. Matamata; koinga; keo- 

Tired, a. JSgenge; maitini; hoha. 

See Weary. 
To, prep. Ki; ko. 

Toast— Turn. 


Toast, V. Tunu. 

To-day, ad. Jianei; inaianei ; 

Toe, s. Matimati. 
Together, ad. Tahi; topiini. 
Toil, s. Mamahi; ivhakaitaua. 
Token of regard, s. Ma una i; mai- 

Tomb, s. Lntpa; rua tupapaku, 
ro-morrow, ad. Apopo; akengo- 

kengo (R^), 
Tongue, v. .-irero. 
Too, ad. Sui atu. 
Tooth, $. Niko; rei. 
Toothache, s. yihotunga. 
Top, s. Potaka. 
Top, the, s. Runga. 
Topknot, s. Reke : tiki tiki: ngoi; 

Torch, .V. Rama ,• roheruhe. 
Torment, i'. If'hakamamae. 
rom, to be, v. Tarerarera. 
ro88, V, Akiri; piu; maka. 
rotter, V, Ngaueue; oi'oi; nga- 

rue (e. C). 
Touch, V. Pa; whakapa. 
Tough, a. L'aua ; maro. 
row, V. Toto : kukume. 
Towards, prep. Ho; ki ; whaka. 
Tower, s. Tauniaihi. 
Town, s. Kainga ; taone. 
Toy, s. irkakapataritari. 
Track, s. .4ra. See Road. 
Track, v. Takitaki. 
Trade, /•. Hoko. 
I'radition, s. Tiikunga iho ; wha- 

karerenga iho. 
Trample upon, v. Takahi. 
Transient, a. Tuao. 
Translate, v, Whakamauri. 
Trap, .V. Kore. 
Trap, V Harnpiti. 
Travel, v. Haere. 
Travel through bushes, v. Muhu. 
Traveller, .v. Tangata haere. 
Treacherous, a. h'onihi. 
Tread, v. Takahi. 
Treasure, s. Taotigu. 
Tiee. a. Rukau. 

Tremble, v. H'iri; hungoingoi; 

Trial, s. ffhakamatauratiga. 
Tribe, s. Hapu ; iwi; ika ; pari; 

Trickle, v. Hoho; heke; koreto; 

toto {E. a- IK). 
Trinity, v. Tokotoru. 
Troop, s. Matua; ika. 
Trouble, to have, v, Maki; rant. 
Troublesome, a. Taitahae; autaia 

{E. C.) ; whanoke {E.C.). 
Trough, s. h'umeti; oko. 
True, a. Pono. 
Trumpet, s. Tetere. 
Trunk of a tree, .v. Tinana ; ta- 
Trust, s. Whakapouo. 
Truly, ad. Hoia ; koa ; ina ; ahua ; 

aheiha (Mg.); aiiakoia (IK.). 
Truth, s. Pono: punonga (IK.). 
Try, /'. ff'hakamatau; take, 
Tuesday, s. Turei. 
Tuft, s. Ptirekireki; purepure: 

pureirei (IK.). 
Tumble, v. Ilingu ; taka. 
Tumour, s. Puku. 
Tumult, s. Sganga; ngangare. 
Tune, s. Rangi. 
Turkey, a. Pipipi. 
Turn, .¥. Xoni; piko; kokeke. 
Turn, /'. Tahuri; wairori; huri; 

kohure; papare. 
Turn about, v. h'opikopiko ; tin- 

till; neinei; paihore {e. C.) ; ta- 

tau ; rara {?:. a). 
Turn adrift, v. irhakatere. 
Turn aside, v. Ilipa ( jk) ; pahika 

{r.—E.C); peau; tohipa; wha- 

kahipa {W.). 
Turn away from, r. ffhakani- 

Turn back, v, H'hakahoki. 
Turn inside out, v. Uurihnaro. 
Turn one way, v. Jrotahi. 
Turn round, /*.//. Amiomio ; arnhi- 

rohi; koumuumu; potaitaka; ta- 

Turn towards, r. . tro ; aronui. 


Turn— Uvula. 

Turn upside down, v. Hiiripoki. 
Turnip, s. Keha^ horuhoru; ko- 

rau {w.—E.C); nani. 
Tusk, s. Rei; iiiho. 
Twelve, a. Tekau ma ma. 
Twenty, a. Rua tekau ; hokorua. 
Twice, ad. Tuarua. 
Twilight, a. Rikoriko. 

Twin, s. Mahanga. 

Twine, s. Aho. 

Twinkle, v. Kotamutamu. 

Twirl, V. Hurihuri. 

Twist, V, Mirotniro ; karure. 

Twitch, V. Takiri. 

Two, a. Rua; rie (Ji.); rienga (E.). 

Two, by, ad. Takirua; purua. 



Udder, s. U, 

Ugly, a. j4hua kino. 

Ulcerated, a. Komaoa; kikoku- 

mbilical chord, s. Ta/tgaengae; 

pito; uho (e.g.). 
Umbrella, s. Marara. 
Uncle, s. Malua keke. 
Uncooked, a. Mata; kaimata; 

torouka (e. C.) ', tonganga ; ivheo ; 

whakarae {e. C). 
Uncover, v. Hura. 
Uncover by scraping away the earth, 

V. Huke. 
Under, prep. Raro. 
Underdone, a. Kanewha. See 

Underneath, prep. I raro i; kei 

raro i; ki raro i. 
Understand, v. Matau; mohio» 
Understanding, a. Matau ; mohio ; 

Undone, a. Matara; paheno. 
Unfruitful, to be, v. Tatakau ; 

hua kore. 
Unintelligible, a. Ngaro. 
Unite, V. fVhakakotahi. 
Unity, s. Kotahitanga. 
Unjust, a. He. 
Unless, conj. Ki te kore. 
Unpaid, a. Tarewa. 
Unperceived, ad. Toropuku ; puku. 
Unpleasant to the taste, a. Kawa. 
Unravel, p. Wewete; whakama- 

Unrighteous, a. Hara; kino; he. 

Unripe, a. loio. 

Unseasoned, as timber, a. Torouka. 

Unsettled, a. Tarewa; kahuira- 

ngi; tirangi; taurewa {e. C.) ; 

tingei {e. G.) ; tirengi {Ng.) ; ti- 

tengi (^W); tuarangaranga (JK); 

Unsteady, to be, v. Titaka ; tau- 

taka; paihore ke {E. C). 
Unsuccessful in iishing, a. Mu- 

hore; puhore. 
Untie, V. H^ewete. 
Untied, to be, v. Mawete; ma- 

weto; kareto ; maheno {li.); ma- 

koivha ; matara (e. a). 
Until, prep. Taea noatia. 
Unto, prep. Ki. 
Untouched, a. Tikitu; toitu; urU' 

Untwisted, to be, v. Matara {e. C). 
Up, ad. Ki runga. 
Up, to be, V, Maea; morunga; 

Up to, prep. To. 
Upon, prep. Ki runga ki. 
Upper part, s. Upoko ; runga. 
Uppermost, the, a. To runga rawa. 
Upright, a. Tu tonu. 
Upset, to be, v. Tahuri. 
Upward, ad. Ake; whakarunga. 
Urge, V. Akiaki (E.G.); tene ; 

whakakoro; tohe. 
Urine, s. Mimi. 
Us, pron. Tatou; matou. 
Us two, pron. Taua; maua. 
Uvula, s. Tohelohe ; rniramira ( W.). 

Vacant — Warn. 


Vacant, a, ^tea; watea ; takuto 

Vain, in, ad. Maumau; noa. 
Valley, s. Awaawa; kakaritanga; 

hapua (»'.); marua; wAarua ; 

mato {w.); taiororua; tawhati 

Value, s. Utu. 

Vapour, s. Mamaoa ; korowhanake. 

See Steam. 
Variable, to be, v. Haurokuroku 

{W); puta ke. 
Variegated, a. Kolingotingo. See 

Veil, s. h'opare. 
Vein, s. I'aua. 
Verandah, s. It'hakatiinhan; ma- 

hau; koihi; rueke; kaura/igi {w.); 

kangalungatu (a\ 
Verse, s. Rarangi. 
Vertebra, s. Iwi tuararo. 
Very, ad. h'i; tino. 
Vessel, 8. Oko. 
Vestige, s. l>ri. 
Vexation, s. ff'hakatakariri ; wha- 

karikarika : inati. 
Vexed, to be, v. f/'kakafakariri: 

karangirangi; finia ; honohonoa 

{E. a). 
Vibrate, v. Piupiu; ngaten, 
Viee, s. Kino : ke. 
Victual, s. hat. 
Vie, V. Take; lautohetohe. 
View, s. Tirokanga. 
Vigilant, a. Tupato ; ma/aara. 
Vigorous, to be, r. h'aka; malo- 

malo ; tuperepere. 
Vile, a. Kino; weriweri. 
Village, s. Kainga; pa. 
Vine, s. H'aina. 
Vineyard, s. Mara ivaina. 
Violent, a. Pakaha ; taikaha; tn- 

anui (»F.); tuperepere. 
Virtue, s. Pai. 
Viscid, to be, v. Tataki. 
Vision, s. Kitenga. 
Visit, V. Toro ; nokonoho. 
Visitor, *. Manuhiri. 
Voice, s. Heo; waha. 
Voice, supernatural, s. Irirangi. 
Void, a. .Ilea; kautakanga. 
Volcano, s. Puia. 
Vomit, V, Rnaki. 
Voyage, s. Rerenga. 


Wade, V, Kau, 

Wages, 8. Utu. 

Wail, V. Jue; langi. 

Waist, 8. Nope. 

Wait, V. Tatari; whanga; wha- 
kananawc : wkakaririka. 

Wakeful, a. .tra; mataara; ma- 
tat u. 

Walk, V. Haere. 

Walking-stick, v. Tokotoko; tu- 

Wall, s. Pakitara; patu; tara 
(E C). 

Wallow, *'. Titakataka; oke. 

Wander, *•. Marara; aliutiu; kae- 
wa ; kukeiva ; konewha ; kurara ; 

koroiroi (E.G.); whakaroiroi; 
wawa ; wawara. 

Wandering, as a dream, a. Tu- 
tor o. 

Wane, v. Riko. 
i Want, s. Onge. 

War, s. Pakanga ; wkawhai; whai- 

Ward off, v. Pupa re; kakuro. 

Warm, to be, /'. Mahana; wera; 
puwera; ahuru. 

Warm oneself, v. Inaina : paina ; 

Warmth, .v. H'erairera; makaua ; 

I pumahu. 

i Warn, v. H'kakatupalu. 


Warp — Whole. 

Warp, s. IFhenu, 

Wash, V. Horoi. 

Waste, /'. Maumau. 

Wasted, a. Maumau. 

Wasted away, to be, v. Koeo; 

kohi; kohiakiko; ngongo ; honia. 
Watch, V. Mataara ,• hiwa. 
Water, s. Wai; honu; katao (22.),- 

mote {W.); ngongi {w.). 
Water, as the mouth, v. Mowai. 
Water, v. ff'hakamukuku. 
Water, as the eyes, v. Toriwai; 

toivawahi {W.). 
Watercourse, s. Macro. 
Waterfall, s. Here; taheke. 
Watertight, to be, v. Maru ,• pihi. 
Wave, s. Ngaru. 
Wave, small, s. Papata {r.). 
Wave, V. Piupiu; rutu. 
W&y, s. j4ru; huarahi ; huanui. 
We, pron, Talou ; matou; tutau 

{e.g.); matau (E.C). 
We two, pron. Taua ; maua. 
Weak, to be, v. Ngoikore; mi- 

kore; anewa {W.). 
Weaken, /'. IVhakaruhiruhi. 
Wealth, s. Taonga. 
Weapon, .v. Palu; ringaringa: 

Wearisome, a. H-"' ha k a ho ha. 
Weary, to be, v. Hoha; ngenge; 

inarohirohi; rore : mauiui; ro- 

ivhea (Ng.); ruwha ; waea ; 

Weather, s. Rangi. 
Weave, v. fVhatu; nape (b.). 
W^ed, V. Marena. 
Wedding, s. Marena tanga; ta- 

Wedge. Makahi; mataora; ora 

{E. a). 

Wednesday, s. fVenerei. 

Weeds, s. Otaota: taru. 

Week, s. Wiki. 

Weep, V. Tangi. 

Weigh down, v. JVhakataimuka. 

Weight, s. Taimahii : taumaho : 

toimaha ; tami. 
Well, a. Ora. 

Well, s. Poka wai. 

West wind, s. Hauauru; hau- 

arahi; kapekape {e. C). 
Wet, a. Maku; rari; makengo. 
Whale, s. Tohora ; pakake {e. C.) ; 

tohoraha (r) ; paraoa. 
Whalebone, s. Paraoa. 
What, proji. Aha. 
What, ifit. Are; ha. 
Wheat, s. JViti. 
Wheel, s. Porowhita. 
When, ad. Ana; ina ; no; i. 
When, interrogative, ad. Ahea ; 

inahea ; nonahea ; tainawhea 

{e. a). 

Whence, ad. Nohea; ihea. 
Where, ad. Jiiohea ; keihea ; tea 

(R.) ; tehea (/?.). 
Whereas, con/. Notemea. 
Whereat, ad. Noreira ; moreira. 
Whereby, ad. Mareira. 
Wherefore, conj. Koia ; moreira. 
Whereupon, ad. Na; noreira; i 

Wherewithal, ad. Ma te aha. 
Whether, cofif. Ahnkoa; ranei; 

raina {e. C). 
Which, pron. Tehea; ehea. 
While, ad. Kei; keiwha. 
Whine, v. Uene. 
Whip, V. fVhiu. 
Whip, s. Ta; whiu. 
Whipping-top, s. Kaihotaka. 
Whirl, V. Tawhiri; tawhiuwhiu; 

kowhiri ; karawhiu ; koumuumu ; 

Whirlpool, s. Riporipo; kororipo. 
Whirlwind, s. Awhiowhio. 
Whisk, V. Powhiriwhiri. 
Whisper, v. Kowhetewhete ; ko- 

Whistle, V. Korowhili; whio. 
White, a. Ma. 

White clay, .v. Vkui: uku {e. C. 
\ -W.\ 

\ Whither, ad. Ko hea ; ki heu. 
Whizz, V. Mapu. 
I Who, pron. JVai. 
I Whole, a. Katoa. 

^Tiose — Wrong. 


WTiose, pron, Na wat; no wai. 
Why, ad. He aha; na te aha. 
Wicked, a. Kino; hara. 
Wide, a. H^hanui ; wharahi. 
Widow, s, Pouaru; takahore. 
Widower, s. Pouaru; takahore. 
Width, s. Whanui; wharahi. 
Wife, s. IVahine: hoa. 
Wild, a. Maka. 
Wilderness, s. h'oraha. 
Will, s. Hiahia: pai. 
Wind, s. Hau; miiri; kohengi- 

hengi^W); kotengitengi ; mata- 

ngi (JK.). 
Wind ahead, .v. Uautumu. 
Wind, \\ Pokai; takatakai. 
Wind about, ik h'okeke; kopiko- 

Winding, a. ^whiowhio; taiawhio. 
W^indow, s. Matapihi; kotopihi; 

Wing, .V. Parirau; pakau; pa- 

kaukau; paihau {e. C). 
W^ing of an army, s. Kauae. 
Wink, V. h'amokamo. 
Winnow, v. Kowhiuwhiu. 
Winter, s, Hotoke ; hutoke {E. C.) ; 

Wipe, V. Muku; ukui; muni. 
Wisdom, *. Matauranga; mohio- 

Wise, a. Matau; mohio; mala- 

Wish, V. Hiahia ; amene ; mina- 

mina. See Desire. 
Witch, s. H'ahine makulu. 
Witchcraft, s. Makulu; whaiwhaia 

{E. C); taurarua. 
With, prep, h'ei; me; i. 
Wither, v. Memenge; pohei ngi- 

ngio; ngongohe ; paroparo, 
Witlihold, V. Meko; kaiponu. 
Within, prep. Hei roto i; i roto i. 
Within a little, ad. Mekari; me- 

Without, ad. U'ahn. 
Witness, s. h'ai whakapono. 
Woman, .v. ff'ahine. 

Woman, old, s. Kuia; ruruhi; 

ngoingoi; ruwahine; kui; ha- 

kui {e. C.) ; hupeke (r.). 
Womb, s. hopu. 
Wonder, v. Miharo; miha ; mihi 

(e.g.); maharo {w.) ; monoa 

(e.g.); umere. 
Wonderful, v. H'hakamiharo. 
Woo, *'. .-iruaru; whai. 
Wood, s. Ngahere; tawhao; ne- 

henehe (JT.); weku (i?.). 
Wood (timber), s. Rakau. 
Wood, isolated, s. Molu rakau : 

kari {w). 
Wood, half burnt, s. Mounga; 

molumolu ( w.) ; momotu {e. C.) ; 

ngotungotu ( w) ; ngoungou ( W.). 
Wood coal, .V. h'apoai. 
Woof, s. ^hu. 
Wool, s. Huruhuru. 
Word, 5. Hupu; korero. 
Work, s. Hanga ; mahi. 
World, s. Ao. 
Worm , s. Take ; noke {E. C.) ; 

ngunu (a). 
Worn out, n. Petapeta ; ongconge; 

ngawhewhe ; ngawhingawhi. 
Worse, a. Nui atu te kino 
Worship, r. h'arakia. 
Worthy, a. Pai. 
Wound, *. Tung a. 
Wrap up, V. Takai. 
Wrath, s. Riri; aritarita. 
Wreath, s. Pare; kopare. 
Wrecked, a. Paea ; pakaru. 
Wrench, v. Tango. 
Wrest, as words, v. fVhakariro. 
Wrestle, v. Whakataetae ; nonoke. 
Wriggle, V. Koriknri; lilukataka ; 

keukeu {e. C.) ; tautaka ; tureti- 

reti {}V.). 
Wring, V. ff'hakawiri. 
Wrinkle, s. Knrukoru {w). 
Wrinkled, to be, v. Rehe {e. C). 
Write, V. Tuhituhi. 
Writhe, V. Kapekapeta ; okeoke. 
Wrong, a. He. 



Yam— -Zigzag. 

Yam, s. Uwhikaho. 

Yawn, V, Kohera. 

Ye, pron. Koutou. 

Ye two, pron. Korua. 

Yea, ad. ^e ; koi'a. 

Year, s, Tau. 

Yellow, a. Pungapunga. 

Yelp, V. Tau. 

Yes, ad. Ae ; ina ; koia ; ana ( w.). 

Yesterday, ad. Inanahi; nona- 

fiahi; tainahi. 
Yesternight, ad. Inapo; nonapo. 
Yet, conj. Ano. 
Yield, V. Ngaeki; ngaeri; oru; 


Yield, let go, v. Tuku. 
Yonder, ad. Na; ki ko. 
You, pron. Koutou. 
You two, pron. Korua. 
Young, a. Kuao ; punua. 
Young of birds, s. Hukari; pi. 
Younger relative, s. Muring a; 

teina ; taina (e. C). 
Youngest child, *. Whakaotinga; 


Your, pron. Ta koutou; to kou- 
tou; ta korua; to korua. 
Youth, s. Taitamariki; maitiiti 


Zeal, s, Tohe; uaua. 

Zigzag, a. Kopikopiko. 






•i. ■ 

Where do you come from? . . No hea koe? 

When did you come? .... Nonahea koe i haere mai ai? 

What are you come for? . . . He aha koe i haere mai ai? 

Are you married? He wahiiie tau? 

Have you any children? ... He tamariki au? 

Is this your child? Nau tenei tamaiti? 

Have you been baptized? . . . Ka oti koe t« iriiri? 

Who is your Missionary? . . . Ko wai to Mihanere? 

-. , 1 . J* iK matau ana ranei koe ki te ko- 

Do you know how to read: . . J ^^^^ puUapuka? 

Do you understand how to write? E matau ana koe ki te tuliituhi? 

Have you never been to bchool ? Kahoru ano koe i tae ki te kura ? 

Tx ^ ,.,j J. \. ^^ iKahore o tamariki e haere ki to 

Do not your children go to school ? j i^ > 

Send them, Mau e touo ki reira. 

Is there no school in your village? Kahore he kura i to kainga? 

TV , 1 ^ i iE matau ana koe ki te tui ka- 

Do you know how to sew? • • j u u > 

Mend this hole, Tuia te kore nei. 


What a dirty child you are, . . Katahi te tamaiti paru ko koe. 

If you desire to come here, you Ka hiahia koe ki te haere mai 

must be dressed in clean clo- ki konci, kia kakahuria he ka- 

thes, kahu ma. 

i allow no person to come inside Ekore e tukua e au te taugiitu ka- 

the house clothed in a blanket, kahu i te paraikete ki roto ki 

you must sit outside, te whare, me uoho koe ki waho. 

Wash your clothes, Horoia o kakahu. 


Here is some soap, Tenei he hopi. 

It is better to buy soap and not Engari me hoko he hopi kaua he 

tobacco, tupeka. 

Throw away your pipe, . . . Maka atu to paipa. 

It is a bad habit, He ritenga kino. 

I am ashamed to see a woman Katahi taku mea whakama ko te 

smoke, wahine kia kai paipa. 


Have you a Testament? ... He Kawenata tau? 

Read with me, Taua ka korero pukapuka. 

You ^-iU tell me if I read wrong, 1^' *^ ^'^ *^''" y°'''''"> P-^kapuka 

° r mau e ki mai. 

AVhat is the meaning of that word ? He aha te tikanga o tena kupu? 
I do not understand what you say, Kahore an e matau ki to korero. 

Repeat it again, Whakahuatia mai ano. 

Speak slowly-you speak too fast, jKia^ato^korero-hohoro tonu to 

Let us reaa verse by verse, . . i^'f Wkohiko ta taua korero mau 

f tetahi rarangi maku tetahi. 
Do you understand the meaning E matau ana ranei koe ki te ti- 

of this? kanga o tenei. 

When do you go back to your Ko ahea koe hoki ai ki to kai- 

village? nga? 

Come and see me again before Hoki mai ano kia kite i ahau 
you go, keiwha haere koe. 

Come often, Kia bono te hoki mai. 

You must teach me, .... Mau ahau e ako. 

lE mea ana au kia ako i te reo 

I w^ant to learn maori, 


Do you want to work? . . . E pai ana koe ki te mahi ? 

Tk 1 u X J? i (E matau ana koe ki te hanga 

Do you know how to lencer • { ^ • > 
•^ / taiepa: 

Fence this piece of ground, . . Taiepatia tenei wahi. 
Let it be firm, lest the cattle i-.^. i • i i 

break 't ( ^' pakarua e nga kau. 

You must not be idle, .... Kei mangere koe. 

You must work from sunrise to Me mahi koe no te putanga o te 

sunset, ra, a po noa. 

You must bring your own food, Mauria mai he kai mau. 

I shall pay vou when vour workj^A ^ i • ^ ^ i.- 

1 " ' "■ >Ka utua koe ina mutu to mam. 

IS done, j 

You must dig up all this, . . Keria katoatia tenei wahi. 

Do not leave the roots of the fern Kei waiho nga roi ki raro ki te 

in the ground, whenua. 


Gather them and bum them, . Me kohikohi ka tahu ai. 

Hoe this piece of land, . . . Haua tenei wahi ki te kaheru. 

Break the lumps of earth, 
Do not break my hoe, . . 
Bring it back to me when 

have finished. 
Where is my spade? 
I will lend it to you, . 
Have you not an axe? 
Cut down this three, 
Chop some firewood. 
Sow this seed, 

. Patupatua nga keretu. 

. Kei whati taku kaheru. 

you Whakahokia mai ki ahau ina oti 

te mahi. 

. Kei hea taku puka? 

. Ka tukua e au ki a koe. 

. Kahore o titaha? 

. Tuakina tenei rakau. 

. Tatakia he wahie. 

. Ruia tenei purapura. 

X V i. 1. » J I Me whai takiwa nga moa i le- 

Leave a space between each bed, j ^^^j ^^^ . ^^^^^^^_ 

Dig a trench, Keria he waikeri. 

Widen the ditch there, . . . ''^^hakanuia te whanui o te wai 

keri na. 

Plant this tree, Wliakatokia tenei rakau. 

Carry some earth to this part, . Kawea he oneone ki tenei wahi. 


Will you go and be my compa- I ^^^ ^ \^^^^^ ^^. ^^^ ^^^^^ 

nion (on the road): ) 

You must carry these things, . Man e pikau enei mea. 

Do you know the road? . . . E matau ana koe ki te ara? 

Is it a good road? E pai ana te ara? 

Is it by the coast or inland ? . Kei te akau te ara kei uta ranei ? 

Are there many swamps? ... He maha ranei nga repo? 

Is there much forest? . . . .He roa koia te ngahere? 

ou 11 ii J -L i.1. • i (Tera koia e rokohina he waka ki 

bhall we find a canoe at the nver? | . ^ 

f te awa: 

Will you take me across?. . . Man pea ahau e whakawhiti? 

Is the river deep? Ka hohonu te awa? 

Is the wind fair? E tika ana te hau? 

Take down the sail, Turakina te ra. 

Bow the canoe, Hoea te waka. 

Pull away, Kia kaha te hoe. 

It will rain presently, .... Meake ua. 

Will it rain? Tera ranei e ua te rangi? 

Take care lest the things get wet, Kei maku nga mea. 

Pitch the tent, Whakaturia te teneti. 

^fake the pegs fast, Kia u nga tia. 

Light a fire, Tahuna he kapura. 

Fetch more firewood, .... Tikina atu hoki he wahie. 

Go and fetch some water, . . . Haere kawea ho wai. 

Put water on the fire for tea, . Maka he wai ki te ahi mo te ti. 

Cook our potatoes in a native oven, Mo tao a tatou kapana ki te umu. 

Call me at day-break, .... Whakaarahia ahau i te atatu. 




Strike the tent, Turakina te teneti. 

Take it to the back of the house. Taria atu ki tua o te whare. 

Pack up the bundles, .... Takaia nga pikau. 

Mind that nothing is left, . . . Kei mahue etahi o nga mea. 

Let us travel quickly, .... Kia hohoro ta tatou haere. 

Roast the potatoes, the oven takes Tunua nga kapana, he roa rawa 

too long a time, te umu. 

Is not the food cooked yet? . . Kahore ano i maoa noa te kai? 


Are you sick ? 

What is the matter with you? . 
Where is your pain? . . . . 
How long have you been ill? 
Have you had any medicine ? 
Did the medicine do any good? 
Put out your tongue, . . . . 
Is your throat sore? . . . . 
Have you not a cough? . . . 
Is your chest sore when you cough ? 

Do you perspire much in the night? 

Do you feel pain when I press 
this part? 

Have you been sick? . . . . 

How long has that tumour been 

What food have you eaten? . . 

Take this medicine in the morn- 
ing and in the evening. 

Take it morning, noon, and night. 

Take some of this when the cough 

is bad. 
Rub this ointment on the part 

every night. 
Rub some of this on the eyelids 

every night, — let it be a very 

Wash your eyes several times a-day 

with cold water — with warm 

Do not walk about till you are 

Do not lie continually in the house, 

but when the sun shines come 

outside and walk about, 
Do not smoke, 

E mate ana koe? 

He aha to mate? 

Kei hea to maemae? 

Ka pehea te roa o to mate? 

Kahore ano koe i kai rongoa? 

I pai ranei te rongoa? 

Kia whatero to arero. 

E mamae ana to korokoro? 

Kahore he mare? 

Ka mamae to uma ina mare koe. 

Ka puta te kakawa i to kiri i 

te po? 
Ka pehia e au te wahi nei ka 

mainae koe? 
I ruaki koe? 

JNonahea te puku na? 

He aha te kai i kainga e koe? 
Kainga te rongoa nei i te ata, i 

te ahiahi. 
Kainga i te ata, i te tino awa- 

tea, i te ahiahi. 
Ka tohe te mare ka kainga te- 

tahi wahi o tenei. 
Pania te wahi na ki te hinu nei 

i tenei po i tenei po. 
Pania tetahi wahi o tenei ki nga 

kanohi i tenei po i tenei po, 

kia iti noa. 
Kia taki mahanga horoinga o nga 

kanohi i te ra tahi ki te wai 

matao — ki te wai werawera. 
Kaua koe e haereere, kia matutu 

ra ano to mate. 
Kaua e takoto tonu i roto i te 

whare, otiia ka whiti te ra kia 

puta mai ki waho haereere ai. 
Aua e kai tupeka. 



Is he better: Ka ata haere toua mate? 

Is the pain less? Ka iti haere te mamae? 

Did you take all the medicine ? Kua pau katoa te rongoa ? 

Did the medicine pain you? . . I mamae koe i te rongoa? 

Do you cough less? Ka iti haere to mare? 

Can you sleep at night ? . . . Ka moe koe i te po ? 

^ , , T 4. -A Hoki mai koe ki a au i te ata, 

Come early to me — I cannot waitj , , . • x i. 

. , •' 1, J < ekore au e noho tonu i te whare 

at home all day, i • ^ 

•" f 1 te roa o te ra. 

Is your child sick? E mate ana to tamaiti? 

You must wash it all over in warm Me horoi tona tinana katoa ki te 

water every day, wai wera i tenci ra i tenci ra. 

If it be washed it will be soon well, Mehemea ka horoia meake ora. 

Does it suck still? E kai tonu ana i te u? 

Do not feed it with the bad food, Kaua e whangainga ki te kai kino. 

T, . ;. x^ ^„ „„«;„ +« ^ iWhakahokia mai e koe ki ahau 

i>nDg it to me again to morrow, { 

^ f apopo. 

Farewell, Hei konei ra. 






Rerun, to d«k from which borrowed. 

FEB 25 1948 




AUG 7 195|7