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^ ^ 







J Lamed, the twelfth letter of the Alphabet. It inter- 
changes with the liquids, e. g. Jibisbttj a. rnia"lttj; n313 a. 
npb &c. — b as first radical letter often rejected in in- 
flection, e. g. npb, rig, nnip &c. 

>> as a numeral letter, thirty, v. 'X. 

? V i> ti ?> ^*J prefix (b. h.) unto, to, toward, for; 
(before infinitive of verbs) to. Pes. I, 1 '31 riSQIKb 11K, 
v. "11X11.— sort, xab, v. xa III. Ber. I, 1 bisxb to eat; 
ninpb to read; a. v. fr. — lb. 1HX HW> to one day, i. e. 
within one day (until morning). Zeb. 5, 3 '31 flbibl Dlib 
within a day and a night until midnight (v. comment.), 
lb. '31 "jO DiJSb inside of the curtains. Ber. 2 a msb be- 
fore it, rTnn&6 after it. lb. 14 a naxb D3inbx fQ between 
Elohekhem a. Etneth. lb. 13 a '21 155 ia*ibl but as to Babbi's 
opinion, might not also argument be raised &c. ? ; a. v. fr. 
—With personal pronouns: *b to me, 5|b, rcb, T ( b; Ch. ?pb 
&c— Ex. B. s. 3, v. -SCn. Ber. 2 b *I^V»OB x£ was un- 
known to them.— Chald. : *itfb (v. i3Pl) let the text read; 
X£ib (v. X72X) let him say. lb. 2 a sq. ; a. v. fr. 

fcO (b. h.; v. 1Kb) not, no. Ber. 1, 1 '31 Hffp xb we 
have omitted to recite &c. lb. Ill, 4 '31 xbl . . . xb neither 
before nor after. Nidd.5 a '21 pb "pX Kb, no; it means &c, 
v. 1Kb; a. v. fr. — xbl indeed not? Hull. 4 b '21 airom xbl 
indeed not (is it so that the verb TFpti never refers to 
pei-suasion by speech)? Do we not read &c.?; a. v. fr. — 
rt'UWJ Kb (rils^) a prohibitory law, opp. fittSJ, a positive 
command; v. 1Kb. Kidd. I, 7. Mace. 14 b bot.; a. v. fr.— xba 
ivithout. Ber. 35 a bot. rT3*13 'S without pronouncing a 
benediction; a. v. fr.— xbffl Klril, v. KIM. 

CS>I ch. same. Targ. Gen. II, 5; a. v. fr. — Pes. 10 b 
Kb . . "ina "pX . . . maps before the time when it is for- 
bidden, yes (he must search after leavened bread); after 
the time, no (he must not search). lb. XJU5 Kb there is 
no difference ; a. v. fr. 

2>^ II m. (preced. wds.) particle, mote. Yoma 20 b , 
v. Ka-iH. Midr. Till, to Ps. LXVHI, 3 laittJH xb3 they are 
like a mote. 

N3 III pr. n. m. La, abbrev. of xbiX, xbifi; v. Fr. 
M'bo, p. 75 b . 

bCtf &0, mj&O, Koh. B .to VII, 1 1 end-misplaced ; 
read : '31 xnxp E)K msxi . . . pb'Jl X'iSxb pbo ; v. ib. to 
IX, 10, end. 

ns5, v . 1Kb. 

T T 

"IfcO h. a. ch. (v. 1Kb) wo, not. Targ. Y.HDeut.XXXIlI, 
3. — B. Kam. 60 a 'b OKI but if not, opp. UP DK. — Hull. 24 a 
"Oh 'b KM but without it (if the text did not say so), — 
B. Kam. 10 a If-PX 'ba without him. lb. b nK 'b iKbut for thee 
(sitting on it) ; iTnayinx'b iK had you not been (sitting on 
it) with me. Ib. itfi 1S153 'b 1H3 his force (pressure by 
leaning) is not to be considered as an action equal to 
(sitting on it with) his body; a. v. fr. — 'b KbK but, must 
you not admit?, i. e. but to be sure, v. xbx. Ber. 2 b ; a. 
v. fr. — 'b ix» what (does this mean)? Does it not (mean) 
that &c. Nidd. 5 :i ; a. fr.— Esp. ixb (lib) m. (= Hbsn Kb) 
a plain prohibitory law, the violation of which, in the 
absence of any severer punishment indicated in the Script- 
ure, is punished with thirty-nine lashes (v. D^aiX, s. v. 
nsa-iK). Men. 58>>, a. e. nibbsaUJ 'b an implied prohibition, 
e.g. Lev. II, 11 (where ba implies any mixture of leaven 
or honey); Ex. XII, 9 (where lbDXn bx refers to K3, to 
bisar, and implicitly to any preparation not through the 
action of fire). Ib. '31 'bs mixb Kb the prohibition in 
this case is not a special one for itself as is the prohib- 
ition, 'Thou shalt not muzzle' (Deut. XXV, 4, which is 
preceded by the law regulating corporal punishment); 
Pes. 41 b .— filUS bb2a xan 'b (v. bba) a prohibition deriv- 
ed by implication from a positive command, e. g. the 
law (Lev. I, 2) defining what animals are fit for the altar 
and indirectly excluding unclean animals. Zeb. 34 a . . . 'b 
libs "pplb . . the transgression of an implicit prohibition 
is punishable with lashes ; ib. libs "pplb "pX ... 'b is not 
punishable. Pes. 1. c. tWS nffir bbsa xan 'b a prohibi- 
tion derived from a positive command is treated like a 
positive command (the neglect of which is not indict- 
able); Hull. 81 a ; a. fr.— Jlttwb pniDH 'b, v. pro.— PI. -pixb 
Opllb). B.Mets. lll a 'b i3^a libs liasb to make the trans- 
gressor answerable for two acts. — 'b iann those guilty 
of transgressing a plain prohibitory law, punishable with 

lashes, contrad. to nirvna iann, mma 'n (v. ain h.). — 

Yeb. 10 b ; a. fr.— Ch. pi. iixb. Hull. 80 1 '. Tem. 4 b .— [Tosef. 
Erub. XI (VIII), 23, v. \\b.] 





wb, v. w*. 

KTOHfl»b, v. aoai-jb. 

SP.^b, v. wwrk 

T «' T 

"W, v. •<«. m. 

"^fcO, JlfcO (b. h.) fo Jafcor (in rain); fo 6e <irea\ Gen. 
B. s. 50 (expl/lxb-'i, Gen. XIX, 11), v. next w. 
Nif. nxb.3 to be exhausted. B. Kam. 82 a ; a. e. 

n fcOch. same, 1) to labor. Targ. Josh. XXIV, 13; a. 
fr.— *2) to be tired. Targ. O. Gen. XIX, 11 W$> ed. Berl. 
(oth. ed. ISOXb; Y. T* » fr nB K ); a. fr. 

Ithpe. ifctbx to be worn out, to make a vain effort. Gen. 
B. s. 50 (ref. to ixbil. Gen. 1. c.) "p^bs they labored in 
vain (with ref. to Is. XVI, 12) ; ",103iK they grew sick (with 
ref. to Is. I, 14); [Yalk. ib. 84 1S03>bl (with ref. to Ex. VII, 
18).— V. ^nb, ^b. 

n S5, r Vbf "^S (- V V&l = l^b. Tosef. Erub. XI 
(VIII), 23 mm &OT3 *ub xn (ed. Zuck. Tib, read lib) was 
this (the first tongs) not a divine creation?, i. e. it was 
nothing else than &c; Pes. 54 a bWl t)iatt} *P 3 n*n3'b an 
(v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. notes 9 a. 10) ; Tosef. Hag. I, 9 'b an 
(ed. Zuck. Obit, Var. "nb an read: lib).— Ker. 12 a 3"n ""Kb 
"<n&<alM3 Tft^S xb Ar. (ed. only "Was l*b 3"n) no; in this 
case, too, he may correct himself (saying), I did not remain 
&c. Ib. 6 b iai"ix -p2"<a "^sb it is not so ; they are neces- 
sary. Ib. '31 3TDT 'b it is not; for it is written &c. — Snh. 
40 b nSBia "W13BX ""Kb it is not so ; there is indeed an ex- 
pression in the text open for interpretation; Sabb. 64 a 
'31 i«b is it not? it is indeed &c. Yoma 22 b mSiaa TjnBK 'b 
no? Indeed, he was punished on his body. 

T^&O, part, of D*. 

"'TtEPJS!* m - (p*F<°p) rhetor, advocate. SifreDeut. 343 
'31 inxb lb "ibujai imtfttl . . . 'bb like to an advocate who 
stands on the platform (in court) and has been hired by 
a man to speak in his behalf; Yalk. ib. 951 . . . lU^bb 
'31 "13131 (corr. ace). 

^<b,v. 1Kb. 

mjb, v. rt*. 

l" l O"OfcO (accus. of Aa^eat;) by Lachesis! (the 
goddess of fate). Lev. B. s. 30 (in a speech of a gentile 
robber) '31 "T«n2JK Stb 'b b"K Ar. (Var. *,OT3Xb, T03Xb; in 
ed. differ, phraseology, a. our w. omitted) by L. ! Noth- 
ing has been left to me of all &c. [Ar. explains Itlbxb (?).] 

SOD&C, Targ. Lam. Ill, 34 *&&* 'b mnn some ed. 
(oth. "»lb:P"l nmr), — a misplaced and corrupt Var. for 
S03ab in the beginning of the verse. 

■JDD&O, v. TtpDKb. 

"&&&* v. -inbx. 


?fi v. * 

n 3?Sb, part, of i?b. 

fcTOIDfctb, UTD n DS5, Targ. Y. I Num. XI, 8, a cor- 
rupt, for ^D">EbN, v. OBbx; v., however, VUfftya.— V. K-HSb. 

n SpSb, v. IKRYJV 

Zl5m.(b. h.; 33b; cmp.3"ip a. 3^3) [innermost,] heart, 
bosom; thought, inclination, mind &c. Sot. I, 5 nab n^n 
nS3 if her bosom was handsome (inciting the senses). 
Shebu. 26 a "jD3K tjab thy heart has carried thee away 
against thy will, i. e. you were under the impression that 
you told the truth. Nidd. 3 b , 1Bp13 Tab, v. C)p3l. Men. 
79 b , a. e. in">bs nsra T'a ab the authorities (in receiving 
materials for offerings) accept them with a condition 
at heart (that they may dispose at their discretion of 
what has not been used for sacrifices). — CA 13b, v. W» I. — 
Midr. Till, to Ps. IX, 1 T»i»S lab his heart is against him, 
he bears him a grudge.— Zeb. 21 a D^pTiS blU Tab? fcOXinb 
to remove (the false opinion) out of the heart of the 
Sadducees, i. e. to demonstrate, by practice, the rejection 
of their opinion; Hag. 23 a (Ms. M. QipTtxn "MO); Yoma 
2 a (Ms. M. 'xn iJBa, v. Par. Ill, 7). Gen. B. s. 87, end (in 
a gloss) r.l^an blT *,3ba n&OXinb in order to remove (the 
bad opinion about) her out of the hearts of men, i. e. to 
save her reputation.— Ned. 20 b , v. ttk-lft; a. v. fr.— Trnsf. 
a) the marrow of trees, the sap-ioood. Meg. I4 a ; Succ. 45 b 
as the palm-tree '31 inx ab xbN lb "pat has only one 'heart' 
(sap-cells only in the stem but none in the branches), so 
has Israel one heart directed to his Father &c— b) centre, 
central portion. Lev. B. s. 30, end '31 bia nab ablb a Lulab 
which is the central stalk of the palm tree, v. 3blb. — 

PI. f. niab. Midr. Till, to Ps. VII '3i 'b -,ma nnxir nan 
from the fact that thou examinest hearts and reins &c. 
—V. 33b. 

nb, sab, i&pb, *qnb, *qnb, '^bch.same. T arg . 

Gen. VI, 5^ TargJl Chr. XII, 38; a.'fr. — Ab. Zar. 55 a 13b 
3>"ii Tiabl myself and thyself are convinced &c. Midr. Till. 

to (ref. to a-iairn, ib. xii, 8) -jinaba Rrpi-nK "wa 

'31 guard the Law in their hearts. Ib. to Ps. XXVIII, end 
(ref. to Gen. XXXVII, 4) XaiS3 "W 'bai na as they thought 
so did they speak, but there (II Sam. XIII, 22) 'bai na 
StalSa Kb he did not speak out what was in his heart; 

Gen. B. s. 84 -,inaisa Tin-pba n; rrwta mspba *i what 
was in his heart remained there. Snh. 35 a [read:] Vto 
"i^jjiSt iT233ii<"T 'b paro KalSI although they (the secre- 
taries) record the word of mouth (the vote of each judge), 
the heart (the impressiveness of the argument), once for- 
gotten, remains forgotten (cannot be recalled several days 
after; v. Bashi in Babb. D. S. a. 1. note). Hull. 59 a , a. fr. 
— SOp"n '3X on an empty stomach; a. v. fr. — "i xa'bx 
(rr^bx), V. aaiba.— PI. £ab, 'apb, s^aab, s^aab, paab, 
■nab, '^b. Targ. Prov. XXVII, 19 fc^ab (ed. Lag. pniab). 
Targ. Jer. XII, 3. Targ. H Esth. V, 1 ; a. fr. 

&05 f. (b. h. nab)/fa»we. Erub. 53 b a Galilean woman 




(v. T^"S) says instead of X3bn "fiO'lK'l "SP (come, 1 will 
give thee cream to eat) : X2b -pbsin Ms. M. a flame con- 
sume thee (ed. Ki2b a lion &c), v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.— [Pes. 

4-j 1 ' X2b ma traac, v. xsb.] 
SZ2 = xanb. v. as. 

r - t - :' t 

SD5, Targ. Y. Gen. XVIII, 8, v. •*-$. 

*SDv or "Q-? ( v - n -V?) [togroio white; cmp. Joel 1,7,] 
to 6e dried up, v. infra. 

Pa. K2b or tab to % dry. M. Kat. 1 l a iN2b it*mi2 raiB 

x Ar. ed. Koh. the Pumbeditheans laid the fish dry 

(by changing the course of the water) ; [ed. as corrected 
in marginal note (v. also Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 300): D122 
11113 ijab xrnia at P. the fish were laid dry (the water 
failing through some obstruction in the channel); Var. 
in Ar. "<K2b xmi2 (read 12) the B'ditha dried up]. 

^sO v m. pi. (preced.) dried up, laid dry. Kidd. 72 a 
Stnaan 'V 1*1113*7 &n-S IBpX Ar. they surrounded (with nets, 
mats &c.) a pond of fish that were laid dry on the Sab- 
bath (to prevent the fish from being swept along with the 
comirig flood); [for differ, version and interpret., v. t*5p]. 

D^fcCb, v. r*-cA. 

• t : r » 

J-> m. (b. h.) = 2b, heart; (in rabbinical homiletics) 
double heart, seat of two opposite inclinations (v. is";). 
Ber. IX, 5 (ref. to Deut. VI, 5) '=1 -p-*i i2UJ2 *j22b b32 
'with all thy heart' means with both thy inclinations 
Ire. (i. e. break thy evil inclination for the love of God). 
Gen. R. s. 48 (ref. to Gen. XVIII, 5) '=1 'pN d322b 112"D1 
it does not say here, 'comfort ye your Vbab, but your leb\ 
which intimates that the evil inclination has no power 
over angels; a. e. — [Pesik. S'lih., p. 166 a , v. next w.] — 
PI. f. trhnK Tanh. Ki Thabo 1 (ref. to Deut. XXVI, 16) 
21 'b ir-rtU . . . taibbBns DnxiD TOim when you pray before 
the Lord, you shall not have two hearts, one for the 
Lord, and one for another thing (idol); ib. 2. Sot. I, 8 
'b 'a 235 (Bab. ed. p. 9 1 ' H1235) he deceived three hearts 
(v. 335). B. Bath. 12 b before eating and drinking man has 
'31 'b T'i" two hearts (his thoughts are not clearly de- 
fined) &c. (ref. to Job XI, 12 'a hollow man is divided at 

— — - (b. h.) 1) to join closely; to tie. — Part. pass. 212b, 
pi. yu!Q?. Sabb. V, 2 (52 b ) 'b -i«S1i tai13t wethers may 
be taken out (on the Sabbath) coupled ; expl. ib. 53 b ilnin. 
Ib. Kin i211p1 JOUPb 'b ■WPl SSlUa "WO where is the proof 
that this root 22b has the meaning of bringing close 
together ? Answ. ref. to WQafc (Cant. IV, 9) 'thou hast 
chained me'; '21 02b 1533 crib ",i1ti'1p , ,a IIS "YD!* S<bl2* Ulla 
says (I'bubin refers to) the skin which is tied against 
their chests to protect them from the attacks of wolves ; 
Y. ib. V, 7 b bot. '31 1125 ',ni3 XiniH (v. ",1iD112).— 2) (denom. 
of 2b) part. pass. 212b (112?) a hide shotting a hole in the 
place corresponding to the heart. — PI. 2"<212b, 11212b. Ab. 
Zar. II, 3 (29 b ) 'b M112* hides with holes &c. (are for- 
bidden, because the heart has been cut out for idolatrous 

purposes); expl. Tosef. ib. IV (V), 7; Y. ib. II, 41 b ; Bab. 
ib. 32 a . 

Nif. 22b? to be tied around. Y. Sabb.X, end, 12 d rniawn 
222?ib .... he who makes a strap to be tied around (an 
animal's chest &c, v. supra); Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. IV, 13 
22bb Pi. 

Pi. 22"ib 1) to join, tie, v. supra. — 2) (denom. of 2b) 
to encourage; to strengthen. Tanh. Sh'moth 14; Ex. R. s. 
2 (play on rob, Ex. Ill, 2) '31 122bb (113) in order to 
make him courageous when he comes to Mount Sinai &c. 
Gen. R. s. 77 11X2 132^1 .... TTTi the king took his son 
and made him courageous by making him attack the 
(tamed) lion; Cant. R. to III, 6 122bs mm "nail nx am; 
132 1533 he attacked the lion and incited him against his 
son. Pesik. S'lih., p. 166 a [read:] 1135 ~\T\Z 22b "jn3 JlSi 
improve thy strength, strengthen thy powers, valiant man! 
(Ar. ed. Koh. r"11352 H3 22»b, oth. ed. fi11252 H3 22b join 
physical strength to valor). 

amb, aesb, v. *2b. 

"Q>, v. 12 III. 
35 [to join,] to full, stamp. — Part. pass. 112b q. v. 


"Qv m. (preced., Arab, libd, v. Fl. to Levy Targ. Diet. 
I, p. 429 ') felt; thick, fulled or felted stuff made of wool, 
hair &c. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. V, 3 sq. (interch. with 112b). 
— PI. ra*H2b, T"i2b. Ib. 3.— Esp. felt-cloaks. Ib. 1 1 . Tos. Neg. 
V, 1; 14. Kil. IX, 9 rallies', 'b felt-clothes (of mixed ma- 
terial) are forbidden. 

K^b, '"0 ch. same.-P^T12b, ***$>, "*. Y. Ber. II, 
5 a top '31 'b fOR 122?nx he took to selling felt-clothes for 
children; Lam. R. to I, 16 ^T^b. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 c bot. 
'b "pbiXS like those felt-garments (which cannot be torn 
apart, but must be cut). 

5^25 m. (preced.) the hairy side of cloth. Targ. Y. 
Lev. XIII, 55. 

&TGb, v. ^312b. 

^p'lDb m. pi. (v. Dip-Gib) Libyan asses. Targ. Y. 
Gen. XXXII, 16 Ar. (ed. -plpilb, ppl ymft, 1 ^ibll, read: 

Op"D>, v. Gipi2ib. 

rQv, v. 12b. 

T T 

TQ^ m. (12b) 1)= 12b.— 2) compact, solid. Sabb. 97 a ; 
Succ. 16 b i*al 'b3 i"iirbtt)o Dins b3 wherever there is a gap 
of less than three handbreadths, the parts so separated 
are considered as a solid (partition), e. g. a mat suspend- 
ed vertically so as to leave a gap of less than three hand- 
breadths from the ceiling and one of the same size from 
the floor is to be considered 'a solid wall completing the 
requirements of the Succah (v. "1212). — Hence labud, the 
legal fiction of considering separated parts as united, if 
the gap is less than three handbreadths. Ib. M*m tVO 
'31 'b iin "fl^VM 'b in you might have thought we adopt 
one labud but not two labud (a fictitious connection with 




the ceiling and with the floor) ; Erub. 9 ' "piiax nnx mia 
'al mira 'b. lb. 4 1 ' the traditional rule aplies '31 'bbl 1Mb 
to the fiction of stretching (v. 133), of labud &c; Succ. 
6 b 'bbl Ms. M. (ed. 'bl, corr. ace). Erub. 9 :l , v. BOr). 

"HSj, ▼.'Wife. 

D'tanb, v. B ?b. 

: - t 

lp2b 9 v. tw^. 

fcO^* m. Cj3b) foundation. Sabb. 104", v. ',3b. 

nj IJ> f. (b. h.; -,3b) [toAite] frankincense. Ker. 6 a . 
Snh. 43 :l they gave the culprit '31 'b bll3 Blip a grain of 
frankincense in a cup of wine to benumb his senses (v. 
CRDj; Treat. S'mah. ch. II, 9; a. fr. 

SrG*Q>, ^?12Z1!P ch. same. Targ. Is. LX, 6 (some 
ed. nj-feb). Targ. T 6.''Ex. XXX, 34; a. fr. 

jmb, v. tt*. 

KVJ> J y\ J J m. pi. (Liburnicus. cmp. Liburnici cu- 
culli, 8m. Ant. s. v. Cucullus) Liburnian mantles. Targ. 
Is. Ill, 22 (h. text mriBBB) ; ed. Wil. a. Bxt. 'b SOB'VU'mj, 
taking 'b as an adjective : Liburnian clothes; (ed.Lag. 'bl; 
Var. B«;UJ*ytaX KJByvh^j Ar. reads Xip313 to which 

cmp. *vya i). 

ILrG™ m. (b. h. ; ©3b) garment, covering. Ex. R. s. l 
iisa 11313b his dress was Egyptian. Ukts. I, 2 nb© 'bn 
the husk of the wheat grain ; a. fr. — PI. B^ttwab, fn^dV. 
Snh. 90 b *,m©>ab3 phap»e O^pIS the righteous who are 
buried in their garments, v.BilS; (Keth. Ill 1 ' "jnittJIsbaB). 
Meg. 16 b niaba iiawb n©an five official garments; Yalk. 
Esth. 1059 main b©Bi©13b; a. fr.— V. tt$ttJ>0. 

JE^Qv, SI2J^D5, "tt ch. 1) same. Targ. Esth.IV,2. 
Targ. II Kings T IV, 42 irnj?Ol« (ed. Lag. rTOSVa); h. text 
13bpiJ3); a. fr.— Keth. 63 a '=1 ©13b ^3&ta ^XtiJ borrow 
dressy garments and cover thyself (to meet thy husband). 
Gen. R. s. 21 ITCH rWa m©13bl whose covering is a part 
of (inseparable from) its body. Taan.21 l, ,v.NnV 1 pi3.Sabb. 
77 h (playful etymology) n©13 Nb X©13b no shame. Nidd. 
20 a ; a. fr.— P/."piri3b : , SMtiCb. Targ. Gen. Ill, 21. Targ. 
Esth. IV, 1 ;— Tarn. 32 a TaiS*i ywai purple garments; 
a. e. — 2) circumvallation. Targ. Zech. XII, 6 1131 'b (h. 

text irst fro). 

13b) [that which is joined to an object,] vertical rim, edge 
(by which a flat utensil is made into a vessel-like recept- 
acle, v. BSfiBB a. 7}in). Pes. 48 b 13t3b nb -px© nb3"J Ms. 
M. (ed. "pTSnb pi.) a board which has no edges; Kel. 11,3 
TQtb (R. some ed. ta'pab). Tosef. Ukts. II, 18 ©i© nbaa 
rw4 nb ed. Zuck. (oth. eth. pOJab). Tosef. Oh. XII, 5 
an inverted vessel (v. n©iB3) tUBQ T^b nb ©1 which has 
a rim of one handbreadth projecting from the bottom 
(so that it can be used as a receptacle in its inverted 
state). Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. VI, 17 nrbn nb ©i (read HP 

'b nb); Kel. Vill, B, v. ni^bx. Mikr. IV, 2 tsrab Hltfa. 
ed.; a. fr. — H fty?^ "pTatb, 'nb. Pes. 1. c, v. supra. 
Krl. XVIII, 1 (ed. Dehr. 'ppapb); Tosef. ib. B.Mets.VIlI, 1 
ffttrt ed. Zuck. (Var. r^W* ; oth. ed. Tt a rfr ) . 

"J-r? P r - n - m ' Libzah. Y. Shebi. IV, 35 a bot. W*tea 

'b ma, v. mm. 


1Q23 (b. h.j cmp. Sam. 33b = n33>, Ex. XXII, 21, sq.) 
to knock about, to send from place to place. Mekh.B'shall., 
Amal., s. 2 iniasb xb 0ni3!*© when Abraham was to 
be shown the holy land (Gen. XI II, 14) they did not 
trouble him to leave his place, ITOlBSb n©31 but Moses 
they did put to the trouble &c. (Deut. Ill, 27). — Part, 
pass, :313b, pi. Di!3l3b : outcasts. Gen. R. s. 52, beg., v. 
next w. 

Nithpa. aabm to be troubled; to go from place to place. 
Sifre Num. 84 they began to murmur against the king 
IT "pi b» *l33bm© that they were troubled to make that 
journey (to meet him); ib. '31 'bns dbi3©3© . . ."[ban the 
king had a right to complain, for he had taken all that 
trouble for their sake; Yalk. Num. 729 (v. Targ. Hos. IV, 
14 s. v. ©21). 

DIP m. (preced.) trouble, misery. — PI. B'roab, constr. 
i-J3b. ' Gen. R. s. 52, beg. (ref. to Prov. X, 8 [fl>, with 
play on -Jib) tttpsfy ">33b 1^2) K"3n Lot brought upon 
himself the miseries of the outcasts (ref. to Deut. XXIII, 
4 sq.); Yalk. Prov. 946 O-^nb ^J3b troubles after troubles. 



n D3, 5*05 (contr. of 3nb, to be bright; cmp. 3b3b, 
■,ab II) ; Pi. na^b, nab to blow ablaze, enkindle. B. Kam. 
VI, 4 (59 b ) 5PTJ naban ^bl ma K3 if a third person came 
(after one brought the wood and another the light), 
and blew the wood ablaze, he who fanned the flame is 
responsible; 'al mm nna^b (Y. ed. ina^b, Misb. Nap., 
Ms. H. a. R. inab, '3pb, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 30) if the 
wind enkindled it, all are free. Ib. 60 a mm nra">bl '"b 
if he blew and the wind set the fire ablaze, i"«iaba U)" 1 QX 
a^n nniabb ^ID if there was in his blow enough force 
to set it ablaze, he is guilty; Tosef. ib. VI, 22 ina^l na^, 
nia_Db "no. . . ed. Zuck. (Var. b for 3).— B. Kam. 1. c. "Oni js«) 
'al '3 "Wl "|X73l... 'b he who teaches libbah is not at fault, 
nor is he who teaches nibbah (ref. for libbah to labbath, 
Ex. Ill, 2, for nibbah to 3^3, Is. LVII, 19); Y. ib. II, 5 L 
top (ref. for nibbah to Jer. XX, 9 'it (the word of proph- 
ecy, v. X33) was in my heart like a burning fire'). Bab. 
ib. 1. c. '31 inabl misa mi3 ^blU "pas it means, if he blew 
while there was ordinary air stirring, and then an un- 
usual wind set in, and blew it ablaze, lb. 59 '' lb 10a 
'bl nbm he placed in his charge glowing coals, and he 
(the irresponsible person) did the blowing, opp. to 10a 
rsnbtn lb. Y. Sabb. Ill, beg. 5 C 'ai M11M mbs naba he lets 
hatchelled flax blaze over the hot ashes (so as to form 
a cover on which to place dishes for the Sabbath ; Tosef. 
ib. Ill, 2 ip^bin). 

Nithpa. nabr-3 to flame up. Sabb. 37 ' nnafewi nadp 





if after having covered the embers with ashes, the flames 
blazed up again; Y. ib. 1. c. nabrui. 

S'D^ m. (b.h.; preced.) [the flame-colored, cmp.rvnx,] 
lion. Snh. 95 a the lion has six names '21 'b "PE3 *W. Ib. 
106 a fisoabb 'b "pa . ... tB who will dare to throw his 
garment between the lion and the lioness? — PL d n !!<ab. 
Y. Peah I, 16 a (ref. to Ps. LVII, 5) U TT O *b "Pntt3 . . . ill this 
refers to Abner and Amasah who were lions in the Law 
(v. t1+»); Pesik. Par., p. 31 b ; a. e. 

&T2 1 ? pr. n. pi. (?) Labia. Y. Shek. VII, 2 Bab. ed. 
'Vi Xp-i:i2D Ms.M. (v. Rabb. D. S.a.l., p. 63, note, ed.^b"!; 
Y. ed. 50 c bot. "iVi 'EX) in the inn of L. 

n&TZ5, ^"'l^ f. (v. SOab) lioness. Snh. I06 a , v. 
JOab.— Midr. Till. toPs. XXXIX; Yalk. ib. 721, v. Spate. 

■ t ' t • : • 

"Trf' v. x*ab. 

mrnb, v . ^ 

"33, Tosef. Shebi. V, 7, v. rriB. 

nyD5, v. nsab. 

SST'3" l Zlb f. ch.=h. rtjab, ferfet. Targ. Y. Ex. XXIV, 
10, v. Kgtjrol. Targ. Gen. XI, 3 ed. Berl. xr^ab (oth.ed. 
xn^ab).— B. kam. 96 b 'b ITmyi... , Wl if one stole earth 
. . . and made it into a brick; X1SS irp'OSI 'b if one stole 
a brick and crushed it to powder; a. e. — PI. ""'33?, X*?ab, 
*Tb. Targ. Gen. 1. c— Targ. Ex. V, 7 sq.; a. e. 

^P*2>m. pi. (v. Dab) caldrons. Targ. Y. Num. 
XXXI, 23.' ' 

D"p n nb, pp-ob, v. onb. 

■p2TQ>> \^l)t '2n = "r^" l ??nn, v. "fs-ebr;. 
tZftb, v. ©a>. 

K T ij n nb, v. ^nb ch. 

J lIZj^Zl^ f. (ijab) putting on, dressing, opp. rWBJI) un- 
dressing. Yoma 32 a '31 "JT2?I3 'b iia as well as dressing 
(the priest's putting on his priestly garments) requires 
sanctification (washing), so does &c. ; Y. ib. Ill, 40 c tTQ 
31 85"lpU 'b as well as he must sanctify himself for dress- 
ing &c. Lev. R. s. 22 '=1 Tnnn EPXbs rrjpab (I forbade 
thee) to wear clothes of mixed material, as an offset I 
permitted thee &c. 

~\2* to hold f(tst(v.V.SmA882). Targ. Prov. XXXI, 19. 

bnb, v. abab ii. 

3*53" (v. nab) to bloom, sprout. Yoma 39 1 ' (ref. to 
-"" r,"Q,I Kings X, 21 as designating the Temple) "Wl na 
'31 ababa as the forest produces sprouts, so does the 

Temple. Ib. 81 b (expl. D^ca nblb) '31 tY*Va 'Obabtt) b3 
such as sprouted forth between New Year and the Day 
of Atonement; a. e. 

3^25 I ch. same. Targ. Ps. I, 3. Targ. Job. VIII, 19 ; 
a. e— Ab. Zar. 38 b "ababa lpBSIX by the time they leave 
(the bathroom), the seeds blossom. 

Ithpalp. ababnx same. Targ. Ps. XCII, 8. 

3>J>II, l"""^ (v. preced.; cmp. meanings of bfis) 
to shout Targ. Y. IEx. xiv, 13 xababa; Illlbllba OVtbiiba); 
(corresp. to nix, Mekh. B'shall. s. 2). — Pesik. Dibre, p. 
no b (expl. -pp, ^bnx, Is. X, 30) -jbip -pbab (Ms. 0. ynbab 
-jbpa, read "plbab; oth. Var., v. Buber a. 1. note); Yalk. 
Is. 284 p^bab (,corr. ace). 

&GtQ3, fcO^nt), *yO m. (abab I) bloom, blossom. 
Targ. Job XV, 33 'b^b (ed. Lag. 'lba"b; h. text naj.— PI. 
pabab, ^bab, 'a^b. Targ. O. Gen. XL, 10 (Y. ed". Amst. 
xnaibab). Targ. Num. XVII, 23 (Y. II pms). Targ. Ps. 
I, V^iabab (ed. Lag. 'baib, Ms. iiabib). 

1J>«J^ pr. n. pi. Lablabo, on the road from Acco 
to Ecdippa. Gitt. 7 b ; Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 14 -UXbsb; Y. 
Shebi. V, 36 b bot. abab.— Tosef. I.e. 2 aiaab ed. Zuck. (Var. 
; :ab; R. S. to Ohol. XVIII, 7 ',bab). 


Sn'01323 f. (= "iabab, preced. art.), pi. ni'sibab Lab- 
labo grapes. Y. Bice. I, 63 a bot. 

"| n 333, Pesik. Dibre, p. 110 b , v. abab. 

l^Jv, l>2 v m. (librarius) copyist, clerk, scribe. 
Sabb]"l,3 (ll a ) ; 3l*'abn xbl (Y. ed. Vbh) nor must the 
scribe go out (shortly before the beginning of the Sab- 
bath) with his pen (behind his ear); Y. ib. 3 b top. Gitt. 
Ill, 1 '=1 'bb lax if one says to the scribe &c, v. Itt^, 
Snh. 17 1 ' (among the requirements of a town in which 
a scholar should live) 'bl "jdlX XEl"i a physician, a surgeon 
and a clerk. — Peah II, 6 'bn dins (Ms. M. ^baan); Naz. 
56 b 'bil Dirti Nahum the scribe; a. fr. — PI. l^bab, *$. 
Sabb. ll a . [Ib. 92 b '21 nizbd "nbab pffl for the imperial 
scribes cany their bags that way ; prob. to be read "^ibaa, 

v. ^ba-j.] 

"ibQb, S")bnb, (^b), '2"b eh. same. Targ. II Chr. 
XX, 34. 'lb. XXIV.'ll ; a..~e.—Pl. p-lbab, X^bab, '^b. Ib. 
XXXIV, 13 ; 17 ; a. e.— Targ. Y. II Numixil,'" ftfc& WT»l, 
-p-ib^ab *i, read : p'lba'v? am chief clerk (a gloss to fXSTcmp 
q. v.). 

Q3 I (b. h. ; deuom. of nsab) to make or pile bricks. 
B. Mets. X, 5 (118 1 ') D^3ab IpHm "pHl but you are not per- 
mitted to pile up bricks (on the public road). Ib. "pbaiA 

■p:alb xb bax tf«a Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note; 

ed. D^ab; Y. ed. d^^abb) you may knead clay on the 
public road (for immediate use), but you are not permit- 
ted to form bricks; (Y. ed.: but not for making bricks). 
Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. Ill, 7 ; ib. Ohol. XVII, 7. 




"Q2 II (cmp. fiab) to glisten. 

Pi. "jab 1) to polish, brighten; to finish. Sabb. VII, 2 
isabafil . . . TTUfi he who clips wool and he who cleanses 
it (by washing, removing clods &c); Y. ib. 10 c top isabafi 
'31 1B5a*l "fifi under m'labben of the Mishnah is implied 
(any preparation for improving raw material, e. g.) he 
who pitches wood &c, v. ttgfy. Ib. DlUJa 3"^n pw^afi 
"jaba he who cleanses amiant (v. pa3"pax) comes under 
the law forbidding polishing (on the Sabbath). Tosef. 
Ber. VII (VI), 2; Ber. 58 a ; Y. ib. IX, 13 c top '31 'bl Ttt he 
(Adam) clipped (wool) and cleansed &c. Ab. Zar. V, 12 
'31 *,a^ IliO "jabb . . . 13TH2) fix such utensils as are or- 
dinarily cleansed by being put in the fire (metal spits 
&c.) he must cleanse by fire. — Gen. R. s. 70 (play on "jab, 
Gen. XXIX, 5) do you know Him '31 "jabb iv© NlfittJ who 
will cleanse your sins to make them appear like snow 
(Is. I, 18)?; a. fr.— Part. pass, "jaiba finished, polished, re- 
fined. Nidd. 31 a (of an embryo) niTal 'ba well-formed and 
of strong vitality; Snh. 70 b ; Num. R. s. 10.— Ib. S»lTia 'ba 
finished (refined) in wickedness, v. 01&31BX; Gen. R. s.60; 
Ruth R. to II, 1; Yalk. Gen. 109. — Esp. a) to glaze tiles; 
to heat tiles. Bets. IV, 7 (33 a ) '31 nx paaba pK you must 
not heat (new) tiles (on Holy Days) for roasting on them ; 
Y. ib. IV, end, 62 d Qipiiaa psaba 1aX1 "jKa he who says 
that you may heat tiles &c, refers to such as have been 
tested (to be sound under fire). — b) (of metal utensils, v. 
supra) to glow. Hull. 8 a '31 p3b 'b if one made a knife 
glowing hot and cut with it; a. fr. — Part. pass, ^aiba, f. 
nsaiba. Y. Yeb. XVI, 15 c bot. 

Hithpa. "iabnn, Nithpa. "jabro l) to grow white, gloss?/, 
be cleansed. Ex. R. s. 23 (play on fiabtfj a. fiabiy) fiabujfi fia 
nsabnal milfil robsbna nxTfi as the garment gets soiled 
and is cleansed again &c. ; (Yalk. Cant. 982 HOaana). Ib.; 
Cant. R. to 1, 6 1BU '3 his tanned skin became white again, v. 
oa-ia.— 2) to be glowed, heated. Sabb. 27 b ^Vw*tt0...p61WTI 
bundles of flax are considered finished after they are 
baked; Sifra Thazr., Neg., Par. 5, ch. XIII. 

Hif. pabfi l) to grow white. Neg. I, 6 HS^VrYi . . . Wi if 
the hair was black and turned white. Ib. IV, 4 . . . plp h 2> 
paba "jttJSfil if their roots are black and their tops white. 
Yoma VI, 8; a. fr. — 2) to whiten, cleanse. Cant. R. toV,ll 
'31 Cp3 pabfib to make white one wing of a raven. Yoma 
39 b the Temple is called Lebanon '31 pabattJ because it 
cleanses the sins &c — Keth. 59 b ma M* *p|^B fiSllfi 
he who desires to make his daughter white-complexioned 
(handsome); a. e. — Transf. (with d^DB) to put to shame, 
expose. Ab. Ill, 11 '31 iJB pabafi he who exposes his 
fellowmau to shame in public. B. Mets. 59 a Dltfb lb fi13 
'31 paV> b&tl . . . b^tti man should rather have himself 
thrown into a furnace than put his neighbor to shame. 
Yalk. Deut. 938 Di-PDB paba rx I should put them to 
shame; (Pirke d'R. El. ch. XLIV fibaa, v. fibs). B. Mets. 
58 b Enal -jBTO "fat/a . . pabafi b3 he who puts his neigh- 
bor to public shame is considered as if he shed blood ; 
a. fr.— Y. Succ. V, 55 c bot. (play on bai) V8 fia3 pab'auj 
lat it shames (excels) many a musical instrument. 

Q^ ch. (denom. of Xjab, cmp. fi" 1 ^) to liave a strong 

rest; to be well balanced, Babb. 104 ;| h'WTa sits ipuj a"a 

^sab *,aba nasi Ms. M. why has the word "ipia one single 
foot (in the letter p), while the letters of fiatf have a level 
foundation?; (ed. ffiwab ^aba nasi *np wna Kinx XTp^US 
falsehood (1pU3) stands on one leg, while the foundation 
of truth (naX) is level). 

Pa. "jab to found, rest. Erub. 14 a '31 Woa S-fib paba 
you may form a level rest for it by plastering, partly on 
this, partly on the other side, so that it will be firm. — 
Part. pass, "jaba, v. supra. 

"Ij" I (b. h.) pr. n. m. Laban, son of Bethuel, freq. 
^1l!<n T/ b L. the Aramaean. Snh. 105 a . Ab. Zar. 3 a 'b X13^ 
'31 let L. come and give testimony for Jacob &c. Gen. 
R. s. 60, v. Ot531BK. Koh. R. to II, 26; a. fr. 


jJ> II m. (b. h. ; v. "jab) ivhite; tohite color, white sub- 
stance. Gen. R. s. 73 'b "3 a white child, opp. ifflia. Men. 
IV, 1 'bfi fiS . . . fibafifi the absence of the blue fringe is 
no obstacle to using the white one &c. Bekh. 45 1 ', v.pfia. 
Lev. R. s. 31 '31 'bfi -|ina fixn a*W pK man does not see 
through the white (of the eye). Yoma 75 a rpbsias 'b, v. 
*» II. Ib. VII, 4, a. fr. 'b ^3 garments of white stuff. 
Ib. 1, v. rfkabX; a. v. fr.— 'b(fi) rTTto a bright, shadeless 
field, vegetable or grain field, opp.'jb^S filttJ orchard. Shebi. 
II, 1. M. Kat. I, 4 C ; a. fr.— PL d^ab, piab. Mikv. VIII, 2 
d^aiUaS 'b (d^a) white and cohesive matter (urin). Tosef. 
Sabb. I, 22 'bfi white garments, opp. p"ias colored ; a. fr. 
—Fem. fisab. Y. Shek. VI, 49 d bot. ; Cant. R. to V, 11 ITS* 
'b white fire. Sifra Thazr., Neg., Par. 5, ch.XIII D^filUS fia 
'b las *]X 'b as 'linen' means 'of natural white color', so 
does 'wool' &c. Gen. R. s. 73 'b IX fillfil!) is it the portrait 
of a black or of a white person ? ; a. fr. — PL fiisab. Mace. 
20 b '31 'b dpbaa when he plucks the gray hair from 
among the black. B. Kam. 60 b ; a. fr. 

"D5 ch. 1) same. Targ. Y. Gen. XXX, 37, v. next w.— 
*2) = X23b, brick. Targ.Y. II Ex. XXIV, 10 (Y. I, a. O. 

px ; h.text roab). 

"D r , "Q5 n^<j m - ch.=h.fi33b, white poplar. Targ. 
O. Gen. XXX, 37 (Y. pb filBI, v. fi^B). Targ. Hos.IV, 13. 

"htp> v. *,aib. 

MDb, ,m O m. brick; pi. p?ab, 'a^b, v. Mnpab. 

nDD^j " l 5< > f - ( b - h-j P^ ^° stamp, tread, cmp. lab; 
v. Schr. KAT2,'p. 121 note) brick. Lev. R. s. 23 (ref. to 
Ex. XXIV, 10, cmp. Targ. Y. ib.) bax ibWD xbtt 19 fit 
'zi "ifiifib 'b buj fia*fi fin^fi pin ibxssttja this (brick of 
sapphire under his feet) was before they (the Israelites) 
were redeemed, but after their redemption the brick was 
placed where it belonged. Kel.lX,6 '31 fisbsitt 'b a brick 
in which a metal ring has entirely disappeared; Tosef. 
Mikv. VI (VII), 12 '31 'ba fiSWDU; nsaa a ring which 
was stuck into a brick of soft clay. Ab. Zar. 46 u 'b qptu;, 
v. 5]pt ; a. fr— PL D^ab, "*&. Ex. R. s. 5. Pirke d'R. El. 
ch. XL VI II 'bfi pilb pa between the layers of bricks. B. 




Bath. I, 1; a. fr.— Trnsf. Vbenah, the larger portion of a 
line filled out with writing ; [Rashi : the blank], v. IT^t*. 

rrab, b rpa v. nr». 

n3!2^ f- (b. h.) 1) fern, of ",2V q. v.— 2) moon. Ber. 59 b . 
Erub.Ve* '=1 'ba IX 'b n^TKI Kim provided the new 
moon sets in either at the moon-hour (the second hour 
of the night of the first day of the week and every eighth 
hour suceeding) or under the planet Tsedek (Jupiter). 
Fesik. R. s. 15, a. fr. 'ft tKXO, v. IT» II. lb. 'Vn TblO, v. 
SV». Gen. R. s. 33, end 'bil Wltf", v. DY»; a. fr. 

■tob, atob, v. iabab. 

113— * (b. h.) pr. n. Lebanon, the mountain range in 
the north of Palestine. Cant. E. to IV, 15 ... StnriUJ IS 
'b poa until the decision (Halachah) sprouts forth (bright) 
like a kind of Lebanon; ib. V, 12 (cmp. abab) ; a. fr.— 
Metaph. King; Temple. Sifre Deut. 6 ; Gitt. 56 b ; Yoma 
39 b , v. ",?b. — [Y. Kil. I, 27 a bot,, 'b ^"fTD, v. paVte^TS. 

n^'lDIlb f. Qab) whiteness. Neg. IV, 4 'ba WP rraa 
how much of the hair must be white (as a symptom of 
leprosy)?— Lev. R. s. 14 'b bl!5 rWB (not rP3lbab) a drop 
of white matter; Yalk. Lev. 547. Lev. R. 1. c. rfliab blU; 
Yalk. 1. c. Waiaab btt3; "Jin/ib bffl; (Ar. PWM fc», some ed. 
one w. rvynabia, corr. ace). 

* *i«— "_i v. preced. 

yoDb, i?nb, P i. f wvov. 

"|2Z~, '2"~ ch.=h. -p3D>. Targ. Is. XXIX, 17; a. e.— 
•Vl sp-iN, v. Kj3"lH II. 

*C2~ m. (Xe^t);; cmp., however, DSb) caldron. Kel. 
XIV, 1 '(Var. OEb); Tosef. ib. B. Mets. IV, 1 '31 "^B ^1 the 
caldron (if defective) must be capable of serving as a 
receptacle for cups (in order to be fit for uncleanness). 
— PI. Tp"nb. Sifre Num. 158 ■pO'ab (corr. ace; Pesik. 
Zutr. Matt., p. 279 ed. Bub. 'p&isb) ; v. K*0^>. 

li???i v. ijjib. 

. ninnip pr. n. Libruth, a river or canal. B. Mets. 

87 a 'Vi vernm is r^i ny ia (Ms. m. nnab, Ms. r. rrtafc, 

v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) it requires a Vav as large as a 
rudder on the L.; Meg. 16 b (v. Rabb. D. S. a.l. note 6, a. 
&*T?! II). 

*]i T J"p5, "jiiajlQ^ m. (Xapparov, Xaupeaxov, S.) 
the emperor's portrait wreathed with laurels. Yalk. Ez. 
356 '31 "jVa b® fWCb Clbaa (corr. ace.) she took the 
king's portrait and used it as fuel for making a hot drink, 
lb. ib» pyfla (corr. 'aba); Lam. R. to I, 9 iOC-ilb, read 
KO^yA (laureata, sc. imago). [Ar. s.v. WQ, quotes a Var. 
pmflD, for pmYO, a. expl. our w. = Dlpalp.] 

"j"l n n!2>, Yalk. Esth. 1056, v. 'p^a. 

&OT"Q>, J ~Q3 m. pi. (v. "^TD I) Liburnian ships. 
Targ! Y.' li Num. XXIV, 24 '31 ',» 'ba (ed. Amst. K^aba, 

corr. ace) on Liburnian ships from Rome; (Y.I &0313ab "p 
fiObliiK Sl&rai from Liburnia and the land of Italy). Targ. 
Y. H Deut. XXVIII, 68 (Y. I K"«sV^); v. TT&k 

Hi7Z2^ (b. h.) [to join closely; denom. icob garment, 
whence] oab, UJab to be dressed; to put on (an under- 
garment), contrad. to q»S, !"J03. Y. R. Hash. I, 57 b top 
'31 qasrrai Di-ilTOJ ttJaib .... D1X a defendant before a 
human court puts on dark clothes and wraps himself in 
dark clothes,...; '31 OitfJaib xbx ",3 l^X bvrvsn ba&t but not 
so the Israelites (on the New Year), but they put on white 
(festive) clothes &e M. Kat. 17 a '31 qosm fi-nirraj toa^ 
let him put on dark clothes &e; Kidd. 40 a ; Hag. 16 a . — 
Gen. R. s. 75 bits ''ttbft; Yalk. ib. 130 ^TUiab, v. bna. Ex. 
R. s. 15 '31 tIJiabb *H3 D'WQ strong enough to wear helmets 
&e ; a. fr.— Part. pass. BSbb, pi. tWtab. Ib. inxi D115 *ipx 
'b one (the depth) was naked, the other (the earth) was 
covered (with water). Pesik. Ahare, p. 177 b '31 D"0ab 'b 
clad in white and wrapped in white. Yalk. Gen. 130, v. 
supra; a. fr. 

Pi. "flab to invest; part. pass, aaiba. B. Bath. 122 a 'ba 
'31 D"Hli< invested with the Urim and Tummim. Tosef. 
Ohol. XIII, 5 [read with R. S. to Ohol. XII, 4) ttttti fOba 
nip^Sa ©alba a bed frame upholstered with tufts. 

Hif. aStairi to clothe, invest. Ex. R. 1. c B**8»n 

l"P3nb Werabrilhe caused one slave to take off his garment 
and the other to put it on. Sot. 14 a qx . . . UPaba KV\ ITB 
'31 TZJabfi nnx as He clothes the naked..., so do thou &e 
Tanh. Haye 3 '31 -pi "b3 "^abai (not a^abai) and clothes 
them in armor &e Ib. (ref. to Ps. CIV, 1) rp naabrtU VWiPi 
n^a that is the strength with which I invested thee at 
the Red Sea. Ib/31 1©S<*ib tW$*) yum -niri^ part of thy 
glory and majesty hast thou put on Abraham's head by 
granting him the dignity of old age. Yoma 5 b "i^'abti ^iS^a 
in what order did Moses clothe them? — Y. Shek. V, 49 a 
(expl. ahpBan Ores, ib. V, 1, Mish. ed. VK&HBtl b>3>) TttW 
'31 ilJa la^aba he invested (the appointed person) with 
(had in charge) the high priest's garments; a. fr. 

I2J5?» '^^^» ^ 1 rl< 1 ch - same - Tar 8- Gen - XXXVIII, 
19; a. fr.— Part, diab, ^ab. Targ. Job XXVII, 17. Targ. 
Ez. IX, 2; a. fr.— Ber. 28 a ^Ktfl Vfm dab^ K*ia Wlb~l pta 
niirabx jtJXI ... let him who has been invested with the 
priest's cloak wear it; or shall he who is not invested 
say to him who has been, take off thy cloak, and I will 
put it on ? ; i. e. let us respect the hereditary office of 
the Nasi, v. rtW. Keth. 54 a tf&ah inainOS'W WWfriai 
SOS she put on all her dresses and wraps. Sabb. 10 b [read :] 
",-ppi ^'^tfjiabx xrVvp (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 30) cloaks 
are precious on those who are invested with them, i. e. 
a pupil likes to quote his teacher; a. fr. 

Af. la-obx 1) same. Targ. Ps. XCIII, 1 ; a. e.— Ber. 1. e 
Ms. M. i-Pi'vaabK, v. supra.-2)£o clothe. Targ. Ps. CXXXH, 
16. Targ. Job XXIX, 14 i2:cabxi and it clothed (protect- 
ed) me; a. e. — Kidd. 30 b n^Co'in no-sbJI (not tlTWjVl) 
and let him clothe and cover her. Y. Keth. XII, 35 a 
top "W«Sab»; Y. Kil. IX, 32 b top i3TOaba (corr. ace), v. 
fitp-fiptt. Tam. 32 a ; a. e.— Trnsf. to take hold of, seize. 
Kidd. 81 b pneabx "IS" 1 (her bashfulness in the presence of 




her father is a sign that) sensuality has seized her; Keth. 
51 b i"Umbst "is" 1 passion has overpowered her (she speaks 
under the influence of sensual excitement). 

A, Mb or «|b, v. *fc> KB& 

Wb, "«&, v. K$. 

Dp"tf 5, Y. Sabb. V, beg. 7 b , v. Wip^M. 

»TD"Ub, v. **a*. 

?Jp (denom. of taba) to stack ivith the pitchfork. Tosef. 
Sabb/lX (X), 10 yTSftl .... D"0D if two take hold of a 
pitchfork and stack; Sabb. 92 b ; Sifra Vayikra, Hobah, 
ch. IX, Par. 7. 

"pI2JUj 'J" 1 * m. (legatum) bequest, legacy. Snh. 91 a 

'Di 'b arott ax Ar. s. v. aa (ed. ?•»» insu;, Ms. m. "po^a, 

v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) if a father made a bequest to his 
children in his life-time; Yalk. Gen. 110 'pEr^ft (read 
•p-jyibp/.).— R. "pW'fc, «©*/& (legata). Tanh. Noah 14 
Abraham was the first (in the Bible) mentioned for old 
age, for a wayfarers' inn, 'bai and for disposing of prop- 
erty in life-time (ref. to Gen. XXIV, 6). 

fc^" 1 ^ f. (Xa-j'sta, sub. Sopa; v. Liddle et Scott Greek- 
Engl. Lex. 7 ) hare-skin. Gen. R. s. 20 Mus. (ed. Titab, Ar. 
xab); Tanh., ed. Bub., B'resh. 24 ^OiA read fY*& Xorfsiov, 
sub. 8ip\ia). 

VPJ", |PJ1"0 m. (legio) Roman legion, in gen. legion, 
troops! Ber. 32 b , v. anaoa. Tosef. Hull. VIII, 16 '31 iai3> 'b 
if a Roman legion passes from quarters to quarters, 
whatever has been used as a cover or shelter, (v. bfiN) 
is unclean; Hull. 123 a . Gen. R. s. 4, end ilirp 'b an in- 
tractable legion. Tanh. Vayesheb 3 naUZWl tt&O inst 'b 
"31 "j'U&O (not Twi<"i) a legion of fine and distinguished men, 
their heads reaching up to the capital of pillars ; a. fr. — 

PL jwaV, a-oi-ob, niaria^ ' n b. ib- -i F* ^ s ^ these 

legions are not worth anything (in the economy of Pro- 
vidence). Num. R. s. i 'bn D2 wab nssra . . . rata -px it 
is not worthy of the King that his own legion (body-guard) 
be counted with the legions. Y. Taan. II, 65 '' bot. '~ 'pV 
D"UUp two wild-tempered legions. Ex. R. s. 15 ip"rt\a D1311 
JtTBIIB 'bf\ lb a general before whom the legions cast 
the purple cloak (whom they proclaim emperor). lb. 
'31 "pi'abn fcOxial and leads the legions out (in parade), 
and this dates the beginning of his rule. Lev. R. s. 16, end 
iblU 'b <"l"2pri K"flp the Lord summons his legions (to ex- 
ecute punishment); a. e. 

"jTJD, NDYl?!?, ' n b ch. l)same.— Pl.)mb,">b. Targ. 
Y. Num." XIII, l.'l'b. XXIV, 24; Targ. Ez. XXX, 9 (li. text 
D-CJ). [Targ. Job XV, 24 *Va SOfinoixb "insa quot. in Nah- 
manides a. 1. ready to go around among the legions; ed. 
pnalbab Diaia'X.] — 2) (popular corrupt. = legatus) legate, 
delegate. Lev. R. s. 30 '31 "aaab 'b in ^iba? nas (Ar. 'b 
xabal ; Tanh. Emor 18 "]ba btU n^ttJ) a royal legate passed 
by, sent to collect taxes; Pesik. Ul'kah., p. 182 a . 

■pffyfe v. liaab, 

SCU5, v. next w. 

TTEP^J f. (Dab, v. X^Jlb) 1) quaffing, taking a draught. 
Y.Sot I,16 1 ' bot. '31 UJbluW'ab *na (Bab. ib.4 a s>aab "na, v. 
Xaa) as much time as is required for quaffing three roast- 
ed eggs. — 2) (in gen.) eating and drinking, entertainment. 
Snh. 103 b '31 npvnnm 'b nblTl a little refreshment plays 
an essential part, for its refusal estranged two tribes from 
Israel (Ammon and Moab, v. Deut. XXIII, 4 sq.). lb. 52 a 
(ref. to Ps. XXXV, 16) 'b *pO">:> by mpb WtM) they 
flattered Korah for the sake of entertainments (to which 
he used to invite them); Yalk. Ps. 723. — 3) living, sup- 
port (our 'bread and butter'). Gitt. 7 a (play on naaial aVpS 
risoDOi, Josh. xv,3i) traiiiTrnn bv xmb np3tf ib urir ia bz 
• ( "H ibnffiS" 1 n2D3",3lUJ if one has cause to complain of being 
hindered in his livelihood by his neighbor and keeps his 
peace, He who dwells in the thornbush will take up his 
cause. Bekh. 35 a -jrimTl s6 xaiabb we do not apprehend 
that their testimony may be influenced by their bread 
and butter, i. e. by their dependence on their employers. 
— PI. niaiab. R. Hash. 18 a '31 'b "i "1333 corresponding to 
the ten meals which Nabal gave to David's servants 
(I Sam. XXV, 5). 

"PJP,' Y. Snh. 11, 20 c bot. "pi 'b UJiab, read: f*\. 

"T3 >> m. (33b, v. aib, formed like yxp) 1) bottle, a vessel 
smaller than 12 and larger than 013. T'bul Yom IV, 4 
'31 liixbai.. .'b a lagin which requires sunset to be clean 
(v. baa) and which was filled out of a cask containing tithes 
(intended forT'rumah); Erub.36 a ; Y.ib.III,21 b bot.(corr. 
ace). Tosef. Ohol. V, 10; Ohol.V,4; Hag. 22 b Ms. M. (ed. 
■plb); ib. 26 a fHWB 'b (read SOB). Ab. Zar.V, 1 '31 &*& ..tfsn 
the gentile put his wine bag on it. Tosef. Ter. VII, 16 'b 
U"F3!"lia (ed. Zuck. ItTWDB, corr. ace. all the suffixes in the 
sentence); a. e.— PI. d^ab, T^ab. Tosef. Dem. VIII, 22, 
sq. Kel. XXX, 4 d">bTia 'b' large flasks (of glass). Y. Hag. 
II, end, 78 c . Kel. XVI, 2 'bn rf>2 a case of wickerwork 
for flasks ; Tosef. ib.B. Mets. V, 13 "p313ibn rrt3 (coir. ace). 
Ib. VI, 8 yS bXB . . . 'bn t"P3 a wooden flask case. — Bets. 
15 1 ' 'b "bV2 ibbn these are people counting their wine by 
laginin (less rich than the "pa ibiU, but wealthier than 
the ni&13 ibsa).— Yalk. Sam. 161 ni3-<3b : 3tf; (the water) in 
the bottles. — *2) also nSTib f. a garden-bed requiring a 
lagin of seed. Ter. IX, 5 TOVb ns*a Ms. M. a. Y. ed. (Bab. 
a. Mish. ed. n3ab) one hundred beds planted with T'rumaii 
seeds; Tosef. ib. VIII, 4 )^b nxa ed. Zuck. (Var. ":'3b; 
R. S. to Ter. 1. c. quotes 3lb) ; [v., however, X3ab]. 

"P:b, KJ^bm., WT? 1 ^ NHjjbf.same. Targ. 
Y. Gem XXIV," 14—20 (hTtextl?). Targ. Jud. VI, 38 Var. 
ed. Lag., v. KS/pb. [Targ. Y. Num. XIX, 4 "pab "JO, prob. to 
be read: Tab'-jO.]— B. Mets. 85 b , v. &*. Yalk. Koh. 967, 
v. XrWpb.— PL 'ppab. Targ. Job. XXXII, 19 (Var. fSpb, 
Sp131T ; h. text tVOk). Targ. Lam. IV, 2 (h. text ib33). 

fc}P,i 'J" 1 V (Pilp. of aib, contr. of 3^b) 1) to stammer, 




be undecided. Deut. R. s. 5 "pld 3^3ba Tin PX do not give 
judgment in a hesitating manner (speak clearly and with 
full knowledge, cmp. B3aa; Yalk. ib. 907 yp). — 2) (with 
bs) to sneer. Sabb.30 by 3l li?3> 'ip a certain student sneered 
at him. Ber. 39 a d3>13 ^3K 3P3pail P3> I am angry with him 
who sneers; Y. ib. VI, 10 c top nj&als tvA iinK why didst 
thou laugh?; a. e. 

J>J* I ch. same. 

Ithpalp. afclVnx to 5c sneered at. Targ. Esth. I, 17. 

J ^J ^ II (= ?3p3, v. 333 ; cmp. 2323 = 33>33>) to proclaim, 
boast.' Targ. Y. I Gen. XXXIV, 31 rrtooa 3l:3ba ed. (Ar. 
h"WB3; Y. II tmbZ iN3na).— Gen. R. s. 64, end fctrin p^T 
'31 3?3pa go and announce it that thou didst put thy 
head into the lion's mouth and earnest out in peace; Yalk. 
ib. Ill, end. 

JH*J!>, A " m. (3^3^) stammering. Cant. R. to II, 4 
(ref. to l?3*Jl ib.) '31 iai?3bl even the child's stammering is 
pleasing to me. 

aOaO) J ~ m. = 3i?3^!i (n rejected) 1) purslane, v. 
»ft?kj«— 2) pi constr. ^JftaV, '3^, only in Vt«1 'p stems 
of the mustard plant. B. Bath. 18* ; 25 b i^Tin '? m?3lK 
they (the bees) eat the stems of my mustard plants, v. 


"jQJ^i Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. VI, 9 '? IPX Var., read: 

sSjJl", J"~ m. (a corrupt, of linea) a narrow path 
between fields.— PI. "p33b. Targ. Is. XXVIII, 25 Regia (ed. 
Lag. ■, >1 33i?, Var. "payfc; ed. T"3l; h. text mitt); cmp. Low 
Pfl. p. 221). 

njjri" f. same, in gen. row, bed; v. 'pSP 2. 

OJD, Pari. Pa. bj&a, fo stammer. Hag. 15 b Ar. (ed. 


Ojb, Y. Yoma III, 41 a hot., v. 80ft. 

^jjTlb, v. agyift. 

T^lb m. (v. VPpflb) Laodicean. Kel. XXVI, 1 ?13d 
*P (ed. Dehr. ^mb) a Laodicean sandal. 

&<2n5, WT5 m.=b.h.)y r ,sheath. Targ. I Chr. XXI, 
27. Targ.'H Sam. XX, 8;— Targ. I Sam. XVII, 51 (ed. 
Wil. "13). 

*rp- s 

'", v. K^tft. 

^5lb, v. *rb. 

Z2H5 to glisten, be bright, v. <S%a/". drilptt). 

3H ."3 m . (b.h.; precedO/^atMe.-P^.d^tnV, constr. "Van"?. 
Deut. R. s. 1 1 tt)K 'p -[ina . . ,1» T^ 1 aindestined to re- 
ceive the Law from between flames of fire. 

M Jn5 ch. same. — PI. constr. "^rtp. Targ. Y. II Deut. 
XXXIII,* 2. Targ. Y. Ex. Ill, 2. 

nDri!5 f. (b. h.) same. Deut.R. s. 11 'P ^Bltt) flaming 

r^MDnb ch. same. Targ. Ps. CVI, 18. 

Jin* m. (b. h.; denom. of i"l3i"i) study. Num. R. 8. 14 
(ref. to Koh. XII, 12) '31 ■«10*l '?3 fCnn rtfii dN if thou 
takest great pains in the study of the words of the wise 
&c. (v. Erub. 21b *gy ya ri31rin ?3). 

WTjnb = »3tWt. Targ. Lam. Ill, 62 Var. 

J 111 > m. (3nV) flourishing, brandishing. Targ. Nah. 
ni,3 '31 niriPXl 'PI (ed. Lag. '? p">da producing sparks by 
the hoofs of the horses). 

t3P5 (b. h.; cmp. dfi?) to glisten, gloto. Gen.R. s. 21, 
end IT noni? tt)Na . . pisa ^a what will save my children 
from this glowing fire (hell)?; a. e. — Part. pass, din?, f. 
nzft'rib; pi. lANl*), "pwris; ttrewni gloiving; (with *TtN) 
passionately following, anxious for. Gen. R. s. 94 "inx 'p 
13113, v. -|i-ia. Y. Taan. VI, 69 b ; Pesik Dibre, p. 114 a Witt) 
'31 inst '? PX1tt)i (not imtt)) the Israelites were greedy 
for sweet things. Gen. R. s. 22 fiaian TW '? IV! had a 
passion for agriculture. Cant. R. to I, 4 riS^Stt) "HMX ... 'p 
the Israelites were anxious for the Divine Presence; a. 
fr.— Tanh. Huck. 4 (ref. to Ps. LVII, 5) inx fftgrft Witt) 
1"rt? (= d^dlilb) they had a passion for denunciation; 
Mi dr. Till, to Ps. VII; Yalk. ib. 637; Yalk. Kings 213 
OTSUlP; Y. Peah I, 16 a ; a. e. 

Pi. dSi" 1 !? to glow; to make glowing. Lev. R. s. 16 ttJKii 
l^rYO^ad Hdftba the fire was shining around him. Gen. 
R. s. 21, end (ref. to Gen. 111,24) inor&ai . . . roanna X^ntt) 
'31 it (the fire of hell) turns around man and heats him 
through from top to bottom &c. Num. R. s. 18 tt)Xri idm 1 ? 
the fire seized him ; a. e. 

tOn 5, Pa. drt ch. same, to heat. Targ. Y. II Deut. 
XXXII,'22 rcirf?! (prob. to be read: ridrtVl). 

n" n 'i!3nb, Y. Nidd. m, 51* v. DM*;. 

D" 1 !^!!? m. pi. (b. h.; Talm. etymol. fr. utjb) glitter- 
ing; delusions. Snh. 67 b (ref. to Ex. VII, 11, a. 22) dnidba 
'31 dn^-jnbd d^ltt) ilttWa IPX 'with their fe^'m' (secret art's) 
refers to works of demons, 'with their Vhatim' — to works 
of sorcery (with. ref. to drib Gen. in, 24). 

fcratanb, v. ^aidp. 

t : t 

"■"Jib, Sllb (cmp. tin?) [fo 6e bent; cmp. &)?;,] fo 6e 
tired. Targ. Is". LXV, 23 ed. Lag., v. ^n. Ib. XLII, 4 "^J 
(ed. Wil. "rt5 ^/".; ed. Lag. fptf, v. ^ri").— Part, ^b, pi. 
■p^iiK Targ! Y. II Deut. XXV, 18 (h. text EpS% 

^i/". n !^X 1) same, v. supra. — 2) fo fire, annoy. Targ. 
Mai. II, 17 (ed. Lag. "i?nx).— 3) to bend (one's self), v. nn>. 

bnb, j^bnb, ^bnb, f .b*, &n, ^ 

Jl>, Hithpa. drftnfi, v. dribna. 







"lPI 2 =TnirX, but, only. Taan. 12 a (quot. fr. Meg. Taan. 
ch. XII, ed. Meg. Taan. 'pb). 

nJlb (v. ">nV>), >!/•. nn>K to bend (one's self). Targ. 
II Kings IV, 34,' sq. (ed.Wil. a. Bxt. ^rfsK, v.Ti^Ar.nnlsK; 
h. text ire). 

U unto him ; v. ~b. 

^ (homiletic interpret.) = Kb. Gen. E. s. 73 .."©I b= 

sfc )it 'JUS jnBab b^aSE ^ 13 lltl r*¥l . . whatever agree- 
ments Laban made with Jacob, he retracted mentally 
ten times, for we read (Gen. XXX, 34) hen, hi yes, no ; 
Yalk. ib. 130. 

t : ■' 

n&flb, v. w*\ 
wb, v. *(& 
wb> v. *tijc. 

D*D (b. h.) pr. n. £%a, v. «<W&. Y. Kil. VIII, 31 c Kin 

b^-ixa K^n 'b BPH n~raK this proves that Lub and Egypt 
are the same, v. "Qlb. 

&Q13 m. (preced.) = nKblb Libyan. Sabb. 51 b Klsn 
'b a Libyan ass.— PZ. ^Kb/fc. Targ.Nah. Ill, 9. Targ. II Chr. 
XII, 3; a.e.— Tam.32 a 'V> "nan, v. supra.— V.^b, "•^WpV- 

Dtnaib, DpTrnb, v. o<?p$i 

^b m.,v.blb).L%aw. Y.Kil.VIII,31 c ; 
Y. Sabb. V, beg. 7 b an Egyptian bean when fresh *pni1X 
'31 'b tYb is named Libyan, when dried, they call it 
Egyptian bean; ... *iXB Kin 'b Kin hT«» Kin this proves 
that Libyan and Egyptian means the same (v. bib). Ib. 
'ba ia a proselyte descendant of a Libyan. Y. Shebi. II, 
34 a bot. 'bt "pb^a bunches of Libyan beans. — PI. dh3>lV 
Y. Kil. 1. c; Y. Sabb. 1. c, v. biplb^b. Ib. 'ba b^Kbn 6i*tt 
proselytes, descendants of Libyans ; v. "Hb^b. 

D'H'O'lb, Yalk. Deut. 950, v. 1B«ft. 

rrrabaib, v.-^ib. 

ID U, "Q3 m. 1) ("jbb) Wtife matter, white color. Gitt. 
57 a , a. e. ns'^S 'b the white of an egg. Neg. IV, 1 'b nKla 
the white color (of leprosy). Nidd. 31 a , a.e. 'bn the white 
substance (semen virile). Ib. ^938 'bit the white of the 
eye; a. fr.— PI. D*S3ft. Koh. K. toV,10 'bn ttaaiDplb the 
white (semen) out of which are formed the white sub- 
stances of the embryonic body. — *2) Cjbbl) the mass of 
clay for bricks. Pirke d'E. El. ch. XLVI1I b"< 'b pa 
in the clay stamped for bricks. 

XO) A^> m.(b. h.; Mb onomatop. to lick, lap; to gurgle 
v. Ges. H. Diet. 10 s. v. Mb) a small narrow-necked vessel, 
Log, a liquid measure equal to the contents of (or the 
space occupied by) six eggs (v.Herzfeld Metrol. p.46,sq.). 
Men. IX, 2. B.Bath. 90 a ; Tosef. ib. V, 10. Tosef. Kel. B. 
K;i m. 1 1. 2 ; a. fr.— PI. b^Slb, fvb, "psfe. lb. ; Kel. II, 2 ; a. fr. 

S3lb, NiP (or N3b) ch. same, 1) small bottle.— PI. 
"\ab or i»b. Yoiiia 83 b [read:] "WSl 'M WHrTO (v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note, a. 515B) they surrounded,him with bottles 
(of cordials) and dishes; (Ms. 0. ^abl ^SX 'inK they placed 
around him dishes &c). — 2) Log, v. preced. Targ. Lev. 
XIV, 10; a. fr. (some ed. Kaib).— Pes. 109 a KUJIpal 'b the 
Log measure of the Temple. Y. Sabb. VIII, ll a bot.; Y. 
Shek. Ill, 47 c top Kn^-ilKI 'b the Biblical Log, v. KPOain; 
a. fr.— PL paib. Targ. Y. Ex. XXX, 24. — Y. Ter. X, 47 b 
top; a. e. 

WD, tlJpiJ pr. n. m. Loga. Tosef. Yomall, 7 -,1m© 
'b p; T Cant. E. to III, 6 naib; Y. Yoma III, 41 a bot. bab 
(corr. ace). 

D 13 D A l> m. (Xoyi<JT7j<; = curator orbis among the 
Eomans) market commissioner. Tanh. Tsav 1 b^aba^b, ed. 
Bub. Global (corr. ace); Yalk. Lev. 479 GIGGaib; Yalk. 
Mic. 555 Giaaib, 'isa^b (corr. ace); (Tanh. Balak 12 ba'b 


"|Jb^> m- (&&) 8tieerer. Y.Ber.VI, 10 c top ed.Lehm. 


SQJl^U e, pi. p»a«lb (bab, v. TVPxb) puffed up cheek 
{filled with a quaff) ; 'b Kba a mouthful, quantity of liquid 
filling one cheek. Pes. 107 a Kaaib Kba (Ms.M. TTBH&). Yoma 
VIII, 2; Tosef. ib. V(IV), 3 '21 VaMb Kba nnilin he who 
drinks (on the Day of Atonement) a quantity equal to 
the fill of his cheeks; expl. Bab. ib. 80 a and corrected 
'b Kba3 Ka^K say as much as would cause the appearance 
of puffed cheeks. Y. ib. VII, 44 d bot. [read :] 'b Kba3 *W\ 
nnK Kaaibb pia . . . ¥%& inal there is a version (for Kba 
TTOSlb): l^aaib Kba3, and what is the difference? (xbaa 
l^aaib means) a mouthful which can be kept in one cheek. 
Ib. '31 p b® ioaift the mouthful of Ben Abatiah which is 
more than a quarter of a Log; a. e. 

fcOJOJrD, S n mft Num.E.s.2 'b ittin, a corrupt. 

for K^aab or Kai^aab (Xa-^veia or XaYVsujxa) lewdness ; 
(Lev. E. s. 20 nxatB, Ar. Kn-J^T). 

bTCQDJlb, v. G^ob^ft. 

S©J^ m. ch. = h. tt5=b. Y. Sabb. II, beg. 4 r . 

\0 (b. h. *&) pr. n. pi. Lod, Lydda in South Palestine 
(Eoman name Diospolis). Maas. Sh. V, 2 blSan *{0 'b 
Lod. was the westernmost term (of one day's journey 
from Jerusalem). Tosef. Erub. IX (VI), 2. Y. Meg. I, 70 a 
bot. '31 niSpla . . . 'b Lod and Ge Haharashim belong to 
the fortified towns of the conquest days (v. a'TilHn^). B. 
Mets. IV, 3 'b i-flrl the merchants of L. Snh. 32 b '"1 nnK 
tt 1t3>^K follow E. El. to L. ; a. fr. 

vO (b. h.) Lud, Lydia, a district of Asia Minor. Pes. 
50 a ; B.Bath. 10 b , a. e.'b ^ann the martyrs of L., v. K^pllb. 
— Tosef. Yeb. IV, 5 (confession of a robber captured in 
Cappadocia) *?b inbrob linain i3K I killed him on his 
entering Lydia (Laodicea); Y. ib. II, end, 4 b ; Bab.ib.25 b . 

IXTfoy nilb (nS"! 7 !^) (cmp. next w.) pr. n. m. 
Luda, (Ludaah), an Amora. Sabb. 96 b (Ms. M. mib: Ms. 




O. snib; Yalk. Ex. 413 *fo). Ib. 137 a (Ms. M. mib; Ms. 

0. imb); Yeb. 71 b nxTib.— Y. Taan. Ill, 67 a mib '-i. 

M^TD m. 1) =h. I'Tib Lyddan. Ab. Zar. S6 a 'b 'wbaTU 
mOKp thou citest Samlai, the Lyddan; (Y. ib. II, 41 d 
bot. Wm).- Yeb. 71 b , v. preced. — P/. wV?. Ab. Zar. 

1. c. i^bwi 'b ^«ffl it is different with Lyddan scholars, 
because they disregard traditional laws.— 2)" 1 50*lb (denom. 
of ludi, the latter being treated as a geographical term) 
people hiring men for gladiatorial contests, lanistae (v. 
Sin. Ant. s. v. Gladiator). Gitt. 46 b bot. fWI 8*133 Stinn 
'" rri's: there was the case of a man who had sold 
himself to the Ludae. Ib. 47 a 'bb...m"'pb tfm Eesh Lakish 
had sold himself &c— Y. Ter. VIII, 45 d top ysTH H33T ib^St 
<D1 7-7-2 Ml ■pwftb (not mn; prob. to be read: y^b) if 
thou hadst sold thyself to the lanistae, thou wouldst have 
sold (thyself) at a high price, but here thou hast sold 
(risked) thy life for a trifle.— V. G*VP. 

HI" 5, v. x^b. 

"Tl" m., pLffnii of Lod, Lt/ddan. Pes. 62 b . — [V. 
-'-''-.']— Fern, rvnib, pi. ni^Tib. Kel. II, 2, v. man.— 
[V. rrob.] 

S"TI~ ch. = nx^b, same. Ex. R. s. 3 'b TOE2J *C 

T T T T ' I 


U \'\J m. pi. (v. rttJ'Tib 2) 1) keepers of gladiators, 
also gladiators. Pes. 12 ,} ; Sabb. 10 a 'b b=xa the meal time 
of the gladiators (to whose diet special attention was 
paid). Y. Gitt. IV, end, 46 lj *bb 10SS "OB, v. tlit^b 2.— 
2) (= ludi) public games. Tanh., ed. Bub., Noah 20 Dsba 
ffnaOpai 'ba »impa haipa bflWl Bal. introduced sleep- 
ing rooms (for prostitution), dice, public games and div- 
inations; Tanh. ib. 14 roam D^aGpa rfnibaa).— ["p^b, Ab. 
Zar. 18 b , v. ",1-iba.] 

n"iib, v .^b. 

rf'T15 f., pi. Vfff^b (v. a^b) gladiator's food (of beans 
or wheat; sagina gladiatoria). Bets. 14 b ",nn ttttBSb *p Pt l 
'" wheat (which can be made direct use of) for prepar- 
ing &c.;Y.ib.I, end, 6 l a nv^a br&«£ (corr.acc); Tosef. 
ib. J, 23 nvnb ed. Zuck. (Var. nvmb). 

CO h^ m. ladanum, a soft resin, a product of the 
Cistus (v. Low Pfl., p. 127; Sm. Ant. s. v. Ladanum). 
Keth. 77 b . 

P^TO, Y. Ter. VIII, 45 d top, v. «*•*£ 2. 

** T R y^ pr. n. pi. Laodicea, name of several towns, 
esp. L. ad Lycam, a city of Asia Minor, counted to Lydia 
(v. i:ib). M.Kat.26 a , v. SW}I. B.Mets. 84 a , v. p"}S. Y.Ab. 
Zar. Ill, 42 c top KipTlb. — Koh. E. to III, 17 ; Taan. 18 b ; 
Treat. S'mah. ch. VIII; Sifra Emor, Par. 8, ch.IX (SOp">b); 
Meg. Taan. ch. XII (martyrdom of Lulianus and Papus, 
v. Tib). Gen. R. s. 11; Sabb. 119 a ; Pesik. R. s. 23. 

llv m. (ludarius, not recorded in Lat. Diet., v. Sachs 
Beitr. I, p. 121 ; P. Sm. 1905) a gladiator trained to fight 
beasts at the Roman games, analogous to the Spanish 

matador (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Venatio a. Bestiarii). Ex. R. s. 
30, end, v. KWaft"* Gen. R. addit., ed. Wil. p. 376 top, 
v. oiaairia. 

t. iib. 

mb, v. 

T T 

Tl Jj v. ixb. 

"^113 m. pi. (Syr. SOlb, P. Sm. 1905; cmp. abab I) 
the first milk after delivery, a dainty dish. Targ. Job 
XX, 17 (ed. Lag. 'vb; some ed. "*& ; h. text nxan). Ib. 
XXIX, 6 (ed.Wil. wb; h. text rTBjPj). Targ.Y. Gen. XVIII, 
8 3bm Ipae W\b ed. (Ar. Nab); Targ.Y. I Deut. XXXII, 14 

"frnb, "fpTb,v. ? p-ab. 
rmb,rmb, «rmb, v . **, ««>. 

— t — v tt: -'t 

mb, ^"anb,v.Bib. 

t : t t : t : 

"pDTft Ar. quot. fr. Y'lamd. to Num. XXIII, 7 or 18, 
or XXIV, 3,— quid? 

CD II*, Gen. R. s. 20 Ar., a corrupt, for CP20*ib as in 
ed. a. Yalk. Gen. 32. 

SST^TD f. (pk) curse, v. xnab. 

*ni5, v . ^xibx. 

^j?) " I " l ^> m - (Wb) attachment. — 'b aw surname, 
epithet Neg. XIV, 6 'b btt . . ailx ba xbl nor any hyssop 
which is qualified by an epithet C^}" 1 , "*qfh &c.) ; Par. XI, 
7; Succ. 13 a ; Hull. 62 b ; Sifre Num. 124; 129; a. e.— Ned. 
VI, 9 (53 a ) 'b DW NlSlllJ for this (the addition of 'field') is 
a differentiating epithet. 

rrmb, sn^iib, v . SU b *& 

T T : T T t T ■ 

lbllb, v .abab. 


■^jjnb, v. ^i^. 

*q*f T jrpb, -jjrnb, v. sub 'p^b. 

rrnb, v . n*. 

"> I (b. h.) pr. n. pi. 1) Luz, in Palestine, identical 
with, or near, Bethel. Gen. R. s. 69, v. next w.; a. e. — 
2) Luz, in the land of the Hittites (Jud. I, 26), supposed 
to be Lizan in Kurdistan (v. Ne,ub. Geogr., p. 394), a place, 
mentioned in the Talmud as still existing, from which 
the purple blue (nbsn) was imported. Snh.l2 a (in a secret 
letter) 'ba D^awn D*nai (not mfcOtt) things manufactur- 
ed in Luz (nban). Sot. 46 b (ref. to Jud.l. c.) ■psaistl) 'b son 
fHf\ it is that Luz where they dye purple blue, which 





Sennaherib left undisturbed, and Nebucadnezar did not de- 
stroy, and where the angel of death has no permission 
to enter &c; Gen. B. s. 69 (applied to Gen. XXVIII, 19). 

Jl* II m. (b. h.) nut, almond, hazel-nut; also nut-tree. 
Bekh. 8 a 'b "j^fita "p533l corresponding to chickens (hatch- 
ed in twenty one days) is the almond tree among trees; 
Y. Taan.IV, 68 c bot. (ref. to lp!D, Jer. I, 11) mm 'brt na 
'31 as the almond tree requires twenty one days from 
blossoming &c; (Koh. R. to XII, 7 IpTUS-l). Gen. R. s. 69 
(ref. to lib, y. preced.) '31 MB lb "p* 'b na (some ed. tb, 
fem.) as the nut has no opening, so nobody could find 
the entrance to the town. lb. '31 1al5> ff*1 'b a nut-tree 
stood before the entrance, lb.; ib. s.81 end, v. 30*1; a. fr. — 
Ft.trtb, yn^Vi Y. Kil. I, 27 a bot., v. Na.313.— Trnsf. btt 'b 
nine the nut of the spinal column,a hard vertebra,(Juder\- 
knochlein, v. Low Pfl., p. 375 a. quot. ib. from Hyrtl, Das 
Arabische und Hebr. in der Anat., p. 165). Lev. R. s. 18; 
Koh. R. to XII, 5; a. e. 

?l5, JKjlb ch. same. Targ. Gen. XXX, 37. — PI. pfa 
RW& Targ. Y. I Num. XVII, 23 (Y. II XTVb 13 fflVj h. 
text D^ptt5). Targ. Y. Gen. XLIII, 11. 

ll* III (b. h.) to turn, bend, twist. 

Nif. Tibs to be perverse, v. infra. 

Hif. rWj or T^n to fotrn. Kil. IX, 8 (play on ii in 
BUJTB, v. W) l">bs> ta^attniB vnx nx Kin t^bai tib; (or t^al) 
he (who disregards the law of HKSttJ) is perverse and 
turns his Father in heaven against him; [Comment. 'and 
turns away (estranges) his Father .... on his account']. 

VO TV (v. T?b) to talk about, sneer, talk disrespectfully. 

Hif. t^h same. Y.Dem. II, 22 c bot. vbs Ff$j ^ =tl "f* 1 
all people talked against him. Lev. R. s. 6, beg. Cant. R. 
to IV, 12 '31 inK "prta hTnan blp saUil heard the people 
talk evil of his daughters. Gen. R. s. 54 )T\HQ "prba spoke 
disrespectfully of the ark (v. Sot. 35 a sq.); — Y. Shek. 
V, 49 a bot. -prba (some Bab. ed. "pnsba). 

S?l5, v. Wi II ch. 


rmb, v. m^. 

ITD I (or IT 2) (cmp. nib) to join. 

Pi- nilb (denom. of next w.) to place straps close to- 
gether so as to form a boardlike surface. Part. pass. 
rnjVo, pi. "prnjb-a. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. VIII, 6 (R. 8. to 
KeL XVIII, 5 reads DTtV,-ra, v. nil). 

nl> II m. (b. h.; preced.; cmp. f|1) tablet, board. Y. 
Shek. VI, 49 d bot. ; Ex. R. s. 47, a. e. '31 nt 'b bs niran 
five commandments on one tablet &c. ; — PI. ninib 
(mostly of the tablets containing the ten commandments); 
t^nilb, "pnllb, constr. Yplb. lb. Ber. 8 b '31 'b "na»1 'b the 
(second) tablets and the broken tablets were both preserved 
in the ark, (therefore despise not an old scholar when 
his memory forsakes him); B. Bath. 14 a ; Men. 99 a .— Y. 
Kil. IX, 32 b top n-nnn 'b; Y. Keth. XII, 35 a top 'b (met- 
aphorically for R. Jehudah han-Nasi ; (Keth. 104 a "jinx 
ampn, v. tom)', a. fr.— Meg. 32 a , v. rWtt.— Tosef. Kel. 

B. Mets. VIII, 4 '31 -pnilb; Sabb. 47 a Q^nilb (Ar. ed. Koh. 
BTTib, oth. ed. d^mb) ; Tosef. ib. X11I (XIV), 1 5 ; Y. ib. XII, 
beg. 13 c , v. 031-JD. Sabb. XII, 4 Sp3S TPfli ^SUJ to (Bab. ed. 
104 b tlllb; Y. ed. nH as in Mish. ib. 5) on (the rims of) 
two boards of a writing tablet (pinax). B. Mets. 1 17 a (expl. 
nipn) DTillb boards of the ceiling; a. e. 

1115, XITI5, SriTlb ch. same. Targ.Y. Ex. XXXVI, 
19, a. e. (O.Wi, h. text imp). Targ. Prov. Ill, 3. Targ. 
Is. VIII, 1 (h. text "jiib) ; a. fr.— PI. -pnib, N*nib, Tiib/iib. 
Targ. Y. I Ex. XXVL 15 (Y. II mb). Ib. 20. Targ. Ex. 
XXXI, 18; a. fr.— [Sabb. 18 a ; Gitt. T (51 a top, v. next w.]. 

Sfll^, t&TJD m . (= NSib; v. 'Tib) 1) jaiv, cheek. Y. R. 
Hash! I, 58 b top tprjft, v. n??.— PI. N^nib. Targ. Y.Deut. 
XVIII, 3.-2) fish-hook.— PL ^nib, *>n'b. Sabb. 18 a Tub 
"""iplpl Ms. O. a. Ar. (ed. Tib) hooks (fish-lines) and traps 
of little joists; Gitt. 61 a top. 

Hi" I pr. n.m. (b. h.) Lot, the nephew of Abraham. Ber. 
54 a 'b bu> inmx. ..nxnn he who sees ...Lot's wife (the pillar 
of salt, Gen. XIX, 26). Erub. 65 a 'b bffl IMISiab S^n who 
is as drunk (unconscious) as Lot. Gen. R. s. 44 (play on 
the name) '31 UCJlb Bib cursed Lot shall not be Abram's 
heir ; a. fr. 

12l> II m. (b. h. B'b) lotus. Gen. R. s. 91, end, expl. 
131I2&2 q. v. 

1315 (v. next w.) to curse. Part, ob, f. nab, pi. rvtob. 
Num. R. s. 9 (ed. Wil. p. 56) '31 it 'bl -]3 ni»3tt53 b3n all 
(women) shall swear by thee and curse each other saying, 
if thou hast done this, may thy end be &c. 

131 5, T31 5, T31 J 5ch. [to cover, talk secretly: cmp. lanb,] 
to curse. Perf. lib, Bib. Targ. Lev. XX, 9. Targ. I Kings 
II, 8 iSOlb ; a. fr.— Part, B*>Nb, B«b, SJ^b, Ii?b, -Jib. Targ. 
Y. I, II Num. XXIII, 8. Targ. Gen. XXVIl'29; a. fr.— 
Part. pass. &b, Bib, Bllb. Ib. Ill, 14; a. fr. Gen. R. s. 44 
N'Jlb 'Jib; Yalk. ib. 76 bWb, v. Bib I.— Snh. 49 a top (prov.) 
n-JXb KW1 fctbl KBlb xnn ed. (Ms. M. KO*»K v. Rabb. D. S. 

T T T V T IT? 

a. 1. note, Rashi ffisb xbl) be cursed rather than cursing. 
Ib. lll a ^b na^b xp tsb^a wilt thou curse me?— Ib. 113 a 
[read :] lib *zft rajini db "O KaVni (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) 
is it so that when Joshua cursed (Jericho) he meant &c. ? 
—Lev. R. s. 17 (ni53) N'-Jllb fb^X3 Nn^3 Dllb (Yalk. ib. 
563 ti^b) cursed (with leprosy) is the house with such 
accursed inmates (who refuse favors to their neighbors) ; 
ib. (play on rWlSplB, Lev. XIV, 37, as if 1"IK spttJ) ypW 
'lib "pb" , N3 xn^S to ruin goes the house with such &c. 

taib, 131 lb, SI31]b m. (preced.) curse. Targ. Is. 
XIII.Y. Targ! Num. V, T 21. Targ. Ex. IX, 28 'Vl "pbp (h. 
text nbp) ; Y. ib. 34; a. fr. — PI. "pDlb, «•»$, 'lib. Targ. 
Gen. XXVII, 12, sq.; a. e. 

011215, Midr. Sam. ch. II 'bb (some ed. 'bib) a cor- 
rupt, of 03ibl3b. 

U '"131* pr. n. m. (corrupt, of Diocletianus ?) Lu- 
tianus, a Roman emperor. Gen. R. s. 83, end "]baiU 31^ 


697 n*fc 

bsoiaa . . . iiSHS 'b on the day when L. became king, E. 
A. heard in a dream: To-day Magdiel became king (i. e. 
the last but one King of Edom-Eome, v. Gen. XXXVI, 
43); Talk. ib. 140 Wvb. 

Dtaib, v. a*& 

"NC'^D, *SC"l — 5 m. pi. (prob.) Arethusii, the in- 
habitants of Arethusia between Epiphania and Emesa 
:-). Targ. Y. I Gen. X, 18 ; Targ. I Chr. 1, 16 (h.text 

mrb t 

V. -'--. 


' Dj f n™ (b. h.) 1) to join, be connected, v. Piel, a. 
!">""'". — 2) (cmp. Sm. Ant. s. v. Nexuni) to assume an obli- 
gation; to borrow. Shebu.41 b ; Keth.88 a ; B.Bath. 6 a laiiOi 
'z" "~"'r X3 he who (being sued for a loan duly testified 
by witnesses) says, 'I have not contracted any loan', is con- 
sidered as admitting that he has not paid. Hull. 84 a "J1S3J 
•■"•N ","■■- "N (delicate persons) like ourselves may buy 
food on credit. B. Mets. 72 b '21 ISO b:> "plib ","« (also 
""."') you must not borrow money with the choice of re- 
paying in grain at the present price; (another defin., v. 
Eashi a.l.). Bets 15 b "'?r vb make a loan on my (the Lord's) 
account;— Esp. nil?, ill's debtor, opp. to IT&5 creditor. 
Shebu. 47 a *n TO 'b na if the debtor died' before the 
creditor ; a. fr.— PI. -pl/ib. lb. b 'b "Stn -pllba XV two (diff- 
erent) creditors and two debtors. 

Pi. iijb, Sil*b, 'ib 1) to order an escort for protection, 
v. --■?. Tanh. Bal. 12; Num. E. s. 20 bl TO Bfib '3 He 
appointed the clouds of glory to escort them. Sot. 46 b 

'21 nr-S *XB bftstn for the sake of the four steps 

which Pharaoh ordered his men to escort Abraham &c. 
— 2) to escort, to walk a distance with a departing guest; 
to follow. Sabb. 119 b '21 lb "p^Va Wtva "W two minister- 
ing angels escort man to his house on the Sabbath eve. 
Sot. 1. c. '21 ii'bra" i"!"~r "*x- 33 whoever omits to escort 
a guest or (as a guest) declines an escort, is regarded as 
if he had shed blood; '=1 liivrb kVoV*03 for if the men 
of Jericho had escorted Elisha &c. Koh. V, 17 Hffl 
'21 lii'ba and what does escort him (to the grave)? Merits 
and good deeds; a. fr. 

Hithpa. n-:r- Nithpa. fi'br; 1) to join the company 
of, to associate. Midr. Till, to Ps. CIV, 26 (play on jTVTfc, 
ib.) '2* rncSffc TT» pnO nj&raB "a io whosoever joins 
them (the Eonians) will be made sport of with them 
in future days. Ib. '21 .1"3pn TTC fTXO illbnaB "'a 32 
him who joins them (the scholars), the Lord will cause 
to rejoice with them &c. ; Yalk. ib. 862. Gen. E. s. C3, end; 
Yalk.ib. Ill 'Z' : 13".*3p "ar tT&TOB the disgrace of starvation 
was made his companion. Tanh. Vayishl. 3 13 rrilbriiib to 
be his escort; a. fr. —2) to be escorted, to accept escort. 
Sot. 1. c, v. supra. 

Hif. ttlbfi 1) to escort. Ber. 18 a •lillbn OKI if he does 
escort him (the dead). — 2) to lend. Ex. E. s. 31 iilba 
ttCCO lends on interest ; rrefQ Kbit) 'a without inter- 
est, lb. '21 »6? xba that they must not lend &c. Ib. 1JC 

'21 "pxn .iriibn rtai . . . 131x1 Tvubri na3 see how much 

I lend ( to man,) without taking interest, and what 
the earth lends &c. B. Mets. V, 1 y 31 rrsam sbo mban 
he who lends a Sela to get five Denars in return. Ib. 62 b 
n:a "ailbii lend me a Maneh.— B. Kam. 94 b rrOT\ >*ba (a. 
r"0"G) those who lend on interest; B. Met*. 62 a ; a. fr. 
— itlba creditor, v. supra. 

1 1 >, ffsl > ch. same, 1) to join, cling to. Targ. II Sam. 
XX, 2 (h. text pan). — 2) to join a caravan, travel with. 
—Hull. 7 a Viwro illlbl Kr*a HfMl an Arab that had 
been travelling with them. — 3) to escort, v. infra. 

Pa. ""fe "">3? to escort. Targ. Y. II Gen. XXVUI, 12 
T&* (Y. I'pib ',13^ni).— Gen. E. 8. 48, end 13b, v. $0*1, 
Tosef. Keth. VII, 6 -g^ta "*£ (ed. Zuck. ^lb.Var. "jb -pb^l, 
read: "jllbii) escort (the dead) that people may escort 
thee ; Y. ib. VH, 3 1 b bot. frib^i ""lib (not «r6) ; Bab. ib. 72 a 
ni3*l3i *wbl him who escorted, people will escort; a. e. 

Af. '"vjbs? same. Targ. Gen. XII, 20. Ib. 0. XVUI, 16 
yiniJtilbxb ed. Berl. (some ed. '(inn^lbitb ; Y. ftntfofb; 
h.text cnb'rb); a. e.— Sot. 40 b '21 "ib Vnibx walked with 
E. A. (on dismissing him) from &c. ; Ber. 31 a fT^lbX; a. fr. 

n l>?, v. "Wibx. 
">lb, v . mb. 

T . t : 

'... 0>. h.) P r - n - Levi, 1) the son of Jacob, progenitor 
of the tribe of Levi. Gen. R. s. 19, a. e. '21 'b las Levi 
arose and brought her (the Shekhinah) down &c. Ex. 
E. s. 1; a. fr.— 2) 'b 030; or 'b the tribe of Levi; 'b "p or 
'b a Levite. Yoma 26 a 'b liSiaa in&tl a descendant of the 
tribe of Levi. — Hor. Ill, 8 '21 'b 'bb Clip ",ri2 a priest goes 
before a Levite (in religious privileges), a Levite before 
an Israelite. Gitt. V, 8. Ib. VIH, 5 'b nn if she is the 
daughter of a Levite. Arakh. IX, 8; a. fr.— PI. C^lb. D*lb 
Levites. Hull. I, 6; a. fr. — 3) name of several Amoraiin, 
esp. Levi, or L. bar Sisi, disciple of E. Jehudah han-Nasi 
(v. Fr. M'bo, p. 110 b ). Y. Yeb. XII, 13 a top. Pes. 76 b ; a. 
fr.— 4) (law) a fictitious name. B. Bath. 43 b ; a. fr. 

fcOlb, nSl^, ' n * m. ch. (preced.) Levite. Targ. 0. 
Ex. iV, 14 (Y. T ^b, corr. ace.). — Hull. 131 a .— PI. SOlb, 
T T ?, **. [Ezra VI, 16.]— Targ. Ez. XLIV, 15: a. fr. — Y. 
Maas. Sh. V, 56 b bot. ; a. e. 

uN J >> > \J> j)r.n.Bar-Livianus,n&me of a family 
(gens). Hu'lh 87 a ; cmp. "S^Elb. 

n"!^, n" i, "l^ I f. Olb) 1) Levite, daughter or wife of 
a Levite. Y. Yeb. X, 10* 1 top; Tosef. ib. VIH, 2. Bekh. 
47 a ; a. fr. — 2) the community of Levites, status of Le- 
vites. Ex. E. s. 1 'bl il3in2 VQ priestly and Levite families. 
Y. Maas. Sh. V, end, 56 d *bl roiPD 1PO0 friends of priestly 
or Levite families. Bekh. 1. c. yniUB 'bl 1131.12 the priests 
and the Levites are exempt; a. e. — 3) the community of 
the attendants of the Tabernacle, priests a?id Levites. Sifre 
Num. 1 ; a. e. — 4) the Levitical offices. Ex. E. s. 5 b-13 tit 
'21 'b ",ni31 Si3lii2 the one (Aaron) took the priesthood and 
gave (Moses) the Levite offices; the other took the Levite 
offices &c; (Tanh. Sh'moth 27 ri23a); a. e. 


njlb, TV^b II or TVT} f. (nji) 1) consor/, wife. 
Yoma 54 '' top T (ref. to rvnbl, i Kings VII, 36), v. fins II.— 
2) (v. next w.) the wailing woman's company. Y. M. Kat. 
I, 80 d top, [read:] "WW ffftti "Wl... Wy*1^ ^^« T f g n Kb 
fifi^pb a woman must not stir up her company for wail- 
ing during the festive week; R. N. read livyatha (with 
ref. to jrwfc 1-nr> Job III, 8 ; cmp. Knvi^K). 

I i^]V> ' J l5f. (fills) escort, company, esp. the trav- 
eller's escort for protection. Sot. IX, 6 'b Kbn *TBTfiTn and 
we let him (the stranger) go without protection ; (Y. ib. 
IX, 23 d bot. fi"«lbn). Bab. ib. 46 b 'bb "pBIS we may force 
(the inhabitans of a place) to provide escorts for trav- 
ellers. Ib. '31 'b lb pKl . . -|bfiafi he who travels on the 
road and has no company, let him be engaged in study 
of the Law (ref. to PM^ Prov. I, 9) ; Erub. 54 a . Hull. 7 a 
'b ta fellow-travellers. Midr. Till, to Ps. CIV, 1 "pbx Km 

fT?^ (o r 1*77$) tfa y God be th y escort ; a - e - 

DTO "1 > pr. n. m. Levitas (Lat. Levites). Ab. IV, 4. 

fcCPlb, *Vp, ^Tp^i b, escort; caravan. 
Gen. R. 's. 16, beg.; Y. T YomaIV, 41 d top (ref. to Gen. II, 
12) IFyjjYlVs. . . . tfQfta happy he in whose house it is, 
happy he in whose company it is (on travelling) ; Ex. R. 
s. 35, beg. ; a. e.— Gen. R. s. 92 fob "OS K3K 'Vl IplB (not 
"jl3? IplB) leave now, for I have arranged on escort for 
you; Yalk. ib. 150.— Lam. 1, 1 C3T\Ka in 7) ''■JWI Tl5 
'3 walk quickly that we may reach the caravan. Ib. tYW 
•,13'vap *? is there a caravan ahead of us? 

wpb, v. tigtfe 

p n ib,v.^b. 
srmb, v. Bffrvni. 

TT! . t :t : 

jH^" >> ] I" m. (b. h.) Leviathan, a legendary sea-an- 
imal reserved, with B'hemoth, for the righteous in the 
hereafter. Lev. R. s. 13, v. niafiS. Ib. s. 22, end. Ab. Zar. 
3 b ; a. fr. — M. Kat. 25 b (in a wailing song) 'b a great 
man, opp. pp"i *2!~i the fish of the swamp, common hu- 
manity (v. d-ITX). 

698 a^fc 

>\J a word in an incantation against thirst. Pes. 112" 
(Ms. M. b-h). 

jroft, v. ™b. 

v. next w. 

DZpiJ adv. (Xo£ov, v. "(lO^bx) athwart, crossivise ; di- 
agonally. Kel. XVIII, 5, v. flBX&L. Bern. VII, 8 *WJ bd13 
'b he must take two barrels from diagonally oppo- 
site corners. Ib. 'b fifiK fillO one row of barrels following 
the diagonal line. Y. Kil. IV, 29 c top 'pzb Tliad (R. S. to 
Kil. IV, 6 "|1D23X) when he measures by diagonal lines. 
Y. Yoma V, 42 d bot. 'b VOBb fin^fiUJ Ha yTl except that 
(corner of the altar) which was diagonally opposite to 
him. Lam. R. introd. (R. Josh. 1) '31 y n jgft 1fi"TO ttJTlfi 
ploughed his field crosswise and put up an image in the 
center &c. ; a. e. 

5*15 m. (b. h.; contr. of bs>b, apocop. of rb;?b = ;;•'"•, 
cmp. formation of ~d3; cmp. bbs, Ws%3>, bvb'Jl) l)ivind- 
ing pathway, passage way, esp. o swaW room tvith a 
staircase leading up to the upper rooms (v. Sm. Ant.s. 
v. House, Amer. ed. 1858, p. 519 il ). Men. 34 a "ja fiWB 'b 
•"fibsb rPdfi a small room opening (leading) from the 
ground floor to the upper room. Pes. 34 ;i fi^fi IBp 'b 
'31 there was a small passage way between the graded 
ascent (1ZJ33) and the altar; ib. 77 a (Zeb.62 b T>1K; ib. 104 u 
ltm)r- H. V&fo, ftyb. Y. Erub. VII, beg. 24 b msb Ifia 
'b 1^1 how about connecting two dwellings for Sabbath 
purposes by the way of the staircases (leading to the 
roofs)?— Y. Yoma I, 38 c ; Y. Meg. IV, 75 c bot. 5"2 ibx 'b 
'31 lbx staircases above each other (well-hole) require 
M'zuzah, (to be furnished by him) who has the right of 
use of the lower threshold. Pes. 8 a ; Yoma ll a "pnal 'b the 
staircase rooms and the provision room ; [comment, refer 
to Nr. 3, v. infra]. Midd. IV, 5 ; Pes. 26 a '31 "pfiinB IT! 'bl 
there were small passages in the loft leading to the Holy 
of Holies through which mechanics were lowered in 
boxes (closed elevators). — 2) (anat.) a passage from the 
vestibulum vaginae (lYTrnB). Nidd. 17 b , v. ft*$9. — 3) 'b 
tnbl53"in b'O hen-roost. Sabb. 102 b '31 'ba 3pD ITOWl he 
who makes a hole (for ventilation) in a hen-roost; ib. 
146 a '31 bus 'b dlUa in order to prevent making a hole 
in a hen-roost which is done for ventilation. Ib. 122 b ; 
a. e. — PI. as ab. Pes. 8 a ; Yoma ll a pfWI 'b hen-roosts 
&c, v. supra. 

!S>" ch. same, small room tvith a staircase. Y.Yoma 
I, 38 c ] Y. Meg. IV, 75 c bot. '31 TOS film K3>b">K 'tl 'b the 
Lul of R. II. which was made (with reference to the 
law of M'zuzah) in agreement with the opinions of the 

rriab^, v. i** 

^!y\J m. (=3bdb; v. db3.b) 1) sprout. Esp. Lulab, the 
branch of the palm-tree used for the festive wreath on 
the Feast of Booths (Lev. XXIII, 40) ; also the festive 
wreath of the four species combined. Succ. Ill, 1 blttfi 'b 
'31 a palm-branch unlawfully acquired or one dried up. 
Ib. 4 IfiK 'b one branch of the palm-tree is needed for 
the festive wreath. Ib. 9 bld^b 'b TTQ fi"fi Kbl . . . TO a 
traveller on the road who had no opportunity of per- 
forming the ceremony of taking the festive wreath in 
hand. Ib. 'bb 1453 d1"fi b3 the entire day is fit (no special 
time of the day is designated) for the ceremony &c. Ib. 
1 2 ; R. Hash. IV, 3 '31 UJipan . . . 'b(fi) ITU the ceremony of 
Lulab was performed in the Temple seven days &c; Succ. 
46 a '31 'b nisa -,im-i dV on the first day it is the Biblical 
law of Lulab which is carried out, on the following days 
it is the carrying out of an ordinance of the elders; a. 
fr.— PI. d^dblb, Tnbsib. Orl. I, 7. 'bfil d^brfi leaves and 
eatable young sprouts. Shebi. VII, 5, a. e. d^Tff ^b^ib. 
v. *Prt. Ber. 55 a ,a. e. d^Bl 'b sprouts of grape-vine; Yoma 




81 lj , v. abnb. — Gen. R. s. 41, beg. 33n*> t n&tif its branches I 
are used for praise (v. Vrn); Num. R. s. 3, beg., v. 3*'-""; 
Midr. Till, to Ps. XCII, 13 (sing.). Succ. IV, 4 nx p3"^10 
.. — _•_.•, t nev use( i to bring their festive wreaths to 
the Temple mount &c; a. fr. — 2) pOs^P twigs used as 
brooms in the ruin e press (Rashi), cmp. X^OJX; the tico 
posts supporting the beams of the press (At.). Ab. Zar. 
75 a ; Y.ib.V,end,45 b ;Nidd.65 a ; Tosef.Toh.XI,16; Tosef. 
Ab. Zar. VIII (IX), 3. 

SZ"^*, X—*"']™ ch. same, esp. palm-branch, palm- 
tree. Targ. Cant. VII, 9 (h. text Tan).— Succ. 32 a ^XOO 

xin 'bn e^non niso ^xm ed. (Ms. Kin obi? nisn . . .) how 

do you know that this kappoth (Lev. XXIII, 40) means 
a green sprout? — B. Kam. 96 a '21 '*b"b 3Tin pta "^xn, v. 
xurn. Gen. R. s. 6 '21 1\i&fo "Op nxi ",n when thou tiest 
thy Lulab (for the Succoth festival), tie thy feet (stop 
travelling); Y. Sabb. II, 5 b ; Talk. Is. 317. — PI. pOPlb, 
-,"-'-• 'p. ""PIP. Targ. Lev. XXIII, 40. [Targ. II Esth. HI, 
8 xrobib, v. next w.]— Targ. Ps. 1, 3, v. X0303.— Ab. Zar. 57 a 
'SrW WI(Mb.M. W^ tmmA) took branches down. 

ib. trWn man (some ed. xoipibi, Ms. m. sa*»Vft r"i). 

S-'Z"*> m. (preced.) palm -gardens. Targ. II Esth. 
Ill, 8 X3:03& (ed. Lag. X30313, corr. ace.) our palm- 

"j""l*, Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. II, 3 '3 IX, v. psibiX. 

C 'l'"Z>, Midr. Sam. ch. II, read Y'lO "fi& (v. Yalk. 
Sam. 78). 

^'yO {., pi. nixb^ib (b. h.; redupl. of nib) loops, coup- 
lings. Yalk. Esth. 1048. Sabb. 99 a top *31 'bo pOlp f*n 
the hooks in the loops looked like stars on the sky; Yalk. 
Ex. 370; a. e. 

oij&cb-b, -:s-:-b, ratf^b,™* *•**. 

sybib i, v. ka*. 

*S3" l b ! !> II pr. n. m. Zufc&a. Y. Orl. II, beg., 61 d *1 | 
'b in ITTp; Y. Ab. Zar. II, beg. 40 c 'b "B 'n 'n Fr. (in 
M'bo, p. 83 b ), ed. *¥*$*& q- v. 

"jVv'U, "j" 1 **^, Ab. Zar. 18 b , read f*fib (ludi) #ames, 

V. p-|30. 

iJ <"i^> C*"" pr. n. m. Lulianus (popular cor- 
rupt, of Julianus) 1) name of an influential man who 
suffered a martyr's death together with one Papus. Sifra 
B'huck., Par. 2, ch. V (ref. to Lev. XXVI, 19, v. nxs) 
'31 -moobx *Vl ttrm -p DISS JCB like P. son of Judah 
and L. the Alexandrian and his associates. Y. Taan. II, 
66 a top 'SI 'b . . . cr the day on which L. and P. were 
put to death; Bab. ib. 18 b *$*J v. fr., v. tCp-fl;.— 2) 'b 
X=bo King (emperor) Julian. Y. Ned. Ill, 3V bot.; (Y. 
Shebu. Ill, 34 d Oirx^bpin). 

*3"^bl5, 'fc^blb, *JW pr. n. m. (preced.) (son of) 
Lufian (Julian). T Cant. R. to IV, 12 [read:] piip Ttl xb 

'"=... hmmVl Oisn plXib they did not change Reuben 
into Rufus, or Judah into Juliani; Lev. R. s. 32 (corr. 
ace.).— Y. Ned. Ill, beg. 37 d 'b* "Q n^Tt *"j ed. Krot.; Y. 
Yoma H, 39 d ; Y. Naz. IV, 53 c top; a. fr. 

TC'T^/O, '&*p*ti, '1*^ f. (preced. wds.; sub. 
"•■on) Lulian style of hair-cutting, clipped hair. Ned. 
51 a (expl. Wfitf< Q1D= Ez. XLIV,20)'b pro like the L. style, 
expl. nx"Pn^ t) 'the style of a distinguished person', IGMn 
'31 nt Vo the top of one (row of hair) touching the root 
of the other; Snh. 22 b 'b niSOn poo. 

srrbib, v. «#*. 
ma"obib,v.^ ? ib. 


T T : t t : - 

XZilx 1 m. (popular corrupt, of nummus= sestertius) 
sesterce (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Sestertius). — PI. "VM?. Ab. Zar. 
34 b W& 'no . . . XOlbo Gallon XOCp Ar. (ed. . . xrO-p 
'01 noibo . . ; Ms. M. omits ioib) a xestos of brine sells 
for one numtnus, while one of wine sells for four nummi. 
—Tosef. Dem. Ill, 12 '=1 nC3 rTVB po^? . . . ^50 (R. S. to 
ib.II, 5 |flrt read: pB-lb or pS«=voou.u.tov) as to baskets 
of figs or grapes and piles of vegetables, quantities sold 
for a nummus (and upward) are considered wholesale, 
those sold for less than a nummus, retail; Y. ib. II, end, 
23 a '01 TTsSim 'OO r\p*l mo -JOS (read: 13 for O; R. S. L 
c. pO* 1 ?) a quantity sold for a nummus (or less) is retail, 
for more than a nummus is wholesale. 

S IZj i>j v. preced. 

nOD2l5, Y. Hor. I, 46 a top, read n02o 3101. 

"|", *P™ I (b. h.) to stay over night, to take (night-) 
lodging; to be kept over night. Num. R. s. 12, beg. (ref. 

to Ps. xci, 1) nonn tytffy eio :£», v. nrt. lb. ..n"opn 

"Cbxa pbb mxni the Lord . . is desirous to lodge under 
our shade (Tabernacle). Snh. VI, 4 ",b 0X1 but if his body 
was allowed to hang over night. Pes. 42 a soblO D^O water 
which has been kept in vessels over night (misunderstood 
for 'our water', v. n-Q). Ber. 18 b niTOpn n^OO "p" 1 and 
stayed over night in the burial ground; a. fr. — [Gen. R. 
s. 60, distinction between p*P3, Gen. XXTV, 23 and pV?, 
ib. 25, v. «*&] 

Eif. '^r\ to keep over night. B. Kam. 99 a O110O 1015 
pbn 30 (X^) transgresses the law which says, (Lev. XIX, 
13) T 'thou shalt not &c.'; B. Mets. IX, 12 D110O "Z VT 
'Z', rttl X*3 the prohibition to keep the wages of the hired 
man over night applies to it; ib. lll b ; a. fr.— Esp. to leave 
a corpse unburied over night. Snh. VI, 5 'ol nx "tfbtjfi ~z 
whosoever postpones the burial of his dead transgresses 
a prohibitory law (ref. to Deut. XXI, 23 in its general 
application); '01 111003 i^n but if one kept him over 
night for his honor's sake (to prepare a more honorable 
burial) &c. : a. fr.— V. r\$*2. 

Hithpol. pisnn, Nithpol. "isipn: to seek shelter; to tab 
refuge. Num. R. 1. c. (ref. to Ps. 1. c.) [read:] pi'prn "mr 




'31 "jls MU5SU) ?XB. Almighty, be pleased to lodge in the 
shade which Bezaleel has made for thee. Yalk. Job 906 
fsn WW 1331^12" Ol3a DM? V3* have a place of refuge 
where to find shelter from the judgment of Gehenna; 
(Yalk. Jud. 41 1?S3^). 

V0 II (b. h.; cmp. Mlb) to join. 

Nif. Y&3, Sif. "p!rM (cmp. bM£) to rise against, murmur, 
rebel. Ex. R. s. 25 '31 rTtl W&Mia fPO when they rebelled, 
it would have been necessary that the anger (of the 
Lord) &c. 

Hithpol. ",3i?nM same. Tosef. B. Bath. VII, 9 D^33i?rr?n 
'31 D^JlaMI the rebellious (Num. XIV, sq.) and the spies 
. . . took no share &c. 

Ipb = jWb, unto them. Y. Ber. Ill, 6 b top ; a. fr. 

rn&raib, rrvoaib, v. ^& 

n^DDv f. (v. M^3:i?Xl) bathing clothes, sheet. Y.Sabb. 
1, 3 a top '?3 CpatYVBa from the time he wraps himself up in 
a sheet (for hair-cutting). lb. IX, 12 a bot. ; a. e. (interch. 
with ni»31?N).— PI. ni*D31?. lb. Ill, 6 a ; Tosef. ib. XVI 
(XVII), 15 ttttnaji Var.; a. e. 


T : t : • 

CSJj", v. next w. 
t : 

"0D"D f.(XoY^Tf)) spear-head,lance, javelin.— P/.M^asib, 
niK-osi?. Snh. i4 a ?na ?ia '? ... in mss Ar. (ed. niK-oii?. 

Ms. M. ni131?, Ms. F. TffWft ; v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) they 
stuck into his body three hundred iron spear-heads ; Ab. 
Zar. 8 b (ed. WUWVft, Ms. M. nV3?21?). Sot. 1, 8 (9 b ) niinsi?; 
Num. R. s. 9 MWHSI? some ed. (corr. ace); a. e. — Ch. 
SO 313. Snh. 110 a bot. '? fb*S Ar. (ed. small ^*0) around 
the spear-head; B. Bath. 74 a .— PI. 'Ojfc. Gitt. 70 a Ar., v. 


pr. n. m. Lms. Gitt. ll b , v. WHb 

3?i^ m. (b.h. ?'?; 5>2>3 or SI?, cmp. Sft, a. SOtte) jaw. Gen. 
R. s. 81; Yalk. Prov. 959 (ref. to S&J, Prov. XX, 25) 331S* 
15132 D^lElp who chews sacred things with his jaw. Ib. ; 
Snh. 58 b (ref. to Prov. 1. c.) '31 13>i? 1D1DM he who strikes 
an Israelite's jaw, is regarded as if striking the Shekhinah. 

SSH3, ,r ch. same. Targ. O.Deut. XVIII, 3 (Y. S^rVi?, 
h. text D^M?). Targ. I Sam. XVII, 35; a. e.— Sabb. 54 1 ' 
(expl. D?1D) '? "O Ms. M. (ed. '3 *% v. Rabb.D. S.a.l.note) 
a bandage or bar under the jaw to prevent friction. Ib. 
67 a , v. "IBM. Snh. 18 b ; Y. ib. I, 18 c hot. MS13, v. MB?. 

S l" l>> v. preced. 

!7ib, v. $. 

*j l~ m. (cmp. MBb) Jo/", a plant similar to colocasia, 
with edible leaves and root, and bearing beans. [It is 
classified with onions and garlic] Peah VI, 10. Shebi. 
V, 2 '31 '3M MSt fCHBft he who puts lof in the ground for 
preservation in the Sabbatical year. Y. ib. 35 (1 bot. [read:] 

IMa D^HB '? IVO 13> so much about lof; how about oni- 
ons? (Answ.) D^lta SOM '? SOM the same law applies to 
lof and to onions. Ib. (ref. to Mish. 3) '31 MBltt) '? "«bsa 
the Mishnah speaks of leaves- of the wild lof, i. e. lof train- 
ed for the leaves. Ib. VII, 1 MDTOM '? M?3> the (edible) 
leaves of the wild lof; ib. 2 'IBM '? 1p3> the (inedible) root 
of &c. Sabb. XVIII, 1 '31 '33 IVra permits the handling of 
(the beans) of lof, because it may be used as food for 
ravens. Tosef. Maasr. Ill, 10 '?M niaia (ed. Zuck. nai3) lof 
preserved in pits, v. supra. Y. Erub. Ill, beg. 20 c DpblpMl '?M 
the bean of the lof and of the colocasia (not eaten raw), 
a. fr. 

P]*l^ (cmp. KBV, ft]S&) to join. B. Bath. 4 a bot. M^IBM T\St 
M">3 tp?l (ed. M^13M M^? '?) his neighbor may go to work 
and join (a front) to the hedge (v. M*nM). — Part. pass. 
CF$i CT&pkVfti *&%* ? ul1 - H a '^ N3^M when it remains 
joined (to the body), opp. *"«»? "pnM. Ib. 107 a *tn*b C)W 
(fr. t]Efe) the waters are considered as connected. B.Mets. 
100 b ■ ywV 'Q Ar. (ed. iB3^13, corr. ace; Ms. M. isbnB, 
Ms. H. a. oth. "V^TQ, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) when the 
goods are not yet cut. Shebu. 43 a ■tt'wVra (Ms. P. "^Vn, 
v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 5) when the girdle consists of 
pieces sewed together. 

"©"D m. pi. (C]Bl?), '? FP3 place of coupling, border 
(= b'.'h. M'lSMa). Targ. O. Ex. XXVI, 4 (Y. WW?) ; Y. a. 
O. ib. XXXVI, 11, sq.; a. e. 

Wb, v. y%&. 

J D'~, J \mX pr. n. m. (prob. corresp. to Joviani, 
cmp! ■^S^bn?') Bar Lufiani. Esth. R. to I, 4. Cmp. 013SO13. 

"PD "D (1D"0) m. (cmp. "Bi?) owe having thick and 
connected eye-brows. Bekh. 44 a "pBl? (Ar. IB" 1 ?, v. Koh. Ar. 
Compl. s. v. note); Tosef. ib. V, 9 T*M? ed. Zuck. (Var. 

rvfo, wb), v. ttff. 

ymh v. w?. 
cs"ft v. W-&. 

"1D ; l* ("llD^^J m. (prob. corrupted fr. XoY^o^opo; 
or oopocpopoc; cmp. MXSB'i'n) spear-bearer, guardsman, 
satellite. Num. R. s. 10 DffiSMl '?M N31 and the guards- 
man came and arrested them (the revellers). — PI. D^BI?, 
ynBI?, "iBi?. Gen. R. s. 61 (ref. to Gen. XXV, 3, which 
verse must be inserted in the Midrash text.) [read:] 
niaia xnaix 'W'Vi '? ^n 'paiso "j^aaina yon*! a"s» 
"JM maiX although they render (the words ashshurim &c.) 
by 'merchants', 'satellites' and 'chiefs of tribes', yet they 
are all names of tribes; Yalk. Chron. 1073; v. "pTfiwJJJ. 
Pesik. V'zoth, p. 196 b 1?l» *p"i^Bl?? tal he motioned to his 
guardsmen, and they stabbed him; Yalk. Deut. 950 D^"P21?? 
(corr. ace); Yalk. Sam. 151 'p'MSl?? 1JO (corr. ace). 

XHDV (v. ^Bi?) cotiplings. B. Bath. 6 a '?1 Wlpa 
(Ms. M. XMB^BI KM3p3, read '3"ip3) if a neighbor built 
against the party wall in an angle and joined his wall 

r b 



to it with couplings; [Ar. rWI "~p3* '~Z if a neighbor 
joined a previously erected structure to the party wall 
or built against the latter in an angle]. 

715, 7" 5(b. h. : cmp.'Jlb IV) to talk, esp. to scorn, scoff. 
Ah. Zar. 18 1 ' (ref. to Ps. I, 1) ytib 1E10 3W CX if he sits 
(with scorners), he will finally scoff; '=1 "53X1 and if he 
scoffs, the Scripture says of him &c; Midr. Till, to Ps. I, 1. 

Bif. Y^>t} 1) (with ~nx) to talk behind a person, sneer, 
deride. Ex. R. s. 52 beg. vnnx fip'bia W they derided 
him (Moses); (Yalk. ib. 417 t4» n^i:ibr3). lb. tTVSfyc 
HOT "inx (Yalk. 1. c. Sisters) ; a. e. — 2) (with TS3) to 
speak in behalf of ; to defend; to interpret. — Gen. R. s. 
91 (ref. to Gen. XL1I, 23) nr:3 !TT 'prcr\ 'the interpreter' 
that means Manasseh. 

Hithpol. Vsftrnni to talk frivolously, make I ght of, 
scoff. Ab. Zar. 1. c. '=1 "p'W* "fXftHDn bs whoever speaks 
frivolously will be visited with suffering. Ib. (in Chald. 
diet.) I beg you ttXibrtl xbl not to scoff. Kidd. 81 a ITUl 
tmSS "nQTSa pxibrva (Rashi : nni^sn) made light of sinners 
(Rashi: of sin) (spoke as though temptation could never 
have power over him). Yalk. Ex. 1. c, v. supra. Midr. 
Piov. to I. 6, v. tVPbv ; a. e. 

pb, v. pbV 

"p!3, Ruth R. to II, 7, v. X'jpib. . 

0*^2 2 m I2"ip m. pi. (locum tenentes) lieutenants, 
riceroys'. Midr. Till, to Ps. CXLIX [read :] V* T'13 "jbfl 
'"; l; r* S":i1 lb a human king has a dux, has governors. 
[Our w. is a gloss to a word in the text which is now 
missing, prob. W*VD -• — Editions vary between OiU^wlpl::, 
r"J"_-p*r &c. V. Mus. s. v. in Ar. ed. Koh.] 

C ll""i^ m. 1) (Xuzo;) wolf, an opprobious epithet of 
the altar. Succ. 56 b ; Tosef.ib.IV, 28 0*pib ed.Zuck.(corr. 
ace.) ; Y. ib. V, end, 55 d .— 2) pr. n. m. Olplb, t^p" 1 ', TP^- 
read Oi"pib Lucius, v. W*a. 

!tf — P*5 m. (-pb) picking, pinch; 'b 'b in small quan- 
tities. Vam.R. to 1, 1 ("TOM) 'b 'b 1? mm xb(Ar.X"J£'::::p 
q v.) wilt thou not sell me (pepper) at retail? — Ruth R. 
to II, 7 (expl. --V2 r.'Zn i-irrr, ib.) [read:] X'jplb nrsr 
'31 n*-2'£ nr*xb she took up a small quantity (of the 
ears) for her who was in the house (Naomi), who was 
looking out for her. 

"l—p"*, Gen. E. s. 61 'b X"n pffl Ar., read with Yalk. 
ib. 1 10 m-jp "ttaV "-•: x'n •p'tn (ed. *bl mV«e icrtJ pTn). 

"2S"p"~, S p". *i> n!? m. pi. (Xioxdtov) a flower 
of the genus levcoinm, snow-flakes. Bekh. 45 b a man cried 
out, "nm r O IItPKl '5 "Wl 1*W (Rashi "C^pib; Ar. "OpTfl^v. 
next w.) who wants to buy levcoiumsl, and it was found 
to be white flowers (snow-flakes). [Rashi: white lambs.] 

Cpl^, v. oipib. 
||' [o ' !^> ■f'i m - ( a denom. of Kvjy.r t , a kind of 

elephantiasis) one who is ichite-spotted in the face. Bekh 
VII, 6 '=5 ed. (Rashi Tft); ib. 45 b expl. SOTn (from an- 
alogy with "CXipib, v. pieced.); Tosef. ib.V, 9 p^lb (read 
'lib). Tosef. Ber. VII (VI), 3 pllb ed. Zuck. (Var. ypib); 
Y. ib. IX, 13 ,J bot. 'lib; Sifra Emor, Par. 3 ; ch. Ill '3b; 
Ber. 58 b 'lib (Ms. M. 'lib, corr. ace). 

xryop^, v. xn^ppb. 
OTamb, v. ifen*. 

"&13 (b. h.) to knead. Sabb. VII, 2 'iter; he who kneads 
(on the Sabbath). Y. ib. VII, 10 b bot., a! fr. »i tJTOjJ 3TT1 
is guilty of an act coming under the category of knead- 
ing (v. DlVo). Pes. 30 a , a. e. '21 rx f^b 'pX you must not 
knead dough (of bread) with milk; a. v. fr. — Part. pass. 
BJift, fr. ft&b. Y. Sot. IX, 24 b bot. '31 ttCTtJ 'b kneaded 
with honey and cream (Bab. ib.48 b, 3in;;te-:rn5- | rb!T3Ti). 

i\ T i/*. ui;:, tJft"«a to &e kneaded. Pes. 35 u rrtJSirgtt no" 1 :? 
'31 dough kneaded with wine, oil or honey. Sot. 48 b , v. 
supra. Men. V, 2 (55 a ) "p*TjJl23 PWjfta (Bab. ed. ttW^?) 
must be kneaded with tepid water; a. fr. — Yalk. Prov. 
959 (etymol. of 1275) W8» ttrftS SIS fctt TStt EM i? (not »Vo) 
man's flesh is kneaded between his (the lion's) teeth; Ab. 
d'R. N. II Vers. ch. XLI1I (ed. Schechter, p. 122) \OtVO 

psa fto vsz prifta (not 7«tow). 

*&1> ch. same. Targ. 0. Gen. XVIII, 6. Targ. Hos. 
VII, 4 "i : 53T ptra ed. Lag. (oth. ed. 'c\"-Q-i, B5s!»^n) from 
the time of kneading. — Part. pass. 'd~ib. Targ. 0. Num. 
XI, 8 (h. text TO?).— -Pes. 36 a '31 1? ?ir>':r xb do not knead 
(the bread on Passover) for me with &c. Pesik R. s. 22 
'Z* ^V? r?TX went to knead (and bake her bread) at her 
neighbor's; Lev. R. s. 6 -3"p;; a. e. 

rfl<, D"ll 5 (v. W, tin) unto; ivith. Targ. Gen. II, 19 
rib (constr.): a. v. fr. — With suff. "^nib, ^ni*3 &c. unto me, 
unto thee &c. lb. XXXIX, 15, sq. (h. text Wx) ; a. v. fr — 
r'fea /rom the presence of. Targ. Ex. IX, 33; a. e. — B. 
Kam. 1 1 1 ,J ; B. Mets. 62 b bot. Till? pS3 ...MeyOtJ *S when 
I die, R. O. shall come to meet me ; a. fr. 

P, v. ten. 

T T - 

Sf!p, to fitp, mow. Targ. Prov. IV, 21 ",T5: Ms.; v. 

O)", v. tata^. 
"?b, v. ten. 

Tll^ f. (b. h.; M? IV), constr. rite eft/ fatt. Yeb. 24 h ; 
Keth. 22 b (quot. fr. Prov. IV, 24). 

n " m. (b. h. ; Hfi? to be sticky, sappy, fresh) moist,green, 
fresh; liquid; opp. -2\ Dem. II, 3 UJS^I Tvs either fresh 
or dried fruits. Ib. 5 "Oil rteai in selling fresh fruits 
(or liquids), a denar's worth is' wholesale; Y. ib. II, end, 
23 a '31 rteb DT21 "OW for fresh fruit they adopt the stand- 
ard of value, for dried that of quantity (cmp. X"31P) ; Tosef. 
ib. Ill, 1 2 yn rteai and for liquids the standard is a JSin. 
Gen. R. s. 79, beg. (play on n?3, Job V, 26) '31 nb X3r 







thou shalt die in the possession of vigor (cmp. Deut. 
\ XXIV, 7); a. fr.—Fcm. nnb. Sabb.49 a '3 D1D3 a moist 
garment; a. fr. — PI. o^nb, firfe; nin?. lb. "pass nans 'V 
W naturally moist, inx "Oi nana '3 moist through some 
incident. Y. Ber. I, 2 C bot. '31 D^am Ttl '3 the heavens 
were liquid . . ., and on the second day they congealed 
(v. iba); Gen. R. s. 4, beg. DTPlSSa TNI '3 (corr. ace); a. 
fr.— V. nnb. 

n5 m., v. nnb. 

fcnni v. nnil. 

t -: _ 

nn^, nriv f. (b. h. nb; v. nb) moisture, secretion. 
Sifre T Deut. 357 (ref. to Deut. XXX IV, 7) nhb 03 xb n"X 
'=1 nmiB '3... 3D, fttJW nnb 03 X3X read not, 'his moist- 
ure (vigor) had not failed' but 'was not failing now' 
(that he was dead) (i.e. 03 is not meant for the perfect 
tense but for the partic. present), whoever touched Moses' 
body, felt moisture burst forth from it in all directions} 
Yalk. ib. 963. Shebi. II, 1 *#\ nbsntfJ 15 until the moisture 
in the ground is gone; Y. ib. 33 c '3 X3n *jXa what Tannai 
is it that makes moisture a condition? — Sabb. 107 a X^Xinb 
'b rTMW to let the pus escape. Makhsh. VI, 7 ttrrno '3tt 
ill-smelling moisture (purulent substance); a. fr. — Trnsf. 
nriTO '3 (prodiict of) ill-smelling secretion, i.e. man. Cant. 
R. to VII, 9 'O '3 SWl ^X Oh, thou wicked mortal ! Ex. R. 
8. 20; a. e. 

Nnainb, v. ^nb. 

T T .' t : • 

"Tin!?, "l*n* adv. (v. "in II) 1) singly, separately, only. 
Targ. Ex". XXVI,' 9 (h. text 133). Targ. Gen. VI, 5 (h. text 
p"i); — Taan. 21 b '3 "TOl '3 ■nQS the men separately 
and the women separately. Ber. 2 1 ' "jnsi 'b XWiu W 
'3 x"WVU there is a separate (different) standard of time 
for the poor man (when he goes to his meal) and an- 
other for the priest (when he goes to eat T'rumah), 
opp. irWB in the same time. Hull. 55 a -jmsi '3 api3 
'3 a perforated milt is one thing, and a removed one 
another (the laws are different); a. fr. — With suff. "Hinb, 
"ninba for, by myself, -ftfrfe, ^nba for, by thyself &c. 
Targ. Num. XI, 14. Targ. 6. Ex. XVIII, 14 -pinbS; Y. 
SftWig^j a. fr. — B. Kam. 38 a n-Q3.b ft+ftoh 6W1 blX Ms. 
fit* (ed. n^35 iXTinb, corr. ace.) he went to him by himself. 
Men. 38 a OTTO "in 33 each for itself (one independent 
of the other), opp. ina II P>H"tt'l both combined as one; a. 
fr. — 'baj (=h. nabai, v. -QUI) provided, but. Y. Ber. 1, 
3 d top "31 1W xbl 'bai provided that he does not do 
&c, v. x:"H-ir\ Y. Peah I, 16 1 ' bot. IT* jtVi xbl '31 provid- 
ed that he does not return to it (his sin); a. fr. — 2) (v. 
-nn) jointly, also (h.M). Targ. Ps LII,7. lb. CX1X, 23 Ms. 
(ed. Dinx); ib. 24. Targ. Job XXVIII, 27; a. e. 

CS 1 iMv, v. preced. 

IL'inb, y.enb. 

L ; in^, H^Hv m. (v. rnbl) flaming, red. Targ. Y. 
.Gen. XXX, 32, sq. a. e. (0. D»nr, h. text Din). 

n> I (b. h.) pr. n. pi. Lehi (v. next w). Gen. R.s.98. 

(ref. to Juc" XV, 19) '3 ia\15 Mnn Dipan the name of the 
place was i. 

"Fir ll, YD m. (b. h.; nnb; cmp. 6Wft) [joint,] \)jaw. 
Tanh Ki Thissa 18 '33 IJWhW mnib the tablets are called 
hih< n, because they must be studied with weariness of 
th', lehi (jaw). — Du. D^nb. Erub. 54 :i (play on rnb, Ex. 
XXXI, 18) '31 pVQ ?iyf> tfT« O^a OX Ms. M. (v. Rabb. 
D. 8. a. 1. note) if one will make his jaws as (untiring in 
repeating lessons as) a stone &c. Cant. R. to IV, 15; 

v, 12 (ref. to ib. 13) '3 )*V3 nxsv nabn xnntr is . . . a^nba rn 

one scholar inserts one thing, another another thing, until 
the haldkhah (decision) comes forth like jaws (well adjust- 
ed). Sabb.57 b (expl. "pl^aiO, ib. VI, 1) rn^nb 19 nb y&VGft 
ed. (Ms. M. D^nbn ir "pSWan) ornaments of the head 
which hang down so as to reach her cheeks. Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 d bot.; Lam. R. to II, 2 '31 7p?nba D^aES lb»-> grass 
will grow through thy jaws (thou shalt be dead and buri- 
ed), and the son of David shall not yet have appeared. 
Tosef. Ohol. I, 6 ',na5> T^nbm (ed. Znck. Tibm) and the 
jaw-bones count among them. Hull. X, 1 ; a. fr. — 2) va- 
rious objects resembling a jaw, or attached to another 
object; a) that part of the bridle which encompasses the. 
jatv. Kel. XI, 5. — b) the cheek-pieces of a casque. Ib. 8 
(v. Maim, comment, ed. Dehr.). — c) inserted sticks, with 
which theploughis guided. Ib. XXI, 2. — Esp. 3) lehi, a stake 
fastened in the ground by the side of a wall, serving as 
a mark or as a fictitious partition (enclosure) for the pur- 
pose of enabling the inmates of an alley to move objects, 
on the Sabbath, within the space thus enclosed (v. S'rTOT. 
Erub. 12 b nsTia Dlltta 'b a lehi is to serve the place of 
a partition (palisade), contrad. to "0*t\ dltUa a mark to 
distinguish the alley from the public road. Ib. I, 2 liafcn 
ntmpl 'b . . ."^aa the means of fitting an alley for movements 
on the Sabbath ... are a stake and a beam on top; 'bx 'i 
¥$$} 1aw R - E - says two stakes. Ib. 6 '31 "Ha** frb 
the stakes about which they speak must be ten hand- 
breadths high &c. Ib. i5 a 'b rn . .. -nbxa WWH 'b a pole 
put up accidentally (not with the intention of making it 
a Sabbath mark) . . . serves the ritual purposes of a lehi. 
Ib. 12 b 'ba "iTlMn if the alley has been made available 
for Sabbath movements by means of a lehi ; a. v. fr. 

2S n> ch. same, 1) the cheek-piece of a bridle. — PI. 
xrxins. Hos.xi,4 -pnrxinba -pnai ed. (ed.Lag. xrnnba; 
oth.ed. xnxinb/xn'ib, xrx^nb, omittingthesuffix)lengthen- 
ing (loosening) their bridles (h. text DnTlb). — 2) stake as 
a Sabbath mark, lehi, v. preced. Erub. 15 a 'b be: the lehi 
had fallen over.— V. MT«n&. 

T t t : 

_JJ x adv. (Ttb,cmp. Aeth. la-ha-ya to be beautiful ; cmp. 
tTB*,l'2i)very well, all right. Targ.Ruthlll, 13.— Gitt.67 b 
bot. 'b b"X said he to him, Very well (do so). Erub. 15* 
'b map XTabiaa as regards grain stacks, very well (they 
may have been so arranged on purpose); a. fr. 

^^tO* 't^^ f - P 1 - ( v - ^^ 2 ) P a li sa des> whence 
axi'^a n^nb,' rwrtb = (awra) ^r pr. n. pi. Fort (of Moab). 
Targ. 0. Num. XXI, 15* r.*nb; Y. rY»*»nb. Ib. 0. 28 ttT?) 



-X"" (Y. II 'SI ftrrrp 'b). In gen. fortresses 1 Targ. Esth. 
IX, 27. l ' 

•jTib, v.^. T t 

D-n",_v.=r:r. ^ 

nD'H^ f. ("'?) licking, lapping (of flames). Y. Mag. 
II, 77 1 ' bot.' ".-z-2 ",~"~:= '"-x rzr'-~ rxM WW »nd 
flaming tongues lapped them (the words) as they were 
lapped when coining down from Sinai. 

n."n~, nirpf. (v. nextw.) maidservant. — PI. 
r-:-::. T Ex.'R. s.40, end ; (Tanh. Ki Thissa 13 n-nB"J). 

wnjrp, sronb ('jTp)f. (- ( n-5,cm P .m?, to join-, 

cmp. JW, M*ib II) lj concubine (=h. sabs); 2) maidservant 

(=h. MOX)! Targ. 0. Gen. XXXV, 22 (some ed. XF ). 

Targ. Jud. VIII, 31; a. e— PI. *|rrb, KWt*, ':~b. Targ. 
I Kings XI, 3. Targ. 0. Gen. XxV, 6. Targ. Y. ib.' XX, 17. 
Targ. Job XIX, 15. 

ntttrb, v . xrrb. 

T • J T T : 

n Cn 3 f. (tirA II) 1) whisper; spell, charm. Y.Sabb. 
VI, 8 b bot. (expl. tM3ft\ Is. Ill, 20) "pm X1MH5 TSI SfWlp 
'3M M^ab? ear-rings, (namely) that which is put on the place 
where the whispering for charming purposes is done (the 
ear). — '33 in a low voice. Gen. R. s. 3, beg.; a. fr. — [Y. Ber. 
I, 3 d top, v. X'irib.].— 2) hissing (of the serpent), emission 
of venom. Ab. II, 10 '=" WDTft fhuftjl their (the scholars') 
hissing is that of &c; Num. R. s. 3, beg. — Trnsf. invidious 
talk, tale-bearing, insinuation. Pes. 57 a •jilttTMb'a *b "nx 
woe to me on account of their talk; Tosef. Men. XIII, 21 
JW** tva their mouth.— PI. nvs'-rb. Tosef. Sot. XIV, 3; 
Sot.47 b pn3 'b ' Willi) those influencing the court by means 
of secret talk or insinuations. 

?jn5 (b. h.) to lick, lap (cmp. rns). Y. Meg. I, 71 c hot. 
'=1 arm WnBfa M=rpb he licks it (the ink) off with his 
tongue (from the interspaces of the letters) so that the 
Divine Name remains intact. Hull. 142 a "£> ~*M3^ . . . ME 
Oh that the mouth which gave forth pearls must now 
lick dust!; Kidd.39 b -n>- (Pi.). Esth. R. to IV, 15 Tpfb ■>= 
'=1 'IfMl for I should have been willing to lick the shoe 
of his (Haman's) foot; a. e. 

Pi- ~~"' 5 same, esp. (of lapping flames) to lick up, dry 
1%. make glowing. B. Kam. 6 a rn MSfA (Rashi ">b) it (the 
fire) lapped his neighbor's ploughed field. Gen. R. s. 4, 
beg.; Yalk. Job 914. Y. Hag. II, 77 b bot. r=nVc, v. Mis-Tib. 
(Ruth R. to III 13 T-jnbT3). 

?\T\b ch. same. Targ. I Kings XXI, 19 (h. text pp'?). 
Ib. XVhl, 38. Targ. Mai. Ill, 19 ift iV ; ed. Lag. (some ed. 
---:- J./".; h. text CMb, v. preced.); a. e. — Ab. Zar. 28 a 
i T p ro MWMb they burned (cauterized) his shoulder (to 
get the poison out).. 

Pa. tfr6 same. Targ. Jud. VII, 5. Targ. Is. LXIV, 1 ; 
a. e. — Pes. 49 a "Z'.'S 7p~bc dish-licker. 

n^ntp m. (MMb, v. Mb) moisture. Cant. R. to II, 1 ^33 
'b ■- 'i'" there is still some moisture in it; (Midr. Till, to 

Ps. I rrrt&rby.— v. 3**. 

Sn^n> ch. same.— PI. %vbn\\ Y. Ab. Zar. H, 42 a 

t : • 

'3 mas px if it gives out juice. 

!T1 n 5 ! jr\ J } n ' 3 f. same, moisture, juice; vitality. Gen. 
R. s. 48 'b ha UPIIJ n:pT (Ar. rraibsb) old age combined 
with vitality. Ib. s. 61, beg. (ref. to inp31">, Job XIV, 7) 
lVr '3 IT that means his vitality. Snh. 49 a '31 Vs ""4 f*"© 
David was yet in full vigor. Ib. 92 b (ref. to Ez. XXXVII, 
4 ; 1 1) 'dry bones' are men ms"3 r3 'b CMS pXU3 in whom 
there is no sap of good deeds; Sot. 46 b bot.; Yalk. Kings 
226; a. e.— [Cant. R. to I, 6 'b nbri, read: PCWiVsK] 

XSTTCSnb ch. same. Y. Ab. Zar. II, 42 a M"nOX 'b the 
juice (brine of fish prepared by gentiles) is forbidden. 

rp^n", IT 1 * m. (~M3), MB 'b lapping icith the tongue 
into the mouth. Lev. R. s. 22; Pesik. Eth Korb., p. 58 a ; 
Pesik. R. s. 16; Yalk. Num. 776; Yalk. Job 926; Tanh. 
Pinh. 12 [read:] MB -JlbMb ■**> DM3 tfi *SS (not "1133?, 
M13M3) is there in them (the waters of the Jordan) enough 
(for the Behemoth) for a lapping? [or MB '3 "M3 DM3 W*) 
and there is just enough for etc.] — Ib. MB '3 ["^3] 3M3 '"X 
there is not enough &c. 

H5HO (redupl. of MM3, v. Ms) to moisten. 

Nithpa. rjbt ft ro to be moistened. Gen. R. s. 36 (expl. 
M31XM CiX,Gen.ix,20)M?3nXM MMbribro iVouniO since for 
his sake the ground became moist again (cmp. Gen. R. 
s. 33, end, quot. s. v. THJ). Y. Sabb. IV, 6 d bot. TWV 
IMbrtbpsra dry (plants) which have been moistened again, 

opp. "pass nana "Mb, v. Mb. 

nbn5 ch. same. Gen. R. s. 41 (expl. ftta, Is. LI, 23) 
Tt » UJ ' pjl>nlujfl "pPMO yy q a cfl pb^X (some ed. ip-^) those 
who make thy wounds flow, who moisten thy wounds, 

v. am. 

Dn5 1 (cmp. rib), to join, or to be joined, be inserted. 

ESf. r vtf^n to fit, insert; to tenon. Y. Sabb. XII, 13= 
'31 rx CMbaM he who inserts the shutters (of a shop): 
Y. Bets. I, 60 c DM372M (corr. ace). Cant. R. to V, 12; ib. 
to IV, 15, v. "rb. Lev. R. s. 3 (ref. to the harmonious 
parallelism of Is'. LV, 7) p^nol 0^02^311) 0->M3^ WTttrtC 
Mtb MT as one fits (with tenon and mortise) two boards 
and glues them to one another; "'""O TC '"O XIM'i" D1X3 
M^^flM (leave out MT3 MT y OT tfl, v. Ar. s. v. M32) as one 
inserts two legs of a bedstead. 

DlJ^ II (b. h.; v. preced.) to join. 

Nif. DMba (cmp. use of W{ Nithpa.) to come in (hostile) 
contact, to battle; with b of person, to assist, battle for. 
Mekh. B'shall. 2 (ref. to Ex. XIV, 14) xbx 033 DMsV. .xb 
'31 p3'3 CM;- DVob not only this time will he assist you, 
but he will always battle against your enemies. Tanh. 
Mase 6 bMftWB BM^"7^ Y'MOS when he (Sisera) went to 
war against &c. Ib. Vayera 7 (ref. tOOTlba, Job XX, 23) 
'31 C? a^anb? ftm B TOB^ BW br for the battles which they 
fought against the Lord; a. fr. 

Hithpa. onbrn to contest, dispute. Y. M. Kat. Ill, 8l d 
top '31 BTOnbtTO D^SM nx if scholars are at variance with 





one another, what concern is it to you? (B. Mets. 59 1 ' 

'=* pit rst nt DTttBto). 

□n5 111. (b. li.; fr. nnb to chew, v. Ges. H. Diet. 1 " s. v. 
^) food, bread; [Arab. m/<v<*]. Ber. V, 1 the benediction 
over bread (rB) reads: '=1 'V fcOXTan who makes t food 
Kiow out of the earth; ib. 37 1 '. Men. XI, 1 'bn Titt (sub. 
nVXffl) the two loaves of bread (Lev. XXIII, 17). lb. 'b 
P"W1 the show-bread (on the table of the Sanctuary); 
a. fr. — Trnsf. tribute, tax, salary (cmp. annona). Ruth R. 
to II, 14 rTOVo bl25 nsnb IT that is (thou shalt partake of) 
the royal maintenance! Zeb. 85 a ; Meil. 7 b nan blU to* 
i he tribute belonging to the altar (cmp. Lev. XXI, 6; 8; 
Neh. V, 14).— PL WO$. Y. Hag. Ill, end, 79 (l 'b "WB two 
sets of show-bread, opp. to *inx enb. 

Dnb, D^nb tfOnbcli. I) same. Targ. Gen. XIV, 
18. Ib. XLIIlVi ;\— Snh. 100 1 ' (from Ben Sira) IS* 
ItW ao '1 'b blS" 1 !* ^X53 if a man gays, 'wherewith shall 
I eat bread (to season it)?', take the bread from him. Ab. 
Zar. 35 h l <KBnm 'b (Ms. M. X~n3) bread baked by gentiles, 
v. PB. Ber. 42 1 ' '21 'b VOW VfO (Ms. M. X^ilS) let us go 
and dine at a certain place; a. fr. — 2) meat, flesh. Ex. R. 
s. 42 (ref. to B"2nb, Zeph. I, 17) 'b VirW& "pip IWW in 
Arabia they call meat lahtna. 

^12TD m., rPEHb f. ( = lanbfi n-a) of Bethlehem. 
Tosef.Kel. B. Mets.' VII, 1 ; Bekh. 22' 'bn rYOTl Beth- 
lehem wine jug. — PI. rriWjb. Kel. II, 2; Tosef. ib. B. 
Kam. II, 2. 

DTOiOPu f. pi. (denom. of anb) a sort of bread offer- 
ed as dessert, wafers. Ber. 42 a (Ms. F. nw^nb). 

ranb, aronb, v . SU b ?**>. 

^n5 (b. h.) to squeeze; to force, press. Kidd. 22 a (ref. 
to Deut. XXI, 12) 'thou shalt bring her to thy house' T?Ab 
nsnbaa nssnb"? Kbffi this intimates that he must not 
urge her (to yield to him) during the war. B. Mets. 59 b 
"arvibni and he who presses him (the stranger), contrad. 
to flJX.— Part. pass, "prfs, pi. D"Wnb. Num.R. s. 1 1 D^ptni 
'bl pushed and pressed. 

'£1"D I (cmp. ~nb, anb) [to lick,] to flame, glow (of 
coals), opp. Bto3>. Pes. T 75 b (ref. to EX "tea, Lev. XVI, 12) 
rrrnibn ya iraa tFO xn . . . tTBAW b*=i ibna by gahdle 

I might understand dying coals, ; by esh I might 

understand a flame; .. . how is it now (that it reads ibns 
8K)1 He takes from among the glowing coals; Y. Yoma 
II, end, 42 a ; Sifra Ahare, Par. 2, eh. Ill; a. e. 

Ol5 II (b. h.; cmp. nan, irn3) to whisper. Ber. 
22 a '=1 'ib rrrnb said it in a whisper to R. A. — Esp. to 
whisper an incantation, to charm. Snh. X, 1 (90 a ) lanibn 
V\ iiz'a'n b~ he who mumbles over a wound reciting the 
verse (Ex. XV, 26) &c. Ib. 101 a '=1 hBTTft ywib you 
may whisper a charm over bites of serpents and scorpions 
on the Sabbath; [Rashi : charm serpents & make them 
innocuous]. Y.Sabb. XIV, 14 c bot. '31 "fSb ynrnlb you may 
cure by charm a sore eye &c; a. v. fr. 

Pi. rnb same, 1) to whisper, hiss (of th« nerpetrt); fo 
inform. Tanli. Vaera 4 (ref. to Ber. V, 1, v. ni^na) HB 

':•, nenb^ r,»ab"an rjx s-nn: •Jnb"? rn:n as the serpent 
hisses and kills, so does the (Roman) government hiss 
(inform) and kill; [read:] -plOWl rPS3 Bnxn rx fTtH X-n 
I3*nm rbj' irnba Xini the same (officer) puts a man in 
prison and the same informs against him and puts him 
to death; Ex.R.s. 9.— Tanh. Balak 14 fTO mnst "paJriVt 
'tl fill' they (the demons) repeat after him in a low voice, 
Blessed be the name &c; Num. R. s. 20; a. e. — Trnsf. to 
incite, mislead. Ber. 7 1 '; Meg. 6 1 ' '=1 Taib D1X r,'inb OKI 
and if one mislead thee saying &c; Gift. 23 b . Num.R. s. 4 
'Z"\ X^uinir "jCnb **£ who told thee that the Lord dis- 
charged the first-born (in disgrace) &c.?— [Erub. 91 a ■- 
-mb, read ir""C n=bn, as ib. 74", v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 90.] 

Nif. dnbo (with b) to be hissed at, be incited. Koh. R. 
to X, 11 'zt lb '3 ="KK .... irren "px no serpent bites 
unless it is set on from above; nb '3 r"SX . . . PliaVWl *,"W 
b^sb^ nor does government persecute a man, unless it is 
set on from above. 

I*n5, tliriD eh. same, to whisper, charm. Targ.Y. 

Gen. xi,' 28.— y. Sot. I, i6 (1 bot. vvv\ nr^-b dinVnj . . .b= 

" 1, a , inb >i r let any woman that knows how to cure a sore eye 
by charm, come forth and charm for me. Ib. -pans ^OS 
151 n"»b ntanb act as if you were charming to him and you 
may spit into his eye; Num. R.s.9; Lev. R. s. 9. — Y.Sabb. 
XIV, 14 d bot., a. e., v. «RB\ Yoma 82 1 ', v. infra; a. fr. 

Pa. drib same. Targ. II Sam. XII, 19.— Y. Ber. 1,3' 
bot. "pirnboi "p3nj bending and whispering (a prayer). 

Ithpe. C^n'^K l) to be tvhispered to, be relieved by a 
ivhispered charm. Yoma 82 '' [read:] "Utfnb . . . nb Wfflb 
XdinlpXI nb whisper to her that to-day is the Day of 
Atonement. They did whisper to her and she was relieved 
(of her morbid appetite); [Ms. 0. BtlVWI and the embryo 
in her womb was quieted; v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. notes 10 a. 
20]. — 2) to listen. B. Mets. 59' [read] 23^njpni and listen, 

v. yn, 

*&n> m. (b. h.; preced.J whisper. — 'ba in u low voice. 
Erub. 54 a 'ba nsiffi f\"*n was in the habit of studying in 
a low voice; (ib. 53 b bot. nCTlba tnia). Hag. 14 a (ref. to 

mnb, is. in, 3) 'ba •pn.'wa mm ^nno ib -pioina rn (v. 

Ms. M. in Rabb. D. S. a. 1. a. Rashi to Is. 1. c.) that is he 
to whom are handed over the secrets of the Law which 
are communicated in a low voice (cmp. Gen. R. s. 3, 
beg.); a. e. 

senb, (s'Jtd, iTirn5) m . ch. same, o ***»- 

tt;s t • : .T.:' 

per. Y. Ber. I, 3 C sq. n^^nb ^"l ima what means that whis- 
per (what do they pray in a low voice)?— 2) spell, charm, 
secret art. Targ. Jer. VIII, 17 ed. Ven. (Bxt. S<rnb, ed. 
Lag. Tpb; Kimhi '■'nb).— PI. T-Tjb, constr. -Jrb. Targ. 
Ex. VII, 11 (h. text "Jnb); ib. VIII, 14 (h. text "ubj. 

nn5, Hif. r^nbn (cmp. ~nb) to loll the tongue (of 
the dog); to pant, be exhausted. Lev. R. s. 13 ~fT\^ nnnn 
n^nbp ab=m the ass walked (patiently) and the dog pant- 
ed ; Talk. Hab. 563 ; Sifre Deut. 343. 



rij* eh. : .4/".r-r-5Ssaiue. [Targ. II Kings IV, 34, sq.,v. 
rnV.]— Lev.R.s. 13 '31 Mlbo ■" r - r ** when burdened thou 
pantest, when unburdened thou pantest. — Pesik. B'shall. 
p. 86 b r,-:r"';~ r'r'zz X333 ynrtl S1E3 because a dog (ha- 
bitually) lolls his tongue; Yalk. Ex. 227. 

KHTlb, Srn"", ' 7 f. (v. -nb, irjrfcj, xr-3i *> the 

splint-bone, the miter, smaller bone of the leg, fibula. Yeb. 
103 a rT , ;r="i '3 35 Wl 1X3 "xn Ar. ed. Koh. (Yar.'^S; ed. 
'"':) he who -walks on his splint-bone (his feet being turned 
outward so as to form an obtuse angle). 

ob,*. a*. 

ny>] v. -?• 
H>s".2T, v. rrx-jbn. 

t t : t t ; - 

[-" — ^ m. (b. h. -3) gum-mastich (Ladanum), a resin 
used as perfume. Targ. Gen. XXXVII, 25.— Shebi. VII, 6 
DT& (Ms. M. ="_•>; Y. ed. no*); Nidd. 8 a Cl-*3. [Maim. a. 
oth. take our w. for chestnut or hazelnut, whereas the 
context proves in favor of a resin.] 

S" — "i — ~,S""2 V — "STf (>.aTOu.ia,lautumiae)2«a/r^. 
Ohoh XVII, 3 '31 K^MO&O Talm. ed. (Mish. K'nwiiw ; 
ed. Dehr. X^"33:n33) he who starts ploughing from a 
quarry (where chips of stones, bones &c. are deposited) 
or from a deposit of bones &c; Tosef. ib. XVII, 3 SOS'S 
KWB ed. Zuck. (read '-"Xr?; ed. X33H X33, corr. ace). 
[Comment.: = X-3:: ^'r fi*H of bones; but "3 is the prefix 
as context proves.] 

X , — ^, v. " l W3tM3. 

Sr"— > f. (--J3) curse. Snh. 48'» -pax rr*xAn rrmA 

T : '• , -:- - : 

(Yalk. Kings 172 X~3"p) his curse with which thy father 
cursed him (euphemism for: the curse with which thy 
father cursed me). Nidd. 13 b ",:r. '; IX y.r so -1 "; does the 
Mishnah(II, l)mean a law (punishment) or an execration? 

— '~') tmFtimiJ (sec. r. of -12) to curse. Targ. Jud. IX, 
27. Targ. Job VJ3; a. e. 

Pe. 0^n& same. Ib. II, 14. Targ. Jer. XV, 10; a. fr. 

' T D5 J X"^> same. Targ. Gen. V, 29; a. e. — Snh. 48 b , 
v. xr"33. Ber. 7 a n"^:x I will curse him. 


I— ~2m' m. pi. (b. h.; -W) secret arts, v. "V"-- 

i I w" 1 — ^ f. (-i'33) hammering, furbishing. Kel. XIV, 1 

DU 522, v. c-:---j". 
Nw _-, v. nursa a. 

— — -:> v. - i-^t. 

IV, v. X~3-3. 

• l A I — >, read: X'v" 1 "-"" f. (Kt<.-'i<jp-(iai) public service. 
Tanh. Vaera, ed. Bub., 4: Yalk. Ex. 178 '3 "^B . . . XS3B 
3*~i:i32 the tribe of Levi was exempt from public service 
in Egypt; (Tanh. ib. 6 "IB rTZV2 "".t). 

w"I/ (b. h.; cmp. Z)Trs) to polish. Pes. Ill, 4 (48 b ) rzr 
'fiV£Z\ w'sbri (Y. ed. "p:*:i3) if the dough shows evidence 
of rising, let her polish it by means of cold water (slap 
the dough with hands dipped in cold water) ; Y. ib. 30 b 
top. Gen. R. s. 23. 

{2JT2-P, U^t35 ch. same, to polish, sharpen. Targ. 
Gen. IV,' 22 Levita.— Targ. Prov. XXVII, 17.— Part. pass. 
r-v*3. Ib. 

* "=r^2, not. Y. Maas. Sh. V, beg. 55 d yn-2 p •& n33 why 
do we not say?— Y. Snh. Ill, 21 b T1 V*BM i;t for I eat no 
unclean meat; a. fr.— xr?, n3-?=x:x ":; J3"4=T» "V. Ib. 
I, beg. 18 a ftm BNtl '3T that I know not how to judge, 
lb. X, 28 b 3'-- rtrft I will not go. Ib. 'z: VtsPi 'si and I 
cannot bear it. Y. Oil. II, 62 c top p "-3X '3 -,:xi but we 
do not say so. Y. Shebi. IX. 38 d '31 "4w 3TX ': will I not 
go and make sport of that elder of the Jews?, i. e. I mil 
go &c; a. fr. 

X 1 ", tail, v. X"*;. 

T T ' »* 

S 11 V, S " > pr. n. m. Laya, abbrev. of Ilai, Hilai (v. 
Fr. M'bo, p. T 75 1 '). Y. Ber. II, 5 C . Ib. Ill, 6' 1 top; a. fr. 


v. X -1 . 

? lS"", Sr ? .S'~, '""* f. pX5, ^3) 1) labor. Targ. Is. 
XL, 28 (ed.Wil. "?). Targ. Gen. XXXI, 42 (ed. Berl. a. oth. 
r-x-3).— Esp. vain labor, vanity. Targ. 0. Num. XXIII, 2 1 
(Y. 'rr-3; h. text 2":r). Targ. Is. X, 1; a. e. — 2) earning, 
acquired property. Targ. Deut. XXVIII, 33. Targ. Ez. 
XXIII, 29; a. fr. 

S"5 heart, v. abch. 

T • 

XZ'b, Pi. of XB3, v. -a'3. 

S32" 1 *, v. 33 Ch. 
t : * ** 

t : • T : ■ 

nlD" 1 ", v n-a-b. 

t : 

Dlp^3 0, m. (variously corrupted; Libycus) Libyan 
ass. Sabb.'V.'l (51 b ) Dnp"Olb, expl. ib. X313 Xl3n. Kil. 
VIII, 4 (v. Babb. D. 8. a. L note); Tosef. ib.V,4 '3H TX X31 
"pb333 nor must you tie the Lybian ass to camels ; Sifre 
Deut. 231 OpEVn (corr. ace). Y.Kil. VIII, 31 c •*&> n^X ''--. 
OpTS^ ":n some read Nibd'kos (Numidicus); [read:] "|X3 
n*3"i3 nr sr /- 3 n3X*i he who reads L. refers to Lubbim (Dan. 
XI, 43) (yarb UO, read ma"*, a gloss) ; v. ©■'aa^X; Y. Sabb. 




V, beg. 7 b (corr. ace.).— Gen. B. s. 98 (ref. to Gen. XL1X, 
11) [read:] "HIX 'b ynOIX V\ nri3ir ",655 to carry the fruits 
of a less fertile vine they harness one ass &c. (v. Keth. 
lll b ). 

* ,! )2"0, "£* m. (nnb) blowing, fanning a flame. B. 
Kam. 60" T«B^ O^bd), v. ndb. 

"''Q'v (read: SOld"^) pr. n. Libya in Africa, esp. a 
district of Northern Africa (Libyae nomos) between Egypt 
and Marniarica. Y. Kil. VIII, 31 c &Q STVOn d"na prose- 
lytes from L. ; (Y.Sabb.V, beg. 7 b BTCp&Q), v.^ba. dip^'-. 

"| ? lZi" J, 3" m. 03.3 II) 1 ) whitening, cleansing. B. Kam. 
9a 1 ' i"i2" , ttJ "Hrl ""d '31 is whitening (the stolen wool) a change 
(by which the right of paying an indemnity instead of 
restoring the object is acquired)? Y. ib. IX, beg. 6°; a. e. 
— PL E^liSTb, 'ab; 'b *& the dags after menstruation 
(hiring which white garments are worn while marital 
contact is still prohibited. Sabb. 13 b '31 Tf!M3B^ *W 
how did he behave towards thee in thy days of white 
garments? — 2) heating, glowing. Bets. 34 a d^SSI 'b dH13d 
because it resembles the act of heating (new) tiles, v. ",3b. 
—Hull. 8 a , v. *wrn. Y. Ab. Zar. V, end, 45 1 ' '3 rWTS (not 
*,*3"b) requires purification by fire (Num. XXXI, 23); W 
'31 "P~iS and the heating must be such as to make sparks 
come forth &c. ; a. e. 

■j!3 V, Snh. 106 3 , v.lBOX. 

fcO*irO foundation, v. WttV. 

nWlSTO m. (preced., v. "|22 II) 'b are well-balanced 
form of writing, the Samaritan characters (v. Geiger 
Zeitschr. V, p. 117). Snh. 21 b (expl. *na> ;M). 

vcfefy sybyb, fttfWbi v. «$$. 

-ot b, &ob:rb, v . -m. 

&G2 n b, pi. ywb, v. anrab. 

DlD^O m. (At[3avo;) Lebanon, the mountain range 
on the confines of Syria and Palestine. Targ. Y. I Num. 
XXIV, 6 (not '3"<3). 

yzpb, v. ffff. 

PTO^m. (libra) scales. Y. Sabb. VI, beg. 7 a $jm 
W fcOflTi (Ar. nin^b) to put a pair of golden scales (as 
an ornament) on her head dress. 

"pj"Q"> f. (v. Wial) Liburnian ship. Y. Shek. VI, 
50 a top (Bab. ed. 'pTab; Tosef. Succ. Ill, 8 VTO). 

N3" ,( 3, v. jerita. 
"ftp Vj v. wab. 

. yjU"^, Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. V, 13, v. f&. 

]T) m b, ;bf b, i&xb, xbpb, s;f b, v. sub #. 

1^*5, Tanh., ed. Bub., B'resh. 24, v. IWlV. 

HTO f. (b. h. rT$; I^J) &irM., £««"»£ MW/j. Ab. Zar. 

I, 3 'bn dT birthday. Y. Ber. II, 4 d top IWW ""TO* 

1D1 inn"'? happy he whose time of death is like his time 
of birth, as when he was born he was innocent &c. Sabb. 

II, 6 V^T 1 ^ rCHJJS (or ■|ff*l" , b) in their hour of confinement. 
Nidd. 29 b ;— '3 MXdd (sub.nXdld) subject to the laws 
of cleanness for a woman in confinement (Lev. XII, 2 — 8). 
lb. 23 b ; a. ir.—Pl. nTT*. Y. ib. Ill, 50''; a. fr. 

arrb, v . »•£. 

fctlTP V f. pi., v. WrT'V'. 

mvb, v. ***. 

T T " T T •• 

"KJJIY^, 'lib (AtBuxot) Libyans. Targ.I Chr. 
I, 11 (ed.'Lag. 'pk'b, corr. ace); Targ. Y.I Gen. X, 13 (h. 

text aianb), v. Ranb. 

123 l" pr. n. m. (Leonteus) Leonti, name of an Amo- 
ra. Y. Yeb. IX, end, 10 b . Y. Sabb. Ill, 6 ;i but. (Var. iBWfc, 
■d3il3); a. e. 

nrb, rzirb, v . q$. 

fTP^ f. fjpft IV) em/ tatt, suspicion. Y. Yeb. Ill, 5° top 
'31 '? soxlfib StblU "'ID in order not to give rise to a suspi- 
cion about the legitimacy of her children; Y. Gitt. IX. 
50 b top. Ib. IV, 45 d top rtnb (corr. ace). 

nrrb, v . nnb. 

iribrrb, nrnbirb, tfbtvb, v . «* ^ 

arrpb, v. rpt6. 

D^b, v. aft. 

-ntrb, v .^. 

^JfWb, v. rrsnab. 

TH^ICPb m. pi. (perh. a disguise of T'l fefl ffi, or of 
■pTia^l, v. lid^Stb) informers or advocates. Y. Meg. Ill, 
74 a bot. (in a secret letter) '3 fittjblttb 13d">S "03 we have 
won over three informers (or speakers). 

SED"0, Yalk. Is. 316, read srpb. 

STSO'b, ^Tb2> c. (Xixpa) Litra, the Roman Libra, 

t : t : • ' 

a pound; also a measure of capacity (divided into 12 
unciae). Tosef. Ter. V, 11 ; Y. ib. IV, 43 a '31 rWXp '5 a 
pound of figs which one pressed &c. B. Bath. 89 a if a 
person wishes to buy 'P S'O'i 'a three quarters of a pound, 
he must not say, weigh for me '31 '3 "W3"l '5 three quarters 
of a pound, each quarter separately &c. Y. Ter. X. 47 b top 




•■:*• ns - X~r, '5 -_:* and how much is aL.'f One hundred 
zin (v. Will). Ned.59 a r^b:*- 'b a Litra of onions; a. fr. — PL 

— -•'-, t vnt f b , rtttntfi, Vft f fb . B. Bath. I.e. Tosef. Ter. 
1. c. Gen. R. s. 10; Lev. R. s. 22. Y. Peah II, 20 a bot.; a. 
fr.— Tosef. Kel. B. Mete. 1, 16 'b ixxr; (not -•-ia" ! b), 'b ---br. 
tf'J l weights of a half-pound, a third of a pound &c. — 
Chald. pi. X >, *^a"5,*r~-"''- Lev. R.l.c. W% 7»VW1 . . . xbr; a 
pigeon on one side and two L. on the other; Gen. R. 1. c. 

— [Y. Ned. VI, 39' 1 top "" J"b, v. WCno.] 

Sr*""4*" *■ (Pieced.) (by the) pound. Y.Ber 11, o^ bot. 
'b •"!" ri~32. how much is this (meat) a pound? — Pesik. 
R. 8. 23 *tt"n 'b . . •"Piatl and a Jew boug'ut it at a denar 
a pound. 

"b, v. m 


v. X^:. 

S"* •, v. X\ 

X"~, S"~ m. (rb) tail; '3 -sb=, v. n-bx. 

T T TT • . ' ' * 1 ~ 

ST"*, v. ■m 


w" ~ m. (r"b) rfott^/j. Sifre Num. 89 (ref. to Tib, Num. 

xi. s) [readOrvoTOs -•;•- wa&a inx ^anyp^ a i B "pos rn 

W nin 'b= WlrTl 'JWDrTI cr«?n this is short-hand writing, 
one word-sign serving for three words: dough, oil and 
honey, like a dough moulded into cake with oil &c; Yalk. 
ib. 735. — ['3""b Hon, v. 'i*'?.] 

w x, Sw ,^ ch. same, v. "&$>. 

Sr"'"", tarn, v. xr-b. 

Si/ ^ I m. (~?b) beating (wine and oil) t«/o a mixture. 
Sabb. 134 a 'b T^ it requires beating. 

UO^> II (= X3">X xb) there is not, none. Kidd. 21 b 
'31 . . . TSnX X"~3 the case requires that he must say, 
'I love my master and my wife' (Ex. XXI, 5), which he 
could not do (if the master were not permitted to give him 
a gentile slave to wife on account of his being a priest) ; 
ib. 22 a 'Vl which he cannot say (at the beginning of his 
servitude). Ib. 4 b T)JD3 'b~ x;^n where there is no other 
reply. Ber.25 a , a. fr. WS VZ^-z'z 'b xrt": from this nothing 
can be proved. Snh. 97 a ':", X-'B'p 'b . . . W'lU formerly 
I thought there is no truth in the world ; a. v. fr. 

TD"V| Snh. 106 a , v. "SOX. 

:)" s r J, VI JlJJ J t v. sub ",zi. 

""", Tosef. B. Bath. I, 4, read: bib. 

""", Targ. Y. II Deut. XXXII, 10=V^, v. xV?". 

J ?J * '" ." U1 - ( D - n -) 1) w ^^> evening: darkness: 
metaph. suffering, misery. Cant. R. to II, 17 nroba be ",Wj 
the misery (of exile) under thegovei'nments; OfURJ b'i'ib'b 
the sufferings in Egypt; v. fflTB. Y. Taan. I, 64 a top, v. 
-ipz. Ber. 3 a 'bn TO nttCKBU 'a the night is divided into 
three watches. Zeb. V, 3 '21 'si CTb the same day and 
the night following to midnight. Snh. 96 a V2S rn83S 
b ttttfa Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. 8. a.l.) night-work was done 
for him (the stars helping, v. Jud. V, 20); a. v. fr. — PI. 
rib" 1 ", constr. " , b" 1 b (also used as a sing.: night-time, v. next 
\v.). Ber. I, 5 'b? at night (in the night prayer). Taan. 

23 a nirasj 'bm rrp y g n 'bs (not rrwi) in the nights of 

Wednesdays and Sabbaths. Sifra B'huck. ch. I FOB 'b. 
rOS 'bs every Sabbath night; Lev. R. s. 35 nira© 'bs. 
Pes. 71 a ■J-nnxfi B"f 'b the night of the last (eighth) day 
of the festival; Succ. 48 a ; a. fr. — 2) pr. n. Laylah (ref. to 
Job III, 3), name of the angel of night and of conception. 

Snh. 93 a . Nidd. 16 b . 
- ■ • " 

^/>,Sv /( constr. b'v? ch. same. Targ. Gen. I, 5. 
Targ/Ex. XII,'42; a. fr.— Ber. 3 b '3*1 PPC six hours of the 
night. Ib. '21 'b Ci'iL'3 the night moves &c. ; v. r ( ra ; — 
PI. ivb/b, IjVft, WynV4, Xrx^b-b; constr. "fyb, Targ. Y. 
Ex. Le. TaVg. 0. Deut. IX,9i;b.. ed. Berl. (oth. ed. a. Y. 
■Jib . . . ). Targ. I Sam. XXX, 12. Targ. Job II, 13 Xrmb^b 
Ms. (ed. ynb-b). Targ. II Esth. IV, 16 ; a. fr.— Gitt. 57*. B. 
Mets. 86 a Xr-b-b -rbr, three nights ; a. fr. — *W} (v.preced.) 
night-time,ai night. Targ. Y.I Gen. VIII, 22. Targ. Ps. 
I, 2. Targ. Is. XXXIV, 10; a. fr. — Pes. 2 a (explain. 11X, 
Mish. I, 1); a.e.— [Y. Dem. VII, beg.26 a xb -1 ? yprrn, read: 
nb n-b "ppmi% v. R. S. to Dem.VII, 1.] 

HT;", v. b-b. 

^ ' ^ f. (v. preced. wds.) 'b n-^5 [night-coal,] name of 
an insect glowing by night, fire-bug. Pesik. R. s. 33; Yalk. 
Is. 336. 

T T T •• 

?pT5> "P" 1 -?, Sabb. 134 a , v. "=b. 
*"">, v. n^b. 


I V ' >, v. next w. 

n""*~ f. (b. h.; r>b) night-demon, Lilith. Targ. Job 
I, 15 '21 risVo 'b (h. text XOr).— Erub. 100 1 ' 'b= "WB nVtiti 
she (woman) lets her hair grow like L.— Nidd. 24 b ttKH 
'b (a fetus) like L. (with wings). B. Bath. 73 a 'b -13 , ' HfTHI 
(Ms.M. XrX^b,Var. in ed. a.Mss. KtWbj 6»V4;l«rUlWi , 4 1 
v. Rabb.D.S. a. 1. note), v. T^Tiri. Sabb. 151 b 'b ininx L. 
will take hold of him. — PI. "o"o, yb'TJ m. night-demons. 
Targ. Y. Num. VI, 24. Targ. Y. I Deut. XXXII, 24. Targ. 
Is. XXXIV, 14. Targ. II Esth. I, 2 ; a. e.— Erub. 18 b . 

Si;"""* ch. same. B. Bath. 73 a , v. preced.— Gitt. 69 1 ' 
'bi x-r^a Rashi (ed. xnb/'bn, Ar. ^bibn), v. x-^a II. 




NET", v. wwli. 

riliPjt "T)S5 m.(b. b. 133) teaching, learning, stud// 
Cmterch.\v\thlV3br\);1ruining;habit. Kidd.40 b '3PIO 3115 '3 
'31 study is more (than practice), for study leads to practice; 
B. Kam. 17»; Meg. 27 a (Ms. M. -I133n). Hor. 13 a DTT3SW 
'3fl rx cause man to forget what he has learned; ib. ' 
'31 '3 2" ,, i" - brings back to recollection the study of seventy 
years. Ex. B. s. 43 '3 "p»5 (the root hfi in Hif.) means 
to teflcA. Ber. 7 1 ' WWaVo W ... riblX the ministrations 
(of the disciples to the doctors) of the Law are more val- 
uable than the direct teaching of it. Tanh. Ki Thetse 1 
'31 VTOSV £p33 he seeks for the enjoyments to which he 
has been used and fails to find them; a. fr. — PI. W^WS, 
T?W\> "Z~. Snh. 65 b ; Yalk. Deut. 918 (ex pi. f/W, v. ',1?) 
(who says) r'Z^ "pan ... iTWiij it is usual for the wheat 
crops to be fine in the ante-Sabbatical years; Tosef. Sabb. 
VII (VIII), 14; Sifre Deut. 171 niB^ nTtlS. . .'3 the ante- 
Sabbatical years are usually good (in crops); Sifra K'dosh. 
Par. 3, ch. VI niE^ WrA . . . tftwh. 

D"I"/2^, 1"T|H"3, 'ab m. pi. (-res) [junction*,] 
\) mortised shingles or boards used as frames. Kel. V, 9 
'~ '- rVi'51 .... *rWl an oven which came in parts from 
the workshop and which (after being put up) was sur- 
rounded with a frame. Ib. V*IW% r.K p30 ed. Dehr. (oth. 
ed. 'B") if the frame was removed; Tosef. ib. B. Kam 

IV, 12. Ib. VII, 9 '31 '';.... T:n 5TB ","' a chimney-flue 
which is lined with boards. Tosef. Pes. VII, 1. M. Kat. 
II, 2 '31 '*3 1? itlL'i" he makes a frame of shingles and 
covers the vat that the wine may not get sour; a. e. — 
2) a sort of common bread, 'shingles'. Tosef. Hall. I, 7; 

V. ib. I, end, . r >8 a imBt '3 rWMDS if he made the 'dog's 
dough', into 'shingles', it is exempt (fioin Hallab); Ber. 
38 a '33 ed.; v. ^S3. 

"l^*, rO^V, Tosef. Bekh. V, 9, prob. a. Var. Lect. 

to r*rt>, v. IJBft. 

"ET* ]iyb harbor, v. fd>. 

yD'Ot Tosef. Dem. Ill, 12, v. X5313. 

SSjU2 v (Provencal, corresp. to French limace).v«nj7. 
Gen. B. s. 51, beg., a gloss to "^D i&O, v. X^S"3. 

v. i%1. 

"b,v. ? 3. 

p>, Y. Sabb. II, 5 a '3 . . . '3 "J-Vnt, re id: "P'3=- ( ; n3. 

srb, nrb, v . *. 

T •• T " 

( Q 2 f. (",13 1) night-rest, staging over night, lodging. 
Y. Maasr. II, 49 d top rhzrj. n:\\ '3 taking a night-lodging 
(on the road to Jerusalem) does not make Tebel (v. 533 II). 
Ib. rarOCfc '3 "2, fi3 why should there be a distinction 
between a night-rest and a day-station? — lb. 5*5418 D"IN 
'33 one has to put up with a night's lodging (cannot help 

taking it and is contented with an improvised meal) &e, 
v. feri*. Hull. 91 1 ' '3 X33 IBiPn. .p*nX this righteous man 
(Jacob) has come to my lodging place (Beth El), and 
shall he be suffered to go without the hospitality of a 
night's rest? — Y. Sot. 11,18', a. fr. '";3 " P "33E: become unfit 
tor use by being kept over night. Ex. B. s. 1 ; a. fr. — 
Gen. R. s. 60 (ref. to "p33, Gen. XXIV, 23, a. y<33, ib.25) '3 
ns-in pnr3..rnx lodging for one,.. for many.— Ft. Vctrk. 
Num. R. s. 12, beg. (ref. to 'jS'ftW, Ps. XC, 1 ) ro-.n '3 3^ "}5* 
where he (Moses) lodged many nights (Ex. XXXIV, 28). 
Lev. R. s. 20; a. fr. 

S^^, n^2"> f. (linea)Zme; string. Tanh. B'midb., 
ed.Bub., 23 '31 SB "fix '*3 one string of fine pearls ; (Tanh. 
ib. 20 mnx fi-nnb; ed. Const. HISS, ed. Ven. MIS, corr. 
ace); Yalk. Is. 316 KW5 (corr. ace. ; Num. B. s. 4, beg. 
O-asjnS). Cant. E. to I, 10 ^3133; Yalk. ib. 983 D^r'rr. 
SWISS, read : DW5S, v. nh. 

D'^b, v. preced. 

J1DD*0, Yalk. Gen. 127, v. TO 1 *?. 

SI2D n b, nS^D 1 ^ m. ch. = 0%^3, robber. B. Mets. 
84 a , v. T xn^C^3. Yob. B. to VII, 26 [read:] K^Wi K1fifi3 
'31 r ( pni '3 pB3 that night the robber (with his band) 
marched out, but the guard was close behind them. Esth. 
B. to I, 12 '31 '3T -,n (not nX3Di3l), v. 'jn. Lev. B. s. 30 
KB©^ Xinn TSrtW; Yalk. ib. 651 '31 '3 JOW1 SBrTW that 
robber was captured. Snh. 106 b (in a gentile record con- 
cerning Balaam) '3 C)"i3E ... 13 when Phineas, the robber, 
slew him; a. e. — Pl. ^33'v:, "p3p" 1 3, "WEO"^, '33. Targ. 
Job IV, 11 (Ms. K*OB . . .). Targ. Jud.V, 11.— Pesik.Shub., 
p. 165 1 ' (synon. with niD^S). Gen. B. s. 60; Y. Shek. V. 
48 d top; a. fr. 

ril^DD 1 ^, v. preced. 

Ti ? !t2p" l ^f. (denom. of ©TO!/*) robber's life, lawless- 
ness. Kidd. 30 b '3 113*33 ... l^Jt'i' ";3 whosoever does not 
teach him (his son) a trade, trains him for robbery; a. 
e.—Pl. rvi'ap'V:. Yeb. 25 b '3 l"3 MM he was arrested on 
account of robberies (that had been committed). Snh. 
46 b '3*3 K2" 1 turned to lawlessness; (Ms. M. N , 3p" ,, 33 = 

]tt*PnPft v TTOT6 n b| read: n^*. 

Sn^'^D^b, 'pb ch. = preced. art. B. Mets. 84 a (ap- 
plied "to BeshLak'ish) rn hWBIJ^ nX333 (Ms. P. 
nx-D33) the (former) robber understands his handicraft 
(knows the nature of deadly weapons). 

D^p^b, DtSD^b, 'Ob (frequ. incorr. WO . .) m. 
(X-g9Tl)0 1) robber, pirate, freebooter, in gen. rover. Targ. 
Y. Gen. XXI, 13.— B. Kam. 57 a , a. fr. yiT3 '3, v. ",17; B. 
Mets. 43 a ; 58 a T'JCb (corr. ace). Y. Ber. IX, 13 b top.; a. 
fr.— PI. tnv&b, T&Ofo, 'db. Gen. B. s. 64 (v. -na II) 'OSSTB 
'31 'b rovers had come to his house and revelled with 
him the whole night. Sabb. 10 a ; Pes. 12 b 'b 33X3 the 
meal-time of the lawless (prize-fighters &c, cmp. O^s); 




a. v. fir.— Ch. forms: V-Jt?"'", X~ ; V="> (v. fWaW*), ','Z~-Z-'-. 
Targ. Job V, 5. — 2) pr. n. m. Lestes (cm p. Roman name 
Latro). Cant. R. to IV, 12; Lev. R. s. 32 '3 q»rf> *Vl nor 
did they change Joseph into Lestes. 

"|*~""UC n * m. (Xr ( jTYjoiov) robbers' retreat, den. Cant. 
B. to VI. 4'=- *pn '3 . . ..mopn '3 na (not 'EEC^) since 
the Lord has broken up the strong den (Egypt's idols), 
how much the more will lie break up the weak one (the 
golden calf)! 

"ISSD^b, Koh. R. to XI, 2, v. lOtJ II. 

tnticrb, jnacrb, v. $•**&*«. 

S~C"~, v. KBD3. 

T : * * * 

•• j. Kni> ^, v. wo. 

*r,w"~ f; C~3) WW*. Tanh. Emor 24 r«xrj '3 (do) 
good work, v. "":. 

~^""~ pr.n. m. (abbrev. of -.TS'TJX) Liezer. Y. Sot. Ill, 
19 a top '3 "1 DVQ (prob. R. El. b. Hyrcanos). lb. r"~-Z 
-•rb '-. rx ribs- (corr. ace; Yoma 66 b ..rrcon rrrx nbx'^ 
-;r-3X *1 ).— Y. Bets. I, 60 c hot., v. Fr. M'bo, p. 111 1 '. 

T" v - "-• 

Tl£"~, v. --r-*3. 

Sr*^"" m.(zz'-)coupling, joining. Targ.Y.Ex. XXVI, 
4 ; a. e.. v." *Vb. — B. Bath. 4 a bot. 5^n FWa '3 (Ms. R. 
St""':) the joining (to the hedge) would be recognized, 
v. V'3.— PI. MWirb. Targ. I Chr. XXII, 3 (ed. Lag. NMrfb, 
Var. ed. Rahm. ":: . 


v. ■"•--. 

C£*~, C£*~ f. (Xot-a;=reliqua)re>Haiwfer, arrears, 
esp. delinquent taxes. Ex.R. s. 15 '=1 '13 n:*S he remits the 
arrears of taxes, destroys the rolls and leads forth &c. 
v.yP53. Lev. R.s. 11-3-";'-; rz~r tvrtW W*ra a province 
that owed arrears to the king; Esth. R. introd.; Koh. 
R. to IX, 7 fWfi (pi); Ruth R. introd., to 1, 2 ^D£-3 (corr. 
ace); Tanh. Emor 22; Pesik.Ul'kah., p. 182 ] \— PI. "Zf--. 
v. supra. 

sr^"*, &<r r rz"", "ir^*", wfief^, v . sub '—;. 

t:. t : • I t : t t : • 

■"", v.-r'-. 

UV| ;*> pr. n. pi. Litsuy, prob. a suburb of Je- 
rusalem. B. Bath. 75 b nf ora *4 qpx (earlier ed. ittVl r*;x) 
a thousand times the area of L. containing country seats; 
Yalk. Zech. 568. [Comment, takes ""IS"": as numerals = 
143); v. rs-j. 

"jlT 1 ", / " 1 .>, "p£~ m. (y&) (irreverent) talker, scoffer, 
jester. Midr. Till/to Ps. I, 1 "«£ rT*l« pOB (ed. Bub. '"3) 
this proves that the serpent was an irreverent talker. — 

PL aria**, T?*^ ':»'"• Y - Ber - Ir > 4b bot - ' 5 12 T*W " rn T* 

there is no generation without scorners. Ex. R.s. 52 "li"" 
;X— -" the scoffers among the Israelites; Yalk. ib. 417 '; 
-n-n. Ab. Zar. 19 a ; a. e.— V. f3. 

"IIT", S«HT eh. same. Y. Ber. II,5 C bot.— PLr-*'', 

».T ••' T T " , I . T •• 

".::»"". Y. Snh. VI, 23" bot. '3 nr"o a troop of irreligious 
people; Yalk. Ps. 688 '31 WO X"in. Pes. 112 b '=1 tfi 'Vi 
(Ms. M. "-:*: '': "V9W1) for they are scoffers, and may draw 
thee into scoffing habits. 

HlJaii. > f. (preced.) scoffing habits, sneering, irony. Y. 
Ber. II, 5 C bot. '=1 nnVTOBS 'stl XT, r>^p (not rYPiX^n) 
scoffing is a serious thing, for its beginning brings suffer- 
ing, and its end destruction. Cant. R. to I, 3 '3 * 1 "0*l friv- 
olous speech, v. Cpnt. Ib. '3 3TC "Q1 . . . D333 EX when a 
word of the Law (a religious thought) enters the heart, a 
word of scoffing is removed &c. Num. R. s. 7 ; a. e. 

fcC-lDIS"" ch. same. Targ. Koh. II, 2. Ib. VII, 4.— 
Meg. 2b h ; Snh.63 1 ' X"5"l '3S "G . . '3 32 all sneering is for- 
bidden except the ridiculing of idols (by perverting their 
names). — Ab. Zar. 44 a (phonetic etymol. of ns5&8, II Chr. 
XV, 16) '3T3 MTftna ttttl for it (the worship of that idol) 
carried lasciviousness to an extreme. Pes. 112 b , v. XJS""- 

n*|> m ", 'p" m. (n-3) purchase. Tosef. Bekh. VII, 5 
'; "nVX what purchase is this (that exempts from tithes)? 

—Bekh. 56 a nrr^E", '";3 irx '32 ps -p :a n - (Tosaf. 

•:"X "pa n"D) as thy children are not obtained by purchase 
or donation, so are thy sheep... not subject to tithes in 
the case of being obtained by purchase or donation. Ib. 
*"2T ~C'r~ rr zr, 'bn purchase takes effect (exempts from 
tithes) on that which is not yet subject to tithes because 
of lacking the required age; a. e. — Pl.U^rSpt?, TT/lp" 1 ", 'p; 
esp. conducting a wife home, legal marriage, connubium 
(v. Deut. XXII, 13, a. e.). Sot. 12 a (ref. to Ex. II, 1) hWWS 
'"; nrr^ n*3 he (in taking her back) went through the 
regular ceremony of conducting a wife home; B. Bath. 
120 a , Ex. R. s. 1 (v. yr-QX). Kidd. 22 a (ref. tor.np3\ Deut. 
XXI, 11) r,z -3 an '5 thy connection with her is a legal 
marriage. Ib.50 1 ":* '"SX'3 he dare not consummate mar- 
riage (no connubium can take place) even with one of 
the two (sisters whom he betrothed to himself at the 
same time). 

Ijlp" > m. (^) collection— Esp. r'ZZV ''-, or "Wpr* 
the gathering of bones, i. e. the transfer of a body from 
the provisional cave to a permanent burial place, at which 
certain mourning ceremonies are to be observed by the 
nearest relatives; v. ::£3. Y. Pes. VIII, 36 1 ' top; Y. M. 
Kat. I, 80 d top 'r '; DTOO "- ","X . . -n25on he who trans- 
fers a coffin from one burial place to another need not 
observe the ceremonies connected with the transfer of 
bones. Ib. 'zVs '*3 UTTK what is 'bone-collection' in a ritual 
sense? Carrying a skeleton Wrapped &e, v. ys-pSX: a. 
fr.— PI. ysyyV - Y - Pean Iv » end > 18C ''" 3 •■-'"? the scholars 
have adopted the lighter (less stringent) practice with 
reference to the collections (by the poor, v. ---). — "V'T 5 "" 
nl^Sr, v. supra. 







) v. CJ3 

"£"*] in. (b.h.) lion. Snli. !u b bot.( X, 
30) srnxs Vwtfi . . . x*3 ■'xrra of him (Sennaherib) be not 
afraid, but be afraid of Nebucadnezzar who is compared 
tO B lion (Jer. IV, 7). lb 95 a '3 X3H 1-ftt Dm *& *8 how 
can you draw an analogy between these two passages?; 
there ( Is. 1. c.) layish is nsed, while here it is dri\ — 
lb. '21 .... mWB ITOtD the lion goes by six appellations 
&c.,v. X"33; Ah. d'R.; ib II Vers. ch.XLIll ; 
Yalk. Prov. 959, v. £13; a. e. 

"CO II (b. h.) pr. n. pi. 1) Laish, the northern limit 
of Palestine, called Dan. Tanh. Ki Thissa 14 (ref. to Jnd. 
Will, 27) CX^E IT 's L. is Paneas; ib. R'eh 16; a. e.— 
2) Laish, or (Laishah), prob. between Anathoth and 
Gallim. Snh. 94 1 ', v. pieced. 

w"0 III dough, v. tiv£. 

t'), Wftl'b, 2^, S^"b ch. same. Targ. 0. 
Ex. XII, 39 «4 (Ms. I **S; Y. KttH?)! Targ. Y. ib. XVI, 2. 
Targ. Jer. VII, 18 **fc ed. Lag.; a.e.— Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d 
u;i?n ^Vl&Va crumbs of dough. Ab. Zar. 76 1 ' top, v. KBVtt. 
B. Kam. 18" KW^Va (not nCstl), v. Ml.- Y. Hag. Ill, beg. 
78 a [read:] By«3 ^frOS as if (they drove nails) into 
dough. — PL m j«qrh. Targ. Y. Ex. XII, 34 ■jfrpqS'ft (0. ed. 
Berl. "firr&k, Bxt. •jfrrnti'fc). 

ITC J f. (tin's) kneading. Pes. 45 1 ' '3 bTpO that part 
of the vessel where the kneading is done (the interior). 
Y. Sabb. VII, 10 1 ' hot. Bnti 1 ^ 3S for kneading it. Y. Snh. 
X, 29* top in&b the kneading of the show-bread ; a. fr. — 
[B. Kam. 18 a , v. R8T&.3 

TTSlfrh, v. nstib. 

S^- btift), tt$ffi% v. sub 4$, 

"| w* *, WCO, w 3 m. ob.=»h. *,rr';, tongue; language; 
expression ; meaning; version. Targ. 0. Ex. IV, 10. Targ. 
Y. II Gen. XXXI, 11 WBVip )€' sacred tongue (Hebrew); 
Targ. Y. ib. 47 t W I lp tTQ "jti^b; ib. XLV, 12; a. fr.— Lev. 
K. s. 33 'si x:x -m 's "»s pi nx . . . . x:x *13 when I told 
thee to buy me the best thing in the market, thou 
boughtest a tongue, and when I told thee to buy me 
the worst, thou boughtest a tongue? — Hull. 142 a 'TJ '? 
'21 he saw the tongue of R. H. lying on the dunghill. — 
B. Kam.6 b Xsi'sp '3 (hob for hayab, v. Mnli.) is the easier 
form (of the Jerusalem dialect). — X n "~- '" refined ex- 
pression, euphemism. Ber. II 1 '; a. fr. — Ib. 28 a X"om 's 
Xin has the meaning of breaking. Hull. 3 lj mEX*i '~ ~n; 
'31 according to this, thy interpretation that &c. fcsabb. 
154' (in an editorial gloss) X"tr3 '?s according to the latter 
version (ni3X for mns); a. v. fr. — 80TIK MW& (abbrev. 
X"3) another version (reads), lb. 104 a ; a. fr.— fflTQ "JBT^, 

NtCa WWS""!!! "~!"i V-3 evil gossip, calumny, dvnnnci- 
alion ; also "XrV-ri '5 the talk about third (absent) persons. 
Targ.Y. Lev. XIX, 16; a. e— Arakh. 15 1 ' 'WVknVap.'n's 
Ar. (ed.yUL's, corr. ace.) the talk about third persons kills 
three persons. Ib. '3 's DHL'S M3 tv£ . . . Xns"3 S3 what- 
ever evil is spoken in the presence of the person con- 
cerned is not to be called evil gossip; '3 'si XE3TI ]:'i 32 
so much the worse, it is impudence and calumny. Ib. 16' 
'3 'S 611BB tt3 P.' 1 ; BtTtsM . . . Wrfe*^ S3 whatever has been 
said in the presence of three is not gossip (if repeated 
by one of those present); a. fr.— &.y*VS!fi, WS&b, "':'?'• 
Targ. Estli. 11,22. Targ.IIEsth.1,2; a.e.— Men. 6,V l ,v.b"3. 
— Keth.91 a '31 ^SQti^s "Hn "pPl those first two versions; a.e. 

*■ t : i 

J^lTO f., pi. Knti/s = «ti/i>. Targ. Y. Ex. XII, 17. 
Targ.O.'ib. 34 ed. Bxt. 

TT^ 5| 7P 3 f SP* 3 I (=i"PX xb) Mere is (u-as) not, none. 
Targ. 0. Gen. II. 5 rV$ (some£;Y.rV*£). Ib.XLVII, 13 
ms.— Targ. Prov. XXV, 14 r^XS. Targ. Ps. XXXVIII, 4; a. 
fr. — B. Mets. 4 a '31 's rTlss... r.^X ni3"33 the creditor has 
witnesses, the debtor has none. Ib. 5 a 'Tib KWVl TOS Wltifl 
8tm now, likewise, when R. Hiya's opinion is not adopt- 
ed, lb. rT*s rrt> .... rtTia he does not hold the opinion 
that the admission of the defendent must be of the nature 
of the claim; a. v. fr. — With suffix: BOrKs I (am) not; 

T^" 1 ?. "v" 1 ?. '"'': ,ll0U ( art ) not 5 "'^"'sj '?'? he (is) not (no 
more) &c. Targ.Y. I Deut. XXXII, 1. Targ. Gen. XLIII, 5. 
Ib. 0. XLII, 13. lb. XXXIX, 9 (Y. rTTH?) there is none. 
Ib. XXXI, 2; 5 'JWKs ed. Berl. (ed. "jiaPI^, "psr^;). Targ. 
Ps. LIX, 14 fVTrb ed. Lag. (ed. Wil. jVVfb). Targ.Esth. 
Ill, 8 *,inn^ ; a. fr.— Sliebu. 48 a mvb ^X WW* . . .PT^X "'X 
nn^s if the opinion of .... is to be adopted, it must be 
applied in each case; if rejected, in neither. Keth. 22 ;| 
^nin" 1 ; *im and one (of us judges) is no more. Shebn. 14 1 ' 
'31 ;33 Itlirisn (not " l !l . . . .) which do not occur in the 
Torah, opp. TrTSTWlj a. fr. 

Xin"'5 II, ^^15 m- cb.=h.ti^ I. Targ. Gen. XLIX, 9 
(h.tex T tx'i3S). Targ. Num. XXIII, 24. Targ. Job XXVIII, 8 
(h. text Sirft). Targ. Ez. XIX, 2 (h. text X*5s); a. e. 

: | ..> t*^^ imperat. of T^r}; v. also "2~. 
"V>, HD5 unto thee, v. -■: ; v. Wl. 

iS» >(~3*-;cmp. Arab. ^a/r/cr/,Lat.]acca)j(eice of a plant, 
used for dyeing. Pes. 42 b 'ss !"P3 ^3"T Ms. M. margin 
(ed. X33 1H3 " 1 "3^'7) (bran- water) which they use as a 
priming for lacca. Hull. 28 a 'V; .... ^"Spl its blood is 
used to be mixed with lacca. 

fcO* (v. X2) here. Targ. 11 Estk. I, 9. 

nniSD5, v. nn-ixl. 

D™ (b. h.) to seize, conquer. Yalk. Ex. 168. 
Nif. is;? to be caught, seized. Ib. TOTl rrtt^J the city 
was taken. Ex. R. s. 30 '31 ir:pi3 '3 ^13331 and finally in 
his old age he was caught (in the tempter's net), and began 
to be afraid &c. Pesik. R. s. 31 TaWl TVa^X when will 
she (Jerusalem) be taken?; a. e. 




v05 ch. 1 ) same, to seize. Targ. Prov. XXVI, 1 7.— *2) to 

contain. Targ. II Esth. I, 8 Toi ed. Lag. (ed. Amst. T.«). 

7f/^;e. "c'-rx to fee seized, caught Targ. Koh. VII, 26. 

|TD5, v.-; a. "*-. 

"Dl D5, v. eas. 

"j"^, Snh. 106 1 , v. -r-X. 

J> m. (prob. a corrupt, of keoxtaxo;) //<e ?c/«7e 
wuCrf. Y. B. Mets. II, beg. 8 1 ', contrad. to p-r\— [Gen. It. 
s. 7 '"; "irx- — r- "ins Var. in Ar. s. v. fnfiDS.] 

XD"C~ cli. same. Y. Kil. I, 27 a bot., contrad. to Kprft 

•pb, v. -z. 

: |P< (cmp. "'"-'•) to mix thoroughly, to heat oil and 
wine (corresp. to h. 3"J). Sabb. 134 a ^ft^ x's Ms. M. (ed. 
~"" 1 '~, v.Rabb.D.S.a.l.note) let him not mix it thoroughly 
by beating. 

■nxbr:,!:^, v.-^=s. 

~2Z>, Pesik. B'shall. p. 92 b y'saSrm, v. ifck. 

rpvj*, 2"~ in. ("'"='-) l)(=rjisri?) making palat- 
able by moistening, as dipping into vinegar &c. Y. Ber. 
VIII, 12 a bot. npt!}3 'b 13 UPttJ ian S3 any food which is 
likely to be moistened with a liquid. Ruth R. to II, 14 
(ref. to '31 niaai ib.) D^'i'So 's n; this is symbolical of 
the seasoning of (Solomon's) deeds, i. e. of his amending 
his deeds, v. "s-s. — [Pesik. Eth. Korb., p. 58 a , a. e., v. 
"tftofi. ■•] — 2) soiling, staining. Midr. Till, to Ps. XXIII; 
Yalk.. Deut. 808 (play on "pas Deut. II, 7) Tpsfssb -3is"n 
'31 thy travels, thy getting soiled and thy pains about 
thy support.— Pi. fwie ), *3"4. Mikv. IX, 4 ; Tosef. ib. VI, 
17 nx*S ^C^Vcs the (moist) stains of excrements, lb. 9 
rVPHB '- ed. Zuck. (ed. c;i3S, corr. ace.) stains of fruit- 
juice. Ib. 18 D"caCJ D^TBO 's the muddy sediments in 
the cup. 

Ii J"i>«j>, J ^ f. same,l) glutinous moisture, humors: 
vitality. Gen. R. s. 61 beg.; ib. s. 48 Ar., v. rfTfktfs. Ib. 
s. 79 '=1 '"'• *|3 X"3r Ar. (read: '*; 333 X"3r) thou shalt 
go to the grave in the fulness of vigor; (ed. ns X*", v. 
";). — 2) thick nauseating substance. Lev. R. s. 14 n£"3 
3 bo (of the semen virile). Ned. 66 1 ', v. W\ 

:|3jD!j| J > (cmp. "-'-) 1) (=nsps) fo moisten; to 
season by dipping into vinegar fro. Ruth R. to II, 14 (v. 
r^sab)DWlD"nB»W3"j^»na VnWO'bSS he(Manasseh) amend- 
ed his conduct as if with vinegar (freeing it) from bad 
deeds.— Part. pass."33l33, f.rzzz&v'Z'Z'uzz j r'z'zz^zz. 
Y. Hag. Ill, 78 l1 npajaa 'S3 dipped in liquid, contrad. to 
nptm K*8, opp. to 3'55. Y. Sabb. XII, 16 ,J top '33 3X 
•Tpttjaa if the cane is saturated with oil. Ker. 13 a ME*- 
'31 t" '33 the drop with which the nipple is moistened; 
a. e.— 2) to soil, stain ; to defile. Midr. Prov. to XI, 22 ; Yalk. 

Prov. 944 (ref. to Prov. 1. c.) 3"33 "='"Vr ^"^ .... 3X if 
thou pattest a golden ornament on the nose of a swine, it 
will soil it with mud &c. ; T"iir rx "'"—3 . . ,n"n ~z so does 
a scholar . . . soil his learning; (Midr. Prov. I.e. sp3p3). — 
Part. pass, as ab. Yoma 77 1 ' '31 r.1333133 T*P TTl Ms. M. 2 
(v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 100) if his hands are soiled &c. 
Gen. R. s. 65 'S3 3^533 IttJOffla VMh I used to attend 
him in soiled (working) garments. Ex. R. s. 22, end (ref. 
to Job XVI, 17) '31 stta *ya t*VW ^3 he whose hands are 
soiled with robbery, will call .... but not be answered. 
Ib. s». 27, end r*T3"3 'S3 soiled with sins. Lev. R. s. 1, 
v. x^-rpsox; a. fr. 

Hithpci. ~s3;rr;, Nithpa. T\}z':rz l) to be moistened, 
flavored. Pesik. B'shall., p. 92 ,, '311" , n73S3;r.3(not-,"'S3br3) 
they were perfumed with the moisture of the herbs &c; 
v. rrc"?; Yalk. Deut. 850.— 2) to be soiled. Y. B. Kam. Ill, 
:i c 1">33 ^'-3-r: (not ISSsara; Bab. ib. 30 a 1E:33) if his 
garments wei e soiled. Gen. R. s. 65 rYtT93 ~""337V2 defiles 
himself with s'ns. Ex. R. s. 23 ; Cant. R. to I, 5 FZ-z'-rz, 
v. 033. Esth. R. to II, 7 rlX3i33 "*p£airo I became soiled 
with impurity ; a. e. 

:|~J>ch. same, 1) to moisten, saturate. Part. pass. 
-sr';3.' Y. Meg. Ill, 74 :i bot. xn""Txa tya saturated with 
knowledge.— 2) to soil. Y. Ab. Zar.V, 45 a top (expl. rap-' 
V" sediment, Mish. ib. 10) "i::::! XTina it means that 
remnant of wine which soils (is thick, with ref. to !"i3p", 
Hos. VI, 8). 

"|D^, v. "3 I h. a. ch. 

"(1 3D", Y. Kil. I, 27 a bot , v. "p=V c "~ '■ 

"|CD3, v. ".oris. 

wj" m. the woolly substance of cedar twigs, used for 
wicks' Sabb II, 1 (Ar. dVs), v. "fct^n a. VOfkf. 

SPD> f. (~;nj going, thrusting forward, x:r^2l **> 
thrusting forward and pulling home, a bolt or pin attached 
to a cord for fastening the panniers, barrels &c. which 
hang down on each side of the beast of burden. Sabb. 
102 a '31 'sb it applies to thrusting a bolt which you can 
pull hack by the cord in your hand; [Rashi reads: X3p3 
rope.] —lb. 154 1 ' 'S3 :"X (Ar. some ed. xrX3^33 pi.) or 
when the burdens are fastened with a bolt (which you 
can pull out without touching the animal). 

SE* I wherefore f ; v. xr. 

SI2> II, #12 J (=X3 X:) naught, vanity. Targ. I Sam. 
XII, 21.' Targ. Is'. II, 22;' a. e.— V. tvA^ 

X m >J-)Z12b, v. x^:-3b. . 

T • : - ; - t- : t : 

""/G> the letter Lammed. Y. Sabb. VII, 9 1 ' bot. Y. 
Meg. I, 71 c bot., v. n3«3nx. Y. Yeb. I, 3 a -piSS ia*1 3= 
'31 's a noun which would require the prefix Lammed {to) 
and has it not, is given a He as suffix; Gen.R. s. 86 ; a. fr. 





"1C* I, "IE> (b.h.) 1) to ^ joined, affixed to, v. P?'.— 
2) to acfitstoni, train. Part. pass, niob, f.nnsab; pi. fi'HMsb, 
■pnwobj nvwob. Y. Ter. lV,42 d 'b Kinir rvras according 
to what he is used to. Lev. R. s. 4 '21 h"ttO 'b WW she 
is not used (to handle T'runiah) from her father's house. 
Dem. IV, 4 '21 'b ... . DN1 but if a priest or the poor 
are habitual guests at his table. Sifra K'dosh. Par. 3, ch. 
Vr, v. IWb; a. fr.— 3) to learn, study. Ab. II, 5 ]XF*Sh xb 
'21 lob he who is bashful will not learn, nor can the hot- 
tempered teach, v. 'jC^Z. lb. IV, 1 Bnx b30 naibh he who 
learns from everybody. lb. 20 "ib" 1 'bn he who studies at 
an early age; "jpT 'bn who begins to study at an advanced 

age. lb. I. 9 *£ttfc tltfel N,:c lest turou g h thein 

(your intricate cross-examinations) they may be led to 
tell a lie. Taan.7 a ; Macc.lO a '21 'Vpv\ nann I have learned 
much from my teachers, more from my colleagues, and 
most from my pupils; a. v. fr. — B. Mets. 71 a , a. fr. &tn 
[Mob here you learn, i. e. this proves. [Targ. Esth. I, 1 
nab nnX" ( N23 from this you will learn.] 

Pi. is;, TS'v: l)tojoin; to arrange. Sabb. l25 b El*iabl lid 
go out and place them (the building stones) in order (for 
sitting thereon the next day). — V. B^TWPb. — 2) to train, 
accustom. Hor. lS b '31 VBBtS Bnx nab^ man should train 
his body (to relieve his bowels) earlj T in the morning &c. 
Nidd. 66 b '21 -pn3 mx "JO?** Bbisb man should make it a 
rule in his house; a. it. — Part. pass. nalba, f. nnaiba; 
pi. a'na-lba, fWlbo; nttlM^ trained, experienced. Snh. 
109 a top (in Chald. diet.) Klh "pB^a 'ban for he has ex- 
perience in miracles. Taan. 25 a . Succ. 29 a ni2a2 'baiy ^SO 
•,n (not ■JrTTfBOa; Ms. M. "pb^aniB) because they (the Jews) 
have experience in afflictions; a. e. — 3) to teach, instruct; 
to argue. Keth. 50 a Rnjjiboi . . . naibh he who studies the 
Law and teaches it. Pes. 112 a FHVl "ana; teach me the 
Law ; rpaba 'WW 1 will not teach thee. lb. . . nsbja hOKffia 
'21 "!"i~ab . . when thou teachest thy son, teach him from 
a revised (correct) copy. Snh. 19 b '31 '">b niral nb"> *pnx 
Aaron begot (his sons), but Moses taught them, therefore 
they are recorded under his name; a. v. fr. — mpa^n TSlbo 
primary teacher. lb. 17 b . B.Bath. 21 a 'n "naba teachers. 
— bs riDT 'b to argue in favor of, to plead for; nam 'b 
to plead against. Sabb. 32 a nabs nnxi . . . B"naba . . . "Wl 
bljp3 ni2T l^b? and even if nine hundred. . .plead against 
him, and one (good deed) for bim, he will be saved; a. 
v. fr. — Esp. (in textual interpret.) to lead, hint, throw 
light on. Sifra Emor Par. 4, ch. IV . . . amin nalK Trm 
'21 SWIM br '"bl n^Dir 83 1 might have thoughtfos/iafc (Lev. 
XXII, 10) meant one hired for a limited period; there- 
fore sakhir (ibid.) comes in to throw light on toshab that 
it means one bought for life; Kidd. 4 a ; Yeb. 70 a . — Sifra 
introd. nabb bbrn ]>a KS"> is specified for the sake of il- 
lustration, v. bbs. Meil. ll b , "pnoba "p*< • • • B"3in2 **;w 
two verses which coincide (teach the same),prove nothing, 
cannot serve as an illustration for similar cases; a. fr. 

Hithpa. nabrn to practice. Gitt. 24 l} ; Zeb. 2 b B^ifctJa 
'21 nsbnnb O^llL'Sn it treats of scribes who are in the 
habit of writing documents merely for practice. Gitt. 
60 a m 'brnb . . 3T2b to write one portion of the Penta- 
teuch for a child for practicing purposes; a. fr. 

"IE* II m., HID*, HTQ" f.l) accustomed. Tanh. 
Noah 2 'b hTMB na ('bu; ITO) what each was used to eat 
(ed. Bub. ib. *Wab), — 2) (of persons) learning, arguing. — 
PI. ynab, 'ipr. Nidd. 22 b rWH 'b "p* . . . 1T"5 b2 from an 
analogy of textual words (v. rttjli) which are not free for 
interpretation (being necessary to the subject proper), 
you cannot derive any general rule; ib. ■pB*IS81 'b we 
may derive a rule, but it is open to argument; a. fr. — 
C , S2n "SEb 'bn those who were permitted to argue before 
the scholars (e.g. Levi before Itabbi). Meil.9 1 '; Snh. 17 1 ' 
(v. Rabb. I). S. a. 1. note 3). Men. 80 b ^2n Mjb 'b. — 3) (of 
subjects) having light thrown iqion, defined. Pes. 25 b , a. e. 
"mb &aaD1 nabb SO hi i*in (a proverbial phrase: behold 
this one comes as a teacher and turns out a learner) this 
is intended to throw light (on the case of a violated be- 
trothed) and is at the same time receiving light. — Sifra 
introd. 0"W33>0 'bn ~i3n something which is clearly under- 
stood from the context; a. fr.— Y.Kidd.I.59 a |-rPab rr>na" 
mnaSa 'b it»! "pnin naa the case of the Ibriya (that a 
Hebrew handmaid can be acquired by a written deed) 
is learned from that of a free woman, and that of the 
Ibri (the Hebrew bondsman) from the liriya; 'b X233 
IdO consequent^' a case may be illustrated by one itself 
defined (only indirectly) by analogy; a. fr. 

i IG> whereto?, v. ha. 

t : T 

TTBj ivhy?, v. na. 

XT a ' T 

S lQ> (v. xsb II) naught, vanity. Gen. R. s. 2 (ref. to 
inn, Gen.I,2)Blb2 xbi 'bb nVUi; who was reduced to naught 
and nothing (on account of his sin, v. Bl;3). Y'lamd. to 
Ex. V, 4, quot. in Ar. (play on nab ib.) 'b WnaTl 'b DTW 
you are vanity, and your words are vanity; Yalk.Ex. 176 
B2"nan 'b arw 'b. Cant.R. to I, 7 (play on nobw, ib.) kVo 
'21 "W2 'b niai'X that I may not appear a nonentity in 
the sight of &c, a. e. 

• N'lGip (b. h.) pr. n. m. Lemuel, homiletical surname 
of Solomon. Cant. R. to I, 1 13;3 bxb Mtt 'b (not iabb23) 
he was surnamed L. because he spoke against God in his 
heart (saying, I may take many wives and yet not be 
seduced to sin); Koh. R. to I, 1. Num. R. s. 10. 

TlQ^, v. nab. [mab Targ. II Esth. I, 8 ed. Amst., v. 

■nab, D*Twb,T r raab f v . ma^ ? , a^w*. 

ni"7j*f. (Tab) study. Yeb. 109 b (ref. to Deul. V, 1) 
'ba "-"■ n' M tt>Sa WW bs whoever is bound to execute 
(the laws) is bound to study them; Yalk. Deut. 829. 

"£■<, ")?2 n ^, "72"" m. (wrr^) haven, bay. Esth.R. 

to l, 8 '2i n\up2a rnx 'ba mbis m rwvio T»» two ships 

attempting to enter the harbor (from different directions) ; 
one desires a northern wind &c. Y. Yuma III, 41 a n: -1 ^:* 
1B"| S« the harbor of Japho. Y. Gitt. I, 43 b bot. bin Wob 
•pnBp of Ca3sarea. Gen. R. s. 31 'ba moW VtftnO . . . BX 
if a man wants to build a ship able to stand in the 




harbor; (Yalk. Ps. 876 WOS).— Erob. IV, 2 (41 b ) -::: 
y:bb Ar. (ed. b^b). Ex. R. a. 48, beg.; Koh. R. to VII, 1 
(ref. to 'the day of death' &c. ib.) it is like two sea-faring 
ships *31 '';!"! "jE nXSV' rns one leaving the harbor, and 
one entering it; Midr. Sam. ch. XXII T; (Yalk. Koh. 973 
r::). Koh. R. to VI, 5; a. e. 

n2"12~ ch. same. Y. Ber. Ill, 6 C hot. 

S^u^> v. next w. 

D**C~, '72"~ (transpos. of b-b~, v. '-'?-■ cmp. 5*5*) 
fo fn/fr against, murmur, sneer, Pesik. R. s. 6 '"'? xb 1*3 
'31 zix no longer did any one talk behind Moses. Ib. 
FcVasa (not -,-X;^2-2); Yalk. Kings 184; ( Ex. R. s. 52 
Dfsrfoj. Koh. R. to VIII, 8 '31 BrVta "p?*?^*? ( fr - ^~'"r); 
Lam. R. introd. (R. Han. 1) D"i'"5BB sneering with their 
mouths ; v. tIB. 

Tk *■■!*■ 

C2 ^ (v.BB II) unto tribute, tributary (used homiletic- 
ally as an independent word). Lam. R. to I, 1 "TfTBJ (ref. 
to BB3 nrvn, ib.) BB3 him -p-sb T"3 ^StScT 113583 ^sb 
;BB S"n 323 N"n because the Israelites worshipped idols 
(Vat)), therefore she (Jerusalem) became tributary, the 
letters of 32S and BB3 being the same; ib. [read:] n:2tt 
322 OoVl the inversion of BB3 is b«6. lb. 6W1 Vte 6W1 
'31 'b the numerical value of "O^B (130) is the same as 
that of B23. Ib. X231 X323 IBS ■p3"rl (v. BB I) but the 
Rabbis explain lamas, unto melting of the heart (she be- 
came faint); v. MSB I. 

0/2^ (BBB) unto him who refiises (used homiletic- 
ally as an independent word, meaning in Greek) dog. Sabb. 
63''(ref. to Job VI, 14, v. Targ. a. 1.) 'b 2323 -p-pp v^3 pjfl 
for in Greek they call a dog //»JS (?). [The sentence is an 
interpolated gloss, v. Y. B. Kara. VII, end, 6 a ; Keth. 96 a ; 
Gen. R. s. 76, end. The interpolator may have had in 
mind Xoi;xo; '« plague 1 , used as adj. in LXX for ba"b2.] 

1^^2< m. (Xajx-a;, -aooc) forcil, ^/<£, /aw/j. Targ. 
Y. Ex. XX, 2 ":■- 'b lamp, NB'-xn 'b torch.— Greek gen- 
itive: OTB*A. Y. Yoma III, 41* top (ref. to Dan. V, 5 ; v. 
LXX) 'b bspb . . . B3"p3 B5in (not Dl . . .) Aquila trans- 
lates /i/r&e/ nabrashta: opposite the lamp. 

D^JBDb, 0"lDnb, v. preced. 

i . ^ m. pi. (lanae) icoollen garments. Y. Snh.II, 20 c 
hot. "p"H 'b (not "fab; corresp. to X"iB5l "TplbrT. in the 
second version ib.). 

"]3j" = -,:x sb. y. Peah in, i7 J top toi ynas 'b nasi 

(abbrev. 'Bit, v. R. S. to Mish. ib. Ill, 6) and why do we 
not say . . . TTl (in place of "pRI)* 

S '2, IW> (sub. 153, p'bn) m. (orig.=l"IBi8D, used as an 
independent w. as if from a root BB3, cmp. B^b) the thin 
web worn by loose women ( = yr.ft rx"J" br pibn, Kel. 
XXVIII, 9, v. ym II); in gen. fine veil. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 b 
bot.(expl.n"'T'T'. > Is.lII,23) '21 1BVH (133 'b it is the dress 
of the ill-reputed, as we read (Cant.V, 7) they took my veil 

&c. (believing her to be a harlot). Ib. XIII, beg., 14 a "jrim 
'31 3133 'TX 'b (not n::"Bb) as regards the thin web, even 
the finishing (adding the fringe) is considered an act of 
weaving (in the Sabbath law). Y. M. Kat. II, 81 1 ' top fhrti 
'21 'b "pins decided concerning (the sale of) stuff for veils 
(during the festive week) &c.—Pl. rVBiob. Y. Sabb. IV, 7 a 
top, v. BH.-Chald. form : X^BlBb. Y. B. Mets. IV, end, 9 d . .'" 
'33 p^B" ft'n . . R. A. was engaged in weaving veils. Ib. 
'b -fb^SB "B what dare we do with those veils (dare we 
use means to give them a fine appearance)? 

i — y <» w BOJ v. sub 'B"-. 

(DUD* ) CUC", (denom. of B-CB-b) to attack, as a 
frce-booter, to commit robbery. Ex.R. s. 1, beg. 33332 rnh 
rvcn PS attacked and robbed the people. Snh. 72 a XS1* 
'31 BOOVal E"2~~ rr~sb he will go out to the cross-roads 
and rob &c. ; Yalk. Deut. 930. 

S K3 V>, V. HB1B-. 

PC> f. (contr. of ADS?, v. 333) cheek, jaw. Nidd. 23 b ; 
Y. ib.'lll, 50 c bot. — PI. n ; r>Bb. Nidd. 1. c. Y. Yeb. XVI, 
beg. 15 c . Sabb. 151 b ; Lev. R.s! 18, beg.; Koh.R. to XII.2 
(expl. VaiTOm ib.) 'bn (^B'XI) ibx that means the flesh- 
covered cheek-bones. 

SrD", '0'* ch. same. Targ. Y. Deut. XIV, 9. Ib. 
XXXIV, 7. Targ. Job XL, 26.— PL XrB^b. Targ. Lam. Ill, 
30. Targ. Is. XXX, 28; a. e— [Targ. Job III, 9, v. nr}?'*.] 

S>", v. -"b- 

3^", Hif. B^bri (b. h.; cmp. »3) to mock, talk las- 
civiously (with 3). — Y. Sot. Ill, 19 a ^3n3 n»Voi PCWP 
'31 who sits down and quotes Biblical phrases in a las- 
civious manner (e. g. Gen. XXX, 16). 

— > "> Ithpa. 3"brx ch. same. Targ II Kings II, 23. Targ. 
Jud. xlx, 25 (ed. Lag. 13bsr\H, v. 3=S).— Targ. Hab. I, 10 
BSfene (some ed. asArta, fr. 3rbn). 

ZV"~, ^">* m- (preced.) sport, mockery. Targ. Jer. 
XX, 7 (some ed! ';). Targ. Ez. XXXVI, 4 (h. text asb). lb. 
XXII, 4 (Levita arb), v. arb ch. 

XF> (b. h.; cmp. preced. wds) to jest, mock. Pesik. R. 
s. 34 '31 b? i::3b K"rb in vain did we deride their words. 
Hif. VShft same. Y.Peah 1, 15 d top (ref. to Prov.XXX, 
17) '21 35 na"rb~-' y9 the eye that mocked at the law 
commanding to honor father and mother and despised 
the law (Deut. XXII, 6) &c. Erub. 21 1 ' (ref. to aflb, Koh. 
XII, 12) '21 b~ a^b^n \z whosoever derides the words of 
the wise, v. 33b. Gen. R. s. 94 ■nTirS'BB tMWte spoke 
lasciviously. Esth. R. to III, 9 '21 ISflM "a"?*""? they deride 
us and our religion. Num. R. s. 16 "'b 4319911 they spoke 
irreverently of me. Y.Naz. I, beg. 51 a [read:] a^B ri; iriB 
'31 IS ",n*b2 how is this? Does he mean it sarcastically, 
or does he mean to say, I will be a Nazir like them ? Yalk. 
Ex. 250 l^br T-S-,-2 p'Tllll and the Spirit of Holiness laughs 
I at him; a. e. 




X/~, .•!/'. :-:;:S. P<i.*svb ch.same. Targ. Jer. VIII, 18. 
Targ. Is. XXVIII, 11. 

J2?-; m. (b. h.; preced.) sport, mockery. Erub.-'l 1 ' (ref. 
to Koh. XII, 12, v. >vb) '31 'b aYO ""2 does the text read 
la'ag (mockery)? does it not read lahag (thought)?; v. 

J$Z oh. same. Targ. Jer. XX, 8 (ed. Lag. 2^"'-); v.2"'~. 


in. pr';) speaking a foreign tongue, esp. Greek. 

v. Meg. II, beg. 73 a »» 03 kxt ':n nr::n= ra*r= nnm 
if the Book of Esther was written according to law (in 
Hebrew), the Greek-speaking (reading Iron) it) in Greek 
(translation) performs his duty. — H.rYTTi9%. Mish.ib. II, 1 
'21 tjftrYi u - ;n 'V- nr^x y+vp Y. ed. (Bab. a. Misli. rvitytt) 
it is read to those speaking a foreign tongue in their 
tongue, but the foreigner that heard it in Hebrew &c. Y. 
ib. IV, 75 a bot. Tosef. ib. IV (III), 13 '; Vi' r^izn rV3 
(Tar, IVttSb) in a synagogue of foreigners; a. e. 

fctftfpb ch. same.— PI. *risV Mace. 6 1 ' '=1 '; in:* for- 

T. T •• T 

eigners (not speaking Chaldaic) came to court oetore 


D"2">"» "|"- r i>™, " '"* garden-orache ( Artiplex 
Hortensis, v. Low Pfl. p. 274). Kil. 1, 3; Y. ib. 27 a , expl. 
T^'l'^n 'having eyes' or 'colors'. — [Sabb. 90 a ; Nidd. 62 a , 

V2_*> (b.h.; cmp.3?;) [to talk, babble :] 1) to speak a for- 
eign tongue, speak Greek. Meg. II, 1 TSrb, pi. rviwlP, 
v. fW». — 2) (v. flft IV) fo talk against, criticise, cast suspi- 
cion. Pes. 51 a 'l". '2 I" 1 ;" rrt5; the entire country criticised 
him ; a. e. 

Hif. T-^'-rt same. Y. Shek. V, 4 in some ed. of Talm. 
Babli VT"—- v. r; IV. 

]l/~ m. (pieced.) 1) foreign tongue, esp. Greek. Meg. 
18' "VP '53 the hi az (of Mish. II, 1) means Greek, lb. 
":T ';3 rOITOe Ms. M. (ed. IWP) written in Greek (trans- 
lation). Ib. 'b 3=3 in any foreign tongue. Y. ib. I, 71 1 ' 
bot. ; Y. Sot. VII, 21* top; Esth. R. to I, 22, v. ■qjt I ; a. fr. 
— 2) evil talk, disrepute.— b" 'b N^ain to spread evil talk 
against, to cast suspicion, discredit. Kidd. 81 a xnn xVi" 
rr:z bv 'b SPXIQ that you may not (by punishing her for 
private meeting with a man, v. *OTP) cast suspicion on 
the legitimacy of her children. Snh. 43 1, \9 'b X">:;V ";x 
'31 do not discredit the decision by lots; a. fr. 

"N3?5 abbrev. of -Tr*;X, q. v.— [Y. Sot. Ill, 19 a top, v. 

t : t mr ' 


«*/" (b. h.; cmp. Cr:) /o swallow, glut. Deut. R. s. 1, 
beg. (ref. to r»TT&, Ez. XL VII, 12, cmp. Men. 98 a ~rrnb 
Ci^bx fiB) '=1 ii:^in oy&S Q3X (KWB "^ 53 whoever is 
tongue-tied and eats greedily of it (the Law), will have 
his tongue loosened &c. 

Hif. w^ri to feed an animal by putting food into its 
motith, contrad. to 03X. Sabb. XXIV, 3 *{*&<$& 33X but 

you may put food into the camel's mouth; Gen. R. s. 63 
(with ref. to "WSsn, Gen. XXV, 30); Num. R.s.21. Tosef. 
B. Kam. VI, 17, ib. Hull. Ill (IV), 19 '51 rfflftn PO^ln if 
he made the animal eat asafoetida &c; a. e. — B. Earn. 
69 a '=l SC"i; WlSPysrl let the wicked (robber)glut it and die. 

— V > a mnemonical word, intimating 33, W*3, b'T"-. 
Ber. ol a HS" 1 m S"jbb it is good for the heart, the eyes and 
the milt. 

"2/3, S2?~(v. iN3) 1) to labor, work; to study. Targ. 
Y. Gen. Ill, 18;— Targ. Prov. XVI, 26 6Cs£.— Lev. R. 
s. 32 mX33 "'V- work right (Tanh. Emor 2+ P""*;). lb. 
s. 34 D^SJI *3b Vw PlX P"^ why doest thou not go working 
and have something to eat? — Y. Keth. V, 30 1 ' top -pOTTl 
*-vb because they are working beasts. Y. Sabb. VI, 7 (1 bot. 
JBVniSCa ^vb Xim that he might be able to study the 
Law; a. fr. — Y. Erub. I, 18 d top '51 fmra nrszl (cmp. 
"PlOfl for ^n) and he studied (repeated) it after him 
forty times; ib. nm"Vi (read rTTOVl).-2) to be tired. Targ. 
Y. Ex. XVIII, 18 *vb-T, xr;^ Ar. (ed. 1P2P "WTO; 0.nxV>-: 
^x'-P). Targ. Lam. V, 5. "Targ. Prov. XXVI, 15 ""x"; ed. 
Lag. (oth. *3b); a. e.— Lam. R. in trod. (R. Isaac 8), v. •fha. 
— Y. Gitt. VIII, beg. 48°; Y. Ter. I, 40 b ^vb SWTl and he 
became tired (ceased from raving). 

Af. -*&& to tire out, ruin. Targ. I Chr. XVII, 9 "^j«s 
(not *&?*£»). 

2^b, v. 2V,. 

X&, v. JS>. 

JT^ n 2?^ f. (tofe) jetting food into an animaVs mouth. 
Hull. 55 ,; ,v. rrarsn. 

>^, v. -"r. 

"'"I/!^ pr. n. m. Ldyi, name of a Tannai. Y. Dein. I, 
beg. 21'; (Tosef. ib. I, 3 "^Xr'-X, cmp. X^X). 

b"'?b, »b"?b, v. b~. 

k , i J >•, v. rwa*. 

"r?b, v. c-:-rr. 

nO"3?" f. (OS5) pap or 2>a»te; ro" 1 "-: HG^sV pap made 
of grits 'of beans' Nidd. IX, 7 (expl. "fC-n; "•*)'; Tosef. 
ib. VIII, 9. 

rtO"^> m. ch. same. Y'lamd. to Deut. beg., quot. in 
Ar. '21 'b i _ nn a"iX remove this paste from off thy eyes 
(said to a bribed judge). 

b?b, sb?b, v . b^v. 

HD3?b I pr. n. m. '- ,2 JB«? La'anah. Y. Snh. X, '2s : ' 
top '-, ~-]2 *W*0; (Koh. R. to XII, 12 xbr *p 1K>). 

ni^3 II f. (b. h.; Arab, la'an to curse) bitterness; 
wortuwbod. Tanh. B'shall., ed. Bub.. 21; Yalk. Ex. 258, 
v. -!.- L 




RT2y~ ch. same, bitterness. Targ. Y. II Deut. XXIX, 
17 (not xr:r>j. 

v-^>~ (cmp. ~zv'z a. ens) to clew, masticate. Sabb. XIX. 2 
';* ":~r2 cr*'; one chews (cumin for a plaster) with one's 
teetli and applies it. Tosef. ib. XII (XIII), 8 'ppS'ft "pS 
'21 you must not chew gum-mastich on the Sabbath. 
Tosef. Pes. VI, 1 1 '31 ^2 DS1S1 . . . aitOS W» l UUBMttJ (not 
CT") when the attendant gets up from the table to mix 
the wine, he must close his mouth and chew (the meat 
of the Passover lamb) until &c. Pes. II, 7 2"1X Ci:*:" x"; 
'2* one must not chew wheat (on Pesah) and put it on 
one's wound; a. e. — Part. pass. C>l??. Y. Ter. VIII, 45 1 ' 
hot., v. r';2. 

C"" ch. same. Targ. Koh. XII, 3. 

"I*"", v. -r'r. 

I»V| v. TB;ch. 

SS'IS. ^ m. (IS;, cmp. ~ZZ) pap, esp. of figs. Sabb. 37 '' 

hot. (Alf. srsr:). B. Mets. 84 1 ' 'z *Wa ',T»0 sixty kinds 

of pap.— PL '-€-. Ned. 50 b (expl. -pOSirs) TOTI. . .x:T2 

'; V~ : - a species of figs of which pap is made. Ib. XE;x 
/•- -..„ 

^ ©!3 m., prob. to be read: X*TB- pi. (v. T , 2:) stew- 
pots. Targ. Y. II Num. XI, 8. 

"Tltv, v. T*BD. 

U'lt-3, according to, v. WE. 

"C^iD" m. pi. kettles, v. 033. 

i, ^ according to, because, v. !"!2. 

D^j >S5> to join. 
Af. "BrX (cmp. Tab) fo arrange. Targ. Y. Lev. VI, 5. 

I if ^ in.(b. h.; cm^.'Ot'-) a pot in which light is carried 
(v.Maim. toKel.II, 8 a. Ar. s. v.) ; torch. Kel.II,8'pn (U.S. 
-•Z-) the light-pot — Midr. Till, to Ps.LII(ref. to Gen. XV, 
17) '=• min x';x ''z 1'W torch means the Torah &c. (with 
ref. to Ex. XX, 1 8) ; a. e .— PL &T»b. Snh. 108 1 ' (ref. to TSV 
Job XII. 5) words 'zz CfTDp EiTL' as hard as light-pots. — 
Trnsf. lightning, fash. — PL as ab. Mekh. Yithro s. 9 (ref. 
to Ex. 1. c.) '? "n^l JYlVlp ^Zip various sounds and various 
flashes; Vn '~ JiaOfl . . tVSff] were there various kinds of 
sounds? various kinds of flashes?; a. e. 

™ ©" ch. same. Gen. K. s. 30 (ref. to "PBr, Job XII, o) 
rr'z 'z rrt mo y n a K pP (Ar. "7B?) there (in certain places) 
they say (instead of) 'he has a crier' (that walks before 
him): 'he has a torch' (carried before him), i. e. he is a 
distinguished person. 

ITSlDPSi), Tanh. ed.Bub. B'resh. 24, Var. •*"--':, read: 
"*:"""£- m. pi. (leporinae, sub. lanae) garments made of 
hare-wool; (cmp. Gen. R. s. 20 n^ix T2X). 

: !"T *?< I=r " "r'"< v - n ? »• ?5$) therefore. Pes. X, 5. 
Keth. 2^;'a. v. fr. 

iNw ijx, v. xce;. 

P : . m> ( r ?^ glutinous substance, pus. Mikv. IX, 2 
•,"■: pT»a 'z pus sticking around the eye; ib. 4 f?Kl?J '3 
in the eye. on the eye-lids. 

ND'lVirV ch. (pieced.) 7>i(/7J, ao/l portion of cabbage. 
V. Ter. X, 47 "hot. PIM3B3 STTI ri2"X |a 30 take (for thyself) 
from its trunk and give (as T'rumah) its pulp. 

"ocb, ":sb, D-DDb, v .tr ?B . 

C/D> c. (CB;, cmp. TSz) a tightly covered pot, stew-pot, 
v. SjCK. Y. Hag. II, 77 d top [read:] TnWGl mn ';2, v. 
OB3 X. Y. Shebi. VI, end, 37 a pT SB nnx 'z a stew of veg- 
etables. Peah VI11, 4 fefiVa out of his stew. Y. Ned. VI, 
beg. 39° ';; Tffp a dish prepared in the stew-pot; (Bab. 
ib. 5i a M>s6 Trm ; Tosef. ib. in, 2 bift'wa yrawi). Hull. 
84' [read:] '2" "OSV^ np" 1 may buy for his stew a litra of 
&C.; a. fr.— PL B^OBs, feDs. Tosef. Sabb. XVI (XVH),13 : 
Y. Bets. IV, 62 c bot, v. crb. Eduy. II, 5, v. W<tt"fW; a. e! 

NC£~ ch. same. Y. Peah VIII, 20"' bot. X15 jo rv:pr 
'z gave the T'rumah out of the stew-pot. Ib. VII, 20 a 
bot. (ran -iE2i X0*B3 (read: BD tf fe; Keth. 112 a 12= C2r-x 
"■ri) the pot of K'far H. (which was very large). Ib. 
VIII, 21 a bot. '=1 XVI '1 ya . . . . . *pXf does not the dish 
originally come out of the (earthen) pot? Eat (now) 
of it, v. XS23. — PL X* ; C2c. Targ. Y. 1 Num. XI, 8, v. 

jOi^ m. (pieced, ws.; cmp. /.a-Vivy;) charlock, a plant 
resembling the mustard plant. Kil. I, 5. 

*]D^ (cmp. *ZZ) to cling to, to clasp. Tanh. B'har 3 (ref. 
to r23-i, Ruth HI, 8) inES!; she clasped him; Ruth R. to 
1. c. rvTTnr lr22? (some ed. Ttttb), v. rVtWt. 

Pi. T2'- 1) same. Bekh. 41 a (interpret. TSS^) r22*-"r 
':■ rep-TMl it continues to cling (to the body) to the day 
of death, v. supra. Sot 3 b (play on iT'sb^, Job VI, 18) 
'21 1"2£p rzsin" "inSS^O (sin) clings to him and goes be- 
fore him on the day of judgment. — 2) to wrap, swathe. 
Sabb. 129 1 ' hot. '21 ibTW TX y^ECO you may swathe a 
new-born child on the Sabbath. — Part. pass. ^S1?2; f. 

rwfta Dent. r. s. 3 £X2 fy& CX2 ntfmn . . . mim the 

Torah scroll which was given to Moses, — the skin was of 
white fire, written upon with black fire, sealed with fire 
and swathed with bands of fire. 

*]£v ch., Pa. Cpgib (interch. with ZfSzJ 1) to swathe, 
bandage, wrap. Targ. Y. Ex. XV, 2. Targ. Lam. II, 22 
eetnh (some ed. mBB?).— Sabb. 66 1 '; 147 lj xpi2"> i2^Bb to 
swathe a new-born child. — Parti pass. ~2;^ (rE^). Targ. 
II Cbr. XXXIV, 15 (of a scroll, v. preced.). Targ. Lam. 
II, 20 (Ar. 'irm Ithpa). — Trnsf. to handle in the tcay a 
child is swathed, to turn clay, mould, shape (cmp. 3ST). 
B. Mets.74 3 '21 X'pl "Web iDirra xni does it not require 




moulding, drying, putting into the stove &c. lb. "132 
■JWtniWJibBn Ms. M. (ed. WO**! PEBb^l, eon 1 , ace.) when 
they have heen moulded and dried. — 2) to join, couple, 
loop. Targ. Ex. XXXVI, 10. lb. IK XEBbb (Var. XEBbb, 
XEBbb); a. fr.— Part, pass. rEba, ffffeo, lb. XXVI, 3; a. fr. 
Ithpa. rp""PX to /;<• swathed, v. supra. 

Sj£* PlE", '^c.^XCEb. Y.Peah VIII, 2l a bot, 
'b ■)« b"3x, v. xcEb.— Y. BhebL II, 3*» bot. fyl rnTO as 
much only as is required for the stew-pot (immediate 

TTppZ*, Targ. Y. Lev. I, 16 in Ar. s. v. -jpb some ed., 
read: xp T P T B:T; v. XEpib?. 

" E)2 (b. h.; cmp. r|EP) 1) to twine around, cling to, 
clasp. Ruth R. to III, 8, v. C)Eb; Tanh. B'har 3(expl.nB^i, 
Ruth 1. c. 'he felt himself embraced') bl PEib-l rTOSfl las 
as you read ( Jud. XVI, 29) and Samson clasped &e— 2) (cmp. 
~7©) to wrap up, to insert, combine (dishes). — Part. pass. 
HE;, pi. "prttti. Koh. R. to VII, 7 (expl. ",nB:) ","«^»an "fl» 
PT3. P" 'b two messes combined. 

Pi. Pfb same. Ab. Zar. 3S U ; 59 a TBft PX W PBbb to 
go with bread as a relish. 

TD" ch., Pa. P:b as preced. Pi. Bets. 16 a Fffotfl "WS 
ptR3 (Alf. PESTS"!) something used as a relish is required, 
KPtlfeB xb r«fl (Ms.M.PEbTa, Alf. XPBS-2) whereas bread 
is not used for that, purpose. 

Ithpe. rs'^X to be used as XPBb ; v. supra. 

kv> t, (v. preced. wds.) something tchich goes icith 
bread] vegetables. Ber. 44 1 ', v. n" l 2 4. — Gen. R. s. 15 in 
Wffl rs xb PEb last one says /e/efA was h-path (no 
food of man before he sinned, i. e. bread fully seasoned 
grew out of the ground, and no relish was required); 
PTP? ttTWP X^P rs xb 'b lefeth will be no food, in the 
Messianic days; Y.Ber. VI, 10 a bot.; Tanh.Ekeb7 [read:] 

pe xb tnasb mvs xbx pe rawi now "jpxpi (with ref. 

to -Q POE, Ps. LXX1I, 16; cmp. Sabb. 30 1 ', Midr. Till, to 
Ps. CIV, 12). — Esp. lefeth, turnip. Kil. 1,3. lb. 9. Keth. 
11 l b '31 Smip»l 'te yp fc*TO a fox made his nest in a 
turnip, and when they weighed it &c. ; a. fr. — PL PlPiBb. 
Y. Ter. 1I,41 C hot. 'b iBlfl turnip-heads. Yalk. Leut. 944. 
Snh. 19 1 ' bot. (ref. PBb*n, Ruth III, 8, v. Targ.) TOS ITOWtt 
'b "USSOB his body became as soft as (boiled) turnip heads. 
Ber. 56 a Ar., v. JfT&fc'Hj a. e. 


S7D5, D"> ch. same. Targ. Ruth 111,8, v. preced — 
Ber. 44 lj '31 'b tYTTI tS when thou seest turnips in the 
market, ask not, what wilt thou eat with the bread, lb. 
56 a , v. Xn-;?r.S_; a. fr.— Bekh. 43 1 ', v. DPS;. . 

^/'^ *»' -:'» w - f. (preced.) 'b PE bread seasoned ivith 
a relish. Tanh.'Ekeb 7 (ref. to TOE, Ps. LXXII, 16) BT 
xno-E 'b PEb TTflp* mwpa there are places where they 
call seasoned bread piss'tha. 

D*nS52, Jfw™ I m. (v. PEb), one whose head is turnip- 

shaped. Bekh. VII, 1 (43 a ) *,PBb Mish. (Talm. ed. CiPEb), 
expl. ib. 43 1 ' '31 i»T1 XPBb (read D... or ",...), v. MT^| > W. 

"iV)?*?* '£"5 II m. (~Bb) »WisA. Ber. 40 a lXTTir "W 
'31 'b IX PlblO until salt or some relish is placed before 
each Dne, v. C"i ; 3. Neg. XIII, 9; Tosef. ib. VII, 10; Hull. 
71 b 'ba (P)b3ixi 3.0*3 reclining and eating (the named 
quantity of. bread) with some relish; Koh. R. to VII, 7 ""2 
'ba PT31X 3w (corr. ace); expl. ib., v. PEb; a. e. 

fcOr©5/D n > ch. same. Targ. Job VI, 6 Var. Ms. (li. 
text SEP), v. ©#». 

P r ,v. r b. 

Y ^j y 5 m. (b. h. ; V*lb) scorns r, scrfffer, frivolous person . 
PI. CWSb, '"b. Sot. 42 a 'b P3 the class of scorners. Snli. 
101 a , v. "ii33; a. fr.— 'b niTVa (Ps. 1, 1) scorners' gathering, 
bad company. Kidd. 41 a 'b 3t5TO ISOa his company is 
the bad company (meant in Ps. 1. c). Ab.Zar. 18 1 ' ("HOX) 
'b '"O ">3S2 (is forbidden as) coming under the category of 
being in bad company ; a. fr. 


mS--' f. (preced.) 1) scorn, lasciviousness. Cant. R. to 
III, 4 (play on Plxbfl, Is. XXI, 4)'b ^"Ql pfiB JttTO HE the 
mouth which spreads words of lasciviousness; "pE3U3 *'$ 
'b "Q*lb because they went out for lascivious entertain- 
ment; cmp. XPSfiS" 1 ?. — 2) sport, pleasure. Tosef. Sabb. VI 
(VII), 4 'b nb XPPU) that she may be entertained; Yalk. 
Lev. 587 PX^b nb^PPPa (corr. ace). 

nb, rasb, maib, v. sub 'A 

It" t •• T T " » " 

p> m. (ppb) lapping, greedy. Pesik. Zakh., p. 26 b p-~2V 
'3T PE1X pb U? Amalek is 'am lak (a greedy people), a 
people that came to lap the blood of Israel like a dog; 
Yalk. Deut. 938 ; Yalk. Ex. 262 ; a. e. Tanh. Ki Thetse 9, 

a. e. '31 PIS pb W>, v. pb"\ 

*£-?» ^Pri' V - ^~ 

ri"inip~ f. pi. (Ppb) bought property, esp. mortgaged 
property sold; trnsf. the purchaser of mortgaged property . 
Keth. IX, 8 'bP p P3nB3 X^PI . . ."Ott if her husband sold 
his property to strangers, and she wants to collect (her 
K'thubah) from the sold property (sues the purchaser). 
B. Mets. 12 b "pa xb£ 'b CpB'nsb ^PXI and he might seize 
the sold property unlawfully.— B. Bath. 107 a Ipbnu; a^PXP 
IIP 'b after the heirs have divided up the estate, the3' 
are considered as purchasers (from one another, and the 
brother whose portion has been seized for his father's 
debts has no redress), opp. ",P D-^'ll" 1 they are heirs (and 
the estate, minus the seized portion, has to be redivi- 
ded) ; a. fr. 

nij>*, v. rwpb. • 

U IpV, »Jp \J m. (apb; v. wpb) grain-gleaner, a sort 
of huckster dealing in grains bought up in small quantities. 
B. Mets. 72 b P^-QP BTp^B ^"f . . . »plb UJ"^ ed. (Ms. M- 
throughout Vp''~; Ms. R. a. ed. Ven. 21pb, v. Rabb. D. S- 
a. 1. note 7) why is it different with the gleaner? Because, 
if he has none, he will borrow from a fellow-gleaner. Ib. 




tflaVl 'lbb iSUJn xs^ia IS until the market price has been 
announced for (the goods of) the gatherer and the merchant 
alike ; Tosef. ib. VI, 1 nplbb (corr. ace.).— [Keth. 54 a aipba. 
Ar., v. 'J"^.]— PI. rnefip\. B. Mets. 1. c. btt51 ... 'b bliJ Ttt 
'21 D18 33 Ms. H. a. R. (v.Eahb. D. S. 1. c.) if the gleaners' 
goods (mixed goods) were worth four S'ah (and more) 
a Sela, and those of other people three &c. ; [ed. VTI 
'21 mst 3251 . . . niaipb if the gleaned grains were worth 
&c ; Tosef. l. c ssmo rvobin niaipb wi (not msbim). 

5tf".2"lp > ch. same, esp. the poor gleaner. — PI. ^aipb. 
B. Mets. 21 b (expl. nnsias) 'b iro'b gleaners after gleaners 
(the poor who come for the second gleanings). 

■WElpb, v. \yjip3. 

b^^ipb, v. Dvj^pap-ib. 
bO^pb, v. wT?y 



&^/lp> f. (ipb) 1) punishment. Targ. 0. Deut. XXXII, 
32.-2) &ew# beaten. Yoma 71 b J-rnipb, v. "jFfO; Zeb. 18 b ; 
Yalk. Ex. 380. — 3) disorder, disease, defect. B. Bath. 16 b 
Xlti 'b ttnpn sc"ip a complexion like the color of the horn 
of the unicorn is a defect (and not a perfection). Hull. 43 a 
tf^m'bthe disorder of the kidneys mentioned byKakhish. 
Ib. 55 a bot. '21 '? iJO'S'i when the disorder extends to &c; 
a. fr. 

npy (b.h.) 1) to take, receive. B. Kam. 119 a fip-JlS ifiCU 
'21 yTipl? collectors of charity may receive from them 
small contributions. Ex. B. s. 3 lbttJ rix 'b he received his 
due (punishment). Tanh. Korah 3 irnba 'b he took up his 
cloak; a. fr. — 2) to carry away] to persuade. Ib. 1 (ref. to 
Num. XVI, 1) '21 roiirs abx npil fW vayikkah means 
attraction by soft words; ib. 2 Wbs }W)> xbx np^l f« 
inpb lap'U vayikkah has the meaning of separation, for 
his heart (pride) carried him away; Num. B. s. 18. — 3) to 
buy, acquire. Bern. IV, 5 '21 ib rip buy (provision) for 
me of one who is reliable &c. Ib. "Wripbl .... np^b ~jb>n 
'21 "jb if he went to buy of him (of the designated person), 

and not finding him I bought of &c. Ib.V. 1 "p Ijpibn 

'21 he who buys of a baker. B. Mets. 16 b lri|ri}MW»b when 
I shall have bought it; a. v. fr.— Ijpib buyer. Ib. 15 b bot. 
'b n^l when the buyer is dead. Ber. 5 a rraia 'bl and the 
purchaser is glad; a. v. fr. — Part. pass, nipb, f. Sinipb ; pZ. 
=T'?b,",irpipb; ni'rapb. Y. Pes. il,29 b Ittwoqtta 'bn'that 
which has been bought with tithe-money. B.Mets. 110 a 'b 
T3 N^ni have it as a purchased property. Y.Snh.IX,beg. 
26' 1 [read :] lb '? f OT PHln WttTttJ tP until the first wife has 
been legally acquired (betrothed) by him ; (Y. Yeb. XI, 
H' 1 top npipT), v. nnipb; a. fr.— V. nirapb. 

Nif.fffAl, rip" 1 :, Hp3 to be taken, bought, acquired. Maas. 
Sh.I,3 IWSa CjOan'PS TSik must not be bought with tithe- 
money; Hull. I, 7 Mp^i irx. Men. 42 b TTVip3; "pnp3 ; a. 
fr.— Kidd. 2 b (ref. to Deut. XXII, 13) it is not written V 

STJKb itttJX npbfi if a woman is married (marries herself) 
to a man (Var. npT\). 

Hithpa. ripbnn to be enclosed, squeezed in. Num. R. 
s. 12 ; Cant. R. to IH, 1 1 ; Pesik. Vayhi, p. 4 a (expl. riHpbrra, 
Ex. IX, 24), v. xrvvairs. 

llp-P ch., Ithpe. npibx to be taken, married. Keth. IV, 
1 1 (52 b ) -p-Qiab "jinpkri is Bab. ed. (Mish. a. Y. ed. pOSTY!) 
until they shall be married; ib. 53 b ",np^ni. 

np~ m. (b. h.; preced.) purchase ; (acceptable) gift; 
lesson. Taan. 7 a (ref. to Tipb, Deut. XXXH, 2) xbx 'b "pit 
STilti lekah means the Law (with ref. to Prov. IV, 2) ; 
Tanh. Haaz. 3; a. fr.— 'bn *pK auction-stone. Yalk. Lev. 
667, v. npa. 

T3p* (b. h.) [to seize,] 1) to gather, glean; to pick, v. 
Pi. — Part. Epib gleaner, huckster, v. oipb. — 2) (in sewing) 
to gather, pucker. M. Kat. 26 a bot. fVO "jrvnDsbl "jap/ibb 
rnablD to mend (the rents for the dead) by gathering or 
making a sort of stairs (chain-stitches), v. u)$0. 

Pi. ap^b same, 1) topick, harvest; to pick up, collect. Tosef. 
Shebi. IV, 21 '31 iniX2 anriK *fc he harvested Ethrogs on 
the first of Sh'bat;R.Hash.l4 a ; Erub.7 a ; Yeb.l5 a . Tosef. 
R. Hash. I, 9 p*P 'i? if one picked vegetables; a. v. fr. — 
Maas. Sh. II, 5 '21 ** ">bUJ HO Y. ed. (Mish. a. Bab. ed. Sia 
lipb EpbttJ) what coins he picked up singly belong to the 
second-tithe fund. Y. ib. 53 c "b b3.K p*«ai pia '^bUJ Nim 
'21 *P31X bs (not "piK) provided he picked up here and 
there (deliberately selecting), but if he did so at random 
&c. Bekh. 7 b '21 apba D^sa b^^H b2 every animal that 
lays eggs supports its brood by picking up food for it, 
except the bat . . . which gives suck. — M. Kat. 1, 5 tipba 
'21 D1X one may (during the festive week) collect for final 
burial the bones of &c, v. lilp^b. Snh. VI, 6 DN "pBjjfca 
'21 SrrasSil the bones (of the convict) may be collected and 
buried in their family tomb; a. fr. — Esp. to glean, to take 
the poor man's share in the crop. Peah IV, 9 '21 apbas ">o 
(Y. ed. '^bitt) if one gleaned the corner of the field and 
said, tbis is to belong to &c; Gitt. ll b ; B. Mets. 9 b . — 
PeahV, 6 uipbb (Y. ed. Bpbb). Y.ib. IV, 18 b topP^I 12b"* 
'21 let them have an opportunity to go and glean in an- 
other field &c, v. "WIST?, a. v. fr.— [Peah IV, 5, v. Hif.].— 
[Sot. ll b '21 ",nb apbai, v. ap;.]— 2) to pluck (hair) out 
singly. Naz. 40 b I3pba3. iup-b if he plucked it singly with 
pinchers; Mace. HI, 5 i'Jpb. Ib. 20 b '21 r,133b lipbtta when 
one plucks out the white hair among the black; Sabb. 
94 b ; a. e. — [Naz. 1. c. 13>nn tWpV'B IS, read "oba-ilD as 
Mace. IH, 5.] 

Nif. Bpbs l) to be collected, harvested. Tosef. Shebi. IV, 
21 S"Oiro '31 mim biaiU what has been growing under 
obligation (as eventually subject to tithes) and been har- 
vested under obligation ; rP3nsi»:i '31 rWSiU:! biaii) what 
has been growing in the Sabbatical year and collected in 
&c. ; R. Hash. 15 a ; a. e. — 2) to be made smooth by plucking. 
Sabb. 97 a , v. Mpb'?. 

Pu. aplb to be gleaned. Peah V, 1 YTinn 'b xbttJ ttJ^ia 
a stack of grain under which the gleaning for the poor 
has been left. 

Hif. u^pbn 1) to cause picking, to strew feed for birds. 





Tosef. Sabb. XVIH, 4 ftJ^pWfc contrad. to •pBptoa (v. 
Bpbvt); Sabb. 155 b .— 2) to arrange the gleaning by the 
poor. Peah IV, 5 (3) bsnn b3> •ptt-'pba Wi Y. ed. (Bab. ed. 
a. Misb. "papba) arranged the gleaning by the line, leav- 
ing a corner at the end of each furrow. 

Hithpa. apbrri to be collected; to require collection. 
Maas. Sh. II, 5 Dilipbrrafi those coins which have been 
picked up singly, opp. "pbbssn.— Hull. 46 a tUS Mpbrra if the 
required size of sound flesh can be obtained only by col- 
lecting (it not being in one place), how is it? — lb.77 a 'brra 
liia how is it, if the quantity of flesh required to cover 
the broken bone is scattered? 

T2p~, 13 'p*, ch. same, to pick up; to gather. Targ. 
Gen. XXXI, 46.1b. XLVII, 14 (ed. Berl. CJ&). Targ. Ex. 
XVI, 26; a. e.— Part. "Jipb, "Jpb. Targ. 0. Deut. XXIX, 10 
-"'pb ed. Berl. (ed. Amst. Bgb, corr. ace; h. text 2i:rt); 
Targ. Josh. IX, 21 *U$ Bxt. (ed. "cpba).— Sabb. 156 a sbl 
fT'awbla B^pbfa calf) that does not take up with its tongue 
(the fodder placed before it), v. infra; a. e. 

Pa. i^pb same. Targ. Gen. XLVII, 14, v. supra. Targ. 
Lev. XIX, 9 (Y. II Pe.); a. fr — Targ. II Esth. Ill, 8 T'Jpbai 
(not ■papbai), v. asm— Lev. B. s. 6 b"K apba Ninn "mp 
-pba nx . . agb Epb he began to pick up (the scattered 
Denars) ; said he to him, pick up, pick up, for it is thine 
own thou art picking up. — Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. "jMpbai 
(not n-pbll) and gathers them (the sun-dried fruits in 
cakes or strings; v. Maim. Sabb. VIII, 6); a. e. 

Af. ^pbx to cause to take up, to put the mouth to. 
Sabb. 156 a IffV T'-^pba Ms. 0. (Ms. M. mb fBpba, ed. 
■paipbita, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) we may make it take 
up (taste the fodder). 

t3p!3 m. (b. h.; preced. wds.) 1) gleanings; the poor 
man's share in the crop (Lev. XIX, 9). Peah IV, 3. lb. 10 
'31 -noun 'b WW what is called leket (the poor man's 
share)? That which drops &c. lb. 11 'b 'b pSD where 
there is a doubt about leket, it is leket, i. e. the poor man 
has the benefit of the doubt. lb. V, 1 'b Ha3 rtms fti&to 
'31 we calculate how much it would ordinarily give out 
for the poor man. Y. ib. V, beg. 18 d bl23 -jBp^b 5"S ^"15113 
'31 for he piled up the stack over the poor man's share ; 

a. fr.— 2) pucker, seam. M. Kat. 26 b 'bn -pna 3nipn 

he who rends his garment ... in a place which has been 
mended by a pucker (after having been rent for a death). 

!3pO, S!3p5, ItftSpVch. 1) same, gleanings, poor 
man's share. Targ. Lev. XIX, 9. — 2) the accumulated food 
in a bird's crop. Targ. Y. I Lev. 1, 16. 

nTt3pb Maasr. Ill, 7; Ohol. XVIII, 10 'btt Ar., v. 

SJ^ISpb, NpI3pb f. (lectica) sedan-chair. Mekh. 
Mishp. s. 1 'ba. ..13b^' xb lie (the Hebrew servant) shall 
not be used to carry him (his master) in a litter, a chair 
or a sedan-chair; Yalk. Ex. 311 ; v. Xp^Jfiba. 

yJ) np J [to become less,] l) to suffer, be under a 
disadvantage. B. Mets. Ill, 12 VC\ *iom npb 1 ? he suffers 
the disadvantages of loss or gain, i. e. he must pay ac- 

cording to the original value of his charge in case of 
depreciation, or according to the present value in case 
of a rise in value. Tosef. Yeb. IX, 3 npib "pH rmo TO 

justice suffers under this rule, i. e. it is inconsistent; Y. 
B. Kam. IV,beg.4 a ; a.e. — Esp. to be smitten, afflicted with 
disease (esp. leprosy); (of crops) to be struck (by hail &c); 
to be blighted. Sabb. 87 b rvni33 npb the first-born (in 
Egypt) were smitten. Ib. 97 a ; Yomal9 b nplb . . . n^inn 
1S13.3. he who entertains a suspicion against worthy men, 
will be smitten with disease ; Ex. B. s. 3 Silpbb "Hjo JlfiK C]X 
nS*iSS thou, likewise, deservest to be afflicted with lep- 
rosy. Hull. 55 a nns iObl3S nnpb if one of its kidneys 
is disordered. — B. Mets. IX, 7 «inpb the wheat crop was 
blasted. — Ber. 18 b 'b Nb ibltt his crop was not struck by 
hail.— Makhsh. IV, 3, a. e. brYOfi ripb 1 ] abtt) that the wall 
may not suffer (from the rain) ; a. fr. — 2) (of luminaries) 
to be eclipsed. Mekh. Bo. s. 1 npib iianniro when there 
is an eclipse of the sun ; B^pib rYlVrafiias when planets 
are eclipsed; Succ. 29 a ; a. fr. — Part. pass, "^pb disordered, 
sickly, stunted. Sifra Thazr., Neg., ch. VII, Par. 5; Neg. 
X, 1 (expl. Lev. XIII, 30) *i2lp 'b pi dak means diseased 
(sparse) and short hair. Yeb. 80 a 'b lax "©aa!!} bs one 
born with defective genitals. Tosef. ib. X, 6 'b iblp his 
voice is abnormal (womanly, thin). Ib. 7 'b flblp her voice 
is abnormal (manlike; Yeb. 80 b ri33>). Ib. 'b 113>ir his hair 
is abnormal; a. fr. — 3) (law) to be punished ivith lashes. 
Mace. I, 1 Disn-iK fiplb he receives forty lashes (v. S?*TK). 
Ib.III, 1 "ppibri *|H lbs the following persons receive (thirty 
nine) lashes. Snh. IX, 5 fi3lUl 'bia ">a he who has been 
lashed twice (and commits the same offence again) ; 
Hif. Hpbn 1) to disaffect, weaken, strike. Ber. 18 b 113 
mix fipba hail will ruin his crops. Sabb. 113 b KlrilU i32a 
npba because it makes thin (weakens one's constitution); 
a. e.—Part. pass. Rpb*B sickly, broken down. Euth B. to 
I, 5 'al laiUJa Klri 5]K he (the messenger) was likewise 
broken down and sick; Lev. R. s. 17; Pesik. Vayhi, p. 66 a ; 
Pesik. B. s. 17 Snplba (part. Pu.). — 2) to punish tvith lashes, 
flog. Mace. Ill, 10 irllK ypVa Fta3 how many lashes does 
the court inflict? Ib. 12 IPilX "ppba 12^3 how is the flogging 
done? Kidd. 81 a TOla^n rQTJ Kb bs "ppba the court orders 
the flogging of a person for conduct giving rise to suspi- 
cion, basing its action on I Sam. H, 24. Gen. E. s. 7 rifiX 
ijpba, v. nbap; a. fr. 

)? .» ^r ■? cn - sanle ) t° oe affected, disordered, smitten, 
punished. Targ. O. Ex. V, 14 ipb (Y. Ipb). Ib. 16 ',pb (Y. 
l^pb). Ib. IX, 31, sq. Targ. Y. INum. XXVI, 11 ; a.'fr.— 
Tern. 4 b ipb ista:* why should he be punished?— Ib. 5 s 
ipb^b ia3 !*n let him, too, be punished. Y. Kidd. I, 61 b 
bot. '31 "pb^a rvja yw if it should happen to thee to suffer, 
it is better that I suffer in thy place ; Pesik. E. s. 23 — 24 
""abvi (corr. ace.) ; a. fr. 

Af. ipbst as preced. Hif. Targ. Deut. XXII, 18 "ppb^ 
(not 'b^l).' Ib. XXV, 2, sq. — Targ. I Sam. V, 6; a. fr.— 
Sabb. H3 b "'pbal )*Ki because it is ruinous to health. — 
Kidd. 81 a T"H3a1 Tsbo punished the woman of bad repute 
and published the cause(for the protection of her children, 
v. TS>b). Ib. '31 ipbb 103 *W why do you not likewise punish 
and publish?; a. fr. 



nrPptl f. (fipb) l) taking, seizing. Succ. 37 a (ref. to 
Lev. XXIli, 40) rran '3 *,'"#2 a real taking in hand is 
required. lb. 1HX 121 ">"» 'b an indirect taking (with glov- 
ed hand, by a string &c.). lb. ll b '31 'b 'b tpb*. he com- 
pares the expression Flpb (in Ex. XII, 22 a. Lev. 1. c.) ; a. 
fr. — 2) purchase, acquisition. Ex. K. s. 28, beg. (ref. to 
Ps.LXVIII,19) 1? rero 'b2 he gave the Law to him as an 
absolute acquisition. — Esp. taking a wife, betrothal. Y. 
Snh.IX, beg. 26 d ; Y.Yeb.XI,ll d top (ref. to Lev. XX, 14) 
'31 '3 2T3 1»1 *12*3UJ 2VO *ir6l33 in all the other laws 
of incest the verb shakhab is used, but here lakah is chosen, 
to intimate that one of the two must have been legally 
betrothed to him. Y. ib. VI, 7 b bot.; (Bab. ib. 55 b nrnp); 
a. e.— 3) taking away by death. Gen. R. s. 25, beg. 

-£pj?b, vpgb, v. a^. 

T^yJm. (vpb) gleaner, a sort of client, retainer. Shebu. 
46 1 ' "■Xtt ita""*Al 11*3ttJ how about his hired laborer or his 
client (may they take the oath)? — Y. Erub. VI, 23 c top 
"irpsl IHJattJ his (the gentile's) attendant or client. Keth. 
54 a '33 WlV""l* (Ar. 13lp32) and the reverse is the law (as 
to deducting from his wages the outlay for his garments) 
concerning the client; '?3 "pi the same is the law &c. 

T .2 n p2 Ich. same, esp. beggar.— PI. *&?%b, Y.Taan. 
IV, 69 a bot. '33 (ed. X'J^pb, con-, ace); Lam. R. to 11,2 
quot. in Arab. s. v. 2*1} ; v. 3?iplp I. 

TD 'p> II m. (part. pass, of Epb) pinched out, chiselled, 
in bass-relief (cmp. Syr. nz:pb embroidery, P. Sm. 1970). 
Targ. I Kings VII, 19. Ib. 26 ; Targ. II Chr. IV, 5 KWtBltttt 'b 
chiselled in the shape of a rose. 

n'^^p-P f. (apb) 'picking, collecting, harvesting. Peah 
I, 4 nnXD ini^p?" and such fruits as are harvested all at 
once (not singly as they become ripe). R. Hash.l4 b n.2?ttJ2 
VTUffl in-^pb the duty of giving tithes begins when it 
is being cut. Ib. 15 a ; Tosef. Shebi.IV, 21 1^223 inii*pb IfiX 
after it is harvested begins the duty &c. ; Succ. 40 a IJtfit 
fttftpb (inn). Ib. ll b *,*V rt ttJS BWl It ",no"p5 : the cutting 
them is their making (preparing for the religious cere- 
mony) ; a. fr. 

SD n ptp, Mp> m. (pp3, cmp. )^b a. Greek Xsxocvt]) 
bottle] flask. Targ. Jud. VI, 38 N3p3 ed. Lag. (Var. "pb, 
««>, Ar. SOIpp; h. text 3B&).— Sabb. 12 a {TOI ""pbb Ar. 
(Ms. M. iOpbb; ed. X3p3, corr. ace.) into a flask filled with 
water. Ib.l43 a (Ms.M. Hpib, corr. ace; Rashi Ms. Wlpb, 
v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 100). Ber. 62 a JOpVo . . . Klttplpa 
(Ms. 0. !"01p32) clappered .... with a nut in a flask. B. 
Kam.ll3 b , v. XJ^B.— PI. VT$t, ?}pb. Targ. Job XXXII, 
19, v. N3"yb.— Gen. R. s. 13, v. next w. 

NrWpb, Srp^F?^ f- (preced.) a little flask. Koh. 

r. to i, 7 'si moS) i^aVn uni did 'pi? *.iba (not rriuo) they 

filled a flask with (Ocean) water and added water there- 
to, and it absorbed it.— PI. XMiO-O-pb. Gen. R. s. 13 113m 

-« 'b X3a mb (Ar. 'plilpb x?a) they handed him flaskfuls 
&c; (Yalk. Koh. 967 Htt*)b *tna '13»). 

JlTp 2, Nl^p? 1 pr.n. m. Lakish, L'kisha; "jwattJ *-31 
'3 ',3, abbrev. '3 U5"i, 3"1 R. Simeon ben Lakish (Resh 
Lakish) an Amora, contemporary and brother-in-law of 
R. Johanan by whom he was converted from a lawless 
life. Hull. 56 a . Gitt. 47 a ; a. fr.— B. Mets. 84 a $,W>pb 13; 
a. e. 

# n pb II, tiyb m., Xtiy) c. (tip» slow, late (in 
the season); late rain / late-born (cmp. 3*B2<). Targ. Deut. 
XI, 14 (ed. Berl. 'p3). Targ. Y. Lev. XXVI,' 4. Targ. Hos. 
VI, 3; a. fr. — Snh. 18 b , a. e., v. 1*32. Koh. R. to VII, 26 
D*C05 'b, v. I" 1 *?*:.— Pl.)->ti">pb, K^iTPpb, ^pb; **)"£""&! Targ. 
Y. I Deut. XXXII, 2 '"pb. Targ. Gen. XXX, 42 (ed. Am. 
'USpb; h. text tnSaSH). Targ. Y. Ex. IX, 32— Gen. R.s. 73, 
end (ref. to bfK&h, v. supra) "j23l 'b the late-born were 
Laban's; Lev. R. s. 30 8\2J"p>? (corr. ace). 

cs~ly"p>, "p* f. (preced.) lateness, retardation. 
Targ. O. Gen. XXX, 42 ttt$ '32 (ed. BerL N"#<J"&, v. Berl. 
Targ. O. II, p. 11 ; ed. Amst. MlSp'b) when the sheep were 
late (tired). 

jP^m. Opb; transl. of Xeirxov) a very small copper 
coin. Y. Maas. Sh. IV, beg. 54 d '31 *pB?K *pin2 3X21X21 
(not '31 . . . 3X21N21) and in Arbela the Denar is worth 
two thousand P'rutahs and one Lakan.— Y. B. Mets. IV, 
beg. 9 C 1"OX '32 '3 to lend money on Lakan against L. 
(counting Lakans in place of Denars) is forbidden. 

&Op3, v. x:*p>3. 

ti : - t '• t 

"0p5 Lakni, name of a bird. Hull. 63 a . 

YY2 ( b - n -5 cm P- T&) to ia P> tick- Pesik. Zakh. p.26 b 
'31 pftS *"X2U fialX (not K2U5); Tanh. Ki Thetse 9 ; Yalk. 
Deut. 938, v. p3. 

Pi. pp*b same. Snh. 68 a '31 ppbitin 3333, v. 10fi. 

Eif. pbri same. Par. IX, 3 npba S**-TO "JBa (ed. Dehr. 
itpbn) because it (the weasel) laps (lets the water drip 
back out of its mouth). 

!2Jp> (b. h.) to be slow, late. 

Hif. Uitpb'n 1) to retard. Num. R. s. 1, beg. (ref. to 

m?BW0, Jer. II, 31 ; cmp. 3*B!*) HfllK **^p3 : **1 XOO 

did I ever promise . . . and retard it?; Tanh. B'midb. 2; 
Yalk. Jer. 267; Num. R. s. 23 Eenx "•WUp'brn . . X2H5 did I 
promise to bring you . . . and keep you back? — 2) to do 
a thing late, finish in a hurry, in a state of exhaustion. 
Lev. R. s. 30 (interpret. CpiP, Ps. CH, 1, with ref. to Gen. 

xxx, 42) i-i2ia*pb** nso-p i*i3stbaaa*.3B^33...32>iBn*-a 

5]1D3 (not 1PI3N353) as a laborer sits waiting for the time 
when he may rest a while from his labor, and finally 
finishes it in a hurry (when it is late). 

mpt) ch. same, Pa. UTpb to be late, tired. Targ. Y 
Gen. XXX, 42 "•Wpb (infin., not 'b), v. Kniiyipb. 





Af. Epb&Jl as preced. Hif. 2. Yalk. Ps. 855 (ref. to CpS*, 
v. preced.) iib lrpbai TiN Kim for he (the poor man) 
comes (to prayer late) and goes through it in a state of 

E5j?5, v. &i?\ 

iTlpb, inversion of bph (Dan. V, 25). Snh. 22 a D3N 03tf 

1B1C3 'b for •pons! bpn WO KM, 

3*Hb (= j?-«b, v. KS1X) below. Targ. Y. II Gen. XL, 23 
*Vl NlOri human favor, opp. b">3>bl. Targ.Ez.I, 27.— 3>i!ra 
(/rom) below. Targ. Gen. I, 7 (ed. Berl. Sllba). Targ.Deut. 
XXXIII, 13; a. e.— Y.B.Hash. II, 58 a bot.Y.PeahV,end, 
19 a Sib "]a; a. fr. — [In Hebr. grammar: Slba accent on 
the last syllable', b^rba on the penultima.] 

yiHJ^ c. (b. h. ; Jfcfc) 1) fow^ue. Ber. 61 a , v. Tjnn. Bekh. 
VI, 8 (40 a ), v. IBia. Lev. B. s. 16; a. v. fr.— PZ.'nisiuJb. 
lb. s. 33, beg.; a. e. — Transf. a) language. Sot. 49 ,J 'b 
■»011D, Syriac, v. "^fto; Wtpt\^> (abbr. p'Tlb) Hebrew; 
rYW 'b Greek; a. v. fr. — b) expression, phraseology, par- 
lance. Ber. 31 b , a. fr. trtfct "OS yittSVs, v. 131. Y. Ned. VI, 
beg. 39 c iilin 'b Biblical usage; X"3 'b common parlance 
(later Hebrew). — ">pa 'b or iT^pS 'b decent expression, 
euphemism. Gen. B. s. 70; s. 86 (ref. to Gen. XXXIX, 6) 
'3'b it is a euphemism, i. e.' the bread which he ate' means his 
marital life. Pes. 3 a ; a. fr. — Ib. b 113.3 'b respectful, chaste 
language.— Par. 1, 1 fTVablD 'bil lia what does the expression 
rviabffl mean?— Eduy.1, 3; Sabb. 15 a 131 'bn 1albDlN3i"Tm) 
in transmitting a tradition one must use the very words 
of the teacher, v. "pii ; Ber. 47\— blS3 'b a reiteration of the 
same word or an amplification. Cant.B. to 1, 16, opp. ElttJS 'b 
plain expression, v. infra. — 'b bs bsi3 'b assonance, allit- 
eration. Gen. B. s. 31 (irnj a. mull?); a. e.— 3>1Jl 'b (abbr. 
i"nb) ev«7 £a/&, calumny, gossip, denunciation. Arakh. 
lo b ; a. v. fr.— 13T'b, ri3p3 'b, v. 13t, !l3p3.— PJ. as ab. Y. 
Sabb. XIX, 17*j Y - Yeb - VIII > 8 dT bot. T (ref. to Van biain, 
Gen. XVII, 13) }<i 'f*tt3fP\ 'b the double expressions in- 
timate amplification (repeated action); '31 "pbl£3 'b ('b 
mblE3) they are merely double expressions, the Torah 
speaking in the usual way (according to popular usage, 
v. supra); Y. Ned. I, beg. 36 c . Y. B. Bath. VIII, end, 16 c 
'b ^bsn linguists ; a. fr. — 2) anything tongue-shaped, strip, 
strap, wedge. Yoma VI, 8, v. rniint. Erub. 12 a 31 'b a 
small inlet, creek; a. fr.— PI. as ab. B. Mets. II, 1 bm 'b 
•jaMX purple wool coming in straps; Erub.96 b , opp. "pEin 
in threads. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. VIII, 6 'b Wi3 two straps 
of a bed, v. PPib I.— Kel. XVIH, 4 'b bs> 13113113 pba a bot- 
tom of a bed made to rest on wedge-shaped corner 
pieces; a. e. 

rPp" 1 ^!? f. (=rwbttJb, v. nzbtib) juice of a plant used 
for drying*. Tosef. Kil. IH, 12. Tosef. Shebi. V, 6; Y. ib. 

vn, 37 c top tr u gwfofl . 

7l3vJj), y"!p f. (b. h.) cell, chamber, compartment. 
Midd. V, 4 ysii risob the compartment (in the Temple) 
for the storage of wood ; 'b the compartment con- 
taining the pilgrims' well; hNWl 'b, v. ttti. — Esp. 'bil the 

Temple treasury for congregational sacrifices. Slick. II J, 2 
'bil MX pallfl . . UJbUJ2 the funds in the treasury are ar- 
ranged in three piles. Ib. 'bil Maim the treasure of &c. 
Ib. IV, 1 'bil nalina yott) "pbaiS receive their wages out 
of the Temple fund; a. fr.— PI. WOttflj. Midd. V, 3. Tarn. 
Ill, 3 ; a. e. 

SrGtpb, '^TO ch. same. Targ. Y. Num. XIX, 2 
'b niJlSx'=*=h.Si3tt5bii nailfi, v. preced. Targ. Jer.XXXV, 
4 ; a. fr.— PI. KrOUJb, fW^, '-h. Targ. I Chr. IX, 26. Targ. 
Ezek. XL, 17; a. fr. 

NFltOTttjb, ' n b (v. next w.) foam (of nostrils). Targ. 
Job XXXIX, 20. 

n"Z*OE3^, ' n !p f.(transpos. of nblubttJ, v. bbttj a.cmp. late 
Hebr. bltiJbllJ diarrhosa) secretion, chicken's dirt, spittle &c 
Sabb. XXI, 2. 

"]P>> Hif- ytityn (b. h.; denom. of "jittib) to slander, 
speak evil of. Esth. B. to 111,9 '=1 Drvbs Til pV U3S Satan 
arose and denounced them (the Israelites) before the Lord. 
Ex. B. s. 3 '31 THUS tt)Il3!i »ia as well as I smote the serpent 
when he spoke evil (of the Lord). Ib. bs lbttJ nx Jipb 
'PHU was punished because he had spoken lightly (of the 
Israelites, Ex. IV, 1); a. fr. 

"jtEb, Af. w ,U:b5< ch. same. Targ. Prov. XXX, 10. 

[Tib, v. nnb. 

(SrO f.(nib,denom. of T\*\b,to join, attach,\. P.Sm.1920) 

1) fellowship, company. Yeb. 29 a rVm 'b Dliua nnins rTWa 
they made her sister subject to Halitsah (v. fi-S' 1 ?!!) on 
account of her associate in the case (i. e. her sister). — 

2) that which clings to a person, fate, luck. B. Mets. 20 b oiffla 
3>p& IT 1 *! "^rib the cedar column burst in my luck (to 
avenge the wrong done me). Ib. 106 a Still T^nb DlttJa 
(-p">l "P)b) it happened in thy (bad) luck ; itfnb DTOa in 
my bad luck. 

ninrp f. (nnb) moistening the grain before grinding. 
Pes. 36 a "p'pin iin^b 'b the moistening is not done by 
careful persons (priests). Ib. 40 a 'b xbn iliipsb IttJBK iJ< 
Ms. M. (ed. IT^pS) white flour cannot be produced with- 
out moistening. Ib. '31 'b h 2Ql S<b "^X if it required no 
moistening what is the guard for? (v. "llH^ia). 

m. (b. h.) Lethekh, a dry measure, half a Kor 
(113); also (='b ITO) a land-measure. Shebu. VI, 3.— B. 
Mets. 104 a ; B. Bath.7 a xbx 13 f^VtO B"3-'X . . 113 n^n 121X!1 
'31 'b if one said, 'I sell thee a Beth-kor of land', although 
it measures only a L. &c. 

"TITO (cmp. taib a. Arab, latta) to stir, mix, esp. to 
stir the grain in water for the purpose of moistening it 
before grinding, in gen. to wash or moisten grain. Tosef. 
B. Kam. X, 9 "jnnb xbl and the miller omitted to moisten 
it. Tosef. Makhsh. HI, 2 '31 b'JD "jnnibb to have them 
washed in the dew or rain. Pes. 36 a '31 "pnnib "pX must 
not be washed before grinding; a. fr. 





_ 'oh. same. Pes. 36 a [read:] nifl>3 TO nFfeia (v. 
Kabb. I). S. a. 1. note 9 ; Ms. M. tTHrtb, read TflBSft Pa.) let 
it also be permitted to wash (the grain for the meal- 
offerings), Y. Gitt. I, 43 c "prfj "jinx no how do you moisten 

the wheat (without fitting it for levitical uncleanness)? — 
"p!"P£3 "pnbl "ps^d 'Cp^U "JDX we boil eggs and wash with 
the water in which they were boiled; Y. Shebi. V, 36° 
top (corr. ace). 


U Mem, the thirteenth letter of the Alphabet. It inter- 
changes with 3, esp. in the plural termination O" 1 ^-, (Chald.) 
V— > e.g. ■pX/nip=diX'iip, y»e*T=tPt?n &c.,with d, v. letter 
d. — a is frequently inserted for emphasizing a succeed- 
ing labial, cmp. ya+WJqb a. "HBO, btt^at a. XSpbdT &c— 
a as a preformative letter in denominatives, e. g. nata 
from ndT, xnaia from mi, 25n"iK73 from SIX &c. 

12y as a numeral letter, forty, ['a the letter Mem, 
v. a"a.] 

~Q,""72 (followed by Dagesh forte), -a, -To (before 
gutturals) prefix for ",a, l) from, of, e. g. dipaa /ro»t a 
j?Zace; "'naxa from what time &c. — "bxa, v. w. — 2) (v. 
"TO) /rom £Ae time that, when; from the fact that, since; 
also separated TO. e. g. Sot. IX, 7 Hp53>n nsnsnattJa after 
the heifer has been killed; Num. It. s. 2 *TOX Xinia "a 
(=n»3) after having said; Y.Shek.V, end, 49 b *i«-pa when 
I come back; Y. Peah VIII, 21 b top "dl "jTrtn ^a *,1-itn ^a 
when we come back, — when they came back &c. ; Y. Ber. 
II, 5 C hot. rrn^Bo ed. Lehm. (ed. n*ndO ^a) because I 
thought; Y. Taan. IV, 69 a 'ppWa (Lam. R. to II, 2 JO 
*ppE21) when they came forth ; a. fr. 

2£Q, 1XQ ch. = h. na, 1) ichat? Targ. 0. Gen. XXXI, 
26 ed. Berl. (mostly Ha, q. v.). dX Xa, contr. d^xa toTta* 
(will happen) if?, suppose, perhaps. Targ.O. Gen. XVIII, 
24 dN xa ed. Berl. (oth. ed. a. Y. d^xa); a. tt.-^'pl Xa, 
contr. -pTO, "pTO w/«a£ M tfus?, ?<;^? Targ. I Kings I, 13 
■p xa (na) (ed. Lag. pla ; h. text 5JTTO). Targ. Jer. XII, 1. 
Targ.O. Gen. XL, 7 (some ed. "p* na); a. fr.— 2) how! lb. 
XXVIII, 17 (ed. Berl. xa, oth. ed. a. Y. na). 

riTDJSD, Pesik. B. s. 33 'a 1VS 1Tl», a corruption, 

prob. for rwri« mns nnx, v. nix n. 

"ISQ m. (b. h., v. Schr. KAT2, p. 564) much; (adv.) 
very. Ber. IX, 5 (ref. to "pxa Deut. VI, 5) .'.fften ma idd 
'a 'an lb rmo nn . . (Ms. M. a. Y. ed. 'a 'a; Bab. ed. 54 a 
'a 'ad omitted) whatever measure he may measure out 
to thee, give thanks to him very, very much. Ab. IV, 4 
'3} i"in 'a 'a be exceedingly lowly in mind (humble). 

D n "lHD m. (a^x) the planet Mars. Gen.R. s.10. Sabb. 
129 b , v. XVlTI; a. e. T 

' TT ' 

1"0"l&tQ scales, v. xnia. 

n^Z2 (b. h.) one hundred. Tosef. Ber. VII (VI), 24 
mxa 'a one hundred religious acts. lb. 8; a. v. fr. — 
Pesik.Vattom.,p.l31 b d , nii; "i&n 'a ninety-eight ; a. fr.-Dtt. 
d^nxa. Ex. B. s. 23; Mekh. B'shall., s.6. Mace. 1,2. Keth. 
I, 2, v. na^nS; a. fr.— PI. nixa. Mace. 23 b ; a. fr. 

PJtfQ ch. same. Targ. Gen. V, 3, sq. ; — Dw.'pHXa, 
ir«ta. T Ezra VI, 17. — Targ. Gen. XXXII, 15; a. fr. — PL 
•plXa. "jlXa, XnilXa. Targ. II Sam. XVIII, 4 ed. Lag. (ed. 
•pxa; corr. ace). Targ. I Sam. XXIX, 2. — Targ. 0. Ex. 
XVIII, 21 Xnixa ed. Berl. (oth. ed. '}Xa; Y.'ViXa);— 
Y. Kil. IX, S2 b bot. 'pais 'a rtn three hundred fasts; Y. 
Keth. XII, 35 a bot. "jnxa (corr. ace). Y. Naz. V, end, 54 b 
"jrvo 'a nbn three hundred Nazarites ; 'p3d"ip 'a San nine 
hundred sacrifices; (Y. Ber. VII, ll b hot.; Gen. B. s. 91 

nxa n?n, rata sian); a. fr. 

iHSQ V. 01 ' "&^?J m. (Arab, mawz) the fruit oftlie 
wild Strawberry-tree or Arbutus (v. Low Pfl.p.334; Sm. 
Ant. s. v. Arbutum). — 'a "a the juice of the wild Straw- 
berry, used for adulterating honey. Koh. B. to VI, 1 ; IX, 
13 Var. in Lonzano (ed. OlKO, D^xa, D^Xa); Tosef.B.Bath. 
V, 6 ",1Xa ed. Zuck. (corr. ace ; Var. fWO, read : fflSQ) ; 
Sifra Vayikra, Hoba, Par. 12, ch. XXII; Yalk. Lev. 479 
"p^Sa (corr. ace). 

D1&W2, Y. Ab.Zar. V, 44 d bot. 'ab=dlXaXP, v. D1XBX. 

"]j^Q, v. nxa. — [Tosef. B. Bath. V, 6 "pxa ed. Zuck., 
v. ma.] 

DI^D or D1SD, Koh. R. to VI, 1 ; IX, 13, v. MXa.— 
[Part. pass, of dxa, q. v.] 

OWD, HDIfctD, v. ckrto, xoiXTO 

"lUSD m. (b. h. ; -fix) 1) luminary, light. Ber. VIII, 5 
Beth-Shammai reads U3Xn Tixa X"QO (Blessed be &c.)who 
created the Ught of fire; Beth Hillel ttixn "nixa x^ld the 
Creator of the lights (colors) of fire. Tosef. ib. VI (V), 6 
they differ '=1 'an bs as to the order of the benedictions 
over light and over spices; Ber. 52 b ; Pes. 103 a ; a. fr. — 
D'W 'a eye-sight. Ib. 62 b . Y. Taan. IV, 68 d top.— Hag. 5 b 
(euphem.) Xin d^3> 'ai he is "blind (cmp. X'n'ins).— Ber. 
17 a niin 'ad .... "J^^S may thy eyes shine through the 
light of the Law. Midr. Till, to Ps. CXIX, 135 d^S 'ad 
with a shining face (benevolence) ; a. fr. — PI. mhixa ; 
constr. "nixa. Ber. 52 b TXS C 'a ndin there is a com- 




bination of lights (colors) in the artificial light. lb. i:pV>B 
"mxal "nxa they differ as to (saying in the benediction) 
maor or m'ore, v. supra. Meg. IV, 6 Y^a 'a nx*i X312J ba 
he who has never seen the luminaries (born blind). Ber. 
12 a (closing formula of a morning benediction) "tin ""iSY 1 
the Creator of the luminaries; a. fr. — 2) light-hole, open- 
ing, window. Ohol.XIlI,l nbTlPQ 'a niBWrt he who leaves 
an opening (in the wall) from the start (when building). 
Tosef.ib.XIV, l'ab 1XUJ5J1D nns an opening which one made 
to serve as a window ; "ob 1B"<5.n if he filled the window 
up. Sabb. XXIV, 5; a. fr. 

3?n"lS)!3 m. (snx I) event, occasion. Sifre Deut. s. 1 ; 
Yalk. ib. 792 'an GU5 bv lX*lpD they were named from a 
certain event which occurred there. Gen. It. s. 37, end 
'an Eiiab pU3 pWWH3 Tft they passed (invented) names 
referring to events (instead of to genealogy). Y. Taan. 
I, 63 d bot. 'an *tb . . . jtiin *bb according to the season, 
according to the needs of the occasion. Sabb. 24 a laiXl 
'an "pra and insert words (in the prayer) corresponding 
to the needs of the occasion; (Tosef. Ber. Ill, 10, sq. snsia 
ed. Zuck., Var. SJIIxa); a. fr. 

■ptrmn, fstSwn,v.^. 

J, v. ynsjva. 

D"0JSD, D^3?SDm.du. (b.h.;Tm)i)6afonces. Ab. 
II, 8, v.'C]3. Pesik. R*. s. 20 'an D.i*nptt3 l^ttJSa his deeds are 
weighed on balances; — 2) Libra, a sign in the Zodiac. 
Ib. Yalk. Ex. 418; a. e. 

sSPSp, 12 m. collect, n. (^nx) harmonious singers, 
chorus. T Targ. II Esth. I, 2, beg. '31 STf*! 'a -px (Var. "px 
2"Wi mia) like a chorus that renders praise &c. 

S^mSQ, v. xnna. 

T T t' t -: - 

" i; inSQ"m. (nnx; cmp. "*TO) ■"'"fftHJ, seam made by 
stitching together the rents of a garment after mourning 
time. Treat. S'mah. ch. IX. 

"'SIj (= ^n xa) what?; why? Ber. 2 a 'ai *m X3S5 'a 
what does the change in putting evening before morning 
mean ?, i. e. why does the redactor of the Mishnah put 
&c? Ib. '31 ixm ifcttaail and whence is it proven that this 
&c.?— Ib. b inai 'al and what does v'taher mean? Ib. 'a 
"laiXl why this v'omer, i. e. why is another citation re- 
quired? Ib. 3 b , a. fr. 1&6 'a, v. 166. Ib., a. fr. XaS» 'a, v. 
Xasa. Hull. 107 b Tl 'a... MIS "31 and even if one touch 

T -j _ 

the other, what of it? Ib. 'ax, v. iJOttt Gitt. 56 b XHVlOX 
X">n 'a... those remedies (mentioned before) which cured 
B.Z.— what are they? Pes. 3 b ",apn Wl 'a what does this 
(case) before us mean? Snh. 39 a ^Xn 'a what does this 
(sigh) mean? — Pes. 9 a , a. fr. 'a ^xn, v. TRhj a. v. fr. — In 
Talm. Y. also To, ^a. Y. Ber. VI, 10 b ; ib. Ill, 6 b bot., v. 
yria; a. fr. 

D" 1 ^, v. Xa. [Koh. R. to VI, 1; IX, 13, v. WXa.] 

"j"SQ m. pl.=T«a, water. Targ. H Chr. XXXII, 4; a.e. 

yiD n SD, Pesik. B. s. 33 'a laix + '"i (Y. Sabb. II, 4 a 
bot. YBPH&), corrupt, of yPVMP, v. "p3">*jbx. 

D n SQ, Koh. B. to VI, 1 ; IX, 13, v. tixa. 

D SS/Q (v. OXa) to be sticky, soiled; to be repulsive 
(cmp.&Vn). Targ. Ps. XXXVIII, 6 (Ms. TOa^X, v. *??).— 
B. Kam. 18 a XWVa 'til (not blNal), v. Wl— Part. OTfcO. 
Targ. Ps. LVIII, 9 (ed. Wil. DXa, read OXa).— Keth. 68° 
*b$ 'a he is repulsive to me. Yoma 63 b 'tit UWO because 
it is offensive (on account of blemishes).— Ber. 50 b ifa 
'a xVr Ms. M. (ed. O^xaa) something which is not sticky 
(the handling of which does not create aversion) ; a. e. — 
PI. "pD^Xa, i&itoi. Targ. Y. Deut. XXVIII, 13 (opp.'pVjria).— 
Yeb. 100 a "til ailtta because they (tbe uncircumcised and 
the unclean) are rejected on account of their physical 
condition; a. e.— Lam. R. to 111,45 (transl. Oixal ^nc, ib.) 
X^GB x^bXa loathsome, outcasts, v. X^"GB. 

Ithpe. G^xax to become repulsive, to decay. Ber. 50 ',v. 
supra. Pes. 28 a Dixaa 1 ! pan Ms. M. 1 (Ms. M. 2 O^Xa"!; 
ed. Caal) leavened matter which decays in course of 
time; ib. Cnxaa nbi X"3> Ms. M. 1 (Ms. M. 2 nO^Xa; ed. 
n&psa, v. Rabb.D. S. a. l.note) an idolatrous object which 
is not subject to decay. 

nD" 1 ff>Q f. (bXa) rejection, contempt; use of the verb 
DXa. Lam.'R. toV, 20 ; Pesik. R. s.31 ; Yalk. Is. 332. Lam. 
R. to V, 22 (ref. to t>Xa ib.) 'ai tjd ton rrb 'a QX if it 
be a rejection, there is no hope (of a reconciliation), but 
if it be anger, there is hope. 

Sri' : l&" l lSD f. (o^xa) repulsiveness. Men. 69 a 'a BiiDa 
'31 iin^MDiXaV XT?X . . . Xin Ms. R. (ed. xmb^Xai) is it on 
account of repulsiveness (that they must not be used for 
offerings), and when they have been sown, their repul- 
sivenesswis gone, or &c. ? 

I 'CyJ pr. n. m. Me'ir, esp. R. M., a renowned Tannai, 
disciple of R. Akiba and of Elisha ben Abuya (v. Pr. 
Darkhe Mish., p. 154, a. SE^px). Erub. 13 b laffl 'a "1 nb 
lattJ XttJ^a '"i xbx (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) his name was 
not R. M. but R. Maysha. Hor. 13 b , v. "inx. Gen. R. s. 9, 
a. fr. 'a '1 bttJ VhVa in R. M.'s copy of the Pentateuch. 
Hull. IV, 4; a. v. fr. 

iTPKH, Kfrmn, v. sub -m. 

t •• : t : •• : " 


n^SD, v. ma. 
•J«n, v. qn. 

n^Q ch. (v. T^a) to sink; to be humbled. Targ. Jud. 
VI, 6. Targ. Is. II, 9. Ib. XXV, 5 VDXa 1 : (ed. Ven. V]; ed. 
Wil. ",1DXa"i, corr. ace). Ib. XXIX, 4; a. fr. 

Af. Tpxax 1) to lower, humble. Ib. LI, 23; a. fr.— Targ. 
Ps. XLIV, 20 'axax Ms. (ed. '=ax, v. ^a).— 2) to lower 
one's self, bow down. Targ. Is. 1. c. 

Pa.TpXp,,^Xa to lower, humble. Ib.XXV, 5. Ib.XXVI, 5 
Levita (ed.^ ' Af.). Targ. Job XVII, 13. Targ. Ps.CXL VII, 6 




Ms.(ed.7,'VS3,v.7|= , 2). Targ. Prov. XXIX, 11 ed^Til. [read :] 
— n - : lowers it (appeases the fool's anger), v. 3KJn. 

&CSE, V.K30. 

T T « T 

nbiDl$23 f. (b?X) 1) fouse. Nidd.l4 a . lb. 52 b . Tosef. Sabb. 
XVI (XVII), 21 ; Sabb. 12 a ; a. fr.— P/. niblSXO. Y. Nidd. 
II, 49 (1 bot. (ed. Krot. sing.).— 2) wood-xcorm. — PL as ab. 
Y. Taan. IV, 69 c "2 ' ptf tg "px do not produce worms (are 

never worm-eaten); Lam. R. introd. (R. Z'era) rb 


^DSI2 m. (b. h.; b2X) food; meal; meal-time. Sabb. 

10 a ; Pes. 12 b On* b2X*:' v. O^b. Ber. 40 a "IS 11DX 

UTttSTai - "jrv«a3 a person is forbidden to eat before giving 
food to bis animal. Taan. 20 a DlX '3 food fit for human 
beings; a. fr.— [Y.Hag. H, end, 78 c PfBO ^EX '3 "«, read : 
r-s: -£X bi-. "rx, v. ba\] — PI. nibaxo. Gen. R. s. 20 
=-xr '3 b="X WTMB that thou shouldst eat food like human 
beings; (Tosef. Sot. IV, 17 B'O'WO, Var. BTW bsxa). 

n>»SD f. (b. h.; b2X) [preparing food,] slaughter- 
ing knifed Gen.R. s. 56, v. "IWBL Pirke d'R. El. ch. XXXI. 
Pesik. R. s. 40. Gen. R. 1. c. tm nniX man through the 
merit of (taking up) that knife (Gen. XXII, 10). 

"ODDNQ, Targ. Prov. XXIV, 25, v. bO^JO. 

Jtf^Sp, m. (bbx) spy.— PI. *£&*», T^w?- Tar S- 
Josh, H, 1. 'Targ. 0. Num. XXI, 2; a. fr. 

jUtXQ, Tosef. Maasr. I, 7 ed. Zuck., v. h^z. 

HENS m. (b. h.; *iox) 1) command, order. Ab. V, 1 
'21 inx TO xbril could not the universe have been created 
by one divine command?— Meg. 21 b ; R. Hash. 32 a rTflWlQ 
X"- '~ TOO the first verse of Genesis is also to be consider- 
ed a command. Gen. R. s. 4 *XQ n">lbn . . . BT2ri the upper 
waters are suspended (in the air) by a divine ordain- 
ment; Taan. 10 a .— Sabb. 63 a PT3X33 fiiso MTMl who 
executes a divine command as it has been ordained; a. 
e. — Pl. tVftOKO. Ab. 1. c. 'Bl "a nittwa the world was 
created by ten divine orders (counting nine "i-X"Yin Gen. 
ch.I, and the first verse, v. supra). — 2) word, esp. madmar, 
the Tabam's betrothal (v. 33^) by word of mouth, con- 
trad, to the consummation of marriage (i"iX"). Yeb. II, 1 
10 H3 rTBJB if he betrothed her to himself; Y. ib. 3 C TO 
'z' la x*n what is a madtnar with regard to a Y'bamah'i 
Saying, 'Be betrothed unto me', while handing to her 
money or money's worth, lb. "raia "a betrothal consum- 
mates the yabam's marriage (carrying with it all the legal 
consequences of his marriage), v. "T25; a. v. fr. 

S""i72&^3, constr."3Xa ch. same, word, sentence. Targ. 
Prov/xVl, 24. Targ. Cant. V, 13; a. e.—Pl. X^EX - ?, constr. 
■noao. Targ. Prov. IV, 5 (ed. Lag. -» t1*?&ay. 

"jS/!2, Pi. "X-:, T#B (b. h.; v. "jix) to deny, refuse, eep. 
1) (of a woman betrothed in childhood, on arriving at 
majority) to protest against, to annul one's marriage. 
Yeb. XIII, 1 rnOIIX xbx fSKSB "px only betrothed (not 

married) women may have their obligation cancelled. Ib. 
'21 rnap X*rr, ftBttsa she may protest (have her marriage 
cancelled) even while yet a minor, and even four or five 
times in succession. Ib. 2 •xob n3"nsE . . . TPX what minor 
is bound to make declaration (before leaving her husband)? 
— Ib^^l 2TX3 n3X33H if a woman refuses her husband 
by declaration, he is permitted to marry her kindred (who 
otherwise would be forbidden to him); a. v. fr. — 2) to 
advise a protest. Eduy. VI, 1 '2* z'lX'C"'^ that the court 
eventually advises women married as minors to protest ; 
Nidd. 8 a ; Ber. 27 a .— V. ftKTO. 

1SQ (cmp. X3) who?, what?,tchich?; (relat.) who,which. 
[Targ. •,■?.] Sabb. 57 a , a. fr. '=1 "Ol "a, v. 1311. Yeb. 107 b 
",b VTlM xb '3 who is meant by 'they did not agree with 
him'? Ib., a. fr. X3J"i '3 who is the authority for the law 
just quoted?, i. e. whose opinion is here represented? — 
Hull. 50 a *Tl '3 "13X somebody said; Bets. 27 a ; M. Kat. 
22 a ; (Nidd. 48 a K"m I). Y. Kil. IX, 32 b Ol T» '3 ^TH plB 
go out and see who it is that wants thee outside (an in- 
timation of a teacher's displeasure) ; Gen. R. s. 33 (some 
ed. yc). Ber. 30 b ; Hull. 7 a '31 X133 '73 Tn see how great 
a man gives testimony about him. Y. Maas. Sh. H, 53 b 
bot. '21 "fJUWI '3 according to him who says &c; a. v. 
fr.— V. TO. 

]ND,"jNE, fcOXE, ]12, #712 m. (v.preced.) [thing,] 
1) vessel, utensil. Targes. II, 9. T Targ. Lev. XI, 33; a. fr. 
(interch. with "jO, ',3).— B. Kam. 17 b "On XTOn 'O it was 
a broken vessel he broke. Ib.^bTX'o inn ira we judge by 
the final cause by which the vessel was broken; a.v. fr.— PL 
■-:x-9,X^:X3,i:xr,':3. Targ.Ex.XI,2;— Sabb.l05 b 13n 
"'"Pan '3 broke broken vessels (pretending to be angry); a. fr. 
-2) (cmp. "<b3) garment, dress. Ib. I13 b ; Snh. 94 a rr:X3b -np 
'21 called his dress (garments) &c, v. 1331; B. Kam.91 b 
■:X3b (corr. ace; v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.).— B. Mets. 47 a '33 
iTVifSpA ~-Z~ (symbolical possession has been given) by 
means of a garment fit for the purpose ; a. fr. — PL as ab. 
Ber. 6 a . Y.Kil. IX, 32 b top; Y.Keth.XH, 35 a top ••i:XT2, v. 
viz: a. fr.— 3) (=h. ",p:p) [handle,] coulter of the plough. 
B. Mets. 80 a . 

DfctE (b. h. ; cmp. DOB) [to melt, faint,] (with 3) to be 
tired of, loathe; (with accus.) to cast away, reject. Ber. 8 a 
'31 inbsra 0X13 rVapn "px the Lord never tires of the 
prayer of assemblies. Sifra B'huck. ch. Ill, Par. 2 0X13 
ennxa despises others (for being his betters); (ib. 0X13 
O^IHX, corr. ace.). Tanh.Mishp. 11'2T|CXE "02 their god has 
rejected them; Ex. R. s. 31. Ib. '31 nD£QV r*"2X is it true 
that thou hast rejected thy son?; a. fr.— Part. pass. OWO, 
f. riOM»; pi. 313:1x3, "C5X-3; tV&tXq. Midr. Till, to Ps. 
LXXV,9 (play on CE2, Deut. XXXTI, 34) 3^31X3? 0133 
reserved for the rejected (nations; differ, in Sifre Deut. 
324). Der. Er. ch. II Utl'tfWl '3H those who are despised 
in their own eyes (think little of themselves); a. e. 

Nif. 0X33 to be repulsive, loathsome; to be rejected. 
Sifra B'huck. Par. 2, ch.VIH (ref. to Lev. XXVI, 44) . . . "Oi 
lbrJ3 xbri ^OX - ;: xbSJ . . what has been left to them so 
that (it might be said) they were not cast away and 
loathed?; Yalk. Lev. 675 (corr. ace). Hag. 5 a W and be- 




comes loathsome (creates aversion to his neighbor). — 
V. Cl&Oa. 

DSD ch. same. Targ. Y. Lev. XXVI, 44; a. e.— V. 


Ithpa. cxarx to melt, faint. Targ. Ps. LVIII, 8 Ms. 
(ed. "JIOarYi). * 

Ithpe. B'SWK, v. O^xa. 

US$12 m. (preced.) rejection, contempt. Lam. R. introd. 
(R. Abba 2) niin itt) noxa the contempt of the Law; (Y. 
Hag. I, 76° mva DDSaisS). 

NGS£ m. (TOt) /«eafer. Targ. Job XXXI, 18 Var. Ms. 
(ed. N2X2,'Ms. 1*2X2).— PI. pWtt, constr. ">5>;*a. lb. XIII, 4 

■naws (not ^*wap). 

nososs, v. xoxB??. 

T ~ • T T - • T ' I 

^nwEDsn, v. tot*?* 

rtSS/2 f. (b. h.; liSX) something baked, batch. Men. 

v, 9 riBiD nsxa, v. nwa. Erub. vn, 10 swn nxo 'a 'ibk 

HD11B even a batch of a S'ah but consisting of broken 
pieces; Y. ib. VI, 23 d top. Ab. Zar. 35 b , v. "^IIB. 

"£SQ ch. same. Targ. 0. Lev. II, 4 ed. Berl. (oth.ed. 

ns . ., ns . .). 

^DS/G m. (b. h.; ^BS) darkness. Tanh. B'midb. 2 &6 
Erbsxa ... "OX did I not myself illumine your darkness? 

rn>SfNQ f. (b. h.; preced.) 1) darkness, gloom. Yalk. 
Jer. 267 (ref. to Jer. II, 31) 'a p» SMI ITIfcO XMUJ . . XaU3 
did I tell them that it was a beautiful land, and it was 
a land of gloom? — 2) (homil.) lateness, procrastination. 
Ib/21 XattJ hi^ttW X"1(corr. ace.) another interpretation; 
did I promise to bring you good things and procrastinate 
it? rrop'bn fltA s6x 'a "pNI, v. fitter?; Tanh. B'midb. 2; 
Mase 9; Num. R. s. 1 ; s. 23; Yalk. Num. 683. 

"18J0, SIKH for* v. -in IV. 

T T T ' 

P~ sKQ, "sv2 f- (*>• n « ; "™) cwrse, ew7; decrease, de- 
struction, opp. PO^S. Ber. 20 b '31 'a son curse (poverty) 
will come upon him &c. ; Y. Dem. II, 22 d bot.; Y. Peah 
V, end, 19 a . Y. Snh. X, 28 b ; ib. 29 d 'a fha tt&ta (not 
n^bt'1) curse (poverty) was given power over them. Tanh. 
B'resh. 11 'a^> niT^la 13X na why should we give birth 
for curse (to see our offspring perish)?; Gen. R. s. 23. Ib. 
s. 34.— Sifra Thazr., Par. 5, ch. XIV (ref. to mxaa, Lev. 
XIII, 51) Ol 'a 12 *,n put a curse on it (the garment) 
that no use be made thereof. Bets. 15 b "a "^S2 l^>bn these 
(being the last to leave) are poor men. Tosef. Kidd. 1,11 
'a nb snn (Var. Xlia) she will be cursed; a. ir. — Pl. 
rvhxa, "WX Tosef. B. Bath. VI, 2 ftvub 'a TOS (ed. Zuck. 
ftX'tib D"na) ten spoiled (bitter) pumpkins out of each 

nSTIND f. (cp», dial, for Cp» or tpn ; v. ?iB*aa a. 

nsinn) shovel, rake.— PI. niBllNa. Shebi. V, 4 ed. (Ms. M. 


"HSQ pr. n. m., v. *na. 

SD n "lSD m. (D1K) = Xt)^6t, tenant. Lev. R. s. 5, end 

T • -: - \ - -./ t • -:' 

nin 821: 'a *m David was a smart tenant (that knows 
how to persuade the landlord to reduce the rent). 

"JDIIKQ = -,D-1N na. Mekh. B'shall., Vayassa, s. 1, v. 

• ™)SD m. (3nx I, v. snixa) that which is struck against, 
object of attack, mark. Targ. Job VII, 20 (h. text 3>5,Sa). 

S2HMD, N3T15?D, constr. snxa/Na.'Sa, 'a m.(3nxil) 

tSt: t : t : - t T' - T» - i ' x - -: ' 

anp 'a holy convocation, festival. Targ. O. Lev. XXIII, 
3; 8 'sa, tfa ed. Berl. (oth. ed. '?a); Y. 'WO; a. fr. — PL 
constr. W*9i '??• Ib. 4; a. fr. 

■tfKQ, v.-vaa. 
SinSD fowm, v. ana. 

T T T T 

ypMO, l^Q, v.nxa. 
W»Sa, v. wm 

T T - t • : 

5S«Ou> ""5-lZJ pr. n.m. Mabgay, a Samaritan name. 
Mace. li a ; Gen.R.s.80 (NKtta), v. in.— Erub.64 b ; Tosef. 
Pes. I (II), 27 isaitf 'a my name is M. 

CSJprQu m. (nn2) causing shame, degenerate. Targ. 
Prov. T X, 5; XVII, 2; a. e. 

S"DQ, pi. rviisiaa, v. itas. 

r r : ' t 

n^IDD m. ch.= h. iba. Erub. 15 a . B.Bath. 21 b 12 

T T 

'a the inmate (of a building) in an alley. Keth. 77" SMn 
'a (fem.). 

X0,12 pr. n. m. Mabog. Zeb. 9 b . 

I jD m. (b. h. X12a ; K12) entrance, gate, esp. entrance 
fo a group of buildings, alley, lane. Erub. I, 1 KinttJ 'a 
'31 ITDU an entrance the joist over which lies higher than 
&c. Ib. 8 b \na rnUSM 'a an alley formed like a polyp 
(with side entrances beside the main gateway). Tosef. 
ib. I, 2 nnS mis 1*s uriD 'a an alley which has the shape 
of a gate (archway) ; a. fr. —PI. nitfina (fern.). B. Bath. 
21 b 'a i» inmates of the same alley. Y. Ber. II, 4 b top 
rVttffttan 'a filthy alleys ; a. fr. 

51SQ m. (b.h.;b33; v.Friedr.Del.Proleg.,p.l22)Jecrty, 
destruction. Gen. R. s. 1 00 'an ^DSa in order to accelerate the 
decay (of my body in the ground; Midr. Haggad. ^man). 
Snh. 108 b UK bU5 'a a destruction by fire; d*vo hw 'a by 
water ; Gen. R. s. 39. Tosef. Taan. Ill (II), 1 11232 *jD VttJ 'a a 
destruction of all flesh (flood, Gen. IX, 11) ; 11132 \>W 'a ed. 
Zuck. (Var. DiW ^>U3 'a) of individuals; ib. 1^12a Kin W 




this (drowning) is his mabbul (v. infra); 131 bUJ 'a an epi- 
demic. — Esp. ('-it) Me flood of Noah's days. Snh. X, 3, v. 
Tin. Gen. R. s. 31 'an "H2J3K the men of the flood-period; 
a. v. fr. 

X^llSQ ch. same. Targ. Hab. Ill, 6; a. e.— Gen. R. s. 
33 'aa . . . HE3 X? Palestine was not submerged during 
the flood ; Cant. R. to IV, 1. Gen. R. s. 32, v. Spa ch. ; a. fr. 

S^SQ m. (b. h.; 3>33) weW, spring. Koh. R. to XII, 7 
(ref. to Koh. ib. 6) *3l §SQp b3> . . . bm TX3 the (drawing) 
pitcber of Barukh over the well (of prophecy) of Jere- 
miah : -1-13 bttJ isiaa to . . . «3 the (pouring) pitcher of 
Jeremiah over the well (of inspiration) of Barukh; Lam. 
R. introd. (R. Josh. 2).— PL d'WSO.'J'WSig. Mekh.B'shall., 
Vayassa, s. 1 ; Yalk. Ex. 257 ; a. e. 

91 SE, NSjlilQ ch. same. Targ. Jer. XVIII, 14 (ed. 
Wil. *WXQ pi.). Targ. Prov. XIV, 27; a. e.— Y. Ab. Zar. 
V, 44 d '31 'a Xrt the well is before thee, drink ! (i. e. do 
what you please, I shall not assist you). T. Dem. I, 22 a 
top '31 "^33 I"Hb our well does not supply us. — PI. y , > ! l33, 
■Wfig. Targ. 0. Ex. XV, 27. Targ. Is. XLIX, 10; a. e., v. 
supra.— [Targ. Ps. CIV, 6 'pSiaa Ms., v. »St3a.] 

STEQ m. (v. »"ja«) ferry-man. Huh. 94 a yniaa (not 
iTniaa) our ferry-man, v. O* 1 !? ch. 

S^OQ m. (513) shred of a garment.— PI. pSJWM?. Targ. 

Ps. civ, 6 "(Ms. "pwao). 

fcO"QO m. (= WOba; b rejected as in fipa, fr. Hpb, 
cmp/iO^Ga fr. pD3; v. ',3b H) broom. Targ. Is. XIV, 23 
(some ed. incorr. '33).— Gen. R. s. 79 end b"WBK malK 
'31 .pi/taj ^b (not "]" ,>1 333, -p333) wanted to say, Lend me 
thy broom, and she said, Lend me TpttKBa ; [Y. Meg. II, 73 a 
bot. nsiabx ; correct etymol. s. v. Kpabst]. 

atrbsfan, v.baba. 

t ■ : : - : •• ••- 

HFlSf^DQ f. (sba) the uppermost part of the gullet. 
Hull.43 b , expl. 31Blin yVWn. 

SD*'D JD pr. n. m. Mabsima. Y. Maasr. V, end, 52 a 

'3 "13 EH33." 

"j*tDD2D Ar., v. tmcmo. 

S31D2Q m. (Ida I) despiser; haughty.— RlllKnqxq. 
Targ.Ys.LXVIII, 17.' Ib. CXXIII, 4. 

5§a ^nqCna),v.s?3. 

TV212, v. H53. 

"V2Z1Q, v. isa. [Tosef. B. Kam. IX, 1 TWam, read 
with ed." Zuck. nS33!Tl.] 

X"QQ m. (= snaa>a ; -OS) ferry, ford, crossing board. 
Hull. 94* '33 -135 was crossing on a ferry-boat; Keth. 105 b 

'03 -OS on aboard (cmp. vbvl). Hull. 95* '31 '33 3TH tVf\ 
was sitting by the ford of &c, v. n^OfMITK. Ib. b 'aapina 
made the readiness of a ferry-boat a foreboding test 
(whether it was auspicious to undertake the journey). 

fllj J-iZJ f. (rrna) a woman making an assignment 
before marrying in order to exclude her husband from 
the right of inheritance. Keth. 79* '3 "ibid the document 
of assignment. B. Bath. 150 b '31 ns^is 'a a mabrahath 
must assign all her belongings. Ib. 151 a i3p '3 (sub. 1I31I3) 
an assignment of a woman &c. gives possession to the 
assignee (although it is merely formal) ; a. e. 

"TOE C^D) f. (inf. Af. of &03) strengthening food 
(v. ffiffiri), Targ. Ps. XLII, 4 (ed* Wil. 'a). 

^"QH, Y. Hall. I, 58 a top, ed. Krot., v. "p-Qa. 

CTVU J JU pr. n. pi. (v. next w.) Mabrakhta, a caravan 
station and market near Mahoza. Erub. 47 b 'ab 1DSH ^isl 
rams that came to M. (on a Holy Day). Ib. 'a "03 the 
inhabitants of M.; ib. «l b . Keth. 10 a v. »an. 

J"!frD"QD (KfiDH3G)f. (?pft; cmp.Gen.XIV.ll) a 
caravan (of camels). Y. Keth. XIII, 35 d top maia» firPH 'a 
a caravan passed (Shiloh); Y. Sot. I, 17 a top; Gen. R. s. 

85 sail) -iK33 ... 'a. 

sSJ IptJ J/2 m. (ip^a) [what is knoion by searching,'] 
innermost, true nature (corresp. to b. h. "iptn).— PL ijnpisaa. 
Targ. Job XXXVII, 16 (h. text liabfia, cmp.'"ttJbB I). 

SrQO, SWriDH f. (WB) night-lodging. Targ. Jer. 
XIV, 8 Isome ed. Straa). Targ. Is. I, 8 '3 bd15> (ed. Wil. 
NfWiaa, coir, ace; RegiaWflPi33; some ed. '23, corr. ace.) 
the hammock for night-lodging (h. text ttSlba). — 'a rva 
pa) lodging place. Targ. Gen. XLII, 27; a. e.— Targ. Jer. 
IX, l nnaa (nnaa, constr.). 

&IMJD, v. Kaaa. 

T T : tt : 

fcCfcWE, V. 83533. 

T T - tt: - 

"VSJtJ v. ^aaa. 

HSJS f. (naa) collection. Y. Keth. IX, 33 b bot.; Y. 
Gitt. V,' 46 d top^lbn lain 'aa it (the widow's right of 
alimentation) depends on (ceases with) the collection of 
her widowhood; Y. Shebu. V, 36 b bot. — Y. Meg. I, 70 b 
bot.; B. Mets. 78 b , 106 b ; '31 d'niB KgXQ the collection for 
Purim must be given to the poor for the Purim festival; 
Tosef. Meg. I, 5 rnasa. Lb. "rWl n^aaa what has been 
collected in one town. Lev. R. s. 5 d^asnb fipIS n333 pd3> 
the business of collecting contributions for the mainte- 
nance of students; Esth. R. to I, 4 dTosn 1135.3. 

fcTDji/Q, &t"p3 m. (353; cmp. Syr. 8^333 coagulum, 
P. Sm.*200l) [astringent,] alunt.—xb'V 'a ('a) (v. Stb*>SH) 
liquid alum. Sabb. 110 a (in a prescription) 'a SOI. bpna 
'a Ar. (ed. BTCtt, Ms. M. only *&»; Ms. O. ^333) alum of 
the weight of a Zuz. Men. 42 b bot. Stb^a 'a (Ms. R. 2 toba, 
v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8). 





nmSQ pr. n. m. Magbilah. Y. Ber. Ill, 6 B bot. 'a 
yhb 13 XSiT'll THS; Y. Naz. VII, 56 a IfVttt; Pesik. R. 8. 
33 a^ax, ItrteM (corr. ace). 

rPMD, v. nssa. 

XrP2MD f. (dial, for WV-DJra; 5)53; cmp. Sam. Vfte, 
Lev. XIX,' 14, a. "QIC Ex. XXIII, 33; v. Frankel Zeitschr. 
f. Assyriol., April 1894, p. 3) stumbling block. Targ. Is. 
Ill, 6 (h. text nbu»a). 

«"»""2 m. (v. next w.) megeg, a species of reed. Par. 
Ill, 9 ; Tosef. ib. Ill (II), 9 ; 'a bttJ ban a rope made of m. ; 
Erub. 58 a . 

JU^ (cmp. Ma) to so/iten, dissolve, steep. Y. Maas. Sh. 
II, 53 c top nistaa dl'O 53/ia you may steep (fenugrec in 
a lotion) with levitically unclean hands. 

Hithpalp. aaaann to 6e dissolved, melt. Pesik. R. s. 21 
(ref. to Dijnaa, Ps. LXXV, 4) *pfv\ saaana abisn n-n rtas 

the world would have gone on melting away; Cant. R. 

to VII, i aaaana (transpos.). 

XH2 ch., v. Ma ch. 

SJ1JQ m. (preced.) solution, maceration. — PL "'iaa. 
Pes. loV'a l&i*>n 13 tra"^ Ar.(ed. "03B, Ms.M."03!K; Ms. 
M. 2 ilWO; Ms.O. "OfcOa) a date beer of thirteen solutions 
(the same water poured over thirteen basins of crushed 
dates in succession). 

1XD m. (b. h.; 115, as laa fr. Iftaj cmp. la fortune) 
[allotted gift,] precious goods, esp. fine fruit. — PL tiPHtyi. 
Sabb. 127 b 'a "VB all sorts of delicacies. 

fcvTJQ, X2, Jpl2 I ch. same, precious ware, fine 
fruit— PL ywo, S^iaa, '•■6a, 'J.ia. Targ. Job IX, 26. Targ. 
Y. Ex. XV, 19'. Targ. Y. Deut'. XXVIII, 23. Ib. XXXIII, 
13, sq., v. "pS^a. [Targ. Y. I Num. XXII, 7 -paCHpl fHfti 
jewels of divination (?) ; Y. II fro* letters.']— Men. 43 b 
iiaai "paiSO" 1 ** spices and choice fruits. 

fc^JQ, JPQ II f. (133), constr. tVJttfc, guidance, lead- 
ing string. Targ. Hos. XI, 4 (ed. Wil. riiaa); cmp. Rf^"**?. 

nTHM, v. niiaa. 

b^JQ m. (b.h. ; Via) toiver, turret. Sabb. XIII, 5. Tosef. 
Ohol. XVIII, 5 'a3 . . .D333S1 he who enters gentile lands.. . 
in a portable turret. Ohol. IV, 1, v. 111K. Hag. 15 b ; Snh. 
106 b three hundred hdlakhoth (about levitical cleanness) 
11K3 mien 'a3 concerning a turret flying (moving) in 
the air (cmp. Tosef. 1. c); [oth. opin. = "TOftO laisn 'a, 
Ohol. I.e. ; for oth. explan. v. Rashi to Hag. a. Snh.l. c.]. — 
Erub. 34 a laiDa 13"i**tt" 'a a turret which is not fastened 
(which can be let up and down). Kel. XII, 3 '"4*5 bUJ 'a 
'31 a turret (spice chest) of private people, D">S<B11 bU3 
of physicians. Tosef. Sot. Ill, 10 'a itt»K the builders of 
the Tower of Babel, v. nabsn; »• fr.— PL D"^1ia, "pbiaa, 
nibiaa. Y. B. Bath. IV, U' bot. ; Tosef. ib. Ill, 3 'an the 
turrets (store closets) in bath-houses. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. 

II, 8, v. "MTpS. B. Mets. 25 a 'as y^WS; Tosef. ib. II, 7 
mVtta melius coins piled up pyramidally; ib.*p^iaa',n^pa 
some of them piled up ; a. fr. — Esp. biaa pr. n. pi. Migdal, 
Magdala, near Tiberias. Tosef. Erub. VI (V), 13; Y. ib. 
V, 22 d bot. — In compounds: b?aa, e. g. 1*15 'a, aim 'a, v. 
respective determinants. 

b^U 8^0, 'JjiQ, '-NO ch. same. Targ. Is. II, 15. 
Targ." Gen. XI* 4 (ed. Berl. 'a). Targ. Jud. VIII, 9 ; a. fr.— 
PL r**Vnaa, 'a*0. Targ. II Chr. XXVI, 9, sq. Targ. Ez. 
XXXVlil, 20 (h. text rliaTra); a. fr. — Esp. sViaa, ym 
Magdala, v. preced. Y. Snh. II, beg. 19 d '3.1a XlVpir he 
fled to M.; Y. Hor. Ill, beg. 47 a 'al «13 pIS (read: Xlb, 
sub. Kntt"*03) to the synagogue (and school house) of M.; 
ib. th Xia he is in the synagogue of M. ; Y. Snh. 1. c. 20 a 
top 'a K-ina; Midr. s'in. ch. VII N*ft3J"hS Vnaa. Y. Maasr. 

III, 50 c top. Koh. R. co X, 8 'al MWW, v. supra; a. fr.— 
In compounds: Vnja "1 &6iaa, v. respective determinants. 

TObTjin, HCftin, 'J-ia m. (preced.) of Magdala, 

r t : : - » : : - : 

surname of sevc il scholars. B. Mets. 25 a , a. e., v. pnx\ 
Y. Ber. IX, 14 a i jp; Y. Taan. I, 64 b top; a. e. 

nb^D f. (Vl|) 1) child's nurse. Lev. R. s. 36, end.— 
2) hair-dresser, hand-maid, v. nV-ia. 

"pJQ, Koh. R. to VII, 26 some ed., v. 1*\aa. 

I^^JIQ, X2 m. pi. ch. (v. 13a) precious goods. Targ. 
O. Gem XXIV, 53 (Y. ■pBTTft, h. text msiaa). Targ. 0. 
Deut. XXXIII, 13, sq., v. Niaa. 

rHJQ, v. stiaa II. 

Iln, i5"na, v. -#. 

2"UQ m. (33a) m7ce, an agricultural implement with 
many teeth, forming a sort of sieve to separate the grain 
from the chaff. Kel. XIII, 7 ; T'bul Yom IV, 6 ; [Ar. s. v. : 
a sort of glove, oth. expl.: reading a^aa, fr. aa3, an im- 
plement for drying the grain by winnowing]. 

JHJD (b.h.) pr. n. gent. Magog, 'al MS Gog and Magog, 
the two T allied nations, the defeat of which, it is believed, 
will precede the redemption of Israel (v. Ez. XXXVIII, 
sq.). Eduy. II, 10 '31 'al '5 EJBUJa the judgment of Gog and 
Magog in the Messianic days will last twelve months. 
Ber. 13 a 'al JM narf>a the war with G. a. M. Snh. 95 1 '; 
a. fr. 

TUQ m. (133 ; cmp. lift) a frame to spread clothes on. 
B. Mets. T 30 a ; Pes. 26 b '31 'a...y'S n3n-JU)"> xb ni-3X the 
finder must not spread a lost object in his charge over 
a bed or a frame for his own use. 

ND-tfQ, v. xto**a. 

nDljR3pr. n. f. (?) MgosetJi. Yeb. VIII, 4 (79 b ) 'a p 
one Ben M. 

SJrJp-tf Q f v. annaa a. xntp^a. 

JlDUQ f.(B|W I), constr. nBISa 1 ) bung, stopper. Kel.lX, 1 . 




lb. X,3, v. brrbri. — 2) the clay used for sealing wine vessels, 
sealing clay. Y. Ber. IX, 13 d bot. 'art mitfntt) Ts so much 
rain that the sealing clay looks as if dissolving; Y. Taan. 
I, 64 b top(notcptfjrrttf); a.e. — 3) an air-tight vessel. Tosef. 

Bets. II, 14; Y. ib. II, 61 c bot. '330 "p&^Da **1 they 

brought the burning perfume (TOA^D) into the dining room 
(on a Holy Day) in an air-tight vessel. 

XkipiJuJ ch. same, stopper ; clay-seal. Targ. 0. a.Y. I 
Num/x'lX, i5 (Y.II KTttVW). Targ. Y.ib.9.— PI. xrsiaa. 
Targ. Joel I, 17 ■jinrewa (h. text MTWUmi). 

"I iJD m. (b. h.; *iiai) 1) dwelling, neighborhood. Sabb. 
149 b (expl. ■pa*', Ps. V, 5) S"i Spiaan TW Kb a bad man 
shall not dwell in thy neighborhood; Hag. 12 b evil shall 
not &c; a. e.— *2) rest, stand. To. J. Kel. B. Kam.IV,20 
(R. S. to Kel. V, 11 "TOO). 

TUQi SlI^E neighbor, v. "Ma., 

rn'lJD I f. (b. h.; "h&, v. pia, NiT'a) store-room; bin 
for wheat, figs &c; reservoir. Pes. 4 b , a,Tj?. WTB i-isrba 'a 
a store-house full of provision. Maasr. I r §, v. baS; a. e. — 
Tosef. Mikv. I, 17 '31 OlpB"^ bra 'a (ed. Zuck. OTO^, corr. 
ace.) the water-reservoir of Discus in Jabneh; Y. Ter. 
VIII, 45 b '31 bUJ rrfSO ; Kidd. 66 b SFpOl b^J 'a. — Trnsf. 
(v. fniJX) pericarp of nuts, almonds &c. ; drupe. Maasr. 
I, 2 nuts are subject to tithes 'a lttJS">ll)a from the time 
they form drupes ; Tosef. ib. I, 1 ; Y. ib. I, 48 d bot.— Gen. 
R.s. 18 '31 rvmaa l-O nan (read rniaa) he built in woman's 
body one store-room (the womb) more than in man; 
(Erub. 18 a sq. 1X1K "pM).— PI. rvhtoa. B. Bath. IV, 6 (67 b ) 
D^abtt) 'a (Ms. M. rvnsa) reservoirs. ' Kel. XIX, 7 nniu 'a 
the drawers in a chest. Tosef. ib. B. Kam.II, 7 .."pbnn t"Pn 
'31 'a 'a *HDJ?h a wooden spice box having compartments 
{partitions) without lids. Ib. B. Mets. VIII, 1 'artttJ ST-nttJ 
'31 ftbiy (ed. Zuck. HlT^a, corr. ace.) a chest whose drawers 
are inside (not protruding). Yalk. Cant. 992, v. STniSK. 

H") 5 ] 3J2 II f. ("iia I) a court containing several divell- 
ings. Erub. 70 b (Rashi : a barn divided off, v. preced.). — 
PL nrflja (or rvhiaa) neighborhood, neighbors. Gen. R. 
s. 99 ; Tanh. Vayhi 9, v. rvTOa. 

nmj/D, Y. Sabb. XVI, end, 15 d tW "11 'an, read 

rtnwa, v. TOa. 

^OHIJIE, Lam. R. to II, 22, Ar. ed. Koh., v. TOa. 

n"]")l JQ f. strigil, v. n-naa. 

riTlJID f. i) = rHtta I, q. v.— 2) v. rnaia. 

fctFTTIjlO, fcCFlTJD f. ch. I) =h. rnwa II, court, 
neighborhood. Y. Sabb. XVI, end,15 d [read:] n^n-]Waa..nbS3 
'21 a fire broke out in the court of R. J. ; Y. Yoma VIH, 
45 b H ' VW 'aaa; Y. Ned. IV, 38 d .— 2) neighbor, v. 1MB. 

i23"UQ m. magian, sorcerer. Sabb. 75 a . Sot. 22 a 'a T'Tt 
he is a magian (saying w r ords he does not understand). 

MIZJIJIQ ch. same. Yoma 35 a Ms. M. (ed. WBiaaK). Sot. 
22 a (prov.) '21 fctbl 'a yw\ the magian mumbles and under- 
stands not what he says. 

{S!?UlHJ|Q f. (preced.) the magian's practices, v. 

iS IMG, A U m. ("i]5) cutting tool, sickle, pruning 
knife!— PL T*J|»3, 'a^a. ' Targ. II Sam. XII, 31 (h. text 
nntta).— Y.Sabb.VlJ8 b bot. (expl. ninata, Is. II, 4) ■pU'vo 
(corr. ace.). 

SFiUQ, v. Kfinaa. 

t: • : t: • : 

n XQ, v. wa. 

"P3Q m. (1J3) speaker, preacher. Pes. 52 b (play on 
Hos. IV, 12 lb W ibpai) lb 'a lb bp^an b2 whoever makes 
it easy for him, is his preacher. — PL D^aa, constr. "^aa. 
Erub. 53 b , v. nabs. 

* t t -: 

D^DITJm Yalk. Num. 786, read Wjftiag, 
D"PJR3» Num. R. s. 4, end, v. bTYtto. 

* ' * T 

H J1K3 (J! fp)T2) pr. (cmp. KHfSO) M'gizah (Pass), 
Mazaca, later Caesarea, capital of Cappadocia. Yeb. 25 b 

XipBlBp nnaa; (Y.ib.H,end,4 b K^p11BpaU3 "p^T; Tosef. 
ib. IV, 5 'Bpn only). Y. ib. XVI, 15 d top 'Sp bllJ 'Sa; Tosef. 
ib. XIV, 5 'Sp nvna (Var.rO^Ta; Bab.ib. 121 a raila; Koh. 
R. to XI, 1 W*noV Tosef. Sabb. XV (XVI), 8 'Ta (Var. 
Wla). M. Kat. 26 a ^Dp WHla (Ms. M. **fOp*t tlJ^a). 

SnirJU v.annaali. 

T • : t: • : 

MSYPJI] I, J$?]UQ f. (in or 11a), constr. rvnaa, waa, 
/bra", jpass. Targ. II Sain. XIX, 19. Targ. Num. XXI, 11 ; 
a. e.—Pl. Knpaa, 'tta. Targ. Y. Num. XXXIII, 45. Targ. 
Jer. XXII, 20; a. e. 

SripJlQ II f. (Vra) arbitrary decision, 'ai V*i Me 
arbitration practice of untrained magistrates, opp. to 
learned courts. B. Mets. 30 b tTfA 'al fiW*i (ijta) Nbx ed. 
(Ms. M. xnoiaa, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) what else should 
they have done (in lieu of deciding according to the law 
of the Torah)? Should they have followed the practice 
of the arbitrators?— V. Kntraa H. 

n^a, ^b^D, v.sub'baa. 

"piW (p-?Q)> ^l" 1 ^'$v,shield,protection. 
Targ.Deut. XXXH, 38 (some Ms. ',aa, Y. ed. Amsfpaa); 
a.e. — Gen. R.s. 59, end fWana Cj^K he swung his shield ; 
Yalk. ib. 107; Yalk. Sam. 156. Gen. R. s. 77, end IT^aa 
^1 W*l the shield of the one against that of the other; 
a. e— PL ymn, X^aa. Targ. I Kings X, 17 (ed.Wil. ffia) ; 
a. e. — fcO^aa fi^a pr. n. pi. Beth Maginnaya (Shield- 
House). Kil. VI, 4 Y. ed. (Bab. ed. a. Mish. H'HaUl m3; 
Ms. M. X^aaan ; Tosef. ib. IV, 7 ■fWWTl r«l> 

rD n 3D, v.naaa. 

••• V T ••••• T , 

D^JQ, DJZ3 (or b3Q) m. (v. DOa) tray, plate. Yoma 
VI, 7; Pes. V, 10 '31 ^POpltl 'an )iT0 he put them (the 
parts belonging on the altar) on a tray and burned them 
&c. Ib. 65 b Irtb IBpa IT<Bia 'an 10^ Var. in Rashi (v. Rabb. 





D. S.a. 1. note 60 ; ed. 'SI n^Eia Kin VJN) did he burn them 
on the very plate?; Yonia 67 b inb -rjpa 'a3 (1MN) Var. 
in Rashi a. Tosaf. (v. Rabb. D. 8. a. 1. note 9). Kel. XVI, 1 
caan (ed. Dehr. O'Oan; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. V, 10 r\^3p). 
Y. Yonia V, beg. 42 b 'a D3 Kaf (Mish. V, 1) means plate, 

ND'UQ, NDUQ ch. 1) same, plate, dish. Targ. Ps. 
CXXIII, 2 '31 'a . . "pp'ma looking out for (the remnant 
of) a dish at the hands of their masters (in ed. "Wil. our 
w. omitted) ; Targ. Y. Num. XI, 6 (not p^ial).— Lev. R. 
s. 28 b^bs 'a mm "("HD whenever a dish was brought in ; 
ib. b^bi 1 "Waal "jTSl as soon as a dish of mine comes in; 
(Koh. R. to I, 3 Kb^an).— PI. Ttfaa, K*Dp:ra, 'Wa. Targ. 
O. Num. IV, 7 (ed. Amst. '^aa); a. fr.— Targi Ez. XIII, 19 
onb"i "pOiaa (not 'aa ; ed. Lag. "p^OWa) plates with morsels 
from the tables (h. text Tnns).— Lev. R. 1. c. 'iaa nab 
'31 "ppED why are the plates carried out without having 
been tasted? — 2) (=Lat. accubatio) dinner, banquet. Koh. 
R. to I, 3 nTW "Opaa 'pa31 that I came for the sake of 
thy dinner. Lam/fi. to I, 1 ^nnn [read:] irb 1W1 mba>{* 
NO^aa (or NPOpaa) he took him into his house and pre- 
pared a dinner for him.— [Targ. Y. Ex. XXVIII, 39 "Wia, 
v. 61M ch.]— [Pesik. Ha'omer, ,p. 70 a -jCMa, v. tai-naa.] 

"PtSp^JQ, 0^12 m. (magister) a high imperial of- 
ficer (v. Sm. Ant.'s*. v.). Ex. R. s. 30 'ab ?&p 31p put the 
Magister in stocks. Lev. R. s. 28 '31 ypb* 'a "tJ^Sn jtim 
he who used to appoint the Magister Palatii is now to 
be made a bather &c. — PI. "ntsb^aa (magistri). Gen. R. 
s. 26 (expl. tratat, Deut. II, 20, v. Qptl) "'BO'Oa ^aTW3« 
nanba (some ed. 03 "WTBSOj Yalk. ib. 47 XsOiaa ■pisaiaa) 
read: W " 1 "il3&' i a"Q1 'p^ioaa mensores (camp-surveyors) and 
magistri militum (chief commanders). 

"O'HIDD'UE, Targ. II Esth. IX, 3 (Var. WBO'Wa, t>aa, 
ijnaDa, tmxtVPi) read : 'W'W&tyO m. pi. (magistrates) of- 
ficials (h. text d^BTHOhK). ' 

NSJP'UE, '^12 I f. (v. NOpaa) tray, plate. Targ. O. 
Num.VlI, 13 (ed. Amst. 'Waj'h.'text n*i2>p); a. fv. — Pl. 
Vtrtpsq, 'Wa. Y. Snh. VIII, end, 26 c [read:] ""TO^ 30*^ 
"O^a to steal my (silver) plate. 

SriD" 1 ^, 1J73 II f. (Dia I) haughtiness, violence. B. 
Kam. 114 a 'al VIS+O (Ms. M. "iaa*i; Rashi in early prints 
'lima; oth. vers. *?iaa; Ms. F. Xliaa read ittaiaa, v. Rabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note) in a court of violence, opp. ifcOYl ^3 reg- 
ular Persian courts. V. Nfi'paa II. 

REP2D, NfrS n 3E, v. sub 'saa. 

t •• - t : •• - •• - 

TJQ rest, v. Kfcna. 

tjd,s"i"Jq, (-uafcnxa,) ISO m. o*ii 5 v . 

" T T " T V " -T T •• t'/ T V ' 

n"isiaa II) fellow-inhabitant, neighbor. Koh. R. to II, 20 ; 
Lev. R. 8. 25 'a*i nVTOK the wife of a neighbor (of the 
old man). Y. Yoma VIII, 45 b ; Y. Ned. IV, end, 38' 1 nin 
'31 n^TOa was a neighbor of (living in the same court 
with) R.J.; Y. Sabb. XVI, end, 15 d mWA (corr. ace). 
Y. B. Bath. II, end, 13 c '31 hTTOQ nin was his neighbor 

in the field and in the house (living in the same court). 
Koh. R. to VII, 26 tnuOib 'a (not Taa) a neighbor who 
was a robber, lb. *pUa (not 'piaa) our neighbor, lb. X, 19 ; 

a. fr.— PI. "pT^i *fT¥$t '^- Y - Peah In . 17Cl to P ' WB 
"psosia gentile neighbors. Lam. R.tol, 5 "pni^aiab . . . 'a bs 
"p*i3S do all neighbors, bent on doing evil, do it to their 
neighbors? — Midr. Till, to Ps. XLVIII (prov.) na= Kb 
n^tlM mam . . . n*iaX1 (ed. Bub.) go not by what thy 
mother says (of thee), but by what the neighbors say. 
Cant. R. to VII, 2; a. fr. — [Lam. R. to II, 22 *W3 WO 
ed. (Ar. "Wiaa) read : "W3 ^M inmates of my house, 
v. "pr'fiTjtJip.]— Fern. KPWto, ' w 9- Tar g- Y - n Ex - m > 22 
PWWca (not nrn . . .).— Lev. R. s.' 5, end . . 'a "Oab TTX 

Tr^a ~pba> NablD . . she comes to a neighbor , peace 

with thee, my neighbor! lb. s. 6; a. ir.—Pl. snp^aa. lb. 
s. 9 nni^aa nb "pTast (some ed. «n. . . .) said her neigh- 
bors to'her. Ned. 2i b 'si -jniai nba? ^TVpya yiam. that 

thy neighbors will say of thy daughter &c. Y. Sabb. Ill, 
5' 1 bot. [read :] 'a T^T* xbn Iinbsi (not n^vaa) provided 
the neighbors do not know it. 

iTTJO, TH3D f.(b.h. n-naa; 1^ I) I) saw. Kel. XIII, 
4. Bets. IV, 3. Hull. I, 2; a. fr.— 2) plane. Tosef. B. Kam. 
XI, 15; B. Kam. 119 b , v. I^ai.— [Tosef. Kel. B.Mets.VIII, 1 

nmas ed. Zuck., v. WiWal]. 

Dl")" 1 ^, (D'i'nap) m. ((xaysipo;) baker, cook. Lam. R. 
to III, 16'Dl^aan bus Ar., v. battle. Lev. R. s. 28; Pesik. 
R. s. 18; Yalk. Lev. 643, a. e. X3X ^D^ari (^TJ») I (the 
Lord) am thy cook (ripening thy fruits); Pesik. Ha'omer, 
p.70 a lp^-0 (corr. ace). Ib.O^a 103 read: OTi^aas. Num. 
R. s. 4, end Y'13 b^U '33 (not ET^as, til^V) the cook of a 
human master. Y.Keth. I, 25 c *lt« Dl^aa bp when it was 
announced that a cook (or baker) was in town (Snh. 32 b 
t^ni blp).— PI. yitfrnt, rpT?^- Lev - R- s. 7 ; Yalk. Num. 
777 "pGiaa; Pesik. R. s. 16 D"Vnaa (corr. ace); Pesik. Eth 
Korb., p. 61 a .— [Lam. R. to II, 22 WlJm Ar., v. t«D.] 

yrH^^n m. (jxaYsipeiov) cook-shop, kitchen. Y. Bets. 
V, end,'63 b . T 

n nn "l" l JQ, Y. Sabb. Ill, 5 d bot., v. "«ra end. 

DTjn, dtjd, »on^n, v. etttto. 

7 T • T T : • T " T 

S?)^ : ^q, v. ^aa. 

^3D m. (b.h.; perh. contr. of bwa,;) l) n^p baa 
or 'a sickle, scythe, an implement with indentations. Succ. 
32 a 'ab nail Dips? a Lulab curved like a sickle. Y. ib. 
Ill, 53 c bot. 'a "pa3 n^lias leaves shaped (and serried) 
like a sickle; Bab. ib. 34 a 'ab nail (TV! biaa? nb«3 nb5; 
a. e. — 2) *P baa or 'a an implement combining knife and 
saw. Kel. XIII, 1. Hull. I, 2. Bets. IV, 3 (used for split- 
ting wood); a. fr.— Snh. 95 b flfflTOJ ^baa (/em.), v. ir"J3 1. 

b%l2, bs?$Q, J 2\T2 ch. same. Targ. Deut. XVI, 9 ; 
XXIH, 26 (h. T text 115ain).— Taan. 31 a baa 13M Qli the day 
of breaking the maggal (suspending the chopping of wood 




for the Temple).— PL -pbaa, ibaa. Targ. Is. II, 4; Mic 
IV, 3; Joel IV, 10 (h. text'miafa). 

33JP m. (3ba, v. Fl. to Levy Targ. Diet. II, p. 567 a ) 
[scraper,] an instrument of torture, goad or whip. Gen. 
R. s. 41, beg.; s. 52; Yalk. Gen. 69 nabaa; (Tanh. Lekh. 5 

avew). — PL a^abaa, fdbjxg. Ex. r. s. 14, beg. lharri -jb 

'a B^lBari go and give him fifty lashes. Tanh. M'tsora 4 
'521 D^33 chains and straps; Num. R. s. 13. lb. '"2 rtiaan 
five afflictions. lb. s. 10, beg.; Lev. R. s. 27; Cant. R. to 

v, 1 6, v. rvatna. 

K23JQ, &G5JE ch. same. Targ.Prov.XXVI,3(Var. 

tt:-'t::- ° ' \ 

JOMOT, Ms. xabaa3, corr. ace; h. text ana).— PL X*abaa, 
"pabaa. Lev. R. s. 15 *|bn 'a Man she saw the straps hang- 
ing. Gen. R. s. 84, beg.; Yalk. ib. 140; Yalk. Job 904 JlXa 
'a one hundred lashes. 


v. abaa. 

H ?|Q, HTUD f. (b. h.; bba) roll, scroll, volume, part 
of a "ISO." Treat. Sof'rim V, 9 '31 'a bbil(IX) 9ZMJ *plUW fH 
you must not prepare the section of Sh'ma or of Hallel as 
a special volume for children; Gitt. 60 a '31 'a airsb lira, v. 
lab ; Yoma 37 b . Gitt. I.e. rWVfl 'a 'a Him the Pentateuch was 
published in sections, opp. damn. Deut. R.s. 8 Klip fibrin 
ISO when beginning, the student reads (the Pentateuch) 
in a detached scroll, opp. 1203. — Y. Shek. V, 49 a ; Yoma 
38 a ; Cant. R. to III, 6 paa(a)0 n'raa a volume containing 
prescriptions for frankincense ; a. fr. — pom" 1 'a, D11H& 'a 
T3X rbaa, &c.,v. respect, determinants. — P/.niba,r.isi3a. 
Cant. R. 1. c. '31 ani^aa \*WQ "Ptl they handed over their 
rolls (containing the prescriptions) one to the other; (Y. 

Shek. l. c. nxTfi nbaan nx).— Esp. r&mfc) = max nbsa, 

a. 1POX. Meg. I, 1. Ib. 19 a 1S& tH/hpi 'a the book of 
Esther is called a book and also a letter. Ib., sq. Xllpfi 
'31 pa namsil tQ he who recites from a Book of Esther 
as written among the Hagiographa (instead of using a 
special scroll); a. v. fr. — M'gillah, name of a treatise of 
the Mishnah, Tosefta, Talmud Babli a. Y'rushalmi, treat- 
ing chiefly of the Festival of Purim. — M'gilloth, the five 
books: Esther, Ruth, Canticum, Lamentations and Ko- 

n&CfrjJE, v. rtwafea 

T T : — •»! : 

SO" 1 " 1 J%12 m. (■*») decreer of exile. Y. Yoma III, 40 c 
top "a !"iril&3 berets (Jer. XL VI, 20) means sweeper, that 
is, he who will banish (v. Deut. XXVIII, 63). 

SrDJQ, '^JD, constr. n'23a,n^aa ch.=h. fiba. Targ. 
Jer. XXXVI, 2; a. e. 

"IQJQ, v. iaa«ra. 

T : ;' t : 

jJQ m. (b. h.; '|33) shield, defense. Pesik. Ha'omer, p. 
70 a , b (ref. to a-OSa bxi, Job V, 5) *tt3 xbl 7*CJ xb not with 
weapon or with shield (will he prevail); Lev. R. s. 28 ; 
Pesik. R. s. 18; Yalk. Job 898.— Cant. R. to IV, 4 end (ref. 
to ItWl rbs, ib.) 'art mix . . . Ill S)bx I folded together 
(skipped over) a thousand generations and brought unto 


them that shield (the Torah).— Midr. Till, to Ps. I, 5, v. 
-,13; a. iv.—PL D^aa, tfifQO. Lam. R. introd. (R. Joh. 1) 
(ref. to Is. XXII, 5) 'a ym» fVB, . . . B"npipa TOB they 
broke down the walls of their houses and made of them 
defenses. Cant. R. l. c. nain 'a niaaa ^ax "pab unto thy 
children I shall be many defenses. Gen. R. s. 44 bttJ 'a 
OPp^^lS shields of the righteous (protectors of their gener- 
ation by dint of their righteousness) ; a. e. — Esp. Magen, 
the first section of the Prayer of Benedictions closing 
with Dfiiax ",3a (usu. called niax, v. ax). Deut.R. s. 11, 
beg. 'a nbrtnb ITlfi (Ber. 34 a rcxib) he must go back to 
the beginning of the first section. Erub. 65 a , v. pIQ h. — 
•ppaan rva, Tosef. Kil. IV, 7, v. xpaa. 

), X2 XD ch. same, v. ftO. - 

j3P, &W3p m. Cj33 ; cmp. OSH fr. ",3n) grace, undeserv- 
ed gift; (adv. with or without prepos.) for nothing, in 
vain. Targ. Prov. XV, 27.— Targ. Gen. XXIX, 15. Targ. 
Ex. XX, 7; Targ. Deut. V, 11; a. e— Y. Bice. Ill, 65 c hot. 
d^a" 1 "plXa 'a xb it is not for nothing that he has been 
allowed a long life. B. Kam. 85 a tri X^OX a physician (that 
will cure thee) without pay; ifB 'a3 'al Xt)X Ms. M. 
a. oth. (ed. incorr., v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) a physician 
without pay is worth as much as unpaid service can be 
expected to be, i. e. an unpaid physician is likely to be 
careless. Y. Snh. X, 29 a bot. 'a bs ^SX even if the curse 
has been pronounced gratuitously (without cause), cmp. 
asn nbbp s. v. 0|n. 

S3 XQ m. (^aa) couch, or couch-room. — PL X*33a. Targ.II 
Esth. I, 9 (ed. Lag. a. oth. X^asa, corr. ace). — [Pes. 107 a 
1301a, v. xaaa.] 

HD3D, v. X333a. 

t t - tt: - 

p33P, v. "paaaa. 

S^D^P f.(part.Ithpe. of Tia) = h.n3tta(v. nja), blame- 
worthy ; 'a xtib^a blemish, defect. Gen. R. s. 60 (prov.) 
'SI 'a "p mxi Xtib^a what blemish there be in thee, be 
the first to tell it; B. Kam. 92 b VVft xnb^a Ms. M. (ed. 


ni'OJjp, v.XSasa.— [Mekh. B'shall. s. 2 nV33a, emend, 
for nisaa, read: ni^ao, v. pap.] 

'p'D^^U, v. pa^aaaaa. 

n^JQ, riD" 1 ^ f.=*aa, protection, defense. Pirke d'R. 
El. ch.'XXVlil; Yalk. Gen. 76 (expl. yxo, Gen. XV, 1) "^3X 
"b 'a I am a defense to thee. 

&-3D or D5p, v. a^aa. 

ns^D^a, n n i2Dja, ■31^0050, an&Jra, v . SU b 

t : • t •• : • t t • : • : 


S?5P m. (533) touch, contact. Kel. 1, 1, a. fr. 'aa xaaa, 
makes unclean by contact. Toh. VI, 4 nxaia 2>aa pSD 
'31 a doubt as to having touched an unclean thing is 
judged in favor of uncleanness; Ab. Zar. 70 a , a. e. — 3>3a 
1133 wine touched by a gentile suspected of idolatrous 
manipulations. Ib.58 b . — Ib. 69 a ll^an 'a another ignorant 




man's touching things kept in levitical cleanness; a. fr.— 
PI. PWJa. Y. Sabb. VII, 9 (1 hot., v.C^a.— Constr. fjtyt. Y. 
Pes. VII, 34 d hot. "pat 13 those unclean through contact 
with gonorrhoeists. 

"H12?JG f. ("ira) threatening, shouting. Yalk. Ps. 864; 
Midr.Till. to Ps. C VI, 9 ed. Bub. (missing in eds.) nb 'a ^BN 
'31 miH it was not even a shouting (at the sea) but only 
a blowing. Yalk. 1. c. (missing in Midr. Till. 1. c.) 'a ab 
■^aliiDa xbx not only a shouting but even a roaring. 

£] yQ m. (C]fia or C]«i&) sealer of wine vessels. Y. Ab. Zar. 

V, 44 a top 'a rtU)3>a ",32m yuaiTMS (not Van) the boring 
of which the Rabbis speak (Mish.V, 4) is the work of a 
professional sealer (requiring care and time). 

rtDijQ, '^12 f.(b. h.^aa) [striking,] 1) wound. Makhsh. 

VI, 8 nnfiaa D1 the blood flowing from a woman's wound. 
Nidd. 55*'; Ker. 13\ Hull. 35 1 '. Yalk. Num. 710; a. e.— 
2) sudden death, plague Mekh. B'shall. s.2 xbx naan 'pK 
'a the verb Can (Ex. XIV, 24) means pestilence. M. Kat. 
28 a 'a nnT2 a sudden death. Ber. 4 b 'an na'TUB, during an 
epidemic; a. fr.— [msaa, Mekh. 1. c, v. PBaa a. paao.] 

D^'DJ^i V'DJD m. da. (^l) greaves, metal leggins. 
Sabb. VI,Y(expl. ib. 62» "pVto). Kel. XI, 8 ; Tosef. ib. B. 
Mets. Ill, 1 0N ed. Zuck. (corr. ace. ; Var. b»|5a). 

KSjBijE, 'P n 5Q ch.=h. nWfc. Targ.Y.II Num. XXV, 
8 XPB . . . (corr. ace). 

HJE), Pa. "i&a, Tjng (b. h. "laa ; cmp. -na) 1)' to drag 
down; to throw over. Targ. Gen. XLIX, 17 (h. text btft). 
Targ.Ps.LXXXIX,45. Targ. Ez. XXXIX, 3. Targ.II Kings 
IX, 33 (h. text OWD). Targ. Is. XXII, 19 (h. text tHti); 
a. e. — 2) [to scrape off,] to diminish, destroy (corresp. to b. 
h. ROB a. Tl). Targ. Ps. CXIX, 139. Ib. CI, 5; 8. Ib. 
CXLIII, 12; a. e. 

Ithpa. *iaapx to be diminished. Targ. Job VI, 17. Ib. 
XXIII, 17 Ms. (ed. *W3JT8, h. text ^PaiM). 

US, fcCtfQ, v. TOO, a. XStata. 

•• T T" T " T T ! - 

HT$S nnnjia, NfiTya, v . sub '-™. 

HUE, v. rmsa. 


SriQl"l JS73 f. ch.=h. ntfjMO, v. ff?5 2R/". B. Kam. 
'a srnn (Ms. R. Kfia'naa) a case of a mugremeth. 

oiijn,& , n:R2, y.Bma. 

mDll^G, Pesik. R. s. 6, read tnBVW?. 

n Di"lj(D, v. anpBr.aa. 

n^DIIAQ f. (Cpa ; v. nB"}5a) 1) spade, s/joueZ. Gen. R. 
s. 16, beg. nnst 'an pniB ..nsa"W he divided off the course 
of four river-heads with one (cut of the) spade. — 2) trowel. 
Pesik. R. s. 6 [read:] '31 'a !*b "QU53 xb no trowel nor axe 
was broken; Yalk. Kings 186 PBTiaa (corr. ace). 

XTP£n~lJJD, " l £>'R5D ch. same. Gen. R. s. 38. Lev. 

R. s. 24.— PL XrV'B'haa. Targ. Num. IV, 14; Targ. 0. Ex. 
XXVII, 3 (Y. S-pnEnaa, corr. ace); a. fr. (h. text D"<3P). 

nSTlJm v. n^Bhaa. 

P| n ")JQ, HB'nJD, v. tftaa, na^aa. 

D n D n ~tfD, Pesik. R. s. 16, v. OVVWa. 

ZXPiETlTZ v. xna^aa. 

SD^q, v. bi-naa. 

f|"D72 m. (Cpa) 1) trowel. Y'lamd. to Gen. XI, 1, quot. 
in Ar.s. v. Epa.— 2) shovel. Y. Shebi. Ill, 34 c ; Y. M. Kat. 

I, 80 b '31 "iBmaal lbti his basket and shovel show that he 
is preparing dung. 

TTD1112, '"H?J2 f. (preced.) 1) spoon, ladle; trowel. 
Kel. XXIX, 8 TO bttJ 'a the ladle of the household (v. 
Maim. a. 1.); t^T^ta btf) 'a the plasterers' trowel. Tanh. 
Sh'moth 9 B*<B bu: the trowel for clay; Ex. R. s. 1 (some 
ed. Wi: btt) iB^aa, v. preced.). Kel. XIII, 4 'a ladle (v. 
Maim. a. 1.). — 2) (usu. in connection with b&) spade used 
for digging and shovelling; shovel. Gen. R. s. 16; Sifre 
Deut. 6, a.e., v. rnfi.— Tosef. Toh. VIII, 1 3 ; Zeb. 99 b . Sabb. 
XVII, 2 '31 t]Tiab 'a one may handle a spade (on the 
Sabbath) for grabbing &e, v. Cft». Num. R. s. 15; Yalk. 
Ex. 163. Lev. 11. s. 23; Cant. R. to' IV, 8 '31 'am bom »Wl 
it (the Torah) and all its implements, v. M^>!*1t£. — Y.Hag. 

II, 78 b bot. rona btfJ 'a an iron spade (flat); y9 bttJ 'a a 
wooden shovel; a. e.— PJ. niB^aa, 'maa. B.Mets.30 a . Tam. 
II, 1. Gen. R. s. 46, beg.; a. e.— 3) magrefah, a) name of 
a musical instrument in the Temple. Arakh.10 1 '; Y. Succ. 
V, 55 d top. — b) name of a sort of tympanum. Tam.V, 6, 
Ib. Ill, 8 ; Y. 1. c. 55 b bot. 

rnnSlJiD, v. xn^s-haa. 

rman (rmiaq, rmra,nTun) t^r. 

TTfc) strigil. Tose£ Sabb. XVI (XVII), lY'iatts p-nana px 
ed.Zuck. (Var. PTtiraa y+tlXQ) ; Sabb. 147 b "TOtD yilTtt px, 
v . to i,— pi. rvi-naa (ni-naa). Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. II, 12 
"vW ed. Zuck. ; Kel. XII, 6 Tnaa (TiS«). 

fctFTTIJO ch.same. Sabb. 147 b (Ms.M. margin : Xliaa ; 
Rashi Ms. kniiaa). 

lEniQ m. (b. h.; una) open space outside of a place. 
Gen. KB* 21, end (ref. Vo Gen. Ill, 24) '31 p* btt *&&& 
he drove him out to the open outskirts of the garden of 
Eden. Mace. 12% a. e. '31 'a STUB ptUia? px you must not 
change a cultivated field (outside of a town of refuge) 
into an open space &c. 

rHUfl, v. STTnaia. 

mJIDf Targ. Hos. XI, 4, v. 6WS^ II. 

""TO, a prefix, =m ^a, 1) than that. Targ. 0. Ex. XIV, 
12 rWWHD (ed. Amst. Waa^a, corr. ace); a.e. — 2) from 
the time that; from the fact that; since, because. Targ. Gen. 
XLVIII, 15. Targ. I Sam. 1, 12. Targ. O. Ex. XIV, 11 ; a. 

f r> Ber. 2 b '31 Jia^a 2>aiU . . . Wpfla from the fact that 

the Boraitha says .... we conclude that &e Ib. 15 b 




. . . bbaa. . . XS^D "Onpna since the second clause rea ,,' 
'R. Judah says &c.', we must conclude that the first clause 
does not express R. Judah's opinion. — Gitt. 19 b xnT2 
'31 isin since one (of the papers found) was undoubtedly 
there (before the letter of divorce was thrown there), the 
other was surely there, too, and the letter of divorce may 
have been carried off by mice. B. Mete. 83 b "'bis Cpittvta 
-XH since he is so bold. — W T T W OB PT a , "panna, v. StrV^nist.— 
Gitt. 37 a , a. fr. '31 "'a^BJ as concluded from whatR . . . said ; 
a. v. fr. 

tfr\12 m. ch. = (b. h. To; TlO) the priest's cloak. Ber. 

28 a , vJtt?a:>. 

WTV2, v. KTTO. 

T T T T • T 

ecma, v. ww. 

T T - t T - 

NPS^E f. (v. P. Sm. 2011) = ITOB, tribute, tax, fine. 
Targ/Piov. XII, 24 "zb Ar. s. v. WO (ed. MR&). 

ST1£, v. ftO'lTQ. 

S^IZIE m. (nan) guide; X*iT31 'a forc/j or torch- 
carrier directing the work of night laborers. — PI. "Hiiana . 
M. Kat. 12 b Ms. M. a. Ar. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note; ed. 
— =-T2, Alf. K'JO'TO). 

rD"TO, ^IlSTC m. ch. (nan) =h. rtafrO, a/tar. Targ. 
Josh. XXII, 10 T . Targ. Gen. XII, 8; a. fr.' — Zeb. 54 a 31 

'a "car" m-eonta asnna Rab translated (-pio Tsro pi, 

Deut. XXXIII, 12) on his possession shall the altar be 
built; a. e— PI. yVjSHB, K^nan*; fem. B tt y jyta. Targ. 0. 
Num. XXIII, 1;4; a. e.— Targ. Ps. LXXXIV, 4.— ^B ipBa 
Xanana (r.^B) liquids used on the altar (wine, oil), con- 
trad, to N^maa ">a ipWQ liquids of the slaughtering place 
(blood, water). Pes. 17 a (ref. to Eduy.VIH, 4); Tosef. Kel. 
B. Mete. V, 7 (ed. Zuck. 'BB). 

"21E, v. -an? a. ?$na. 

pH"!^ m. (pan) junction, welding. Targ. I Kings VII, 
29; 36 (h. text t\fi).— Ft. constr. "^pana; ft* 'a arm-pits. 
Targ. Jer. XXXVIII, 12. Targ.Ez. XIII, 18 ed. Lag. (Var. 
'---; ed. Wil. "'psna). 

"fiTD m. (nan) 1) speaker.— PI. B'nana. Ber. 63 b , a. 
e. '-"l 'an mxn the first among the speakers on all occa- 
sions (attribute of R. Judah).— 2) the anterior part of the 
tongue. Bekh. VI, 8; Tosef. ib. IV, 11 ; Kidd. 25 a . 

""S""P3 m. (b. h.; v. nan) pasture-ground, desert. Gen. 
R.s.3 T l,"end. Cant. R. to IV, 4 (play on "pana ib. 3) S"SX 
'31'a K1STJJ although the Temple is a desert, you are bound 
to observe the sacredness of its precincts now that it is 
ruined &c. ; a. fr. — 'a *Tn the generation that died in the 
wilderness. B. Bath. 73 b hot. ; a. fr.— Tosef. Mace. HI (II), 
2 ; Mace. 9 b ; Y. ib. II, 31 d top 'aa nsa (b. h.) Bezer in the 
Wilderness, on the eastern side of the Jordan. — Tosef. 
Men. IX,13 'a a 0^003, read: fTOTl nanaa from the pasture- 
ground of Hebron; v. Men. 87* ; Sot.34 b .— PJ.P.inana. Ber. 
IX 2. Ib. 54 b 'a "obn those travelling in the deserts; a. e. 

NnSlQ m-> S?]"l5lQ f - ch - same - ' £&T e- Ex - UI > 1 > 
a. fr.— B.'Bath. 73 b ; T 74 b ; aa ",3^TK we were travelling in 
the desert; a. fr.— Cant. R. to IV, 4 (ref. to ~pana, ib. 3) 
X*W r p ff WTO "W ?pa*« thy midbar is beautiful, this 
means thy waste (the ruined Temple) is beautiful, v. 
preceding.; [Comment.: thy speech.']— P/.N*nana, f.",nanB. 
Targ. Ps. LXXV, 7. Targ. Is. LI, 3. Targ. Cant. II, 14. ' 

fcCQIQ m. (nan) leader. Targ. Pro v. XI, 14 (Levita 
*$¥fJ& h. text mba'nn, cmp. stnwnaTa)— Targ. II Esth. 

IV, i Var. ed. Lag. (ed. XSnana).— PL constr. ''nana. Targ. 
Cant. I, 8. 

rfPS'TO f. pi. (nan) l) conduct, manners. Koh. R. to 
in, 18 (ref. to man, ib.) Banana Bip'Hsrni} 'a the way the 
righteous conduct themselves. — 2) (b. h.) conversation, 
talk. lb. ana B'nana BWtTTB 'a the conversations which 
the wicked hold. Snh. 67 b , a. fr. Tpninana r&3, v. fiVa; 
ib. 38 b , '31 bsst •fTthyvA -fil Ms. M. (ed! bsx "jlq); Hag. 

u a bxx -pnnana -^=='21 -£>i na nbs, v. r£a. 

"HS172 m., rP~Ql!0 f. (denom. of nana) belonging 
to the desert. Erub. 83 a ,*a. e. 'a nxa the S'ah of the Is- 
raelites in the desert, containing six desert Kab, or five 
Jerusalem Kab. — PI Banana, "p'nana; KtaaflSL Men. 
VII, 1, a. e., v. tnxp.— Esp. nrnana past ure-animals. Bets. 

V, 7 (40 a ), opp. ni'n^a; Tosef. ib. IV, 11. 

"]l?m f. pi., v. aoana. 

MHSTZS m. = xnana, leader. Targ. II Esth. IV, 1. 
Targ. T p T rov. XI, 14, v. sinana.— Snh. 14 a rmaijo 'a (Ms. 
K. xnan, v. "nan) leader of his people; Keth. 17 a . 

Sn : l3"li:'lC, H3"1C f. (preced.) command, strategy; 
scheme (b^h. niSanri). 'Targ. Prov. I, 5; XX, 18; XXIV, 
6. Ib. XH, 5. 

8FTQTQ, v. xnana. 

t : - : - t : : - 

IKFlIZDlQ pr. n. pi., v. ariiaan. 

TV2 (b. h.) [to stretch,] to measure. Sabb. I49 b sq. 
(play on rtanna, Is. XIV, 4) the nation that said nina, 
SOW measure (the area of thy land) and bring (tribute) ; 
Lev. R.s. 15, end (Ar.: tnam nia measure and give). Erub. 
V, 4 'Bl "pnnia -i^ Sabbath distances must be measured 
only with a rope of &c. Ib. 5 nnaian ",a xbx ■pTTia -,ix 
the measuring must be done only by the best experts. 
Y. Succ. I, 51 d 'ai *,a nia^ OK if he measures from &c. 
Maas. Sh. V, 9 niab n"TO i3K1B ~m3V one tenth (as tithe) 
which I shall measure off (when I come home); a. fr. — 
Sot. I, 7 ■& "pnnia na nn/ia niwa nnaa the measure with 
which man measures will be measured out to him, i.e. as 
man deals, he will be dealt with, v. KPOnrx; Tosef. ib. 
Ill, 1 nxoa 'a he measured by the S'ah (committed great 
wrong). Ber. IX, 5, v. next w— Ib. 30 b '31 ana Tia^ dV»:> 
man must alwajs measure himself (examine the dispos- 
ition of his mind; cmp.nax), if he feels that he can direct 
his mind, let him pray, if not &c. 

Nif. n?a? to be measured. B. Bath. VII, 1 T*W0 ',^» 
Snas are not included in the measure. Arakh. VII, 1 
Has Binna? are included &c; a. fr. 




Pi. 11a same, to stretch. Gen. R. s. 3 ; Midr. Till, to 
Ps. XXIV, a.e. TJO^, v. nna.— [Cant. R. to VIII, 11 "pipo, 
v. nil.] 

lXU2 ) Tr\*'12 f. (b. h.; preced.) 1) dimension, measure, 
proportion. Sabb. 150 a (play on FQITTD, v. preced.) ixa 
"0 xb3 Stan i&t) bring much, very much, without meas- 
ure. Peah VIII, 6 11 'a this proportion. Gen. R. s. 64; 
Esth. R. introd. (ref. to HTM, Ezra IV, 13) y^nn ma IT 
that is the tax from the land as measured, i. e. the (Roman) 
land-tax. B. Bath. VII, 3 '31 bsn3 'a I sell thee exact land- 
measure by the rope. lb. 128 a 131K ma the length-measure 
of the cloak. lb. linibpUJa ma the measure of its (the 
gold-bar's) weights, i. e. an estimate as to how many 
coins of a certain weight can be obtained from it. Hag. 
12 a nbib'ai DV ma the combined length of day and night. 
Yeb. 76 b (ref. to I Sam. XVII, 38) imaa V^a his (Saul's) 
garments such as fitted his stature. Mikv. X, 5; Hull. 73 a 
'a(n) Olpa 13> as far as the designed length of the handle 
(excluding the portion which it is intended to cut off). — 
Kidd. 42 b j B. Mets.56 1 ', a.e. '31 bp^a3ffi1 'a3UJ 131 objects 
which are sold by measure, by weight or by the piece. 
B. Bath. 89 b '21 fTT&n 'a . . . dbl3?b one must never keep 
in one's house too small or too large a measure (smaller 
or larger than the legal size); a. fr. — PI. fliia, nil^a. 
lb. 88 b 'a btt) ",115315 the divine punishment for fraudu- 
lent measures. Tosef. B. Mets. VI, 14 .... "pSlaa Wl Nb 
'an bs xbst . . they (the agoranomoi in Jerusalem) were 
appointed not for the regulation of market prices but for 
the superintendence of- the measures; B. Bath. 89 a , v. 
C^aii::*;— Men. 18 a TriT>a msab, v. fisa— "Whence : 

• : : — : ' - ' t t 

Middoth (measurements of the Temple), name of a treat- 
ise of the Mishnah, of the order of Kodashim. — 2) deal- 
ing; reward or punishment; dispensation. — 'a 1553 'a re- 
taliation, adequate punishment or reward. Sot. I, 7, v. 
preced. lb. 9 a 'aab the verse is to intimate that God dis- 
penses adequate punishments. Ib.8 b (ref. to ib. I, 7) y'SH 
^23 Stb'a3 nbian'al although retribution (by the Jewish 
court) has ceased, the adequate divine punishment has 
not ceased. Lam. R. introd. (R. Alex. 2) (expl. ■JSWpflf, 
Lev. XXVI, 43) 'a 1533 'a punishment corresponding to 
deed. Ned. 32 a . Snh. 90 a 'a 1S33 'a n"3pn bll? WPfiB b3 all 
retributions of the Lord are in correspondence with man's 
doings. Ber. 48 b 'whatever the Lord thy God has given 
thee' rnssme ma "p3i raw 'a "p3...b33 -53111 (not ma) 
he is thy judge in whatever sentence he decrees upon 
thee, whether it be a good or an evil dispensation. Ib. 

IX, 5, v. ika. Sabb. 97 a . Ib. 151 b IT 'a b3> dbiyb at 

all times let one pray to be spared this fate (poverty); 
a. fr.— PI. as ab. Snh. 90 a , v. supra. Yoma 87 b 1i33>an 
'31 VTiiia bj? he who passes over his retaliations (who for- 
bears to retaliate), his failings will be passed over (be 
forgiven); Meg. 28 a . Ib. "WTO b3> TlaS ttb I never in- 
sisted on retaliation ; Kidd. 71 a vmia bs la3>a 13iSO(Rashi : 
i"ara); a. fr. — 3) manner, ways, character, nature, con- 
dition. Ber. 40 a '31 n"3pn maa xb the nature of divine 
(intellectual) affairs is not like the nature of human (ma- 
terial) affairs, lb. ll b '21 DV ma "W ffl lft to mention the 
nature of the day (light) at night. Tanh. Balak3 ima Ha 

-% .iat is the nature of his power. B. Mets. 33 a n3"W 'a 
'a it is a (meritorious) way (of studying) and is not, i. e. 
you might do better ; Y. Hor. Ill, 48 c top 'a n3i&<U5 'a ; a. 
fr.— PL as ab. Ab. V, 10 D1N3 'a 3J31N there are four 
different dispositions of men (as to treating one's fellow- 
man); ib. 11 ni3>13 'a 3?31X four characters (tempera- 
ments); ib. 12 DiTvabt-Q 'a 3>31K four natures of students 
(with regard to receptive and retentive faculties). Y. Snh. 
XI, 30 a bot. '31 'a 3>3U) bs all the seven characteristic 
features of righteous men which the scholars have de- 
fined have been realized in Rabbi. Ned. 20 b 'a stun 133 
children conceived under nine (abnormal mental) con- 
ditions. R. Hash. 17 b , a. fr. 'a nill» labia the thirteen 
divine attributes (Ex. XXXIV, 6, sq.). Ned. 32 a , v. TIB; a. 
fr.— "pin ma a) justice. Tosef. Yeb. IX, 3, a. e., v. ilpb. 
— Esp. the divine attribute of justice, opp. D^anin 'a, 
v. "pi II.— b) common sense, logical argument. Yoma 43 b 
rorvu "fin 'a (NM) ~p common sense dictates this; Shebu. 
I4 a . Y. Maas. Sh. II, 53 c top "pin 'ab ('aa) itfjs -painn 
they regulated the laws of Sabbath limits according to 
common sense (not by textual interpretation). — c) de- 
cision in money matters, civil law (contrad. to ritual law). 
Y. Gitt. V, 46 c bot. pn "pin 'ab t)K the same principle 
holds good for civil law (collection of claims, v. ni3lE3); 
Y. Shebi. X, 39 c bot. Ib. (last line) '31 "pin 'a 'pliabl' do 
we apply the rules of Prosbol (v. blSTIIB) to ordinary 
claims? Y. B. Kam. V, beg. 4 d 31in m&t "pin 'a3 pin Kb 
(strike out ",iaa3) in civil law we are not guided by pro- 
babilities (v. 311; cmp. Bab. ib. 27 b ). Y. Ber. II, 5 a bot. 
'in 'abl but in civil law (questions of possession). — 4) prin- 
ciple, standard, consistency. Men. Ill, 4 '31 '1 maa follow- 
ing the principle of R. &c; Pes. 77 b ; Y. ib. VII, 34 c top. 
Shek. IV, 6 'an &W ns^K (comment, 'an ",a n3">K) this is 
not consistent (with a previous rule). Ib. 7 nx nimn 
ima (Y. ed. ITViia) he makes his standards even (is con- 
sistent). Pes. I, 7 'an &rn Wit this is not the right ar- 
gument. Ib. I5 b ati 'ai 'a 'an &Wi n3^x i&tax why do 
you say, it is no argument? it is surely a correct argument. 
Y. Hag. Ill, 77 d 'Menahem went out' means NS* 1 'ab 'aa 
he went over from one principle to another (joined the 
opposition; Bab.ib.l6 b nsi niamb HX">).— Esp.rila rules 
of interpretation. Sifra introd., ch. I, end '31 'a jJ3ir...bbn 
Hillel the Elder explained seven rules &c; Ab.d'R.N. ch. 
XXXVII; Tosef. Snh.VII, 11. Sifra introd., beg. (R.Yishm. 
said) '31 'a nilT2> lubU33 the Torah is interpreted by means 
of thirteen rules. [Appendix to treat. B'rakhoth. 'a 3"b 
'31 1011 '1 blU the thirty two rules of R.Jose the Galilean.] 
— Lev. R. s. 3, beg. 'ai PYDbfl decisions and interpretations 
(by which the decisions were reached), v. XFibisa. — Gitt. 
67 a '31 Vtfitm manna naiin irjWd my rules of inter- 
pretation are the selection from selections of rules by R. 
Akiba.— Ber. 33 b 'ai 31am n"3pn bia WM rronsuj he 
makes compassion the standard (or reason) of the divine 
laws, while they are decrees (the reasons for which it 
behooves not man to discuss); Y. ib. V, 9 C bs ISTl X11p3 
'31 'a because it sounds as if he were finding fault with 
the ways of the Lord (as if the Lord were partial) ; ",ri3a 
'ai 'ab n33Jip as though he were setting limits to the at- 
tributes of the Lord. 




PHD, JTTQ ch. l)same. Targ. Ps. LVI, 5 ; 11 PW*W 
W*l, """am 'a, v. preced. Targ. Lam. I, 1 ; a. e.— Suh. 38 b 
ion "o Stin TW "'"Pit the two dimensions are alike. — 
[2) tribute. Ezra IV, 20, a. e., v. n^a.] 

tfPTC, v. -TO. 
t : • ! • 

Sn"TD, Targ. Esth. I, 2 bam 'a n^ ed. Lag. (ed. Amst. 

ban rn nana) read bam wa^ro n-> nana. 

S1"ID m. f*W) affliction. Targ. Esth. VI, 1 &8VTB our 



'"QUE, M. Kat. 12 b some ed., v. SOiana a. VtyfitV^ 

V THD m. (b. h.; nrj) /?ua?. Mace. 14 b ; Nidd. 41 b IS 
r : XS^ir until the flux is discharged through &c. lb. 
rt r ffioa WlTa what flows from her is subject to the 
e laws as" her body. lb. Xaaa WJ"TS (not n&taaa). 

XmilTQ) Yoma 23* Ar. s. v. Tl», v. 6TOO. 

"HE, Gen. E. s. 91 KOatfl 'an (ed. Wil. "PTOS), v. "KPJB. 
;. Kidd. IV, 65 d top nbin ifta, read: t^. 

*™, BTTja *mvn 'a, v. mq^l 

?jilI2 m.Cr^)i?esWe.Bets.I,7;Tosef.ib.I,18.Ib.l7;a.e. 
r fcCHQ m. ch.=next w. Lam. E. to I, 1 ^rCTi ('nxa *in3) 


c<pbda '^ "in a wooden mortar that had been thrown 
away (broken). 

HDilQ f. (b. h. nana; ^1) 1) mortar. Tosef. Bets. 
I, 17. Yoma 75 a , v. ^Wl. Kel. XXIII, 2 n^lan'a a Median 
mortar (on the protruding handles of which the pounders 
ride when at work); [Maim., (ed. Dehrenb. nn"na, corr. 
ace): a sort of saddle, v. infra]. Sabb. 81 u mvp 'a SPOttS 
'a (v. Tosaf. a. 1.) as large as the leg of a small spice 
mortar; Y. ib. VIII, end, ll c . — 2) a mortar- shaped seat. 
Yeb. 16 a ; Y. ib. 3 a hot. Kel. XXIII, 2, v. supra. 

fcCpllE m. ch.=h. rpta. Sot. 22 a ssraan . . . 'a tfr* 
'a "o (he is called) the 'pestle-Pharisee' because he is bent 
sideways like a pestle (in the mortar). 


RTQ^nn f. ch.=h. roTTO. Targ.O. Num. XI, 8 (Targ. 
Y.II snriraj.— Y. Bets. I* 60 d top. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. 
hTOTTO. Ib. JTTOTTO (corr. ace). — [Lam.E. to I, 3; Num. 

E.s. 12 'a varmna, v. kw«o.] 

3T1Q m. (apocopate infin. of ^b/n) the act of drawing 
water. Targ. Y. Ex. II, 19, v. n*b/n. 

"2T\12, v. WW. 

"HID m. (1W I) 1) dwelling.— WW 'a (DV'ss, dw 'a) 
a- dwelling that has been occupied by gentiles (in Pales- 

tine, which is unclean until examined and found free of 
corpses). Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 10 '?n 'a ypTO lESTO how 
is a vacated gentile dwelling examined? — Ib. 6 D^fVC 
'?n 'a d'VBW Samaritan inmates make a dwelling subject 
to the law of m'dor ha'ammim. Ohol. XVIII, 9; a. fr. — 
2) story, compartment. E. Hash. 24 b 'pbsn 'a the upper 
story of the heavens; "jinnnn 'a the lower story (sphere 
of the heavenly bodies). Nidd. 31 a "pnnnn 'a the lowest 
compartment of the womb. Pirke d'E. El. ch. XXIII ; a. 
fr.— PI. n-Htta, fHtm Ohol. XVIII, 7 dTtirn 'a; Pes. 9 a 
d"H2J"Dn 'a (v. **&&)', a. e.— Tosef. Mikv.VI, 1 tt Vftfva (E. 
S. to Mikv. VIII, 1 n-nvia) the dwellings therein.— [Tosef. 
Maas. 8h. I, 5 THa WOO, v. Tha.] — [Midr. Prov. ch. VI; 
Yalk. ib. 939 frfta, v. rTtfva.] 

"lilQ, fcOllQ ch. same. Targ. Ps. LXXVI, 3. Targ. 
Gen. XXX, 20 T ;— PI. Tfho, IWW, Ib. VI, 16 (com- 
partments of the ark); Targ. 0. ib.14. Targ. I Chr. IV, 41. 
Targ. Job XXXVII, 8; a. e.— Ib. XXXVIU, 40 tKtffho.— 
[■nvia, Bekh. 44b, v . ifi-ra.] 

SHITQ f.=next» w. Targ. Is. XXX, 33 KmBtfi 'a (ed. 
Lag. xniUiX ttr Oa , corr. ace). V. XFnria. 

nn^llD f. (b. h.; WI) row. pile of ivood, fire. Tarn. 
I, 1 dtiJ tHrhn 'ai and there was an open fire place there. 
Bets. II, 5; a. e.— PI. constr. ^la. Midr. Prov. ch. VI; 
Yalk. ib. 939 din*^ 'a t*> the fourteen pyres of Gehenna. 

^riH^lQ ch. same. Bets. 32 b ; Erub. 101 a . 
t : : 

XtS^TQ m. (v. next w.) treading; (Arab.) polishing. 
— 'al xrnain. Erub. 69 a (Ms. 0. 'na); M. Kat. 12 b , v. 

HtS^nQ f. (b. h. H#TD ; «J«n) that which is trodden 
or threshed! Midr. Till, to Ps. CXIX, 25.— PL d^na. Ib. 
(Gen. E. s. 69 «Jfcj q. v.). 

"TO, ^"HE (b. h.) pr. n. Media. Shek. Ill, 4 'a diub 
on behalf of "the Median Jews. B. Kam. IX, 5 tb^S* 
'ab (^SS) mnx he must carry it (the unlawful property) 
after him even as far as Media. Kidd. 71 b nbm 'a Media 
is sick (doubtful as to purity of descent), v. 0015; Gen. 
E. s. 37, end; Y. Yeb. I, end, 3 b ; Y. Kidd. IV, 65 d top *rra 
(read ">'Ha). Esth. E. to I, 3 'an tWttJn nine portions (of 
beauty) has Media; (different in Kidd. 49 b ). Ab. d'E. N. 
ch. XXVIII 'a bir miI5l3> (ed. Schechter "Win) the wealth 
of Media (Eome); a. fr. 

"H/G> ^"IQ m. (preced.) Median. Sabb. II, 1, a. e., v. 
DVU. Yoma ll b 'an 1SU5 a Median gate (archway). Esth. 
E. to I, 22 'a "("nub the Median language; a. e. — 'Fem. 
mra, tV**TQ. Ib. Kel. XXIII, 2, v. narra; a. e.—Pl. ni*Ta. 
Esth. E. to'l, 11. Sabb. VI, 6, v. CfJB. Y. ib. XII, 13 c bot!; 
ib. IX, end, 12 b 'a d^an Median wheat-grains; a. e. 

^" I 1I2, H&HD ch. same. Dan. VI, l.—Pl. W^a. Targ. 
Esth. T X,2. [YTAb!zar.n, 41 c top X^Ta, v. n^na.] 

riD n ia, v. nai^ra. 





ri"l" 1 'lD f. (ma) measuring. B. Mets. 61 b (ref. to maa, 
Lev. XIX, # 35) Spnp mma It this refers to land-measur- 
ing. Pesik. Vayhi, p. 7 ;l (ref. to Ex. XXVI, 6 a. 11) 1HK 
'Dl 'ab one mam refers to the measuring (fitting), the 
other to anointing (the tabernacle after it is put up). Y. 
Sot, IX,23 C hot.; Snh. 14 b ,Y.pW<3>.— Sot. 45 a , v. fib}? ; a.e. 

D'OV'IQ, Pesik. Ekhah, p. 122 1 ', v. "ji^. 

n n "IC, Targ. Prov. XIV, 14 ed. Wil., v. rTTC II. 

""TO, Wl nfti.^ *i», Win. 

- T • T TT T -T 7 • t' ttt 

T T : • t t : 

■7H0, v. v™. 

P'TO, v. ftp. 
"TO v. 13. 

£ j-E I pr.n. (b.h.) Afz'fZtan, a nomadic tribe. Targ. Ex. 
II, 16; a. fr.— Num. E. s. 20, v. Ian ; Snh. 105 a ; a. fr.— 
Denom. ^ma^/.d^ma. Num.R.l.c.'; Tanh.Balak3; 

"£"$3 II m. (b. h.; yn) strife. — PL WJWJfc T;ma. 
Hor.Vo 1 ' 'ai ya 'a Vwn« he (Lot) cast strife between Is- 
rael and Ammon; Naz. 23 ,) (corr. ace). 

W'HE, V. KfiJ'na. 

n J ' |Q f. (b. h. ; "("n I) [jurisdiction,] district, country. 
Maas. Sh. Ill, 4 (contrad. to Jerusalem). R. Hash. IV, 3 ; 
Succ. Ill, 12 (contrad. to the Sanctuary); a. fr. — In gen. 
province ; large toun, capital. Pes.51 a 'an b:> all the people 
of the place. Gen. R. s. 50, end, v. ^ims. Esth. 1, 1 
ITDIbtt 'a 'a Y8 . . . '3D dlpa b2 wherever 'ir is used in 
the Scriptures, it means a capital, wherever m'dinah is 
used, it means an hyparchia (province); a. fr. 

snyia, * ft ra, arDin m . (^ East. Tar g . y. 

nGen.'XV, T 19. Targ. Job 1,3' (h. text' dip); a. fr.— Y. 
Gitt. II, 44 b top 'a ^3a (=h. dip W) nomads. Gen. R. s. 
37, end (translating dlpn in, Gen. X, 30) 'a "Hid the 
mountains of the East.— Constr.mia. Targ.Num.XXXIV, 
1 1 ; a. e.— Y. B. Bath. II, 1 3 C top mms'iaa on the east-side 
of him. 

bswtq (ra • • •), **3 n "ra f - ch -= h - tt?- Tar g- 

Is. X, T 13 (ed. Lag. T mila). Targ. II Esth. VIII, 9. —Targ. 
Prov. XVI, 32 (h. text ITS). Targ. Y. II Num. XXIV, 24 
SMI 'a Constantinople (or Rome); a.e. — Taan. 19 b , v. 
atmisa. Lam. R. to I, 1 Tffl beg. 'a 'Wfl ""b^S Sin the 
gate of that city; a. fr.— PI. IJTRJ, Nn3"Ha. Targ. II Esth. 
1. c. Targ. I Kings XX, 14. Targ! II Esth. IV, 11 ; a. fr. 

X I'lQ m. pm I) =h. rl^to, winnowing fan. Targ. Is. 
XXX, T 24 (ed. Jj&g.' pi.).— PL KWk Targ. Jer. XV, 7. 

fcCfiS'TQ m. (*\2*) marker, marfc.-PJmiaia^v.snsiaia. 

JSHlJ iD f. psi) cleansing, house-cleaning. Targ. II 
Esth. Ill, 8. 

S?i!p"]Q f. (JOT) clean fat (permitted to eat). Bekh. 
30 a Var. in Ar., v. "JO III. 

710, part. Hif. of bbn. 

blD, N^IQ, fcOTO m. (compound of xa, ~x a. b) 
belonging, property. Y. Keth. VI, 30' 1 hot. T^psnx . . *i 
"peW*l bla mas orphan's money was given in tr of 
R. . .; Y. Gitt. V, 46' 1 bot. (insert mas); Y. Shel- Y?4s :i 
bot. Y. Ned. IX, 41 c r^Via! Kin himself an' 1 ..-"^'tever 
belonged to him. Lam. R. to 1, 1 va"! beg. Y " TptKl 
rV^ma and gave him his belongings in cl .ge. i'>. end 
"pm'al JOnlS b3) all these riches and belongings. Ib.mbm 
'ai "tym "paoi Kbl (read mbla) I was afraid lest his rel- 
atives may take away his belongings; a. e. — V. fctblia. 

Jtf "Q I m. watchman's lodge, v. Nb-jax. 

* 1m 

S >"/G II m., pi. N^bla pb'n) dratcing, resorbing. 
Pes. 40 a '31 Wt*»^*pa aax b= as long as the grains absorb 
liquid, they do not ferment; v. tfb-ra. 

rnfcO"ID, v. next w. 

T\yT)12 f., pi. m'sblo (denom. of nsbl) gourd-fields. 
Shebi. Il", 1 'aai niKttJpaa (ed. Y. a. Ms. m! '531 '©pa; not 
'xbia) in cucumber and gourd fields ; ib. 2. Y. ib. II, beg. 
33 c nsbiai niapa 'ib D^iua R. s. a. 1. c. (ed. nbmai . . . ia . . .) 
when he himself has a field of &c; a. e. — Erub. 104* "psbia 
Ms. M. (ed. V^Vi), v. rTtJjja. 

frODTQ, SDEHD m. (r t OT) sleeping*-'-* (n)Ta resrf- 
iny |?Zrtce, bed-room. Targ. Job XXXIII, 15. Ib. 19 (Ms. 
'-pa). Targ. Y. Gen. II, 24 'TO; a. e. 


toso p, v. la I. 

v. in. 

m i 

1fj]2, I^Q m. (=pi"a; b.h. HWWj ft?, H«/".) knot in 
reed-matting. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. XI, 12 'ab ^ta 1 pQla'«r*t) 
(R. S. to Kel. XX, 7 ",1a) two handbreadths of matting 
between each two knots.— PL a^TO, "p^a, 'Sira. Ib. 11 
'a ilDiO IttJp NbD tJ (not "nSp; R. S. 1. c. 'Sa) before he 
knotted the tops of the knots. Ib. VII, 11 [read:] ITOpiiaa 
nbD 'an "Weei (v. R. S. to Kel. XVII, 17). Kel. XX, 7 *Wa. 
Succ. 13 b ; Y. ib. II, end, 52 c '3>a. 

Sj^Q ch. same, bunch, bouquet. — PL constr. I »3'TO. 
Sabbr3 T 3 5 Ar. (ed. "OSWa). 

^31^? m - CW oh J ect °f stri f e - Tar g- Ps - LXXX, 7 
(Ms. a. Regia !>»"ma). 

rem xrenn, sn^na, v. m™. 

- : -' t : • : r . : -' n •* 

^^ m. (b. h.; ST;) intelligence. Mace. 23 a , v. -r 1 ;. 

^^D, S^^T^, C ch. same, knowledge, teaching; reason. 
Targ. Jer. Ill', 15. Targ. Prov. I, 5. Targ. Ps. XXXIV, 1 
(Ms. Tan). — 'a FT* (euphem. for Tips *pna3a) male adult. 
Targ. I Sam. XXV, 22; a. fr. — PL (fem. form) $5Kja, 'TO 
objects tvorth knowing or well-known, (used of persons) 
notables. Targ. 0. Deut. I, 13; 15 (v. Berl. Massorah, p. 
120; h.text DW^.—V. SWa. 

D3^TQ> i » m - (comp. of 3?la, v. preced., a. enclitic 
a for Ka) [noticeable,] something; anything (corresp. to h. 




BWD, naWO or W). Targ. Job XXXI, 7. Targ. Gen. 
XXII, 12 (Y. LevitaO;H3a). Targ. Deut. XVII, 1; a. fr.— 
liekh. 51 1 ' n-QS ttT«a "TO (Rashi a. Tosaf.) thou didst some- 
thing wrong (in giving the redemption money with the 
•tation of getting it refunded). Snh. 55 a S«iT!!K '■»»« 
'3"N» doing something else (unnatural gratification) he 
ougl ' .to be punished. Tanh. Huck. 2 X3K0S 'a *,a from 
any till'- iclean. B. Bath. 123 a 'a &6l ... K^ITO Kb (Ms. 
M. T<fi/ > Id Joseph have been given no preference 
whatever?; a..e. — V. "W?, 6'HU. 

T\TV2, v. nrnia. 

*]123 m. (~2t; v. v]1) clap-board, trap for birds. Kel. 

*p23 m. (ri3) a vessel used for smoking bees out, v. 
reva*. Kei. xvi, 7. 

*]123 m. (vHJ) indirect contact by shaking, breathing 
&c. (cmp. lyVTa, asrn). — Esp. 'a risCMO, or 'a the unclean- 
ness of an object arising from an unclean person's in- 
direct contact; the object thus made unclean ; uncleanness 
of a minor degree. Nidd. 4 a TWltl )V0 (xa-j) 'tfl (Tosef. 
Toh. IV, 4 D*na) and an object of minor uncleanness 
rests under it. Sifra M'tsor a, Zabim, ch. IV, Par. 3 niUTS 
'a Vnnn he makes the things under him (e. g. cushions 
directly under his head) unclean as a middaf; a. e. — PI. 
' itffflo laws concerning middaf. Y. Sot.V, 20 b . Y. Dem. II, 
23 a top.— Y. Sabb. VII, 9 J hot. mM« 'a ina what kind of 
middaf oth? Contact. 


pT5» v. 
agro, v. -^. 

"1123 m. (transpos. of TB9, v. IW*W) [fallings, v. bbs,] 
ordure, a material used for vessels. Sifra M'tsor'a, Neg., 
Par. 6, ch. IV. [R. S. to Neg. XII, 6 quotes T"ia, ref. to 
KTW Ab. Zar. 75 lj .] 

"1123, jffi/". "man (denom. of "p-rTO) to sfrmi, to incline. 
B. Bath. 22 b ^1 nx THaaa Ar. a. Ms. F. (Ms. M. "n-WJOa; 
ed. THDHQ, Ms. H. WaOj Ms. 0. "PTTQWj; v. Rabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note) when he inclines the sill of his wall (so that 
none can stand or lean on it). 

5^1123 m., pi. "ma (transpos. of XTia; "TH; cmp. 
■p-na) water-courses., gutters. Sabb. 145 b \eOTi "n W (Ms. 
M. 'a "U; Ms. 0. *TTa "a) the drains of Babylonia; Bekh. 
*4 b Tffia (corr. ace). 

IS 123 m. (transpos. of ama, *fi; cmp. preced.) cAas- 
tising whip. Yoma 23 a (Ms. L. xsma ; Ar. s. v. Ttf : xn-iTna ; 
Ms. 0. WTOSno, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8), v. ?">pS I. 

51 .31123, "H123 f. (b. h.; JttT*) 1) embankment, ac- 
clivity. Kil. VI, 2 Taa nnso yiBCJ nnx one row on level 
ground and one on the embankment. Y. ib. 30 c top SIS" 1 !!' 
■pab3 "0T> (not SETO) the slope of the embankment is 
considered as if on a level with the lower ground ; Y. 
Sabb. XI, 13 a bot.; a. ix.—Pl. PYfeTW, **$, Tosef. Peah 
I, 9. Shebi. II, 8; Tosef. ib. Ill, 4, v. fcOa.— 2) step, rank. 
Kidd.40 b . 

"1123, pi. nWlO, v. THa. 

SrVOT)l23 f. pr. n. (-pi) Madrokhitha, name of a 
peak. Targ. I Sam. XIV, 4 (h. text ri3D). 

1*11123, 123 (in Y. Dial.) T^rMa, p*$Q m. (v. SOTa a. 
Tft II) sloping; 'a Dlpa declivity'.'^PesA2 ,l , opp. ■("liaax. B. 
Mets. 82 b ,sq.-Y. Sabb. XI, 13 a bot.'3ia Dipan .-pnun when 
the place was sloping; Y. Erub.X, 26 a bot. OOj Y. B.Bath. 
I, end, 13 a "p-TOa. Y. Erub. I, 18 c top '21 '31a nTl (sub. 
Dips) if there was a declivity in the middle of the alley. 
Y.Sot. IX, 23 c bot. '3a.— Tosef. Mikv. IV, 10 (expl. I ffrnu) 
'to -pxan Q"a\m <V (Maim, to Mikv. V, 6 'an -,a) rain 
water that runs down a declivity. 

1*11123, T123 ch. same. Targ. Mic. 1, 4 (ed. Wil. 'TO ; 
h. text "rfte). Targ. Ps. LXXXIII, 14 (ed. Lag. 'ma). V. 


nJ n ")l23, v. w*b. 

D '123 m. (CTn) 1) treading, place trodden upon, in 
gen. basis, seat, esp. midras, levitical uncleanness arising 
from a gonorrhoeist's immediate contact by treading, lean- 
ing against &c. Nidd. VI, 3 '£(3) Mffloh bz whatever can 
be made unclean as a midras; expl. ib. 49 b 'ab i;m be 
whatever is fit to be used as a seat, couch &c. Kel. XXIV, 
1. Par. X, 1; a. v. fr. — In gen. ■fatBEtfl ax, uncleanness 
of the first degree. Hag. II, 7 ; a. fr. — PI. ivfefl'lfi cases of 
midras. Hull. 35 a . Sabb. 59 a ; a. e. — 2) a sort of shoe or 
heel. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. II, 14 'ab IX bl3>3ab "Wpnn E. 
S. to Kel. XII, 5 (ed. D"nnab, corr. ace.) if he made the 
nail for a shoe or a midras. 

asni23, v. k*™. 

JSpH123, v. xp^a. 

w~n23 m. (b. h. ; nJ*Tn) textual interpretation; study. 
Keth. IV, 6 '31 IBTl 'a nt the following interpretation 

did R teach &c. ; Shek. VI, 6.— Y.Yeb.XV, 14 d fna» 

'a rxaxo, v. naina ; a. fr.— Ab. 1, 17 'ai fpVh xin 'an xb 
not study is the main thyig, but practice is. Kidd. 49 a 

bot. '-Q term . . . n3raa by Mishnah , R. Judah says, 

we understand textual interpretation (as Sifra, Sifre &c), 
contrad. to rvebn. Ib. b niin an*ia min tftl (R. Johanan 
means) by Torah the interpretation of the Torah text ;— 'an tn (abbr.a"nn) school, college. Meg.27 a 3"nn 
a"n3 VWDSb "ma you may change a synagogue into a 
school house; a. fr.— PI. tn&fvx Ker. 13 b . Y. Ter. VIII, 
45 b top; (ib. I, 40 d ni^ipa). Gen. R. s. 42 'a VC school 
houses; a. fr. — Esp. Midrash, homiletic book, nm lUTra 
Midrash Babbah, homilies on the Pentateuch (and the five 
M'gilloth) (beginning with nn"i xiSUin "\).— TVtn 'a (from 
its beginning n^n, Prov.XXII,29)=Di-Pirn ■«) 'a Canti- 
cum Babbah; "irox 'a Midrash Esther or Esther Babbah 
&c— bxiaaJ 'a a Midrash to the Books of Samuel ; D" 1 ^ "3, 
also nia in/id (from its beginning, Pro v. XI, 27) a Midrash 
to the Psalms. — xa^n3Pi 'a Midrash Tanhuma, to the 
Pentateuch.— PI. P & h m Midrashim, esp. nian Babboth 
(a plural of nan by false analogy). 





XJ£FHD, '112 ch. same. Lev. R. s. 9 'o X3nn (read: 
i35nx; Num'. R.'s.'9 noil WW) the lecture was delayed. 
—'a 13 (in Targ. frequ. only 'o) =h. union JVQ, v. preced. 
Targ. Y. Gen. IX, 27. lb. XXV, 27; a. fr. — Ab. Zar. 74 b ; 
Erub. 60 a , v. mis. Y. Yoma III,40 C bot., v. nin. Pes. 33 a ; 
a. e.— PI. T^"]0, HNltfto, "^. Targ. Jud. V, 24. Targ. Ps. 
LXXX, 11; ale. 

XD™ni3, 'a xnup33, v. xn-na. 

TV2, TV2 (b. h.) 1) something ; anything. Num. R. s. 
14; Tanh. Haye 3, v. rvybz.—2) what ? which? Hull. 89 a 
(play onbbx 03Oxn,Ps.LVIII, 2) bbx3...in301X rfB which 
is the best policy for man in this world? Let him act as if 
he were mute (keep silence). B.Mets. 63 a ,a.e.ibno "nib ITO 
"(ii'i'al what are they to me and what their equivalent, i. 
e. what difference does it make whether the purchased 
objects or their equivalent be delivered?; Y. YomaV, 43 a 

bot. ■jme-i fa noi 'jrwa no. b. Bath. 32 b ; 3i a ib (ib) rra 

"ipttJb what motive could he have to tell a lie? lb., a. e. 
'31 nns OlpOD. Ipcb ib no we do not apply the principle 
I bat we believe a defendant because he has no motive 
to he, where witnesses are on hand; a. v. fr. — S]K ... Mo 
wbat.. .?, even so, i. e. as... so. Gitt. 23 b/ 3l C)X...Onxno 
as you (Num.XVlII, 28) refers to Israelites, so must your 
delegate be an Israelite. Sabb. 133 b '31 C]X . . Xin no as 
He is gracious and merciful, so be thou &c; a. fr. — 

piy b3 xb. ., v. ?r.— *,"*! i3ix ... no, v. *,i*j H.— pttj . .-b no 

loxn . . . what has this to do with . . .? In this case . . ., 
whereas &c, i. e. it is different tcith . . . because &c. Kidd. 
4 b '31 loan . . . pttJ no-rb no the case of a Y'bamah is 
different, because she can neither be acquired by means 
of a document, whereas this (an ordinary woman) &c. ; a. fr. 
— -jtfJB? no (in Babli mostly: "]1UB3 noo ; abbr. 3"00) what- 
ever be thy opinion (from whatever opinion thou start), i. 
e. whichever side you take, at all events. Y. Ber. I. 2 b '3 'a 
'31 OX at all events (he has offended); if it was day-time 
when the first stars (on Friday evening) were visible, it 
was day-time when the first stars (onSabbath evening) were 
visible &c; Sabb. 35 b 3"aa nxon 3""n must bring a sin- 
offering at all events (whether you consider twilight a 
part of the day or a part of the night). lb. 34 a (in Chald. 
diet.) '31 ix ~pE3 no whichever side you take, if twilight 
is day &c. Erub. 10 a '31 iX 3"00 ">b nob . . . nbl"tt what 
reason was there for saying 'large . . .'? In either case 
(it is incorrect), if it be to permit the use of the larger 
court &c. Hull. 29 a '31 nxna iX 3"oo in either case (the 
slaughtering is ritually correct) ; if you adopt the opinion 
that an exact half is to be considered as if it were the 
larger portion &c; — lb. 78 b "|tt5B3 OX no, v. CE3. — 
nE2 a) tvherewith? B. Bath. 10 b '31 Dim nao. whereby 
can the horn of Israel be lifted up? Sabb. II, 1 ; a. fr. — 
b) in tvhat case ? Qiniox Qi-Qn noa (abbr. X'"l3), v. lox I. 

— nsb wherefore? Ber. 3 a ib nob JOO-O nbnn what 

need is there for a sign for the beginning of the first 
watch ? M. Kat. 28 a '31 n3O03 'b why is the account of the 
death of Miriam attached to &c.?; a. fr. — nab to what?, 
whereto? Kidd.40 b QibfflO3 0"ip"*ra 'bwhat are the righteous 
to be compared to?— non "Qin 'b, v. no*l;— V. nob. 

' T T ' T T 

—3) (relat.) tuhich, what. Pes. 88 b '31 13.5 n3plU no what- 
ever the slave acquires belongs to the master. Ber. I, 1 
'31 IIOXTU no bs for whatever act the scholars designated 
the time 'up to midnight' &c; a. v. fr. 

TV2 f TV2 ch. same (v. Xo). Targ. II Sam. XVHI, 23. Targ. 
Ex.XXXIII,21; a. v. fr.— Snh. 65 b ; Gen. R.s. ll,v.X-n"r.. 
Y. Ned. VI, end, 40 a 'on nip3.\B no what (prominent men) 
I left there (in Palestine); Y. Snh. I, 19 a top (corr. ace.) 
[lb. ib 5110 no, read 'XO.]— Y. Gitt. I, 43' 1 yaup *,3X no 
what do we stand at, i. e. what is the case before us? 
Y. Dem. I, 21 d bot. '31 "tt -ffiBX no what? is it possible 
that &c? i. e. it is impossible that &c; ib. bl3ia 'T "l no 
'31 it is impossible that R. Z. should eat &c. Y. Sabb. 
XIV, 14 c "in^-a no wherein do they differ?, v. fig, Hull. 
34 a , a. e. -U3B3 no, v. preced.; a. v. fr.— X" i no=X" , n no, how 
is it? Y. Sabb. I.e. 

tfRH, v. nno. 

T T T T 

rn^JfllQ, Y. Keth. 1, 25 b top, v.'jn. [Comment, take 
our w. as a geographical designation of coins; v. Zucker- 
mann Talm. Miinzen, p. 15.] 

S I MPQ m. fYTft) review, revision. B. Bath. 157 1 ' 
'31 'm XOp 'O (in) the first revision (of the Talmudic 
traditions) by R. Ashi lie told us (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 
3). [In later literature 'o edition.] 

^yClTTD m. fTTh) peddler.— PI. ' nf»;ta Ber. 51 b , v. 


fltllZ, ISilQ, Pi. nn-o, xnia (v. nno) to dissolve, di- 

TT TT T • ' " • v It' 

lute; (of clothes) to make threadbare and ragged.— P 'art. 
pass, xnino, f. xnino, nn^ino. Toh. IX, 9 nnmo niboo 

ed. Dehr. (oth. ed. xn . . . ) a tattered (scorched) piece of 
cloth; Nidd. 56 a xnmon niboo; ib.4 a 'noinon (corr. ace). 
Kel. XXIV, 17 '31 rmbattJ nnmo a threadbare shred 
patched on a sound one (nii"ia, v. KTB). 

Nif. nno3, xno? to be tattered, fall to pieces. Ib. XXVII, 
12 ed. Dehr. xno3, Mish. ed. nno3; Talm. ed. nno3). 

Hif. nnon, xnon to dissolve; to crumble, sift. Maas. 
Sh. V, 1 -]Bimi nnop Ar. (ed. pr. xnop; ed. nnoo) he dis- 
solves (the lime) and pours it over the spot; B.Kam.69 a 

nnoo Ms. r. (ed. nn . .). Zeb. 54 a '31 xnooi ... 1i0 xino 

Ar. (ed. nnooi) takes lime, molten lead and pitch and 
mixes them and pours &c. Ohol. XVIII, 4 nnooled.Dehr. 
(Ar. xnooi, ed. nn . . .) and crumbles (and sifts the earth). 

^7712 h. (=in no) what is it? how is it? Targ. 
II Esth. 1, 2 (3) ; a. e — Kidd. 33 b '31 1105i\I3 'o how is it, i. e. 
must his father stand up before him? Ib. '31 masb 'o must 
one stand up &c. ?— Y. Yoma III, beg. 40 b iplio, 'o what 
does bor'kay mean?— Hull. 46 a 'o opbna how is it if the 
liver is &c, v. Opb; a. v. fr. — OTTil 'o what is it you 
might think?, i. e. you might be under the impression. 
Arakh. 21 '' '31 ibim 'T 'o you might assume that he an- 
nulled (the protest), therefore we are given to under- 
stand &c, v. X^urs ; a. fr. 




fcFDITO, v. ijina ii. 

NTin^, ^"n1l2 m. (bnal) circumciser. Sabb. 156*. 
— P/.^xbina. IbTl35 a . 

N~T!E I f. = Xttb^ina II. Keth.8 a "3 "U a festival of 


S*™- II m. 0*0) sieve. — PL ve*b«m. Y. M.Kat. 

t • , ~ • x - : 

I, 81 b top '31 '- ""b-xs "mn permitted to make sieves dur- 
ing the festive week for the use on the Festival. 

Sri^nE I f. same. Gen. R. s. 81, v. STn; Tanh. 
Vayishl. 8, ▼. WT/a II.— Bets. 29 b 'n*l X3JX on an inverted 
sieve. — PI. WjWtO. lb. M.Kat. ll a 'a \fWcb to plait 
sieves (during the festive week), v. preced. 

Nr~"rTC, £ II f. (bnal) circumcision; foreskin. 
Targ. Ex. IV,' 25, sq. (0. ed. Berl. xrbrrc). Targ. Y. Gen. 
XLV, 4 ; a. e. 

PI -*i"7£, 7712*7712 f. (b. h.; O^n or nan) commotion, 
trouble. Ab. V, 8 '- ~V2 l~"i a famine in consequence of 
(war) trouble. Koh. R. to XII, 12 Xin to...So« '"3 nana 
'z' for mehemmah (ib.) read m'hummah, for whosoever 
brings more than the twenty four Biblical books to his 
house, brings trouble &c; a.e. [Nidd. 4 a Tiainan, v.Hfr:.] 

(KF£"r?£ ch. same. PI. xrnna. Targ. Esth. 1, 10. 

- T " T 

S"TO, v. rra ch. 

• T » 

fcOlTD (fcOTID), v. vofrm. 

fcC'TC, v. x=-rs. 

T " " » - 

S J*T7J2 f. (bna I) circumcision. 'a "O fit for circum- 
cision. Yeb. 71 a . 

TD'TJQj v. ■jarn 

"PHH I m. quick, v. nna. 

"1 < \1Z II m. mahir, a fabulous animal of gigantic 
dimensions. Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 d bot. [read:] b*ttb Tno TIB 
'=" KTRB '- ","."= X3 -/'X is it permitted to raise animals 
(in Palestine) ? SaysB.Ba,Even an animal like mahir &c; 
Y. Pes. 1Y, 30 d bot. (con-, ace); Y. B. Kam. VII, end, 6 a 
(out of place). 

rn~Pn£? f. freral) quickness, speed. Gen. R. s. 10, 
oppos. rvuTra. 

?T7!2 (= bra) to circumcise. Y. Yeb. VIU, 8 d top br 
"b~"ab r:a with the condition that he will circumcise 
them. Ib. bot. a"~3 ibnia r.X thou must circumcise him 
(the slave) even against his will. Gen. R. s. 46. Cant. R. 

I, 12;— Part. pass. $WTO. Yeb. 71 a , v. T?^:.. Ib. 

(KYTOS) ~ib"0 born without a prepuce; a. fr. 

~77!2 I ch. 1) same. Yeb. 71 b 5*18 xb ::"a Tf iaa i and 
rhy did they notp-actice circumcision in the desert? Ib. 

72 a «T , a Vbna xb we do not perform the operation on it(a 
cloudy day &c). Sabb. 134 a n^bna^bl Ms. M. (ed. rttbna^bi, 
v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) and then one (they) shall cir- 
cumcise him. Ib. 136 a mb *,rbna 'Otl bna"a how dare 
we circumcise him (on the Sabbath) ? Ib. 3"aa n^bna"^ 
let us circumcise him at all events (v. n*a h.); — Part. 
bvra. Ib.; a. fr. — 2) (neut. verb) to be circumcised. Snh. 
39 a '3J1 *,3*bnan "ax we who are circumcised cannot be- 
come like you; '=1 wbna -prx (Ms. M. "|bn^a, read ib-rn) 
have yourselves circumcised and be like us. 

3ljE II (cmp. nna, a. bna; cmp. Is. I, 22), Af. >nax 
to attenuate, dilute. Pesik. Ekhah, p. 122 b (ref. to Is. 1. c.) 
mb Vrran dilute it (the wine); Yalk.Is.258bvrox.-V.brria. 

sp^ra* v. r,brr2. 

:| >l 112 m. (b. h.; Tj?fj) way, journey, diurnal distance. 
Hag. 13 a 'al 8JOT1 *0 a journeying distance of five hundred 
years; Pes. 94 b ; Y. Ber. I, 2 C bot; a. fr. 

r[>fj73 \T^JT\U) ch. same. Targ. Jonah III, 3, sq. 
Targ. Y. Ex. XII, 31. 

fcCDHD, v. xnbvna II. 

rrrriZjniZ, 'ITS f. pi. (b. h. nnana; nan, cmp. -ran, 

"rani) debris, mounds used as burying places for executed 
criminals. Y. M. Kat. I, 80 c bot. *03 . . . rWWrti in former 
days they buried them (the convicts) in mounds (while 
later on special places were provided for them ; v. Snh. 
VI, 5); Y. Snh. VI, 23 d bot 'nan (correct the entire pas- 
sage in accordance with Y. M. Kat. 1. c). 

pTiCrjE m. ch. same. Targ. Ps. CXL, 11 Regia (ed. 


ji )22=-,n -jxa. Y. Shebi. IV,35 a bot'ai rTia'a(Y.Snh. 
Ill, 21 b -,xa) who told thee &c.?— [Y.Erub. V, end, 23 a , 
read ^na fash "mnx.] 

&OD5mE m. (~?n) perverse. Targ. Prov. XVI, 28. 

NPffiSnE, v. xn:=sn3. 

T T : - : t t : :v 

Hi \!2 (b. h.; cmp. nna) to exchange, buy. Denom. "nia. 

Pi. nrra (cmp. ^bn) 1) to hurry, be speedy. Sabb. 97 a 
'31 scab nnnaa comes quicker than &c. B.Kam. 93 a y , "?T 3,3 
'31 p512S? he who cries for revenge will sooner be punished 
than he who is cried against. Sifre Deut. 277 "ax nnaa 
135 "v"s s-iEnb I (the Lord) will sooner take revenge when 
a poor man is wronged than when a rich man is ; a. fr. 
— 2) to expedite. Kidd. 31 b "^Vina expedite me (on my 

"iHC, v. nnia. 

"iHE, "I^HC m. (b. h.; preced. art.) quick, ready. Ab. 
V, 12 "Oxb 'ai Siairb 'a quick of perception and quick 
to forget Ex. R. s. 11, beg.; a. e. 

T^DTTIZ f. (b. h.; preced.) speed; 'a2 speedily, easily. 
Ab.V.20 t w yj 'aasoon, in our life-time. Ber. 17 a "lEn'a 




'21 soon destroy their counsel. Ned. 20 il X3in Nin '33 vb 
will not easily be led to sin; a. e. 

DNiQ pr. n. (b. h.) Moab, son of Lot; the Moabite 
people. Gen. R. s. 51, end ax "* *« rVOtt through the 
merits of Moab, that is rot ab, of him who is called father 
(Abraham). Num. R. s. 20 yna DS 'C "ranro Moab and 
Midian formed an alliance; a. fr— Targ. Y. Num. XXV, 
15. Targ. Gen. XIX, 37; a. fr. 

fcOX"l/C, v. next w. 

TOpNOB m. ch. = next w. Targ. 0. Num. XXII, 3 
(Y.jasia, read: ^...); a.e.— PI. '*$$*, 't^C Targ. Gen. 
X 1 \ , 3 7. Targ. Deut. XXIII, 4 ; a. e.— Fern. WTOKW, Targ. 
Ruth IV, 5; a. e. 

■QSjiQ m.(b. h.) Moabite. Yeb.VIlI, 3 D'niDK 'arwas 
'21 marriage with an Ammonite or a Moabite is forbidden 
and the prohibition continues forever (with reference to 
their descendants; Deut. XXIII, 4); a. fr.- PI. OT^O, 
ataxia, 7*3X13. Num. R. s. 20. Gen. R. s. 74; a. fr. — 
Fem.Vqitia.Yelr. 69 a , a. e. (ref. to Deut. 1. c.) xVl 13X13 
'"2 a male' Moabite is excluded from intermarriage but 
not a female. 

KTOS/to v. nxaxia. 

ynjnain, "Oisia, "prjalE, *«#a 

TiNDriQ f. (part. Hof. of X13 ; cmp. Ex. XXVII, 7) wedged 
into, exact size of. Neg. VI, 6 '3 rvaiSD (Ar. nai3) exactly 
the size of a lentil ; Tosef. ib. II, 10 quot. in R. S. to Neg. 
1. c. (ed. Zuck. najwa, v. f&). 

WOla, v. im 

t t : T T : 

mbvsno, "b^oio, v. next w . 

S^T'DiQ f. (ba 1 :) load. Gen. R. s. 80 mn^aia TW 
carrying his load (to market). Ib. s. 70 mrf^aia min 3X1 
'an (not IVctd, "^tlTO) and if his load was worth two 
&c, v. 1Mb. 

b'yilZ, fcOIND c.same. Y.Hall. IV, end,60 b ; Y.Dem, 
III,23 b hot. *W (corr. ace). Y. Taan. I, 64 b hot. hP^J am 
nsaia Bina he put his cloak over his load. Lam. K. to 
I, 1 Tn"i, beg. "jiDip"! '"3 a load of wood ; a. ir.—Pl. ibaia. 
Ib. introd. (R. Joh. 1), v. KjWB. 

STDTO, v. nxaw. 

T ' 1 

3172 ch. = b. h. Ma, to melt. 

Af. max to cause to flow, to make sore. Gen. R. s. 41 
(ref. to "pato, Is. LI, 23) -jrea f aToan "j^X (Ar. "p^aai 
-"3, fr. "ttD), v. nbrfe ; ib. s. 69; Yalk. Is. 337 "pJtfl "pVw 
-"a (some ed. y^ Btf l . . . "p13, corr. ace.).— V. X^la. 

'Ithpol. Jsiarx (v. Syr. 6053, P.Sm.2001) to be languid, 
to act like a languid person. Ab. Zar. 70 b Kin K3b»3 
ayUajnjp'l Ms. M. Var. (Dot "aatBrVNK; strike out xa^sa 
SViarapn Xin as a tautography) he may say, I was only 
a little lazy (and stretched myself so as to reach over to 
the neighbor's roof ;Rashi a.l. quotes aVaODX Wl3n3h.). 

X\12 m. («o) a melting substance, wax (?). Pesik.R. s. 33 
(play on 'STO^K, II Chr. II, 7) nffi '» Wl the hard blocks 
became soft like mog, v. fa$. 


fcOJIE m. (denom. of M8; cmp. bnia) ptw, tenacious 
matted'. Hull. 48 a 'a K^a if the abscess in the kidneys 
is full of matter, opp. D^DT B^a. Ib. 55 b . Yeb. 75 b pE31 
'si 'an Bina lYWB (Ar. '3 rWS pS3i) and there came out 
of the wound something like a thread of pus, and yet he 
begot children afterwards. 

* SDbjjTO m. (bba with format. C; cmp. ith, sabap) 
pivot, hing'e.-~Pl. K*&Mia. Targ. I Kings VII, 50 (h. text 

llQJ^Qf "M3^S m. (v. STiWa, a. 135 I) slices j)u£ on 
coals, "offered afte/dinner, perfume. Ber. VI, 6. Y. ib. 
10 (1 '=1 W9 nVsnttJ "jfa '3 as soon as the smoke rises from 
the burning spices &c; a. fr.— Sabb. 18 a '« Ttfttftf Y. ib. 
I, 4 a top '53 yWVD, v. "138 I.— PZ. niiaaW. Ber. 43 a . 

piE^E, Y. Keth. IX, 33 b bot. 'a 'p, v. xa:::x^. 

rPJHlC, niJI/C f.(-iaxl) storage,storedup provision, 
magazine.— PL rffWO. Tosef. Dem. I, 10 he who buys 
"jfTOa ni"V\aian ',a ed. Zuck. (Var. "1S3, nnaa) from the 
stores in Zidon ; Y. ib. 1, 22 a bot. Wb». Tosef. 1. c. MTftia 
TCB ed.Zuck. (Var. nTVWO, WHiSm; Y. 1. c. nniaa), opp. 

hqryjTOt v. en* 

rnJlQ, v. rroia. 

"ITC (cmp. *Ha) [£o stretch one's self,] to swim. Gitt. 
07 b TW&l and let him swim. 

m^l-imC, Yalk. Ps. 656, v. 10^3. 

S"H")Q, rP"H"lI2 f. (modius) modius, a Roman dry 
measure, corresp! to nxD. Gitt. 57 a .— PI. rWift Ib. Y. 
Maasr. IV, 51 b bot. m^tis. Num. R. s. 4, beg-ris^nia. 

IS'HiQ, n^llQ ch. m. same. Esth. R. to I, 4 '3 -in 
■pfl'm'a modius of denars; Y.Pes.IV.end, 31 c "^TTO (read 

'iima). lb. Ill, 30 a top, v. yianaia, Erub. 83 a , v. w»«o.— 

PI. V*1VX Y. B. Kam. IX, 6' 1 , sq. [wrra, frequ. in Talm. 
y. for ytio, v. ■*TJ.] 

D" 1 "!^ m. Modim, the last but third section of the 
Prayer of Benedictions, so called from its beginning 'a 
"onDX (we offer thanks). Ber. V, 3 (a reader who says) 
'31 '3 'a modim twice must be silenced; Meg. IV, 9 (25 u ). 
Y. Ber.II,5 a bot. 'a itf3 mn 12 when it comes to modim; 
a. e. 

^"HIS m. (3Hi) mark, mnemotechnical sign. — PI. 
DiS/Hia, yy fia. Erub. 54 b bot. (play on 5113, Prov.VII, 4) 
n-iinb 'a rittJS ed. Sonc. (ed. Di"ni3, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 8) make mnemonical symbols for the study of the 
Law; Yalk. Prov. 940; Yalk. Jer. 315. 




D^Tto, STTHIE pr. „. pi., v. mta 

S~TiE m. = kVto. Targ. Prov. XXIX, 3 Ms.; ib. 
XXVIll, 8 "TO; ib.VI, 31 '"TO Ar. (ed. everywhere ''TO; 
h. text "pit). 

nbllD m., riTTO f. I) part. -Ho/". otrbk—2)ffOWri- 

field, v.' rrb-i-3. 

n" 1 ^"!^ f. (nVi) hanging fruits. B. Mets. 91 b , v. Him. 

fcOTlQ c. (denom. of RVTW ; v. frWte) scale. Targ. 
Y. i:.x. I, 15.— P/. ■p'JKto. Targ. Koh. II, 8 ed. Lag. (oth. 
•d.'pWns.'Wio). Targ.Y.Lev.XIX,36 T^^f ( not ' a * w )' 

S>"Tl2 (h. form nsytyi.d^declaratMi^sp. protest 
before witnesses against a forced or unduly influenced 
action. B. Batb. 40 a '=1 "jX^x xbx 'a "paro xb we write 
a protest only against a person who does not submit to 
law. Ib. b nmanb 'a X"nn the order to write a deed of 
donation in secret is a protest annulling a subsequent 
disposal by deed. Ib. 49 a "Oiai ftl "Q if witnesses sub- 
scribed to a deed say, We signed after the owner bad 
entered a verbal protest before us against the deed ; a. fr. 

"<TlQ m. (v. next w.) of Modim, esp. *tin ("twbx *S) 
R. El/of Modim. Ab. Ill, 11 ; a. fr.— Sabb. 55 b ; B. Bath. 
10 b 'Tzh fO-nj 13X yi*XS we still need the Modite (for 

U 2>m"iZ2, "j"'3?"l"lI2 pr. n. pi. Modaim, Modim, Modin, 
the native place of the Asmonean family. [Eds. a. Mss. 
vary between TftO, 'T^tva a. mplTO.] Kidd. 66 a . Pes. 
IX, 2. Ib. 93 b '21 tjbtfmVl 'art "p from M. to Jerusalem 
are fifteen miles. Hag. Ill, 5; Tosef. ib. Ill, 33; a. fr.— 
[r-"TV2,.Erub. 54 b , v. ?*TO.] 

rijM i!2 f. (b. h.; ST 1 ) acquaintance; trnsf. (m.) friend. 
Y. Peah IV, beg. 18 a '31 WTO "Wb n«"f xbl!J R. S. to 
Peah IV, 1 (ed. in;TO) that he may not see a poor man 
who is his friend and cast it before him. 

Ti"TO2, v. Ti-rra. 

tfJjT^C, v. H\J - tfiU . 

NJTiE, v. to. 

SDH1D f. (an*)) gift. Targ. Prov. XXI, 14. Ib. VI, 35 
(some ed. t O T TO , read xa^TO). — PI. constr. "OTTO, Targ. 
Y. I Deut. XVIII, 8 (not "arTO). 

bttTPDrrra, *onb ararn'E tM». Tar g .pr v. 

LYIII, 16. Targ. Ps. XVI, 5. rfQWRS constr. (Ms. trim). 

Farg. Y. Deut. XVI, 17 matTO; a. e.— PI. XITOiTO. Targ. 
Prov. XV, 27 (some ed. sing.). Targ. Y. Deut. XVIII, 2 
WVOrTO (corr. ace). 

nTT\12, "HID, a disguise of rvja. Ned. I, 2 (10 a ) TO 
'a2 (Mish. ed. XITOa, Bab. ed. "moa 1113; corr. ace.) if 
one says, A vow by (that of) Mohi ; Tosef. ib. I, 2 nalXri 
IITO "Wi nnra ed. Zuck. (Var. WTO . . . tTO, Tmo, a. TaKTl 
for "XTl) read : 'a laXTi 'a Wiltfl if one says, (Neder)Mohi, 
or (.YetfVr) d'amar Mohi, the vow of M. or the vow which 

M. uttered; expl. Y. ib. I, 37 a top [read:] 'a man "1132 
'21 ntOm Tin "•'alaa by the vow which M. vowed, that 
means, by the oath which Moses vowed, as we read (Ex. 
II, 21) &c; Bab. ib.lO b Dlba "lax xb 'aa TJWi if a person 
said, by Mohi, he said nothing, but if he says, by the 
oath which M. spoke &c. Ib. 22 b 'al 'aa MTU ix if thou 
hadst vowed by M. (using the phrase 'a TT3) &o. — [Tlia 
water, v. TO.] 

"•rnn, v. tp. 

jTTV2 m. (v. bna II) a thin secretion. Y. Naz. VII, 56 b 
Olptt! '"art the secretion (from a decaying corpse) which 
congealed, opp. "nna lf-HlS if it is still fluid. Ib. IX, 57' 1 
bot.; Y. B. Bath.V, beg. 15 a . [Mish. a. Tosef. brtia, q.v.] 


m. circumciser, v, 


S*niQ, v. xbina. 

t -: t t 

in IG, inu m. (b. h. ; iria) exchange, esp. the pi-ice 
paid for the wife; (in later practice) the wife's settlement, 
tvidowhood (nama). Mekh. Mishp., N'zikin, s. 17 (ref. to 
Ex. XXII, 15) '7a V&S rtb*b XTHB Taba this indicates 
that he (the father) imposes it upon him (the seducer) 
as a mohar; 'ai rtaina xbx 'a ffO and mohar means 
k'thubah, as we read (Gen. XXXIV, 12) &c; Y. Keth. 
UI, 27 d top (read nniX for iniX). Bab. ib. 10 a (ref. to Ex. 
XXU, 16) '=1 Plbiran •aa m xn-r that this (fine) be equal 
to the indemnity for outraged virginity (Dent. XXU, 29), 
and the settlement of virgins be like this (indemnity, i. 
e. fifty Shekel silver); a. fr.— PI. ^"rt/va, constr. "HrTO. 
Y. ib. Ill, beg. 27 a [read :] tt&ta ' 1 ~rTO3 nvo fTrt V* 
niX* 1 if it read, hke the indemnities for virgins, it might 
be right (as you say). 

fcnrpE ch. same. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXIV, 12. — PI. 
(with singular meaning) p"riia ; constr. " 1 ~rt'i*a. Targ. 0. ib. 
Targ. 1 8am. XVIII, 25. Targ. 0. Ex. XXII, 16 (Y. "Ol-tEa). 

J ]I_PaJ m. pi. (preced.) exchange, adaptation of a 
name of a. Persian festive season and /air (cmp. XP^Spx). 
Ab. Zar. ll b (Ms. M. nw»; ed. Ven. a.oth.yilPa.v.Rabb. 
D. 8. a. 1. note) ; Y. ib. I, 39° "•"Ala a Babylonian season. 

pZ! jn il2 m. pi. name of a Persian and of a Babylon- 
ian festive season, (v. preced. a. next w.). Ab. Zar.l 1 b (Ms.M. 
" 1 p3D*irt , l?a for the Persian season; ed. Ven. a. oth. "'pSIrt'a) ; 
Y. ib. I, 39 c rt3pT>rm, a Median season (prob. a corruption 
of our w.). [V. Fl. to Levy Talm. Diet. p. 305 2 .] 

"£Hn"l£ as sing.,sub. nattJ) (pln.v.Xp^n) 
surety, esp. for royal taxes (X5*"S). Yeb. 46 a ; B. Mets. 73 b 
'31 "WT1 ^rt^p-irti-a (Ms. M. 'nrtia) the surety for these 
people lies in the archive of the king, and the king has 
ordained that he who pays no charga can be made the 
servant of him who pays (for hjm). — [Erub. 62 a rtX*na 
■ffiPltMO '^a (Eabad "Oaan-iB, v . Rabb. D. 8. a. 1. note 60) 
a lease is sound if made legal by sureties and (counter- 
signed) by officers. Oth. explan., v. X3a*i*iax.] 

"jTil DTD, Targ.Prov.XV, 8, some ed., a. Var. ed.Lag., 
a corrupt, for rt'TipFTO or J"PPia?iFl. 




^miQ, v. irj\ 

• • i - • ! 

5TO, Tosef. Toh. VIU, 7, v. fejj I. 

"|imi!3 in. (ixaupoc) Matift. Gen. R. s. 7 Ar. (ed.p^a), 
v. "piCDX. 

DiTWrvna, v. e^^w. 

NTO in. (XI; cmp. XTXp 1) chaff. Targ. Ps. 1,4; a. 
e., v. xsia. — 2) **«3»gri !tt leaves of onions, leek. Kidd. 
63 b ^ ' a (^r. ap*m '2, a gloss to 'UH 'a ; Rashi: a /tawi- 
ful of onions). 

POTO, Y. Keth. XI, 34 1 ' '31 "173X 'Tftl, read: jrt3 JB»1 
HOW (v. Asheri to Keth. 5o a ). 

"TITO, Yalk. Deut. 945, v. IT». 

NSD^lD m. (qi 1 ;) creditor. Targ. Ps. CIX, 11 Ms. (ed. 


aprto, v. ^». 

It • 't ■ - 

sbnai, v.«b». 

t; ' » tt - 

SbflTj II in. (V|X II) yarn. Midr. Sam. ch. XXIII 
'31 TpjjT'ia plOB cut thy yarn and cease thy talk (a pro- 
verbial expression). 

'P^'ta TCT'^ f- pl. = li. IMJKto, Wafes, Targ. 0. 
Lev. XIX, 36 (some ed. pjttKb). V. X^ia. 

&^3pD m. pi. same. Targ. Y. II Lev. XIX, 36 (ed. 
Amst. X^ona, corr. ace). Targ. Is. XL, 12; 15. 

IDJiE, v. wa. 

S^SrtiQ m. = V&ntei Targ. Prov. XXII, 7. 

Ij 123 m. (b. h. na; nna, v. nna) marrow, esp. (with or 
without UJSO) imm. Tosef. Pes. VI, 10, v. n^p. Hull. 
Ill, 1 '52 bi2i STip the membrane which surrounds the 
brain, v. Wnr»n IV. lb. 45 a 'a . . . . na bs 'a as to moah, 
whatever is contained in the skull is considered as brain. 
lb. 1 ' infra 31"i the larger part of the marrow of the spine 
(spinal cord); a. fr.— Men. 80 b ; Yeb. 9 a llplpa 'a tf> "pX 
has no brains in his head. 

J \12 } Nni/Q ch. same, brain; also head. Targ. 0. 
Deut. XXVIII, 35 (h. text Ipnp).— Hull. 45 a , v. X!T«n IV. 
Meg. 19 b 'ax fb inal and they struck it (R. Hia's opinion) 
on the head, i. e. opposed it (Rashi: and he (R. H.) struck 
it, &c, i. e. modified it, read: Tral). Gen. R. s. 68 hTpa, 
v. SSB; a. fr.— P/.X*nia. Targ.Y. Deut. XXVIII, 22 (some 
ed. X^nia) marrow of bones. 

nrTO, imO, Tosef. Ned. I, 2, v. nrria. 

>n*!w m. (denom. of nna, v.bnia) thin secretion. Toh. 
IX, 2 -,tta XSVT! 'an the fluid which runs out of the olives 
(before they are pressed); ib. 3 "(MO XXTM 'an'that which 
runs (after the oil is pressed out); ib. TOn "ja XXTil 

which comes out of the pit after the oil has been taken 
out ; Tosef. ib.X, 3 tsjn rvo np*W3 xsrn 'a. Makhsli. VI, 
6 -,aiT TUB XSV 'an "pX; Tosef. 1. c. "jaittJ ^nisnx "H" 1 (read: 
",ai2J) the secretion (of olives) cannot be excluded from 
the category of (must be classified with) (diluted) oil; 
Sabb. 144 a , v. rflsns; a. fr. 

PlTlQ m. (pna) the flat end of the writing instrument, 
used for erasing, v. ania. Kel. XIII, 2 ; a. e. 

TOnO (b. h.) to incline, ivaver, decline; to give way, 
hend. Y. Snh.X, 27 d bot, v. infra. Tanh. B'har 1 BUntS 
'31 "OB^DT when their power shall sink before Nebuchad- 
nezzar. Tanh. Vayishl.3 (ref.toProv. XXV, 26) Vtb BOBM 
'31 when he bends (humiliates himself) before the wicked ; 
Gen. R. s. 75 '=1 Slab p*ni& X"X (Yalk. Gen. 130 t^vAf) 
it is impossible to the righteous to bend &c; a. e. 

Nif. aias to be shaken, bent. Yalk. 1. c, v. supra. 

Hif. B*&n to bend, to shake. Zab. Ill, 3 nbi3^ rWflB bz 
Dlxa -^-atf? (not D1X na) (Asheri DtfJ^, v. W&) a ship 
which has no staggering effect on man. Gen. R. 1. c. B^aa 
'31 lass humbles himself. 

Hithpol. aaiann, Nithpol. aaiaro to be declining; to 
sink. Y. Snh. X, 27 d bot.; Yalk. Is.' 338 (ref. to Is. LIV, 
io) '3i n-j-jianjtt . . . rraair max mat n^xn ax when thou 

' t : : • T T 

seest the merit of the fathers decline and that of the 
mothers sink, go and cling to grace ; Lev. R. s. 36, end 
nijzsarOttJ.— Y.l.c. 28 1 "p3Vim ■pBB'iatTB Ttf\ theysank deeper 
and deeper (into poverty). B. Mets. 71 a pOmOHa 1^033 
(Ms. M. "pBSana) his wealth will be reduced; Yalk. Ps. 
665 aaiana he will sink. B. Mets. 1. c. '31 'ana ibbn (Ms. 
R. 2 fWBKo, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. notes 2—4) these sink and 
rise again &c. ; Yalk. 1. c. 

13 ID ch. same. Targ. Lev. XXV, 35. Targ. Y. Deut. 
XXXII, 35 ; a. fr. 

Af. B^OK to balance, weigh. Pesik. B'shall., p. 82 a 
■pffc ■Jamx (a^anx) '^'Jiaxi WVCMMO with the balances 
with which they weighed, weighing was done to them; 
v. naia. 

Ithpe. a n anx to be iveighed, v. supra (v. Bub. a. 1. note 42). 

Ithpol. auianx to sink, waver, be reduced. Targ. Ps. 
XCIV, 18; a. fr.— B. Mets. 71 a ^-Jlanai ""BTia xVl Ms. R. 
(v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 4) who lend not on interest and 
yet become poor. 

131^3 m. (b. h. ; preced.) balancing pole, staff. Bets. 
HI, 3 (25 a ) n-jiaa 'aa . . . xb (Y. ed. n-jaa, v. Rabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 4) he must not bring it to town on a staff or 
on a barrow. Sot. 34 a (ref. to Num. XIII, 23) *ttW8« SXTOM 
'31 'aa it being said 'on a staff', do I not know that it was 
carried by two persons? — PL ni^ia. Ib., v. ^J" 1 ^"!^. Tosef. 
Ohol. VII, 1, v. -3/15; a. e. 

Ilt^D m. (Sty 1) (it is) good, better. Tanh. B'har 1 
'a 13 "nn if he amends, it is good. Bets. 30 a , a. fr. W»tt 'a 
'31 ^Xl ... it is better that they fail unwittingly than &c. 
Snh. 7 a (in Chald. diction) '31 na:^bl 'a it is better that 
they worship the golden calf (than commit murder). 
Ber. 28 a '31 DIpXT 'a it is best that I get up and go to 




them myself; a. fr. — 2) the better, the right conduct. Lam. 
R. introd. (R. Abba 2) 'zb "prima tVfl . . TH»n the light 
in it (the Law) would have led them hack to the right 
way. Snh. 101 b ; a. fr. 

PR3"1D, HU- f. (b. h.; v. oia) 1) a small barrow. 
Bets. Ill, 3 (25 a ), v. air.— 2) ;>/. nrcia Jawds o/" a yofce; 
yoAr. Tanh. B'shall. 23 '=1 rVCDTai 'a TiTl the yokes and 
the chariots ran (of themselves) &c. — *3) balances. Pesik. 
B'shall., p. 82 a 'T,'- EJSWW 7-" OKI HOBS Ar. with the bal- 
ance with which the} - weighed, weighing was done to 
them; [Ar.: as they made others sink, so were they made 
to sink (v. Ctta); oth. opin.: '31 it333 with the staff with 
which they struck, were they struck], 

T~'2*T2 f. (b. h. h»0; ST35) [bend,] the radial bone of 
a bird's wing. Tanh. Thazr. 8; ed. Bub. 10 (ref. to Is. 
YIII, 8) 'z"l Wl '-r; the radial bone of a chicken is one 
sixtieth portion of its wings; [Rashi to Is. I.e. quotes 
r-J- z,pl.]; Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXIX, beg.; Yalk. Is. 279. 

J i ^'i^ reclining, v. iT23. 

K":_"~ v. *$am 

&T2 — TDj Gen. R. s. 44 some ed., v. yAtx. 

"*m12*!!2 m. pi. ("~-) feustwess(?), an adaptation of 
the name of a Persian festive season and fair. Ab. Zar. 1 l b 

(Ms. M. _■-; Y. ib. I, 39 c , a Median festival, TWO; 

Ar. "r,03). 

pT^I/-, read: |»OT. 

"i D, T|TQ m. pi. = ',"■■?, icater. Targ. Ps. I, 3; a. fr.— 
Tar^. II Esth. Ill, 3 •*VQ (ed. Lag. fTH3 its waters); Targ. 
Is. LVni, 11 ; Targ. Jer. XV, 18; a. fr.— tiTRJ her (its) 
waters. Ib. L, 38; a e.— Targ. Is. XIX, 10 sna (Var. ed. 
Lag. xna) read R?TO=xrTi3 — Y. Erub. X, 26 c ""13 "jr." X;" 
that he add no water to it. Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d ; a. e. 

U'\12 (b. h.) to be crushed; to be loic, sink; to be poor. 
Tanh. B'har 3 r.""r3 "3":," ;r because he sank into sins. 

Eif. "'an 1) same. Mekh. B'shall., Amal., s. 1 KtWS 
''-' -"-""- 3*PWP "■■;■.-" "■"" ■■:: when he (Moses) let 
his hands sink, (it intimated) that Israel is destined to 
sink in the knowledge of the words of the Law to 
be given through his hands; Tanh. B'shall. 27. — 2) to 
lower, let sink. Ib., v. supra. — Sifre Num. 90 il"3p!l "JSC 
'21 n";': rTOtfl "l"33 here the Lord lowers (his anger) 
and Moses raises (is more angry), but when the golden 
calf "fas made, the Lord raised, and Moses lowered (tried 
to soften his anger); Yalk. Num. 735 TfNaa (fr- m^). 

M/"., part. -■•::; f. rc/a:; pi. trtWC fo».Kil.IV,7 tv ': 
DTi: lower than ten handbreadths. Ruth R. to III, 3 
Tr:r '33 in the lowest part of the city. Y. Maas. Sh.Y, 
end. 56 d ; Y. Sot. IX. 24 a hot. '3 bp in a low voice, opp. 
ST35. Ber. 10 b . Sifre Num. 58. Ib. 83, v. ?fl3S. Ab. Y, 19 
'3 m a lowly spirit, v. !?CS3.— Cant. R. to IY,4 '3* WHftft 
the lower mountains ; a. fr. 

TyiTZ ch. same, 1) to decline, sink. Targ. Y. II Ex. XII, 

42. Targ. Hab. Ill, 6 ; a. e. (v. "^a).— 2) to become soft. 
Snh. 95 a '3*1 SOnst fr? N:3 the ground under him became 
soft. — 3) (denom.of Tyia) to lag under, make a bed. Targ. Ps. 
CXXXIX, 8.— Pes. 49 a 521 ry2 -Q one who lays under 
(his cloak) and lies down (at any place, a shiftless person). 
Taan. 6 b ; Ber. 59 a (prov.) "Wl -pp23 ?|fe . . . *C3 nrtKl 13 
if it rains when the doors are opened (in the morning), 
lay down thy bag, ass-driver, and sleep (do not export, 
for provisions will be cheap) ; a. e. — Part ""X3, -P*JU. B. 
Mets. 84 b bl rrt , Vf*Q TBI (Rashi: "="3; Yar. tr"0, v. 
Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 1) they spread for him sixty mat- 
tresses. Taan. 21 b hot. ■pKO Ar. (ed. ~|3), v. Kg*lW3fa— 

Af. TppX, ?p?K 1) to loicer. Targ. Ps. CXIII, 6 Tpaa 
Ms. (ed. ?poa, 7T33; h. text TfiOaSi). — 2) to make soft, 
crush. Ib. XLIV, 20 (h. text Sisi). — 3) to lag under, make 
a bed. Targ. Job XLI, 22 (h. text 131). 

:|*iI2 m. (preced. 2) a soft, spongg substance, hackled 
wool, rag, lint &c. Sabb. VI, 5 tt3TsuSJ '3 wool in her ear 
(to resorb running pus) ; it?"i3S2',3 '3 in her shoes (to soften 
them). Ib. 134 b *Zt\ 1C3* 1 '3 a dry compress or dry sponge. 
Tosef. Nidd.II, 6 '33 nusatoa insert a resorbent (to prevent 
conception); a. fr. — PI. fOfe. B. Kam. X, 10 B SptV B 'a 
'31 the lumps (of threads) which the washer takes out 
(of the trough). Tosef. ib. XI, 12; 13. Neg. XI, 12; a. fr. 
— pWpO, "pSSa, v. S133.] 

rnifilG m. (no*) evidence, v. frcfin. 

"jD^D, v.-fomf. 

-1^*2 f. ([XTj^rav^) machine for lifting weights, wheel- 
work. Yoma III, 10 Trw '3 !"!',£:? made a machine for 
sinking the wash-basin (v. IT'S) into the well; Tarn. in, 8. 
Kel. XVIII, 2 (ed. Dehr. ^3=3). Tosef. Par. HI (II), 9 -333-3. 
Hull. 15 b '33 3n.*2Ji"l if one slaughters by means of a ma- 
chine ; a. e. 

"H3^*I2 ch. (pi. form) same, rollers. Targ. II Esth. 
I, 2.— V. .TbMOL 

C32lC m. (333) storage. Tosef. Ab. Zar. VIH (IX), 1 
'';'r nTES ".bx these (vessels) are made for storage; (Ab. 
Zar. 74 b CTp3> 13^333 Ms. M.). 

CIHI2 m. (denom. of ora) revenue farmer, publican, 
custom-collector (considered a robber in Jewish law). B. 
Kam. 113 a fi3".S"p IP "pWD '3 a publican who is not limited 
by legal stipulations; 1* 1 ?X3 laWl 'a a self-constituted 
collector. Ab. Zar. 39 a ; Bekh. 30 b hot. 'a i-cp the pub- 
lican's knots (seals or written receipts); a. e — PI. TtSTO. 
B. Kam. X, 2 '31 '3 1?33 if publicans took away his ass 
and gave him one taken from somebody else. Ib. 1 ; Tosef. 
ib. X, 22 '3 rem the treasury of the publicans. Ned. Ill, 

4; Tosef. ib. II, 2, v. "TO. Sabb. VIII, 2 '3 ISJp T«3 

paper large enough to write on it a tax-receipt (v. supra). 
Shebu. 39 a tJ nVo . . . -p fa there is no family in which 
there is a publican, whose members may not all be con- 
sidered as publicans (in Jewish law) ; a. fr. 





DD1Q, S&D1D, totOU ch. same. Y. Snh. VI, 23 c ; 
Y. Hag. II, 77 dT bot. 'a "pjtfl ima the son of Mayan the 
publican; Snh. 44 b 'a Kija, v. «^»a.— Y. Sabb. VI, end, 
8 d [read :] rt"b P"Wi X"iart mp JttTI hO^db JFip he came 
near (was caught by) a publican, and he gave him his ass 
and was let off, v. Kb**!.— PL pCDia. Targ. Jud. V, 11 
(ed. Lag. pOSO).— [pMTa, Ab. Zar. 14 a Ms. M., v. next w.] 

D^DDDiE, 1 n pDDiQ m. pi. a species of figs. Bekh. 
8 a (inferior to truo'iron). Ab. Zar. 14 s (Ms. M. pWTO; 
Ar. pOOda). 

J IZj, JiU I m. (b. h.; Assyr. mala, prob. a comp. of 
a a. PX, v. Del. Proleg. p. 132) 1) border, front, in sight of. 
Hull. 19 b (expl. IB"© biaa, Lev. V, 8, iorcfer o/"Me neck, 
the space beginning with the back of the head, opposite 
the face, and ending with the end of the neck, opposite 
the throat) CpTCWl nx nxTiri 'a the edge which sees the 
'oref (but not the 'oref itself). lb. IWI 'a . . . C]T© n"31 
X3V1 if you will say, we know not where 'oref itself is, 
how can we know where its border is? — Sifre Num. 59 
D^B 'a nb nto (Ms. 3, a. Yalk. ib. 719 tMBI 'a) give the 
candlestick an edge of the front (an edge and a front), i. e. 
a prominent central light towards which the lights on 
both sides are turned. Ib. 60 d^B 'a fib nil©. 

T T 

5113 II (b. h. ; v. preced.) 1) to make an edge, to hem 
or fringe. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. V, 7 J»W*B5 fi3>UJ "© until 
he hems the girdle. Ib. fifiX fiVia pal when he made a 
hem on one side (of the piece which he cut out of the 
middle of a piece of cloth).— 2) to circumcise. Sabb. XIX, 4 
'3Y*inX Via? "tfiX one child which was to be circumcised 
after the Sabbath &c; '31 pal fi3tt)l and by mistake he 
circumcised &c. Ib. 6 '31 S"lB xbl ba if he circumcised but 

failed to split the prepuce &c. Ib. 5 (137 a ) pX 'pp 

pbia Ms. M. (ed. pbfiia) a sick infant must not be cir- 
cumcised. Pesik. B. s. 25 '31 iatt)b ba ">a who circumcised 
a son in honor of my name, unless I gave him a son?; 
Lev. B. s. 27 bba (corr. ace); a. fr. — Part. pass. Pia, pi. 
Cffcte, f&VO. Yalk. Jer. 285. 

Nif. PIS' 1 ?, Via? to be circumcised. Sabb. XIX, 5. Lev. 
B. s. 25; Gen. B. s.46 Via"? pTrff! on what part of the body 
should one be circumcised ?-Y. Shebi. I V, end, 35 c ilblB^iaa 
from the time they are circumcised. Gen.B.l.c. XBl"ifi 1W 
"lPia" 1 ^ the physician ordered that they must be circum- 
cised; a. fr. — [Polel bbia, v. bba.] 

5173 ch., Ithpol. bbianx (v. bba) to become brittle, fade. 
Targ. Job XIV, 2. Ib. XXIV, 24 Ms. (ed. HSpTF). Targ. 
Ps. XC, 6 ; a. e. 

S5173 I, S5"1Q m.(xba; cmp.\).'h.^b-q)plentg,potver. 
Targ. Prov. VI, 31 Ms. (v. Bxt. s. v. Via; ed. xbta). Targ. 
Job XII, 6 first vers. '31 'a bx patl ed. Lag. (some ed. 
xbiabx corr. ace; in oth. ed. our w. is omitted). 

S51Q II m. (mulus) mule. Pesik. Shub., p. 162 a (ref. 
to d-rrajru, ii Chr. xxxin, n) mure pit 'a pas Ar. (ed. 

ipia) a sort of mule of bronze; Y. Snh. X, 28 c hot. xVra; 

Deut. B. s. 2 Tbla; Euth B. to II, 14 fibia; Yalk. Kings 

246 xbia.— PJ.rvixpsia. Sabb.52 a (Ar.»na8c.).— Ch.v.xrbva 

wSpn, v. >wv»9. 

mbio (rry&itt ririia mpbin), Lev. b. 

s. 12, read: Xaavba. 

7 TIT 

JS51Q, v. tarn 

T • t: 

"J 5*113 m. (cmp. b. h.rrib'ia; iVj) issue, descendant.— 
PI. a-nVia, with suffix, emphatic form V'T'Vra. Keth.72 1 ', 
v. iVr. ' 

"15173 m. (1^) birth-time. Sot. ll b •jfi^bia "jat their 
time of giving birth ; Ex. B. s. 1 "ifPT^bla (corr. ace). — 
fiJib "ibia (or only 'a) the beginning of the first quarter 
of the moon, New-Moon. Pesik. B. s. 15 '31 f"Prt fi33bfi 'a 
the New-Moon took place on a Wednesday at noon-time. 
— *2) travail. B. Bath I6 b PPjViaa fionna (not xB"nna) 
she is relieved of her severe throes (differ, vers, in Ms. 
M., v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note). 

S"uiQ ch.same. Targ. I Chr. XII, 32 ; Targ. Y. I Gen. 

I, 14 XlfPD lbia=h. fimbfi 'a, v. preced. 

SI 5173 f.=h. rrfeia. midwife. Ab. Zar.26 a xn^"Jlfii 'a 
thou, midwife of Jewesses &c. 

rrnbin, v. xnvra. 

^M2 mule, v. xbia II. 

"v1!G, pi. a^bia m. (v. xb^ia) mule-drivers. Y. Yomal, 
38 c ; Y. Meg. IV, end, 75 c , T.'m^n H. 

&051D f. (*Va) /?#ed up ground, mound. B. Bath. 54 a 

'31 SHttJl 'a bpU) if one takes earth from the mound and 
throws it on the low ground; '»3 'a if one throws from 
mound on mound (to make them even); M. Kat. 10 b . — 
PI. xrv«>:ia. Erub. 56 b , v. ''XT? —V. xrvka.— [For pr. n. 
pi. with X^bla or Xfpba, xnba, v. respective determinants.] 

""IS" 1 5123, "l^^D m. (miliarium, jxiXiapiov) a large 
vessel to boil water in, caldron. Sabb. Ill, 4 sp-iUfi 'a a 
miliarium from under which the coals have been remov- 
ed; Y. ib. Ill, 6 a bot. 

T5*i*3, v. nbia.— Ex. B. s. l •ji-pTbra, v. TVte. 

ST5"i*3 m. i^) parent— PI. pT?^- Cant. B. in- 
trod.; T Yalk. Sam. 134, v.tW?. 

Y)" 1 51I3 m.(mulio) muleteer, a figure in a Boman play; 
cmp. pT^S.. Tosef. Ab. Zar. II, 6; Yalk. Ps. 613.— [Y. Ber. 

viii, i2 b , v. wrika] 

^yiD m. pi. Oba) filling. Y.Bets. II, Gl r top; Y.Maas. 
Sh. "V 56 c top; Y. Hag. II, 78 a bot., v. KWIB^ [Hiddushe 
Me'iri to Bets. 20 a quotes: ^XPa X^'3 xn"ilU53 a joist (to 
be felled) requires the (wooden) handle (of an axe), i. e. 
the teacher is beaten bj- his own pupil.] 




T T T -T - 

yrfytD, v. -wtoa. 

t : »" 

XTp'j.SIQ f. fVa) stuffing, stuffed meat. Pes. 74* "Wi 
t (Ms. M.' 2 Xrnba, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 50) a roasted 
lamb stuffed with raw and unsalted meat; ib. b . 

NP^Qj pi. of 8f4*0 a. of Kriflo. 

Bfl^VflP, v. stea 

T T T * •• T - 

rtrortiD, v . rms*. 

T • TT • t: 

SPVlD, v. ^aa 



:| 5"1E m. (b. h. Tjsa) Molekh, the fire-god of the Cana- 
anite's and others. Sub. VII, 7 '31 'a£ IIDa'Vl} "W . . . 'a? 
he who dedicates a child to M., is not punishable until 
surrenders it to M. and passes it through fire. lb. 

a 'a Wjyi D"133> Wlp the Mishnah speaks first of idol- 
atry (in general) and then of M. ; xn D"13S ixb 'a (sub. 
tTTOS) the Molekh worship is not included in general 
idolatry. Tosef. ib. X, 5 '31 ITlKl '"3 "IHX whether he pas- 
ses his son through fire for M. or for any other idol, he 
is equally punishable ; Snh. 1. c. Ib. b3 *a . » . . ITO "OBa 
'siD!T?:J TrTTybarTlD why does theTorahuse the expression 
Molekh (when meaning any idol)? "Whatever people make 
their ruler (Tjba) ; Y. ib. VII, 25 c top. Bab. ib. 1. c. ^X - © 'a 
an improvised object of worship (a stone, piece of wood 
&c.) ; a. fr. 

&OD T\12 m. (Tjba) counsel Targ. Y. I Num. XXI, 29. 

sbbia, v. Kbbo. 

t : ti • 

tfrtHE f. (v. vfym II) m«fe Targ. II Chr. XXXIII, 13. 
— lb. 11 rffjVtt (pj. constr., used as sing.). — Targ. Y. Ex. 
XIV, 7 VSf*ea team of mules.— PI. KrYW&W, KV&ttfc Targ. 
Y. II, ib. 25 (ed. Amst. "^a, v. supra ; ib. XHlbta, corr. 
ace.).— "Jllbia, KMI^W. Y. Ber. VIII, 12 b ed. Lehm. (ed. 
"fpfeta, corr. ace.).' Y. Taan. Ill, 66 c top. 

VrllZ m. (b. h.; =S1Xa; v. ha, Xa; cmp. tfl&B) 1) sotMe- 
£7uw#, anything. Ned. 66 b , v. nB\ — Y. Kidd. Ill, 64 c bot. 
"it dla *flaa iria what is mamzer (Ijaa)? Something re- 
pulsive; Yeb. 76 b "IT 'a STO "flaa the Law says mamzer 
which means anything repulsive (male or female); Sifre 
Deut. 248 "itala XiniI5 bz (corr. ace.) whatever is in any 
way repulsive. — 2) blemish. Bekh. V, 5, a. fr. 'a bs?3 hav- 
ing a blemish (unfit for the altar, for priestly service &c). 
Ib. VI, 9, a. fr. 'a Itl *lh this is a legal blemish; 'a n3^X 
this is not &c— Meg. 29 a , v. *W\ B. Mets. 59 b '31 -;n"tI3 'a 
do not reproach thy neighbor with a fault which is also 
thine own; a. fr.— PI. "pa*0. Bekh. VI, 1 *ff\ 'a •&& bi> these 
are the blemishes in consequence of which a first-born 
animal may be slaughtered (after the destruction of the 
Temple). Ib. 2 pbd 'a "pX a blemish in the white of the 

eye is no blemish in the sense of the law. Ib. VII, 1 'a 
'31 pbdlB .... lbx the above named blemishes, whether 
permanent or transitory, make also human beings unfit 
(for priesthood &c); a. fr. — Denom. dam to become blem- 
ished, defective. Y. Shek. IV, 48 b laaini pa^an p-J1BU5 they 
had redeemed them when they were without blemish, 
and they became blemished. Num. R. s. 12, end; Cant. 
E. to VI, 4 '31 taaVl xbl and they have not become unfit 
for sacrifices on account of blemishes or old age &c, v. 
DfiT.— Y. Yoma II, 39 d naain n33U5 n-n-Jp frankincense 
which was extinguished is unfit for the altar. 

DID, StfElE ch. same. Targ. Job XI, 15. Targ. Lev. 
XXI, 17 ; a. fr.— Bekh. 35 a 'a "m is a blemish in the sense 
of the law. Gitt. 56 a '31 'a m p^Vi which according to 
our (Jewish) laws is a blemish (unfitting for the altar), 
but is not so according to their (Roman) ritual; a. fr. — 
PI. fVftO, TBIta. Snh. 5 b , v. 2TP2II. Bekh. 36 b ; a. fr. 

I/C1/Q m. (fxiu.o;) mimic actor, mime. Lam. R. to 
III, 13 '31 *tin nx tnO-'53a (Ar. Glax^a, read OT O fla ) they 
bring a mime on the stage, his head shaved &c. ; ib. in- 
trod. (R. Abbahu 6) Lt'WJl (corr. ace ).— PI. pdala. Gen. 
R. s. 80, beg.— Cant. R. to VII, 9 Ona^a JitWl (read : ftfBOt^O) 
tiftaye (Dan. Ill, 2) means the actors. 


SnS^S, v. next w.— [Sabb. 58 a , v. "Tra.] 

nnG'iU m. (fina; cmp. xptptov, Lat. tritus) tried, 
skilled, expert, practical. Snh. 5 a ; R. Hash. 25 b d'Olb 'a 
recognized by the public as an experienced judge, lb. 
'31 'a ~b pX there can be no expert more popular than 
Moses was. Bekh. IV, 4 (28 b ) Y'db 'a a lawyer approved 
by a court. Ab. Zar. 27 a top 'a XB11 a practical physician 
(that has a reputation at stake). Ib. trorb 'a nvt dx if 
he is a recognized practitioner. Sabb. VI, 2 ^a I^XIB S^ap 
'an an amulet which is not issued by an approved person; 
ib. 53 b 'a tfWD TVtp an unapproved amulet; Tosef. ib. 
IV (V), 10 xnaia. Sabb. 1. c. dnxb 'a of approved effect 
on human beings. Y. ib. VI, 8 b top 'a rTT "^ap this amulet 
is approved.— Erub. V, 5 (58 b ) 'an ',a xbx (Ms. 0. 'a xbx, 
v. Rashi a. 1.) only one of the best of the expert class; 
(oth. opin. v. Bart.a.l.).— Gen.R.s.30 'al pis a righteous 
man and at the same time a practical man; a. fr. — PI. 
d^naia, pnaia. Snh. Ill, 1 (23 a ) 'a (IX) d"nU53 (Bab. a. Y. 
ed. T'3 ">Ba 'a, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 1) men otherwise 
qualified and (or) authorized by the court; expl. ib. 23 a 
'aa 1tt553 p"M53 T>n OX if not disqualified (on account of 
kinship or bad conduct) they are to be considered as if 
they were authorized judges; a. e. — [nnaia, XHala, Sabb. 
58 a , v. TO.] 

^DIQ m. pi. (xa*>) oath; imprecation, curse. Targ. O. 
Num. V, 21 (Y. ^aiaa). Targ. 0. Lev. V, 1. Targ. I Kings 
VIII, 31 (not ^a) ; a. fr.— B. Mets.' 85 a XI nniTS 'a I swear, 
this (my desire) has been abandoned. Lev. R. % 6 (prov.) 
VlSTl 'a +Tb . . . h X3T pd right or wrong, do not run the 
risk of an oath. Y.Ned. I, 37 a top, v. nnia; a. e. 





TV^T-rlft m. ch. (a corrupt, of p*tf») necklace, of- 
ficial badge, v. K3"0an. Y. Sabb. VI, s'Uop. 

*^rH2"lQ (prob. to be read Nnia?,ad, or *aty f. (v. 
xr^-20) a mite. Y. Sabb. I, 3 b town 'a bead-mite, KWl 

■pQQID, pi. of oitta 

HEfiO m. (part. .Ho/", of *«e) 1) exchanged, v. ■*«.— 
2) converted, apostate, esp. wiwnior, CM o^en opponent of 
Jewish laic, non-conformist. [Our w. interchanges with 
TBttta in eds. a. mss.] Hull. 4 1 ' 'a bifW' 'iBX even a non- 
observant Israelite ; Tosef. ib. I, 1 laitfja ed. Zuck. (Tar. 
'a). Hull. 1. c. nibisb 'a opposed to circumcision ; itnxb 'a 
"Ol opposed to this one practice (of slaughtering accord- 
ing to ritual); ib. hVo fPfinn bdb 'a *t\ is considered as 
a rebel against the entire Law; ib. K"3>b 'a accused of 
idolatry. Ib. 5 a '31 "Jd3al 'all, expl. ib. '31 *]&& 'a one ac- 
cused of idolatrous libation &c. Erub. 69 a , v. **&$. Ab. 
Zar. 26 b '31 d^SSi-ib 'a yidsonb if eating unslaughtered flesh 
(ni5"03) to gratify his appetite, he is called a mumar; if 
he does it in a spirit of defiance, he is called a min (heretic). 
Ib. (oth. opin.) 'a roi d^Siib '^SX even if in defiance, he 
is only a mumar; Hor. ll a ; a. v. fr. • — PL d"nala. Yalk. 
Lev. 434, quoted fr. Sifra Vayikra, N'dabah, ch. II, s. 2 
(ed. diiaiitta). 

fcOElQ ch. same.— PI. Ve*VKQ. Targ. Y. Lev. I, 2. 

S"D1D (SDi72) f. (wrj, v. *awa; as to xnia cmp. 
xnsn fr. 5?J) oath, imprecation, curse. Targ. Job XXXI, 
30 'aia ed. Lag. (oth. ed. xnia). Targ. Ps. XXXVII, 22 
rrtjtfha Ms. (ed. Jttlla). Targ. O. Num. V, 21 (ed. Amst. 
MPraX Targ. Ex. XXII, 10; a. fr.— B. Kam. 114 a 10S 1WH 
n" 1 ? 111U 'ax 'in they (the gentile courts), too, in the case 
of there being only one witness, administer an oath to 
him (the claimant). Pes. 1 13 b Wl VTOtffitfl (Ms. M. ^aiai 
"pl-lb Tp incorr. ; Ms. M. 2 "Ofi "ja^a "ja^a *0\ v. Rabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note) and thus they swear. — [Ned. I, 2 JKHlad, 
v. nnia.] 

y\12 (contr. of ' f t 1 " 1 U) «;Ao? Targ. II Esth. VII, 5 'a "Cl 
(ed. Amst. "a) whose son? 

fcOTG pr. n. m. Mona; v. Xia HI. 

JBZHI2 pr. n. m. (Movo[3a£oi;) Munbaz, 1) name of a 
King of Adiabene, and of one of his sons who embraced 
the Jewish faith (v. Jos. Ant. XX, 2, 1 sq.; B. J. II, 19, 2). 
Gen. R. s. 46.— Tosef. Peah IV, 18 ; Y. ib. I, 15 b bot.; B. 
Bath. 1 l a . Yoma III, 10 (Ar. ttV»). Men. 32 b ; a. e.-2) name 
of a scholar. Tosef. Sabb. VIII (IX), 5; Sabb. 68 b ; Yalk. 
Num. 749. 

U 33 lD (corr. Oii^ia) m. (u-ovoYevr,;) only child. 
Pesik. R. s". 10. 

i- i/-, v. yrrpg. 
TTD1E, v. Tima. 

0"DD"I3")Q ('ai:a) m.(u,ovou.a)(o;) gladiator. Y'lamd. 

to Gen. XLIX, 1, quot. in Ar. "pWI H1UW 'a "pK a gla- 
diator makes no will (has nothing to dispose of; Yalk. 
Gen. 157 109; Gen. R., addit., ed. Wil. p. 376, Var. "fwk). 

n n31Q, "POlzC, Lam. R. to I, 13, prob. to be read: 

•pnaia, v. i-ihaia ; v. "v?32. 

fcOt231D, Gen. R. s. 44 some ed., v. ^;a. 

S!2"0"]!G, nI2" \12 f. (moneta) mint; coin, coinage. 
Ex. R.V5. Lam.R! to I, 1 (T»5h) 'a Xin "'an look at this 
coin. Esth. R.end '=1 'a "OTia -p . . . rbWl llflD'a "ftzm Ha 
as the King's coinage passed all over the country, so did 
his (Mordecai's) coinage &c. ; ibttJ 'a ftai and what was 
the legend of his coinage? Y. Snh. II, 20 b top . . 'a y*1S 
D^p .... (masc.) our lord Saul's coinage still exists 
(he is yet king; Midr. Sam. ch. XXIII MOB). Ex. R. s. 
15 ntt*p dsblUI fiVjd. wrtl* bUJ 'a the coinage of your 
gods is abolished (the Egyptian gods are defeated), and 
shall your coinage remain (shall you continue to beget)? 
—Gen. R. s. 37 '31 dT3 xbx ttnx D"nsa b«i 'a *s3 every 
stamp (names of the descendants) of Mitsrayim is marked 
with U" 1 (the sea in which they were destined to perish) • 
Ludim(&s though) Lude-yam &c; Yalk. Chr. 1073; — 
PI. ptfOia. Yalk. Gen. 62 [read:] pVM X?X T^W . . .'a P3, 
v. bldB. Gen. R. s. 39; Yalk. Josh. 17 [read:] 'a dn? 1K2P 
(not "pd^ia) their coins (medals in their memory) were 
issued ; a. e.— [Ttt "ja Xd^ia, Gen. R. s. 44, v. "©bo.] 

■jTD^in, v.preced. 

p"3*/0, j12 m. (u.ocviaxr);, v. SUpSah) necklace. Deut. 
R. s. 4 [read:]' 'a *Th iJlsi rYW dX dibdD iim 'a *nn 
'31 1Kb dXI 3TW bti) (v. Talk. Is. 256) here is a necklace 
and here are chains; if thou doest my will, here is a 
golden necklace for thee; if not &c. Pesik. R. s. 29-30. — 
PI. nip^Dla. Ib. (ref. to trpOS, Prov. I, 9) . . fi"dpn BttW 
'31 'as (not n^p..) the Lord made the letters of the Torah 
like necklaces and suspended them &c. 

"j"j 1U m. pi. (a comp. of ^ia a. fc»13 ; Versions vary, 
betw. '^la, "Wra a. '-12a) fish-brine, small fish in brine ; in 
gen. brine. Keth. 60 b '31 'a H?3X1 a woman that eats 
monine (during pregnancy) will &c. Snh. 49 a xn2H^1 'a '">SX 
'31 (Yalk. Kings 172 'Si 'a) even brine and (Yalk.; brine 
of) hashed fish he used to taste and give to the poor. 
Sabb. 11 b isapVa brine of locusts. Ab.Zar.29 a xrwr-!'a 
(Ms. M. WQ) m. is good to eat after fasting. Gitt. 69 b . 

Pp&in, v. d,dd. 

IS DIaJ pr. n.Mysia, a district of Asia Minor. Targ.Y. 
Gen.X,'2Ar. (for h. text r^a; ed. S^OiX q. v.); Targ. I Chr. 
I, 5 ed. Rahmer (ed. Lag. 'sODIK); Yoma 10 a ; Y. Meg. I, 
71 b bot. X^pla. 

^t>M2, v. C]dia. 

n~l n DiD, v. nidia. 

T " t •■ 

J'i'P^D m. pi. (p.65^0;, muscus) the animal perfume 






musk. Y. Ber. VI, end, 10 d (Ar. TpdSd), v. pdHd. Keth. 
75* T&GtQ Ar. (missing in ed.), v. SfTTQ. 

D n £fc*D, v. W^. 

C -C ? . - = o-aWTw, v. dddd. 

^ICIC m. (dd'j) [adJ/rton,] 1) attachment, rim (cmp. 
frr^OOX), Kel. V, 5 TOWl C|Wd a chimney-piece; ffTMl *a 
the rim around a boiler in the ground. lb. 11 d^d bo 'd 
a moulding of clay around the stove; Tosef. ib. B. Kam. 
IV, 18. Tosef.Par.XlI(XI),10n"rp'd,v. supra. Ib.CpOldn 
(corr. ace); a. fr. — 2) (sub. FfeBFI, fa*p) Musaf, additional 
offering, additional prayer on 8abbaths and festive (and 
fast-) days. Tosef. Ber. Ill, 10 *0 13 "pKO bz a half-festival 
on which there is no Musaf (prayer or offering); O^O bai 
'*: " and one on which there is a Musaf; Sabb. 24* d*^ 
•a ■-— "" 0"U». Ib. 10 STO r^Vl "JTO since there is no 

usaf appointed for it;— PL (with sing.sense) "pSdVa. 
Ib. Ber. IV, 1. Ib. 28 a ; 

SrC r - ch. same, Musaf. Y. YomaVI, 43 d t3*QBa *fi 
when he had finished the Musaf (on a fast day). — PL 
KTOao, -,""-, "SOW. Targ. II Chr. VIII, 13; a. e.— Ah. 
Zar. 14 b . Ber. 28 b ; a. e. 

iC'E m. (b. h.; *!d^) discipline, morality, conduct. 
Midr. Prov. to I, 2 "3 "ldb . . . ttP dX if a man has wisdom, 
he can learn good conduct; ib. to I, 7; Yalk. ib. 929; a. e. 

HD"1E m., pi. rrhfcia (b. h. ; idst) bands, fetters, re- 
strictions. Yeb. 77* (ref. to Ps. CXVI, 16; cmp. "Wtt) -:d" 
';■ DWlTifi ";r 'MlO '- two restrictions which were against 
me t'uou hast untied (permitted) (by confining the pro- 
hibition of intermarriage to male Moabites and Ammon- 
ites), v. "2X ; -:. 

N^iC i!2 ch.=next w.. v. ""iSdh. 

rnC"l£, PTTOliQf. (preced. art.) reins. B.Mets. 8 b 
'=■ 'zz -"r n; SOT (not z m zr) he who sits in the wag- 
on has not taken hold of the reins, while he who rides 
holds the reins (and leads the heterogeneous animals, v. 
:-:). — Esp. (sub. THX or zzr ; cmp. ~dBX) taking hold of the 
reins as a form of taking possession. Ib. nsrsdd n:ip n: _ x '- 
Bashi a. Ms. R. 2 (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 30) taking hold 
of the reins does not give possession to the finder. Ib. 'd 
n:p ""zr.z getting the reins from a fellowman (the 
owner) means possession. Ib. "2 pBJJs "X": what is the ex- 
pression (the etymology of) moserah ? (Answ. : from Idd).— 
Kidd. I, 4 quot. in Rashi to B. Mets. 1. c. 'Idd rY0p2 (ed. 
ri"¥t3B&5) is taken possession of by seizing the reins (or 
:hain).B.Kam.IV,9'dd..inrpif the owner tied the animal 
(to a fence &c.) by the reins. Par. II, 3 'dH Tit rV<&9 bS'p 
if he threw the reins over her back. Y. Kidd. I, 60 a bot. 
'21 bd' '- '■: ~r~ if he handed him the reins of one of the 
camels; a. fr. 

"j"HO"lQ, Y. Sabb. Vm, 10 b bot. 'O "no, read: IT*??; 

v. eVm. 

|^.*. C""^ m. pi. (redupl. of pdd) olive barrels, con- 
sisting of loosely joined splices lined with pitch. Bets.33 b . 

TJflU m., ri'jP'IQ f. fr®) foretoarned, esp. (law) Mu ad 
(v. Ex. XXI, 29), an animal ichose owner stands forewarn- 
ed on account of three successive injuries; liable to full 
indemnity, contrad. to dr. B. Kam. I, 4 'dM "ttO an ox 
that has done damage three times. Ib. 'z"\ :ds": 'd "d'n 
the tooth of an animal is considered a mu'ad with ref- 
erence to eating such things as are fit to be eaten by 
it, i. e. damages for eating must be paid in full with- 
out previous forewarning. Ib. dl *Qtt)b 'd bain the foot 
is a mu'ad &c, i. e. what an animal treads upon on 
its way must be paid for in full without forewarning. 
Ib. dbisb "2 d'~:n the serpent is always a mu'ad (even 
when tamed). Ib. '31 dbo pT3 dbOd 'd the mu'ad pays 
full damage, collectible from the owner's best property. 
Ib. II, 4 'z"\ TfTWlO ba 'd a mu'ad is an animal against 
which three warnings on three days have been given; 
(another opin.) d^dSS . . . YVVfno 'd against which three 
warnings have been given (even in one day). Ib. 5 dlX 
db*l5b 'd damage done by a human being must under all 
circumstances be restored in full. Ib. 17 b 'd m "nn (OTPJl) 
damage done by chickens must be restored in full; "CSt 
'd must not &c; a. v. fr. — Trnsf. n*Pd?b "D a mu'ad for 
sin, i. e. likely to sin again. Num. R. s. 9 obnoao "jVd 
'v'z "2 no?3 Xdnd having sinned three times, he has be- 
come a mu'ad for sin. — PI. BTtPm, "jTtWO. B. Kam. 1, 4; 
Tosef. ib. I, 4 'd nOdn there are five kinds of mu'ads. B. 
Kam. 16 a ; a. fr. 

"13^ \12 m. (b. h.; i>^) 1) appointed time, appointment. 
Pes. I, 3 (10 b ) ttl TSPid within the time appointed for the 
removal of leavened matter (up to the sixth hour of the 
day); '-fl IrlR after the time (until nightfall), Rashi; (oth. 
interpret , v. infra).— PI. ECWO. Erub. 54 b niinb 'd no:? 
have fixed times for the study of the Law, v. S"nid. — 
2) festive season, festival, esp. = "zn bin, the week-days 
intervening between the first and the last days of Passover 
and of Succoth. M.Kat.1, 1;— Pes. I.e. 'dSTjlPa during 
the festive week of Passover; 'd<l 1HSO after Passover, 
Tosaf.; (oth. interpret., v. supra). — PL B'nS'id, r.rrrid. Pes. 
X, 6 UTM tfhvt 16 other seasons and festivals. Sabb. 
145 b d*nd'U bddO'd the festivals in Babylonia are joyously 
celebrated; a. fr. — "pp 'd Moed Katon, (half- festival) 
name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, Talmud Babli 
and Y'rushalmi, of the Order of Mo'ed.— "2 nid the Order 
of Mo'ed, name of the second order of the Mishnah, To- 
sefta and Talmud Babli and Y'rushalmi. 

1?i£i ^"?1^ ch. same. Targ. I Sam. I, 3; 4.— M. 
Kat. 18 b th k irt Marian bin, v. preced. Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 b 
bot. "21 n^ld the day or days after a (gentile) festival. — 
PL •pir" 2 , K^i-id. Targ. Lev. XXIII, 2. Targ. Hos. II, 13; 
a. fr. 

S~2n2 f. ch.=nnr!id liable to do damage. Targ. Prov. 
XXV, 19 V d 8&TI (h. text tf VUVJ t, v. B. Kam. 1, 4 ; Ms. Xrsjd, 
v. :W; cmp. Lam.R. introd., R. Hanina 2, v. b£" a.dddT?). 

flTOD, v. tna. 




123^)22 m., HtSSHD f. (='aa ; e?a) small, minute, sparse. 
% -at a little; small(spot8ic). Tosef.Sot.XV, 12, sq.; Tosef. 
B. Bath. II, 17 '53 '1 H3 -n">lBa leaves a little portion (of 
the wall) unfinished in remembrance of the destruction 
of Jerusalem ; 'a *i m^lBa leaves off a little portion of 
her toilet. Hag. I, 5 tJ rrrl rrt if he has little of both. lb. 8 
'a Nipa "pin the Biblical text for these laws is sparse. 
Gitt. 14 a 'a nana a small gift. Sifra Tsav, ch. XV, Par. 11 
*a riS^ab the putting on of hands which is rarer (than 
waving, being confined only to live sacrifices); 'a nEISrl 
waving which is rarer (being performed by one person 
only, while putting hands on is done by all sharers in 
the sacrifice) ; a. fr. — PL B*HjpWO, y oi W a ; WittSft. Hag. 1. c. 
"a ^0331 Q"Ulia fi^bsiX many eaters (members of the 
household partaking of the peace-offering) and small 
wealth. lb. 'a tnblS less burnt-offerings (than peace-of- 
ferings), lb. 1 l a 'a rvobni . . . R"Tpa the Rabbinical laws 
sparse in comparison to the profuse Bible text on the 
subject. Arakh. 30 b 'a ttVO . . . ' . tfi *W are there longer 
and shorter years?; a. fr.— Esp. BSfl», BS*OT the smaller 
thing, the lesser sphere. B. Hash. 4>>, a. fr. tt21ia MDSn 
MDSn'a nt>En riOBn xb if you take hold of the larger thing, 
you may lose your hold, if of the smaller, you will hold 
it, i. e. where the interpretation is doubtful, select the 
smaller number; Y. YomaII,end,40 a 'aa!"l. Sifra Vayikra, 
N'dab., ch. XIII, Par. XII 'aaM the least portion thereof. 
Y. Keth. Ill, 27 d bot. 'aa ppft niB13. the disgrace of a minor 
is the less grave thing; ib. 'aa 1pT51 and the indemnity he 
gets, is smaller ; a. fr. 

5 n 2TlQ, v. by\— [Meil. 14 b VWB Xpl, v. VJQr] 
1TD1Z2, Y. Ab. Zar. I, 40 a , v. 'fHfXS. 

es sEnU m.(x^Q) l) concealed, hidden; miraculous. Hag. 
13 a (quot. fr. Ben Sira) '31 "|aa 'an search not into that 
which is concealed from thee (mysteries of theosophy); 
Gen. E. s. 8 (v. fiaobs). Midr. Till, to Ps. Ill; a. e.—Pl. 
trxbsia, "pKblpw. Snh. I6 b (play on v\bs) -ji-PiBsa 'au: 
for their proceedings are wonderful; Ber.4 a DST ,ta G'na 'aU3. 
— Trnsf. (in the phrase ttrxb "[lab 'a, arisen from tt^X 
sbs* 1 *z, Lev. XXVII, 2) a child whose power of dis- 
crimination is uncertain. Tem. 2 1 ' wstb "pabii 'a ni3*ib 
ish (Lev. 1. c.) is used in connection with vows Cp3*iS>) in 
order to include l a doubtful person next to a man', i. e. 
a boy near the age of religious majority; Num. B. s. 10; 
Naz. 62 a ; a. e.— Ib. 29 b paTl IB^xb "paG 'a the rule that 
the vow of a boy of twelve years of age is valid is merely 
a rabbinical enactment. — 2) distinguished, esp. mufla, a 
special expert assessor at court to whom questions of law 
are referred, instructing judge. Hor. I, 4 (if a court gave 
a wrong decision) BIB Y'n blB 'a n%1 X5 in the absence of 
the mufla. Ib. 4 b '31 "p-noB ina . ..'a mn ab so also, if the 
mufla was absent, they cannot be made responsible for 
their decision, because they ought to have informed them- 
selves and did not do so (therefore their judgment was 
not a legal act at all). Y. Snh. 1, 19 c top ",!"lb\B 'ai KIM TPtt 
'31 he (the questioner) and the mufla of the court (to whom 
the question had been referred) went to &c. ; Tosef. ib 
VII, 1 ; Tosef. Hag. II, 9 abBla ed. Zuck. (Var. absia). Sifre 

Deut. 152 (ref. to vbff*, Deut. XVII, 8) WOU 'MW laba 
"Uia this intimates that the text speaks of the mufla; 
Snh. 87 a top (Bashi: = fifiala). Cant. R. to III, 7; Num. 
B. s. 11 (ref. to G^ID, II Kings XXV, 19) '31 T'D. blB 'a W 
the saris means the mufla of the court, who is called 
saris (mediator) &c, v. tn& H.— PI. "pabBla. Hor. 7 a Ms. 
M. a. Bashi (ed. fbBia). Midr. Till, to Ps'. 1. c. 1"3 'wb&ra. 

jbSD'lD, v. 5b_B. [Tosef. Hag. II, 9, v. preced.] 

niDID m. (fit" 1 , crap. !"JS^) confirmation, evidence; mir- 
acle. Sifre Deut. 83 "p&O 'a. ..tnaiBn niN oth (sign) refers 

to a phenomenon in the heavens mofeth to one on 

earth. Snh. 93 a 'a enb iTBJttlB D^3K men in whose be- 
half a miracle was effected. Y. ib. XI, end, 30 r ; a. fr. — 
Hull. 103 b inn 'a thou prodigy of the generation! — PI. 
a^riBia, 'pnBia. Tanh. Sh'moth 23. 

riDlQ, ^r©l£! ch. same. Targ. 0. Deut. XIII, 2; a. 
e.— PI. "prBia^nBia. Ib. Deut. VI, 22. Targ. 0. Ex. IV, 

f ID (cmp. ysa) to suck.— Part. p^O. SabD - 13 * a **& 
'a Kb - ! b^pW an infant that docs not suck. Ib. 133 b SOaiX 
'a £<bl a surgeon (circumciser) that fails to suck the blood 
out of the wound.— Ab. Zar. 32 a '31 Ifib W"tfl and they 
(the earthen vessels) resorb the wine (Ms. M. ^Ual *iS 
'31, v. ixa). 

y "ID, imper. of pta. 

y ID m. (b.h.; -pja) [swc&ecZ owf, dry,] chaff. Midr. Till, 
to Ps. I, 4 '31 WpMtt) 'as laXM CK you might think 'like 
the chaff' in the valley in which there is yet some moisture 
&c. Gen. B. s. 83, end '31 'am IBpill pFp the straw, the 
stubble and the chaff were disputing with one another. 
Midr. Till, to Ps. II ; a. e.— [Tosef. Ter. Ill, 1 7 'ari IJB ed. Zuck. 
from the grain before it is threshed; v., however, ■"i"-" 1 '^?-] 

ylD, fcCZiQ I ch. same. Targ. Is. XXIX, 5 (ed. Lag. 
fa). Targ.Hos.XIII,3; a. fr.— [Targ. Ps. LX1X, 21 HXTO, 
some ed., read: 5«na, v. »}a II.]— Y. Snh. X, 27 d bot. ft» 
'31 i"Pi:Q*J 'a the chaff which remains there (after the 
straw is removed) undermines the walls. 

£*■£ llj II Motsa, near Jerusalem (also named 
Colonia). Succ. IV, 5. Y. ib. 54 b bot. '31 x^saa 'a ina 
what is Motsa? Mamtsia . . named Colonia; Bab. ib. 45 a 
'31 'a l"H!> *p . . . »nbp dlpa the place was named Co- 
lonia, but why does our Tanna call it Motsa? (Answ. : as if 
SOSVa) '31 pSPaiiT^fct because its inhabitants are exempt 
from royal taxes, he calls it M. (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Colonia). 

^T\12 III m., pi. constr. \ssia (b. h.; fcB£) exit; 'a 
ra^J (abbrev. T13"ia, CS10) the night following the Sabbath; 
■j"n 'a the night following a Holy Day. Tosef. Sabb. Ill, 
5; Hull. 15 a , a. e. U3"la3. *>3i<i (or IB "lab) may be eaten 
after the Sabbath is past. Bets. 30 b ; Sabb. 45 a '0"T> 'a IS 
'31 ",1ins<n not before the end of the last day of the (Suc- 
coth) festival; a.— tWattJ "3 the period beginning 
with the end of the Sabbatical year. Shebi. IV, 2. B. 
Hash. 9 a ; a. fr. 



ZHIT-, v. ansa. 

T : t : \ 

mnna, v. -=----•?. 

fcCiTlE, Cant. R. to IV, 1, read: VQftBGt, v. Kobs. 

"TCWnn m. pISX) swatf, Usser.—Pl. | *' ffHU . Sabb. 10 b 
'a rTVtWW .... "jlHa because its (Zoar's) settlement was 
more recent, its sins were les^s (Yalk. Gen. 84 yaSTa). 

p*12 (cmp. "^a a. ppa) to be crushed, stamped upon; 
to be soft ; v. next w. 

Pa. p"a, p5? (cmp. iea I; b.h.Hif.) to talk contempt- 
uously, sneer, mock. Targ. Prov. XIX, 28 (Ms. corruptly 
-—---, for "-•;-). lb. ni, 11 p*nan (read: p^ar). 

Af. p*K» same. lb. IX, 12 (some ed. !pao, v. p^a). — 
Targ. Is. XXXVII, 22 xp'aa ed.Lag. (otb. ed.^Sa); Targ. 
II Kings XIX, 21 "nra Bxt. (ed. Lag. ^Sa). 

p* — m. (preced.) [a soft hackled substance (cmp. T|ia),] 
felt-sock or stocking. Tosef. Teb. XII, 10 (Ms. Erf. "pa, 
marginal correction pta); Yeb. 102 b bot. 

Sp"l/2 ch. same, pi. iffVO. Targ. Esth. VIII, 15, v. 
■■s-r-i.— Yeb. 102 b top 'a "nit RttWl (Ar. ipa*0 "tflt, corr. 
ace.) five pairs of socks. Gitt. 68 b *Ti<p 'aa be (Solomon) 
comes to us with socks on his feet; Midr. Till, to Ps. 
LXXYIIL 45 — [Snh. 95 a trpva Ar., read : iTTiia ori-i^ia, 

V. N-p"'^ II.] 

IpuG m. (b. h. ; "p") fire-place, hearth where fire is 
maintained. — 'afi rva the room (in the Temple) in which 
fire is perpetually maintained. Tarn. I, 1 ; Midd. I, 1 ; a. 
fr.— Sabb. I, 11 (19 b ) 'a rvn mYia the pile in the fire- 
room (in the Temple or in private houses). 

"P"iE, &np"l£ I ch. same. Targ. I Chr. II, 54.— Snh. 
33 b '31 y\p (?"•) Tpi T^p/lalX (not Tp*j v. Rabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note ; Easbi : '31 IS) while thy fire is burning, (go) 
cut tby gourd and roast it, i. e. when listening to your 
teacher give him your full attention, and you need ask 
no questions. — iTnaaT 'a (n*a, *a) the hot spring of Ti- 
berias. Esth. R. to I, 9 "Si t3Tl "TO the waters of the hot 
spring &c; Yalk. Gen. 133 'a "m "ZZ; Gen. R. s. 79 "2 
"0 r-r- "W the baths of &c. ; Pesik. B'shall. p. 89 b "pin 
~"pa (corr. ace). 

S"p"iS II m. (=h.*ip-rp r )top, crown of the head (differ. 
fr. X-p- -). Targ. Job II, 7 (ed. Lag. '"pia, Var. "ipia). 
Targ.Y. Deut. XXVIII, 35. [lb. 28 read : Klpia.] Targ. Ps. 
VII, 17 (ed. Lag. n, Var. 1). 

"|*~p ? l!2, TrlpC m. (Maxeowv) Macedonian. Targ. 
I Chr. i, 7 (h. text yn, v. K^-npW).— Esp. 'a GTlTSrbs 
Alexander the Macedonian (Alex. tbeGreat), v.Ci~~:C='-X. 
[Mekh.Yithro,Bahod. s.9'3, read with ed. Weiss rival or 
D"nx=Rome.]— PL yar.pia, 'pa. Targ. Esth. VIII, 15 'a 
Harm Macedonian gilt shoes. 

JSJ Vlj^l/U same. Targ. Esth. VIII, 15K2!Tn. . .V&tys 
'a the great Macedonian gold crown; Targ. II Esth. VI, 10 
x-:--p-a . . . »W>3. 

^t : ^1?^' 1?^? (Mctx&fcavfflO Macedonia, esp. the 
Greek empire founded by Alexander the Great and his 
successors. Targ. Y. Gen. X, 2; Targ. I Chr. I, 5 (h. text 
yp); Gen. R. s. 37, beg.; Yoma 10 a [read:] yn 1Sai2a3 "Ha 

'a IT; v. Dio'nix. 

fcfrj^D, ^IL^p^v.cnpa. 

] I 'plD m. (Maccus, adapted to ynp*l3) Maccus or 
Macchus, a buffoon in Roman farces. Ab. Zar. 18 b , a. 
e. ; v. jPtfta. 

DiTpia, v .r^i. 

SEplft f. (nip) 1) stand; with suffix "napia. Targ. 
II Chr. XXXV, 15 'a *tnx ?S ed. Lag. (ed. Beck 'a ?5; h. 
text ^asa). *2) place of combats, arena. Ex. R. s. 30 D^» 
'31 'a? It rt) (some ed. a. Matt. K. xapa) two entered the 
arena (for a combat), one a professional, the other a 
private (amateur). — V. Mp ch. 

NjCj> _ m. (preced.) standing by, attendance. Targ. 
II Chr. IX, 4 ; v. Dpa. 

"nZ2p"iQ, v. xapia a. xapa. 

"p0p*2 m. pi. (tip; cmp. mop a. x:a) a sort of sfafe 
garments. Gen. R. s. 36 ; Cant. R. to VII, 9 ; Esth. R. to 
I, 12 (expl. -bmo, Dan. Ill, 21) ' ft I ' lffiUJ ; cmp. Wjbfe. 

*]P*E> v. P,p3 1 a. n. 

n^p*C m. (Part. Hof. of ftzpj) {cut off, set aside, stored 
away,) \) a space back of the dwelling, containing stored 
up wood, cattle in sheds &c. Erub. II, 3; ib. 22 a . lb. 
X, 8. Bets. IV, 1 taM Z'Z? wood in the muktseh (stored 
for the winter); a. e. — 2) store of fruits. Maasr. Ill, 2. 
Ib. I, 5 'a iT2"S"C IS until the melon is stored away. Y. 

Ter. II, 41 d top T1 bs in "ja bttt mil he took ten 

dry figs from the storage as tithes for ninety in the bas- 
ket (designated for immediate use, v. n';2;r); (Men. 54 b ; 
55 a Sispa). — 3) (sub. 4o) the tool specially intended (for 
cutting figs). Shebi. VIII, 6, v. ri2~r;; [Maim, the shed 
where figs are spread for drying.}. — 4) an animal set 
aside (in a shed) for a sacrifice. Tern. 28 b D^C sac's tJ 
set aside until it would be seven years old. Ib. 29 a "":a 
STTWl ",a 'a? where in the Torah is muktseh intimated? 
(misunderstood by Abbaye as meaning, 'where is it in- 
timated that an animal must be kept in an enclosed space 
for some time before it can be offered on the altar?' — 
and corrected as meaning, 'where is it intimated that an 
animal designated for idolatry is forbidden for the Jewish 
altar ?').— Tosef. Ab. Zar. V (VI), 10 VI t"S? 'a 'a n^X what 
is meant by m. (as forbidden for .the altar)? That which 
has been set aside (in a special place designated for the 
purpose) for idolatrous use, but if one merely devoted 
it by word of mouth &c. Tem. VI, 1. Tosef. 1. c. 9 TOTBta 
'31 MCSS'Ca 'a SOp3 when is an animal called m. (for idol- 
atry)? Prom the time that an act (of dedication) has 




been done with it; Tern. 29* (12) lWtt) IS K5K TIBK TO *pK 
(v. Rashi's first interpret. ; second interpret. :) a m. re- 
mains forbidden only until it has been used for some 
work (whereby its designation for the idolatrous altar is 
annulled). lb. nu»a .... "iiOK 'a "pK a m. remains for- 
bidden only until some act (as shearing its wool or some 
work) has been done with it; a. e. — 4) (Sabbath law) 
muktseh, that which is not counted on for use on the Sab- 
bath or Holy Day (v. "jsia s. v. fOl t a. njain); forbidden 
for use or handling. Bets. 2 a KIM 'a «"3fl "armaSO ^Ka 
what reason had Beth Shammai (to permit the egg laid 
on the Holy Day by a hen which is kept for laying eggs 
and can, therefore, not be used for consumption on that 
day)? Is it not muktseh? lb. iVtt rV4 n^K 'a IT* rYWI he 
who forbids m. forbids also nolad (v. "lb;). Sabb. 44 a 'a 
OIK^a nana not counted on (and therefore forbidden to 
handle) on account of its repulsiveness (e. g. an old clay 
candlestick) ; "ilOiK nana 'a m. in consequence of a ritual 
prohibition (e. g. a candlestick which on the entrance of 
the Sabbath could not be moved because a light was 
burning on it). lb. 157 a CO yHOn nana 'a not counted 
on for use on the Sabbath because the object is too ex- 
pensive for a use for which it is not originally made; a. 
fr. — PL BtftttB, 'pi?pia set apart, chosen. Sifre Num. 85 
(ref. to nitpn, Num. XI, 1 ) Dn2T15 'an the fire seized the 
distinguished among them (with ref. to "pSp, Jud. XI, 11; 
Yalk. Num.732 d^Spa).— Fern. r1JJJWa,jpJ. niapia. Sabb. 
43 b t\m 'a Km are they not muktseh (because they are 
not intended for human food)? 

22pm v. sispa. 

fcnplQ I m. Cipj) honor. Koh. R. to II, 20; Lev. B. 
s. 25 *31 PW^tl 'a "fin bs so much honor do you show 
to this old Jew?— Ber. 28 a 'an Kt>3, v. &OJ5 1 ]. 

fcOp"lQ II m. ("ip; I, cmp. "rip I) [pickings,] marrow, 
brain\v.)XrS-Q). Targ. Job XXI, 24. Targ.Y.Deut. XXVIII, 
28'a KTDE'jal (not Klpia) which makes the brain fat (dulls 
man's reason, v. csa). — Hull. 93 a 'ail iS"ia"i the mem- 
brane covering the testicles and that covering the brain. 
—Yalk. Gen. Ill, end; Gen. R.s.64, end n">"ipia some ed., 
v. K^ipa.]— V. K^p/ia II. 

tDp*Q m. compared, v. ffipJ. 

Jl'CpiQ m.(cmp.niapa) a cucumber bed. Y.Kil.III,28 c 
bot.; a. e.— PI. (fr. Kirpia) ni">irpla (Y.dial. for niKUJpla). 
Ib. d 'an "pa nUJpia (not "pa) a cucumber bed between cu- 
cumber beds. 

"HE, Hif. "i^an (b. h. ; cmp. **TO) 1) to exchange. Snh. 
56 b Wtfi Kb iSN UTbtk I am God, you shall not ex- 
change me (for another god); a. e. — Esp. (with ref. to Lev. 
XXVII, 33) to substitute a dedicated sacrifice (by which 
both become sacred property). Tern. I, 1 d^aa bsn 
(Bab. ed. "p"paa) all persons have power to exchange ; Kb 

itflQ "Van "i^anb "WB1 B"TKir which means not that 

one is permitted to exchange, but that if one did, the 
substitute is sacred. lb. 2 a "naa 13*K 113T1" 1 an heir cannot 
exchange his father's dedication. lb. 3 a , a. fr. "iB?a (Pi. 

of *ia*). lb. I, l (7 b ) dnbm nx d^-naa (Talm. ed. dnbira) 
can exchange what belongs to them. lb. li^pa" 1 Kb 1i3an 
ID (Talm. ed.ia *p"Paa "pK) he (the priest) cannot exchange 
the first-born animal (although it is his as the priest's 
share). lb. 2 '31 bs ^n -,a d^aa you can substitute 
small cattle for large; a. fr.— V. d^ia^KlL— 2) to convert. 
Yalk. Gen. 136 d3nK "Paa *3K I shall force you to abjure 
your religion (Gen. R. s. 82 TailJa) ; v. laia. 

Hof. "lain to be exchanged, to become sacred (without 
redeeming the original). Part. laia. Tem. 1,1; a. fr., 
v. supra. 

"filG I ch., Af. "TCBK (Pa. "ftp) same. Tem. 2 b "WS ^-laK 
l^aa he has also the power to exchange (v. preced.). lb. 
10 b '31 "iB^a Kbn Kin ^W^ (Rashi "niax) he has no power 
to exchange, but to dedicate he has. [B. Mets. 77 a WR. 
na^K, v. ^a.— [V. Kj-iia:*.] 

"11Q 11= 1aK. Y. Ber.II,5 b top "ilal p^Sa he went out 
and said. lb. h**Vfi1 "rial (ed. Lehm. llaKi) but say also 
what follows it. 

"llQ, Hfo m. (b.h. ; TTO) myrrh. Ker. 6 a ; Y. YomalV, 
41 d (an ingredient of frankincense); Gen. R. s. 91, end; 
Yalk. ib. 149 (not "ma), v. "niFK. Mikv. IX, 5 'an (Var. 
Ton); Tosef. ib. VI (VII), 16 'an the myrrh-gum. Cant. 
r! to V, 16; a. fr.— Ib. 13; Sabb. 30 b , v. "ia II.— PI. ninia 
lumps of gum. Lam. R. to I, 20 (play on Tia"ran ib., as 
if fr. lan) 'a 'a i&ws, v. &A II. 

Tta, XTfift (^TQ) ch. same. Targ. Ex. XXX, 23 
(Var. Kna, Vfim, K^a, v. Berl. Targ. 0. II, p. 29). Targ. 
Prov. VII, W. Targ. Ps. XLV, 9 'TO. Targ.IIEsth. II, 5 
(play on ^inSa) Vttfl K"ia ed. Lag. (oth. ed. '"<a).— Hull. 
139 b (translating "rTTJ "ia, Ex.1, c.) KOI K"Ha clear (liquid) 
myrrh; Meg. 10 b "Ol *"ia (Ms. 0. a. L. KOH KlTo, v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 20).— Keth. 75 a ■ppffllai nnia Ar. (missing 
in ed.) myrrh and musk, v. Kni'p. 

S~)"1Q I c. (b. h.; K"tJ) fear, reverence. Ab. I, 3, a. fr. 
D"<aiy T 'a the fear of the' Lord. Ber. 28 b t^att) 'a W1HU 
"ll"a 'as to ib» (Ms. M. Kn^ttJ) that your fear of the Lord 
be as great as the fear of man (before whom you hide 
yourselves when you want to do wrong). Kidd. 31 a D^ipn 
ntsn 'ab dKn 'a n"apn the Lord (the Bible text) places 
the reverence due to the mother before that due to the 
father (Lev. XIX, 3). Ib. b 'a lhTW whereby is filial re- 
verence shown? ; Sifra K'dosh., beg. 'a Kfl 11">K. Ab.III, 2 
'31 nsoia KbabKUJ but for the fear of it (the secular govern- 
ment) &c; a. fr.— Fern, form njoia, constr. niOla. Kidd. 
30 b . Num. R. s. 15 nin 'a... It Klla this 'fear' (Koh. VIII, 
13), we know not what it refers to; but on reading . . . 
(Lev. XIX, 32) we learn that it means the reverence due 
to one's teacher. Ib. nibpUJa 'al n"0"i 'a inn there is also 
the warning to fear the Lord attached to the prohibition 
of usury (Lev. XXV, 36) and of false weights (ib. XIX, 
36).— Naz.IX, 5, v. nnia II.— [Yalk. Sam. 78 . . 'a '^tl na 
'a 'fin, read: K"iSB . . . X-ft3, v. Midr. Sam. ch. II.] 

S"*I"1Q II, rn*]Q f. (u-topa) stupid, foolish. Lam. R. 
introd T .(R. Simeon) (play on nxiia, Zeph.IH, 1) [read :] *fy 

'a Nnialiab "pllp ^^Q "|3^J Kin it is a Greek expression, 




for in Greek they call a foolish woman mora; Yalk. Zeph. 
567 tfToa (corr. ace). Midr. Till, to Ps. IX, 21 (play on 
PTftD, ib.) 'a . . . i"P3 ",3T!3 . . THS D53n let folly enter into 
their hearts, for in Greek they call a fool mora (= DTlfe). 

n&JTlQ, constr. nglfe, v. K'Tfia I. 

nSTlE f. (b. h. rtKna; v. K"TQ Ifi/".) crojp of birds. Zeb. 
VI, 5, sqV Yoma 21 a ; a. e.— P/. niK^ia. Tarn. I, 4; Sifra 
Vayikra, N'dab., Par. 7, ch. IX. 

ra-fm, srnraiTa, rrrnma, v. *&£$* 

n" 1 !!!!^ I f. (na'n) young tree or bough.— PL Wi^'Tfto, 
Succ. IV,' 5 (45 a ) MSIS Vtt) 'a (Mish. a. Ms. M. '"TO) young 
willows; Yalk. Ps. 876. Tarn. II, 3 '"TO. 

rf'STfiQ IIf.,pi. ni*S7i^(=nis^*ra,v.nyia'n)l)«;afer- 
ing time's. Y. Shebi. II, 34 a 'a -ubw "Oaa 23a "(sub. b-TO) he 
omitted to water it for three periods (Mish. ib. 9 niSIS); 
Tosef. ib. II, 4 nwna ed. Zuck. (read : nijna"TO; Var. tWaSO). 
— 2) layers, piles of hewn stones. Ib. m, 1 ; Shebi. Ill, 5. 

rta, nia, sm'a v. ^, wmto. 

t •• t : • ' t • 

*|YU~nQ, Targ. Y. Lev. XIX, 36 some ed., v. JO'tia. 

n^iin^ f. (rdVi) perception.— PI. tyvHSJia. Num.B. 
s. 14 (some ed. 'til'TO), v. n»ann. 

Tiinm., mTjint, v .™ 

"PID I m. (b. h.; TV) descent— PL t&tfn. Erub.56 a . 

II 1/2 II (or IJTQ) m. name of a species of locusts. 
ToseZ Hull. Ill, 25. 

SP'I'TTIQ f. pi. ("n*i fo plough) furrows. Targ. Ps. 
CXXIX, 3 fttWlW ed. Lag. (Regia "tWWOj ed. Wil. 
TTOtfTWij ed. Ven. IWttO, corr. ace). 

S" 1 ^ ™nO m. (preced.; cmp. "im, Jon. 1, 1 3) rudder. B. 
Mets^Y 11 '; Meg. 16 b , v. rtfbb. 

tt : : t • t : " : 1 

SP^T"7|Q, "*T™Q> Sp"^™lD m. (Pers. murdah mortuus, 
v.Pl.toLev.Targ.Dict.I,p. 418 1 ; cmp. iJCrna) dead, wither- 
ed flesh. Hull. 121 a (expl, \btk, Mish. ib" IX, 1) R. J. says 
KpTTO Ar. s. v. VV« (ed. a. Yalk. Job 906 KpB^ia); R.Lak. 
says, yoiO in-obsa lira (v. tA&j) ; [Targ. Job. XIII, 4, a gloss 
to Vbx, combining both opinions: fc0">30 IrfB&h Np^nial 
ed. Lag. (ed. Wil. Tlta; Ar. ed. Koh. s. v. bbx: *ttf|. 

riH^lD myrrh, v. KTOQ. 

n~l iD I m. (b. h. ; = niSa, of Phoenician origin, v. 
Wellh. Text d. B. Sam., p. 146, sq.) razor. Naz. IX, 5; 
Midr. Sam. ch. II '31 (n)TTO$h % tva as the word morah 
which is used in connection with Samson (Jud. XIII, 5) 
intimates that he shall be a nazarite, so also &c. (I Sam. 
I, 11); v. next w. — Num. B. s. 10 why is the razor C"l3>n) 

called morah? *an KT*na 15>tt5ri ytX® for the hair is afraid 
of nothing but the razor (v. XTTO); v. Midr. Sam. 1. c. 

TlTpilZ II m. (cmp. nspTO) authority. Naz. IX, 5 &6m 
1'"Q bffi Stbx 'a "px does not this morah (I Sam. I, 11, v. 
Targ.) mean, 'the authority of man (shall not come upon 
his head)'? Tla. Via 'a rts tlTl "Q31B (Var. XTia) the au- 
thority of man was obviously upon him (I Sam. XVI, 2) ; 
Midr. Sam. ch. II (corr. ace). 

TTpiD III f. stupid, v. Kite 11. 

JIHIQ I, part. IK/", of nn* • v. next w. 

JiniQ II m. (b. h. jrnfa; part, of WTO) rebellious.— 
PL D-nia. Tanh. Huck. 9 (ref. to ffnan/Num. XX, 10) 
D^sa"© 'an . . . 'an ina what does this hammorim mean? 
There are several explanations of it :^awm. means'trouble- 
some'; '31 "pCllD 'on hammorim means 'fools', for in the 
sea towns they call fools morim (v. cilia); cnai&t tlPI 
•jh^raVa nt< CiTiaUJ 'an and some say, ha mm. means those 
who presume to teach their teachers; (or) O^nn tT^TTOM 
'31 those who shoot arrows (with ref. to I Sam. XXXI, 3); 
v. rTTJ; Num. R. s. 19. 

S 1 j"173 III (jAiops, vocat. of [xojpo;, v. next art.) fool! 
Pesik.' Shim'u. p. 118 b 'a ^33 snip inn PS* . . . rjV'tib like 
to a king who gave his son in charge of a pedagogue and 
said, never call my son fool; . . yins 'a SOlirt ft»l na 
CYTia . . what does this more mean? — As in Greek they 
call a fool moros; Yalk. Jer. 265; Yalk. Num. 764 "Oab... 
D^Tia (con-, ace). 

plHl/Qi Targ. Ps. LV, 22, v. RrVWia. 

Dimn m. ((JL(op6;) fool. Pesik. Shirnu, p. 118 1 ', a. e., 
v. preced. art.— PL Ci-.ia, ynia. Ib. 'a ^33b . . . . V&t you 
shall not call my children fools (play on d^'an, v. preced, 
art.). Tanh. Huck. 9, v. nnia II. 

/ lG) l/l/J m. supposed to be the name of a clean bird 
with long legs and of a red color, Rashi (differ, in Ar.). 
Hull. 63 a . [The sense of 'a -p3a"i&1 is obscure.] 

r.nniQ, Tosef. Ter. IV, 15 =nrri!iaa, v. nna. 

12™nQ"m. (=zniaa; a^ia) bald-headed person. Tosef. 
Naz. 1^6 (Naz. 46 b Bmaan yp), 

S'OIQH'IQ, T3HD pr. n. Mauretania, a district of 
northwestern Africa'. Sifre Deut. 320 ; Yeb. 63 h (not liOcna), 
v. X^3"13. 

"HTO, Yalk. Gen. 149, read Tia. 

^"IIQ m. (b. h. :nia, Wfeaj cmp. ™Pi) 1) an im- 
plement with grooves or indentations, esp. threshing sledge. 
—PL DV?^. BT?io. Zeb. 116 b ; Men. 22 a ; Ab. Zar. 24 b 
(expl. a^lta, II Sam. XXIV, 22), v. b^sntts.— 2) ^a^fl^e 
(Rashi: all parts of the animal which are rough and in- 
dented).— PL as ab. Ber. 55 a ; Sabb. 81 a nana ^"nia the 
palate (or tongue &e) of an animal. 





WHId, JHId ch. same; 1) threshing ledge. Targ. 
Is. XLT, 15.— PI. K^-Vra. Targ. II Sam. XXIV, 22. Targ. 
Is. XXVIII, 27 KVnn ^'n'ia (ed.Lag. W»< h. text tf«*B).- 
Tem. 18 a *Tnjr*tiO0 " , BK Ar. (ed. '3^1»D ; Eashi ♦j'tea) even 
if you have to take them away from the threshing sledges. 
— 2) palate. Targ. Job XII, 11; a. ft. — PI. as ah. (with 
sing, meaning). Targ. Ps. XXII, 16 (ed. Wil. sing.). Targ. 
Cant. V, 16; a. e. 

7JP H id morigan^ a word in an incantation. Sahb. 67 a 
Ms. M. (ed. «*na). 

jrp-]il2, 'dH HH (b. h.) Mount Moriah, the Temple 
mount. Taan. II, 4, sq. '31 'an 1Tt3 . . . n33?W Tq may He 
who answered Abraham on M. M. answer your prayer 
&c. lb. 16 a ; Y. Ber. IV, 8 C top; Cant. E. to IV, 4; Gen. E. 
s. 55 ; Pesik. E. s. 40 (homiletical etymologies). 

"]i n Hid, v. $*#. 

"Dirrmd, WwnTin P r. n . m . MauHau. 

wus(?), eponymous hero of Eaamah. Targ. Y. Gen. X, 7; 
Targ. I Chr. 1, 9 (ed. Lag. 'B&onaa). 

fc^nin, 'd s^bn^m. P i. ( V . **»*, a . ***) an in- 

gredient of frankincense, supposed to be unguis odoratus. 
Targ.Y. II Ex. XXX, 34 (not jtazj; h. text rtrTffl). 

ST^Hidf. (=nj*lin; ttffr decision, law. Y. Snh. IV, 
beg. 22 &T (in Chald. diet.) 'a JW *6 . . . fttrtl that scholar 
did not know the law. 

rP^Hld, Cant. E. to II, 16, 'a "»i, v. tmKF^fj. 

T^TTQ, SD^Hld m. pj*) teacAer, scAoZflr. Keth. 
23 a •p3' 1 *X '21 -,33. they are the daughters of a scholar. Y. 
Sabb. VIII, ll b top WW! 'a (not 'U531) the teacher of 
the Nasi (E. Judah); Y. Shek. Ill, 47 c ; ib. VIII, beg. 51 a 
Vt*Vft n^iia. 

D" ' 'HlI3, (ch. form Kb^fla) m. (muries) brine, pickle 
containing fish-hash and sometimes wine. Ab. Zar. 34 b 
"inia "jaix 'a you may use muries prepared by a gentile 
professional cook (because he puts no wine into it). Ib. 
V & f+txn SOnX a ship-load of muries. Pes. 109 a 'ai xr©p 
'31 a xestos measure for muries existed in Sepphoiis 
which corresponded to the Log of the Temple; Y. Sabb. 
VIII, 1 1* bot. ; Y. Pes. X, 37 c bot. '=1 'El Vttp*& Kraain an 
old Tumanta (eighth of a kab) for muries in Sepphoris. 
Y. Ter.VIU, 45 b bot., v. UOiS I. Tosef. Ber. IV, 2. Tosef. 
Dem. I. 24; Hull. 6 a : a. fr/ 

STlD'Hld morifath, a word in an incantation. Sabb. 
67 a Ms. M. (missing in ed.). 

2$|5"Hld m. 1) <py*) crocus, saffron. Targ. Cant. IV, 
14.— [Targ. Ps. CXIII, 9, v. p1\]— Y. Kil. II, 28 a , v. SWl. 
Gitt. 70 a , v. tTltt. Hull. 47 b 'a31 . . . tBTTl which has the 
color of cuscuta or saffron; a. e. — 2) v. Npiial. 

H "H id m. (part. Hif., denom. of Ti) spitting, dis- 
charging secretion. Tosef. Par. IX (VIII), 6 Kinir i3£a 
Tma E. S. to Par. IX, 2 (ed. Wra, corr. ace) because it 

secretes liquid matter. — PI. "pTyia. Ib. E. S. 1. c. (ed. 
•pis, corr. ace). Neg. IX, 2, quot. by E. S. to Par. 1. c; 

v. *na. 

"CHld m. testator, ancestor, v. C"i". 

HHId m. (b. h. Tpa; Tjrn) faintness, cowardice. Sifra 
B'huck. Par. 2, ch.VII (ref. to Spb, Lev. XXVI, 36, with- 
out i) [read:] '3i -pa . . xpk . . "pa YfcOfil -mi» lJiS it 
does not read morekh (with 1, which may be derived from 
"pX and mean hope, v. TpX) but morekh (without 1) which 
means fear, terror, despair &c (v. ?pa); Yalk. Lev. 675 
(corr. ace). 

arnvmia arsronia, arprvta tjuxmx 

tt«: tt>: t t • : i~ "* 

cmp. nmix I) long boards, esp. the trough at the well 
(h. dXirV-i). ' Targ. Y. I Gen. XXIV, 20 (ed. Amst. ni*aiia, 
corr. ace; Y. II iTaila nnnxi, corr. ace). Ib. XXX, 38; 
41 (Y. 11 KWala, corr. ace). Targ.Y. Ex. II, 16 (ed. Amst. 
KTffrWBJ, corr. ace). 

"^DDHld, Y. Shebi. VI, end, 37 a , v. 131. 

DH^ld, Part. Hof. of Din q. v. 

T"fid m. (prob. contract, of "pixa; -fix) moran, name 
of a compartment of the house (the Greek peristyle?). 
B. Bath. I, 6 (ll a ) 'an (Ms. M. fiaB; Ms. H. -pian). 

fcOH'ld (Ar. ns&na, hSKTJQ) name of a parasite worm. 
Ab. Zar. 26 b 'a dllUb (a circumcision performed) on ac- 
count of a murana. — Hull. 49 a '31 "yobs 'a as to a murana 
found on the lungs, there is a difference of opinion &c. 
Ib. 67 b Ar. (ed. "9TI).— H. T3lia, iJSSO. Targ.Y. Ex. XVI, 
20. Targ. Job VII, 5 (not h 3ila) ; a. e. — [V. next w. a. 


T • T "" 

"P^DHId, ^Hld (or 'ia) f. pi. (cmp. EJKJ 1) ash- 
frees(b.h.iniFi).'Targ.Is.XLI,19; LX, 13(ed.Wil.^3^; 
ed. Ven. I yjMW). — 2) lances, v. xrroiia. 

Sd n Dmd, Targ. Y. Ex. XXI, 1 8, a misplaced Var. lect. 

of wraiia, v. xn->3iia. 

9 t • : : - 

sTPDHId f. (v. preced. art., cmp. jxeXia ash a. spear) 
spear, lance.— PI. ni*3lia. Ex. E. a. 17, end -1 ^ 'a . . .33? xn 
'31 it is for you my darts are prepared, which I send over 
the waves of the sea (on your ships). Ib. '31 ">bttJ 'a my 
(the Lord's) darts are ready. 

SrrOHId, "0H*)d ch. same, lance, pole. Targ. Ps. 
XLvf, 10^ Targ. I Sam. XIII, 22; a. fr. — [Targ. Y. Ex. 
XXI, 19 nirroisra his staff, v. KtVCtfia.]- [Targ. Ps.CXXlX, 

3 ynrwrna ed. Ven., v. stnii^a.]— Pi. T^nva, wn^s-TDo, 

WVJS^HV Targ. Ps. LV, 22 (ed. Wil. yVWfc corr. ace). 
Targ. Jer. XL VI, 4. Targ. II Chr. XI, 12 ; a. fr.— Targ. Ez. 

XXXIX, 9 ■pS'WO "tfK (h. text T> Ppa, v. -p^lia).— Pesik. 
B'shall., p. 94 a ; Koh. E. to XI, 2 'am "nain'a with sticks 
and poles. 

D3H"ld, Pesik. E.s. 21, v. oisnrj. 

5$&"fid m. (cmp.GlX) abscess. Eduy. II, 5; Tosef. ib. 
I, 8, a. e., v. Dpa. Gitt. 69 b 'ab a remedy for an abscess. 





■p-jr&l'm v. pDBWft 

Jp n!2 m. (OD") bruised grain, coarse bran (differ, fr. 
fQW). " Y. Sot. I, 17 b ; Y. Peah VII, 20 a bot.; Keth. 112 a 
■pOtia (corr. ace). Tosef. Shebi. V, 8. Hall. H, 6 lJO/Wa 
tbe bran tbereof ; a. fr. 

Ss?pH*0 f. (DD"i) destruction, ruins. Targ. Prov. 
XXVI, 26* (h. text IptX&a). 

/"■-=r ; X-3q. v. 

T t : ^ 

""l"lS, Y. Yoma VIII, end, 45 c , read with Lev. K. s. 

3 : sn '--. 

"TTIIj, j)£ ■j^'n'i-a, v. Wia. 

SlJ"1"1D, S \£TTtfl m. (cinp. $&ty projecting point. 
Ber.24 a ~2*=T- the top of the cap (the bag containing the 
T'fillin). Erub. 76 b ; Suce. 8 a Xnxripn "a the projection of 
the corners (of a square inscribed in a circle). B. Bath. 3 a 'a 
Nr:-pi the projections of a rough stone wall. Sabb. 77 b 
r-"T X3p *a the top of the scab, opp. mm, lb. 100 b 
~- r"X '"= N -:"-", Ms. M. perhaps the ground in the water 
has a projecting eminence (v. Tosaf. a. 1.; ed. mx 'a Wfi 
nb but has not the ship a projecting point (a helm)? — 
Hull. 17 b '31 KBp 'a the anterior edge of a notch in a 
knife cuts smoothly (the skin and flesh) and the posterior 
edge tears the vital parts (D">3at3). Men. 94 b "TOS nclla 
tlb (Rashi KttHlO) he attache sto the shipshaped cake a 

TVETW2 f. (b. h.; &P) inheritance. Snh. 59 a (ref. to 
Deut. XXXIII, 4) Ettb xbl 'a lib it is our inheritance, not 
theirs. lb. '38 bttfia 'a naiH 1JW according to him who 
reads morashah, he (the gentile studying the Law) robs 
(us). Ber. 57 a , a. e. nia-'ixa xbs *a "Hpn bx read not (Deut. 
1. c.) morashah inheritance, but m'orasah (betrothed), v. 
Dnx. Ex. R. s. 33. 

N'tZTHQ, v. tfwva. 

S7H"E f. (v. -•:), xnpijiUJ 'a a solution of pounded 
myrrh-gum. Y. Ber. VI, 10 a bot. 

Uj^lZ (b. h.; v. rra) to feel, touch. 
Nif. iaia2, part. pi. WTttHaJ [gropers, searchers.] the last 
troop of gleaners. Peah VIII, 1 '3rt "oVnOa from the time 
the last gleaners go. Y. ib. 20 d BffKl . . . 'S fttV X"ip3 nab 
'31 why are they called n'moshoth (searchers)? Because 
they come out last. Ib. '31 'S "On *ijn rHX (not rPlBiai) 
some read n'moshoth, others mashoshoth &c. ; he who reads 

wsA. calls them so, because they feel their way in walk- 
ing (old people); B. Mets. 21 b ; Taan. 6 b '31 130 'J VOB 

that is meant by n'moshoth? Old men walking on a 
staff; (oth. opin.) '=1 tJlpV, v. Xaipb. Y. Peah I.e. sdtf JTtl 
"Sri "pa (not *a) used to go out among the last gleaners. 

L31Q eh. 1) same. Targ. 0. Gen. XXVII, 12; a. e.— 
2) (perh. fr. r:aa; cmp. l&ttDb) to handle, attend to, pre- 
pare. M. Kat. 27 b '31 xrevx "Xn Anm (v. Rabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note; ed. incorr.) let that woman have her shroud in 
readiness. B. Kam. 92 b uia *pS3& XE31X prepare a saddle 
for thy back, v. XS31X. 

Af. ttjiax fo a#o«p to touch. Targ. Jud. XVI, 26 yx t ^HJ K\ 
(ed. Lag. iSttJaxi, v. Xflja). 

H^JIQ m. (b. h.: 3^) seat, sitting. Y. Ber. IX, 13 a top 
i"Jtt3Ylp3 iaiaia His sitting (in judgment) is in holiness (with 
ref. to Ps. XLVII, 9). Meg. IV, 3 (23 b ) 'ai iDSa the cere- 
mony of rising and sitting down at funerals; a. fr. — aiaia 
trsb, v. yb. — Esp.'a (nxaia) the uncleanness caused by an 
unclean man's sitting, the unclean seat (Lev. XV, 4). Kel. 
I, 5 tf\ 331Ua Xaaa causes uncleanness of couch and seat; 
Zab. I, 1; a. fr. — [Hull. 124 a at aria the privy chair of 
one afflicted with gonorrhoea; Ar. reads: atana, VOXOO, 
'a leather seat of a folding chair', v. JW.] — PL niaria. 
Lev. R. s. 1 ; Tanh. Vayikra 1 (ref. to Prov. XXV, 7) pm 
'DT 'a "jaipa "ja keep removed from thy place two or three 
seats (behind that which is due to thy position), that 
they may say to thee, go up. 

JlDETlD, v. preced. 

"JnESIZS or "jTCJID, y. Yeb. vm, 9 d top 'ai 1-115 xin 

(or ITS) ; Y. Kidd. IV, 65 d bot. 'xrai "pS Xin, prob. to 
be read: XC-a/l )^S or "jUTa/i, v. 8TOI a. tfKf, 

rnlrntfb, v . *»& 

y_ 'Uj"lD m. (b. h.; r - r*) protector, aid, esp. (by adopt- 
ing the phrase Deut. XXII, 27 ) means of saving a be- 
trothed damsel assaulted. Snh. 73 a iai baa fib 'a By xn 
yiDYl? bia^'iD but if there is aid, any means to save her 
is permitted (even by the death of the assailant). Ib. C 
'31 pX 'a Tib if there is another way of saving her, you 
dare not kill him. 

rjljlD, v. ptiia. 
fcO*£";2 hide, v. «3ttJa. 

T : * t : - 

n 3Ipl2, '12 :p3 pr. n. pi. the Fort of the Moschi, a 
people whose territory formed the southern part of Col- 
chis. Kidd. 72 a ; Yeb. 17*. 

jDlL _ pr. n. pi. Moxoene, a town east of the upper 
Tigris sources. Kidd. 71 b 'a 12 Babylonia extends (for 
genealogical purposes) as far as M. Ib. 72 a 'ai linb "OttJla 
Tinb(K , rakh)Moshki (v. preced.) is different fromMoxoene. 

pIplQ m. (v. pawa) musk. Ber. 43 a (Ms. M. ^ria).— 
PI. '"ppria, v. pacsia'. 

niD, rfiD (b. h.) to die. Gitt, VII, 3, a. fr. ->na DSt if I 
should die. Gen. R. s. 9 (play on littr, Gen. I, 31) nam 
nia aia behold, it is good to die.— Kidd. 72 b '31 *1 natt53 
when R. . . died. M.Kat. 28 a D1KnS na if one dies suddenly. 
Sabb. 55 b WB DXana died for their sin. Tam. 32 a (in 
Chald. diet.) '31 moM ffiS^X Tas^ na what must man do 
in order to die? Let him feed himself, v. <l"n. Shebu. 
18 a , v. ai'JI; a. v. fr.— V. HO. 

Eif. Pi^an to put to death; to cause death. Snh. 53 a 3X 
'=■ : r^aa nnx^...irviafib bia^ nnx ^x that if you cannot 
put him to death in the manner legally prescribed, you 
must execute judgment by whatever means you can. Ib. 
56 b "mbs fWnra . . . n^iai acts on which a Jewish court 
passes a sentence of death. Tam. 1. c.(in Chald. dict.)fia 





laXS FW . . . 8S*» W what must man do in order to 
live? .. Let him starve himself (his appetites). Ber. 63 b 
ST&0 lass n^aaUJ . . . n"*l *pat the words of the Law remain 
only with him who kills himself (denies himself all en- 
joyments) for its sake (with play on Num. XIX, 14); a. v. fr. 
Hof. nam to be put to death. Keth. 87 b rpD3 fWW 
those put to death by the sword. Snh. 55 b rTf^'J'WU'UJ 
are put to death on her account; a. fr. 

ITnZJ ch. same, v. n^a. 

n ]Q m. (b. h.; preced.) death. Ab. II, 4 tfP T2 . . .)>& 
~nia do not trust thyself (that thou wilt not sin) until 
thy dying day; Ber. 29 a . lb. 17 a HA Q^X 5)16 man's final 
destiny is death ; a. v. fr. — 'an "jxba (abbrev. a"na) the 
angel of death. Ab. Zar. 5\ Gen. R. s. 9 IKa STtS ITMTI 
a"na rlT 'and behold, it was very good' (Gen. I, 31) this 
refers to the angel of death; a. fr. 

DIG, SriQ I ch. same. Targ. Ex. X, 17. Targ. Jer. 
XI, 19 'at KaO poison; a. fr. — Targ. Y. Gen. XXXV, 18 
fern.— Sabb. 88 b 'al XaD, v. supra; Yoma 72 b .— Yeb. 63 a 
'aa ^pn !*W|i something harder than death. M.Kat. 28 b , 
v. B^Orl ; a. fr. 

tXTf\T2 II f. (-ny oath, v. wnaia. 

2i T 1I3,SDP1Q m. (2rv?)=h. 2ti3ia,sea£, dwelling; session. 
Targ.Ez.XLVilI,15. Targ. 0. Ex. XII, 42; a. fr.— B.Bath. 
165 b , a. fr. Xnbn anias in a session of three judges. Koh. 
R. to III, 6 [read :] '=1 ifrr^Hia )Vr? but' he assigned to them 
their place in a dark compartment of the ship; a. fr. — 
'a Una court, school. Bekh. 5 b PO*l 'a ifEQ in the Great 
College; Yalk. Ex. 224 nnnia. — PI. "pnnia, constr. Tarfa. 
Targ. Ez. XXXIV, 13.— [Targ. Y. I Deu't. XVIII, 8 tirVra, 

v. bOfria.] 

Sr^DplQ, constr. rfiDrriQ f. (preced.) settlement. 
Targ. Y. Num. XXI, 15 (some ed. niinia; h. textnsui). 

S33rrM2 m. (preced.) 1) residence. — PI. "pSSnia. Targ. 
Ex. X T , 23. lb. XXXV, 3 (Y. II "vna tV±); a. fr.— 2) seat, 
chair. — PI. as ab. Targ. II Esth. I, 2. 

Km™, v. annual. 

T : t : ■ 

X^mij, pi. wftmo. v. xbna. 

t: ■ 't-j* t : - 

"j^PQ m. (TWO) pestilence. Sifra B'huck. Par. 2, ch. IV 
(ref. to nfcna, Lev. XXVI, 16) 'a raa .... nbnaan nsa a 
plague which causes confusion among men, and which is 
that? It is the plague of pestilence (epidemic); Yalk. 
Lev. 673. 

fcOiTID ch. same. Targ. 0. Num. XVII, 15 (Y. fem., 
sub. rina). lb. XXXI, 16. Targ. Ps. LXXVIII, 50 Ms. (ed. 
tiniaa); a. fr.— Taan. 8 b , v. SUED. Snh. 29 a ; Yeb. 114 b 
(prov.) '31 'a nin *p«j aia a pestilence may last seven 
years, yet none dies before his time, a. e. — [Targ. Y. II 

Num. xxni, io. ya-nap "pania, read 'jfi ttniaj 
SDP1D rope, v. bttPO. 

m. pi. ch.=h. BWa, loins, sides. Targ.Y. Gen. 

XXI, 14.— Hull. 51 a tk fro WJPfew (Rashi: 'naa) they 
throw them so that they fall on their sides. 

SP3riQ f. pi. (?) = JOrVia. Targ. Y. Lev. XXVI, 16 
(ed. Amst. fctnama, corr. ace). 

"IFfi/G, v. ina. 

T "T 

111 l!Q m. (b. h.; *\ty*) remainder, surplus. Shek.IV,3 
'31 iTMtt Iriia what remains over of the surplus fund of 
&c. lb. 4. Men. 83 b nosn 'a what has not been used of 
the money (or the animals) dedicated for the Passover 
sacrifice; a. f r. — PI. rrhrria. Y. Yoma V, beg. 42 b ^fcOn 
'31 'an b9 Kin T'a (not K^3n) it is a silent agreement of 
the authorities that surpluses (from sacrificial appropri- 
ations) shall be applied to burnt-offerings. Sifra Tsav, 
Mill., end QiT^irYia their remnants. 

"THE), fcnSTC ch. 1) same. Targ. 0. Ex. XVI, 23. 
Targ. T Y. II Ex. XII, 34 (h. text -nlXUia); a. e.— Lev. R. s. 
34, end '31 "pba iwia ... 13 when she talked a surplus of 
words (more than necessai-y) on the Sabbath.— PL &t^rn"i?3, 
n^^nia. Num.R. s. 11 '31 'a p^K how many days (above 
3000) are there? — 2) superabundance. Targ. Is. I, 9. — 
3) preference, advance. Targ. Koh. II, 13 ; a. e. 

rDft? m. (b. h.; n31) attar. Zeb. V, 1, a. fr. ytimh 'a, 
v. ftitri Tam. Ill, 1, a. fr. ^a^sn 'a the inner altar (in 
the interior of the Temple).— Gitt. V, 5 'an "jipn i3Ba in 
order to prevent neglect of the altar. lb. 55 b lia&O xbttJ 
'31 bsiX 'a lest people say, the altar receives stolen goods. 
Ber. 55 a , v. 153. Gen. R. s. 80 T6fO p 'as as the altar, 
so are its priests; Y. Snh. II, end, 20 d ; a. v. fr. — Ab. Zar. 
53 b ; Tosef. ib. V (VI), 8, a. e. (of an idolatrous altar), v. 

wa^a.— P/. ninata. Lam. R. to 1, 16 nsaus nnaa isax i-n 

'31 'a behold, our mother built seven altars and offered 
seven children on one day (as martyrs of their faith). 
Num. R. s. 20; a. e. 

&s*2jD m., pi. ''Vfita (v. bat) foliage in a bag, bolster 
used by the shepherd; [Ar. short pieces of matting]. Succ. 
20 a , expl. ^3/ina, q. v. Ib. b ^3Ta Ms. M. (ed. nrbama). 

&02]D, r03JI3 m. fist) seller. Targ. Is. XXIV, 2 
(some ed. X3537a).— Y. B. Mets. V, beg. 10 a 'ab Tl -pTa -inii 
if prices rise above that, woe to the seller (on time). 
Esth. R. to III, 6 mjajab ni? ill (not WfiV) woe to him 
who sells it (the king's purple). Pesik. R. s.21, v. WOT II. 

&02£|£l, '5?^P same - Tar S- Ez.VII, 12, sq. (ed. 
Wil. 'niTa). 'Targ. II Esth. Ill, 11 ; a. e. 

AVD (denom. of Ma; b. h. T^a) to mix icine icith xcater, 
spices &c. ; to temper; in gen. to fill the cups, to offer drink. 
Ab. Zar. 58 b (to one who used 136a) 13Ta xaiNI why do 
you not say m'zago? Ib. 1*0$ WTOttJ **"• wine which a 
gentile mixed for drinking. Ib. 59 a '31 D"n33 IflTa"! Hlan 
wine which gentiles mixed and Jews drank. Pes. X, 2 
'31 D13 lb 13Ta they (the attendants) offer him the first 
cup &c. Num. R. s. 1 (ref. to Cant. VII, 3) ..Mia KWB "a 
'31 Mia . . (not aiTa) he who mixes wine properly, mixes 
one third wine with two thirds water; Tanh. B'midb. 4. 





Pes. VII, 13 VivA to serve the wine; a. fr. — Part. pass, a*i*a 
a) mured (wine), opp. "Tt. lb. 108 b . Neg. I, 2 lVi'3 'an f*0 
the color of red wine mixed with snow, v. TlPB. Nidd. 
II, 6 '~2 like mixed wine; expl. ib. 7 '21 BhpSTI "TO two 
thirds water &c, v. supra; Sabb. 75 a ; a. fr. — b) combined. 
Num. K. s. 2, beg. paWa..n'ia , lpa rVO in eighteen biblical 
passages are Moses and Aaron combined (the predicate 
being in the singular number as if they were one person). 

Nif. 3TO3 to be mixed. Y. Ab. Zar.V, 45 a bot. ;2 ': '-£X 
'2' 'Z~'S even if the quantity finally added to produce the 
required proportion was a permitted substance; Y. Orl. 
II, 62 b bot. 

Pi. art to clarify, make clear. Cant. B. to VII, 4 (play 
on art, ib.) the Sanhedrin '21 Maa XlSlUJ which makes the 
law clear for her (the congregation). 

1V2 ch. same. Targ. Y. Ex. XXX, 33 (h. text HpT). 
Targ. Prov. IX, 2. Targ. II Esth. I, 8 ; a. fr.— B. Mets. 60 a 
';■ ITO39CJ rfiTa he mixed it, (and) when he tasted it &c. 
rub.54 a '=*, n-? S"Hb Kp'1..r V T CH PM he found his servant 
hen he was about to mix the wine for him; St:x i-pa'a" 1 ^ 
will mix it myself; Ned. 55 a . Lam. E. to I, 1 •*&"! ("in 
'rN-6)(in an enigma) ""Si"? "pin two give drink(the breasts). 
Ex. E. s. 45 '21 "patO "pDK "pin two angry faces putting 
hot water into the drink !, i. e. one adding to the other's 
wrath, instead of placating; Midr. Till, to Ps. XXV, 4 
■-"- 'ptttta (corr. ace; cmp. Deut. R. s. 3). [Lev.E.s.28, 
end ITWO, v. -;x.] Gen. E. s. 63 (read:] , \»l ' >Lt\i ntQ, and 
tempered the bath before them (v. KSi); a e.— Part. pass. 
;-•':. X"rt. Yoma 81 b TOX "«a 'a Ar. (ed. Vita) did I say, 
'tempered' (vinegar)? 

Pa. V*Q same. Targ. Is. LXV, 11. 

Af. a"rtx same, esp. to mix drugs. Part. VTVfb apoth- 
ecary. Targ.Y. Ex. XXX, 25 [read:] *V XiV xa£2; ib.35 
(h. text r-"-i). 

ATZj ^-W) -J pr. n. M'zag (Mizgag), eponymous hero 
of a tribe answering to Mazices, Mazyes (Maxyes) in 
Northern Africa (v. Sm. Greek a. Eoman Geogr. s. v. 
Mauretania). Targ.Y. Gen. X,7 ; Targ. I Chr. 1,9 (ed. Lag. 
Sa»B); ib. 32 (h. text pH). 

A}U m. (b. h.; M5T, cmp. TOO fr. "Ha) [clearing, refin- 
ing; fr. which 57*3 to clear (dark) wine by dilution &c.,] 
1) mixture. Sifra Vayikra, N'dab., Par. 5, ch.VII 'an XP 
not in a mixture of water and wine. Nidd. II, 7 (19 a ) 'a2l 
Y. a. Bab. ed. (Mish. aiTas), v. Staj Y. ib. II, 50 b top 'asi 

jpTOB rt»ha Sift X2X (not^atani) 'and like mixed 

wine', says Abba . . ., like a cup filled with mixed wine, 
seen from without (through the glass). Bab. ib. 20 a VT1 
'a - except the discharge which has the color of a mix- 
ture of one third wine &c. ; a. e. — 2) temperament, dis- 
position. Gen. E. s. 28 ;i . . . . feta (not irm) the king's 
disposition is bad (he is illiberal). 

w?^ : - I, } U, £SJ V2 ch. same, mixed wine, drink. 
Targ. Prov. XXIII, 30'arvd drinking house (h.text~Oaa).- 
Ned.55 a '2- Tffi'ia -"in this prepared wine tastes like that 
prepared by &c; Erub.54 a '21 X3"rt *XH VX B.Mets.60 a 'a 
ST STa TH wine which I mixed is easily distinguished 

! (because I make it very weak).— Trnsf. Naban 'a the 
banquet of the world, the needs of life. Cant. E. to VII, 
4; [Matt. K. : X5rt the butler of the world (the Lord)].— 
PI "J'2, v. next w. 

M5)I2 II or S5)2 I m. (cmp. KTTOR) crystal, glass. 
Yoma 35 b 'an Klarb as the wine shines through a glass 
cup (be it ever so thick). — PI. ^ata or ^sna. B. Bath. 73 b 
Knam'a "nn(Bashb. tO, v. Eabb.D.S. a. 1. note 300) two 
cups of wine. [Y. Nidd. II, 50 b top '21 SOX "Waal, v. ata.] 

5SiJ|U II pr.n. pi. 3fa2ya. Gen. E.s.34, end; Yalk.Gen, 
61 'art... ',n rt where are you from? Said they, from 
Mazga. Ib. '21 'a rt D^M SOX I am a scholar from M., 
and it contains no more than two stands (for students). 

&W5D m., v. KSta. 

t: t »» • 

5tf 3 V2 {., tfTVZ'n 12 (a;a) Wine-Mixer, name of an un- 

t: t t : - v - . 

clean bird ; 'n 'a to Little Wine-Mixer, name of a clean 
bird. Hull. 62 b , sq. 

JSJE, v. ara. 

^T]}12 m. (an;) seed. Targ. Y. Gen.IV, 3, v. S^iII. 

HlD I (b. h.) = ttj rtft what is this? Tanh. Sh'moth 
23 (ref. to Ex. IV, 2) '21 fift 3VO ilrt -JTO 'a 'what is 
this in thy hand?' It may be read mizzeh, out of that 
which is in thy hand thou deservest punishment. 

t nU II m. (!it:) the priest appointed to do the sprink- 
ling (Num. XIX, Vl). Tosef. Par. XU (XI), 12. — Trnsf. 
priest, man of distinction. Y. Ber. IV, 7 d top 'a xiiTjj rt 
'21 iTP *o "p let him sprinkle (occupy the office) who is 
a sprinkler, son of a sprinkler (a scholar of scholarly an- 
cestrj-); dare he who is neither himself a sprinkler .... 
say to him who is . . . ., Thy water is plain cave water, 
and thy ashes mere ashes from the stove (thy decisions 
are of no legal value)?; Y. Taan. IV, 67 d ; Ber. 28 a ; cmp. 

TO = It ha what is this? why is this? Y. Ab. Zar. Ill, 
43 b ; ib. IV, 44 b top. 

HMte, v. mm*. 

T T : : t t : - : 

WlTS m. (art) wine-mixer, butler. Targ.Y. Gen. XL, 
5; a.e. — Y. Sabb. I, 3 a hot.— PI. X-lirt. Targ.Y. Gen. 
XL, 1 ; a. e. 

71 \'\]72 or I l~"^2 f. (v. nil) travelling bag contain- 
ing provision &c. Kel. XX, 1 Mish. ed. (Talm. ed. ITrvra, 
Willi, corr. ace; ed. Dehr. rrnTT3,'Var. in Maim. Jllia). 

ri| ? J)C f. (b. h. ; rff=im ; cmp. Xllp [coupling, set,] door- 
frame, esp. door-post. Kidd. 22 lj (ref. to Ex. XXI, 6) PiVl 
'21 "HTJ l^ilia 'ai door and post were my witnesses in Egypt 
(ib. XII, 23) when I passed . . . and said, my servants are 
the sons of Israel and not servants of servants &c. Ib. 




'31 lOtW 'a na as m'zwzaA is used only of what is in a 
standing position, so is here deleth meant of the door in 
its position. Men. 34 a WlK 'ab where there is only one 
door-post; a. e.— PL nillia. Mekh.Bo.s. 11 ; a.e.— Esp. m'za- 
zah (Deut. VI, 9 ; XI, 20) the inscription on the door-pout 
(a slip of parchment containing Deut. VI, 4—9, a. XI, 
13—21). Pes. 4 a '21 Tin rain 'a to fasten the m. at the 
door is the tenant's duty (not the owner's). Men. 44 a 
'an "ja -liBB requires no m. lb. innsa 'a lb "pNIU \o he 
who has no m. at his door. lb. 34 a nnx 'aa a^n is bound 
to have one m. at the door; a. v. fr.— Y. Meg. IV, 75 c bot. 
S btiJ iW^hd n^a the case of the m. in the house of Rabbi. 
— Yoma 11' *TTP htWO the m. in a private house. — PL as 
ab. Men. 1. c. *a inira a^Tl must have two door-post in- 
scriptions ; Yoma 1. c. ; a. fr. 

^rin?Q ch. same, door-post; door-post inscription. 
Targ. Ps. CXXI, 5 '3V'a bbaa *,a ed. Lag. (missing in oth. 
ed.) for the sake of the ni'zuzah &c. Targ.Y. Deut. XX, 
5 ; a. e. — Men. 33 a 'a *b sap fasten the m'zuzah for me. — 
Ab. Zar. 1 l a '31 'a Xtn saw the inscription at tbe entrance ; 
a. e.—PL WJWW, pJWRJ, ftWtB. Targ. Lam. 11,9 (h. text 
'n-'-Q). Targ! Deut. VI, 9; a.e.— [Targ. I Sam. I, 9 "nwo }», 
missing in ed. Lag.] 

arrDira, aroto * **&** q . v. 

t • : t t : T ! • 

jlTD m. (b. h. ; "IT) /bod, sustenance ; meaZ; alimentation. 
Erub.III, 1 '31 'an "ja "ilisn he who vows abstinence from 
mazon (nourishment) is permitted to partake of water 
and salt. lb. 30 s ; Ber. 35 b '31 'a ilpi&t abl Kin nbai tra 
only water and salt are not called mazon, but all other 
food is included in mazon; Gen.R. s.94, beg. Eiub. VIII,2 
nniSO '3 'a food for two meals. Ber. VIII, 8 'an inxb 
for the after-meal (dessert). lb. 'an bs "paa he says the 
grace after meal. lb. 5 '21 'ai 13 the benediction for the 
light, then for the meal, then for the spices &c; Pes. 103 a . 
—'an roia, v. ^a.— Ber. VI, 8 isiTa aim and this was 
his meal.— Y. Yeb. XV, 14 d bot. nisahl ftVHft "a the ali- 
mentation of wife and daughters (after a man's death). 
lb. VII, 8 a bot. 'j'f+tima ni;an 'a the obligation to support 
the daughters from a man's estate is a Rabbinical enact- 
ment; a. fr. — PL ni:iTa. Ber. 35 b 'a ^na SOia (abbrev. 
a"aa) (Blessed be he) who created various kinds of food. 
Keth. IV, 6 ma 'aa a^n bound to support his daughter. 
lb. XI, 2 'a n? "pX she cannot claim alimentation. lb. 3 
" i ni2a 'ab I have sold (a portion of my widowhood) for 

my support. lb. xii, 2 'a iai 'a nb wia bsan her 

husband supports her, and they (the heirs) must give her 
the equivalent of her support; a. fr. 

"jijQ, fcO"ftQ ch. same. Targ. 0. a. Y. I Deut. XXIV, 6. 
Targ. Y. I Gen. Ill, 18; a. fr. — Ber. 44 a , v. BOW I. — PL 
•p:STa, Hj%a. Y. B. Bath. IX, beg. 16 d 'a nb mbshe cannot 
claim alimentation. Keth. 65 a 'a ib plOB decree aliment- 
ation to be given me (by my husband's heirs). Bets. 16 a 
Kin 'ai wert pn i^Tfl that this hok (Ps. LXXXI, 5) 
means sustenance; a. e. 

PirmjE, v. sniJt. 

SrpJITE, HITO"^ f.( support, com fort. 
Gen. R. s. 48 (ret to Gen. XVIII, 5) N3bl 'a SffB bread 
is the comfort of the heart; Yalk. Gen. 82; Yalk. Jud. 75 
xnwa (corr. ace). 

NDljE m.(S]r : ) creditor. Targ.Ps.CIX, 11 (Ms.NS/na). 

fctTpSfi'TQ I f. (preced.) loan ; 'a "Hfl creditor. Targ. 
Ps. LXV1, 12." Targ.Y. Deut. XV, 2 (ed. Amsterd. Nnsiia). 

SrPDTO, NrPSilH II f. (qti) threatening, rebuke, 
wrath. Targ. 0. Deut.' XXVIII, 20 'a ed. Berl. (oth. ed. a. 
Y. 'a, 'a). Targ. Ps. XVIII, 9. Targ. Is. XXX, 17 ; a. fr. 

fctHDiTQ, v. Krpsma I. 

""1"15Q m. (b. h.; Ill or Tit) compress. Y. Sabb. II, 5 a 
top 'a nxiDSU) "raa Kb. . .'a njXlES if he had made a compress 
out of it, it would have been clean; now that he soaked 
it in oil, is it not the same as if he had made it a com- 

i \~T\)12 m. ch. (v. preced.) an implement for mashing 
olives T &c. Y. Sabb. XVII, 16 b top; Y. Bets. I, 60 c , v. KT*t, 
—PL "nita. Sabb. 123 a . 

TTW2, Kei. xx, i, v. mita. 

9 /J tt : * 

)TD, TTQ, v. lata, lata. 

"^< n ^^ f - &$) (fitter, spout. B. Bath. II, 5 fp"WW 
'31 'an ",a . . . you must build your wall at a distance of 
four cubits from your neighbor's spout, so that he can 
put up a ladder (to repair it). lb. 22 b TOSHUa 'a an in- 
clined spout (under which people can pass). lb. 59 a 'a 
■pa bll) a spout made of masonry. ' Tosef. Toh. IX, 15 'an 
'31 hPVflD nn^nia a spout which an unclean person broke 
apart while it was receiving and discharging liquids; 
a. fr. 

"'TQ pr. n. pi. Mazi, near Tyre (v. Hildesh. Beitr., p. 27, 
note 192). Y. Dem. II, 22 (1 top ; Tosef. Shebi. IV, 7 ywta 
ed. Zuck. (Var. f^tq, b^ta). 

#yi2, Wl]T2, fcOpQ m. collect, noun (XT, cmp. Ktia; 
Syr. pi. Kta, p T .Sm. 2064) Vtair. Targ.Y. Deut. XXI, 12.— 
Naz. 39 a '31 'a Tan (Rashi WO'a) does hair grow from 
beneath or from above?— Meg. 18 a n^taa "jsna nin was 
busying himself with his hair; R. Hash. 26 b Ms. M. (ed. 

ninsira). Ned. 50 a . Snh. no a top n^tab nnnno she 
loosened her hair. lb. to^nab ftfy V**} he cut your hair 
off (shaved you all over). Yeb.ll6 b Tpta "nnD loosen thy 
hair. Ab. Zar. 75 a 'a"l (filters made) of human hair. — 
[Targ. Is. Ill, 20 iOOa tablp ("jablp ed. Lag. ), Var. UO DaDa^p, 
btHbata blp, Ar. 'atabp, read: N^a ^CiaJlp hair-pins (h. 
text EnittJp; LXX ifxirXoxiov; cmp. LXX Ex. XXXV, 22.] 


t • : 'i ■ 

n^jQ I pr. n. pi., v. nnsa. 

n^" 1 ^ II f. (ata) mixing the wine, offering drink. 




Sabb. VIII, 1 0l3n rA5/*ia "''is as much wine as is required 
for a cup (of benediction) to be mixed with water. Keth. 
61 a VQtl '3 offering the wine cup (by the wife). Tosef. 
Sot. I, 2 Oirn 'a ">13 as much time as is required for pre- 
paring a cup of wine; Y. ib. 1, 16 c bot.; Bab. ib. 4 a ; a. fr. 


N n "2, v. vefta. 

E*j v. ■'jo. 

~"~'Y2 ($11) frightening demons. Targ. Y. Num. 
VI, 24.' 

DVQ'TD, Yalk. Prov. 935, v. Jpffn. 

' t : • 

p"2 m. (pj:) one ?dio does damage, destroys, wastes. 
Yoma80 b , sq. 'Xii BIS ;3S<- "O 'if he eats' (Lev. XXII, 14) 
which excludes him who wastes (by eating excessively). — 
In gen. 'a(n) the offender that occasioned damage, opp. 
pr: the injured claimant. B. Kam.I, 2; a. fr.— PI. D^ra, 
nr*Q. Ib. Ill, 11, v. pT3. — Gen. B. s. 54 ITVq TJ-ffg the 
annoyances of one's house (flies &c). — Esp. demons. Ber. 
3 a , sq. '3n ">3Ea on account of the demons (dwelling in 
ruins). Num. R. s. 12, beg.; a. fr. 

p 1*2, wNp - j2 ch. same, esp. demon. Targ. Cant. VIII, 
3.— Kidd. 29 l ^"'-2in . . . 'a Xinn mn there was a demon 
dwelling in Abbayi's school house. — PI. X^p" 1 *^, "pjahjc, 
-p-fr. Targ. Job V, 7. Targ. Ps. LXXXIX^ 33 (ed. Lag. 
'tia); a. e.— Hull. 105 b 'a TTOWl tflWH because demons 
frequent there ; a. e. 

Itf ?P"J2 f. (v. xp^t H) irrigating channel (h. nssn). 
Targ. I Kings XVIII, 32; 35 (ed. Wil. Xn£ . . . ). Targ. 
H Kings XVIII, 17 ; Targ. Is. VU, 3. 

apTft], v. M^ija. 

2l2 m. (b.h. ;?T3,cmp. Arab. wa«2i^hospitium)[sf afion 
o/ £Ae stars,] constellation of the Zodiac; in gen. planet. 
Gen. E. s. 10 '31 131?n laiatt) 'a Br there is a planet that 
finishes its circuit in thirty days . ., in twelve months &c. 
Ib. '31 '-2 . . . rYlVra S" 1 ' TDbna n513 the Venus passes the 
twelve constellations in ten months, requiring for each 
station twenty five days; a. fr. — PI. rtWO. Ib. Ber. 32 b 
'31 'a "ICS f^ffi I have created twelve stations in the 
heavens, and for each station I have appointed thirty 
legions (of stars), v. SOOCa. Tosef. ib. VII (VI), 6 . . nxiin 
["f ~cr] 'an rxi he who sees the sun, the moon and the 
stars and planets in their original position (at the end 
of a lunisolar period). Sabb. 75 a '31 rMftlptl SlWtl the cal- 
culation of periods and constellations. Gen. B.s. 25; Y. Pes. 
1, 27 b top 'SI 'an Iffiao X? the planets did no service during 
the year of the flood ;'ai tSKXSP& T3.1S (abbrev. C"l3r) 
idolater, v. ~cr, a. i~nl33\ — Trnsf. (astrology) constellation 
at one's birth, planet, destiny; guardian angel, angel of 
destiny. Gen. B. s. 10 -1 'a 15 f»6WJ .... 3T3? jib "p "f^ 
there is not an herb which has not a planet in heaven 
that strikes it and says, Growl — Sabb. 156 a D'P ?$a XP 

'31 nsUJ 'a bill not the day's planet, but the constellation 
of the hour (of birth) has influence. Ib. '31 B^sna *a the 
planet (of birth) makes wise, rich &c. Ib. bxiHT? 'a "pX 
Israel is not dependent on nativity; a. v. fr. 

m * 

>l2) ff*>i2 ch. 1) same, planet, constellation; luck. 
Targ. Y. Num. XXXIII, 45 'a ro (h. text na). Targ. Y. 
I Gen. XXX, 11. Targ. Koh. IX, 3 XBTV 'a bad luck; a. fr.— 
Sabb. 53 b , a. fr. 'a tvb I"PiO BIX man has a guardian angel 
(chance of recovery from a disease fatal to beasts). Taan. 
29 b frt*9 y*l his luck is shaky (bad), opp. tvfatQ 8013. 
Koh. B. to VII, 15, a. e. 'a sneip, v. 3>BB; a. v. fr. — PI. 
X"*5$a, xrtta. Targ.Y. Num. VH, 84. — Targ. Is. XLVII, 
13 TOW (constr.; ed. Ven. I nibja h. form).— Targ. Koh. 
VII, 15. Ib. IX, 2;— Sabb.l46 a lin Wrt*q pH^jJO) 
their guardian angels were present (at the giving of the 
Law).— 2) (Ms. X5ta) fortune, possession. Targ. Ps. CXII, 3. 
Targ. Prov. VUI, 18 (ed. Lag. X'VJtB, pi.); a. e., v. xb"iia. 

3k ] 

N~l2> pi. X">*5*a m. (?t3) running motion. Pes. 40 a 

'31 W»ift 3.3.X ?3 T Ar. (ed. in^'sna; Ms. M. HTHflR; Ms. 
M. 2 a. Ms. O. in-w^Pa; v. Babb. D.S. a.l. note) as long as 
the liquids are in motion (boiling), they do not create fer- 
mentation; v. X2T3. 

&OJ2, v. m&b 2. 

t: ■" - 

J5J2 or A >}2 m.(b. h.; art) [dripper,] fork for taking 
meat out of the caldron. Kel. XIII, 2 £*1 ''-"3 (not f&on) 
if the forked head of the soup-ladle is broken off, v. 
yhBO^ail ; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. Ill, 6.— Sabb. XVII, 2 (122 b ), 
v. ta'~a. 

fctm"TQ, Targ.Y. II Ex. XIV, 25, v. BtrtWJ. 

"i"— 12J2 m. pi. (='Btata, transpos. of mat, v. *T**Bls 
cmp. S»W for asttS ; as to Bt for tt cmp. X^C*?, X^BtltS) 
music, siceet melodies. Targ. Job XXXVI, 11 (Ms. X^^02; 
h. text Diaisa). — Hebr. constr. iBiata. Hag. I4 b * ( nn 'a 
M?31 the musical entertainments at a wedding (Y. ib. II, 
77 a bot. -jp.n twb ftfWP ~r"- "-33). 

"112)2 m. (b. h.; "iat) soh#, ^saJm. Lev. B. s. 10 'an 
'31 Bnx htn this psalm (Ps. XCH) was composed by Adam. 
Midr.Till. toPs. IV; a. fr.— PI. niniata, Cniata, "plat a. 
Y. Ber. IV, 7 d bot.; Y. Taan. II, 65 c top '31 '3 ir* 1333 
corresponding to the eighteen psalms &c. Y. Sabb. XVI, 
15 c ; Treat. Sof'rim ch. XVI, 11 'a . . . nxa one hundred 
and forty seven psalms (Pss. I and II, IX and X, XLII 
and XLIII forming severally one psalm). Lev.B. s.4 nX3 
'31 lax 'a Cflffil (notQ^llUSl) one hundred and two psalms 
had David composed (up to Ps. CIV, counting Ps. I and 
II, Ps. XLH and XLIII severally one psalm, v. Ber. 9 b 
bot., a. Var. in Ms. M. in Babb. D. S. a. 1., a. Yalk. Ps. 
862); a. fr. 

5$"112J2 ch. same. Lev.B. s. 34 'a"! X3^3S nVl31 and 
the entire' contents of the psalm (CIX). — P/."p*llata. Koh. 
E. to VII, 8 '31 '3 "piax T&W the ones recited psalms, 
the others alphabetic acrostics; Buth. B. to III, 13; Yalk. 
Koh. 974 IBPWBU. 




TDV2 (Pilp. of Wo) to soften. 

Nikpalp. WJ?rq to be softened. Hull. 45 b blOfi dadatt) 
11133 '3 if the spinal cord is a pulpy mass, the animal is unfit, 
if merely softened, it is fit for food (Kasher). Tosef.ib. 111,1 
nma ntaTanSli: an animal whose brain is softened ; quot- 
ed Hull. he. '31 T3Tan3U3 Fiona, and corrected into dadaro. 
lb. (in Chald. diet.) "pTl tWRQ '3 this man's brain is 

V2y!2, Ithpalp.V$vrw,rv3li2T}itch.s&me. Targ.Y.IGen. 
\ XXllI, 4 ITTa'tansa which became soft (that they could 
not bite). Targ. Job XXVI, 5 •pTaTarra softened (decayed 
in the ground). 

"P2J2> Targ. Prov. V, 19 some ed., read: 'jpt. 

fcOHJQ m.()v]) he who invites; host. Ned.24 a — [KSJpro, 
pi. obutar. *Pf&!t v - W! M 

&TOEJD, v. «^5 end. 

fc^HENQ m. pi. (h. rmWO ; T01 I) snuffers. Targ. I Kings 
VII, 50 ; a. e. 

m \\2V2 m. (denom. of *ftVQ ; cmp. fbl* I ; Hai G. : denom. 
of )l) 'Bh "wan a jpZate urcift mowy partitions (each of 
which, if separated, may be a receptacle). Kel.XVI, 1. 

^BXD tlfliy loan. Targ. Y. Deut. XXIII, 20. lb. XXIV, 
10 ttrtTB (some ed. 'io). 

fctrSPlfTQ f-fapt) brushing up an animal's hair to give 
it a delusive appearance of fatness. B. Mets. 60 ,J (expl. 

■ p e ff TPa). 

™)$I3 (sec. r. of *», 151) /o ^isf yarn. Sot. VI, 1 IS 
n3333 niina . . . IXttPTU until the women twisting yarn by 
moonshine talk of her; ib.6 b . Y. ib.VI.beg. 20 d 'jftW £« 
'31 rYWna .... n^X r tf Htfia we read mots'roth, some read 
moz'roth; he who reads mots'roth ia2> "jisa means 'they 
twist wool'; he who reads moz'roth means, 'they spin flax 
yarn', v. **$.— {PHWO, t&iVKt, v. lit.] 

Pi. ita to weave over, cover with a web. Gen. R.s. 10 

(ref. to niija, Job xxxvni, 32) mirim n« 'njaatt ifoh bta 

it is the planet that covers the fruits with webs (cmp. 


n™llD m. (b. h.; nit) winnowing fan. Kel. XIII, 7; 
T'bul Yom IV, 6. TosefcKel. B. Bath. VII, 3. SifraB'huck. 
Par. 2, eh. VI; a. e. 

rfFl^2 f. pi. (b. h.) mazzaroth, name of a constellation 
of stars. Gen. R. s. 10, v. 1T& 

n"l|Q m. (b.h.; nit) swnme,.Eas<. Men.ll0 a "WJlpa 
'Q '•fe from Carthagene eastward. Tam. I, 3 'an "pi 
in an eastern direction. lb. 4 11533 3113 inita? east of the 
bridge. Ib. II, 4 nnita facing east, lb. Ill, 2 ; Yoma III, 1 
'an 33 i3B, v. IlKl. — Sabb. 156 b (Chald. diet.) Waplai 
•SO n^3 and I will place it in the eastern horizon; a. fr. 

. ^nnjQ m. (preced.) eastern. Tam.VI, 1 'an the eastern- 
most light on the candle-stick; a. fr. — PI. BfsrtWtt. lb. 

'a tiro i31!3 (Talm. ed.d^dlSJO) the two easternmost lights. 
Gen. R. s. 43, beg. 'a 3U3 33? the heart of the eastern 
kings (Gen. XIV, 1); Yalk. Is. 311 d^mta (corr. ace.).— 
Fern, tttrm. Tarn. IV, 1 n'yiBX 'a )*p the north-eastern 
corner of the altar. Zeb.V, 3; a. ir.—Pl. ni*nita. Tam. 
Ill, 9 (Talm. ed. rvmta, Var. n"012>a); a. e. 

D"Hn2 m. pi. Mzarim, name of a constellation of 
stars (those scattering the clouds, v. nit). Targ. Job 

|"H)Dj v. next w. 

"pfQ, "PT^ m - C^V?) 9^ 1 , sira P °f clot h whuh M 
wound over Ave bed to keep the covering in position, 
Maim.; [Hai G. a. Ar.: (fr. ita to spread under) a sort of 
carpet under the mattress; v., however, Tosef. quot. bel.]. 
— Kel. XIX, 3 '31 XXl^n 'a a piece of the girth hanging 
from the bed. lb. 'a "TUB remnants of a torn girth. lb. 4 
'an 3251 ... XWi was carried (in his bed) by the bed and 
by the girth (the carriers holding the ends of the strap), 
lb. 5, sq.; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. IX, 6. '31 13 "p3a »inw 'a 
the girth which one ties around the bed. Ib. "pita ed. 
Zuck. (corr. ace). 

P""WQ m. (b.h. ; p"ni) the boivl out of which the sprink- 
ling is' done. Yoma IV, 3 '31 '»3 33p received the blood 
in the bowl. Num. R. s. 13 ntt)3Vi 1533 'a the bowl is 
typical of the dry land; a. v. fr. 

p"TO, K|5n?n, ; ~P;)D ch. 1) same. Targ. O. Num. 
VII, 13 'ta edLBerl. (Mss. 'ta, 'i-ta; Y. Kp-p-ta, pita); a. 
fr.— PL N*p1ta, "yvn. Targ. O. Ex. XXVII, 3 'pl^-ta ed. 
Berl. (Y.'*Wn). Targ. Zech. XIV, 20.— 2) blood-vessel, 
jugular vain. — PI. h pita, "fa, "v^a the neck ivith the 
jugular veins. Hull. 93 b ; Pes. 74 b *tm Ib. (used as a 
sing.) '31 n^3nn 'a -pi (missing in Ms. M.) and so the 
neck-piece, if he cut it &c. 

TT\)T2, Tosef. Men. XI, 2, read: tiffoi 

Sna I, $RD I, v.-im h. a. eh.- |>na, Targ. Is. XIX, 
10, Var/ed. Lag. ana, read: itna her water, v. iia.J 

fctTO II f. OTiall) stroke, plague. Targ.Ex.VHI, 15 — 
Constr. nna, nna, pi. *,na, v. MTTja. 

KTO II m. (preced.) whip. Targ. Nah. Ill, 2. 

nSlHQ f. (nna) protest to prevent the claim of un- 
disturbed possession (v. nptn). B. Bath. 38 a , a. e. K?W 'a 
'a SOin I^SSS a protest (before witnesses) in the absence 
of the usurper is a legal protest (prevents the claim of 
undisturbed possession being recognized). Ib. b "^al *a"9\ 
'31 'a what is a legal protest? If he merely says, This 
man is a robber, it is not a legal protest. Ib. 39 b , sq. 'a 
'31 "pXI diStt) ^SSS a protest is valid, if made in the presence 
of two witnesses, nor is it necessary to say, Write; i. e. 
they may write a document to that effect without being 
especially authorized; a. fr. 

fcOriQ I m. (b. h. ; son) hiding place in times of war 
&c. Nidd.IV, 7. Tosef. Yeb. XII, 4; Yeb. 99 a 'a3 . . . 113^ 
gave birth to two children (each to one child) in a hiding 




place (so that the motherhood of each child could not 
be ascertained). 

NDnE II, (SlSriQ) f. (preced.) a rod with tvhich 
hidden olives are knocked down (Maim.); [the working 
men searching after the hidden olives (other comment.)]. 
Peah VII, 2 'an -|bni»a (Bart. KianaTl ; Ms. M. -fbnniUa) 
from the time the mahdbe is gone; Y. ib. 20 a hot. nsbn 
'an (ed. Ven. SiV*l); expl. 13"cn ns TWVV (v. ia"tt2) 
•when he lays down the searching rod ; v. next w. 

sinnam., ntfnnqi, rptannM^Mnai. 

Keth. 27 a ' nnx nxiana tW ttP EX If there was only one 
hiding place (where the troops did not enter) ; Y. Gitt. 

in, 45 a top n^iana air ?vn (read nrvn).— Pi. a-wiana, 
B^arta, 'piana (b. h. a^ana). y. Keth. n, 26 d air m, 

'a v. supra.— Men. 63 a (play on ronajabfl "Wfattffl* SOnsO 
it atones for the hidden (sinful) thoughts of the heart. — Y. 
Peah VII, 20 a bot. (expl. 1313 a. rfO*0 as a substitute for 

Nana II) 'an nx -riaa xinm (not i^iaa) for it (the rod) 
causes the hidden olives to fall off. — 2) = Nana II, q. v. 

*nSi3naiI,i»i.D' 1 SiDrrQ m. (homiletic trans- 
pos. of *naa, as if from n35) bursting forth, idle talk. Men. 
63 a (play on nana) tiZti ^anais SW^n it atones for the 
outbursts of the mouth, Vfla? na?a ilDlHX "i*iaxl3 (Ar. ed. 
Koh. s. v. nn2 : Tlianaa Kp, prob. to be read WW33 naa Xp) 
as people say 'he blabs'. [Our w. seems to be a corrupt, 
for ''MSa, formed like Waa, fr. naD.] 

S ^ UnZQ m. (aan) stick for beating cumin &c. Targ. 
Is. XXVIlf; 27. 

KESriD, v . arm 

T : : - t : : - 

5iin?2 m. (ban) destroyer, esp. (= nban "j&tba) mes- 
senger of injury. — PI. B">bana, yfcana. Num. E. s. 14. Ib. 
s. 20; a. e. 

S^nD ch. same. Targ.Y. II Ex. IV, 25. 

SD5SI1/Q m. (preced.) destroyer. Targ. Prov. XVIII, 9 ; 
XXVIIl/24. : 

XFi^SniZl f. (ban Pa.) travailing woman. Koh. E. to 
III, 2 '3*1 &«3lbaa VNrn 'a nb fWB )th» she is called 
tn'habbalta (v. ban 1), because she is pledged in the hands 
of death (with ref. to Ex. XXII. 25). Gen. E. s. 60, v. 

KtY^n II. 

fOriD f. (b. h., v. tfWSrt) pan. Men. V, 8 fa 'an 
FftiS nV the mahdbath has no lid ; '31 nBS 'a the m. is 
flat, and what is baked in it is a thick mass (contrad. to 
nirn-a); Sifra Vayikra, N'dab., Par. 10, ch. XII; Lev.E. 
s. 3; a. e. 

l-inD m. ("ttn) the rope around the neck of the animal 
tied to the ivagon (Hai G. a. oth.) ; [the pin fastening the 
yoke to the pole to prevent the wagon from vacillating 
(being ISn), Maim.]. Kel. XIV, 4. 

IS j5lJU m. (v. preced.JilfAa^ra (girdler(?) or the lame 
one (?) j. Yeb. 116 a surname of one Anan bar Hiya of Ne- 

n nriD, Targ.Y. II Num. XXXIV, 6, v. Ktfria. 

mo, v. ina. 

T T 

^lllE, v. anna. 

T : - t : - 

•nllD m. (35n) draining figures in the air, gesture. 
Ber. 46 b ''aa Trb iina he talks to him by gestures. Hag. 

5 b 'ai 'aa n^b una "»hb 2Hi xbi toaa (differ, in Ms. m., v. 

Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) should a man who knows not what 
they indicate to him in gestures hold converse in signs 
before the King? 

SliriQ, S]TO f. (Kin) indication, sign. — PI. 
WW lyrp, STJTBTD, wn ftta . Targ!Y. Deut. XXIX, 1. Targ. 
JobX, 17. '[Targ. Y^Deut. XXIX, 21, read: Kniina, v. 

T-: - J 

SrVOTlnQ f. (preced.) indication; 'a la the officer 
of a community who indicates the boundaries of properties; 
topographical engineer. B. Bath. 68 a , sq. (Var. in Mss. 
'?ina, 'pina; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 400). 

"ninno^nn.minn, ficminn, v. ■«* wi. 

■•-: t : : t: — : - t» - 

SmiPlD, v. anna, a. arna. 

t r : - t -. -' t -:- 

> iMaJ m.(b.h.; tin, ttn,cmp. tsu,evo:, templum; Assyr. 
mahaza town, Del. Hebr. Langu. p. 62) harbor, market- 
place (cmp. Ber. 57 a identifying Ttt with Tina, Ps. CVII, 
30), esp. Mahoz, prob. a coast district. Arakh. Ill, 2; 
Tosef. ib. II, 8 xtina; v. nbin. 

I T T t - 

jShMjQ ch. same, 1) harbor, trading place. Targ. Ps. 
CVIlI 30. — PI. fTina. Targ.Y. I Num. XXXIV, 6 "MHO 
C^na) its harbors (or trading places; Y. II ilina, ">1"ina, 
corr. ace). Targ. Lam. II, 19; IV, 1 (h. text niSin). Targ. 
O. Num. XXII, 39 ^nirina mip (h. text nisn) his city of 
markets. Targ. Job V, 10. — 2) in gen. large town (="p3). 
Tam. 32 b . Sabb. 12 a 'a "ia city people, opp. XHibpn "WJ. 
Ber. 37 b , opp. itibpft.— PI. ^tina. B. Bath. 73 b .— Esp. pr. 
n. pi. Mahoza, a) a district in Palestine, v. preced. — b) Ma- 
hoza {M'huza), a large Jewish trading town on the Tigris. 
Targ. Esth. VIII, 15(?).— Ber. 59 b . Yoma 11* Sabb. 95 a ; 
a. v. fr. 

ncSnllQ m. (preced.) 1) belonging to harbors or trad- 
ing places.— PI. "Wina. Targ. II Esth. VIII, 13.— 2) of 
Mahoza, v. nxDtina. 

n ]pHQ m. (preced. wds.) of Mahoz. Mekh. B'shall. s. 3 
Abba Jose 'an of Mahoz. 

!SrP]nnQ f. ch. a woman of Mahoza.— PI. KrWina. 
Kidd. T 72 b 'a -ona xnnx aas^ab Asheri (ed.'a xnnst Eashi 
'aa xnnx) to marry one of those Mahoza women. 

nSDJIriQm. (preced.) of Mahoza. Erub. 57 a ; Yalk. 





Num. 787. Sabb. 87 b ; B. Kam. 72 a . Mace 18\ Gitt, 85''; 

Kidd. 6 b wwnrm.— V. nxtin n. 

"R FlQ m. pi. (tfin) idolatrous oracles. Targ. Hos. Ill, 4 
(h. text t^Bin). Cmp. X11JTQ. 

"^tlD m. (nna) 1) dissolved, watery. Y. Naz. VII, 
56 b , v. bnia. — Trnsf. wasted by dissipation. Esth. R. to 
II, 3.-2) blotted out. Yeb. 24 a (ref. to Deut. XXV, 6) taifi 
'a lattJUJ D^DS excluding the eunuch whose name is any- 
how blotted out; Y. ib. IV, 5 C top 'a lOWtt) nt NS^ (not 
IdlU )"<tiW). Ib. 'a lattJttJ nx he whose name would other- 
wise be blotted out. V. nna. 


v. isin^a. 

^rS^TO f. pi. =nxria, protests. B. Bath. 39 b &HH 
i"iinab T/ a T n^ (Ms. R. Dtrma, Ms. H. nxna, v. Rabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 60) had need to deposit a protest. 

rpnEl I m.^inil) laughter; obscenity. Sabb.64 a Ms. 
M.; Yalk. Num. 786, v. 1ft1% 

?j1nQ II, ^DlriQ m. ch. (v. 1$n I) gold hooks over 
the female bosom (h. rfltt). Targ. O.Ex. XXXV, 22 (ed. 
Amst.^na); Num. XXXI, 50.— Sabb. 64 a 'p'VDJMRffl V*! 
'a that is the reason why the Biblical tal3 is rendered in 
the Targum with mahokh (obscenity, v. preced.), v. "IT 1 ?. 
— PL TWBTJJ, K*3ina. Targ. Y. Ex. 1. c. ; Targ. Y. I Num. 
1. c. (not WWTOj Y.II K*Sto»). 

5in?2 m. (b. h.; bin) [circle,] 1) untitled ground sur- 
rounding the vineyard (between the vines and the fence). 
Kil. IV, 1, sq. d-DM Vina; Erub. 3 b . Y. Kil. IV, 29 b top &6l 
"dp d"i3b 'a nor does the law concerning the planting of 
the mahol apply to a small vineyard. Ib. 'a 1? tt5^ the law 
does apply to it. Ib. 'ail ba^D (prob. to be read bad) it 
has no more the nature of a mahol.— 2) chorus of singers 
and dancers. Taan. 31 a 'a nilUSb to arrange a chorus. 
Yalk.Is. 294, v. nVinil. 

' T 

nblttE f. (b. h.) as preced. 2. Koh. R. to I, 11, v. 

njsin h.—PL rviVina. Cant. r. to vn, 1. 
Giro, v. wrm 

*S&1nQ m. Opn) insult. Targ.Y. Gen. XVI, 5 ^dina 
i*iSS 'WiBi Ar. (differ, in ed.). 

p"ini2, PflQ m. (pna 2) strike, an instrument for 
levelling a measure of grain &c. Kel. XVII, 16; Tosef. 
ib. B. Mets. VII, 9 '31 lintt) 'an the strike which has a 
(secret) receptacle for a piece of metal (to increase its 
pressure fraudulently); Koh. R. to IX, 13 pnan. B. Bath. 
89 b ; Yalk. Lev. 618 '51 ttS>Vl bltf 'an "pttJW f« the strike 
must not be made of gourd, because it is too light &c. 
lb. '31 IIS 'an rx fn»l» p» (Yalk. 1. c. IT1S fern.) you must 
not make the strike thick on one side and thin on the 
other; a. e.—Pl. d^pina. Y. Yoma I, 38 c bot. Lev. R. s. 21 
Cp3 btt) *,nipina the strikes sent with the measures were 
of silver. 

"1*1 PP2, rPQ m. (lin) white, white color. Targ. 0. Lev. 
XIII, 3, sq.; a. e. 

"Hire, Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 c , v. T*)*ia. 

tlftro, v. wm^a. 

SniriQ m. (nni) going downfall— PI. )' \*tl\U . Targ. 
Y. Deut. XXVIII, 43. [Mflna, Targ. Prov. XX, 30 ed. Lag, 

v. xnna.] 

fcCntlQ, v. anna, a. fcttina. 

TT : - t l -' t -: - 

fcClTlire f. (preced. art.) 1) declivity. Targ. Is. XV, 5 ; 
Targ. T Jer. XLVIII, 5 ed. Lag. (ed. Wil. n^nna).— 2) alight- 
ing. Lam. R.toll, l nwninas nwpida run xbhis mount- 
ing was not like his alighting; his mounting was gradual, 
his coming down sudden; Yalk. Hos. 528 n^ninna. — PI. 

■j^wmo. Koh. r. to xii, 5 'a -jan rva "ppba ",an nr« are 

there any ascents (on the road), or any declivities?; Lev. 

r. s. is yvt$. 

srnna, v . ^na. 

tt : ■ • 

lifTO, Slllre m. (ntn) cycle. Ber. 59 b n"3 b3 
'a IWVl "plU Ms. M. (ed. Iim) every twenty eight j-ears 
when the (solar) cycle begins anew. — PI. T'lUna. Targ. 
Y. I Gen. I, 14.— [In later Hebrew: bYtt lima the solar 
cycle of twenty eight years; "pap 'a the lunar cycle of 
nineteen years.— In liturgy : '"oprayerbook for the festivals.] 

"^"lJnQ m. pi. (used as sing.; preced.) turning around; 
trnsf. longing (cmp. Sam. nVTO, Gen. Ill, 16; IV, 7). Gen. 
R. s. 26 X3nb 'a "pb W Kb mayest thou never long for 
here (home); Yalk. ib. 43 lltna (corr. ace). 

^fri!0, M^D m. pi. (used as sing.; ijn) appearance. 
Targ.O. Lev. XIII, 3; a. e. (some ed. 'a). — With suffix 
^niina, SSntna. Ib. 4; ib. 20 (some ed. fro); a. fr. 

nHPjriD m. (itn) = bPVhna, review, revision. Y. Sabb. 
I, 2 d (In a 'defective sentence) '31 b"X W"3ri 'ad on review- 
ing again he said to him &c. 

ri^JllQ f. (n\n) glass; (spy-glass?) Mekh.Yithro, Amal., 
s. 2 '31 "pmiB It 'ad with the glass through which the 
kings look; Yalk. Ex. 270. 

SrVfllQ f. (preced.) 1) mirror.— PI. Nutria. Targ. 
Is. IIL 23."(h. text d^ba). Targ.O. Ex.XXXVlii,8 n^tna. 
ed. Berl. (oth. ed. Pi^tria, n?tna).— 2) shoiv. Cant. R. to 
VII, 1 KabSH hWtna )M*X "jinxi and you shall be the ad- 
miration of the world. 

fcOpinD, Ned. 10 b ,read: iOptaa. 

"iTjna, v. ^itna. 

nPljQ, nriD, v . nna, Tie 

- t - : tr " 1 

I211Q, (^(IQAr.) (denom. of next w.; v. Kel. XIII, 8 
^b ffrpPft) to snuff, trim with a pin. Bets. 32 b "p^Wa; 
'31 nK you may trim the wick ; expl. ib. X3U3in ^IIS to 
remove the charred top; Y. ib. IV, 62 c bot.— Sabb. 90 a ; 
Men. 107 a '31 nd "j^amaUJ Ar., Rashi a. Ms. M. Men. (ed. 




■ftSDlTO) it was used for trimming the wicks and cleansing 
the snouts of the candlestick. — [rcrtia, v. EH".] 

"— ijE f. (Oil I) 1) weed/?, jh'h. Sabb. VI, 1 nrxtt) "Q 
r; - r: a mohat without a hole, i. e. a dress or hair-pin; 
ib. 3 n a pan '- a needle, lb. I, 3 '=1 iorraa Br*T*l XIT X5 
the tailor must not go out with his needle near Sabbath 
eve; ib. ll b '31 rcrrn '~~ with his needle stuck in his 
garment; Tosef. ib. I, 8. Sabb. XVII, 2 f J* 'B a small 
(sewing) needle, O'Xpc ~ - the sack-needle (for loose and 
coarse webs); Kel. XIII, 5. Y.M.Kat.I, 80 d bot. Orl.I,4,v. 
r_'--z ; a. fr.— 2) stitch. Y. B. Kam. X, end,7 c '2 xba the length 
of a stitch which those of . . . interpreted to mean C""';=:: 
•a x;~: double the length of a stitch; Bar K. used the 
expression Ol '~~ TZ'L" xv~ as much as is required for 
making a stitch (carrying the needle), which E. J. inter- 
preted "an r;-r.: (D'wbSD) double &c; Bab. ib. H9 b xVs 
t3 X; -= '-': Vim "2 the length of a stitch and besides it 
a thread the length of a stitch (Bashi: the length of a 
needle).— PI. tram, "pona (m.). Y. Kidd. I, 58 c bot.; Y. 
Shebu. VI, beg. 36 d "2 "SO two needles (or pins). Sabb. 
96 b 'Z' y n u T Bj Tptn . . . "nUHI the embroiderers of curtains 
threw their spools (v. rwvr?) one to the other; a. fr. 

S'»H « ch. same, 1) needle, pin. Targ.Y. Ex. XXI, 6; 
Deut. XV, 17 (h. text r:rra).— 2) stitching. Targ. Y. Ex. 
XXVI, 36, a. fr. "a ITO stitched embroidery (h. text cp"i). 
— Ber. 63 a WYPuUtl '- stitching in lines or furrows (quilt- 
ing).— PI. pOTTO. Y. Yeb.XII, 12 d bot.— Y. Ber.IV,7 d top; 
Y. Taan.IV,67 d "2 TOS making needles.— X*:;r:*2. Targ.Is. 
Ill, 22 Ar. (ed. SPOrTO) embroideries (h. text D^-in). 

nZ'^nC f. = rcan, chopping. Mace. 8 a n^5 raorra 
felling of trees. 

TiTSlTQ m. (x::~ II) seducer. Gen. K. s. 52 (play on 
■; ".r,~, Gen. XX, 6) '31 -p3S"i "4 ":/-""? thy seducer is in 
my power, thy inclination which made thee sin &c. 

""■UnC! delicate,?. "W»L— Wa^ Targ. JobI,22,v. HBTOO. 

' SiUij'r m., P^ ""V~"? (prob. = "pasrra; cmp. Syr. 
xr::::n^, 'i-jr", P. Sm. 1247) embroidered horse-covers. 
Targ. HEsth. VI, 11. 

X"")^2i ^2 m. ("iVC:) striking ivith the rod, punishment. 
Sabb. 32 a "H"; 13 TO xr^X WTO «T«n (Ar.Var. K03ITO) 
let the maid continue her rebellion, it will all go under 
one rod (in her hour of need a woman's sins are remem- 

"TO, HTO ,(nn?2) (b.h.; v. nrra) tortib, wipe out; 
to w ear out, destroy. [In Talm. mostly prr:.] Erub.l3 a ; Sot. 
n, 4 ( 1 7 b ) (ref . to nrrai, Num. V, 23) rvirrak brro z\rz (Mish. 
pr^n?) a writing which one can wash off. Gen. R. s. 23 
(play on 5X",r^, Gen. IV, 18) '=1 ^:X jTffe I shall wipe 
them out of the world; a. e. — V. ^fTa 


Pi. ii'n'rz [to strike out, annul,] 1) to protest against. 
B. Bath. 38 b D"0)B ".ZZ '"2 if he entered a protest against 
the illegitimate occupation of his property in the presence 
of two (v. i-isr-;). Ib. '31 r+.-i- ■oi must he protest in 

the occupant's presence? — Keth. ll a tirnra she protested 
against her conversion in childhood. Pes.88 a nifiab t&tLi 
she has the privilege of protesting (declaring her pref- 
erence); a. fr. — 2) (with z\ or TO. of the person) to fore- 
warn, interfere, try to prevent. Sabb. 55 b bot. tVWO "CBa 
*« xbl -:sm . . . lb (not Wlb, v. Eabb. D. 8. a. 1. note) 
it was for Ph. to forewarn Hofni, and he did not. Ib. a 

dm ftap* xb tna vt*a dxid (Ms. m. ibap . . . irvo) that 

if they warned them, they would not have heeded them. 
Pes. IV, 8, a. e. BTQ 1FQ xb they did not prohibit their 
doing so; a. fr.— Cant. R. to IV, 12 bs 9Ta(l) nl33.ri 1T03 
'Z' JQ3CP the daughters (in their father's absence) entered 
a protest concerning themselves and gave themselves 
away to husbands (Pesik. B'shall., p. 82 a , a. e. ipO?P3 

Hif. nrran 1) to dissolve, dilute. Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d 
■pann nx Tl if (by boiling) he made a mush of the leavened 
matter (made it unrecognizable). Hull. 120 a ; Y. Maas. Sh. 
II,beg.53 b ,a.e., v.X^S; a. fr. (interchanging with nrran).— 
Tosef. Par. IX (VIII),8 11X3 ^jOTl (not "**&) if he thawed 
the frozen water by artificial heat. — [Midi*. Till. to Ps.VI,7 
Ttnach, read noaai, v. nos.]— 2) to rub off, cleanse, polish. 
B. Bath. V, 10 TnlppttJa tttvoq cleanses his weights. Lev. 
R. s. 7 (play on DTTT3, Ps. LXVI, 15)m5pa nrraa Bttlflfl rT13 
like him who wipes a dish (licks the remnants up); Pesik. 
Eth Korb., p. 61 a ; Pesik. R. s.16; a. e— Pirke d'R. El. ch. 
XVII !"PS32 nrrs"? she produces a sound by rubbing her 
hands (in sympathy with the mourners). — 3) (denom. of 
n~-:r2) to recognize as an authority; in gen. to autlwrize; 
to appoint. Snh. 23 a nmbs n">3.n iningrp . . . "CaTi bs xb 
he cannot reject a judge whom the majority has recog- 
nized as an authority over them. B. Mets. IX, 12 "~~rv 
'Z' ;^N if he gave him an order to the storekeeper. Y. 
Pes. vni, 3o d top 'z"\ meg rrrxn nno proaa DX if by 
insis is meant giving authority (and not merely knowing 
and tolerating), it is tacitly understood that a woman 
makes an appointment as if saying, I will dine with my 
children; if it means merely knowing, then the Mishnah 
(Pes. VIII, 1) means appointment. — [Y. Sabb. XIII, beg. 
i4 a vms nrra^n ed. Krot., v. nrrj.] 

Nif. itrraa to be dissolved, washed away; to be wiped 
out, destroyed. Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d a cake boiled 1 8?TB 
without being mashed beyond recognition (v. supra). Taan. 
Ill, 8, a. e. '31 mra? C2X, whether the stone . . . has been 
washed away, v. "i?X. Tosef. Par. 1. c. WWa (fr. WTO) 
the water was thawed up. Gen. R. s. 28 . . -pyarraOX '"X 
'3 . . even the millstone was washed away. Ib. ima" 1 ! R33Q1 
Ei"i^2 and how many of them were destroyed?; a. e. 

^tyZy Sn^2 I, (nni2 J ch. same, 1) to dissolve, mash 
(by stirring &c.j. Pes. 40 b Wra IT& VVQ XE'i X3n Ms. M. 
(insert XITp) for R. himself they made a mush with flour 
of parched grains (v. XD^pn); ed. 'SI rib Tra..X21 (read 
rvb) R. himself had a mush made for himself &c. Ib. 
'21 X-Pip n-?^:b Ms. M. (ed. rin-c^b) to make a mush &c. 
(corresp. to h. V?13). — V. xn^p. — 2) to wipe off, blot out. 
Targ. Is. XXV, 8. Targ. Ex. XXXII, 32; a. fr.— 3) to pro- 
test, v. infra. 

Pa. ^rra, Af. "rr;x l) to protest, forewarn, interfere. 





Targ. Koh. VIII, 4.— B. Bath. 38 a **tnA rtfy ">»:m he ought 
to have entered a protest. Ib.39 b ^>TraP 0;Tia>), v. Kn^ma. 
Keth. ll a N^Ttaa she may protest (against her conversion 
in childhood'). T, B. Bath. II, 18 b hot. '31 flTO?, v. &&Rl$i 
a.e. — Ib.'pnTU Tja'rap... > pb3'' their neighbors may inhibit 
them. — 2) (denom. of finals) to declare approved, to recog- 
nize as efficient. Sabb. 61 b &033. wina? (Ms. 0. a. Rashi 
"«TraXP)so as to make the man an approved physician ; 'OS 
5>iQp to consider the amulet as approved. 

Ithpe. Tama, namx, "fBfTlJi l) to be wiped off; to be 
blotted out. Targ. likings XXI, 13. Targ. Ps. CIX, 13 
nan-; ed. Lag. (ed. Wil. Tram). lb. 14; a. fr. — 2) to be 
diluted, dissolved. Pes. 74 b bot. fctnana KPn Ms. M. 2 a. 
early eds. (v. Rabb.D. 8. a. 1. note; ed. Knana; Ms. M. 1 
fctrranx, corr. ace.) weak vinegar. Gitt. 69 a nam:* ■'ffl'an^ 
(some ed. n for n) it (the liver) is dissolved. — 3) to be 
declared approved (nnaia). Sabb. 1. c. &033 'N the person 
has become an approved physician ; 35*>ap 'X the amulet 
is considered approved. lb. 61* snap anaai &033 btJOO*l 15 
early ed. (later ed. nnaiai . . . nnaiai, read '"ra ; Ms. 0. 
Trams, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 1) until both, the person 
and the amulet, have been approved; a. e. 

"'HP' tsni2 II (preced.) [to diminish, cmp. !"DD,] to 
smite, wouM<£-Targ.Ex.VII,20. Targ. IIEsth. 11,21 nttf 
SOTi the serpent will bite him; — Part. Tra, RTlOj 
pi. fjtVO, y*1lP. lb. XXI, 19 (Y. tP^rlO, corr. ace). Targ. 
Is. X, 15. Targ.Y. Gen. Ill, 15; a. e.— Part. pass. pi. Tra 
(Tra). Targ. Is. LIII, 4.— B. Bath. 21 a »p Npir? mna ^3 
'31 TraT when thou strikest a child, thou must strike it 
only with a shoe-strap. M. Kat. 17 a ^113 133^ Tra r+tfTi 
was striking a grown up son. Gen. R. s.4l, a. e. PilOS "pit 
BWTTQ Tja as soon as thou sayest, 'strike', I shall strike. 
Snh. 109 b '31 Knmx? Tidl (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) when 
a person struck his neighbor's wife, and she miscarried 
&c. ; a. fr.— V. NITra. 

Ithpe. Trans to be smitten. Targ. II Sam. XI, 15. Targ. 
Esth. VII, 9 TllbS Tram mpff (Ezra VI, 11) and hanging 
thereon he shall be flogged (to death). 

"'PID m. (=Tjxa ; tin) stitcher, fine weaver. Targ. 0. 
Ex. XXVIII, 32. targ. II Sam. XXI, 19 (some ed. Ttia).— 
[Targ. Is. LIX, 5 Btjfia ed. Wil., read &Ona, or with ed. 
Lag. mna.]— Denom. 

T1Q, SriQ to interlace, weave. Targ. Is. XIX, 9 Tra. 
Targ. II Kings XXIII, 7 pTa. Targ Is. LIX, 5 (v. preced'.). 
— Y. Sabb. VII, 10 c top '31 SOTia 13 when she interlaces 
(plaits), she is guilty of an act of weaving. Sabb. 148 a ; 
Ber. 24 a ; Pes. 42 a ; Hull. 58 b , v. Kmna.— [8H0, Targ. Is. 
XIX, 10 'a Till), some ed., read: fctna, v. "HaJ 

Ithpe. WiSPX to beinterivoven, fastened. Sabb. 58 a Nnal 
XrVEna [rTtfJ Ms. M. a. Ar. (Ms. 0. &V&t *nNXti, v. Rabb. 
D.S. a. 1. note; ed.Knaia n"0 NmaT, some ed. nnaia, corr. 
ace.) it is fastened to it. 

rrriQ, PPT1Q f. (b. h.; mn) l) support, provision. 
Y.Peah III, 17 d bot 'a IP tth he has left for himself some- 
thing to live on (a permanent source of income). Sifre 
Num. 159; Yalk. Num. 787 'an mdl tPpVM markets and 
a provision store (v. KniTj). — 2) [healing,] light cicatriz- 

ation. Y.Pes.VII,34 a bot., expl.mna (Lev. XIII, 24)nmTt 
nmTi K?1 it is and is not healed up (has only a thin cover- 
ing). Neg. I, 5. Sifra Thazr., Neg., ch. II, Par. 2 nmrra 
OT33 if the half-healed part of it is as large as a bean, 
lb. Par. 5, ch. XI; a. fr. — *3) creatures; DTI mna sea- 
animals. Gen. R. s. 7, end; Yalk. ib. 12 DTI 'a JtTIOtl he 
who causes the cross-breeding of sea-animals (Tosaf. to 
B. Kam.55 a quotes: dTl mTlpa); Y.Kil. I,27 a bot.mT3. 
(corr. ace). 

SO^ITD, Y. Snh. VI, 23 c bot., read: B^TO, v. NdTj. 

n nn riQ, v. rm. 

n^np f. 0"irra; v. ^Tia) enervation. Num. R. s. 10 (ref. 
to mna?, Prov. xxxi, 3) '3i m*na . . . nntn be on thy 

guard against those things which are (the cause of) the 
enervation of kings. 

Nb nn niD, Gen. R. s. 77 ■pOpB'Wl 'a ( Ar. some ed. fc&rna), 
a corrupt., prob. for ttfjSna a mat (bale) of silk ; (Cant. 

R. to HI, 6 trta 3U) nVan). 

&trpna, P i. of anna. 

t • : t • : T ' • 

riTPlD f. (Tra) pardon. Yoma VII, 1 ; Sot. VII, 7 J»S 
y&t\ nbTra'the benediction offering praise for forgiveness 
of guilt. Y. B. Kam. VIII, end, 6 C mablS 'a 1? ffk will 
never be forgiven. Snh. 44 b ; a. fr. 

^^THD I m.= h. V^n, a wall of loosely piled stones. 
Targ. Ez.'xiII, 10, sq. (ed. Lag. KSMno, R e gia Sana). 

XTnn II, v. wenm 

t . : ' t i • l 

n^riQ I f. (ytya) striking, wounding. Snh. 91 b (ref. 
to Deut. XXXII, 39) '31 TlKd nsiSII 'a na as striking and 
healing refer to the same person, so do death and life 
refer to the same person; Yalk. Deut, 946 "^na (corr. ace). 

PI2TTO II f. (pm or y$n) 1) division. B.Bath.2 b 
smiPS 'a sa^K may I not say, m'hitsah (ib. I, 1) means a 
division of property? — Answ. '31 nixn? 1S1 then it ought 
to have read, 'they agreed to divide'.— 2) partition, wall. 
Ib. 3 a , v. R^ft; a. e.— Esp. (in Sabbath law) a partition 
ten handbreadths high, to mark a space off as private 
ground pTlTl niim). Erub. VIII.7 '31 r\b IB* 3"i<K . . naS 
if a canal runs through a (private) court, you must not 
draw water out of it on the Sabbath, unless you made 
at its entrance and its exit a partition &c. ; "pin . . . bni3 
'a dliaa the wall over the channel may serve as a legal 
partition. Ib.8. Sabb. 101 a , a. fr. mipn 'a an overhanging 
m'hitsah (not connected with the ground). Erub. 5 a nnip 
'a dUDO the beam (across an alley) serves as a legal fiction 
for a m. (as if its broadside were prolonged so as to form 
a partition), v. 15$ ;— 3) divided off space, com- 
partment) (for sacred law) camp, precinct, cmp. fiSHd. 
Num. R. s. 4 d^nsn n^Tia the camp of the priestly di- 
vision. Mace. 20 a , a. e. P13&6 'a the limit (the area of Je- 
rusalem) for consuming (the second tithes) ; aipp? 'a the 
limit for protecting it (as having once entered the sacred 
precinct). Lev. R. s. 26 T3£Ta3 iOS 'with me' (I Sam. 




XXVIII, 19) in my division (in heaven). lb. rVRBI "•b f» 
atXTtTOi C32"b I am not permitted to enter thy compart- 
ment. Num. B. s. 20 *,rS""Ta their compartment. — Gen. 
B. 8. 98 (play on OTBI, Gen. XLIX, 23) irrr-a ib«J his 
camp-fellows (brothers); a. fr — PI. l ' fij ftlt il . Erub. 89 a 'S3 
tVTO"tfl when the partitions (between one house and the 
other) are distinguishable on the roof. Num. B. s. 7 13P3 
"2 2"ar~ the scholars fixed camps (for sacred law); Sifre 
Num. 1 'ob D"a3fi 13a (v. Kel. I, 9); a. fr. — 'pi'Tra /au-s 
concerning partitions for Sabbath purposes, v. supra. 
Erub. 4 a ; Succ. 5 b . 

STISrnC ch. same, partition. Targ. Y. Num. XVII, 
13. — Erub. 89% v. next w. 

NKTnE (fcC^rrK) f.same, 1) partition, division. 
Erub. 92 a 'a MWtfi (v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 60) the par- 
titionbetween the two areas are distinguishable (v. I ll'iyj). 
Sabb. 101 a , a. fr. 'a FPHX T'a imagine the partition con- 
tinued downward. Erub. 89 a WYBmo p""3X TO imagine 
the partition continued upward, v. "133; a. fr. — 2) (also 
X^" 1 )"":) compartment, wing, extension (cmp. ("Mr*). Targ. 
I Kings VI, 6 (not 'rVT3; h. text &>&, sbs). Targ.Ez.XLI,5, 
8, sq.;— PI. Xr:J-na, X";2VTa. Ib.6,sq. Targ. I Kings 
1. c. lb. 15, sq.; a. fr. 

p"H2, V. pTTQ. 

np"ni2 f. (prra) 1) rubbing, blotting out. Erub. 13 b 
S'fl "2 flTH iT^EJSJ its preparation consists in washing (the 
writing) off (Num. V, 23). Y. Sot. II, 18 a bot. ftim 'ob is 
intended to be blotted out. Bab. ib. 18 a ; a. e. — 2) scrap- 
ing. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 c bot. '=1 ML'rtl 'a "*tta what scraping 
was done in the preparation of the Tabernacle? 

5>rj>*rR2 f, pj. (prra) a load counted by stricken 
measures. B. Mets. 80 b (oth. opin.: reduced in weight by 
being icorm-eaten). 

1 ™U m. (b. h.; "ina, cmp. *i"]a) exchange, that which 
is obtained by exchange ; price. Sot. 26 b , a. e. n3iT 'a the 
price obtained from selling a harlot. — [Tosef. Mikv. I, 19 
'ftfUJ ed. Zuck. (missing in ed.) a corrupt, for n^na, a 
misplaced gloss to fttO ib.] 

n n nD part. pass. Af. of WTO. 

Sr"n)G f. (-■na) web. Pes. 42 a 'a x"in(3) mVo isx 
TlTTta wilt thou weave all these things in one web 
(bring under one category)?; Hull. 58 b 1"l3""iria(corr. ace.); 
Ber. 24 a W T yiU WTTttJ Ms.M. (ed. xnna,corr. ace.) ; Sabb. 
148 a S-irVTT3 (v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note). 

NP'ra, v. xnrra. 

tt : - t -: - 

?jnD (sec. verb of "in II) to laugh. Shebu.34 b ; Bets. 
14 a , a. e. '31 fibs nana they laughed at it &c. 

S'DnS, Targ. Is. Ill, 22, read HfWB^ v. XUrra. 

"mQ (cmp. !-i!"va) [to blot out, annul,] to remit (a 
debt): to forgive, pardon, to forego, renounce. Keth. 85 b 
WHJ ibJTOl "ftF.1 . . . "Clan if one sells a note of indebted- 

ness to a neighbor, and then remits the debt, it stands 
remitted (and the buyer of the note must settle with the 
creditor). Ib. inbrra she remitted it. Y. B. Mets. VI, end, 
ll a **C3ia C!~tb ibnail) to whom custom officers remitted 
the fine. Ib. wbrra "Olbs ttt)b we remitted (the fine) for 
this man's sake (individually). Ber. 12 b ba b3S lb "."bnia 
'31 all his sins are forgiven to him. Ib. 32 a "15 ... . "O^X 
'SI ttlb nbonl binaCTB I will not leave thee until thou 
forgivest and pardonest &c. — Sabb. 30 a '31 b*J *b birra for- 
give me that particular sin (the seduction of Bathsheba) ; 
-jb bifia thou art forgiven ; a. v. fr. — 1*11333 bs 'a to forego 
the honor due to one's self. Kidd. 32 a bina 1113= . . 'air 3XS"i 
if a father allows a son to omit the acts of reverence due 
to him, his honor is remitted (the son may avail himself 
of the permission) ; '31 'OTD 3"iil but if a teacher gives per- 
mission &c; a. fr. — Num.B. s. 19 '31 "112)53 bniafi "^MS for 
he who is asked to forgive, must not be relentless (v. B. 
Kara. VIII, 7). 

Nif. brras to be cancelled; to be forgiven, pardoned. 
B. Mets. 17 a ; Gitt. 26 b , a. e. 1*1135115 '3 1331!) . . . nail) on a 
note once given and paid off you cannot raise a loan 
again, because the security which it contains (v. PTirjX) 
has once been cancelled. Yoma 88 a bna'b *"m*JO (his sins) 
lie ready to be forgiven. Taan. 7 b '21 ibra" 3"XX unless 
Israel's sins are forgiven. B. Kam.VIII, 7 ""113 Xlilll) S"5X 
'31 lb 1 "pX although he pays (the fine for insulting a 
neighbor), he is not forgiven (by the Lord), until he asks 
pardon ; a. fr. — V. rib":-;. 

5tjEl, ^llQ ch. same. Keth. 86 a . . . brrcPrri b".pn 
nrbrva Asheri (nnb-Tix . . . fibmn), v. binli ch.— Y. ib. 

XIII, 35 d "■? VrjO Xin he might have remitted my debt. 
Kidd. 32 a rrnpib mb bTio=T*i33 bs bna, v. preced. 

S^H^, M?*PIE ch. =next w., cavity. — PL "pbra, 
"•na. Targ. Y. fbeat. XXXII, 18 (Y. II "pbna, read : 'bra'; 
v. next w.). Targ. Is. II, 19. 

T]JT\12, n?pYV2 f. (b. h.; bbn) cavity, cave. Mekh. 
B'shall., Amal., s. 2 let me enter the land *|TnOp Pb*nas 
by the cave Caesarion (Sifre Num. 135 bbn "p*J). Tosef. 
Yeb. XIV, 6 "rtfl blI5 'a an underground fish pond ; Yeb. 
121 a ; a. fr.— PI. nibna, 'ina. Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. I, 11 
'21 mrHD 'a the underground places under the Temple 
are not sacred area; Pes. 86 a . Ib.; Tam. 27 1 ', a. e. xb 'a 
1125"ipn* the caves under the Temple have not been con- 
secrated. Keth. lll a *"J1 niBS3 'a underground passages 
are made for them (v. blabs,). Ib. 'ab rw xb xavfl per- 
haps he will not be privileged to pass underground. 
Gen. B. s. 96; a. e.— PI. m-D^-Tia, y^na. Pesik. E. s.31. 
Gen. B.s. 1, beg. '31 'a 'a TOS mxtil man's body is made 
with many channels and cavities; Yalk. Ps. 835. Sifre 
Deut. 319 (play on "bbna, Deut. 'XXXII, 18) 'a TpKWtt 
'a who made thee full of cavities; Num. B. s. 9, beg. 
'31 ibx 'a 'a . . tfV9 I built you with many cavities, that 
means the hearts and the kidneys. 

n>nS f.(b. h.; nbn) sickness. Mekh. B'shall./Vayassa, 
s. 1 (re T f. to Ex. XV, 26) 'SI 'a D"13 "fX DX (Xri) if there is to 
be no sickness among them, what healing will they need? 



B. Mets. 107 b ; B. Kam. 92 b nna it 'a 'the sickness' means 
(affection of) the bile &c, v. nbn. 

nplvtlQ f. (b. h. r^lTO; pbn) division; separation; 
difference,' dissension, strife, faction. Gen. It. s. 4 px HBP 
'an nx"Q3 . . . aVTO why are not the words 'that it was 
good' written about the second day of creation? . . . Be- 
cause separation was created thereon (Gen. I, 6); 'a DX 
'31 IJipvib X^nu? if to a separation which was made for 
the establishment and settlement of the world, 'that it 
was good' cannot be applied, how much less to a sepa- 
ration which tends to the confusion of the world! Ab. 
V, 17 d^ttJ D'JjV X^nm 'a a dissension which is carried on 
for the sake of heaven (of truth, without selfish motives). 
Ber. 37 a 'an *p3 . . . TYO 12 how long wilt thou put thy 
head between contending parties, i. e. why dost thou de- 
viate from the established rule? lb. 38 b n^DUJ 'an this 
has been taught under a controversy of opinion. Y. Peah 
I, 16 a 'a ifcsa people who create strife. Y. Snh. 1, 19 c top 
'31 'a nn^n xb nbnro in former days there were no con- 
flicting opinions in Israel (they being settled by the San- 
hedrin) ; Bab. ib. 88 b '31 'a paia V>n xb they allowed no 
differences to spread &c; Tosef. ib.VII.l; Tosef. Hag. II, 9 
nipftrra (pi.). B. Bath. 147 a 'an Vnn bx do not join a 
political faction. Hor.ll b '31 blU injS'ftwg ^Sa(notinipbna) 
on account of the contention of Adoniyah (who claimed 
the right of succession). Ib. '31 &03>2 'a X3iX *Q wher- 
ever there was a contest between claimants, anointing 
was required; a. ir.—Pl. nipibna. Sot. 47 b '2", 'a W*l the 
factions in Israel became numerous. Tosef. Snh. 1. c, v. 
supra. Meg. 3 a '31 'a 13.*n xbtU in order that dissensions 
may not spread &c; a. e. 

SS^pitTjQ ch. same, division.— PI. xnpibna. Targ. 
Y.IG T en. L, 1. 

^jbriD m. (b. h.; C)bn) sharp knife. — PL D^Bbna. Y. 
Yoma ill, 41 a top (ref. to Ezra I, 9) fVtiGft lbx . . 'a ma- 
halafim . . means the slaughtering knives. 

Y^T7I2 m., du. tpxbna, pi. "psbna (pbn, cmp. p^bn) a 
sort of windlass, loops of a rope attached to a heavy slab 
for rolling over plastered roofing &c, v. nb"VSSa. Mace. 9' 
ma ixbna oaicm) ns Var. in Ar. s. v. bsna (ed. lbxna) 
until the entire ramming machine slips out of his hands 
(opp. to pOS3 the breaking of the rope); Y. ib. II, beg. 31 c 
■pxbnan b= nx TWIT IS (read b^BTB or WlTO) until he 
lets go all the loops (expl. =bnnn pDSD). Ib. **1 la*i na 
'an ne n a ea (not psbnan) what R. J. says ('until he drops 
the whole rope') refers to the slipping of the machine; 
Tosef. ib. II, 3 ed. Zuck. vna pbsnan \>2 ViSniB *® (read : 
'sbnan . . . VtffiB). M. Kat. 1, 10 (n ri ) xb bnx . . nx *psia 
Q^sbnal (Y. ed. tt*% . . . ; Ms. M. Dibxna) you may plaster 
over cracks in the roof, or roll them over with a (small) 
roller, using the hands or the feet, but not with the 
windlass, v. Y. ib. 81 a top. — [The Var. lect. "buna rests 
upon a popular transposition, as if from ppa. The inter- 
pretation of bsna by commentators as trowel does not 
fit the context] 

S^^prizO m. pi., ch. same. M. Kat. 25 b lini . . ISntiJiX 

'ab ed. (Ms. M. X^bsnab, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 80) the 
statues became smooth (effaced) and they were used as 
slabs for rolling machines. 

mpbna, nppfin, v . npibna. 

rDnQ pr. n. f. (b. h.) Mahdlath, name of the mother 
of the queen of demons, v. n^ax. Pes. 112 b ; Num. R. s.12. 

DHQ, v. nrpa. 

^THOn^ f.(ian) something desirable, treasure. Koh. 
R. to V, 10 rrtHlSTO TOial who loses a dear object. 

"'QflD, ^12dTVl2 m. (ian) sight, appearance, v. *ltpr. 
Targ. Y. Gen. XXIII, 8. lb. XLI, 21. Targ. Y. Deut, IV, 
6; a. e. 

Vl2ty2 m., &C%$HD f. (sap) that which is leavened. 
Targ. Ex. XII, 19, sq". ' 

j-223nQ m. ("pan) a icash-pit containing ordure &c. 
to create fermentation. B. Bath. 19 a . 

nana, ^nsna ('orra) m. ^-oni) a P ue of debris, 

mound (of a ruined place). Targ. Is. XVII, 1 'a ~p3 a fort- 
ress of debris.— PI. p'lSana, 'apa. Targ. Ps. CXL, 11.— 
V. x^ana^T. 

PSnQ (popular pronunc. nana), v. nan. 

njnC m. (b. h. ; ilin) camp, esp. the encampment of 
the Israelites in the desert (v. Num. II); transferred to the 
limits of graded sacredness in Jerusalem (v. nipna II). 
Sifre Num. 1 bx^UJ" 1 n?na the camp of the Israelites (from 
the gate of Jerusalem to the Temple mount) ; n^lb 'a the 
camp of the attendants (priests and Levites, from the 
Temple mount to the Temple court); h3*i3t8 'a the camp 
of the Divine Majesty (from the entrance of the court 
and further). Ib. yHX 'a the camp of the Ark in the desert 
(=rr>lb 'a); Y. Sot. VIII, 22 b bot.; a. fr— PI. m'Dpa. Sifre 
1. c. "pi 'a \ubttJ there are three camps of graded sacred- 
ness (=ni:rna). 

£<DTO m. (Gin) mercy. Targ. Is. LXIII, 9. V. pfTtt, 

rPQIDriQ f.(ocn II) polish,glaze. Tosef. Kel.B. Mets. 
I, 3 '31 *,a Indiana (some ed. 'aiOtt; R. S. to Kel. XI, 4 
inappn, expl. the steel-edge of an axe) its glaze is of an 
unclean material. 

"fiDHO m. (b. h.j -iGn) need. Cant. R. to VII, 2 bsb 
n^iona 1*13 . . . n^la to each body according to its need ; 
Ber. 29 b . 

llDnD ch. (preced.) defect, shortcoming. Targ. Y. 
Num. XI, 23. 

^"^!"toOP f - Pi- (preced.) defects (of sight). Bekh. 
44 a xb'a b3X but mere defective eye-sight does not dis- 
qualify (opp. perfect blindness). Ib. pia 'a the disquali- 
fication from defective eye-sight is derived from p" (Lev. 
XXI, 20). 




Nv"^, 'a xra pr.xx.yl. Matha M' hasia (or Mahseia, 
v. Jer. XXXII, 12), prob. a suburb of Sura (v. Berl.Beitr. 
z. Geogr., p. 45, sq). Keth. 4*. Ber. 17 b "31 'a 'a "03 the 
(gentile) inhabitants of M.M. a'e obstinate. Kidd. 33 a . B. 
Kam. 119 b . Snh. 7 b ; Hor. 3 b . 

" OljQ, r\12 adv. (Vcr) complete measure. Targ. 
I Kings VII, 26, a. e. (h. text Vo*). 

S~",£iT2 m. ch.=next w.— PI. ynisna. Targ.Zeph. 
II, 9 (ed. Wil. ^Sr-;) salt-mines. Targ. Ez. XLVII, 11. 

rH"l£l"iD f. (n£n) 1) mine. Keth. 79 b ?p->S Ptt 'a an 
alum-mine.— 2) product of the mine. Ah. Zar. 33 b (expl. 
TUB ";-) 7"1S bwa *»?3 vessels made of alum crystals. — 
3) (v. <~~'Z~ II) fruits obtained by digging, bulbous vege- 
tables. Tosef. Maasr. I, 6 m/m C btt '2 storaged vegetables 
(some ed. "'hisr:*; pi.). 

) EM/2, a mnemonical abbreviation for fityb penalty 
of death, tthtfin fine of one fifth, "jV^fe not redeemable, and 
z'-' t forbidden to non-priests. Yeb. 73 b . 

^1?H^ (or rnDTO) {.(^sn) afield ichieh is cleared 
of trees.— PI. rYhwra. Tosef. Shebi'. Ill, 18 ed. Zuck. (Var. 


&*- f-JyQ m - C 1 ?" H) owe causing shame. Targ. Prov. 
XIX, 26. ' 

yn^2 (b. h. ; sec. r. of -pin) fo split, strike. Pirke d'E. 
El. ch. XXXIV '31 trtWYm nx m I struck Jerusalem 
on the day &c. ; Talk. Deut. 946. Snh. 91 b . 

"fri2 m. (yxn, v. Jud. V, 11) [distributor, cmp. rffs,] 
Zad7e for filling vessels out of the well, or the wine- or 
oil-pit. Par. V, 5 'an "brr the sides of a broken ladle. Ab. 
Zar. 74 b ; T. ib. V, end, 45 b ; Tosef. ib. VIII (IX), 1. Toh. 
X, 7 'a t]3l. n-n SX if he emptied the pit by using a ladle 
(to pour into the vessels).— PI. "psna. Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. 
VII, 15.— [Fl. to Levy Talm. Diet. Ill, 309 a : yna, fr. "ra 
to stir, cmp. Ps. LXVIII, 24.] 

D^nI2 m. (asn) quarry, mine. Shebi. Ill, 5. Ib. 6 
'"2 p«0 r.'.ns if a stone fence is less than ten handbreadths 
high, it comes under the category of a quarry. Y. ib. 34 c 
bot 'SI 15^213 'a a quarry situated between two estates. 
Ex. E. s. 15 '31 'art *]1"G blessed the quarry from which 
it was hewn. Lev. R. s. 26, end '31 V3E? 'an 1i6ai and 
they filled the quarry before him with gold Denars. Esth. 
E. to I, 6 'SI ntn 'an this (marble) quarry had not been 
revealed to any man before &c. 

^O^ITE ch. same.— PI. N^na. Targ. Jud. Ill, 26 (h. 
text a-ip-OS). 

n^TO f. (b. h.; nsn) division, half. Shek. VII, 1 'a 
'ab at an equal distance from each. Hull.29 a ; Pes. 79 a 'a 
Slls 'a *53 half to half (if the nation is equally divided 
between clean and unclean), we treat it as if the majority 

were clean. Hull.28 b 3.113 'abs 'a half (of the vital organ) 
cut and half uncut is considered as if the larger portion 
were cut. Lev. R. s. 10 'a na51S roViSn repentance effects 
half (the atonement) ; a. fr. 

bsnn, 1 rf.D' , bsnz2, rbsna v. f** 

T-t--' ' T —. - I • T "1 — It-:- 

SbXTIQ f., v. vsbxrva. 

T : : - ' t : - : - 


T-t: "' t-t-:- 

rD^ijS f. (v. nbsin) matting used for partition, cover- 
ing &c, in gen. mat. Succ. I, 11 vnp 'a a reed mat. Tosef. 
ib. 1, 10 XSirPE V» 'a ; Succ. 20 a WC VtJ 'a a mat of bul- 
rushes. Bets. 36 a 'si 5"? 'a "p&TtB you may spread a mat 
over bricks &c; — Pl.rrbxrrz. Succ.l.c.(expl.r.l;:£"n) 
•r it 'a real mats. Y. ib. II, end, 52 c X131X ttfa PTO mattings 
of Usha.— Y. Erub. VII, 24 c top n fr - fe mtt (not TV**> . . .). 
Num. E. s. 21 rfisbtrib: a. fr. 

KPDXnS, Sb^lD ch. same. Gen. E. s. 33 . . Nan 

r : - : -' t : : 

'a X*in3 . . saw a poor man w r rapped in a mat; Yalk. Ps. 
727. — PI. "iVSTTO, S'V-Sna. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 c top. Y. Ab. 
Zar. Ill, 42 c top 'a Kftffptt ',i5n they covered the statues 
with matting ;Koh.E.toIX,10 [read:] 'a BBtfipKi'fcK'pWn. 

XTSIIIS m. (= "V LSftM , v. "tssn) trumpeter.— PL 
S^-^na. TaVg. II Chr. V, 13. ["p^sna, part, pi., v. ixsn.] 

ptljQ (cmp. nna) l) to rub out, blot out. Sabb. VII, 2 
V\ a"S pnian he who rubs out in order to write over 
the erasure. Sot. 18 a '31 'al nna niX 3D3 if he wrote (the 
adjuration of the Sotah) by writing and washing off letter 
by letter. Ib. '31 "jlni "JprTDI and washed them off in one 
cup. Sabb. 75 b np-HJ mx'a if he erased one large letter. Ib. 
'SI pnia3iain ntin this case he who erases, is more severely 
dealt with than he who writes (on the Sabbath); — 
Part. pass. p^na. Ab. IV, 20 'a *P"3 erased papyrus (pal- 
impsest). — 2) to scrape, smooth. Sabb. VII, 2 (73 a ) -cran 
"ipniam . . Mish. a.Y. ed. (Bab. ipnaam) he who tans its 
skin, and he who scrapes it. Y. ib. 10 c bot. E113a zV^Ti 
pnia is guilty of an act coming under the category of 
scraping. Ib. 10 a npnian he who planes the beam; a. 
fr.— 3) to level, striked B. Bath.V, 11 pina V . . pinab, v. 
J-:. Sabb. 153 b ; Tosef. ib. I, 17 nxD JplTO they made the 
measure (of laws passed) just even (so that anything 
added would make it overflow), opp. BS^tt; Y. ib. I, 3 C ; a. 
fr.— V. p ; iT2. 

Nif. pna: to be blotted out. Sot. II, 4, v. nna. Ib. I8 a 
IqVqtS npna:i3 Blp before the roll (containing the ad- 
juration of the Sotah) has been washed off. B. Bath. 164 a 
lav "p '2 an erasure of one day's standing, EflCfl "WB *p '3 
an erasure two days old ; a. e. 

Pi. pn*ra to smooth, shave. Sabb. 73 a , v. supra. Y. ib. 
VII, 10 d top pnaa OWn 3"'n is guilty of an act coming 
under the category of scraping; a. fr. 

pMw, pv^] ch. same, 1) to blot out, wash off, erase. 
Targ. Num. V, 23. — B. Bath. 164 a 'si rrt pTia Kap^ he 
may erase it and write over it what he may choose. Ib. 
"vs'tvji pVTDT) let one erase (some writing) and compare; 




a. fr.— Part. pass, ptflf, f. Np/ria. Gen. R. s. 65, beg. TV" 
fctatt! npTia Ninb S^" 1 **aiU '° V"* 1 let tnis man "whose 
name deserves to be blotted out come and marry that 
woman &c; Yalk. ib. 112; 113 (not npna).— Koh. R. to 
XII, 5 fPOtt) '33 matt? p^TVD OlSN^TiN Hadrian, his bones 
be ground, his name be blotted out. Esth.R.toI,4 12*3*13133 
'31 'a pTMJ Nebuchadn., he be ground, blotted out &c. — 
2) to strike. Part. pass, as ab. Y. Pes. IV, end, 31°; Esth. 
R. 1. c, v. bin*. B. Mets. 80 b , v. Knp^na. 

Ithpe. P^rranat to be blotted out. Gen. R. s. 28, end 
",b*3*i n^ott? pnan*) . . la'CtO as one says, that man's name 
be blotted out. 

pTV2 m. strike, v. pina. 

pn/2 or pnD m. (preced. wds.) erasure, erased spot. 
B.Bath.'l63 b bot.'an bs? TW1 Kin the document itself and 
the signature of witnesses written over an erasure, lb. 
164 a ; "ppna. Ib. 161 b '31 -p*l2*. 'an b3 all erasures 
written over must be ratified (on the margin). 

SPPlQ ch. 1) same. B. Bath. 164 a '31 Kill 'a "-a*! Kb 
the erasure (written over) of one paper cannot be com- 
pared to that of another paper. Ib. 'a bs . . . &0n3irt we 
witnesses have signed our names over an erasure; a. e. — 
2) papyrus. Meg. 19 a top (explaining h"*$). 

&$pnO m. (pha 2) stricken measure. Targ. Y. Lev. 

xix, 35", o'pp. KHraJm 

n\12 m. (b. h.; = infc*a; inx) weatf day, future day. 
Mekh.Bo. 18 '31 VQ&90 'a ID'* there is a mahar which means 
wow (the next day), and there is a mahar which means 
some future time; Yalk. Ex. 225.— Ber. 28 a nPNl "OK 'ab 
'31 to-morrow I and you &c. Sot. 48 b b31N Ha . . . *»a bs 
'31 'ab he who has bread in his basket and says, what 
shall I have to eat to-morrow? &c. — Y. Gitt. II, 44 a bot. 
'31 'ab son nb^b Kin it makes no difference whether the 
same night or the next day or after some time; a. fr. — 
n*irra f., constr. n*jna. Men. 65 b u"i*» 'a rdu>n 'aa 'the 
morrow of the Sabbath' (Lev. XXIII, 11) means the day 
after the first day of the Festival (Passover). Ib. WW IN 
rWDifO Pdtf" 'ab Stbx may it not mean the morrow after 
the regular weekly Sabbath ? ; a. e. — d*;ri*ina day after 
to-morroio. Midr. Till, to Ps. XII '31 -jbs 'abl and the day 
after to-morrow we shall go &c. 

"1HQ, SnPlD ch. same. Targ. Ex. XVII, 9. Targ. 
Prov. XXVII, T 1 ''a^"1; a. fr.— Lev. R. s.34 K3n ton n*<b 'ab 
to-morrow she (the soul) is no more here. Y. Gitt. II, 
44 b top ina*i K"ina the day after to-morrow; a. e. 

mj"nnD (TO) strings (of meat, fish &c). Tosef. 
Shek. Ill, 10 'a if the meat found was on strings; Y. ib. 
VII, beg. 50 c 'a Vtt dN.— B. Mets, II, 1 d*>5.*l blU 'a fish on 
strings. Tosef. ib. II, 1 niai*l*lp buJ 'a axes strung to- 
gether; a. e. 

?|1"lnQ m. (Tpn) singe, burn (wound). Targ. Y. Ex. 
XXI, 25.' " 

D n "inD, Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. II, 14, read with R. S. 
toKel. XII, 5: OTTO. 

nEJ"Hn^ f. (b. h. P iy nqajttSyt) \)plough. Tosef.Sabb. 
XIV (XV), 1 'a bUJ **n*> the pin of the plough; Y.ib.XVII, 
beg. I6 a . Y. Naz. VII, beg. 55 a 'an dbsn Nbin "OS so that 
the plough might not stir them up. B.Mets. IX, 13 n&tl 
dl*>3 'an and must give him back the (pledged) plough 
for the day; a. e. — 2) strigil. Ib. 113 b NB03*i 'a a silver 
strigil (which, if pledged, the creditor may sell and give 
the debtor a common one); Keth. 68 a **£03*1 'a (such a 
luxury as) a silver strigil. 

n©nni3 pr. n. pi., v. rosrvra. 
mHQ, v. ina. 

t t: r t t 

fctfnnD, TPfi'i 'a pr. n. pi. ("Wl) M'hirta d'Yattir 
[the Cave Region ofY., v. Hildesh. Beitr., p. 25), in Upper 
Galilee. Y. Shebi. VI, 36°; Tosef. ib. IV, U MmnO; Sifre 
Deut. 51 irP1 nnNTinS; Yalk. ib.874 Wl tfniins (read 

' nr*n y. 

riDt^riQ f- (b. h.; a^Tj) 1) thought, plan. Ber. 6P 
'31 'ad nbs'nbnnd it was the original plan to create &c. — 
Kidd. 40 a ""IB nUTOU) 'a an intention which bears fruit 
(is carried out). Ib. '31 nB*i2Sa naiB 'a the merit of a good 
intention does the Lord (in rewarding) add to that of a 
good deed; Y. Peah I, 16 b top; a. fr. — 2) troubled mind, 
care, apprehension. Snh. 26 b '31 nbsia 'a trouble (about 
sustenance) affects the memory even for the words of 
the Law (makes one forget one's learning). — PL rYOiaqa. 
Ib. 19 b , v. b?3. Ib. 26 b (ref. to Ps. XI, 3) '31 r-PidlBrl-O lb*-!* 
if this wicked man's plans be not frustrated, what will 
the righteous man do? 

rQl^riD f. (b. h.; preced.) design, art.— 'a P3xba a 
productive work (with a direct purpose). Bets. 13 1 '; Hag. 
10 b , a. fr. niin nidi* 'a P3S*ba the Torah forbids (on 
the Sabbath) productive work (by which you affect the 
property of an object, not mere changing of position, 
planless efforts &c). 

SPD^riQ ch. (preced. wds.) \)plan; art. Targ. Jer. 
XLIX^ 20. Targ.IIChr. XXVI, 15; a. fr. — PI. K^-"5, 
*,31*ina. Targ. Is. LV, 8, sq. Targ. Ez. XXXVIII, 10 ; a. fr.— 
2) trouble. Erub. 29 b 'a *>blidai and drive trouble away. 

"P^riiO m. (Tj^n) darkening, -pa^^S? "jr^n-a dimness 
of eye-sight. Targ.Y. Deut. XXVIII, 65 'a! (not 'at; h. 
text wv -,rb3). 

nnjQ, riHD, part. act. a. pass. Af. of nnp. 

XETIQ f. (preced.) declivity.— PI. fttna. Lev.R.s.18, 
v. Krwina. 

SPHD, ^rPj/2 f. Ona II) 1) deficiency. Targ. Prov. 
X, 20 (h/text aras).— 2) defect. Targ. Cant. IV, 7 (h. text 
dia).— 3) stroke, plague, slaughter (corresp. to h. nsa; v. 




WTO ]I).— Targ. Josh. X, 10. Targ. Y.Ex. IX, 27 (ed. Amst. 
BWto). lb. xxiii, 25 rra (nna), v. wnno; a. ft.— PL 
fljoj KMTO. Targ. 0. Deut. XXVIII, 59 (Y. yWTO)j a. fr.— 
Targ. Y. Lev. XXYI, 18 xrxrxa. — Targ. Prov. XX, 30 
n~-r,-2 (ed. Lag. KTilrTO, Var. ''BltTO, corr. ace); Targ. Y. 
Deut. XXIX, 21 WTniTO (fr. KWB).- [V. XVna,] 

nrjIl/G f. (b. h.; nr^) 1) coal-pan. Kel. II, 3 iWifi 'a 
a coal-pan the rims of which are broken off (having a 
flat plate only), opp. ib. 7 nab'3 '32. Yoraa V, 1; a. e — 
2) smiff-dish.—Pl. niniro. Men. 88 b iP T / E ttu/ l rrtlpte 7X" 
-::n TO the tongs and the snuff-dishes of the candlestick 
were not made out of the Kikkar of gold; Yalk. Ex. 
369; a. e. 

S"rr~ VT r nnr:, v . «rmirm. 

t -: - J t : — . - t • 

nwtd, T¥TP-> v - *---- 

rPHTD, v. xn'riina. 

NTTllTG f. ch. = h. nWTO. Targ. O. Num. XVII, 11 

(Y. S-Vrrr)! Targ. H Chr. XXVI, 19; a. fr.— PL f?*™, 

: S-"-rr^. Targ. Num. XVI, 6; 17. Ib. XVH,2 (Y. 

ed. Amst. XT,na, corr. ace). Targ. Y. ib. 13; a. e. 

SZrr!!2 m. (rr:) declivity. Targ. Josh. VH, 5 (h. text 
-— : |; a. e., v. xr-rina. 

rPrinD f. (b. h. ; "inn) breaking in, breach. Snh.Vin, 6 
... ...... /„- ^--j jj e w jj Q treats ^ ^ j U( 3g e d (allowed to 

be killed with impunity) on account of what he will do. 
lb. 72 a ; Yoma 85 b 'a - ! X-r-J "Xa what is the reason of the 
law allowing to kill one breaking in (Ex. XXII, 1)? — Snh. 
72 b '31 ■:; 'a xbx "b 'px the text speaks only of breaking 
in, whence can it be proven that the thief found on one's 
roof &c. may be killed? — Ib. 'SI IT 17— rna his breaking 
in serves the place of forewarning (he knew what he might 
expect). Ib. 103 a (ref. to -""!, II Chr. XXXTTT, 13, v. 8. 
Baer, Liber Chron., p. 126, a. Rabb. D. S. to Snh. 1. c. note 
200) '" ' - r -= nn"pn lb ns5;r the Lord made for him an 
opening in the heaven to receive him &c. ; (Pesik. Shub., 
p. 162 b rTTWt)t Midr. Till, to Ps. CXVm, 'an TO..X".ia na 
what has he found in our possession (taken) from the 
place we broke into? Ib. 'fCHl "" 'an the place broken into 
is the City (of Jerusalem); a. e. 

^THPImQ ch. same. Targ.O. Ex.XXII, 1 . Targ. II Chr. 
XXXlri. 13" (v. preced.). — Snh. 72" 'ni tO ''Xbr TX- b= 
I should kill any one that would break into my house, 
except &e— Ber. 63 a (prov.) "np X3am 'a 31EX X3:5 En 
Yaakob (missing in ed. ; Ms.M.2 XIS-X"!, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 
1. note 40) the thief at the entrance of the breach calls 
on the Lord for help.— PI. X"rna. M. Kat. 25 b ; Snh. 
109 a (Ms. F. ■'rrrra, v . Babb. D. S. a.l. note 50), v. "-. 


T T T ' 

8:20, v. ---.. 

^".iK".^ m. (b. h.; xax::) broom. Gen. B. s. 79, end, 
v. x:"-a; Y. Meg. II, 73 a bot., v. x:"bx. 

fctrfenMSE, HmaiSn, v. xr-_: 

T T T-' TT T - X :- - 

5^ fc ,!lp;2T2Q m. pi. (v. next w.), 'O ^3 (n^2) slaughter- 
ing place (in the Temple). Eduy. VIII, 4, a. e.— Kel. XV, 
6; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. V, 7, v. rtaTO. 

DTjS^C m. pi. (n33) slaughtering ; 'an PFO, slaughter- 
ing place (in the Temple). Midd. Ill, 5 (Mish. ed.D^nrva). 
Ab. V, 5 (Strack a. other pointed ed. read a^rEKa). 

""t-"' "Z'2'C c. (r=-jH) l) coin, medal (v. X'^STO). 
B. Earn. 97 u sq. 'an nbO£:i 'rn bv ... mban if one loans 
money in a certain coin, and that coin was afterwards 
repealed, '31 X21V1 'a lb * ( ni3 he must pay him in the 
present legal coin. Dj. b tto IS^im 'an bs . . . mban if 
one loans &c, and the coin was in the meantime made 
larger (heavier), '31 FltXTtl 'a lb )T\M. B. Mets. 45 b , sq., 
v. tfV^n.— B. Kam. 1. c. X"X biT 'a the Abraham medal; 

a. fr.— PL rnraaaa, fwaaa b. Mets. n, 2 '31 nt 'a neb© 

three coins heaped upon another, v. bxa. Y. ib. 8 b fflrblE 
T1 be 'a three coins of three different kings; a. fr. — Ab. 
d'R. N. ch. XVIII 'a 'a nbl3 nilpn bs nirs (v. ed. Schechter 
note 5) he assorted the entire law (like) coins, i. e. system- 
atized. — 2) type (of prayers, documents), formula. Y. Ber. 
V, 9 b '31 br HPttSa WW1 xb'tf that you do not change 
the formula of a benediction. Ib. bot n313 'a lalX he 
recites the regular form of the benediction. Ib. VI, 10 b 
bot '31 'an by nroan b3 (read TO) he who changes the 
formula of prayers which the scholars have fixed. Gitt 
5 b , a. e. '31 'aa n*Tan b3 he who changes the formulas 
of documents &c. Y. Meg. Ill, end, 74 c nr-Z'^a "ppm HOB 
'31 bl23 Moses introduced as a type of prayer, O God, the 
great &c. ; a. fr. 

fcOZ"!!^ ch. same, coin, medal. Targ. II Esth. m, 9 
'a "ni3' workers in the mint. Targ. Esth. IX, 4 n^saca 
his medal (h. text tfaffl); cmp. attpiia. 


V. "KT2. 

ntSG, i7£pl2 f. (b. h. ; n-j:) couch, bed, frame, bier. 
Ned. Vli, 5, v. T «feT3. Ib. 56 a , a.'fr. ir^a rx rtDtah, v. r,tz. 
Ib. b a">b3b niniTOn 'a a bed designated for the exhibit of 
garments (not slept upon); Snh. 20 a . Ber. HI, 1 'an 'Wfi 
those carrying the bier;— nb^a bttJ'a, xrb' 1 b3'a,v.nr5, 
fitnVfca.— Sabb. 47* v. tjlp L— PL ttiua, "a. Ned. 56 a ; a. 
fr.— Trnsf. family, offspring. Lev. B. s. 36 iraa nn^ttJ 
mafbC his bed was perfect, his children were all right- 
eous; Sifra BTrack., Par. 2, ch. VIII. Ber. 60 b . Pes. 56 a 

b%S "^raroa iT 11 Stae perhaps there is a blemish in 

my family; a. e. 

T\W2 m. (b. h. ; na:) 1) staff. Ab. V, 6 'an the staff 
of Moses. Ex. B. s. 3 13 ''~Z-~r- 'an the staff with which 
thou shalt chastise him. Ib. 'the signs which I placed in 
thy hands' (Ex. TV, 21) 'an nt that means the staff; a. 
fr.— 2) tribe. Tosef. B. Hash. HI (H), 3 'ai 'a bs b? raba 
three notes for each tribe; Y. Succ. V, 55 c . 


v. naia. 





ffl2)Q adv. (b. h.; aa fr. HttJ, a. h locale) downward, 
(used as a noun) 6e/ow. Tanh. B'shall. 23 b© ttJK nana 
'a blB . , . , Slbya through the fire from above were his 
wheels below ignited; (Yalk. Ex. 235 IttabttJ ...ibsabttJ, v. 
infra). Hag. II, 1 (ll b ) 'ab tVff\ hbyabfia what is above 
(in heaven) and what is below (in the nether woi'ld,Rashi : 
above the Hayoth, below the Hayoth, v. PW1). Tosef. Ber. 

V, 5 Uairi 'ob lb ittjibtt) he who is the third in rank re- 
clines below him (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Triclinium); a. fr. — 
Euphem. for fibsa in order to avoid a blasphemous ex- 
pression: B. Kam. 79 b btt) "jtlKl . . . 'a bttJ yV tW9 bl3"03 
'31 'a he treated, if one may say so, the divine eye as if 
did not see, and the divine ear as if did not hear. — Frequ. 
•JOO. Y. Yoma VII, 44 b 'a bffl . . . ',bya b\15 ni1H»3 as the 
service in heaven, so is that on earth; Lev. B. s. 21, end 
(not rvmiD). Y. E. Hash. II, 58 b *»btt5 Y'a the court on 
earth; a. fr. 

rHnTOQ f. CUTO) water pipe of a bath, gutter. Mikv. 

VI, 11; Tosef. ib. V, 8. lb. VI, 4 '31 nbll) 'aia ',aia when 
the gutter of the bath opens into private ground. — PI. 
WhrjWD. Tosef. Erub. XI (VIII), 9. 

^UQ f. Coi) inclining (the ear &c), favor.— 'n T» to 
ask a favor, beg. Targ. Y. Ex. XI, 8. Targ. Ps. LXXII, 
12.— Yoma 87 a (in Hebr. diction.) '31 'a ffipaari he who 
begs his neighbor (to forgive him). — 'aa, xnittaa (cmp. 
TO) I pray. Targ. Y. Gen. XLHI, 20. Targ.Y.I ib. XLIV, 
18* Targ.Y. Ex. XXXII, 31; a. fr.— Yoma 72 b 13^">a 'an 
I beg of you. Snh. 97 a 13*«3a 601*3 '03 ed. (Ms. M. 'an 
131131a); a. fr. 

1*11130 f.(b.h.jriiB) yarn. Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXIII, 4. 

N*Wl"lT32 f. (iiD I) spider. Targ. Job VIII, 14 'a 13 
(Ms. Krill-jaj spiderweb. 

tito:, v. -m?. 

me£, plumb-line. Kel. XII, - 8 'Bla'a Ar. a. Mish. (some ed. 
rV&Bteaj ed. Dehr. nfijoioa; Talm. ed. nb'oblBa); Tosef. 
ib. B. Bath. VII, 12 nibabBa. Kil. VI, 9 '31 mibh 'a ibifcO 
(Ms. M. 'biaa) as if a plumb-line were suspended on it 
(take the vertical line). — 2) stem with foliage attached to 
a fruit.— PI. hftofeo (cmp. RrYllbBto). Y. Ab. Zar. 1, 39' 1 
"ir?" , riibl2iMaa i )" 1 bai153S' 1 K pine cones with their attachments 
(so that they can be used for the thyrsus, v. Sm. Ant. s. 
v. Thyrsus). — 3) (cmp. rvbaa) a pad or cushion made of 
pieces of cloth. Sabb.V, 3 'aa ba5 KS"» nb the camel must 
not be taken out (on the Sabbath) with the pad on his 
back; expl.Y.ib. 7 b bot.,v.i<n3i35. Bab.ib.54 a !-milJpn 'aa 
133ta the pad tied only to his tail (hence liable to slide 
down); Tosef. ib. IV (V), 3 '31 rT*fcrYl 'an with the pad 
hanging (loosely lying) on his hump to let the air strike 
through; ib. [read:] 13313 lb mifflpri 'aa KIM XUli b3S< 
'31 iniisnai.— Tarn. V, 4 '31 'a 'pas there was on the top 
of the lid (of the coal pan) a sort of pad (with which to 
handle it). Tosef. Sabb. VI (VII), 1 '31 'a TOph he who 

ties a pad to his hip (a superstitious custom).— P/.nibaiaa 
rvfttsbittS/ v. supra. 

N*Tlt20, Ber.44 b ,v. HBII. 

TT T : • ' • : 

bltDQ, byU12 I (btt, ^B, v. bto^X; cmp. f») on ac- 
count of ',' for the sake of. Targ.Y. I Num. XXV, 8 "p^bx 'a 
on account of these persons. Targ. Ps. XLIV, 27 (h. text 
}S»b).— "*1 'a because, for. Targ. Ps. I, 6.— R33T1 'a, 'On 'a 
therefore (h. p by), lb. 5. [Ib. 4 S33in 'a ed. Wil., strike 
out 'a, as ed. Lag.]— lb. XLIX, 15 ; a. tr.—t^flxm for my 
sake, Tjfjbliia for thy sake, &c. Targ. Prov. VIII, 15, sq. 
Ms. (ed.WK biaa !).— Targ. Ps. CXV, 1 ; a. fr. 

t^M II (b^lffi l)m.(bbu) moving, march(=h.2tt). 
Targ. 0. beut. X, 11 (ed. Berl. ; aa), v. KiVBa II. 

b^DlI 'm.h. (bas) handkerchief— PI. ytyiak. Yalk. 
Gen. 7 ; Yalk. Ps. 848 'aai and by waving handkerchiefs 
(for salutation); Gen. R. s. 5; s. 28 "pVnsa, "pbua (corr 
ace.).— V. "pbsiasa. 

blffi III, M^ISQ (b*05 III, «b*Oq, "tag) 

m. (bai) 1) weight, burden (h. &tisa). Targ. 0. Num. XI, 
11 (ed. Amst. 'a). Targ. ib. IV, 27 (0. ed. Amst. fol fBB, 
read: 'baa). [Ib. 24 bttfiab ed. Berl., biaab ed. Amst.; Y. 
biaab, infin. of bo?.]— Targ. Y. I ib. XXV, 8 fcbfesj "ja 
through the weight (of the two bodies); a. fr.— Y. Hag. 
I, 77 b top 'a nn .. .. 'pYDttD yiini pVwa -,ib "pyaa -pin 
they (the Romans) made them carry loads (on the Sab- 
bath), and they (the Jews) arranged it so that each two 
persons should carry one load. — P/."pbiaa. Targ.Is.XLVI, 
1. — Y. Hag. 1. c. — 2) burden of prophecy. Targ. Is. XXI, 1 
Rashi biaa (ed. baa); Y. Taan. IV, 69 b top &013153 31'a 
a heavy burden of prophecy (charge) against Arabia. 
V. ttbaa. 

rbubinq, v . nbaiaa. 

JtfFplTOO f. 1) booth, v. w^baa.— 2) (with suff. of 
personal pronoun) on account of, v. b^aa. 

, v. Mia I. 

N&"©1B52, v. msbtvd. 

SHED or StlO? m. (MB I, v. Targ. Y. Gen. XV, 6) 
rebellion, reproach. Targ. Job I, 22 'a "»bia Ar. s. v. IIB 2 
(ed. iana, iBMa, fr. Nan II, sinful words ; h. text nbsr). 

KEl^HED, v. wnrnm 

T T T : - t : - : 

|N-2I3 m. Ojna) grinding mill for olives. Ex. R. s. 
36, beg." 

SST1T20 f. (Mail; cmp. MI-id Ps. LI, 8) kidney, loin. 
Gitt. 69 b ' 'Sl'nipiraa'W-lX (Ar. ed. Koh. Knnaa, some ed. 
fctrxnaa) on this (his) loin and ... on the other loin. 




enQ,tsap,v.t 3 
iltana, v. ibm 

"T2I2S, C^S) pr.n.(=V"-~--, redupl. of 133, v. 
x~33) [Chief of the Service,] Mattatron (Mittatron), name 
of the chief of the angels (corresp. to B^sn 1*0). Targ. 
Y. I Gen. V, 24 Wl X~£3 -: M., the chief recorder.— 
Snh. 38 b (ref. to Ex. XXTV, 1, cmp. Targ. Y. a. 1.) "3Va nt 
that is M. whose name is like that of his master (with 
ref. to Ex. XXIII, 21, cmp. Eashi a. L). Hag. 15 a tJ» XTn 
2* Ms.M.(ed. repeatedly " 1 "3) saw M. to whom permission 
.riven to be seated while writing down &c. Ab. Zar. 
: N--X r-"3-x Ms. M. (ed. ^a) if yon choose, say it 
wa< M. (that instructed the children). Lam.B. introd. (B. 
Joh. 1) W htm 'z X3 M. came and fell upon his face. Sifre 
Deut. 338 [read:] '=* nKIB '" rrr, ""Z^XB with his (Moses') 
finger Melatron pointed out to Moses &c. ; Talk. ib. 949 
(v. — j-j-;j. [Gen. E. s. 5, v. lioo^a] 

"U r> &*«» ""■?? (=t. K2B) 1) to stretch, reach; to 
arrive at; to obtain; to happen to. Targ. Gen. XI, 4 (Y. II 
■«38a). Targ. 0. ib. X, 19 (h. text rata). Targ. II Kings 
XIX, 26. Targ. Koh. VIII, 14; a. fr.— Targ. Esth. V, 2 
[read :] ~~"; ?~z~. and it (the scepter) reached her hand 
(▼. Meg. 15 b ) .— Snh. 109 a '31 wA 'z "O when he arrived 
at a certain inn. Keth. 63 a iTQi-b X"^^ "3 when she came 
near him. Ib. W m 'zvz 'z the eve of the Day of Atone- 
ment came. E. Hash. 1 2 b r VTO B a r,z 'ZZ"\ yitTfi 1"X "'OX 1"X 
W said E. A. in the name of E. Job., and they arrived 
in the chain of tradition up to 'in the name of E.J. the 
Galilean' (an editorial gloss). Y.Ber.HI,6 a top,a. fr. tTTOO 
c:-X an accident (mourning) befell him. Y. PeahVHI, end, 
- "T'j-nand so it happened to him (as he had wished). 
Ib. '31 b*3"B 'z xbl and he had no chance to dine with him. 
Y. Snh. VI, 23 c ; Y. Hag. II, 77 d bot. xbl X^a tQO TO 
' z wanted to fetch water but could not. Ib. 78 s top bs 
z- --:-. v. x:-t. [Ib. '31 TOSi ■*» b3, read: ptO in bs 
•tfl let each of us do &c] Y. Keth. IV, 28 b top nns^BB 
'z- -:x~ -xnb thou hast found that which E... said; ib. 
VXWnm.— Hag. 5 a Xlp ^xnb 'a 'z when he came to this 
verse. Snh. 100 a *y\ 735" ~'~z ~z when (in preparing wrap- 
pers for the scrolls) they came to the roll of Esther; a. 
v. fr. — [Hull. 132 a top !p*B0 we or they (the words of 
the text) have reached thee, agree with thee, Eashi; v. 
x:"jl.]— 2) (sub. ftfr i nr a or Mam) to be ripe, ready. Hag. 
1. c. '31 13B1 ~:n p*BB." he left those (figs) which were ripe 
and plucked those which were not. Hull. 112 a XBB !"!Xmn 
the lower portion was ready (roasted). 

Af. ibbx to cause to reach; to fetch, bring, offer. [Targ. 
Y. II Gen. XI, 4 %:bb part, pass., v. supra.] Targ. Y. ib. 
XXVII, 25. Targ. 0.' Lev. IX, 12; a. fr.— B. Kam. 117 a '•tl 
)inz ■'-■CXI take it up and hand it over (to the King's 
treasury) in our presence ; '31 'XI XII he did take it up 
&c. Ib. 119 b , a. e. m ""inxi ^"IMBX (not ^IBBX) is leading 
the needle forth and bringing it home one stitch (=h. 
x--rv "pVtt)? B.Bath. 21 a '31 ',:rzzz xb, v. Xp T «- I. Keth. 
103 1 ' sq. '=1 'sb VffWM they took him to Sepphoris 
which lies high. Gen. B. s. 14, beg.; ib. 20 X3X yu'W ]Z 

yzb " 1 ?O0 from your own language I will offer (proof) to 
you; a. fr. 

Ithpe. "oanx to repair to. Targ. 0. Num. XXIII, 15; 
a. fr. 

8&BBJQ, v. Mxna. 

T : : - t : • 

aDDsq ftra fjsn, no...) m . ^44 ,». 

Y. Kil. iX, 32 a top 'a 'I'i'liUil shirayin (Mish. ib. IX, 2) is 
silk. Sabb. 20 b , v.r,S3. Y. B. Mets. IV, 9 C bot. 'ab fttm 3TP 
gave an earnest money on silk. Lev. E. s. 34 information 
was brought against them 'a 'pin3...l3 that they dealt 
in silks (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Sericum). B. Kam. 117 b XMn 
':■ ' -X "'inxi one informed (the royal officers) of the silk 
goods of E. A.; — PI. VtXJIJU , 'Z'Z, ~zz~z, 'pBB. Targ. 
Esth. I, 6 (h. text "IB).— Gen! E. s. 40 BVP X3X 'al I am 
willing to pay the duty on silk goods. Y. B. Kam. VI, 
end, 5 C xba Wl 'a it (the bag) contained silk goods. Gen. 
E. s. 77, v. xb^na; Cant. E. to HI, 6; a. fr. 

^ ^."Q m. (;?:) javelin for thrusting. Targ. I Sam. XVH, 
6 (h. text "JIT'S).— PL K^BO. Targ. Job XL, 18 Ms. (ed. 
X'.'-zz, Eegia xr-lbBB; h. text l^BO). 

Sv"£l22 m., constr. baa (v. blaalH) imposed destiny, 
burden of prophecy. Targ. Is. XIIT, l (h. text Xtta). Targ. 
II Kings IX, 25. Targ. Is. XXI, 1 (Kimhi "jb-JB, V. K&M; 
Eashi blBa); a. fr. 

tt: t - : t t: - 

5^5 h3/Q m. (z\i: I) shade, cover. Targ.Y. Num. XIV, 14. 

"]1503 m. (bb-j, v. bzb-J; cmp. Jer. XXII, 26) exile, 
place of banishment. Num. E. s. 7 ' f ' t t M3 bttJ 'a the place 
of exile for those condemned to banishment. Deut. E. s. 
2; ib. s. 6, v. 1~-J. 

71 'J i"I2u f. (diminutive of n^baa) a small patch. — 
PL ttt*ytbf3Q, v. r'b-jz. 

Sr"^"^Q f. f>») l) javelin, v. b'ja.— 2) thrusting.— 
*,i33X mhzi-z stoning to death,v. xrsibisx. Targ.Y. Ex. XXXI, 
15; a. e. 

STJT^D m. (babB) 1) exile, homeless.— PL x^b/jb-j". 
Targ. Mic. IV, 6, sq.; Targ. Zeph. HI, 19 (h. text nrbs.1). 
—2) (mostly pi.) "zSysz, 'BT3=next w. Yeb. 99 a 'a X133 
'31 'al a slave is chattel, and chattel (in E. Mei^s opinion) 
is seizable for widowhood; Keth. 81 b '31 xb fQWOb '31 
and chattel is not seizable &c. ; a. fr. 

"J" V2 " "5D, 4 WD m. pi. (bdbo) movable goods, chattel, 
opp.Spipa immovable propert\-. Kidd. 26 b ; B. Bath. 156 b 
~z~r, 'z ",5 "- had a large fortune in movables. B. Mets. 
ll b , v. 2SX. Tosef. Kidd. I, 8, sq. B. Mets. IV, 1 "p:ip 'z b= 
'31 nt all movables (exchanged) buy each other, i. e. tak- 
ing possession by the one gives possession to the other 
party ; a. v. fr. 

»OTD, v. Brtsan 





rpb'JD, Lam. R. to III, 7, v. HtyfO. 

SSTlwIDP f. (bVj) protection, shade. Targ. O. Lev. 
XXIII, 43 Ms. (v. Bed. Targ. 0. II, p. 37), v. M$baa. 

I"pbnG f. (nVj) patch, strip; lining. Kel. XXVII, 12 
'31 niyin 'a S]S even a new piece of that stuff. Y.Meg. I,71 d 
top 'an "pbial and is mended by underlining a patch. Gen. 
K. s. 4, beg. S">p*lb 'a niW 1 let there be made a lining to 
the firmament (be made stronger). Kel. XXVI, 2 T*bs> nba 
nfeCfflh nx (R. S. nibaa) if he underlined the bag. Tosef. 
OhoLXIV, 6 ; Zeb. 94 a ; a. fr.— Trnsf. a strip of land. Lam. 
R, to III, 7 (ref. to "H2>n mi, ib.) '31 bU3 'a It (not il^CJa) 
that means the Samaritan enclave (between Galilee and 
Judaea).— PI. ni^aa. Ib. introd., end 'a 'a nnix yisnm 
they planted the land by strips (not the whole at a time); 
Y. Keth. XII, 35 b top nsnu» nn^n 'a 'a the land was burn- 
ed up strip-wise; Y. Kil. IX, 32 c ; Pesik. Dibre, p. 114 a ; 
(Yalk. Dan. 1066 rYP3boa). Lam. R. introd. (R. Abbahu 3, 
ref. to Ez. XXIV, 6) Qibia ltl 'a 'a they were exiled by 
districts (not all at once); Yalk. Ez. 362.— Dimin. rv^aa, 
rv^Vja; pi. WDib-ja.'baa. Sabb. I25 a '3i ",nn 'pwB 'a (Ar. 
ni^aa) strips of less than three square handbreadths ; 
Succ. 16 a ; B. Bath. 20 a ; a. e. — Yalk. Dan. 1066, v. supra. 

#yyj!2, STJD m. f>te I) shelter, hut, booth. Targ. 
Ps. X^ 9 (Ms. KVfva).— Y. Succ. Ill, beg. 53° &6&B rVfc T&S 
'31 put up a festive booth for himself in the street. — PI. 
X'baa (N^aa). Targ. 0. Lev. XXIII, 42 (ed. Amst. rYjbaa, 
corr. ace). Targ. II Sam. XI, 11; a. fr. 

RTubUD, NDbtQQ f. same. Targ. Is. I, 8. Targ. 
Jon. iV, 5. Targ. Y.Lev. XXIII, 42 ; a. e. — Constr. nb'Ja 
(nVaa). Targ. 0. ib. 43 rfsoa (Ms. I n^Vja, III t^tttt 
pi.). Targ. Is. IV, 6. — Esp. festive booth, Succah. Succ. 
3" 'bbaal xaiSN Ms. M. (ed. anbiaa, anbaa, v. Rabb. D. 
S. a. 1. note) at the entrance of the Succah. Ib. 28 b 'an in 
the Succah, 'aa in without the Succah (in the house &c). 
Y. M. Kat. Ill, 82 a '31 rr*$B0 PWl if his (the mourner's) 
Succah is small; a. fr. — [Treat. S'mah. ch. XI, end Xribaa 
Xa*i3*l the watchman's hut in the vineyard — a mistaken 
gloss to ^^IIX, which found its way into the text; v. 
M. Kat. 27 a , a. T^**.]— PL SXtym, "jlbBO. Targ. O. Lev. 
1. c, v. supra. Targ. Gen. XXXIII, 17 (Y.' *,Vja). 

SD J10l12 I m. javelin, v. baa. 

fcO^DlQ II m. (bbia, Vj3, cmp. I'ftaa) journey (h. i'&a). 
[Targ.Is.XXI,l ',b"jaKimhi, v. xbua.)— PI. "pabaa, constr. 
■»At30. Targ. Num! XXXIII, 1 ; a. fr. 

fPDTjQ f. diminutive of mbaa, q. v. 

SST1^^12D f. (2>ba) limping. Keth. 103 b (to Levy who 
was lame) ^nsbaabl "jb fcO"*1X do we need thee and thy 
limping (lame remark)? 

rfcoa, v. rrtoo. 

TMT2Q, 'UPD m. (aaa) jfce/inc, t*se of the root aia. 
Tosef. B. Mets. VI, 18 (ref. to tStffi, p 8 . XV, 5) '31 ntn 'art 
(ed. Zuck. aia^an) we know not in what sense this 'de- 
cline' is meant; Y. ib. V, end, 10 d 'aa^an; [Yalk. Ps. 665 
'31 ais'rt this yimmot &c.]. 

"pQIQQ m. (b.h. ; "jaw) secret chamber, treasury; treas- 
ure.— PI. eroia-ja. Num.R. s. 9 'an -pnb . . . lb^nrn the 
inhabitants of the city began to put their gold and silver 
in the secret chambers of the fortress; Tanh.Naso5. Lev. 
R. s. 1 'an "bin he goes (to her) through secret walks 
(of the palace), v. next w. Cant. R. to I, 1, v. iZJSn; a. e. 

rPjlQDEl f. (preced.) secrecy— PI. rTV^iaaa. Tosef. 
Dem. II, 9 'an . .mn (Var. ni3laaan, rWfraooa, corr. ace.) 
if they repent in secret, opp. fcOCmsn; Ab. Zar.7 a ; Bekh. 
31 a .— Lam. R., introd. (R. Josh.l)'an "jm!* "piniS TVl (some 
ed. FYTOaiian) they worshipped idols in secret; Yalk. Ez. 
348.— Gen. R. s. 52 'an "bin he goes to her in secret; ib. 
s. 74 (v. preced.). Ib. s. 17 'an nab why did he do it se- 
cretly (while Adam was asleep)? — Pesik. R. s. 8 whatever 
a man does '31 "jttjnn 'an in secret, in the dark or openly ; 
Yalk. Prov. 959. Pesik. R. 1. c. rYV'OaaanO whatever is 
hidden in the secret chambers (of the heart) ; a. e. 

rD"lQt2D f. (preced.) treasure in charge. Snh. 100 b 
(quot. fr. Ben Sira) SOU) 'a n^njrtb nn a daughter is to her 
father a false treasure (causing anxiety). — PI. rii' s 3iaaa. 
Midr. Till, to Ps. CXIX, 17.— V. preced. 

asfinog, v. *&$. 

fcCV^lEIGQ, Y. B. Bath. VI, end, 15 c , v. Htf^OOq. 

fctH'OGiQ m. fiaa) 1) hiding place. Targ. Is. XXXII, 
14.— T 2) hidden object.— PI. "piaiSO. Targ. Ob. 6; Targ. 
Jer. XLIX, 10 (some ed. '"laaa). 

^r^HIQTDQ f. (preced.) hiding place, hidden place. 
Targ. "is. XXII, 8 (h. text ~0a).— PI. Kn^iaaa. Targ. 
I Sam. XXIII, 23 (not "niaja; h. text d^nna). Targ. 

Jud. VI, 2 (not "niaaa ; h. text niinsa). 

T2UOQ, Nithpa. aaaans (contr. of asaasa, v. a?a) 
to be crumbled, reduced to atoms. Erub.80 b , v. a?a Nithpa. 

UOUQ oh.(v.a*ffi)fo make shaky. Part, pass.f.naaaaa. 
Lam. R. 'introd. (R. Han. 2) (expl. niSia, Prov. XXV, 19) 
'a bll a wavering walk; v. fcOSla. 

yrnffla, v. *?»». 

ET^DED, v. nisiaaa. 

N3JGI3Q, SISjiataa m. (BOB) sinking; (with K»a») 
sunsel;''uesi. Targ.Y.Deut. XI,30(ed. Amst. xsnaa). Ib. 
XXI, 23 riaaa. Targ.Ps. CXIII, 3. — PI. 'psiaavpraaa, 
"^aSJO. Y. il. Hash. II, end, 58 b yWOOB T^ (corr. ace.) 
fourteen sunsets. Gen. R. s. 63 '31 Ka*P "Waaa D9 Ar. (ed. 
■\::"3a corr. ace.) on Friday at sunset. 




SHOES, v. ffniaaa. 
]®2, v. mm 

mana, v. »». 

t : - : 'i- : 

3? 1230 m. (b. h.; SM) plantation. Y. Kil. IV, beg. 29 a 
VH3. 313 91302 X3\M RTffi provided it was originally a large 
vine plantation. Lev. R. s. 25 nVttTl '323 ttVtf IpDJTlfl X? 
as the first thing be engaged in nothing but planting; 
a. e. 

H2I20, rC?t2Df. 1) same. Gen.E. s. 15, beg.; Midr. 
Till, to Ps. CIV, 16 yr&on pSKattn they (the cedars) shall 
enjoy their transplantation. Gen. R. s. 30 Q"m-0 KPtta 
plantation of vineyards. Cant. R. to II, 3 313 h® n"3"23 
(prob. fiWlsaa pi.) like the rows of plants in a vineyard. 
Midr. Sam. ch. XXVIII fcW -p^tTQ Tjnsaa whence is thy 
origin? — 2) cultivated state, opp. pFfln. Y. Kil. IV, end, 
29 c in?B3a inr more than when it is cultivated. Midr. 
Sam. ch. XXV '31 nSEp: "tf«B nSKO rtHTl miTi; he saw his 
(Saul's) plantation cut down (his descendants put to death, 
v. II Sam. ch. XXI), and did not worry about it &c. ; Yalk. 
Ps. 765 bV*U (corr. ace). 

NPO^EO, Mr} • . . f. (nrj) exhilarating effect of 
the wine. Y. Gitt. Ill, end, 45 lj "2»1tl UWo (the distinc- 
tion between "j'ih and 1W">a is made) on account of its 
effect; Y. B. Bath. VI, end, 15 c *y»aO (corr. ace). 

S T ^.EO f - ( n ?3) [leading astray,] prostitute. Targ. 
Lev. XXI, 7 (some ed. &t*3»a). Targ. Y. I Gen. XXXIV, 31 
fci^DO.— K, v. next w.' 

Nr n 2oo f- same> Targ- Y Gen XXXVIII) 21) sq 

Targ. Y. Deut. XXIII, 19.— PI. KrY*SBa. Targ. Y. Num. 
XXIV, 14. Targ. Y. Gen. XLII, 9 (not'^-JO). lb. 12 W^^Oa 
constr. (not '>..). 

**O^OOf. C ? 1 ?) savory, refreshing. Targ. Hab.1,16 

(h. text nie^Q). 

i\72s^!2m. (preced.) refreshment. Y. Snh.II,20 c bot. 
rTBJJDS Tr** (corr. ace.) bring refreshment (for the mour- 
ner)— [which may also mean good cheer, whence the 
reply: 'send and get Menahem &c.']. 

"O2120, Gen. R. s. 63, v. KSaBB. 

' t : : • 

TlTrlZs'JZ f. ch.=nextw. Y.Ned. VIII, beg. 40 d Kin 
'31 /- 2 the partaking of food for the sake of tasting requires 
no benediction, nor is it subject to laws about robbery &c. 

i iyQ!^ta372 f. (taso) tasting. Ber. u* nana nsisa ns-ix 'a, 

v. preced. 

nnSi^H f. (b. h.; hfiall) towel, apron (for wiping 
moist hands); in gen. bandage, wrap. Tosef. Hag. Ill, 2 
■inrTBoa his apron; Hag. II, 7. Kel.XXIV, 14 S^T ^('"2) 
towel, EHISG b» bands for scrolls; "pisri SwJS bands around 
shrouds; fft ■«3 "^33 bttl and the wraps of the musical 
instruments of the Levites (Maim.) ; (oth. vers. TW&n S>ttJ 

'31 ">b33 bands used for tying up the instruments &c). lb. 
XXVIH, 5 '50 nxU32>ttJ n&3 a bag of a bolster which was 
changed into a plain sheet; a. fr. — PL nintfpa. lb. XXIV, 
14 '31 )n 'a tt&ttJ there are three kinds of mitpahoth, v. 
supra. Snh. 100 a (in Chald. diet.) T3 D">1£3 ninsu"? i3pna 
'31 i3"i Ms. M. were fitting up wraps for the books in the 
house of &c. Kil. IX, 3; a. fr. 

Sr^DlDQ f. pi. (i£a II, cmp. fiBUB) drippings. Lam. 
R. to I, 1 *<n31 (ima in 7) 'a p from the nature of the 

opag, bgqo, v. pa. 

SCp"— sz7/c, v. Kbaaa. 

T»: - : ' t : - : 

HI20 m. (b. h.; 11a to drip; cmp. Iia) rain. Taan.6 b 
(ref. to TBJJjB, Am. IV, 7) 'a Bipa xnn it* will be a place 
where the rain will stand (in pools). lb. 9 a "Pn^ ^3^33 % 
rain is sent for the sake of au individual ; a. fr. 

I — -> Hif. I^an (b. h. ; denom. of preced.) to let rain. 
Tanh. ed. Bub., B'shall. 20 '31 TWaa. *Y*n I let rain 
bread &c. 

HOO ch., Af. lasx same. Targ. Y. Gen. II, 5. Targ. 
0. ib. XIX, 24. 

SHEO, SHE n ch. = h. VMS. Targ. O. Gen. II, 5. 
Targ.Job XXXVII, 11 (h. textilixi); a. v. fr.— Sabb. 65 1 '; 

Bekh. 55 M) VOtXfca hi that rain fell in the West 

(Palestine), the Euphrates is the great witness (when the 
Euphrates rises, it indicates that Palestine has had rain). 
Taan. 6 a '31 nb?3 "a, v. K53S; a. fr— PI. •plaa,"'}?. Targ. Y. 
Gen. XIX, 24. Targ. Ps. LXV, 10 Ms. (ed. sing.).— Taan. 9 b 
STWia''a ilplUa their rains are faithless (the signs of rain 
are deceptive). fp'JBU, f+ffQ womb, v. f*TB*Ta] 

TT- T TT~ t ■- 

t\\ IwD m. (*TTB; cmp. Arab. mt£rrt<7, hasta brevis) Me 
hunter's spear. Targ.Y. II Gen. XXXVI, 39 (play on Traa, 
ib.) '31 '223 19% tvm S033 ('Rashi' to Gen. R. s. 83 quotes: 

rr^ona tfceb mni x^iia xnsa, read : 'aa *sb) a (busy) 

man, for all his life-time he worked with the hunting 
spear ; Y. I XniTlD31 '223 with hunting spear and with 
net; Targ. I Chr. I, 50 S«Tni031 S<r«"J-23. 

fcO'lT.SQ, r0"lTiQ/G f.(matrona)rwa£ro»,farfy(mostly 
used of Roman women of quality). Gen. R. s. 41, beg., a. 
e., v. fOToVja. Ib. s. 52 *S n^as he raised her to the rank 
of a lady (who is protected from the gaze of men, v. 
nD3 II). Ex. R. s. 44 '31 "Q n&M!»l . . . I"&HB he took her 
for wife and made her a lady and gave her a chain &c. 
Gen. R. s. 4; a. fr.— PI. rwhafcj ni^sil^a, v. next w. 

rPDTTJQ f. (preced.) lady-like. Ex. R. s. 3 nnx nnE'J 
'a a maid, opp. n^SJls a negress (slave). In gen. lady. 
Num. R. s.16 (not an-cna^); a % e.— PL nraiiaa. Y.Ned. 

Ill, end, 38 b '31 nWTOO ^tib b'^3 (not "Vdb) this is to 
be compared to two ladies meeting one another (in car- 




riages). Ex. R. s. 19 niaYl nisi'isa TUB ed. Wil. (oth. ed. 
nTO . . .) two ladies apparently of equal rank. Sifre Deut. 
317 (ref. to Deut. XXXII, 14 'with the fat of &c.) 'a ■&* 
CfiblB this alludes to their (the Roman) ladies (living in 
luxury) ; a. fr. 

XiTi' 1 J , nPJ3 oh. same. Hull. 105 b . Ned. 50 a hot. |tfl 
'a and (he hecame rich) through a husiness affair with 
M matron (v. comment.). Kidd.40 a ; a. e.— PI. ar^SVVJa. 
Targ. Esth. 11,14 (not"<3...; h. text d^UJSbS). Targ. II Chr. 
XXXV, 25 (h. text tthtf !). 

*|"0"|j3T")12p f. (ftrjtpOKoXlO mctropolis,capital ; city. 
Meg. 6 a Q^sVa'blB 'a WWW . . . "HOp IT that is Caesarea . . 
for she hecame the residence of (the Roman) governors ; 
Lam. R. to I, 5 [read :] 'a "pap rVWW (strike out "p^B^m) 
Caesarea became &c. Gen. R. s. 92 '31 WMl tnOQ it was 
a metropolis and you say, 'they returned to the town'! ; 
a. fr.— [Gen. 11. s. 42, v. O^ViBinni^X.] 

K0BT"O3, v. #x>w&. 
T\T\T£D t v. mjga. 

*THT3Q m. rtn») funnel. Tosef. Kel. B.Mets.III, 12 
'31 ■plB3ttj''a (ed. Zuck. 1*1B3tt3) a funnel which is broken 
into or the pipe of which is off. 

"j n HIQD womb, v. IftBfy. 

■pbwreau v. rpisn-jrp. 

m&WlED, Sifre Deut. 204, v. pDMShW. 

ETChtDD, v. rvsTnoa, 

J$DT£Dm. = XB*pI, leaf.— PI constr. iFiaa. Targ. 
Y. Gen.*IlI,*7. 

l^bTC^nQ, v. •ppiB'h'ja.— [Midr. Till, to Ps. XXXVI, 

v. aiJBiVap.] 

TI"£Hr£)Q, Tosef. Ohol. XVin, 13, v. Tityntf??. 

^DSllSp/liSPQ m. (WHS, Pales ottfta) debt matur- 
ed for collection by seizure; 'xb bpB to get one's due, to 
be punished. Pes. 57 b . . . W4 rrfepttfcn Warn "fha 
'21 FWa M* t y>y9 ^ . ■ blessed be the Lord who caused 
Issachar ... to receive his due at his (the king's) hand in 
this world; (Ms. M. KM"HBB^.., 'ur^n^ptfh; Yalk.Lev. 
469 rVWO'na!) "01B1B 11 rTfcplFT, read: IDWl*); Ker. 28 b 

rrwnoals *&k rH&pwi. Yeb. ios b r^os^-jab 131 tvtyni 

Rabbi received his due (it served him right). Snh. 21 a 
nosna^ te'va JiF&plB Michal received her due. 

&S£TLjE m. (pn-j I) goad, whip. Yoma 23 a (expl. fcOla) 
'21 •W""»l' a-pup 'a Ar. (ed. omit fcO-Cp) a plaited whip 
of the Arabs the head (sting) of which is taken off. lb. 
77 a 'al SOClDa KaVn Ar. a. Ms. M. 2 (Ms. M.l 'a"l; ed. 
Vp&TStS, corr. ace.) perhaps yahef (II Sam. XV, 30) means 
without horse and whip? 

S^Hffi, '03» fcPlSDf. (n-js) l) (=h. rvnatja, twja, 

rniapX) service, post, watch, guard. Targ. 0. Num. Ill, 36 
1-Ja, v. "IBja. Targ. Is. XXI, 8. Targ. II Kings XI, 5. Targ. 
I Chr. XVIII, 17. Targ. 0. Deut. XVIII, 8 the division on 
duty (h. text msaa). Targ. Ex. XIV, 24 (Bxt. WWJB; h. 
text maiBX). — 'a rVB prison. Targ. Gen. XL1I, 17; 19 ; a. 
fr.— Lam. R. introd. (R. Abba 2)'a C*l the chief of the city 
guard.— PI. tfn'TOa, W}intt8, "J^-ja, 'J'ltta. Targ. I Chr. 
IX, 22. Targ. II Kings XI, 18. TaVg. Ps.LXIII, 7 (ed.Wil. 
sing.; h. text nilaiTN); a. e.— V. "jinatfa. — 2) safe, leather 
bag.— PI. «rhog t V«yinW3. Ab.Zar.lO b 'aB ..IT'S "TO rTtfl 
'si (Rashi in early ed». KriK'jKtfa, wyiwsa, v. Rabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 80) he sent him gold dust in bags and wheat on 
top. Keth. 110 a ^ nab 'a "©IBM why change bags (of 
equal weight from one side of the animal to the other)?, 
i. e. let the two accounts balance each other. 

"'Q I, -"a, ""la from, of; because, v. -a. 

*T2 II h. (b.h.) 1) who?; which?; he who. M.Kat. 
16 b '31 K*i1p "a fiNI Ms. M. (ed. omit nxi) see who calls 
thee outside. Keth. 64 b ^a DK "CUB ^a which hires which?, 
i. e. which (of the two) hires and which is hired? B. Bath. 
IX, 1 '31 naa "va he who (if one) died and left &c. lb. 
VI, 7 '31 TYl rirVrlTB "a he through whose field there is a 
public passage. lb. 6 '31 na^J lb WttJ "<a he who has a 
garden &c. ; a. v. fr— (Chald.) Ab. Zar. 41 b irVwn "HST" ^a 
Ms. M. (ed. np^BI) who can say (how do we know) that 
he cancelled it? — 2) [who will?,] Oh that! Sot. V, 2, a. 
e. '31 nbrri ■»», v. rft*. Pes. 49 b '31 n"n "b in' 1 ^a Oh that 
I had a scholar before me, and I would &c. ; a. fr. — 3) [ts 
there any?; in gen. introducing a question:] is there?, docs 
he? &c. Sabb. 31 a bbn 'SO i» does Hillel live here? Hull. 
33 a '31 iTa SC 1 !* ia is there anything which is permitted 
&c. Ber. 34 a top, v. WTO. Hull. 32 b '31 CflOSa "V *TQ 
how is it? can the first cut be combined with the second 
to effect &c? Naz. 32 b ■pTWO flirt "a . . . iVw if one had 
come .... would you have vowed ? lb. Tia* 1 !^ "pSTn ^a 
did they know when? lb. '31 TlB "pST! ^a did they know 
on what day? — Pes. 14 b , a. fr. "al ^a (sub. Nr6 Nfi) is 
there an analogy between the two cases?; v. "an I; a. 
v. fr. 

* { T2, ^12 what"?; v. ^xa. 

^12 water, v. B^a. 

^12 ch. pi. water, v. "pa. 

T - x ' 

"i^S^Q m. (-(Xa) a woman's protest against a marriage 
contracted during her minority, annulment of marriage. 
Yeb. XIII, 4 'a "inst aa a divorce issued after annulment 
(her husband having remarried her after annulment and 
then divorced her); 135 iHX'a annulment following divorce 
(having divorced and remarried her during minority). 
lb. 108 a ; Tosef. ib. XIII, 1 'a ttt (TrTPK) in what way 
is miun performed? Ib. nta bl'-rt 'a *fi 1 p» there can be 
no surer protest than this; a. v. fr.— PI. tr31K">a, "p31^a. 
Ib. 'a "'"CiD (Yeb. 107 b "Jl^a BJS) letters of protest. Yeb. 
108 a rT»3«IKta ",n *Jl rTMBTr^p her betrothal (to another 
man) serves as a declaration of protest. Snh. I, 3; a. fr. 

0*]fc i rO,(& ; l2$E) m. (DXa) repulsiveness, creating 




on.—'" r.ZTrz, v. ttJEpto. Y. Maas. Sh. II, 53 b bot. ; 
Y. Sabb. XIY, 14° X-rs C*xa it is a nauseous manipulation 
(and therefore forbidden on the Sabbath, v. nxpia). 

XC WC, nC"S)Q ch. same. Y. Maas. Sh. II, 53 b 
bot.; Y. Sabb. XIV, 14 c '2 *T«a 3KO what is the prac- 
tical difference between them? It lies in the applicability 
of the Sabbath law concerning repulsive things, v. preced. 

CHCSTC, Lam. E. to HI, 13 Ar., v. tiWVX 

x:s-:, v. «*«. 

"j^JSTE, v. ",om 

Tiro v. -oa 



V. 15. 

C" "*2, v. boa. 

"""■£, Y. Sabb. VI, 8 b hot., v. tfTtlO. 

SHUTD, v. K-- _. 

t: : • T :; • 

D^JPDi v.o"»ao. 

dtq v. Dw. 

"HJPE, Targ. Y. Ex. XV, 19 some ed., read: •**•«, v. 

fcCT^, ^-" r. (b. h.) pr. n. pi. Mecleba, a town on 
the Eastern side of Jordan. Mikv. XII, 1. 

iTPDj v. ens. 

"T"^, "T ■ m. (cmp. of *>, ~n a. "JO or ■«?) 1) [what- 
ever it may be,] something, anything. Targ. Job VI, 6 (sec. 
vers.). Targ. II Esth. I, 9.— Gitt. 56 b 'Z1 "2 -x:- - tR3 ask 
something of me that I may grant thee. Hor. 13 b . .Xab"H 
"2 XI— ;" " X=^X..(Ms. M. xrbi-2) is perhaps something 
(a conspiracy against me) going on at college? Snh. 38 a 
13 HVl "■" axp "~ xbl and they did not speak at all. Gitt. 
14 l "2 xb" -~Z* US xbl there was no surplus whatever in 
his account. Sabb. 62 b "2 xbl rrt "WR xbl and he said 
nothing to him (did not object). lb. '21 Tr>z\ tVWl 'a b2 
whatever is connected with enjoyment. Erub. 103 b lrfl 
"2 xb and there is nothing more to be said against it; a. v. 
fr.— Gen. B. s. 91 XC=^1 "'rr.z lb ""Z . . . *x (ed.Wil. fTCO ; 
read : T*J3Q) if we find that he argues with us about an 
affair of custom ; Yalk. ib. 148 X22*;z TR30 (corr. ace). — 
2) (cmp. "- a. ^32) [is there?] icill he, trill it? is it? &c. 

Ab. Zar. 53 b TrTn Tf HyjU '~2 will the war of Joshua 

come up again?; a. fr.— Shebu. 20 b , a. fr. XT-X 'B is this 
an argument?, v. X^IX. — "X MYM 'a something which 
can be placed by the side of, because it is analogous 
to. Nidd. 3 a '21 mom* fffm "2 because it is like the 
sensation of &c. Hull. 19 a ; a. fr. — [Not to be confounded 
with '*nq out of tlie power of, v. "P.] 

TTC, STITC, v. b^a, xb--. 

- t : • • • t : • 

D"PE m. (=--?-2 t with enclitic a for Xa) anything. 
Targ. Prov. XXVII, 7 -p*TOrt la bo (ed. Lag. WVTfrBSn ; Ms. 
Cl^a, coit. ace.) anything however bitter. 

SOOTO v. K»m 

T : : • t : - : 

XH"72, nn"'!2 (contr. of *a or "jO a. X}P, MTlj [f£-7ia<- 
ever it be, be it as it may,]hoicever, at all events. B. Kain. 

ioe b ">-pa tk xb xn "a anon Ms. M. (ed. -nrw xb ta xnirn) 

now, however, you see, he has not confessed. B. Mets. 
84 b tJ1 xb -a-3 bins '72 H *r fQ in knowledge, at all events, 
(even according to thy own admission) he was thy superior, 
(though) I do not know (cannot judge). Sabb. 125 a "HIX 
'21 'a ^b do at least admit that &c, v. "?«. Nidd. 6 b ttp 
'21 nroa 'a at all events it says 'loaves of T'rumah'; a. 
v. fr. [Not to be confounded with XPa from this, v. Xn.] 

^ITVD (preced.] [be it as it may,] but. Snh. 39 a Tlh 
'21 "J2X 'a Ms. M. (ed. omit "2) very well; but we &c. Ib.; 
Ab. Zar. 10 b '21 "a . . . Tana thou spokest well, but (there 
is a law that) he who defeats the King &c. ; a. fr. — [Ib. 
41 a b'm 'a XTi, read with Ms. M. ST*?.] 

HiT'El = ftto. Targ. I Sam. XXV, 34; 36, a. e- ed. 
Lag., v. 1P3. 

nrrc, v. wm 

Out — (not a...) m. (|xa'iouu,a;, 8., majuma) May- 
day; largess (to soldiers); a kind of mock sea-fight (in 
Home). Tanh., ed. Bub., Sh'mini 8; Num. E. s. 10 23209 32 
'21 '12 lb FPil . . . each tribe had its own May-day. Midr. 
Till, to Ps. XVIII, 13 [read as in ed. Bub.:] -jVin BWlBDI 
ibcj 'ab but when he (the King) goes out to celebrate his 
majuma; Yalk. Sam. 160 (Pesik. E. s. 21 DTSb; Ex. E. s. 
29 rn-axll; Sifre Num. 102 mb'J3).-[P/. ttWttbrOi Lev. 
E. s. 5 Ms. M. (ed. rrWtJWl).] 

— ^ r i !!2 (2 - l ; -) 1) (adv.) seated, in a sitting position, 
opp. WttO, Shebu. 38 b , v. la^ra. M. Kat. 20 b '23TI -=-"X 
5HD he recalled to mind that he had rent his garment 
while seated ; a. fr. — 2) sedate, collected, v. 3BJ\ 

JTlTH f. pi. (homiletically=r"'x -) hundreds, (at least) 
fooo hutidred. Num. E. s. 13 (play on nVOWlp, Lev. XXVI, 
13) 'a bo rrfflp a height of hundreds (Tanh. B'resh. 6; 
ed. Bub. 18 rrsx nxa). Num.E. 1. c. 2TX": t'---2 nx - : z'~ 
(not Zpp) kom (=n^p) is one hundred cubits, meyoth is 
two hundred (which combined makes three hundred); 
Gen. E. s. 12; Tanh. 1. c. 

mix v. xm2. 

t: • t: • 

rftFD, v. n-wa. 

t: • t. : 

^"?*I!2, v. icno. 

t: • t : - 

^VD, v. wtti 




Sn D m. (hPa, v. ^na 1) stirred flour in a dish, paste. 
Sabb. 37 b .— Ber. 37 b Ar. a. Ms. M. margin (ed. SOTffp). 

"^ITD m. (WTO) 1) cleansing. Pes. VI, 1 TQ^ip OD tbe 
cleansing of its bowels, expl. ib. 68 a . — 2) (= hNha) protest, 
declaration. Ib. 88 a Ol 'a *^> "pN there can be no more 
distinct manifestation of will than this. 

D^rTO m - ( &! »"0 ffrace. Targ.Y. Gen. XXXIII, 11. 
Targ. Y. II ib. XLIV, 21 "O^ Dina my gracious look. 

w^tTQ m. (dlhll) 1) apprehension, doubt. Kidd. 5 1 ' 
'a tYO *|SO "pst in this case there is no room for any doubt. 
— 2) indisposition, ailment. Sabb. ll a tti&n 'a abl 'a ^3 
any ailment, only no headache. Tern. 16 ;i ;, 
Amah, s.2.— PI. pra ! lh'>a, Tia. Ned. 41 a BMOh "^ina (those 
suffering from) headache. 

^tjjTTD', Targ Job I, 22, v. Nrrja. 

S^n^D, Gen. R. s. 77 Ar. some ed., v. xV^na. 

Dm 12 m. (Dan) vessel for heating water, boiler for 
mixing wine. Sabb. Ill, 5 '31 IhDiSttJ 'ah, expl. ib. 41 a , sq. 
•pan D"va l3aa h3i£a 'an a boiler which was emptied of 
its hot water; (oth. explan.) '31 IhS^StiJ 'an a boiler which 
has been l-emoved from the stove ; Y. ib. Ill, beg. 5 C "VCBttl 
'an r,X when he has removed the boiler. Pes. VII, 13 'an 
SSa^a the boiler for mixing the wine is placed between 
the two parties. Kel. XIV, 1 ; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. IV, 1 'an 
"psbD bapb i*o a boiler (when defective) is susceptible of 
uncleanness as long as it can be used for keeping coins 
in it; a. fr. 

"Dfra, v. Tana. 

T : t • : 

WD, V. Btt. 

Dt3*Z2 m., constr. aBTQ (b. h.; Hty the choice of. B. 
Kani. 7" (ref. to Ex. XXII, 4) pffl b® IrVlffl 'a it means the 
highest assessment of damage of the property of the in- 
jured party ; p*fiB ba IhTttJ 'a the best property of the 
injurer is held responsible for the damage. Ib. " | T , a "pX 'a 
fc<V SO^nst must he pay only in the best value (as property, 
cash &c.) and in no other stock? Ib. 1 ' Kin 'a "^To b3 all 
movable objects are payment in good value (must be ac- 
cepted) ; a. fr. 

fcOlyTQ ch. same; 'ffl dbttJ to pay the highest assess- 
ment arid in best value. B. Mets. IX, 3; Y. Keth. IV, 29 a 
top, a. e. (formula of a farmer's contract) 'aa B^UJK I 
promise to pay indemnity in full and best value. 

TV2PT2, v. ntsa. 

T T • 

laiia^n, v. wasp. 

"llUu^, "212 m. (metator) measurer of boundaries ; 

(v. Sin. Ant. s. v.Castra) officer sent in advance of persons 
of high rank, or of troops, to lay out the camp or to ar- 
range quarters; quartermaster. Tanh. Ki Thissa 35 (ref. 
to Ex. XIII, 21) 'a Ohi3S^ -|Vlh ^K I went in advance of 
them as a metator. Y'lamd. to Deut. II, 31, quot. in Ar. 
'31 'a rv«a5& *nns> ^X I will be the metator even of an 
uncircumcised person (ref. to Is. XLV, 2). Gen. R.s.5 ibip 
'31 hffiab llB^a htt53>3 . . . 'Rashi' (ed. yttBtrTO, corr. ace.) 
the voice of the Lord was the metator for Moses, when 
he said to him, Rise &c. (Deut. XXXII,49); ib. tPah \& '- 
the metator for the waters (assigning to them their courses, 
paving their roads &c.) ; Midr. Till, to Ps.XCIII TTJ-ja T\->t\ 
Dh-QB^ ed. Bub. (ed. "O'lBa, corr. ace). — [Sifre Deut. 338 
hTUa^ 'iVraaa n'^pil hVi IsaSSO quot. in Sachs Beitr. 
I, p. 108, read: TlHtta; v., however, "|i"lt3»a.]— Tt. f'jfcjtJ'TO. 
Y'lamd. Ar/pOBTO (Tanh. Balak 10'pmbllJ). 

a &dtl™, nwepa, v. rb»». 

t : - • t:- •' t « - i 

bWl2, v.toaalll. 

*bphm, f^ftAWQ, v. sub 'Vja, 'V^a. 

ItFQ, v. "rosn. 

antra, v. *n. 

t : • t t ■ 

"PHI^/O f. (|j.T)Tpa, jxYiTpyj, accus.) womb, uterus. Pesik. 
Zakh., p'. 23 a h^UJ 'a ~nh he severed her womb (in birth) ; 
Tanh. Ki Thetse 4 ed. Bub. (ed. 'prVO, corr. ace); Yalk. 
Ps. 868 p*0">a3 -|Sn (corr. ace). Gen. R. s. 47, a. e. Ip^S 
'a ovary (Yeb. 64 b ibl tVO), v. t£& ; Pesik. R. s. 42 "ptea ; 
a. fr. 

nn £, v. i«a. 

OW'Q, Gen. R. s. 45, beg. Ar., v. dan. 

}t5& &TO, 8^0 C'O) m. pi. ch.=h.^a, ««fer. 
Targ.'d. Gen. XXVI, T 19 (Y. ">ia). Targ. Gen. I, 2; a. fr.— 
Constr. TO, Ttf^, Targ. 0. Ex. XV, 19. Ib.VII, 19; a. fr.— 
Targ. 0. Deut. XXIX, 10 ^33 ed. Berl (Var. Tjapa, Tp^a, 
v. Berl. Targ. 0. II, p. 58) \hy water. — Hull. 105 b HPVB 
iJOra, v. hiOn?. Gen. R. s. 70 '31 'a 5«lS"t)1X having 
added water, you must add flour, i. e. having added to 
my objections, you are so much the more bound to find 
a solution. Hull. 97 b ^31 'a water in which eggs have 
been boiled; a. v. fr. 

Mgfina tfflptiPa apam v.sub '--a. 

Ir ~ : tI : - : It : ~ : 

■jTl^Q, v.linna. 

""ra, v.^xi. 

ID" 1 " 1 ^ m. mayish, name of a tree, Celtis (v. Low Pfl., 
p. 250) 'a tall tree ivith fruits like myrtle-berries'. Sifra 
Vayikra, N'dab., Par. 4, ch. VI; Tosef. Men. IX, 14 ; Tarn. 




29 b .— P/. ft^a fruits oftJie mayish. Gen. R. s. 72, beg. 
(expl. rrx-v-). 

PTO v. r-:. 

TTW& v. xrx. 

>!S-J "!2 pr. n. (b. h.) Michael, name of an angel. Targ. 
Job XXV, 2 (sec. vers.). Targ. Ps. CXXXVII, 7; a. e.— 
Hag. 12 b Vran -rn "2 M., the great chief; Men. 110 a . Y. 
Ber. IX, 13 a hot. one in distress T1 1& xb riTCF xb cries 
not to M. nor to Gabriel, but &c. — Num. E. s. 2; Pesik. R. 
s. 46 'a — r. bx= "pKl -poa "a Michael is a combination 
of MS (Ex. XV, 11) and kael (Deut. XXXIII, 26); a. fr. 

f D — I (b. h.) pr. n. m. Micah, 1) ML, the owner of 
an idolatrous temple (Jud. XVII). Esth. R. to III, 7 ab:i 
'a; Snh. 103 b "2 btt "ba-: the image put up by M.; ib. l jJD5 
"2 ::■: the smoke rising from the sacrifices to the image 

&c— Ib. 101 b , v. ^BDU Shebu. 35 b Vfll "03 PTRMB br 

all divine names mentioned in connection with M. (Jud. 
1. c.) are profane (not names of the Lord). Pes. 117 a 'zz't 
'=" "2" WB '- ~- with Micah's image at Bekhi, the Is- 
raelites should have sung the Hallel? — Ex.R.s.41 ; — 
2) ML, the prophet. Lev. R. s. 10 'D1 "3 nx tmJjB I sent 
M. and they smote him. Mace. 24 a '=" "-Z"-' 'a xa M. 
came and based all the laws of the Torah on three prin- 
ciples ; a. e. 

t \m> ■-. II f. ("" -) decline, reduction to poverty. B. 
Mets. 114 3 '~"V~ "2 "2 "a; "2 can an analogy between 
assessments of vowed values and assessments in cases of 
indebtedness be based on the use of the root 7^a (Lev. 
XX VH, 8 a. XXV, 35)? 

fctr™"^. f. (te» I) food, meal. Targ. Prov. XXIII, 3. 
Ib. IV, 17 (ed. Lag. a. oth. T&OTOj); a. e. 

Sr"D"E, v. xb-a. 

J^IZ pr. n.f. (b.h.) Michal, daughter of Saul and wife 
of David. Tosef. Sot. XI. 15 ; Snh. 19 b . Ib. 21 a . Midr. Sam. 
ch. XXV: a. e — Erub. 96* tR3 ra "2 daughter of Saul(?), 
v. comment. 

>D"E, S >P""2 I m. (bax I) 1) food. Targ. Lev. XI, 34. 
Targ. Jud. XIV, 14; a. e.— Pes. 114 a T^baia, v. r.r-Q. Succ. 
29 a ; 4S a "2 "Xa eating vessels, dishes, opp. to drinking 
vessels. — 2) (infin. of bax) eating. Gen. R. s. 19 frtwtp 
when eating thereof; a. fr. 

S^Tuj II, i"DD*E c. (bax II, !*©) 1) measure. Targ. 
Y. I Lev. XXVI, 43 r (il xbaa).— 2) (v. rr-z, xrb"a) system 
of laics, treatise, tract. Y. Shebi. X, end, 39 d "WTI 030 ~- 
*ai "2 XTTi a man that has studied one tract and comes 
to a place where they honor him for two tracts, is bound 
to tell them cm x:x '"2 X"ir; x:x I know only one tract : 
Y. Mace. II, end, 32 a . — PI. fxtt. Targ. Y. Num. XIII, 33, 
yVQ 'a bad manners (cmp. fWO). — Y. Mace. 1. c. 'a fr 

(not nba-a). Yalk. Koh. 971 fn 99, read -,baa or "ib-aa, 
v. xb-2a. 

piOTD, v. rt=-2. 

fcCl^D'Cl f - = *£■& f°od- Tar g- Prov. XXXI, 14 (ed. 
Wil. a. oth. '=a). 

XFOT^D same, v. BttftftCJ^l 

T : - •• t : - 

WbfQ v. -:=-. 

SDD'TZj v. xa=a. [Snh. 44 b 'o JWJ3, read: Xpaia.] 

^22 m. (an adapt, of mille, sub. passuum) 1) mil (mile) 
= 2000 cubits. Yoma VI, 4 '"2 bab llXSiUI nraa: seven and 
a half Ris for each mile. Y. Shebi. VI, 36 c top '"a 3'*i 
bR'HU 1 r>:na2 twelve mil, corresponding to the encamp- 
ment of the Israelites (ref. to Num. XXXIII, 8); a. fr. — 
Fl. "b"2. Tosef. Yoma IV (III), 13. Yoma VI, 8; a. fr.— 
2) milestone. — PI. as ab. Yalk. Deut. 907 J-PH xb'a fib^a 
'a na a road on which there were no milestones. 

STQ I ch. same. Hull. 139 b , v. TTB.— PL f&Q. Targ. 
Y. ExT XIV, 22. Ib. XVn, 8; a. fr. — [Y. Snh. X, 28 c bot. 

Sbna, v. xb w n.] 

STD I, 0$3"Q II) f. ch. (v. Pfcitf) 1) a lock of wool, 
woolly substance. Nidd. 17 a xai"H2 'a cotton, Rashi (oth. 
opin. : lock of clean and soft wool). — 2) fine wool; a cloak 
of fine wool. Targ. O. Gen. XLIX, 11 'a 'a (ed. Berl. '"2 % ; 
Var. rb/a rb-a ; t&m xbr:) all woolen. Targ. Hos. H, 7; 
a. e.— [Tosef. Sabb. V (VI), 14, v. ifrw .] 

S ^E II (a Chald. adapt, of h. "bxa, v. bx), with pref. 
'aa of itself. Targ. II Esth.VI, 1 arr^sa (=-prnbTSa; some 
ed. arrbxa) of themselves. — Yoma 42 b iiblD rra-iEn be 
'"•2 WMJOl "ara -"a SWW1 rara in that section (Num. 
XIX) there are texts intimating an exception from a 
preceding intimation, and texts independent of preceding 
or following intimations. Sabb. 140 b 'aa xa"Y!X1 and the 
length comes of itself, v. XS^lX. B. Mets. 16 a 'aa fiSTm 
X"M an inheritance comes of itself (without an effort on 
the part of the recipient); a. fr. 

S y^Z I, T m >12 t SDT'D f. a species of oak from which 
the gall-nut is collected (quercus infectoria), or the acorns 
of which are used as tanning material (quercus aegilops 
or Oak of Bashan) [not ash-tree]. Midd. Ill, 7 niXTiba 
'a V,r (some ed. M;T2, Maim. nV^a) beams of Milla; Erub. 
3* Ms.M. (ed. roTD); Lev. R. s. 17, beg.— [Tosef. Shebi. 
V, 3 r;"a ":r leaves of the Millath (prob. used for steep- 
ing in wine or oil). Tb. (missing in ed. Zuck.) r&a "ip^S 
the real Millath-nut(?).]— PL "ST?. Ib. VH, 11 ; Y. ib. IX, 
38 d bot.; Pes. 53 a 'a O T A jOt3 an indication of high- 
lands is the growth of Milla-trees. — 'a "a a solution of 
acorns; also a solution of gall-nuts. Gitt. 19 a (v. ","x) 
'a -a -a; :r 'a T2 p«J (Ar. 'a 5"r) for a tanned ink wiil 
not take on a tanned hide. Y. ib. II, 44 b top: when one 
desires to write a secret letter to his friend, "^aa zrz X"itt 
'2", ;apa~ ~m 'a he writes with a solution of gall-nut, 


X^tt 774 


and the recipient of the letter pours over it untanned ink 
which settles on the writing. 

V&I2 II, #)$, (nVa) c. (=h. n£a; bba II) word, 
command; (cmp. ^Q-n) tfun#, o&/ec£, affair, subject &c. 
Targ. Y. Gen. XLI, IS. Targ. Y. Deut. XXVII, 26.— Targ. 
Y. Gen. XVIII, 2; a. fr.— Y. Sabh. XIX, beg. 16 d hVtt 'bo 
iTinxa every subject in its proper place (not digressing); 
Y.Erub. VI, end, 24 a rVo! SOa *« (not NPrP). Lev. R. s. 
24; Y. Yeb. II, 3 d fcWtJ 'a something bad (euphem. for 
pollution); a. fr.— PZ. "pl^a, X^a, "^a, «J«p. Targ.Y. Gen. 
XVIII, 2. Targ. Jud. XXI, 13'; a. fr.— Hull. 139 b ^ noK 
'a fiOWl said Hanina to me, These are (idle) words; 'a 
'an aWN Kbs< T'O you cannot mean that this is an un- 
truth ? But say, it was done through words (of charm, 
v. RnVro); Ab. Zar. 38 b .— Ned. 22 a m^sn 'a (Ar. faton) 
things (actions) of an abandoned woman. Gitt. 29 a , a. 
e. 'ni "poaa X? 'a words cannot be transferred to a 
deputy, i. e. an order authorizing somebody is not trans- 
ferable; ib. 71 b '31 *pDaa 'a an order is transferable. B. 
Bath. 77 a '31 'a3 'ai ThW 'a nmix letters (documents) 
are words (symbols of value) and words cannot be taken 
possession of by means of words (by a document of as- 
signment, but the original document must be handed 
over); a. v. fr.— Erub. 2 a mVra ■pUJ">53'l ("DID (corrected 
in Ms. M. tlffoiQ) Succah (Succ. I, 1) about which much 
is said (several disqualifications stated); ^ffl^SS &0=1 "Hna 
tvtya Mabuy (Erub. I, 1) about which not much is said 
(only one disqualification is mentioned) ; Succ. 2 a nmo 
Str&ia "»tD*Bn Ms. M. 2 (Ms. M. 1 rfj^a, ed. nn^a) ; atVl 
rrtya vnta (sing.). — ^a Wi soa, 'a i3nDa (abbrev. a'Tia) 
whence is it proved? Hull. 140 a . Ib. 24 b ; a. v. fr.— *on 
"^a, v."|«n.— S^a^l'a divine, religious affairs. Keth. 105 b ; 
a. fr. — &ta?3H 'a secular, trivial affairs. Sabb. 82 a ;— 
[For other combinations see the respective determinants.] 
—V. ixrfpa. 

Nl^E, fcH^Q nextw.-P/. KM^a, '^3. 
Targ/y. II Ex. I, 15 some ed., v. Vfft^ 

TTITU f. (b. h.; iV^ midwife. Ex. R. s. 1 WW 'a 131 
'31 Snails does a midwife not need a midwife to deliver 
her? — PI. nrfe?a. Ib. 'an ft\ "ntfl and who were the mid- 
wives (Ex. I, 15); a. e. 

HTD I oak, v. s^al. 

T • ' T * 

II ivord, thing, v. hia a. vbna II. 


PITTS f. (;ia) circumcision, circumcised membrum. 
Sabb. T 130 a 'an bs . . . . ntttt the government decreed a 
prohibition against circumcision. Ib. XIX, 2 ■Q'lX PS'pB'B 
'nl 'a you may do on the Sabbath whatever is necessary 
in connection with circumcision (of a child on his eighth 
day). Ib. 24 b , a. fr. nsan &6lB 'a a circumcision not tak- 
ing place on the eighth day. Ib. 118 b ^» 'an at my 
membrum; Y. Meg. I, 72 b bot. lTlV«3; a. v. fr.— [Targ. 
Cant. Ill, 8 'a nainn the seal of the covenant of circum- 
cision.]— PI. rtVfa. Y. Sabb. XIX, 17 a '31 'a ■WB& p^O from 
this {himmol yimmol, Gen. XVII, 13, lammuloth, Ex. IV, 

26) we learn that the act of circumcision is a complicated 
one, one that of cutting &c. 

N^D, v. <tafc a. ttfts. 

TS'TF'Q m. (db-o) saving, delivery. Pes. 118 a miOB3 'a 
'31 the delivery of the souls of the righteous from Ge- 
henna (ref. to Ps. CXVI, 4). 

&TOT£ib n D, 'Wul2 m. pl.(u.eXtTu>u.ia,a denom. of 
u.sXiTw'|jia,not otherwise recorded) sweet-cakes, confection. 
Gen. R. s. 48. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 C bot. nali^a f4"W -,a pn 
(corr. ace, a. strike out "ja) dealing in confection. Yalk. 
Num.777 n^aiiba Wo; Pesik. R. s. 16 B^slE^a (corr. ace; 
Pesik. Eth. Korb., p. 58 a nilp ^S). 

" ir l>" l !Q, yQ m.iKbn) filling, drawing water. Par. VII, 2 
'an rtens nnxban labor during the act of filling makes 
the water unfit (for the sprinkling ceremony). Tosef. ib. 
IV (III), 11. Y. Succ. IV, 54 c bot. dttfc T^a WmB "ps 
Jnn the water must be drawn especially for the purpose 
of libation on the Festival. Bab.ib.54 a D^an 'aVpSpin "p» 
'31 on the Sabbath (during the festival of Succoth) the 
horn is not blown at drawing water for the altar ; a. e. — 
V. K&a. 

biffy SblVa, *SD m. (*&) speech. Targ. O.Ex. 
IV, 10. Targ. Is. VI, 4; a. fr. 

S&^ITQ m. (Pales of ifea; cmp. KDbin fr. bin) space, 
area. B. Bath.67 a lsn^tt'a (Ms.O.n&lV^; 
Ms. F. SiO^a, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. notes 60; 70) the area of 
the court (not the buildings around it, corresp. to t»?»), — 
[PL K*0&"^ v. NO^sa.] 

*Nrflb n D f. pi. (•£»; cmp. Syr. WVlVo P. Sm. 2127) 
[pitchers,] name of an aquatic plant bearing beans. Y. 
Kil. I, 27 a top (expl. nSVJ, q. v.). 

Srfra, v. ansa. 

OTsriha, mxhiz, v . 

n b"'ft, Pesik. Bahod., p. 107 b 
796, v. ^>*% a. *?«. 

^B, nb^^read: 

SSTQ*^ 1 ^ m. pl.(u.eXi|XT]Xa, melimela) honey-apples, 
must-apples. Y.Maasr.I,49 a top 'a Tlisn melimela apples; 
Tosef. ib. I, 1 nba5 *S (corr. ace). 

DTPTQ, Pesik. R.s. 21, read : "pl^S, or^SO^a. 

"p n Q, Sabb. 150 a Ar., v. T^a. 


I ,- " , t : • ' t t : • t : • t t : : 

v. Tpa, '3i=a. 

^b"Q m. (bVal) broken down.— PI. *,"^a. Snh. 66 a , 
v. ^«S. 

Sbb^, v. Ktta. 


"jb^Q m.(uiXav,To) black pigment, ink.— PI. ^"02. Gen. 

Yalk. Ex. 286; Yalk.Ps. 




B. s. 1 '31 "" -bp" '" to carry this 'pen and ink' for my 
son; Yalk.Num.766 fn oV pl ' ptfrm (corr. ace); Y'lamd. 
to Num. XXIII, 9 quot. in Ar. "pabpl "pQ. 

J " 12 f. (jxsXavo;, r ( S.=u,eXa?, jxeXaiva) dark-colored. 
Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 c top, v. X^ix— [Ar. s. v. ba 13 quotes: 
■:':--r . . inligj , x-:b--=, mfcva, read: "pb^, v. preced.] 

t : . ' t •• • 

7 • 

*j*i;S>*D, 2!C m. (u.t;Xo7C£ku>v) an apple-shaped 
melon, cucumber-melon, prob. the fruit sgitasA (v. Sm. Ant. 

s. v.). Kii. i, 2 *» 'am rmopn (Ms. m. y ttlm r n rwpn) 

cucumbers and melopepons are not forbidden as mingled 
seeds (ttt*V») ; Ter. II, 6. Y. Kil. I, 27 a bot. .'. . p msb 
'3 ":"" M9V4Q . . . (not X""') therefore (because it is a 
hybrid product of apple [jatjXov] and pepon [stxoa re- 
rcov] they call it in Greek melopepon. Tosef. Shebi.V, 3 
(missing in ed. Zuck.) ","££5 -~ ip^r (Var. "poabsit) the 
real fruit melopepon ( leaves). Tosef. Ukts. II. 10 
ftha (Var. "pEba; corr. ace.). lb. 14 'pEBba. Tosef. Toh. 

v, 4 ymfoar-H tn m i b '' u , ■pjiBBb-a, ^a Tosef. Kii.1,1. 

Ter. VIII, 6; a. e.— Yalk. Koh. 968 *2F\ ftfttfa . . . '"EX 
even melopepons in Nisan were not absent from Solo- 
mon's table ; Tanh. Yithro 7 'pBBd&U ; ed. Bub. 5 "plEE^n 
(corr. ace). 

&0"5£T ., '"- ch.same. Snh.llO a 'a ^3 125 \bffVQn 

t • : : • 

Ar. (ed. XrviE3) he knocks you about like a melopepon. — 
PL MMVBfiba. Targ.Y.I Num. XI, 5 (Y. II HTgsVo, corr. 
ace; h. text tWCfiK). 

&T"D"72, "HTQ, Y. Ab. Zar. I, 40 3 , v. "p33. 

nVB,nfef.oafc, »st=l 

n^C, 2152 f. (ttn II) [something soft and thick,] 
1) focfr of wool, wool, down. Hull. 50 b ; 52 b (expl. D"C 
•WOn) ' - "2 pKJD WpO that portion of the stomach which 
has no downy lining. Tosef. Sabb.IV(V),l ; Y.ib.V, 7 b bot. 
'-z- r"'3=. v. "23 ; Bab. ib. 54 a . lb. 10 b ; a. e.— PI. y t j p U , 
'ba. Koh. R. to 1, 9 "jrra (corr. ace), v.n 5.— 2) ear-lap. Sifre 
Deut. 122 rfaa xbx LfW Ti "X the slave's ear must be 
bored through in the lap only ; Bech.37 b ; Kidd. 21 b xnVva3; 
Y. ib. I, 59 d top [read :] !Ttt 'an p iSTO rmm "On am 
?3"0.— PL as ab. Ex. E. s. 40 T T faa (not *pn . ., expl. in 
a gloss 3T:n Elpa !"!*) hanging on his ear-laps. 

n>'" , 2, ST""D ch. same (interch. with xb"<a) l)/?ne 
tcooZ, also a cloak of fine wool. Targ. Ez. XXVII, 18 (v. 
x:"33). Targ. O.Gen.XLIX, 11, v. xbial; a. e.— Snh. 44*; 
M. Kat. 28 b , v. xbaOX.— P/. f ri^P . Targ.Esth.I, 6. Targ. 
Lam. n, 20 ed. Lag. (ed. ll't&UJl read: n*rb"3). — xrb"*a. 
Sabb. 10 b . v. 2J3b. — 2) ear-lap. Kidd. 21 b , v. preced. 

^r*5*!!2, Si*T2 f.=xb/an, word; thing, affair &c. 
Targ. Prov. XXV,' 15. Targ.Y. Num. XXXI, 8 "paopl 'a 
(notxnba) some sorcery;— Bets. 38 a baprrwa XaW 
that I may say something acceptable. — Gitt. 23 a 'a ixb 
'SI "HOSTl XVI what I said that..., was nothing (was not 
correct). — Tern. 4 b , a. fr. "31 Taxi 'a 53 anything that 

the Law says not to do, if done &e, v. *V%. Shebu. 34 b , 
a. fr. '=1 Vtvaft xbi 'a 52 a thing in which one has no 
interest, is not noticed exactly. Ab. Zar. 18* "O *2 xb^T 
'21 it is something disgraceful to me that &e B. Mets. 
114 b ; Taan. 21 b , v. p^nx Sabb. 81 b 'a IT* ri^iax she 
spoke a word (magic spell). Gitt. 30°, v. " ( px. Ab. Zar. 
66 b ; a. e. X^tt 'a Kirn the flavor (of a forbidden thing) 
is something substantial (fit to affect ritually the sub- 
stance receiving it). Gitt. 52 b '31 xabr2 'a it is merely a 
favor he does the court; a. v. fr. — '"2 Xii x:a = "ibia VttSO, 
v. xbrsH. Hull. 10 b ; a. fr.— Esp. 'a Tor (euphem., sub. 
xniT3X*i) to let blood; to be bled. Taan. 2l b TOS nm "O 
'a when he (the surgeon) bled a person. Hull. Ill 3 KLiTCJ 
'a W) on the day he was bled (Rashi: VI Ktf PO). Sabb. 
129 a sq.; a. e.— PL xrW?, v. xb/all. 

D 12 m. pi. (b. h.; cmp. Sina) water, fluid; secretion; 
solution. Constr. ^pl. ftVBf^O, constr. Wa Snh. 108 a b5bi 
'a? nalTsyWl the eye-ball which (in restlessness) resemb- 
les water, v. babs. Par. VIH, 9 '31 3">3iari 'art smitten 
waters (springs or lakes formed through a catastrophe, 
v. Snh. L e). Ib. tiKBBtin 'on, v. 2T3; a. v. fr.— D'O'raJfcn 'a, 
3""rr:i< '" &e, v. respective determinants. — rYTf* "*a juice 
of fruits (wine, date-honey, &e). Pes. 35 a , sq. ; a. fr. — ""a 
Cfbsn urin. Ker. 6 a ; a. fr.— 'an tV3 urinary. Meg. in, 2 ; 
Y. Ber. II, 4 C bot,— Hag. 3 a ",*rnaj "OX ?ftt we drink thy 
water, i. e. we depend on thy teaching; B. Mets. 84 b 
■pma "CX fTvno; Hor. 14 a ; a. e.— Taan. 16 a/ 2" r".-; b: 
all the waters of the world ; a. fr. 

D^'Q, pi. "jTOTO, v. D"1Q. 

DiQ^Q, v. oiaiFQ. 
m'QTQ, ''D' 1 ^, v. tem. 

^12rl2 laxa, 1) word, command. Targ. Gen. 
XLI, 44. Targ.Ps. XIX, 4;— 2) (hypostatized)(-i1)'a 
the Word, i. e. the Lord (used in Targum to obviate an- 
thropomorphism). Targ. Gen. IU, 10. Targ.Y. ib. 9; a. v. 
fr. — WV&, xna'rpb, v. "tax. 

D"12"22, Cant. E. to vn, 9, v. Dia^ia. 

tDQ" l D, v. tiwa. 

"^12 I from, v. "ja. 

1^12 H m. (b. h. ; cmp. y>, ",xa) kind, genus, species. 
Peah n, 5 1TIX 'a one kind of seed. Ter. H, 4 ■poTfltl -,-x 
a*^ a^XE bs 'aa you must not separate T'rumah from one 
species to redeem fruits of another species. Ib.6 ..r"-"p- 
*TTIX 'a cucumbers and melopepons are considered as the 
same species. Bice HI, 10 "U^aa 'a D-H'33n nBDin what 
you add to the legally required quantity of first fruits 
must be of the same species; what is used for decorating 
the first fruits, ':"a ir'xra '- must be of a different kind. 
— Hull. 100 a , b^iS xb irai f^ v. bas. Eo. 97 b , a. fr. 
""•- ""N'rz ' - a heterogeneous mixture (of forbidden and 
permitted things) ; a. v. fr.— PL D" , ?' i a, fS^O, constr. "VV. 
Peah 1. c. 'a "»30 n51t if he planted on it two different 





seeds, lb. t^un i>TQ "flffi two kinds of wheat. Naz. VI, 1 
'=1 pTOSK 'a niabu? three kinds of prohibitions exist 
with reference to the nazarite. — '"tin riSQttJ the seven 
products of Palestine (Deut. VIII, 8). Bice. I, 3 ; a. fr. — 
'an ruuan the five species of grain (wbeat, barley, rye, 
oat and spelt). Ned. VII, 2; a. fr.— pblbniU) % tXfSn» the 
four species of the festive wreath, v. 3blb. Men. 111,6; a. 
fr. — pas something like, in the shape of, of the nature of. 
Ker. 5 b 1T3 'as drawing the shape of a crown; "O 'as 
W, v. "O. lb. 'si f**B inttJ 'as two drops of oil looking 
like pearls. Taan. 8 l) ; a. v. fr. 

j D III m, (preced.) [a peculiar person,] sectarian, 
infidel. Ab. Zar. 65 a niaiKSLU) 'as SOil "'tl he is legally 
treated like an infidel of the gentiles, i.e. like a gentile that 
has rejected the gods of his people/ — Esp. Min, a Jewish 
infidel, mostly applied to Jew- Christians (and in editions 
controlled by censors, often substituted by ipllUpms&c). 
Hor. ll a 'a MT iin b^srfj Ms. M. (ed. fpWfi if he eats 
forbidden fat in a defiant manner (v. b?3), he is a Min; 
ib. (another opin.) V'S tSX/tn bs 'a VflTW who is a Min? 
(A Jew) who worships idols. — Gitt. 45 b 'a isnsti) n"D a 
book of the Law written by a Min, contrad. to i1S3; a. 
fr.— PI. ens/a, ftyva. Y. Ber. IX, i2 d bot. 'si nx i^ffl'an 
the Minin asked R. Simlai &c. Tosef. B. Mets. II, 33 'an 
nmoam fiilaittJani the Minin, the apostates and the in- 
formers; Ab. Zar. 26 b (Rashi: idolatrous priests, Jews or 
gentiles) ; a. fr. — Tan J"C13 the (twelfth) section inserted 
in the Prayer of Benedictions and containing an im- 
precation against the Minim. Ber. 28 b , sq. (ed. diplixn) ; 
a. fr. 

fcO^D I ch.=h. "pa II. Targ. Y. Lev. XI, 4.— Hull. 79 a 
nasi 'a the species to which its (the mule's) mother be- 
longs. Ib. 1W9 'a Sin lhVe all of them are considered 
one species (independent of their parentage). Ib. 66 a ni3ial 
that which is of the same kind, rW»1 ixbl that which is 
of a different kind; a. e. — PI. p3pa, K^iTO, *5*W. Targ.Y. 
Lev. XI, 13. Targ. Koh. II, 5.— [Y. B. Kam. IX, 6 d bot. IMP 
"iay, v. TOD.] 

MTDH.riHDTQ, *%% S^ T ^ch.=h.pani. 

Ber. 58 a " Ms. M. (ed. ipllX). V. Snh.VlI, 25 d top -jinan 
'si 1131a in a certain Min saw them, and said what he 
said (a conjuration). Ib. XH3ia 'jttB pi£3 ia when that 
Min came out. Ib. bot. 'SI lilX 3i&3 'a in a Min took 
up a pebble and threw it up &c; a. fr.— PI. ifcOia, Ki*?ia, 
i?pa. Koh. R. to 1, 8 &tk) 'a nib "JltW the Minin did some- 
thing (some sorcery) to him. Ab. Zar. 4 a 'Si 'ab . . . nsnttfa 
R. Ab. praised R. S. to the Minin (in office) as being a 
great scholar; a. fr.— [Sabb. 133 b bot. iJOia 31!), read iJOa, 
v. npa.] 

fc^Q III pr. n. m. Mina. Y. B. Mets. V, beg. 10 a '"1 
'a -0V2 (v. Fr. M'bo p. 66 b ). — [Y. Ber. I, 3 d top Via© 
'a "Q, ed. Lehm. NnjiX, read JOiX, v. Fr. ib. p. 125 b .] 

VXTD, v. ^ t k;. 

JPUTa, MH^y v. sub. -nsa. 

t : • TT:t 11 ■ 

**3"D, "*2Q m. (nsa) appointment to office, onfo'- 
nation. Y. Snh. I, 18 c bot. (ref. to Ez. XIII, 9 ma 3ns31 
'SI) 'an nT that means tbe ordination (of teachers). Ib. 19 a 
bot. [read:] 'a 1i12ia its (his) appointment is valid. Y. 
R. Hash. II, 58 b top 'an mx "psbin "VD^Sfc to proclaim 
an intercalation we go by tbe dates of ordination (tbe 
oldest graduate voting first); Y. Snh. I, 18 c "p^an (corr. 
ace.).— Y. Hor. Ill, end, 48 c 'si iJO 'ab bsx but in or- 
dination 'those seeing the face of tbe King (the Nasi) 
are those seated first in office' (an adaptation of Esth. 
1, 14), i. e. the scholars of Tiberias, as the seat of the Nasi, 
have the preference to those of the South; Esth. R. to 
I, 14 'ias D13. Num. R. s. 15, end Di3pT,1 'a the appoint- 
ment of the elders; a. fr. 

MS, *nrC, mSn ch. same. Targ. II Chr. 
XXXI, 13.— Y. Snh. I, 19 aT bot."'Sl 'ab -,1"ip ',an there (in 
Babylonia) they call the ordination s'mihhutha (v. MISiaD); 
a.e.— P^.pilJia. Y. Taan. IV, 68 a 'a p"in iJaa nm ordain- 
ed only two (each year) ; Koh. R. to VII, 7 piOa (read 

*fSFty t. 13131a, 

pl3]D, N|3lM, "^H m. (p?i) child, boy. Targ. Y. II 
Num. XI, 12^1 N|5i3ia).— Y. Sabb. XIV, 14 d pi3iial nxiH 
mSTQi dry excrements of a child. Y. M. Kat. Ill, 81 d bot. 
'Si 'a inb . . . nan she saw a teacher strike a child too 
severely. Gen. R. s. 87; Yalk. ib. 145, v. K?M>I. Y.Sabb. 
I, 3 b npiVa his child; a. fr.— PL Nipira, ' ipisia, '11a. 
Y. Snh. VII, 25 d , v. Knitt3lU35. Y. Ben II, 5 a top, v.'i*13b. 
Lev. R. s. 37 '31 ibpbpa 'al with which the children 
make sport &c. ; a. e. 

MrplD^X? f. (preced.) girl— PI. Kn^l'S^a. Pesik. R. 
s. 3, beg. 'al KliSD Xins (not pn...) like the ball of the 
girls (= h. ni33 bffl 1113, v. 1113). 

Tr\Tl2 f. (pa III) heresy, infidelity. Tosef. Hull. II, 24 
'a 1131 b3> DSn3 was arrested on the charge of heresy 
(suspicion of being a Jew-Christian). Ib. 131 .... KQttH 
'31 'a bttJ perhaps one of the Minin told you some inter- 
pretation in their style, and it gave thee pleasure?; Ab.Zar. 
16 b bot. -pib S*3 'a Nam (insert 131); Koh.R, to I, 8. Meg. 
IV, 8 (24 b ) 'an "pi IT iin (Bab. ed. DiJOpn, Ms. M. 'an) 
such is the manner of the Minin; ib. Ei33£inn "11 (Ms. 
M. niSian, corr. n313£in, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. notes 100, sq.). 
Ib. 9 'an -pi; Ber. V, 3 (34 a ) 'a 1311 early eds. (ed. ft'CTB, 
missing in Mishn. a. Y. ed.). Lev. R. s. 28, beg. ; .Koh. R. to 
I, 3 ; XI, 9 'a 13J? yea pW filial words which manifest 
an inclination towards heresy; a. e. 

"rara, v. i-jsa. 

^12VT12, v. iaii ? a. 

^"O^D, Y. Snh. I, 18 c top 'aa, read: M^yTOO, 

■]^3TQ,^|TQ, v.^ah. 

trard, ticpyv, ipyiri lib^o v . SU b '13a. 

,t: « tt: • , t : • ■ Tt: •' *:• 

ny g ni 



HjWD, v. pan. 

n^p^'D, ' n 3E f. (p: 1 ;) nursing. Y. Nidd. I, 49 a bot.; 
ib. c top nr"" - :" - : ■:" the time during which she nurses; 
Bab. ib. 36 a ; 10 ,J ; a. fr. — [Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. IV, 5, v. 
r -:-;.] 

T^l"2, v. rp:-a. 


"jI'EI whence?, v. -,:a. 

C^"!2 m. (c:x) oppression, violence. Targ. Is. X, 1 (h. 
text •■x). 

JtfpIj'C, ^Q m. name of an undergarment (perh. 
a corrupt, of manica = tunica manicata). Targ. Esth. 
VIII. 15 (some ed. HtyfcQ). 

$T~pl m j2 f. ch.=h. Wp^ia. Lam. B. to I, 1 TBI 

(*NKQ -- 6) 'z TIT ymsy twenty-four months of 


rp""^, np n DS f. (b. h.; p3^) 1) a woman giving 
suck, wet-nurse, v. p:~. — 2) (v. p:x) siphon, tube; small 
cup. Kel. IX, 2. Ab. Zar. 58 a 'zz JTip tapped with a siphon. 
Kel. XIV, 2 'a TDiha htt» if he put a knob (cup) on the 
top of the cane. Tosef. ib. B. Mets. IV, 5 nxrrr ffijwq 
'=" rrr- ed. Zuck. (B. S. to Kel. XIV, 2 rp-.z) a cup 
which one put under a door (as a pivot). Tosef. Dem. 
HI, 6 rrp-:a ed. Zuck.; Y. ib. H, 22 a bot. rp-:a— Y. Ab. 
Zar. IV, 44 b top njWO.— [Pirke d'B. El. ch. XLIII '- 
■_x-, v.i "-;•:.]— PI. r'-p-;"z, ':z. Tosef. Zeb. 1, 12 'ar. -~z 
ed. Zuck. (ed. r.^p'ZZ) or when he made the libation out 

of tubes.— v. rrfyara. 

rf>TT2, ^l"n 'E (read R1Ttor«*1Tt)lL (pi^) [sucfrer 
of animals,] hedge-hog. Targ. Y. Lev. XI, 30, v. &6">\ — 
V. n-Ts. 

S!TZ"!!2, nriD^Q m. (mentha, uiv9a) mint. Ukts.I, 2 
(Mish. ed. xr'zri, corr. ace; Var. in R. S.a.l. xr~X q. v.). 
Y. Dem. II, 22 c bot. 

SO'E, V. X£a. 

fc$0"7-, Y'lamd. to Num. I, quoted in Ar., v. ftBfla< 

2Z'*2, ZZ'^Zj 2C12, 2*012 m. (355) fafct'na, «/7i«0 
«/>.— TP*» < a=h.D > Q& X"--, partiality. Targ. Y. Ex. XXIII, 
3: a. e. — Targ. Y. I Gen. IV, 8 (not TWl). Targ. Prov. 
XXVIII. 21 -2X2 'z (read: ■««).— fWWN *U taking and giv- 
ing, dealing. Targ. Is. IX, 4. 

StPE, v. nca. 

"plCTE, read: 

i lO"72 m. (uisos -ov,) middle. Lam. B. to I, 1 Ten 
('rx-: tt, 7) xmxn 'ar. in the middle of the road. Ib. 
CtTTfO in) 'ar Ar. (ed. tntaa) in the middle of 
the shop. 

p0*U m. (missus) course at dinner. Tanh. ed. Bub. 
B'resh. 2 'z 'z course after course. — PI. same. Ib. ttaz 
"]? rrn 'a how many courses had you? — Y'lamd. to Num. 
I, quot. in Ar. X~"'i )TOD (corr. ace). 

Hratra, ""'^w':, v . sub '--. 

p"D m 12, v. p"^-2. 
"3p*73, v. 'son. 
Ca2C" i Q semissis, v. C"a"~'-. 
KIDC'D, v. KTsaa 

* t : : - 

lp m 12, Y. Gitt. I, 43 b , a corrupt., prob. for "jCS? (Gr2) 
hot-tempered. [Comment.: = X^X physician, — does not 
fit the context.] 

pSO^D, v. p&zz. 

pO*E> pS'r m. (pB?) rising, (sun-) rise. Targ. Ps. 
XXII, 5. Targ. Cant. HI, 6, a. e., v. xnipT^. 

^O n D f- C«*) bunch.— PI. fVn. Y. Shebi. U, 34 a 
bot., v/rak 

*"jiP" ; D m. (-flO) seducer, tempter. Pes. 107 a Ar., v. 

D^DIFD^ f. (ji(GOcoaic) /ease, re/rf. Y. Pes. VI, 31 b 
bot. 'TW8 (corr. ace); v. "aix I. 

fcTWD, H^TtfC, v. sub *&a 

t:: • r : : • » : ■ 

0*D"IT,D*E, v. orotaem, 

"^""C, — ">£ m. (rra) 1) reduction of size, the space 
reduced. Erub. 77 a *3\ itMnfl W rx if the reduction of 
the height (by lowering the wall or raising the embank- 
ment) extends over four handbreadths ; ' an ~".z only as 
far as the reduction extends. — 2) minority. Y. Pes. VII, 
34 e bot. 'ar IX ZVTZ (not 'ar 'rr*,r) do we treat the case as if 
it were a majority (of unclean \ ersons), or as if it were a 
minority? Ib. '"22 TQTl "pX (not 'ar) if you will consider 
it a minority. Y. Kidd. I, 59 b top. Yeb. 119 a rfl:*2a 'a a 
minority of women miscarry; a. e. — 3) the least of. B. 
Hash. ll a ; Yeb. 42 a ; Nidd. 38 b (ref. to I Sam. I, 20) '"Z 
*ZV\ r Wl pn the least of fkufoth (plural number) is two 
(seasons, of three months each), the least of yamin is 
two days; a. e. — 4) narrowing qualification, limitation. 
Yoma 43 a ; B. Kam. 86°, a. fr. * T» ' - pXI 'a nnx 'a "*n 
'=■: x'rX this is a Umitation following a limitation, and 
a double limitation serves to widen the scope (because 
the repetition indicates that no limitation is meant, 
but only an exemplification); Y. Peah V, end, 19 d (corr. 
ace). Y.Hor. I, beg. 45 c '~ nnx '- -rx 'z three successive 
limitations. Lev. B* s. 24, end 'a "prb plV'n it says 'only' 
(Dent. XXV III, 13) which intimates a limitation; a. fr. — 
PI. tttSBfiD, fpO^O, 'ra. Tosef. Shebu. I, 7 ffilfi rtTl 
'z"i ""\Z*~ interpreted the Bible texts with a view to 




widening and narrowing the limits of the respective laws. 
Y.Sabb.VII, 10 b '31'aibx ^H K"*1 "|K akh and hu (Ex. XII, 
16, are limiting qualifications intimating that you must 
not cut, grind &c. (on the Holy Day). Y. Ber. IX, 14 b 
bot., v. "XI; a. fir. 

S'J^D ch. same. Erub. 77* 'a lariK ^X if the re- 
duction has any effect. Yeb. 1 19' 1 '31 nibiEa'i *a "pad add 
the minority of miscarrying women to the half of female 
births, and the male births will be a minority. Hull. 6 a , 
a. fr. 'ab ttJ^n takes into consideration the minority (the 
possibility of the rarer cases). Yeb. 119 b , a. e. xb 'al 'a 
UPTl a minority of a minority he does not take into con- 
sideration. Kidd. 80 a left xmbl *xa3 'a a minority is con- 
sidered as non-existent.— P/.^aWvp. Snh.45 b , sq. WQ"'*l W~n 
'ai, v. preced. 

n^a,^?^v. 8 ub'?a. 

»JJ1*OT3, v. xp/tfa. 

XDTPlD'"'^ (a feigned part. Ithp. of th&, denomin. of 
VMS, a substitute of fPIS which again is a substitute of 
•TO, v. ^^d) JwiW 6e a #aA£z. Ned. 10 b ixa 'a how is 
it, if one says mipp'hazna (for mipp'zihna) ? 

stasia, v. x^-osa. 

T : - • t : : • 


SpD"a, SJ5BQ m.(pB3) 1)«b#, end. Targ.Ex.XXXIV, 
22 (ed. Berl. *pE"«a; cod. 7 RjSttOjoth. Xp T Ba, npBa; v.Berl. 
Targ. O.H, p. 31); ib. XXIII, 16.— P£ ^B^' 'W?- Y - Ter - 

VIII, 46 b bot., sq. xraiiu 'as = h. roia ^xsia, v. xsia m. 
—2) going out, v. xbsa. 

Y^IZ to suck, v. 'pa. 

jr'Q m. (b. h.; pa) [£/?a£ wfa'c/i is won by squeezing,] 
juice. Y. Naz. I, 51 b SlblS bl» 'a the juice of 'Orlah fruits 
(v. nVw). 

< 2S>* I D> v. xssa. 

i \H*12 f. ("pa) [that which is squeezed in,] the joint 
or collar of reeds, stalks &c. Kel. IX, 8 fSf^O bttJ ST31B 'a 
the second joint of a stem of oats ; M3p bui . . . 'a of reeds. 

"i.SZ "D, H12 m. («"isa) 1) squeezing, tvringing out (of 
the blood of the sacrifice). Zeb. 52 a . Ib. 65 a ; a. fr.— 
2) (cmp. "Wfa) exact measure. Bets. Ill, 8 "OSa . . . bind. C]X 
rvnart 'a in week-days he did the same (filled the meas- 
ures beforehand) for the sake of exact measure (in order 
to allow the liquids to settle). Ib. 29 a they collected 
three hundred garab of oil rvrian 'aa as the surplus in 
his accounts realized from the remnants in the measures ; 
Tosef. ib. Ill, 8 (v. ed. Zuck. Var.).— Trnsf. U3B3n 'a [the 
squeezing of the soul out of the body,] agony of death. 

Tanh. Mick. 10 (ref. to X'sa, Ps. XXXII, 6) 'a b3> bbfitv 
'Dti let him pray that he may be spared the agony of 
death. — dWi 'a [the pressing through of the day,] sunrise 
and sunset. Gen. B. s. 92 (ref. to Ps. 1. c.) dlTi 'a nsb at 
evening-time; Y. Ber. IV, 7 b bot. dV bllJ l^BWB rcb (pi.) 
at morning and at evening, v.WWJ. — "pin 'a final (exact) 
judgment (after death); "pd83fin 'a final count (of sins). 
Gen. E. 1. c— PI. "p^SFa, with suffix VJWO (cmp. T*Ba for 
V^tta s. v. «"i;a); v. supra. 

3^*72, : £2 m. (3>3£a) middle, midst. Targ. Job VII, 
12 (Ms. 'MlttO). Targ. Y.Deut. XXIII, 11. 

&OI2SpQ, %'Q m. ([xuarpoi;, -ov) spoon.— 'p-Pda 'a (v. 
■pniaa) mystromacherion, an instrument having a spoon 
on one side and a knife on the other (cmp. Sm. Ant. s. 
v. Cochlear). Lev. B. s. 33, beg. (ref. to Prov. XVIII, 21) 
'31 'a 'a db^pS> d3>in Aquila interpreted it, 'a spoon-knife', 
death on one side and life on the other; Yalk. ib. 661 
'a "ttttMW; Yalk. Ps. 768 'al "hOSCO (read: 'aViBSa). 

TlESTa, sabb. i54 b , v. vrat, 

99TQi XSQFQ, 'SQ dm*** Targ.Y.Num.XVII, 
12, sq. (ed. Amst. 3*0). Targ. Y. I, ib. XXII, 24. Targ.Y. 
I Ex. XIV, 27; a. fr. — B. Mets. 108 a [read:] !T>d32"i »aa 
(Eashi: isya ">S) in the centre of his (the seller's) land). 

fcCETH, N22TQ m. (=Mpsa) central, middle, be- 
tween extremes. Targ. Y. Lev. XIV, 17, v. X^a.— Ned. 
31 b top 'a X3"dT (R. N. XS^Sa) middle goods (holding the 
mean between goods which the seller is anxious to get 
rid of, and such as are sought after eagerly), v. XB^n. — 
PI. T*S2^a, i?2">a. Targ. II Chr. VI, 18 (ed. Lag. " W^i a ) . 
— Ber.l8 b . Ker.6 b/ adin between (the other ingredients). 
B. Mets. 108 a , v. preced.— Naz. 56 b "jS'nax xb 'a those 
intermediate in the chain of tradition need not be men- 
tioned (only the first and the last). V. X^Sa. 

tfpa, v. w*' 

"!■» Q *) P art< Hif * of "IS? q- v. — 2) pathway, narrow, 
balk, v. "lsa. 

fcrcra, nsnyu v . SU b >**. 

p n Q, Pa. ptao, v. pw. 

^j?E> 'pTO, v - %?i ^p. — [Y. Dem. HI, beg. 26 a 
ilDba *D, read : bpa.] 

Dp 1 ^, DpD m. (d«ip) standing. Targ. Josh. IV, 3 *inx 
'a (h. text nsa). 

nap n a, v. xapa. 

T 't 1 

"JP^O (p^a; cmp. "ja^sj) to mock. Targ. Ps. CXIX, 51 
•p3piaa ed. Lag. (ed. * ( 3 .'. ., ",3 . . .). 

~!p n Q m. (Tip) cooling. Tosef. Sabb. XVII (XVHI), 
18; Sabb. 151 b 'a *^Q cooling vessels (glass &c). Ib. 53 b 
fiandb 'a *pX cooling (as placing in water) is not gener- 




ally done to beasts (unless they are sick). — [Part. JSif. 
np^a, v. T£.] 

Sn*23 myrrh, v. srfla. 

tXTVll v. Ktm 

rrPC Yalk. Zeph. 567, v. WTWIL 

JH"!*^ m. (denom. of SHxa, v. i'nx) selecting the green 
and tender onions in the bed. Y. Peahin, 17 c top "CH ">xi 
'"3 and what is merug? [Ib. VFtttl, read: insjan, v. S'TK.] 

"pTE, v. ",'-:. 

l"l u m. (P?a) polishing, finishing. Pesik. Nab.., p. 
127 a '- '~z~—^ ""Si your words require polishing (are 
incomplete).— Euphem. sexual gratification attended with 
effusion of semen. Yeb. 55 b . 

p m HT'12 } Tosef. Dem. IV, 13, v. ynq. 

n I L m. ("Ha) embittering, hard labor (with ref. to 
Ex. I, 14). Num. R. s. 3 the family was called M'rari, 73 
'- ftitO) an allusion to their bitter task (of carrying the 
wooden material of tbe Tabernacle). Pesik. R. s. 15 d"H*2 
'" V'-3 . . . Miriam intimates the bitterness (of slavery); 
Yalk. Cant. 986. [Cant. R. to II, 11, a gloss.] 

D"i!2""] £ m. (a--2) a bird that has lost its feathers. 
Y. Meg. I, 72 b . 

-, J IPs H D 12 (jxupt-jxupiaos;) tfew thousand 
times ten thousand'. Pesik. Bahod., p. 107 b ; Yalk. Ps. 796 
(corr. ace); v., however, " , ? >, 3. 

""" -, Tosef. Neg. in, 10 'am ed. Zuck. (Var. pITani), 
read : f*rj it*ft , v. tna n. 

DTq] D""PD,v'tman. 

T T T • -; 

"i""«"CH"«3 m. ([xupuivaxov, S. = Lat. myrtatum) 
(wine or oil) flavored with myrtle-leaves. Y. Shebi. Vil, 
37 b (some ed. 'Tia). 

? J'U weakening, v. S^ia. 

J$3p.*Q pasture, v. "tFTO I. 

Ipn^li Tosef. Mikv. VI (VII), 13 ed., read with ed. 
Zuck. p-re. v. pno. 

""]"£, riHQ m. (rVP, as crro? fr. IDT*, v. PI. to Levy 
Targ.Dict.n, p. 5681) a,^ /Mice. Targ.Y.Deut. XXIX, 5 

(h. text *i=o). v. rvno. 

CS«J '!■■ I pr. n. pi. (v. next w.) Mesha, 1) a place in 
northern Galilee (v. Hildesh., Beitr. p. 38). Tosef. Shebi, 
IV, 11 ed. Zuck. note (Var. xr--a).— 2) M. in Babylonia, 
in the district of Mesene, v. fXfta. Y. Yeb. I, 3 b ; Y. Kidd. 
IV, 65 d top. Gen. R. s. 37 treHO (identified with Kflja, Gen. 
X, 30 ; Targ. Wja, Kflta). [Talm. Bab. ffrg q. v.] 

^w"2 II, Stj""_D (StfZTXa, fiWJKTo) pr. n. m. Mesha 
(= XJTOa, v. Nold. Mand. Gr., p. 64), name of several 
persons. Erub. 13 b x;:"a s6x . . . TSttJ *i X; Ms. M. (ed. 
■nmrn, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note), v. f»a PeahIL 6 X-"- 

Y. ed.(Ms. M. *n»; ed. '8W3, v. Rabb. D. S. a.l. note); Naz. 
56 b 'vm.— Hull. 12l a 'i-3. Y. Orl. I, 61 a bot. ; Y. Maasr. 
V, 51 d top.— Y. Sabb. I, 3 a bot; Y. Ber. n, end, 5 d 8W 
(corr. ace.). — lb. 4 C bot. M., grandson of R. Joshua b. 
Levi.— Y. Sabb. I, 2 C top.— Y. Naz, IX, 57 d bot. M., son of 
R. Jeremiah.— Y. Pes. IV, 30 d top 'a "« members of the 
Mesha family. 

XfipZISna, v. xpa-ijaii. 


HlLT'Dm. (b.h.;TS^)p/a»w, level; common (cmp. <"JSp2). 
Yoma 75 a "(play on LPWTil, Prov. XXIII, 31) "jVta nrns 
'as Y 1 ^" JTiaTT all forbidden connections appear to him like 
a common (to which all have access). lb. "02...zbv~ 72 
the entire world appears to him like a common (he dis- 
regards other people's rights); Num. R. s. 10 "jmst WIS 
'as IpSM he considers all sins free like a common. lb. 
'as EFPra . . . "pKJ'BCJ they (the oppressors) carry off all 
that belongs to them (the Jews), and their houses are 
left levelled like a common. Tanh. R'eh 3 fin'pnn ttttH 
'31 'a ftnbnn rtWfl 'a nsiDI D^Sp one road full of thorns 
in the beginning but level in the end, and one level in 
the beginning &c; a. e. 

anis-a, irrcrn, awlspp, v. snb 1^0, 
«Di^n ptfu Mrnstfo, v. sub -sm. 

t : • I t : .' t : : 


1^"Z2, "pETQ pr.n. (v. iZ&v I) Meshan, Mesene, the 
island formed by the Euphrates, the Tigris and the Royal 
Canal. Kil. 49 b 'a hba3 nrOT nine measures (of impu- 
dence) M. has carried off. lb. 71 b , a. e. WW3 pCTg M. 
is dead (for purity of descent), v. DW5- Yoma 10 a (expl. 
"TO CCttTI, Gen. X, 11) 'al ma Perath Meshan (v. Berl. 
Beitr. z. Geogr., p. 44). B. Kam. 97 b 'an HKT&tl ,..VO"> he 
may say to him, pass it (the repealed coin) in Mesene. 
B. Bath. 73 a jaHrOT; Sabb. 101 a 'SJTan, v. tUi% ' % Kidd. 
72 b v. y waia a t 

"-K2j n D m., n n Dl2 n ^f. (preced.) Mesenian. Kidd. 71 b 
'a josnaan Stn that Apamea where the Mesenian dialect 
is spoken. 

""© n Z3> ™l^3p. m - 0>. h. D^OTa; toj) straight line, 
horizontal, level. Kidd. H, 6 'a 'a' ■n'TC nittH& to divide 
his field in straight lines (beds) of various seeds (instead 
of squares, MYT3). Y. ib. II, 28 a top. Y. Erub. IV, 21 d 
bot. a telescope (v. nieisa) 'aa tv& na tWJt rrrrc the 
horizontal range of which he had tested before (v. Bab. 
ib. 43 b ).— Y. ib. V, 22 d top [read:] . . "CttJai niElsa SOaa 
'si 'aa he takes a telescope and tests its horizontal 
range, and then &c. 

SHOT, Vntift2, 'til2l ch. same, 1) bed.-Pl. 
""^-2, lyKBQ. Kidd. 39 a "2 ilea . . . 5*lT Ar. (ed. 'X'ra) 
planted the garden of the school-house in beds (of various 
plants), v. preced.— 2) plain, valley. Targ. Gen. XII, 6 (h. 




text "jibx). lb. O. XXXV, 8 (h. text fflNg). Targ. Deut. XI, 
30 (h. text TVSTS). lb. Ill, 10 (h. text rfohft; a. fr.— Lev. 
R. s. 12, beg. '0 hVra TQS Xim C]10 finally he (the drunk- 
ard) will make his house a level (v. liura). Sabb. 110 b 
TTOI "TB "<b 2n (sub. **1 HWITPOO) give me of what grows 
in the waste places of the valley (or bed) of leek. — PI. 
K**?^ T3^9 C^P)- Targ. 0. Num. XXII, 1 (Y. X*'"]UJa, 
corr. ace). Targ. O. Deut. XI, 30; a. e. — Gen. R. s. 42 
(transl. Wj, Gen. XIV, 6) plttfl Hr*fl». lb. end (ref. to 
"Oft*, ib. 13) Xlaai 'a.— Sabb. 1. c. "nfflitfl (Rashi KrVWJa, 

Ms. M. "TOttjo), v. xira a. xns. 

BntiTQ'IIi *ntj"t) camp, T.^tio. 

t I • •• : • 

rTQ I ch.=h. rvra to die, 6e dead. Imperf. nw, WW*. 
Targ. Gen. V, 8. Ib. XLIV, 20. Targ. O. Num. XX, 29 "TO 
mo (Var. 'a xni, m&ttk, v. Berl. Targ.O, II, p. 44). Targ. 
0. Gen. 11,17 man naa (ed. Amst. na->a); a. v. ir.—Part. 
mxa, (wo, ma, na;f. xma; pi. "pmyo, "prra, "pna. Targ. 
Y. Num. XXII, 30 xma "(ed. Amst. WTO). Targ. Ex. XII, 
33; a. fr.— Ber. 31 a 'JStjW that we must die. Y. Peah I, 
15 c hot. nrra she (his mother) died. Snh. 97 a m?a h*1 xb 
'31 C^X none of that place ever died before his time; 

Af. max to cause death, slay. Targ. O. Gen. V, 24 mas 
ed. Berl. (o'th. ed. max, 'SK), Ib. XXXVIII, 7 h"W3» ed. 
Berl. Targ. I Sam. XIV, 1 3 maa (ed. Lag. mnaa Polel) ; a. fr. 

rPQ II m., NETO, NHS I, NM c. (preced.) dead; 
corpse. Targ. Deut. XIV, 1. Targ. O. Num. XIX, 11 (ed. 
Amst. Xna); a. fr. — Y. Bice. Ill*, 65 b 'a ^Stp ",a pOT'p'l 
who rise before the dead (being carried to burial); a. fr. — 
PI. X*ma, tf«m Targ. Num. XVII, 13; a. fr.— Y. Kidd. I, 
61 c bot. 'a bs "ja^p -pWrTn 13 (not yvB+p) when they stand 
by the dead (lamenting); a. e. 

ItfrPD, SHG II m. (infin. of Xnx) coming. Targ. 
I SamT XVI, 4 ^a ed. Lag. (ed. Wil.Y^na); a. fr.— Gen. 
R. s. 60 (ref. to X3a X3, Gen. XXIV, 62) '31 'aa xnx he 
came from coming? Where did he go to? — PI. X*ma 
(with sing, sense; cmp. fc!>S»). Targ. 0. Gen. XXIV, 62 
Tfsna).— Gift, 30 a X^na rvratt xb this is not called 'com- 
ing home' (as fulfilling the condition). Keth. 17 a "pia 
'31 tf'.U.r'ljJ blessed by thy coming for peace ; Snh. ^Tp'.na. 

XrP^l f., constr. nmp = h. rTTpa. Targ. Y. I Gen. 
XXXV, 8 ; a. e. 

tf3£TO, v. xana. 

T : • t : • 

nri k '/C f. (b. h. ; rfla) death, penalty of death. Sabb. 
156 b nJICa 'a an unnatural death; haSS 'a natural death. 
Snh. 68 a ipXS nmo irvntfi DX if they shall die a natural 
death. Ib. XI, 4 (89 a ) T'33 'a death at the hand of the 
court. Ib. 5 D1X 1T*S VVna he must be put to death by 
man (court); D->am *Tra IrVfta he shall be put to death 
by the Lord. Keth. 37 b xwnx 'a one continued act of 
execution (comprising lashes and putting to death); a. 
iv.—Pl. rvirva. Snh. VII, l i"nb noas 'a snix four forms 
of capital punishment have been entrusted to the courts. 

Sot. 8 b '31 'a 3>3*1X fh the divine judgment taking the 
place of the four forms of capital punishment (which the 
Jewish courts can no longer decree) has not ceased; a. fr. 

\]W\ '12, v\12 m. (nna) stretching, drawing tight. Y. 
M. Kat. I, 80 fl bot. — 'a b» ana a pin used in weaving or 
embroidery to draw the thread tight, spool. Kel. XIII, 5 
(Talm. ed. ',ima). Ib. 'ab ns^pnn (ed. Dehr. xn^ab, v. 
Xmall a. K$mo). Ib. 8; Yeb.43 a *zb IX lib (Kel. ed. Dehr. 
xmab) made for snuffing the light (v. BJT0) or as a spool. 

pFPQ, T)12 m. Ojna) stretching, v. preced. Orl. I 4 
'a btf) ana (Ms. M. y*Va), v. preced. 

p n" 1 D, "PTiiTO (jxeciflopia) borders, front- 
iers. Gen.R. s.50, beg. Ar.(v. "p^ixl); Lev.R.s. 27 "p-llha 
(corr. ace). 

^Wn^Q f. (ma) death, dying. Targ. Y. I Num. XVI, 
29; a. fr— B. Bath. 16 b ; Taan. 23 a , v. xnvqn. 

fcOinrPEl (a feigned part. Ithp. of IPCS, denomin. of 
Wfl, a problematic substitute of mii, itself a substitute 
of nits ; v. "WT 1 *) I wi// 6e a nahiz. Ned. 10 b ; v. Xifnaia. 

&OrpQ m. (ma) [death,] the deceased. Yeb. 37 b , sq. 
'a 13 the son of the decceased person. 

CS.iP/U m. (Xnx) bringing home, drawing towards one's 
self. T Sabb. 102 a , \. XFisb; [Rashi: Xira rope].— [Ukts. I, 

2 Ximan, v. xnpa.] 

WriTD, v. Xira. 

t : • t i • 

SD^^Q ( a feigned part. Ithp. of WM, as a dialectic 
substitute of tp", denom. of l^pi, a substitute of p" 1 ^, itself 
a substitute of 'VIS) Jw;^/ 6e a wo'iz. Ned. 10 a • v. XS'rrV 1 ^. 

"in^D m. (b. h. ; in;) cord, rope.— PI. b^Jtyia, "'Iv' 1 '?. 
Num. T R.s.l2, end. Yalk. Ex. 374; a.e.— [Tanh.KiThetse 4 
■plrVa, read: "plp^a.] 

^Dl^a, v. xsina. 

T : - • t : - : 

ZVpT2,v, xn^a. 

u!2 thy water, v. "p^a. 

!jDm, (b. h.; TO) ZoM>Zy. Sot. 10 b (play on ansa, Ps. 
LVI, 1) bsb nrn ^a (TTW5 he was lowly and sincere to 
everybody. Lev. R. s. 34 '31 b3 ij&b ip Xiniz; "a the poor 
man is called makh, because he is lowly before every- 
body, he is like the lowest threshold; Midr. Prov. to ch. 
XXII '31 nsipDxn IS -ja he is lowly (bent down) to the 
lowest threshold. 

fcOD, 1SDSD m. (= N3Sa; T}?a) crushed, battered. — 
'a XT1T a battered Zuz (which cannot be passed). Sabb. 
129 a ; B. Kam. 37 a (Ms. M. 'xa); Bekh. 51 a 'xa. 

T • ' • : 

"72212 m., rn55<P f - C^i Fi -) broom; also the fan- 
shaped twig of the palm-tree. Ukts. I, 3 man br 'an » 




the stem of 'the hroom' of the palm-tree; Tosef. ib.I, 4 
mass. Tanh. Mas'e 13 (ref. to TtXtfl, Is. VIII, 23) p"dan 
'333 he swept them off as with a broom; Num. R. s. 23, 
end; Lam. R.introd. (R.Abbahu 2)-P2==32 0091, v.BaTT. 
Tosef. Sabb. VI (VII), 7 'an :r zr sit on a broom (a 
.superstitious practice); a. e. — PL "rhsza. Succ. 13 b 'a 
3"3r •"" palm-twigs on which there are dates; Y. Bets. 
IV, 62 c top. Pes. 56 b '"3 Vi" the dates hanging on the 
branches. Y. Peah IV, beg. 18" '33 3*" "r. (leave for the 
poor) dates on the branches. Y.Maasr.I, 48 d hot. — [Sabb. 
113 1 ' Vjrhasa, v. n33 I, Pi.] — [Ruth R. end Iffgj a some 
ed., read: PlTQM.] 

I — -■ —) v. pieced. 

"2.2 12, Targ. II Sam. XVII, 28, v. K33B. 

w 2j -, v. oasr. 

SrrZr^ (*,33)=h. n:"-, brooch, buckle. Sabb. 
62 a , expl. -.s-;:is.— lb! I56 b , a\ yv\ II. 

"fiDDj TDD, v. — ■=•:. 

n"lZ!^!C f.(b.h.-3='3;-3S ; v.rTOS) sieve.— HjCthaSQi 
Gen. R. si 39 ; Yalk. ib. 62; Yalk. Neh. 1071 ; Ruth R. end 
(not tWCdS . 

EDZQu m.("i ; 3S)e/of/ies-|)ress;screJt',me. Tosef. Sabb. 
XVI (XVII), 5 =-"" . . . -';"- bO '3 (ed. Zuck. BW3 for CM, 
corr. ace.) a domestic clothes-press which has been un- 
screwed to take out clothes. Sabb. XX, 5 '21 ■p""-r"3. .. ' - 
you may unscrew a domestic clothes-press but not screw 
it (on the Sabbath). Ib."pC3"2 ~3"('3) the washers' clothes- 
press. Kel. XVI, 7 3""r; VO ' - the carpenter's vise (for 
straightening wood), v. fTO 3 ; Tosef. ib. B. Bath. I, 8 3T333 
".".: ;:'. Ib. 15 '31 3=3," 23," '3 the leather worker's press on 
which he stretches the hides. Y. Sabb. XX, end, 17 d ; a. e. 


i \^2 f. (b. h.; nz:) wound, plague, stroke, bloiv. Sabb. 
134 b . T Meg. 13 b (ref. to Esth. Ill, 1) njOSI . . . &C3'3 "in it 
'a? after the Lord had prepared the healing of the wound 
(the means of salvation); a. v. fir. — P.11X3 P33, r*vTTT33 ' -. 
rrmo '= &c, v. respective determinants. Sot III, 4 rz= 
"i'MTIBJ Y. ed. (Bab. a. Mish. tt&Q) the wound inflicted by 
the Pharisees, i. e. injury done under the pretext of strict 
adherence to the letter of the law, or of benevolence; Y. 
ib. 19 a '=-, r.-^v •-•: KTIO rr,'z'~ -the plague of the Phar- 
isees' is he who advises heirs to evade paying aliment- 
ation to the widow. Ib. "3 tPX %% IT (collect, pi.) the 
Pharisean plague has struck her; ib. 13 "";: 'S '3 n* his 
friends under the pretext of benevolence have deprived 
him of the benefit of the poor-law; Y. Peah VIII, 21* 
bot. — Sot. I0 b (play on 3r=3. v. -":) 3" rtori -rz~ r fftiB 
his defect was a perfection, for he was born circumcised; 
[Rashi: 'the place where he was to be wounded']. — PI. 
rvis-3. Ex. R. s. 10; a. fr.— Snh. I, 2 rwoVua '"3 corporal 
punishment (lashes, v. P**33=) must be decreed by a court 
of three. Ib. 10 a X&nttb nrnst-- 4a a number of lashes 
which is divisible by three (39); a. £r. — Maccoth (Ptmish- 

ments), a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, Talmud Babli 
a. Y'rushalmi, of the Order of N'zikin. 

• i —12 f. (b. h.; rvr) burnt spot on the skin, burn. Neg. 
IX, 1 'a iCn IT Cam nana Bine fe all wounds produced 
through fire (directly or indirectly) are called 'burns'. Ib. 
YIII, 7 '3fi LFM'fiJ the cicatrization of a burn. Ib. IX, 2 ; 
SifraThazr.,Neg., Par. 4, ch.VII '=1 'al "piO *)■« an inflam- 
mation and a burn cannot be combined (to make up the 
minimum size required for uncleanness); a. fr. 

[\,Jj2 m. ( m fG) a straightening device,vise. Pesik.Zutr., 
Haaz. (p. Ill ed.Bub.) '=1 ttV) 'SO WO he placed it (the 
crooked wood) in a vise, and it was not straightened; 
(Sifre Deut. 308; Yalk. Deut. 942; Yalk. Ez. 362, corrupt 
versions); cmp. "3 : ==3. 

I "}-■'—> ww pr. n. Mikhvar, Makhvar, a district of 
Peraea. [The situation of Machaerus forbids its identi- 
fication with our w.] Targ. Y. I, II Num. XXXII, 1 ; ib. 
XXI, 32 (Y.1 13=13; h. text W). Ib. XXXH, 35 (Y. I *a 
SHKBrO, II nnzmVa; h. text rVBSft 1ir).-Y.E. Hash. II, 
58 a top TTOl 'a vm ; (Bab. ib. 23 b ; Tosef. ib. II (I), 2 tr+fl 
— "-),v. Tins ; Y. Shebi. IX, 38 d bot; (Tosef. ib.VII, 11 3TI 
*VttttSr\ ed. Zuck., v. Var. ib. note). — Tam. Ill, 8 '"3 ~r. 
(Talm. ed.30 b "H3); Yoma 39 b "1333 "«lh (Ms.O. TrOa; Ms. 
M. ni"m; Ms. M 2 "rtttOB). 

p^lD!2 m. pi. faz, V?3; cmp. n'312) curtain, cover. 
Targ.II Kings XXHI, 7 (Ar. '^zz). " 



UU m. (b. h.; "jiG) defined place; plan; residence. 
Sot. VIII, 3 "Diaa I» PPO n;i3n he who rebuilds a house 
on its old place and plan. Lam.R.introd. (R. Joh. 1)":"3'3~ 
■(HDfiftl to my original residence (heaven). — Esp. Makhon, 
name of one of the seven heavens. Hag. 12 b . 

lUl^C f. (preced.) a place where animals are kept 
ready for slaughtering ; stall, coop. — PL ri:'zz. Ohol. 
VHI, 1.— [Y.Sabb. XVH, 16 b top mtWDI, v. X:=n2.] 

CwiJiJ'bj f. ("(G Pa.) looking out, lurking. — Targ. 
Jud. V, 11 ""3C"'; r:"*3 r"3 the place where robbers lie 
in wait. 


Tr^212, v. nrvoa. 

T : t • ; 

ni"liD22, v. nin3-3. 

wl»!C I m. ('liz:) hoe, spud; digging with the spud. B. 
Bath. 54 a '31 1HX *B H3 HTOPTD fTO (Ms. R. n2 'CZ'.Zl) as 
soon as he has inserted the spud once, he has taken posses- 
sion of the entire field. Ib. 13^3 "3, ; "r"3 Z'~z only the 
place where he dug. — [Y. Ned. IV, beg. 38 c Vl" tSYTTTp 
'3, v. r-2-:.] 

CE2 II m. (TOB3, v. 3J33S) 1) clapper of a bell. Midr. 

Till, to Ps. VII, 10 '31 ?« todai -,1332b H 3T1 like a 

golden bell whose clapper is inade'of a jewel*. — 2)Jiaiumer, 





striking with the hammer. Ab. Zar. 19 1 ' "jllhx 'a the last 
stroke (driving the nail in).— [Tosef. Mikv. VI (VII), 17 
B 'ttr PCm , ed. Zuck., read : D^aiaan, v. lU3a.] 

tfteq, Ktf&Di, m^bo C h. »>», tom^ ; 

knocker. Lev. B. s. 24 'a ri!»% mm *,xa whoever has a 
hammer (or a hoe, v. next w.). Gen. E. s. 44 (ed. "Wil. 
mjTBa); Yalk. ib. 77 ntttWJ, v. ttJttJS. Y.Meg. Ill, 73 d bot., 

v. xiaiaa. 

S{D"D23 II ch.*=h. ttMjBB L, hoe, spade. Lev. E. s. 25 
'31 fp'jjiaa •jlSB"' (Var. in Ar. XGB ab"*) shall take up his 
spade and go out and plant trees. 

TPOD f. (T|0) 1) poverty. B. Mets. 114 a ; Arakh. 17 1 ' 
(ref. to SJO, Lev. XXVII, 8) '31 Vidua xmtt} 15 he must 
have remained in his impoverished condition from the 
beginning to the end of the proceedings.— 2) humility. Gen. 
E.s.74, end (play onnnaa, Ps.LX.l) niani msni humility 
(of David) and innocence ; Yalk. Sam. 147 irb niani ID. 

CS^ njQ f. (Assyr. makua, v. Frankel Zeitschr. fur As- 
syriol. Ill, p. 53; Proceed. Soc. forBibl. Archaeol. 1887, 
p. 103) a certain kind of boat,(low boat?). Keth.69 b X"npOX 
Tm ; (Taan. 21 a xnS^Bbl, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 300), v. 
X^ipOX; [Eashi: sail]. B.Bath. 161 b 'a (^2£) drew a 
ship in place of his name (Eashb. mast); Gitt. 36 a ; 87 b 
(Eashi: sail-yard). 

TflSE f. (n=?) a bite. Koh. E. to VI, 11 [read:] Xin IX 
'a, v. •itfpy?. 

" IMwD, "n jD m. (bna) staff used for painting the 
eye. Kel. XIII, 2 cpfi ^3© 'a a painting staff the spoon- 
shaped side of which is broken off; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. 
Ill, 5, v. 13 T. Snh. 68 a niBlBiaa 'aa; Cant. E. to I, 3, v. 
rvroj a. ion. B. Mets. 91 a niBlBiaa 'as as the painting 
stick is inserted in the tube ; Mace. 7 a ; a. e. 

fct^PDOm., fctSJXDQ f. ch. same. B. Earn. 117 a 
XE031 'aa tvb lbl Ar". (ed. xnb ) they lifted his eye- 
lids with a silver stick. — PI. ^H3a. Gitt. 69 a 'a xnbn, 
three staff-fuls of paint. 

"OQ, fcO/G (v. ~ia) to decline, bend. Targ. Jud. V, 4 ; 
a. e. (v. ?pm). ' 

Af. "cax to lower. Gen. E. s. 17, beg. fiBxb roax she 
lowered her face (looked down sulkily); Lev.E.s. 34 FOaX 
XBX ta? (corr. ace). 

Ithpe. *aanx to be bent down, depressed. Targ. Ps. 
xxxvm, 9 n^aanx (ed. Wil. maanx; h. text trail). 

Ib. CVI, 43. Targ.' Job XXIV, 24 (Ms. to^anx). 

"OEI m ., #°012, n*DQ f. '(preced.) 1) bent, cowed, 
timid. Lev. E. 8. 13 [read:] X^il xa^ ",a Xp^O "tt xntTl Xlfi 
'31 'a Ar. (ed. X"Oaa) an animal coming on land from the 
water is timid, coming out of the forest, it is not; Cant. 
E. to III, 4 (corr. ace.).— 2) low. — PI. X^3a. Gen. E. s. 
32 XVI 'a pa ix if it is one of the low mounts; (Cant. E. 
to IV, 4 X»3^aa, v. next w.). 

fga WED mJ&aO, NFD'Dn umiyftm 

Zow/y, // umble. Targ. Lev. XIII, 20, nq. — Targ. Pi o v. XVII I , 
14 (ed.Wil.xn.33a). Ib.XVII, 27;— PL T^aa, X*3i3?. 
Targ. Is. LVII, 15. Targ. Job V, 11 ; a. fr. — Cant. E. to 
IV, 4, v. preced. [—2) bolster, cushion, v. X33a.] 

SkfiD J12 f. (preced.) 1) lowliness, humility. Targ. 
Koh. X, 6; a. e.— 2) languor. Ib. 18 XITPpEn WOTBO lan- 
guor in the observance of the law (h. text D"m tllPBttJ). 

MPmOi v. v*a 

t : • - i • - 

^"DD, 876*00, 'b^E f. (Vtt) l) measure o/ca- 
pacity; trnsf. (v. mja) retribution, dealing out. Targ. 0. 
Deut. XXV, 14. Targ. I Chr. XXIII, 29 ; a. fr.— Targ. Job 
IX, 22 'a van the same destiny.— PI. "i'^=^, l^O. NrVr;:, 
'^3a. Targ. Y. Deut. 1. c. Targ. O. Lev.XIX, 36 (Y. &tta, 
read: )\. . .). Y. B. Bath. V, end, 15 b 'a 53? Vta nin punish- 
ed for false measures. — 2) a vessel used in connection ivith 
the show-bread in the Temple. — PI. Stn/s-ca. Targ. Ex. 
XXV, 29 (h. textrvnpaa); a. e.— 3) ( a collection 
of rules of interpretation, treatise, tract. Gitt. 44 a "p" 1 ? 
Tjirip^aa read it up in thy collection (Boraitha). Pes. 48 a 
'31 'aa m^ linxi and his reply is recorded in another 
collection.— Y. Ab. Zar. IV, 44 b top 'a . . p^EX E.Y. pro- 
duced the M'khilta (v. infra ; v. Mekh. Mishp. s. 20, ed. 
Weiss, p. 107, note 100). — PL "jX^sa. Lev. E. s. 3, beg. 
'a 13 . . . mniai he likes to be called a man mastering 
many Mekhiltas; Koh. IV, 6 'a MB (some ed. xb'^a, 
"X^sia, v.xbsiall). — Esp. M'khilta, or M. d'be R.Yish- 
mael, a Halakhic and Midrashic book on Exodus from 
ch. XII, to XXXV. 

T3D, v. 133. 

"TOQ, Pirke d'E. El. ch. XXXVIII, read XV3a, v. 

PTPD/3 f. ("DO) sale. E. Hash. 26 b ; Sot. I3 a , v. rvna I. 
Y. Kidd. I, 59 a 'a 'a we draw an analogy between the ex- 
pressions -oa (Deut. XV, 12 a. Ex. XXI, 7). msnaUJ 
'a bia the seventh year counted from the date of sale, 
opp. D515 bw the Sabbatical year. B. Kam. 68 a ns^XUJ 'a 
mtin a sale which cannot be reconsidered; a. fr. — Y. 
Maas. Sh. Ill, beg. 54 a miTTa "inn^a its sale is permitted 
in a special Biblical passage (Deut. XIV, 24, sq.). 

| '""PjQ (|xa^atpa) knives, daggers. Tanh.Vayhi9 
(play on ninsa, Gen. xlix, 5) mannb •ptipw xin vf ynub 
'a it is Greek, in which swords are called machaerin. 
Gen. E. s. 99 'a Xlil W yw^ Pirke d'E. El. ch. XXXVIII 
tWl a*ir& D^X-ilp bWW (read: X^3a). Gen. E. s. 88 
'31 13M5 'a X13ip (combine into one word: xovSo[j.dy£ipa,v. 
S. compounds of xovto) they put short daggers in to their 
shoes. Lev. E. s. 33, beg. "pT^ia (corr. ace), v. brtBHWJi 

"DlBSraD, v. ^rvmn. 
HttS^a, v. xniiaal. 

T • - r 

JJDQ (v. T^a), Eif. ^n ^o &en(7, fott'er. Tosef. Naz. 
IV, 7 '31 nx ^nqa^ri I bent my head. 

Nif. T)"?; fo 6e crushed. Sifre Deut, 290 13a3, v. Van. 
Nithpa. ~aar,2, v. Jja^a, 





:|» J ch, same, to lower, level; to humiliate. Targ. Y. 
Ex. XII, 37 'Z' trgrrcfc to level mountains. Targ. Ps. XXXV, 
15 (h. text O-a:). — Part. pass.: "^On, pLyvoa laid under, 
bolstered. Targ. Ez. XXIII, 41, v. next w. 

Pa. Tie"? same. Targ. Y. Num. XIV, 14. Targ. Prov. 
XXII, 22.— Targ. Lam. Ill, 3-4. Targ. Ps. CXLVII, 6 [read :] 
--""?", v. -X":; a. e.-Yoma 84 b "WW ""*? Kashi a. Ms. 
0. (ed. T p S UU , v. Eabb. D. 8. a. 1. note 9; Ms. L. fOBB 
"="0, v. ~rO) he subdues the flame (and produces a coal 
fire which can be utilized). 

Ithpa. "2^rx to be humbled, cast down. Targ. Ps. 
XLII, 6; a. e. 

X-^.— m. (preced.; cmp. Tpa) bolster, cushion. Targ. 
Ez. XXIII. 41 -p" "z '"*=- ed. Lag. (ed. only npi-i T&iXO, 
corr. ace.) bolstered with cushions of honor. Targ. II Sam. 
XVII, 28 ed. Lag. (ed. "fttBO, corr. ace; h. text 33pa). 
Targ. Am. VI, 7 ed. Lag. (ed. pBTBB). 

NFD3a, v. re-.. 

53Q m. (333) fraud, adulteration. Mekh.Mishp. s. 13, 
v. bVj. 


t • : t : . :' t • 

n5D!C, '"Q f. (b. h.: rtbSD) perfection.— PI. nftra, "O; 
aw 'a (vessels) made of pure gold. Men. 29 a (expl. ant '"3, 
II Chr.IV,21) '=1 aw 3=3 ir.b^'U it used up all the locked 
up gold of Solomon. 

n>0^2 m. (n*33) Destroyer, name of an angel of judg- 
ment. Deut. E. s. 3, v. iaOTt 

Sr""^-, v. xr'.'ar-a. 

T : •• t : - 

553Dj v. 333. 

t : • * : 

H55DO, Cant. E. to LT, 15, v. irrnb& 

^<^?E pr. n. pi. (3^3) Makhlalta (Crown). Targ. 
Y. Num. XXXII, 3 ; 34 (h. text rvhas, nhl»). lb. 35 HSftSO 

( y. n —i '-a ; h. text n'-cs). 
^77212, v. fcVba 

S^rD^, Yalk. Dan. 1061 some ed., v. X'wnbsa. 

mm, i112m;12 f pi. "-''::•;, v. next w. 

"TlESE, rnCDJQ f. (b. h. ; na3 fo Aufe) trap, small 
fisher's net, contrad.'to Bnrt, Y. Pes. TV, 30 d top; Y. M. 
Kat. II, end, 81 b UB X"n Tl one may fish with the small 
net. Y. Yeb. XVI, 15 d top (prob. to be read: rth.'. .pi), 
v. "-zz.—Pl. rvrf iuta a, ' f 't uXUU , U TT OjU . Tosef. Bets. Ill, 1; 
Y. ib.62 a top. Yeb. 121 a yiflP DU ; Tosef. ib.XIV, 6 WTUDO 
(Var.nwmaaBi readr-x--:;-;. fr.r" VBfg. Kel.XXLU, 5. 
Makhsh. V, 7. Pirke d'E. El. ch. LI LHWlT IULUJU p&lW 
will be caught in the nets laid for them ; a. e. 

?JDDD (v. ^30) to crush. 

Nithpalp. -patttrt fo &e o-usAc(7. Snh. 10 l b (Ar. ed. pr. 
tgRTO); cmp. ?J»D. 

U u JlZ, v. next w. 

DDDQ pr. n. pi. (b. h. 'i»»33) Mikhmas in Benjamin. 
Men. VIII, 1 (Bab. ed. 83 b 0^33a, corr. ace; v. Eabb. D. 
S. a. 1.); Tosef. ib. IX, 2 Dasa ed. Zuck. (Var. Oa . .). 

HQDQ, v . ias. 

"IDDC m. (b. h., v. T^ysyo)trap,net. B.Kam. 117 a .— 
[ffnasa, Esth. E. to VI, 10 ed. Wil., read B*naBB.] 

riHHpO, v. miaaa. 

k\u212 f. constr. (compound of a, 3 a. Xa; cmp. 
x-:=-) of those like. Targ. Ps. LXXIII,15 ed.Lag., v. Xa3X 

*]I}Q, v. 1X3. 

"3DD, v. -i:=^?a. 

D"0DQ, Men. 83 b , v.0a3a.— [Gen.E. s. 31 "lO^sa, some 
ed., v. next w.]. 

OjDD m. (033) 1) storing up, laid-in stock. Y. Kil. 
II, beg. 27 c 'a "jTT in the way of storing up (for home 
consumption). Gen. E. s. 31 iojra an, v. tfaaft. Y. Dem. 
IDT, 22 c top b tKWW 1033a 311 'the larger portion of his 
storage comes from Jews. — 2) 'a ma the lower side of the 
shovel, v. Oris. Y. B. Mets. IX, beg. 12 a . 

D".p3DD, D^.P??^ m. du. (b.h.; 033) [clothes of 
retirement,'] undergarment, drawers. Yoma VLT, 5. Ib. 
23 b th Dip -an Utt* X31B that there must be no garment 
put on before (under) the drawers; a. fr. 

"PJDUD, 212 ch. same. Targ. 0. Lev. VI, 3; a. e. 

NFTCEODE f. 0S33) gathering in. B. Mets. 21 a *?fi '3 
m the season of storing up the grains from the thresh- 
ing floor; ib. b i*vnai 'a (corr. ace). [Ar. s. v. UJ33, reads 
XCT:r33, and explains: the sweepings of the threshing 

ODD (denom. of next w.) to pap toll on. Midr.Till. 
to Ps. CXVLLI, 20 '31 33 0313 -|3ix nx unless thou payest 
the toll on all thy goods, thou wilt have nothing left.- — 
V. oris. 

ODD m. (b. h. ; 003) [marking of, counting,] toU, tax. 
Succ.'30 a nm ma the custom-house. Sabb. 33 b ; Ab. Zar. 
2 b 'a Dna bxrb o^ltta Orapn you put up bridges in order 
to raise toll on them. Ib. 13 a "an nx 13 mfi to him shall 
the toll be remitted. Tanh. Lekh 5 "pan *3» 'a 133 collect 
the duty as if it were wheat;— PI. niXD3?. Ab. d'E. 
N. ch. XXVIII. 





S&3E, '^12 ch. same. Gen. R. s. 40 tft X331 |f6 
(r='^ 133) when he arrived at the custom-house. Ih. an 
'a pay toll. Ah. Zar. 4 a '31 'a IT^ TpattJ they released him 
from taxes for thirteen 3 r ears. [5ft5a, infin. of ND3, v. 
"S3.] — PJ. ^CCa, " i a. "2 "tt Custom House, name of a place. 
Keth. 112* top; Yeb. 45 a ; Gitt. 46 h ; v. X313II. 

M&DQ, v. stasia. 

t : t » i 

^DSDDQ, v. sotra. 

HDpD m. (b. h.; nwil) 1) tent-cover. Sabh. 28 a ; a. 
e — PL hikbSO. lb. Num. R. s. 12, end; a. e.— 2) (v. Lev. 
Ill, 3) the cover of the inwards, peritoneum. Y. Hor. I, 
46 a top '3 3^51 (not '3151) and the fat of the peritoneum. 

THIODlS/^OpC m. pi. (IDS, cmp. Arab, kasar and 
denom.) division, settlement of shares (cmp. Cos). Y'lamd. 
to Num. XXIII, 10, quot. in Ar. iifflSnl -|Vl!3 nK VlBME^ 
'31 'an when thou (Balaam) takest thy share and makest 
a settlement, thou shalt agree with (or thank) me. [Ar. 
refers to rnccx.] 

nDDQ, Y. Sabb. VI, end, 8 d 'vb 3"1p, read: (H?BQ>, 
v. KS313. 

Dl^TDTDDE, Mekh. Yithro, Amal., s. 2 end, read: 
■pb^i-iCOE m. pi. (Ta£e<onr)0 magistrate's assistants. 

"p'TODC, v. yiibsa. 

*|DDD (denom. of next w.) to chastise. [Targ. Ps. XCIV, 
12 ^3*3033, Var. ed. Lag., read: 'MB, v. -|G3.] 

Ithpa. "japan:* to be chastised. Targ. Job XXXIII, 19. 

SDDDQ m. ("j33) chastiser.— PL "naDSe. Targ. Prov. 
XXIV, T 25 (ed. Lag. '^33X3, Ms. ^3X033). 

&CVDDDQ f. (preced.) chastisement, rebuke. Targ. Ps. 
L, 17. lb. XXXIX, 12 (some ed. '=03, corr. ace); a. e. — 
PL xn^333a (v. next w.). lb. XXXVIII, 15. Targ. Job 
XXIII, i RW tt to a ed. Lag. (corr. '113D33 or ^SSM; oth. 
ed. sing.). 

fcO^D&pQ same. Targ. Job XXXI, 23 tT*SB3a Ms. 
(ed. Lag. "E^Da; ed. Wil. '""SBa). 

HDDQ, Y. Succ. II, end, 53 b , read : nspa. 

H550D f. (b. h.; ?B3) doubling, coupling. Erub. 53 a 
'3 la^^n that is the reason whj r it is called 'double cave'. 
lb. '3 iX3 why is it called &c.?— Gen. R. s. 98 im®** 9VW 
'an rVeflDO vas hear, oh Israel, our father of the double 
cave!; a. e. 

HDD (b. h.; cmp. ni3) to sell. Sifre Deut. 169 (ref. to 
Deut. XVIII, 8) '31 1-133 ii3 what have the fathers sold 
to one another? (Answ. the weekly turns); Succ. 56 a ; 
Y. ib. V, end, 55 d . B. Bath. 64 b , a. fr. 1313 W! yvi 1313 
the seller is presumed to sell liberall}', i. e. to sell all ex- 
cept that which is specified as excluded; '3 i"l"~i *p^3'3 he 
sells only that which is specified as sold. Ib. IV, 1 . . .1313(1 
'31 '3 8*b if one sells . . ., he has not implicitly sold &c. 
Sot. HI, 8 '31 rWia rTOJtfl 'px a woman cannot sell her 

daughter; a. v. fr.— Part. pass. 1133 ; f. n*133; pi. 3^1133, 
ynw'q; nil13a. Tosef. Ab. Zar. Ill (IV), 18 '3 m "hh he 
is sold (the sale is valid). B. Bath. IV, 3. Tosef. B.Kam. 
VII, 8 '31 'an tvmn wine casks which have been sold to 
the shopkeeper (awaiting delivery); a. v. fr. 

Nif. 1333 to be sold. Sot. 1. c. flea? ,,.'; vptfn a man 
can be sold for his theft, but a woman cannot &c. Mekh. 
Mishp. s. 2 ; a. fr. 

™DQ, Ithpa. isanx (denom. of 133) to be made ac- 
quainted'. Targ. Prov. XIX, 14 Var. ed. Lag. (ed. N13an3, 

V.' 133). 

"012 m. (b. h.; 133) sale. Kidd. 6 b Hip K? 'a3 if the 
transaction is a sale (of land), he has not acquired pos- 
session (by delivering the purchasing money as a loan). 
Ib.47 a 'a3 'pffl! and they agree in the case of a sale. Keth. 
XI, 4 Vj3 ttl33 her sale is invalid ; a. fr.— V. 1333. 

H3D m. (b. h. ; 133) acquaintance, friend. Y.Gitt. Ill, 
45 a "03>b '3 12)1 has the poor man a friend?, i. e., is he who 
separates the poor man's tithes permitted to reserve them 
for a certain person? — PL a" 1 *©?, constr. ^33. Ib. 'an 
'31 n3in3 the Mishnah speaks of friends of priests or Le- 
vites (to whom the owner is in the habit of giving the 
priestly shares); Bab. ib. 30 a . Ib. Wlp i6 '33 (sub. tltfPO) 
the Mishnah does not distinctly speak of friends. Hull. 
133 a ; a. fr. 

S~0I2 ch. same. Targ. II Kings XII, 6. — PL "p33. 
Ib. 8. T ' 

n*l"lDl3 f. pi. 1) (13a) sales, trnsf. m. (cmp. ninip?) 
seller. Gen.R.s.98 (ref. to Gen.XLIX, 6 _ n'i33) for whom 
are those weapons fit? WjrT^lfilSO!) to their seller, to Esau 
who sold the birth-right (to their father). -2) (=nilba, fr. 
133, cmp. 13a) friendship, neighborhood, neighbors. Tanh. 
Vayhi 9; Gen. R. s. 99 (ref. to Gen. I. c.) WTWOa X"1 
'31 3rT i ni1ia3(ed. Wil. '1133) and some say m'kherothehem, 
means their neighborhoods (ed. Wil.: and some say, read 
it m'khorothehen) as we read (Ez. XVI, 3) &c— V. TT3-2. 

'j'HDQ, Y. Hall. I, 58 a top 'a WW (ed. Krot. "pan) 
prob. to be read "pisia, the dough prepared by sellers 
(intended to be used as leaven). 

5l£p/Q m. (b. h. ; bti») hindrance. Succ. 62* tWW 
'a ixip Isaiah called the evil inclination 'hindrance' (Is. 
LVII, 14). 

~PU "D12 m., pi. T"1**CP72 (1^3) \)preparatory means, 
preliminary acts. Meg. 7 1 ' £23 231X "l^apa acts prelimin- 
ary to the preparation of food (as grinding the slaughter- 
ing knife &c). lb. Yn-flfaa &6l Sin it says (Ex. XII, 16) 
'that' (alone may be done), but not its preliminaries. Ib. 
'31 1UJBX1D 'a acts which might have been done a day 
before. Erub. 102 b , sq. nisa'a requirements of a religions 
act (to be performed on the Sabbath, v. nni). Sabb. 136 a 
nbia '3 requirements for circumcision. Tosef. Pes. V, 1 ; 
Y.Sabb.XIX, 17* top;— 2) Makhshirin (things which 
make an object fit for levitical uncleanness), name of a 




treatise of the Mishnah and Tosef ta, of the Order of 

r j3r , 2 m. (b. h.; CJK3) sorcerer. Snh. VII, 4. lb. 11 Wl 
tXBSSn ".'■:" a sorcerer, that is, he who performs a real act 
of sorcery; a. ir. — Pl. BOMBIX Tanh. Vaera 3. Snh. 67 b 
T*l '- bVSQ . . . 2"X Ob and Yid'oni are included in the 
law against sorcerers ; a. fr. 

nS'^C' r f. (b. h.; preced.) sorceress. 8nh. 67 a ^rx "z 
';• r"X~ by the expression 'sorceress' (Ex. XXII, 17) both 
man and woman are meant. Y. ib. II, end, 25 tl /m z r'i*1E3 on 
the section treating of sorcery; a. e. 

r r m'2*2 :. (preced.) sorcery. Tanh. Vayetse 12 "21 
(some ed. "£'i"~ -2, corr. ace.) with sorcerous charms, v. 

2rZ"2 m.(b. h.; z\Tjz) writ, letter. Ab. V, 6, a. e. 2n=h 
•:r-. V. zrz.—PI. -"-:•:. "paftBO. Tosef. Sabb. XVII 
(XVIII), 8 Z'Z'ZZ- Wl fed. Zuck. pa»tf1) the public 
announcements in cities. 

2?"^, SZri « ch. same. Targ. Esth. IX, 27.-— PI. 
•,-"=V Targ.Y^IDeut. XXXII, 8. 

—»*.-; J m. (preced. wds.) writing tool, pencil, stylus. 
Kel. XUI, 2; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. Ill, 4 '=1 3rYOh fcO« "0 
the stylus of which the pointed end is broken off, v. -~"~ : 
Y.Sabb.VTH,ll b bot. Kidd.21 b ; a.e.— PL =-2"-,-"-=f 
Y. Taan. VI, 69 a top '=' "X "V™ '~- (not tftTttKO) with 
these our pencils we shall march out and stab them ; Lam. 
R. to II, 2 ; to III, 49. 

SZrr - ch. same. Ab. Zar. 22 b v. kta*. 

t : - : ' tt - 

O — » J Jj V. 2" - ch. 

T T : • t : • 

:::::, v . woo. 

ST*"?!- f. pi. (v. xrz) after-crop. Sabb. 110 b '-- 
Ms. M., v.'xrr. 

7 T T 

T?DD, ▼.-«?• 

IZrZ'-lm. (b. h.; 2~2) imprcssio)i, writ. — PI. yvSPCPO. 
Tosef. T Sabb. XVH (XVIII), 8 ed. Zuck., v. 3W30 h. 

"«1T2E m. (b. h.: "Jrz) 1) mortar. Y. Peahll, 17 a top, 
v. rr2. — 2) mortar-shaped cavity; — 3) jaw. Gen. R. s. 98 
(expl. Jud. XV, 19) TOSJ '" WtM 2-p-n that place was 
named Makhtesh (Cavity); ib. '21 1? x*2rrr TdVq it in- 
timates that the Lord opened to him a spring from between 
his (the ass') teeth (taking "2 as jaw). — 4) an instrument 
of torture. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. VII, 8, v. S*l Pesik.Shek. 
p. 15% v. Troh. 

— rr^, S wT~"2 m. (- ; ~D 1) wound, plague, afflic- 
tion. Targ. Ex. XI, 1. Targ. Lev. XIII, 29; a. fr.— [Targ. 
Y. Gen. XH, 19 fern.]— PI. jitJUfU, TWO, Targ. Gen. Xn, 
17. Targ. Ps.LXXXIX, 33.-2) [pounding. -PI. !^Rn, T = ;. 

Targ. Prov. XXVII, 22, combining massoretic vers, with 
one from which LXX. a. Pesh. are translated, v. ~"~"X.] 

nSrD^ f. (preced.) 1) mortar. B. Bath. IV, 3 'Oh 
hS'Opn the stationary mortar in the house. lb.65 b ; Tosaf. 
ib. Ill, 1 npipp; "2h a mortar hewn out of a rock in the 
house. Taan. 28 a ; a. fr.— 2) cavity. Tosef. Xidd. VIII, 6; 
Nidd. 61 a rvmrr hfi6o "Q a hole in the ground full of 

JH, v. *;••:. 

~jQ m. (V:"2) brittle, easily crushed. Sifra Vayikra, 
N'dab., ch.XIV, Par. 13 (play on 5wWj Lev. 11,14) 5o jp 
tender, yet brittle; Men. 66 b bvl "p (Ms. M. X;2l "TO, v. 
Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note); Y. Sabb. I, 2 d hot. xb"3 ~p (corr. 

ace), v. bmrts. 


Wj v, 

Xr'-2 a. h^2. 

S"3 I (b. h.) to be full, v. iO"? II. — Tosef. Dem. V, 
24 -pro -X:"3 -X" 1 !! how could thy heart be so full of 
thyself, i. e. how daredst thou? 

Pi. V&Q, n'x-3 to fill, to draw (water). Erub. VIII, 6 
'il "("W^ao *p» (Y. ed. y i qo ) you must not draw water 
out of it on the Sabbath. B. Bath. 162 b BW p 3 inx'r-c 
if he filled the vacant space on the document with the 
signatures of relatives; Gitt. 87 b . Hor. ll b tnpO xb"" 
iTtii Tr.'QX he was filling his ancestors' place, was a direct 
successor; a. fr. 

Eithpa. x'rarh, Nithpa. «5raW to be filled. Ber. 3 b ; 
59 a '21 K^OTO "*On fS*. v. »rt*T L Y. Succ. Ill, end, 54 a 
■Opt B^BOPnW T9 until he has a full beard. Y. Ber. IX, 13 d 
bot. ahl "-:"! _ x'--;rri be full of gold denars ; hKkgro htty n 
and it became filied with &c. Gen. R. s. 33 *&M OTOTfl «6?hh 
"*;X ';? be merciful to one another. Ib. 'TsAsKtp. .VTVp 
~""n~ "?? I saw her in distress and was filled with pity 
for her ; a. fr. 

PS^G ch. same, v. *:2. 

T i ' ■• : 

&*"□ II m., HPt^E, H?T3a f. (b. h.) full. Ab. IV, 
20 "j— "^ "Z . . . . w* 1 many a new vessel is full of old wine 
(many a young man is full of wisdom). Meg. 6 a (ref. to 
Ez. XXVI, 2) Tt i-Qlh r, '2 CIS* when one (of the two 
cities, Jerusalem and Caesarea) is full, the other is waste ; 
a. fr.— Esp. a full month, of thirty days. Bekh. 58 a "l"" 
':•" O at times (in some years) it is full, at times defective, 
v. "Ch; a. fr— PI. B^O, TkSjo, ^Vo; f. " ; x:-?, r -;2. Ber. 
57 a ; Erub. 19 a , a. e. flO-O t"V«0 "3 are full of good deeds 
as a pomegranate (is full of seeds); a. fr. — [hits'O as a 
noun, v. rtSJib^.] 

BSD h., ^b"!2 ch., v. xi=2. 

: t : : 

ns^2, v. x*22 n. 

"^Cj pr. n. m. M'lai. Sabb. 139 a (Ms. 0. "V&BB, v. 
Snh.'98 a j. 

n »bc 

>/-« I m. (x'~*a) sfore, goods, merchandise. Pes. 31 ! 




Di"03 bUJ 'al and the goods (in the store) belong to gen- 
tiles. Tosef.ib.I(Il), 17 bsniu^ b© 'San if the goods belong 
to an Israelite. Pes.53 b '31CP3b'abi;:an b3 one who throws 
the profits of merchandise into the purse of scholars, i. 
e., gives scholars an opportunity of gaining a livelihood.— 
Sabb. 56 a DW ^M bs lV*n T3 they (the sons of Samuel) 
forced goods on private people (abused their station by 
making people their mercantile agents or their customers); 
Tosef. Sot. XIV, 6; ib. 5; a. e. 

n M>D II m. husk, glume, v. 3>ba. 

"'fcOD m. ch. C^tl) helve of an axe. Y. Bets. II, 6F 
top, quot. in Hiddushe Me'iri, v. *^8. 

:|NvQ m. (b. h.; "js<b to tPWft, cmp. nab) messenger, 
esp. aw^e/. Gen. R. s. 50 '21 n©13> 1HK 13 I 1 * one angel 
never performs two missions. Snh. 96 a '31 "jaTTJ© 'a miK 
the name of the angel that came to Abraham was Night. 
Gen. E. s. 9 fi^n ^xba angel of life. Ib., a. fr. man 'a 
(abbrev. a"na) angel of death ; a. v. fr.— PL DTSKba. Ib. 
s. 50 '31 'a "0© Stbl nor do two angels go on one mission. 
Ib. 'a nia"i3 lb telli they appeared to him as angels. Ib. 
'a yxip ",mmb© 1©S©a after they have done their mission, 
the text calls them messengers. Y. R. Hash. I, 56 d bot. 
'31 lbs 'an ma© C]S the names of the angels, too, came 
(to Palestine) with them (the exiles) from Babylonia; 
Gen.R. s. 48.— mttJ(n) 'WVa (abbrev. ©"na,n"a) the min- 
istering angels. Sabb. 55 b n"a"i j«n the teacher who said 
(ib. top) that the angels asked the Lord &c. Ned. 20* "i 
<~t"a ib mo final four things did the ministering angels 
tell me; ib. b ",3a~i fT'a'jNa 'the ministering angels' means 
teachers; ©aa i"!"a ministering angels in the true sense. — 
Tosef. Sabb. XVII (XVIII), 3 pm "Saba messengers of 
hindrance, opp. to ©"na. — Y. Shebu. VI, 37* bot., a. fr. 
nban i3xba, v. nban.— Hag. 5 lj , a. fr. fiib©(n) "oxba the 
angels of peace ; a. v. fr. 

?jS>22, fcOfcOQ ch. same. Targ. Y. I Ex. IV, 25 ; a. 
fr— PI. N*3itba, "psxba, "cxba. Targ. Gen. X1X,1;— 
B. Bath. 7V 'SI jrp^O 'a •'"in w4i two angels in heaven, 
Michael and Gabriel, differ. Ib. '31 ni© 'a Xin he saw 
ministering angels sitting &c. Koh. R. to IX, 11 (ref. to 
Ps. LXVIII,13) '31 'an "(lmsba '^BN even the chiefs of the 
angels, Michael and Gabriel, were afraid of Moses. Taan. 
24 b , v. xnba;a. fr. 

njS^u, IijJS^d f. (b. h.; preced.) work, trade, vo- 
cation; task. Ab. 1,10 'an na 3inx love trade, opp. to 
HWl, office. Ned. 49 b , v. bins. Ber. 17 a "TOa TfiS(|a ^3N 
my work (study) is done in town, "31 m©a IPCXba KtTI 
and his, in the field &c, v. *n*. Ab. II, 14 ?|Pda6a bi>a 
thy employer (the Lord). Ib. 15 nana 'am TOp'.&Wl the 
day (life) is short, and the task great. Ab. d'R. N. ch. XI 
na©3 'a IS 1©51 (not n©?1) and they made him work on 
the Sabbath. Sabb. VII, 1 'a ax, v. 3.X ; a.— PL m'axba. 
Ib. 'SI na-in 'a n^S he did several (forbidden) labors 
on several successive Sabbaths. Ib. 2, v. ax: a. v. fr. 

n^jN Ju f. (b.h.; denom. of Tjfctba) messenger's func- 

tion, angeldom. Gen. R. s. 50; Yalk. ib. 84 'a l©ab they 
put on the appearance of angels. 

^V J M (°- h P r - n. m. Malachi, the prophet. Meg. 
15 a !WI8 m 'a M. means Mordecai, '31 'a la© SOp3 nabl 
and why is he called M. (minister)? Because he was vice- 
roy. Ib.iaiU'a the prophet's real name was M. Ib. m&rasa 
'a in the prophetic book of M. — Ex. R. s. 28; a. e. 

PDSba, v. nsNba. 

Sri^ J!2 f. ch.=h. ntoba, (the priestly gift from) the 
fruits laid in store. Targ. 0. Num. XVIH, 27 ed. Berl. 
(oth. ed. NntrtbajMs.I xmba, Iixn^ba; Y. Nmbai snan). 

tt"i' *■••:' t;:- j tt: - ' 

ID^JD m. (b. h. ©ab) dress, cover. Shek. V, 1 'an b'J, 
v. ©ab Sif.— Deut. R. s. 7, end i©>aba its dress (shell), v. 
ftfon. Sabb. ii3 a '31 -j©iabaa na© bttJ ^©iaba #n «b© 
that thy Sabbath dress be not the same as thy week- 
day dress. 

paba, v. -,aba. 

^T^'D, ^2ttl2 m. pi. (a corrupt, of mala pu- 
mica) pome-granates. ' Y. Sabb. VI, 8 a bot.; Y. Yeb. XII, 

i2 d top, v. -mis. 
N^lfe, v. amaba. 

T : •• : - t : •• : - 

tfaig, v. ©ab. 

"j?<P> T?<^ m.(b.h.; ",ab I, v.nsab) 1) press, frame, 
mould'. Sot. 1 l a (ref. to Ex. 1, 1 1) '31 'a WWl they brought 
a brick mould and suspended it from Pharaoh's neck; 
Ex. R. s. 1. Zeb. 54 a '31 EP©b© Kin© 'a a frame of thirty- 
two by thirty-two cubits (which was filled with stones, 
cement &c). Y. Sabb. XII, beg. 13 c '31 'a bi:i33 like taking 
a frame and putting it over the piled up bricks (which 
cannot be called building). Tosef. ib. XIII (XIV), 15 'a 
nana b© the frame (bottom) of a bedstead. Tosef. Erub. 
XI (VIII), 17 JtnbpBfi bus 'a a window frame. Tosef. B. 
Bath. II, 14 '31 mis IN 'a a window frame or the shape 
of a door; B. Bath. Ill, 6. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets.V,9 nmb'a 
'31 13ni3 a bedstead bottom intended to be moved from 
one bed to another, opp. intended for one particular 
bed. Tosef. Ohol. XIII, 5 [read:] '31 ©filba son© 'a, v. 
©ab. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. I, 8 bTWl -ifia b© 'a the frame 
of a large saw. Neg. XIII, 3 '31 *8an 'a a casing to pro- 
tect that portion of the beam which rests on the wall.— 
Gen. R. s. 38; Yalk. Prov. 961 (ref. to Prov. XXVH, 22) 
'aa .... Kin© nt3 like one undertaking to crush barley 
in a frame; a. fr. — PL d^saba, "piaba, niuaba, "fflba. Neg. 
1, c. B. Bath. 69* DTirB b© 'a door frames; ni3lbn b© .'a 
window frames; n-jan 13>13 b© 'a sockets for the legs 
of a bedstead. Kel. XVIII, 3 *fc ^a ">3aba stands for 
the musical instruments of the Levites ; Tosef. ib. B. 
Mets. V, 9 lib 'a ed. Zuck. (corr. ace); a. e. — 2) (from 
its shape) a small garden-bed, a plot (of three hand- 
breadths in width).— PL as ab. Peah III, 1. Ib.4 Dibxan'a 
"p^il "pa© plots of onions between vegetables. Ib. VH, 2 
'a 15© b© nil© "i, three rows at a distance of two mal- 




benim (six hand-breadths) from one another ; Tosef. ib. 
Ill, 10. Ter. IV, 8 '-ii (sub. $Qft) figs pressed in quad- 
rangular moulds, opp. E^blXP. 

S-^^2 ch. same, a quadrangular piece. B.Mets.ll6 b 
x _..- /„ a w j(j e pi ece f cemented bricks of a fallen wall 
(Ms. F. WJYFl x:"b a brick wider than the usual size, v. 
Bashi a. 1.). 

Sr.i.^"2, J — ^"2 f. (preced. wds.) quadrangular 
frame* Targ. Y. Num. XXXIII, 20 [prob. to be read:] 
"-:--! BttJ^bo (pi.) building moulds. 

sr wi~~, v. x-r". 

aTZ (cmp. Syr. ;bE, P. Sm. 2131) to pluck, to strip (of 
hair, feathers &c). Tosef. Bets. Ill, 19 '=1 rw T?^* 3 y° u 
may cleanse the head and legs of an animal (by scalding). 

■|3u ch. same, to pluck (cmp. Pesh. Deut. XXIII, 26). 
Gen. B. s. 45, beg. (expl. Xftoj "b~ ;-;" rx r.~ Ar. what- 
ever thou pluckest, is plucked ; (ed. J*? - ? Sfa x^-n n-3 
as you say, 'pluck, pluck'); Y. Yeb. VII, 8 a bot. nX"i IT33 
lAaa ;-b"3 - -X corr. ace). 

fijvZj m.(transpos. of -b'"?) pitch-fork; the cook's fork. 
Sabb. XVII, 2 (122 b ; Mish. a. Ms. M. SAtO); Y. ib. 16 b top 
ppb rbr rrb tan rx the kitchen fork to place food for 
a child upon it. Tosef. ib. X (XI), 7 ; SifraVayikra, Hobah, 
ch. IX, Par. 7, a. e., v. ";b. 

H > «, "2 f. (b. h.; iVa ni) word. Lev.E.s. 16 (prov.) 
3*:r3 KpWB sVoa '^ where a word is worth a Sela, 
silence is worth two; Meg. 18 a (v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 1). 
— PI. ••'", ■"■■ Cant. E. to IV, 4, v. 22p; a. e. — Ch. rite; 

t. xr--.] 

n'^C, Y. Naz. H, 51 d hot., v. iY'Vl. 

S"^^": , 2, v. x :r v ? . 

S*"-, tS**^ m. (b. h.; xbs) fulness, contents. Mikv. 
Ill, 1, sq.* TlSl Wfto WW tCFO IS until a quantity equal 
to its original contents and something besides have run 
off. Y. Succ. I, 5i d top 'ri nx/bES mnSDtt rrODDK an 
exedra which is (on one side) entirely open towards the 
public road. Ib. bot. "bT be "ixib'SE as far as the bucket 
is let down into the water (for filling it). Hull. II, 3 EX 
"a<""J xbo "f :CZ -~ if the slaughtering knife has the length 
of the width of the neck. Kidd. 33 a TVXC '"3 as far as his 
eye can reach. Sabb. 30 a , a. e. X"3": "33 as much as a hair's 
breadth. Sifre Num. 160 (expl. T "px, Num. XXXV, 17) 
T> '~2 as large as the grasp of the hand ; a. fr. — [Tosef. 
Ohol. XVII, 3 BWB "3. v. tWiobj 

&C~~,Sr2 ch.same. Targ.Y.Num.XXXV,17. Targ. 
0. Deut." XXX ITT, 16 (Y. J^b-3», v. X^bEH); a. e.— Ab. 
Zar. 29 a n*m - ix V/Ot\ "z as much as one can pinch with 
five fingers; '31 "3* . . . . rPSESX 'a as much as one can 
pinch with thumb and little finger; a. e. 

fcT T2, S" 5T0 m. same, full capacity. Gitt. 70 a SfWH? 

(Ar. nxib"2), v. Err 2. Ohol. XIV, 2 ix^SE; Tosef. ib. XIV. 7 
ix^b'ES the full extent of the hole which the carpenter's 
borer is capable of making, opp. XT':." ~z np'D X3"3, v. 
rr^p-:. Ib.4, a.e.— PJ. E-xr'r;, '" - (b. h.)[filling one's hands,'] 
investment, inauguration. Lev. E. s. 11, a. fr. " , "2" KF3HD 
'*3n the seven days of the inauguration of the priests (Lev. 
VUI). Y. Yoma I, 38 b bot. tt\ ITO '? of what nature were 
the sacrifices at the inauguration?; a. e. — Milluim, name 
of the first division of Sifra Sh'mini. 

X\J2i m. (5b/3, v. ibr) [plucking,] usufruct. — '? "^zS 
("033) a wife's estate of which the husband has the fruition 
without responsibility for loss or deterioration, con trad, 
to bl-r. 'pet, v. b\-z. Yeb. VII, 1; Tosef. ib. IX, 1. Keth. 
79 b '"3 ncTO a domestic animal belonging to the wife &c. 
— Gen. R. s. 45 '31 r,r~r, "3 rrz~ Hagar was a handmaid 
of Sarah whom Abraham had to support but could not 
sell; a. fr. 

2tf JTi*^ m. ch. (v.>b"2) a hairless skin, bag.— *~z~- 'l 
a bag containing documents. Keth. 85 a . B. Bath. 151 a . 

fcC2J5">!C rn2Jj"*I2 c. (jAaXa-jfjAa) any emollient, 
plaster, poultice. Sifra B'har ch. I (ref. to Lev. XXV, 6) 
'"3 ~:""3 PfflDSb xbl but not to use (the fruits of the Sab- 
batical year) for a poultice; Succ. 40 b ; B. Kam. 102 a . 
Tosef. Dem. I, 25 '"3 Hff99& iTEp flour to make poultices; 
a. fr.— Trnsf. a soothing remedy. Sabb. 119 b 'a.-'^Er. hot 
water after the exit of the Sabbath is soothing. Deut. 
E. s. 8 nzzb '"3 the Law is an emollient for every wound; 
Midr. Till, to Ps. XIX nbb '"3 soothing for the heart ; Yalk. 
Ps. 675 ; Lev. E. s. 12 WblE, Tb-2 (corr. ace.) 

nS2Ji1>!2 m. of M'loga (supposed to be a Baby- 
lonian place), '*3 XEp name of a particular Kab measure. 
Pes. 48 a '"3 XEp (Ar. a. Ms. M. 2 rtxrib:"? of Magla, v. 
Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 100). Ib. b "X:r,;-3 xnp (Ms. M. 2 a. 
oth. nx . . .). 

iT] Ju m. creditor, v. ills. 

HI "72 f. (nib) loan, debt. Keth. IX, 2 IX ynps "tb hhSTi 
'31 '? and left a trust or a loan in the hands of strangers. 
Ib. 84 a rorv^ rtXSliib '"3 a loan is made to be spent (opp. 
to trust). Kidd. 6 b , a. e. '31 '?Z I'-pST. if one betroths 
a woman to himself by remitting her indebtedness to him, 
she is not betrothed (there being no consideration offered 
to her at the time); '- rx:~Z offering as a consideration 
the benefit of the loan (by extension). Ib. 47 b ,a. fr. b" 'a 
!~!2 a verbal loan, "lE'i'E '"3 against a note. Ib. 46 a , a. e. 
iTBTSrl ' tz ,i'~p"3ii if one betroths a woman with remitt- 
ance of a loan and the offer of a P'rutah besides. — Bekh. 
48 a ; a. e. ri~ira fQt"!! '"3 an obligation arising from a 
Biblical law, e.g. the duty of redeeming the first-born ; a. fr. 

ISP"T y!Z f. ("^b) funeral escort, wailing ceremonies. 
Midr. T Til'l. to Ps. CIV, 26 (play on r.T p^lb, ib.) T3"0 ni 
'_ x~~ fB this (the reward of the hereafter) does him 
more good than that funeral service (with its eulogies, 
Koh.XII, 5; ed. Bub. X7" r: rx* 1- ~Z~J>; Yalk. Ps. 862 
'-r--b-3 rx - : yO "Z'z rr, (corr. ace). 




pib^, 'Q n n 3 pr. n. pi. PeM Milvan (prob.^b. h. 
Site rv\a," II Kings XII, 21 ; cinp. Kn%). Y. Meg. IV, 
75 c bot. 

NQft5Q, ftT2)*PT2 m. (a Babylonian corrupt, of 
v6|xi5[i.a, numisma) stamp of a coin. Ber. 53 b ■P3"'iB *na 
'31 'as ... 'a "pa when one can distinguish the stamp of 
a Tiberian coin from that of a Sepphorian coin. 

1T15H, pi. d^roVia, "(Vfipa, v. risa. 

Ml >Q m - ( D « n -> n ^) ° salt-plant, sea-purslane (Ha- 
lineus).— P/. B'W&gj "pn^a. Kidd. 66 a . Pesik. R. s. 15 fes 
'21 'a ?31!K . . . 18 whoever believes in him (the Messiah), 
is contented to live on salt-plants &c. 

!StTl?Q ch. same. PL "pnsfea. Targ. Zeph. II, 9 (h. 
text SHIP). 


*raiBibn, v. *«**&•«. 

t : : t : 

^12, v. "too. 

£>i "'P/U f. Oba) 2>/rtcc /or drawing water, well. Lev. 
R. s. 21S012J3T "inrniba ?S rT*b av^l sat down by the place 
where the women draw water; Pesik. Ahare, p. 176 1 '; 
Yalk. Lev. 571 "jinrfca; (Keth. 62 b KTTWl VtVQSH). 

^r"ib!G, v. aniiiba. 

^^j (b. h.) pr. n. m. Malluch, an Amora. Hull. 49 a 
'31 nMI" 'a you quote M. the Arabian, but he said &c. 
lb. 'a '-n iT-inx the home of R. M. (in Arabia). Y. Succ. 
Ill, beg. 53 c . Y. B. Bath. 16 a top; a. fr. 

fcoiba, v. r*u; 

T T t • : 

fO^DS f. (b. h.; T^jz) rulership, office. Midr. Prov. 
ch. XXI '31 'a? iiVo T'13 when a human being rises to 
rulership, he is in the hands of the Lord ; Yalk. ib. 959. 
Sabb. 56 b 'an pi» lp?n*< shall divide the rulership between 
themselves. Num. R. s. 3 'a i?3>a rulers; a. e. 

v. sub 'k>**a. 


m. (b. h. ; yfc I) lodging. Snh. 95 b TTSb . . . p*f* 
ijipa this righteous man (Jacob) has come to my lodg- 
ing place ; Hull. 91 b , v. nvb. Midr. Prov. ch. IX saasu; 
'31 aid 'a "|? a beautiful lodging has been offered thee 
in the hour of thy death ; a. fr. 


VHjU m. (25«ft) kneading trough. Y. Gitt. VIII, 49 b bot. 

M.272 (b. h.; denom. of nVa) to salt, brine; esp. (in 
ritual law) to streio salt on raw meat to resorb its blood. 
Midd.V,3 '3iniT© ffrfcia vr\ they put salt on the hides of 
sacrifices.— Hull. 11 3 a '31 rttJi hm inbia 3"X NtX unless one 
salts it carefully and washes it thoroughly. Ib. n;iai n"Ha 
'31 one must first wash the meat, then salt it and again 

wash it. B. Bath. 74 b '21 ffipTsb Wufcoi and preserved 
it in salt for the benefit of the righteous &c. Hull. 1. c. 
'21 irftattJ "flrTES 5T a clean fish which was salted together 
with an unclean one; a. fr. — Part. pass. ni5a (v. rnba) ; 
pi. B^rilpa, 'pni-a. Ib. 'a an^m both were salted, opp. ?SP. 
Yalk. Ps. 887 'a salty secretions.— Y. Taan. IV, 69 b top 
'a i^a various kinds of salted food. Y. Sabb. I, 3 C bot. 
"ivT^^ brines prepared by gentiles ; a. fr. 

Hof. nsain, nban to be streivn ivith salt. Sifra Vayikra, 
N'dab., Par. 9, ch. XI nrfsain X?U5 no salt had been put 
on it. 

Pu. n^a same. Part, h^iaa salted, trnsf. bright. Kidd. 
29 b 'aai TIT 133 nVl OK (Var. KPiaal) if his son is eager 
to learn and bright; [our w. missing in Tosef. Bekh. 
VI, 10). 

n^Cl ch. same. Targ. Lev. II, 13. Targ.Y. Gen.XXXI, 
19. — Sabb. 75 b '31 SOira 'an ',Na i&tn he who salts raw 
meat (on the Sabbath) &c. Hull. 113 a Ka-ia xa-0 rnV 'a 
salted each piece separately. B. Bath. 74 b nap:; nnpa" 1 '- 
let him preserve in salt the female (Behemoth); a. fr. — 
Part. pass, rr^a, aniVa, pi. irrv?a. lb. i?»a 'a btiisj fish 
in salt is good ; '31 'a Wlttffl meat in salt is not. — Ib. "nS"^ 
'a fowls in salt ; a. fr.— V. Kn^a. 

Ithpe. nsanx, nsKPX to be strewn icith salt, be salted. 
Targ. Ez. XVI, 4.— Hull. 112 b . Ib. 97 b '31 in^a-'X were 
(ritually) salted., with the nervus ischiadicus left there- 
in; a. fr. 

TOJ2 II, Pa. n^C (denom. of n|a) to row; to bal- 
ance. Keth. 85 a "Wia n!baa (not rta^a) rowed the boat 
(as an act of possession). B. Kam. 117 b WWU in rt*& 'a 
(Alf.) one of them tried to keep the boat in balance (against 
the ass that threatened to upset it); [ed. &nan? rT^s 'a 
(Var. StVa, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 90) he tried to counter- 
balance the ass]. 

l"DS c. (b. h.; cmp. ??a) [brittle,] salt. Ker. 6 a ; B. 
Bath. 20 b n"»ano 'a (sub. p«) sea-salt, v. n^p-hnpx. 
Hull. 112 a in>a nana P3JO is eaten on account of (with) 
the salt it has absorbed. Keth. 66 b (prov.) ion "jiaa 'a 
"idn -"SO the salt (means of preservation) of wealth is its 
diminution (by charitable deeds), and some say hesed 
(benevolence). Gen. R. s. 51 'aa nxsn she (Lot's Avife) 
sinned through salt ; 'a 'a i? "un . . To -in she went to all her 
neighbors and said, give me salt for we have guests; a. fr. 

nba,nba, ^tlba, 4 X1 ch. same. Targ.Lev.II,13 
nVa constr. ed. Berl. ( Var. 'a, 'a, v. Berl. Targ. 0. H, p. 32 ; Y. 
'a). Targ.IIChr.XHI,5. Targ.Y. Gen. XIX, 26 (v. Gen. R.s. 
51 quot.inpreced.);— Kidd.62 a ; Hull. 113 a ,v. Nr-;V;r.. 
Bekh. 8 b '31 "no ^3 'a when salt becomes unsavory, where- 
with do they salt it? B. Bath. 74 b i?3>a nnba (differ, vers, 
in Ms. M., v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) as to the female (Be- 
hemoth), its brine is more savory. Yeb. 63 a ,v. n^snll; 
a. fr.— PI. t6a, 'T2. Pes. 8 s 'a 13 salt-store. Ab. Zar. 33 a 
bxmr^n 'a W xnan NnuJ poured wine into a Jew's salt- 
store (Rashi : a vessel filled with salt). 

l>/2 m. (b. h.; cmp. meaning of aX; a. n;a) mariner, 
sailor. Koh. H. to IX, 8. 

«nh: 789 

N1T9E ch. 1) same.— PI. T&3. Gitt. 73 a , v. 15X11. 
Taan. 24 b '=1 '33 "raT'X"' "<3X3a iXTH (differ, vers, in Ms. 
M.; v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) I saw angels disguised as 
boatmen who brought sand and loaded the ships. — 
2) dealer in sailors' outfits. Y. B. Mets. IV, end, 9 d , v. 


XI""!"-, v. r'33 ch. 

t : • " '■' 

S7i"», '« y^^r P r - "• P 1 - Tower °f Matte' near 
Caesara'ea (v. Hildesh. Beitr. p. 9). Y. Dem. II, 22 c . 

S"*ijT2, S r r^" , 2 pr. n. pi. Milhaya, native place of 
R. Jose, prob. in Galilee (v. Hildesh. Beitr. p. 9; Neub. 
Geogr. p. 269). Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41' top. Gen. R. s. 42. Lev. 
R. s. 26. Lam. R. to 1, 9 ; Yalk. Is. 302 "322 qWP (corr. ace). 

H^H* r f. (b. h.; drib II) war, contest. Sot. VIII, 1, "2 mm chaplain of the army (Deut.XX,2), v.lTJal. 
lb. 7 r-'l"~- nt o n Vu (Bab. ed. 44 b , pi.) secular (political) 
warfare; "":£*: '2 a war for religious causes; '21 FCT "a 
a war of duty. lb. 44 b '31 WBnj"P T3 the war of conquest 
under Joshua, all agree, is a war of duty &c. — Meg. 15 b 
imp bttJ WRtUTVo disputes about the Law; a. fr. — PZ. 
r'tr'z-z. Sot. 1. c. finvnb TH nfQ n'anba the wars of the 
house of David for extending the dominion. M. Kat. 25 b 
(in a eulogy) '- "S3 1 ar" . . . rt5 an offspring of worthies 
came up from Babylonia and with him came the book 
of wars (allegorically for knowledge of the Law; oth. 
interpret. R. Hamnuna who came with Rabbah). Snh. 
97 a '2 rrrm'a in the seventh Messianic year there will 
be wars; a. fr. 

T'TiZ^Z f. (r-32) saline atmosphere, corrosion produced 
by saline influences. Ohol. Ill, 7 '2 VtbdKV . . ."Wl a cave 
formed through saline corrosion. 

N"""""™!"""^! f. ch. (preced.) salt deposit in a cavity in 
which sea-water was allowed to evaporate. Sabb. 66. 
lb. 73 b , v. r:z I. 

— ~ - (b. h.) [to stand forth,prqject (cmp. 232),] to escape. 
Pi. oVo to rescue. Midr. Till, to Ps. XLI fi3n QT2 

~2'r?^ on the day of evil I shall save thee. Taan. 23 a 
"ztrz "rait-a thou hast saved it(the generation) through 
thy prayer. Yalk. Ps. 777 '=■ nobOQ ':="- Michael helped 
David to escape from within and Jonathan from with- 
out ; a. e. 

Nif. 25a: to be saved, to escape. Esth. R.introd. 1TX1 t"!3 
£"3335?- Noah is the first of those saved (mentioned in 
the Bible). Koh. R. to IX, 15 '; 213 "isi? 90*0X1 £o who- 
soever listens to the suggestions of his good inclination 
will be saved; a. e. 

Hithpa. 223rn same. Yalk. Deut. 854 I'-sr^r- DPXi 
/ 21 and you will be saved from the judgment of &c. 

— >"2 ch. same. Ithpe. 3-33-x to be saved. Targ. Prov. 
xix, 5 trtore (ed. Wil. awo- Ms. arsst-a). 

11 "*£ m. (b. h.), pi. "paba, v. aaba. 

D^OI^D, v. x^'aibr;. 

fcTDTDbDi v. *>*tob. 

i — ^.») v. next w. 

«>Lm. (denom. of 332, fr. 2*'; or 223 fo wrap, cover; 
cmp. Syr. aba P. Sm. 2136) frame or casing around the 
beam-rest in the wall (corresp. to *|23a). — PI. paaba. B. 
Kam. 67 a (expl. P153X, Ez. XLI, 26) 'a (Ms. M. pOiaba; 

Ms. h. TO tnVta , Ms. R. paba), v. xaba'ri. 

^r'^^G f. (23a; cmp. xr-2"^2) crumbling, corro- 
sion. Targ. Prov. XII, 4. lb. XIV, 30 xr"23a (Var. ed. 
Lag. MfrtCO, cler. error). Targ. I Chr. XIY, 1. 

xmbo, wnsribn, v. x^-a-v- a. *$&. 

, * I '3/D to speaZr, v. 332 II. 

n >C, &*>"C ch. = h. X33, 1) fo 6e /W/. Targ. Josh. 
Ill, 15; a. fr.;* v. next art. Ab. Zar. 28 a JtnVn =133 xb"J, 
v. XtnVW; a. e.— 2) fo fill. Targ. Gen. I, 22. Targ. Deut. 
VI, 11 (0. ed. Vienna '!sa Pa.); a. fr.— Part. -32; f. X^r3; 
pi. "(ba; xrs-32, N---32. lb. 0. XXIX, 10. Targ. Josh. 
IX, 2Y(ed.Vii. -,3*?). Targ. Gen. XXTV, 11; a. fr. 

Pa. ^sa 1) to fill. Targ. Jer. XIII, 13; a. fr.— Lev.R. s.21 
-prfjip ^"r? fill thy vessel; Pesik. Ahare, p. 176 b ; Yalk. Lev. 
571 T32 (read: ""X^a); Keth. 62 b "4o. Ab. Zar. 29 a rT^IsaT 
BPO and fill it with water. Taan. 29 a ; Shebu. 10 a ; Pes. 77 a 
n^lsa "^Isa . . . lian they made the Tammuz of that year 
a full month (of thirty days); a. e. — 2) to complement, 
compensate, replace. Targ. 0. Gen. II, 21 "-ban ed. Berl. 
(ed. Amst. 'a\ corr. ace.).— B. Mets. 105 a n^lrai ma he 
took pains to make up for the loss. lb. 'SI i"Pr*"~2" rr~2 
Ms. M. (ed. nvip'sa?) thou didst take pains to make up &c. ; 
a . e .— [3) X23 37 '2 to comfort. Targ. O. Gen. XXXIV, 3 
ed. Berl. (v. Berl. Mass., p. 27); v., however, Kidd. 50 a , 
quot. s. v. 33a II.] 

Ithpe. "barx to be filled, full. Targ. Gen. VI, 13. Targ. 
Ex. XL, 34 '31 If 'X (filled); a. fr. 

n 5"2, Y.Hall. I, 57 d n*3Xa "■ba, v.nbx^ba— Yalk. Is. 302 
"322 CjOl" 1 , V. X-"3 -. 

n bl2 m., S^bn, Wfy2 I c. ch.= h. X32, full. Targ. 
Deut. XXXni, 23 (Var^-V?, "32, -33). Targ. Ruth I, 21 ; 
a. fr. — Erub. 84 a X""3a "O when the pit is full of water; 
a. fr. — PI. fm, F&O. Targ. Deut. VI, 11 ; a. fr. — [Targ. 
0. Deut. XXm, 26 "^bal ed. Berl. those ears which are 

full (ripe; oth. ed. "'^sa).] 
S"] TiZ, ^"'^0 II m. (preced.) fulness. Pesik. Hahod., 
p. 53 a ("ref. to Ps'.LXXXIX, 38) 'a 3" Xl!T^ fnTD like the 
moon growing to fulness. lb.; Yalk. Ex. 190 X1FP0 XM 
'a br this (Solomon's reign) is the full moon; Yalk. Chr. 
1082; (Pesik. R. s. 15 nrx'pa).— Constr. "A? (= h. kVq) 
the fill of, as much as. Targ. Ex. IX, 8. Targ. Ps. XCVI, 
11; a. fr.— Meg. 16 a msaip 'a a handful.— V. X"32. 

n^"' 1 ^, <^^5^ f - (°- h -) l) Ml, ^ xba.— 2) fulness, 
full growth. Pesik. Hahod., p. 53 a (ref. to Ps. LXXXES, 
38, v. preced.) nrX'oab . . . DrPST OX if you will do good, 





you shall count (your historical records) by the nation's 
growth to fulness, opp. &3.B decrease; Pesik. B. s. 15, a. e., 
v. preced. Gen. B. s. 12 TrW^J hv . . . lMflM those things 
had been created in perfect condition. lb. s. 14 finN^a v9, 
irsrba ;S fully developed. Num. E. s. 12; a. e. — Gitt. 
70* Ar'., v. vAn. — 8) {the priestly gifts from) the ripe or 
stored fruits. Tem. 4 a (ref. to Ex. XXII, 28) 6TWa *% 
m'leah means the first fruits ;Mekh. Mishp.s. 19t)"ni3'D &M 
"ana "pr-sn that means the first fruits which are taken 
from the fulness (the stored fruits). !b»..|''<V^W»f Ufflttt 
"at first fruits which go by four names, reshith . . . and 
m'leah; Yalk. Ex. 351. 

■parbn, p^bn, read: rmY* 

SsPS'vp f. pi. ivomen drawing icater, v. ''ba. 

n5W5Q m. (fxeXtYaXa, 8.) Aoney- and milk-cake. 
Y. Hall. I, 57 dS , v. )\Ott. 

SiTfi' 1 I'D f, 0>a) filling, replacing, v. i>a Pa. 

lTOD m.(nba) \)preservedin salt, pickled. Hull.ll3 a 
'a (1U?n) salted meat, opp. ban. lb. 97 h , a. fr. finro . . .'a 
what is preserved in salt, is ritually to be considered as 
if boiled or roasted; a. fr.— [PL, v. nba.]— 2) safted reZis/i, 
dessert Ber. VI, 7. lb. 44 a '31 'a rfi f&W? fW5 b3 Ms. 
M. (ed. nba, corr. ace; v. Eabb. D. 8. a. 1. note) a meal 
without salted preserves is no meal. 

SilvQ ch. same, v. nba I. 

t • : 

a^bn, v. **». 

t : - * » - 

Sri"'*; vD, v. anxba.— an^a, v. ^ba. 

TfbU, "bp, v. r ( ba a. $B ch. 

£C\P m. (T(ba) counsellor. Targ. II Sam. XV, 12 (ed. 
Lag. Sbn&a ; Levita toba). 

O T T / T T -' 

sb n ba, v. a^a. 

Sb n b?2 f. ch. =next w.— PI. ^ba. Targ. 0. Deut. 
XXIII, 26' (ed. Berl. f^tel, v. ^ba). 

T\j^Jl2 f. (b. h.; bbal) ripe ear, esp. parched ear.— 
PI. ni'^Sa! Maasr. IV, 5 'a bblan he who rubs parched 
ears; Tosef. Bets. I, 20. Tosef. Ter. Ill, 18 ..•pbsittJ O"03n 
"o *,nrayb ... if one brought ears to his house with the 
intention of parching them.— Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d , v.b"W. 
Pesik. E. s. 43, a. e., v. na£; a. fr. 

SO" 1 >Q m. (P'ales noun of "too, cmp. awfcia) [water- 
pot (cmp. oopia),] a cooking vessel. Targ. I Sam. II, 14 (ed. 
Lag. KOlpa, Var. K&iBb'W; h. text TV*). Targ. Y. Num. 
XI, 8 XObia Levita (ed- 6W6Kb, KT»b; h. text 111S).— 
PZ. SOOlba, 'b-*a. Targ. II Chr. XXXV, 13 (h. text nmbs). 

^"^p, *|9p m. (= C]bxa; t]bl*) feaeAer. Targ. I Sam. 
XIX, 20. Targ. Ez. Ill, 17.— PJ. "psfea. Targ. Jer. VI, 17. 
Targ. Is. L, 4 ; a. e. 

f^a, v. ?* 

n^^D f. (b.h.; *pb) 1) speech, argument, defence; (in 
an evil sense) sneer, scorn. Midr. Prov. to I, 6 IflfWl 11 'a 
'31 m'litsah (ib.) means the Law proper &c, rx*p3 nabl 
'51 P$ia fconu; ni^ba nam and why is it called m.? Be- 
cause it saves those engaged in it from the judgment of 
Gehenna; '31 ysibraUJ "'a tottJ 'a n^'J Hftnpl nab why 
is it called mHitsah (scoff-producing)? Because whoever 
desires to scoff, will be amply supplied with scoffing. — 
2) metaphor. Cant. E. to I, 1 'a . . biua. . aipa onb UP they 
find confirmation in plain Biblical prose, in proverbs, and 
in metaphors. 

np^^P f. (pba) pinching a bird's head. Sifra Vayikra, 
N'dab', ch. VIIl/ Par. 7 ; Zeb. 65* IjHB nb 3>Dpia 'a the 
pinching, for which function the Text appoints a priest; 
a. fr. 

TiWbl2, Tosef. Neg. IV, 10 ed. Zuck. 'an (oth. ed. 
'V agi ), read with E. S. to Neg. X, 10 ni^bpn. 

SrP yQ f. 0>a) filling up, complement. B. Bath. 104 b 
top [read :] '31 nsium 'ab KIVii WS "W (v. Eabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 40) and if there is a surplus, it must go to make 
up the nine kab. 

fcCnbd, NrT^p/ip, ($rhu) f. (pr eced.) l)mounJ, 

rampart TargTlI Sam. V, 9; Targ. I Kings IX, 24 (ed. 
Lag. '"'a; h.text Bf&Q). Targ. II Sam. XX, 15 (h. text nbbo); 
a> q.—PI. xr^ba, '^a. Targ. Jer. XXXII, 24.-2) stuffing. 
Pes. 74 a , v. KW*£w. 

* t : : 

•T >p (= ^b na) what is it to thee?; of no practical 
valueJs&bb. i50 a sq. "pa na btai 'a b© nisinirn (Ms.M. na 

"lb, v. Eabb. D. 8. a. 1. note) accounts of 'what is it to 
thee?' and of 'what is in it?', i. e. for no practical pur- 
pose. [Oth. opin., v. Ar.] 

H-2Q (b. h.) [to lead in council,] to preside; to officiate; 
to be ruler. B. Bath. 164 b QiniU lb "p3ia nsitt 'a when he has 
been in office one year, they date (in documents) 'the 
second year'. Meg. ll a (ref. to ^ban, Esth. I, 1) VOSSa 'a 
started a dynasty with himself (had no claims of succes- 
sion). Ib. woa isba, v. net?. Zeb. ii8 b 'arc n:u nmrs 
'31 ten years during which Samuel ruled alone, 'aU3 nDlXJI 
'31 VlKttJ and one year during Avhich Saul and Samuel 
ruled conjointly; Tem. 15 a ; a. fr. 

Nif. r^a; [to be led,] 1) to take council, to ask advice 
or permission. Ber. 3 b ",i-nn:03 fO^ffl they ask the San- 
hedrin for their confirmation. Ib.4 a n^3"'Baa'3 "0» ...n^ P3 
'D"\ in whatever I undertake, I consult the opinion of M., 
my teacher. Ib. 29 b NSI "plpa ~l=an . . . nnxt'31 and when 
thou art about to go on a journey, take council of thy 
Maker (pray) and go out. B. Mete. H^-pa^-pX the scribe 
must ask for authorization (to insert in the contract) ; 
a. fr. — 2) [to take council with one's self,] to reconsider, 
change one's mind. Gitt. Ill, 1. Dem. Ill, 2 '31 . . . nplbn 
TWinb if one buys vegetables .... and then decides to 
return (the goods). Ib. 3 snaxtf) '31 '^31^ ^133 if he took 




them up to eat thein and changed his mind (deciding) 
to keep them ; a. fr. 

Hif. ""':"" to appoint or elect for rulership, to ac- 
knowledge the authority of. Snh. 64 a Zt r bi inW'bartt!), v. 
-'-•-. Y.Ned. IX, beg.41 b (ref.toPs.LXXXI, 10)-p-ipatt IT 
-'"' '"''"2^ bx allow not the tyrant within thee (the 
evil inclination) to rule over thee. Ab. Zar. 18 a IT rv;"X 
~'Z'~'Z~ DWDtl "3 this (Roman) nation has been given 
the rulership by divine decree. R. Hash. 16 a "^Bb TVOHt 
3"r" ■;■:"':"'; r'~zyz .... recite before me verses of 
homage (v. rflaba), in order that you may declare me your 
ruler ; a. fr. 

"^, "^ ch. same, 1) to rule. Targ. Gen. XXXVII, 
8; a. fr!— Part.'rpba. Targ. Jer. XXXIII, 21 (ed.Wfl.'^O, 
corr.acc); a. fr.— Ab. Zar. 10 a *3l ife^T* XTSa I desire that 
my son Severus be king after me; ib. T|iba^*r. — Ber. 64* 
M21 '3 Rabbah officiated (as teacher and judge); a. fr. — 
2) (mostly "pVo) to decide. Targ. Is. XIV, 27. Ib. XXIII, 8 
(ed. Ven. Tpba). Ib. 9 F3bpa ed. Lag. (some ed. X3ba, read : 
roba); a. fr.— Part. pass, rfira, Ib. XIV, 26; a. e— 3) to 
advise. Targ. II Sam. XVII, 7. Targ. I Kings I, 12; a. fr. 

Pa. T|"*a 1) to advise. Targ. Job XXVI, 3.-2) to de- 
cide, v. supra. 

Af. Tpbax 1) =preced. Hif. Targ. I Kings 111,7; a. fr — 
2) to counsel, persuade. Targ. Josh. XV, 18. Targ.Y.Deut. 
XXX, 6; a. e.— [Targ. Prov.VIII,15 pabaa ed. Lag. rule 
(oth. ed. pcba).] 

Ithpa. "barx, Ithpe. Tpbarx, TpbEPX, 'ax = preced. 
Xif.—T&rg. Is. XXXII, 7; a. fr.— B. Bath. 4» "pan TTQ 
pDpono do people ask for advice (or permission) after 
they have acted? Ber. 27 b '=" >Pbflftft consult my family. 
Ib. -: 'ax- b"X he went and consulted his wife. Ned. 
54 a '21 ' Btii M ji xr,-Vr |'» IS'I xrb-3 53 any change of order 
for which the messenger has to ask special authorization, 
is heterogeneous (to the object of the original commis- 
sion) ; '31 nbr rfV» yb y qn xrb"3 53 a change for which 
the messenger asks for instructions is homogeneous. Sot. 
43 b fib" 'a" 1 !* "'X if he reconsiders his original disposal; 
a. fr. 

:| JU m. (b. h.; preced.) leader in council, chief, king. 
Ber. 3 b ' 'an -::nx our lord the king! Tosef. Snh. VIII, 5, 
r. fr. C-oban *Am 'a the Most Supreme King (the Lord). 
Ib. IX, 8 C"b" b» '-2 '-SX even a king of kings (great 
sovereign). Snh. 38 a , a. fr. T'ia 'a (v. ~C3) a human chief. 
Ab. Zar. 10* 'a p 'a "pTWb pX they (the Romans) do 
not allow the son of a king to succeed his father. Kerith. 
5 b - ( .£jo 'i2 a first king, starter of a dynasty. Shebu. 6 b 
m br "isVtt this hyparch's chief. Num. R. s. 18 '31 'a rrra 
Moses has made himself the chief, and Aaron is high 
priest &c; a. v. fr. — Pi B*353. Hor. 12 a rx pr:r"3 TS'Z 
'31 'an how are kings anointed? By drawing with the 
oil the outlines of a crown; Ker. 5 b . Ib. TH FP3 "353 the 
kings of the house of David (southern kingdom); bxi'lT'a 
the kings of tte northern kingdom; a. v. fr. — 'a na Prin- 
cess, name of a demon afflicting the eye, also a certain 
disorder of Pit- . .. ra I. Sabb. 109» (Var. Iplin K3, 
v. Rabb.D.8. a. 1. note).— P/.-ba moa. Tosef. B.Kam. IX, 

27 'a naa Tits' 1 the 'princesses' (humors of the eye) es- 
caped (in consequence of a blow). 

"2, ?P5^i fcC"~ ch. same. Targ. Ps. XXIV, 7; 9. 
Targ! Ex. I, 8;' a. fi\ — Snh. 110 a 'a IWl tHfe he (Moses) 
himself is chief. Y. Yeb. XVI, 15 c , v. O^ptTX. Y. Ter. 
VIII, 46 b bot. 'a tOSTVH he (Dioclet) became king; a. fr.— 
PI. -faba, X*3ba, l&d. Targ. Gen. XVII, 6. Ib. XIV, 5. 
Targ. Prov.vill, 15 ; a. fr.— Gitt. 62 a 'a ftfyt xabtf (to 
scholars) peace be with you, chiefs! — Shebu. 6 b 'a *Hh 
'31 two kings and two viceroys (hyparchs); a. fr. 

n*^2, "73, iSm/yiZf "72 m. (preced. wds.) counsel, ad- 
vice. Targ. Is. IIL 3. Targ. Y. Deut. VIII, 18 (O. itSS; h. 
text !j2); a. fr. — PI. ftfyi X;?^a, *tf. Targ. Is. XXV, 1. 
Targ. Job XII, 17 (not 'a). Targ. Hos. X, 6; a. e. 

&02D, v. Rtffa. 

FT- t • : 


Pi3>?2 f. (b. h.; T|ba) queen, king's wife. B.Bath.l5 b 
'zi X3"a raba laixrt ba whoever says malkath Sheba 
(I Kings X, 1) means a woman is mistaken; means 
the kingdom (rcba) f Sheba. Sabb. 119 a 'an natt the 
queen Sabbath; a. fr. 

^yyS f. (Tjba) consultation. Gen. R. s. 8; Yalk. ib. 13 
(ref. to Gen. I, 26) 'a X3H fpb this does not mean holding 
council (with the ministering angels). 

^DslZ, v. xr.ttba. 

: - t : - 

fVD^S f. (b. h.; Tjba) l) kingdom, government ; office. 
Ab. Ill, 5 'a bt? the yoke of (secular) government (burden 
of office). Ber. 13 b a. fr. tfitStt 'a W the yoke of (sub- 
mission to) divine government. Gitt. VIII, 5, v. ",i«*i"l. Ber. 

48 b , a. e. '3i rwra 'a -px, v. -en. Sot. n b (ref. to era, 

Ex. I, 21) 'a TQ dynasties.— 'aa Tia to rebel against the 
government, to commit treason. Snh.49 a ; a. fir. — rtstfrjtt 'a 
the wicked government (Rome). Ber. 61 b Ms. M. a. early 
ed. (later ed. fP); a. fr. — 'ab anp connected with the 
court (influential). B. Kam. 83 a . Gitt. 14 b ; a. fr. — PI. 

ni'sba. Gen. R. s. 44 '31 'ai arma rwa^x the Lord 

showed him (Abraham) four things: future punishment, 
(persecution by foreign) governments &c. ; Mekh. Yithro, 
s. 9 '31 'a 3?3"1X the four empires which were destined to 
subject his descendants. Ber. 34 b , a. e. X5X . . . "pa px 
-aba 'a Tiasia there will be no difference (in the conditions 
of life) between the present and the Messianic days ex- 
cept (the delivery from) the oppression of governments ; 
a. fr. — 2) (in liturgy) a benediction invoking God as king 
(obirn -53 tnrfa). Ib. 12 a '31 'a na fWtJ Mara b3 a ben- 
ediction in which the word 'king' does not occur, is no 
benediction.— PL n fraVa the references to the divine king- 
dom in the Musaf of the New Tear's Dag, the section 
called Malkhiyoth. R. Hash. IV, 5. Ib. 6 'a tCW» the re- 
citation of ten Biblical verses referring to the divine 
government. Ib. (32 b ) '31 'a ni31l3t Ms. M. (ed. sing.), v. 
p-x:. Y. ib. Ill, 58 d ; a. e. 

fcCl'D^Jf ^0^2 f. same, kingdom, rulership. Targ. 
Ob. 21. Targ. Jud. IX, 9 ; a. fr.— B. Kam. 113 a , v. xr-. 





Ber. 58 a X3np*i"i "0 pS3 fct?1&H 'a royal majesty on earth 
is similar to that of heaven. Ab. Zar. 10 b 'an ^UJn the 
notables of the (Roman) empire. Tam. 32 a '31 13ba W* 
let him shun government and governor ; '31 'a nn"P let 
him be a friend of government and ruler and (use his 
influence to) do good to mankind. Pes. 113 a W^nsoba 
'31 "mriN their rulersiiip dwells behind their ears, i. e. 
they may rise to power at some future time. Ab. Zar. 2 ' 
'31 12 Winte^a "08J8 (or ' isba, pi.) they will continue 
in power until the Messiah comes ; a. fr.— PL "jlsba, xni3?a, 
'lisba. Targ. Gen. XXV, 23. Targ. Deut. Ill, 21 ; a. fr. 

*"05Z2> fct"05l2 c. (~ba, cmp. oV») deliberation, 
vacillation. Pesi'k.R. s. 15 -pb i3ba son piDB cut (end) 
this deliberation of thy heart (decide); Pesik. Habod. p. 
43 a "jab ",a irfao (read: N'oV'a, and insert plOS); Yalk. 
Gen. 77 -;aba iaV» "pin SBp (read with Matt. K. to Gen. 
s. 44: SOsba); Gen. R. s. 44 TB )V X^Jdia pin pop (ed. 
Wil. Bte^tD; Ar. s. v. SJDp: X^-JS in); Midr. Till, to Ps. 
XL, end VtAna K"ffl (ed. Bub. anb^a); Yalk. Ps. 737 -pin 
ISOlba (corr. ace). [8CWIO, seems to be a corrupt, of [xe- 
tdvoia in the sense of change of mind, the Greek equiv- 
alent of our w.] 

S"052 f. (jiaXaxia, malacia) want of appetite, nausea. 
Deut. B.' s. 6 ininstn 'a nbsil) (not nniaob) whose sister 
was suffering from malacia. 

&tJ??J2i lT$bD (b. h.) pr. n. m., 'a 31 Bab Malkia, 
an Amora. Sabb. 46 a ; a. e., v. next w. 

TD^S pr. n. m. M'lakhiu, 1) father of R. Kahaua. 
Erub.'8 b .— 2) 'a 31 Rab M., an Amora. Keth. 61 b ; Mace. 
21 a ; Nidd. 52 b . '31 *1 lax 'a "l lax Rab M. reports in 
the name of R. Ada &c. ; Bets. 28 b Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. 
S. a. 1. note). lb. (mnemonical rules by which to distin- 
guish between the subjects reported by R. Malkia and 
those by R. M'lakhiu); ib. Nnsba *,mina -pa^DI and the 
mnemotechnical mark is : the Mishnah is queen, i. e. all 
opinions referring to Mishnah (and Boraitha) belong to 
Rab Malkiya (God is King). 

SjD>I2, "C m. (?}ba) counsel, wisdom. Targ. Prov. 
VIII, T 14.'lb. XXIV, 6 (ed.Lag. SOsbia); a.e.— V. N53bia. 

^CObO f. ch.=h. nsba. Targ. I Kings XI, 19 ; a. fr.— 
Ker. 28 b ;*Pes. 57 a ;— PL *,3ba, VayK&O. Targ. I Kings 
XI, 3. Targ. II Esth. V, 1. 

IXTOJC, 'b^U f.«=60^a, counsel. Targ. Ps. XXXIII, 
11. Ib. I,'l; a.e.— PL Kfl g W , *W. Ib. V, 11 ; a. e. 

SrflDrDvQ, J^12 f. (preced.) consultation, meeting 
of councilm'en. Targ. Prov. XI, 14. 

~~E m. (denom. of Via) border, hem. Kel. XXVIII, 7; 

Sabb. 29 a 'an "JO yvn bs> UJbll) the measure of three 

square handbreadths of which the Rabbis speak, means 
exclusive of tbe portion used for hemming. M. Kat. 
26 b 'an "TO .... silpn he who rends his garment only 

as far as tbe hem goes; Y. ib. Ill, 83 b top 'an *,a. — 
Denom. : 

5701 to hem, edge. M. Kat. 26 a ibbiaib . . . 'pfttirn -pi=i 
and all these i - ents may be mended by... hemming. Kil. 
IX, 9 '31 IS bbia he hems (the purple band) before he 
knots it. 

5 JJ2i II (b. h.) 1) to crush, squeeze, esp. to rub ears 
for husking the grain. Taan.6 a bam "CI, v. dipba. Maasr. 
IV, 5, v. nb">ba. Bets. 13 a mb">ba3 "|bbiab with the intention 
of husking them when parched. Tosef. Sabb. XVI (XVII), 
22 ; Sabb. 12 a bbia he rubs it between two fingers ; a. fr. — 
Part. pass. Vlba. Tosef. ib. XIV (XV), 17 'an ns pbbia 
you may husk that which needs husking. — 2) to stir a 
mush, make apulp. Pes. 40 1 ' biba"^ n^inni . . . pbbis px 
'31 you must not stir a dish (in the usual way) on Pass- 
over, but he who desires to make a mush, must put in the 
flour and then add vinegar.— Part. pass, as ab. Tosef . Maasr. 
I, 7 biban *,a ed. (ed. Zuck. baxan, Var. baan) out of the 
olive pulp. 

Nif. bba? to be compressible, (of webs) to be soft and 
doicny. Gitt. 59 a (ref. to nrinba, II Kings X, 22) 131 
rinaJI bbasn a cloth which can be compressed (creased) 
and stretched (again, showing no creases when unfolded) ; 
[Rashi: a stuff the thread of which is twisted between 
the spinner's fingers and stretched]. — V. nbaba. 

^0/2 I ch. same, v. Viach. 
55S ch., constr. of xbba. 

V J!2 III, Pi. b|a, "to (b. h. ; denom. of Via) [to present, 
show; cmp. ffth, nin,] to proclaim, utter, speak. Hor. 13 b ; 
Meg. 18 a ; Mace. 10 a (ref. to Ps. CVI, 2) '31 b|ab tVO *ab 
whom does it become to utter the mighty deeds &c? — 
Y. Keth. II, 26 d bot. inUJX 'lbs bs bfeaa "Olbs 13988 we 
heard that man speaking of (pointing out) that woman 
as his wife ; ITM bs> nbjbaa speaking of her children ; a. 
e —[Ley. B. s. 27 bba "TO, read: ba, v. b<» II, 2.— Lam.R. 
introd. (R. Han. 1) trblsaa, v. obab.] 

55Q II, Pa. b%3, b^a ch. same, in gen. to speak (cor- 
resp. to' b.h. isn, h"«to). Targ. Gen. XXXIV, 3 (O.ed.Berl. 
i|a). Ib. XVII, 22, sq.; a. v. fr. — Part, bisaa, xbipaa &c. 
(in ed. frequ. with one a, corr. ace). Targ. Job II, 10; 
a. fr. — Kidd. 50 a ilbs "^a i's>aa (= "$WM) they speak 
against me. 

Ithpa. biraniX 1) to be spoken, said, told. Targ. Ps. 
LXXXVII,3. Targ.Y. Ex. XX, 16; a. e.— Y. Shek. VI, 50, 
top (play on WO, Ez. XL VII, 5) [read:] p^a im» "»a *KM 
'31 pbfeapaT what is me sahu? "Waters which are spoken 
of in the world (v. rnia). — 2) to converse. Targ. Y. Ex. 
XXXIII, 9. Targ. Ez. II, 2 : I, 28 ; a. e. 

S^-?!C \Rs>12) m. (preced.) word, speech. Targ. Job 
XV, U. TargJll Esth. VII, 9 bba (constr.); a..e. — PL 
pbba, constr. ^Vba. Targ. Y. II Deut. XXX , 24 (ed. Amst. 

N>t5^2, Jm '12 m. (bba I) 1) only in 60".- 'a embers. 
[Comm.'identifyourw. with preced. .referring tothedouble 




meaning of OT&.] Ab. Zar. 28 b (Var. xbbia. v. Rabb. D. 
B. a. 1. note 400). — PL "b\o, **Q. Sabb. 109 b Tl 'tbvi "3 
-1. ';";-) between the embers — *2) gold ore as broken 
in the mine. Ketb. 67 a ' -3 Ar. (ed. X5*T33) it means ore 
(Bashi : gold leaf). 

S~T« m. (= xb'rx.. v. bbx) spy.— PL VH^ffO, (*$g). 
Targ.V. II Deut. I, 1 (Y. I Xibbx).— [-Yr"2, v. K&a] 

STfl5?Q f. (bVq II) speaking. Constr. nfc&o. Targ. 
Y. ExT XXXIII, 16. ' 

TD5D m. (b. h.; T?b) ox-goad. Kel. IX, 6, v. 'jqrtj. Y. 
Snh. X, 28" '=" ~ -'": KTHD ' - it is called maimed, because 
it trains the cow &c; Pesik. Bahod., p. 153 a ; a. e. 

"^"2^2 in. fiboH), pi. 'p^wVo crumbs, Mikv. IX. 2 
"Ofi tlie crumb-like particles of dirty or sweaty hands 
when they are rubbed against each other. 

S"^ -~^2 ch., pi. "pfewSw same. Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d , 
v. 'Zl~\. 

5D5C (Pilpel of bb?) fo toft, v. ab-b. 

nUj^U^^JDv/j) f. (bVoII; cmp. nbr?) cloth of a 
fine and doxcny texture. Gitt. 59 a , explained bba:n "C"i, 
v. bba II, AY". 

t : • 

"j"EC"E Tanh. Yithro 7, v. "peBb^a. 

>• — m. (rrb, v. r"b) whiskers: '-'"Z"- br '- glume, 
the outer husk of grains. — PL "?b-.- Ukts. I, 3; Hull. 
119 b , sq. *xba; Tosei*. Ukts. I, 2 "p&OTO br "Xba ed. Zuck. 
(R. S. to Ukts. 1. c. 7"";-2; Var. Tosef. ed. Zuck. SsV©, 
coir. ace). — Hull. 1. c. a^xb an "pM ixbaa when he takes 
hold of a number of glumes (which do not break). 

^>u3j pL m "'~z. v. a-ra. 

!tf£ <"2, i~!£ T2, infinit. PaeY of abx or rpb"|. Y. Kil. 
IX, 32 T|/ bot.; Y. T Keth. XII, 35 a bot. 'a "V;, v. abx II. 

"TSwO, Tosef. Ukts. II, 10, v. fMJ*B. 

S2£ >- m. (v. a'ba) teacher. Yeb. 21 b rWI 'a thou 
s-halt be a teacher. Gen. R. s. 68, beg. "£?a, ▼■ N ?~-""?- 

Jtf""^, "j"£jf ~*2, S2"i;^" , 2, v. sub 'sb"a. 

|>~G (b. h.) to pinch a bird's neck with the finger 
nail. Zeb.VI,5; lb. VII, 5;— Part. pass, pq&O; f.npVra, 
pi. nip^bp. Sifra Vayikra, N'dab., Par. 9, ch. XI np-lba 
mt'" a bird that has been pinched for a profane pur- 
pose, opp. rriia 'a. lb. bx-l"" rYplVu birds pinched by 
Israelites (not for sacrificial purposes), opp. 3*:~a "Z. 

Nif. pba: to be killed by pinching. Y. Sabb. II, 5 a bot. 
PJjsbailOT after the pinching has been performed. Ab. 
d'R. X. ch. I "br "P" r? ~"^"~ ~- = h° w many birds 
have been pinched for thee (the altar) 1; a. fir. 

p"w ch. spine. Targ. O. Lev. I, 15; a. e. (Y. *«")• 

for receiving the excrements of working cattle; [Tosaf. 
Yom. Tob a. 1. attests a version aibpa]. [Tosef. Kel. B. 
Mets. Ill, 14, v. Ogfco II.] 

*&"]p>E m.(b.h.; dpb) late rain. Taati. 6» fCha 'a the 
late rain (the malkosh of the Bible) is the rain in Nisan. 
lb. (play on tt3"ip5-3)'21 "jrvncp > baa "CTt Rashi (ed. frttTWp) 
something which crushes the stiff neckedness of the Is- 
raelites (who humble themselves in prayer for rain) ; "QT 
mDpa ttXian xbaan something which fills the grain in 
its stalks; "icpn bsi ttfr&Qfl bs TVnD tn which falls 
upon both the ears and the stalks ; Yalk. Deut. 863. Sifre 
Deut. s. 41 ; a. fr. 

sS'w"lp^2 ch. same. Targ. O. a. Y r . II Deut. XXXH.2. 
— PL •fr'pbr. Targ. Y. Ex. XL, 4. 

n'p>/C f. (<"ipb) the punishment of lashes. Mace. I, 3 
-""SIX '"2 W\ XliTi' that he (has done something for 
which he) is subject to forty lashes. Y. Naz. IV, 53 a bot. 
'3*1 B*33"iX \VfV\ 'a the Biblical punishment consists of 
thirty-nine lashes ; a. fr.— PL rvrpba. Snh. 81 b rVKVnabiB 'a 
the punishment of lashes for offences punishable with ex- 
tinction. Ber. 7 a , v. PflPTTOl; a. fr. 

n^p^, ^rilp^C ch. same, chastisement. Targ. Y. 
Deut. XXV, 3. Targ.' II Sam. VII, 14. 


nnpvE, v. rnpba. 

U^np5Z2 m. du. (b. h. ; r.~h) tongs; (in Midr.) two 
pairs of tongs. Pesik. R. s. 33; Yalk. Is. 271 (ref. to Is. 
VI, 6) 'aB *TO why with two pairs?; v. next w. 

nnp>22 f. (preced.) tongs. Pesik.R. s. 33 ; Yalk. Is. 271 
mnx 'a ba: (some ed. nnpb"3) he took another pair of 

12p™!2 1 m. (apb) gatherer, eclectic scholar. Ab. d'R. 
N. ch. XVIII, end 'zl xba riE" ~Z" '" a discriminating 
eclectic scholar without any pride. 

12p>/!2 II m., rapb"a f. (apb) pinchers for picking 
hair, wool &c. Mace. IH, 5 ; Naz. 40 b , v. apb. Kel. XHI, 8 
(ed. Dehx-. 10) rz~'"'zh fUB&\ and he makes use of them 
as pinchers; l r eb. 43 a apbnb. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets.III, 14 
"("Dii: be cngbctl (ed. Zuck. fVSO br -j-pb^n)the fullers' 
pinchers (with which they remove knots in a web). Sabb. 
97 a *31 '"33 apb^TVtO . . . "1CJBX "iX a public road cannot be 
made even (as skin is made) with pinchers and razors. 

n I2p5E, Y. Naz. I, 51 b bot., *f"p "3=, read: ^pb", 

v. ","-• 

S— P~"2 m. ch.. pi. BP*OJ?ifl (preced. art.) snuffers. 
Targ. Y.' Num. IV, 9 (Ar.ed. Koh. xn^pb-a,Var. X^J'jpb - ; 
h. text '^npb-2). Targ. Y'. Ex. XXV, 38; XXXVIl','23 
xr— jpb-a (Ar. xnrapb-). 

T3"p?0 a api) bag. Kel. XYI, 7 -~Z bm "zr, the bag | Sr"^p52, v. KDpte. 




TTgbo, v. -jpba ii. 

]vibi2 f ynbti, v . ?*%&. 
antes v. **. 

p^IJ-PQjm. (yob) slanderer, in former. Midr. Till, to 
Ps. CXX. 

SD n £;3E ch. same. Targ. Ps. CXX, 3. 
^Tj'iT^jDl (preced.) slander. Targ. Ps. LII, 4. 

T\bl2, v. nb^a. 

n^D, v. Kferai. 

tfrfeD, v. btt$m 

ISr >>D mound, v. xmba. 

T •• • ' t : : - 

CSiDu place for drawing loater, v. KfWfta. 
TT]7)'7J2 f. (b. li.) wardrobe. Gitt. 59 a , v. bba II. 

T t : v ' - t 

"prift, v. nb^. 

HTfTOPi read ITntnba. 

t : : - t : : - ' i ii""i 

1— 72, Ul2 Mem, name of the thirteenth letter of the 
alphabet. Sabb. 103 b nair.O dlUT d"a Ms. O. (ed. dWd) 
the Mem in s/*em is closed (final letter) ; nnina "pi'aUJ d"a 
(ed. nins) the Mem in Shim'on is open (initial letter), 
lb. I04 a 'si naxa nairo d"a nnins d"a the open and the 
closed Mems intimate that there are subjects in the Law 
which are open to all, and such as are closed (esoteric 
studies). Y. Meg. I, 71 d '31 d"a d"a 2V31 ftl ina why 
is it that the letters Mem, Nun &c. are written in two 
ways?— Maas. Sh. IV, 11 ; a. ir. — Pl. t fiOQ, T^a. Sabb. 
103 a one must not write '31 'p3ad 'a Mem like Samekh 
or vice versa; a. e. 

itm, v. «*. 

TV212, Y. Erub. IV, end, 22 a 'a rVO, v. baa. 

ruaai v. na. 

jJlZJU (b. h.) pr. n. m. Memucan, one of the seven 
princes of Persia and Media. Meg. 12 lj ; Esth. R. to I, 14 
(play on the name), v. ',13 a. 6183. 

"""fc^HD ( n S y\12) m. pi. (bba II) frail, short-lived 
people (by the way of play on tfbaa, q. v.). — Fern. pi. 
VKVCfyum, Nrpibiaa f/^iWJ (with <&$ frail words (un- 
tenable arguments). Yeb. 75 !> sq. "fcNi im-iax 'a *ttrt BrWSS 
'a because you are frail, you speak frail words; (Var. 
WV^tt . . .i^rtW lmnso dioa because you are descendants 
of &c); B. Mets. 109»; B. Bath. 137 b (Ms. R. -,WttH); 151 a 
(ed. Pes. nnxibiaa). 

^12)1212, v. ^aia. 

"j"172!Q m. (contr. of "pana, v. 'pan; nan) accumulation, 
wealth, value (in Greek writers: Mammon). Tanh. Matt. 7 
'31 dSDiaa nx dSrOdVl OFftt you loved your wealth (of cat- 
tle) more than your souls ; Num. R.s. 12. lb.; Tanh. 1. c. 6 
dibs "O^K nila nnxia na "paa money is named mamon, 
that which thou countest is nothing. B. Mets. 2 b , a. fr. 
pBD3 bdlan 'a property of doubtful ownership (with 
several claimants). Tosef. B. Mets. VII, 13; B. Kam. 116 lj 
'a isb ■pdfflna the loss of a caravan attacked by robbers 
(the redemption paid them) is apportioned according to 
the value of the freight which each passenger carried, 
contrad. to nittJBS "'Bb according to the number of pas- 
sengers, lb. 83 b 'a *pS nnn "p» 'eye for eye' (Ex. XXI, 24) 
means a fine in value, opp. Oaa "ps an actual putting out 
of the eye; a. v. fr.— [Pesik. R. s. 21 (ed. Fr., p. 105 1 ') "px 
•naiad WJB tiPS, read iStOBS, thou canst not define its 
value ; Fr. a. 1. emends WD3, v. i^V .]—Pl. naiaa. Snh. 
I,l,v."pn; a. fr. 

"\V212, #7)1212 ch. same. Targ. Gen. XXXVII, 26 na 
'a (Y. 'a T n"«3n; iJtext 3>S3 na). Targ. Ex. XXI, 30 (h. 
text IBS)} a. fr.— B. Kam. 15» 'a XpTJ iObB the payment 
of 'half-damage' is considered as a due indemnity, opp. 
KdSp penalty. lb. 108 a 'a WIS "nn two kinds of indem- 
nity (for the same action) ; ib. iOiaa *nn two indemnities ; 
a. fr. 

T\±ftl212 f. (nja) appointed, deputy, superintendent, in 
gen. officer. Tosef. Pes. II (III), 11 'aan "p3Yt; Pes. 49 a 'a 
5""1 b^3 Zunin the deputy of Rabban G. (superintendent 
of the College). Sot.42 a ia3 bs 'a VFV who has a superior 
in office, lb. Kin 'a ixb "jSO the deputy high priest is no 
active officer. Snh. II, 1 '31 fSjta 'an the m'munneh 
places him between himself and the people; ib. 19 a "OTtl 
'a I3""n "pd the sagan (Tosef. ib. IV,1) is the same as the 
nCmunneh (in Mish. 1. c), i. e. the deputy high priest. 
Shek. V, 4 '31 bs> 'a KiniB who was the superintendent of 
seals &c; a. iv.—Pl. d">3laa, "pSiaa. Ib. 1 '31 'an 'pi ibx those 
were the special officers in the Temple; a. e. 

^1212 m. (ttfca) touch, feeling. Targ.Y. II Gen. XXVII, 

22 (Y. I oaia . . . ttjsp). 

SHO? m. (nia) pestilence, death. Targ.Ps.LXXVIII, 
50 (Var. Xinia). — Constr. naa. Targ. Jer. XVI, 4; a. e. 

"fiJO/p m. (v. ita) twisted gam, cord. Y. Sabb. VII, 
I0 c top.' 

F)T212 m. (StO) druggist. Targ. Y. Ex. XXX, 25; 35, 

v. sta ' 

""HOD, v. sub njaa. 

"^1212 m. (b.h.; "TOD, sec. r. of -it, cmp. nnsaa, "WOT, v. 
Arnheim Hebr. Gr.p.173) [rejected, outcast,] bastard. Yeb. 
IV, 13 '31 *iXl!) bs 'a 1WN who is a mamzerl The issue 
of any connection forbidden in the ")i"ih; (oth. opiu.) 
*S\ ni3 rbs "pa^no b3 the issue oi ' connection for- 
bidden under the penalty of extinction; a.i'r.— Pl.Ti m ~'~^, 
-p-n-aa, "ijaa. Kidd. Ill, 13 inaib 'r "pVo^ there is a pos- 
sibility for the issue of bastards to be rebabilitated. Yeb. 




VIII, 3. Y. ib. 9 C bot. y Wj r yfti the bastards among them; 
a. fr.— Fern. PnUBQ. Tosef. Kidd. V, 2. Yeb. 78 b ; a. fr. 

fcTTjCSS, ""^12 ch. same. Targ.O. Deut. XXIII, 3.— 
Yeb. 78 1 '; a. e. — Fetn. W y t n a u, nr f TTOOi Lev. R. s. 32; 
Y. Yeb. VUI, 9 C bot. 'XJfl ITttaa J?Qp pbp 3r:0 he heard 
people call (certain persons) bastards. 

rn"p2/!2, m )J212 f. (preced.) the legal condition of a 
mamzer, bastardship. Y. Gitt, IV, beg. 45 c, *r*? X'.r BtfblE 
'*2 in order to prevent cases of bastardship. Ib. pM9 WW 
' : *~" her children will be subjected to the restrictions 
of &c. Y. Kidd. I, 58 d top 'z' rwi BttO '~2 the difference 
between the two opinions concerns bastardship, and you 
say so (that the several followers of the two opinions did 
not hesitate to intermarry)?; Y. Yeb. I, end, 3 b ffTflaW 
(corr. ace). Yoma 18 b "2 . . . . KboOl and fills the world 
with cases of bastardsliip; Yalk. Lev. 617; (Yeb. 37 1 ' 
pM)j a e. 

;>.— «j )*r^ ni. (preced.) descendant of a mamzer, 
belonging to the mamzer class. Kidd. IY, 1 ; Tosef. ib.V,l. 

CTHJOQ, v. noma. 

rnjgo, asfirgq, ngrgqai v . •*?*, * : - :: 

SI" «^, p*2*2 m. (p^) scorner. Targ. Pro v. IX, 7; 
a fr.— JP/.V~>r, V ~Vr- Tar g- *■• I, 1 ; a. e.— Ib. XXXV : 
16 x*:p— ?"; scorning icords (ed. Wil. 'pas). 

Sr^Jp^'DQ, 'pEE f. (preced.) scorn. Targ. Prow I, 
22; a. e). 

"DQQ m. (b. h.; -=2) sa/e. B. Bath. 155 b 'S Prs^-; 

T : . ' - t' t t : - 

her sale is valid. — Ib. '"2 l~2r- their sale &c; a.e. — npa 
•an commerce, commercial transactions. B. Mets.79 b ; a. e. 

Srr!C!2, Targ. Prov. XV, 13, read with ed. Lag.: 

^ r. m. (Y--Z II) crushing tool, press-beam (or stone) for 
olives; mill. B. Bath. IV, 5; expl. ib. 67 b MtGTOB. Tosef. 
Ter. in, 13 '=1 - f jt tf l 'ah "pfA frtn when he puts them 
in the mill and walks over them crosswise; Y. ib.UI, 42 b 
top 'T2.1 P.nn. Maasr. I, 7 'ah fUa Mish. ed. (Bab. ed. TfOS 
'rn ; Y. ed. a. Ms. M.' -Pi " -) from the pulp under the press ; 
Tosef. ib. I, 7 VtMWh ed. Zuck. (Yar. VttBK, bAttr). 

"BE pr. n. m. Mammal. Tosef. Erub IV (III), 17 m 
*a the family of M.; Y. ib. IV, 22 a ftttM (corr. ace.).— 
Yeb. 105 a ; Y. Bets. I, 60 b top, a. fr. *a *0 N-X (sa). 

s - . - 1 ore. v. N?: - ;. 

t : - ' ri • 

N ^ r U II pr. n. pi. Mamla, a place whose inhabitants 
were short-lived. Gen. R. s. 59, beg.; Midr. Sam. ch.VIII; 
a. e. ; v. "'SSttsa. 

3^02 m. (V5a II) speech. Targ. Gen. XI, 1. Targ. Ex. 
XXXIII, 11 (h. text S-CS); a. fr. 

!jCuG m. (b. h.; Ty'O'Z) mixture, mixed drink. Num. 
B. s/lO "pO }-■'■ xbx '"2 px mimsakh (Prov. XXIU, 30) 
means a mixture of wine with wine. 

Sa22 pr. n. pi. Mamtsi, a Palestinian border town 
(v. Hildesh. Beitr., p. 26). Y. Shebi. VI, 36 c XPPQSO 'O; 
Tosef. ib. IV, 11 WCB"! 'a (Var. '251, JVU-l); Sifre Deut. 
51 PiriS-i "WJ; Yalk. Deut. 874 ttWl BT8B. 

S"!£!2E pr. n. pi. Matntsia. Y. Succ. IV, 54 b bot., v. 

WpOD, STfUPOD, v. sub 'p^oa. 

pp?2"!2 m. (ppr) decay, tcorm-eaten material. Sabb. 
IX, 6 T (90 a ) '=1 'aafl Br*«J 'aa Y.ed., Ms. 0. a. Ar. (v.Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 60; ed. ppa) worm-eaten sacred books and 
their worm-eaten bands. 

S"} , 22 I (b. h.) pr. n. m. (or pi.) Mamre. Gen. R. s. 
42, end (ref. to Gen. XIV, 13) 'a . . . SOT.X it was a place 
called M.; 'a . . . X"Q2 it was a man &c. — Men. 85 a name 
of an Egyptian sorcerer, v. ^SrTP. 

S"]!2<2 II m. pha, pna) rebellious, (n"n "tt 35) 'a -,pT 
an elder disregarding the decision of the Supreme Court. 
Snh. XI, 1 (84 b ); 2 (86 b ). Y. Sabb. I, 3 d ; a. e. 

'HSD f. Mamru, name of a plant. Gitt. 69*, v. -r .— . 

Dla^JfTOD, v. ens^te, 

EwZSU m. Orra) [someMinp tangible,] substance; sub- 
stantial, real. Ex. R. s. 14, beg. (ref. to W&*, Ex. X, 21) 
'"a 12 PPPiia there was substance in the darkness (it was 
thick). Ab.Zar.67 a T,OX Ti ; 2-" XOtOt 53 any thing the taste 
of which (in a mixture) as well as its substance is for- 
bidden. Ib. b 1*JH MM S5T lara a mixture in which there 
is the taste of a forbidden thing whose substance, how- 
ever, is not visible, is forbidden. Hull.l08 a Wttti x'?l tOWS 
Jtm-v-.-jn X.rr3 that a forbidden substance should ritu- 
allv affect a mixture in which is left a taste after its 
removal, is in all cases a Biblical rule. Snh. 63 b ..pyiV 1 
'21 '"2 12 pfltB . . the Israelites knew very well that there 
is no reality in idols, yet they worshipped them for the 
sake of being permitted public licentiousness. B. Kam. 
83 b '"2 pr, v. p-a. Ib. '"2 Pir-O actual putting to death. 
Snh. 64 a , v. p2^; a. v. fr.— Y. Ber. Ill, 6 d bot. S^p PH$«So 
its substance remains (on the skin, even if dried up). 

lEE"^, SEJEII3 ch. same. Targ. Y. II Deut. XXXII, 
17.— Sabb. 152 b bot. '-2 n^2 rvw Ms. O. a. Ar. (ed. XOTra, 
v. Rabb. D.S. a.l. note 10) that there is substance in him 
(that it is not a mere apparition). — [-2"2 constr. touch, 

v. viaa.] 

'ytilZC, TvMSD parable, v. We. 

T.J • T T S • •* TT 

TTTCIZTZ f. (b. h.; 5S-QI) rulership, power. Koh. R. 




to X, 4 '31 'a *|b nnxn ^3 if rulership happens to be thine, 
leave not thy humility. — Gen. R. s. 53 'an . . . nbu5 that 
rulership was taken from them ; a. e. — [Gen.R. s. 20, read : 

snbisaa, v. baja.] 

mtutiya, v. r*s$#o. 

nCTZ, v. btnrap. 

D liHQ/U a combination of each first letter of the 
words "pblfii bpri X3a x:a divided off in groups of three 
letters each (Dan. V, 25). Snh. 22 a ; Cant. R. to III, 4; 

v. y-ibxx. 

U*$Z}1212, "] n j!pF}DQ m. pi. (b.h.; prwo) sweet things. 
Mekh. Yithro, Amal., s. 1. 

m il2 (b. h.) /Vow, of; more (or less) than. Ab. Zar. 18 a 
lanT Baffin "ja from heaven they will have mercy (on 
me), i. e. I trust in God. Sabb. 21 b ■)' .'¥ UUJ h p ytWVQft 

v. Tin.— inman "a, v. ins ; nnaian "pa, v. hrjano. — Tem. 

28 a '21 X^Sinb nannn "JO 'of the cattle' (Lev. 1, 2) intimates 
the exclusion of &c; a. v. fr.-Prefix "», -^3j "O, "*« q.v.— 
T?"?i f^i Tl?* 1 "? (=b. h. "J^Saa, v. yx) whence?, whence is 
it proven? — Yoma 32 a '31 ttJan;i 'a whence is derived the 
regulation about five immersions &c? lb. Jlb^aii VsttJ 'ai 
'31 and whence is the rule dei'ived that each immersion 
requires &c? lb. 44 a 'a . . . xbx ^ "pX this would prove 
to me only in favor of . . ., whence do you derive that 
the same applies to . . . ? ; a. v. fr. 

"jE, *pT2 ch. same. Targ. Gen. I, 2; a. v. fr.— With suf- 
fixes of pers. pron. *VQ, '"vo from me; TjJa, '*B from thee; 
m|ft "nj from him, it &c. lb. XXII, 12.1b. Ill, 3;— 
Y. Ber. II, 5 a bot. pbo~i 'p ",a to where he had come from. 
Sabb. 80 b n"^> XI r Tfr **! 10 this came to him from his own 
doing. Sot. 40 a fiS^a "p;> XpB3 ^xai and what difference 
does it make? '31 'CibpT^ n^Sai "»IB through myself and 
him the Most High is exalted. B. Kam. 18 a hTrtb Wxp 
ST^a it was lost through its (the chicken's) action alone. 
Y.Peah YII,20 ,) XISl mni IrWTQ (the sweetness) is entirely 
its own (no honey has been added). Snh. 39 b , v. X2X; 
a. fir.— «W X3>13 XJ>, M'Vutl bs X? it is not at all in his 
power; v. xbi3. — "1 ',a from the time that, after; from the 
fact that; when; because. Lam. R. to II, 2 'j'ibsxi )~o after 
they had eaten ; a. v. fr. ; v. "'m 

IlIZ I m. (b. h. ; nja) portion, food. Num. R. s. 12 (play 
on Tainx) the sun '31 ',a 511X^3 n'^'pn TllTttJ whom the 
Lord has created to weave (ripen) food for creatures ; pXI 
'31 r,!"HB X^X "ja man means fruits and food (with ref. to 
"JOfl, Dan. I, 5).— Esp. ')a(ri) the manna of the desert. Ex. 
R. s. 25. Tanh. B'shall. 20; Mekh. ib., Vayassa, s. 2 "^31X 
'an those eating manna (not troubling themselves about 
to-morrow). Yoma75 a ; a. fr. 

"]/C I, S2E ch. same (a day's) support. Succ. 39 b '+02 
"a for as much only as is needed for the day. Ib. "'Xni 
'31 'a that man means support, v. preced. — Esp. XSa the 
manna. Targ. Ex. XVI, 31. Targ. Y. ib. 27; a. e. (some 
ed. x:a). 

y2, *]Q II who?, what?, v. -jxa. Targ. Gen. XXIV, 23. 
lb. XXXIII, 8 (ed. Berl. Xa; oth. ed. 'Xa); a. fr. — Em- 
phatic. X5a (X5a). Targ. Ps. XXXIX, 5. Targ. Prov. IV, 

*VG III, %*yE 1 1 thing, vessel, garment ; coulter, v.",xa. 
fcOD I. (fcOE II) who?, what?, v. la II. 

t : ' v t i- ' ' 

&OQ II (apocop. of "jX ")a = h. "paa; v. ',2a) whence?; 
whence' is it proven? B. Kam. 117 a '31 xOJpan xna^n 'ai 
but whence will you prove that we draw no analogy from 
fines? Ib. 44 a bot. '31 'p'W 'ai and how do we know &c? 
Snh. 61 b <lb X3^aX 'a whence (on what evidence) do 1 
say so?; a. fr.— ^a "Wl X3a, "^a iJrjStt, v. X^all.— 
1X3a. Gen. R. s. 11, v. :m — 'b X3a, ",3)3 a whence do toe 
have this?, hoiv do we know? Ber. 7 a . Meg. 2 a IftXtO 'a '0 
'31 whence do we derive this? — Whence we derive this? 
(you ask, as if it were a law requiring an intimation in 
the Biblical text, while it is merely a measure of accom- 
modation,) as we were going to explain further on. Ib. 
20 a ; a. v. fr. 

S-D, (jjOC) manna, v. 'a I. 

&CD III, (^feOlU) pr. n. m. Mana {Mona), name of 
severalAmoraim. T Y. Sabb. I, 2 C top. Y. Dem. IV, 24 a top; 
Taan. 23 b ^Sa — Y. Ab. Zar. II, 42 a top ;— V. Fr.M'bo, 
p. 114 b , sq. 

tX2TZ IV a weight, v. nsa. 

"pSOQ, Koh. R. to VII, 7, 'a yir, read with Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 a : "piSa, v. iis^a ch. 

"1SDQ whence?, v. xsall. 

7H2Z2, v. tasw. 

r : t t: 

SD1332 m. (XD) lasher at court. Yoma 15 a ; 54 1 ' sq.; 
Zeb. 38 a '(expl. Cj^saS) 'VO . . ina R. Judah showed it by 
imitating the movement of the lasher, v. TTMX 

"pm v. ' ( iD5 ? a. 

mS^DQ, v. next w. 

5^3532 m. (v. next w.) any means of charming: art, 
contrivance. Tanh. Lekh 15 (play on '$a, Gen. XIV, 20) 'a 
'31 tV'ypn n'^y (ed. Bub. ib. 19 nsxa, corr. ace.) the Lord 
made a charm..., for Abraham took dust, &c. Zeb.116 1 ' Ms. 
M. xjx^a ; Yalk. Lev. 579 nsaa^'wa, v . x";a H.-P^. r^x:r.r:. 
Gen. T R T . s. 43 '31 WITS' 'a na3 (Ar. ni*3aa) how many arts 
did I not contrive to bring them under thy power?; Yalk. 
ib. 74 nWJfia (corr. ace). — Esth. R. end (ref. toPs.LXVJ. 
3) '31 ~\hv ni'SSDa 'irx "pb^ni na (corr. ace.) how fearful 
are thy contrivances ; those to be slain slay their slayers 
&c; Midr. Till, to Ps. XXII -|Vn X^Sa; Yalk. Ex. 225; 
Yalk. Ps. 790; Pesik. B'shall., p. 81 a 'n^553a. 

VlDiO/'C m. (y.a77ptvo*) same, i) charm, potion. Gen. 

R. s. 88 T ip:n? 1? WS 'a (ed. Wil. yo&sa, pi.) they prepared 


797 Mr»tt 

a charm for him to choke him. — 2) art, contrivance. Ex. 
R. s. 18 (play on TJ-aa, Ps. LXXVII, 7) 'Z' JWBPtt '"2 (ed. 
Wil. ^>£.) tby contrivance in Egypt (in not sending the 
plague of the first-born at once). lb. '21 'a 3TT> "T3 (ed. 
Wil. "333, corr. ace.) who understands thy contrivances 
at the Red 8ea (when those who had drowned the Is- 
raelitish children, were drowned)? Tanh. B'har 2 ~Z'~ 
,_. -•_.„ «g - ;x (not ^..^ j -will reverse my plans and make 
him (the poor) rich &c. Y'lamd. to Deut. VII, 12, quot. 
in Ar. 'B rts ~"3~ii "n the Lord turned the plan (of 
drowning the Israelites) against him (v. supra). — 3) me- 
chanic contrivance, machine. Lev. R. s. 20, beg. fpn xb 
lVflJ <- -.-.- Ar.(ed.van33) he did not know tbe mechanism 
(of the throne of Solomon); Pesik. Ahare, p. 168 a SiTM 
•'-- 7-3:- (corr. ace); Tanh. Vaethh. 1 "p3333 (corr. ace). — 
Talk. Esth. 1046; Targ. II Esth. I, 2 *T33 by machinery (in 
the throne of Solomon). — PI. ""333a, rri»3U lb. Yalk. I.e. 
"y~'Z r*:;:. "n the machinery burst; a. fr. (v. supra). — 
x*:?:-;, ri-'assa, v. preced. 

HmZ-^ f. (Ezra IV, 13; =fiia; cmp. 313a a. Sia) Jand- 
fflar. Estb. R. introd.; Gen. R.s. 64, v. Mia; Ned. 62 b ; B. 
Bath. 8 a "bail raa IT 'a mindah is the king's share (of 
the crops). 

ffiD, "- "ISS pr. n. pi. XYar Mandu (Kafr Menda, 
north of Sepphoris; v. Sm. Bible Diet. s. v. Madon, a. 
Fischer a. Guthe Map of Palestine). Pesik. Shub., p.l63 b ; 
Yalk. Job 906 ; Gen. R. s. 52 a. Lev. R. s. 1 ed. Wil. ":a.— 
[Tosef. Yeb. X, 3 Tea l£3 ed. Zuck., Var. "pl3a.] 

'^wE, v. preced. 
"jtf">«, v. p*tt. 

"j"*3Q, v. nag. 

""— SIDE, v. - m y ^ . 

$^2*2, S^M^S m. (=~ia; cmp.iiiaa) knowledge, wis- 
dom. Targ. Y. Deut. I, 13 'a "na possessors of knowledge 
(0., v. 3la). Targ. Job XXXTII, 3 ; a. fr. 

ST^^D f. same. Targ. Koh. IX, 11. 

D-H^D, V. HS'TQ. 

JSP3?N^G f. (v. preced. wds.) sentiment, disposition.— 
PL xrr'-:-2 (cmp. nan). Targ. Job XXXVI, 4 (some ed. 
sing.; Ms. X3i3a; h. text rvon). 

fcC'llDD, Y. Naz. I, 51 a bor., read: K31T33. 

I imlZ m. (b.h., from which, mina; fi3a) [one hun- 
dred,] Maneh, a weight in gold or silver, equal to one 
hundred common or fifty sacred shekels (v. Zuckerm. 
Talm. Miinz. p. 7, sq.). Bekh. 5 a rrft blS3 OTp fan 'a the 
sacred Maneh was double the weight of the common, 
lb. VIII, 7 TBI '-23 taking the Tyrian Jtf. as a standard, 
lb. 49 ■'"YCJ Vi" 'a . . . i-ns '33 'the Tyrian M.' . . . means 

the standard of the Tyrian system (one 8ela = 4 Zuz, 
Rashi). Keth. I, 2 'a (13133X1 D^rxa . . . fibTO the widow- 
hood of a maiden is two hundred (Zuz), and that of a 
widow (remarried) is one hundred (Zuz, a common Shekel). 
B. Kam. 90 b '{:r (1313 'a IX ",3n "nis *tj does the Mishnah 
(VIII, 6) mean a Tyrian or a country Maneh (twelve and a 
half Zuz)? Shebu. VI, 1 fTn "^ 'a thou owest me one hun- 
dred denars. 8nh. VIII, 2 1T33 'a meat of the weight of a 
Maneh. Shebi. I, 2 TH > Spn W 3 'a B^aiO the weight of sixty 
M. in the Italian system. Ker. 6 a ; a. fr. — Erub. 85 b bot. 
'a fixa p5 =*3a 133 make room for one worth one hun- 
dred M. (in gold).— Trnsf. CIS p 'a a Maneh son of a P'ras 
(half a Maneh), i. e. a distinguished son of a less dis- 
tinguished father. Taan. 21 b . — PL tftm, "p33. Y. Shek. 
VI, 49 c bot. 'a . . . C]bx the weight of fifteen hundred M. 
Ker. 1. c. ; a. e. — Chald. form: "W. Targ. Ez. XLV, 12 
(Kimhi X33).— PI. fia, Btta, £0, 'Itt^, ""BO. lb. Targ. 
Is. VII, 23. Targ. I Kings X, 17 ;a. e.— Esth.R. to VI, 10: 
Lev. R. s. 28.— Sabb. 133 b X31D 'a 333 (not ''WB, v. Rabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 90) fat weighing seven M. (Rashi: seven 
portions of fat). Y. B. Kam. IX, 6 d bot. [read as Tosaf: 
to Bab. ib. 100 b :) '31 "paab 'a 'Ml 11335 tpQ T3a!l wool 
worth five M., dyeing material worth five, and ten M. 
wages. Y. Meg. TV, 74 d bot. ""SB (corr. ace); a. e. 

i i- - I f. (b. h.; preced.) share, portic 
'a 1332 'a TPpllL" you must weigh one nie< 

ion. Bekh. V, 1 
■pppltt! you must weigh one piece (of the meat 
of the first-born) against another piece (of secular meat 
of ascertained weight). Gitt. 59 b , a. e. "jHEXl TOP 'a 'a bla^b 
that he (the priest) have the privilege of first choice 
(when a division is made). Sifre Deut. 53; Yalk. ib. 875 
ns" 1 'a the best portion (at the meal). Yalk. Num. 765, 
end '=1 'a laxsb TVUtt) "ib^ a king who selected a portion 
for himself, and another came and spoke disparagingly 
of it; a. fr.— PL ni3a. Sabb. 149 a ; Tosef. ib. XVII (XVIH), 
5. Ib. 4 irTrriaa b? pD-sa cast lots for their portions (at 
the table); a. e. — V. nan. 

nr - II to count, v. -: -. 

T T 

^"2^ m. (b. h.; ar<a) conduct, manner, usage. B.Mets. 
VII, 1 'ns^lail ansa the usage of the country. Tosef. 
ib. VII, 13 XT^aJ "cblii 'a the usage among members 
of a caravan: ib. 14 "pEDtl 'a the usage of shippers (in 
cases of jetsam). Y. Pes. IV, 30 d top 'a !3^X this is no 
religious usage (deserving recognition) ; 'a it is &c. Hull. 
13 1 ' ' p r^ ftl ■jfrmsx 'a xbx . . . tftO the gentiles outside 
of Palestine are not to be considered as idolaters, they 
only continue the usages of their ancestors. Ab. Zar. 54 b 
3*113 iati3a= aViS the world (nature) follows its laws. Pesik. 
Ahare.'p. 168 a , v. pB|3B : a. fr.— PL D^tisa. Lev. R. s. 20, 
beg. l^aii^a its arrangements, v. "jiaasa. 

S^HZIQ ch. same. Targ. Ruth IV, 7: a. e.— Snh. 
46 b xa'?33 'a a mere usage (is incidentally recorded in 
the Bible, not meant as a law). Ib. 'aa "aniab xbl in 
order not to depart from the common custom; lSmE" 1 ?! 
'aa intimating that they will be treated differently from 
the common usage (as a disgrace). Nidd. 66 a "jb N3">-X 
'a niax nxi XllCX I speak of a legal prohibition, and 





you quote a usage; Yeb. 13 b ; a. e. — [Y. Ber. V, 9 a 15.naa 

rv wa o, v. "an. 

"'CirGQ f. (ana) roaring. Yalk. Ps. 864, v. *Jf«$9. 

JTTDQ m. (an2) feader, director. Gen. R. s. 39, beg.; 
a. e. *» x'aa mn dVCttTO laxn is it possible that this world 
has no leader? — B. Bath. 91 a sq. '31 irnaa 13.&W} .. .■*» 
woe to the world (humanity) whose leader is gone, woe 
to the ship whose captain is gone I; a. e. — PI. tfVPnaa. 
Gen. R. s. 24 Va^naal "VH1 "ill generation after generation 
and their several leaders, lb. s. 12 "ifraviaai )ii X"Q crea- 
ted them (the heavens) and their directing agencies, v. 

Nana.— v. ana. 

t :- -t 

^SPIDD = ^sr xaa, v. saa n. 

fctirij^ m. (nna I) [light- giver,] morning star. Y. 
Yoma III, beg. 40 b ; Y. R. Hash. II, beg. 57 d , v. p?3l. 

iSmnn^LJ f. (preced.) fine appearance, display of 
dignity. Ned. 38 b yras 'xb . . . ftW Ar. (v. Asheri a. 1.; 
ed. xm-inaab ; Var. in R. Nissim KnnpSab) slaves are 
mainly used for display (and need no fattening food). 

1tH2 (= in 19) who is he?, who is it? Snh. 14 a *tm 
'31 f&T *1 'ai ITnsWl and one with him, and who is the 
one? R. J. &c. ; a. iv.—Fem. *$a (= ■*! ")?). Sabb. 140 b &6 
'a K5X 13a "pTOVi do not call, Who is he? (at the door) 
but 'Who is she?' — Esp. ^3 a f«h) (ellipt. for ^n "Jtfl Wi) 
ivhose opinion is this? Hull. 15 b '31 '"i xb 'a whose opinion 
is it (you represent) ? This is neither Rabbi's nor &c. Succ. 
3 a '21 T25"n 'a -£> laNI Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) he 
who said this to thee, — do you know whose opinion he 
represents? Beth Shammai's &c; a. fr. — [B. Bath. 91 a 
13a, v. next w.] 

NP n 3"^> ^rP^E m. (comp. of "pa a. VtVA) 
manager of the house, executor. B. Bath. 9l a (prov.) is 
rm^aisa Ka^p . . . vbi Ms. M. (ed. 'n isa xa^p, v. Rabb. 
D. S.a.l. note) before the dying man is dead, his executor 
stands (ready to assume the administration). 

11212 m. (b. h.; in) shaking; ttSjh *ti3a shaking of the 
head, ready assent, submission. Sabb. 104 a (ref. to the 
shapes of certain letters, v. C]S3) 'Vaa nmnn n3n^3lU (Ar. 
only 'as) the Law has been given under repeated signs 
of assent. 

pbllDD, v. blisa H a. T^Vjaa. 

SiTlTl-lDQ f. (bl!3 1) nasty, muddy. Taan. 6 b , v. rata. 

an™, v . «™. 

T T : - T ! T 

N "3D I (b. h.) pr. n. m. Manoah, 1) the father of Sam- 
son. Ber. 61 a . Num. R. s. 10. B. Bath. 91 a ; a. fr.— 2) M., 
father of R. Huna. Taan. 9 a . 

niDD II m. (b.h.; tVO) rest. Sabb. 152 b 'a *,nb ffli (Ms. 
M. nnaa) find rest. Lam. R. to I, 3 '3i 'a nxxa ib^St if 

she (Judah) had found rest (among the nations), she would 
not have returned (to the Lord) ; a. e. 

nrPDQ f. (b. h.) ; same. Num. R. s. 10 n&Op3 nxi33n 
'a inspiration is called resting (ref. to Jer. LI, 59, a. Is. 

XI, 2). Ber. 64 a 'a anb "px n"n scholars are never at rest 
(constantly progressing). Ex. R. s. 1 'a Dnb yWB nsd 
he saw that they had no recreation from labor; a. fr. — 
Esp. the seat of the central sanctuary (with ref. to Deut. 

XII, 9). Tosef. Zeb. XIII, 20; Zeb. 119 a , sq. 


OiDQ"DQ, v. cisaisia. 

T T 

1121212, v. iw. 

t : " T 

\\212 m. (b.h.; naa; sub. ^N) manager, executor. Gen. 
R. s. 22 T (ref. to Prov". XXIX, 21) nivfc 1S1& . . .pasa'U ">a *>3 
'31 ff?S 'a if one indulges his passion in his youth, it 
will be his ruler in his old days; (Yalk. Prov. 962 nnia, 
some ed. bffila; ib. 961 pnia). Succ. 52 b , v. n"3,-Ji<.— [Cant. 
R. to II, 1 1T13S 113a, a corrupt gloss, perhaps for 'p">S 
T'aitf, a reference to Ex. R. s. 23.] 

&01273 m. (v. fctsa; "aa) the ordinary daily food. Targ. 
Y. II Deut. VIII, 3 (h. text urb). 

^21212, v. ^a/aia. 

&1212 m. (b. h.; 013) refuge. Ex. R. s. 1 nUJab 'a ',na 
'31 suffered Moses to take refuge with an idolater. Yalk. 
Job 906; Yalk. Jud. 41, v. yft ; a. e. 

HOIDD f. same. Midr. Till, to Ps. LXVIII 'a on? TW 

t : . ' 

3^03 '^Ti< have no resort to which to flee. 

i ~I")3/Q f. (b. h.; 113) candlestick, lamp. Pesik. Ekhah, 
p. 123 Ta , a.'e., v. nS3. Gen. R. s. 20 '31 iai ant £jp 'a a 
golden candlestick with an earthen lamp on top (typical 
of a noble woman married to an ignoble husband); a. 
fr. — Esp. the candlestick in the Sanctuary. Num. R. s. 15. 
Men. 29 a . Tam. Ill, 9; Yoma 21 a , v. ",1tt5^; a. fr.— PI. 
ni-iiaa. Men. 1. c. 


XP1212, v. ansa. 

tt : - t: t 

S37J3D, read: fc»1»a. 

t : • ; - 

MnWD, 'n"J3Q (a feigned denom. of »T*B, with 
suffix of first person) 1 will be a Nazih (substitute of 
Nazir), v. next w. 

fcOp^DQ, p}2!2 (v. preced.) 1 will be a Nazih (sub- 
stitute for Nazir"). 'Y. Naz. I, beg. 51 a [read:] ftp* "p^n 
xan^lESa xan^aa '^...yr*fro ""la-a what are the substitutes 
of substitutes? ... I will be a Nazik, a Nazih &c. Ib. 

wwiaa naixn i^x "par* u;aa f**&i3 •piw'z iwo*a ibx "pa 
jo-maa iaiN3 xan^sa xan^taa laixn "53 im na^s xa-j 

these are not substitutes of substitutes ; these are direct 
substitutes. If one said manzirna (I will be a Nazir), is 
he not a Nazir? So he who says &c. (turning the sub- 




stitute nouns into verbs) must be considered as if he had 
said manzirna. Ned. 10 b [read:] X3nTsa X3r,73a Sep"". 

N""!^) Xj"">J2Q (v. preced.) I will be a Nazir. Y. 
Naz. I, beg. 51 a (not '""-), v. preced. 

TCP m. ch. = h. niaa, l) rest, relief. Targ. 0. Gen. 
VIII.V Targ. Deut. XXVIII, 65 (Y. some ed. nw). Targ. 
Ps. CXVI, 7 WTO (Ms. 'm, Kegia 'ni3).— 2) going to rest, 
decline (v. next w.). Targ. Gen. Ill, 8 BOY 1 rTO (h. text 

nniiD f. (b. h.; ni3; cmp. nn_3) 1) [to'd rfotcn,] o/fer- 
i>^, present. — PI- tvttrrq. Num. R. s. 13 ix-cn nab'rbti; 
'=" 'a maixn as the nations brought gifts to Solomon &c: 
a. e. — Esp. (in ritual) meal-offering . Men. I, 1 XOin ntWO 
th# sinner's meal-offering (Lev. V, 11). lb. X, 6 (68 b ) MTO 
~ -H2 the meal-offering connected with animal offering 
(e. g. Lev. VII, 13). lb. XII, 3 '31 'a ibs *nn I vow a 
minhah of barley; a. v. fr. — PI. as ab. lb. I, 1 ; a. fr. — 
M'nahoth, name of a treatise of the Misbnah, Tosefta, 
and Talmud Babli of the Order of Kodashim. — 2) (cmp. 
preced. 2) [decline,'] afternoon (corresp. to b. h. 0*3"isn"p3); 
•nfi t'izt (or WTO) afternoon-prayer, Minhah. Ber. IV, 1 
(26 a ) :VWl -G 'ah rbsn the Minhah may be read until 
sunset ; ib. 26 b '3i D*n"Oti "pa Va *ran "mro . . 'an nbsn 
the Minhah may be read &c, because the daily sacrifice 
of the afternoon could be offered until sunset. Ib. aba "IS 
'ar. up to the middle of the afternoon. Ib. nbvia 'a ('a 
Nap) the large (first) afternoon, i. e. the time from six 
and a half hours after sunrise to sunset (the day being 
divided into twelve hours) ; rr.-^p 'a (n3l"inx 'a) the smaller 
(later) afternoon, i. e. from nine and a half hours to sun- 
set. Ib. rttrlnto 'a abs the middle of the late (small) after- 
noon. Ib. top 'a bbsrn x'r nr3 if by mistake he failed 
to read the Minhah ; a. fr. 

UnjLJ (b. h.) pr. n. m. Menahem, 1) King of Israel. 
Yalk. Kings 236 (from Seder c 01am). — 2) name of tbe 
Messiah to come. Snh. 98 b . Y. Ber. Ill, 5 a top; Lam. R. 
to I, 16; Pirke d'R. El. ch. XIX C^OV p bx"i33> p 'a.— 
If., associate judge of Hillel. Hag. II, 2. Ib. 16 1 ' XS" 1 
~;ar. tfTOSO 'a M. resigned from the judgeship to enter 
the King's (Herod's) service.— 4) M. bar Simai, surnamed 
'the son of saints'. Pes. 104 a ; Ab. Zar. 50 a ; (Y. ib. HI, 42 c 

, top O'MDMJJ Wl'lp "& n X Dim). — 5) name of several scholars. 
f. Maasr. V, end, 52 a M. bar Mabsima.— Y. Erub. VII, 24 c 
top.— Tosef. ib. XI (VIII), 10 X^ba Wt 'a (Keth. 60* 0*0). 
Tosef. Shebu. I, 7 It 03 ETX 'a, v. 1T35.— Tosef. Keth.V, 1 ; 

' T a. fr. 

NnTTOQ, v. xrwro. 

tL'nDQ m. (b. h. *ans) diviner, v. tiro. 

'CTjyQ, SCH2E ch. same. Targ. 0. Deut. XVIII, 
10.— PL "POTTO' i<;'l ; ~:a. Targ. Y. Lev. XXVI, 30; a. e. 

SrTCQ, rpZ2 f. ch.=h. fiTOO, 1) offering; meal of- 
fering. Targ. Lev. II, 1 ; a. fr. — PI. XHIrTO. Targ. O. Num. 
XVHI, 9 ed. Berl. (ed. 'rn:a). — 2) afternoon, afternoon 

prayer, Minhah. Targ. I Kings XVTH, 29.— Y. Pes. V, 30' 1 
top.— Sot. 39 b masm 'an in the Minhah of the fast-day. 
— PI. xnnaa. R. Hash. 31 a xnoiXH 'an in the Minhah of 
Sabbath days; a. e. 

|">HtadJAJ f. (correct '"^aa, mantela, jiavnfjXiov, of 
Semitic origin, v. b^oa H) napkin, handkerchief. Y. Ber. 
Ill, 6 d bot. '31 'ax pp-H quot. in Asheri to Ber. 24 b (ed. 
pbaSFtt, Rashba yV^Cl OX, Var. "pbaxs OX, corr. ace, and 
read: inla for "IIDX) who spits into his handkerchief. — PI. 
same. Gen. R. s. 5 ; s. 28 *pbl13a31, *pbl3a31 (corr. ace.), 
v. bttsa II. 

"fiSM '"^ m - (">-?) i) (infin. of -13:) 'a? -noai the 
charge' of. Targ. Y. Num. HI, 36 (0. "b iB^ob "POan ed. 
Berl., oth. ed. laab). — 2) [guard,] border, edge of a cloak 
(corresp. to Lat. clavus). Targ. Y. Ex. XXVIII, 31 ; 34.— 
Trnsf. (like clavus) tunic. Targ. I Chr. XV, 27. 

■j n a"ITJ3E, v. t o y aq . 

'3/2) U J jSS pr. n. Land of Minni (supposed to be 
Minyas in Armenia). Targ. Ps. XL V, 9 ; (Targ. Jer. LI, 
27 "a^a-wi). 

*32 pr. n. m., v. X3a. 

n |E, v. BO. 

"0/Q a weight, v. riaa. 

jS) / \212 (b. h.) to divide, distribute; to count. Bekh 
IX, 7 '31 IRK 0309 naial (Bab. ed. 58 b 'X "p3iai) and he 
counts with the rod, one, two &c. Ib. "psim DX3a if he 

' tt : 

counted them while they were crouching. Shebu. 34 a bot. 
'3i -p yrm naa (not rprraa, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) I 
counted (delivered) to thee a Maneh (as a loan) in the 
presence &c. ; ib. b R. Hash. 12 a '31 bl3ab "paia bxnur "WWl 
the Jewish scholars count the dates of the flood in ac- 
cordance with R. El. (beginning the year with Tishri), 
and the astronomical calendar in accordance with R. J. 
(beginning with Nisan). Pesik. R. s. 15, beg. n:nbb TWO "pX 
'31 we count by the moon (fix the date of the new month) 
only when seen after sunset. Succ. 29 a , a. fr. naobb "paia 
regulate the seasons by the moon (have a lunar year). 
Men. 65 b , a. e. '31 D"^" 1 Mao count the required number 
of days and proclaim (one day as) the New Moon Day. 
YomaV, 3; a. fr. — Part. pass, "sna; f. fTWa; pi. 0^*33, 
T«0a, *p«a; ni-«iaa a) counted. Taan. 8 b 'an 131 that 
which has been counted (is known by number). Bekh. 
IX, 7 'an " ( a inx one of the sheep already counted. — 
b) classified; (pi.) class. Hag. 17 b mss qx T^Eab i3nn na 
TirOoh (moB = '3? b© TOO) as the New Moon festival 
belongs to its class (of days), so does the Pentecost (which 
is determined by counting weeks) belong to its class (of 
weeks), i. e. the pilgrim's sacrifice (nvar:) may be offered 
during the entire eighth week from Passover; R. Hash. 
5 a 1^-ab. — c) (v. Nif.) entered for a share in the sacrifice. 
Zeb. V, 8 VTO& xbx b3X3 XM can be partaken of only 
by those registered for it. Pes.V,3 (61 a ) vbsixb Kbo XJTflE 
V«i3ab xb'-"1 (Bab. ed. 1^13ab) if while slaughtering he had 





in mind such as were unable to partake of it (sick per- 
sons &c.) or such as had not been registered for it. lb. 
6i a hot. "piisab "pboiK irprvK (Ms. M. i^isab vioix) the 
partakers (to be held in mind) are analogous to the reg- 
istered, lb. 70 a rTO&.V. . • M^N Ms. M. (ed. incorr. V^'OO^, 
V"13ab) it (the pilgrim's sacrifice) can only be partaken of 
by those registered for it; a. fr. 

Nif. njas, '*>3 1) to be counted. Num. R. s. 1 b"»»6S ^ 
"pHaS Stbl are neither numbered nor measured. Bets. 3 , 
a. e. nisE^ 1311*0 nx, v. nx. Gitt. V, 6 Wfi (usu. isas 
1*1251) they (their votes) were counted, they resolved, v. 
lea II ; a. fr. — 2) to be counted on for a share in the Pass- 
over lamb, to be registered (Ex. XII, 4). Pes.VIII, 3 dbl3& 
'31 1*v>3* y , 50" , 3 persons may continually be entered for a 
share in it, as long as there remains for each &c. lb. "pa"0 
'21 "("OTCroi they may be entered and withdraw again. lb. 
89 a ni3H*>b VdX but as for registering (additional names). 
Tosef. ib.VH, 7 '31 nisanbl -(IDsnb 12£1 (ed. Zuck. incorr.) 
if some of them wish to withdraw and have others enter- 
ed on their share &c. ; a. fr. — 3) to be specified. Y. Taan. 

IV, 68 b (ref. to Mish. IV, 5) ni3a*>nb nxi na what 

reason was there for that specification of the time when 
each family of priests and the people had to offer wood?; 
Y. Shek. IV, beg. 47 d ; Y. Meg. I, 70 c top. 

Hif. nsan, 'Vi to cause to be entered; to add to the 
number of sharers; to transmit one's share to another 
person. Y. Pes.VIII, 36 a top dsn b>3> mix 'in he gave him a 
share gratuitously. Tosef. ib. 1. c. nisanb im«J rTTfilh "b3 
'31 (ed. Zuck. nisaVj) members of a party who desire to give 
others a share in their own portion. Ib. diinx nsaan 
Ipbn b>3* (ed. Zuck. indB) he who assigns to others a share 
in his portion ; a. fr. 

Hof. nsain to be added to the number; to be entered 
as a member of a group or of a family. Tosef. ib. 3 'n 
dna inx b3? if he (the orphau) has been entered as his 
guest by one of the guardians. Ib. 6 '21 soaintt" iTTOn i3d 
ed. Zuck. (oth. ed. 13a3UJ) members of a group who have 
been entered (in a body) in addition to the original par- 
ticipants; a. e. 

Pi. nja, '-a to appoint, elect Gitt. V, 4 fmm )fb *?Ot 
'31 for whom their father had appointed an executor. 
lb. '31 idX ttlratt whom the father ... has appointed. 
Taan. 10 b '31 inisab IIXHU 1*3 who is worthy to be elected 
manager &c; a. fr. — Part. pass. n*.iaa; pi. VWOO. Sot. 
42 a 'aa "pd nab for what purpose is a deputy high priest 
appointed ?; Yoma 39 a I3ia*»a ed. (corr. ace. ; v. Rabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note); a. fr.— Hor. 13 b '31 d315 d^3iaa dnidXID Ms. M. 
(ed. diTQK 'aava, = d^Siaan *,a) whose father is of those 
worthy to be elected manager (v. Taan. 1. c). — V. fl^aa.— 
Esp. to ordain as teacher and judge. Y. Snh. 1, 19 a bot. 
'31 X^IE 'laiZJ 1"d a court that ordained without the con- 
sent of the Nasi. Ib. '31 n?aa inx ^3 li'fi each teacher 
used to ordain his own pupils; a. fr. 

Hithpa. nsarn, Nithpa. nsero 1) to be appointed, des- 
ignated as deputy, to be ordained. Sifra Ahare Par. 5, 
ch. VIII fisanan inx p3 nidlb to imply the other priest 
that is designated as a deputy. Y. Bice. Ill, 65 d top 33*1 
'31 *3Tfl when a scholar is ordained, his sins are forgiven. 
Ib. '31 t]033 'ana xino W (not i3ana) before him who 

has been ordained for money, we must not stand up, nor 
do we call him rabbi, and the cloak upon him is like 
the cover of ass. Yoma 22 b . Y. Shek. V, 48 d bot. *W3 
'31 'plana dnxir dnx . . . . fc&'WJ ni dX if this one ap- 
pointed superintendent of wicks, was privileged to be 
counted among the great of the generation, how much 
more youwho are to be appointed over the preservation of 
lives (as directors of charities). R. Hash. II, 9 (25 a ) sisarCIB 
'31 *>3> Y'2 Ms. 0. (ed. lla3>!2J, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 90) 
who have been ordained as a court for all Israel; a. fr. — 
2) (of things) to be assigned. Tosef. Sot. VII, 20 n*ans 
'31 nd3*lS dlxb if a livelihood has been assigned to a man 
(by Providence, i. e. if he has succeeded in establishing a 
livelihood), he must buy a house ; '31 npi lb '3 Tin (v. ed. 
Zuckerm. note) if more has been provided for him, he 
must buy a field . . . and then marry a wife. 

"0Q, SDQ ch. same 1) to count. Targ. Ps.LXXVIII,9 
X3Pp(S) 13a (ed. Lag. "O^a, corr. ace.) they calculated the 
term (of redemption). Targ. Num. 1,44; 49; a. fr. — Men. 
66 a '31 iai*i "Oa^ to count the days . . . and the weeks 
(of the c Omer). Ib. '31 lai*- 13a .. . *,3d"i Ms. M. (ed. "0a) 
the scholars of . . . counted the days but not the weeks. 
Hull. 60 b '31 *p *i3a">l= the Israelites shall count days and 
years after thee (the moon); a. fr. — [Yalk. Is. 337 *pi3al, 
v. 5ia.] — 2) to appoint, v. infra. 

Pa. ""Sa 1) to appoint, ordain. Targ. 0. Gen. XLI, 33, sq. 
(Y. Pe.); a. fr.— Y. Bice. Ill, 65 c bot. mni*aa J*n*fl3 *,1in 
they wanted to ordain him; ib. d top n^2aa. Ib. n"013a1 
and they ordained him. Sot. 40 a nnsaab n*6» *,331 •OO'^J 
XUJild the scholars agreed to appoint him first; a. fr. — 
Part. pass. xsaa, i?aa; pi. *,Jaa appointed; officer (v. 
n**,aa). Targ.Y. Num. 11,5. Targ. Jer. XXXVII, 13. Targ. 
IChr.IX,19; a.f i\— 2)to assign, commit. Targ. Ps. XXXI, 6. 
(h. text lipBX). Targ. II Chr. XII, 10; a. e. 

Af. i.3ax 1) to register, enter, designate for a share. 
Pes.89 a Xlp^a OT3*tt3t*"tthat he had originally designated 
them for participation in the Passover meal; a. e. — 2) to 
take a vote. Ib. 52 a 13aaMs. M. (ed. *|3iaa, read *|*oaa), v. 

K*$a ii. 

Ithpa. "eanN, XSanx, Ithpe. '■oat-ox, "•aanx 1) to be num- 
bered, counted; to vote. Targ. Num. II, 33; a. fr.' — Sot. 
40 a , v. supra. Gitt. 56 b '31 idUrn V& MfiiXl (not . .X3*aX1 
XdHUn . .) the nobles of Rome have agreed to place thee 
at the head; a. e. — 2) to be appointed; to be ordained. 
Targ. Ps. CX, 4 ; 6; a. fr.— Y. Bice. 1. c. i3anial yh*t* fa in 
t)d3d (read: ftan^ai) one of those ordained for money's 
sake. Ib. (adapting Hab. II, 19) '31 **■» XH£d33 xb has he 
not been ordained for money? &c. lb. "■Sena i*to Vdp sb 
he would not allow himself to be ordained; — 3) to be 
designated for a share. Targ. O. Ex. XII, 4. — Pes. 89 a 
im in bo *ind sins-oa^i Ms. M. (Ms. O. mi in bs *>3ai3i 

n^ind; ed. '31 i3n n">1^S *0a-'31, read 12m 1*13*13* ; v. Rabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note) and let them be designated as participants 
with each of them (and leteach of them bedesignated&c). 
lb. *oana xp *>a l^ntai ind after the lamb is slaughtered 
how can he be entered? Ib. 60 b *C*nnx n'nV'S 1:a*iai (v. 
Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 200) and other persons will be enter- 
ed for a share in it; a. e. 




iy\ 212, 12 pr. n. m. Minyomi, a physician. Ab. Zar. 
28 b (Ms. M. pa^B). Sabb. 133 b (Ms. M. TW«i3; Snh. 99 b 
bot. f*tfte). 

m \~12'V212 pr. n. m. Minyomin. Hull. 49 b , v. J*p T il3?. 
12^212, part. Af. of BR 
^12^212, v. yn^aa. 

; :a, v. w h. 

p^OE, v. p^aw. 

I T : t ' t : 

SJ2T1DE, Y. Meg. II, 73 b , read K^a, 

bC"0Q, '72 m. Caa, v. ac^aan) [badge of office,] neck- 
lace. T Targ. Gen. XLI, 42; a', e. — Tam. 32 a .— PI. i^SQ. 
Targ. Y. II Gen. XLIX, 22. 

nD"GQ f. h. form, same. Pirke d'R. El. ch. XL1II 
11IJX1 n3"i3B3 inlX ItnXI quot. in Men. Hamm. V, ch. V, 
1, 2 (ed. npa^aS) they seized him by his necklace. 

V jC"0Q| "^Q, 2*12 pr. n. m. Minyamin, name of 
several persons; i) M., an Egyptian proselyte. Tosef.Kidd. 
V, 4; (Sifre Deut. 253 yW3); Sot. 9 a ; Yeb. 78 a .— 2) 13 'a 
WW. Meg. 28 a (Ms. M. T^K 13 '33; v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note).— 3) Nidd. 65 a , v. rT^STSa.— 4) Ab. Zar. 28 b , v. "W^. 

fSD, v. Tah. 

V212, T^mQ, 12 m. (b. h.; naa) number, count; bal- 
lot, vote. B. T Mets. 6 b ; Bekh. 59 b , T a. e. 1312 ISOn '72 a 
count properly begun redeems, i. e. if one began to count 
ten or more animals for tithing purposes, and during 
the count one animal died or ran off, those which passed 
the rod are redeemed. lb. IKin 'a3 inb VliaBiK they 
were redeemed by means of the (interrupted) count pro- 
perly begun.— 'ail 31*1, %P» 311, v. "i^2. — Bets. 3 b 131 
'B3 WU5 Ms. M. (ed. 'B312J 131) ; Zeb. 73 a 'a 13 «51B 131 
objects sold by the piece.— Y. Ber. I, 3 8 top 'an b3J lias: 
let us decide by vote ; Tosef Ohol. IV, 2 'ab Has:. Eduy. 

I, 5, a. fr. 'am naSHin blia superior to a previous 

meeting of scholars in learning and numbers. Bets. 5 a 
'31 'a ~ n 1U 'a3ttJ 131 b3 a prohibitory measure passed by 
ballot, requires another ballot to be abrogated (although 
the reason for the measure has ceased to exist). Snb. 
26 a 'an ",a 13*^ .... HOp a measure passed in a meeting 
of wicked men does not count (deserves no consideration 
on the part of successors). Hull. 97 b 'an *jB . . . "pX does 
not count, is not included. — Num. B. s. 1 bxni) 11 "j*:a3 at 
the census of the Israelites in the desert; a. fr. — [In later 
Hebrew: 'a the requisite number of males for congre- 
gational worship.] 

I'DUSrOQ/^DQ/^ ch.same. Targ. Gen. XXXIV, 
30. Targ. Num. 1, 2 ; a.'fr.-Sabb. 73 b "b nab 'a why does the 
Mishnah state the number (39)?; Kerith. 2 b ;— Bekh. 

60 a bot, '31 nxDIE 'a3 nTTW b"Win because it occurs in 

the Persian (?) system of counting that they call ten one. — 
Snh. 36 a ; Gitt. 59 a 'a3 "wn N3X I was one of the voters 
in the school of Babbi, and with me they commenced. 
Y. Snh. I, 18 c top [read:] '31 'aa n^pbo UOK pX whether 
or not I was counted in (to make up the required num- 
ber); a. fr.— PI. K*3?aa, Ttyn, "V. Targ. Num. I, 44; a. 
fr.— Gitt. 1. c. ; '31 IPf^aa inbl3 in all their ballots they 
began their vote from the side benches (with the jun- 
iors). — Sabb. 66 b '31 'a b3 all incantations which are re- 
peated several times, must contain the name of the patient's 
mother ; a. e. 

ItfS^Q m. (Cfn) fan. B. Mets. 86* 'a3 "ft* "WWl (Ms. 
M. a. oth. TpEi3B3) fan me with the (thy) fan; v. nB3B. 

nj^OE, n^lp^Q &c v v. sub 'a^a. 

XtCJC, Y. Meg. II, 73 b , read: XTOm. 

il~«/U (b. h.) pr. n. pi. Minnith, in Palestine. Lam. R. 
to III,' 16 (play on 'a 13n3, Ez. XXVII, 17) "p^B fctbl "«}r1 
wheat dishes without number ; ib. 'a paa3 as many as the 
numerical value of n^aa (500); Koh. R. to I, 8 (corr. ace). 

TV02D, Y. Sot. V, 20 c bot., v. n^23n. 

\yyi2, v. Nion.- [Yalk.Koh.971 -psa^a, v.xbaJTall.] 

D272, Koh. R. to V, 11 Daana some ed., read : paasnx, 
v. oaaa. 

^12212212, Targ. Y. Num. XXVI, 9 Ar. (ed. "ElSa), 
read: TMJtB, v. "jar I. 

"\272, "\212, *\212, ^12 (=)Hya',cmp.i<ii2 II) whence? 
Targ. Num. XI, 13. Targ. O. Gen. XVI, 8 <Y. ",xn "ja). 
Targ. Jon. I, 8 (some ed. "jSa, corr. ace.) ; a. e. 

1102/0, or 11020, Targ. Prov. XXIX, 21, v. n&3. 

IS^DJO, v. iWW, 

^pD2l2, Num. R. s. 12; Sifre Num. 45, v. ^'JOSpON. 

$272 (b. h.) [to cut off,] to withhold, refuse, refrain. 
Pes. 113 b VibsiB Dibsaa att i tin he who denies shoes to his 
feet. Keth. 96 a 'si s-'aia ib^xs nsairba rnabn aaian he 
who denies to his pupil the privilege of attendance, is 
considered as if denying kindness to him. Ber. 10 a , sq. bx 
D^anin "ja lass 3>3a"? must not cut himself off from (des- 
pair of) divine mercy. Gen. R. s. 76, end (ref. to Job VI, 
14) '31 "|Sia n~aa thou (Jacob) didst refuse kindness to 
thy friend (Job) ; a. fr. 

Nif. 53a: 1) to restrain one's self; to shrink. Eduy. 
IV, 8; Yeb. I, 4 '31 KUpb(a) Waaa istb they did not refrain 
from intermarriage. Ib.'3l rWTia pUJia? (nillb) '3 Kb they 
did not shrink from relying on one another in the ob- 
servances of levitical pureness; Tosef. ib. I, 10. Ib. 12 "ja 
'31 prsas (b3N) praaa TTt xb pBOn they did not shrink 
(from interchange) where the case was doubtful &c. ; 
Yeb. 14 b . Gitt. 36 a '31 nilbnba 133B3 they hesitated to lend 
money to one another; — 2) to be withheld. Num. 




R. s. 15 *Bl nnaiBfi nssa? (some ed. n?3a3) joy was with- 
held from the wicked and given to &c. 

Hif. S^San to keep apart. Y. Taan. I, 64 b top •jSHpaa WW 
Ua 11 for thou keepest them (the rain-drops) from com- 
mingling (v. B1E1); Y. Ber. IX, I4 a top "pa^aa (corr. ace). 

V212 ch. same, to diminish; to withhold. Targ. Gen. 
XXII, 16. lb. XXX, 2. Targ. 0. Deut. XIII, 1 (h. text 
S>-13); a. fr. 

Ithpe. SpEWS, fitS"^ \)tobe diminished; to cease, omit. 
Targ. Ex. V, 11 (O.ed. Vien. SSaFP; h. text sna). lb. IX, 
29 (h. text bin). Targ. Deut. XXIII, 23 (O. ed.Vien.S3.aPin). 
Targ. Jud. XV, 7 ; — 2) tv restrain one's self; to refuse, 
shrink. Targ. Ex. XXIII, 2 ; a. e — Gitt. 52 b iSBBTsfc V* 
he might shrink (from becoming a guardian). Y. Sabb. 
VII, 9 b bot. 'pssana j6, v . N"fi; a. e. 

bW212 m. (b. h.; h») lock. B. Bath. 65 b ; Tosef. ib. 
Ill, 1 'ah nxi 1J3H nx the bolt (fastened to the wall) and 
the lock (fastened to the door), opp. to finBa the portable 
key. M. Kat. I, 10. Zab. IV, 3 ; a. fr. — Trnsf. the lock of 
the buttock, anus. Koh. R. to III, 19; Gen.B. s. 17 (some 
ed. ^S3a); Yalk. Koh. 969 ^3>3a; v. ^*»$. 

l y\^12 i y^21Z m. (b. h.; b?2, v. fcgJ) foot-covering, 
shoe, contrad/to Vl3B sole. Kel. XXVI, 4. Esth. R. to IV, 
15, v. TjHK Yeb. XII, 1. Tosef. ib. XII, 10 '31 BISSE 'a3 
with a torn shoe which still covers the larger portion 
of the foot; a. fr. — PI. B^SJB, T^MB. Sabb. 129 a . Pes. 
1 13 b , v. S5Q. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 a ; a. fr.— Kil. IX, 7 p'Wl nfiwSO. 
cloth socfts, v. XCn")^. 


) v. 

^S 3a. 

HDDQ f. (q«) 1) /"an. Kel. XVI, 7 (Ar. XS3B). Yeb. 
63 a *«B13Pn 'a3 Ar., v. t)W ch. — V. »B^3a.— *2) (v. fiBO) 
flag. — PI. niS3a. Mekh. B'shall., s. 2 ni£3B (corr. ace); 
v., however, "jiS^D. 

PnSDQ, Pesik. R. s. 17, read: B^BSa. 

^"ISOiQ m. ([xovotcwXiov) a trading mart enjoying a 
monopoly. Dem. V, 4 'an "ja nplVB when he buys (loaves 
of bread) in a monopolized market (where the numbers 
of bakers and of retailers are limited). Y. ib. 24 d top WB 
'31 'a what sort of a mart? Where there are nine sellers 
supplied by eight bakers, so that eight may have bought 
from one baker severally, but one baker must necessarily 
have supplied at least two sellers. 

D"®2C pr. n. pi. (Mevcp, MefACpt;) Memphis, in Egypt. 
Pesik. R. s. 17 filSSa CpJ ; Pesik. Vayhi, p. 63 b CnS-ia (corr. 
ace.) the Biblical Nof is Memphis ; v. B^BB. 

C2&2C Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. Ill, 1 ed. Zuck., v. D^Sia. 

Tl U!£2T2 m. pi. Mantsfakh, a vox memorialis for the 
five letters (a, 3, s, B, a. ~\) which have separate forms 
at the end of words. Y. Meg. I, 71 d '31 H3^fi 'a the double 
forms for the five letters are a Mosaic tradition, lb. lira 
MDTtfl "$> WtpPtW fiB . . . 'a what does the vox M. in- 

timate? What the inspired seers (prophets) have institut- 
ed for thee ; Gen. R. s. 1. Ib. ; Sabb. 104 a ; Meg. 2 b D^BIX 'a 
Dl"iBN M. intimates that the seers indited them; Num. 
R. s. 18; Tanh. Koran 12. 

Itfrmp^Q, v. Nnrnpwa. 

"Dp2U, Ab. d'R. N. ch. XVIII, end, v. BpVo. 

SI2p3£ f. (EJJ35) holder, ">*il*S 'a a band on which 
various trinkets are suspended. Sabb.59 1 ' (defining J&Bp), 
v. &OXB. 

nTfp^ f. pi. (b. h.; p^; v. npjna) tubes. Men. 97 a 
(ref. to Ex. XXV, 29) B"Bp lb St l n ni*p3B by m'nakkiyoth 
are meant the tubes placed between the show-loaves to 
let the air pass; Rashi : 'which keep the bread clean from 
mould', fr. Sip T 3); v. ?|3BI Pi. — [LXX translates our w. 
with xoaftoi.] 

Nrfl"P j?3Q| #^1\}ZT2 f. pplll) cleanliness. Hull. 
105 b (Ar. "ip3»). Ab. T Zar.'30 a '(Ar. 'ip3B; Ms. M. KWPJM.] 

DpDQ, v. p^ r , a. np.^a. 

S2J"13I2| '~QD rTVba, lamp, Targ. Ex. XXV, 
31; a. fr.— Y. Yonia III, 41 a top, expl. fiSTOS. Gen. R. s. 
63, end (translat. n^Ssn hBX, Is. XXI, 5) 'a T1D arrange 
the lamp; Cant. R. to III, 4 '31 'a na"pst thou (Belshaz- 
zar) hast put up the lamp, kindled the light; a. fr. — PL 
fctPHSB. Targ. Jer. LII, 19 ; a. e. 

ni£j£2 (b. h.) pr. n. m. Manasseh, 1) son of Joseph; 
also the tribe of Manasseh. Gen. R. s. 84 D">;:3l!5b Bin 'a 
Sllpb M. was the cause that the sons of Jacob rent 
their garments (Gen. XLIV, 13; v. Gen. R. s. 91); a. fr.— 
2) M., King of Judah. Snh. X, 2 ; Tosef. ib. XII, 11. Yeb. 
49 b '31 mn 'a M. put Isaiah to death ; a. fr.— 3) M., grand- 
father of Jonathan (Jud. XVIII, 30). Tosef. Snh. XIV, 8 ; 
B. Bath. 109 b '31 'a p "W was he the son of M.? Was 
he not the son of Moses? Ib. '31 'a n'ttJSa PHDS1Z3 "jina be- 
cause he acted like king Manasseh &c. — 4) M., a scholar. 
Y. Meg. II, 73 a bot. 

fcPttto, S^ n. m. M'nashia. Y.M.Kat.111, 
83 c top; Y. MegJlII, 73 b ituma, 8tttT3B (corr. ace). 

TDD f. (b. h.; h3a) 1) portion, share. B. Bath. 12 u 'a 
'31 3133 I sell thee a portion of my vineyard.— "ban n:a 
the king's share (annona). Ned. 62 b ; B. Bath. 8 a , v. rnsa. 
Ab.Zar.71 a ")ba'a ij>3> Ban settle forme the annona (in kind 
or money). — 2) appointment; nsas, nsa hs (abbrev. a"5) 
on condition that, for the sake of. Tosef. Dem. "VI, 13 
•j3 'as las rnrti nso ed. Zuck. (Var. p rvw»b »"s nbnna . .) 

but if he originally had made that agreement (of divid- 
ing the profits) with him. Ib. VII, 3 ibtU nVYjrarnu a"3 
with the condition that the tithes be mine. Y. B. Mets. 
V, 10 b bot. '31 lb mbsb 'a3 with the condition that he 
will give him (as his share) one new-born animal or one 
crop of wool. Ab. I, 3,jt. 13?. Tosef. Snh. XI, 2 i3N 3HT 
riUJlS n 3K " ( 3 a"ri I know (the nature of the offence and 




its penalty), and on that condition I am committing it ; 
Mekh. Mishp. s. 20 p a"S i3X Sl-P (read: a"S1). Kidd. 6 b 
linnb a"? njna a present made with the condition that 
it shall he returned (possession for the time being) ; a. v. 
fr. — Ab. Zar. 37 a , a. fr. ^al "PttJ33>a . . . a"2 laiXfi b3 if a 
man says 'on condition', it is to he considered as if he 
had said 'from now', i. e. the stipulated transaction takes 
retrospective effect when the condition is fulfilled. — B. 
Bath. X, 8 (175 b ) Ihlbn inSO b3> Ar. (ed. VOiaX, v. PO«ia^) 
he extended the loan to him (the friend) on the condi- 
tion which he (the guarantor) offered. 

HDD, ^rjQ ch. same. Targ. II Sam. VI, 19 (ed. Wil. 
XP3a).— B. Bath. 167 a (in a contract) yUJOTDl piR*! n373 
"HX the share of Keuben and Simeon the brothers. B. 
Kam. 113 b X3bal 'a=~ban nsa, v. preced. B'. Mets. 109 1 ' 
~b"n 'a thy share. Yeb. 37 b ; a. e. — 'a bs, v. preced. Targ. 
T. II Gen. XLIV, 18 '31 msta a"5 even if it must be done 
against the will kc.—Pl. btnilaa. Targ. II Esth. II, 9. 

012 I m. (ODa) 1) (cmp. Dapa II) juice. Num. R. s. 14 
(play on mSoWDS, Koh. XII, 11) niia baa (bitter) as the 
juice of bitter things, v. Dapall. — 2) melting, fainting. 
Lam. R. to I, 1 Vina, v. Dab. 

DG II m. (b. h.; =630; nD3=XttJ3) impost, tribute,tax. 
Lam. R. to I, 1 Ynta, v. Bab a. X&a I. — PZ. fi^&a, "psa. 
Y. Dem. II, 22 d top IttJnnnSUJ Ton 'a ^»a the places which 
were made tributary (under Joshua) are considered as 
conquered (belonging to the Holy Land); Y.Shebi. VI, 36 c 
bot. -pOti "ton (corr. ace); Gen. R. s. 98. Lev. R. s. 33, 
end 'si 'an nbsab xbx laoab xb (this nninsi, Deut. IV, 
28) does not mean 'to worship' but 'to serve' by paying 
imposts, annonae &c. lb. ; Cant. R. to II, 14 nx . . . 'ab DX 
•ai ■:-'?;• -pa (some ed. tnDSb) if it be a question of 
taxes .... thou art king over us ... . (we recognize thy 
sovereignty) . . ., but &c. 

#012, S©"72 ch. same. Targ. Prov. XII, 24,v.xnx , TQ. 
— PI. V©?, "pWta' Targ. Josh. XVII, 13; a. fr. 

S&012 I m. ch. = Da I, melting; xn^bl 'a /am! hearted- 
ness. Lam. R. to I, 1 Tilia, v. Gab. 

iS0Zj II m. (XD3, v. np3) pee?, sAore? for taking bread 
out of the oven. Taan. 25 a '21 'a "*Y*K bring the shovel, 
for thy bread is getting charred. Bekh. 27 a limn fib nbplH 
'a she takes the priest's gift of the dough on the point 
of the shovel (to avoid direct contact). 

!KC?3 to melt, v. "Da a. DOB. 

JjSQu, ?S jXOQ m. (nxp) repulsive; unclean. Targ. 
0. Lev. V,'2 (Y.Vxpa). lb. XIII, 45 ; a. fr.— Eduy. VIII, 4 
Ms.M.(ed.nxPDa); Ab. Zar.37 a ; a.e.— P/.pDXDa, *pnxpa. 
Targ. Lev. XI, 26; a. fr. — Fern. &QKDO, XPnxpa. Targ. Ez. 
IV, 14. Targ. Lev. V, 2; a. fr.— Y. Kil. IX, 8JF bot. X3HX 
'a an unclean land (outside of Palestine) ; Y. Keth. XII, 
35 b nnnxpa. 

«"nsoa, v. ivhnBB, 

SriPl^bD, v. xpnoa. 

• t : » « : 

S3S0Q m. (-,XD to tread; v. xrp) sftoe. Targ. Ps. LX, 
10 (ed. Wil.' ■'SDOjpJ.); a. e. — Gitt 56 a 'a XSnbia Wh she 
happened to be barefooted. Ib. b 'a in D""D nin (not 
■>3XDa) he had put on one shoe. Kidd. 49 a , v. X513. Gen. 
R. s. 41, beg.; s. 52, end, v. y^abi-J; a. e.—Pl. *$*&»• 
Lam. R. to I, 5 "^XDa "JT» both my shoes. Taan. 22 a 'a 
ia31X black shoes (worn by gentiles). — Contr. "jOa, X3Ba, 
q. v. 

SSDS&72, Y. Dem. II, 21 d bot., v. XPSDa. 

fcSCSOD m. (XD3 to move; Hif. to drive; v. PI. to 
Levy Talm. Diet. Ill, p. 313 a ) ox-goad. Pesik. Bahod., p. 
153 n ; Lev. R. s. 29; Yalk. Lev. 645 nDXDXa (corr. ace); 
Yalk. Num. 782. [Ar. s. v. IDG: XDDa.] 

"IfctDQ to sate, v. ipa II. 

SnSDQ, v. ra, 

T T : r t : 

StflTSCD f. (XD3; v. P. Sm. 2179; 2391) balance, pair 
of scales.* T&vg, Prov. XVI, 11 ed. Lag. (ed. Wil. Xfipa). 
lb. XI, 1 ed. Lag. (Var. XSXOa, corr. ace; ed. Wil. xnOa). 
lb. XX, 23 (ed. Lag. a. oth. XPfilIJa); v. XPfiDa. 

2012, 3DQ, v. a&rra 

3DQ, '12 m. (b. h. ; nnp) dining couch. Sabb. 63 a top 
'31 nni 'an on a wide couch or on a narrow couch (an 
obscene disguise for a fat or a lean Avoman, v. ""bllto). — 
Cant. R. to I, 12 STpin "in Dan 'on his couch' (ib.), in 

TX2.012, n^PpD f. (preced.) 1 ) banqueting party. Sabb. 
149 b bot.— 2) banquet, dinner. Ber. 52 b df«a P3pa titfo 
T"sb (Ms. M. tPia nnon) the banqueting of gentiles is 
presumed to be dedicated to idolatry. B. Bath. 120 a 'an 
i13pT TIX "ibn in sitting down for a festive meal age 
takes the precedence. — 3) (b. h.) winding staircase. Tarn. 
I, 1 '31 rnbinn 'a the staircase leading (to a well) under 
the Temple. Midd. IV, 5 ; a. fr. 

SrQOD, ^012 ch. same, winding staircase. Targ. 
Ez. xli, 7 (h. text'nno3!).— PI. xpapa, '^Ca. Ib. Targ. 
I Kings VI, 8 (h. text D^blb). 

:7— CD m.(TpD) a netted,meshg plant^erh. pine-cone. 
Par. 111,3 '31 'ai bpa ynirnp (Var. 'a IX) they tied (to the 
top of the rope) a stick with a cone (to which the ashes 
would adhere). 


v. xpn^oa. 

rPDDOD, &*bO"10E, a corrupt, for xb^Boa m. pi. 
(ptiaiuXa) medlars. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. [read:] 'T\n 
"ppbai 'a . . . niiUJI he who spreads (for drying) dates, 
grapes or medlars and gathers them (on the Sabbath). 




"•IpQ m. ("My I) multitude. Targ. Y. Deut. X, 22. Targ. 
O. Gen. XXX, 30 ; a. e.-[Targ. Is. V, 24, v. "japa.]-V. "\30III. 

XTilDO,v. aispa. 

13CD m. ("\3p I) greatness. Targ. Is. V, 24 (ed. Lag. 

™lijD/2 m. (b. h.; 130) 1) enclosure. Ex. R. s. 15 bS31 
mosa'an he locked the enclosure up before it (the cattle). 
Y. B. Kam. V, 4 d bot.; ib. VI, 5 ,J bot. (in Chald. diction) 
'a nb mxi (not mb) when it (the stack of grain) has an 
enclosure around it. — 2) locksmith; (allegorical ly) scholar. 
Snh. 38 a ; Gitt. 88 a j v. 130. 

M~);jPQ, flpQ ch. same, enclosure, prison. Targ. 
Ps. CXLII, 8. 

M 'HjjpQ pr. n. pi. Misgaria, in Babylonia. Kidd. 72 a 
(RashY: S^IVOa). 

ri")3pQ f. (b. h.; 13tt) Wm. Men. 96 b iniatta the rim 
of the table; Succ. 5 a ; Yalk. Ex. 369. 

HOEl, v.'toa. 

T\U12 f. (b. h.; np3) trial; wonder.— PL nigra. Pesik. 
R. s. 33. Deut. R. s. 7, v. noa. 

' T T 

fcnnpQ m. (*fl*l) witness. Targ. Job XVI, 19. 

"ID/G m. (noa ; cmp. Opan) a liquid substance used for 
curdling. Gen. R. s. 4, end 'a bll) nnx ns^w one drop of 
m'so. Ib. s. 14; Lev. R. s. 14; Yalk. Job 905. 

ICQ, Sabb. 78 a , read Avith Ms. M. "j&a^OXa, v. ipX. 

n^SIG, v. rwwtes. 

ni^CQ m. (aap; v. napa) reclining; invited guest. 
Lam. R. to IV, 2 (in Chald. diction) 'a nx mb thou art 
not invited. — PI. "paiOa guests, dining party. Gen. R. s. 
71 '21 a"SSX Wl nxb V© 'a ail (not -p^Bb) most of the 
guests (assembled at Boas' wedding, Ruth IV, 11) were 
d escendants of Leah, and yet they made Rachel the chief 
person (placing her before Leah); lluth R. to 1. c; Pesik. 
Ronni, p. 141 b (not "pitta); a. e. 

SrVQ^lOQ f. (xap; v. xrriap) keeper of a wine shop. 
Ab. Zar. 70 b tftib tfrbpvb niOal 'a *Wl Ms. M. (ed. in- 
corr.) a shopkeeper who gave her key in charge of a 
gentile woman.— [Sabb. 105 b Alf. Ms. 'tta, v. xmaisa. 

J^bZl'lDQ m. (bap) load. — PI. ^=aiOa. B. Bath. 86 a 
•vaitvT'ttaa Ar. (Ms. H. "^apa, Ms. M. "^axtta, v. Rabb. D. 
S. a. 1. note; ed. "^boxna q. v.) in the case of loads of gar- 
lic (which are not packed in bags or baskets). 

ar-Qion, v. MTtfea 

t t : : 

1 'JIlDZj m. pi. (WD; cmp. ;pp) low border-marks (v. 
tt£/tta). Y. B. Bath. II, 13 b bot. '31 'a "pasi fb*tt if part- 
ners of a property divide off between one another by 
means of border-marks (which can easily be stepped over), 
they may object (to opening a school ; v. Tosef. ib. I, 4). 

nipQ m. (b. h.; Mitt, Ges. Thes. p. 941) cover, sheath' 
TWttMJ 'a the (iron) sheath of the ploughshare. Tosef 
Kel. B. Bath. I, 7 (R. S. to Kel. XXI, 2 UWaail) 'an). Erub. 
22 :i Ms. 0., v. Xltea. 

j I \012 m., "1 llOT3 f. pi. (preced.) veils, masks. Lam. 
R. to IV, 3, v. Kiii\ 

^OQ, v. EflR. 

"H©Q load, v. xitea. 

"j"IDQ, T'DD, Lev. R. s. 22, beg. tb, v. *$£. 

"J21M m. (poll) critically ill. Gitt. VI, 5 'an t]« the 
same applies to one taken sick; Y.ib. 48 a ,sq.'31 "p SpttJ bs 'a 
m'sukkan is he who was suddenly overcome, contrad. to 
nbin. Ber. 62 b Kin 'a latt Kim and he thought his health 
was endangered (by a delay); Tam. 27 b Kin 'a Xab"H ; 
a . fr._Fem. maitta. Hull. II, 8 'an nx oniirn he who 
slaughters a beast which threatens to die. — [Midr. Prov. 
ch. XXII Wp -pitta, v. pttl]. 

rjD^oa, roD^ioq, v . t,cdp. 

K^DiDQ, S^HDiDQ m. (ISO) stopper. Sabb.lll a 
bot. fKeth. 6 a ; Bekh. 25 a xn^WI 'a (Ar. s. v. 120, a. Ms. M. 
a. F. Sabb. 1. c: 'altta) the stopper of the brewing boiler 
(made of soft material, as rags &c). 

^blM,»^Oa, Q^blOD, D^DD, read: 

{^11 13^1073 m. (denom. of O^bltt) a shoe consisting of 
a mere sole. Yeb. 103 b bl 'an bl3ttb "JIB to exclude the 
sandal which consists merely of a sole and has no heel; 
Yalk. Deut. 938 'iiblOa, '"^bttia; Kidd.l4 a sq. D^blttab CJ1D 
(Ar. tt^blttb). 

O n E10D, v. o^pa. 

HEfiDE, v.iatt. 

(SblDQ m. (Otta; v. ttttan) stomach (of man). Koh. 
R. to XII, 4 (ref. to mna, ib.) )tra 'a mbl *"5 because 
the stomach grinds no more; (Sabb. 152 a 'ppTlp; Lev. R. 

s. 18 ttttan). 

SxTOp'toQ m. pi. (u-eaoaxuXov, -a) inter columnia- 
tion, space between Uvo columns. Y. Ned. Ill, 37 d bot. X3X 
'a ^Sam bs> milX . . . man (not "^ais) I saw the tanned 
slough of a serpent stretched over eight intercolumnia- 
tions; Y. Shebu.III,34 d 'V^tt1tta K^an b3J T^p*, v. X11X II. 

&O01&D, v. nbttaoa. 

rilBlDQ, Tosef. Sabb. VIII (IX), 22 ed. Zuck.. v. 


S^lOU NHTplOa, v. next w. 

SrOj?"l©D f. (pp?) ascent, step. Targ. Y. I Num. 
XXXIV,*4 (some ed. KnVplOa; Y. II Krllippa). Targ. Is. 
XV, 5. — PI. y^p/iSO. Targ. Y. Ex. Xx/23; a. fr. — Targ. 

Ps. CXX, 1 Vawm y t ptUU ^5 (ed. Wil. ppi&a) on the 
rise of the depths (v. Succ. 53 a ) ; ib. CXXI, 1 T*£5W3 e d - 
Lag.; ib. CXXIII, 1 ""ppa (h. text nibsan).— [Koh. R. to 
XII, 5 fplOa 'JOP r-N (not ■p'maa) are there any steps 
to go up?, a Var. lect. inserted in the text; v. Xppa.] 

Srp ? iDl2 f. (preced.) going up. Targ. Y. I Deut. 
XXXII, : 49- 

""i iC2 m. ("pa) informer, traitor (delivering Jews into 
the hands of the Roman government). B. Kam. 119 a "paa 
'a the property of an informer. Ker. 2 b ; B. Kam. 5 a Ms. 
M. (ed. "Cia, corr. ace); a. ir.—Pl. rYHtoa. Y. Sot. IX, 
end, 24 c , a. e. tfl "t a (studying Greek was forbidden) 
on account of the informers (whose familiarity with Greek 
tempted them to treason, v. Bab. ib. 49 b ). R. Hash. 17 a 
ttn 'pBTOTl (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 50) the heretics and 
the informers.— Fern, trftoo. Midr. Till, to Ps.XII snr 
'"j) 'a -jraix (ed. Bub. nx~"Ca tTV&Wt, corr. ace.) may 
thy own people turn informer against thee; Yalk. Ps. G56 

(not iram). 

'P'niDD, Koh.R.toXH,5, read: "P3?*M| r.tHtt$3/)UQ. 

n"j"l©!2 f. (^pa) (a chain of) tradition. Sot. 10 b nt Wl 
':i IWOKQ "~~i" 'a we hold a tradition from our fathers 
that &c. Hull. 63 b "23 bziC TtTQ Cffl as for eating clean 
birds we rely on tradition (there being no rules for dis- 
tinguishing them in the Biblical law).— Esp. the traditional 
Scriptural text without vowels, contrad. to X"ipa the 
traditional vocalization, v. "X. Y. Meg. IV, 74 d bot. (ref. 
to Neh. VHI, 8) 'they explained the reading', 'an rit this 
means the traditional text ; Bab. ib. 3 a mmOan "l^X (some 
eds. miO*3; v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.); Ned. 37 b nmoart. Ab. 
Ill, 13 Ll'Wib 5"0 'a the tradition is the fence for (pre- 
serving the integrity of) the Torah. Zeb. 37 b , sq. "anx 
'a ":~S" X~pa the traditional vocalization is a help (in 
interpretation), and so is the traditional literal text (e. 
g. rzD3, Lev. XXIII, 42, which may be interpreted as 
singular number, and which is read as a plural) ; a. fr. — 
PL Prntao. Tanh. Vaethh. 6 V\ --zzr, "2 £& the tradi- 
tions of wisdom were taken from Moses and given to 
Joshua. — Meg. 3 a ; Ned. 37 b , v. supra. — [n'TSa Masso- 
rah, the collection of textual readings systematically ar- 

NTHi©D ch. same. Targ. Job XV, 18. Targ.Is.XXX, 
11 XWlpa (Bxt. XJiaCa, corr. ace). 

■ D'iDJGi Tosef. Pes. U (HI), 3 'an ed. Zuck. (Var. ntJOH, 
pOaTl), read: PP ff B or pi. nioiin (v. Pes. 40 b ). 

SriDQ f. (=KrWlpn q. v.) bath. Snh. 62 b ; Erub. 27 b , 
.V. tzy\ B. Mets. 6 a , T sq. 'Si ?&3 "USB ... 'a vettn (not n^s) 
there was a bath-house which two contested, one saying, 
it is mine &c. Lev. R. s. 28, end [read :] n"~"C" "a "iDX 
he put on his bathing apparel, v. xrvW. 

JSriCD m. (no:) balance, v. xrxoa. 

TT . - ;' • t _» I 

KTinCQ f. Cnb) bath; bath-house. Kidd. 33 a trti 
'B "^ ST," 1 was sitting in the bath-house ; v. tfrflOa. 



U npij m. ^t\xS)squeezingappliance,wringer. Tosef. 
Kel. B. Mets. VI, 7 nVl bttJ 'a a wringer on hinges. 

HZTHC12, Targ. I Sam. XVH, 6 (Kimhi in ed. Ven. I 
XEsna), read: X£pna (v. ppr;) scaly. [The entire clause 
XO^>*p . . . X1L"n:n 'ai is a misplaced and corrupted gloss 
to verse 5, ref. to WttpVp "pi-raji of the text, v. ?z\l a. 

t ; • J 

^IH^r m< P 1 - C"^; cm P- ^""P*) feasters, those 
who feast mourners. Targ. H Esth. I, 2 (3) 'a ^nap ed. 
Lag. (ed. X^nOa, VtHMMi, corr. ace. ; ed. Frf. SWtl'TO). 

SrnCC, SPinC/G f. (np:) l) =xnpa balance, pair 
of scales. Targ. Ps.' LXII, 10. — PI. xrxnpa. Targ. Job 
VI, 2 ed. Lag. (ed. Wil. xr.npa). Ib.XXXI, 6 xnnxcaMs. 
(corr. ace.; ed. KftTpgn). Targ. Y. Deut. XXV, 15 (not 
'xrta). — 2) weighing counter, esp. butcher's stall. Hull. 
132 b 'a 52p he put up a permanent stall for selling meat. 
Shebu. 42 a '31 'ax r.rrmx you sat by the stall and took 
jour (advanced) money as the meat was being sold. B. 
Kam. 23 b '=1 'as aTl (sell your animal to the butcher, 
and) sit by the stall and get your money (v. Rabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note); a. e. 

&OTJD/2 m. (Ithpe. noun of 220) = n^p-X, porch, 
esp. dealer's stall with a bench attached to the house. Y. 
B. Bath. II, beg. 13 b 'a Th r,z — r* . . p2T sold his dwell- 
ing and reserved for himself one porch. 

Nr"3TJp22, HD f. same. Cant. R. to VI, 12 pX 

'zi 'a wnrib 'b=rt>a son (not (rtihb) if he looks up to 
thatstall where he used to sit tailoring &C.-P/. xr""2"22a. 

Y. Bets. I, 60 c bot. ^l KtT«nn 'a to s6 sit not on the 

outer benches of the hall of Bar Ula, for they are cold. 

HI jt2t?Q f. h. same (cmp. KIJO&W, T«Bt£K). Y. Kil. 

IX, 32 a 'a 3"5 ",ira placed on a stationary stone bench, 
opp. n-j^a, couch. Y. Erub. VII, 24 b bot. '31 ">:S bs 'a HtW 
(not iTTtBS) if he attached a porch along the whole front 
of the wall.— PL r/P^ppa. Y. Pes. V, 32 c bot. p-"r Ttl 'a 
■pnb they made for them projecting boards (along the 
wall, that they should not step on the blood; Bab. ib. 

65 b i;aa:rxx man, v. xapp^x). 

SDVt2DD,Targ. Is. XXX, 11 Bxt. Lex. p. 1462, a cor- 
rupt., v. xrnisa. 

Ti!2QH m. (ipp) a blow, slap. Tanh. Haye 3 'a fssO 
he slapped him in the face; a. e. ; v. "ippa. — Pl.'py^zi. 
Yalk. Koh. 968 (play on TX, Koh. II, 9) rxr ' fr f uft p nnin 
•b niar x-n 'an trnbv . . "'? r,a--pr: the lesson which 
I learned with 'heat' remained to me; ... the very lesson 
which I learned with (my teachers') slaps stood by me; 
Koh.R. to 1. c. rWprt px:: ^TBN t W p& -r-abr r,-iln So 
"b (corr. ace.; v. Matt. K. a. 1.). 

"p-iT^CE secret, v. TTppa. 





"^QQ m. Opp) one who diverts judgment from its 
straight path (=h. "pi fitta), prevaricator. Targ. Is. LVIII, 6 
'a yn (h. text naia).— Gen. R. s. 50 (fictitious name of a 
Sodomite judge) "pTtttJQJ B"i (— fp ippa, some ed. "pTtaOa, 
corr. ace.) Chief Prevaricator (Snh.l09 b WH ibna); Yalk. 
ib. 84 (corr. ace). 

""TOpE, v. preced. 

"j "I2D/G f. (u.a<7Ti)rT)) ^ttm mastic. Gen.R. s.91 end; 
YaIk.Gen.149 (expl.a'?,Gen.XLIII, 11; ed. KJWSJ^rOSatia, 
'3a2£la corr. ace). Tosef. Sabb. XII (XIII), 8, v. D?V. 

D'H'TaDn, v. next w. 

ptov, -a) secret. Midr.'Till.'toPs. IX, 6 "OK ill "p-naSTo 
'31 ed. Bub. (ed. *p*nnDa, corr. ace.) this secret I reveal 
to thee. Gen. R. s. 50 ; s. 68 '31 'a "rbaiD ^"SJ because they 
revealed the mysteries of the Lord (Gen. XIX, 13); Yalk. 
ib. 84 "p*nnoa. Gen. R. s. 71 'a "fcsn secret-keeping, dis- 
creet men. Ib.s. 98; Tanh.Vayhi 8; Pesik.R.s.21 B^aoa 
(corr. ace). Y. Gitt. II, 44 b top 'a 3TO a secret letter ; (Y. 
Sabb. XII, end, 13 d 'pp'naoa rfra) ; a. fr.— Targ. Y. I Gen. 
XXVIII, 12 "pTDtja (some ed. " , F«pa, corr. ace). Targ.Y. 
Num. XVI, 26 "papa (some ed. "p^apa, corr. ace). — [Gen. 
R. s. 50; Yalk. ib. 84, v. ^apa.] 

TApQ m. (naO) slap in the face. Ex. R. s. 15 'a nap, 
'a pBO, v. "riapa. Num. R. s. 20, end '31 1HX ^atoa "JW 
he slapped one of the boys; (Tanh. ed. Bub. Balak 30, 
note 175 -iaoa).— V. "riBOO. 

yntada CtDtjg, laaa), v. r?**?* 

|1p"''™)'pCD m. (jxixjTirjpixov) of a secret nature. Y. 
Sabb. XII, end, 13 d , v. ffBtSQ. 

n D"!t20E, v. V^B^SO. 

m 'Ol2, f \U12 (b. h.) to melt, flow) to cause running 
off, effect curdling. Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXVIII, 25 K?1U 
ripa^ that the manna might not melt. — Denom. ioa. 

Hif. fipan to cause to flow. Ib. to Ps.VI,7 rpp bTirifi 
'31 inaa Hpaai ed. Bub. (ed. nnaai) he began to weep and 
make his bed flow with (his) tears; Yalk. Ps. 636. 

Pi. nsa same, to dissolve, weaken. Deut. R. s. 7 (play 
on ni&a, T Deut. xxix, 2) '3i ymta rrisaa rvoari the 
plagues weakened the bodies of the Egyptians; Yalk. 
ib. 940. 

Nif. iipas to be melted, to fall away. Tosef. Sot. Ill, 4 
rvpaS rOT* her thigh will fall away. 

"Dp, fcsOD ch.same, to /2om;, weft ajeay.Targ.II Sam. 
XVII, io **rr 6aa (ed. Wil. iXfi Af), v. Opa.— Part. ibB, 
f. iTpa. Targ. O. Num. V, 21 (ed. Vienna fcTpa = fc^paa, 
v. infra). 

Pa. "^pa to cause melting, falling aivay. Targ. Ps. 
XXXIX, 12 tV$g. Targ.Y. Num. V, 22 SOpa^X^paab.— 
Part. pass. Kpaa, ipaa, f. &Opa(a), v. supra. Pes.28 a Rashi 
nsaa xb is not dissolved in water, v. G^Xa. 

Af. ^pax same. Targ. O. Num. I.e. ; a. e.— Targ. II Sam. 
1. e, v. supra. 

Ithpe. h panx to be melted, fall away. Targ. Num. V, 
27. Targ. O.Lev. XXVI, 39 (v. Da^); a. fr.— Targ.Y. Gen. 
VII, 21 "pannx (not nnx ; h. text 3W1). 

Ittaf. K/qtft same. Targ. Ps. LXXVIII, 6 Ms., v. C^xa. 
Ib. LXVIII,' 3 Ms. (ed. Ithpe.); a. fr. (in Ms.). 

5tf n <DQ, Targ. Is. Ill, 20 ed. Lag., v. X^a. 

fc'TOQ b x"<&aa, v. i&a. 

D n DD, Targ.Y. Gen. IV, 8 pBX 'a some ed., read: np">a. 

petdo, arfiPba, v. SU b m 

r • : t : • : "i 

n"*DQ f. (tiaa) melting, losing courage. Yalk. Ex. 
251 ; (Mekh. B'shall., Shir. s. 9 Ht;i»a). 

NS n1 OQ, v. rhfBo. 

I^bn, v. -jioa. 

JllD^pD f. (T^C, IK/'. T^Tl nx Ipii) easing one's 
bowels. Y. Yoma III, 40 b bot. ns^at) (corr. ace), v. l&Bn. 

n> n bQ, TItOU f. (b. h.; &0 II) path, road. Yalk. 
Deut. T 907, v. W.— PI. ni^pa, '^)pa. Ber. 59 b ; Lev.R. s. 
23 Dtt'ftpan 0^333 the planets on re-entering their peri- 
odical orbits. 

D' 1 a' 1 pQ,(Oap' 1 I3, / p ! )Q) m. (a popular corruption 
of semissis) semissis, a Roman value, equal to half an as 
or six ounces. Tosef. B. Bath. V, 12 fWnWIp "TO '^a a 
semissis is equal to two quadrantes ; Kidd. 12 a ^2113 OaOa 
•ppSllalp; Y. ib. I, 58 d "©a oaSVTlp "W.— PI. y & v nqi q, 
ppap^a, ■pp'^apsia. Tosef. 1. e 'D^a i3U5 1C3^K an as has 
two semisses ; Kidd. 1. e '^aOia ; Y. 1. c. pDiaiOa. 

OUTDID, a species of wood, v. Oapa III. 

•^ria^pD, v. xnapa. 

2 n DQ, Y. Taan. IV, beg., 67 b , v. S*ptt. 

CD^DD m. (=:p£t>a; CfO; cmp. GB^pB, OBP? with 
which our w. interchanges) border-mark, partition con- 
sisting of wooden or stone pegs, contrad. to its^na or bm3 
partition wall. Erub. 72 a (Ms. O. twice DE^OB, v.Rabb.D. 
S. a. 1. note 10), opp. to rTlttJS ns^tta a partition ten hand- 
breadths high. B. Bath. 2 b XabS-'B. 'aB (Ms. M. TP^pBB, v. 
Rabb. D. S. a. Lnote) where there are only pegs as border 
marks, opp. bWO. Ib. bot. 'aB (Ms. M. 'OB, emended 'Da). 
Ab. Zar. 70 b ; Y. ib. V, 44 d bot. 'an nplVnn "ISM a court 
which is divided off by mere marks (cmp. "pJflOa). Tosef. 
Sabb. VIII (IX), 22 [read:] 'a imujsb ^3) Var. ed. Zuck. 
(ed. niBlba) large enough to be used for a marking peg. — 
PI. Tpsppa. Yalk. Ex. 422 [read :] nbiJa^a nriuss i^n 'a -pas 
a sort of marks were on top (to distinguish between the 
Holy and the Holy of Holies; ib. 370 '31 TWi "pOBOB "a=). 




p^D/Q m. (pda) oftue harvest. Y. B. Bath. Ill, H a top, 
v. "WHS I. Hall. Ill, 9 'a TVn olives collected at the regular 
harvest, opp. dlp^S Tl*H gleanings (v. d1p^3ll); Y. Maasr. 
V, 51 d top (not p^a). Y. Yeb. XV, 14 d 'a d3331 ■ffiCJ KIT 
when the grape-cutting is over, the olive-harvest begins; 
a. e. — V. np^da. 

p^OQ* part. ^/". of pd3. 

p"0Q I m. (pd3) reaching definite conclusions, decid- 
ed. Hor. 14 a , v. fiirpp.— V. pd3 ; . 

p^OD II m. (pes ; sub. d^da &c.) owe who levies con- 
tributions, in gen. a Roman collector, oppressor (interch. 
with p**D). Tosef. Ohol. XVI, 13 (ed. Zuck. p^sa); Y.Pes. 
I, 27 c ; (Bab. ib. 9 a , a. Ab. Zar. 42 a '310). — PI. f^fX B. 
Kam. X, 5 'a imbd31 and government officers confiscated 
it. Ib. 116 b '31 'xa . /Da naKI "jKa he who reads massikin 
is not at fault, nor is he who reads m'tsikin (ref. for the 
latter to pCtO, Deut. XXVIII, 57, for the former to Chald. 
riNpO for bxbx, ib. 42). Y. Sabb. XVI, end, 15 d ni03>b "jSId 
'an thou shalt be forced by the officers.— Y. Dem. VI, 25 b 
13125 'an ",a it means that he rented the field from the of- 
ficers (who had confiscated it). 

fctj^SOch. same.-PZ.^piSa. Targ. Y. Deut. XXVIII, 
42 (hJtext bubs, v. B. Kam. 116 b quot. in preced.). 

np n DD f. =pida. Sabb. 17 a .— PI. nipda. B.Bath. 
36 b 'a UJblD three olive-crops. 

"p^p'SD, v. Kn^pi'da. 

rFPOC f. (*ida) 1) harnessing, taking possession of 
a working animal by an act resembling harnessing. Kidd. 
I, 4, v. rndia. Tosef. ib. 1, 8 n^diai . . ib -ida 'a K^n irK 
(ed. Zuck. n-Tdlal, Var. n")diad) what is m'sirah ? He (the 
seller) hands him (the buyer) a bit and he harnesses it 
(the animal); Kidd. 22 b '31 ninK 'ad I2£i3 what is bim- 
sirah (Kidd. I, 4)? He seizes its hoof, hair &c, a. fr. — 

2) handing, delivery. Gitt. 9 b , a. fr. 'a "ns, v. rnd ; a. fr.— 

3) levy. Cant. K. to IV, 4 (ref. to Num. XXXI, 5) . . fi^SttJ 
'ad . . twelve thousand men were raised by levy, opp. 
Md13d as volunteers. 

]"H"pE] m. pi. C*n&) rebels, v. "pj^O. 

TOUD, STOE, v. i*;. 

n n D/2 m. (rind) stone-cutler. Pesik. S'lih., p. 166 a ; 
Talk. Num. 744, v. 00a. 

HC?2 I (b. h.; denom. of T^da) to temper, mix wine 
(cmp. 57a). Ab. Zar. 58 b , v. Ma. Num. R. s. 10 nsda p 
':i Eve mixed wine for Adam. Ib. '31 p d">3dia V*l they 
mixed strong with light wine; a. e. 

!]CD II (b. h.; denom. of n3da I) to cast (metal). Y. 
Ber. I, 2 d top; Gen. R. s. 12, end T|dia Ar. (ed. Y. Ber. 
Tjd13 ; Gen. R. psia), v. dbia — [Yalk. Ex. 165 nsdaa, read 
foda, v. r ( id.] 

^'012 m. (b. h.; 7|3d H to be clear; cmp. aia) clarified, 
mixed drink. Ex.R.s.42, end (play on ridda,Ex.XXXII,8) 
'n Tus>a Kin© -y'da -pa pn»ap 3"p the gold in the calf 

weighed 120 centenaria, corresponding to the numerical 
value of mesekh (drink) which removes He (the Lord, 
i. e. leads to godlessness). 

rfDQ m. (b. h. ; Tj3d I) web, screen, curtain. Num.R. s. 6 
'31 *&tt Tjda the curtain for the gate of the court. Yalk. 
Ex. 372; a. e. 

&C&Q, Sabb. 96 b , v. Kdd3 III. 

HD0/Q I f. (b. h.;Tjd3) molten image. Snh.l03 b (play 
on is/xxviil, 20 '3i nsdam) 'a ib nosn am ia 133 d3i3 
n*ix should a molten image be made a rival to him 'who 
gathers the waters of the sea together like heaps'? ; Num. 
R. s. 7 ; Yoma 9 b . Sifra K'dosh., beg. (idols are called) 'a 
d^dld^S dnttJ ©":> massekhah, because they are cast. 

fDOft II f. (b. h.; "3d I) web, garment. Ex. R. s. 42, 
end (ref! to Ex. XXXII, 8) T '3l viOa rYhrtfb TWbDK Irtjri 'a 
a bad web have you woven for future generations (follows 
the Chaldaic translation). — V. Fc&a. 

rOOQ III (homiletic play, =ns i&a, v. *qt$ thus 
healing. Ex. R. s. 42, end [read:] -p . . . Kin idlld *,nub 
'31 ',niK KS"ia i3K (v. "'Enid) it is a contraction; the Lord 
says, 'Shall I thus cure them?', as we read (Ex. XXXII, 
8 — 9): 'They have made themselves a molten calf... 'and 
the Lord said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and 
behold, it is a stiffnecked people' (i. e. it is incurable). 

POD, SD^QQ, W?tp_, m\2^012, v. i?da, 


"DQ72 m. (next w.) poverty. Cant. R. to I, 4 (inter- 
preting '13 :dda, v. 'ddall; strike out nnx ia*i) "^ddaa 
nsi13 "pnK out of my poverty, we shall run after thee. 

I^CQ I m. (b.h.; *|3d I) poor man /(adj.) scanty, scarce; 
trnsf. mean. Midr.Prov! ch. XXII T«na "Jdlda Kin© 'a the 
poor man is called misken, because he is sparsely supplied 
with means of livelihood; Lev. R. s. 34 ifD. KinilJ i35a 
bdb he is called misken, because he is despised of all men 
(ref. to Koh. IX, 16). Ruth R. to I, 1 (ref. to Koh. 1. c.) 

Kin© ia 'a ma kpk rrrwi rrnta 'a n\n© »"i b« maan 131 

'31 li-imd ''ltd was the wisdom of R. Akiba who was a 
poor man despised? But what does misken here mean? 
One who proves himself mean by his own words (not 
practicing what he preaches) ; Koh. R. to 1. c. [read:] KbK 
lildld 'a Kin© n ; Yalk. Ruth 598 T*lTO 'al Kinn KbK 
WO (insert inasn). Koh. R. 1. c. p30a»1B to KbK 'a -pK 
lildl (not "pd&aO) behold, a misken is none but he who 
makes his words appear mean. Ib'. to IX, 15 K"i1p nabl 
'31 "pKI ni^dn ?3d ''isa ISiKlU 'a iniK and why does the 
text call him (the good genius in man) misken (scarce) ? 
Because he is rare among men, and (mean) because the 
majority of people do not listen to him; ib. to IV, 13; 
a. fr.— Yalk. ib. 979; Y'lamd. to Num. XXIV, 5 quot. in 
Ar. nmn ildla 'aO, read: Vndld 'affl, v. supra.— Denom. 





"{SCQ II, TSpD to make poor, make contemptible. 
Koh.R.*toIX, 16,v.preced. Ex.R.s. 1; Sot. ll a (play on 
nfeSOO, Ex. I, 11) "jnipm nx ni32022113 (read: "(TWO) for 
they (the buildings) impoverish their builders; Yalk. Ex. 
162 ni330212) (corr. ace). Cant. R. to I, 4 (play on i33tf:2, 
ib.) [read:] nxro "pinx i?i33ea make me (Israel) poor, 
and we shall run after thee (v. preced.). 

Ithpa. "|2c-?nn, Nithpa. "j302ri3 to become poor. Sot. 
1. c. TKJWO 'pKO pOWl P3 whoever makes building his 
business will get poor ; Yeb. 63 a ; Ex. R. 1. c. ; Yalk. Ex. 1. c. 

TSOD, ND?Ca, *?C>D, 'DTD m. ch. - h. to i. 

Targ. Koh. IV, 13, sq. Targ. 0. beut. XV, 11 ; a. e.— Y. 
B. Mets. II, 8 C top 13 U»iX a poor man. Y. Peah VII, 21 b 
top; a. fr. — PI. l p?»tJO, N*?"?02, "W30j '*«. Targ.Y.Deut. 
1. c. (notp3~02). Targ. Prov. XXII, 7 ; a. e.— Y.PeahLc. 
'2? 5?B1... 3iT gave his son Samuel money to distribute 
among the poor. Y. Hag. II, 77 d bot.; Y. Snh. VI, 23 c "jinn 
'31 '2 let the poor come and eat it, that it may not go 
to ruin. Y. Sot. Ill, 19 a ; Y. Peah VIII, 21 a bot. .."©I tffr 
'-2 1X190 . . used to give him the tithes of the poor every 
third year; a. fr.— Denom. : 

"liCu, "TSpQ =l?P^ H, to make poor, reduce. Targ. 
Ps. LVI, 8 (h.'text 1W), Ib. XCIV, 5 (h. text rt»). Targ. 
Job VI, 9 (h. text NSW); a. e. 

tood, arTOqa/ n ?&a, "na f^preced.^m^, 

scarcity'. Targ. T 0. Deut. Vlil,V(ed. Vien. yni*w). Targ. 
Job V, 11 "»a 1231X those black from starvation (h. text 
D^-rtp); a. e.— Lev. R. s. 35'; Pesik. Shim'u, p. 117 a ; Yalk. 
Lev. 670; Yalk. Is. 256 '31 WW? '2 "W poverty is as be- 
coming to Jews as a red line on a white horse; Lev. R. 
s. 13 rWOSWJ (read xni3i302). 

Sr^»D/C f. (preced.) making poor. Targ. Jud. XIV, 
15.— [Targ. Ps. XXXIX, 12, v. Xii13D32.] 

rocDqq, v. i\t;t>. 

TCDE f. (b. h. ; Tpo 1) 1) web on the loom. Ohol.VIII, 4 
nOTEn "2 the spread web, i. e. the web hanging from the 
transverse beam (vestis pendens, v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Tela). 
Kel. XXI, 1 'an U5S3 the woof, opp. to lEW inil) the warp 
of the standing loom. Midr. Till, to Ps. XXXVIII ; Yalk. 
Ps. 733 '31 '2rt 13X we are the web, and Thou the weaver ; 
a. e.— 2) (crop. Lat. textus) construction, Talmudic treatise. 
Ruth R. to II, 9 (play on 7(5>:j, II Sam. XXIII, 16) MjttBS 
'31 ns3p1 '2 (not XH302) he (David) constructed it and 
fixed it as a rule for future generations that the king 
forces the road &c. (v. Snh. II, 4); Midr. Sam. ch. XX; Y. 
Snh. II, 20 c top. Sabb. 114 a , v. H^O; a. ix. — Pl. niP302. 
Midr. Till, to Ps. CIV, 25 '31 131 'art IPX those are the 
systematic collections of Bar K. &c. Num. R. s. 18 DH2UJ 
'2 sixty Talmudic treatises [editions, however, count sixty- 
three] ; TanK Korah 12; Cant. R. to VI, 9 (not nm . . .); 
a. fr. 

XPCOD ch. same, text, treatise &c. Snh. 49 a rrnSH 

t : v - » 

'23 1FJP a legal subject had just been opened for them 

(for discussion, and he would not disturb them). Hor. 10 1 ' 
'31 *|?B '2 *pn2ip1X have you put up such and such a web, 
i. e. have you mastered this and that subject? 

Jl^pQ, v. rbyq. 

fcrbCQ m.php)rejectable, drossy. Targ. Prov. XXVI, 
23 ^XBOS (h. text OiJPO C]03). 

POp x02 m. (v. PObo) hair-dresser. Lam. R. to 1, 15 
(expl. T nVp, ib.) [read:] '•prmx IWMPa JSffl pi023 "|p"iD 
'2 np1102P he combed them (carded their skins) with 
an (iron) comb, for in Arabia they call the hair-comber 

N72pD, HElpP f. (K»6) closing a cavity, '2 ",3X, v. 
•|3X. Nidd. 69 b '2 pio when the apparent corpse lies on 
a stone under which there is a cavity; Sabb. 82 b (Ms. M. 
X2012, v.Rabb. D. S. a.l. note). Sifra M'tsora, Zab., Par. 2, 
ch. Ill; a. fr. 

D^QOQ, v. 0202111. 

DjQOQ I (v. 002) to melt, dissolve. 

Nithpa. 0202H3 to be molten, to be in a state of dis- 
solution or liquefaction. Hull. 45 b , v. Tata, Ib.53 b "nann '3 
if (in one spot of an animal known to have been attacked 
by a beast of prey) the flesh appears decayed; ib. isiri 
'3 i2*i what do you mean by 'decayed' (Answ.) XBilhlU P3 
'31 what a physician would peel off, until he comes on 
sound flesh ; ib. 77 a OaOam Y. Ter.VIII, 46 a top 10202ni312J 
ri^sa h 33 (a melon) the core of which is liquefied. 

DQDQ ch. same, 1) to melt, make faint. Targ.Y.Deut. 
I, 28 101202 (not "pi202; h. text 102(1).— Y. Shek.V,48 d 
SOS2 02022 "ran pi nfi Bab. ed. (v.Rabb. D. S. a. 1. p. 43 ; 
oth. ed. 020; Ms. M. 120) which wine loosens the bowels. 
—2) to soil, make loathsome. Hull. 18 a xniB3 nip 012022 
the authority soils the meat with dung, so that it can- 
not be sold &c— Part. pass. D2O22. Ib. 28 a rTOTp '22 13 
5*21 its throat stained with blood; ib. 53 b . 

Ithpa. 02D2piX to be dissolved, melt away, perish. 
Targ. Job IX, 23 (h. text Pi*0). 

&Q0Q II (cmp. ttJ2U32) 1) to press, squeeze. — Part. 
pass. 020122 mashed, shapeless. Num. R. s. 14 (play on 
nin2u:2 T , koh. XII, 10) rvha on 01020122 oixxiionm rwwa 

'31 when they (the words of the Law) come out disfigured, 
they are bitter (drops) to those who hear them; v. 02 1; 
Y. Snh.X, 28 a bot— Nidd. 24 a (p02012) Dip20l2 liSBID 12 
(= '122) a foetus whose face is mashed, contrad. to flim'J, 
v. niO I. — 2) (cmp. "pax) to press, urge, esp. (of medical 
treatment) to sustain vital energies. Gen. R. s. 82 ~p 
'31 nu3S3 p02022 this is the way they stimulate the vital 
energy of the travailing woman; (Yalk. ib. 136 p3HD2); 
Yalk. Is. 263 rWlfi HX p02021tf (corr. ace). 

DDpQ ch. same, 1) to press, squeeze. Hull. 4 a 02022 
101202 fii? he holds the bird's head closely in his hand 
(so that no mark, if there was any on it, could be rec- 




ognized). — 2) to stimulate, sustain strength. Yeb. 42 b 
'31 PP& MKMCWU she may sustain the child's strength with 
eggs and milk (replacing the mother's milk). 

Ithpa. OaOOPiK, "a^x to be squeezed, mashed. Y. Yeb. 
VIII, 9 a top; Y. Sabb. XIX, 17 a bot. [read :] in rrt T&T* 
WW nn Oaoa"a T3 10 a son was born to him with his 
membrum mashed, and he died. 

OECE III, C"ECE m. (v. Oaca I) po/wAed wood, 
prob. (=5.13:: x, cmp. 1*0) coral-wood. Hag. 26 b 'a iba Ms. 
M. (some ed. C"aoa, read O^aOa; Ar. OO'Oa) vessels of 
pohshed wood, opp. to Diaboatnto; Men. 97 a .— [Kidd. 12 a 

Z"Z", v. 6VW.] 

hcece, v. nz?z-2H. 

T T : ~ T T : - -: 

&CDECE, Targ. Ez. XLIH, 14 Ar., v. Wffijba. 

"iECE m. (b. h. only in pi.; 130) 1) a pointed object, 
nail, pin. Sabb. VI, 10 (67 a ) aibsn fQ 'a (Y. ed. 3&ttl '2) 
a nail from the gallows of an impaled convict (used as 
an amulet). Kel. XII, 4 r~i;n "a the blood-letter's pin (v. 
infra) ; rYCffBtl "3X Vl) 'a the style of the sun-dial ; ''Will '33 
the weaver's pin. lb. 5 'SI tPprtTtt tJ; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. 
II, 14 'ai lapSHJ '73 an iron pin which was bent in order 
to be used as a key. Kel. 1. c. "W&ID bllJ 'a the banker's 
pin for fastening the shutters, v. D*"W.— Num. R. s. 14 83*18 ' - 
HMJlttJ lb a nail which has abig knob. — Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. 

IV, 3 '31 13 DSin tWtA '33 HTX13 niUSTB bpa a staff to the 
end of which a pin was attached for the sake of taking 
hold of the threshing floor (of making it stationary) ; ib. 

V, 10. Ib.B. Bath. VII, 2 '=1 V» 'an Bin the builder's cord 
to which a pin is attached (i. e. plumb-line). Ib. B. Mets. 
II, 11 SJTW1 "a the scraper's pin (fastened to the smith's 
block); a. iv.—Pl. tf n otjtj, } ' f yJQti , nilapa. Gen. R. s. 68, 
end. B. Bath. 7 b '53 na rap drive nails into it, i. e. re- 
member it well. Tosef. Kel.B. Mets. II, 11 nVott) "flWl nbia 
'"3 a store-keeper's bowl (?) studded all over with nails. 
Tanh. B'haal. 15 (ref. to Koh. XII, 11) 13X1 rtTlOBjaa 3TO 
'al 'a "piip it is written k'mishm'roth (like guards) and we 
read Wmasm'roth (like nails) to teach thee, if thou drivest 
them like a nail into thy heart, they will guard thee; 
Num. R. s. 4. Esth. R. to VI, 10 '731 D^bsn . . . ">3X I pre- 
pared for tbee ropes and nails (for impaling) ; a. fr.— 2) (pi.) 
cloves. Num. R. 1. c. D*WB3 '732 ... "pair as sweet to their 
hearers as cloves. — 3) a peg-shaped attachment to a loaf, 
knob. T'bul Yom I, 3 I33n mxr *a the knob on the 
back of the loaf (supposed to serve as trade-mark). — 
4) a wart or corn (cmp. Lat. clavus).— PL r&VtSQ. Sifra 
Thazr. Neg., Par. 1, ch. II '7311; Tosef. Neg.II, IS tTKOOon 

lECE, cOECE ch. same, pin, nail. Targ. Y. Num. 
XXV, T 3.'— Y. Hag. IH, beg. 78 d '21 '73 in 3^03 mi in '» 
each took one nail and drove it in. Y. Pes. V, 32 b top 
[read:] X13033 -p3> swap xn let this be fixed in thy 
memory like a nail; Y. Yeb. XHI, 13 c top niaO">aa (corr. 
ace.) ; a. e. — PI. "-a--, Rvns&a, W*1 . . . Targ. Jer. X, 4 ; 
a.e.— Y. B. Bath. II, 13 b bot. [read:] ffrub 'pV'K f t Uili 
n*bl131 '73 refused to one another the fastening of the 
weaver's pin to the party wall. — [Xixca, v. 1730.] 

rH12D12 f. wart or corn, v. 1730a h., end. 

NFlECE f. (D10) one of the marked-off tiers or settles 
of the altar (v. Midd. IH, 1). Targ. Ez. XLIH, 14; 17 (ed. 
Lag. '73ip73 a. '73073 ; ed. Wil. first time xnanpa, Ar. xroaOa ; 
corr. ace. ; h. text niTS). 

"jOE, WOE m - ( v - *»X0a) 8hoe - Tar S- °- Gen - XIV ' 
23. Targ. Ez. XVI, 10; a. fr.— Lam. R. to 1,5 rT*r<1 'a m 
one of his shoes; "jlT! '73 in the other shoe; a. e. — Kidd. 
22 b bot. "WOTS (prob. to be read: "^XDT?) my shoe. — PI. 
y:073, X*3C3. Targ. Josh. IX, 5 (ed. Wii. 13073). Targ. Is. 
IH," 18 (h.text 0^032?).— Hebr. pi. O^Spa. Y. Pes. X, beg. 
37 b , v. brfis. 

S3 QE> v. next w. 

fcO^Q^ m - C\\Z>) pure gold. Targ. Is. XIII, 12 (ed. Wil. 
X3pa; ed'. Lag. n330a; h. text Ona). 

ni2pD f. ("|30) strainer; the strained mass. Sabb. 
XX, 2 (139 b ) blin ?72J 'a a mustard mixture in the strainer 
(v. Rashi a. 1.). Ib. 134 a lbtt 'aa . . . "pSDa "pK you must 
not strain a mustard mixture (on the Holy Day) in the 
strainer designated for it. 

NFOOE * (preced.) sieve, basket. Y. Dem. H, 21 d 
bot. Ib. X3X03 (corr. ace.). 

CCE (b. h.) to melt, dissolve. 

Nif. 0733, 0733, eia" 1 ?, OB" 1 ? to melt, be liquefied; to fall 
away; to faint; to despair. Ex.R. s. 25 ipOlEr? (Var. TpE^) 
they faint. Yalk. ib. 251 "p0733 iVWtfl they began to lose 
heart; Mekh. B'shall., Shir., s. 9 Danb. Deut. R. s. 1, end 
'21 13* 1 ? or^Pi may this man's (thy) eye run out. Maasr. 
I, 2 lOXTTEa 0"aiain pomegranates are subject to tithes 
when their core becomes pulpy; expl. Y. ib. 48" bot. 
'21 baiX 1573^71373 (cmp. 0730a II) when the eatable portion 
(core) can be mashed under one's fingers; [anoth. definition 
taking our w. in the sense of falling away, diminution; 
nsno tFXSMBQ when the ripening core is reduced to half 
the capacity of the cavity, — upon which the remark is 
made, 1333? ",ia?S . . . 10an . . . Xab^l perhaps he learned 
it from the homiletical teachers who interpret hemassu 
&c. (Deut. I, 28), they divided our hearts (an allusion to 
Num. R. s. 17)]. 

Hif. can to cause to melt aicay. Deut. R. s. 2, beg. 
(ref. to Ps. xxxix, 12) 'ai nnix npan . . man ba (not 
mix) all the delight which Moses longed for, to enter 
the land, — thou hast caused it to decay as a moth enters 
garments and makes them decay. V. npa. 

CCE ch. same. Targ. II Sam. XVH, 10 ^Oa^ Oaa(ed. 
Lag. "<ca Xca73), v. "ra. 

Ithpe. ccanx to melt, decay. Targ. Ps. LXXV, 4. — 
[0133X, v. D^xa.] 

DCS m. stomach, v. coan. 

^COE, v. xcsoa. 

T T .- T t - 

&O1T300G, v. absitaoioa. 




3?©Q m. (b. h.; SD3) removal ; journey ; station. Cant. 111,6 'ab 'aa from station to station; — ■K.tYlSfcO 
{fern.). Snh. 94 b '31 503 'a *WS that wicked man (Senna- 
cherib) marched ten journeys in thatone day;Yalk.Is.284. 
Tanh. B'midb.2 , aa*,!T3S' n:*31 and it (the well) went with 
them on their journeys; Num. R. s. 1. Tosef. R. Hash. 
Ill (II), 3 "031 and the signal for marching (Num.X, 2-8); 
a. fr.— Pesik.R. s. 16 tnsoan the marches in the desert.— 
[Tosef. R. Hash. II (I), 2 niSOa, nvsoa, v. rtWtfflB.] 

"T^DO m. (ISO) assistant, attendant. — PI. D^SOa. 
Par. Ill, 6 ty ng bO b31 n-iB the red cow and all her at- 

nT2DD, v. rwtea 

"I9DQ m. (b. h.) = 1Bpn. Lam. R. introd. (R. Joh. 1) 
'a "plttjip D3b na why do you compose these lament- 
ations?, v. IBpn. 

1DCQ, HSpn, fcHSpD ch. same. Targ. Gen. L, 
10. Targ.Y. Deut. X, 6 ; T a. e'.— P^. VfiJ^OO. Targ. Am. V, 
16 (ed. Lag. a. oth. sing.). 

rnpspa v. npnj?. 

fcT^SpQ m. ^SO) fearfulness. Targ. Job XLI, 17 (Ms. 
'B^pa; h.'text nfeJ).' lb. XXXI, 23 (ed. Lag. WO] Ms. 
Var. X^Ep; h. text «*$). 

pBDl2, " l Q m. (pEO II; v. pEO) s£mi£, dilemma; dif- 
ficulty. V. Sot.' in, i9 a hot. nni-ian nin '72b nass fte'ten 
she placed herself in such a dilemma (to be suspected of 
adultery and to have to drink the waters of jealousy). 

Y. Gitt. VIII, 49 c bot. 'si hin "iab -jass o^snb n'wi na 
what was thy reason for taking such a responsibility (by 
deciding in favor of a lenient opinion)? — Esth. R. to 11,3 
ran 'an "H^b ISO they (the Persian matrons) came to 
that trouble (to have to compete with all maidens of the 
country) ; a. e. 

NpSpQ, Hp^CD m. (pSOU) 1) sufficiency. Y.Ber. 
IV, 8 aT tbp [read:] T \ttMa warm verm Kin b3b 'a -jb rrw 
3*ou have enough material for each Divine Name out of 
them (the combined benedictions); Y. Taan. II, 65 c top.— 
2) Pa. of pEO, q. v. 

")9CE m.(b.h.;iEO) number, count. Cant. R. to VI, 9 
(ref. to II Sam. XXIV, 9) '31 p3an nt 'a mispar means 
counting, mifkad, summing up. Pesik. R. s. 11 'a Vn they 
were a limited number; 'an xbttJ innumerable; a. fr. 

HSCQ, SHBpQ m.(lEp) tool for cutting hair, razor, 
scissors. TargT 6. Num. VI, 5. Targ. Ez. V, 1 (not 'Da); 
a. e.— Snh. 96 a 'a "4 inn (Ms. F. xn"]Bpa) give me a razor; 
ib. XHIBOa n^P 13m ; Yalk. Is. 276 NiSOa. 

D n 1^BpD, D";"^SpQ m. du. (preced.) shears, scis- 
sors. Kel. XVI, 8 'al niBOa pV\ the sheath of a shearing 
knife or of scissors. Y. M. Rat. Ill, 82 a top 'aa with scis- 

sors, "pO a. msoa; Bab. ib. 17 b ; a.e.— [Tosef. 
Kel. B. Mets. IV, 5 D'nBOa ed. Zuck., read S^a^a.] 

nnDpQi rniSCTj f. (preced.) shearing knife, clip- 
ping tool Kel. XVI.8, v. preced. M. Kat. 17 b , a. e., v. 
preced. Kel. XIII, 1 (Maim. '1B0a,ed.Dehr.niB0a). Tosef. 
ib. B. Mets. Ill, 4 B^plB bo 'a shears consisting of sep- 
arable blades; Sabb.48 b ; 58 b 'IBOa. Tosef. Bets, ill, 19, 
v. ISO; a. e. 

- T ' 

srnD&a f., v. iBoa. 

t : - : - ' T •• ~ 

p'OlZ (denom. of a noun pOa, fr. p03 to ascend) to 
harvest olives, opp. to C]p3 to pick, glean. Tosef. Dem. 
VI, 6 ts^nn pioab mm . . . ba-ptfJ biOa -1 if an Israelite 
rented from a fellow Israelite ... his olive trees for harvest- 
ing, the rent to be payable in olives; ",aiB3 pICab Wn 
payable in oil; Y. ib. VI, 25 b top. Neg. II, 4 '31 poia3 in 
the position of one taking olives down. Tosef. Toh. X, 4 
1p T Da xblT IS before he plucked them ; a. f r.— Part. pass. 
plOa; pi. "ppioa. Tosef. B. Mets. IX, 1. — Denom. pica, 

p©72 part. Af. of p03 T . 

SfJOD m. (p03) ascent— PI. ppoa. Lev.R.s. 18 ; Koh. 
R. to XII, 5; v. Krvnirra. 

N3SP&D, v. at3pca. 

t It : - T ' T 1 " 

DIpDD, Y. Bice. Ill, 65 d , v. OlpOai. 

SDppQ m. (pes) 1) ascent, height, steps. Targ. I Sam. 
IX, 11 (ed. Lag. UOXppa). Targ. Is. XXXVIII, 8; a. e.— 
2) final result, upshot. Meg. I4 b "Wh "Wl 'al and so it 
finally came to pass. 

"j^ppD, v. txrnpioa. 

SiHppQ f. pi. (preced. wds.) going up, procession. 
Targ.IIChr. IX, 4. 

HDQ (b. h. ; sec. r. of 10X, cmp. meanings of b. h. 150) 
1) to seize (v. Num. XXXl/5). —Denom. ni^ea 1.— 2) to 
hand over; to deliver, transmit. Ab. I, 1 '31 S'lOal and 
handed it (the Law) over to &c. (in the chain of tradi- 
tion). B. Mets. 8 b (expl. ni^pia) '31 131 Ipian tfM/Q like 
one handing over (giving possession) &c. Ib. lll b bot. 
(expl. 1ES3 nx Kffl3, Deut. XXIV, 15) 11TB3 n k S 10aC 131 
■rfss Ms. M. (ed. "lOian, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) a labor 
for which he binds (obligates) himself; [oth. explan.] ib. 
112 a nn^ab laSXS nx 'a (Ms. M. Vb& 1U5E3 lb 'a) he deliver- 
ed himself to death, i. e. risked his life ; (Ms. M. for which 
he surrendered his life to the employer) ; Sifre Deut. 279 
11I3B3 nx -]h 'a he surrendered his life to thee (the em- 
ployer) ; a. v. fr. — bs "pi 'a to surrender one's case against 
a man (to Providence); v. yw. B. Kam. 93 a ; R. Hash. 16 b ; 
a. e.— Esp.a) to surrender a person to the authorities, to in- 
form against. Gitt. 7 a nlobab D^pab "vfai it is in my power 
to bring them to judgment through the (Roman) govern- 
ment. Tosef. Ter.VIl, 20 '31 *npa-; xbl cbl3 'BWi let them 



all suffer death rather than surrender one Israelite &c. ; a. 
fr. — V.*rtea. — b)ios?'o (sub. ttrrob) to suffer martyrdom. 
Pes. 53 h '31 rmvip b? , ya» -TWOO who were ready to suffer 
death for thesanctification of the Name (of the Lord). Talk. 
Ex. 182 '=1 n-^r PWfaan IWW a people that is ready to 
die for the unity of my Name; a. fr. — Part. pass. "WOp; 
f. rTIWO; pi. D^KDO, "p-flC"; HV 'W OU. Kidd. 32 b ; B. Mete. 
58° '21 3% '~r; "ai to an injunction which is entrusted 
to the heart (over which human authorities have no 
control), the Text adds, 'and thou shalt be afraid of thy 
God.' Mekh. Ki Thissa (ref. to 035, Ex. XXXI, 14) C33 
raaA 'o =rx "XI '_ r-r the Sabbath is given in your 
charge, but you are not surrendered to the Sabbath, i. 
e., there are higher objects for which the Sabbath law 
must eventually be violated; Toma 85 b ; a. fr. 

Nif. IOCS to be delivered, transmitted. Num. B. s. 4 
IfftjU TO ri~~"C5 the birth-right (priesthood) was trans- 
ferred to him. B. Kam. 82 b WTO D^Op: "p» they will 
not be given into your hands, you will have no power 
over them; Men. 64 b . Y. Yoma III, 40 d bot. Tsoa rrn xb 
'31 it (the pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton) was 
not communicated to any but &c. ; a. fr. 

ICE, ("iDC) I ch. same. Targ. Gen. XXXIX, 8. 
Targ. Am. I, 6. "Targ. O. Deut. XXIV, 15; a. fr.— Part, 
pass, "-tr:; f. X--CO; pi. "TCP; rT<&U Targ. Num. in, 9; 
a. fr.— [Targ. Y. II Gen. XVI, 5 ym Y*n&0, a corrupt., 
prob. to be read: ~2" PFHtXO; cmp. B. Kam.93 a .] — B. Mets. 
8 b -:p"b"i n-*r la xp "XO who is there to deliver it to him, 
that he might take possession? Y. Yoma III, 40 d bot. X3X 
"tt ITff ICO I will transmit it (the pronunciation of the 
Tetragrammaton) to you. Koh. B. to III, 11 [read:] rvx 
f"P; "riDUtCl 533 13 "OH is there a person here to whom 
I might communicate it?; ICO"'; " r X ~- when he was 
about to communicate it. Kidd. 12 b '3*1 X3HV2 "ni who 
enters a protest against his own letter of divorce. Ber. 
20 a '31 TIT«Blfl -ICO Xp TBI were ready to suffer martyr- 
dom for the sanctification of the Name ; '31 "iJ^OO X3 OX 
we are not ready to suffer &c. ; a. fr. 

Ithpe. ~3"rN, "ico*X to be surrendered, transmitted ; 
to surrender one's self. Targ. Lev. XXVI, 25. Targ. Ps. 
LXXIX, 11 ; a. e.— Gitt. 66 b "-CO"; ; 29 a ","lCBO, v. x'^O II. 
Snh. 26 a ""CO"*; have decided to surrender (to capitulate). 
Koh. E. 1. c. ico-o rrb "iCO^o rP&S bop xbl (some ed. 
!"pb ico^ob) he declined to have the Tetragrammaton 
transmitted to him (v. Y. Yoma 1. c). 

"1C/Q II, Pa. ")®/2 (denom. of tf-C-a) to saw. Targ. 
Is. XLIV, 13. Targ. II Sam. XII, 31 (ed. Wil. ICO); Targ. 
: Chr. XX, 3 (ed. Eahm. IXOO).— Part. pass. iCpp. Targ. 
Kings VII, 9. 

i&O m. (b. h. "riap; ic:) a tool with rough edges or 
teeth, file, sate. Sabb. XVII, 4 bTOJl 'o saw for cutting 

rood. Kel. XXI, 3 ; Tosef. ib. B. Bath. I, 8 'O ?ttJ ",030 
iinan the frame of the saw. Y. Succ. Ill, 53 c bot. 'O "pOS 

saves serrated like a saw, v. b*p; Tosef. ib. II, 7; Bab. ib. 
J4 a 'ob no*,1. Gen. B. s. 6; Midr. Sam. ch. IX, V.1C3; Ex. 
B. s. 5 '03 (Var. lpep3); a. e. 

811 p-\Ct 

^"lD!2 ch. same. Targ. Is. X, 15 (ed.Wil. X^Cp).— PI. 
•,^0O. Targ. I KingsVn, 9. Targ. II Sam. XII, Vl ; Targ. 
I Chr. XX, 3 (ed. Bahm. 7-XC-). 

S3"j0/2, vl. ?0"IOO, v. isrco. 

T • t I * '-it: 7 't:-: 

' 2 ]Cu pr. n. m. M'sarbay, by-name of the family 
of Jojarib. Y. Taan. IV, 68 d '31 xn^i "ICO 'O he was sur- 
named M., because he surrendered the Temple to the 
enemy ; 13 irnoi rraUJ bs . . 3"nri rT\ . . the Lord went into 
judgment . . . because they rebelled against him. 

■)£■]&£, MSIM m. (3^0 1) rebellious. Targ. Ps. 
LXXVIII, 8 (ed. Lag. pm BO, Var. ■pltJO ; ed.Wil. "POIOO 
{pi. followed by sing. TO-IO; Ms. ynmoo). Targ. Is! 
LXV, 2. 

""HOE, v. vv/n. 

N2n [CD m. (crro) 1) impatient, impetuous. Targ. 
Prov. XXI, 5 (h. text "l/X). — 2) rebellious.— PI. fOrnoO; 
Targ. Y. Deut. XXXI, 27. Targ. Ps. LXVI, 7 ed. Will (ed. 
Lag. fOfrngo; Ms. "plISTiCO; h. text d"n")0). 

" JS3n I^D adv. (preced.) impetuously. Targ. Prov. 
XXV, 8 (h. : text nno). 

"prncQ, v. -,3-ico. 

It-::-;' ' r ■. - ■. 

■pnirnpa, pirr^Dp, v . ^meo. 

n5l"lOQ, Y. Ned. VII, beg. 40 b mblbsi "o, a corrupt. 
for",:^ _ s ; 3-3"2 m.(|xeXi!J!j6cpuXXov, cmp.Syr.'pVslSlccbno, 
",V31SlCi3"o, P. Sm.2025; 2091) Melissophyllon,melissa or 
baum, an herb (v. Sm. Ant. s. v.); v. XTsppn. 

pTlCD, v. pioo. 

np1"|pI3 m. (pno II) hair-comber. Lam. B. to I, 15, 

v. nbcbpp." 

?| n "!tDQ, v. rpq-g. 

^IDD, v. ttp T nop. 

ISrPlfcE, v. xrvico. 

H"1CD m. (tj'TO ; v. T("]0 I) band with which the saddle 
is fastened around the ass' belly. Tosef. Sabb. IV (V), 2 
fa'TOOTl rx llEp^ xbttJ (v. ed. Zuck. note) he must not tie 
his band ; Sabb. 53 a 13"l0O3 13 -nUJpi xb'iJ Ms. M. (ed. 

",31-iCO 13, read: 13i-cp); Y. ib. V, 7 b bot. "OillOon rx 
(read: i3"^optt). 

p")CI2 m. (p^D II) 1) comb, strigil. Kel. XIII, 8 bE 'a 
*,nilPB hackle for flax. Ib. 7 ; T'bul Yom IV, 6 TK1 bo 'O 
hair-comb ; a. e.— Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. IV, 4 pn 13 V3W3 r O 
(an iron) comb to which a sting is attached (an instrument 
of torture cmp. ba*iQ).- 2) an indented attachment to a vessel 




orairfantkc. Ib. 9 'an Vs "flan rtUJ^IU a lamp-chain is con- 
sidered as joined to 'the comb'. Kel. II, 8 "IISIS bttJ 'a; 
Tosef. ib. B. Kam. II, 8 pTiDa, v. "Wn* Ukts. II, 3 'an 
the crown of a pomegranate. — PL nip^pa. Ber. 61 b , a. 
e. VrO ^11) 'a iron combs for flaying, v. supra. 

Sp""lpQ, "H^? Oh. same. Ber. 18 b ^J^pa my comb. 
— PL T?"»Pa, 1T?**J9. Gitt. 57 b fc6nB*l 'an with iron combs, 
v. preced.; Lam. R. introd. (R. Josh. 2); II, 2 "ppiICa 
(not "Jip. . .); Koh. R. to III, 16 XplDa (sing.) 

rnDQ f. (b. h. Pntoa; v. -ip3) a mowM /or frying a 
batter (albn), in gen. paw. Hall. I, 4 'an nbn Ms. M. (ed. 
'ban) cake formed in the mould; Pes. 37 a ; expl. ib. Blbn 
'31 bU) home-made /iaJui (v. oVn I). Y. Hall. I, 57 d , v. 
KB^H III. Y. Pes. II, 29 b hot. 

SripD, '"HOD oh. same. Targ. II Sam. XIII, 9 (ed. 
"Wil. '"npa). Targ. "Lev. II, 5 (also "npa; h. text, nana). 
Targ. Ez. IV, 3. Targ. I Chr. IX, 31 (h. text ffVOn). 

2tf FTpQ, v. wanton. 

n©D f. constr. (b. h.; v. next w.) as much as, in ac- 
cordance with. Hag. 8 a (ref. to Deut. XVI, 10) . . laVa 'a 
'31 inJPjn fcOaa . . Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.) 'in accord- 
ance with' (the free-will offering &c), this intimates that 
one must procure his festal offering with secular money 
(not from second tithe-money). Ib. '31 'a yttl 3>aiT>a ijta 
where is the intimation that this missath means secular? 
(Answ. ref. to oa, Esth. X, 1). 

NP.SD, (Kirn?), "73 f. ch. (DDa; cmp. ^ fr. Ml*) 
plenty, enough. Targ. Pro v. XXX, 15, sq. (h. text yin). — 
Constr. npa, npa, To, TO adv. (=h.^). Targ. II Sam. XXIV, 
16 (h. text -XI). Targ. Ex. XXXVI, 5 (h. text *«»). Ib. 
0. 7 (Y. noias ; h. text BWt). Targ. Prov. XXX, 8 "TttO 
enough for me (h. text ^pn). Targ. Jer. XLIX, 9 y iTW TB 
(h. text B* 1 !) ; a. fr. — 'ap, ('ap), "^ap as much as required. 
Targ. Y. Ex. 1. c, v. supra. Targ. Lev. xn, 8 (Y. ed. Amst. 
'an). Targ. H Chr. VIII, 1 3 'an (ed.Lag.);— V. npipp, 
— *Lev.R.s. 3 "»n&0 Kabste "jinsia snsna no^a it is enough, 
they will pay for it in the hereafter (Yalk. Koh. 971 nrpa). 
—V. aonoa. 

inpQ, v. VHPRq. 

TiFlM, v. inpa. 

pHinOQ m. pi. (inp II, v. next w.) confusion. Yalk. 
Gen. 126 'a* 13, v. B^jiKS. 

fcttTHiFlGQ f. (nnp II) reel. Hull. 60 a , v. *\)ft*i 

KTOQ, ^TOQ, ^ t (denom. of npa) 1) (it is) 
enough'. Targ. Y. T Num. XII, 14 iWipa it is enough for 
her. Targ. I Chr. XXI, 15; 27 r^npa; (Targ. II Sam. 
XXIV, 16 noa).— Y. Keth. I, 25 c '31 WTOJS t<b is it not 
enough for her that she has been raised to priesthood? 
—Gitt. 14 b '31 ninoia Kb (some ed. n^np^a) not enough 
that he did not help us but &c. Ib. 56 b WWl Xp*J TW? 

'31 thou art sufficiently rewarded by seeing the distress 
of thy enemy. B. Bath. 126 a '31 "va j6 was it not enough 
that thou didst sell his property &c? Ber. 55 a rVTWj 
n^npa his joy (over his good dream) is enough for him 
(he must not expect its realization); a. fr. — Yalk. Gen. 62 
HUTU n">bl3T '^a xn this (sample) is enough to prove that 
all the wine is bad; Gen. R. s. 38 Vlpa Ar. (ed. IBtfja; 
prob. to be read: '31 'a IBEa, v. =lBipa).— 2) (v. P. Sm. 2184) 
saturation, plenty. Targ. Job VI, 7 (sec. vers.) nnnl..",l3n 
'31 'a they made me sickly, and thus there was more 
than enough for my meal (h. text *f1S nan, play on ** 
a. W), v. xnil-n. 

"PlTltDD, v. "inpa a. I^BtJO. 

JtfDQFlDQ f. (Dnp; cmp. apix) substructure filled 
with earth, tier; v. xnapa. 

"iFlpZ? m. (b. h.; "ire I) secret. — PL tf*f$tti, T^Wtftt, 
'inpa^ Gen. R. s. 82 (quot. adopted fr. Jer. XLIX, 10) Vfb* 
'31 S^BOB Tnnpa I laid open his (Esau's) secrets in order 
to expose hiVbastards; Yalk. Jer. 331; Yalk. Chr. 1073 
'inoa (corr. ace). Ex. R. s. 19 Tninpa W> ^6t shall not 
learn his (Israel's) secrets. Hag. 5 b iaU3 'ai . . . Dlpa the 
Lord has one special place whose name is mistarim (Jer. 
XIII, 17).— V. y^ppa. 

SHPlpD, Targ. Y. Deut. XXIX, 5, v. Wt3 1. 

fc^/Q I ch.=h. nra, [grain,] m'ah, a coin and a weight. 
Targ.Ysam. II, 36 (h. text rfTOK). Targ. Job XLII, 11 
Ms. Var. (ed. NBim, h. text tr^Up).—PL fVfy W. Targ. 
0. Ex. XXX, 13 (Y. T3a; h. text rTU).— B. Mets. 102 b 
'a nxa 'a nxa KTCOX if he said 'an Istira', (adding) 'one 
hundred m'ah', he must pay one hundred m'ah. Kidd. 
81 a , v. tXS/n. Snh. 26 a ;— STOa=h. nisa, money. Targ. 
Esth. IX^ 22. 

#$P II ch.=h. ns>a, belly, womb. Targ.Ps.CXXVII,4. 

Ib. LVIII, 4 *j2>a *,a (h. text Htia). Ib. XLIV, 26 sosa Ms. 
(ed. VtoVVm h. text 133MB).— Mostly pi. "psa, N^?a, 'a, 
"a; constr. "VSa, bowels, intestines. Targ. Gen. XXX, 2. 
Ib. XXV, 22, sq.; a. fr.— Hull. 93 a SOSa »"h the starting 
point of the (large) intestines. Yalk. ib. 976, v. Strop. Lev. 
R. s. 3 iOSa ^3 (some ed. n*Sa) the small bowels ; Koh. 
R. to VII, 19 [read:] 'a rl3B; T a. fr.— V. M?sa. 

&n!3?Q m. Op>;) doing. — PL riBSa. Targ. Job 
XXXIV, 25. 

t : - : -" 

SDID!/^ m. (preced.) maker; parent. Gen.R. s. 68; 
Yalk.Vs. ! 878 (play on tm, Ps. CXXI, l)^3Bbab D^l'nn bx 
■•S^asaVl (v. lin) I lift my eyes unto the horim, to my 
teacher and my begetter. 

NSTD'IB^H f. (preced.) making, getting. Targ. Prov. 
XXI, 6. 


813 nawn 


XH'D^D m. (13?; v. VFRMft growth. Y. Ned. VII, 

c top ran, v. wyn. 

rniSEjD f. (b. h. rnas?; 133) ferry-boat. B. Kam. 
116 a (Ms. M. nnaro); Yeb. 106 a (ed. Knssa; corr. ace.). 

I2IOT, Toh. X, 5, Ar., v. 1^33. 

'DTQ^E, Lam. B. to IV, 19, v. 1-P3S a. pbn. 

l3>Z3 m. (133) pitchfork for the first stage of win- 
nowing (passing the grain from one side to the other). 
Kel. XIII, 7; T'bul Yom IV, 6. [Ar. reads "TOO, with Var. 
lect. "OSa, ISSa.] 

CN l3>Z2 m., constr. 133a (133) passing, mustering. 
xg. Is! XXX, 32.— V. next w. 

XHZ2E m. ("in?) ford, ferry. Targ. 0. Gen. XXXII, 
33a constr. ed. Berl. (oth. ed. 133a).— Yeb. 106 a , v. 
r-isra. Hull. 95 a Ar. (ed. K"3a). Ned. 27 b '33 l^pOS the 
ferry cut him off, i. e. there was no ferry to take him 
over. lb. 811&31K iba^a 'a the accident of missing a ferry 
can be foreseen. 

Jl l32?Q f. (b. h.; preced.) crossing, esp. the place of 
crossing.— PL 1111333, constr. irhttra. Ber. 54 a D^n 'a the 
place where the Israelites crossed the Bed Sea; yMN I 'a 
where they crossed the Jordan; a. e. 

IX?H23?Q ch. same, 1) crossing, ferry, ford. Y. Taan. 
IV, 68=, sq.— B. Bath. 73 a Ms. F., v. KR33la.-2) (fc3p*T3) 'a 
a parted beard (perh.=13!?a, pronged like a fork). Snh. 
100 b .— 3) Cpbeni) 'a the hollow rim of the capsule of the 
T'fillin of the arm through which the thong is slipped. 
Men. 35 a . 

* 'Xyj2 m. (v. next w.) rolling machine. Sifre Deut. 
229 '=1 WXffo Qlpa Kltt tta3 how large a railing is requir- 
ed around the place where one puts his rolling machine? 
Three handbreadths, opp. to "pOIII tl^S the part of the 
roof used for moving about; Yalk. ib. 930 1pa3?"a. 

t\j m '^12 f. (ba3) 1) roller, a slab for rolling over a 
plastered roof, v. J^rTO. Mace. II, 1; Tosef. ib. II, 3; Y. 
ib.II,beg. 31 c . M.Kat'.1, 10bai31 T<3'a3, expl.ib. ll a -pS3 
'21 'a with hands and feet as with a roller. — 2) a press 
for straightening ivood. Sifre Deut. 308, v. "pa Pi. ; Yalk. 
ib. 942 nbasa. 

1X*y2 m. 1) (b. h.; baS; Siba?) the wagons surrounding 
the camp, ring. Num. B. s. 19; Midr. Till, to Ps. VII; a. 
e.— 2) v. V'Mta. 


r*DJiI/E, v. nl^ya. 

T T -8 - T • -. " 

S"H2E f. with child, v. -h* I. 

t • — : * '■ 

' "PTO2, v. -ww. 

P5Q I m., pi. D^T^Q, ^T®&_ (b.h.; wtwn^ 
■Hi/'.) ftno£s of reed matting; v. "jia. 

fftfi II m., *>*. D n |"I?q, ^"TO 0>.h. ; ft*) *»w»^ 

ties, siveets; abl3 "^l-P the best things in the world. 
Sot. 9 a ; 15 b . Num. B. s. 7 yon -paSia'S 'a b3 they found 
in the manna the taste of all the best things &c. — Y. 
Ber. VI, 10 b top 'a "^a K113 the Creator of various kinds 
of sweet things (fruits &c). Ib. rnjJlStt b31 ^IXn b3 for 
the land (Palestine) and its good things. Gen. B. s. 67 033 
tabl33tt) 'a b3 the taste of all good things in the world; 
Yalk. ib. 115 3^3133 (corr. ace); a. fr. 

""HS^Q m. (b. h. ; 113) mattock, also the share of the 
plough'. Kel. XIII, 7, v. 133a. Tosef. ib. B. Mets. Ill, 14; 
IX, 3 1"nsa. Tosef. ib. B.Bath. 1, 7, v. rtioa. Ib. 8 . . mtT'lflan 
'SpXB the strings and thongs of the share-beam ; a. e. 

"I^3?D ch. same. Targ. Is. VII, 25. 

T\VlZ f. (b. h. pi. ni3a, Is. XL VIII, 19, v. Targ.; cmp. 
next w.) [grain of sand &c.) m'ah, (cmp. nia) 1) a weight. 
Y. Kil. I, 27 a top '31 rTIK 'a one m'ah's weight from the 
top of a melon, cucumber &c; [B. S. to Kil. I, 2: one seed 
taken from the top &c, v. next w.]. — Lev. B. s. 17 'a 
'31 'ai 1133 WlK one m'ah's weight of coarse thread &c. ; 
(Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXIII, 4 niiia).— 2) a coin, corregp. 
to the Tyrian Obolus (v. Zuckerm. Talm. Miinz. p. 4). 
Tosef. B. Bath. V, 12 '31 C]03 'a UJltf six m'ah silver make 
one denar; '31 ""itt? Cp3 'a one m. silver is equal to two 
dupondia; Y. Kidd. I, 58 d ; Bab. ib. 12 a ; Bekh. 50 a . Y. 
v Shebu. VI, beg. 36 d ; a. fr.— PI. f&Bk lb.; a. fr.— rli3a in 
gen. small coins, money. B. Mets. IV, 1, v. SiDp. Pes. 50 b 
W\ flJilaa M1K3ri 'a proceeds from trans-oceanic traffic. 
Ib. 0^1^ 'a orphans' money (invested at half-profits 
between executor and orphans). Ab. Zar. 17 b Q^llS bltJ 'a 
money laid aside for Purim enjoyments; ripIS btt) 'a 
charity fund. Ib. '31 vnisa B1K 'p* Kb one must not give 
his contribution to the charity fund, unless its manager 
be &c. ; a. fr. 

T\VD (or "'^Qjm.; p^.a^^sa.^ya.'^a (b.h.; nis) 
[curve; cmp. bbn,] inside, boivels, belly. Kinn. Ill, 6 TOa 
fmi533 Wa "VJ3 D^bSib its large intestines are used for 
harp-strings &c., v. 1133. Nidd. 22 b ITTO ffra nb tiJi H3a 
has an internal wound (abscess); (Tosef. ib. IV, 3 D^SBSa). 
Y. Naz. VII, 56 c hot. baan ^Sa nnn under the belly of the 
camel ; IfpiSlI *&& 1KV\ under the arch of the »ate. Snh. 

vin, 2 (52 a ) ftna "C3 maim vwa -pnb rtrtn runs into 

his inside and scalds his bowels. Hull. 56 b 'a TO 1PS3 
'31 1-iax by the intestines of birds (Mish. HI, 3) are 
meant the stomach, the heart &c— Eduy. Ill, 3 m33X ^Sa 
the seeds and the juice of the melon (v. preced.). Y. 
Maasr. I, 48 d n^33K 'a? -jlfiBba '^'"'a "p3 na what is the 
difference between the core of the melopepon and that 
of the melon ?-Y. Ter. VIII, 46 a top, v.&a&al.— Tosef. Kel. 
B. Mets. IX, 2 iiblU |*Wd the stuffings of the sofa. 

w?a, v.^ish. 

5™l2l ? l5'73 m. (FOy) dense, large-sized, opp. pT'a, v. ppT 
Arakh. 25 a '^1 i"l3~a Kb neither too densely, nor too sparse- 
ly sown. Succ. IV, 9 (48 b ); a. e.— PI. •,' , 3>iya. Pes.64 b TtTl 





'a ttDB iniX TWfc (not "jniN, v. Rabb. D. 8. a. 1. note 9 ; 
Ms. M. f+BQ, v. rt373) and they called it the Passover of 
the crowded, v. "?a. 

tawo, v. a?a. 

M,M, v.sub'^. 

n Efi2?Q, infin. Pa. of a?a. 

•pawn, ncpf&q, v. fa nam. 

j'^^Q m (denom. of ]"') having many eyes or colors, 
name of a ^>fan£ (prob. iroXo6cpf}aXfxoi; = poucp&aXfioc), 
Chrysanthemum. Y. Kil. I, 27 a , v. d^aisb. 

SOl2?a, v.rpnaii. 

T - T If 

T\y\Vl2 m., fTWQ f. (H*», Pi.) prominent, dis- 
tinguished.' Ber. 10 b (expl! W$S>, II Kings IV, 10) EPS-CD 'a 
the most distinguished room (the exedra); Ned. 56 a (expl. 
irrb&ftj Mish. VII, 4) d^aaiB 'a (Var. T&asaia) the best 
room. Men. 108 b ^rvaatt) 'a (Ms. M. WaattJ rt^bsa) my 
best room. B. Kam, 16 b (expl. W*kfin "ja, Mish. I, 4) 'a3 
1"<Daaatt5 with the best portion of his estate; a. e. — PI. 
d^wa, -pksa. lb. nnsffianir 'a the most distinguished 
of his family; a. e. 

\"uiyl2 adv. (lay) standing, in a standing position. 
Shebu. 38 b '21 'a WOUJ an oath must be taken standing, 
but scholars may remain seated. Ber. 30 a "lafct XldH 31 
'a Eab H. says (he who is walking on the road) must stand 
still (during prayer), opp. ""[Vila; Y. ib. II, beg. 4 a . Sifre 
Deut. 155 'a xb&t 11D3 nil^U) f& no function is properly 
performed if the priest is not standing; a. fr. 

1"$D I m. (b. h.; )W) 1) [selection; cmp. tft%] resi- 
dence, esp. the Temple ; 'an by the Temple ! Tosef. Keth. 
111,2. Tosef. Ker. IV, 4. Num. E. s. 12 ffW&Sa SjjtHJ natt) 
thouhast placed thy residence with the uppermost(angels). 
Koh. R. to XII, 7 tVTD *>3iya my residence (in heaven) is 
pure; a. e — 2) Ma'on, name of one of the heavens. Hag. 
12 b . — 3) [that tvhich is looked for,] sustenance, support 
(v. I Sam. II, 29; 32). Gen. R. s. 68, a. e. bu> iaisa fT'apn 
*,abi3> the Lord is the support of his world; cmp. dipa. — 
[Ex. R. s. 24 lniSia -pra f»0, some ed., read: £SO.] 

J \sl2 II pr. n. pi. 1) (b. h.) Maon, in Judaea. Mekh. 
Yithro, Bahod. s. 1. HTTP 'a. — 2) 'a, also 'a tV<$ Maon, 
Beth Maon, near Tiberias. Sabb. 139 a hot. 'a 1 ! MUD^d "a 
the synagogue of M.; (Gen.R. s. 80, beg. N312a"1 "pnJUirosS, 
read "Wl'Stfl; Y. Snh. II, end, 20 d tfnaioa '33). Y. Erub. 
V, 22 b bot. 'a tV&j Y. Sot. I, 17 a bot. -p^sa iTO (corr.acc); 
Num. R. s. 9 (ed. Wil. p. 58).— [Tosef. Shebi. VII, 13 "j13>a 
N3X Var., ed. Zuck. *j1S>attJ ; oth. ed. "jSa.] 

n&C"13?Q m. (preced.) o/" Maon. Gen. R. s. 80, beg. "tor 
'a Jose of M.; Y. Snh. II, end, 20 d '"Stag (h.); Yalk. Ez. 
357 K^isa tJbTV— K. 'Sgi'too. Ib. 'al ' jUlWOS a; Gen.R. 
1. c. (not WWai), v. preced. 

"13"I3?P m. 1) of Maon, v. preced.— 2) 'a IBs the Book 
M' oni, name of a Pentateuch copy in Jerusalem in which 
'ira was written in place of HSra (Deut. XXXIII, 27). 
Y. Taan. IV, 68 a bot. 'a ISO; Sifre Deut. 356 d^isa btt3; 
Treat. Sof'rim VI, 4 n315>a IBd (corr. ace). 

»1}tPZ3i v. nwisa. 
D^JtPq, v. •wa. 

HDl^D, Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXIII, 4, read with ed. 

Bub. nawa, v. t)ap r . 

mS13?D, read: niiB?>a. 

DH"]3?Q m. (denom. of ai»), UJailJ 'a owe who has be- 
come clean with the setting of the sun (Lev. XXII, 7), opp. 
to av biaa, v. baai.— PL usau5(n) ^iniisa. Par. in, 7; 

Tosef. ib. Ill, 7. Ib. 6 UJatt) "QtWD, UJaia btU *VW& (corr. 
acc.).-Pem. naiWa. Sifra M'tsora, Zab., Par. 5, ch. IX.— 
[a'TWO wiccerf, v. 315 I.] 

■jftiji *ron,^?a, fcp r?n m . (v . ^?> a™^., 

goats-hair, horn &c. Targ. 0. Ex. XXV, 4 iJJWj ed. Berl. 
(v. Berl. Targ. O. II, p. 27, a. Massorah, p. Ill); Y. *jj?a. 
Ib. XXVI, 7 ^SB ed. Berl. (Y.^^'al). Targ. Num. XXXI, 
20. Targ. O. Ex. XXXV, 26 K*»2Pa (ed. Berl. KJf?B); Y 
«M*»5a ('a). 

n3"J!^/J f. (aw, v. infra) a concrete of stone chippings. 
clay &c.; used for paving floors, pavement covering the 
ceiling (CPpfl) of the lower story and serving as flooring 
to the upper story. B. Mets. X, 2 'art nx fvfystl . . "jinnm 
the dweller below must provide the ceiling, and the one 
above the pavement. Ib. 117 a 'al iplTMN 'a the plaster 
preserves the ceiling (thus benefitting the owner of the 
lower story); (oth. opin.) '31 ""TOX 'a it serves only to 
level the floor. Succ. I, 7 'a S"pb3> "piM) filpn a ceiling 
not covered with pavement; a. fr. — [3t5>, Neh. Ill, 8 is 
supposed to mean: to form a concrete for fortification 
2)urposes. — Our w. seems to be a hebraization of aba 
caementum (v. P. Sm. 2137), by confounding it with h. r. 
aba; cmp. Kaba^ri a. aaba.] 

fcO^Q m. (Vis) spinner. Koh. R. to VII, 9 (prov.) 
mrob T sa rnb p^ba p mrobB by b"ns> 'an xaa^rt (not 'sa; 
strike out 3^3 b*1ti, being a Var. lect. or gloss to p^bd) 
as the spinner winds (the yarn) on his distaff, so will it 
get off his distaff, i. e. the rash man hurts none but him- 
self; v. Kd^a in. 

kS>)>U m. (preced.) the yarn on the distaff. Targ. 
Prov. T XXXI, 19 (h. text -jbfi). 

U«rQ (b. h.; cmp. aia) to be thin, minute. — Part. pass. 
awa, f. naira; pi. a-awa, "paiya; niowa. Y. Pes. v,32 a 
bot.; Y. Snh. I, 18 c bot. rriV\ ''aWal mi "id* big in spirit 
(haughty) and small in learning (of narrow capacity). 
Tosef. Hall. I, 7; a. e.— Tarn. IV, 2 nairaa at least (Talm. 
ed. 31 a pWaa, comment, "jawaa on the smallest of the 


Pi. D3JJ3, ~r-3 1) to diminish, reduce; to do little. Ab. 
IV, 10 '31 per- E3TOQ "'" do less business, and busy thy- 
self with the Law. M. Kat 22», v. per. Taan. I, 7 TB3WO 
I':". X-33 we must reduce business transactions, build- 
ing &c. lb. IV, 6 iHHia a ■poyoo 2X 0333123 with the be- 
ginning of the month of Ab we must reduce rejoicing. 
Hull. 60° ~;"^r rs -::;■:' "3b go and make thyself smaller 
(be reduced). Snh. 17 a 03-3::r DCTBarTai P^XIM because 
you made yourselves small (were modest); Num.R. 8. 15. 
Tosef. Evub. IX (VI), 15 '31 D^axs .T^S if he reduced 
the size of the gap by means of stones &c. Y. ib. VII, 
beg. 24 b d"*toa "p::r33 you may use utensils for reducing 
the opening. Bab. ib. 77 b 3a*33 effects the reduction, i.e. 
puts the two adjoining places in the legal condition of 
dwellings connected by a gate; a. fr. — 2) (interpret.) to 
limit, qualify, exclude from the rule. Shebu.26 a 12"in mn 

I'-VZ' -Z" - rr % rr. ':= rx interpreted the entire Law on 
the principle of 'It includes and it excludes', i. e. on the 
principle that if, in the Biblical text, a specification is 
preceded and followed by general terms, both an ex- 
tension ("13") and a limitation (EiyTa) must be found; 
e. g. ib. (ref. to Lev. V, 4) '3", "»0 . . . Wb . . . rs: "X or 
if a soul swears', this is a general expression, 'for bad or 
for good', this limits (the sphere of the law to things 
which are either an advantage or a disadvantage); 'what- 
soever it be &c.', this is again a generalization ; now what 
does it include? All kinds of words (vows); '31 'a 'a ^xai 
and what does it exclude? It excludes a religious act (the 
vow of doing a forbidden thing or not doing a com- 
manded thing). Sifra Tsav, ch. XV, Par. 11 CPOSTa 3X 
'31 r.z'irz 3V"3X x"; totlO -z m iz~ if I exclude them 
(the gentiles) from the privilege of laying hands on the 
sacrifice, which has a wider sphere of application, must 
I not exclude them from the privilege of waving &c.?; 
a. fr. — Part. pass. 03*033, v. BSW, 

Eif. tarvan to do little, less. Ber. I7 a tw "raxn X312 
ero&a XTil rena lest you say, I do much good, and he 
but little; '=1 B"WMan "Xi nr-.n "inx "B^lB we have 
learned, whether one does much or little (they are 
equally worthy), provided one directs his heart &c. ; Men. 
XIII, 11; a. fr. 

Xithpa. -" ore, Hithpa.-V'zr- to be diminished, reduced. 
Erub. VII, 5 '=■ rrrr - pT»l ': if the pile of straw has 
been reduced to less than ten handbreadths. Ib. 54 b ; Ab. 
Zar. 19* -""5" r ne w iH become less (will decline in learn- 
ing). Arakh. 30 b *2" ': if his value was reduced. Tosef. 
Sot. XIV, 10 '31 E^-n '-V'lr: the days were reduced, and 
the yeari shortened. Ib. ta'ltfn tTt f Tf ft Oiian 15-rrr: 
Erarn? the nations began to grow and the Israelites to 
be reduced (in rank). Pesik. R. s. 14 1" --jr^r: he became 
reduced in fortune. Midr.Till.toPs.XlI,end PttPara --Z: 
D«T33* their soul within them shrinks, i. e. they feel jealous 
and angry; Yalk. ib. 659; Lev.R.s.32, beg. rasana (corr. 
ace). Sifra 1. c. r,z*:r r--~;zr: the sphere of the act of 
waving is the smaller one; rT3"W0 r,z"~r: the laying on 
of hands has the smaller sphere; a. fr. — Erub. 80 b ^xa 
03337-: OS! -r: 'it was reduced' (Mish. VII, 7) means, it 
was reduced to atoms, t.XTOOO.— B.Mets.71 a l"-jr-;r-; """:. 
v. 0»a h.— Tosef. Mikv. VI (VII), 14 *"3>ana, v. 7\?~- 

815 *&*?& 

T22?I2 I ch., Pa. DSC same, to reduce; to exclude. Yoma 
74 a '31 'ab .... iX3 13V33 this 'none but' is to exclude 
what (whom)? ... It excludes the king; Shebu. 31 a Ms. 
M. (ed. "piExb); a. fr. 

Ithpe. tfWtJ to be reduced; to be excluded. Erub. 79 b 
blan^xa 'xn when its size was reduced the day before; 
a. e. 

T0&J2 II m. (b. h.; preced.) a little, little. Ab. I, 15 
rati fi!2S1 '3 113X promise little and do much. Sabb. 31 b 
(ref. to Koh. VII, 16) sarPb '3 XH but a little wrong one 
may do?; a. e. — V. 13533. 

"I"— "12, "T^yO m. (",3r) vat or pit where olives are 
packed until they form a viscid mass. Toh. IX, 1 'ail nsi 
the (intended) exudation produced by lying in the vat, 
opp. flEipn rtyi the (unwelcome) exudation originating 
in the pile or basket, v. 3W h. lb. 9 ; Tosef. ib. XI, 1. Tosef. 
Maasr. Ill, 7 'pBSWl Ib. 13, a. e. *,Ol?a. Y. Dem. VI, 2J d 
top ETVn 3*123 '3 a mass of olives from the vat; a. fr. 

&C'.2252 ch. same.-P/. "WO. Snh. ll b (Rashi VenQ ; 
Tosef. ib"n, 6 WCPO; Y. ib. I, 18 d top; Y. Maas. Sh! V, 
56 c top. 

HD'^^Q f. (OC5 II) torap. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. V, 4. 

"•"2, v. nana. 

TO WWti v. vqa. 

X??*VQ, v. xbra. 

U^VT2, ]^7D, v. ra. 

T^o, X3 Vi 3?a,v.rrB,x 3 i53. 

It:— t t : - ' T : -' rr ' 


— T - 1 

J$Q m. (b. h. ; \*9) cloak, robe. Ruth R. to IV, 8 (ref. 
to I Sam. XV, 27) ""2 bl2 iVra whose cloak (did Samuel 
seize and rend)?; Midr. Sam. ch. XVEil; a. e. — Esp. the 
high priest's robe. Yoma VII, 5. Zeb. 88 b ; Arakb. 16 a ; 
a. e. 

5"TO, NT'^Q ch. same. Targ. I Sam. n, 19. Targ. 
Ex. XXVIH, 4 T ; a. fr.— PI. ttyvif . Targ. Ez. XXVI, 16. 

n^-^2 f. (bsa; b. h. bsa) false dealing, bad faith. 
Sifre Num! 7 (ref. to Num. V, 12, sq.) nr© 10*1 PS 'a "nn 
this (context) proves that maal refers to marital faith- 
lessness (not to pecuniary defalcation). Ib. . . . '3 "X 
Tp*B X3X . . nf'ilah everywhere (in the Scripture) has 
the meaning of false dealing; Num.R. s. 8. B. Bath. 88 b 
'31 '35 XOl"! 0"Hp«"! nt this one (who robbed a man) makes 
sin precede faithlessness (ref. to Lev. V, 21), whereas that 
one (who robbed the Temple) makes faithlessness precede 
sin (ib. 15); a. fr.— PI. rtftVO. Num. R. s. 9 (ref. to Num. 
V, 12) '31 ibbfl '3 TUB why this repetition of the stem 
i>S53» — Esp. m"ilah,the laic concerning the unlawful use of 
sacred property (Lev. V, 15 sq ). Tosef. Me'il. 1, 5 * ( 3 . . V^xri 





'an protects the flesh of the other animal from being 
subject to the law of m., i. e. no use made of it is 
considered sacrilege. lb. 8 'a +P NS" 1 is no longer am- 
enable to the law &c; Meil. 2 a . Tosef. ib. Ill, 2 'a "p^rtb 
nbfilS IT to what fund does this fine for mal-appropriation 
go? Mei'l. 12 a 'a ma ma, 'a JO^K the law of m\ applies 
to it; a. fr — PL as ab. Zeb. V, 5 'a D1DN the guilt-offering 
for mal-appropriations of sacred property; &.fr.—M , 'ilah, 
name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta and Talmud 
Babli of the Order of Kodashhn. 

0*581 T$& v - *?*• 

■pgQ, v. )y_. 

1"2?Q> "]"^3?Dm. (b. h.;-)^; cmp.^S) 1) spring, fountain; 
source, issue. Mikv. V, 1. Ib. 3, v. bnj. Ned. 41 b sattri 'a 
a bubbling well, v. ffptti. Tanh. Thazr. 6 'a . . . *13>1I) ^3 
laX3> ^SSa for each bair ... a separate well (which feeds 

it). Ex. R. s. 24 '31 'a rropn soa (not -psa), v. rn*n». 

Gen. R. s. 26; Midr. Till, to Ps. I, 2 i;m»g,,, 11333 the Lord 
held back his germinating issue. Lev. R. s. 32; Cant. It. 
to IV, 12 EfTJTn tin Dim 'a 'a sealed well' (Cant. I. c), 
that means the (pure) males. Yeb. 64 b DTD 'a the well (in 
her womb) is the cause of the death of her successive hus- 
bands. Nidd. ll' J ; ib. 35 b Kin TnN 'a it is one and the 
same source (from which the menses and the blood at 
parturition issue) ; a. fr.— PI. Tfo*9Q, '"^Sa. Ib. B. Mets. 87 a , 
a. e. 'a ">3tU3 like two springs. Pesik. R. s. 42 'aTl *>3 ©31 
'31 tivi he laid dry all the wells (secretory organs) both 
his own and those of his household &c. Tosef. Sot. XV, 
3, a. e. nasn 'a the well-springs of wisdom. Nidd. 28 b 
lTViS^Sa, mrvis'isa his, her (the leper's) discharges ; — 
2) (cmp. iiya) inside, digestive organs. Snh. 81 b ppTaj IS 
WSa until his bowels are shrunk. 

fcO^Q S j"^Q ch. same, belly, ivomb, bowels. Targ. 
Ps. XLlV, 26 (v.Vsa II). Ib. XXII, 11 ; a. e.— Taan. 10 b 
hot. 'a BTOJa to prevent disorder of the bowels; ib. ll a 
'a QHWa *!30p he thought the reason for recommending 
short diet was to prevent disorder of the bowels (of which 
he was not afraid). — PI. 'pS^Sa, "*9$. Targ. Ps. XL, 9; 
a. e. 

T1Cp972, PTDPQn f. (32>a, denom. of WW) a paste 
made of flour on which boiling water is poured, contrad. 
to W=H. Hall. I, 6; Pes. 37 b (Ms. 0. rTOSoH); Eduy.V, 2 
(Ms.M. nosafi) ; a. e., v. nti^bn II. Tosef. Hall. 1, 2 KOWan. 

y>V72, PR}, v. pv. 

Sj2 n !?El I m . (pj|5) oppressor (=h. p^a). Targ. Is. 
LI, 13. Targ. Job XXXVI, 16 (h. text IS). Targ. Esth. 
VII, 4; a. e. 

SSp T <^r II f-(preced.) oppression,distress (=h.i-i]3lYQ). 
Targ. Ps. CXIX, 143; a. e.— PI. XnpiSa. Ib. CVII, 13; 19. 
Ib. 6 'rpsa; a. e.— Op r *Wa, part, f/of pSa, q. v.] 

^•/J (b. h.; cmp. Tpa) to crush; to dissolve by rubbing. 
Lam. R. to I, 1 (TWh) pin ns «SM they crushed an old 
man to death. Yeb. 34 b niaria, v. infra. Tosef. Pes. IV, 3, 
v. infra. — Part. pass. ftBtt; f. Wsa; pi. B-owa, * p ? PM j 
ni3l3>a dissolved by rubbing, crushed. Nidd. 22 b "*9 'a 
pmn a foetus which can be squashed by rubbing, al- 
though with some difficulty. Y. Dem. VI, 25 d top TOT! 'a 
a substance pressed into a mass (as olives in the vat) 
is considered as connected, v. "VQTi. Midr. Till, to Ps. 
LXXIII, 4 rt313>a ed. Bub., v. tfBp.— Lam. R. 1. c. fiOB 
■p313>a (not *|313>a) the Passover of the crushed (crowded) ; 
Pes. 64 b 'a HOB . . . "pafOUJ when one old man was crush- 
ed to death, and they called it &c. Tosef. ib. IV, 3 10333 
'a nOS . . . ^KTU 11 the Israelites entered the Temple mount 
and it could not contain all of them, and they called 
it &c; (Var. "p33>ia the Passover of the crushers; Var. 

•pia); Pes. 1. c, v. rrawa. 

Pi. yjpa 1) same. Nidd. 1. c. '31 pina IPesaa she tests 
the nature of the foetus by pressing and rubbing with 
her nail moistened with spittle. Y. Yoma VIII, 44 d bot. 
i"lbbn fix Tj^a^ "plX you must squeeze the core of the 
olive together (to be used as a standard of size). Yeb. 
34 b rtsrtO 3>3SS<a Tori Tamar destroyed her virginity by 
friction with her finger; (ib. Hbsia brides acting like 
Tamar). Y. Sabb. XX, 17 c bot. TjSaa (Bab. ib. 140 a inaa, 
v. nna). Keth. 36 b ; Gitt. 81 a .— Esth. R. to I, 14, v. 0*a; 
a. e. — 2) (cmp. T^a) to lower. Ber. 45 a iblp fcmprt s^ao* 
(Var. ^-W Hif.), v. T|a3. 

Hithpa. Tjsanrj, Nithpa. .^?aP3 \)tobe crushed, squash- 
ed, rubbed off. Y. Maasr. I, 48 d bot., v. OOa. Pes. 1. c, v. 
supra. Tosef. Mikv. VI (VII), 14 D-iiaan feSfOSWTffl Til quot. 
inR.S.toMikv. IX, 2 (ed. Zuck. "pasana) they are rubbed 
against (and stick to) the garments, v. Y%. Men. X, 4 (66 a ) 
TjSarn itiili that its grains may not be crushed; a. e. — 
2) to be lowered, flattened. Nidd. 47 a , sq., v. CO. 

^yQ ch. same. Part. pass, rpsa having crushed genitals. 
Targ. Y. Lev. XXII, 24. 

Pa. ^Sa same. Gen. R. s. 57, end; Yalk. ib. 102 (play 
on fi33>a, Gen. XXII, 24) "jissa crush them; v.'pam. 

s*?Q m. (adopted fr. Deut. XXV, 9) [from on,] upper 
of the shoe. Yeb. 102 a 'al 'a »bl 'a max minn the text 
says 'from on' (his foot) but not the cover of a cover, i. e. 
the upper must be immediate to the skin of the foot, v. 
anssx. lb. iVn 'an joanr ainsib 3"x if it were so (that 
ybn, Deut. 1. c. meant 'to fasten'), the text ought to have 
read 'on the upper part of his foot'. 

>yQ m. (b. h.; ^13 or bbs; cmp. V]^) circumvention; 
fraud, adulteration, faithlessness. Yalk. Ex. 343, v. D^. 
Num. R. s. 7, v. next w. 

Jj_Q (b. h. ; denom. of preced.) to circumvent, defraud. 
Sifre Num. 7 (ref. to Num.V, 12) mis 13T b$ 'a 13 fi'^ai 
'31 does 'she was faithless to him' refer to marital be- 
trayal or to money matters?; v. P&"Wa. — Esp. to make in- 
appropriate use of sacred property, to be guilty of trans- 
gressing, be amenable to, the laio concerning tti'V". (Lev. 
V, 15,sq.). Meil. 1, 1 "jm D^ria in using them inadvertently 



817 nbjna 

one commits m'' ilah (i. e. they retain their sacred char- 
acter in spite of a mistake made at their slaughtering), 
lb. M2 '"}"" a ""X it has no longer a sacred character. lb. Ill, 
2 "."- "?"" - xb" m ~:~: xb you must not make use of them, 
but if you did, you are not amenable to &c. ; a. v. fir. — 
[Yalk. Num. 765 "lpttJai bsia, read VjWO, v. b'r.] 

~>*2 ch. same. Me'il. 14 b XEVpa VtHJpl that he makes 
improper use of sacred property; ib. D*2np2 b^Sia Xpn 
(corr. ace). 

S^>£, "D m. (bbr, infin. br-a; cmp. mx-z. II) coming 
in, entering. Targ.Y.H Ex. XXI, 10 [read:]M^p£"a- >r & P M 
Itt'ili!) his visiting her (for marital duties); [Y. I Mb b""" - 
read: Mb I Pfcyuj or rrtj"*5B (fr. b'S)]. — Keth. 53 a "xbra 
■'"jit my very coming in (with you). — PI. constr. *~~°2. '"a, 
'ra. — xrar 'a swiset. [Dan. YI, 15 "'bra, ed.Baehr"bra.]— 
Targ. Y. II Num. XXV, 4.— Xr212 'a, XMCE("1 ROT) 'B &c. 
Sabbath eve (Friday), Passover eve &c. Ib. XXII, 28. — 
Targ. Y. Gen. XIV, 13.— Gitt. 77 s . B. Mets. 49 a hot. Keth. 
62 b 'z' xa" 'a bs every eve of the Day of Atonement. 
Ib. 63 a ; a. fr. 

H~!^2 I m. (part. Hif. of Mbr); flW Mbra Smoke- 
Raiser, name of a plant used as an ingredient of frank- 
incense (Fumitory?). Ker. 6 a . Tosef. Yoma I, 8 (ref. to 
""-, Lev. XVI, 2) '3 'a 12 IfTftm Ttba this intimates that 
he must add mdale'ashan. [Ib. H, 6; Y. ib. Ill, 41 a VM 
T 'a2 . . . "X"p2 understood how to make the smoke of 
the frankincense rise ; Bab. ib. 38 a '? mbrMb.] 

n*^"C II m. (b. h.; preced.) ascent. — n-arix Mbra 
(b. h.j pr. n. pi. Maale Adummim, Maledomim between 
Jericho and Jerusalem. Tosef. R. Hash. I, 15; Y. ib. II, 
57 d bot.; Bab. ib. 22 b . 

TZVZ f. (b. h.; preced.) 1) ascent, step. Midd. II, 3 
'a dPP the height of every step; a. e. — PI. M'bra. Ib. Succ. 
V, 4 'aM -HE . . Iflf r rH l '"2 T8W rvraM fifteen steps leading 
down . . . ., corresponding to the fifteen 'Songs of Steps' 
(Ps. CXX to CXXXIV). Ib. 53 a 'a mm Van -:r, those 
fifteen (Songs of) Steps. Yoma 23 a tblXM 'a the steps in 
front of the Temple hall (Tosef. ib. I, 12 Mrs); a. fr.— 
2) rise. Num. K. s. 15 '=! tJ S'p'HS br -rbra the rise of 
the righteous is a rise without a decline; 1255 Vi" "rb~~ 
'a! Mb":'- ' - Esau's (a Roman's) rise is a rise which may 
lead to degradation; a. e. — 3) degree, gradation, super- 
iority; preference; advantage. Yoma 44 a ; Num. R. s. 7 
'" V"3 '-" '- ~a "T. now, there is no gradation of sanctity 
between the interior of the Temple and the space..., 
except &c. Keth. 13 a , a. e. pOMT2 HE? 'a where priestly 
descent is concerned, they put up a higher standard 
(made the law more stringent). Kidd. 70 b »"> MTMi '-a 11 
'21 "3 tins is the distinction of Israelites over converts; 
a. fr.— PI. as ab. Yoma 44 b xn-nixn •« the gradations in 
sanctity are of Biblical origin (v. Kel. 1, 8, sq.). — 3) height, 
on high. Mekh. Mishp. s. 15 'a br ps the eye of the Lord. 
Tanh. B'shall. 23 'a \m 12X (some ed. 'ar::), v. n-j .. — 
jlbsob a) on high, in heaven. Hag. H, 1 (11) *ab na (Ms. 
M. a. Y. ed. ",b~-b) what is on high ; Gen. R. s. 1 ; a. fr. — 

Freq. "jbsa, "ibsab, "ibraV::, '???, v. Mtsa. — b) upward, be- 
hind, beyond. Kidd. IV, 5 'abi M2TaM "ja, v. pn2; a. fr. — 
c) (of time) further on. Pes. 50 b , a. fr. 'abl MM:aM -,a from 
the minhah time and onward. Ber. 26 b ; a. fr. — d) above, 
of superior rank. Kel. I, 2, sq. EMa 'ab of a higher rank 
(in Levitical law) ; a. fr. 

T ~'sl2 {., v. next art. 

^^yf2 m. ("'br; cmp. brr*, rbpin) achievement, profit; 
good. Targ. II Chr. XIII, 2 'al Xa«5 a name of good por- 
tent.— Targ. Lam. IV, 9 'a better off.— Ber. 10 a »Vl ■pfla 
lbsa (cmp. br?b2) bad children ; 'a*i "SO (cmp. M"^3M ch.) 
good children (Ms. M. 'fach &tr~i7, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note).— Used as adj. B. Bath. 74 b 'a MMba (Ms.M. rp-15), 
v. Mba ch. Do. 'a xb is of no good. Keth. 105 b 'an DTOa 
<4R3 because they are better. Sabb. 129 a KVOnV M^2 'an 
Ms. M. when lying in the sun is healthy. Keth. 62 b S^S 
'al pious and capable ; a. fr. 

S*>>12 c. (preced.) good, perfect, valid. Targ. Job 
XXXDJ, 28 'a X~nM: the perfect light (of the hereafter). — 
Nidd. 29 a 'a nbl a genuine" embryo. Gitt. 29 a bot. '*2 X-" 
""tl a valid divorce. Ber. ll b , a. fr. 'a SOUTb a more ap- 
propriate expression, opp. M.;"a "Ol, v. M!J. — Shebu. 4o b 
t tt t ro c xn '"2 Mar how fine an argument is this!; a. fr. — 
PI. f. Nr--br-2. Ber. 8 a '=l 'a n b"ia tma one of those fine 
sayings of thine concerning &c. — [Targ. Ps. CXVIII, 20 
xvra, some ed., v. x:bra.] 

Sr^^^] f. (preced.) perfection, excellence ; improve- 
ment. Shebu. 45 b 'a "xa wherein consists the excellence 
(of the argument) ?, v. preced. Men. 43 a 'ab i:n«TK ^X 
Ms.M. (ed. "^xrr.'rx) if it changed for the better. Ber. 56 a 
'ab n-b -rsa, v. XMWna. Hull. 5 b X^M 'a does it imply 
perfection?; a. fr. 

Jj5]2 m. (b. h.; bbs) {bringing about,] deed.— PI. 
t^bbra! Midr. Till, to Ps. LXII, 13 D^r^M rbbsa his evil 

S">2?£) ch. same, evil deed. — PI. "o'^rz. Targ. Ps. 
XXVIII,! Ms. (ed. -nniS).— [Targ.Y. Gen.XLH, 9; 12 Ar. 

v. xbrbr;.] 

■jb^a v. Mbp. 

^^"3^2 m. (*5W) l) entrance, gate. Targ. Jud. IX, 40. 
Targ. T Ps.' CXVIII, 20 (some ed. X^bra, corr. ace); a. fr.— 
Gitt. 56 b Mb r">x 'a it has an entrance (for taking in food), 
opp. x:pEa discharge.— PL X- :bra. Targ. II Chr. XXIU, 
14. Targ. Ps. LXXXVH, 2; a', e.— 2) mostly pi. (=xbra) 
setting. Ib. L, 1. Targ. Josh. I, 4;— [Targ. Ps. XIX, 6 
X*:S2 "bra r,~"xa Ms. (read M^bra; ed. only XM"nX2).] 

fcO"v2?D m., pi. constr. "'brbra (brbr) that which is 
to be explored, weak points. Targ. Y. Gen. XLII, 9; 12 
Levita (Ar. "'bb?a; ed. xn^r-ja r— r). 

rk$12, XniZ '12 pr. n. pi. Mdalath MWa. Targ. 




Y. I Num. XXXH, 3; 37 (b. text hteVfc; 0. some ed. ''VM 
M31; Y.II xbsb). 

Sr^D f. pi. (bbs) income. Pesik. B. s. 31 (emend, in 
ed. Fr.) xnpES "OZJ Kbl 'a "SO Xlirn am^li: a bad neigh- 
bor counts (bis neighbor's) income but not (his) expenses. 

"TZj2JD m. (b. h. ; las) 1) standing up; B.UJlai '12 stand- 
ing up and sitting down, halt of the funeral escort on re- 
turning from burial for lamentation or consolation. Tosef. 
Pes. II (III), 15 '31 "ml 'a "px no less than seven halts are 
made. lb. 14 'lai 'a nittwb iar«ia Wp« where it is custom- 
ary to make halts (on the eve of Tassover). B. Bath.lOO b 
"lava <nb lay arranged for her sake a ma amaa'&c. Meg.IV,3 
(23'')nitt35T3 rnnBn...'a'ptt)13> , pNwe arrange no mdamadkc. 
with less than ten persons;— B.Bath. I.e. Dlpa..TJian 
"Hasa if one sells his grave, the road to his grave, or his 

halting place— Plxrras^. lb. ninujiai 'a 'Ta pnniB px no 

less than seven &c, v. supra.— 2) {\&w) presence of witnesses, 
judges &c. lb. 144 a bot. "nmbttJ TaSoa in the presence of us 
three (the owner, the trustee, and the recipient). Y. Shebu. 
VI, 37 a top; Y. Gitt. IX, 50 c bot., v. Tax. Y. Keth. XIII, 
36 a bot. n*iasa:3 p&Bttn when her father made the promise 
in her presence; a. fr. — 3) post, a division of popular 
representatives deputed to accompany the daily services 
in the Temple with prayers, and also a corresponding 
division in the country towns, answering to the divisions 
(guards, v. laiua) of priests and Levites. Taan. IV, 2 bs> 
'31 'a tTTi "lattjan laiua b=i corresponding to every guard 
was a post of priests, Levites and Israelites stationed in 
Jerusalem, lb. 4 'a in pX no prayer meeting of the 
ma'amad took place. — 'a "TOX, v. UJiJX; a. fr. — PI. as ab. 
lb. 2 'a " ( rt ibx this is the origin of the md amadoth. lb. 
27 b , a. e. 'a xbabx but for the prayer meetings of &c. 
Meg. Ill, 6 miasro niUSaa 'a2 at the prayer meetings the 
first chapter of Genesis was read (one section each day 
of the week). 

TZ2§D m. (las II) support, frame. Sabb. 60 a ; 15 b 
'atl T!X "bin bsn (in levitical law) everything depends 
on the nature of the support (e. g. the seal is judged by 
its setting, the ladder by its frame). Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. 
II, 5 'a? a piece of a web which can be used for the 
weaver's frame, v. flVrTS. — PI. * p ' jlua^ j. Y. Yeb. XII, 12 d top 
•p? btU '12 the main body of the shoe made of wood. Y. 
Sabb. VI, 8 b fTSBfO Tnx it depends on the nature of its 
supporters (i. e. the parts which keep the framework in 
position; (Bab. ib. 60 a WHaOa; Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. Ill, 

13 enmbian). 

U^12^D m. pi. (b. h.; pas) depths. Ab.d' 
nblss igasafc Tr mttB when f went down to the depths 
of the abyss. 

m \pT2, Lev. R. 8. 32 nasana, v. asa. 

HiSjQ m. (b. h. ; nss I) answer. Midr. Till, to Ps. VIII 
'a lb ixxa xb they knew not what to answer him. 

."v^ f - (b.h.; preced.) 1) turn of the plough, furrow, 
fttrrotifS length. Tosef. Hull. IV (V), 6. Ohol. XVII, 2; 

a. e. — 2) (perh. hDSam.) handle of the plough; coulter. 
Tosef. Shebi. Ill, 20 'a nb -padi xbttJ ISbai ; Y. ib. IV, 
35 b bot. 'an nx -yvao^ xbttJTnbm provided that (in training 
the cow for ploughing) he will not press the coulter (so 
as to make the appearance of real ploughing). 

"pDS^P, ^~$12 m. OSS I) augur from clouds. Targ. 
O. Deut. XVIlif, 10 **a ed. Berl. (oth. ed. '|J?a, )}&&).— 
PL RMMW, ySSJW, '??a. Ib. 14 'jft ed. Berl. (oth. ed. 'Istt, 

NlD^D, v. xniasa. 

T : - -' t : 

KiiKjQ v. x^?_. 

TTPiDTD, TnpVl2 f. (denom. of IBS) [duster,] apron, 
any garment for the protection of clothes. Zeb. 94 b ; Hull. 
123 J 'a "na enough to be used as an apron. Sabb. 9 b 
'31 '12 IT^tfJa from the time he puts the hair-cutters' wrap 
upon his knees. Ib. '31 to'iBSa rWUJa (Rashi: lrniSSa) 
from the time he shakes his wrap off (to prepare for 
bathing). — Esp. a travelling cloak with a hood (cmp. Sm. 
Ant. s. v. Cucullus), also a short cloak with a hood (pal- 
liolus). Tosef. Meg. IV (III), 30 '31 'an Cf»S for one wrapt 
in a travelling cloak, a birrus .... it is unbecoming to 
read &c. Sifre Deut. 234 '31 xbUJ'nb BIB exclude a mdafo- 
reth with which one cannot cover his head and the larger 
portion of his body; Yalk. ib. 933 (not'BTSa). Y. Ter.VII, 
44 d bot. irnBSa. Sabb. 120 a ; Y. ib. XVI, 15 d (one of a class 
of clothes permitted to be saved on the Sabbath). Lev.R. 
s.2; Pesik. Shek., p. 17\ — PI. rri^lKW, nisOBSa. Ib. 

\UsJ2 m. (denom. of IB") pitchfork for the first stage 
of winnowing (to remove dust &c), v. "OSa. 

fc^D^Q 1- (v. P^Wga) cloak with a hood. Targ. I Kings 
XX, 3V 41 (Ar. XTlBSa; Kimhi KrVTBSO; h. text "®X).— 
PI. ^B?a. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 b bot. (transl. rYtttWKO, Is. Ill,' 22) 
'ai pnbip colobia and m. 

S"HB3?Q, Y. Bice. Ill, 65 d 'al 'pSattJ, v. X^BS. 

TTWDt v. pniwjg. 
NFnB9D, v. xnssa. 

t : - -: — t : - - 


DTRS^Q, Y. Sabb. XIV, 14 c bot., v. trrna?. 

I^^D m. (b. h.; 1*3 to cut) adze. B. Kam. X, 10 Ha 
'an X^Xia ttnnniB the chips which the carpenter makes 
with the adze; Tosef. ib. XI, 15. Kel. XIII, 4. Sabb. XII, 1 
(the stone-cutter's trimming adze). Sifre Deut. 308; Yalk. 
Deut. 942, v. bpB. Kel. XXIX, 6 niai^b bl!3 'an the battle- 
axe of the legions. Tosef. ib. B. Bath. I, 7 "ISXB (corr. 
ace); a. e.— PI. pnxra. Arakh. VI, 3 (Bab. ed. 23 b pi3>sa, 
corr. ace). 

fcCGC^D, 'S?D m. (T43?) vat. Targ. Is. LXIII, 2, sq.; 
a. fr.— Ab. Zar 60 a (Ar. X^XB), v. »'!'*?.— P/. Xj'TXSa, '2f?B. 
Targ. Is. XVI, 10. 

fctFH^iC, '2912 I f. (preced.) press-room (=h. rTtS 

wan, v. fa). Targ. Num. XVIII, 27 (h. text 2p^).— Ab. 
Zar. 70'. lb. 74 b "W^SSW my press-room; a. e. 

STm^Q II f- (isr; cmp. rrow, KFnssi) meeting 
room, school-house. Erub. 49 a ; 60 a . 

p"^, p"3?£ (v. pla) to ftea^, stamp; trnsf. to scorn. 
Part, p-r-2, f. X-'-:- -. Targ. II Kings XIX, 21 ; Is. XXXVII, 

22, v. pra.— T. Ber. II, 4 (1 top V? rp^a yvw . . . -ina*> 

to-morrow they will be with us (the dead), and now they 
scorn us (by treading on our graves). 

Jlp^Z m. (b. h.; npr to restrain) railing. M. Kat. I, 
10. Si'fre Deut. 229 'ari "JO TIBS not subject to the law &c. 
(Dent. XXII, 8). Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. VIII, 2, v. MQ-ip; a. 
e.— 'a Pra pr. n. pi. Beth-Ma' akeh. Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 54 d 

bot., v. moo in. 

"-pIp^E f. C,'pr) sf%. Koh. R. to VI, 11 [read:] IX 
'■z son IK TKm K^n either a bite or a sting; v., how- 
ever, Ttavm. 

^TJ>"12, v. Kpr?aii. 

D™1^2 m. (b. h. ; 2^) sun-set, West. Erub. IU, 5, v. 
an*. B'. Bath. II, 9 t&VC west of the town ; a. v. fr. 

&0"1>E, fcO""j?!C ch. same. Targ. Pro v. VII, 9 2?sa 
UXtT \h. text Dl^n-ir). Targ. Gen. XXVHI, 14; a. fr.— In 
Talmud Babli 'a the West, Palestine. Ber. 2 b 'an in the 
Palestinian colleges. Yeb. 117 a ; a. fr. — [Lev. R. s. 17 'an 
■naat, read H*aa*J»oa i v. 22-';".]— [Sot. 41 b 'a 12 prob. pr. 
n. m.] 

nSjH^D m. ch. = h. "Q^sa western, western man 
Targ. IsT XXHI, 4. Targ. Joel* II, 20; a. fr. 

swasrtpa v. 22-:-. 

t - t : - : •• : - 

"QHI7Q m. (denom. of 5HSO) western. Zeb. V, 2; a. 
fr. — Fern. rWtJD. lb. 3 'a rP3"!BX 0"ip) north-western 
corner of the altar. B. Bath. 25 b rWW: 'a pip north- 
west; a. fr.— [12-isa, Tosef. Par. Ill, 6, v. 2^5?.] 

#^yjT2 m. (32-r) whirlpool. — PI. constr. "fetflSO. 
Targ. T Job XXX VIII, 16. 

nn^j f. (b. h.; ir, cmp. TWt) care. Y. Ber. IV, 7 d top, 
v. WO II.' Sabb. 33 b tttrnsok Vim go back to your cave 
(hiding place). Yeb. 119 b ; a. fr.— ttVBSon Trsro, v. t&BOQ, 
— PI. rn-tzra. M. Kat. 5 b ; a. fr. 

ficfrisa, v. ro-hm 

r T .. _ 

:j "1*12^2 m. ("?) board on which the baited bread 
is arranged (Maim.); rolling pin (R. S. a. oth.). Kel. 
XV, 2. 

TYDTlVlZ ch. same. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot Dffia 'a2 
ytfU (not rnt m a) he who beats flax (on the Sabbath) 
using a rolling pin, is guilty of an act of the category of 
grinding (crushing the seeds). 

X?T\?P_, 'TOO, v. xpi?a. 

819 nicjra 

2"H3?Q m. (a"?? II), D-qi? 'a(n) «»Ao causes the even- 
ings to set, name of the first section of the night prayer. 
Ber. I2 a '21 'S 'an fins if one began the first section with 
ma' drib 'drabim and closed with 'Creator of the lights'. 
lb. '3 'an D^D if he closed with m. 'dr. (in place of 'Cre- 
ator of the lights').— [In liturgy: n^Sa (r&SP) the night 

rOHSr/Q f. (b. h.; Tp3) 1) arrangement, order, esp. 
pile of wood on the altar in the Temple. Yoma 33 a ""nx 
'31 hbfti 'a ... 'a "HDa Abbayi related the order of the 
priestly functions in behalf of the college . . as follows: 
the large pile comes before &c. Tarn. II, 3, sq. Tosef. 
Yoma UI (II), 3; Yoma 45 a ; a. fr.— PI. tfartSBO, lb. IV, 6; 
a. fr. — 2) line of battle, battle-field. Midr. Sam. ch. XI ; 
Yalk. ib. 102 rTfl 'an he (Saul) was in the battle. 

D*D"OT, Yalk. Gen. 115, read: D^nsa. 

D"0"1?Z2 m. pi., constr. WW (b.h.; ?£») arrange- 
ments,' ordinances, esp. nanba (',n3) 'a the regulations 
concerning excuses from the army to be proclaimed before 
battle (Deut. XX, 5—9). Tosef. Sot. VII, 18 on arriving 

at the frontier he says, narta fa 'a siamb -jVi salvia ■*> 
let him who hears (this) go to hear the proclamation of 
the priest of war (v. Miaa) ; "iaiK ina nanba 'an what is 
said in the proclamation before the battle? Sot. 42 b top 
nanba 'a i"i21 ISam listen to the words of the proclama- 
tion. Ib. VIII, 2 '2"! 'a fra "'"an "psaitt) l^K bs all these listen 
to the words of the priest appointed over the ordinances 
of battle and go back &c; Sifre Deut. 193, sq.— V. Tj*!". 

S9H2D, v. Kftta. 

T : T :' t : t : 

Sp13?D m. (pis) run, haste. Targ. Ps. CXVI, U. 

Sp"lS?Q m. (preced.) fugitive.— PI. **££«. Tar S- Jer - 
XL VIII, 19 (ed. Wil. 'gTfe; ed. Lag. VPgViffy. Targ.Y. 
Lev. XXVI, 36 lpi-ira ('fira). 

S^";2E, H7TOE f. ch.=h. n-?a. Targ. Gen. XIX, 
30; a. T fr. — SabbT33 b , a. fr.— Esp. burial cave. B. Bath. 
58 a omnsn 'a the cave where Abraham was buried ; 
— PI. xrisa. Targ. I Sam. XIII, 6.— B. Bath.l. c. -pxa mn 
'a undertook to mark the burial caves. 

7VZj$]2 m. (b. h. ; rites) deed, act; practice; fact, event. 
Yeb. IV, 9 'a ... nias-va IS until thy older brother takes 
action concerning her (v. nx^bn a. 0*12 "•). Ab. I, 17, v. 
BS-TO. Kidd.40 b , v. W&. B. Bath. 130 b . . robn T*TBJ& "pK 
'ab ViDbn ... 'a *Ba K^l you dare not derive a law either 
from a theoretical decision or from an act (of your teachers) 
unless they declare their decision a rule for practical 
guidance. Ib., a. fr. 21 'a a practical decision is a teacher 
(a guiding precedent). Yeb. XV, 2 mVD '321 and only in 
the same way as it (the precedent) happened. Ib. 116 b , 
n*~'r 'a filttJa on account of an occurrence. Ib. . . 'J'rTU 
'31 '12 rrm . . only for the Jordan and for a ship exactly as 
the event took place, they established the ordinance &c. 
Ber. I, 1 *b*l 1X21 'a it happened that &c. Bets. Ill, 2 rHUSa 




'31 D"13J?a it happened that a gentile brought &c. lb. '24", 
a. fr. nVOV 'a you quote a fact which disproves your 
rule! Yeb. 70 b iB"tt3 'ai 'a "ibina he (the uncircumcised) 
lacks an act and this to be performed on his body; a. 
fr. — 'a ^1D3X (sub. D^BS) men in whose behalf miracles 
occur, saints. Sot. IX, 15; a. fr.— rWta nfcwa, Q^D3 ',0 &c, 
v. respective determinants. — PI. a-'iUSa, constr. "V^a. B. 
Kam. 95 b , a. fr. fi"P ^33 'a Ntt is it not a daily occur- 
rence? Tosef. Nidd. IV, 3 '31 "pV*1 'a ^31U my father 
brought the report of two precedents from Tibin to Jab- 
neh. Ber. 32 b WW 'a good deeds; a. v. fr. 

NDEJSQ m.C|l»$) stronghold. Targ. Prov. X,29(Ms.'trca). 

"IIEOT m. (b. h.; denom. of 1*5) tithe.— ■'» naYW the 
tithe of the tithe which the Levite owes to the priest 
(Num. XVIII, 26); 'a or "pENI 'a the first tithe belonging 
to the Levite; ">3M5 'a the second tithe to be consumed 
by the owner in Jerusalem (Deut. XIV, 22, sq.); *>X5 'a 
the poor man's tithe, every third year (ib. XXVI, 12). 
Maas. Sh. V, 6 ; a. v. fr.— Fl. WH^SO (nr«2»a). Maasr. I, 1 
'ascitis subject to tithes; — Ma' asroth, Ma' aser 
Sheni, respective names of two treatises of Mishnab, To- 
sefta and Talmud Y'mshalmi, of the Order of Z'raim. 

W^WD, t$Q, % ch. same. Targ. Num. XVIII, 
26 (eel. Berl. '03>a); a. fr.— Targ.Y. Deut. XII, 6 fbtniWa 
(collective noun).— PI. *£&»», 'osa, '90; WTiteWB. Targ. 
Num. XVIII, 28; Targ. 0. Deut.' i. c. yO"nt»a ed. Berl. 
(ed. Vienna 'WtoSti). Targ. Mai. Ill, 8 ; 10 ; a. fr. 

^toQ, v. preced. 

D^DDD, v. sub '2T?a. 

$^$012 m. (3>5C) mafgi'a {plague), name of an animal 
of which the lion is afraid, the Aethiopian gnat (Levys. 
Zool. d. Talm. p. 316). Sabb. 77 b (Rashi: a small beast 
frightening the lion with its howl). 

NrfiHJElQf. (TjbI) desolation. Targ. Is. XLIX, 19. 

m yntfQ, Targ. Y. Ex. XXII, 16 some ed., v. JOYnSa. 

H£Q f. (MB3) 1) flag. Num. R. s. 2 'a mB51 fcP»tt» bsb 
5221 for each prince a flag of a different color. Ib. 'a SIX 
the color of the flag; a. f i\— [PI. rviEa. Mekh. B'sliall. s.2, 
v. SlESa.] — 2) (crap, Lat. mappa, of Punic origin) napkin, 
towel. Ber. VIII, 3 ; a. fr. — 3) bandage around a scroll. Y. 
Meg. I, 71 d ; Y. Erub. X, 26 b top 'a Vb5> fWD ISO a scroll 
which is not bandaged (so that the writing is partly ex- 

rnBjQ m. (b. h. HBa; HSD) 1) mechanic's belloivs, con- 
trad, to niBIEU) blowing tube. Tosef. Bets. Ill, 15.— 
2) smithy. Tanh. Vayesheb 1, v. V*r»5— Gen. B. s. 84 r&lh 
niDB h*»TO, read: irWBa, v. HB3. 

SniSD, ntl^lSD ch. same, bellows. Taan. 12 a 'a 
'31 SO?a*i belows full of wind (abstinence without merit). 

DViBO, v. obs. 

Sn5lS!Q, ri^SQ f. (Vfi5) l) dropping, throwing seed. 
Arakh. 25 a f 'aa . . . S"it To we assess the value of a 
field by the quantity of seed ...which it takes when strew- 
ing with the hand, opp. to d^THttJ 'a strewing from a 
perforated bag or wagon drawn by oxen; B. Mets. 105 b ; 
a. e. — Y. Ber. Ill, 6 C hot. T 1 rtasan with one and the same 
throw. — 2) falling in, debris. Ber. 3 a , sq. you must not 
enter a ruined building for prayer 'an "<3Ea because it 
may fall in. Y. Sabb. XVI, 15 d top 'an TTB . . "pV^a we 
must save (on the Sabbath) .... persons buried under 
debris. Pes. II, 3 'a r^>3> H^BSttJ yan leavened matter cover- 
ed with debris; a. fr. — 3) (=nbaa) downfall. Y. Ber. V. 
beg. 8 (1 ann m^na btt) 'ai Jeremiah closed with proph- 
esying the downfall of the destroyers of the Temple; 
(Midr. Till, to Ps. IV l^Baa). 

D^plD/G m. pi. (v. KJ31BII) gliding, sinking. Koh. 
R. to VIII, 11 (in Chald. diet.) yiflb Tfb . . . ?\b9 Vrtrt* «n 
'a (some ed. 'p^Ba) those haughty ones (or Romans) go 
in, . . . go out, they never slip. 

fcOniSD, fcOniDQ (a feigned denom. of rWD, v. 

T : • : - t : • : - " 

KiFitsa) Iwillbe a pazih (a substitute for nazir). Y.Naz. 
I,beg.51 a tOinSa (corr. ace); Ned. 10 b fcOmEa (corr.acc); 
v. MJpwa. 

nSQ m. (b. h. ; HB3) blowing, expiring; UJB3 HBa ex- 
haustion, despair. Tanh. Sh'mini 11. — [Tosef. B.Bath. 
II, 17 nsa, read with ed. Zuck. MT"!Ba l v. TOSh.] 

SnDpm., S?jnDiG f. ch. same; 11JB3 HBa, nnaa 
despair. Targ. Job XI, 20. Targ. Is. XVII, 11. Targ. Deut. 
XXVIII, 65 msa (ed. Vien. f$fQ, pi. constr.; Y. rnEa).— 
[Pi. ynsa. Targ. Ps. XI, 6 anibxi 'a, v. MB3.] 

fcOjnBO, v. KjntBa. 
"jrtSO, nnSQ, v. ansa. 

) n t2DQ, Sifre Deut. 43, v. p^OW. 
Tt2DD m. v. TJB. 

STSDD/O m. (IDE) dismissal from school, reading of 
Scriptures and prayers at dismissal. — PI. ^XSBQ. Ber. 
53 b WHOBa fFSa (Ms. P.i'nBBa Kpl) at the time of their 
dismissal with devotional exercises ; "O "frr JOT3 (Ms. F. 
inb "naSa Hp*\) not at dismissal (when they recite merely 
for practice). 

&03DQ, &OI3EQ f. (TJB) divorced. Targ. Y. Lev. 

t : : • t : - • v -r 

XXI, 7 ; 14. 

nt2Ji n 5^, ^?? ( b - h P r - n - m - Mephiboshcth, son 
of Jonathan, fabled to be a great scholar and acknowl- 
edged by David as his teacher. Ber. 4 a . Num. R. s. 8; 
a. fr.— Erub. 53 1 ', v. 3:3. 

&OTTSE, v. fcomsa. 

D n SD, b^BQ pr. n. pi. Memphis in Egypt. Targ. Jer. 
II, 16, a.e. (h. text #). Targ. Ez. XXX, 13 DEa ed.Wil.— 

V. D^B3^. 

V b- 


D^p'SQ, v. dT3*«. 

K"n"5)D| Yalk. Lev. 547, tV0)» Vr 13, read: RRSttft 
~ZJ2 inf. of ~EX. 

*"^£/2 f. (b. h.; ?tl) fall, downfall. Gen. R.s. 17 nbnn 
rtfil "3 the beginning of (moral) ruin is sleep (laziness); 
Yalk. ib. 23 nfljBQ (pi.). Snh. 39 b D^SttJI V» *jn3Btt the 
downfall of the wicked; Midr. Till, to Ps. IV, v. PSfe?; a. 
fr— PI. rftao. Yalk. 1. c; a. e. 

rC25£Q f. (b. h.; ybS) debauchery, name of an idol. 
Ab. Zar. 44* v. xr-::*-'-. 

DjQQj v. nViBo. 

S""^2 f. ch.=h. tt;B~, a. PlViBa. Targ. Ez. XXXI, 13 ; 
16; a. T fr.— P/. XT^E*:. Y. Taan. Ill, end, 67 a pri y**t\ '- 
ruinous houses were there. 

tljSiZ m. (n:s) vacancy. Toh. X, 5 "an tfpo a vacant 

"S3, v. B^Q. 

■'^SDTZ, Gen. R. s. 63 K»B*1 '3, v. rsl. 

pir'C m. (part. pass, of p:a) brought up in wealth, 
delicate, fastidious. Targ. Prov. IV, 3; a. e. — Keth. 67 b 
-xr. ■b"= "2 is he used to such comforts? — B. Earn. 84 a 
';*. '~~ \l'":"X X="X one man is delicate and feels pain more 
intensely, another is hardened &c; a.e.— P/.""p:E"C, "p:E~. 
Targ. Is. XLIV, 4 ; a. e.— Hag. 4 a sq. 'O l*rvb to include 
delicate persons (that do not walk barefooted). Sabb. 109 a ; 
a. fir. — Tern. X~:s -, bttn{33BO. Targ. O. Deut. XXVIII, 56 
(Y. xp:-E-3). Targ.Is.XLYII, 8 ; a.e.-P/.xrpSE-a.xnxp^r:. 
Targ. Lam. IV, 3. 

fc^pZSQ f. (preced.) used as adv. in the manner of a 
nobleman. Targ. I Sam. XV, 32 (h. text nunsa). 

\pZZ12, HT^'p^'D f. (preced.) good breeding; de- 
licacy, fastidiousness. Targ. 0. Deut. XXVIII, 56 ed. Berl. 
(Ms. I ^pafPO, some ed. p:snx, v. Berl. Targ. O. II, p. 58; 
Y. xp:~S). — Pes. 50 b JCM tJ Bicra it is merely because 
they are used to indulgence (idleness). Hag.6 a xr""r _ '" HSU 
'z*i Hannah saw in Samuel extraordinary tenderness (saw 
that he was a very delicate child). 

&£3%3i v. p&a. 
Ci -, v. wro. 

h^Iose, v. sfcVow. 

SrOrTlOBOf. (5B5) trotting. Targ. Jer. VIII, 16 ed. 
Lag. (ed.' ntTOB, Kimhi rWWDZJ). Ib. XLVII, 3 (ed.Wil. 


821 pyifitt 

TOG&Q f. (5CS) 1) plane. Kel. XIII, 4 (ed. Dehr. 5 ; 
Mish.'ed. tPteftO; Maim, in comment. r&2B"2). — 2) sculp- 
tor's chisel. Tosef. Sabb. XIII (XIV), 17, v. rt3|TO. 

Sr!>CD"2, S^f. ch. (preced.) sculptor's tcork, en- 
graving. Targ. Ps. LXXIV, 6 r';CE" - 2 ed. Lag. (some ed. 
"iCS-D; ed. Wil. 'BS), v. "iBO'to. 

"JTDQ m. ("fSE to split) mat of reeds, bark &c; the poor 
man's mattress. B. Mets. 113 b in cases of seizure for debt 
we must allow '31 'Ol SlB^al !"lIi' 1 E a (dining) couch and 
a couch with matting to the poor man, contrad. to VTZ. 
Sabb. 84 a , sq. Kel. XXVH, 2; a. fr. 

#1£)12 ch. same.— PI. "ttDB. Sabb. 65» -nan WO 'Ol 

t : — •• ■ ~ 

and had mats for them (spread at the bottom of the river 
in which they bathed; oth. opin. put up on the shore as 
screens) in the days of Tishri; Ned. 40 b ; a. e. 

SI ?2Z£D f. plane, v. riVWfl. 

!Sp£72, v. xp x *m 

SjpDG m. (ps?) 1) =h. xsia, coming forth; KT31 'a 
spring; (of a building) exit; (of troops) exodus, march. 
Targ. II Kings II, 21.— jR.'paDBB. Targ. Ps. CXXVI, 4.— 
Targ. Ez. XLII, 11. Targ. Num. XXXHI, 2 (ed. Berl. E"; 
Y. ed.Vien. '£"?); a. e.— 2) discharge from the bowels. Gitt. 
56 b ,.v. xfev.—Y. xnpas. 

T T -. - T r : — 

SrfiDpSDE f. same, 1) source; mine. Targ. Ps. CVH, 
33. Targ. I Chr. I, 23; a. e. — 2) that which comes forth, 
sprouting. Targ. Job XXXVIH, 27.— Targ. Ps. LXXXIX, 
35 (Targ. 0. Deut. XXIH, 24 MpBX).— 3) going out, leaving. 
Targ. Ex. XXI, 7 (ed. Vienna 'fZ). Targ. Ps. LXVIH, 21 
NTOOa rvupBia death. — V. next w. 

SrpS£ f. (preced.) =h. n y BPj, 1) discharge, excrement. 
Constr.'npS^. Targ. Ez. IV, 12^ Targ.O. Deut. XXIII, 14 (ed. 
Lisb.'rpEp; Ms. 'r«pEp); a. e.— Sabb. 134 a rT*53BO fa) 
its anus. — 2) expense, outlay. Lev. R. s. 34 "o 'jX'O'n *,a (not 
X^) who shall make the outlay ? ; Yalk. ib. 665. 

rDVSQ, v. rarnsso. 

WTlSQ m. Ci"iE) icife's settlement— PI. constr. "Wtta. 
Targ. T Y. Ex.* XXII, 16 (not WfcOj O. ■*£*# 

fctrPPHBD f. pi. (rns) foose tf*rea<fe o/" a tassel, 
fringes^ Sabb = . 59 b . 

rD"HDl2 f., pi. nfe"*^ (T*E) = iWO, press-beam or 
s^one/B. Bath. 67 b Ms. M.'(ed. T«g;lb. R. ^E^); Y.ib. 
IV, beg. U c ; Tosef. ib. Ill, 2. 

THBDi v. --£■=. 

WlSO m., infin. of "p_Q q. v. 


v. next w. 

p2^E/C m. (part. pass, of p.3")Q) =p?Bti. Targ. Y. I Deut; 
XXVLn,54.— Pm.Xp T 5"iffi3, xnp3-iSB. Ib. 56 (not xp:-t". 
Ar. xr^p:-!E"). — PI. WJitfW Targ. Y. Num. XXXI, 50. 





• HS/G m. (:"ia) upsetting; "db (adv.; cmp. "Sft) 1) ir- 
regularly, out of order. Meg. II, 1 "6b . . . X~i1pri lie who 
reads the Book of Esther in an irregular way (corresp. 
to YWT Q, ib. 18 1 ' top). lb. 17 a (ref. to Bath. IX,27) astf? na 
xb 'ab ddro C)X xb 'a? as you cannot disregard the order 
of these days in celebrating their season, so you must not 
transpose the order in which the events of these days 
are described. Ib. (ref. to Esth. IX, 28) xb 'ab rTW8» rta 
X? tab tWQ\ C|X as you cannot subvert the celebration, 
so you must, not subvert the order of recitation. Ber. 
13*; Sot. 32 b ; a. e. — 2) backward, retroactively, retro- 
spectively, opp. Xdltbl "jXSa. Snh. 27 a bbSS Xin fob he be- 
comes disqualified as witness reti-oactively, i. e. his tes- 
timonies are invalidated from the time that he perjured 
himself (opp. Xdfibl ",3">a, v. Xdlll). Erub. 37 b , sq...XXdi1 
"2b and the retroactive result would be that he drank 
untithed wine at the time; Y. Dem. VII, 26 b iJPfcttb. 
Y. Gitt. Ill, end, 45 1 ' yxpm WEB XlH tSrmh is it to be 
considered as sour wine at the time, i. e. from the day 
that he was bound to examine it? Tosef. Sot. XI, 9 ..fi38 
'ab . . count thirty-three days backward. Gen. R. s. 49 
'ab "p TVtr; take up the argument going back gradually 
(from fifty to forty-five &c); a. fr.— Tosef. Ber. IV, 19, sq. 
"2b "pdb to say the blessing after meal, opp. HplTtO(p)j 
Pes. 101 b . 

ff>Fl> JSG f. (>"nBI) tearing open, esp. (sub. n"d) the 
place of the abdomen which the butcher strikes when 
tearing the peritoneum. Hull. 50 b (expl. id'aSfi 013) 'a 
(some ed. WISHED). 

pHDD m. (pnftj cmp. p^G) joint. —PL constr. T^lSS. 
Naz. 52 b '21 D^i "a the joints of arms and legs. 

n^^SG f. (b. h. ; preced. ; cmp. xnipBX) [that which 
branches' off,] neck, nape. Hull. I13 a '31 RPfTOB idlirn 
he who breaks the neck of a slaughtered animal before 
it is dead. Zeb. 65 b 'al rVTRB ~nin he cuts (with his nail) 
the spinal column and the nape; Hull. 21 a ; 28 a . Ib. 10 b 
(in Chald. diet.) dMB^X th dSSd the knife may have been 
notched on striking the neck-bone ; a. fr. 

w Ji^J m. (v.'ihs) one ivho undertakes a voyage. Gitt. 
VI, 5 '31 XSV%Tl 'aH one who starts for a sea voyage or 
a caravan journey. — PI. d"VinBa. — dVl ''ftihBa, dTa^ '12 
sea-farers. Y. Sabb. II, beg. 4 C , a. e. d">ai 'a » b'J "TFWVi 
I went around inquiring of all sea-faring people ; (Bab. 
ib. 20 b xa^ inms).— [In later Hebr. '12 commentator.] 

#TT*£ND£>12 f. (dttJS; v. »*»"•) stretching out hands 
and feet, prostration at prayers (=h. njIWttJh). Y. Ab. 
Zar. IV, 43 d top '31 HTOtfSI xrvOiTft 'a the prostration 
on fast days (that it must not be done on stone floors, 
v. ib., a. Meg. 22 b ), and the arrangement of the calendar 
with regard to the seventh day of Succoth (that it should 
not fall on the Sabbath), v. Wtt*lS; Y. Shebi. I, 33 b hot.; 
Y. Succ. IV, beg. 54 b 'te'^jJSO. T 

t*: • m - ( b - h - J nt ??) opening, entrance. Mikv.VIII, 1 
'3? )"\n (Var. nnBb) outside of the (town) gate; Tosef. ib. 
VI, 1 (R. S. to Mikv. 1. c. finE).— Pesik. R. s. 37 WBlU PIMM? 

'31 the opening of his lips is blessing and peace. Sabb. X V, 2 
(111 1 ') Hplbn '12 (Y. ed. WTOO) the neckhole of her shirt; 
Y. ib. 15 b ; a. e.—Pl. bTtfflHft constr. "TifiB?. Ber. fil a bot. 
dbn '12 "0125 'pd..HaVl Y'i-p man's evil inclination resembles 
a fly and is seated between the two valves of the heart ; 
Yalk. Koh. 979; Yalk. Gen. 38— plbfi '12, v. supra. 

nrDD ch. same, opening. Targ. Ez. XXIX, 21. 

nP©!Q m. (firs, Pi. 2) 1) engraver, sculptor. — PI. 
d^HnBa. Kel. XXIX, 5 d^3dX ^rtPBa bw ndpa the sculp- 
tors' mallet (contrad. to TOO stone-cutter).— 2) seal-ring. 
Tosef. Sabb. IV (V), 11 ITKMrtOlB 'd; Sabb. 62 b rtTQffi '3 
(corresp. to dnin mbs ttrvB re'dd, ib. VI, 3). 

nf)S)0> n^sHD/Q c. (b.h.; nntt) key. Kel. XIV, 8, 
v. ndldix. Bech. 45 a . Taan. 2 a , sq.'; a. fr. — PL r.inriBa, 
nin^Bpi Tarn. Ill, 6. Taan. 1. c; a. fr. 

fctnrplG ch. same. Targ. Jud. Ill, 25. Targ. Is. XXII, 
22. Targ. Y. Deut. XXVIII, 12; a. e.— Y. Bets. I, 60 c bot., 
v. ynoaibs; a. e. — Midr. Sam. ch. VII '31 blSad d^m "2 
the key (of the College, i.e. Resh Lakish, the chief arguer, 
v. infra) is in Migdal Z.; Y. Hor. Ill, beg. 47 a '12 13X1 (^Xl 
in) and where is the key ? ; Y. Snh. II, 20 a top (incorrect 
version).— PL p i Ett a, KJlTflBO, m*H . . . Targ. Y. Deut. 1. 
c— Y.Sabb. XIX, 16 d bot.— Trnsf.xnnBa X"03, or rtfiFlBa 
a scholar that opens the discussion, arguer. Y. Sabb. I, 
3 a bot., a. e. '12 '5. Xlfil .... "jSK mb we must not heed 
what is reported in behalf of R. Shesheth, for he is an 
ai-guer, i. e. brings matters up for mere argument's sake; 
Yalk. Ps. 735 '12 Xinm (read: XlfTl). 

]r£>Q m. (b.h.) threshold. Ab. Zar. 41 b ; Y. ib. 111,42'' top 
'31 "iTVn 'dd 15fi3 (sub. rUBYTp) they revered the threshold 
more than the Dagon; a. e.—Pl. nisnSa. Ib. 112:2? ^"10^ 
'a Hd3 the Israelites worshipped many thresholds. 

T T T : 

feGSZQxn., ^?JDI2G f. (3S5) plant, set. Targ. Is.V,2 
dap (ed. Lag. 3a">d).— PL XlTdSd. Targ. Mic. I, 6 raSM (ed. 
Wil. nd^d, ed. Lag. rasu). 

MJLI/G f. (b. h.; ds*') array, general assembly. Tanh. 
Nitsab. \ (ref. to Deut.'xxiX, 9) '31 "a nii3a •)»«» rid i2Bd 
why did Moses call them for a general meeting? Because 
they were to be handed over from one administration to 

t\ulll2{. (b. h. ; d^*) pillar, statue, monument. Sifra 
K'dosh. introd. (idols are named) dilai? dnUJ "0B3 'd 
matsebah, because they are made to stand. Sifn' 1 Deut. 
146 (ref. to Deut. XVI, 22) '31 HdlfiXlU '12 Hal if the erec- 
tion of a pillar which was loved (of the Lord) in the 
fathers, is hateful in the descendants &c. Y. Ab. Zar. IV, 
44 a top '12 imPX, v. 1WJ ; a. fr. 

srv^nxn, v. unite. 

t t : t : t 

1212, pi. nnsqt v. rni^. 

^l^C I, ^^"I12D f.(7i&) net, trap. Targ.Jer.XLVIII, 




Targ. Ex. XXX VIII, 4 (Y. some ed. Xr^:s~ coir. ace; 
h. text W1); a. ir.—Pl. fpna, WTOa. Targ. Is. XIX, 8, 
sq. (ed. Wil. '\TSt). Targ. Koh. Vlf, 26 yn^.— Y. Sabb. 
XIII, 14 a bot.;' Y. Bets. Ill, 62 a top -WW 'a by ll t teU 
are meant -woven nets (not traps). — V. MffftEU 

N~^2 II m. C&L*, v. N~-^-3) /brf, stronghold.— PL 
»;tB. T Targ. I Sam. XXII, 4, sq. (ed. Wil. KJjttO). Targ. 
Ez. VII, 7; a. e. 

Sr™^^ f. (preced. wds.) 1) net, v. XTOa. — 2) /bW. 
Targ. I Sam. XXIV, 1 (h. text WTOta); a. e.—Pl. Strang, 
xr-^:. Targ. Jer. XLVIII, 41.— V. Kn*n»X 

n^C, v. -^-2 ii. 

T T 

/ \'S!2 f. (b. h. ; •"•J":) 1) [dry, pressed bread,] unleaven- 
ed bread, esp. f/ie bread served at the Passover meal. Pes. 
X, 3. lb. 5 '=", lo ODD . . . ~ -X xri' '" whoever does not ex- 
plain, at the meal, the following three ceremonies, has not 
done his duty, and these they are : the Passover sacrifice, 
the eating of matsah and the bitter herbs. Men. V, 1 bz 
r*X2 :t::- all meal offerings are offered in an un- 
leavened condition, opp. VaFj. Pes. 35 a . . d^XSfi BHtTl 
'"' maiTl ->-P -,ra X3T ="!S . . one performs his duty of 
eating matsah (on the first Passover night) with such things 
only as are capable of leavening (the five species of 
grain); a. ir. — Pl. fflJta. Mekh. Bo, s. 8 'a bz ^St JODB 
SOTOaa I might think anything unleavened is included 
(may be used for eating on the first Passover night); a. 
fr. — _) '-.~ -vr, or ''2 a hide not tanned by a process of 
fermentation, untanned hide. Kel. XVII, 15. Gitt. 22 ;i ; 
Sabb. 79 a '=1 'a p WW rrafctt there are three kinds of 
hides, matsah &c, v. X~~S"n. lb. 'z"\ l&affiza 'z m. is what 
its name implies, not salted and floured nor tanned with 

2}T£C m. (b. h.; 3trs) a bright metal; 'z ntLTtf (WO] 
bronze. Targ. II Chr. IV, 16 'z WO (h. text pVT3 miT:).— 
Y. Succ. V, bb' x top; Arakh. 10 b (quot fr. Ezra VIII, 27) 
atya o r:r:. 

y&!2, v. ktzsko. 

\ \Z. £12 111.(3^) pyramid, pyramidal file. Y.B.Mets. 
II, 8 1 ', sq., v. «£-"-. 

"2^1212, 12 "5 Pi-M'tsubah (Maasub, Neub. 
Geogr. p. 22), in the district of Tyre. Y. Dem. II, 22' 1 top 
(ed. Krot. raiXB ; Tosef. Shebi. IV, 9 xrrii X21S). 

^r*Zi^f.,pZ.Sn n 'Z"l^l)(v.n-U)«tt/i5sor</j;H»is. 
Sabb. 105 a (ex'pl. OTHpJ'fc (Ms. 6. *^0Da, v. Babb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 6) the thrums or slips to which the threads of 
the warp are attached. Ib. b "'d'UttJ CpVtt Ms. 0. a. Bashi 
(ed. sr-ru-: ; Ms. M. xrr*:i-; Ms. Alf. xr-r-c-;, v. u'c) 
pulled the thrums (of his garment, to indicate his anger). 
[— [2) (v. XSTS II) dry ttvigs, chips. Succ. 29 a xp->T xrx 
'a ";=*;-•; xpi Ar. (ed. otto^s two xpi; Ms. M. i xri-rx; 
2S<rV"^; ed. Pes. a. oth. "Z^) a wind came and stirred up 
the withered twigs of the covering of the Succah. 

TllSE, v. rtn*a 

SJTlffi2 m. (is*) stalk.— PL V&3X8Q, X~-:sz. Targ. Y. 
Gen. XL, 10 (not X^iS":). Targ. T* I ib. 12 (h. text 'X+W). 

NTX2, STIXQ m.= xns-s II.— PL "ptwa, K^pia, 
'WQ. Targ! Koh! IX, 1 4. Targ'. I Sam. XXH.4, sq.ed.Wii. 
(v. m II). 

nnilKS f. (b. h.; *flx) hunting apparatus, net, trap; 
bote. Kel. XXI, 3, v. IttA*. Ib. XV, 6 rnVrffl mSBO a 
trap for weasels. Sabb. 43 b 'aa Wrs" 1 V&B he must not 
spread the mat so as to form a trap (for the bees). Esth. 
B. to III, 2 (ref. to Ps. CXL, 6) '21 SY'nx "4 HOIS TJ the 
nations laid a trap to ruin me, saying to me, worship 
idols &c. Ab. Ill, 16 'albr RtOhB 'a a net is spread over 
all the living (none can escape divine judgment); a. e. — 
Ber. 9 b ; Pes. 119 a D^n TQ flM IT to Ms. M. (v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 30) like a net without fish; (oth. vers. 
" in . . tO like a fort without provision; Bashi: like a 
trap without grain to attract the birds), v. I"&EEQL — PL 
tftPCtq. Tosef. Bets. Ill, 1; Y. Sabb. XIII, 14 a bot,; Y. 
Bets. tH, 62 a top trrOM; a. fr.— [Y. Erub. IV, 21' 1 bot. 
nvnxn, read: r.-isixa.] 

SITO"!!^, Tosef. Bekh. V, 3, v. IWrtlft a. yTX. 

#7\*Vl%,12 f. ch.=h. tVjmi, 1) net, trap. Y. Kil. I, 27 a 
bot. *SI\ rtWOla x:Ha O-iS X2tt herewith Kahana laid 
his net for Besh Lakish and caught him; Gen. B. s. 7, 
end (some ed. rTtPlSO}; a. e.— 2) stronghold.— Pi. ROTOta. 
Targ. Jud. VI, 2 (ed. Lag. Xrx-S-). V. MffBOi 

/ I ^ _ f. (b. h. ; tvrs) command, esp. religious act, mer- 
itorious deed. Hull. 141 a , a. fr. /- 2 1-13 for a religious 
purpose, opp. flWfl tJ?15 for a secular or religiously in- 
different purpose. — 'a n^nVs v.iran'-^. — Ab.IV, 11 rr.n'z 
one good deed, opp. STnaS sin. Ib. ^3 '"O nz& the reward 
of a good deed is another good deed, v. *"Ha. Ib. II, 1 '"2 
fibp a light command (obejed with little sacrifice); Ned. 
39 b ; a. fr. — I t't*jfj tlX2n 'z a religious act achieved 
through a wrong deed, e. g. using an illegitimately ob- 
tained object for a religious ceremony. Succ. 30 a ; a. fr. — 
Y. Sabb. XIII, 14 a bot. ; Y. Hall. I, end, 58 a 'a mtO yn 
no-sin is virtue ; rt^SS 'a "pX no-virtue is sin. — Zeb. 52 a , 
a. fr. 'z (sub. p"p) an offering dependent on certain oc- 
casions as ordained in the Law, opp. FCin an obligatory 
offering (at regular seasons). — 'a "nenx, v. "fiSTX. — Y. Sot. 
I, beg. 16 b arOt?i (IX) '•& r na m w is this said only as a rec- 
ommendation or as an indispensable act?; Y. Pes. II, 29 lj 
bot., a. fr., v. MSrt?.-Hnll.l06 a '*: OTOa because it is merit- 
orious; '31 r™r"; "2 ''2 -X2 what is the merit of it? It is 
meritorious to obey &c. Ib. tlTOI X;X '~2 x;i n-*n X5 
neither an obligatory, nor a meritorious, but a religiously 
indifferent act; Sabb. 25 b . — nrr r"ji"2 (abbr. r"a) a posi- 
tive command; nrrr xb 'z a prohibition. Kidd. 1,7; a. v. 
fr., v. X2-5, a. bft, IX;. — '•: na the corpse of a person 
whose relatives are unknown and whose burial is oblig- 
atory on everybody. Hor. 13 a 'E na ~~2 Viz they struck 
upon a corpse ; a. fr. — M. Kat. 20 a 'a Vra H P O H the five 
relations (besides father and mother) whom one is obliged 

to bury (Lev. XXI, 2, sq.). — Lev. B. 8. 34 


'a ^ "]P give 




me what thou ait commanded to, i. e. alms, v. next w. — 
PL tVtim, rviisa. Mace. 23 b 'a . . . h16W 11510 six hundred 
and thirteen commands (positive and prohibitive). Y. 
Sabb. 1. c; Y. Hall. 1. c. (ref. to nisan nbx, Lev. XXVII, 
34) '31 'a "jWlSpal }rPW dX if thou doest them as they 
are commanded, they are deeds of merit &c. E. Hash. 
28 b "|2aTn xbx " ( n^S *Q13> 13^X 'a one violates the law 
by adding to the prescribed form of ceremonies only 
when executed in their due season (e. g. one does not 
violate the law by dwelling in the Succah on the eighth 
day). lb. 1-1313 rVD'nx y* 'a ; Ber. 13 a '3 rWtf 'a, v. hSJ*. 
Succ. 39 a , a. e. '21 "pda "^13 'an b3 the benediction at the 
performance of religious ceremonies must precede the 
act. Nidd. 61 b b"3>b tllbdd 'a ceremonial laws find no ap- 
plication in the hereafter (e. g. a dead body may be 
wrapped in Kilayim). lb. 'an "p ilUBn, v. "'lUEn; a. v. 
ftp,— Ker. 17 b (ref. to Lev. V, 17) \f*p rvnxa the tradi- 
tional reading (v. dX) is acts (therefore a doubt between 
two pieces, one permitted and one prohibited, is required 
for a sacrifice (">lbn dllJX). lb. 'a XS^b the requirement of 
two pieces is not complied with. 

T\W2 (h. form), ^riTl^a, NfllED ch.same. Targ. 
Y. I Num. XII, 16.— Targ. Y.II Deut. XXV, 10— [Y.Kidd. 
I, 61 b bot. IffWlBb 'a XDX, v. WBMX.]— Esp. charity. Lev. 
E. s. 34 rTCRJ Tfehtt* Xa2> b3 let every one distribute charity; 
a.e.— PL 1«5M, *W«*0, rWflWa Targ.Y.IIDeut. VII, 10. 
Targ. Y.II Num. I.e.; a.e.— Lev.E.l.c. n*OS KW S^aiU X3X 
'a I hear that he is charitable. lb. s. 3 ilpnal rmWI 
'a 13 he desires to be called a charitable man. Y. Ber. 
IX, 14 b bot. '31 'a "psa iina ia3U5 lUnB ed. Lehm. (oth. 
ed. omit "nna) 'a carrier Pharisee', he looks as if carrying 
religion on his shoulder; Y. Sot. V, 20 c bot. rtJJTWp} "pJO, 
Num. B. s. 9 (prov.) X^dxb MTiB n^nixab . . . Wnh a gate 
which opens not for good deeds, will open for the phy- 
sician ; a. fr. 

""ISC, v. *r* 
m72, T?W$ v. xxa. 

"SD^SftQ m. (denom. of ma; •») wrangler, hair- 
I^McArcr. T Sabb. 152 a 'a wnp (id) ed.' (Eashi bbK**JM, 
Ms. M. X^Ba) Baldhead (wants to be) a hair-plucker!, v. 

TVT^n I f. (b. h.; bbx) [precipitous declivity,] glen, 
shaft? fish-pond. B. Bath. 67 a 'al n-dbm a sand-mound 
(for glass-making) and a glen (shaft for metal-digging; 
oth. opin. fish-pond); Arakh.32\ Meg. 6 b (missing in edi- 
tions revised by censors,v. Eabb. D.S. a. l.)rVd3in inx 1*PX1 
'ai (Ms. M. nidin) and on the fourth side it (Eome) is 
bounded by sand-hills (clay-ground) and glens (or shafts). 
—Ber. 9 b ; Pes. 119 a (d^*!) nil nd "pWD 'a3 (v. Eabb. D. 
8. a. 1. notes) like a pond without fish (oth. vers., v. next 
w.); Yalk. Gen. 154; Yalk. Kings 204; v. niisa. Mekh. 
B'shall., Shir., s. 5 (ref. to Ex. XV, 5, a. Jon. II, 4) ft« rpf 
'31 mx 'ab Jonah went down into one whirlpool, but 
they (the Egyptians) into two ; Yalk. Ex. 246.— PL niblXa, 
'isa. Mekh. 1. c. d^lS d^a xbx 'a "pal m. means rapid 
waters; (Yalk. I. c. '31 nbixa pXI); a. e. 

("it^D II f. fattj omp. rfcw>?) refuse, threshed-out 

halms] husks &c. Ber. 9 b ; Pes. 1 1 9 a "pn nd *pK1I5 'a3 Var. 

lect. (v.Eabb.D. S.a. 1. notes) like husks without grain.— 

PL nibixa. Tosef. Ter. X, 3 (Var. ed. Zuck. trbWti), v. 

nbis"" 1 ?. 

^n51SQ f. ch.= h. nbssa I, depth, glen. Targ. Job 

XLI, 23; a. fr. — PL xnbixa. Targ. Y. Ex. XV, 5. Targ. 

Ps. LXXXVIII, 7 (ed. Wil. sing.). 

DiDii2Q f. pi. (UBS; cmp. b. h. tmida, fr. tVp) (also 
used as sing.) a tube for measuring distances, a sort of 
telescope. Y. Erub. V, 22 d top [read :] '31 -isiral 'a x^da, 
v. "T^TQ (cmp. Tosef. ib. VI (V), 13). Y. ib. IV, 21 tl bot. 
'31 lb TO 'a (not rvnisa) he had a telescope &c. (Bab. ib. 
43 b rVlBlBUJ), v. Ittfro. 

n^B^lSZQ f. (ns^,Pi.) overlaid mouthpiece of a musical 
instrument.' Keh XI, 7 ; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. I, 7 nid^a 
(corr. ace). 

fc^l^Q m. ("('""4) chirper; X32nn 'a [smoke-chirper,] 
cricket' in the chimney. Midr. Till, to Ps. CII, 4 '12 p*in3 
'm (my days pass in smoke) like that cricket (ed. Bub. 
*ip"n XX^Xa, read "np-n, the cricket on the hearth, v. Bub. 
a. 1. note 14). 

D n p£E, T^XQ (psa) mortals, v. pstj. 

3?"l1]IQ m. (b. h. sn'xa; STlX) feper. Neg. XIII, 11. Ib. 
Xiv/i. Meg. I, 7 -jbma 'a, -isdia 'a, v. dbn II. Ned.64 1 '; 
». v. ftp.— Ft. BWiao, l^isa. Neg. xiv/13. Ketfa. T7 b 

bot. bddd 'a "pX there are no lepers in Babylonia; a. fr. 
fcCTOQ oh. same. Targ. Y. Lev. XIV, 2; a. e. 

niLID f. (b. h. "HSU; naa) quarrel, wrangling. Bnh. 
74 a ; 79 a ; Keth. 33 a (ref. to Ex. XXI, 22) '31 rTffnaBB '80 
the text speaks of a fight with murderous intent; Ex. 
E. s. 1. Y. Naz. IX, end, 58 a (ref. to Ex. 1. c. a. 18) xbm 
'31 nd^-ia ton 'a x^n are not matsuth and m'ribah the 
same?; Y. Snh.IX, 27 a bot. ; Y. B. Kam. IV, 4 C top. Gen. 
E. s. 50 (play on nista, Gen. XIX, 3) '31 hVrti 'a a great 
dispute arose (between Lot and his wife) about the salt; 
Yalk. ib. 84. Pesik. Vattomer, p. 133 b (ref. to 1X3, Lam. 
IV, 15) n"dpnb 'a ibSd . . . ibj. xb they did not go into 
exile until they had become contestants against the Lord. 
[Not to be confounded with niaa, pi. of nsa, a. nixa, pi. 
of nisa.] 

&<rV)2&2, 'ISSQ ch. same. Targ. 0. Gen. XIII, 7 (some 
ed. / isa). Targ. Ps. Ill, 7 (h. text tnidd"; !). Targ. II Sam. 
XV, 4 ;' a. e. 

t:: - tt:- t t » • 

T72D2 m. (b. h.; nns to glisten) forehead. Koh. E. to 
XII, 2 'an m n*nm 'and the moon' (ib.) means the fore- 
head; Lev. E. s. 18 'an nr -nxm (Sabb. 151 b nn^B It). 
Yoma 7 b , a. e. in^a b2? IrYTlS as long as it (the plate) is 
on the high priest's forehead; a. e. — Trnsf. effrontery. 


Tanh. T*ruiu. 1 1 rz:r:~ 'z » ns=? to atone for the brazei; 
front. Kidd. 70* rflO, v. WW; a. e. 

Sni?C ch. same. Targ. Y. I Gen. IV, 8. 
rZZ'2'212, Gen.R.s. 65, end '-';, read feOlS&tt r. v. ==s. 

shewed, rom, v. sub •» 

K "!£ -, XLT2 (b. h. ; cmp.-J-.) to reach; to find. B. Mets. 
1, l r-r-vrsrz ax I found it. lb. J ' rtTOXQ -xa x:--x t«i 
':- rrr-X"i I might have thought 'I found it' meant 'I 
discovered it', although he had not taken it up &c. lb., 
a. e. '=" mri -xrx - ; rrxriai 'and which thou hast found' 
(Deut. XXII, 3) means that it came into his possession. 
Gitt. IX, 10 ~-~v -" ~z 'a he discovered in her some- 
thing disgraceful (infidelity); '31 mnx'a he found another 
woman handsomer than she; — 'z' 3X . . "3 VSB ~z 
what do we find with regard to — ? So also &c, i. e. as 
in the case of—, so &c. Sifra Vayikra, N'dab., ch. VIII, 
Par. 7 'Z' -----2 3X. . .STiapm "&W0 ha as when burning 
(the sacrifice on the altar) the head is separated from 
the trunk, so when pinching the neck of the bird the head 
must be severed &c. ; a. fr. — Part. pass. *iaa, f. ITCPL; 
pL """aa; ffi^xa accessible, frequent; likely. Arakh. 30 b 
.'- -j-s xa -1 'and he find the means' (Lev. XXV, 26), this 
excludes the case of the means being accessible, i. e. of one 
who had the means at the time being. B. Mets. 27 a (ref. to 
Deut. XXII, 3, v. supra) '31 bxx *tr1 aa^tt irr OKtt 18 that 
which is lost to him but accessible to any body else; i~i~"~N 
';" ~'SH'z WW ".'i m ~ lost to him and inaccessible to every- 
one else (e.g. swept away by a flood). Sabb. 151 b IS fflDS 
'31~"~ 'Xfi xaia ITTUWJ do good while thou findest(an oppor- 
tunity), and it is possible to thee (thou hast the means), and 
thou art yet in thy own power (possessest thy faculties). 
Snh. 86" 'a; D-fi fctton "3 'if one be found stealing &c.' 
(Deut. XXIV, 7), this excludes the case when the abducted 
and sold person was in his power (his own child &c). lb. 
TQTl •-"- ■-" :r;r the case is to be judged as if they (the 
children) had been in his possession. Gen. R. s. 85 "iBSJri 
r m z:~.'z 'a the note can be produced for collection, i. e. 
evidence can be found against us. Gitt. i 1 ' 'a a^r "pX 
• z~~p~ no witnesses are to be had to identify it. B. Mets. 
18 a 'a r-— •I'm* CTIpZJQ where caravans pass frequently. 
Esth. E. to I, 1, v. "-"-. lb. (ref. to Ps. XXI, 9) "p" 1 NPIP, 
"pa^'Xa Z~Z~~ '- thou shalt have the opportunity of 
punishing thy enemies. B. Kam. 4 a 'a ripiTJi the damage 
through it is frequent. lb. 60 a 'a Wl an ordinary wind, 
'a WW Wl an extraordinary wind; a. v. fr. 

Nif. azz: to be found. Gen. R.s.85 rcroaa UttagV who 
are caught at a theft; a. fr.— Esp. to turn out, to follow, to 
result. Hull. I, 4 '31 "183 ': the result is, what is legal in 
slaughtering is illegal in pinching. Pes. 25 b TOP '31, v. 
'lab II. Sifre Deut. 210 tf*TO3 a-aa: from which we can 
consequently derive. — Y.Pes.V, beg. 31 c , *ttf» "XS-;: 
thou turnest out saying, i. e. the result is, consequently. 
i— "T015 (xaar) "^Z'T ax (abbr. b'TX) if you will say. Gitt. 
82 b '=" xr"X -a*'; X'^.r 3X if you will adopt the opinion 
of &c. Sabb. 136* '3* "-'~t V'rs if you assume that they 
differ &c. ; a. fr.— Tosef. Ohol. IV, 12 '31 lalb jtr.r:': if 
j'ou assume kc. 

825 *TD 

Hif. x-aan to furnish, provide with. Gen. R. 1. c. 
'31 n"2pn 'm TQK3 they (the tokens) had been lost, and 
the Lord provided others instead. Hag. 5 a (ref. to ",X^ar, 
Deut. XXXI, 21) '3- X-uaa 13-a* nar what remedy is there 
for a slave for whom his master invents evils and troubles ? 
lb. '31 Vf)> msa 1? X'saan he who is ready to furnish 
the means (of his delivery) to the poor man in distress 
(by which the persecutor's greed is increased); [Rashi: 
he who has money ready for the poor man in extreme 
distress, instead of helping him to a livelihood in due 
time]. Arakh. 30 b (ref. to Deut. XIX, 5) SWRfflO BnD xxai 
TO33 rx 'and it strikes', this excludes the case of one who 
brings himself within the range of the missile (after it 
is started); Mace. 8 a ; a. e. 

" I ]£Q I, 5tf2272 ch. same, to reach, be able; to master. 
B. Mets. 114 b '3- x: _ ua X: nr3~X3 I could not master 
four orders of the Talmud, how could I master six? — 
lb. 14 a , a. fr. ifh ~ax "-sz he may say to him. B. Bath. 
84 a "p min W*0 (mil) X*3 (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.) thou wouldst 
not have had the right to retract; '31 pnxa. .JfftiBtl now 
that thou hast overreached me, canst thou retract? ; a. fr. 

Ithpe. "aa"X, 'ax [to find one's self] to succeed. Keth. 
62 a '31 "H3! '^X xb the gentile did not succeed in keeping 
pace with him. Ned. 89 1 ' VOXtvA 'ax xVl... B"m he tried 
his utmost (v. XQ5 1), but had no success in his studies; a. e. 

Af. X^xaX (with rvrs:, or without) to place one's self 
within sight of an enemy so as to give him a chance for 
reconciliation, to be ready for reconciliation. Yoma 87 a 
r Vtt ft fl X^saa r.m (v. Rabb.D. S. a. 1. note; ed. X^xaai 
n-;).— [Keth. 60 b x^aa., v. "aa II.] 

* ! ¥!2t Tl'^2 yZKFZ) (b. h.) to squeeze, wring, esp. to 
u-ring out the blood of the bird sacrifice. Sifra Vayikra, 
N'dab., ch. VIII, Par. 7 hJfha Btth he wrings it; a. fr. 

Pi. nra, nsa 1) same. Zeb. VI, 5, sq.; a. fr.— 2) to 
pour out to the T last drop, to drain. lb. 64 b nsa'] rr: -z 
'31 iTSB"] (ed. punctuate nsa^, Hif.) it does not say (Lev. 
V, 9), 'he shall pour out (the remainder) at the bottom 
&c.', but 'it shall be wrung out', which means, that it 
will run out to the bottom of itself. Ter. XI, 8 *:""~ 
WOl (Y. ed. ra"a"; Ms. M. rsat) if he bent the vessel 
and drained it; B. Bath. 87 b (Ms. H. a. R. r^'Z'); ib.V,8 
(87 a ) nr^ai WO**! (Y. ed. PCttfl; Bab. ed. n^STll, Ms. M. 
narai; Ms. R. RBljpol). Gen. R. s. 85; s. 92 (play on X^:, 
Gen. XLIV, 16) '31 MStaa KYT8 HT3 as one drains a vessel 
and leaves nothing but the lees. Midr. Till, to Ps. L1X 
(play on xxa, Prov. XVIH, 22) rtsaa x^n nr- ItDNTtB 
'31 irvna 'jVo r m z-zr, (;3) ed. Bub. (oth. ed. rxaaa, a.oth. 
variants) when the wife is bad, she drains all the good 
things out of his house and makes him poor; Yalk. Prov. 
957 X"a*aa (read: n"^aa); a. fr.— 3) (cmp. SXa) nTV- '- 
to measure exactly. Erub.IV, li(52 b ) -,':rr: r-—z:zn *-x 
'31 the surveyors(in marking distances for Sabbath limits) 
do not measure exactly (but mark within the limits), in 
order to allow for mistakes. — Trnsf. to sound one's learn- 
ing. Men. 18 a "^niTa nisas to have my own learning 
examined; '31 "rWTfla 'ab to sound the learning of &c. 

Hithpa. naara to be wrung out; to be emptied, drained 




Sifra Vayikra, Hob., Par. io, ch. XVIII; Zeb. 64 b yTurna 
TlD^b D^Bana where the remainder is poured out towards 
the bottom of the altar; a. fr. [Ib.Vl,4 (64 1 ') nsana HYI, read 
nan, v. Rabb. D.S. a. 1. note 50.]— Y.R.IIash.I,56 (l top; 
Y. Shek. Ill, beg. 47 1 ' '31 ib^b nisrana p )HC 12 op to that 
time (the first of Elul) the latest births of the old year 
(of those conceived before the first of Nisan) take place 
&c. — Tmsf. (with y3irn)fo be exactly counted, to be finally 
settled. Y. Sot. I, 17 a (he sufl'ers a loss by the death of 
his ox &c.) nsana fatJWtl and the account (of his sins) 
is settled; ib.; Num. R. s. 9 *31 KSIitna nnx, v. SHKI; Koh. 
R. to VII, 27. 

"^£?II ch. same, 1) to wring. Zeb. 65 lj Bib *>$$\ fm 
'31 (not CT 'VOxn, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 1) and since he 
wrings the blood out, he does the act prescribed for the 
burnt-offering &c— 2) to suck. Sabb. 54 b Wnta^y. rV«. 

Pa. i$a to give suck. Keth. 60 1 ' *KU (T»V SOSaa she will 
give him (her own child) more suck. 

Ithjia. ^Sanx, Ithpe. "TSttlnaj, ^sa^x to be wrung out, 
drained. Targ. Lev. I, 1 5 ; a. e.— Targ. Job IV, 1 2 TOatVttl 
(Ms. ^ ±U PP r y» Itfc/*.; h. text yaiB). 

fcTXQ m. (•$$) quarreler, v. Ki*««a. 

&TXI3, Tosef. Sabb. VII (VIII), 1 'Srt, v. K*W. 

f'W'XD f. (XSa) 1) finding, discovery. Y. Sot. I, beg. 
lfi b (ref. to' >aa, Deut. XXIV, 1) '31 aipa b=3 'a ys* 'find- 
ing' means everywhere ascertaining through witnesses. — 
2) something found. Gitt. V, 3 EMS'' Kb 'a XSlan the finder 
of a lost object cannot be made subject to an oath (if the 
owner claims more). B. Mets. 8 a , v. n33 ; a. fr. — PI. tlWnta. 
lb. II, 1 '31 l^ffl 'a lbx the following things if found be- 
long to the finder, and the following must be published; 
a. fr. — Tmsf. precious things. — PI. as ab. Gen. R. s. 50 
(ref. to niNSnsn, Gen. XIX, 15) '31 'a VH8 two precious 
acquisitions, Ruth &c; ih. s. 41 ; Yalk. ib. 70; 84. 

stfPS" l IlD ch. same.— PI. ItfttQ. Y. B. Mets. II, 8 c bot. 
•31 1351 ''a 1TMO rWO TDS he gains for himself the re- 
putation of one returning lost objects, and makes great 
gains; '31 'a nna anii'TO trt "an people see him return 
lost objects and give in his trust &c. 

n"Q n 3H3, Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. I, 7, v. rY^pWD. 

H^Q, v. ttfKBO. 

Ti^ll'C f. (nsa) =i>lJI' , a, wringing out the blood. Sifra 
Vayikra, N'dab./ch. VIII, Par. 7.— PI. WMta, Hull. 132 b 
bot. (missing in Tosef. Dem. II, 7; Men. 18 b ). 

nV^a i.,pi. niV'sa (b. h. n^a; ^) d bens. 

Pes. 50 a (ref. to Zech. XIV, 20) '=1 pVrWJ 'a «3 all bells 
which they suspend on the horse . . . shall be sacred unto 
the Lord.— [2) (homilet.) shades. Ib.; Y. ib. Ill, end, 30 1 ', 
v. bbx Hi/".] 

SFl-pXD f. (bsa), v.^~ tiVnpj toe washer? fork (?). 
Targ. I Sam.' XIII, 21 Kimhi (ed. nbsa, 'S^a; ed. bag. 
nibxa ; h. text "pabp). 

KQ)tfqi ' n xa, v. «*?$». 

^ n 2272, &O n XD m.(5>?0) 1) (noun) middle, midst. Targ. 
0. Num. XXxV,5 5*Sa ed.Berl.(oth. ed. KJ*Xa ; Y. MnTO).— 
Constr. Wpa. Targ. Ps. XXII, 2:i; a. e.— PI. fOTWO. Targ. 
Jud.XV, 4 ed.Lag. (oth. ed.'|3^a).— 2) (adj.) middle, aver- 
age. Ned. 81 b top R.N. (ed. twya).— KSWa N33. v.33l.— 
[JOS^a, Targ. Prov. XXIX, 13 Ms., v. X^a.] 

(IS" -*Q m. (preced.) /yiw^ betiveen, central, average. 
Targ. Ex. XXVI, 28 ; a. e. — P/. "W^. Targ. Jud. XVI, 
29; a. e., v. SO'-Tv?.— Fem. KrTO">Sa, KTOTtO. Targ. I Kings 
VI, 6 "WWS ed. Lag.; ib. 8.— B. Bath. 107 a tff&rSQ WlVa 
it is the average (between twenty and thirty). — Esp. 
fctwsa the middle clause of a Mishnah &c, contrad. 
to X1!3'"H first clause, and NB^D the ending clause. Hull. 
94 b ; a. fr. 

fcKVlS^XQ f. (preced. wds.) middle, centre; constr. 
r^ro. Targ! II Chr. VII, 7. Targ. Ps. XXXVI, 2; a. e. 

an^xn, mrpseq, v . nm 

t •• • : t-: • : t r • i 

acrxa, v. «*». 

t: - : t :- : 

^X^XQ m., £>£. constr. *¥W3 (ySa) compressed; SO"»S 'a 
having blinking eyes. Keth. 60 b bot. 

p^Z^TQ m. (b.h.; pis) oppressor, esp. Roman tax collector, 
v. p^Ba II.— PI. Bip^a, VP^a. Sifre Deut. 317; Yalk. ib. 
944 'z"\ h3 lpinnttJ 'B the oppressors that have taken 
possession of Palestine &c. 

"Tp^Q m. pi. (Chald. adapt, of h. 6PpW») mortals. 
Y. Kil. IX,' 32 b top 'a ffW rest now, ye mortals (it is 
Sabbath); Y. Keth. XII, 35 a ; Koh. R. to VII, 11 yprao 
(h. form). 


n n !pXQ, v. VO$>«!£a. 

pbxbXD m. pl.="pbs32, cymbals. Targ. I Chr. XV, 
28 ed. Lag!' (ed. Rahm. "plnriaa, Var. 'SO). 

n^XQ, v. xn^aa. 

S nn ri^XD, Yalk. Dan. 1061 tf^K 'ab yfip pf\ (some 
ed. VTHrboxb) read: «^3ba ^sb, there (Deut. IV, 28) the 
images of the kings are called gods (authorities); Lev. 
R. s. 33 N^rbob. 

SriQXQ m. (rvtybrightness; StaVI nTCOSa noow. Lev. 
R. s. 24*(Tanh. K'dosh. 9 fti^STS). 

yQX/3 (v. ysa) <o squeeze, suck, sip. Y. Ter. XI. 47'' 
bot. Vasab D^IDinaa when they are too poor to be sucked 

out. y.'b. Mets. vii, beg. n b yasa-"! a^sna C)Vp sbr 

Dt35Sa he must not peel (taste the surface of) the figs 




or take a suck of the grapes (and throw them away) ; 
Y. Maasr. II, 50 a bot. y VCt X t\ (read: "■:•J•:•:' , ). Gen. R. s. 
60 (expl. tVffmi, Gen. XXIV, 21, as if fr. nrr) fORM 
" n"" he sipped (the water which she handed him) 
and looked at her; Yalk. ib. 109. 

kmxd, K^m Ngsso, v. *&m. 

r"!li- f. (b.h.; v. r:2 a. derivatives) [the bright head- 
. ] turban esp. the priest's turban. Tosef. Yoma I, 10 
W '-- "Tf.'S" '--'Z be took the turban from the head of 
one of them, and they knew that the count for the lot 
was to begin with him ; Yoma 25 a . Ib. '=1 bin "nxa 'a 
is there a turban (mitsnefeth) among common dresses (not 
used at the priestly service)? Ib. VII, 5 ; a. fr. 

xr.r::r:, kotsd, k&xoq ch. sa me T arg . is. 

XXII, T 18!' Targ.Ex. T XXYIII, 37. Targ. Zech.III, 5; a. e — 
11. ly'JJtU Targ. Y. Ex. XXVni, 4 (ed. Vien. 't^Trl 0. 
ed. Berl. -£":;■: . 

"'±2 (v. i-.z-z) to press, squeeze. — Denom. rjax q. v. 

Pi. "Vr !) ( v - ^a Hithpa.) to be exact in calculation, 
to measure exactly. Tosef. Erub.IV (III), 4 HX ITSFa DX1 
':" ~T,T- and if they (those authorized to lay for him 
the Erub, v. WTO) measured the Sabbath limit exactly 
(laying the Erub in opposite directions, each exactlj- at 
2000 cubits from his present place), he must not move 
from his place; Erub. 50 b ; Y. ib. Ill, 21 b '=1 PX rs^a if 
he had the Erub laid &c. Ib. '=" rx rvi'l (read W«) 
if they (the partners) laid the Ernb &c; Tosef. ib. IX 
(VI). 12 rs-a (read: Wo); a. e. — 2) (denom. of 5*») 
to place in the middle. Snh. H, 1 WS0R3, v. rWRJO. Y. Ber. 
V, end, 9' 1 "jTWl rx ' )TMMJ<J the priest is calied upon to 
read between the two common Israelites. Gen. R. s. 95 
';■ T'x "ruaa l"n they took him in the middle and 
guarded him. Pes. 1 1 l a TOKU t ftl xbl TOXaa "px nirblE there 
are three objects we must not allow to pass between two 
persons, nor must any person be passed between them. — 
Part. pass. rsiaa a) exactly placed (=-,i!ca); b) placed 
behceen. Zeb. 58 b *3\ TOW ' - - TZVZ the altar was placed 
exactly in the centre of the Temple; Yoma 16 a ; ib. 33 b ; 
Sifra Vayikra, N'dab., Par. V, ch. VII rsaa. Ex. R. s. 2 
'=" ~U"X- ' IU TP1 ' -^ T^tra who was standing in the very 
centre of the fire. Y. Ber. IV, 8 b top nssraa VtttiB . . . hVm 
'31 knowledge is something great, for it is placed between 
two divine names (I Sam. II, 3). 

"%12 ch. Pa. raa same, to pass betioeen. Pes. lll a "X", 
"rnr: -xa xrua Ms. M. (ed. n-rcpr -xa 'f'-ftguij -x*) and 
if it (the serpent) passed between &c.(ed. and if they allow- 
ed it to pass &c). Ib. (TO rvrx fft xrsa-; ed. (Ms. M. 

in-:- traon ; Ms. O. bttttTt; Ar. s. v. - t -S : N*E% v. 

Rabb. D. S. a. 1. notes 200, sq.) between whom a menstru- 
ant has passed. — [Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 a bot.; Y. Ter. VIII. 
45' 1 top x:-=c v±--(z). v. "-:.]— Part. pass. sr:a=h. WBI3, 
[ ▼. preced. Targ. Y. Num. XIX, 4. Targ. Y. II Gen. XLIX. 
14. Targ. Y. Num. XXI, 13 SSOO (h. form). 

VSfc m. (b. h.; »J) mattress, bed. B. Mets. H3 h , v. 
-,•"-■ T Ab. Zar. 10 b '=1 '"3 WW -a Oh! that I might be 
thy mattress in the hereafter!— Sabb. 55 b n?3a rx b~';-z 
he upset her (Bilha's) bed ; a. e. — PL r-rsa. Ib. Nidd. 
32 b . B. Bath. 53 b . Hag. 14 b '=■ ntttTO r-x/'a (fern.) fine 
dining couches were prepared for }ou; a. e. 

S>1£C ch. same. Targ. Y. Ex. XXII, 26 SSa (constr., 
not rsa). Targ. Y. Gen. XXXV, 22 (v. Sabb. 55 b quot. in 
preced.).— Ft. T&fr Targ. Ps. CXXXII, 3. 

S"ZC, v. ksxto. 

T : • t : • 

"1"S2 m. (b. h. ; nri) step.— [Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. I, 7, 
v. Tsra.] — PI. CHSXa, constr. I *VAU. Yalk. Jon. 550 *tfj 
"|TO nrx "n b; and the steps of every living creature dost 
thou examine.— [Arakh. VI, 3 (23 b ) "J-nrsa, v. isra.] 

S /TC m. (938) optpressor, creditor. Targ. Prov. 
XXIX, 13 ''a X-Q5 (Ms. x^r-s-3, read 'an of oppression; 

h. text arson r-x). 

fli^llZ, HSS2 (b. h.) pr. n. pi. Mizpeh or Mizpah 
(Watch-Tower). Vzah. II, 6 'an r-X the man of M. (or the 
governor of the Watch-Tower of the Temple). 

S'wiKI! (v. preced.) =h.nssa,name of several 
places. Targ. Josh. XI, 3. Targ. I Sam. XXII, 3; a. fr.— 

V. xrizo. 

Y%]2 (b. h.; v. "pa) to press, suck; to drain. Sabb. 
XlX,2"|-Ui*a"and compress the blood-vessels of the wound 
by sucking. Par. IX, 3 T'S'J.' a KTM3 she (the dove) sips (and 
lets no water out of her mouth again). Tosef. Sot, V, 9 
'31 telWI issiai "tou he takes out the fly and sucks it 
out and eats the dish; Y. ib.I, 17 a bot.; Gitt. 90 s . Lev. 
R. 8. 15 '=1 YStO Xinir xb not that the dry sponge drains 
the wound, but it protects it. Deut. R. s. 2 n?32 ~b "pX 
mal nniX "pia hast thou not a ring (containing poison) ? 
Suck it and die; a. fr. — [Cant. R. to in, 10 fflxa rss'a, 
read : rrsia, v. ns\] 

1T2EG ch. same, 1) to suck, drain. Targ. Ps. XII, 9. Ib. 
LXXV,'9 (some ed. fCOpBt] Pa.).— 2) to wring, press. Ib. 
LXXI1I, 10 frsaa Ms. (ed. "pOPIUj h. text tgBP).— V. f n, 


pSD (sec. r. of p2?) to pour, cast. Hor. 12 a -ppsia 
'=1 JOB T (Ms. M. '=1 lb "P*S?, fr. pS* 1 ) they pour oil on his 
head; (Ker. 5 b p^a). Gen. R. s. 12 '21 psia, v. tibsr.— 
Part. pass. p"^a cast, (poet.) mortal, v. ~'4'. 

IIEIZ I (sec. r. of -ns) to twist, make a rope. Y. Sot. 

VI, beg. T 20 d ninsia, v. "vta. 

ISC ch. same. Y. Sot. VI, beg. 20 d yrsq, v. Ita. 

"I22S H (denom. of nsa) to rfe/?7»« the boundaries, to 
bound. B. Bath. 61 b , sq., v. tfc h. 

ISC ch. same. B. Bath. 61 b top '=1 *THa n"b 'an ;"rx 
althou»h he mentioned in the agreement the outer bound- 




aries of the land. lb. 'a X51 Prt 1SO"pb n^b |Wl he ought 
to have defined (the parts of the house which he sold), 
but did not do so. Ab. Zar.70 b ^"flpjp Ml *9pW ">»« "»^o 
Ms. M. (v. Rashi a. 1.) he may say (I stretched my hand 
over to the neighbor's roof, because) I wanted to measure 
the boundary lines on the roof; v. infra. 

Ithpe. isp^X to stretch one's self. lb. ed. Xp tWta^J 
X31SBO (not X^soo; v. Eashi a. 1., a. Koh. Ar. Compl. s. 
V. 12TO ; Rashi Var. X31SOO Xp IISOIX, corr. ace.) I stretch- 
ed myself, v. MO ch.— [B. Bath. 6 b XSIISOO Xp ^IXpo, a 
gloss borrowed fr. Ab. Zai\ 1. c. ; v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 

")SQ,"122 n Q m.(b.h.; 11SI) 1) narrow, jmm». Hull. 50 b 
(expl.">OlEn D13) n-jobl "ion IB from where the stomachbe- 
gins to narrow and downward (the animal being suspended 
with its head down).— 2) distress. Midr. Till, to CXVIII, 5 
D11SB3 ""CIO 'on ",0 'out of distress' (ib.) alludes to Egypt; 
Yalk. ib. 875. — 3) a narrow path marking the boundary 
between fields, balk, ridge; in gen. boundary. B. Bath. 55 a , 
v. 3Sn II. Y. ib. Ill, beg. 13 d ; Y. Kidd. I, 60 d top "fc '^£N 
D1HS even the (common) balk between them; Y. Peah 
II,beg.l6 d . B.Mets.l07 a 'on & TaWj ",^X a tree standing 
on the balk. Ib. lbl3 'on b3 xbooa when it covers the 
entire width of the balk. B.Bath. 53 b Km'o ixn',3 n 1oX 13 
Xin KS1R "Wll XS1X Ms. M. (ed. Xin in X21X1 '») do 
we say, this balk belongs to both fields (and taking pos- 
session of it means possession of both)? Ib. XIOBX 'o 
'21 X21X1 (Ms. 0. XIOIO; differ, in Ms. M.), v. X16BX. Ib. 
62 a '31 "pIXI 'O the field which I sell thee is contiguous 
to Reuben's on the east and on the west side; a. fr. — PI. 
n-nsp boundary lines, bounds. Ib. 6l b 'o lb "tfttB W» 
Dlixnn although he defined (in the agreement) the outer- 
most lines (of the group of buildings or fields), 3inn 'o 
15 he intended only to give an amplified description of 
the situation (not to sell him the entire group). Ib.VII, 3 
Tnaomi fWTJS (if he says, I sell thee a Beth Kor of land) 
giving its description and boundaries (and it turns out 
to be less than a Beth Kor); a. fr.— Sabb. 118 a xb3 nbns 
'o a boundless possession. 

"1SQ, &*"J12Q, '2H3 I ch. same. B. Bath. 5 a XS1X fSl 
'31 'ox bought a fieid contiguous to the estate of R. — 
lb., a. fr. 'o 131 WH the prerogative of the neighbor, the 
right of preemption. B. Mets. 108 b , a. fr. 131 W1 n3 n^b 
'o the law of preemption does not apply in this case. 
B. Bath. 62 b , v. xabD; a. fr. — PL iiara, TO. Ib. 61 b , v. 

TGBQ, NHSO, ' n E II m. (ISO I, y. ^ISO I) rope of 
rushes &c. ; 1 ) a contemptuous name for slave (cmp. XD11X). 
B. Bath. 127 b nxo 'o X133J T$> "^IXpl when he had been 
in the habit of calling him (whom he now claims to be his 
son) promiscuously 'slave', 'metsar (rope)', 'one hundred'); 
11 nxo [musi] nxo xi33> 'o nxo 'o no (v. Rabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 70) what is metsar meah? M. means slave; 
meah, that he is worth one hundred Zuz; [differ, inter- 
pret, in comment.— Alf. 11T nxo X133> 'o 1133K ilOXI for 
people say, 'the rope of a slave (is worth) one hundred 
Zuz']. — 2) a cable stretched across a river and holding 

a board suspended, rope-bridge. M. Kat. 6 b bot. Kidd. 81 a . 
Bets. 7 b . B. Bath. 167 a 'OS W 1 UK I would put my hand 
on a rope-bridge (and write to imitate the writing of 
a trembling hand). 

S122Q m. vat, v. K1£"3. 

T . - ' t : : - 

nana?, wazj; n n^a, K^spj, ' n a m. C h.=i.. 

■nso, Egyptian. Ta'rg. Gen'. XXXIX,' 1; 2; 5 (Y. HJ1 . ., 
read: "Wl . .). Targ. 0. Ex. II, 11 "nsp ed. Berl. (oth. ed. 
■n . . ; Y. insp, corr. ace). Targ. Y. II ib. lSITVTSa (read 
801 . .); a. e'— Y. Sabb. V, beg. 7 b Vf^Tn xblS, v. "Olb. 
Gen. R. s. 64, end nxiS^o Klip the Egyptian heron; a. 
e.— PI. ^Xisp, '313. Targ. Gen. XLIII, 32 ; a. fr. — Fern. 
xtiisp, xnisp, 'to. ib. XVI, 3.— PI. kitiiso. Targ. Ex. 
I, 19 (Y. ed. Vien. fctrrn . . , corr. ace). 

nsn^Q, v. ns3iso. 

T T : ■.•' TT T ■. 

V?*T)Xo, v. toW 

"H^2 I m. (v. *<'4Vl) anything hoisted of rushes, palm- 
twigs &c. 'O 53n a common rope (badge of disgrace worn 
by the Sotah, v. n-jio). Sot. I, 6 ; a. fr.— [Y. ib. 1, 17 a top ; 
Num. R. s. 9 take our w. to mean Egyptian, v. next w.]. — 
Fern, n-nsp. Sot. II, l, a. fr. 'o ns^as, v. ns^ss. 

n "l!2D II m. (b. h.) Egyptian. Yeb. VIII, 3 1211X1 'o 
an Egyptian and an Edomite convert, lb. 76 1 ', a. e. 'o 13 
'31 ip Wl an Egyptian proselyte was my fellow student 
&c. Ib. "JH13X1 'O an original Egyptian proselyte, opp. to 
1113 'O the son of an Egyptian proselyte. B. Bath. Ill, 6 
'on dblO an Egyptian (small) ladder ; a. fr.— PI. 3"- "3p, 
di-Sp. Pes. X, 5. Ex. R. s. 1 ; a. fr. — Fern. PP130. Yeb. 
1. c.'nJIUJKI 'O, niT13 'O, v. supra. B. Bath. 1. c. 'on yibn, 
v. "jftrj; a. fr.— PI. ni*130. Ex. R. 1. c; a. fr. 

nSfiSi KJ3S v. nx^so. 

D"H2?Q (b. h.) pr. n. Egypt. Pes. IX, 5 'o TOS, v. 111. 
Ex. R. s. 1 ; a. v. fr. 

mm a msa, v. ms tt) nm 

nS2")22Q m. (v. next w.) growing on the balk. Yoma 

i8 b (MsTM.'nx'jsp), v. xi^aia. 

TiDn^Q m. pi. (v. XiSp I) boundaries, adjacent fields. 
Targ. Y. Num. XXXIV, 12.— B. Bath. 63 a if he added in 
the agreement xnaiSp yVw (Alf. xnsxisp) these are the 
fields adjacent to it.' Ib. 128 a xnaiSO 11301 lUJBXhe may 
know exactly the estates contiguous to the field which 
he identifies. B. Mets. 108 b '31 11SO 13 1 msn those 
four neighbors of a field (entitled to preemption, v. 

xiso I). 
Snn^D, v . nxiso. 

T •• : • t t : • 

D^Q, Pi. fism, rwfe, v. nxv. 

Sri^lTil2Q f. (niS) bending; -jlllX niFlSO(not'p) mak- 
ing the ear willing to hear. Targ. Y. Gen. II, 7. 




&*2pE m.= h. napa, mallet. Bekh. 43 b iaT7 ppa 
'ab ITnain (not ppab) a makkaban is one whose head re- 
sembles that of a mallet. — PI. "pajsa. Targ. Jer. X, 4 (ed. 
Lag. "paipa). Targ. Is. XLIV, 12 (ed. Wil. paipa). 

iTl'D'SpD f. pi. (a jocular denom. of nbsp, adopted 
fr. Ex. XXVI, 5) founded on tradition; contrad. to niV^pa 
a corresponding feigned denom. of N^pa, founded on the 
Bible. Y. B. Kam. VIII, end, 6 C 1& 'ab T^S nn^n -,n 
(=' a N3) where didst thou learn these things, founded 
neither on Bible nor on tradition? 

CSJ >ij>Q m. ('^p I) one ivho takes in, wins. Targ. 
Prov. XI, 30, v. next w. 

CSi nJ^IlpC f. (preced.) taking in, winning. Targ. 
Prov. XI, 30 xnasn *V>2)1 'a (ed. Lag. rnrasfl sobapa) (the 
art of) winning souls is wisdom (Lag. a winner of souls 
is wisdom ; h. text COM nilB&S npb). 

13j^/2 m. (denom. of 3pa) one whose head is mallet- 
shaped. Bekh. VII, 1, v. N3pa. 

rQj5Q f. (b. h. ; ap5) mallet. Kel. XXIX, 7 -puns bl» 'a 
the stone-cutters' mallet. lb. 5,v.nFiBa. Tosef. Sabb. XIII 
(XIV), 17 '31 nbOSa S"5 'OS 1*1 xbl he must not strike 
(on the Sabbath) with the mallet on the chisel (to open 
a casket of dates) ... as one does on week days. — 
PL ninpa. Par. Ill, 11 pa *>ttJ 'a stone mallets. 

nlpD, v. rr-npa. 

lpP> T"!!pE m. (nnp) Sorer. Kel. XIII, 4. lb. 
XVII, 12 '31 ha»V^ffl bna 'a'xbas as large as the hole 
made with the large carpenters' borer kept in the Temple 
cell, which is the size of an Italian dipondium &c. ; Ohol. 
XIII, 1 ; Tosef. ib. XIV, 1. Ohol. II, 3 '31 'papa.. . 'a WHO 
what borer do they mean ? The small one used by phy- 
sicians &c. Ib. XIV, 2 XiniU ^3 'a s6a any hole made with 
the borer, v. SW^ffl ; Tosef. ib. XIV, 7. Tosef. Sabb. XIII 
(XIV), 17 rmpa; a. fr. — [Num. E. s. 9 &^n btt 'a some 
ed., read !"npa.] 

""IpE, v. "plpa i. 

WJ "Ip£> an abbreviation for Stamina, n^p, d^ and 
"■V""w, wrong intention at slaughtering a sacrifice, illegality 
concerning one part of a sacrifice, the legal effect of the 
sprinkling of the blood, and the occurrence of the word 
sh'lishi {third) in both laws under discussion. Zeb. 28 b . 

iL^pQ.m. (b. h.; tthp) sanctuary, esp. 'a or 'an lYq 
(abbr. a"nn) the Jerusalem Temple, contrad. to ptt5a the 
Tabernacle. M. Kat. 9\ Erub. 2 a 'a "np^aa piaa ",n3^X 
'31 'ai we find that the Tabernacle is sometimes called 
mikdash, and the Temple wwsAfam. — "jHUsn 'a the first 
Temple (the Solomonic Temple); iJlB 'a the second (post- 
exilic) Temple. Yoma 21 b ; a. e.— Ib. a'Tia ... MSlua when 
Solomon had built the Temple; a. fr. — PI. d^mpa. Meg. 

16 b 'a tlB two sanctuaries (that of Sbiloh and the Jerusa- 
lem Temple); Yalk. Gen. 152. 

OTpQi KCT |5Q, 'pJQ ch. same. Targ. Ex. XXV, 8 ; 
a. fr. — Y. Ber. II, Bf ~top''pia ift, mn=h. UHpan nta, v. 
preced. ; Lam. E. to 1, 16 "WTtt-ni 'jittJ'npa nn (not "pffilpa) 
the Temple of the Jews. — PL 'p tfffiU . Targ. Ez. XXI, 7 ; 
a. e. 

^FjlE'lp/Q f. = h. nvhp, prostitute. Targ. 0. Gen. 
XXXVIII, 21, sq. (ed. Vien.'^pa). 

fcO'lpQ, v. Napa. 

njpQ m. (b. h.; nip) gathering of water, esp. Vie 
ritual bath of purification. Yoma VIII, 9 (play on nipa 
hope, Jer. XVII, 13) 'SI inisa 'a na as the bath purifies 
the unclean, so does the Lord &c. Ib. 31 a a^Sa^X 'a "to 
n&<0 the contents of a ritual bath must be forty S'ah; 
Num. E. s. 18. Mikv. I, 7 '31 'ab niU3 has the qualification 
of a ritual mikveh when gathered in a pond, contrad. to 
*£Sa; a. v. fr. — Trnsf. means of purification. Kidd. 64 a 
'31 mro nipa biOim mm daughters of common Israel- 
ites are the means of purity (reinstatement to priestly 
status) for (the issue of) degraded priests, i. e. the daughter 
of an Israelite woman and a degraded priest may marry 
into priesthood; ib. 77 a ; Tosef. ib. V, 3; a. e.— PL nilpa, 
niaipa, 'llpa. Y. Ter. TV, 43 a bot. nilpa TO; Mikv.II, 3 
'Sl'a "01B two adjacent reservoirs one of which contains &c. 
Ib. 1, 1 ; a. fr. — Mikvaoth, name of a treatise of Mishnah 
and Tosefta of the Order of Toharoth. 

rnpZJ I ch. (v. preced.) 1) gathering of merchants, 
fair, merchants 1 station ; 2) goods at the fair. Targ. I Kings 
X, 28.-3) reservoir.— PL X^pa. Targ. Is. XXII, 11 (h. 
text nipa). 

illpD II m. (xnp) acid. Keth. 75 a Ar., v. RWp. 

D^p/E, v. nextw. 

| "ipD m. pi. (macellum, jxaxeXXov) 1) slaughter- 
house. Gen. E. s. 86, beg.; Midr. Till, to Ps. CV, 16.— 
2) meat-market, provision-market. Hull. 95 a bfcOU^ Tiaoi'a 
if there are meat-stands (kept by gentiles) in a place 
where the butchers are Jews. Ib. 92 b top "lttja "pbpltiJ "pX 
'aa nan they (the gentiles) do not retail carrion in the 
markets; a. fr.— [SifreNum. 131 a^lpaanb 13a they erected 
markets for them (Var. Disbp), v. S&p HI.]— Y. Hag. I, 
76 b top "pbipaa "ifix even if you have to buy your meat 
in the market (having no sacrifice of your own). 

bVipQ* v.abpi. 

DlpDm. (b. h.; dip) 1) place. Ab. Zar. 8 b ; Snh. 14 b 
diia 'an, v. SHI. Yoma 38 a bot. '31 ^aipaai "jliOpi -jaiM 
thou shalt be called by what name thou deservest, and 
given the place due to thee &c, i. e. be not afraid of 
human envy. Shebu. VII, 4 naipab nsiaian rtlfll the oath 
goes back to its home, expl. ib. 47 a "Vob nsiaili nitn the 
oath goes back to Sinai, i. e. no oath is demanded and 





no decision rendered, the case being surrendered to him 
who proclaimed on Sinai, 'thou shalt not rob' ; oth. opin. 
fib n^inab rtWMJ Win the oath goes back to him who 
by right should have been asked to make oath but could 
not be permitted to swear on account of disqualification, 
i. e. he must pay ; a. v. fr.— 'a So, 'a b33 (abbr. a"3, a"33) 
everywhere. Sabb. 40 b ; a. fr. — TB 'a bfi, a"33 wherever. 
Erub. 81 b . Meg. 29 a ; a. fr.— 'a iniN, v. trlK III— 2) ecm£- 
ence, substance; 'an Me Existence, the Lord (cmp. "pSa). 
Gen.E.s. 68 'a lniaywipi n*ajpfi bus ia© "psa no TiBa in 
circumscribing the name of the Lord, why do we call him 
Makom? laipa teV© "pm obis bttJ iaipa Ninw because 
He is the existence (the preserver) of the world, but His 
wor Id is not His existence; Pesik. B. s. 21 ; a.e. — Ab. Zar. 
40 h filial laVtt ibaiu 'an yra blessed be the Lord who 
has given his world over to preservers (who has created 
remedies). Nidd. 49 1 ' 11193 rVlT' 'an the Lord be with 
him. Ber. 16 b ; Lev. E. s. 5, v. ynbti; a. v. fr. 

DlplO, Treat. Sof'rim XXI, 7 'a 'Oris, v. biia. 

Nft^p/G, v. aapa. 

f]1pD m. (Cjlp, f)Bp; cmp. K©ip needle-eye) the eye of 
the coulter for the insertion of the horizontal pole. Kel. 
XIII, 3. 

"lIpQ m. (b. h.; lip, v. ^pl) fountain, esp.=bi lipa, 
the interior of the womb from where the menses are dis- 
charged. Nidd. 65 b . lb. 66 a ; a. fr.— [Pesik. B'shall., p. 89 b 
SWafaH fpo, v. Nipia I.] 

™l"lpQ m. (Ip3, v. next w.) beak, a tool for whetting 
millstones. Kel. XXIX, 6 (not Tpa). 

STlpQ ch. same, beak of a bird. Gen. B. s. 64, end, 
the Egyptian heron "pIK niipal whose beak is long ; 
Yalk. ib. Ill, end W np ttM (corr. ace). Gen. B. 1. c. aff 
V\ milpa (not n^lpla) he put his beak (into the lion's 
mouth), and brought the bone out; Yalk. 1. c. n^Slp (corr. 

NnipQ, v. shpa. 
bj^pS, v. btip. 

niZJIpQ m. (flJgS; v. rt&Ba) knocker. Y. Bets.V,63 a 
bot. [readffima W>'im31 'a the use of the knocker in 
the synagogue is permitted (on the Sabbath) ; [oth. emend, 
v. ed. Krot. marginal note]. 

Efojipqi, v.aiBj3i. 

EftETipQ II, '/2 15 pr. n. pi. (?) Ben APkoshesh. Yeb. 
15 b ; Y. ib. i', 3 a bot.' V&p tt% 

mpD, Koh.B. to I, 9 "pb3B 'a nas, a corrupt Var. lect., 
v. biJBiV^bp. 

t * ' : 

TIlfpQ, v. next w. 

S1)p/3 m. (Up, cmp. TT5 a. Arab, kazz salire) jumper, 
runner. Y. B. Hash. II, 58 a top nstpa ftp (corr. ace.) 
the torches were moved (v. Mish. ib. 4) in the manner of 

the runner (in zigzag). — PI. h npa. Pesik. B'shall. p. K4 1 
"31 iialp p •'ittpa Ar. (ed. ""tlppa; Yalk. Ex. 225 lllpa, 
corr. ace.) his runners before him, his runners behind him 
(Cant. B. to IV, 12 Vina -psbna 3^1351). • 

SriJpQ, n?l... f. (Tip) calculation. Y. Shebi. I, 33 b 
bot. '31 'a Kin S)S this calculation has also been adopted 
(v. W^bWiBa) : that ten young plants within an area of 
a Beth-S'ah are equal to three old trees as regards the 
Sabbatical year laws ; Y. Succ. IV, beg. 54 b ; Y. Ab. Zar. 
IV, 43 d top. 

npD m. (b. h.; npb) 1) taking. Ab. IV, 22 Witt? fig* 
bribe-taking. Pes. IX, 5 UttJSba ifipa it must be selected 
(designated) on the tenth day of the month (Ex. XII, 3).— 
2) (traditional pronunc.) fipa buying, purchase, bargain. 
Ib. 112 b '31 'an b" Tiasn ^N do not stand bargaining when 
you have no money. B. Mets. IV, 3 'ab mirffi if the over- 
charge amounts to one sixth of the price paid. Ib. 50 a 'p 
^npa *b give me back my goods. Ib. b 'a Vlli"V3 annulment 
of the bargain. Ib. 51 a TV<2 Ifipa fiplb the purchaser has 
his purchase in his possession (and can show it to his 
friends to have it valued); a. v. fr. — 'an pit auction-stone 
for slaves. Sifra B'har ch. VII, Par. 6 (Yalk. Lev. 667 fipbfi), 
v. Naaib I. — isaal 'a, v. isaa. 

fcTTOpQ, rnitSpQm. ch. (lap II) the upper gar- 
ment with the girdle, walking cloak or sheet. Y. B. Mets. 
II, beg. 8 b 'a2 ""p13 . . nstiJi* found a web wrapped up in 
a cloak. Ab. Zar. 58 b '31 "j^S ^libJWW before you take 
off your cloak, go back (and rescind your decision). 

*|"Vit2pQ m. h. same. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. VII, 1 'XOK 
'am VpiOB (E. S. to Kel. XXIX, 1 "pi-opal; Kel. 1. c. 
nilBSafil XIDIBn) shreds of the girth and of the wrap- 
ping clothes. Sabb. 120 a ; Y. ib. XVI, 15 d top (differ, fr. 


fcOlQpQ m. (denom. of H^bp) cucumber-field. Targ. 
Is. I, T 8 "ed. Lag. (oth. ed. X^Jpa). — 'a *tt pr. n. pi. Bar- 
Mikfya. Y. M. Kat. I, 80 b hot". 

S*t2p!Q, fcC^ID ' ' m. pi. (BgS) objects held in the hand 
while making oath. Tosef. Snh.V, 1 [read:] bW^pa. .*$ fft 
iBipai 'abl if the contestant says, swear to me by thy 
life, or by the object or objects which I hold (v. njp); 
Y. ib. Ill, beg. 21 a (corr. ace). 

j, v. aiwp. 
feOpn, v. top. 

riT'pQ, rnj?S f. (ip 1 ;) fire-pot, fragment of a vessel 
used for carrying fire. Sifra M'tsor., Par. 1, ch. I bin itf 
'31 'a Vl3i f rom the word heres (Lev. XIV, 5) I might 
infer that a fragment of a vessel was meant, therefore it 
says 'a vessel'. Y. Sot. II, 17 d bot. V^Dim tfi fc& ..THTl *,Ka 
'SI he who says . . . you must not use a makkeda, means 
a vessel the larger portion of which is missing. Num. B. 
s. 9; Sot. 9 a bin bm 'a a piece of an earthen vessel, opp. 
■jTQItiJa nib13 ; ib. 32 b . Sabb. XXIV, 5 ; a. fr. 

yJTpES m., v. ^Ipa. 

831 T\m?K 

TVZ^plZ f. (v. Kapa) bought object, thing. Lev.B.s.5 
■>b "pjrn nibbE 'a ~jb rPX (not "jann) bast thou such and 
such an object? wilt thou lend it to me? 

Np"p~, v. #$m. 
N?Tp2, v. v&r&a. 

~j>S c. (h. b.: bbp /o sutw^) walking stick, in gen. 
sta/f. Sabb. 66 a ZPipt bz 'a old men's stick. Kel. 
XVII, 16; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. VII, 9 '31 ITO 13 Z^Z 'a a 
staff which has a secret receptacle for a m'zuzah (njiffa) 
or jewels. Ab. Zar.III, 1 'a 1T3. Z*Z S3 a statue holding 
in its hand a staff; ib. 41 a a= . . . TOO W* rrmc 'a the 
staff intimates symbolically that he causes himself to be 
chastised as with a staff in behalf of the entire world 
(vicarious sacrifice). Y. Dem. VII, beg. 26 a [read:] *HJ 
,_. .„•... ,--, n-;nr n^ani (not bp-ai) what does it mean 
that I saw iu my dream an officer's staff suspended 
from my body?— Y. Ned. IX,beg., 41 b nmtt a"1 bz ibpa 
':* ILMeir's staff was in my hand, and it taught me knowl- 
edge. Toh. VIII, 9 'SI nKba KM-' *tS a staff which has 
become wet with unclean fluids; Tosef. ib.IX, 15 httTH '- 
W (corr. ace); a. v. fr.— Sabb. 139 a (ref. to Is. XIV, 5) 
,_. igggg -131-in <&& this alludes to judges who are a 
staff (of support) to their beadles (conniving at their 
abuses).— PI. hftfJO. Pes. V : 9. K. Hash. I, 9 'a nTO "pnplb 
they may take sticks with them (for defence); a. e. — 
Yoma VI, 7 (67 b ) VtZ\ "jSbp Y. ed. (Bab. a. Mish. nisbpai, 
v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 6) he twisted the limbs of the 
animals around carrying poles. 

n*p!2 m. (nbpll) roasting place; '- 1EK ashes from 
the roast, i. e. vegetable ashes, contrad. to *®K which in- 
cludes any crumbled substance. Taan. II, 1. Ib. 15 ,J (ref. 
to '=', -£X 'prVUI, ib.) "p^za ",n 'a "1SK they must bring 
wood-ashes (not dust, crushed bones &c). Par. IX, 7 "EX 
'- "irxz z~vrz~ ~r: ashes fit for lustration (ashes of the 
red cow) which were mixed with wood-ashes. Tosef. 
ib. X (IX), 1 '- 'K3 f\ "nn they are as unfit for lustration 
as wood-ashes. Ber. 28 a , a. e., v. n<a II. 

n^p2 ch. same. Targ. Lam. II, 10.— [B. Mets. 74 a 
nbpo "WTO, v. ibp II.] 

^""'pS m. (abp) bag for collecting the excrements of 
working cattle Y.BlKam.II,beg.2 d . Kel.XVI,7, v.'Jipba. 

■"£"DpE, Targ. Y. Num. VI, 4 'a "pSSiia, read "pEibpa, 
and strike out 'pEUa, as a gloss to KJEiaa; v. KElbp. 

— ' j^ — m. (b. h. ; -bp) refuge, esp. for the unintentional 
man-slayer. Mace. II, 4. Ib. 6 'a ^13>b flf^JU . . 5310 inK 
both the innocent and the willful slayers go temporarily 
to the place of refuge; Sifre Num. 160. Mace. II, 8 nxi*i 
icsp*: ""r"; r';;r a man-slayer who arrives at his place 
of refuge; a. fr. 

SrCJ*!ppI2 f. (?bp II) braid, plait. Y. Sabb. VI, 7 d bot. 
'si nr" "2 n:3ia mn she sold the plait of her head 
(hair), and gave (the proceeds) to him (Akiba), that he 
might study the Law; Y. Sot. IX, end, 24 c m?en KTS^bp. 

H^bpQ f., pL rfi95pQ (preced.) braids, nets. Yoma 
YI 7 ; v., however, bpa. 

DpS, &^pp I m. (ttp) 1) =h. lasa, standing, at- 
tendance, office. T T&rg. I Kings X, 5. Targ. Is. XXII, 19 ed. 
Lag. (ed. 'alp 1 ?, 'aipa). — 2) that which is placed before 
the guest, portion, plate. Esth. K. to I, 4, v. Si^p. 

sapa it, nnpE, wisfja f. (wp ; v. wpjj C m P . 

Gen. XXIII, 17; 20) acquisition, bought object, thing. Y. 
Ned. XI, 42 c bot. KM 'a nb 21 n when he allows her a 
good bargain. Cant. B. to VIII, 9 Kalpa pTab to buy some 
goods.— Targ. Y. Ex. XXII, 7; 10 Knapa Ar. (ed. KpO'T?; 
h. text roKba).— Gen. B. s. 73 "jKa... Knapa Kin b3K *,Ka 
'Q Kin mn who ate this thing (dish, v. Kapa I, 2) ? who 
broke this thing (or plate)? — Constr. napa, napia. Y. 
Erub. in, 21 b top; Y. Gitt. VII, end, 49 a *,bB 'a an estate 
bearing the name of a certain person; Y. Kidd. Ill, 
64 a top napia; Y. Maas. Sh. V, 56 b bot. napa. 

p!!2pI3| v. pp~. 

KFlDpE, constr. riQpQ, riQp n Q, v. Kapa II. 

PlDpK m. (b. h.; nsp) property, esp. cattle. Num. B. 
s. 22 bins 'a Bnb ft"*l they had a large stock of cattle ; a. e. 

NiVOpE, nrpDpD f. (denom. of i9£) a bundle of 
reedsJ Y. Maas. Sh. IV, end, 55 c Knbsia 'a the bundle of 
reeds (seen in an alleged dream) means the bolster at the 
bottom of the bed. 

HSpE m., HsSpE f., (nsp) a stiff' mass of grist, oil 
and onions. Ned.Vl.'lO. Hull. 14 b . Succ. II, 9 monoa 
ron when a stiff dish gets spoiled. Ib. 29 a "pD^5 bz 'a a 
pulp of grist; Y. ib. II, end, 53 b yw nBpa. Ib. bz .1B32 
131 b: (corr. ace.) a pulp of anything; a. fr. 

S2£j>!!2 m. (C]p3 U) 1) surrounding, circitmvallation. 
Targ. T Lain. II, 8 (h. text bn).— 2) going around ; 'a '^TOa 
nomadic camps, freebooters. Targ. O. Num. XXXIII, 55 'Oa 
"pSJEpa freebooters surrounding you. 

n^pQ, Yalk. Lev. 658, v. napia 3. 

!?"tepE m. (b. h.; rsp) 1) corner, angle. Tarn. IH, 3; 
Yoma 15 b rvmsa niDIES'a the corner of the north-western 
side of the Temple.— 2) =nspla, store. Men. 54 ,J ; 55*, v. 
nspia— B. Bath. X, 8 (i75 b ) bVii nb"c n 'r um bsn 'a *,- i ko 
•jna Ms. M. (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) for there is no store 
(of wisdom) in the entire Law richer than these (civil 
laws); Ber. 63 b .— PI. ysispa. Tosef. Hag. 1, 9 mm 'ttlSpa 
'SI *Bia stores of the law, bodies of Halakhoth; Tosef. 
Erub. XI (YIII), 24 ''SSpla ed. Zuck. (Var. VTSpa).— 3) v. 
next w. 

] 12 m. (b. h. njttpa; preced.) nb^l bttJ 'a a tool 
for cutting fig-cakes, knife or saw. Tosef. Sabb. XIV(XV),1 
(ed. Zuck. rispa); Sabb. 123 b ; Y. ib. XVII, beg. 16 a .— 
PI. ninspa, v. next w. 

n^iZpQ f- (?. preced.wds.) stored fruits, esj>.fig-cake — 
PI. rwspa. Ned. VIH, 4 (61 b ) 'an ibEpTO is (ib^pTO, 





l^ifiSitt)) U p to the time when people lay the figs in layers; 
[oth. opin.: people fold up the knives (v. preced.) to store 
them away; oth. opin.: people fold up the matting on 
which the figs are dried before they are stored]. lb. 
62 a . Tosef. Dem. I, 3 nisspan ibBpiUJB; Y. ib. I, beg. 21 c 

nt rutp an. 

n^j^D f. (b. h.; twp ri v. nsp) apart; (adv.) partially, 
in some cases. Shebu. VI, 3 '31 -paa 'a lb ITTini b"wn since 
he has admitted a part of what is comprised in the claim 
(empty 'casks' against the claim of 'pitchers of oil'). Ib. 
B^bs nspaa min if he admits that he owes a portion of 
the vessels claimed. — B. Mets. 3 a , a. fr. fiJSan 'a(a) MTvo 
S3W he who admits a portion of the claim must make 
oath. Y. Sbebu. VII, beg. 38 b '31 'a nsnai 'a njnsu; i&b 
because he is benefitted to a certain extent and benefits 
(the owner) to a certain extent, he must swear in some 
cases and pay damage in other cases. Sifra Sh'mini, Par. 
9, ch. XI 'a mfiBl 'a ttKaa you make it possible to 
declare (the seeds) unclean in some cases and clean in 
others. Ab. V, 8 '31 "jtlXpal -plBSa ^pa if a part of the 
people give tithes and a part give not, v. rTnza. Koh. R. 
to VII, 27, a. e. fflfian baa tfJSin 'a loss of a part of one's 
life (pain, loss of property &c.) is considered like a sac- 
rifice of one's entire life; a. fr. — Ch. v. nap. 

ppQ (b. h.; cmp. pla) to soften. 

Nif. pB3, pis?, 'a^a to be softened; to decay; to he 
sqashed beyond recognition. Nidd. X, 4 1tt»n pia^ia IS 
until decay has set in. Bice. I, 8 Ipaa if the first fruits 
became decayed. Sifra B'huck., Par. 2, ch. VIII (ref. to 
Lev. XXVI, 39) tea? Nbx sipB"? lalX I3i« it does not merely 
mean 'they shall decay' (when a portion remains sound), but 
'they shall dissolve' (v. Mace. 24 a bot.). Nidd. Ill, 4 pia" 1 ? 
'al ibin the embryo may have been mashed (mixed up 
with the blood) before it was passed. Y. ib. Ill, end, 51 a 
'31 ln^bttJ iip/ia^ the placenta was mashed. Bab. ib. 27 a 
'31 B2B piaa nan laitf there is no comparison between 
one presumption that the embryo was mashed and two 
such suppositions (that the placenta of one embryo and 
the embryo of another placenta were mashed). R. Hash. 
Ill, 8 O^Bi? m they decayed (from the serpent's bites), 
opp. "pKBina; a. e.— Tanh. Noah 10 inia^paS; Yalk.Dan. 
1060 IT* pais, v. infra. 

Hif. pan l) to squash. Y. Ab. Zar. II, 40 c bot. pian xbll) 
'31 lest she may squash the embryo in her womb. — 
2) to enervate, cause consumption. Keth. VII, 10 inpaa 
she (the intercourse with her) will enervate him (the 

Eof. pain to be crumbled, to dissolve. Snh. 92 b Ilia n 
(Rashi) his (Nebucadnezzar's) pride was crumbled (he 
confessed his wrong), v. pna ; (ed. ma Tl its (the kiln's) 
foundation was crumbled (from the heat); [oth. vers, n 
TTC the lime in it melted; Tanh. Noah 10 Vnoi pa3; Yalk. 
Dan. 1060 1TB pa^]. 

Hithpalp. papann to be crushed, to pine. Taan. 25 b 
-15-jSil papan^ia TJ until he is made submissive (by star- 
vation) and feels pain. 

y\JQ ch. same. 

Ithpalp. papanx l) to pine away, be weakened. Targ. 
Y. Deut. XXXI, 18; a. e.— 2) to decay, melt. Targ. Job 
XIV, 10(h. text ffifcn). Targ.Ps.LXXIlI,8(h.textlp^).— 
3) to sneeze, v. infra. 

Ithpe. pparm (cmp. J«o, Ithpol.) 1) to be languid, to 
stretch one's self. Targ. I Kings XVII, 21.— 2) [to collapse; 
v. KfTB a. ia-jS,] to sneeze. Targ. II Kings IV, 35 ed. Lag. 
(ed. Ven. I ppianx Ithpol. of pla; Regia pBpan:*; ed. 
pTrattS; h.text *m*\; Pesh. ppBns). 

i, v. p^aa. 

ypJ2 m. (preced.) ^Bt>1 'a book-worm. Sabb. 90 a . 

^pQ, 'S^pK] m. (v. ppa, Ithpe.) sneezing. — PI. 
TPpa, '^pa. Targ. Job XLI, 10 ">1ppa Regia (Ms. Var. 
^ipipa; ed. '♦H*^ b. text TWO*). 

")}2Q, v. ip/a. 

y]2 m. ch.=h. IBJia, cooling; 'a Sp shady rock. Targ. 
Is. XXV, 5 (h. text 3S). 

iSHpQ pr. n. m. (Maxpo;) Macra. Gen. R. s. 46 [read:] 

'al NTn XianBa this interpretation of M. is plausible; 
(Lev. R. s. 25 «tj?T). 

sS JpU, Cs J lpl2 m. (NT^) being called, summons. Y. 
Ber. II, 4 ,r top; Y. Meg. I, 71 c (play on *plpa, Prov. V, 18) 
'31 13pb ^"ipa "|JTi blessed be thy being summoned to 
the grave; Yalk. Prov. 937; Koh. R. to IV, 17. Ib. msa 
"|1*ia PTVttl "jXTpa be blessed in the house to which thou 
wilt be called. 

v> JP^l m. (b.h.; fcOp T ) \)call, convocation. Sifra Emor, 
Par. 11,' ch. XIV lUTp 'a 1X1I5S ax aba unless one made 
it (the Day of Atonement) a holy call (observed it). Ib. 
ch. XIII, Par. 1 1 '31 ffilp 'a bNTW "ffl the sons of Israel 
are a holy convocation (called to celebrate the festivals) 
&c. Mekh. Bo. s. 9 ; a. fr.— 2) reading, esp. the reading from 
the Scriptures. Ber. II, 1 'aa 'JB1 the time for reading the 
Sh'm'a. Meg. 3 a , a. fr. nb^a 'a the recitation of the Book 
of Esther. Tosef. Ber. II, 20 nbfini 'a B'tB im reading the 
Scriptures and prayer are permitted there; Sabb. 10 a ; 
a. e.— Meg. 1. c. (ref. to Neh. VIII, 8 'a lfcOpil) It this means 
the reading of the text; Ned. 37 b ; a. fr.— 3) pronunci- 
ation, vocalization ; d^BlB 'a the traditional vocalization 
of the Scripture texts. Ib.— 4) teaching the Bible, primary 
instruction. Ib. IV, 3 'a 13lab*> Kb he must not teach him 
Bible, contrad. to 1TT1B &c. Ib. 36 b bot. 'an bs . . . aipaa 
where is it customary to take remuneration for teaching 
the Bible. Y. Meg. Ill, beg. 73 d ; Y. Keth. XIII, beg. 35 c 
'31 'ab IBB tva Beth Sepher was the school for Bible, Beth 
Talmud for Mishnah. Lev. R. s. 2, beg. 'ab "peaza enter 
the primary school; a. fr. — 5) the Scriptures. Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 a bot. 'an b3 bS imm, v. im; a. fr. — 6) Biblical 
verse, text. Sot. V, 2 '31 mWl "ja 'a lb yWB there is for 
it no passage in the Torah intimating that it is unclean. 
Ib. '31 "jB 'a lb *Oaa produces for it a Biblical text in 
evidence &c. Yeb. ll b , a. e. 'Witt* T«a KXT' 'a "px a Bible 
verse can never lose its literal sense (although its meaning 

may be extended by the methods of interpretation). Snh. 
a. e. "si SCPP t\» 'a, v. nrj. lb. I0i a lasra ril ti 
~: ibis verse must be interpreted from its own wording, 
lb. bot. trm ^:x '3..."]b yso how do you know this?.. 
I interpret Bible verses; a. {v.— PI. rijrpa, rri^pa. Men. 
19 b ; Zeb. 63 b ; Sot. 14 b '31 nttK 'a "0» XS'a rir.«V> a"3 
wherever there are two possible interpretations of two 
parallel expressions one of which contradicts the other, 
and one of which confirms the other &c. Yoma 52 a bot., 
v. r-=- Y. Snh. VIII, 26 c top 'a tVKfom IriK JIT this is 
one of the three passages where the Law speaks meta- 
phorically; Y. Keth. IV, 28 c top; a. fr. 

^""12, v. next w. 

D"i~® >S"Hj>/!2in. ([xaxfiO-lAa^ooc, a made-up word) 
Macro-ciaphros (Tall-Lightfoot). Gen. K. s. 65 . . OttJ nrvTO 
Z'~Z~ Xllpa . . (corr. ace.) and a woman was there who 
had a son that was a dwarf, but whom she called M. and 
said, 'a "z\ my son is tall and lightfooted (fit for the body 
guard); Cant. It. to II, 15 DI^S"^ Tp*B (corr. ace); Yalk. 
Jer. 332 0isbl"ipa, OsVnpa (corr. ace). 

sSr"D"nj>!C f. (l^p) coming near, touching. Yalk. 
Gen. 26 '31 rpr^i-paz. r=al kVi nas as thou didst 
not die on touching it &c; Gen. R. s. 19 DrVa xVl Mas 


DTSuTpQ, tD^TlpE, v. onsbxi-ipa. 

D"HpE m. (|j.ay.p6;) tall. Yalk. Gen. 114 ' { ' OtKJ CX 

'31 13"3"~2 'a though in thy sight he is tall, in ours he is a 
dwarf; (Gen. R. s.65, a.e. Crs? X1-)pa &c, v. ci-z'rs---: . 

m 'j^2 m. ("p 1^/".), ipW 'a, ipV« 'a primary teacher. 
B. Bath. 21 b 'SI &6n ^ 'an that a teacher cannot prevent 
a colleague from opening a school in the same avenue. 
Ib. a 'Z' '- a "0 the highest number of pupils for a 
primaiy teacher is twenty-five; a. fr. — PL "^pa- lb. 
'31 "i % "~r ~:~ where there are two teachers one of 
whom &c, v. D~y II. 

ri"D"Hp/C f. pi. (a jocular denom. of SOpa, to rhyme 
with nib^spa) based on textual interpretation. Y. B. Earn. 
YIII, end, 8* v. r'Vzpa. 

j ' 1^12 I pr. n. m. Macrin, (supposed to mean) Ma- 
crianus, one of the thirty tyrants, who after the capture 
by the Persians of Valerian, was declared Roman emperor 
together with his sons Macrianus and Quietus. Gen. B. 
8. 76 (ref. to 'three of the older horns', Dan. VII, 8) WDTB It 
■»fcl-p-npl Dl-.pi 'a cr-=;" zrb (some ed. "p^ipa) those 
(Romans) who gave them (the princes of Palmyra,) their 
royal titles (v. IS? IV); M. &c; Yalk. Dan. 1064 GWpia 
Gip-i-pi DYVpl (omitting CrvizVa . . . It) (some ed. Cll^pl; 
Ffirst Gloss. Graeco-Hebr. p. 145 quotes: tn'm-'pl). [The 
other two names, obviously corrupted, refer perhaps to 
the two sons of Macrianus. V. Fiirst 1. c. for other con- 

833 *™?£T? 

THpQ II m. (b. h. *,"pa ; denom. of "ftp) having Jwrns. 
Hull. 60 a ; Sabb. 28 b ; Ab.Zar. 8 a D^1Ba 'fc. . . S'nprTW "TO 
the ox which Adam offered had one horn in his forehead, 
for it is written (Ps. LXIX, 32) &c; raffia '{*V\ tl but does 
not makrin mean 'having two horns' (as D^Ea 'having 
hoofs')? 3TC "ppa it is written without Yod (intimating 
a defect). 

"j3T1p2 f. pi. (=np) rents. Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 55 b bot., v. 
Sirjp-'k'll a. Nrrp^a. 

ri^JnpD f. (^p) a, piece of dough, separated from the 
main'doughin the trough. Tosef. Toh. XI, 2. Toh. I, 8 — 
PI. niS'npa. lb. 7. Tosef. Hall. I, 12 'a ilttjyrrtCa from the 
time the dough is divided up into lumps; Y. ib. I, beg. 

59 a 'a 'a mrsrura; a. e. 

2plP?> S!?p"pP m., mostly pi. "^pa (v. Spnp) 
attached to the ground, real estate, opp. x'pabaa. Yeb. 99 a , 
a. e. "'al 'as tens a slave is legally considered as real 
estate | B. Bath. 150 a tttpnpOO (Ms. M. pi). Ib. 'a "WW) 
'31 -r:T there is a difference between movable real estate 
(a slave) and an immovable estate; ib. 68 a . Ib. 150 b nave 
"pn"! "WpT\ 'aal Ms. M. (ed. 'aso) the widowhood which 
the Rabbis have instituted to be guaranteed by real estate. 
Ib. a bot. Kin 'a fiiTX mire the wife's settlement is con- 
sidered real estate ; a. fr. 

NiTRpC, NFTPpE f. (v. -ipa) cooling place. Targ. 
I Kings VII, 2, a. e. N"2:. r~pa r-3 the royal summer- 
house (h. text yvzbft 19" ntl).— K^W 'a pr. n. M'kerta 
d'Tsillaya {Cooling Shades), name of a field. Y. M. Kat. 
I, beg. 80* (ed. Krot. rnpa). 

n^U;pI2 m. (K'ip) one who raises objections, disputant. 
Gen. R. s.48 ; s. 85 ; Yalk. Gen. 82 ; B. Mets. 87 a , v. &£UW 
(cmp. XnttEa).— PI. iripa. Y. Kil. HI, beg. 28 c ptTfi 'f\V\ 
'a were sitting and raising questions. 

nitf!2pa, X'XtpQ, v. next w. 

-Jp2 f. (b. h.; =rW£pa, denom. of xrp, v. tfWtfp) 
cucumber field, in gen. truck-farm. Tosef. Ter. I, 4; Y. ib. 
I, 40 b bot. Tosef. B. Mets. IX, 32 ; a. e. (v. also rnrpia).— 
PI. niKopa, r.iirpa, T'xirpa. Shebi. n, l tfi Jot (Ms. 
M. U tt fyjU, corr. ace; Maim. rVPtJpa), v. r??*rs.— In gen. 
nisVrai 'a late vegetables or fruits. Pes. 6 b . Erub. 104 a 
•tt fc -vqn T'Jjepa ed. Sonc. (Ms. 0. TOVd; Ms. M. I^xrpa 
1" , S?'iai, ed. only li-^ll) (who guards) his late fruits; a. e. 
—[Sabb. 90 b "Wl hv WBpO, read: n^ ; p T a. v. STJp.] 

niUpD m. h.=ch. nxrpa, disputant, undecided. Hor. 
14 a 'al cp"ih quick but undecided, opp. to p"«Oai "Jina slow 
but coming to a conclusion. 

S" wpD — h. rrajpa, v. BWjJjo, 

n 1^pP» v. Hijopa. 

ISTtJfJD, ^ttSpw, f., part, pass. Af of 10j3. 




"rOTEJpD- Targ.Y.IIDeut.XXIX,16,read :-n3iptt5a. 

"ID m. myrrh, lia. 

"ID I = iax, to speak, say. Y. Sabb. I,3 b top lai nn 
again he said. Y. B. Bath. X, 17 c bot. X31.1 "njwa (not Tff») 
from what H. said (we learn). Y. Snh. Ill, 21 b bot. *jKa 
lai he who said. lb. X, 27 (1 bot., v. ni.— Y. Ter.VIlI, 46 a 
y*yo "jinx na "pan observe what you say. Y. Ber. II, 5 C 
top T, pial mx (not nial) some say; a. fr. 

"ID II m. (b. h. ; ^) 1) bitter. Pes. 39 a '31 la pf b3 
every bitter herb contains a gum (won by impissation). 
Lev.B.s.31 '31 W nnna nta la rather something bitterer 
than this out of the hand of the Lord, than sweets out 
of thine; Yalk. Gen. 59; Gen. B. s. 33 (corr. acc.); — 
Y. Snh. X, 27 d iJ> la woe is me. Keth. 69 b (play on i6l 

aimio rTtSa, Am. vi,7) diniiob n» nirw rttlSa he who is 

bitter (of soul) ami distracted (through bereavement) is 
made the chief of those banqueting (i. e. the mourner must 
sit at the head at the comforting meal) ; M. Kat. 28 b (not 
nna, Ms. M. nnia) ; Yalk. Am. 545.— 2) corrosive substance; 
trnsf. care, worry. Sabb. 30 b ; Pes. 11 7 a (play on lia, Cant. 
V, 13) a student before his teacher, la niB'Jl3 WinBtt) yvfl 
whose lips to not drip from care ; (Cant. B. 1. c. WSJBTU 
lia niBliiS). — 3) mar, name of a bitter herb, ferula. Pes. 
1. c. iXlli la, expl. i Kin m la mar is y'roar, v. "**t*] ; [for. 
Var. lect. v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note].— Fern, ttra, q. v. 

"ID III (or 153) m. (nia) exchange ; ~l Ia3 instead of; 
as. Hull. 94 a n-JinU5l 1532. niVniS rOrfl and he gave her 
(the ritually forbidden hen) to him (the gentile) pretend- 
ing that it was ritually cut. B. Kam. 113 b , v. Kp^f. Bekh. 
30 a K11331 la3 H*4 "JtRS sold it for fat of the ileum 
(which is permitted ; Ar. Kn33l53, suggesting XFOSia, q. v.). 

"ID IY, "ID (h. a. ch.), S"1D I m. {pi. forms X153, fya, 
iiX53) (Arab, marua, cmp. X153, io 6e strong; cmp. 13» 
a. 125) »wan, lord, master; somebody; (as a title) Mar. 
Tosef. Shek. II, 1 5 bsn ^3> la© i3Ba because he was ruler 
&c, v. bisiaX; Hor. 13 a X3>13 lax (prob. to be read Xla 
Kbl3).— Lev. B. s. 31 na 1153 my lord Noah. Y. Peah VIII, 
end, 21 b "^3 11a 61S?3i t& let my lord not be angry &c; 
a. e.— Targ. Gen. XXXVII, 19. Targ. Prov. XXIII, 2 ; a. 
fr.— Snh. 109 b/ 31 153 i«Y... n31 153 iK if the one (Moses) 
is teacher (leader), thou art a pupil (subordinate), and if 
the other (Korah) is &c. Hull. 105 a , a. fr. Kin lax la 
'31 lax lai one said one thing, another another thing, 
but they do not differ. Yoma 20 b *b lax lai Ms. M. (ed. 
max rial) and you, Sir, say to me &c. lb. n3i3 31 UrTO la 
la (Bashi Kin la) the man (you speak of) is a teacher ; 
sit down, Sir. B. Kam. 60 b '31 la Ka^ h^ lax la one 
said to him, tell us, Sir &c— Ber. 2 a , a. fr. la lax it has 
been said (introducing a discussion on a subject previous!) - 
touched upon). Y. Snh. I, 18 c bot., a. e. xrtfaUJl WTO 13K 
'3T in such a case the author of the rule would not have 
maintained it. Y. Ter. YIII, 45° 'a xm Kroiatt) iia xn 
K1212 here is a master of traditions and a master of prac- 
tice. Gen. B. s. 58 (expl. 3©in, Gen. XXIII, 4) Km3 UKa 
(=ni3n ^53) owner of a house, citizen, opp. Kini. Succ. 
32 b , a. fr. "b mi53 ni> illE the Lord forgive him (he is 

mistaken).— Ned. 50 a n^» KJialiSS-'i let our lord do with 
this (be contented for the present). Y. Ab. Zar. V, 44 a 
[read :] -j©E31 nia nx ftk (cmp. Prov. XXIII, 2) if thou 
art master over thy desire; Tjnia "]1DB3 iK if thy desire 
is master over thee; Deut. B. s. Vx3X HDB31 11a XSXlam 
master over my desire; a. ir. — Pl. iia^di'^Sa (used as 
sing. a. pi.; v. supra). Targ. Is.III,12;— xnilia.xniia 
(pi. of XW153). Targ. Prov. V, 13 (h. text ilia).— Gitt. 40" 
ixma 'a 1^3 the owners at second hand (of the settlement 
of slaves) died out; ixalp 'a i33X llinx apply (for eman- 
cipation) to the heirs of the original owners. B. Bath. 
3 b niniia inVo^ inswap (Var. ninna 133 in^isb) he (He- 
rod) killed all of his master's family. B. Kam. 103 a 'a 
X3ni3l Ms.M. (ed. hTrtlla) the owner of the flax;— 
Mar Samuel, Mar Ukban &c, v. respect, pr. nouns. — Fern. 
Xn-153, nni53 l) mistress, constr. nia. Targ. I Kings XVII, 
17*. 'Targ. Is. XXIV, 2;— Gen. B.s. 52, v.nbsa. Y.Hag. 
II, 77 d xni31 'a the hostess. Y. Peah VIII, 21 b top [read:] 
tVTtrm nHi)S31 lini nij) 3n give him (the poor man) more, 
for his appetite is his master (be is used to good living). 
Y. Ab. Zar. I.e., v. supra; a. fr.— 2) pr. n. f. Martha. Gitt. 
56 a ; a. fr. &mi3 n3 'a, v. dirYra.— M. Kat. 26 b bot. 13 K3X 
'a(Ms.M.nia); Yeb.l20 a ; Sabb.l21 b ; Yoma 84 a (v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 60); a. e. — 3) pr. n. m. (?). Snh. 5 a bot. 
B. Bath. 52 a (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 8). Pes. 103 a top 'a 
lax (Ms. M. 1 X3112 31; Ms. M. 2 X31la, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 
1. note). 

"ID, &OD II f. 1) (=xixa, v. nix) hoe, rake. Erub. 
77 b X3i2ni 'a "«ai it requires hoe or pick-axe (to get it 
out). Meg. 28 a , v. ill II. Taan. 23 b top 'al "Q^S the wood 
(he had collected) and the rake. B. Mets. 82 b **)B1 'a 
aillpl (Ms. la, Ar. 3>6B la) hoe and mattock and axe; 
Ber. 57 b dlllpl b&B la. Keth. 64 a ni13pb nial . . . X3i?3 
I want a staff to lean on and a hoe to make my grave, 
i. e. a son to support me in old age and to provide for my 
burial; Yeb. 65 b . Taan. 21 b , v. KVSM; a. e— *2) (=XlXa, 
denom. of XHX; cmp. Arab, marvu silices &c.) flint for 
striking a light. Zeb. 116 b Xnin 'aa X113 IpiBX (Ms. M. 
xsxsaa, Yalk. Lev. 579 ns&aa, v. X3&3a; Ms. K. X3X53a; 
En Yaak. X353a) produce fire with a flint-stone which has 
not been used before. 

S"ID, to be strong, v. 11a. 

&OD, v. 11a. 

S^D, v. Xiia. 

n^"lDi m. (b. h.; nxi) sight, looks, appearance; color, 
shade.' Yoma 74 b nttJX3 t3i3i3> nxia the pleasure of looking 
at one's wife. Tosef. Neg. I, 2 ',nijXl 'a the first inspection 
of a leprous affection (Lev. XIII, 3), 13© '53 the second 
(ib. 5) &c. lb. 4 *,2b 'a bo all shades of white; ni3iD 'a 
grey color. Ib. 5 ni33, 'a the appearance of an elevation ; 
nan3 bx 'as as the appearance of a shade thrown on a 
sunlit object; Sifra Thazr.,Neg., ch. 1; a. fr.— PI. nixi53 
(with pronom. suffix) V'Xla, rnxia &c. Neg. I, 1. Sifra 
1. c, Par. 2, ch. II 1iXla3 retaining its original color; nn3 
liXiaa fainter than its original color. Bekh. VII, 5; v. 
Tpion ; a. fr. 


nS"C f. (b. h. ; preced.) 1) mirror. Kel. XIV, 6 rt»SW 
'a 13 (not HX12JS\2J) one part of which he polished to serve 
as a mirror. Tosef. Sabb. XIII (XIV), 16 ; a. tr.—Pl. rfarm. 
Gen. R. s. 4 niblia 'a magnifying mirrors ; niSBp 'a diminish- 
ing mirrors; a.e. — 2) -picture. — PL as ab. lb. s. 73 "jb rrn 
~FP3"lri3'a didst thou have pictures in thy house? niinil) 
. . . n:nb IX of black persons or of white ? 

riS"lQ, v. roti*o. 
TKBRTO, v. *Brno. 

rPS~i£ f.(nxi), ',*~(n)'-3, appearance, sight, semblance. 
Bekh. VII, 3 "Sri "2 "91)8 because he is repulsive to look at. 
Lev. It. s. 26 ; Midr. Till, to Ps. VII 'a ">3Ea . . . "pbia li^X 
'".~i he does not take his children with him, because he 
is afraid of the evil eye. — Esp. 'S(n) t3 "^Ba in order 
to avoid the semblance of wrong-doing, for appearance 
sake. Bets. 9 a , a. fr. ^n 'a ^3Ba DToan 118X115 Blpa bs 
'21 '"EX wherever the scholars have forbidden a thing for 
appearance sake, it is forbidden even in strictest privacy, 
cmp. Iiri; Y. Erub. VIII, end, 25 b . Y. M. Kat. I, 80 b . 
'S 'a ">3Ba ",33lb n"bl do the Rabbis not care for appear- 
ance?; a. fr. 

&ON10, v. Kym. 

T T 

mi^NHQ f. pi. (b. h.; denom. of 'JJX-i) head-part of 
the bed, bolster, pillow. Y. Ber. Ill, 6 d bot. '13(a) . . . nVin 
n::an he maj T suspend them from the head-board of the 
bed, opp. rr&Tta. Yoma 78 a rniiiixia nnn nn->3a put it 

under his bolster. Sabb. 12 b btt W fl P a Ha flbsab nS^DlU 
flbin (='aa) the Divine Presence is above the head-side 
of the patient; Yalk. Ps. 741. 

2112, S"TO, (b. h.) pr. n. f. Merab, daughter of King 
Saul. Snh. 19 b ; a. e. 

wD")E, v. 1(3113 a. r ( 3i3. 

nil"112, v. nana 

Beware, wwsna v. seem* 

T • : -'• T-t ■ t : - : - 

S3'""i~iI2, Xj^STIE m. (inn) 1) educator, teacher. 
TargTProv! II, 17 ed.Lag. (ed. Xri3ia teaching; h. text 
t]lbx).— 2) (=h. nib 1 ;) raised (servant or child).- PL yv+QTm, 
constr. Wflj Tft Targ. Y. I Gen. XIV, 14 (II "VWO, 
corr. ace.)! lb. XVII, 12. Targ. Y. Num. XIII, 23 ; 28; a. 
e. — 3) (pi.) sprouts. Targ. Ps. LXV, 11 xnnas "9.^8 
(Ms. KnsTjsa ; h. text n^abn). 

^r! 1 "'" 1 !!!*^, SrP*S"]E f.(preced.)n»rse, foster-mother. 
Targ/Y II Gen. XXXV, 8 (Ar. XrV*3aia; h.text npaTo).— 
V. xnsiaia. 

&C"H~iD, v. xi^aia. 

tt : : - t t : : - 

JtfTllIPSlQ ^w^aia. Kidd.3i b tm t r io ' ^oj KWin 

(Ar. rprr^aia) she (whom he calls his mother) was his 
foster-mother (or nurse). 

nyftnn, j*rrtFBna v. n^n. 

835 KbrriE 


n lT31I2, Targ. Y. II Gen. XIV, 14, v. K^ais. 

rFS'TQ f. (b. h.; n3i) l) increase, profit. B. Mets. 61 a . 
—2) young tree.— PL nvaia, v. tWitt I. 

KrPS"1Q f. 1) =h. tiaiiia I, a growing tree (not yet 
fully developed). Y. Shebi. I, end, 33 c ..'a Xin "*an ',3X1 
">1iE3 X^nx . . (not "11B3) and yet we see young fig trees 
come out with full fruit; [Y. Orl. I, 61 a . . xnila "pin 
n^sisb . . ., a corrupt gloss transferred from Y. Shebi. 
1. c.]. — 2) training, teaching. Targ. Prov. II, 1 7, v. XS^aia. 

NTP SlIQi v. xn^aia. 

t: - : - t t : :- 

?Iil™in m. (T|3i) an irregular pile. Ohol. Ill, 7 bit) 'a 
B^33X (Ar. 53113, Var. pla) a pile of (large) stones; Succ. 
20 b -|31B ed. (Ms. M. 2 -j313). Sabb. 125 b "pla (S3la) Ar. 
(ed. "pl3). 

armaria arrDsna, v . ww»a a . K*wm. 

tt:-:-' tt:-!-' tt::- t: • : - 

rcgizi^rrisa'Ta v.n-anan. 

t t : • * t : • 

(fen, resting place. Targ. Am. Ill, 4 TttT&BTtt ed. Lag. 
(ed. Wil. ' AtfHft Targ. II Esth. I, 2 ISaia.— B. Bath. 73 a 
XBlt X35131 n'Waia "3 the resting place of a small star 
(Ms. P. n"<Pnasi3 t3 the transit of &c; v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 40). Ib. b n^UTH 'a "U the place where his head 

JTJI2 to sway to and fro, vacillate. 

Pa. V*T8 to cause swaying. Targ. II Sam. VI, 6 ; Targ. 
I Chr. XIII, 9. 

Ithpe. a^ianx to be swayed, become unsteady. Targ. 
0. Deut. XIX, 5 Regia a. oth. (ed. Berl. -platin, v. Berl. 
Targ. 0. II, p. 55 ; h. text nni3). 


- pr. n. pi. Marguan (prob. Antiochia Mar- 
giana, in Central Asia). Ab. Zar. 31 b (Ms. M. TOW, Tosaf. 
R. Elh. "jXtt la, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note). 

fcCliPD f.=b.h.nsa"ia(cmp.xn"isi31),rcs^,Pflse. Targ. 
Job XXI, 13 (h. text Ml). 

mW JTD, v. te^ja. 

■JSWTQ, v. i^aia. 

rT' a |3™ l I3 m. pi. (transpos. of 113a; 1U) mincing Jcnives, 
meat-chopper. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. 'a3 nnaa 13 when 
he chops (meat &c. for sausages) with the chopper, v. 


SiT^inQ f. (W1) irascible, quarrelsome. Targ. Prov. 
XXI, 19*(Le'vita xn^.Ul). 

Sb3"iD I {. (b?i, v. b^i) habitual saying, a familiar 




word; "*1 rValWa used to say. Ber. 17\— Snh. 50 b ; Zeb. 
36 b (of a traditional law). 

N -J373 II m. (v. WJ^'TO) a jewel. Targ. Job XXVIII, 
19, ▼.**(>*£.— PI. Kn^bana* ' 

m^^HQ f. pi. (b. b.; denom. of ban) the bottom-part 
of a bedstead] (also adv.) at the bottom of &c. Y.Ber. Ill, 
6 (l bot., v. nidx'ia. Yalk. Ruth 606 rosim . . . nmniM 

Tnibana (not 3.31\tt) she tarried six hours lying at his feet. 

D'U V?.™ (not bia . . .) m. ([xapyapiTY);) margarites 
chersaios, name of a precious stone. Ex. E. s. 38, end (cor- 
resp. to »■»•», Ex. XXVIII, 20). 

n "5 J/J f. (cmp. |j.apYapiTT)c, jxap7Y)Xi; &c, prob. of 
Semitic origin, cmp. 55"i, anan) ^em, jewel, pearl, mostly 
pi. m^J-ia. Ab. Zar. 8 b '31 H3VJ ptfl 'a in setting pearls 
and a precious stone (for an ornament), which is made 
the base (subordinate) to the other? — Gen. R. s. 31 (expl. 
ins, Gen. VI, 16) rvbjna a polished gem; Y. Pes. I, 27 b 
top;Pirke d' XXIII '3! !Tnbn nnx'aone jewel was 
suspended in the Ark which lighted up &c; Snh. 108 b . — 
Y. Shek. II, beg. 46 c 'a "jnix itt5^1 why not let them ex- 
change the coins (to be taken to Jerusalem) for a jew- 
el .. . 'an bYtn StattJ the jewel may fall in price. Yoma 
75 a 'as pb white as a pearl; a. fr. 

HTrtaia, ^"i^a^na <& same. w^.t. 

Ex. XXVIli, 10; a. fr.— Y. Dem. I, 22 a top SOban "ja ^bana 
a jewel out of the crown of the King. Esth. R. to I, 6, 
v. SOSttll. Y. Keth. XII, 35 b ; Y. Kil. IX, 32 c bot. SOX 
'31 "TPba'ia "Ola I am to give up my pearl (soul) in an 
unclean land ; a. fr.— Lam. R. to I, 9 'a JO this precious 
idea (cmp. naifi II); a. e.—Pl. tfffrbfotn, "p^ana. Targ. Y. 
Ex. XX VIII, 9; 11. Targ. Is. LIV/12' "pbana (prob. to be 
read '£>?. .). Targ.Ez. XX VII, 16 ed. Lag.'(ed.Wil. "pb • ••); 
a. fr. 

ND-JiTO f. pi. ch.=h. nibana, (the bolster at) the bot- 
tom of the'bed. Y. Maas. Sh. IV, end, 55 c , v. xn"<2pa. 

1 33 y2 (u,apa7va) whips, scourges. Targ. I Kings 
XII, 11;' 14; Targ. IlChr. X, 11; 14. 

!SrpD3nQ f. (v. WT^l-W) pearl or jewel. B.Bath. 146" 
'31 'a iT>b ipniB they ground for him a pearl worth &c. 
Kidd. 26 b '31 'a hn Slbn he set in it (the needle) a pearl 
(or a precious stone) worth &c. lb. 18 a i"PTO 'a qfJW he 
possessed a pearl (a precious slave). Ber. 33 b 'a "jb IS^pn 
they composed for us a precious prayer. Yeb. 94 a linn 
'a !"P2 ffi-nab . . . fpb R. E. had an opportunity for a most 
precious interpretation, opp. NBbn. lb. 92 1 ', a. e., v. ?Vj; 
a. fr.— PI. tttTHSVya. R. Hash. 23 a 'a pOa they bring up 
pearls (from the bottom of the sea). 

m'&jPQ f. pi. (tian) noises. Lam.R. introd. (R. Joh. 1) 
'SI 'a Tfrik .' . mil -jiw^n this expression (niKffin, Is. XXII, 2) 
serves for three meanings: distress, noises and darkness; 

Yalk. Is. 289 nittttirro (coir, ace.).— [Num. R. s. 14 niiraia 
some ed., v. iliransra.l 

' Tt i J 

iJQ I ( b - h-\ denom. of Tnp; cmp. bsa a. bsa) 1) to 
rebel, refuse obedience; to protest. Keth. V, 7 b» riTYioh 
!"lba>3. she who rebels against her husband (refusing marital 
duties; oth. opin. refusing to work). lb. IflttJK bS inton 
a husband refusing marital duties (oth. opin. refusing to 
give her work and support); ib. 63 b . Snh. 49 a , a. fr. TTia 
msbaa rebel.— Meg. 13 a D^bana nsa>2 'a he (Caleb) pro- 
tested against the counsel of the spies. Ib. iblb^an ITTTa 
'31 she refused homage to the idols of her father's house ; 
a. fr.— [Y. Maas. Sh. I, 52 d top TiaU3 252'ja, read: TtB btt> 
or Tina, q. v.] — 2) to incite to rebellion. Gen. R.s. 23, v. 

Hif. Wall to make rebellious, to incite. Y. Keth. V, 
30 b bot. V>b3> Wrnan mir.n the Law requires her to be 
rebellious against him (to refuse sexual connection). Gen. 
R. s. 26 "'bs I'T^arl Ml this man (Nimrod) made them rebel 
against me; ib. s. 23 ibs> YffOn fit ('Rashi': yman). 

~ J/J II (v.preced., cmp. W) to run, discharge matter; 
to be sore, inflamed. Ab. Zar. 28 b ; Y. ib. II, 40 d top f& 
nnnatfJ an inflamed eye (comment. : 'which rebels', i. e. 
threatens to burst out of its socket). — Sifra Thazr., Neg., 
Par. 3, ch. IV nTriart rTDai Tfian yrw a running (open) 
wound from contusion or from a burn ; Neg. VI, 8 ; VIII, 5 
■p-inian mpm ni3an*pniun(not'p-i , ia!-n) running wounds 
from contusion, burn or inflammation; Tosef. ib. Ill, 10 

■pTam rtipm rroani ■proon ed. Zuck. (Var. ptva rn, corr. 

ace; v. R. S. to Neg. 1. c; R. S. to Neg. VI, 8 quotes a 
Var. "mo, v. R. S. to Par. IX, 2; v. Tni'a). Sifra 1. c, 
Par. 4, ch. VII rVTIlO; Y. Pes. VII, 34* bot. imaa (corr. 
ace); a. fr. 

~ J/2) ~ jP ch. l)=h.nnal, to rebel, run away. Targ. 
I Kings' XV, 27*(h. text Ifflp)* Targ. II Kings IX, 14 (ed. 
Wil. tno; h. text 1tt5p Hithpa.). Targ. Jer. VIII, 5 "naab 
"ja ed. Lag. (ed. 1"iab) to run away from (desert); a. fr.— 
Ber. 44 a Tnal "IS until he ran away (bewildered).— 2) cmp. 
-na II a . i-nn) to rule. Targ. Lam. I, 7. 

Ithpe. THa^x to become rebellious, run aioay. Keth. 63 b 
IffWIf* Rashi (ed. ITTW*, Alf. &Ona"W) ran away (from 
her husband). B. Mets. 84 b '31 hbtK hTWK (Ms. M. "i-ia^X, 
v. ^na) she ran away and went to her paternal home. 

~ J/J Im. (b. h. ; denom. of TTi) [running away, run- 
ning against, cmp. b?a,] desertion, rebellion. Pes.55 b *inx 
Wi^ab !"Hi;btt5 after three days since her (the bird's) desert- 
ing the eggs ; ib. pnn/iab. Midr. Till, to Ps. XC 'an b*nun 
'3T ^X innait) I beg for amnesty for the rebellion which 
I made. Gen. R. s. 23; s. 26 (ref. to bmn, briilj Gen. IV, 
26 ; VI, 1 ; X, 8) 'a *|1tJb it means desertion from the Lord 
(cmp. bbri, "pl^n); a. fr. — 'a nna^N a document stating a 
wife's, or a husband's, refusal of duties, v. Tip I. Keth. 
64 a ; Y. ib. V, 30 b bot.; Y. Kidd. I, 59 ;i bot.; &. fr. — PL 
D'H'ja rebellious acts, contrad. to sins of passion (niDlll). 
Tosef. Yoma II, 1 ; Yoma 36 b ; Y. ib. Ill, 40 d bot., v. rra. 

1 j]2 II m. (v. preced.; cmp. rWroI a. nnn) [bringing 




down,} subjugation. Gen. R. s. 42 (ref. to Gen. XIV, 4, sq.) 
jflldb 1tt53> 531X2 in the fourteenth year counting from 
their subjugation; Yalk. ib. 72. 

T]0, M"3TQ> "^ (Bibl. chald. TTO) ch. = h. TTB I. 
Targ. Josh. XXil"22 TWO ed. Lag. (ed. Xlla). Targ. II Sam. 
XV, 12 (h. text "Mp); a. e. — Pl. "pi?, ?»• Tar g- Job 
VIII, 4. Ib. XXXV, 6 TpTTg Ms. (ed! TTftn, v. Vffno). 

^"1"1Q f. (Iia) rebellious. Targ. Y. Deut. XX, 20 (ed. 
Amst. a. oth. Wnia). 

fc^HQ I baker's shovel, v. m*TQ I. 

T ; - ' v : - 

fcslHQ II name of a bird, v. hlla II. 

^n^3 ^3.*- ^ v * ^ n ) moist, green. Targ. Is.XVn,6 
(h. text'nilS); cmp. Nil. 

CS N JZJ m. (TV; v. 11a) or^wre, a material for vessels. 
Ab. Zar'.75 b 'al l!Oa (some ed. fiTTO; Alf. Xlaia, v. Rabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note) a mirda vessel (v. bbjl) ; Tanh. ed. Bub. 
Huck. 2 xnilal. 

rriwn v. wo. 

• T S - - ~ ; - 

n^l.Q I f. (nil H) fcaZrer's shovel, peel. Tosef . Kel. B. 
Mets.'ili, 7. Taan.25 a (Var. Nila). 

fn"")^ II (^or PlTHD) m. mardeh (mardah), name 
of a lowland bird. Hull. 65 b Ar. (ed. Xlia). 

*1T1Q I m.(?) same. Hull. 62 b 'a 13**rTl and this ('hen 
of the 'marsh') is mardu. Ib. Til 'a (Rashi m»X ▼• ■*&}• 

^TTO II f., v. «wa 

D^TO I f. (nil I) chastisement, punishment. Ber. 7 a 
*W rnx'JD rQTJ one chastisement in the heart of man (self- 
reproach) is better than many lashes. Gen. R. s. 23, beg. 
",n 'a ',TO? *|blD all (those names) have the meaning of chas- 
tisement; ib. s. 57 end. Ex. R. s. 42 (play on 11, Ex. XXXII, 7) 
pD*nS nn 'a they need chastisement. Ib. s. 1 133 23ian ^3 
'Tan "ja he who refrains from punishing his son; a. e. — 
[PL rriwm Tanh. M'tsora, ed. Bub. 3 "ton nillan -pit 
■1 ^tfja (corr. ace.) these punishments do not come to 
thee by mistake (or suddenly, v. *>bttJ, v. Bub. a. 1. note 10), 
I have warned thee &c; Tanh. ed. 1 Ol lttl nillan f» 
(read: Milan); Yalk. Lev. 558 '31 tffcn niian VK.] 

■ r^^PG II f. (b. h.; lial) rebellion, disobedience. — 
'a t"Oa(ni3a, abbrev. a"a) punishment for disobedience,\eft 
to the discretion of the court, con trad, to the Biblically or- 
dained punishment (Mpsa). Naz. IV, 3 (23 a ):iSDn...nD^nX 
*a 'a if she cannot receive the lawful punishment of forty 
lashes, let her receive the punishment for rebellion. Keth. 
45 1 '. Sabb. 40 b ; Yeb. 52 a ; Hull. 141 b . [Rashi: = nil, 
'blows enforcing submission', v. TttJ H a. preced. w.] 

Nri'THlQ, 'HHQ I ch.=h. rwia I, chastisement, cor- 
rection (corresp. to b. h. 1WB). Targ. Ps. II, 10. Targ. 


Prov. XXII, 15. Targ. Y. II Lev. XIX, 20 Ilia (h. text 
nipn); a. e.— PI. Kfilliia. Targ. Y.ib. XXVI, 18; 23. 

SrjlTlH II ch.=h. tMlla H. Targ. I Sam. XX, 30. 

fct^TG rudder, v. K"«n*o. 

t : : - ' T ! « 

fcT'TTQ m. ("**}) ploughshare. Targ. Ps. CXLI, 7 (ed. 
Wil. dim. corr. ace). 

T- T I 7 ' 

"P^T~)I2 m. pi. (v. Xila) rebellious acts, political 
crimes, esp. the unauthorized exercise of criminal juris- 
diction by Jews under the Parthian government. B.Eam. 

ii7» . ,*iw t*ois xnajn ... nn iwim xnisba verrw} is 

'a 'a iiafctl . . Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) formerly the 
rulers were Greeks who cared not about bloodshed (ex- 
ecution by unauthorized courts), but now they arePersians 
(Parthians) who do care &c, and cry, rebellion! rebellion! 
— B. Mets. 39 a 'a nana ni!3 who flees from persecution 
for political offenses ; B. Bath. 38 b . [Hai Gaon derives 
our w. from the Persian, giving it the meaning of murder; 
PI. to Levy Talm. Diet. IH, p. 317 b suggests murdan, 
to die.] 

Gen. R. s. 71 "pliai ■)■*■« (tsmi), v. 15 1. 

"OHHQ (b.h.)pr.n.m. Mordecai, l)the uncle of Esther. 
Pes. U7 a inilatf m&XI 'a M. and Esther recited (compos- 
ed) those psalms of Hallel. Yeb. 24 b , v. 1§; a. fr. — 2) name 
of an Amora. Keth. 87 a . Ber. 31 a ; a. fr. 

fetPTJfr'HE f. (transpos. of 'Dlla; ?j11; cmp. K1la for 
Klla &c.) : staff, crutch. Targ. Y. Ex. XXI, 19 Ar.' (ed. 
T TOT t a , misplaced Var. Kabila, corr. ace.). 

"TDTIH, Yalk. Deut. 945 some ed., v. ynift 

^JTJO m. (SHl=ni1 to plough)the handle of the plough, 
having on one end a broad iron blade (limn), on the 
other a spud (pll). Kel. XXV, 2; Tosef. ib.B. Bath. HI, 5. 
Num. R. s. 14; Pesik. R. s. 3 '31 'a . . n31ttan the Mishnah 
calls it mardea, whereas the Bible calls it dar'ban and 
malmdd. Ib.; Koh. R. to XII, 11 (phonetic etymol.) 3>iia 
nisbnsH rTTffl SOnu? mardea,because it teaches the(plough- 
ing) cow sense. B.Bath. 11,13 (27 b ) nilTinan "iQS bs 'an s6a 
as far as the handle protrudes over the plough (differ, in 
comment, which take our w. to mean ox-goad). Y. R. 
Hash. I, 58 a hot. mat "a a6a a distance equal to the length 
of kc.—Pl. a^iia. lb— nisiia (fr. nsyu a f.). Sabb. 12 b ; 
149 a 'a mitt the height of two m.— R. Hash. 24 a (Ms. O. 
maila, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 80); Tosef. ib. II (I), 2 
ni*atlia ed. Zuck. (Var. rvwna, niSlia). 

H^TlQ f. (Syr. atre>113, P. Sm. 604 ; Arab, bardaat, 
v. Fn Aram. Premdw., p. 104) a garment made up of 
patches. Lam. R. to 1, 1 m3l ('nib in 1) '31 rT$ nr* 'a 
(ed. Wil. 11a, corr. ace.) he has a garment made up of 
twenty four patches, v. Nn^D^X II. 

r*l!?T")Q f> (preced.) pack-saddle or cushion, consisting 
of patches." Sabb. V, 2 (52 b ) '31 'a3 seep lian an ass may 
be driven out (on the Sabbath) with the cushion tied on 
his back (as a protection from cold) ; ib. 53 a . Tosef. Kil. V, 






18 'SI 'tin t"W in -1 nh one must not put a cushion of patches 
on his shoulder (on account of the mixture of stuffs, 
D^VS). Y. Bice. Ill, 65 d top '31 VS I^SttJ W4Bh his of- 
ficial cloak is as befitting to him as an ass' pack-saddle; 
Midr. Sam. ch. VII; a. e. 

fctj^HD, v. *%f{n. 

NiTPTQ, (SrrnQ) f. Cr?*?) running about, turbu- 
lent. T Targ[ ProvT VH, T 11 (Ms. WvnTa, read: "th^).— 
*2)'a NFrttti32 name of a synagogue in Caesarea (Me turbu- 
lent synagogue, v. Josephus B. J. II, 14, 5). Y. Naz. VII, 
56 a ; Y. Ber. Ill, 6 a hot. tOWm (ed. Krot. WhS"fo); Lam. 
R. to I, 3 KMDflt); Num. R. s. 12 IWia (prob. to be read: 


fctrHlQ, Tanh. ed. Bub. Huck. 2, v. Slla, 

T: ../ . . ) t:-' 

PHE I f. (b. h.) 1) fem. of la H, bitter.— 2) bitter taste. 
Y. Ber. VI, 10 a frttO nbd2 their bitter taste is gone.— 
3) drop, poison (v. G"1X). Ter.VIII, 5 'tin the serpent's dis- 
charge.— Esp. gall, bile. Hull. Ill, 1;— B. Mets. 107 b 
( Ex. XXIII, 25) 'O It that means (overflow of) bile, v. 
nbn. — Trnsf. austerity, gravity. Cant. R. to IV, 4 (play 
on nv-pti) E&13& 'a nxsii "aaam (not KSV) from it austerity 
(responsibility) went forth to the world. Keth. 1 03 b pVit 
BiTaVfia 'a cast bile among the students (be austere 
against them). Sifre Deut. 323 (ref. to Deut. XXXII, 32 

rma rfcarax) isiajo 33a nans "jrha 333^ w^v-an as to 

the great among you, their bile (austere rebuke) is dis- 
tributed among you as the juice in the grapes; Yalk. ib. 
946 '31 fd Jn&ViB "Jtrra their bile is distributed within 

n IaJ II (b.h.) pr. Marah, a station in the desert 
T T i t 

(so named from its bitter waters). Snh. 56"; Hor.8 , a.e. 

t'HD III hoe, v.Sian. 

T T ' T T 

rHEl IV l) to be fat; 2) to be disobedient, v. "no I, II. 

S*3(T"'1Q m. (3?Ti) pride, haughtiness. Targ. Ps. 
XXXV, i6 (ed. Wil. Kjajyra (v. Ifff*) sports). 

SS MZJ m. O^l; cmp. Lat. salvia, v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Ele- 
lisphacos) marva, a medicinal plant; fcfilVft 'a white 
marva, sage. Sabb. 109 b (a defin. of ffi ailX; Ms. M. *nt} 
K^YTO; cmp. xnTn). 

^"iHQ, SThQ jrf. (v. "to. IV) power, dominion; ty- 
ranny. Targ. Nah. Ill, 14 '31 'a "tt&X increase the yoke 
of tyranny and force them &c. Targ. Is. XXVIII, 20. Ib. 
XL VII, 2 Regia (ed. KSlla).— V. iStfTHfl. 

fcWHQf. (i;n) intoxicating drink. Targ. Ps. LXIX, 13 
Ms. (ed. nj-TO).— V. ijna. 

nSTlD m., HSTIQ f. (v. na'n) large, numerous, 
frequent; opp. Bi'siajpZ. B"Wtb, fiiavia. Hag. I, 5; — 
Sifra Tsav ch. XV, Par. 11 "a (ITia) the more frequent 
act, v. £35*0. Pes. 37 a ; Bets. 22 b 'a r®, v. 35 I; a. fr.— 
R. Hash. 4 b , a. fr. tWfra the larger sphere, v. HSla. — 

3^53 Wna Me priest distinguished by a larger number 
of official garments (v. Yoma VII, 5), i. e. the high priest 
during the second Temple when no anointing took place. 
Sifra Tsav, Par. 3, ch. V (ref. to Lev. IV, 5) fW '3 'a how 
do you know that the law refers to the high priest even 
when he has not been anointed? Hor. Ill, 4. Ib. 12 a ; a. fr. 

S^ID square, v. 53.S. 

"H""^ m. (tP; cmp. WiJ), 'an the lowest, youngest. 
Gen. R. s. 23, beg T . 3^13311) "tin Ar. s. v. Tnafi (ed. TOM 


T1HD m. fna I) rebel. Tosef. Maas. Sh. I, 5 'ti sassa 
(not Saiaari, Var. -ilia, corr. ace.) a coin issued by a rebel 
(Bar Kokhba); Y. ib. I, 52 d top, v. 'Tin I. 

li"ID, fcHllQ I ch. same. Targ. Y. Lev. XXIV, 10. 
Targ.Y.INum. XXIV, 19 (not KTrTD); a. e.— P/. '|'' Prill, 
Xp'ha. Targ. Job XXIV, 13 (ed.Wil."pTja; oth.ed.ymiaj. 
Targ. Is. XXX, 1 ; a. e. 

T11D, XTHE II (or 'a) m. fna; cmp. W; a. b. h. 
ma, pi. d^ia) running wild, esp. the wild ass. Targ. 0. 
Gen. XVI, 12 (h. text K1B). Targ. Job. VI, 5 (Var. MOTTIS). 
Ib. XXXIX, 5; a. e.— PI. Wifta. lb. XXIV, 5. 

STFllG (or 'a) m. (TTa) rebelliousness. Targ. Ps. L, 1 6 
(ed. Wil. KaVia, "corr. ace.). — PI. 'J'Tha, ispila. Targ. 
Lam. I, 5 KrVjiia (some ed. "Ilia, corr. ace). Targ. Ps. 
XXXII, 1; 5 T . T 

rP3"l"HI2 f. (-nail) running. — PI. ni^-ha. Tosef. 
Bekh.V, 3 (ed. Zuck. rWfiSa), v. )^X 

STHD, v. wrp. 
CPTTja v. rr<ij» 

NrfH"lE, v. wwra. 

t : : t' t t 

rTlTQ, Y. Taan. IV, 65 b bot., read: lina, v. -m 

ni"lD m. (b. h.; v. rna) 1) (denom. of mi) filled with 
air. Bekh. VII, 5 (expl. Lev. XXI, 20) '31 rmiD ^3 he who 
has wind in his testicles; Tosef. ib.V, 4 (v. 3X?^p); Yalk. 
Lev. 632.-2) (= rTiiaa, v. rna) smashed. Ib. (R. Yishm.) 

'3i innasuj; (Tosef.Y c. C)inw). T — [3) -jusx 'a m, r ( iyn nxna 

ft/aeA; complexion. Bekh. 1. c, opin. of R. Antigonos.] 

rTDlni] f. (B"na; sub. rTTSffi) plucked hair, nickname 
of a baldheaded person. Ex. R. s. 24; Tanh. B'shall. 18; 
Yalk. Ex. 255. 

"^"IQ m. (iVl) intoxicating drink. Targ. O. Lev. X, 9 
(Y. "••na* tasia). ' Targ. Zech. XII, 2 ilia.— V. «ma. 

MJJlft v. m> 

ri^inD f., jp?. rii'lHQ (nn)rfr?ppiw^ o/wes. Y.Maasr. 
I, 49 a top [read:] '31 IT"3tt) 'a >lTi^a from the time tha 
the olives of the second year in the store-house begin to 
drip (from the heat). 


839 a^wp* 

Sm")D, y. Ori. i, 6i a , v. stmsna. 
"pl/D, v. tfnia. 

DT10, Tosef. B. Kam. I, 4 Var., v. Wha, 

Di"lQ pr. n. m. Merom. Y. Taan. IV, 68 b top; Y. Meg. 
IV, 75 a bot. 'a "Q 1BPb(iO ; Treat. Sof 'rim XXI, 7 tna 
dipa (corr. ace). Gen. R. s. 66 'pa *,d; Cant. R. to VII, 1 
pa TO; Ruth R. to II, 5 diTd; Yalk. ib. 601 pTOS (corr. 

D")""lQ m. (b. li. ; W\) height, on high. Lev.R. s. 5; Yalk. 
Is. 290, v.3»x— PI. d^aina, constr. ^apa. Nidd. 16 b ( 
Ben Sira) mp / a3 rOttJ d^ttJiail be wbo places his (scholar's) 
seat on the heights of the city. 

JtfQ"H/2 I ch. same. Targ. Ps. LXXV, 6; a. e. — Y. 
Taan. I, 64 b bot. nbdia Criia, v. s&dla.— PtSjai'^, Targ. 
Job XVI, 19. 

SOllD II f. (preced.) uplifted. Targ. Y. Ex. VI, 6, 

v. da*;a. 

TV2FHT2 m. (Sta^) fraudulent; 'a p a case in which 
the court has reason to suspect legal trickery or conspir- 
acy. Snh. 32 b . Shebu. 30 b . 

"|"1~1/Q I m. (Spa) rebellion; 'a V3 rebels who surrender, 
v. Wia'St R. Hash. I, 2 (16 a ) (differ, in comment.); v. 
also "next w.— [B. Bath. I, 6 Ms. M., v. fjia.] 

1"1™IH II, 12 n" 1 !! pr. n. pi. Beth Mar on, a place the 
access to which was by a narrow path. R. Hash. 18 a (expl. 
pa "aa, v. preced.) 'a rYQ nibsaa like going up the ascent 
to B. M. (in single file ; Var. pin ma). Erub. 22 b (v.Rabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 20).— V. next w. 

1*1*122, "l"n* l Q 1) pr. n. pi. Meron, in Galilee, south of 
Giscala. Y. Shebi. IX, 38 d bot. Tosef. Dem. IV, 13 TQ ed. 
Zuck. (Var. pT^a). Tanh. ed. Bub., P'kude 7 i» bs>tt) TOpd 
'dl 'a the valley in front of M., his native town ; Ex. R. 
s. 52 pa *aB bStt) rmx TOpd some ed. (corr. ace). Cant. 
R. to VHI, 1 TD; Ex. R. s. 5, beg. To rTO (not To). Y. 
Taan. IV, 68 d (in a fragmentary passage) itrVip To Meron 
(in connection with Jojarib) designates the place (of the 
family).— 2) pr. n. m., v. di-ia.— [Hull. 60 b Ilia, pio Ar., 
v. D^an.l 

T * t •* 

HSDTlQ m. (preced.) of Meron.— PI. 'W'ha. Kob. 
R. to XI, 2; Pesik. B'shall., p. 94 a sq. lOpCO, ^ 

"OT^D h. same, (or "»5pa of Maron). B. Bath. 156 b 
(Ms." F. "aiTO, v. Rabb. D. S.V 1. note 3); Kidd. 26 b TO; 
Y. Peah IV, 17 d TO. 

DTKO, Tosef. B. Kam. I, 4, v. WttJ, 

S5T11Q f. (3>p) (et-iZ) occurrence, visitation (cmp.pXI). 
Targ. T Hos." XI, 7. Targ. Mic. VI, 3. Targ. Is. XLVII, 2 
(v. KVia II). 

M^ID I f. (b. h. ; y!Ti) running. Yalk. Gen. 109 TOh 

fijnb feBWTOW 13 (some ed. 'S^att?) he (Eliezer) recognized 
that his (Laban's) running was for evil. Midr. Till, to 
Ps. LXIII ed. Bub. 'ad . . p ttt} would run after the 
horse in speed. 

n^lQ"II f. (b.h.; yin) oppression, arrogance. Ruth 
R. introd., 'v. tfjsm? 

SpT"lQ I m. (P^a) a substance used for polishing, 
prob. pumice (v. S"Jp T ?a). B. Mets. 47 a , sq. 'ad 'jWp (Ar. 
ed. Koh. SKp'nad) you may take vicarious possession with 
a vessel made of maroka (although it is too brittle 
for practical use; Tosaf. : 'date-stones used for smooth- 
ing parchment'; Rashi: 'a vessel made of baked ordure', 
v. bba). Ib. Kp'nia ed. (Ms. M. «pVY0, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. 

&$J2T")Q II m. (v. Nppia) saffron-colored.— Pl.'^prro. 
Targ. EstbJl, 6. 

"ll")D m.(b.h.; pa) 1) (adj.) bitter.— KvHhQfhfhfr 
Snh. 108 b ; Erub. 18 b '01 'a •VYlilta ITf let my food be 
bitter as an olive leaf but given at thy (the Lord's) hand 
&e; a. e. — 2) bitter herb, esp. maror, (cmp. Trixpt;) a plant, 
prob. Cichorium Itybus, Succory. Pes. II, 6, expl. ib. 39 a 
xassoi Krvma Ms. M. (ed. only stmTo). ib."p inbtin 'a na 

'dl Ms. M. (ed. incorr.) as maror is soft (mild) in its be- 
ginning and hard (pungent) at its end (root). Ib. ijtaa 
'Ol 'a ^Xfrt how can you tell that the maror (d^pa, Ex. 
XII, 8) means an herb, perhaps the gall of a Jcufta is 
meant? Ib. in 'a xa^it but may I not say, maror means 
one certain species exclusively? Ib. b 'a dSa id UJ^ttJ bo 
whatever has the taste of maror (bitter, v. supra). Ib. 'a 
"]3dTl bitter herbs which are subject to tithes merely by 
rabbinical enactment; a. fr. — Pl. EpVia, ppia. Ib. a ; 
a. e. 

STPQ ch. same,l) bitterness, bitter taste. Targ.ISam. 
XV, 32 "Una Regia, v.-pa II.— Ab. Zar.31 b NrVUDd*! 'a the 
bitter sap of cuscuta. — 2) bitter herb, — PI. ppo. Y.Meg. 
IV, 74 d bot.; Y. Bice III, end, 65 d , v. K3pip— *3) (trnsf.) 
evil-doer.— PI. l&pffoa. Targ. Y. I Deut. XXXII, 2 [prob. 
to be read: K^Tha, v. SHlTo.— Targ. Lam. I, 5 KrtTna, 
v. K"pa]. 

n"n™lD f. (b.h. p'*ia; preced. wds.) venom. Pirke 
d'R. El. ch.'xiv d^ns rnha, v. ins.— PI. rvhria troubles, 
evils. Esth.R. introd. to Par. 5 (ref.'to rma, Deut. XXXII, 
32) dbisb 'a l&Odn ibbtt (some ed. rPha) it is they (the 
grapes) that brought troubles into the world; Lev.R. 
s. 12 niTTo (corr. ace) ; Gen. R. s. 15 WdM mboiuxri )m* 
'01 'a ; Yalk. Deut. 946 (some ed. V7 la, corr. ace). 

fctfUllQ, Erub. 69 a Ms. 0., v. 2*Upa. 

JWlQ vessels (?). Y. Ter. VIII, 45 d bot. b» . . . "Wi 
pal 'a nSd-iK (prob. to be read : , pia t T!== , penn > v. tf* I) 
and he put the posts of his bedstead into four vessels 
filled with water (cmp. Ab. Zar. 32 a ; Y. ib. II, 41 b -padb 


&TD£n"ia, v. ^puia. 





m"^D f. intoxicating drink, v. Kna. 

ninQ f. (la) l) authority, dominion. Pesik. B. 8. 40 

(play onV^Tb/fiDira "irvhatt) -pa (not nsirfs) the 

district in which the lordship of the world resides; £]SO 
'31 ^3> K1H "O BlpBh and the place, too, is the ruler of all 
other places (ref. to firtSS, I Chr. XIII, 6, as a surname 
of Zion, v. .1???). Ber. 48 a (in Chald. diet.) »Vi n^in Np 
'B ">bapa you see that they (the Pharisees) recognize no 
(royal) authority. — 2) domestication. Sabb. 106 b (v. TH-J) 
'a iibapa fia^KID it does not submit to domestication. 
Tosef. B. Kam. I, 4 'a 1*1 BK Var. in ed. Zuck. (sub. bW; 
ed. Qina,b1*ia; ed. Zuck. FWt?) if they (the animals) were 
domesticated, opp. IBlain "ja 1KB. 

{^P^HD, ^ni"lQ, "HT2 ch. same, authority, domin- 
ion (v. fctna). Targ. T I Sam. 1,11 (v. rTjia II). Targ. Ez. 
XVI, 9 SriV-ra ed. Wil.;— Gen. B. s. 55 (play onfi^b) 
XB^an Itm ~in&< ed. Wil. (oth. ed. anna) the seat of the 
dominion of the world, v. preced. — PJ.'ittTina, v. la. 

D]HQ m. (an, transpos. of t*Qj cmp. f^a) 1) tube, 
spout; ■ esp. i/te movable tube attached to the roof gutters 
(nHlta). B. Bath. Ill, 6 nptn lb fK 'an no claim, based 
on undisturbed use, can be made for the special position 
of the pipe discharging the water into the neighbor's yard ; 
expl. ib. 58 b ; Y. ib. Ill, end, 14 b Blpa. .W isra 'art Blpa 
'31 ini^p the right of a pipe for the discharge of water 
into the neighbor's court can be claimed on the basis 
of undisturbed use, but not the special place of its 
discharge; (Tosef. ib. H, 13 WS). Yeb. 75 b 'S3 if the 
mutilated membrum has the shape of a spout (leaving 
the urinary canal unprotected). Sabb. 146 b 'a BlttJa rT"Pta 
it is forbidden, lest he shape a regular tapping tube 
(v. Wial). — 2) a sort of cape, having the shape of a 
gutter, formed by throwing the edges of a garment over 
the shoulders backward. Ib. 147 a , v. KB"©. 

fcojnn, NyjTQ ch - same - Targ - J<> bxxxviii > 25 

'pa (ed. Lag. ^n'a). — Hull. I05 b "nia ■'Mn mama 
they put it under a spout. Gitt. 69 a 'ana iron. — PJ. 
■nana, l gpo J ^ana, ">np. Targ. Koh. II, 8 (h. text rrrp 
nTTW). Targ. Job' XXVIII, 4; a. e. — Snh. 109 a ; M. Kat. 
25 b ma^XI 'a the spouts of the roofs of Sepphoris. 

&OllV"TC5 m. (Pers. marzban, Vullers II, 1161) [cus- 
todian of borderland,] prefect, duke. — PI. WHtt. Meg. 6 b 
(Ms. 0. IMHtta, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. notes 70 a. 90). 

fctFQTflD, v. kmditd. 

T :- : - t :- : - 

MRI2, v. f\ 

mmf~lQ f. pi. (v. XSina) hammers, as instruments of 
torture. Lev. B. s. 27 •paVaaai 'aB Ar. (ed.; Num. B. s. 
10, beg.; Cant. B. to V, 16 nBTBl Tiaa, read: niBpaB or 
KfiBfiaB) with hammers and whips. 

"'tOI'PO m. pi. (an, transpos. of fO, as in ana; 
cmp. X^a II, n^sin &c.) mats (used for partitions), mat- 

ting. Succ. 20 a , explaining mbann (v. nbrjin) 'a (some ed. 
B^BItla); ib. '31 "^>ata...'a ijta what is marzuble? B. A. 
(judging by phonetic resemblance) says, bags filled with 
foliage ; B. S. says, real matting. Ib. '31 ^IZJ 'a Ms. M. 
(ed. B^BIT-ia). 

-, v. u»Bna. 

n"l^"lQ m„ pi. u" l n"l'fTQ (v. nna) banqueters, merry- 
makers.' Lev. B. s. 5 (ref. t'o Am. VI, 7) [read:] )"!t*ia ma 
'a nna B^nnB what is mirzah s'ruhim? The banqueting 
of the feasters. 

SS'l'fHQ m. (Bn, transpos. of t"iB; cmp. ana) hammer 
(=h. napa).— PI. "pEnna. Targ. Ps. LXXIII, 10 (h. text 
B'Vi, v. o\£). Ib. LXXIV, 6 'aB3 "pna (some ed. 'na3B, 
ed. Wil. 'aB, corr. ace; h. text 'a'Vn).— V. RMJT'TO. 

M] jQ m. (b. h.; nnt or tilt, with ~i inserted) merry- 
making, banquet, also the banquet given to mourners to 
cheer them up. Lev. B. s. 5, v. nina. — [M. Kat. 28 b , v. 
nail.]— PL B*>nna, yrina, "Tia. Sifre Num. 131 ntn 
'a Bfte rotate they (the Moabites) again arranged (idolat- 
rous) banquets for them. Koh. B. to VII, 1, end "pIBlB \>3n 
'a 1^ Wl3> . . all people lament and clap hands over the 
death of the righteous man (Samuel), and this wicked 
man (Nabal) holds banquets; Yalk. Sam. 134; Midr. Sam. 
ch. XXIII. Esth. B. to I, 2 ; ib. to I, 9 ; a. e. 

^n^^^P!Pch.l)same.Keth.69 a ,v.infra.-PZ.^nna, 
1">riina. ' Targ. Am. VI, 7. Targ. Y. I Num. XXV, 2(v. Sifre 
Num. 131, quot. in preced.). — Esp. (banquet) exhilarating 
the mourner; 'a "a (roa) the place of the mourners 1 meal. 
Targ. Jer. XVI, 5.— Keth. 69 a '31 'a ta 3W -,!*a who sits 
at the head at mourners' meals? expl. ib. b ^BX 'a Itta 
(be-)marzeha means (house of) mourning (ref. to Jer. 1. c.).— 
2) (v. nina) pi. Sf»*yi1U those who cheer the mourners. 
Targ. II Esth. 1, 3 ed. Prf.(v. X^nBa).— Y. Ber. Ill, 6 a top 
(reprehending the excesses at mourners' meals) . ."pbapn &0> 
'a "inab . . (not Tilta) after my death do not receive to- 
day mourning (condolence) and to-morrow merry-makers. 

fcGTTq, v. Nana. 

T •• : - T- : - 

XVrp_, KHTTD, y. nna, xnna. 

HDJIQ, v. nania. 

XFl'DriQ f. = xnsn&U, hammer. Targ. Jud. IV, 21 
(quotJin llashi to Ber. 34 a top; ed. "IN).— Ber. 34 a plTO 
xnSSI 'BB !"Pb we strike him with a smith's hammer, i. e. 
he must be taught his duty ; Meg. 25 a (some ed.'ns). Tanh. 
Huck. 1 ; (Gitt. 56 b *-\i<). 

nnQ (b. h.; sec. r. of nil) to soften; to poultice. 

Pi. rn**a 1) to strike a plaster, rub a salve; in gen. to 
mash, crush. Tosef. Sabb. V (VI), 6 fiBim n^Ban he who 
mashes ingredients for a plaster on the Sabbath; Erub. 
102 b ; Y. ib.X. 26 c .— Sabb. 75 b '31 mBVaan he who spreads 
and presses the poultice over a sore; Y. ib. VII, 10 d top. 
Ib. XXII, 3 (146 a ) he must not put on wax N1!-i£ "Qtiti 
maa (Mish. Pes. rjinaa, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 90) be- 


cause it is an act resembling the spreading of plaster. 
Sifra Sh'mini, Par. 8, ch. X; Kel. V, 11 WBS .--- - if he 
smeared clay over it; Tosef. ib. B. Kam. IV, 10; 12. lb. 
VII, 10 bUTOH zv rrfrtHBlB 'TOI and connected its rims 
with the wall by plaster or pitch; a. fr. — Part. pass. 
•WO crushed. Bekh. 44 b V\ T-X tW 1*1 (not LNIUU) if 
I'roah meant crushed, it ought to read m'morah kc. ; 
Talk. Lev. 632, v. -i~ ;.— 2) to pass (the hand) orer a viscid 
mass, to wipe off, rub off. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. TTO frHOO 
rnx he may wipe (or brush) it off with one hand; (Bab. 
ib. 141 a pBCB t*W3). — 3) to ^ii'e a J3t/e of grain an even 
shape, to finish the process of storing up. Maasr. I, 6 
W moo "*k aso nTO-nra (Y. ed. rr*mo or rfma) (is 

--t: — t: v - - t : ~" : ~. 

subject to tithes) as soon as he evens the pile, and if he 
does not even &c; expl. Y. ib. I, 49 a bot. '31 "•tT fl "JO 
when he gives a finish to the surface of the pile. Ib. 
I — •:"- m rv~z pWDQ (not PiTO"^) when he has not the in- 
tention to even the pile; a. fr.— Part. pass. P."JTOO,f.nn~TO~; 
.----■-.; r ti t HUM . Bekh.ll a , sq. TOO O*£no (Ar. 0"*WTO) 
untithed grain stored up in proper shape. Y. Peah IV, 
16 c bot. tW *t) a finished pile; a. e.— Tosef. Ter. IV, 15 
ttyytO =» it t "fOJii . — 4) (denom. of rrr) to winnow. Part. 
pass, as ab. Tosef. Maasr. II, 17 **0 IT-llBS 100 h«*2*l x:i . 
'z~ if one finds winnowed grain (which has been abandon- 
ed), if it is made up into a pile, you dare not take it, opp. 
mrttO scattered; Y. ib. Ill, 50 c bot. -j-mTOO DTPS. 

Nif. ttyaa l) to be crushed into a viscid mass. Bekh. 
VII , 5 (expl. --'X rmo, Lev. XXI, 20) T-3U58 *TTOa« fa 
(Bab. ed., 44 '. Tr:) whose testicles are crushed; (refuted 
ib. in Gem.) '31 rmoo tUT, v. supra. — 2) to be smeared 
over. Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. VII, 10 rtETfi BT rTiEWB is until 
it is smeared over so as to be even with the rim. 

Hilhpa. ~"zr~, Xithpa. ftyiri to be shaped into an 
even pile, to be finished. Y. Peah I, beg. 15 a/ on3 k?bj *& 
~zr. as long as the pile is not struck off; a. e. [Y. Maasr. 
1, 49 a bot. r.TOr-«0 ntt-On, read : IVWMDU, v. supra.] 

JTjQ I ch., Pa. rfto same, to strike off the pile, finish. 
Bekh. ll b "X- *r,'.-r,—z- who, do you mean, finished the 

TTjZ II (denom. of WT») to Wo?» up.— Part. pass. rJHg 
haughty, bold. Targ. Prov. XIV, 13 (ed. Wil. rftfl, corr. 

ace. ; h. text 310).— V. »""■"-. 

NirriZ m. (trtj) friend.— PL pBTpO, ' HJljJU . Targ. 
Lam. I, 19. Targ. O. Gen. XXVI, 26 "TO (ed. Berl. Wiom, 
v. Berl. Targ. 0. II, p. 10); Gen. B. s. 65 "TO. — Sabb. 32 a , 
( v. sowa I. 

S-!2n^3 m. (preced.) friendly, compassionate. — PI. 
^r.-V Targ. II Esth. I, 2 (3) TO SK*q3 (ed. Lag. a. oth. 
"OTOr.TO). Ib. K!j?nrna xrttOX (Var. for y tturtia, read: 

TTnTQ c. (yrr) fcatt. Y. Ber. IX, 14 b top 'on r'z-" 
prayer on entering and on leaving the bath-house. Ib. 
np-z: X+7V2 TO a heated (vapor) bath. Ab. Zar III, 4, v. 
•-•-•-zx;— PI. WMCM f lO . Ib. 2 b ; Sabb. 33 b . Cant, 
R. to I, 6 r"-sr.~2- • _ -fr.lo ^~zz with a slight bath in 

841 vne 

one of the bath-houses. Arakh. 32 a TO TO; Sifra B'har, 
ch. V, Par. 4; Y. Maasr. Ill, end, 51 a tTPXrno; a. fr. 

priHD m. (b. h.; prri) distance. Yalk. Prov. 964 r«0» 
TOO for she (8arah) came from a distant land; a. e. 

pPHZZ! m., fctpPHQ f. (prft) abominable, unclean. 
Targ. Job" XV, 16 (h.'text 3?r:). Targ. 0. Lev. VII, 18 (h. 
text blOB). Targ. OvDeut. VII, 26 TOfl that which is ab- 
ominable (cmp. BTTOncft). Targ. Lev. XX, 21 (ed. Berl. 
xrrra; h. text STflj; a. fr.— PI. fy i' T O . Targ. Y.Deut. 

xxrv, 4. 

Spn^Q, '"172, Srjpnn^ f. (preced.) abomination. 
Targ/lTeut.' XXIV, 4. Targ. Prov. XIII, 19; a. fr. 

■jTCJrnQ, ]l^n"lQ (Assyr. Araah samna, Schr. 
KAT 2 , 380)' Mar he shvan, the eighth month of the Jewish 
calendar, containing twenty nine or thirty days, varying 
between the fifth of October and the second of December. 
Targ.Y. Dent. XI, 14. Targ. II Esth. Ill, 7.— R.Hash.ll b . 

SrnErHE! I {.(b.h. ;\.vrn) deep and covered pan. Men. 
V, 8; Sifra Vayikra, N'dab., Par. 10, ch. XII; a. e.; v. 

n anai 

rMJrnn II pr. n. pi. Marhesheth (v. Hildesh. Beitr., 
p. 31).' Y. Shebi.VI, 36 c ; Tosef. ib. IV, 11 "ino ed. Zuck. 
(Var. TTTO); Sifre Dent. 51 PWTTO; Yalk. ib. 874 xnSJsno. 

f Cni2 (b. h.) to pluck off (hair, wool &c); to pull. Tosef. 
Sabb. IX (X), 20; Sabb. 74 b io-iioni and he who plucks 
the down off the large feather of the wing. B. Mets. 68 b 
nia'l'ral msonai nima(Ar.niTna) they yield wool by being 
shorn, by passing through water, and by being plucked 
(in passing bushes &c; [prob. to be read niS*Ott)1 rYTtfta 

PLxfTVQ 1) same. Naz. 39 b/ 31 tpSPO TO tt&nif he pinced 
his hair (near the root), plucked it off, or trimmed it &c; 
(Ar. s. v. CpSO : 'created a bald spot by using a depilatory'). 
Sabb. 1. c. pHOO niSTO n**tt -TO? he who plucks the down 
(v. supra) is guilty of an act coming under the head of 
scraping (leather).— Part. pass. aiioo bald-headed. Naz. 
46 b ; Yoma 61 b TOtt T*0; Tosef. Naz. I, 6 anTOSl; Y.ib.VI, 
end, 55 d KITOI "Tta (read: TOa 1^3 or alTO).— 2) to smooth, 
polish. Num.R.s. 12 Olioo nU5n3 (prob. to be read : n^'Tiwa) 
pohshed bronze. 

Nif. I3TO3 to be plucked, to be bald. SifraThazr.,Par.5, 
ch. X'31 1S5!!0 T if his head became bald through sickness. 

T2RI2 I ch. same. Targ. 0. Lev. XXI, 5. Targ. Jer. 
XVI, 6 ;'a. e.— Part, tftya, pi. *|TOTO. Targ. Is. L, 6 ed. Lag. 
(oth. ed. "]-JTO; ed. Wil. {to"1TO). 

Ithpe. U ' ^UJltj to be laid bare, to have the shoulder un- 
covered (in mourning), v. *^n. Targ. Ez. XXIX, 18 (ed. 
Wil. OTOTX; h. text flWTO; Pesh'. y^>ft). 

Pa. ti^TO, v. infra. 

Palp. -TOTO to pull to pieces, to divide, plunder. Targ. 
Job XVI, 11 ia^TOra ed. Lag. (Ms. a'TO'TO, Var. ansa Pa.; 
h. text 1331''). Targ. Ps. XXXIX, 3 C W 1O0 tTO he lacer- 
ates my wound (h. text 1=53).— Hull. 92 b .T? 00*100 he 
pulled the fatty fibres out (going to the root). 




Ithpalp. aa-iapx, 'a^x to be torn to pieces, dismembered. 
Ab. Zar. 69 a Wjl iIWO'TS-'X (the mouse in the liquid) was 
dismembered. Nidd. 56 b diala" 1 !* *< Q Kr i B£ it would have 
been dismembered. [Koh. R. to X, 16 nalarvx, read: 

nsiamx, v. *rq I.] 

10HD II, St2"^2 m. (preced.) 1) baldness. Targ. O. 
Dent. XIV, 1. Targ.' Is. XV, 2; a. fr. — 2) plucked wool, 
tuft. Sabb. 49 a "vaa&t "Wl 'aa of wool plucked from be- 
tween the flanks (of a living animal, which contains 

msna, Mtmnq, rrawjq m . (preced.) d ^ 

of plucked wool,\c.\ lint. Y. Kil. IX, end, 32 d th "^?tno 
las a compress of wool lint; "jtvisl 'a*i of linen lint. Y. 
Sabb. IV, end, 7 a '31 'a d&31 "jXa iWt if one takes a tuft 
of wool and puts it on his head in cold weather. Y. Yoma 
VIII, 44 d top; Y. Taan. I, 64 c 'a i-in soaked a tuft.— 2) a 
garment made of {plucked) wool (v. P. Sm. 2224; Arab. 
mirt species indumenti ex lana &c), a coarse garment. 
Targ. Prov. XXV, 20. lb. XXVII, 13. — PI. pWB'TO. Y. 
Maas. Sh. I, 52 d bot. fb^O'T^ htJ "p^ln . . . )tp "t» (not 
"p3d . . .) R. 8. is still alive, and you hang your garments 
on him, i. e. you refer to him as your authority I 

ND1I21D, n&^taiDjread: rtWam. (btfi; cmp. 
X3dnri) hash of small fish or locusts preserved in salt. Y. 
Ab. Zar. n, 42 a top (v. WilTh). 

^SDTiGia, v. ****** 

** t : - 

ram wyrp_, v. ^w* 

JSp!2~lD, m. 1) (transp. of 8p T 1da, q. v.) tchip. Yoma 
77 a .— 2)' withered flesh, v. Np^Tia. 

n ")Q, v. -ia. 

n HQ I, fcfT0 (b. h.) to be strong, fat. 

Eif. Vt+ydnio fatten, stuff. Sabb. XXIV, 3 (155 b ) pS 
'=1 d"naa (Y. ed. fysq; Bab. ed. 'p^axa, v. "tax II) you 
must not stuff calves (on the Sabbath), v. riJOiari I. 

"HE II, HHQ (b.h.; v. preced. ; cmp. la, hVia) to rebel 
against. Part. JTria.— 'ai Vilb(p) the rebellious son, ame- 
nable to the law (Deut. XXI, 18-21). Snh.VHI, 1 Tta'Wa 
'ai / d "jd Mtt)5>i when is one to be dealt with as a sorer 
timoreh? Ib.68 b ;— PZ. d^ia, ynia, v. rt'n'id LT, a. di*iia. 

Hif. JTiari 1) fo m«&e strong, energetic. Gen. R. s. 42, 
end (play on X^aa) 'SI d'aB 'rTO3 he showed a stern coun- 
tenance against Abraham (rebuking him). — 2) £o provoke, 
to rebel. Y. Kidd. IV, beg. 65 b (play on lax, Neh.VII,61) 
'31 ^X^ SHa^ia they provoked God with their evil doings. 
Ex. R. s. 1, end '31 Tfmai? d^nsiB that they will rebel 
at the Red Sea ; a. fr. — Esp. to disregard the authority of 
the Supreme Court (v. fcOiaall). Snh. 14 b ; Sot. 45 a ; a.e — 
3) to incite one against the other, to arrange a race; to 
bet. Snh. 25 b (expl. OW TPIBa) '31 "paaitt those who 
race doves (and bet on them). Sabb. 31 a top nx nt snafittJ 
■"IT who entered a wager. 

n "]P, ^y2 ch. same; Af. "nax to provoke. [Targ. 
Zech. XII, 10, 'v. "Tia].— Sot. 35 b top n^BW If? ?* "J^a 

(Ar. ed. Koh. s. v. 1aX: maw "p-na^X, coir, ace.) who 
provoked thee that thou didst get angry?; Num. R.s.5, 
end. — Gen. R. s. 42 (play on ^BSaN) '31 ""'JBXl "nasi he 
provoked and made sport of &c. 

Ithpe. TPfft 'HX 1) to get angry. Num. R. 1. c. rV^asp; 
Sot. 1. c, v. supra. — 2) to quarrel, rebel. B. Mets. 84 b 
\N+&% Ms. M., v. T^a.— Hull. 58 b Npdb . . . **?$** Ar., v. 
N|53 (ed. 'da . . . X , ia' , X she ran away in anger from &c, 
v.lla). Keth. 63 b "Wla^ quot.inRashi to Job XXXIX, 18 
(ed.iTna^&t).— 3)£o refuse to abide by a bargain;to retract. 
B. Mets. 77 a d^SIB 1"ia"W . . XIp^X labor became dearer, 
and the laborers struck. lb. 3"ns>3 •*WW Ar. (ed. "la' 
la" 1 , v. "fla I) and the employer refused &c. 

JQ, IkSTj pr. n. m. Mart, name of several persons. 
Sabb. 154 a (v. marginal note); B. Mets. 110 a Wl Hid 'a 
bxiaUJ; B. Bath. 149 a (SOW -|1GW) iT^d 'a.— Y. Ber.VI, 
10 b top 'a Id pfiXi dl (Bab. ib. 51 a top nHDp&p pny); 
cmp. l^a. — B. Mets. 39 b , v. pd^. — Bets. 28 1 ' rV"0 '» 
WS^d dll ; a. several others. 

S"JT0, v. BP^O. 

•Q ]Ij name of a j'eweZ in the high priest's breast- 
plate. Targ! Cant.V, 14 (corresp. to diilD, Ex. XXVIII, 20). 

/"Q"HQ f. (b. h. ; V)) strife. Num. R. s. 3 'a tt^fOVin 
'31 those who caused strife between him and her. Ib. t]X 
'a ^Sd Wl din they, too, were men of strife. Pesik. R. 
s. 20 anx 'a "ViSiX d3ia*va you have at all times been in 
the opposition. Ib. Mi^lad d^laiS anx (corr. ace.) you 
are of the opposition. Midr. Till, to Ps. CIII 'a *r\*WJ I 
entered a contest. B. Mets. 59 a ; a. fr. 

)«P jQ a word in an incantation. Sabb. 67 a , v. U^fio. 

THE, v. 13^ 

ST '"10 m. (preced.) rebellious. Targ. Prov. XVII, 1 1 
'a SOd5. ed. Will. (ed. Lag. (fWaj h. text TO). 

iTTTQ f. (Tia) rebellion. Norn. R. s. 18, beg.; Tanh 
Kor. 1., a. e. 

fctnTlQ, Hull. 59 a top, v. Xni-rta, a. fcttWlS. 
iTHQ, v. ii^-na. 

t : - t i ■ 

C>"C2 r ]12 m. pi. (MocpEwTYjO ^e people of Mareotis, 
a district of Lower Egypt with the town of Marea. Targ. 
Y. Gen. X, 13 (some ed. 'di^a); Targ. I Chr. I, 11 ed. 
Rahmer (ed. Lag. ifitU&Oa, read F for X; h. text ttVS9), 

S^TID, Pes. 39 a Mus., v. IKitJ. 

j I .12 pr. n. m. (Mapitov) Marion, name of several per- 
sons. Y. Succ. II, 53 a 'a Id phS"! (cmp. ^*ia); Pesik. R.s. 15 
"■na; Yalk. Hos. 518; a. e— M. Kat. ll b "pdVl rT«na 'a.— B. 
Bath. 12 b 'a "id *Qn id33 "O (Ms. M. '"lid; v. Rabb. D. B. a. 
1. note 10) as (improved as) the estate of the house of Bar 
M. — B. Mets. 84 b 'a "id ^3d Ms. M. (ed. ^TO i3d). — Yalk. 
Ruth 601, v. di"ia. 

"|"1"HD m. (rno) rebel— PI. dipi^a. Pesik. Ekhah, p. 
122^, v! X^dpdX (v., however, "VD-lN III). 


843 Brna 

JT"Z2, v. mo n. 

Sn HQ m.(preced.) a haughty man. Targ.Prov.XXI, 
24 (iJtex't Wi). 

S"^"V2, n n *~I2 pr. n. m. Marya (cmp. *«); Y. Pes. 
V, 32 cT bot,; Y. Peah I, 15 c top X"na; Y. Ter. XI. beg., 47 c 
rm»; Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 c top SP^TO (corr. ace); Y. Bice. 
II, 64 l1 tClO; Y. Erub. YII, beg. 24 b K ^3 (corr. ace). 

U "H/Q (b. b.) pr. n. f. Miriam, 1) sister of Moses. Sot. 

I, 9 (9 b j. Ex.R. s. 1; a. v. fr. — 2) name of several persons. 
Lam. R. to I, 16, v. 0in*2.— lb. ; Pesik. R. s. 29-30-30 (ed. 
Pr. p. 140') M., daugbter of Nakdimon. — Lam. R. 1. c. M., 
daugbter of Nahtom ; Yalk. Deut. 938 (of Tanhum). — 
M. the hair-dresser; M. tbe children's nurse, v. ?*iai,II. — 
M. a member of the priestly family of Bilgah. Tosef. 
Succ. IV, 28; Succ. 56 b ; Y. ib. V, end, 55 d ; a. others.— 
3) Imma Miriam. Keth. 87 a ; 88 b . — [Ruth R. to II, 5, 
v. oila.] 

EDD'HO, Cant. R. to I, 6, read: rYOma, v. rtte^b. 

I/U j/-?pr. n. m. M'remar, name of several Amoraim. 
Hull. 62 b . B. Bath. 3 b . Ab. Zar. 33 b 'aa n*0^a V2 (Pes. 
30 b 'vnctKQ). Ib. 'a wm\ ; a. fr. 

DlJ .'/U pr.n. m.(M«pTvo;)3f«rmMS, name of several 
persons. To^ef. Toh. VII, 7.— B. Bath. 56 a . — Lam. R. to 

II, 22. Y. Gitt. IV, 46 a . 

3?"HZ3 m. (v. Vya) weak, ailing. Targ. Mai. I, 8 'al (ed. 
Lag. STffl) that which is sick; ib.13.— PL XTlQt K52TJO, 
WML Targ. Y. Ex. XVin, 20. Targ. Ez. XXXIV, 4 (ed. 
Lag. JWJD).— E. Hash. 16 a 'a&O *TOp* . . p^kftt we pray 
now for the sick and the ailing ; Ned. 49 b IZJaa *fap VTttp 
*,33."i 'a by k'tsire we mean the really sick, by m'ri'e we 
mean the scholars (in delicate health). 

rV!3'"H/2 f. (denom. of Ti) friendship, sociability, so- 
cial gathering. M. Kat. 22 b . — [Tosef. Shebi. II, 4, v. 

wy yti n.] 

f 1 12 ""72 I f. fV5F}) a tool for crushing bones, stones &c. 

Shek. VIII,"2 '31 f i imitin 'am fa pn Ms. M. (ed. 

' pBffmH , v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note; Ms. M. 'Snnani; Y.ed. 
omits our w.) except the basket (for gathering disinterred 
bones for burial), tbe shovel, and the crusher, and things 
specially designated for burial purposes. Y. ib. 51 a bot. 
pKM nx rtSfnoW 'a Y'B (v. Babb.D. S. to Bab. ed., p. 68 a ; 
Bab.ed. add r tTB pn tvtib) he who calls the tool m'ritsah 
(instead of "pIBS) does so, because it makes the stones 
run (fr. "pi), i. e. makes them portable. 

rETHQ II, v. rwna i. 

t • : ' t i 

p'HD, v. pryq. 

sp T ^ T ,np;-]^ v .np T ^. 

Hp'HQ f. (P^a) scouring, washing. Sifra Tsav, 
Par. 3, ch. VII Disn npi*5a3 'a the m'rikah (Lev. VI, 21) 
means like washing a cup, contrad. to iiS^OTU (rinsing); 

Zeb. XI, 7. Tosef. ib. X, 14 'fHfftm their being washed; 
a. fr. 

Tin i, siTSm, arma am'na f. (*«» 

• T J T • T t • : T : • t v - :' 

differ ; embittered, grieving. Targ. I Sam. XXII, 2. Targ. 

0. Gen. XXVII, 34 "a ed. Berl. (ed. 'a); Y. KIT^la. Targ. 
II Esth. IV, 1 ; a. fr.— [Targ. Prov. XVII, 11 T, a »"Ga (ed. 
Wil. tfrna; h. text "na).]— Ber. 56 a N&n "O -JpbS 'a thy 
business will be bitter (thy goods disliked) like lettuce 
(v. SKOn I). Sabb. 127 b bot. B. Mets. 113 b ; a. fr.— B. Bath. 
20 a bot. KIlT-iaa bitter (salt) is meant.— PI. yn^a, Vfl^tQ, 
'a ; f. T^-ia. Targ. Ex. XV, 23. Targ. Num. V, 18, sq. Targ. 
I Kings II, 8 (ed. Lag. STHla, corr. ace.).— [Targ. Y. Num. 

V, 24 Nrrn'na, read: Vpn ].— Lam. R. to HI, 40, v. 


""I .12 II, m.,(tf~"~]Q f. (preced.) bitterness, bitter dis- 
position, grief. Targ. I Sam. XV, 32 xnia tna (Regia*Yha) 
the bitterness of death. Targ. Ez. HI, 14. Targ. Is.XXXVIH, 
17; a. fr.— V. MnTVia. 

' t : • : 

( i I ,a2 f. (b. h.; preced. wds.) [b. h. bile,] bitterness, 
trnsf/l) sin. Ex. R. s. 43 (ref. to bflTO, Ex. XXXII, 11) 
'31 yfft^XO i'sJj sweeten thou the bitterness of Israel (pardon 
their sins) and heal them. — PI. niT'ia. Ib. rVprTUB ta 
ublT 'an one to sweeten our bitternesses (to pray for us). 
Lev. R. s. 12 (ref. to Deut. XXXH, 32) '31 'a lfcOafitfJ "ftWl 
it is they (the grapes) that brought sins &c. — 2) (v. next 
w. ; cmp. M32J3 II) curse. Midr. Till, to Ps. XC, 9 (expl. 
Fttri ib. ; cmp. ri3!i a. SON) 'a IT that means 'curse'. 

VfHI2, SrplTHQ ch. same, l)bitterness. Targ. Prov. 
XIV, 10. 'Targes. LXXV, 9 ed. Lag. (oth. ed. WtfTTSB). 
Targ. Esth. IV, 1.— 2) curse. Targ. 0. Num. V, 24; 27 (Ms. 

1, III Tto; ed. Berl. a. Y. Bib ; h. text tPNft); v. preced. 

t : s - t i 

rflTHD, Tanh. M'tsora 1 It 'an, v. nwia I. 

arma, v. **«l 

t • : * l 

^ y}Q m. (b. h.; v. preced. arts.) [poisonous,] 'a 3::p 
or 'a (Keteb) M'riri, name of a demon. Num. R. s. 12; 
Lam. R. to I, 3; Tanh. Naso 23; Midr. Till, to Ps. XCI, 6; 
Yalk. Ps. 842. Pes.lll b . Ber. 5 a (quo t. fr. Deut. XXXII, 24). 

JtfrH"HZ2 f. (via) l) bitter, v. via I.— 2) also V^rtyo, 
Vfhno^h, rTTO, gall, bile. Targ. Y. Ex. XXIII, 25 'a nna 
affection of the gall, v.rtTOl; a. e.— Keth. 50 a rWrt Tia 
'31 the gall of a white da^a/i (v. ffwj). Pes. 39 a , v. ^S>13. 
[Ib. w tfm»a ii^aa; KVVtaS, v. Nrvn-ia.] 

^^D m. (contr. of IDI&ta, v. P^X; cmp. Targ. of ">UJ-lla, 
Job XVII, 11 : tv\b) joist,beam (cmp. ITJWto). Gitt. V, 5 'an 
'Dl blWn an illegally taken joist which was placed in a 
group of buildings. B. Kam. 66 b (ref. to Gitt. 1. c.) 'a "hm 
'31 S011IJ3 here is the case of tbe maresh (where the stolen 
object changed its name), before it was placed it was nam- 
ed HlTiTS, and now it is «bVa (ceiling); a. fr.— PL nia"na. 




lb. 67 a , v. at* Y. B. Bath. I, beg. 12 d W$*J$ TO mBVi 
it means (a protection) by means of its timber (roofing). 

J$ttJ"HZ2 oh. same; (collect.) timber. Targ. Hab. II, 1 1. 
Targ. 1 Kings VI, 36; a. e. 

ri"HD, (ri'lQ) m. (denom. of rma), 'a ion first flow 
of trodden grapes, siveet wine. Targ. is. XLIX, 26 (h. text 
OtJS) ; a. e. 

:pfo, v. tytm. 

^112 (denom. of ^i»; "q?i) to be soft; to soften. 
Nithpa. TpErO to be softened; liquefied (of tlie brain 
or the spinal column). Hull. 45 1 ', v. nDlan. 

:M/J ch. same. 

Itphe. ^*TOhtji (crap, THW) to be faint, become unsteady. 
Targ. 0. Deut. XIX, 5 ed. Berl., v. SIO. 

33 y2 m. (b. h. ; ddi) riding seat, saddle, handle of 
the saddle, esp. 'a (nstald) that degree of uncleanness which 
arises from an unclean marts riding (Lev. XV, 9); un- 
clean saddle. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. II, 7; Erub. 27 a tpian 
'a Kai3 OIBnm nittia Kali the saddle itself (on which an 
unclean man sat) is unclean as a seat, and its handle is 
unclean as a riding implement. Kel. I, 3. Zab. V, 8; a. fr. 

&G2HQ, "TO ch. same. Targ. Lev. XV, 9; a. e. 

rQS^Q f. (b. h.; preced.) chariot. Esth. E. to I, 2 
(ref. to IlChr. IX, 17) [read:] To bw fetaSlsa *«W9 ffTTO 
'31 it was made like the chariot of him who spoke and 
the world existed. Num. B. s. 12 Pitnsip/i . . mast Igrath . . 
and her chariot; a. e. — Esp. the divine chariot of the 
vision of Ezekiel (Ez. I) ; 'a rtttJSa, or 'a the mystic specu- 
lations on the divine chariot, esoterics. Gen.E.s. 82 niaxn 
'ail " ( n Irt the patriarchs are the divine chariot. Hag. 
II, 1. lb. 13 a 'an !-lU)S>a3 -paa&t I shall instruct thee in the 
secret of the vision of Ezekiel. lb. 'an fflttSa *p*T\ 1$ up to 
which verse (inEz.I) do the speculations on 'the Chariot' 
go (the communication of which is subject to certain re- 
strictions)?— Tosef. Meg. IV (III), 28. Cant. E. to I, 4 (ref. 
to vmn ib.) 'a -nun onb n^a^...*p5a how should Ezekiel 
be able to reveal to them the inwardness of the Chariot? 
Ib. 10 '31 'a iTina KOU5 hast thou perhaps been studying 
the secrets of the Chariot?; Lev. E. s. 16 'a ^TlDa (corr. 
ace);— PI. nidSla. Pesik. Bahod., p. 107 b ; Pesik. 
E. s. 21 ; a. fr. 

C* J 23 j!2 m . (preced.wds.) chariot-driver. Targ.I Kings 
XXl£ 3Y. : 

^■^"TO ch.=h. nasna; top* rasys thedivine Chari- 
ot. Targ. I Kings VII, 33*; a. e. 

m3"lD, v. efeno. 

blSHQ, v. 5gia. 

&]"DHD, (ifDIQjm. (cmp.CffeDhR) markof, name of a 
musical instrument made stationary. Kel. XV, 6 una 'an 
the m. (used in the Temple) is not susceptible of un- 

cleanness. Ib. XVI, 7 lat btt3 'a the m. used for the ac- 
companiment of songs; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. V, 10. 

&CTO"fiJ, v. MflWria. 

T : • T t t • : ' 

23TQ,3i3TQ m. =Vi9"yoK. Y. Sabb. X, 12 c . Y. Shek. 
V, 49»/ a. e.— Pi. l*»>iSf». Shek. V, 3 Y. ed.; a. e. 

tRCTiO, v. Da-ia. 

t t : " T : 

TV2112 f.(b.h.; man) fraud, guile. Num. E. s.20. Koh. 
E. to I, 16 'a niUIS nVn the heart plans fraud; a. fr. 

nnQHQ m.(v.L6wPfl.,p. 252) Origanum Mar jor ana, 
marjoram, an aromatic plant. Gitt. 69 b top 'al fcOTU Ar. 
ed. Koh. (other ed. Ar. "Jin . . .; Talm. ed. "pn . . .) a piece 
of the stem of marjoram. 

s T ^ana,v.n-^a^a. 

* -SHO !U f. (yon, v. XlSai) a wound from stepping on 
a pointed stone. Koh. E. to VI, 11 'a Kin IX (not in), v. 

XW21T2, v.nextw. 

I\ 7 \2rl2\12, a corruption, prob. to be read: naaia f. 
(Dai) trance, catalepsy. Gen. E. s. 17 (and thence copied 
in s. 44; Yalk. Gen. 23 Kaala; Yalk. Sam. 139 WWOfft). 

Tana, v . n* 

CS "D "D, '12112 m. (niarmor, u,cxp|xapoi;) marble, 
in gen. polished stone. Targ. Y. Deut. IX, 9, sq.; a. e. — 
PI. "p.^-ia, (WW lb. V, 19. Targ. Esth. I, 6. Targ. 
I Chr. XXIX, 2. Targ. Lam. Ill, 9.— V. JOaia. 

o / T T . _ 

UCTJD m., SQDHQ f. (dill) uplifted, high. Targ. 0. 
Ex. VI, 6 (ed. Viem Naia; Y. WffiTo). Targ. Y. I Ex. XIV, 
8 ; a. fr. 

012112 m. (b. h.; bal) that which is trodden upon. 
Tanh. ed. Bub., B'resh. 23 ; Yalk. Dan. 1066 'a tin Via tP 
n'"l!!t^ how long will they be trodden upon by the nations? 
Gen. E. s. 21 '31 -jtfba ">iB^ 'a trodden upon by the angel 
of death. 

S^lQnPjf. Opal) casing, ouch. — PL "pto^o, arcana. 
Targ. Ex. XXVIII, 13, sq. (h. text nisnttJa) ; T a. e.-V.",'a-i I, 

npip,np"]D, v.iia.iia. 

112112, Y. B.Bath. X, 17 c some ed., read: laia, v. la I. 

XHQ'IP m. (v. KiTsna) white, marble. Succ. 51 1 ' KWTO 
'ai 6<bni3 yellow, black and white marble; B. Bath. 4 a ; 
Yalk. Deut.913. — PI. "piala (marmora) marble or cement- 
ed pavement. Targ. Esth. ij 6.— Y. Ter. VIII, 45 d bot. "W 
'a ibtx sti'D ina sat in a house the pavement (of which) 
was worn out. 

O JH (b. h.) pr. n. m. Meres, one of the attendants of 
King Ahasver. Esth. E. to I, 14, v. next w. 


845 n$3ns 

DTDj Pi. Cm; (denom. of CHO fr. DC"i) to crusA ; to 

K&; to stir. Esth. R. to I, 14 (play on tna ib.) VJOO mn» 
:*rn rK he prepared the hash of birds; ib. (play on 
■^jrta, ib.) r-r'zzr, rx cnon rvrw he stirred the flour 
(making dough). Ib. tftl rx TVDb IKJ "nj (not l"2*rn, v. 
infra) who will stir before thee the blood (of the sacri- 
fices)?; mr:::ri .../aa -a who will stir the flour (for the 
meal offerings)? Ib. (play on "piaa x:b"ia 6"ia, ib.) "'rx r-~a 
" ~" - -1 r~::a I will crush, chop and dissolve their lives 
fee.; Meg. 12 ,J --:e; "3 *6y<0 tr,b= did they ever stir the 
blood (of sacrifices) before thee? niniaa -j"CBb lD"iia 01^3 
did they ever stir the flour for the meal offerings &c.?; 
Talk. Esth. 1051 *m Yoma IV, 3; V, 3; a. fr. — Shebi. 
II, 10 '3? T-"xr T~-a- you may, in the Sabbatical year, 
stir (mix) the ground of a rice field with water (so as to 
make it dough-like). 

C~2 ch. same. Targ. Esth. 1, 14.— Gitt. 69 a '31 rT Vyj , 
and let him rub it (the garlic) with oil. — Part. pass. Cna. 
Targ. 0. Lev. XXI, 20 (h. text mia, v. rna). Ib. XXII, 24 

(h. text T r -)- 

sS-Q iQ (b. h.) pr. n. m. Mars'na, one of the attend- 
ants of King Ahasver. Esth. R. to I, 14; a. e., v. C~ i. 

• ]Dj ^2 m. (?:ri) shaking, weakening. Y. B. Mets. 
I, end, 8 a '31 "JTB 'a "OBO because this would injure the 
privilege of the purchaser. 

3* _ r I (denom. of next w.) 1) to become or be iveak, 
fall sick. Targ. Is. XIV, 10. Ib. XXIII, 4 (h. text ">rbn). 
Targ. Ps. XLI, 9 (h. text 3383, v. next w.); a. e— 2) to be 
shaken, quake. Targ. Hie. IV, 10. 

Af. 2HOK, to make sick, afflict. Targ. O. Deut. XXIX, 
21. Targ. Y. II Gen. Ill, 15. 

Pa. ?-a same. Targ. Jer. XIV, 17 ; Targ. Nah. Ill, 19 
( not'-?-!) grievous (h. text rbr,*.).— Part. pass, r-aa suffer- 
ing, unwell. Targ. Jer. XIV, 18. Targ. I Sam. XIX, 14 ed. 
Lag. (oth. ed. jna 3"0«, v. next w.). Targ. I Kings XIV, 5 
ed. Lag. (oth. ed. S"ia); a. e. 

Ithpa. r:arx, Ithpe. ™arx 1) to fall sick. Targ.I Kings 
XIV, 1 (ed. Lag. TVS). Ib.XXII, 34 ed. Lag.(oth.ed.5T2). 
Targ. II Sam. XIII. 2; a. e. — Koh. R. to X, 16 (ref. to 
rcrr, I Kings ill, 19) *6» rr-ar-x (not nan...) she fell 
sick (fainted and fell) upon him (cmp. Targ. to Ps. XLI, 9); 
a. e. — 2) to feign sickness. Targ. II Sam. XIII, 5, sq. — 
3) to be shaken, quake. Targ. Jer. LI, 29. 

* _'H II, * fc m. (denom. of??"!) sick, suffering. Targ. 
Y. Gen.' XVIII, T l ''31 X2."3a '" (not '-2a) suffering from 
the wound &c. ; Targ. Y. I Deut. XXXIV, « '31 n-]5a 'a. 
Targ. O.Gen.XLVni.l T# ed.Berl.(oth.ed.a. Y.'a 2"3tB); 
a. fr.— Esp. (in Talm. also in Hebr. diet.) "2 n^r-ia danger- 
ously ill, expected to die. Targ. I Sam . XIX, 1 4 (v. preced.). - 
B. Bath. IX, 6 '21 anr'13 'a "Z'Z'S if a sick man assigns 
all of bis property to a stranger (as an unqualified do- 
nation, v. ~vrt). Ib. 'a 'X m 3TO Kb if it was not stated 
in the document that he was sick; 'a It) TOlK Kin 

n*n he (the donor) says that he was sick (at the tiniej, 
opp. SC-Q. Ib. 1 52* a. fr. 'a TS rana the donation of 
a sick man; a. v. fr.— PI. "pr-a, tfjyijj, Targ. Y. I Deut. 

I. c. Targ. Ps. CXXVI, 1 '=1 "a fti like the sick when 
recovering (h.text C'aVra, v.cbni). Targ. Ez. XXXIV, 4; 
a. e.; v. 5>"na.— Fern, xr-r, Wl^na, WJtS^. Targ. Ps. 
LXIX, 21 «m Brtl Km ed. Lag. (Var. KSia, cler. error; 
ed. Wil. XB">pn KV! Kni; h. text nri:x"). Targ. Cant. 

II, 5. Ib. V, 8. Targ. Koh. V, 12; 15*; a* e.— PI. jttfta 
Targ. Y. Gen. XXX, 36 (some ed. ixria). 

* jR HI> &*< '2 c. (preced.) evil, sickness, affliction. 
Targ. I Kings VIII, 37. Targ. Koh. VI, 2 ; a. fr.— B. Bath. 
153 a (in a formula of a deed of donation) 'si ftyq ljal 
and in consequence of (this) his sickness he departed &c. — 
PL f&ro. Targ. O. Ex. XXIII, 25. Targ. Pi. CXVI, 3 ynj 
Ms. (ed. """a); a. fr. 

KTTD, v . VTQ I. 

i (SHU m. (b- h.; nrn I) ^a«f M rp. Pesik.R.s. 16; Yalk. 
Kings 176 (expl. "9\ I Kings V, 3) 'an |Q directly from 
the pasture ground. Num. R. s. 10 'an bs the whole 
flock ; a. e. 

12HQ, NSTiSTlE f. = sna ni. Targ. p s . lxxvii, i 1 

inwia'(ed. Wil. "TO; Ms. T" 1 """? )• Ih. XXXV, 13; v. 

xms'ia I. 

™E I, SITTGi'TQ Targ. Y. I Gen. 
XIII, 7. Targ. n Esth. IV, 1.— PI. X^ria, "pa. Tern. 18 a 
rr! ""'~"r- "^ x even if you have to take them away from 
their pastures, v. XJ""pa. — [Targ. Y. Deut. XXXUJ, 24, 
v. Vh II.] 

V JU II m. (v.Tr-II) dun^. Targ. Y. II Lev. XVI, 27 


ab^nn, v. kw 

T •• : - t ■• : - 

i *'<]C If.(b.h.;nr"I)po.sfure-^roMtwf,pa^ttre. Pesik. 
R. s. 26, end '31 'a n^lttJS KVrl and she (Zion) has become 
a pasture-ground for the beasts of the field. B. Mets. 86 b 
(fusion of Hebr. a. Chald.) 'SI VrV'Uja lin ',"W3a (v. 
Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 60) they bring from his pasture an 
ox that has not been forced (used for labor) &c; Yalk. 
Kings 176 (not yfWUO); a. e. — Trasf. feeding one's eye, 
satisfaction. Cant. R. to IV, 5 (ref. to Bi?nn, ib.) pirn 
'Si "jrpy-ja tir^ii where did the Israelites have their satis- 
faction on Egypt? 

rP^"]D IT, Sn"^l2 If. = xnria, evil &c. Targ. 
Ps. CXXIV, 4 (h. text nbra); a. e.,v. kf*n. 

Sri'*?T3 II f. ch.=h. nr-.a. Targ. I Chr. IV, 39, sq. 

fctWI/J, v. na n. 

t • t : ~ i 

Sv"™]/2, *<1^3 m ' (''?")) I * 1 !? pouch throum over 
an animaVs back, haversack. Lev.R. s. 25 ; Koh.R. to 11,20. 

rrcteTQ, ^n^"ia pr . n . P i., v. noma n. 





N£HD m. (b. h.; »B^) healing, recovery. Keth. 103 a 
'a Biffin ",112)V (v. Prov. XII, 18) the tongue of the wise 
teaches medicine (indirectly, ref. to Pes. 11,7). — Esp. 'your 
health 1 , a wish uttered to one sneezing. Tosef. Sabb. VII 
(VIII), 5 '31 SIT "nn 'a laixn (not la&<n) to say marpe is 
a superstitious practice (v. I'liaN). lb. 'SI i3Ba 'a T0K xb 
did not say m. (at college), because it is an interruption 
of study j Ber. 53\ 

JSSjD m. (preced.) surgeon, operator. Mekh. Mishp., 
]N'zik., s. 4 nianilJ 'a a surgeon who caused the death 
of his patient (through negligence), v. d"iS II. 

nrf 1 £023 f. pi. name of certain fruits (prob. so named 
from their loosening effect on the bowels, v. «">B^)> perh. a 
certain kind of apples. Y. Maasr. I, 48 d bot. 

O n DTG, V. D1B573. 

P^SHD, Np n £H2, v. pB"ia, xp T B-ta. 

DSHD m. (b. h. ITJB^ia; OEn) that which is trodden. 
PirkeVli. El. ch. XLVII Dbai t)Ena BR "O'. . . nniri j6l!3 
that no Israelite shall drink the wine of idolaters, but 
only wine trodden with their own feet (allud. to Ez. 
XXXIV, 19). 

riDS^lD f. (preced.) a gallery or balcony to which 
doors of the upper compartments open, and from which 
steps lead down to the court. Erub. VIII, 3 'a 111338 tenants 
that have a common gallery; ib. 83 b , sq. *bft 'a ifca Y'&p 
'31 S-pi3S at first it was thought marpeseth (in Mishn. 1. c.) 
meant the dwellers of the upper story, and they are so 
called, because they go up to their rooms by the way of 
the gallery; 'aB, DiYin "jniK those who have rooms on 
the gallery itself. Tosef. ib. IX (VI); 19; a. fr. 

pD"lD m. (pth] cmp. Arab, marfik) elbow. Sabb. X, 3 
■ (92 a ). Arakh. V, 1 ipi&ia 15> up to his elbow (Tosef. ib. 
Ill, 2 fensWl). Ohol. I, 8 'an fiisia two joints are in the 
elbow. Gen. R. s. 44 '21 "ipS-aa mix "pniX held him by 
his elbow that he might not fall; ib. s. 65; Yalk. Gen. 
115; Yalk. Is. 313. 

SpSRIG ch. same; pi. constr. ipB")a same. Targ. Ez. 
XIII, T 18 ;"(Tosaf. to Men. 37 a quotes "ipgha, R. S. to Ohol. 

I, 8 ipBla); v. p3/TO. 

jM/G (b. h. ; sec. r. of YTi) to quicken. 

Nif. yna? to be made rapid, to flow rapidly in a gutter. 
Tosef. Par. IX (VIII), 8 'p^^3ni * p3PUiB Oian ed. Zuck. 
(Var. "pliasni, v. "W; R. S.'to Par. IX, 5 'jipiuni) water 
running slowly in a channel or rapidly in a gutter. Num. 
R. s. 9 (play on jnaj, Mic. II, 10) '31 IWnS C]K13 ; Sabb. 
105 a (play on ni*ia3, I Kings II, 8), v. 'p'P'TOS. 

^/CfilZHD f. (ds-i) contusion. Koh. R. to VI, 11 (a gloss 
to tXVQftQ) 'a fii-miK mil some read martsumi. 

FfiSPjH m., only in pi. BiEISIa, "jiBls-ia (tfljn) packing 
bags, leather bags, esp. adapted for ship-loads. Kel. 

XX, 1 (ed. Dehr. •pBSYa). B. Bath. V, 1. Y. Sabb.X, end, 
12 d , v. P1T\; a. fr. — [Cmp. p-apjiKo;, marsupium, prob. of 
Semitic origin.] 

rp;rjn, v. *«?*. 

• jHG m. (b. h.; Stt^) awl, borer. Kidd. 21 b tfianb 'an 
bnan 'art 'the awl' (Deut. XV, 17), this includes the largest 
awl (borer); Sifre Deut. 122; a. fr.— PI. VWJS- Kidd. I.e. 

X2JS1Q ch. 1) same. Targ. 0. Ex. XXI, C; a. e.— Y. 
Maas/sii.V, 56 1 ' sq. '31 KBipSH nwl? the awl (penetrating 
acumen) of Akiba .... has been here. — 2) (cmp. nylX") 
strap. — PI. n^ssna, contr. n^-ia. Y. Sot. I, 16 d bot. 
[read :] '3i ■panai rrt "ppbai 'ai hn^BBB ■prvna piih s6 

should we not have brought in benches and straps and 
smitten him and reconciled him to his wife? 

1/C, v. Cps-ja. 

plQ (b. h.; sec. r. of pi; cmp. ansa, Targ. II Chr. 
IV, 16) to brighten, cleanse (metal); to scour, scald. Sifra 
Tsav, Par. 3, ch. VI; Zeb. XI, 6 '31 IBB!©! ip^ia he must 
scour and rinse it &c; Tosef.ib.X,13')p"iia(not'ipi1la);a. fr. 

Nif. P^as to be cleansed, purged. Ab. d'R. N. ch. I, 
beg. '31 bsa p^S'^S biB123B that he might be cleansed of 
all the food and drink in his bowels. — [Tosef. B. Bath. 
XI, 9 p"ias, read: pna?]. 

Pi. p'vra l) to polish up. Koh. R. beg. n^Ta/i nnmo 
he chiselled the stone and polished it, v. D3"]B. Sabb. 33 a 
(ref. to pnan, Prov. XX, 30) '31 lass p?aan he who 
polishes himself (makes toilet, prepares himself) for a 
sinfulact; (Rashi: who makes himself free from all other 
thoughts, devoting himself entirely to sin, v. infra). — 
2) (cmp. U31I3BB nsa) to finish. Tosef. Hull. I, 2 '31 iian 'ai 
and a gentile finished the slaughtering (by cutting farther 
than the ritual requires); (Hull. 121 b las.); Yoma III, 4 
"ial ; Hull. 29 a 'ial. Tarn. IV, 2 -JlX5Snn PN 'a he finishes 
the flaying. Mikv. X, 1 "jp^a «bl .. "jDffin he inserted the 
handles properly but did not finish them off (by fasten- 
ing &c). Ohol. XIII, 3 PJJ3YTB xbl tlS^T he fitted the door 
in, but did not finish it off (so that it fitted accurately). 
Y. R. Hash. I, end, 57 c , a. e. p'na bTinnil3 -jYca inas- 
much as he commenced the act, we say to him, finish 
it; a. fr. — 3) to cleanse from sin by suffering, to 7-etnove 
sin, effect forgiveness. Ber. 5 a '31 ^3 ■ppnaailJ "pniDi suffer- 
ings which cleanse the entire body of man; ib. "ppiaa 
'31 1ini313> V3 wash aVvay all sins of man ; Yalk. Ex. 339 ; 
Yalk. Deut. 850. Yoma 86 a np"iaa nn^a death finishes 
the atonement (v. supra); Y. Snh/x, 27 c bot. nplaa nr-a 
fcpbttJ death removes the last third of sins; a. fr. — Y. 
Keth. VI, beg. 30 c (in mixed diet.) n:*1E Tib p-aa «Vi and 
does not pay off the entire dowry. — Sabb. 33 a , v. supra. 

Hof. p^ain to be washed off", cleansed. Snh. 92 ri 1-PO 'ni 
Ar. s. v. 103, ed. Koh., v. ppa Hof. 

p"*lD, p*'™)G ch. same, to polish; to cleanse. Targ. Is. 
XXI, 5 '(ed. Wil. : "*iq Pa.). Targ. Y. II Lev. XXVI, 43.— 
[Y. Bets. I, 60 d -jlai-iSIp p'na Kin pnil3, read: na p^ni23 
'3ip, v. R. N. to Alf. Bets. I, 7; v. 'pBinjip.] 

Pa. pi^ia same, to cleanse, clear, finish. B. Mets. 15* 




(in a deed of sale) '=1 p"*?»tt "WWI ^WBM (v. Kabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 6) and 1 will satisfy (all claimants) and clear and 
clean the property &c. Yalk. Is. 352 nb Xp"iaa to pay it, 
v. p?flS. — Y. Keth. VI, beg. 30 c , v. preced. — [Targ. Prov. 
Ill, 11 pman, read: p^tl; ib. XIX, 28 p*icn Ms., read: 
p^Tjaj v. pfa.] 

Ithpa. p'~^T^, Ithpe. p^wrx 1) to be scoured. Targ. 0. 
Lev. VI, 21. — 2) (denom. of pnan) to be used for toilet; 
(of persons) to be perfumed. Targ. Y. Ex. XXX, 32. — 
[p-nanit, Targ. II Kings IV, 35, r. ppa.] 

fcsj> [U m. (preced. ; cmp. Xpiia) yelloicish, pale. Yeb. 
80* "3 6<-i=:"iTU pale (diluted) beer; (Rasbi, another opin. : 
strong beer). — "a KIWI diluted wine. Gitt. 69 b , opp. X^n. 
Erub. 29 b .— [B. Mets. 47 b Ar., v. R^hol.] 

< ip~i^ f.(preced. wds.) a sort of earth used for polishing 
(cmp. XTTrjnsinTarg.Y. Lev.VI,21). Mikv.IX,2 (Barten. 
xp"'T3); Tosef. ib. VI (VII), 13 np-na bl3 water mixed with 
marekah.— [Y. Bets. I, 60 d top npla aura, read: npna, 

v. rrjA] 

O^^lpHQ pr. n. Mercurius, name of the Roman di- 
vinity, identified with the Grecian Hermes ; esp. a statue 
or tcay-mark dedicated to Hermes (v. Liibker Reallex. s. 
vv. Hermes and Hermae). Snh. VII, 6 Ktl IT 'ab pX pTfim 
IrYTCS casting a stone on a merculis (hermaeon), that is 
the way of worshipping it. Ib. 64 a X^n 'a b"X they said 
to him, it was a merculis (at which you cast a stone). Ib. 
":r 103 "3X pTn?l the Mishnah reads, he who casts a stone 
on am. Ab. Zar. IV, 1 '31 'a I2tn . . . a^33X ttjblB if three 
stones near one another are found by the side of a m., 
they are forbidden for use. Ib. 50 a 'an ",a VWXO D-cax 
stones which have fallen off a ro.— Tosef. ib. VI (VII), 13 
110X TfeWB ria ?31 'a a tw. with all that is on it is for- 
bidden. Ib. 15, sq. (also Dblpna). Ab. Zar. 1. c. 'a "ip^S the 
original statue of, or heap of stones for, Mercurius, opp. to 
"pop 'a a heap of three stones by its side; a. ft. — Abbr. 
D^p. — 'p mn a wag-mark dedicated to M. (consisting 
of two stones with a third across the top). Ib. ; B. Mets. 
25 b (Ms.H. trbipna). 

"1p")Q I f., pi 'jSip'Ta (3>p"i; cmp. pT5*) thin cakes, 
wafers. Y. Taan. IV, 69 :i [read:] . . pi£a mVt "psaffl T® 
'31 ba X^'J^pV: 'a*1 ■■"-; . . the town of Tur Simon used 
to distribute three hundred griva (of flour in) wafers 
among the poor on every Sabbath eve (v. a^pbl); Lam. 
R. to 11,2 x^rp ■pVwb nams baa 'ai "Wtii . . . Ar. Compl. 
ed. Koh. (defective in eds.). 

2Tip"T0 II, 5pH0 c. (sp-i Pa.) piece o/"e/o<A, pate/i. 
Y. Snh. IV, 22 |J top TjSip'B abprPX thy patch is peeling 
off, i. e. thy ignorance is laid bare. B. Bath. 20* 'ab "^n 
MBia'n Ms. fl. a. Ar. (ed. Wnpb) can be used for a 
patch on a garment. — PI. ■psSp'TO, 'pSp're, *|Sp"]a. Lam. R. 

to I, i inni (ma ^n* ) -psip-ia yanxi tt*yns (some ed. fpya), 

v. Krfia; Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 55 b hot. ppla ed. Amst. (ed. 
fKrot. "iS-ipa), v. XiiatPx II. 

ETlplQ, Tosef. Sabb. XIV (XV), 2, v. tiSflO. 

npniQ m. (b. h.; npn) aromatic herb.— PL a^fipna. 
PirkeVR'; Yalk. Gen. 84 'an m drug-store. 

nnp~lD f. (b.h. ; preced.) druggist's preparation, drug; 
poison. Gen. R. s. 10 ('Rashi': rrinpna, pi. of n ff tytO), 

v. DO. 

^* T • P™^ f - (P r eced.) a spiced dish. Lam. R. introd. 
(R. Abbahu 2) (ref. to Ez. XXIV, 10) Xina OOin |JBflCI n*\n 
'a their bodies were bubbling (hot with grief) like a spiced 
broth ; Yalk. Ez. 363. 

iTplQ, Y. Bets. I, 60 d top, read : npra, v. np-n. 
2p"lE, v. sip^a IL 

"HD (b. h.) 1) to drip; 2) (cmp. tih*) fo 6e bitter.— V. 
fro, ia, ii-ia &c. 

Pi. Tna <o wafce fritter; fo a/7?ic£. Pes. X, 5 bs ilia 
'31 acinar! rtvaio Q11T we eat bitter herbs in memory of 
the Egyptians embittering the lives of our fathers in 
Egypt. Cant. R. to I, 13 (play on lb, ib.) Vraa ani3X 
'31 laS2 Abraham afflicted himself and plagued himself 
with sufferings; ib. to III, 6; a. e. 

Hif. Ian same. Gen. R. s. 98 (play on tfTTRMJ Gen. 
XLIX, 23) TnsSi 'ni2 who made his brothers suffer; mania 
PHX lb whom his brothers made suffer; in3Tixb 'n'U 
who made his mistress suffer ; lDJflX lb niTQiltt} (v. Matt. 
K.) whom his mistress made suffer. Sabb. 88 lj (play on 
nah "fti, Cant. I, 13) '31 ib ia" 1 ?! ns^OW >"3>K although 
my Beloved decrees anguish and suffering for me ; a. e. 

Hithpa. ilann, Nithpa. "HaTO to become sticky and 
bitter from handling myrrh. Cant. R. to I, 13 TT . . . ba 
t W Y X t ps (Matt. K. TTiara, Hithpol.) whoever plucks it 
(myrrh), gets his hands sticky (and bitter). Num. R. 
s. 1 3 (play on ""Via, Cant. V, 1) '31 ttfya WW? they be- 
came bitter (affected with sin) in captivity, and were 
sweetened (atoned for their sins) by martyrdom. 

Hithpalp. la/i^rn, Nithpalp. i-anaro to get excited (in 
battle) ; to be enraged. Pesik. R. s. 29-30-30 (ed. Fr., p. 
1 40 a ) '31 *ia~ap^i il^il l^a at once he became enraged and 
kicked it (the missile) &c. Ib. rssb 'aP3 he was excited 
in rushing out. 

~l JjG, I \!2 ch. same, to be bitter; to grieve, mourn. 
Perf. n^imperfi-ra"" la\ Targ. Is. XXIV, 9. Targ. I Sam. 
XXX, 6; a. fr.— Targ. Zech. XII, 10 -,11^1, v. infra. 

Pa. "P^2 to embitter, aggrieve. Targ. Ruth I, 13 "pTtall 
(ed. Amst. ^an). Targ. Y.I Deut. XXXII, 32 TTjajD (some 
ed. Tn-)aa; Y.Uyrm). 

Af. ^*<yz»!, "BKj 1) same. Targ. Ruth I, 20 (not "iajK). 
Targ. Ex. I, 14; a. e. — 2) to arrange mourning. Targ. 
Zech. XII, 10 '31 VTaafl fctaa . . yr m t * *\ they shall arrange 
mourning for him, as is arranged for &c. (v. infra). — 
pTHBK, v. Ithpa.] 

Palp. Wtft l^P^a to aggrieve. , Targ. Prov. XVII, 25. 
Targ. Y. I Gen. XLIX, 23 TTnaa, read : IrVS ; ( Y. II 
siiax, read: 'BK Af.). 

Ithpa. I^ians 1) to be enraged, fight. Targ. O. Gen. 1. c. 
(Var. max, v.Berl. Targ. O. II, p. 18; oth. ed. max 4/".). 
— 2) to mourn. Targ. Zech. 1. c. Var. (v. Lag. Proph. I, 
p. XLII). 

~HD na. (preced. wds.) \)bitterness ; trouble; 'aa bitter* 





ly. Esth. B. to III, 9 (ref. to Is. XXXIII, 7) 0*013 . . K3S bsi 
'S3 all the hosts on high weep bitterly. — 2) sin. Cant. 
B. to V, 5 (play on 13S Ha, ib.) *Tfl b3> 133> he passed 
over (pardoned) my sin. — PI. O^lia. Ib. Ilia nm 'a 
Ol troubles, — when Cyrus decreed and said &c. lb. 'a 
Ol barb Vsiasttt) sins,— when I said of the calf, these 
are thy gods &c. 

"HQ, "TO, fctTTQ ch. same, 1) trouble. Snh. 19 a 3>.S< 

t : :• •: t t i ' ' 

rV'lia in his trouble (excitement of mourning). — '23 
bitterly. Targ. Esth. VI, 1 ; a. fr. — 2) curse. Targ. O. Num. 
V, 24; 27, v. Wya.— 8) bitter herb. — PI. ptjo. Targ. 0. 
Ex. XII, 8; a. e.; v. toiia. 

Sn^IlD t ch., pi. NP' 1 T)D =h. Ilia, a inter herb, 

t • t : - 1 tt j - : T ' 

prob. succory. Succ. 13 a '21 $<aaN1 'a "VI that succory of 
the marsh. Ib/31 Ifiiiatti- Nano 'a "Wl the name of that plant 
is plain m'raritha, and the reason why they name it 'm. of 
the marsh' is, because it is frequent in marshes. Pes. 39 a 
(expl. Ilia) NalNI 'a Ms. M. (ed. only xmia, read ">1la). 
Ib. NrmaK Hiia mn ed. (corr. ace, as in Tosaf. to Succ. 1. 
c; Ms. M. 2 N1311 lgrp+pq*} took pains to get m'raritha 
(of the field). Hull. 59 a top KHTlal J*1p"0> ed. (read as 
Tosaf. to Succ 1. c. xrrilal; Ar. KrYIUI) the root of &c. 

tlTHQ, v. fiiiia. 

r : * 

Nn"HE, v. aniia. 

" T T " T " 5" I •• T 

SrfiUPD f. pi. (Syr. KTWIO, KnttJla, P. Sm. 401; 
OW1) T mortar's. Y. B. Bath. II, 13 b bot. [read :] Kpnia 
oi fTorvea 'a 'pbist (v. Mus. in Ar. s. v.j ed. i-nmuia, 
read : fini . . .) to remove those mortars from the walls &c. 
[Comment, saw-mill (v. KlB^la ) — which corresponds 
neither to form nor to context] 

*nmn, anzniD, v.«™-o. 

riHQ, v. nya 

ma, Nma, nnnu v.iaiv. 

- t T : t r : t 

"jnn™lD, Ex. B. s. 51 'a 13 bswiC, read : nnia or Knia. 

SplFHQ m. (pm) 1) [knuckles,] fist. Targ. Y. Ex. 
XXI, 18.— 2) a blow with the fist. Y. M. Kat. Ill, 83 b (ed. 
Krot. Xp/rna); Y. Snh. VII, 25 b top. — 3) knocker at the 
door. Ib. d top [read :] fipmiaB in mb *fafr Jrtfcf/1 "jWa 
whoever entered (the bath-house) struck him with the 
knocker, v. Mp^nj ch. — V. pt-pa. 

^O*^ 1 " 1 ^ f - Wp Ay»»v i^ w - Tar g« Y - Lev - n > 7 ; 
VII, 9 (h.'text mama). 

^D n P]"ia, v. NBPna. 

Sj^ n ?}"ia, v. Kp/nia. 

cs DTI IU m. (Pers. murtakh, older form of murdah, v. 
xpn"wa) litharge, dross formed during the* purification 

of silver from the lead with which it is combined. Citt. 
69 b . lb. 86\ 

*]7] jTj m. (B|til) store-room, cellar where vessels are 
stored in rows and layers. Pes. I, 1 b3 "OB bs rYTntiJ VUD 
'art the two rows of piled vessels in front of the cellar. 
Suh. 108 a yain bia 'a a store-room for vinegar. Lev. R. 
s. 24, end ; a. fr. 

NtFHQ, ,m &Nl2 ch. same.— PI. K^firna, n^BCTia, 
^Pl-ia. T Targ. I Chr.XXVII, 27 (h. text, nilXX). 

p?H)Q m. = Kp T inia, blow. Gen. B. s. 51 (expl. 'from 
the Lord', Gen. XIX, 24) 135 ",a 'a3 as (we say), 'a blow 
from a strong man'; Yalk. ib. 85. 

"ttOb v. -a. 


v. "»oa. 

fc«tt272 m (b. h.; KiB3) 1) carrying. Kel. I, 1 'a3 fxa-ja 
make the carrier unclean. Ib. 3 ifcttBab is&a hlttJttithe touch 
of which has the same effect as the carrying of it; — 
2)"jttal 'a carrying and giving, business, dealings; worldly 
affairs; intercourse. Sabb. 120 a 'al 'a3 in worldly affairs, 
opp. min "1313. Kidd. 35 a 'al 'a lOPl tf)"N a man (has 
the protection of the law) because he is engaged in bus- 
iness. Yoma 86 a '31 isinai iK'ttJa his dealings with men; 
a. fr.— Kidd. 30 b -|3 isnai ixiJa ba he (the tempter) will 
always be busy with thee. — 3) burden. Tanh. B'midb. 2, 
v. JtVJSa.— Trnsf. burden of prophecy. Gen. B. s. 44 filW 
'Bl 'a. . .rwtl33 n&OpS nisittjb prophecy goes by ten names: 
'vision' . . . 'burden' &c. ; ib. '31 ISaiBaB 'a '•last ",331 the 
Babbis say, the severest of all is massa, as its name in- 
dicates (burden) &c; Cant. B. to III, 4; a. e.— PI. nittiBO. 
Gitt. 71 a msnai 'a business transactions. 

S1£/Q, v. xo-a. 

IWT2, Pes. lll b 'a 113, v. KtthttiS. 

"ISteD, v. Kite}. 

rDSEjQ m. (T^a) stretching. B. Bath. 73 b "T-I^ISI ' 
'31 (Ms. M. KBttJa 13) the length of its neck when stretched 
was &c. 

nbStZJDf. (b. h. ; b&TCJ) request, prayer.— H.nibsda. 
Num. ^"'nibx^aB "jsni 'be gracious unto thee' (Num. 
VI, 25) by granting thy prayers (beyond deserts); Bifre 
Num.41; Yalk. ibid. 710. 

"1^02 m. constr. (IHti) the rest of, others. Targ. Y. 
II Ex. XXXV. 34 K^aif* 'a the other mechanics. Targ. 
Y. Num. XIX, 3 piS3 'a other (not dedicated) animals. 



fcOKOT, v. vrveha I. 

T T •• t : " 

lTl"}S©/2 f. 1) (b. h.; 1&ra to swell, rise; omp. lixb) 
baking trough or dish. Tanh. Vaera 14 (ref. to Ex.VH, 28) 
'31 n">1Sa 'a •na" 1 ?* when is the trough near th6 oven?— 
2) (ixttj to remain) remainder. — P/. rvilNiaa. Mekh. Bo 
s. 13 (ref. to nniKlUB, Ex. XII, 34 ; v. Targ.) ma -miia lb« 


849 nStha 

■vpai that means the remnants of the unleavened bread 
and the hitter herbs (of the Passover meal); Tanh. Bo 8. 

fcO'£>2 m. (y±) bclloivs. Targ. Jer. VI, 29 Sttfa constr. 

aiaiQ, v. rr-:. 

SnS^C m.cnarjstw^r.— P/.X*H2Ca,pp2UJa. Targ. 
I Cln\ IX, 33! Targ. jer. XV, 17 (h. text b^prTOttj. ' 

XpiUjQ I m. (pnia) divorcer, former husband. Y. 
Keth. XI, 34 b bot. "'pattSal ttiiara the neighborhood of my 
first husband. 

SJ52I2JQ II, X?p2lL ! Q f. (preced.) divorced wife. 
Targ.Y.' Lev. XXI, 7 Ar.(ed.KlaBB). Targ.Y. Num. XXX, 
10 Ar. (ed. X3^na).— Gen. R. s. 17 fcON n^PpSUa lam his 
divorced wife; Lev. R. s. 34. lb. "Ppa/ra T2S> with the 
woman thou hast divorced; Yalk. Lev. 665 "npaii^ab ; 
a. e. 

"Iw'C m. (b.h. ; "i2^) [orifice of the matrix,] (in Talm.) 
travailing chair. Kel. XXIII, 4. Gen. R. s. 72; Y. Ber. 
IX, 14 a bot. 'an bs rOOTS when she is seated on the 
travailing chair; a. e. 

S^IEStED f. (ttSairi) a faulty version, a rejected Bor- 
aitha, opp. Ktorntto. Gitt - 73a ( ref - to Tos ef. ib. VII(V), 2) 
fct^n 'ai . . . fcO'L'pl "(VtS since there is a contradiction be- 
tween the first and the second clause, it could not have 
been discussed at college (or an attempt to harmonize 
would have been recorded), and (therefore) it is to be 
rejected. Sabb. 121 b ; a. fr. 

NFH^IDQ f. fTrti) sending. Targ. Esth. IX, 22 W T TO ft a 
quot. in Levy' Targ. Diet. (ed. RTTttfc). 

S iL/U (b. h.) pr. n. m. Moses, 1) the law-giver, often 
Urtn 'a M. our teacher. Ber. 3 b . Sot. 12 a ; a. v. fr. — Y. 
Taan. IV, beg. 67 b , a. e. '21 60X1 'a by Moses, I will look 
(at the priests) and not be diverted. Y. Dem. IV, 24 a top 
'21 SOfctt 'a WJ BW1 ftp will he (R. Haggai) in this case, 
too, say, by Moses, I know the reason? Said he, by M. 
&c; a. fr.— Bets. 38 b rvnaxp "VSia 'a by Moses, art thou 
right? (Rashi). — Trnsf. great scholar (that thou art)\, 
(mostly ironically). Hull. 93 a . Sabb. 101 b niaxp I^Bia 'a 
great scholar, art thou really right?; Bets. 1. c. (v. supra); 
a. fr.— 2) M. Bar 'Atsri, father of E. Huna. B. Bath. 174 b 
*nx$ -13 'a (Ms. M. "msS); Arakh. 23 a . 

iHCfQ (tradit. pronunc. VT&n) m. (= ; irna fia, v. Kin) 
anything, the least portion, minimum. Targ. Y. Num. 
XXXV, 16— Sifre Num. 160 BWraaJ maa bran an iron 
weapon may wound fatally,be it ever so small of size. Pes. 
ll b 'ai TOir an hour and a fraction of an hour. Hull. 102 b 
'an when one eats ever so little of it, opp. fiPtefi; (ib. top 
Kins ^33). Ib. 'ai 'man 'an when one eats a little of each, 
flesh, sinews and bones (so as to make up the size of an 
olive when combined); a. v. {v. — PI. f«BtttJO. Erub. 87 a 
'a Wl and two fractions, i. e. ten and a fraction high, 
fcnd two and a fraction wide. 

X'7VE12) v. anaiiia. 

rfta& ^itsza, *tafq ( n ioa) m. a>. h. «^ &$ 

burden, load. Y. Dem. II, 22 d top '31 'a WIS i"K ba pX (not 
^fViSi) the whole of Palestine does not produce one load 
of raisins. Ib. [read:] ppia^S b'U nnK 'a MffilS *'« ba pfcO 
'ai ii&a niaw ^"so nipa px "ib -iax *,a aba does the whole 
of Palestine not produce &c? But thus he said to us, no 
single place in Palestine produces &c. Sabb. 92 a tPXTDrl 
'ai nbsab 'a he who transfers a load from one territory 
to another at a height from the ground of more than 
ten handbreadths. Erub. 22 a (ref. to TDS btf, Deut.VII, 10) 
'31 liJB b» 'a fc«513tt3 disa like a man who carries a burden 
(hanging down) over his face, and is anxious to throw it 
off; Yalk. Deut. 846 'a lb ttJ^tt} D-1X3 (add : V3B b2 ; Ms. O. 
Erub. 1. c. rnpa). Midr. Till, to Ps. XXXVIII (ref. to Ezra 
IX, 6) -Hb2 *ani.,.nf»1ffl BT»b like a man wading through 
a river, his feet sinking into the ground and a load on 
his head &c; a. fr.— PI. yWJBO. Y. Dem. II, 22 c SWaTl 
'31 'a niabttJ if one brings three loads of provisions at a 
time, he is not yet considered a huckster 0"ian). — Trnsf. 
care, interest. Y. Ber. Ill, beg. 5 d itrnSD NUTO ^a lb px 
he has none to take from him his duty (of burying a 
dead relative).— PI. as ab. Num.R.s. l,beg. rVWb^.n&Wa 
firpxiiua fi^XttJli he sends important men... to attend to 
their (political) affairs; (Tanh. B'midb. 1 tMjtea; ed. Bub. 
"xi^a). — CT3B 'a (v. Xtoj) respect of person, partiality. Ab. 
IV, 22 ; Y. Snh. VI, end, 23 d , sq. '31 npal t 'a partiality 
and bribe-taking. Yeb. 79 a ima ST 'B 'a *tifl was there 
partiality shown in that case?; Snh. 104 b ; a. fr. 

nSTJSQ f. (b.h. nx/i'a; X ; r3) signal, esp. fire signal 
announcing the New-Moon.— PI. PfiKMBa R. Hash. II, 2, 

sq. 'a pX^Ja Vil they raised signals (at the stations); 
Tosef. ib. II (I), 2 Tra pX^a ed. (ed. Zuck. tVtWQ pSt>a, 
niSDa; Var. r.lXl&a pX*Oa); a. e. 

riST^D f. (b.h.; nxa) desolation.— PI. PrfWtfa. Midr. 
Till, to Ps. lxxiv, 3 ItmteJ an "no . . lib maxt) craven 

'a the steps (pilgrim's roads) of which thou hast said 
to us (Deut. XVI, 16) . . ., behold they have become 
desolations; Yalk. ib. 809. 

"plEJQ, Bekh. 44 b , v. ?|ttJX a. QSg. 

fcOlTOQ m. (fl^; v. IVttS) [jumper,] rover, free- 
booter.— PI. ''ywtiB. Ab.Zar.70 a bot.bxiC'aanAr. (Ms. 
M. TTT'IJ, read I'TllttJ; ed. ^SSJ) the majority of rovers 
(around Pumbeditha) are Jews. 

SrHTl^JQ f. ("ilVili) stirrup (for jumping on an 
animal's back). Snh. 64 b X^IIBT 'a3 like the stirrup (a 
ring suspended from a frame) thrust over a bonfire on 
Purim, Ar. (Rashi: 'like the children's leaping over a 

rnEJD, v. rraa I. 

11102 m. (Hllia Ii) surveyor.— PI. rvihViJa. Erub. IV, 
11, v. MSa. Kel. XIV, 3 'an rVHrV the surveyors' marking 
pins; 'a bir nbu:bu5 their measuring chains; Tosef. ib. B. 
Mets. ii, 3 mn^ia. 




nSnl^JQ ch. same. B. Mets. 107 b . 

t t : 

DlttJE m. (b. h.j Btti) oar. Zab. IV, 3. — PL ■po'taje. 
B. Bath. 73 a ed. (Mss. nibiizja, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note). 

T31IS73, S'JIIlIQ ch. 1) same. Targ. Ez. XXVII, 29.— 
PL 'paittja. lb. 6.-2) light ship. — PI. as ab. Tavg. Is. 
XLIII, 14* (h. text ftTfn !). 

n T*l"C, v. Xim 

:|'lLu m. (T^a) one who has his prepuce drawn for- 
ward in order to disguise (he sign of the covenant. Tosef. 
Sabb. XV(XVI),9; Y. Yeb. VIII, 9 a top -|iaian (corr.acc). 
Bab. ib. 72 1 ' W¥*TiR*l 'a that a mashukh must be circum- 
cised again is a Biblical injunction; a. fr. — PI. 'J'OWSa. 
Y. Yeb. 1. c. 

rB^Q f. (b. h. ; T];izJr=^3D) hedge, a hedged-in place, 
fold.— PI. riibtea. Tosef. Ohol.XVIII, 12 (ed. Zuck., a.R. 
S. to Ohol. XVIII, 10 niSHttJB; ed. Zolk. miUBa). 

Dlj >*)02 f. (nV:3) a divorced wife taken back after 
being married to another man (against the law, Deut. 
XXIV, 4). Nidd. 69 ,J 'a ro the daughter of a woman il- 
legitimately remarried. 

2 m.(b.h.; UJ!p!^;denom.of 8&SJ)j pi. 0"<tt5iw5a, 
■puSlwJo 1 ) developed to one third of the full growth. B. 
Mets. V, 4.-2) group of three. Y. Shebi. I, 33 b 'a ItKjn 
the quantity (of one cake of figs) for each three trees 
out of nine. 

\utZjU m. (Tati) one deserving extinction; (interch. 
in edd. a. mss. with laia q. v.) open opponent to Jewish 
laic, apostate. Y. Snh. X, end, 29' 1 'a "Vinp Mttttit comes 
under the category of dedicated sacrifices of an apostate 
(which cannot be offered, but are forbidden for private 
use). Y. Pes. VII, 34 c bot. rV^Wp 'an a heretic inasmuch 
as he opposes the decisions of tlie Supreme Court (v. 
Kigali). Y. Hor. Ill, 48 b bot. blip 'a 'al 15, if a proselyte 
and a (penitent) apostate ask for charity, the apostate 
has the preference; a. fr. — [Y. Snh. Ill, 21 '' top 'a in, v. 
rjCi*rj.]— PL VtlWiSU. R.Hash. 17 a Ms. M. (missing in ed.). 
Sifra Vayikra, N'dab., ch. II, Par. 2; a. e. 

rm^ifilL'jC f. (preced.) apostasy. Pes. 96 a Ms. M. (ed. 
m fllan), v. man; Yalk. Ex. 211 niblbS nilama (read: 

rfsbis 'airaa). 

MEtalfe, fcOttj/2pQ m.(ttjattj) servant, attendant. 
Targ. Num. XI, 28; a. fr. — PL p M J O tt fo , 'JjBBO. Targ. 
I Kings X, 5 l TO«lJOWSa (ed. Lag. WD.. ., corr. acc.j.— Koh. 
R. to I, 3 ^niaiOaiBab Sax '1 mm and Eabbi asked his 
waiters ; Lev. R. s. 28 "13UJB£JaK 

riS'ldJ/J m. (denom. of SPiaia) (be) excommunicated. 
Sabb. 67 a (in an incantation). 

rPIfittJD f. (next w.) grotto. Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 12, 

v. nbtoa. 

SD^TOp f. (denom. of tfptf? tooth) I) jaw. Erub.l00 a 
'S3 10T1 (some ed. nm3 . . . ; Ms. M. xr^TT *S) if the roots 
on the surface are shaped like a jaw-bone (llashi : 'rocky 
crag', v. infra). — 2) cliff; bluff; grotto. Gen. R. s. 10 'a 
'31 DW*1 the bluffs at Caesarea; (Koh. R. to XI, 1 StttVtt?; 
ib. to V, 8 Nraltt}).— Taan. 23 a 'a mb tfVttW a grotto 
formed around him; Midr. Till, to Ps. CXXVI. B. Mets. 
108 b 'a p^DSX if a craggy mound separated the fields. 
Ib. 109 a 'a mb TThK he surrounded the fields with an 

^SflttJD f- (&$?) blowing. Yalk. Ps. 864, v. iiwaa. 

HJB11EQ m. (transpos. of ©SUJlBa, v. 1TBUQ; cmp. ^03. 
C252 for ~brO) small side-door, passage-way (v. Tam. 
Ill, 7). Zeb. 82 1 ' '0 "pi (Ms. K.u:bll23a) by the way of small 
passages in the loft (v. Midd. IV, 5 quot. s. v. bib). Men. 
27 b 'a "pi by breaking through a side entrance (or walk- 
ing in a zigzag as on winding stairs); [Rashi: ■=ttDWa, 
v. mo] ; Yalk. Lev. 571 SBlttJa (corr. ace). 

SjpttJlD, v. *$& 

rPi^linO f. (b. h.) m'surah, a measure of capacity, 
one thirty-sixth . of a Log. Ab. ch. VI (adopted fr. Ez. 
V, 11). B.vMets. 61 b ; B. Bath. 89 b — Sifra K'dosh. Par.3, 
ch. VIII VnSh TH It 'as 'in measure' (Lev. XIX, 35) that 
means you must leave a large crest (in dry measure), 
v. T*t. 

S^HilSQ f. (iltt)) journey.— PL TT^^' Tar g- Y - T 
NuimXXI, 1. 

"iHTlJD m. singer, v. "TO I. 

iJlI^D m. (tbia or ttJCa; cmp. dittjl) groper, slow 
ivalker.—PL niiaica. Y. Peah VIII, beg. 20 d , v. «fca h. 

2)]til2, Sntfe, etc., v. sub Vfy 

nilJ'/Q I (b. h.) to siroi«, smear; esp. to anoint; to in- 
stall in office by anointing. Ker. 5 b bTsVafl P,X 'pnujia 
'31 113 'pas in anointing kings you draw the figure of a 
crown with the oil on your finger &c, v. P. Ib. "pit 
'31 ~[ba fTnBYB a king succeeding his father is not an- 
ointed; a. v. fr.— Part. pass, niira, pi. fiinrcJa, '|T"-'f 
'a 'JftS a high priest installed with the ceremony of an- 
ointing, contrad. to b^lSb fiblla, v. rWria. Hor. Ill, 4; 
Meg. I, 9 '31 lattJb 'a IMS pb pit there is no difference 
between the anointed and the unanointed high priest 
except &c. Sifre Tsav, Par. 3, ch. V; a. fr., v. rTOJB.— Jtrahj 
nanba the priest anointed as the chaplain of the army. 
Yoma 72 b ;, v. mm— Pesik.R.s. 8 nanba 'a, v. m-ira 
end. Hor. 12 a , v. )-q\ lb. ll b '31 'a 111 mb ^bba the kings 
of the house of David are anointed kings, those of Israel 
are not installed by anointment; a. fr. 

Nif. nub? to be anointed. Ib. '31 '3 xb Kim Jehu would 
not have been anointed but for the contest of Joram's 
followers, ib. '21 pttan nm; mn isaai with tbat oil 
(prepared by Moses) were anointed the Tabernacle &c; 




Y. Sot. VIII, 22 c . Num. E. s. 12 obia leasts t? until 
all the vessels were anointed ; a. fr. 

riw^2 ch. same. Targ. 0. Gen. XXXI, 13. Targ. Ps. 
LXIV, 4 (Mb. nna) ; a. fr.— Part. pass, rP«So. Targ. II Sam. 
I, 21 ; a. e.— Ker. 5 b '=1 mOtf l Stinn (not mean) that son 
of the high priest that was anointed was high priest &c. ; 

Hor. n b '3i rrwo rno -x. 

Ithpe. rT^em* to ie rubbed with oil, perfumed. Targ. 
Am. VI, 6. 

r!UJ - II to stretch, measure. Denom. nisja, hlTKfcl. 

1ft/. rptJofi fo draw the outlines. Yalk. Num. 719 nav 
i"Q l_r«BJuyi stood there drawing (the pattern of the candle- 

nCQ ch. same. Targ. Y. Gen. X, 25. Targ. Ez. XL, 5; 
a. fr. — Sabb. it" WO bipflMi rra-: rrt 3tTW twen 

Ms. M. (ed., v. X~"l ; *: II) let him measure when giving 
it out and again when receiving it back. B. Mets. 107 b 
V" -r:—-:-r xb Ms. M. (ed. WrtWri) do not measure 
(survey) at all. 

~'$2 III, Sr"'!^, tJTQ Im.(ni»aI)l)oi/,/ar.Targ. 
Num. VII, 13. Targ.' Ex. XXIX, 7: a. fr. — Y. Maas. Sh. 
IV. 54 d hot. '2' TOR) rrt fit! had oil which he took down 
to Acco (for sale). lb. '21 '.jHltfUJ x"~~ (not rm'-a, some 
ed. WW'S) that oil of thine at Beth M.— Ab.Zar. 37 a TOTi 
"2 who permitted oil (of gentiles). lb. 28 a XTViXI "2 goose- 
fat; a. fr. — 2) resin. Targ. Is. XLI, 19 'an "prx pine-wood 
(h. text yam "Sr, v. ":ti).— Succ. 40 a , v. 'fit- Gitt. 69 b , 

v. x-n-r 11. 

ntifZ IV, #T]til2, '12 II m. fnaa II) measure, 
length. Targ. II Chr. IV, 2 "2 Bin measuring line ; a. e. — 
[Targ. I Kings VI, 25 XTn xm-a, v. xrrvra.] — B. Bath. 
145 b rTBG ~"rr rich in things that are measured (corn &c). 
— Sabb. 19 a '=1 3.Tn: 'as let him give it out (for washing) 
by measure &c, v. n'i'a II. — V. xrrr:;~. 

ZPQl WLiUt Targ. Is. XXXIV, 4 ed. Lag., Ar. s. v. 
attfltt, absent in ed., a corrupt Massoretic gloss, perh. 
TOarWO, v. Berl. Mass., p. 142. 

rTV£*2 f. (b. h. ; rtlSa I) official distinction, official 
emoluments. Y. Bice. II, 64 d (ref. to Num. XVIII, 8) 'ab 
'2} 'ab nbvub Vmoshha means for official distinction, for 
anointing (the body) &c, v. np T b";n; Zeb. 28 a , a. e. ' ab 
'=" nbnsb Vmoshha means for distinction, as kings eat. 

nn3£ f. (b. h.; v. preced.) 1) anointing, official in- 
stallation-. '~n "a~ the oil used for installation. Hor. 
HI, 4; Meg. I, 9. v. ttDa I. Tosef. Sot. XIII, l ras:^ . . .t:s 
'an 'i"2'E VS (Josiah) removed out of sight the Ark . . . 
and the bottle of the oil of installation (made by Moses). 
Hor. ll b '2' "-•"- "n...'an t) in the oil of installation 
which Moses prepared, they boiled the roots of spices. 
lb. ' -n 'r - b-ra: Ms. M. (ed. omit 'an) dare we desecrate 
the sacred oil (by using it for non-Davidic kings)? lb. 
12* 'an 'r mn ->al did any oil for the installation exist 
(in the days of Joahaz) ? ; a. v. fr.— 'an in (=b. h. nTTtn nn) 

Mount of Olives. B. Hash. II, 4; Tosef. ib. H(I), 2;— 
[Sabb. 56 b , quot. fr. II Kings XXIII, 13 'an in, Ms. M. 


nin«-- f. (*nr) whetting implement of stone or wood. 
Kel. XVII, 17; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. VII, 10 n^a na O^J 'a 
':t a (wooden) whetter which has a receptacle for oil. 
Bets. 28 a p& br '" a whetstone; ys b'S 'a a wooden 
whetter; a. fr. [Ar. reads TTOa.] 

rnn'^"^ m. (b. h.; nnia) destroyer, esp. Mashhith, 
name of a demon of destruction. Deut. B. s. 3; Yalk. 
Deut. 853; a. e.; v. nrran. — 'an ->n Mount Mashhith, v. 


U m. (v. Xtrral) pine. Succ. 40 a 'al CPSS (Ms. 
M. MnWl) wood of the pine-tree (used for torches). 

C*-n»JD m. (preced.) ointment, perfumed oil. — PI. 
pariBQ. Targ. HEsth. VI, 11 (ed. Vien. yan/sa); a. e. 

^niZJS, v. nra IU. 

S^lT^U, tfrrCE, *?3 f - (^9011) measure, length. 
Targ. I Kings VI, 25 'ed. Lag. (oth. ed. xryra fern.). Targ. 
Ex. XXVI, 2; a. fr.— Sabb. 74 b 'ax TSp ^X if he is par- 
ticular about a uniform lecgth (of the chips). B. Mets. 
107 b 'ian blbtn xb (or *ttnpV2\pl) do not treat surveying 
lightly.— PI. inra, '-2. 'Targ. 0. Num. XIII, 32 'ai |BBTW 
(h. text rma TO*). — NnrTOQ. Targ. Ez. XL, 28, sq.; a. 
e.— [xnnra balance, v. xrx=- a. xr-~-.] 

Kn^irSTZJq, v. xrara 

!j"^CC, n""2wE m. (b. h. na/ra; naai) spreading, 
grapes spread on the ground; spreading place. Toh. X, 4 
naix ba 'an ynt\ .... ■ ) ri:n he who puts in the press 
grapes collected in baskets or such as were spread on the 
(naked) ground; ib.n^b? bffl 'an ",a grapes spread on leaves. 
Tosef. ib. XI, 8. Y'lamd. to Num. VII, 1 tastic xbaa he 
fills his spreading place.— P/. CT-ad":, •fna , i":,'"a - ra lagers. 
Sifre Num. 98 'a 'a n"Trr ttPrtTO the quails formed layers; 
Yoma 75 b . 

NIT^IL'D ch. same. Targ. II Kings XVIII, 17 na/ra bpn 
'21 field where washers spread (their clothes).— PI. 'j'lKJBJJJ 
lagers. Targ. 0. Num. XI, 32 ed. Berl. (Var. "prpara, 
ffWOO, v. Berl. Targ.O. II, p. 41 ; Ms. II 'lara; Y.'^ara). 

PrrwE, WTO23D, v. preced. wds. 

"Itjte, v. naoa. 

"•Op} S w^ (cmp. r^a) 1) to feel, touch. Targ. 0. Gen. 
XXVIIJ22. — 2) (with XT) to rub, whence to wash and dry, 
esp. one's hands before and after meals. Ber. 46 b ~T "J"; 
wash thy hands. Hull. 107 a/ 2l 13"""" *'ra wash your hands 
in the morning. Ib. b "pT rtVJQ xbl (not tm*) and didst 
not wash thy hands, lb. Nl-^a &CX1 and I should wash? 
Pes. 112 a . Ned. 91 a '=■ r,--- x" - ra she washed her hus- 
band's hands. Ib. WDOOb to wash; a. fr.— Sabb. 77 b 
"TOXa, v. xba-ca. Kidd. 52 b '31 sons JClSa was washing 
a foot in a basin of water. 




Af. ^uSr»» to handle, draw. B. Bath. 153* . . Vlpqtyg 
X^aa . . they drew Raba's clothes through water. 

W^Q, Y. Shek. VII, 50 c hot., read Wrtttja, v. 1$. 

escaped, refugee. Targ. Deut. Ill, 3 (Y. Uljtjjo), Targ. 
II Kings IX, 15 ; a. fr.— P/. yapEa, X^apttja, 'Tllja. Targ. 
Is. LXVI, 19. Targ. Jud. XII, 4; a. fr/ 

STQJ/lJQ f. (preced.) escape, deliverance. Targ. Ob. 
17 (ed. Lag. xnania). 

I"nZ;Q m. (b. h.; ntt?a I) anointed, esp. 1) 'a )tys or 'a 
(v. PTOo, s. v. nilja I, v. Lev. IV, 3) the high priest installed 
by anointment. Tosef. Meg. I, 18 133)153 'a '3 the active 
high priest ; 13?© 'a '3 the unfitted high priest (prevent- 
ed from officiating on the Day of Atonement). Hor. Ill, 4 
'31 niUJan 'an WW what high priest is called mashiah? 
He who has been anointed &c. Sifra Vayikra, Hobah, 
ch. I, Par. 2, a. e. "|ban fit bw 'a by mashiah (Lev. IV, 3) 
you might understand the king. lb. '31 'a fit 'an 'the 
anointed' means an anointed who has no superior an- 
ointed ; a. fr.— 2) 'an ?jba, or *a Me Messiah, the future 
redeemer of Israel from captivity. Gen. R. s. 2 (ref. to 
Gen. I, 2) 'an 'a bti) inn nt that means the divine spirit 
of the king Messiah (with ref. to Is. XI, 2). Succ. 52 a , 
a. fr. in p 'a the Davidic Messiah, contrad. to tpli * ( 3 'a 
the M., son of Joseph, who is to precede the former. Snh. 
98 b '31 bxicb 'a pX Israel has no Messiah to expect, for 
it has enjoyed him (the glory which he was predicted to 
bring) in the days of Hezekiah. lb. 97 a ; a. fr.— 'an nia^ 
the Messianic epoch. lb. bot. Ber. I, 5 'a hia^b XTnnb 
this includes (the duty of remembering the exodus from 
Egypt) even in the Messianic days; a. fr. — 'a blW iban, 
v. :3n.— PI. BTOWfe. Pesik. R. s. 8 (ref. to Zech.IV, 3) ibx 
'31 hanba miaa mx 'an *m these are the two expected 
Messiahs, one appointed to conduct war (CpV p 'a) &c; 
Yalk. Zech. 570. 

fcWTttJQ I ch. same. Targ. I Sam. XXIV, 7 ; a. fr.— 
Esp. 'a X3ba or 'a the Messiah, v. preced. Targ. I Chr. 
Ill, 24. Targ. Y. Ex. XL, 9; a. fr.-[Targ. Cant. IV, 5 n^TOa 
in 13, ansx 13 'a, v. preced.]— Lam. R. to II, 2 13^n 
'3 X3ba this (Bar Kokhba) is the expected king Messiah ; 
Y. Taan. IV, 68 d bot.— Sot. IX, 15 (49 b ) 'a ni3pS3 in the 
period preceding the coming of the Messiah; a. fr. 

JSPPOD II f. rope, v. nrr«aJe 11 a. xnrpiua. 

nrrlLQ I f. (nuJal) anointing, installation by anoint- 
ing; use of the stem rtfa. Ker. 5 b , a. fr. 'a "J1SO (">3J3) re- 
quires anointment (in order to be recognized). lb. XEFIS 'a 
anointing (by drawing a figure, v. nCD I) is preferable to 
pouring oil (MJ5W). Num. R. s. 12 13T3 pTW nrpttja how 
was Aaron's installation done? lb. '31 ibx bfc) "jnn^UJaa with 
the anointment of these vessels were all the vessels of 
subsequent days consecrated. Sifre Num. 117 xbx 'a pX 
nbllJ the stem niBa refers to official emoluments, as we 
read (Lev. VII, 35) &c; ib. nniBan "jaa? xbx 'a yx mashah 
means installation with oil; a. fr. 

JllTro II f. (ntfta H) band, cord, esp. flax rope for 
surveying. Tosef. Erub. VI (V), 13. Kel. XXI, 3 'aai Bina 
the string or the rope (of the saw). Tosef. Sabb. V (VI), 2 
'aa 1313 (ed. Zuck. Kn-HUaa) tied a cord around them ; 
Sabb.50 a . Tosef. Hull. Ill (IV), 22 pbmn 'a a"S ',ni:n b= 
'd1 when you place a fowl on a rope, that fowl which 
divides its claws &c, is unclean; Hull. 65 a am lb "pnnia 
'a blU you stretch a cord for it in a line ; a. fr.— PI. nin^a. 
Kil.IX, 9 *,a5,1X blU 'a purple-colored ribbons, v. bbal end; 
Y. ib. 32 d . Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. IV, 7. 

rfilT^Q f. (denom. of rpttia) office of the anointed 
priest. Hor. Ill, 1 ira-piaaa 1335 resigned his office. 

NriT&Q,^rPCT f. ch.=h. nn^all, rope. Y.Kil. 
IX, 32 c top '31 'a ',iani' fasten a rope to my feet; Y. Keth. 
XII, 35 a bot. "'bans WTUBo yep (not ibana).— Y. Kil. 1. c. 
bot. (R. Meir said before his death) * ( 13m lisrpiua xn this 
is your band (the attraction of Palestine made me travel 
all the way to die there) ; Y. Keth. 1. c. bot. '31 'a XI n 
(corr. ace). 

ST^Q m. ch. (bfcttD) =h. nbxraa, prayer, request— 
PI. constiOb^a. Targ. Ps. XXXVII, 4 (ed. Wil. "^lUa). 

:p03i v. •qtthp. 

/"CflEQ f. (7\Vv) drawing, pulling. Y.B. Kam. X, end, 
7 C anan rd^a, v. ana. Num. R. s. 18, beg. anai wtua 
D^sl the drawing (winning) power of soft words; Tanh. 
Korahl; a.e. — Esp. m'shikhah, taking possession by draw- 
ing toivards one^s self the object to be acquired. Kidd. 1,4 
'aa n h 3p3 is taken possession of by pulling, contrad. to 
nnasn a. ni^oa. B. Mets. 9 a , contrad. to njna/n. Ib. 47 b , 
a e. '31 'a Up^ntO "J113 as the scholars declared m'shikhah 
to be necessary to bind the seller, so did they make it 
necessary to bind the buyer; a. fr. 

rfD^Q^Tosef. Ohoi. xviii, 12, v. nsiiaa. 

Sm^ra,v.nextw. ■ 

StD n 02 m. (b3», Shaf. of bl3; cmp. xb"<3a, Xfib-VDa) 
1) a ivash-basin. Sabb. 77 b (phonetic etymol.)xbl3 "HDXa 'a 
'washing everybody', contrad. to xnb^31T>3: xnbs KTOQ 
'washing brides' (distinguished people). Kidd. 52 b , v. iSJa. 
— PL iEMfa Ab. Zar. 39 a mm 'a white (glazed) basins. 
B. Mets. 84 b Xai 'a pn^lD sixty basin-fuls of blood. M. 
Kat. 18 b '31 I3xn 'a (Ms. M. sing.) basins filled with linen 
garments (for rinsing in the lake). Gitt. 69 b bot. — Fern. 
form xnb312ia (xnb^312Ja). Sabb. 1. c. 's^UJa Ms. M. (ed. 
'b"OU:a), v. supra. Hulk 47 b '31 X^al xni3"mja (corr. ace.) 
a basin of tepid water. Ab. Zar. 51 b nifflnx 'a (rt Xfiinai 
(v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8) the idolatrous statuary has an 
inverted washbasin on its head. — 2) (cmp. 1*53, *xa as 
vessel and garment) a sort of cloak. Lev. R. s. 23 (expl. 
n3-»aiB, Jud. IV, 18) 'aa nax ' ( ani ",3311 . . 1331 the rabbis 
here (in Palestine) say, it means with a sudra (X111D), 
while the Babylonian rabbis say m'shikhla ; Yalk. Jud. 44 ; 
Yalk. Lev. 585. 


853 *yre 

^till, v. MVntfa 

"T : - i : t : 

T : , • 1 t : • : 

HQ"02 f. (Wfej, formed with ref. to a*nBri DUB, Deut. 
XVII, T 15)" appointment, office.— PL rvhrtMj. Yeb 45 b ba 
'31 D'VBa FtnXttJ 'a whatever offices thou createst, the elected 
must be from among thy brethren; Kidd. 76 b ; a. e. 

MiTlED f. (C)W}) embrocation. Sabb. 77 b . 
n"lp n I23Q, v. KM^-fa). 

S'^tED, v. varfnAa. 

T I • - t ■ : - 

5Si "IjQ pr. n. m. M'shitlia, surname of one Joseph or 
Jose/Gen/R. s. 65; Yalk. Gen. 114 WWQ. 

:JL;Q (b. h.) pr. n. Meshech, a son of Japheth and pro- 
genitor of a race of the same name (v. Schrader KAT, 
p. 84). Y. Meg. I, 71 b bot.; Yoma 10 a , v. KJOBJ. 

H3Q (b. h.; cmp. rraja II) to draw, pull; to seize; 
(with -,a) to withdraw; in gen. to stretch, produce a con- 
tinuous line or flow; to conduct. Kil.VIlI, 2 Ti'i'Oab tuiinb 
JffOnVl to plough with, to pull (by the head, go in front 
of), and to drive. Gen.R.s.86'31 "psdia TTltfJ.v. infra. Mekh. 
Bo, s. 11 (ref. to Ex. XII, 21) '=1 lb U)itt) "«a C^a 'lead forth' 
(select), refers to him who has a lamb, 'and buy', refers to 
one who has none. lb. T"Sa IStiia withdraw from idolati-y. 
lb. 'si 131313 Oil^-P P,X fOUttaVthat you may withdraw your 
share in the Passover lamb as long as it has not been 
slaughtered (v. ttia); Pes. VIII, 3. lb. IX, 10 fOXOm ibx 
'SI nnx fib .the one company select one lamb, the other 
&c. — M. Kat. I, 3 'si tnan px &"0«5ia you may draw (con- 
duct) the water in channels from tree to tree. Pesik. R. 
s. 26 trjHn 131X Kim sbn lb T\iv?\ Naia perhaps it (the 
breast) will yield him milk when sucking, but it did not 
yield. Ex. R. s. 52 Ol "'"O'H PSttJia PbTiPn it (the valley) 
began to give forth a flow of gold denars before their 
eyes. Tosef. Sot. XIV, 8; Sot. 47 b pilP. "O^B those who 
draw out their spittle (assume aristocratic airs). Hag. 14 a 
'si lab "pSttJia they draw the heart of the people as one 
conducts water, when they lecture ; Sabb. 87 a (play on 

"Wl, Ex. XIX, 9, v. 133) ttiWQ fOWnKgD a^"ai words 

which draw (atti-act) the heart of man like a lecture. Y. 
Ab. Zar. Ill, 42 c top 'SI fil HIIIS^S Wtfja the gutters of 
Laodicea carried a flow of blood; a. v. fr. — Esp. (law) to 
take possession by drawing or seizing an object, v. hS'n&J. 
B. Mets. IV, 2 'SI nil^B ISa^P 'a if he took possession of 
fruits bought of him before paying. lb. 47 a p^BOri X5 
'SI 7|ittJab he had not yet had time to take possession 
of the ass; a. v. fr.— Zeb. 6 b yWJ nab *,nsiria "pSO the 
slaughtering knife takes possession of them for what they 
are to be, i. e. the slaughtering of the sacrifices decides 
their purpose; Shebu. 12 b . — PblS 'a to stretch the pre- 
puce, to disguise circumcision. Y. Peah I,16 b ; a. e. — Part, 
pass. ?praja ; f . rDWJa ; pi B'Wnoa, "pSWJa ; nisinia a) straight- 
lined, continuous. Nidd. 57 b 'a SX if the blood-stain has 
the shape of a line, opp. VftS. Y. Erub. I, 19 b top 'a rTtt 
if the wall is straight-lined. lb. 'si 'a mipfi KP.P fctbia 
that the beam be not prolonged more than &c. lb. "pSllIJaa 
'si irw when they are longer than &c. ; a. fr. — Mikv. 

V, 3, v. Vi3.— b) (with -a) withdrawn. Pes. IX, 10 -pi 
'SI "jbtfja 'a thy share be withdrawn from thy lamb, and 
be transferred to ours; a. e. — c) v. T^HJa. 

Nif.T\U?t 1) to be stretched. Y. Yeb. VIII, 8 d bot. nsiua? 
!"Pbxa if the prepuce overgrew the corona of itself, v. 
T^'-ia.— 2) to be prolonged, continued. Hor. 12 a .."pHiaia px 
"jpisba ^ttJHPiia ''IS . . . kings are anointed at a spring in 
order that their government maybe prolonged (cmp. Hag. 
1. c). lb. *jPl3ba MSCaS their dynasty was prolonged; a. 
fr. — 3) to be withdrawn. Tosef. Pes. VII, 7 'qifisrib 121 
'SI ni3anbl(ed.Zuck. incorrect) if they desire to withdraw, 
and that, others be entered &c. lb. 'si "pablril "pSttja? they 
may go on withdrawing &c, a. fr. — 4) to be drawn after; 
to follow. Ex. R. s. 24. Gen.R. s.86 xbl . . "psUJia VVTtt msb 
fiSTJJaS nnfl like a cow which they attempt to pull to 
the slaughter-house, and which will not go; a. fr. — 5) to 
be conducted in a channel. Tosef. Par. IX (VIII), 9 D^ap. 
'31 ■psujasfi well-water derived into a channel &c, v. pa; 
a. e. 

Eif. jptfatl 1) to cause to extend. Keth. 10 b (the rain) 
TpCaal "pSa gives beauty and enlargement (to the fruits). 
— 2)'to draiv,pull. Y.Kil.VHI,31 c top, a e. ramjan WHSI 
'SI if he drove the animal, or pulled it, or called it. Ex. R. 
s. 20, beg. *|D13 lipSttJaP I pulled him by the bridle ; a. e. — 
3) to conduct water into channels. Tem. 1 2 b OT:ra miXir 
itbis a collection of drawn water all of which has been 
conducted through a channel. Y.Shebi.II, end,34 b T|1BaPb 
to irrigate by gutters, contrad. to Plptt-'Sib. Y. M. Kat. I, 
80 b top '31 pSaP. 'P. he led the water of a well into it. 
Tosef. Sabb. VII (VIII), 16 '31 p pp'tfaa you may let 
wine or oil run in gutters before bride and groom ; Ber. 
50 b ; a. fr. — 4) to prolong a meal, to add a course. Succ. 
27 a , v. rVlQ-iS. 

:|Lj/Q I ch. same, 1) to draw, carry along. Targ. Y. 
Gen. IX', 20 '31 &OP3 tTSKtSfi (read: WD ^rt) which the 
river had carried along from &c. — Zeb. 53 b , a. e. tottia 
Kiasb i-QS the many brought the single man over (to 
their opinion). — 2) to attract. Ab. Zar. 27 b P!3"<a TIKltt 
bOSJaTl it is different with heresy, because it attracts (per- 
suades, offers inducements). — 3) (neut. verb) TjIBa, ^^ 
to run in a continuous line; to be prolonged, continued. 
Targ. Y. Num. XXI, 35; Ber.54 b fPSWB ^SSJahis teeth were 
prolonged. Hor. I2 a '31 'jaaja KTD CtBal Wl "O as the 
water runs continually, so may the traditions which you 
teach be continued. lb. pi-|1P3 -poa "W (Rashi -pitta) if 
the light continues to burn; Ker. 5 b .— [lb. WV» "DttJa, 
read : p">Da.]— Pes. 8 a PP11P;3 -pttJa the light (of a lamp 
or a candle) burns steadily, opp. "BllipiX ppp^a. Ab. 
Zar. 2 b in-iinisbaS iSUJa they will continue their ruler- 
ship; Yalk. Is. 316 lp-^Plsba town; a. e. — 4) to take 
possession. B. Mets. 48 a Tpy?a*l IS until he takes posses- 
sion ; "pal IS until he has taken &c. lb. 49 a ITtrtSa he 
has taken possession of it ; a. fr. — Meg. 31 a Klin "jlBa 'take 
possession of the ox' (mnemotechnical words to designate 
the order of Scriptural readings on the Passover days, 
ref. to 13115a, Ex. XII, 21 ; 11©, Lev. XXII, 26 &c). 

Ithpe. Tp^a^x 1) to be attracted, carried away, seduced. 
Ab. Zar. 1. c. Indira ?pi?aab ifttn he may be induced to 





follow them (the heretics). Snh. 70 a Kin iMttJJpK tallOa 
it is in order to prevent being carried away (led to in- 
temperance) ; TptttePB vb he will not be carried away (it 
has no attraction for him); Yalk. Deut. 929. Sabb. 147 b 
Indira '*& he was drawn after them, he indulged in the 
luxuries of the place; a. fr. — 2) (v. preced. Nif.) to with- 
draw. Pes. 78 b '31 Wl "^lOaa itf if these should withdraw 
(from their participation in the Passover sacrifice), it 
would remain fit for the others. 

r\til2 II, ^Q/llJ^/^iam^precedO^^Hn. 
Targ. O.'Num. XXXI.20. Targ. Lev. XIII, 8 (ed. Berl. K3T2J^). 
Targ. Y. Gen. Ill, 14 '3ioa;— Y.Ned. Ill, 37 d bot. ^'lOa 
iftlH the hide of a serpent. B. Kam. 66 b , v. TVp$ Tanh. 
B'resh. 7 'a f+m *{0 Op'TS ]"fiTi such a strap from such a 
hide (such poor work with such good material) ! ; a. fr. — 
PL ytfcta, 'WJO, '% 'ia. Targ. Ex. XXVI, 14. Targ. Gen. 
XXVII,' 16; a. fr. 

T t •: : " t t : 

^^12 m. (b.h.; 3310) 1) couch, bed; grave. Kidd. 31 b 
13310a fmilD, v. h*JB8. Keth. 104 a ; a. fr.— Esp. 'a (nxaira) 
the uncleanness caused by an unclean person lying on an 
object, v. atfta. Kel. I, 3; a. fr.— PL ni3310a. Keth. 1. c. 
Midr. Till, to Ps. CXLIX ; a. e. — 2) sexual connection. 
Snh. 55 a ; a. fr.— (13T) "HSt 3310a pederasty. Succ. 29 a ; 
a. fr. — PL as ab. Snh. 1. c. 'a ^310 two ways (the natural 
and the unnatural way) of sexual gratification. lb. 54 a . 

feGSttSQ, '12573 ch. same. Targ. Lev. XV, 4 ; a. fr.— 
Ber. 56 6 "ptn 'a'(Ms. M. 13310a h.) (his) couch will be 
upset (his domestic life disturbed). — PI. constr. "OSlOa. 
Targ. 0. Gen. XLIX, 4. Targ. Num. XXXI, 17 ; a. fr.' 

rrcrotDD, arranoD, v. next wds. 

ri^DlSIpQ f. ("10a) the shepherd's leading implements, 
as staff 1 , bell &c. ; trnsf. the bell-wether, leader. B. Kam. 
52 a hap 'a lb "toaio ^ro . . . loian ed. (Ms. M. '31310a ; Alf. 
ed. '31310a, Ms. '31310a, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) as soon as 
he delivers the mashkokhith, the sale is perfected. lb. *»fita 
'31 NDil 'a what is m.? Here (in Babylonia) they explain 
it, 'the bell'. B.J. says, 'the goat that leads the herd'; 
Y. Kidd. I, 60 b top, expl. 'the staff", 'the pipe', 'the leader'; 
Y. B. Bath. HI, beg. 13 d , v. hnwaa 

NiTpp'DttSQ f. ch. (preced.), 'a K33> the leading flock. 
Targ. Y. Gen.' XXX, 40 (ed. '31310a, corr. ace; h. text 

■jttan 13b). 

"}"©02 m. Cj3ia) security, pledge. B. Mets. VI, 7 imbn 
'an bs if one loaned on a pledge. lb. '31 131310a . . . -ima 
man is permitted to hire out the poor man's pledge (for 
the debtor's benefit). lb. 82 a (in Chald. diet.) 'a ">110 aVia 
'31 when the pawn is not worth the money loaned on it. 
lb. 'a H31p 3in b"S the creditor owns the pledge (for the 
time being, and is reponsible for it); a. fr. — Ex. R. s. 31 
laiarja aba ">33ioa xiip ann bit read not (Lev. XXVI, 11) 
'my dwelling' but 'my pledge'. lb. s. 35 (play on *310ab, Ex. 
XXVI, 15) '31 " ( 310ab iai2> Kintt) the sanctuary stands as a 
pledge, when the Israelites deserve destruction, it is seized 
on their account.— PI. nisisioa, niasioa. lb. s. 31 (ref. to 

-pMOlOa, Num.XXIV, 5) 'a i3W two pledges (the First and 
the Second Temple); Num. B. s. 12 ^rvi3310a imp inn hn 
rpni33l0a &6N read not thy dwellings &c. (v. supra); Tanh. 
Naso'li. Ex. R. 1. c. (with ref. to Ex. XXII, 25), cmp. 
nbinn ; a. fr. 

j UUJD, cSJU iZJO ch. same, pledge, seized goods. 
Targ. Am. II, 8. T Targ. Gen. XXXVIII, 17; a. fr.— Gen. R. 
s. 70 '31 rvVn 'a ^ inn (Yalk. ib. 125 -paisusa) give me 
a pledge that none of you will divulge it; a. e. — PL 
:$*3i310a, yaisaa, 'lO^a. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXVIII, 25 (not 
fc^a ...).— Gen. R. I.e. — Y. Pes. IV, 31 b bot. "pnTO "Jimi 
pa 'ia and their children were placed as pledges with 
them (for military levies). 


t : : - t : • : 

T'pttJQj v. laaa.— [Y. Yeb. VIII, 9 b top 'ai "pVnWj 
read: 'piiaal, v. ?]liJ3.] 


IBIL'jQ (denom. of "jiSlOa) to take a pledge; to seize, levy. 
B. Mets". 81 b inxibn na>l03 "teWfa he made him give a pledge 
at the time when the loan was transacted ; na>!03 &6l0 'a 
'31 he seized it (through court proceedings) after the 
transaction of the loan. Ib. 113 b 13310a> N310 TO 1*6*1 
when the court messenger comes to seize his goods. Shek. 
I, 3 "pa3loaa ia nj< against whom was seizure (for the 
contribution of the half-Shekel) executed? — Y. ib.II,beg. 
46 c «W^» »Vl "plOab "pIN") n^nUJ ",1i3a since the court 
had a right to seize and did not do so (because the claim 
was satisfied with another man's money). Cant. R. to 1,4 
(play on 13310a, ib.) nma "p-m l '»'<SKJa execute levy 
against me (take my sanctuary, v. "jispa), yet after thee 
we run. Ex. R. s. 35 &"!S>3 13310aa1 . . . ^Bia "SK I take a 
righteous man from them and seize him for their guilt; 
a. fr.— Part. pass. *|3i0*iaa; pi. en33lO>aa, 'p33TOiaa. Y.Shek. 
1. c. 'aan bs *W. . . 'pa-iin fW in distributing the Temple 
contributions we do not take into account that which is 
being collected (and has not yet come in) or that which 
is to be obtained by seizure. Peah VIII, 8. B. Mets. 73 b , 
v. next w. ; a. e. 

Hithpa. 13i0ann, Nithpa. "JBiOana to be seized. Ex. R. 
s. 51, beg. '31 d^aSS iflttJ '310 it (the sanctuary) was twice 
seized for their sins, v. "|i3ipa. Ib. s. 35; Tanh. Vayakh. 9 
on^s "(Sipana "pioan Wii, v. lism Ib. '31 ^ M feria T*T*i 
and they (the righteous) will be seized &c. Num. R. s. lfi 
'31 S3310arY] lOTpsni pioan the Tabernacle and the Temple 
shall be seized &c. ; a. fr. 

ch. same. Targ.Y. Ex. XXII, 25. Targ. 
Job XXIV, 3; — B. Mets. 68 a '31 UTS^S Sl"b 'a (not 
*,l310a) A pledged his field to B, and then rented it from 
him. Ib. 73 b top '31 Wi 'a . . . iia '"1 a gentile gave his 
house (for occupation) as a pledge, and then sold it to &c. 
Ib. 113 a &6 131310a 1=3X Ms. M. (ed. 13310a) but to take a 
pledge out of his house he (the messenger of the court) 
is not permitted; a. fr.-Part. pass. ",3l0aa,f. xasiaaa. Koh. 
R. to ill, 2, v. xnbsna. B. Mets. 73 b •pioaai ws*n nin ->n 
'31 Ms. F. (Ms. M." *,310al, corr. ace. ; ed. ^lOiaa mni) if I 


855 hnbth: 

had known that the house was pledged to you. Y. ib. 
VIII, end, ll d '31 nW'i'aa mm rwa his house was pledg- 
ed to Sic. ; a. e. 

Ithpa.'&Z'zrii to be given as a pledge; to be levied upon; 
to borrow on pledge. Targ.IIChr.XXV,24(h.textnl3.nrn). 
Targ. Y. Deut. XV, 6; a. e. 

m \Z 312 m. (b. h.; ",r:j) dwelling, esp. the sanctuary of 
the desert, the Tabernacle. Erub. 2 a , v. U5^pa. Num. R. s. 
12; a. v. fr. —PI. rTOSSSa. lb.: a. fr. 

SD2 '&12 t 12 ch. same, dwelling, tent. Targ. Job XVIII, 
14.— Esp.' the Tabernacle. Targ. Ex. XXV, 9; a. fr— PI. 
p»0O, SWWfo, *a. Targ. Gen. IV, 20. Targ. Ps. CXXXII, 5. 
Ib.LXXXIV, 2; a. fr. 

Sr^IX'^/C, IEPQ f. (v. next w.) pledged property, 
occupancy subject to redemption at the original oivner's 
will. Cant. R. to I, 4 (play on "<33tl5a, ib.) xnaa XSIxb 
'a rxnpnxi to the good land which is called a tenancy 
(crap. Lev. XXV, 23); Yalk. ib. 981 KFOWfa. 

SIT2232 f. (v. "psoa) a loan transaction whereby 
landed, property is transferred to the creditor with the 
privilege of redemption by returning the loan (v. Sm. Ant. 
s. v. Pignus). [The particular conditions of the 'a depend 
on local usages.] B. Mets. 67 a '31 ipb&an XinX3 'a xn as 
to tbe settlement of a tnashkanta, where the usage allows 
the debtor to repay the loan at any time, he may reclaim 
his property as soon as the value of the creditor's usu- 
fruct has reached the amount of the loan, but if the 
usufruct amounts to more, the balance cannot be claimed. 
Ib. b top, v. xm;33. lb. 68 a Xnil5 'a dr© a m. without a 
fixed term for redemption is meant for a year (during 
which the occupant cannot be disturbed). Ib. 110% a. e. 
'31 KTlDI 'a the agreement of a m. customary in Sura, in 
which it is written, 'After the lapse of so and so many 
years, the property shall go back without payment'. Ib. 
'-T VTVSV) the document of a m.; a. e. — Yalk. Cant. 981, 

v. preced. 


302 I (b. h.) 1) to handle, to touch. Yoma 46 a hbtfa 
*iixn " ( ri3 the flames had attacked them. — 2) to attend, 
manage, control. B. Mets. 75 1 ' rbr nbisia iniTXll5 "^a he 
whom his wife rules. Hull. 60 b '31 &1T3 "billJai ^ ( n °t 
bll!5al; Eashi Vfahtt ~b) go thou and attend by day and 
by night.— B. Bath. 78 b (ref. to Num. XXI, 27) B ^ V ttSl ah 
filX'M who control their inclinations ; a. e.— b'lJia governor, 
consul. Yad. IV, 8 '=1 btJTOh HX D"ani3 DnX you write 
the governor's name and year together with the name of 
Moses in a document. [B. Kam. 38 a ^Wfe, tf frffi a , cen- 
sorial emendations for H^cba, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. notes.] 

Pi. buia to handle, dispose of, use. Gen. B. s. 20 bl3^ 
IS b3a' Prbispia you might think, he may use her in what- 
ever way he pleases ; Yalk. ib. 32. 

Hif. b^cjan to make a ruler. Sot. 36 b mb^F) . . . *W 
13' 1 ?~ a slave whom his master bought for twenty pieces 
of silver,— wilt thou make him a ruler over us ? ; a. e. 

"ljU II (b. h. ; denom. of next w.) 1) to speak meta- 
phorically. Nidd.V,7 '31 ibllja bira the scholars introduced 
metaphors for designating the 6tages of female puberty. — 

2) to compare, to give an illustration. Tosef. Ber. 1, 11 
'31 nab bl!5a ibltta they made a comparison: what is this 
to be compared to? To &c. R. Hash. 17 b bl!5a -jb Mabx 
'31 nab let me tell thee a parable: what is this like to? 
To &c. Cant. R. toll, is u^x ni^sban nx biria xinirs 
CX3 xbx "jbniia when one wants to find a simile for 
hostile governments, one compares them to fire ; a. v. fr. 
— Part. pass, blliia; f. nblltsa; pi. trfcWJO, "pb/iira; rtfrwJB. 
Meg. 16 a '31 'al 1B?b 'a IT 'naix that nation (Israel) is 
compared now to dust and now to the stars; a. v. fr. 

Nif. bra? to be compared (followed by -b, -3 or ~2). 
Taan. 7 a 115xb mm 1*127 ibra? Ms. M. (ed. 115X3, 115X3. v. 
Rabb. D. S. a.l. note) the words of the Law are compared 
to fire. Gen. R. s. 41 D^ab TO«Jb3» H ' TtH l the Law which 
is compared to water; a. v. fr. 

j\u!2 m. (b. h. ; v. bira I) [something tangible, sub- 
stantial, plausible; cmp. xbrax,] a truth substantiated by 
an illustration, wise saying; fable, allegory; example; 
mashal. Cant. R. introd. '31 bp fflfi 'an **! bx do not 
esteem the mashal lightly, for through it man gets at 
the basis of &c. Ib. '31 'a IP 115->1 X*ipa lb U5"', v. n:J"<ba. 
Ex. R. s. 40, beg. 'a taffl nimb BIX T^IS man should take 
an example (of the Lord). Pes. 49 a bot. '31 i333>b 'a it is 
like mixing grapes with &c. — nan 13*m nab 'a, v. nan a. 
pieced.— B. Bath. 15 a rtti 'a xbx ... ttfl xb 3VPX the story 
of Job never occurred, but was invented merely as a 
parable. Snh. 92 b ITU 'a nax (the viaion of the valley 
of the dead) was the truth of a mashal, (emended:) naX3 
nm 'a in the truth (the fact of resurrection) there was 
a symbol (for the redemption of Israel from captivity; 
Ez. XXXVH, 11).— Y. Keth. IV, 28 c top; Y. Snh. VIII, 
26 c top 'a3 nima rraSOtt . . . nt this is one of the three 
verses in which the Law uses metaphorical expressions 
(Ex. XXI, 19;XXH, 2; Deut. XXII, 17); Mekh. Mishp. 6 ; 
a. fr.— PI. n^biaa, nibiaa. Sot. IX, 15 (49 a ) lb^n a"*i naiaa 
'a ibll5la with the death of R. M. ceased the composers 
of fables. Cant. R. 1. c. '31 bl!5 imibllja the wise sayings of 
Solomon. Ib. 'a "nm didactic literature, opp. laT. Ib. U5P115 
'a three collections of sayings (Prov. I to IX ; X to XXIV; 
XXV to XXXI). Num. R. s. 14, end 'as DX T3...dSba HS1 
God spoke to Balaam only through allegories (visions). — 
Succ. 28 a "pbsnu m'baa (Ms. M. m'biraa, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 
1. note) fox-fables; ■pM'D 'a washers' fables; B.Bath. I34 a . 
Snh. 38 b (Ms. M. nbllSaa); Yalk. Prov. 947.— Gitt. 35* bot. 
nibaaai ni^X "SO copies of the Books of Job and Proverbs 
(v. infra).— ""buia (sub. nabll5) Mishle, the Book of Proverbs 
(commencing with the word mishle). Cant. R.l.c. B.Bath. 
14 b . Y. Yoma I, end, 39 b ; a. e. 

^nb'iJD tired, v. mbia. 

DHl 502 f. (b. h.; nbjy) 1) errand, message; substitu- 
tion. Num. R.s.14 innbiaaa mi nmi and he(Naftali)was 
zealous in carrying out his mission. Koh. R. to VIH, 8 
(expl. nnbllJa, ib.) '31 D1X "px ('there is no substitution 
in war',) none can say to the angel of death, let my slave 
or an inmate of my house go in my place. — 2) letting loose 
(by divine dispensation), visitation (of wild beasts). B. 
Mets. VII, 9 ; a. e., v. SXY. 





^bfe^jb^tia m. CV4 I) /brft. Targ. I Sam. II, 
1 3, sq. (ed'.AVil. JoS^a).— PL MH*^$^ Kr^JlBa, "vtfa. Targ. 
I Chr. XXVin, 17. Targ. Y. Ex.'xXVIM (some ed. 'a). 
— [Tosef. Sabb. XIV (XV), 3, v. next w.] 

EVADED f- (preced.) a tool for lifting objects out of a 
well, lifter. Tosef. Sabb. XIV (XV), 3 (some ed. Mf^ffla, 
corr. ace). 

D 3©Q, '12 m. (dVJ) completion, end. Targ. Job 1,4. 
— B. Mets. 67 b , a. e. pVw WW bV$J3 after tbe lapse of 
so and so many years, v. fctnsa'^a. 

rmDOT, v. rwawte. 

t : 

PriiyZjQ pr. n. pi. Mashmahig (P. Sm. 2245), a place 
on an island of the Persian Gulf. — 'a*7 KrW"iB tbe port of 
M., mentioned for its pearl fisheries. R. Hash. 23 a . Yoma 
77 a (in a passage omitted in many editions) 'tit '£ (ed. 
cited in Rabb. D. S. a. 1. JPhttJa, Ms. 0. a**iai»B). 

Jtf DiQIpQ m. (aaui) a sneak thief, opp. to a^aob. Ab. 
Zar. 15 b '3l' 'pDB'VH (00 (Ms. M. Xabsa Xaiaiaaa, Rashi 
'laiaiuaa) it refers to an (ordinary) thief who sometimes . 
commits murder to save his own life. 

EJIIQtlJQ m. (UJattJa) touch. Gen. R. s. 52 d^ 'a an 
illicit touch (of her) with his hand. Midr. Till, to Ps. 
VIII, 4 [read :] -prWnSK 'a xbi* .... QWbsn (ed. Bub . niU3>a, 
corr. ace.) those above (the angels) and those below have 
only (as much power as) the touch of thy fingers ; ib. to 
Ps. XIX waxK 'a "T3 ed. Bub. (ed. 13DSX "*T3, corr. ace.) ; 
Yalk. Ps. 640.— [Y. Ber. Ill, 6 d hot., v. ttiatia.] 

3?Ej02 m. (b. h.; 9&ti) 1) obedience. Sifre Deut. 357 
ref. to Deut. XXXIV, 9) T '31 bVtt 'a *|b fk there can be 
no obedience greater than this. — 2) ordinary sense. — 
isa'iiaa in its usual sense. Yoma 6l a 'as FOTa 'altar' in 
its usual sense (requires no explanation); "jSaiaaa a^jnsn 
'the priests' &c. ; a. fr. 

j/U\D't2 m. (2>att3 Hif.) intimation, logical conclusion. 
Yoma 42 b , v. Nb'ra II. — Esp. SatiJaa by implication, con- 
structively. Y. Erub. III,21 b top ; Y. Ned. I, end, 37 a , v. 'JfJ, 
—'31 25T1" 1 "'Six . . . iaS08) 'aa by mere logical conclusion 
from the text . . . , would I not learn that &c. ? B. Bath. 110 a 
'31 1BK3U 'aa when the text says 'the daughter of Am- 
minadab', do I not know that she is the sister of N.? B. 
Mets. 113 a ; a. fr. — PI. nisattJB. Y. Yoma V, 43 a top 'a 
"Jin^a they differ only as to the grammatical construc- 
tion of the text (without any difference in the law of the 
case).— WWS'O X3*^ -pia-iTi nisaiaa they differ only as to 
the texts from which the law is derived. B. Mets. 27 a ; 
Snh. 76 b ; a. fr. 

yiyyu ch., v. ami i. 

S20E5D, (^SjQttSa) m.(2>B12JI) hearing. Targ. Job 
XLII.Y Targ. Y.fGen.XLIV, 18 (Y.'ll some ed. niWBB); 
a. fr. 

S?JS?QOT f. (preced.) 1) (=b. h. r&jf&O) following, 
suite. T Targ.' I Sam. XXII, 14. Targ. II Sam. XXIII, 23.— 
2) (— MWattS) tradition. Nidd. 20 a rTOSOttfcM nhaVl whose 
own opinion agrees with his tradition(Var.rTT©aU53 T^asi). 

"OBD, Y. Shebi. IV, 35 a bot., v. iiaaxn. 

UJUJU m. (b. h.; *)Btt3) 1) guard, esp. a division for 
duty of priests and Levites. Taan. IV, 2, v. lasa. Hor. 
13 a 'a tt)jn chief of the guard. Taan. 1. c. im&taia b&OttJi 
'a the Israelites attached (as lasa) to that division; a. 
fr.— PI. P/hattja. Ib. Num. R. s. V; a. fr. — 2) (= rvniam) 
tvatch, a certain portion of the day or the night. Ber. 3 a 
'ai 'a b3 bs> at the beginning of every watch. — PL as ab. 
Ib. ; Tosef. ib. I, 1 nb^ba 'a inblU the night is divided into 
three watches. 

11112^12 f. as preced. 2, watch. Ber. 3 a '31 nilia&O 'a 
(at the entrance of) the first watch, &c. — PL Pinaiaa, v. 

rnjyiyD f. (b. h. ; preced.) guard, trnsf. (v. *rt5) pre- 
ventive measure. M. Kat. 5 a ; Yeb. 21 a (ref. to Lev. XVIII, 
30) ^t-fiattJab 'a 1ttJ3> make a guard to my guard, enact 
measures to prevent a transgression of Biblical laws. 

rflHO? f - CWJ -Pa-) filter, strainer. Sabb. XX, 1 you 
may suspend (spread out) a strainer &c. Y. Ter. VIII, 45 d 
<p Va) 'an a strainer filled with wine; a. fr.— Trnsf. Ab. 
V, 15 'a a scholar retaining what is useless and discard- 
ing the useful knowledge. 

^J12Vjl2 (v.'tttoPjtfSJO) to touch, feel; to handle, manip- 
ulate; to examine, search. B. Mets. 21 b UJaiaab iliBS dix 
'31 l&^sa a person (carrying money with him on the road) 
usually feels for his bag at short intervals. Men. 36 a 
"jna ttJattJaa he puts his hand on them. Erub. 54 b top bs 
na maiaaa U^HW ',ai as often as one searches it (the fig- 
tree); 13 ua&aa plS'ip.nttJ T"3 as often as the suckling touches 
the breasts. Sabb. 82 a '31 llixa ttJatiia"! let him manip- 
ulate (stimulate the rectum) with pebbles. Erub. 13 b 
WU3>aa laaiaai let him examine what he is doing, contrad. 
to JUSTUS" 1 search (investigate) his past doings. Keth. 12 a 
'31 PX UJattJab to be around (watch) the bridegroom and 
bride (in order to prevent deception). Snh. 63 b "piaaiaa 
" ( na they (the famished animals) licked them (begging 
for food); a. fr.— fctai'a to come gropingly, sloioly. Y. Peah 
VIII, beg. 20 d , v. ttjsia h.— Y. Ned. Ill, 38 a pBa©a»...rH#"| 
"pSOl if he saw the king's cutters come near and nearer, 
v. 51SJ5 ; ib. n&Ol PttatiJBB np^bl n&O if he saw the fire 
coming near and nearer. 

Pulpel UJattha to be attended to, watched. Keth. 1. c. 
'a xbia ba when he was not watched. 

©QL'/Q ch. same. Targ. Is. LIX, 10 (h. text ©IBS). 
Targ. Ps.' CXV, 7 (h. text 'ttJ"^); a. fr.— B. Mets. 21 b 
ina UJaiaaa i^iaiaa he feels for them (to make sure that 
he has not lost them). Ib. Ifia Uia'Jaa he has been looking 
after the fruits (which he was carrying, and found out 
their loss). Erub. 41 b WHIlt Ihb "VTiadab (not ina) tc 
make shrouds ready for them. 




L?Q£D m. (preced. wds. ; cmp. ttjaa) substance. Y. 
Ber.lII, 6 d bot. d^p imraiaa its substance remains visible; 
Wp y&CNfe "p« d^a (not rllBattJB, ed. Lehm. 'lUiaiaa) of 
liquids there is no substance left (when the spot is 
dried up). 

n^EjQUJQ/DlpSD f. (preced. wds.) one who touches 
everything, thievish. Gen. R. s. 74 'a SOJT1& n^sa IT*! he 
knew her to be inclined to steal, lb. s. 18 '2332; Yalk. 
ib. 24 '850; Yalk. Is. 265 'Oaa (Deut. R. s. 6 ram). 

"j'^/G, v. y&v, 

nj^jD I m. (b.h.; nsd I) lieutenant, viceroy. Midr. 
Till, to Ps. CXLIX 'a Nbl. T "px n"3pn the Lord has 
no dux nor eparch nor lieutenant. 

TljJl/12 II m. (b. h.; preced.) 1) repetition. hittJa(nfcd) 
niin the Book of Deuteronomy. Gen. R. s. 3 ; Yalk. Gen. 4. 
Meg. 31 b '21 'n 'aa«5 mbbp the curses contained in Deu- 
teronomy (Deut. XXYIII, 15—68); a. e. — 2) copy, dupli- 
cate. Snh. 22 a .— 3) = next w. Sifre Deut. 161 ; Yalk. ib. 
915 '31 N^a 'a 'a *r& vnn dia^n interpretation (of the 
Law, Targum) leads to oral law, the study of the oral 
law leads to discussion (Talmud). 

n3IZ;Q f. (preced.) repetition, verbal teaching by re- 
peated recitation; traditional laiv, opp. to SOpa. Ab. Ill, 7 
IPittJaa p^DSa interrupts his study. Ib. 8 IMlBaa . . rolWl ^3 
he who forgets one word of what he has learned. Ib. 
irOffla T»bS nspn his study was too hard for him. Erub. 
54 b 'a(n) -lid 1:^3 what was the order of delivery of the 
oral law ? Ber. 5 a (ref. to Ex. XXIV, 12) It nisani . . . rfrlWl 
'a 'Torah' means the Pentateuch, 'Mitsvah', the oral lav ; 
a. fr. — Esp. Mishnah, a collection of oral laivs, esp. that 
edited by R. Judah han-Nasi; also a section of the Mish- 
nah. Esth. R. to I, 2, a. fr. 'a iTid rtlUia the six Orders 
of the Mishnah; Cant. R. to VI, 4; Pesik. Vayhi, p. 7 a , sq. 
'an "Vtf, v. T\*}2. Ned. 91 a H318»1 'a the earliest col- 
lection, rt*WB 'a the second edition. Y. Keth. V, 29 d bot. ; 
Y. Ter. VIII, beg. 45 a , sq.; a. fr.— Y.Yeb. Ill, 4 d , a. e. ^3X 
'art, v. VF9&n. Y. Hor. Ill, end, 48 c '31 btt> injUJa the 
collection made by &c— Y. Ter. VIII, 46 b bot. TViaV'a S&1 
did I not follow the law of the Mishnah?; ib. njtfja 111 
d-H^dnn but is this the mishnah of the pious (who must 
act kindlier than the strict law demands)? — Erub. 62 b , 
a. fr. ipai dp ... '1 rouja the opinions of R . . . recorded 
in collections are merely a kab (few) but pure (incon- 
testable); a. fr. — PI. rftfltia Y. Hor. 1. c. mbrtt 'a the 
large collections. Ib. 'a dfl...Spiia Rabbi embodied (in 
his collection) most of the collections (of his predeces- 
sors) ; a. fr. 

(1**312 m. (preced.) Mishnah-teacher. Y. Maasr. Ill, 
50 d , v. -iQd. 

PsiJ ' t IJ ILD f. pi. (ijir) different directions of the axis 
of the eyes, squinting, strabismus. Bekh. 44 a li^da 'a the 
disqualification from strabismus is derived from &''ewo(Lev. 
XXI, 20). Ib. XWJiaa anua (corr. ace; Rashi : KTY^asia). 

DtDfe, v. rum 

^m n D®n, v. preced. art. 

D n 2£Q, 1 n 3H3Q m. pi. (= S**»St^a, denom. of njtiia) 
teachers of Mishnah. Lam. R. introd. (R. Abba 2) ; Y. Hag. 
I, 76 c , a. e. 'ai d^lSld teachers of Bible and of Mishnah. 
Ex. R.s. 47 '21 fWP 'an IflttTB that the teachers of Mish- 
nah should hold sessions in the morning &c; a. e. 

srmastfa v . vsmaw. 

r t -: : • t t -: • 

nJ5l25a f. (b. h. ; ")?tfj) crutch. Gitt. 72 b , sq. b» -jbn 
irOSlBa when he walked on his crutch; a. e. 

"")!/"kUQ m. (denom. of TSttJ) market-commissioner. Gen. 
R. s. 98T 

'lSlpQ f. OBO) wine-sample. Gen. R. s. 38 (play on 
nBtt, Gen. XI, 1) JWPd aVlDI 'a !*n this sample (proves) 
that all the wine is bad, v. N^Fda. 

nilSpQ f. (b. h.; nSUJ, cmp. n£d) family, kinship. 
Tanh/ed. Bub., Noah 24 (play on tWO* Gen. XI, 1) nnx 'a 
one kinship (all equally bad, cmp. preced. w.). B. Bath. 
109 b 'a WVyp 3X nnQOa the father's kinship is called 
one's family (not the mother's). Eduy. VIII, 7; Kidd. 71 a 
'31 rvo nnBttJa (not mnSiaa) a family named Beth &c; 
a. fr— PL ninaira. Tosef. Naz. I, 3, a. e., v. hV$j a. fr. 

"^~'w'2 m. (b.h.; dS'i) sentence, judgment; justice, law. 
Meg. 21 a top; Snh. ll b '31 W2 'a na as sentence can be 
passed in day-time only &c. Eduy. II, 10 '31 d^SlBI OBttja 
the judgment (punishment) of the wicked in Gehenna 
lasts twelve months. Tanh. Mishp. 1 nun l^K 511T bsn 
'an 3>3J "V^dSa &£k 'ad man VMlsb a man of might does 
not care to act according to law, but ignores the law; 

a. fr.— PI. a^dpa. Ex. R. s. 30 'si anb nrjTU 'an > +f> bs> 

through the laws which thou hast given to them, they, 
having a dispute with one another, go to law and make 
peace. Ib. 'an 13D3 . . . tVTiHn nirVS 'tpda in the morning 
the Law (religious principles) was given, and in the even- 
ing the civil law (Ex. XXI, sq.). Midr. Till, to Ps. XXXVI 
'31 'ab naxp "pX there is no limit to the judgments for 
the wicked ; a. fr. — Mishpatim, name of a Scriptural lesson 
of a week (Ex. XXI, 1 to XXIV, 18). 

SJ55E3D m. (T]Slz3) funnel. Kel. in, 8. Tosef. Sabb. 
VIII (IX), 10; a. fr.— Ab. V, 15 'a a scholar that learns 
and forgets easily, cmp. n'naaa.— PI. B"OWiSa, "p3Bda. 
Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. II, 7. 

JJSOQ m. ch. (preced.), KtrtfTa 'a outpouring (of tor- 
rents) from the heights, ravines; slopes. Targ. O. Deut. 
Ill, 17 (h. text max). Targ. Josh.X, 40; a. fr. 

rDDHjQ f. (bstj, cmp. Vrs) a'lvicker basket carried 
on a pole over the shoulder. Kel. XIX, 10. Tosef. ib. B. 
Mets. VI, 9; a. fr.— PI. nibBttfa. Kel. XXIV, 9. Shebi. Ill, 2 
yh "\rb blU 'a baskets (of foliage for dung) of a lethekh 
each. Ib. '31 'an b? "pa^dia you may add to the number 
of baskets (to be put on the dunghills) &c. Y. ib. 34 c top 
'an nx pViBi &6 he (the Israelite) must not unload the 
baskets. Cant. R. to VII, 3; a. fr. 




"""Hplft? m. pi. (ipttJ) guards; wftn 'a snail-shells. 
Ab. Zar.' 28 b ed. (Ms. M. a. Ar. ■npttia). 

HplEQ m. (b.h.; ttJSttf) frtftfe, ftgta'rf. Sifra Sh'mini ch.lX, 
Par. 8 '"pn nt 'a 'drink' (Lev. XI, 34) means wine. lb. 'a 
mio spoiled liquid; Pes. 18 a ; a. fr.— PL D^pttja, ?P^a. 
lb. 17 b fi*f nana "pxan 'a liquids which have become 
unclean through contact with unclean hands. lb. IXaiiSUJ 
'a nana vessels which have become unclean through the 
liquids put into them; a. fc-'kWBS n"0 ^^j, v. 

N"*na»a a. x^nana. 

•"Iptiq, ^ipto,v.^a. 

nblpIlJQ f. (b. h. nVppa; bp:s; sub. 15K) plummet. 
Kel. XXIX, 3. 'an am plumb-line. B. Bath. II, 13 "IMS 
'an measure by the plummet (cutting off all branches 
as far as they hang over the border line); Tosef. ib.I, 
15; cmp. rtaSoa; a. e. — PI. nWpOp. Kel. XII, 8 Talm. 
ed. 'am wftpttVroon (Mish. ed., a. ed. Dehr. nibp^a) two 
kinds of plummets (R. S. weights, v. bpttJa). 

^^b^ptL'D, N£)bpCT ch. same. Targ. Zech. IV, 
10;a. T fr. 

f]ip^Q m. (b.h.; tp9) cross-piece, lintel. Ab. d'R., end fffeaWl 'a the lintel, contrad. to hWpSp*. 

Mekh. Bo, s. 11; Yalk. Ex. 197 '31 'an . . . ninata htt&tt) 
our ancestors in Egypt had three altars; the lintel and 
the two posts; a. e. 

n ?1pM> 'ipttjE t. (z\pyi) knock, bruise. Targ. O.Ex. 
XXl', 25 (riot ■* . . .j. Targ. y! I ib. XV, 25. 

"'pliJD, fc^p'&ft m. ch. 1) =h. npffia, drink. Targ. 
Lev. XI, 34; a.V— Koh. E. to III, 9 D^an -wipiBa in 
(some ed. ^'p'ia, oth. ""poa) one hot drink.— 2) = h. 
nroa, feast. Targ. Esth. 1,3. Targ. II Esth. IX, 17, sq. 
s^pizia ; a. fr. 

Sr^plZJQ f. pi. (fp^) abominations, idols. Targ. 
Y. II Deut. XXIX, 16 'UJpa (corr. ace). 

3pt2}Q m. (b. h. ; bpyi) weighing, weight. Tosef. Hull. 
IX, 9 T 'aa 13am npV if he bought of him by the weight. 
B. Bath.V, 10 'al 'a V>3 \>2 as often as he uses the weights ; 
Sifra K'dosh. Par. 3, ch. VIII 'a 'a b=> ^S> (corr. ace). Ib. 
(ref. to Lev. XIX, 35), v. t y%fm. Ker. 5 a 'an 'a IW i<b 
'31 he must not use one weighed species as a weight for 
the other; a. fr. — PL nippjra. Sifra I.e.; B.Bath. I.e.; 
v. nna. Tanh. Balak 12 'aa^pttJai 5w|a (not nbisa) com- 
mitting wrong and fraud in weights; ib. 'aa 1ptt)a using 
false weights; Yalk. Num. 765; a. fr. 

nbpttJQ, NPlbpttja, v. nbiptfa, anopsia. 

■npra v. r$fr 

"IIZJD, v. Tim 

SHEJ2 I garden-bed; plain, v. sOtt^a. 

S1CQ II camp, v. -yya. 

JTTM f. (b. h.; ftyi) infusion; steeping; d^aJ5> W"$0 
infusion of grapes. Pes. 44 a '31 n"i^a *Hft this additional 
specification of mishrath (Num. VI, 3) &c; a. e. — Tosef. 
Shebi. VI, 25, v. n&*q3. — B. Kam. 102 a , a. e. tfVl htefctb 
'ab you may use the products of the Sabbatical year 'for 
eating' (Lev. XXV, 6), but not as substances for steeping, 
v. StaJlVa ; a. fr— Esp. a pond for steeping flax &c. B. Bath. 
II, 10 '31 'an nK "ppmia you must keep your pond re- 
moved from your neighbor's vegetable garden &c. Ib. 18 b 
KpTI 'a the legal distance between a pond and your 
neighbor's vegetable garden; a. e. 

^ltp_, v. *$a. 

H'OTH^ Mashrunia, in Babylonia. B.Mets. 
107 lj 'a' 1 3a(Ar. '3OT; oth.Var., v.Rabb.D. S.a.l.note6) 
the community of M. (to which the adjacent forest be- 

&C"H wE m. (■sya) slippery spot.— PL yw-Wto. Targ. 
Jer. X r XIII,' 12. 

bCVC'TTlpTQ (preced.) pr. n. Mashruitha, name of a 
peak.Varg. I Sam. XIV, 4 (h. text yxia). 

"HtpQ/Q, ^^12 m.^yd) camp, resting place. Targ. 
Y. Gem XXXII, 9. Targ. Ps. XIX, 5 >mQa PTftifyi Ms. 
VCT&Kj). Targ. Is. XIII, 22 TJtfrrOj a. fr. — PL Vpjty, v. 
next w. 

b^^J^l WltiU, *T®Q f. same. Targ. 0. Gen. 
XXXII, 9;— Constr.n^iua^n^a, 'n^a. Targ. Num. 
11,9; a. fr. — Pi. KVfttSft xn^-i^a, y^tta, '"^a. Targ. 
Gen. XXXII, 8; 11 (Y. 'pin^a, v. preced.). Targ. Num. 
XXIII, 10 ; a. fr.— Snh. 2#» sq. n^Ttta iSXa in the face 
of his camps (soldiers); BONH !}r}Wtf|te where are thy 

fcTIZn^Q, TPtyyfifi pr. n. m. WsharsKya, an 
Amoral Snh. 63 b . "Ker! 6 a ; a. fr. 

rntED, v. pfr&o. 

Tn^l2 f. ("11233) a depilatory substance. Naz. 42 a ^Sa 
'an because he might eventually use a depilatory earth. 

rntpTQ, v. rnoa. 

ri"i^/2, m. (b. h.; n^ttj) servant, attendant. Y. Ned. 
IX, beg. T 41 b '31 TWa '"i 'a I was the attendant of R. Me'ir 
on both his flights; a. e— [Ber. 63 b "pnnn 'a, v. rrna.]— 
PL DWM. Snh. 63 b Dl"aS TV^tfa idolatrous temple- 

VSUjH (b. h.; v. ttfoa) to feel, grope, search. — Palp. 
ttjaiaa q. v. 

$1DJ2 I ch., Pa. ttS^ISa same. Targ. 0. Gen. XXXI, 
34; 37 (Y.ttM»). 

1DUJQ II, NO£JE, '12p_ m. (preced.) substance, es- 
sence; reality. Targ. Lam. II, 14. Targ. Job XV, 3; a.e.— 
Ab. Zar.55 a 'a na n^ t"3»*J that there is no reality in idols. 
Pes. 4 b n^a n->i< 'a ■'-Pa •'Sni n^a« laK has their decla 




ration any significance? — Yeb. 102 b , v. fbn. Sabb. 152 b 
bot., v. OTSaa ; Yalk. Gen. 33 ftttJtfo. 

"jTlyljE, part. Eif. of WH q. v. Koh. R. to VII, 19. 

5X?iljQ m. (bxd) one inquiring of the oracle, augur, 
diviner. Targ. Is. Ill, 2 (h. text d6p). 

n?l©Q m. (b. h. ; MITO) drink. Keth. 8 b fi-WWKI hWtitt 
'3)1 as tbose before you drank (the cup of grief) &c. — Esp. 
feast, wedding meal &c. Gen. R. s. 53 trivia HtttJfi blia 'a 
'a great feast' (Gen. XXI, 8) a festive gathering of great 
men. Keth. 4 a , a. fr. 'an iai nsOUJ the wedding week. 
Sabb. 67 b 132b 'a niar gave a feast in honor of his son. 
Keth. 8 a dnsiJS 'aa dHS>3 the voices of the youths sing- 
ing at their banquets. Ber. I, 1, a. fr. 'an nil (the house 
of a) wedding. Deut. R. s. 1, end; a. ir. — Pl. niKCTIJa, 
ni'inm B. Bath. 91 a . Ruth R. to IV, 2; Y. Keth. I, 25 a 

*H\ 'a ninn . . . aisaanm mn ninb "jsoa from here (Ruth 
1. c.) this house (of the Nasi) learned to ordain elders 
at its banquets. Nidd. 16 b , v. bai; a. fr. 

T^ni^Q m. pi. (v. mnitta) foundations, supports; 
trnsf. faith. Targ. Y. II XXX, 11, v. rrtwo. 

S^pint^Q m. (prnc) silence. Targ. Y. Lev.X, 3.— Meg. 
18 a , a. e. "pinn 'a 2>bdn nba a word is worth a Sela, silence 
is worth two. lb.; Y. Ber. IX, beg. 12 d 'a Nbl=1 Ka6, v. 

xad ii. 

T - 

NT^rOS, 'E^Q f. ch.=h. nnba, drinking; feast. 
Lam. R. to I, 7 'al . . . Jtinia she remembers the seven 
days of her wedding feast. Gen. R. s. 3 . . IpSa fcON pi "p 
irfinuJial . . this is my order for my wedding feast. Y. 
Shebi. IV, end, 35 c ; Lev. R. 8. 11, beg., v. tfiayidilQ. Koh. 
R. to III, 2 n^nmaan at his wedding. Y. Ber. VI, 10 c bot. 
'31 nwwieb to the wedding of &c. ; a. e.— PI. Nniirittja. 
Esth. R. to I, 9 ■(inVilCTUa, v. 115. 

Xr^lPlIEQ f. ch.=h. mntia, foundation. Esth. R. to 
I, 9 (p T lay on d5 a. TlWI) [read:] S^n inUDI b\15 'a dil d5 
'331 level, level the foundation of Vashti, the time has 
come &c., v. daa. 

"^^Q web, v. anemia. 

"•F\£j]2, W70T2, ' n D -h.nnda. Targ.Is.III, 1. 
Targ. if Chr. IX, 20.' Targ. I Sam. XXV, 36 ; a. fr.— Sabb. 
152 a ibsa 'a drinking is more effective. Pes. 103 b IpS 
hiipiirjaa ninsi Ms. (ed. XiniBaa) he has discarded the 
thought of drinking; a. e. — [Yalk. Is. 289, v. next w.] 

"tfilZJQ m. pi. (preced.) horsemen watering their 
horses. T Lam. R. introd. (R. Joh. 1) (expl. iniiJ ntt, Is. 
XXII, 7) '331 "pinx 'a "pblK 'a one troop watering their 
horses went, another came, so that they appeared to be 
Very numerous; Yalk. Is. 289 iniBa (corr. ace). 

,rPrilpQ f. (denom. of nil), pi. WKJ; tpft foundation. 
Gen. R. s". 71 (play on San, Gen. XXX, 11) linstB ia an 
'3)1 "(r.inaa liab he is coming who is destined to cut down 

the foundation (idolatry) of the gentiles (Elijah the Gad- 
ite), v. V^Pttja ; Midr. Till, to Ps. XC, 1 dl"33> bU3 frfWIJB 
the foundation of idolatry. Gen. R. s. 75 (ref. to mniun, 
Ps. XI, 3) Jacob '3)1 nibil irYTKIJa XiniB who is the foun- 
dation and basis of the world; (Yalk. Ps. 653 dblS PW?8J, 
v. n*ni3). Koh. R. to II, 5 "pX btt) nriipira the founda- 
tion (centre) of the earth. lb. to II, 12. Midr. Sam. ch. 

fcCPTHDQ drink, v. KMPWffl. 

NTOfe 'TOT, Wta f. (intill) web. Targ. 
Jud. XVI, 13, sq.-Nidd. 58 a . Ex'. R. s. 42, end NniU'O titto, 

v. n3)&a II. 

SHlQritpQ m. (v. SiianiUx) acquaintance, friend. 
Targ. Ps. CXLJI, 5. 

nrT'Dn^Q, prob.toberead:naiF«l3am.(dnb)6orer, 
siphon— Y. Erub. X, 26 d top, expl. X?&t*t. 

DD m. (b. h.; Ma) dying, dead; corpse. Ber. 3 1 ' i3Bn 
nan in the presence of a dead body; na btti 111311 affairs 
concerning the dead. lb. 18 b , a. e. '3)1 nab nal ITOp the 
gnawing of the worm is as painful to the buried corpse 
as a pin &c; a. v. fr.— msa na, v. nixa. — PI. aina, constr. 
ina. M. Kat. 20 a m^aina, v.nixa. Ber. 18 b . Tosef. Sabb. 
VI (VII), 1 'an -pdb to the graveyard; a. v. fr.— Snh.55 a , 
a. fr. na IttattJa coition with membrum mortuum. 

SHE, v. WTO I a. II. 

MHj f. (=S<nxa; snN; cmp.dipa; Mand. MMtfDj Assyr. 
matu, constr. mat land, v. Schr. KAT 2 , p. 510; 568) home, 
place, town. Men. 85 a (prov.) blpU) Kpli KpT» nab Ar. a. 
Ms.K.(Ms.M.niab; ed.Kpli j<nab) carry vegetables to the 
home of vegetables ; Ex. R. s. 9 Xpli xnab; Yalk. Ex. 182 
xpiii 'ab. Sabb. i45 b bot. (prov.) '3)1 'an abuj ixattj 'an 
Ms. M. (ed. 'a fctbn) at home my name (will give me my 
position), abroad, my dress. B. Kam. 113 b 'a mat 'a in 
dns^a one citizen may be levied upon for the delinquent 
taxes of a fellow citizen. Snh. 112* 'a isn citizens (tax- 
payers, after a residence of twelve months); 'a inn" 1 res- 
idents (after thirty-days). Yeb. 17 a mn&ta, v. KiiBin; 
a. v. fr.— PL (fr. xnina, v. P. Sm. 2246) Nnlina settlements. 
Gitt. 7 a '3)1 X3J1K1 'a small Palestinian places. Erub. 21 a 
'3)1 l^bna 'a (ruined) settlements within a distance of &c — 
xidna xna, v. aidna. 

' t : - : 

"^"Q pr. n. m. Mattai (abbr. of ininna), Matthew, a 
disciple of Jesus. Snh. 43 a (in a passage omitted in most 
editions), '31 'a IttJib lb nin diTrabn nitfan Jesus had five 
disciples; M. etc. lb. (byway of play on ina, Ps. XLII, 3, 
a. XLI, 6) ina, v. ism.— V. sona. , 

.D"^rD m. (dxn) twin-; esp. twin-leaf, the central 
rib of a branch of palm-leaves. Y. Succ. Ill, beg. 53 c ; v. 


nQ n Sn3 f, pi. nia^^DQ (preced.) twin-teeth (bi- 
cuspids), molar teeth. Bekh.VI, 4 'an Mish. (Talm. ed. 39 a 

iVsara 860 


nalVi; Rarfhi'&tr'a; ib. in Gem. maltl, now) ; SifraEmor 
ch. VI, Par. 7 (Rabad to Sifra I. c: corner of the mouth). 

"vDSrZD m. pi. (cmp. absrv^), "vaim 'a bunches of 
garlic. B. Bath. 86 a , v. Kbai&a. 

SHXPQ m . (= xinna, v. intta* "nrj; Fyr. Nina, 
Nisona, P. 8m. 2256) rate, j>ofcer, s/joreZ. Hag. 4 1 ', sq. mn 
'3 n*ra 'a NaipS (Ar. niNina ; En Yakob Ninna) took a 
shovel in hand and raked &c , v. *yi, Gitt. 69 b bot. "^31 
'31 SOSina Ar. ed. Koh. (oth. Ar. ed. Nlina; ed. NlinB) and 
let him bring a shovel and put it over them &c. [Ar. : 
a board.] 

J m. (b. h.; denom. of "jan) s^ed /or sfraw &c. 
Erub. VII, 5; Tosef. ib. IX (VI), 17; a. e. 

^"^a. Targ. II Kings XIX, 3'; Targ. 
Is. XXXVII, 3. Targ. II Sam. XXII, 5 (h. text *$*?); 
Targ. Ps. XVIII, 5 (h. text ''Van). Targ. Ex. I, 16 (G. 
ed. Dien. 'a; h. text D^iSK) ; a. e. 

fcOSiTlQ m ., pi. fiana (ian) =b. h. a^iairia, breakers, 
waves. 'Targ. Ps. XLII, 8. 

«i?jZJ (denom. of next w.) to bridle. Pesik. Zakh., p. 24 b 
•ianaa nx, v. aba II; Yalk. Deut. 938; Tanh. ed. Bab., 
Ki Thetse 6 lanau; (corr. ace.) 

jriE) m. (b. h.) bridle, reins. Pirke d'R. El. ch. XXXVI 
(ref. to'naNn sna, n Sam.viir, i) nan 'aa nnst nax npb 

'31 he (Isaac) took one cubit's length of the reins of his 
ass, and gave it to him (Abimelech) as a sign of friend- 
ship (v. Targ. Y. Gen. XXVI, 31). 

Mrffl, ' n D ch. same. Targ. Y. Gen. XXVI, 31 (v. 
preced.).— [Sabb. 51 b bot., v. Wna.] 

rnsfim f., v. w 

fcOKTO v. jr«no. 

t -: : * T 

Srj n 3^Q, S^^nQ f. (3HJ) seat. Targ. Jud.V, 11 
rrqira ed. Lag. (oth." ed. nnma) constr.— V. Nna^na. 

S'TirQ, v. aoina. 

T T : - tt : - 

KminQ, v. xna. 

t t : - T T 

^"SHQ, TlTiD m. (KPN; cmp. fi^na) being carried, 
desire? T*rg. YMen. Ill, 16' Tpna (h.text -jnplW). Ib. 
IV, 7 ; a. e. 

SfriTO'inQ f. (bsN I) relish, preserve. Pes.43 a Wlp 
'a itvq '"b Ms. M. (ed. Nnb^sna lb la^lp) bring me some- 
thing to go with the meat. Sabb. 77 b (phonetic play) 'a 

tm xrvSin itia Ar. (ed. xi nbsn ina nnbisna, Rashi a. 
Ms. 0. '3ina; v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8) m., 'when will 
this end?' 

S-/02 m. (bna) poet.— PI. N'jbina. Targ. Y. Num. 
XXI, T 27 ; 6. K*bna (ed. Berl. K"»VnS)* Targ. I Sam. XXIV, 

14 K$no Bxt.', v. xbna. 

pil/U I pr. n. Mathun, 1) name of an A mora. Y. M. 
Kat. Ill, 83 b top. B. Kam. 96 a , sq.; Succ. 32 a Ms. M. (ed. 
■jDnii).— 2) name of a woman. Ber. 20 a , v. next w. 

"|irB3 II m., STO?!^ f. era) slow, careful, considerate, 
patient. Hor. 14 a , v. niljpa. Ber. 20 a (a proverb cited, when 
a person was fined for attacking a Samaritan woman 
named yina) '31 Win 'a 'a "husin ^axi m Ms. M. 
(v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.) that is what people say, mathun, 
mathun (to be slow) is worth four hundred Zuz. Tosef. 
Sabb. VII (VIII), 24, sq.; a. e.—Pl. B^na, "p31Pa ; f.nisma. 
Ab. 1, 1 y*ta 'a TBI be careful in judgment. Tosef. Makhsh. 
I, 8 'a fVn (E. S. to Makhsh. II, 4 nisinn) slow (inter- 
rupted) drops, opp. rtBa m» HBU; a. e. [Chald. ftX^, v. 

JiriQ, Y. Sot. I, beg. 16 b '3i -jina aba 'a -jina xbi, a 

corrupt., prob. arisen from a tautography of "jina, read : 
tVOfi* bttJ "ffl "jina xbl (v. Maim. Sot. IV, 18, a. Num. R. 
s. 9; B'er hag-Golah to Shulh. Ar. Eben ha-Ezer 178 sug- 
gests yha, corresp. to WHO in Maim. 1. c). 

^|1DQ c. fgR, v. XJlna) 1) reeky, foul. B. Bath. 19 b 
'aa when the straw is foul. — 2) (noun) 'a, KFl S tt T U f. reeky, 
infiltrated earth, lb. 18 a '31 tVUp 'a ground infiltrated 
(with urine &c.) is injurious to the wall. Ib. 19 a NpTtt 
'al the damage caused by &c. Pes. 47 b X3inaa Ar. a. Ms. 
M. 2 (ed. NrOIPaa; Ms. M. 1 fiinnaa) it means swampy 
earth (which cannot be crushed to powder). 

PlD^nQ v. -jina II. 
NFO^riQ, v. asina. 

t : : t : 

plHD I m., npJ^nQ f. (b. h. ; pna) sweet; pleasant. 
Cant. R. \o V, 16, v' Tpfi"; Num. R. s. 10, beg.; a. fr.— PL 
a^pirra, "pp-ina; nipina. Erub. 18 b ; a. fr.— Esth. R. to I, 9 

a^pina 131a, v. np^na! 

p iSTID II m. Bitter Apple or Cucumis (v. np^na2). 
Shebi. Ill, 1 ; IX, 6 'an ttJa^tt) 13? until the mathok begins 
to dry up; [R. S. a. 1. the juice of the dung].—Y. ib. HI, 
beg. 34°, expl. H51pS. 

HpiriQ, v. pina 1. 

Jj^riZJ m. Clpri) perfected, ivell-arranged, finished, esp. 
fruits properly tithed. Bern. IV, 7 'a tW the tithes 
have not been given of it. Nidd. 15 b , a. fr. "On ',iX npin 
'a 131XU3 iai .... N^ia the presumption is that a haber 
will not let go out of his hands anything not perfected 
(according to law); a. fr. — PL WJJWPO, "paWMa. Ib.; a. 
fr. — Yoma 71 a 'al . . . D^fi a prolonged, blessed and per- 
fect life. 

"^"FiriQ m. (bnpi) interpreter. Lam. R. to I, 13 (ref. 
to Esth. VII, 5) '31 'aVl W* 'ab . . T0K*| King Ahasver 
spoke to the interpreter, and the interpreter to Esther ; 
Yalk. Esth. 1058; (Meg. 16 a ',a31in).— Esp. a) translator 
(into Chaldaic or Greek) of the Biblical portion read at 
services. Meg. IV, 4 '31 'ab xnpi xb one must not read 



for the translator more than one verse at a time. lb. IS 
'»h ~'ZZ~ sVr "H3 occupying no more time (in rolling 
the scroll) than the translator requires for interpreting 
the verse last read; a. e— b)=X-iax q. v. Hull. 142 a '1 
'Oh rPS2£in. Ex. R. s. 3, end ; a. e.—Pl. D^wywra, "pj . . . 
Koh. R. to VII, 5. lb. to IX, 17. Pes. 50 b ; a. e. 

TDfpre, awfroq, "to <&. same. T arg . 

Gen.XLH, 23.— Targ' Ex. IV, 16 ;' a. e.— PI. p?OTne. 
Targ. IlChr. XXXn, 31. 

■PTinC, v. y*ii wo. 

"3iriQ m. (denom. of Sian) a group of nine. — PI. 
Uq qft nu Y. Shebi. I, 33 b 'a ',13'iJn the aggregate quantity 
(of one cake of figs) for each nine trees; v. B&WJO. 

nn2 (b. h.) to extend, stretch (cmp. "jtt», nttJO). Kil. 
VI, 9 '21 nitOU rtjiul I if one trains a vine from one tree 
to another. Sabb. 75 a '31 Bin nnian he who pulls the 
thread of a seam (bringing the ends closer together), v. 
infra. Gen. R. s. 3, a. e. '=1 ITrflO nil bWW laxn b6» lest 
you say, Michael stretched (the world) in the south &c, 
v. TJO; Midr. Till, to Ps. XXIV PROS, Y. Ber. I,2 d top 
';■ btV& ~ma D1X when one stretches a tent-cover, in 
course of time it becomes loose; Gen. R. s. 12, end; 
Yalk. Is. 314. — Gen. R. s. 10, end, v. Nif. — [Yalk. Prov. 

961 nrrto rexrb isio v. pra.] — Part. pass, nina; f. nnma; 
pi. artynva, 'pwna; nirona stretched, extended; (of a bow) 
bent; trnsf. (of judgment) ready to be discharged, aimed. 

Kei. xxi, 3. Gen. r. s. 35 . . . "tan 'a nn->nu fan ma nrw 

'zi Wmoi that very judgment which was aimed against 
Israel, did the Lord turn and aim against the Egyptians. 
Y. M. Kat. Ill, 83 c top '31 1333 'a fan judgment is ready 
against the whole family. Pesik. R. s. 38; a. fr. 

Pi. rr,"a same, esp. to straiten straps; to bring objects 
closer together. M. Kat. I, 8 yiWU/J rs you may also 
straigten (bed-straps). Ib.lO a WOO .. DXU3 fWttran 'you 
may stretch', means when it (a strap) is lax, you may 
straiten it; Y. ib. I, 80 d bot. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. IV, 10 
nPoafc . . p-3'na need ... stretching. Midr. Till. 1. c, v. supra. 
— Y. Sabb. XIII, beg. 14 a 'pTlS nnaan (ed. Krot. nnaan 
'I'triJL, corr. ace.) he who brings the ends of two pieces 
close together (by pulling the thread up and knotting it), 
v. supra; Y. Kil. IX, end, 32 d JTTTX U ' VU'J l (or ITOTOon 
Hif.; not VHIJl); a. e. 

Nif.r^i tobestretched,spread,draivn. Snh.38 b inna3 
1""^3X his limbs were stretched (shaped); (Ab. d' 
Tvrpro); Yalk. Gen. 15. Ib. 16 "p33im pnna3 Ttl (ib. also 
"prria; Gen. R. s. 10, end -pnnio) they (the works of cre- 
ation) continued to extend (develop). Y. Ber. I, 2 C bot. 
25-pnn rra"? (or nna 1 *) let the firmament be stretched out. 
R. Hash. 22 '' nasn bs Trna"] shall be stretched on the 
pillory. Y. Hor. II, 46 (1 WDpn IHJFIU? the bow was bent 
(euphem. for erection). Yalk.Ps. 796 3"innnnna3 the sword 
(of judgment) was drawn; (Tanh. B'midb. 7 n3UJa3; ib. 

ed. Bub. 7 naamj). Tanh.Haye3 pnnaral fbVn Wl 
'SI they would have gone on spreading &c. 

HUD ch. same. Targ. Ps. CIV, 2. Ib. LXIV, 4 Ms. (ed. 
iniSa, v! fOSn II).— Ib. L, 4; a. e.— Part. pass. rpra, WTW3 
('ma). Ib. VII, 13 ; a. e— Gen. R. s. 63, a. e., v. VXfn. 

Af. nnax same. B. Mets. 107 b 'flT'bW ^W^S D11UO for 
pulling their ropes (to drag boats), v. XCre. lb. '31 "'nnaa ^X 
(v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) if they can pull their ropes all 
along the shore, they will walk there. Keth.85 a , v. xb'^'X; 
a. e. 

Ithpe. Waamj to extend, spread. Targ. Job XV, 29. 

mnriQ m. (preced.) 1) extension. Targ. Ps. XIX, 5 
nna (constr.).— 2) tent-pin.— PI. X*nna. Targ. Y. Ex. 
XXXVIII, 20 (not srnna) ;— 3) (with KT*) bow-string. 
—PI. constr. inra. Lev. R. s. 5 (expl. "VP, Ps. XI, 2) «•«! 'a. 

S^nrQ m- fa*}', fimp- xbnin) the calyx surrounding 
the date "in its early stage. Keth.77 b .— lY.^nna. Pes. 52 b ; 
Ber. 36 b , v. ipilB. 

SnntjQ f. (nna) stretching; WlVwi 'a the borders 
of stretched parchment, distinguishable by their darker 
color. Gitt. 88 a 'al 'a Wa tW'T'l when the borders of the 
document are distinguishable (evidence that nothing has 
been cut off). 

m &T2 pr. n. m., v. "WW. 

n FiD, v. wo. 

n riI3 (b.h.) when? Ber. 1, 1 l BO Ar. (ed. ma^xa). Midr. 
Till, to Ps. IV, 3; 5 '31 'a 15 how long will you &c? Succ. 
56 b ; a. fr. 

S*P.D f. Part. Af. of xrx. Ned. 8l a '31 *!"£ 'a leads to 

(may cause) &c. ; a. fr— [X*rp, v. WTO.] 


fcTFl/C, iTF^ pi. n. m. (abbrev. of IWrP.a) Mattia 
(Matthew). Shek. V, 1 (Mish. ed. tTVVtQ}. Eduy. H, 5 (Ms. 
M. T*10). Yoma VIII, 6; Ab. IV, 15, a. fr. Win p 'a.-Y. 
Orl. 1, 60 d top nnm=i la 'a 'i. 

3TH3, Targ. Y.I Gen. IV, 8 pSX 'a, v. 23/a. 

WHO, XFQ YlQ I f . fan 1 ' ; v. rOTD") 1) seat, sitting, 
esp. school, academy; council. Targ. I Chr. XI, 25. Ib. IV, 22 
rz-r/z (constr.) ; a. e.— Ber. 18 b CSX 'n 'a the college of 
R. E. — Ib. XS^pn 'a the heavenly session (of the departed 
scholars). B. Mets. 86 a '3T scrpll 'a VlVoi and all those 
participating in the heavenly session declared &c. Yeb. 
105 b ; 2) the proceedings at college, subject of dis- 
cussions. B. Kam. 117 a "paSb VXtm 'a d^Oa he finished 
up (reviewed) the subject discussed that day before the 
scholars. Ib. inabl Trial ia "p'J" 1 ? study carefully the 
subject of discussion for to-morrow; a. fr. — PI. xrX3" i na, 
xna^na. Gitt. 6 a 'a X3^X1 "pno because there are colleges 
(in Babylonia). Ib. '31 mitJTUn 'a the colleges are en- 
grossed in their theoretical studies. 

fctPQ"^^ II f. (asm) answer, argument— PI. xnn^na. 
Y. Gitt. VIII, 49 c top '31 'a "pV^X ^3 the same arguments 
which &c. 





■pvq, v.i:na. 

S^D"^ f - (^ =r % W- of b«0 or "to; cmp. KjS'nga) 
apothecary's pot. Targ. Job XLI, 23 ilia ed. Lag. (ed. 
Wil. 'sna). 

Xrj^^ri/Q f.(preced.) basin. Hull.46 b (EashiKnb3itt3a). 

■prist pnn, ▼.ico. 

1^23, (l^riQ) m. Ch.-h. 'pnb, sZow, careful. Targ. 
Y. I Lev. XXIV, 12 (ed. Amst. fjtja; Y. II fmoj ; Targ. Y. I 
Num. IX, 8 ^Tia ed. Amst. (oth.'pna; Yr. II pna).— PZ. 
"ppha, (**■»). lb. Targ. Cant. V, 12. [The form fljha, -pnttB 


rima, v. ***«. 

t • : t 

M J ijlJ f. (*,na) deliberation, consideration. Gen. E. 
s. 67 '03 1ttJ3> lb sa Esau planned against Jacob with 
deliberateness (taking his time forrevenge); Yalk.ib.115. 

in J ij/j f. (preced.) slow motion, opp. MTTra. Gen. 
E. s. 10. 

NFlJ ijQ f. Qna) *Aa£ wAic/i is waited for, hope. Targ. 

Job xvii, 1 5 "Tiavaa. 

pTD m., ^^*na f. (pne) sweet.— PL ppipa, ipipa; 
"iP/na. Targ. Cant. II, 5 (ed. Amst. ^rra).— Meg. 6 a , v. 

Tl^VD f. (pna) l) swee* taste. Y. Ber. V, 9 a top — 
2) seasoning, relish. B. Mets. VII, 1. — 3) 'a "Oia sw?ee£- 
tneats, delicacies; sweet drinks. B. Kam. 85 a . Y. Orl. II, 
62 b top. Esth. E. to I, 9 D-pina 13153. Y. Ned. VII, 40 b bot. 
'a 131a boa HON OTVW1 ^a 11i3n he who vows abstinence 
from tirosh, is forbidden all kinds of sweet (unfermented) 
drinks; a. e. 

"FFiQ m. (ins, Bif.) 1) part. Hif. of in; q. v.— 2) that 
ivhich makes an object permitted for enjoyment. Zeb. II, 3 
'an the blood (the sprinkling of which makes the sacri- 
fice fit for eating or for the altar); a. fr. — PI. BT t na , 
VT^§. lb. IV, 3 ; Me'il. II, 9 'a "ft SPUi b3 whatever may 
become permitted through a certain act, e. g. the meal- 
offering by taking a handful for the altar. lb. Vnipia those 
things which cause it to be available. lb. 10 b lb ttTir 131 
'a Wlp-no is 3i">n I3is 'a a thing (sacrificial object) which 
requires an act to make it permissible, is not subject to 
•"^""^i until the things by which it is made available have 
been offered on the altar. — Bets. 3 b 'a lb W 131 a thing 
which may become permitted (being prohibited only for 
the day). B. Mets. 53 a 'a lb 13"nzj 131 tvb mn it would be 
considered a thing which can be made fit (by redemp- 
tion); a. fr. 

nDpTna, Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 c , v. ipSinia. 

i]p)12 m. (Tjns) cast metal; molten image. Targ. I Kings 
VII, 16; 23 (h. text psa). Targ. Is. XLVIH, 5. 

Sj?)D f., constr. n?Pia same. Targ. Ex. XXXII, 4. 
Targ. Jud~ XVII, 3 (ed. Lag. nana). Targ. Is. XXX, 22 ; 
a. fr.— PI. arena. Targ. O.Num. XXXIII, 52 (Y. -nvena, 

fr. 1=na). 

KrPb^SriD, v. KfcVwm. 

T • I - t : • : 

DJlZli 12 f. (b.h. npna; "j3n) measure, required amount. 
Tanli. Ki Thetse 9 D^MMJI 'a3 cmb35 plpn oaa; ffflO (the 
lists) in which their names were recorded with their 
daily task of bricks. Yalk. Ex. 182 d^Ssbn ni312na pi. — 
Ker. 6 b fnn313na3 pna mn DT b33 he might prepare 
every day the quantity of frankincense required for the 

STbria, v. nana. 
N?lb n 3ra, v. rarfcwa. 

t : • : - t : • 

rDf]/G f. (Tins) [molten] metal. Kel. XIII, 6 maiuan yy 
'an nx the wooden part of a utensil which is subservient 
to the metallic part. lb. 7 'a blU 1X132 he replaced it by 
a metallic tooth; a. v. fr. — PI. niDna. — 'a "ibs metallic 
vessels, utensils, tools &c. lb. XIV, 1. Hull. I, 6; a. v. fr. 

^£_WJ I ch.=h. b'Jall, 1) to speak mataphorically, recite 
a mash'al. Targ. Ez. XII, 23; a. fr.— Pes. 114 a pbra xbna 
'31 they have a saying (witticism) about it in the West. 
X. Bern. I, 21 d top; a. e. — 2) to banter, sneer. Targ. Prov. 
XIV, 9 (h. text yiV;).— 3) to place beside, to compare. Y. 
Dem.l. c. (play on niial',3) '21 -pb 'a -,Na nia lattJ guarding 
bitterness — who classed thee among the spices? lb. (play 
on 12313) '31 Tpbra -jxa , v. Kni2pi2.— Part, pass. b"ra ; 
f. Nb->na; pi. pbipa, ibpno; •jVvnj compared, comparable. 
Targ. Koh.XII,2; a. e — Hull. 59 b 'a X-njo is compared 
to a lion. — B. Mets. 83 b 'a xnms ixb are they (robbers) 
not like wild beasts? — Ber. 53 b , v. infra; a. fr. 

Af. b^nax 1) to recite a mashal. Targ. Ez. XXI, 5 — 
2) to propound a riddle. Targ. II Esth. I, 3. 

Ithpe. brands, binary, bina^x to be compared, to be 
like. Targ. Ps. XXVIII,' 1. lb. XLIX, 13 (not b^rax) ; a. e. 
— Snh. 95 a nb^naix nsi^b . . ne>33 the community of Israel 
is compared to a dove; Ber. 53 b xb">ra Ms. M. (ed. X^bna, 
nibna, corr. ace); Sabb. 49 a b^nax, read: xb*rBX; a. e. 

5PD I1,X aTG m. (preced.) l)=h.bda, parable, witty 
saying, riddle, comparison; by-word. Targ. Prov. 1, 6 (some 
ed. nxbna, corr. ace). Targ. 0. Deut. XXVHI, 37.— Targ. 
I Sam.XXIV.U (Bxt. X*bna, v. xbina). Targ. Num. XXIII.7; 
a. fr.— Y. Dem, I, 21 d top. Pes. 114 a , v. pieced.— Gen. R. 
s. 48, end lax 'a the proverb says ; a. fr. — 2) plausible 
reason, v. xbnax. Y. Yoma HI, end, 41 b iniimb '2 "Xsa 
offered good reason for their doing so. Y. Keth. II, 2() ( ' 
bot.— PL pbra, X'bra, ibna. Targ. Y. Deut. 1. c— Targ. 
Prov. I, 1 ; a. ifr— Snh. 38 b . . . ICH mn n^pl^SS l-'Xa '1 
'a xn?ip R. M., when holding sessions, used to spend one 
third of the time on legal subjects, one third on homi- 
letical preaching, and one third on parables (illustrating 
Biblical verses). Lev. E. s. 28 '31 'al y\">am nbn three 
hundred parables on the fox; a. fr.— Targ. IlChr.IX, 1 




S"rQ, v. xrrr. 

T t T* T T 

p t : - 

Dtl-jOS m., p/. bTcn'bna (b. h.; cns.cmp. crt) j?ro- 
fessing attachment, flatterers, hypocritical sympathizers. 
Sifre Num.85 (ref. to Num. XI, 1 [read:] =-::*xr":: "fx 
'-■ WTYI —-"X bWl pi '-= X?X k'mithorinim means like 
those who pretend to sympathize (with their neighbors' 
troubles, v. Uifct), and even so we read (Deut. I, 27) vatte- 
ragnu &c. '3"i TO3 d^na'TO ■"-■ WUTi "rro what does vat- 
terag'nu mean? They were speaking like sympathizers 
(with ref. to Prov. XXVI, 22) ; Yalk. Num. 732. Sifre 
Deut. 24 (ref. to Deut. I.e.) =— rx" ... tfOWPW Txbu 
_. /..„ ,-_ _...__... .-_ —--.3-7 which intimates that they 

sat in their tents and spoke words like sympathizers and 
formed crowds like sympathizers, as we read (Prov. 1. c.) 
.; Yalk. ib. 805. lb. '-= 7=--" -"TO (or zr'?r~z, sing.; 
iot en? r~ZZ) weeping and moving to tears like sym- 

Krayo, arena, v.-*roi. 

)"!■ [to stretch.] (cmp. "jix) to be long, slow ; to wait; 
esp. (of fruits taken off the tree) to lie over for complete 
ripening. Toh. IX, 5 '=" '"" CiFWVB that they (the olives) 
may lie over so that they be easy to crush; ib. WttOfBJ 
".::"-•;.• that they may lie over until they be ripe for 
salting; Tosef. ib.X, 10 DnbtflBri W^Bpa {Hif.) to let them 
lie over &c. 

Hif. 1'VHJ] 1) (neut. verb) to /as£, remain fresh, keep. 
Makhsh.YI, 2 "Trr ;--l~Maim. in comment. ed.Dehr. 
VnfVj that they may remain fresh (Maim.). Sabb. 
XXIII, 5 (of a corpse) IT-"- '■"--- I Ar.-rro-r, 20/1) that 
it may be preserved. — 2) fo keep, to let (fruits) lie over. 
Tosef. Makhsh. 1. c, v. sup: a. — 3) to wait, tarry, postpone. 
Hull. II, 4. Ib. 47 lj *3l tP ~'~ ";■"-" postpone his circum- 
cision until &c. Y. Pes. X, 37 d '31 "PROi IT^X (not fPMO) 
if we were to wait (with the recital of the exodus) until 
ic. Gen. B. s. 18 (play on '--Zr m . Gen. II, 25) ""."TOn X; 
'2' 'jl 1'PBJQ the} - did not remain in their happiness for six 
hours ; a. fr. — -i) to be slow, patient. Ab. d'B. N. ch. I X~"l" 
—-- '-." T": n" bar —z-z yvmq MX that man should 
be slow and patient in giving his opinion, and not angrily 
insist on his words. 

inU ch. same, to cause delay, to let wait. Targ. Job 
XXXII, 4 (h. textnr-). — Part. pass. fT-z waiting, detained, 
fr. which "~'2. "pna to wait for, hope; to be sloic. Targ. 
Lam.II,16. Targ.Esth.lI, 12. Targ.Ps.LVI,7. Ib.CXXX,5 
r-:-r-2 Ms. (ed. rWWa&J Af.); a. e.— Yeb.63 a t)l Z\t)'. pPO 
be slow in taking a wife, opp. "lEp. — V. "j'tMJ. 

Af.'pT'Z'Xto tarry, remain; to wait. Targ. Y.I Gen. II, 25 
(v.Gen.K.s.18, quot. in preced.). Ib. XXXI, 28 WttPBW X? 
thou didst not wait for me (give me an opportunity, h. 
text Wmi). Targ. I Chr. IV, 18 ; a. fr.— Yeb. 91 b rib "WK 
*"7 _x*5 she ought to have waited. 

5TO— -|nfc8, v. nxr. Targ. 0. Num. XVI,2; 17ed.Berl. 

"? « m. (b. h.; '-:) giving, gift.—rr-r --3 giving of 
the Law, revelatio7i at Mount Sinai. Ber. 58 a hot. Gen. 

E. s. 34; a. fr.— to =r '3 reward. Ab. II, 16; a. fr.— 3TO1 '3 
sprinkling or smearing the blood (on the altar &c). E. 
Hash. 28 b ; a. fr.— Zeb. VIII, 10 73-iX '03 rz~X "JWO blood 
requiring four applications mixed with &c. ; E. Hash. 1. c. ; 
Y. Erub. X, end, 26 d ; Bab. ib. 100 a . Ib. OffiSi '33 33~X ' - 
(Zeb. I.e. i"i:P.33) blood requiring four applications mixed 
with blood requiring one application ; a. fr. — '31 X3T3. 
v. X3.;. 

S;r.O, XDPQ, V. XP3FT3. 

T : - T T - T : - - 

S2riI3, n^PC pr. n. m. (abbrev. of m/TVO) Matt'na, 
an Amora. Hull.'42 b . Y. Taan. IH,67 a top; a. fr. 

S2PH c.(",:n) steaming, reeking. Pes. lll b bot. [read:] 
rftro '3TX (v. Eashi a. 1. ; Eashb. X:P131X, read X^r-ix ; 
ed. nana rr:r--3-x; Ms.M.'rrrro xrpronx, Ithpe!of'-,:p) 
while his foot is still steaming (from bathing). V. x:"r~. 

fcCrC, im 1Z, im \12 m.(^;cmp.xrr3. ; 3ll. tt.rmq) cord, 
strap. B. Bath. 89 a x:P"3 Eashb. (ed. P:P3, h. form) the 
cord of the scales. Men. 35 b top (ma) ifcrfa "', Tm \o 
'31 l nOB Eashi (ed. •BO ; Ms. E. 2 'TO3) whenever it is 
lifted up by its strap and it (the capsule of the T'fillin) 
follows after it (the strap not breaking). Erub. 34 a ITlrfi 
'31 XPH33 let him bring it down through the window (of 
the tower) and with a string. Sabb. 51 b X33?3 *POa hft ">SO 
(Ms. M. X3rYTO2, incorr.) a mere string would have been 
sufficient for controlling the animal. B. Mets. 113 b fftD 
tn X3r,TT **0 "tOXThe who ties a rope of moist flax around 
his loins. Y. Ned. III., beg. 37 d 'TO, v. "on I ; a. e. 

nji ; /2, v. preced. 

r'lTJH, v. x:rm. 

n«?113 f. (b. h.; ■;":) 1) gift, present, donation; grant, 
privilege. Y. Peah III, 17 d bot. '31 'a . . TO XTi irx what 
is a mattanah? All my property be given to — as a gift 
from now, contrad. to ^p-rx - "^. B. Bath. 147 a pMwb ""TO 
'2T S^Z'fi how can it be proven that the donation of one 
expecting to die is legal by Biblical law (without formal 
possession)? Kidd.6 b , 10 i-TOr "PB11 ib -"r TO a present 
made with the condition that it must be returned, is 
legally a present (the recipient's property for the time 
being); a. v. fr.— PL VtOPCQ. Ber. 5 a ; a. fr.— HZVTD nfaRO, 
v. ris^ns. — Tosef. Dem. II, 7 'pbTSS '"0 the priestly privileges 
outside of the Temple. Ib. 8 '"32 13 ©1 has a right to 
priestly gifts. Tosef. Peah H, 13 OHOO '- rr-x there are 
four gifts for the poor connected with the vineyard; Hull. 
131 a n"H7 PTDTO;— 2) (Lev. VHI, 15) sprinkling or 
smearing the blood (on the altar &c). Zeb. V, 1 PMX TO 
'31 "rro one of those applications if omitted makes the 
sacrifice invalid. Ib. VIII, 10 '31 PPX TO ?'.r'.T\ blood of 
a sacrifice which requires only one application if mixed 
with blood &c, v. "JITO; a. v. fr. — PI. as ab. Do. V, 3 3?3"iX 
'ST bs 'a four applications (with the finger dipped in the 
blood) at the four corners. Ib. 4 531X *,PUJ '"a ^PS) two 
sprinklings appearing like four, i. e. towards two opposite 
corners of the altar; 

"OrEZ m. ch. (' s :n)=h. *J9jg , teacher of the Mishnah. 
Keth. 8 b contrad. to •np-z.—Y. T^na. 





IT J?]Qi lT^F]Q (b.h.) pr.n. m. MattaniahJ ) original 
name of Zedekiah, king of Judah. Pesik. B. s. 26; a. e. — 
2) name of an Amora. Y. Bets. I, 60 c bot. Y. Keth. IV, 
28 d bot.; a. e. 

"P^i"Z2 m.^ana. Y. Hag. I, 76 c ; Midr. Till, to Ps. 
CXXVll' 'a nVi IBS fc6 neither a Bible teacher nor a 
Mishnah teacher.— PI. "pJ^ra, N*_3^3na, IT*3 . . . Y. Hag. 
I.e.; Midr. Till. I.e. p.3na(fr.'wa). Num.R.s.12 rWnWia; 
Lam. R. to 1,3 N*JSWJ. 

D n 2PQ m. du. (b. h. ; )Tm, cmp. S«na) loins. Nidd. 13 b 
Pirke d'R. T El. ch. XXXI '31 tWD TtW the girdle of the 
loins of Elijah.^nan.v.W'i?. Snh.IX,2;a.e. 

S^DiPQ f. ch.=h. rtSttJO, Mishnah, esp. (in Babli) col- 
lection of Mishnahs not embodied in the Mishnah of R. 
Judah, a8Boraitha,Tosefta&c, contrad. to pr^pa (abbr. 
'"Ona) our Mishnah, i. e. the Mishnah proper. Targ. Y. 
Ex. XXVI, 9.— Taan. 21 a "pITWaa ... Tl 'an 4 VWB fcCK ^N 
(differ, in Ms. M., v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.) if there be one that 
will ask me something from the Mishnah of R. Hiya or 
of R. Oshia which I cannot answer from our Mishnah. 
Y. M. Kat. II, beg. 81 a '31 K^n "rib W^S frYWQ our 
Mishnah needs (for explanation) that of R. Hiya, and R. 
Hia's needs ours. lb. '31 *TI mrvana the collection of &c. ; 
a. v. fr. — Trnsf. school, college. Pes. 101 b '31 *31 'an at the 
school of the house of Rab Hinek &c. (where Mishnah 
was taught). Keth. 1 04 a bot. ; a. fr.— [Y. Ned. IV, 38 c bot. 
'3i pnos -prpsna, read: "p^sra.]— PI. string. Ber. 25 b 
■HlfiK "p^lOp 'a the two Boraithas quoted contradict each 
other 1— Nidd. 33 b 'a Tim (some ed. Krrana) and he teaches 

"j«r,!2, *j3rQ, ?)Qpr.n.=h. y!52,Bashan,the country 
east of the Jordan, v. "jSnin. Targ. Num. XXI, 33. Targ. 
I Chr. V, 12 (ed. Lag. 'in, Var. ed. Rahmer -j3nann='a Tan) ; 
a. e. 

S3i"i2, pi. a*33na, v. p^jna.— [KJSSttg smoking, v. 

w T 

. NflJfiD, WAD, **?^3 f - zh.=h.ivnv, gift, grant, 
donation. Targ. Num. XVIII, 6, sq. lb. 11; a. fr— B.Bath. 
153 a '31 'a XTtri a deed of donation in which was written 
&c. lb. 40'"aYl XU^an the protest against a letter of divorce 
or of donation. lb. KPiTaa 'a a deed of donation intended 
to be kept secret; a. fr.— Pi, 'jSpa, Nrona. Targ. Y. Num. 
XXV, 13. Targ. Y. II Gen. XVIII, 17;' a. fr. — Sabb. 10 b 
fcOim 'a Ti^n the priestly portions from two oxen (Deut. 
XVIII, 3). Hull. 131 b . Y. Snh. II, end, 20 fl 'a T'3 the 
twenty four priestly gifts, v. H3l!"p; a. fr. 

ipjsrin, v. sipDBa. 

prD (b. h.) 1) to be sweet, palatable. Ukts. 111,4 IS 
sipina^a until they are made palatable (by pressing). Gen. 
R. s. 85 D3b pfia^ may it be sweet to (well agree with) 
you, v. DD2. — 2) to partake with delight, smack, gnaw. 
Yalk. Job 910 (ref. to Job XXIV, 20) ana fiai pnaUJ the 
worm gnawed at them with delight; Gen.R. s.33 IprPaB 

3fia na^ (Pi.) the worms did &c— Yalk. Prov. 962 if 
1-^r pria nmb shall finally feed on him; ib. 961 nma 
(corr. ace). 

Pi. pPFa 1) to partake with delight, s. supra. — 2) to 
sweeten, season. Tosef. Bets. Ill, 15 '31 ppnaa px you 
must not (on the Holy Day) sweeten a mustard mixture 
by dipping a live coal into it; Sabb. 134 a ; Y. Bets.IV, 62 c 
bot. Sabb. 90 a HTTp ptnab to season a dish. Ber. 5 a nba 
'31 PipFiaa salt seasons the meat; a. fr. — Trnsf. to pacify. 
Y. Ab. Zar. II, 42 a top '31 pnab 3W KWl he knows how 
to calm the great Ocean. Y. Meg. Ill, 74 a bot. (in a secret 
letter) '31 Hpnab ISttJpm .... Ian Tamar still endures in 
her bitterness (hostility), and we attempted to sweeten 
her (by bribery), 'but the melter has refined in vain' (Jer. 
VI, 29). — 3) to indulge. Yalk. Prov. 961 (ref. to Prov. 
XXIX, 21) '31 pnaain ">a bn he who indulges his passion 
in his youth (v. p3a). — Taan. 9 b , v. infra. 

Hif.p^-qTfto sweeten. Cant. R. to V, 16 (playond^pnaa, 
ib.) '31 Ditb 'n he sweetened (softened) the word for them; 
Num. R. s. 10, beg. 

Hithpa. pPiarn to become sweet, to be quieted. Y. Ab. 
Zar. 1. c. ppnana . . . a-ailE ns-'im when the waters praise 
their Creator, they grow calm. Gen. R.s. 13, a. e. tr^pPlOtlU 
D-nsa "|!l (some ed. 'naa, corr. ace.) the salt water be- 
comes sweet in the clouds; Taan. 9 b Ms. M. (ed. ppnaa, 
corr. ace). 

pPEl ch. same, v. p">na. 

Pa. ptna to taste, suck (v. preced.). Ab. Zar. 18 b Baa 
Nfin 'al xnn he dipped one finger (into it) and sucked the 

Ithpa. pWaTW! to become sweet. Targ. II Chr. XIII, 5. 

Sn^priQ f. (bpPiI)=h. ribipBa, plummet. Targ. 
Job XXXVlll, 5. Targ. II Kings XXI, 13. — [Pes. 50 1 ', v. 

5priD m. (bpp II) stumbling, offense. Targ. Is. VIII, 14 
(ed. Wil.'bpna). Targ. Prov. XII, 13 (not 'pa; h. text 
UJpia).— [Targ.Ps. CV, 37, read: xbpnab, v. Ppp II.] 

^pilD, SbpiTlQ m. (bpPi I)=h. bp/Ja, weight. Targ. 
Ex. XXX, 34. Targ. Lev. XIX, 35; a. e!— Y. Sabb. XX, 17 c 
bot. NTH 'a the weight of a Zuz ; a. e— PI. p?ppa, p'-pr-c, 
■>bppa. Targ. Lev. XIX, 36 (some ed. ")bp> ...). Targ. Deut. 
XXV, 15; a, e. — Bekh. 50 a XTVU bpnan 'a fHDS (not 

^bpnan) twenty times the weight of a (Tyrian) Denar. 
^r.5piTlC f. same, selling by weight. Pes. 50 l, -r , rx *cr 
'a Ms. M. (ed. 'pipna) 'the earnings of his wife' means 
when she goes around selling (wool) by weight (but does 
not refer to woven garments). — Pi?, "jbppa, v. preced. 

SrOplTiQ f. Cpn) a firm, decided solution. Yoma 70 a 
'31 'a rib nTQttSa K;(Ms.M.2 X2nna)(from the words of the 
Mishnah) you cannot arrive at a decided answer, but you 
must adopt either &c. 

MninQ f. (iOni)=h. rvy2-2, infusion. Targ. 0. Num. 
VI, 3 T (ed. Berl. TBS). 

] n "iriD, Koh. R. to III, 9, v. *$ Af. 




SD'T^, 'r$2 f. (rpp)=h. l-n^na, divorced woman. 
Targ/oiLev.XXI, 14. lb. XXII, 13 (Y. VtSVCfQ, not 1T»»). 
Targ. 0. Num. XXX, 10 (Y. 1TO); a. e. 

IHQnriG, Targ. Prov. VI, 30, v. nan, a. tan I ch. 
Srj^lQnnD f. (anal, Pa/p. of 0*11) subject for self- 

elevation, object of contempt. Targ. Ps. XXII, 7 (h. text 
Ita, cmp. preced. w.). 

S^HQ, v. next w. a. &W3pna. 

SPl^^rilG f. (yyr)) sustained version, a tradition the 
objections to which have been met successfully, opp. XPTOS'iha. 
Sabb. 121 b ; Pes. 99 b bot. 


J Nun, the fourteenth letter of the alphabet. It inter- 
changes with a q. v.; with b, q. v.; with 1, cmp. )"Ht a. 
nil; D^3d a. "pntn; with "■ as preformative letter, cmp.a^i 
a. 2S2. — 3 frequently inserted, a) in place of Dagesh forte, 
e. g- *?39«<Wa; yi*fl3 - a=') , h'TO ; — b) to avoid a hiatus, as 
tfWfc, *iny*l &c. — "J— , ")— , S3— afformative, e.g. "(Vta, 
K39T*. — ",, Nun emphaticum, as X^T^^^^T^i es P* 
epenthetic Nun between verb and suffix, e.g. "(13 X"2, Targ. 
Gen. V, 2; a. fr. 

3 as numeral letter, fifty, v. 'X. 

S3 I, m2 = IK3X. Y.Ter.V,43 c bot. 'SI X3 ^1X1 1, too, 
think T so. Y. T Ber. IV, beg. 7 a '331 mist* N31 and I gave a 
reason for it; a. fr.— V. fisn, N3^.— PL 'fr Y. B. Kara. II, 
beg. 2 (1 '=1 "jTaK "J3 Ma why do we say &c. ; a. fr. 

fcO II m. (also adverb) (b.h.; cmp. S3) \)hurried,half- 
done. Pes.41 a bot. SO 15SX if he ate it (the Passover lamb) 
half-done. Ib b X3 JOKTl baa 13ffii is subject to the law (Ex. 
XII, 9) &c. Tosef. Mace. IV (III), 1, contrad. to "ft Men. 
78 b N3 nara, v. W'jhj a. fr. — 2) slender, fine, brittle.— PL 
•p!*3; f. UNO. Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. II, 9 [read with B. S. 
to Kel. Ill, 2 :] ■p&OrTl iptairl (="pN3 '(fTl) if the vessels were 
heated but turned out brittle. B. Bath, 97 b (expl. niCQiS, 
ib. VI, 2) nilSiaal niN3 thin, but lined with pitch; Tosef. 
ib. VI, 3. 

fcO III (b. h.) I pray, prithee. Yoma IV, 2; a. fr.— 
Ber. 9 a , a. e. '331 X3X S3 "px, v. ttttS^g, 

S3&0 sootO). Lam. E. to IV, 8 (ref. to "ihtti, ib.) 

'3 son::. 

fcOJfrC m. (SOS, corresp. to h. Sp3, cmp. Syr. N3>a.3 P. 
Sm. 2 T 284) T sma# cleft, cavity. — PI. "\3iK3. Kidd. 61 a ; B. 
Bath. 103 a (some ed. " , 3^:3 t ; Ms. M. ^i-.H; Ms. H. 1353; v. 
Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note); Arakh. 25 a ^3^53; Yalk. Lev* 677 
^3W^ (corr. ace.).— B. Kam. 61 b top, v. X3JX2. 


v. ma. 

"H&O m. (*% v. TO) flying off. Sot. 45 b '31 Ki»n 
S^Eai it was the head (of the murdered man) that flew 
off and fell (at a distance from the body). Ned. 16 a nin 

'31 "ja '3 Bashi (ed. only '3) flew off from, i. e. rejected the 
reason given by A. 

nSD m., fl&C f. (b.h. ;«=h1to, v. Pft«) suited,becoming; 
handsome. Tanh. B'shall.ll '31 nmm '3 it is meet to sing 
unto the Lord. Sabb. 133 b ; Naz. 2 b '3 nsiO a handsome 
Succah; a. fr.— Ib.1,1, V.MjJ.— PI. DTSO, pi$3; MX3. Sifra 
Ahare, end (ref. to Lev. XVIII, 26 CPX DniaUJi) '3 orx 
*31 D^IEim you are the proper persons to guard them (the 
laws of chastity), because you opened (were the first to 
observe) them. Tanh.Mas'e4'DTpS<3 '3 on '3 nmimnVl's DM 
they are handsome, and their garments are becoming, 
they are suited to the land, and the land to them. Ned. 
IX, 10 *y\ nbx. ',n 'a MftXn n^aa the daughters of Israel 
are good-looking, but misery disfigures them. Sabb. 1. c. 
Sifre Deut. 320 (ref. to Deut. XXXII, 19) 15 '3 ano ttaa 
'3)1 because they are pleasing to him (he calling them 
sons and daughters), they are bold before him. Tosef. Sot. 

II, 3 '3 rHb'P she will bear handsome children; Y. ib. Ill, 
18 d bot. a^53; a. fr. — Pri^W f. pi. (noun) beauties. Lam. E. 
to II, 2 (ref. to niX3, ib.) apS« Vltt YTpjO bs all the beauties 
(excellent men) of Jacob. Yalk. Ex. 244 (ref. to irYOKl, 
Ex. XV, 2) 'al Vir Trta®! WWa *ihi» I will tell the ex- 
cellencies and praises of &c; ib.VnattJI TTfltCfl "Q1X; Mekh. 
B'shall., Shir., s. 3 VOX tTWOSa (corr. ace.) ; Yalk. Cant. 
988 maittai W*ba, read : Wi"<to > v. ^'3. Treat. Sof rim 

III, 13 '&& fitea mr*! speak much of his excellencies. 
Lam. E. in trod, end, v. <"i3ip; a. fr.— MN3 (adv.) becomingly, 
well. Tosef. Yeb. VIII, 4, a. e. tfjmn '3 preaches well, '31 
D^pa and acts in conformity (with his words). 

HfcO f. (b. h., v. preced.) marked off, distinguished 
place?— PL constr. rvi&O. Deut. E. s. 7 end SO fJWJI 'aa 
"ISO in the grass-covered oases around tlie well. 

T\tSJ to be becoming &c, v. rW. 

mW m., nTifcC f. (b.h.; preced. wds.)beautiful. Naz. 
1, 1 '3 Stnx Y. ed T . (Mish. ed. IT] 3; Bab. ed. HN3) I will be 
good-looking (let my hair grow, a substitute for *HT3, v. 
isira). Cant. E. to I, 5 Vf13» illI325aa '31 and I am beauti- 
ful (worthy) through the deeds of my fathers; ^SBa '31 
Vp beautiful in the sight of my Master; laiaa ^ax 'ai 
and I proved worthy in the desert; a. fr. 



SwIfcO pr. n. pi. Nausa. Erub. 83 a Bunios sent to 
Rabbi a modius '3 pi (Var. XBX3, XOT, XG31X3, J103X3, v. 
Rabb.D.L.a.l.note50) copied from the standard measure 
of N., v. XDlSip. — [Perh. our w. is vao; temple where the 
standard measures were kept.] 

^j^s^s:, v.sub'^?. 
ni&o, v. p«t 

"S3, JlSD (b. h.; crap. Wis) to be becoming, handsome. 

Pi. iiiO? to beautify, decorate. Succ. 10 a WniftUb to de- 
corate it (the Succah) ; a. e. 

Nif. rW3, Hithpa. rlWPrl 1) fo adorn one's self. Naz.2 1 ' 
(ref. to 1rt13X1, Ex. XV, 2) '31 V3Bb rixsx I will adorn myself 
before him with good deeds; Sabb. 133 b '31 FlX3nn adorn 
thyself before him &c. R. Hash. 26 a rT^SW; ?n XB1H a 
sinner must not adorn himself (when appearing before the 
Lord to ask forgiveness). Gen. R. s. 1 6 (play on hl^S) DiilO 
bxillJia tvittSPM (not nxsn^) they (the goverments) adorn 
themselves with what they take from Israel; a. e. — V. 
rTO I. — 2) (cmp. fiDn Nif, a. Ms) fo fce pleased, to enjoy, 
make use. R. Hash. ll a beautiful trees "03 "jro nix3 T nrfc 
BIX (Ms. M. Irta rflJirfc) for men to enjoy their beauty. 
Snh. 21 b 'ai^tba nX3m xbuJ that he make no use of a copy 
that his fathers have written ; (Tosef. ib. IV, 7 M"P XrHU 


□ n SD, part, of 013.— fb"WS, pX3 pi. of !1X3, a. X3 y II q. v.] 

S Jt$2 I m. ("vsa II, v. P. Sm. 2260) lamenting, holding. 
Snh. 59 b '3 111X" 1 (Rashi n!:X3 111^; Yalk. Gen. 15 RBM3 pin), 
v. Mf|r*n, 

fctbXJ II» nb^m.(^,^,v.P.Sm.2260)l)/ , a%Me, 
heavy load; cmp/xs^X. Targ.Y.Deut.XXI,3 p^B xVl 
TBI 113S12J '33 Ar .] read : xniBX X^l ISM n^5 p^B X^l 
'33 (T31 Ti3"'i3 being a gloss interpreting xbx3) ; cmp.Targ. 
Y. Num. XIX, 2. — 2) incubus, asthma believed to be caused 
by a demon D^D3 p. Bekh.44 b (ref. to ttisp nil or n^ixp, 
Mish. ib. VII, 5) nbx3 m^3 "UK) Ar. (Rashi n;X3 orrtxs, read 
iibiC ; missing inTalm. ed.) what is it? Nala. [Prob. version : 

'di bt-bs p rm N3n '3 yn '3 wa ^xa.] 

DS^I to speak, v. BW. 

OCym. (b. h.; "JOK) faithful, trustworthy. Ber. 60 a , 
v. XSil i; a. fr.— Esp. neeman, one who can be relied upon 
in matters of tithes and T'rumah; cmp. 13n. Dem.II, 2; 
Tosef. ib. II, 2 '31 '3 P1T& *r£s bspan he who takes upon 
himself the obligations of a neeman, must give tithes both 
of what he eats &c. Dem. IV, 6; a. fr.— PI. 0*53X3, p33X3. 
Tanh. Vayesheb 5 ; a. fr. 

^fcObO f. (a corrupt, from mamma, [at] ; cmp. Syr. 
W3, P. Sm. 2387) mammy, aunty, old maid, slave. Sot. 42 b 
(ref. to D"C3i"i lU^X, I Sam. XVII, 4 a. 23, with play onnilSB 
ib., as if ni"p nxa) '3 Xini *BS nxa 13 (Rashi <*ttl . . . 
'3 -ini; Yalk. Sam. 125 *X3X3 ITU; Ar. ed. Koh. s. v. p: 

'3 mi *XSXB . . .) Goliath was the son of one hundred 
papae (fathers) and one old maid ; [Rashi: '3 *IM1 and one, 
the real parent; Tosaf. a. Ar. '3 mi and one dog ; v. Ruth 
R. to I, 14, a. Midr. Sam. ch. XX]. 

5"|S3 (b. h.) to be unchaste, voluptuous, esp. to have 
illicit intercourse; to commit adultery. Lev. R. s.23 (ref. 
to Job XXIV, 15) [read:] qxi3 SorTO *a b3U laxn l6ffl 
C]X13 X1p3 WW3 C)X13 '*BX 0X13 X1p3 1E133 do not say, he 
only who is unchaste with his body is called a noef, 
but even he who is unchaste with his eye &c. ; Pesik. R. 
s. 24 (corr. ace.) ; a. fr. — Esp. pxis adulterer, paramour ; 
f. nsxis adulteress. Ib. Num. R. s. 9 ; Tanh. Naso 4; a. fr. 

PL OX*? same. Pes. 113 b OK 3a pi a lewd old man. 
Nidd. 13 b *P3 &"*8MOh who commit masturbation. Ex. 
R. s. 31, end, a. e. (prov.) '31 0*msn3 nE&Oa she prosti- 
tutes herself for apples and distributes them among 
the sick, v.