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Full text of "A dictionary of the Norman or Old French language; collected from such acts of Parliament, Parliament rolls, journals, acts of state, records, law books, antient historians, and manuscripts as related to this nation. To which are added the laws of William, the Conqueror, with notes and references"

"StS* 



GIFT OF 

SEELET W. MUDD 

and 

GEORGE I. COCHRAN MEYER ELSASSER 

DR.JOHNR. HAYNES WILLIAM L. HON NOLO 

JAMES R. MARTIN MRS. JOSEPH F. SARTOR! 

to tin 

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA 

SOUTHERN BRANCH 





AT 

iOS AKGELES 

iiJBRARY 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2007 with funding from 

IVIicrosoft Corporation 



http://www.archive.org/details/dictionaryofnormOOkelhiala 




DICTIONARY 

OF T H E 

Norman or Old French Language; 

COLLECTED FROM SUCH 

ACTS OF PARLIAMENT, RECORDS. 

PARLIAMENT P-OLLS, LAW BOOKS, 

JOURNALS, ANTIFNT HISTORIANS, 

ACTS OF STATE, AND MANUSCRIPTS, 

AS RELATE TO THIS NATION. 

CALCULATED 

To illuftrate the Rights and Cuftoms of former Ages, the Forms of 
Laws and Jurifprudence, the Names of Dignities and Offices, 
of Perfons and Places ; and to render the Reading of thofe Re- 
cords, B(X)ks, and Manuibripts, which are written in that Lan- 
guage, more eafy ; as well ab to reftore the true Set.fe and Mean- * 
ing of many Words, hitherto deemed quite obfcure or mii- _ ■' 
tranilated. 

TOWHICHARE ADDED 

The laws 

O P 

WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR, 

WITH NOTES AND REFERENCES. 

By ROBERT K E L H A M, 

OF LINCOLNS-INN. 

Muh* ignoramus qua n:n lafercnt, Ji vtterum LeH'ta r.cbh (fftt faotUtaris. 

Macrobjc's. 

LONDON: 

Printed for EDWARD BROOKE, 

Succeffor to Mefl". W O R R A L L and T O V E Y, 

in Bell-Yard, near TEMPLii-BAR. 

MDCCLXXIX. 

5 1 '\ ■' 



c^y 



^ 






PREFACE 

TO THE 

DICTIONARY. 



SO many Statutes, A<^s of State, Records, Law 
Books, and MSS. are extant in the Norman and 
old French Language, that a Didionary is become 
neceflary to enable the Reader to underftand fuch 
difficult Words as occur therein in that Language ; 
whether fuch Difficulty ariles from the Words being 
merely idiomatical, or from the Inorthography of 
them. 
, There is indeed a Book called the Law French 
^ Didlionary ; but it is fo trifling a Performance, and fo 
c: incorred:, that it greatly mifleads the Reader, as will 
evidently appear to any one who will compare leveral 
■ii; of the Words in that Dictionary ^ with their Origi- 

00 

p^ * As Oepta% — Nor. Nar. 6. b.— until the Octaves — tranflated 

they have •luz/Zvc/. 
Deins — ibid — 1 1. b, — Teeth— /Z-f Eyes, 
Un lotigaji/if — No. Nar. 16. a. b. — a Houfe of Office, a Jakes— 

a Sheep ii'alk. 
Perejhys — Nov. Nar. 17. a. b. — by Turns — the Agreement or Cove- 

nant. 
Dr/yra — Nov. Nar. 47. b, — Xoxtr—took a'.vay, /polled, 
Gefta — Ibid. — carried away — put, cajl 'uu 

Ent grand pr en — 2. In. 50& — great Proiit therefrom— //2^rf^/ fear, 
Rrints — Brit. 49, a. — fined — re/Is, remains, 
Ram'ts — ibid. 66. a. — rtplaceJ, fixed on again— /r?;vj. 
Reyi—'ihid. 85. a. — Kings — Faults, 

^HteJJ'aunt — ibid. 242. a. — Tacitly, by being f'lent — in '•xntncjpng. 
^uppietions — Preamble, Stat. Glou. 2 In. 277. — Helps, Amendments 

TfrPetl^ior:, 

a 2 nah 



iv PREFACETO 

nals in the Authors from whence they are taken. 
Mr. Hughes (whofe Merit in tranflating (o anticnt an 
Author, as the Mirroir, was not inconfiderable) has 
yet frequently miftaken the Senfe of the Text, as I 
prefume will be manifefl from the Pafiages here cited ^ 



* Iwiergoigne—'ip. 4— to the Reproach — tranflated in conJcmnalion, 

Fijjind les virna — 1 3 — make their Views — make their Vtjhti. 

La Nrtce., U Ante le Hcire, U Rqy—iz — the Niece being the Heir of 

the King — the Nurfe, the Aunt, Heir to the King. 
Tacbe de lour arte — 23 — infected with their Art — taken 'iuith their 

Art, 
En voiles Chautes ct gargaus dr Oi/caux — 23 — In the Flight, fin,»ing 

and chattering of Birds — In the Intrails and Boiveli of Btrui, 
GarniJ}?ant — 33 — warning — defending, 
Moinnt de difettc — 34 — die for Want — ds in the Deferts. 
Per Hoyer — 47 — by being drowned — ly hurt. 
Appreftcr — 49 — to pray, to be prepareii — to take an Oath. 
Oi/el—^o — lVird—Cat. 

F.npure facotc — 53 — in his Coat onlj' — in. pure Sackloth. 
Gardajfent — i o x — fupport — defend. 

Wejl attei7Uahle — i 13 — is not to be attainted — is not atteji able. 
Hoi: peir — lib— .his equal — his fuperior. 
A nioncjler — i i 7 — to admoiiifh — to Jhc-'M. 
jEins ceux que — p. 308. — belorc that — after that, 
^antnm vene •vife ISaam — i 58 — when one forbids the replevying a 

live DiflreG — ivhen a Man leads aivay a li've Difirefs. 
Garrantizchles — 176 — are to be warnuitcd, or to be proved — 

are to appear. 
Qu containa — 178 — or far off — or contain. 
Ev.-mies d'jiries — 178 — pioclaimed, notorious P'nemies — Enemies 

d jco-'Jertd. 
Si Ucrke ordcinr — 188 — if a Clcik or^'.aiiU'd — if a Clerk be ordered. 
A chcjer — 20 1 — to perform, to wttourn — /" cnme to. 
D^maine un guU — 212 — tiom Haii.i t / Moiuh — ofhiso\-:n Hand. 
EJ} fuf dcs tail!/i—2i 2—\i ieiled of the Tallies— .^v Tallie,. 
De quire — jii. — with Leather — -vjith Iron. 
Eftu du ct/vre — z Shield of Leather — ti Shirld of Iron. 
Per Ic rcfuil de la rntr — 222 — by the i'.bbing of the Sc:i — by the 

Wwjcs of the ISea. 
Sons — 223 — payiiiCiU — a Rilrtrfe. 
£i' feinij: fa ley — 241 — it he pcifonn^ uls LuU' — f he vjagc his 

Law. 



If 



THE DICTIONARY. v 

If the Word defends made ufe of in a Defendant's Plea 
had been confidered as derived from the Norman 
French Word defender, and to fignify to oppofe or 
deny,, and not to juftify ; Mr. Booth in his accurate 
Treatife of Real Adlions would not have acknowledged 
himfelf fo much at a Lofs to explain the Entry of the 
Defendant's Defence in a Writ of Right. Booth xciv. 
112. — ij Black ftone 296. 

Nor furely, if the Idiom of this Language had been 
underilood, would this Paflage in Bricton, '* Si lefglifc 
** demoerge defcounfeille outre vi. moys, adonques 
*•' folonc le Counceil de Lions par I'defcord d's 
** parties, le fra levefque del lieu counfeiller & dorra 
" lefglife a afcun clerke d'son office, fauve chefcun 
*' droit," been rendered, by fo elaborate and judicious 
an Abridger as iMr. Viner, in the following Manner. 

*' If the Church remains difcouncilled beyond Jix 
** Months, then, according to the Council of Lyons, 
'' by the Difccrd of the Parties, the BiJJjop pall be 
*' in the Place of a Counfellor, and JJjall give the 
*' Church to any Clerk, faving every one's Right j" 
inftead of (as with great Deference I think it ought 
to be trandated) " If the Church remains unprovided 
beyond fix Months, then, according to the Council 
of Lyons, by Reafon of the Difagreement of the 
Parties, the Bifhop of the Diocele Ihall provide for 
it, and (hall, ex officio, collate fome Clerk to, the 
Church, faving every one's Right." Britton 225. 
a. 17. Viner 377. 

Fer v'ljl ofavcr — 24? — by buryin;^ nlive — l>y burning ali-ve. 

Per urur de eux — ioi — by plucking out the Eyes — by hmti'>" 

toeni ot'cr the h. \es, 
!?jjc ne noirent — 271 — who do not fend — hurtccl vet. 
Ajj'orcemeiit de la icy — 2S2 — a turcing, or llraining oi the Lav.', 

erring from tbe La:v. 
Oil a^-oicnt 1-eL — 300 — nr had dciiyed — or had fmt. 
Eim ceo q^ue — 308 — bcioic that- — iiiajiaucb ai, 

a 3 Nor 



VI 



PREFACE TO 



Nor if the Norman Law French had been properly 
underftood by the Profeflbrs of our Law, would a 
Frenchman, on a late remarkable Trial, have been 
called in to read and explain fome Norman French 
Charters produced in a Britilh Court of Judicature. 

Even the Statutes themfelves, as found in our 
Books, are, I am afraid, in many Places too liable 
to the fame Cenfure ; a Specimen from the (hort 
Statute of Fines *, and from the Statute of Adon -j- 
Burnell, will fhew this ; 

lieu -\ r elAl'verid ^ r read 

la pees i tranfiatcd \ the Peace r inftead of \ the Concord 

fur la pie J ^hy the County -' L on the Foot* 

The Mention therefore of thefe PafTages, thus er- 
roneoufly tranflated, may be of fome Ule, Itruft, to 
incite young Students to attain to a more perfect: 
Knowledge of the antient Norman Law French ; for 
Juftice Fortefcue, in his learned Preface prefixed to 
his Reports, and to the Treatife of Abfolute and Limit- 
ed Monarchy wrote by Sir John Fortefcue, Lord Chief" 
Juftice of England under Henry VI. fays, that with- 
out being acquainted wiih this Language, wherein fo 
much of our Laws yet in force is written, a Man can- 
not pretend to the Name of a Lawyer ; and as many 
of the Public .:\Cis which are in Latin in Rymer*s 
Foedera arc not, in the Judgment of Rapin, to be 
underllood witliout the Alfillance of Ducange or 
Spelmin ; 1 may venture to fay, that great Numbers 
of the fame Kind of Inltruments found there in the 
old French Language arc not lefs difficult for want of 
fome Dictionary of that Language. Even fo late as 
the Time of Qiicrcn Elizabeth, when one would have 
thought that alaioit all Barbarifms had been abolillied, 

» 1 8 EiHvr.rd I. 
f Frifici lour avait borruvvcd their Cz/z/f, inHcad of Jl/^^^;, 

we 



t H E D I C T I O N A R Y. vii 

We find Treaties drawn np, and Secretaries of State^ 
Ambafladors, and Kings in her Reign, correfponding 
in a very uncouth Stile; for I believe there are very 
few Readers^ who, /o«/ d^uncoup, will underftand fuch 
Words as " de repes — arrablez, plietir—^panures-^ 
** rovenereray — truer ant — leuryauxi — iinglos — fyny- 
** uemant — auplities — delleanfds — I'adutent — Jainte- 
" mant — av abler— ^oifuir — Jans anvifer — fefcrine — 
** acharuez — au oult ;'' v/ith many others equally 
oblblete, and which are not explained in any Di£lio- 
nary. Yet this CoUedtion, extenfive as I have endea- 
voured to make it, does not, I mud confefs, take in 
every difficult or obfolete Norman French Word j 
feveral of this Kind are purpofely omitted, on account 
of the Senfe of them not readily occurring, and are 
left for fome more able Hand to inveftigate ; others 
alfo will, without Doubt, be met with in fome Books 
and Manufcripts which have efcaped my Reading : 
though I perfuade myfclf the Number will not be very 
confiderable ; and that it may with Truth be faid, that 
very few of the antient Norman French Words 
which occur in this Work, are to be met with elfe- 
where. 

This Compilation, the Reader will pleafe to obferve, 
is confined to fuch Words of the old French Language 
as occur chiefly in Rymer's Foedera, our Statutes, 
Parliament Rolls, Journals, Records, Law Books, and, 
Hiflorians ; for as to thofe which are to be met with 
in ancient Writers of the French Nation, and in the 
Provencal Poets and Romances, they are foreign to 
our Purpofe ; and may be found in the Didlionary 
lately compiled by the learned M. La Combe *, in 2 
Volumes : Nor have I traced the Norman French Lan- 
guage up to its Origin, this being alio already dune by 

• Diiflionnalre du Yiewx Langage Franjois, par INI, La Combe, 
\ Paris^ J 766, 

the 



viii PREFACE. 

/ /■ 

the above Author, and feveral others who have pro* 
fefledly written on that Subject. 

It would probably likewife not have been unenter- 
taining, and at the fame Time more fatisfa^tory to 
fome Readers, to have given, as Menage and others 
have done, the PalTages and Sentences at length, 
from thofe Records, Books, and Manulcripts, from 
which moil; of the Words in this Colle£tion are taken; 
this indeed would have helped to point out the dif- 
ferent Epochs when fuch and fuch Words firfl: aflumed 
fuch a Senfe, as well as given the Reader an Oppor- 
tunity of comparing the Words themfelves with the 
Context ; but this Parade would have rendered the 
Work much larger, and I am afraid too expenfive. 
My only V^ievv, in making this Compilation, is to pro- 
mote Hidorical Knowlege, and enable the Studious to 
rc-ad with Satisfaction, and uhderrtand, thofe many in- 
tercfting and curious Records difperfed in our Adts 
of State i and particularly in the Failiamcnt Rolls 
(which under the Sanction of the l.egiflature have 
been lately publifhed), Law Books, and HiHorians, 
and which, for want of fome Affiflance of this Kind, 
lofe much of their Force: if this End is anfwered 
without making thofe numerous Quotations which 
the obfcrvingthe above Order would have occjfioncd, 
1 hope, the Want of it will be readily excufed. 



D I CTI O N A RY 



6 F THE 



NORMAN AND OLD FRENCH 



LANGUAGE. 



Aatf and., with j from, 
9 for, by. 
A caufa de cy, for this 

reafon. 
A ce, for this purpofe. 
A ceftuy,/roOT him. 
A la facon, in the fajhion, 
A la prefence, in the pre- 

fence. 
A peu perd, ivith fmall 

lofs. 
A font, and are. 
A tort, by wrong, 
Aage, age. 
Aagiee etant, being of the 

age.^ 
A an J a, year, 
Abaieffe, an abbefs, 
Abaiez, afraid, intimidat' 

ed. 
Abaiez du peril, put in 

peril, 
A bailer, to appeafe. 
Abaiflc, deprived. 



Abaifliees (fi), fo impovi' 

rifhed, 
Abaizance, abbalaunce, in 

abeyance^ in expectation, 
Abatift, abated, beat down, 

pulled downy threw down, 

quajhed, defeated, inter- 

pofed. 
s'Abaty, entered by abate- 
ment, interpofed. 
Abatu (Bois), wood cut or 

fallen. 
AbaudilTent (fei), embolden 

themfelves, give them- 

felves up to. 
Abbaflenient, abatement, 
Abbeiflaiit, obedient, 
Abbefled, c aft down. 
Abbeffement, lejfening, 

lowering. 
Abbeflent, abate, lower. 
Abbrevoir, a watering 

place. 
Abbs, an abhey. 
B Abbuver, 



2 A B 

Abbuver, to give water to. 

Abciflantj obedient. 

Abeifle, abcfle, abated^ 
lejfenedy abafed. 

AbciflTement, lowering, 

Abeifi'ez, opprejfed, 

Aber, abetting, 

A be fi lie, abated, 

Abctir, to render Jiiipid. 

AbettCj abetment, 

Abetuz, abating, allowing 
for, 

Abcye, abit, habit, 

Ableflement (en), to the 
fcandal^ injury, 

Ablez, able, fit. 

Abogen, bowed. 

Aboihige, honey. 

A border, to apply to, ar- 
ri'vs at. 

Aboutira tc draw to, to 
abut.' 

AooLicifiants, abouriiTc- 
ments, limits or boun- 
daries. 

Ab Owein, ap Owen, 

Abreeu, /Ipril. 

Abioceurs, brokers, 

Abruver, to zvater. 

Ablbile, abfoller, ablbul- 
drc, abfodrc, to abfohe, 

■ forgive, pardon. 

Abftiegner, to abfiain. 

Abftinence, cejfation, 

Abusfhementz, conceal- 
ments, 

Abntremehts, ornaments. 

Ac a, ca, then. 



'. • AC 

Acat, buying, 

Acate (p vols d*), hy way 

of bargain, 
Acaterie (Sergeaunt de T), 

ferjeant of the eatery. 
Accepfant (en), in accept- 

ingy objecting, 
Accefiement, addition. 
AcceiTer, to affefs, 
Accion, accyoun, a£lion. 
Accoitant (en), in hording 

up. 
Accoind, very neceffary 

or familiar. 
Accointance, aid, favour, 

ajfociation, 
Accoller, to embrace. 
Accollee (donner 1'), to 

dub a knight. 
AccomptableZjComptabie 

pefTon, countable, fm all 

fijh- 
Accord (d'), the concord. 
Accoritez, agreed to it, 
Accorr, ready, wary. 
Accofter, to prop, or hold 

up. 
Accourfement, the taking 

away. 
Accoutcr, to hearken. 
Accrcffjr, accrefter, to in- 

creafcy to accrew, to 

happen. 
Accreir^nt, arife from. 
AccreiTer (qui droit ad a), 

who has a right to the 

profits, 

Accreve, 



A C 

A^creve, increafed, 
Accreaunt, gathering, oh- 

tainingy accroaching, 
Accxqchtv,accroach^ufurp^ 

attempt to exercife. 
Acrois, increafe, accejfton, 
, improvement. 
Acciiferez, reproach, ac- 

cufe. 
Accufement, accufation, 
Acenfement, a letting to 

harm. 
Acenfeur, a farmer, 
Aceres, maple-trees, 
Acertener, afcertained., be- 
• ing ixiell cijjured of, 
Acertez, certified, get in- 
telligence of, in good 

earneji. 
AcefTent, affefs. 
Achampart (garder les), to 

keep them feparate, fafe. 
Acharuez, incenfed, cruelly 

bent againfi. 
Achat, buying. 
Acheter, to buy. 
Achatur, acatour, buyer, 
Achatre, to rafifom, 
Achemine, direcled. 
Achefon, achayilon, rea- 
fon, occafon, caufe, 

hurt. 
Acheioncz de bel pleder, 

called in Guefiion for 

beaupkdcr. 
Achevc (nc fe), doc^ net 

(itlGurn. 



A:C 31 

Achever, achiver, taper- 
form, 

Acheu, attourned, 

Achioer, to finifh. 

Achoifoner, acheflbner, t9 
accufe, 

Aci, here. 

Acier, Jieel, 

Aco, that. 

A coign e, favour, affoxia- 
tion. 

Acone fei, fometimes. 

Aeons, fore, 

Aconvenu, covenanted, 
agreed upon, 

Acort, agreement, accord^ 
confent. 

Acoudre, to join, 

Acoiilper, to accufe, 

Acounte, aconte, to he 
reckoned, deemed, ac- 
counted. 

A coupes, accufed, guilty. 

Acouter, deemed, account- 
ed. 

Acovyegnenr, agree, fettle, 

Acqueifter, to pacify, 

Acquifier, to receive, ga- 
ther. 

Acre, an acre, a meafur^ 
of land. 

q ne tuift unques acree 
ne vergee, which ivas 
never furveyed, mea- 
fured, or laid out in^Q 
acres^ rods, ^c. 

Ac res J incre^^fcd. 



^ 2, 



Acrefcfr 



4 AC 

Acrcfce, increafe. 

Acreftre, acrefler, acre- 
fere, to multiply, to in- 
creafcy advance, rife^ ac~ 
crew. 

Acreftant a lui, taking up- 
on himfelf, 

Acrire, to write* 

d'Acrocher, to ajfume, in- 
croachy increaje, 

Acroire, to lend. 

Acruift, accrewed. 

Act, a5iion. 

A6tines, anions, cloaks. 

A duel, ready, fpeedy. 

Adtualmenc, adtuelment, 
prefently. 

Acunement, in any other 
manner. 

Acunte, account. 

Acunt (deit), owes any 
thing. 

Acufe, excufes. 

Adaerains, at laji. 

Adavaunt ale, fo far gone. 

Adayer, to provoke, 

Adeiz, already. 

A dene, now. 

Adeprimes, Jirjl, at firjl, 
for the fir ft time, 

Adepr, obtained. 

Aderere, behind, in arreor, 
firayed from. 

Aderener, to appraife. 

Ades, by and by. 

Adelbure, underneath, be- 
low. 

Adefouth lui, under him. 



A D 

Adefleemcnt, confiantly. 
Adetteres, fincerely. 
Adcvant, before. 
Adevenir, to become. 
Adgares (ne), lately, 
Adgifantz, adjacent, 
Addculeir, to mitigate, t» 

afwage. 
Addone, given to. 
Addoubers, fee adoubers. 
Addoubeur, a promoter^ 

or fetter-up of caufes. 
Addreffe, directed to,fent\ 

alfo redrefs. 
Addrefleroient en haut 

lour maynes dextres, 

floould hold up on high 

their right hands. 
Adherdantz, adherents. 
A dieu commandez, gone 

to God, departed this 

life. 
Adjcudcr, to adjujl, con* 

trive, difpafe of. 
Adjouftcr tb}', to give 

faith. 
Ad ire, by faying. 
A dire, that is to fay. 
Adire, to abandon, forfake. 
Aditerent, fJjould fummon 

to the eyre. 
Adjure, abjured, abandon- 
ed. 
Admenellres, admonifhed, 

brought. 
Adminiilres, the admini' 

flralors. 
Adnates, the firjl fruits. 
Adnerer, 



A D 

Adnerer, to fet a price. 

Adoler, to lament. 

Adonques, adonges, then. 

Adouler, to repair. 

Adoubers de vicls draps, 
patcbersy botchers^ or 
menders of apparel, 

Adoun, then, 

Adrecans, adroifTans, ad- 
drejfed^ directed to, 

Adreciez, adreltees, re- 
drejfed. 

Ad rein, until, 

Adrcitament, with addrefs^ 
alio direSlly, forthwith, 
readily. 

Ad res, readily, conve- 
niently, 

Adrefcer, to redrefs. 

Adrefcer a nous, behave 
to us. 

rAdrefcement, the ma- 
nagementy improvement^ 
reformation, reform^ re- 
pairing. 

Adrefler ^ts refons, to 
make out, to prepare his 
defence. 

Adreffvis, going, proceeding 
OH, continuing along. 

Qii'ils adreflafient, that 
they fhould prepare them- 
f elves. 

Nous nous adrefleoms, we 
are getting ready, 

Adreflez, erc^. 

Adredez, ornamented, 
gilded. 



A E 5 

Chafer adrcfTez, drive them 
flrait along, 

Adreflement, dire^ly, 
forthwith. 

Adrier, in arrear. 

Ad tret, drawn, 

Advelgne, happens, he- 
comes. 

En adventure fi, in cafe, 

Adveu (foubz 1'}, with the 
approbation. 

Advitailles, victualled, 

Advocaflie, office of advo- 
cate. 

Advoue, advoes, advo- 
cates, perfons Jkilled in 
the law. 

Advover, to avow, 

Adueinenr, arife. 

Adunque, then. 

TAdutent, making ufe of. 

Adyre, to fay. 

Ae, the age of a man. 

Aele, grandmother. 

Aem perlir, peril of our 
foul. 

Aerdanz, aordanz, adbi'* 
rents, 

Aerder, to accrew, 

Aererer, to plough. 

Aerin, brafs. 

Aernovel, Augujl, 

Aerres, earJieJi, 

Aery, nejt of hawks. 

Aes, eafe. 

Aeues, waters, 

Aez, has. 

B 3 Afeorc, 



« At" 

Afeore, affeered. 

Affaire, to make. 

Affaires, afFairez, to he 
made. 

Aftairont, affeef: 

Affaitier, to render learned. 

A ffame, famijhed. 

Affedtate, wilful. 

Affeftes, bejioived on. 

Affeduous, dejtrous. 

Affedleufment, affection- 
ately. 

Afferre (nus eqoms), we 
have occafion for. 

Afferaunt (folonc Ion), ac- 
lordtng to his fhare^ pro- 
portion, or what belongs 
to him. 

AfFeront (en lor), in their 

. proportion. 

Aflferme, contrail. 

AITerment, lodge, lay. 

AfFermer. to let to farm. 
v^AfFermes, afermt- es grant- 

'•■ ed, limited^ confirmed. 

AfFer, afFri, afFra,' cattle, 
or beafis. 

AfFers des carads, beafs 
of the plow. 
* AfFere, to do. 

AfFercr, to tax, affefs, mo- 
derate. 

AfFcrrir, afFeroit, belonged, 

AfFert, /'/ behoveth. 

Affiaunce, confidence. 

Affiauntz, by the cffirni- 
ance, cath. 

Affie (nulfe), let none pre- 
fume. 



A F 

Affiert, // belongs, is meet* 

Affinage, refining of metal. 

Affins, kindred by mar- 
riage, friends. 

Pur affiner, to put an end 
to it. 

Affiont, affiantz, affie,' 
trufting, confiding in. 

Affirmacons, confirma- 
tions. 

AffirnaalFoms, had affirm- 
ed. 

Suit afRrme,yK/V affirmed. 

Pur default d'affirmure, 
for want of confirming. 

AfRrez, affeered. 

AfFoire, to do. 

Que mien y foit afFoire, 
what is befi to be done. 

Aff"orcer, to Jlrengthen. 

AfForce, increafed,ftrcngth- 
ened. 

s'AfForcent, aim at, at- 
tempt. 

Si fe afForce, if he fhould 
attempt. 

AfForcement de fcmme, 
forcing a woman. 

AfForcement de la ley, a 
forcing cr firaming of 
the law. 

AfForcement, eff equally. 

AfForer, to efiimate. to tax. 

A{fonfiv.em,firength, aid, 
aff /lance. 

AfFvirterez, will enforce. 

Affraij afFrei, terror. 

En 



A G 

En afFrai de la pees, in 
breach of the peace, 

Affraietz, terrified. 

AfFranchir, to fet free. 

Affretter (d'), to freight. 

AfFublez des manteau, 
habited with the mantle. 

Affyereit, truji to. 

Afolee, cripled. 

A force, Jlrengthened. 

Aforcer, to endeavour., to 
compel., to inforce. 

Aforcent, tend to, endea- 
vour, 

Aforellers, aforejled. 

A for prendre, to be for- 
■prized. 

Afoiiement {f\)^ asfoon as., 
as fafi as. 

Afoula, damaged., wajled. 

Ag, wait^ keep, obfcrve. 

Agadz, ajfaults. 

Agagcr nule ley, wage any 
law. 

Agagez, pledged. 

Agaitz, lie in wait. 

Agaites (les), the watch. 

Agardant, regarding. 

Agardetz; agard, award- 
ed-., keep., ohferve., attend. 

En vos agardetz, in your 
judgement, determination. 

En vos agard, in your own 
delay. 

Aga}te, agait (en), by 

, await. 

Agatere (pur male), cf 
expecting mlfchlcf. 



A I 7 

Age, water. 
Agenuz, on their knees. 
Agglue, joined^ congealed. 
Aggrcaunc (en), in aggre- 

vat ion. 
Aggrcggez, enumerated, 

fpecified. 
Agikc, a^ed. 
Agifant environ, lying 

near, adjacent. 
Agifer, to be levant and 

coucBant. 
Agneler, to yean or bring 

forth lambs. 
Agnifer, to acknowledge. 
Agrca (ele ^^),Jhe agreed. 
Agrcation, agreement. 
Agreftical, clownifh. 
Aguet a panfe, malice 

prepenfe. 
Aguet, aquec (par), by 

ambufcade. 
A guey, near. 
Aguir, to guide. 
Aguifer, to fharpen. 
A gules pur faces, pack 

needles. 
AgUN'en, Acquita-n. 
Aherdanntz, adhering. 
Ahcritcz, heir, inheritor. 
Ahontir, to abajlj, or make 

one afldamed, 
Ajants, having. 
A ice, thereto. 
Aie, aid, relief. 
Aient, are. 
Aienz, ha'ving. 
B 4 Aier, 



8 



A I 



Aier, JieeL 

Aiet, he Jhall have, 

Aile, a wing, 

Ailefs, a grandmother. 

Ailors, eljewhere, befideSf 

then. 
Aimans, diamonds. 
Aimant, a loadjione. 
Aimer (!'), the love, 
Ain, a book, 
Ainceis, but. 
Ainneefche, elderjhip, 

birthright, 
Ains, his. 
A ins, oppofedy ohJlru5fed. 

Ains, d'ams, (par quintal 
d'), for a quintal of al- 
monds. 

Ainfi come (per), in the 
fame manner as, 

Aintz, but. 

iVinz, einzqe, before that. 

Ainznez, eldfjl. 

A ion, aiomz, have. 

Ajourner ceus, remove 
them. 

Ajourtre (fanz), without 
addi/.g. 

Ajoyn'], Joined. 

Airaine, brafs. 

Aire, nejl of the hawk. 

Aireau, a plough. 

Aircns en pourpos, intend. 

Aires, eared, ploughed. 

Airignantc, adjoining. 

Ais, a board. ' 

I'Aife, the eafe. 

Aifemenr, eafement. 



A L 

Aifne filz, eldefl fon. 
Aifnee fille, eldefi daughter, 
Aift, aided. 
Aiftre, exijience^ life. 
Aitre, a bouje^ an apart- 
ment^ a room. 

Aive, water. 

Ajudar, to afftfl. 

Ajuge, adjudged. 

Ajuftement, ajouftances, 
addition. 

Ai<.eton, hoketonde plate, 
coat of plate, metal. 

Ak\xnQ,fome. 

Al, to, from, 

A), went to. 

Ala devie a trefpafs, de- 
parted this life. 

Alaier, alledge. 

Alant, alantes, going, 

Al armes, with armes. 

Alaflent quere hors, they 
fhould go and take them 
out. 

Alalles, gone, 

Allaceaulx, collateral, 

Allancz al roy, going to 
the king. 

Alcome, alcbymy. 

Alcons, any one, 

Alcunz e alcun, one or 
more. 

Alee, allay. 

Alees, paffages abroad. 

Alefoitz, fometimes. 

Alegannce, allowance, re- 

' drefs, 

Alejr^er 



A L 

Aleger (lui), to relieve him- 

felf, 
Alegge, eafedy redrejfedy 

relieved, 
Alegcrez, will alleviate. 
Alencontre, to the con- 
trary, againjL 
Aler (le), the bringing, 
Aler (lourj, their depar- 
ture. 
Ales de gales (en fees), in 
bis journey into France, 
Alettes, little eagles. 
Aletz adieu, go quit. 
Aleur (a grant), in gre-at 

bajie, 
Aleviance, eafe, 
AH, to another. 
All a nee, allegiance, 
Aliaunces, alienee, confe- 
deracies, allegations, Jug- 
gejlions. 
Alias, heretofore. 
Alienaean, kindred, 
A lien nee, an alien. 
Alienee, the buyer. 
Alier, at large, to go at 

large. 
Alier hors, to go out of. 
Aliez (lour), their rela- 
tions, friends. 
Alifaundre, Alexander. 
Aliflir, aleifler, at going 

out, 
Alkemine, alchemy. 
Alleage, allegag, allcdged. 
Alice, herring. 



AL 9 

AUcdgie, bought in, made 

fatisfa£lion, 
Allees {{\),fo far proceeded 

in. 
AUeger, to lejfen, 
Allegier, to alleviate, re- 
move. 
Alleggeanee (en), for re- 

drefs, in eafe of. 
Allegeaunee (tans}, with- 
out alledging. 
Allegles, imprifcned. 
Allegiance (forfque), only 
an alleviation, exemp' 
tion. 
Alleg'ez, alleviated, re- 

drejed, 
AUeguez, cited. 
AUeient avant, may pro- 
ceed. 
Allele, allay, 
AUeques, alledged, 
Alleront, went.^ 
A lies, allies. 

Alleu, allieu, aleu, alieu, 
a pojfejjion free from all 
fubje5fion, allodial. 
All eve, levyed. 
Alle^'n, an alien. 
Alliance, aliance, alienee, 
aleyngnanfe, confedera- 
cy^ protejlation, allegi- 
ance. 
Alliance (faux), by falfe 

allegations. 
Alliantz, aliens. 
AUieger, alledge. 

Anient 



lo A L 

Allicnt (fen), may dc'pari. 
Allies, alliez, kindred, con- 
. federates. 

Alliours Wqkix, other places. 
Alloee, allowed. 
Alloigne,.aliignc, put off 

or delayed^ carried away, 

conveyed from. 
AUoigner le terme, inlarge 

the time. 
Allopee, eloped. 
Des allopers de nunns, of 
\ thofe who elope with 
. nuns. 

Allowables, gcnuiyie. 
vAJ lower (ne poet), cannot 

let. 
Allowent, hire. 
AUoycanche, alloyance, 

alliance. 
AWoynts, flolen^ alienated^ 

removed^ carried cff\ 

drove away. 
Alloynours, alleynours, 

thofe who conceal, fleal, 

or carry a thing off pri- 

va^teiy. 
Alluer, to allow. 
x\ Hum in or, a I: inner or 

gilder of letters in old 

rnanufcripts. 
Aim, foul. 
I.endemavn clcs almes, on 

the morrow if fouls. 
Al nicnnc j^tuplc, to infe- 
rior people. 
Alnioignes, ahns^ almonds. 
A hi 3, a wood of elders. 



AL 

K\viyo\\x%,aulnagerSi 
Aloigner, to enlarge, 
Aloine, oufted. 
Aloinent, eloign, 
Alongerent (le), withdrew 

themfehes. 
Alors, there^ at that time, 

in that place. 
Aloft, go. 
Alote, allotted. 
Aloues, worthy of praife. 
Alquons, any one. 
Alre-fice, at another time, 

afore time. 
Alt, high. 
Alt al ewe, let him go to 

water Ordeal. 
Alterquer, to wrangle. 
Altres nil (les), the o- 

ther 4. 
Altres (per), hy others, 
Altrcfi, in like manner. 
A lye, fajlened, fixed. 
Alyenont le judgement, 

they defer the judgement. 
Alvey, alderground, 
Aluable, allozvable. 
Aluer (li), allozv him. 
Alun, allom, 
Alz, az, they, them. 
Am, 1 love, 
Amans, diamonds. 
Am^iYo'n, Jhould love. 
A mar, beloved. 
Amatidre, an amethifl. 
Amballiatt, emhaffage. 
Anibaxeurs, amhaffadors. 
Ambodeux, 



A M 

Ambodeux, amdeus, am- 
bcdoi, amb, both. 

Ambrey, a cupboard, 

Amc, friend. 

A me cofyn, beloved couftn. 

AmF, amen, 

Amcdcus les pties, both 
"parties. 

Ariicc, de/ired, coveted. 

Ameis, amctz gentieux 

• hommcs, beloved gen- 
tlemen. 

Ameinife, dimimjhes. 

Amene, /educed, forced. 

Amenez, amegnez, pro- 
duced, brought. 

Amenuier, to abridge, a- 
bate, decreafe, diminifj, 
lejfcn, annihilate, to fall, 

Amcfnufoit, brought. 

iVmenilTe, amended. 

Amendemenr, for the 
amendment, ir/iprcve- 
mdnt. 

En amendement, in a- 
mcnds. 

Anient, let him make 
amends. 

Amentineez, maintain. 

Les amends de allyfe en- 
frevntc, the ccrreStiGU 
of the breach of affyjc. 

Amcnrir, to diminijh, 

Ameniftrez, adminifiered. 

Amer, bitter. 

i^mer (ne de), nor to love. 

Ames, mercy. 



•A M 11 

Ames et foyabJes, beloved 

and faithful. 
Ames (es), on the fouls, 
Amefner, to bring, convey, 
Amefnauncez, carrying 

away. 
Ameinannce, ameign- 

auncc, bringing in, 
Amefure, moderated, 
Amez, friends. 
Amiaide, friendly. 
Araiablement, amicably. 
Amice, beloved. 
Amiraudes, emeralds. 
Amifours (fes), thofe who 

are prejudiced againji 

hi?n. 
Am'ftee, friendfhip. 
Amirtre, annuity. 
Amnafle, threaten. 
Amoiiidrir, to fnake thin 

or lean. 
AmoinorifTant, 'wc^fting, 

diminijhing. 
Amoler, to melt. 
/imolir, amoUir, to foften. 
Anioneltoms, admonifh. 
AiDoneftmenc, warnings 

notice. 
Amont, a mount, upwards, 

againji , above. 
Amort, amorti, dead. 
Amorte, allured, won. 
Amortir, amorrizer, anior- 

teyler, to aniortife, to 

purchafe in mortma.n. 
Amountauntj afcendhig. 
d'Amour 



12 AN 

d'Amour jour, day of 
grace ; a day alfo given 
to compromife the fuit. 

Amous, very. 

Amoyneric, almonry. 

Ampiere, an empire. 

Amplier, to increafe^ eti' 
large. 

Amprendre, to undertake. 

Ampres, after. 

En ampres, hereafter. 

d'Ams quintal, a quintal 
of almonds. 

Amuty friends, 

Amur, love. 

Amuue, moves, grieves. 

Amuzer afcun, to put one 
in ajludy. 

Amyes concubines, be- 
loved concubines. 

Amyte, friendfhip. 

I'An, the one. 

Ana, without. 

Analefient, ^<?/»^, went. 

Anamalez, enamelled. 

Anchifors, ancejiors. 

Ancelle, a maid fervant. 

Anceflre en court, fum- 
momd to appear in court, 

Ancoys, but. 

Anculcr, to accufe. 

Ande, mother in law. 

I'Andtimain, th: morrow. 

Aneals, aneus, rings. 

And, a ring. 

A I'anell, en delivery of 
the nuptial ring, on jo- 



A N 

lemnization of the mar- 
riage. 

An el, an angel. 

TAncl, the handle. 

Anelyng de lewles, aned" 
ing of tiles. 

Anemis, enemies. 

Ancnent, happen, arife. 

Angeine, the feaji of the 
Holy Virgin. 

Anginees, engine^ devices. 

Anguites, anguifh. 

Angufles, firaights. 

Angutez, ftraightened. 

Anichilee, annihilated. 

Anienter, anientir, to take 
away, to defeat, make 
void, to annul. 

Anient, anientie, void, dif- 
annulled. 

Tot anientie, entirely ruin- 
ed 

En anientifement, to the 
deflru5!ion^ wafle, ruin, 
difannullingy lejfening, 
imp over ifhment, waflin^. 

An il enuft (!'), from 
whence there fqllozvs. 

Anifancz, aynifans, annoy- 
ance. 

An\z, friend. 

Ankes, geefe. 

Ankes, prcfently. 

Ankes avant (que), that 
before. 

Anne, year. 

Annealing, 



- A N 

Annealing, a burning or 
hardening by fire. 

Annel, annuel, a ring. 

Anuels, anuels livres, the 
year books. 

Annez, years, 

I'Anoiture, the nurture. 

Anoye, injured, damaged. 

Anoya, hurt. 

Anquare, yet, ftill, again, 

Anqnes, but, very, 

A ans, for a time. 

Anfement aurement(tout), 
entirely in the fame man- 
ner. 

Anfois, but, although. 

Ant (le), being. 

Antandre, to inform, 

Anten (de), ofthelajiyear. 

Antic, old, 

Antor le tour, round the 
tower, 

Antyer tout, entirely. 

Anuales chauntantz,75'»^- 
ing annuals, or maffei 
every day. 

Anuelx, rings. 

Anui, to day, this night. 

Anulterie(en), in adultry, 

Anures mals, evil works. 

Anufance, anufantz, an- 
noyance. 

Anute, annuity, 

Anuyr, vexes. 

Anvifer (fans), without 
waiting. 

Anyentiflenr, annul. 



Anyntier, to annul, 

Anz, years, 

Anzoiz, anfois, but, 

Aordaunce, confederacy, 

Aore, now. 

A our, gold, 

Aourer, to pray to, wor^ 
fhip, 

Aournemens, ornaments, 

Aouft, Augujl, 

Apandy, belongs. 

A para, will appear, 

Aparelle, aparaile, appa- 
rellie, ready, 

Aparille (de tot), with all 
readinefs, 

Aparceyver, to perceive, 

A par luy, on his part. 

Aparmenes, ore apar- 
menns, at this prefent, 

A parte, open, full. 

Apartement, plainly. 

Apaftiz, patiz, the agree- 
ment to a contribution, 

Apauvry, impoverifhed, 

Apeaus, appeals, 

A pee, on foot. 

A pens, thought. 

A pent, belongs, 

Aperchenoir, perceive, 

Apercus de ceo, informed 
of it. 

Aperluy, by itfelf. 

Apermenc, openly. 

Apefchez, impeached, 

Apefcr, to appeafe. 

Apetifcz, 



t> 



A P 



Apetifez, apeticher, ap- 
petichie, appetie, dimi- 
nijhedi lejfened. 

Apeu, a few. 

Apeyne, fcarce. 

Apiergent, they appear. 

Apieroit, // appears. 

Apoi chefcun, every one 
almoft. 

Apoinder, to appoint^ di- 
re^, 

Apoint, pointed^ fiarp at 

- the end. 

Apoftiler, to write notes 
on.. 

Apoflilles, additions fObfer- 
vations. 

Apoftle, apoftal, apoftoile, 
apoftoire, the pope. 

Apoy ylia demure (qe), 
that there fcarce remains. 

AppaierSj to he paid. 

Appaiez, fatisfied. 

Apparralkz, repaired. 

Apparailementz, fitting 
out. 

Apparelez (pur i'),/<7^ re- 
pairing of. 

L'endemain de I'appari- 
tion, the morro'jj of the 

\ Epiphany. 

Apparoir, apparoer, ap- 
paroier, to appear^ make 
known. 

AppafiTer, to pafs. 

Appatifliez lieux, places 
which agreed to pay a 
fum of money to the ene- 



AP 

my in compenfation of 
their towns being.fpared 
from the ravages oj war. 

Appaye (en un), in one 
payment, 

Appaye (nent), not con- 
tented^ dijfatisfied. 

Appeaux, appeals. 

Appeirez, impaired, 

Appelc, called. 

Appellations, appeals. 

Appellantz (Seignurs), 
krds appellants^ viz. the 
duke ofGloucefter, Henry 
earl of Derby ^ Richard 
earl of Arundel^ Thomas 
earl of IVarwick, and 
Thomas earl of "Notting- 
ham, earl Marfhal, who 
were Jo called in 1 1 Rich. 
II. becaufe they were the 
accufers in parliament of 
the then late minijlers. 

Appcllicrs, called. 

Append, pending. 

Appener, to portion out. 

Appenfer, to think or con- 
fider. 

Appcnlemeniz, thoughts. 

Appenlcs, hung, affixed. 

Appente, appicnt, belong- 
elh. bclominz. 

Appcrceivance, prepara- 
tions^ difcovery. 

Appcricnt q, who import^ 

Appcril, apparaillez,r^tf^, 
apparelled, prepared. 

Appcrr, 



Appert, openly J in public. 

Appeler, to agree. 

Appefement, agreement, 

Appiaux, appeals. 

Appiert evidence, appa- 
rent evidence^ jurtfdic- 
tion. 

Appifant, evident. 

Applater, to make plain. 

Appliantz, arriving, drove 
into. 

Applicuer, to employ. 

Applier, to fuhmit. 

Applois, employment. 

Apport, tax, tallage, im- 
pofition, payment, tri- 
bute, charge, expences. 

Apportz(come),«jz/ ought. 

Appofer, appofe, adjuji, 
agree. 

Appofee, quejlioned, adjuft- 
ed, fettled. 

Apprailles, ready. 

Appreciation, appraife- 
ment. 

Appreignent, lea'f.i, he in- 
formed of. 

Apprcifours, appraifers. 

Apprentife, a ftudent of 
the law, a pleader, a 
ferjeant at law. 

Un apprentiz de la court 
le roy et attournc, nn 
apprentice of the court of 
ike kins: and an attorney. 

Apj^refter, fhould endea- 
vor, ought to be pre- 
pared. 2 



A"P 



«5 



ApprcRa (fe), JJjould le 
ready. 

A^^xt^dits, payments, loans. 

Apprefte (argent), money 
borrowed on loan. 

Appreftes (per lui), by 
him lent. 

Apprimes, firfi, 

Apprile, appris, learned. 

Apprifez de ley, learned in 
the law. 

rApprifemcnr, the feifing. 

Approcher lour droit, to 
come at their right. 

Appromptes (per), by bor- 
rowing. 

Approper, to appropriate* 

Approperment, properly, 

Approperruent (per), by 
appropriating. 

Approve, vouched. 

Approvez, appropriated. 

Approvcrr.enz, improve- 
ments. 

Apprower, to iniprove. 

Approwours, approvers. 

Appruer, to approve. 

Appruement, profit. 

Appus, appear. 

Apree, after-ivr.rds. 

Apres, next, ncnrejl to. 

Aprcs Ics II 1 1 jours, with- 
in 4 days. 

Apres, learned, /killed in. 

i^]5refl:ay, //•■;//. 

Aprelt (d'argcnt d'}, ready 
money. 

Aprfd 



l6 A R 

Apreft fdettcs d'), debts 

which ought to be paid 

down* 
Aprimes (tout), inthefirft 

injlancey immediate* 
Apris le jour, after the 

day, 
Apris, underjloodj valued, 

appraifed. 
Apris de da leie, learned 

or verfed in the laws. 
Aprifes (dcs), from infor- 

maticns* 
Aprife, learning. 
Aprivoifes, improved^ pur- 
chafed, 
Aprocha, petitioned, 
Aprocher a notre, come at 

our own. 
Aprouchier, proceed. 
A prove, improves. 
Aprua Ion waft, approved 

his waft. 
Apruchement, approach, 

arrival, 
Apuril, April, 
Aquar {'^iQvg.), ferjeant of 

the ewry. 
Aquitantz, acquittance, 
Aqules, to which, 
Ara ece, fhall have been, 
Aracc, to erafe. 
Araccez, tore out. 
Aracher, to grub up. 
Aracine, taken root, 
Araer, arair, to prepare , 

array, fettle. 



A R 

A rages, madmen, 

Araics, array, apparel, 

Araine, brafs, 

A rant, plowing, earing. 

Kx2X, fhall have* 

Arbalaftres, arbaleftes, 
crofs bows, 

Juges arbitrers, arbitrarys, 
a private judge chofen by 
confent of the parties to 
determine the matter in 
difference. 

Arc, a bow, an archer* 

Arcamentz, fecrets. 

Arces, arftz, burnt. 

Arcewefche, archbifjjop. 

A re he, a chefl. 

Archer, to fhoot. 

Ar(5l, compelled. 

A ratable, forcible, 

Arder, to force, bind. 

Ardlors, the plaintiffs. 

AITifes arannez, afftfes ar- 
raigned. 

Ardeit, ardes, burnt. 

Arden, a wood. 

Arduys negoces, arduous 
hufinefs. 

Que pur I'arduite de lour 
charge, as well on ac- 
count of the arduoufnefs 
of their charge. 

Are, arct, a ram. 

Arecountre, according to. 

Arcigne, happen. 

Areitez, arrented. 

Aremeuaunt, 



A R 

Aremenaunt, arenaunt,/cr 
ever after, 

Arenes, arefnes, arefenez, 
put to anfwery arraign- 
ed^ called in quejlion, 

A rent, a certain fmn af- 
fejfed by way of fine for 
beaupleader, 

Arentes, let^ rented at. 

Arere, back again, 

Arere (en), aforetime. 

Arere (joint), diminution, 
joined again. 

Areriflment, hindrance, 
delay, prejudice. 

Arefme, dareim, of brafs. 

A reft, /^j. 

Arefter, areiter, Jiop, re- 
fijij oppofed. 

ArcHieu, feizedy detained. 

Areftus, areftutz, arrejied, 

A ret, an account. 

Arete, arefte, taken or 
charged with fume crime. 

Argouees, argued, debated. 

Arieres en temps (en), in 
times paji. 

Arire (rendra), Jhall pay 
back again. 

Arierifee, injured, hin- 
dered. 

Arivail, arrival, 

Arkes, hozvs. 

Arm (de 1') de Tamyfe, an 
arm of the Thames t 

Arme, weapon. 

Armez, arms, coat armour. 

Armor, the fea. 



A R 



17 



A r mure, arms, armour, 
harnefs. 

A r mures (milles), a thoU' 
fand armed men. 

Axont^ Jloall have, 

Arorez, fodder, foil, com- 
poji, 

Arouere, to anfwer. 

Arpen, an acre, 

Arr, in arrear, arrained. 

Arrablez, overpowered^ op' 
preffed. 

Arracer, to root up, 

Arrages (gens), madmen, 

Arrailbner, put to anfwer. 

Arramez, commenced. 

Arramir, to affemble. 

Arranez, ou arranerz^ ar- 
raigned, or to be ar- 
raigned. 

Arras (en), i« earnejl, 

Arrayncment, arefnement, 
the arraignment. 

Arre (demaunde), demand 
back again. 

ArreCt, arrette, let him 
impute it. 

Arren, arreyn, arrent, ar- 
raigned. 

Arrcr, to piozv up. 

Arrer et lemyr, to plow 
and fozv. 

Arrere (en), lately. 

Avrene, pervertedy delayed, 
frujtrated. 

Arreremeyn, backwards, 
gradually. 
C Arrerifle- 



IS 



A R 



Arreriflemcnt, arerifment 

(en), in delay , biftdrance, 

annoyance. 
Arreftre, to accrew. 
Arrell, accrefl, accrews. 
A r re (lent, take. 
Arrient, happens. 
Arrier, arrer, to give ear- 

nejl. 
Arriers, again. 
Arrivails (petltz), fmall 

landing places. 
Arroie (que je), that I 

Jhall have. 
Arroir, 2inoti,Jhouldhavey 

icculd he. 
Arroul, inr oiled. 
Arrure, plowing. 
Ars, bur /it. 
Arfines, arfeuns, arfures, 

burning. 
Arte, narrowed. 
Artie, artique. North, 
Arte (eft), is obliged. 
Artex, compelled. 
Articlarie, artillery. 
Artus, Arthur. 
As, to^ into^ aniongft. 
As fiens, and his. 
As utaves, on the oElaves. 
Afalr, afaiu, cjfault. 
Afaumple, an example or 

precedent. 
Afaudre, to abfohe. 
Aicaventer, to certify or 

make kno-ivn. 
Afchoifounez, called in 

qiiejlion. 



A S 

Afcavolre, to he underjlood, 

Afcenfement, agreement. 

Afcent, ajfent^ knowledge. 

Afcerchez, fearched, 

Alcerte, certified. 

Afceverer, to affirm. 

Afcient (qui a), who know- 
ingly. 

Afcunement, in any wife ; 
fome of. 

Afcurrons, we affure, 

Afierent, belong. 

Afolcs, wounded. 

Afols, fatisfied. 

Afoudre, to ahfolve. 

Afout, abfolved. 

Afoyne, afone, ejfo^n. 

Afperfe, difperfcd. 

Afpertee, afprete, by rough 
meafures^ by force. 

Arprement, roughly. 

A feet, afllete, offignment. 

Afeir, to fit. 

Afelees, fealed. 

Ales, affeffed. 

Alquus, y2;w^. 

Afs (1'), the affe. 

Alia, Jfaph. 

Aflach, a coinpurgation by 
300 men. 

Aflkeroms, will attempt. 

AfTaiants, affifting, 

AITaiant de tiarneis, tryiiv^, 
or fitting on of armour. 

Afiaie (en), on trial. 

Aflait, aficit, affert. 

/•.iTaiicTont, ajfault, or fet 



upon. 



Aflaver 



A S 

AiTaver 3 mois, 3 months 

notice, 
Aflavoir, certify. 
AfTay, aflaye, endeavoured, 
A flees, a woodcock, 
Afltge, bejieges. 
Aflemble, a collection* 
Aflembler, to meet, 
Aflemblee, an union* 
Aflembleement, meeting* 
AfTemle, together* 
AfTener, to ajfign* 
Aflenoms, aJfign^ appoint* 
Aflcnne, ajfignment, fup- 

port^ portion. 
Aflent, fome thing to fit 

upon* 
Aflentement, confent, 
Afl!entui en judgement, 
joined in ijjue, in judge- 
ments. 
AfTeours, afTcont, ajfejfors^ 

ajefs. 
Afleourez, made fafe. 
Aflequrer, to ajfure, make 

certain. 
Afler, afleer, alTeoir, to 
fettle, fix, a/certain, af- 
fefs^ keep. 
Affert (d'j, to certify. 
A^Qxit,furety. 
Aficr (d'}, withjliel. 
A^zSyfet up^ put up. 
AfTes (1*), conjun^lion, con- 
currence . 
Aflcfaunce (a la), at the 

ajfeffing. 
Afiefibrs, abettors* 



A T 



19 



Aflerera, will affure, maki 

fure* 
Aflere, drained. 
Afleyly, ajfaulted. 
Aflez, afeez, affetz, af- 

fietz, aflau, enough. 
Aflez affer, enough to do* 
Afliette, aflbir, ajfejfment, 

tax* 
Afljgniers, afllnez, af/ign' 

ed. 
Aflis, fituated. 
Afllfe en ore, y^/ in gold* 
Aflis (jour), day appointed 

or fixed. 
Afllfes, afllflerent,y^/, ap^ 

pointed. 
Afliduelment, confiantly* 
Aflieore, to profecute. 
Afllz, fit. 
Afiys, appointed, affeered^ 

affeffed. 
Aflbagcr, to comfort. 
Aflbigne, effoyn, excufe. 
Aflbil, abfohe. ' 
Aifoyl (qe Dieu), on "jjhoni 
God have 'mercy, pardon* 
Aflfoilent, le aflbilent, pu- 

mjlo. 
Aflbir, to hefiege. 
Aflblloms, "ive abfohe. 
Affommes, adjujied. 
Aflbndre (pour), de af- 
fouldre, to abfohe, to 
acquit. 
Aflbub, alTouth, aflbus, 
acquitted, difcharged^ re- 
fohed, 
C 2 AfTurrer, 



20 



A T 



Aflurrer (d'), to ejfay. 
Alfure (!'), the certain, 
AiTurrera, and ivill cjfure, 

covenant. 
Allallation fl'), the injlal- 

la t ion, 
Aihte, ejlule, condition. 
Aiterlabs dor, an ajiro- 
iabe of goidy an inftru- 
ment to tnake ajironomic 
obfervatio'ns, 
Aftonbz, tin. 
Ailraint, aftruclz, aftrlflz, 

conjlrained, bound. 
Ailraignons, to bind. 
Aftrc, a hall. 
Aftre, aiftre, a hearth. 
Aftrer (home), aftrier, a, 
man refident, a villein 
born in a houfe of the 
lord's. 
Aftres (trcftoLiz le), all 

the hcufeSyfire hearths. 
Aftrus, hidden, difficult. 
Aftuche ( j'), / conjeclure. 
At, hath. 
At, and. 

Atachiee, affixed, annexed. 
Atanys, atlaimcd^ convi^- 

ed. 
A tat, efiaie, pur chafe. 
Atauntz, atantz, fo 'inany. 
Ateigne pas, dees not come 

to. 
Ateignent, which belong 

to. 
Ateindre jekes a oens, get 
at tkcrn. 



Ateu 



A T 



einr, amount. 
Ateinz, attainted. 
Atcivament, effe£luaUy. 
Atendre (e lit), and let it 

be itnderfiood. 
A tent, atteiids. 
Atentc, atendre, waiting. 
Atient, ex^ind. 
Atornez (a co), appointed 

for that purpofe. 
Atrait a notre obeilTance, 
draivn to our obedience. 
At ret, drawn afide. 
Atreys, other. 
Atreent (ne), do not draw. 
Attacher, to attack, take 

place. 
Attacher fon appeal, to 
commence, to profecute 
his appeal. 
Attach {(t), attached, come 

upon. 
Attachcnt, buying. 
Attaindre, underjiand. 
Attaine, brought, commenc- 
ed, fei zed on. 
Attainables, to be com- 
menced. 
Attainables (nient), are 

net to be brought. 
Attaine (caufc), caufe at- 
tached. 
Attainer fa adicn, to. com- 
mence his aoiion. 
Attainre (fil ne puiffe) de 
jjrovcr fa pleine, // he 
cannot proceed to prove 
his plaifit, 
I Attaintes, 



A T 

Attaintes pur ferfs, found 

by verdicl to be viluiins, 
Attame, attamcned, com- 

mencedy attached. 
Attanners, untanned. 
Aitant (pour) de temp, 

for Jo long a time, 
Attauntz de noetz, as 

many nights. 
Attayner, treat offhew. 
Atteindre, to attaint, con- 

vi^y conviction 
Atteinfifl (il), he had ac- 

cufedy impeached. 
Atteint, attaint, convicted, 

found guilty , adjudg ed. 
Atteintable (n'eft), is not 

to be attainted^ 
Atteint, atteyntz, proved. 
Atteinz, attaints. 
Atteindre (eux), to conviB 

them. 
Atteindre (p^ir), to attain, 

obtain. 
Atteindre (fi le tenant Ic 

vol lie, if the tenf.nt will 

abide thereby. 
Atteinoit (luy) a grant 

aleur, met him "ueith a 

great train. 
Atteignalmcnt,atciramcnt, 

atteynemenc, atteynau- 

ment, effeBually^fircnu- 

ouftyy remain j or ever. 
Atrcignent (le), are cor.i- 

niitted. 
Atteynours, perfons who 

sre to attaint the jurors. 



A T 



21 



Atteynr, atteinte, an at- 
taint. 

Atteynt de faufe pleyne, 
co7ivi5ied of havi'f!g made 
a falje plaint. 

Attemprement, interpre- 
tation. 

Attemptates (pur), for at- 
tempts. 

Attend ront a nos, they 
fhall be fubjeB to us. 

Attentiflent (s'), Jhouid be 
tried. 

Attent (come), as they 
ought to have done. 

Atterminement, rcfpite, 
adjournment y at termina- 
tion. 

Atterminez, determinable, 
refpited. 

Atterminez ('dettez),^d'<^^.f, 
for the payment of which 
certain times -were af- 
Jigncd; a?id thofe were 
calledy debita attcrnii- 
nara. 

Attiegnent, atrient, hdong. 

Attier, appointed. 

Attiles des;, the jl ores. 

Atrilmeniz (!'), thcftiing 
out. 

Attirablc, radkatci, ■-:;a/?. 



■'■j- 



ed 



Atrirent (les), turn them. 
Attires (lij. fo treated. 
A [titles, nffi'^hed. 
y^ttyrer, i-j pro-vide. 
Attyres (mal), itlrep.^.ircd. 
C 2 Attortc, 



22 A V 

Attorte, raifedycontrlbuted. 

Attonrnanccs, attornments. 

Attourncra,^^// ajfign, 

Actournons, 'attorneys. 

Attraie a lui, claims it ta 
himfelfy pretends title 
thereto. 

Attraire, to dravj. 

Attrapper, to catch. 

Attrenche, refpited, re- 
verfcd. 

Atcrench (tout), entirely* 

Attrer, dravjs. 

Attret, treaty. 

Attreztrent, draw, drew. 

Attrot, confent. 

AttroiftrCj to revoke, with- 
draw. 

An, /d?, or, have, had. 

Avabler, to deceive. 

Ava fait, had made. 

Avage k "Seigneur, let the 
Lord gQ. 

Avail, lower \ as tenant 
para vail is the lowejl 
tenant, or he who is fiip- 
pofed to make avail, or 
profit of the lord. 

Availe, advantage, benefit, 
profit. 

Aval, below. 

Aval (va) la rue, goes 
down the fireet. 

Avant ((]ue vint), avale 
del pounc de Flcte, 
iihich runs down by 
Fleet-bridge. 

Avalaunr, defc ending. 



A V 

Avale, lowered, projlr at edt 
Avale (price), price lowr 

ered. 
Avallee, abafed, humbled. 
Avallcr leur trefs, to lower 

their flags. 
Avanchant (eux), proteSfr 

ing themfehes, 
Avant (de), before. 
Avant (auxi), ^j well. 
Avant (iflint), y^ on. 
Avant (en), hence for' 

wards. 
Avant (fulll:), hefuedforth^ 
Avans, having. 
Avaunt (quil foint), that 

they are proceeding on 

the bufinefs. 
Avant (ne foit pluis) fait, 

be no more done. 
Avanfoier, to advance. 
Avanthier, the day before^ 

or yefterday. 
Avantures, happening, mif- 

chances. 
Avanture (d'), par avcn- 

tera, perchance^ perhaps. 
Avantui'e (en), for fear, 

lefi there fijoidd be occa- 
fion for. 
Avanture (faire), caufe to 

be fcifed. 
Avantures (pur faire), to 

recover. 
Avaunt, forthcoming. 
A vau n t m cy n , before hand. 
Avaunt (plus), more fully . 
Avayncr, Avenor. 

Auban 



A U 

Auban (St.) Sf, Alban. 

Aubelaftiers, Jlingers. 

Aubienc, an alien, a fo- 
reigner, 

Aucon, fome. 

Aiidor, I. s au(ftours, ibe 
plaintijfs. 

Audant, imagining. 

Audcinoiieant, putting in 
mind. 

Audiens, to he heard, 

Audions (ne) mic, did not 
imagine* 

And rem an tz, aldermen, 

Ave, with, 

Ave, a goof e, 

Avene nous, come to us. 

Avecent, who have. 

Aveer, to avow, acknow- 
ledge. 

Avegler, to blindfold. 

Aveir, av^r, avene, avere, ' 
to have, 

Aveir efcut, refcued cat- 
tle, 

Aveir (mettre), y^/ forih. 

Aveir (per), through ava- 
rice; alfo^ through fear » 

Aveic (11 ni) pas, there is 
not. 

Aveigne, avenent, hap- 
pens. 

Aveigna pryvy (come il), 
how he become th privy. 

Aveigne (iufFilant), ftff- 
cient^ inderjii.ity. 

AvcigneiiC (krjcant del), 



A U 



-3 



ferjeant of the avary, the 
officer who is to provide 
oats i^c. for the ling's 
horfes. Minfoew, Or, 
according tojome, Avury 
fignifics a poulterer, f I om 
A' larius. See Minfh, 
l^oukcrer. 

AveigniiLiit :>1), to the 
value. 

AvelJ, plucked from, tern 
of 

Aver.ablc, reafonablc, ct^n- 

VCnlL-A, 

Avenant, 'jalue^ -price. 
Avenant, to Curne from. 
Avenant (plus;, '/r.ure rna- 

terial. 
Avenantement, avenau- 

ment, anfwerably, pro- 
perly. 
Avenaunte mefure (de), 

of a proportionable fze. 
Avenaunt foun (a), in Us 

Jlead. 
Avenage, pent oats. 
Aveuc ce, avenrjues clie, 

moreover . bcf.dss this. 
A ven d re z , fh dl az er, f all 

be adr,>:tt£d. 
Avene, the river Avon. 
Avener, get fnffejfmn (f. 
Avener (devezi, ought to 

b' admitted, allowed. 
Avcn (a ceo ne poier.t ils"), 

they may not be admitted 

thereto, 
C 4 Avenoni, 



24 



A V 



Avenont, having. 
Avenor, the king's officer 

to provide oats. 
Avens, penthoufes. 
Avenfit, avenoit, avenge, 

happened. 
Aventera (par), by chance, 
Aventurous, cajual, con- 
tingent. 
Aventeroufement, hy mif- 

chance. 
Avenues (facont lour), 
make their entrance^ ad- 
vance, co?2gees. 
Avenuz (il eft), he is come 
to, become intitled to, 
admitted to. 
Avers, aver, avier, money, 

effeBs, goods. 
Aver, avor, ave, cattle. 
Avere, averuft (en), /;/ 

dctiht. 
Avcrill, April. 
Avcrioms, Jhall have, 

having. 
Averroir, avraiettre, would 

have, 
Averreier (veuille), ivill 

aver. 
Avefqe, biJJjop. 
Avcigne, aveignes, oats. 
A vide, greedy. 
Avient Cq il y), that it 

came to him. 
Avic-iitilcmcnt, avoiding, 

nnnuUinz. 
Avjctz, yci have. 



A U 

Avilee, rendered vile, 
Avint, ;■/ came to pafs. 
Aviranccs, protejlations, 
adjurations j alfo eju- 
rations. 

Avifcera, Jhall add. 

Avifcement, addition, 

Avifer, to advife, deter- 
mine. 

Avifementz, determina- 
tions, difcretion, 

Avifement (en), to advife 
about. 

Avini, avifi, alfo. 

Avis (vient), laid open, 

Avit, habit. 

Avium, we had. 

Aviz, advice, the opi- 
nion, 

Aufcrence, taking away. 

Auge, a trough. 

Augunes genez, fome peo- 
pie. 

A u gu ri m , foretelling, 

Auke, any. 

A u k e w a rd , backward. 

Aule, a hall. 

Aulm, au me, /?/!;/. 

Aulment, elfezvhere, 

Aultont (d'}, moreover. 

Aume fome (d'), voilh 
fo?ne fum. 

A u men till, removed. 

Aumcyne, aumoingc, at 
leaft. 

Auniones, alms. 

AuncelTerie, 



A V 

Aunceflerie, auncejiry, 
Aune, inned. 
Aunes, ounces, 
Auncsy yards, ells. 
Auner (dras), fo meafure 

an ell of cloth. 
Aunkrer, anchorage. 
Aunoi, an alder. 
Aunz, auntz, years. 
Avoec, auveqs, avoet, 

avoeckes, with* 
Avoer, to have. 
Avoefon, avouefon (1'), 
the patronage, advow- 
fon, foundation. 
Avoerie (dc 1'), of thead- 

vowfon. 
hsoQ. (d* lour), of their 

patron, lords. 
Avoir, avoyer, a fum of 
money, goods, effcBs, 
ejlate,fubftance, debt. 
Avoir (d'), of the 7neans, 

ability. 
Avow {V)^ the wealth. 
Avoir de pois, any bulky 

commodities. 
Avoir (de corps et d'), 
with their bodies and 
goods. 
Avoir (pur d'), out of 

greedinefs. 
Avoir (gencz de petit), 
perjons of fmall fubflance 
or froperty. 
Avoirs, avoint, had. 
Avoics (his), lay patrons. 



A U 



25 



Avoiers (des), of the 

avowants. 
Avolfont, pluck off. ' 
Avomps, we have. 
Avonus ufe, have ufed, 
Avotours des playntes, 
hearers of petitions , com' 
plaints. 
Avouchez, advocates, 
Avovers, avowers. 
Avouerie (par), by alloW' 

ance of, by avowal of. 
Avoueynt (s'il), whether 

they avowed. 
Avoues (les), the founders, 
Avour (d'), to have. 
Avoutir, adulterer. 
Avoutrie, adultery. 
Avowa, owned. 
A vowable, jujlifiable, 
Avowe, advowee, a pa^ 

tron, founder. 
Avowelon (d'autre), of an- 
other's foundation. 
Avower, to challenge. 
Avoye fet lui, had been 

done to him. 
Avoyer, patronage. 
Avoytaunt, adding to. 
Avoytes, have put forth. 
Auplieies, employed. 
Auqiies, alfo, now. 
Aurees (d'), other things^ 

goods. 
Anrel, auril, avril, auril- 

leux, April. 
Aurenoef, the new year. 
Aures, 



«6 A U 

Aures, auricls, ears, 

Auriens, have. 

Aurun, will have, ohferve, 

Aus, to us. 

A us, auts, others. 

Aus (d'), of them, 

Aufinr, aufinc, auflln, au- 

fuit, auibys, aufieu, alfo^ 

in this manner. 
Aufint come, as well as. 
Aulbms (ni), we dare not, 
Auil, autumn, 
Aufl.er> hearth, chimney. 
Aufth, Auguji. 
Auftour, a goJ}ja''J!jk, 
Aut, kt him go. 
Aut come je puis, as much 

as I can, 
Auter, an altar. 
Aurcr (fur haut *), en the 

high altar. 
Antel, the like. 
Autour, the anther, maker. 
Autrccloth, an altar cloth. 
Autrefez, at other times. 
Autrcm, I'autrin biens, 

the goods of others. 
Autreouie, other-iuife, 
Aucrev crem, grant. 
Autre ii bicn, as i;;ell as, 

likfzvijc. 
Autrefi come, as if. 
Autrciint, likeiv/fe. 
Autretaiit, as much. 
Auvablcment, ejfeclually. 
ACvcrc, auvcr, to have. 



A Y 

Avultere (l*), the aduU 

terer, 
Avultu,/</r one year.. 
Aviife, had. 
Avyne, happen. 
Avyce, advice, caufe, 
Avynein, Avignon, 
Avys, have. 
Auxienes, any, 
Auxinc, and, whereas, alfo. 
Auxi toult, as foon as. 
Awaite, ambu/hments, 
Awant le quart degre, he- 
fore the fourth degree is 

paffed. 
Awe, who bad. 
Awe, a goof e, 
Aweit, crimes committed by 

await, 
Awen, the current year. 
Awenours, owners. 
Awer, Awoure, fufpcnfe, 

d'juht. 
Awereftee,awerouft,(^o«/'/, 

ambiguity, uncertainty. 
Awes, waters. 
Awcy, avowed., confejfcd. 
Awooil. ylugujl. 
Axics, alfo. 
Ay, with. 
Ay, over. 
Aydonqes, then. 
A\e (a r dt Dieu), with 

God's afjijlance. 
Ayele, grandmother^ 
Aver, heir. 
Ayl, yes. 



* Sir M. M;ile's 'vIS. — No; 1\ih:^ »s Rot. i"';.r'. vol. ii. p. 205. 

Ayle, 



B A 

Ayle, grandfather. 
Aylu-nont, they put off or 

defer. 
Ay lours, bejides, elfewbere, 

otherijoife. 
Aymez, ejleemed. 
Ayn degre, own confent. 
Ayne o famne, an afs with 

a load. 
Ayr, choler, wrath, anger., 
Ayre (!'), them. 
Ayrer, to plow. 
Ayront, Jhall build their 

neji^ or breed. 
Ay teles, to fucb. 
Az (r de foye), a filk 

lace, 

BA, baa, Bath. 
Baailler, to gape or 
yawn. 

Babe, Elizabeth, 

Bacelce, bacelete, bace- 
lote, a damfel, 

Baceyes, pearls, . 

Bacha, a calf. 

Eachelereux, hardy^ ad- 
venturous, 

Bachilicr, bachiler, a hat- 
chelor, a young efquirey 
a knight. 

Bacins, bafcins, bafons. 

Badel, a beadle. 

Badile, vanity, boldnefs. 

Baes priie, loiv price, 

Bage, a bag, a coffer. 

Bagnes, baggage. 



B A 



27 



Hague, a reward^ bribe, 
Bahuz, chejlsy cloak bags, 
Bailes, bailiwicks. 
Baillolf, Baliol. 
Bail de feifine, livery of 

Jeifin. 
Bailement (le), the lending. 
Baillaft arrere, delivered 

back. 
Bailler, to let forth, to lenJy 

to deliver. 
Bailleu, delivered. 
BaiUifFdemeyntr, his own 

delivery. 
Baillons, we allow, 
B.iillye, a bailliwick, 
Bailours, fureties. 
BailTcr, to humble, 
Baifler le tete, to bow the 

head. 
Balaunce, fufpence. 
Bale, ball, a pack, a bale, 
Balcne, balen, a ijrjsile. 
Baiefeitz, baillaitz pctits, 

fmall ruby balais. 
Baley, a broom, befom. 
Balhier, balhlf, bailiff. 
B a ! h en t, /-6^ bailiffs accompt, 
Balinguee, advifed, care- 

fut. _ " 

Ballots, little packs. 
Ban, outlawry^ banifloment, 
Bande, delivers. 
Bander, to tye^ to bind. 
Banderount luis, fhait ds- 

liver up. 
Bandoner, to leave. 

Ba.idor, 



zS 



B A 



Bandon, kft to one/elf, 
Bandour, boldnefs, courage, 

audacioufnefs , 
Bancres, knight bannerets^ 

bannen, 
Baner dcfpleye, with ban- 
ner difplayed* 
Banky, benrh. 
Bannier, a -public cryer, 
Banny, fent^ 
Bannys, thofe that are ba- 

niJrJtdf outlaws. 
Banoors, baneours, ban- 

wr bearers. 
Barat, deceit, fubtiltyy 

wrangling. 
Bar handier, a brewer, 
BarDicans, bulwarks, out- 

•ivorks. 
Bar.-^its, barbyts, JJjeep. 
Barder kins, to beard 

vjool. 
Earein, barren. 
Barel d' or, a little bar of 

gold. 
Bares, at harrs, a game fo 

called. 
Baret, fir if e. 
Barevs, caves. 
Barges (Ics), 
Barils, barrels. 
Barnac tr, baronage^ the body 

of the DtoI/iUiy. 
Baron, huflmnd. 
Barrcaux, barrcz, larrs or 

grates. 
Birroi" vch, Berzi-ick, 
Burs, bargains. 



B A 

Bartheu, Bartholomew. 
Bas cur, an out yard. 
Bafe meafon, low room. 
Bafilique, a royal palace, 
BaQard, Luckier. 
Bafleur, lowlinefs, fci^ni- 

liarity. 
Baffinet, bafinet, bacinet, 

helmet. 
Baft, a pack faddle. 
Baltaiit, bcftanr, beftent, 

difpute, procefs., conteji, 

litigation. 
Baftes, convenient. 
Baltiment, bafTment, a 

building. 
Baftile, battered. 
Baflon de Fleet, a tipflaff 

of the Fleet. 
Bafyns, bafcins, bafons. 
Batanr, batement, batture, 

beating. 
Bacer, battre, batter, to 

beat. 
Barer bledz, to threflj corn. 
Bateux, 'batails, battels, 

batecves, batelx, boats., 

barges. 
Batraunc, beating.^ ajfault- 

ing. 
BaLiiz, be.Ucn^ hammered 

to pieces. 
Battaiiicrs, combatants, 

•ivurriors. 
Bau'^ant, ycUczv. 
Baiiceant, L^auccnt, a pa- 



villicn. 



Bauciant, 



B E 

Bauciant, baucent, a fpy^ 

an informer. 
Baudemcnt, fairly^ mer- 
rily, 
Baudour, to the encourage- 

ment. 
Baudra, Jhall deliver up, 
Baudra (li), Jhall take to 

himfelf. 
Baudront, Jhall deliver, 

give. 
Baudroyeur, a currier. 
Baudure, courage, be em- 
boldened, 
Baut, lets. 
Bayle de Lincoln, the bail 

of Lincoln. 
Bayler, to deliver, 
Beal, well, better, fair, 

handfome, la'-jjful, gocd, 
Beance, intention, defire, 

hope. 
Beance, beiance (en), in 

expectation of. 
Beat, blejjed. 
Beaudes, bold, emboldens. 
Beau luy eft, tis well for 

him. 
Beaumers, the Bohemians. 
Beawme (roy), king of 

Bohemia. 
Beddes, beds, pieces of 

zvorfied. 
Bedel, a cahe. 
Beeves, oxen. 
Beins, goods. 



B E 29 

Beiftes, beajis, cattle. 

Bejiire, drink, 

Bekenes, beacons. 

Beiance, balance. 

Bele, handfome, in healths 

Belement, fairly* 

Beliftrer, to beg. 

Bern, well, 

Berne, Bohemia. 

Ben, welfare, 

Ben pleider, for beau 

pleader, for amendment 

of a vicious plea. 
Bene, well. 

Bene, ben (fi), as well. 
Bene en tour, well near, 

almojl. 
Benoit, benediSf, 
Bens, benez,benes,bendc5, 

goods. 
Beof, an ox, 
Beogaunt, begging, 
Beoms, infread. 
Beovier, a neat herd. 
Beoure, to drink. 
Berbrees, bcxh^is, Jheep, 
Berce, a cradU. 
Bercher, a fJjepherd. 
Bercherie, a barkary, of 

tanhoufe. 
Bercil, a fbeepfold, 
Berc, beer. 
Bere, tczvards. 
Berkkiir, Bcrhfnire. 
EcrlUiTer, a grfh. 
Bers, biers, baron:. 

Bers 



30 B I 

Bers (a nobles)^ to the m- 

ble haronSy lords, per- 

fonages. 
Bery, the chief feat of a 

manor. 
Bcfche, inqueji, 
Befchcr, to dig. 
Befele, befleez, befiletz, 

embezzled. 
Befer, to kifs. 
Befon, befom, hujinefs, oc- 

cafion^ neceffity^ behcv- 

etb. 
Befoigne (plus fage), a 

wifer Jlep. 
Beftall, beltiairies, beajis, 

or cattle of any fort. 
BcfteZj bellies, beafs. 
Beftourne, turned out of its 

courfe. 
Beti, betie, Elizabeth. 
Beverer, a ivatering place. 
Be u pleid c r, fair pleading. 
Be life, a ividoiu. 
Beutre, butter. 
Beuverie, drunkennefs. 
Beyfes, kiffed. 
Beyver, drinking. 
Biaus fiez, good fou. 
Biche, a hind, 
Bien voulu, tenderly loved. 
Bien (de) et de mal, zvhe- 

ther innocent or guilty. 
Bicnke, very well. 
Biens, bie, intend. 
Biers nobles, noble perfons. 
Pjimie, a fhe goat, 
Biic, a hll. 



B L- 

Bille, a labels or note of 
the value of a thing. 

Bioms, biens, intend. 

Bions, effects. 

Bis, bread or bifcuit. 

Bifle, a female fnake. 

Blake rode, the black crofs. 

Blam i fcmen t, infringement ^ 
prejudice, 

Blanches paroles, fair 
fpeeches. 

Blanc gaunt, a white 
glove. 

Blanc (5I.) i. e. the king^s 
fcrmor was to pay either 
5/. 5J. or to fubmit his 
money to the tejl of the 
fire, and thereby make 
good the 5/. in fine fil- 
ver. 

Blafme et diffame, blamed 
and defamed. 

Blauncheours, blanchers^ 
whiteners, tawers offldns. 

Ble, corn. 

Blccr, to fow, to put the 
Jccd into the ground. 

Biein, full. 

Blemifh, blefmys, broken. 

Blemirtiment (en), to the 
prejudice^ infringement. 

BlemifTement (fans nul), 
without any infringe- 
ment, diminution, 

Elcmure, a disfigurement. 

Blefme, pale, bleak, 

BleiBes, damaged, injured. 
Blelter, 



' B O 

Bleft€r, to fare, 

Bloy, bloie, hltte, 

Boces d'argenr, boffcs, 
Jiuds of filver. 

Bochers, butchers, 

Boeitz, Gxen. 

Boidrai, / will give, de- 
liver, 

Boiens genz, good people. 

Boillant eaw, fcalding wa- 
ter, 

Boilles ou brafes, tem- 
pered. 

Boillure, bullary for mak- 
ing fait. 

Boi0eau, a bufhel, 

Boide, boift, a box. 

Bolvre, t<i drink. 

Bojeaux, entrails. 

Bok, Buckingham. 

Bokuyler, buckler^ 

Bond, limited. 

Bondages, bond tenants. 

Bondes, les bondes, an in- 
ferior order of free men. 

Bonemenc purra, wellmny. 

Bonnes, bounds. 

Bonnoizcn, blejfmg. 

Boon, good. 

]5oord, at board. 

Bore, bors, bos, a vVla^e. 

Bore, borth (ii), the bo- 
roughs. 

ibrdeaus, ftcz-js, brothel- 
hcufes. 

Bordcll d' femmcs lovees, 
a brothel ho'ifc for tro- 
ilitutes. 



B O 31 

Bord, on board. 

Bordes, lies, tales. 

Bordez, boards. 

Borifalderes, borough-hol- 
ders. 

Bos, bofe, a wood. 

Bofel, a bufhel. 

Bofoinera, /V fball be ne- 
cejfary, 

Bolbn, a buckler. 

Hot, bod, the extrc7nltyy 
the end. 

Bote, aid, help, amends^ 
advantage. 

Bote, put. 

Bota (fe), pui himfelf, 

Boteaux, loots. 

Bote et efpernonne, hooted 
and fpurrcd. 

Boter, bouter, to fet fvrs 
to. 

Botez devant le Roy, laid 
before the kinz. 

Botier, to put. 

Botons, buttons, buds. 

Boucher, to flop. 

Boucher, to fpeak. 

Bouch au eour, an allow- 
ance of diet at the kings 
or a great lord's table. 

Bouch icr, a butcher. 

Boud (au), at the end. 

Bougcr.j to budge. 

Bougecns, bouges, ar- 
rczis. 

Bougrf, futil. 

BougC'S, bongcs, budgets. 

Bounc, a bc:r:d.7ry. 

Bourifas, 



32 



B R 



Bounifas, Boniface, 
Bountee, bountez, good- 

nefs, 
Bountent)ufe, bounteous^ 

bountifuL 
Bourchemefter, burgomaf- 

ter. 
Bourdick, boures, tbefirjl 

Sunday in Lent, 
BoLirg, a baftard. 
Bourgeflbrs, burglars, 
Bonfe, purfe. 
Boufquelier, a woodman, 
Boufleaiix, hujhels. 
Bout feu, an incendiary. 
Bouce dc la table, end of 

the table, 
Bouter avaunt, produce, 

put forth. 
Bouter hors, to put out. 
Boutent (fe), put them- 

felves. 
]Bouticari, an apothecary. 
Boverie de terie, an ox- 
gang of land. 
Boviller, to boil. 
Boyance, expeSlation. 
Boyefte, boyette, a box. 
Boy u re, drink. 
Brace, a lance. 
Brace de la meer, an arm 

of the fea. 
Brace et vendu, brewed 

and fold, 
Brachel, breeches, 
Bracliile, a bracelet. 



BR : 

Braces, brachies, brache#, 

les bras, arms. 
Bracer, to brew, 
Bracerefies, braceraffes, 

brewers. 
Braceurs des querells, bra' 

cers, or embraceors of 

quarrels, 
Braconer, a hunter, 
Bracyne, a brewing, 
Braez deftr', right arm, 
Bragardjbragueur, aflant- 

ing, bragging, fwagger- 

ing p erf on, 
Brair, to cry^ to brag. 
Branch ies, branches. 
Brant, burned. 
Bravement, fine. 
Brau, a bull, 
Braudeflers, brouderers,. 

embroiderers. 
Braul, a brawl. 
BrauQe (en), in confufion. 
Brayard, a cryer. 
Brayes, brciz, brees, malt, 

bread y corn. 
Bre, pitch. 

Brecatages, breaches. 
Breche, an arm. 
Brede, embroidered. 
Breer, brewing. 
Bref jor, a fhort day, 
Bref (deinz), fhortly. 
Brefte, Jhortnefs. 
Bregheynok, Brecknock. 
Brek, breche, a breach or 

gap, 

Bren, 



B R 

Bren, ^r^?». 

Brefline, a mill to grind 

malt. 
Bretagcs, battlements. 
Bretemeuil, Bartholomew. 
Brevi, in brief. 
Brider, to bridle. 
Bries, brieves, iirits. 
Brieve (deinz), in ajhort 

time. 
Brigain> contention. 
Brige, quarrel, diffute,faC' 

ticn. 
Briqueterie, brickwork* 
Erifie, broken. 
Br i ft u it, Brijiol. 
Brifure, a Jlight fear. 
Britafl^, a fortrefs with 

battlements. 
Bro, a dijtri^ij a field. 
Broche, a lance, a jieedkj 

a packing needle. 
Broches,_//)/Vj, gallons. 
Brocha perniy le corps, 

run through the body. 
Brode, brood. 
Broggours, broggage, 

brokers, brokage. 
Brofe, canceled. 
Bru, a noife. 
Brudiz, edged, bordered. 
Briier, brezving. 
Bruere, heath. 
Brug, brugc, a bridge. 
Brule, a purfe or pocket. 
Brufe, broken into. 
Brufey, heath ground* 



B U 



33 



Brufq, green* 

Bruiure de pountz, break' 

ing down of bridges, 
Buant, a bull, bulling j alfo 

drinking. 
Euche, underwood, brufh- 

wood. 
Buclie, utters, fpcaks. 
Buche (de), by word of 

mcu'h. 
Buer, to wrfh* 
Ikies, biiez, bouez, oxeru 
Buffe, a blow. 
Bugge, badger. 
Bullions, thickets, woody 

places. 
Buizart, a kite^ buzzard* 
Eultel, a boulting feve* 
Bulter, a bolter orjieve* 
Bundes, bounds, limits* 
Bure, butter. 
Burge, a purfe. 
Burgerie, burglary. 
Bulge (Tours, burglar ers, 

houfebreakers, burglars, 

alfo incendiaries. 
Burgh a Id, boroughold. 
VturgQns,fhrubs. 
Burlyng, burling of cloth* 
Burre, a vejfel. 
Burt, borough. 
Bufle, a pope's bull. 
BuiTel, a bufhel, a mea- 

fure. 
Bulbignes, bujinefs. 
Bufoignabks, neceffary, 

convenient, 
D Bulbig- 



34 



C A 



Bufoignoufes, the necejfi- 

tous, 
Bufoin, bufun, befonche, 

occafion^ need, 
Bufluns, bujhes. 
Buteront fcuz, Jhall fet 

fire to, 
Butiner, to divide the 

plunder. 
Buzac, a kite. 
By an, to dwell, 
"Bye, thinks, intends,. 
Byli, bill. 
Bynd des anguilles, a bind 

of eels, 
Byron (courts de), courts 

baron. 
Byfle, biflie, a kind offilk. 

Cae, caufe^ cafe, gift. 
ca et la, here and 

there ^ hither and thither. 
Cher, to be fearched, 
Chres, charters, 
Cliun, every, 
'Coins, counzance, confef 

fion. 
c teinte, the feiftn. 
Cii, as. 
Ciibeletz, caables, trees 

blown downy branches of 

trees rent down, 
Cabeftrc, a headftall. 
Cibiicia, hrowfe or brufjj- 

wood. 
Cab re, a goat. 
Cachereau, a bailiff. 
Cachereau, cbartulary. 



C A 

Cachet, ajignet or feal, 

Cadeloyne, Catalonia, 

Cadene, a chain. 

Cadiere, a chair, 

Cadonqes, tbat, then, 

Cagne, a dog. 

Calabrc (de), furr of Ca- 
laber, a little beaft about 
the ffzje of a fquirrel. 

Calamay, Candolaire, Can- 
dlemafs day. 

Calenge, an accufation, 

Calenon, Chrijlmas. 

Caler, to hold one's tongue, 

Callay, a caufey, 

Camaen blank, a white 
camea, 

Cambe, cambage, brew- 
houfe. 

Camber, a brewer. 

Cambre, a chamber. 

Cambre, cieled, vaulted. 

C'apaine, bell. 

Campaignc del roy, the 
queen confort. 

Campeftres, paftures. 

Canal, a kennel-, a chan- 
nel. 

Canape, hemp. 

Candalle, Kendal 

Candeliere, Candlemafs- 
day. 

Canes et foreftez, huoods 
and forefls. '/ 

Canez, canes, kcynes, oaks, 

Cangier, to change. 

Canibe, hemp. 

Canonlzele 



C A 

Canonizele efcrite, canon 
law. 

Cans, dogs. 

Cap, the head, 

Capage, a pole tax. 

Capes, Capua. 

Capiele, chapel. 

Captal, a captain, a chief, 
a feigneur, 

C aquet, prattling, fcolding. 

Carca, loaded. 

Carcas, carkoys, a quiver. 

Cardoil, Carlijle. 

Cardonel, a Cardinal, 

Cardours,cardore0es, car- 
ders, 

Carerl, carriages, 

Cargie, loaded, charged, 

Cargues, charges. 

Carkerent, inquired of, 

Carkes, compelled, 

Carkoys, a majl^ a car- 
cafs. 

Carme ou garme, the 
verfes and fongs which 
the bards fling before an 
engagement, to animate 
the troops. 

Camels amis, bofom friends. 

Carpos de I'alliance, the 
articles of the alliance. 

Carruweez, carves. 

Carfe ^, perhaps. 

Caruer, plowman, 

Carwe dc terre, one plow 
land. 

Cas d'argent, a cafe of 
/liver. 



C A 



35 



Cas dc frument, a heap 

or load of wheat, 
Cas (en lur), in their per- 

fons, 
Cafcun, any one, each. 
Cafe, a cottage, a houfe. 
Cafe eins (per), but, and 

in cafe. 
Cafe (en), infome, infucb 

cafes, 
Caflable, voidable. 
CafTe de b\<::c,Jlack of corn, 
CafiTes, cafes, 
Catal, moveables of any 

kind. 
Cateau, a cajile. 
Catoour, one who belongs 

to the acatry. 
Caver, a knight. 
Caver re, plough, 
Cauceage, tollpaid towards 

repairing caufeways. 
Cauccs, caufies, caufeys 

or caufeways. 
Cannt, when. 
Caufa (a), by reafon of, 
Caufeours, caufers, the oc- 

cafion of. 
Caufer, to caufe. 
Cautels, warnings. 
Cautelle, craft, guilt, 
Caux, ceiix, thofe, 
Cauxion, caution, furety^ 
Cayer, affixed. 
Cayers (les fain6ls), the 

facred page, text. 
Cavon, a grandfather. 

D z Cc, 



36 



Cfe 



Ce, ceo, cetty, cecy, ccl, 
^ celuy, this^ that, ihefcy 
be^ hinty here. 

Ceans, here^ within. 

Cea, it. 

Cea (jefques en), to this 
time. 

Cea en are re, for the time 
' pafli hereto/ore. 

Ceals, ceax, ceaux, thofe. 

Ceau, heaven, 

Cedules, y^^/j or pews. 

Ceel, a f addle. 

Ceerte, certain. 

Ceindture, ceinde, a gir- 
dle. 

Ceindre, to girt, or gird. 

Ceinz (de),' 0/ this court, 
here. - . 

Ceificuts, ceajtng. 

Ceint, ceinturc, a hell^ a 
girdle. 

Ceinturers, girdkrs. 

Celaftes, foaled. 

Celaont, they divulge. 

Qt\<:tmtnx..,fecretly, in pri- 
vate, Jlowly, impercep- 
tibly. 

Cell, he. 

Ccl u re, cele, a coverlet. 

Cementers, bricklayers, 
mafons. 

"Cen, that, 

Cendal, a fendal. 

Cengle, a girt. 

Cenrs (a), to the hearts, 
intentions^ fouls. 



C fi 

Cenfables (en chofes)//» 
things to be taxed. 

Cenle, rent. 

Ccnfeze, deemed. 

Cenfoiir, a farmer. 

Centiefme partie, hun- 
dredth part. 

Centurer, a centeyner, 

Cenz, hundred. 

Ceo (a), for this 'pUrpofe, 
at this time. 

Ceol, that. 

Ceol, heaven. 

Ceoles (en y), into the 
fame. 

Ceo (in q), in as'much as. 

Ceo que, where. 

Ceoque (que de), that 
whereas. 

Ccofec, feifed. 

Ceoiq, for, during, until. 

Ceou (tour), whatfoever. 

Cep, 7?^?^,^. 

Ceper (al), to the gaoler. 

Cep pes (en), in the flocks. 

Ceps des arbres, the flocks 
or roots of trees. 

Cepurqauntj nctwithfiand- 
iw. 

Cerchicz, fearched, fhould 
fearch. 

Cere, a lock. 

Cerincrs, cherry-trees. 

Cer ke, what. 

Certcfycafienc, certify. 

Certes, verily, truly. 

Certes (mais), ncverthelefs. 
Cervi, 



QH 

Cervi, paid, 

Cervoife, ale, 

Ces, thofe. 

Ccs freres, bis hrethren, 

Cefourdhuy, this day, 

Ccflaunt, jfixty. 

Ctfft (le), the forbearance. 

Ceflion, fejjion, 

Q^^oxky fjting, 

Cefte(miiea), afcertained. 

Cedes, this. 

Cellres de vin, quarts of 

wine. 
Ceftr, Chefier, 
CefTure (un), a receiver, a 

bailiff. 
Ceu, that, this. 
Ceu (Hiunz le), without 

the knowledze. 
Ceue (en la), on the back, 

on the cover, 
Cculs, thofe. 
Ceunrey (del), of the cor- 

rody. 
Ceyns, here. 
Cevnt, ceyntus, girded. 
Ch' Seis;. dear Lord. 
Clis en Dieu, dear in God, 

beloved in Chrijl. 
Chace, chafe, obliged^ com- 
pelled, have recourfe to. 
Chacer delcharowe, driver 

cf a plow, 
Chaceez, driven. 
Chaches, char, charet,cha- 
retre, a cart. 



CH ^ 

Chaier (lefTer), let fall, ' 
Chain^LTitj exchanging. 
Chair envcnomeej venifon. 
Chal, a knight. 
Chalejurs (les), the chal- 
lengers. 
Chalkyilg (pur), for 

chalking. 
Chalment, clearly. 
Challenger, to claim, 
Challis (prince), prince 

Charles, 
Chalunge, claim, 
Chambre depindl, ancient- 
ly St. Edward's chamber, 
now the painted cham- 
ber. 
Chamber bas, ajakes. 
Champartors, thofe who 
are guilty of champarty, 
Charapart (a), Jeparate, 
Champeftre (en), in coun- 
try towns. 
Champs (quant des), how 

much meadow ground, 
Chancelez, canceled. 
Chanceaunf, happening,- 

f ailing out. 
Chandelor, chaundelure, 

Candlemafs. 
Channte (une bone), a 

piece of good fortune. 
Chanoms, canon. 
Chapel, chappeil, crown^ 
coronet, breaft plate, hel- 
met, 
D 3 ' Chapellct 



58 



C H 



Chapellet (environ le), 

round the circle, 

Chapell de ferre, de feu- 

tre, a breaji plate of 

iron, 

Chapouns (ne a oufter), 

not to take the bats off. 

Chaperon, a bood^ bat, a 

kind of bead drefs. 
Chaperon (fans), bare- 
beaded. 
Chapon, the crown of the 

bead. 
Charchez, chartered, 
Charer, to fall. 
Charetter, waggonery car- 
ter, 
Charettes (les) de feyn, 

cart loads of bay. 
Chargeez, loaden, 
ChargcSj charters, 
Chargeant, heavy y penaly 

expenjive. 
Chargeance (en) manere, 

very earnejlly. 
Chargaunte (fi), fo 

weighty, fo forcible. 
Charier, to draw, or drive. 
C^aroigne, car cafe. 
Charonics, charounes, ho^ 

dies. 
Channels amys, bofom 

friends, allies by blood. 
Ch ifs (jours de), flejh 

days. 
Chars, cliarres, charets, 
carts, wagg ons, ploughs. 



C H 

Charrenncs, charewcs des 

tcrres, carves of land, 
Chartrc, a prifon. 
Charners (beftes), heajis 

of the plough, 
Chafables, obliged, com" 

pellable. 
Chafe, drift, chafe. 
Chafer (et) adrefles, to 

drive Jirait along. 
Chafer {de),from driving, 
Chafte (en route), with 

all expedition. 
Chattel (le), the chattels, 

goods. 
Chaftelle (Roy de), king 

of Cajiile, 
Chaftcl neof, Newcajlle. 
Chart irians, Jbould chafiife. 
Chaftres, chaftris, gelt, 
Chate, brought. 
Chate (la), buys it. 
Chate, bought, 
Chaton (un), a cat. 
Chatters, chattres, commo- 
dities. 
Chances, caufeways. 
Chaucez, driven. 
Chau (de) ke, in as much 

as. 
Chaud melle, a hot or 
fudden debate, corruptly 
called chance-medley. 
Chauncelrie (en la), in 

chancery, 
Chaunterent, declared, prO' 
nounced, 

Chauflez, 



C H 

Chauffcz, fut upon bis 
boots, 

Chaiifez, chaufurc, bree- 
ches, Jlockings. 

Chaufcr, to warn. 

Chavoynes, canons. 

Chaulx (dc), of them, 

Chautes (en voiles) ct 
gargans de oifeaux, in 
the flighty fingingy and 
chattering of birds. 

Chaux, thofe. 

Chaxtel, cajik, 

Chaye, fallen down. 

Cheaunce, an accident, 

Checer in debat, to come 
in quejlion or debate. 

Cheet (mout) en age, is 
very much in years. 

Cheez (vus), you fall. 

Chefs (a), to his head. 

Chefe (a) del an, by the 
end of the year, 

Cheitifment(vivont), live 
hardly^ 

Cheitivetee (grant), great 
hardfldip, 

Cheivalene du temple 
(meflre de la), mofer of 
the order of the knights 
templars. 

Cheincs, chains. 

Cheir, cheyr, checer, che- 
fer, lo fall^ to abate, 

Cheie, cheiez, fell, hap- 
pened. 

Chejflbnt fur, are made 
upon, fall iipi-n. 



CH 3S, 

Cheivfauns, Cheviflance, 
an agreement between 
debtor and creditor, in 
relation to the loan qf 
money. 

Chekere, exchequer. 

Cbeke (fauf), fave that. 

Chele (par la meifme) 
grace, by this fame grace. 

Chelui (pur),/«7r him, 

Chemimynauiu, purfuing 
his journey on the high- 
way, 

Chentz wye (trois), three 
hundred and eight. 

Chen, chens, dcg~days. 

Chcneau, a young oak. 

Cheny,Jifiifhed. 

Cheountj cheent (ne), do 
not fall. 

Chepier, a gaoler, 

Cher, dear. 

Cherementes, cheremont, 
dearly. 

Cherifancez, cherifhing. 

Cherte, charity. 

Chtfte, ches (lettres), 
tke^e letters. 

Chereil, hitiy happen. 

Chtfer (a), io fall, or come 
to., fallout., happen. 

Chert, chet a favoir, th.it 
is to fay. 

Chefcuny, checon (n), to 
every one. 

Chefon, carried on., ucf end- 
ed, occafioned. 

D 4 Chet, 



4d . . _ C H 

Chet, fell outy happened. 

Chetifs, cheytifs, caitifs. 

Chevage, poll- money pjid 
by a villain to his lord, 

Chevance, goods, money, 
riches, bargains. 

Chevances (a fa' re), to 
borrozv, to make bar- 
gains for. 

Chevaffent, may go over, 
may perform them. 

Chevaucheen hode, heads 
tic army en horfebae':. 

Chevalincs (beftes), heajls 
for the draught. 

Chevalines traians, draw- 
ing-carriages. 

Chevcnteins, chieftains, 
captains. 

Chevetaigne dettor, prin- 
cipal debtor. 

Chevance (fa), his fub- 
Jlance. 

CheveOres, head-Jlalls. 

Chcve, cheveres, chewers, 
g:,:ts. 

Chcvin (doiiner), prepare 
the ivay. 

Chevin (en), en his jctir- 
ney. 

Chevir de denier, to tak$ 
up money on loan. 

Cheviz, borrozved. 

Chcviz, to come to an 
a_^ reeme?it touching pro- 
fert^'. 



fcH 

Cbeuz, happened, fallen, 
Chcryrent (luy nc), owed 

no fervice to him. 
Chits t, fallen down. 
Cheynes, chains, • 
Cheys, choice. 
Chi aprcs, herein after. 
Chiaus (a touz), to all 

thcfe. 
Chi (entre), between this. 
Chief (lo;-)), his head. 
Chief du lyt, bed^s head. 
Chiefs (en foreignes), in 
J foyeig^ places. 
Chief de niois, at the end 

of the month. 
Chief qun, every, 
Chienquante, fifty. 
Chier (de), by a fall. 
Chier, chire, chiertees, 

dear^ dcarnefs, reverence^ 

love. 
Chicrions, will cheriJJj, 
Chiery, favoured, encoH- 

ragcd. 
C\\\q[\., failed, 
Chiet (rcn)j his client, 
Chiec a tre, falls to the 

ground. 
Chiez d' ofliez, the head 

of a family. 
^hipotcis (des), in prov:-* 

JicnSy r-'nts, 
Chir, blight. 
Chirk (dc), of this, 
QhiitcJ, cafils^ 

Chire, 



C H 

Chite, a city, 
Chivauche (facent la), 
caufe a perambulation to 
he- made. 
Chivalx, horfes, 
Chivachez, ■peramlulatedy 

ridden, 
Chivaunch, irere riding. 
Chivanche (in la), in the 

■ exped'tion^ campaign, 
Chivache encontre le roy, 

rides againjl the king. 
Chivancher, to ride. 
Chivaus covertz (a), with 

horfes covered. 
Chivalchier le pais, over- 
run the country. 
Chivers, goats. 
Chivilaunce, an unlawful 

bargain. 
Choa (pour) qu, hecaufe 

that, 
Choces (les), things, goods. 
Choeur, choire. 
ChoLicee (a bout de la), 

at the end of the caufe- 

way. 
Choient,/^//. 
Chole, choler. 
Chole (ne ent mande au- 
tre), does not command 

to the contrary. 
Chou, chon, chu (a), to 

this, that. 
Chou (et tout) que, and 

all which. 
Chou (pour qu), hecaufe 

that. " 



cx 



ky 



Chre, charter. 

Chukr\t, fall ojf. 

Cliun, every. 

Chun (an), each year. 

Chun (come ben) fer- 
vant, how much every- 
fervatit, 

Chuny (a), to every one. 

Chyen (entre) ft heu : in- 
ter canern et lupum, 
twilight, 

Chynes, oaks. 

Ci pris, cy mis, as foon 
fid as done. 

Cicertr*, Chtchejler, 

Ciege, ftegs. 

Cicr, to mow. 

Cierges, wax-tapers. 

Cierve, a hind. 

Cieus, here, hither, thofe^ 
fuch. 

eigne (liveree del), livery 
of the fu-an \ a Jwan 
was one of tie badges of 
Ileiry the fourlh, and 
was embrcidcred on the 
caparijons of his horfe 
w!:en di{:e of Hereford^ 
at the Intended combat 
between him and the 
duke of Norfolk. Prince 
Henry h s lc;i tore his 
achievement^ fupported 
b\' t\'jo f:rnns each hold- 
iyi> in his beak an oft rich 
feather and a fcrolL 
Ciij^nctLez, cigncts, 

Cil, 



4i 



C L 



Cil, cili, be, 

Cincaunt, ffiy, 

Cink, ^ve. 

Ciphe, a cup, 

Cips, Jiocks, 

Cis, ces, they, thofe. 

Xi^ifere, ale. 

Cifme (la), the fcbifm. 

Cifne, afwan. 

Cifours, cifars, 

Cift, this, 

Ciroft, as joon as. 

Citues, placed in, 

Cla, claims. 

Clamant, claiming, fnain- 

tattling, commanding. 
Clatnur (zY), for proclaim' 

ing, 
Clamous pleints, clamor- 
ous complaints, 

ClariHe, cleared up, made 
appear* 

Clarrc, claret. 

Clave, a borfejhoe, 

Claud, a ditch. 

Claye, a hurdle. 

Clay mors de franchifes 
(les), thofe who claim 
franchifes. 

Claree (vin de), claret. 

Clachent lains (qui), who 
clack wool. 

Clamour, impeachment. 

Clefs, hurdles. 

Cleif, a key. 

Cleifs, cliefs, keys. 



C L 

Clerk us, clcrcx, clergy, 

clerks. 
Cler jour, clear day. 
Clere memoire, cf famous 

memory. 
Cler, clerk, 
Clcrement, clearly, 
Clergie, fcienccy litera' 

ture. 
Clcrgereffe, a learned wt- 

man, 
Cliefs, keys* 
Clier droit, clear right. 
Clime, kindred. 
Climacha *, potius chiva- 

cha f, rode with. 
Cloiftres, inclofed places. 
Cloier, to prick, 
Clore, to inclofe. 
CI OS (brefe), a writ clofe, 
Clofe (pur), for fencing, 

inclojing. 
Clofture de hayes, inclo- 
jing with hedges. 
Clos (le), the clofe. 
Clouftre (fill), caufed to 

be inclofed. 
Clough, a valley. 
Clowes de gilifer ( :^ ), three 

cloves. 
Cloy, pricks. 
Clurs, clerks. 
Clufe de pafche (la), the 
clofe of Eafler, i. e. the 
firjl Sunday after Eafler. 
Dominica odava paf- 



See Pari. Rolls, vol. IT. p. 193. pet. 73, 



t Hale's MS. 

chae, 



c o 

ttiX, donvinica poll al- 
bas, domlnica in albis ; 
Ic dimanche de la qua- 
fimodo, from the fer- 
vid beginning with thofe 
words in the Roman 
MijfaL 
Clyens, clyents, 
Co (eftre), moreover, 
Co (d'), of this, 
Coaftion, coartacion, 

compuljton, coercion. 
Coche (fuit), was laid 

down in bed. 
Cochin (d'), from the kit- 
chen. 
Cochoures, couchers, 
Coe ottroire, grant this, 
Coe (ou) e(t)Whether this is. 
Coes les ; Coe (la), the 

commons. 
Coe (le) boift, the common 

box. 
Coders, collars. 
Coems, coens de Nichole, 

earl of Lincoln, 
Coers, hearts, 
Coer, commonfr. 
Coers, coerts, forced. 
Coert (qore), which is 

now current. 
Coes (les povs) del roi- 
alme, the poor commons 
of the realm, 
Coeurs, courfe, 
Cofin (un), a bajket. 
Cofre (un), a trunk or 
chefl. 



c o 



43 



Cognizance, fuggefiion, 
Coherter, to force. 
Cohiber, to reftrain, 
Cohues, affembliesy courts 

ofjujiice, 
Cojantz, being compelled, 
Coieres, coirs,coers,/&^tfr//. 
Coidz, boiled. 
Coievient, convenient, 
Coignfu, known. 
Coigne, coin, money, 
Coigner, to coin. 
Coiles, tejiicles. 
Coil douft, as he ought, 
Coillage, co!le£lion. 
Coiller, to ajfemble^ to coU 

le5f, gather in, 
Coiliers d'ar^enr, fther 

fpoons. 
Comer, collected from, 
Coiller, a lock of wool, 
Coillct i^de), for gathering, 
Cnilliant, gathering, 
Coillours, collegers, 
Coiniftrc, confefs. 
Coinonte, connected, 
Coint, affable. 
Coinnu^, coinus, rabbits, 
CoitifFe (^chadcll de), cajlle 

of Cardiff. 
Coicacoiis, meetings. 
Coker (payn dc), coket 

bread. 
C:)ler, collar. 
Col;- re, colour. 
Cokrcr;!:, pretend, 

Collef, 



44 CO 

Collet, taken away. 
Coli, took. 

Collation, comfarifon^fim- 
pie, coler* 

Collacion (une bone), a 
good oration. 

Collifion, collufion. 

Colorers (pluis), the letter 
to colour over. 

Colourent (fe), pretend* 

Colp, cut off, 

Colps, the neck, 

Collufion, comparifon. 

Colx, a blow. 

Com, as. 

Coma droit, common right, 

Comandc, fend, 

Coroant, farewell. 

Comaundable, to he com- 
mitted. 

Commant, command, or- 
der, bearer, attorney. 

Combatueflc, beat down. 

Comb, a valley. 

Combatour, one who is 
hired by another to fight 
for him. 

Com bur, burn. 

Cement, how, howmany. 

Comment cy que, although 
that. 

Come, zvhen, as f con as. 

Comen lome, common fum~ 
mons. 

Comcnlables et provables, 
commenced and carried on. 

Comcfatz, beginning. 



C O. 

Comctut, committed, . 
Comina/Ter, to have com- 
mon,. 
Comiflair dii roy, the 

king's commiffioner. 
Com ill re (a), to fpeak of, 
Commauvaes, commotes. 

Comme plance, common 
difccurfe. 

Commectement, falfhood. 

Comniiner, to keep com- 
pany, to convey fe with, 
to have. 

Commineront, they affem- 
bled together. 

Communalment, general- 
ly. 

Communalment, commu- 
ncment, communel- 
ment, in general, com- 
monly ^ jointly. 

Coinuner, to meet in com- 
mon. 

Communal, common. 

Commune ds reaum, the 
commons of the cities and 
boroughs. 

Communaunte, commo- 
nalty. 

Commune (a la), with tht 
commonalty. 

Commune (fanz) parle- 
ment, without frequent 
parliaments. 

Coniorth, a fuhfidy. 

Comognenues, fellozv- 
inonks, 

Comp 



C Q 

Comp (a un), at one fa j- 

ment. 
Compenfation, payment, 
Gojrnpafler, compafcer, to 

compafs, imagine, dejign, 

intend, endeavour, at- 
tack, 
Compe6lant, competent, 
Comperer, to fiiffer, 
Compeigney, company, fo- 

ciety. 
Compernant, comprijing, 

Jetting forth. 
Compertment, appearing, 
Coiiipigne, contain, com- 

prife. 
Compier, a godfather. 
Compiere, as appears, 
Compoir (pur), to appear, 
Gomponnent les iuppli- 

antz, let the petitioners 

compound. 
Complifement (faire) de 

jullice, to do compleat 

jujlice. 
Compliqucr (de), to fold 

up. 
CompliiTement, accom- 

plifhments. 
Comprins, comprifcd. 
Comune (chefcune), each 

of us jointly. 
Comunalte^nule), nothing 

that is ccmmcn. 
Coinunalte (alcutics de), 

feme zvbich coiiccrn many 

perfons \ fame i,c:i?munity. 



'CO 4s 

Comyn (en), in common, 

Comyns de parlcment, 
the commons in parlia- 
ment. 

Comyns, the common peo' 
pie. 

Con, as* 

Cona, pafture, common of 
pajlure. 

Conation, endeavouring, 

Concaufe * (potius I'un 
caufe), one caufe, 

Conceyvere mon brief, 
bring, frame my writ, 

Concey, framed, adapt- 
ed. 

Certeignment conceux, 
certain information, 

Conceillier, confult, ad' 
vife. 

Concubeant, lying toge^ 
tker, 

CondemaundafTe, demand, 

Condon ner, to grant, 

Condiidz, lodgers. 

Conduft (lettres de), let- 
ters of fafe conduB. 

Conduitz (les;, the attend- 
ance. 

Condition (en grant), in 
great hazard, 

Coneife, leave, 

Conefeye bien, knezv very 
ivell. 

Coneve, knoivn^ acknow- 
ledge. 

Conexes, co:ine5J:o?is. 



See Tail. Rolls, 4 Tier.. IV. vol. III. p. 538. pet. co. 

Confer- 



46 



C O 



Conferromous (fi), // we 
compare. 

ConfelTe, examined. 

Confeflion, an anfwer to 
interrogatories. 

Confcxion (a la), to the 
making. 

Confier, to trujl. 

Confourmeront, informed. 

Confiquez, confifcated* 

Confers, comforters , aid- 
ing> 

Contronrations, borders* 

Congye, conge, leave. 

Congie de foy confeiller, 
leave to imparl^ i. e. 
talk with the plaintiff. 

Conier, a place where rab- 
bits and hares were pre- 
ferved, 

Conigg, coney ground. 

Conilles, conings, conejs, 

Coninges, fhillings. 

■ Cojiiraunce, knowledge. 

Conifent (ne les), do not 
acknowledge them. 

Conifoit, he was obliged. 

ConifiToms (nous), we ac- 
knowledge. 

Conjouyr (luy), /o congra- 
tulate him. 

Conjtfdcmtrnr, confpiracy. 

Connfeaix (par Ics) dam- 
perts ilTue le puifle fair, 
by the advice of both 
parties it may be brought 
/<? an ijjue. 



C 

Connuis, known, open, 
Connyifjg, knowledge, 
Conoiffc, acknowledge, 
Conoyflent, bold cogni' 

fance of. 
Conpayne, companion, 
Conquaftere, to fhake, to 

break to pieces, 
Conquerra, fball gain, ob- 
tain. 
Conqueft (de), by acquiji- 

tion, purcbafe. 
Confallatez, counfeled, ad' 

vifed, 
Confeil (tenuz), kept fe- 

cret, 
Confenr, acknowledged. 
Confieux (privez), privy 

counfellors, 
Confile et plaine, the 

church is full and pro- 
vided for, 
Confommez, confumed, 

fpent, 
Conftitution, appointments, 
Conful, confealx (du), one 

of the council. 
Conlbte, confu, annexed^ 

fewed together, 
Cont, earl. 
Containes, remote, 
Contal, of a county. 
Contaitius, we declare, or 

count* 
Contafle, countefs. 
Conte (a), at the county 

day J court* 

Con tee, 



c o 

Con tee(le),/i?>^ county - court. 

Conte, contes (la), the ac- 
compt. 

Conte (fur la), upon his 
account. 

Contean, contained. 

Conteckours, brawlers, 

Conteins (Toy), refrain 
them/elves. 

Contek, a contej}, difpute^ 
dijlurbanccy oppofttion. 

Contemplanon, aj^eSlion^ 
regard. 

Contenance, purpofe. 

Contenance, counten- 
aunce, contenement. 

Contenement, countenance^ 
or freehold land conti- 
guous to his tenement. 

Content (a), has accounted. 

Contentation, fatisfa5iion. 

Contentz, conteux, con- 
tentions. 

Contenu, contnued, 

Contenue, contained, 

Contenunt *, run. 

Con ten z, contention. 

Conter, againjt. 

Conterent (lui), related to 
him. 

Conterfait, refembling. 

Contcz (des), of thejhires, 
. counties, 

Contefla, countefs. 

ContelToiz, contemplation. 

* VId. Rot. Purl. vol. II. 
Hale's MS. 

f lb. p. 213. Pet. 3^. Pot 



C O 47 

Contetz, contained, 

Continance, continuance, 
obfervance, 

Continuament, direSly, 
immediately. 

Continuance -f, his conte^ 
nement, fupport^ main- 
tenance. 

Continues, contained. 

Contiraunt, notwithjiand- 
ing. 

Contraitz, contraults, con- 
trad s. 

Contrariaft, bad contra- 
di6ied. 

Contrariantz (lesj, the of- 
fenders. 

Con trader, to contraft. 

Contrefteant (nemye), not- 
ivithjianding. 

Contredie, refufes, 

Contree (tuit), was engag- 
ed with, oppofed, 

Contrefaire, to imitate. 

Contrelutent, oppofe, 

Contremant, countermand, 

Contremount, afcending^ 
uppermojl. 

Contremount (en), in the 
afcending, 

Contremaunt (degres), 
afcending degrees. 

Contreellier, contrcfter, 
contrefcer, to prevent^ 
oppofe i grieve t opprefs. 

p. J 90. Pet. 64. Potius ccurunff 
ius ccnii'mxTJCf, Hale'* MS. 

Contremettre, 



48 C O 

Contremettre, to lay a- 

gainfi^ to impofe upon. 
Contrepanel, a counierpan, 
Contreovez, contrevez, 

counterfeited. 

Contreval, downwards. 
- Contreveigner, contra ve- 
rier, to aEi contrary to, 
breaks oppofe. 

Contreytour, arch traytor. 

Contrier, to contradi£}. 

Contrirerant (nient), «fl/- 
ivithftanding. 

Controue,. controuled^ 

Controvee, contrived. 

Controver, to contrive. 

Controveures des novel- 
les, devifers, inventors 
of tales. 

Contus, hruifed. 

Convainquus, conviSied. 

Con veer, to convey. 

Conveiez, conveyed. 

Conevences, covenants. 

Convenfift (il), it becomes 
neceffary. 

Convent, convenu, cove- 
nanted^ obliged. 

Convener, to cover. 

Converroit, converfe with. 

Converfantz, abiding, re- 
fident, 

Convs, converfe. 

Conuflcnt, acknowledges. 

Conviront, Jhall convey, 
conduct. 

Convis, a banquet. 
4 



C O 

.' Convoifl (que fe), which 
confificth, fhews, difco- 
vers itfelf. 

Convyer, to convince. 

Conyng, coney, rabbit. 

Cool (le coler du), the coU 
lar from the neck. 

Coonte, a count, earl. 

Cooper til re, a thicket. 

Cop, cope, coupe, a blow, 

Copable, guilty. 

Copie du people, a grefit 
number of people. 

Copier, to cope. 

Coplice, an accomplice. 

Coppe (blees en), corn in 
cocks. 

Copped,- laid in heaps. 

Copper, to cut off. 

Copperent, uncovered, 

Copyl, a fox. 

Cor, heart. 

Corage, corouce, anger. 

Corage, confent,will, mind, 
inclination. 

Corage (la), encourage- 
ment. 

Coraunt, paffing, current, 
limited. 

Cord, a load. 

Cord (de la), the agree- 
ment, confent. 

Cordcau de iby, a Jilk 
ribband. 

Cordewaners (de), leather, 
^c. 

Cordiner, a fhoemaker. 

Core, 



c o 

Core, heart. 

Coreoursde cKiwdXyi^horfe- 
courfers. 

Corcr, to have recourfe 
to. 

Coreute (fufl), was in en- 
mity with* 

Coriage (du) de harang, 
of curage, or curing of 
herrings. 

Cornefer, maker of horns* 

Cornele de la teft, the 
crown of the heady the 
brain. 

Coronoaille,Cornville(duc 
de), duke of Cornwall. 

Coronal, a coronet. 

Coroneis (vins livr' d' 
efterlins), twenty founds 
fierling. 

Corones (as), to the coro- 
ner. 

Coronfe, enraged. 

Corores laborercs, run- 
agate laborers. 

Qorouct^ a caroufal-, a great 
entertainment. 

Corpores, corporez, cor- 
porate. 

Corps prefantz, co)fe fre- 
fent. 

Correes de battaill, ar- 
rayed for battle. 

Correours, curriers. 

Correpc', corrupt, hajly. 

Corruc, convicted. 

Cors, CQrr^ court, fJjort* 



CO 49 

Cors (en le), in the principal. 
Cors (fur peine de) e d* 

avoir, on pain of body 

and goods. 
Cors (llir le) Dieu, upon 

the body of God, i. e. the 

confecrated Hojt. 
Cors, corfe, cords, a body. 
Corfe prefent, a mortuary. 
Corfes, cloths^ kerfeys. 
Corfues, courfe^ corporeal, 
Cort, court, limited, 
Cortaife, civile gentle, 
Cortoife, courtefy. 
Coruces, enraged. 
Coruc, courfe run, fer- 
reted. 
Cor'une, cornus, horned, 

tipped with horn. 
Corn way les (terre), Cornifli 

land. 
Cofces, hufhandmen, 
Cofes, things. 
Coft, this is, 
Coftages, cofi. 
Coftal, cofte, by, prefent, 

near. 
Coder, a rich cloth or vefl- 

ment, made ufe of on 
. great fejiivals, 
Cofte, coat. 
Cofle (en) cofte, de cofte, 

collateral. 
CoUcms^neighbouring^near 

to, on the borders of. 
Cot gare et vileine tufon, 

inferior kind of wool. 
E Cotellers, 



50 CO 

Cotellers, cutlers, 

Cotel, a knife. 

Coteaux (piene de), a pair 

Cotidian, daily. 
Cotiers, cottagers. 
Cotte, cote, a coat. 
Cotu, cut. 

Cotures, little houfes, cot- 
tages, coverings, inch- 

fures. 
Cotures (quant des), bow 

much arable land. 
Couche, double^ laid double. 
Coucher, a couch. 
Couerer (vous voudres), 

willjhelter yourfelf. 
Coues (as) des chival, at 

the borfe^s tail. 
Couldront, Jhall coft. 
Couldront (qu'ils), ijohich 

they Jhall think. 
Couler, couUer, colour, 
Coulerou, anger, pajjion. 
Coulpale, guilty. 
Coun, Con. Pudendum 

muliebre. 
Councelera, vjtll conceal. 
Counfort, comfort, affijt- 

ance, encouragement. 
Counfaunt (il leit), and be 

is knozvn. 
Counfeile, provided. 
Couleiler al roy (faunz), 

without the king being 

confulted. 
Counreyla(il), he advifcd. 



c o 

Countables (en), in counts. 
Count (en) countant, in 

counting. 
Counte, county-court. 
Counte (de) en counte, 

from county court to 

county court, 
Counte, county, account, 

eftimate, computation, 

ejieem. 
Countees, counties. 
Counter, to count, declare, 

tell, plead, compute, 
Counte palys, a count pa- 
latine. 
Counter palais, a county 

palatine. 
Counter pleadable, may 

reply. 
Counterpayne, a counter- 

payne. 
Counties, earls. 
Countinuance (lour), their 

contentment. 
Counter, a count. 
Counters des menfonges, 

thofe who devife and 

relate lies. 
Countradit (fans), without 

oppofition. 
Countrc etre, to be againjl, 

cppofe, rejijl. 
Countrelapes, againfi the 

peace. 
Couiitre lit, upon his bed. 
Countre roulcr, controller. 
Countreval, defending. 

Counturs 



c o 

Gounturs le roy, the king*s 

ferjeants. 
Coup de mere (pur), by 

force of the fea. 
Coup, damage. 
Coupable, guilty. 
Coupe, in fault., to blame. 
Gouperie (de), of cutting. 
Couper (de), of blows. 
Couper le tayle, to cut off 

or dock the entail. 
Goupiz, coppices, 
Gourade, the inteflines. 
Courage, encouragement. 
Courajeux, angry. 
Courcce, provoked. 
Courer (dette), to recover 

the debt. 
Courey de battel, arrayed 

for battle. 
Courge, courfe, coure, to 

run, 
Courge, court, runs, 
Courour, currier. 
Courre, to courfe. 
Cours (deux), two courfes. 
Courfables, current. 
Court, fkreenedt conftrain- 

ed, port. 
Court (fe), turns. 
Court (moy) a mort, which 

is the caufe of my death. 
Court terme (cy), fo JJjort 

a time. 
Courte (per la), by the 

CQurfe of. 



C O 



5' 



Court drap, cloth, called 
Jlreits. 

Coufeades, concealed. 

Coufement (de), of the 
concealment, 

Coufon, coufin, 

Couftenghes (a nos), at 
our own cofi. 

Goufte (en), collaterally. 

Courtoilt refponifl, cour- 
teous anfwer. 

Gourtreux, a garden, 

Goufloufes, cofily, 

Couftumers (et a ceo 
s'efl), and has often 
praUifed it. 

Coutes (de deux), on both 
fides. 

Coutellours, cutlers. 

Couvrefeu (1* heure du), 
the hour when the co- 
ver feu or curfew -bell 
was rung., viz, feven in 
the winter at St. Mar- 
tin's le Grand. 

Coux, a cuckold. 

Couz, cous, coufl:, cojl, 

Covegne, // behoved. 

Coveigne (gens de), co- 
vetous., greedy people. 

Coveitant, covetous^ de- 
firing. 

Govenable, proper, apt, 
fuff.cient., right. 

Covenablete de tens, con- 
venient time, 

E 2 Covene, 



52 



C R 



Covene, rightfuL 
Covcnt(ai), covenenchiet, 
have covenanted, agreed, 
Covent (nous), behoves us. 
Coven telis, conventual. 
Covenift (il), belonged to, 

it vjas necejfary. 
Coverer (fe), Jkreen, pro- 
test them/elves, 
Coverer (pur) eglifes, to 
cover, or repair churches. 
Covert chival, a horfe ar- 
rayed, or harnejfed. 
Covctife, coveitefe, co- 
veigne, defire, greedi- 
nefs. 
Coviegne (de fa), of his 

own head. 
Covoitoms, we are deftr- 

ous. 
Covynes, their fecret places 

of meeting. 
Covves (la), the tail, the 

end. 
Coylir, to cock. 
Coyly, gathered. 
Coyne, coinage. 
Coy re, leather, ajkin. 
Coy re, coure, copper, brafs. 
Craftus (touz les) du citee 
de Londres, all the 
craftfmen, companies of 
the city of London. 
Craire, to confde in, en- 

trujt with. 
Crainer, to refufe. 
Crampiis dc goute, laid 
up with the gout. 



C R 

Crafiine, the morrow of 

any fejiival. 
Cray ( je \ / believe. 
Cray, betrayed, 
Crcable, to be feared. 
Creablement, creable, crt' 

dibly, credible, 
Creacures,creanfours, cre^ 

ditors. 
Creance (la), the injiruc- 

tions, the articles. 
Creances, et a creanciers, 
borrowed, and to be 
borrowed, 
Creance (a), upon credit, 
Creantceantz, borrowed. 
Creaule, credible. 
Crecefiz, a crucifix, 
Credibles, credible. 
Crerez, created. 
Creez fiablement, give 

faithful credit to, 
CreiTes, croffed. 
Cremal, a crimfon or pur- 
ple colour. 
• Crenne, burnt. 
Cremeur, fear, dread, 
Crere, creier, to believe, 

give credit to. 
Crefceaiince, croiflaunce, 

growth. 
CrefTom (ke nus), that we 

give him credit. 
Crellburs (par engpndrure 
dc), by having lawfui 
ijjue born alive. 
Crcft, rifes up, accrues. 

Cret, 



cretange 



C R 

Cret, accrues. 
Cretain de eau, 

del ewe, rifing of water, 
Cretine, an inundation. 
Creval oeil, thruji out the 

eye. 
Creve, a wear, 
Creve, Jkook, ratled, in- 
. creafed. 
Creues (novelles), new 

raifed, 
C re urn, we believe, 
Crewe, grown, incurred, 
Creye, crcyer, believe, 
Cribre, afieve. 
Cribre (le payn), bread of 

bran. 
Crible, debated. 
C richer, agreement, 
Criegnent (rie), are not 

afraid, 
Crie, cry general, a gene- 
ral proclamation. 
Crier, to funimon. 
Cries la peace, declare^ 

draw the concord. 
Criefme, a crime. 
Crieuerie (la), the cfice of 

crier. 
Crikes, creeks. 
Criler, to argue, debate. 
Crilz, criz, cries, 
Crins, the hair of the 

head. 
Crire (fet), who knows 

how to write. 



CR Si 

Crifmatorie d'arg dorrez, 

a chrifm of filver gilt ; 

a veffel in which the oint" 

ment with which kings 

were anointed was kept, 
Crirme, a crime, 
Crift(Jehu), »jar//?. 
Crifline, chrijlian. 
Crocq (fix harquebuxes 

de fer a), fix large ar- 

quebujfes of iron. 
Crochet (dix harquebuzes 

a) de bronze, ten ar- 

quebufj'es of brafs. 
Croiables gentz, credible 

perfons. 
Croice (feinte), holy crofs. 
Croire (de) auxi forte- 

ment, fhould alfo firmly 

believe, 
Croife, croifle, crous, 

cruix, a crofs. 
Croife (et homme), and 

there may be reafon to 

believe. 
Croifcment, crufade, 
Croix neitz (fur la), on 

the white crofs *. 
Crpiziex, croyfes (des), 

perfons intending to go 

to the Holy Land, 
Croke (fanz), without any 

iron fpike or hook. 
Crome, crime. 
Croyferie, crufade. 
Crudes (draps),;-^^ cloths. 



* Brady in his appendix 32, and in his hiftorv 97, tranflates 
this ; on tbs old crof; but I apprehend the word ncitz is from nitiJus, 

E :; Cruc 



54 



C U 



Cruc (char), raw flcjh. 
Cruc, a wear. 
Cruice (iceftes), this crofs. 
Crus, cruez, creditedt be- 
t lieved. 

Cry (la), the proclamation. 
Cu, as. 

Cu (iin), a cook. 
Cuchie en fon lit, lying in 

his bed. 
Cudietz (cum vos), as you 

think. 
Cue I, the neck. 
Cuelly, cclleEled. 
Cuens Leys (li), the earl 

Lewis. 
Cuens de Flanders, count 

or earl of Flanders, 
Cueou, the buttocks. 
Cuer (a), at heart. 
Cuers, leather yjkins. 
Cuerent, meet. 
Cueurier, majler of the 

choir. 
Cui, whom, to whom. 
Guide, cuideroit, thinks. 
Cuille ((jui ad la), which 

is not cajlrated. 
Ciiil, cuile, cuel, the neck. 
Cuiller d'or, a gold fpoon. 
Cuiller, a collebiion. 
Cuilliz, gathered^ collected. 
Cuir (laft de), a laji of 

leather. 
Cuift, bakes. 
Cule, dung^ filth. 



c u 

Cule nui«5l, the night fea- 
fon. 

Culhir, to collea. 

Cu Hours, colleBors. 

Culture (un), a -piece of 
ground. 

Cum, as. 

Cumbre, Cumberland. 

Cumpaignie, company, fo- 
ciety. 

Cun, one alone. 

Cundez, coined, 

Cunee, cunage, coined^ 
coinage. 

Cuneufe, known. 

Cunge, cungie, leave. 

Cunqueftre, conquejl. 

Cunte, county f earl. 

Cupre (de), of copper. 

Cur (lunge), a long purfe. 

Cur le roy, court of the 
king. 

Cureles, without cure of 
fouls. 

Curerons, will take care, 
will apply for. 

Curgc, fhort. 

Curge, currye, runs, to 
run. 

Curoms, will take care, 

Curr, a hide. 

Curreours des qulrs, cur- 
riers of leather. 

Curriez, would run, pro- 
ceed. 

Curiurs (d'main), of cur- 
riers, 

Currons, 



c u 

Currons, will take care. 
Curruz (pur), through 
anger. 

Curs (bref de), a writ of 
courfe. 

Curfe (la), the courfe. 

Curt, court, 

Curteignes pilous, cur- 
tains made of hair. 

Curtiner, to improve^ cul- 
tivate, fence in. 

Curtiver, to plough. 

Curtoife, curtcife, genteel, 
civile courteous. 

Curz, courts. 

Cufine, dyet, 

Cufins, kindred. 

Cuftages (as), cuftees, at 
the cojl. 

Cuftance, Conjiance. 

Cuftefre, Chriftopher, 

Guftivent, cultivate. 

Cuftumer laron, a common 
thief 

Cuftume (a), into a pre- 
cedent. 

Cuftumers du courte,y«/- 
tors of the court. 

Cufu, fewed to^ annexed. 

Cuttle, cutle, a knife, dag- 
ger. 

Cuune, generation. 

Cuyre (efcu de), a fhield 
of leather. 

Cuyfein, a cook. 

Cuz, put. 

^Yi yesyfo. 



D E 



55 



Cy, if foy then, alfo, as, 

here, hereupon. 
Cy apres, hereafter. 
Cy avant, as well before, 
Cy bicn, as well. 
Cy CQun, fo fpeedily, 
Cy (entre), between this^ 

between this time, 
Cy long, as long. 
Cy pres, as near as can 

be, 
Cy que, fo that. 
Cy vivement, Jo lively. 
Cye per attorney, here by 

attorney, 
Cyeinz, cyen, here, with^ 

in. 
Cyeit, let there be. 
Cyel, heaven. 
Cyens, his own, 
Cyere, to-morrow. 
Cymytere, a church-yard. 
Cynk, five. 
Cynfours de bourfes, cut- 

piirfes. 
Cyre (verte) ; la ver en 

cite, green wax. 
Cyfors, cutters. 
Cytoaen, a citizen. 

Dams, damages. 
D z.KL,five hundred 
years. 
Dass, of affize. 
Dct, demand, demandant, 
Dne (y), demand. 
Dee, to have been^ 

E 4 Def, 



56 DA 

Dcf, Deft, default, want. 
Dr, rigbL 
Drence, difference. 
Deftf, dijlrefsj dijlrainedy 

obliged. 
Da, dea, yes. 
Da (ouy), yes verily. 
Daareim, the laji day of 

the month, 
Dabondant, moreover, he- 

Jides. 
Dabte, datf. 
Dagge, a fmall gun. 
Dagnell noire, black lamb. 
Dagne, dage, dagger. 
Dale, dait, ought. 
Dales, within, concerning. 
Daillours, others, elfe- 

where, 
Daine, a doe. 
Dalphin, the dtiuphin, the 

eldejl fon of the king of 

France. 
Dam age r, to opprefs, in- 
jure. 
Damaifgiet, endamaged, 

injured. 
Damafches belles, tame 

beajls. 
Dames, deer. 
Dames de religion, lady 

ahbefjes^ priorejfes. 
Damnable, tobe condemned. 
Damr.ablemcnt,^nV'z;5;//7y. 
DamoifellSj demicelles, no- 

bleSy the fens of kings^ 

princes, 'noblemen and 



D A 

kmgbts,fubordinateldrds, 
ladies of quality. 
Damoyfeles, damfels, fe- 
male infants. 
Damp, mafter,Jir. 
Dampner, to be cancelled. 

Danearch, Denmark. 

Danis, Dennis. 

Dard, a dart. 

Dareigner, to make proof 
of it, to tejlify, to de- 
reign it. 

Darps, draps, clothing, co- 
vering. 

Darrain, darraigne, dar- 
ren, darner, lafl. 

Darrein, proof. 

Darreinere pafiTe, laft pajl. 

Darreignement, lajl. 

Darreirement, lately. 

Darrener (au) des terms, 
on the Ir.Jl of the terms. 

Darrees, money, goods, chat- 
tels, effcufs^ merchandize. 

Darres (2), two-pence. 

Dalfer, to affefs. 

Datif, a thing in gift. 

Dau, daou, liro. 

Daugiers^ danglers, fiflj- 
ing-flaccs. 

Daungcrous, dubious. 

Dauqui en avant, fron\ 
henceforth. 

Dauft, Aiigtijl. 

Davant, before. 

Davenon, Avignon, 

De, dice. 

Dcanle, 



D E 

Dcanie, deanry, 

Deaufcens, two hundred. 

Deaux, two. 

Debas, under, below. 

Debafe, below, 

Debafe les ponts, beneath 

the bridge. 
Debafe lour eftate, beneath 

their ejiate, 
Debafla, downwards, 
Debat, oppofttion, conten- 
tion, 
Debatre, to difpute, 
Debe, ought, mufi. 
Debelle, overpowered. 
Deberbiz (peaux), Jheep- 

Jkins, 
Debies, debts. 
Deboter, debouter, to put 

out, deforce, deny, hinder, 
Debouche et corn, hue 

and cry. 
Debrifant, reftfiing. 
Debrifer, to cancel. 
Debrufure de prifon, 

breaking of prifon. 
Debrufez, broke in pieces. 
Debuferonr, ought. 
Debuient (ne), ought not, 
Debuoir, debuoiar, duty, 

devoir, obeifancc. 
Deburg, in commijfion of a 

burglary. 
Decca, from thence, 
Decedcr, to die. 
Decent, deceit. 
Deccu, on this fide. 
Decevanche,deceut,^^f^/V. 
5 



P^ 57 

Deceux, decieux, deceived* ' 

Deceyvante (en), in de- 
ceivable manner. 

Deceynt, ungirded. 

Decha, on this fide, in 
thefe parts, 

Dechaffer, to drive away. 

Decheier, a robbery, to 
take to robbing. 

Decheues, decayed, 

Dechyre, rent, torn. 

De ci en avant, from 
hence. 

T)^c\Qns,fince. 

Deciller les yeulx, to open 
your eyes, 

Decimeur, the owner of 
the tythes of a parifh. 

Declaiera, declarez, de- 
laiera (j\t),fhall not de- 
lay, deny. 

Decole, beheaded. 

Decories, fkinned, pulled 
off. 

Deconfort, difcomfort, 

Decouper, to cut down, 

Decres, decreafe, 

Decrcfceantz, arifmg, re- 
newing, increajing. 

Decree, decrez, decreis, 
(dodlonr en), doctor in 
decretals, doctor of law. 

Dedes, debts. 

Dedeinz, dedinz, dedenz, 
dcdens, dedaynes, de- 
deynus, within, in the 
mean time. 

Dedcntre, within, between, 
Dedie 



58 



D E 



Dedie (lu), confecrated 

place. 

Dedints, deduits, duells, 
trialsy amufements. 

Dedifoint, deny^ refufe, 

Dediftz, denied. 

Deditz en jugement, de- 
nied in judgment * 

Dedount, brought, de- 
duced, 

Deduc, deduces, deduft, 
deduift, dedu6t, brought ^ 
alledgedy determined. 

Deduiz, dedut, deduyt, 
recreation^ pajiime. 

Dedure (a faire), to bring 
in quejiion, to bring 
proof. 

Deduyfant, drawing: alfo 
requiring. 

Dedutz, game. 

Deduz, during^ depending. 

Dee, to be. 

Deen, dean. 

Deenz, within. 

De entre, between. 

Deervie (tot nel euflent 
il), although they had 
net dejcrved it. 

Deface, defeat. 

Dcfacum des membres, 
lofs of limbs J members. 

Defaicls, defeated, con- 
quered. 

De faille, deficiency. 

Defames, infamous. 

Defauce, diffolved. 



D E 

Defaudroit,y2'^«/i wait, 

Defauderunt, Jhall maks 
default. 

Defaurroit Cen cas qu'il), 
in cafe of failure, in cafe 
of death. 

Defaufit, fhould die. 

Defaut, deficiency, default, 
defeB. 

Defawcher, to mow, reap. 

Defayllift,/i7/7^df, died. 

Defedz, deftroyed, defeat- 
ed, undone. 

Defeet, defeated. 

Defence, defence (en), in 
defiance of, in derogation 
of. 

Defence (en), fenced off, 
in fever al. 

Defencufe (fe), may de- 
fend himfelf. 

Defendaunt (fe), in his 
own defence. 

Defendeutz,^^^/y repaired. 

Defender, to oppofe, deny. 

Defend' le droit, oppofes 
or denies the right. 

Defend re, to prohibit. 

Defens (mifes en), put in 
defence, prohibited. 

Defenfe, prohibition, com- 
mandment. 

Defenfed plait, maintain 
any plea. 

Defenfes, prohibited fea- 
fons and places. 

Defent, defends, 

Defere, 



D E 

Defere, fet afide, undo, de- 
feat, reverfe. 

Defefance des tern piers, 
the fupprejjion of the or- 
der of the knights-tem- 
plars, 

Defefant, undoing, defeat- 
ing. 

Defez, done. 

DefFerance (en), in preju- 
dice. 

Deffiaille, breach of faith, 

Deffranchiflant, disfran- 
chizing. 

Defie, mijtrujied. 

Defiete, loji, forfeited. 

Definement du terme, end 
of the term. 

Defiftes, did, gave. 

Deflis, tired. 

Defola, defoula, defula, 
defoules, trodden down, 
trampled upon, fpciled, 
damaged, ill-treated^ a- 
hufed, 

Defont, defeated. 

Defore, oppoje, objlru^. 

Defover, defower, to dig 
or take up again, to un- 
cover. 

Defoulours, fpoilers, rob- 
bers. 

Defrene vers lui, recovers 
againjl him, 

Detretz, 'will defeat. 

Defrifher, defrifcher, to 
li-ork by tilling the 
ground. 



D E 



59 



Defua fon baron, eloped 

from her hujhand. 
Defues, widows. 

Defuiaunr, running away, 
flying from. 

Dekila, defola, took out of 
the fold. 

Defuont, run away, 

Degage, give fecurity, 

Degages, replevied. 

Degaft, degeft, degata, 
fpoiled, wajied, trod 
down. 

Degayne, unfilled, 

Degile mancre, in an un- 
due manner. 

Degre, voluntarily. 

Degre voyde, a voidfpace, 

Degrer, degree. 

Degu, nouody. 

Deguerre, in "juar, 

Deguerpys, abandoned* 

De guilie, difguifed. 

Degun, any. 

Dcgutz, due. 

Deherte de fa feivre, /// of 
her fever. 

Dehors, in. 

Dehue, due. 

Dehonneflation defammes 
marriees, robbing mar- 
ried women of their cha- 
ftity. 

Dei, finger. 

Deia, dyed. 

Deignenc, condefcend. 

Deigner, grant. 

Dejca, 



Co D E 

DejedVj f brown down. 

Deins, ieelb. 

Deins aver, in the hands, 

Deinzfeins, denizens. 

Deinz (de) ti^ouxs,^ with- 
in ten days. 

Deinz, deinz qe, del deins, 
within. 

Dejofte, near, 

Deifiens, we faid. 

DeilTiers, dejired. 

Deiflbins, fay. 

DeifTons, Jhould fay. 

Deit, o-jje^ owing, owes, 
ought. 

Deites, debts. 

Dei>a, afore/aid, 

Deituie, right. 

Deive, ee, ought to he. 

Deivent, owe. 

Deiviers, right s^ duties. 

Deivoerent myles, there 
ought to be provided. 

De kcs en Tea, to this 
time. 

De kes ore, hitherto. 

De key, zvhcrefore^ till this 
time. 

Delair, rdcnfc. 

Delair, the month of De- 
cember. 

Delairont (fe), fhall diz'cji 
thcnijcrces. 

Delaidic (nous avons), we 
have given up. 

Delaiifer, to leave, for fake. 

Delaificmentz, relcafeSj ac- 
quittances. 



D E 

Deleaute, perfidy, rebel- 
lion, infamy, light cba- 
racier. 

Delermer, to beivc.il. 

Delers, befides. 

Deles, delay. 

Deles, delez, delees, a- 
bout, near. 

Deleiroms, 'use releafe. 

Delie, diffolved. 

Delinqetz, difrr.ifs. 

Delitable, deledabU, dear 
to him. 

Delitent, take a pleafure 
in. 

Deliverant, the affirmant. 

Deliverance (vers la), to- 
wards the fcffions of the 
gaol- delivery, 

Deliverannt, difpatching, 
performing. 

Dcliveraunce (a la), for 
the difcharge. 

Deliverer (le people), the 
people delivered at a gaol- 
delivery. 

Dclleanles, allegations. 

Delue, delayed. 

Df'lyt, delight. 

Demainer (en Ion), in his 
demefne. 

Demaincz, lords. 

Demaint, nozu, prefently. 

Demaricz^ married. 

Demaunder, to cry a thing, 
to fend. 

Dcmaygne(en), in demefne. 

Deme, to be. 

Demeanez, 



D E 

Demean cz, ordered, 
Demeigne, demenie, de- 

meine, own. 
Demein, to-morrow. 
Demcine (en), in the mean 

time, again. 
Denieins, witb lefs. 
Demenez, agitated,Jlirred. 
Demenge, Sunday. 
Dementenant en avant, 
from this time forwards. 
Dementers, while. 
Dementers (en), demen- 
tiers, in the mean time. 
Demefnez, ruled: demean- 
ed tbemfelves well. 
Demefure (a), beyond all 

meafure^ immoderately. 
Demette (fe), farts with. 
Demettenc (lei), fuhmit 
tbemfelves, render tbem- 
felves, 
Demettre, demltter, to let 
gOy to part witb, to put 
away. 
Demeures, wait. 
Demierkes, Wednefday, 
Demittable, demifeahle. 
Demoer, demourier, de- 
moerger, demorier, to 
remain, abide, dwell 
with. 
Demoere (la), the proteft, 

declaration. 
Demoere (la) le counte de 
Lane, tbeprotejlation of 
the earl of Lancajter, 



D E 6t 

Denionflrance, dedarati^ 
on, count, petition, re- 
tnonftrance, fuggejlion. 
Demorant teftament, lad 

will. 
Demorez, retained. 
Demorcr enfemble, to co* 

habit together, 
Demullrer, to fhew. 
Demy noer, midnight. 
Demys {2^,haspartedwith» 
Demyft (ne fe), did not 

put himfelf out, 
Dempt, taken. 
Den, dean. 

Dene, denne, a valley, 
Deneir, to give. 
Denerie, deanry. 
Dener, denier, denire, de- 
nercs, denercz, denrees, 
danree, a penny, money. 
Doners countauntz, ready 

money. 
Denier, deniafl:, denied, 

refufcd. 
Denier ]}ariks, towards the 

parts. 
Denioms, afraid, 
Denolcer, -zvages. 
Denomination (de lour), 

of their own naming. 
Denqui, beyond. 
Denree de pain, a penny 

worth of bread. 
Dent, give. 

Denucroit en la mercie, 
fjould he amerced. 

Denver, 



6i 



D E 



Denyer, dye, 
Denygres, obliterated, 
Denys (vos), give you, I 

lay before you. 
Denz, within, 
Denzeyn, denzeifne, de- 
nizen. 
Denzieme, defein, decenry, 
DeocifTe, diocefe^ dijirih, 

parijh. 
Deo/Te, boned. 
Deotantes, deodands, 
I)e par de la, beyond- fea. 
Dcpartable, divifible. 
Departier (a), feparate. 
Departies, difpofed of. 
Departirent, divided. 
Departie (la), the fepara- 

ticn. 
Departeemenr, feverally. 
Departure, parting. 
Depece, (loit denier) des 

pefce, let the money be 

broke to pieces. 
Depeciez, cancel^ tear. 
Depdad, in the commijfion 

of a robbery. 
Depen femen is,fuggeftions. 
Deper, on the behalf. 
Deperdcs, loffes. 
Dcpere, lo/i^ decayed. 
Depererary, fhall repair 

to. 
Depertier, to depart with. 
Depertire, depart from. 
Depcfcer, to unfold^ cut 

into pieces by ret ale. 



D E 

Depefcez prifon ont, have 
broken the prifon. 

Depefne (fon bafton eft), 
hisjiaffis broken. 

Depeireronc le mur, fhall 
break down the wall. 

Depieca, lately. 

Depiroient, taken away, 
defiroyed. 

Depiz, worfe. 

Deplain, in a fummary 
manner. 

Deplayer, to wound. 

Deprave, reviled, depre- 
ciated. 

Depredative (difleifine), a 
diffeijin gained by vio- 
lence, or clandejlinely. 

Deprovera, fhall difprove. 

Depoos, a depoftt. 

Deport, jufi, right, equit- 
able. 

Deport, refpeSl. 

De porte (je me), / rely 
upon it. 

Deporcer, to depart. 

Deporter, defportcr, di- 
verjion, recreation. 

Deport d'armes, laying 
down of arms. 

De qes en ca, to this time. 

Deques, until. 

D' qune, therefore. 

Deraners, dereein, lajl. 

Deralerent, broke to pieces^ 
cut to pieces, dejlroyed. 
Derchief, 



D E 

Derchief, derechief, deri- 
chefs, moreover, again ^ 
rcpetitiony from hence- 
forth. 

Dere, deer» 

Derere eux, in their abfence. 

Derene, dereinet, derain- 
ed, deraignedf deter- 
mined. 

Derener, dereigner, de- 
reyner, deraigner, de- 
reiner, derainer, to 
prove, to clear himfelf, 
to injlitute, to deraign. 

Derefon, fcorn^ contempt, 

D'reigne, derene, proof. 

Derire, behind-hand. 

Derife, mocked^ laughed at, 

Derognenc, derogate from. 

Deroguer, to abrogate. 

Deromper, to break. 

Derrai, damage. 

Derreiner, to endeavour. 

Derroin, dereint, lafi, 

Derroir, fhould give. 

Derruide, in a ruinous con- 
dition. 

Des, from, 

Des accordaunt, different, 
varying from. 

Defacort, difagreement. 

Defadunques, from that 
ii;ne. 

Defaifez, injured, troubled, 
hindered. 



D E 



^Z 



Defapeile, unfurnifhsd, un- 
provided, 

Defareftent, difcharge, re- 
lea fe from the arrejl, 

Defairentera, fhall refufe 
his affent. 

DefalTurez, difheartened, 
difcomfited. 

Defafure *, unferved, 

Defattames, unfinifhed. 

Defautes, dcfaute (ia), the 
want. 

Defavaunce, unadvanced, 

Defavowes, difclaims, dif- 
owns, refufes to jland 
to. 

Defavowes, difavowes, dif- 
avowed. 

Defavowes, unwarranta- 
ble, unjujiifiable. 

Defbalmant, clearing from 
the accufation, 

Defbaz, difputes. 

Defblemics, unblemifloed, 
uninvaded, 

Defboucher, to unjlop, to 
difpark, 

Defccitz, defcenicl, de- 
foynr, defceyntz, un- 
girded, 

Defcendue, determined. 

Defcendenc en enquefte, 
come to an inqueji, 

Defcendi (lui), def red hint- 



* See Rot. Pari. vol. II. p. 76. pet. 18. Potius d<fafvire, Hale's MS. 

Defcernez, 



64 



D E 



Pefcernez, decreed. 
Defceverance, to the fever- 

ance, 
Defchauces, barefoot. 
Defchauncee des Ibulers, 

bare-legged* 
Defchee, defer the. 
Defcheiez, tumbled down, 
gone to ruirif gone to de- 
cay, 
Defchete, abated, deduced, 
Defcheterie, efchealor. 
Defchevele, loofe, dijhe- 

veiled, 
Defcheu de fa plaint, lofes 
the benefit of his 'plaint. 
Defchevoir, deceive, 
Defclaire, declares, 
Defclaree, explained^ de- 
clared. 
DefclarifTenient, explana- 
tion, 
Defclor, defclar, difclofed, 

fet forth, 
Defclos, not inclofed. 
Defcomerfit a nubi, dif 

clcfed to any one. 
Defcortz, difcords. 
Defcovcnable, unfitting.^ 
unla-wful, nonjuridical, 
Defcovert (tout a), open- 
ly y fairly. 
Defcoulpc, excufed, jufi- 

ficd, 
Defcoutc, uncoz-cred. 
Defcoupant, exculpating. 



D E 

Defcounfeile, defcoum- 
fcille, difcounfeledy not 
filled up, unprovided, 

Delbres, decreafe. 

Defcrez, difcreet. 

Defcrie, difcovered, per-^ 
ceived, 

Defcripvrai, I will defer ibe, 

Defcroiitre, to grow lefs. 

Defcrus, decheue, decayed, 

Defcufer, to excufe. 

Defcyners, pledges defei- 
nes, pledges in the de- 
cenry. 

Defdeigz, difdainj difdains, 

Defduit, game. 

Deleele, deieefi, defeafe, 
defeux, uneafinefs, grief, 
trouble, charge, vexa- 
tion. 

Defeifez, difquieted. 

Defemez, unfown. 

Defempellrc, to get out of 
afnare. 

Defencrefcez, decreafed, 

Defenhabitez, uninhabited. 

Dcferes (lur), potius def 
cres, their decreafe. 

Defer it, defer ted, without 
remedy. 

Deferite, diftnherited, 

Defervie, not fupplied, un- 
ferved. 

Defer vy, intitkd to, de- 

ferved. 
Defes, deceafe. 

Defefparur, 



D E 

Defcfparer, to defpair. 

Defeterefon, dijinherifon. 

Deievere, parted^ divided. 

Defeverums, feparate, fe- 
ver, cut of from. 

Defeurer, to divide, fepa- 
rate. 

Defeuht eux, under them, 

Defeuverte, uncoveredjaid 
open, 

Desfermez, unlocked, 

Defgarnys, defgarrys, def- 
gorrie, unwarned^ un- 
provided^ unfurnifhed, 

Defgaynnes, untilled. 

Defgorrie, unprovided. 

Defhonte, without jhame, 

Defhors, defliorfe, from 
henceforth. 

Defia mis en pofleflion, al- 
ready put us in poffeffion. 

Defimes, make known. 

Desjoy names, parted, un- 
tied. 

Defiron, dejirous. 

Defke, fince. 

Delkes a ore, fo far. 

DeQaez, delayed. 

Defleaute, treachery, 

Defliez, loafed from^ dif- 
charged. 

Deflors, from that time. 

Defloyal, defleal, unlaw- 
ful, fraudulent. 

De fm ai n ten an ufro.n hence- 
forth, forthwith. 

E)ermariecz, unmarried. 



DE ^c, 

Defme garb, the tenth 
fheaf 

Defmeneront, fhall brings 
fhallfend, remove, 

Defmes, deer, 

Defmefurable, unbounded. 

Dcfmolicons, demolition, 

Defnaturel, defnatureus, 
unnatural. 

Defnaturee (lie de la), 
hound by nature. 

Defnigrer, to blacken, to 
defame, 

Delhue de amies, void or 
deftitute of friends, 

Defoienr, faid. . 

Defoies, faid; alfo unac- 
cujlc7ned. 

Defolent, ahufe, fpoil, 
trample upon. 

Defolerent (malement), 
evilly treated him, 

Delooth, beyond, above. 

Defordines accomptes, ir^ 
regular accompts. 

Defore, delhors, defore- 
naunt,dcforcnavant, de- 
fore en avant, deloren- 
droit, deformes, defore- 
mes, deformais, from 
henceforth, hereafter., 
from this time forward^ 
for the future, 

Defovere, unworked, un- 
wr ought. 

Defouz, deibz, under, un* 
derncath, hereafter- 

F Deiouz, 



66 



D E 



Defouz (mis au), ruined, 
Defoynte fa cote, bis coat 

ungiri. 
Delbz, defouz, hereafter, 

tinder. 
Defpaice, unpaid. 
Defpare, unequal force. 
Defparpkr, to be diftrt- 

buted. 
Defpafcercnt, eat up,fpoil- 

ed, ivajied. 
Defpeca, on that behalf. 
Defpendent (en), in the 

expenditure of it. 
Defpendre (a), to lay out. 
Defpendues, difperfed, 
Defpenf>?s, expetices. 
Defperager, to difparage. 
Defperee, unforefeen. 
Defpire, defpife. 
Y)c'i^\{aiz, Jpeedily, before 

this time. 
Defpice (en), defpifaiint 
(en), in contempt of^ in 
defpite of. 
Defpitoufement, defpite- 

fully. 
Defpitz, contempts^ hatred. 
Defplede, ivithout plea, 

unanfzvercd. 
Defplcyt, difpleafed. 
Defplie, difplayed. 
Uefploungc, overflowed^ 

flooded. 
Defpointer, difpute. 
Defpores, fpiirs. 
Defpoit et aes, their re- 
creation and cafe. 



D E 

Defportent (il), they for- 
bear. 
Defportere (lui), offf^y 

comfort him. 
Defportes, relieved, ex-^ 

cufed. 
Defportes de payer, ex- 
empted from paying. 
Defportera (il), be iviU 

difpenfe with. 
Defport (fans favour ou) \ 

fans deport faire a nuli, 

zvithout fhewing favour 

to any one, 
Defport (tant), fo long loff., 

fo long been deprived of, 
Defpoft (mis en),depcfitedy 

laid up in zvarehoufes. 
Defpourter, fpare. 
Defprie, unfetfed, untaken. 
Defpuliez, def polled. 
Delpurvue, unprovided. 
Defpyt (en) de lour de- 

faut, by way of punifj- 

ment for their default. 
Dcl'quarantre, to difcharge. 
Defque, defquel, defqe al 

jor, until the day. 
Defreinferement, lately, 
Defreine, proved. 
Defrengeront, fhall fet out. 
Delrefon (la), the unrea- 

fonablenefs. 
Defrobbez, robbed, de- 

f polled., vjafled. 
Defroy, to be out of or- 

der. 

Defrumputz, 



bE 

JDefruniputz, fqueezed to- 
gether^ burji. 

Deflafleurance, vnfafety^ 
dif appointment , difcom- 
fit, 

Defleme, not /own. 

DefTente, defcent. 

Deflevfer, to put a/under, 

Defliefe, dijfeiftn. 

Deflbuz, deluz, under, tin- 
derncath, hereafter. 

Deflbubs (ou), or there- 

. ahoutSy or within that 
number. 

DefTuify, feized. 

Defllifditz, defeuredis, a~ 
bovefaid, 

Deflachez, untacked. 

Deftail (a), by ret ale. 

Defteinantz, will fail, 
prove bad. 

Deftembez, dijlurbed^ 

Deftertre, defer t^ leave, 

Deftindter, to diflinguijh. 

Deftopper, to unfiop. 

Deftorberoms, would pre- 
vent it. 

Deftountz, Unknown. 

Dcftour, gone back. 

Deftr, dijlrefs. 

Deft ray iens, diftraffions. 

Dcftre, heldfajl. 

Deft re, a large horfe, a 
horfe of fervice for the 
great f addle in war. 

Dcftre (au), en ihi right 
band. 



D E 



'61 



Deftre mayne, the right 

hand. 
Deftf (a), over-againft. 
Dellreint, firaightenedy re- 

firained, difficult to corns 

at, expenjive, 
Deftreit, dellroitz, d'ef- 

troit, difiricfy dijlrefs 
Deftrement, fpeedily. 
Deltrefces, dijireffes, 
Deftrefle, deftrelTcc, com- 

puljion. 
DeftrefTe au roi, abridge 

the king. 
Deftreynt, proved a title 

to. 
Dcftrier, to try. 
Deftroufes, dejlru^ion, 
Deftrucr, to condemn, 
Deftrut, dejlroyed, 
Deftrutz, put out of, dif 

inherited, 
Defturbance, impediment, 

delay. 
Defvie, abufed. 
Deluer, to break through^ 

Jet qfde, undo, 
DelVerie, folly, 
Defuefe, injury^ hindrance;, 
DefveftieSj naked, uncloath^ 

ed, 
Defuis, defus, defuys, a- 

bove. 
Defuis TeDdre,tofurrendcro 
Delvoier, to wander cut of 

the way. 
Defurder, to raife. 

F 2 DefureSj 



68 



D E 



Defunes, above. 
Defurir, deftres. 
Defvorre, devoured. 
Dcfvoye, deviate, 
Defuis le mot, under the 

word, 
Defyra, tore. 
Det, /aid. 
Detrahe, taken out of the 

hands of, taken from, 

withdrawn. 
Decrees (a), to the de- 

creafe, 
Detreie, withdrawn. 
Detrenchent, cut. 
Detrie, tried. 
Detriment (le), the trial. 
Deu, Deus, Deux, God. 
Deu, of. 
Deu, of the. 
Deu, a debt. 
Deu, deuz, due. 
Deuantz, devotions. 
Deubter, was afraid. 
Deu cas, two cafes. 
Deues, two. 
Deura, deurons, ought. 
Deurees, dueres, deuries, 

deures, devers, money, 

effe5ls. 
Deuroient, floould fhield. 
Deuront, deurent, ought. 
Deurra, will give, will 

prefent. 
Deutz, deubtz, due. 
Deuvre, to be indebted. 
Djux, dies. 



D E 

Deux (en), on God^ in 
God. 

Deux, deus, two, both. 

Deuxiefme, fecond. 

Devaler, to go downwards, 
to bring down. 

Devanciers, aforetime. 

Devanciers, anceftors. 

Devan \uy, from him. 

Devantement, devoutly. 

Devates, difputes, debates. 

Deveier, will deny. 

IDtw enem, which fall, come 
into. 

Devenfit, had come. 

Devenfift enceinte, be- 
came enjient. 

Devenuz, arrived at, be- 
come. 

Devent, before. 

Devenk, devent^ become. 

Devcr, to dye. 

Devcr, to owe, to be in- 
debted. 

Dever, duty. 

Dever, devers, againfi. 

Devere eaux, on their 
-part. 

Devers, dead. 

Devers, the money. 

Devers le fyn, towards the 
end. 

Devers pere ou mere, of 
the father's or mothefs 
fide. 

Devers la mere, on the 
mother's fide. 

Deverfee, 



D E 

tkverfee, withj in the 

power of. 
Devereire, devoir. 
Devereit, ought to be. 
Devereit dire, ought to fay. 
Deverait (ne), ought not 

to have. 
Deverount (a ceux qui 

les), to the owners. 
Deverie(en),/K a delirium, 
Deveftua (ne), foall not 

be put by. 
Devez, devifed, furmifed. 
Devi, owes. 
Deviafl, dyed. 
Devicocz, had fell, had 

come into. 
Devient, dye ; alfo, they 

owe. 
Devin, divine. 
Devinar, divination. 
Devis, devife. 
Devifable, divifible. 
Devifee, devifed^ appointed. 
Devifes (en), in the divi- 

fion. 
Devifeemenr, feverally. 
Devoer, ability. 
Devoidable, may be di- 
vided. 
Devoir, to have. 
Devoir, deCtitut, dejtitute 

of wealth. 
Devolupa, devolute, de- 
volved. 
Devomus rien, we owe no- 
thing. 



D I 



69 



Devote (ne), ought not, 
Devove, appointed. 
Devouz, devoted, 
Devoy, fubmit, 
Devoyant (en), in right 

of. 
Devoy er, endeavour. 
Devy elpoufera, foall ef-^ 
poufe. 

Dewaunt, before, 

Dewe, due. 

Dewe, two, 

Dcx, God. 

Dexcinr, fifteen. 

Dey, finger. 

Dey appcr, ought to ap- 
pear. 

Dey, devy, dieth, died. 

Deycuns, we faid. 

Deyes, drivers of ^ eefe, 

Dcyne, his own. 

Dey me, the tenth. 

Deyms, deynes, does. 

Dey mil s, fayd. 

Deynr, alledge^ fay. 

Deyve, deyvent, deiva, 
deyne, owe, ought. 

Deze, dez, ten. 

Dezeyners, deciners. 

DT, half 

Dian, dean. 

Diaules, devils. 

Diaulx, two. 

Dibendre, Friday. 

Dibilic, difabled, reduced^ 
infirm. 



F 



Dicel. 



^0 D f 

Dicel, of this fame. 
Dicelle (a), from hence- 
forth, 
Dici, of this, 
Dift, « ijoord. 
Diem an e, Sunday* 
Dieme, the tenth. 
Diemenches (li rois des), 

rex dierum dominico- 

rum, Trinity-Sunday, 
Dien, they fay. 
Dienee, deanry, 
Dient, ought, 
Dieu, due. 
Dieux, two. 

Diez, Dies, Dieux, God. 
Difalmement, defamation. 
DifFenle, defence. 
Differ, defeated. 
Diffinite, of affinity. 
Diffie (foy), pits himfelf 

out. 
DifFuantez,/<'<i. 
DifFuantz Ic lei, in defiance 

of the law. 
Dignier, a fenny. 
Dijau, Dijou, ihurfday, 
Di jco, I fay. 
Dilai, deJay. 
Dilapidez, dilapidated^ 

wafted^ fquandered away. 
D'ilent, of the entire. 
Dillation, delay. 
Dilleoques,dillouqucs,i7/- 

terwards. 
Dilliours, of eletlors. 
pilueques,/ri//» tkmce. 



Dimaigne, dimeine, dn 
meins, dimeignt, di- 
menche, dimegne,^iK«r 
day. 
Dimar, Tuefday, 
Dimecre, tVednefday, 
Dimifes, difmiffed. 
Diner, a -penny. 
Dinquios, as far as^ hi* 

therto. 
Dins, /», within, 
Diole, a dial. 
Dionc, may fay. 
Diotre, due, daily. 
Dious, Dius, God. 
Direchef, again, 
Direpc, took^ accept, 
Dirrain, lafi. 

Dirs cnkes, different inks, 
Dirupt, broken down. 
Diruite, thrown down, 
Dis, ten. 

DifafTentz, diffent. 
Difavaile, difadvantage. 
Difavances, unadvancedy 

unpro'vided for. 
Diiavifcs, unwary. 
Difavowable de droit, a- 

gainjl law. 
Difccte, he defends. 
Difch, difh. 
Difchapper, to efcape out 

of. 
Dilcheifit (ren), any thing 

fjould be abated. 
Difci, dis {icum^finceyfor 
as much as. 

PircQiture;^ 



D I 

Difcolture, difcolouring, 

Difcombrance, dijluvbance. 

Difcontinue, difcontinu- 
ance. 

Difconveniable perfons, 
improper^ wifit perfons, 

Difcorage, difcouragement. 

Difcourer, to cleanfe. 

Difcoverirent, uncovered ^ 
difcovered. 

Difcovcrc, a woman un- 
married, 

Difcrcpancie, a difagree- 
ment, difference. 

Difcries enemies, pro- 
claimed, notorious ene- 
mies. 

Difcriver, difcever, to dif 
cover. 

DifcLirrer, to run up and 
down, through. 

Difcuter, to difcufs, 

Difdeinance, defpifing. 

Difdid, a yielding or con- 
fejfion of guilt. 

Dife, the tenth part. 

Difeame, unfcived. 

Difeafe, trouble^ inconve- 
nience, dijlrefs. 

Difeafez, injured, troubled, 
hindered, difquieted. 

Difenef, nineteen. 

Difes, dice, 

Difefet, feventeen. 

Difctte (de),/(5r want, 

Disfoith ataunt, ten times 
as much. 

Pifgrade, degraded. 



D I 



yi 



Diflieritefon, difinherifon, 
Difinfovie, unburied, taken 

up again. 
Difliee, under no obliga- 



tion. 

Difliver, to difplace. 

Dilmables, tytheable. 

Difmaric, unmarried. 

Difme quinquinall, a tenth 
'of all goods for five year s 
together, 

Difmenges, on Sundays. 

Diloitifme, the i^th part, 

Difpaire (en), in danger. 

Difparagation, diiparage- 
ment ; the matching 
an heir, (yc, in mar^ 
riage, under his or her 
degree or condition, or 
againji the rules of de^ 
cency. 

Difpencer, to dif charge^ 

Dilpend, depend, 

Difpendre, put off, hin- 
deredy avoided. 

DHpendus, difpenfedwitk. 

Difper, defpair^ danger. 

Dii'pergez, difpated, fe- 
vered. 

Difport, diverfion, enter' 
tainment. 

Difpit, difpitz, contempt, 

Dilpitoufe, contcmptucus, 

Difplett difpleafes. 

Difpos (mis en), laid up. 

Dilporter (eux), eafe theniy 
excufe them. 

F 4 Difpuceler, 



74 



D I 



Difpuceler, to deflower, 
. Difro b be, robbed, fpoiled, 

Difiate, Saturday, 

Difleites, deceits. 

Diflentcz, diffenjions. 

Diffi la qui, tint ill that, 

Difliny, performed. 

DifTifme, tenth. 

Difvyt, dyfwiit, eighteen. 

DifTu, deceived. 

Did commun, common re- 
port, fame. 

Diflaunce, difference^ dif- 
piite. 

Diftinder, to difiinguifh. 

Diftintiaunr, dijlinguifhing. 

Difutime, eighteenth. 

DiftraCtion (fans), with- 
out damage. 

Diflz articles, aforefaid ar- 
ticles. 

Diflraire, to withdraw. 

Dillreafable, which may be 
di/irained. 

Diflri61uels, diflricls. 

Diflreindre (fans ricn) en 
dure man, holding him 
by the hand without 
fqueezing it too hard. 

Diftrent (que), wLo alledg- 
ed. 

Diftrent (ils), they faid. 

Diltrover, to deflrcy. 

Diflrue, diltroue, dtflroy- 
ed, (iifparaged. 

Diiturbance, hindrance, 
prevention. 



DO 

Difturberent (ne les), did 

not prevent them. 
Dit, decree. 
Dit (en), in word, 
Ditant, during the time. 
Ditas parties, the faid 

parties, 
Ditez, called. 
Dition (en la), in the 

power ^ jurifdi^ion. 
Divers, differing, different. 
Divenement, diverfely^fe- 

verally. 
Dividende, fchedule, lifl, 

indenture. 
Divinal, of divination. 
Divifc, given. 
Divifion, ejtablijhment. 
Divont (ne), ought not, 
Dix, God. 
Diz, faid, aforefaid. 
Dm, domina, dame, lady, 
Doayre, doans, dower. 
Dobbours des draps, fel- 
lers of cloth. 
Doctrinez (en), inJlruSted 

in. 
Doel, grief. 
Doen, gift. 
Doen cliar, due ejlate. 
Does, given, 
Doi cent (li), the 200. 
Doiauntz, who ought, 
Doibt, doi, deux, finger, 
Doibuent, ought to be. 
Doient (que il), what they 

owe, that they are in debt. 
Doigne, 



D O 

Doigne, granted. 
Doigner, tenders, yields, 

grants, gives. 
Dome, ought, 
Doioers, dowers. 
Doire, to hear. 
Doirees, wares, goods, ef- 

feSis. 
Doit, doner, ought to give, 

is to give. 
Dol, forrow, grief. 
Dolauz, aggrieved. 
Doleances, grievances, 
T)o\twi, grieving, troubled. 
Doles (les) de forefl, the 

bounds oftheforeji. 
Dolet, an ax. 
Dolions, we complain of. 
Doloir, to aggrieve. 
Doloroufemenc, wofully, 

grievoufly. 
Domage, dammage. 
Dome ^ndiX, final fentence. 
Domerche, domejlic. 
Doms eftre cerceins, ought 

to be certain. 
Domt, give. 
Don, of the. 
Donables, ajfignahle. 
Donance, giving. 
Don aunt, procurement. 
Done, giien. 
Done, doniflions, taken. 
Donei, granted. 
Donerunc, vave^ granted. 
Donewyz, '-^unwich. 
Don lui, of the place. 
Donnant, rcfervation, 
Donne, a lady. 



D O 



73 



Donor (de), by gift, 

Donqes, then. 

Donu, donefein, doneifon, 
donyfon, donacioun, 
gift, grant. 

Doraunt, during, 

Dorce, back, 

Dore, a door, 

Dorem,Doream, Durham. 

Dorer (a), to be given. 

Dorefenavant, from hence- 
forth. 

Dorra, fhallgive it, or dif- 
pofe of it. 

Dorront, agree, confent. 

Dorrount, remain there. 

Dortour novell, new dor- 
mitory. 

Dos (par le), by the creji. 

Do fee, twelve. 

Dofer, dol'el, a hanging or 
canopy of filk, filver, or 
gold-work, under which 
kings or great perfonages 
fit ; alfo the back of a 
chair of ft ate. 

T)oiAunc(ts,difputes, doubts. 

Dote, doutftful. 

Dote (nount pas) dc- tref- 
pafier, are not at all 
afraid of offending. 

Dotier (il fait a), there is 
reajon to fufpett. 

Dotif, doubtful. 

Dotoient, /r'-;;/ /. 

Dotous. douAful. ;■; ucuht, 

Douer, gft. ■ 

Doujour?^ of t:. 

:J 'lice. 



74 



D O 



Doulce, gracious, gentle. 
Douloit, complained of, 
Dounfres, Dumfreis. 
Dount, wherefore, from 

whence, 
Dovorre, Dover. 
jDour, given. 
Douree, Dover* 
Dous, two. 
Doull, ought^ rnuji, 
Douftres, diiftres, leaders, 

commanders. 
Doutance, doubtantes, 

doubts. 
Doutantz (meyns), lefs 

fearing. 
Doute, fear, fears, 
Doute ceo, apprehends^ 

fupports it, 
Doute, en doute, douht- 

ful. 
Douterent, feared. 
Doutez, feared. 
Douvent, give. 
Doux, two. 
Douymc, the fecond. 
Dovvarie, dower. 
Dowc, endozved. 
Yioy, finger. 
I)ov (ne), I ought not. 
Doy bicn avoir (Ic), // is 

right I fJjoidd have it. 
Dovgna, condefcended. 
Doygncr, doigncr, to give. 
Doynt, gives. 
Doz (au), en cur backs. 



D R 

Doz peres, the twehB 
peers of France. 

Dozze, doze, dozime, do- 
zine, twelve; the 12th, 

Dr, drz'it,. right. 

Dragges, draggus, little 
boats or veffels formerly 
ufed on the river Se- 
vern. 

Dragguent oiftres, drag 
oyjtcrs. 

Drappcaux quarrez, ban- 
ners. 

Drechier, to redrefs, 

Dred: (par), by right, 

Dreille, a ditch. 

Dreine, produced. 

Drekes, until. 

Drence, difference. 

Drenc (il eft), he is prcV' 
ed, 

Drenerc, lajl. 

Drengage (en), the tenures 
by which the drenches or 
drengers held their lands. 

Dres, Drez, right, 

Drefccnn (la), redrefs it. 

Dreder, to compile. 

Dret, a dret, overagainf}, 
cppofite. 

Drettcs, right, jitfl. 

Dretture, right. 

Dreyn, drein, prefcnt, lajl 
prefentation. 

Dreyn (au), at lajl. 

Dreyt (tot), dire^ly. 

proit 



D U 

Droit (de), of law. 
Proic (en), concerning^ in 

right of. 
Droite mauvefte (^), out 

of mere wickednefs, 
Droiturs et devots, juji 

and devout. 
Dromandes, dromandes \ 

vejfels called hy that 

name. 
Droufda, Drogheda. 
Drout, diont, fay. 
Druthin Dieu, thehoufeof 

God. 
Tiu,God. 
P'liat, before. 
Dublee, duplicate ofy re- 
peated. 
Dublein (treis), threefold. 
Dubles (treis), three tiroes 

twelve. 
Ducatz tetz, dutchy fees. 
Duce, kind^ tender. 
Duce, leads. 

Duce (eawe), frefh zvater. 
Duchemen, Dutchmen. 
Dudzime, twelve. 
Due, of the. 
Due, !o difpofe of. 
Duercnt avoir (ne), 77iight 

not have. 
Duer, lafs, endures. 
Dues, two. 
Dues, ought. 
Duete (de), as a duty. 
Duetees, duties. 
Ducz (lui), due to hinj, 
pu faire, io dj. 



7S 



D V 

t)ui, to-day, 
Dui fil, two fons. 
Duiflby (que jeo), that I 

am fuppofed. 
Dui ft, let him give. 
Duift aver tQQu'is, fuppof- 
ed to have been killed. 
Duit, duifte, duiflent, aver 

efte, ought to have been. 
Duitez, duytz, duties^ 

rights. 
Dulce le roy (tres), mofl 

gracious king. 
Dun, gift. 
Dunes, downs. 
Dunge, dune, give^ given. 
Dunk, dune, dunky, then, 

therefore. 
Duodes, twelve. 
Duoirs, duties, 
Duppur, duplicate. 
Durement dormy, Jlept 

faji. 
Durer, continue^ remain, 
Dures, hardened. 
Duiefie, durette, hardfhip, 

difficulty. 
Duiete (canz de),y^ many 

hardfhips. 
Durice, durete, durce^ 

compulfon^ durefs. 
Durrnene, overcome. 
Durra, will give. 
Durum s, live. 
Dus, duke. 

Dufcenz, two hundred. 
Dulerme, twelfth. 

Dufkes 



76 



E A 



Dufkcs a chon qe, until 

thai. 
DulFc, two. 
Duflent, dufont (que), 

who jhciild^ ought ^ are 

fuppofed. 
Duftrcs, ring-leaders. 
Duw (en lu), in due place. 
Duz, due. 

Duz, dus, dug, a leader. 
Dufze, duze, tivelve. 
Duzim, twelfth, 
Dy, duejuft. 
Dyent,y^, are of opinion. 
Dyent eft re, they fay more- 
over. 
Dymain (le), the morrow. 
Dymenges, Sundays, 
Dymes, tythes. 
Dymeyne, dy main,6'««^^j. 
Dymis, tythes. 
Dyners, dinners. 
B'yntrLifion, of intrufwn. 
Dys, dyz, ten. 
Dyleot livres et neof, 

eighteen pounds Jiincfhil- 

lings. 
Dyfpais (touz), everfjice. 
Dyvelyz, Diihl'm. 
Dyvcnt point (ne), ought 

not. 
Dyvintz, divines. 

Eand. 
' Ea, and^ alfc^ fur- 
ther. 
Eagc, age. 



E E ' 

Eage, life. 

Eantz, having. 

Eare, to plow. 

Eafe (fera), 7nay eafe him* 

felf 
Eafez, moderate^ eafy. 
Eaue, eave, eawe, water. 
Eaux, ewes. 
Eaux, they. 

Eaux meilincs, themfehcs. 
Eauz, eaux, eaus, them. 
Ebahir, to befurprifed. 
Eble, Eubolo. 
Ebrieux, Hebrew, 
Echeift, falls. 
Echerount, fh all fall out, 

fh all fall J fhall efcheat. 
Echever, to efcape, 
Ecil enfens la terre (fore 

k), only thofe within 

that land. 
Ecumieur, a pirate. 
Ede, Eudo. 
Edcl, noble, illujlrious. 
Edovart, Edvalt, Edwars, 

Edward. 
Ee (aver), to have been. 
Een, be. 
Een fait dcins Tan (ne 

yen), has not been made 

within the year. 
Eent, have. 
Ecs, bfcs. 
Eefe, plea [tire. 
Eeil, ell, 'Ecift. 
EeZ; hear J had, have. 

Effcrtull, 



E I 

EfFerant 1', the proportion. 
EfFeaulI, effectual, 
EfForablement (tant), in 

as a ftrong manner. 
EfForcer, to aid, ajjiji, 
Efforcement, force. 
EfForcez, Jlrengthened, fe- 

cured, 
EfForcier peis, to break a 

treaty of peace. 
EfFouage, hearth money. 
EfFours, efforts^ endea- 

vours, 
EfFunder, to fhed^ fpill. 
Egarri, healed. 
Egas, decifion, judgement, 

award. 
Egeceftre, Exeter. 
Egglifc, church. 
Egife, lyes. 

Egiftemenr, ogifment. 
Egle, eagle. 
Egle (de I'honur de 1'), 

of the honour of the 

eagle. 
Eguifer, to happen. 
Egun, any. 
EguLint glia elle, they 

have been. 
Ehonte, infamous. 
Ei 0'), I have. 
Eians, men. 
Eiants, having. 
Eide, aid. 
Eien.s, ever. 
Eier veue (i'), have fen 

it. 



EI 77 

Eies, forwards, 

Ejets a cuer, have at 

heart. 
Eil (s'), if they. 
Eimient Dieu, love God. 
Ein, ceo, rather. 
Eincz fes hours, before 

thefe times. 
Eindegre, own accord. 
Eine temps (d'), before, 

of a prior date. 
Eines, in, that. 
Einglife, church. 
Ein quy, within whofe. 
Einfnes, eldefl. 
Eins ceo, when, unlefs, the 

fame, rather, until. 
Eins ceux q le adior, be- 
fore the plaintiff. 
Eins (fi), before. 
Eins tenus (l'), in the 

mean time. 
Einfperkcr, impound.. 
Einz, but, in. 
Einz ceo qil, before thai 

he. 
Einz qe, before that. 
Eioms, have. 
Eions (dc), of having. 
Eions (de), of his. 
Eir (1'), the eyre. 
Eir, eirs, heir, heirs. 
E i re n c, wander, fray, 
Eires, ayries. 
Eiric, to hatch. 
E:rie de elpernons, a 

young brood of ha ivks. 
Eifkes, 



yt EL 

Eiflces, until, 

Eifli, as, 

Eiflj CO eft a faver, ififo- 
much, 

Eifll ne por quant que, 
provided^ neverihelefsy 
that. 

EifliUiez, exiled. 

Eifllr, to go out of. 

Eifiic, departure^ exit. 

Eiflb, this. 

Eifl (de r), on the eajiern 
part. 

Eit n*, have not. 

Eivers (de), of goods found, 
of cattle, 

Eivos, behold. 

El, in; nothing, 

Elbit, eight. 

Elef, elefe, Jlux and re- 
flux, 

Eles, eyes, 

Elevi, chofen. 

Eleyer (poet), may chufe. 

Elez, on a fudden, 

Elin, a gentleman. 

Elifer, to chufe. 

Ellus, chofen. 

Elegger, to alledge. 

Eloviaunce, allowance, con- 
nivance. 

Elm, helmet. 

Elves, chofen. 

Elus, ufuages, 

Embandiz, emboldened, en- 
couraged. 

Embas, below. 



E M 

Embatent (s'), intermed- 
dle. 
Embeafiler, to filch. 
Kmbd\\es,fet forth, Jhew- 

ed. 
Embefche, impeached, 
Emblea difmes, carries off 

his tytbes. 
Em blear (1'), the emblem^ 

ments. 
Embleent, carry out of, 

remove, 
Embleer, a feedfman, to 

fow. 
Emblemy, unimpeached, 

unhurt. 
Embler, tofleal. 
Emblez, embles, emblees 

(par), by Jtr at agent, by 

furprize. 
Embloioure (de), ofjleal- 

ing. 
Embofoigne, 7ieedeth, re- 

quiretb. 
Embofoignera (fil), if need 

be. 
Embrace, undertaken, em^ 

braced, purchafed. 
Embracez (ont), have in- 

groffed. 
Embreafer, to hum. 
Embrevure, a regifter. 
Embu, drunk up. 
^WLh\xzY.z\\\^wi,amhufcade, 
Erne, with. 
Erne, emie, ejlimation, 

price, 

Emerckri:^, 



E M 

Emercient, amerced. 

Eme.rgentz, arifing, 

Emfle, puffed up, 

Emfauntz, children. 

Emi, emmi, in half, in 
the middle, 

Emiecz, iffuedy fent out. 

Eminentz, impe?idiHg, 

Emmi, between, 

Emmorti, become dead. 

Emmurrer, to wall about, 

Emoi, emotion. 

E 111 i n es , wit neffes, 

Emologation de la court 
de parlament, the con- 
jirmation of the court of 
parliament. 

Emon, Edmond. 

Emon'ir, admcniJJjed. 

Empakkur (T), the pack- 
ing. 

Emparke, emparkez, im- 
pounded. 

Emparkement, a park, en 
emparhnent. 

Emparnours, undertakers 
of fuits. 

Empaflimcnt (en ion), in 
his infirmity, impedi- 
ment. 
Em pec he, impeached. 
Empeirez, empirez, im- 
paired. 
Em pell \T[ 1'), which is 

called. 
Emptrndent, pendant. 
Empenfioiis, penfions. 



EM 79 

Empercment, in ornament- 
ing^ repairing, 
Emperez (fe foient), have 
poffeffed them/elves of, 

Emperler, to imparle, 

Empernant, affuming, pre- 
tending to, 

Empernent a champart, 
take for maintenance, 

Empernour, ihe taker. 

Em pes chenienz (por di- 
vers), an account of di- 
vers impediments. 

Empefchable, impeacha- 
ble. 

Empefchement, impeach- 
ment^ impediment. 

Empetrer, to require, io 
inffi. 

Empiel (ley), imperial or 
Ctvil laiv. 

Empiete, impiety. 

Empire tant nequant, nei- 
ther better or voorfe than 
before. 

Empla,y?(5/«f. 

Kmplee (cenc), latidfozvn. 

i^mplere, to fill. 

Empleroms, we will fulfil. 

Emplevift (fe), got pofj'ef- 
fion again. 

Emplir, to fulfil, 

I'miply, imply ed. 

Kmportablez charges, in- 
tolerable, heavy charges. 

Emportunemenr, impcr- 
innately. 

Empotcntz, 



So 



E N 



Empotentz, impotent t in- 
firm. 
Emprain(5l, im-prejfed, 
Empraine, in hand, 
Emprant, borrowing, 
F.mpreiant, praying, 
Empreigne, em print, taken 

upon thcmfelves, 
Emprenr, borrow ; alfo, 

taught, 
Emprent, who undertakes. 
Emprcnt, imprejfion. 
Empres, pledged. 
EmprefTerenr, engaged^ 

hindered, 
Emprez, empres, after, 

afterwards. 
Empriantz, befeeching. 
Emprimechief, firfi of all. 
Empris, undertaken, taken 

up. 
Emprifle, undertaking. 
Empriums, beg, pray. 
Empromptz, empraunt, 

emprant, borrowing. 
Empuis (d'), afterwards. 
Empuiflc, may. 
Empuiflbnement, impri- 

fonment. 
En, in, by^ within. 
Enaager, to declare one to 

be of age. 
Enabyter, to inhabit. 
En aprcs, hereafter. 
Enarer, in time pafi. 
Enarer cea, to this time, 

Icrctofore^ 



E N 

Enavant, for tU time t9 
come. 

En oultre, furthermore. 

Enbataillez, in battle ar- 
ray^ engaged in battle. 

Enbeverer, to water, alfo 
a watering place. 

Enbeverer (droit de), right 
of watering, or taking 
in water for cattle. 

Enblauncher, to blanch, to 
make white. 

Enblee, enblaye de ble 
yvernail, fown with 
winter corn, 

Enbleir, to fieal. 

Enboifinera, will want. 

Enbofid, emboffed. 

Enbofognez, engaged in 
bufinefs. 

Enbouellecz, embowelled. 

Eribrace, encroached. 

Enbraudez, embroidered, 

Enbrever, to minute down, 
to reduce into writing. 

Enca, heretofore, fome time 
pafl. 

Encariez, carried away, 

Encaver, to beware. 

Encea, enci, fo, alfo, af- 
terwards. 

Enccpper, to confine him, 

Encerc, yet. 

Enccynte, quick with child. 

Encha (depuis hiiit jours), 
within thefe eight days^ 

En chain, appeafe. 

Enchancer, 



E N " 

Enchancer, to alter, to 

raife. 
Enchappelle, crowned with 

a crown y or coronet. 
Encharger, encharchees,/.? 

give in charge. 
Enchafe, drove away. 
Enchafer, to compel. 
Enchalconez, chafed. 
Enchafon, enchefon, en- 

cheflbn, enchefcun, en- 
^chifon, caufe, occafion, 

reafon. 
Enchaunterie, witchcraft. 
Enchaz et rechaz, inchace 

and outchace ; the right 

of driving cattle to and 

from a common. 
Encheires, enhanced, made 

dear. 
Encheiez, decayed. 
Encherer, to enhance the 

price of. 
Encherifie (ne),^c not raife 

the price of. 
Enchefcune, encheifonez, 

enchcfones, enchefon, 

funifhed^ called in qtief- 

tion, crofs-examined. 
Enchiez, at^ to. 
Enchi la, there. 
Enchres, anchors. 
Enci, /o, alfo, afterwards. 
Enclaimanr, claiming. 
Enciairf], hrouvht to li'iht. 
Enclarre, d'enciorc, to :n- 

clofc. 



E N 



i 



Encliner del oyl (par), hy 

a wink of the eye. 
Enclos (lejour), the day 

included, 

Enclofe, to inclofe. 

Encloflrure, inclofure.. 

Enclouez, Jludded. 

Enclowe, pricked by a 
nail. 

Encoires, hefides, 

Encois, before. 

Encolourerent, involved. 

Encombremcn, incroach- 
ment., incumbrance. 

Encomicer, to be commit- 
ted. 

Encon, on high. 

L ncontre, meets, encounter- 
ed^ oppofed. 

Encontrer (d'j, to jneet, 

Encontre mount, in the 
afcending. 

Encontre val, downwardsi 

Encontrevenent, undo. 

Enconvent, cnconvenan- 
cies, covenanted. 

Encorancment (1'), the c(P 
ronation. 

F.ncorovctz, encourage. 

E n c o r Li , a cere wing . 

Encoruc, encoruz, barred. 

Encoruz, encoure, enco- 
I'li, incurs. 

Encoile, collateral. 

Encolleanies, on the laKhs, 
Jldt-. 

Lr.coiip.tiibleSj tcthe count s, 
•-T Encuup;;, 



82 



EN 



Encoupe, indi£ledt charged, 

accufed, guilty. 
Encouterabk, count er- 

pleadable. 
Encoutmentcom(aincois), 

but as foon as ever. 
Encrccedu moiul (dc lour), 

cf their worldly income, 
Encrecer, to accrew, to in- 

creafe. 
P^ncres, increafe, accejfion. 
Encreft, accrews^ increafes. 
Y.ncroc,Jixed to a crofs. 
Encruflrcnt, iticreafed. 
Encurru, come, arrived. 
Encufer, to accufe. 
Encuicrez (n'), ivill net 

accufe. 
Y.T\cukmtvdJndiolment,ac- 

cufation, impeachment. 
Ency, therein. 
Encz, but. 

Endegcs, fupsrnnn:iatcd. 
Endeiront, ijoill endeavour. 
Endentier (d'), to indent^ 

to he made party to en 

indenture. 
Endctte la maifon (il), he 

hcd run the houfe in 

debt. 
Endcvera, fairc (ceo quil), 

ijuhat be ouzht to do 

therein. 
Endeux, both. 
Endcyvent eilrc quires 

(qi.iil), thai they ought 

to be ilift.harged. 



E N 

Endicion, indiSIion. 
Endirez, in like manner 

may be /aid. 
Endirra, will declare. 
Enditement, interpreta- 
tion. 
Endivrons, will ajfijl. 
Endormer, to charm. 
Endormy (t'uit), was dor^ 

mant. 
Endofle, back, encourage. 
Endofler, endoccr, to in- 

dorfe. 
Endou, to be endowed, 
Endreit (a feit nous), hath 

made us amends, fatis- 

faolion, 
Fndreyt, relating to. 
Endroit (1'), without, out- 
wards. 
Endroir, d'endrett, in right 

cf, with refpeol to, 
Endront (en quel},/;? what 

place. 
Enduccnr, cccafion, bring 

on. 
V. n d u c c ro n t, will pcrfir.dc, 

induce. 
Enducez (a cc), brought 

to that. 
Enduirons (ne), will not 

entice, perfuade. 
Endurze, hardened. 
juiccz, have, received. 
lilnem'iP.blciriCnt, in a hof- 

tile manner. 
Enentc, ruined. 

Enewance 



E N 

Encwance de draps, wa- 
tering of cloth. 

Enfamant (adtions en), ac- 
tions of fcandal. 

Enfamie, infamy^ infa- 
mous. 

Enfaimcea, enfaunc en- 
gendra, brought forthy 
of was delivered of a 
child. 

Enferges, put in irons. 

En ferment, confine. 

Enfiace, mercy. 

Enfile, twined, t'^rifled, 

Enfo, enfovie, buried. 

En fond re, broke. 

Enforce, firengthens. 

Enforfet, offending. 

Enformer, to inflrucl, in- 
form. 

Enformefons, fpscches. 

Enfortune (par), by mif- 
fortiine^ accident. 

Enfouncez, ■poured out, 

Enfoundrecs, fiink^ ever- 
flowed, under water. 

Enfourny, performed. 

E n frai g n a n ce, infringe- 
ment. 

Enfraindrant, fJoall in- 
fringe.^ 

Enfranchife (nient), not of 
record. 

Enkaunchee (a poi), al- 
mojl overrun with fran- 
chifes. 

• oee Lowei ^ 

G 



EN ^3 

Enfreindre (1'), the breach* 

Enfrenge, enfreimte, 
broken. 

Enfreoms, ive will do 
therein. 

Enfuift, deferts. 

Enfyiucz (melius enii 
ti)ez),> kiHed ^\ 

Eniiacie, mort^azed. 

EnL!;ao;e, betrothed. 

Engager le batail, to of- 
fer battle. 

Engaigement, pledge. 

Ehgaines, guarded. 

EngarnicS, withheld, fur- 
rounded, fenced-in. 

Engaux, equal. 

Engendre (a), to bebegotten, 

Engendrure, iffue. 

J'^ngctter, engeicer, to ejecl. 

Engin, enghein, engine- 
men c (mai), /// dejign, 
dccit, fraud. 

Engirer (pur), to cheat .^ 
defraud, feducCy intice. 

E n g i n e u fe ill e n t , groaning, 
lamentino;. 

Englarerra (roy d'), k'rng 
of England. 

Englcleid, England. 

Kng'.elche, i'.ngles, Eng- 
hjh. 

Englecherie, proof that a 
pcrfon fctr:d hiUcd was 
of Er.glifo extrii^ion^ 
and not a forel'mer. 
Di.-t. Alfath, 

2 Eneluc- 



84 



E N 



Engluerount (fe), will fix 
en themfehes the guilt of 
the crime. 
Engnes, Agnes. 
En gracious, ungracious , 

untoward. 
Engravance, grievance, 

mokjiation* 
Engriever, to aggravate, 

Engyn par, by deceit. 

Enhabler, to enable. 

Enhauce, enhaunce, raif- 
edf exalted. 

Enheritants (les), the in- 
habitants. 

Enheriteez (eft), is in- 
titled. 

Enheritementez, heredita- 
ments, 

Enheritez, having an in- 
heritance in. 

Enhuiller, to adminijler ex- 
treme unBion. 

Enientez, rendered niill^ a- 
voided. 

Enjevin, of Anjou, 

Enimifle, enmity. 

Enjojalee, furjiifhedy pro- 
vided with jewels. 

Enjont, enjoining. 

E n i oy n te, joined. 

Enkc, ink. 

Enki, thuSy fo. 

Enlaylla, y^/// thither. 

Enleift, delivers up. 

Enli, infcad cf. 

Enloft, in ihe army. 

Enmediate, immeliate. 



E N 

Ennaagerunt, proceeded on- 

their voyage. 
Ennenti^ defeated, 
Enneur, honour. 

Ennoliement, extreme unc- 
tion. 

Ennoy, annoy. 

Ennoyaftes, fent. 

Ennoyer, to fend him a- 
ivay, remove him. 

Ennoyez, troubled^grieved. 

Ennoys, necefjities. 

Ennoyter, enoyter, to an- 
nul, 

Ennucrent, whojn they fent. 

Ennuift, to day. 

Enombrafer, to fljade, co- 
ver. 

Enor (T), the honour. 

Enordeniant, in an irre- 
gular, undue manner. 

Enordinant, inordinate. 

Enorez, honoured, 

Enoukre, moreover. 

Enoundez, overflowed. 

Enournez, adorned. 

Enoyter, to annul. 

Enpanr, compofed. 

Enparkeler, to fence in, 

Enpa\'nc.s, put to pain. 

Enpcchez, impeached. 

E n pc i r a n t , .mpatrir.g. 

Enpeircmciir, detriment. 

En pclrtz, impaired. 

Enpcnfioiie, a penfion. 

Enpciifoncj (nc), don t in- 
tend. 

Enperi,. 



E N 

Enperi, worfe. 
En pi re, embafed* 
Enpleynnaunt, hy way of 

complaint, 
Enploienc mye (n'), do not 

lay out. 
Enplyes, employed. 
En poin, /;; hand. 
Enpori, impoverijhed. 
Enporri {i\)^ fo Jlale. 
Enportera le realmCj Jhall 

be kino, 

o 

Enporter heritage, to run 
away with the inherit- 
ance. 

Enportez, carried away. 

Enpres, after. 

Enpigne, took^ received. 

Enprilant, defiring. 

Enpris unt, enpiicz, have 
undertaken. 

Enprift le chymin, entered 
upon his journey. 

Enpromptz, things bor- 
rowed. 

EnprontTOunt, imprifoned, 

Hnprovour, proveditor. 

Enprovver (<j'), to improve, 

Enprueez, improved. 

Enprumpt'j, borrowed. 

En pus, produce. 

Enque (par), by the in- 
quejl. 

Kncjrg (fi), let him in- 
ouirc. 

Eqrert, to get, take, 

Enqucrrcz, inquiries. 



E N 



85 



Enquerelant (nul), no 
plaintiff, no fuit. 

Enquerelez, impleaded. 

Enquefl:er,/«J out. 

Enquicter, dijlurb. 

Enquore, yet,Jlill, 

Enracier, en racer, to pull 
up by the roots. 

Enrollement de fes lains, 
at the rolling up of his 
wool, 

Enrollez, folded up. 

Enroyer (m'), to grant me. 

Ens, in, within, between. 

Ens ne feit (fi), unlefs it be. 

Enfanle, in blood. 

Enfarchemenr, an exami- 
nation, a refearch. 

En fan fie, exalted. 

Enfayer, enfuer, to purfue. 

Enrealer,^«/ up, impound. 

Enfeares, enfeires, locked 
up. 

Enfecchi, dried up, wi- 
thered. 

Enicgie, bcfugcd. 

Enlcigne (loial), lawful 
bufr.ufs. 

Pliilcignenientz, qualifica- 
tions. 

Enieigner, to jhczv, ap- 
pear. 

EnieigriLirant fur I'edat le 
roy, lording it ever the 
fic'.ic of the king. 

Enleintcz, v:iih child. 

Er.lciver, to fcrvc. 

G :; Enlclle, 



8$ E N- 

Enfelle, /addled. 
Enfenible, it feemi meet. 
Enfement, like-wife, in like 
r>jj.micr, in the fame 
manner, 
Enfencers, confers. 
]^ :i Tc n i e , ifijh v/ cted, 
Enlenler, to ir-foym. 
Enfenfes, iijccvfed. 
Enlcrres, cev/V be. 
Enfervagcr, to ei/ave. 
Enferver, tofubjc5f^ charge. 
Enferve, kept, ^•rfcr'vcd. 
Enfcrvee, feri'ile, 
Enfervir (ne poi: Ten), 

is net CQ-;::pill:^ble. 
Enfeverit (mcuz), much 

better hic-iv. 
Enleyncr, to pc'jj, point 

cut. 
i'-nfi ti\\'-, f'j, thus, alfoj in 

like ^iianuer. 
i''.;-,!l pre", jo r.rar. 
Liili totes voicS) p'oz'idcd 

akvays. 
^'Tiiier, tc Viio'u: or re. p. 
r'nlic^ne, blccded. 
.]'" nfigneme lu, rJJ]g:nuent. 
ilnligncr. toJJj.zv. 
Enfignere (en), in teach- 

irg, iijrui:iing. 
\'. r; ( J g n c i , occc.fiGned. 
I'". r, n V n 1 1 i c; n , cr.figumc::t. 
Erifinv'S, /'.•?;.:^. 
i'.pfivi--:-.: (qc; s'), ivhiJj 



\. v.u .\\;r,.c: 



ivefoUoccd. 



E N 

Enfiwyt il pas, // ^Ci?j not 

follow. 
Enforquetot, ahove all. 
EnfTievant (en), in purfu- 

ance of. 
En ft res, entries, 
Enfu, cnfuyt, s'enficnt, 

fell CIVS. 

Enlucr, to foUczv, 

Eriluir, hereafter. 

E n !\i i V a n t , againjl. 

Enruivroic (il s'j, // 'ujould 
follo-jj. 

Enlundis, in that cafe, alfo, 

Enfiirc, obey. 

L. n fii r in e 1 1 au n t . fuggejling. 

Ei^furrer, to rife. 

l^Pifus, big vjiih clnld, 

Y.wi, in., in the mean time, 

Er.r, thereupon, of them^ 
thereof. 

Ent (lV), thereof. 

V.M, iriire, ivhole. 

Kntaclvrr, to i'/ifeH, 

E nr ag le, import ujied. 

Entaineez, entered upon, 
debated. 

E ntamees, ftlrrcd^ rr.cz'od. 

Enrant come, Jignfcs as 
much as. 

Enrartz, burned. 

I'.nraunt, fo much. 

I'lntaiiLir graui-it, he there- 
by as good as g-rr.nts. 

Mntechclv:, t,u::!cd^ infcbJ- 
ed. 

Entcin';, nnJ.crfocd. 

■ luuendable, 



E N 

Entendable, to be under- 
Jlood. 

Enrendances, attendances. 

Entendaunt, thinkingjma- 
gining, iv.idcrjlood. 

Entendement (1'), the form, 

Entendementz, meanings^ 
conJiru5iioPS. 

Entendiblement, fully, 
plainly. 

Entendre (fifi lui), viade 
him believe. 

Entendre, tc attend. 

Entenk (jeo) y-entanks, / 
think. 

Entenr, underjiand them. 

Entente, intention, claim y 
ahn, plaint, count. 

Ententivement, carefully. 

E ntenue, tinderfiocd, heard. 

Enterceur, the party chal- 
lenging the goods , hezvho 
has placed ther/i in the 
hands of a third perfon. 

Enteritr.cs, enterince, en- 
terrinc- entcrin, cnteri- 
enc, entire^ perfect. 

Enteriner, to pcrfea. 

Enter mains, en ere meins, 
in our hands, in h.s 
hands. 

Enternient, entirely. 

Entcynonr, hold, k'.cp. 

Enreyfanc, tacitly, ly fy- 
in^y nothing. 

Eniexes, into zv-rjen. 

En:ienf, holds. 



EN 87 

En tier (al), upon his en- 
tering. 

Enticrcir, to depojtt a thing 
with a third perfon., till 
the property is proved. 

En tiers (et les), and en- 
tries. 

Entiers, entierent, intirely, 

Entierte, the ivhole. 

Entitle, qiialifed. 

Entrainantz, dragging, 
drawing. 

Entorfe, entoir, entonr, 
en tour, entur, abciity 
round, concerning. 

Entoucher, to give a poi- 
fonoiis quality to any 
thing. 

Entover, to walk about. 

Ent mettra(ne {t),will not 
interpofe, affifl. 

Entraiter (derefonable), 
unreaf enable, iinjufi treat- 
ment. 

Entralliez, confederated to- 
gether, bind themfelves 
together. 

EntraiTemes, entered. 

l^ntre, above, beyond, 

Enfe (a T), as far as the 
limits. 

Kntre, cncre (de), ink. 

E,':rc?.idic)ns lui uns I'au- 
trc, wi'.l mutually aid 
ecch other. 

I'n'rpbar, an i-i'er'-f^cr. 

\j 4 ]:.i'.Lli.bat, 



88 



E N 



J^ntrebat (par), hy inter- 

lopewent. 
-Entrecoiient point (nc s'), 

do not intercommon^ 
Entredit (en temp d'), in 

prohibited feafons. 
Entrefcrrent, enga'^e, fight. 
Entreiflets (ne), Jhould not 

enter into. 
EntrelafTer, to put between, 

interline. 
'Emrth(i?tnt,omitting,Ieav- 
ing out, f.-elhjquijhing, lay- 
ing ajide. 
EntielefTe (nc), '■juculd net 

proceed, in. 
Entrclicre, to ohferi:e. 
Entrelies (le fuirenr), bound 

thenifehes together. 
f.ntre\']gn\.Ke, ifjtelineaticn. 
Entrelutcrent, engaged to- 
gether^ fought. 
Entremeiffent (fe), Jhould 
occupy^ be put into, in- 
termeddle with, took tip- 
on himftlf. 
Entremelles (accions), 

mixed a^iions. 
Entrcmellies, ?}iixed, blend- 
ed together. 
Entre mcllure, ^,n inter- 

mixture. 
Entre:ijifi,'d inquirer, ,•/- 
thorifed to inquire, caufed 
inquiry to be made. 
Kc:rc!idi-e (fait), to he un- 
dt'i-jlocd. 



E N 

Entreparler, to confult to^ 

get/per. 
Entrepennent, confult a^ 
mong t hemf elves i enter- 
prifing. 
Entreres, to be entered. 
Entrerupt, interrupted. 
Entrefte (malemenr), evil- 
ly treated him. 
Enrretant, in the mean 

ivhile, to fulfil. 
Entretz, interred. 
Entreval, interval. 
EntiT Ills (d'), among them, 
Entrevylcnt (fe), have an 

intervicju. 
Entricare, interzvoven. 
Entrignicr, accomplifh. 
Entromys (nous) in rho- 

mage, we did homage. 
P>.ti'ovez. narrczv pa£es. 
Entrour, about. 
Entruflee, increafed. 
Ent tant regard (ni), nei- 
ther paying regard. 
Enryvemenc, entirely. 
Entz, enz, but. 
Envaifemen, an invafion, 
Envee, envint, fcnt. 
Envecr avant, /;; proceed. 
Enveer (faccz), caufe to 

be fent for. 
Enveierons (lui n'), ijije 

will not condemn him. 
Envcillez, groivn old. 
Envenanr, enfuing. 

Envenoms, 



E N 

Envenoms, have fent. 
Enveogler, to inveigle, 

blind. 
Enveoms, enveons, en- 

veuns, "jje fend. 
Enverce, againji, towards. 
Enverrez, i?iquired into. 
En vers (I'), within. 
Enveyees, envoys. 
Enveyer, envoyer, envier, 

to fend. 
Envie (ne), nor damage, 

injure. 
Enviroune (mal), tradu- 
ced. 
Envis, with regret, 
Envoderoms, we would 

have. 
tnvoeglez, blind. 
Envoez, become. 
Envore (il), he fends. 
Envorrez, fmll fend. 
Envoyable, fJj all be fent. 
Envoyellera (ponus enjo- 

julera), ivill provide 

with jewels. 
Envoyglirment (en), in 

avoyaance, in deceit of. 
Envyurez, intoxicated. 
Eniier, to enure. 
Envver (en J, iri arrear. 
Enyage, the right of elder - 

jhip. 
Enz, in, within, but, 
Eoque, becaufe that, 
Eofs, eoues, eggs. 



E R 89 

Eofues, potius jeofnes 

(genz), young people. 
Eoins (que nous), that we 

fhould have. 
Eoms, have, . 
Eos (al), to the ufe. 
Ecu, he, him. 
Eours de pite, works of 

piety, 
Ephebe, one who is major, 
Fpouvantement, excufe, 
Eppofant, the petitioner, 
Epprendre (d'), to take. 
Eps, a bee. 
Equiture, to ride. 
Equus (d') le hile dox, 

until he hears, 
Erainent, leaving off, a- 

voiding. 
Errai, will be. 
Erantz, arantz, ploughing, 
Erberage, provifion for 

cattle. 
Erberger, to lodge or har- 
bour, 
Ercedekene, herfedecome, 
archdeacon, archdeacon- 
ry. 
Ercevefques, archbifhops. 
Ercewec, the archbifhop. 
Eideront, fhall aid, ad-. 

here to. 
Ere, be. 
Ere, fhall be. 
Ere, crer, to fowe. 
Erer, erier, to wander up 
and down, 

Eri, 



90 E S 

Eri, I 'was, 

Erinez, wajledy ruined. 

Eritc (1'), the inheritance. 

Erite, an heretic. 

Ermyn, an ermine, 

Eroer, erver, to journey, to 
travel, 

Erra, JJjall go, 

Erraunt traitour, an ar- 
rant traitor. 

Erreront, vjetit the eyre, 

Errifcmeni, hindrance. 

Erroign, erroneous. 

Errois, Irijjj, 

Errunt, J}:all hear. 

Errount, go their heir. 

Ers, heirs. 

Erfoir, yefierday. 

Ere, he rss'is, it was. 

Ert (\\t),jhaU not be. 

Es, ez, />/, behold. 

Esaple, fnrnpie. 

Efbaiez, dbiiiz, efoahi, a- 
bajljed, jii'i prifcd^ terri- 
fied. 

Eltaire nous (pour), to 
recreate curjches. 

Efbaudes, ir>woklmedi en- 
couraged. 

Eicales, Jades. 

Efcar, cjlatc^ cc;:.:hion. 

I'^fcarcetcc, fca, \. ity. 

Efcarlate (d'), cf fcnrlet. 

Efcaricment, / vrra/y 

Efcarta dc blc, jairciiy cf 
corn. 

Hfcaud, damage, offer.: c. 



E S 

Efceppe, Jlripped. 

Efchair, happen. 

Efchaift, ffjould intreat ; 
alfo Jhould ef cheat, 

Efchant (q'il ne le) de 
quaunt q'il fair, that he 
did 7iot regard or fear 
whatever he did, 

Efchancier, to increafe^. 
promote. 

Efchaude, jmothered. 

Efcheeur, happen, 

Efcheere en maladie, fall 
fick. 

Efcheere (plus''', more dear, 

Efchelement (par), by ef- 
calade. 

Efcheler, to fcale. 

'Eichement^Jhunningi bend- 
ing fram. 

Efcheqir, Efqiaquer, ex- 
chequer. 

Efchcr (fi), if it happens. 

Eichtrerie (d';, office of 
efcheator 

l'l,!c!ievc, efcheizcd, fijun- 
ned, bent or bo'ijcd jrcm, 

Efcher'er, to pnforn:. 

l:.ichevc;-,ciehiv'Lr,/(/yZ.7;/, 
avcid. bend J y cm. 

Elcheu (plusy, more a- 
fraid. 

.]''!clv-u, befall ci:., happened. 

l-fchier (d'\ to fall down. 

r:ic!/er (P), tie falling. 

Elc!-,.ie, cOiiie, elliuer, 

ei^ui'^-, ck!.urc, cfche- 

rcr. 



E S 

ler, efchever, to fall or 
happen unto^ to ef cheats 
to defcend, to fall to. 

Erchiviffmcnt, negligence, 
ivant of care, 

Efchiure, clchiver, ef- 
chure, efcheverjCkhew, 
to avoid. 

Efchua, pulled down. 

Eichuable, avoidable. 

Elchuit, avoided, made de- 
fault. 

Efciencc (Icur), their con- 
fcience, bion-ledge. 

Efcienr (a), knozvledge, af- 
fiution, knowingly. 

Efclairces, elclarcf, efchir- 
cie, chared up ^ exprcffed, 
fettled. 

Efclariler (meus) le fet, 
io explain the fact bet- 
ter. 

Elclaundcr, difcredit, ca- 
lumny, flander, preju- 
dice, 

Efclore, to fJjut out. 

Efcliire, afiuice. 

Efciufe de Pafqucs, clufe 
de i-*aiche, the fir jl Sun- 
day after Eafl.:r, 

Efciuz, packs y bundles. 

Llcocher ^d'), to fjoot. 

Efcofiicnge, efcumcDg, ex- 
communication. 

Efcc):i. •'.]!:, tr'cundit, de- 
nied rejCilcd. 

Eico.ile, a fcc:icc, a dark 



E S 91 

Efcotchours, efchorche- 
ours, thofe who flay cat- 
tle for their fkins. 

Efcotcr, to pay. 

Efcoiidirad (s'en), clear 
himjelf. 

Efcouk (doner), give him 
a hearing. 

o 

Elcoundrc, efcondire, to 

deny, rejeul. 
Efcourcer, to run^ he in 

force. 
ETcourccr (lui), excufe 

himfelf, 
Efcourcher (pour) le par- 

lement, to fkortcn the 

duration of parliament. 
E!coL]temenr, clearly, in- 

tel'i^ibly. 
Elcraier countre lui, oppofe 

him. 
Eicreuz, increafed. 
Eicries, treated of, dc- 

fcribcd. 
Llcnez (felons), notorious, 

proclaimed felons. 
Eicrin, a coffer. 
E ferine (j'), / hope. 
Efcriprc (a fait), has caufcd 

to be ivritten. 
Elcripcura (les),7^^z// write 

them. 
Efcrit, declared, profcribed, 
Efcrits, direBed to. 
Eicriure, write, certify, dc- 

fcribe. 
Elcrover, a fcroll. 

Efcrowes, 



92 



E S 



Efcrowes, rolls of parch- 
ment, fcrolls» 
Efcruire (d'), to write to. 
Efcryeurs, writers. 
Ercuminges (cum), by an 
excommunicato capiendo. 
Efcumers,^ir^/(?j, corfuirs. 
Efciine, eachy every, 
Efcuquiteur, an executor. 
Eicurer, to fcoiir out. 
Elcus d'or lol, a French 
gold coin of the value of 
fix fhillings. 
Eiculer, prevent^ excufe. 
Efcufement (en), in ex- 
cufe. 
Efciucrcit (q'il), that he 

would lijlcn to. 
Efcuz, excufe. 
Efcyncilles de {i:u, fparks 

of fire. ^ 
Efee, cafy^ coriir,7odio!is. 
Efement, ccmmodioufy, an 

eafement. 
Efez, eafed. 
Efgarde, awarded. 
Efgarr, elguart (a 1'), 
judgement, difcretion, 
award, with rfpcB to. 
Efgle, eagle. 
Es jours de fcftc:-, onfcaf- 

days. 
Ffkep, efkip, pfpcd. 
Eflsippefon, f.vppiiig, or 

pafjdge by fea. 
ErKirmye, fghtiv.g. dt- 
fence. 



' E S 

Efkole, fchool. 
Efkuyns, bailiffs, 
Efle, efleeuz, chofen. 
Edevera (loxt), Jh all do an 

injury. 
Edit, eknion. 
E floi gn t,dijiurbed, delayed. 
Efloignement, excufe. 
Efloignement (pnr) du 
payetnent,/(5r enlarging 
the time of payment. 
Efloigner, remove from, 

alienate. 
Elloignez, prorogued, ad- 
journed. 
Elmercient, thank. 
Efmerveilluz, vje wonder, 

is wondcy^ul. 
Efmon, Edmond. 
Efmovenicntj motion, com- 
motion. 
Kl'muz, cfmciitz, moved, 

Jiirred up, dijlurbed. 
Efne fiz, eldrji fon. 
Elourketot, moreover, fur- 
ther. 
Efpaigne (monsr d'), John 
of Ga.nty king of Cajlile 
and Leon, duke of Lan- 
cadcr, i^c. 
F.lplile, efpccio.l, 
Elp.innc-r Ic CL.il, to fpare 

the cofv. 
Elparni, fpnred^ exempted. 
Fiparpilcnr, hranch out. 
Eip-x. fpccicUy. 

ErDccefier, 



E S 

Efpecefier, to Jpcify, to 

contrail. 
Efpecerics, fpices. 
Elpechement (fans), ivith- 

out dijlurbancey impedi- 
ment. 
Efpcciallte, affinity. 
Efpecies, [pedes ^ kinds. 
Efpee, thigh y leg^foot. 
Efpeie, elpeye, elpye, a 

[word. 
Elpelr (fans) de partir, 

without hope of fepara- 

tion, 
Efpeirer, to referve^ fpare, 
Efpeires, itnpaired. 
Elpelotte, expeditated. 
Efpenfies, fpecified. 
Elpenz, expence. 
Efperitaux, efpeulx, fpi- 

ritual. 
Efpermrez (n'), will not 

/pare. 
ElDernies j /pared, exempt- 

Efperons, fpurs. 
Efperuex (au i'), to the 

hopes. 
Efpvc, fpare. 
Efpeutciloun (pur\ pro 

expeditattcne canum in 

forefia exificntium. 
Elpeyere, a fpear. 
Efpiantz, having in i;zVo;. 
Etpiement, information. 
Eipicr, to find outy to look 

out, cbjerve. 



E S 93 

Efpier (que), who informs 

againji, accufes, 
El'pies, watched. 
Elpinaces (deux), two 

pin aces. 
Elpingles de boys, pins of 

wood. 

Efpifes, efpoufals, 

Efpitau, a7i hofpital. 

Efplee le huifles, bolt or 
lock the doors. 

Efples, efpkits (les), the 
profits. 

Efplcit, needful. 

Efpleit (final), final iffue, 

Efpleytez, efploit, eiplo- 
tee, dfpatchidy anfvoer- 
ed, Jerved, 

Efploir, to requeji, to im- 
plore earneftly with tears. 

Efploit (au), in difpatcb 
of, in performance, 

Efploit (pur 1') de parl- 
menr, for the difpatch of 
parliament ar\' buftnef. 

ElpK;it (pur Y),for carry- 
ing on^forih^^expencesof, 

Efploir (qeDicu T), whom 
Crd preferz-e, give Juc- 
c:,) to. 

Eip oiterenr, difcciirfedy 
pe>-formed fucb exploits. 

Eipljiics (etre)^ to be ex- 
pended. 

Efploiicz de la terre, deli- 
zered the efplees of the 
laud. 
7 Efploitier 



94 E S 

Efploitier (c), and to dif- 

play. 
Efploitz (les), thefervices, 
Efpoirance, hope. 
EfporoLins, fpurs. 
Efpofe, efpolai!, efpoufal, 

marriage. 
Efpoie, married. 
Efpovcri, impoveriJJjed. 
Efprefement, exprcfsly. 
Eiprovaunt (al), to the af- 

fertor. 
Efproves, proved^ marked, 

Jlampeci. 
Efpuel, fpiritual. 
Efpurger (foy), to purge, 

to clear himfelf. 
Efquel d' argent, filver 

fpoons. 
Elquelles, ivhich. 
Efquers, efquiers, efquires. 
Efquieles, ladles. 
Elquunes, JJjeriffs, magif- 

trates. 
EfTaiicier, to cherijh. 
Eflcketurs, executors. 
Effent, extent. 
EfientLi, ajfented. 
EfTientc-x, very learned. 
EfTire (potiCis cfiire), to 

choofe. 
Eflbiercnt (que ne), that 

it helongeth not. 
EiToircnt (come ils), as if 

they were. 
EfToyer, to endeavour. 
Eil, the eajl. 



E S . 

Eftaa,7?^;7^j. 

Eltablc, ajiable. 

Eftable (de lour), under' 
their department. 

Eflabliflement de dower, 
fettlement, appointment, 
or ajfuraiice of dower ^ 
made by the hufhand or 
his friends to the wife, 
before or at marriage. 

EftablilTements, a^s of 
parliament. 

E (tab ly, /■///£■ J, appointed, 

E ft a c h e, ^ pier, pile, bridg e, 
flake. 

Eltages, efiates. 

Eftaignee, a pool. 

Eftalez, eftalee, money to 
be paid by inflalments. 

Eftails, flails. 

Eilalls, eftales, tools, fcales, 

Ella nc he, a refer voir for 

Eftantz, [landing. 

l:A\7ipc,ftaple. 

Eftr, beim. 

Eftat (fi a), // is. 

Eltat, fiatute, condition, 

health. 
Efiat (n*y), ivas not there. 
Eftat (en 1'), into the place. 
Eftature (1'), eftatere, the 

beam. 
Eftatiitj eflate. 
Eftaul, firm, fable. 
Eftaulx, the falls in a 

choir. 

Eftauncher^ 



E S 

Eftaunchcr, tojlop, to put 

an end to. 
Eftaunkes, JIankSj dams^ 

ivears, pools. 
Eftauntez, being. 
Eftclok (Ton), his clock. 
Efte, eftce (en), infutmner. 
Efle (la mi), Midfummer. 
Edeaunce, being, 
Efteiant, Jianding, 
Efteient, eftient, efteyent, 

'ivere. 
Eftellle, ajlar. 
Efteimes (n') eftcioiins, 

eftiemes, pas, 'voe were 

not, 
Efteindre, eileyndre, to 

extefid to. 
Efteint, becomes extincl. 
Efteint de (qu), who wire 

of^ who fidcd with. 
Efteint, citenc, extin£f. 
Efteintz (mort), q^uite 

dead. 
Eftemaunt, eflemans, 

ejleeip.i?ig, accounting. 
Eftemue, raifed. 
Eflendreit, would be fuffi- 

cientj might be extended 

on. 
Eftente, en::int, cfleintc, 

exten", 'value^ ejlimation. 
Ellen t (le), extends it [elf. 
Jill'.'pne, Ellevc, Stephen. 
Ellere ovclqe ie roi, en 

luilcnance de U coronc, 



E S 95 

to jiand by the king, in 
fupport of his, crown. 
Eltcrilitat, fear city, 
Efterlynge, a penny, a far- 
thing. 

Efterniers (en), in fneez- 
ings, 

Efterz (vos), you are. 

Eftes, eflez, condition, e- 
fiate, 

lLi\ey,fummer. 

Efteyme, eftainte, eftagne, 
eftank, eilonbz, eftcig- 
ne, tin, 

Efteynant, (en) eftenyfc- 
ment, in extinguifhing, 

Efteyndre, to extinguifh. 

Efteynent paye, flop pay- 
ment. 

Efthabelere, to eflabUfh. 

Eftiant, flood. 

Eftiemes (ke prefent i), 
who were prefent there, 

Eftienes, eftce, eftei, been. 

Eftiens (nous), we are, 

Eftient, knowledge. 

Elliez, llood^ been. 

E:lile,_M. 

ivili mures, robbers. 

Eitiues (par les), by the 
fluices . 

Ell LIZ, ellleu, chofen. 

EllofTer, to ftore, flock, 
fur nip. 

Eltoi'jr, c-ilcr, eftere, eftr, 
to jli:}:d iO^ abide. 

Elloiera, 



SG E S ' 

Eftoiera (fi luy) la chofe 
perder, if hejhould hap- 
pen to lofe the thing, 

Eftoilettes, gennets. 

Eftoiroit (ne), needed not, 

Eftoite, was, 

Eftole, afcbool. 

Eftoppe, clofej confined y 
dark. 

Eftorement (a), in a large 
quantity^ not by retale. 

Eftorer (d), to make a- 
mends. 

Eftores, fiored. 

Eftorie (1'), the hijiory. 

Eftors, Jlock, Jlores. 

Eftoua, Jhall be compelled. 

Eftouble, Jlubble. 

Eftovereit (lui), it would 
be incumbent on him. 

Eltourtre (pour), to Jiop. 

Eftoyer, happen^ be, 

Eftoyent, were. 

'Ei^oys, Jiands. 

Eftr, being, 

^^iflraites, derived., drawn. 

Eftrangent, Jlr angle. 

Ellraungiez (a luy), hath 
rejlrained himjelf, hath 
forborn. 

Eftray (j') hors, I will go 
out ; will ejirange my- 
f elf from. 

Eitrayflauntes, firaying. 

Eftre, been. 

Ellre (!'), the exiflence. 



E S 

Eftre ceo (e), and befidei 
this. 

Eflre (del bien), of the 
form. 

Eftre (voille), will be, 
ftand. 

Eftreftement, flri5lly, 

Eftrein, t{ix2i\n^flraiu, 

Eftreintier, to contra^, 
take in. 

Eftreiont, they fir ay. 

Kftreites (par), by ejlreats, 

Eftreitz, eftreats,_y?r^^/j. 

Eftremes des molins, mill-^ 
flreams. 

Eltrepes, fhipped, pulled. 

Eftrct, fiands. 

Eftrete(haut), highflreet, 

Eftreutz, extended, 

Eftreygnaul (en), in con- 
fining. 

Eftreynerye, tin-works. 

Eftreyt, derived, defcended. 

JLdrcytes, limited, contraB- 
ed, freight ened, taken in. 

Eftric (laroun), a notori- 
ous thief. 

Eftrier, writing. 

Eftrifs,7?n/(rj, difptitcs. 

Eftrippe, wafte. 

Eftrkhing, Eafi: Riding. 

Eftrivancnc, frove. 

Eftrivens, fiirrups. 

Eftroi(fler, to iv.firu5l. 

Eftropier, to fpoiU wajie. 
Eftudcs, 



E V 

Eftudes (es), in the mu- 
feums, colleges. 

Eftues, eltuves, ihejlews, 
or brothel-houfes. 

EftufFees (noefz), Jlnps 
manned. 

Eftuffement (pur V) de 
la terre d'Irland,/(?r the 
peopling of the kingdom 
of Ireland. 

"^^u^trntnt, flocking^ peo- 
pling. 

EftufFeures, ft ores, 

Eftumers, pl-^-ates^ rovers. 

Efturens, fhall chufe. 

Eftult, eitur, eftcuflent, 
flood. 

Efuient (ki), which fol- 
low. 

Efuoies, hardjhips, 

Efvos, behold. 

Eftroy tern e lit, narrowly ^ 
carefully. 

Efvver, doubt. 

Et, hath, had. 

£t, into. 

Etfi, although. 

Eu, or^ them. 

Eu tens, in time. 

Evanceant, promoting. 

Evaunt dit (1'), the afore^ 
faid. 

Evangelies, gofpels, ftn- 
tenccs out of the fcrip- 
tures. 

Eve, ove, with. 

Ever, cvez, eue, had. 



E U ^7 

Eu (nous e), we have had. 

Kv enid, ^ould happen. 

Even tees, burfi. 

Evcnues, avenues, paffes, 

Eveoms, we have. 

T'vertuer (s'), to attend to, 
to employ himfelf^ to pre- 
pare. 

Everwyk, TorL 

Eves, deceived. 

Evefche, diocefe. 

Evefchee, lifhoprick, 

Fveflcy, evert res, bifhop. 

Euez, cues had. 

Euf, eof, an egg, 

Eviticr, to avcid, 

Euiz (nous) delunes, we 
have above mentioned. 

Eulx, eus. euz, yeux, eyes, 

Eulx, euls, eulz, them, 
themfelves, 

Evoluer, to unfold, open, 
turn ever, 

Evount, have. 

Evoytement, increafe, ad- 
vancement. 

Eups, tife. 

Eure, eur, hour, time, 

Euree, happy. 

Eus, thefn^ they. 

Eus (a 1'), to the life, 

Eufe, had. 

Eulcz, V(5<7 had. 

Euloms (nous) eufiburs, 
we have. 

Eutaule, oofave^ the fpace 
of eight days. 

EI Eutres, 



^ 



E X 



EutFes, autres (d*), of 
others f other things, 

Euvres, works. 

Euvent, have, 

Euwes, had. 

Euwez, ewez, watered, 

Eux (de), of the eyes. 

Euximes (ent), amongft 
them. 

Euyz, euys, them, 

Euz, but, 

Ew, ewe, ewes, had, 

Ewangel, evangelijls. 

Ewe, had. 

Ewe, them. 

Ewe (entre), between them. 

Ewe (alt il), he muji un- 
dergo the water ordeal. 

Ewe douce, frejh water^ 
a Jlream. 

Ewelles, gees. 

Eweret (molin), a water- 
mill. 

Ewerwick, York. 

Ewes, ewoz, waters. 

Ewez, watered. 

Ewes (en), in ponds. 

Ex {d^)/jrom the river Ex. 

Exaltez, raifed. 

Kxiuccmcut^advancement. 

Excitation (al), at the in- 
treaty\ motion, injliga- 
tion. 

Exciterent le affife, encou- 
raged the c.Jfife. 

Excufation, excufc. 

Kxcuferez (ne), will not 
reproach. 



E X 

Excudion (potius execuf- 
fion), execution, produc- 
tion, proof. 

Exec, exception. 

Execuc, execution. 

Executours (les), thoje 
who are to put in execu- 
tion, 

Execyte, excited. 

Exeketour des befoignes, 
charged with the affairs, 

Exenger, exercife, 

Exerfant, exercifmg. 

Exerwick, Tork, 

Exes, eyes. 

Exi, any, alfo. 

Eximons, exempt, 

Exon, excufe, 

Expaufe, expoufez, fug- 
gejled, reprefented. 

Expefleroit, Jhould abide. 

Expleiter (facez), caufe 
to he difpatched, exer- 
cifed, employed. 

Expleiterent, difcourfedy 
a^ied, performed. 

Exploit, cfploit, difpatch. 

Exploiter, receive the pro- 
fits. 

Expriimez, expreffed. 

Extentz, extinguifoed. 

Exter, to execute. 

Extienter, to extinguijh. 

Extimation, an ejlimate. 

Extinfement, extientife- 
ment, exteynfementjfx- 
tinguifmng. 

Extorquer, 



fe Y 

fextorquer, to put out hy 

force, 
Exiorter, td drive aff^ a- 

void. 
Extrelins, people of the 

nofthi. 
Extremifer, to adminifter 

the extreme un^ion. 
JEy, a watery place, 
Eyaunce (en), in eafe* 
Eydance, evidence, 
Eyde, help, 
Eyde, aided. 
Eye (p), by aid, 
Eyens, but, 
Ej^er (unc), an ewer, 
Eyette, ye have. 
Eyme nous, loves us. 
Eyndegfe de meyne (de 

ion), of his own head. 
Eyne date (d'), of earlier 

date, 
Eynefce parcener, eldsjl 

partner. 
Eyneft, eldefi. 
Eynt (ne) damage, fhall 

receive no damage, 
Eyntz, therein. 
Eynzne fefFment, ancient 

feoffment. 
Eynz q, when^ before that. 
Eyr, the air. 
Eyres, heirs. 
Eyfe, eafy, 
Eylemcnt:, eafement. 
Eyt, eight. 
Eytj Jhall be, zvill be. 



FA 99 

fez, in, within. 

Ez choufcs, in the things, 

Ezi, his, 

Ezplaye, fpoiled, 

FAAT (le), a meafure 
called a fat, 

Fablefle, weaknefs, 

Fabloir, io devife Jiories^ 
to prevaricate. 

Face (premere), prima fa- 
cie, 

Facentz leve, caufing to 
be levied. 

Faceo (ceo), has done it. 

Fache de 1' eglife (en), in 
the face of the church, 

Fachon de home, human 
Jhape or form. 

Facion, fajhion, 

Facion (avaunt le), before 
the making. 

Fact, committed. 

Faez, make^ made. 

Faicez faire, caufe to be 
iffued. 

Faici, did,fent, difpatched. 

Faict, did. 

Fai6le de memoire (a), 
through forgetfulnefs. 

Faie, faith. 

Faiere, to do. 

Faiet, faiftes, made. 

Faile, faillie, faillies, end- 
ed^ expired. 

Faillenc (y), be omitted. 

FailJer, to difappcint. 
H 2 Failler 



loo FA 

Failler (fift), caufed to he 

omitted, 
Faillie (foit), breach has 

been made, 
Faillons, negle5f. 
Faily, omitted. 
Fain, hay ; alfo beach wood. 
Faint, committed. 
Fairaginous, majlin, or 

mingled corn. 
Faire, to pay. 
Faire en chofe, to deal in 

matters. 
Faire fon ley, wage his 

law, 
Faire le difference (a), to 

end the difference. 
Fairie, fairez, to be made. 
Fairs de Germ, the marts 

in Germany, 
Fait en fait, done in deed. 
Fait en, already. 
Fait (fur le), ipfo fa5lo. 
Fait gaine, doth gain. 
Fait (ne) my oublier, it is 

not to be forgotten. 
Fait foy (fe), is done, may 

be done. 
Faiterie (par), through 

idlenefsy lazinefs. 
Faitours, faofors. 
Fa.koQrs,JIolhful people. 
Faiture, iaitours, making, 

doinp". 

o 

Faitures, evil-doers. 



F A 

Faitz, fait darmes, feats 
of arms, 

Faiz, fais, deeds, fails, bu' 
ftnefs. 

Faix, times. 

Faix, a burthen, load, 

Faix, falfe, 

Faixime, deceit. 

Falaize, a hank or hill by 
the fea-fide. 

Falaft, fally, failed, done 
wrong, 

Falent (ki), which ought 
to have been. 

Fallent (qui vos), which 
concern you. 

Falefe, falife, fands, rocks y 
cliffs. 

Falefte, a capital punifh- 
ment infiitled on a male- 
fail or on the fands or fea 
fhore \ perhaps by laying 
him hound on the fands 
till the next full tide car- 
ried him away, or by 
throwing him from the 
cliffs *. 

Fali, Philip, 

Faix, falfe. 

Fam, hunger. 

Fame, wife. 

Familier de la chauncery, 
a clerk belonging to the 
chancery. 



* Britton 257. b. Mir. zi^Z. Hengham 87. Cowel. 

Famuler, 



F A 

Famuler, familiar, one of 
his houfebold, a fami- 
liar, intimate friend, a 
fervant. 

Fanez t^mzAtZy fanes ena- 
melled. 

Fanons (deus), two fan- 
nels or maniples, 

Fany (en), in the manner. 

Fany (ove le,) with the 
manner, 

Faonier, to fawn. 

Far, fare, to go, to hid 
farewel. 

Fardel de terre, a fourth 
■part of rn acre. 

Fare (UiO, was dene. 

Farou, pigged, farrowed, 

Farroiiis aver, we will 
caufe to have. 

Farce, a parce. 

Fas (voLis), do unto' you, 

Fafoms (nous nous), we 
will make oiirf elves. 

Fa ft, was. 

Fafunt (ne) mes, do not 
fet, 

Yz\:,fate, dcjliny. 

Far, does. 

Fate, fatz, tnade. 

Fate (poi), Utile done. 

Fatou, a faciotum. 

Fau, a beech-tree. 

Faucer chofes,/^//^' things. 

Fauches, mozved, lopped. 

Faude, faulde, a pen or 
fold for Jheep, 



F E loi 

Faverer, February, 
Favie (a), to do, 

Faviflent favour, 

FauilTes pleints, falfe 
plaints. 

Fau Ira, will fail. 

Fault (a), want of. 

Fault environ, comes to, 
amounts to about. 

Faultant, making default. 

Faultez, failed of,falfified. 

Fiulton, want. 

Faukonc, complaining. 

Faupt (en cy), fo born. 

Faulb, damaged^ ffoiled. 

Fauier, rauxere, Gaucher, 
to J a Iffy, counterfeit y 
forge. 

Faiileours, fauxiers, coun- 
terfeit "rs, falffiers. 

Fau fine, falfity, deceit. 

Faufinerie, fauflerie, the 
crime of faljif'ing or 
cuwntcrfeiting the coin, 
or o-reat feal. 

Fau;^ nons,j7jould make de- 
fault, 

Fau ft, fait, was made. 

Fauftrer, to deceive. 

Faut, fails. 

Faut (la), the end. 

Faut a veir, we mufl^ or it 
is needful to fee. 

Fautoures, flothful, idle 
people, 

Fautours, abettors. 

Fauxa mie, he condemned. 
H 3 Faymcs, 



lo? F E 

Faymes, we caufed. 

Fayn, bay. 

Fayn, a i^eazje, 

F^ynent, pretend. 

Fay re, four. 

Faytours,. vagabonds* 

Faz, make, 

Fe, fee. 

Feablement, bona fide, 

Feals, faithful. 

Feare, to make. 

Feafors de draps, cloth- 

workers. 
Feat, done, deed. 
Feat (bien), good deeds. 
Feat (e), and it is to be, 
Feaw, fire, 
Feble (fi), in fo poor a 

condition, 
Febles, weaknefs. 
Fee, fire. 
Fecelt, made. 
Fecioms (com nos), as 

we would do. 
Fedz, feetz, fees. 
Fee (a) feyi'er, hath caufed 

to be fcifed. 
Fee (d'afc), of any i£oman. 
Feel et leel, faithful and 

loyal. 
Fcelem c n t, faithfully. 
Fecr, fear. 
Feer (a refonable), at a 

reafonahle price. 
Fees (taunr), as often. 
Feet, feat, made, done. 
F,eetes, deeds. 



F E 

Feez, feetz, penftons, fees^ 
Fecz (autre), heretofore. 
Feez (plufurs), feveral 

times. 
Feffre, enfeoff. 
Fei, faith. 
Feibles Qm plus), the 

worft. 
Feile, daughter. 
Feimes^ fcifmes, caufed, 

made, took. 
Feindront (qe fe), who 

Jhall make excufes. 
Feins, fene, hay. 
Feint, pretended, feigned, 

fiackened.. 
Feires, /jairj. 
Feirte, fealty. 
Feifiens, we did. 
Feifimes covenentes, tn* 

tered into covenants. 
Feifours, makers. 
Feiflent (jurees it),fi30uld 

be fworn. 
Feiflent (s'ils ne), if they 

Jhould not make. 
Feiftis (que vous), which 

you did. 
Feit (unt) cntendaunt au 
peuple, have made the 
people believe. 
Feivre, fever. 
Feiz (une), once. 
Felafie per fault (potius 
fault), by leaping from, 
by being cafi: from the 
rocks or cliffs. 

Felelheppe, 



F E 

Feleftieppe, fellowjhip. 

Felon ncufement, fekni- 
oujly, 

Fclypp, Philip. 

Femes liverer, we caufed 
them to be delivered, 

Fenal, the feafon for cut- 
ting hay. 

Fendue, Jlruck. 

Fene, hay. 

Fentua, fled. 

Feoblefce (la) de lour 

• poiars et fens, the weak- 
nefs of their abilitits. 

Feor, to make. 

Feous, faithful. 

Feofon, manner^ degree. 

Fer, but. 

Fcr (a), to make, to re- 
pair. 

Fer (a) de guerre, in a 
warlike manner. 

Ferdekyngs, firkins. 

Fere, ferre (a^, to do. 

Fere, to be mad^ difiraEled. 

Ferges (en), in irons^ in 
fetters. 

Feriage, a payment for 
croffing a ferry. 

Fcries, feafts, fefiivals. 

Feries de Pafche, the fejli- 
val of Eajier. 

Feriours, ferrors, affaid- 
ters. 

Ferlinges (de), of a far- 
thing. 

Ferme, confirms. 



F E 10^ 

Ferme pees, firm peace. 

Fermail crois, vermillion 
croffes. 

Fermaille, a buckle, clafp, 
button^ alfo a chain, en- 
riched with pearls, pre^ 
cious ftones or enamel, 
with which ladies en* 
riched their head-drefs, 
to keep itfafi. 

Fermatx, Jhut up. 

Fermetez, farms ; alfo fe- 
curities, ftrong holds. 

Fermentat, fermeme, con- 
firmation* 

Fermez, faftenings. 

Fermiflier, wage. 

Fermure, fafiening. 

Fernifl fa ley, performed or 
made his law. 

Feron, will a£f, 

Ferranc (idonc la) ; a la 
ferant, according to the 
proportion 

Ferrement, ironwork. 

Fer rent (le), did it. 

Ferri, Frederic. 

Ferric n)ejs, we will caufe. 

Ferreur (iouth), under 
lock. 

Fenuere, the fhoeing of 
horfes. 

Ferthyng, a farthing. 

Fertre, fhrine. 

Ferve, great heat. 

Ytxwt, firoke. 

¥cr\.'im,firm. 

II 4 Fcfables, 



I04 F E 

Fefables, to be made. 
Fefauns, fefantz, phea- 

fants. 
Fefes, done, performed, 
Fefiftres, jc« did. 
Fefomes, iefruns,W(? make, 

do, perform. 
Feft, tefte, feafi. 
Fell (poent aver), might 

have m(ide. 
Fefte, do. 
Feftivables (tenent), hold 

as fejlivals. 
Fefure, make, making, 
Fet, fetes, "was^ had hcen^ 
Cuufed, done, made\ the 
fah, deed, hufinefs. 
Fet pas (ne), does not 

make. 
Fet a demander, was to 

he demanded. 
Fete d'archerie (le), the 

excife of archery. 
Fetes, kept, watched. 
Feth, covetiant, faith. 
Feth (ly reynt), be made 

to him. 
Feth (tote), always. 
Fetz, deeds, grants. 
Feve, ■zeal, late. 
Fcverez, February. 
Feves, pulfe, beans. 
Feville (fus la), upon the 

leaf. 
Fevre (en temps do), /;/ 

the ti;ne of the fair. 
Feu^ chimney hearth. 



F I 

Feu, was, 

Feuaile, feueile, fewtl. 
Feud, a fee or reward. 
Feu (argent), purefther. 
Feur (au), after the rate^ 

in the fafhion of. 
Feute, feud, Jhould be. 

made, was. 
Feur (feu), had fled. 
Feurent tombes (que), 

who frequent tombs. 
Feurs, manners. 
Feuffiens, have been. 
Feuft, a5i. 
Feuft,/^/. 
Feuft, wood. 

Feuft (fur le) de la croys 

que touchons, on the 

crofs itfelf which we 

touch. 

Feuft noftre fitz, our late 

[on. 
Feut, fon, 

Feute, fealty, allegiance, 
Feux, late. 
Fewere, to dig. 
Yty, faith. 

Fey, feyets, deeds, aSfions. 
F-cym, feyn, famine, hun- 
ger, 
Feymes (qe nus), as we 

did. 
Feyn, a fine, 
Feyn, hay. 
Feyne, feigned. 
Feyne (fe), pretend, fcru- 
ple, delay. 

Feynt 



F I 

Feynt fefF, a coUufive feoff- 
ment. 

Feynt (que ent fe), which 
has been made. 

Fey res, fairs. 

Fez, fees. 

Fez, a5iions^ donej made. 

Fez (fun), bis f on. 

Fez (a la), fome times. 

Feze (treis ;., three times. 

Fezer (a), to make. 

Fiables (gentz), perfons of 
credit. 

Fiancer (per), by pledging 
his faith This was al- 
lowed a poor many or a 
foreigner^ who brought 
an a5iion, bccaufe he 
could not find pledges to 
profecute 

Fianchie, trujling^ confid- 
ing in. 

FianfTafTent, fhould make 
furCy fhould pledge. 

Fiafmes isim, did as much as. 

Ficher, tofx. 

Fidz de chevalers, knights 
fees. 

Fie, fee, falary. 

Fie ('ie\ of the fee. 

Fie (en), in fee. 

Fie par fei, affirmed by his 
faith. 

Fieblcs, good, fair, honeji. 

Fiee, time. 

Fief (eft), is poffeffed. 

Fielle, daughter. 



F I 105 

Fiene, hay* 

Fient, trufi. 

Fier (ne poems), we can- 
not trujl to. 

Fier (armures de), armed 
with helmets. 

Fier de guerre (a), as in 
time of war, in a war^ 
like manner. 

Fiere en \ty, brother inlaw, 

Fierent (le), made, did it^ 
caufed the fame. 

Fierges, fetters, irons. 

Fiernient ancore, fafi an- 
chored. 

Fieront (que rien n'), who 
did nothing thereupon. 

Fiercre (le), feretrum, a 
cafe in which the body 
of fome faint, or re' -cues, 
was laid up, a fhrine, a 
bier. 

Fieft {tit\),fuch buftnefs. 

Fieu de chevalier, kmght*s 
fee 

Fieuz, fiuz, filh, fon. 

Fiew, fre. 

Fiew tenants, /;Y^ tenants* 

Fiez, fees. 

Fiez, time, times. 

Fibkz, weak, feeble. 

Filace(en), on the files. 

Fil del ewe, middle of the 
water. 

File, thread. 

File (haut), high tide. 

FiierclfeSj fpinners. 

Filg, 



io6 



FL 



Filg, fon. 

Filicer, filizer,. 

Filks, fnaresm ' 

Fillie, filie, daughter. 

Finable (pees), final peace » 

Finablement, finally^ to- 
tally, 

'^m2ir\Qt, fine, fuhjidy, ran- 
fom, 

Finant, ending. 

Finaunce {^m), for fines, 

Fineez, ended. 

Finefle, finenefs, 

Finies, fine. 

Fins, differences^ determi- 
nations. 

Finz, jon. 

Fiont, made. 

Firger, to put in irons. 

Firmaille, a link, a chain. 

Firmalx, locks. 

Firmre, firmur, a pounds 
a do fe place. 

Firmite, afirong hold, 

Firont ('ui entendere, 
make him underfiand. 

Fis, caujed. 

Fis (que jeo), which I did, 

Fifchez, fixed. 

Fifechiens, phyficians, 

Fiflend, fijould make. 

Fift (fe), was made, was in 
force. 

Fit, paid. 

Fit afcavoir, it is to he 
known. 

Fites, fons. 



FO 

Fitz (les), the fees, 

Fiuz, fiux, fiz, fon* 

Fiuz, done. 

Flair, flaye, to hlow^ bkwn, 

Flecher, a bowyer, 

Flefcher, flefchier (fanz), 
without fwerving, with' 
out favouring. 

Fleuret (le), the foil or 
foin, 

Fleurons, flowers. 

Fley, a river, 

Flich, floche, an arrow, 

Florein d'or, a florin of 
gold, 

Florons, flourons,^<j'K;^rj. 

Flos, flot, a flood, a river. 

Flot &: reflot, ebbing and 
flowing. 

Flot (un ebbe et un), one 
ebb, and one flood, 

Flote, fleet. 

Plotter, to float or fwim, 

Flotus, little veffels. 

Flour Delys (les quatre), 
the four princes of the 
blood, viz, Philip duke 
of Orleans', John Lewis 
duke of Anjou \ John, 
earl of Poitiers, after- 
wards duke of Berry -, 
and the duke of Bour- 
bon : four of the hoflages 
left in England^ for the 
performance of the treaty 
of Bretigny ; ftgned the 
tth of May, 1360. 

Foder, 



F O 

Foder, to feed, to dig. 
Foe ful Dcu, exceft God 

alone, 
Foer, market-price, 
Foer, to dig. 
Foer (al), in tike manner 

as, 
Foercher par eflbignc, to 

fourch by ejfoign. 
Foes, foez, fees, 
Foethe (deus), twice. 
Foial (home), faithful 

man, 
Foialle entent, true en- 
tent. 
Foials, fuhje&s. 
Foiakee, fealty, 
Foiance, digging, 
Foier, to do, to enjoy. 
Foies, digged, 
Foiet (toutz), always. 
Foieth, foitz (a la), fome- 

times. 
Foil del coket, letter of 

cocket. 
Foill, a counterpart of an 

infirument. 
Foilles, foil, leaves, fheets, 
Foinefun, founefloun (en 

temp de), the feafon 

when the hinds brinz 

o 

forth their young, fawn- 
ing-time, fence-month. 

Feins (come ore), as we 
now do. 

Foir (a la) accqras in, in 
manner of, refemblance 
of 



r o 107 

Poke de le record (ad 

le), at the foot of the 

record. 
Foites, deeds, writings, 
Foith (a tant de), as often, 
Foith (un), once. 
Foifon grant des vitailles, 

a great quantity or flore 

of provijion, 
Foit (bonie), good faith, 
Foit notoire, openly done, 
Fole, fol, foolifh, bad^ 

foul, 
Folement, foolifhly, indif- 

creetly. 
Folies, leaves. 
Yo\y, fooUfhnefs, ignorance,. 
Fomol appel, a vexatious 

appeal, 
Fomollement, vexatioufly. 
Fonde de lettres, in virtue 

of letters. 
Fonde (l"uffifant),ya^aV«f 

power, authority, 
Fonge dent, fore-tooth. 
For, forfe, fore, force, but. 
For fulciaunt, excepting, 
Forbanir, to banifjj. 
Forbare, excludes. 
Forboins (es), in the fa- 

burbs. 
Fore (un), a box, 
Forche, force. 
Force, force, form, virtui 

of. 
Force du realm, the 

flrength of the realm. 

Force 



io8 F O 

Force (en notre), in our 
army. 

Force (a), of necejftty. 

Force ley (eft un), it is a 
hard lam. 

For ccaus, but thofe, 

Forhe, force. 

Fore lor ra, fiall bar. 

Forclorroit, JJjould bar. 

¥orc\oSy foreclofes, excludes^ 
deprives^ bars ; ejiopped. 

Fore (en la), in the mar- 
ket-place. 

Forein, ioxtigns, foreign- 
ers. 

Fores, forefis. 

Fores (!es), the cufioms, 
privileges, forms. 

Foreingent, adjudged. 

Forcyn (en), out of the 
lords jurijdiclion. 

Forf, forfeiture. 

Fort a re, forfeit. 

Forrift, fofeited 

Forfit, foifau, offence. 

Forger (po;enr), may 
frame ^ contrive. 

Forgerent, h^ve contrived. 

Forg;oor de i'dicc^jet about 
making. 

Foringes, oufled, forejudg- 
ed. 

Forej'jge, forejudged. 

Forjurer, to forfwear^ ab- 
jure., renounce. 

Forjure (a), to be barred. 

Forjuogeabkj di fabled. 



F O 

Forke, hut. 
Forment, grain. 
Forment, greatly, forcibly, 
Formenteles, formal. 
Fornage (a), forfournage^ 

for the oven. 
ForniiTements, formeif- 

mes, framing. 
Forniflbrs, framers. 
Fornift (fe), is performed^ 

executed. 
Foront, fhall caufe, 
Forrein circle, outward 

circle. 
Fors (al), with force. 
Fors de la foreft, out of 

the for eft. 
Fors defquelles lettres 

(par), by force of which 

letters, 
Forfablement, forceably. 
Forfclore, to foreclofe, to 

feize. 
Fors (faifons), bind our- 

felves. 
Forfelet, fortelet, fortu- 

rcfce, a hold, fortrefsy 

fortlet. 
Foriju^e pas (ne), ought 

n t to prejudice. 
Foriprcndre, exception. 
For fp rent, excepts. 
Forfpris, except. 
For (Tan r, prefs^ compel. 
Forkiire (qil) la courte, 

that he be forejudged 

by the court* 

Fort 



F O 

Fort a un clyent, hard 
upon a client. 

Fort (il feferroit afiez), be 
will enter into afufficient 
obligation. 

Forte chofe, a bard tbing, 
cafe. 

Fortunement, perbaps. 

Forveiaft de rienz, mijiake 
any matter. 

Forveier hors de lyne (fil 
vorroit), that be Jhould 
jiray out of, deviate 
from the line ; Jhould de- 
generate from. 

Forz, Jlrong, 

F(*s, but. 

Fofle, a ditch, pond. 

Fofter, a park-keeper. 

Fotiels, foolijh. 

Fouage, chimney -money ; a 
tax impofed by the black 
prince on Guienne. 

Fovagle, foveant, digging. 

Fouayne, a pit ; digging. 

Fouler, fowler aux pees, 
to tread down, to tread 
under foot. 

Fouler, to dig, to cleanfe. 

Foulle, opprejfed. 

FouUons, fuhons, fullers. 

Foundement, foundation. 

Foundez, foundered. 

Foundue, melted down. 

Founs de baptefme (de), 
from the font. 

Fount, belong, do, perform. 



F R 109 

Fount (au), at the bottom. 
Fount adrere, are in ar- 

rear. 
Founz, fountain. 
Fovoyle, foueil, feweU 
Four, a baking -oven, 
Fourche, to delay, put eff. 
'Fo\.\xc\\ts,Jlocks, pillory. 
Fourme, baked. 
Fo u r mee, informed agatnfi^ 
Fourmr, form. 
Fourmes (robes), robes 

made up. 
Fous naflres, fools born^ 

idiots. 
Fouts, it behove th. 
Fow (quarer), dug in his 

quarreys. 
Fowalles, fovoyle, a uti 

aft re, fuel for one chim- 
ney, 
Fower, to cut down, to 

dig. 
Foy (en bonne), in bona 

fide. 
Foyables, faithful. 
Foyder, to dig. 
Foyne, foine, a pole-cat, a 

wood-martin. 
Foys (per), by turns. 
Foys (pur), the agreement, 

or covenant. 
Fra (ne), will not make. 
FrachQ^ freight, 
Fraile, a bajhet, 
Fraine, a bridle. 
Fraint, Jhould do. 

Fraiz, 



MO 



F R 



Frai2,frais,fruez, charges. 

FmSt, frank tenement, 

Frankifes, franchifes* 

Frans, free, quit, 

Frap de gents (trop de), 
too great a retinue of 
people. 

Frarie, fraternky* 

Fraude, foldage* 

Frauldres, frauds, 

Fraunche ley, libera lex, 
frank or free law, fo 
called to dijlinguifh men 
who enjoy it, and whofe 
beji andfreiji birthright 
it is, from them that by 
Jheir offences have loji it, 
as men attainted in an 
attaint, in a confpiracy 
upon an indi^ment, or 
in a premunire, i^c. 

Fraunchcfe, frmchife. 

Fraunchement, frauch- 
ment, freely. 

Fr&unch'iie, freedom, liber- 
ty- 

Fraunk fengler, a free 

boar. 
Fraunk tor, a free bull. 
Fray, made. 
Frayent (qils), that fhey 

would ail. 
Frca, will perform. 
Frealre, frailty. 
Frcceis, a Frenchman. 
Freatz (ne), will not make. 
Frees, brethren. 



F U 

Freez, frees, fres, expiftceSi 

Freetz, will do, 

Freines, frefles, young afh-i 

trees. 
Freintes, broke open, 
Freit, freight, 
Frenges, fringes. 
Frere de baft, a haftard 

brother. 
Freris, frerez, brethren^ 

friory, hrctherhood. 
Frefche, frefh, 
Frefkement, friquemenf, 

frelhment, dire&ly, late- 

h. 
Frefque, fudden, 
Frettez, frette, freighted, 
Freyetes, broken. 
Frie (le) des falijions, fhg 

fry of falmons. 
Friens, fhould do. 
Frier, fryer, brother. 
Frifche, frefh. 
Froife, broken in pieces, 
Froit, frofi. 
Froms, we will make, 
Frofpris, except. 
Frounts, they make, 
Fruez, fruits. 
FruifTe la pais, break tht 

peace. 
Fu, I was. 
Fu, fire. 

Fuaunts, refufmg, 
Fuax, falfe. 
Fuay], fouoyle, fowalles, 

fuel. 

Flic, 



F U 

Fue, fire. 
Fueer, fleed. 
Fuelle, a daughter, 
Fuer, io drive aw ay y chafe, 
Fuer, flight, fled, 
Fuer, to avoid. 
Fuer (au) du temps, in 
proportion for the time, 
Fueront, were, 
Fueuft, was. 
Fugeree (latain), figured 

fatin. 
Fui, were. 

Fuifon, foifon, plenty. 
Fuifon (grant), great quan- 
tity. 
Fuift, ftrong wood. 
Fuit (ne foit), he not made. 
Fuitz(que fe port pur lei), 
who "pretends to be the 
fon. 

Fullours, fullons, foul- 
Ions, /j^^/Z^rj, 
Funche faire, a free fair. 

Funder, to ground^ found, 

Fundement, foundation. 

Fundements, chief rules, 
grounds. 

Funt, do. 

Fur (les), the gaUoius, 

Fur, furoms, ivere. 

Furchefces, forks. 

Furet, a ferret. 

Furier, February. 

Furit, was. 

Furk, but. 

Fiirmage, cbeefe. 



F Y 



lit 



Fwment, wheat, 

Furni, performed, etcecuttdf 

given, framed. 
Furnifez, execute, dijpatch, 
Fufe fang, blood-fhed, 
Fuft, he fled. 
Fuft, fuz, wood. 
Full, fuz (croys de), a 

wooden crofs, 
Fuft, fhould he. 
Fuft (avoite), had been. 

made, 
Foftage (arbres), old high 

trees of the for eft, 
Fufunt (nc), were not, 
Futz, fuftz (gros), greiU 

trees, timber. 
Fut (mettre 2,\f€t fire to, 
Futyf, a fugitive, 
Fuums, were, 
Fuyeur, a runaway, 
Fuyt, fute, flight, 
Futz, fuyz, fon. 
Fyere (ne poems de tut), 

we cannot at all confide 

in. 
Fyes, fyez, times, 
Fym, dung. 
Fyn, end. 
Fynable dilheritance, to 

the utter difinherifon, 
Fyne (del ofk- ■A\),from tht 

hone to the fin, 
Fynes, finemfs. 
Fynnen, a fountain, 
Fyrene, made. 
Fyrent, confided in, 

7 Fyw 



lie. 



G A 



Fyw (mys a), lighted upt 
Jet on fire. 

Ge, glee, grace, fa- 
vour. 
Gat, glove. 
gnt, gund, great, 
Gree, grant, agreement*. 
Gadount, that then. 
Gaeres de value, of any 

value. 
Gage (en), in mortgage, 
Gager, to depoftt, to engage 

or undertake., to wage. 
Gagerie, gagiere, pledge. 
Gagez, gages, fureties, 

fees, wages, 
Gagez (eient), have any 

wages. 
Gahin, gaing, gaaing, the 

autumn. 
Gaigerles, gaigenes, im- 

pignorations. 
Gaies, gaiges (lour), their 

falaries, wages. 
Gaigier (de), of gain. 
Gaigiers, hirelings. 
Gaignage, gaignere, wai- 

nage. 
Gaignarie, gainery, huf 

bandry, 
Gaigne (noflre), our own 

advantage. 
Gaigner, to obtain ly huf- 

bandry. 
Gainers (a), to he gained. 



G A 

Gaignes (des), the gain's; 

profits. 
Gaigneurs, the captors. 
Gaille, a jail. 
Gaine, gaignent (que), 

who plow or till, 
Gainure, tillage. 
Gairenner (count de), eart 

of Warren, 
Gaiflement, waft. 
Gait, guaite (fift), kept 

watch. 
Galbekon, Gallhetten. 
Galee, galeis, gaily, gal- 
lies. 
Galeys, France. 
Galeys, Calais. 
Galeys (Guill. de), Wil- 
liam de Waleys. 
Galles, Galeys, Wales, 

Welch, 
Galoges, galoches. 
Galoie, galce, galley, 
Galynes, galines, cocks, of 

capons. 
Ganer, to gain. 
Gantier, a glovdr. 
Gants, gaunts, ganz, 

gloves. 
Ganudir, to defend, main- 
tain. 
Gar, guards. 
Garanc, a warrant, com- 

mijfton. 
Garauntage, warranty, 
Gaic de chre, warranty 
of charter. 

Garbes, 



G A 

barbes, Jheaves of corn. 
Garbs., cloathing, vejiures* 

Garceons, fervantSj jour- 
neymen. ' 

Garda la, the award. 

Garde (la), the ijuard/hip, 
the judgement. 

Garde (la) Fairndon, the 
ward of Farringdon. 

Gardein, conjlable. 

Garden (feignour), lord- 
keeper^ lord-warden. 

Garder(les), the judgement. 

Garder, to watch ^ preferve^ 
to take care of to culti- 
vatCy to obferve. 

Gardes (Cur de), ccurt of 
wards. 

Gardes voudre challenges, 
look to your challenges. 

Gardiouns, take care. 

Gardior, guardian. 

Gardure gardeiny (en le), 
in the keeping. 

GdiVQ^yfidlcw. 

Garee (terre), old fallow- 
ground. 

Garefun, recovery. 

Garcifon, a reward^ afup- 
port. 

Garenner, to prohibit. 

Gargaus, chattering. 

Garignier, to till. 

Garinthes, the furr of the 
legs of hares. 

Ganlbun, garneifon, gar- 
nilons, guny, the pro- 
vidiw jor the callk^i^c. 



G A tig 

Garifun, garifon, fupport, 

maintenance, revenue. 
Garte, garis, garri, rejiored 

to health. 
Garnementz, garments., 
Garncr,garniflicr, to warn^ 

fummons* 
Garnefie, Guernfey. 
Garneftor garnilbn (le), 

the officer who -was to 

provide visuals, arms, 

Cfjc. for the fupport and 

defence of a cajilcj ^c. 
Garnefibur, garneOure (en 
fa), in his office ofgarnejlor. 
GarHeilure de chatel (en), 

towards fupplies for the 

caftle. 
Garn-jiture du chaftel (en 

la), within the precin^s 

of the caflle. 
Gamier (fans), without 

firjl acquainting him. 
Gar n is, paid. 
Garnil'hemenrj garnifie- 

ment, garnilhant;, gar- 

ns^feiiu, warnings fum- 

niop.s, notice. 
Garny, informed^ to have 

notice of. 
G 1 r ;-)}'• d c la m a I at? i e, cur" 

cdcf his illncjs. 
Garniz, provided. 
G::rr-!nt, protect. 
Garranr, quarant, /^r/y. 
Garranue, a jufice's war- 

Vf.nt . 
I Garran* 



114 G A 

Garrantizables, are to he 

warranted, proved. . 
Garranty, garrenty, war- 
rani ed, proved, 
Garren, garene, garreyn, 

garrayn, a warren, 
Garreteres, garters. 
Garrifon (le) imprift, took 

upon himfelf the cure, 
Garfettes, girls. 
Garfonnet, they draw, 
Gart, keep^ perform. 
Gart (vos), preferve you. 
Garth, a yard, garden, or 

backfide, 
Garzon a pee, a foot-boy, 
Gafcher, to row, 
Gafconche, Gafcony. 
Gaftel (le), wajlel bread, 
Galler, to wafie. 
Gaftine, wajle ground. 
Gaftors, wajters, 
Gafz, wajies. 
Gat, a gate. 
Gaul, garlick. 
Gaule \\2i\ii,gulecfAugufi f. 
Gault, gaut, a forejt. 
Gauterenr, gaiterent, in- 
tended, lay in wait. 
Gauntz, gloves, 
Gavvay, Gallaway. 
Gaweleynes (le corps de), 
the perfons cf the people 



G A 

of Callaway. 
Gayguafmes, gained. 
Gaynage or wainage, all 
the plow tackle, or im- 
plements of hufbandry, 
of the villain, country- 
man, or ploughman^ 
which were to be privi- 
leged from dijirejfes or • 
feizMres for fines or a- 
merciaments -, for if they 
were diftrained or feized 
onfuch account, he would 
be difabled from carrying 
on his employment of 
agriculture, contrary to 
the fundamental liberty 
of fubje5fs, who were Jo 
to be mul5led, fined, or 
amerced, as foould punifh 
them, but not break or 
undo them. 
Gayne (hors de), out of 

the fheath. 
Gayner, to till. 
Gaynerie, gaynurc, till(ige 
or tilling^ or the f refit 
raifed by tillage. 
Gaynours, the tillers. 
Gaycer la mort, to wait 

for the death. 
Ge iuy (que) et ceray, 
that I am a>7d /hall be. 



•f Dr. Brady fays lie coulJ i>ot fell what was mc :nt bv l^an- 
/lemai^ne Gai/lc l,ai,t\ l)m T appaheiid it i? the cUiv ot the (hi:e of 
the record publhhcd by \''\\\\, nnd ti'.at that day was the 2d of Au'juC^, 
being the morrow .ikcr iLl— 'V^A' rfAu^uf,, Brady, vol. II. p. 199. 



G E 

Geans, people. 

Geaft, agueji. 

Geaule, a jail. 

Gehennet, to avoid. 

Gehis (cient) de eux 
mefmes, have the go- 
vernment of themfelves. 

Gehis (il eft), he is forced. 

Geift, liesy rejides, 

Geift (lour), their accom- 
modation. 

Geitant, wajling. 

Geldables, liable to be tax- 
ed. 

Geleyns, gelyns, hens. 

Gelofie, fondnefs. 

Gelure (due de), duke of 
Gueldres. 

Geners, kinds ^ fpecies. 

Gcnices, heifers. 

Gente, genx (ma), my 
people. 

Gentez (les) du people, 
the parliament. 

Gentieux hommes, gentle- 
men. 

Gentifeme, a gentlewo- 
man, 

GentilefTe, the nohility, 

Genulera, Jhall kneel. 

Gcncz de meitire, majlers 
of trades. 

Geole, a cave, a prifon. 

Gcolier, a jailer. 

Gerdin, a garden. 

Gere, 'war. 

Gcrcfie, Crtii'eey, Jirfey. 



GI us 

Geril, diforder. 

Gernettes, garnets. 

Gernifons, garrifons. 

Gcrpit, avoided, abandon' 
ed, 

Gers (qils ne doutent), 
that they are not afraid 
to take. 

Gerfonent (nc), do not 
rack. 

Gefkerech, the month of 
Auguji. 

Geft,^C/?. 

Geft, gette (le), the beha- 
viour. 

Gefta, carried away, 

Gefte, a gueji. 

Geftez, wajied. 

Geftoient fomons, who had 
been fummoned. 

Get (a), hath begotten. 

Getteis, gets, jettys. 

Getter ceo la en hochpor, 
to throw into hotch- 
potch. 

Getter, geter flc), to fe- 
cure^ to ii.de'-nnify him. 

Gettere, to cajl. 

Gettez de feyn, cocks of 
hay. 

Gettu, thrown, caji. 

Geyr.es, jhe.ths. 

Gharand, warrant. 

Gide, gu'.d?.. 

G;e, gov erred. 

Gienz, people. 

Gieu, Geu. a J civ. 
I 2 Gie, 



ii6 



G O 



Gie, gi, Ulmyfelf. 

Gihall, GuildhalL 

Giloux, jealous. 

Gipferrynges, harnefs for 
girdles. 

Girome, Jerome, 

Girra, Jhall lye.- 

Gifarme, a military wea- 
pon like a lance., or long 
bayonet. 

Giler (pur) lui overt, to 
lay him open. 

Gift (qi), who is huried, 
who lies. 

Giftance, cajling up, 

Giftes, caji up. 

Glebe, a piece of earth or 
turf, 

Gleyves, fwcrds^ hills. 

Glifes, churches, 

Glofgu, Glafcovj. 

Glyn, a valley, 

Godetz d'or, gcblets^ mugs 
of gold, 

G ombre, rejoice. 

Gomme, gum. 

Goor, a watery place. 

Gopicle, gopil, gcupi!, 
gupil, a fox. 

Gores de leney, days cf re- 
creation. 

Gorre, a fow. > 

GorSjgorfe, gurts, a fir earn 
or pool, a ivatery place ^ 
a wc.:r, a fiftj-pcnd^ a 
ditch, a dariif a gorcc. 

Got, a Jlnice, drain, or 

d(iih. 



G R 

Gouette, a drop. 

Goule d'Acuft, the gule df 

Augujl, or the iirft of 

Augujl. 
Goune, gown. 
Gourt, a watery place. 
Gous, a dog, 
Goy, God. 
Goy, lame, 
Grace de founder, leave t» 

found, 
Graera, will agree to, 
Graffer, a notary y a fcri- 

vener. 
Gram (en), in grammar. 
Gramaci, great mercy. 
Grant, graunt, grauntz, 

great. 
Grant, when. 
Grant feal, great feal. 
Grant bank le roy (les 

juftices deu), the jujlices 

of the king's high bench. 
Granre (le teygne), take 

it for granted. 
Grants, graunttz, granted. 
Grantterries, tiobles of the 

realm. 
G rantz, graunts, grauntez, 

grain ts, great men. 
Grafe, grais, grace, fa- 

I'cur, 
Gratcntement, readily. 
Gratifiie (ont), have ap- 
proved, confirmed. 
Crava, grave, a grove. 
Graver, to grieve, ag- 

iricvc. Grau- 



G R 

Graument, a great deal. 

Graiindour, extent^ ftze. 

Graunta (il), he -promt fed, 
agreed. 

Grauniez, grants. 

Graunticrs, grannterz, to 
he granted. 

Graynour, granour, ^r^^/. 

Gre, gree, favour^ gracej 
concern. 

Greable, voluntary. 

Greantz, we grant. 

Grcdirnes, gridirons. 

Gree, grey, confent^fatis- 
faSiion, accord, agree- 
ment. 

Gree, gre (de), volunta- 
rily. 

Gree (par), hy agreement. 

Greei, agreed to. 

Grees (des), of the parties 
aggrieved. 

Grct, grievance. 

Grefs, grievous. 

Greignour, greynour, 
grendres, greindre, 
more greats greater. 

Greir, greeteth. 

G reiver, io afeS^. 

Greivure, greverement, 
more grievous , I ea vier . 

Gremercy, great mercy. 

Greo, grcs, fatisfatUcn. 

Gres, great. 

Grefle, filled. 

Greffaraep/wi?. 



G R 117 

Greve nent (ne), there is 
no damage. 

Greve (en), in trouble, af- 
fii^ion. 

Grevoir, to aggrieve. 

Greyn (boef peu de), a 
corn fed ox. 

Greyne, grei^ne, grain. 

Grie, agreement, Jatisf ac- 
tion. 

Grief, grievance. 

Grieh, gries, grievous. 

Grieues, en the fijores, 
hanks. 

Grieux, Grieu, Grigois, 
Greek. 

Grigner, greater. 

Grith, peace. 

G rich dole, a fan5luary. 

Gro, groffe, fat, great. "■ 

Groinureteumain (en), in 
greater tejlimony. 

Gromec(un), a fea-faring 
hoy. 

Groos (en), in grcfs. 

Gros homes, 'men of quality. 

Gros nature, general na- 
ture. 

Gros po'wit, principal point. 

Groncmenc en!ient,^r(?j/, 
quick "juith child. 

Grodeours, bickerings, af- 
fronts, ill-it'ill. 

Grofiier, to grow big. 

GrofTment, generally. 

GroiTome, a fine at en- 
trance. 

I 3 Grotz, 



ii^ 



G tf 



Grotz, groats. 

Grume, grun, all forts of 
grain, 

Guannys, hujhandmen. 

Guarifon, the cure, 

Guafcon, a Gafcon. 

Guay, guey (au), to the 
key of the river. 

Gued apent (omicide de), 
wilful murder. 

Gueir, to take care, to fee, 

Guel ceux (au), to the 
eare of thofe. 

Guelle, throat. 

Guerdon, a bargain, a re- 
ward. 

Guerdon nez, rewarded. 

Guerniers, garniers, gar- 
ners, Jiorehoufes. 

Guerpercnt p mort, left 
him for dead, 

Guerpi, guerpyes, guep- 
pe, abandoned^ left. 

Guerra, Jhall ■plead. 

Guerres, hinders, 

Guerritt (fil en), // he he 
cured of it, 

Guerroicr, guerryer, wage 
war^ go to war with, 

Guertent, think. 

Guertoienc, forfake. 

(iueyemenr, government, 

Gueyet, governed, 

Guf, « pit, 

Guiayne, Guiaigne, Ac- 
quitain. 



G W 

Guideront, thought, in* 

tended, 
Guier, guyer, to guide, 
Guier, guided. 
Guierent (fe), conduSied, 

themfelves, 
Guildable, gildable^ not 

within any franchife. 
Guindors, governors. 
Guifarme, a military we a' 

pon made like a lance, 
Guife, guyfe, method. 
Guile (a) de marchant, 

as a merchant, 
Guiters, holes^ gutters. 
Gule, the beginning or fir ft 

day of a mcnth. 
Gurge, a pond or pool, 
Gurneroic, warned, 
Gus, ^? beggar, 
Guftera,^??^// tafte of, 
Gurre, gwer, wan 
Guycment, guidance, go- 
vernment. 
Guyen (Monfr. de), John 

of Gaunt, duke of Ac- 

quitain. 
Guyet, guyer, governed. 
G u )' fe, fajjjion, manner. 
Guytemens de voyes et de 

c hem ins, dcflru^fion of 

roads and highways. 
Guyfe (la d'armes), the 

cujlom; law of arms. 
Gwer, war. 
Gwyene, Guienne, Acqiii- 

tain, 
2 Gylour, 



H A 

Gylour, one who deceives 

the court. 
Gypwyz, Ipfwich, 
Gyrues, Jews. 
Gyler, to lie down, 

HA, bath J have. • 
Haber, to have. 

Habergiez, haubergers, a 
c oar fe fort of cloth. 

Habido, Abingdon. 

Hable, able. 

Ji abler, to ejtable, to ren- 
der a per/on capable of 
inheriting^ to rejiore. 

Hables, havens, ports. 

Habundent, abound. 

H'cer (a), to harrow. 

Hacher, to plunder. 

Hacties, hace, hatchets. 

Hada, a haven, port. 

Hagu, a houfe. 

Haies, hedges. 

Haies, heys. 

Haineux, inimical. 

Haiour, hatred. 

Hairaflera, will harrafs. 

Haiter, haitier, to rejoice. 

Haits, haitie, heitiez, 
lively, a£iiv£, hearty, in 
health. 

Hakerr, agate. 

Halberge, an inn. 

Halt iaine, high birth. 

Halx princes, high, nolle 
princes. 

Halz hazj fet, has made. 



H \ 119 

H^m, a village. 

Hamele, hamelle, a ham- 
let. 

Hamelx, haniells, ham- 
lets. 

Hames, haime. 

Hanap, hamper, cup. 

Hanap d*argent, afilver 
cup. 

Hanapes (burfels pur), 
covers for cups. 

Hane, hated. 

Hange, hatred. 

Hanguvelle, a New-year^ S' 

Hanfe, a focicty. 
HanTer, to accufe. 
Hanfer (!e), the handle. 
Hanfhomes, the high men, 

the prelates ajid great 

barons. 
Ha-ntafc (ne) Engleterre, 

fl-jGuld not repair into 

England. 
Hantin, an uncle. 
Haour, haired. 
Happa, got., took, receiv- 
ed. 
Happa (a) feirin, hath 

gotten, jeifi'i. 
Happa (que prines), '•juho 

fir ft happens to have. 
Happe (^nc) mie, does net 

gain, cbiain, get. 
Happec, take-j. 
Harald, hsraul"!, a herald. 
Harang lore^ locr, hc7'- 

rings. 
I ^ Harans 



12Q MA 

Haraus (reys des), he- 
ralds, kin^s at arms. 

Haras dc juments, a breed 
of mares, 

Harch'ers, archers. 

Hard (de la), implements, 
goods, furniture. 

Hardoyer, to at tacky in- 
Jult. 

Hardy, darings prefump- 
tuous. 

Harenguifer, herring fea- 
fon. 

Harer, harier, to Jlir up, 
provO'Cy importune. 

Hareufement, feditioujly, 

Harforr, Hertford. 

Harraoniqueur, a mufi- 
cian, 

Harney s in, arrayed, 

Harriez molt, vry forry, 

Hafpe (le), the hafp, han- 
dle. 

Hafter (pour droit), for 
difpatch of jufiice. 

Haitier^ a minijier; to dif- 
patch. 

Hail it, haflyfe, immaturey 
inccrifi derate. 

Wa^X\{ (que rolt), ivhich 
may require dijpatch. 

HaniulciTient, inhafle^ too 
foo'ri. - 

Hanvfte, dilizence. 

Hattcs, hats. 

Haubcrionij a coat of 
maiU 



H A 

Hauberk, haubergons, rf 

halbcrt. 
Haugh, a valley, 
Haulement, hauliement, 

highly. 
Haulz, highy great, 
Haume, helmet, 
Hauncer, haulfter, to raife, 

ere5l, 
Hauncer (un), a weight 

called the auncel weight , 
Haunge, contrivance, 
Haunieck, one horn in 

Flanders, 
Haunt ne repeir, haunt 

nor repair. 
Haur, haut, hatred. 
Hauront, Jhall have, 
Haus, hoiife. 
Haufl cfchetour, chief ef- 

chetour. 
Haufters, towers of veff els. 
Haute, hautece, highnefs, 

excellence. 
Hautifme, mofi high. 
Hautnci's, greatnefsy hei' 

noufnefs. 
Hauz, haus, haults homes, 

men of high degree, the 

great barons, 
Havemcnt, greedily. 
Havene, havle, haven, 
l-]avcir, to have, 
Ha}e, hay, a hedge. 
I-Jayer, to hate, 
Hayes (en), in ranks or 

rozvs, 

Hayno^e 



U E 

Haynge (par), through 
malice. 

Hayfon, the fencing or 
hedging- time. 

Haw, afmall piece of land 
near a houfe, 

Hawberg (tee de), a te- 
nure by which the tenant 
is obliged to defend the 
land by full arms, that 
is, by horfe, haubert, 
target^ fwordy or helmet; 
a tenure by knight's fer- 
vice. 

Hawyfe, Avice. 

Hear, her, heir. 

Heaume, an helmet. 

Hebbyngwerez, ebbing- 
wears. 

Hede-penyez, head-pence. 

Heint, hatred. 

Heir, inheritance. 

Heirs (devant ceux), here- 
tofore, in times paji. 

Heis, heies, hedges. 

Helmor, fentence, judge- 
ment. 

Hely, Ely. 

Hen, had. 

Herbage et herberge (fil), 
if he lodges or harbours. 

Herbergages (des), of the 
apartments. 

Herberger, to lodge, to 
dzvell in. 

Hcrberges (a), at the caf- 

■ tie. 

Jkrberjours, lodgers. 



H I 121 

Herbette, dull. 

Herbirent (queux), who 
were Quartered. 

Herces, hearfes. 

Here, heir. 

Hereges, heretics. 

Her it, an heretic. 

Heritanz, inhabitants. 

Hernois, herneys, harnefs, 

Heroies, heroes. 

Heroldes, heralds. 

Herpe, a harp. 

Herfedecome, archdea^ 
conry. 

Herfoin, yefierday. 

Hertefcombe, the anion 
in the civil law, called 
aSlio familia ercifcundis\ 
in our law, coparcenery, 

Het, heate, the heart. 

Hettez, heartv. 

Htu (jai), I have had. 

HeudernefTe, Holdernefs. 

Heuke, huke, a hood, 

Heurs, heirs. 

H e u r u fi te, happinefs . 

Heuit elte, had been. 

Hey be, hayhote. 

Heynodc (le), the heinouf- 
nefs. 

Hi, there, thither. 

W'idt, fright, dread. 

Hide], a place of fanHuary. 

Hidous, frightful, terri- 
fying. 

Hier, heir. 

Hiytan jour, eighth daw 
iJille 



122 H O 

Hille (le), the ijle, 
^-^.WvLC, there. 
Wircte, inheritance, 

Hirland, Ireland, 

Ho, Jtop, ceafe -, the word 
made ufe of for the com- 
hat ants to leave off fight- 
ing. 

Ho (k) devereit entendre, 
to make one believe. 

Hobeificnr, obey. 

Hobelours, hollers^ light- 
horfemen^ halherters. 

Hobyns, hobbies. • 

Hogetz, young weather- 
Jheep. 

Hoict, eight, 

Hoirie, inheritance, 

Hoirs, heirs. 

Hokes, hooks. 

Hoketons, akeron, a(5lon, 
cloaks or caffocks. 

Horn a, man. 

Home, homa, homage. 

Hoincaus, the Elms near 
Sniithfield \ the place of 
exscution before 'Tyburn. 

Honayllurs, at the fame 

. time., neverthckfs, 

Honeefls, lavjful. 

Hones, hcnoiir. 

Honiz, injured, ruined. 

Honour au'iit, ornament. 

Honrage, a feiguiory^ a 
great fee. 

Hons, a man, 

Hont, have. 

Hontage, affront, ap- 
proach, ^ 



H O 

Honurement, honourably, 
Hony, difgroce, evil, 
Hooland, Holland. 
Hopulandcs, houpelands, 

furres, 2, two long coats 

or cloaks furred, 
Hor eft (par le chambir- 

layne quy), by the pre- 

fent chamberlain, 
Hore, hour. 
Hore (a), at prefent. 
Hore (que ^t\)^fmce that, 

infffmuch as. 
Hore dkte, given jtendered. 
Hores (routes lesj, when- 
ever, 
Hors d'or (un rubi), a 

ruby not fet in gold. 
Hors de ceinz, out of this 

place, 
Hors dun fine, upon a fine. 
Hors de pofiefTion, out of 

pcffcffwn. 
Hors port, bringeth forth. 
Hors qt houre, from thi 

time that, asfoon as. 
Hors pris, omitted, except- 
ed. 
Horflrcit hors, drawn out. 
Horfi.rez, dragged out, 
HorC', a garden, 
Hofa, dared. 
I-Toibigt^z, hcflages. 
Hoflc, an hoff, a guefi. 
Hoftc, put out, 
Hoitc (luy) de I'eglife, 

thofe who hold of thi 

church, 

HoRel, 



H O 

Hoftel, bottfeholdy family, 
Hoftel, hoft, houft, an 
army. 

Hoiteiage, entertainment 
at an inn ; the hire of 
Jialls in a market. 

Jioltelef, to put up at an 
'■ inn. 

Hoftelier, hollillers, hof- 
tillurs, hoftler, an inn- 
keeper. 

Hoftell le roy, hofteulx, 
the kind's houfehold. 

Hoftcfr, to remove, 

Hoftery, hoflry, an inn. 

Hoiles (les), the doors. 

Hotle^ (tut), entirely re- 
moved. 

Hollez, repulfed. 

Hoftiel, hofteulz, houfe, 
lodging, home, quarters. 

Hoflielx tenauntz, houfe- 
hclders. 

Holliier, to take out, dimi- 
nifh from. 

Houces, hcufin^s, 

Houches, chefts. 

Houghtez, taken cut, 
erafed. 

Hountoufement, Jhame- 
fully. 

Houpells, tufts, taffels. 

Houre qes (del), ftnce 
that, fo long as. 

Houre Icrra (quant), ijohen 
the time comes. 

Hous en hous (de), from 
door to doer. 



H U 123 

Hduft, army. 

Koull, 'icar, a military ex- 
pedition. 

Houftei, houfe. 

Houfticl, houfshold. 

Hovement. digging. 

Hoives, gcif^. 

Hoz, hoze, on ar-my* 

Hu, hue and cry. 

Huches (en lour), in their 
chejis, ' 

Huches de mariners, the. 
mariners chefs. 

Hucher, a huntfman^s 
born, from whence 
comes the zvord, hue, 

Huchier, to proclaim. 

Hue, cry, clamour. 

Huech, eight. 

Hueil, an eye. 

Hues, had. 

Huenr?, hucm, a man. 

Huers (paflet), paffed 
through, out. 

Huevrt% "jjork. 

Fluguetto, Azatha. 

Hui, huy, to day. 

Huimes, nozn, prefently. 

Huicienes (les), the oc- 
taves. 

Hujus (quatre),/(?«r houn' 
daries, hedges. 

Huiz, a gate, a door. 

Hum, <^ man, anyone. 

Hum, ha\;e. 

Humble (al), to the naveh 

Humble fie, humility . 

Humes, 



124 H Y 

Humes, had. 
Hunt, hount, Jhame. 
Huntage, reproach, dif- 
credit, 

Hure (al), at the fame time, 

Hurer, hat maker, 

Hures, hurez, hats. 

Hurs (fa haie), thrown 
dowtiy pulled down his 
hedge. 

Hus (al), at the doer. 

Hufbote, houfchote. 

Hufe (de la), of the houfe, 

Hufeons, hufens, bufcans. 

Hufsherie de I'efchckere, 
the office of ufher of the 
court of exchequer, 

Huft, has. 

Kullin, hutin, noife, cla- 
mour. 

Kavvf, Hugh. 

Huy, heard. 

Huy, to-day. 

Iiuy (et ceo eft), and this 
is now. 

Huy ces jour, at this day. 

Huyctaves, huykes, oc- 
taves^ eight. 

W uyer,/(/ oyout or proclaim. 

I lavs, door. 

H I) y fc ( i n n e r) , inner parlour, 

Hydoulcs, hidejiis. 

i iyVt, a heriot. 

\\\'\i he, there. 

}Iyl (lie), here. 

W)i\Q{\t: mii)^xt)ithe head 
fcrvani. 

Hvs, he^ has. 



J A 

T they^ there. 
J 5 Ja (en), there is. 
Ja, iaz, 7iow^ alreadyj:ence- 

forth, yet, neverthelefsy 

never, whereas. 
Jademains, jadumeis,/«r- 

thermore. 
Ja le plus tart, never the- 

lefs, at the lajl. 
Ja foit ceo qe, fo long as. 
Ja {ok que, although, that, 
Ja fi grant tort (ne fuft 

ceo), was the mifchief 

never fo great. 
Ja felt ce quil eent efte, 

although they have been. 
Ja feyt ifce ke vos feez 

lye a nos, although you 

are bound to us, 
Ja fi able pcrfon (foit il), 

let him be never fo fit a 

peif-.i. 
Jace, lain. 
Jackcs, jackets, coats of 

mail', alfo a kind of mili- 
tary coat put over the 

coat of mail. 
Jacoit, although, yet, ftilL 
Jaczoit ce que, although 

that. 
Jadumeins, 7ioticithfand' 

ing, alfo, moreover, 
Jadcmeyns, yet. 
Jagan, a giant. 
Jaiant, a giant, 
Jaidic, lately, 

JaimCa 



J A 

Jaime, Jaume, James, 

Jake, Jak, Jaky, >w^/. 

Jalemens, jalemems, ja le 
meyns, jalemeyns, al- 
ivays, alfo, neverthelefs^ 
Jiilly yety fometimes, as 
well as^ moreover, fur- 
ther, 

Jaliin, jalon, a gallon. 

Jamais (a) et a jamais, for 
ever and ever, perpetual. 

Jamme, a gem, jewel, 

Jammes devant, never he- 
fore. 

Jan, John. 

Janevoir,Janner,J(2«/^^ry. 

Jangleour, a minjirel. 

JdLnnz, furze. 

Janti fame, a nohleivor/2an, 
a gentlewoman. 

Janue, Gene a. 

Japieca, within a little 
time. 

Jarcer, to cleave. 

Jarges, charged, cpprejsd. 

Jaloit, cUhough. 

Jalbic ce que, ir.afmuch as. 

Jarant, jatardcis, now of 
late, neverthelefs. 

Juarde, lateh, 

Jauine, ydlouj. 

Jaulx, them. 

J i u n z , k eath, furze. 

Jaur, a day. 

Jaul-i, Jojeph. 

Javc, zvatcr. 

JiynutT, 'January. 

Ic, there. 

Iceep]a:z, tl:fc tdea:. 



J E 125 

Icelcui meimes, this fame, 
Iccls, iceans, fuch. 
Iceo, icen, this, that, 
Iceft (d'), of the fame, 
Icevoix, they^ them. 
Ichet, falls, 
Icl, thrown. 
Idles, ifes, ijlands. 
Idunk, then, there, 
Jeane, Genoa. 
Jeaundie, Jeady, 'Thurf- 

day. 
Jecier, to throw, caft. 
Jchan de Pefchan, J(?^» de 

Peckbam. 
Jchana, John. 
Jchane, Joan. 
Jehu Chrilt, Jefus Chrijt, 
J ekes (qe), than ur.til. 
Jekt's a o^ns, up with 

them. 
Jene, young. 
Jcnuer, Jcnevoir, Jeone- 

ver, Ja^uiary. 
Jent ne, have net. 
Jc'odi, I'h-urfday. 
J .^ , r r. e {it, j eo .Tne i s, youth, 
Jcovene (ie), the younger, 
Jer, firf. 
Jcr, ycferday. 
Jerinc, they have gcr^e. 
Jerjour, firjl day. 
Jerlm, Jcrufclem. . 
Jcrn, Ycrrnouth. 
lert, fjall be. 
Jcrr, will he, 
J.-lke?, jelquef^rncca, ;'/:/ 

n.w, hitherto. 

Jr.ilamer, 



126 



I L 



Jeflamer, on this fide the 

feas, V 
Jefq a, contrary to. 
Jefqucs en cea defoies, de 

foie, hitherto unheard 

of, unaccujiGmed. 
Jeftiefmes (fe pfent), // 

we were prefent. . 
Jette fors, excepted. 
Jeu, a Jew. 
Jeufday, Tuefday. 
Jeiifdye, Jurifdie, 1'uefday. 
Jewife (a fa), fee Juife. 
Jex, eyes. 
Iffinite, affinity. 
Igale, equal. 
Iglife, church, 
Ignier, igny, /o hum ^ fired. 
Jia (il), they are. 
J'-.ere, j'ere, / was. 
llez, they. 

Illcd, of the fame place, 
like (d'), moreover. 
Illes, ifiands. 
lUickes, illcques, illoc, 

ilokes, illec, alec, there. 
Illieyt (taunt come), as 

long as there are. 
Illiont (fi^ if they have. 
Illoeqes, there. 
lllocfqes, illuefqes, illuf- 
qes (dc), frcm thence j 

from that time, 
Illoigner, eloined. 
. Iluccke, there. 
Imbucnt. they drank* 



I N 

Imttwxmity freedom, immtl' 
nity, 

Impareil, not to be cont' 
pared with. 

Impayrera (ne), fhall not 
vitiate. 

Impediera, fhall hinder, 

Impere, empire., jurifdie-^ 
tion, 

Impetraceion, requefi,fuitt 
profecutions. 

Impierment, prejudicing, 

Implier, to fill up, fulfil. 

I ni portables, greater than 
can be born^ infupport' 
able. 

Importunes (jeues), vain^ 
inconvenient y improper 
games and fports. 

Imprelleur, a printer. 

Imprimt en le jour, twi- 
light. 

Improwment, improving* 

In aprcs, thenafter. 

Inane re, to make void. 

Incarnacum, incarnation. 

Incedent, fet jorth, pub- 
lijhed. 

Inchoatz, commenced. 

Incleaied, erijU/rcd, en- 
tangled. 

Inconnera, obflru^* 

I neuter, to fink?.. 

Indeu, indebted. 

Indidte, pronounced, 

ladiic, to declare. 

Indomit, 



I N 

Indomit, untameable. 

Inducaft, induced, intro- 
duced. ' 

Induement, unduly. 

Indueronc, perfuade, bring 
into temper. 

Induifant, perfuading. 

liidult, young, not of age, 

Induyent, induul^ put into. 

Infamatenrs, infamous. 

Infamife (nul), no infam- 
ous per f on. 

Infefl, undone. 

Infer, hell. 

Inferme propos (eft II), 
hath a firm purpofe. 

Informacions, injiru^ions. 

Ing'^n, wrong, deceit, 

Ingene (mal), /'// will. 

In gen yes (les), their wits. 

Ingyft, thrown out. 

InWdLbWwdiUon^^dif abilities. 

Inhable, enabled. 

Inhonure.Te, fhamclefs. 

Inhumevnemenr, outrage- 
oufly, cruelly. 

Injefture le maines, lay- 
ing hinds on one. 

o 

Inique, wicked. 
Inife. See Juis. 
Injuratours (lour), thcfe 

who injured them. 
Inlagerie, inlawry. 
Inneumcnt^ renewal. 
Innig, June. 
Inomee, without a n.77nc. 
Inorer, to be ignorant. 



I N 127 

Inquietaunce, difquiet, 
Inquietours, perfons who 

molefled incumbents in 

their benefices, by virtue 

of provijions from the 
- pope. 

Inquife,/(?f/»i, inquired. 
Inrafer, to pull up by. the 

roots. 
Infciement, ignorantly. 
Infeller, to occupy a fiaU 

in a church. 
Infenfes, informed. 
Infient, pregnant. 
Inftruftes, prepared, 
Inftrum, inftrument, 
Intant a dire, as much as 

to fay, 
Inreres, interefle, injuries, 
Inteleire, omitted, inter^ 

lined. 
Inter.r.ement, (a 1'), to the 

determination. 
I n t h i m e , an eTtthymeme ; 

intimation. 
Inthimer la elleflion (lay), 

to intimate to him the 

ckclion. 
Intin^.e amie, my dear 

friend inwardly. 
Intromittent, intermeddle, 
Inrrufours, intruders, 
INV, fcfis. 
Invaire, to invade. 
Invafiblcs, anv artillery 

made of in ,;;; invaficn. 
Inveigner, to find. 

Innvnde 



lit J o 

Inwynde deins la tefone 
des lains, in winding 
within the fleeces of wool. 

Jo, joe, /. 

Joalx, joiaus, jewels. 

Joefnes, joefene, young, 

Joel, joer, day. 

Joerge, fwear. 

Joefdie, Jocfdy, Joendie, 
Joedy, Juefdy, Thurfday.. 

Joial, a jewel. 

Johus, jewels. 

Joieront, Jball enjoy. 

Joiex, joyfitly happy. 

Joignet, Joign, Joil, July. 

Joir, obtain^ enjoy. 

Joitement, wording. 

Joiz, enjoyed. 

Jone home, young man. 

Jones, John. 

Jonglours, minjlrels. 

J onz, joint. 

Jor, to them. 

Jor promts (no unt teu), 
have not kept their pro- 
mife. 

Jor, joLire (al), at fhc day. 

Jorci ((!'), of York. 

Jorgi, George. 

Jorer, to fwear. 

Jornaunte (a la), at day- 
break. 

Jorne, day fcr 'vice. 

Jornee, place^ day. 

Jornee (la), the taking the 
offize. 

Jorrours, jorres, jurors, 
juries. 



JO 

Jorncy, jorneie (a la), ifi 

court, 
Jofe, thing. 
Jothed, cafi out. 
Jou, Imyfelf. 
Jou, a cock. 
Jova, played. 
Jouene chapon, a young 

capon. 
Joiiers, flage-players, 
Jouette, youth. 
Jougleur, a minfirel. 
Jour en autre de journe- 

ment, daily. 
Jour (defques au) de huy, 

to this day. 
Jour de huy en un moys 

(dedenz du), within this 

day month. 
Jouree, fworn. 
Journante, before fun-rfe^ 

day -break. 
Journe, a yoke. 
Journe, journee (a unc)^ 

at one day. 
Journe (a la), at the court. 
Journcc, day^ time. 
Journee (a la), at the meet- 

ing. 
Jours (apres Ics), after 

the deceafe. 
Jourfniais (a tous), fof 

ever. 
Jcus (tornbe), fell down. 

Jouil", iicar. 

Jou lie, according to. 

Joyerj 



I s 

Joyer, to enjoy. 

Joynant (del droit), of the 
right joining to it. 

Joynture, jun5fion, 

Joyons, rejoice, 

JoyfTent a tenet, have a 
right to hold. 

Joz a (tous), for ever. 

Ik, to go, to journey i alfo 
angry, 

Iretage, heritage, inherit- 
ance. 

Irreis, Irrys, Irrois, Irifh, 

Irreit a terre, would fall to 
the ground, 

Irreit pas (ne), fhould net 
proceed. 

Irrer, to journey, to per- 
form their iters, 

Irrez zwzuwt, fhall proceed, 

Irrite, unjuji, void, of ni? 
effe^. 

Irrours, indignation. 

irruer, to fubvert^ to ruflo 
in upon. 

Is fors (il), they go out, 

Ifcint (de qi), from whom 
iffued. 

Ifle (ne), fJoall not iffue. 

IQes (bailiffs des), bailiffs 
thereof'^ or bailiffs of the 
ifies, viz. of Sark, Al- 
derney, &c. 

Iflicrfa,/?^// chufe. 

Ifoicnt, are there. 

\(o\i. Jhou'ui be. 

lfp,/o near. 



J tr 129 

ifs (ke), which they. 

Iflent, they iffue. 

Ifler (ne puffe), cannot gd 

out. 
IfTerene, went out, 
Iffint, thus, fo. 
Iflir, going out. 
Iflift, he went out, 
Iflit, it iffues, 
Iffue (lour), their broodj 

their youngi 
I flue, an end. 
Ifluit, infuch manner, 
m, he f}:allhe. 
Ift, lies^ iffues. 
Iflal, fuch, 

Iftra, ifter, fhall iffue tut, 
Icel (d'afcun), of any fuch 

perfon, 
Itei manere (en), in fuch 

manner. 
Iter, a ram, 
Ju'dgus, jewels. 
Jucques au nombre, to 

the number, 
Iveer (en), in winter. 
Juelyn, Yvelyn, Evelyn^ 

Dublin. 
Ji^en, June. 
Juer (cardes a), playing 

ca' ds. 
Juerie (iuflices de la)> 

jujliccs of the jezi'S, 
Juers, George. 
Jues, punijhment, judge- 
ment. 
Jucs, Jews, 
il Juefdy, 



I30 J U 

Juefdy, Juofdy, Thurfday. 

Jueus.juaux,jucles,_;>ie;f/j. 

Juez, jues, games. 

Jug (le/, the judge. 

Jugc, a yoke, 

Jugeable (ne foit), cannot 
form any judgement. 

Jugeos (feront), jhall he 
fworn, 

Juggrictz, Jhall judge, 

Jugied, adjudged. 

Juig, Jiiignel, June, 

Juife, juifle, juyfe, judge- 
ment ^ fentence^ 'vulgar 
purgation^ Jire - ordeal, 
water- ordeal jftngle com- 
bat, 

Juife fans autre, without 
other, judgement being 
pajfed *. 

Juife aut a la, let him 
clear himjelf\ let him go 
to his ordeal. 

Juife ficomc il appent 
(face faire), that they 
may have fuch jujlice as 
they deferve. 

Ju merit, an ox. 

Jumentz, mares. 

Jundre (a), to add to, 

Junz, innz, inner part, 
Ju pardee, jeopardy, 
Jurjura, day. 



JU 

Jure, jure re, to ftuear, 

Juree, a jury, 

Juree, jures, an oathj 

oaths. 
Juretz, ]\1T2XS, fworn, 
Juretz (entre), took cm 

oath to each other. 
Jurez, one who is within 

the law, 
Jurges, oaths, 
jux^tni, /wear. ' 
Jurifdie, Tuefday. 
Jurpris, adjourned* 
Jurre, a liege-man. 
Jurromy (nous ne), we do 

not /wear. 
Jufte la collere, near the 

coaft. 
Juftice, jufticer, jufticiee, 

amenable to jujlice. 
Jufticement fort et dure, 

penance fort and dure, 
Jufticer a lui (ne fe voet), 

refufcs to fubmit tojuf- 

tice before him *, to ap- 
pear before him. 
Jufticer (fe) p ley, to juf- 

tify or acquit himfelf by 

law, 
Jufticerie (de la), of the 

jujliciary, to the judges, 
Juftices, brought to jujlice, 

made to do jujlice. 



* The trial by ordeal was abolln-ied in our courts of jufticc in 
3 Hsn. III. b}' an order ofthekin^ iu council. 

Jufliciablcs, 



K A 

Jufticiables,j uftifable, juf- 
tifiable, jujiiciable, an- 
fwerable to, amefnahle, 
liable to be fummoned. 

Juftifie per ion ordinaire 
(ne voyle efte), will not 
be jujlified by his ordi- 
nary^ will not offer to 
obey and perform the fen- 
tence, 

Juftifiere (a), that jujlice 
may be executed, 

Juftifiers (a), to have 
judgement given, 

Juftifiez, regulated. 

JuftizementSjjufticements 
{hs), judgements. 

Jiivent (de la), from his 
youth. 

Juvaflen, rejoice. 

Juvcfneffe, youth* 

]uy, judgement; that is y of 
God; the vulgar pur- 
gation by fire or water, 

Juygner, Juig, Juyn, 

Juyl, July, 

Juzzer, fivear, 

Iz prion, they pray, 

KA, who, 
Kabal, a horfe, 
Kage, a cage, a place for 

confinement. 
Kalendrel (moys), a ca- 
lendar month, 
Kailez, Ch(.rksi 



K N 131 

Kan, kes je puis, as much 

as is in my power. 
Kardoil, Carlifle, 
Kare, for. 

Karrefme, Karifme, Lent. 
Kas (en), in cafe. 
Kafkun, every, 
Kafte, chafle, 
Kaunr, kanke, ke, what- 

foever. 
Ke fe li, that if the. 
Kee, ke, that. 
Kelm et Newur (entre), 

between Kelham and 

Newark. 
Kem alaft, that we muji 

Kenes, oaks, 

Kenteys (en), by the Kent- 
ifh law. 

Ker, a city. 

Kere (a), to procure, 

Keries, carried. 

Kernes, idleperfonSi vaga- 
bonds, 

Kerver, a carver i 

Keu, ko, a tail. 

Kens, thofe. 

Keynes, keins, afh-trets. 

Keynes (en couper de), 
in culling down timber. 

Keyns, kiens, keynz, oaks. 

Kideux, kiddles. 

Knol, kne, a hill. 

Knowr, knoppe d'or, a 
knob of gold, 
K 2 Knout 



132 L A 

Knout (roy), king Caftuie. 

Koke, a cook, 

Koungres, coungres, con- 
gers. ^ 

Ky, whicb^ whofe. 

Kydes, ycimg kids. 

Kynebanton (le manoir 
de), the manor of Kim- 
bolton, 

Lrer, to deliver. 
U^Syletteredykarn- 
ed. 

La, lac, lat, milk. 

La ou, la u, whereas. 

La que (fi), until that. 

La (fi), fo long. 

La V, la hu, where, 

Labeur, labour, work. 

Labor merted, the other 
moiety. 

Labourer (a\ to work, 

Lacaye, u lacquey. 

Laccat (fur), when the 
bargain was made. 

Laces, fnares. 

Laces (per), by door-falls, 

Lacharad (il), he bought 
ihnn. 

Laches, lafche (le plus), 
the mojl lazy^ cowardly, 
bafe^ or pitiful perfcn. 

Lacheflc, idlemfs, negli- 
gence. 

Lacs de feie, laces offilk. 

Lacy, there. 

Ladee:, diffjes. 



L A 

Ladell d'argent, a fllver 

ladle, 
Laet drap, broad-cloth; 
Lafferenr, they belong. 
Laganes, lageous, lagons, 

gallons. 
Lagette, a chefi, box. 
Lai, laie, hiw. 
Lai, laie, laye, a plaint, 

complaint. 
Laid, grievous. 
Laie (en), for the relief, 

eafe. 
Laie (de, aafieeir,/<7r af- 

feffing aids. 
Laid, lawful. 
Laieur, laiture, leur, 

breadth. 
Laillent, leave. 
Laine (que de la), il.\n 

if his own. 
Lain waidez, woaded-vjjol. 
Laingaige, language 
Laifant, idle^flothhl. 
Laifcantz arricrc, laying 

afide. 
Laifnes, wool 
Laifler (de"" , io tran.\;Lr, 
Laiffier, /; prevent^ omit, 

negh^'l- 
Laif2Mx->, neghfted. 
I auii'-iles, Lti'dt. 
l.:At, perfr:*. 

l.aituer. ftencr, erudition. 
Laiz^ Jue?, a legate. 
Lrtic , it^e hish. 

L'an 



L A - 

L*an apres Tan fi wit, after 

the year fued out. 
Lannde, Icnd^ ground. 
Landroit, again. 
Laners, lavers, idle,fiug- 

Lanes (dez), of ths laity. 
L^ngagiers, cihufive^fcur- 

rilous. 
Langc d'Engleterre (la), 

the iivgUJb nation, 
Lange dc la balance (la), 

the [/earn of the balance, 
Languc de Norm (en la), 

within the allegiance of 

Normandy ; in the Kcr- 

man language. 
Languyr, tc delay. 
Languy (de), to il- ait for. 
Lanns mannus, the lord of 

the ma'itor. 
Lanques, langes, tongues, 
Lanuz, woollen. 
Lanyers (pointz), leather 

points. 
Laoeure, breath. 
Laps de temps, lofs of 

time. 
Laq, lake. 

Larder (bone), good booty. 
Larder (pur), for plough- 
ing. 
Lar'-'vner, the officer in 

the king's houfehoUl who 

p-ef.ded over the larder. 
Lare-im, larceny. 
J..arae ouflcr, over mca- 

fure. 



LA 133 

Large (mettre), to let gt 
at large, 

Largeraent (plus), mcrt 
eafily, 

Largefle, largenefs, 

Larouns, thieves. 

Larroneux, thievifh, 

Lafcheik, negligence. 

Lafer, a leprous perfon, 

Lafier, to omit. 

Laffer (a), to leave. 

Laftels, hindrances, ^ops, 

Lafuz. left, 

Laton, laten, hrafs* 

Lature, breadth. 

Lattizj latii.e-work. 

Latere, the fide, 

Lavours, lavers. 

Lavours de la moneie, 
wafhers of the coin, 

Laues devauntditz (des), 
of the aforefaid places, 

Lauft, lawful. 

Laute, praife. 

Lay (a), to the law. 

Lay (en), in alley. 

Lay eft (q'a), which be- 
longs to him. 

Lay toy (er), on the faith, 

Layde, law, cuftom 

Layes (le=), the laity , lay- 
men. 

Laycs (les), the lackes, 

Laytne, ;';; the bux in- 
titled, 

Laynes, 'wool. 

Laynz, leans, therein. 
K 3 Lays, 



134 L E 

Lays, near, 

Laz de foie, a lace offtlk* 

Le, lee, large^ broad. 

Lea ou, whereas. 

Lea, pleafed^ willed. 

Lea, ley, pajiure ground. 

Leans, within ^ in this 
'place, 

Leafe, a leajh, 

Leafer (p), hy falfifying, 
leaftng, 

Leaure, leur, breath, 

Leaus, leaux, lawful^ liege 
-people^ alfc loyal. 

Leaument, lealment, law- 
fully^ jujily. loyally, 

Leaues (bailiffs de), wa- 
ter-bailiffs. 

Leaute, authenticknefs. 

Leaiite (de), of his lega- 
lityy of being redus in 
curia. 

Lea we, water, 

Lebardz, leopards^ lions, 

Lebre, lep, a hare 

Leccon >entendent la), at- 
tend the cleElion, 

Le6lee, milk. 

Lede, grievous. 

Lede f^u bele, fick or 
healthy, handfome or 
ugly. 

Ledtrnge, ledenges, da- 
mazed. 

Lcdfra, fball hurt. 

Ledcz, hurt, 

Lee, lazv. 



L E 

Lee, large. 

Lee dever (ferra), fhall be 

contented^ glad to have, 
Lee, leeuz, lead. 
Lees (juflices,) thejujlices. 
Lees (pur), by leafe. 
Lees, leez, a leafe ^ re- 

leaje. 
Lees, them. 

Lees, lieez, lee, pleafed. 
Lees, advice^ award, 
Leefce, leeche, joy. 
Leez (molt), very glad, 
Leez, obliged. 
Lcgcr {dt)^Jhortly. 
Leger (ne le creriez mie 

de), would not give him 

the leaf credit 
Legeremenr, flightly, ea- 

fily^ fhortly. 
Legerement fubverfion, 

fpeedy fubverfion. 
Legerment (rewle), a 

fianding rule. 
Legcrte de jaungle (de), 

from a levity of dif- 

CQvrfe. 
Leges fnrs (al), to the 

liege lords. 
Legier, brifk, light, 
Lcgier (de), eafily. 
Legs, miles. 
hcguvcm<^nt, flightly. 
Lei, to hi". 
Lcias, lazvful, 
Lcichcr, licher, to lick. 
Lcid, aid. 

Lcie 



L E 

Leie (la), the law. 
Leigne, line, 
Leigncs, wool. 
Leinynes, linen. 
Leins, king, afar off, 
Leinz (de), himfelf, 
L'eir, the heir. 
Leir (fil foit), if he can 

read. 
Leis, them. 
Leife, ready reads. 
Leife de dras, Uji of cloth ^ 

breadth of cloth. 
Leife, le'fTie, leifible, // 

fhall he lawful. 
Lei fir, leifer, patience^ lei- 

fure, 
Lei/Te (lei), omitted it, 
Leift, deliver. 
Leifure, reading, 
Leiuz, therein. 
Leiz, near. 
Leiz, Lewis. 
Lem doit (coment), how 

one ought. 
Lem foieit faire (fi come), 

as ufed to he done. 
Lendemain de la clufe de 

Pafque, the morrow af~ 

ter the clofe of Eajler. 
Lendemeyn, the morrow. 
Lenge, linen. 
Lenn, Lynn. 
Lenne, Lincoln. 
Lenor, the honor. 
J-,cnqua(lre, Lancajler. 



L E 135 

Lentz monet, the month 

of March, 
Lenz, there. 
Leoms Dieux, we praife 

God. 
Leoneys, Locneis (en), 

in Lotrjian, 
Leour, their. 
Leopertz, leopards^ lions. 
L'quelte (ou come), as 

any other. 
Lequelleque, whether. 
Le quen, which. 
Ler, their. 
Lerbe, the grafs. 
Lerce-honnd, a lurcher. 
Lernuemenr, the commen- 
dation. 
Leiont, they lie. 
Lerra, may leave. 
Lerra morir (fe), fhall 

die. 
Lerre, liare, a thief y aroh- 

her. 
Leriont (ne), will not fail 

doing. 
Les, laji. 
Lefchancement {■pwx),for 

the aggrandifing. 
Lelchewes, trees fallen by 

chancCy wind-falls. 
Lefcuverad, he mufl, he 

ought. 
Lefe, leave. 
Lefer, to hurt. 
Les gentz, lay people. 
K 4 Lefion, 



1^6 L E . 

Lefion, hurting^ wounding^ 
damage i injury ^ detri- 
ment, 
Leffa, lefle, leflee, omit- 
ted^ left, 
Leffacent (qil les), that 
they permit them. 

Leffe au bailie, kt to hail, 

LeTeiz (ne), do not omit, 

Leflent (les), leafe\ let 
them,, 

Lefler, to omit., leave, 
. LefTez, difappointed, 

LefTez, leflet, let go, omit. 

Leflifipms, would have 
left. 

Leflbet (ne luy), will 
not permit him, 

Leftcigne, tin, 

Lefue, lefuz, hurt., injur- 
ed. 

Lefwes, lefues, fafture- 
ground. 

Let, milk, 

Letanies, littanies, 

Letergetfle, Luggerfhall. 

Lettereure, lettur (d'ap- 
prendre), to levrn to 
read. 

Letra (la\ the letter, 

Ltrtre, bill. 

Lett ru re, literature, 

Letrure, letter. 

Letufe, let lit.', a little beajl 
refmblin^ tht ermine, of 
a iv'.'itijh grey cdour. 

Levannt dit, the aforefaid. 



L E 

Leve, leave, confent, 
Leve, rifen up., built ^ ere3r 

ed, caji up. 
Levee (la), the rijing, the 

infurredion 
Lever, to difplay, ere5l. 
Lever, to Jiir up, bring 

up again. 
Lever (a), to be levied. 
Lever (aprcs lur), after 

their rifing. 
Lever countre li, rife t§ 

him. 
Lever (pur), to relieve, 
Levere, levercrs, leurie- 
rers, leveriers, kvoiers, 
greyhounds, 
Leverer, a lurcher, a tum^ 

bier dog. 
Leverer (a un), at a drink- 
ing place. 
Leverez, liveries. 
Lcvours, thofe ivho levy 

any tax. 
Leu, leus, Ituft, lawful^ 
Leu ('e), the place. 
Leu, le(5t, lict, a bed. 
L*eucres, the increafe. 
Leuement, lawfully. 
Leues, leuis, ditches, 
Leuez, placed, 
Leukes (trois), thres 

leagues. 
Lcukts, lewkes, lewes, 

lenks, miles. 
Leur, Icure, breadth. 

Leure, 



L E 

Leure (a mcifmes)> at the 

fame time. 
Leures, hares, 
Leus (de), of thcfe, 
Leus, leulx (toz), all 

places. 
Leute, loyalty, 
Leuthien, Lothian. 
Leuve, leuvad, aforejl 
Leux, their. 
Leux, lawful. 
Lew, place. 
Lew (vers 1 1), towards the 

eaft. 
Lewe, read. 

Lewe gen:z, lawful men. 
Lewes, lewe, leuz, read. 
Lev (la), the river Lee. 
Ley court, lay court. 
Ley (faire la), to wage 

law. 
Ley, lea, pafure-ground. 
Ley (tuz), againji him. 
Leye (la), the law. 
Leyed,levde, heincus hurt, 

hurtful. 
Leynes, wool. 
Leyoins, leyns, therein y 

within. 
Leyr de la terre, from the 
foundation^ from the 
ground. 
Ley res dcz chivalers (cie 
la), of the wa^^s of the 
knights of the JJ:i"c. 
Levfc (en", in hre.idth. 
Ley fir, leifure. 



L I ^7 

Ljz, laws. 

Lez, the. 

Lcz, lieux, the)»i fhofe, 

Lez, nigh, near. 

Lez, glad. 

Lcze majeu, treafcn, 

Lezs. in length, 

Li. kis, they, the, to him, 

Li [de)^ from him. . 

Li ditz, the jaid. 

Li du uo\t, pound of troy 

weight, 
Li nffunt porveu, had pro- 

I'ided him. 
Lia, lie, lieuz, read, 

Liat, laii'ful. 

Liaux, lawful men, 

Liaz, liacz, bundles. 

Lib, lihe, life. 

Lib de terre, lilerata 
teme, 

Libard (ovec le touche del 
teaft de), with the touch 
of the leopard's head. 

Liberat,yr^^. 

Licetce, lazvfuL 

Lie he. liege. 

Licitemenc, lawfully, 

Ivicker, to lick. 

1 icours, liaucrs. 

Licl, left, licch, a bed. 

Lie, lief', lic-iicn, bound. 

Lie, pie a fed. 

Lie (de ]a), c^ the linciigc. 

lief, leof, rather. 

Liefgent hu ct cri, Irjy 
the hue c.iid cry. 

'Llcflodc, 



138 LI 

Lieflode, liflode, an efiate 
for life. 

Lieges, lieux, leagues, 
miles. 

Lieges, leagues, truces. 

Liens, lientz, therein; 
places, 

Lieppars, leopards, 

Lier, to alledge, 

Lier, to read. 

Liers, prifoners. 

Lies (queiix nefont), who 
are not put into the de- 
rennary. 

Lievent, levy. 

Lieves (per), hy miles. 

Lievies (de kur), of their 
heirs. 

Lieu, a wolf. 

Lieu pur), hy way of ex- 
ception. 

Lieu en ceo (aver), take 
hold cf that. 

Lieu re, a pound zveight, 

Lieure, leiure (le), the 
book. 

Lieu res (nvant ces), be- 
fore thefe times. 

Lieuy, them. 

Lieux (nullc de), none of 
the deputies, 

LicuXj bcyids. 

Lieuz, room. 

Liez, places. 

Lige, I'j^uie, hojid. 



L I 

Liges (fes), his liege fub- 

je6ls. 
LigefTe, legiance, 
Lighes, leagues. 
Ligialtie (la), the alle- 
giance. 
lAgVL^^fex. 
Ligne de pierrereries (un), 

a circle of ft ones. 
lignie, lin, lineage, race* 
Ligninies, tribes. 
Liment, ivajh, fit. 
Limiteers, limited. 
Linage, blood. 
Linaige de la mer (fur le), 

on the fea-coaf. 
Line biline, the collateral 

or bye-line. 
Line tie Sendale, linen of 

Cendal *. 
Lingc, a line. 
Linge reel, linen cloth. 
Linquer, to leave, 
Lingucs, tongues^ 
Lins, zvcol. 
Linure, lining, 
Lintheux, linthes, fhe^ts. 
Lio h\ 1, there. 
Liouns, lions. 
Lne (prefentce en), pr^- 

Jented in ivriting, 
Lirr, their. 
Lirreit mye (il ne), // 

vjould not be lawful* 
Lilre, to be read. 



See Da Frtfue, Cendalum. 



Lifl:, 



L I 

Lift, life, lifible, lawful 
Litere, littour (de), litter. 
Lie morant, death bed, 
Lith (al), to the bed, 
Littime, lawful. 
Live, livery, or delivery. 
Livelode, livelihood. 
Livere (a la), to the deli- 
very, or livery* 
Livere (et vous), and you 

deliver it. 
Livere (fon), his livery 

(for a fervant,) 
Liver e foun (potius, li- 

verefoun), a -prebend, 

a fervice *. 
Livcrce, pound. 
Liverer luys, to deliver up, 

furrender. 
Liverees, liverefons, li~ 

verys. 
Live res, liveries, ajfign- 

ments. 
Livercs de terre, liberata 

terr^e. 
Liveriad, deliver, offer. 
Live roup, the per] on who 

delivered. 
Livers, hare^. 
Liverfe, deliverance, 
Li V fees, livres, 
Liu, book. 
Liu, pace. 
Liu, bound. 

■^ Sec- Hy:ey PI. P^rl. 14 Edw. II. p. 41 
that } ear. 

t 'y\L Rot. l\r\. vol. I. p. 2-c. Pet. 
Hiilc-. xMS. 



L O 139 

Liu faire prendre (de), 
to caufe him to be taken. 

Liu eft grante, is granted 
to him. 

Liu (pres de), near him, 
about him. 

Liu re, pound. 

Liuree (de foureez), fuT' 
red zvith hairfurr* 

Loar, their. 

Loaumes, we allow. 

Locil (potius, loeil) fur 
(pour avoir), to have an 
eye over. 

Loco ice, bribe -f. 

Lo6lenant, lieutenant, 

Lod i s, blith, jocund. 

Loe (jeo vous), / recom- 
mend it to you. 

Loement, judgement, opi-' 
nion, decijion. 

Loer, to commend, praife. 

Loer, leezvard. 

Loer enibit fmelius, loez 
en loi!) notre Scignur, 
nous <umes (coir.cj, as 
praifed be God, zie are. 

Locys, hcvois. 

Lof tes, forjter child. 

Loid, thanked. 

I Ola I, lavuful, true. 

Loial avycr 
advic:. 



legal 



caufe. 



a:id Par!. Rolls of 
:• Potius I.T.viic. 

Loians. 



140 L O 

Loians, hired. 
Loiaftes, permitted. 
Loie, commertdj approve, 
Loiens, bonds, 
Loient (qe), who ivajh, 
Loier, lover, loiuer, fee, 

reward; farm, 
Loiez foit Dieu, God be 

praifed. 
Lointaignes, remote, 
Loifible, lawful, 
Lomez (les), the looms, 
Longamenr, lone tens, a 

long time. 
Longay ne, a houfe of office, 
Longein, long^ a long time. 
Longement (tant), as long 

as. 
Longteyne, longetifme 

pays (en), in a foreign, 

dijiant country. 
Longue {^\us), farther, 
Longue (a la), at length. 
Looms (nous vous), we 

commend you. 
Looms, loaumes, we 

grant. 
Loos, advice, reward^ re- 
futation. 
Lor, them. 
Lor, lower, hire, reward, 

bribe. 
Lor (envers Ics), towards 

their men. 
Lors, th-ir^ then. 
Los, lois, loz, prnlfe. 

* Vid. Rot. IV.!. vol. 11. p. 7 



L O 

Lofe chart (en con), in a 
loofe paper, 

Lofereynt (ne), dared not, 

Loture de money (le), the 
wafhing of money. 

Lotux, fuckles. 

Lou, place, 

Lou, lieu, wolf, 

Loueez, hired, 

Louis, far. 

Lour (a meifme), at the 
fame time. 

Lour (e la), and of their 
own. 

Lour (de), of their goods, 

Loure, them, themfelves. 

Lourgulary, lourderie, in- 
humanity, or any vil- 
lainous aEl. 

Lous (dod:our en), doEior 
in laws. 

Lous, the, them. 

Loulement (iriney), much 
to the furprife *. 

I.ouy (du), of it. 

Louz, ejtimated, valued, 

Lovage, hiring, loan. 

Love, rewarded. 

Lovers, rewards. 

Lowage, poffefjion. 

Lowance, lowange, a hir- 
ing. 

Lowe (pur), to retain, to 
hire. 

Lower {'^\ix), for gain, for 
maintenance. 

\>(:X. 23. Potiui Tiivcyleufement. 

Lower, 



1 tf 

Lower, luer, lowir, a re- 
wardifeei hribe^ wages ^ 

Lowere (pur), to work, 

Lowis, Loys, Lewis, 

Loy (de), of allay. 

Loyer, to awards advife. 

Loyer, reward^ fervice. 

Loys, lois, los, praife, 
glory, 

Loyfe. lawful. 

Loyfomus, let us reji. 

Loynteins Vieires, remote, 
collateral heirs. 

Loyncenus gentz, people 
who live afar off, 

LoyndniC degree, a re- 
mote collateral degree, 

Loz, praife, 

Lu, the. 

Lu, theirs. 

Lu, place. 

Lu, lue, leu, light* 

Lude, play, 

Lue, he, them. 

Luer, reward. 

Luer raiionable, reafonahle 
price. 

Lues, miles. 

Lues, lus, luwe, luez, 
read. 

Lui Rois, the king, 

Lui feaus, their Teals. 
Lui, luis (feon), jis place. 

Lui (en qui), ;;; whatfo- 
ever pla e. 

Luic, a l.a^ue. 
Luire, to jhine. 



L Y 141 

Luift, lawful. 

Luites de point in point, 

read article by article, 
Lutr, a man, any one, 
Lumble, navel, 
Lumere, light, 
Lunc dei, long or middle 

finger, 
Lundr' (a), at "London. 
Luner (jour), the hnar 

day. 
Lung, the one. 
Lungement, lungge, long. 
Lure, lur, lurr, lu, them^ 

their, theirs, 
Luri, an otter, 
Lus, places. 
Lus, read. 
Lus, lius, tenanz, lieuH- 

narits. 
Lufe, luce efl, the ufe is, 
Lufe, playing cards. 
Lute (a !a), at awrejlling. 
Luy (le), the place. 
Luy, it. 
Luy, them. 
Luz, places, 
Ly, li, hi'.n, 
Lv, law. 

Lyance, alkgiance. 
Ly ann jour done fen), 

and have gii>cn him a 

dav. 
Lyaz, files, hundlef. 
Lye, read. 

Lye, merry, chcarfid. 
Lye elles^ you an bound. 
Lyegc, 



142 



M A 



Lyege, liege fuhje 51 s, 

L5^ens, therein. 

Lyer, to bind, 

Lyer (de), to alkdge. 

Lyer (autrement), in any 
other manner fix. 

Lyereit bien, wculdfuffi- 
ciently bind. 

Lyeur, a brook, 

Lym, lime. 

Lymite, limits. 

Lymitours, limitours, li- 
mits. 

Lynge tayl, fringed linen. 

Lyfa bien, read ivelL 

Lyfe, \yQ.ylaivful, 

Lyt, bed ; licence, let. 

Lyu, place, 

fojne. 
5 Mces, -wares. 

Y-me, houfe. 

Metz, befi. 

Mefch', mi/chief, 

MKs, marcs. 

Mr, mra, Jballjhew, 

Mre, Jhew. 

Mre, majler, 

Ms, fame. 

Mac, fon, 

Mact^grefs, fiflomongers, 
•who buy and fell fiolen 
fiefh^ knowing the fame 
to be ft 1 en. 

MaCL'l, a butcher. 



M A 

Macheniaes, mathemati- 
ciens, perfons who pre- 
tend to difcover fecrets 
by the pofition and mo- 
tion of the fiars. 'Thofe 
who profeffed this art 
were commonly called 
mathematici, drawers 
of fchemes and calcula- 
tions J under which name 
they are condemned in 
both the codes *, and 
they were infamous ^ not 
only under the Chrifiian 
adminijlration, but alfo 
under the eld Romans. 

Macheronerie, mafonry. 

Maderez (draps), clotb 
maddered. 

Madlard (un), a drake. 

Madle (heir), heir male, 

Maein le roy, hands of the 
king. 

Mael, an halfpenny. 

Maenerefle, a mediatrix ; 
a judge. 

Maere, mother. 

Maefter, 7naftcr, 

Maeur, a mayor. 

MafFait (null), no mif" 
chief. 

Magnies, maifnies, mef- 
n'le, family, houfehold, re* 
tinue. 



* Cod. Theod. 1. 9, tk. 16. Cod. Juft. 1. 9. tit. 18. 

Magre, 



M A . 

Magre, maugre, in defpite 

of, againfi. 
Mahemes, mahaigne, ma- 

hayn, maimed, 
Mahcreme, timber. 
Mahi, Mahie, Matthew. 
Mahom, Mahomet. 
Maide (fi Dieu), fo help 

me, God. 
>Maige Q^^^gQ), a judge 

who prejides over a fub- 

altern jurijdi^fion. 
Magefte (la), the Trinity, 
Maign, great. 
Maignee devant, brought 

before. 
Maignenc, live, dwell. 
Majeure, major. 
Mail, maylle, an half- 

penny, 
Maimement, efpecially. 
Main, in the morning, 
Main-a-main, immediately. 
Mainables, amenable, dif- 

trainable, 
Mai n bu rn ie, guardianfljlp 

or government, 
Maincraftes, handicrafts. 
Maindres, mains, fmall, 

lefs. 
Maine en gule (d'), from 

hand to mouth. 
Maine (come fa), as part 

of his houfehold. 
Maine (a ioy defedre p 

fa), to wage battle. 
Mainor (le), the tenancy, 

the occupation. 



M A 143 

Mainorablc, meinorable, 

manurable, tenable, de- 

mifeable, lying in tenure. 
Main oeuie, meinoure, 

meynoure (a), with the 

manor. 
Mainour (la), the work, 

the repairing. 
Mainoverer, to manure, 
Mainpes, mainprifed. 
Mains (per que) quecun- 

que il vient, howfoever 

it came to pafs. 
Mains (a tot le), with all 

the hands, viz. chaplains 

and Jinging-men. 
Mains (jureront en noz), 

Jhall fzvear in our pre- 

fence. 
Mains vraie, vntrue, 
Maint, much, many. 
Maincenant, prefently. 
Maintes fois, many times. 
Maintion, mention. 
Maintz, maints, lefs. 
Mainuelx mefticrs, ma- 

7iual occupations. 
Mainy (ma), my family. 
Mair, mayor. 
M:^irc, mother. 
Mnire (a), to marry. 
Mairiaux, material. 
Maifne, younger. 
Maiine (lor), their faniVy . 
Maifoner, to buihi., repair. 
Mai 11: Diex, 'pkofe God. 
Mailte, m:^cfly^ 

Miiflrcz, 



144 M A 

Maiftrez, majlers. 
•Maiftrie, managemint^ in- 

ftuence^ povjer, dominion* 
Maite, moiety. 
Makement, cdntrivance* 
Mai, maletts, malies, bags. 
Mai (a) tort tiendroit lieu, 

with much kfs propriety 

^vould it lie. 
Mai (de) ou pyz, worfe 

and ivorje. 
Mai paiez, dijfalisfied. 
Mai voillancc, malvpul- 

lantz (^), through ill 

will. 
Maladif, maledif, ^ckly, 

fick^ affli5ied. 
Maid, Matilda. 
Maldifpoufee (molt), much 

indifpofed. 
Male (la), the mail, the 

portmanteau. 
Male tout^, entirely bad, 

good for nothing. 
MaleJe (muk a)^ very un- 

eafy. 
Malets, cloakhags. 
Mai fez, wicked, evil. 
Malmencz , malmeine, 

evilly kept. 
Malney, n^alve}^ gui^tv of 

a mifdemeanor., coi.'u- 
n.acioiis. 
Malrais, evil. 
Makalrnt, ira'talenz,/^//^, 
indignation^ rancour. 



. M A 

Malveilles,malv€ifnes,«»^ 

aemeanours, 
Malveift, malves, mal- 

vois, evily an offence, 
Malurez, Coes, evil./edi' 

tious commoners. 
Malx, mals (ifllie), iffke 

male. 
Man, a Norman, 
A'lanablement eiflille (per)^ 

perpetual banijhment. 
Manantz, manans, refi- 

dent. 
Manas (brefe de), writ of 

mainprise. 
Manalbrs, pledges, main- 
pernors. 
Manadlibles, threatening, 

menacing. 
Manannts genz (bon), 

houjekeepers of credit. 
Manche (que vous n'au- 

rez), that you vuill never 

fail. 
M.nconages, manfion- 

houfes. 
Mc^ndafTent (qils), that 

they j end. 
Mandc, commanded. 
Mande (en tien), in fuch 

manner. 
Mandementz, writs of 

mandamus. 
Mandez, font. 
Mandiens, beggars, 
hT and lent, curfe. 
Mdndiflkns, commanded. 
I Mandfft 



M A 

Mandre (a), to amend. 
Maneceantz, threatening. 
Maner, manoyre, a manor. 
Maneer (vey le) potius, 
vey le maneer, will 
bring ^. 
Mancires, maners, ma- 

nies, maners, manors, 
Manere (la), the cufiom* 
Maneys (en la), in the 

hands. 

Manger (fans repris de), 

without giving any 

wages. 

Mangerie (tienge), keeps 

a table for his retainers. 

Manguay (je ne), / did 

not omit. 
Manguement, faulty Jlip. 
Mangeries (a), in the kit- 
chen, at the table. 
Maniere forlque (en), in 

manner but. 
Maniple, handful.' 
Manique, a mcdman. 
Manning, a day's ivork. 
Manors, manors. 
Manonr (ove), with the 
mainour, with the goods 
in their hands. 
Mans (les), the evils. 
Manfe, a farm. 
Manfes. hides of land. 
Mante, he commands, 
iMan tinge, maintain. 



M A 145 

Manueftcr, to filch y to 

thieve, 
Manulx, manual. 
Manure, occupy, 
ManulTer, manaflier, 

threatened. 
Manyee, handled, under 

conjideration. 
Manyemens, management, 

conduEi, adminiftration. 
Mappe, a cloth, a tahle^ 

cloth, 
Maras, mares, marche, 

marreys, maries, marys, 

marfh-ground. 
Maratlre, mother-in-law. 
Marces (fe fount), have 

fettled themf elves. 
March (dc viii), at eight 

marks. 
Marche, marchie (le), the 

market price. 
Marchande (ville), mar- 

ket-town. 
Marchanr, (nul alleve), 

ne prive, 710 vMrchant, 

fir anger y or domeflic. 
Marche, territory, neigh- 
bourhood. 
MarcIiC (a), to market. 
Marchees de terre (ico), 

land valued at 100 

marks a year. 
Marchent, adjoin to, are 

bouudtd by. 



* yid. Ror. P-1. vo!. I. p. 10. pet. 45. Fodus r.nvV. Hale's MS. 



146 M A 

Marches (par les), in the 

market towns. 
Marches, marches, fron- 
tier cities or towns be- 
tweenEnglandandlValeSy 
England and Scotland* 
Marches, marks. 
Marchefche, the feaji of 
the Annunciationy cele- 
brated in March, 
Marc his, marquis. 
MarchifTans (font), are 

bordering. 
Marcier, to pay. 
Marcolfe (en la chambre), 
the triers of petitions in 
parliament for foreign 
parts tifed to Jit in this 
chamber. 
XX 1. marcz, 20,ooomarks, 
Mare (de toute), of all 

manner. 
Mareanz, maronniers, ma- 
riners. 
Alarenne, land bordering 

on the fea. 
Marcfcliall, marjhal. 
Marefchaucie, Marfhalfea. 
Marefchcs, grain fovsn in 

March^ fpring- corn. 
Mariages, marriage for-- 

tion. 
Mariage (a Ton), for her 

marriage portion. 
Marge ries, marquifetts. 
Mariole, the ii:iagc cf the 

virgin Mcry. 
Marline (lo;/), ui,rrii:c laiv. 
Llarkailcnr, 7:iay: ::.!. 



. M A 

Maritlfmes (charbons), 

fea-coals. 
Marlers, marl-pits. 
Marrie (del), of the huf- 

band, 
Marriglier, merriglier, 
maruglies, marguelier, 
a church-wardeny a fa- 
criflan, or fexton. 
MzYTiSi furprifed, concern- 
ed. 
Marroch (Streites de). 
Straights cf Morocco or 
Gibraltar. 
Mars (deux), two marks. 
Martens, hammers. 
Marteror, the feaji of all 

faints. 
Marthied in ret (al), at 

the king's market. 
Martirizer, martyred. 
Martrons (furres de), furr 

of 7)1 ar tern or marten. 
Marvels J evil. 
Mary er ciJK-iix (a lolal), 
for her lazvful hujhand 
and fpoufe. 
Mas, but. 
Tvlafc (lergcnt '^.'■t),feyjeant 

at the m.HC. 
Ivlalcr, niazer (un}, a cup 



or gr.Oi^t. 



Malt" re, entries, P'-ffagas, 

ivalks^ grcunds. 



Mafle 'ic), 



mai 



Ma!"!^;!!.,.-, to pg majs. 






Mat, 



M A 

Mat, afooU a fit. 

Mac Xtythe chagrin yconcern. 

Mate, Matilda. 

Maten, morning. 

Mater, matter^ hufinefs. 

Mater (font), are the 
means, are contrived. 

Materiells peches^ tempo- 
ral offences. 

Matta, placed. 

Mattire, matirez, matter, 

Mavaftiers, wicked doers. 

Mauclerk, ignorant^ un- 
learned. 

Mauclum (roy), king 
Malccn. 

Mauduit, /// conditioned. 

Mauveifte,mauvefte,mau- 
vaifte, mauveys, ma- 
voite, offence. 

Maufeteur, offender. 

Maufcz, demons. 

Mauls, mifchief. 

Maumenes, ill-treated. 

Maumis, maimed. 

Maunches reveries (fes), 
his Jleves turned back. 

Maundatl,/i'?/i. 

Maundablc, to he dj-eHcd. 

Maunder, to ccinmand. 

A lau nae, /// trcdtcd. 

Maupitcux, inexorable. 

Maures, a lyar. 

A'lauriot ja mellier (il ne), 
there •i^oidd he no ccca- 
fion for inc. 

Maufbaret'/, evil ccntcn- 
iicnSy ill grounded fuits. 



M A 147 

Maufeflieure (pur), for 

avoiding it. 
Mavys, mavos, evil. 
Mayaouft, the middle of 

Augufi, the affumption* 
Maydeneftan, Maidfion, 
Mayen (par), by means. 
Maylee de pain, a half" 

penny worth of bread. 
Maylcs, halfpence. 
Mayn de eftre, right-hand. 
Mayn (de) en auter, lay- 
ing oar hands on the 

altar. 
Mayn:iuntie^man/i on-houfe. 
Mayne(lay, the mailer and 

mariners of a fjip. 
Mayneall, in company 

loith. 
Mayncrenr, maimed. 
Maynes, (de) a mayns, at 

leajl. 
Mayneur, mainour, may- 

noeure, work. 
Mavnpalt, meynpaft, 

houjehddy family , de- 

■pcndance. 
Jslayns valaynt, of theleaft 

"caliic. 
M:iyns, r.iatins^ 
jM ;\ ntz demonllrantz, 

i:]Liiiy remonf&ances. 
'hh.yor, greater. 
]Maz, il mnfl. 
>>laztr (hanap de), a bcjjl 

made of maxrr. 
Mcanc, ?niddle, 

L 2 Meane 



1+8 ME 

Meane (en le), in the wan- 
ner. 
Mcar, fea. 

Meas, hut. 

Meafon, room. 

Meafons, nitches, 

Meaur droit, meer right. 

MeauX, mere-, heft. 

Mecogncues, unknown. 

Mecreance, fufpicion. 

Medez en execution, put 
into execution. 

Mectre, to expend. 

Med fee, a reward, a bribe. 

Mediate (per le), by the 
mediation. 

Mcdiffe manere (par), in 
the fame manner. 

Medle, mixed, compound- 
ed. 

Medlefe, medle, an affray, 
difturhance. 

Medlure de pechc (par), 
by blending offences. 

Medlure (pur la), on ac- 
count of the mixing. 

Ivlcdoine, the river Med- 
nsjay. 

Mcdu temps (en le), in 
the mean tine. 

Mee (ne a), has not. 

Meel, honey. 

Meement, mecfmcment, 
fiamely, efpecially. 

Meement, merrily. 

Meen am^', >^ ;;;.'J:Av 



M E 

Meen (come), as a me* 

diator. 
Meener, to produce. 
Meenerefle, mediatrix. 
Meenner, an arbitrator', 

mediator. 
Mcer (hors de), beyond 

fea. 
Mees, moved; mediators, 
Mees, meefe, mefs. 
Mees (des), of meat. 
Meev^nent, difiurbance, 

commotion. 
Mefec, offence. 
Meffet, mifdo7ie. 
Meffere, to do mifchief, 
Megme (la)^ the fame. 
Megnes, brought. 
Meheynee (leva la), raifei 

the hue and cry. 
Alciere, mother. 
Mcignal, meynal, menial, 
Mcignee, meime, meiny, 

faniily, houfehold, com- 

pany. 
Meigtc breve (ii: ad), there 

is many a ivrit. 
Mcilles, "heft, greateft. 
Mcillour, mnlier. 
Meiltz, the letter. 
Mcin, han:\, 

Mcin, nvt?r.. mines, mine. 
Mc i 11 ;j 1 X , '/.■ • -ffengers. 
ivlrjindic :i:^e (la), infancy^ 

{be ''i:P jrity. 
Mrinere ait ion (de nul), 

; '1 a,y inferior ccJion, 

Mein.es, 



M E 

Meines, inferior perfons, 
Meincs fages, indifcreet, 

illiterate perfons, 
Meines, nor. 
Meinez, many. 
Meingtenuz, maintained, 

ajjipd. 
Meinoure, meynours, with 

the manor. 
Meire, mayor. 
Meins q, lefs than^ under. 
Meins, meindre, lefs, 
Meins (a tote Ic), at the 

leaft. 
Meins bone difcretion, in- 

difcretion. 
Meins de bien meignent, 

bring fewer gaods. 
Meins (al), into the hands, 
M^ins, meien (iauntz), 

without mefne. 
Meins mifes fur feintz, 

laying our hands on the 

go f pels. 
Meinit (le), the lead. 
Meint, meine, dwells, re- 

fides. 
Meintenant, then, pre- 

fently. 
Meintenems, V/iciintain. 
Meinc manera, ;iiauy Wi^.ys. 
Meintroms, will maintain. 
jVIeinure (la), the work. 
Meinz chofes, thtngs of 

fumll 'value. 
JVkircient, buy ciKd fell. 
Mcis, inore. 



M E 149 

Meis, a month, 
Meifan, houfe, 
Meifent, put, 
Meifme, fame, the fame, 

himfelf 
Meifement, in like man- 
ner. 
Meifnee, meine, houfehold, 

family, 
MeifTent en refpit, Jhould 

be refpited. 
Me'iiYom, Jhould bejlow. 
Meiffoins avant, produce. 
MeifToins (que nous), that 

we Jhould put. 
Mcifl, meite,/>r</, contain- 
ed in. 
Me id, need, 
Meiiler (q'il a), that it is 

neceffary, 
Meiftr, meifters, meftre, 

majler. 
Meiftrie, majlerjhip, ma- 

gijlracy. 
Meiftrie, v.ecejfary. 
Meiftymours dc qnerell, 

maintainers of auarrels, 

difputes, flits. 
Meiier, meictre, to put, 

place. 
Mcleour, better. 
IVJcliealx, melx, bejl, 
Melle, hc7iey. 
Mclle, an affray, 
Melle (le) de la rente, 

meddle with the fale. 
L 3 Mcll^r 



15© M fi 

Meller (a), to bknd^ mix, 
interfere in, to interpofe, 
Mellez (ne fe devient), 
ought not to intermeddle 
in it. 
Mellieu, middle. 
Melz, mekz, better, 
Membres (per prendre), 

by caption of goods. 
Men, my. 

Men temps, mean time. 
Men (en), in ajiaie of in- 

Janity. 
Menable, amefnable, 

broivijot^ induced. 
Menageoers, farmers^ hiif- 

bandmen. 
Men ant, dwelling, refid- 

ing. 
Menafiables (ne), not to 

be menaced. 
Menafient, menaftez (lui), 

lead him. 
Menauntife, a fettled con- 
cern , a place of reji- 
dence. 
Mcnbra, remer'iler. 
Mende (la), amends, fa- 

tisfaSiicn. 
Mend' proverelt, fhculd 

make the heft prccf. 
Mendinantz, Oicndians, 

beggars. 
Mend re, Icaft. 
Mencires, lefs, 
Mene gentz (de Ic;,), of 
the middling pecpk. 



M e 

Mene judgement (fans), 
without mefne judge- 
ment. 
Mene pris, at a low price. 
Menec a f , brought to an- 

fwer. 
Menee, mene (la), the hue 

and cry. 
Menenges, houfehold, de- 
pendants, menial fer- 
vants. 
Mener, to manage, conduSf. 
Mencs, menees, brought^ 

treated. 
Meneftralcie (par colour 
de), under pretence of 
being a minftrel. 
Mcngier (de), from eat- 
ing. 
Meni, menuz dyn^^s, 

fmall tythes. 
Meniez, made. 
Menir, to bring. 
Menis (et volons ja le), 

and IV e zvill alfo. 
Meniftres, minijlers, of- 
ficers. 
Menne, mene, mencs peo- 
ple, inferior people. 
Mennes, lefs, ftnall. 
Mennes pcches, fmall of- 
fences. 
Mennes kcynes, fmall 

oaks. 
Menour, manager. 
Menour (frcre), Jriars mi- 
ncrs. 

Men re, 



M E 

Menre, brought in^ drove in. 
Menront (les), will con- 

du5i them. 
Menfoynes, lies, 
Menfure, meafure, 
Ment, much, 
Mente, mint. 
Mentineez, maintenance. 
Mentiner, mention. 
Mentir, to lie, to fay what 

is falfe. 
Mentor, menter, a lyar, 
Mentre (foy), breach of 

faith. 
Menty, mentu, have lied, 

faid what is falfe. 
Mentz, a mentz, for the 

beji. 
Mentz (lour), their beJl. 
Menues bailiifes, inferior 

bailiffs. 
Menure, remain. 
Menuz chofes, fmall 

things. 
Meour droit, the better 

right. 
Meofifme (foi) de archer, 

went a fhooting. 
Mer/meer bank, the fea- 

fhore. 
Mer (de la) d'Efcoce, the 

marches of Scotland. 
Merce, meer, mercy ygr ace. 
Mercez, wares. 
Merchal, mar/hall. 
Merche del merche, mark- 
ed with the mark or 

Jiamj), 



M E 151 

Merchez, markets, 
Merchie des vivres, the 
rate or market price of 

■ visuals. 

Merchiez, ftgned. 

Merci (fur), upon favour, 

Mercia, merchia, thank- 
ed. 

Mere, mature. 

Mere, <?«/y, abfolute, 

Meri et mifti (jurifdic- 
x\on^)^jurifdi£lions mere 
and mixed. 

Merifoie, maerifme, mer- 
mi, timber, 

Meritorie, meritorious. 

Merk, merches lettres, 
letters of marque. 

Merkedy, Merdie, Mcf- 
curedi, Wednefday, 

Merrour, a Icoking-glafs. 

Mers, marjhes. 

Mers, mercz, wares, 

Mers (la), the mercy, 

Merted, moiety. 

Mertlage, mart-urology, 

Merture (de ce), of this 
matter. 

Meruft, caufeth^ occafions. 

Merym, merime, merin, 
merrien, meriime, mae- 
* rifme, mermi, timber, 

"^lerz, amerciaments ; 7ner- 
chandize. 

Mes, month. 

Mes, but, from thence- 
forth, afterzvards, fill, 

h 4 again. 



J52 M E 

again, no longer, no 
inore, alfo, us, we, 

Mes (a toutz jour), for 
ever after. 

Mes ja, but yet, never the- 
lefs. 

Mes que per, but only by. 

Mes ficome eft conteyne, 
than is contained. 

Mes fil voit ferver, but 
whether it will ferve, 

Mes que (que), that as 
foon as, 

Mes (pur), out of mi f chief . 

Mes avegne, evil, misfor- 
tune happens, befalls. 

Mifceient, mefcent, inter- 
mix. 

Mefch, mifchitf, misfor- 
tune. 

Mefces ortieux, the mid- 
dle toes. 

Mefcez, acciife, 

Mefchet (fi il), if he mif- 
carries. 

Mefconnuflant, ignorant, 

Mefcreables gemz, perfons 
not to be believed. 

Mefcreauntz, mifcreants, 
infidels, unbelievers, he- 
retics. 

y[t{cr\:iz,fufpe^ed, guilty. 

Mefcufle, excufe. 

Mefcafe, trouble, misfor- 
tune. 

Mefcl, mefeal, mefiau^ a 
leper. 



M E 

Mes entendetz(vous),^<?« 

mifunderjiand, 
Mefeaux deges, leprous 

perfons, 
Mefeife de cuer (a), uneafy 

in our mind. 
Mes fere, mifdeed, 
Mesfefours, criminals, ' 
Mefiuil, meiuil, a meffuage, 

a houfe. 
Me fire, monfieur, 
Mefkerdy, fVednefday. 
Mefmes, himfelf, 
Melh en repons, put t» 

anfwer. 
Me In age, of the houfehold. 
Mcfnam (le), took him, 

led him away. 
Meihaunce, bringing in. 
Mefnauntes, bringing. 
Mefnc (a la), in the mid- 
dle. 
Mefne (le court fera), the 

court fball be adjourned. 
Mefnee, mefnie, meyne, 

family. 
Mffnee (ee de fa), to he 

within his jurifdi5lion. 
Meinecs, managed. 
Mefner icroic (qant), when 

it fhould come in ojief- 

tion. 
Mefnes Cpar diverfes), by 

diveife ?neans. 
Mefnier, a public cry er. 
Mefnours, leaders, con- 

duciors. 

Mefnours 



M E 

Mefnours des querelx, 

bearers of quarrels, 
Mefoing, negligence. 
Mefon, a houfe, 
Mefonage, houfe -room, 

wareboufe-room* 
Mefprendre, to mifhehave^ 

cfendy mifir.ke. 
MelprefTure, offence y mif- 

condu£i. 
Mefpriorai (de ceo), of 

this I will exculpate my- 

Melpris, offended^ done 
amifs. 

Mefprifon, mifprifion. 

Meis, mafs. 

Meflage, a mcffenger, one 
retained in the fer-vice of 
another y a dependant. 

Mefragerie (par colour 
de), under pretence cf 
being a meffenger. 

Meflages, an arnhaffador, 
a nuncio. 

Mefieirt", evil intreat. 

Mefleles, middle; difcafed. 

MeflTeles (dens), the cheek- 
teeth. 

Mcller, mclToiir, an officer 
in a manor ^ who had the 
overlooking and care of 
the fields in the time of 
harvejl, and for zvhich 
hi uas intitledto certain 
profits. 

Jv'kfTcMie, fignorvy dcmi- 
nioii. 



M E 155 

Meflilerie, a lazaretto^ aH 
hofpitalfor lepers. 

Meliirc, my lord. 

Mefiire vos garde, tht 
Lord preferve you. 

Meflbins, had a mind* 

Meflbinges, lyes. 

Menfoir, but had he been, 

Meffures, meafures^ termsk 

Mefter (haut}, grand m af- 
ter. 

Melter de counter (le), 
the fcience of pleading. 

Metier Ibic (fi), if there hi 
occafwn. 

Meftier (le), the hufinefsy 
trade, occupation. 

Meftre, myfiery. 

Me(trc, be committed. 

Meftres, mafters, client's. 

Aleftrier, to get the mof- 
tery, dominion. 

Mefuenges (lour), their 
houfehold, dependants. 

Mefurable, reafonablcy mo- 
derate., proportionate. 

Mefurable manner (en)> 
in a proportionable man- 
ner. 

Mefurage (pur \^)yfGr the 
meafure. 

Mefure terre, land con- 
taining about forty ox 
gangs. 

Melure Me), the terms. 

Mefure (preigne), be mo- 
derate. 

Mefure 



154 M E 

Mefare rafe, rafen (par), 

by a tneafure Jirichn, 
Mefurer, to mow. 
Met, to put, 
Met, puts. 
Met a confeil, afied the 

advice of. 
Metable a mainprize, to 

be let to mainprize^ 

'mainpernable, 
Metere (de), to place, af- 

fign^ to pit, 
Mctir, offers. 
Metre, to -pledge. 
Metre (Ic), majler. 
Mette peyne (ne), let them 

/pare no pains, 
Metces, bounds, 
Mettes (faux), falfe mea- 

fures, 
Mettid, charges. 
Metiier, the moiety, 
Mettive, harvejl-time. 
Mettre (a), to jet, fix, 
Mever (e), to move, 
Meves, moved. 
Meu, mens, commencedt 

moved., induced. 
Meuchz, meuth, meulx, 

piieux, meuz, meutz, 

mcultz, better. 
Meult (femble pur le), it 

feems be ft. 
Meulz vaues, mojl fub- 

Janlial. 
Meur, nicour droit, ^^'/<fr, 

beji right. 



M E 

Meures, mature^ ripe^ 
Jieady. 

Meurra (les), foall mujler 
them. 

Meurilfon, maturity. 

Meurte, maturity, wifdom, 

• Mcufengs, ihofe- of his 

family, his dependants, 
. Meufmes (nous), we mov- 
ed. 

McuScnt, fiirred up. 

Meut, a kennel. 

Meuth (I vient), it is bet- 
ter ; beJl. 

Meuz, many. 

Meymes (de), of the fame. 

Meyn (par le), by the 
hand. 

Meyn (la pleyne), the 
handful, 

Meyn (a fa foule), on his 
own fmgle oath. 

Meyn (avaunt), before 
hand. 

Meyn (du), of my own. 

Meyn en meyn (dt),from 
hand to hand. 

Meyn le temp (en), in the 
mean time, at the fame 
time. 

Meyn ove, work, labour-, 
ufed, 

Meyn (fans), without 
mcfnc. 

Mcvnal, menial. 

Meyncc damage (au), do- 
ing as little damage as 
pcfjlble. Meyn- 



Mfi 

Meyndre, lefs, 

Meyne, meyney, a boufe^ 

hold^ family. 
Meyne (lur volunte de), 

their own wHL 
MeynpafteSj houfehold, fa- 
mily ^ dependance* 
Meyn pris, let to main- 
prize. 
Meyns avyfement maun- 

de, ill advifedly fent. 
Meyn fachanrz, the im- 

zvary^ the illiterate, 
Meyns remembrantz, not 

fuffciently mi'tidful. 
Meyns (outre), out of her 

hands. 
Meyns (entre;, in hand. 
Meyns niies (a), their 

hands bare. 
Meyns (en), under the pro- 

tCLiicn. 
Meyns foit prifc (au), be 
lefs effethidlly inquired 
into. 
Meyns, lefs. 
Meyns (au), at leaf. 
Me\'nt, meint, d-wells. 
Meynt arefteant,' njt-j:ith- 

fianding. 
Mevnte foitz, then, at the 

fame time. 
Meyntenant, immediately, 

p-efently. 
Mcyr.::enr, maintains^ har- 
bours. 
jMeynt hca^.e, niary a man. 



M t 155 

Meyntz jour pafle, long 

ftnce. 
Meyre, mayor, 
Meys, month. 
Meys (eve -fa dozyme), 
the party himfelf and 
eleven compurgators. 
Meys, mouth. 
Meyfun, houfe. 
Mez, middle. 
Mi, me J myfelf, my. 
Mi, half, middle -, mixed, 

put. 
Mi efte (le), Midfummer, 
Mice, part, portion. 
M i cou 1 a u , Nicholas, 
Mi.Uvinr, midnight. 
Mie, net -, ill. 
Mie (a la), in the middle. 
Miech-aouz, the middle of 

Augujl. 
Miedi, in the middle of th^ 

day. 
iMielz, mieltz, mielz, 
miens, miez, miex, 
mex, befl, better. 
Miendre, lefs, the kajl. 
M lend res peches, f nailer 

offences. 
Micre, mier, mire, mo- 
ther i mtre. 
Miers, mieeres (les 11 11), 

the four feas. 
Mies, mcffuage or houfe. 
T^iieftre, cccafion. 
Mieftre cil: (que), than is 
necejfary. 

Micudre, 



15^ MI 

Mieiidre, better. 

Mieux, lefs ; rather. 

Mieux (face foun}, do bis 
heft. 

Miey, middle. 

M'gne de feer, mines of 
iron. 

Miere, mier, mire, mere, 
mother^. 

Mij quarcfme, midlents 

Mikiel, Michael. 

^Ifleime, thoujandth. 

^Jilie mars, a thQufand 
ptarks^ 

JMillier, a thoufand^ 

l^lilljou, better. 

^Iillort Henry, wj lord 
Henry. 

Milui, middle. 

J\Iilvcyn frcre, middh bro- 
ther. 
^^lijlyme deufentyme, 
twelve hundred. 

^lin (le), mine^ 

Minee, la menee, thofe 
tvha ought to -purfue fe- 
lons on a hue and cry. 

Minifter (a), to put in, 

Miniftralx, min/lrels. 

^liniilration, the man.ige- 
vient. 

Minni^t, a minute. 

^iinovery, trcfpafs done by 
the hand. 

Minourj, miners^ engineers. 

^IIqu, mine. 

Miugdre, better. 



M I 

Miqueou, Micquel, i^*- 

cbael. 
Mire, miere, mier, ptO' 

ther. 
Mire, fea. 
Mire (ne nous deit), ought 

not to put us into a worfe 

condition. 
Mirmour, murmur, 
Mirrour, pattern* 
Mis, we^ us. 
Mis, mys, left. 
Mifcrevv, mifcrue, fufpeSi- 

edi guilty. 
Mife, iffuey plea. 
^ifc, the joining ifftie in a 

iirit of right. 
Mife (fans la), without if- 

fiie joined. 
Mife demene (de veftre), 

of your own putting, 
jMifes, expenceSj cofts, taJkSy 

taxes. 
Miferes (feaux), faithful 

gentlemen. 
Mikymes, fuppofmg, 
Mifire, monfieur. 
IVIillier, miflyer, to chufs 

the wrongs to mijlake. 
Jslirprife], mijtaking. 
Mifiions, mifes^ expence^. 
Miflives, epijiles, letters. 
Milt, left. 
Mill: (foy), appears. 
Mifter, nee4 (f, occaJ(CU 

for. 
Miller, <? fecrst. 

Miftcrmyng, 



u o 

Miftermyng, mifcalling, 
Miftioner, to mingle. 

Miftrenc (fe), put them- 
fehes. 

Mit (ou il lui), ivhere he 
was his attorney. 

Mitaundre, in the night- 
time. 

Mitter, to appoint, 

Mittomus, ive admit y we 
put the cafe. 

Mittomous, let us fuppofe, 

Mittr, will fend. 

Mittre et tenus, put and 
kept it. 

Mius, better. 

Moblys, moveables. 

Mo eke, a bride, fpoufe. 

Mod (en la), in the mud. 

Modifier, to alter, regu- 
late. 

Moedz de vin, a hogjhead 
of wine. 

Moel, meel, honey. 

Mocleen, milljione. 

Moek grantement, very 
greatly. 

Moemenr, efpecially. 

Moer, moves. 

Moerge, dies. 

Moeryer, to die. 

Moes, better. 

Moeves, moved. 

Mogne, a monk. 

Moi, may. 

Ivloien remp, rrrcan time. 



M O 1^7 

Moien, mediation, a me* 

diatrix. 
Moienantz, moiennans, 

namely, efpecially, by 

means of. 
Moienez, means. 
Moicnne, moderate. 
Moienncr, to mediate, ne* 

gociate. 
Moiennerefles, media- 

trixes. 
Moien t, adminiflring. 
Moigns pour le, at leaft* 
Moil le re, a malier. 
Moi Hers (dents), the teeth 

called the grinders. 
Moils draps, milled cloths, 
IMoine, 'money. 
Moinere (en la), in the 

leaf. 
Moirent, die. 
Mold, ?ncdeL 
Aiokies, vnany, 
Pdoleins pur freins, hoJJeS^ 

bits for bridles. 
Moien er, a fniller. 
Molicons (des), demoli^ 

tion. 
Molt poi, much worfe, 
Molcurs, mills. 
Molt, much, very. 
Molument (le), the cms- 

luments. 
Molyn ventrefTe, a iviftd^ 

mill. 
Moly figles, mill fails. 

Mond 



158 M O 

Mond des molyns (pur), 
to grind at the mills. 

Mond re (de), to cleanfe out. 

Moneage, an aid or pre- 
fent to the duke of Nor- 
mandy once in three 
year 5^ that he Jhould fuf- 
fer the current money of 
Normandy to be changed. 
See charter of Henry L 

Monemu, Monmouth. 

Monefter (a), to admonifh. 

Monition, munition, an- 
munition. 

Monies (deux), two floods. 

Monnoycr (argent) ou a 
monnoyer,^/':;^r coined 
or vot coined, 

Monnumentz (nos mcne- 
mentz), cur deeds or 
muniments, 

Monfer Jehu Chrift, my 
lord Jefus Chrifl. 

Monft, mout, the world. 

Mdnller, to fljew. 

Monfter, inonllre, mon- 
(Irer, moufter, moilier, 
muftre, a rnonaficryy a 
church, 

Monftra, took it. 

Monftrable, to he declared. 

Monftraunce (par maii- 
vcyle), ly unjkilfully de- 
claring. 

Monftrc, mujlre cf forces. 

MOnilrcfon, the fljew, 

Montance, the 'value. 

J^'lunt dc fois, niahy times. 



M O 

MofHz, monftiers, mom* 

tains, high lands. 
Mordreu, murdered. 
Moreyns, morivaile, mur^ 

rain, -plague, 
Moreulf, maraft, mora, 

morent, dyed, dye. 
Moreys, flawed^ jtinking, 
Moriance, death, 
Moriant (en fon lye), on 

his death- bed, 
Morine, merine, timber. 
Morreuc, Morreve, Mur* 

ray. 
Mors d'argent, a button^ 

buckle, or clafp ofjilver, 
Mort-Mahoum, by the 

death of Mahomet. 
Mort (a la), fitting me- 
lancholy. 
Morteus, deadly, mortal. 
Morud de entaunt, ^-fi 

in childbed. 
Moryn, wall. 
Morz (q), as well dead. 
Mol'nier, a miller. 
Molly, Mofes. 
Molkra, ic:llft:cw. 
Mollrance, re^nonjlrance. 
A'lot et nioet, word for 

word. 
IMotf, morez, p:;!, cx- 

preJjLa, 
Motenaux (pelr.), Jhcep- 

fKins, 
Moties, motce, mentioned^ 

worded. 

Morons, 



M O 

Motons, motonus, wea- 
thers, Jheep, 
Motye, tnokiy. 
JMoudes maners, many 

kinds. 
Mould re, moudre, to grind, 
Moultloufe, very long, 
Moultons, weathers. 
Moult pres (eyde), very 

much contribute. 
Mound, the world. 
Mounder, to cleanfe. 
Mound re, to fence-, inclofe, 
Mouneyne (leur), middle 

fiftcr. 
Mount (tout le), the whole 

world. 
Mount (vers), towards, 

upwards, 
Mountance, amount, 'va- 
lue. 
Moun taunt, amounting to 

the value of. 
Mounture, a riding horfe, 
Mourront (ne), fjall not 

move, 
Mous, many, 
Mout, died. 
Pvlout, rrdich^ greatly. 
IMout de f )is, many times. 
IMouti, motive, defign. 
Mouth ferroit (qe), which 

would he heft. 
IMouron ti'or, an av.ciciit 

rr^J'U'h [J-JjJd CC'.V, C':l 

lil'^u \iii5 iiv.prdjii: a 
L;;ib, i:--!'' ibis i:.:.r:p^ 
/.V,;, J- -lis D.i. r:u 



M U 159 

tollit peccata mundi, mi- 
ferere nobis, 
Mouys, muys de ferment, 

a certain meafure of 

wheat. . \ 

Move (fe), begins, 
Moveementz, commotions, 

difiurbances. 
Movement (al), on the 

motion. 
Moves, moyes, months. 
Moyen, mean, indifferent ; 

temperate ; middle, 
Moyen (fans), without 

mefne. 
Moyennant, paying, mak- 
ing fuch payments. 
Moyennant (vous), you 

being the mediator. 
Moyennant qu', provided 

that. 
Moyen ner,/^ intercede with, 
Moyes, months. 
Moymenijans, by means of. 
Moyr, mayor. 
Mt, death. 
Mu, incited, moved. 
Muable (home), an inccn- 

fiani 'man. 
IMuables, different, vary. 
Muance, changing. 
Mucettes, in fecre!, 
P'.iUchi'., ccucealed, 
i\lu?, muelcj jiiutc. 



■ J L. 



^iuc:-^;:-, r::s. 

T\ 1 , ,^ . ■^. ^: ,■ -, 



.,-u:n3. 



idg M U 

Myins, warned, 

Muire, to dye. 

Muit de chiens, kennel of 
hounds. 

^I nines foer, the fecondJJf- 
ter^ or the middle be- 
tween two. 

Mulnes, mulnefie,//^/;;^/}; 
the leaft. 

Multe, the fine. 

IVIult pny, much worfe, 

lyiulyeyn, mulnes frere, 
middle brother, 

^luner, to warn. 

Muni, warned, 

Muninpent, evidence yproof, 

Munfeur, monjieur. 

Munte (qui), which a- 
mounts. 

Munture, a riding horfe. 

IVIuovee, moved, 

MuQvent (fe), vary. 

Murdre, kept fecret. 

Murdreflburs, murderers. 

Murdriflent, keep fecret. 

Mure, nuyre (pur nous), 
to injure us, 

Muremenr, maturely. 

Murger, murer, to ferijh, 
to dy^, 

Muriaux, walls. 

JVIuroufs, men employed in 
building walls and for- 
tifications. 

}\1vmi,Jhall dye. 

Murrcrent, murrurcnt, 
dyed. 



M Y' 

Murruft homage, the ho-^ 

mage is refpited. 
Mufce, mufee, mufle, mu- 

cha, concealed. 
Mufeaux, leprous, 
Mufettes (en), fecretly, 

privately, 
Mufleles, mufcettes (par), 

by Jlcalth. 
Muftre fruifler (de), of 

breaking into a church, 

or monajlery. 
Muftrer, mullrel, to fhewy 

(et forth. 
Mu 11 reru n t, fhewed. 
Mufurablemenr, according 

to the meafure, 
Mu lures, meafures. 
Mutcre (de), to change, 
Mutua, pledged i lent, 

changed, 
Mutuve, mutual, 
Mutz, moved, , 

Muye (ny vint), did not 

come. 
IVIuygne (un), a monk. 
My tout, all parts. 
My (entour la), aOcut the 

middle. 
My lieu (claufe en), tr.id- 

dle claufe. 
My (per) ec per tout, by 

the half or moiety and 

by all. 
Mver, mother. 
Mvcus, rather. 
I^.Iykarcimc, midlent. 

2 Myle 



N A 

Myle haut fil (en), in ths 

main Jiream. 
Mynace, midnight. 
Myncurs, minors, 
Myre, to prejudice, 
Mys, mife, left, 
Mys (fon), his confent. 
Mys par gage, put hy 

gages. 
Myfe, ajfejfmenty punijh- 

ment, 
Myfe (par fa), hy hispkad- 

ings, 
Myfe (pur), for lodging, 

placing.^ appointing, de- 

pojjting. 
My fne (temps), mean time, 
M\'flus, furmifed. 
My it mye (ne), did not ufe. 
My lies, prelates, hijhops, 

and archbifhops. 
My lire, to place. 

A, nade, born. 
Naal, Nadal, Na- 

daoLi, Chrijimas, 
Naam, replevy, dijlrefs, 

withernam. 
Naamer, to dijlrain, 
Naams, names, diftrained. 
Nacion, birth. 
Nad^eres puis, fometime 

fince, lately. 
"NaefSi^ips. 
NafFrerent, wounded. 
Nagement, fwimming, 
Nagucres, n'agures, lately. 



N A 161 

Naidgayers, naidgaris, 

nadgares, lately, fome- 

times. 
Naif, natural, lively. 
Naifu clemence (fa), her 

natural clemency. 
Nail, a nail in meafure. 
Nails jammes, neverthe* 

lefs. 
Nailours, not elfezvhere. 
Naiftres (faux), bajiards. 
Nammil, nam, dijlrefs. 
Nanyl, nothing, not, no, 
Napez, naped. 
Naplus, Naples. 
Nafhift, Jhould be born. 
N'afquir, nafqe, was born, 
Naftres (fous), ideots. 
Nat, net, pure^ clean. 
Natables, notable, conjidsr- 

able. 
Natair defaut, notorious 

defeoi. 
Nattraie, draws to himfelf. 
Naturefles, naiurc.lnefs, 

natural affeSfion, kind- 

nefs, civil ufage. 
Navant, they had net. 
Navie, navy., Jhips, 
Navil, no, not. 
Nau, a fnip. 
Naufre, naures, wounded, 

beaten^ hurt. 
Naye, drozvned. 
Nayemenr, nagement, 

fwimming. 
Nayer, to fivim, 

M Naz, 



i5? N E 

Naz, the nofe, 

Ne, nor. 

Ne, born. 

Ne pur quant- quint, not- 

ivitbjlanding, 
Ne ad geres, ne advers, 

lately, 
Neant, «<?/, nothing. 
Neaiir, to annihilate. 
-Nee (feint), St. Neot's. 
Nee, ^ native. 
Neef, a fljip. 
Neen, neez, nees, born. 
Neen (al heure de), //// 

noon. 
Ncent, have not. 
Neerment, nearly, 
Nees, the nofe. 
Nees, endamaged^ drown- 
ed. 
Nees, nee, neetz, arifen. 
Nees fols, natural fools. 
Nef, noef, neif, new.. 
Nef, ?iihe. 
Nefe, afrjip, a boat. 
Nefe, neif, niefe, a bond- 
woman. 
Nefilme, ninth. 
Ncfokaftel fur Line,iV^i£;- 

caflle under Line, 
Ncfs, fhips. 

Negic, negation^ negative. 
Neiantz., tiot having. 
Neiccncc, birth. 
Neiens, ncins, ncverthe- 

lefs. 
Neirent, drcwned. 



N E 

Neif (Ic), the ninth, 
Ncifture, neifure, natl' 

vity. 
Neint, nothing. 
Neir, black. 
Neis, not yet. 
Ne\s,ft)ips. 
Neis un (a), to any one of 

them. 
Nekedent, neverthelcfs. 
Nellui, nobody. 
Nel ret, of any crime. 
Nemy encontrefleant, «o/- 

zvithfianding. 
Nemy pur ces, notwilh- 

fianding this. 
Nenf, ninth. 
Nennil, by no means , not 

dt all. 
Nenparncnt,^^//;^^/ take 

upon themfdves. 
Ncnr, or, nor. 
Nent, 710 1. 

Nent (ne foit), is only, 
Neof, nine. 
Ncvoyt, night. 
Nepurquant, neverthelefs, 

moreover. 
Nevcn, nephew. 
Neqe dor, neverthelefs, 
'^es,Jhips. 
Nefance, neilauncc, bir/l., 

origin. 
Ncs pot, cannot. 
Neficns, ignora'fic:. 
Neircntj begetf arife. 

Nelli, 



N E 

NeHl, an ideot, 
Nctlre, not to be, 
Neibe, to accrue to^ to 

arife. 
Neftre fie), neflree (la), 

the birth. 
Neftre, ncftcr (p), by the 

birth, 
Neftrioir, notwithjlanding. 
Noftroit, not known. 
Neftry (pur my "bre de), 

by writ of naif ty, 
Nectcment abatu, wholly 

pulled down, 
Nectrez, educated. 
Nettroit, would accrue, 

arifc. 
Nctiire, nature. 
Nevant (nemie), not be- 
fore, 
Nevemcnt, clcfely^ nearly. 
Neviime, nevyme, the 

ninth. 
Nevoutz, nevor, nephew. 
Nevrer, to cffii^i, 
NeiJ, j:ot. 
Neure, to hurt. 
Neufreez vous ale (qi), 

why did you not go. 
Neux, nine. 
Neuz, nephew. 
Newel, Chrijlmas. 
Neweu, ncwe, nephew. 
Ncy, not, 
Ncye, drowned. 
Ncyez, have not, 
N^yllure, birth. 



N I 16? 

Neytz, netz (croiz), the 
white crofSf viz. of St, 
Andrew ; cne of the 
crcjjes on which they 
ufed to fwear in Scot' 
land. 

Nez, a naive. 

Neze, nofe. 

Ni (un), not, a denying, 

Nianr, not. 

Nianr, danger. 

Niccment, efpecially, 

Nichol, Nicol, Lincoln. 

Nice, denycd. 

Nieement, namely, parti- 
cularly. 

Niel, Nigellus. 

Nielment plede, badly 
pleaded. 

Nient mienz, moreover, 
be/ides. 

Nienc, not, have net. 

Nient (a), for nothing, 

Nient nuinbrables, innu- 
merable. 

Nient obi' ant, nient aref- 
tcant, notzvitbji anding. 

Nient lemeins, neverthe- 
lef. 

Nientefement, avoidance, 
defirnEiion. 

Nierr jamnnes, fimll never 
he. 

Nics (iinques), ever was 
known, 

Nies, niez, a grand [on, 
aJfo a nephew. 

M 2 Niet, 



164. N O 

Niet, brings, draws. 

Niez, new. 

Nifle, a thing of no value^ 

a trifle. 
Nil, no one, nothing. 
]^\&v^floallnot ijfue. 
Nitivitee, nativity. 
Nit meins (ne), neverthe- 

lefs. 
Niye, drowned. 
No, cur. 
No, nory not. 
No, note. 
Noblee (la), the noble ex- 

t ration. 
Nobieife (cy hauts), fo 

high and noble a calling. 
Noef, nine. . 
Noefa, refufed, would not, 

durjl not. 
Not(s,JhipSj vejfels. 
Noeifs (fes), his neifs. 
Noel, Noil, Chriftmas. 
Noement, efpecially. 
Noemme, noemine, ninth, 
Noer, tofwim. 
Noefantz, niiifances, 
Noet, night. 
Noetandrement, in the 

night' time. 
NoeviiVne, noefifme, ninth. 
Noez, our people. 
Noiera {v\t)^JhallnGt deny, 
Noies (totes), always. 
Noif, nois, ^0';^. 
Noifte, neifety, 
Noirent (que ne), who do 

not fend. 



no 

Noifent, dare Hot* 

Noifife, noxious. 

Noifmes (pot) voifineSy 
neighbours. 

Noix, noitz, night. 

Nom, no. 

Nomafifoins, had named. 

Nomed (per ferment), by 
fwearing in a fet form 
of words. 

Nomement, noement, no- 
monientez, to wit, ef- 
pecially. 

Nomerz, nometz, named. 

Nomis, names. 

Nom merveill, no wonder. 

Nonaen, nonain, nonne, 
a nun, 

Nonchofant, knowing no- 
thing. 

None, noon. 

None, ninth. 

Noneims, 7iunSy wives. 

Nonmefnaunce (la), thr 
not bringing in. 

Nonn, name. 

Nonn (an), in name of. 

Nonfachaunce, ignorance, 

Nonfauz, nonfuited. 

Nonfemblablement (le 
pluis), the more unlikely. 

Noore, noon. 

N'oofa, durfl not. 

Nore, a daughter-in-law. 

Norgales, North-Wales. 

Nori, a fofler-child. 

Notices, nurfes. 

Noriflement„ 



N O 

Noriflement, encourage- 
ment. 

l^on^ijbreeds ; amounts to, 

Norrour (Je), the gilder, 

Nos, IV e J our. 

Nofant, hurtful, 

Nofaft, durji not. 

Nore, nofi, a nut, 

Nofemcnr, namely. 

Nofeft, knows not. 

Nofnies, nofmables, fur- 
names. 

Note (il a), he has de- 
clared, viven out. 

Note, expreffed, fpecified. 

Note (hors de le), out of 
the note of the fine, 

Notilbns, 7nake known, 

Notoier, fcience, of expe- 
rienced knoivledge. 

Notorement, notorioufy. 

Notorie, material^ ohjerv- 
chle. 

Novallitez, novellerie, no- 
vellers, innovations^ nezv 
terms. 

Noveal, nezu. 

Novel (ore de), now of 
late. 

Noveletes, injury. 

Novels porcionSj equal 
portions, 

Novics foits, nine times. 

Noil, nouve, nifie. 

NoucheSj knots. 

None ft re, cur, ours, 

>{oi}n, nine. 



N U 165 

Noun (de chefcun), /or 
every number, 

Nounne, noon. 

Noun (p), by name. 

Noun def, notf or unde- 
fended. 

Noun due, undue, what 
is not laijoful, 

Nour, us. 

No well, novelle (a), at 
Chrijlmas. 

Nowelles, new, 

Noycr (ne), knew not, 

Noyes, drowned, 

No}'s, nuts. 

Noyfaunce, a nuifance, 

Noz, our, us, 

Nu mcncion, no notice, 

Nuce, a nut. 

Nude empefcliement (p), 
by a bare impeachment, 
without any proof to fup- 
port it. 

Nuef, nueve, new. 

Nuire, nuyre, hurt, in- 
jure. 

Nuifement, nuifance, an- 
noyance. 

Nul (fi), if any, 

Nulenois, never, 

Nulh, any. 

Null (a), to any one. 

Nulla, ;;(?, none, 

Nulluy, no one. 

Nuly biens (en), /;; any 
one's goods, any one^s 
property. 

M 3 NuiT', 



i66 



N Y 



Niim, nun (en), in name. 

!Nuaimcz, named. 

Klin (ky Deu), ijubich 

God forbid . 
Nuncie (la), declare it. 
Nuncie (que), ivho may 

declare. 
Nuof, nine. 
Nurrer, nurer (pur), to 

nourijh, 
Nurriz le roy fles), the fa- 
miliars cf the king. 
Nurture (de fa), of his 

own bringing up. 
Nus, no, 
Nu9, we. 
Kufant z\\?,,to the miifance 

of another. 
Nufie, nobody. 
Nud duft fere, ought to do 

to us. 
Nut, has. 
Nurauntre, in the nip-bt- 

time. 
Nutc (mi), mignight. 
Nuyll (ncj, does not hurt. 
Nuytcr (a la), nuytandre, 

in the night-time. 
N'jytz, night. 
ISuz (Tan) ivithoiit us. 
Nyanr, ;;<j/. 
Nyckc (ncfir.e), nick- 

nams. 
Nye, a mjl. 
Nyet, ncii-j a zyoman Z'il- 

hin. 



O D 

Nyefe, neif, a fhip. 
Ny gill, dees not lie. 
Nyent avant, they having 

none before. 
NyuemanL 'jy), fo vigor- 

oujly. 
Nyurent, endeavoured, 

commanded. 

or, and. 
h O, on, with. 

Obeijiaument, obedience. 

Ob^iires, uttered. 

Objicet, to object y lay to 
one's charge. 

Obir, obites, dead, forgot- 
ten. 

Oblidier, to fport^ rejoice. 

Oblier, to forget. 

Obligation, tenure. 

Oblige, liable. 

Oblivion, forgetfulnefs. 

Obmittes, omitted, left out. 

Obfcurity (en), in a dun- 
geon. 

Gc, yes, fo. 

Ocbeir, to obey. 

Occluder, to put. 

OcQU\)?.\.\ox\^ encroachment , 
feiiurcs. 

Ochoilon, ccquifon. ocoi- 
ion, occafion, accident. 

Ocious \ ie, an idle life. 

Ocrti.. (Ic), the increafe. 

Octroyc, granted. 

OJ, or, il;:th. 

Ocl 



o r 

Od fei (apeler), call to 
him. 

Odible, odious. 

Odonqs, then, 

Oefs, bees. 

Oegles, ogles, oels, eyes. 

Ot\Jhe. 

Oel, eqiial. 

Oels, them, the famCy in 
like manner. 

Oens (a), to them. 

OcVi% (les), the doors, 

Oept, eight, 

Oeptaz, &c. oBav^j ^c. 

Oeptifme, eighth. 

Oer (de), to triiji. 

Oes, oeps, ufe, benefit. 

CefTes del chambre (les), 
the doors of the cham- 
ber. 

Oct, oete, eight. 

Oeux, eggs, 

OF, with. 

Office (de Ton), of right, 
by virtue of his office. 

Offre, a tender. 

Olfres (oj cl p demandes, 
by quefiicn and an fiver, 

OniTes, offiz, offices. 

Oghil.i, cujled. 

Oi, / have. 

Oi, oic, oiectz", heard, 

Oi (cours de), his body. 
Oictoiivrc, O.^jucr. 
Oie, an ear. 
. Cicls, cjcs. 



O M 167 

Oient, had. 

Oier (d*), to hear. 

Oier del jurie (al), to the 

ear of the jury. 
Oil, o\\, yea, yea, ay, ay, 

the afjent of the commons 

in 2S Edw, III. 
Oille, oil. 
Oingt, anointed. 
Oioir, heard, 
Oir, to hear, 
Oir mafle, heir male. 
Oirs (pur fcs), fcr bis 

heirs. 
Oires (jufques), to this 

tir/ie. 
Oifei, oifeal, a bird. 
Oifel St. Martin (le), a 

croiv\ fo called from its 

generally being feen about 

Mdrlinrnas in France, 
Oi fines, ina^ive, idle. 
Oifmes, we have heard. 
Oift, eaft. 

Oiluir, Icifure, cpportuniiy, 
Oitaves, oBaves, 
Oic d', eight -pence. 
Oitemenr, advancement, 
0;z, heard. 
Olii'auiit, an elephant. 
Oly (d';, olives. 
Om, ommc, a man, p.r- 

Oiii meiTefoit: (conie fc), 
as if one bad cffcnde.L 

Oir.cs (prud), uiagndies, 
great men. 

M -i- OriiiciJie 



i6S 



o o 



Omicidie (d'), of homi- 
cide^ mavjla^ighier, 
Omofnes, aims. 
On, in. 

On (un), atj ounce. 

On a (Tent (fans), "juithout 

thei'f ('iTerH. 
Onche u'or, an ouche of 

gold, a kroQcby a neck- 
lace. 
Oncl, uncle. 

Oncore, Jiicr cover , again. 
Qncques n'eulTent etc_, 

had never been. 
Ond, one. 
One, vjith. 
Oner 'J'), the honour. 
Onerer (ne duft), ought 

not to meddle. 
Onerec (fagement), '■jijifdy 

to vjork. 
Oneftee, decency. 
Onf;ec de Boun, liurn- 

plry de Bohun. 
Onkore, yet. 
OnneroLint, u>ill fend. 
Onncur (cap d'), cap of 

hgncur. 
Onqnes, never, ever. 
Onfl eu, have had. 
Onta, fhame. 
Qnur, honcur. 
Oons (nous), lie have. 
Oonc ct termintnt, hear 

and deter7nine. 
Oor la reigne (le), au- 

ruiT5 rcginir, i^icengold. 



O R 

this is a royal debt, 

■ duty, and revenue of 
every ^leen confort of 
England, during her 
mnrriage to the king, 
from every perfon,, both 
in England and Ireland, 
for fiery gift, or obla- 
tion, or voluntary obli- 
gation or fine to the king, . 
amounting to ten marks 
or nicre, for privileges, 
franchifes, difpenfations, 
licences, pardons 0/ grants 
of royal grace, or favour 
conferred by the king, 
vohich is a tenth part, 
bef.des the fine to the. 
king. 

Oor de Cypre(de drap d'), 
cloth of ^ old of Cyprus. 

Oofent (n*), dare not. 

Ooft, army. 

Oppofer, appofTer, to ap- 
pofe, examine, quejiion. 

Ops, choice, idll. 

Opfe, ufe. 

Opteincnr, obtain, 

Oquifon, occafwn. 

Or endroit (qui);, who at 
prefent. 

Grail, oraillc, an ear. 

Oraire, orarium, a flole to 
be v^orn at all times by 
the prieft : it vjent a- 
bcut the neck cf him 
that ojficiated, tofignify 
he 



O R 

he had taken upon him 
the Lord's yoke, 

Orac (ori), heard the cry. 

Oratours, complainanis^pe- 
titicners, 

Orce, ors, orfe, a bear. 

Ordc (del), cf CDmr/iat2d- 
ing^ ordering. 

Ordenours, tkcfe prelates 
and barons -ivho ini ^i o, 
3 Edzvard II. were ap- 
pointed^ by virtue of 
the king's ccmmijficn^ to 
reform and fettle the 
flate cf the king's hctife- 
holdy and of the king- 
do'm. 

Ordemmenrs, ordinances 
or ft a tilt es. 

Ordcs parollcs (ove), ivith 
fcul words. 

Ordt-ynemenr, determina- 
tion. 

Ordi, barley. 

Ordinail, a book of rules 
and orders, to dire^ the 
right Tianner of faying 
and performing holy fer- 
vice : the mcji famous 
of this frt c'ACj that of 
Sarm-:, ms.de bv Ofmcidy 
Vifrop of SaVjl ;;;t, i o 7 7. 

Ordinarcs^ orclcnetj^ cr- 
divaries, lijhops. 

Ordire, crdei\ ////.;, 

Ordincr, lo difpf: cf. 

Ordir, to befihhy. 



OS 1S9 

Ordrene, ordained. 
Ore, any more. 
Ore (d'), at prefcnt. 
Ore (ec ja foit), andfup- 

pofe. 
Ore (pur fon), for her 

queen gold. 
Oreler, a pillow. 
OrepAireyt lui, on his part, 
Orendroir, no-jj, at this 

time. 
Organes portatifs du roy 

(les), the king's portable 

organs. 
Oriel, a}i ear. 
Qrier, to rife up, the ri- 



Orlia ove le rov, had a 
private audience cf the 

ki'iy. 

Orir, to arife from. 
Orlage, a clock. 
Orphays, orphans. 
OrpheoLir, goldfi.iith. 
Orray, orrount, orreyent, 

Q\-rzni,fhall hear. 
C':rtt, guilt. 
O rri blecce, horribknefs. 
Orris (1'), the inheritance. 
Orr, a garden, 
Ortcils, claws. 
Ortieux, toes. 
Okmnes, Ozanne, Pa!,n- 

S'lindipy, 
Of], alfo. 
OllI;, bone. 
Offi qc, fo t';at. 

Oil, 



J70 O T 

Oft, he had. 

Oil, hoji. • 

Oft, oftcl (a), wilb an 

' army. 
Ollagc, hojiage. 
Oftagiez, fet at liberty. 
Oftaflent, Jkould remove 

from^ ot'Jly put out. 
Olteilx, hctifes. 
Oftel, houfekold, at heme, 

an inUy lodging, enier- 

taimmnt, diet. 
OHenfion (de faire), to 

frjcw, to produce. 
Olter, taken away. 
Oder (mal), bad under- 

JlaJtding, 
Os teres, fuch lands. 
Ofterons, ivill put out. 
Oftier, a door. 
O^oyn, Jlocd, was, 
Oftre, Jhezvid. 
Oft re ceo, moreover. 
Olyiim lefTcr (nus de), zve 

have adjourned, 
Ot, il ot, he had, 
Ote, ot, he hearkens. 
Otel, as much, the like. 
Gterie (e), and grant. 
Otiofite, idlenejs, want of 

employment. 
Otree, granted^ confcnled, 

appointed. 
Otrei, the other. 
Otrei, otri, ka-'je, confcnt, 
Otrie de cto, Jurtler, 

moreover. 



O V 

Otriemenz, concejjions. 

Otroiant, attending to, re^ 
garding, granting. 

Otruoyfons, grants, 

Ottie, granted. 

Ottis, taken away, carried 
off. 

Otto or Otho de Tillie, 
the name of fome Nor- 
man, who built Doncaf- 
ter crofs. 

Ottreer (le), the charter, 

Ottreire, to grant. 

Ottret, granted, 

Ottrie de ceo a luy (n*), 
does not pretend himfelf 
to have any title thereto, 

Ottroyent (s'ilz luy), if 
they grant it to him, 

Ottroyer, to contra^, 

Ottruyz, granted, 

Ou, whereas, whereto, 
within, with, into, in, 

Ou cas, in caje, 

Ou nun, in the name. 

Ou que ils fuiflent, aU 
though they were. 

Ou q foit chargeant, 
wherewith he be charged. 

Ouj to open. 

Ouan, in a year. 

Oucunque, wherefoever, 
whatfoeier, wbenfoever^ 

Oue, ouic, a goofe. 

Ouen (qi), who have, 

(yucs, bones. 

Ovf, with. 

Cve 



O V 

Ove et de trove; de eve et 
de treve ; /. e. free for 
many defcents ; from 
graridfatber, and great 
grandfather" s great 
grandfather ; alfo cer- 
tain feignioral rights ex- 
ercifed over villains, 

Ovek CO, morccver. 

Ovakes. oveuk, zuith. 

Ovel, nczv. 

Ovelment, equally^ j^'ft^i 
exactly, 

Oueni, have, 

Ovenuz. arrived y come. 

Over, have. 

Over ;dc;, to zvcrk, to la- 
bour, 

Overaigne del Eglife (al), 
to the fabric of the 
church. 

Overe, ouere pur luy, 
paffcd in her favour. 

Overe pur vous (qe), 
which is in y cur favour. 

Overe (par), by endeavour- 
ing. 

Overe en avant (de eel), 
from that time forward. 

Ovcrecha, goes beyond. 

Overee ley, v^rought f.lk. 

Overeif^ne (al), tovjards 
bii'ldifig. 

Ovcreignes, zvorks. 

Overe mye (nc), there is 
no occc./icv. fcr. 

Ovcrent, pajled. 



O V 171 

Ojverer, to proceed^ to gain, 
Overrer, to work. 
Overefces de feie, filk- 

"workers. 
Ovetete (en Iku), in an 

open place. 
Overez, built^ ere5led, 
Overre (en), inquiry, 
Overte (en temps), in open 

tide, 
Overtement, plainly^ ma- 

r.ifcftly. 
Qvcnc^.open^fo as the lord 

can difirain, 
Oves et feucs, done and 

prcfdcuted. 
Oveiqe ceo qe, except 

that. 
Ovefque, alfo. 
Overtoit, ivhilji he laas, 

lyjs heretofore; appoint- 
ed. 
Ou.c>htee, oujled. 
Ovient, often, 
Ovir, to hear, 
Ouk, ever. 
Oukuns, any. 
Ouit (au), on the lafi day. 
Oultrance, attrenche (a 

tout}, to the utmoft, 
Oultroyle, granted,. 
Oumcs, men. 
Ounrernent, openly, 
Ounr me Iter, hold it ne- 

ceffary. 
Ovoqcs tut ce, befiles all 

this. 

Ouq, 



172 O U 

Ouq, and tbaf, where. 
Ouraj Jhall have, 
Oure, hour. 
Oure, to kill. 
Oure, cures, works. 
Oure (al), at the time. 
Ourcroms (nous), we will 

proceed. 
Oures (avant tout), efpe- 

cially. 
Ourir, to manage. 
Our ke (del), as foon as. 
Ours (j*), I Jhall have. 
Ous, hones, 
Ous (a), to them. 
Ouft, Augujl. 
Quft, out, haSy had, 
Ouflage, hojiage. 
Ouftantz, oujling, turning 

from. 
Ouflel fal), to the door^ at 

the door, at the begin' 

ning, atfirjL 
Ouftcr auxi, over, alfo. 
Ouftrez, oufles, put cut, 

removed, taken off, 
Ourtr, over. 
Quit re, removed. 
Ouftre autcr droit, except 

what belongs to others. 
Ouilre quel, leyoud which, 

after which. 
Out, cbcvc. 
Outcl (facrcir.ent dcl)../;- 

craynciit on tic c.Uo.r. 
Cuter", ovcrte (clchange), 

ptdlicy open cxclaii'-e. 



o w 

Ouilagari, an outlawry. 
Outrage, abufe, excefs, 
Outragieufe, exccffive. 
Outre, over, hejides. 
Outre (d'), of another. 
Outre (la), doutrek nicer, 

beyond fea. 
Outreiz, granted, 
Ouircment (tout), ouver- 

tement, intirely, utterly. 
Outr quen culture, over, 

through which piece of 

ground. 
Outre (fa demande tout), 

the whole fue demanded, 
Ouve, or. 

Ouvertez, letters patent.^ 
Ouwel-main (en), into an 

indifferent hand. 
Ouye, ouy, ouyes, her.rd. 
Ouyez, publijhing, pro- 

cbiming. 
Ouzercient (ne), durft 

not. 
Ouzifme, eighth. 
Ow, or. 

Owaille (un), afJjccp. 
Owe, aiie cralle, a fat 

goofe. 
Owe, hired. 
0\vel, ouclx, equnJ. 
Ow'-le main (en), into an 

ifidifferent hand. 
Owele condicon (dc), cf 

equal condition. 
Owclmcnt, ciiually. 

Owelty 



o z 

Oweles (Dieux ad comys 

fes), God has commitied 

bisjheep. 
Owells, eyes, 
Owels, goods, 
Ower, oar, 
Owefter celle avverouftc 

(pur), to remove this 

doubt. 
Owyt, eight, 

Oy, heary heard^ audited. 
Oy (demanda), demanded 

oyer, 
Oy dire (par), ly hear- 

fay. 
Oye, an ear. 
Oye, oyer. 
Oye encor (je n'), / have 

not yet. 
Oyels, eyes. 
Oyer, eyes. 

Oyer (lb), his hearing, 
Oyis, heard. 

Oyl, yes^ hear ye^ an eye, 
Oynt, eight. 
Oyr no acuntes (de), io 

audit cur accounts. 
Oyfcls, birds, 
Oyfon, goofe. 
Oyft, heard. 
Oyt, eight. 
Oytaves, o^laves. 
Oytiefme, the eighth. 
Oyzes (kil), that he hear. 
Ozanne (la fete d'}, Palra- 

^unday. 



PA i-B 

p amont cfcrit, above 

written, 
PI, plaintiff. 
p my, throughout, 
P noms, have brought. 
pnt, /i^/^ifj. 
Pont, can, may, 
^oirez, procured. 
ppris, purprifedf encroach' 

ed upon, 
ProLi, profit. 
pr tee, for their land. 
ps, taken, more. 
ps dil ce qs, »*?^r iz«/^, ^Z- 

mofi to. 
pie, taken. 
pfel, taking. 
ptie, brought. 
p ufe, ^_)' /ar»j'. 
Pa age, payment. 
Paas, country. 
Pace, paffe, p^'^, ex- 

Paces del Efcheklr (en 
voiez a Ics), /?;7/ /^ the 
places ; /. t\ to the courts 
of the Exchequer., ^c, 

Pache, a convention. 

Pacs, peace. 

Pae, paeinenz, paes, pcy- 
ment. 

Pae pas (nc fe), is not fa* 
tisficd. 

Paee, payed. 

Paer (l' apolloill), >/^iT 
the pspe. 

Paes, 



J 74 



P A 



Paes, agreement J peace, 

Paes, countries. 

Paes (nexcede), do not ex- 
ceed. 

Paetz, paid. 

Pagner (per), by payment. 

Paiages et Rovages ; pe- 
dagia et roagia. tributes 
and rotages. See Roy- 
nages. 

Paie (de), of payment, 

Paie (mau), difpleafed. 

Paiere (p la), Iry the fa- 
ther. 

Pa'es, paj^ez (les), the pay- 
ments. 

Paigners, panniers. 

Paile, omitted. 

Pailemcnt faire, to do the 
like. 

Paillettes, hangings. 

Painer, to torment. 

l^ain-grofTe, hro\Jon bread. 

Pains, /o^-y^Ji thefiyft Sun- 
day in lent in the RomifJj 
church. 

Paintz, paying. 

Painz (vii), feven haves. 

Paiour, fear. 

Pair, to pay, 

Paira, may. 

Pais, paile, peace. 

Pailement (ibr le), in the 
appcajing. 

Pailnc, the ycungejl. 

Paifvile, peaceable. 



? A 

Paifumne (en), into a Pd- 

ganijh country. 
Paiz, agreement. 
Pale, pal, pel, palingi 

Vi'Cod. 

Paler, to fpeak. 

Palettes, a military habit. 

Palie, pallees, fpoken ofy 
trcnted of. 

Paller (fanz ent), with- 
out mentioning the fame* 

Panbretat, mandate. 

Pandecourte, Penticofi, 

Pane, cloth, a robe. 

Pane, bread. 

VantSy J^ins. 

Panes, loaves. 

Panetre le roy (ferjante dtf 
eftree), byferjeantry, to 
be the king's pantkr, 

Pani, penalty. 

Pans, he thinks. 

Panfe, the belly. 

Pan lbs, hung^ pendant, df- 
fixed. 

Panures, poor. 

Paor, paoir, power, 

V^oy^r,fear. 

Paonrs, payers. 

Papa, the pope, 

Papate (la), the papacy. 

Papirs, papers, books of 
accounts. 

Papificke (eglife), the 
Rcmif/j church, 

Papiitine, a papijl. 

Par, 



P A 

Par, equaL 

Par, paces. 

Par (de), of Paris. 

Parachue, paracheve, fi- 
nijhed. 

Parage, kindred. 

Para i me r, to love affec- 
tionately. - 

Parains, padrines, tbefe 
are psrfons who, in the 
time of combat, perform- 
ed the fame office which 
advocates and pleaders 
ufe in difputaticn of ci- 
vil caufes. 

Paramount (efpecefie), a- 
bcve fpecified, 

Paraval Ics pountz, belozv 
the bridges. 

Paravant, before. 

Paraventnre, by, between. 

Parautee (eftat de), ejlate 
of peerage. 

Parcas, perhaps. 

Parcenier, parcenery, 

Parchemin, parchena, 
parchment. 

Par chi devant, heretofore. 

Parchier (les mux^), break 
through the walls. 

Par i-hole qe, becaufe, 

Parclofc chartre, in tie 
clofe of the charter. 

]'arconniers, parceners* 

Parcoons, dilatory. 

Parcn, delay. 

ParJ, lofs. 



PA 175 

Pardannr, lofing. 

ParcJc, pardoin, pardon^ 

forgive. 
Pardehors, outwards. 
Pardehors le roialme, out 

of the realm. 
Pardela, beyond fea. 
Pa ret r, fhall lofe. 
Parduit, lojt. 
Pardurable, perpetual. 
Pardurablcment,/i?r ever. 
Pare, by, 
Parecheronnt, parifhoi- 

ronx., fhall be wrecked. 
Pareil, parile, parole, pe- 
'■ ril, danger. 
PareifToules, idle. 
Parches, parcels, pieces, 
Parempler, to fill up. 
Parency, parenfi qe, 

whereby, fo that. 
Parent, parentz, kindred. 
Parent que, whereby. 
Parer point, perpoint, pur- 

point, doublet. 
Pares, peers. 
Parefce, idlenefs. 
I'arfcrons, will p^rfonri. 
Parfin (a la), at laf., 
Parfond, deep. 
Parfurnis, parfourny, /)fr- 

formedy executed, com- 
pleted. 
Pargam, parch-'imt. 
Pargemin, a AISS. en 

parcbmcrt. 

Paria?e 



17^ 



P A 



Pariage (de), on the part 

of the father, 
Pariens a mont, appearing 

with much greater. 
Parier, perjured. 
Paritcs, parties. 
Parlance, parly (la), /r^^/y. 
p la ou, where. 
Paries, pearls. 
Par \\,for him, en his ac- 
count. 
Pari ire, to read through, 
plour (lour coe), their 
common fpeakcr, one 
'jvho zvill anfwer for 
the zvhole body^ the 
fpeaker of the Houfe of 
Commons, 
Parlure, language, 
Parme, parmi, at, by, 

'with, 
Parmi (et), and according 

to. 
Par mi ce, tlercfore^ en 

that account, 
Parmi chou kei provided 

that. 
Parmi cy, by this. 
Parmucr, to truck, to bar- 
ter. 
Parmy, upon. 
Parncr, to take. 
poch, parijJj^ dioccfc, ter- 
ritory. 
Parodies, -parts, fides. 
Paroge, convcrfc, have 
communicatic n ivith. 



V A 

Paroier, to appear. 

Parol, paralce, peramhii' 
la t ion. 

Parole, plea. 

Paroles pur les communes 
(qi avoit les), who was 
fpeaker for the commons* 

Parolys (avons en), had 
fome difcourfe, 

pouls, words, 

Parout, wherefore. 

V^rjpzxCy fully paid, 

Parplcde, pleaded. 

Par point, a doublet, 

Parquai, whereby. 

Parquaunt, when. 

Parquer, to inclofe, im- 
pound, impark. 

Parqui, in as much as, be- 
caufe. 

Parraies, zvalls. 

Parrie, equality. 

Parrie, a peer, peerage. 

Parfiver, to perform. 

Paribn, perfon. 

Parfone (apres coeverfu}, 
after coverfu has rung. 

Parfoneable, perfonable, 
enabled to maintain pica 
in court. 

Partage et pannage, por- 
tion and appcnnage. 

Partant, therefore, where- 
upon. 

Parcant que, inafmuch as. 
Parte des tellcs (per), by 
beheading. 

Parte 



Parte ct parte, party and 

party. 
Parte dt^s coiles (la), the 
lofs of the teftichs. 

Partement, departure. 

Partcz, carried. 

Partirent, departed. 

Partifons, divifions. 

Parcmenr, in part. 

Parrot, in the whole. 

Partront(ne), ijuill not de- 
part. 

Party (pur la), by reafon 
of the parity. 

Parvoar (le), the pro- 
curjor. 

Parvoificrs (vallez), valets 
who were learned i.i 
their military excrdfes. 

Pas, palfes. 

Pas, pacs, peace. 

Palcage, grazing. 

Palcher, palTer, to feed. 

P a fc h e r ^ p u i [ i c), 'might go . 

Pafk, Eajlcr. 

PaRjucs charnieix, ivlid- 
Icnt -Sunday ; Dominica 
E-efetlionis, 

Palque florie, Pain-Sun- 
day. 

Palqueret, the feafon cf 
Eajhr. 

Palqucrages, pafiire- 
grounds. 

Pai'Ianr, in their journey, 

Paliaiu, feed on* 



V A 177 

Pa (Ta u n t c, exceeding. 

P.i(Ici77enr, death. 

PafTcr (doit), ought to ex- 
ceed. 

Paiics (flint), are made up, 
comprehended. 

Pa{T:(;naire, a hook which 
contains the hijiory of 
the paffion of our Sa- 
viour. 

Paftour, fhephcrd, 

Paihire ((juitz de la), t9 
be quit of pcture. See 
Poture. 

Pfiluilemcnr, peaceably. 

I'atere, Patrick. 

Pateys, piuoys (le), the 
ceremonies., prayers. 

Pari, ou IjuiiVance de 
gucrrtr, abjiirencej cr 
ccfaticn cf war. 

Pa::L:ncc ricu ['par la), ly 
(icd's pennificn. 

Parins, pattens. 

Patins, dijhcs, plates^ cr 
chargers, niade of gold 
or fhe>'^ u'l'd at the dif 
trihution cf the hrjt ; 
a)!d thefe it-ere calied 
patins cr patens ; a pa- 
rend,. 

Patron, pattern, 

P.iver, pavoirt, /(?t7r. 

Pavis, a large kind cf 
field. 

Pan, a fake. 

i^j Pauantz, 



178 P E 

Pauantz, paynant, paying. 

Paulement, a little. 

Paumaunt, paumes, touch- 
ing, laying one^s hands 
upon. 

Paus (a"), in pledge. 

Pax (un), a box where the 
facrament is put. 

Paye, a paye, fatisfied\ 
payment. 

Payee, recompenced. 

Payne, penalty. 

Payntier le roy, ferjeant 
of the pantry to the king. 

Paynim, a Pagan. 

Pays, payes, country. 

Payfqcs, Eajler. 

pe, pray. 

Pche, preach, declare. 

Pe, pee, pazSjfoot, 

Peace le roy (a la), to the 
law cf the land. 

Peac, peaz, peax, peace. 

Peae, feet, 

Peages, to us. 

Peaiges, tolls, cujloms. 

Peaifez, countries. 

Pealx lanuz, woolfels. 

Peaux dth^xbiz, fjjeepjkins. 

Peautre, peantre, pewter. 

Pec (pris le), price, each. 

Peccheroufement, wicked- 

Pecchi (a), to fin. 
Peccunc, pccunie, money. 
Pece (grand), a great 
while. 



P E 

Pecee (abfentent un), he 
abfettt a little while, 

Pecheries, offences. 

Pechereufe cite d'Avenon 
(en la), in the wicked 
city of Avignon, 

Pechir, pecher, to offend. 

Peck (haute). High Peak. 

Pecker (de), to break open, 

Ped, the breajl. 

Pecunielle (peine), pecu- 
niary puntfhment. 

Pederefte, a fodomite. 

Pee, foot. 

Pee de la fyn, foot of tht 
fine. 

Pee, country. 

Peele (entrez en la), en- 
tered in the pell. 

Peer, a fione, fourteen 
pounds. 

Peer (franche), free-flone. 

Peeres (nous auncients)j 
our ancejlors. 

Pecrefins (pleignanze), 
pilgrims complainants, 

Peert, appears. 

Pees, peace. 

Pees (un), a concord. 

Pees (en), in the country. 

Pees (mettent les), fet> 
their feet, 

Peefe, appeared. 

Peefe (ove la), peaceably, 

Pege, pitch. 

Peibicinent, peaceably. 

Pcier 



P E 

Peier (plus), luorji. 

Pejer, worfe. 

Pcies en main, paid down 

in hand. 
Peignereffes, combers* 
Peinbles, diligent. 
Peinblement (fi), fo dili- 
gently, carefully. 
Peine, punijhment. 
Peine benite (pur), for 

holy bread, 
Peipe (Ton), his father. 
Par, peer, equal. 
Peir de juftices, two juf- 

tices, 
Peire, father. 
Peire (un), a pair. 
Peir (il puit), he may pray. 
Vclrs, Jlones. 
Peirt, appears. 
Peis, weights. 
Peis, peace. 
Pels, peil'e, peas. 
Peife (nus), prejfed us, lay 

upon our hands. 
Peile (e mole nous), and 

it gives us great concern. 
Pcifer, to weigh. 
PciGble, peaceable. 
Peifiblete, the peaceable 

Jtate. 
Peifon, majl. 
Peithe, fails. 
Peitou, Foi^ou. 
Peitreux, peitrelx, that 

part of the trappings of 

a hcrfe, which goes a- 

orofs his hreajl. 



P E 179 

Peiz, feet. 

Pelcs, ijjues arifing from. 

Pelle (le ditte), the faid 

appeal. 
Pelure, peleure,^;«,/«rr, 

clothin?. 

o 

Pelrine, pilgrim. 

Pelter fcitizein et), citizen 

andjkinner, 
Peltrie, all kinds offurr. 
Pelwoll, peltwool. 
Pembrugg, Pembroke, 
Penacles, pinnacles. 
Penauntz, penitents. 
Pence, interJs. 
Pendable, to be hanged, 
Pendaiint, in jiif pence. 
PcnJert (en), belongings 
Pender, to confider. 
Pendra, let him pay, 
Pendure (de), of hang* 

inz. 
Pene, penalty. 
Pene, puniftocd. 
Pen ere (a), to punijh. 
Penes, oblized. 
Pv^nia (tanc lui), made him 

undergo fuch duref. 
Pcniblemcnr, with great 

pains. 
Penie (fans), withcut pu- 

nijJrinent. 
Pcnne, a pen. 
Pcnncr, a pen-cafe. 
Pcnra, ponra, foall tuke. 
Penre (faitez), caufe to be 

taken, 
N 2 P.n^ 



i8o P E 

Penfant, being grieved at, 
lamentiriz. 

Pcnferrcnc(cn),/« thought, 
Pcnfoicr (potius, puiire 

oier), may hear. 
Pent, depends^ depending. 
Penyble, painful. 
Pepul, people. 
Pcracconipt, fully ac- 

lompted. 
Per ainfi, in thefame man- 
ner. 
Peramont, above, 
Peranite, eternity. 
Per a per, peer for peer, 
Percer le denier (dc), io 
break the money to pieces. 
Perchemyn (un poj^ dcnk 
et), a little ink and 
parchment. 
Perchez, parchez, break- 

in'T do'ujn. 
Perclofe, the cGncluftcn. 
Perdanr, a ffff.rer, pre- 
judiced. 
Pcrdecca (nicnt plus), no 

more in this cafe. 
Per de ens, amon^^fl ther>i. 
Perdervers lui, about him. 
Perdefilr, lofe, Icfi. 
Perdez, lofs. 

Pere, peer (pettre de\ 

Jlingin'j^; one cf the fpcrts 

p-chibitcd by 1 2 liic. II. 

C.6. 

Pere niies (aV bare-leaved, 

PcregalcSj e^iuals. 



P E 

Pereies, peres, Jlones. 
pent au, praying to have, 
Perent, thereby. 
Percr, to appear. 
Peres, a peer. 
Peres, ftones, pearls, 
Perfere, to execute^ per- 
form. 
Perfez perners, by perni- 
cious aols. 
Pcrfitj perfect. 
Perfond, deep. 
Perforcera, fhall endea- 
vour. 
Pcrfre le jer jour (que 
fill:), zvho offers hin\felf 
the fir fi day. 
Peri, lojt life or limb, 
Perie (od), fet 'isjith ftones. 
pil de miere (en), in parts 

be)ond fca. 
Penis de garranties, perils 

la-'yird of '•jso/rranty. 
Peiira licns al chict" fcio:- 
niour del ice (nc), the 
chief lord cf the fee flmil 
not fuff'er. 
plrenc, vjere Icfi. 
Peris, damaged., fpoilt. 
Peris a fure (n les}, affeered 

by his peers. 
PcrifTe, be lofi^ depart 

from. 
J\^r!;)\ ^nent, prchngue. 
Pcrsr.itter ion loyal trials, 
■::.■/// not abide his law- 
ful trial. 

Perners, 



P E 

Perners, ferverfe. 

Pcrncz a mal, take ii a- 
7mfs. 

]*ert)le (p), by words. 

Peround, izihereby. 

pount, per unt, ivhere- 
fore. 

Per pays, fully fatisfied. 

Perpecre, made, pajjid. 

Perplede, to finiJJj, to de- 
cide, 

Perpretes, committed. 

Per qei oy, iyi as much as. 

Per qi, perque, ixjherefore. 

Perquili\e, fully colkoied 
or -paid. 

pquificons a mortnnayn, 
purcbafes in raortniain. 

Perre, precious fi ones. 

Perres (p ces), by his 
peers. 

Perrez, Pirers, Pirrcs, Pe- 
res, Pere, Peter. 

Perry (vine), hr.dj adul- 
terated -'^-'.ne, 

Pers, peers. 

Perlev^fyront, perceived. 

Perfonaument;, in pcrjon. 

r)fuy, purfue. 

Pert, part. 

Pert, appears. 

Pert ant, whereby^ thereby. 

Pcrtant (n'eft my), is not 
on this account. 

Pertie, part. 

Perveient, provide. 



P E i8i 

Peruch (la compaignie 
de), the PruJJian com- 
prmy. 

Per view, provided. 

Pervis, parvis, the outer 
court of a palace or greai 
hcufe \ a place where 
clients, when they want- 
ed -to be out of the noife 
and bujtle of fFefimin- 
ftcr-hall^ and to confult 
with their counfel, ufcd 
to meet. Such was the 
place in Palace-yard near 
IVefiminficr - halU men- 
tioned by Fortcfcue de 
Laud. Leg. Angl. r. 5 J . 
Dugdale alfo takes notice 
of the Prrvyfe of Paw- 
les. *' Formerly,'" fays 
he, "' each lawyer and 
'''• ferjeant, at his pillar 
" in St. PauPs church, 
*' heard his client's caufe, 
*' and took notes thereof 
*•• upon his knee'' Dugd. 
Orig. 19^. b. SeeGloj]'. 
X. Script. v.Tritonum. 
^he lowejl part of the 
church next to the north 
and fouth doors was alfo 
called the parvis ; a par- 
vis pueris ibi edoffis : 
andfcmeiimcs courts tem- 
poral were held there. 
Stavelefs Hijlory cf 
Churches., p. 137. 

N 3 Pery 



i82 P E 

Pery, ruined, 

Perz, lofs. 

Pes, pez, peace. 

Pes, breaji. 

Pes, pajlure* 

Pes (lour), /-&^/> /^f/. 

Pefantie, pefantce, animo- 
fity, refentment. 

Pefaunte, heavy, ponder- 
ous. 

Pefch, depojiures, 
. Pefchc, is faulty. 

Pefchie, p«!kerye, fijhery. 

Pefczer, to feed. 

Pefer debatz (de), to fet- 
tle differences. 

Pefes (trencher en), to cut 
in pieces. 

Ptfh (de), of the pajiure. 

Pefiblement, peaceably. 

Pefme, very wicked, worjl 
of all. 

Pefoit (li), propofed to 
him. 

Pcfs (de), in the piece. 

Feflant, feeding, dcpajlur- 
ing. 

Pefle d'etoillede lin (par\ 
for a piece of linen fluff. 

Pelions, peishens, pef- 
kons, fifh. 

Pefloncrs, fifhermen. 

Pcflounz (jours de), pef- 
ions^ fijh days. 

Pcilienr, \ic{\.vt, feed, 

Pclterelces, bakers, - 

PciicZj baked. 



P E 

Peftour, pefture, pefcour, 

a baker. 
Peftrine, bakehoufe. 
Peflzon, peflbn, maft, tbt 

fruit of afpecies of trees ^ 

called glandiferous cr 

maftbearing, as beech, 

oak, chefnut, l£c. 
Pet (un)j a crack. 
Petentes (lettres), letters 

patent, 
Petie, pcti, pity, mercy. 
Pctitement, little, eafiiy. 
Petitz gents, men of f mall 

value, 
Pettavin, a Piclavian. 
Peu, peuffauntz, able. 
Peu de greyn, fed luitb 

grain. 
Peult, peuft, inay. 
Peulx, peaux lanutz, wool- 

fels, 
Peurc, peuir,/^^r. 
Peure, take. 
Peufons, might. 
Peutre, pewter. • 

Pew, few. 
Pex, pitch. 
Pey de temps, a fljort 

time. 
Peygne, peynez, pains^ 

'penalties, 
Peynymes, Pagar^. 
Peys, vc eights. 
Peyfer, to weigh. 
Peyfuns, peafants, 

Peyte, 



p I 

Peyte, a fiece^ 

Pez, feet. 

Pheli, Philip, 

Phi las (de), from off the 
files. 

Phylatteries ; phylatteria, 
veffels and boxes made 
of gold, filver, ivory, or 
cryjtal, to keep the re- 
lics of faints and mar- 
tyrs. 

Pi, pie, plz, poux, a well. 

Pice, peas. 

Pi cca, already. 

Pices (Ibr leur), upon their 
pyxes. 

Pie de leal, foot of thtfeal. 

Piece (a y demorer un), 
t§ refide there fome time. 

Piece ad, piez ca, piecea, 
ja pieca, ja bone piece, 
lately, heretofore, hither- 
to, fome time Jlncc. 

Piece (grand), a great 
while. 

Piece (iunt alecs ja une), 
may he uniform. 

Pieche de tans, fpace of 
time. 

Piecza donez, lately grant- 
ed. 

Pied de mony, Jiandard 
or Jierling money. 

Pied puldreaux, a pedlar, 
frc;n whence the court of 
juftice, called the piepou- 
dre, is derived J or from 



P I 185 

the difpatcb given in 

this court, 
Pieg, deer, 
Piere, ^\tr, father. 
Pier, worfe. ■» 

Pier (le pluis), the worji. 
Pier, a tyler. 
Piere de leine, aflone of 

wool. 
Piere de la tiere, a peer of 

the land. 
Pieroit, fhould pay. 
Piers, pears. 
Piers, peers, equals. 
Piers, pieces. 
Piert, pierge, appears. 
Piert enemy, open enemy. 
Piete grand, great charity, 
Pieur, worfe. 
Piez, feet, 
Picz (la quelle en eft), 

which is as bad. 
PIges, pigs. 
Pigne, fl comb. 
Pigne, preigne, take. 
Pigne (qe an), who op' 

prefs, lay penalties on. 
PignerefTe, a carder of 

wool, 
Pignons, pen. 
pignotary, prothonctary, 
Piler, pilere, a pillar. 
Pliers, piles. 
Piles, pilets, bolts. 
Pilez, pillie, pilhe, pil- 
laged. 
Pille, plU^ that f.de of the 

N 4 c^in 



i84 PL 

coin zvbicb bears the 

heady crofs or file, a 

game. 
Pilous, made of hair. 
Pilot d'argcnt, a ftlver 

dart. 
Pindt (chambre de), the 

painted chamber^ the 

room ivhicb ivas a?iticnt- 

ly St. Edzvard's chamber. 
Pindeur, a fainter, 
Pinfons, pincers. 
Plotz (ne), cannot. 
Pipe (qe court en), 'ivhich 

is in charge in the pipe 

roil. 
Piques d'or, gilt fpurs. 
Pi re, a /lone. 

Pis, pille, pile, the brcaji. 
Pile de formage, weight 

of grain. 
Pifcs, piz, peas. 
Piffcnt, 7nay. 
Pifter ou brafier (a), to 

bake or brew. 
Pi [a u nee, allowance. 
Pile, piteus, pity., piety, 
Piteoulement, pitioufly. 
Piteux rt-gart, compajjion- 

ate regard. 
Pitje (uii), a fmall inclofed 

piece of land. 
Piz, pitch. 
Piz, itorfe. 
Pj. plaintiff. 
pla, qil plafl:, that he 

ivould talk. 



P L 

Place de t^rrQ,piecec>fland, 
Placquer (fait), caufed t9 

be placed., fixed. 
Plage, beatings firip^^t 

Jiroke., zvound. 
Plai (en), in full. 
Plain, plein (a), intirely, 
PJainemenr, fully. 
Plainer poour (ou), with 

full power. 
Plaifier (por mietz), for 

the better compromifing. 
Plait, plaid, //i:<7, proceed- 
ings ; alfo the fffembly 

ichere they were dtter- 

inined. 
Plait (en), empleaded, 
Plaiz, differences. 
Plane (dej, plainly. 
Plane {y^.)., fully. 
Plante(en ^^■nx), in great 

number. 
PlalTe, a town, hold, or 

fortrefs. 
Plat, metal, iron. 
Plate (de), coal of metal. 
Plate (le), gold or fihcr 

uncoined, bullion. 
Plauccs, plaufMe. 
Plauntes, planted, placed, 
Playe, a wound. 
Plaj'es Dieu (v), the five 

wounds of our Saviour. 
Playn, plein, plain, not 

guilty. 
Play plai (u), in a plea. 
pie, fpeaks or exprej'es. 

Pic, 



P L 

Pie, plea. 

Plead, plerra, pallpleafe. 

Pleafaunr, 'tc;^// liked. 

Pledent, hold flea of, 

Pledu, pleaded. 

Piegg (pi-ir), to take 
pledges, or furety. 

Pleggag'', furetyjhip. 

Plcin des perlones (en- 
countre rout), againji 
cdl manner of perfons. 

Pleinc (le), the plaintiff. 

Pleint (le g'-aiu), the 
greatejl part, 

P 1 e i in i e, complaint. 

Plcintivoule (fi), fo nu- 
merous. 

Pleiine, pleyne, con:plai::s. 

Plcit, plaint, complaint. 

Plenere, full. 

Plentc, plenty. . 

Piefuuncc (pur), for the 
pleafure, to pleafc. 

Plefir, 'mill, pleafure. 

Pleft, pic, y^\^'\?i,pleafe. 

Pier, plcit, plea. 

Pleu, plieii, pleafed. 

Pleve fa foi, pledged his 
faith. 

Plevys (lour), thofe "Jihofe 
pledges they are. 

Pleyn (plus a), more fully. 

P 1 e \' n a n c, plaintiff. 

Pleyndre ;ne fc elcreyent), 
may net be afraid fo com- 
plain.^ may not be tired 
out zvith cornp'uining, 

Pleytr) c, poultry. 



P L 185 

Pleytz, pleas, plaints, com- 
plaints, 

Plez (fale dt),hall of pleas. 

Piia, placed, joined toge- 
ther, 

Plien, pline, /////. 

Plieu, pleafed. 

Plieur, pleafure. 

PI in (de), completely, fully, 

\'\\'Ci, plight. 

Plite, pluit, plait. 

Pioaft, ploet, pkafes. 

Pioite des belogncs (pour 
les), for the difpatch of 
the bufinefs. 

Ploranres, lamentable. 

Plot, // rains. 

Pioy (fur le), on the fold- ' 
ing up., the label. 

Pluis, more, moreover, fur- 
ther. 

PI ui Iceftre, furthcrmcre. 

Pluis puiinc, tnuch later. 

Plum, lead. 

Plum DCS, leaden caldrons, 
leaden pipes. 

Plume, featisers. 

Plumcr bruere, to cut 
hcjJh. 

Plunger, to intrude. 

Plus, furplus. 

Plus pres qu'il pourra 
etre f.ic (dc famble 
efu^x au), of the fame 
quc'l.ty, or as nh > .is 
may be. 

Pluionii (^a), to Je- r\:'. 



1^6 



P O 



Pluftoft (de), immediately* 

'Plux grant, much greater, 

pnetZj take. 

Po, pou, poi, pol, a little, 

Poaer, power, pojfe. 

Poant, could. 

Poart (ne), cannot. 

Pochier (le), the thumb, 

Poeimes (nous), "jue could, 
we mig^t. 

Poent, can. 

Poer, poeir, poair, power, 
force, authority, Jlrength; 
realm, territory, jurif- 
di^ion; fear^ ability. 

Peer (a renable), at a rea^ 
fonable rent. 

Peer mi (ne), could not, 

Poes, can, 

Poeft, power. 

Poet, behaviour. 

Poet mye pyre (no), can- 
not be worfe. 

Poeur, fear. 

Poey (ne), cannot. 

Poeyt {i€),fhould take ef- 
fect. 

Poi, little, 

Poi, more. 

Poi (a), at leajl -, well. 

Poi des ans (en), within 

a few years, 
Poiart, may, 
Poiement, payment. 
Poier, poiar, power, fear^ 
jurif di^ion. 



P O 

Poles (j^^r), for fear. 
Poietz tout (vous), you 

put the whole. 
Poigne, poine (en), in his 
handy in hand, paid dozvn. 
Poindre, to paint. 
Poinons, pendants. 
Poins, poinne, pains, pe- 
nalties, punifhment. 
Point (ou), in the condi- 
tion. 
Pointe (mettront), endea- 
vour. 
Pointes, pointz, fingers. 
Pointes tretables, draw- 
bridges ^. 
Points, poins, poinz,^^z///j', 

articles. 
Points, poinflz (potius), 

ponts, bridges. 
Poir (quatre), four pair. 
Poires, peas. 

Pois (pur), for the weight, 
Poifa (nous), dffeds us. 
Poifages (les), the weigh- 
ing. 
Poifant coer (avoir), to be 
pff ended at, to bear re- 
fentment. 
Pois-apres, foon after- 

ivards. 
Poilcans, puiflfant, powtr- 

ful, able. 
Poifts, weights. 
Poifes couciiantz, weights 
couching. 



Voxxxii, poutttcs, 2 Pari. PvolU 218, pet. 5] 



Poire£j 



P o 

Poifes, poifee, weighed t 
confidered. 

Poifiz (fur le), in the 
weighing' 

Poiflance, power. 

Poiffantz (eft), is pcjfejjed 
of. 

PoilTe, could. 

Poifures (lour), ihcir 
weighing. 

Poix (le), ihejijl. 

Pol, Poul, Pou, Paul. 

Polail, poultry. 

Polentiers (les), malt- 
makers. 

Poleyns, poleine, pul- 
leyns, colts. 

Police (p), l^y. 

Polls (a), to the poll. 

Polriel'me taire, could do. 

Polrons (que nous), that 
we can. 

Poltaire, poker, polentier, 
poulterer •, the officer in 
the king's kitchin who 
has the charge of the 
poultry. 

Polx, the thumh. 

Volz, Jkin. 

Polz (al), the pill. 

Pomadre, powder. 

Pomelx defpeies, pommels 
for fwords. 

Poms (rous), we can. 

Ponce, hand. 
Pondage, poundage. 
J^ondtur (ic), the weight. 



P Q 187 

Pondre,pounder, a weight, 

the fame as the aunceL 
Pont (ne), cannot. 
Pont freint, Fontefra^, 
Ponz, bridges. 
Pool, pooir, poor, per, 

power. 
Pooires (le), the power, 
Pooit, may. 

Pooms, we may, might.' 
Poons (ne), we cannot. 
Poofts, pffis. 
Poour, fear. 

Populaires, common, infe- 
rior people. 
Por, po-wer , jurifdicl ion. 
Por, on account of^ for. 
Por ce, therefore, 
Por ce que je a parfiui 
(e), and as foon as I 
perceived. 
Por ceu kil, becaufe that 

it. 
Por le tot, fcr the whole, 
Por quei, wherefore. 
Porcarv, a hogfiy. 
Porccitre, Pcrchcfler. 
Porchers, fzvineherds. 
Pore ion Lir (a), to appor- 
tion. 
Porcoi, why. 

Porterra, fjall provide, de- 
termine. 
Porgilcr, progifer, purgi- 
fcr. to lay with, violate^ 
defic, 

Poriroic 



iS8 



P O 



Poriroit (ne), couU not. 

Porles, pearls, 

Porom mie (ne), cctildnot. • 

Porporr, purport, 

Porpriies (unt), have made 
a purprejlnre upon. 

Poneymes cltre (ne), can- 
nct he, 

Porftor, pod'djfor, 

Pr^rfiff , pcpjjed. 

Port (li), ibe ports. 

Porte (avcc), with the lofs. 

Porte paix, the pax for the 
holy kifs. In the pri- 
mitive times, in the eajl- 
ern countries, a ceremony 
"-jjas ufed by the Chrijt- 
ians after divine fervice 
ended, to kifs cne an- 
other, as a token of mu- 
tual a?nily and peace : 
to ccntinue and perform 
vjhich cuftom ijsith more 
convenience and decency, 
in after -times, this in- 
vention luas devifed, viz. 
a piece of wood or metal, 
with the plblure ofChriJl 
upon it, was folemnly ten- 
dered to all the people pre- 
fent to kifs ; this was call- 
ed cfculatorium, or the 
pax, tu f.gnify the peace, 
unity, and amity, of all 
the faithful, who in that 
wanner, by the medium 
of the pax, kiffed one an- 



V O 

other. Mat. Paris tells 
us, that, duru{^ the ^reat 
dtjftrence between Henry 
the Second ai/d his tur- 
bulent archbifhop Tho- 
mas Becket, Rex ofcii- 
lur/i pads dare archie- 
pifcopo negavit. Mat. 
Paris, [ 17. ylnd ho- 
lingjhed fays, that the 
king refufed to kifs the 
pax with the archbifhop 
at mafs, Holingped in 
anno ii^^o. Utaveley, 
191. 

Portelmue, Portfmouth. 

Portetz, brought. 

Porton, fhare. 

Porvcrra, fjjall provide, de- 
termine. 

Porvoijince, providence, 

] \) fe , prevented, fettled. 

Poier, to put que/lions, 

Pofcz, put, fet at. 

Pofonis, fuppofe, or put 
the cafe. 

Poiles (en), in pulfe. 

Pofrez (jours), times ppff- 
ed, 

Poiioiile (la), the pope. 

Pot, can. 

Poture, puture, a claim 
made by forejiers cfpro- 
vifions from thofe who 
lived within the pur- 
lieus of the forejl, 

Pou (fi), fo little. 

Povairc, 



P o 

Povaire, povare, ■poiMcr. 
Ponces, fingers. 
Pouchon, puncheon, 
Poudre de oifeaus et poif- 

fons, ferny e of birds and 

fifhes, 
Poue Defcofe fla), the 

poor people of Scollajid, 
Poverail del eynec (la), 

the poor people in the 

neighbourhood. 
Pouers, povre, poverez, 

poor\ poverty. 
Pouerte, poverty. 
Povira (en quanque il), 

/';/ as much as fjall be in 

his pfj-jocr. 
Poulare, po-tuder. 
l*oul, Paul. 

PoLilcc, forefinger, hand. 
Pouldrcux, (it{i;y. 
Ponies, ivcu'ds. 
Poults, poultcr, fouUiy; 

a -poulterer. 
Pounagc, pannage. 
Voiin(oncz^po-ivJacd,fpCi- 

ted. 
Pounr, a bridge. 
Pour de mort, fear of 

death. 
Poure, pour, pcnv/er, 

po-i'jcr, force. 
Pourar homes, poor rien. 
Pour chivaiier, pccrkv.'git. 
Pour civju ke, beca:ifi\ 
P.jU.'cs, poor people, 
PourhcCj prcU'id. 



P O 1^9 

Pourkach, pourkars,pour- 
chack, procurement. 

Pouriefle, fearlefs. 

PoLirmener, to go, cr 'xalk 
about. 

Pourj^nfer, to drjife, 

PoLirpoins (en Icur), in 
their coat-armour, zvi/h 
their arms, 

Pourquoy, on ivhich ac- 
count. 

Pourfigre, to prcfecitte. 

Pouryfremcnc, impoverifjj- 
ment. 

Pous,fij?ge?'s. 

Pous (la), the poor pfo^^k. 

Pons (p:'.r le), by the inch; 
the thumb's breadth. 

Powtcrenr leur lealx, put 
their fcals. 

Po\\?it,pc.^ver,jurifd!^ion. 

Pout, may. 

Pout (nel, could not. 

Poutyns, poucins, pullets. 

PoutZj poiTiVs (dcuxj, tUJJ 
pn'T-ers, inches. 

Jo ' 

l^owcr, pr.cr. 

Powers (a), to the poor, 

Powcrc (^)cr noz), by our 

father. 
Pov, a little. 
Poy (tout a), very nearly 

the farnc^ abnoit the 

ivhole of^ all but a Uttk. 
Poy fait (a^, Vttlc prctufed. 
Poy er pr*r noy (p:.r), by 

little and Utile. 

Poy 



T90 P R 

Poy denk (un), a Utile ink. 
Poy a diie (un), to fay a 

word or two, 
Poy de ly (mult), very 

lightly of him, 
Poy de temps (par moult), 

a very fhort time. 
Poy voet vivere par Toy 

mermes(qa), which can 

fupport itfelf. 
Poye vaut, worth hut little. 
Poye (a), at leaji. 
Poycr de countce, the poffe 

comitatus. 
Po\ er de la mort, fear of 

death. 
Po) n, poygne, a hand. 
Poynes, penalties^ pains'. 
Voynne^ pains, trouble. 
Poyntes, pins. 
Poynt ne, cannot. 
Poyuunt, pay. 
Poys, weight. 
PoySj peas. 

Poys (de), of confeojience. 
Poyfe, thinks. 
l^oyfe (lui), affeBs him. 
Poyfent pluis, are of a 

deeper die. 
Pozc, placed. 
Pfa, may. 
Praefcflion, appointin;^^ 

making. 
Praigne, prange, take. 
Praile des alTifes (la), the 

taking affifes. 
Prail'mes, took* 



P R 

Pre (plus), nearer. 

Prechourez, preachers, 

Pr^er (de), to hefeech, 

Prees, meadows. 

Preerent (nos), befeeched us, 

Preeft (al), at the meadow, 

Pref(a), to prove. 

Prefaire, to perfe5f. 

•Prei, meadow. 

Preints (que Ten), that 
there is inferted, put, 

Preier (a la), at the prayer, 

Preies, preyes, booty, plun- 
der. 

Preignans affaires, preffmg 
affairs, 

Preignaunce, preffingytak- 
ing. 

Preis, price. 

Preife, acquainted, inform- 
ed, 

Preifer, to appraife. 

Pr e i iTe ( m oy ) , /' plead, 
infiji. 

Frchce, prized, commended, 

PreilToins, had taken. 

Preill (le), may be taken, 

Preidr (les), took them. 

Premerem (le), the firfi, 

Premefies, proinifes. 

Premis, promijcd. 

Premiftrent, will promife. 

Prcndrans en bon gree 
(un)> a taking in good 
part. 

prendre (pur), to under- 
take, 

5 Preng- 



P R 

Prengnoflatz, take» 
Prent (luy), takes himfelf, 
Prente (le), the imprejfion, 
Pt'enyCypreigne, preagent, 

apprehend^ take^ 
Prererre, prayer. 
Pres, prefented. 
Pres (de), near, 
Pres (plus), as near. 
Pres nulles {bicn) ^ fcarce 

any. 
Pres (fi), as near, as well as, 
Prefchanntz, perfuading. 
Prefchein, preceding. 
Prefchein, next. 
Prefeance, precedence. 
Prefentaines, prefented. 
Prefente, prefentee.. 
Prel'entez, prefantz, pre- 

fent. 
Prefentment, prefentation. 
Prefone, prifon. 
Prefs (fur un), en a pre- 
fentment. 
Prefs la def (de), to pre- 

fent the defeat. 
Prefiieux, precious. 
Preft, took. 
Preft, made. 
Preft, borrowed^ ready, a 

loan. 
Preft (de), borrowed on. 
Preft (Ion), ivhat he lent. 
Pre ft a (luy), lent to him, 
Preilaige, priejlhood. 
Prefte lur aver *, lent their 

money, 
^ A-:r, in the Suit, of AftOR B 



P R .191 

Prefter (me), to accommo- 
date me with, 

Preft ier (a), to borrow. 

Vrc^n\Qnt{\MQy proof ready 
at hand. 

Prefz, preftez, prefe, ready,. 

Pretend, forethought. 

P'retenfez reignez, pre- 
tended reigns. 

Preud home, preux, great 
men ; a valiant tnan. 

Preue, pren, weal^ projit; 
advantage. 

Prcvement, pvementes, 
privately. 

Prever, to take a view of 
beforehand. 

Previpfe, private feal, 

Prevulmes, intended, 

Preyer, to pray, 

VvtytT., fpoil. 

Preymes, preimes, preiP 
mes, took, 

Prez, prayers. 

Pri (vus), I pray you. 

Pri, prient (li), fo prays, 

Prie,. takes. 

Prie (de), -morfe. 

Prier, to -pray ^ int er cede for,- 

Pries (la), the taking. 

Prigner, to take. 

Priggaute, parity. 

Prime (a heur de), at one 
o\lock. 

Primer apres (tot a), im- 
mediately after, foon af- 
ter. 

iinc!, li edit, is tranflated, ^<>pi/f 

Primcremcnt,, 



192' P R 

IVimerernent, in the firji 
pJace^ efpccially. 

Primerime (nonante), 
ninety-cne. 

Primerme dcviTe (a la), at 
the fir Jl court. 

Primpt (im), in the twi- 
light. 

Princee de Capes, princi- 
pality of Capua. 

Prinche, prince, 

Principalement, efpecially, 

Principallee de Ceftre, 
principality of Chejler. 

Principakce, principalfhip^ 
head of a hall. 

Prins, prinfcs, taken from. 

Print, he takes. 

Prioritie, priory. 

Prioure de mort, fear of 
dealh. 

Pris fus, taken up, under- 
took. 

Pris (fur le), upon the 
price. 

Pris de gnerre (les), the 
prifor.ers of war. 

Pris (plus), the more rea- 
dily. 

Pris, may *. 

Prife (nous), concerns us. 

Prifel, a taking \ alfo a 
condition., acceptance. 

Priler, to value, appraife. 

Priferunt (qui), who ap- 
praifed. 

Pnles qu, droit, lefs value 
* Potius/zy;.'. Rot. Fail. vol. 



P R 

than they ought to he of. 

Prilbns, prifoners. 

IVift, a loan. 

Prill, borrowed. 

Prift (de), by borrowing on 
loan. 

Prift (Ic), was taken. 

Priderent a mayn (ilz), 
they undertook for. 

Prifteront repons, received 
anfwers. 

Priderount enfemble(fey), 
affembled together. 

Priltre (fe"*, were performed. 

Priftine (fergeant), fer- 
jeant of the bakehoufe. 

Prifun, prifon. 

Priu, purru, deflowered, 

Prium, we pray. 

Privables, liable to depri- 
vation. 

Privez, people of cur own 
nation. 

Privites (les), the Jecrets. 

Probation (pur la),/(?r the 
proving. 

Procain, next, 

Proces, porks. ■ 

Prodi jour, next day, 

Prochainement,precheine- 
mQm, fpeedily, la/}, next, 

Prochenient, immediately, 

Procheynete, prochcnite, 
proximity, nearncfs. 

Procier (cela), that pro- 
ceeded. 

Procindc, precinol. 
I. p. z-jb. per. 1 6. Hale's MS. 

Procure, 



P u 

Procure, a pro5lor. 

Prodance, prudence. 

Prode, produced. 

Proder, to go out of, 

Prodes, probes hommes, 
boneji men, 

Prodes homes, the Mag- 
nates and Grands of 
the counties y the military 
tenants^ the ivife difcreet 
men of the nation ; alfo 
men weU-affe5fed. 

Prodome, a man of fome 
note. 

Profites (les), the advan- 
tagesy benefits. 

Progaine, progeny. 

Progifer, to ravifh, 

Proiere, prayer, 

Prois, prayed. 

Prois, proved. 

Proifmes, near. 

Prolation (la), the pro- 
nouncing, giving. 

Prologner, to prolong. 

Promes, promife. 

Promegons (vous), ive 
promife you. 

Pron, neighbour. 

Prons, ready. 

Pronunciation, fentence, 
decree. 

Pronunciall le dit parle- 
ment, declared the caufe 
of calling the faid par- 
liament. 



P R 193 

Pronunciement (en temps 
de), at the time of pro- 
nouncing. 

Propier, like to fuffer, 

Propitz, favourable, 

Propos, purpcfe. 

Propremcnt (fa fals), his 
own proper hall, 

Proroignement, proroga- 
tion, prolongation. 

Prpfme, a neighbour. 

Prou,proun,?««f<6, enough, 
a great deal, 

Proute, ready., quick. 

Prouz, proved. 

Provable errour, a mani- 
fejiy a juft or juftifiable 
error. 

Provabiement, plainly. 

Provablement attain t,/'ri'- 
vabh attainted., i. e. up- 
on manifefl evidence. 

Provabks (ceux pleas 
funt), the fe pleas arc to 
be proceeded in. 

Provant (en), in proving. 

Prouaire, apricft. 

Proudhomme,proudon:iys, 
prudonne (fur 
la), on the probity, pru- 
dence. 

Prove (de), of the pro- 
bate. 

Provenant, arif.ng. 

Provenders, provifrSypre- 
bendaries. 
O Proven- 



194- P U ' 

Pro vend re, a prebend. 
P rover, to improve, 
Proverifon, impoverijh- 

ment. 
Provers hommes, poor 

men. 
Provilent, Jhould prove, 
Provoll:, the provojl, the 

lord of the vill\ the 

reeve or hayliff of the 

hing^ or of the lord of 

the manor. 
Prowe, pron, prevc, prcn, 

pru, profit y advantage. 
Pfoyt, may. 
Prud omes, great men. 
Prudum, an honeji man. 
Pruerount, fJjall approve. 
Prumeiremcnt, in the fir ji 

place, 
Prufchanament pafiee, lafi 

paji. 
Pruvance, proofs evidence, 

property. 
Pruys, PruJTia. 
Pry, proper^ advifealle. 
Pry (vous), I pray, I be- 

feech yen. 
Pryemes. tcok. 
Pryne, lak.;ig. 
ps, pris, taken. 
pts, lofs. 
]*u, mere, 

]\ic i 1 1 age, virginity, 
I'ucyns, chickens. 
Pue et pue (al), hy little 

and In tie. 

I 



P U 

Pueent (il ne), they may 
not. 

Pueent pas (ne), cannot, 

Pueplier, to publifjj. 

Puer, pure, 

Vut%,fed. 

FucSffpoiled, trodden down, 

Pues, afterwards. 

Puet eftre, // might be, 

Puet (ne), cannot. 

Puet unqore, is yet de- 
pending, 

Pueuble, people. 

Puft Ten dire, one might 
anfwer. 

Pugny, punifloed. 

Puir (potius pair), pa- 
ternoflers, a pair of 
paterncjlersy firings of 
beads for the priejls., &c. 
to number their prayers 
by. In one of the ca- 
nons made at a provin- 
cial fyncd in 8 1 6, where 
Wulfrudy Abp. of Can- 
terbury preftded, we meet 
vsith VII Beltidum Pa- 
tsrncfler, which feems t$ 
imply that they had in 
that age a certain num- 
ber of finds fnfiened inta 
ihdr belts, or girdles, 
vjhich were then iifed, as 
firings of beads now are, 
for the numbering of 
their prcyers, but wth 
this 



FU 

this difference^ that the 
Jiuds 'were all of onefize\ 
and that every one of 
them flood for a fater- 
nofler ; whereas the mo- 
dern fafhion is^ to have 
leffer beads^ which Jiand 
for Ave Maries, to one 
larger ^ which fiands for 
a'paternofer. John ion's 
Canons, 8 J 6. 

Pulfre, a briiife^ fwelling^ 
fear J wound. 

Puljes efpcrncrs, young 
hawks. 

Pullcyns, colts. 

Pulter, a poulterer. 

Pulter et catour (fergeanr), 
ferjeant of the poultry 
and of the eatery. 

Pukcri, poultry. 

Pune, ycungefi, 

Punee (une), a younger 
daughter. 

Punees, youngefi fons. 

Punier, to punijh. 

Puoblcs Criltiens, Chri- 
ftian people. 

Puour, flench. 

Pupj)lier, to pulUfh. 

Pur, by. 

i'uralle, puraille, poral, 
purlieu, perambulation. 

Pur areftier, to arrcji. 

Pur ceo qe, from the time 
tkat. 



V U 195 

Pur coe que, forafmuch 

as. 
Pur coi, whereby. 
Pur que./(?r which. 
Pur chou ke,becaufe that. 
Purche, therefore. 
Purtant cum, as long as. 
Purtant qe, to the intent 

that, 
Purceynte, purfeyntej^r*?- 

cinh., 
VmcXi^ purchafer. 
Purcharrent, proceeded. 
Purchas de courts, per- 

quifites of courts. 
Purchas (t-n Ic), in the de- 
mand cf the writ. 
Purchas demeyn (en fon), 

of his own demanding. 
Purchas (tout), all his ac- 

Qiiifitions. 
Puree, ajcertained. 
Pur fit, on the fides. 
Purgacon, cleanfng. 
Purge, purgation. 
Purgyfer, to deflowery t& 

defile^ to violate. 
Purjace, pur chafed. 
Purjoiner, to pit off". 
Puriheynoite, ^rcthono- 

tary. 
Purpail, a conference^ a 

trcaiy. 
Purpar lance (fur), upon a 

cohfcrenc:'y condition. 
Purparler, purp-iiiancc, 

O 2 pur- 



196 P u 

purparks, puralc, a 
•peramhulation. 
Purparler, to difcourfe of, 
Purpcnfe, prepenfe, fore- 

thought. 
Purpernant, ajfuming. 
Purportaft, pirportedy dic- 
tated. 
Purpofe, fet forth, alledg- 

ed, declared, propofed. 
Ptirpreignes, makes afur- 

prejlure on. 
Purprcftour, he that makes 

the purprejiure. 
Purpris, taken, purprifed. 
Purpull, purple. 
Purres, adulterated. 
Purris, rotten, damaged. 
Purrois lieu (en), in a 
place full of putrefaC' 
iion. 
Purrull, deflowered. 
Piiriauve, profecuted. 
Purfourver, to furvey. 
Purfuant, profecutor. 
Purfuer (de), to profecute, 
Purfui, pur chafe, obtain. 
Purfuit (en la), in the pre- 

cinli. 
PurfuoLint, have fued, ap- 

pH-d for. 
Purtenand, appertaining. 
Purtrere (la nianere dc), 
the manner of drawing 
it cut. 
Purus, provided. 



P U 

Purvcauncc de Dieu,^r^- 

vidence of God, 
Purveier, purvoier, pur- 
ver, purveer, to pro- 
vide. 
Purvey, purview, pur- 
vieus, purveu, purw, 
provided. 
Purvele, ball of the eye. 
Purvenauntz, arifing. 
Purveyance, purview. 
Purvieu, purveu, provi- 
fion, condition, ordinance, 
fiatute. 
Pus, puz, puis, after. 
Pus, afterwards, Jince, 
Pufams (quant nus les), 

at her efpoufals, 
Pufance, power, 
Pufeit, he may. 
Pufel, a maid, a virgin, A 

damfel, a little girl, 
Pufelage, virginity. 
Pus Ve.,fince that. 
Pus qui, after that. 
Puflum, can, may. 
Puft, put, puift,/(?i. 
Pufture, homage. 
Put, ugly, homely, difhonefi. 
I'utage, adultery, whore- 
dom, 
Putaine, putiene louee, a 
hired concubine, an har- 
lot, 
Putej, a well, 
Puthois, putois, a Ful- 
mar t, 

Pu- 



Future, pufture, poture. 
See Poture. 

Puy (mult), much worfe^ 
very lightly. 

Puys (homage), fure ho- 
mage. 

Puyer, to bear up^ to fup- 
port. 

Puyr, pure. 

Puys, a well, a watery or 
002y place. 

Puys apres, foon after- 
wards. 

Puys (de), Jince. 

Puyt afiettes byen, might 
•very well. 

Py, pie, pys, the hreaji. 

Pye, worfe. 

Pye (de), on foot. 

Pyghcnoute, pendant. 

Pyndes d'ivory, iijory 
combs. 

q, who, when, that, 

Qu, for. 

Q^, a farthing. 

Qare lou, whereas. 

Q, d. non, certainly not, 

qr, quarter. 

Qant, when, as. 

Qanpeyne, that fcarce. 

Qar-qare, quair,/?^. 

Qarant Ibidz (deinz), 

within forty flnllings, 
Qe, who. 
Qeconqcs, zvbatfoever. 



QJJ 197 

Qcle meyfon, what houfe. 
Qenu enfeuerent, confe- 

quence would be. 
Qefl, who is. 
Qcftes, who are, 
Qeu, that. 
Qj^ (de), whofe. 
01 de ceo, what's that to 

the purpofe, 
Q[ fi, fuppofe that, 
Qi (Ion), his cries. 
(^illoms de fa couilome 

(et), and the coUe Sling 

his ci'.fioms. 
Qiqe lieu, in whatfoever 

place. 
Q[qe Ibit, zvh ether it be. 
Qoer (vour elL-^eroicnt 

de), heartily thank you. 
Qoi, what with. 
Qore ell, who n')zv is, 
Qiia (li),/^ that. 
Quacorte, fourteen, 
Quader, to relate. 
Quanch il aveir, all that 

he had, 
Qiianque, whatfoever, all 

that. 
Qtiant et quant, forth- 
with. 
Qiiancieme, the zvhole 

quantity. 
Quantqe (en), in as r,:uch 

as. 
Quantreft, whatfoever is, 
Quantz, how much. 
O 3 Qua- 



igS . Q U 

Qiiaquil, nil, whoever. 

Quare, qunr, for. 

Quareil de arte, ou dc 
flecchc, a trial cfjkill at 
fc/tcing cr JJjooting. 

Quarelme, querefma (de- 
my, mii), midlent» 

Quarkes, oaks. 

Quarre de le main, the 
back of the hand. 

Qiiarreaux, ciifoions, 
couches. 

Qiiarreur, a fquarc* 

Quarrier, a quarry. 

Quart, takes, carries. 

Qtiarters (par), by turns, 

Quartier (par un), by 
turns, in rotation. 

Quartrover (decoller et), 
beheaded and quartered. 

0^1 i (Tent z, qudfrjedy an- 
nulled. 

Qiiaterable, cuarterahle. 

Qiiatreble (tiu), in four 
times. 

Quatrufze, fourteen. . 

Qiiattezime juar, fourth 
day. 

Qiiaunt, ivhrn, as much 
as, as to, hcd) much. 

Ouaunt (et ne p), arid yet, 
ne-'jcrthe'iffs. 

Qi'aus deytas (las), which 
faid. 

Quay (par), ly which 
mean:, zvherefore. 



Q u 

Que, which, whether. 
Que (pour), /or which* 
Qiie (de), of it-hich. 
Qiier, qucy (de), whereof. 
Queilletzcs, colle^cd. 
Queift, Jhould feek. 
Quelnit, cruelly. 
Quellz genz, whatfoever 

people. 
Quen, in what. 
Quen breve, what writ. 
Quen (outre), over which. 
Quen-part, wherefoever. 
Quena, a woman. 
Quene marchaundie, but 

one merchandife. 
Quens de Flanders, count 

cr earl of Flanders. 
Qt-ienz, earl. 
Qiieor, queur, quoer, quer, 

queer, quier, heart, af 

fe3ion. 
Qucquej although. 
Qiier, leather, Jkin, hide. 
Qiier dcners,/(jr/)' pence. 
Qiier, queor (en niye le), 

in the middle of the choir. 
Qucr doner .^rewarded, pro- 
vided for. 
Que re, which, 
Ouerc (a), to go for, to get. 
Quciv hors, go cut of. 
Querela (de la), of the 

GuarreL contention, party. 
Querele (par), by which 

means. 
Qucreler niic\iz (c\ and 
provide 



provide for themfilves 
better. 

C^erer, queur, quercz, 
querre, quer, to get, ob- 
tain, to enquire yfeek for, 
beg y fetch y bring over. 

Querefleres, choirijiers, 

Qu erf age, wharfage. 

Querge (le), let him feek 
him. 

Qiierle (de), to feek him. 

Querefme, Lent. 

Querrer, a quarry. 

CJuerrour, a digger of 
ftones. 

(^er fon viver, to get his 
living. 

Queft (la), the inquefi. 

Qiieft (le), the which. 

Quelle, which is.' 

C^etmcnt, quietly. 

Quecs, watch, guards. 

Queue de vin, <3 veff el con- 
taining about a hogJJjead 
and half of wine. 

Queve, quevi (Idles en 
double), fealed by affix- 
ing the fcal to a laid. 

Queul (le), which. 

Queulloienr, celled. 

Queurt, he fearches. 

CXieux (de), of whom. 

Oucx, which, who, what. 

(^icy, what. 

Ouc)-^, keys, wharfs. 

Qu i d a u n c e , bdic I'ing, 
thi:;!:ing. 



Q.U 199 

Quiders, thoughts, opinion. 

Quidrsi, Jhall think. 

Quie, whereas. 

Quier, the heart. 

Quieur (les), which. 

Quiex (a), to whom. 

Quil, he who. 

Quilage, colle^ion. 

Quillers d'or, gilt fpoons. 

Quillours, quiliburs, col- 
lectors. 

Quin, which, who. 

Q_iiind:s et requindz, the 

■ fifth part of the price of 
the feudal ejiate fold, 
and a fifth of that fifth. 

Qiiinqueal foit li (par), at 
any time. 

Quinz, quenz, earl. 

Quinzen (uvl), fifteen days. 

Quinzifme, every fifteenth 
day. 

Qtiirre, quiver, copper. 

Quirs, quivres,yA/;/j, lea- 
ther. 

Qiiis, quife, quiz, fought, 
fcarched for, drawn 
cut, entered up. 

Qiiifent {(.\uc)^who expcfe 
to faie. 

Quilies, quious, luttocks. 

Quiil, he fearches. 

CHlir, hukcd. 

Qutcclaniaunce, a ;v- 
Icaje. 

Quitenient, entirely. 
4 Q;i;ric> 



200 R U 

Qiiitie, acquits. 
Quirtain (la) quittance, 

the acquittance, 
Quive, end, tail. 
Qui lie, collc5f. 
Quo, who. 
Qiioer, heart. 
Qiioer (ne ferons mie a 

eefe de), Jhall not reji 

fatisjied. 
Qlio', who has. 
Quont, when. 
Quotes, quotas. 
Quoue. quo, the tail of an 

animal. 
Quount, which have. 
Qiioy, look ye. 
(^uoy (p), how, by what. 
Qux (le). which. 
Qjyke, quick, living. 
(^}u\m, fifth. 
Ouyr (Ir), /Z^^ leather. 
Quyvre, quirre, quyur, 

copper. 
Q\vargh, qwerf, a wharf. 
Qv, who. 

r r<?^7^;/ ; to anfwer, 

Rv, received. 

Rcc, recovery, fhall reco- 
ver. 

rn, fns fen), /« anfwering. 

Ro, ronn, anfwer. 

Roncfre, rcndre, rourre, 
to anfwer, 

Ru, ^/I'f^. 



R A 

Raancon, ranfontf exemp- 
tion. 

Raap de Lewes, the rape 
of Lewes. 

Rabbaifer, rabbatre, to. 
beat down, pull down, 

Racentz, roots. 

Races, rafes, pulled down. 

Rachapz, reliefs, 

Rac hater, to redeem, buy 
out, repurchafe. 

Racinetter, to take root. 

Radons, articles. 

Racourcir, to fink toge- 
ther, 

Rad, firm, fiable, alert, 

Raempler, to fulfil. 
Raencons, raancons, ran- 

foms. 
Raenpli, jfM. 
Rajes de la meer, rage of 

the fea. 
Raiin, branches. 
Raimbre, to reft ore. 
Rain (par) et par bafton, 

per annul urn et virgam, 

by a ring and rod, wandy 

crft'ff. 
Raind.re hors de prifon 

(pur luy), to ranfom 

him out of pr if on. 
Raine, queen. 
Raifins, roots. 
Raifnaablc, reafcnable. 
Raifon {bnd), fpeedy juf 

ticc. 

Raith, 



R A 

Raith, reth, a term made 
ufe of in IVales, andftg- 
nifies an oath taken by 
three hundred men, 

Rakkyng de draps, rack- 
ing of cloth, 

Ralongement, -prolonga- 
tion. 

Rama, full of boughs, 

Ramage, wild^ untamed, 

Ramens, ramans, ramures, 
boughSi branches. 

Ramcntcns, remembered, 
recommended to. 

Ramettre, to replace, 

Ramilles, fmall twigs. 

Rampas, Rampau, Palm- 
Sunday, 

Ramys, replaced, fixed on 
again. 

Rancumpanne, cloth not 
well fulled^ dreffed. 

Rancunes, rancors. 

Rangeous, rancorous. 

Raof, Raoul, Ralph. 

Raofon (par), by reafon, 
by means of. 

Rapelees, revived. 

Rapt, fnatched, forced. 

'R2i(t,fhaven. 

Rafez, firiked. 

Rafez (dras), ruffe t cloths. 

Rafoure, a rafure. 

Rafle, erafed. 

Rafure de os, fracture of 
a bone* 



R E 



201 



Rate del temps (pur le), 
for the proportion of 
time. 

Rail be, robbed. 

Ravefti, invefled, 

Ravift, ravifhed^ took away 
with force. 

Rauncener, ranfomed. 

Ravoms, have recovered, 

Ravoquement, revocation* 

Ray, le ray, the array or 
panel of the jury, 

Ray i^robe de), robe of 
ruffet cloth. 

Raytz, nets. 

Re, king. 

Read, realc, had again. 

Real chemin (en le), in 
the king's highway. 

Reale dignite, regal dig- 
nity. 

Reafon, reafon^ a^^ title. 

Reatt, reattachment. 

Reavera (ne), fhall not 
have again, 

Reau, reverend. 

Reaume, reaugme, reame, 
realm. 

Rebatables, may le ob- 
jetled to^ refufed. 

Rebataunce (!a), the low- 
ering^ the abating. 

RebauderoiE, fjoii.d reek- 
liver. 

Rebeaux, rebealx, re'jci:::^ 
rebels, dfohedic-r/,. 



202 RE 

/ Rebellite, rebellion. 
Kcbete, rcbote, reject ed^ 

put back^ put out. 
Keboter, rebutter, re- 

boutei:, to put back, to 

bar, repel. 
Rebour, a robber. 
Kebuquiz, rebuked, dif- 

countennnced. 
Rec, recovered. 
Keccimes, received, 
Reccouit, record. 
Recebo<!atz> receive, 
Kecehantz, refiants. 
Receit, receives, 
Receiventerre, to receive. 
Reccllcment, withdraw- 
ing bimfclf. 
Rectnieir.cnr, a muftering. 
Rcccrailenr, jhould receive. 
Kt;ce{raeurs dcs peticions, 

receivers of peiilicns. 
Reces (dernier), the lajt 

recefs ; alfiinencc. 
Kcccs (lettre de), letter of 

rccefs\ an alfiinencejrom 

war, 
Kcccll, reception. 
Rccciics, received. 
I'.cccia, rccia, received. 
R> cctt«::mc:it, receipt. 
Recettours, receivers. 
V\ ec h area i i : cs , ri:ri:a:idi.:t,lc. 

l\cc;>aLwr, /^ rai/om., fuvc. 



R E 

Recliept, receipt, admit- 
tance, 

Rechepte, ranfomed. 

Recherrions, we Jhould 
fall again. 

Rechefs, extended unto, 

Rechevour, to receive. 

Rechief, rechefle (dc), 
again, moreover. 

Rechoive, receive. 

Rechurent, receheu, recia, 
received, 

Reclamant, making claim. 

Reclame, reclaimed, chal- 
lenged. 

Recoeury, recovers. 

Recognoireans, well know- 
ing, 

Recoiiler, to affemUe. 

Recoillift, recohabitcd 
with, 

Recoipucnt (ne), do not 
receive. 

Recoil ant, recollecting, re- 
mimbring. 

Recond, hid, hiried. 

Rcconilaunce, recogni- 
tion, vcrdid of .the re- 
cognitors in an ajfife. 

Reconilaunce (iour),/ZY/y 
ccnfcffion, acknovAcd^ c- 
mcnt. 

R ccon lei le, rccou n ft 1 1 lez, 
recofuiltd to^ employ td by, 

Iv C((;riulez, rciognifees, 

Ke<-(;|)S, receive. 



R E 

Record, rehearfedy recited, 

read over. 
Recordes, recorders. 
Recors (afleez bien),/'{^- 

ciently apfrifed. 
Recovere, Jhall reftore. 
Recoupe, cut off^ taken 

hack again. 
Recoufle, rebellion \ impo- 

fition. 
Recouft, recow, received. 
Recreannce'r, to renounce. 
Recreant, cowardly. 
Recreantifle, cowardice. 
Recreaunt lo pecs (en), en 

proclaiming or drawing 

the concord. 
Recreces del farve (deux), 

two ebbs of the water. 
Recreu, tired. 
Recmoz (li ioitni), Jhould 

be rejiored to him. 
Reels, a fa folly, imputes 

it to his own folly. 
Rectu, imputed, accounted. 
Recuillez, entertained. 
Reculier, to gather, to 

collect. 
RecuiTez, relived. 
Recuvere, return, be re- 
jiored. 
Redde, reddement, redi- 

mcnt, fpeedy, fpcedlly, 

readily. 
Reddeur del boochcr, 

turning of the y.uuth. 



RE 203 

Reddouz, reddure, rigor, 

Jiri£lne/s, 

Reddourde droit, render- 
in. of right. 

Rcdour dekyufes,yay?/Vw 
requires. 

Redevanche, debt, duty. 

Redoute feignour, dread 
lord. 

Redoubtemout, is very 
much afraid of. 

RedrelTer, redrecher, to 
ere 61 and keep up, amend, 
redrefs, cleanfe, raake 
fa!isfa£lion for. 

Redubbours de dras, red- 
ubbers, patchers, botch- 
ers, or menders of ap- 
parel. Thofe who buy 
ftolen cloaths, i^c. and, 
that they may not be 
known, turn them into 
feme other colour or fa- 
fhion. 

Reeir, fhall have again. 

Reen, any thing. 

Reenvoions, we fend back. 

Rees, refs, nets. 

Rees (de), with reeds. 

Ktfedtion, repairing. 

R dices, fup fees. 

Keffaire, refeie, /"<? rebuild, 
repair. 

Keffo'jl, the emptying a 
canal or pond. 

Rctnl de la a^ere, ebbing 
of the fea. 

Rcfor- 



204 RE 

Reformemenr, rejloration; 

performance. 
Refoul,^r^(?/ inundation, 
Refoulcr (fouler et), to 

flozv and reflow. 
Refouler (le fouler et), to 

empty it and fill it again. 
Ref ou rm e, reformcd-^dra'von 

up. 
Refieindre, to reprefs, 
Kefrenee, refrained, 
Refrefement (en), in re- 

frefbing^ fuccouring, 
Refrefier, to refrefh, 
Refs, nets. 

"RefUy^elter, refuge. 
Refurment, reformation. 
Rtfufl:, may refort to, 
Refuys, refufe. 
Ikfuye, refuge. 
Regal ie, roynl. 
Regal ie (la), the regality, 

royality. 
Regarcier, to thank. 
Regard, relation. 
Regard (poy de), little 

regard. 
Regard corteific, regard 

cr fervice of court efy. 
Regardant, regardant, ex- 

"peclant. 
Regarder, to allow. 
Regardes, fees, perquiftes, 

fervices, rewards^ ex- 

pences,J}jarey alloivances. 
Regardez (les), the falci- 



R E 

ries, liveries, allowances 
of the judges, ^c, 

Regardez, regarde, a- 
warded, 

Regardez, rewarded, 

Regermer, tofprout again, 

Regetes, rejected. 

Regnation, reign. 

Regnauble, reaf enable, e- 
quitable. 

Regnez, reign, 

Regnez (trop), too much 
emboldened. 

Regracier Dieu, to thank 
God. 

Regreind, regranted. 

Regrettent, regard. 

Reherceuill, writal, 

Rei, king. 

Reiens (ue foit), knew no- 
thing of it. 

Reignable, reafonalle. 

Reik (le temps de), time of 
harvefty vintage, 

Reimber, to kill. 

Reimbre, to ranfom, 

Reimbre (a noftre), for 
redeeming us, for our 
ranfom. 

Rein, atiy thing. 

Rein (par), by ajlream, 

Reinement (la), the ar- 
raignment. 

Reint, ruined. 

Rt'imcreni^wcunded; fined, 
r.infomcd. 

Rcint/, 



R E 

Reintz, punijhed, fined, in- 

diSJed, ranfomed. 
Rcis graens, great nets, 
Rejoier, enjoy. 
Rejoife (q'il le), that he 
join it again to, unite it 
to, 
Relais, releafe, relaxation, 

remijjion. 
Relaxes, relachiez, re- 
leafed, 
Relcne, relinquijhed, 
Rcles,' relief. 

Relevaflent, centre nous 
(fe), rofe ogainjl uSy re- 
helled. 
Relevation, relief, 
Relever (in point de), in 
danger of being ruined. 
Relies, are applied. 
Religion (de mefrr.e la), 

of the fame order. 
Relinques, remains, 
Relinquez, given up. 
Relinqulz, abandoned, 
Relivecz, reliefs. 
Reliverer, to redeliver. 
Rellatues, relative. 
Rclya, applied^ related to. 
Remaide, remedy. 
Rcmainable, to be ac- 
counted. 
Remanant (le), the rcfl. 
Remaniables forfeit (font), 
are to remain forfeited. 
Rcmanons,y/^jy back, for- 
bear going. 



R E 205 

Remaunderunt, fent back, 
Rennediell, original. 
Remeinte demounflraiin- 
ce, frequent remon- 
Jlrance, 
Remembraunce, (emeterc 

en), to be enrolled. 
Remembre, fet down, 
Remenable, to be reduced. 
Remenaunt (a), for ever, 
for ever after, from 
thenceforth. 
Remener, to reflore, ta 

bring back, reduce. 
Remeintincr^ rementener, 

to remind. 
Remerront, fhall carry 

back. 
R ernes, remaining, thcre- 

fduc. 
Rcmettre (a), to be re- 

Jtcred. 
Remeyndra, fJjall riot pre- 
vent. 
Reminant, remaining^ in* 

habiting. 
Remis & rcconreile, re- 
mitted and reconciled. 
Rcmife, remys, releafcd, 

remifed. 
Remile, received back. 
Remirt, continued. 
RcmiRrent, remained, 
Remitre, to ranfoin, 
Remmeinant de fiecls (a), 

for ever cfter. 
Rcmonaera le roy, lay be- 
fore 



ao6 R E 

fore the king^ reprefent 
to the king. 

Remoyer, to remove. 

Rcmuale, removable. 

Remue, removed^ entered 
into. 

Remuemcnr, remoement, 
removal. 

Rcmument (pur la), for 
remedying, removing. 

'Remy(lVmt), St. Remgius. 

Remys, remiz, left, re- 
mains. 

Remys, remife, remlfl:, 
remiflrent, remained, 
continued, releafed. 

Ren, rens, any thing \ -no- 
thing. 

Ren de terre, any land. 

Ren (a), to any thing. 

Ren (en nule), any ways. 

Renabkj rev able, reafon- 
ahle. 

Rendage, delivering up. 

Rendefifl: (qil), that he 
Jhould deliver up. 

Rendrent, wounded. 

llendiis, furrendered. 

Rene, kingdom. 

R.ene, renues, renowned. 

Renees,reneyee, a^ojlales, 
r en eg ado. 

Renent, rcncign, deny, re- 
fife. 

Reneftre (a), to be rejlored. 

Reng, rank. 

Rengeons, refign, fiibmit. 

Renk et fcbaylic las, fur- 



R E 

fender and deliver up. 
Renner (nul), no pyker. 
Renniement,potius remu* 

emens, de la guerre, 

commotionSy dijlurbances 

of war. 
Reno mens, renun, renown, 

fame. 
Renoncher, to renounce* 
Renoyer, to abjure, re* 

nounce. 
Renfon, ranfom. 
Rent, reint, indi£ledy ac- 

cufed, fined. 
Renuef, renewed. 
'Ktw\jiQ\ix{^t),to fend back, 
Renure, /j/w^, renown. 
Repaire(lour), their poft. 
Repairons, rcpeire, repei- 

raft, return. 
Reiianlant, conjidering, 

calling to remembrance. • 
Reparlances, conferences. 
Re})eir de merchandiks, 

(le), a Caleys, the re- 

pr>ir, or carrying mer^ 

cbandife to Calais. 
RepcuMHtz, repairing to^ 

inhabiting in. 
Rcpciicz uthalcz, outlaws 

returned. 
Repel, calling bach, . 
Rcpeller, rcpelcr, to reco^ 

ver, revoke, rejiore. 
Rependre (a), to expend. 
Repcndre (de), to open. 
Rcperillcr, rcpariller, re- 
parclere, 



R E 

parelere, rcpeller, to 

repair. 
Rf pere, receptacle^ habita- 
tion, boufe. 
Repes (de), repofcy rejl. 
Replener, to fill. 
Replietz, reply. 
Rcploy, reply (fur le), en 

they old. 
Repoir (fans), 'without re- 
turning. 
Repoir, refort. 
Jlepoilbr (de), to be fixed. 
Reponables, anfwerable. 
Reponccs, repulfed. 
Repoos (en), at eafe. 
Report, brought back. 
licportez, obliged. 
Kcpofe, 'vejh, lodges. 
llepofer (kins), without 

rejorting back. 
Report: (en), in fccrct. 
Repperes, repaired. 
Rcpreciement, cippraife- 

ment. 
Reprehcnfailles, jeizures, 

reprifals. 
Repreigner, rcprendre, 

rcprer.dcr, to rct.ike. 
Repreilmes Ics traitz, re~ 

neiv the treo.ly. 
Rcpreil, rcpriiV, /.'';/ 

back., ccmpellcdy rqrc- 

h elided 
Reprcuciics, (les), the ac- 

ccfi cries, rppcP.dc'gcs . 
Reprioiu, rc-'prif, r^- 

pricvcd d:d:i::u:;r. 



R E 207 

Repris, reprifes, deduSlions 
and duties yearly paid 
out of a manor and lands. 

Reproches,. called in qucf- 
ticn. 

Reprove autentikement 
(de), on authentic pv^of. 

R-cprouvez, reprobate. 

Repue, fed. 

Repugnables, reprovabk. 

Rep us, concealed, 

Repus (leDimanche), Do- 
minica de Pafirone, in 
the Romifh MiffaU and 
fo called from the crojfes 
and the images of the 
Jaints being then covered. 

Requerurn, tci? requj}. 

Re((uiJk'r en grace, to t.ike 
into frjour. 

Requillcr (dc Icr. faire),;'/^ 
enteriain them. 

Requiie, inquired into. 

Re (a dc), /;.' arrear. 

Rere, to rcfe., erafe. 

Rerecoiinte (en), in the 
rear county. 

Rereficz, fab fees. 

lUrcniain, backivdrJs. 

ileren'eni:. rarely. 

lie lie, dcLyed. 

RelJUt, receives. 

Ri-iayla le e;ve, the z^-Jer 
run biiek. 

Ileviveiiien', arre/i ■■!.■" t. 

llclcoure, relcjre, to ■■■e- 

Li-l'c, (hi ■:. 



2oS R E 

Refcous, refcii, refcufa, 

refcuedy retaken^ re- 
lieved, 

Refcous, refcufe, recour- 
fant (foleil, folail), Jiin- 
fet. 

Refcrivrc, to wrife /<?, io 
return an anfwer, 

Refcure, to refcue. 

Refcyt (del), of the receipt, 
i. e. of the crime of re- 
ceiving felons or flokn 
goods, 

Refeauntife, reriancy, 

Kefemble, fcems. 

Rcremee,ycic;« again. 

Refervere, to receive. 

Rcfon, truth, right.juflice, 
title, reafon, aB, argu- 
ment y charge, exprejfton, 
method, cafe, article, 
point. 

Relon (p la), in propor- 
tion to. 

Rcfon (per), by refum- 
mons, 

Refon (funde fa\ grounds 
his title, counts, 

Refon (noz feare), make us 
fatisfaBion. 

Reione (dc), in reafon. 

Refons (deux), tvoo cir- 
cumflances. 

Refons (les), bis evidences, 
muniments, arguments, 

Refort (fon), a term ufed 
in a writ of Ayel or 



R E 

Coufinage^ in the fame 
fenfe as a defcent in a 
writ of right. 

R.eforty, reforted, reverted^ 

Refoule, refolvcd, 

Refpederes, refpiretz(ne), 
will not delay ^ refpite. 

Refpi, delay, 

Refpoignent, defend. 

Refponez, refpoynez vous 
(qi), what anjwer da 
you make, 

Refpofte, anfwer. 

Refpundre, to anfwer. 

Refqueufe, refcue. 

Refieant, refiant deinez le 
manoir, one that conti- 
nually abides within the 
manor. 

Reflent, received acknow- 
ledged. 

Rcfiu, received. 

R-eiTumes, received, 

Reftor, reftorSj rejiorationy 
amends, 

Reftreinconufans, takeccg- 
nifance, 

Reftride, made narrower, 

Reftut, reftored. 

Rellz, judgment, decree, 
fentence, 

R.efu la more (a poi), al- 
mojl dead. 

Refurdre, pay again. 

Refwardcnt mie (ne), do 
not regard. 

Ret, 



R £ 

Ret, rcte, retz, retent^fuf- 
pe^ddy accufedy indited. 

Retardation, delay. 

Reteign vers luy, keep by 
bim, 

Retenantz, retainers, 

Rctenderount,y^^// retain, 

Retenec, to return, revert, 

Retenget (nuls nel), ktno 
one retain, 

Retenir, reteiner, to de- 
tain, keep backy retain, 

Retenu, retained, admit- 
ted into. 

Retenues, refervations, 

Retenutz, referved, re- 
tained. 

Retenuz, retinue, 

Reteur, recaur, return* 

Rethes, nets. 

Retincr a foy (de), to take 
to himfelf. 

Retoundre, to clip. 

Retoun, viitoundyi, clipped ^ 

Retournent'que a ces les), 
who comply with them. 

Rctourner (devoit), was 
to be reduced. 

Retrachez, withdrawn. 

Retrain, retrair, retrayt, 
retreit, retret, retreic, 
withdraw^ forebore. 

Retraidter, to withdraw. 

R.ereet, diminutwn^ draw 
backy draught. 

Retreherc la ccraae,/^? dif- 
ciurage. 



R E 209 

Retret de la meerj rejlux 
or ebb of the fea, 

Retreter li reconlfance, 
to withdraw the recoz- 
mzance. 

Retreus, retreux, enlarged^ 
a temporary ranfom of 
a prifoner. 

Retrirer, to take, with- 
draw. 

Rette, crime, offence, guilty 
fufpicion. 

Rettent, retain. 

Retter a lui mefme, im- 
pute it to himfelf 

Revable, reafonabk. 

Revanche, revenge. 

Revenans, muftering. 

Revenant, comes to, d- 
mounts to. 

Revener(al), at there tun?., 

Revcnfift, coK^e back. 

Revenue, return. 

Revenues, reveues, re- 
vie-zv., mujier. 

Revenuez, revennaus, re- 
vencions, revenues. 

Revereur, to reverence-* 

Keverons, reverend. 

Rcverfes (fes maunches), 
his flecves turned back. 

R.everiion (a taire la), to 
give up again, to rejiore, 

Revertile le don, let the 
gift revert. 

Revilanc, affcBing, wak- 
ing fo vile. 
^ Revinge, 



210 



R I 



Revinge, come hack. 

Re von (a fon), dufqes 
until his return. 

Rewars, governors. 

Revvie, rtiky order. 

Rewekz, regulated,' or- 
dained. 

Reume, realm. 

Reyans, rcyal. 

Reynez, ruined. 

'K^ym, fined. 

Reys, kings. 

Rhine, ^een. 

Ri, omnipotent. 

Ribaud, one of the rnhhlc, 
afcoundrel, a rafcal^ ruf- 
fian. 

Ribands (fortz), fiurdy 
beggars. 

Rie (Ic), the heir. 

Rielment (pluis), mere fel- 
dom, not fo frequent. 

Ricns, hacks. 

Riefgler '■'■■ (a en), toin'-jei- 
gle. 

R'.cu, a fmnll hrcoh. 

Riez, nets. 



Ti'-Ow 



rifed. 



Riliurc, afcrcAch.^a riflng. 

Rigle, a rule. 

Rirner, to examine-, f:irch 

into. 
Riottis, ri&'s. 
Ripcs uercwe, by tic 

I'jater-fidey hanks cj the 

rlz-cr. 
'' Potiu!?, a c!t^i(Jl;kr. Rot. P.nlvc 



R O 

Ris, rjy, rich. 

Rizard, Ricliart, Richard, 

Roaifons, Rc^^ntions. 

Robbes, taken from^ rob- 
hed. 

Robiers, Robert. 

Roboration, corroboration. 

Robouchez fioppcdjorced. 

Roefs, oars. 

Roge, red. 

Roiales (autres), other the 
king^s officers. 

Roignez, clipped. 

Roion, kijigdom. 

Rokcboruth, Roxburgh. 

Rol, ^ roll, a regifier. 

Rolles, colics, necks. 

Rolys, rolls. 

Ilcmcrie, rommerge, hug- 
gar y. 

Romeyns (rey de), king of 
the Romans. 

Rofiules, rolls. 

Rone fct (lio hyl), potius 
unt, tl^y have made. 

Ronne, anfijocr. 

Re;:;/, rape. 

Uo;dc (Ro!,^ dc), Ro- 
Icrt de Heche. 

I'orcs (cent), an hundred 
f'i^.^cis. 

Rollc, heath. 

Rote (Ic), the zvhccl. 

Roumainement (a), after 
the manner of the Ro- 
mans. 

l.Il p. 7';. Pet. 28. Male's MS. 

Roiipr;> 



R U- 

Ronpt, rous, broken. 

Routez, routs* 

lloveninkmedc, Runni?ig- 
mead, 

Rovenereray, without re- 
turn. 

■ Rowes, oars. 

R.oy qoreefl (le), the pre- 
fent King. 

Royal chemin (le), the 
king's higbzvay. 

Roynage, roage, rovage, 
rotage, a kind of tri- 
bute or payment made 
for damage done to pub- 
lic ways by carriages. 

Royne, the ^leen. 

Royner, to clip. 

Ru, noife, murmuring. 

Ruaul, rujaul, royal. 

Rubaianes, ribbons. 

Rubboufes, rubbiJJj, filth. 

Ruby balcis, baleleit, an 
inferior kind of ruhy^ 
not fo deep a red as the 
true ruby. 

Ruche, a bee-bi-ve made cf 
ruftjes. 

Riige, rouges, red. 

Rule, a roll, a rei^i/ler; cJfo 
a detcrminrJivn, 

Rum me, Rome. 

Rumour, tumult » 

Fvumpcrie, breakings fdl- 
ing. 

Rumpcrours de trieuc?, 
ti'ucc ■ i/'i'Cf.i\.rs. 



S A 



211 



Ru wes, rues, Jlreets. 
RuyrdefTe, feverity. 
]{yen, nothing, -not. 
Rymours, rimers. 
Ryu, ryz, a brook. 
Ryvaille, de la meer, the 

fea-fjore. 
Ry vires, rivers. 

s, S'', his. 

Sccii, known. 

Ssm,fei/in, 

Snfs, lords, owners. 

S" efpeulx, lords fpiritual. 

sviz, fervice. 

Sa et la, here and there. 

Saals, feals. 

Sa cote (en pure), in his 

coat only. 
Sa volunte (encontre), 

againjl their wills. 
Saalez du mun fel, fealcd 

with my feal. 
S ab bed i , Saturday. 
S' ablcrontj fball reiidez- 

vcus. 
Sablinoufc (feblc terra), 

f:cr fc-idy land. 
Saca hors cii ^■\\\\\l,fDah- 

cd c:'t Cj the glc-vc. 
5:.cc, iriibuincntum lit:=^, 

tic J lc.:d:v :^s in a ccu/e. 
Snc!v.u',!U (••-"111), knciL'ing 

^2':'.^\chc (ill nciin), lis 
i^::: ran re. 



P - 



Sachau- 



212 S A 

Sachaument, fachante- 
ment, willingly t hww>- 
ingly. 

Sache, fages. 

Sachet, withers^ 

Sachiez, faches, fechea, 
fachon, know, 

Sacrabor (par), fakebcr, 
fackber, facaburgh, no 
freeman was to be feifed 
or imprifoned, except by 
inquejl or by facrahor ^ or 
unlefs he was taken with 
the maincur, 

Sacraire, a chapel, an ora- 
tory. 

Saeil, faes, afeal. 

Saeller (fet), caufed to be 
fealed, 

Saenti, holy. 

Sacttes, faettels, arrows. 

SafFers (qatre), four fap- 
phires, 

Sagane, a forcerejs. 

Sage, feat. 

Sagement, cautioufly, 

Sagct, feat 

Sagettc, an arrow. 

S^itture, archery.. 

Sagrea, agreed. 

Sagrement, oath, 

Sai, I know. 

Saichance, fcimce, erudi- 
ticn. 

^Mt\,feal. 

Saielleees, fealed. 

Saient, laics, are^ he. 



S A 

Saigcs homes, the fages or 
wifemen of the law, the 
judges. 
Saiguw, lord. 
Sailleires, keepers of the 

feals. 
Sain, found, Jlrong. 
Saindures, fan£tuaries. 
Saine, fubfiantial. 
Sainees, perfect, uncan- 
celled. 
Sainglement, entirely. 
Saings manuelz,y/^«/;»<p. 

vual. 
Sains, faints. 
Sains Efperis (li), the Holy 

Spirit. 
Sairjtemant(fy), fo cordis 

ally. 
Sainrime, mojl holy. 
Sairement, oath. 
Saififement, feifing^ 
Saize,y?x. 
Sak, Taak, a bag.. 
Sake, throw. 
Sakent, fieal. 
Sakekent a terre, faded,, 
demoHJhed to the ground. 
Sal, fafe. 
Saiair, a reward. 
Salairier, to reward. 
Saleber, Salcbirs, Salif 

bury. 
Sa le meins (promettant), 
potlusjja le meinb',^ro- 
mifmg alfo. 

Saler, 



S A 

Saler, a fait feller, 
Salfe pledges, fafe pledges. 
Salidaire, wholefome, 
Salit, health. 
Sailer, a fadler, 
Salmonceux, young faU 

mon. 
Salopebyrs, Salobirs, 

Shrewfhury\ 
Salfez (chars), y2z// meaU 
Salvage, wild, favage. 
Salvaigne (^), by beafis^ 

itxTt natwras. 
Salvatioae, ■pardon. 
Salve, greets. 
Salvoms (nous vous), we 

greet you. 
Salvcz, knoiL'. 
Salutz, known yfcfe. 
Saluz d'or, falutes of gold, 

a gold coin^called fo from 

the ivords, Salus populi 

fuprema lex e(lo. 
Salyne (un), afalt-pit, 
Samaday. Saturday, 
Sambre, vifage,facs. 
Samble temps, the fame 

time. 
Sambleront (fo), fhall af- 

femhle, 
S'ame, his foul. 
S' amie, his Jriend. 
Sammelplatz, place cf 

meeting, or rendezvotis. 
Sane, blood. 
Sancere, fine ere. 
Same, health. 



S A 213 

San6lz, fanntz, fant, with- 
out. 

Sandewitz, Saiidwich. 
Sangles (en toiitz ec), in 

all and Jingular. 
Sani, found, healthful. 
Sank fin, the end of the 

kindred. 
Sanne ceo, except that. 
S annex's, fauces. 
Sans (du bien), the good 

fenfe, underflanding. 
Sanr, are. 
Sanz un qeftoit,y}n;^ one 

who was. 
Sanz, reafonable, folid. 
Saon, without. 
Sap rift, the author »f 

the Pfalms., David. 
Sarcophes (que feurent), 

who frequent fepulchreS't 

graves. 
Sarcueil, a bier. 
Sarcus, afepulchre. 
Sarke (frank), free flock, 
Sarre, farah. 
Sarve, Saved. 
Sarura, a lock. 
Satain, fatin. 
Sachenas, Satan. 
Savagnie, beajls of the 

forefl. 
Savarne, the Severn. 
Savant, faving, knowingy 

net zvithftaniling . 
Saver, favoer, to knozv. 



p 3 



Saver 



214 S A 

Saver (fait a), fet aflau', 
fee affavcr, he it known j 
underfiood. 

Saver (cefl a), to-wit. 

Saver moiin, to know for 
certain. 

Saver mon coiilent e le 
pafia, Juji as it was 
taken, 

Savement, with a faving. 

Saverai (jeo), I Jh all know. 

Savere (pur), to fave. 

Savi, wife. 

Savit mie lire (ne), can- 
not read. 

Savite,fafety. 

S'avoins (nous ne), we 
don't hiozv. 

Savoure, faz'curs, parta- 
kes of. 

Saii_, fait. 

Saiunt, referviyig. 

Saubar (per), for faving. 

Saubze,_/?A'/^r;^ 

Sauccrle del faucie, (fcr- 
viens), the fcrjccr.t of 
the faJfarie^ viz. that 
cffccr in the ^infs hit- 
ch:/^, i:ho wcs to pro- 
njide the nectfarics for 
the kings fauces ; cr he 
wI:d had the c.ire of the 
'provijiop.j ''jftJicu wi/'d ^0 
h: felted. 

Sauces cicl i::;:r, cvcelis (f 
the Jcii. 

hu:s liroi-j. 



S A 

Saudre (baton de), a flick 

of willow. 
Saulx, fau]ices,fa\vces,y27/- 

kws^ willows. 
Saulvc, faved. 
Sanme, Pfalm. 
Saundle, health. 
Saune, faving. 
Saunete, fauitc, fauvette 

(en), infafety. 
Saunk, faunc, fauns, 

blood. 
Saunk fine, the determina' 

tion of a defcent. 
Sauntz, I'aunz, without. 
S^iurdi, fhall knozv. 
Saus, thofe. 
Saufles, torn up. 
SaUiTerSj faiicers. 
Saut purpenfe (a), with 

an affault prepenfe. 
Saut (un)j a crper^ a 

dance. 
Saut (a la), at the fegc. 
Saute, fautie, {luivtej/<?/ir- 

/)', health. 
Sauvaigne, fauvagine, un- 
reclaimed animals. 
Sauvere, Savi cur 
Sauyz (bien), lei him he 

careful. 
Sauu:-: dcferte (pr.s), 'net 

without renjcn. 
Sniiz, fnving. 
Sauzin;:;,^^./;:;//.^. 
Savvvjo, jl.uce. 



Say, ./;;;.;; 



S,iv- 



s c 

Saybienke, / knozu very 
well. 

Sayc ley, his law. 

Saye (ceint de}, a girdle of 
filk, 

Sayn (au), to the care, re- 
gard. 

Sayfze, ^Iv. 

Scalpicr de draps, roiling 
of cloth. 

Scavcs, known. 

Scaves (que), that you 
may hioi<^. 

Sceivent, Icevcnt, fccy- 
ncnt, knoiu. 

Seen, fenfe, knozvkdge, ex- 
perience. 

Scent, icen, btcivn. 

Sceppt, flock. 

Scet, knows. 

Sceu, Iceux, knoz:;n, kncu;- 
ledge. 

Sceutt, fubjetl. 

Sceuvcnt, they know. 

Scey, a feal. 

Schefcifbury, 'Shaflcfoiiry, 

Sc hopes, fjops. 

Sciut, Icit^uil, Iciet, knows. 

Sciecle (qant a), as to fe- 
cular affdrs. 

Sccin, fcienes, knozvledge, 
fciuice. 

Scicnc rnaric (li cir), /:/ 
tie heir be rncrricd. 

?;C'icnz(p.ot:oirmeriCt), r^o- 
tc} loufv a:;:,;;:-;/. 

S';!-;'> Icycr, fcycr, to 

VIOW, to iV:.'. 



S E 



21/; 



Sciet, // becomes. 
Sclet, voluntarily. 
Scieiies, knozvn. 
Sciez, Jawed. 
Scire, y^r. 
Scilez, mown, cut. 
Sclatz (peres et), Jlones 

and flates. 
Scochon, efcutchcon. 
Seders, jcholars. 
Scomers, fcummers. 
Scotter, io gall. 
Scripture (pur \>t)^for the 

writing. 
Scriver, to zvrite. 
Scutelar (ferviens), ferjc- 

ant of the fcullery. 
Scutclairc, the ojfccr in 

the king's houfehold who 

was to take care of the 

difJjes, Sec. 
Scuverad (dunt li), then it 

behoves him. 
Scyer, to cut. 
Sc, //, whether, his, hut, 

£:<cept. 

Seal de norre fccrc, fccrc 
leal , 6 ur privy fee I. 

Seailles, harvef-time. 

Scale (t'el), of the pound. 

Seantj feants, fejanr, fei- 
a::ce, ft ting. 

Seiinue, health. 

Scante, fitting, 
a lock. 



Q.-.. 



(.as. 



21$ 



S E 



Seas, feals. 

Seafon (la), tbe feifin. 

Seaut, underjlcod^ knew. 

Sech (harang), red-her- 
ring. 

Secle, world, age* 

Secle (en le), in ike world. 

Secole, fea coal. 

Secondes royes, feconda- 
ries, adjutants, ajjljlants. 

Sedation, appea/mg. 

See ro\Q\,royal throne, feat. 

See, feet (ne), knows not. 

Seeche. dried. 

Seel, fait, oil. 

Seen, knowledge* 

Seen (je), I am. 

Seen (le), his. 

Seent (ne), he not. 

Seept, feet, feven. 

Seer, a governor. 

Ser, fereir, tofet. 

Seere, to buy. 

Seerfus, over, acrofs. 

Sten,/erves, is mads uf( 

Sees, fet ye. 

Sees, his. 

SeefTent (ne), may not fit, 

abide. 
Seet, done. 

Seetes, feetz, arrows. 
Seez (qe vom), that you 

bt. 
Segerftain, fegretain, a 

facrijlan, a fexton. 
Scges, fegez, fteges. 



S E 

Segne Cen), in fgn, tef 

limony. 
Segon, according. 
Segrament, oath. 
Segu, fure, certain, 
Segu, Jure, certain. 
Seguadours,y^ze.;)'^rjr. 
Seguar, to Jaw. 
Segroi, facred. 
Segurement, fecurely^ 
Seguyn, Juit, to follow. 
Sehur conduit, fafe con- 

du£l. 
Sei, fein, himfelf 
Sei (heir de), heir of his 

body. 
Sei funt, make themjelves j 

a£l as. 
Sei (entre), between them, 
Seicheries, the Jervice by 

which a vajfal or tenant 

was obliged to attend his 

lord to the army ; profits 

belonging to a cajtle, 
Seieant, ftxty. 
Seieniement, knowingly, 

wittingly. 
Seietz, placed. 
Seietz a un (que vous), 

that you flick to one. 
Self, a hedge. 
Self, ferfe, a villain, afer- 

vant. 
Sergn, fign, tejiimony, re'? 

prefenlation^ fymhol. 
Seigniour, lord, owner. 

Seignur- 



\- S E 

Scignuragcs (les), the feig- 
nurage. 

Scignuric (la), the prero- 
gative. 

Scignurle (la), the prero- 
gative, 

Seignel, feiglc, fegle, rye, 

Seijor, abode, dwelling' 
place. 

Seil, a fail, 

Seil, feals. 

Scimes, made. 

Sein, fctind, in health. 

Sein, known, 

Sein, Jj7nal, 

Seine, Jenfes. 

Seins, faints, 

Seigns, fcignuus, feigne, 
Jigned, marked. 

Scings manucl, figns ma- 
nual. 

Seins (luis), holy, privi- 
leges places. 

Seins meen, without mef- 
ne. 

Seint, feien, he. 

Seint, hleffed. 

Seint entendcmcnt, found, 
good under fianding. 

Seinta (lui;, girded him- 
felf,^ 

Seintilme pier, moji holy 
father. 

Seintifme ttm\i, feafonfcr 
devotion^ holy feafon. 

Seintuaries, feintewarie, 
Jan5luary, 



S E 217 

Seinture, a girdle, 
Seionies (que nous), thut 

we fhould be. 
Seiront, fi)all fit. 
Seifier, tofeife. 
Seifonables, in feafon, 
Seifibns, might be, caufed 

to be, 
Seifons del an (tous), all 

feafons of the year, 
Seift (fi ceo ne), unlefs it 

be. 
Seit fct, be done. 
Seit, feven, 
Seit, let him, let him be ; 

has, is. 
Seit {k€), which was, 
Seit fet (nous), have made 

us, 
Seiverent, profccuted, pur- 

fued. 
Sciz, ieifitz, feifed, 
Sek, dry. 

Sekes a taunt q, until that. 
Sel, fely, that, 
Sel (le), the great feal. 
Selar (ferviens), ferjeant 

of the cellar, 
Seleables, to be fealed. 
Selez e enfrenez (viii chi- 

valz), eight horfes fadlcd 

and bridled. 
Seli, of this, this. 
Selles, if they. 
Selor, then, 
Selparie, falt-petre, 
Sels, alone, 

Semadi, 



128 S E 

SemaJi, Saturday. 
Semaille (i^ur), for feed. 
fcemtiillantz, au voflre 

commune, it feeming to 

your commons. 
Semblablez (qi font du 

fuier), which are likely 

to enfue. 
Semblant d'auciins (fe- 

lonc), in the opinion of 

fome. 
Semblaunt (y^on), good ex- 
ample. 
Sc'inblaunt (par), at firjl 

fight, prima facie. 
Seme, fiXth. 
Squi ernes (cink), five 

ijoeeks. 
Scmenfes (les), 'vohat is 

fown. 
Scmente, cement, annex, 
Scn-^i, half. 
SemitZj/i^io'/V. 
Scmle (le), it feems, 
Semoifons, feed-time. 
SQiv.ond,fuinman. 
Sen, le fen, his. 
Se.-i, (cnr,, undrjlandir.g, 

J uugei/ie/iiy aijci'clion. 
Sen, iens Tl-ans Ion), zvilh- 

out his k}iG'i::lcd,-e, 
Sen vour.r, depart. 
Scn?s (Ics), Lis o'vn. 
S:ndcs,_A /.'J, fails. 
Scnee, 1::]^. 
S'.'n^j/icrs, boars. 
irci'cicaiicic, the rfjic cf 

High-iiUuj:!ycl, 



S E 

Seneflez, fenefiez, ftgni- 

fied. 
Sencftrement, finifiroufly, 

left. 
Senne de, his own. 
Sennes (hors de lour), out 

of their mind^ infane. 
Senforcent, endeavour. 
Senglcrs perfoncs, every 

perfon, 
Sengles, f'^gl^, parti' 

cular, 
Senhor, fenhur, lord. 
Senfuit, fenfeur, follows. 
Sen lures (.p les), by the 

cenfurcs. 
Sent (al), ivith the offent. 
Sent (qe furent al), who 

were affenting. 
Sent (nc), doth not affent. 
Sentainement, fecret de- 
vice. 
Scntez liir, on the_ Holy E- 

vangelijls, en the facred 

Reltques. 
Sente (fe), perceives him- 

fe!f. 
Sente mort, /;?// to death. 
Sente, right-, jo and, good, 

whclcjome. 
Sen re, a path-ii-ay. 
Sep.teronr, intended. 
Ser.r iers flesi, lie entering 

into. 
Senrre conicnt, intercom- 

r,ion. 

I Scntn, 



S E 

Sentu, felt. 

Sentu, thought, were cf 

opiaion. 
Senz, without. 
SeofFrance, tmce^ cejjation 

of arms* 
Scoins cufte ffi nous), // 

we be cujied. 
Seon (le), the feci. 
Seons (ou que nous), 

wherefoever wc ere. 
Seons (par les), ic Icon, 

by his ozvn people. 
Seonr, kn:zv. 
Seoptifme, fcvenlh, 
Seor, Jijler. 
Seor, ftire. 
Seor (la), the eldei:. 
Seole (ne), durjt not. 
Seoul (Ic), the foil, 
Seourmenr, frfely, fccureJy. 
Sep, lepr, racc,jhck. 
Sepmayn, lepr.ieme, a 

week. 
Seps, ceps, cinps, a pair 

of ftocks. 
Septain :;^J iz <zi)..feve>itecnth. 
Sepran c: noef, fvcnty- 

nino. 
Septlaunt: Iccund^yl 'j^aty- 

fccond. 
Scptembrak', 6'j,*''i'.7.'Zvr. 
Sepure, the fccptr:.- 
Scpukure (it,'\iit), hoiy fe- 

pulchrc. 
Sequer (doyt etre), c::^Jjt 
. to be fc'bz-jc I. 
Stqur:-ci;:,/:..V:.-/;/^-. 



S E 



'9 



Sequeftrc, lock up, 

Seqiieltres, locks. 

Seqftres, attendants en of- 
ficers of juflice, 

Sequcftrour (le), the fe- 
quejlrator. 

Sequeur, fecure, 

Ser, fJoall be. 

Scr, fcrves. 

Ser (ke de mon li ct), 
polius, ke de meux 
li R-r, who knows it beft. 

Sera, will ferve. 

Sercherie (ofrice dc), o^.ce 
of fearcher. 

Serchier, ferch, to fcarch. 

Serc'e, a circle. 

Scrcler, to weed. 

Sere, fjall he. 

Sercdcs (la), the fcrcens, 

Sercur, ffter. 

Scrfc, a female flave. 

Serfe, a female fiave. 

Serfs, flags. 

Serjanr, lerviens, one in 
degree next to a knight. 

Seriche, fearch. 

ScTgeanrie (,p liefaute dc), 
jcr wr.ni cf counfel, 

Scri:^carnrc d' En^leterre 
(rout la), all the judges 
of the coif in England. 

Soriete, fcrenity. 

Serion.s,rerieme,s,_/^ '.v.y ^:', 

S- \\ ou rs, fnrLhers. 

SjriTicntez, /tC(7r/2 upon tic 
faints, 

Scrori;;:., 



2 20 S E 

Seroruge, a [urgcon. 
Scrpentync, a kind of al~ 

embeck, 
5erra, jhallfit. 
Scrrcr, to block up, 
Serrett (ne), may not he. 
Scrrcfynt:^il}, they would be. 
Serruns tenuz, Jhall he 

obliged. 
Sers 'D\eu,fervant ofGcd. 
Serten, certain. 
Servages/ervilTcSjy^rw^^. 
Serve, ajlroke. 
Servens (pur ie), for the 

payment. 
Serveyfe, kT\o\(c,fervicey 

ale. 
5ervi k court, tendered to 

the court the ufual form 

cf pleading. 
Scrvie, obeyed^ complied 

with. 
S-*rviens empt, ferjeant, 

purveyor, 
^xw'itiz^ fervices. 
Servir leftatut, anfwer to 

the Jlatute. 
Servirctz, will ferve. 
Scrvitz, lervy, paid, 
Servois, ponds. 
Servy (fy il ieyt), if it be 

applied. 
Servy qll foient, that they 

may be paid. 
Ses, fefze, fix. 
SeSj without. 
Ses de la chauncelry (fi), 

// they of the chancery. 



S E 

Sefcrunt, fhall ceafe. 

Seflante ncuy me j^xty-mne, 

Sefline, fei/in, 

Seftez, thcfe. 

Scze, fixteen. 

Set, jcven. 

Set, knows., known. 

Set, that, this. 

Set (qe), which refieth. 

Scte rapoltoille, apojloli- 
cal fee, 

Sete, fet, fix upon, 

Setes, feties, Iccies, ar- 
rows, fjafts. 

Setors (re<;\ his Jureties\ 
his Jiflcrs. 

Setors, failcrs. 

Sett, be, 

Setra hors (je), Ifhocf ouU 

Setter, to frjoot. 

Settle, known. 

Setus (de), of this. 

Setyme (dh), feventeenth. 

Seu, if. 

Sen, ieucee, know/edge^ 
known. 

Sou, fait. 

Seu (dc phin), fully, with- 
out rejerve. 

Seu (j'^o), I am. 

Scuant, following, 

Seue, feure, feuyr, feuure, 
to fuCy profecute. 

Seue, known. 

Seuf, fafe. 

Seuil, / am wont, I am 
ufed, 

Seulles, 



SeuUes, only^ alone. 
Seumes (n(.us), we are. 
Seuns (ou ke nous), 
wherefoever z^e Jhall be, 
Seur, ft/ier. 
Seur, Jure, ceriain. 
Seur, againji. 
Seur, upon. 
Seur fe, moreover. 
Seur ceo, thereupou. 
Scores (par la), potius, 
pur la feures, for the 
fafeguard. 
Seurplus (Ic), the remain- 
der. 
Seurfe, arifen. 
Seus, alone. 
Seus, fcals. 
Seus (les), her people. 
Seus (a), to his. 
Seus (tuz), all thofe. 
Seus (de), cf thoje. 
Seufllonis (nos), zve J: now. 
Seur, Jhould be. 
Scuic, fuit ; payment. 
Seute (pur), fur fear. 
Seuf]-, Teuwe, feuwy, 

knew^ known, 
Seux, (a), to them. 
Seuz, Jhiliings. 
SevantiyX'/Z/r//, exa5l. 
Stve, ieue, her c:vn. 
Seve (a la), to his. 
Seveles, buryed. 
Sevent, they know. 
Scvent (qui ne), wh(^ are 
not capable of. 



S E 



22i 



Sever, fue. 

Severa, will ferve. 

Sevtrcs, fevered, Jepaj-aled, 

Sevi, /tied. 

Sewes, known. 

Sewet, fuit. 

Sextemen, thefixth time. 

Sexter, a meafure of corn, 

Sey, filk. 

Sey, himfelf. 

Sey (e), by itfclf. 

Sey (endroit de), in bis 

place, fiation. 
Sey (que je ne), that I 

raay not be. 
Se defovere, unwrougbt 

filk. 
Seyanr, fitting, 
Sey aft, hath feen, 
Seye (fil), if he fit. 
Seyent, leynt, be, may he, 
Seyent, let them apply tOy 

let them file. 
Seyent (qui meiux), which 

better fuit. 
Sever, to cut, mow. 
Sever, to know. 
Sey vent, they knew, 
Seyetes, arrozvs, 
Seyetz, en la merci, be in 

mercy. 
Scync, healthful, whole- 

fomCy found. 
Seyng liege (lur), their 

liege lord. 
S^yns, faints. 
Seyns, fu?-s. 

Seynt, 



422 S I 

Seynt, girt, 

Scyntetce (fa), bis holinefs. 

Seyremnuz, oaths. 

Sez, his. 

Sezaine, {czzxxntyfixteen. 

Sezile, Sicily, 

Shaft, fcheft, a weight, the 

fame as the aiincel. 
Shelps, Jhelves in a river. 
Shout, a J mall boat cr 

^ I'ejjel. 
Si, ivhether^ here. 
Si amy, his friend, 
Sia (et), and there is. 
Si on, asziell. 
Sit5or, as ivell of. 
Siche, he it knoan. 
Side, age, world. 
Si come, as, as it v:ere. 
Sicome (de), fince, feeing 

that. 
Sid re, cydvcr. 
Sic, he It fo. 

Si eins another time, before. 
Si eft, is, belongs to. 
Sic plain (!c), ivhcn the 

fee is full. 
Siege fai re (de), to hf^egc, 

to hcfct, to lay in ^:^a:t 

Siep;ca f[U!, ivbo fat iu tie 

fee. 
Siegle, ag^e. 
Sicl, a fc.dle. 
Sien, jcc.t. 
Sicnce propre ciioi^fe, his 

o'jm proper things. 
Siens (de;, of Lis j , u::.::. 



SI 

Sient pier, holy father . 
Sier, to mow, to faw, 
Sier blecs (en temps de), 

in harvefi-time, 
Sieres, lord. 
Sieremens, oath. 
Sierges, wax-tapers, 
Siert (ni), does not ferve, 

lie. 
Siet, knoivs. 
^\Qid.vs,fixty, 
Siet rien (ne), knows no- 
thing. 
Sieure, ohferve, ptirfue, 
Sieute, fuit, requeji, 
Sieux (des), of thofe, of 

jiich. 
Siex, ^iizjjfix. . 
Siglaunte (nefe), a fhip 

f-iiling. 
Sic,/ics (moly), rrMl fails, 
SiL^nal, feat. 
S i g n a m c n t, fariicidary, 
Signe, hadige. 
Si[i;nes de palmes, f:gns in 

the palms of the h :nds. 
Si.fTnez, fivar.s. 
ISjgr.ioris, fclgncry, Lrd's 

fcrvicc. 
SiJk'-jrs, mozuers, 
Siiloekes, there. 
Sillours dc burfc, cut- 

purfcs,. 
Simayne, fimoinc, a week. 
Si me, iymc, fix th. 
Simencl (payn de), funnel 

bread, 

SiiT.eniaus, 



Simeniaus, fimnels. 
Simian, Simeon. 
Simitorie, church-yard. 
Simonys (fans), without a 

reward, gratis. 
Simpliit (pte), on account 

of the fmallnefs of it. 
Sine, his own. 
Sine, without. 
Sines, fwans. 
SingLiIanr, bloody. 
Singuler, private, 
Singulerc, fingle. 
Singuleremenr, in the Jin- 

gular number. 
Singulerre, (in lour), into 

feparatc parts. 
Sinkaunc,^/y. 
Sinke, [\nk,fi-je. 
Siours (^\\\.)^ three mowers. 
Siqc, fo that. 
Si red(.!e ley, any fpeedy 

law. 
Sir li rois (nodit), noftre 

fire le roi, cur f aid Icrd 

the king. 
Sire, fires gart, God pre- 

ferve. 
Sire de Rcos, lord cfRoos. 
Sirs, the lords. 
Sirris, a maty rnjljes. 
Sis, fitten, alodc. 
Sis, his. 

Sis liciix, frc miks. 
^\hnjixty. 

SilnM*, Cii'i'v.^^ finnc. /■•//'. 
Siliables nrbres, crf>fjrrsj 

ti'ces iijcd to vs iJu\ 



S O 223 

Sift, // behove th. 

Sifte, Jixth. 

Siftront, flopped, feized. 

Siftrunc (en), Jhall ijfue 

from them. 
^Mc^Jixteenth, 
Siu, his. 

Siuf, train, followers. 
Sive, his. 

Siverne, the Severn. 
Sivre, purfue^ profecute, 
Siwant, following. 
Si we, purfue, be a tran- 

fcriptcf. 
Siwent (qil), that they fel- 
low. 
Siwera, fjjall fucd for, pro- 

fecute. 
S'iw\t,f{ed out^fucd to. 
Siwte, fait. 
Sleies des worftedes (les), 

the fleyes of wcrfed. 
Slethe, flede, a hank of a 

river. 
So, thus. 
SoafFre, permit. 
Sob rain, 

pre'/ns, prevalent. 
Sobrine, coujin -german, 

kin!woman. 
Soccurcs, fuccours. 
So c u res , fu Ct cured. 
So c! t V n c m c n r, fuddcn !v. 
Sodic'cre, a fub-dcaco'^. 

Soct. fz-:ect. 

SocfiVancc, 






224 S O 

Soeffrance, tolerationy dc 

lay. 
SoefFre, foeffier, to fuffer, 

permit ; omit. 
Socffrir, forbearance^ per- 

m'tfjion. 
Soel, alone y only, 
Soel, foeil (le), the fun. 
Soel mayne (en), into an 

indifferent hand. 
Soele {tyQVdX, feveral foil. 
Soen, fyen, own, one's own, 

his own, his. 
Soen (le), his faithful. 
Soen defirer (quej'eufle), 

that I had rcafon to ex- 

pe5l. 
Soen deftre (en), in his 

dijirift, in the mean 

time to be. 
Soen (e li), and theirs, 
Soens, thofe. 
Soens (de), of fome of his, 

to them. 
Soens, foiens, fonz (nul 

de), any that belong to 

him. 
Soens (les), his agents, 
Soer, foor (harang), red 

herrings. 
Soer (a), in the evening, 
Soerdi, Jijier. 
Soer feft, upon a deed. 
Soertee, fafety, health. 
Soerts, forts. 
Soeverrant, fovereignty, 
Soffianz, fufficient. 
Soflfre, Juffice, 



S O 

Soffrunes, fufpended, re- 

fpited. 
Soi, / have. 
Soi, his, 
Soia^tf Jit ting. 
Soias (que vous), that you 

may be, 
Soiauls, feals. 
Sole enfile,^//;^ twined. 
Soien, himfelf, be. 
Soier, to Jaw, to cut down, 
Soiet, be. 
Soiets, arro'Lvs. 
Soietz, foiets, Juhje^ls^ 

men, 
Soieur, ftfier, 
Soief, turf. 
Soigner, to excufe, 
Soilent, they uj'ed. 
Soillure, foil, filth, dung, 
Soine, founds, 
Soingles, fingular. 
Soint, are. 
Solvent, Jeveral., 
Soixanteonze, feventy-cne. 
Solacz, comfort. 
Soldeours, foldiers. 
Soldrad (pur), as he de- 

ferves. 
Soldz, Jalaries. 
Sole, loil, ground, Joil, 

land. 
Sole, foul, foeil, foleync, 

fole, alone. 
Soleientjlblerent, foleront, 

iblenr, folioms, foloia, 

were wont. 

Solein, 



s o 

Solein, folemn. 
Sclempnife, formality, fo- 

lemnity. 
Solempnite des efpofailles, 

folemnization of marri- 

riage, 
Soler, to pay. 
Soler (jour), thefolar day. 
Solers, fldoes, 
Soloile recouch, fun-fet. 
Solom, .accordhtg to. 
Solonque cefque, accord- 
ingly, 
Solonque un maner, after 

a manner. 
Sok(ne), nel font, nel fout, 

did not know. 
Solyer, a fhoemaker. 
Solz, io\dz,Jbillings, 
Som, fomez, fummoned. 
Sombrefler (Charles de), 

Charles Somerfet, 
Somdant, arifing. 
Some, fummons. 
Someremcnt, in a fum- 

mary way, briefly. 
Somerier, infJjort. 
Someyns, zueeks. 
Somis, fuhjeuis, 
Sommage, burdens. 
Sommeirles befoignes(cle), 

to conjummate the hufi- 

nefs. 
Sommer, to fummon. 
Somnelentz, pcrfons trcii- 

bkd irith a lethargy. 
SotriOus, are. 
Son, are. 



S O iiai; 

Sond, wages, pay. 
Sone, les fones, his, his 

affairs, 
Sone tens (en le), in the 

mean time. 
Sonee, foune, fonnent, 

founds. 
Sonent, fovent (cant), fo 

often, 
Sonent, are. 
Sones (par les), hy his con- 

federates. 
Sonette d'argent (un), a 

little filver hell. 
Son nour, his honour. 
Sons, fous, fhillings. 
Sons, payment. 
Sons, without* 
Sont, know. 
Sontent (fe), think, 
Sooton, Sutton, 
Sor, fore, fors, upon, ahcv!. 
Sor (ceo), therefore. 
Sorccler, to bewitch. 
Sore, ^Qvdjjijler, 
Sore (harang), red her^ 

ring. 
Sores, you may be. 
Sort, be. 
Sort^ lot. 
Sortz, forts. 
Sorvent (vos), you may re- 

member. 
So?, a fcoL 
Solpcnt (quy), 'ivbich are 

in fifpcncc, which arc 

depend: fig. 



226 



^O 



Sofpefcon (qui miensfeient 
en), who are no ways 
fufp^^ed. 

Softinges, fupport, uphold. 

Soft) n I, /upper ted. 

Sot, kne-iv. 

Sot (laroa ncl), did not 
kno'iv he was a thief. 

Sonlecees, lorinetes, fub- 
tkties. 

Sorile, fotye, ideocy. 

Sot nailre, a fool natural, 
a fool from his birth, an 
ideot. 

S Liodaine, fudden. 

Soublever, to lift tip. 

Soubmi'->i!ltfr, to ferve un- 
der another. 

Sf )U brC I^e , fohriety, 

Soubs, under, 

Soubfcrire, to underwrite. 

Soubz.iage, under age, mi- 
nority. 

Soucheeiz, fhiUings. 

Scucon;'uit, fcfe condu^f. 

Soucy 'Tans), without fuf- 
picion. 

Soudant, Supporting, for ti- 

Soi' lonUe, fouJees, 

wages, pay. 
Sou v-iz ^.i: rerre (cent), 

an f.-'imdrcd fnllings of 

land. 
Soudcr, funlcr, to arife. 
Soudeyers, foudicrs, Ibu- 

ders, foLidjours, foudo- 

verS; fou d i ( j u rs , Joidicrs. 



SO 

Soudoyer, maintain, keep 

in pay, 
Soudoy ez, fupplied* 
Soudure, foder. 
Souealx, fafe, 
Soveners, frequent. 
Souentifiez, frequently, 
Souez, under. 
SoufFeft, fufficient. 
Souffraunce, foffrance/uf- 

hrzncQjCeJfation of arms j 

a truce. 
Souffrire, to fuffice. 
Sougiuz, fougies, fubjeSls, 
Soul, alone. 
Soul jour, aftngle day. 
Soul, potiiis tout, (de), 

la terre, of all the land. 
Souk, fafe. 
Soulement, only, alfo. 
Souleu, the fun. 
Soulevation, revolt. 
Soulez (femes), femes foky 

Jingle women. 
Soulu, forgiven. 
Soulze, fouz,fouce, foubz, 

foulds, a fhilling. 
Soumercment, arbitration. 
Souri piere, his father. 
Soun (c), and. 
SoLin (ne), goes not. 
Soune, founds, 
Sounc ne loit, fjall not Is 
. pulUflded, fJjidl not tend 

to. 
Sour, upcn, againjl. 
Sour chou, thereupon. 

Sour 



s b 

Sour li, agahtji hinu 

Sourdlers, Jhoes. 

St>urc (main), fafe band. 

So\lri'nct,/urmt/es, alledges', 

Sourfift, arife, 

Sourviflant, attending to* 

Soufprendre, ijfurp, 

Souflretcs, fubjlra^led. 

Sout, fuit, Juit of court, 
petition, 

SoUt, fot, knows. 

Sout, foute, (jor de la), 
day of payment. 

Southaller, to undergo. 

South boys, underwood. 

Southes (fet), feven fhil- 
lings. 

Southminer, to undermine. 

Southfewantz, fuhfequent, 
following. 

Soutre, foultre, under- 
neatby below, 

Soutz pur foutz, fhilling 
for fhilling. 

Soutz eux, under thm, 

Souve, founds. 

Souvement, fafely. 

Souvenere pleint, frequent 
complaint, 

Souvenercs, heavy, fre- 
quent. 

Sovent (deftrefle), conti- 
nued diftrefs, diflrefs in- 
finite. 

Souvcntfoth, oftentimes. 

Souveraigncment (dcf- 
irant), greatly^ earneJJh. 
rtbd'C all thing!; defiring. 



S P I27 

Souveraunce, guide. 
Souveragn, fuperior, next 

immediate. 
Sovercigne garnement, up- 
per garment. 
Sovereigne \)2ime, greate^ 

part. 
Snvers, frequent. 
Souz, fous, fhillings. 
SouzmclQiy Jubmitted. 
Souzmis, foulzims, fnb- 

Jiitute, fubJeSls. 
Sovicront autres rerhedyeS 

(nc), feeing y knowing of 

no other remedy. 
^ovidi2in^fultan. 
Sown, found. 
Sovvne (id), they are. 
Soy, his. 
Soy, of thcmfehvcs. 
Soy, foyer, Jiftcr. 
Soy (fi jeo), if I be. 
Soy (code de), a coat of 

filk. 
So)e, itjelf. 
Soye, Toy mene, foimene, 

himfelf. 
Soy fie, was made. 
Soyen, are. 
Soyens (ne nul des}, nor 

any of thofe. 
Soyer, to cut. 
^oyttZyfubjens, men. 
Soyionr, ptiffed. 
Soy myil, put himjelf. 
Soyne, a jynod. 
Spangcs, fpangUs. 
Q^ 2 Spar- 



228 S T 

Spargiflent, ravijh, 
Spaule 'vkz)> the fiotilders. 
SpergifiTer, to violate y ra- 
vijh. 
Sperniroms(que nous ne), 

that we will not /pare, 
Sphu<:,f phi tied, fplit. 
Spoliation, difTcifinj^^^r;- 

vation. 
S pours, fptirs. 
Sprete,y/>/V;/. 
Squerer, efquire. 
Sqiller (fergt), ferjeant of 
the fcidlery ; the officer 
in the kinz's kitchen, 
who had the care of the 
difJjes, hiives, &c. 
Squillerye, the fcullery. 
Sra, Jhall be. 
Stagne, a pool, a pond* 
Stat, Jland, 
Stater, firm, hinding. 
Stathes wharfs. 
Station (la), the ftanding^ 
Statuit, ftatiite. 
Staunche, in good order, 

dry. 
Stefne, Stephen. 
Steppes (ie), the way, the 

path. 
Steres, fi'rrrcd. 
Sterver, de'Uh. 
Sterveth (cc), // dieth. 
Steym, //;/. 
Stourc;, ftcckcd. 
Straict (home;, n man out 
cf his aiind, d^Jlroilcd, 



s u 

Streat, the fireet, the way, 
Streitures des rivers, the 

flraitnefsj the obfirutlions 

in rivers. 
Strepe, the Jlirrip. 
Streyte, Jiri^. 
Streytement,^r/5/y, hafii^ 

b- 

Strome (le), the fir earn. 
Stuffe (de leur), for their 

keeping. 
Stuffez, fiocked. 
Stuffure, 7?«jf, lining. 
Stuffure (pur la), for the 

repairing. 
Sturroit, put, forced. 
Stewes (lez), the fiezvs. 
Style defcrire (le), the 

manner of writing. 
Su, / am. 
Su (le), the foutb. 
Sua, fued, impleaded. 
Suaf guiage, fafe conduH. 
Suantz, fuaunte, fucceed- 

i,ig. 
Subditz, afore/aid. 
Subduitz, ruined. 
Subit, forthwith. 
Subornatz, fuhorned. 
Submys, fubje^ls. 
Subridcndre, to laugh be- 
hind another's back. 
Subrogucr, iurroguer, to 
make a deputy or Jurro- 
gate. _ 

Subroguez, fubfiiluted. 
Subtiiis 



s u 

Subtus, under. 

Suburg, fuhurhs, 

Siibz umbre, under 'pre- 
tence. 

Sud (ne), was not. 

Sue (je), I am. 

Sue, his., his vjcn. 

Sue, knotvn. 

Sue, followed. 

Sue cornes, Jhooing herns, 

S ue fFre n t, fuffer^ permt. 

Suelt, accuftomed. 

Suens(nul ^z%)^none of his. 

Suer, fijler. 

Suer, ferve, to follow^ piir- 
fue, profecute^ enfue. 

Suer>, fifiers. 

Suertie, fafeguard, fafety. 

Sues, ye ought. 

Suete (greynour), more 
frejh air, a greater 
ran<re. 

Suctte, {uQte,/uit. 

Suez vous tot, although 
you are. 

Suffenne, unwhokfome. 

SufFerable cautele, a pru- 
dent patience. 

SufFeraunce (la), the truce, 
fufpenfion of arms; par- 
don. 

Su ffert, allowed^ permitted. 

Sufficcantie de terre, fuf- 
ficient land. 

Sufficiat, fujfcient. 

S u iTi 1 a l> ! c m c n c , lujfcicn: h . 

Suftraole, rcafauil^le, L.i'j- 
f:d. 



S U 229 

Suffrable chofe, a hard' 
fljip. 

Suffrables (les), things li- 
able to make good a nui- 
fance. 

Suffrace (cn\ in fuf pence. 

SufTrancie (ioKmi: la), ac- 
cording to the proportion. 

Sufrreinr, to he horn^ en- 
dured. 

Suftrcit (grant), great 
'Want, fear city. 

SufTretz, hardfJjips. 

Sufrrir, delay, put off. 

S u nVoit, zvould befujficient. 

Su gales, South I Vales. 

Sugcts, kigges, Ibggetz, 
fubje^s. 

Su'i, follozi-fd. 

Sui, cjifued. 

Suis (a luy prendre), to 
take him up. 

Suis (les delivercnc), de- 
Lver thera up. 

Suis (en), upn'ards, above. 

Suifchargicz, ab^-ve charg- 
ed. 

Suis dill de, hereafter faid. 

Suis dies, abovcfaid. 

S u i r.ir^en cent, Jilvered 
ever. 

SuiioiTe, embrcidered, gild- 
ed over. 

Suiubiiis, had jued cut, 

Sui ft, te. 

Suit, afcrcfaid. 



0.3 



Suit, 



2^0 S U 

Suit, fuyr, the retinue , 
chattels^ off'spri?igy and 
cppurtenanc£S of a vil- 
lain. 

Suir, the ivHneJfes or fol- 
lowers of the plaintiffs 
p'Gof. 

Suir, a path, or track. 

Suit Ton fever4l, has fued 
out bis fiver al^ partition 
has been made. 

Suix, upon. 

ISuiz, luient, follow. 

S'ul I'ad, if he has one. 

Salary, fallary. 

Sulierve, a plow land. 

Sullings, alder trees. 

Suluc, fulun, fullqnc, ac- 
cording. 

Sum, his. 

Sumeigne, wetk, 

Sun.es, we are. 

Su merer, the pr ov editor for 
the garrifons. 

Summ (a), a fum' damag', 
to fpecify his damage. 

Summa en la it He, Jf ruck 
him on the head. 

Sun"im.;|i^e (ovc), 'usith 
hcrfcs laden. 

Sum.T.arrjCnr, efpetiaUy, 

Summes lur chivalls^lcs), 
the fmn'.ns^ cr package 
cn horfcs. 

Sun conduit, fafc, fare 
conduct. 

Sun fiuz. his fen. 



s u 

Sun Ic chef, the price of 
his heady his were, 

Sune, funs, his, bis own^ 

Sunt, they are. 

Suours, f^oemakers. 

Supetencions, fufpccled, 

Suppeditee, infuhje£lion. 

Supplecions, helps, amend- 
ments. 

Supportation, fupport, 

Suppofaill, alligation. 

Suppofe (eiiiaunt), afup- 
pofititious child. 

Suppuiir, fub-prior. 

Suppriz, furprifed. 

Suppweillez, fupponail- 
kfs, fupported, Jucccur- 
ed. ' 

Sup q, whereupon, 

Sur. upon, a^ainfv, 

Surs, lords. 

Sur fe, therein, thereupon. 

Suracbate.r, to overbuy. 

Surchctut, more ejpc daily ^ 

Surcris, addition, furplus, 

Surdier, to arife. 

^unVit, fifp'icion. 

Sure, to profecute, to fcl- 
lozv. 

Suifct dc hoftes (fanz), 
ivitkout too many guefs, 

Suijettcr, to cajl over, 

Surigiens, furgeons. 

Suriplus, firplus. 

S u r m c i flc n t, charged with, 

Surment, oath. 

Surmtttent, take from. 

Sur- 



s u 

Surmettent (iis), theyfur- 
mifejuggtjt. 

Surmitter, to furmife, ac- 
cufe, 

Surmys (a luy), alkdged 
againji him, 

Surorrer, to gild. 

Surpluis (Ic), thefurplus. 

Surplufer (le), the remain- 
der^ deficiency, what is 
behind, or wanting. 

Surpprifes, encroachments, 

JSurprendre, feize, 

Surpris, undertaken, fup- 
ported. 

Surprifion (fanz), without 
molejiation. 

Surquerge, molejis. 

Surquidance, arrogance, 
prefumption, difdain. 

Surred:ion, fuhje5iion, 

Surrounder, to drown. 

Surfane, rotten, putrid^un- 
wholejbme, furfeited. 

Surfer (yl ne poit), he can- 
not pay the penalty of 
furjife, 

S u rie r a 1 a fu r fi k^Jhall neg- 
led t9 purfue the hue 
and cry. 

Snrfes (de), furcelTer, to 
furceafe. 

Surfife, furfaic, negle5f. 

Surfile, a penalty or for- 
feiture laid on thofe zvlo 
ncgle^cd p/T-ying the duty 



S U 231 

or rent of Cafllezvard at 

Dover. 
Surfife en pie (de doner), 

to give orders for afur- 

ceaftng of the plea. 
Surfifts^ negle^Sjfurfyfes. 
Surfift, furiys, negk^ed^ 

omitted, ceafed, 
Surte, furety, 
Surveer, to overlook, fur- 

vey, 
Survenantz, fcjourning. 
Survenct, Jurvey. 
Survenue p malady, y^Z/f^/, 

overtaken with a fi chiefs. 
Survefquifi, furvives, 
Survcux, fuperintendedy 

examined, furveyed. 
Survieu, furvey, 
Survint, came. 
Survys, looked upon, deem- 
ed. 
Surundcs en le meer, lofi- 

in the fca, 
Sus, upon. 
Sus, arife, he, 
Sus e jus, up and down. 
Sufinne, furanne (Cc^rre), 

land zvorn cut with too 

long ploughing. 
Sufdit, ^\.\(d\v/., aforefaid. 
Sufditz (des), abovemcn' 

tioned. 
SuLluirz, put back. 
SulgroiTcs, eugroffe. 
SuWiH'C, fuhmit. 

0^4 Sus mette 



2^2 S U 

Sus mette (il), he alledges^ 

charges^ 
Sus mettre a nous, impuie 

to us. 
Suipcicnus., fufpe^cd. 
Sufpirale, eipirale, conduit 

pipe. 
Sulpris de maladie, y^/z^^ 

with fidnefs. 
Sufquiec, harrajfcd^fearch- 
N ed about for. 
Suffemee (chair), un- 

wholfome meat. 
Sufieni (et fil), a7id if they 

■ kflOW. 

S,ufl:, be. 

Suftenance dc fa corone 
(en), in fupfort of his 
cro'-jon, 

SuRendroms (ne), ijjill 
not fuppsrt. 

SuftretZjiuftreteSjfuftreits, 
fuftrits, fuflrain, with- 
drawn, withheld. 

Sute, fuit, prof edition J 
proof evidence^ inflance^ 
lequefi. 

Sutcr, feuter, a fljoemaker* 

Suterez, fuit or s. 

Sutes, fuits, fcrvices, 

Suth (des parcies del), 
fcuthern parts. 

Suthdit, hereunder, here- 
after faid. 

Sutlimyz, fubjetfs. 

Futhtry, withdrawn. 

Sutike, fotivite de fcns^ 
by parity of reajon. 



S Y 

Suwe, fu, onions, 

Suy, "proceeded. 

S u y followed, purfued^ pr9^ 

fecuted. 
Suy fjoyr, his heir.. 
Suynnanr, foUozf-ing, 
Suyrement, fecurely. 
Suy ft, fue out. 
Suys preft, I am ready. 
Suys (liverer), to deliver 

uPf furrender. 
Suy t, fuit, right of profe- 

cuf ion, livery, fecurety. 
Suyt (a la), at the req^ueji, 
Sux (pur), for thofe, 
Suz, under. 
Suz ley, againfl him, 
Suzpris, feifed. 
Swayl (pur), for fuel, 
Swefe (q'il tenfit), that he 

hold it gently. 
Sy, if fo. 

Sy (que), that he might, 
Sycomc, fmce, 
Syen, his. 
Syffer, a puff with the 

cheeks, a whifile. 
Symayne, fymeigne, week, 
Symblcment, /imply. 
Sy mere men t, purely, /im- 
ply, fmcerely, 
Synkes fielez, five datigh^ 

ters. 
Syre, S', father. 
Sys, fix. 
Sys, fet down, 

I. 



T A 

t, ten, tenant. 

Ten, to bold. 

Ten, tent, held. 

Ten, fuch, 

Tenez,ten,tenz, tenements. 

Tenz, tenants. 

Tm, only. 

Tns, trns, trefpafs, 

Tps, tijne. 

Tf pled, plea of land. 

Tabard, a cloak. 

Tabulet, a tablet^ a port- 
able altar. 

Tache, infcEled^ tied, fixed 
untOf tacked together. 

Tache d'or (un), a cup of 
gold. 

Taciflir, to cough. 

Taile de boys (un), a tally 
of wood. 

Tailla (que fe), which 
was pronounced, given. 

Taille, barred, taxed, 

Taile, tail), tally. 

Taille (fe), are dejlroiis, 

Taille, taylle le ditz A 
(a la), at the diufaiion 
cf the faid A, when the 
/aid A plea fed. 

Taillee, pronounced, de- 
clared. 

Tailler, to cut. 

Tailkr, to limit. 

Tailler a (jugcment fe), 
judgement would be 
given, prcncuKced. 

T2\\\^xo\Qrx{k).fiou!d£n^ 
deuvcur. 



T A 253 

Tallies, acquittances. 

Tailletz (covenantz), co- 
venants limited, expref' 
fed, made. 

Taillez, taillie, entailed, 

Taillez (que vous vous), 
that you will prepare 
yourfelf. 

Taillez (un bois), a cop- 
pice, or wood ufed to be 
cut. 

Tail Ion t, they limit, they 
lay. 

Taillours, taylors, 

Taillur un villain (de), to 
recover a villain de- 
parted. 

Taifiblement, tacitly. 

Taillurs de amans, ^^^//ifrj 
of diaraonds. 

Talant, talenz, talent ^ love, 
defire, inclination. 

Talemains, neverthelefs. 

7>knt, encouragement, in- 
clination. 

Talent d'amer matrimoy- 
ne, a love for the flats 
of marriage. 

Talent (mau_), ill will, re- 
fcntment. 

Talent (vous dites), you 
fay right, truly. 

Talent (p), by means of. 

Talent preignc, take ef- 
fe5l. 

Talcs, talys (novcilcs), 
new declarations, talcs. 
Tallion, 



234 T A 

Tallion, lex talionis, like 

fcf Ike, 
Tiil^ uns (coupes de), cut 

off clofe by the heels* 
Tap ps, time. 
Tangne, thine, thy own. 
Tan longamenc, fo long a 

time. 
Tank, extended, 
Tannz, as well. 
Tanqal, tanne, until. 
Tanqe, think. 
Tanqe ceo fuit, until it 

was, 
Tanque il foit, until it he, 
T^ns, time, 
Tanc, as v;ell. 
Tant, (per), thereby, 
Tant (es), in the tent. 
Tantcome, in as much as, 

while, fo long as. 
Tan toft, by and by, ahnojiy 

fo muchy prcfently. 
Tantqeu Eyre, until the 

Eyre. 
Taper, to lurk. 
Tapets, blankets, cover- 
lets. 
Tapicrs, tapers. 
TapilTant, lyi^ig concealed^ 

lurking about. 
Tarcl (a plus), at lateft. 
Tardance, delay. 
Tardift, tardiver (plus), 

later. 
7'arge, targue, a target. 
Targe, the impreffwn of 

the kind's arms in the 



T A 

figure of a. target, ani 

fometimes called pes fir 

gilli, the privy feal, 
Targer, targyr, o delay, 
Targera, fhall wait. 
Tariez nounduement, a»- 

duly delayed. 
Tart ou tempre, later or 

fconer. 
Tape de blee, flack of 

corn. 
Taikes, taxes. 
Tafl: (par), by handling, 
Tafte (vicnt), have found, ^ 

experienced, 
Tafter, to touchy to endea- 
vour, to find out. 
Tafters, little cups. 
Taulpinier, a mole-catcher^ 
Taunt avaunt come, as 

fully as. 
Taunt come, as foon as, 

for as much as. 
Taunt (ceft), thus much. 
Taunt (pe), by fo doing. 
Taunt ne quant (ne eft 

empire), will be neither 

better nor worfe. 
Taunt qe (jufqucs a), un- 

til that. 
Taunt foicnt, as foon as, 
Tauft apres, focn after, 
Taux, fuch. 
Taux (au), at the cijfcff-, 

mcnty taxation, 
Taxc. yew-tree. 

Taxer, 



T E 

Taxer, to fettle. 

Taxes, appraifed, ojfejfsd. 

Tax us, taxes. 

Ta) e, grandmother. 

Tayl, tally. 

Ta\l (per), by payment. 

Tayler haut ec bas, to tax 

a villain at difcretion. 
Tayler (lui), prepare him- 

Self. 
Tay liable, taxable. 
Tayon, grandfather* 
Te, behold. 
l^eaux, fuch. 
Teaux (qe), that fuch are. 
Tebaud, Theobald. 
Tcguler, a t\kr. 
Tei, teie, thine. 
Teifrles, tile. 
l^eigner, to hold^ to take 

place. 
Teilz, fuch. 
Tcinable (le plus), the mofl 

favourable. 
Teintrcre, to be dyed. 
Teinz (dras), dyed cloth. 
Teire, land. 
I'eirs, teirce, the third. 
Tciirum, a badger. 
Teizeler de draps, a tea- 

zeller of cloth. 
Teizels, teazles. 
Tele, a z:jeb. 
Temoniance, tcmonic, tef- 

tirdony, evidence. 
TemporaiUf, temporal- 



is E 235 

Tempouros, the four Emr 
ber-weeks. 

Tempre (tart ou), laer or 
fooner, 

Temprer (a), to Mitigate. 

Tempriere (la), tempera- 
ment. 

Temps (par), prefently, 
fhortly. 

Temps defcovcnables, ncn 
juridical feafons. 

Temps (quamor), the Em- 
ber-days, at the four dif- 
ferent feafons of the year. 

Tempt (les), held them. 

Tenable, to hold place, de- 
fenfihle. 

Tenables pur attaintes, to 
be accounted or deemed as 
attainted. 

Tenaud, Stephen. 

Tenaunce, tenancy, 

Teiicon, a difpute, quar- 
rel 

Tendi, intended. 

Tendrechc (par), by the 
infirmity. 

Tend, tent, offers, is ready. 

Tendiont, may hold. 

Tendrez fecrees, zvill 
keep J'ecret. 

Tendroit, taking away. 

Tendroit (ii), bethought. 

Tendrons, ivill reftore, de- 
liver up. 

Tendrovnt* 



2^6 T E 

Tendroynt (ils), they 
"juould th'mk, 

Tendumes de lage le roy 
veantz le), feeing the 
tender age of the king. 

Tendy (il n'a), he did not 
look upon. 

Tendy, tendered ^ offered. 

Tenell du roy (le), the pa- 
lace where the king re- 
fides ; the king^s hall, 
hell houfe. 

Tener, to gain. 

Tenet, Thanet. 

Tenez, bound. 

Tenge (vous), ktep, pre- 
ferve you. 

Tent, ten, held. 

Tengent (qe), that they 
keep, cbferve. 

Tenier, to hold. 

Tenir, accept, take. 

Tenirs (a), to beholden. 

Tenk (je), / hold. 

Tenoins nous, zve think. 

Tenoms, look upon, re- 
gard. 

Tens (ou), at the time. 

Tens (en), in time. 

Tenfer, to prcfcwe. 

Ten fit covenant, perform- 
ed the covenant. 

Tcnfit pie (qui! ne), that 
he jhoidd not hold -plea. 

Tent aufi come fi, ;;; as 
full manner, as if, 

IV'nurCj I en lire. 



T E 

Tenure, tenuer (le), the 
tenor. 

Tenure (a), to obferve. 

Tcnz, kept, obferved. 

Terage, a duty for break- 
ing up the ground. 

Terce, terfe, third. 

Tere, land. 

Tere de la Comun, Com- 
mons^ Community, of the 
Land, viz. the Bijhops, 
Earls, Barons, and great 
men of the realm ; alfo 
military men, fuch as 
hold Knight's fees or 
parts of Knights fees, 
and fuch aspaidfcutage. 

Terme, time. 

Termine, detained. 

Terniine, determination. 

Terminer, to at terminate, 
or ajjign a time for pay- 
ment of a debt. 

Terminez, held, kept. 

Terra land. 

Terre (ell a), fails, is a- 
ground. 

Terrene, terrien, earthly, 

Tefir, to be filent. 

Te (Taunt (en), tacitly, by 
being filent. 

Tcftez, heads. 

IXlure, a teflern of a bed. 

Tet, head. 

Tcts, tez, all. 

'icu, kept. 

Tculc, tcvvle, li!e. 

Tcu 



T E 

Tcu lieu, fucb a place. 
Teumoine (en), en wit' 

nefs. 
Teu prilbns, fuch prifons. 
Tcus deus, both, 
Tex, telx, fuch. 
Texas, wove* 
Teyle (de), ijuith mall, 
Teynont, teynr, hold, 
Teynce (la), the attaint. 
Teyfant (en), by being 

jilent^ tacitly. 
Teyfe (fi en), ;/ he is 

jilejit, 
Tezcller de draps, a tea- 

zeller of cloth, 
Theflaine, the Epiphany. 
Therai (en mon ferus), in- 
to my ferious confider- 
ation. 
Tholomeu, Bartholome'U). 
Tholun, tholon, toll. 
Thrave des \i\<:t%^athrave 

of corn. 
Thrommes, thrums cf 

'-jijcollen yarn, 
Ti, thy. 

Tibaud, Theobald, 
Tiel, toil), teoil, tuaill 
(uneprierede), one piece 
cf clcth, 
Tiel moy, fuch a one. 
Tielle (en la), /;; tail. 
Tien, thy. 
Tien counfell, fuch ccitn- 

fel^ advice, 
Tienge, keep. 
Tien'k ij^o Ic), Ihdr.t. 



T O 2:) 

Tient (luy), acknowledged, 

owned him. 
Tient mye in moi (il ne), 

// is not my fault. 
Tient my lieu (ne), does 

not lie, take place, 
Tiercz (par), by thirds. 
Tierz (lui), himfelf, and 

three others, 
Tieux, tieul, tiex, tious, 

tilz, fuch. 
Til, fuch a one. 
Tiltre, title. 
Timer (a), to fear, 
Timeur, fear. 
Tin, the found of a clock, 
Tin6lours, dyers. 
Tinel, ^ place where jujlice 

is adminijlered. 
Tinel, tynel, le roy, the 

kin^s hall. 
Tingue, tinent, held. 
Tint, held, obferved. 
T inters, tinkers, 
Tiou, thine. 
Teraunties, tiramiies. 
Tiphaynei, Epiphany, 
Tileours de draps, ixea 

vers of cloth. 
TilFerans, 'weaverSy err:- 

broiderers. 
Tides, t'-uAfied, fixed. 
Tiftours, t-wificrs. 
Tlxterefces, iveavers. 
Title (foit), be entitled. 
Tiwe, killed. 
Tq2X alc; gone a!t:gdher. 
Tocher 



2^3 f 6 

Tochey (je), I mentiontd, 

propofed. 
Toddels de lane, tods of 

ivooh 
Toi6t, tefl, the roof of a 

houfe, 
Toient, hold^ keep. 
Toil (le), the plea, tolty 

contefi^ difpute, the point » 
Toiller, to deprive. 
Toillier, a zveaver. 
Toldee, Theodore, 
Tott, tote (some), /urn 

total. 
Tolerefs, the per/on by 

whom the entry is tolled. 
Tolet, toilet, tolets, tolie- 

rent, deprived^ taken a- 

way^ barred. 
Tolkeps yards. 
Toloun, toll. 
Tols, toluz, tolz, removed, 

taken away. 
Tolyr eux (a), to take from 

them. 
Tonde (ne), does not fig- 

nify, cannot be found 

fault with. 
Tondour de drap, one who 

floears the cloth. 
Tondra (ne), will not take 

away, deprive. 
Toneiles, hcgfhcad, tun. 
Tonel, a kind of prifon for 

night-walkers J a round- 

houfe. 
Toni, Anthony. 
Tonne], a veffel^ vat. 



T O 

Torineux voidcs, erhpty 
veffels. 

Tonnu, toll. 

Tbor favage, a wild hulL 

To rain, of Touraine. 

Torale, a kiln. 

Torbes, multitudes, routs, 

Torcenoufe, wrongful. 

Torcionniefes, unjuft: 

Tormente, punified. 

Tome de chefcun pleyntyf 
(pur le entre de la), 
for the entry of the at- 
torney of every plant iff. 

Torriei, tournament. 

Torre, land. 

Tors, a tower. 

Torsjors, always. 

Torteuous, t or tious, wrong- 
fuL 

Tofale (un), a hogfly, . 

To^t{k)^fofoon. 

Tot, t03, all. 

Tot, although. 

Toe fois, tote voles, totc- 
betz, totedys, alzvays. 

Tot outre, entire. 

Tot a primer, as foon^ im- 
mediately. 

Tot le meins (a), full at 
the leafi. 

Tot en tot, wholly^ entire- 
ly. 

Tottee, totted. 

Touaille, a towel. 

Touch iez, handled^ 

Toullej toll, 

Toui- 



T O 

Toulliflent, Jhould take 
away from. 

Toume, Thomas, 

Toundefon (feifone du), 
feafons for fheep-fheer- 
ing, 

Toundurs deherbis, fheep- 
fheerers, 

Tounu, toll, 

Tourbes, turfs. 

Tourmentes, tournaments. 
, Tour teres, Tartars^ Sara- 
tens. 

Touli (pluis), as f con. 

Touft que {{\)^ as foon as. 

Tout, yet. although. 

Tout attrenche, entirely, 
from beginning to end. 

Tout diz, tous dis, al- 
ways. 

Tout dys, always had 
done. 

Tout de nette, entirely. 

Tout net, altogether. 

Tout outre, entire, the 
whole. 

Toutper, throughout. 

Tout Ibit, although. 

Toute fuoies, always. 

Tout vols, however. 

Toiitz jours (a), for ever. 

Toutz jours niQ?,, for ever, 
fcr c'jcr after. 

Touzours, always. 

Toy Ion, feece. 

"i'oz, all^ the whole. 

1 ozail, tolail, a brick-kiln, 
or cbiniJic-^. 



t R 25^ 

Trabeation, Crucifixion. 
This was an nera from 
which charters were 
fome times dated \ Anno 
Trabeationis DominU 
cce 1013. Dufrefne. ' 

Tracaffer to range up and 
down. 

Tracement, feeking after. 

Traditions (des). Part 
of the fervice in the 
Reman Miffal, and cal- 
led fo from the apojiles 
upbraiding the Jews for 
following the falfe tra- 
ditions of their anceflors, 
and negkriing the weigh- 
tier matters of the law, 
Inflruments are fome- 
times dated from this 
day. Feria IIII. pod 
III. Dominic. Quadrag. 
Lemoine. 

Traete, treated. 

Trahes in juries, drawn 
injurys. 

Trahir, to draw in^ to be- 
tray, to commit treafon 
againjl. 

I'rahir f poit), may com?nit 
treafon. 

Tr.ihy our, drawn be- 
yond, 

Traiclemets (que fe font^, 
that this is proper treat- 



:nt. 



Truiet. 



ft40 T R 

Traiet, drag» 
Traille, delivered, 
Trailler, io fearch after, 
Traillez, taxed, 

Traine (per), by drawing. 

Trait (gens de), crofs-bow- 
men. 

Tramettre, to tranfmit, 

Tranchees, trenches. 

Trans, over', acrofs. 

Tranfcrire, to write over, 
tranfcribe. 

Tranfefcrit, tranfcript. 

Tranfiger, to tranfa5l, 

Tranfon, a fragment. 

Tranfportera, fhall tranf- 
fer^ affign over, 

Trara, fhall extra^. 

Trat (nient), not drazvn 
out ofi taken out of, 

Travailer en jures, to go 
far to be on juries. 

Travaille, travayli, vexed. 

Travaille, profecute. 

Travailler, to vex, harrafs, 
dijlurb. 

Travailler la coun^to trou- 
ble the court. 

Travers (pur), forfheaves. 

Traverfanr, traverfingy 
putting upon trial or 
ijfice, cppojing. 

Traverleles (lines), crofs 
lines, collateral lines. 

Traverfer, to mect^ inter- 
cept ^ to deir;. 

Tray fun, trcafon. 



T R 

Tre, earth, 

Treadte le pie hors, draw 

the plea out. 
'^Treaflbms (ne), may not 

draw, 
Treatables, drawn, with' 

drawn, 
Trebuchables, are to be 

cajl down, 
Trebuche, fell dozvn, 
Treer, to drazu. 
Trees, drawn. 
Trees, handled, difcuffed, 
Trefue, truce. 
Treihes hors, drazvn out, 
TrehiiTent (fe), fiouli 

withdraw \ floould meet. 
Treies, three. 
Treifiem (a), e veflfel, at 

the mill-hopper and vef* 

fel 
Treififlent cele part (fe), 

fhould move towards 

thofe parts. 
Treifent (qils fe), that 

they would treat toge- 
ther. 
Treilfent (qils fe), that 

they repair to. 
Treit, trait, trar, arrozuy 

dart. 
Treit, treated, ufed, 
Treit (nefcufl mye), was 

not advanced. 
Treit (ioit), let him be 

zcit hdrawn, dif charged. 
I'reite, carriage, bebaviour. 
Treitres, 



T R 

Treitres, traitors. 

Treittenient, treaty enter' 
tain. 

Tremctoms, tranfmit, fend 
over. 

Tremois, oats, barley, and 
fuch like grain -, called 
fo a tribus menfibus, 
becaufe they are but about 
three months on the 
ground before they are 
got in. 

•tremor, tremur (pur), 
for fear. 

Trencha durement, cut 
ivith all his force. 

Trenche (il), it enureth. 

Trenchc a tout, it Jlrikes 
at all. 

Trenc!ic (a), trenchement, 
peremptorily. 

Trenche, divided. 

Trenchcours, carvers. 

Trencher, to carve. 

Trencheronc devant lor 
feign 11 r (ke), vjho eat 
at their lord's tabk. 

Trent lieu ici Qnt),it fjall 
not take place here. 

IVentcl, thirty 'rnafjes. 

Trentifme ticiz, thirty- 
third. 

7>eos (jeo), / find. 

TrcpafTcnt, pafjover, 

Trcpir, trepicr (un), a 
tripod. 



T R 241 

Trcp legierment, too hajli- 

Trerche fois (la), the third 
time, 

Trere hors (les), dragged 
them out. 

Treronis (ne), will not 
draw. 

Trelamble, the like, 

Trcfceint, m^ft holyi 

Trefiime jour, third day. 

Trefmarry, very much con- 
cerned, forry. 

Trefor (on), in the trea- 
fury. 

TrelpafTa, left this world. 

TrefpaiTauntz, thofe who 
pafs hy^ go backwards 
and forwaids. 

Trefpafle (darreinement), 
lately deceafed. 

Trefpafle, an offence. 

Trefpaflemcnt uu dit nad- 
gairs roy (par le), by 
the death of the faid late 
king. 

T r e 1 j, ■) a HI' ra c n r , mi f car- 
riage. 

TrelpaiTcment des terrhs, 
making default at the 
time appointed. 

Trelpafienr, pafs over. 

Trelpafl^er, to irefpafs^ to 
rffend^ to tvanfgrcjs. 

Trelpaflet, death. 



R 



Trefque, 



242 T R 

Trefque, as foon as, pre- 
fently, 

Trefredout, mofi dread. 

Trefreguife {]ty)ynowvery 
requifite. 

Treffauntz (potius crcf- 
fauntz), growing, 

Treffeint, moji holy. 

Treftaft, treated, agreed 
'with. 

Treftifme, thirtieth. 

Treftournes, trefturnes, 
turned from their courfe. 

Treft'out perdc, let himlofe 
all, 

Treftoutz, treftous, trel- 
tore, all. 

Trefublie, quite forgot, 

Trefze, thirteen. 

Tret, trete, agreement con- 
ference. 

Tret, here. 

Tret faunk, drawn blcod. 

Trete, treaty, conference. 

Tretez, drawn, induced 
to, 

Tretable, tradable, kind. 

Tretans, as much, as 
many. 

Trcieours, thofe zvho were 
appointed to manage the 
treaty of concord and 
peace between Edward 
the fecond and the dif- 
contentcd barons, 

Tretementz, tretis, trea- 
ties y treaty. 



T R 

Treter, treitiz, to treat of, 

to entreat. 
Trett, draught. 
Treterez, will treat, ufe, 

entreat. 
Tretuit, all, 
Trevcure, finding, 
Treveure (d'altre), of any 

other thing found, 
Trewe, truce. 
Treygne (per), by delays 
Treyne, to draw, draught, 

draws, drawn. 
Treyne ec pendu, drawn 

and hanged. 
Treys, three. 
Treyt (payn de) bread of 

Trete -, wheaten bread ; 

one of the kinds of bread 

mentioned in the Stat, of 

51 H. III. 
Trey tour, a tray tor. 
Treyturement, treturc- 

mcnt, traiteroufly. 
Tri, tries, three. 
Triboill, troubles dijlur- 

bances. 
Trie, tried, examined into, 

fifted into. 
Tricment, trial. 
Trienalx,/<5r three years. 
Trier, to chufe,fele^. 
Trier, et arraicr (les), to 

chufe, pick out, and ar- 
ray them. 
Trierz ]our. third day. 
Tries, proclaimed. 

Tries 



T R 

Tries cxcepcions, excepti- 
ons may be taken. 
Trieux (en temps des), in 

time of truce, 
Triours, triers, 
Triouffent, find. 
Triowes, trives, trieues, 

truces. 
Tripe (un), a tripod. 
Triplication, rejoinder, 
Tris jurs, always, 
Triftur, f arrow, grief, 
Troboill, trouble. 
I'roc, bartered, exchanged. 
Troches, troulTes (en), in 

clujlers, bunches. 
Trocs, found, 
TroeflfejtroefFent, they find. 
TrofFe, idle, 
Troiter, to treat, 
Trones, beams. 
Tronour des laines, weigh- 
ers of ijcool. 
Tronquez, mutilated. 
Trop hant, too high. 
Trop (par), too many. 
Trope (met), put more. 
Trope toft faidl (un), an 

over hafiy a5f. 
Trop outrement, too much. 
Tropoy, too little. 
Troppe, a mole. 
Trove (de), et de dSQ^fee 

ove de et de trove. 
Trovenes de novclles, In- 
ventors of news. 
Trove en un default (ferra]', 



T U 243 

Jhall be turned into a de- 
fault. 
Trouez, boxes withfiitsto 

receive charity, 
Troums(nus), we find. 
Troufieme, the third, 
Trowe, troye, afow, 
Trowe, found, 
Troye, found. 
Troyes, three, 
Trube, trouble. 
True, truce, 

Truerant, touching^ con- 
cerning, 
Truife, found. 
Truffle, found, 
Truir, to find. 
Truiffe, trufle, find. 
Truite, takes in the fa5l, 

catches. 
Trum, obfcurCy black, dark, 
Truirez, packed up. 
Truve, finds. 
Trynks, trymkes, trunks, 

zveirs. 
Tuaill, towaill, cloth for 

towels. 
Tuche, touch -, touches^ 

concerns. 
Tuement, faying, 
Tuerie, fiaughter. 
Tueft (foit), fi^culd he cut 

out. 
Tueft chefcun langue 

(folc), that every tongue 

fjould be/dent. 
Tuey, killed. 
R z Tuicion, 



24< T y 

Tuicion, proteSiion, re- 
prieve. 
Tuit, tuite, whole, all, 
. although. 
Tuic, hold* 

Tuiz feintz, all faints. 
Turn be hors, fell out, 
Tundu, cuty clipped. 
Tuors, flayers. 
Tur, « 'Turk, 
Tur, a town, 
Turbefover, to dig turf, 
Turbeurs, dijhurbers. 
Turelle, a little tower, 

turret. 
Turgent, remain. 
Turmentyr, to torment, 
Turnance, turning. 
Turnereit, would turn. 
Turnez, turnes, tourns, 
Turnois noirs (feiflante 
mile livres de), ftxty 
thoufand livres of black 
turnois, i. t. fifteen thou- 
fand pounds Sterling. 
Tus jours, for ever. 
Tut, although. 
Tut ad e primes, firjl cf 

all. 
Tut le rcaume, the ivhol: 

kingdom. 
Tution, defence. 
Tuwant, kill, 
Tuz ccuz, all thofe, 
Tuz fcynz, all faints. 
Tuzon (ladilme), /Z?(? tcjilh 
fleece. 

3 



V A 

Twaitc, wood grubbed up, 
and land made arable. 

Twefdic, ^uefday. 

Tyelx, fuch. 

Tyene, keep, detain. 

Tyent, tynt, they hold. 

Tynell, the hall, 

Tynt, held, 

Tyois, the ancient German, 
or Teutonic language, 

Typhanie, the Epiphany. 

V, u, or, whether. 
u, one. 

Vre (a), to your. 

V-as fait, would have done, 

vs, towards. 

"Vacations, voidances. 

Vacherie, vacarie (un), a 
cow houfe. 

Vacquer, to be at leifure. 

Vadat, let him go, 

Vadlet, valet. This zvord 
has various acceptati- 
ons ; fcmetimes it flgni- 
fies the heir cffome ndle- 
man or knight, who is in 
ward\ at other times, a 
young gentleman retained 
in the king's, or fonio 
great man's faviily, and 
a candidate cf honour \ 
often a young gentleman 
who ferves in the army •, 
and /itch an one is fre- 
quently called, fcutifer, 
ftrrvicns, aimigcr. Clcjj\ 

X. 



V A 

X. Script. V. Valettus. 
Jlfo a yeoman. 

Vadlettes del corone, yeo- 
man of the crown, 

Vadlj^tz, fervants, valets. 

Vaer (de), to go. 

Vagarant, wandering., 

Vageront (qui), which 
Jhall he vacant. 

-Vahuz, bahuz, vejfels» 

Vaie, ivay. 

Vail, under. 

Vailance (a la), to the va- 
lue. 

Vailez, valets^ yeomen. 

Vaillament, valiently, 

Vaille, fiifficient, 

Vaille, vigily 'njatch, 

Valllc cruettz, old cruetu 

Vaiiltntzde h'vn^^, perfons 
of property. 

Vaillet regardcr (qe vus), 
that you ■zvill have re- 
gard. 

Vailliv, bailiffs. 

Vaine voicle, common fame. 

Val ( encontre ) , dcv^n- 
wards. 

Valable, of force. 

Valaic riens (ne), avai.ed 
ncthing. 

Valallument, the force of 
it. 

Valaiint (en), in the de- 
fcenditig line. 

Vakr,.valoir, avail. 



V A 245 

Valeures (des), of the lips. 

Valeyent \\{ut)^tbey would 
not. 

Vakz, farewell. 

Valiaunts ferjcaunts (les 
meulx), ferjeants of the 
mofi fuhfiance or proper- 

ValiiTant, to have been 
worth. 

Valletz, the next condition 
to an efquire. 

Valles, valkz, valets. 

Valoir (le bien), the wel- 
fare. 

Valoit avant, goes for- 
zvards. 

Valoiie, value. 

Valu (aicnt), have pre- 
vailed. 

Valuble (eflre plus), to be 
of more force. 

Values arguments, a7gu- 
ments of weight and 
force. 

Vancre, to vanquifo. 

Vanez, potius vaux, du 
pais (mieutz), mcjifub- 
fianiial or fuff^cient of 
the county. 

Vanque, vanquifhed. 

Vanra a age, ftj all arrive 
at the a'je. 

Van fill melz, it would he 
better. 

Vant (le), the afore/aid. 

R 3 Vant 



fe4^ V A 

Vant parlour (office de), 

the office of Speaker of 

the Houfe of Commons . 
Vaollaunce, value. 
Vaquans, vacant, 
Vaquier, vaquer (ne peuf- 

fcnt), cannot he at lei- 

fure. 
Varech, fhipwreck. 
Variaunfe, change. 
Varies, fervants. 
Varlet, a yeoman. 
Varleton, a groom, 
Varraie, true, 
Varvick, Warwick. 
Vaflalle, vaiflels, vaSaux, 

vejfels, 
Vaflaux, men of courage. 
Vafl, wajie. 
Valiant, ivajiing. 
Vat, go^ extend to. 
Vau, a valley. 
"^^M^vz^ fhnll give up. 
Vaues, vauez, vauiz, 

vauetz (des meulz), of 

the moji fuhjiantial^ 

worthy. 
Vavetz dcs countees (dcs 

mieultz), men of the 

hejl reputation in the 

county. 
Vault, worth, avails, is of 

force. 
Vault (ne), cannot be had, 

failcth, 
Vaukenant (un), an un- 



V E 

thrift.^ or one that is 

worth nothing. 
Vaultre, a mnngrel hound, 
Vaulx, vallies. 
Vaunt dit (la), the afore- 

fatd. 
Vaufifent (fi ii), if they 

could. 
VaufTiffee, vouchfafe, 
Vaufljffies efchevour (ke 

vous), that you would 

vouchfafe to receive. 
Vaufl (il), // goeth, it en- 

ureth. 
Vaxel, veffel. 
Vay (lune leue de), one 

mile of the way. 
Vaylaunce efpernes (ne), 

fparing no pains. 
Vaylantz, worthy, vali- 
ant. 
Vaylorent (qils), as they 

thought fit. 
Vayn, the autumn, 
Ubblie, oblivion. 
Ubliaunce, forgetfulnefs. 
Ubois, where. 
Udifs, udyfs (gens), idle 

people. 
Udiftc, mifery, idlenefs, 
Udincfs, idlenefs, 
Ve, faw. 
Ve, worth. 
Ve, vee, true 
Vea (luy), refufed him, 
Vea, veia, refujed' 

Veane, 



V E 

Veage, voyage, 

Veair, to fee. 

Vealletz, yoii ivilU 

Veance (en), in viezv^ in 
expe6lation of. 

Veaude place, 'voidy vacant 
place. 

Veault, he is willing, 

Vedentz, feeing. 

Vce, refufal, 

Vee de name (plees de), 
pleas de vetito namio. 
Holding plea of dijirejfes 
taken and forbid to be 
replevied. Name, nam, 
naam,namps,<3«(inams, 
•which ftgnifies a dijirefs, 
come from the Saxon verb 
niman, capere, to take. 

Vee, fent. 

Vee mye (ne), does not in- 
tend. 

Veel, old. 

Veelez vifcountz, old/he- 
riffs. 

Veenr, forbid, deny. 

Veer, true. 

Veer, to a5l, to view. 

Veer (nous voulons), 'we 
will fee. 

Veer avant (en), to pro- 
ceed. 

Vees, think. 

Veet le coroner, let the co- 
ronor go. 

Vei'ue, widozc. 



V E 247 

Vegle, blind. 

Vei jeo ne, jeo ne veign, / 
do mtfee. 

Vei, veye, this day. 

Vcia, refufed. 

Veiance (par), by feeing. 

Vcici, behold. 

Veie, \Zyfeen. 

Veie (tote), quite laid open 
to the fight, 

Veient, may fee. 

Veiers, true, 

Veies, veez, la viCydiJlreffes 
forbidden to be replevied, 
the refufing to let the 
owner have his cattle 
which were dijlrained. 

Veif, vefve, vefues, a wi- 
dow ; widows. 

Veifuage, widowhood. 

Veigle (la), la veille, the 
vigil, the eve, the watch. 

Veigne, offend, 

Veigner, to come. 

Veille, will, 

Veillement, ym;/^, watch- 
iiig. 

Veiller, to watch. 

Vei lies, veils. 

Veilicz, vei!es, old. 

Veihee, old age. 

Vein (en), in vain, 

Veine, comes. 

Veinged {f\ altre), if any 
other fj all come. 



R 4 



VeincjuemeSj 



248 V E 

Vcinquemes, we conquer- 
ed. 

Veint diftinflement no- 
mcz, not exprefsly or 
particularly nmned. 

Vciuins (nous), we faw. 

Veir (mis en), produced^ 
Jhewn^ proved, 

Veir (faunz), without de- 
nying, 

Vcirge, le, the 'verge or 
boundslimitedto the king's 
court y i. e. twelve juiles 
round the fame. 

Veifcetz a lier (que vous), 
which you faw doing. 

Veiffetz a lier hors, faw 
going out. 

Veiftes(vous ne),_yc« never 
faw. 

Veilfon (il), they fee. 

Veit, fees. 

Vtl, I will. 

Vcle, may. 

\t\cx (en), in view. 

Velcwet, velvet. 

Vcira, will. 

Vclt, vcyl, vcUoit, velcc, 
will. 

\"cn, viewed. 

Veil la, coming thither. 

Venaianr, coming. 

Vcnancez, comings hafcn- 
ing forwards. 

Venanncez (enaux), inhe- 
inz revenzed on them. 



V E 

Vt decs, fales. 
Vendires (a), to be fold. 
Vendra, fhall come. 
V endra(nt), fljall not chal- 
lenge. 
Vcndre Ibit, fale may be 

made. 
Vendroins (a pcyne\ we 

fijould fcarce have come. 
Vendront (centre), fhall 

offend againfi. 
Venelle du litt, the fpace 

between a bed and the 

wall. 
VeneoLirs, hunters. 
Venerdy, Venardy, Ven- 

redi, Friday. 
Vengnent, they come. 
Venials (lont), are to be 

brought. 
Venjaunce, revenge. 
Venier (pur le non), for 



not coniing. 



Venifmus, we come. 

VenifFent 'qi), who offend. 

Venku, overcome, conquer- 
ed. 

Venours, huntfmen. 

Venra, fold. 

Venre (ic), the f cull. 

Vcnfirt ({^ue il), that h? 
fJdould come. 

Vent, comes. 

Vent (Ten), comes. 

Vent (p), by fale. 

Vent Tie), is fold. 

Vuit 



V E 

Ventprcftz, ready fak. 
Ventee, difperfed by the 

wind, 
Ventes, woods marked for 

fale. 
Ventier, ventiler, to hloiv. 
Ventifme jour, the ictb 

day. 
Ventrez (rumpes Ics), 

broken-bellied, bnrjlen. 
Venue, de venne (mal dt) 

the ejfcign de ma!o vc- 

niendi. 
Veoer, veoir, to fee, to in- 

fpe^. 
Veoid, fees. 
Veoir, true. 

Veors, viewers, furveyors. 
Veor, ivills^fJoeivs. 
Veot (unques ne) 7uver 

had fcen. 
Vconns nous, '■j:efcc; zve 

will. 
Ver, cattle. 
Xqv, true, appear, 
Ver (a), to ziew. 
Ver (pur), to fee. 
Ver, againjl, 
Ver en cite, potius vcrte 

circ, green wax. 
VcraiTicnr, verrcymcnr, 

truly. 
Veray, "jcry. 
Verbatcnienr, 'verbally. 
Verdi-aorc, Good Vrlday, 
Vc I'C d u i ft, '■jcrdit'l. 



£49 



V E 

Verek, wreck, 
Verement (la), the tvra- 

ment. 
Vercys, vcrreys, vers, verri, 

true. ' 

Vergee (ne acree q ne fu- 
ift un(j') which was ne- 
ver furveyed, meafuredy 
or laid out into acres. 

Verges, yards. 

Vergis, young fuckers. 

Vergnauntz, coming. 

Vcrgoignes, vicrgoigne, 
vergoyne, fljame, re' 
f roach. 

Vergor.der, to abufe, ra- 
vifh, vioL^.te. 

Verilemblables, very like- 
h. 

Verite, truth. 

Veritee (peufTe dire fa 
grofle), may relate the 
whole truth of his cafe, 
mtsy tell his own tale, 

"\''erreyment, truly. 

Verroie, true. 

Verroient, have a mind. 

Verronr, verretz, /hall fee. 

Vers eux (de prendre), to 
take with them. 

A'crlcr, to turn. 

A^-rfui^ towards. 

^\^rtie, truth. 

Vcs (autre), otherways. 

Vefcu (fi il uft), if he lad 
lived. 

Vefnes, 



250 V E 

Yelhes, ''iVidows. 
Vcfquc, vefke, a bijhop. 
Vcfquill, vefquircnr, vef- 

quifTcnr, lived. 
Vciqaill (fi il), if he zvas 

alive, 
Veirdnientz, //&/wo-.r appcr- 

tainitfg to vejjels and 

Jhipping, 
Vcfl, vetius, 'vejled. 
Vtrfter, veftu, to vejl^ to 

enure, vejied. 
Ycflcs» zvafie. 
Veftrc, vefte, cloathed, co- 

i-ered, 
VeftiTc, veftc, clothed^ co- 

vtred. 
Vellue, potius vefcu, (en 

core), 7?/// olive, 
Vefture, crop, growth. 
Ycfture, robes, vefiments. 
Vet (s'ei>), ^5 therefrom. 
Veterc, old. 

Vetcrlakkes, fetterlocks. 
Vcvanc, living. 
Veve, vcia (lej, the fight, 
Vcve, a inidoiu. 
Vevcres, 'uji dowers. 
Vcvcte (en III), in her zi'i- 

dozvBcod, 
Ytu, yaur. 
Ycue, d ^jjidem, 
Veuez, "jiill. 
Veu^Ic, blind, 
Veuls, ccihes. 
Vcuilianc. z^illin^. 



V I 

Veum (nus), we fee, 

Vcure (par), by being wil^ 
ling, 

Veus articles, old articles. 

Veufifllens, we would, 

Veut (per), by a way^ me- 
thod. 

Veute (de), by fale. 

Veuttez mye, claim no- 
thing. 

Vcutz, veuz, greigne, old 
grain, 

Vcwe, view. 

Vey (haut), highway, 

Veye (fi), // he perceives ^ 
if he ivill. 

Veyer, to view, to behold, 

Veyer eft, /> to be feen, 

Veycs, was. 

Veyet, fees. 

Veyle (le), the elder, 

Veyllcs, towns. 

Veyn, vain, void. 

Veyner, to come. 

Veyr, vier, truth, 

Vey re, true. 

Vey fin, a neighbour. 

Vcz (vous), you will, you 
wifh, 

Viage, voyage^ expedition. 

Vicar y, a vicarage. 

Vice, a defetl^ faulty errov. 

Vice, crime, injujiice. 

Vichei (un), an heifer. 

"^"icie, corrupted. 

\'iciQr, come, 

UidainCji 



V I 

Ui(5laine (1') the o^ave, 
Vidimee, a vidimus, 
Vidront, will. 
Viduele, widowhood. 
Vie, the view. 
Vieant, coming. 
Viec ftile, old Jiile. 
Vief naam, live dijlrefs. 
Vicgles hommes, blind, 

old, impotent men. 
Viegnes, vineyards. 
Vid^fenior, elder. 
Vieles, viez dcttes, old 

debts. 
Viel, calf. 
Viel bed, live be aft. 
Viels, vills. 
Y\tv\dvox\i, Jh all come i aB, 

offend. 
Viener, came. 
Vienes (ffiflent les}, Jhould 

make the views. 
Vienqe, comes. 
Vient (que vie, que), who 

is defirous. 
Vient, they fee. 
Vient (le), the loth. 
Vier, to deny. 
Vier, puit, may fee. 
Vierge fon marye, power, 

controul of her hufhand. 
Viergier, a verger. 
Viergoigne (en), to the re- 
proach, Jhame of. 
Vieront (al), they look to. 
Viers, tcivards. 



VI 251 

Vies (par plufors), by many 
ways. 

Vieftes (ou), where you 
fee or find. 

V'leUy Jig ht. 

Vieus, views, widozvs. 

Viex, viez, old. 

Viez (toiitz), all ways. 

Vigued, neighbourhood. 

Viguereufe (fame), a vir- 
tuous woman. 

Vikere, vicar. 

Vikeris, vicarages. 

Vilaine ferment, blafphemy 
againft God., the Virgin, 
and the Saints. 

Vilaint (ii), a villain, the 
occupier of land. 

Vileins faitz, vile, bafe^ 
villainous a^s. 

Vilenement defokr, bafely 
ufed them, 

Viles, old. 

Vill, a village \ a villain. 

Viliaine, vilenie, difgrace, 
difgraceful. 

Ville, citec de la, (com- 
munaltie) the communis 
ty or commonalty of a 
town, burgh, or city. 
This always p.gnified the 
mayor., aldermen, and 
common council, where 
they were to be found., or 
the ftczvard or bailiff, 
and capital bargeffes, or, 
in 



252 VI 

in Jhort, the go'verning 
pari of cities and towns, 
by what perfons foever 
they were governed^ or 
names and titles they were 
known ; and not the com- 
moners or ordinary Jort 
of burgejfes or freetmn 
only, Brady, 132. 

Villeez, towrJJjips, 

Villenic, villainous. 

Villude (que vous me), 
that you will acquaint 
me_ with. 

Vil pris, a lov: price, 

Vike, viknefs. 

Vilte tenu, bafencfs, 

Vinch point (joe ne}, I 
dcnt't come. 

Vincle (St. Pere lad), the 
fcjli'val of Si. Peter in 
bonds ; \fi of Augufl. 

Vine, vins, vint, t-jserdy. 

Vinez, vivez, flacked. 

Vingent, come. 

Vink, viriilrrt, caviUy got 
to. 

Vins vermeilles, red wines 
innedy carried in. 

Vinz, aunes, inued^ car- 
ried in. 

VinzliverezelllL (VII.) 
fevcn fcore and four 
pounds^ i. e. /144. 

Vintcront, they tie, or bind, 

* Po:ii;3 I' fa. See Ror. 
Hale's Mii. 



V I 

Viollent (ne), they will not. 

Vict, envy, 

Vioure, to live. 

Virent (qui), who f aw. 

Virge, a virgin. 

Virolez, ferrilled, tipped, 
capped. 

Viron, about. 

Virtons, veritons, viret- 
tons, arrows, 

^'if. vifc. vikontQ, fjeriff. 

Vis, alive, alfo void. 

Vis, vile, face, vifage, 

\'\s, forefeen. perceived. 

Vis, advice. 

Vis a fair, thought fit to be 
done. 

Vile ne did refs (p), by fe- 
crct dijlrefs. 

Vifcns, vifnes, nci'^hhours. 

Viles, hinds *. 

Vifeur, the face. 

Vifitatour, vifitcr. 

Vifne, neighbourhood, ve- 
nue. 

Vilnces viles, neighbouring 
towns. 

VifTe, the vizor of a hel- 
met. 

Viril'nr, had. 

UiiTerie, tie office of porter. 

Vift, virenr, y^i;:;. 

Vill le coroner, let the co- 
roner zo> 

o 

Pail. Vol. II. p. 94.. Pet. 22. 

Via 



UN 

Vilt enfower (per), by bu- 
rying alive. 
Vifteconfaii, fpeedy coun- 
cil. 
Vit, privities. 
Vir, cighi. 
Vitel (un), a calf. 
Viteretz (en), in truth, 
Vivand (en ion), ;';; his 

life- time. 
Vive vols, by word of 

mouth. 
Viver (en), et in vefture, 

in visuals and deaths. 
Viver (pur le),/(?r the live- 
lihood. 
Vivers, fijh ponds^ zvar- 

rcns, parks. 
Vivers, livelihoods. 
Vivi, alive. 

Vivies, viver, vi^^als^diet. 
Viuperons, Jhail live. 
Viz, feen, 
Ul, any one. 
Ulle, a»y. 
Ulveftier, Ulfrer. 
Um (!'), the man. 
Umbracles, fecret fLices. 
IJmbre, /ha dozv, colour. 
Umbrcz, ccloured. 
Un mefme, the felf fame, 

one and the fame. 
Uncore, unquore, un- 

c[\}^s^fiiil, yet. 
Unt'ir.cnt, uniemcnr, in 
gcnenil ; unanimcifly. 



V O 253 

Ung count, an earl. 
Ungou deux, one or the 

other, 
Ungle, nail. 
Ungr, one. 

Uniemcnt, unanimoufly. 
UniBccnce, making one, 

uniting. 
Uniment, equally, in union. 
Unilbne, unz efme, the 

eleventh. 
Unite (d'), vjhatfoevcr. 
Univerfaire, anniverfary. 
Unzieme, eleven. 
Unkes (ne), never. 
Uns, feveral. 
Unlemely chofe (coe), as 

an unbecoming thing. 
Unfzime, unzicfme, unfi- 

me, unzim, unirme,^/^- 

vcnth. 
Unr, have. 
Ui^.t, tbcrcfcre. 
Unze (les), ary. 
Vo, or. 
Vo, yours. 
Voaie, voyo.ye. 
Voain, vomlieri, Autuviin. 
Voair, fee, apuar. 
VoaiTintnr a ceolbmandre, 
might fciia to fummQU 
titm. 
Voce, voice. 
Voccr, to coll. 
Voder unr, are "ivil'i/ig. 



254 V O 

Voe (par nullc), by any 
way. 

Voel (ne), ivould not, 

Voelliant, willing, 

Voels, vows, ivijhes, 

Voer, to view, 

Voefon (la), theadvowfon. 

Voell (les), let kirn vouch 
tbem. 

Voet, requires. 

Voct (qu'il), that he go, 

Voet (fi il), // he will, 

Voeve, voef, widow. 

Voguement, 'pajfing, re- 
turning. 

Voguer, to call again^ re- 
turn. 

Voi, / am going. 

Voi droit, the law requires. 

Voidera, will. 

Voidez, departed. 

Void re (a), to quit, 

Voie, true, 

Voie delch, hy way of ef- 
cheat. 

Voie de utre mer, voyage 
beyond fea, 

Voier, volar, voir, the 
truth, 

Voier (eft a), is to hefeen, 

Voier (per), pctius noier, 
hy drowning. 

Voies (nul), no right to 
accufe, 

Voiez, ye fee. 

Voil G^^)* I '^^'^'^' 



V o 

Voilde Irifhmen, wild 

Irijhmen. 
Voile (ne), cannot, 
Voilauncez feigniories, pO' 

tent lords. 
Voilent, violent, 
Voiler (rmlvey) J II will. 
Voillantz, men of worthy 

fubjlance, 
Voilleit, named. 
Voi loir, voillour, will, tef- 

tament. 
Voir (la), potius I'avoir, 

the riches. 
Voire, voirement, truly, 
Voife encontre, a5l againjl, 
Voifent (ne), go not, 
Voifl: avaunt, proceeds in. 
Volant, vollentifs, en vo« 

lentie, willing. 
Volatil royal, a royal 

bird, 
Volen trin e, giddy y wilful. 
Voier, to be willing, t$ 

wijh, 
Voier (bien), endeavoured. 
Voiez, would take away. 
Volg, volie, volys, will. 
Voiles, chaures, et gargaus 

de oifTeaux (en), in the 

fi^'l^^^->fi^Z^^Z-> ^^^ chat- 
tering of birds. 

Voloir (male), ;'// wll. 

Volvement des roifonsdu 
lein, winding up of 
feeces of wool, 

I Voloud, 



V o 

Volund, a will or tejla- 

ment. 
Volunt, meaning. 
Voluntrivcmcnt, wilfully. 
Voluptuofite, "juantonnefs. 
Von gre (de lor), of their 

own accord. 
Voot, voil, voit, be will, 

would. 
Vorra, vorroient, would. 
Vorrount (ou), or fhall 

hear. 
Vors, you. 
Vos, yours. 

Vofdretz vous, zvould you. 

Vouch bicn (s'il voer), 

fave if he would hid him 

welcome. 
Voucher, to 'Vouch, to call. 
Voudroicnotre h'lcu^wijhes 

cur welfare. 
Vove, a vow. 
Vover, to vow. 
Voulant (bien), good will. 
Vount, they go. 
Vounze, eleven. 
Vouffcierent, will. 
Vous e(l, is true *. 
Vou \^\^^fjould have a mind. 
Voultrenr, would. 
Vous vies (y ), yen would. 
Vout, voul, vifage, counie- 

nance. 



U R 2i5 

Voutent bille, prefer^ pKi 

in their hill. 
Voy, voye, way ; fcape. 
Voyce (jeo ntr), Idvn'sfes, 
Voyd, eight. 
Voyer, true. 
Voyerment, truly. 
Voyertie, truth. 
Voyez voluntaries Qzq\ 

I zvould he willing. 
Voyez, woods -f, 
Voy fift, let him go. 
Voylere(i! deyvont), they 

ought to wijh, 
Voys, voice. 

Voyfe, is direfled; iffue^. 
Voy fen t, let them go. 
Voy fen r jurer (qui), z:l^ 

are to fvuear. 
Vowe de frank p'corsic 

(averj, have a vicjo of 

frank pledge. 
Voz (par les) ly yours. 
Vraes, true. 
Vre, your. 

\jrQ, ure, praUice^ ufc, 
Ure (mis en) put in prac- 
tice. 
Ure (al) r.l the time. 
Ure appntc, haze linJc- 

Jlandlng. 
Ure, burp.:'}, 
Urc'il'Jt::, prajer.;. 



* Pot: us ifi.r fji. .'-'ee P.ot. I\ni. V 
Halt's M^. 

t Put'iU- bov(-7, r>:. 0. u.o- 1\:. ( ^. 



IJ. 



Vicn: 



256 



U T 



Urent avannt, were fore- 
times. 

Urera, Jhall ferve, Jhall 
he ufefuL 

Urera [t\<c) Jhall not veji. 

Urgeroule, urgent, eager* 

Vrie (per) by^vayof 

Urur de eux (per) hy ful- 
ling out the eyes. 

Us, huts^ houfe, doors. 

Us, ufe^ cujlom. 

Us (de) of them. 

Ufcc, ufage. 

Ufees (rien) not at all 
made life of. 

Ufents, ufing. 

Ufez (les) the profits. 

Ufier, make ufe of, ufed. 

Uffenc trove (q) that they 
fjjould find. 

UiTcrs et ports, tifJjcrs and 
porters. 

Ufles (fichlczes) fixed on 
the doors. 

UiTey (fijeo);/ I had. 

UfToit eftre, would be, had 
been. 

Uflbyr, ufTont, had. 

Ufum, hitherto, fo far. 

Ur, and. 

Ur, eight. 

Uce, the eighth. 

Utcs, iu:is, utaves, utus, 
oBavas. 

Utifme, utim, ei-^hth. 

Utine (d') of the eighth. 



W A 

Utre ceu terme, beyond 
that time. 

Utrard, lately. 

Utter (que) who gives out^ 
or piiblifccs. 

Uttrees, utcercs, uttered. 

Vuech, eight. 

Vueille, vucllles, will. 

Vuidoit (le il fe) ;/// was 
robbed., deprived. 

Vuille, will. 

Vunt, have ; go. 

Vus (pur)/(7r j(;«. 

Vufe, ufed. 

Vut, had. 

Vut, fees. 

Vy (jeo) If aw, 

Vyant, feeing. 

Vye, life. 

V'ye^ refufed, prohibited* 

Vye de (par) by way of. 

Vyel parol, old word, 

YytUy feen. 

Vyle, vylys, vilU city. 

Vyncles, bonds, fetters. 

Vynee (del) of the neigh- 
bourhood. 

II ys, door. 

A'vtime, the eighth. 

\ z, your. 

Uxuolt, pycV'f. 

Uzzans, with Ait. 

Wacreoiirs, vagabonds. 

Wacrus viaundes, yotien 
ir.eat, c:rruTted. 

Wci^yt:, gages, /iireties. 

Waiie 



W E 

Wage (feu) bis challenge. 
Waifnez, waived. 
Waillez fanz paftour, left 

without a teacher. 
Wainable, that may be 

ploughed or manured. 
Wai nent lour querells qui, 

who gain their fuits. 
Wakerantz, vagrants, 

people who go begging, 

and Jirolling about the 

country. 
Walais, Walaix, Wallois, 

Weljh. 
Walcfeh, the language of 

the Walons. 
Wallez, Wales. 
Wand it (le) the afore faid. 
Warandir, to guarantee. 
Wardees r^\\ji%,betterkepty 

ohferved. 
Warnefture, the necejjaries 

for fortifying a place. 
W'arretz, fallow, iin- 

ploughed. 
Wart r um, let a man 

take care. 
Wcfemeftre, Wefiminfer. 
Wafkerantz, wandering 

abroad. 
Waft et beal, handfomely, 

civilly. 
Wafteynes (lues) wajle 

places. 
Wautham, Waltham. 
Way our, a wean, or 

were. 



W Y 257 

Wcducs, widows. 
Wefs, w«ifs, waifs. 
Weigher, to weigh, 
Welogh, willow. 
Wener (pur) to condu&. 
Wcrpir, to yield up, givi 

upiforfake, 
Wcrrons, fhallfee. 
Weruft, awruft, doubt. 
Weftmuftcr, Weftminfier^ 
Weftours, wajfailers. 
Weuce, a widow. 
Weux, a beggar, 
Weymoller, Wejlminfie^^ 
Weynez, weyna, weyne, 
deferted, relinquifhed, in a 

decline. 
Weyve, waived. 
Weyver, to waive, 
Wherwes, wharfs, 
Wiere, war. 
Windemonet, the month 

of O^lcher cr Novem- 
ber. 
Windowe, a blank place ^ 

or fpace. 
Wis, wifdom, prudence, 
Witenibre, OBober. 
Witimc jor, the eighteenth 

day. 
Witive, witave, wicflieve, 

eight, eighth. 
Wombes, bellies. 
Worftetz (lit de) a bed of 

worjled. 
Wou (un) a vow. 
S Woylc, 



458 Y E 

Woyle, wilL 
"Wuidier, to evacuate. 
"W'yt myle unces d*our 
(pour) for eight thoU' 
/and ounces of gold. 
Wyt (dixe), eighteen. 
Xcnie, a new-year's gift. 
Xentei!e» afpark. 
Xeurte, ajfurance, promife, 

furety. 
Xeut, follows^ 
Xexantes, fixty. 
Yalemaines, at the leajl, 

however. 
Yaue,yave,yaiies chaude, 

hot water. 
Yaues (par) by water. 
Yaus i^^oMxyfor them. 
Yauxi (devant leurs) be- 
fore their eyes. 
Ycel (en) in it. 
Ycement, thus^ in like 

manner. 
Ycen, this^ that. 
Yccftes (per) by tbefeprc' 

fents. 
Yceux, y ceaux, ycxXt^thofe, 

them. 
Yeit (fil) // there is. 
Yeme, hycme, winter, 
Yemcr (a) /(? winter. 
Yeoven, yeven, given, 

dated. 
Yerledom, earldom. 
Yeulx, yex, yes, eyes. 
Ytufle jeo efle (e tut 
and although 1 bad been. 



Y V 

Yeux ont (nous) we have 

feen it with our ozvn 

eyes. 
Ygaument, equally. 
Ygife, lies. 
Ygo, therefore. 
Yl, he. 

Yl fcmble, itfeems, 
Yl (ke) that they. 
Yleke, from thence. 
Ylemans, inhabitants of 
the ifles of Jerfey and 
Guernfey, 
Ylles, yles, ijles. 
Yloques, threw. 
Ymage, an image. 
Ymagine, adorned^ em- 
broidered. 
Ympnaire,^ book ofhymnsj 
with books of conjura- 
tions^ and church legends, 
Yo, yio, an egg, 
Yoe, ivc, water. 

Yra (il) he pall go. 

Yraigne, a fptder. 

Yraut, an herald. 

Yraudement, in a pajfton. 

Yretge, an heretic. 

Yris, ivory. 

Yrois, an Irifhman. 

Yrra mys (n') fhall not go. 

Yfoit, therein be. 

Yflemcnr, an iflander. 

Yfiir, to come, to go out. 

Yfl, he is. 

Yiircni(nc)zuill not go out. 
Ytal, 



Y V 

Ytal, tlus^fo, 

Ytel, fuch. 

Yve, water, 

Yvant, feeing. 

Yver, y vre,yverne,tt;/«/^r. 

Yvernayle (ble) winter 

corn, 
Yver (froidare) a frojly 

winter. 
Yverefs (per) through 

drunkennefs, 
Yveroigner (dc) in a 

drunken Jit » 



ZI Hi 

Yveroynes (Ics ) drunkr 

ards, 
Yvifcs, fervices. 
Ywell (per) equally, 

Zabulon, fand. 

Zern, yarn, 

Zork (due dc) duke of 

Tork, 
Zufche (Sire Aleyn la) 

Sir Alan Zouche, 



FINIS. 



THE 



W 



O F 



WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR, 



WITH NOTES AND REFERENCES. 

I. The Laws of William (being the fame, as the Title 
imports, which Edward the Confeflbr obferved before him) 
in three Columns; viz. the Laws themfeives in the Norman 
Language, with Dr. Wilkins's Latui Tranflation of them in 
oppofite Columns ; and an £nglifh Tranflation in another 
Column, with Notes ; and alfo References from each Law, 
to the Anglo-Saxon Laws. 

IL The pd, 55th, 58th, 5fth and 63d Laws, in Latin, 
of William, which, towards the latter End of his Reign, he 
added to thofe of Edward the ConfeiTbr, and by which he 
eftabliflied the Feodal Syftem here ; tranflated into Englifh, 
with occafional Notes. 

By ROBERT KELHAM, 

OF L I N C O L N S - 1 N N. 



LONDON: 

Printed for EDWARD BROOKE, 

Succcffor to Meff. W O R R A L L and T O V E Y, 

in Bell-Yard, near Temple-Bari 



MDCCLXXIX. 



( iii ) 



PRELIMINARY DISCOURSE, 



TO TH E LAWS OF 



WILLIAM THE CONQ^UEROR, 



THE Laws of William I. having at various 
Times engaged Men of very great Learning and 
Abilities in different Countries, in tranQating them 
into foreign Languages ; I hope I need not apologize 
for endeavouring to give a more perfe(5l Tranflatiori 
of them into our own Tongue, than has yet been 
done. 

The great Selden, in his Notes on Eadmer, was 
the firft who attempted to render thefe Laws into 
Latin -, but he left many Parts of them (on account 
of the Rudenefsof the Norman Tongue) untranflated 
as he found them. The very learned Ducange, at the 
Inftance of Gabriel Gerberon, of the Benedicline Or- 
der, who publifhed the Works of Saint Anfelm, tranf- 
lated the whole of thefe Laws into the fame Lan- 
guage, which Tranflation is added at the End of 
Gerberon's Edition. Dr. Wilkins, in his Code of anti- 
ent Laws, amongft which he has inferted thefe of 
William, has likewife tranflated them into Latin, 
neither intirely adopting the Verfion of Selden or 
Ducange ; but frequently varying from both. 



a 2 



Moaf. 



IV PRELIMINARY DISCOURSE TO THE 

Mr. Houard, a learned Advocate of the Parlia- 
ment of Normandy, has, among his antient Laws 
of the French, given u^, in oppofite Columns, thefe 
Laws of William, with Selden's and Ducange's Tranf- 
lations in Latin, and his own in French. 

Mr. Tyrrell and Mr. Mortimer have tranflatcd 
fome of thefe Laws into Englifh, and given the Sub- 
ilance of others of them in their Hiftorics of Eng- 
land. 

They bear a venerable Afpe(51:, and are the only 
Laws extant in the Norman Idiom of that Age. 

The Title prefixed to thefe Laws of William, im- 
ports that they are the fame * as thofe which King 



* They are conjeftured by Selden to have been a Copy of thofe 
La\vs,*which by public authority had been reviewed and confirmed 
in the fourth year of Williain's reign ; and that the time ot In- 
gulphus's taking them down to his Abby was after the 15th year 
of William's reign, Seld. ad Eadmerum, 172 ; and which Sir 
Roger Twyfden has fixed at the 21ft, Wilk. 216. 

The MSS of Ingulphus's Hiftory of Crowland, with thefe 
Laws at the end, were, as Sslden intotins us, in his time, pre- 
fcrved at Crowland, but that, notwithftanding ail his endea- 
vours, he Gould not procure the ufe of it ; that he therefore pub- 
lifhed thefe Laws from a MS of them in his own cufiody ot 
about 200 years more recent date. Seld. 172,173. 

Sir Roger Twyfden had another MS of the'e Laws, differing 
but very little from that of Selden's ; as likcwife had Sir Robert 
Cotton. Wilkins 211. Notes on Fortefcue de Laudibus Leg, 
Ang. c. xviii. p. 47. London, 1775. 

Selden had his Copy from the Chronicle of Litchfield. Wilk. 
215. Nicholfon's Eng. Hilf. Library fol. edit. 

Mr. Somner had alio a MS of thefe Laws, which Wilkins made 
great ufe of, and which, when he publifhed his Saxon Laws, 
was in the Library at Canterbury. Wilklns's Prctace. 

But the moft authentic Copy is that which is in the Red Book 
of the Exchequer. 

The lit, 17th, i8th, 20th, and 36th of thefe Laws (they 
relating to the Church) are inferted in Wilkins's Concil. trom 
the MS of Ingulphus. Wilkins's Concil. torn. i. p. 313,314. 
Whelock's Lamb. Archaion. p. 159. 



Edward, 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. V 

Edward, his Kinfman, had obferved before him ; but 
ti'is r att being called in Queftion by the above learn- 
ed Advocatf in his Preliminary ^ Dircourle prefixed 
to the antient Laws of the French, it will, in order to 
iDuintain the 'Jrurh of the 1 itle prefixed to thefe 
1 aws, be neccflary from our own Lawyers and Hifto- 
rians to give a Ihort Account of tlie principal Founders 
and Reftorers of the Saxon Laws j and, to fhew how 
thole Laws Itood at the Entrance of William I, fome 
Explanatory Notes alfo are added to the Laws of Wil- 
liaT., and References made from each ot them to the 
Anglo-Saxonic L.iws. Thelc will mutually illuflrate 
each other, and we hope will prove that the AfTertions 
laid down by Houard are not well fupporred. 

The chief Founders and Reltorcrs of the Saxon 
Laws, wer Ina, Alfred, tdgar, and Edward the Con- 
feflbr. Wnen King Alfred fucceeded to the Monar- 
chy of England, founded by his Grandfather Egbert, 
he collected the various Cuftoms he found difperfed in 
the Kingdom, and reduced aud digefted them into 
one uniform Sylfem or Code of I,aws in his dome book, 
or Liber judicialis; tins he compiled for the Ule oif 
the Court Baron, Hundred, and County Court, the 
Court lect, and the Sheriffs Tourn ; Tribunals which 
heellablilhed for the Trial of all Caufes civil and cri- 
minal, in the very Diftrids wherein the Complaint 
arofe ; all of them fubje6l however to be infpedted, 
controlled, and kept within the Bounds of the univer- 
fal or Common Law, by the King's own Courts ; 
which were then itinerant, being kept in the King's 
Palace, and removing with his Houlehold in thofe 



^ Apctennes Loix des Fran<jois confervees clans les Coutumes 
Angloifes recie'illies par Littleton, par M. David Hon;' rd, Avocat 
;iu Parlenient de Normandie, en 2 Vols in 4to. u Ruiicn, 1766. 



roval 



VI PRELIMINARY DISCOURSE TO THE 

royal Progrcfles, which he continually made from one 
End of the Kingdom to the other. And this Book 
we may probably fuppofe to have contained the prin- 
cipal Maxims of the Common Law, the Penalties for 
Mifdemefnors,and the Forms of judicial Proceedings; 
but though it is faid to have been extant fo late as 
the Reign of King Edward IV, it is now unfortunately 
loft. I Black. 64. — ^ Black. 404. 

This Code was called the JVeJl-Saxon Lage, or 
Laws of the Welt-Saxons, and obtained in the Coun- 
ties to the South and Weft of the Ifland from Kent 10 
Devon fhire. 

The local Conftitutions of the antient Kingdom of 
Mercia, which were obferved in many of the Midland 
Counties and thofe bordering on the Principality of 
Wales, and probably abounded with many Britifn or 
Druidical Cuftoms, were called the Mercen Lage^ or 
Mercian Laws. 

The Cuftoms which had been introduced on the 
Danifti Invafion and Conqueft, and which were prin- 
cipally maintained in the North, in the reft of the 
Midland Counties, and alfo on the Eaftern Coaft, 
went under the Name of Dane Lage or Danifti Law. 

Thefe three Laws were, about the beginning of the 
nth Century, in Ufe in different Counties of the 
Realm ; but King Edgar obferving the ill Effe£ls of 
thefe three diftindt Bodies of Laws prevailing at once 
in feparate Parts of his Dominions, projedcd and 
began one uniform Digeft or Body of Laws, to be 
oblerved throughout the whole Kingdom. 

Edward the Confeftbr, his Grandfon, afterwards 
completed this Defign ; but probablv this was no 
more than a Revival of King Alfred's Code, with 
fome Improvements fuggefted by Neceffity and Ex- 
perience ; particularly the incorporating fome of the 
Britiftj, or rather Mercian Cuftoms, and alfo fuch of 
the Danifh as were reafonable and approved, into the 
2 JVeJi. 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQ^UEKOR. Vll 

Weft- Saxon- [age, which was ftill the Ground-work 
of the whole : This, Blackftone tells us, appears 
to him the beft fupported and mod plaufiblc 
Conjefture (for Certainty is not to be expeded) of 
the Hife and Original of that admirable Syftem of 
Maxims and unwritten Cufloms, which is now known 
by the Name of the Common Law, as extending its 
Authority univerfally over all the Realm ; and which 
is doubtlefs of Saxon Parentage. 4 Black. 404, 

This Edward the Confeflbr effeifted without Tu- 
mult or Contradiction j all thefe three different Laws 
holding an Uniformity in Subftance, and differing 
rather in the Quantity of Fines and Amerciaments, 
than in the Courfe and Frame of Juftice. Spelra, 
Rem. 49. 

Fortelcue, indeed, is of Opinion, that thofe Laws 
could not be at that Time confolidated and thrown 
into one Body of Laws, becaufe each of thofe Species 
of Laws were in Force after, and are to be found, 
not only in Edward the Confefibr's, but all over Wil- 
liam the Firft's Laws. And not only Muldfts and 
Fines fet, according to the Dane-Laga, Saxon-Laga, 
and Mercen-Laga ; but Cuftoms and Ufages fet out 
to- be obferved according to thofe different Laws. 
So that he thinks it mud be meant only, that Edward 
the Confcffor made a Colledtion out of thofe Laws 
then extant, as Alfred did before him; and that, 
ordering ihofe to be obferved, which had not been 
obferved in the ffiort Reigns of Harold and Hardica- 
nute, he may well enough be called the Reftorer of 
the Englifii Laws. 

Thus flood the Laws of England at the Entry of 
William I. -, and it fcems pbin that the Laws com- 
monly called the I>aws of Edward the Confeffor were 
at that Ti-r.e the Handing Laws of the Kingdoni, and 
confidered as the great Rule of their Rights and Li- 
berties i and that the Englifh were fo zealous for 

them. 



yill PRELIMINARY DISCOURSE TO THE 

them, that they were never fatisfied till the faid Laws 
yftrc reinforced and mingled for the moft Part with 
the Coronation Oath. Hale's Hift. p. 85, 86. 

Accordingly, we find that this great Conqueror, at 
his Coronation on the Chriflmas day fucceeding his 
Victory, took an Oath at the Altar of St. Peter Well- 
minfter, in Senfe and Subftance the very fame with 
^hat which the Saxon Kings ufed to take at their 
Coronations ; adding further, that he would make no 
Piftindion between the Englifh and French. Fort. 
Pref. 26. Arg. Ant. p. 12. 

Of all the feveral Species of Laws, the Dane Lage 
pleafed William beft ; and he declared, that as his 
Anceftors and moft of his Norman Barons came from 
Norway, and were of Norwegian Extraction, he 
ought to govern the Realm by thefe Laws. However, 
he was at laft, by Tears, and Prayers, and Adjurati- 
ons by the Soul of Edward, who bequeathed him 
his Kingdom, diverted from his Purpofe; and at 
Berkhamftead, in the 4th Year of his Reign, in the 
Preftnce of Lanfranc Abp. of Canterbury, for the 
quieting of the People, he fwore, that he would in- 
violably obferve the good and approved antient Laws 
which had been made by the devout and pious Kings 
of England, his Anceftors, and chiefly by King Ed- 
ward ; and we are told, that the People then departed 
in good Humour. 

William 1. having now folemnly bound himfelf to 
govern chiefly by the Laws of Edward the Confeflor, 
ic became neceflary, as his Followers were Foreigners, 
and Strangers to the Englifli Laws and Cufl:oms, to 
have tht:m aicertained, and for this Purpole he fum- 
moned 1 2 Saxons from every County, to inform him 
and his Lonls upon Oath, what the antient L>aws were ; 
and Alured Abp, of York, who had crowned Wil- 
liam, and Hugh, Bifhop of London, by the King's 
4 Command, 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE COI^QUEROH. ix 

Command, wrote down with their own Hands the 
Keturn made by thefe Jurors. 

And to bring the Matter ftill nearer Home, In- 
gulphus, who was an Englifhman, who had been 
Secretary to the Conqueror, and afterwards made by 
him Abbot of Crowland, has tranfmitted to Pofterity 
this Account of his Laws. *' I brought this Time 
** with me (fays he) from London to my Monaftery 
" the Laws of the mod juft King Edward, which 
*' my Lord William, the renowned King of England, 
" had proclaimed to be authentic, and to be always 
" inviolably obferved through the moft grievous Pe- 
** nalties, and commended them to his Juftices in the 
" fame Tongue they were fet forth, left through Ig- 
** norance we or ours might happen to offend.'* 
Ingul. Hift. Seld. Ead. p. 172. Whelock's Edit. 
of Lambard's Archaion, 158, 159. Wilk. Leg. 
Saxon. 216. 

Having given an Account how the Laws ftood at 
the Entrance of William I ; we will now lay before the 
Reader what Houard has advanced in Oppo- 
fition thereto, and make fome Obfervations on thofc 
Paflages. 

His AfTertions, amongft others to the like EfFeft, 
are thefe : 

I. Guillaume le Conquer ant defendit fes nouveaux 
Sujets de fuivre d'auires Couiumes que celles de fon pre- 
mier domaine. Difc. Prelim, p. 23.31. 

William the Conqueror forbad his new Subjedls 
to follow any other Cuitoms than thofe of Nor- 
mandy. 

Our Obfervation on this is, that as William at 
his Coronation fwore that he would govern by the 
Laws of Edward the ConfefTor, confirmed thefe Law^s 
by his Charter to the Citizens of London, and renew- 
ed this Oath afterwards at Berkhamiled •, it can 
never be imagined that after fuch Solemnities all thefe 

l-aws 



X PRELIMINARY DISCOURSE TO THE 

Laws were cancelled and abolifhcd : and indeed we 
have on the contrary, many Proofs from our Hifto- 
rians of the Obfervance of the Laws of Edward in 
his Reign. 

2 . Les Loix de Guillaume tCont rkn emprunte des 
Loix d* Edward. Difcours Prelim, p. 32. 

The Laws of William have borrowed nothing from 
thofe of Edward the Confeflbr. 

Here we muft remark, that Ducange, who tranflat- 
ed thcfe very Laws, fays, that William did not dic- 
tate to the Englifli new Laws, fo much as confirm 
the old, efpecially the Laws of Edward, to which he 
made Ibme Additions. Ducange, Di6t. Lex Angl. 
Vol. ii. p. 265. 

Thefe Laws of William comprifethe Ordinances of 
the Kings Ina and Ethelred, and more efpecially of 
Canute. Wilk. Leg. Angl. Saxon, p. 229. 

Rapin tells us, that the Cuftoms now pradifed in 
England are, for the moft Part, the fame as the 
Anglo-Saxons brought with them from Ger- 
many. Dilferration on Government of Anglo-Saxons, 
Vol. ii. Oft. Ed. p. 138. 

M. Lacombe, in the Preface to his Supplement to 
the Diflionary du vieux Langage Francois, fpeaking 
of William the Conqueror, fays, " Ses Ordonnances 
" font les memes que celles d'Edouard fon Predecef- 
" feur.*' Pref. p. 13. His Laws are the fame as 
thofe of Edward his PredeceiTor. 

3. A Vavenement de Guillaume att 1'rone, les Loix 
Saxomies etoient abrogees depuis long temps en Angleterre* 
Celles d' Edward^ qui ne confervoient aucunes traces de 
ces Loix, les avoient remplicees. Prelim. Difc. p. 34. 

The Saxon Laws had been abrogated a long Time 
in England before William L came to the Crown. 
The Laws of Edward, which preferved no Traces of 
thofe Laws, had fucceeded in their Room. 

Surely 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. XI 

Surely nothing can be further from the Truth than 
this. 

All Hiftorians agree, that the Laws which William 
I, fwore to obferve, were, ** bonas et approbatae an- 
" tiqu;£ Regni Leges," the good, approved, and an- 
tient Laws of the Realm. Pref. 8 Coke. 

That thefe Laws were no other than the Laws of 
Edward the ConfefTor •, and that, fo far from not pre- 
ferving any Traces of the Saxon Laws, Coke fays, 
they contain the Subftance of all thofe ; and that 
what was Law in thofe Days is ftill the fame in fcveral 
Inftances. Pref. to 6 Coke. 

This will appear from the Laws themfelves, for 
many of the Laws of Edward the Confeffor are the 
very fame as in former Saxon Kings ; and many Ex- 
preflions and Words, and moft of the Terms in Wil- 
liam Ps Laws, are mere Saxon, and derived from 
that Language, but put into Norman French, For- 
tefcue's Pref. to Reports. 

The Common Law, though fomewhat altered and 
impaired by the Violence of the Times, has in a great 
Meafure weathered the rude Shock of the Norman 
Conqueft. Black. Vol. i. p. 17. 

The Laws of William L are in general little other 
than Tranfcripts of the Saxon Laws or Cuftoms. 
Sullivan, Le(5l. xxviii. p. 288. 292. 

4. Lit t let 071 diftingue en cbaque Article de f on Recueil 
ce qui eji de la commune Loi ; c'eji a dire, de la Lot eta- 
hlie par Guillaume le Conqu'rant d^avec ce qui a ete in- 
ftitus par des Chartes, Statuts, ou Edits pojlerieurs, 
Difcours Prelim, p. 42. 

Littleton diftingui flies in every Sedlion of his 
work, what the Common Law is ; that is, the Law 
ellablifhed by William the Conqueror, from that 
which has been ordained by Charters or Statutes fmce 
his Time. Dilc. Prel. p. 42. 

This 



Xli PRELIRtlNAHY DISCOURSE.' 

This Norman Jurift fecms to have a very impcrfc6k 
and inadequate Idea of what we underftand by the 
Common Law^ when he tells us, it is the Law efta- 
bliflied by William the Conqueror. Let us confult 
our own Lawyers and Hiflorians, and they will in- 
form us, it was called Folc-Rigbt in the Saxons 
Times-, that Alfred, Edgar, and Edward the Confef- 
for, were the great Compilers and Reftorers of the 
Englifh Laws ; and thatthefe are the Laws which our 
Anceftors ftruggled fo hardly to maintain under the 
firft Princes of the Norman Line, and which fo vigo- 
roufly withftood the repeated Attacks of the Civil 
Lawj and that theie (and not the Law eftablilhed by 
"William) gave Rife and Original to that CoUedtion of 
Maxims and Cuftoms which is now known by the 
Name of the Common Law. i Black, 66. 

To thefe Laws, William, at the latter End of his' 
Reign added fome of his own, which were the Means 
of eilablifliing the Feudal Syflcm in this Nation ; 
and, by his Charter, he commanded that all his Sub- 
jefts Ihould enjoy the Laws of King Edward in all 
Things, with thofe Additions which he had appoint- 
ed for the Good of the Englilh. 

Si me errajfe deprehenderis, in viam revoca ; el Ducem 
fequar manibus pedtbufq^ue, Houard, Title, Vol. ii. 



L A W S 



THE , 

ANGLO-SAXON LAWS 

REFERREDTO, 

As found hi WILKINS. 

THE Laws of ^thelbirht p. i 

He was King of Kent, and the firfl: Chri- 

flian King of the Saxons. He began his 

reign 5^5 1 and died in 616. 
The Laws of Hlothare and Eadric p. 7 

They were Kings of Kent ; the firft began ' 

to reign about 67 g, and died 685 ; the 

other was his nephew, and reigned but 

about a year and half after him. 
The Laws of VVihtrnsd p. 10 

He fucceeded his brother Ladric as King 

of Kent, and died 725. 
The Laws of Ina P- ^4 

He was King of the Wefl: Saxons ; began 

his reign 68 8 and died about 728. 
The Laws of Alfred p. 28 

He was grandfon of Egbert and King of 

the Weft Saxons; fucceeded to the throne 

in 872 and died 901. 
Foedus Aifredi & Guiihruni p. 47 

Guchrun the Danifb general was inverted 

by Alfred wit'i the title of King of Eall 

Anglia about 878. 

B The 



[ » ] 

The Laws of Edward (the elder) p. 48 

He fucceeded his father Alfred, and af- 
cended the throne in 901, and died about 
924. 

Foedus Edvvardi & Guthruni p. '^ i 

The Laws of Athelftan p. 54 

He fucceeded his father Edward in 924, 
and died 940. 

Judicia Civitatis Londonise p. 6^ 

Thefe Laws were publifhed under the reign 
of Athelftan. 

The Laws of Edmund p. 7 2 

He was nephew to Athelftan, who died 
without iftue, aicended the throne in 940 
and died about 948. 

The Laws of Edgar P* 7<^ 

He was youngeft fon of Edmund, and fuc- 
ceeded his brother Edwy in 959, and died 

hi 975^ 
Supplement to the Laws of Edgar p. 79 

Canons publiflied under the reign of Edgar p. 82 

Laws of the Northumbrian Preft)yters p. 98 

Mr. Johnfon is of opinion thefe Laws were 
made under a Danifti King, between the year 
949 and 952. 

The Laws of Ethelred p. 102 

f-Ie was the youngeft fon of Edgar, and fuc- 
ceeded his brother Edward in 979, and died 
abvout 1016. 

Book of Conftitutions 106 

Thefe were ordained int^he reign of Ethel- 
red. 

Cci;ncii of yiinham p. 119 

This v/as a general Council held between 
the 28l!i and 35th years of the reign of 
Ethelred, at ^^ineham, probably now En- 
fliam in OxfordHiire. 

Senatus 



C 3 J 

Senatus Confultum de Monticolis WalHa* p. 125 

This is placed by Dr. Wilkins under the 
reign of Ethelred. 
The Laws of Canute p. 126 

He was King of all England, and of Den- 
mark and Norway. He afcended the 
throne after the death of Edmund Ironfide, 
cldeft fon oi' Ethclred in 1017, and died 
1035. 
Book of Conflicutions p. 147 

This is fuppofed to have been compofed 
about the time of the Conqueft. 
Book of Ecclcfiaftical Canons p. 153 

Thele Canons, or Rules rather, are ima- 
gined to have been made about the time of 
the Conqueft. 
The Epillles of Allfric p. 161 

This ^Ifric was both a Bifliop and Abbot, 
and is the fame perfon wiiO compofed the 
book of Canons. 
Book of Ecclefiaflical Laws P* ^73 

Spelman conjeftures that this Book or 
Capitulary vvas compiled by fome Bifhop, 
The Laws of Edward the Confedbr p. igy 

He was the ycungeit Ion of Ethelred by 
Elmma his fecond wife, and Ethcired was 
the \oun"ell fon of Edg-^^r; he afcended the 
thione afrer the death ot Canute the 2d, 
the laft Danifh King in io-;.2, and died iot6. 
'Ihei'e Laws are luppoled to have been col- 
lected after William Kufus's time. 
The LaAs of William the Conqueror p. 211 

William Duke of Normandv, having gained 
a complete vidorv over King Hare hi, the 
iccond fon of Earl Godwin, on tiie 14th 
or OcloDcr 1066 j he was crowntd .i\ e 
B 2 ChrKlmas 



[ 4 ] 

Cbriftmas-day following, and died on the 
9th of September 1087. 
The Laws of Henry the Firfl: P- ^3 1 

He was the youngefl fan of William the 
Conqueror, and fucceeded his brother Wil- 
liam Rufus on the -i^ of Auguft i ico, and 
died the 2d of December 1 1 35. 



T H E 



THE 



A W 



O F 



WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 



WITH NOTES AND REFERENCES. 



References io ibe Anglo-Saxon Lazvs, 

*** The principal defign of making the References, 
from the Laws of William the Conqueror to the 
Anglo-Saxon Laws, and thofe of Hen. I.-, is tofhew, 
that the Laws of William, notwithftanding what 
has been aflerted by Mof?/. Houard, ftand greatly 
indebted to the Saxon Laws; in the next place ic 
is hoped thefe References will not a little tend to- 
wards iliuttrating both Laws •, and at the fame time, 
preient the Reader with a (hort view of what the 
greateft part of the Public or Common Law in 
thofe ages conGfted; as well as in fome degree 
facilitate, what is greatly to be wifhed for, a regular 
digeft of that molt antienc body of Laws, 

B ^ 



[ 6 ] 

LEGES 

GULIELMI CONQUESTORIS; 

Hi? funt Leges & Confuetu- Ces font les Les ^ les Ctif- 

dines quas Williel- tumes que li Reis'SViL- 

Mus Rex concejfit uni- liam ^ gran tut a tut le 

verfo Populo Anglia? Feuple de Engleterre, 

pqft fuhailam Terr am, apres le ^ Conqueji de la 

Eadem funt quas En- Terre. Ice'^les meifmes' 

WARDus Rex, cognatus que le Reis Edward 

ejus, obfervavit ante fun Cofin ^ tint devant 

eum. lui, 

I. De Afylorum ^ jure ^ immunitate Ecclefiaftica. 

Scilicet; Pax San6tiE /^O eft a faveir; ^ Paisa 
Ecclefiae cujufcun- V^ Saint Ygliie ; de 
que Forisfafluras qiiis quel forfait que home out 
reus fit hoc tempore ; & fait en eel tens ; e il pout 
venire potelt ad San(ftam svenir aSainteYglife; out 

NOTES. 

^Gva}itut. — In the fourth year of his reign. 

•> Conqueji de la 'Tcrrc. — According:; to Sir Matbrvv Hale, 
Blackftone, and others, the word Conquefl: fignifies no more than 
Acquifition or Purchafe ; but according to Dr. Brady and many 
more, it is taken in the fenfe Wilkins here undcrllands it, tor ah- 
foluteConquell. Hale'b Hili. Law, p. 86. 2d Black. 48. 242. Bra/h: 

* Les meifmes. — They were tranflated from the Saxon by the 
command of William, into the Norman Language, and then 
confiimed by him ; and there are not any Laws which are 
wrote in the Norman Idiom of that Age extant befidcs thefe. 

Eut ftiil we mult remember, that though thefe (}allo-Nor- 
mannic Laws, as well as fome othtrs in Latin ot Kdward tl-.e 
ConfcHor, have been handed dov.n to u.s ; yet that we inuil 
ccnfidcr them only as a manual of thofe Laws, and that the 
greater part ot the Laws ot Edward arc the immeaujiial Cul- 
Tom of the Realm. Wiik. .tip. Sold. 189. Male's Hilt. p. 80. 
Sulivan% Let'^t. p. 2^.0^. 
[S'jc a further account of thcil- Laws in the Preliminary Difcourfe.] 

4 Eclefiam j 



C 1 1 

T n E 

LAWS 

O F • 

WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR* 

^hefe are the Laws and Cujloms which William the 
King granted to all the Feople of England after his 
Conquefl of the Realm ; being the fame as thofe which 
King Edward, his Coufiny obferved before him, 
viz. 

I . Concerning the Privilege of Afylums, and Immunity 
of the Church. 

LET Holy Church enjoy her Peace ; whatever 
forfeiture a man hath incurred to this time, if he 
can come to Holy Church, let him have Peace of 
life and limb j and if any man lay hands on him who 

NOTES. 

'' Tint (levant lu'i. — Obferved before him; not tulif, enaded ; 
therefore fome are ot opinion, that thefe Laws were framed and 
promulgated by fome of the predeceflbrs or Edward the Confef- 
for, and efpecially by Canute. See VVilkins's Concilia, torn. i. 

p. 315- 

^ De Ajyhrnm iurr. — The numbers and titles prefixed to 
each Law, were added by SlIucu. Seld. 194. Wllk. 215. 

REFERENCES. 

Holy Church, Iv.x, c. v. p. 15. — Alfr. c. 11. v. p. 34, 3^. c. xxxvili. 

Jljjlums to tl'C A.'v^, Archblfhop, Nolle/fan, BiJJjopy Lib. Condlt* 

Temp. Aihel. p. ii», iii, 112, 113. 
Pf\7rf, Foed. Edw. iv Gutb. p. iji.L.i, — EJg. p. 76. i. — Can, p« 

\ z- . ii. ill. — HcM. I. p. 243. xi. 

B 4 has 



LEGES GULIELMI CONQUESTORIS. 



Ecclefiam ; Pacem ha- 
beac vitas & membri. Et 
fi quis injecerit manum in 
eum qui matrem Eccle- 
fiam qujefierit, five fit 
Abbatia, five Ecclefia Re- 
ligionis, reddat eum quem 
abftulerit, & centum fo- 
lidos nomine Forisfadu- 
ras : et Matri Ecclefice 
Parochiali xx folidos : et 
Capellae x folidos : et qui 
fregerit pacem Regis in 
Merchenelega centum fo- 
lidis emendet, fimiliter de 
compenfatione homicidii, 
& de infidiis prsecogitatis. 



pais de vie & de membre. 
E fe alquons meift main 
en celui qui la mere Y- 
glife requireit, fe ceo fuft 
u Abbeie, u ^ Yglife e de 
Religion, rendift ce que il 
javereit pris, e cent folz, 
de forfait, e de Mer Y- 
glife de ParoifTe xx folz, 
e de Chappelle x folz, e 
que enfraiant la pais le 
Rei en Merchenelae cent 
folz les amendes, altrefi 
de ' Heinfare ^ e de aweit 
purpcnfed. 



NOTES. 

' Pais a faint Tglife. — Pax Ecclefis frequently occurs, and fig- 
n'lfies the immunities and privileges the Church was intitled to, 
and whoever broke them was faid to break the peace of the Church, 
If any brawls or contentions arofe in the Church, the peace of 
the Church was violated, and a double mulcft was to be paid ac- 
cording to the dignity oi the Church ; from 5I. to 30s. ^Ethel- 
birht, 1. I. Wihtred, p. 10. S. 3. 4. Ina.% 1. 5. Lib. ConlUtut. 
p. 151. c. ii. Foedus £dw. & Gut. 1. 1. Canut. 1. 2, 3. Edw. 
Conf. 1. 2.7. Edgar 1. i. Concilium TEnhamenfe, p. 121. Sec. 

^» 3- ^ . 

Thofe who fled to the Church for refuge, were faid to have the 
peace of the Church. See next page» note s. 

Our Saxon and Norman anceilors called thofe days and 
parts of the year that were alligned to God, Dies i'acis et Ecclefiae, 
and the refiduc allotted to the King, Dies or tcmpus pacis 
Regis ; and in the Laws of Edw. the Conf. Term time is called, 
Dies Pacis Regis; and Vacations Dies Pacis Dei, etSanc'ta; Ecclefia; 
Spel. Rem. p. 79. Ed. Con. 1. 3. 



2. De 



LAWS OP WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 9 

has fought the protedion of the Mother Church, 
whether it be an Abby or a Church of Religion, let 
him deliver him up whom he has taken, and pay . 
100s. as a forfeiture, and 20s. to the Parochial Mo- 
ther Church, and 10s. to a Chapel ; and whofoever 
breaks the King's peace, the fatisfaiStion, by the law of 
the Mercians, is iocs; the fame for Hc'mfare and 
premeditated aflaulcs. 

NOTES. 

S Venir a fainte ^"^^i/t — Churches had this privilege from the time 
of Conftantuic, though there are no Laws about it older than 
Theodofius, either in the JulVmian or Theodofjan Code. By the 
nliith Law oi Alircd, the Criminal had Sant^uary for three days, 
/EtheliVan extended it to nine days. ^E-hehed, I. 9. to nine or 
more. By the 6th Law of Kdw. the C.uif. he could kc taken trnm 
Sanftuary by none but the Pope, or o-;;e authorifed by him. The 
King, Archbilhops, Noblemen, and Biiliops, hiGalfothis privilege. 
Conftitut. ^Ethelred, p. i 10. 

h T^l:/c tie Rcli^^ioH. — A Monnftery or Church dedicated to any 
religious Order. Wilkins. As to ihe de:^recs of Reverence and 
Privilci^e, and the puniftiment of violation ; Churches were thus 

differenced, viz. into Ecclefia Capitalis, Ecclcha Mediocris, Sind 

Ecclelia Campcuris. Jo. Biompton 918. 

' L'liJ folz. defcrKut e (Jc m(r Y^i':_f' df paroife s.y. fclz. fapii cediruis 

Ijo folidorum numeratione pucis EccLli^ violate; paenasluitOj Leg. 

Alfr.c. I. 

^ Heinfarc — this is fometimes wrote Hainfare and Hamfare— 

Lifultiis tactus in Domo ; and iecms here to fignit^y the fame as 

Hamfocen, and notfervi tranlitum, from ilein fervus ic firtranlitusi 

or Homicidii compenfatiouom, as it fomeilmies does. Ht.nfoken Sc 

Haintare are oUen uied as fyuonymoja in ancient Hilloi.ans ; and 

the amends is the fame. 

E lie avjeit p:irp:ii I'd — pro; iidUtatus atfultiis, L. \l:\. \. p. 2 1,2, 

1. to. or it may figniry any o.^'cnce comniittcd by a/.ai:, or jualice 

prepenfed. 



The 



lO 



LEGES GL'LIELMI CONQUESTORIS'. 



2. De Hominum 

HsEC placita pertinent 
ad Coronam Regis. Et 
fi aliquis aut aliqua vexa- 
verit, (moleftaverit aut) 
malefecerit hominibus il- 
liiis BallivjE & de hoc fit 
attinftus per Juftitiam Re- 
gis, Forisfa<^ura fit dupla 
Hlius quam alius quifpiam 
forisfecerit. 



Regis privilegio. 

Icee plaiz afierent a la 
Coroune le Rei ; & fe al- 
quens ^ u quens uxuoft 
mefleift as homes de fa 
^ baillie, e de eo fuift atint 
de la juftice du Roi, for- 
fait fuft a .duble de ce 
com me altre full forfait. 



3.. De Pacts puhlica violatoribus. 
Et qui in Danelega vi- E que en "Danejae fru- 



olaverit pacem Regis, 
cxHv iibris emendet : Et 
Fortisfadurse Regis quce 
pertinent ad Vicecomitem 
xl folidi in Merchenelega, 
& I folidi in Weil-Sexene- 
lega. Et de libero homine 
qui habct Sac & Soc & 



ifl^e la pais le Roi vii viiis 
livres e iiii ks amendes ; 
e les forfaiz le Roi qui 
afierent al Vefcuntexl foiz 
en Merchenclae, e 1 folz 
en Weft-Scxenelae. E al 
frans home qui avcit " Sac 
e ° Soc e i' lol e 'J Tem e 



NOTES. 

'' U qvc'ti nxunj! — ♦' Soit Comte foit Pievot," Hdinrd ; whetlier 
Earl or I'icvoft ; and ipdceJ Qi_icnz (;r Quens frequently fignilies 
Karl. See Laws ot Wllliani, xvii. Qjjens de Flandtr.- — Trcatilc oji 
prcroa. Q^een confort, p. i i.-Seld. Tit. Hon. p. 115. 

' BaiilJe, i. c jurisdi(fti()n, Province, Wilktus. 

^' Da;:clai\ — The Danelac, the Mcrclienlae, and the Wcil-Scvelae 
are all I. ere taken notice ot, as Forttlcuc has obl'crvcd ; which leenis 
to ccAHitenance his opinion, that thoie Lavvs were not all confo- 
lidaicd or thrown into one body or Laws; but that Julward tlie 
CoiiicHor made a coliei^tion ovit ot thele Laws then extant, as Allied 
.did bclore him. Fortejcuis fref. zt,. 

n vV/f, i'ln-, Tol, Ten, and J>itau^ti.n;f^ contain privilcigcs en- 
ivywi t)}' Liouia 01 Manors, and > icemen. 

Tol 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 11 

2. The Privilege of the Men of the King's Bailiwick. 

Thefe pleas belong to the Kint^'s crown, namely ; 
if any one whether Earl or Provoft, fhall evil entreat 
the men of his Bailiwick and be convi6led thereof in 
the King's court ; let him forfeit double what another 
would have fotfeited in the like cafe. 

g. Of the Violators of the public Peace. 

He who is guilty of a breach of the King's peace, 
fhall, according to the Law of the Danes, pay 144. 1. ; 
and the King's forfeiture, which belong to the SheriiT, 
is by the Law of the Mercians xl s. and by the Law of 
the Welt Saxons ls, As to a freeman who has fac 
and foe, tol and tern, and infangentheof, if he is im- 

NOTES. 

* Sac from pice, is that priviledge which a Lord of a Manor en- 
joys ot holtlinij; pleas and punifhiiig offenders within his Manor. — • 
It aifo fignilies the right ot taking the torfeitures or muldls arifing 
trom thence. 

r Sjc- from yocn. Is the territory, prccinfl, or circuit, wherein 
the privileges ot Sac, Tol, Team, Intangthere, &:c. are exercifetl; 
it alfo impons a liheitv, immunity, tranchife, priviledge, or ;u: iKiic- 
tion. Gloll. Dec, Script. — Somner Gav. 134. — S^jcl. 51. Ducangc. 
Houard, v ii. p. i i8. 

•J Toly the privilege of buvin<jand felling within his own ?J;ijior, 
L. Edvv. 24, l^rac. 5^, b ; al(o ot taking Toil ot what is boughr and 
fold there. To beexem|)ted trom taxes or tolls for what was loli 
otf his own domaincs. liouard. To be quit from paying toll in any 
part of the kingdom. Brad. Fht. p. 62. S. viii. 

REFERENCES. 

Alfred, p. 43. xxxvi. — Edward, p. 4.9. iv. — Athelil. p. 63. i:i.— 
Canute, p. 127. ii. — Edw. Cont. p. \vq. \ii. p. 203. xxx, xxxi.— 
\\"ni. I. p. 22S. Ii.-— Hen. I. p. 273.1x.\:ci. 

pleaded 



12 LEG-ES GULIEL'MI 

Tol & Tern & Infan- 
gcntheof & implacitatus 
fueric, Sc ad Forisfacfturam 
pofitus in Comitatn, per- 
tinet Forisfadura ad opus 
Vicecomitis xl Or^ in 
Danclcga, & de alio ho- 
mine qui ejufmodi Liber- 
tatcm non habet orsexxxii. 
De his xxxii oris habebit 
Vicccomes ad ufum Regis 
oras decern, & is qui eum 
implacitavcrit habebit in 
remedium verfus eum oras 
xii, & Dominus in cujus 
finibus manferit x oras. 
Ha;c eft in Danelega. 



CONQUESTORIS, 

^ Infangenetheof, fe il eft 
emplaide e feit mis en 
forfeit en le Counte, afiert 
il forfait a oesle Vefcunte 
xl "■ ores in Denelae, e de 
akre home qui ceft fran- 
chife non ad xxxii ores. 
De ces xxxii ores, arat ft 
Vefcunte a oes le Roi x 
ores, c cil qui li plait 
aurat de remied vers lui 
xii ores, e le Seigneur, en 
ki fin il maindra, x ores ; 
CO eft en Denelae. 



NOTES. 

1 T'em, from T\ man propagare, to teem or bring forth. A pri- 
vilege granted to a Lord ot a manor, of having, reftraining, and 
judging bondmen, thieves, and villains, with their children, goods 
and chattels, in his court. GIoJT- X. Script. Latro. 

^ Infangthief, from the Saxon in infra, pangan capere, and beop 
fur. Is that priviledge which the Lord had of trying and hanging 
a thief on his own gallows, who was taken with the goods ftolen 
upon him, within his manor. All thefe prerogatives were granted 
to freemen ior tli^ encouragement of hufbandry. 

Confidenilile farms could n(;t be managed by a fmgle family ; 
from thence it became natural for the owners to trull the cultivation 
of part of thoie farm.s to poor people and llavcs ; and that he 
fhould have the liberty of chatfifing them without obferving the 
forms of law, and to be anfwerable for wrongs they might do to 
fuch hufbandmen as lived alfo under his dependence, llouard^ 
p. 119. 



4. D^ 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. I 3 

pleaded, and a forfeit is laid upon him in the county 
court, the forfeit Ihall go to the ufe of the Sheriff ; 
40 ores, according to the laws of the Danes, and as 
to any other man not having fuch franchife, 32 ores ; 
and of thefe 32 ores the Sheriff fhall beanfwcrable for 
10 to the King's ufe-, and the profecutor ftiall have 
12 towards his damages, and the Lord within whofe 
'uifdi.^ion he refides fliall have 10 ores. This is 
ti,e Law of the Danes. 



NOTES. 



* Otes. S; j'man ard Somner are of o-iinion, that there waj 
no fpecitic coin caleJ an ore, but that it liL^nificd the f.'.me as our 
our.ce. It differed accoiding to the variation ot the ilandiird, r ;-.d 
was Inmetimes x'aliK-d at lad fonietiniCo ac i6d. ar,d at other 
tunes at 2od. Sc" G'.oH. X. Script. 

T.".'e nMncriuni dedlt 10, 10, vel 30, libras denariorurH dc 20 in 
or a. Dnii'ciJay. 

S )I;;-'):ir.t d.uc pro fil.i; 'i\\\\ nvirkand.i duas oras qua; valcnt 33 
dcnaiio;. Fui, Mu: 77 H. III. 



Ccn- 



H 



LEGES GULIELMI CONQUESTORIS. 



4. De Latrocinii reo^i^ fidejujfore qui montm ejus peri- 
cuium in fe fufceperat. 

HsEC eft Confuetudo in Cod efl la cuftume en 

Merchenclega ; fi quis Merchenelae, fe alquens 

appcllaius fuerir de Latrc- efl apcled de krciii, u de 

cinio, leu de Furto, & roberie, e feit plevi de 

pkgiatus fuerit venire ad venir a julHce, e il fcic 

Juftitiam, & fugeric in- fuie dedcnx, Ton plege fi 

terim, Plegins ejus habe- avera de iv meis e i jour 

bit iv me-nJes & unum de quer le, "^e fi il le pot 

diem ad eum qua?renciun"), truver, fi jurad "le dud- 

& fi pofiit eum invcnire, zime main que a Tuf-eque 

juret fe duodecima manu, il le plevi, ^^ Laron ntl lot, 

quod tempore quo eum ne pur lui ne lent e(l rul, 

plcgiavic Liitro con fuerat, ne avcir nel pot dune 

neque per eum. eiTct quod rendrad le chattel " e xx 

fugerit, nee cum prehen- folz pur la teft, e iiii den. 

dere pofiir. Tunc reddat al ceper, e une maille pur 

Catallum, & xx Iblidcs la balche, e xl folz al Rei. 

pro capite, & iv denarios En Wcft-Sexcnelae cent 

tri qui ceperit ipfum, & folz al clam ur pur la teft, 

unui;i obolum pro inqui- e iv livrts al Rei. K tn 



NOTE S. 

^ T. fi il Jc pot tru^TT — antl if he can find him ; bur the fcnfe 
iiecms ro itrcj'J'ie, liiat it flM.uki be ; and if he canr<ot fi.:d hiu:; 
povifjfin biingmadc in the latter p:irt ot this Li.w ; in laic the 
ihi'f 'A lis i;i.s,en. 

" t'c druh.nrc mn'n. See nc/c on L. 17. 

^ Laron /It! /it. — Laiio ncii f'uerat, Hill'. One wonkl rather 
fhir.I; :: i:;().;ici be ; liirronem ciT.M-iCi'civit, did )iot kncx l?c ikyi^ a 
ih- f, .-isin \ ,\^y 4S. S.T ah'n L. 4 1 . 

" F, xx f'li J w 'n /_;'/, c iv dm, rd crper, e loic ?r.rdlh: fur la 
h'-r. Moviaici ifHi'ds ii iluis, xx 3. for pi(;!cnb'n;; t''e lii^iiive, 
.■■,!;. t!_> rl'.c ;';i')I',r^ r;,u'i a niiiille to tiie huiidiec! to make i.!p lot the 



.a VI ihc L.i/ovn oi ;he abfeiii pLilt-n. 



fitione. 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQITEROR. I5 

4. Concerning him who is guilty of Larceny^ and his 

Surety. 

The cuflom of the Mercians is this ; that if one 
wlio was appealed of larceny or robbery, and was 
pledged that he fhould be amenable to juftice, fhall 
in the mean time flee; his pledge fhall have four 
months and a day to feek him up; and if he can find 
him, he, with 1 1 compurgators, (hall fwear, that at 
the time he became a pledge for him, he did not 
know that he was a thief, that he had not any hand in 
his efcape, and that he cannot find him ; then he fhall 
make amends for the the thing ftolen, and pay 20s. 
for the head, and 4d. to the gaoler, and a halfpenny for 
the inqueft, and 40s. to the King. By the Weft-Saxon 
Law, I COS. to the hue and cry for the head, and 4I. 
to the King-, and according to the Law of the Danes, 



REFERENCES. 



Of Plecfges^ Alfr. p. 3^. iii. p. 41. xxlx. — Edg. p. 78, vi. — Eiiw^. 

Cont. ;oi. x:c. 
Theft auoiH- xzd. ami the thlff ahni.-e iz years of age \ the puniJJj- 

mcHt, andfiifciturCy Jud. Civ. Lond. p. 65. ii. 
Theft from the J^in^, hu-zv to he conipofated, Athelb. p. 2. iv. 
Of theft ovnmittcd by a freeman, Hloth. and Ead. p. 8. v. — Alfr. 

p. 29. XV. — In«, p. 22. xlvi. — Edvv. p. 50. ix. 
Of the killing a thief Whii. p. 12. viii. — Inas, p. 20. xxxv. p, i", 

xvl. 
O/ thieves ivhen taken, their punifjnient, Inx, p. 1 7. xii. p. 18. xviii, 

p. ig. xxviii. 
Of the accufation e^f theft, Inae, p. 22. xlvi. — Ediv. p. 49. vi. — 
Of i-,:te:cet>tiiig things f>!e/':, or l>^:''g J"ukcI in the pojiljion ef ano- 

i'--er, Hlotii. and Ea.:. p. 8. vii. — Inx, 22. xlvii. p. 26. Ixxv. — 

Hen. I. p. 262. 



the 



l5 LEGES GULIELMI 

fitione, & xl folidos Regi. 
In Wcft-Sexcneiega c fo- 
lidos ad clamorem pro 
Capite, & iv libras Regi. 
Et in Danelega, Forif- 
fadura eft viii libras. xx 
lolidi pro Capite, fie vii 
librae Regi. Et fi is po- 
tefl intra annum & iv dies 
invenire Latronem, & 
eiim perducere ad Juftiti- 
am, redhibebuntei viginti 
folidos quos accepercnr, & 
fiac Juftitia de Latrone. 



CONQUESTORIS. 

Denelae, le forfalt viii 
livres ; les xx folz pur la 
teft, e les vii livres al Rei. 
E fil pot dedenz un an & 
ivjurs trover le larun e 
amener a la jultice, fi li 
rendra les vent folz, kis 
aurad ont, e feit faite la 
juftice de Larun. 



REFERENCES. 

Of compenfytim cf thrft, iEthelbirht, p. 4. xxix. — Ina?, ]). 24. — . 

AthcUt. p. 56. i. 
Of purgation of thrff, and of rccci'jijig things J^oloi, InT, p. zi. xlvi. 
Kj} ape of a thief ho-vj pi./i'ji.cd, in:e, p. 20. xxxvi. — Canute, p. 

13S. xxvi. — Hen. I. p. 24.4^. "ii. p. .^63. Ixv. 
Of the RcKvard for taki?:.^ a I'-^itf Whit. p. 12. x. — lax, p. 10. 

ixviii. — Jud. Civ.LuuJ. p. 6;. iv. 



V A 



tAWS OF WILLIAM TH£ CONQUEROR. I7 

the forfeiture is 81. of which xxs. for the head, and 81. 
to the King. And if he can find the thief within a 
year and four days, and bring him to juftice, let the 
xxs which he paid be returned to him, and let juftice 
be executed on the thief. 

REFERENCES. 

Of a thief taken ivith the manour. Wiht. p. 12. ix. Athelll:. p. 564 

i. — Can. p. 143. Ixi. — Edg. p. 78. vii. — Hen. I. p. 259. L. lix, 

— Win. Conq. p. 224. xxxi. 
Of theft, ivhere wife ami children are priny to it, Inse. p. 1 6. vii. 
Where Mafer prl'vy. yEthel. p. 57. L. iii. 

Theft co/fimitted by afervant, ivho are to be his pledges, Edw. p. 49. vi* 
By a freeman and feroant together, ixihich to be punifl;cd. Hen. I. pi 

259. lix. 
JfOjere by feveralfervants concerned in one theft, hcvi to be punij};edj Heni 

L p. 2 59. lix. 



5. Of 



l8 LEOES GULIELMI CONQ^ESTORIS. 

5. De Latronis prehenjione. 

Is qui prehenderit La- Cil ky prendra Larun 

tronem abfque fcdta & fanz fuitee fanz cri, yque 

abfque'clamore, quern di- cil en leift a qui il aurad 

miferit ei cui damnum fe- le damage fait, & vinge 

cerit, & venerit poll ea, * pois apres, fi eft railun, 

Jufiittam pojiulaturusy ra- que il dunge x Iblz de 

tioni conveniens eft, ut ^ Hen^ite^ c fin face la 

det X foiidos de Hengwite juftice a la primere devife 

& finem faciat Juftitise ad e fil pafte la devife fans le 
primam Curiam, & fi con- ' conge a la juftice, fi eft 

firmetur in Curia*, abfque forfait de xl folz. 
lirentia Juftiti^, fit forif- 
f i(5lura dc xc folidis. 

6. De Animalium Redemptiene, 

Is qui Averium reple- Cil ky aveir ^fcut, u 

giaverit, aut Equos, aut Chivals, u Buefs, u Va- 

Boves, aut Vaccas, aut ches, u Pores, u Berbz, 

Porcos, aut Oves, (quod que eft ^ Forfengen Eng- 

NOTES. 

y ^ue cil en leijl—tt\n ejus poteilatcnti tradicleriti deliver up. 
Ducangc, 

z Pois apres — foon afferwards, the word pois e poit^ being fre- 
quently taken in this fenfc. 

• Si confinnetur in atria, Wilkim — but the words in this Law afe, 
'* fil paile la devife." The punifhment inflicted by this Law on 
the party robbed, is but jiift ; as by bis ne(/Ie(fling to raife the Hue 
and Cry, the neighbourhood might have harboured a robber without 
fufpefting him to be fuch, Houard. 

•» Hcngwitey Hangzvit/jy or Hen^Mith^ from hanjjan, fufpendere, 
and pithe, mulcla. 

A multt for hanging a man without due judgment, or for having 
cfcaped out or his cullody. 

Aifo the liberty griintcd to a man to be quit from fuch mulft. 
Ducange 

' Forfcn'gcn, Forfang^ Forfcng^ and Forefcng, from po];e ante and 
pinj capio; uiually figuifies the taking of provihons in fairs 

I Fop- 



LAWS OP WiLLtAM TtiS. dON^ERORi I9 

5. Of the apprehending a Thief, without Hue and Cry r 

If any one, without purfuit and hue and ery^ ap- 
prehends a thief, and delivers him up to the party 
robbed, and applies foon afterwards for a reward, it is 
but reafonable there fhould be given him xs. for 
Hengwite^ and that a fine be paid to juftice at the 
firft court ; but if that court be pafled oVer withotit 
leave of juftice, let the forfeiture be 40 s* 

6. Of the refcuingCaitli. 

Where cattle are refcued, whether horfes, pien, 
cows, hogs, or (heep (which in EngtiQi is called Fer- 
fengen) he who claims them fhall give to the provoft 

NOTES. 

and markets^ before the king's purreyof ; but itcdnnot be here ap- 
plied ir. ^'..at fenfe, but mull rather be taken, as in the Laws of King 
Ina, for a certain lum of money given by the owner of things ftolen, 
to him who received them out of the hands of a thief; or to one 
who had found cattis which had ellraycd, and brought them to the 
owner. 

iietden, Bucav;yL\ and iVllklm, fecm to confider this chapter as 
treating ot Replevyns ; but with deference to fuch great authorities, 
the Reader will judge whether it does not either relate to things 
taken out of the hands of a thief, or to cattle eftraycd and brought 
back to the owners, or to the rcfcuing cattle which had been di- 
ftralned. The words " cfcut, lefniffum^ Lxn'^''* come from excu- 
tere, eripere de manibus alterius— Nemo namium excute'e prasfu- 
mat — Q^ii namium excudit, reddat, &c. Lee no one prefume to 
refciie a diltrefs ; let h'.m who refcued a dlllrefs, reftore it, &c. 
L. Hen. I. ^i. p. 25 ij. Qui rem furto ablatam de manibus latro- 
num excufiit. Who fnatched from the hands of a thief, the thing 
Colen. Ducan^e ; Excutcre., Forfang, 

REFERENCE 6« 

L. r. 

/'/(^, p. 20. xxxvi. p. 25. Ixxii. — Canute p. I38. xxvi. — Hen. L 
p. 544. xii. p. 2^1. ixY. 

C 2 in 



lO LEGES GlJLltfLMr CONQUESTORIS." 

Fojipenjen Anglice di- leis apeled, cil qil clamed 



durrad al grofs al ' provoft, 
aveir pur lefcufTum viii 
den. ^ jatant ni ait meis 
quil ont cent al maille, ne 
durrad que viii den. epur 
un Pore iv den. e p^r un 
Berbz i den. e ifitres que 
vit pur chafcun iv den. ne 
jatant ni aurad ne durrad 
que oit. d. e durra wage, 
e truverad plege, que fi 
altre veinged a pref de- 
denz Ian e un jour pur 
laveir demander, ^ quil i ai 
a droit en la Curt, celui 
de que il aveir efcus. 



citur) is qui poftulat, da 
bit Prapofito, in toto, pro 
Averio replegiato viii de- 
narios, nee tamcn habeat 
plus, qui centum habet 
pro obolo, non dabitpluf- 
quam viii denarios, & pro 
Porco iv denarios, & pro 
Ove denarium unum, & 
pro alio unoquoque quod 
vivit iv denarios, nihilo- 
minus neque habebit, nee 
dabit, plufquam viii de- 
narios, & dabit vadios, & 
inveniet plegios, fe, fi 
aliquis venerit ad pro- 
bationem intra annum & 
diem ut Averium petat, 
ad redlum habiturum in 
Curia, eum de quo is A- 
verium replegiaverit. 



NOTES. 

' The Provo/I, or Prapnfitus^ vias that pcrfon, who in the Pleas of 
the Foreft, at the County Court, and Sheriff's Turn, reprcfented the 
Lord of the Manor, whereof he was the Prd:pofjin; and he vvas no 
other than the Lord's Reeve, or as now called, his Bailitt'; one that 
managed his manor and lands for him. Sometimes ht is called 
Servicns Villa ; and if more Lords than one in a Town, then Scr- 
•vh'Htis fill^. 

The Lord anfwered for tlic town where he was rcfidcnt ; whcie 
he v\as not, his Dapitcr or Scnefchal, it he were a Baron; hut il 
neither or thcin could be prcfeiu, then the Reeve, and lour ot the 
bell men of- the town. Brady s IntrQd:itHc,.y vol. i. ^''■"Jf^iO'i 
Ln'^'^-'i of Hin. L c. 7. p. 57. 



REFERENCE. 
ILn. I. p. 255. li. 



7. Be 



# 
LAWS OF WILLIAM THE COIIQ.UEROR. 21 

in the whole 8d. for the cattle refcned ; and if all the 
cattle together are not worth mpre t-han loo halfpence, 
he fhall ftill give no more than 8d. for a fingle hog 4d. 
a fheep id. ; and for every other living animal 4d. 
each i neverthelefs • there fliall be no more given or 
taken than 8d. •, and he fiiall give gages, and find 
pledges, that if any other perfon (hall come with proof 
within the year and a day, and demand the cattle, the 
perfon, from whom he refcued the cattle, fhall be 
amenable to juftice. 



NOTES. 



Whatever thine; was found, was by the next law to be (hewn to 
the principil perlbns ot the vicinage; by the Conkiror's laws, it 
was to be produced beiore the pariili prieft, the prapojitus of the vill, 
and four of the moil fuhlVantial men ot it. L. Eckv. Conf. 28. 
p. 202. 

Houard thinks t}i's was the officer '.vho was appointed to take 
care of the cattle which had eflrayed. 

•^ yata.t ni aU mcis qull ont cent al ?nallle^ ne durrad que viii. 
denier i " But it' all the cattle together are not worth more than 
100 inailles, iie Ihall llill pay only 8d." h'ouaid. 

J ^til i a't a droit en la Curt, Ci'iiy d" que il ai'clr efcv.s — or 
whether this may not be rendered, " that he \v\\\ be amenable to 
*• the coun oi liim from whom he refcued the cattle." 



a%. 



22 



LEGE5 <5ULI£LMI CDN(i,rESTORtSf 



7. Be rehus forte inventis. 



Similiter de Averio va- 
ganti & alia re in?enta. 
Oftcndatur tribus parcibus 
Vicineti, ut tcftimonium 
habeat de inventione, (i 
sUiquis veniat ad probati- 
onem adrempoftulandam, 
det vadios & inveniat 
plegios fe, fi alius quifpiam 
poftulaverit Averium intra 
annum & diem ad re<ftum 
exhibiturum in Curia, id, 
invenerit. 



Altrefi de aver 4ndircz 
e de ajtre troveure ', feit 
muftred *de treis pars del 
veifined, que il eit tefte- 
monie dc la troveure, fi 
alquens vienge a pref pur 
clamer la chofe duiftwagc 
e trove pleges que fe al- 
tre clamud laveir dedenz 
Jan e un jour qui il ait a 
droit en la curt, celui qui 
lauerat troved. . 



8. De Homicidio £f? Capitis ^Jiimaiione, feu Wera. 

Si quis alium occiderit. Si home occitaltre, ^eil 

feit counfaunt, e e il denie 
faire les amcndes, durrad 
de fa ^Manbote al Seignor 
pur le franc home x Tolz, 
t pur le fcrf xx folz -, la 



& fit reus tonfiidens, & 
cmendare ncgaverit, det 
de fuo Manbote Domino 
pro libero homine x foli- 
dos & pro fervo xx foli- 



NOTES. 

« Dc trcis pars del veiJimJ — ante EccleJiam ducat, et coram Sacer- 
dotc Ecclelia-, et prepolito vihas, et inelionbus hominibus totum 
oftendat inventum tjuiccjiiid fit. L. Ed. Con. p. 202. 1. 28. 

' E il feit counfauKty and confefles it ; or perhaps it may be ren- 
dered, and is known ; the word ftit feems to anlwer //, and is in 
other places taken in that fenie. See L. Ht>i. I. 280. 1. 91, 92. 

8 // dt.fiLc — la Ducan;^e's Glollary, ur.ticr Manbote^ is read // 
doive — he oujbt. 

^ Mad'oti-, Irom Man and Boar. Cotnpenfation, is that part of 
the price ot a man killed, which was paid as a tompenlation to the 
Lord ul ine uec<;aicd. 



dos. 



LAWS OP^ WILLIAM THE CONCJUEROU, t^ 

7. Concerning Things found by Chance. 

What is faid of cattle may be applied to any thing 
clfe which is found ; let it be fliewcd in three parts of 
the vicinage,that there may be evidence of the finding; 
and if any one brings proof and lays claim to what is 
found, let him give gages and find pledges, that if any 
other perfon fhall claim the cattle within the year and 
a day, the perfon who found them fliall be amenable 
tojuftice. 

REFERENCE. 
Edvj. Conf. p 202. xxviii. 

8. Concerning Homicide y and the Were or Price fet on 
each Man's Head. 

If one man kills another, and confcfies it ; yet re- 
fufcs to pay the ufual compenfation : there fhall be 
given out of his manbote, to the Lord, for a freeman 

REFERENCES, 
L. 8. 
Hom/'cide, kinds of^ Hen. f . p. 267* Ixxii. 

Committed hy thofc in Orders, Edg, p, 90. ix. xi. Hen. I. p. 26?, 

Ixxiii. p. 263. Ixvi. 
Committed on a minijler of the Altar. Canute, p. 14a. xxxvUi.— 
Hen. I. p. 263. Ixn. 

Qn Infants. Alfr. p. 37. viii. Edg. p. 93. xliii. Hen. I. p. 266. 
On a ivoman big 'with child. Alf. p. 37. ix. Hen. I. p. 266. 
In the Kings Courts, Palme, Sec. ALii\dbr'n, p. 3.xiii,— Hen.T. p. 

272.1xxx» 
On his Lord, Hen. I. p. 268. Ixxv, 
On a D^ine, jEtheIr, p. 105 .v. 
On a fVetJ};man, Sen. Conf. jx 125. v. 
On a Frc?iihman, Win. I. p. 22'6. liii. — H«n. I. p. 269. Ixxv. p. 

280. xci, xcii. 
On an "Enghfjman^ Hen. I. p. zby Ixix. 
On a Freeman. jEthelb. p. 2. vi. — Wiht. p. I 2. X. 
By a Gttcjl, jEthclb. p. 3. xxvi. p. 4.. xxvii. 
Where many are affembled, AH. p. 40. 
Cafual Homicide, Hen. I. p. 267. Lxxii. p. 27I1. xc. 
jfujiifiable, Alt. p. 30. xxv. 

Aj'ylum, /tthel. p. X 13, i. — Alf. p. 29. :;iii. — Edm. p. 74. ir. 
furgation., Heu. 1. p. 268. Ixxiv. 

C 4 1 s. ', 



54 LEGES OULIELMI 

dos. Wera Thani eft xx 
librae In Merchenelega, & 
in Wed-Scxenelega. Et 
Wera Villani c lolidi in 
Merchenelega, atque eti- 
^m ia Weft-Sexcnelega. 



CONQ.UESTORIS. 

* Were del Thein xx li. en 
Merchenlae e en Weftr 
Sexenelae, e la wer del 
Vilain c folz en Merche- 
nelae, e eufement en 
Weft-Sexenelae. 



R EFERENCES. 



L. 8. 

Ho-M compenfhted or punijheti, ^thelbirt, p. 5. 20, 21, 22. — .'Ethelr. 

p. 1 1 1, iv. p. 105. V. — InsB, p. 25, Ixx. — Edm. p. 72. Hi. p. 73. 

i. — Canute, p. 134. vi. 
Murder^ '■.vbat. Hen. I. p. 280- xcli. 
Ho-jj pun;J];cd, Alfr. p. 29. xiii. — Hen. I. p. 267. Ixxi. p. 278. 

Ixxxix. 
Th^ Muld on the Kill or Hundred vj/jere the Murderer could not hefound^ 

£dw. Cont. p. 199. XV. — Hen. I. p. 280.. xci. xcii. 

9. ^ihus Capitis ajiimatio feu 'W^vdifolvenda. 



Quod ad Weram atti- 
net, primo reddat is qui 
eft de nobili knguine Vi- 
du2B& Orphanis x folidos, 
& quod fupereft Orphani 
& Cognati inter fc divi- 
dant. 



De la were, primere- 
ment rendrat Turn de halt 
Sainc a la Vidue a as Or- 
phanins x folz, e le fur- 
plus Orphanins e les Pa- 
rens departent entr'els. 



NOTES. 

' JVcrr, Wcrciy'dd, Wcrrgcld. ^uiinatio capitis — Head money. The 
price or fuin (when certain crimes were punilhtd hy pecuniary 
mulch inl;c:id or deatii) fct en every mons head, accordins^ to his 
condiri(;n .uul fiuaiity, who had been guilty of I'uch offences as were 
rcdeenublc. 



10. Ani' 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 2$ 

los. i and for a villain 20s. The Were of a Thane in 
the Mercian and Welt Saxon Law is 20I. and by the 
fame Laws, the Were of a villain is loos. 

9. To ivhom the Price of ihe Head or Were is to be paid. 

As to the Were ; for one who was of noble ex- 
traflion, let there be paid to the widow and orphans 
X s. ; and let the orphans and the kindred divide the 
remainder between them. 

NOTES. 

This cuftom was derlveJ to us, in common with other northern 
nations, from our anceilors, the ancient Germans. 

In the Laws of King Athelftan, we find the feveral WeregiUs 
for homicides ellablilhed in progrelTive order from the death of the 
ceorl orpealant, up to that of the Kinsj himfelt ; the Weregild of a 
ceorl was 266 thrymfa-, that of the King 50,000; each thrymla 
being equal to about one fhilling of our prefent money ; and in the 
Laws of Hen. I. we have an acountof what oSfences were then re- 
deemable by Weregild, and what were not fo. 

When the ranfom was fettled, the otfendcr was to find Were 
Pledt^es for the payment of it at ftated times, and then he was re- 
ftored to the King's peace ; but if he could not find any pledges, he 
was doomed to perpetual bondage. 

This U'cregiUl^ when the crime was homicide, was divided into 
Several parts, and paid under different denominations ; one propor- 
tion of it was paid to the kindred, another to the King, and another 
to the Lord. 

It the party denied the faiff, then he was to purge himfelf by 
the oaths of feveral perfons, according to his degree and quality. 



10. What 



26 tEGES GULIELMI CON^UESTORIS. 

10. Animalium aliquot valor, in Capitis aJUmatione 
tenfenda. 
In Wera reddcre pote- En la were purra il ren- 
rit quis Equum non caf- draChival qui ad la cuille 
tratum pro xx iolidis, & pur xx Iblz, c t{-.r pur x 
Taurum pro x folidis, & iblz, c afer pur v lolz. 
Jumencum pro v Iolidis. 



II, De percujfore. 

Si quis alium percuf- Si home fait plaie a al- 

fcrit, & negaverit ultra tre, e ii denie otrei fair les 

cmendare, pnmo illi red amendes, primeren-ent li 

dat caput fuum (id eft, rende fun k cheie, e li 

capitis pretium^vulgotVer- plaiez jurraz ^ur lentez, 

gi/dum) & illi percufibr qui pur n>C3 nel pot fair 

jurcc fuper Sanfta quod ne pur tiaur (i chjer nel 

aliter non potuerit facere, fift defarbore choeft de la 

nee ex mai^na quacunque dulor. 
ille fueiit in terram de- 
jedtus, id quod (caufa) 
doloris eft. 

12. De vulnere indito. 

Si plaga alicui eveniat Si la plaie lui vicnt a 
vifui apertp, capite toto vis en defcuuert al polz 
vifo JY dcnarios det per- tote veie iv den, & de tanz 

NOTES. 

^ J!/er, Dr. Wilkins reads uf/rr, which he renders yumfnfuiti ; 
Durangc and Houard traullate \t Ferrem j but it is fubtnitted to 
the Beader, wlicthcr 7/c/-, as in Lair.bard, is not the true reading, 
and whether Lcr in ly not, rrom ^/ifi, fignify a ram, 

cujjbr 



LAWS OP WILLIAM THE CONQ.UEROR. tj 

10. fFhat Beajis may he taken injlead of the IVeres. 

Inftead of the were of xxs. A ftone horfe may be 
rendered ; a bull for that of X5. 5 and a rani for 
that of vs. 

REFERENCES. 
L. 10. 

Were^ xxs. Hen. I. p. 270. latter end of the Lavr. 

Ofajfaulting another^ Altr. p. 38. xiii. xv, . 

II. Of one Jiriking another » 

If one wounds another and refufes to make him 
amends, in the firft place let him pay his Were, and 
alfo fwear upon the Gofpels to the perfon wounded, 
that he could not avoid doing it, and that it was not 
through hatred. 

12. 0/ the wound given. 

If any one is wounded, fo as that the fcuU is laid 
open, there (hall be paid 4d. ; and alfo the likefum 



NOTES. 

' E U plaiez jarraz.^ &c. Ducangc tranflates the pafTage thus, 
*' Et plagatus jurabit fuper fancta, quod pro minori (emenda) non 
" poteitiacere, nee proodio caiiorem (vcl majoiem) tecerit de far- 
" bota, id ell de dolore." Houard has tolluwed Ducange, but I 
have aciopred the tranflatlon of VVilkinsi though this mull be 
con felled to be a very obfcure Lu'tV. 



for 



28 LEGES GULIELMI CONQ,UESTORIS. 

cuffor^ & de omni ofTe, os cum horn trarad de la 



quod quis traxerit ex pla 
ga, ofie toto vifo iv dcna- 
rios, poftea compofitio ei 
fiat, fccudum honores quos 
ei (cs vel caput) fecerint ; 
hoc cum fecerit, fi cor 
fuum ei benevolum mon- 
ftraverit, & confilium 
fuum ei donaverit, acci- 
piat ab illo quod ei obtu- 
lerit. 

13. Memhrorum pracifcrum ^fiimalio. 



plaie al os tote veie iv den. 
pois acordement fi li me- 
trad avant honours qui li 
illiont fait, co quil ad fait 
a lui, fe Ton queur li pur- 
porrail, e fon confeil li 
donaft, })rendreit de lui 
ce quil ofFre a lui. 



Si acciderit ut quispug- 
num cujufpiam ablciderit 
aut pedem, reddat ei me- 
dietatem Werie, fecund um 
id quod fa£lum elt. Sed 
pro pollice reddat medi- 
etatem manus. Pro di- 
gito qui pollici proximus 
XV folidos, de folido An- 
glicano, hoc eft, quatuor 
denarios. Pro digito longo 
xvi folidos. Pro akero 
qui portac annuliim xvii 
folidos. Pro diorito mini- 
ino V folidos. Si ungucm 
quis priEcidcrit, pro quo- 
Jibet V folidos de folido 
Ant^Jicano, cr pro ungue 
diaiti njiiiiiiii iv denarios. 



Si CO avent qui alqiien 
coipe le poin a altre, u le 
pied, fi li rendra demi 
were, fu luc ceo q'il efl. 
Mezdelpochierrendradla 
meite de la mein, del dei 
apres le pokier xv folz 
de folt Engleis, co eft quer 
dcners ; de lunc dei xvi 
folz, del altre qui ported 
I'anel xvii folz, del petit 
dei v folz, del unglc fi il 
colpc de cafcun v folz de' 
folt Engleis ; al ungle de 
petit dei iv den. 



14. De 



LAWS OF Wit LI AM f HE- CO^QXriTROR; *9 

for every bone which appears to be extracfted from 
the wound ; but if the wound be afterwards com- 
pounded for by his Lords, at his own inftance, and 
with his own confent, then let him accept what is 

offered. 

13. '^he Rates to be paid for the lofs of Limbs , &c. 

If any perfon happens to cut off the fift or foot of 
another, let him render to him the half of a Were 
according to the condition of the perfon ; for a thumb 
he fliall render the half of the price for a hand ; for 
the forefinger 15s. Englifh, that is 4d. to every 
fliillingj for the middle finger i6s.; for the ring 
finger 17s.; for the little finger 5 s. If a nail is cue 
off, for every nail 5 s. of the Englifh (hilling; and for 
thenail of the little finger, 4d. 

REFERENCES. 

L. 12, 13. 

Wounds f Compenfatlon for, ^Ethelbirt, p. 4. Law 33d. and the 38 
followinu; Laws. — Alfr. p. 44. xl. — Hen. I. p. 281. xclii. 



U. Of 



so 



LEGES OULIBLMI CONCtUESTORIS. 



14. Be adulter to, 

Qui defponfatam altc- 
rius vitiaverit, forisfaciat 
Wcram fuam Domino 
fuo. 



Ki altrei efpoufe puf- 
gift, fi forfaic la were 
vers fun Seignor. 



15. De Judice corrupto. 



Etiam qui falfum tulerit 
Judicium, Weram fuam 
perdat, nifi fuper facro- 
fandta ( Evangelia) pro- 
bare poterit, fe melius 
judicare nefcivifife. 



Altrefi qui faus juge- 
ment fait, pert fa were, fi 
il ne pot prover for Saintz 
qui melz ne pot juger. 



1 6. Depurgatione ilUus qui Furti reus eft. 



Si quis alterum appellet 
de Latrocinio &; is fit liber 
homo, & habeat exinde 
verum teftimonium de le- 
galitate,purgec fe perple- 
numSacramentum,& alter 
qui infamis ante fuerat per 
Sacram.entum nominatum 
videlicet xiv homines le- 
gales ; atiamen fi is ha- 
bere eos poterit purget fe 



Si home apeled altre de 
Larcin, & il fot francz 
home, & il ait ondca verre 
teftemonie '" de lealte, fen 
efcoudirad per plein fer- 
ment, & altre qui blafmcd 
ait efted per ferment no- 
med, CO eft a favoir, qua- 
corte homes Icals, per non 
fi il aver Ics pot, fi fen 
efcoudirad lei dudzime 



NOTES. 

"• Be lealte, legality, that is, of his being; reBus in curia, not out- 
lawed, excommunicated, ike. Hence legality is taken tor tb.c con- 
diiionot fuch a man. Leg. Edw. Conf. p. 20i.xviii. the oppolice 
is Dcleaute, perfidy, difloyalty, infamy. 

Lciral'ty lometimes fignifies judiciary di>;n!iy, power of judging, 
and jurifdi<ftion or tranchife. Decern Scrrpinn 5. 

Ttie f.'vpiex Lada here corrcfponds w ith iiacra," ''nm plmir^^ 
and fignil-es a [ ofgutif n or excufe by the limpb oai.; ■,;i il'.j ; .:.y 
accufed. Ducangc^ Lada, 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 3 1 

14. Of Adultery. 

If one violates the wife of another, let him forfeit 
his Were to his Lord. 



REFERENCES, 
L. 14. 

Adultery, punijhment cf //, ifithelbirht, p. 4. Xxxii. p. 7. Ixrxlr.— 
Wiht. p. 10. V. — Alfred, p. 37. x. — Edmund, p. 73. iv. — Edgar, 
p. 90. xvii. p. 91. xviii, xix, xx. xxlv. p. 92. xxxiii, xxxiv, xxxv, 
— Canut.p. 134,. vi. p. 141. xlvil. p. 142. i. li. — VVm. Conq, 
p. 225. xxxvii. 

15. Of a corrupt Judge. 

Alfo he who pronounces a falfe Judgment, (hall 
lofe his Were •, unlcfs he can prove, by fwearing on 
the Gnlpcls, that his fentence was according to the 
beft of his Judgment. 

REFERENCES. 

L. 15. 

Edg. p. 77. iii. — Wm. Conq. p. 226. xli. 

16. Ho'w one is to purge himfelf who is guilty of Larceny. 

If on?' .: jpenls another of Larceny, and he is a Free- 
man, and lias all along had good proof of his Legali- 
ty, let hini clear himfelf per pleln ferment ; and if the 
accufed !;as I.er^jcofore been rendered infamous, per 
ferment nomed^ that is to fay, by 1 4. lawful men 
named ; Ice him, if he can, clear himfc If by 1 2 com- 

REFERENCES. 

L. 16. 

Plenum Sacrameyifv.m. Hen. I. p. 263. Ixvi. 

Nonf.>iat!tm Sacrament urn, Edvv. p. 48. i.— Athelllariy p. ^8. Ix, 
— Hen. I. p, 263. Ixvi. p. 264. Ixvii. 

purgato.'s ; 



32 



LE6ES GULIELMI 



duodecima manu, & fi ha- 
bere non poffit, fe defen- 
dat per judicium, & Ap- 
pellator jurabit (p raster 
cum jurent vii homines 
nominati) quod propter 
malitiam non fecerit nee 
propter aliam caufam, 
quam quia jus fuum per^ 
lequeretur. 



CONC^JESTORIS. 

main, & fi aveir nes pot, fi 
fe defende per ivis, e li a- 
peleur jurra fur lui jur 
fet homes nomes, qui pur 
haur nel fift, ne pur altre 
chofe, fi pur fon dreit non 
purchacer. 



17. De eo qui Te'/nplum aut Bomum fregerii. 



Et fi quis appellatus 
fuerit de fradione Mona- 
iterii aut Cubiculi, neque 
fuerit infamis a retro, fe 
purget per xlii legales 
homines nominates duo- 
decima manu, & fi alias 
infamia nocatus fuerit, 
purget fe per triplum, 
videlicet per xlviii homi- 
nes legales nominates tri- 
gefima fextu manu, & fi 
illos habere nequierit eat 
ad judicium per triplum 
fi audeat ad triplex ple- 
num Sacramentum, & Ci 
is a retro latrocinium 
emendavit, eat ad aquam 



E fi alcons eft apelez 
de mufter fruifler, u de 
chambre, e il ne efted 
blamed enarer, fen efcou- 
dit per xlii leals homes 
nomez fei dudzime main, 
c fil eit altre fiee efled 
blamed, feu efcoudied a 
treis dubles, ceo a fa voir 
per xlviii homes lea!s 
nomes fei trentefifte mein, 
e fil aveir ncs pot, aut a 
la ivife a treis dubles, fi 
coil doufi a treis du plein 
ferment, e fil ad enarer 
Larcin amended, alt al 
ewe. Li Arcevefque a- 
verad de forfaiture xi folz 



REFERENCES. 

L. 17. 

Church, hrcah'ing intn ; pun[ll:mcnt^ Athclll. p. 30. XXV. — EtliiHUul, 
■ p. 74. vi. — Canut. ji. 142. lix. 

isfa-flura 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONC^yEROR. gj 

pAirgators ; and it' he cannot, then let him defend 
himfelf by ordeal. Let the Appellant alio himfelf, 
with feven others named, fwear that what he did was 
not through hatred, or any other motive, than that of 
profecuting his Right, 

ry. Concerning him who breaks into a Church or Houfe, 

If any one, who has not in Times pad been rendered 
infamous, (hall be appealed of breaking into a'^Church, 
or ° Monaftery, or inner part of a Houfe ; let him clear 
himfelf by p xlii lawful Men named, he himlelf making 
the twelfth \ and if he has at any other Time been 
adjudged infamous, let him clear himfelf by *5 three 
times that Number, that is to fay, by "^ xlviii lawful 
Men named, he ' himfelf making the 36th ; and if he 
cannot procure that Number, let him go to the triple 
ordeal, as he muit have three times taken the plein 
Serment. And if he. has heretofore made Satisfadlion 
for a Larceny, he muft undergo the water 'ordeal. \vi 

NOTES. 

"^ il'/a/frf—The Party here being accufed of a Crime of a deeper 
dye than that in the former Law, he muit in the fird infrance tiear 
himfelt" by twelve Compargators, though his Charader till that time 
flood unimpeai^hed. 

" DeMufter fruijjer^ u de chavilre — for breaking of a Monaftery, 
or of any private Room in it. Johnfon's Colkaion of Canons, 
&c. Vol. I. 1065. 

P xlii hah /wwi-— this ihould be xii, as appears by the duodcdma 
n:a>iu, and Ducangc has rendered it fo, 

°^ A treis dubki~\tg<i dudzis; thrice 12. Ducangc Juiiium, 
p. 140. 

' xknii—'W\% I apprehend (liould be xxxvl, I.e. 3 times 12; 
the Purgation being tri^efima ft.xta ma>'.u, that is ^c Compuri:ators 
and the Party acculld. ^ ^ 

' '>/—/* hiinlelr ; the l*arty heina Included in the 36th. 

' Ant a la Jui/i a 'reis duhk —h is ap 'ehended, this was fo be 
Fhr Ordeal, as being more reputable than that of Water., and the 
Party accused had been only detained before, but not consicftd. 
The triple Fire OrJad was by tne iuipeCted Perlon carryin"- in his 
Hand a Bar or red hot Iron of three PcMuids VVciolit ; ' the ftmbU 
I ire Ordeal, ot one Pound onl\-. Laws Hen, L p. 64, 67. 

1^ this 



54 LEGES OULIELMI CONQUESTORlt. 

(i, e, judicium aqua). Ar- en Mercheneale, e lui 

chiepifcopus habebit de Evefques xx fo)z, c lui 

forisfadtura xl folidos in Quinz xx folz, e le Baron 

Merchenelega, & Epifco- x lolz, e li Vilain xl den. 

pi XX folidos, & Comes xx 

folidos, & Baro x folidos, 

& Villanus xl denarios. '' 

REFERENCES. 
L. 17. 
Church, breaking ittto; funijhment, Athelft. p. 57. v. 
Houfe, Alfred, p. 30. xxv. — Edmand, p. 74. vi. — Canute, p. i42.1Ix« 

18. Be Denariis S, " Petri, feu VeSligali Romano. 
Liber homo qui habu- Franc home qui ad '"aver 



erit averia campeftria xxx 
denarii arftimanda, dabit 
denarium S. Petri. Pro 
iv denariis quos donaverit 
Dominus, quieti erunt 
Bordarii ejus & ejus Sca- 
bini & ejus Servientes. 
Burgenfis qui de propriis 
Catallis habet id quod di- 



champeflcr trente deners 
vailaunt,deit doner le"dc- 
ner Seine Pere. Le Seig- 
nur pur iv den. que il 
dourrard fi erent quletes 
fes ° Bordiers e fesPfionerz 
& fes Serjanz. Li Bur- 
geis qvi ad en foud pro- 
pre chatel demi marc 



NOTES. 

* Aver champcjler—^mmi qui habuerit xxx denaritus vivas pe- 
cuniae, in domo fua de fuo proprio, dabit Denarium Sanfti Petri. 
Leg. Edvvardi, p. 198. x. 

n Le dener Selnt Pere,-— Peter Pence, Romcfoe, Romifcot, Rome 
pennving. A yearly Penlion or Alms of id. out of every family ; firll 
granted by Ina King ot the Weft Saxons for lui)port oi an Englifh 
College founded by him at Rome ; it was called Pclcr Pence, be- 
caufc colleiSted yearly on the feall of St. Peter ad Vincula, i. e. on the 
lilofAuguft. This 

REFERENCES. 
L. 18 and 20. 
Peter-Pence — Romfcot. 

Forfeiture for non-payment. Feed. Edw. & Guth. p. 57, vi. — Nor- 
thum. Prelbyt. Leges, p. loi. Iviii. lix' — Lib. Conftit. temp.- 
y^ithel. p. 114. iii. — Canute, p. 130. ix. Edw. Conf.p. 198. x. 
In 'xhat prnportion to he paid, Edw. Conf. p. 198. x. 
By ^jj.h'jm to be coUc3id, North. Prclb. Leg. p. loi.lvii. 

midia 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. ^5 

this Cafe the Archbifhop, by the Mercian Law, fhall 
have for his Share of the Forfeiture xls. the Bifliop 
XX s. the Earl xxs. the Baron xs. and the Villan 
xld. 

1 8. Of Peter Pence. 

A Freeman who has Beads for Agriculture, to the 
value of ^o d. ought to give i d. to St. Peter. The 
Lord, for 4d. which he Ihall give, fhall have his 
Bordmen, the Overlookers of his Cattle and his Ser- 
vants quit. A Burgels who has Chattels of his own 

NOTES. 

This was afterwards by fucceeding Kings extended throughout all 
England, and fettled at £.201 6s, a year; and in procefs of 
time, the Popes, pretending n was a tribute paid to St. Peter and 
his fucceflbrs, coliefled it to their own ufe, till it was prohibited 
by 25 Hen. VIII. and entirely aboliilicd by t Eliz. 

° Borciiers. Tenanrs who held ;i Bord or Cottage under the fer- 
vice of Bordage from Bcfib, domus ; they are diitinguiilied from 
fervants and villains, and were liable to the moft abje«St fervices. 
Ducange. 

f Bc-vrrs. Whelock's Edit. i?o«frj. Thofe who held Bonnaria, or 
Lands fet out by certain Bounds. Id. 

Tenants who lived in cottages on the Lord's wade. Juhnfon's 
Canons. 



D z to 



36 LEGES GULIELMI 

midia Marca seftimandum 
eft, dare debet denarium 
S. Petri. Qiii in Dane- 
lega eft liber homo, & 
habet averia campeftria 
qujE dimidia marca in ar- 
gento seftimantur, debet 
dare denarium S. Petri. 
Et per denarium quern 
donaverit Dominus, erunt 
quieti ii qui refident in 
iuo Dominio. 



CONQUESTORIS. 

valiant, deir doner le dener 
Seint Pere. Qui en Da- 
nelae francz home eft e il 
averad dcini marc en ar- 
gent vailant de aveir 
champeftre, fi devrad 
doner le dener Seint Pere. 
E per le dener qui li 
Seignur durrat fi crent 
quietes ceals, qui meinent 
en fon demainer. 



19. De muliere vi comprejfa £5? pudicitia lud amine 
tentata. 



Qui fceminam vi com- 
preflerit, forisfacit mem- 
bra fua. Qui proftra- 
verit foeminam ad terram 
& ei vim inferat, miilfla 
ejus Domino eft x Iblidi. 
Si vero earn comprederit, 
forisfacit membra. 



Ki purgift femme per 
forze forfait ad les mem- 
bres, ki abate femme a 
terre, pur faire lui force, 
la mukc al Seignur x folz, 
fil la purgifte, forfait eft 
de '5 membres. 



NOTES. 

«) Forfait eft de Membres. Under our Saxon Kings, the punifhment 
of Rape was only pecuniary, and the only exprefs Laws on this 
head are thofe of ^thelb. p. 7. Ixxxi. — AUr. p. 40. xxv. and 
Canute p. 142. xlix. 



2C. De 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONC^teROR. 37 

to the value of half a Mark, ought to give i d. to St. 
Peter. By the Danilli Law, a Freeman who has 
Bealh for Agriculture, to the value of half a Mark 
of Silver, ought to give i d. to St. Peter, And for 
the 1 d. which the Lord fliali give, thofc who dwell in 
his Domain, fhall be quit. 

i^. Concerning Rape^ and an Attempt on a Woman* s 
Chajiity, 

Whoever Ihall forcibly defile a Woman, fhall be 
punifhed by lofs of his Members; and whoever 
throws a Woman on the Ground, with an Intent to 
violate her, the Mulifl: to the Lord is ids. But if he 
defiled her, he forfeits his Members. 



REFERENCE*. 
L. 19. 

Of Rape the PuMiJhment. ^Ethelbirht, p. 7. Ixxxi, Ixxxli, Ixxxiii.— 

Alfred, p. 40. XXV. — Canure, p. 14.2. xlix. 
Of Foniuation^ pun''Jl}mcnt. Altr. p. q6 vlii. 

With a Nun. Edin. p. 73. iv. — Edgar, p. 92. xxxii. — Northum. 

Pretbyt. Leg. p. 102. Ixlii. — Condi. jEnham. p. 123. iv. 

Hlth others. j5itheibirhc, p. 2.x. p. 3. xi.xii. xiv. xvi. — Alfred, 

p. 31. xxix. p. 40. XXV. — Edgar, p. gi. xxiv, xxv. — Concil. 

^nham. p. 123. iv. 
Fornication to be anjoided. Lib. Con Hitur. temp. Ethelr. p. io8. iv. 

Concil. jEnham, p. 120. viii. — Canute, p. 132. xxiv. 
Chaflity folicitation of punijhmc.t, Alfred, p. 37. xi. p. jS.Xviii.— • 

Edgar, p. 92. xxx.ii, xxxiv, xxxv, xxxvi. 
Adultery^ pnnif}:mcnt. See L. 14. 



D 3 20. Con' 



38 



LEGES GULIELMI CONQUESTORIS. 



20. De Us qui veJffgal Romanum feu D. Petri non 
pendunt. 



Qui retinet denarium 
S. Petri, denarium reddat 
per Juftitiarn S. Ecclefi^ 
& XXX denarios tbrisfac- 
tura?. Et Ti de ea re eft 
implacitatus per J uftitiam 
Regis, forisfaciat Epif- 
copo XXX denarios, & 



Ki retient le dener 
Seint Pere, le dener ren- 
dra par la juftice de Seint 
Eglife e XXX den. forfair. 
e fi il en eft plaide de la 
juftice le Rei, le forfait al 
Evefique xxx den, deu. e 
al Rei xl folz. 



Regi xl Iblidos. 



2 1. De Oculo effojTo. 



Si quis alteri oculum 
cffoderit infortunio quo- 
cunque, emendet Ixx foli- 
dis folidorum Anglica- 
norum. Et ii vifus ei 
reftiti.iatur,dimidiumdun- 
taxat reddatur. 



Si al alquns criene'^roil 
al altre per aventure quel 
que feit, fi amendr?d Ixx 
iblz del folz Engleis, e fi 
la purvele i eft remis, fi 
ne rendra lui que la 
meite. 



NOTES. 

' Crime V oil. The Law of Alfretl is very finil!ar tn this — " Si 
*' oculos a!ic li cxcutiaujr, dentur ei fexaginra iex folldi et fcx de- 
•' narii, et terria pars denarii pro compenratiotic. Si ocuKis in ca- 
" pite iir, et iiie tair.en videre nequeat, retlncatur tertia pars coni- 
*' penfati'onis illiiis." 



20. De 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 39 

20. Concerning the Refufalto pay Peter Pence. 

He who witholds Peter Pence, Ihall be compelled 
by Holy Church to pay it ; and fhall forfeit 30 d. 
And if he Ihall be impleaded for it in the King's 
Court, he fhall forfeit to the Bilhop 30 d. and to the 
King 40 s. 

2 1 , ^he Punijhent where an Eye is put out. 

If any one, by what Accident it will, fhall put out 
the Eye of another, let the Amends be 70 s. Englifh. 
And if the Ball of the Eye remains, only half that 
fum fhall be payed. 



REFERENCES. 
L. 20. See 18. 

L. 21. 

JEthelbirhl^ p. 5. xliv. p. 7. Ixxxvi. — Alfred, p. 30. xlx, xx. 

p. 45. — Hen. I. p. 281. cxiii. 

L. 22, 23, 24. 29. 40. 
Heriot — ivhat to he paid, Canute, p. 144. Ixix. — Hen. I. p. 244. xir. 
Where the Tenant died in Battle by the Side of his Lord^ Canute, p. 145, 

Ixxv, — Edw. Conf. p. 205. 



D 4 22.0/ 



f 



LEGES GULIELMI CONQUESTORIS. 



2 2. De Relevto feu iiorhiKliKUi^Comitis. 

De Relevio Comitis, 
quod ad Regem pertinet 
viii Equi cphippiati &: 
frasnis ornati, iv Loric£e, 
& i'/ GalciE, & iv Scuta, 
& iv HailiE, & iv Enfes, 
alii casteri iv Neredi & 
Palfredi cum fnenis & 
capiHris. 

2 2. Df Relevio Baroms. 



De releif al Cunte, que 
al Rei afiert viii chivalz 
fclez, e enfrenez, les iv 
Halbers, c iv f lanimes, e 
iv Elcuz, e iv Launces, e 
iv lifpes, * les altres iv 
Chaceurs e * Palfreis a 
frenis e a cheveftres. 



De Relevio Baronis iv 
Equi cum fellis & frsenis 
ornati, & Loricx ii, & ii 
Galese & Scuta ii & ii 
Knits, & ii Enfes ; & alii 
caeteri ii unus Veredus & 
ynusPalfredus cum frseno 
& capiflro. 



De releif a Barun ivr 
Chivalz enfeles eenfrenes, 
e ii Halbers, e ii hammes, 
e ii Efcus, e ii Launces, e 
ii Efpes, e les altres ii un 
Chaceur, e un Pale f rei a 
frenis e a clievedres. 



24. Ds Vavaforis Relevio, 

De Relevio Vavaforis De releif a Vavafour a 
ad legidmum fuum Do- fon ligeSigneur,deitee(Ires 
minum. Qiiietus ti^o. quite per le Chival fon 



NOTES. 

• Lrs ahres IF, This part of the Law feems to have been tn'if- 
underllood ; the words /< i altres IF. plainly refer to foine former 
part or rhe La a' ; therefore we apprehend that after the vvords inil. 
ihivals, there followed in the original text, les iv. that is four of 
them were to be horfes f >r war with all their furniture ; a-vJ the 
other four were to 1 e humcis, and paltreys. 

The 6g'h Law of King Canute w^Il, we hope, jultify tliis re- 
niiirk. 

debet 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 4I 

2 2. Of the Relief of an EarL 

The Relief which an Kirl'is to p3|f to the King, 
is 8 Horfes faddled and bridkd, 4 Coats of Mail, 4 
Helmets, 4 Shields, 4 Spears, and 4 Swords; the 
other 4 Horfes for hunting and palfreys, with Bridles 
and Head Stalls. 

23. Of the Relief of a Baron. 

The Relief of a Baron is 4 Horfes faddled and 
bridled, 2 Halbcrts, > Flelmets, 2 Shields, 2 Lances, 
^nd 2 Swords; of the other 2, one 'hall be for hunt- 
ing and one a palfrey, with Bridle and Head Stall. 

24. Of the Relief of a Vavafor. 

Of the Relief of a Vavafor to his lawful Lord ; he 
ought to be quit, on yielding up the Horle of his 

NOTES. 

The Heriot of an Earl by that Law was 8 equi, 4 fellati, 4 in- 
fellati, S«:c. 

Of the Kind's Thane, 4 equi, 2 fellati, 2 non fellati, &c. 

See alio the Lawa of Hen. I. ch. XIV. 

The names ol Couuf^ Baron, Vavafour, and Villain, were Nor- 
man, and were iubilituted in the room of tlic Saxon titles or Earl, 
Thane, Thcoden (or leller Tiiaiie) and Churl, wht n :he Laws of 
Edw. the Contclfir were tranliared into the Noniuui toague. 

So likewife the Normans conceiving the Saxon Heriot to be the 
fame that their Norman Reiiet was, they ttanllatei the word Heriot 
by the Rcleviamfufi'm or Re'evium, and raifmii the torr«i of their 
Feudal Law in England, drew the Saxon Cuiloms to cohere there- 
with as much as niif^ht be; but as Sir Henry Spelman obferves, 
there is vrcat ditfercnce between Heriots and Reliefs. Spel. Rem. 
32. 2 Black. 65. 8;. SuU. LccTr. .-81. 

• PaJfrcli, The Palfrey was a horfe of parade ; ladies in Rc- 
ffi^mces are always mourned on a Pallrey, as were Priuces oiien, 
w!)cn they made a public entry. 

Father, 



4.i LEGES GULIELMI CONf^UESTORIS. 

debet per Eqnum patris peipe tel quil aveitajour 



de fa more, e per fon H al- 
bert, e per fa Launcc, e 
per Sefpe, fil fuft des a- 
peille, quil ne ont ne 
Chival ne les armes per c 
folz. 



Ibi talem qualem habu- 
erit tempore ijiortis fuae, 
& per Loricam ("nam, & 
per galeam fuam & per 
Icutum fuum, & per ha- 
ftam fuam, & per cnfem 
fuum, & fi adeo fuerit 
inermis uc nee equum ha- 
bueric nee arma, per ceri'. 
turn folidos. 

25. De re intejiata^ aut de rebus ereptis penes alium 
deprebenfjs. 



De averio quod quis in 
manibus habet, qui velit 
poftulare furto fublatum, 
& ilie vult dare vadios & 
invenire plegios ad profe- 
quendum appellum fuum, 
tunc incumbit ill! qui rem 
habuerit in manibus, no- 
minare warrantum fuum, 



De entremeins aveir kil 
voldrad clamer emblet, e 
il volge doner wage trou- 
ver plege a perfuir fon 
appel, dunt li fcuverad a 
celui quil auverad entre 
meins nomer fon guarant 
ful lad, e fi il nel ad dunt 
nomer ad fon " Heuvelborh 



NOTES. 
h.2;, 

" Hruvel horh. Fidejuflbr, trom healp, dimidius, and bopjh, 
debitor, v;! etiam fidejullbr; unlefs this flioiild be the fame as Hcad- 
bonnif^h. Ducan^e. 

* Si'ififte main. See Leg. Athel. p. 58. 1. 9, ei ex vicinis nomi- 
rantor viri quinque. 

X i\on pjfuerat fuum Warrantum, The original is, ne fet, non 
fcit, — docs not knoiv. 



REFERENCES. 

Ina^ p. 22. xlvli. p. 26. Ixxv. — ^thelft. p. 58. ix. — ^thelrcd, p, 
103. iv. p. 105. ix. p. 106. X. — Camt?, p. i 37. xxi. xxii. — Euvv. 
Conf. y. 202. XXV. — Ilea. I. p. 248. xxxi. p. 254. xlix. 

fl 



LAWS OP WILLIAM THE CONQ^UEROR. 43 

Father, fuch as he had at his death, and his Halberr, 
his Helmet, his Shield, his Lance, and his Sword ; 
but if he died fo unfurnifhed with thefe Things as to 
have neither Horfe or Arms, then he mull pay loos. 

25. 0/ Goods Jlolen, and challenged by the lunr. 

With refpeft to Goods found in the Hands of 
another ; if any one will challenge them as ftolen, and 
i's ready to give Gages, and find Pledges to profecute 
his Appeal, then the Pofielfor of the Goods mufl: 
name his Voucher, if he has one, and if not, his 
Heuvelbcrth and his Witnefles, and produce them, 

NOTES. 

y 0(1. I rather think this (hould be tranflated, I'.'ith, inftead of 
OHo. 8. as in Wilkins. See the fame word in L. 46. 

2 Ses iejlimoniei. ty the Law ot Athelll. if the goods were under 
the value of 20 d, then the party, under whole cultody the things 
were found, and only one ot his wirneil'es ; and the c!aimi;nt and 
two of his were to be fworn ; if abore zod. then the whole number 
that were chofen were to be fworn. Leg. AtheU!:. p. 53. 1. ix. 

» Plein frment. See note on L. xvi. 

^SonSeign'r — I.e. to his landlord or owner of the farm. Ethelr. 
103. iv. JVUi'.ctam (cul jure debetur) peifohito. Canute, p. 137. 
1. xxii. 

<^ De fa Nurture. Ex propria re pecunria nataai pecudem. Leg. 
Athelit.p.sB. 1. ix. 



if 



44 



LEGES GULtELMI CONQUESTORIS, 



fi eum habueric, &: fi non 
habuerit eum, nominabit 
futim vadcm primarium, 
& cedes luos, &: habebit 
eos ad diem, &z ad termi- 
num fi ecs habeat aut eos 
habere poterir, & interri- 
ator tradet in vadium fe 
fv.^xta manu, & alter mitta- 
tur in manum fui warrant! 
aut fui vadis primarii, & 
habeat ille telles quod tra- 
det mercatul Regis, & 
quod ille non ^ pofuerat 
fuum warrantum in plegio 
vivo nee mormo id jurcnt 
odo tcflium fuorum per 
plenum Sacramentum; aji 
perdat catallum luum, fi 
is teftimonium perhibeat 
quod vadem primarium 
accufaverir, & fi non po- 
terit habere warrantum 
nee teftem, perdat & pro 
debiro perdat We ram 
luam Domino fuo. Hoc 
obcinet in Merchenele^a^bc 
in Danekga, ik. in J^eJ}- 
Sexenelega. Non vocabit 
quis Dominum luum ad 
Warrantum de hoc quod 
pofitum ell in vadio, & in 
Danelega confiniiec in 



e fes tellemonles e ait les a 
jur e a term, fil les ad, u 
fil les pot aver, e li enter- 
ceur liveriad en guage fei 
fiitc ^ main, e li altre k 
mettrad en la main ion 
warrant va fon Heuvel- 
horth, & il ait tcfii monies 
que il lacharad al marchicd 
du Rei, e quil ne let fon 
warrant en Ic plege vif ne 
mort, CO jurad y od ■" fes 
teftimonies per ^ plein fer- 
ment i fi perdra fon 
Chatel fi il reftimonient 
qui il Heuvilhorh em- 
pufed, e fil ne pot aveir 
guarant ne teflimonie fi 
perdrad, & pur foldrad 
pert fa werre vers fon 
Seignur, coeft en Mcrche- 
nelae e en Danelaee en 
Wefr Sexenelae. Kcvo- 
cherad une ^fon Seignor 
warrant iceo qui feit mis 
en guage, e on Danclae 
mettred en vele difli la, 
qui il feit deraincd e fil 
pot prover qui ceo foit 
de fa '^ nurture per treis 
partz fon ^ vigued fe il 
avcrad derained. kar puis 
que ferment li eft jugied 



^ Per ireis partz fon i': 
compare this with 1. vli. 



TOTES. 

'yucJ. Three parts of his neighbourhood : 

faciem 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 45 

if he has them, or can have them, at the Day and 
Place affigned. And the Party challenging the Cattle 
fhall offer hinifelf and five others as (iages ; and as 
for the other, let his Voucher or his Heuvelborth be 
anfvverable for him; and let him bring Witnefies 
that he bought them at the King's Marker, and that 
he does not know his Voucher or Pledge dead or 
alive. This he fhall fwear with his Witnefies perpkhi 
ferment ; but let him lofe his Chattels if his Witnefl^es 
declare that it is in his Power to produce his Voucher. 
And if he can neither produce Voucher or Witncfs, 
the iVIatter fhall be determined againft him, and lee 
him, as he deferves, forfeit his Were to his Lord. 
This is the Law of the Mercians, Danes, and Wefl:- 
Saxons. One need not vouch his Lord to warrant 
that which is put in Pledge, and by the Danifh Law 
he may put it in, till the IVTatter is determined •, and 
if he can prove by three parts of his Neighbourhood, 
that the Cattle were of his own bringing up, Judg- 



mani 



46 LEGES GULIELMI CONQITESTORIS. 

faciem difVum ibi, quod is ne len pot pas puis lever 
fitdifrationatusj&fipoteft per le jugement de Eng- 
probare quod hoc fit de leterre. 
fua nutritione, per tres 
partes fui vidus illi fuerit 
difrationatum. Nam poft 
quam Lex facramenialis 
fibi eft adjudicata, inde 
non poteft poftea quasftio 
moveri per judicium 
Anglise. 

26. De centuriie muWa^ ubi reus hom'icidii judicio non 
fifiitur. 

De Murdo Francigenas De murdre freceis ^ oc- 
occifi, & homines hun- cift, e les homes del hun- 
dredi non prehendunt & dred nel prengent e ame- 
ducunt ad Juftitiam infra nent a la juftice de denz 
viii dies ut oftendat ob les ^oit jours per muftrer 
quam caufam fecerit, red- spurqui il la fait, fm rend- 
dant murdri nomine xlvii runt le murdre'^ xlvii Marc. 
Marcas. 

NOTES. 
L. 26. 

e preceis occijl. Diicange, and Houard drop the word freceis. 
Selden places it in Italic, as difficult to be made out ; but comparing 
this Law with the 53d ot Wni. I. and gift of Hen. I. and others, 
it feems to relate to the murder of a Frenchman or Norman, as 
"Wilkins has rendered it ; and to have been added when thefe Law» 
were tranflated — it not, it fignifies a recent murder. 

The title of the 53d Law is De Normanni feu Francigenae 
cacde. L. Wm. L p. 228. 1. liii. 

Si quis Francigena, vel Normannus occidatur. L. Hen. I. 
p. 280. 1. xci. 

' Oit jours. — This is the time afligned by the Law of Edw. Conf. 
p. 199. 1. XV, — By the Laws of Wm. L in Latin 5 days. — Wm. L 
p. 228. 1. liii — by the Laws of Hen. L 7 days. Hen. L p. 280. 
1. xci, xcii. 

i Pur qui. Ob quam caufam ; Selden and Wilkins j butDucange 
a quo, uliich lail I have follo'.ved. 

" xlvii Marc — By all the above Laws 46 marks. 

5 27. De 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 47, 

ment (hall be in his Favour ; for after he has been 
put to his Oath, the Queftion, by the Law of Eng- 
land cannot be agitated again. 

26. Of the Mul5l on the Hundred , where the Murderer 
is not amenable to Jujlice. 

"Where a Frenchman is killed, and the Men of the 
Hundred do not apprehend the Murderer and bring 
him to Juftice within eight Days fo as that it may ap- 
pear who committed the Murder, they fhall pay, in the 
Name of Murder, 47 Marks, 



REFERENCES. 

L. 26. 
Ed-x\ Conf. p. 199. XV. p. 200. xvi. — Wm. Conq. p. 228. lili.— 
HeD. I. p. 280. xci. xcii. 



7' Of 



4? LEGES GULIELMI C0NQ.UEST0R1S. 

27. De clientis a 51 tone v erf us Dominum, 



Si quis vukdirrationare 
conventionem de terra fua 
verfus Dominum fuum 
per pares fuos eadem te- 
nuraquos vocavit in tefti- 
monium, debet iliud dif- 
rationare. Nam per ex- 
traneos non potell dif- 
rationare. 

28. De Flacito, 



Si home volt derainer 
covenantdeterre vers 'fjn 
Seignor per Jes pcrs ^ dela 
tenure meimes que il ape- 
lerad a teftimoines ieicu- 
verad derainer. Kar per 
eftranges nel purra pas 
dereiner. 



Qui placitat in Curia, 
cujulcunque Curia fit, ex- 
cepto ubi perlbna Regis 
eft, & quis eum fiftat fuper 
eo quod dixerir, rem quam 
nolit conficeri, fi non po- 
teft dilrationare per ii in- 
telligentes homines qui 
interfuerunt placito & 
videntes,quod nondixerit, 
recuperet juxta verbum 
fuum. 



Home qui plaide en 
Curt, a qui Curt qui co feit 
fors la ou le cors le Rei 
eft, e home li mettid fur 
quil ait dit chofe qui il ne 
voille coinillre, fe il ne pot 
derainer per ii entendable 
home del pleidant & ve- 
antqui ilnel aurad dit ^ re* 
covered a la parola. 



2g. De Servorum Relevio, 

De Relevio Villani. De relief a *" Vilairt* Le 
Melius animal quod ha- meillur aveir quil avera u 

NOTES. 
L. 37. 
^ Fcrsfon Seignor —Vi^ Lord, here, is meant only the Proprietor of 
an ellate, not a Lord ot a fee. Hoiiardpreuves, lufr. p. i::o. 

^ ^er Jes Pers de la tenure ttieimes — /. e. by freehuldcrs within the 
fanne Hundred. 

' Recoi'eraei a fa parola — Rcciirretur ad ejus Sacraincntum. Du- 
cange ; Houard — In mifericordia domini Regis remauet. Glan- 
ViU, 1. X, c. 12. 

buerit 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQ.UEROR. 49 

1^'Of the Client ary AElion of Covenant againjl the Lord* 

If a Tenant would deraign an Aflion of Covenant 
concerning Land againft his Lord, he muft deraign it 
by his Peers of the fame Tenure as he produced foi* 
Witneflcs \ for it cannot be deraigned by Strangers* 

28. Concerning T leaders. 

If a Perfon pleading in a Court, (whofefoever the 
Court is, except the King is prefent) be charged with 
having faid fomething which he will not own ; if he 
cannot in fuch Cafe prove by two intelligent Men, 
who were prefent at the Plea and faw him, that he did 
liot fpeak the Words he is charged with, he muft have 
Recourfe to his Oath. 

29. Of the Relief of a Villain, 

As to the Relief of a Villain, he fliall give to his 
Lord the bcft Beaft he has (whether Horfe, Q^ or 

NOTES. 

L. 29. 

n Vilaln, The Villain mentioned in this Law is not to be under- 
ftood a Bondman, but a i2eorl. Churl, or HujbarJman. He was 
of tree condition, and was valued as a member ot the Common- 
wealth in the Saxon Lawsj whereas a bondman was not valued ;t 
all, but was part of his mailer's fubliance, therctore could have 
nothing whefeo'jt to pay a Heriot or Rel/ef. Spc!. Rem. 14, 15. 
Sec note, Law zz. Judicia Civitatis Lundcnia;, p. 71. 

REFERENCES. 

L. 27, 2S. 
Hen, L p. .''53. xlviil. 

L. 29. See L. 22. • 

F d-v ■ Cofif, p, igg. xii* 

xSluldfor !wt vetcv:ng thc^r., Cunute, p. J4J. Ixiii 

K Cow) 



§0 LEGES GULIELMI CONQUESTORIS. 

buerit id (five Equus fit, Chival, u Buf, u Vache," 



five Bos, five Vacca) do- 
nabit Domino fuo pro 
Relevio, & poftea fint 
omnes Villani in franco 
plegio. 



donrad a fon Scignor de 
releif & puis fi ferait touz 
les Vilains en franc plege. 



30. De viispublicis. 



De tribus viis, videlicet 
Wetlingftreet^ & Erming- 
Jlreet & ° Foje. Qui in 
aliqua harum viarum ho- 
minem itinerantern five 
occiderit five infilicrit, is 
paccm Pvegis violat. 



De iii chemins co eft a 
faveir JVetlingJlreet & Er- 
mingjlreet & Fos» Ki en 
alcun de ces chemins oceic 
home qui fcit errant per 
le pais u afalt, fi enfreit la 
pais P le Roi. 



3 1. Df Latrone, mm latrocinio feu. ivruvjopopM, prehenfo. 



Si latrocinium fit in- 
ventum in cujufcunque 
terra fit & latro fimul, 
Dominus terrae & Uxor 
ejus habebunt medietatem 
bonorum Latronis & ven- 
dicatores eorum Catalla fi 
ijla invenerint, & alteram 
tnedietatem, fi repertum 
fit intra Sacbe & Soche per- 
dat Uxor, & Dominus 
habeUt. 



Si larecin eft troved, en 
qui terre qui ceo feit & le 
Laron "^ ovefque, leSeignor 
de la terre, & la fern me 
averunt la meited del aveir 
a Laron, e les chalenurs 
lor chatel fe ille trovent e 
latre meited fil eft trove 
dedanz "^ Sache & Soche^ fil 
perdra la femme & la 
Seignor lavcrad. 



NOTES. 

o F.^ljl- — there was another public Way called Iktnil^Jiree'. 
Hen. i. p. IU9. 1. xii. xiii. 

r La pals le Rot — Thefe four loyal Vfays were faid ♦'o have the Peace 
of the Kino', bcaiulc wholoever coir.mitied any Offence on them 
wag to be puniiheti la the K.ing'i Couit only. Ducange, Erming- 
fircct. 

32. Vt 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 5I 

Co\V) for fuch Relief ; and afterwards let all fuch 
Villains be admitted into Frank Pledge. 

30. Of the ptihlic IVajs. 

Of the three public Ways, viz. Watling-flreet, 
Erming-ftrect, and Fofs ; whofoever kills or afiauks 
a Man travelling on either of thefe Ways, he is guilty 
of a breach of the King's Peace. 

31. Of a ^hkf taken with the 'Thing Jiokn upon 

him. 

If a Thief be apprehended with the Goods flolen 
upon him, let it be on whofe Land foever, the Lord 
of the Land and his Wife fliall have a Moiety of the 
Goods of the Thief; and the Challengers their own 
Goods, if they find them, and the other Moiety ; 
but if found within Sache and Soche, the Wife fljiall 
lofe her Share, and the Lord have it. 

NOTES. 

L. 31. 

s Et U Laron <n.'(y^'.7<'— Sclden underftnnds this Law of a 
Thief taken with the Manour ; in the Saxon Law?, called Han' 
dchiiid, and BacUercnd ; and hy thofe Laws it the Thief was 
under 12 Years of Age, or the Thing ftolen not of the value of 8d* 
he was to be pardoned for the firft Ofience. Athellh p. ^6. 1. i. 
Hen. \. p. 2!; 7. 1. lix. 

' Sachc t^ Sod-c. See Law IIL 

REFERENCES. 

L. 3t. 

ff''iif. p. 12. Ix.— Athclll. p. ^6. i.—CanutCi p. 143, Ixi.—Hen. I" 
p. 259. lix* 



E 2 32. 0/ 



52 



LEGES GULIELMI CONQUESTORIS. 



32. t I^^ 

A Senefchallo de iina- 
quaque Hidarum Hun- 
drcdi, homo intra feftum 
S. MichaeliSy & S. Martini^ 
& Ballivus habebit xxx 
hidas quietas pro labore 
luo, & fi averia fuperent 
limites, aut aqua iis dene- 
getur, & non poflit quis 
ortendere nee clamorem 
nee vim quje eis facfta 
fuerit, reddat averia. 



Senefchallo, 

De'^Strewarde de chefcon 
des hides del hundred un 
home dedenz la fefteSeint 
Michiell & le Seint Martin^ 
& JVardireve fi aurad ' xxx 
hides quites per fon tra- 
vaile, & fi aveir ' tres paf- 
fent'per ilot " u il denient 
waiter, e il ne puflent 
muftrer ne cri ne force, 
qui lour fuft faite, fi ren- 
difent laveir. 



33. De colonis 6? gleba Afcriptitiis, 

Eos qui colunt terram Cil qui cuftinent la ter- 

re ne dcit l*um travailer, 
fe de leur diotre cenfe. 
Non ne leift a * feignurage 



non debet quis moleftare, 
prasterquam de corum 
debito cenfu. Nee licet 



NOTES. 

•f This is a very obfcure Law. 

s Stre-zvarde^ this feems to be the Officer who ^vns to take care 
that the Cattle did not eftray, therefore I have not followed Wilkin*, 
but Lambard, where the Text is Strevjard^ and not Stewarde^ Sencf- 
chalkis. 

' Si aurad xxx hides qidtcSy "Aura, a railbn de chaque charrue 
«* de terre de I'Hundred ou il tera la garde, I'exeniption de la- 
♦' boiirer 30 hides ;" (hall have for every Plow Land of the Hun- 
dred where he guards the Cattle, an Exemption from tilling 30 Hides, 
Houard, Preiives Juft. p. 103. 

» Tres pajfcut — moriautur, die. Seidell, Ducangc. 

* Per ilot — periclitentur — expofed to Danger. Ducange. 

« JJ il dciiiait IVaitcr — vcl labc al^qiia intedta lint, or become 
infected with awy Diforucr. Diitangc. Seldeji reads, dcvient. 

a Domino 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQ.UEROR. 53 

32. Of Stray Wards y and IVard Reeves, 

A Stray Warde and Ward Reeve Ihall be appoint- 
ed out of every Hide of Land of the Hundred be- 
tween Michaelmas and St. Martin, and he fhall have 
3u Hides quit for his Labour ; and though fome of 
the Cattle died, were expofed to Danger, or caught 
fome infc6lious Diforder, yet unlefs proof can be 
given of fome violence being offered to them, let 
him be acquitted, on the Cattle being reftored in the 
Condition they are in. 

33. OftheColoni andNaifs, 

No one ought to exaft more from thofe who till 
the Land than their due Tafk, nor is ic lawful for 

NOTES 

L. 33. 

* Selgnurage. Selden paHes over this Word ; Ducarige and 
Wilkins underrtand it as ot the Lords of the Fee ; but Houard fays 
it has no relation to them, and that in order to comprehend the 
force of this Expreffion, we ought to recoUett that a Hundred was 
compofed of iod Families. That every one ot :he!e Families made 
a Roll of the Freemen, Slaves, and Children belonging to them, of 
above 12 Years old, and prefented this to the Governor of the 
Hundred; that the Governor, with 12 of the moft difcreet, chofen 
out ot all the Families, twice a Year made provifional and oecono- 
mical Regulations for the Dillribution of the Works neccilary tor 
the Cultivation of the L.mds ; and that the Head of every Familv 
was obliged to fee thcfe Regulations executed within his own Di- 
ftrift. Now thefe Heads ot Families, fays Houard, were what they 
called the Seignurage; and they could not exatt ot the Coloni, who 
were fubordiuate to them, greater Talks than the Hundred had ap- 
pointed thetn to do; and that thefe Coloni depended fo little on 
the H^ads ot the Families, that they could not difmifs them while 

REFERENCES. 

L. ^^, 

Servants — Homicide committed by them on their £,(7r^— -punilhrnent. 
Hen. I. p. 26S. 75. 
On a 'Sohleman^ Hlothar. & Eadr. p. 7. i, 

E 3 Lord 



54 LEGES GULIELMI 

a Domino feodi amovere 
Cultores de terra fua 
quamdiu reftiim ferviti- 
um fuum facere poffint. 
Nativi qui difcedunt a ter- 
ra fua non debent cartam 
falfe nativiuatis qua[rrcre, 
ut non faciant fuum rec- 
tum fervitium quodfpedac 
ad terram fuam. Nativum, 
qui difcedic a terra unde 
€il Nativus & venit ad 



CONqUESTORIS. 

departir les cultiuurs de 
lur terre per rant cum il 
pufTent le dreit fervife 
taire. Les y naifs ki de- 
partet de fa terre, ne de« 
vient cartre faut naiviric 
quere, qui il ne facenclur 
dreit fervice, que apend 
a lor terre. Li naifs ki 
departet de fa terre dunt 
il eft nez, e vent a autri 
terre, ^ nuls nel retenget 



NOTES. 

they were about their Work ; and when any of them died or ran 
a ^ ay, they were obli-ed to I'md otheis in their ftead ; or in cafe of 
their Negleft, the Hundied Court did it. Houard.Preuves Jullificat, 
p. 122. : but with Deference to Houard, the Subjed Matter 
of this Law feems to be the Tenures of Villan-Socage and pare 
Villenage. 

The f^iUain-Socbtian at that Time, as well as when Brafton 
wrote, was diftinguifhed from the pure Fillcin, in that he could 
not be removed irom his Eliate at the Will of the Lord, " a gJeba 
*♦. amoveri non debet, quaindiii velit et poilit facere debitum Icrvi- 
*' tium." Bracl. 1, i. c. ii. S. L — 1. iv. p. aog. Blacktlone's Conf. 
on Copyholders, p. 122, &cc. 

y Les Naifs, i. e. Nutivi or Villeins by Birth held in pure 
Villenage; they could not quit their Lands without their Lords 
Per-- iffion, and were obliged to do whatloevcr their Lords com-^ 
manded them. Bracft. ut fup. 

■'' Nuls iicl rttengct. Si quis aVeat a Domino fuo abfque venia 
Ipfius, vel in aliam provinciam tuijiat, et ille deprehendatur, abeat 
wb prius fuit. Leges Ina?, p. 21. xxxix. 

Nemo fufcipiat alterius Servum abfque vcnia ejus quern antes 
lc(]ucDatur, Leges Athcllluni, p. 60. x-'ui. 



alteram. 



LAWS or WILLIAM THE CONQ.UEROR. 55 

Lords to c]c6t them, fo long as they perform their 
right Service. Naifs who leave their Land ought 
not to procure a Charter of falfe Naifty, on purpofe 
to avoid the Service appendant to their own Land. 
If a Naif abandons the Land of which he is a Naif, 
and goes to another, let no one retain either him or 

REFERENCES. 

L. 33- 

On a Freeman or others, iEthelbirht, p. 7. Ixxxv. — Hlothar. & 
Eadr. p. 8. iii. 

By covimanilofhh Lord — Penance — what, Hen. I. p.265. Ixvlil.— 
Thefty by them — punilhment, jlithelbirht, p. 7. Ixxxviii. Ixxxix.— 
Wiht. p. I^. xi. — Ina, p. 18, xxlv. — Athelllan, p. 57. iii, Jud. 
Civ. Lond. p. 66. viii. p. 67. i. 

Lying in 'vait fir their Lord — j)Unifliment, Athelll. p. 57. iv. Edg. 
p. 78. vii. 

Deferting their Lord in Battle — punifliment, Can. p. 145. Ixxv. — 
Hen. I. p. 144.. xiii. 

JVorking on the Lord's Day, or not ob/cr''jing Fajl Days — punifli- 
ment, Wiht. p. 1 1. iv, v. ix. x. — Feed. Edr. & Gut. p.j;3. viii.— 
Canut. p. 140. xlli. 141. xliii. 

Purgation and Examination, hy Ordeal — piiDifliment, Leg. Wight, 
p. 12. V. vi. vii. — jlithelred, p. 103. iii. — Canute, p. 139. xxix. 
"b^ot to quit their Service voithont leave, Ina, p. 2 1, xxxix. — Edw. p. 
50. X. — Hen. I. p. 251. xli. 
Killing a Servant, Mulct, Wiht. p. 12. xi. — Alfr. p. 29. xvii.— 

Hen. I. p. 264. Ixviii. 
Beating him, or putting him in Chain:, ^thelhirht, p. 7. Ixxxvi. 

Ixxxvii. 
Not to he fold into a foreign Country. Win. Conq. p. 226. xli. 

p. 22g. Ixv. 
ManumiJJion — what would intitle him to it. Wiht, p. 11. iii, — 

Alfr, p. 39. xii. p. 30. XX. — Canut. p. 141. Ixii. — Wni. Conq, 

p. 229. Ixvi. 
7'he Form nf it. Win. Conq. p. 229. Ixv. — Hen. I. p. 270. Ixxviii, 
Dying in Defence of his Lord — the Ileriot to bc remitted, and his 

Inheritance cefcendible. Canut. p. 149. Ixxv, 
F.i;l.>r:ng in dfinee of his Lord, jutlifiable. Altr, p. 44. xxxviii— 

ilen. I. p. 274. 

E 4. his 



5^ LEGES GULIELMI 

alteram, nullus rctineat, 
neceum, nee catalla ejus, 
fed redire cogatur ut faciat 
fcrvitium fuum tale quod 
ad eum fpedat : fi Domi- 
ni non faciunt alterius 
colonum venire ad terram 
fuam, Jullitia id faciat. 



CONQTESTORIS. ' 

ne li, ne fe chatels, cnz le 
facet venir arere a faire ion 
fervife tel cum * a li apend, 
fi ies feignurages ne facent 
akri gainnys venir a lot 
terre, •> la juftile le facet. 



T^ O T E S. 

* All apend. Ad eum rpe<n^at. The Villein by Birth, perform- 
ed his Services in refpecl of his own peifonal Condition. Black- 
fione's Confiderations on Copyholders, p. 119. 

'' La yujiife le facet. Breve de nativo habendo. Reg. Br, p. 87. 
Pe villanis Regis fubtradis reducendis, p. 87. vi. 



34. Ne quis Domino fuo dehitas ■prajlattones fubtrabat^ 



Nemo Domino fuo fub- 
trahat reftum fervitium 
fuum, propter ullam re- 
miflionem quam ci antea 
feccrit. 



Nullui ne toille a fon 
Senior fun dreit fervife, 
'pur nul relais, que ilii ait 
fait en arere. 



NOTES. 

^ Pur nul relais. On account of any relaxation of his Services. 
If the Villein ran away, and the Lord put in his Claim within the 
Year, fo as to fliew he did not wave his ibveieign Power, the Villein 
dill not by his Abfence gain his Freedom. Non currit Tcmpus 
pontra Dominum, cum Res per claiiicum appofitum elficiatur liti- 
giola. Erac. 1. i. c. x. f. III. 



34. Di 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQ.UEROR. 57 

his Goods, but compel him to go back to perform 
his due Service ; if Lords don't make fuch as till the 
Lands of others return to their Land, Juftice muft 
do it. 

REFERENCES. 

L. S3- 

Lord anfiverahk for their E/cape. or Flight. Hlothar. & Eadr. 

p. 8, ii. iv. — Athelft. p. 57. iii. p. 60. xxii. — Jud. Civit. 

Lond. p 67. iii. — ^^thelred, p. 102. i.— Canur. p. 139. 28.— 

Edw. Conf. p. 202. xxi. — Wm. Conq. p. 227. xlvii, xlix.— 

Hen. I. p. 241. viii. p. 258. lix. 
Entertaining the Servants of others '■j.iithout Leave, Inae, p. i g. xxx. 

— Athenian, p. 60. xxii. p. 62. i. 
Servants not -under the Prote^iun of any Lord, how confidered.— 

uEihelftan, p. 56. ii. p. 57. viii. — Hen. I. p. 257. iviii. 



34. Of Services witbeld from the Lord, 

Let no one withold from his Lord his due Ser- 
vice, on account of any Indulgence his Lord may 
have before fhcwn him. 



35- Of 



58 LEGES OULIELMI CONQUESTORIS. ' 

35. De Fcsmiaa gravida qu^ capiiali fupplicio dam- 

natUT. 

Si morti damnata fit Si femme eft jugce ^ 

aut membrorum niutilati- more, u a defacum des 

oni fcemina imprsegnara, membresjcifeitcnceincee, 

de ea non fiat jultitia ne faced kim juftice des 

priufquam parturient. quele feit delivcre. 

36. De Inti fiat or um bonis. 

Si quls inteftatus obi- Si home mort fans dc- 

erit, liberi ejus ha&re- vife, fi departent les en- 

ditatem ^qualiter divi- fans ^ I'erite entre fei per 

dant. W wcl. 

NOTES. 

i Si (departent la enfans Verite entre fc'u A fucciniT: Account 
bow Lands have t'efcencled in England from the Time of the 
Britons to our Davs may not be ii;:plcariiig to the Reader. 

The SucceiTion of all the Sons was the ancient cuftomary Law 
among the Britifh in Wales, and was continued to them by the 
Stat. Wallis, 1 2th Edw. I. Halt's Hlft. p. 221, 

By the Law of Fnghir.d in the Saxons Times, Lands defcended 
equally to all the Male?, the Relicks of which remain in the Gavel* 
kind of Kent, Hale 221. Sull. Lert. p. 149. 

Our fubfequent Danifh Predcceflbrs feem to have made no Di- 
ftiniSion of Sexes, luttohave admitted all the Children at once to 
the Liherltance. 2 Black, p. 213. 

De mteltato mortuis. 

Sive quis jncuria, five morte repentina fuerit inteftato mortuus, 
dominus tamen nullam return fuaruin partem (praeteream qu-ne jure 
debetur Hereoti nomine) fibi allbmito. Vtrum eas judicio fuo 
iixrii, liberis, et cognatione pioximis, jufte (pro fuo cuiqne jure) 
diftiibuito. Canut. p. 144. 1. 68. 

The above 36th Law ut Wiliiain's is the only one touching De- 
{ccnts ; and Lord Chief Jultice Hale fays, that from this Law, it 
kcms that, until the Conqueil, the Deilcnt of Lands was at leart to 
all the Sous alike, and, for aught appears, to all the Daughters alio; 

37. Be 



LAWS OP WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR." S9 

35. Of a Woman enceinte, condemned to Death, 

If a Woman quick with Child is condemned to 
Death, or Lots of Limb, lee Execution be refpited till 
after her Delivery. 

36. Of the EffeSls of Intejlates. 

If a Man die inteftate, let his Children divide the 
ttiheritanc^ equally between them. 

NOTES. 

and that there vvns no Difference in the hereditary Tranfmlflion of 
Lands and Goods, at leall in reference to the Children. Hale's 
liill. p. 222. 

Afterwards, when William, by Confent of Pnrliament, eftab* 
liflied the Feudal S)ilc:n, Lands defccnded to the eldeilSon only. 

Henry the firfc moderated thi?, and direfted the eldeft Son to 
hare only the principal Eftate, " priinum patris feudum ;" the rtll 
of his Ellate, if hs had any others, being equally divided among 
them all. Hen. I. 1. Ixx. p. 266. 4 Black. 414. 

In the Reign ot Henry 11. the Right of Primogeniture feems to 
have tacitly revived, being tound more convenient for the Pubhc, 
than the pat celing of Eftates into a Mulrimde of minute Subdivi- 
fions ; but it there was any uncertainty and unfettlednefs in the 
Bufincfs of Deicents or Hereditiry Succeflioni in his Time, yet in 
the Reign of Hen. IIL the Law fcems to be unquellionably fettled, 
that the eldeft Son was of common Right Heir, not only in Cafe* 
of Knight Service L.mdi, but alfo of Socage Lands, unlefs \here 
wete a ipecial Cultom to the contrary, and has continued lb down 
to thefe Days. Hale's Hill:, p. 232. 

REFERENCES. 

^' -^>- . 
}f eman hi^ -ivltb Child, Jirikiii^, — panilhmcnt. Alf. p. 33. xviil, 

L. 36. 

Of Svccfjion, Can. p. 144. Ixviii.— Hen. I. p. c66, Ixx. 

37. Of 



■^■^ 



6o 



. LEGES GULIELMI C<5nQUEST0RIS. 



37. Be adult era apatre deprchenfa. 

Si patef deprehendcrit Si le Pcre trovet fa file 

filiam in adukei io indomo en adulterie en fa mailbnn, 
fua, leu in domo generi u en la maifonn fon gen- 
fui, bene licebit ei, occi- dre ben li leiil occire la- 
tere adulterum. dultere. 



38. Deja5lu velut ad Legem Rhodiam, 

Si quis ex neceflltate Si ^ home en puifluncd 

alteram occiderit aut pro- altre feit occis, u per ma- 

pter gubernationem faci- nablement eiflilled, Jo 

liorcm, ego jecero res tuas jettai voz chofez de la nef 

de navi ob metum mortis, pur pour de mort, & d'eo 



de hoc non potes me Im- 
placitare. Nam licet al- 
teri damnum inferre ob 
mortis metum quando 
periculum evadcie non 



ne me poez enplaider, kar 
leift a faire damage a altre 
pur pour de mort quant 
parele ne pot efchaper, e 
fi de CO me mcfcez, qui 



poteft, & fi de hoc me pur pour de mort nel feilTe 
accufes quod ob metum de co mefpriorai, e les 



mortis nihil feci de hoc 
contemptu & ea qu<£ in 
navi reftant dividantur in 
communi fecundum Ca- 
talla, & fi quis jecerit 
Catalla extra navim, ab- 
fque neceflltate ea refli- 
tuat. 

N O 



chofes qui funt remife en 
le nef, feient departis en 
comune fulun les chateis, 
e fi alcun jetted les cha- 
teis hors de la nef, fenz 
bufun, fil rendet. 



T E S. 



e ,^/ hnme eyi piajTiiverl nlfre felt occis, u per manahlc7nent eijjilltd.— 
Si quis alteruin impofionavciit, imerficiatur, vel perpctuo Exilio 
uam.ieiur. Ducant^e. 

One would iinagine this was a diflind Law, it having no Cou- 
ntction wiih what tollows. 

Vemfi-i reltgcntur ex Terra. Edw. & Guthrun. p. 55. 1. xi. 

Ste other Laws de Vcncficis. 

39. T>i 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 6i 

57. Of a Daughter taken in Adultery hy the Father. 

If a Father (hall take his Daughter in the Aft of 
Adultery in his own Houfe, or in that of his Son in 
Law, it is lawful for him to kill the Adulterer. 

38. Of cajling Goods Over -hoard agreeably to the Rho- 
dian Law, 

If one poifon another, let him fuffer Death, or per- 
petual Banifhment. 

If I call your Goods Over-board through fear of 
Death, you cannot implead me of this -, for we may 
juftify doing an Injur}^ to another, when there is no 
other Way of avoiding the Danger of Death : and if 
you accufe me of having done this, not through Fear of 
Death ; I will exculpate myfelf of it ; and the Goods, 
which remain in the Ship, mud be divided in com- 
mon, according to the Quality of them ; and if any 
one cafls Goods Over-board when Nccclliry does not 
require it, he (hall render the value of them. 



REFERENCES. 

L. 37, See L. 14. 

L. 38. 

foifun — the Punifliment of tho'.e.who by Poifon ivroiu^ht perniclou*- 
Effe*Ss on others. Ina?, p. 26. ixxvii. — Fa;d. hd. ic Gut. j). 53, 
xi. — Athelft. p. 57. vi, — Evigai. p. 92. ;xxxix. p. 03 xi!,— 
Northum. Pref. i.eg. p. loo. xKiii. 

foliation of Goods ^ puiiilhnieiit. yK.hclrai, p. 1^4. iv. 



19' Of 



62 



LEGES GULIELMI CONC^tJEStOftl** 



39. Dejudicio infocium abfentenu 



Duo funt participes e- 
jufdem Pacis, & unus 
corum implacitatus abfque 
altero, fi negligentia fua 
perdit, non inde debet 
damnum cedere alteri, qui 
abfens fuit. Nam quod 
judicatum eft inter eos 
non debet prjejudicare iis 
qui abfentes fuerunt. 



Dous funt percertefS 
d'un 'jfiife, e eft lun en- 
plaide fans laltre & per fa^ 
folie fi pert, ne dit per co 
laltre eftre perdant, qui 
prefent fud, kar chofe juge 
entre eus, ne fors juge pas 
les altres, qui ne funt a 
prefent. 



40. Be Rekvio eorum qui cUentes cenfum pendunt* 



Eorum qui fundum 
fuum tenent ad cenfum, 
fit redum Relevium tan- 
tum quantum cenfus an- 
iiuus eft. 

41. De 

Caute profpiciant ii 
quibus cura incumbic ju 
dicia facere, ut judicent 
uti petunt quando dicunt 
dimitte nobis debita mjlray 
& prohibemus ut homo 
chriftianum extra terram 



Cil qui tenent lur terre 
Ba cenfe, foit lurdroit're- 
leif a tant cum a cenfe eft 
d*un an. 



Judiciis. 

Ententivement fe puf- 
penfent cil qui les juge- 
mentz unt a faire, que fi 
jugent cum defirent quant 
ii dient ^ dimitte nobis de- 
bita nojlra^ & nous de- 
fendonz qui lum Chri^ 



NOTES. 

' XiYi\])C. Larobanl, Selden, and Houard, read Crkbci inlkad of 
Jfii))e, and Houard renders Crichet^ a Horfe. 

g A Cenfe. This was free Socage. W'liere the Service was by 
Fealty only, or by Rent and Fealty only, Scc. that Tenure was 
called liherum Socagium ox free Socage, Blackltonc's Conrulcraiions 
on Copyholders, p. 114. 

7 non 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 6^ 

39. Of Judgment againfi an abfent Partner, 

Two Perfons are equally interefted in the fame 
Contrad:, and one of them is impleaded without the 
other i if Judgment through his Negligence is given 
againft him ; yet the other, who was not prefent, (hall 
not lofe his Right ; for a Judgment between them 
ought not to affedt thofe who were abfent. 

40. Of the Relief of thofe who hold by a certain Rent, 

Thofe who hold their Land at a flipulated Rent, 
let their right Relief be fo much as the annual Rent 
is. 

4 ' • ^/ P'^'^'^S Judgment. 
Let thofe, whofe office it is to pronounce Judg- 
ment, take particular Care they judge, in like Man- 
ner as they pray ; when they fay — " Forgive us our 
*' Trefpafies.'* And we forbid any one to fell aChri- 
N O T E S. 
L. 41. 

* D'tmhte nolis peccata nqftra, Is^ ?ious Acfinihn-z. qui lum Chrifiicn, 
&:c. See Leges Canuti, p. 133. ii. aiul p. 134. iii. trora whence 
this is plainly taken. 



REFERENCE- 

L. 39. 
lltn, L p. 248. xxxi. 

L. 40. See L. 29^ \ 

flian 



«4 

non vendat, nee prsefertim 
in paganifmum. Caveat 
homo quod quis animam 
ejus non perdat quam 
Deus vita fua redemit. 
Qui injuriam elevaverit, 
aut falfum judicium hinc 
proferet aut odii aut ava- 
ritisB gratia, fit in forisfac- 
tura Regis de xl folidis ; 
fi non poteft allegare quod 
plus re6ti facere noluerit, 
perdat libertatem fuam, 
nifi juxta beneplacitum 
Regis illam ab eo redi- 
mcre queat. Et fi fit in 
Danekgay fit Forisfadura 



LEGES GULIELMI C0NQ.UE9T0RIS. 

ftien fors de li terre n6 
vende nen fiirchetut enu 
pairumne. Wart lum qui 
lum lamne ne perde qui 
Deu rcchatat de fa vie. 
Ki tort eflevera, u faus 
jugement fra purcurruz, 
ne per hange * u pur aveir, 
felt eh forfeiture le Rei 
d' ^xl folz, fil ne pot aleier 
qui plus dreit fair ^ nel 
font, fi perdre fa Franchife, 
fi al Rei nel pot rachater 
a fon plaifir, e fil eft en 
Danelae feit forfait de 
"" Laxlite, fil alaier ne fe 
pot qui il melz faire nc 



NOTES. 



* Uper aveir. — Si quis ira, vel odio, vel timore, vel amore, rei 
cupiditate, &c. injuftum judicet, L. H. I. c. xxxiv. therefore the 
word aveir may probaLly be rendered tear ; en azvcry in doubt 
Kritton, 13. a. — aivcure,Donht Reg. zzq. b. 

^^Is. — By the Laws ot Hen. I. cxx s. Qtji injiifii judicabit 
cxx 9. folid. reus fit, et dignitatem judicandi perdat, nili redimat 
erga Regem. Hen. I. c. xxxiv. p. 249. c. xiii. 1. p. 244. 

' Nel Jofit, — See Law 4. 

"> Laxlite, Lali/l:tc, LafJ/iite, — ruptio Legis, tranfgredlo Legis, 
poena violatae Legis, from laj^h Lex, ]-Iit;, ruptio, violatio. It de- 
noted the Danifn Common For feituie, which was 12 Ores, or one 
Pou.id flerling ; but it varied according to the Condition of the 
OrtVndt.T. A Thane paid 5 M nkf. He that had Bocland 3 
Marks, and a Ceorl 1 2 ores. I .nhJJitc ; and Overfeioicfs^ Over- 
famrjfa and OverherniJJh aie fonietimcs put as fynonymous ; but 
the lalt more j)articularly fignifits a Contumacy or Contempt of the 
Ct)i)rf,or a neglect ot Duty ; it alio fignitics the Forfeiture for fuch 
Oftencf, from the Saxon o):eji fupcr, and hv yan audiic, aufcultare. 
DucantjC, Glcff. X Sciipt. 

de 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 6^ 

{lian out of the Land, but more efpecially into a Pa- 
ganifh Country ; let us take care that that Soul whLh 
God redeemed with his own Life, be not loft. Who- 
foever pronnotes InjuRice, or pronounces falfe Judg- 
ment, through Anger, Hatred, or Avarice, iball for- 
feit to the King 40 s. •, and if he cannot prove he did 
not know how to give a more right Judgment, Ice 
him alfo lofe his Franchife, unlefs he can redeem it at 
the King's good Pleafure : And if he lives under the 
Danifh Law, he (hall forfeit LahJlIiUf if he cannoc 



R£FERENCES» 

L. 41. Sci L. i^. 
I)omhec, nr hller judlcialhy what. Edvv. p. 48. i.— Athelflan, p. 57. 

V. — Edgar, p. 77. iii. 
Judgment to be impartial. Alfr. p.-»32. xliii. — Edu'. p. 48. i.— Edgar, 
p. 77. 1. — Canut. p. 1 33. i.— Hen. I. p. 247. xxviii. 
U/yuJl Judyfr/cnt^Cne Mulct. Edgar, p. 77. iii. — Canut. p. 13^. 

xiv.— Hen. I. p. 249. xxxiv. 
J'ffiice, the Denial, or OhfiruElion of it ; Mul^l'. Edw. p. 49. il.— . 
AthelUan, p. 56. iii. Concil. /Enham. p. 123. iii. p. 1^4. ii, 
Caniit. p. J 3 5. xiv. — Hen. I. p. 249. xxxiv. 
Mercy, to be exerclfed ivith fud^mcnt. Caniir. p. 135. ii. 
Appeals to the Ki/.g, ill what Cafe allowed. Edg. p. 77. ij. — Canut, 

p. 136. xvi. 
Jvd^ci, who ought to be. Hen. I, p. 2:j.i. ix. p. 247. xxix. 



prov« 



66 LEGES GULIELMI 

de Lahjlite, fi allegare non 
poteft quod melius facere 
non voluerit & quod rec- 
tam legem & redtum ju- 
dicium recufaverit, fit fo- 
risfa^lura erga ilium ad 
quern jus hoc pertinucriti 
hoc eft, fi fit ergo Regem, 
vi libr^, fi fit erga Comi- 
tem xl folidi, fi fit in 
Hundredo xxx folidi, & 
erga omnes eos qui Curi- 
am habent in Anglia, hoc 
elt, juxta iblidos Angli- 
canos. In Danelega qui 
redum judicium recufave- 
rit, fit is in mifericordia 
de fuo Lahjlile, nee bene 
faciat querelam Regi de 
hoc quod quis ei defe- 
cerit in Hundredo aut in 
Comitatu. 



CONQUESTORIS. 

folt, e qui dreite leie dreite 
jugement " refuferad, feit 
forfait envers celi ki dreit, 
CO eft a aveir, fi co eft 
envers li Rei vi°Livres, fi 
CO eft envers Cuntexl folz, 
fi CO eft en hundred xxx 
folz, e envers touz i cons 
ki Curr unt en Engkterre^ 
CO eft al folz Englen. E 
en Dafjelae qui dreit juge- 
rr^eni refulei ad, feit en la 
mercie de fa Lahflite, e 
ne faceP bon plainte a Rei 
dici qui km li feit de faili 
el hundred u el Conte. 



N O T E S. 

»> Rifuferad — with great deference, I think this fliould rather be 
iranflated, ga'inCay, call in ipicjlron^ or oppoff, than rccufat'erit^ as 
in Wilkins. The Law of Hen. I. wili throw fome Light on this 
Paflage. Qiii jiirciimjudit-iuin ordinahiliter habitum, et legitime 
redditi'm imprcbaverit, h Regis Actio fit, pTcrfeuiieJfc judicetur, i. 
L fol. in Wcft-Sexa. L. Hen. I. Chap, xxiiv. p. 249. See alfo 
Leg. Canut. p. 135. xiv. 



42. De 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 6^ 

prove that he could not judge better -, and whofoever 
fhall oppofe right Law, and right Judgment, let the 
Forfeiture go to him who ought to have had that 
Right; that is, if the King, vil. ; if an Earl, xl s. 
If it be within a Hundred, xxx s. •, and to all thofe 
who have a Court in England, this mull be according 
to the Englilh Shilling. By the Danifh Law, he who 
oppofes right Judgment, fhall be amerced his LahQite ; 
and he will very improperly appeal to the King's 
Court under a Pretence that there has been a Failure 
of Juftice in the Hundred or in the County. 



NOTES. 

° vi Livres, Law Hen. I. 1. 41. 

P Bonpla'pitc — Et nemo apud rcgem proclamatlonem faciat de 
aliquo qui ei fecundum legem redtum offerat in Hundredo fuo. Leg, 
Hen. I. p. 250. Leg. Edgar, p. 77. ii. Canut. p. 136. xri. 



10. Ccn~ 



68 



LEGES GULIELMI CONQUESTORIS. 



42. D^ pignore quod Namium vocant capiendo. 

Non capiat quis Na- Ne q prenge hum 11am- 
mium aliquod in Comi- mil en Conte, ne de fors 
tatu, ncc extra ufque dum d'ici quil eit tresfois de- 
ter redum petierit in mand dreit el hundred u 
Hundredo, aut in Comi- el Conte, e fil a la tercc 
tatu, & fi ad tertiam vicem fiee ne pot dreit aver, alt 
redum non poteft habere, a Conte, e le Conte len a 
eat ad Comitatum & Co- fete le quart jurn, e fe ciii 

NOTES. 

L. 42. 

' Ne prenge hum namm'il — Houard endeavours to prore that this 
Law is Noiman ; but we hope to (hew that it is ot Saxon Origin. 
The Paflageruns thus, Ait. 63. "DesLoix recueillies parSelden, le 
*' Conquerant, en recommendant d'obferver les Statuts d'Edouard, 
*' avoue qu'il y a ajoute plufieurs difpofuions, AdauSlis bis qiias 
*♦ cotiftituimiis^ l^c. Et on ne peut douter que celle du 42 Article 
*' ne Ibit de ce nombre. II eft intitule De Pignore quod namium 
*' 'vacant. LeGageconnu fous le nom de narnps parmi les Nor- 
*' mands, ne I'etoit pas dcs Anglois, puifqu'en leur impofant 
*' I'ufage, le Lcgiilature eft oblige de leur donner en Tinter- 
** preration." Difc. Prelim, p. 33. Tom. I. Note 39. 

" II ne fut done pas difficile a ceSoverainde faire inferer dims 
*' les Statuts d'Edouard quelques Maximes relatives aux Coutumes 
** dc Normandie cm'il avoit refolu de leur fubftitucr; et la traduc- 
** tion qu' il fit faire de ces Statuts en lungue Normande, lui four- 
" nit un Moyen aifc de parvenir a ce but. Car, fous pretexte de 
*' rendre intcliigibles certains droits particuliers a I'Angletterre, on 
♦* fe fervlt dc noms qui eioient confacrcs a dcfigner des droits Nor- 
** mands qui n'avoient avec les premiers c)ue des rapports fort 
*' eloigUL'S ; et inftnfibleinent lacontormitcdes noirs fit confondre 
*♦ CCS diti'erens droits auxquels on les avoit indiftindement .ip- 
*' pliques." jbid. p. n. 

The; Conqueror, (fays Houard) in the 63d of his Laws given 
us by Seiden, avou': his having made feveral Additions to the 
Laws ot Kdward ; Adauclh his auas conftituimus, isc. and there is 
no doubt bu. that the 42d Law is one of that Number. It isintitled 
*'■ Dc Pignnre (jund ]\a/}!!um •vacant.^'* The Pledge, known undec 
the Name nt ^ar'-ps among the Normans, could not have been in 
rjc amun ; the Kngl !h, linte at the Time ot inftituting this Ufage, 
tlie Legillature was obliged to ^ivc them au Interpretation of it. 

r mitatus 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR." 69 

42. Concerning taking a Bijirefs, which is called Na- 
mium. 

Let no one take a Diftrefs either within the County 
or out of it, till he has demanded Right to be done 
him three Times in the Hundred or County Court 5 
and if he cannot have Right the third Time he de- 
mands it, then let him apply to the County Court, 
which fhall appoint him a fourth Day ; and if the 

NOTES. 

It was not difficult then for this Monarch to caufe to be inferted 
among the Statutes of Edward fome Maxims which bore Relation 
to the Curtoms of Normandy, which he had refolved to fubliitute 
in their Place ; and the Tranflation which he caufed to he made 
of thcfc Statutes into the Norman Language turnifhed him with an 
eafy Means of attaining that End. For, under Pretence of render- 
ing intelligible certain Rights peculiar to the Englifli, he made ufe 
ot Terms which were appropriated to lignity fome Norman Rights 
which had only remote Connections with the others ; and the Con- 
formity in Terms infenlihly occalioned thefe difterent Ri;4hts, to 
which they had been indifcriminately applied, to be confounded. 

Our anfwer to thefc Alfertions is, that it is very true that Wil- 
liam added the Laws, by which feudal Tenures were eftablilhed, 
to thofe of Edward; but then heat the fame Time exprefsly or- 
dained that the Laws ot Edwaid Ihould " in omnibus rebus," with 
thofe additional Laws, be obferved ; thefe laft are fuppofed to 
have been enaded fcvcral Years atter the Publication ot Edward's 
Laws, and they are in Latin, and not in Norman French. The Titles 
make no Parr ot the Oiiginal, they being added by Selden ; out if 
they were, it is prefumed that the /^zd Law cannot be one of thofe 
new Laws, as this learned Author conjeclures ; for the Term Namps 
a Difirefs, though made ufe ot by the Normans, comes from the 
Saxon Verb namian, caperc, to take ; and like many other ot our 
LawTeims, which althou,q;h they fecm to be French, are only dif- 
guifed in a Norman Drefa, and leally have a Saxon Original ; and 
as in the Grand Culhuniere or Normandy there is a Chap'er of 
Kanipes, there is great Reafon to believe that the Normans borrowed 
this and many other of their Laws from the Ei^.giifii, inltead ot the 
PLnglilh from them, as INIonf. Houard would penuade us. SclJ. 
taum.er. 194. Fort. Pref. p. 46. Arg. Ante Norm. 121. Pret. 6.Rep. 

REFER ENQES. 
Canute, p. 136. xviii.' — Wm, Conq. p. iz()> \x\\\ 

F 3 Perron 



yO LEGES GULIELMI CONQUESTORIS, 

mitatus praefigat ei diem defait dc ki il fe claime. 



quartiim & fi ipfe defe- 
cerit de quibus ipfe pof- 
tulat, tunc licentiam ac- 
cipiat, ut pofTit Namium 
capere pro fuo homine & 
teftimonio. 



dunt prenge conge qui il 
pufle nam prendre 'pur le 
ion lum e pref. 



NOTES. 

' Pwr le fon lum epref—1 have followed Ducnnge— Pro fua utiii- 
tate et proficuo. — Canute, p. 136. 1. xviii.->— Ut proprium fuura 
perquirat. 

43. Ne quis rem aliquam imat fine tcjiihus. 

Nemo emat quantum iv Ne nul achat le vaili- 

denariis £eftimatur, neque ant de iv den. de mort, 

de re mortua neque de vif, fans teibmonie ad iv 

viva abfque fcftim<>nio iv. hommes u de Burg, u de 

hominum aut de Burgo, Vile; e lelum le chalange 

aut de Villa. Et fi quis e il nen ait teltimonie, fi 

rem vendicat, & is non nad nul Warrant rende 

hab( at tcdimonium ; fi lun al hum Ton chatel, e le 

nulluiiihdbeatWarrantum forfait ait, ki averledeit; 

relpondirat a'ceri C'acallum e fi teftimonie ad, fi cum 

luum, & forisfaduram nous eviz defunes * voefl 

habeat qui habere debet, Ics treis foiz, c a la quart 

& fi tcltimonium habtat foiz le dereinet, u il Ic 

ut jam diximus advocet rende. 
tribus vicibus & vice 
quarta dilrationct, aut rem 
reddat. 

NOTES. 

L. 43. 

• Vi\fl /<--• t>rr<i f>iz — Ducangc and Hour.id, in their Tranflations, 
fcem t;. h ". -ike:! this i^afl;ij,e. Seldt-n IcFt it imtendered ; 

but uiieii the Words '■^ njccjl Us ticisforJ' are aucndal to and 



^4 



. De 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE C0N(iUER01t. Jt 

Perfon againft whom he complains, makes Default ; 
then let him have Leave to take a Diitrefs fufficient to 
make himfelf Amends. 

43. That nothing Jhall he h ought hut in the Prefence of 
Witnejfes, 

Let no one buy either dead or live Goods of the 
Value of 4d. without the Teftimony of four Men, 
either of the Borough or Vill ; and if the Thing be 
challenged, and he has no fuch Teftimony, he fhall 
not be allowed to litigate the Matter, but mufl: re- 
ftore the Goods to the Owner, and let the Forfeiture 
go to him to whom it belongs ; and if he has fuch 
WitnelTcs as above mentioned, let him vouch them 
three Times, and at the fourth either prove his Right 
to the Goods, or reftore them. 

NOTES. 

L. 43. 

compared vnth the Law of Canine, which fays, ^^ tunc Advocatlo 
•* Jiat ifr^'' the Difficuhy feems to vanifh. Canute, 1. xxii. p. 31 7. 

REFERENCES, 

L. 43. 

Lothar. & Eadr. p. g. xvi. — Edw. p. 48. i. 

Athelftan, p. 58. xii. p. 61. xxiv. — Ed^ar, p. 80. vilu— ^Ethel- 
red, p. 103. iv.— Caiiut. p. J 37. xxii. — Wm.Comj. p. 218. ii. 
p. 229. Ix. 



F 4 45- Of 



72 LEGES OULIELMI CON<itrESTORIS, 



44. De appropriatione rei. 

Nobis ration! confonum Nus ne femble pais 

non videtqr, ut quis pro- raiibn que lum face pru- 

priationem faciat fupra vance fur teftimonie ki 

teftimonium qupd cogno- conufient co que entre eft 

verit id quod intereft, & e qui nul nel pruft devant 

quod nihil quis proprium le terme de vi meis, apres 

faciat ante terminum vi ico qui laveir fu emble. 
menfium poftquam averi- . • 

vim furto fit ablatum. 

NOTES. 

L. 44. 

This Law was totally unintelligible to Selden ; and Ducangt, 
Wilkins, and Houard, differ very much in their Interpretation of 
it ; but I think the following Law of Canute explains it belK 
Nobis etiam non videtur juftum, quod cjuis poffideat aliquid, cu'n 
adfit teftimonium, et cognofcere poffint, quod furto fit ablatum ; 
quod nemo pollic appropviare fibi aliquid citius quam poft fex meufcs 
pcllquani furto fuerat ablatum. Leges Canut. p. 137. xxii. 

45. De vadimon'io deferto, 

Et qui retatus eft, & E cil qui eft redte, e 

teftibus conviclus de re- teftimoniet de ^ deleaute, 

bellione, & implacitatus ele plait tres foiz efchuite 

tribus vicibusvitavit,&ad al quart muftrent li fu- 

NOTES. 

L. 45. 

* De deleaute — Spelman, Ducange, and Houard, read, tie haute ; 
but I apprehend it fliould be de dclcautr, as in Wilkins, and that 
fuch R.ra.;ing will be warranted by the Laws of Edgar, ^thelred, 
and Cfl.) c. Si qui- (cujus apud omnem populum labefafta eft 
fide ; : :;puis fuerit incuiatus. Leg. Edgar, p. 78. 1. vii. iEthelr. 
p. .03. V. Canute, p. 137. 1. xxiii. 

See Note on L, xvi. 

quartam 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQJJEROR 73 

44. Of claiming Things Jlokn, 

It does not feem juft that any one fliould keep what 
is ftolen, when there is Evidence of its being fo ; or 
that he fhould gain any Property \r\ the Thing, till 
fix Months after it has been ftolen. 



REFERENCES. 

L. 44. 

Inx, p. 23. xlvi'i. — iEchelred, p. 106, x, — Canut. p. 137. xxH.— ^ 
Hen. I. p. 262. Ixiv. 



45. How to proceed againji contumacicus Offenders* 

If any one who has forfeited his Charadter among his 
Neighbours ftands accufed of any Crime, and has avoid- 

REFERENGES. 

L. 45. See L. 50. 
Pdgar, p. 78. vii. — jEthelred, p. 103. v. — Canute, p. i37.xMlii. 
p. 138. xxvii. p. 139. XXX. p. 136. XX. 



LEGES GULIELMI 



74- 

quartam vicem oftendat 
fummonitor tria ejus cri- 
mina, nihilominus man- 
detur homini ut plegium 
inveniac & vcniat ad jUs, 
& fi nolir, fi nan viderit 
homineni vivum aut mor- 
tuum, capiat quantum 
habet & reddat petenti 
catallum fuLim & Domi- 
nus habeac medieratem 
refidui, & Hundredum 
medietatem. Et fi nullus 
Parens auc amicus iftam 
Juftitiam deiorciaverint, 
forisfaciant erga Regem 
vi libras: Et quaerat latro 
quicquid poterit invenire, 
non hiabeat warrantum de 
vita fua, nee per prciiibi- 
tum placifum poterit all- 
quid recuperare. 



NOTES. 
L. 45. 

" Li She ail k mrite — alteram bonorum partem fondi dominus, 
altenim centuriuti habcp.to, Lea;. Ed^ar. 1. vii. p. 78. Hoiiard is of 
opinio!!, that the Sire in this Law is not he urderflood of a Lord of 
the Fee, but ot the Land ; and that the i'erlon acciilidis not :o be 
coiifiderd as a VafT'al, but as a Member of the Hundred ; and that 
for this Feafon the Hundred is intitled to the remaining Halt of 
his Eticdts. Lluuaid pieuves JuUilicat. L. xlv. p. 123. 



CONQUESTORIS. 

menour de fe treis defau- 
tes, uncore le mande lum 
que 11 plege trule, e vlenge 
a dreit, e fil ne volt, fi ne 
vlft lum vif u mort, fi 
prenge lum quanque il ad 
e fi rende lum al chalan- 
geur fun chatel, e " li Sire 
ait la meite del remenant, 
e le Hundred la meite. 
Et ^ fi nul parent nami 
cefle juftice ^^ det'orcent, 
feient torfeit envers li Rei 
de y vi lib. e quergent le 
larun nen en ki poefte, il 
feit trove neit warrant de 
fa vie, ne per defenfed 
plait nait mes recourer. 



46. De 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. y§ 

cd appearing at three Courts, and his three Defaults 
are proved by the Summoners at the fourth Court; 
then let him be cbmmanded to find Fledges, and (land 
to Jultice i but if he will not, nor can be found 
either alive or dead ; then let all which he hath be 
feized and the Value of the Thing claimed be paid out 
of his Effects to the Claimant; and let one half of the 
Refidue go to the Lord, and the other half to the 
Hundred. And if any of his Kindred or Friends 
obftruct fuch Judgment, let the Forfeiture be 61. to 
the King, and Search made after the Thief; and 
in whofoever Cuftody he be found, no Pledge Ihall be 
taken for his Life, nor Ihall he ever after be allowed 
to plead any thing in his Defence. 

NOTES. 
L. 45. 

^ Et /i fiul parent nami cejle juflice Jeforcent — the Forfeiture here 
feems to ariie Irom relifting the Law; therefore 1 have taken the 
Liberty ot diftering trom Se.den, Dacaii^e, and 'louard, by tranf- 
lating *' fi nul parent n'ami,'* — if miy of his Kindred or Fricndsy in- 
ftead ot //''/o/iT ; nul being irequeiuiy ulVd inthisSenle. A nut, 
to any one, Mir. :53a. Haw. Star. i. 26—// 7iu!, it any one, Prynn 
400 — Sclden chol'e to leave this i^arc ot the Law from the word ««//, 
as he tound it. 

* Defo'c rit — ciitforciarc reftum ; dicltur is qui contra rectum agit, 
Ducan;e, ditforciare. L. Hen. L p. 26* 1. Ixi, 

y VL lib. See Law 41. 



46. Of 



yS LEGES OULIELMI CONQ.UESTORIS. 

46. De Hofpitibus. 

Nemo alium recipiet Nuls he receit horn 

ultra iii nodtes nifi is eum ultre iiPniiis, fi til ne li 

ill! commendaverit, qui command od qui il full 

ejus fuerit amicus. amy. 



NOTES. 

« Ultre Hi nuts — This Law is plainly taken from Canute^s, 
*' Nemo alterum fufcipiat diutius quam tres Diey nili ille cuj 
*♦ sntea fervivit,eum commendaverit." Can. 1. xxv. p. 138. 

47. De famulis. 

Nemo hominem fuum Ne nuls nelait fun hum 
a fc difcedere patiatur an- de li partir, pus qui il elt 
tequam ''retatus fuerit. * rete. 



NOTES. 

» Rete — with this nearly agrees the Law of Canute, " Nemo 
** fervum fuum a fe amoveat, antequam fe purgaverit ab omni 
*' fi'Tpicinne, cujus prius accufatus erat." Canute, 1. xxv. p. 138. 
Brai^. I 24.. !. iii. c. x. S. I. 

^ Antcqimm — \2.'Cs\t\ fojlquam^ agreeable to the Text, pus qui. 



48. Be 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQ.UEROR. ^^ 

4<5. OfGueJis, 

Let no one harbour another more than three 
Nights, unlefs recommended by him who laft enter- 
tained him. 

REFERENCES. 

L. 46. 
Stranger^ entertaining three Nights^ to he anjhverahle for him. Hlothar. 
& £adr. p. g. xv. — Canute, p. 138. xxv. — Edw. Conf. p. zoz. 
xxvii. 

Jf only tivo NightSy not anf'Meralle. £d. Conf. p. 202. xxvii. 
Kiilain Fugitive harbouring^ to be anfiver able for him, Inae, p. 15. 

XXX. 

Violator of the Peace — what Purgation. iEthelred, p. 118. x. 

47. Concerning thofe of a Man's Houjhold, 

Nor let any one fufFer his Man to quit his Service, 
after he has been fufpecled of any Crime. 

REFERENCES. 

L. 47. See L. 33. 
AthclHan, p. 60. xxii. — CaiiUt. p. 138. xxv,— -Hen. I, p. 2^1, zii. 



37. 1'ht 



78 



LEGES GULIELMI CONQUESTORIS. 



48. De eo qui furibus obviam dederit^ ^ abire per 
miferit, 

Et qui Latroni occur- 
rerit, & fine clamore eum 
permiierit abire, emendet 



juxta valorem Latronis, 
aut fe purget plena lege, 
quod ilium Latronem efle 
nefcivit: Etqui clamorem 
audierit & fuperfederit, 
fuperfeflione Regis emen- 
det, aut feipfum purget. 



E ki larun encontre, c 
fanz cri a acient li leic 
aler, fi lamend a la vai- 
launce de larun, u fe nef- 
purge per ' pkner lei, qui 
il larun nel fout -, e ki le 
cri orat e furfera, la^furfife 
li Rei amend, u fen ef- 
purget. 



NOTES. 

' Tlener let — This is the fame as Lex plenaria, and Lex apparem ; 
viz. the Trial by Ordeal or Battle, and calleil fo, becaufe from the 
Event, the Truth of the Matter in Controverfy, as was believed in 
ihofe Days of Ignorance and Superftition, evidently appeared. 

This Law is borrowed almoft Word for Word Irom the 26th Law 
of Canute ; and adopted by Hen. L in his 65th Law. 

d Surfifc — in Saxon Opejnj-ennyj-j-e, in the LL. Hen. I. Over- 
feunejja. See Note on Law 41. 

49. De hero ut familiajijlenda fidejujforjlt. 



Quilibet etiam Dominus 
habeat fervientem fuum 
aut plegium fuum, quern, 
fi non retatus fuerit, habeat 
ad reftum in Hundredo. 



E chafcun Seniour eit 
fon Serjant, u fun plege 
^ que fi nele rete, que ait a 
dreit el Hundred. 



NOTES. 

' ^e fi nele rete — qucm, fi non retatus fuerit, Wilkins — but I 
apprehend there muft be fome Miflake, the Senlc being quite the 
contrary; and the Law of Hen. L is " Ut ornnis Dominui fecum 
*' tales habeat, qui jufticiabiles fmt, ct teneat himiham luani in 
*• plegio fuo, et li accufetur in aliquo, refpondcat in Hundredo fuo, 
»* &c." L. Hen. L p. 251. >:!i. 

I 50. De 



tAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 79 

48. ^he Mul5i for letting a Thief go without raijing the 

Hue and Cry. 

And whofoever meets a Thief, and fuffers him to 
cfcape without raifing the Hue and Cry j he (hall 
make Amends to the Price of the Thief, or clear him- 
felf by Plener Lei that he did not know he was a thief: 
and whofoever hears the Hue and Cry and negleds 
to purfue it, he (hall make Amends to the King for 
the Negled:, or clear himfelf. 

REFERENCES. 

L. 48. See L. 33. 
In^, p. 20. xxxvl. — Canut. p. 138. xxvi. — Hen. I. p. 263. Ixr, 
p. 244. xii. 

49. Every Lord to anfwer for his Servant heing amen- 

able to Jujlice. 

Let every Lord be Pledge for his Servant, fo that if 
he Ihall be accufed of any Crime, he (hall be amenable 
to Juftice in the Hundred. 



REFERENCE. 

L. 49. See L. 33. 

(Ethclr. p. 103. i.— Canut. p. 139. xxviil. — Edvv. Conf. p. 202. 
XXI. — Hen. 1. p, 251. xii. 



5c. Horn 



8o 



LEGES OULIELMI CONQiJESTORIS* 



50. De incred'ibili accufato in Hundrcdo, 



Si quis intra Hundre- 
dum incufatus fuerit, iv 
homines eum retineant, fe 
duodecima manu purger, 
& fi aufugerit pendente 
accufatione, Dominus red- 
dat Weram fuam, & fi 
Dominus 'incufetur quod 
per eum abire permittitur, 
fe purget fexta manu, & 
li non poflet, emendct 
verfus Rcgem, & fit uda- 
gatus. 



Sieflalquonqui blamet 
feit de dinz le Hundred 
iv humes le retent, fei xii 
main s'efpurget, e fi il kn 
fuift dedenz la chalcnge, 
li fire rende fijn were, e fi 
lun chalenge le Seignour 
qui per le fen feic ale fi 
s'efcundie *^f6i vi main, t 
fil ne pot envers li Kei 
lament, e s cil foit utlage. 



NOTES. 

f Set vi mahi^ i. c. He himfclf making the 6th. See L. 17, 
S E cil folt ullage — et fit utlagatus. Lambard, Seiden, Ducange, 
Houard. This lait Part of the Law does not fecm to have been 
thoroughly attended to by any of the above learned Authors ; for 
by comparing the Words •' cil foit utlage'^'' with the LL. ot ^thel- 
red, Canute, and Hen. I. J it ij evident, " cil" mull ictcr to the 
Party accufed, and not to the Lord; as the Punifhment by Out- 
lawry would not only be too I'evere, but aWurd alio, afier making 
Amends. 

Sit Fur exlex. yEthelred, L. i. p. 103 — Sit HoniD exlex, Canut. 
Lr. xxviii. p. 139 — Qyi.lugit, Utlaga lit. Hen. 1. L. xii. p. 351. 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQ.UEROR. 79 

50. How one of had Chara^ier^ if accufed in the Hun- 
dred, is to purge himfelf 

If any one, whofe Characfter has been impeached 
within the Hundred by four Men, ftands accufed, let 
him acquit himfelf by 12 Compurgators ; and if he 
flees, depending the Profecution, the Lord fhall pay 
his Were ; and if the Lord be charged with being 
privy to his Efcape, he mull clear himfelf by the 
Oaths of fix Perfons j and if he cannot do that, he 
fhall make Amends to the King ; and let the accufed 
Perfon be outlawed. 



REFERENCES. 



L. 50. See L. 45. 
jEthelred, p. 102. i.— Canut. p. 138. xxvii. — Hen. I. p. 263. bcv. 
p. 264. Ixvii. 



C 80 ] 

INTRODUCTORY PREFACE 

To the 52^, 55th, 58th, 59th, and 63d, 
LAWS OK WILLIAM the CONQ.UEROR. 

MY firft Intention was only to have tranflatcd the 
Laws of William L which are in the Norman 
Tongue ; but as the Landed Piopcrty of England under- 
went fo great an Alteration by his Eftrblifnment of the 
Feudal Syfleni, I judged it rni'jht afTord loine Entertain- 
n-ent to the Reader to take a View of the above Laws of 
William in L.itiii, which efFeftcd this great Change ; for 
this purpofe I have given a Tranflation of them, and added 
fome Notes from various Auihors who have confidered tliefe 
L.^.w?. 

William I. foon after his Conqucil transferred alinoil all 
the Lands of England to his Followers, and nr^de them In- 
heritances dcicendible according to the Norman Law; but 
as thofe which remained inEr!::liili Hands Vv'ou!d have tj;onc 
on in the old Courfc, and b^er. free from tiic Eurdien of 
feudal Tenure, it was ncceli'arv to proceed fonievvhat fur- 
ther; for this Purpofe, in foinc lubfci;nent P,;rt vi his i^eign, 
liie coffimune C'onciiiumo'i ih^i Natiop. was coi'.vencd, and Laws 
made, which, in the Event, akvred the Military Policy of 
the Kingdom, aboiitiicJ tlie trlno'Iu Xr'Cr'J/iius^ and made the 
Lands of the ErigUlh and of tl:c Ch.urcU '.iablc to Knights 
Service, as he had u<jne the L'.nd.: granted to the Normans j 
and the Syll-jui w^s thereby lenJ-iicd uiii'onn. 

The Jt'lrs of fc;-!:i:i'lv i:;uod.Ain;j; the I'eotlal Tenures by 
Law into tlfio Na.icn, is not hxc irr.;! I'.ircrtainty. Sulli- 
v;in places tiiis in \hc ^lii Year of Kirg William's Reign ; 
but Blacklloac. frouj tl;e S;ixon Chronicle, is of Opinion it 
was in the ic:b, the latier fc ad of tlie Year 1086, wiien 
Wilii:3m was aitei^dcd bv all his Nobles at Sarum, and all 
the principal Lanuljoldcrs did h:m Homage and Fealty; and 
he thinks it probable that ih.c verv ?.av.- thus ni^clc at that 
Council, is the 5v.d Law of this Ki;g; ;in.;l that the Per- 
formance of the Militiiry Feudal Services, as ortlained by 
that general Council, arc exacted by tlio 5Hth Law. Syil, 
2B7. — 2d Biaci-^floae 49. 
2 



LAWS OV WILLIAM THE CONQ.UEROR. 



8l 



L. 52. 



Statuimus " ut omnes 
liberi '' homines fccdcre*^ et 
Sacramento affirment, 
quod intra et ^ extra uni- 
verfiim regnum Anglise 
Regi Willielmo Domino 



We ordain that all Free- 
men fhall oblio-e them- 
felvcs by Homage and 
Fealtv, that within and 
out of the Dominions or 
England, they will be 



NOTE S. 

* Stataimiis — This implies it was not by the King alone, but by 
the commune Concilium, or Parliament ; for the Style of the King 
of England, when i'peaking or himfeli, was for Ages after in the 
lingular Number, bull. 288. Wright. 2 Black, p. 49. See Law 

b Lileri Homines — Thefe were Ter.ants in Military Service, and 
were the only Men or Honour, Faith, Truft, and Reputation, in 
the Kingdom ; and trom fiich as thefe, which were not Barons, 
the Knights did chufe Jurymen, fcrved on Juries themielves, bare 
Ofhccs, and difpatched all Country Bufmefs. Brady's Anfwer to 
Petir, p. 39. 

' FectUre et Sacrarnento affirmait. — Fauius is the Homage, and &i- 
eramentwn the Oath of Fealty, and they arc placed in the Order 
they are fo be done. Sull. 2SS. 

^ Intra et extra univerfum regnum AiigUtT — -Thefe Words are par- 
ticularly to be obfcrvec ; for thev made a Deviation from the gene- 
ral Principles ot the Feudal Law, and one highly advantageous to 
the Kingly Power. By the Feudal Law, no Vaflal was obliged to 
ferve his Lord in War, unlefs it was a delcnlive War, or one he 
thought a jull one ; nor tor any Territoiies belonging to his Lord 
tr-at was not a P;>rt or the Seigniory ot which he held ; but this 
would not ctfecluaily ferve for the Defence ot William. He was 
Dukeot Normandv, which he heUi trom France; and he knew the 
King of that Country vvas very jealous ot ttie extraordinary Ac- 
ttlfion of Power he had gidncd by his new territorial Acquilition, 
and would take ever)- Occallon, juil or unjuft, of attacking him there ; 
in Oiorr, th;.t he muft be alv/iys in a State ol War. Sjch an Obli- 
5;ation oil his ■ren;.nts, 01 ferviiig every wliere, u'as oi the higheft 
Confeuuencj tor him to obtain : nor was it difhcult ; as moft of 
thern alfu had Kibites in Normandy, wa'^, wore by S."!f-intereft en- 
t^JijCd in its Dc'.cuce. ^ull. rS.-). 



G 



fuo 



82 



LAWS OF WILLIAM 



* luo fidcles ^ elTc volunt, 
terras et honores illius om- 
nifidelitate ubiquei'ervare 
cumeo, et contra inimicos 
ct alienigcnas dcfendere. 



L. 

Volumus etiam ac fir- 
miter prsecipimus et con- 
cedimus ut omnes liberi 
homines totius Monarchise 
regni noftri prsedidli ha- 
beant et teneant terras fuas 
et pofiefTiones fuas bene 
ct in pace, libere ab omni 
Exadione s injufta, et ab 



THE CONQUEROR. 

faithful to King William 
their Lord, his Lands and 
Honours, with all Fidelity 
every where with him will 
prelcrve, and againft all 
Enemies, foreign and do- 
meftic, will them defend. 



55- 



We will and firmly 
command and grant that 
all Freemen of the whole 
Monarchy of our aforefaid 
Kingdom may have and 
hold their Lands and Pof- 
feflions well and in Peace, 
free from all unjull Ex- 
adtions and Tallage ; fo as 



NOTES. 

e WtlUelnio Domino fun — not Re?ii not the Oath of Allegiance as 
King, but the Oath or Fejlty, iiom a Tenant to a Landlord, tor 
the Lards he holds. Still. 288. 

i TiMes — this is th? very technical Word of the Feudal Law for 
& VafTal. Bull. 288. GloH. XV. 

2 Kxafiione injujia et ab omni taUagio — that is, from all extraordi- 
nary hard Impolifions and Taxes; not their ordinary Scutage or 
Aids. Anfwer to Petit, 38. 

Notwithflanding this Law, by which Reliefs were made certain, 
the Military Fees hereditary, and heed from all extraordinary 
Taxes, &CC. VViili'im, and his Son Rufus, had introduced many ill 
Culioms, and opprefied the Military Tenants to a great Degree ; fo 
tlia' Hen. I. in order to ingratiate himlelt with his Subje<5ls, granted 
the.n, on the Day ot his Coronation, a Charter, by which all ill 
Cufioms, ^c. were 'o be removed. This Charter, Dr. Brady thinks, 
was in'cnde.i as a l-lelaxation or Abatement ot the Feudal Normaa 
Law prat':t,fcd by his Father and Broth-r in exacting great Reliefs, 
and concerning she Wmdlhip ot Orjjhans, and difpoiins; ot them 
and Widows in Marriage ; hut that, at tlie lame time, this Charter 
was an Indulgence granted to the Norman Kn^li/h, fuch as livt'd 
w England, rather than to the ancient Nii\.'i\ts, or i:axon Kn^l'JJj. 
Brad)''slnts-educt. Vo .1. p. 265. 

omni 



LAWS OF WILLIAM 

omni Tallagio -, ita quod 
nihil ab eis exigatiir vel 
capiatur nifi lervicium 
fuum liberum quod dc 
jure nobis facere debent & 
facere tenentur ; et prout 
flatutum eft eis et illis a 
nobis datum et concef- 
fum jure hasreditario iin- 
pertum per commune 
Confilium totius Regni 
Boftri pr^didli. 

L. 

Statuimus * etiam et 
firmiter prsccipimus ut 
omnes Comites, et Ba- 
rones, et Milites, et Ser- 
vientes, ^ et univerfi liberi 



THE CONQUEROR. S^ 

nothing be exafted or 
taken favc their free Ser- 
vices, which of Right they 
ought and are bound to 
perform to us, and as it was 
appointed to them, and 
given and granted to them 
by us, as a perpetual Right 
of Inheritance by the com- 
mon Council of the whole 
Kingdom. 

58. 

We ordain alfo, and 
firmly command, that all 
Earls, and Barons, and 
Knights, and Servants, 
and all the Freemen of our 



NOTES. 



^ 



» Statuimus — This new Poliry feenis not to have been impofed by 
the Conqueror, but nationally and freely adapted by the general 
Ailenibly of the whole Realm, in the fame Mani-ier as other Nations 
ot Europe had before adopted it, upon the iarne Prmiiple ot Selt- 
iecurity. And, in particular, they had the recent Example ot the 
French Nation before their Eyes ; which had gradually furrendered 
up all it5 allodial or rrcc Lands into ihe King's Hands, who relfored 
them to the O.vr.crsas a Boiefidum or Feud, to be held to them and 
fuch of their Heirs as they previoully nominated to the King, 
2 Black. 50. S'eLaw 52. 59. 

'' Sei-'vientes — And their Servants and Efcuyers. Anfwer to 
Petit, 38. 

According to Mr. Sullivan, thefe vvere *' the lower Soldiers not 
*' knighted, who had not yet got Lands, but were quartered on the 
" Abbeys." SuU. 289. 

Li our Year Books, in the Time of Edward IIL the Name of 
Si-'jeunt (the lame with Scri'-ais) is v^k'i for the next to Knighr. 
As where the Court gives Direction to the four Knights to choofe 
tUc grand Airiie in a Writ or Right, 7:1: ijlies (lay the) ) nul Serjeant 



homines 



84 LAWS OF WILLIAM fHE CONQUEROR. 



homines totius regni noftri 
praedifli habeant et tenc- 
ant fe femper bene in Ar- 
mis et in equis ut d;;cct et 
oportet, et quod fini 
femper prompt! et bene 
parati ad fervicium fuum 
integrum nobis explen- 
dum et peragendum cum 
femper opus adfuerit, 
fecundum quod nobis de- 
bent de feodis ""■ et tene- 
mcntis fuis de jure facere, 
et ficut iliis ftatuimus per 
commune Concilium to- 
tius regni noftri prsdifti, 



whole Kingdom aforefaid 
Ihall be always fitted with 
Horfe and Arms as they 
ought to be, and always 
ready and well prepared 
to perform their whole 
Service to us when there 
Ihall be Need, according 
to what they ought by 
Law to do to us by rea- 
fon of their Fiefs and Te- 
nements j and as we have 
ordained to them by the 
common Council of our 
whole Kingdom aforefaid; 
and have given and grant- 



N O T E *S. 

/aitt come vous poies avcz Chivalitrs convenient. Do not chule any 
Sej^eanf as lontj; as you can find a proper Number ot Knights, 2 2d 
Ed. III. 18 3.-^26 Ed. III. 57. a. Sdd.Tit. Hon. adEd. p. 832. 

So likewife in the Ordinances of the Parliament of the 46 Ed. 
III. refpetting Knights of the Shire, Serjeant is placed next to 
Knight, " voejl le Roy que Cbivalers Cs" Scyjant% des meulx vaues du 
** paies fo'icnt rctournez defore Chivakrs en Parlemeniz." The King 
wills, that Knights and Serjeants of the mod Subftance in the County 
be from hencctorth returned Knights in Parliament. Rutf. Appcn. 

43* 

It began to grow out of Ufe about this Time, and the Title 

of F.fo.uire fuccccdcd. Sdd. B32. 

Others are of Oj/mion that l)y Servicntes arc meant thofe who 
held by Grand or Petit Serjcnnty. 

' De Feodis ct Teticmcntiifr.is — for their Fecs and Tenures. An- 
f.ver to Petit, p. 39. 



ec 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQJJEROR. 85 

ct illis dedimus et concef- cd to them in Fee in here- 
fimus in fcedo jure «* hx- ditary Right, 
reditario. 

L. 59. 

Scatuimus etiam et fir- We ordain alfo and 

miter prgecipimus utom- firmly command, that all 

nes liberi = homines totius Freemen of our whole 

regni noftri pr^edidi fint Kingdom aforefaid be 

fratres conjurati ad Men- Iworn Brothers, manfully 

archiam noftram et ad reg- to preferve and defend our 

num noftrum pro viribus Monarchy or Govern- 

fuis et facultatibus contra ment, and our Kingdom 

inimicos pro pofle fuo with all their Power, 

defendendum et viriliter Force, and Might, againft 

NOTES. 

^ yure hareJlfan'o — The great Effc£l of this Law was to fettle twq 
Things, not exprefsly mentioned in the former ; the firrt, to (hew 
the Nature of the Service now required, Knijjht Service on Horfc- 
back ; and the other, to afcertain to all his Tenants, Saxons as well 
as Normans, the Hereditary Right they had in their Lands ; for if 
that had not been done by this Law, as now all Lands were made 
feudal, and their Titles to them confequently to be decided by that 
Law, they might otherwife be liable to a Conllru^tion, according 
to its Principles ; that any Man, who could not fliew in his Title 
Words of Inheritance, which the Saxons generally could not do, 
was but Tenant for Life. This general Law pin all on the fame 
Footing, and gave them Inheritances, as they had before, but of ano- 
ther Nature, the feudal one, and confequently made them fubjcft to 
all its Regulations. Sull. 284. zSg. a Black. 50. Anfwcr to Pctir, 
38. See Law 55. 

* L:l>cri Homines — The Freemen in this I^i'.v are the fame as are 
mentioned in the ^^d, 55th, and 53th Liws, and the)' were fuch 
as held in Militiiry Tenure, thoa-^h not kuig'ueu ; tor fuch as were, 
are called Milihs, and the other ul^i^ri Hofniiu"', -.nvl fometimes they 
are taken promlfcuoufly one for another ; but thty were very dii- 
ieren: troni our ordinary Ficeholuas at this D.iv. Anfwer to Petit, 
p. 38, 39. Glolfiry, Dy the fr.ne Author, p. 32. Sec Law 53. 

According to Sullsv.in, tlii'y were " t!ic S r:on FrccholJers, and 
the Ten:\nt3 of the Cluiich, whii-h no.v was fubjevltcJ to Knight. 
Service." Sull. 2S5. 

G 4 fcrvanJumj 



S6 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 



fervandum,Pacem et Dig- 
nitatem Coronae noftra^ 
integram obfervandam, et 
ad judicium ^ redum et 
juftitiam conftanter om- 
nibus modis pro poflfe fuo 
fine dolo et fine dilatione 
faciendam. HocDecretum 
fancitum eft in Civitate 
London, 



Enemies, and keep entire 
the Dignity and Peace of 
our Crown, and to give 
right Judgment, and con- 
ftantly to do Juftice by all 
Ways and Means, accord- 
ing to their Power and 
Ability, without Fraud 
or Delay. This Law was 
enabled in the City of 
London, 



L. 6 



3- 



"Hoc quoque przeci- This we alfo command 
pimus ut omnes habeant ct that all our Subjects have 
teneant Legem s Edwardi and enjoy the Laws of 



NOTES. 



f Judicium reElum et Juftitiam — The Judgment they were to give, 
■and the JulHce they were to do by this Law (befides that in their 
own Courts and Jurifdidions) was principally as they were Jurors 
or Recognitors upon Aflize, &c. ; though fome of the greateft of 
their Milites were often Slieriifs, Hundredaries, and other under 
Judges, and minifterial Officers of Juftice in the feveral Counties. 
Anl'wer to Petit, p. 40. GlanvlUe, I. 2. ex. 11. 1. 9. c. vii. 
3. lib. xiii. 

£ Legem Edv^ardi Regis. — We have before (hewn that Williarw 
the Conqueror, at his Coronation, fworc to the Obfcrvation of the 
Laws oi Rdivard the Confcjfor ; and with rcfpect to fuch of them 
as did not clafh with his Delign ot introducing the military Feudal 
Syftem, he now again conrirnis them in otiinibui rebus j adding 
thereto the above Laws and lome others. 



Regis 



LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR. 87 

Regis in omnibus rebus. King Edward in all 
adauffis ^ bits quas con- Things ; with the Additi- 



NOTES. 

•• AdauBii bitS'^'Wc hope it will be no improper Concluiion of 
thefe Notes to prefent the Reader with the very ftriking View which 
Blackftone and Sullivan give U8 of the prodigious Alterations thefe 
few additional Laws of William made in the Properties of Landed 
£(lates here, from what was their Nature and Qualities before that 
Time. 

Thefe Eftates, in the Saxon Times, had, in general, been the ab» 
folate Propenies of the Owner ; they could be aliened at Plcafurc, 
they could be devifed by Will, were fubjc<ft to no Exadions on the 
Death of the Owner, but a very moderate fettled Heriot paid by 
the Executor. In the mean Time, on the Death of the Anceftor, 
the Heir entered without waiting for the Approbation of the Lord, 
or paying any Thing for it; and his Heir, if there was no Will, 
was all the Sons jointly. No Wardfhip or Marriage was due or ex- 
adted, if the Heir was a Minor. Now, by the Feudal Cuftoms be- 
ing introduced, no Alienation without an exorbitant Fine for a Li- 
cence, no Will or Teftament concerning them, availed any Thing : 
/^icis towards knighting his eldcft Son, or marrying his eldcil Daugh- 
ter, not to forget the Ranfom of his own Perfon, are become Indif- 
pcnfable Duties. The Heir on the Death of his Anceftor, if of full 
Age, was plundered of the firft Emoluments arifing from his Inheri- 
tance, by way of Relief and primer feifin ; and, if under Age, of the 
whole ot his Eftatc during Infancy. And then, as Sir Thomas Smith 
very feelingly complains, " when he came to his own, after h« 
*' was out of Wardjljip^ his Woods decayed, Houfes fallen down, 
" Stock wafted and gone, Lands let forth and plous^hed to be 
*' barren," to make Amends, he was yet to pay Haifa Year's Pro* 
fits as a Fine for fuing out his Livety; and alfo the Price or Value 
of his Marriage^ if he refufed fuch Wife as his Lord and Guardian 
had bartered for, and impofed upno him ; or twice that Valqe if he 
married another Woman. Add to this, the untimely and expenfive 
Honour of Knighthood, to make his Poverty more compleatly 
fplendid. And when, by thefe Dedudions, his Fortune was fo 
ftiattercd and ruined, that perhaps he was obliged to fell his Pa- 
trimuny , he had not even that poor Priviledge allowed him, with- 
out paying as above an exorbitant Fine for a l^icence of Alienation. 



H ftituimiis 



S8 LAWS OF WILLIAM THE CONQUERO|l. 

fticuimus ad utilitatem on of tbofe which we have 
Angiorum. appointed for the Benefit 

of the Englijh, 



NOTES. 

But at length, as Bladjtone obferves, we were happily freed from 
this complicated Slavery ; and Military Tenures with all their heavy 
Appendages, were deftroyed at one Blow by the Statute of 12 C. IF. 
c. 24. and all Sorts of Tenures held of the King, or others, arc 
turned into Free and Common Socage ; fave only Tenures in 
Frankalmoign, Copyholds, and the honorary Services of Grand 
Serjeanty. 

' A Statute, which, was a greater Acquilition to the Civil Property 
of this Kingdom than even Ma-^na Charta itfelf. Sull. 291. zd. 
Black, p. 76, 77. 



THE END. 



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