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Full text of "Dictionary of the Tebele & Shuna languages, with illustrative sentences and some grammatical notes. Compiled and prepared by W.A. Elliott"

^■^:.v' • 



DICTIONARY 



OF THE 



TEBELE & SHUNA LANGUAGES 



WITH ILLUSTRATIVE SENTENCES AND SOME 
GRAMiMATICAL NOTES 



COMPILED AND PREPARED BY 

W. A. ELLIOTT 

Xon^on /Riasionarg Society 



Printed for the Author by 
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PREFACE 



In offering these vocabularies to the inhabitants of Zarabesia, 
I am conscious in very lively fashion of their many imjierfec- 
tions ; but I hope, nevertheless, they may be of some service 
in the new country. Any first attempt at reducing to writing 
a new language and dictionary-making must necessarily be 
tentative, and I shall be quite satisfied if my efforts prove of 
value to future workers in the same field. When one reads 
the statements of such men as Dr. Worcester, who in the 
preface to his Dictionary wrote, " No amount of labour, re- 
search, care can render such a work free from errors and 
defects," or of Dr. Young, who, after the publication of his 
Analytical Concordance to the Bible, involving thirty years 
labour, and " striving in every way to avoid errors," tells how 
a critic pointed out to him that the words " Holy Ghost " had 
been omitted, it may readily be understood that my hopes for 
the accuracy of my book do not run very high. 

The Tebele language is of course only a variety of the 
Zulu, but the Shuna is practically an unknown tongue. The 
Rev. A. M. Hartmann's Dictionary and Grammar, printed 
while this work was under revision, are in what may be 
called the Gomo dialect, with its strongly marke<l gutturals. 
The Matebele call the Mashuna of the Salisbury country 
AmaGomo — the hill people. Besides this dialect may be 
mentioned the Loze or Nyai, Kalafia, and Sbaflgwe, with 



( vi ) 

many lesser variants. The present reduction to writing of 
the indigenous speech of Zambesia is an attempt to present a 
written basis for the Shuna language as a whole, from which 
the peculiarities of the different dialects may be observed. 

In the sentences at the end of the volume and in the 
Notes on Grammar will be found a few examples of dialect 
differences, but generally no note has been taken of these on 
account of inadequate knowledge. The aid of all settlers in 
Southern Zambesia is requested in the preparation of a really 
satisfactory dictionary of the language of the Mashuna. 
Notes in the margin of the vocabularies on any peculiarities 
of speech, observed and examined with care, would be of 
great value. Attention may be called especially to the 
examination of new words, of new meanings and forms of 
already recorded words, of variations in prefixes of nouns 
from those here set forth, of the use of double prefixes, of the 
past and perfect tenses indicative of the verb, and generally 
the moods and tenses, and idiomatic expressions, in which 
the Shuna language is believed to be very rich. Interleaved 
copies of this Dictionary may be obtained from Messrs. 
Whiteley & Walker. A valuable foundation in grammar 
has already been laid by Fr. Hartmann. 

Thde orthography adopted here is different in some respects 
from that used by Fr. Hartmann ; but after fourteen years' 
residence in Matebele Land, I had fixed my spelling before his 
Was printed, and I see no reason to make alteration now. 

Different types have been used for the two languages, 
clarendon for the Tebele, and small capitals for the Shuna, 
throughout the book. This, it is hoped, will conduce to 
clearness. 

The apposition of Tebele and Shuna words in Vocabulary I. 
does not imply any corresix)ndence of meaning in those words. 



( vii ) 

Justification for the use of the terms Tebele and Shuna 
will be found in their adoption by the Rev. Fr. Torrends in 
his monumental, Comparative Grammar of tJie Bantu Ijan- 
ijuages. Moreover, if Zulu, why not Tebele, Shuna, Kalafia, 
etc. ? Some day we may come to speak of Tebele Land and 
Shuna Land, just as we now speak of Zululand, Swaziland, and 
Tongalaud ; but it is I fear too much to expect for the present. 
It is hoped, hQJ^'ever, that with increasing knowledge such 
abominations as " the Matebele«," " a Afatebele," etc., will 
cease. Fancy, " the Englishmen^ " ! " an Englishmen " ! ! 

The few notes on grammar, very elementary in character, 
have been added in the hope that they may be of service 
to beginners in the study of these languages, so radically 
different from any of those of Europe. 

Some use has been made of Fr. Hartmann's Vocabulary, 
and a few words taken therefrom, for which acknowledgment 
is here made. Thanks are also due to the Rev. C. D. Helm 
for the list, "Colours of Cattle," and other useful help; to 
F. C. Selous, Esq., for his authoritative revision of the Tebele 
and Shuna names of the larger game. Grateful acknowledg- 
ment also must be made to Mrs. Elliott, Miss Hart, and the 
Rev. D. Carnegie for much assistance in the wearisome task 
of the collation of words, and in other ways. 

W. A. E. 



FLOREAT ZAMBESIA! 



CONTENTS. 



I 







PAOK 


1. 


Notes on Gram^ur 


xi 


2. 


Vocabulary— English, Tebele, Shuna 


1 


3. 


„ Tebele, English . 


. 180 


4. 


„ Shuna, English 


. 258 


5. 


Illustrative Sentences .... 


. 399 



ix 



SOME NOTES ON GEAMMAE. 

TEBELE AND SHUNA. 



THE ALPHABET. 

With one exception (h in Shuna q.v.)^ each letter lias one 
sound and one sound only. Every letter of a word is pro- 
nounced. The accent is always on the last syllable but one. 

A A as in father. 

B B as in boi\e. In some Shuna dialects b becomes w, or dis- 
appears : e.g. BONA, woxA, o.\A = see. 
C — a click. It is the familiar sound of pity or vexation so 
often heard in English, It is produced bj' pressing the 
end of the tongue to the root of the front top teeth, 
and forcibly withdrawing it. 
D D as in rfale. Some Shuna dialects have a nasal d, as if 
composed of dn, combined into one sound and spoken 
through the nose. 

as in Ute. 

as in /at. Often associated with P in Shuna (pf). 

as in ^ret ; always hard. 

in Tebele, aspirate or guttural, apparently according to 
individual taste. In Shuna, aspirate, guttural only 
after b, m, k. 

as in machme. 

as in join. Dz of Shuna becomes J in Loze (a dialect of 
Shuna). 

as in k'lW. 

as in lot. R of Shuna becomes L in Loze. 

as in 7/1 ay. 

as in vaU. 

as nff in k'viff. lly=?i// in liw//er. 

as in no. 

xi 



£ 


E 


F 


F 





G 


H 


H 


I 


I 


J 


J 


K 


K 


L 


L 


M M 


f 


N 









P P as in /?at. 

Q — a click. It is produced by pressing the end of the tongue 

against the arch of the palate and forcibly withdrawing 

it. 
— R as in rat. In Tebele l takes its place. 
S S as in .sat. Note the peculiar hissing sound (sw) in some 

Shuna words, e.g. swiqk. 
T T as in ^at. 
U U as 00 in fool. 

V V as in 7;at. Often associated with b in Shuna (bv). 
W W as in ica.s. Compare b. 

X — a click. It is like the sound in a carter's mouth when 
he urges on his horses. It is produced by pressing the 
end of the tongue against the side teeth and suddenly 
withdrawing it. 

Y Y as in ?/et. 

Z Z as in 2one. Often associated with d and with w in Shuna 
(Dz, Zw). 

HL — It is an aspirated l (Welsh ll), not shl, nor thl. It is 
imitated by some Mashuna, especially Baloze. 

DHL — Let the student try to sound a d before his aspirated l, 
and he will probably succeed fairly with this com- 
bination. 

TL — Wholly indescribable, almost unattainable, and very 
seldom used. 

TJ TJ as ch in church. 

— ZH as z in asure. Corresponds to the sh in she. Among 

the different Shuna tribes it oscillates between z, 
ZH, and J. 

— MNW\are forms of the syllable mu into which a nasal n has 

— MNR J crept when occurring before a vowel, e.g. mnwana= 

MU-ANA, child ; mnrandu = MU-ANDU, wind. Pro- 
nunciation may give some trouble, but give each 
letter its full force, and here as always carefully 
observe the native speech. 

It is very often impossible, both in Tebele and in Shuna, to 
distinguish between p and b, t and d, k and (i, f and v', pf and 
BV, s and z. In fact the natives vary in their rendering of the 
same word. In many cases a new sign for a letter occupying a 
middle position in each pair given above would be convenient. 
Hence when the student hears b, let him not conclude the text 
wrong because p appears. 



( xiii ) 



THE CONCORD. 

'• The concord between the substantive and all verbs, pronouns 
and adjectives relating to it in any sentence forms a first prin- 
ciple in all Bantu languages. It is established by means of 
prefixes which are repeated under forms, sometimes identical, 
sometimes modified before every expression which has to agree 
with the noun in question. From the following illustration it 
will be seen that the noun prefix forms the basis of this con- 
cord." 

f'wjfana icsike tea. i bulala eukonyana 2/ihle ^/enkomo zmii- 
yama //ako. 
J/lisana ?rAKE (or j^aue) wk i buraya muru j/a ka naka 

l/ENOMBE /TE.MA ^AKO (or t/Ayo). 

His son killed the beautiful calf of your black cow. 



THE PREFIXES. 

The Tebele and Shuna languages, in common with the other 
members of the Bantu famil3', distinguish their nouns by pre- 
fixes or classifiers. Variety in these produces classes of nouns, 
of which there are eight in Tebele and ten in Shuna. The 
prefixes are, for the singular number, ww, ri or //, 7J, si or fjt\ 
ru or III, J%a ; for the plural number, ba, o, mi, ma, zin or dzin, 
zwi, tu ; for both numbers hu, gu, pa. 

They may be coupled together to form classes, thus, the 
singular being followed by the plural : — 

Teb. mu-ba, ma-mi, lima, n-zin, si-zi, lu-zin. 

Sh. MIMtA, MU-MI, UI-MA, N-DZIN, TJI-ZWI, RU-DZIN, KA-TU. 

Some few irregularities and difierences occur, but they need 
not be noticed here. 



THE ARTICLE. 

The article is represented in Tebele by one of the vowels a, 
i, or u, standing immediately* before the prefix, thus — 
u-mn, i-li, i-n, i-si, u-lu; aba, i-mi, a-ma, i-zin, i-zi; u-bu, 



"fh 



he article is absent in Shuna, but traces of it or its influ- 



ence remain, e.y. — 

NDA BONE TJINU^NDA BONA ITJINU, the A of BONA COaloSClDg 

with the lost article i of itjinu, to form b. 



( xiv ) 



THE NOUN. 
Table op Noun Classes. 



Pbspix. 


Tebsle. 

1 


Shuita. 


Bhslibh. 


8. P. 


Singular. 


Plural. 


Singular. 


Plural. 




mu-ba 


u-mu-ntu 


a-ba-ntu 


1 

1 MU-NU 


BA-NU 


person 


mu-mi 


u-mu-dwa 


i-mi-dwa 


i MU-HWE 


MI-HWB 


crack 


li-ma 


i-li-kuba 


a-ma-kuba 


RI-BADZA 


MA-BADZA 


hoe 


n-zin 


i-n-komo 


i-zin-komo 


N-GOMBE 


DZIN-GOMBE 


beast 


Sl-Zl 


i-si-ja 


i-zi-ja 


TJI-DYA 


ZWI-DYA 


vessel 


lu-zin 


u-lu-hlobo 


i-zin-hlobo 


RU-DZI 


DZIN-DZI 


species 


ka-tu 






KA-NA 


TU-NA 


child 


ba 


n-bu-tjani 




BU-HWA 




grass 


gu 


u-gn-dhla 




GU-DYA 




food 


pa 






I PA-ZWIMBO 




wale 



Notes on Noun Classes. 
Mu-Ba. 
Various forms of prefix — 

TEBELE. SHUNA. 

Sing. Umu, nm, u. mu, mo, u, mnu, mnr. 

Phir. Aba, o. ba, wa. 

The Tebele u-o may be considered a sub-class. 

This class mainly comprises names of persons, nouns relating 
to persons, with a few names of animals. 

In Tebele, when a common noun is taken as the name of a per- 
son, the article (not the whole prefix) is changed, if necessary, 
to u, that being the prefix used for all personal names, e./y. 
A-ma-zwi (words), being taken as a name, becomes U-mazwi. 

Mu-Mi. 

Various forms of prefix — 

TKBKLE. SHUNA. 

Sing, umu, urn. mu, mo, m, mnt, mnr. 

Pitir. imi, im. mi, m. 

Hence in Shuna singular and plural forms are sometimes 
alike, e.g., sing. m(u)oyo, heart ; plur. m(i)oyo, hearts. 

Many names of trees, and generally things like trees in form, 
or connected with vegetable life, belong to this class. 



( XV ) 

Li-Ma. 

Various forms of prefix — 

TFBKLK. 8HUNA. 

Sing, ill, li, i. ri, i, and absent. 

Phir. ama, ma. ma. 

The notion of hardness or unproductiveness is supposed by 
some to characterize nouns of this class. 

N-ZiN. 

Various forms of prefix — 

TFBELB. 8HUNA. 

Sing, in, im. n, m, i. 

Plur. izi, zi, izin, zin, izim, dzi, zr, dzin, zin, dzim, zim, 

zim, in, im. n, m, ji, jim, jin. 

"Many names of animals and artificial objects belong to this 
class." 

Lu-ZiN. 

Various forms of prefix — 

TEBELE. 8HUNA. 

Sing, nln, In. ru, rhu. 

J^lur. Same as plural of n-zin class. 

A notion of length is ascribed to nouns of this class. 







Tji-Zwi. 




Various forms of prefix- 


- 




Sing. 
Mur. 


TF.BKLE. 

isi, si. 
izi, zi. 


TJI. 
ZWI, 


8HUNA. 
DZI. 



This class often has a diminutive signification, e.g. tji-oomo, 
a little hill. 

Tji is used as prefix to the imperative to give additional 
emphasis to an order or direction. 

Tji is sometime? used as a prefix to denote the language of 
the country referred to by the root word. 

Ka-Tu. 
Not belonqrinp to Tebele. It has a diminutivo meaning, e./;. 
MU-ANA, a child : ka-na ( = ka-ana), a little child. 
Father Torrends, in his Bantu Grammar, says: " We must con- 



( xvi ) 



sider as belonging to the class ka such words as KAMUE=once. 
For though from an European point of view we might consider 
them adverbs, they are nevertheless true substantives from the 
Bantu standpoint. In Kaffir (and Tebele) the classifier ka has 
been retained exclusively for such words." 

Bu. 
Various forms of prefix — 

TEBELE. SHtJNA. 

Sing, and Flur. Ubn, bu. Bu, bh(u), hu, u, wu. 

Names of qualities and abstract nouns belong to this class. 

Gu. 

Various forms of prefix — 

TEBELE. SHUNA. 

Sing, and Plur. Ugu, nku, Gu, hu, u. 

gu, ku. 

In this class are all verbal nouns, or such as are formed of the 
infinitive of the verb. Gu. GU is frequently used of any class 
as an indeterminative prefix. 

Pa. 

Not belonging to Tebele. Pa, gu and mu are locative classi- 
fiers, hovering, as it were, between substantive prefixes and 
prepositions ; e.g. Pa musha pangu, at our (my) town. 



CASES OF NOUNS. 

In Tebele and Shuna there are five cases in nouns :— Nomina- 
tive, Accusative, Vocative, Genitive, and Locative. 

The Nominative and Accusative, the cases of the subject and 
object of a sentence respectively, are one in form always. It is 
this form which appears in the vocabularies, and comprises the 
substantive proper and its prefix. 

The Vocative, the case of calling attention, is the same as the 
Nominative with the initial vowel of the prefix (if any) elided. 

The Genitive, the case of possession, is formed by prefixing 
(1) a part of the pronoun denoting the thing possessed, to (2) 



( xvii ) 

the noun denoting the possessor, by the aid of (3) the Genitive 
particle A ( = of). 

e.g. inkomo zenkosi = the cattle of the kin^, where 
(1) z, a part of the pronoun zi, denoting izlnkomo, the thing 

}x>ssessed is prefixed Xo 
• 2) inkosi, the noun denoting the possessor by aid of 
(8) a, the Genitive particle tlius— zenkosi = z-(a-i)-nkosi. 

Ingubo yomfana, where yomfaiia=iHa-Ti)-infana. 

Inombe dzashe- the cattle of the king, where dzashe= 

DZ-A-SHE. 

MUSHA woMUNr=the village of a person, where woMiNr 

= U-(A-r}-ML'Nr. Note the survival of the lost Shuna 

article (I')muxu. 

In Tebele when the word denoting the possessor is a proper 

noun, ka ( = g(n)-a=it of), is placed before the word standing 

for the possessor, e.g. — 

nmfo ka Lobeng:ula=umfana ka Lobengula= child (son or 
daughter) of Loben^ula. 

The Locative, the case denoting '• place where," and represented 
in English by the prepositions to, at, from, by, in, etc., is formed 
in Tebele by changing the initial vowel to e or o, and the final 
vowel if a to eni. e to eni, i to ini, o to eni. or weni, u to wini, 
with the necessary euphonic chanj^es in the heart of the word : 

e.g. abantn becomes ebantwini = among (etc.) the people, 
unyawo onvaweni =on (etc.) the foot, 

inkomo ., enkomeni = with (etc.) the cattle, 
umuti emutini = in (etc.) the medicine, 

iiizwe .. elizweni = in (etc.) the country. 

iguma „ egumeni = in (etc.) the yard. 

Iti some proper names the initial vowel only is changed, and 
somotinios the Locative case is replaced by the use of pre- 
positions. 

e.g. Endnba =to (etc.) Induba 

Gu Bulawayo = to (etc.) Bulawayo. 

In Shuna the prei)osition8 pa, gu, Mt% supply the place of the 
Locative case. Yet notice pamusiia PANr.u = to my town. 
E8iKU=at night. 



( xviii ) 



THE PRONOUNS. 
Table of Tebele Personal Pronouns. 



Class. 


Singular. 


Plural. 




1 pers. 


Simple. 


Emphatic. 


Simple. 


Emphatic. 


mu-ba, 


ni 


mina 


si 


tina 




2 pers. 


u (ace. gu) 


wena 


li 


nma 


• 


3 jyers. 


u {ace. mu) 


yena 


ba 


bona 


mu-mi 




u 


wona 


i 


yona 


li-ma 




li 


lona 


a 


wona 


n-zin 




i 


yona 


Zl 


zona 


si-zi 




SI 


sona 


zi 


zona 


lu-zin 




lu 


lona 


zi 


zona 


bu 




bu 


bona 






g^^ 




S^ 


gwona, or 
kona 







Except in the two instances indicated above, all forms are 
alike in both nom. and ace. cases. For the 3rd pers. sing. ace. 
the contracted form m is used before a vowel. 



Table of Shuna Personal Pronouns. 


CUase. 


Singular. 


Plural. 




Simple. 


Emphatic. 


Simple. 


Emphatic. 


mu-ba Ipers. 


NDI 


IMI 


TI 


ISU, ISI 


2 per.s: 


u {acc. Gu) 


iwe 


MU 


IMNWE 


3 pers. 


u,a (acc.MU) 


lYE 


BA (WA) 


JBO (IWO) 


mu-mi 


u 


UYO 


I 


lYO 


ri-ma 


RI (Jl) 


IRQ (IJO) 


A 


AWO 


n-dzir 


I 


lYO 


DZI (Jl) 


IDZO (IJO) 


tji-zwi 


TJI 


ITJO 


zwi (dzi) 


IZWO (IDZO) 


ru-dzin 


GU (RU) 


UGO (URO) 


DZI (Jl) 


IDZO (IJO) 


ka-tu 


ka 


IKO 


TU 


ITO 


bu 


BU (HU, gu) 


UBO (UHWO) 






g« 


GU (IIU) 


UGO 






pa 


PA 









( xix ) 



There are many varieties of form in the Shuna pers. pron., 
but these may be regarded as fundamental. A few other forms 
are given in brackets. 

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS. 

Possessive Pronouns are composed of three parts, connected 
in the following order : — 

(1) A part or whole of the personal pronoun denoting the 
thing possessed. 

(2) The possessive (genitive) particle A. 

(3) A part of the pronoun denoting the possessor. This is 
generally in Tebele the first syllable, and in Shuna the second 
syllable of the emphatic form of the personal pronoun, with ex- 
ceptions. 

umuzi wabo = their town, where wabo=ii-a-bo. 

(1) U, the pronoun denoting the thing possessed. 

(2) a, the possessive particle. 

(3) bo, the first syllable of the emphatic personal pronoun, 
in Shuna 

ML'.SHA WABO=their town, where wabo = u-a-bo; bo being 
the second syllable of the emphatic personal pronoun. 





Table op 


Po.ssESSivE Pronouns. 






TIBII.S. 


Shuna. 




Sinfnilar. 


riaral. 


SiDgulnr. 


Plural. 


Claa^ 


I 


1 


1 


2 


1 


2 


1 


2 


f(l) 




mi 




itn 




NGU 




IDU 


mu-ba < (2) 


wa 


ko 


ba 


inn 


WA 


KO 


BA 


INYU 


C(3) 




ke 




bo 




KE 




HO 


mu-mi 


wa 


wo 


ya 


yo 


WA 


WO 


YA 


YO 


li-ma 


la 


lo 


(a)a 


wo 


11 A 


RO 


(A)A 


WO 


n-zin 


ya 


yo 


za 


zo j 


YA 


YO 


DZA 


DZO 


81 -zi 


sa 


80 


za 


zo 


T.IA 


TJO 


ZWA 


ZWO 


lu-'/iu 


Iwa 


lo 


za 


zo 


(iWA 


RO 


DZA 


DZO 


ka-tu 










KA 


KO 


TA 


TO 


bu 


ba 


bo 






BA 


BO 






K" 


gwa ko 






OWA 


KO 







In column 1, singular and plural, is found the part of the 



( XX ) 



pronoun standing for the thing possessed, with the genitive 
particle a attached ; in column 2 is found the part standing for 
the possessor. 

Thus any part in column 1, singular or plural, may be joined 
to any part in column 2, singular or plural, according to the 
class and number of the " possessed " and " possessor." 

e.g. lazo is a possessive pronoun, indicating that something 
singular of the class li-ma is possessed by something plural of 
either of the classes n-zin, si-zi, lu-zin. 

And in Shuna yaro means that something, either singular of 
N-ziN or plural of mu-mi, is possessed by something singular of 
Ri-MA or RU-ziN. In each column 2 is given the forms for the 
three persons of mu-ba class. 

Note that in column 2, plural, Tebele and Shuna, the i of itu, 
inn, iDU and inyu, coalesces with the possessive a to form e, e. 
Thus— 

isibaya setii=our kraal, where setii=sa-itu. 

BANU BENYU=your people, where benyu=ba-inyu. 



CONJUNCTIVE PRONOUNS. 

Sometimes called Prepositional Pronouns. They are used 
with conjunctions and prepositions, and except in the three 
persons mu-ba class, they are the same as the " possessor " (col. 
2) pronouns of the last table. 



Tebblb. 


Shuita.. 


Class. 


Sing. 


Plural. 


Singular. 


Plural. 


( 


mi 


ti 


IMI 


ISU (IDU) 


mu-ba < 


we 


ni 


IWE (DRI) 


INI (IMNWB) 


( 


ye 


bo 


lYE (ARI) 


I BO (bARI) 


mu-mi 


wo 


yo 


IWO (IRI) 


lYO (ARl) 


li-ma 


lo 


wo 


IRO (RIRE) 


IWO (WARl) 


n-zin 


yo 


zo 


lYO 


IDZO (dZIRI) 


Sl-Zl 


so 


zo 


ITJO 


IZWO (dziri) 


lu-zi 


lo 


zo 


IRO (RURI) 


IDZO (dziri) 


ka-tu 






IKO 


I TO 


bu 


bo 




I BO 




gu 


ko 




"'•^ . 


,.' . '" '. 



( txi ) 



Gn compounded with mi, ti, ni, bo generally makes gimi, 
giti, gini, and gibo. 
e.g. Buya lazo = Return with them (cattle). 

Wa figa giti =He arrived at home (lit. to us). 

S'a sigwa nayo = I was cut by it (knife). 
Generally that form of the preposition is used, in Shuna, to 
which NA is suffixed. 

Ba no buya panemi (=pa-na-imi) They are coming to me. 

Enda naye = Go with him. 

Nda robha na iye=I was hit by him. 

Gara PARiRE=Stay by it (hoe). 

Ndi nbnda nbmnwe=I am going with you. 

Ndi no bva ounb iwo=I come from it (garden). 



DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS. TEBELE. 
Singular Number. 



ClMS. 



mu-ba 

mu-mi 

li-ma 

n-zin 

si-zi 

lu-zin 

bu 

gu 



This. 



lo 

lo 

leli 

le 

lest 

lolu 

lobu 

logu 



Tbat. That over there. That far away 



lowo 

lowo 

lelo 

leyo 

leso 

lolo 

lobe 

logo 



lowaya 

lowaya 

leliya 

ley a 

lesiya 

loluya 

lobuya 

loguya 



lowayana 

lowayana 

leliyana 

leyana 

lesiyaria 

loluyaiia 

lobuyana 

loguyana 



Plural Numbbr. 



CimM. 


TheM. 


Those. 


ThoM over there. 


Those far a«r«]r. 


rauba 


laba 


labo 


labaya 


labayana 


mu-mi 


le 


leyo 


leya 


leyana 


li-ma 


la wa) 


lawo 


lawaya 


lawayana 


n-zin 


lezi 


lezo 


leziya 


leziyana 


SI Zl 


lezi 


lezo 


leziya 


leziyana 


lu-zin 


lezi 


lezo 


leziya 


leziyana 



( xxii ) 



DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS. 
Singular Number. 



SHUNA. 



Class. 

mu-ba 
mu-mi 



This. 



tji-zwi 



bu 



gu 



UYU, lYB 
UYU, lYE, 

IHOYU 
IRI, IRIRE, 

IRORl 
ILOLI, IJI 
lYE, lYOYE, 

lYOYI 
ITJE, ITJOTJB, 

ITJETJIYA 
URU, IRURI, 

UGU, IGITIU, 

IGOGU 
HUGU, IGOGU 



UGU 
IGOGU 



That. 



That over 
there. 



UYO 

UYO, lYOYO, 

IHOYO 
IRO, IRORO 

ILOLO, IJO 
lYO, lYOYO 

ITJO, ITJOTJO 

URO 

UGO 

IRUGO 

HUGO 

IGOGO 

IHOHO 

UGO 



UYA, OYA 
OYA 



ERIYA 



EJIYA 
EYA 



ETJIYA 



URUYA 
UGWIYA 



HUGUYA 



UGUYA 



That far away. 



lYEUYA 

lYOlTYA 

IHOHIIYA 

IRORIYA 

IJOJIYA 

ILOLI Y A 

lYOIYA 

ITJOTJIYA 

UYARUGO 

IGOGU YA 

IGOGUYA 
IHOHUYA 

IGOGUYA 



Plural Number. 



Class. 


These. 


Those. 


Those over 
there. 


Those far away. 


mu-ba 


AHA 


ABO, IBO 


BAYA 






IBABA 


I BOB A 




IBOBAYA 


mu-mi 


lYI 


lYA, AYA 


lYO 






lYOYI 


lYOYO 




lYOYIYA 


ri-ma 


AYA 


AYA 


AYO 


IWAWAYA 




IWOWA, A WO 


IWA 




IWOWAYA 


n-dzin 


IDZI, EDZI 
IDZODZE 


IDZO 
IDZODZO 


EDZIYA 






IJOJI 


IJOJO 


IJIYA 


IJOJIYA 


tji-zwi 


IZWI, ezwi 


IZWO 


EZWI Y A 






IZWOZWI 


IZWOZWO 




IZWOZWIYA 




IDZI, EDZI 


IDZO 


EDZIYA 






IDZODZE 


IDZODZO 






ru-dzin 


IDZI, EDZI 
IDZODZE 


IDZO 
IDZODZO 


EDZIYA 






IJOJI 


IJOJO 




IJOJIYA 



In the above taWes where several forms are given, the first 
placed is the most usual. 



( xxiii ) 



PREDICATIVE PRONOUNS. 



Class. 


Singnlar. 


Plural. 


mu-ba 


nafin (umnntti) 


nampa (abantn) 


mu-mi 


nanku (umfula) 


nansi (imifula) 


li-raa 


nanti (iknba) 


nanka (amakuba) 


n-zin 


nansi (inkomo) 


nanzi ( inkomo j 


Sl-Zl 


nansi (isija) 


nanzi (izija) 
nanzi (inkezo) 


lu-zin 


nantu (ukezo) 


bu 


narapn (utjani) 




pu 


nanku i^ugudhla) 





e.g. ]ui!i(ii) ninimta^ 
namp(n) ntjani^ 



here (is) a person, 
here (is) the grass. 



ClSM. 


Singalar. 


Plaral. 


mu-ba 


HOYA, HOYU (MUNU) 




ABA, AWU (BANU) 


rau-mi 


HOYA, HOYU (MUNDA) 




lYO, EYI (MINDA) 


ri-ma 


ERI, EJI (BADZA) 




AYA, OWA (MABADZA) 


n-zin 


BYE, EYI (INOMBE) 




EDZl, EJI (INOMBB) 


tji-zwi 


CTJI ITJISHU (TJII)ZA) 




EDZI, EZWI (ZWIDZA) 


ru-dzin 


EGO, HOGG; HOGU (RUGW 


'AKU) 


EDZI, EJI (DZIGWAKU) 


bu 


EGO, HOGU, HOHU (BUHWA) 




g« 


BOO, HOGA (OUDTA) 







e.g. EYE INOMBE =here (is) a head of cattle. 
EZWI zwii>ZA = here are the vessels. 

The final vowel in the above forms may be changed to 'o,' 
with the meaning, " there it is." 













( xxiv ) 






1 

«} 

II 

< 

o 

d 

1 

> 

"A 

i! 

1 

s 

II 

1 

s 


1 

> 

S 


1 

s 

1 

i 

1 




TI NO GARA 
MU NO GARA 
BA NO GARA 
I NO GARA 
A NO GARA 
DZI NO GARA 
ZWI NO GARA 
DZI NO GARA 
TU NO GARA 


< 

< 

o 

o 

< 

< 

-< 

< 
o 

o 

< 
< 


w 


i 

OQ 


NDI NO GARA 
U NO GARA 
U NO GARA 
U NO GARA 
RI NO GARA 
I NO GARA 
TJI NO GARA 
GU NO GARA 
KA NO GARA 
BU NO GARA 
GU NO GARA 


o 

I—I 

p 

>; 


a 


mu-ba 1 

mu-mi 

ri-ma 

n-zin 

tji-zwi 

ru-zin 

ka-tu 

bu 

g^ 


o 

< 

< 
o 

o 

Q 


O 
1 


g 


si ya hlala 
li ya hlala 
ba ya hlala 
i ya hlala 
a ya hlala 
zi ya hlala 
zi ya hlala 
zi ya hlala 


1 

o 

1 




fii ya hlala 
u ya hlala 
n ya hlala 
n ya hlala 
li ya hlala 
i ya hlala 
si ya hlala 
In ya hlala 
bu ya hlala 
gu ya hlala 


d 
o 

d 

■»-> 




iH CM CO 

J 'e C3 d ^ .e 


The Shun 

BO GARA, etc 



( XXV ) 



t 



i 

I 



1 


A TI OARI 
A MU (iARI 
A HA OARI 
A I OARI 
A A GARI 
A DZI OARI 
A ZWI OARI 
A DZI OARI 
A TU GARI 


i 

s 


A NDI OARI 
A U OARI 
A U OARI 
A U OARI 
A RI OARI 
A I OARI 
A TJI OARI 
A GU OARI 
A KA OARI 
A BU GARI 
A OU OARI 


1 


g g.? 'i'.-ii «J 3 3 


Plond. 


ka si hlali 
ka li hlali 
ka ba hlali 
ka i hlali 
ka a hlali 
ka zi hlali 
ka zi hlali 
ka zi hlali 


i 

1 


ka Hi hlali 
ka n hlali 
ka a hlali 
ka u hlali 
ka li hlali 
ka i hlali 
ka si hlali 
ka lu hlali 
ka bu hlali 
ka gu hlaU 


1 


5 G'^ S'v.^-^ U) 



a 



o 
u 

2d, 
o "^ 



'E - ^^ 

a ^ 2 ^ 



TS 


©t3 «w 


5 


> is s> 


fj 


e3 '-^ 




~12 


o 


*z:t Q 




_, m «, 


§ 






fl ^ ^ 


o 


>- s « 


t^ 


^-^^ 


{jj 


®5 s 


> 




07 CC ^ 


.2 


'^ « o 


CO 


S o^ 


® X) ® 



S.2 

nig 

%< 

,c o 

CO -k-> 

CO ;-. 

® 

cCpC 



% 



m 












S '" 



03 



Is 

o < 



i^g 



z ^ 



( xxvi ) 



i 

a 


TI SINGA GARI 
MU SINGA GARI 
BA SINGA GARI 
I SINGA GARI 
A SINGA GARI 
DZI SINGA GARI 
ZWI SINGA GARI 
DZI SINGA GARI 
TU SINGA GARI 


bo 

G 


NDI SINGA GARI 
U SINGA GARI 
U SINGA GARI 
U SINGA GARI 
RI SINGA GARI 
I SINGA GARI 
TJI SINGA GARI 
GU SINGA GARI 
KA SINGA GARI 
BU SINGA GARI 
GU SINGA GARI 


1 


mu-ba 1 

mu-mi 

ri-ma 

n-zin 

tji-zwi 

ru-zin 

ka-tu 

bu 

gu 


1 


si fia hlali 
li fia hlali 
ba fia hlali 
i fia hlali 
a fia hlali 
zi fia hlali 
zi fia hlali 
zi fia hlali 


i 

bo 


fii fia hlali 
u fia hlali 
a fia hlali 
n fia hlali 
li fia hlali 
i fia hlali 
si fia hlali 
In fia hlali 
bn fia hlali 
gn fia hlali 


1 


,-(<MC0 



8 .g 



2 


TI TJA GARA 
MU TJA GARA 
BA TJA GARA 


1 

QQ 


NDI TJA GARA 
U TJA GARA 
U TJA GARA 


1 


rau-ba 1 
„ 2 
„ 3 


1 

3 


si sa hlala 
li sa hlala 
ba sa hlala 

and so on for 
all classes. 


c 


fii sa hlala 
n sa hlala 
n sa hlala 


1 


iHCNCO 



( xxvii ) 






1 


A Tl TJA GAR I 
A Mil TJA GAUI 
A BA TJA GAUI 


u 

OQ 


A NDI TJA OARI 
A U TJA OARI 
A II TJA OARI 


1 


B 


i 


ka si sa hlali 
ka li sa hlali 
ka ba sa hlali 

and so on for 
all classes. 


1 


ka Hi sa hlali 

ka u sa hlali 
ka a sa hlali 


1 





d I 



1 


81 NO GARA 

Present. 


1 


NDI NO GARA 

Same as the simple 


1 


B 


1 


86 si hlala 
86 U hlala 
86 ba hlala 

and so on for all 
classes. 


.a 

c 


-as 
■•ass 

Sxo 


1 





( xxviii ) 



2 

1 


A TI BERU TA GARA 
A MU BERU MWA GARA 
A BA BERU BA GARA 


a 

CO 


A NDI BERU NDA GARA 
A U BERU WA GARA 
A U BERU WA GARA 


1 


mu-ba 1 

:; 1 


fi^ 


a si ka hlali 
a li ka hlali 
a ba ka hlali 

and so on for 
all classes. 


i 
I 

c 


a fii ka hlali 
a u ka hlali 
a u ka hlali 


^ 


i-lOJCO 

a 



< 

O 



a 

FQ 



.2 
% 

> 



5z; ^ 



1 

a 


TI JIMB TI GARE 
MU JIME MU GARE 
BA JIME BA GARE 


1 


mu-ba 1 i NDI JIME NDI GARE 
,, 2| U JIMEU GARE 
„ 3 U JIME U GARE 


1 


si ze si hlale 
li ze li hlale 
ba ze ba hlale 

and so on for 
all classes. 


c 


fii ze fii hlale 
u ze u hlale 
u ze n hlale 


J 


mu-ba 1 
„ 3 



( xxix ) 



B 
o 



^ 



I 





< 




c: 


1 


ARA 
A GA 
3ARA 


E 


^^: 




S: = 




h^^ 




^ - <: 




H S = 




-< 




as 


i 


-«:<!-< 


c2 »: SI 




Q w O 


n 


55 < -< 




H^^ 








5H h 




S5 := =3 




r-l<NCO 


1 


■? - 


u, 


s 




««3 »^ 




rars^ o . 






1 




5« 


© © » cfl O 




hoS^bo^-. 




-i'^M § - 


. 


lale 
lale 


A 


q-^-^ 


& 


« c^ 


s 


® ® « 


OB 


^bobp 


J 


;a00 


^<NCO 




-? .. 


X 


s» 




a 



1 

^ 



i 


A TI TI TA GARA 
AMUTIMWAGARA 
A BA TI BA GARA 




A NDI TI NDA GARA 
A U TI WA GARA 
A U TI WA GARA 


1 


s 


i 


a si ge si hlale 
a li ge li hlale 
a ba ge ba hlaU 

and so on for all 
classes. 


1 


alligefiihlale 
A u ge u hlale 
a u ge u hlale 


1 


mn-ba 1 



( XXX ) 



§ 

^ 



^ ^ ^ 
< < < 

<^< 

h S » 



i < < 

^ o c 



a> 


rj " " 




Ph 


s 








_, 












a 


i 


i-J 






2i45^ 


o3 




63 4342 








^ 


-542^ 




3 

bo 


S-^-^ 




a 






CQ 




a 


iHCMCC 




o 


cd 




2 


^ ^ . 




0) 






fl. 


s 





i. 

l"!^ 

^ 



Ph 


A Tl NA GU GARA 
A MU NA GU GARA 
A BA NA GU GARA 


1 

1 

OQ 


A NDI NA GU GARA 
A U NA GU GARA 
A U NA GU GARA 




rH (MCO 


S 


a si hlalana 
a 11 hlalana 
a ba hlalana 

and so on for all 
classes. 


i 

3 

to 
OQ 


a fii hlalafia 
a u hlalana 
a u hlalana 




s 



( xxxi ) 



g 

O 



i 

E 


< 
< 

m 

<'^ < 

H < = 

\< < X 
<i^ < 

H S « 




s 


NDA KA NDA OARA 
WA KA WA (lAKA 
WA KA WA (JAKA 


1 


a 


i 
i 


sa ge sa hlala 
la ge la hlala 
ba ge ba hlala 

and so on for all 
classes. 


1 

CD 


ILa ge fia hlala 
wa ge wa hlala 
wa ge wa hlala 


1 


a 



1 

s 


A TA NU TA KA 

GARA 
A MWA NU MWA 

KA GAKA 
A BA NU BA KA 

GARA 


1 

a 
s 


mu-ba 1 \ A NDA NU NDA KA 
( GARA 
„ 2 ' A U NU U KA GARA 

„ 3 i A U NU U KA GARA 


i 

d 


a si zafia si hlale 
a 11 zafia 11 hlale 

a ha zafia ba hlale 

and so on for all 
classes 


S 


afii zafiafii Male 
a n zafia u hlale 
a n zafia u hlale 


1 


^ o» C^ 
i : . 
1 



( xxxii ) 






t" 



"d 


TA TI GARA 
MWA MU GARA 
BA BA GARA 
YA I GARA 
A A GARA 
DZA DZI GARA 
ZWA ZWI GARA 
DZA DZI GARA 
TA TU GARA 


a 


NDA NDI GARA 
WA U GARA 
WA U GARA 
WA U GARA 
RA RI GARA 
YA I GARA 
TJA TJI GARA 
GWA GU GARA 
KWA KU GARA 
BA BU GARA 
GWA GU GARA 


J 


rH CM CO 

Jq a =« d *S -S 
a a 's B •;? £ ^ fc£ 


'a 


(si) be si hlala 
(li) be li hlala 
ba be (ba) hlala 
ibi (be + i) hlala i 
a be (a) hlala 
(zi) be zi hlala 
(zi) be zi hlala 
(zi) be zi hlala 


i 


(fii) be fii hlala 
u be (u) hlala 
u be (e) hlala 
u be (u) hlala 
(li) be li hlala 
ibi(= be+i) hlala 
(si) be si hlala 
(In) be la hlala 
bu be (bu) hlala 
gu be (gu) hlala 


^ 


mu-ba 1 

:: 1 

rau-mi 

li-ma 

n-zin 

si-zi 

lu-zin 

bu 

gu 





Im.perfect Tense. Indirect Affirmative— 
I was sitting. 


1 


sa si hlala 
la li hlala 
ba be hlala 

and so on for all 
classes 


1 


na fii hlala 
wa u hlala 
wa e hlala 


1 

i 


iH(MCO 



( xxxiii ) 



> 


TA TI SINOA OARI 
MWA Mil SINOA GARI 
BA BA SINOA GARI 


J 

00 


NDA NDI SINOA OARI 
WA U SINOA GARI 
WA U SINOA OARI 


'^ 1 a 


Plnral. 

sa si fia hlali 
la 11 fia hlali 
babe fia hlali 

and so on for ! 
all classes. | 


1 


lia lii lia hlali 
wa n fia hlali 
wae fia hlali 


1 

V 


•HCQOO 

a 



^4 •* 

s 

I* 

§ ^ 



^ 


SA KA OARA 
MA KA OARA 
BA KA GA 


! 

s 


NDA KA OARA 
WA KA OARA 
WA KA OARA 


1 


mu-ba 1 

;: 1 


1 


si hlezi 
li hlezi 1 
ba hlezi • 

and so on for ' 
all classes 


Hi hlezi 
n hlezi 
n hlezi 


1 


^09 09 

1 



o 
. ® 

~ o 









.a i^ » 



( xxxiv ) 





i 

s 

1 


TI NO NO GARA 
MU NO NO GARA 
BA NO NO GARA 


g 
II 

< 

< 
o 
o 

s 




1 


A TI NO NO GARA 
A MU NO NO GARA 
A BA NO NO GARA 






<<< 






< 






<ii 










-M 


i 


o o o 
5^ o o 


II 




1 


O o o 


cc 


fl 


O sz; S5 


O 




.s 


'^ 2 9 


1 


02 


2 P P 


o 

o 

S5 






•2 ^ 55 

g^^ 
< < < 


l-H 
^ 1 




1-H CMCO 


. 


tHCQCO 


O » 

« i 


a 


4 -. 

S 


M 
g 
1 


1 

2 


1 


1" 




1 




1 


Indicati 
iture Tense. Affi 


1 

1 


si ya gu hlala 
li ya gu hlala 
ba ya gu hlala 

nd so on for all 
classes 


1 


1 

i 


1 


si yi gu hlala 
li yi gu hlala 
ba yi gu hlala 

and so on for all 
classes. 


s, 




00 


CO 


^ 




1 08 eS eg 






1 




1 <!A ci3 eS 




I 

.S 


fii ya gu hlala 
u ya gu hlala 
u ya gu hlala 


1 

1! 






aniyiguhlal 
a u yi gu hlal 
a u yi gu hlal 




i 


thcnco 

4 = = 


i 


tH CM CO 

6 " " 




(S 




< 




(1h 


B 



( XXXV ) 



1 

1 

i 
i 


(njbne) TI GARB 

(njenb) mu garb 
(njbnb) ba garb 


i 

i 1 

1 S 


(njene) NDI garb 

(njbnb) u garb 
(njbnb) u garb 


\i 


•? -- 

B 


1 


(uba) si hlale 
(uba) li hlale 
(uba) ba hlale 

and so on for 
all classes. 


1 


(nba) fti hlale 
(nba) u hlale 
(nba) u hlale 


1 


f-4 0100 



:=i K 



» 


(njbne) ti singa 

GARB 

(njbne) mu singa 

GARB 

(njenb) ba singa 

GARB 


S 


i i i 

s s s 

CDs 

Z g H gj ! 

•-^ ►^ 5 
^ ,5 ^ 


1 


^ <N CO 

B 


a 


(uba) si fta hlale 
(uba) li na hlale 

(uba), ba fta hlale 

and so on for all 
classes. 


1 


(uba) fti fta hlale 
(uba) n fta hlale 
(uba) a fta hlale 


1 


^ G« oo 



( xxxvi ) 



§ 
I 

< 
55 

m 







-^ < < 






^<< 








s 


2 ^ ^ 






^ 






« <J <5 


. 


i 


•s 


1 


DINGA 
NGA G 
NGA G 


1 




^U ^ 


^ 


e3 


53 


o 


rO 








S 


gj 


rj - - 


'S 


^ 


a 


"< 




'::j 


2 




e8 •* 


fS5 


t 


33'5 i=i 1 




3 


^ji ii 


S 




•S;:3 J re 


t. 




rt 


^ 




c3 






^^ce 




S 






S3 


'^33 




OQ 








tH CQCO 




a 


cS 




S 


-? - ^ 




<B 


^ ' - 




&H 


B 



o 

Pi 

03 

a 
7 

'"i 



a; 



s 


A TI NGA GARE 
A MU NGA GARE 
A BA NGA GARE 


H 
W 


A KDI NGA GARE 
A U NGA GARB 
A A NGA GARE 


J 


mn-ba 1 


i 

s 


a si nge Male 
a li nge Male 
a a nge Male 

and so on for all 
classes. 


OQ 


a fii ne Male 
a n ne Male 
a a fie Male 


Ph 


tH(MCO 

a 



( xxxvii ) 



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zihambela 
zitumela 


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Reciprocal, •..•. 

one 

another. 

bonana 
dhlana 

DVANA 


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Applicative, 

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for, fi-om, 

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bonela 
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VOCABULARY 



(No. 1.) 
ENG.-TEB.-SHUNA. 



EMOLISH. 

Abandon, t*. 
Ability, ii. 

Able, culj. 

Abolish, V. 
Abound, v. int. 
About, prep. 
Above, prep. 



Tjiya. 
Ama-ndhla. 

Lamandhla. 

aeda. 
Varna, 
^a. 

Peznlu gu... 
Pezu gn... 



Abroad (in 

lands). 
Abscesti, 11. 
Absent, adj. 



other Ezizweiii. 



I-tumba. 
Ea a ko. 

Ea ba ko, etc., ac- 
coi-ding to class 
of subject. 
Absorb, v. Nata. 

Abstain, »., tee " Fast." 
Absurd, to be, v. intr. Hlegisa, v. tr. 
Abundance, n. Ubu-nefii. 

Gu-nefii. 
Abundance of food. I-nala. 

„ to obtain, v. Tjaya inala. 
.Abundant, adj. 



SlYA. 

Ma-simba. 

N-JERE. 

Namasimba. 

Nesimba. 

Pedza. 

Na. 

Pezhuqu pa... 
Pazuru pa... 
Pamsoro pa... 

Gu DENOA GU... 
MU DENG A MU... 
Gu NEMNWE INYIGA, 

I-MOTA {ri-ma). 

A A PO. 

A BA PO, etc., etc. 



MfJWA. 

Sbgidza. 
Br-ZHiNZHr. 
Wanda, v. intr. 



r. Tjaya 
Ifefti. 



ZlIINZHI. 



Abu 



( 2 ) 



Ach 



ENGLISH. 

Abuse, V. 

see " Scold." 
Accept, V. 

Accident, n. 

„ to be hurt 
b\^ V. 
Accompany, v. 

According to, prep. 
Account (of an inci- 
dent), n. 
Account for (goods), 

V. 

Account of, on... of. 
Account, on that, 

adv., 

see " Because." 

Accoutre, v. 



TRBELE. 

Tetisa. 

Amugela. 

In-gozi. 
Gu Dulawa 

nedhlozi. 
Pelegezela. 
Hamba la. 

Na, njefia. 
I-puno {li-ma) 
In-daba. 
Landa. 



SHUN A. 



Tug A. 



I 



ako, N'alogu. 



Hloma. 



Accoutrements, n. Izi-kali. 



Accusation, n. 

false, n. 



Accuse, V. 

„ a person 
falseb^ V. 
Accustomed, to be, v 



I-cala {li-ma). 
I-cebo {li-ma). 



Niga icala. 

Nigela icala. 

Ceoa. 

Jayela. 



Ache, V. intr. 



Ache, n. 



Bulala, V. tr., e.g., 
Isisu si ya fiii bu- 
lala = the stomach 
kills me = I have 
the stomach-ache. 

Ubu-hlufiu. 



Gamutjira. 
Tambira. 

Gu BURAIWA MU- 
DZIMO. 

Pbregedza. 
Enda na. 
Famba na. 
Se. 

Ma-shoko. 
I-dama {ri-ma). 

RONDA. 

Tebera. 

Na. 

Na-izozo. 

Nezo. 

Nekoko. 

Ndozwa. 

Bata mappumo. 

Bata maswimbq. 

BUDA. 
RONGA. 

Ma-swim bo. 
Ma-pfumo. 

I-MOSWA. 
I-NEMA. 

Ma-roto. 
Ma-kuwa. 
Ma-nyepo. 
budza moswa 
Pa MOSWA. 

BUDZIRA MOSWA. 

Tjeta. 
Dzibira. 
korobera. 
Buraya, v. tr. 
GWADZA, V. tr. 
Banda. 

DZIMBA. 



BU-GWADZI. 



Aci 



( 8 ) 



Ado 



EXQLISH. 


TEBELE. 


8HDXA. 


Acid, adj. 


Luma, V. 


RUMA, V. 




Tjisa r. 


Pisa, v. 




Baba r. 


Baba, v. 


Acknowledge, v. 


Vumela. 


BVUMFRA. 


Acquaintance, n. 


Um-gane. 


I-shamnwari. 


Acquainted with, to 




be, see " Know." 






Acquire, v. 


Zuza. 


Wana. 


Acquit, V. 


Yegela. 


Reqedza. 
Pembedza. 

SUNUNGURA. 


Across, to be, v. 


Pambana. 


Pesana. 

Tjinjiga. 


„ place, V. 


Pambanisa. 


Pesanidza. 
Tjinjigidza. 


„ prep. 


Petjeyagn... 


Pamiri pa... 
gumiri gu... 


Act, V. 


Enza. 


ITA. 


Add, V. 


Engeza. 


Pamidza. 


Add to, V. 


Engezelela. 


Pamidzira. 




Elegela. 


KWIRIGIRA. 


Adder, Puff, n. 


I-bululu. 


M-Vl'MBl. 


Address, in public, 


, Tjumayela. 


Reba. 


t;. 




Rebetega. 
Taura. 


Adhere, v. 


Namatela. 


Namatira. 


Adjacent, adj. 


Akelana, v. 


Bakirana, v. 
Panupanu. 




Eduze gu. 


Pedhlu. 




Hlafiana la, v. 


Shangana na, v. 


Adjust, V. 


Lu&isa. 


Gadzira. 
Natsidza. 

RrRAMIDZA. 


Administrator, n. 


In-dnna. 


She {7nu-ba). 
M-KiiRr {mu-ba). 
M-TJiNi)A {inu'ha). 


Admirable, atlj. 


Hie. 


Naka, v. 


Admire, v. 


Buga. 


Tari.sa. 


Admit, V. 


Ngenisa. 


PiNZA. NqUNIDZA. 


Adopt (a child), v. 


Ondhla. 


Rera. 


Adorn, v. 


Vunula. 


Simira. 




Ceca. 


BVARA. 




Cecisa. 


Sho.sga. 



Adu 



( 4 ) 



Ago 



Adulterate, v. 
Adultery, to commit. 
Adulterer, \ ^^ 
Adulteress,/ 



Advance, v. 

Advise, v. 

Adze, n. 
Affair, n. 

Affirm, v. 

Afflict, V. 



Afflicted, to be, v., 
see " Distressed." 



TEBELE. 

Hla^anisala... 
Feba. 

Isi-febe. 

Hamba painbili. 

Lulega. 

Is-anceli. 
In-daba. 
Um-landu. 
Tjo. 

Bulala. Hlupa. 
Kataza. 

Hluijega. 
Hlutjwa. 
Bulawa. 



Affliction, n. In-hlupego. 

Afraid, to be, v. Saba. Esaba. 



After, prep. 



Afternoon, n. 
Again, adv. 



Emuva. 

Emva gu... 

In-tambana. 

Pinda= repeat, v.= 

Buya=return, v.= 
Age (of a pe»son), v. Imi-nyaga (yake). 
Aged, to be, v. Guga ( = worn out). 

Lupala. 

Data, adj. 

Daladala (em ph.). 
Agitated, to be (men- Papatega. 
tally), V. Pisega. 

Papazega. 

Didega. 



Agony, w., sjee'Tain. 



8UUNA. 

Shanganidza na... 

MOMBORA. 

I-MOMBO. I-MOMHRB. 

I-GEKERE, m. 

I-ZENGEA, /. 

Famba PAMBERI. 

TUNGAMIRA. 

BUDZA. 

RURAMIDZA. 

M-BEZHO. 

I-MAKA. 

I-MOSWA. 

Reba. 
Daro. 

BURAYA. DZIDZA. 

Netsa. Tamidza. 
Tambudza. 

DZIRA. 

Tambura. 
Netsega. 

BURAIWA. 

''Nda bona inamu." 

I-NAMU. 

Hya. 

TSHKA. 

Shurb. 

Ma-deko. 
Pama. 

DZOGA. 

Ma-kore (ake). 
Shakara. 
Tana. 
Tjembera. 
KuRU, adj. 
Fa neshungu. 

VUNDUGA. 

totomoga. 

Ndi nehana=Ndi no 

VUNDUGA = 1 am 

agitated. 



Agr 



( 6 ) 



Ali 



KXGLI8H. 


TEBBLE. 


8HUNA. 


Agrree (together), 


Vumelana. 


BVIMIRANA. 


V. intr. 




Dabirana. 

Garana. 

Tenderana. 


Agree (to a thing), 


Vnmela. 


Bvumira. Tendera. 


V. tr. 




Dabira. 


Agreeable, adj. 


Hie. 


Naka, r. 


Agreement, n. 


U-vumelano {lu-zi). 


M-VUMIRANO. 


Ague, n. 


U-quqo {lu-z(). 


BVI'NDA, V. 




Quqa, V. 


Dedera, v. 


Ahead, adv. 


Pambili. 


Pamberi. 




Pambi gu... 


Mberi. Gumberi. 


Ahoy! irit. 


Mina! 


Iwb! 
Nandiwe ! 


Aim, to take, v. 


Komba. 


Tendeoa. 




Qonda. 


TONDEfJA. 


Air, n. 


Um-oya {mu). 


Mnw-ando 

(MU-ANDU). 

Mnw-eya (Mu-bya). 


Air (clothes, etc.), v. 


Caya. 


NiGA. 


Alarm, n. (personal) 


U-valo {lu), e.g. Ki 
lovalo = I am 


L I-hana. 




alarmed = 


Ndi nehana. 


„ an, n. 


Um-kosi. 


I- MERE. 


„ to raise an, v. 


Hlaba umkosi. 


BURA MERE. 
KiDZA MERE. 
KrWA MERE. 
RiDZA OIIWO. 
VUNDUDZA. 


Manning, to be, v. 


Sabega. 


Hyioa. Hyisa. 
t.skwiga. vunduga 


Alert, to be, v. 


Oapela. 


Tj EN J ERA. 




Xwaya. 
Twala amehlo. 


Tarisika. 




Taramicirana. 




*' U ya kitjimisa 


" U np:njere." 




amehlo ake." 




Alight, V. 


Ehla. 


Bl'RUKA. 
DeRI'KA. 


, on, V. 


Ehlela. 


RrRl'KIRA. 

Derikira. 


from (as from 


Ehliga. 


BlRIKA. 


horseback), i'. 




Deruka. 


Mike, to be. 0. 


Fanana. 


Fanana. 



Ali 



( 6 



Alt 



ENGLISH. 

Alive, to be, v. 



All, adj. 



Allegiance, to own, v. 
Alleviate (pain), v. 

Allied, to be, v. 
Allot, V. tr. 



Allow (permit), v. 
Almost, adv. 



Alone, adj. 



Also, conj. 
Alter, V. tr. 
Altered, to be. 
Although, conj. 
Altogether, adv. 



Zwa. " U 86 zwa " Hwa. Nswa. Nskwa. 
= he is alive = IT tja hwa. 

U TJI RI MPENYU = 

he is still a living 
being. 
Onke, with prefix Ose. Baku BOSB=all 
according to class, people. Ti Ri tosb 
as sonke, lonke, =we are all (here), 
bonke, etc. Si 
sonke = we are all 
(here). 
Konza. 

Tambisa (ubuhlTifiTi).NYOROBEDZA 
(bugwadzi). 



Hlafiana. 

Abela. 

Ahluganisela. 



Vumela. 

Posa, v., e.g. 
posa fia fa= 
most died. 

Edwa. Odwa. 

Ba bodwa = 

^i liedwa = 



Shangana. 
gobera. goberera. 

DiMURIRA. 

Paradzanidzira. 
tsaitrira. 

BVIRIRA. BVUMIRA. 

]&a Ka, Kanga, Posa. 
I al- eg. nda kanga nda 

FA=I almost died. 
Oga. 
Ba ri boga = they are 

alone. 
Ndi ri ndoga=I am 

alone. 
Kakarb. Na. 
Shandura. 
Shanduga. 



Njalo. La. 

Pendula. 

Penduga. 

Kona. Lakona. 

Eiidawonye = in one Panu pamnwb. 

place, e.g. si sen- 

dawonye=we are 

all in one place = Ta nga ti ri panu 

PAMNWB. 

Onke^ e.g. si sonke, Ose. 
or si sonkana= 
we are altogether. Ti Ri tosb. 

Kanye, e.g. sa figa Kamnwb. 
kanye = we ar- 
rived at one time= Ta ka swiga kamnwb. 



Alw 



( 7 ) 



Ann 



K1IOL18H. 


TKBKI.S. 


SHUMA. 


Always, adv. 


Insukn zonke. 


Mazuba osb. 

MiSI YO.SE. 




Iminyaga yonke. 


Makore ose. 


Amaze, «. act. 


Manalisa. 


Shamidza. 
Tjenamisa. 


Amazement, to ex- 


Azisa. 


VUNDUDZA. 


press, V. 


Babaza. 


ZiBISISA. 


Ambush, to lie in, r. 


, see, " Lie in wait." 




Amiable, to be, v. 


Tandega. 


DlGANWA. 




Lomusa, adj. 


DlGA. 


Amidst, prep. 


Pagati gu... 


Mkati ma... 
Pagati pa... 


Ammunition, n. 


Izi-poso. 


Ma-bara. 


Among, prep. 


Pagati gu... 


Mkati ma... 
Pagati pa... 


Amputate, v. 


Siea. 

U-koko, pL 0-koko. 


DiMURA. 


Ancestor, n. 


Ma-tatbguru ipL). 






Ba-mkuru {pi). 


Ancients, n. 


Ab-enduln. 


Ba-ntorontoro. 


Ancient, adj. 


Daladala. 


Karekare. 
Kurukuru. 


And, conj. 


La. 


Na. 


Anger, n. 


U-laka {lu). 


I-HASHA {ri-ma). 

M-BATU. 

I-MANDA {ri-ma). 
Bu-tjenye. 

RlT-TSANYA. 


Angry, to be. v. 


Tugutela. 


T.samSra. 




Lolaka. adj. 


NeHA8HA. 


Animal, wild (strictly, I-nyamazane. 


I-MUKA. 


of antelope tribe 


», 




not carnivorous), i 


n. 




Ankle, n. 


Isi-hlagala. 


I-gogora. 


Announce, V. 


Biga. 


SUMA. 




Tjumayela. 


Reba. 
Taurira. 


Annoy, r., tr. 


Dnba. 


Netsa. 




Hlupa. 


DZIDZA. TAMBrUZA 

Tamidza. 


Annoyance, n. 


In-hlupego. 


I-NAMU. 


Annoyed, to be, t* 


., Dubega. 


Nbta. Netsboa. 


see '* Distressed." 


Hlupega. 


DZIRA. DZIDZIWA. 

Tambura. 



Ann 



( 8 ) 



App 



ENQM8H. 


TEBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Annually, adv. 


Iminyaga yofike. 
Keminyaga. 


Makorb osb. 


Anoint, v. 






„ a sore. 


Tela umuti. 


DiRA MUTI. 


„ the body. 


Coba umzimba. 


Zhora mbiri. 


Another, adj. 


Nye, e.g. umu-nye 


Mnwe, e.g. MuNU- 




umuntu. 


MUMfJWE. 


Answer 






„ a question, v. Pendula. 


Shandura. 


„ a call, V. 


Sabela. 


Dabira. 


Ants, small black, n 


. Ubu-nyonyo. 


HU-NYUNYU. 
RU-MENYO. 


„ large black. 


Izim-polompolo. 


Ma-sweswb. 

BU-SWESWE. 

Ma-surira (lit. the 
stingers). 


„ red, or sugar. 


Izin-tombe. 


Ma-sosemkanke. 
Ka-dzishaba. 


„ white. 


Umu-hlwa. 


Ml-TJENYE. 
MI-.TURU. 


„ the " soldiers.' 


' Ama-teza. 
Ama-gefia. 
Is-amoane. 


BU-KASHABA. 


Ant-bear, n. 


I-digita {ri-ma). 


„ -heap, n. 


Tsi-duli. 


Tj-URU. 


Antelope, n. 


I-nyamazane. 


I-MUKA. 


Antiquity, n. 


In-dulu. 


BU-KIIRU. 

In-torontoro. 


Anvil, n. 




I-NERA. 


Anxiety, n. 


U-valo {lu-zi). 


I-HANA. 

I-HANYA. 

M-OYO. 

Ma-papu. 


AnxiouSj'to be, v. 


Papazega. 


VUNDUGA. 




Damba. 


...NEHANYA. 




Papama. Papatega 


. TOTOMOGA. 


Anything, n. 


TJlu-to. 


I-NUMBI. 
TjI-NU. 


Aperture, n.. 


In-tuba. 


I-BURI. 


see "Opening." 






Appear, v. 


Bonagala. 


BONAGARA. 
BONEGA. 


Appease, v. 


Bindisa. 
Tulisa. 


Nyararidza. 



App 



( 9 ) 



Asc 



BMOLISH. 


TBBKLK. 


8HI7VA. 


Appetite, n , see " Hi 


mger." 




Applaud, V. tr. 


Bo&a. 


BoKA. Ombera. 
Pembera. 


Appoint, V. 


Bega. 


BUiA. 




Misa. 


Misa. 
Gadza. 

ISKA. 


Approach, v. 


Sondela. 


Sedera. Sedzera. 
Sonera. 




Za. 


BuYA. Uya. 
Hwenera. 

KWAMIRA. 


Apron (of pirl's 


Isi-bipi. 


I-nABi {iH-ma). 


dress), n. 




I-GUPO {ri-ma). 




Inctibnla. 


I-nere. I-shashigo. 


Argue, V. 


Pigisana. 


Ita nyaya. 


see also " Discuss 


»» 


Ita maka. 
Gwisana. 


Arise (from sleep), v 


. Vuga. 


MUGA. 


„ (stand up). 


Suguma. 


Ml RIGA. SiMUOA. 


Arm (for war), v. 


Hloma. 


Bata mapfumo. 

RONGA. 


„ (of body), n. 


I-ngalo. 


Ru-BOKO, plur. Ma- 
boko. 


„ (forearm). 


U-galn (lu-zi). 


Ri:-BOKO. 


Armlet, n. 


I-80fio {li-ma). 


I-JOTI (ri-ma). 


Arm-pit, n. see '* Axilla." 




Army, n. 


I-mpi. 


I-HONDO. Tj-ITA. 

I-PFi'MA (ri-ma). 


„ call together, r, 


'. Memeza impi. 


RONOA IPFUMA. 


Around, be, r., see " 


Surround." 




Arouse, r. 


Vusa. 


Mdtsa. 


Arrange, v. 


LofiiBa. 


G ADZ IRA. 
RlTRAMIDZA. 

Natsidza. 


Arrest, v. 


Bamba. 


Bata. 


Arrive, v. 


Figa. 


Svviga. 


Arrogant, to be, ♦'. 


Zigaja. Zigabisa. 


Dada. Zikudza. 


Arrow, n. 


Um-tjoko. 


Ml'-REBB. N-OOBB. 


Artory, n. 


Um-tambo. 


Rr-TSINOA. 


As (like as), adv. 


Njefta. 
KweU. 


Sb. Sa. 


Ascend, r. 


Kwira. Tana. 



Ascent, n. see " Slope." 



Ash 



( 10 ) 



And 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


8H0NA. 


Ashamed, to be, v. 


Hlajwa fienhloni. 


Nyara. 




.j.lenhloni, adj. 


...NESHONI, adj. 




Ni leiihloni=I am 


...nenyadzi, adj. 




ashamed. 


' 


„ to make, i\ 


Hlabisa inhloni. 


Dana nenyadzi. 




Hlaba fienhloni. 


Nyadzisa. 


Ashes, n. 


Um-lota. 


I-DOTA {ri-ma). 


„ to clear away 


. Hola umlota. 


HURA MADOTA. 


Ask for (beg), v. 


Cela. Kulega. 


KUMBIRA. 


„ (demand). 


Biza. 


Dana. Shobedza. 


Ask a question, v. 


Buza. 


BVUNZA. 


Asleep, to be, v. 


Lala ubutofio. 


Bata hope. 
Enzera hope. 
Kwezera hope. 
Eara hope. 


Assegai, n. 


Um-konto. 


I-PFUMO iri-rna). 


„ large. 


Um-konto iimkulu. 


I-BARO (ri-ma). 


Assemble, v. int. 


Butana. 


Bunk ANA. 


„ V. tr. 


Butisa. 


BUNKANIDZA. 




Memeza. 


KOKA. 


Assent, v. 


Vuma. 


BVUMA. 




Vumela. 


BVUMIRA. 


Assert, v. 


Tig. 


Reba. Daro. Naro. 


Assist, V. tr. 


Hlafiula. 


PONISA. BaTIDZA. 




Siza. 


Tjidza. 




And by Yerb in Causative Voice. 


Astonish, v. 


Manaiisa. 


Shamidza. 


Astray, to go, v. 


Lahlega. 


Rashiga. 




Tuha. 


DZIMIRA. 


At, prep. 


^a. Gu and by the Gu. Pa. Guna. 




Locative Case. 


Pana. 


Attack, V. 


Lwa. 


GWA. 




aala. 


Tanga. 




Tjaya. 


ROBA. 


Attempt, V. 


Lifia. Zama. 


Edza. Nyemudza. 


Attend, v. tr. (accom- Pelegezela. 


Perega. 


pany). 




Peregedza. 


Attention, to give, 


V. Sabela. Qapela. 


Dabira. Tarisisa. 


„ to attract. Tonsa amehlo. 


Kakata meso. 






Kweba meso. 


Attract, V. 


Tonsa. 


Kakata. Kweba. 


Audible, to be, v. 


Zwagala. 


HWIGA. HWIGWA. 
NZWIGA. 



Aug 



( 11 ) 



Bac 



KNOLISH. 


TKIIKLK. 


SHUMA. 


Auger, Ji. 


Um-piselo. 


M-BURITRIDZO. 




I-ncugutu. 


M-URURU. 
M-BURrRU. 


Aunt, n. 


U-mama (my aunt). 


Mai (.sing, and pi.). 




U-nyoko (thy aunt). 


Amai. 




U-nina (his aunt). 






U-dade wabo ka. 


I-IIAZWADZI YADADE. 




baba, etc., or ka. 


I-HAZWADZl YAMAI. 




mama, etc. 




Authority, n. 


Ubu-kosi. 


BlT-SHE. 




Ama-ndhla. 


Ma-simba. 


Autumn, n. 


Ugw-indhla. 


Ma-pebhe. 


Avaricious, to be, r. 


Lomhau, adj. 


Netjiba, adj. 




U lomhau = he is 


Nemoyo wa ka ipa. 




avaricious. 


Nemeso a gugutu. 


Avenge, r. 


Pinda. Pindisa. 


Pama. Pamidza. 


Avoid, V. 


Ceza. Nqweta. 


Nyenyeredza. 




Nqeta. 


Rbya. Tsabuga. 


Await, V. tr. 


Hlalela. Linda. 


Garidza. Garira. 


Awake, r. int. 


Vuga, e.g. U vugile 


1 MrGA. 


see also " Alert " 


= he is awake (has 
arisen). 


i 


Awaken, v. tr. 


Vusa 


MUTSA. 


Away, to ^et, r. 


Suga 


Mirirga. Simuga. 


„ to drive. 


Xotja. 


Tanda. Tata. Dzinga. 


„ to run. 


Balega. Muga. 


Manya. Poya. Tizha. 


„ to take. 


Susa. 


BiSA. DlTSA. 


Awful, to be, r. 


Sabega. 


Hyioa. Hyisa. 


Awl, n. 


U-sufiulu {luzi). 


RU-NZHI. I-SONO. 


Axe, n. 


I-hloga {li-ma). 


I-SHANU (ri-ma). 


Axilla, n. 


I-kwapa {li-ma). 

B 


I-ABHA (ri-ma). 


Baboon, n. 


In-dwafiu. 


T-Gumj. 
I-nvENB (ri-ma). 


Baby, n. 


Ingane. 


MSW-ANANA. 




Um-ntwanyana. 


Br-SHIYE. 

M-TJETJANA (muba) 


Back (of the body) n 


I. Um-hlandhla 


M-.SHANA. 




{viu-ba). 


MU-SANA. 



Bac 



( 12 ) 



Bal 



ENGLISH. 


TEOELE. 


SHUMA. 


Back, small of the, n 


. I-golo {li-ma). 


TjI-BUNU. 


„ go or come, v. 


Bnya. Bnyela emva 


L. DZOGA. DZOGERA. 


„ give. 


Buyisa. 


DZOSA. 


„ send back to. 


Buyisela. 


DZOSERA. 


„ turn, V. tr. 


Tinta. 


DzosA. Tina. 


„ turn one's back Fulatela. 


FUGATIRA. 


to, V. tr. 




FURATIRA. 

Pa gushure. 

Wa ndi pa gusurb= 

he turned his back 

on me. 


„ adv. 


Nasemva. 


Shure. 


Backbite, v. 


Ceba. 


Tjeta. 


5ee " Slander." 






Backbone, n. 


Um-gogodlila 


M-zoNGOSA (mu-mi). 




imu-mi). 


M-SHANA. 


Backwards, adv. 


Nyovane. 


Masunda. 


see " Step backwards.^' 


MZONGOGA. 


Bad, adj. 


Bi. 


Ipa, v., e.g. Munu wa 
KA iPA=a bad man. 


Bad luck to it ! int. 


Imhlolo ! 


Mashura ! 


Badly, adv. 


Kabi. 


ZWA KA IPA. 


Baffle, V. 


Ahlula. 


KONA. KUNDA. 


Bag (small), n. 


Is-amba. 


N-GWANIRO. 
I-HOMBODO. 


„ (large). 


Um-godhla. 


I-HOMO. I-HOMNWE. 

I-KABA (ri-ma). 
I-NABA (ri-ma). 

M. BANG A. I TSAPO. 


„ (made of bark). 


I-^uza {li-ma). 


I -GUMBO (ri-ma). 


„ (of powder). 


Isi-jumba. 


I-KABA. 


Bake, v. 


Osa. 


Otja. 


Bald, adj. 


"Ka a lanwele"= 


Nemanje. 



Ball, n. 



He is bald. 
Kanya, v., e.g. Gu 

ya kanya ikanda 

lake = his head 

shines. 
Im-bulufia. 
Im-bumbuluzana. 
Isi-gaxa. 



Penya, v., e.g. Mu no 

PENYA MSORO WAWE. 



i-bttmburo. 
Tjim-bumburung- 

WANA. 

Tjim-burungwa. 
Tji-pundu. 



Bam 



( 13 ) 



Bat 



KNULISU. 

Bamboo, n. 



TEBKLE. 

Um-hlanamalambo. 



Band (for binding), n. Um-tando. 
Bank (of earth), n. Ulu-boba (range). 
Um-bundu. 
In-dunduma. 
I-dundula {li-ma). 
„ (of a river), «. Lu-kumbi. 

Okunjini = on the 
bank. 
Bar (to close kraal), n. Um-goqo. 



„ of a door, n. 



Um-goqo. Isi-pago 
Isi-zabo. Um-nxibo. 



Bare, adj., see " Naked." 
Bark (of dogs), v. Konkota. 

„ of a tree, n. I-xolo {li-ma). 

„ strips of (for I-nxoza. 

tying purposes). 
Barm, n. Um-tombo. 

see " Leaven." 
Barren female, n. I-fambele. 

gee also ** Cow." 
Barren, country, n. Ama-halihali. 

Barrel (cask), n. I-fatii (Dutcli). 

„ (of a gun), n. Um-nlandhla. 

Um-luli. 

Um-pobo. 
Barter, r. Tefia -^ buy. 

Te&isa^sell. 
Basin, n, Isi-ja. 

I-nqai. 



Um-ganu (of wood). 
Basket, large, plaited, I-dengu. 

71. 

„ small, „ I-hwanda. 



8UUMA. 
M-SHAGADZENZWE 

{mu-mi). 
M-SENGERE {mu-mi). 
M-SUNOO (mu-mi). 
M-TEKA (mu-mi). 



I-MIRI. 
I-PIRIPIRI. 

I-BANGO. I-HORO. 

M-ZARIRO (mu-mi). 
M-TANDA (mu-mi). 
I-SASA (ri-ma). 
m-tjinjiko. m-tjigo. 
Tji-piyo. M-figo. 

BUGURA. HUGURA. 
HW-ATI. GW-ATI. 
RU-GODZI. 

Ma-kabi. 

I-TSIME. 

I-SHENJERE. 
1-MANJE. 

Ma-nainai. 
Ma-renje. Ma-tunu. 

I-MEMBE. 

I-PFUTIGA. 

M-SANA. 

Tenga. 

Tkxgisa. Shambadza. 

Tji-dya. 

Tji-ndigwana. 

M-BiYA (mu-mi). 

I-MARB. 

N-diro. 

I-DENGU. 

I-HWANDA (ri»ia). 
Tji-nogoro. 



Bas 



( 14 ) 



Bea 



ENaLTSH. 

Basket, flat (for win- 
nowing). 
„ (sewn). 

Bat, n. 
Bath, n. 

Bathe, v. int. 
Battle, n. 

"Battle axe," n. 

Be, V. 



TEBELK. 

U-komane {lu-zi). 

Isi-ja. 

I-lulwane. 
I-gapa elikulu. 
I-gapa logugeza. 
Geza. 
In-hlabano. 



SHUNA. 
RU-SERO. 

I-DENGU. 

Tji-tundu. 
Ka-m-rengwa. 

I-GAPA. 



Ngura. Shamba. 
Gu-GWA. Gu-rhwa. 

GU-BAYA. 

Im-hemha. Bu-kanu. 

HU-BHA. 

Ba. Ba be koiia= Ba. Wa. A to ba 

They were there. iYE = It is not he. 
As a copulative, fi, As a copulative, Ri, 
and y. Gu num 



Beads, n, 

„ chalk. 

„ red, white eye. 

„ white, red 
stripes. 



white, blue 

stripes, 
pink. 

yellow, 
black. 



pigeon-blue, 
clear red. 
green. 

large round. 
a bunch of, n. 
a string of, n. 
to thread, v. 



Iintll = it is a per- 
son. Gu yinkomo 
= it is an ox. 
Ubu-hlalu. 

I-tambo. 

Um-gazi. 

I-malimaduna. 

In-totoviyane. 
Ii;-kiwaiie. 



NDI. Gu RI PO = lt 

is there. Ndimi = 
It is I. 



Tj-uma 
Tji-timbi. 
Tj-uma tjumkaka. 
t-juma tjitjena. 
Tjuma tjitsuku. 

TjUMA TJONGAZr. 

Tj-uma tjentotovi- 

YANB. 

Tj-uma 

DUNA. 

Tj-uma 

YANE. 

Tj-uma tjiswita. 

Ma-toyinybmba. 

duzwi romnaba. 



TJIMALIMA- 



TJENTOTOVI- 



Ubuhlalu obuganu 

Ubuhlalu obumnya- Tj-uma tjidema 

ma. 
I-santimane. 
Ubuhlalu obujuba. 
Um-lilo. 
I-buma. 
Ama-nxonxo. 



Tj-uma tjenjiba. 
Tj-uma tjimoto. 
Tj-uma tjibuma. 
Ma-bhye. 



I-hluguzo yobuhlalu.MuNDBNDE wetjuma. 
Ulu-cu Iwobuhlalu. Mundende wetjuma. 
Tufiela ubuhlalu. Sonira tjuma. 



Bea 



( 15 ) 



Bea 



EMQLISH. 


TBBELE. 


8HUNA. 


Beak (of a bird), n. 


Um-lomo. 


M-ROMO. 


Beam, n. 


Isi-godo. 
Isi-Donda. 


MU-DANDA. 




Tjl-TANDA. 






Tji-gutsa. Tji-tsiga. 


Beans (common), n. 


In-dumba. 


I-NYEMBA. 


„ (round). 


In-dhlubu. 


I-NYIMO. 


Bear (carrj-), v. 


Twala. 


Senga. 


„ (in hand). 


Pata. 


Bata. 


„ (support), V. 


Segela. 


Tagura. 
dzigidza. 


„ (forbear). 


Begezela. 


DZIGAMA. BiGIDZIRA. 

Batidzira. 


„ young. 


Beleta umntwana. 


Bbrega mnwana. 




Zala umntwana. 


ZWARA MNWANA. 


„ child at back. 


Beleta nmntwana. 


BeREGA MNWANA. 


„ fruit. 


Tela abantwana. 


Berega BANA. 




Va abantwana. 


ZWARA BANA. 




Veza abantwana. 


DiRA BANA. 




Zala abantwana. 




Beard, n. 


In-devu. 


N-debvu. 


„ when long. 


Isi-devu. 




Beast, n. (i.e. head of In-komo. 


I-nombe. 


cattle). 






„ (bull). 


In-kunzi. 
Soe " Bull." 


I-HONO. 


„ (ox). 


In-kabi. 


N-DUME. 
N-ZOMBE. 


„ (ox, draught Im-belesi. 


N-ZOMBB. 


or pack). 


I-bopa. 




„ (cow). 


In-sikazi. 


I-HADZI. 


see also " Cow. 


»f 




Beast, (heifer). 


I-tokazi {li-nia). 


I-T8IRU {ri-ma). 


*ec" Heifer." 






„ (old cow). 


Is-alokazi. 


Tji-tjbmbbre. 


„ (calf, big). 


I-tole (li-vta). 


I-MURIJ. 


„ (calf, small). 


In-konyana {plur 
ama-nkonyana). 


. I-NENJANA. 


Beat, V. tr. 


Tjaya. 
Digiza. 


RoHA. Ppura. 


„ (as the heart). 


Pfura. 


V. int. 


Fuqa. 




„ (overcome), set 


;'' Conquer.' 




„ a drum. 


liaya ngoma. 


RinzA ngoma. 


.. (a carpet), v. 


Tintita. 


Bvubvudza. 



Bea 



( 16 ) 



Beg; 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Beautiful, adj. 


Hie, eg. Umuntn 


Naka, v. 




mulile = 


MUNU WA KA NAKA = 

a beautiful person. 


Because, prep. 


^oba. Noguba. 


GuBA. Ndozwa. 

Nambugwi. 

Nambuzwi. 


Beckon, v. 


Clweba. 


KWENYA. NyBNGA. 


Become, v. 


Ba. 


Ba. 


Bed, n. 


I-ca.TiBi ili-ma). 


I-BONDB (ri-ma). 


see also " Mat." 




„ of a river. 


Um-fula. 


M-HOMBA YOKWIZI. 


" Bedstead," n. 


In-galana yogulala. 


Eu-ware. I-dara. 


Bee, n. 


I-nyosi. 


I-NYOTJI. 


„ underground. 


Um-bofiulwane. 


I-MUNGA. 
I-BOROMA. 


Beer, n. 


TJ-tjwala {hu). 


Bh-abha (bu). 




Isi-hahadhla (very 


■ I-DORO {ri-ma). 




strong). 


BU-SUGWA. 




Isi-haxa (of a bad 






taste). 




Beer-basket, n. 


Im-beni. 


I-SBMB. 




I-ncebetu. 


N-deSa. 


„ -skimmer, n. 


Isi-ketu. 


Tji-saruro. 


„ -strainer, n. 


Isi-hluzo. 


Tji-swinu. 


Bees' wax, n. 


I-ncino. 


I-NAMO. I-MORA. 



Beetle, n. 



I-DBNDU. 

I-TUNJE {ri-ma). 



Li-bufiayezi. 

Varieties — 
Um-kumbazeze. 
Li-gwotjubane. 
In-komoyamas- 

wazi. 
In-kubabulofiwe. 
Isi-dhlonono. 
Pambi gu... 
Pambili gu... 
„ adv.^ rendered by circumlocution, e.g. 
Do as you did be- Enza njeiialoku u Ita se wa ka ita 

fore. enzi le guqala. gutanga. 

Before I was born. Wi iia ka zalwa. Ndi singa zwarwa. 
I will do this be- til za gu enza loguNDi no ita koko, 
fore I do that. andubana fii za gu ndiko ndo ita ko- 

enza logo. kuya. 

Beg, V. Cela. Kulega. Kumbira. 



„ dung beetle. 
Before, prep. 



N-DERE. 



TjI-TORAMATUZr. 

Pamberi pa... 
gumberi gu... 



Beg 



( 17 ) 



Bes 



:X(JMSH, 



tkhki.k, 



Beget, r. Zala. 

Begin, v. Clala. 

„ in the begin- Eguqaleni. 
ning. 
Behaviour, see " Manner." 
Behind, prep. Emva gn... 

Emuva. 

„ one's back. Esipundu. 



Belch, r. 
Believe (be 

fied), V. 
Bell, n. 
Bellow, V, 
Bellows, n. 
Below, prep. 



Bodhla. 
satis- Kolwa. 



In-fiimbi (i kalayo). 
Bovnla. Kenya. 
Im-vnta. 
Pansi gn... 



south, or down Ezansi. 



Bench, n. 

Bend, v. tr. 
r. intr. 



„ (straightens 
Beneath, prp]t. 
see • Below." 
Berry, n. 



Besooch, V. 
Beside, jtrep. 



U-gwembe Iwoguse- 

benza. 
In-galane yoguse- 

benza. 
Gobisa. 
Pensisa. 
Goba. 
Zombazomba (of a 

river, or road). 
Fusa. 
Pansi gu... 

Um-twana wesihla- 

hla. 
In-hlamvu yesihla- 

hla. 
Ncefia. 

Eceleni gn... 
Enxenye gu... 



SHUXA. 
ZWARA. 

Tanga. 

Pa gutanga. 



Pashure pa... 
gushure gu... 
MrsHi'RE Mr... 

MUSHURE MENYU = 

behind jou. 

DZOBA. 

KOGWA. 

GUTA. 

Br-TARI (Br NO rira). 

DzoBA. Rira. Kuma. 

M-FUTO. Ma-hobodo. 

Pasi pa... Musimu... 

Grsi GU... 

Nyasi mu... 

GU-ZASI. 

Grjo. Gu-NYASi. 
I-GOXI. Bh-ato. 
GW-ATO. 



KOMBAMTDZA. 

KONl)AMIS.\. 

KOMBAMA. 

KONDAMA. 

MOXA. 

Lava. 
Pasi pa... 
Nyasi jiu... 
Mnw-ana womuti. 

Tji-nu tjomuti. 

I-SIIAXOA YOMUTl. 

Nyengktedza. 

NyEN(5ETERA. 

Gr owbya or... 
Gr JO ou... 

Mr NYA8I MU... 

Pa rupo pa... 
c 



Bes 



( 18 ) 



Bla 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Besides, prep. 


i^'apandhle gu... 
Pandhle eu... 
Niga. Nigela. Pa. 


Panzhe pa... 


Bestow, V. 


Pa. 


Betray, v. 


Ceba. Nigela. 


Tj^ta. 


Between, prep. 


Pagati zvi...p.g. Pa- 


Pakati pa... 




gati gwetu = be- 


Ml K ATI MU... 




tween us. 


RlITIBI GU... 

Pakati pedu = be- 
between us. 


Beware, v. 


Bona. Pepa. 


Bona. Berenga. 

TaRISA. TlZA. 


Bewitch, v. 


Loya. Tagata. 


Row A. Roy A. 


Beyond, prep. 


Petjeya gu... 






Pambili, Pambi gu. 


..Pamiri pa... 




Nale gu... 


GUMIRI GU... 


Bible, n. 


U-gwalo Iwo-Mlimo. 


Big, adj. 


Kulu. 


KURU. 


Bile, n. 


I-nyoiio. 


N-TURU. N-TURURU. 


Bin, n. 


Isi-pala. 


I-DURA {ri-ma). 


Bind, V. 


Tanda. 


POMBA. POMBEREDZA. 




Bopa. 


SUNGA. 


Bird, n. 


I-nyoni. 


I-SHIRI. 


Birth, n. 


Gu-zalwa. 


RU-ZWARO. 


Bit, n. 


Isi-hlepu. 


Tji-bandb. 


see also " Piece." 






Bit (of a bridle), n. 


In-simbi yetome^ 




Bitch, n. 


I-njakazi. 


M-BHAKADZT. 


Bite, V. 


Luma. 


RUMA. 


Bitter, to be, v. 


Baba. 


Baba. 


Black, adj. 


Mnyama. 
Li-Iala. 


Dema. Nema. Tema. 


Blacksmith, n. 


U-MATSiDi (mu-ba). 






I-BOMBARUMI {ri-ma). 






I-MIZHA. 


Bladder, n. 


Isi-nye. 


T.JI-NENA. I-FURIDZO. 


Blade (of assegai), n. Um-konto. 


I-PFUMO. I-MANDO. 


„ (of knife), n. 


I-nqamu. 
Um-kwane wotjani 


I-MARA. TjI-PANGA. 


„ (of grass), n. 


. Tji-hwa. Ru-hwa. 






I-swiNGA {ri-ma). 


Blame, v. 


Sola. Solela, 


Rambira. Nyunya. 
rurumnra. 


Blanket, n. 


In-gubo. 


N-GUBO. 


„ of skin. 


In-gubo. 


I-debhye, 


„ white cottor 


I. In-sedhlu. 


I-SHEZHU, 




I-bai (old word). 


1-TSORO. 



Bla 



( 19 ) 



Bio 



EKOLI8R. TEBFLE. 

Blanket, coloured, r I-santubane (//-ma), 
and figured, -j I-kombese (old), 

„ coloured Um-poswa. 

striped, light. 
„ white woollen. I-kombese (li-ma). 
„ of calico. I-n^ubo yempi. 

Blaspheme, v. Tetisa (Mlimo). 

Hlamba. 
Blaze, V. Vuta. 

„ n. I-lafiabi. 



Bleat, V. 

Bleed, r. tr. 



V. intr. 



Kala. 
Lnme^a. 
Opisa igazi. 
Caba. 

Opa igazi. 



from the nose. Hukutja. 



Bless, V. 

Blind, adj. 

„ person, n. 
Blister, n. 



Busisa. 



Isi-pofu. 
I-tjatjaza {li-ma). 



Blood, n. I-gazi. In-gazi. 

„ to let, V. see " Bleed," " Stanch." 
„ clot, 71. I-hluli (li-ma). 

I-hlwili {li-ma). 

„ serum. Ulu-bende. 

„ (from nose). Umu-fiula. 
Bloom, n. Im-poko, 

»ee also " Flower." 
Bloom, V. itUr. Kahlela. 

Blow of the wind, v. Pepeta. 

„ hard ,, Vufiuza. 

„ away, v. tr. Petjula. 



8HDVA. 
I-RAMBAGUSONA. 



Ngubo YOMTJEGA. 
TuoA (Mnwali). 
popotera. 
Pfitta. 

HU-TSI. 

I-RiMi (W-rwa). 
Tj-edzera. 
I-PFUTE {ri-ma). 
Rira. Tjema. 

RUMIGA. 

bvisa maropa. 
Tema nyora. 
donidza maropa. 
bva maropa. 
buda ropa. 
Dona maropa. 
5'ombe i no buda. 
muka i no buda. 
Endisa zwa ka naka. 
Garisa zwa ka naka. 

BOFU. 

I-BOFU {ri-ma). 

RU-TSWA. 

I-MONE {ri-ma). 
Ma-ropa. 

I-KOBO (ri-ma). 
I-ROPA (ri-ma). 
Ma-vai. 

M-SHIYA. 

I-RUBi (ri-ma). 

TUMRUGA. 

Pfura. 

PUPUDZA. 

Pfuridza Pbpura. 



Bio 



( 20 ) 



Bol 



ENGLISH. TEBELK. 

Blow, (with mouth). Pepeta. 



out fire, 
the fire. 



Cima umlilo. 
Citja umlilo. 
Vutela umlilo. 



„ (pant) V. int. Pefumula. 
,, the nose, v. tr, Finya. 



Blue, adj 
Blunder, v 



Luhlaza. 

Juba. 

Pamhega. 



Blunt, alj. Butundu. 

„ of a point, v. int.Qiund.egSi. 

„ to make, v. tr. Tundubala. 
Board (plank), n. Ulu-kwembe. 



Boast, i>. 
Boat, n^ 



Body, n. 

„ (dead). 
Bog, n. 



Boil, V. tr. 
,, V. intr. 



over. 



Boisterous, adj. 

see also " Noisy." 
Bold, adj. 



Zikulisa. 

^ikukumeza. 

Um-kolo. 

Isi-kepe. 

U-kwembe (lu-zi). 

Um-zimba. 

Isi-dumbu. 

Ama-xapozi, 

Ama4ete. 



Bilisa. 
Bila. 



Pupuma. 

I-tumba (li-ma). 
Lomsindo. 

Lesibindi. 



8HUNA. 

Pfura. 
Pfuridza. 
dzima moto. 

Pfuta. Pfusa. 
Pfusira. Pfuridza. 
Pfutidza. 
Pfutira (all with 

MOTO). 

Fema. Fembdza. 
Pfura madzibha. 
Dema (dark blue). 
JiBA (slate). 

POSEGA. 

Kangana. 

KOMA, V. 
KOMBDZA. 

I-GONi (ri-ma). 

GW-ATI. 
ZWIKUDZA. 
ZWIKURIDZA. 
GW-ATO. HW-ATO. 

Bh-ato. 

M-BiRi (mii-mi). 

M-TUMBi {niu-mi). 

Ma-tewe. Ma-shawe. 
Ma-tjwakei. Ma- 
TORO. Ma-robe. 

M-POBI. 
BiRlDZA. 

BiRA. Fazha. Sha- 

PAIRA. VaIRA. 
TUTUMA. 

Tefura. 

TuTUMA. 

I-MOTA {ri-ma). 
Nezhoha. 
Nembremerb. 
dzigama, v. 
sunga moyo. 

SUITOARARA, V. 



Bol 



( 21 ) 



Boy 



EXOLI8H. 

Bold man, h. 



TKBBLK. 

I-qawe {li-jua). 



Bolt (of a door), ?i., see " Bar." 
Bone, n. I-tambo (li'-ma). 

Book, n. U-gwalo [lu-zi). 

Boot, n. Li-nyatelo. 

Border (of garment, Um-peto. 

etc.), 71. 
Borders (of a coun- Ama-petelo {pi.). 

try), n. 



Bore, V. tr. 

Born, to be, v. 
Borrow, v. 
Both, pj'on. 



Poboza. 

Pehla. 

Pisela. 

Beletwa. 

Zalwa. 

Bolega. 

Bobabili (ba). 
Yombili (mi). 
Oinabili {via). 

etc. 
Dnba. 



Bother, v. tr. 

see " Annoy." 
Bottle, n. 
Bottom (of a vessel), Isi-bunu. 

n. 



I-bodhlelo (li-ma). 



Bough, 71. In-gatja. 

Boundary, see "Border." 

Bow, (for shooting), Um-cibitjelo. 

n. I-cacu lomtjoko. 

In-gobelo. 
Bow down (make Eotama. 

obeisance), v. Kotamela. 



Bowels, n. 
Bowl, n. 

see alHo " Basin.' 
Box, n. 

Boy, 71. 

„ big boy. 



Ama-tumbu. 
Um-ganu. 

U-gwembe {lu-zi). 

Um-fana. 

Li-jahha. 



SHUN A. 
U NEMAZI. 
I-MAZI. 

I-PFUPA {ri-ma). 

I-XYEMBO 

I-SMANGO {ri-ma). 
M-i'ETO {niu-mi). 

M-PEXDERO {77Uimi). 
M-GANU WENYIGA 

{viu-vii). 

BURURA (BOORA). 
TUSURA. BVUGUTA. 
SiGA. 

Berbgwa. 

ZWARWA. ZwARHWA. 
Kl'MBIRA. 
Kl'MBlDZIHA. 
Boss BA BIRl 1 
Ba RI BA BIRl/ 
OSE MA BIRl j(Wia), 
A RI MA BIRIj etc. 
DZIDZA. 



{ba). 



TjI-TAKO. I-GARO. 

I-BATO (ri-ma). 
Tji-gadziko. 
ru-tabi. i-nabi. 

Br-DADB. 
I-DANTIRB. 

KONDAMA 

tsibama. kombama. 
Ma-bu-ra, 

N-I)IRO. 
M-BIYA. 

I-Gosi {ri-ma). 

GW-ATI. 
M-KOMANA. 
M-MSANA. 
I-RAUBJAYA. 
M-f«AHWA. TJI-KOMBA 



Boy 



( 22 ) 



Bre 



Boy, small boy. 
Bracelet, n. 



Brack, adj. 



Um-fanyana. 
l-sofio {li-ma). 



Baba, v. intr. 

Letjwai. 
„ ground, n. Isi munyu. 
Bradawl, n., see " Aup;er." 
Brain, n. Ubu-copo. 



Brake (of a wagon) n. Isibopo samaso&o. 

„ to put on, V. Bopa amasono. 

„ to take off. Kumiila amasofio. 
Tugulula amasono. 
Bran, see " Husks." 
Bran-sickness, n. Isi-kwekwe. 

Branch, w., see " Bough." 
Branches (for fenc- Ama-hlahla. 

ing), n. 
Brand (fire), n. Isi-kuni (somlilo). 



Brass, n. 



(mark), n. 



U-pau {lu-zi). 
I-tusi. 



Brave, adj., see " Bold." 
Bravery, n. Isi-bindi 

Brawl, V. 

see " Contend." 
Bread, 71. 



Breadth, n. 



Xabana. 

Isi-nkwa. 

Ubu-banzi. 



Break (a vessel), v. tr. Apula. 
,, (a law). Eqa. 

„ (loaf). Hlepuna. 



8HUNA. 
M-KOMANANA. 

I-JOTi (rl-via). 

Ml-NDARIRA, pi. 
N-TJOKO. 

Baba, v. 
Munyu. 



Bu-RURU. 

Bu-rupi. 

BU-RUZWI. 

BU-TARI HWAMAJOTI. 

ZWI-SUNGO ZWAMA- 

JOTI. 
SUNGA MAJOTI. 
ShOMORA MAJOTI. 
SUNUNGURA MAJOTI. 

RU-KUNDU. 
GW-EMBB. 

Ma-shazhu. 
Ma-shizha. 
Tji-kuni. Ru-kuni. 

TjI-TSIGA. 
MU-NDARIRA. 

M-SAFURi {mu-mi). 

M-KOKONI. 
I-MAZI. 

gwa. gwisana. 
Tangana. 
Tji-ngwa. 
Tji-papata. 
gu-wanda. gu-fara. 

GU-SHANA. 
BU-SHANA. 
PUNZA. HlORA. 
TSKORA. 

Tjuruga. 
Tjirira. 

MSWAURA. PeMURA. 



Bre 



( 23 ) 



Bri 



KXGLI8H. TKBELK. 


8HUNA. 


Break in two. Dabula. 




DlMlKA. PARURA. 
BVARURA. VUNA. 


„ open, or intxj. Poboza. 




Bhanya. Pubura. 
podhlora. 


„ in pieces. Pahlaza. 




Bhanya. 


„ out(of akraal).Folila. 




POYA. BURIOA. 

Pfuga. Budidza. 


„ a promise. Kohlisa. 




Nybngedzera. 
Tjenoedza. 


Break, v. iiUr. Apng^a. 

Dabuga. 


Hlepnga. 


Hloga. Mnwauga. 


Poboga. 


Bhanyiga. Budiga. 


Pahlazega. Pohle- 

era 




Break up new ftata. 




RiMA. Pemura. 


ground, v. 




Sebura. Timba. 


Break in (tame), v. tr. Tambisa. 




Nyorobbdza. 

PiNGUDZA. 


Break out in sores, v. Bidhliga. 


Pihliga. 


Mnwauga. Momoxa. 


Clubug^a. 
Mugelega. 




BhABHATA. PlTTIGA. 




Mera maronda. 


Break fast, (to take Ncama. 




Shushura. 


the morning meal) r. 






Breast, n. Isi-fuba. 




Tji-fuba. 

Tji-hlu (of meat, and 
of animals). 


„ (of woman). I-bele {li-ma). 


I-ZHAMir. I-8.\MU 






{ri-ma). 


Breath, n. Um-pefumulo. 


M-FE.VIERO. M-FBMO. 






MSW-EYA. 






Mnw-ando. 


Breathe, v. Pefumula. 




Fema. 


„ short. Hehezela. 




Fembdza. 


see abio " Pant." 






Breeches, n. I-bulukwe 




I-HANZU. 


Breed, n. U-hlobo [U 


\-zi). 


RU-DZI. 


Bribe, v., see. " Buy." 






Brick, n. I-gade {li-imi). 


I-viNOA (ri-ma). 


Bridge of the nose, n. U-bombo 


Iwompu- 


M-TANDAMUXO. 


mulo. 






Bridge, v. Gungubala 






Bridle, n. I-tome. 




I-tome. 


Brief, cut J. Fitjane. 




FiJPi. 


Bright, adj. Kanya, r. 




Tjexa, r. 



Bri 



( 24 ) 



Bru 



ENGLISH. 

Brighten, v. tr. 
Brilliant, adj. 

Brim, n. 



Bring, v. tr. 



Kany^isa. 
£azimula, v. 

Um-peto. 
U-dini {lu-zi). 



Leta. 



„ back. Buyisa. 

„ in, see " Admit." 

„ near. Sondeza. 



„ out. 
,, down. 
Brink, n. 



Bristle, n. 
Broad, adj. 



Fnmisa. 
Ehlisa. 
U-cino {lu-zi). 



U-boya (lu-zi). 
Banzi. 



Broil, V. tr. Osa. 

Broken be, v. Apuga. 

„ in pieces, be. Pahlazega. 
Brook, n. Um-fudhlana. 

Isi-fudhlana. 
Broom, n. Um-tanyelo. 

Broth, n. Um-hluzi. 



Brother, n. 



TJm-zalwane. 
Um-ne wetu. 



my elder. 

my younger. Um-na wami. 



Brown, adj. 
Bruise, v. tr. 



Nsundu. 

Nzoto. 

Limaza. 



8HUNA. 

Tjenidza. 

5^AIMA, V. 

Penya, v. 
M-PETO {7mi-mi). 
M-KOMBEiio (mu-mi). 
M-PENDERo {rnu-mi). 
M-suMBO {mu-mi). 

ISA. BUYA NA... 

BUZA. 

DZOSA. 

GWAMIDZA. HWB- 

NEDZA. SeDEDZA. 
SONEDZA. 

BURIDZA. 

BURUDZA. 

M-PENDERO (mumi). 

M-PEREREDZO 

(mu-mi). 
Pa-mganu. 

BU-KUSI. 

Ma-kushi. 

SlIANA, V. FaRA, v. 

Wanda, v. 
Otja. 

VUNIGA. 

Bhanyiga. 

RU-KOBA. 
GW-IZANA. 

M-TSWAiLO (mu-mi). 

MU-TO ) , 

Un-to 1 ^^ «^®^*- 
N-dubhye— of vege- 
tables. 

M-KOMA WANGU. 
M-KURU WANGIT. 
MU-NU WANGU. 
U-NU WANGU. 
U-NUNUNA WANGU. 

TsuKu. Mpimbiri. 

Shaba. 

Kubadza. Remadza. 



Bru 



( 26 ) 



Bur 



KNULISH. 

Brush, n., see " Broom. 



„ of a tail. 


Ubu-luna. 


Brush, t'. tr. 


Tanyela. 


„ away flies, v. 


Pufia. Buna. 


Bubble (as of boiling 


Xapazela. 


water), v. 


Pupuma. 


Bubble out (of water 


Kopoza. 


from a spring), v. 




Buck, see " Goat." 




Bucket, n. 


I-gapa (li-ma). 
Hluma. Mila. 


Bud, V. iiitr. 


Buft' (colour), adj. 


Lutuli. 


Buffalo, n. 


I-nyati. 


Bug, n. 


In-sip^izi. 




I-sigizi. 


Bugle, n. 


U-pondo (lu-zi). 


Build, V. 


Aka. 


Bull, 71. 


Inkunzi. 


Bullet, n. 


U-hlamvn (lu-zi). 


Bullock, n. 


In-kabi. 


Bunch of beads, /*. 


I-hluguzo. 


Bundle, n. 


Um-twalo. 




I-nyanda. 




Um-nyaba. 



Burn. V. inf. (o( fire). Vuta. Beba, e.(/. 



8HDHA. 

Mnw-isi. 

MU-SKWI. 

BU-ZUNI>E. 

TSWAILA. 

Nina. Tanda. 
Fanza. Tutuma. 
Shapaiua. Vaira. 

BVIRIRA. 
EUERA. 

I-OAPA {rt'ina), 

TUNGA. 

MoFu. Shaba, v. 

I-NYATI. 

I-sababa (ri-ma). 

I-TSK1II>ZI. 

I-HWAMAXDA. 

I-NYBRB. 

Baka. 

N-KONO. 
I-HANDIRA. 
I-HONDOKWE. 
I-HUNZI. 

I-BARA (ri-nia). 

N-ZOMBE. 
M-I>EN1)E. 

M-SHEMiO (viu-ini). 
M-8AMBO {mu-7ni). 
M-SHUNJE (a packet), 

{mu-mi). 
I-swiNGA (ri-ma), (of 

firewood). 

BVIRA. 

Umlilo u ya vuta -Moro u no bvira. 
— the tire is burn- 
ing. 

TJ2L. e.<j. Inkuni i Tsa. 
ya tia = the fire- 
wood is burning. =HlTNl I NO T8A. 

Tjela, f.<f. Isiieza si Tjkra. Tswa. 
ya tjela^the por- T.sirira. e.g. Shadza 
ridge is burning. ri no tswa. 



Bur 



( 26 ) 



By 



ENGLISH. TEnKLE. 

Burn V. tr. Tjisa. 

Babela, e.g. Ba ya 
babela umuzi = 
they are burning 
the grass round 
their kraal. 
Burst (as a pod), v. Cacamba. 

int. 
Burst out, t?., see " Break out." 
Bury, V. tr. Mbela. Fihla. 

Labia. 
Bush, n. I-sandhle {li-ma), 

Isi-kowa (clump). 
„ thick, or thorn y.Isi-nafia. 

Bushes, small cut, n. Ama-hlabla. 

Business, n. 



Busy, to be, v. int. 



In-daba. 
Um-landu. Plur, 

Ama-landu. 
Kutala. 
Lomsebenzi, adj. TJ 

lomsebenzi=he is 

busy. 
Kodwa. 



SHUN A. 

Tjera. Pisa. 

Babidzira. 

Ba no babidzira 

MUSHA. 



Patuga. Butiga. 
Tegenyura. 

BiGA. Taya. 
Easha. Tjerera. 
Tji-tondo. 

ISHAKA. 

Mu-nanga. 

RU-KATU. 

I-DENi {ri-ma). 
Ma-kwedzi. 

I-MOSWA. 



But, conj. 

see " Except." 
Butt end (of pole), n. Isi-dindi. 
(of grass). Isi-dindi. 

Ama-coba ocago. 
Pehla amacobo. 
Lu-vemvane {lu-zi). 



SiMBARARA. 

Namasimba, adj 
Nemabasa, adj. 

KOGA. 



Butter, n. 

„ to make, v 
Butterfly, n. 

Butter-milk, n. 
Buttock, n. 

Button, n. 

„ V.' 

Buy, V. 

By, prep. Gu. La. Na, and 

_ locative case. 
By means of, prep. Na. 



Um-bobe. 
Isi-bunu. 

Isi-kopelo. 
Aman-tiya (brass). 
Kopela. Pica. 
Tefia. 



GU-MATA. 

Tji-tako. 6u-nako. 
Ma-futa mkaka. 

SiGA MAFUTA. 

I-SHABi (ri-ma). 
I-viviRiRi (ri-ma). 
M-RiRi (rrm-Tni). 
I-BATU (ri-ma). 
Ma-tako. 
Tji-dzibiro. 
Tjin-doro. 
Petela. Zuna. 
Tenga. Shambad- 

ZIRA. ShUZHA. 

Na. Mu. Pa. 



Cal 



( 27 ) 



Can 



BMQLISH. 


TKBELE. 


SRUNA. 


Calabash (the vege 


- Li-komane. 


I-GABVU {ri-ma). 


table), u. 




T-PUDZi {ri-ma). 


(the vessel).l8i-xifia. 


I-DEXDE {ri-ma). 






M-TEPO {viu-mi). 






TjI-KABO. 


„ (large, foi 
beer), 
(dipper). 


• I-qaga {li-ma). 


I-DENDE {ri-ma). 


U-kezo {lu-zi). 


M-KOMBE (mu-mi). 






RU-GWAKU. 


Calf, n. (large). 


I-tole (li-ma). 


I-MURU. M-BOTANA. 


„ (small). 


I-nkonyana {li'-vm). 




„ (of the leg), n. 


Isi-tumbu. 


I-TSAPFO. 


Calico, n. 


I-lembu {ll-ma). 


M-TJEOA {mu-mi). 


„ a strip of, n. 


I-qele {li-ma). 


RU-NDAZA. 




In-daza. 


M-TJEOANA (mu-mi). 


„ a length of U-qoto (lu-zi). 


M-TJBGA {mu-mi). 


full width. 






„ a square. 


I-dukwe (for head). 
Isi-bipi (apron). 




Call, V. tr. 


Biza. 


Dana. Shobedza. 


„ together. 


Meineza. 


KOKA. 


„ by a name = tc 






give a name. 


Ta. 


Danidza. Tumidza. 


Calm, V. tr. 


Talisa. 


Nyararidza. 


., be, r. int. 


Tula. 


Nyarara. 
DziGAMA (in spirit). 


;ilve, V. 


Zala. 


ZWARA. 


imelopard, n. 


In-tndhla. 


N-SVVIZA. 


tmelthorn, n. 


Umu-ohlo. 


M-NYi'NGA {mu-mi). 
M-PUMPU (mu-mi). 


Camp, V. 


Caba. 


Baka. 

TeMA M8HASHA. 


„ n. 


Isi-honqo. 


M-8HASHA. 


Can, V. 


...lamandhla, and by ...nema8Imba. 




Potential mood. 




., n. (vessel). 


I-gapa {li-ma). 


I-GAPA (ri-wia). 


iacel,». 


Esula. 


PiSIOA. 


aiidle, n. 


Isi-banego. 
Isi-bane. 


M-VBNBQO 



Can 



( 28 ) 



Cas 



KNOLIbH. 

Candlestick, n. 



TKHKLK. 

Isi-xina sesibanego 



Cannibal, n. I-zimu {li-ma). 

Cannon, n. Um-baimbai. 

Isi-bamu. 
Canoe, n., see " Boat." Isi-kepu. 



Canter, v. 

Cap, n. 

„ percussion, n. 
Capability, n. 

Capable, be, v. 



Gada. Kitjima. 

In-guane. 

In-kohlo. 

Ama-ndhla. 

Ugw-azi. 

Azi. 

Lamandhla {adj.). 

Kulu. 

Tumba. 



Capacious, adj. 
Captive, take, v. 
Caracal, see "Lynx red." 
Carcase, n. Isi-dumbu. 

Care, to have, v. int. Dubega. 



„ take... of, V. tr. Londoloza. 
Carefully, adv. Gahle. 

Careless, to be, v. Delela. 

Ufia nanzeleli=lie 
is careless. 
Caress, v. tr. Gona. Sifiata. 

«eeaZso" Embrace." 



Carnivora, n. 
Carpenter, n. 
Carriage, n. 
Carry, v. 

„ (a load). 
see •' Transport." 

„ an infant. 

„ on the shoulder. Etjata, 

„ away. Susa. 

^art, n. Inkolo incinyane. 

Carve, v. Baza. 

Case, see "Box," "Affair." 



Izi-bande. 
Um-bazi. 
In-kolo. 
Pata. Sa. 
Twala. 

Beleta umntwana. 



SHUNA. 

. TjI-DENDETJOMVENE- 
GO. 

I-PFITTI HITRU. 

M-ziNGA {mu-mi). 
I-GWA (ri-ma). 
Bh-ato. 
Banga. Manya. 

DURUMA. 

I-Husi. Tji-tundu. 

Tjl-PEPB. Tjl-PESU. 
N-KOHLO. 

Ma-simba. 

GU-DZIBA. 
DZIBA. 

Nesimba (adj.). 

KURU. 

Tapa. Tora. 

M-TUMBi {mu-mi). 
M-TUMBu {mu-mi). 
DziRA. Netsega. 
Tambura. 
Tambudziga. 
Tjengeta. 

ZWA KA NAKA. 

a u nehanya. 

a a no rangarira. 

Tjinga. Tjinjiga. 

M-bada. 
I-MizHA {ri-ma). 

N-KORO. 

Bata. Isa. 

Senga. 

Berega mnwana. 

PiGURA. 
BiSA. DUSA. 

Nkoro idukwana. 
Bezha. 



Cas 



( 29 ) 



Cat 



ENGLISH. 


TKBRI.K. 


8RUHA. 


Cash, «., 


I-mali. 


N-DARAMA. 


see "Money." 






Cask, n. 


Ifatii (Dutch). 
Lahla. 




Cast away, v. tr. 


Rasha. Taya. 


„ (throw). 


Posa. 


Kanda. Posa. 


„ the skin. 


Hluba isikoko. 


SlTBURA GANDA. 


see "Change Coat." 


PFENYrRA. 


„ lots. 


Enzela imfimibi. 


Ita MAJBNYA. 
ItA MFUMBl. 


„ out. 


Xotja. 


TaNDA. DZINGA. 


„ (young). 


Punza. 


SODZA. 


Castor oil tree, n. 


Um-hlafuto. 


M-FUTi (mumi). 


Castrate, r. 


Pagula. 


TjEGA (of cattle). 




Tena. 


SiTNURA (of sheep). 


Cat, n. 


Un-kazi {j^l. on- 
kazi). 


■ U-NEMANGE (muho). 


„ wild. 


I-gola {It-ma). 


U-SAMANGA [mu-ha). 

N-DAMBI. 


„ (polecat). 


I-qaqa (lima). 
In-dhlozi. 


TjI-DEMBU. 


„ (tiger cat). 


N-ZUNZA. 


Cataract (of eye), n. 


Um-lafia. 


I-SHANOA. 
M-RANGA. 


„ (waterfall). 


Im-popomo. 


I-BOPOMA. 

I-FURERB {ri-ma). 


„ (rapids). 




Ma-ngondo. 


CaUrrh, n. see "Cold." 




Catch, 17. tr. 


Bamba, 


Bata. 


„ (foot in a hole), 


, Hitia. 
Kubega. 


PiNGWA. 


*f« "Stumble." 


GuSwA. 


„ (a ball). 


Gama. 


Gamvtjira. 


„ rain water. 


Begezela izulu. 


BiGinZIRA MVITRA. 
GaDZIGIRA MVITRA. 
TjINGII)?51RA mvcra. 


„ in a trap. 


Tiya. 


Teya. 


„ (a disease). 


Tata. Tatela. 
Tonsela. 


TORA. 


Caterpillar, rz. 


Isi-bufiu. 


T.II-PUOA. 




Isi-lwanakazana. 


T.FI-IMIOANANa. 


* 'attlo, n. 


In-komo. 


I-NOMBK. 


„ (without horns) I-hulahula {U-vud. 




„ -post. 


Um-lago. 


M-8HA.SHA. 


„ -post, to send 






cattle to a, v.tr. 


. Lagisa inkomo. 


Temera Sombb. 



Cat 



( 30 ) 



Cha 



ENGLISH. 


TKBKLE. 


SHUNA. 


Cattle dung (dry, ir 


I 




dust), n. 


Um-quba. 


M-FUDZI. 


„ (dry, in 


1 




clods). 


Ama-gade. 




„ „ fresh. 


Ubu-lonwe. 


N-DOBE. 


„ kraal, n. 


Isi-baya. 
TJm-zila. 


I-DANGA (ri-ma). 


„ path, n. 


N-GWARA. 


Cause, V. tr. 


Enza. Bafia. 


Ita. Gwisana. 




Use causative form of the \evh—e.q. 




Tula = be quiet = 


Nyara. 




Tulisa=make quiet: 


=^Nyaradza. 


Cautious, be, v. 


Hlaganipa. 


Nyenyeredza. 




Xwaya. 


Tjenjera. Tara- 

MUGA. EeYA. 


Cave, n. 


U-balu {lu-zi). 


I-BAKO (ri-ma). 


see also " Den." 






Cavil, V. 


Piga inkani. 


Ita daro. 


see also " Kaise a 


quarrel." 




Caw, V. 


Kala. 


Rira. Tjema. 


Cease, v. int. (leave 


> Yega. 


Rega. 


off) 


Yegela. 




„ „ (be at 






an end) 


' Pela. 


Pbra. 


Centipede, n. 


Inyoga yabafazi. 


I-MAMBARIZE. 
I-SUTJESUTJE. 

Tji-puga TJITSUKU. 


Centre, n. 


I-pagati. 


M-KATI. 


Certain, be (sure), v. 


ama 


SiMBA. SiMBARARA. 




aoto, adj. 


Dama gwazo, n. 




Nxolozela 


Reba zokwadi. 


„ (one), adj. 


Tile, tileyo, e.g. 
Umuntu tile = a 


NiNGINIGI. GWAYB. 

L 




certain^ person = 


MUNU GWAYE. 


Certainly, adv. 


Sibili. Noqoto. 


ZWANGU. GWAZO. 
ZOKWADl. 


Chafe, V. tr. 


Pocula. 


SUBURA. SOTORA. 


Chaff", 6-ee" Husks." 






Chain, n. 


I-ketane. 


Ma-ndarira. 


Chair, n. 


Isi-hlalo. 


Tji-garo. 


Challenge, v. 


aala. 


Tanga. 


Chameleon, n. 


U-nwaba {lu-zi). 


RU-AIVE. 


Chance, v. 


Hla, e.g. 

Wahla wafiga=h€ 

chanced to come. 





Cha 



( 31 ) 



Che 



BKOLI8H. 

Change, v. tr. 
„ V. ini. 
„ colour, V. int. 
„ coats (of ani- 
mals). 



,, of the moon 
see " Moon." 
Channel, «., large, U-dofia (lu-zi). 
deep and worn, Um-hotja. 
a natural wa- 
ter course. 
„ small, an arti- Um-sele. 
ficial furrow. 



TEDBLS. 8HUMA. 

Pendula. Shaxdi-ra. 

Penduga. Shasduga. 

Fipala. Fupala, Kopora. 
Hluba uboya = lose Mbnya makusi. 

the old hair. Gubura makusi. 

Hlunianboya=gain Bva makusi. 

the new hair. TrxGA makusi. 

MiRA NENGA. 

Twasa. Gar a. 



Chant, r. tr. 

Chapped, be, v. 
Chap, 71. 



Character, n. 
Charcoal, n. 
Charge of powder, ii. 
„ a gun, r. 

„ ^ (a price). 
Charitable, oflj., 

see " Kind." 
Charm (amulet), n. 

Chase, v., 

nee " Hunt" 
^'hasra, n. 

see "Channel." 
Chaste, ailj. 



Hlabela. 

Huba (of war song). 

Dabuga. 

Um-kenki. 

Umu-dwa. 

Um-dabugo. 
Ama-lahle. 
I-gavu ili-ma). 
Gava umpopo. 

Biza. Di&a. 
Lomusa. 



I-KORONGA. 

M-iioRONGA {mu-mi). 

RU-KOBA. 
I-BIRIPIRI. 

M-BUXDU {mu-mi). 
M-HOMBA (mu-mi). 
M-PAXZHE (mu-mi). 
M-TSBTSE (mu-mi). 
Imba. 

DiMUGA. PaRUGA. 

I-NA {ri-ma). 

M -TSETSE. 
MU-HVVE. 

M-ciARiRO (mu-mi). 
Ma-kara. Ma-zimbe. 

I-KARAGA. 

Karaga pfuti. 
Pag A PFUTI. 
Dana. Shaga. 

NOMKOWA. 



In-tebe. In-teme. I-hobodo. I-zanku. 

I-MFTTA. 



Clhatter, r. 
Cheap, adj. 



Landela. Landa. 
Umhotja. 
Cnma, r. Luna, r, 
Xoxa. Xogozela. 
Ka gni dhli iluto. 



KoxDA. Tkbera. 

TOBBRA. 
I-K0R0N(JA. 

RURAMA, r. NAKA,t?. 

Nyoro. 
Bo POM A. ZrwA. 
Itaxa maka. 



Che 



( 32 ) 



Chi 



ENGLISH. 

Cheat, V. tr. 



Eohlisa 



in selling), v. Dhla (umuntu), e.g. 
U fi.i dhlile = you 
have cheated me= 
Isi-hlati. 
Bona. 
Kuza. 

. . .lenhliziyo imhlope 
Jabula, V. Taba, v. 
Togoza, ?'. 
I-hlozi (li-ma). 
Ondhla. 
Isi-fuba. 



Cheek, n. 

Clieer (applaud), i\ 

also see " Comfort." 
Cheerful, adj. 



Cheetah, n. 
Cherish, v. tr. 
Chest, n. 

see " Box." 
Chew, V. tr. 

,, the cud, V. 
Chicken, n, 



Chide, v., see "Scold. 
Chief, n. 

„ petty. 

„ man of a town. 



wife. 



Chieftainship, n. 
Child, n. 

„ female. 
„ infant. 

'„ be with, V. 



Hlafuna. 

Etjisa. 

I-zinyane lenkuku. 



In-kosi, ^j>?. ama- 

kosi. 
In-kosana. 
In-duna. 
Um-ninomuzij j^l. 

omninomuzi. 
Um-niiiokaziiniizi. 
In-kosikazi. 



Ubu-kosi. 

Um-ntwana. 

Um-hadhlana, 

Isi-tandana. 

In-gane. 

Mita. 
Tata isisu, 
U lesisu. 



8HUNA. 

Tjengedza. 

Nyengedzera. 

Dya. 

Wa ka ndi dya. 

RU-SHAYA. 

Tenda. Bonga. 

BURA mere. 
,BlMBA, V. 

Tamba, v. Tenda, v. 
u ne meso a ka naka. 
1-DiDiNGWE {ri-tna). 
Rera. 
Tji-fuba. 

TSBNGA. 

Zeya. 

RU-TJIYO gwehuku. 

Mnw-ana w^ehuku. 

Ka-tiyo kehuku. 

Ka-na kehuku. 

i-hukwana. 

She, pi. Ba-she. 

I-TJiNDA {ri-ma). 

She. 

Mw-ene womusha. 

M-KURU. 

I-HOSI ipl. BA-HOSi). 

1-WOSIASHE. 1-HOSI- 

ASHE. 
M-RONGO. 
BU-SHE. 

Mnw-ana {pi. Bana). 
Tji-bhyere. 

M-SIGANA. I-DANANA. 

M-TJETJB. 

M-TJETJANA. 

U NEMIMBA. 

U NENUMBU. 

U NETJISU. 



Chi 



( 33 ) 



Cla 



EKOLI8H. 

Childhood, n. 
Chin, ru 
Chip, V. tr. 



(wood). 

„ stone, V. 
„ of wood, n. 

Chirp, V. 
Chisel, n. 

Chocolate colour, adj. 
Choke (in eating), v. 

int. 
Choke, v>. act. 
Choose, V. fr. 
r'hop, r, 
. off. 

up meat. 

down trees, 
(firewood). 



TKBELE. 

Uhu-ntwana. 

Isi-levn. 

Hlepula. 

Cezula. 



Candula. 

I-bazelo {H-ma). 

I-xozelo (li-ma). 

Eala. 

Is-anceli. 

Mpofu. 

Kanywa. 

Hitjwa. 

Kama. Hitja. 

Keta. 

duma. 

Qamula. 

Hlahla inTaina. 

Oamnla izihlahla. 
Banda. 



„ (mince). 

Chum, V. 
Chuming-stick, n. 

Cinders, n. 
Circle, n. 



Cobela. 
dobela. 
Pehla. 
Lu-pehlo. 

Ama-lahle. 
Isi-zifielezi. 



. to make a, v. tr. Enza isiziftelezi. 
., go round in a, v. 
. il, be, V. 



Clad, be (in clothes),r, 
see also " Clothe, 
(in a blanket). 



Zifielega. 
Cama. 
Uoga. 
Ambeswa. 



SHUWA. 
BU-TJETJANA. 
TjI-REBVU. 

MSwaurX. 

Mnwepfura. 

Banzura. 

KWATURA. 
TSEMURA. 

Tjenyura. 
Bandudza. 
I-BEZERO (ri-ma). 
I-teswo (rt-ma). 
RiRA. Tjema. 

M-BEZHO. 

TSUKU. 

DZIPIWA. 

Kapita. Dzipa. 
Shara. Sharudza. 

DiMURA. 

Dimura. Gura. 
Tema nyama. 
Dzanyira nyama. 
Tema miti. 
Banzura. Kwamura. 
kwanzura. 

KWATURA. 

Tjbgera. 
Tjbgerera. 

SiGA. PlTSHlGA. 

Rr-8ioA. 

M-PU8HIOO. 

Ma-kara. Ma-zimbb. 

Tji-monererb. 

Tji-tendkredzi. 

Monkkedza, 

Tenderedza. 

POTERRO a. POTKRBRA 
Ten DEN EO A. 
DZIGAMA. 

Mtjenb (adj.). 

PKBCIWA HANZU. 
FUOA. 



Cla 



( 34 ) 



CU 



ENGLISH. TEBBLE. 

Claim, V. Bafia. 

Clamber, v. Clansa. 

Clap the hands, ??. Clageza. 

Tjaya izandhla. 



Class (kind), n. U-hlobo (lu-zi). 

Claw, n. U-zipo {lu-zi). 

Clay (for pots), n. I-humba {li-ma). 

„ red, n. Li-bom vu.. 



Clean, be (washed), 
V. int. 

„ (pure). 
„ (of water), adj. 
Cleanse (clothes), ^. 
tr. 
„ (of vessels).. 

„ (boots)., 

„ (knives).. 
Clear off (grass), v. tr. 
„ (bush). 
„ away. 
,, out rubbish. 



a road. 



Hlanzega, e.g^ 

Gu klan2egile=it 

is clean. 
HIambuluga. 
Hie. 
Kezisa.. 

Hlanza.^ Kezisa. 
Hlambulula. 
Esula. Hlanza. 
Gudhla. Pucula. 
Centa. 
Caba. 
Susa. 

Tanyela izibi. 
Hola iaibi. 
Susa izibi. 
Ctala indhlela. 
Vula indhlela. 



„ to make {i.e. Cansisa. Kanyisa. 
elucidate). Clondisa. 

„ (of the sky), ?;. Cetula. Cweba. Sa. 
int. 
Clever, be, v. Hlaganipa. 

Cliff, n. Ili-wa. 



KWIRA. 

Ombera. 
eoba maboko. 

IdZA MABOKO. 
BUTJIRA MABOKO. 
EU-DZI. 
RU-NZARA. 

U-GWARA {ru-zi). 
I-vu {ri-ma). 

I-DABHYB. 

M-TAPO imu-mi). 

IVU TSUKU. TjI-SIRA. 

M-TJUKU {mu-mi). 

M-KUTU. 

Tjena, adj. SuGWA, 

e.</.ZwAKASUGWA. 
TjENA, a<1j. 
Naka, v. Tjena, adj. 
Ngudza. Shambidza. 

SUGA. 

Ngudza. Shambidza. 

SUGA^ 
PUSHIGA. 
RODZA. KUSHA. 

KuMA. Sebura. 
Tema. Dimura. 

MlRIDZA. BiSA.. 
TSWAILA MARARA. 
KaKATA MARARA. 

hura marara. 
Panda nzira. 
Banzura nzira. 
hwaira nzira. 

TjENISA. DZIBISISA. 

ruramidza. 

Venegidza. 

Idza. 

Makore a parara. 

Tjenjera. 

RU-WARE. 

I-were. 



Cli 



( 35 ) 



Coa 



KNOLI8H. 

Climb (hills), v. tr. 

„ (of plants). 

Clinch, V. tr. 

Cling to, V. 

Clinkers, lu 

Clod of earth, n. 

' lose (a door, etc.), v 

., the eyes. 

„ the hand. 

„ (a clasp knife). 

„ in (surround), 

V. tr. 
,, up (a pot). 

„ together, to be, 

r. int. 
., oflr. 
lose weather, n. 

Clot of blood, n. 
Clothe, V. tr. 



lothes, n. 

„ takeoll, r. //•. 

„ -line. 
Cloud, tu 
Club, n. 
Cluck (of fowls), r. 

Clump of trees, w. 
Coarse, be (of calico), 
V. int. 



TEBELE. 

Kwela. 

Uansa(of steep hills 

Tandela. 

Kwela. 

Gobisa (^izikonk- 

wana). 
Bamba. 
Tandela. 
Ama-nyeli. 
I-gade {li-7ua). 
. Vala. 

Cimeza amehlo. 
Fumbata isandhla. 
Peca. 

Hanqa. 

Namega. 

Minyana. 

Eduzana. 
Isi-kudumezi. 

I-hluli {lima). 
I-hlwili {li'vw). 



Clogisa. 



Izi-qogo. 

Susa iziqogo. 

Um-gibe. 

Ili-fu. Ama-yezi. 

In-duku. 

Kekeza. 

Isi-xugu sezihlabla. 

Kamisa. 

Kanya. 

Lala (light). 



KWIRA. 

MOXERERA. 
KWIRA. POMBERA. 
KOMBAMIDZA (HOKO). 



Bata. 

monera. pomba. 
Ma-nveri. Ma-zaya. 
I-viNGA {ri-ma). 
Zharira. Pfiga. 

TSIXZIRA MESO. 

Pfumbatira ruboko. 
kombamidza. 
tsibigira. fonyora. 

KOMBA. 
PlYA. 

BuwA. Nama. 

FUDIGA. 

Manigana. 

TSOGANA. 

Pedhlupediilu. 
dzi-tuguta. 

D2UYA, V. 

I-KOBA {ri-ma), 
I-ROPA {ri-ma,). 
Ma-vai. 
Pfega hanzu. 
isa hanzu. 

NgUNA HANZIT. 

Mbara hanzu. 
Senya hanzu. 

I-HANZU. 
BiSA HANZU. 
I-TJANDA. 

I-KORB {ri-ma). 

I-swi.MBo {ri-ma). 

Kkkkdza. 

Kkrp:kkra. 

i-dimburudzi. 

Shama. 

Pbpbrenga. 



Coa 



( 36 ) 



Col 



ENGLISH. 


TEBKLE. 


SHUMA. 


Coat, n. 


I-batji {li-ma). 


I-HANZU. 


Coax, V. 


Ncena. 


Nybngetera. 

Nybngetedza. 

Tetedza. 


Cob (of mealies), n. 


Isi-qu. 


Tji-gwenjere. 

I-GURINWA. I-GURI 

(rt-nia). 


Cobra, n. 


Li-pimpi. 


I-PFUNGAHORE 

(ri-via). 


Cobweb, n. 


Ubu-lembn. 


I-DANDEMTANDB. 

I-DANDIRA. 

I-DANDADZI. 


Cock (bird), n. 


I-qude. I-qudebe 


I-KUKURUMi (ri-ma). 




(li-ma). 


I-HUKURUMi {ri-ma). 


„ (of a gun), n. 


I-laulo {li-ma). 


N-GOBONO. 




Is-andhla sompopo. 


I-KANU {ri-ma). 

EU-KUNGA. 


„ (a gun), V. 


Laula. 


Kanura. Kunga. 


Cock-crow, n. 


Gu-kala gwenkuku 


. GU-RIRA GWEHUKU. 




Gu kala inkuku. 


GU KUKURIDZA HUKU. 


Coffee, n. 


Ikofi. 




Cognomen, n. 


Isi-bofio. 


M-TUPO {mu-mi). 


Coil, V. tr. 


Sofia. 


MONEREDZA. 


„ V. int. 


Zisofia» 


MoNA (of a snake). 






MONERA, 


Cold, adj. 


Lamakaza. 


Netjando. 
Nembawa. 




Ganda, ^. 


TONORA, V. 

Nemepo (cold from, 
wind). 


„ n. 


Ama-Jkaza. 


I-mepo. 




Um-qando. 


Tj-anda. 

M-BAWA. 


„ (the disease). 


Um-kuhlane.. 


Bu-gwere. I-gwara. 
. Tji-gwadzi. 
Tjitenda. 




U-pepa (hi-zi)^ in 


L I-KOSHORO. 




head and chest. 




,, to be, V. int. 


Godola. 


TONOGWA. 

Dbdera. 


Colic, n. 


I-nyoga. 'Sfi len 


- In-yoga. 




yoga = I have the 




colic= 


Ndi nbnyoga. 



Col 



( 37 ) 



Com 



KNOLI9H. 


TEBKI.K. 


8HUMA. 


Collect, r. int. 


Butana. 


BUNKANA. 
KOKORODZAXA. 


„ r. tr. 


Buta. 


BUNKANIDZA. 




Butisa. 


Kong A. 


„ (rubbish), r. 


Kukula. Kucula. 


Para. 


Colour, 71. 


Um-bala. 


M-BARA (mu-mi). 


Colt, n. 


I-tole lepiza. 


I-MURU YEMBIZI. 


Comb, fi. 


Um-vitjo. 


I-MBTU. 




Izi-nti zo^vitja. 


I-FETO (ri-ma). 


,, V. tr. 


Vitja. 


Meta.Feta. Petura. 


Combine, v. int. 


Hlanana. 


SHANOANA. 


„ 'v.tr. 


HlaMTiisa^ 


Shangaxidza. 


Come, V. int. 


Za. 


BuYA. Uya. 


„ (arrive). 


Figa. 


Swig A. 


„ near. 


Sondela. 


Sedera. 


see " Approach.' 


» 




„ in. 


Ngena. 


Nguna. Pinda. 


„ out. 


Puma. 


BUDA. BURIGA. 


„ down. 


Ehla. 


Buruga. 


see also " Descend." 




.. down to. 


Ehlela. 


BURUOIRA. 


., up (of seeds). 


Mila. 


BuDA. Dexera. 
Mera. 


.. to life. 


Vuga. 


Mug A. 


„ from (a place). 


Vela. 


BVA. 


„ together. 

(of butter in 


Hlanana. 


Shangana. 


Figa. 


SWIGA. 


chuminp). 






„ up with (over- Pica. 


Wana. 


take). 






., back. 


Biiyela. 


Dzoobra. Jooela. 


.. off (as hair). 


Hlutuga. 


Bvuriga. Menega. 

HUDUGA. 


„ out from (the 


Kumuga. 


GuGA. Shomoga. 


handle). 


Piinyuga. 


SOTOGA. 


„ out (of teetli). 


Kumuga. 


GiTOA. Shomoga. 


„ away from,t?. tr 


.Tjiya. 


SlYA. 


„ after, v. tr. 


Landela. 


Honda. Tbbbra. 


Comfort, V. tr. 


Vusa inhliziyo. 


Mi:t8A moyo. 


„ a child. 


Loloiela umtwana. 


NyARADZA MJiWANA. 


Comic, to be, v. 


Hlegiaa, r. tr. 


Sbgedza, v. tr. 




Soma, r. intr. 


Sangadza, t'. tr. 
Nbma, v. int. 



Com 



( 38 ) 



Con 



ENGLISH. 


TEBRLE. 


SHDNA. 


Command, v. 


Laya. 


Eaya. Rayira. 

Bl DZA. 


„ n. 


Um-layo. 


I-DAMA {ri-ma). 




Ili-zwi. 


I-HWi (r-i-ma). 

M-RAYIRO. 


see also " Law." 




M-SHOKO {ri-ma). 


Commence, v. 


aala. 


Tanga. Bvira. 


Commend, v. 


Babaza^ 


KUNGURA. 




Hauza. 


Nyemura. 


Commit, v. tr. 


Enza. 


Ita. 


„ sin, see " Sin." 




Compact, be (close), 


V. Hlafiana. 


Shangana. 


(firm). 


aina. 


SiMBA. 


Companion, n. 


Um-na gwetu. 


M-kwanyina 




Um-fetu ( = umfo 


(WANGU). 




wetu). 




Company, n. 


I-bandhla {li-ma). 
Isi-qetjana. 


I-DANGA {ri-ma). 


„ of soldiers. 


?Ll8i-gaba. 
I-xiba {li-ma). 


I-BIGO {ri-ma). 




I-MANA {ri-ma). 


Compare, v, tr. 


Fanisa. 


Fananidza. 




Lifianisa. 


RiDZANISA. 

Idzanisa. 


Compassion, n. 


XJmu-sa. 


M-TSWENE {mu-mi). 


see " Kindness." 


Isi-hau. 


RU-DZIBO. 


Compel, V. 


Quba. 


Tina. 
Tagura. 


Complain, v. 


Sola. 


KURUMNRA. 
TSAGAMNWA. 


Complete, v. tr. 


aeda. 


Pedza. 


Complicated, be, v. 


Nxibana. 


Key ANA. 




Nxaganxaga. 


PiSANISKWA. 
KORBGANA. 
PlYANA. 
POTANA. 


Compress, v. tr., 


Bandezela. 


Bandidzira. 


see "Squeeze." 


Cindezela. 


DZWANYIDZIRA. 


Comrade, n. 


Umna gwetu. 


M-KWANYINA 




Umfetu. 


(WANGU). 


Conceal, v. tr. 


Fihla. 


Bandisa. Banza. 




Sita. 


BiGA. 


Conceited, be, v. 


Zibabaza. 


ZWIZUWIDZA. 




Zikukumeza. 


ZWIKUDZA. 



Con 



( 89 ) 



Con 



KNOMSH. 


TBBKLK. 


SHDNA. 


Conceited, be, v. 


Kuknmala. 


ZWIDUNGUMIDZA. 




Ziqajn. 


ZWIKURISA. 




Zikulisa. 


ZWIKURUMIDZA. 


Concerning, prep. 


Na. 


Na. Tja. 


Oonciliate, v. tr. 


Lamula. 


R AMUR A. 




Tulisa. 


Nyaradza. 




Ncibiligisa. 


RaNDI DZA. 


ndemn judicial I3' 


Bulala. 


BURAYA. 


V. 


Labia. 


Easha, 
Taya. 


Condition (state), n. 


Ugu-hlala. 


GU-UARA. 




Ugu-ma. 


GU-MIRA. 

M-TOBO {mu-mi). 


,, beingoodjV.iw^ Nona. 


KORA. 


Conduct, n. 


Ugw-enza. 


GW-ITA. 


„ (guide), V. tr. 


Pelegezela. 


Perb(;a. 




Tunamela. 


TUNGAMIRA. 




anba. 


Rati DZA. 

SUNDAIDZA. 
TONBEDZA. 



ney, w., see "Rock Rabbit." 
>nfes.s, V. tr. Vumela izono. 

Vumela umlandu. 
Confidence in, to have. Temba gu... 
or put, V. Kolwa gu... 



Confine, v. tr. Bopa. 

Confirm, v. tr. Qinisa. 

Confiscate, v. tr. Dhla. Qeda. e.q. In- 
kosi ya mn dhla 
= the kin«; confis- 
cated all his goods. 

Conflict, w,, see "Battle." 
„ (domestic), n. Um-bafio. 



Confluence, n. 

Confound, ) . , 
Confu.se, (' 

Confused, be, v. 



In-hlafto. 

Pasaza. 
Pazamisa. 

Pasazega. 



Tenda moswa. 
Byumira moswa. 
moyo u no gar a ou... 

MOYO U NO GADZA 
GIT... 

PfuSoa gu... 

SrNGA. 
SiMBISA. 

Dhla Dya. Pedza. 
She wa m pedza — 
the king confiscati d 
all he had. 

M-pabarira. 
I-<nviRANA (ri-ma\ 
Ma-diro. 

Pa NO RII^NGANA. 

Bvitbanidza. 

Vanganidza. 

Piya. 

Piyboa. 

dzidziqa, 



Con 



( 40 ) 



Con 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. 

Congratiilate, v. tr. Enza " amehlo am- 
hlope." 
U hlalelani u fia ni 
enzi amehlo am- 
Mope = wliy do 
you not congratu- 
late me ? 

Congregate, v. int., see "Collect." 
Connect, v. tr. Hlafianisa. 

Conquer, v. tr. AWula. Nqol)a. 



Conscience, n. 
Consent, v. 



U-valo {lu-zi). 
Vuma. 



Consider, v. int. Nagana. 



Console, v. tr. 

Conspicuous, adj. 

Conspire, v. 
Constipated, be, v. 



Euza (only used to 
the king). 

Kalela. 

Lilela. 

(S)obaleni. 

Kanya, v. Gu ya 
kanya=it is con- 
spicuous = 

Ba&a umbafio. 

Gumbela isisu. 
Isisu si lukuni. 



Consult, V. Kulumana. 

Consume (of fire), v. Tjisa. 

tr., see also "Eat." 
Contact, place in, v. Hlananisa. 
Contempt, show, v., Kafulela amate. 

see also "Despise." 
Contend, v., see "Dispute." 
Contented, be, v. Kolwa. 
(Dela). 



SHUNA. 

Ita "Matjena" (on 

return from war). 
Ita " Makorogoto " 

(on return from 

hunting). 
Ita " Makuni." 
Ita " Madzoga dzi 

buya." 

Shanganidza. 

KONA. KUNDA. 

Tadza. Kurira. 

I-HANA. 
BVUMA. 

Dabira. 

Pfunga. 

Karakana. 

Erekana. 

Rangarira. 

Nyaradza. 

Ririra. 
Tjemera. 
(gu Ri) Patjena. 
Tjena, v. 

Zwi NO tjena. 

GWIRA NAKA. 

Rangana. 

dzimbigwa. 

Manigwa^ 

Tadziwa gu buda. 

bvunzana. 

Pisa. 

Shanganidza. 
Pfira mate. 

SWIPIRA mate. 

Kogwa. 
Tbnda. 
Garigana. 
Guta. 



Con 



( 41 ) 



Cor 



ENGLISH. 

Continually, cult: 



Contradict, v. 
see " Deny." 
Contrast, v. tr. 

Control, V. tr. 



11 
Convalescent, be, v. 



Convenient, be, v. 
Convert, v. tr. 
Convey, v. tr. 

see "Transport." 
Convince, v. tr. 
Coo, V. 
Cook (by boiling), v. 

„ (by roasting), v. 
Cooked, be, v. 
Cool, culj. 

see also ''Cold.'' 

Cool, V. tr. 

«c«afeo "Fan." 
Coop, n. 



Njalonjalo. 

Insuku zonke. 

Jifia {v.) wa jifia wa 
figa=he continu- 
ally caine= 

Landula. 

Linanisa. 

Bainba. Tinta. 

aila. 

Ama-ndhla. 

Totoba. Dondolozela, 

Ncibiliga inhliziyo. 

(Ugu-ba) Ncono. 

Fanela. 

Pendula. 

Sa. 

Twala. 

Pendula, 

Kala. 

Pega. 

Osa. 

Vutwa. 

Clanda {v.) Lamhla 
gvi ya qanda=it 
is cool to-day = 

Polisa. 

Qandisa. 

Isi-xaxa. 

Lu-lilaga. 



Copper, 71., see "Brass.' 



Copse, n. 



Copulate, V. 

„ (of cattle). 

J, (of dogs). 
Cord, n. 

Cork, n., see " Stopper. 
Com, Indian, see "Mealies.* 



Isi-kowa. 

Isi'kowana. 

Isi xue:u sezihlabla. 

I sandhlana. 

Lalala... Sata. 

Zega. 

Pifta. 

In-tambo. 



8HUKA. 
ZWAKARE. 

Mazhuba osb. 
;Misi yoseyose. 
Pama, v. Rahba, v. 
Wa pama wa swioa. 
Ramba. 

RiDZANISA. 

Idzanisa. 
Bata. Tina. 

Ma-simba. 
Nanoaira. 



Fanira. 
Shandura. 

ISA. 

Senga. 
Shandura. 
Rira. Tjema. 

BiGA. 

Otja. 
Ibva. 

TONORA, V. PORA, v. 

Nasi zwi no tomora. 

PORODZA. 
TONODZA. 

Tji-zengwb. 
ru-gwanoa. 

I-DBNDERB (W-WUl). 

Tji-tondo. I-DZBSB. 



Tji-shaka. 

SWIRA. 
KWIKA. 

KWIRA. Shbtbra. 
M-8UNOO {mu-mi}. 



Cor 



( 42 ) 



Cov 



KKGLI8H. TEBELE. 

Corn, Kafir, n. Ama-bele. 

„ ear, or head Isi-kwebu. 

of, n. 
„ boiled, n. In-kobi. 

„ wet from the Um-ncatja. 

hole, 71. 

„ to rub in the Hlosa amabele. 
hand, u, see also "Stamp," 
Cornfield, «ee" Garden." 



Ck)mer, n. 

Corpse, 71. 
Corpulent, be, v. 

Correct, v. tr. 

Cost, V. tr. 
Cotton (raw), n. 

„ (sewing). 

Cough, V. 



Count, V. 
Countenance, n. 

Country, n. 

wooded. 



„ open. 

„ between 

towns, n. 
Courage, n. 

Court (a girl), v. 
Cover (a pot), v. 

„ (the eyes). 

„ (in a grave). 



In-gosi. In-goxo. 

In-goxwana. 
Isi-dumbu. 
Nona. 

Umkaba=pot belly. 
Lufiisa. 

Dhla. 
U-tjinda {hi-zi). 

Um-nxeba. 

Kwehlela. 
Upepa {lu-zi). 

Bala. 

Ubu-so. 

Ame-hlo. 

Ili-zwe {pi. izizwe). 

Ama-sandhle. 

Ama-hlati. 

Ama-cege. 

I-gana {ll-ma). 

U-mafio. 

Isi-kala. 

Ubu-qawe. 

Isi-bindi. 

Kombisa. 

Sibegela. 

Gubuza. 

Clibela. 



8HUNA. 

Ma-pfundb. ZWIYO. 
I-HURA (ri-ma). 
I-PFUNDE {ri-ma). 
M-TAKURA {mu-mi). 

TjA-NYOROBERA. 
ZwiYO ZWA KA NYO- 

ROBERA, 
PUNGA MAPFUNDB. 



Pa madzibo... 
Pa ka shangana. 

M-TUMBI. 
KORA. 

Mtumbu mkuru. 

ruramidza. 

Natsidza. Gadzira. 

Dya. 

U-TJINDA {ru-dzi). 

I-DONJE {ri-ma). 

RU-DZINGO. 
RU-TJINGA. 
KOSHORA. 

I-KOSOKOso {ri-ma). 
I-GwosHORO {ri-ma). 
Bara. Berenga. 
I-MAZHA {ri-m/i). 
Me-so. 
I-nyiga. 

I-DONDO {ri-ma). 
I-SHAKA {ri-ma). 
Ma-renje. 

M-SHANGu {mu-mi). 
I-DUNU {ri-ma). 

I-MAZl. 

GuGUTU, adj. 
Nyenga. Puma. 

FUDIGA. FUNUGIRA. 
FUGIDZA. 

Fuganyira. 

FUSIRA. 



Cov 



( 48 ) 



Cre 



KNOL18H. 


TKBKLE. 


8HUNA. 


< over (in seeds). 


Fulela. 


Pfurira. 




Uibela. 


FUGIDZA. 


( 'ovet, V. 


Haiieela izinto. 
Lomhau. 


Tjiba. 


Covetous, adj. 


Net JIB A. Nemoyo. 






Neruswiku. 


Cow, 11. 


In-komokazi. 


I-NOMBEHADZI. 




lu-sikazi. 


I-MOU. 


„ (barren), 7i. 


I-nyumbakazi. 


N-TtOMHA. I-MANJB. 




I-fambele. 


I-SHENJERE. I-SENZB. 


Cow's udder, w. 


I-bele {If -ma). 


I-ZAMU {ri-ina). 


„ teat, lu 


Um-bele. 


Mr-NYATSO. 


Coward, n. 


Li-ewala. 
In-kala. 


Hya, r. 


Crab (land), n. 


Ka-kadzamba. 






Ka-kanjb. 


Crack, r. tr. 


Dabula. 


Paui'ra. Banzura. 

DlMl'RA. BVARURA. 


„ r. inf. 


Dabuga. 


Paruga. Banzuga. 
Dimu(;a. Bvaruga. 


,, It. 


Um-kenki. 


Mr-TSETSE. In A 
ri-iiia). 




Umu-dwa. 


Mu-HWE. M-pari:ru. 

Mr-TSKWE. 


„ (a whip), V. tr. 


Ealisa. dansula. 


RlRIDZA. RiDZA. 


,, (of a whip), 


Ququmba. 
Kafa. 


Dagwira. 


V. intr. 


JllUA. 


Crafty, be, v. 


Hlaeanipa. 
I-qili (//.), {ll-7na). 


Tjenjera. Veya. 




N EX J ERE, adj. 


Cramp, n. 


In-kantju. 


I-MOXKO. 


Crane, white, n. 


I-hemu. 


I-HORORO (ri-via). 




I-heme (It-ma). 


I-iioRovvANE (ri-ma). 


„ blue, n. 


Umu-dwa. 


I-joRKWE {ri-'nia). 


Crawl (of children),) 


L'.Kasa. Gaqa. 


GWAMBAYIRA. 
KWABARIGA. 


„ (of insects). 


Hamba. Gaqa. 


Enda. Famba. 
gwambayira. 


Crazy person, n. 


Lu-hlanya. 


M-PENGO imu-mi), 
I-BENZi (ri-ma). 
Penga, v. 


Cream, it. 


U-laza (lu). 


RlJ-BOMBO. 


Cream of tartar tree 


, Um-hlali. 


M-TUMBA {mu-mi). 


71. 

Create, v. 


Bumba. 


Bumba. 




Dabula. Pehla. 


Parira. Siga. 



Ore 



( 44 ) 



Cro 



ENGLISH. TRBELE. 

Creator, n, Um-bumbi. 

Um-dabuli. 

Creep, v., see " Crawl." 
„ (of plants). Naba. Enaba. 

Crest (head orna- In-dhlugula. 
ment), n. 

Cricket (the in- 
sect), n. 

Crime, see " Sin." 

Crimson, adj. Bomvu. 

Cringe, v. Kokoba. Kotama. 



Croak (of frogs), v. Kala. Xoxa. 

Crocodile, n. In-gwenya. 

Crocodile River, n. U-benwana. 

Crook, n. Isi-gwegwe. 



Crooked, be, v. (of 6oba. 
sticks, etc.). 
„ (of paths, Zombazomba. 

and walking). 
Cross (a river), v. Capa. Wela. 

„ (a country). Dabula. 

„ the arms. Pambanisa ingalo. 

„ out, «ee "Erase." 
Crosswise, be, v. Pambana. 
Cross, n. Isi-pambano. 



Crow, V. 



„ n. 
Crowd, n. 



„ (crush), V. 



Kala. 

Li-hwabai {U-ma). 

Isi-jiyo. 

Isi-xugu. 

Bandezela. 



„ (gathering to- Butana. 
gether) v. Bunazela. 

Crown (of the head), Enkanda {loc). 



SHUNA. 
M-IUJMBI. M-SIGI. 
M-PARURl. 

Tandabara. 
i-nyumbu. n-gundu. 
Tji-guru. 

1-NYENSE. 



TsuKiT. Shaba, v. 

KOMBAMA. TSIBAMA. 
KOKOBARA. 
GWAMBAYIRA. 
RlRA. TjEMA. 

I-GAMBiNGA {ri-mo). 

I-GARGWE. 

Tji-kokobo. N-GOBO. 

Tji-kokobaro. 

Tji-kombamo. 

KOMBAMA. 

Kombiriga. Pota. 
kondama. mona. 
Ambuga. 

DiMURA. PaRURA. 

Tjinjiga maboko. 

Pesana. Potsana. 
M-TjiNJiGO {mu-mi). 
Tjema. 
kukuridza. 
I-GUNGUBO (ri-ma). 
I-DANGA (ri-ma). 

MU-DUNGWE. 

I-numbu {ri-ma). 
Bandidzira. 
dzwanyidzira. 
tsambidzira. 

BUNGANA, 

Nyiginyira. 
i-nongoma. 



Crn 



( 45 ) 



Cur 



ENGLISH. 


TEDELB. 


8HUHA. 


Cruel, oflj. 


Lolunya. 


Netjinya. Nehasha- 
Negodo. Gugutu 
(hard). 


Cruelty, n. 


Ulu-nya. 


I-HASHA. I-TJENYA. 

I-GODO {ri-ma). 


Crumbs, n. 


Im-vntu. 


Ml-FUNGA. 

Ma-rara. 


Crush, V. 


Eanda. 


Bhaxya. 


„ stx)nes. 


Xoba amatje. 


Bhanya mabhe. 


„ under foot as 


Bulala nenyawo. 


BURAYA NEGUMBO. 


an insect. 


Cibigeza nenyawo. 
Piciza fienyawo. 


Bhanya nbgumbo. 


„ (as an egg), r. 


Bohloza. 


Bhanya. 




Bulala. 


Buraya. 


„ com, see "Stamp." 




Cry. 


Kala. Lila. 


RiRA. Tjema, 


„ (lamentation), n 


Isi-Ulo. 


GU-TJEMA. 


Cub, ru 


I-undhlu. 


Mnw-ana(na). 


Cud, to chew, v. 


Etjisa. 


Tseng A. Zeya. 


Cultivate, v. 


Lima. 


RlMA. 


Cunning, iu 


Um-lembezi. 


I-njerb. 




Ubu-qili. Ubu-kali 


. Veya, v. 




Li-qili. 


= M-tjenjebvu = a 
cunning one. 


Cap (let blood), v. 


Lumega. 


RUMIGA. 


„ (vessel), n. 


I-ncebetu. 


I-seme {ri-ma). 




Im-beni. 


N-DENA. 




Isi-ja. 


M-BIYA. 


Cupping horn, n. 


U-pondo {lu-zi). 


M-RUMIGO. 


Curdle^ v. int. 




Ita mapundu. 


Cure, V. tr. 


Elapa. Polisa. 


Rapa. 

TONODZA. 




Silisa. Siza. 


T.TIDZA. 


Curl, V. tr. 




KOSHA. 


„ (of hair oJ 


Um-banqo. 


I-MUZB {ri-maX 


head), n. 






Current of a stream 


, Ugn-hamba gwa 


■ GW-ERERA GWEMVIT- 


n. 


manzi. 


RA. 




Ugu-kitjima gwa 






manzi. 




^urry skin, v. 


Tjuga isikoko. 


Sl'GA OANDA. 


Curse, V. 


Tetisa. 


POPOTBRA. 

TUOA. TUOAKIRA. 



Cus 



( 46 ) 



Das 



EMOLISH. 

Custom, n. 



Cut, V. 

„ off, or across, v. 

„ through (length- 
wise), V. 

„ a skin down the 
middle, v. 

„ a skin in strips, ^;. 

„ down trees, v. 

„ hair, v. 

„ corn, V. 

„ up meat, v. 

„ hole in ear lobe. 

„ the head open 

„ (6ghting). 

,, in two. 



Um-kubo. 
Ugu-ma. 
Ugn-hamba. 
Ugw-enza. 

Siga. 

Quma. 

Siga. Dabula. 

Ctaza isikoko. 

Befia isikoko. 
Gamula izihlahla. 
Hula ikanda. 
Siga inwele. 
Vuna amabele. 
Hlahlela inyama. 
Tletla indhlebe. 
Hlahla ikanda. 
Coba ikanda. 
Ctamula pagati. 



SHUNA. 

M-c;ar[R(). Hu-CtAra. 

Gu-MIRA. MU-KO. 
I-GUTA. KU-TSI. 
HW-ITA. GW-ITA. 

I-TSiGA {rUma). 

Tjega. 

Tema. 

Parura. Dimura. 

BVARURA. 

Tjega qanda pa- 
gati. 
Bedzenga ganda. 
Tema miti. 
Tjega ma-vudzi. 

Tjega ma-pfundb. 
Temera nyama. 
Tjega nzebe. 
Tema msoro. 

Dimura mkati. 
Gura. 



Daily, adv. 

Dam (of water), n. 

see " Pond." 
Damage, v. t7\ 



Amalana onke. 
Kamalafia onke. 
I-cibi (li-ma). 

Apnla (break). 
Bulala (general). 
Onisa (spoil). 
Manzi. 



Damp, adj. 

see "Sprinkle " "Soak." 
Dance, v. Gida. 

Sina. 
„ twisting the body. Tjotj a. 
Danger, n. Ugu-fa. In-gozi. 

Dare, v. Lina. 

Dark, adj. Mnyama. 

„ become, v. Hlwa. 

Dash down, v. tr. Pahlaza. 



Nemazhuba ose. 
Nemise yose. 
I-GAWA {ri-ma). 

Vuna. Hlora. 

BURAYA. 
TjINYA. 

Nyoro. 

DZANA. 

Tamba. 

GU-FA. 

Edza. 

Eima. Halima,. 

SWIBA. 

Bhanya. 



Dau 



( 47 ) 



Dec 



BNOLI8H. 

Daub, v., see " Plaster. 
Daughter, u. 



TRBELR. 



Dawdle, v. 

Dawn, V. 

„ very early. 
Day, n. 



(to day) n. 
yesterday, n. 
before y ester 

day. 
after to-morrow. Umhlamunye 



Umntwana 
nkazana. 
In-dodakazi. 
Libala. 
Puza. 
Sa. 

U-vivi (n.) (lu). 
I-lafia [li-ma). 
U-sukn (lu-zi). 
Lamuhla. 
I-zolo. 
Gutafii. 



yi- 



that day when. Umhlana. 

by day. Insuku fiensuku. 



Deaf man. n. 
Dear, be (loved), v. 

„ (costly). 



Death, n. 

,, be at the point 

of, V. 
Debate, v., see "Discuss." 



Ea a landhlebe. 

Tandega. 

Tandwa. 

Gudhla imali = it is 

dear. 
Gu &i dhla=it eats 

me = 
Ugn-fa. 
Layela. 



Ubn-tagataga. 

Um-landu. 

Guga. 

Sola. 

Kohlisa. Yefia. 

Gubuzela. 
Decide, v., see "Acquit," "Condemn." 
Declare, r., see " Tell," " Announce." 
Decline, t'., see " Refuse." 
Declivity, n. Um-t€ZUgo. 



Debility, n. 

Dtht, n. 

I )o<:ay, v. (j?row old). 

„ V. (rot). 
Deceive, v. tr. 



8H0NA. 

PlNZA. 

Mnwana msioana. 

Tji-bhere. 
Fara. Roxda. 

NONOGA. BaRAIGWA. 

Edza. 

Mangwanana. 
I-ZHUBA (ri-via). 
M-si (viu-mi). 
Nasi. 

I-ZHURO. 
IZHURrRIYA. 

Makimnwe zuro. 
Mnw-esi. Mu-si. 
mu-mnwe musi. 

I-Zni'RURIYA. 

Ma-rimnwe zuro. 
M-yi, or Mi:-si. N-si. 
Mazhuba ose. 
Mazhuba mazhuba. 

MiSI YOSB. 

I-mauri. 
Dig A. 

DlWA. 

Nagisa. 

Gu NDI DYA. 
GU-FA. 



Bu-nyoronyoro. 
Mu-RAN'DU. I-.moswa. 
SHAKARA. 

Bora. 

TjENCiEDZA. 

Nybngbdza. 



Ma-hwbrb. 



Dec 



( 48 ) 



Den 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. 

Decorate (the per- Cecisa. 



sou), V. 
Decoy, v. 
Decrease, i\ int. 

Dedicate, v. 
Deep, adj. 



Vunula. 

Tiya. 

Ncipa. 

Ahluganisela. 
De. 



Defeat, v. 
Defend, v. 



Tjona V. 
Ahlula. Nqoba. 

Linda. 

Vigela. 

Deficient, be, v. Swelega. 

Defile, V. tr. (pollute). Onela. 

see aZso" Stir up," "Foul." 
Defraud, v., see " Cheat." 
Degrade, v. tr. Kupa. 

Dejected, be, v. Dabnga. 

see also " Sorrowful." 
Delay, v. tr. Libazisa. 

„ V. int. Libala. 

see also " Dawdle." Pnza 



Deliberate, v. 

Delight, V. int. 

Delineate, v. tr. 
Deliver, v. 



Kulumana. 
Patana. 



Jabula. 

Togoza. 

Dweba. 

Kulula. 

Knpa. 

Siza. 

Nigela. 



Taba. 



Deliver up, v. 
Delude, see "Deceive." 
Demand, v. Biza. 

Demolish, v. tr., Diliza. 

sec "Destroy." Cita. 



Den, n. 



U-balu (lu-zi). 
TJm-hume. 



SHUN A. 
SiMlRA. 

Mbara. 
Teya. 

DUKWANA. ShOMA. 
SWIBA. 

Dimurira. 
KuRE. Refu. 
DziGA, V. Reba, V 
Nyura, v. 
kona. kunda. 

KURIRA. 

RiNDA. 

DZIBIRA. 

Shayiga. 
bvongodza. 



BVISA. BURIDZA. 
DUSA. 

Paruga. 

Baraidza. 
Fara. 

NONOGA. 

Reran A. 
Reberegana. 
Taurana. 
BiMBA. Fara. 

HlYA. 

Tara. 

SUNUNGURA. 

PONESA. 

TjIDZA. 

Pa. 

Dana. Shobedza. 

koromora. 

Pfurunyura. 

PUTSA. 
I-BAKO. 

M-siMA (mu-mi). 
M-PATA (mu-mi). 

MW-INA. 



Den 



( 49 ) 



Dev 



ENGLISH. 


TKBELE. 


8HDNA. 


Deny, v. 


Ala. Landula. Piga,RAMBA. Pagana. 


„ persistently. 


Badazeia. 


Manadzira. 


Depart, v. 


Kupuga. Muga. 


Mi RIG A. 




Suga. 


Muga. Muruoa. 




Hamba. 


Famba. Tama. 


Depend on, v. 


Temba eru... 


Pfunoa gu... 


see ''Confidence in." 




Dependent, a, n. 


In-konzo. 




Depth, 71. 


Ubu-de. 


BU-REFU. GU-DZIGA. 

Gu-nyuba. 


Deride, v. 


Hlega. Linisa. Kolo 
dela. Tlolodela. 
Tiinela. Hena. 


- Sega. 


Descend, v. 


Elila. Ehlela. 


BURUKA. 
Bl'RUKIRA. 




Ehliga. 


Deruka. 


., of the ground, i: 


. Tezuga. 


Dendeluga. 


see also "Slope." 






Describe, v. 


Landisa. 


BUDZIRA. 


Ddsert, V. tr. 


Tjiva. 
Labia. 


Siya. 




Rasha. 


„ a post, V. 


Balega. 


Nveruga. 




Muga. 


TiZHA. 


„ 71., 


Ama-halihali. 


Ma-rbnjb. 


see " Barren.'* 






Deserted kraal, u. 


Li-nxiwa. 


I-dongo {ri-ma). 


„ gardens, n. 


Ainafusi. 


Ma-kura. 


Deserve, v. 


Fanela. 


Fanira. 


Desire, v. 


Fisa. Kanuga. 


Disa. Zwimba. 




Ealela. 


Tjemera. 


Despise, v. 


Delela. 


ZWIDZA. SODZA. 




Eya. 


Nyenya. Ramba. 




Kafulela amate. 


Pfira mate, 
swipira mate. 

" U NO NDI BONA, NDI 
RI BUDUKU." 


Destroy (life), v. 


Bulala. 


BURAYA. 


„ (property). 


Bulala. 


Paradza. 




Cita. 


PURUMURA. 

Tjbnya. 




Cita. 


Paradza. 




Hlasela. Hasa. 


Tbbura. 


Dovil, n. 


Umoya mubi. 





Dev 



( BO ) 



Dir 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. 

Devour, v. (eat ra- Minza. 
venous ly). 



Dew, n. 



Ama-zolo. 



Dexterous, be, v. Hlaganipa. 
Diarrhoea, to have, r. Huda. Tjega. 
„ (of people). 
„ (of cattle). Tjega. 
Die, V. Fa. 

Different, adj. Ka ha faiiani=they 

are not alike = 
„ in length. Dhlulana, v. 
Difficult, adj. Lukuni. 

Difficulty, a great, n. In-kalagata. 
Dig (a hole), v. Mba {imper. Mhana) 

„ (cultivate). Lima. 

„ up fresh soil, v. data. 
Dignified, he, v. Kuliswa. 

Dilatory, he, v. Lihala. 

see also " Dav^^dle." 
Diligent, he, v. Kutala. 



Diminish, v. tr. 



Ncipisa. 
Dhla. 



deda. 
Din, n., see " Noise." Um-sindo. 
Dip (ladle), v. tr. Ka. 
„ into water, v. tr. Cwilisa. 

Faga emanzini. 
Direct, go, v. int. donda. 

„ (point out), V. fr.Komha. 
see also " Conduct." 
„ (order), v. Layela. 
Tjela. 
Directly, adj. Katesi. 



Dirt, w. 



I-ncegeza. 



8HUNA. 

Dhlisa. 

" U NENIYO." 
" TJ NENUMBU." 

I-DOBA (ri-ma). 
I-BETA (ri-ma). 
T-KAWA (ri-ma). 

TjKNJEUA. 

Panza. 

Panza. 
Fa. 

A BA FANANI 
PiNDANA, V. 
GUGUTU. 
I-HOFORI. 

.Tja. Tjera. Send a. 

RlMA. 

RiMA. Sebura. 

KURISWA. 

Fara. 

Namasimba, adj, 

Simbarara. 

dugwanisa. 

Shomanisa. 

Tetepa. 

Pedza. 

I-ZHOBA (ri-md). 

Tega. Tjera. Tsera. 

Nyura. 

Nyudza. 

TONDEGA. 
RURAMA. 
TONDBGA. 

Rayira. 

BUDZA. 

GUBENU. ZWINU. 

GWENU. 

I-swiNA (ri-ma). 

I-DOMBA. 
I-SHAMHA. 



Dir 



( 51 ) 



Dis 



KMOLISH. 

Dirty, adv. 

,, make, v. 

see also '* Foul.' 
Disagree, v. 



TEREI.E. 

Lencegeza. 
Onela. 
Ninda. 
Ahlugana. 



see also " Discuss." Xabana. 
Pigisana. 

Disappear, v. int. Catja. 

Sitega. Tjona. 
Disappointed, be. v. Dana. 

Tjwaba. 
Discharge, n., see " Pus." 
„ (as a wound), v. Poboga. 
„ (dismiss from Xotja. Mug^sa, 

employ). 
„ (a gun). l^jaya. Posa. 

Discontented, be, v. Kalala. Sola. Eya, 

Discover, v. tr. Kupulnla. 

Vumbulula. 
Tola. Bona. 

Pigisana. 
Piga inkani. 
Patana. 
Kulumelana. 



n. Ugni-fa. 

Im-fa. 
Isi-fo. 
»c« list of diseases in tlie " Sentences." 
disentangle, v, Sumbulula. 

Tugulula. 
LnliiBa. 

jted, be, r. Cunnga, int. 

Nenga (with food), 
int. 



8HUKA. 

Neswixa. 

BVONGA. 

Nama. 
Paradzana. 
Pararana. 
ts aug an a. 

GWISANA. 

BiRA. Banda. Bhata. 

DZIGATIRA. NyITRA. 
SWABA. 

Tjenama.Sungamira. 

pubuga. putiga. 
Taxda. Nyerudza. 
DzixGA. Tizidza. 

RlDZA. ROBA. KaNDA. 

Pflra. 

Ramxra. Tsam&ra. 

rurumnra. 

Nuxga. 

FUMBUNYITRA, 

Wana. Bona. 

DUSA. 

Itana maka. 
Itana nyaya. 
Itaxa nawu. 
Itaxa daho. 
Pa(;axidzana. 
Reberegana. 
Rebhregedzaka. 
bu-gwadzi. 
Tji-dzimbo. 

Tjl-RONDA. 

FUMBUNYITRA. 

POMBONORA. 

RURAMIDZA, 

SUNUNOURA 

MOYO U NO MIRA, int, 

GU NO MIS A MOYO, tr. 

GU NO OWADZA MOYO, 

tr. 
GU NO RU8A MOYO, tr. 



Di8 



( 52 ) 



Dis 



Dish, n. 

Dish up, V. tr. 
Dishonest, be, v. 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. 

Isi-ja. 

Um-ganu. 

Pagela. 

Eba. Ba. 

Eohlisa. 

Yefia. 
Dishonour, v. tr.^ see "Despise." 
Dislike, v. Zonda. 

Dislocate, v. act. Apula. 
Dislocated, be, v. Nyela. 

Apuga. 
Dismiss, v., see " Discharge." 
Dismount, v. Ehliga. 

Disobey, v. Ala. 

Disorder, be in, v. Hlagazega. 
Disorderly, to be, see " Turbulent." 
Disown, V. Bandhla. 

Bandhlulula. 
Disperse, v. tr. Cita. 

„ V. int. Citega. 

Displeased, be. v., see "Discontented." 
Dispute, V , see " Discuss." 
Disregard, v., Delela. 

see " Despise." 
Dissolve, V. Ncibiliga. 

Minciga. 
Distance, n. Isi-bafia. 



Distant, adj. 
Distended, be, v. 
Distinct, adj. 



Distressed, be, v. 
Distribute, v. 



U-mafio. 
Um-kati. 
Katjana. 
Clumba. 
...odwa, e. 
logu gu 

this, it 

tinct. 
Dubega. Dabuga. 
Hlupega. Katazega. 
Fa(e.^.fiifile=Iam 

much distressed). 
Abela. 
Ahlugauisela. 



odwa — 

is dis- 



SHUNA. 
N-DIRO. 

m-shokosha. 
Pagura. 
Ba. Kwiba. 

TjENGEDZA. 
TjENGA. 

Benga. 

VUNA. 

Hloga. Tjwaga. 

SONYOGA. VUNIGA. 
BURUKA. 

Ramba. 
Parara. 

Zubulula. 

Tebura. Paradza. 
Tebuga. Pararana. 



Nyenya. 

Nyoroba. 
Nyauga. 

i-nangwenangwb 
{ri-ma). 

TjI-GARA. 
I-SHANGU. 
I-DUNU. 

Refu. Kure. 
Dzimbigwa. 

...OGA. 

Itji tji ri tjoga. 



Neta. Netsbga. 

DziRA. Tambura. 

Tama. 

" Nda bona inamu." 

GOBERA. 
DiMURIRA. 



Dis 



( 58 ) 



Dog 



ENGLISH. 

Disturb, v. ir. 



Ditch, n. 

see " Channel." 
Dive, V. int. 

Diverge, v. int. 



TERELE. 

Fasaza. 
Fazamisa. 
Dufia (of water). 
Um sale. 

Cwila. 

Buguda. 

Fambuga, 

Dabula. 



Divide, v. tr. 

see also " Allot." 
Divide down the 

middle, v. tr. 
Divided in opinion, 

to be, V. int. 
Division (between Um-ncele. 

gardens, etc.), n. 
Division (of army or 

of town), n. 



Dabula pagati. 

Dandabula. 

Tjilana. 



I-xiba {lima). 
Isi-gaba. 



Divorce, v. tr. 

Do, V. tr. 
„ hurriedly, r. 

„ quickly, v. 

„ gently, v. 

,, again, v. 

„ evil, V. 

*ee"Sin." 
„ earnestly, v. 
„ not, V. imper. 



Doctor, n. 
Dodge, f?., 

Jt^« "Avoid." 
X)og, n. 



Labia. 
Xotja. 
Enza. 
Walazela. 
Enza amawala. 
Tjetia. 
Kauleza. 
Fata gahle. 
Enza gahle. 



Finda. 

Ona. 

Enza lamandhla. 
Musa, ;>/. musani. 
Mnsa ugn-enza= 

do not do (it) = 
I-nyafta. 
Pepa. 
Viga. 
In-ja. 



Kanganisa. 
kurumidza. 
bvongodza. 

MU-HOMBA. 

mu-tsetsb. 

Nyerera. 

Nyura. 

TSABUOA. 
I*AMBUOA. 
DiMURA. PaRURA. 
BVARURA. 



M-OANU (mu-mt). 

I-KOTA (ri-ma). 
I-BiKO (ri-ma). 
I-DANGA {ri-ma). 
I-MANA (ri-ma). 
Rasha. 
Taya. 

iTA. 

Batabata. 

Tjimbidzisa. 

Tjimbidziga. 

Bata zibuyana. 

TSA (e.^. TSA NO ITA, 
TSA NO bata). 

Pama. Pamidza. 
Ita zwi. 
Tjinya. 

Ita namasimba. 
Rbgbdza. 

Rboa ou ita. 
I-Sanoa. 

DZIBA. 

Rbya. 

M-BHA. M-BOOA. 



Bog 



( 54 ) 



Doz 



ENGLISH. TKBKLR. 

Dog, wild, n. I-ganyana. 

Dominion, n. Um-biiso. 

see also "Country." 
Done, be, v. Enzega. 

Enziwa. 
Donkey, n. U-babemi, plur. 

obabemi. 
Door, n. Isi-valo. 

see also " Board." 
Doorway, n. Um-nyafio. 



Dot, n. In-hlamvana. 

I-badhlanyana 
{li-ma). 
Double, v., see "Fold." 
Doubt, n. U-honono {lu-zi). 



Dougb, n. 



In-hlama. 



Dove, n. I-jnba. 

„ ringdove, n. I-celegwana {li-ma). 

„ very small, In-kombazana. 
black round eyes. 
Down, adv. Pansi. 

„ south, or lower. Ezansi. 



„ go down, or go Euka. 
south. 

„ (of geese). U-boya {lu-zi). 

Downcast, be, see " Sorrowful." 
Doze, V. int. Ozela. 



I-BUMB. 
I-NYIGA. 

ItiCtA. 
Itiwa. 

M-BIZI. 

I-GONi (ri-ma). 

M-KOBA {mu-mi). 
M-suBO {mu-mi). 
M-suwo {mu-mi). 

I-TSANGA. 

Mnw-ana. 
Ka-nyereketb. 

(MoYO u no) mira, v. 
(MoYO u no) sunga- 

MIRA, V. 

(MoYO u no) tsamnra, 

V. 
(MOYO U) GUGITTU, 

adj. 
I-BOTA {ri-m,a). 
I-susu {ri-ma). 
Ma-shakada. 

N-JIBA. 
N-JIBA. 

I-nondoro. 

Past. 

EzAsi GU..., Si gu..., 
Mu SELE Mu, e.g. 

MUSELE MU KWIZI 

= down the river. 
Gu JO GU... 



Ma-kusi. Bu-kusi. 
godzira. kotsaira. 

TjOMNWAILA. 
VURUWATA 



Dra 



( 55 ) 



Dri 



ENOMSH. 

Drab, adj. Mdaga 

Drag along tbo Hola. 
ground, ii. 
„ (a wagon). Tonsa. 

Drain, r. Kama. 

the cup, V. Bija. 
Draught, n., see "Wind." 
Draw, I'., see " Drag." 
Draw water. Ka(na) 

yoka 
'* Go fetch water. 
„ water through Hubula amanzi. 

a pipe, V. 
,. out (from a Tulula. 

cask, r. Catega. 
„ blood, see " Bleed." 
„ a knife (from Kumula inqamn. 
the sheath). 



SHUNA. 
ZUBA. KWBBA. 

Kakata. 

KwEBA. Kakata. 

SWINA. 



" Hamba 
amanzi "= 



„ out (fibres), v. 
„ up the legs. 



Caza. Obula. Ebula. 
Finyela imilenzi. 



(delineate), v. Dwebela. 
Dnad, v. Saba. Esaba. 

Dreadful, be, v. Sabega. 

Dream, r. Pupa. 

„ n. I-pupo {li-md). 

Dregs of beer making, see *' Grains." 
Drench, v. tr., (by Neta. 

rain, or water). Netisa. 
Dress oneself, r. Cloga iziqogo. 

.vfe" Clothe." 

„ wounds, V. Eiapa izilonda. 

„ skins. Tjuga izikoko. 

„ n. (native). Ama-dumbu. 

see for details under ''Skin." 
Dribble, v. Pumisa izindende. 



Drift, V. 



rubbish, n. 



Hamba. 

Tatwa. 

Izikuknla f^zomfala) 

Izibi (zomfuia;. 



Tjera mvura. 
Tega mvura. 

PUTA mvura. 
SWETA MVURA. 
DURURA. 

Nyeswura. 
dusa pang a. 

Shomora PANGA. 

SOTORA PANG A. 
SUBURA. 

gonya mag umbo. 

bvunya magumbo. 

Tara. 

Hla. Hya. 

HuGA. Hyiga. 

Rota. 

Gu-rota. 

Na. 

NiSA. 

Pfega hanzu. 
Mbara hanzu. 
Rapa maronda. 
Suga maganda. 
i-mapa. n-gubo. 

bvinza mate, 
bvira mate. 

Don A MATE. 

swipa mate. 
Enda. 

TORWA. 

.Marara (ekwizi). 
Marongwe (ekwizi). 



Dri 



( 56 ) 



Dro 



ENGLISH.' 

Drift (a ford), n. 
Drill (perforate), i\ 
see also "Bore." 
Drink, v. 



„ (of dogs), V. 

„ give or take a. 

„ to give to. 

„ finishing the 
cup. 
Drip, V. 
Drive, v. 



TKBELE. 

Ili-zibugo (li-ma). 
Pehla. 



back, V. 

waggons, V 
away, v. 



Nata. 

Puza (Zulu), 
only of beer. 
Xapa. 
Xuma. 
Natisa. 
Bija. 

Tonda. 

dnba. 

Tjayela. 

Tinta. 

Qubula. 

Tjayela inkolo. 



used 



Xotja. 
Clubula. 
„ „ (flies) V. Bufia (impugane). 

„ in (pegs, etc.) Betela. 

„ cattle out to Alugisa. 
pasture, v. Alusa. 

„ (of the wind). Pepeta. 
Driver of wagon, n. Um-tjayeli. 
Drizzle, v. Kiza. 

Drizzling rain, n. Um-kizo. 
Droop (wither), v. Buna. 
Drop, V. int. (of water). Tonda. 

„ (fall down). Wa. 

„ medicine, v. tr. Tondisaumuti. 

)j n. I-tonsi {li-ma). 

Drought, n. Um-hau. 

Drove, ti., see "Herd." 
Drown, v. int. Minza. 

Tatwa fiamanzi. 



SHUNA. 

I-ZHAMBUGO {rima). 

SiGA. 

Mnwa. 



Kasa. 

Mnwisa. 



Dona. 

Tina. 

Tagura. Robera. 

Tina. 

Tagura. 

DZORA. 

Robera nkoro. 
Tagura nkoro. 
Tanda. 
Tata. 

Tanda nunzi. 
Nina nunzi. 
kuzwa nunzi. 
KoMERA. Robera. 

KOMEDZA. 

Fudza. 

RiSA. 

Pfura, 

Nyanyaidza. 

Pfuna. 

Pfuna, v. 

swaba. puta. 

Dona. 

Wa. 

DONEDZA MUTl. 
Surudza MUTI. 
I-DONWB (ri-ma). 

I-NYOTA. I-MANGA. 

Nyura. 

TOGWA NEMVURA. 



Dro 



( 57 ) 



Dys 



EKOLI8H. 


TKBEr.E. 


8HUNA. 


Drowsy, be, r., see " 


Doze." 




Drum, 71. 


In-kuftn. 


I-DUMBA (ri-ma), 

N-GOMA. 


Drunk, be, v. 


Dagwa. 


KOOWA. 

Batwa xedoro. 


Dry, V. tr. 


Omisa. 


Omisa. 

Nig A (= spread to 
dry). 


„ be, V. trU. 


Oma. 


Oma. 




Omela (= dry for, 


I-NYOTA, n. 




= thirsty). 




Duck, n. 


I-dada (li-ma). 


I-SHAMBiRA (ri-ma). 


Dull, adj. 


Butundu. 


KOMA, V, 


Dumb, be, v. 


Tula. 


Nyarara. 


„ person, n. 


Isi-tulu. 
Isi-mufiulxL 


M-BEBEBB. 


Dun (coloured), adj. 


Mpofn. 


MOFA. 

TsuKU. Shaba. 


Dunce, n. 


Isi-tuta. 


Tji-rema. 


see also ''FooV 






Dung, n. (faeces). 


U-tnvi (lu-zi). 


Ma-toko. 
Ma-tuzwi. 


„ (of cattle). 


Ubu-lofiwe. 


N-DOBE. 


» » dry, 


I-lonwe [li'7ua). 


N-DOBE. 


in lumps. 


Ama-grade. 


N-DOBHA. 


„ dry and broken. Um-quba. 


M-Fi'Dzi (mu-mi). 


„ (of dogs, etc.). 


, U-tuvi. 


Ma-tuzwi. 


„ beetle, n. 


Isi-giqatiivi. 
In-kubabulofiwe. 


Tji-toramatuzi. 




Tjl-TITAMATUZI. 






Mr-KUMBADZETSB. 


Dusk, become, v. 


Hlwa. 


SWIBA. 
KOPORA. 


Dust, n. 


U-tnli (/u). 


I-HURUBA (ri-ma). 


„ V. tr. 


Esula. 


PUSHIOA. 


Duyker, n. 


Im-punzi. 


I-MKMBHE. 


Dwarf, n. 


Um-fitjane. 


M-Fi:i>IFUPI. 


Dwell, V. 


Aka. 


Baka. 




Hlala. 


Gaua. 


Dwelling, n. 


Umu-zi. 


I-Nr.MBA. 




In-dhlu. 


I-MBA. MU-SIIA. 


Dysentery, have, v. 


Huda igazi. 


Panza maropa. 




Tjega igazL 
. Kanula. 


Pambuoa maropa. 


„ to strain in 


Oomera. 



£ac 



( 68 ) 



Ear 



ENGLISH. 

Each, pron. 



„ one by one. 
Each other. 



Eager, adj. 

Eagle, n. 
Ear, n. 

„ to clear with a 
feather, v. 

„ (spike of corn), n 

Early (in the day), 

adv. 
Earn, v. 



Ilowo. 

Ilelo, etc., etc., ac- 
cording to class of 
noun referred to. 

Nabanye fiabanye, Na umSwe um^Jwe. 
for Class, mu-ha. Bamnwe nebamnwe. 

Expressed by verb 
form in Ana, 

e.g. Tjayana. = Eobana = hit each 

other. 



Earnest, be, v. 

Earth (globe), n. 

„ (the soil). 

„ wet (mud). 
„ wet black. 

„ red, 



Lamawala. 
Walazela, v. 
U-kozi {lu-zi). 
In-dhlebe. 
Goqoza indhlebe. 

Isi-kwebu. 

Eguseni. 

Sebenzela. 

Zuza. 

Copelela. 

Kutala. 

Enza lamandhla. 

Um-hlaba. 

Um-hlabati {mu-mi) 
In-hlabati. 
Um-daga. 
Isi-daga. 



Isi-bomvu. 



KURUMIDZA, V. 

I-GONDO {ri-ma). 
N-zhebe. 



I-HURA {ri-ma). 
I-PFUNDE {ri-ma). 
Mangwanana. 

Batira. Shingira. 
Wana. 
Nangatira. 
Babarira. 
Bata namasimba. 
Ita rung, 
i-nyiga zose. 
Ma-shango ose. 
.M-SETJE {mu-mi). 
I-vu {ri-ma). 
I-DOBE {ri-ma). 
I-doboro {ri-ma). 
I-KAKATA {rima). 
I-BANE {ri-ma). 

IVU DZUKU(orTSUKlT). 
TjI-SiRA. 
MU-TJUKU. 
MU-GUTA. 



Ear 



( 59 ) 



£lb 



ENGLISH. 


TEHELK. 


8HUNA. 


Earth worm, n. 


Inyoga yomhlaba. 


Inyoga i si na- 

MROMO. 
I-HAXDABrLIMI. 
I-SUGUBIRI. 


Ease, be at, v. 


Naba. Enaba. 


Tandabara. 
Fara (mentally). 


East, n. 


Im-pumalafia. 


I-BITDAZHUBA. 
I-BVAZHUBA. 


Easy, adj. 


Lula. 


Reru. Reruoa (v.). 


Easygoing person. 


w. Isi-deleli. 
Isi-nyemfu. 




Eat, V. 


Dhla. 


Dhla. Dva. La. 


^ „ with hand, v. 


Kuma. 


Bhira. 


K^ „ early in day, v 


. Neama. 


Shushura. 


^K „ ravenously, v. 


Minza. 


Dhlisa. Dyisa. 


^H „ (of ulcers), v. 


Dhla. 


MoMOXA. Dya. 

GWADZA. 


^^table, adj. 


" Gu ya dhliwa." 
Dhliwayo. 


" Gu NO DYIWA." 


Eaves, n. 


Ama-kupavila. 


I-GiTMBiGUMBi(re-ma). 


Eclipsed, be, v. 


Sitega. 


DZIGATIRWA. 


see '* Disappear." 






Edge (of a blade), n 


. Ubu-kali. 


GU-PINZA. 

Dzi-MiNZO (of an asse- 
gai). 


„ (of a vessel), see " Brim." 




„ (border), n. 


Um-peto. 


M-PETO (mw-me). 
M-PENDERO {mU'Tn t). 


Effervesce, v. 


Bila. 


BlRA. 


Egg. n. 


I-qanda (ff-ma). 


I-ZAi {ri-ma). 


Egg-shell, n. 


Luqweqwe Iweqa 


■ RU-KANDA. 




nda. 


I-BEPE {ri-ma). 


Egg, white of, n. 


Im-hlope yeqanda. 


m-tumbit mtjbna. 
Ma-tjena. 


„ yolk of n. 


I-ganu yeqanda. 


Mnwana wezai. 




Um-tubi weqanda. 


Mr-NYEPFU. 


Eight, n. 


...ficamnembili. 


TSERE. 

DZIBA .MINWEMBIUI. 

SwiYA memSwkmhiri. 


Eland, n. 


Im-pofu. 


I-MOFU. 1-SHABA. 


Elastic, be, r., see " ] 


Rebound.'' 




Elbow, n. 


I-dololwane (li-ma). 


I-GoooRA (ri-ma). 
1-BVi {ri-ma). 



Ele 



( fiO ) 



End 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. 

Elephant, n. In-kubu. 

„ (trunk of). Um-boko. 
„ (tusk of). U-pondo (lu-zi). 
Elsewhere, adv. Enye indawo. 

Elucidate, to, v. Cansisela. 

see also " Clear, make." 
Embers, n., Izi-kuni. 

see also " Firebrand." 
Embrace, v. Gona. 

„ a child, V. Sifiata. 

A gu laluto. 



Empty, adj. 

6-ee" Naked." 
Empty, V. tr. 
Encamp, v. 



Tulula. 
Caba. 



Encircle, v., see " Surround." 
Enclose with a fence, Biyela. 

V. 

Enclosure, n. Um-dafia. 

I-gnma {li-ma). 
Encounter, see "Meet," "Fipjht." 
End, n. Ugu-cina. 

Ugu-pela. 
„ (boundary). Um-kanlo. 
c/. "Borders." Um-ncele. 

Ama-petelo ( = bor- 
ders). 
Petela, v. 
Ends (of calico when I-gebe {li-ma). 
tied round the 
waist), V. 
End (of a stick, etc.), Isi-dindi. 
w., thick end, or Um-cino. 
butt. 
„ (of a stick, etc.), Isi-hlogo. 
thin end, point. Um-cino. 

„ (ofareim),thick Isi-hitjelo. 

end, or butt. 
„ (of a reim), thin In-tjaka. 

end, point. 



SHUNA. 
N-ZHOWU. 
Bu-BOKO. 

ru-nyanga. 
Pamnwe. Zwimnwb. 
dzibisisera. 

Zwi-tsiga. 

Ma-sigalala. 

Tjinga. 

fungatira. 

Pagatira. 

Tjinjiga. 

a tji nbtjinu. 

DURURA. 

Baka. 

Tema mshasha. 

Bakira. 
Shoshera. 

RU-BAZHE, 
GU-PERA. 

M-DziBO (mu-mi). 
M-GANU (mu-mi). 

M-PENDERO {TnU-TTfli). 



M-DziBO {mu-mi) 

I-NESWI. 

M-SHORO {mu-mi). 

M-DZIBO. 
I-NESWI. 



End 



( 61 ) 



Equ 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELK. 


SUUNA. 


End (to come to an). 


, Pela (of an action). 


Pera. 


V. int. 


Kaula (of space). 
Cina (of length). 


DZIBA. 


„ (to finish), V. tr 


. aeda. 


Pedza. 


Endeavour, v. 


Zama. 


Nyemudza. 


Endure, r. 


Begezela. 


Tjingidzira. 


Enema, to give, v. 


Pozisa. 


SONIOA. 


Enemy, «., see "Foe.' 


" Um-fo. 


I-TJITA. 


Energy, n. 


Ama-ndhla. 


Ma-simba. 


Englishman, n. 


I-neisi (li-ma). 
Andisa (in space anc 


I-2JGIS1 (ri-ma). 


Enlarge, v. tr. 


I Pamidziba. 




number). 






Kulisa (in size). 


KUDZA. 


Enormous, adj. 


Kulukazi. 


KURUKURU. 


„ thing, n. 


In-kalagata. 




Enough, adj. 


Nefii. 


Zhinzhi. 


Enquire, v. 


Buza. 


BVUNZA. 


Entangled, be, v. 


Nxibana. 


Eeyana. 




Nxaganxaga. 


KOBEGANA. 


«e« aZ«o " Entrapped." 




Enter, v. 


Ngena. 


Nguna. Pinda. 


Entrails, n. 


Ama-tumbu. 


Ma-bu-ra. 


Entrance (to house). 


Um-nyano. 


M-KOBA (mu-mi). 


n. 




M-SUBO {mu-mi). 


Entrance (to cave). 


Um-lomo. 


M-KOBA. 

M-ROMO (mu-mi). 


„ (to village I-safio {li-ma). 


M-SUBO. 


or kraal). 




I-PINDAS0MBE(n-7mi). 


„ small. 


In-tuba. 




Entrap, v. tr. 


Tiya. 


Teya. 


Entrapped, be, v. int 


. Tiyega. 


Teyioa. 


Entreat, v. 


Ncefia. 


Nyengetedza. 
Tbtbdza. 


Envious, adj. 


Lamhau. 


Netjiba. 


see also " Covetous." 




Epilepsy, iu 


Isi-tutwane. 


Tji-faifai. 
Tji-moha. 

I-DZUNGU. 


Equal, be, v. 


Lifiana. 


Idzana. 




Gu ti Banqa, e.g. 


RiDZANA. 




Zi ya lifLana, zi ti Enzana. 




banqa = they arc 


) 




quite equal. 





Era 



( 02 



Exa 



ENGLISH. 

Erase, v. tr. 
Erect (build), v. 
„ (set up). 

Err, V. 



TEBKLK. 



Esula. 

Aka. 

Misa. 

Pambega. 



Eruption on skin. Bidhliga. 
break out into, v. dubuga. 

see also " Break out in sores." 
Escape, v. Fohla. 

see also " Break out." 



Escort, V. tr. 

Especially, adv. 

Establish, v. tr. 

"Estate" of a de- 
ceased person, n. 

Euphorbia, n. 

Even, to be, v. 
„ to make, v. 

Evening, n. 
„ star, n. 

Every, adj. 
Everyone, adj. 
Everyday, n. 

Every vp^here, adv. 

Evident, adj. 



Evil, do, V. 

see " Sin." 
Evil, adj. 

„ eye, to look 

with, V. 
Ewe, n. 
Exaggerate, v. 
Examine, v. 



Pelegezela. 

Kakulu. 

Misa. 

Ili-fa, gen. in pi. 

ama-fa. 
Um-hlonhlo. 
Linana. 
Linanisa. 

Gu-sihlwa. 
I-celankobe. 

Onke. 
Onkana. 
In-suku zonke. 
Ama-lafia onke. 

Indawo zonke, and 
loc. Endaweni 
zonke. 

Bonagala, v. 

Gu sobaleni=it i-s 
plain. 

Ona. 

Enza gubi. 

Bi. 

Joja. 

In-sikazi. 
Kulisa indaba. 
Buza. 
Qaza. 



SHUNA. 
PUSHIGA. 

Baka. 
Misa. 
Sendega. 

POSEGA. 

Kangana. 
Mnwauga. 
Bhabhata. 

TiZHA. 
POYA. 

Peregedza. 
gwadzogwadzo. 

MiRA. 

I-NAKA {ri-ma). 
Ma-tsa. 

M-KONDB {mumi). 
Edzana. 
Edzanisa. 

RiDZANISA. 

Ma-deko. 

I-NYAMASASA. 

I-MASASA. 

OSE. 

OSB-OSE. 

Ma-ZHUBA OSE. 

Ml-SI YOSE. 

MA-ZWARA OSE. 

Inyiga dzose. 
Idzimba dzose. 

MaTIBI OSE. 
BONEGWA, v. 
Gu RI PATJENA. 



Tadza. 
Tjinya. 
Ipa, v. 
Tjola. 

I-HADZr. 

KURIDZA MAREBO. 

BVUNZA. Tarisa. 

Pbna. Ringisa. 



Exc 



( 63 ) 



Exp 



KNGLISH. 

Excavate, v. 
Exceed, v. 



TFBKLE. 

Mba pansi. 
Dhlula. 



Exceedingli', do a Huma. o.ff. Ba ya 
thing, t\ huma ugulwa= 



Excel, v., see " Surpass." 

Except, cotij. Uba with neg. verb. 

cf. ''Unless." 

also expressed by 

circumlocution, 

e.g. Take all ex- Tata zonke, i yege- 

cept that one (ox) = la yona le. = 
Exchange, v. Enana. 

Enanisana. 
Excite (a quarrel), v. dala. Vusa. 

cf. " Tease." Duda. 

Excited, be, t;. Dudega. 

Exclaim, v. 

expressing dis- Hoza. 
belief. 

expressing disgust. Hwapa. 
Exclude, V. 



Excuse, V. 
Exhausted, be, v. 

r.xi.->T, r. 
Expect, I'. 
Exjiectorate, v. 



Valela fiapandhle. 

Landulela. 

Pela. 

Se fii pelile = I am 

done up.= 
Ba. 

Gu kona=it is here. 
Kafiela. 
Hlalela. 
Pumesa. 



expressing con- Kafula amate. 
tempt Kafulela amate. 

Expectoration, n. Ulu-denda (mucus). 

Ama-te (saliva). 
Expedition, n. (for I-mpi. 
war). 



8HUKA. 
TjER.\ PASI. 
PlNDA. 

Nyanva. Pindirira. 

Ba no nyanya gu 
GWA = They fight 
exceedingly. 

KuNGE, with neg. 
verb. 



TORA DZOSB, SHIYA 
lYOYO. 

Pesanidzana. 

TSINANA. 

Tanga. Mutsa. 
Paruga ihana. 



Zarira pazhe. 

BVIGIRA pazhe. 
PA(}ANIRA. 

Hambirira. 
Neta. 

Nda ka neta. 
Ba. 

Gu RI PC. 

Tarira. 
Garira. 
Pka mate. 
Swii'A mate. 
Pfira mate. 

SWIPIRA MATE. 



I-PFl MA. 



Exp 



( 64 ) 



Fag 



ENGLISH. 


TEnELE. 


SHUNA. 


Experienced, be, v. 


Azi. 


Tjenjera. 


Expert, be, v. 


Hlaganipa. 


DZIBA. 
7iT7IRA 


Expiate, v. 


Hlaula. 


ElPA. 


Expire (die), v. 


Fa. 


Fa. 


„ (breathe out) Pefumula. 


Fema. 


Explain, v. 


Cansisela, e.g. Ni 
cansisela lokii= 
explain this to me. 


. DZIBISISERA. 


see also " Clear, to 


1 make." 




Explode, V. int. 


Vuta. 


Pfuta. 


Expose, V. 


Ambula. 


FUDUGURA. 
FUGURA. 


Extend, v. 


Elnla. 


Tambanudza 
Tasanura. 


Extinguish, v. 


Cima. 
Citja. 


DZIMA. 


Extract (a tooth), v. 


Kumula. Kupa. 


BiSA. DUSA. GURA. 


„ (a thorn). 


Bafiula. 


TOMBORA. 


Extravagant, be, v. 


Pana. 


Pisa. 


Extricate, v. tr. 


Kupa. 


DuSA. BiSA. 


Eye, n. 


Ili-hlo. 


ZlSO, pi., MESO. 


„ be struck in eye 


) Pandhlwa. 


TlWADZIWA. 


by dust, etc., i 


V. 


TOSORHWA. 


„ blow dust, etc.. 


, Pepeta. 


Pfura. 


out of eye, v. 




Pfuridza. 


„ (of needle). 


In-tuba. 


I-BURI. 




In-tujana. 




Eyebrow, n. 


Ama-tjiya, pi. 


I-TSiYE {ri-ma). 


Eyelash, n. 


Ama-tjiya, pi. 
In-kope. 


I-TSIYE. 


Eyelid, n. 


In-kope. 


I-KOPE {ri-ma). 




Inyama yelihlo. 


Nyama dzemeso. 




F 




Face, n. 


ITbu-so. 


I-MANZHA. 


Fact, n. 


I-qiniso (li-ma). 


GwAzo, adv. 




U-qoto {lu-zi). 


ZoKWADi, adv. 


Fade, v. 


Buna. 


SWABA. 


Fseces, n. 


TJ-tuvi (lu-zi). 


Ma-tuzwi. 


Faggot, n. 


Um-nyaba. 


I-swiNGA {ri-ma). 
I-DUMBA {ri-ma). 



Fai 



( 65 ) 



Far 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELK. 


SnUMA. 


Fail, V. int. 


Ahlulega. 


KONET.WA. KUNDI- 
GWA. TaDZIGA. 

Tadziwa. 


Faint, v. (swoon). 


Jamalala. Qalega. 
Fa. 
). Hie. 


Fa. 
Naka, r. 


Fair, adj. (beautiful; 


.. Oust). 


Lnfia, V. 


RURAMA, V. 


„ weather, n. 


Sa, I'., e.g. gn sile Gu no pengenuoa. 




gn beta umoya 


GU NO PFURA 




unmandi = it is 


MXRANDO WA KA 




fine weather, there naka. 




blows a pleasant 






wind. 




Faith in, have, r. 


Temba gn, e.g. Ni 


Gadza MOYO. 




ya temba giiye= 
I have faith in him 


U NO GADZA MOYO 




I. WANGU = he satis- 






fies my heart. 


Faithful, adj. 


Qoto. 


Nyoro. 




Lniia, v. 


Tjene. Dzigama, v. 

Rl RAMA, V. 


Fall, V. 


Wa, 


AVa. 


see " Stumble.' 


> 




.. down (a cliff), ?; 


. Wela pafisi. 


WiRA PAST. 


,, (of a hut or DiligaT 


Koromoga. 


fence), r. 






backwards, v. 


Hlehla. 


SUDUBCGA. 


i alse, adj. 


Eohlisa, v. 


Tjexgedza. 




Lamanga. 


N EX EM A. 

Nemanyepo. 


Family, n. 


In-dhlu. 


I-NIIMBA. I-MBA. 


„ (class). 


U-hlobo (h(.zf). 


RiT-nzi. 


Famine, n. 


In-dhlala. 


N-ZHARA. 


Famous, adj. 


Dunyiswa, /•. 


ZlBISLSWA, r. 




He is famous = 


f U NBTJII.UMBI. 
\U NENDUMBI. 


'in, V. 


Pepeta. 


Pfiridza. 


see alJto '*Coo\;''' 


Drive away flies." 


Res A MEPO. 


Fang (of a tooth), w. 


Im-pande. 


Mr-DZi. 


„ (of snake), u. 


I zinyo (li-ma). 


ZiNo {2>l. Meno). 


Far, oflr. 


Katjana. 


Ki'RB. Rbfu. 


Rather far. 


Katjanyana. 




Farewell, hid, v.. 


Valelisa. 


HOXBOA. 


^e«" Good-bye." 




Onega. 



Far 



( 66 ) 



Fee 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


8HUNA. 


Farther, adv. 


(^a)pambili. 
Um-kubo. 


Pa-mberi. 


Fashion, w., 


M-GARiRO {mu-mi). 


aee alao " Custom 


»» 




Fast, be, v. int., 


Qina." 


SiMBA. 


see also " Strong, 


5J 


SiMBARARA. 


Fast, make, v. fr. 


Qinisa. 


SlMBISA. 


„ see "Swift." 


Lejubane. 
Zila. 


Nedobo. 


„ V. (abstain). 


Ira. ZwiNYiMA. 


„ n. 


Li-zila. 


Tji-si. 


Fasten, v. 


Bopa. 
Qinisa. 


SUNGA. 


„ (a door). 


Vala. 


Zharira. 


Fat, n. 


Ama-cobo. 


Ma-futa. 


„ (inside of anima 


1). Ama-bwabwa. 


I-MANDA (ri-ma). 
I-jiLA {ri-ma). 


„ be, V. 


Nona. 


KORA. 


Father, my, n. 


U-baba. 


U-DADB WANGU. 


» thy. 


U-yiblo. 


U-DADE WAKO. 


„ his or her. 


U-yise. 


U-DADE WAKE. 


Fault, n. 


Um-landu. 


I-MOSWA. 




I-cala {li-ma). 


Ru-roswA. 


„ find,?;. 


Sola. Solela. 


Ramba. Sodza. 
rurumnra. 


Fear, n. 


U-valo {lu-zi). 


I-HANA. 


„ V. 


Saba. 


Hla. Hya. Tya. 


Fearful, be, v. 


Sabega. 


Hliga. Hyiga. 
Tyiga. 
Dhla. Dya. 


Feast, V. 


Dhla. 


„ of first fruits, 


to Luma. Cinsa. 


RUMA. 


partake of, r 


. 




Featber, n. 


In-siba. 


I-NENGA. 

M-NENGA {mu-mi). 


„ of tail, n. 


Isi-sila. 


Tjl-PESU. MU-SKWI. 


Feeble, adj. 


Butagataga. 


Nyoronyoro. 




Guga, V. Pela, v. 


Shakara,?;. Pera,i;. 




'^Afiilamandbla." 


" Andi namasimba" 


Feed, v. tr. 


Niga ugudhla. 


Pa gudya. 




(Dhlisa = poison = 


-. Dyisa). 


„ (a child). 


Funza. 


Patjkja. Paka. 




Munyisa=give suet 


:=Mnwisa. 


„ (cattle). 


Alusa. 


FUDZA, RiSA. 

Embera. 


„ (nourish). 


Ondbla. 


Rera. 



Fee 



( 67 ) 



Fie 



ENGLISH. TEBKLE. 

Feel (of sensation), r. Zwa. 



(touch), V. 



Pata. 
Zwa. 



„ one's way (as a Pumputa. 
blind man), r. 



Feign, v. 

Fell (a tree), v. fr. 

„ (a man), r. 
Female (human), n. 
„ (animal), n. 
Femur, ti. 
Fence, n. 



Zenzisa. 

Gamula. 
Wisa. 
Isi-fazana. 
In-sikazi. 
I-fitjane {li-tna). 
U-tafio {Itt-zi). 



of a town. Um-denga. 

of stone. Um tanala. 

V. Aka. Biya. 

(fight), r. Viga. 



Ferment, v. Bila. 

Kukumala. 
Fertile, be, v. Vunda. 

.^ter, r. Bidhliga. 

see aUo " Break out in sores." 

•tch, V. Leta. 

„ (a price). Zuza. 

Fever, n, Um-kuhlane. 

«e«a/w"Cold." 



Few, adj. 
Fibre of bark, n. 

„ (of cotton). 

Field, n. 

Fierce, adj. 



Lntwana. 
Um-nxeba wezolo. 
I-nxoza. 
Umnxeba. 

In-simu 

( pi. Amasimu). 
Lolaka. 
Luhlanya, n. 



8HUNA. 
HWA. NZUWA. 
NSKWA. 

Bata. 

TrBvrxYisA. 

Tjambatjamba. 

Bata BATA. 

tswatswadzira. 

tjwangadzira. 

Tjexgedza. 

ZWITISA. 

Tema. 

Rl(iA. 

M-KADZI. 

I-HADZI. 

RU-OUTU. 

RU-ZHOWA. 

RU-MANDA. 

ru-swingo. 
Baka. Shosha. 

DZIBIRA. 

dzibiridza. 
Leva, 

BiRA. 

Vaira. 

BORERA. 
Mf^WAUGA. 

BlIZA. 

Wana. 

Tji-gwadzi. 

I-HOSHA. 

Tji-tenda. 
Shcmana. 
ru-ji gwegwadt. 
I-GAPARA {ri-ma), 

RU-DZINOO. 

RU-TJINGA. 

MU-NDA. 

U-.NDA {pi. LUWA). 

N EH ASH A. 

Neozenye. 



Pif 



( 68 ) 



Fir 



ENGLISH. 


TEBEI.E. 


SHUNA. 


Fifty, adj. 


Amatjumimahlanu. Magitmi mashanu. 


Fig-tree, n. 


Um-kiwane. 


M-KUYU. 


Fight, V. 


Lwa. 


Gwa. 


„ n. 


In-hlabano. 


I-malaje. 

M-BAIiARIRA. 


File, V. 


Gudhla. 


Kwezha, 
Tjega. 


„ n. 


Isi-hlabo. 


I-TJECio (ri-md). 


also see " Xi'ain ( 


of people." 


Tji-rayo. 


Fill, V. 


Cwalisa. 


Zharisa. 
Zadzisa. 


„ half, V. 


Eliza isiqlnti. 


It A igaswa. 




Enza isikexe. 


ZiYAMISA. 


e.g. half fill wi 


th Tela amanzi u enze 


1 DiRA MVUKA U ITE 


water. 


isiqinti. 


GASWA. 


„ in (with earth) 


,t;. aiba. 


FUGAIRA. 


Find (the lost), v. 


Tola. 


NUNGA. 




Finyana. 


Wana. 


„ one at home. 


Finyana. Fica. 


Wana. 


„ fault, v., see ' 


'Fault." 




Fine, be (not coarse^ 


\v. Colega. 


tsedzega. 
Naniwa. 


„ weather, see 


" Fair weather." 


„ V. 


Hlaulisa. 


RiPIDZA. 


Finger, n. 


Umu-nwe. 


MU-NWE. 


„ nail, n. 


U-zipo {lu-zi). 


RlI-NZARA. 


Finish, v. tr. 


aeda. 


Pedza. 


Fire, n. 


Um-lilo. 


M-OTO (mu-mt). 


„ (flame), n. 


I-lafiabi (li-ma). 


I-PFUTE (ri-ma). 
Tj-edzera. 


„ kindle, v. 


Basa nmlilo. 


Besa moto (Batidza. 
KuwA. Hwidza). 


„ replenish, v. 


Kwezela umlilo. 


Kunidzira moto. 


„ produce by fric- Pehla umlilo. 


PUSHIGA MOTO. 


tion,i;. 




SiGA MOTO. 


„ blow, V. 


Vutela umlilo. 


PfUTIRA MOTO. 
PfUTIDZIRA MOTO. 


„ put out, V. 


Cima umlilo. 
Citja umlilo. 


DZIMA MOTO. 


„ beat out, v. 


Bula umlilo. 


DZIMA MOTO. 


„ a gun, V. 


Posa umpobo. 


RiDZA PFUTI. 




Dubula umpobo. 


ROBA PFUTL 




Tjaya umpobo. 


PfURA PFUTI. 



Fir 



( 69 ) 



Fla 



ENGLISH. 


TEBBLE. 


8HDNA. 


Firebrand, n. 


Isi-kuni. 


Tji-tsiga. 
M-WENJE {mu-mi). 
I-sigalala {ri-ma). 


Firefly, n. 


Um-snndu. 


Tji-naixai. 


Fireplace, iu 


I-zigo {li-ma). 


1-TjOTO (ri-ma). 

TjI-BESO. 


Firewood, ;t. 


In-ktini. 


I-HUNI. 


„ bundle of, n 
„ log of, n. 


. Um-nyaba. 
U-godo {lu-zf). 


I-swiNG^ (ri-ma). 

I-DANDA. 

I-TSIGA (ri-ma). 


,, gather, v. 


Teza inkuni. 


KWASHA HUNI. 
TSAGA HUNI. 


„ chop up, V, 


Banda inknni. 


BaNZUKA HUNI, 


see also "Chip " and " Chop." 


TeMA HUNI. 


i* irm, be, v. 


ftina. 


SiMBA. 


„ make, r. 


Qinisa. 


SlMIlISA. 


First, culj. and adv. 


Guqala,^.//.XJmuntTi Gutanga. 




woguqala = the 






iirsr person = 


MUNU WOQUTANGA. 




Manduln, adv., eg 






Dhlana mandulu 




= eat first = 


DyANA GUTANGA. 


First-born, «. 


Ili-zibulo. 


MU-DANGWE. 


Fish, H. 


In-hlanzi. 


I-HOBE. 


„ V. 


Gola inhlanzi. 


Bata HOBB. 




Bamba inhlanzi. 


KUPA HOBB. 


Fishhook, n. 


lu-gobelo. 


N-GOBo. Tji-raburo. 


Fishing net, n. 


Li-mbuli. 


Ma-buui. 


Fist, w. 


Isi-dubulo. 


Tji-tsiba. 


Fit, /I,, «cc" Epilepsy." 




„ be, V. 


Fanela. 


Fanira. 


Five, adj. 


Hlanu. 


Shanu. 


Fix, V. 


Qinisa. 


Simbidza. 


„ stakes in the Hloma izigodo. 


Bayikira zwitanda. 


ground, v. 


Qibola izigodo. 


Simic.a zwitanda. 


r/." Fill in." 




TSINDIHA ZWITANDA. 


Flag, 71. (reed). 


I-buma (li-ma). 


M-PUNGWE. 
I-TSANGADZI. 


Flame, v. 


Vuta. 


PFUTA. 


„ n. 


I-lafiabi. 


I-pFUTB (ri-ma). 


«^/' /(/.<fo " Blaze." 




Hr-T.si. 


Flank (of an animal), 


Um-hlubulo. 


M-BABVU. 


«.,</. "Side." 




RU-TSINGA. 



Fla 



( 70 ) 



Flo 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELK. 


SHUNA. 


Flank (of an army), v. U-pondo (lu-zi). 


RU-PINGO. 


Flap (as wings), v. 


Papa. 


PURURUGA. 


Flash of lighting, n. 


, Um-bane. 


M-VENEGO. 


„ V. 


Pazima. 


Penya. Venega. 


Flask of powder, n. 


Isi-xiiia sobuhlufiu. 


Tji-tepa tjobunga. 




I-kankili. 


I-GARAFA. 
I-KARAGA. 


Flat, adj. 


Li-bala, n. 


RUBAZHE, n. 


' " • 


Gulibala=itisflat. 


I-GOBA, n. 
RU-BARE, n. 


„ country, n. 


Icege eli ne lantaba. Irenje a i nema- 






GOMO. 






Pa-gwenga. 


Flatter, v. 


Toboza. Tobisa. 


Batabata. Pony a- 




Tambisa. 


PONYA. VUNIDZA. 


Flatulent, be, v. 


Cliiinba. 


Dzimbigwa. 


Flavour, v. tr. 


Tjeba. 




Flavouring, n. 


Isi-tjebo. 




Flea, n. 


I-tjegetje {li-ma). 
In-dwebundwebu. 


I-NATA (ri-ma). 


Flesh, n. 


I-nyama. 


I-NYAMA. 


„ (dead meat). 


I-ncuba. 


I-NYAMA. 


Fling, V. 


Posa. 


Kanda. 


„ a kerry, v. 


Jigijela. 


Kanda swimbo. 
posha swimbo. 


„ a spear, v. 


Ciba Timkonto. 


Kanda pfumo. 




Posa umkonto. 


PoSHA pfumo. 


„ away, v. 


Lahla. 


Rasha. 


Flint, n. 


Ili-tje lomlilo. 


I-BHYE ROMOTO 




In-sefietja = flint {ri-ma). 




knives. ^ 




Float, V. 


Ndanda. Ntjeza. 


Erera. 




Hlamba. 


SlIAMBA. 


Flock, n. 


Um-hlambi. 


MU-DUNGW^E. 
I-DANGA. 


Flog, V. 


Tjaya. 


ROBA. 


Floor, n. 


Isi-za. 


BU-SIRI. 


„ make, v. 


Bigiza. 
Lida. 


DZURURA. 


7/ ' 


ROBERA. 


„ injure, v. 


Tjudula. 


Pfugudza. 

TSINDINYURA. 


„ smear, v. 


Sinda. Tlinta. 


DZIRA. DZIIRURA. 


Flour, 71. 


Im-pupu. 


BU-PFU. 



Flo 



( Tl ) 



For 



ENOLIgH. TKIIELK. 

Flow, V. Hamba. Kitjima. 

Flower, r. Kahlela. 

Tjagaza. 
„ w, Im-poko. 

Um-tjagazo. 
Fly, V. Papa. 

„ (run away), v. Balega. 
., about (of dust), r. Suga. 

., off (of sparks), r. Citega. 



.. (house), //■ 
„ (teetse), «, 

Fly-blow, w. 
Foal, n. 
Foam. 71. 



V. 



11 
Foe, n. 



Fog, 71., 

see also " Mist." 
Fold, 1-. tr. 
Follow, V. 
Foment, v. 

Food, n. 

„ when scarce. 
„ for a journey. 

Fool, 71. 



Im-pugane. 
Im-pugane. 

Im-petu. 

Inkonyana lepiza. 

I-gwebu. 

U-denda ilu-zi). 

Pehla igwebu. 

Um-fo. 

(N.B.— Umfo wetu 

my friend. 
In-kufiu. 



Goqa. 

Landela. 

Tambisa. 

Ugn-dhla. 
Um-puiio. 
Um-pago. 
Isi-tuta. 



Toba. 



Foot, n. U-nyawo iht-zi). 

„ go on, V. Hamba pansi. 

Hamba fienyawo. 
Footmark, n. U-nyawo (lu-zi). 

Footpath, n. I-ndhlela. 

For, co»j. S'o(gu)ba. 

„ pre/?.,expre8.sod) . .ela, f.(/. A gu iii ...iua, 

by the verb in/ enzela=do it for me. = Nui itira. 



SHUNA. 

Ereka. 

TUMBUGA. 
FlRUKA. 

I-RUBi {ri-ma). 
BrurRroA. 

TiZHA. 

MiuiuA. SiMur.A. 
Bhititiga. 
Paruja. 
Paradzioa. 

PlTTIOA. 

MNRAYICtA. 

I-XIXZI. 

N-ZIMBHA. 

I-MESWI. 

I-HONYE. 

MlRU YEMBIZI. 

1-FlTRO. 

Sir.A FURO. 
I-TJITA. 

■ I-HONDO (ri-ma). 

I-BUTE. 

Pet A. 

Tebera. Ronda. 

Pisa. Namioa. 

Nyadzioa. 

gu-dhla. gu-dya. 

M-buba. 
Tji-rema. 

I-DUNITNGUDZA. 

I-oi'MBO {li-7na). 
En'da pasi. 

FaMBA NEMAOIMBO, 
RU-TSOOA. 
N-ZIRA. 
N(;OBA. GlBA. 



For 



( 72 ) 



Pou 



ENGLISH. 


TEBBLE. 


SHUNA. 


Forbid, v. tr. 


Alela. 


Rambidza. 
dzibidza. 


Force, n. 


Ama-ndhla. 


Ma-simba. 


„ V. 


auba. 


Tina. 


Forcepp, n. 


Isi-banjana. 


M-BATO. 


Ford, n. 


I-zibugo {li-ma). 


I-ZAMBUGO (ri-ma). 


„ n. 


Capa. Wela. 


Am BUG A. 


Forehead, n. 


Ubu-so. 


I-MANZHA. 


Forenoon, n. 


Gu-sasa. 


Mangwana. 


Forest, n. 


I-hlati {li-7na). 


I-SHAKA {ri-TtUl). 


see also " Bush." 




I-DZESE {ri-ma). 


Forge, V. 


Eanda. 


Pfura. 


Forget, V. 


Kohlwa. 


Kanganwa. 


Forgive, v. 


Yegela. 


Reg A. 
Regedza. 


Fork (of stick, etc.), n. I-baxa {li-ma). 


I-MANDA. 


Form (shape), n. 


Ugu-ma. 


GU-M[RA. 


„ bricks, v. 


Bumba. 


BUMBA. 


Formerly, adv. 


Kade. 


Tanga {v). Toro. 
Kare. 




Kade wa jayela ugu Gutanga wa ka ko- 




za = formerly 


he ROBERA GU BUYA. 




used to come. 




Forsake, v. tr. 


Tjiya. 


SlYA. 




Labia. 


Rasha. 




Alela. 


Rambira. 


Fort, n. 


I-nqaba. 


I-GOMO (ri-ma). 
I-DOMBO {ri-ma). 


Fortunate, adj. 


Ledhlozi. 


Namadzimo. 




Lonyanya. 
Lenlilanhla. 


NOMTJENA. 






Forty, adj. 


Amatjumi amane 


1. Magumi mana. 


Forward, adv. 


Pambili. 


Pamberi. 


Foster, v. 


Ondhla. 


Rera. 


Foul, adj. 


Lencegeza. 


Neswina. 


see also " Dirt." 






Fou], to make, v. tr. 


Onela. 


Tadzira. Tagani- 




Onisa. 


SIRA. BVONGA. 




Ninda. 


Bomela. Dzonga. 
Zadza. Nama. 
Bvumburudza. 


Fountain, n. 


Um-tombo. 


I-TSIME {ri-ma). 
I-SHAWE {ri-ma). 



Fou 



( 73 ) 



Ful 



KMGLISH. 


TKBKLE. 




8HCNA. 


Four, adj. 


Ne. 




Na. 


TowJ, n. 


In-kukn. 




I-llUKU. 


Fox," «., see "Lynx." 






Fragment, n., see " 


Bit." 






Framework, n. 


U-palila (lu-zi). 




I-DENQA. 


(as of a roof). 








Francolin, n. 


Isi-kwehle. 




I-KWARI. 


Free, to set, v. 


Kulula. 




SlNlNGURA. 


Frequently, adv. 


Kaneni. 




Kazhinzhi. 


Fresh, aclj. 


Tja, e.(/. Amabele 


TSA. 




amatja = : 


fresh 


L 




corn = 




Mapfunde matsa. 


Friend, n., 


Um-gane {pi. 


om- 


I-SHAMNWARI. 


cf. " Relation." 


gane). 






Frighten, r. tr. 


Etusa. 




Hyisa. Totomosa. 

VrNDUDZA. 


„ birds from Kuza inyoni. 




Tanda shiui. 


corn. 






DZINGA SHIRI. 


Frightened, be, v. 


Etuga. 




Q'OTOMOGA. 


«ec "Agitated." 


Papatega. 




V UN DUG A. 


Frog, n. 


I-xoxo {li-ma). 




I-TATJA {ri-md). 
I-zuRA {ri-ma). 

N-ZWIDZI. 


Frolic, V. 


Dhlala. 




DZANA. TaMBA. 


From, prep. 


Gu, and locative 


case 


.Gu. 


Front, in, adv. 


Pambi(li) gu... 




Pamberi pa... 


„ n. 


Ubu-so. 




I-mazha. 


Frontier, ii. 


Um-cino. 




M-GANU (mu-mi). 


Frost, 11. 


I-nqoqwane. 




Tj-ANDO. 
M-BABA. 


Frost-bitten, be, v. 


Tjaza. 




ROBHA NETJANDO. 


Froth, n. 


I-gwebu. 




1-FURO. 


Frown, v. 


Ewaqa. Tiwaqa. 
Joja. Nyonkoloza, 


TSAMURA. FlNYAMA. 




Tjgla. Sixama. 








Nyunyuma. 


Fruit, n. 


Um-ntwana. 




Mnw-ana (mu-ha). 




In-hlamvu. 




M-RiBO {mu-mi). 




Ira-bita. 




M-TjEuo {mumi). 


Fruitful, be, v. 


Vunda. 




BouEUA. Bekeoa. 


Full, be, V. 


Cwala. 




Zhara. 


.. h&\f,aifj- 


Lesiqinti. 




Nio<;aswa. 


of the moon 


1, Dili&aua. 




BURUNGA.VA. 


V. int. 






Tjena kuru, adj. 



Pul 



( T4 ) 



Gat 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. 

Full grown, to be, v. Depa. 
Fun, n. Dhlala, v 



DZANA, V 



Fur, 
Furrow, n. 



U-boya {lu-zi). 
Um-seli. 



Soma, V. Tamba, v, Nema, v. 



Furrows, to make, v. Mba imisele. 
Enza imisele. 
Future, n. Umu-so. 



Ma-kitsi. 
M-TSETSE {mil-mi). 
M-BUNDi: (mu-mi). 
M-PANZHB (mu-mi). 
M-HOMBA {mu-mi), 
Parara mipanzhe. 



G 



Gain, v. tr. Zuza. 

Gale, n. Isi-pepo. 

Isi-vufi-uzana. 

Isi-zunuzana. 
Gall, n. I-nyofigo. 

Gallop, V. Mata. 

Gambol, v. (of lambs). Dhlala. 

Jagala. 
Game, n. Um-dhlalo. 



„ (animals), n. 
Gap, n. 

Gape, V. 
Garden, n. 

„ boundary, n. 

„ hut, 11. 

„ deserted, n. 
Garment, n. 
Gash, n. 

Gather, v. tr. 

„ up rubbish. 



I-nyamazane. 
Isi-kala. 
Um-kandhlo. 
Zamula. 
In-simu {pi. ama- 

simu). 
Um-nceli. 
I-dumha. 
I-fusi {U-ma). 
Isi-qogo. 
Umu-dwa. 

Buta. 

Wola izibi. 



Wan A. 

I-MEPO. 

i-tjampupuri. 
Ka-mungwe. 

N-TURURU. 

Banga. 
Tamba. 

I-FUBA, \a game 
I-TSORO, j played 

with stones in rows 

of holes. 

T-MUKA. 

Tji-buri. 

Sham(eny)a. 
Mu-NDA {mu-mi). 

M-GANU {mu-mi). 

Tjr-RINDO. 

I-KURA {ri-ma). 

I-HANZU. 

M-TSETSE {mu-mi). 
I-BENDE {ri-ma). 

KOKORODZA. 
BUNKANIDZA. 
Para MARARA. 



Gat 



( 75 ) 



Oir 



ENGLISH. 




TEBELB. 


SHUKA. 


Gather crops. 




Vuna amabele. 


TjECiA MAPFl XDE. 


.. fruit. 




Ka imbita. 


T.\XA MIRIBO. 


.. vegetables, 


day Fnla imbita. 


Vuna mikibo. 


bj' day. 








„ (of clouds),! 


K int 


Gu hloma amayezi. 


Makori a buda. 
mvura u no misa 

MAKORI. 


„ (of people), I 


Ktnt 


Butana. 


BrXKAXA. 


Gathering (abscess),! 


fi.I-tTimba (li-mo). 


I-MOTA {ri-7na). 


Gaze, r. 




Bu?a. 

In-kukama. 


Tarisa. 


Gemsbok, n. 




Unknown to the 








Masiu'xa. 


Generous, adj. 




Pana, r. 


Pa. Pana, v. 


Gentle, adj. 




Tamba, r. Cuma, v 


. Nyoroba, v. Nyoro, 
adj. 
Bi'DA. Mera. Tuxga. 


Germinate, r. 




Hluma. Mila. 








KWIXIRA. 


Get, V. 




Znza. 


Waxa. 


„ up (from sleep). 


Vugra. 


MroA. 


„ „ (from sitting). Sugnma. 


MiRIOA. MlRUGA. 


t, in. 




Ngena. 


Nouna. Pixda. 


„ out. 




Puma. 


Bl'DA. 


„ „ of the 1 


svay. 


Gwedhla. Suga. 
Xpga. 


BVA PANU. 


„ away. 




Muga. Suga. 


BVA PAXr. MiRIGA. 
SiMUGA. 


„ down, V. 




Ehliga. 


BrRUGA. 


„ better, v. 




Pola. Sila. 


PoxA. Tjira. 


„ through(a fence).Fohla. 


Bhaxya. Pfuga. 








POYA. 


Ghost, n. 




Isi-tuhwane. 


Tj-ero. 






Um-kobo. 


T.II-BANDU. 


Giddiness, v. 




Isi-yezi. 


I-DZUXGU. 


Gift, 71. 




In-tuso. 


Tji-po. 


Giraffe, ??. 




In-tudhla. 


N-SWIZA. I-SOMA. 


Girdle. ;j. 




Isi-focelo. 


I-fjASHU (rt-ma). 


Girl, n. 




In-tombi. 


I-MANDARA (l-dzi). 
M-SIOANA {7UU-ba). 


„ little, n. 




In-kazana. 


M-SIGAXA. 


„ very little 


71. 


Isi-tandana. 


T.II-BHYERI. 

M-PiiiLi (where ph = 
an aspirated p, and 
not/). 



Giv 



( 7G ) 



Go 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. 

Grive, V. Niga. Nigela. Pa. 

„ back. Buyisa. 

„ over and above. Elegela. 



» 


more. 




Engezelela. 


)> 


in, or np. 




Dela. 


>; 


presents. 




Tusa. 




„ libera 


Hv. 


Pana. 


Glad 


, be, V. 




Jabula. 
Taba. 



Glance off (of a bul- Hudhlula. 
let), V. Tjitjiliza. 

Siga. 
Glass, n. Isi-bonebone. 

Glen, n. Isi-hotja. 

Glide, V. int. Tjele^a. 

Glisten, \ Cwazimula. 

Glitter, S ' Kazimula. 

Globe, 71., see "Ball." 
Gloom, n. Ubu-mnyama. 

Gloomy, cujij. (of the Hloma, v. 

sky). Gu hloma amayezi= 

see " Gather " The sky is gloomy. 
„ (dispirited). Inhliziyo imnyama. 
Glow, V. Kihliga. 

Glow-worm, n. Um-sundu. 

Glutinous, adj. Namfuzega, v. 

Glutton, 11. Isi-minzi. 

Gnat, v., see "Mosquito," 
Gnaw, V. Kukuza. 

GnUjW., blue brindled. In-konkoni. 

Go, V. Hamba. Ya. 

,, in Indian file. Landelana. 

„ for pleasure. Hambela (nje). 



SHUNA. 

Pa. 

DZOSERA. 
KWIRIGA. 

kwiriuanyisa. 

Wedzeka, Pamidza. 

Rega. Regedza. 

Pa. 

Pa gwazo 

BiMBA. 

MOYO WANGU U NO 

tjena = my heart 
is glad (white). 

KWARADZURA. 
GWIINGIRA. 
TjEGA. 
RiNGIRIRO. ^ 

i-koronga. 

Tedzemuga. 

Penya. 



„ (stooping, bent). Totoba. 
„ from. Suga. 

see " Depart." 



I-RIMA. 

Mis A, V. 

Zwi MrSA MAKORB. 
SWIBA, V. 

Rota. Nyenga. 

Tji-taitai. 

Kwekwemuga. 

Dyisa, v. 

" U neguru." 

Tetena. l^UiJUNA. 
Banda. 

I-VUMBA. 

Famba. Enda. 

Toberana. 

Teberana. 

Endera. 

Fambira (angu). 

Nangaira. 

MUGA. 



Go 



( 77 ) 



Gol 



KNGLI8H. 


TKBELE. 


8HUNA. 


Go in. 


Ngena. 


PiNDA. 


see " Enter." 






.. out. 


Puma. 


BUDA. 


„ up. 


Kwela. 


KWIRA. 


.sye "Climb." 






„ down. 


Ehla. 


BURUKA. 


see " Descend." 






,, near. 


Sondela. 


Seder A. 


see '• Approach. 


?» 




„ quickly. 


Tjetja. 


Tjimbidziga. 




Panisa. 


Mangisa. 




Kauleza. 


KURUMIDZA. 




Kitjima. 


Maxya. 


,, aside. 


Pambuga. 


TSAUGA. 


„ through a coun- 


Dabula ilizwe. 


DlMl'RA NYIGA. 


try. 




PaRURA NYIGA. 


„ back. 


Buya. 


DZOGA. 


.see "Return." 






,. astray. 


Lahlega. 
Tuhiga. 


Rashiga. 


„ with (a person). 


Pelegfczela. 


Perega. 


«ee" Escort." 






„ " round there." 


Beta fiale. 


POTA NAKOKO. 


,, round (make the 


Nqumala... 


Piya NA... 


circuit), r. tr. 


Nqumisa. 


PiRIGA. 


., round and round 

r. int. 
„ round (like a 


, Zifielega. 


Tenderega. 


Ndenda. 


POTEREf;A 


wheel), V. int. 


Ziiieleza. 


PiRIRIGA. 


„ beyond. 


Dhlula. 


Pin DA. 


„ out of sight. 


Tjona. Sitega. 
Cima. 


BiRA. Nyura. 


„ out (of fire). 


DZIMA. 


„ off (of a gun), 


Kala. 


RlRA. 


V int. 






.. backwards. 


Hamba nyovane. 


SlTDUBUOA. 


„ out (as cattle to 


Aluga. 


BUDA. 


pasture). 




FURA. 


„ out (early before 


Dhla amazolo. 


DyA IKAWA. 


being milked). Caga. 


Pya IRRTA. 


Goat, n. 


Im-buzi. 


M-BITDZI. 


(iod, ». 


Um-limo. 


MSw-AU. 


(ioM, n. 


Imali ebomvu. 


N-DURAMA. 

I-HABU I-TJBRBOE. 



Goo 



( 78 ) 



Qra 



ENGLISH. 

Good (right), adj. 



(nice), adj, 

(kind), adj. 
„ (sound). 



Goodbye ! 



„ „ to bid, V. 
Good day ! 

Good fortune, n. 

Good natured, be, v. 

Goodness, n. 
Goods, 71. 
Goose (wild), n. 

Gore, V. 
Gormandize, v. int. 

Gossip, V. 
Govern, v. 

Governor, n. 

Gradually, adv. 



Grain (single), n. 
„ Kaffir corn. 



TEBELE. 

Luna, t\ 

Gu lunile = it is good. 

Mnandi. 

Lomusa. 
Ctina, V. 
Sala(ni) guhle ! 
sing, and pi. 

Ham"ba(ni) guhle! 

sin(j. and yv^. 



Aka ! Akani ! 

Aka guhle ! 

Akani guhle. 

Valelisa. 

Sa gu bona, sing. 

Sa 11 bonani, pi. 

In-hlanhla. 

I-nyanya. 

Cuma. Lomusa, adj 



TJgu-luna. 
Im-pahla. 
I-dada elikulu. 

Hlaba. 
Minza. 
Hahamela (?) 
Xoxa. 
Busa. 

Um-busi. 

In-duna. 

Gahle. 

Enza gahle = do it 

gently. 

XJ-hlamvu {lu-zi). 
Ama-bele. 



SHUNA. 
RURAMA, V. 
ZWA KA RURAMA. 
RURAMNRA, V. 

NAKA, V. 

BuYANA, adj. 
DiSA,v.<?\ ZiBA,v. ^r. 

SlMBARARA, V. 

Tsara(i) zwibuyana! 
Tjisara, sing. 
Tjisarai, pi. 
Enda(i) zwitswene! 
Enda(i) zwako! 

FaMBA ZWA KA 

naka! 
Baka ! sing. Bakai ! 
pi. 

Onega. 
GwAziwA, sing. 

GWAZIWAI, pi. 
I-MANZHA. 

DiSA (banu) v. 

ZiBA, V. 

GwAi, adj. 

GU-RURAMA. 

I-NUMBE. 

I-SHAMBIRA. 

I-SEKWE (7•^-ma). 

Baya. 

Dyisa. 

Rebetbgana. Zuwa, 
Gara. Garigana. 

BVUNZA. 

She. 
Naka, v. 

ItA ZWA KA NAKA. 

ZiBUYANA. 
I-TSANGA. 

Ma-pfunde. Zwi-yo. 



6ra 



( 79 ) 



Gre 



I 



ENGLISH. 


TEBRLE. 


8HUNA. 


Grain, mealies. 


Umu-mbu. 


Tji-bakwe. 
Tji-mant.a. 


„ like millet. 


U-poko ilu-zi). 


Rr-KWEZHA. 


„ like canary seed, I-nyauti. 


1-MUNGA. 


but green. 






„ (of wood). 


Um-zila. 


M A-KWAR A. Ml-TSETE. 


Grains (after brew- 


In-sipo. 


Ma-setje. Ma-siwa. 


ing), n. 




Ma-swiswinwa. 


Grand, adj. 


Kulu. Hie. 


Ki'RU. Naka, v. 


Grapple (wrestle), v. 


Bambana. 


Batana. 


Grasp, t'. 


Bamba. 


Bata. 


Grass, n. 


U-tjani {bu). 
In-kota. 


Bu-hwa. 


„ old and dry. 


I-DIHWA. I-BOXDO. 






I-sora {ri-ma). 


„ short green. 


U-hlaza ilu-zi). 


RU-SKWISKWI. 




Ama-hlunu. 


I-(iUNGUTSA {ri-ma). 


k „ very long. 


Uqunu {lu-zi). 


I-SHABAHURU. 


F"*"'" 


U-jeje {lu-zl). 
U-gutu ilu-zi). 
In-totoviyane. 




^ „ (locust). 


In-tete. 


I-MASHU. 


Grateful, be, v. int. 


Bonega. 


BOKEGA. 

Tendega. 


Grave ru 


I-liba {li-ma). 


I-LINDA (ri-ma). 



the graves 
great = 
Gravel (or sandy Isi-hlabati. 
ground), n. I-coba. 



• ravy (of meat), n. 
„ (of vegetable). 
Graze, r. 

„ (the skin, etc.), 
''rease, n. 
„ V. 
< ' reas}', Oflj. 
( J reat, mij. 
„ thing, n. 

„ make, r. 
., How great? 
'J reed, n. 



Um-hluzi. 

Um-hluzi. 

Dhla. 

Pucula. 

Ama-cobo. 

Coba. 

Lamacobo. 

Kulu. 

Um-huma. 

In-kalagata. 

Kulisa. 

Ngaeanani. 

Um-nau. 



I-GUBA (ri-ma). 

of the/DziM-BAKWE. 
\ZlM-BABVK. 
Rl-SIIETJB. 
I-DZUTSE. 

I-vuvumnre (ri-ma). 

MU-TO. N-TO. 
N-DUBHYE. 

Dhla. Dya. 

SUBURA. SoTORA. 

Ma-futa. 
Zhora. 
Nkmafita. 
KiiRir. HuRiT. 



KrnzA. 

OiNI. 
1-TJlBA. 



KURISA. 



Gre 



( 80 ) 



Gru 



ENGLISH. 




TEBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Greedy, adj. 




Lomhau. 


Net JIB A. 
Tjotjora, v. 
Kara, v. 


Green, adj. 




Luhlaza. 


Mbishe. Mfumpu. 
Zerere. Nyoro 

(tender). 


Greet, v. tr. 




Biftelela (on arr.). 
Valelisa (on dep ). 


GWAZISA. 


Grey, adj. 




Tuli. 


Mtjena. 


„ hair. 




Izi-mvu ezimhlope. 


I-MVI. 


Grieve, v. int. 




Kala. Lila. 


Tjema. Rira. 


Grievous, adj. 




Nzima. 


Rema. 


Grin, v. 




Boizela. 


Nana. 


1 




Hlegela indhlela. 


SeCtEr(br)a. 






Sinisa insimi. 




Grind corn, snuff, v. 


Cola igwai. 


GWIYA MAPFUNDE. 






Sila amabele. 


GWIYA FODYA. 


„ knife. 




Lola iiKjamu. 


EODZA BANGU. 


„ boiled corn. 


Potula isicaba. 




Grindstone, n. 




Um-lalaza. 


Tji-rodzero. 

I-KUSHO. 


Gripe, v. tr. 




Luma isisu. 


RUMA MTUMBU. 
TjEGA MTUMBU. 
DZKWA MABURA. 


Groan, v. 




Bubula. 


GOMERA. 


Groin, n. 




Im-bilapo. 


Mnr-ambabvu. 


Groove, n. 




Um-sele. 


M-PANZHE (mu-^i), 
M-TSETSE (mu-mi). 


Grope, V. 




Pumputa. 


TSWANGADZIRA. 


see also "Feel one's way." 




Ground, n. 




Um-hlaba. 


M-SBTJE (mu-mi). 






Um-hlabati. 


I-vu (ri-ma). 


Group, n. 




I-xugwana {li-ma) 


Tji-tsama. 


Grow, V. 




Knla. 


KURA. 


„ of hair. 


wool. 


Mila. 


Mera. 


„ old, V. 




Guga. 


Shakara. 


fat. V. 




Nona. 


KORA. 


Growl, V. 




Hahamela. 


Dzoba. 






Hwapela. 


VURUMIRA. OmBA. 


Grub, n. 




Isi-bufiu. 


Tji-puganano. 


„ (edible, 


large 


\ I-cimbi {li-ma). 


I-DORA (ri-ma). 


hairy. 


found 


I-RABA (ri-ma). 


on trees). 




I-SHODHLA (ri-7na). 



Gra 



( 81 ) 



Gun 



KNOI.ISH. 


TKUELE. 


8HUNA. 


Grub (a variety that 






encases itself 






in small bits 






of dry grass, 






and is fatal 






to animals U-mahambafie- 




when eaten 


ndhlwana. 




by them). 


pl. Omahamba.na. 




„ (maggot). 


Im-petu. 


I-HONYE {ri-ma). 


Grudge, r. tr. 


Ncitja. 


Nyima. 


Grumble, r. 


Sola. Kalala. 


TSAMNRA. RuRUMJJrA. 


at a gift. 


Cona. 




Grunt, V. 


Bouapolia. 


DzoBA. Omba. 


Guard, v. (watch). 


Linda. 


RlNDA. 




Londoloza. 


TJENCIETA. 


„ (fence). 


Viga. 


DZIBA. 


Guardian, n. 


Um-lindi. 






Um-londolozi. 


M-RiNDi imu-ha). 


Guess, V. 


Qambela. Clandelela. Reba. 


Guide, V. tr. 


Tunamela. 


TUNOAMIRA. 


Guilty, be, v. 


Ona. 


Tadza. Tjinya. 


Guinea-fowl, n. 


I-tendele {li-ma). 


I-HANGA {ri-ma). 


Gully, n. 


U-dona {lu-zi). 


1-KORONGA. 


see rt/«o" Channel. 


M 




tGum (from trees), n. 


In-hlaga. 


I-XAMO. 


Dum8 (of teeth), n. 


In-sini. 


Ma-i>zixini. 




Inyama yamazinyo, 


, MA-.SINI. 


Gun, n. 


Um-pobo. 
. Um-nlohlo. 


I-PFi'Ti {ri ma). 


„ breech loading, 


I-PFONYB(JWA. 


„ -barrel, u. 


Um-hlandhla wom- 
pobo. 


I-MEMBE RBPPUTI. 




Um-luli wompobo. 


I-PKUTKJA YEPFUTI. 




Um-pobo. 


M-8ANA WEPFUTI. 


„ -lock, n. 


Ubu-doda bompobo. 


I-BAVA RBPFUTI. 




Um-blati wompobo. 


Bi:-KADZI BEPFUTI. 


„ -cock, 71. 


Is-andhla sompobo. 


1-KAU YBPFUTI. 


see also ''Cock:' 




„ -trigger, n. 


Isi-tojwana som- 


M-BORO WEPFUTI. 




pobo. 


Rr-KINOISO (JWEP- 
FUTI. 


„ -nipple, 11. 


Isi-tojwana som- 
pobo. 
Um-toto wompobo. 


M-BORO WEPFUTI. 



Gun 



( B2 ) 



Hal 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


8HUNA. 


Gun-stock, n. 


Isi-dngu sompobo. 


I-GARU REPFUTI. 
I-DAKU YEPFUTI. 


„ -sight, n. 


Ili-hlo lompobo. 


ZlSO REPFUTI. 


Gunpowder, n. 


Ubu-hlnnu. 


U-NGA. BU-NGA. 




Um-sili. 


RU-KWEZA. 

Ma-bikwa. 


„ bag of. 


Isi-iumba sobu- 
hlunu. 


I-KABA ROBUNGU. 






„ tin of. 


Isi-xini sobuhlufiu. 
I-kankili (ii-ma). 


TjI-KABA TJOBUNGA, 


Gun -cap, n. 


In-kohlo. 


I-GADZU {ri-.ma). 

N-KOHYO. 


„ -shot, n. 


Isi-fefe. 


Ma-bara maduku. 
Ma-bhye. 


„ -bullet, n. 


U-hlamvu (lu-zi). 


I-BARA {ri-ma). 


Gush, V. 


Putjuga. 


FOSHOGA. 




Puma namandhla. 


BUDA NESIMBA. 


Gut, n. 


I-tumbu {li-ma). 


I-BURA {ri-ma). 


Gutter, n. 


XJmsele. 


M-BUNDA. 



Habit, n. 
Habituallj^, adv. 



Hail, n. 

Hair, n. (human). 

„ n. (animal). 

„ stand on end, v. 



split, V. 



Half, n. 

Half skin (of ox), n. 
Half cooked, adj. 
Half dead, be, v. 



H 

Ugu-ma. GuGARA, Gu-mira. 

Jayela, «;., e.g. Ba Korobera. Dzibira. 

jayela ugu bema 

= they habitually Ba korobera gu 

smoke = sitta (fodya). 

Isi-qoto. Tji-pfuramabhye. 

U-nwele {lu-zi). Ma-vli>zi. 
U-boya {lu-zi). Ma-kusi. 

Tjwaqa, e.g. Gwa 

tjwaqa inwele 

zami = my hair 

stood on end. 
Cezula, e.g. Musa 

ugu cezula inwele 

= don't split hairs. 
U-cezu {lu-zi). I-BANDE {ri-ma). 

I-bambo. 

Luhlaza. Bishi. 

Fa. Fa. 



Hal 



Hat 



KNGLISH. 


TKBELK. 


SHUN A. 


Half-fill, I'. //•. 


Enza isi-keze. 


ZiYAMISMA. 




Enza isi-ointL 


Ita IGASWA. 


Halt! int. 


Maiia ! 
Manabo ! 


Mira! 


Halve, v. tr. 


Banda pagati. 


TSEMURA MKATI. 




Dabula pagati. 


DiMURA MKATI. 




Siga pagati. 


TjEGA MKATI. 


Halloa, to, v. 


Heya. 




Hammer, r. 


Betela. 


ROMERA. PfURIDZA. 


n. 


I-sandu {li-7)ia). 


I-NYUNDU. 

1-TSINU= sledge ham- 
mer. 


Hand, n. 


Is-andhla. 


Ru-BOKO. Tj-ANSA. 


risht. 


Is-andhla esogunene. Ru-boko rudhli. 


„ left. 


Is-andhla esokohlo. 


Ru-BOKO RUMOHWB. 


Handle, v. 


Pata. 


Rata. 


„ (of a knife), n 


. Isi-landa. Um-pini 


. M-piNi. Tji-bato. 


„ (of hoe). 


Um-pini. 


M-pixi. 


Handsome, adj. 


Hie. 


Naka, v. 


Hang up, V. tr. 


Panyega. 


TURIGA. 


„ down, V. iiitr. 


Lena. 


Rembera. 


„ over (a cliflf). 


Engama. 




„ out to dry, ?'.</• 


. Caya. 


NiGA. 


„ by the neck, 


> Bopela. 


SrXGIRA. 


V. tr. 


Panyega. 


Tl'RlGA. 


Happen, v. 


Hla. 


BVA. 


Happy, adj. 


Busa, V. Taba, v. 


Gara, v. Bimba, v. 
Fara, v. Guta, v. 


Hard, adj. (not soft). Lukuni. 


Guoutu. 


„ (difficult). 


Lukuni. 


Gugutu. 


Hare, n. 


Um-vundhla. 


I-T8URA. 


Harm, r. tr. 


Limaza. 


Remadza. Kubadza. 


Harsh, ailj. 


Lukuni. 


Gugutu. 


Harvest, v. tr. 


Vuna. 


Tjega. 


„ -time, n. 


Ugw-indhla. 


I-ZHiziiA (ri-ma). 
Ma-sutso. 


Hasten, v. int. 


Kauleza. 


Tjimbidzioa. 




Pafiisa, 


Manyisa. 




Tjetja. 


KURUMinZA. 


Hat,n. 


In-guane. 


I-HUSI. N-Gl'ANB. 

Tjii'epe. Tji-tundu. 
Tji-fesu. 


Hatch, r. 


Camusela. 


TjBTJENYA. 



Hat 



( 84 ) 



Hea 



ENGLISH, 

Hatchet, n. 
Hate, V. 
Haul, V. 
Have, V. 



Hawk, n. 

„ (sparrow-hawk) 



TEBELE. 

I-hloga {li-ma). 

Zonda. 

Hola. 

La, prejy. 

l^i lehloga=I have 

an axe. 
Um-zwazwa. 
U-kozana {hi-zl). 
. Lu-helwane. 
I-matebene. 



Haze (morning). In-kufiu. 

„ (heat). U-fasimbe (lu-zi). 

He, pron. U. Yena. 

Head, n. I-kanda {li-ma). 

In-hlogo. 

„ in assent, nod, v. Leguza nekanda. 

„ in dissent, to Nigina ikanda. 

shake, v. 
„ back of the, n. 
„ top of, n. 
„ of cattle, a, n. 
„ -ache, to have, V 



Isi-pundu. 
Isi-hlogo. 
In-komo. 
Bulawa ikanda. 
Kwelwa ikanda. 



man, ?i. 



„ ornament, n. 

i, „ of mar- 

ried women. 
„ ring of men, ??. 
Headstrong man, ii. 

Heal, V. int. 
Healthy, to be, v. 

Heap, n. 

V. tr. 



Um-numzana. 
In-duna. 

In-dhlugnla. 
Um-goqo (of women). 

Isi-colo. 

Isi-dhlodhlo. 

Isi-poxo. 

Pola. 

Hamba, e.g. :&i sa 
hamba=Iamwell. 
I-nqumbi. 

Bega inqumbi. 
Enza inqumbi. 



8HUNA. 

I-SHANU {ri-ma). 
Benga. 
Kakata. 
Na, j^rep. 
Ndi neshanu. 

N-JERERE. 

N-GAVI. 

EU-BANGU. 

Ka-gondamaswino. 
Ka-rukodzi. 

BU-TSI. 
BU-TSI. 

U. Uyo. Iye. 
M-SORO {mu-mi). 

Gudula m-soro. 
Dabira msoro. 



I-GODZI. 
M-SORO. 
I-NOMBE. 

Bur AIWA MSORO. 

KWIRIWA MSORO. 

TeMNRA MSORO. 

M-KURU. 

M-NWENE. M-TJINDA. 

M-RIDZI. 

I-NYUMBU. 

TjI-GURA. 

RU-ZHUMO (BU-MU). . 
TjI-DANGA. 

1-BENGO {ri-ma). 
I-BENZi {ri ma). 

PORA. 

Enda. Famba. 
Ndi no famba. 
M-OGWi {mu-mi). 

I-DUTO. 

Ita mogwi. 



Hea 



( 85 ) 



Her 



VNOLI8H. 

Hear, v. 
Heard, be, v. 
Heart, n. 

Heart-broken, be, r 
see also " Sorrow 
Hoartbura, n. 

Hearth, n. 

Hearthstones, n. 
Heat, r. act. 
Heaven, ju 
Heavy, adj. 

Hedge, n. 

„ to make a, 

Heed, r, 
Heel, n. 
Heifer, n. 

Heif^ht, n. 
Held, be, r. htf. 
Help, r. tr. 



fill. 



Zwa. 

Zwagala. 
In-hliziyo. 
Dabuga inhliziyo. 



Isi-lufiulela. 

I-zigO {li-7na). 

Ama-sego. 
Kudnmeza. 
I-zulu (^0- 
Nzima. 
Sin da, v. 
U-tafio (lu-zf). 
Biyela utafio. 



SHUN A, 
HWA. NSKWA. 
HWIGA. NSKWIGA, 

M-ovo. 
Parucia moyo. 

Tji-ni:nourira. 

SOTWA, V. 

I-TJOTO. 

TjI-BESO. 

Ma-pfiwa. 
DzisA. Pisa. 

I-DENGA {ri). 

Hem A, V. 



Sabela. 
Isi-tende. 
I-tokazi {li-mn). 

Ubu-de. 



Helper, n. 
Helplew, adj. 

iw«" Unable." 
Qelter-skelter, run, v. Pilizela. 



Pr-GITA. 
BaKIUA RrGlTA. 

Shosheka. 
Dabira. 

Tjl-T.SINO. 
M-ROMBE. 

I-TSiRii (ri-ma). 

BU-REFU. • 

Bambega. Batiwa. 
Siza. TjiDZA. 

Hlafiala. Ponisa. 

Causative mood for " help " to do a thing, 

e.g. Help me to 

hold, friend ! = :&i 

bambisa mfete! = Nni batidza miu mi ! 
Um-8izi. M-Tjii)zi. 

Ahlulega, v. Kona, v. 



Hem, V. 

„ n. 
Hemp, Indian, n. 

„ to smoke, r. 
Hen, n. 

Her, proru 
Herb, n. 



Peta. 
Um-peto. 
I-sango. I-daha. 
Bema isango. 
In-kukukazi. 

M. Yena. 
Umn-tikazana. 



Pesanapesana. 

Nyongana. 

Peta. 

M-PETO {mu-mi). 

M-BANZHE. 
Sl'TA MBANZIIE. 
I-HlKlKAnZI. 

I-nrKWADzi. 
M. Uvo. Iye. 
Ikjwbnzi (ri-via). 

MlT-TI. 



Her 



( 86 ) 



Hit 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


snuMA. 


Herb, edible, like 


Im-buya. 


I-MOWA (ri-ma). 


spinach. 






„ edible, another Ulu-de. 


I-SUNGWA. I-NYBVI. 


kind. 






Herd, v. tr. 


Alnsa. 


FUDZA. 


„ n. 


Um-hlambi. 


I-DANGA (ri-ma). 

MU-DUNGWE. (N-Jl). 


„ -boy, n. 


Umfana wenkomo. 


M-KOMANA. 




Um-alusi. 


WENOMBE. 


Here, adv. 


Koiia(pa). 


No. Pano. Panu. 




Lapa. 


Pa. Papa. 


Here it is ! adv. 


Nanku (impersonal). 


Ego. Oko. 


For other classes 


see " Notes." 




Hesitate, v. int. 


Bambega. Tiyega. 


TlYIGA. 


Hew, V. tr. 


Gamuia. 


Tema. 


Hiccough, n. 


Intwabi. - 


I-NIGWI. M-NIGWI. 


XX.." ""' 


U va tjaya intwabi. 
Fihla. 


, U NENIGWI. • 


Hide, V. tr. 


Banza. 


see " Conceal." 






Hide, V. int. 


Catja. 


Bhata. Banda. 


„ w., sec "Skin.' 


'' 




Hideous, adj. 


Sabega, v. 


Hyiga, v. 


High, a<:lj. 


De. 


Refu. Rbba, v. 


High (of meat), v. 


Vunda. Bola. 


YuvA. Bora. 


Hill, n. 


In-taba. 


I-GOMO (ri-ma). 


„ a little. 


In-tajana. 


TjI-GOMO. 


„ rounded, not 


U-qaqa,pZ. Amaqaqa I-nana, pi. Ma-tana. 


rocky, n. 


(lu-ma). 




Him, pran. 


JUL. Yena. 


M. Uyo. Iyb. 


Hinder, v. tr. 


Libazisa. Vimbela. 


Baraidza. 


Hip, n. 


U-kalo (lu-zi). 


Tji-bunu. 


„ joint, n. 


I-ngalu. 




Hippopotamus, n. 


Im-vubu. 


M-VUBU. ^ 


His, pron. 


..ke,.s-ee" Notes." 


...KE. 


Hiss, V. 


Tjipa. 


Shona. 




Hwapa. 


Sinyira. 


Hit, V. 


Tjaya. 


ROBA. 


„ (not miss), v. 


Tuza, e.g. u kutile ! 
atji, u tuzile! = he 
has missed ! No, 
he lias hit ! 




„ (a bird on the Nemba. 


Enduriga. 


wing), V. 







Hoa 



( 87 ) 



Hon 



ENOLISn. TKnET.E. 

Hoar-frost, n. I-nqoqwane 

Hoarse, be, r. Ilizwi li ya tja. 

Hoax, r. Kohlisa. 

Hobble, V. int., see '" La mo." 
„ V. tr., see " Knee halter." 



Hoe, V. 

«ee"Dig." 
„ w. 
Hop, n. 
Hoist, t'. 
Hold, r. 
„ the handj 
receive, r. 
Hole (in ground), n. 



Lima. 

I-kuba (li-77ia). 
In-guhibe. 
Pagamisa. 
Bamba. 
to Kafieza. 



Um-lindi (mu-mi). 

Um-godi. 

I-goii (ff-ma). 
„ (a mine). Um-lindi. 

„ (for corn). Um-lindi. 

„ (animal's den). Um-hume. 
„ (inatree,acave).Lii-balu. 
,, (in a tooth). Um-holo. 

Um-lindi. 
„ (in a garment, Isi-kala. 

or fence). 
„ (in a piece of Isi-pobo. 

wood), )i. 
„ to make, r. Pehla (in wood). 

Mba (in the ground). 
Home, u. I-kaya {li-ma). 

„ at home, ailv. Ekaya. 

„ our, my home. Giti. 
• ,, your home. Gini. 

„ their, his home. Gibo. 
Honast, arlj. Lufia, v. 

Hooey, iu I-nyosi. 



bee, 71. 


I-nyosi. 


bear, u. 


Ulinda. 


„ bird, n. 


I-sehlo. 




In-sedhlu. 


,, comb, n. 


I-ncino. 


„ to Uke, n 


Tapa inyosi 



SHUKA. 

Tj-ando. 

Ihwi ri notswetera. 

Tjexgedza. 



RiMA. 

I-BADZA (ri-via). 

N-JIRI. 
MiRIDZA. 

Bata. 

Tjinoa. Tjiza. 

Tambira. 

Mnw-ina. 

I-ooMBA (ri-ma). 

I-BiRi (ri-ma). 

I-(;OMBA. 
M-8INA. 

I-BA(;o {ri-ma). 

1-BAGO. 
TjI-BURI. 

Tji-buri. 

BURURA. 

Tjera. 

Mu-SHA {mu-mi), 

GU MU8HA. 

Pa musha. 

GWEDU. 
GWENYU. 
GWABO. 
RURAMA, V. 
I-NYf)TJl. 

Br-T.ir. 

T-NYOT.II. 

Tji-tsererb. 

I-TJEZIir. 

I-T80R(). 

I-NAMO. 

Mora nyotji. 



Hon 



How 



ENGLISH. 

Honour, r. tr. 
see also " Praise.' 

Honour, n. 
Hoofs, «. 

Hook, V. tr. 



TEBELE. 

Dumisa. Azisa. 
Hlonipa. 

U-dumo (lu-zi). 
Ama-nqina. 

Gwegwa. 



„ n. 
see " Crook," 
Hope, V. Temba gu. 

see also " Confidence." 



Isi-gwegwe. 

'ish-liook.'' 



„ n. 
Horn, n. 

„ for smoking. 
,, cupping. 

Hornet, n. 
Horse, n. 

„ get on, V. 
„ get off; V. 
Hot, be, V. int. 



to make, v. tr. 



House, n. 



Household, n. 
How, adv. 



In-temba. 
U-pondo {lu-zi). 
I-gudu 
U-pondo Iwogu- 

lumega. 
Umu-vo. 
I-piza (li-ma). 

Kwela ipiza. 

Ehliga epizeni. 

Kudumala. Tja, e.g. 

Lamhla gu ya kudu- 
mala =to-da3^ it is 
hot. 

Kudumeza. Tjisa. 

liana li ya tjisa 
lamh]a=the sim 
burns to-dav. 

In-dhlu. 

Isi-haisi (white 
man's house). 

Aben-dhlu. 

Kanjani. Njani. 

Nam. 



SHUN A. 
RlRIDZA. 

Keberegesa. 
kurumbira. 
Tji-rumiu. 
Ma-gum no. 
Ma-zondo. 

KOKOBA. 

Mgobora. 
Tji-kokobo. 

Pfunga gu... 



Ru-nyanga. 

I-gonanombb. 

M-rumigo. 

I-GO (ri-ma). 

M-BISI. 

I-Bisi {ri-ma). 
kwira mbisi. 
Deruka nembisi. 

DZIGWA. DZIYA. 

TUGUTA. 

ZWI NO DZIYA NASI. 

DziSA. Pisa. 

ZhUBA RI no PISA 

NASI. 

I-MBA. 
I-NUMBA. 

BOMUMBA. 

TjiNi. Sei. 



How shall I do it? Ni za gu enza kan- Ndi no ita sex? 

jani? 
How great? adv. N^aganani. Ngapani. Dint. 

Howbigisthetree?Isihlahlaesingaga- Muti mu dini? 

nani? 
How many ? fl<:?i?. ...ngake. ...ngani. 

How many men ? Amadoda mangake ? Barumi bangani ? 



How 



( 80 ) 



Has 



EXQLISH. 


TKnELE. 




SHUN A. 


How often ? air. 


Kangake. 




Kangani. 


How often did you 


Wa pinda kangake \ 


Wa ka pama ka- 


(do it)? 






ngani ? 


However, adr. 


Kodwa. 




KO(JA. 


How], V. 


Bubula. 




GOMERA. 


see " Whine." 








Hug, r. 


Gona. 




Tjinga. 


see also " Embrace 


57 






Huge, adj. 


Knlnkazi. 
In-kalagata, lu 




KURUKURU. 


Hum, r. 


Tjitja. Huba. 
Humuzela. 




HUNGA. 


Humane, ^f//. 


Lomusa. 




Nemkowa. 


Humble, adj. 


Tobega, v. 




Ts AM BIG A, V. 

Nyoro. 


Humiliate, v. tr. 


Tobisa. 




GWANATIDZA. 
PiSISA. 


Hump of an ox, w. 


I-lunda. 




I-NYUNDWA. 


Hundred, n. 


Li kulu. 




I-ZANA (ri-ma). 


Hunger, v. 


Lamba. 




ZlYA. 


„ n. 


In-dhlala. 
I-pano [U-ma). 




N-zhara. 


Hunt, V. 


J lima. Zifiela. 




ViMA. Shaba. 


Hunter, n. 


Um-jumi. 




M-VIMI. M-JIMBA. 
M-GOBERI. 


Hurl, V. 


Posa. 




Kanoa. 


Hurry, p. rtcA 


Tjetjisa. 




Tjimbidzisa. 


sm •* Hasten." 








Hurt, w. ir. 


Bulala. 




Bur ay A. 




Limaza. 




Kl'BADZA. ReMADZA 


„ r. in/. 


Limala. 




KlBARA. ReMARA. 


Husband, n. 


In do da (j^l Ama 


- M-RUMI. 




doda). 






Hush! r. 


Tula ! 




NyararaI 


Husk, r. 


I kasi {li-ma). 




M-BHISHU. 


„ of mealies. 


Ingubo. 




M-BHISHU. 




Ama-fonosi. 




Ma-zingit. 


„ of com. 


Umu-li. 




I-nrxi)i {ri-ma). 
Mr-Ri. 




Aina-koba = cornan 


d Ma-fufu. 




husks before 


the Ma-koto. 




.second threshi 


ng- 




Hustle, V. 


Snnduza. 




Sayira. 



Hut 



( 90 ) 



In 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


8HUNA. 


Hut, n. 


Indhlu. 


I-(nu)mba. 


„ temporary. 


In-dumba. 


I-NYEMBA. 
I-DUMBA. 


„ boys'. 


I-xiba (li-ma). 


I-(;oTA {ri-ma), 

I-NAGWA. 


„ girls'. 


I-xiba. 


I-DIYE. 


Hysena, n. 


Im-pisi. 


TjI-PERB. 


Hymn, n. 


In-goma. 


I-GwiYO {ri-ma). 


Hypocrite, n. 


Um-kohlisi. 


M-TJENGEDZI. 


Hypocritically, to 


Zenzisa. Kohlisa. 


ZWITIRA. 


act, V. 


1 
'^i. Imi. Mina. 


TjENGEDZA. 


I, pron. 


Ndi. Imi. Ini. 


Ice, n. 


Lu-qwe5[we Iwa- 
manzi. 


Ma-zayira. 


Idiot, n. 


Isi-tuta. 


Tji-rema. 
I-ditnungudza. 


Idle fellow, n. 


Li-vila, n. 


I-BENZi {ri-ma). 
I-siMBE {ri-ma). 


If, cor}j. 


Aliiba(na), bana, 


Kana. Njene. 




uba. Nxa. 


KUNGE. 


Ignite, V. tr. 


Lumatisa. 


Pisa. 


Ignorant, to be, v. 


Ugu fia (gw)azi. 


GU SA DZIBI. 


Iguana, n. 


Im-buln. 


M-PUGWA. 


Ill, to be, V. 


Gula. 


GWARA. 


Illuminate, v. 


Kanyisa. 


Venegisa. 


Image, n. 


Isi-fanegiso. 




Imitate, v. tr. 


Linisa. 


Edzesera. 


Immediately, adv. 


Katesi. Masinyane 


. gubenu. gvvenu. 
Gwazo. Zwinu. 


Immense, adj.^ see " 


'Great." 




Immerse, see " Plunge." 




Improve, v. tr. 


LuHisa. 


Ruramidza. 


cf. " Correct." 






Impudent, adj. 


Gafia, v., U gafiile= 

he is impudent. 


BiRIMAjV. TaPATA, V. 


In, prep. 


By the use of the 
Locative case, e.fi. 
endhlini=in the 


1 




house. 


Mu. Mkati mu... 




Pagati gu... 


Pagati pa... 



Ine 



( 91 ) 



lis 



EHOLISH. 


TEBELE. 


8HUKA. 


Incense, h. 


Um-tombote. 




Incision, //. 


Umu-dwa. 


M-TSET8E {mu-mi). 


Incite, r. fr. 


Vusa. 


MUTSA. 




Lwisa. 


GWISA. 




Qala. 


Tanga. 


Include, r. act. 


Bega pagati. 


Biga mkati. 




Bega endawonye 

In 


Increase in number 


id. ■ . 

Anda. 


Anda. 


r., see also " Grow 


?? 




Indeed, interj. 


Lembala ! 


DZAKO ! 


„ adv. 


Sibili. 


GWAZO. ZOKWAD£. 


Indian corn, «, 


Umu-mbn. 


TjI-BAKWE. 


Indistinct, adj. 


Ka gu zwagali. 


A GU HWIGI. 




Ka gu bonagaIi= 


= it A GU BONBGI. 




is indistinct. 




Individual (thing), see " Unit." 




Industrious, adj. 


Kutala, V. 


Namasimba. 

SiMBARARA, V. 


Infant, n. 


In-gane. 


M-tjetjana. 


Infect, V. tr. 


Telela. 


DiRA. Zadza. 


Infirm, to be, r. 


Guga. Lupala. 


Nganuga.Tjembera. 
Harabha, adj. 


„ person, n. 


Li-xegu {li-ma). 


I-HARABHA. 

M-TANA {mu-ha). 


Inflated, to be, v. 


Qumba. 


DZIMBIGWA. 


Inflate, v. act. 


dumbisa. 


DZIMBIDZA. 


Inform, officially, v. 


Biga. 


Reba. Budza. 


Inhabit, v. 


Aka. Hlala. 


Baka. Gara. 


Inherit, v. 


Dhla mafa. 


Dya homnwe. 
Dya maka. 
Gara inaka. 


Inheritance, n. 


Ama-fa. 


I-NAKA. 


Inject, V. (enema). 


Pozisa. 


SONIGA. 


Injure, v. (bodily). 


Limaza. 


KUBADZA. ReMADZA 


„ (verbally). 


Ceba. 


Tjeta. 


Innocent, ailj. 


A fii lacala=I 


am A NDi nemaka. 




innocent. 


A NDI NEM08WA. 


Inoculate, v. 


Caba. Tulla. 


Pfuma. S<)NA. 


Inquire, r. 


Biiza. 


BVUNZA. 


Insane, adj. 


Hlanya, v. 
Pagati. 


Peng a, v. 


Inside, prep. 


Mkati, 


Inspan, v. 


Bopela. 


SUNOIRA. 



Ins 



( 92 ) 



Ivo 



ENGLISH. 


TRBELR. 


SHUNA. 


Instead of. 


Gu loguba. 




Instruct, V. act. 


Fundisa. 


DZIDZISA. 

Rayira. 


Instructor, n. 


Um-fundisi. 


M-RAYIRI. 
M-DZIDZISI. 


Insult, V. tr. 


Sabomu. 


TlJKA. 


Intentionally, adv. 


Mnwaza. 






Katjiziba. 


Intercede for, v. 


Lamulela. 


Ramurira. 




Kulugela. Celela. 


KUMBIRIRA. 


Interfere, v. 


Ngena. 


PiNDA MKATI. 


Interpret, v. 


Humutja. 






Kulumela. 


Rebera. 


Interrupt, v. 


Vimbela. 


DZIBIRIRA. 


„ conversation 


. Dela (dissenting). 




Interval, n. 


Um-kati. 


I-DUNU. 


see "Distance." 


Isi-bana(na). 


Tjr-GARA. 


Intestine, large, n. 


Ulu-su. 


I-GURU. 


Intestines, n. 


Ama-tumbu. 


Ma-bu-ra. 


Intertwined, to be, v 


. Nxebana. 


KOREGANA. 


see " Entangled." 






Into, prep. 


Pagatigu... 


Mkati m... 


Intoxicated, to be, v. 


Dagwa. 


KOGWA. 


see " Drunk." 






Intrude, v. 


Ngena. Qala. 
Hlasela. 


PiNDA MKATI. 


Invade, v. 


Shambira. Baya. 


Invalid, n. 


gulayo. 


MU-GWERE. 


Invent, v. 




Rumba. 


Invite, V. 


Biza. 


Dana. 


Iron, n. 


In-simbi. 


I-DARI. 


Iron -ore, n. 


Amatje ensimbi. 


I-MANGURA. 
I-HONA. 


Irrigate, v. 


Natisa. 


Mnwisa. 

DiRIDZA. 


Irritable, adj. 


Lolaka. 


Nehasha. 


Irritate, v. 


Huga. 


KWEZA. 


see " Tease." 






Island, n. 


Isi-hlelii. 


I-TJIWI. 


Itch, V. 


Luma. 


RUMA. 


„ n. (Scabies). 


Im-puza. 


I-MEZI. 
I-MIZT. 


Ivorj^, n. 


U-pondo Iwenkubu. 


RU-NYANGA GWEZHO- 

wu. 



Jac 



( 93 ) 



Eee 





J 




ENGLISH. 


TKBBLE. 


8HDNA. 


Jackal, n 


I-kanka {U-via). 


MU-NGUGWE. 


„ silver. 


U-nea (»m-6a). 


I-OAVA. 


Jacket, n. 


I-batje. 
Isi-qogo. 


I-HANZU. 


Jar, n. 


Isi-ja. 


Tji-dya. 


see also '* Pot." 


U-diwo [lu-zi). 


Tji-rongo. 


Jaw, 11. 


Um-hlati. 


RU-SHAYA. 


Jelly, n. 


I-tegetege. 




„ V. hit 


Nquma. 


GWAMBA. 


Jerk, r. fr. 


Juqula. 


Agura. 


Join, r. tr. 


Hlananisa. 


Shangaxidza. 
Pfubianidza. 


Joint, /{. 


I-lufia {li-ma). 


Pa ka s(h)angana. 
( = where joins...) 


Joke, V. 


Soma. Dhlana. 


Tamba. Dzana. 
Ita jeye. 


Jolt, r. int. 


Eqa. 


Aguka. Tjuruga. 


Journey, n. 


In-dhlela. 


N-ZHIRA. 




Ugn-hamba. 


GW-ENDA. 


Joy, n. 


Ugu-jabula. 


GU-BIMBIRA. 




Ugu-taba. 


GU-BOGA. 




Ugu-togoza. 


GU-FARA. 
GU-TENDA. 


Judge, V. 


Tonisa indaba. 


Taura NAWU. 
Tonga imaka. 


Jump, V. 


Eqa. 


Aguga. 
Tjuruga. 


„ down, r. 


Eqela pansi. 


DZITIGA. 


Junction, ;*. 


In-hlafiano. 


I -S HANG A NO. 
I-MARARANO. 


Just, to be, V. 


Lufia. 


RURAMA. 


„ adv. 


Nje. 


Tjetb. 


„ now, adr. 


Sandu. 


Tjanou. Znvangu. 

ZWINU. 


„ so, adv. 


Nankoge. 


Ezo(gb). 



Karoes, n. 
Keen, adj. 



K 

I-zaba {li-ma), 
Bnkali. 



I -DA BUN a (ri-ma). 

PlNZA, V. 



£ee 



( 94 ) 



Kne 



KNQLTSU. 


TEBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Keep (hold), v. 


Bamba. 


Bata. 


„ (preserve). 


Londoloza. 


Tjengeta. 


„ (support with Ondiila. 


Rera. 


food). 






„ (animals). 


Fuya. 


Pfuwa. 


Keeper, n. 


Um-londolozi. 


M-TJENGETI. 


Kernel (of a nut), n. 


Um-bumbulusa. 




Key, n. 


Isi-vulo. 




Kick (of men), v. tr. 


Kahlela. 


Pfura. 


„ (of oxen, etc.). 


Kaba. 




Kid, n. 


Li-zinyane. 


M-budzana. 


Kidney, n. 


In-so. 


I-so. 


Kill, V. 


Bulala. 


BURAYA. 


„ many. 


Huma ugu bulala. 




„ (slaughter as a 


, Govuza. 




butcher). 


Hlaba. 


Baya. 


Killed, to be, v. 


Bulawa (hence 


BURAIWA. 




u Bulawayo=tlie Baywa. 




killed one). 






Hlajwa. 




Kind, adj. 


Lomusa. 


NOMTJENA. NOM- 
KOWA. NOMBUYA. 


„ n. 


U-hlobo {lu-zi). 


RU-DZI. 


Kindle, v., «ee "Fire.' 


'Basa. 


Besa. 


Kindness, n. 


Umu-sa. 


M-KOWA {mii-mi). 

RU-DZIBO. M-BUYA. 
GU-DISA. 


Kindred, n. 


Aba-zalwana. 


Ba-zwarana. 


King, n. 


In-kosi {pi. ama- 
kosi). 


She (mu-ba). 


Kingdom, n. 


Um-buso. 


Ru-gare. 


Kinsman, n. 


Isi-nini. 


I-HAMA. 


see " Eelation." 






Kiss, V. 


Anga. 


Rum A. 


Kite, «ee" Hawk." 






Klipspringer, 7i. 


I-goka (li-ma). 


N-GULUTU. 


Kloof, n. 


Um-hotja. 


RU-KORONGA. 


Knead, v. 


Cuba. 


Vanga. Kanya. 


Knee, n. 


I-dolo {li-ma). 


I-Bvi {ri-ma). 


„ -cap. 


Ili-vi. 




„ -halter, v. tr. 


Bopa. 


Sung A. 


Kneel, v. intr. 


Guqa fiamadolo. 
Guqela amadolo. 


Pfugama namabvi. 



Kni 



( 95 ) 



Lam 



EMGL18U. 

Knife, ii. 
Knit, V. 

„ brows. 
Knob, 11. 

„ -kerry, n. 
Knock, V. 

„ down. 
Knot (in wood), n. 

„ (in thread). 
Know, V. 
„ well. 

Known, to make v. 
Knowledge, n. 

Koodoo, 11. 

Kraal (town), n. 
„ outer fence of. 

,. for cattle. 
„ „ goats, etc. 



In-qamu. 

Aluga. 

Hwaqa. Tjwaqa. 

Isi-hlogo. 

In-duku. 

Qoqota. (Xoqa. 

Wisa. 

I-guzo {ll-ma). 

I-qwala {li-ma), 

I-nndo {li-ma). 

Azi. 

Azisisa. 

aeda. 

Azisa. 

Ugw-azi. 

Im-palapala. 

Uinu-zi. 

U-tano ilu-zi). 

Isi-baya. 
Isi-lugn. 
Isi-bayana. 



8HUMA. 

I-PANGA (ri-wia). 

RUCIA. 

TSAMNRA. SiNAMA. 

TjI-MSORO. 

I-swiMBO, see "Slick." 

gogodza. gudza. 

Riga. 

I-BUNDU (ri-nia). 

I-PFUNDO {ri-ma). 

DZIBA. 

Dzibisisa. 
Pedza. 
dzibisa. koka, 

GU-DZIBA. 

I-NORO. 

MU-SHA. 

RU-MANDA. 

RU-ZHOVVA. 

I-DANGA {ri-ma). 

I-DANGA. 

I-GORE {ri-ma). 



Labour, n. 




Um-sebenzi. 


MU-RIMO. 






Um-beleko. 


I-BASA {ri-ma). 


„ V. 




Beleka. 








Sebenza. 


Shinga. 


(in birth), i 


. Beleta. Zala. 


ZWARA. 


Labourer, 


n. 


Um-beleki. Isi-beleki. 


Lack, r. 




Swela. 


Shaya. 


Lad, «. 




Um-fana. 


M-KOMANA. 
M-LISANA. 


Ladder, n. 




Ama-kwelo. 


I-PANDA {ri-ma). 


Ladle, r. 




Ka. 


Tp^iA. Tjera. 


„ n. 




In-debe. 


M-KOMBB. 






In-kezo. 


Rl-<iWAKO. 


Lake, n. 




I-cibi i li-ma). 


I-GAWA {ri-ma). 


see also 


"Pond." 






Lamb, n. 




Li-zinyane lemvu. 


M-BITDZA\A YKHWAI 


Laroe, be, 


V. tut. 


aula. 


Kamina. 



Lam 



( 90 ) 



Lea 



ENQLISH. 

Lament, v. 
Lamp, n. 

Lance, v. 

Land, n. 

see also " Earth." 
Language, ii. 
Languid, adj. 
Lap (of a dog), v. 

Large, adj. 
Larynx, n. 

Last (endure), v. 
„ adj. 



TEBELE. 8HUNA. 

Tjema. Rika. 
Mw-ENJE {mu-mi). 



Kala. Lila. 

Isi-banego. 

Isi-bane. 

Hlahla. Poboza. 

Qumbusela. 

Ili-zwe (jpl. izizwe). In-yiga. 



Tema. Pubura. 



Late, adj. 
Lath, n. 
Lather, n. 

„ V. int. 
Laugh, V. 
Law, n. 

„ to keep, V. 
„ to break, v. 
Lay down, v. tr. 
« » flat. 
„ eggs, V. 

„ waste. Cita. 

„ hold of. Bamba. 

Lazy person, n. Li-vila. 

*-ee" Idle," "Dawdle." 

Lead, v. tr. Hola. Tonsa. 

„ astray. Tuhisa. 

» w. Um-kamu. 

Leader, n. In-duna. 

„ of a wagon. Um-holeli. 



Ul-imi {lu-zi), 

Butagataga. 

Capa. 

Xapa. 

Kulu. 

I-qoqoqo (li-ma). 

Hlala. 

...peliyoe.^.umuntu 

opeliyo = the last 

man. 
Puza, V. 
In-tando. 
I-gwebu (li-ma). 
Pupuma igwebu. 
Hlega. Bibitega. 
Um-layo. 
Vuma umlayo. 
Eqa umlayo. 
Bega pansi. 
Lalisa pansi. 
Zalela amaqanda. 



Leaf, n. 

see " Put forth.' 
Leak, v. 
Lean, see " Thin." 



I-hlamvu (li-ma). 
I-kasi (li-ma). 
Vuza. 



RU-RIMI. 

Nyohonyoro. 

Kapa. 

Kaswa. 

KURU. 

I-GURUGURu (ri-ma). 
Gara. 

DZIBO. 

MUNU MUDZIBO. 

NONOGA, V. 

M-bariro. 
I-PFURU (ri-ma). 

SiGA IPFURU. 

Sega. 

M-RAYIRO. TjI-REBO. 

Tendera m-rayiro. 

TjURUGA M-RAYIRO. 
BiGA PASI. 
IsA PASI. 
ZWARA MAZAI. 
KaNDIRA MAZAI. 

Paradza. 

Bata. 

I-siMBE (ri-ma). 

KWEBA. KaKATA. 

Easha. 

M-TOBVU (?) mu-mi. 

She. M-kuru. 

m-kwebbri. 

M-kakati. 

I-SHiZHA (ri-ma). 

BVINZA. 



Lea 



( 97 ) 



Lid 



KNGI.I8H. 



TEBELE. 



Lean against, v. itit. Eyama. 



Leap, V 

„ as a " brave 
Learn, v. 
Leather, n. 
Leave (quit), t 



hit. 



£qa. 

Giya. 

Funda. 

U-zwezwe {lu-zi). 

Puma. Tuta. 



„ (abandon),!;. ^?*. Tjiya. 
Yegela. 



„ off, V. tr 
Leaven, n. 



Leech, n. 
Left, adj. 

„ out, to be, V, 
Leg, w. 



„ below knee, n. 
Lend, r. tr. 
Length, n. 
Leopard, n. 



Isi-biliso. 

Imi-tombo. 

Um-vubelo. 



Um-zogo. 

$^asekohlo. 

Nenxele = to the left. 

Sala. 

Um-lenzi. 



Um-bala. 

Bolega. 

Ubu-de. 

In-gwe. 

Li-hwanqana. 

Isi-diliga. 

Ncipa. 

Ncipisa. 

Vumela. 

Fumisa. 

Yegela. 

Ngenisa. 

Ehlisa. 

U-gwalo {lu-zi). 



Leprosj', n. 

Less, to become, v. int. 

lessen, V. tr. 

Let (permit), v. 

,, out. 

„ go, or alone. 

„ in. 

„ down. 
Letter, n. 

Level, adj., see " Flat." 
Levy, r., see "Raise troops." 
Liar, n. I-helehele {li-ma). 

U lamanga— he is 
(or thou art) a liar 
= {1it. he with lies). 
Liberate, v. tr. Eulula. 

Lick, V. Kota. 

Lid (of a pot, etc.), n. Isi-sibegelo. 



8HDNA. 

Sendama. 

Tjuruoa. Aguka. 
Pembera. 
Dzidza. 

RU-ANDA. 

Bi'DA. Tama. 

SlYA. 

Regedza. Rega. 
Tji-riba. BU-DIRO. 
I-tsime. M-bidzo. 

Mr-MERA. 

I-TSi PiTi (a V3ry small 
quantity). 

N-DIMANSWIPILI. 
BOHWE. MOHWB. 
NORUMOHWE. 
TSARA. 

Tji-dhla. Tji-dzwa. 
I-GUMBO (ri-wwj)=leg 

and foot. 
M-PiMBiRA {mu-mi). 
Pa. 

burefu. gu-reba. 
In-gwe. 

M-BADA. 

Shoma. Swiba. 
Shomanisa. 

BV I'M IRA. 

budidza. buridza. 
Regedza. 

PiNZA. 

BURUTSA. 

RU-GWARO. 



U NONYEPO. 

U N EN EM A. 

U NEMAGUHWA. 

Sl'NUScJURA. 

Nanzwa. Namza. 
Tji-funigo. 

H 



Lie 



( 98 



Lin 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. 

Lie down (to rest), Cambalala. 
V. int. 
„ down (to sleep). 
„ ^ „ sprawling 
„ in wait for, v. tr 



(deceive), v. 



Lies, n. 



Life, n. 
Lift, V. tr. 
Ligament, n. 



Lala. 

Enaba. 

Lalela. 

Clapela. 

Qamba. 

Qamba amanga. 

Euluma amanga. 

Heleza. 

Ama-nga. 

Ama-yamaya. 

Ugu-sila. 

Pngula. Pagamisa. 

Um-sipa. 



Light, n. Ugu-kanya. 

„ (give light), V. Kanyisa, e.g. '^i kan 
yiselage = please 
give me light = 

„ (a candle), v. tr. Lumatisa. 



„ a fire. 

„ (not heavy), 
adj. 

Lighten (of lightn- 
ing), V. 

.Lightning, n. 

Like, to be, v. 

„ V. 

„ adv. 
Likeness, n. 
Limb (of the human 

body), n. 
Lime, n. 
Limit, n. 
Limp, adj. 
Line (string), n. 

„ (a mark). 



Basa umlilo. 
Lula. 

Banega. Fazima. 

Um-bane. 

Inyoni yezulu. 

Fana. Fanana. 

Tanda. 

Njefia. 

Um-fanegiso. 

Isi-to. 

I-kalake. 

Um-kaulo. 

Butagataga. 

In-tambo. 

Umu-dwa. 



Bada. 

KWEZERA. 

Tandabara. 

Bandira. 

Terera. 

Nyepa. 

Eebenema. 

GUHWA. 

Ma-rota. 
I-GUHWA {ri-ma). 
I-NEMA {ri'tnd). 
gu-pona. ru-penyu. 
Miridza. Simudza. 
I-GADHLAMPU {ri-ma). 
I-GANYU {ri-ma). 

RU-TSINGA. 
GU-TJENA. 
TjENISA. MUNIGA. 

Venega. 
Ndi tjenise. 
Nangatidza. 
tungidza. 
Besa moto. 
Reru. 
Reruga, v. 
Venega. Baima. 
Penya. 

M-VENEGO. 
TjI-VBNEGO. 

Fana. Fanana. 
Da. 

Sb. 

Tji-to. 

I-SUKO. 

M-GANu {mu-mi). 
Nyoronyoro. 
M-SUNGO {mu-mi). 
M-TSETSE {mu-mi). 
M-pfenyugwa 
{mu-mi). 



Lin 



( 99 ) 



Loo 



SKOLI8R. 


TEBKLE. 


8HUHA. 


Line of people on 


I-hele {li-ma). 


RU-SALA. 


the march. 


Lu-dwendwe. 


MU-DUXGWE. 


„ „ facing. 


Lu-hlu. 


RU-NDA. 


„ to stand in, v. 


aela. 

Eliza uluhln. 


Ita RUNDA. 


Linger, v. 


Libala. 


Fara. 


Lion, n. 


Isi-lwana. 


i-mondoro. 
I-shumba. 


Lip, n. 


In-debe. 
In kamanzi. 


M-ROMO {rnumi). 


Listen, v. 


Lalela. 


Hwirira. 




" Bolega indhlebe." 


Terera. 


Little, (ulj. 


Ncinyane. 


Dukwana. 


Live, V. inf. 


Sila. 


PONA. 


see al4(o " DwelL" 


Zwa. 


HWA. NSKWA. 
NSWA. 


Liver, n. 


Isi-bindi. 


Tji-ropa. 


Lizard (common), n. 


Um-bankwa. 


M-swiNi {mu-mi). 
I-TJWiNYA {ri-ma). 


Load (a gun), v. tr. 


Gava. 


Paga. 


„ (a burden), n. 


Um twalo. 


M-SENGWA {mu-mi). 


"Loaf "about, r. 


Baca. Panza. 






Isi-nkwa. 


Tji-tjamha. 


Loathe (food), v. 


Kauza ugudhla. 


"MOYO U NO MIRA 
OUDYA." 


Lock (of a gun;, iu 


Ubu-doda. 


I-BAVA (ri-TTia). 




Um-hlati. 


BU-KADZI. 


„ (of a door). 


Insimbi yoguvala. 




„ (a door), v. 


Insimbi yoguqinisa, 

Kinatela. Kopela. Sunoira. Pfmga. 




Qinisa. 


PiRINGIDZA. 


Locust, V. 


In-tete. 


I-MASHU. 


Log,n. 


U-ffodo {lu-zi). 
U-kuni {lu-zi). 


1-DANDA (ri-ma). 






Loin (human), n. 


U-kalo {lu'zi). 


Tji-bunu. 


Loiter, r. 


Libala. 


Fara, 


see '' Dawdle." 






Loneliness, n. 


Isi-zuftu. 




Ijonely, (ulj. 


Lesizuiia. 


SlIURIGIRWA. 


Long, adj. 


De. 


Rbfu. Rbba, V, 


„ ago, adv. 


Kade. Ekadeni. 


Karekare. Ntoro. 


Look, V. 


Bona. Ka&eia. 


Bi)NA. Tarira. 


«ee "Stare." 







Loo 



( 100 ) 



Low 



ENGLISH. 


TEUELE. 


SIIUNA. 


Look at (examine). 


, V. Qaza. 


Tarisa. 
Nanoanidza. 


„ a distant ob- Holela. Sifia. 


KWEBERA. PeNA. 


ject, V. 






„ carefully all Cifia. 


Tsaga. 


round, v. 




Look for, v.^ see "Search." 




,, out, v., see " '. 


Beware." 




Looking-glass, n. 


Isi-bonebone. 


I-RiNGiRiRO (ri-ma). 


Loop, n. 


In-kintjo. 


M-SUN(}0 {mn-mi). 




Isi-hitjelo. 


I-HWE {ri-ma). 


Looped, to be (like 


a Nxebana. 


KOREGANA. 


chain), v. 




PiNGANA. 


Loose, to be, v. (not Xega. 


DZUNGA. 


tight). 




sununguga. 
Nganuga. 


Loosen, v. act. 


Kumula. 


Nganugisa. 




Kulula. 


SUNUNGURA. 




Tugulula. 

I-nkosi (2)1. Ama- 

kosi). 
Lahla. 


Shugura. Shomora. 


Lord, n. 


• She. 


Lose, V. act. 


Rasha. 


Lost, to be, V. int. 


Lahlega. 


Rashiga. Tayiga. 


„ (" clean gone "). Nyamalala. 


DZIMIGWA. ShAYIGA. 


Loud, adj. 


Lomsindo. 


Nezhoba. Noruzha. 
Netjiya. Nemere. 




Zwagala, v. 


HWIGA, V. 


Louse, n. 


In-twala. 


I-NDA. 


Love, V. 


Tanda. 


Da. 


Low, adj., see " Short," " Small." 




Low-spirited, to be, 


^•^f^^Mintheper- 
Pela ( ^®^* tense. 


Paruga. 

SwiBA. 




" A fii lasiga." 


" A NDI NOMOYO." 




" A fii lanhliziyo." 




Low (of cattle), v. 


Kala. 


RlRA. 




£alima. 


KUMA. 


Lower, v. act. 


Ehlisa. 


BURUGISA. 
BURIJTSA. 


„ of the sky. 


Pehla imvula. 


Senga. Simudza. 




Pehla izulu. 


SiGA. 




Twala izulu. 


MaKORI a no BURIJT- 
SA. 



Luc 



( 101 ) 



Man 



KNGHSH. 

Luck, good, n. 



bad, n. 



Lugt'age, n. 

Lull to sleep, r. 
Lumbar regions, n. 



TEBELE. 

In-hlanhla. 
Ln-nyanya. 
"i^iledhlozi." 
Inhlanhla imbi. 
Lu-nyanya lubi. 
" A iii ladhlozi." 
Ini-pahla. 
In-tuntu. 
Lalisa. 
I-qolo {U-ma). 



Luminous, adj. Kanya, v. 

Lump (of earth), n. I-gade {U-ma), 

Lung, n. .I-papu {If -ma). 

„ sickness, n. In-dalimane. 
Luxuriant (of vege- Ena, v. 

tat ion), adj. 

livnx, red, n. In-twane. 



8UUNA. 

I-MANZHA {ri-ma). 

" Ndi nbmdzimu." 
Manziia ra ka ipa. 

" a ndi nemdzimu." 

I-NL'MHE. 
ZWI-NIT. 

Badisa. 
M-SANA {mu-m,i). 

TjI-BUNU. 
TjBNA, V. 

I-viNOA {ri-ma). 
I-BAPU (rt-ma). 

N-00\DA. I-TIRIMANE. 
MUNDHWA, V. 

I-T8WANB (ri-ma). 



Mail, to ]to, V. 
MailiK's^, n. 
M;i<lman, ;/. 
Muu'k'Ot, w. 
Magic, to work, 
Maiden, ti. 



M 

Hlanya. 
Ubu-hlanya. 
U-hlanya {lu-zi). 
Im-petu. 
Loya. Tagata. 
In-tombi. 



^^aize, see ** Mealies." 
Nfake, v. Enza. 

Male (of beasts), n. In-duna. 
In-kunzi. 

„ (of birds). I-qude (U-ma). 

Malign, see *' Slander." 
Mallet (for shields), w. Um-kandu. 
^^f^U, ft. Imi-tombo. 

Man, 71. Indoda ( jd. 

doda). 
„ young. In-sizwa. 

Li-jahha. 
.. old. Li-xegu. 



ama- 



Penga. 

I-PENdO. 

I-BENZi (ri-ma). 

I-HOXYB. 

ROWA. 

1-MANI)ARA. 

Um-sioana. 
Ita. 

N-nilMB. M-KURU. 

I-handira. M-koxo. 

i-honik)kwb. 

I-ki:kurumb. 



Br-Diro. 

M-RUM . 
N-ZUMA. 

I-8(K}ana (ri-tna). 

I-HARABIIA. M-TAXA. 



Man 



( 102 ) 



Mea 



ENGLISH. ' TEBELE. 


8HUNA. 


Manage (an affair), v. Pata. 


Bat A. 


Mane, n. Um-hlofia. 


M-ZZEE.(/?Z. mazeze). 


Mange, n. Isi-kwekwe. 


RU-KUNDU. 


Manger, n. Lu-gwembe Iwo-gu- 


N-DIRO YOGUDYIRA. 


dhlela. 


M-Tjo(;OTjA (mu-mi). 


Manner, n. Um-kubo. 


Mu-KO. 


see " Custom." 




„ (behaviour). Ugu-hamba. 


GU-FAMBA. 


Ugu-hlala. 


GU-GARA. 


Ugu-ma. Ugw-enza 


,. GU-MIRA. GU-ENDA. 


Many, a(Jj. ...nefii. 


...ZHINZHI. 


„ times, adv. Kanefii. 


Kazhinzhi. 


March, V. Hamba. 


Famba. Enda. 


Mark, v. Bega upau. 


Ita mutsetsb. 


Enza upau. 


Tara mutsetse. 


„ the face with Siga inhlana. 


Tema nyora. 


tribal marks, ^^ 




„ the face with Coba ubuso. 


DZORA MAZHA. 


clay. 




„ out (as a site Dweba. Clondula. 


Tara. 


for a house). 




„ n. Um-dwebelo. 


MU-TSETSE. 


„ (sign). Upau (hi-zi) 




Marks, to make (as Xatula. 


Tjundunyura. 


on clay pots), v. 




Marrow, n. Um-kantjo. 


M-ONGO (mu-mt). 


Marry (of a man), v. ir.Tata. 


Wana mkadzi. 




TORA MGUMBO *) ^ ai 




TiZISA MGUMBO [-^ X 




BatA MGUMBO ) o * 


„ (of a woman). Enda. 


Enda gu mrumi. **" 


Marsh, n., see "Bog." 




Master, n. In-kosi. 


She (mu-ba). 


U-baba. 


Dade {mu-ba). 




M-RiDZi {mu-ba). 


Mat, n. I-cansi {li-ma). 


I-BONDE {ri-ma). 


Isi-tebe (eating mat) 


. RU-GUGWE. I-NOBO. 




Ru-PASA. Ru-sazara. 


„ to make, v, Aluga icansi. 


Ruga ibondb. 


Matter (affair), n. In-daba. Um-Iandu. I-maka. I-moswa. 


also see " Pus." 




lAe.pron. '^i. Mina. 


Ndi. Imi. 


Meal (of corn), n. Im-pupu. 


BU-PFU. 


see " Food." 





Mea 



( 103 ) 



Mes 



KHOL18H. 


TRBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Mt alies, n. 


Umn-mbu. 


Tji-bakwb. 


„ old. 


Ama-gwadhla. 


Tji-manga (?) 


„ flower of. 


Um-nyane. 


M-ZARARA (mu-mi), 

I-HUNYA. 
M-TJEGETJERA 

(niu-mi). 


„ cob of. 


Isi-qu. 


I-GONE (rt-ma). 
Tji-guri. I-gurinwa. 


Mean, adj. 


Ncitjana, v. 


Nyima, v. 


V. 


Ti,c.i/.Utmi=What Ti. Di. Ni. 




do you mean ? = 


U NO DII ( = DINl). 


Measles, n. 


Isi-muftumufiwana. N-dinindi. 






Mu-KA imu-mi). 


Measure, v. tr. 


Linanisa. 


Edzanisa. 


„ n. 


Isi-linaniso. 


Tji-ridzaniso. 


Meat,n. 


I-nyama. 


I-Nyama. 


„ "dead." 


I-ncuba. 


I-Nyama. 


Mediate, see " Conciliate." 




Medicine, n. 


Umu-ti. 


MU-TI. Mu-RIMO. 

M-SHONGA {mu-mi). 


„ to give, r. 


Elapa. 


Rapa. 


Meditate, 


Nagana. 


Pfunoa. 


see '* Consider." 






Meek, M^j. 


Tamba, v. 


Nyara, i\ 




Cum a, V. 


Nyoroba, v. 




Butagataga, atlj. 


Nyoronyoro, adj. 


Meet, V. tr. 


Hlanana. 


Shangana. 


„ go to. 


Hla&abeza. 


Shaxganidzana. 
Tjingurira. 


Melon, n. 


I-kabe (11 ma). 


MnW IWA. 


Melt, V. int. 


Ncibiliga. 


NUNA. 


„ V. tr. 


Ncibiligisa. 


NUNISA. 


Mend, v. tr. 


Lu&isa. 


Gadzira. Natsfdza. 
ruramidza. 


Merciful, adj. 


Lomusa. 


Nemkowa. 


see " Kind." 






M»?rciless, adj. 


Lolunya. 


Negodo. 


Mercy, w.. 


Umu-sa. 


M-KOWA. 


see " Kindness." 






Merry, to be, r. 


Jabula. 


BiMBA. " MOYO WAKl 




Etaba. Taba. 


MTJKVA." 


Message, fi. 


Ili-zwi. 


I-DAMA (rf-tWrt). 




U-daba (lu-zi). 


MA-snoKO. 



Mes 



( 104 ) 



Mis 



ENGLISH. TEBfiH 

Messenger, n. Isi-tunywa. 

Isi-kitjimi. 
Mew, V. Kala. 

Mid-day, n. Imi-ni. 

Middle, adj. Pagati, prep. 

Mild, adj.^ see " Meek." 



Mildew, n. 
Milk, n. 

„ sour-. 

„ butter-. 

„ (biestings). 



Imi-tombo. 

Lu-cag[0. 

Ama-si. 

Um-pobe. 

Um-tubi. 



,, V. Sefia. 

„ into the mouth. Tleza. 
„ give (of cows). Ehlisa. 
Milking- vessel, n. I-tuna {li-ma). 



Milky-way, the, n. 
Mill (grinding), n. 
„ small hand- 
stone of. 
Millipede, n. 



Um-tala. 
Ili-tje logusila. 
Um-poboto. 

I-tjonololo. 



BHUNA. 
MU-TUMNWE. 

RlRA. TjEMA. 

Masigati. 
Mkati, pi^ep. 

M-ROBB. 

M-kaka (mu-mi). 
Mkaka mgobvu. 

M-RIRI. 

Ma-honya. 

I-DOMNWE. 

Kama. 
Mnra. 

BURUTSA. SiSISA. 

I-HWEDZA {ri-ma). 

N-DIRO. 

GW-IYO. 
Hw-IYO. 



Mimic, V. Linisa. 

Mimosa, varieties of, Uin-pafa {mu-mi). 
n. Um-kaya (mu-mi). 

Um-kamanzi {mu 

mi). 

Umu-nga (mu-mi). Mu-unga (mu-mi). 
Isi-nga. 
Mine, n. Um-lindi. 



I-ZHONGORORO 

(ri-ma). 
Edzeseua. 
M-TjETjENE (mtt-mi). 
M-FUMiRA (mu-mi). 
M-KAMBA (mu-mi). 



Mine, pron. 

Mingle, v. 
Mirage, n. 



...ami. 

Hlafianisa. 

Ama-jakalatji. 



Mischievous, adj. Gaiia, 



Mislead, v. act. 

see also " Deceive. 
Misrepresent, v. tr. 



Pambugisa. 

Tuhisa. 

Ceba. Hlanegela. 



Mnw-ina (mu-mi). 
I-GOMBA (ri-ma). 

...ANGU. 

Shanganisa. 

I-DZANGARADZIMU 

(ri-ma). 

BiRIMA, V. PaTA, v. 

Shinwa, v. 
Tap AT A, V. 
Pambura. 
tsaugisa. 
Tjeta. Piniga. 
Shandigira. 



Mis 



( 105 ) 



M08 



I 



KNOLI8H. 


TEBEI.R. 


8UUNA. 


Miss aim, v. int. 


Knta. 


POYA. 


„ fire. 


Kuta. 


Pfusa. Poya. 


„ the way. 


Tuba. 


POYA. TSABUGA. 




Lahlega. 


Rashiga. 


Missionary, 7^. 


Um-fundisi (mu-ba). I-dzidzisi (rt-ma). 


Mist, n. 


U-fasimbe {lu-zi). 


I-BUTE (rt-ma). 


„ of morning. 


In-kunu. 


I-BirTB. 


Mistake, v. 


Pambe^a. 


Kangana. 


Mistress, n. 


U-missisi. 
In-ko8ikazi. 




Mix, V. act. 


Hlananisa. 


SlIAJ^GANIDZA. 




Pitigeza. Vuba. 


Vang A. 


Moan, V. 


Bubula. 


GOMERA. 


Mock, V. 


Hlega. Linisa. 


Sega. 


Model, V. act. 


Bumba. 


Bada. 


Modest, Off J. 


Cuma, r. 


Nyoro. 


Moist, adj. 


Mauzi. 


Nyoro. 


Mole, n. 


Im-vuguzana. 
Um-vuguzi. 


I-NUTA. 


Molest, V. 


Duba. 


DZIDZA. 


gee also " Annoy.' 






Money, «. 


I-mali. 


N-DARAMA. 

I-TjERE(iK (ri-ma) 
I-HABU (ri-ma). 


Monkey, n. 


In-kau. 


I-8HOKO. 


cf. " Baboon." 






Monkey-nuts, see "Nuts." 




Month, n. 


I-nyafia. 


MSw-EDZi (mu-mi). 


Moon, n. 


I-nyana. 


MSW-EDZI. 


„ change of, r. 


Twasa. 


Gara. 


„ „ before Kula. 


KURA. 


full. 






„ change, after 


Hlepuga. 


Edzegwa. 


full. 


Selwa. 


MSrauga. 


„ to be full. 


Dili&ana. 


BlTRUNOANA. 

Gadzioana. 
Tjena kuru. 


Morass «fe" Bog." 






Llloming, n. 


On-sasa. 


Ma NG WAN A. 


i „ very early 


. U-vivi (/J/-2I). 


MAMiWANAXA. 


Bf ort«r, n. 


U-daga (lu-zi). 


I-DOPE (ri-ma). 


H»quito, n. 


Imi-yane. 


MW-IYB. 


r 


Ubu-yane. 


BlI-NYrNYU. 



Mot 



( 106 ) 



Mj 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


8HUNA. 


Moth, n. 


I-nondo. 


T.TI-WUNDUDZI. 


Mother, my, n. 


U-mama (;>/. oma- 
ma). 


Mai wangu. 


thy. 


U-iiyoko(7>^.oiiyoko).MAi wako. 


„ his, her. 


U-nina {pi. onina). 


Mai wake. 


Mould, see " Earth," 


'•Mildew.^' 




„ V. 


Bumba. 


Bada. 


Moult, V. 

Mound, see " Heap," 


Hluba. 


GUBURA. 


"Hill." 




Mountain, n. 


In-taba. 


I-GOMO. 


Mourn, v. 


Kala. Lila. 


Tjema. Kira. 


Mouse, n. 


U-ntswebe {j)l. onts- 
webe). 


■ M-BEBA. 


Mouth, n. 


Um-lomo. 


M-ROMO {mu-mi). 


,, to open, V. 


Kamisa umlomo. 


Shama mromo. 


Move, V. tr. 


Susa. 


BVISA. 


„ house. 


Tuta. 


Tama. 


„ farther. 


Gwedhla. 


BVA. 


„ on. 


Xega. 


Sedera eko. 


Mow, V. 


Siga. 


Tjega. Kuma. 


Much, adj. 


...nefii. 


...ZHINZHI. 


„ adv. 


Kakulu. 


GWAZO. 


11 


Verbin"isa." 


Verb in " iSA." 


Mucus (from nos- 


Ama-kovula. 


I-BBMBO. 


trils), n. 




Ma-dzibha. 


see " Expectoration." 




Mud, n. 


Um-daga {mu-mi). 


I-DOPE. 


Mule, n. 


Im-bonolo. 


M-BIZI. 


Murder, v., see " Kill." 




Muscle, n. 


I-nyama. 


I-NYAMA. 


Mushroom (edible), n. I-kbwa {li-ma). 


Bhowa (Bu-uwa). 






HwowA (Hu-uwa). 


Music, instruments U-siba {lu-zi). 


EU-NENGA. 


of, n. 


Um-hlafia. 


RU-TSANGA. 




I-cacu {li-ma). 


N-DIMHA. 




Im-bila. 


Ma-rimba. 


Must not, V. 


Musa. 


NASA. Reg A. 


Mustache, n. 


In-devu. 


N-DEBVU. 


Muzzle (of a gun), n 


I. Um-lomo. 


M-ROMO {mu-mi). 




Li-kala. 


I-shamira {ri-ma). 


My, pron. 


...ami. 


...ANGU. 


„ place. 


Giti. 


GWEDU. 


„ people. 


Bagiti. 


Bagwedu. 

"Ba KANYE GWEDU." 



Nai 



( 107 ) 



Nee 



N 



IHOLI8H. 

Nail (or peg), u. 

„ (of linger). 

„ V. tr. 
Naked, afij. 



Isi-konkwane. 

U-zipo {lu-zi). 

Betela. 

Ze, particle affixed to 
verb, as u ham- 
baze = he goes 
naked = he is 
naked. 

NquniL 



see also "Strip Naked." 
Name, n. I-bizo (li-ma). 

„ r. tr. ( = give Biza. 
a name to). Ta. 
Nape of neck, n. Isi-nyonkolo. 



Narrate, v. 
Narrow, adj. 

Nation, n. 

Nauseate, v. 



Isi-jifio. 
Landisa. Tjela. 
Ncinyane. 
Minyana, v. 
Isi-zwe. 
U-hlobo {h(-zn. 
Eauza. Nenga. 



Nave (of a wheel), n. Isi-dindi. 
Navel, n. In-kaba. 



Near, adj. 
Nearly, (xdv. 



Neat, nclj. 
Neck. n. 



Eduze. Ednzana. 

Posa, as an aux- 
iliary verb, e.a. 
'Sa. posa lia ia=I 
nearly died. 

Hie. 

In-tamo. 



SHUNA. 
I-HOKO. 
RU-NZARA. 
ROBERA. 
N(JU, HONGO, NGO. 

Prefixes to prin- 
ciple verb, e.g. U 

NO NGl'FAMBA = hs 

is naked. 

NOANU. 

Mbudhlu, adv., fol- 
lowing verb ENDA, 

e.g. U NO ENDA 
MBUDHLU. 

Shugusha. 
I-ziTA (ri-ma). 

TUMIRA. 

I-GOTSE (ri-ma), 

BUDZA MA8HOKO. 
DUKWANE. 

Manikana, V. 

I-NYIGA. 
RU-DZI. 

MiRA, e.g. Shadza ra 

KA IPA, MOYO WAN- 
GU U NO MIRA = 

the porridge is bad, 
I am nauseated. 

TjI-NGOMA. 
I-OUVU. 

Pbdyu. Pafupi. 
Panupanu. 
Kanga, as an aux- 
iliary verb. 
Nda kanoa nda fa. 

Naka, v. 
M-TsiPA {mu-mi). 



Nee 



( 108 ) 



Nip 



ENGLISH. 

Need, v. tr. 

„ to be in. 
Needle, n. 

Neglect, V. tr. 
Neigh, V. 
Neighbour, n. 
" Nek " (a pass 

amongst hills), n. 
Nervous, adj. 

see '' Agitated." 
Nest, n. 



„ hen's. 
Net, n. 

Nettle, n. 
Never, adj. 



New, adv. 
News, n. 



Swela. 
Sweleg:a. 
U-suiiulu {lu-zi). 

Tjiya. 
Kala. 

Akelana, v. 
U-kalo {lu-zi). 
Um-pata. 
Didega, v. 
Papatega, v. 
I-lalo ili-ma). 
In-dhlu yenyoni. 



Isi-kundhla. 
Ama-mbuli. 

TJm-ffwadi. 

Zana, baiia, as aux- 
iliary verbs, see 
"Notes." 

A fii zafia fii m bone 
= I never saw him. 

Tja. 

In-daba. 

I-pufio (U-ma). 



8HUNA. 

Shaya. 
Shayioa. 

RU-NZHI. 
I-SONO. 

Siya. 
Tjema. 
Bakirana, r. 
M-pata {7)iu-7nt). 

VUNDUGA, V. 

Fa neshungu. 
Tji-ro. 

i-mba yeshiri. 
I-DENDERB {H-ma). 
Bu-TASA (very large 
colony nest). 

I-NYUMBENYIBA 

(hanging nest). 

bu-swaswi. 
Ma-buri. 
Ma-do. 

Go. Nu. As auxiliary 
verbs, see " Notes." 



Next, adv., see " Near." 



Nice, adj. 



Mnandi. 
Gahle. 



Nicely, adv. 

Niche, see "Corner." 

Night, n. Ubu-suku. 

Nine, adj. Ficamnomunye. 

Gu swela munye 
nje. Little finger 
of the right hand 
only down. 

Nipple (of gun), see under " Gun." 



A NDA NU 

BONA. 
TSA. 
I-NAWU. 

Ma-shoko. 
Ma-tama. 



Naka, v. 
BuYANA, adj. 

ZwA KA NAKA. 

BU-SIKTT. 
FUMBAMNWE. 
Gu NO SWIWA 
NWE TJETE. 



NDA KA M 



MUM- 



Nip 



( 100 ) 



Num 



I 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELK. 


SHUMA. 


Nipple, (teat), n. 


Um-bele. 


M-NYATU {77lU-mt). 


No. inf. 


Atjibo). 


GWETB. 


Nobody, n. 


A gn lamuntu = 

there is nohody. 


A PA NOMUNU. 


Nowhere. 


A gu landawo = 

there is no place. 


A PA NA PAPARI. 


Noise, ». 


Um-sindo. 


I-MEREMERB. 
Rr-ZHA. 

I-ZHOBA (ri-via). 


„ to make a, i 


-. Ba&a umsindo. 


Ita meremere. 

TlPA TJIYA. 
TlTlRA TJIYA. 

Ita rv-zha. 


Noisy, adj. 


Lomsindo. 


Netjiya. 

NORUZHA. 

Nemeremere. 
Nezhoba. 


Noon, 71. 


Imi-ni. 


Masigati. 


Noose, see " Loop.' 


•J 




North (? north win 


id).I-nyagata. 


Pamdumbu pezuba. 


Nose, 71. 


Im-pumulo. 
, n. Um-kala. 


Mi-no. 


,, cord in cow's 


GW-AHURI. 


Nostril, n. 


I-kala (Ii-7)w). 


MU-NO. 

Tji-miro. 


Notch, 7'. 


Sip:a. 
n. Isi-keu. 


TjEf;A. Nyora. 


„ (in a knife). 


I-bendi {rt-7na). 


„ (in ears 
cattle). 
Nothing, to have. 


of Upan {lu-zi). 


Ben DA, V. 


A ni laluto = I A ndi nktjiro. 




have nothing. 




„ that is. 


A si Into. 


A ZWI NENU. 
A ZWI NBI. 


there is. 


A gn laluto. 


A GU netjiro. 


Notice, V. 


Bona. 


Bona. 




Nanza. Nanzelela. 


, ZiBlSISA. 


Not so ! 


A manga! 


Inema ! 


Nouri.sh, v. 


Ondhla. 


Rera. 


Now, adv. 


Katesi. 


GUBBNII. GWAZO. 
ZWINO. 


Numb, adj. 


Fa, r. 


Fa, V. 




Ka gu zwa=it is numb. 


Number, n. 


Ubu-nefii. 




Numerous adj. 


...nefti. Gunefii. 


Zhinzhi. 



Nur 



( 110 ) 



Old 



KNGLI8H. TEBK 

Nurse a child, v. tr. Munyisa. 

( = give suck). 
Nurse the sick, v. Londoloza. 
Onga. 



Nuts, ground, n. 
(monkey-nuts). 



Ama-zambane. 



8UUMA. 

Mnwisa. 
Nanganidza. 

KONGA. KiNDA. 

Tjbngeta. 

N-ZUNGU. 



Oath, to swear an, v. Funa. 
Obey, V. Lalela. 

Vumela. 



Object, V. 



Piga. 



Ala. 

Landula. 

Hlanya. 

U-hlanya (lu-zi). 

Zuza. 

In-tuba. 



Obstinate, adj. 

„ person. 
Obtain, v. 
Occasion, n. 

see also "Opportunity." 
Occur, V. Vela. Figa. 

Ocean, n. Ulw-andhle. 

Odour, bad, n. U-hlofu (lu-zi). 

Gu nuga ogubi. 



Odorous, to be, v. 


Nu^a. 


Offal, n. 


Imi-bilini. 




Iz-oso. 




Ezapagati (=e-za- 




pagati). 


Offence, n. 


Um-landn (mu-mi). 


Offend, V. tr. 


Ona. Onisa. 


see also "Annoy." 




Offer, V. 


Niga. 


see also "Sacrifice 


,, 


Officer, n. 


In-duna. 




Um-lisa {mu-ha). 


Often, adv. 


Kanefii. 




Insuku zonke. 


Oil, n. 


Ama-cobo. 


Old, adj. 


Dala. 



Piga. 

HWIRIRA. 
BVUMIRA. 

Terera. 

Eamba. 

Pagana. 

Penga. 

I-BENZi {ri-ma). 

Wana. 

I-suwo {ri-ma). 

BvA. Swiga. 



Gu NO NUHWA GWA 

KA IPA. 
NUHWA. 



ZOMKATI. 

I-MOSWA. 
ISA. Tadza. 
Tjinya. 
Pa. 

She {mu-ha), 
M-KURU {mu-ha). 
Kazhinzhi. 

MiSI YOSE. 

Ma-futa. 

KuRU. Harabha. 



Old 



( 111 ) 



M 



I 



EXOLISH. 


TEBELK 


8HUMA. 


Old, to be, V. 


Guga. 


Shakara. 
Tjembera. 


Olive tree, n. 


Um-nanma. 
Lemihlolo. 




Ominous, culj. 


Nahashura. 


Omit, V. tr. 


Eq^a. 


Tjuruga. 




Tjiya 
Yegela. 


SlYA. 




Regedza. 


On (above), pr^. 


Pezn gn... 


Pamsoro pa... 


,, purpose, see *' Purposely." 




Once (at once), adc. 


Eanye. 


KamKwe. 
KamUwe pera. 
Kamnwe tjete. 


One, n., see " Unit" 






adj. 


Nye. 


Mnwe. 


„ by one. 


Nabanye nabanye. 


Bamnwe nabamSwe. 


Only, adj. 


...edwa ) with pro- 


...OGA, with proper 




...odwa ( per prefix. 


prefix. 


„ adv. 


Kodwa. Nje. 
Minciga. Yuza. 


KOGA 


Ooze, r. 


BVINZA. 


Open (a door), t\ tr. 


Vula. 


Zharura. 


„ (a book). 


Pendhla. 


Penyengura. 




Vula. 


Zharura. 


„ (a parcel). 


Sumbulula. 


Zharura. 


„ (an abscess). 


Hlahla. 


Tema. 


„ (the mouth). 


Kamisa. 


Shama. 


Opening, n. 


Isi-kala. 


Tji-buri. 




In-tuba. 


I-SUBO (ri^na). 


Openly, adv. 


Obaleni. 


Patjena. 


Opportunity, n. 


Isi-kala. 


Tji-buri. 




In-tuba. 


I-SUBO. 


Opposite, adj. 


Eanelana, v. 


Tarirana, v. 


Or, conj. 


Inabi. 


Kana. Na. 


Orange (colour), a^ 


'. Ganu. 


Bvumburupfum- 

BURU. 


Order (command), n 


i. Ili-zwi. 


I-HWi [ri-ma). 
Ma-shoko. 


„ V. tr. 


Laya. Layela. 


Baya. Rayiba. 


„ to put in. 


Lunisa. 


ruramidza, 
Gadzira. 


Oribi, n. 


I-sinza. 


I-8INZA. 


Orifice, see "Opening." 




Originate, v. iiU. 


Puma. 


BUDA. 


„ V. tr. 


dala. Lumba. 


Tanqa. 



Ori 



( 112 ) 



Ox 



ENGLISH. 

Orion (the constel- 
lation), n. 

Ornament, n. 



TRBKLG. SHI 

Izi-iija= the stars in Im-bha. 

Orion's helt. 
In-gulube (the stars N-gurubb. 

in Orion's sword). 
I-ceci ili-ma). 



„ for the head. In-dhlugnla. 

„ „ „ of Isi-biidu(ofredcla}^). 
married women. 

„ V. tr. Ceca. Vunula. 

Orphan, n. In-tandana. 

Ostrich, n. In-tje. 

Other, pron. Nye. 

Otter, n. In-tini. 



Our, pron. 
Outside, adv. 
Outspan, V. 

Over, prep. 
Overcome, v. tr. 



...etu. 
S'apandhle. 
Kumula. 
Tugulula. 
Pezu gu... 
Ahlula. Nqoba. 



Overflow, v. int. Pupuma. 
Overhang, v. int. Engama. 
Overlook, see "Forgive," " Neglect." 
Overpower, v., see " Overcome." 



Oversee, v. tr. 

Overtake, v. 
Over there, ad 
Overthrow, v. 



Bona. Bonisa. 

Londoloza. 

Fica. 

Lapaya(na). 

Cita. 



Owe, V. (Ni) lomlandu gu- 

(ye). 

Owl, n. Isi-kova. 

Own, see "Acknowledge," "Possess." 
Owner, n. Um-nini {plur. om- 

nini). 
Ox, 71. In-kabi. 



„ (for draught). 
„ (pack ox). 



Im-belesi. 
I-bopa. 



I-SHONGO {ri-ma). 

N-GWERENGWERE. 
I-NYUMBU. 



ShONGA. SlMIRA. 

I-NERERA. 

I-MOU. 

Mnwe. 

m-bhakwizi. 

n-dzwidzi. 

...EDU. 
GUNZHE. 

Shomora. 
sunungura. 
Pamsoro pa... 
KoNA. Kunda. 

KURIRA. 

Tefura. Zera. 
Ita bago. 



Bona. Bonesa. 

Tjengeta. 

Wan A. 

GuYA. Papo. Paya. 

Paradza. 

Sayira. 

Tebura. 

(Ndi) nemoswa gu 

(neye). 
Tji-gtinda. I-sizi. 

MW-ENE. 

M-RiDZi (mu-ba). 

N-DUME. 
N-ZOMBE. 
N-ZOMBE. 
N-ZOMBE. 



Pac 



( 113 ) 



Par 



KMGLISU. 


TEBELE. 


8HUNA. 


Pacify, V. tr., 


Lamula. 


Nyaradza. 


see also " Conciliate." 




Pack up, V. tr. 


Buta. 


Bi:nkaxidza. 




Faga. 


ISA. RONGEDZA. 


Packet, n. 


Um-funza {inu-ini). 


M-SHUNjE {viu-ini). 


Pail, n. 


I-gapa [li-ma). 
Ubu-hlufiu. 


I-DENDE REDARE. 


Pain, H. 


GU-DZIMBA. 






BU-GWADZI. 


,, (stabbing pain Isi-hlabo. 


Tji-nu. Tji-bayo. 


in the side). 






„ V, 


Balala. 


BURAYA. 


,, (gnawing). 


Lama. 


RuMA. Banda. 


„ (aching, severe 


). Kwelwa, v. pass. 


GWADZA. DZIMBA. 
PiSHANA. 


., (burning). 


daqamba. 


Vaira. 


„ (throbbing). 


Futa. 

Sagaza (of the head) 




Painful, adj. 


LobuhlofLu. 


Nedzimbu. 


Paint, V, 


Pendula. 


SHANDIJRA. 
DZUDZURA. 


L" "• 


Um-pendulo. 


M-SHANDURO. 


Pale, culj. 


Mpofu. 
Mhlope. 


TSUKU. 




Tjena. 




Fipala, r. 
I-lala (li-jna). 




Palm tree, n. 


M-LALA {7nU'7ni). 


PaLsy, n. 


I-dumbi. 


I-TEMA. 

Netbma, (adj.). 
Tetema (v.). 


Pancreas, iu 


Ulu-bende. 


Ru-BEN(;o. 

GW-ATATA. 


Pangolin, n. 


In-kaka. 


I-AMBAr.l'BVr. 


Pant, r. 


Hehezela. 


Femedza. 




Pefumula ftama- 


Fkma namasimb v. 




ndhla. 


Tjiya. 


Paper, n. 


U-gwalo (fu-zi). 




Parcel, n. 


Um-funza. 


M-8HUNJB. 


pKrch (of the sun), i 


•. Tjisa. 


PI8A. 


„ (cook). 


Osa. 


Otja. 


Pardon, v. 


Yegela. 


RsnEDZA. 



Par 



( 114 ) 



Pee 



ENGLISH. 

" Pardon ! I beg." 
Pare, v. tr. 

see also " Peel." 
Parrot, n. 
Part, r. tr. 

„ V. int. 

see also " Separate. 

„ n. 

see also " Piece." 
Partridge, n. 
Pass by, v. 

„ through, V. tr. 

,, in the hills, n. 

Passion, n. 

Pasture, n. 

„ green, n. 

Pat (caressing), v. 
Patch (in a gar- 
ment), n. 
„ of garden 
ground. 
Path, n. 
Patient, adj. 
Paunch, n. 
Pauw, n. 
Paw, n. 

Pay, V. tr. 
„ a debt. 



TEBELE. 

"Pepa!" 
Hluba. 

I(si)-hweiika. 

Ahluganisa. 

Ahlugana. 

Isi-Mepu. 

In-kwali. 
Dhlula. 
Dabula. 
Isi-kala. 
U-kalu (lu-zi). 
U-laka (lu-zi). 

I-dhlelo {li-ma). 
U-hlaza [lu-zi). 
Ama-hlnfiu. 
Bambata. 
Isi-cibi. 

Isi-vande. 

In-dhlela. 
Begezela, v. 
Ulu-su. 

I-tjeme {li-ma). 
Lu-nyawo. 

Tusa. Pa. 
Kokela umkonto. 



„ a fine. Hlaula. 

,, attention, v. int. Sabela. 
Pea, n. 

Peace, n. 

„ to make, v. 

„ to be at. 
Peak (of a hill), n. 



Peel, V. tr. 



Ugu-tula. 

Lamula. 

Tula. 

In-qoiie. 

Isi-hlogo. 

Hluba. dotula. 

Ebula. 



SHUNA. 

Menya. 

I-H\VENKA. 

Paradzanisa. 
Paradzana. 

TjI-BANDE. 

I-RENGE. 

PiNDA. 

DiMURA. 

TjI-BURI. 

M-PATA. 

I-HA8HA. 

bu-tjenye. 
Ma-furo. 

RU-SKWISKWI. 

PURUDZIRA. 
TjI-REMU. 

Tji-ngure. 
Tji-munda. 
Tji-pindu. 

N-ZHIRA. 
TJINGIDZIRA, V. 
I-GIIRU. 

N-GOMNWANYONI. 
RU-SHOKA. 

I-GUMBO {ri-ma). 

Pa. 

bvisira m-randu 

RlPA M-RANDU. 
RlPA MOSWA. 

Dabira. 

N-DOTSE. 

Gu-nyarara. 
Nyaradza. 
Nyarara. 
M-soRO {inu-mi). 

Menya. 



Pee 



( 115 ) 



Pet 



KNOLI8H. 

Peel potatoes. 

„ pumpkins by a 
peculiar chop- 
ping motion. 

PeelingB, /i. 

Peep. r. 

Pej,', ". 

Pelt with stones, v. 

Penalty, n. 

Penetrate, v. tr. 

People, n. 

„ (white). 



Percussion cap, 



n. 



Pal a a mag will. 
Xoza itana. 



Ama-kasi. 

Im-befio. 

Lnnuza. 

Isi-konkwane. 

Eanda namatje. 

In-hlaulo. 

Poboza. 

Aba-ntu. 

Ama-kiwa. 

Abelungu. 

In-kohlo. 



Perform, v. Enza. 

Perfume, v. tr, Nugisa mnandi. 

„ n. Ama-ka. 

Perhaps, adv. Kumbe. Inabi. 

Peril, Ji.,8ee "Danger." 
P-rish, V. Fa. 

PtTiiiit, r. tr. Vumela. 

r» rpotual, adj. ^apeliyo. 

I't rx'cute, V. tr. Hlupa. 

see al.so " Annoy." 
Persevere, v. Pigelela. 



Persist in denial, 

Person, n. 

INrspiration, w. 
I Vr spire, v. int. 



i.'. r. tr 



Badazela. 

Enza amabada. 

Umu-ntn. 

Um-hali. 

Isi-tugutugu. 

Ginqa. 

Jalnga. 

Tugnta. 

Vumisisa. 



P» rri. rat of married Isi dwaba. 
woman), n. I-pahu {li-ma). 



SHUMA. 

Sesa danga. 



Ma-rara. 
Ma-«anda. 
Shozhera. 
I-noKO {ri-ma). 

Tji-ripo. 
Burura. 
Ba-nu. 
Ba-rumbi. 

I-«ADZU. 
N-KOHYO. 

Ita. 



Na. Kana. 
Fa. 

BVUMIRA. 

SiNOAPBRI. 

DZIDZA. 

Babarira. 
Ramba as an auxili- 
ary verb, e.ff. Waka 

RAMBA TJI BI:YA = 

he persevered in 
coming. 
Manadzira. 

Mu-NU. 

I-DioiTA (ri-ma). 

ZlYA. 

NlTRUOA. 

TlMJITIRA. 

BVUMIDZA. 

I-NBRB. 

I-NAKU. 



Phe 



( 116 ) 



Pin 



ENGLISH. TEBELK. 

Pheasant, /i., aee "Frankolin." 
"Piano" (native Im-bila. 

musical instru- 
ment), n. 
Pick, n. I-kuba (li-ma). 

„ up, V. tr. Dopa. 

„ (grain, as fowls). Cotja. 

„ (select). Keta. 

„ fruit. Ka imbita. 

„ the teeth. Vuliula amazinyo. 

„ garden ground. Lima insimu. 
data insimu. 
Picture, n. Isi-fanegiso. 

Um-fanegiso. 
Piece (of meat), n. I-qata {li-ma). 



(of broken Lu-cezu. 

stick), 
(of pottery). U-defiezi {lu-zi). 

(of broken In-gepezi. 

gourd), 
(chip of wood). I-xozelo {li-ma). 
(broken off Isi-qepu. 

anything). Isi-hlepu. 



Pierce, v. tr. 
„ the ear. 



Hlaba. Gwaza. 
Tletla indhlebe. 



„ (as a needle). Sufiula. 
Pig, n. In-gulube. 

Pigeon, n. In-Jtwilimba. 

„ larga variety. I-fugudu {li-ma). 



Pile up, V. 
Pillow, n. 

Pimple, n. 

Pin, n. 

„ together, v. 



Enza inqumbi. 

Isi-camelo. 

Um-qamelo {m,u-m,i). 

In-sumba. 

I-tjumba. 

U-sufiulo {lu-zi). 

Pica. 



SHUNA. 

Ma-rimba. 



I-BADZA {rt-ma). 

NUNGA. 

Tjobora. 
Sharura. 
Tana mtjero. 
tswaira meno. 

RiMA MUNDA. 

Tji-faniso. 

I-NiNDi {ri-rna), 

(large piece). 
I-NANGO {ri-ma), 

(small piece). 

TjI-KWANZU. 

RuBANZu (splinter). 

I-GANGU. 
I-DEME. 

I-BEZERo {ri-ma). 
I-BENDE {ri-ma). 

Tjl-NWAWU. 
TjI-PEMU. 

Baya. 

Tjega nzebe. 
BvowoRA nzebe. 

N-ZHIRI. 
N-JIBA. 

I-viGiTiwA {ri-ma). 
I-GULULU {ri-ma). 
Ita mu-gwi. 
M-^SAOO {niu-mi). 
M-TSAMiRo {mu-mi). 

I-MOPO. 

M-OTA {mu-mi). 

RU-NZHI. 



Pin 



( in ) 



Pla 



ENULIt»H. 

Pinch, V. tr. 

Pipe (ifor water), n. 

„ flexible. 

„ tobacco. 

., musical. 
Pit, w., see " Hole." 
„ (from small pox). 

,, (f^ame trap). 
„ (of stomach). 



TKBELK. 

Nceba. 

Um-pobo {mu-ml). 

Um-ninzo. 

In-giti. 

Um-hlana (nut-mi). 
Um-godi (inu-jni). 
Ama-nxeba esikwa- 

lipane. 
I-hopo. 
U-caDaliu (lu-zi). 



Pitch, i; , see " Throw." 
„ a tent Misa itente. 



Pith, n. 

Pitiful aJj. 
Pitiless, adj. 

see " Cruel." 
Pity, V. tr. 

„ w. 

see "Kindness. 
Place, n. 

,, V. tr. 

„ close together. 

„ across. 
Placenta (of beasts), n. 
Plain (flat country), n. 

„ (distinct), adj. 
Plainly, adv. 
Plait, r. tr. 
Plank, n. 
Plant, V. tr. 

Plaster, v. tr. 
Plate, n. 

ay, V. 

„ (a musical in- 
.strument). 

„ tricks. 

tec " Mischievous." 



Um-kantju (mu-ini). 

Lesihau. 
Lolunya. 

Haugela. 
Isi-hau. 

In-dawo. 

Bega. 

Hlafianisa. 
Pambanisa. 
In-qwatji. 
I-cege (ll-ma). 
Bonagala, r. 
Obaleni. 
Aluga. 

U-kwembe (lu-zi). 
Xumega. 
Umu-tikazana. 
Bada. Narnega. 
Isi-ja. 
Dhlala. 

Tjaya (the instru- 
ment). 
Oafia. 



SHUMA. 

Shunya. 

I-HURO. 
I-HIUO. 

Tji-xaxa. Tji-hwe- 

PA. 
RU-TSANGA. 

I-(;o.>fBA (ri-ma). 
Ma-banga enomba. 

I-HUZHA. 

I-HANA. 

RU-NIKWANIKWA. 

MiSA ITENTB. 
Sendeoa ITBNTB. 
M-ON(;o (mu-ini). 

MOYO WOMIITI. 

NORUDZIBO. 

GlIGUTU. 

DZIBISA. 
RU-DZIBO. 

I-DZIMBA. 
BlI-GAUO. 
BiGA. 

Shanoanisa. 
Pesanisa. 
M-8ANA (mu-mi). 
Ma-rexje. 

Box BO A, V. 

Patjena. 

Ruga. 

I-GOXI. Bh-ati. 

SiMA, 

I-GWEXZi (ri via). 

BuwA. Nama. 

N-i)iuo. 

Tamba. 

RoBA , ) the instru- 

Rii>ZA, { ment. 

BlRIMA. 



Fie 



( 118 ) 



Pol 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELK. 


SHUNA. 


Pleasant, adj. 


Hie. 


Naka, v. 


Please (satisfy), v. tr 


. Kolisa. 


Tendisa. 


„ (gratify), v. tr. 


, Tabisa. 


BiMBlSA. 




Togozisa. 


BOGESA. 


„ (of courtesy). 


A gu...( = ge + u) 


Tjijo... 


" Pleiades," 7i. 


Isi-limela. 


M-TANATU. 

Tji-tumbu. 


Plentiful, (uJj. 


...neni. 


...ZHINZHI. 


Plenty, to have, v. 


Varna. 




„ of food, n. 


I-nala (Tiaya inala) 


1. I-GUTA. 


Plot, V. tr. 


Ceba. 

Bafia umbafio. 


Tjeta. 


„ n. 


I-cebo {li-ma). 


I-NEMA (ri-ma). 




Um-bafio {mu-mi). 


Ma-rutu. 


Plough, V. tr. 


Lima. 


RiMA. 


Pluck a fowl, V. tr. 


Cuta insiba. 


DZURA minenga. 




Ncotula insiba. 


Shomora minenga. 


Plug, V. tr. 


Vimba. 


Dzibira. 


„ n. 


Isi-vimbo. 


Tji-dzibiro. 


Plunder, v. tr. 


Pana. 


Pamba. 




Tumba. 


Tapa. Tora. 


Plunge, V. tr. 


Cwilisa. 

Bugutja (the spear), 


Nyudza. 


„ V. int. 


Buguda (dive). 






Cwila. 


Nyura. 


Pocket, n. 


Is-amba. 


N-GWANIRO. 
I-HOMBODO. 


Point, V. int. 


Komba. 


TONDEGA. 


„ out, V. tr. 


Jenisa. 


tondedza. 
Ratidza. 


„ (sharpen), v. tr 


". Cija. 


Tesa. 


„ n. (as of a 


Um-ciio (mu-mi). 


N-TESWI, M-ROMO. 


pointed stick). 




„ of an assegai). 




M-ROMO WEPFUMA. 


Poison, n. 


U-tjefu (bu). 


BU-ROWI. 


„ V. tr. 


Telela utjefu. 


Dl-RIRA BUROWI. 




Dhlisa. 


Dyisa. 


Poke, V. tr. 


Hlogoza. 


GOFA. 


„ (as an ox), v. tr 


. Hlaba. 


Baya. 


Pole, n. 


Isi-bonda. 


I-BANGO (ri-ma). 




Isi-godo. 


Tji-gutsa. 
Tji-TANDA (dry). 


Pole- cat, n. 


I-qaqa (li-ma). 


1-DEMBU. 



Pol 



( 119 ) 



Pot 



ENOLI8H. 


TEBELE. 


8HCNA. 


Polish, V. 


Kanyisa. 
Kazimulisa. 


Tjenidza. 




Manyadzisa. 




Cwazimulisa. 




Polite, adj. 


Cuma, /•. 


Nyoro, adj. 




Hlonipa, r. 


Nyara, v. 


Pollute, V. tr. 


Onela. 


BVOXGA. 


see '' Foul." 






Pond, n. 


I-cibi {li-7na). 


I-GANGWE (ri-ma). 
I-GAWA (ri-rna). 


Ponder, v. int. 


Kagana. 


Pfunoa. 


Pool, n., see " Pond.' 


1 




„ in a river bel. 


Isi-ziba. 


I-DZiBA (ri-ma). 


Poor man, n. 


Um-yana. 


M-ROMBO. 


„ condition, see 


'Thin." 




Pop (as mealies in 


Ququmba. 




the fire), r. iiU. 






Porcupine, n. 


I-nufiu. 


I-NUfiOU. 


., quill of. 


U-nunu Hu-zi). 


M-sEBE {mu-mi). 




Ame-va, pL 


MU-NSKWA. 


Porridge, n. 


Isi-jeza. 


I-8HAt)ZA {ri-ma). 


Portion, ««;" Part." 






Portuguese, n. 


Um-zufiu,/?Zj/r. Abe- 
zunu. 




Possess, r. tr. 


Fuya. 


Pfuwa. 




"I^i lako"=I have 


" Ndi natjo." 




it {lit., 1 with it). 




Possessions, n. 


Imi-fuyo. 


DZI-PFUWO. 




Im-pahla. 


I-NUMBB. 




In-tuntu. 




Post, 11., see " Pole." 






„ (cattle post). 


Um-lago. 


M-SHA8HA. 


„ to send cattle 


Lagisa inkomo. 




to, V. 




I-HARI 


Pot, n. 


Im-biza. 


M-RIMO.. 


„ water-pot 


Ira-biza. 


1-OATI. 


„ small pot. 


U-diwo {lu-zi). 


Tji-ronqo. 


„ for .storing corn 


Um-pala. 




„ from off the fire, 


Opula imbiza. 


BURA HAUL 


to take a, v. tr. 


Susa imbiza. 




„ lid, n. 


Isi-sibegelo. 


Tji-funigo. 


„ -clay, n. 


I-buiuba. 


T-RONI)A. 

M-NAMWB (mw). 



Pot 



( 120 ) 



Pre 



KNOLI8H. 

Potsherd, n. 



TEBKLK. 

U-denezi {lu-zi). 



Pot, unburnt, n. Um-kafiu. 

Potato, n. I-gwili {U-wa). 

„ sweet. Um-bambayila. 

„ purple. Um-hlaza. 

Pot-bell3', n. Um-kaba. 
Poultice, v., see "Foment." 

Pound, V. tr. Kanda. 

„ corn. Giga amabele. 

Pour, V. tr. Tela. 

>' out. Tulula. 

„ away. Cita. 
„ off (leaving Cena. 
sediment). 

Poverty, n. Ubu-yana. 

Powder, ??, see " Gunpowder." 

Power, n. Ama-ndhla. 

Powerful, adj. Lamandhla. 

Powerfully, adv. Namandhla. 

Practice, n. Um-kubo. 

see " Custom." 
Practise, v. tr. 
Praise, v. tr. 



Jayela. 

Bofia. Dumisa. Kuza. 

Kweza. Azisa. 



Praise, n. 
Pray, v. 
Preach, v. 
Precede, v. tr. 
Precious, adj. 

Precipice, n. 



V. 



V. 



Prefer, 
Pregnant, 
Prepare for, v. 

Present (here), adj. 



U-dumo (lu-zi). 
Tetela. 
Fundisa. 
Hamba pambili. 
I-gugu, n. (=pre- 

ciousness). 
Ili-wa. 
Keta. 
Mita. 
Lunisela. 

Kona. Eo. 
Gukona=it is here. 
A gu ko^it is not 
here. 



8HUNA. 
I-GANGU. 

Tji-yenga. 

I-JEGWA. 
GW-AGUGWA. 

M-BAMBAYIRA. 
I-SHEZHA. 

m-dumba kuru. 

Pfura. 

dzura mapfunde. 

DiRA. 
DURITRA. 

Tebura. 

MiMINA. 

BU-NANGA. 
BU-ROMBO. 

Ma-simba. 
Namasimba. 

M-GARIRO. 

Korobera. 

BoKA. Kurumbira. 

Eeberegesa. 

Tenda. Ombera. 

m-biribiri. 

KUMBIRA. 
DZIDZISA. 
TUNGAMIRA PAMBIRI. 

Ma-nyemnwe, n. 

I-were (ri-ma). 

Shara. 

" u-nemimba." 

Natsidzira. 

Gadzirira. 

Po. 

ZWI RI PO. 

A ZWI PO. 



Pre 



( 121 ) 



Pro 



KNOLI8H. 


TKBKLE. 


BHUNA. 


Present (gift), n. 


Isi-lile. In-tuso. 




(iiWe), V. tr. 


Pa. Tusa. 


Pa. 


,, a gun, V. tr. 


Kombisa umpobo. 
Qondisa umpobo. 


TONDEDZA PPUTI. 


Preserve, ?•. tr. 


Loudoloza. 


T.iex(ieta. Dziga. 


Press, V. tr. 


Bandezela. 


DZIGIDZIRA. 


spp at. so "Siiueeze,' 


'"Crowd." 




Pretend, v. 


Zenzela. 


Zwitira. 


see also "Deseive.' 


" Zenzisa. 


ItA MAXU.MANU. 


Prettv, adj. 


...hie. 


Naka, V. 


Prevail, v. 


Ahlula. 


KUNDA. 


see also " Overcome/' 




Prevaricate, i*. 


Hahalaza. 


Nemaguhwa, adj. 


Prevent, r. tr. 


Vimbela. 


DZIBISA. 


Price, n. 


In-teno. 


I-XENGO. 


Prick, r. 


Hlaba. 


Baya. 


Prickle, n. 


Ame-vanyana. 


Bi:-Ml-WA. 


Prince, n. 


In-kosana. 


I-TjiNDA (ri-ma). 


Princess, n. 


In-kosazaua. 


M-BOXGA. 


Print, V. 


Nyatelisa. 


TSAMBIDZA. 


Privately, adj. 


Egusitegeni. 


Kabhata. 




Ensiteleni. 


Pe.sa, r. 




Wensita. 


Ban DA, V. 


Probably, adr. 


Inabi. Kuinbi. 


Na. Kana. 


Proce&sion, n. 


Lu-dwendwe. 


N-DrN(;wB. 




I-hele (li-ma). 


Rr-NDAZA. 


Proclaim, c. 


Memeza. 


KOKA. 




Tjumayela. 


Daxidza. 


Procure, v. tr. 


Zuza. 


Waxa. 


Produce, v. tr. 


Kupa. 


DrsA. Bisa. 


„ (of vege- 


Va. Veza. Tela. Zala. Bkukka. Bisa. Dira. 


table life). Tjaya. 


Zwaka. Tun(ja. 






Tjera. 


n. (vege- 


Aba-ntwana. 


Ba-mnw-ana. Ba-xa. 


table). 


Izi-tplo. 






Im-bita. 


MU-RIW). 


Profit, n. 


In-zuzo. 


Gr-WAXA. 


Prohibit, v. 


Alela. 


Rambira. 




Landulela. 


DZIBISA. 


Prop, V. tr. 


Segela. 


Thamira. 

DZKJIRA. 


„ n. 


In-siga. 


M-HiRr. 


Propagate, v. tr. 


Zala. 


ZWABA. 



Pro 



( 122 ) 



Pun 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. 

Proper, adj. Fanela, v. 

Property, n. Im-fuyo. 

see also " Possassions," '" Eiches." 

„ (" estate " of Ama-fa. 

deceased person). 
Propitiate, v. tr. 



Prosper, v. int 
Prostrate, to lie, v. 



Protect, V. tr. 

„ (defend) 



Proud, adj. 
Prove, V. tr. 

Provide, 17. ^? . 

Provision, w., see " Food. 
Provoke, V. tr. Qala 



Hlaulela. 
Busa. 
Lala. 
Badalala (on 

stomach). 
Londoloza. 
Vigela. 
Zibabaza. 
Qinisa. 
Begrela. 



Prowl about, v. 



Duda. 

Vusa umoya. 
Hambahamba. 
Nyenyela. 
Putja. 



Puff (with the 

mouth), V. 

Puff-adder, n. I-bululu. 

Pull, V. tr. Tonsa. 

„ up (by the Sipuna. 
roots). 

„ down. Diliza. 

see "Demolish," "Destroy." 

„ out. Kupa. 

„ „ a tooth. Kumula izinyo. 

„ „ a thorn. Banula ameva. 

„ „ feathers. Ncotula insiba. 



Pulsate, V. int. 
Pulverize, v. tr. 
Pumpkin, n. 

„ wild. 

,, seed. 

„ shoot. 

Puncture, v. 
Pungent, adj. 



Digiza. 

Colisa. Xobisa. 
I-tana (li-ma). 
I-joto {H-mn). 
In-taiia. 
In-tafia. 
Um-libo. 
Hlaba. Poboza. 
Baba, v. Luma, 



SHCMA. 

Fanira, v. 

I-NIIMBE. 

I-NAGA {ri-ma). 

RiPIRA. 

Gara. 
Bada. 
the 

Tjengeta. 

DZIBIRA. 
ZWIKUDZA. 
SiMBISA. 
BiGIRA. 

Tanga. 

SlMUDZA MOYO. 
KWENDAKWENDA. 

Fambafamba. 

TUTUMA. 

Tji-ba. M-VUMBI. 
Kakata. Kweba. 

DZURA. 

KOROMORA. 

BURIDZA. 

Shomora zino. 

BiSA MIWA. 
TOMBORA MIWA. 
DUSA MINENGA. 
DzURA MINENGA. 

Pfura. 

gwisa. tsetsa. 

I-NANGA {ri-ma). 

I-SHAMBA. 
1-DANDA. MU-DZI. 
MU-DZI. 
M-TJEBO. 

Baya. Burura. 
V. Baba. 



Pun 



( 123 ) 



Put 



EXGLI8H. 


TKBBLK. 


SHUNA. 


Punish, V. tr. 


Tjaya. 


EOBA. 




Tambisa. 


PiNGUDZA. 


Pupil, n. 


Um-fundi. 




„ of the eye. 


Iii-hlamvu yelihlo. 


MXW-ANA WEZISO. 
I-SHANCIA YEZISO. 


Purchase, r. tr. 


Tena. 


Tenga. Shuzha. 


Pure, adj. 


Mhlope. 


Tjena. 


„ (as water). 


Cwenega (v.). 


Tjena. 




Mnandi (adj.). 


Naka, v. 


Purge (persons), v. 
tr. 
., (cattle). 


Hudisa. 


Pazhidza. 


Tjegisa. 


Pazhidza. 


Purify, V. tr. 


Cumisa (of morals). 


Tjexisa. 


see " Wash." 


Cwenegisa (liquids). 






Hlambulula( vessels). 


Purposely, adv. 


flabomu, e.g. 


Mnwaza. 




U enzile fiabomu= 


\Va ka ita m5}waza. 




he did it on pur- 




Purse, n. 


pose. 
Is-amba. 


N-GWANIRO. 
I-HOMBODO. 


Pursue, V. tr. 


Landa. 


RONDA. TeBERA. 


Pus, n. 


U-bovu (lu-zi). 


BU-GWA. 


see " Suppurate." 






Push, V. tr. 


Snnduza. Quba. 


Sayira. Tina. 


„ jjently (helping) 


. Hlena. 


Nanganidza. 


„ down. 


Wisa. 


Riga. Wisa. 


Put, V. tr. 


Bega. 


BiGA. ISA. 


„ down. 


Bega pansi. 


BiGA rA8I. 
ISA PA8I. 


„ in. 


Faga. 


ISA MKATI. 


,, on a hat. 


Twala inguane. 


DziGA Hi:si. 


„ in a handle. 


Pisela umpini. 


BURUKA MIMNI. 


„ fire out. 


Cima umlilo. 
Citja umlilo. 


DZIMA MOTO. 


„ down a load. 


Etula umtwalo. 


TlTRITKA MSENGWA. 


„ out the tongue. 


Veza ulimi. 


BVISA KUKl'MI. 
BlIKIDZA RL'KIMI. 


,. (one thing) on 


Eleganisa. 


GWIRIDZA. 


(another). 






„ on clothes. 


Faga iziqogo (on 


Ppboa HANKU. 



s<'lf). Qoga. 
dogisa (on another). Sbnya hanzu. 



Put 



( 124 ) 



Uui 



KNOLI8H. TEBBLK. 

Put by. Begela. 

» off, Libala. 

.see " Dawdle." 
„ forth (leaves). Hluma. Mila. 
„ „ flowers. Kahlela. 
Tjagaza. 
„ in order. Lufiisa. 



Putrefy, v. tr. 
Puzzle, n. 
Python, n. 



Bola. 

I-nqaba. 

I-hlatu. 



8HUNA. 
BiGIRA. 

Fara. 

BUDA. TUNGA. 
T LI M BUG A. 
FURITRA. 

ruramidza. 
Gadzira. 

VUMVIRA. 



Quack, V. Kala. 

Quagga, n. (Bur- I-dube {li-ma). 

c hell's zebra). 
Quail, n. 



Quake, v. 
Quality, n. 
Quantity, small, n. 



Quarrel, v. 



large. 



In-swempe. 
Isi-kwaca. 
Tutumela. 
U-hlobo (lu-zi). 
Gu lutwana. 

Gu neni. 
Xabana. 



see also " Raise a Quarrel 



„ with. 
Quarrelsome, adj. 
Quartz, n. 

Queen, n. 

Question, v. tr. 
Quick, to be, v. 



Quickly, adv. 

Quiet, to be, v. int. 
Quill, n. (of a 
feather). 



Xaba la... 
Lolaka. 

Ama-tje amhlope. 
Ama-tje a kanyayo. 
Inkosikazi (plur. 

amakosikazi). 
Buza. 
Kauleza. 
Panisa. 



Tjema. 

M-BIZI. 



RlRA. 



Tietja. 
Masm^ 



asmyane. 

Tula. 
U-siba (lu-zi). 



N-SWEME. 

Ka-mtawatswa. 

BVUNDA. 
RU-DZI. 

zwi shomana. 
Shoma, v. 

Zwi ZHINZHI. 
GWA. 

Itana nawu. 

Nehasha. 
Ma-bhe ma-tjbna< 

i-wosiashb. 

BVUNZA. 
TjIMBIDZIGA. 

kurumidza. 
Ita rung. 

GWAZO. 

zwinozwino. 
Nyarara. 
M-nenga (mu-mi). 



Uoi 



( 125 ) 



B«i 



ENOLI8H. TKIIKLR. 8HUMA. 

Quill of porcupine, • U-nufiu {lu-zi). M-sebb (viu-mi). 

and see " Porcupine." 
Quite, adv. Pela. Mpela (after Pera, v. 

the verb). 
Quiver, r. Nyiginyega. ZukuSguoa. 



Rabbit, rock, n. 
Rags, n. 

Rage, n. 
Railway, n. 

Rain, v. 

„ (large drops, 
and at the 
commence- 
ment of the 
rainy season). 

„ (drizzle). 

„ n. 

„ the first rains. 

„ tine. 

„ heavy. 
Rainbow, n. 



Rainy season, n. 
Raise, r. tr. 
dust. 

„ (set up). , 
„ a quarrel. 



In-teletia. 
Ama-dabudabu. 
Ama-nikinikane. 
U-laka {lu-zi). 
In-dhlela yenkolo 

yomlilo. 
Na, e.f/. Li ya na = it 

rains= 
Seula. 



Eiza. 

I-zulu {li-ma). 

Um-kizo (mu-mi). 
Um-vimbi {mu-vii). 
Um-cilo wenkosi- 

kazi. 
Um-xitja (»m-wi). 

I-hlobo ilf'-7n(i\ 
Pagamisa. 
Sana utuli. 

Misa. 

Piga inkani. 



, an alarm Hlaba umkosi. 

i»ecal«o "Alarm." 

troops. Butisa abantu. 

Memeza impi. 



N-«UBHYE. 

Ma-shagashagara. •, 
Ma-bvebve. 

I-HASHA. 



Na. 

I NO NA. 
TURUGA. 



Ga8A. Pfuna. 
M-VURA {mu-mi). 
Mu-NURUGA {mu-mi), 

M-vuMBi {mu-mi). 
Ma-paradza mvura. 

M-RARABUNGU (fllU- 

m,i). 
I-zmziiA {ri-ma). 

MlKIDZA. SiMUDZA. 

DlKA (URUBA. 

PUMBURA HIRIBA. 

MiRA. 

Ita MANDA. 

Ita NAWIT. 

Ita i>ar(>. 

RinZA MERE. 

Prvw V V iir/ V HAM 



Rak 



( 126 



Ray 



KNaLISH. TEBKLK. 

Rake together, v. tr. Kucula. Kukula. 
Ram, V. (as corn in Hlohla. 
a sack). 
„ (as ground in a Clibela. 
hole). 

I-nqama. 
Im-pofto. 
Hambahamba. 
Hambela nje. 
In-dunulo. 
Nuga, V. 
Bola, V. 
Vunda, v. 
Rank (of men facing). Ulu-hlu. 
n.cf. "Line." 



„ n. (of sheep). 
„ (of goats). 



Ramble, v. 

Ramrod, n. 
Rancid, adj, 



„ (class). 

„ vegetation. 

Ransack, v. tr. 

Ransom, v. tr. 

Rap (at a door), v. 

„ (sticks on 

shields), 
Rapid, adj. 



U-hlobo (lu-zl). 

Ama-tjotjo. 

Tumba. 

Hlanlela. 

Cloqota. 

Guba. 

" Ba guba umgubo.' 

Lejubane. 



SHUNA. 

Para. 
Paga. 

TSOGERA. 

tsindira. 

i-gondobhyb. 
i-goni)oro. 
gwendagwenda. 
Fambafamba. 

I-SHAMU. 
NUHWA, V. 

Bora, v. 

VUVA, V. 

RU-BIZHO. 

RU-NDA. 

RU-NDAZA. 

RU-DZI. 

Tapa. 

RiPIRA. 
GOODZA. 



Rapids (of a river), see " Cataract." 
Rapidity, n. I-jubane. 

Rare, adj. Nqaba (v.). 

Rascal, n. Um-tagati (mu-ba). M-royi. 

Li-qili. 
Rash (on the skin), see " Break out in sores." 
Rasp, V. tr. 

., n. 
Rat, n. 

„ n., water rat 
Rattel, n. 
Rattle, V. tr. ^^^^. 

„ (as a wagon over Gedhleza. 
stones), V. int. 
Ravage, v. tr. Cita. 

see " Devastate." 



NORUNO. 

Norubiro. 
nomshoka. 

RU-NO. Ru-BIEO. 
M-SHOKA. 



Gudhla. RoDZA. 

Isi-gudhlu. Tji-RODzo. 

I-gundwane {li-ma). Igonzo {ri-ma) 



I-buzi {li-ma). 
U-linda {lu-zi). 
Goqoza. 



I-DAPi {ri-ma). 
I-SERERE {ri-ma). 
roba hosha. 
Tedzbmuga. 

Paradza. 



Rav 



( 127 ) 



Red 



ENOLISII. 


TKBELK. 


SHUMA. 


Ravenously, to eat, i 


. Minza. 


Dyisa. 


Ravine, ii. 


U-dofia {lu-zi). 


I-KOROXGA. 


Raw, adj. 


Luhlaza. 


BiSHE. 


Razor, n. 


In-sifio. 


Tji-tso. 


Reach, see *' Arrive,' 


' " Stretch," " Take." 




Read, v. 


Bala. 


Berenga. 


Ready, to be, r. inf. 


Luna. 


Rl'RAMA. 


,, to make, i\ ir 


. Lunisa. 


RURAMIDZA. 


see also '* Prepare. 


>» 




Really, adv. 


SibUi. 


GWAZO. DZAKO. 




Noqoto. 


ZOKWADI. 
ZOKWADI. 


Reap, V. tr. 


Vuna. 


Tjbga. 


Rear a child, v. 


Ondhla Tunntwana. 


Rera mnwana. 


„ (of a horse). 


Eqa. 


Tjuruga. 


Rebel, r. 


Xwala. 


Pbnga. 


Rebound, t'. 


Jubuluga. 


Epuga. 




Tanya. 


DZUNGURUGA. 


Rebuke, r. tr. 


Kalimela. 


Kanyira. 


.v^c rt/ifo "Scold." 


Buyela emva. 


DZOGERA SHLRB. 


Recede, v. int. 


Araugela. 


Gamitjira. 
Tambira. 


Receive, v. tr. 


Kafieza. 


Tambira. 


„ hold hands 






so a.s to. 






Reckon, r. tr. 


Bala. 


Berenga. 


Recline, r. int. 


Lala. 


Bada. 




Cambalala. 


Tandabara. 


Hecojjnize, v. tr. 


Azi. 


DZIBA. 


Recollect, v. tr. 


Knmbula. 


Karakana. 


see also " Think." 




Pbpuga. 


Recommend, v. tr. 


Babaza. 


Rebkra. 




Kulumela. 


DZIBISISA. 


Recompense, v. tr. 


Kokela. 


Ripira. 




Hlaulela. 


DURIRA. 


Reconcile, r. tr. 


Lamula. 


Nyaradza. 


see also " Concilia to." 




Recover, r. tr. 


Tola. 


NUNOA. 


„ health. 


Lnlama. 


Nangaira. 


see also " Convalescent." 




Rectify, r. tr. 


Lnfiisa. 


RURAMIDZA. 


Red. adj. 


Bomvu. 


TsiKi'. • 
Shaba. 



Red 



( 128 ) 



Rem 



ENGLISH. 

Red clay, n. 
,, buck, n. 
Redeem, v. tr. 
Reduce, v. tr. 

„ (in number). 
„ in size, v. tr. 

Reed, n. 



„ sweet, n. 

„ buck, n. 
Reedy place, n. 

Among the reeds. 
Reflect, V. int. 
Reform, v. tr. 
Refuge, n. 
Refuse, v. tr. 

Regiment, n. 

Reign, v. 

Reim, n. 

Reins (of harness), n. 

Reject, 6'ee "Refuse." 

Rejoice, v. 

Relapse, v. (in con- 
valescence). 

Relate, v. tr. 
Relation, n. (kins- 
man). 

Release, v. tr. 

Relent, v. int. 
Relieve, v. tr. 

see " Help." 
„ pain. 
see also '* Foment." 
Reluctant, adj. 
Remain, v. int. 



TEBKLK, 

Li-bomvu. 
Im-pala. 
Hlaulela. 
Ncipisa. 

Finyeza. 

Quma. 

Um-hlana (mu-mi). 

Imi-zi (jjI). 

I-buma {li-ma). 

Im-fe. 

Um-zigi. 

Ama-hlana. 

Em(a)hlaneni. 

Nagana. 

Luiiisa. 

I-nqaba. 

Ala. 

Landula. 

I-buto {li-ma). 

Busa. 

Um-cilo (mu-mi). 

Imi-cilo. 

Jabula. Colana. 
Taba. Togoza. 
Buya, e.g. Wa buya 

wagula=hehada 

relapse, 
Landisa. 
Isi-nini. 

Um-zalwane (mu-ba). 
Um-hlobo {7nu-mi). 
Yegela. 
Kulula. 
Ncibiliga. 



8HUNA. 
M-KUTU. M-TJUKU- 
I-MARA. 
RiPIRA. 

Shomanisa. 

DUKWANISA. 

DiMURA. 

RU-SHANGA. 

M-TOPOTA. 

M-PUNGWE. 

I-MHE. 

I-BiMA (ri-ma). 
dzi-shanga. 
Pa dzishanga. 
Pfunga. 
ruramidza. 

I-DOMBO. 

Ramba. 



Gara. 

I-GASHU (ri-ma), 
Ma-gashu. 

BoKA. Tenda. 

BiMBA. 
DZOGA. 
Wa KA DZOGA WA 

gwara. 
budza mashoka. 

I-HAMA. RU-DZI. 



Tulisa ubuhluiiu. 

Donda (v.). 

Sala. 

Hlala. 



Regedza. 
Sunungura. 
Fara. 
Tjidza. 

Nyararisa bug- 

wadzi. 
nobusimbe, 
Sara. 
Gara. 



Rem 



( 129 ) 



Res 



EXGLISH. 

Remainder, n. 



TEBELK. 

Isi-bebetn. 
Isi-caba (of cooked 



see also " Piece." 


food). 


Remember, r. int. 


Eumbnla. 


cf. " Think." 




Remind, v. tr. 


Kumbuza. 


Remorse, n. 


U-valo ilif-z'). 


Remonstrate, v. 


Laya. 


Remove, v. tr. 


Susa. 


house. 


TuU. 


pot from 


Epula imbiza. 


the fire. 




Remunerate, v. tr. 


Tnsa. 


see " Recompanse," '' Pay." 


Renown, n. 


TT-dumo {lu-zi). 


Repair, v. tr. 


Lufiisa. 


Repeat, v. tr. 


Pinda. 


Repent, v. int. 


Penduga. 


Reply, V. int. 


Penduga. 


Report, V. tr. 


Biga. 


n. 


In-daba. 




I-pufio ili-ma). 


false. 


Ama-yamaya. 




Ama-pico. 


„ of a gun, n. 


Ugu-kala. 


Repose, v. int. 


Lala. 




Pumula. 


Represent, v. (stand 

for). 
Reproach, v. tr. 


Mela. 


Tetisa. 


Reprove, v. tr. 


Kalimela. 




Jeza. 


Repulse, v. tr. 


Xotja. 



see "Overcome.' 
Request, v. tr. 

we "Ask." 
Require, v. tr. 
Rescue, v. tr. 

see '* Help." 
Resemble, v. tr. 



Cela. 

Biza. 
Hlafiula. 

Fana la... f.f/. 
U fana laye=he is 
like him = 



SHUXA. 
TjI-PEMU. 



K.\RAKANA. 

Karakanlsa. 

I-HAN'A. 

R.\YA. 

BiSA. 

Tama, 
bura iiari. 

Pa. 

Tji-rumbi. 

Gadzira. 

Pama. 

shanduoa. 

Shanduoa. 

Eeba. 

SUMA. 

Ma-shoko. 

I-NAWU. 
I-NEMA. 

Gu-rira. 
Bata. 

ZORORA. 
MiRIRA 

Tuoa. 

Kanyira. 

Tsibura. 

Tanda. 

Tina. 

KUMBIRA. 

Dana. 
P0NI8A. 

Fana na... 

V FANA NA-ITB. 
K 



( 130 ) 



Ric 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


SHCNA. 


Reserve, v. tr. 


Begela. 


BiGIRA. 


Resist, v. tr. 


Ala. 


Ramba. 


Resolute, adj. 


aina, e.g. 

U yaqina = he is re- 


SiMBA, V. 




solute = 


U NO SIMBA. 


Resound, v. int. 


Duma. 


TiNIRA. 


Respect, v. tr. 


Hlonipa. 


KURUMBIRA. 


Respire, v. int. 


Pefumula. 


Fema. 


Rest, V. int. 


Pumula. 


ZORORA. 


„ (lean against) 


. Eyama. 


Sendama. 


Restless, adj. 


Nya^aza, v. 


BiDIRIGA, V. 


Restore, v. tr. 


Buyisela. 


DZOSERA. 


Restrain, v. tr. 


Bamba. 


Bata. 


„ one's self. 


Zibamba. 


ZiBATA. 


Retain, v. tr. 


Bamba. 


Bata. 


Retard, v. tr. 


Libazisa. 


Baraidza. 


Retch, V. int. 


Gonyula. 


RUDZA. 


Retire, \ . 
Retreat,/^- ''''' 


Buyela emva. 


Dzogera shure. 


Return, v. int. 


Buya. 


DZOGA. 


Reveal, v. tr. 


Bona^alisa. 


BONESA. 


Revenge, v. tr. 


Pindisa. 


Pamidza. 


Revere, v. tr. 


Hlonipa. 


KURUMBIRA. 




Dumisa. 


RlRIDZA. 


Revile, v. tr. 


Tetisa. 


TUGA. 


Revive, v. int. 


Vuga. 


MUGA. 




Sila. 


Tjira. 


Revolve, v. int. 


Zinelega. 


poterega. 
Tendenega. 


Reward, v. tr. 


Tusa. 


Pa. 


„ n. 


TJm-vuzo {mu-mi). 


Mu-MUDZA {mu-mi). 


1' 


In-tuso. 




Rhinoceros, n. 


Um-kombo (mu-mi) 


1. I-nema. 




^^"Jl-tjanganya. 




*'^^ il-bejane. 




Rhinoceros-beetle. 


Ibufiane [li-ma). 




Rib, n. 


TJ-bambo {lu-zi). 


M-BABVU. 


Ribs (of meat). 


Um-hlubulo {mu-mi 


).M-BABVU. 


Rice, n. 


Im-pufiga. 


M-PUf^GA {mu). 


Rich, adj. 


Nota {v.). 


Pfuwa. 


Riches, n. 


Izi-noto. 


DZI-PFUWO. 



Bid 



131 ) 



Bii 



KNOLI8H. TEBEL 

Kide horseback, v. Kwela ipiza. 

.s-ee "Gallop." '*Trot," •"Canter." 

Ridge, n., see '^ Bank. "Ulu-boba. 

Bidicule, v. tr. 



ftHUNA. 
KWIRA MBIZI. 



M-TEKA. 

Sega. 

I-PFUTi {ri-ma). 



Hlega. 
Eifle, 71. Um-pobo {mu-mi) 

„ breech-loading. tJm-hlohlo {mu-mi). I-pfonyegwa 

{ri-ma). 
Right, adj. Luila {v.), e.g. Rurama. 

Guliifiile=it, or 

that is right = ZwA KA RURAHA. 

Into i lnMleyo=a 

TjINU TJA KA RURAMA. 



see also " Side. 



^ right thing = 

ind, n. I-hlnbo {li-ma). 

I-kasi {li-ma). 
ing, n. I-sofio {li-ma). 

„ (head-ring). Isi-dhlodhlo. 
„ a bell, V. tr. Jja?^ insiinbi. 
Kafisa insimbi. 
„ (ofabell),r.m^Kala. 
Ring-dove, n. 
Rinse the mouth, v. 

„ (a vessel). 
Rip, V. tr. 



Ma-qanda. 
I-jOTi {ri-ma). 
Tji-danga. 
Ridza butari. 

RlRA. 

I-celegwana (/2-ma). N-jiba. 
Xupa umlomo. Suka mromo. 



Ripe, adj. 



Hlanzisa isija 
Dabula. 

Vntwa, (u.), e.g. 
it 



Gu vutiwe 
ripe= 
Ripples (on water), Ama-za. 
Rise, V. int. Kwela. 

Pagama. 
„ (in indigestion). Boohla. 
„ (of the sun). Puma. 

„ (of smoke or Ttmqa. 

dust). 
„ (from lying Sngnma. 

down). 
„ (from sleep). Vuea. 
„ (of dough). Kukumala. 

Vubela. 
„ (of the water in Cwala. 

a river). 
„ (of a river at its Pama. 

source). 



= It is 



Ngudza tjidya. 
Parura. 
Ibva, v. 

ZWA IBVA. 
KWIRA. 

Tana. 

DZOBA. 

BUDA. 

BVA. 

Pfungaira. 

MiRIGA. 

MUQA. 
KURA. 
TUTUMA. 

Zhara. 



BUDA. 

owa 



BVA. ZWAR- 



Riv 



( 132 ) 



Rop 



KROLI^H. 


TKBKLE. 


SHUNA. 


River, n. 


Um-fula {mu-mi). 


Kw-izi {gu). 


Rivulet, n. 


Um-fudhlana. 


RU-KOBA. 


(dry). 


Isi-fudhlana. 


RU-KOBA. 


Road, n. 


In-dhlela. 
Um-zila. 


N-ZHIRA. 


„ fcattle path). 


Um-zila. 


M-GWARA. N-GWARA. 


„ to make a. 


Hlahla indhlela. 


Tema NZHIRA. 


Roam, see " Wander 


11 




Roar (of a lion), v. 


Bona. Konya. 


NOMBA. DZOBA. 


„ V. (of water). 


Duma. 


NOONGA. 


Roast, V. tr. 


Osa. 


Otja. 


Rob, V. tr. 


Ba. 


Ba. 


see also " Plunder. 


u 




Rock, n. 


I-dwala {li-ma). 


Ru-WARi {ma-wari). 




Ili-tje. 


I-DOMBE {ri-ma). 
1-BHE {ri-ma). 


„ V. int. 


Zamazama. 




Eocky-place, in a. 


Emadwaleni. 
Ematjeni. 


Pa-mawari. 


Eod (switch), n. 


U-swazi {lu-zi). 


I-SHAMU {ri-ma). 


„ (thick, with 


In-duku. 


I-swiMBO {ri-ma). 


knob). 






„ thick, without In-tona. 


M-DONZO. 


knob. 


Um-qwai {mu-mi). 


M-HARAKO. 


„ long, without Um-qwai. 


M-BATA. 


knob. 


U-dondolo {lu-zi). 


M-DONZO. 


Rogue, n. 


Um-tagati. 
Li-qiU. 


M-ROYI. 


Roll along, v. tr. 


Giqa. 
Dayela. 


BUMBURUGISA. 


„ up, V. tr. 


Goqa. 
Sofia. 


Pet A. 




KWINYA. 


Roof (framework), ri 


u U-pahla {lu-zi). 


I-DENGA {ri-ma). 


Room, n. 


In-dhlwana. 
Ili-ci. 


I-DZIMBA. 


„ to make, v. hit 


. Xega. 
Sunduga. 


Sedera. 


Root, n. 


Im-pande. 


MU-DZI. 


„ to take, V. 


Mila impande. 


Bata mudzi. 

DZIGA MUDZI. 


„ up, f^- ir. 


Sipuna. 


DZURA. 


„ of a pig, 


Panda. 


TjERA. 


Rope, n. 


In-tambo. 


M-suNGO {mu-mi). 



Rot 



( 133 ) 



£um 



BKQL181I. TKUELK. 


8HUKA. 


Rot, v. int. Bola. 


Bora. 


Rotate, V. tr. Zifieleza. 


POTEREDZA. 


Gaya. 


Tendenedza. 


Roup:h (of a surface), Hatjehatje. 


Mara, v. 


adj. 




Round (like a ball), Bnlunga, v. 


BURUNGA, V. 


adj. Dilina, v. 




„ in a circle, Zinelega. 


Potereoa. 


to go, V. int. 


Tendenega. 


Rouse, V. tr. Vusa. 


MUTSA. 


Bow (of things), n. Um-knmbi {mu-vii) 


. I-dan(jwe (ri-mo). 




Ka-rungwa. 


„ (of people— I-hele {li-ma). 


RU-SALA. 


Indian file). Lu-dwendwe. 


MU-DUNGWE. 


„ (facing front). Ulu-hlu. 


RU-NDA. 


Bow (uproar), n. Um-sindo {mu-mi). 


I-ZHOBA (ri-ma). 




I-TJiYA {ri-ma). 


3Bab (wipe, brush), v. Esula. 


PiSIGA. 


„ (in med ical treat- Hligihla. 


PiSIOA. 


ment). 


KwizA (=rub hard). 


„ the bodv (" a drv Nyoba. 


POKOTORA. 


rub.*") 




„ (chafe). Pucnla. 


SOTORA. 


„ a skin (curry). Tjuga isikoko. 
„ „ with a Kuhla isikoko. 


SUGA GANDA. 


KWIZA GANDA. 


stone. 




Rubbish, n. Izi-bi. 


Ma-rara. 


to collect Kucula izibi. 


Para MARARA. 


together, v. 




Rude, adj. Gafia, v. 


Pata, v. 


see also " Mischievous." 




Rug, n. Umposwa {mii-mi). 


In-gubo. 


Is-antubane. 




Ruin, V. tr. Cita. 


Tebura. Tjinya. 


Rule, V. tr. Busa. 


Gara. 


Ruler, n. Um-busi. 


She. 


Rumble (of a Gedhleza. 


Kunguruga. 


wagon), r. 


Tedzemuoa. 


„ (of the Nilenyoga. 


Ndi nenyoga. 


bowels). 




Ruminate, v. Etjisa. 


TSENGA. 




Zeya. 



Rumour, see " Report." 



Rum 



( 134 ) 



Saf 



ENGLISH. 

Rump, n. 
Run, V. int. 

„ away. 

Run over, v. tr. 

„ after. 

„ (of water), v. int. 

„ out „ 
Runner (a messen- 
ger), n. 

„ of a pumpkin, n. 

Rupture (umbilical), 

n. 
Rushes, n. 
Rust, n. 
Rustle (of trees), v. 

int. 



Isi-nqe. 

Kitjima. 

Gijima. 

Balega. Hema. 

Muga. 

Nyatela. 

Landela. 

Hamba. 

Vnza. 

Isi-kitjimi. 

Umlibo (mu-mi). 

In-tafia. 

Isi-bono. 



SHUNA. 

Tji-bunu. 

Manya. 

Banga. 

TiZHA. 



Tsiga. 



Tjamba. 

TOBERA. 

Erera. 

VUNZA. 



M-TJBBO. 
MU-DZI. 

I-Quvu (ri-ma). 



Imi-zi. Mi-zi. 

Imi-tomboyeusimbiM-ROBE wa butari. 
Nyiginyega. ZuNufJauoA. 



Sabbath, n. 

Sable antelope, n. 

Sack, n. 

see also " Bag." 
„ (of bark). 
Sacrifice, v. tr. 

„ n. 
Sad, adj. 



Saddle, n. 

„ V. tr. 
Safe, adj. 



s 

Ilafia elikulu. 
Lizila lomlimo. 
Um-tjwayeli. 
In-gwalati. 
Um-godhla. 



Zhuba rikuru. 
Tjisi tja mnwali. 
i-marapara. 

I-HOMO. 



I-guza {li-ma). I-gombo (ri-ma). 

Hlabela. Bayira. 

Tetelela. Pira. Tbbura. 

I-zaba (li-ma). 

Gndabugainhliziyo. Gu paruga moyo. 
Dana. Gu dimuga moyo. 

" A fii lanhliziyo." Gu swiba moyo. 
Inhliziyo imnyama. Moyo mtema. 
Isi-hlalo sepiza. Tji-garo tjembisi. 
Bega isi-hlalo. Biga tji-garo. 

Hlala (v.), e.g. Gu Gar a, v. 

hlezi =» it is here 

all right= Zwi NO gara. 



Lufia (v.), e.g. Gu 
lufi.ile=it is safe = 



Rurama, v. 
ZwA KA rurama. 



Sag 



( 135 



Sea 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELK. 


SHUN A. 


Sagacious, adj. 


Hlaganipa, r. 


TjENJERA, V. 


Saliva, iu 


Ama-te. 


Ma-te. 


Salt, n. 


It-jwai {li-ma). 


MU-NYU. 


Salute, V. tr. 


Binelela. 


GWADZISA. 


Sand, n. 


Isi-hlabati. 


IVU. M-8HETJE. 


,, in a river bed. 


Isi-tjebitiebi. 
Ili-nyateio. 


M-SHETJB. 


Sandal, n. 


1-8HANGU (ri'-nia). 


Sap, n. 


I-ncino. 


I-ROPA {ri-ma). 


Sash, to wear as a, v. 


Gaxa. 




Sassaby, n. 


In-kolome, In-ko- 
mozane. 


I-NOXDO. 


Satisfy, v. tr. 


Kolisa. Sutisa. 


GUTISA. 


Satisfied, to be, v. 


Dela. Kolwa. 


GuTA. Tbnda. 


„ with food, to 


» Suta. 




be, u. 






Saturate, v. tr. 


Netisa logu netisa. 
Tondela. 


DONIDZA. 


Saturday, n. 


In-pe^elo. 

Um-aibelo. 

Libaia. 




Saunter, v. 


Fara. 


Savage, adj. 


Lolunya. 


Nbgodo, 


Save, V. tr. 


Silisa. 


Tjidza. 




Siza. 


PONESA. 


„ (put by), V. tr. 


Begela. 


Tjenjera. 


Saviour, n. 


Um-silisi. 
Um-sizi. 




Say, V. 


Ti. 


Ni. 




Tjo;;VV.,Tjilo; im 


- Naro. Daro. 




per., Tjono; pass. 


) 




Tjiwo. 




Scab (of a sore), n. 


U-xwexwe {lu-zi). 
U-koko {lu-zi). 


I-OANDA (ri-ma). 


„ to tear off, v. tr 


. Xexebuga. 




Scald, V. 


Tjisa namanii. 


Pisa nemvuua. 


Scales (of a fish), n. 


Ama-selo. 




„ (for weighing). 


. Izi-liftaniso. 




Scandal, n. 


Ama-cebo. 


Ma-nema. 


Scapula, n. 


Isi-pafia. 


I-BANDABUKO (ri-ma). 


Scar, n. 


Li-nxeba. 


I -RON DA (ri-ma). 
I-BANOA i ri-ma). 


Scarce, adj. 


Swelega, v. 


SlIAYIUA. 




Nqaba, r. ( = rare). 


Shoma. 


Scarcity (of food), n 


. In-dhlala. 


N-ZHARA. 



Sea 



( 136 ) 



Scu 



ENGLISH. TEnELE. 


8HUNA. 


Scare birds from the Linda inyoni. 


DZINGA SHIRE. 


corn, V. tr. 




Scarify, v. tr. Caba. 


Tema NYORA. 


Scarlet, adj. Bomvu. 


TSUKU. 




Shaba. 


Scatter, v. tr. Cita. 


PaRADZA. Mi5RAYA. 




Tebura. Dzinga. 


„ V. int. Citega. 


Mnraiga. Tebuga. 


Scent (of dogs), v. tr. Nuga. Tunata. 


NUHWA. 


„ (of perfumes). Nugisa. 


NUHWIDZA. 


„ n. Ama-ka. 


GU-NUHWA. 


Scheme, n. In-daba. 


I-DAMA. 


Scissors, n. Isi-kelu. 




Scold, V. Tetisa. Halada. 


TuGA. Kanyira. 


Kalimela. Kuza. 


POPOTERA. TSIBURA. 


Hlamba. 


VUNDUSIRA. 


Scoop (carve out Kupa. 


KWENYA. 


wood), V. tr. 




,, (out calabashes). Kupa. 


Shokosha. 


„ (earth by hand). Panda. 


Tjera. Mba. 


Scorch, V. tr. Tjisa. 
Score (with a knife), Tlaya. 


Pisa. 


Bedzenga. 


V. tr. Tlola. 




Scorn, V. tr. Delela. 


ZWIDZA. 


see " Despise." 




Scorpion, n. U-fezela [lu-zi). 


I-MANi {ri-ma). 




TjI-NYABADA. 


Scoundrel, see " Eascal." 




Scout, V. Hlola. 


Shora. 


„ n. I-hloli {U-ma). 


I-shori {ri-ma). 


see also " Spy." 




Scrape, v. tr. "^ Kucnla. 


Para. 


„ (a hide). Pala. 


Para. Gokota. 


Scratch, v. tr. Enwaya. 


Gwenya. Para. 


„ (with nails). Dhlepuna. 


GWBNYA. 




Kwaradzura. 


„ (as a fowl). Panda, dwitja. 


Tjera. 


Scream, v. int. Kala. 


Tjema. 


Screen from sight, Sita. 

V. tr. 
Scriptures, n. In-gwalo zo Mlimo, 


DzigAtisa. 




Scrub, V. Esula. 


PiSIGA. 


Scuffle grass off, v. Centa utjani. 


Sebura buhwa. 



Sen 



( 137 ) 



Sel 



EMOLI8H. 


TEBBLK. 


8HUHA. 


Scum, n. 


Ubu-lembu. 
Lu-qweqwe (only 

when thick and 

hard). 


Tji-furu. 


,, on water in 


1 I-gwebu {li-ma). 




cooking:. 






„ tocover with, r 


. Gubuza. 


FUGIDZA. 


Scurvy (of goats), Ji. 


Isi-kwekwe. 


GW-EMBB. 
RU-KUNDU. 


Sea, 72. 


Ulw-andhle. 




Seal, n. 


U-pau {lu-zi). 


Mu-TSETSB {mu-mi). 


„ V. tr. 


Bega upan. 


Ita mutset.se. 


Seam, n. 


Um-peto. 


M-PETO. 


Search, v. tr. 


Cina. Dina. Nxoloza. Tsaga. 


Seasons, Spring, ii. 


Gu hluma izihlahla. Gu tunua miti. 


„ Summer, «. 


I-hlobo. 


I-ZHIZHA. 


„ Autumn, n. 


Ugw-indhla. 


Ma-pebhe. 


„ Winter, n. 


Ubu-siga. 
Isi-hlalo. 


Tji-rimo. 


Seat, u. 


Tji-garo. 


Second, adj. 


Isi-biU. 


BU-BIRI. 


Secret, n. 


In-sita. Ugu-sita."' 


) Banda, v. 


Secretly, adv. 


Nensita. | 


' DziGATiRA, (v), e.g. 


Secret, in. 


Ensiteni. j 


[ Wa ka m buraya 




EgTisitegeni. 


) WA KA BANDA = he 

killed him secretly. 


Secretary bird, n. 


U-dwai ilu-zi). 


I-WAHLA (ri-ma). 
I-WATA (ri-ma). 


Secure, v. tr. 


Qiiii8a,e.^.Guqiiiilc 


) SlMBISIRA. 




= it is secure = 


ZWA KA SIMBA. 


deduce, v. tr. 


f»^-}deceive. 


Nyengedza. 




TjENGEDZA. 




Tiya (entrap). 


Teya. 


See, r. 


Kafiela. Bona. 


Tarira. Bona. 


Seed,n. 


In-hlanyelo. 


M-BEU. 


„ of grass, n. 


In-zalo. 


I-SINE. 


Seek, V. tr. 


Difia. 


TSAOA. 


Seize, v. tr. 


Bamba. 


Bata. 


Select, V. tr. 


Keta. 


SlIARA. 


Self-conceit, n. 


Ugu-zikulisa. 


Gu ZWIKIKIMIDZA. 


Self-donial, ji. 


Ugu-zincitia. 
Ugu-zitanda. 


Gu ZWINYIMA. 


Self-love, n. 


GU-ZWIDA. 


Selfish, to be, r. 


Zitanda. 


ZWIDA. TjlBA. 


Sell, V. tr. 


Tefiisa. 


TbSgika. 
Shambadza. 



Sen 



( 138 ) 



Sha 



ENOLISH. 

Send, V. tr. 
to. 

back, 
after, 
away, 
forward. 



TEBELE. 



Tuma. 

Tiimela. 

Buyisa. 

Landisa. 

Mugisa. 

Dhlulisa. 



Sense (physical), 11. XJgu-zwa. 

Sensible (wise), aOj. Hlaganipa, v. 

Sent, V. pass. Tunywa. 

Separate, v. tr. Ahluganisa, 



V. int. 



Ahlugana. 
Tjilana. 



„ fibres of bark. Ebula inxoza. 
V. tr. Jobulula inxoza. 

Seraglio, n. Isi-godhlo. 

Serpent, n. I-nyoga. 

Serval, n., see "Tiger Cat." 
Servant, n. Um-fogazana. 

Isi-beleki. 
Serve, v. tr. Sebenzela. 

Belekela. 
,, out (food when Pagela. 
cooked). 
Service, n., see " Work." 
Set down, v. tr. Bega. 

free. Kulula. 

dogs at. Nigela inja. 

on fire. Tjisa. 

to work. Sebenzisa. 

(of the sun), v. m^.Tjona. 



Settle, V. tr. 
Seven, adj. 
Sew, V. tr. 
Shade, n. 

(shelter), v. tr. 



Misa. 

Nonye. 

Tufia. 

XJm-tunzi. 

Fulela. 



Shades of the dead." Ama-dhlozi. 



8HUNA. 
TUMA. 
TUMIRA. 
DZOGISA. 

Tebera. 

Endisa. Pamidza. 

Pfubudza. 

PiNDISA. 

GU-NSKWA. 

GU-HWA 

Tjenjera, v. 

TUMNWA. 

Paradzanisa. 
Pararanisa. 

TSAURA. 
TSAURANISA. 

Parana. 

Pararana. 

Paradzana. 

TSAUGANA. 
SUBURA GODZI. 
I-NYOGA. 
M-RANDA. 

Batira. 

Shingira. 

Pagura. 



BiGA. 
SUNUNGURA. 

tsogidzira imbiia. 

Pisa. 

Batisa. Shingisa. 

BiRA. 
MiRA. 
NOMNWE. 

Pfuma. Sona. 
M-BURi (mu-mi). 
PfuriIia. 
Ma-dzimo. 



Sha 



( 139 ) 



She 



ENQLISn. 

Shadow, n. 
Shaft (pit), n. 

„ (handle). 

„ of an assegai. 

Shake, r. int. 

„ with fear. 
K „- V. tr. 

„ (a blanket, etc.) 
„ the head. 
Shaky, to be, v. 

Sham, r. 
H see also " Pretend 
HLShame, n. 
^B 

^^Shameless, adj. 
F Shape, n. 

■k see" Mould," "Cu 
^HBhare, v. 

Sharp, adj. 

see also " Acid," " 
Sharpen (a knife), v. 

„ (a pencil). 
Shave, v. 

Itroii. 

■ h. //. 

>ned ^of branches), n. 

„ tears, v. 

„ blood, V. 
"^heep, n. 

,, ram. 

,, wether. 

,, kraal. 

Sheet, n. 

Shell mealies, v. fr. 

„ beans. 

,, ground nuts. 



TRBEI.K. 

Isi-tunzi. 
Um-godi. 
Um-pini. 
Um-pini womkonto. 

Nyiginyega. 
Zamazama. 
Tutumela. 
Xegisa ( = loosen). 
Zamazamisa. 
, Tintita. 
Nigina ikanda. 
Xega. 

Zenzisa. 
," "Deceive." 

In-hloni. 

Hlaba fienhloni. 

Ka a lanhloni. 

Ugu-ma. 

Enza. Fanisa. 
rve." 

Abela. 

Is-abelo. 

Bukali. 
Harsh." 

Lola. 

Cija. 

Sifia. 

U. Yena. 

Isi-landa. 

Um-belo {nw-vu'). 

Kala inyembezi, 

Cita igazi. 

Im-vu. 

I-nqama. 

Um-tena {mu-mi). 

Isi-bayana. 

Isi-lugu. 

In-eubo yempi. 

Huliila umumbu. 

Hluba indumba. 

Cacata amazambane 



8HUNA. 
M-BURI. 

I-GOMBA (ri-ma). 

M-PINI. 

RU - QWIRIKO GWE- 

PFUMO. - 
ZUNUNGUGA. 

BVUNDA. 
ZlTNUNGUSA. 

Nganugisa. 

ZuzA. Bvubvudza. 

dzungudza msoro. 

Nganuga. 

zununguga. 

Ita MANUMANU. 
I-SHONI. 

Nyadzisa. 
a a neshoni. 

GU-MIRA. 

Ita. Nyora. Tara. 

KOBBRA. 
TjI-KOBERO. 
PiNZA, V. 

RODZA. 

Tesa. 

GUSA. 

U. Iye. Uyo. 

I-HARA. 

M-8HASHA {mu-vii). 

TjEMA MISODZI. 
BUDA IROPA. 

Ihwai (ri-ma). 

I-GONI)OBHYE. 

HWAI RA KA TJEOWA. 

I-i)ANOA (ri-nia). 

TjI-DANOA. 
M-TJEOA. 

NONOORA TJIBAKWB. 
Menya NYEMBA. 

.Patula nzunou. 



She 



( 140 ) 



Sho 



ENGLISH. 


TKBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Shell (of a snail), n. 


In-kumba. 


Maibehomba. 


„ (of an eggj. 


Ama-kasi. 


Ma-ganda. 


Shelter, v. tr. 


Fulela. 


Pfurira. 


„ take, V. int. 


Catjela. 


Shayiga. 


„ n. 


Um-tunzi {mu-mi). 


M-BURi (mu-mi). 


see also '* Shed." 






Sherd, n. 


U-defiezi (Ju-zi). 


Tji-yenga. 


see '' Potsherd." 






Shew, V. tr. 


Jenisa. 


Ratidza. 


Shield, V. tr. 


Vigela. 


DZIBIRA. 


„ (war), n. 


Isi-hlanu. 


I-NOBO. 


„ (small). 


I-hau ili-ma). 




see also " Fence." 






Shin, n. 


Um-bala. 


M-PIMBIRA. 


Shine, v. int. 


Kanya. 
Um-kolo {mu-mi). 


TjENISA. 


Ship, n. 


GW-ATO. 




U-kwembe (lu-zi). 






Isi-kepu. 




Shirk work, v. 


Balekelaumsebenzi. Tiza basa. 


Shirt, n. 


I-hembe {li-ma). 


I-HANZU. 


Shiver (with cold), t 


\ Quqa. 


BVUNDA. 


Shoe, n. 


I-nyatelo (li-ma). 


I-SHANGU. 


Shoot (of a pumpkin] 


), Um-libo (mu-mi). 


Mu-Dzi (mu-mi). 


n. 


In-tafia. 


M-TJEBO (mu-mi). 


„ (sprout), V. 


Hluma. 


TUNGA. 




Mila. 


Mbra. 


„ (with a gan). 


Dubiila.Posa.Tjaya.RoBA. Ridza. 


„ (with a bow). 


Tjoga. 


FURA. 


Short, ac7j. 


Fitjane. 


Fupi. 


Shorten, v. tr. 


Finyeza. 


KWINYIDZA. 




duma. 


GURA. 


Shot, n. 


Izi-fefe. 




Shoulder, n. 


I-hlombe (li-ma). 


I-PFUDZi (ri-ma). 




Um-kono (mu-mi). 


I-BiPiTO (ri-ma). 


Shoulder-blade, n. 


Isi-pana. 


I-BANDABUKO (ri-ma). 


Shout, V. 


Memeza (call). 


Danidza. 




Hlaba umkosi 


Shobedza. 




(alarm). 


Ridza mere. 


Shovel, n. 


Um-hlagnlo (mu-mi),Tji-MWAmo. 


Show, v., see "Shew 


." 




Shower of rain, n. 


Um-kizo (mu-mi). 


Pfuna, v. 


see also " Rain." 






Shrewd, adj. 


Hlaganipa, v. 


Tjenjera, v. 



Shr 



( 111 ) 



Sin 



EKOLISH. 

Shriek, v. int. 



Eala. 



Shrink, r. int. Ncipa. 

Shrub, n. Isi-nlahlana. 

Shrug the shoulders, Hloba amahlombe. 

V. 

Shun, V. tr., see "Avoid." 



8HUMA. 
RlRA. 
TjEMA. 

Shomaxa. 

MU-TI. 

ZUZUMA MAPFUDZI. 



Shut, V. tr. 
Sick, to be, v. 
Sickness, n. 



Vimba. 



ijif. 



Sick person, v. 
Side, n. 

., on one, ad 
.. on tills. 
., on that. 



,. on the rijiht 
., „ lefr. 

„ of, by the. 

., of the body, 

., of meat. 

., with, v.. 
Sieve, n. 

Siph, V. int. 
Sign, n. 
Signal, V. 
Silence, r. tr. 

„ n. 
Silent, adj. 

,, person. 
Similar, adj. 
Sin, V. int. 

„ n. 
Sincere, adj. 



Sinew, 71. 



Vala 
Quia 

Ugu-gnla. Bu-hlunu 
Um-kuhlane. 
grnlayo. 
I-nxanye. 
I-cele {li-7na). 
i&anxaiiye gn... 
Naneno gu... 
Nale gu... 
Napambili gn... 
Napetjeya gn... 
Nagwesognnene gu.., 
NagwesoKohlo gu... 
Eceleni gn... 
U-hlafioti (hi-zi). 
Um-hlnbulo (mu-mi) 
see 'Take part with." 

U-komane {lu-zi). 

Hlufinla. 

Seseta. 

Pefnmnla. 

U-pau {hi-zi). 

dweba. Biza. 

Tnlisa. 

Ugrn-tula. 

Tula, r. 

Umuntn tulayo. 

Fanana, r. 

Ona. Enza gubi. 

Eqa umlayo. 

Is-ono. Ugn-bi. 

Lnfia, r. 

Um-sipa (mu-mi). 



Zhura. Bviga. 

GWARA. 
.Tjl-GWERE. 

MU-GWERE. 

N-TOME. 

RU-TIBI. 

Pa rutibi pa... 
Gtno gu... 
Guy A GU... 
T^akoko gu... 
Pamiri pa... 
norudhli. 
norumoh^ve. 
Pa rutibi pa... 



M-BABVA. 

RU-SERO. 
KULUSA. 
ZUNGURA. 

Fema. 

mu-tsetse. 

Dana. 

Nyarisa. 

gu-nyaraha. 

Nyarara, v. 

MuNU u NO nyarara. 

Fana, v. 

IsA. Tadza. 

Tjinya. 

Gu-ipa. 

RURAMA, r. 

Gadza moyo. 
I-oanyu (ri-ma). 

RU-TSINOA. 



Sin 



( 142 ) 



Ski 



ENGLISH. 

Sing, V. int. 



Singe, V. tr. 
Single, adj. 

Sink, V. int, 

Sister, n. 
Sit, V. 

„ comfortably. 

„ huddled up. 

„ cross-legged. 
„ (of hens). 
Site, deserted, n. 

Six, adj. 
Size, n. 

Skarum, n. 
Skilful, adj. 



Skim, V. tr. 
Skin, n. 

„ cast off, n. 

„ v.tr. 

„ hurriedly. 

„ to cast (its). 

„ to .scrape a. 

„ to rub with 

stone. 

„ to curry. 

„ -scrapings, n. 

„ (apparel). 

„ (men's dress). 

see also " Tails." 



TEBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Hlahela. 


Imba. Omba. 


Huba (monotonous 




chant). 




HlYg'oma}-™^- 


Tjisa. 


Pisa. 


...edwa. 


...OGA. 


...odwa. 


...MNWB. 


Tjona. 


BiRA. 


Cwila. 


Nyuka. 


U-dade, pi. Odade. 


I-HANZWADZI. 


Hlala, pft' Hlezi. 


Gara, pft. Gere. 


Enaba. 


Tandabara. 


aotjama. 


TUMBA. 




TUNUMARA. 




FUNYA. 


Fugamela. 


FUGIDZIRA. 


I-nxiwa {li-ma). 


I-KURA {ri-ma). 


U-nxiwa {lu-zi). 


I-DONGO. 


Tantatiu 


Tanatu. 


Ubn-kuln. 


BU-KURU. 


Ubn-ncinyane. 


BU-DUKWANE. 


Isi-hon^o. 


M-SHASHA {mu-mi). 


Hlaganipa, v. 
"Uleminwe." 


TjENJERA, V. 


Nenjere. 




Ita madana. 


ngu-Maganipa. 


N-jere. 


Ongula. 


XJrura. 


Isi-koko. 


I-GANDA {ri-ma). 




I-GUGUTA {ri-ma). 


I-kasi {li-ma). 


I-zuBURWA {ri-ma). 


Hlinza. 


VlYA. 


Huhuza. 




Ebuza isikoko. 


SUBURA GANDA. 


Fala isikoko. 


Para ganda. 


a Kuhla isikoko. 


KWIZA GANDA. 


l^nga isikoko. 


SUGA GANDA. 


Ama-palo. 


Makusero. 


Amadumbu. 


I-MAPA. 




I-NEMBB. 


Ama-betju. 
Um-subelo. 


I-MEMHYE. 





Ski 



( 143 ) 



m 



EHQLISH. 

Skin (girl's dress). 



TKBELS. 

Isi-pipi {or Isi-bipi). 
I-ncubula. 
(women's dress).Isi-dwaba. 

I-pahu (li-ma). 
In-gubo. 
Um-godhla (mu-mi). 



„ blanket, n. 
„ sack, n. 

see also " Sack 
„ thong, n. 



Skip, V. int. 

Skirt a hill, v. 
Skull, n. 

Skulk, r. int. Nyenya. 

Skutter (as rats), v. Gk)goza 



Um-cilo {mu-mi). 

Eqa. 
Qolotja. 

Nciumisa intaba. 
U-kakayi {lu-zi). 



Sky, n. 
^lack, adj. 

see also " Loose.' 
Slander, r. tr. 



I-zulu {li-ma). 
Xega, V. 



Ceba. Hleba. 

Hula amanga. 

Nyeva. 
Slaughter, v. tr. Hlaba. 

Slave, n. Um-Butn. 

I-tiifia {li-ma). 

Li-noli. 
Sleek, adj. Nona, v. 

Sleep, n. Ubu-tofio. 

„ V. Lala ubutofio. 

see also '' Doze," Ozela. 

„ to start in. Panama. 

>leepy, adj. Lobutofio. 

Nzima. 
Slices, cut in, v. Tlaya. Tlola. 

Slice of meat, n. I-qata {li-ma). 



•lide, V. int. 



Tjelega, 



^link, V. int., see "Skulk." 
^lip. V. int., see "Slide." 
,, from the hand. Punyuga. 



8HUNX. 
I-SHASHIQO. 
I-HABI. I-GUPO. 
I-NERE. 
I-NAKU. 
I-DBBHVE. 
I-HOMO. 

M-8UNG0 {mu-mi). 
I-GA8HU {ri-ma). 

TjURUGA. 
PlYA NEGOMO. 

I-DEHENYA {ri-ma). 

I-TETENI. 

Nyanoa. 

I-DENOA {ri-ma). 
Nganuoa. 

Tjeta. 

Reba makowa. 

Baya. 

M-RANDA. 

I-NABHA {ri-ma). 

KORA, V. 

I- hope, 
Bata hope. 

GODZIRA. 

totomoga. 
Nehope. 

Bedzenga. 
I-NiNDi {ri-ma). 

(large). 
I-nango {ri-ma) ^ 

(small). 

S<>IK)M(>GA. 
TKDZKMrOA. 



Prnzi'MUOA. 



Sli 



( 144 ) 



Smo 



KNGLISH. T 

Slippery, be, v. int. Tjelega. 

Slit, V. tr. ' Dabula. 

Slope, V. int. Tezuga. 



„ (of a hill), n. TIm-teziigo. 
Um-genquga 
Slow (dilatory), culj. Libala, v. 
Slowly, adv. Bega nempe. 

see " Convalescent." 
Slug, n. 

Sluggishness, n. 
Sluggard, n. 

see " Idle." 
Sly fellow, n. 
Smack the lips, v. 
a whip. 



Small, adj. 
Smallpox, n. 



Um-nenke. 

Isi"densi. 

Li-vila. 

Isi-danda. 

Li-qili. 

Hlaousa umlomo. 

Kalisa umcilo. 

Ncinyane. 

Banzana. 

Isi-kwalipane. 

Isi-kwalimbane. 



Smart, v. 

„ (clever), adj 



Tjotjozela. 
Luma. Tja. 
Bukali. 
Hlaganipa, v. 
Pahlaza. 
Coba umzimba. 
Gudula Tunzimba. 
Tlinta umzimba. 
Sinda pansi. 
Tlinta pansi. 
a skin (with Ela isikoko. 



Smash, v. fr. 
Smear the body, v. 



the floor. 



Smell, V. Nuga. 

Zwa. 

Smelt iron, v. Futela insimbe. 

Smelting furnace, n. 
Smile, V. int. Hleg^a. 

Smith (blacksmith) n. I-lala. 
Smoke, n. In-tutu. 

.s-ee also " Rise." 
Smoke tobacco, v. Bema igwai. 



SHUNA. 

Tedza. 

DiMURA. 

Dendeluga 
kunguluga. 
Deruga. 
Ma-hwere. M-goba. 

I-DUNO. I-DENDELUGO. 

Fara, v. 

Ita mazhuba. 

KoNYEDANGA {rl-ma). 

I-siMBB (ri-ma). 

I-VEYA (ri-ma). 
Ita itso. 

RiDZA GASHU. 
DUKWANE. 

I-NUMBA. 

i-nombana. 

Tji-kwangwa. 

Banda. 

RUMA. TSA. 
TjENJERA, V. 

Bhanya. 

ZhORA MBIRI, 



BUWA PAST. 
DZURURA PAST. 
DZURA GANDA. 

NUHWA. 
WlDZA. 
Pfuta BUTARI. 

i-bira. m-biri. 

Sega. 

I-MIZHA. 
BU-TSI. 

SUTA FODYA. 



Smo 



( 145 ) 



Snu 



ENGLISH. 

^raoking horn, n. 
>inoothe, v. tr. 

Smother, v. tr. 

^mudge, V. tr.' 

see also ''SoiV 
Snail, n. 

„ shell, n. 
Snake, n. 
Snap tiugers, v. 

„ (break), v. int. 
iJnare, v. tr. 
„ n. 

„ (a pit for 
game), 
(falling block). 
M (twigs and 
noose for 
birds). 
Snarl, v, int. 

see also " Growl." 
Snatch, v. tr. 
Sneak, v. int. 
"^neeze, v. 
Sniflf (of dogs), i\ 
„ (up snuff, etc.). 



k Snore, v. int. 
Bnort, see " Sneeze." 
Bnout, n. 
Snuff, n. 
., to take, V. tr. 
„ up remains of 
a " pinch." 
to grind. 

„ to give, V. tr. 
„ box, n. 
small. 



I-gndu (li-ma). 
Lolona. 
Tjelezega, r 
Kama. Hitja. 

Ona. 

Ninda. 

Um-nenki {mu-mi). 

In-kumba. 

I-nyoga. 

Tjaya umu-nwe. 

Dansula. 

Tiya. 

Um-tiyo. 

I-hopo. 

IJm-knhla {mu-mi). 
Um-jibila {mu-mi). 



Hwapela. 

Tatela. 
Nyenya. 
Timula. 
Tunata. 
Bema igivai. 
Fola igwai. 
Hotja igwai. 
Hoqa. 



Im-pumulo. 
I-grwai ili-ma). 
Fola igwai. 
Kwica igwai. 

Cola igwai. 
Sila igwai. 
Bemisa. Tjiyela. 
Um-fugo { mu-mi). 
Um-fece {mu-nu). 



8HUHA. 
I-GONANOMBE(rt-Wia). 
DZURA. 

BUYANA. TbDZA, V. 
DZIPA. 
FUMBA. 
ISA. 

I-IIOMBA. 

Maibehomba. 

I-NYOGA. 
RiDZA MABOKO. 

Teya. 

I-HUZHA. 

MU-KUNI. 
RU-GOMBE. 

vurumira. 

bvutira. torera. 
Nyanqa. 

tsimura. hotsira. 
Femedza. Fefeta. 

SlTTA FODYA. 
NONWA FODYA. 
PfUTA FODYA. 

Ma-kwiriri (n.), e.g. 
V namakwiriri = 
he snores. 

Mi-no. 

I-FODYA {ri-ma). 

SUTA FODYA. 
FbFBTA FODYA. 

GWIYA FODYA. 

SUTIDZA. 
TjI-BAKO. 

M-FBiiLE (mu-mi). 

L 



So 



( 146 ) 



Son 



ENGLISH. 


TEBKLE. 


SHUNA. 


So, adv. 


Njalo, e.g. Gu 


Kakare. Daro. 


7 


njalo=it is so= 


ZWA KA DARO. 


„ great. 


Ngaga. 


Ngapa. 


„ small. 


Nganana. 


Ngapana. 


„ many.) 
„ much./ 


Ngaga. 


Ngapa. 


Ti. 


Di. 


A boy so big! 


Umfana nngaga ! 


Mkomana u ri 


(showing). 




ngapa ! 

:^^OMBE DZI DI ! 


So many cattle ! 


Inkomo zi ti ! 


(showing). 






Soak, V. tr. 


Enya. 


Shasha. 


„ V. int. 


Neta. 


Na. 


see also " Steep." 






Soap, n. 


TJm-lota {mu-mi). 


I-ROTA {ri-ma). 


Soft, adj. 


Butagataga. 


Nyoro. 


Soften, V. tr. 


Tambisa. 


Nyorobisa. 


Softness, n. 


Ubu-tagataga. 


BU-NYORONYORO. 


Soil, V. tr. 


Ninda. Ona. 


ISA. BOMA. ZaDZA. 


„ n. 


In-hlabati. 


M-SETjE {mu-mi). 


)j 




I-vu {ri-ma). 


„ (sandy). 


Isi-Mabati. 


M-SETJE. Ivu. 
M-KUTU {mu-mi). 


„ (red). 


Isi-bomvu. 


M-KULA {mu-mi). 


„ (black). 


Isi-daga. 


I-KAKATA. I-DOBORO. 


Solder, n. 


I-nuso. 




Soldier, n. 


I-buti {U-ma). 
*' I-soji." 




Solitary, adj. 


...odwa, ...edwa. 


...OGA. 




Lesizufiu. 


Shurigirwa, V. 




e.g., I only=Ni fi.e- 






dwa= 


Ndi ri ndoga. 


Some, adj. 


...nye. Abantuban 


- ...MNWE. 




ye, some people = 


Banu bamnwe. 


Somebody, n. 


Umu-ntu. 


MU-NU. 


Something, n. 


Ulu-to. 


I-NUMBI. TjI-NU. 


Son, n. 


In-dodana. 






Um-fana. 


M-lisana. 




''UmfokaMhlaba. 


" M-KOMANA. 




= son of Umhlaba 


I. 


Song, TO. 


Isi-hlabelo. 


RU-OMEO. 




In-goma. 


RU-IYO. 


„ war song. 


I-hubo {U-ma). 


I-ngonlo. 



Soo 



( 147 ) 



Spa 



ENGLISH. 


TEBKLE. 


8HUMA. 


Soon, adr. 


Masinya, e.g. Come Gwazo. Zwinu. 




back soon = Buya 






masinya = 


DZOGA GWAZOGWAZO. 


Soot,n. 


Umu-li. 


Tji-nai. 


Soothe, V. tr. 


Tnlisa. 


Nyaradza. 




Ncibiligisa. 


Nyorobedza. 


Sorcerer, n. 


Um-tagati. 
Isi-londa. 


M-ROYI. 


Sore, n. 


Tji-ronda. 


„ (blister). 


I-tjatjaza {li-ma). 


I-MONE (ri-7na). 


M adj. 


Lobuhlunu. 


Nb-dzimbo. 


Sorry, to be, v. int. 


Dabuga. 


DiMUGA. 


Sorrowful, to be, v. 


Danisa. 


DZIRA. 

Swiba. 




Kala (cry). 


Tjema (cry). 


^Sort out, V. tr. 


Ketisa. 


Sharadza. 


pBort,«. 


U-hlobo {lu-zi). 


RU-DZI. 


Sot, n. 


Isidagwa. Isi-dagi 


. U NEBUSUGWA. 


Soul, 71. 


XJ-moya {nui-7ni}. 


M-OYO (mu-mi). 




Um-pefumnlo (wu- 


Mnw-eya (mu-nii). 




mi). 


Ma-femero. 


Sound (as rushing 


Duma. 


RlRA. 


water), v. int. 






„ (as the voice or 


Hlogoma. 


TiNIRA. 


a bell). 


Eala. 


RiDZA. 


„ (as of bees, etc.) 


. Tjitja, 
Um-smdo. 


No A. 


.. n. 


I-znoBA (ri-ma). 




U-dumo {lii-zi). 


I-TJIYA. RU-ZHA. 
I-MEREMERE. 


Soup, n. 


Um-hluzi {mu-mi). 


MU-TO. 
N-DUBIIYE. 


Sour, become, v. int. 


Hloba. 


Tjiruga. 


„ milk, n. 


Ama-si. 


M-KAKA MGOBVU. 


Source of a river, n. 


Lapa gu zalwa um- 
fula. 


Pa no zwargwa 




KWIZI. 


South, adj. 


Ezansi. 
Isi-nefiisimn, n. 


Zasi. 


Sow, r. 


Hlanyela. 

Kukuba (to sow a 
socond sowing). 


Zwara. 


Space, //. 


Um-kati (nut-mi). 


Tji-oara. 


«ce'' Interval,""! 


distance." 




Space of cleared Indawo e cajwayo. 


I-GOMBO (for a 


ground), n. 




garden) 



Spa 



( 148 ) 



Spi 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Space (left vacant, 


In-dawo. 


BU-GARA. 


or enclosed). 


Um-dana {mn-nii). 




„ within a space, 


Ili-ci. 


RU-BAHE. 


Spade, n. 


. I-kuba elamakiwa. 


I-BADZA {ri-ma). 


Span in, v. tr. 


Bopela. 


SUNGIRA. 


„ out, V. tr. 


Kumula. 


Shomora. 




Tugulula. 


SUNUNGURA. 


„ as a bridge, v.i. 


. Gunsnihala. 
In-hlansi. 




Spark (of fire), n. 


I-BARi {ri-ma). 






I-SASi (ri-ma). 


Sparkle, v. int. 


Kazimula. 


Naima. Penya. 


Sparrow, n. 


In-taga. 
I-fefe {li-ma). 


Ka-nzwidhla. 


Sparrow-hawk, n. 


Lu-helwane. 


RU-BANGU. 




I-matehene. 


Ka-rukodzi. 
Ka-gondamaswino. 


Spasm, n. 


In-kwashu. 


I-SWOTO. SWOTEWA, V. 


Speak, V. 


Kuluma. 


Reba. Reberbga. 
Rebetega. Bhere- 

GETA. 


Speak for, v. 


Kulnmela. 


Rebera. 


„ slowly, V, 


Kuluma u begs 


L Reba u iTA mazhuba, 



nempe. 
„ imperfectly as Kiliza. 
in a foreign 
language. 
Spear, n. Um-konto. 

„ V. tr. Gwaza. 

„ to throw, V. tr. Ciba umkonto. 
Species, n. U-hlobo (lu-zi). 

Speck, n. In-hlamvana. 

Speech, n. Ugu-kuluma. 

Ul-imi (lu-zi). 
Speed, n. I-jubane (li-ma). 

see also " Quick," " Rapid." 
Spider, n. Is-ayobe. 

Spider's web, n. TJbu-lembu. 



Spill, V. tr. 



Cita. 



Spin (cotton, etc.), v. Pota. 
Spinach, wild, n. Im-buya. 



I-PFUMO (ri-ma). 
Baya. 
Kanda pfumo. 

RU-DZI. 

GU-REBA. 

RU-RIMI. 

RU-NO. I-DOBO. 

RU-BIRO. M-SHOKA. 

TjI-BUBE. TjI-FURU. 

I-TANDEMTANDE 

(ri-ma), 
I-DANDADZi (ri-mxi). 
Tebura, 
Mnraya, 

KOSHA. 



I 



( U9 ) 



Spr 



K2fOLI8H. TKBKLK. 

Spine, n. Um-gogodhla {inu- 

ini). 
Spirit, n., see " Soul," " Shade," '* Ghost." 
Spirt (as from the Dzaga. 
mouth), V. Cinsa. 
Spit, V. Kafula. 

Eafala mate. 
see also " Expectorate." 
Splash water, v tr. Tjayela amanzi. 

„ through mud, r.Daxazela esidageni. 
Splice, V. tr. Tanda. 

Splinter, n. U-vamva {lu-zi). 

U-cezu {lu-zi). 
Split (wood), V. tr. Banda. 

(feathers), v tr. Daza. 



Spoil, V. tr. Ona. 

Onisa. 
Spoon, n. U-kezu [lu-zi). 

Spoor, n. Ama-sonda. 

,, to follow, L*. Landa amasondo. 
Sport, V. int. Dhlala. 

„ (hunt), V. Jama. Zinela. 
^ „ n. I-iumo. 
Spot, n., see " Dot," '' Place." 
Spout out, V act. Dzaea. 
Sprain, v. tr. Apuia. Nyela. 

Spread (increase), v.i. Anda. 
(of a sore). Anda. 

Pipidhla. 
news. Caya indaba. 

.. blanket to dry. Caya ingubo. 

Enega ingubo. 
.. a mat Andhlala icansi. 

„ out grass (to Andhlala utjani. 
dry). 
Spring, V. int. Eqa. 

„ forthof water, Kopoza. 
„ back, rebound, Jubuluga. 
Tanya, 
a leak. Vuza. 

„ (the season), n. Isi-limo. 

Gu hluma izihlahla. 



8HUMA. 

m-shongoshonoo. 
m-zongosa. 

Pfira. 

SWIPA. 

Pfa mate. 
Pfira mate. 

Tsatsira mvura. 

DiRA MVURA. 

POMBA. 
RU-BAXZU. 
I-KWAXZU. 
KWAMURA. 

Banzura. 

Parura. 

IsA. Tadza. 

Tjinya. 

eu-go. ru-gwaku. 

RU-SHOGA. 

RONDA rusho(;a. . 

DZANA. TaMBA. 
ViMA. 



SwiPA. 

VlTNA. KUBADZA. 

Wanda. 

MS W AUG A. 

Raxyexga. 

NiGA MASHOKO. 

Nig A XGUBO. 

War A BOXDE. 
Pasaxura buhwa. 

Tjuruga. A<;iii\ 

BVIRIRA. 

DZUXGURUGA. 

TlNUGA. 

BVINZA. 

I-NAGA. 

Gu TUSOA MITI. 



Spr 



( 150 ) 



Sta 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. 

Spring (of water). Um-tombo {mu-mi). 

„ (of a trap). Um-tjibila {mu-mi). 

„ hare, n. U-mayelane {lu-zi). 

Sprinkle (water), v.t. Fafaza. 

„ (salt, etc.), V. ^r. Tjwaya. 
Sprout, V. int. Hluma. 

Spur (of a cock), n. Im-nondo. 

Um-qogodo {mu-mi) 
Spurn, V. tr. Delela. 

see also " Despise." Xotja. 
Sputter (as boiling Xapazela. 

water), v. Pupuma. 

Spy, V. tr. Hlola. 

„ w. I-hloli {li-ma). 

Squall, V. int. Kala. 

„ of wind, n. Isi-vnfiuzane. 



Squash, v. tr. 
Squat, V. int. 

Squeak, v. int. 
Squeeze, v. tr. 



BoMoza. 
dotjama. 

Eala. 

Bandezela. 

Cindezela. 



„ (wring). 
Squint, v. int. 



Kama. 

Amehlo ayatjilana, 
I-iixwala=a person 
who squints. 
Stab, V. tr. Hlaba. Gwaza. 

Buguda. 
Staff, n. Um-qwai (mu-mi). 

see "Rod," "Stick." U-dondolo (lu-zi). 
Stage (for watching In-galane. 
corn), n 



Stagger, v. int. 

Stake, n. 

Stale, adj. 
Stalk game, v. tr. 



Tatazela. Daizela. 
duqazela. 
Isi-bonda. 
Isi-godo. 
Dala. 

Nyenyela inyama- 
zane. 



SHUNA. 
I-TSIME. 
RU-GOMBE. 

i-nire.- i-kwizu. 
Shasha. Mnraya. 
Mnwamnwaza. 
Nyenyira. Rung a. 

TUNGA. 
TjIM-BE. 

SODZA. 

ZWIDZA. TaNDA. 

Fanza. Gwata. 
Shapaira, Tutuma. 
Shora. 
I-SHORi (ri-ma). 

RlRA. TjEMA. 

I-MEPO. 

Tj-AMPUPUDZI. 

Ka-mungwe. 
Bhanya. 

FUNYA. TuMBA. 
TUNUMARA. 
TjEMA. RlRA. 

Bandidzira. 

dzanyidzira. 

tsambidzira. 

SWINA. 

Meso a no REYANA. 



Baya. 

M-DONZO. 
M-HARAKO. 

I-DARA (ri-ma), 

DZUGUNYIGA. 

I-BANGO (ri-m,a). 
I-DANDA (ri-ma). 
Kare. 
Nyanga muka. 



Sta 



( 151 ) 



8te 



I 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


SUUKA. 


Stalk (dry, of mealier 


j,U-Malia(/i^-2e). 


RU-SHANGA. 


etc.), n. 




I-GONJE {ri-ma.) 


„ of grass, n. 


TJ-hlafia Iwotjani. 
Ubu-tjani. 


RU-HWA. 


„ of pumpkin, n. 


Ifigono yetana. 


M-GONYO YENANGA. 


Stallion, n. 


In-kunzi yepiza. 


I-HANDIRA. 


Stammer, v. 


Kakamela. 


Netjirimi, adj. 
Kakoma. 


Stammerer, n. 


Im-bebebi. 


MU-KOKOMI. 


Stamp corn, v. tr. 


Giga amabele. 


DZURA MAPFUNDE. 


„ clothes ( = man 


- Nyatela amalembu. 


TSAMBA JIRA. 


gle). 




TSIGA JIRA. 


Stamping block, n. 


In-gi^a, 


I-DURI. 


,, pole, 71. 


Um-ffigo. 
Vimba igazi. 


Mu-si. 


Stanch blood, v. tr. 


DZIBA ROPA. 


Stand, V. 


Ma, imper. mana 
and ema. 


MiRA. 


„ firm. 


(Una. Simana. 


SiMA. SiMBA. 


M up. 


Sug^ima. 


MiRIGA. 


„ (endure). 


Begezela. 


Nyarara. 


„ in line. 


Enza uluhlu. 


Ita RUNDA. 




Qela. 


Talabuoa. 


„ up for a person. 


Mela umuntu. 


MiRIRA MUNU. 


Star, 71. 


In-kanyezi. 


I-nyenyedzi. 


„ morning. 


In-kwekwizi. 


I-NYAMA8ASA. 


„ evening. 


I-celankobi. 


I-MASA8B. 


Stars, " Pleiades," 7j. 


, Isi-limela. 


M-TANATU. 


„ in " Orion's 


i In-gulube. 


N-JJLRI. 


sword." 






„ in " Orion's 


i Izi-nja. 


Im-bha. 


belt." 






Stare at, v. tr. 


Bnga. 


Nanoanidza. 




Talaza. 


Tarisa. 


Start (on a .journey), 


Suga. 


MiRIGA. 


?'. int. 


ftofia (suddenly). 


SlMUGA. 


„ in fright. 


Etuga. 


VUNDUOA. 


«eca/»o** Sleep.' 


> 


TOTOMOGA. 


„ up (as game). 


Vuga. 


MUOA. 


StarUe, v. tr. 


Etusa. 


VUNDUDZA. 
TOTOMODZA. 


Starve, v. int. 


Fa fiendhlala. 


Fa nezhara. 




Bulawa ipa&o. 


BURAWA ZHARA. 



State, n., see " Condition." 



Sta 



( 152 ) 



Sti 



SNGLISH. 


TEBBLE. 


SHUNA. 


Station, n. 


Umu-zi. 


MU-SHA. 




In-dawo. 


BU-GARU. 


Stay (sit, abide), v. 


Hlala. 


Gara. 


„ (wait). 


Sala. 


TSARA. 


„ (prop), n. 


In-siga. 


M-BIRU. 


Steadfast,! ,. 
Steady, j^-^- 


aina, V. 


SlMBA, V. 


Steal, V. tr. 


Eba. Tata. Huga, 
Qwaga (of children) 
Hwita (when owner 
sees). 


. Ba. Tapa. Tora. 


Steam, n 


Intutu yamanzi. 


MU-TSI WEMVURA. 


„ engine, n. 


I-sitima. 




Steep in water, v. tr. 


Enya emanzini. 


Nyiga mumvura. 




Netisa fiamanzi. 


Nyuridza nemvura, 




Tambisa iiainanzi. 




„ place, 71., .966 " 


Slope." 




Steinbok, n. 


I-nqina. 
Is-ahlunwane. 


I-MENE. 


„ Gry steinbok. 


TiMBA {ri-ma). 


Stench, n. 


U-hlofu {lu-zi). 


GU-NUHWA. 


see " Odour." 






Step, V. int. 


Nyatela. 


TSIGA. 


„ up. 


Kwela. 


KWIRA. 


„ down. 


Ehlela. 


BURUGA. 




Ehliga. 


Deruga. 


„ backward. 


Hamba nyovane. 


Enda neshure. 
Famba mzongoga. 

SUDUBUGA. 


Sterility, n. 




I-MANJE {ri-ma). 


Stew, V. tr. 


Pega. 


BiGA. 


Stick, n. 


Ulu-ti. 


Tji-kuni. 


„ "Shillelagh." 


In-tofia. 


I-swiMBO {ri-ma). 


., "kerry"with In-dngu. 


I-SWIMBO. 


knob. 






,J long walking. 


TJ-dondolo {lu-zi). 


N-DONZO. 




Um-qwai {mu-mi). 


M-BATA. 


., of shield. 


Um-gobo {mu-mi). 




„ for stirring 


• I-pini {li-ma). 


M-GOTI. 


the pot. 






„ for digging 


: Isi-mbo. 


Tji-gawa. 


holes. 




Tji-raya. 


,, in a cow's 


; Um-kala {mu-mi). 


Gw-ahuri. 


nose. 







Stl 



( 153 ) 



8tb 



ENGLISH. TKBELE. 

Stick {tidhere),v. inf. Namatela. 
„ in (of a needle), Hlaba. 
„ in the soil, r.i. Hlomega. 
., „ V. tr. Hloma. 

„ (in the throat), Hitja. 

V. int. 
„ (in the mud, of Banjwa. 
awagon), t?.e. 
Sticky, ftdj. Lnnama, v. 

Stiff, culj. Lukuni. 

Stifle, V. tr, Kama. 

Still, adv. Sa used as an aua:. v. 

e.(/. Ni sa gula, = I 
am still iil = 
Sting, V. tr. Luma. 



„ n. 
Stingy, adj. 
Stink, V. inf. 
Stint, V. tr. 
Stir the pot, v. tr. 

„ the fire. 

„ up water. 

„ up a row. 



Stirring stick, n. 
Stitch, V. tr. 

„ in the side, n. 
Stock (handle), n. 
Stomach, n. 



U-donsi (lu-zi). 
Ncitjana, v. 
Nuga. 
Ncitia. 

Bonda imbiza. 
Kwezela nmlilo. 
Dufia amanzi. 
Piga inkani. 
Xabanisa. 

I-pini {li-ma). 
Tufia. 
Isi-hlabo. 
Um-pini (inU'nii). 
Isi-su 



„ contents of IJm-swani (wim-wi). 
slaughtered ani- 
mal's. 
Stone, n. Hi-tje. 

„ for the heartli, n.Ama-sego, pi. 
„ of corn mill, 

lower large. Ili-tje logiisila. 
„ upper small. XJm-'pohoto in u -mi). 
Stony, adj. Lamatje. 



8HUKA. 

Namatira. 
Baya. 

SiMIGA DZIGA. 
BaYIRIRA SIMIRA. 

tsindira. 
Kapita. 

Batwa. 

Nambuga, v. 

GUGUTU. 
DZIPA. 

TjA. Tji. 

NdI TJA GWARA. 

Ndurira. 

SURIRA. 
M-BORA. 

Nyima, V. 

NUHWA. 

Nyima. 

KODZONGA HARI. 
KUTSIDZIRA MOTO. 

Bvongodza MVURA. 
Ita daro. 
Ita nyaya. 

GWISANISA. 
M-GOTI. 

Pfuma. Sona. 
Tji-bayo. 

M-PINI. 
I-MIMBA. 
I-NUMBU. 
BU-RA. 



I-BHYE (ri-ma). 
Ma-pfiwa, pi. 

GW-IYO. 
HW-IYO. . 

Namabhye. 



Sto 



( 154 ) 



Str 



EMQLISH. 


TEBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Stool. V. int. 


Ya fiapandhle. 
Ya etafeni. 


Enda gunzhe. 


„ 71. 


Isi-hlalo. 


Tji-garo. 


Stoop, V. int. 


Kotama. 


KONDAMA. 


Stooping, to go, V. int. Totoba. 


Nangaira. 


Stop (hinder), v. tr. 


Tinta. 


DZORA. DZIBISA. 




Vimbela. 


Tina. 


„ a hole or gap 


, Vimbela isikala. 


DZIBIRA TJIBURI. 


„ a road, v. tr. 


Vimbela indhlela. 


DZIBIRA NZHIRA. 

Shoshera nzhika. 


„ cease to go, v.i 


. Ema. 


MiRA. 


„ cause to, v. tr. 


Misa. 


MiRIDZA. 


„ (at a place), v. tr. Hlala. Sala. 


Gara. Tsara. 


„ (leave off). 


Yegela. 
, Pelisa. aeda. 


Eega. 


„ (put an end to), 


Pedza. 


Stopper, n. 


Isi-vimbo. 


Tji-dzibiro. 


Store house for Im-palane. 




shields, n» 






Stork, n. 


Ili-ngabuzane. 


I-DAMBIDZAMROBI 

{ri-ma). 


Storm, n. 


Isi-pepo. 


Lmepo. 


see also " Gale." 






Story, n. 


I-pufio {li-ma). 


I-NAWU. 




In-daba. 


Ma-shoko. 


Stout (strong), adj. 


aata. 


SiMBA, V. 




Lamandhla. 


GOBVU. 


„ (corpulent). 


Nona, V. 
Gabela. 


KORA, V. 


Straddle, v. int. 


Taswa. 


Straggle, v. int. 


Citega. 


Parara. 


Straight, adj. 


Qonda.v. Ti tlwi, e.^r. Eurama, v., Ti tasa. 




Indhlela iyaqonda, 


, NZHIRA YA KA RU- 




i ya ti tlwi. The 


RAMA I TI TASA. 




road is straight. 




Straighten a stick, v. 


. Fusa uluti. 




Strain (beer), v. tr. 


Cefia. Hluza. 


SWINA. MiMINA. 


„ in vomiting, i?.2.Goiiyiila. 


RUTSA. 


„^ in dysentery. 


Kanula. 


GOMERA. 


Strainer, n. 


Isi-hluzo. 


TjI-SUNGURO. 

Tji-swinu. 


Stranger, n. 


wemizi. 
wezizwe. 




Strap, n. 


Um-cilo {mu-mi). 


I-GASHU {ri-ma). 




U-zwezwe {lu-zi). 


RU-ANDA. 



Str 



( 155 ) 



8tr 



ENGLISH. 

Straw, n. 

see " Reeds." 
Stray, v. int. 
Streak, n. 
Stream, n. 

Strength, n. 
Strengthen, r. t7\ 
Stretch, v. tr., see ' 
,, out hand. 



TEBKLE. 

U-tjani {bu). 

Ama-hlafia. 

Tnha. 

Umu-dwa. 

Isi-fndhlana. 

Ama-ndhla. 
Niga amandhla. 

Elula isandhla. 



„ at one's ease, Enaba. 
V. int. 

„ after sleep. Lulama. 

Strew, V. tr. Cita. 

Strife, n. In-kani. 

Strike, v. tr. Beta. Kanda. Tjaya. 

,, (of the sun). Beta. Balela. 

String, n. In-tambo. 



Strip off skin, v. tr. 
„ off hair. 
„ off bark. 



„ oflf thatch. 
„ offmealies. 

„ naked. 

„ of calico, n. 

„ (of a garden). 
Strips, to cut into. 

V. tr. 
Strive, v. int. 
Stroke, v. tr. 
Strong, adj. 

Strong place, a, n. 
Struggle, V. int. 



Hlinza inkomo. 
Fusa uboya. 
Ebula inxoza. 
Hluba inxoza. 
Fusa inxoza. 
Xebula inxoza. 
Fuza indhlu. 
Hulula umumbu. 

Hlnbula iziqogo. 

In-daza. 
I-qele {li-ma). 
In-dima. 
Befia ( isikoko). 
Tlaya (inyama). 
Zama. Lifia. 
Esula. 
Lamandhla. 
data, V. 
I-nqaba. 
Tjibiliga. 



BHUHA. 
BU-HWA. 

Ma-shaSa. 

TSABUGA. 
M-TSET8B. 
KWI-ZANA. 
RU-KOBA. 

Ma-simba, 

SiMBISA. 

Tamura boko. 
Tasanura boko. 
Tandabara. 

Tambanudza, 
Tebura. 
I-maka. I-daro. 

I-NYAYA. 

BoNDA. Pfura. Roba. 
Pisa. 

M-SUNGO. 

Mu-koshi {mu-mi). 

VlYA NOMBE. 
BVURA MAKUSI. 

Buura qodzi. 
subura godzi. 



Pfurunyura imba. 
Tjogonyora 

tjibakwe. 

BiSA HANZU. 
SUBURA HANZU. 
RU-NDAZA. 
N-JIRA. 
N-DIMA. . 

Bedzenoa. 

Idza. Nyemudza. 

PI8IOA. 

Namasimba. 

GOBVU. SiMBA, V. 

I-GOMO. 

DZUGUNTIQA. 



Stu 



( 156 ) 



Sun 



£NOLI8H. 


TEBKLE. 


SHDNA. 


Stuff (as a bag with Hlohla. 


Paga. 


corn), V. tr. 




TSOGERA. 


Stuffed up (as the Vimbana (impu- 


■ DZIRIRA. 


nose with a cold) 


mulo). 




V. inL 






Stumble, v. int. 


Kubega. 


KUNWA. 


Stump of a tree, n. 


Isi-punzi sesihiahla. Tji-gwenzi tjomuti. 




Isi-qu sesihiahla. 


GUDZA ROMUTI. 


„ of a tooth. 


Im-pande yezinyo. 


MUDZI WEZINO. 


Stupid (person), n., see " Fool." 




Stutter, see " Stammer." 




Subdue, v., see " Overcome." 




Submit, V. int. 


Konza. Vumela. 


BVUMIRA. 


Substance, n. 


Um-zimba. 


M-BIRI. 


Succeed, v., see "Obtain," "Overcome." 




„ one another Elamana. 


Teberana. 


in birth. 


Landelana. 




Suck (of infants), v. 


Munya. 


Mnwa. 


„ (of calves, etc.), 


, Anyisa. 


Mnwa. 


„ as through a 


, Hubula. 


PUTA. SWETA. 


pipe), V. tr. 






„ (as a sweet), v. 


Mumnza. 


:^USUNA. 


Suddenly, adv. 


Kanye. 


Kamnwe. 




Hlaluga,?;. (=to ap- 






pear suddenly). 




Suffer, V. int. 


Hlagazega. 


TSOTSOMERGWA. 


Sufficient, adj. 


Nefii. 


Zhinzhi. 


Suffocate, v. 


Hitja. Kama. 


FUMBA. DZIPA. 


Suitable, be, v. int. 


Fanela. 


Fanira. 
Enzana. 


Sulk, V. int. 


Donda. 


Nobusimbe, adj. 




Sinama. 


TSAMNRA. 


Sultry weather, n. 


Isi-kudumezi. 


Ma-dziya. 


Summer, n. 


I-hlobo {li-ma). 


I-ZHiZHA {ri-ma). 


Summit, n. 


I-hlogo. 


M-SORO. 


Summon, v. tr. 


Biza. 


Dana. 




Memeza. 


Shobedza. 


Sun, n. 


I-lafia {li-ma). 


I-ZHUBA {ri-ma). 
I-zwari {ri-ma). 


Sunbeams, n. 


Indhlela zelafia. 


Misebe yezhuba. 


Sunday, n. 


Ilafia elikulu. 


I-ZHUBA KURU. 


Sunset, n. 


Intjonalana. 


GU BVIRIRA ZHUBA. 


Sunrise, n. 


Impumalatia,. 


GU Bud A ZHUBA. 



Sap 



( 157 ) 



Swa 



ENGLISH. TKBEI.E. 


BHUNA. 


Superintend boys, v. Linda abafana 


RiNDA BAKOMANA. 


tr. {or izibeleki). 




„ work. Pata nmsebenzi. 


Bata BASA. 


Superior, orf/., see ''Surpass.' 




Supplj', V. tr. Pa. 

Niga. 
Support (as a pillar), Segela. 
V. tr. 
„ a feeble person. Pata Tununtu. 


Pa. 


DZIGIDZA. 


Nangaidza munu. 


see also " Bear." 




„ (nourish). Ondhla. 


Rera. 


„ n. In-siga. 


M-BIRU. 


„ (forked pole). I-baxa (li-via). 


I-MANDI. 


Suppose, V. ifit. Ti. 


Ti. 


5ec" Think." 




Suppress, V. tr. Ahlula. 


KONA. 


see also "Overcome." 




Suppurate, v. Bibidhla. 


BOBODA. 


see ai.to " Discharge." 




Sure, adj. Cliiia, v. 


SiMBA, V. 


«€€ a^o " Certain." Gu qiiiile = it is 




sure = 


ZWA KA SIMBA. 


Surely, adv. [fi'oqoto. 


ZOKWADI. 


Sibili. 


GWAZO. 


Surireon, n. I-nyafia. 


I-naSga. 


- \,adj. Lolaka. 


Nehasha. 


-name, w. Isi-bono. 


M-TUPO. 


Surpass, v. Dhlula. 


Pfubura, Pinda. 


The comparative degree is expressed in 


.several ways, especially 


by the use of "gn," " ou," see "Sentences," section 9. 


Surprise, v. tr. Mafialisa. 


Shamidza. 


Surrender, v. tr. Nigela. 


Pa. 


„ oneself. Zinigela. 


Zl-PA. 


Surround (as an im- Hanqa. 


GWASHA. PlYA. 


pi), V. tr. 




„ (as people sitting Pabla. 


PlYA. 


round an in- 


Komba. 


duna). 




„ («8 with a rope). Zufielezela. 


Tkndenedza. 




POTEREDZA. 


Swmllow, 71. U-konjane (lu-zi). 




„ V. tr, Ginya. 


Mbdza. 


Swamp, n. Ama-xapozi. 


Ma-tbte. 


«C«"BQg." 





Swa 



( 158 ) 



Tak 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Swarm of bees, n. 


Isi-xugn senyosi. 


I-NUMBU YENYOTJI. 


Sway to and fro, v. 




Nemberera. ' 


int. 






Swear, v. int. 


Fu&a. 


PiGA. 1 
DZIYA. ^ 


Sweat, V. int. 


Ginqa. Juluga. 




Tuguta. 


NURUGA. 


„ n. 


Isi-tugutugn. 
Tanyela. 


I-DziYA (ri-ma). 


Sweep, V. tr. 


TSWAIRA. 


Sweet, adj. 


Mnandi. 


Naka, v. 


„ potato, 71., see 


: "Potato." 




„ reed, n. 


I-mfe. 


I-BHE (ri-ma). 


Swell, V. int. 


Vuvuga. 
. I-tumba. 


ZWIMBA. 


Swelling (tumour), n 


M-OTA {mu-mi) ; pi. 






MOTA. 


Swerve, v. int. 


Pambuga. 


TSABUGA. 


Swift, adj. 


Lejubane. 


NO-MSHOKA. 


see also " Rapid." 






Swim, V. int. 


Hlamba. 


Shamba. 

Ita mtjayira. 


Swindle, v. tr. 


Dhla. Yefia. 


Dya. Tjengedza. 


Swing, V. tr. 


Lefia. 


Nemberera. 


Switch, n. 


U-swazi {lu-zi). 


I-SHAMU (ri-ma). 


Swoon, V. int. 


Fa. 


Fa. 




Qalega. 


Batwa nedzwiyo. 


Sympathize, v. int. 


Kuza( = comfort). 


Teta. 




Zwela buhlufiu. 


NSKWIRA BUGWADZI, 


Syringe, v. tr. 


Tsagisa. 

T 


SWIPA. 


Table, n. 


In-galane. 


I-DARA {ri-ma). 


Tail, n. 


Um-sila. 


Mnw-isi. 




Isi-sila (of a bird). 


MU-SKWI. 


„ between the Subela umsila. 


BiNDIRA MNWISI. 


legs, to put V. 






Tails (ornamental Imi-nenyezane. 


Ma-mbvabva. 


male attire), n. 




Ma-tjobo, 


Take, v. tr. 


Tata. 


TORA. 


„ (receive). 


Amugela. 


Gamutjira. 


„ away. 


Susa. 


BiSA. 


„ off some fire. 


Susa mlilo. 


BURA MOTO. 


„ off the pot. 


Epula imbiza. 


BURA HARI. 



Tak 



( 159 ) 



Tea 



ENQLISH. 


TEBELE. 


SHUMA. 


Take leave. 


Valelisa. 


Onega. 


„ heed. 


aapela. Papa. Bona.TARisA. Bona. 


„ out thorns. 


Bafiala ameva. 


TOMBORA MIWA. 


„ part with. 


Hlafianyela. 


Shangaxira. 

KUTSIRA. 


„ by force. 


Tata fiamandhla. 


Pamba. 


„ to (carry to). 


Sana. Isa. 


ISA. 


„ down. 


Ehlisa. 


BURUT.SA. 


Tale, n. 


In-daba. 


Ma-shoko. 




I-pnfio {li-ma). 


I-NAWU. 


Talk, V. int. 


Kulnma. 


Reba. 


see also " Speak. 


M 




„ in sleep. 


Pupa. 
Badalaza. Beda. 


Rota. 


„ nonsens^e. 






Enza amabada. 




„ to oneself. 


Nyingiza. 


:^UlfUNA. 


Tall, adj. 


De. 


Refu. Kuru. 


„ person or animal 


. In-dekazi. 




Talon, n. 


U-zipo {lu-zi). 


RU-NZARA. 


"Tambootie grass." 


U-qufiu {lu-zi). 


I-SHABAHURU. 


Tame, adj. 


Tamba, v. 


Nyoro. 


„ V. tr. 


Tambisa. 


Nyoroba, v. 


Tan, v. tr. 


Tjuga. 


PiNOUDZA. SuGA. 


Tarantula, n. 


I-masnzela. 


I-DZWADZWADZWA. 


Tassel, n. 


I-gele {li-ma). 


I-NYERE. 


Taste, V. tr. 


Zwa. 


HWA. NSKWA. 


r „ V. int. 


Zwagala. 


HWIGA. NSKWIGA. 


K „ in the mouth, 


, Baba. 


Baba. 


B to have a bad. 






■ Tasteless, adj. 


" Ka gu zwaeali." 
Ama-dabudabu. 


" A ZWI NSKWIGI." 


^ Tatters, n. 


Ma-bvebvb. 


^^««ca/so"Rags." 






^BTattoo, V. tr. 




Nyora. 


^ Taunt, y., see "Tease." 




Tawny, adj. 


Mpofu. 


TSUKU. 


Tax, V. tr. 


Ketisa. 




„ to pay a. 


Keta. 


Shara. Peta. 




Tela. 


DiRA. 


„ n. 


Ama-keto. 


Ma-peto. 


Teach, v. tr. 


Fundisa. 


DziBi.siSA. Dzidzisa, 


Teacher, n. 


Um-fundisi. 


M-RAVI. M-DZIDZI8I, 


Tear (in two), »;. tr. 


Dabula. 


Parura. 




Dazula. 


Bvarura. Dimura. 



Tea 



( 160 ) 



Tha 



ESrOLISH. 


TKBELE. 


SHUN A. 


Tear into strips. 


Daza. 




„ (with claws 


or Dhlepnna. 




nails), V. 






Tears, n. 


I-nyembezi. 


Ml-SODZI. 


Tease, v. tr. 


Ganugisa. 


Nyemudza. 




Huga. 


KWIZA. 


Teat, n. 


Um-bele. 


M-NYATSO {mw-Tni). 


Tedious, adj. 


Libala, v. 


Fara, v. 


Teethe, v. int. 


Mila amazinyo. 
Puma amazinyo. 


Mbra meno. . 


Tell, V. tr. 


Tjela. 


BUDZA. 


„ lies. 


Qambamanga. 


Nybpa. Eebenema. 


„ tales. 


Ceba. 


Tjeta. 


Temper, good, n. 


Inhliziyo imhlope. 


MOYO MTJENA. 




Inhliziyo imnandi. 


MOYO WA KA NAKA. 


„ bad, n. 


Inhliziyo imnyama 


. MOYO U NEHASHA. 




Inhliziyo i lolaka. 


MOYO WA KA IPA. 




Inhliziyo imbi. 




Temperate, to be. 


V. Zihamha. 


ZiBADA. 


Temples (of the 


Ma-tjombb. 


head), n. 






Tempt, V. 


Yefia. 


Nyengedza. 




Kohlisa. 


Tjbngedza. 




Tiya. 


Teya. 




Tonsa. 


Kakata. 


Ten, adj. 


Tin mi. 

SofV'" Sore," "Young. 
Um-sipa {mu-mi). 


GUMI. 


Tender, adj., see " 


n 


Tendon, n. 


I-RONDA (ri-ma). 


see also " Sinew 


>» 


I-GANYU (ri-ma). 


Tent, n. 


I-tente. 


Imba yejira. 


„ of a wagon. 


U-pahla Iwenkolo. 
aeda. 




Terminate, v. tr. 


Pedza. 


„ V. int. 


Pela. 


Pera. 


sec aZ«o" End." 






Terrible, adj. 


Sabega {v.\ e.g. 
Guya sabega = it 


Hliga. Hyiga* 




is terrible = 


Zwi NO HYIGA. 


Territory, n. 


Um-hlaha {mu-mi). 
Ili-zwe. 


I-NYIGA. 


Terror, n. 


U-valo ilu-zi). 


I-HANA. 


Test, V. tr. 


Lifia. 


I-DZA, Nyemudza. 


Testify, v. tr. 


Fakaza. 


BUDZIRA. 


Than, canj. 


Gu. 


Pa. Gu. 



Tha 



( 161 ) 



Thi 



ENGLISH 

Thank, v. 



6HUNA. 
BOKA. 



r 



Bo&a. Tenda. 

Njeya (half- 
heartedly). 

That, cofij. Ugnba. Ug^ti. Guti. 

„ pron. Logo, etc. Ugo, etc. 

see table of demonstrative pronouns in " Notes." 

" That's all." Gu pela Gup elile. Ndizozo. 

" That's true." Kanti. 

Thatch, V. Fulela. Pfirira. 

Thatching board, u. Isi-tjayi. 

„ needle, n. U-sunulu (hi-zi), Ku-nziii. 

Thee, pron. Gu. Wena. Gu. Iwe. 

Their, pron., see table of possessive pronouns in " Notes." 
Them, pron. Ba. Bona. Ba. Abo. Wa 

Then, adv. Nkona. 

"...and then." Andubana. Ndiko. 

see also "Afterwards." 
There, adv. Konapo. Ko. Ikoko. 

" Over there." Le. Lapo. Po. Ipapo. 

"There it is." Nanko, etc. Ego, etc. 

see table of demonstrative pronouns in " Notes." 
Thereabouts, adv. i^Takona. Ko. 

Therefore, adv. ]&ako. Ndozwa. 

These, pj'on. Laba, etc. Aba, etc. 



Xekuko. 



see table of demonstrative pronouns in "Notes." 



They, pron. 
Thick, adj. 

„ (of vegetation) 
Thicken, (as of por 

ridge), v. int. 
Thicket, n. 
Thief, n. 
Thigh, n. 
Thin (slight), adj. 

„ (lean), adj. 

„ out (as growing Pufiula 
mealies), v. ir. 
Thine, pron. ...ko (suffix). 

seji table of possessive pronouns in 
Thing, n. In-to. 

Think, v. int. Ti. 

„ (ponder, qv.). Nagana. 



Ba. Bona, 
aata. 
Ena, r. 
Jiya. 

Is-andhle. 
I-sela (li-ma). 
Uni-lenzi imu-mi). 
Lnla. 
Caga, 



Ba. Wa. 

GOBVU. 

MUNDHWA. 

KORA. 



Abo. 



v. 



I-DONDO {ri-ina). 
I-BABVA \ri-ma). 

TjI-DHLA. 

Eeku. 

Onda, v. 

Tapudza. Taranoa. 



...KO (suffix). 

Notes." 
Tji-nu. 
Ti. Ni. 
Pfunga. 
Rangarira. 



Thi 



( 162 ) 



Thr 



ENGLISH. TKBELK. SHUNA. 

Thirsty, to bo, v. int. Oma. Lomhau, adj. Oma. Nenyota, adj. 
Thirst, n. Um-hau. I-nyota. 

This, 2)j'on. Logu, etc. Ugu, etc. 

see table of demonstrative pronouns in " Notes." 
Thong, n. Um-cilo (mu-mi). I-gashu {ri-ma) 

Thorn, n. Ame-va, 7>>Z. Mu-wa. 

„ take out, v. tr. Banula aineva. Tombora mi-wa. 

Those, pron. Labo, etc. Aba etc. 

see table of demonstrative pronouns in " Notes.'" 



Thou, pron. 

Thought, n. 

Thousand, n. 

Thrash, v. 

Thread (a needle), v. Hloma (umnxeba). 



U. Wena. 

Um-kumbulo. 

Isi-giti. 

Tjaya. 

"lie 



U. IWE. 



Eoba. 

TUNGIRA (RUDZINGO). 



Note the native idiom substituting "thread" for " needle." 



beads. 
n. 



Threaten, v. tr. 
Three, adj. 
Thresh (corn), v. 
Threshing-floor, n. 
Threshold, n. 

Thrice, adv. 
Thrive, v. int. 

Throat, n. 

see " Windpipe." 



Tufiela ubuhlalu. 

Um-nxeba. Ru-dzingo. 

I-GANYU {ri-ma). 
Layela. Bayira. 

Tatu. Natu. 

Bula. PuRA. 

Isi-za. Eu-WARE. 

Um-nyafio {mu-mi). M-koba {mu-mi). 

M-SUBO {mu-mi). 
Katatu. Kanatu. 

Kula (in growth). Kura. 
Nota (in wealth). Fuma. 
Um-pimbo {mu-mi). I-huro. 



„ to stick in, v. 


Hitja. 


Kapita. 


Throb (of the heart), 


Digiza. 


Pfura. 


V. int. 






„ (of a wound). 


Futela. 


GWADZA. 




Claqamba. 


DZIMBA. 


„ (of headache). 


Sagaza. 




Throttle, v. tr. 


Kama. 
Ka. 


Kapita. 


Through, adv. 




see also " Go throi 


igh." 




Throw, V. tr. 


Posa. 


Kanda. 


„ at. 


Posela. 


Kandira 


„ in (wrestling). 


Wisa. 


RiPA. 


„ away. 


Cita. 


Tebura. 




Lahla. 


Rasha. 



Vaira. 

DZIPA. 



Taya. 



Thr 



( 163 ) 



Ton 



ENGLISH. 


TKBELB. 


SHUHA. 


Throw do\\'ii. 


Diliza. 


KOROMORA. 




Wisa. 


Riga. 


„ the keriy. 


Jigijela. 


Kandira swimbo. 


„ down a load. 


Tinsila umtwalo. 


Kanda swingo. 


„ off (as an attack Uaja. 




of fever). 






„ the spear. 


Ciba nmkonto. 


Kanda pfumo. 


Thrust, V. tr., see. " Push," " Poke." 




Thumb, n. 


Isi-tnpa. 


Tji-kukurare. 


Thunder, v. 


Duma. 


TiNIRA. 


Thus, adv. 


Njalo. 


Kakare. Daro. 


Tliwart, r. tr. 


Tinta. 


Tina. 


Thy, pron.y see table 


! of possessive pronouns in "Notes." 


Tick (as a watch), v 


. Digiza. 


Pfura. 


„ (of sheep), n. 


Um-kaza. 


Tji-shamnre. 


Tickle, V. tr. 


Cambaza. 
dumbaqninba. 


TUBVUNYISA. 


Tidings, see " News.' 


n 




Tie, V, tr. 


Bopa. Kulega. 


SUNGA. 


„ a knot. 


Tegeleza. 


SUNGURIRA. 


Tiger, see " Leopard. 


» 




Tiger-cat, n. 


In-dhlozi. 


N-ZUNZA. 


Tight, adj. 
Timid, adj. 


Qina, v. 


SiMBA, V. 


Saba, V. 


Hya, V. 


Tin, n. 


I-naso. 




Tinder-box, n. 


Im-fugo yomlilo. 


In Y ERE YORUNSHE. 


Tip, n. 


Isi-hlogo. 


M-SORO. M-ROMO 

{mu-mi). 


Tiptoe, to stand, r. 




Tanugira. 


Tired, to be, v. 


Katala. Dinwa. 


Nyara. Neta. 


I am tired = 


m diniwe ^ 


Nda neta. 


To, prep. 


Gu. 


Mu. Gu. Hu. Pa. 


Toast, V. tr. 


Osa. 


Otja. 


Tobacco, n. 


I-gwai (li-7na). 


I-FOi)YA (ri-ma). 


To-dav, n. 


Lamuhla. 


Nasi. 


Toe, n. 


I-zwane Ui-ma). 


Tji-kunwe. 


Together (place), rtcfv. Endawonye. 


Panu pamSwe. 






PamS'We tjete. 


„ (time). 


Kanye. 


KamSwb. 


To-morrow, n. 


Umu-80. 
Gusasa. 


Mangwana. 


Tongs, n. 


Isi-bambo. 


M-BATO. 


Tongue, 11. 


Ul-imi (JH-zi). 


Rl -RIMI 



Too 



( 1(54 ) 



Tie 



ENaLISH. 

Tooth, n. 



I-zinyo (li-ma). 



„ to extract a, v. Kumula izinyo. 
Top, n. Isi-hlogo. 

„ of a hill, 71. In-hlogo yentaba. 

Top-knot of a mar- Isi-colo. 

ried woman, n. 
Torch, n. Isi-banego. 

Torment, v. tr. Hlupa. Bulala. 



SHUN A. 

ZiNO {ri-md). 
pi. Mbno. 

GURA ZINO. 

M-soRO {mu-mi). 

M-SORO. 

Wegomo. 
Tji-dodso. 



Tortoise, n. 
Toss, v. tr. 
Totter, V. int. 
Touch, V. tr. 
Toward, prep. 
Town, n. 
Track (spoor), n. 

„ (wagon), n. 
Train of people, n. 

,, (railway), n. 
cattle, V. tr. 



I-fadu. 
Posa. 
Totoba. 
Pata. 
^a gu... 
Umu-zi. 
I-sondo 
zana. 
Um-zila wenkolo. 
I-hele (li-ma). 
Lu-dwendwe. 
Inkolo yomlilo. 
Tambisa inkomo. 



TjI-VENEGO. 

Tambudza. 

BURAYA. 
I-AMBA. 

Kanda. 
Nangaira. 
Bata. 
Gu. 

MU-SHA. 

lenyama- Eu-shoga gwemuka. 



Trample under foot, Nyatela. 
V. tr. 

„ clay or mortar. Cuba iidaga. 
Translate, v. tr. Kulumela. 

Pendulela. 
Transplant, v. tr. Xumega. 
Transport (goods), v. Tuta. 
Trap (entrap), v. tr. Tiya. 

„ n. Um-tiyo. 

see " Snare." 
Travel, v. Hamba. Ya. 

Traveller, n. Um-hainbi. 

Tread, v. Nyatela. 

Treasure, see " Property." 
Tree, n. Isi-hlahla. 

Tremble, v. Tutumela. 

Trench, n. Um-sele. 

see " Channel." 



Ma-kwara enkoro. 

MU-DUNGWE. 



NyOROBEDZA INOMBE, 
PiNGUDZA INOMBE. 
TSIGA. DiNlDZA. 

Kanya dope. 
Reberegera. 



SiMA. 

Tama. 
Teya. 

MU-KUNI. 



RU-GOMBB. 



Famba. Enda. 

M-FAMBI. 

Tsiga. 
Mu-Ti. 

BVUNDA. 
MU-HOMBA. 



Tri 



( 165 ) 



Turn 



EKOLI8H. 


TEHELE. 


SHUN A. 


Tribe, n. 


U-hlobo {lu-zi). 


I-NYIGA (properly the 
country of the 
tribe). 




Isi-zwe. 


Rr-Dzi. 


Tributary, to be, v.«n/. Konza. 


Peta. 


Tribute, to pay, v. 


Keta. 


Peta. 




Tela. 


DiRA. 


Trick, V. tr. 


Gafia. 


Tapata. 




Kohlisa. 


Tjenoedza. 


Trifle, v. int. 


Dhlala. 


Tamba. 


TripTger, n., see " Gun." 




Trim, r. tr. 


Lnfiisa. 


Gadzira. 


Trip up, V. tr. 


Hitja. 


Ping A. 


Tripe, n. 


Ulu-sn. 


I-GURU. 


Troop (of soldiers),;* 


. Isi-gaba. 


I-Bioo (ri-ma). 


see also " Company." 




„ (of animals). 


Um-hlambi {mu-mi, 


). I-DANGA. 


Troops, to raise, v. tr. Bnta. 


BUNKANIDZA. 


Trot (of horses), r.27i^. Dhkdhla. 


NZENZENZERA. 


Trouble, v. tr. 


Duba. Hlupa. 


DziDZA. Netsa. 


see " Annoy." 






„ to take. 


Kutala. 


SiMBARARA. 


Trough (of wood), n 


Um-gann {inu-mi). 


N-DIRO. 

M-SHOGOSHA {ri-ma). 


Trousers, n. 


I-bnlukwe (Dutch). 


I-HANZU. 


True, adj. 


Qoto. Clina, v. 


SiMBA, V. 


It is true = 


Guqinile.orGuqoto 


= ZWA KA SIMBA. 


Truly, adv. 


Noqoto. 


ZOKWADI. 


see also " Really." 






Trumpet, n. 


U-pondo {lu-zi). 


I-HWAMANDA. 


Trunk (of trees), n. 


Um-zimba {inu-mi). 


I-HUNDi {ri-ma). 


„ (of body), n. 


Um-zimba. 


M-BiRi {mu-mi). 


„ (elephant's),n 


Um-boko {mu-mi). 


I-TANDAMINO. 


Trust, V. int. 


Temba. 


" MOYO U NO GAR A." 


Truth, n. 


I-qiniso {li-ma). 
U-qoto (lu-zi). 


N-DURAMO. 






Try (test), v. tr. 


Lifia. 


Idza. 


„ (strive), v. int. 


Zama. 


Nyemudza. 


„ judicially. 
Tube, n.,iw»c" Pipe." 


Tonisela indaba. 


TONOERA MAKA. 






Tumble, v. int. 


Wa. 


Wa. 


into. 


Wela. 


Wira. 


Tumour, n. 


I-tumba {lima). 


M-OTA. 



Tuin 



( 166 ) 



Twi 





ENGLISH. TEBELE. 


8HUNA. 


Tumult, n. Um-sindo {mu-mi). 


I-MEREMERE. 


see also " Noise." 




Turbulent, adj. Hlanya, v. 


Penga, V. 






Nepengo, adj. 


?j 


person, n. U-hlanya (lu-zi). 


" U nepengo." 


Turkey, n., see "Pauw. 




Turn 


, V. tr. Pendula. 


Shandura. 


); 


V. int. Penduga. 


Shanduga. 


j> 


back, V. int. Buyela emva. 

Buya endhleleni. 
the back on, Fulatela. 

V. tr. 
round like a Tjila. 


DZOGERA SHURE. 


j> 


Furatira.Fugatira. 


); 


Tenderega. 




top, V. int. 


Shatuga. 


,) 


round, v. tr. Tjila. 

round in a cir- Zineleza. Gaya. 


Tenderedza. 


;) 


Tenderedza. 




cle, as a mill 






handle, v. tr. 




j> 


upside down, Gomonqisa. 


MiMiNA (= drain off)- 




v.tr. 


gudimira. 
Shunamisa. 


jj 


insideoutjV.^r. Hlanegela. 


Shandugira. 


» 


out of the road, Pambuga. 
V. int. 


TSABUGA. 


?> 


out (a rascal), Xotja. 

V. tr. 
cattle, V. tr. Tinta. 


Tanda. 


j> 


Tina. 




Nqanda. 


DZORA. 


Tusk 


, n. U-pondo (lu-zi). 


Eu-nyanga. 


Tweezers, n. Isi-banjana. 


M-BATO. 


Twice, adv. Kabili. 


Kabiri. 


Twig 


; n. In-gatjanyana. 


I-BARiRO (ri-ma). 


Twilight, a.m. Gu-sa. 


GU-DZA. 






Mangwanana. 


) 


, p.m. Gu-sihlwa. 


Madeko. 

GU-SWIPA. 


Twins, n. Ama-pahla. 


Ma-wambe. 


Twine about or Tandela. 


MONERA. 




aroundi^v. int. 




,; 


n. In-tambo. 


M-suNGO (mu-mi). 


Twinkle, v. int. Pazima. 


Penya. 



Twirl (as a feather Goqoza. 
in the ear), v. tr. 



Twi 



( 167 ) 



Und 



ENGLISH. 

Twist (fibre, etc.), »'• Pota. 
„ the body in Tjotja. 
dancing, v. 



TEBELE. 



Twitch, V. int. 
Two, a4j\ 



Bili 



SHUNA. 



KOSHA. 



Pfaganyiga. 

BiRI. 



u 



I 



rdder, n. 


I-bele {li-ma). 




I-ZHAMU {ri'tna). 


Ugly, adj. 


Bi. 




Ipa, v. 


Ulcer, 71. 


Isi-londa. 




TjI-RONDA. 


Umbilicus, n. 


In-kaba. 




I-GUVU. 


Umbrella, n. 


Um-tunzi {mu-mi). 


M-BURi {mu-mi). 


Unable, v. int. 


Ahlulega. 




KONEGA. KUNDIGA. 


Unanimous, adj. 


Lenhliziyonye. 




NOMOYA MUMNWE. 


Unbind, v. tr. 


Sumbulula. 




SUNUNGURA. 


Uncle, n. 


U-baba. 




U-DADE. 


Unclouded, adj. 


Cweba, v. 

Sa, V. 

Gu cwebile, or 




Idza, V. 


It is a clear sky. 


Gu 


. " Gu SI NAMAKORE." 




sile. 




Zwa ka idza. 


Uncoil, V. tr. 


Sumbulula. 




SUNUffGURA. 


Uncork, v. tr. 


Vumbulula. 




VUMBUNYURA. 


Uncover, v. tr. 


Ambula (of cover- 


■ FUNURA. 




ings). 








Sibuffula (of a 


lK)t) FUDUGUBA. 


Undecided, to be, v. 


Bambega. 






int. 


Tiyega. 




TlYIGA. 


Under, prep. 


Pansi gu... 
"Kaw.'^ 




Pasi pa... 


Underdone, adj., see 






Undergo, v., see " Patient." 






Underhand, adj., see 


"Secret." 






Undermine, v. tr. 


Mba pansi. 




Tjera pasi. 


Understand, v. tr. 


Azi. Zwa. 




DZIBA. NSKWA. 




aeda. 




Pedza. 


Undertake, v. tr. 


£nza. 




Ita. 


Undress, v. tr. 


Hlubula. 




BisA. Subura. 


Undulate (of water), 

V. int. 
Undulating (of the 






Sbgerera. 


Dundubala, v. 




DUNUMARA, V. 


country-side), adj. 









Und 



( 168 ) 



Upo 



ENGLISH. TEnKLE. 

Undulation (as I-dundulu iji-ma). 

above), n. 
Uneasy, to be, v. int. Papazega. 
see " Anxious." 



Unfasten, v. tr. 
Unfeeling, adj. 
Unfold, V. tr. 



Kumula. 

Tugulula. 

Liikuni. 

Lolunya. 

Nabulula. 

Sumbulula. 



Unfortunate, adj.^ see " Luck." 
Unhealthy (of a (Li) lomkuhlane. 

country), adj. 
Uninhabited country. I-gafia {li-ma) 
U-mafio {lu)^ 
to Kiliza. 



Unintelligibly, 
speak, V. int. 

Union, n. 

Unit, n. 

Unite, V. tr. 

Unkind, adj. 
see " Unfeeling." 

Unless, conj. 
see " Sentences," 

Unload, v. tr. 

Unloose, v. tr. 



In-hlanano. 
In-hlamvu. 
Hlananisa. 
Lukuni. 



Uba, with neg. verb, 
sect. 9. 

Etula. 

Kulula. 

Kumula. 
Unlucky, adj.^ see "Luck." 
^ ' • Bi. 

Sumbulula. 

Luhlaza. 

Tugulula. 

Ze, aiix. V. 



Unpleasant, adj. 

Unravel, v. tr. 

Unripe, adj. 

Untie, V. tr. 

Until, adv. ^ ^. 

see verb paradigm in " Notes." 
Untrue, adj. Lamanga. 

see" False." 
Unwilling, to be, v. Ala. 



Unwind, v. tr. 

Up, adv. 
Upon, prep. 



Donda. 

Sumbulula. 

Tandulula. 

Pezulu. 

Pezulu gu... 

Pezugu... 



SHDMA. 
I-DUNUMABVU 

{ri-7na). 

VUNDUGA. 

sunungura. 
Negodo. 

GUGUTU. 

pombonora. 
SunuSgura. 

(I)NEHOSHA. 

M-SANGU (mu-mi). 



" Pa no SANG ANA." 
LSHANGA. 

Shanganidza, 

GuGUTU. 

KuNGE,with neg. verb. 

FURA. 

Shomora. 
sunungura. 

Ipa, V. 

POMBONORA. 

BiSHE. 

SUNUNGURA. 

GoTi, aux. V. 

Nenema. 
Ramba. 

NOBUSIMBE, adj. 
SUNUNGURA. 
POMBONORA. 
Gu DENGA. 

Pazuru pa... 
Pamsoro pa... 



Upr 



( 169 ) 



Ver 



KSGLISH. 


TKBKI.K. 


8HUNA. 


Upright, be (as a 


Gu kanela pezulu. 


Gu TARIRA GUDE!?OA. 


post), V. 


Gu qonda pezulu, 
Gu ti nqo. 




Upset, I', tr. 


Cita. 


Tebura. 




Wisa. 


Riga. 


Up (river), adr. 


Enhla. 


Gu MSORO. 
Gu NYASI. 


Urge, V. tr. 


Quba. 


Tina. 


Urine, n. 


Um-tondo. 


M-TUNDO {mu). 


„ to pass, v. 


Tunda. 


TUNDA. 


Us, pron. 


Si. Tina. 


Ti. Isi. Isu. 


Use, i\ tr. 


Pata. 


Bata. 



Used, see " Accustomed." 
Useful, adj. Lomsebenzi. 

Useless, adj. Gu fie lamsebenzi. 



Vacant, adj. 


A gu laluto. 


A MU NETJIRIMO. 


Vaccinate, v. tr. 


Tufia. Caba. 


Pfuma. 


Vain, adj., see "Conceited." 




Valley, n. 


Ili-gisi. 


MU-HOMBA. 


Valuable, adj. 


Lemali. 
Legugu. 


Nemanyemnwe. 


Value, n. 


I-gneru. 
. Um-Iomo. 


Ma-nyemnwe. 


Van (of an armj-), n 


M-ROMO (mu).' 


Vanish, v. 


Tiona. 
Sitega. 


Nyura. 




DZIGATIRA. 




Catja. 


BiRA. 


Varj', r. int. 


Penduea. 
Um-bida {murmt). 


Shan DUO A. 


Vegetable, n. 


Mu-RiBO (mu-mi). 


„ marrow. 


I-komane (li-ma). 


I-BUDZi (ri-ma). 


Vein (of the body), i 


. Um-tambo (wu-mi) 


RU-TSINOA. 


\'.-'U, n. 


U-mafio. 


N-8KWI. I-SHONGO 


\ Moreal disease, n. 


Isi-joli. 




\ engeance, n. 


U-laka Uu-zi). 


I-HASHA. 




Ugu-pindisa. 


GU-PAMA. 


Venom, n. 


Umu-ti. 


MU-TI. 


Venture, r. int. 


Lifia. 


Edza. 


Verandah, n. 


Ama-kupavila. 


Ma-berere. 




Ama kotaino. 


MA-GrMBIGUMBI. 



Ver 



( 170 ) 



Vul 



ENQLISH. 


TEBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Very, adv. 


Kakulu. 


GWAZOGWAZO. 


„ often, adv. 


Kaneninefii. 


Kazhinzhizhinzhi. 


„ great, adv. 


Kakulukulu. 


KURUKURU. 


„ small, adv. 


Ncinyanyana. 
Ncn-ncu-ncu. 


DUKWANANA. 


Vessel, n. 


Isi-ja. 


Tji-dya. 


see aZso "Basin,"' 


'Basket," "Jar." 




Vex, V. tr. 


Duba. 


DZIDZA. 


see " Annoy." 






Vibrate, v. int. 


Digiza. 


Ppura. 


Viee, n. 


Isi-bambo. 


M-BATO. 


Vicious, adj. 


Bi. 


Ipa, V. 


Victory, to gain the. 


, Nqoba. 


KONA. 


V. tr. 


Ahlula. 


KUNDA. 


Victuals, n. 


Ugu-dhla. 


GU-DYA. 


Vigilant, adj. 


Clapela, v. 


TjENJERA, V. 




Xwaya, v. 


Tarisisa, V. 




" U kitjimisa ameh 

lo." 
Ama-ndhla. 




Vigour, n. 


Ma-simba. 


Vile, adj. 


Bi. 


Ipa, v. 


Village, n. 


Um-zana. 


Tji-mu-sha. 




Um-zanyana. 


Tji-soti. 


Villain, n. 


Um-tagati. 


M-ROYI. 


Violence, n. 


Isi-dhlwadhlwa. 




„ to do with, I 


?. Enza fiamandhla. 


Ita namasimba. 


Virtue, n. 


Ugu-lufia. 


GU-RURAMA. 




Ugu-cnTTia. 


HU-RURAMA. 
BU-NYORO. 


Viscera, n. 


Ama-tnmbu. 


Ma-bura. 


see "Offal." 






Viscous, to be, v. int 


. Jiyega. 


KOREGA. 


Visible be, v. 


Bonagala. 


BONAGARA. 
BONEGWA. 


Visit, V. 


Tegela. 


Kumba. 
Shanya. 


Voice, n. 


Ili-zwi. 


I-HWI. I-SHOKO 

{ri-ma). 


Vomit, V. int. 


Hlanza. 


EUTSA. 


Voracious, to be, v. 


Minza. 


Dhlisa. 


Vow, V. 


Fufia. 


PiGA. 


„ n. 


Ugu-fufia. 


GU-PIGA. 


Vulture, n. 


Ili-nqe. 


I-GORA (ri-ma). 



Wad 



( 171 ) 



War 



W 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELK. 


SHUNA. 


Wade (through 


Capa. 


Ambuga. 


water), v. 


Wela. 




„ (through bog). 


Xapoza. 




Wag (the tail), v. m/. 


Tjigiza nmsila. 
Um-vuzo {mil mi). 


PiNIMIDZA MUSKWE. 


Wages, n. 


Ma-pfumo. 




In-tuso. 


M-BAIRO. 


Wagon, n. 


In-kolo. 


N-KORO. 


Waist, n. 


U-kalu (In-zi). 


TjI-BUNU. 


Waistcoat, n. 


I-nolebatje (Dutch). 




Wait, V. int. 


Hlala. 


Gara. 




Sala. 


TSARA. 


„ for, V. fr. 


Hlalela. 


Garira. Mirira. 




Linda. 


EiNDA. 


., to lie in, v. 


Qapela. 


Bandira. 


Wake, V. hit. 


Viiga. 


MUGA. 


see " Rouse." 






Wale, 71. 


Um-vimvinya 

(mu-mi). 
Um qubu (mu-mi). 
Hamba. Ya. 


Pa-zwimba. 


Walk, V. int. 


Famba. Enda. 


„ feeblj% with a 


. Dondolozela. 


Nangaira. 


stick. 


Totoba. 




„ backwards. 


Hamba nyovane. 


Enda shure. 


Walking stick, /}. 


U-dondolo (lu-zi). 


M-bata. 


«ee "Stick." 






AVall (of stone), n. 


Um-tafiala (mu-mi) 


. RU-SWINQO. 


Wallet, see " Bag." 






Wander (straj-), v. 


Tuha. 


Poya. Tsabuga. 


„ about, V. 


Hamba 

endawo zonke. 
Hambela. 


Famba ma-tunu ose. 


Wane (of the moon), 


Selwa. 


EnZERHWA. 


V. int. 




MfJRAUGA. 


Want (need), v. 


Swela. 


Shaya. 


„ (desire). 


Kanuga. 


Da. 




Fisa. 


ZWIMBA. 


War, n. 


Ugu-lwa. 
In-hlabano. 


GU-GWA. 


„ to prepare for, 


, Coba. 


BUDA, 


V, int. 


Hlomela. 





War 



( 172 ) 



Wea 



ENGLISH. 

AVar to go to, v. 

War- dress, n. 
War-shield, n. 
Ward off, v. tr. 
Warm, to be, v. int. 

„ to make, v. tr. 

„ oneself at the 
fire. 
Warn, v. tr. 
Warped, to be, v. int. 
Wart, n. 
Wash, V. int. 

„ V. tr. 

Wasp, n. 

Waste away, v. int. 

Waste, V. tr. 

see also " Scatter," 
Watch, V. tr. 



Watchman, n. 
Water, n. 
Water-buck, n. 



Water-melon, n. 
Water-course, n. 
Water-fall, n. 

see also " Cataract 
Wave to and fro, v. tr, 

„ (=beckon). 
Waves, n. 
Wax of the ear, n. 

„ (beeswax), n. 
Way (method), n. 

see " Koad." 
We, pron. 
Weak, adj. 
Weaken, v. tr. 

Wealthy, to be, v. 



Hasa. 

Hlasela. 

Izi-ntje. 

Isi-hlanu. 

Viga. 

Kudumala. 

Kudumeza. 

Ota um-lilo. 

Laya. 

Goba. 

In-sumba (isumba). 

Keza. 

Kezisa. 

Hlanzisa. 

Im-pugane. 

Caga. 

Cita. 

"Spill." 

Linda. 

Clapela. 

Londoloza.. 

M-londolozi. 

Ama-nzi. 

Isi-dumuga. 

In-simba. 

I-piva. 

I-tabe (li-ma). 

Isi-fudhlana. 

Im-popoma. 

Puna. 

Q,weba. 

Amaza. 

Isi-koko sendhlebe. 

I-ncino. 

Ugw-enza. 

Si. Tina. 
Butagataga. 
Tambisa. 
Cteda amandhla. 
Nota. 



SHUNA. 
ROBERA. 

Shambira. 
I-NOBO (ri-md). 

DZIBA. 
DZIYA. 
DZISA. 
ZlDZISA. 

Tjungurira moto. 
Rayira. 

KOMBANA. 

I-MOPO. 

^fs'^GURA. 

Ngudza. 

SUGA. 

I-GO (ri-md). 

Onda. 

Tebura. 

RiNDA. 

Bandira. 

Tjengeta. 

m-tjengeti. 

M-VURA. 

MU-MUWA. 

I-TJANKE. 

Mnw-iwa. 

RU-KOBA. 
I-FURU. 

Nina. 

KWBNYA. 

Segerera, v. 
Ma-koko enzebe. 

I-NAMO. 
GW-ITA. 

Ti. Isi. Isu. 
Nyoronyoro. 
Nyorobisa. 
Pedza masimba 

FUMA. 



Wea 



( 173 ) 



Wha 



ENGLISH. 

"Wean, v. 
Weapons of war, n. 

"Wear clothes, v. tr. 

., (a blanket). 
.. ornaments. 
,, awaj', V. tr. 
„ „ (of a floor) 
V. tr. 
Weary, adj. 

Weather, n. 

„ cold. 

„ sultr3\ 
Weave, v. tr. 
Web, spider's, n. 
"Wedding, n. 
Weed, V. tr. 

„ n. 



Weep, V. int. 

Weevil, n. 
Weii^h, V. tr. 
Well, adv. 
Well (of water), n. 
Well (in health), oc/y'. 

Are you well? 
Well!a</t'.(itiswell) 
West, n. 
Wet, adj. 

„ to make, v. tr. 

,, to be (by rain), 
Wether, n. 
What, inter, pron. 
What's the news ? 
What is it? 
„ sort ? 
„ d'ye call it. 



TEBELK. 

Alela ugw-anyisa. 
Izi-kali. 

Faga iziqogo. 
Qoga. 
Ambata. 
Ceca. Vunula. 
Dhla. 
, Tjudula. 

Dinwa, v. 
Eatala, v. 
Ama-yezi. 
Ama-kaza. 
Isi-kudumezi. 
Aluga. 
Ubu-lembu. 
Um-timba. 
Hlagula. 
Sipuna. 
Izi-bi. 

U-tjani (bu). 
U-kula (lii-zt). 
Kala inyembezi. 
Lila. 

Im-bovane. 
Lifianisa. 
Gahle. 
Um-tombo. 
Hamba, r. 
U sa hamba na ? 
. Gn lufiile ! 
In-tjonalana. 
Manzi. 

Enza gu be manzi. 
Netisa. 

Netwa fieznlu. 
Um-tena. 
Ini, ...ni. 
Indaba 1 
Gu ini log^ ? 
...njani? 
Nansiga. 



SHUMA. 
DZIBISA GUMfJWA. 

Ma-pfuma. 
Ma-swim BO. 

Is A HANG IT. 

Pfega hanzu. 
Fug A. 

SiMIRA. 

Dya. Dhla. 
Pfuoudza. 

Nyara, v. 
rombera, v. 
Ma-kore. 

I-TJAND<). 

Ma-dziya. 

Ruga. 

I-tandemtande. 

Shagura. 

DZURA. 

Ma-rara. 

I-SHANJE. 

I-SORA {ri-ma). 
Tjema misodzi. 

RlRA. 

Tji-pfuto. I-nyenye. 
Edzanisa. 

ZiBUYANE. NaGA, V. 

I-DZiME {ri-ma). 

En DA, V. 

U NO tj'enda ? 

zwa ka rurama. 

gu-birirazuba. 

Nyoro. 

Nyorodza. 

DONIDZA. 

NlWA nemvura. 

I-GONDOBHE. 
...NI, ...I. 

Mashoko ? 
TjiNi? Tjiniitjo? 

...8EI? 
NiAOINIOI. 



Whe 



( 174 ) 



Who 



ENQLISH. 


TEBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Wheat, n. 


Aniabele amakiwa. 


Mapfunde 

abarumbi. 


Wheel, 71. 


I-sono {li-ma). 


I-jOTi (ri-ma). 


Whelp, n. 


I undhlu. 


Mnw-ana (mii-ha). 


When, adv. 


Nxa. Lapa. 


Pa. By circumlocu- 
tion, e.g. the day 
when, q.v. 


adv. inter. 


Nini. 


Nini. Eini. Kiyi. 


When he returns.. 


. =Nxa se buya... = 


= Pa tji dzoga. 


When will he = 


= U za ^u buya 


: XJ NO DZOGA RINI ? 


return ? 


nini na 




Whence, adv. 


Napi Pi. 


Pi. 


Where, adv. 


Lapa. Lapo. 


Ko. KoKO. 


„ adv. inter. 


Pi. Napi. 


Pi. 


Wherefore, adv. 


i^ako. 


Nekoko. 


Whet, V. tr. 


Lola. 


EODZA. 


Whether... or, adv. 


Lanxa...lanxa. 




Whey, n. 


Um-laza (mu-mi). 




Which, pron. 


Pi. 


Pi. 


Whine, v. int. 


Bubula. 


Shkwinya. 

GOMERA. 


Whip, v. tr. 


Tjaya. 

um-cilo (mu-mi). 


EOBA. 


„ n. 


I-GASHU (ri-ma). 


„ to crack a, v. 


Kalisa umcilo. 
dansula umcilo. 


ElDZA GASHU. 


Whip-stick, n. 


Ulu-ti Iwomcilo. 


EW-IRIGOGWEGASHU. 


Whirl, V. tr. 


Zineleza. 


Tenderedza. 


Whirlwind, n. 


Isi-zufiuzane. 


Tj-ampupudzi. 


Whiskers, n. 


In-devu. 


N-DEBVU. 


„ of cats. 


In-devu. 


M-VERI. 


Whisper, v. int. 


Nyenyeza. 


Ita sebesebe. 


Whistle, V, int. 


Enza mloze. 


Mnridza. 


„ (= call) dogs 


. Biza izinja. 


Dana mbha. 


White, adj. 


Mhlope. 
Mhlotjana. 


Tjena. 


White man, n. 


Ili-kiwa. 


M-RUMBi (mu-ha). 




Um-lungu. 


M-zuNGU (Portu- 
guese). 


Whitewash, v. tr. 


Enza gu be mhlope, 


, DZUDZURA NBSUKO. 


Whither, adv. 


Ifapi. Pi. 


Pi. 


Who, pron. inter. 


Bani. 


Yani. Ani. 


Who is it? 


Nubani. 


Ndiyani. 


Whole, adj. suffix. 


...onke. 


...OSE. 



Why 



( 175 ) 



Win 



ENGLISH. 

Why? adv. 

Wick, n. 

Wicked, adj. 
Wide, adj. 

W^idow, n. 



TEBELE. SHUNA. 

Nanina? Inina? Tjini? 

Ela form of verb, Era form of 



followed by ini. 
Utjindo Iwesibane. 

...hi. 
Banzi. 

Um-felokazi. 



Wife, n. 
„ my. 



Wild 



thy. 
his. 

of a chief, 
to buy a, v. 
(of animals), 
adj. 



Um-fazi. 

Um-kami. 

Um-kako. 

Um-kake. 

Inkosikazi. 

Lohola. 

...mafio. e.g. inyama- 

zane zomafio = w ild 

auimals. 
Hlanya, v. 
Beda, v. (in talk). 
I-gola (li-ina). 



verb, 
followed by INI. (II). 
Utjinda 

OWBTJIVENEGO. 
I PA, V. 

Shana. 

Wanda. Anda. 
*' Wa ka figwa 

NOMRUMI." 
MU-FIGWE. 

Mkadzi. 
Mkadzi wangu. 
Mkadzi wako. 
Mkadzi wake, 
i-wosiashe. 

ROBORA. 



„ (of people), adj. Hlanya, v. Penga, v. 

»e6"Mad." ~ 

„ cat. I-gola {li-ma). N-dambi. 

Wildebeest, w., see "Gnu. 
Wilderness, n. U-mafio {ht-zi). 

Wilfully, aidv. I^abomu. 

Will (intending), v.^r. Tanda. 
,, (agreeing). Vuma. 

For the future tense see " Notes." 
Win, V. tr. Znza. 

Wind, 71. Um-oya. 

Isi-pepo. 
Isi-vnnuzane. 
Isi-zunuzane. 
«€€ "Gale," "Whirlwind." 
„ to break, v. Suza. 
,, to belch, V. Bodhla. 
Wind up (of string), Zofiolozela. 
r. tr. 
„ about (as a Zombazomha 

river), v. int. 
see " Crooked." 
Window, n. Isi-bonehone (glass). M-subo {mu-mi). 



M-SHANGU (mu), 

Mnwaza. 

Da. 

Bvuma. 

Wana. 

Mi^W-EYA. 
MSW-ANDO. 

I-mepo. 
Sura. 

DZOBA. 
POMBKRA. 

Kondama. 

MOXA. 



Win 



( 176 ) 



Woo 



Windpipe, n. 



Wing, n. 

„ of an army. 
Wing-feather, n. 
Wings, to flap the, ?'. 
Wink, V. tr. 

Winnow, v. tr. 
Winter, n. 
Wipe, V. tr. 

„ the nose. 
Wire (bracelets), n. 
Wise, adj. 
Wish, V. 

Witch, n. 

„ -doctor, n. 

„ -craft, n. 
With, prep. 
Withdraw, v. 
Withdrawn, to be. 
Wither, v. int. 
Within, prep. 
Without, prep. 
Witness, v. 
Wizard, n. 
Wolf, see" Hya3na." 
Woman, n. 



barren, n. 
old, n. 



Wonder, v. 
Wonderful, adj. 
Woo, V. tr. 
Wood, 71. , see " Pole, 
„ (a wood), n. 



TEBELE. 

XJm-ninzo (mu-mi). 

TJm-pimbo {mu-mi). 

I-qoqoqo {li-ma). 

I-piko {li-ma). 

U-pondo (lu-zi). 

U-piko {lu-zi). 

Papa. 

Flea ilihlo. 

dweba ilihlo. 

Ela. 

Ubu-siga. 

Esula. 

Finya amakovula. 

Ama-sofio. 

Hlaganipa, v. 

Tanda. 

Fisa. 

Umtagati. 

Is-anusi. 

Ubu-tagati. 

La. 

Suga. 

Suswa. 

Buna. 

Pagati. 

Pandhle. 

Fakaza. 

Um-tagati. 

Isi-fazana. 

Um-fazi. 

Um-halikazi. 

I-nyumbakazi. 

Is-alukazi. 



Manala. 

Sabega, v. 

Kombisa. 

" Plank," " Firewood.' 

I-hlati. 

Isi-kowa. 

Isi-nafia. 

I-sandhle. 



I-GURUGURU {ri-ma). 



I-PAPIRO {ri-ma). 
Mu-DUNG WE (?w w-mz) 

M-NBNGA. 
PURURUGA. 

NyONYUMA ISO. 
RUDZA. 

Tji-rimo. 

PiSHIGA. 

FURA MADZIBHA. 

Ma-joti. 

TJENJERA, V. 

Da. 

M-ROYI. 
BU-ROYI. 

Na. 

BVA. 

BVISKWA. 

SWABA. 

M-KATI. 

GU-ZHE. 

BUDZIRA. 

M-ROYI. 

M-KADZI. 



N-GOSWA. 

Tji-tjembere. 

I-GWEGURU. 

Tji-kadzikuru. 
Shama. 
Hyiga, v. 

Nyenga. 



I-DZESE. 
I-SHAKA. 

Tji-nanga. 
Tji-tondo. I-tondo. 



Woo 



( 177 ) 



Wri 



ENOLISn. 

Wood pigeon, n. 
Woodpecker, n. 
Wool, n. 
Word, n. 
Work, V. 



Workman, n. 



TEBELK. 8HUNA. 

I-celegwana (li-ma). N-jiba. 

Isi-qoqoto. 

U-boya, {lu-zi). Ma-kusi. 

Ili-zwi. I-HWi (ri-ma). 

Sebenza. Bata basa. 

Beleka. Shinga. 

Um-sebenzi {mu-7ni)M-niM0 {viu-mi). 

Um-beleko {mu-mi). I-basa (ri-ma). 

Um-beleki. 

Isi-beleki. 



World, n. Um -hlaba (mu-mi). 


Pa-setjb. 


Worm (earthworm), In-hlamva. 


I-PONGWB. I-OARA. 


n. 
„ (intestinal), n. Izi-lo. 


I-NYOKA. 


see '♦ Grub." 




Worry, v. tr. Dnba. 


Netsa. 


«ee" Vex," "Bother." 




Worried, to be, v. int. Dubega. 


Netsega. 


[Worship, V. Bona. 


Kurumbira. 


\see also " Praise." Dumisa. 




worth, adj. Dhla, v. 


Dya, v. 


porthless, adj. Dhla, in negative. 


Dya, in negative. 


gorthy, adj. Fanela, v. 


Fan IRA, V. 


B^ound, V. tr. Limaza. 


KUBADZA. 


1 


Remadza. 


f „ n. Li-nxeba. 


I-RONDA {ri-ma). 


prangle, see "Quarrel." 




Wrap up, V. tr. (as in Ambata. Qoga. 


Pfega. Fuga. 


a blanket). Faga. 




„ (as a pai-cel) Sofia. Bopa. 


Peta. 

SUNGA. 
VUNA. 


IVrench off, v. tr. Apula. 


V'restle, v. int. Bainbana. 


Batana. 


fee "Throw." 




PWggle (as worms), Layela. 


ZuSgana. 


Wv. int. Binxiga. 




Ijring clothes, v. tr. Kama amalemba. 


SWINA MAJIRA. 


■Crinkle (on the In-hlonzi. 


I-wi:ma {ri-ma). 


1 brow), n. 




prist, n. 


TjIPFUNDO 


i 


TJORUBOKO, 


brithe, see " Wriggle." 




BrilB. 0. Loba. Gwala. 


Nyemda. 



Wri 



( 178 ) 



Yol 



ENGLISH. TEB 

Writings, n. In-gwalo. 

Wrong, adj. Bi. 

Wrong, to do, v. Enza gubi. 
Ona. 

„ to be, V. int. Pambega. 
Wry face, to jnake, Hwaqa. 



. SHUNA. 
I-SYEMBO. 

Ipa, V. 

Tadza. 

Tjinya. 

Ita zwa ka ipa. 

Ipa. 

SiNAMA. 



Yam, n., see "Sweet Potato." 
Yard (an enclosure), Ijguma (li-ma) 
n. 



Yawn, V. mt. 
Year, n. 

„ next. ) 

„ last. ] 

„ before last. ) 

„ after next. ) 

Yearly, adv. 

Yeast, n. 

see also " Leaven. 
Yell, V. int. 
Yellow, adj. 
Yelp, V. int. 
Yes, adv. 
Yesterday, n. 

„ day before. 



Um-dana {mu-mi). 
Zamula. 

Um-nyaga {mu-mi) 
Inyagenye. 

Um-nyaga munye. 



Neminyaga. 
Iminyaga yofike. 
Um-tombo {m,u-mi). 

Kala. 

Ganu. 

Eala. 

Ye, Yebo. 

I-zolo. 

Gutafii. 



Yet, adv. Ka. 

see under Verbs in " Notes." 
Yield fruit, v. tr. Tela imbita. 
see " Produce." Zala imbita. 
Veza imbita. 

,, to, V. tr. Vumela. 

see also " Give in," " Surrender." 
Yoke, n. I-jokwe (li-ma). 

see also " Inspan." 
Yolk, n. I-bomvu yeqanda. 



EU-BAZHE. 

Shamenya. 
I-KORE {ri-ma). 
Ma-kei. 

i-kore rimnwb. 
Makanyura. 
Makei uya. 
Makore ose ose. 

MiSE YOSE YOSE. 

I-DZiME (ri-ma). 

Tjema. 

Pfumburu. 

Tjema. 

HONO, Honoze. 

I-ZHURU. 

izhururiya. 
Marimnwezuru. 
Tja. Wanu. 

DiRA MIRIBO. 
TuNGA MIRIBO. 
ZWARA MIRIBO. 
BVUMIRA. 



Mnwana WEZAI, 



Yon 



( 179 ) 



Yonder, adv. 
You, pron. 
Young, adj. 

„ (of animals), n. 

Your, pron. 8\iffi,x. 
" Your place." 
" Your people." 
Youth, n. 
see " Lad." 



Lapayana. 

Li. N^ina. 

Ncinyane. Tja. 

I-zinvane {li-ma). 

I-undhlu. 

...ako. 

Gini. 

Ba gini. 

Ubn-tja. 

Ubu-jahha. 



8HCNA. 

Paya. Papo. 
Mu. Imnwe. Ini. 
dukwane. tsa. 
M-budzana. 

...AKO. 
GWEXYU. 
Ba GWEXYU. 
BU-TSA. 
BU-KOMANA. 



Zealous, adj. Lamandhla. Namasimba. 

Copelela, v. 

Kutala, v. 

Kutazela, v. 
Zebra (Burcheirs),n. I-dube {li-ma). M-bisi. 



I 



VOCABULARY 

(No. 2) 
TEB.-ENG. 



A (1) pers. pron.^ they 
(standing for ama) ; 
(2) Imperative particle, 
with sense of Let... 

. e.g. a si hambe = let 
us go. 

Abela, v. tr., allot, distri- 
bute, divide amongst, 
share. 
is(i)Al)elo, n., a share. 

Abo, poss. pron., their, 
its, see " Notes." 

Ahlugana, v. 2., differ, dis- 
agree, part company, 
separate (from one 
another). 

Ahluganisa, v. tr., di- 
vide, part, separate. 

Ahluganisela, v. tr., al- 
lot to, dedicate to, dis- 
tribute amongst, divide 
for, set apart for, 
separate for. 

Ahlula, v., conquer, de- 
feat, overcome, pre- 
vail, repulse, subdue, 
suppress, baflEle. 

Ahlulega, v., be unable, 
exhausted. 

Ahlulwa, V. pass, of 
Ahlula. 



is(i)Ahlunwane, ??., grys 

steinbok. 
is(i)Ajoli, n., see isi-Joli. 

Alee, poss. pron., his, 
her, its, see " Notes." 

Ako, poss. pron., thy, 
its, see " Notes." 

Aka, v., build, inhabit. 
It is sometimes used 
in place of Sala in 
bidding farewell. 

Akelana, v., build near 
one another, be neigh- 
bours, be adjacent to 
one another. 

Ala, V. i., refuse, reject, 
resist, object, be un- 
willing. 

Alela, V. tr., forbid, pro- 
hibit, wean from. 

Alo, poss. pron., its, see 
" Notes." 

Aluba, \ bana, uba, 

Alubana, ) conj., if. 

Aluga, V int., (1) plait, 
weave ; (2) go out to 
pasture as cattle. 

Alugisa, see alusa. 
is(i)Alukazi, n., old woman, 
old cow. 

Alusa, V. tr., lead out to 
pasture, herd. 



Alu 



( IBl ) 



Bft 



nm* u)Alusi, «.. herd boy. 

Amanga, see ama-Nga. 
i8i,i)Amba, n., small bag, 

pocket, purse, wallet. 
i8{i)Ambane, /}., ant bear. 
Ainbata, v., clothe one- 
self iu blanket, wear a 
blanket, wrap up one- 
self in a rug. 
Ambesa, v. tr., clothe in 
a blanket, cover a per- 
son with a blanket or 
ru^^ 
Ambeswa, v. pass, of 

Ambesa. 
Ambula, v. tr., uncover, 

reveal. 
Ami, poss. pron., ray, 

mine, see " Notes." 
Amugela, v., accept, re- 
ceive. 
...Ana, ...Anyana, the 
(liminutive suffix. 
i8(i)Anceli, 7*., adze. 

Anda, v. int.^ spread of 
a people, or of a sore, 
increase in number. 
isa'Andhla, n., a hand. 

Isandhla sompobo 
= «uncock, t/. i- 
Laulo. 
Andhlala, v. tr.^ spread 
out (as a mat). 
iiluAndhle, n., sea, ocean, 
Zambezi river. 
Andisa, v. tr.^ (1) cause 
or help to spread or 
increase, to increase 
greatly ; (2) be ready to 
do a thing, alert to do, 
e.<j. n ja andisa ngu 
piga inkani^ he is 
always ready to quar- 
rel. 



i8(i)Aiidii (isando), n., ham- 
mer. 
Andubana, adv.^ and 

tlieu. 
Anga, t\, kiss. 
is(i) Antubane, 7i., a coloured, 

li^ured blanket. 
is(i)Ana8i, ?i., w-itch doctor. 
Anyisa, v., (c/. munya), 

suck (of animals). 
Apuga, r. int., be dislo- 

cated,broken, sprained. 
Apula, V. tr., damage, 

Dreak, snap, dislocate, 

wrench off. 

Apula ugnzila, 
break a fast. 
Aso, pass, pron., its, see 

'' Notes." 
Atji, interj., no ! Atjibo, 

emphatic. 
Awo, poss. pron., its, 

their, see " Notes." 
i8(i)Ayobe, n., spider (esp. 

trap-door variety). 
Ayo, 7^06'6'. pron., their, 

.s'ee '• Notes." 
Azi, V. irr., know, under- 
stand, recognise. 
ng^Azi. n., knowledge. 

Azisa, V. tr., magnify, 

I>raise, make known. 
Azisisa, know very well. 
Azo, 2)oss. pron., their, 

see "Notes." 



B 

Ba,(l)r.,be;(2)t;,8teal, 
rob; (8) pers. pron., 
they; (4) past tense 
form of pei-sonal pro- 
noun Bu for Bwa. 



Ba ( 182 ) Ban 


ugfiiBa, adv., see Uguba. 


Balega, v., run away, 


Baas, n. (Dutch), master. 


desert. 


Baba, v., be bitter, acrid, 


Balela, v., strike hot, of 


pungent to taste. 


the rays of the sun. 


uBaba, n., my father, my 


oBaleni, adv., in the open, 


uncle. 


plainlj^, conspicuously. 


Babaza, v., (1) command. 


Balo, poss. pron., its, see 


recommend ; (2) ex- 


"Notes." 


press amazement. 


(ul)uBalu, n., cave, hole in a 


Babela, v., bum the grass 


tree. 


round a kraal, e.g. Ba 


Bamba, v., hold, seize. 


ya babela umuzi. 


arrest, keep, lay hold 


uBabema, ?i.,pZ. oBabema, 


of, retain, catch, con- 


donkey. 


trol, restrain, sustain. 


Babo, poss. pron., their. 


Bamba umsindo 


its, see " Notes." 


■wako = hold your 


Baca, v., " loaf," driven 


noise. Zibamba, 


by hunger. 


restrain oneself. 


Bada, v., plaster, daub. 


Bambana, v., wrestle. 


Badalala, v., lie pros- 


hold one another ; 


trate on the stomach. 


hence be parallel. 


Badalaza, v., talk non- 


Indhlela zi ya bam- 


sense. 


bana = the roads 


Badazela, v., persist in 


run side by side. 


denial. 


Bambata, v., pat caress- 


Enza amabada, v., 


ingly. 


persist in denial. 


islBambato, a kind of mal- 


(il)iBadhlanyaiia, n., dot, 


let used to beat a 


speck. 


newly-made floor. 


(il)iBai, n. (obsolete ?), white 


umBambayila, n. (pi. imi 


cotton blanket. 


B...), sweet potato. 


Bake, poss. pron., bis, 


Bambega, v., be unde- 


her, see " Notes." 


cided, hesitate. 


Bako, poss. pron., thy, 


(ul)nBambo, ?i., rib. 


thine, its, see "Notes." 


IBambo, n., half skin oi 


Bala, v., read, count. 


an animal. 


reckon. 


islBambo, n., vice, pincers. 


umBala, n., (1) colour ; (2) 


Ba,mi, poss. pron.. my. 


number; (3) shin, leg 


mine, see "Notes. 


below knee. 


isiBa,niu, n., cannon. 


(i)liBala, n., (1) a letter of 


Bana, co7ij., see Alu- 


alphabet; (2) flat piece 


BANA. 


of countrj\ 


Bafia, v., cause. 



Ban ( 183 ) Beb 


Balia umballo, con- 


Banjwa, v. pass, of 


spire, plot. 


Bamba. 


Ba&a niusiiido,make 


umBaiikwa, n., lizard. 


a noise. 


umBano, domestic strife, 


Bafia utnli, raise a 


civil war, a plot. 


dust. 


nmBanqo, n., curl of human 


Bafia, (zana), adv. never, 


hair or wool. 


see paradig:ra of the 


Bafinla, v., extract, pull 


verb in the *' Notes." 


out a thorn. 


isiBafia, 7?., a distance, 


Banzana, adj., dim. of 


time. There i.s no 


banzi, moderately 


word for " Time," this 


broad, rather narrow. 


being only an inade- 


Banzi, adj., broad, wide. 


fprnte adaptation. 


ubuBanzi, n., breadth, 


isiBaftana, n., a little dis- 


width. 


tance, or time. 


Basa, 1*., kindle a fire. 


Banda, v., split wood, 


B&so, po.ss. pron., its, see 


chop up firewood, 


-Notes." 


islBande, w., a carnivorous 


(il)iBatje, n. (Dutch), a coat 


animal. 


jacket. 


Bandezega, v. int., be in 


Bawo, poss. pron., its 


a crowded, pressed 


their, see " Notes." 


condition. 


isiBawn, n., (1) the gad- 


Bandezela, v. tr.. crowd 


fly ; (2) a grey ox. 


around, press, press 


isiBaya, ??., a kraal, enclo- 


down or against, 


sure for cattle. 


squeeze. 


i8iBayana(na), n., a small 


Bandhla, v , disown. 


kraal. 


(il)iBandhla, n., company. 


Bayo, poss. pron., their, 


liost. troop. 


.see " Notes." 


Bandhlnlula, r., disown. 


(il)iBaxa, n., forked stick, or 


islBane, n., torch, candle, a 


support. 


li^^ht. 


Baza, v., cars^e. 


umBane, n., lightning. 


(il)iBazelo, ??., chip, shaving 


Banega, r., lighten, of 


of wood. 


lightning. 


umBazi, n., carpenter. 


islBanego, n., torch, candle, 


Bazo, po.ss. pron., their. 


a light. 


soe '• Notes." 


Bani, pron. rnterj., who. 


Beba,7*. ?;?^,burn, of the 


what, e.ff. Inyamazane 


fire itself, e.g. Umlilo 


le i bani ? = what ante- 


u ya beba=thc fire 


lope is that? Ubani 


burns. 


lo? = who goes there ? 


imBeba, n., see imBiba. 


isiBanjana, »., tweezers. 


IsiBebetn, »i., remainder. 



Beb 



( 184 ) 



Bib 



umBebebi, 7i., stammerer. 
Beda, v., be wild in talk, 

talk nonsense. 
Bega, V. tr., put, place, 
set down, appoint to 
an office. 
Beganempe, see under 

Neinbe. 
Begela, v., reserve, put 
by, provide for the 
future. 

Begelela tiinkiimbi, 
put in a row. 
Begezela, v., (1) endure, 
undergo, be patient ; 
(2) catch rain water. 
IBejane, n., black rhino- 
ceros. 
amaBele, n., native corn. 
(il)iBele, n., breast, udder. 
umBele, n., teat, nipple. 
Beleka, v., work. 
Belekela, v., work for, 
serve. 
isiBeleki,\?i., worker, ser- 
umBeleki,/ van! 
umBeleko, ?i., work, service. 
umBelesi, n., draught or 
imck ox. 
Beleta,t?.,(l) bear j^oung; 
(2) carry child at the 
back. 
Beletwa, v. pass., be 
born. 
umBelo, n., shed of branch- 
es. 
Belo, interj.y used to 
emphasize, e.g. Inkosi 
1 kona belo = the king 
is there indeed. 
Bema, v., smoke to- 
bacco, take snuff, sniff 
medicine. 
imBemba, n., " battle-axe." 



Bemisa, v., give snuff, or 

a whiff of tobacco. 
Beua, I?., cut into strips. 
uluBende, ?i., (1) serum of 
the blood; (2) pan- 
creas. 
imBeni, n., beer basket. 
ImBefio, w., cf. amakasi, 
peelings of sweet reed. 
Benu, poss. j)ron., your, 
see " Notes." 
uBenwana, n., Crocodile 
river. 
Beta, v., strike, hit ; used 
also of the sun's rays. 
Beta fi.ale, go round 
that way. 
Betela, v., drive in, ham- 
mer. 
amaBetju, n.., tails, or skins 
forming men's dress. 
Betu, poss. pron., our, 

see " Notes." 
Bi, adj., bad, ugly, un- 
pleasant, vicious, vile, 
wicked, wrong. 
Kabi, badly. 
Gubi, it is bad. 
Bi, aiix. v., = be -hi; e.g. i 
bi lalo=i be i lalo=it 
had it ; it was with it. 
ubuBl, \ n., wickedness, sin, 
u^uBi, f evil, badness. 
iziBi, n. pi, rubbish, 
weeds, etc. 
hola izibi,] clear 
kncula „ j^away 
susa „ J rubbish. 
imBiba, n., mouse. 

Bibidhla, v. (Hlihla) sup- 
purate, e.g. Gu bibidhla 
inxeba = the wound 
suppurates. 
Bibitega, v., laugh. 



Bid ( 185 ) Bom 


imBida, n., an edible vege- 


(il)iBi20, n., name. 


table. 


Bo, particle of emphasis 


Bidhliga, v., (Pihliga), 


and suffix, e.g. Hlalabo 


break out in a rasli or 


= sit down, pronounced 


sores. 


authoritatively. 


Biga, v., report, tell, an- 


ulnBoba, 7i., ridge, bank of 


iiounce. 


earth. 


Bigizela, v., splash 


Bobabili, see Bili. 


through water. 


imBobo, n. (or Bopo, or 


Bija, v., drain the cup, 


Pobo, or Popo), pipe or 


tinish the cupful. 


tube, hence gun, prop. 


Bila, r. int.^ boil. 


a hole made through a 


imBila, «., (1) "piano," 


thing. 


a musical instrument ; 


nmBope, n. (umPobe), but- 


(2) rock rabbit; (3) 


ter-milk. 


imbila yotj wala, small 


Bodhla, v., rise as in in- 


quantit}' of beer. 


digestion, belch tiatu- 


imBilapo, «., groin. 


leiice. 


Bili, adj., two. 


illBodhlelo, ?i., bottle. 


Bobabili, both. 


Bohloga, v., be crushed. 


isiBili, n., two. 


S(iuashed. 


imlBilini, ii. pi., offal. 


Bohloza, V. tr., crush. 


Bilisa, V. tr., boil. 


squash. 


islBiliso, n., yeast, leaven. 


Boizela, v., grin. 


Binda, r., be quiet. 


nmBoko, n., elephant's 


islBindi, «., (1) liver; (2) 


trunk. 


courage. 


Bola, v., decay, rot, be 


lesibindi, valiant. 


rancid, be " high." 


Bindisa, v., appease. 


Bolega, r., borrow, lend. 
Bolega indhlebe = 


Binelela, v., salute, greet. 


Binxiga, v., wriggle like 


lend me your 


a snake. 


ears. 


isiBipi, 71., (isipipi), skin 
apron of girl's dress. 


uluBombo, n., brink, edge. 


Ubombo Iwompu- 


iinBita, n., vegetable, fruit. 


mulo = bridge of 


Biya, r., fence, enclose. 
Biyela insimn, en- 


the nose. 


fiaBomn, adv., on purpose, 


close a garden. 


wilfully. 


Biza, v., (1) call, name, 


Boiuvu, adj., red, scarlet. 


summon, invite ; (2) 


iBomvu, 71. (1) a red ox; 


demand,require,charge 


(2) yolk of an egg. 


a price. 


iliBomvu, n., red clay. 


imBiza, n., pot for cooking, 
or carrying wat^r. 


"i^rvS; "■.'oj^-nd. 



Bom 



( 186 ) 



Bui 



eBomvu, in (or on) 


Botjwa, V. pass, of Bopa. 


the red ground. 


iTTiBovane, »., weevil. 


Bona, v., see, observe, 


(ul)uBovu, n., pus. 

Bovula, v., bellow. 


notice, beware, take 


heed, oversee. 


(ul)uBoya, n., wool, down of 


Bona, pron., they, them. 


geese, bristle, animal 


it; see table of pro- 


hair, human hair (of 


nouns in " Notes." 


head=unwele). 


Bona, v., thank, praise, 


Bu, pron., it, see table of 


applaud, cheer, roar of 


pronouns in " Notes." 


a lion. 


Bubula, v., moan, whine. 


Bonagala, v. i., be plain. 


groan. 


be visible, appear. 


IsiBudu, w., ornament of 


Bonagalisa, v. tr., reveal. 


red clay to cover isi- 


Boiiapona, v. (bofia- 


COlo, q.v. 


bofia), grunt. 


iBudufiu, n., a white 


Bonda, v., stir (the pot). 


faced ox, black or red 


islBonda, n., pole, post, 


in body. 


stake. 


Buga, v., (1) stare ; (2) 


IsiBoniboni, n., glass win- 


admire. 


dow. 


Buguda, V. int., plunge. 


Bonisa, v., shew, oversee. 


dive. 


isiBono, n., rupture (um- 


Bugutja, v., plunge the 


bilical). 


assegai, stab. 


isiBono, n., cognomen, sur- 


Bnkali, adj. (ubu-kali). 


name. 


keen, smart. 


imBonolo, n., mule. 


Bula, v., thresh corn. 


umBofiulwane, n., under- 


beat clothes. 


ground bee. 


Bulala, v., kill, slay, de- 


Bopa, v., tie, bind, splice. 


stroy life, damage, 


wrap up. 


spoil, afflict, torment. 


Bopa amasono, put 


hurt, break. 


on the brake. 


Bulawa, v. {pass, of 


iBopa, n., pack ox, draught 


Bulala). 


ox. 


Bulawa idhlozi, be 


Bopela, v,^ span in (oxen). 


hurt by accident 


tie for. 


{lit. hurt by a 


isi-Bopo, n., a fastening (of 


spirit). 


whatever material), a 


ImBulu, n., cf. uxamu, ani- 


lock. 


mal said to bite and 


Isiboposepiza, a hal- 


suck cow's udders 


ter. 


(? iguana). 


IsiBopo samasono. 


(il)iBulukwe, n. (Dutch) 


brake of wagon. 


. trousers. 



Bui 



( 187 ) 



Cac 



(il)iBnlnlu, w., puff adder. 
Buliina, v., be round like 
a ball. 
umBuluna (or umBulunga), 71., 
something round, a 
ball. 
(il)iBuma, n., (1) reed; (2) 
green beads. 
Bumba, v., (1) create ; (2) 
mould, model, cast, 
knoad. 
IBumba, n., pot clay. 
umBumbi, ??., Creator. 
umBumbulnsa, n., kernel 

of nut. 
imBnmbuluzana, n., a ball. 
Buna, r., wither, fade. 
Buna, r., |(1) crowd 
Bunazela, r.,j around 
like flies; (2) drive 
awaj" flies. 
(il)iBufiane, v., rhinoceros 

beetle. 
(i)liBufiayezi, w., beetle. 
umBundu, »., ridge. 

IsiBunu, n., bottom of a 

vessel, buttock. 
isiBufiu, n., worm, grub, 
caterpillar. 
Busa, v., (1) rule, reign ; 
(2) prosper, be happy. 
umBusi, 7^., ruler. 

Busisa, V. tr., bless. 
umBuso, )i., dominion, king- 
dom. 
(ul)uBu80, n., forehead, brow, 
face, countenance. 
Buta, V. tr. and int.^ 
gather, collect, pack 
up, raise troops. 
Butagataga, adj. (Taga- 
taea), languid, meek, 
soft, weak, limp. 
Bntana, v. t., assemble. 



(il)iButi, n., see liButo. 
Butisa, V. ^r., gather, col- 
lect. 
(i)liBnto, n., soldier, regi- 
ment. 
Butundu, adj. (Tundu), 

blunt. 
Buy a, V. i., return, turn 
back, relapse (Pinda). 
Wa buy a wafii tja- 
ya = he hit me 
ap:ain. 
Buyela emva, turn 
back, retire, recede, 
retreat. 
ImBuya, n., wild spinach. 
Buyisa, v. tr., give back, 

restore, send back. 
Buyisela, v. tr., restore 

to, give back to. 
Buza, v., ask a question, 
question, inquire. 
iliBuzi, 11., water rat. 
imBuzi, 71., goat. 



Caba, v., (1) scarify, let 
blood ; (2) vaccinate, 
inoculate ; (3) clear off 
bush, encamp. 
isiCaba, n., remainder, es- 
pecially of cooked food. 
Fotula isicaba, 
grind boiled corn. 
(ul)uCabafiu, n., pit of the 
stomach. 
Cacamba, v. t., burst as a 

1>0(1, 

Cacata, v. tr., shell peas, 
ground nuts. etc. 
(il)iCacn, n., a musical in- 



Cac 



( 188 ) 



Cez 



strument, resembling 
a bow, with small cala- 
bash attached. 

iCacu lomtjoko, 
bow for shooting 
arrows. 
Caga, v., (1) be thin ; (2) 
go out to pasture early, 
returning to be milked 
=dhla amazolo. 
(u)luCago, 01., milk. 

Caiwa, v., pass, of Caba. 
(il)iCala, 7i., (1) accusation, 
charge ; (2) fault. 
niga icala, accuse. 
a ni lacala, I am 

innocent. 
tola icala,get blame. 
Cambalala, v., (1) lie on 
stomach ; (2) repose, 
lie down, take siesta, 
recline. 
Cambaza, v., tickle. 
isiCamelo, n., pillow. 
Camusela, v., hatch eggs. 
Candula, v., renew (?). 
(il)iCansi, n., mat, bed. 

Cansisa, v., make clear, 

elucidate. 
Capa, v., (1) wade, cross 
a river ; (2) lap water, 
of dogs (Xapa). 
Catega, v., draw out 
liquor (as from a cask). 
Catja, V. ^., hide, disap- 
pear, vanish. 
Catjela, v., take shelter 

from, hide from. 
Caya, v., spread to dry, 
to air (clothes, etc.). 
Caya indaha, spread 
news. 
Caza, v., draw out fibres 
of bark or sinew. 



Ceba, v., slander, mis- 
represent, tell tales, 
betray, accuse falsely, 
plot. 
(il)iCebo, n., false charge, 
scandal, a plot. 
Ceca, V. i., wear orna- 
ments, be decorated. 
(i)liCeci, n. (iceco), an orna- 
ment for the person. 
Cecisa, v. tr., adorn, 
decorate the person. 
iliCeco, see Ceci. 
(il)iCege, n., open country, a 
plain. 
Cela, v., (1) beg, ask for, 
apply for, pray, re- 
quest ; (2) sprinkle (as 
with salt). 
iCelankobi, n., evening 
star. 
(il)iCele, n., side. 
(il)iCelegwana, n., ring-dove, 
wood-pigeon. 
Celela, v., beg on behalf 
of another. 
eCeleni gw... Zoc. of icele, 
by the side of. 
Cefia, V. (Cwefia), strain 
a liquor, pour off (leav- 
ing the sediment). 
Centa, v., clear off grass 
with a spade, scuffle 
off grass. 
Cetula, v., be clear (of 

the sky), unclouded. 
Ceza, v., avoid, dodge, 
shun. 
(ul)uCezii, n., splinter, piece 
of broken stick, half of 
a thing broken in two. 
Cezuga, V. z., wane of the 
moon. 



Cez 



( 189 ) 



Cot 



Ceznla, v. tr., chip wood, 
etc., "split hairs." 
iliCi, 71., a space partitioned 
oflf, an enclosure with- 
in an enclosure, room. 
Ciba, v., tlirow the spear. 
(il)iCibi, 7?., dam of water, 
IX)ol, pond, lake. 
isiCibi, n., a patch for a 
garment. 
Cibigeza, r., crush under 
foot. 
umCibitjelo, n., bow (for 

shooting). 
umCilo, r?., thong, rein, whip, 
skin roi^e, strap. 
nmCilo wenkosi- 

kazi, rainbow. 
imiCilo, reins. 
Cija, r. tr., sharpen to a 
point. 
umCijo, 71., a sharpened 
point (of stick, etc.). 
Cima, v. (Cilja), blow out, 

put out a fire. 
iCimbi, n., large edible 

grub found on trees. 
Cimeza, v., close the eyes 

tightly. 
Cina, (1) v.i., terminate, 
come to an end ; (2) v. 
tr., put gum (inhlaga) 
to a spear to fix it 
firmly in the shaft. 
Cifia, »'., search, look 

carefully all round. 
Cindezela, v., press, 
squeeze, compress, </. 
Bandezela, 
umCino, ?»., end of any- 
thing. 
(nl)uCino, n., brink of a pit 
or precipice. 
Cinsa, v., (1) spirt out 



from the mouth ; (2) 
partake of the feast of 
first fruits. 
Cita, v., spill, scatter, 
strew, throw away, 
waste, upset, over- 
throw, disperse, defeat, 
devastate. 
Citega, v., be spilled, etc., 

straggle. 
Citja, v., blow out, or put 

out fire. 
Coba, r., (1) anointjsmear, 
mark the face with 
clay; (2) prepare for 
w^ar. 
Coba ikanda lake, 
= break his head. 
iCoba, n., gravelly or 

sandy soil. 
Cobela, v., chop up, 
mince. 
amaCobo, n., fat, oil. 

amaCobo ocago, 
butter. 
Cola, v., (1) grind corn 
or snuff; (2) make 
happj'. 
Colana, ?'., rejoice. 
Colega, V. (1) be ground 
(of corn, etc.); (2) be 
happy. 
Colisa, v., pulverize, 
grind very fine, help to 
grind. 
isiColo, n., topknot of mar- 
ried women. 
Cona, v., grumble at a 

gift. 
Copelela, v., be zealous, 
earnest. 
nbuCopo, w., brains. 

Cotia. v., pick ui> grain. 
of fowls. 



Cu 



( 190 ) 



Dai 



ulnCu, n., string of beads. 


Dabuga, v. int. (Dabula), 


Cuba, v., trample clay, 


(1) be broken, torn, 


knead dough. 


spoilt, chapped ; (2) 


inCuba, ri., see iNcuba. 
inCubula, n., see iNcubula. 


penitent, sorry, low- 


spirited, sad; (3) be 


Cuma, v., be chaste. 


created, made. 


modest, meek, polite. 


Wa dabuga e njalo 


uguCuma, n., virtue. 


= he was made 


Cumisa, v., purify (mo- 


(created, born) so. 


rally). 


TiTTiDabugo, n., character. 


Cunuga, v., be disgusted. 


'■ Dabula, v. tr., (break. 


Cnta, v., pluck (a fowl). 


rip, slit, tear, spoil ; 


Cwaiza, v., flash, as the 


(2) divide,pass through 


eye with anger. 


a country ; (3) create. 


Cwa-la, V. int., fill, rise 


umDabuli, n.. Creator. 


(of a river). 


(i)liDada, n., duck. 


Cwalisa, v. tr., fill. 


idada elikulu, 


Cwazimula, v., see Kazi- 


goose. 


mula. 


islDada, n., long extent (of 


Cweba, v., be clear, un- 


something), a group. 


clouded. 


isidada semizi, a 


Cwele, pft. of Cwala. 


chain, or group of 


Cwena, v., see Cena. 


towns. 


Cwenega, v., be pure, as 


Dade, n., sister. 


water. 


uDadega, v. (Didega), be 


Cwenegisa, v. tr., purify 


in a nervous, trembling 


(of liquids). 


condition. 


Cwila, V. int., dip, dive, 


Daga, adj., drab, dun. 


plunge, sink. 


islDaga, n., black soil, or 


SN^-^^"^^^'^^^- 


mud. 
umDaga, n. (1) a dun col- 




oured ox ; (2) mud. 




mortar. 




Li nile amadaga- 


D 


daga, it has rained 




excessively mak- 


InDaba, n., matter, affair. 


ing much mud. 


news, a report, tale. 


SJ^a,}"— °t. 


story. 


Tonisa indaba, v., 


Dagwa, v., be drunk, 


judge. 


intoxicated. 


(iil)uDaba, n., message. 


IDaha, n., Indian hemp. 


amaDabudabu, n., rags, 


iDaimone, n., diamond 


tatters. 


fields. 



Dai 



( 191 ) 



0U 



I 



Daizela, v., stagger as a 

ilrunken man. 
Dajulwa, v. pass, of da- 

bula. 
Dala, adj.y old, stale. 
Daladala, a(fj., very old. 
inDalimane, «., lung-sick- 
ness. 
Damba, v., be anxious. 
Dana, r., be disappointed, 
sad. 
nmDafi.a, n., yard, enclosure, 

a space left vacant. 
isiDanda, ji., sluggard. 



Dandabula, 



divide 



down tlie middle. 
Danisa, v., be sorrow- 
ful. 
Dansula, v. i., snap, as a 
stick breaking. 
inDawo, n., place, station^ 
a space. 

fienDawo, adv.^ on 

accouut of. 
enDawonye (loc. of 
indawo + nye), in 
one place, alto- 
getber. 
Daxazela, t'., splasb 
throu)L;h rain or mud. 
Daya, \v. fr., roll a 
Dayela,j thing along. 
Daza, v., split feathers, 
etc., tear into strips. 
inDaza, /i., strip of calico. 
Dazula, v., tear. 
De, a'//., deep, tall, high. 
ubuDe, 71., depth, length, 

height. 
uluDe. n., an edible herb. 
InDeoe, n., Up, ladle. 
inDekazi, ju, very tall 
person or animal. 
Dela, r., (1) be satisEed, 



give up, give in; (2) 
interrupt, dissenting. 
Delela, v., spurn, set at 
nought, despise, scorn ; 
be reckless. 
islDeleli, ??., lazy, careless, 
easy-going person. 
(u)luDenda, n., expectoration, 

foam. 
(iil)uDeneli, 1 n., crock, pot- 
(uljuDenezi, f sherd. 
umDenga, n., fence of a 
town. 
iDengu, «., large plaited 
basket. 
isiDensi, ?i., sluggishness. 
Depa, r., be full grown, 
or old. 
(iz)inDevii, ?«., beard, mous- 
tache, whiskers. 
(lll)uDevii, one hair of the 
beard. 
isiDevu, /i., long beard. 
Dhla, r. tr., eat, consume, 
wear away, cost, con- 
fiscate, cheat, over- 
reach, rust. 
Ipiza, 11 ya zidhlela 
nje = the horse is 
just eating. 
Ka gu dlili iluto, be 

clieap. 
Dhla amafa, inherit. 
Dhla amazolo, eat 
the dew, i.e. cattle 
going out to pas- 
ture very early, 
before being 
milked. 
ugTiDhla, )i., food, victuals. 
Dhlala, r., play, frolic, 
tritlo. sport. 
inDhlala, 7t., hunger, fa- 
mine, scarcity of food. 



Dhl 



( 1P2 ) 



Dnii 



umDhlalo, n., j^ame, pla}'. 
inDhlebe, n., ear. 
Dhladhla, v., trot, of 

horses. 
Dhlega, v. (Dhla), get 
oaten, cheated, rusted. 
inDhlela, ?i., path, road. 
Hlahla indhlela, 
make a new road. 
(il)iDhlelo. n., pasture, 

Dhlepuna, v., scratch off 

with nails, tear. 
Dhlisa, V. t7\, poison. 
isiDModhlo, n., head ring 

of amadoda. 
inDhlondhlo, n., a variety 
of snake. 
nmDhlopo, n., a black ox, 

spotted white. 
TUuDhloso, n., a tree having 
white close-grained 
wood. 
(il)iDhlozi, n., "spirit" of 
the dead ; in plural, 
" shades of the dead." 
a fii ladhlozi, I've 

no luck. 

bulawa iiedhlozi, 

hurt by accident 

(=by the idhlozi). 

inDhlozi, n., tiger cat; 

serval. 
inDhlu, n., house, hut. 

indhlu enyoni,bird's 

nest. 
abendhlu, house- 
hold. 
inDhlubu, n., round bean. 
(u)lu-Dhlubu, n., a red ox, with 
small white spots 
on the flank. 
InDhlugula, n., head orna- 
ment, a crest. 



Dhlula, v., pass on, pass 

by, surpass, excel. 
Dhlulana, v., surpass 
one another. 
iminwe i ya dhlu- 
lana, the fingers 
are of different 
lengths. 
Dhlulisa, v. ti\, send 

forward. 
Dhlunela, v., surpass in 
strength. 
IsiDhlwadhlwa, ??., (1) vio- 
lence, warning of vio- 
lence; (2) a kind of 
food. 
inDhlwana, n., dim. of 

indhlu, room. 
inDidazana, n., the king's 
month, introduced 
every third year, in 
order to rectify the 
calendar. 
Dldega, v., be nervous. 
Digiza, vibrate, beat of 
the heart, tick, pul- 
sate, throb. 
Diliga, v., be ruined, 
thrown down. 
islDiliga, n., leprosy. 
Dilina, v., be round, full. 
Dilinana, v., be full (of 

moon). 
Diliza, V. tr., pull, or 
throw down, ruin. 
inDima, w., (1) strip of 
. garden ground ; {2] 
average, or general 
height, or size of a 
rank of men, or of men 
generally. 
u ya dhlula indima 
= he is above the 
average. 



Din 



( 193 ) 



Dnn 



Difia, t*., want, search, 
seek, charge a price. 
isiDindi, «., (1) butt end of 
a stalk of grass, or 
stick ; (2) nave, hub of 
a wheel. 
(n)lnDini, «., edge of cup, 
etc., brim. 
Dinisa, v. tr., tire. 
Dinwa, v., be tired, wor- 
ried, weary. 
(uluDiwo, u.s small pot. 
inDoda, u. pi., amadoda, 
man, husband. 
ubuDoda. /»., lock of a gun, 
inDodakazi, «., daughter. 
inDodana, »., son. 
(il)iDolo, u., knee. 
(il)iDololwane, «., elbow. 
(nljuDofia, ;*., see nDofiwa. 
Donda, r., sulk, be un- 
willing, be reluctant. 
(nl)uDondolo, »., long walk- 
ing stick, rod for walk- 
ing. stafV. 
Dondoluzela, v., go with 
a stick, be infirm, walk 
feebly. 
(nlmDonsi, /?., sting of bee. 
(u)luDofiwa, ?i., (uDofia), 
ravine, chasm, deep 
channel ; steep bank 
of a ravine. 
Dona, r., pick up. 
Duba, ?'., worry, molest, 
annoy, trouble, vex. 
inDuba, n. (intnba), open- 
ing, gap; occasion, 
opportunity. 
(il;iDube, n., Burcheirs 
zohra. 
Dubega, r., (Duba), be 
annoyed, etc. 
(i)liDubego, n., annoyance. 



trouble, the thing that 
gives the trouble. 
Dnbttla, r., shoot with a 

gun. 
isiDubulo, 7?., fist. 

Duda, V. tr.^ excite, pro- 
voke. 
Dudega, r., be excited. 
inDuku, /«., knobkerry. 
islDugu, «., gun-stock. 
iDukwe, n., square of 
calico for head. 
isiDuli, ??., ant-heap. 
inDulu. ;?., antiquity. 

Abendulu, the 
ancients. 
Duma, y., thunder, re- 
sound, roar, sound. 
(ul)uDuma, n., a swelling on 
some part of the body, 
result of violence or 
disease 
iDumba, w., garden hut, a 
temporary hut. 
inDumba, /i., bean. 
IDumbi, n., palsy. 
islDumbu, n., carcase, 
corpse. 
amaDumbu, n., skins for 
dress. 
inDume, /?., a black, or red 
ox with spotted or 
marked lower face. 
Dumisa, v., cause to re- 
sound, publish abroad ; 
praise, revere, worship, 
honour. 
(iil)uDumo, n., (1) sound of 
rumbling, or roaring, 
thunder; (2) praise, 
renown. 
IsiDumuga, m., water-buck. 
inDuna, «.,(!) head man, 
administrator, leader, 



Dun 



( 194 ) 



Ela 



officer; (2) male of 




beasts. 


E 


Duna, v., defile, pollute, 


disturb water, stir up 




the sediment. 


Eba, V. (Ba) steal. 


iDundulu, n., bank of 


Ebula, v., strip bark 


earth, ridge, undula- 


from a tree, peel, sepa- 


tion of rolling country. 


rate strands of bark. 


Dundubala, v., rise, of 


Ebuza, v., cast its skin 


the land, undulate. 


(as a snake). 


inhlabati i dundu- 


Ecegeni, see iCege. 
Eceleni gu... loc. of 


bele, the land is 


undulating. 


icele, beside, by the 


inDunduma, n., see iDun- 


side of. 


dulu. 


Eduze gu, adv., near, 


inDunulo, ?^., ramrod. 


adjacent. 


Dunyiswa, v. pass, of 


Eduzana, adv., rather 


dumisa. 


near, very near, close 


umuDwa, n., (1) crack, split. 


to. 


gash, a long line or 


Edwa, adv., only, single. 


mark ; (2) blue crane. 


solitary. 


isiDwaba, n., skin petticoat 


Egusitegeni, adv., in 


of married woman. 


secret. 


(ul)uDwai, 71., secretary bird. 


EMa, v., descend, step 


(il)iD\vala, n., rock. 


down, come down, go 


emaDwaleni, in a 


down. 


rocky place. 


Ehlela, t?., descend on to. 


inDwanu, n., baboon. 


come down from, step 


Dweba, u, mark out. 


down from or to. 


draw, delineate. 


Ehliga, v., come down, 


Dwebela, v., mark out 


descend, step down. 


for, draw for, etc. 


Ehlisa, V. tr., (1) let 


umDwebelo, n., a mark. 


down, lower, bring 


drawing. 


down; (2) give milk 


inDwebundwebu, n., flea. 


(of cows). 


inDwendwe,7i. 1 procession, 
(u)luDwendwe,7?./ a row of 


Ekadeni, adv., long ago. 


Ekaya, adv., loc. of ika- 


people or things, In- 


ya, at home. 


dian file; a line of 


Ela, v., (1) winnow ; (2) 


people on the march. 


'smear a skin with 


Dzaga, V. (Tsaga), spirt 


grease to render it 


from mouth, spout out, 


supple. 


syringe. 


Elama, i?., follow in order 




of birth, e.g. Wa fit 



£U 



11)5 ) 



£nz 



elama = be was bom 

after me. 
Elamana, r., be of the 
same famih', follow- 
ing one another in 
order of birth. 
Elanya, r., pass, of 

Elama. 
Elapa, v., administer 
medicine either med- 
ically or ceremoni- 
ally. 
Elega, ?'., add. 
Eleganisa, r., put one 

thing on another. 
Elegela, r., add to. 
Elula, r., stretch out, ex- 
tend as the arms. 
Ema, v., see Ma. 
Emahlabatini, see ama- 

Hla'bati. 
Emini, adv. (imi-Ni), at 

midiiay. 
EmnyafiiO, adv. (umNy- 
afio), at the gate, or 
door. 
Empumalafia, adv., in 
the cast, 

pre/h, 
aft6r, 
behind 
Ena, r., be thick, rai^k, 
luxuriant (of vegeta- 
tion). 
Enaba, r., see Kaba. 
Enana, Ir., change, 
Enanisana,/ exchange. 
Enda, r., go to a hus- 
band, marry (of a wo- 
man). 
Endawonye, adr. (en- 
Dawonye), in one 
place, together, alto- 
gether. 



Erauva g^ 
Emva ga 



'::•] 



Endnlu, adv. inDnlu, 

in ancient times. 
Enega, v., spread out as 

the arms, grain, or 

garment to dry. 
Engama, v., overhang, 

hang over a cliff, etc. 
Engeza, r., add to. 
Engezelela, r., add to. 
Engula, V. (ongnla), 

skim. 
Enhla, adr., upwards, up 

river, northwards, or 

westwards. 
Ensiteni, ) adv.. see en- 
Ensiteleni, / Siteleni, 

privately. 
Enwaya, v., scratch 

(where it itches). 
Enu, pass, pron., your ; 

.see '' Notes." 
Enxenye ^...,prep., be- 
side. 
Enya, v., steep in water. 
Enya^enye, see under 

limNyaga. 
Enyanya, v., abstain 

from certain foods. 
Enyela, v., be dislocated. 
Enyuga, v.i., go up, as- 
cend. 
Enyula, v. tr., (1) lift 

up ; (2) select, choose. 
Enyusa, »'., help or make 

to ascend. 
Enza, t\, do, perform, 

practise, make. 
Enza amabada, per- 
sist in denial. 
Enza mloze, whistle. 
Enza uiuhlu, stand 
in lino. 

Enza tiamandhla, 
do violently. 



Enz 



( 196 ) 



Fan 



ugnEiiza,r?., way, method. 
Enzisa, v., do earnestly, 

carefulh'. 
Eii?;ela, r.. do for. 

Enzela umfumbi, 
cast lots. 
Epula, v., remove, as a 

pot from fire, or a per- 
son from an epidemic. 
Eqa, v., jump, spring, 

jump over, omit. 
Eqa umlayo, break 
the law. 
Esaha, ?•., be afraid. 
Esipundu, adv., behind 

one's back. 
Esula, v., (1) wipe, scrub, 

stroke ; (2) cancel, 

erase, rub out. 
Etaba, v., see Taba. 
Etafeni (ugu ya...), (to 

go) to stool. 
Etjata, ?;., carry on the 

shoulders. 
Etjisa, v., ruminate. 
Etu, poss. pron., our, see 

" Notes." 
Etuga, V. ?!., start in 

fright, be frightened. 
Etula, v., unload, put 

down or take down a 

load. 
Etusa, V. tr., startle, 

frighten. 
Euka, v.^ make to go 

down, move down 

south. 
Eya, v., despise, reject, 

scorn, be dif^contented. 
Eyama, ?;., lean on, rest 

against. 
Ezansi,«cZi;.,down south, 

down river. 



Ezapagati, n., in the loc. 

olT'al. 
UluEzi, ??., tenth month after 
the dance, 



Fa, 1?., die, perish, be 
sick, swoon, be mumb, 
be downcast, low- 
spirited. 
uguFa, n., death, danger, 
sicknes^, 
imFa, n., disease. 
illFa, ?i., estate of diseased 
person . 
dhla am^fa, inherit. 
umFaba, 7?., blighted com 
which shakes out. 
Fafaza, n., sprinkle with 
water. 

Faga, v.^ put in, pack up, 
put on clothes, hat, 
etc., wear clothes, wrap 
up. 
Fakaza, v., testify, wit- 
ness. 
iFambele, n., barren fe- 
male of animals. 
Fana, v., resemble, be 
like, similar. 
umFana, n. (contracted um- 
fo), boy, son, child. 
Fanana, v., be alike, 
similar, be like each 
other. 
umFanegiso,) picture, 
isiFanegisoj ' figure 
image, aj)pearanco. 



Fan 



( 197 ) 



Fud 



Fanela, r., be suitable, 


Ficamnambili, or//.. 


proper, worthy, con- 


ei^'lit (S). 


venient, to deserve. 


Ficamnomnnye, adj.^ 


U fanela ugu hamba 


nine (il). 


= he oujj^ht to go. 


Figa^ »'., arrive, reach. 


Fanisa, r., make like, 


occur, '"come" as but- 


compare. 


ter in churning. 


nmFansimbe, n., see Ufa- 


Fihla, V , hide, conceal. 


simbe. 


bury the dead. 


nmFanyana, n., dim. of 


iFindo, «., knot in string. 


umfana, small boy. 


Finya, v , blow the nose. 


(nl)uFasimbe, n. (umfansi- 


Finyana, ?-., (fica), find. 


mbe), beat, mist. 


i^inyela, t'., draw up 


iFatje, «. (Dutch vaatje), 


.. limbs. 


cask, barrel. 


Finyeza, v. tr., shorten. 


islFazana, ii., human fe- 


reduce. 


male. esjDecially a p;irl. 


Fipala, r., be pale, 


umFazi, //., woman, wife. 


change colour, be ob- 


umkami, nmkako, 


scured. 


umkake = my,thy, 


Fisa^ v., desire, want a 


his wife. 


thing, wish for a thing. 


imFe, 7i., sweet reed. 


Fitjane, adj., short. 


Feba, v., commit adult- 


umFitjane, n., dwarf. 


ery. 


iFitjane, n., femur. 


islFebe, w., adulterer. 


umFo, n., enemy. 


adulteress, harlot. 


umfo wetn ^ my 


nmFece, n., small snuflF 


friend. 


hoK. 


islFO. »., sickness. 


(il)iFefe, /j., sparrow. 


Fonla, I'., burst out from, 


iziFefe, 7u, shot. 


escaj)e, break through 


Fela, r. (fa), die for, die 


a fence. 


at, in. p.(j. Wa fela 


Fola, r., take snuff, sniff 


abantn = he died for 


men, Wa fela ekaya 


— lie died at home. 


medicine. 


nmFelokaii, »., widow. 


amaFofiosi, n., bran of meal- 


nmFetu, n. (=umfo wetu = 


ies, chaff. 


umfana wetu;, com- 


iliFn, /I., cloud. 


rade. 


isiFuba, n., chest, breast 


(nl)nFezela, n., scorpion. 


bosom. 


Fica, t?., find, come up 


umFudhlana,) «., rivulet, 
isiFudhlana,/ stream, 


with, meet with, over- 


take. 


watercourse. 


Fica ilihlo, wink. 


iFudu, n., tortoise. 



Fud 



( 108 ) 



Gad 



Pndiimala, v., see Kudu- 

mala. 
Fugamela, i?., sit on eggs 
as a hen, sit waiting 
for some one or some- 
thing in one place. 
umFugo, n., larp:e snuif-box. 
iFugudu, /?., large pigeon. 
Fugula, f ., lift. 
Fula, v., gather fresli 
vegetables for daily 
consumption. 
umFula, ?t., river. 

Fulatela, v., turn one's 

back on. 
Fulela, V. tr., shade, 
shelter, thatch, cover 
up sefeds in the ground, 
harrow. 
Fumbatai v., close the 
hand. 
imFumbe, n., lots, a thing 
held in the closed hand 
to be giiessed. 
euzelaimfumbe,cast 
lots. 
umFumfu, ninth month 
after the dance, the 
general d igging month . 
Fuiia, ^;, seek. 
Funa, v.^ swear an oath. 
■ugnFuna, n., an oath. 

Funda, v., learn. 
nmFundi, ?«., learner, pupil. 
Fundisa, v., teach, per- 
suade, instruct. 
umFnndisi, n., teacher, mis- 
sionary. 
Funyana, v. (finyana), 
find, recover, come up 
to. 
Funza, v., feed child. 
umFunza, tz,, packet, parcel. 



Fnpala, v. (Fipala), 

cliange colour. 
Fuqa, v., (1) throb, beat 

as heart ; (2) push. 
Fusa, v., strip hair from 

skin, or bark from stick 

by heating, make stick 

straight by heating. 
amaFusi, n., old, deserted 

gardens. 
Futa, ^?;.,(l)throbpain- 
Futela,/ fully ; (2) smelt. 
Fuya, v., own, possess, 

keep animals. 
im(i)Fuyo, n., possessions, 

property. 
Fuza, v., strip off old 

thatch. 



islGa, n., used in the phrase 
a ni lasiga, I have no- 
thing to do with it, it 
is not my business, it 
is no fault of mine. 
isiGaba, n., company or 
troop of soldiers, a 
division of a town. 
Gabela, v., straddle. 
inGabuzana, n., see ili- 
Ngabuzana), stork. 
Gaca, v., find out a thief, 
find out a man by his 
speech. 
Gada, ^;., canter, ride 
horseback. 
(il)iGade, n., lump of dry 
earth, dung, a brick. 
amaGade, n. dry 
lumpy mud. 



Gaq ( 199 ) Gig 


isiGaqa, »., a very stout 


Gava, v., load a gun. 


person. 


IGavu, n., a charge of 


Gahle, adv. (Hie) gradu- 


gunix)wder. 


ally, uicely, gently, 


Gaxa, v.y wear sash 


well. 


fashion over the shoul- 


(uljuGaku, ;i., name of a tree. 


der, or wear a blanket 


inGalaue, n., stage, scaffold, 


with one shoulder out. 


bedstead. 


isiGaxa, n., ball. 


inGalo,n., arm of the body. 


Gaya, v., grind (corn). 


(nljuGala, w., forearm, and 


iliGazi.;^,Kl ^^ 
inGazi, ?t,j "'""''• 


leg below the knee, 


shin. 


opa igazi, bleed. 


Gama, v., catch (a ball). 


umGazi, rt., red- white eye 


Gamula, v., chop down 


beads. 


trees. 


Ge, (1) aiix. r., giving 


Gafia, v., be mischievous. 


the sense of having 


rude, saucy, impudent, 


done a thing once,f.</. 


play tricks, trick. 


Wa ge wa hlala lapo 


(il)iGafia, n., uninhabited 


= once he lived there; 


country, desert. 


(2) a suffix of courtesy 


umGane, /j., an acquaint- 


= please, e.g. Tulage 


ance. 


= kindly be quiet, cf. 


inGane, Ji., baby. 


Tiilabo=Shut up. 


Ganu, adj., yellow, 


amaGebe, n., ends of calicx) 


orange colour. 


to hang down, tassels. 


iGanu, /i., a light brown, 


Gedhleza, v., rattle, rum- 


cream-coloured, or yel- 


ble over stones. 


low ox. 


amaGefia, n. (amaTeza), sol- 


iGanu yeqanda, yolk 


dier ants. 


of an egg. 


umGenquga, w., steep place. 


nmGann, ji., (1) the tree; 


inGepezi, /^. piece of broken 


(2) wooden bowl, vase. 


calabasli. 


trough, vessel made 


Geza, r. (Keza), wash. 


from the tree. 


umGibe, 7i., anything on 


Ganugisa, «., tease, tan- 


which clothes are hung 


talize. 


to dry, clothes line. 


iGanyana, n., wild dog. 


clothes horse. 


(iljiQapa, n., can, bucket, 


Gibe, pron., to them ; at 


pail. 


their, his, her home. 


igapalogTikeza,bath. 


Gida, v., dance. 


Gaqa, r., crawl, creep. 


Giga, I-., bruise, crush, 


inOatja, /<., l>ough, branch. 


{K>und in mortar,stamp 


InGatjanyana, «., twig. 


corn. 


Gaula, v., see Gamula. 


InGiga, /j., wooden mortar. 



Gi? 



( 200 ) 



Gub 



ximGi|o,}'*' w^^e^ Pestle. 
Gijiina, i'., see Kitjima. 
isiGijimi, n., see isiKit- 
jimi. 
Gimi, coiij. pron., to me. 
Giui, conj. pron., to you ; 
3'our place. 
Bagini, your people. 
Ginqa, v., perspire, sweat. 
Ginya, v., swallow. 
Giqa, v., roll along. 
isiGiqatuvi, n., dung beetle. 
iliGisi, n.. valley. 

Giti, conj. pron., to us ; 
our place. 
^ Bagiti, our people. 
inGiti, ?j., tobacco pipe. 
isiGiti, ?i., thousand. 

Giya, v., leap as a 
" brave," displaying 
prowess. 
Goba, ^\, be bent, crooked, 
warped, stoop. 
Goba ikanda, bend 
the head. 
inGobelo, n., bow, fish- 
hook. 
Gobisa, v., bend, clinch, 
make crooked. 
nmGobo, n., stick for the 

shield. 
umGodhla, n., bag, sack. 
isiGodhlo, n., royal enclo- 
sure, sera^rlio. 
limGodi,\n. pit, shaft, a 
^ iGodi,/ hole in the earth. 
isiGodo, 71., pole, beam, 
stake. 
(iil)iiGodo, n., log of firewood. 
Godoia, V. int., be cold. 
iGogO, 71., klipspringer. 
umGogodhla, 7i., backbone, 
spine. 



Golwa, V. pass. Gaba. 
iGoka, n., klipspringer. 
Gola, v., catch (fish). 
(il)iGola, 71., common grey 
wild cat. 
iGolo, 71., anus. 
inGoma, n., song, hymn. 
Gomonqisa, v., turn a 

vessel upside down. 
Gona, v., caress, embrace. 
inGono, n., stalk of a pump- 
kin. 
Gonyula, v., strain in 

vomiting, retching. 
Goqa, v., double, fold, 
roll up. 
nmGoqo, n., (1) bar to close 
kraal gate or hut door ; 
(2) head ornament of 
women. 
Goqoza, v., (1) scuttle (of 
rats), rattle; (2) stir 
the pot that the food 
does not burn, twirl 
feather in ear to clear 
wax. 
inGosi, 
inGoxo, 
inGoxwana, 

inGozi, 7i., accident, danger, 
peril. 
Gu, pron., thee, thou, it ; 
see table of pronouns 
in " Notes." It is used 
as a pronoun for all 
classes of nouns. 
Gu, prep., by, at, from, 
to; used in comparison, 
see " Sentences." 
inGuane, n., hat, cap. 
Guba umGubo, v., rattle 
on shield with a stick. 
Gubo, conj. pro7i., Gibo, 
to them. 



ui., rec 
jniche. 



recess, 
corner. 



Gub 



( 201 ) 



6wa 



inGubo, n., blanket, skin 
covering, chaff of 
meiilies, husk. 
inGubo yempi, cot- 
ton sheet. 
Gubuza, v.y cover, cover 
eyes with the baud, 
cover as scum covers 
water. 
Gubuzela, r., deceive. 
Gudhla, V. tr., wear away 
by friction, rasp. 
isiGudhlu, «., a rasp. 
iGudu. /<., smoking horn. 
Gudula, i\ tr , smear the 
body with grease, etc. 
Guga, v., be old, aged, 
decayed, worn out. 
iliGugu, n , preciousness. 
legugu, valuable, 
precious. 
Guko, conj. pron.j to it. 
Gula, I'., be sick, ill. 
Gulo, conj. proii., to it. 
inGulube, ;i., (1) pig; (2) 
in plur., the three 
stars in Orion's sword 
sheath. 
iGuma,/< ,yard, enclosure. 
(iljlGundwana, n., rat. 

Gungubala, v. i., to span 
as a bridge. 
inGupane, n., (1) a disease 
of the lower bowel and 
rectum (perhaps im- 
aginary) ; (2) a variety 
of ant, large black, 
emitting a bad odour. 
Gupela, r., (guPela), 

only, '* That's all!" 
Gnqela, r., (1) cringe, 
stoop forward ; (2) to 
slander secretly in 
whispers. 



Guqa namadolo, 1 
Guqela amadolo, j ' 
bow knees, kneel 
down. 
Gusasa, n.y see guSa, 
early morning, twi- 
light, a.m., to-morrow. 
eGuseni, adv., early 
in day. 
Gusihlwa, ii., see Hlwa, 
evening, gloaming, 
twilight, p.m. 
Guso, couj. pron., to it. 
Gntani, /«., day before 

yesterday. 
Guwe, conj. pron,, to 

thee. 
Guwo, conj. pron., to it, 

to them. 
Guye, conj. pron.,to him, 

to her, to it. 
Guyo, conj. pron., to it, 

to them. 
iGuza, n , bark sack. 
QviZOyConj pron., to them. 
Gwa, past tense form of 

p. pron., Gu. 
Gwabo, poss.pron., their, 
its ; see " Notes." 
amaGwadhla, n., old mealies. 
umGwadi, n., nettle. 
(i)liGwai, n., tobacco, snuff. 
Gwake, poss. pron., his, 
her, its ; see " Notes." 
Gwako, poss. pron., thj% 
thine, its ; see " Notes." 
Gwala, v., write. 
iliGwala, n., coward. 
inGwalati, n., sable ante- 
lope. 
Gwalo, poss. pron.y its; 
see •' Notes." 
(Tll)uQwalo, n., letter, book, 
par)er, calico when 
very stiff. 



Gwa 



( 202 ) 



Ham 



Ingwalo zomlimo, 

the Scriptures. 
Gwami, poss. j>ron., my, 

mine ; see "Notes." 
Gwaso, poss. jyron.., its. 
Gwawo, })Oss. pron., its, 

tlieir ; see "Notes." 
Gwayo, poss. pron., its, 

their ; see " Notes." 
Gwaza, v. tr., pierce, 

stab, spear. 
GwSLZO,poss. pron., their ; 
.see " Notes." 
inGwe, n., leopard. 
(il)iGwebu, \scum, froth, 
inGwebu, n., j foam from 
mouth ; lather. 
pupuma igwebu, 
lather ; see pehla. 
Gwedhla, v., move on, 

move away. 
Gwegwa, v. t., hook. 
isiGwegwe,\7i., a hook, 
inGwegwe,J crook. 
uluGwembe, n., plank, box, 
anything made of 
plank. 
ugwembe Iwogu- 
dblela, table, man- 
ger. 
Gwenu, po.'is.pron., your; 
see " Notes." 
inGwenya, n., crocodile. 
Gwetu, po.^s. pron., our ; 
.see " Notes." 
inGwevii,n., a black or red 
ox, speckled face, 
throat, and belly. 
(i)liGwili, n., potato. 
lliGwotjubane, n., kind of 
beetle, black v^^ith 
yellow transverse 
stripes. 



H 

Ha, int., exclamation of 

wonder. 
Haba, v., take food before 
the others begin. 
umHadhlana, 7i. (dim. of 

umhali), a child. 
. islHabadhla, n., strong 
beer. 
Hahalaza, ?\, prevaricate, 
beat about the bush, 
tell lies. 
Habamela, v., (1) gour- 
mandize, gorge ; (2) 
growl, snarl. 
islHaisi, n. (house), white 
man's house. 
Haka, v. (Haga), steal. 
(i)liHaka, ?i., a thief. 

Halada, v. {cf. Kuza), 
scold, abuse, black- 
guard. 
umHali, w., a person, a male 

person. 
amaHalihali, n., barren 
country, a desert. 
umHalikazi, 7i., a female 
person. 
Hamba, v., go, move, in 
any manner, walk, 
travel, flow. 
Hamba guhle, (1) 
farewell greeting 
to a person leav- 
ing ; (2) be in good 
health. 
Hamba lamandhla, 

go quickly. 
Hamba nyovane, go 
backward, walk 
backwards. 



Ham 



( 2(X3 ) 



Hla 



ng^Hamba, /«., goinp:, man- 


(il)iHele, 71., train or row of 


ner, practice, journe}'. 


people on the march, 


Hambela, r., jrain- 
Hambahamba, v. , j ble 


Indian file. 


uHelehele, n., liar. 


about aimlessly, go for 


Heleza, r., tell lies, de- 


a walk, wander. 


ceive. 


umHambi, n., traveller. 


(Ti)liiHelwane, n., sparrow- 


Hambisa, v., help or 


hawk. 


make to go, send. 


Hema, v. t., hurry away 


Hanqa, v. tr., surround, 


from, run away from. 


clo.-e in on. 


(iDlHembe, «., shirt. 


Hasa, v., raid, devastate. 


(i)liHeme, n. (or Hemu), 


iHatanana, n., one veho 


white crane. 


speaks in a strange 


Hena, v. t., laugh at, de- 


language. 


ride. 


Hatjehatje, (ulj., rough. 


Hetja, r., mow, cut grass. 


umHau, /*., (1) thirst; (2) 


Heva, v., halloa. 
Hiniza, v., speak, being 


greed. 


lomhau, thirsty, 


imperfectly under- 


greedy. 


stood. 


isiHau, n., pity, compas- 


Hitja, V. t, (1) choke, 


sion. 


suffocate, smother ; (2) 


lesihao, pitiful, com- 


catch foot in hole, trip 


passionate. 


up, tie in knot, stick 


iliHan,/*., small shield used 


in the throat. 


in herding or on a 


islHitjelo, «., noose. 


journey. 


Hla, r. /., chance, hap- 


Haugela', v. tr. 


I)en. 


Haugela umuntn. 


nmuHla, //., dav. 


jtity a person. 


umHlanalo, 7t.,that 


Haugela izinto, 


day, when. 


covet things. 


lamHla, «., to-day. 


Hauza, v , commend. 


Hlaba, v., stab, poke, 


isiHaxa, ;t., beer of a bad 


pierce, prick, puncture, 


ta.-^te. 


kill an animal for 


Haya, v. t.^ sing war 


meat, slaugliter. 


songs. 


Hlaba umkosi, raise 


Hebeza, v., whisper. 


an alarm. 


IHehe, ?t , a black and 


Hlaba fienhloni, 


white ox, the colours 


shame (act). 


running into one an- 


Hlabisa inhloni, i\. 


other. 


sliame (act). 


Hehezela, v., breathe 


umHlaba, n., land, country, 


short, pant. 


territory, world. 



Hla 



( 204 ) 



Hla 



inHlabano, ?*., battle, con- 


Hlala, V, sit, stay, re- 


flict, war. 


main, stop, wait, last, 


inHlabati, ;t., mould, soil. 


endure. 


isiHlabati) ,, oo«;i,r 


Hlala fiaye, malign 

him, 
Hlala emanzini, 


Hlabela, v.,{i) sacrifice ; 


wait for death, be 


(2) sing, chantk 


in the last extre- 


isiHlabelo, n., song, hymn. 


mity, medicine. 


isiHlabo, n., (1) a file ; (2) 


et(i,, of nb avail. 


stitch in side, stabbing 


uguHlala, n., behaviour. 


pain in chest. 


.custom, habit, manner. 


Hlabusa, v., smack lips. 


Hlalela, v., wait for, 


Hlafuna, v., chew, mas- 


wait on. 


ticate. 


umHlali, n., " cream of tar- 


umHlafuto, n., castor oil 


tar " tree. 


tree. 


islHlalo, V:, seat, stool, 


(u)luHlaga, n., fowl Coop. 


chair. 


inHlaga, 7i., gum. 


isiHlalo sepiza, 


islHlagala, n., (iQagala), 


saddle. 


ankle. 


ubuHlalu, n.f beads. 


Hlaganipa, v., be clever. 


Hlaluga, v., appear, or 


cautious^ wise, dexter- 


do a thing suddenly. 


ous, sensible, smart, 


e^g. Wa hlaluga wa 


skilful, sagacious, 


suga = he suddenly 


shrewd. 


left. 


nguHlaganipa, ??;, wisdom* 


iilHlama, n.^ dough (mealy 


Hlagazega, v. int., (1) be 


meal arid honey 


in disorder; (2) be in 


mixed). 


pain. 


Hlamba, v., (1) swim; 


Hlagula, V. tr., weed. 


(2) blaspheme. 


umHlagulo, ri., shovel. 
Hlahla, v., chop up meat. 


umHlambi, n., flock, herd. 


troop of animals. 


open, lance an abscess. 


Hlambuluga, v. int., be 


Hlahla indhlela, 


cleansed, pure. 


make a new road. 


Hlambulula, v. tr., 


isiHlahla, ?i,, tree. 


cleanse, purify. 


islHlahlana, n., shrub. 


umHlamunye, n., day after 


amaHlahla, n., bushes cut 


to-morrow. 


for fencing. 


inHlamva, n., earth-worm. 


(ul)uHlahlalmye, n., name of 


iiiHlamvana, n., speck, 


a tree. 


dot. 


Hlajwa, pass, of Hlaba. 


inHlamvazana, n., a red 




heifer. 



Hla 



( 205 ) 



Hla 



inHlamvn, w., one, an qnit, 

an individual. 

inHlamvu yelihlo, 

pui)il of eye. 
inHlamvu yesihla- 
hla, berry of a 
tree, 
(nl uHlamvn, /i., bullet. 
amaHlamvu, «,, leaves of a 
trt*e. 
inHlamvukazi, ;;., a red 

cow or ewe. 
umHlana, n., that day, 

wben. 
UinHlana, n., (1) reed; (2) 
pipe or reed used for 
musical purposes. 
(ul)iiHlafia, dry i 
stalk. I 

ainaHlana, in loc. ; 
£mhlaneni,among ' 
the reeds. 
Hlafiabeza, v. tr., go to 
meet some one. 
umHlafiamalainbo, »., bam- 
boo. 
Hlanana, r. int., meet, 
be allietl, be in con- 
tact. 
Hlananisa, r. tr., place 
together, mix, mingle, 
splice, join, connect, 
unite. 
inHlafiano, n., union, 
meeting, confluence, 
junction. 
Hlafianyela, v., take 
part with. 
umHlandhla, m., (1) back of 
the body; (2) barrel 
of a i::,nu. 
Hlanegela, v., (1) turn 
inside out; (2) mis- 
represent. 



inHlanhla, «., (1) good 
luck ; (2) sujjeriority. 
inhlanhla imbi, bad 
luck. 
isiHlano, n., name of a 
tree. 
(Til)iiHlafioti, n,, side of the 

l)ody. 
(iz)inHlan8i, iu /?/., sparks of 
fire. 
Hlanu, adj., five (5). 
islHlanu, n.. war shield. 
Hlanula, v., (l) help, as- 
sist, rescue ; (2) sift. 
uHlanala, «., fifth month 
after the dance, the 
harvest montli. 
Hlanya, v., be obstinate, 
wild, turbulent, mad, 
crazy, insane. 
(ii)luHlanya, ??., obstinate, 
wild, mad person. 
Hlanyela, r. (c/. Knku- 
ba), sow seed. 
inHlanyelo, ??., seed. 
Hlanza, r., (1) wash or 
rinse vessels, etc. ; (2) 
vomit. 
Hlanzega, v., be in a 
cleansed condition. 
InHlanzi, n., fish. 

Hlanzisa, v., clean thor- 
oughly, help or make 
to clean. 
Hlasela, v., go to war, 
raid, devastate, in- 
vade. 
umHlati, n., (1) jaw; (2) 
lock of a gun. 
IHlati, n., thick bush or 
wood. 
islHlati, 77., cheek. 
iHlatu, n , python. 



Hla 



( 206 ) 



Hlo 



Hlanla, v., ransom, re- 


inHliziyo, n., heart, tem- 


compense, pay penalty, 


per. 


fine, propitiate, re- 


vusa inhliziyo, 


deem. 


cheer, comfort. 


inHlaulo, «., penalty. 


inhliziyo imhlope, 


umHlaza, n., sweet purple 


good spirits or 


potato. 


temper, well dis- 


(n)lnHlaza, ??., green pasture. 


posed, happy. 


Hie, adj., good, nice, 


a fii lanhliziyo, de- 


pleasant, pretty, neat, 


pressed, dejected. 


clean. 


downhearted. 


islHle, n., gift, present. 


lenhliziyonye, un- 


Hleba, v. tr. (ceba). 


animous. 


slander. 


iliHlo, n. (amehlo, pi), (1) 


Hlega, v., laugh, ridi- 


eye, in;^^. countenance ; 


cule, deride, mock. 


(2) foresight of a gun. 


smile. 


amehlo amhlope ! 


Hlegela indhlela, 


the usual form of 


grin. 


congratulation on 


Hlegisa, v., cause to 


an escape, or re- 


laugh, hence be comic, 


covery. Literally 


absurd, mimic. 


" w^hite eyes." 


inHlegwana, n., a black ox 


enza amehlo amhlo- 


wi th small white flame- 


pe, congratulate. 


shaped spots. 


ficailihlo, wink. 


Hlehla, v., (hamba in- 


twala amehlo, ) 
kitjimisa amehlo,/ 


yovane), walk back- 


wards. 


be vigilant, on the 


Hlefia, v., push along 


look out. 


gently. 


tonsa amehlo, at- 


isiHleni, n., island. 


tract attention. 


islHlepu, n.j bit, piece 


Hloba, V. i. and tr., (1) 


broken or chipped off. 


turn sour ; (2) shrug 


Hlepuga, v., (1) be 


shoulders. 


broken, chipped; (2) 


(ul)TlHlobo, n., class, quality. 


wane of moon. 


kind, sort, breed, spe- 


Hlepula, \v. tr., chip, 
Hlepuna,/ break off. 


cies, tribe, nation, 


rank. 


Hligihla, v., rub, rub in 


nmHlobo, n., a relation. 


medicine. 


(il)iHlobo, n., summer 


Hlihla, V. i. (or Hlwihl- 


rainy season. 


wa), suppurate. 


(u)luHlofa, n., bad odour. 


Klinza, v., (1) skin an 


stench. 


animal; (2) slander a 


(il)iHloga, 71., axe, hatchet. 



person. 



Hlo 



( 207 ) 



HIu 



inHlogo, n., head, summit. 
isiHlogo, n., top of the 
head, vertex, tip, thin 
end or tip of a stick 
or pole, peak of a hill, 
knob. 
Hlogoma, v., to make a 
^reat swelling; sound, 
as war-song, sing, 
resound. 
Hlogoza, v., poke, thrust. 
Hlohla, v., ram corn in 
a sack, etc., stuff tight. 
umHlohlo, n.j rifle, B. L. 
Hlola, v., sp3-, scout, ex- 
plore. 
uHlolanja, 71., first month 
after the great dance. 

imiHlolo ! interj., bad luck ! 
lemiHlolo, adj., ominous. 
Hloma, V. t., (1) stick up- 
right in the ground ; 
(2) arm for war. 
Hloma umnceba, 

thread needle. 
Hloma amayezi, 
lower (o! the 
clouds). 
(il)iHlombe, n., shoulder. 
Hlomela, v., arm for 
war. 
umHlona, «., mane. 
umHlonhlo, n., euphorbia 

tree. 
inHloni, w., shame. 

Hlabisa inhloni, 
mako ashamed. • 
Hlonipa, r., respect, re- 
vere, honour; Ixj polite, 
nio<lest. 
inHloQzi, ti., wrinkles on 
brow, etc 



Hlosa, v., rub corn in 

hand. 
IHlozi, n , cheetah. 
uluHlu, n., rank of men, line 
of people facins; front, 
si hlezi uluhlu, we 
are sitting in line. 
Hluba, v., pare, peel, 
shell beans, strip bark, 
cast skin, change coats. 
iHlnbo, n., rind. 
Hlubula, r., undress, 
strip naked. 
umHlubulo, u., ribs of meat, 
flank of an animal. 
IHluguzo, w., bunch of 
loads. 
(il)iHluli, 71., clot of blood. 
HI lima, I'., (1) bud, 
sprout, shoot, come up, 
put forth leaves ; (2) 
moult, 
gn Hlumizihlahla, n. , 
spring. 
amaHlnfia, ?i., green pasture, 
after the old grass 
is burnt oflf. 
ubuHlunu, 71., (1) pain ; (2) 
gunpowder. 

lobuhlunu, painful, 
zwela ubuhlufiu, 
sympathize. 
Hlufiula, v., sift. 
Hlupa, V. {pass, hln- 
tjwa), annoy, vex, tor- 
ment, trouble molest, 
oppress, persecute, 
afflict. 
Hlupega, V. int., be an- 
noyed, etc. 
inHlupego, i)., affliction 
annoyance. 
Hlutuga, v., come off. as 
hair. 



Hlu 



( 208 ) 



Hum 



Hluza, v., strain liquids. 
umHluzi, n.i broth, .soup. 
isiHluzo, ??., strainer. 
umuHlwa, ?^, white ants, 
termites. 
Hlwa, ?'., become dark, 
at evening. 
gusiHlwa, at twi- 
light. 
umHlwazi, n., a variety of 
snake, non-poisonous, 
with longitudinal 

stripe. 
eliloinblwazi,striped 
calico. 
Hlwihlwa, v. (Hlilila), 
suppurate. 
(il)iHlwili, n., clot of blood. 
umHofu, n., rhinoceros, 
large white variety. 
Hohoba, v., stalk game. 
Hola, ?"., drag along the 
ground. 

Hola impi, lead an 

impi. 
Hola umlota, clear 

away ashes. 
Hola izibi, clear 
away rubbish. 
Holela, v., (1) drag or 
draw for; (2) shade 
the eyes, looking at a 
distant object. 
umHoleli, n., leader, as of a 

wagon, or impi. 

(i)liHoli, n., one who drags 

his blanket, i.e. a 

liSwina, a slave. 

uuiHolo, n., hole of a hollow 

tooth. 
TimHome, n. (umHuine), 
hole opening upwards, 
as in ants' nest, or a 
chimney. 



(u)liiHonoiio, n., doubt. 
islHonqo, ??., camp, shelter 
for sleeping, skarum. 
iHopo, ?i., pit, a trap to 

catch game. 
Hoqa, v., snore. 
Hotja, v., sniff, as medi- 
cine. 
umHotja,! ^.,chasm,ravine, 
isiHotja,/ gorge, kloof. 



Hoza, 



express un- 



belief by exclamation. 
Huba, v., sound as swarm 
of bees, chant, sing. 
(il)iHubo, »i., war song. 

Hubula, ?;., draw liquid 

through pipe, suck up. 

Hilda, ?;., have diarrhoea. 

Huda igazi, have 

dysenter.y. 

Hudhlula, ?;., glance off 

as a bullet, graze. 
Hudisa, v. t., purge. 
Huga, v., (1) steal; (2) 

tease, irritate. 
Huhuza, v., skin an 

animal hurriedly. 
Hukutja, ?;., bleed from 

the nose. 
Hula, ?\, cut the hair, 
shave. 
u ya fii hula amanga 
= you slander me. 
IHulahula, n., ox with- 
out horns, 
Hulula, ?;., shell mealies, 

strip off mealies. 
Huma, v., do a thing 
much or for long. 
ba huma ugugwaza 
— they killed very 
many. 
umHuma, n., anything very 
great. 



Hum 



( 201) ) 



Jay 



nmhnma wekuba= 

a very biu: hoe. 
TimHnine, /i. (umHome), 
den, liole, cave. 
Hnmutja, r., interpret. 
Humuzela, v., hum as 

voices in distiince. 
Hntja, v., see Huma. 
(i)liHwabai, ii., crow. 
amaKwahwa, n., inside fat 
of an animal. 
Hwama, v., be thirsty. 
IHwanda,/;., small plaited 
basket. 
(ijUHwanqa, /«., a black and 
white ox, the colours 
beinp in large spots. 
(i)liHwanqana, n. (inGwe), 
leopard. 
Hwapa, u., (1) express 
disgust, ugh ! (2) hiss. 
Hwapela, v., snarl. 
Hwaqa, v., make wry 
face, frown, knit the 
brows. 
islHwefika,! »., green 
iHwenka,/ parrot. 
Hwita, v., steal w^hen 
owner sees. 



I, pron., it, them ; see 
Table of Pronouns in 
"Not-es." "r'issome- 
f times used as a general 

pronoun for all classes 
, except the first, or per- 

sonal class. 
Ul(ii)lmi, /{., tongue, language. 
veza ulimi, put out 
^ the tongue. 



Imi, (1) p. pron., I ; (2) 
cotij. proji. for fiami, 
by me, e.g. wa bulawa 
imi = he was killed by 
me. 

Ifiabi, adv., perhaps 
probably, or. 
ugwlndhla, n., autumn. 

Ini, proii., what ( = 1 + 
ni q.v.y. 

Ipi, adv. (pi), where. 

Isa, V. (Sa), take. 

Iti, coil J. pron. for Ha- 
iti, by us, on account 
of us. 

Izolo, adv., yesterday. 



isija, n., vessel, basin, 
basket, bowl, plate. 
isija sensoga, dish. 
Jabula, r. /., be cheerful 
be merry, rejoice, de- 
light. 
ngniJabula, n., joy. 

Jagala, v., gambol of 
lambs, etc. 
(i)liJahha, «., youth, grown 
boy, a young man not 
having yet received 
the head-ring. 
ubuJahha. n., youth, young 

mannood. 
amaJakalatje, ?^, mirage. 
Jamalala, "., faint. 
Jayela, v., be accus- 
tomed, in the habit of, 
to practise, e //. jayela 
nguza, come freciuent- 

ly- 

Jayeza, r. tr,, accustom. 



Jej 



( 210 ) 



Kaf 



(nl)llJeje, ??., a variety of 
grasshopper. 
uinJeli,7<.,old bull elephant. 
Jefiisa, v., show, point 

out. 
Jeza, ?'., reprove. 
isiJeza, ??., porridge, 
umjibila, n., snare for birds 
of twigs and string. 
Jigijela, v., throw the 
kerry, to strike with 
the icerry. 
Jiffiza, v., suffer. 
Jila, v., see Tjila. 
Ji&a, v., continue. 
isiJino, n., nape of the neck. 
Jiya, v., become thick, 

as porridge. 
Jiyega, v., be viscous. 
isiJiyo, n., throng, crowd. 
Jobulala, i?. tr., separate 
strands of bark or 
fibre. 
Joja, v., look at with evil 
eye (hate). 
(il)iJokwe, n., yoke. 

iJoli, n.y black or red ox 
with a white tail or 
brush. 
iliJoli fiomsila, 
white brush of a 
tail, the tail itself 
being red or black. 
isiJoli, n. (? isAjoli), vene- 
real disease. 
(il)iJoto, n., wild pumpkin. 
inJovela, n., venereal 
disease. 
Juba, adj., blue, slate- 
coloured. 
(il)iJuba, n., dove. 
(i)liJubane, n., swiftness, 
rapidity, speed. 
lejubane, rapid. 



Jubuluga, v., rebound, 

spring back. 
Juluga, v., sweat, per- 
spire. 
Jnma, v., hunt. 
isiJumba, n., bag of gun- 
powder. 
umJumi, n., hunter. 

iJumo, 11., the hunt, sport. 
Juqula, v., jerk. 
Jwayela, see Jayela. 



K 

Ka, v., pass, kiwa, (1) 
pick, gather fruit, etc. ; 
(2) dip, ladle, fetch 
water. 
Ka, aux. v., (1) yet ; (2) 
sign of negation ; see 
"Notes." 
amaEa, n., perfume, scent. 
Kaba, v., cf. Kahlela, 
kick, of animals. 
(i)liKaba, n., plants of mea- 
lies or corn before the 
ear is shown. 
InEaba, n., navel, um- 
bilicus. 
umKaba, n., pot belly. 
(i)liKabe, n., water melon, 
inKabi, n., ox, bullock, any 
castrated animal. 
Kabili, adv., twice. 
Kade, adv., long ago. 
Kafula, v., expectorate, 
spit. 
Kafulela amate, spit 
at one in sign of 
contempt. 



Kah 



( 211 ) 



Ean 



Kahlela, v. (1) bloom, of 
flowers, put forth flow- 
ers ; (2) kick, of liuman 
beings, cf. Kaba, 
inEaka, /»., pangolin, or 
scaly man is. 
Kakamela, r., stutter. 
(ulmKakayi, /<., skull. 
TunKake = nmfazi wake, 

his wife. 
umKako = umfazi wako, 
thy wife. 
Kakuln, adv.^ very, 
much, 
Kaknlnkulu, very 
much, very great. 
Kala, r., (1) call, cry, 
scream, shriek, squall, 
yell, ring of a bell, 
bang of a gun, all 
cries of animals may 
be so rendered : (2) 
mourn, lament. 

Kala inyembezi, 

weep. 
nniEala, n., cord, or stick 

fixed in a cow's nose. 
islKala, n., pass in hills, 
gap in a fence, open 
space between towns, 
opening, opportunity. 
(i)liKala, w., nostril, muzzle 
of a gun. 
in Kala, ?*., crab. 
InKalagata, n., a great, 
huge, or very difficult 
tiling. 
iKalake, ». (Dutch), lime. 
Kalala, r., be discon- 

tt'iitod. 
Kalela, r., console, 

mourn for. 
Kali, oi/j. (1) sharp; (2) 
smart, quick. 



nbnKali, n. (1) sharpness, 
also edge; (2) smart- 
ness. 
iziKali, /?., weapons. 

Kalima, v. (1) turn 
cattle; (2) low, of cows. 
Kalimela, r., chide, re- 
buke, reprove, scold. 
Kalisa, r., crack whip, 

fire gun, ring bell. 
Kalipa, t\, l)e bold, 
bravo. 
(ul)uKalo, 1 «., (1) a pass, a 
(ul)iiKaln, j nek; (2) waist, 
hip, loin. 
Kama, v., (1) press, 
S(]ueeze, wring clothes, 
drain dry ; (2) throttle, 
smother, stifle, suffo- 
cate. 
inKamanzi, 7i., cf, npigo, 
lower lip. 
umKamanzi, «., variety of 
mimosa, the first in 
leaf. 
nmKami = nmfazi wami, 
my wife. 
Kamisa, r., open the 
mouth wide. 
Indhlela i kamisile 
= the road is very 
plain (or clear). 
umKamu, ?i., lead. 

Kancinyane, arfr., for a 

little while. 
Kanda. f., strike (of a 
smith), forge, pound, 
crush. 
Kanda fiamatje, pelt 
with stones. 
(il)iKanda, n., hoad. 

Goba ikanda, bow 
the head. 



Leg 



( 212 ) 



Kat 



Legnza fiekanda, 

110(1 the head. 
Nigina ikanda, 
shake tlio head. 
inKanda, n., crown of the 
head. 
umKandhlo, n., g:ap or 
opening in the bush. 
Kafiiela, v., look, see, ex- 
amine. 
Kafiela pezulu, be 
upright, of a pole, 
etc. 
Kafielana, v., be opixjsite 

to one another. 
Kanefii, adv., often. 
Kanefiineni, very 
often. 
Kafieza, v., hold hands 

to receive. 
Kangake, adv., how 

often. 
Ka&gaga, adv., so much, 

so great. 
Kanganana, adv., so 
little. 
inKani, n., strife. 

Piga inkani, stir up 
strife. 
Kanjalo, adv., so. 
Kanjani, adv , how. 
(il)iKanka, n., silver jackal. 
iKankili, n., tin of 

powder. 
Kanti ! inter j., that's 
true, of course, how- 
ever, you know, etc. 
TunKantJTi, n., marrow, 
pith. 
inKantju, n., cramp. 
umKanu, n. ; see umGanu. 
umKafiu, n., (1) new pot 
not yet burnt or baked ; 
(2) birth mark. 



Eannga, v., want, de- 
sire. 

Kanula, v., strain at 
stool. 

Kanya, v., (1) shine, be 
bright, luminous, con- 
spicuous ; (2) be coarse, 
of calico. 
uguKanya, n., light. 

Kanye, adv., altogether, 
at once, together, sud- 
denly. 
inKanyezi, n., star. 

Kanyisa, v., make lu- 
minous, illuminate, 
polish. 

Kanywa, v. pass, of 
Kama, be choked, 
stifled. 
iKapa, n. ; .9ee iGapa. 

£asa, v., crawl of chil- 
dren. 
iKasi, n., rind, shell of 
egg, cast skin of snake, 
leafy envelope of 
mealy cob, peelings, 
husk, chewed refuse 
of sweet reed. 

Katala, v., be tired, 
wea.ry. 

Katatu, adv., thrice. 

Kataza, v. tr., trouble, 
tire. 

Katazega, v., be tired. 

Katesi, adv., already, 
directly, now, imme- 
diately. 
islKati, n., time, distance, 
business. 
a ni lasikati, I have 
no business = it is 
no affair of mine. 

Katjana, adv., far, dis- 
tant. 



Eau 



( 213 ) 



Ko 



k 



inEaTi, n., monkey. 

Kaula, V. i., terminate, 

come to an end. 
Kauleza, v. e., be quick, 
hurry. 
umKaulo, «.,end, Ijoundary. 
Kauza, v., retch, have 
feeling of nausea. 
nmEaya, n., a thorn tree, a 
variety of mimosa 
with small hooked 
thorns, the " wait-a- 
bit " thorn. 
(il)iKaya, /?., abode, home. 

eEaya, /oc.,at home. 
amaKaza, />.. cold. 

Gu makaza, it is 
cold. 
umKaza, n., sheep tick. 
inEazana, 71., girl. 
...Eazi, the feminine and 

intensive suffix. 
unEazi, v., wild cat. 
Eazimnla, r., (^^Cwazi- 
mula) shine, glitter, 
sparkle. 
Eazimnlisa, r.tr., poH.sh. 
Ee, jtoss. pron. suffix, 

his, her. 
Eehla, r., give the head- 
ring, thus admitting to 
manhood (ubndoda). 
Eekeza, v., cluck of a 

isiEele, ;»., scissors. 

Eeleza, r., rain heavily. 
umEenki, «., a crack, a 
chap. 

IsiEepe, n. (islEepu), 
l)out, ship. 
Eeta, r., (1) choose, se- 
lect, prefer; (2) pay 
tax, tribute. 
iEetani, n., chain. 



Eetisa, ?'., (I) .sort out; 
(2) tax, collect tax, tri- 
bute. 
am(a)Eeto, 71., tax. 

islEetn, m., beer skimmer. 
islEen, ?{., notch in a knife 

blade. 
isiEeze, ??., a half-filled 
condition. 
enza islEexe, half 
fill. 
Eeza V. (Geza), wash 

oneself. 
Eezela, v., (1) wash for, 
wash another colour ; 
(2) malign another, 
self being guilty. 
Eezisa, ?' , wash clothes, 
dishes, etc. 
(ill)iiEezu, Ti., spoon, dipper, 
ladle. 
Eihliga, v., glow. 
Eiliza, v., speak imper- 
fectly a foreign lan- 
guage. 
Einatela, r., lock a door 
InEintjo, n., noose. 

Eitjima, y., run, rush of 
water. 
isiEitjiml, ?'., runner, mes- 
senger. 
Eitjimisa, r., run fast, 
race. 
Eitjimisa amehlo, 
bo on the alert. 
iliEiwa, ?»., white man. 
TimEiwa(ne), /»., fig tree. 
inEiwane, ;»., pink beads. 
Eiza, r., rain slightly, 
drizzle. 
umEizo, 7)., a shower, Bne 
rain, " Scotch mist" 
Eo. (1) pron.svffiXy thy; 
(2) for Eona q.v. 



Sob 



( 214 ) 



Eon 



amaKoba, n., chaff of Kaffir 
corn, bran. 
inKobe, ;i., boiled corn. 
umKobo, 71., a ghost. 

Kodwa, adv., but, only, 

however. 
iKofi, ??., coffee. 
Kohlisa,i^.,deceive,cbeat, 
seduce, tempt, trick, 
break a promise, neg- 
lect, pretend. 
umKohlisi, ?i., hypocrite, a 
deceiver. 
inKohlo, n., percussion 
cap. 
iKolilo, n., left side. 

flasekohlo gn... on 
the left side of. 
Koblwa, v.t., forget, neg- 
lect. 
Koka, v., (1) pay; (2) 
pull out, as a stick 
from a fence. 
Kokela, v., pay a debt, 
pay for, remunerate, 
recompense. 
Kokela umkonito, 
pay a debt. 
isiKoko, n., skin. 

isikoko sendhlebe, 
wax of ear. 
uKoko, n. {pi oKoko), 
ancestor. 
(ul)uKoko, 71., scab. 

Kokoba, v., cringe. 
umKokodhla, n., spine. 

Kolisa,!?., please, satisfy. 
inKolo, n. {jyl. izinkolo and 
amankolo), wagon, 
cart. 
inkolo yomlilo, rail- 
way train. 
umKolo, ??., canoe, boat, 
ship. 



Kolodela, v., laugh at, 
deride. 
inKolome, »., sassaby. 
Kolwa, v., be satisfied, 
believe, have confi- 
dence in, be contented. 
(i)liKomane, n., vegetable 
marrow, calabash. 
(ul)uKoiiiane, ?i., flat basket 
used for sifting pur- 
poses. 
Komba, v., point, take 
aim, direct. 
uinKombazana,Vi., variety 
iKombazana,] of dove, 
black about eyes, 
small. 
(il)iKombese, n., white wool- 
len blanket. 
Kombisa, v. (1) point, 
present a gun ; (2) 
court a girl, woo. 
imKombo, n., rhinoceros, 
both black and white 
varieties. 
inKomo, n., head of cattle, 
sometimes used fig. of 
sheep, goats, and to 
magnify any article for 
sale. 
inKomokazi, n , cow. 
inKomoyamaswazi, n., a 

variety of beetle. 
inKomozane, n., sassaby. 
Kona,^ro7i., it ; see table 
of pronouns in 

"Notes." 
Kona, adii., present, here, 

there. 
Konapa, adv., here. 
Konapo, adv., there. 
inKoni, w., a black or red 
ox with white back. 
(ul)uKonjane, n., swallow. 



Eon 



( 215 ) 



Koh 



inSonkoni, n., wildebeest. 
Konkota, v., bark (of 

dojrs). 
isiKonkwane, w., peg, nail. 
nmKono, »., shoulder, fore 

le^ of an animal. 
nmEonto, w., spear, assegai, 
properly the blade. 
Eokela nmkonto, 
pay a debt. 
Eonya, r., roar of bull, 
lion, etc. 
inEonyana, n. (pi. aman- 
Eonyana), calf. 
Eonza, r., \)e tributary, 
be vassal, own allegi- 
anco, submit to. 
inEonzo, ;}., a dependent 
subject, not a slave nor 
a paid servant. 
inEope, /«., eyelash, eye- 
lid. 
Eopela, v., to button, 
lock a door. 
islEopelo, 71., button. 
Eopoza, r., spring of 
water, bubble up or 
out. 
inEosana, 71., prince, or 

jM^tty chief. 
InEosazana, ?»., princess. 
inEosi, ;/. (pi. amaEosi), 
king, chief. 
ubuEosi, ii.j kingship, 

royalty, majesty. 
umEosi, 11., an alarm. 

Hlaba umkosi, raise 
an alarm. 
inEosikazi, n. {pi. ama- 
Eosikazi), queen, 

king's wife, European 
lady. 
Eota, v., lick. 
inEota, n , dry grass. 



Eotama, v., bow down, 

cringe, stoop. 
Eotamela, v., bow down 
before. 
amaEotamo, n., verandah, 
eaves. 
isiEova, n., owl. 
amaEoYula, »i., mucus from 

the nostrils. 
(i)liEowa, n.y edible mush- 
room. 
islEowa, ??., a wood, copse. 
isiEowana, «., dim. of isi- 
Eowa, a clump of trees. 
(Til)nEozana, ??., hawk. 
(ul)uEozi, «., eagle. 
(il)iEiiba, n., native hoe, 
spade, pick. 
Eubega, v., stumble. 
timEubo, 71., custom, man- 
ner, practice. 
inEnbn, 7^., elephant. 
inEububulofiwe, 7i., dung 
beetle. 
Eucula, i\, (1) scrape up, 
collect dirt or rubbish, 
rake together ; (2) 
scra|X5 with the feet. 
Eudumala, v., be warm. 
Eudumeza, v. tr., make 
warm. 
isiEudumezi, ti., sultry, 
close weather. 
Euhla, v., rub skin with 
a stone in order to 
make it thinner. 
umEuhla, 72., a falling stick 
trap to catch small 
animals. Usually 

placed in fences. 
umEuhlane, ti., catarrh, 
cold, chill, fever. 
lomEuhlane, un- 
healthy. 



Euk 



( 216 



Kun 



inKnkama, n. (Sechuana), 


Kulumelana, v., discu.ss 


ofemsbok. 


a topic, deliberate on. 


inKuku, ?*., fowl. 


Kuma, v., eat with fin- 


Kukuba, ?;., sow a second 


gers. 


time, first sowing hav- 


umKumbazege, n., variety 


ing failed. 


of beetle. 


inKukukazi, w., hen. 


inKumba, n., shell, esp. 


Kukula, v., see Kucula. 


of snail. 


iziKukula, n., drift-rubbish 


Kumbe, or Kuinbi,a(7v., 


of a river. 


perhaps, probablv. 


Kukumala, v. i., rise, as 


umKumbi, n. {cf. ulu-hlu), 


dough. 


row of things, not of 


Zikukumala, be 


people. 


proud, conceited. 


enza umkumbi, 


Kukumeza, v. tr.^ make 


stand or place in 


proud. 


line. 


Kuknza, v., gnaw. 


(u)luKumbi, n., bank of a 


(u)luKiila, 71., a kind of weed. 


river. 


Kula, V. {cf. Anda), 


Kumbula, v., remember, 


grow, increase, thrive, 


recollect. 


wax of the moon. 


umKumbulo, ) n., remem- 


Kulega, v., (1) ask, beg, 


InKumbulo, > brance. 


pray ; (2) bind, tie. 


isiKumbulo, ) memory, 


Kulegela, v., intercede. 


idea, thought, thing 


£tilisa, v.^ make big, in 


remembered. 


pass., be dignified. 


Kumbuza, v., remind. 


(i)liKulxi, hundred (100). 


Kumuga, v., come loose. 


Kulu, adj., big, great. 


come off the handle, as 


Kulu kakulu, very 


an axe-head. 


great. 


Kumula, v., make loose, 


TiDuKum, 71., greatness, size. 


unfasten, untie, out- 


Kulukazi, adj., huge, 


span, take off brake. 


very great. 


draw knife from 


Kiilula, v., deliver, res- 


sheath, pull out a 


cue, set free, liberate, 


tooth. 


loosen, release. 


islKundhla, ??., hen's nest. 


Kuluma, v., speak, talk. 


inKungu, n., see In-kufiu. 
isiKuni, n., firebrand, in 


uguKuluma, n., speech. 


Kulumana, v., converse. 


pi. " embers." 


Kulumela, v., speak for. 


inKuni, n., firewood. 


recommend, translate. 


inkuni ezilomlilo = 


interpret. 


good firewood = 


Kulunywa, 2^ass. of Ku- 


firewood that 


luma. 


burns well. 



Eun 



( 217 ) 



Lab 



(ul)uKiiiii. n., a dry stick or 

lop:. 
Kunjulwa, v. pass, of 
Kumbula. 
inKunu, /?., morning mist, 

a wet mist. 
InKunzi, n., bull, male of 
beasts, stallion. 
Kupa, r., pull out, take 
out. scoop out, degrade 
from office, deliver up, 
produce. 
isiKupa, n. 

mbegaisiKnpa,put 
him on his trial, 
ama Kupa Vila, n., eaves, ve- 
randah. 
Eupnga, v., depart, start 

on a journey. 
Enpulula, v., discover. 
Kuta, i\, miss the mark, 

miss fire. 
Kutala, v., be diligent, 
zealous, busy, take 
trouble. 
Kutazela, f., be diligent, 

zealous. 
Kuza, w., (1) applaud, 
praise ; (2) condole, 
cheer, sympathize 

(applied onlv to the 
king); (3) scold; (4) 
stop, turn cattle. 
Knza inyoni, keep 
birds away from 
the standing com. 
IsiKwaca, /»., quail. 
inEwali, w., partridge. 
isiKwalipane, ) /^, small 
islKwalirabane, ( pox. 
umKwane ^wo^ani), n,, 
bla«i»' (of jjrnss). 
(ijliKwapa, n., axilla, arm- 
pit. 



inKwasIin, n., spasm. 
isiKwebu, /?., head of corn. 
IsiKwehle, «., francolin. 

Kwehlela, v., cough. 
isiKwekwe, 71., mange, 

scurvy. 
inKwekwizi, n., (1) morn- 
ing star; (2) fourth 
month after the dance. 
Kwela, v., climb up, rise, 
climb (of plants), step 
up. 
Kwela ipiza, ride 

horseback. 
Kwelwa ikanda, be 
overcome by the 
head = bad head- 
ache. 
amaKwelo. /?., ladder. 
(u)luKwembe, n., (1) plank, 
box, bench, board, box ; 
(2) ship; (3) Zambesi 
Eiver. 
Eweza, ik, praise. 
Kwezela, v., stir fire, 

mend the fire. 
Ewica, v., snuff up re- 
mains of snuff left in 
the palm. 
inKwilimba, n., pigeon. 



La, (1) prpp., with; (2) 
conj., and, also; (3) 
past tense form of 
/fors. prnii. Li. 

Laba, (lorn, pmn.y these; 
.ST/' " Notes." 

Labaya, dem. pron., 
tlioso over there. 

Labayana, drm. pron.^ 
those over yonder. 



Lab 



( 218 ) 



Lan 



Labo, (1) poss. pron., 


Lalo, (1) poss. pron., its, 


tlieir, its, see " Notes " ; 


see " Notes " ; (2) conj. 


(2) conj. pi'on., with 


pron., with it. 


them ; (3) dem. proii., 


Laluto, adj. (la+iluto), 


those. 


vacant, empty. 


Lagisa, v., send cattle 


Lamandhla, adj., strong, 


away to grass to a 


enerp;etic, zealous. 


'• post." 


Lamatje, adj., stony, 


TimLago, n., cattle post. 
Labia, v., throw away, 


rocky. 


Lamba, v., be hungry. 


lose, desert, bury, di- 


Laitti, (1) poss. pron., 


vorce, condemn judici- 


my, mine, see " Notes " ; 


ally. 


(2) conj. pron., with 


amaLabla, n., cinders, char- 


me. 


coal. 


Lamnhla, n. (lamHla), 


Lahlega, v., be thrown 


to-day. 


away, strayed, lost. 


Lamula, v., mediate, 


miss the way. 


pacify, make peace. 


(ul)uLaka, n., anger, bad tem- 


soothe, conciliate, re- 


per, passion, rage. 


concile. 


gu ya vuga ulaka, 


Lamulela, v., intercede. 


be out of temper. 


umLana, n., cataract in the 


lolaka, quarrelsome, 


eye. 


irritable. 


(il)iLafia, n, (1) sun ; (2) day. 


Lake, poss. pron., his. 


ilafia elikulu, Sun- 


her, its, see '" Notes." 


day. 


Lakona, con J., although. 


amaiaiia onke,daily. 


LsikOyposs.pron., (l)thy. 


nigelaamalana,give 


thine, its, see " Notes " ; 


one a da3\ 


(2) conj. pron. with it. 


(il)iLanabi, n., flame. 


Lala, v., rest, recline, be 


Landa, v., (1) pursue. 


prostrate, lie down. 


trace spoor ; (2) render 


repose. 


an account of, account 


lala ubutofio, be a- 


for. 


sleep. 


isiLanda, n., (1) sheath; 


lala la, have sexual 


(2) handle of a knife. 


intercourse with. 


Landela, v., follow, pur- 


(il)iLala, n., (1) palm tree; 


sue, walk behind, come 


(2) blacksmith. 


after, succeed, run 


umLalaza, m., grindstone. 


after. 


Lalela, v., listen to, obey, 


Landelana, v., follow. 


lie in wait for. 


succeed one another. 


Lalisa, v., lull to sleep. 


Landisa, (1) send after ; 


islLalo, n., bird's nest. 


(2) relate, narrate. 



Lan 



( 219 ) 



Len 



I 



nmLanda, n.{pl. amalandu), 

(1) business, affair, 
case ; (2) offence, debt. 

fii lomlandn gnye, 
I am his debtor. i 

Landula, r., refuse, deny, 
decline, contradict, ob- 
ject. 

Landulela, u., prohibit 

Lani, co7tJ. pron, with 
you. 

Lanxa... lanxa, conj., 
wliether... or. 

Lapa, ailv., here, when. 

Lapaya, arft\, there, 
yonder. 

Lapayana, adv.j over 
there, yonder. 

Lapo, adv., there. 

Laso, {l)poss.pron., its ; 

(2) cojij. pron.j with it. 
Lati. coiij.pj^on., with us. 
Laula, v., cock a gun. 

iLaulo, »., a gun-cock. 

Lawa, dem. pron., those; 

see also La. 
Lawaya, dem. pron., 
thf)S(i over there. 

Lawayana, dem. pron.j 
those 3'onder. 

Lawe, cojiJ. pi-on., with 
thee. 

Lawo, (i)poss. pron., its, 
their, «f?e " Notes " ; (2) 
cojij. pron., with it, 
with them. 

Laya, v., direct, com- 
mand, order, warn, 
threaten, remonstrate. 

Laye, co?ij. pron., with 
him. 

Layela, v. (1) direct, 
warn ; (2) wriggle, 
writhe ; (3) be at point 
of death. 



Layo, (1) pass, pron,, 

their, see " Notes " ; (2) 
conJ. pron., with it, 
with them. 
umLayo, n., law, order, 
authority. 
£qa umlayo, break 
law. 
nmLaza, n., whey. 
(nl)uLaza, n., cream. 

Laze, (1) poss. pron., 
their, see " Notes " ; 
(2) conj. pron., with 
them. 
Le, {\)dem. pron., these; 
(2) ail v., there. 
fiaLe, over there, on 
that side. 
Legugn, adj., valuable, 

precious. 
Leguza, ?;., nod, to.<5s the 
head of people and 
cattle. 
Legnza fiekaoda, 
nod consent. 
Lejubane, adj., swift, 

rapid. 
Leli, dem. pron., this. 
Leliya, dem. pron., that 

(over there). 
Leliyana, deTn. pron,, 

tliat (over yonder). 
Lelo, dem. pron., that. 
Lemali, adj., valuable, 

precious. 
Lembala, interj., indeed! 
wonderful ! 
(11 iLembu, 7i., calico, linen. 
ubuLembu, n., (1) cobweb; 
(2j spider ; (3) scum on 
standing water. 
Lefia, V. i., hang down, 

swing, 
^enhliziyonye, adj., 
ununimous. 



Len 



( 220 ) 



Lin 



lenu, posit, pron., your ; 


Lila, v., weep, mourn, 


see " Notes." 


lament. 


nmLenzi, w., thigh, leg. 


isiLilo, n., mourning. 


Lpsi, (fnn. pron., this. 


Lilela, ?'., condole with, 


Lesiya, deni. pron., that 


console, mourn for. 


over tliere. 


nmLilo, n., (I) fire; (2) a 


Lesiyana, devi. pron., 


variety of beads, clear 


that over 3*onder. 


dark red. 


Leso, dem. pron., that. 


Ota umlilo, warm 


Letn, pos.s. pron, our; 


oneself at the fire. 


.w " Not«s." 


Lima, v., dig, pick gar- 


isiLevn, ??., chin. 


den, cultivate, hoe the 


Leya, drin. pron., those 


ground. 


over there. 


Limala, v. i., be wounded, 


Leyana, devi. pron., 


bruised, injured. 


those over yonder. 


Limaza, v. tr., wound, 


Leyo, dem. pron., those. 


bruise, injure. 


Lezi, dem. pron., these. 


isiLimela, ??., (1) Pleiades; 


Leziya, (Jem. pron., those 


(2) a kind of calico 


over there. 


with lozenge-shaped 


Leziyana, dem. pron., 


clusters of spots on a 


tliose yonder. 


navy blue ground. 


Lezo, dem. j^ron., those. 


(uDnLimi, ??., .^ee nlu-Imi. 


nmuLi, n. (1) soot; (2) husk 


umLimo, n., God. 


of corn. 


isiLimo, ??., spring, the 


Li, pron., j^ou, ye, it, see 


season for digging and 


" Notes." 


sowing. 


(il)iLiba, t?., grave. 


Lifia, v., try, test, ven- 


Libala, v. i., delay, loiter, 


ture, attempt, strive. 


saunter, procrastinate, 


umLifia, n., cataract, the 


be dilatory,slow,tedious 


disease of the eyes. 


n libeie fiabanye— 


Lifiana, v. i., be equal. 


he is not alone, lit. 


Lifianisa, v. t., measure, 


he is dawdling 


compare, contrast. 


\vith others. 


weigh, make equal to 


Libalisa, r. t., retard. 


or level with, regulate. 


cause to delay, put off. 


isiLifianiso, n., a measure, 


Libazisa, v. <., put off, re- 


scales. 


tard. 


Linda, ??., await, wait 


umLibo, n., a shoot of 


for, wait upon, watch, 


pumpkin plant, ap- 


tend, defend, super- 


plied figuratively to 


intend. 


children, calves, etc. 
Lida, v., make a floor. 


Linda inyoni, scare 


birds from corn. 



Lin 



( 221 ) 



Low 



I 



(Til)TiLiDda, n.,rattel,or honey 


Lolaka, adj., see uLaka, 


be.ir. 


.surly, angry. 


umLindi, n., pit, corn pit, 


Lolo, dem. pron., that. 


hole in the ground, old 


Lolona, v., make smooth, 


mine workings, ant- 


as wet plaster. 


bear's hole, hole in a 


Loloza, v., nurse a child, 


tootli. 


comfort a child crying. 


LiMsa, V. tr.f imitate, 


soothe. 


mock, mimic. 


Lolu, dem. pron., this. 


Liny wa, v. pa,^s. of lima. 


Lolunya, adj., see Nya, 


umLisa, «., under-induna; 


merciless, savage, un- 


subordinate ofiScer. 


feeling. 


Lo, tletn. proa., this. 


Loluya, dem. pron., that 


IziLo, n. pi., intestinal 


over there. 


worms. 


Loluyana, dem. pron. 


Loba, v., make marks ; 


that over yonder. 


write. 


Lomkuhlane, adj., un- 


Lobela, v., write to, or 


healthy,fever-stricken. 


for, draw for. 


uinLomo,?i. (1) mouth, beak 


Lobo, clem pron., that. 


of a bird, muzzle of a 


nmLobo, n., marks, writ- 


gun ; (2) van of an 


ing. 


impi. 


Lobola, v., pay for a 


Lomsebenzi, adj., use- 


wife. 


ful. 


umLobokazi, n., bride. 


Lomusa, adj., see nmu- 


Lobu, ilem. pron., this. 


Sa, humane, kind. 


Lobuhlufiu, adj., sore, 


Lona,pro/i., it ; .see table 


painful. 


of pronouns in "Notes." 


Lobuya, dem. pron., that 


isiLonda, ?«., sore, ulcer. 
Londoloza, v , take care 


(over there). 


Lobuyana, dem. pron., 


of, pre.serve, protect, 


tliat (yonder). 


nurse the sick, watch. 


Logo, dem. pron., that. 


oversee. 


Logu, (Loku), pron., 


nmLondolozi 71., watchman. 


this. 


keeper. 


fialogu, on this 


ubuLofiwe, n., fresh dung. 


account. 


amaLofiwe, n., lumps of dry 


Loguya, dem. pron.^ that 


fresh dung. 


over there. 


umLota, ?»., ashes, soap. 


Loguyana, dim. pron. 
(Logwiyana), that 
yonder. 


Lowa, dem pron., this. 


Lowaya, dem.pron., that 


over there. 


Lola, t;., sharpen knife, 


Lo way ana, dem. pron.^ 
that yonder. 


spear, et<j., whet. 



Low 



( 222 ) 



Lwa 



Lowo, dem. pron., that. 

Loya, V. t., bewitch, work 
magic. 
umLoze, n., an individual 

of the Baloze. 
iLinLozi, «., a whisth'ng. 

enza umlozi, whistle. 

Lu, pron., it; see table 
of pronouns in "Notes." 
isi-Lugii, n., sheep kraal, 
small kraal for lambs. 
nmLug^ulu, 71., a bush bear- 
ing a black berry eaten 
by the people. 

Luhlaza, adj. (1) raw, 
unripe, green, under- 
done ; (2) blue colour. 

iLuhlaza, n., a black and 
white ox, the colours 
being in small spots or 
patches. 

Lnkuni, adj. hard, stiff, 
difficult, harsh, un- 
feeling, unkind, con- 
stipated. 

Lula, adj., thin, light. 

Lulama, v. (1) stretch 
limbs, as after sleep ; 
(2) recover health. 

Lulega, v., advise. 
•amLuli, w., barrel of a 
gun. 
iLulwane, n., bat. 

Lnma, v., bite, sting, 
smart, itch, be pun- 
gent, to smell or taste, 
gripe. 

Lumata, v. int., ignite. 

Lumatisa, v. tr., cause to 
ignite, light a candle. 

Lumega, v., let blood. 

Lufia, v., be straight, 
right, well, sincere, 
chaste, ready, safe. 



ugnLufia, n., virtue, righ- 
teousness. 
ubuLufia, n., brush of the 
tail. 
illLufia, 71., a white and 
black ox, chiefly white. 
iLuna, n., (1) a kind of 
snake, poisonous, with 
transverse stripes in 
brown and black; (2) 
joint. 

Lunama, v., be sticky. 
iLunda, n., hump of an 
ox. 
umLungu, n. (pi. Abelun- 
gu), white man. 

Lufiisa, v., make right, 
ready ; repair, arrange, 
trim, adjust, rectify, 
correct, disentangle, 
improve, prepare, put 
in order, reform. 

Lufiisela, v., prepare 
for. 
isiLunulela, n., heartburn. 

Lufiuza, v., peep. 

Lupala, v., to be aged. 

Lutuli, adj., reddish 
brown. 

Lutwana, adj., few. 

Lwa, (1) v., fight, strive 
against ; (2) past tense 
form oi per s. pron. Lu. 
nguLwa, n., war. 

Lwa 130, ijoss. pron., 
their, its ; see " Notes." 

Lwake. i?06"6'. pron., his, 
her, its ; see " Notes." 

Lwako, poss. pron., thy, 
thine, its; see "Notes." 

Lwalo, ;?oss. pron., its; 
see " Notes." 

Lwami, poss. pron.. my, 
mine ; see " Notes. ' 



Lwa 



( 223 ) 



Hbo 



isiLwana, ??., lion. 
isiLwanakazana, 72., in- 
sect. 
Lwaso, poss. pron.^ its ; 

see " Notes." 
Lwawo, poss. pron.j its, 

their ; see " Notes." 
Lwayo, poss. pron.^ its, 

their ; see " Notes." 
Lwazo, poss. pron., their, 

its; see "Notes." 
Lwela, r., figlit for. 
Lwenu, poss. pron., 

your; see "Notes." 
Lwetu, poss. pron., our; 

see " Notes." 



M 

M, pron. {ace. of u), him, 

her. 
Ma, V.J or Etna, {Tmp. 
mana), stand, stop ( = 
cease to ^o). 
ngnMa, n., state, condition, 
shape, manner (beha- 
viour). 
nHabasa, n., third month 

after the dance. 
nMahambafiendhlwana, 
n. (pi. oma.) a grub 
that gathers a house of 
gra.ss or sticks around 
itself, and when eaten 
bv cattle is fatal. 
iHah, n., money, cash, 
gold. 
imali imhlope, sil- 
ver. 
lemali, valuable. 



IMalimadnna, a variety 

of beads, chalk with 
red stripes. 
nMama, n. (pi. omama), 

raj' mother. 
iMamba, a variety of 

snake. 
Mafiala, v., wonder, be 

surprised. 
Manalisa, v. tr., amaze, 

surprise. 
Mandulo, adv., at first, 
before, formerly. 
uMafio, n., the veldt, wil- 
derness, open country 
between towns. 
emafiweni, in the 
veldt. 
uManwendhlala, n., name 
of a tree. 
Manzi, adj., see ama-nzi, 

damp, moist, wet. 
Masinya, | adv., 
Masinyane,/ quickly, 
soon, immediately. 
(iil)iiMasuzela,1?i., 

IMasuzela, j tarantula. 
Mat a, v., gallop. 
IMatebene, ?i., sparrow- 
hawk. 
(ul)uMayelaiie, n., spring 
hare. 
Mba (Imba), v, pick 
ground (not of a gar- 
den), dig a hole or 
furrow, 
mba pansi, under- 
mine. 
Mbana, iwj). of Mba. 
iMbaimbai, //., cannon. 
Mbela, r., dig for =^ bury. 
islMbo, » , sharpened stick 
or iron point for dig- 
ging holes. 



JCbu 



( 224 ) 



Mug 



vmnMba, n., Indian corn, 

mealies. 
(i)li]Cbllli, /I., net for catch- 
ing game. 
Mdaga, adj , (Daga), 

drab coloured. 

Hela, r. ^, stand for, re- 
present, stand up for. 

Mema, v., sumiuou, call. 

Hemeza, v.<, proclaim, 
shout, announce, call, 
summon aloud. 

Mhlana, adv., on the 
day when, at the time 
when. 

Mhlope, adj., white, 
jjure, pale. 

IMhlope, 71., a white ox. 
iMhlope yeqanda, ?i., 
white of an egg. 

Mhlotjana, adj., nearly 

white. 
iMhlotjana, n., a white 
heifer. 

Mila, v., sprout, shoot, 
take root, put forth 
leaves. 

Mina, pron. and inter., 
(1) I, me, emph.\ (2) 
used in attracting at- 
tention, ahoy ! 

Minciga, v., ooze up from 

below, ooze out of. 
IMini, 7i., day, midday. 
eMini, loc, by day. 

Hinyana, v., be narrow, 
too small for contents, 
close together. 
(i)liMinyela, n., name of a 
tree, a variety with, 
and another without 
thorns. Useful for 
fences, readily takes 
root. 



Minza, v., (1) eat ra- 
venously, stutF, be 
voracious; (2) int., 
drown. 
isiMinzi, n., glutton. 

Misa, v., set up. raise, 
make to stand, estab- 
lish, appoint, pitch (a 
tent). 

Mita, V. {pf. miti), be 
pregnant. 

Miza, V , see Minza. 

Mnandi, adj., nice, good, 
sweet, jjleasant. 

Mnyama, adj., black, 
dark, gloomy. 

IMnyama, n., a black ox. 
ubuMnyaina, n., darkness, 
blackness. 

Monali, n. (Mnali), Mr., 
sir, master. 
uMongoi,?!. (p/.omongoi), 

wild cat. 
uMoya, n. {prop, umu- 
oya), (1) air, wind 
flatulence; (2) human 
soul. 
umoya mubi, devil. 

Monyula, ^., come off, 
come loose, as an axe- 
head. 

Mpela, see Pela. 

Mpofu, adj., pale buff, 

tawny, 
iMpofu, n., eland. 
iMpompoma,V/i., water- 
iMpopoma, J fall. 

Mu, pron., see M. 

Muga, V. int., quit, go 
away, run away, desert 
a post. 

Mugelega, v., fester. 

Mugisa, V. tr., dismiss, 
send away. 



Hum 



( 225 ) 



fial 



Mnmata, r., have mouth 
fulJ, keep the mouth 
shut, it being full. 

Mumuza, v. tr.^ suck 
(sweets). 

Mimcana, v., press, com- 
press. 
isiMunulu, n., dumb per- 
son. 

Munya, v. int., suck the 
breast, as an infant. 

Hunyisa, v. <r., nurse an 
infant, p:ive suck. 
isitfunumu&wana, n., 
measles. 

Munyu, adj., brack, salt. 
isiMuiiyu,^., brack ground. 

Musa, .vm^.,) r., an im- 

Musani, 7>/., / perative 
present, do not, must 
not, used with the 
infinitive of the prin- 
cipal verb, e.g. musa 
ugnhamba, inusani 
uguhlega. 
iMvemve, n., a black ox 
with large white flame- 
shaped spots or patches. 



N 

N, copulative particle 

(Y) e.g. Qu fiumuntn, 

it is a person. 
Na (1) v., rain ; (2) in- 

terrogative particle ; 

e.g. U ya hamba na-s 

are you going? 
^a (1; prep., at, by, on 
account of, through, 
by means of, according 
to;(2)a«x.v., can; (3) 



past tense form of 
pers. pron. ^i. 

Na g^, prep., to- 
wards. 
umNa wami, n., my younger 

brother. 
umNa gwetu, w., comrade, 
friend. 
Naba, v., creep of plants 
(not climb), stretch out 
legs or arms, taking it 
easy, be happily cir- 
cumstanced. 
I^'abanye nabanye, one 

by one. 
^abo, C071J. pron., by 
them, on account of 
them. 
^abomu, adv., on pur- 
pose, wilfully, inten- 
tionally. 
Nabulula, v., unfold. 
Nafuzega (Namfuzega), 

v., be glutinous. 
Nagana, v., meditate, 
I)onder, consider,think, 
reflect. 
Naka, v , see Jifia. 
I^ako, nakona, (1) adv., 
therefore, on that ac- 
count, wherefore; (2) 
conj pron., by it, on 
account of it. 
INala, n., (1) plenty of 
food; (2) a black and 
white ox, chiefly 
black, 
tjava inala, obtain 
Huundance. 
fjale gu . . . prep. , on other 
side, round there, be- 
yond. 
beta fiale, go round 
that way. 



tal 



( 226 ) 



:&aw 



Salo, conj. pron., by it, 
on account of it. 

^amandhla,rtt/i;., power- 
fully. 

Namatela, v.. (1) touch ; 
(2) stick, adhere. 

Namega, v. t, plaster, 
daub. 

Namfuzega, v., see Na- 

fuzega. 

^arni, conj. pron., by 

me, on account of me. 

'Ssim]pSi.ypred.p7'07i., here 

they are ! .see " Notes." 

Nainpu,7>/'eJ.pro?i.,here 

it is! .see "Notes." 

Nampo, 7^rec?.p?'0)i. , there 

it is! there they are! 

isi^afia, n., thick bush, 

properly of thorn wood. 

l^aneno gu,i^reiJ.,on this 

side. 
^aiii(iia?)(l)bywhat? 
why? how? (2) C07}j. 
pron., by you, on 
account of you. 
Nanka, pred. pr^on., here 
they are ! see " Notes." 
Nanko,i>retZ.joro?i., there 
it is ! .see " Notes." 
Nankoge, "there 
vou are!" "just 
so!" "that's the 
way!" 
KankvL^pred. pron., here 

it is! 6'ee "Notes." 
Nansi, pred. pron., here 

it is! .see "Notes." 
Nansiga, pron., what 

d'ye call it 
lSiBJiSO,]fred. pron., there 

it is! 
Kanti, pred. pron., here 
it is ! see " Notes." 



Nantu, pi^ed. pron., here 

it is ! see " Notes." 
Nanto, pred. pron., there 

it is! 
^anxanye gu, jirep., at, 
on, by the side of, on 
one side. 
Nanza, v. t., notice, take 

notice of. 
Nanzelela, v. t., take no- 
tice of. 
Nanzi, pred. pron., here 
they are! see "Notes." 
Naiizo,prerf. pron., there 
they are ! 

^^ambili gu, ])rep., 
farther, on that side, 
before, in front of. 
:&apandhle gu, pre])., 

outside. 
;&apansi gu, p/ej^., un- 
derneath. 
^apeliyo, adv., per- 
petually, without end. 
^apetjeya gu, prep., on 
the other side, on that 
side. 
;&api, adv , where, 

whence, whither. 
]|^asemva gu, prep., back 

of, behind. 
^aso, conj. jwori., by it, 

on account of it. 
Nasogunene gu, prep., 

on the right side of. 
^asokohlo gu, prep., on 

the left side. 
Nata, V. i., drink, absorb. 
^ati, conj. pron., see Iti. 
Natisa, v.t., give to 

drink, irrigate. 
^awe, conj. pron., by 
thee, on account of 
thee. 



Naw 



( 227 ) 



Ndh 



I 



]ftawo, conj. pron., by it, 
on account of it; by 
them. 
^aye, conj. pron., by 
him ; on accountof him. 
^ayo, couj. pron., by it 
or them, on account of 
it or them. 
!^azo, conj. pron., by 
them, on account of 
them. 
Kcama, v., take morning 
meal. 
nmNcatja, »., wet corn 
from hole, having a 
very peculiar odouif 
and flavour. 
Nceba, v., pinch, take 
l)inch of snufF. 
nmNceba, .see umnxeba. 
INcebetu, n., beer-basket, 

drinking- basket. 
iNceeeza, n , dirt. 

lencegeza, unclean, 
dirty. 

umNcele, n. (umnceli), a 
division, boundary. 
Nce&a, r., beseech. 
Ncibiliga, v. i. (1) dis- 
solve, melt ; (2) be piti- 
ful, relent. 
gu ncibiliga inhli- 
ziyo= be con vales- 
con t. 
Ncibiligisa, v.t.^ com- 
fort, pacify, soothe. 
iljJne,|/^, \l) sap; (2) 
iNcino, l' bees' wax. 
Ncinyane, adj.^ small, 

young, narrow. 
Ncinyanyana, adj., very 

small. 

ubuNcinyane, n., smallness, 
small size» 



Ncipa, v., shrink, de- 
crease, become less. 
Ncipisa, v. tr., diminish, 

lessen, reduce. 
Ncitja, V. tr., stint. 
Ncitjana, v. int., be 

stingy, mean. 
INco, n., a white and red 

ox, chiefly white. 
Ncono, adj., less of a bad 
quality or thing, as of 
a sickness, milder, less 
deadly, 
gwa buya gwa ba 
ncono = it (the 
sickness or epi- 
demic) returned 
and became less 
deadly = it de- 
clined. 
Ncotula, v., pluck a 
fowl, pull out feathers, 
or a stick from a hole. 
Ncu-ncu, adj., very 

small. 
iNcuba, n., dead meat, 
meat of an animal 
that has died (not 
slaughtered). 
iNcnbula, ?<., apron. 
iNcwabakazi, n., seventh 
niontli after the dance. 
Ncwenega (Cwenega), 

v., be clear, of water. 
Ndanda (Ntantaj, v., 

Hoar. 
Ndenda, v. r., go round 
like a wheel. 
amaNdhla, n., strength, abil- 
ity) authority, energy, 
vigor, force, 
lamandhla, strong, 

ablr, ijuick, fast, 
ftamandhla, ix)wei> 
fully, quickly. 



ITdn 



( 228 ) 



]&i 



(nl u^dufto, n., fibula. 
Ne, ailj., four. 
TunKe, n., umne wetu, elder 
brother. 
Nemba, v., hit a bird on 

the win J?. 
Nembe, adv., slowly, in 
the phrase, 
Kuluma u bega 
nembe, = speak 
slowly (that I 
may hear). 
]&emiiiyaga, adv., annu- 
ally. 
^endawo, adv., on ac- 
count of. 
ligxiNeiie,?i., right hand side. 
islNefiisimu, n., south. 
Nenga, v. t., excite dis- 
gust, nauseate, loathe. 
Nelli, adj., plentiful, 
numerous, much, suffi- 
cient. 
nbuNefii,! n., abundance, in 
■UguNefii, J quantity, and in 

number. 
UttiNeftke, ?*., slug, snail. 
Neno (S^aneno), adv., on 

this side. 
^ensita, adv.^ privately, 

underhand, secretly, 
^enxela, adv., to the 
left side. 
imiNenyezane, n., tfiils dan- 
gling to the ground, 
worn by men in full 
dress. 
Neta, v., let wet, let in 
rain, leak, of a roof; 
be wet, get wet, be 
soaked. 
Netisa, v. tr., make wet, 
properly by rain, satu- 
rate. 



uNga, n. (mu-ba), silver 
jackal, side - striped 
jackal. 
islNga, n. (and Umu-nga), 
a variety of mimosa 
found on the banks of 
rivers, having a black 
bark. 
amaNga, n., falsehood, lie. 
Kuluma amanga,\ 
Clamba amanga, J 

deceive, lie. 
U lamanga, he is, 
or thou art a liar. 
Much depends on 
the tone and man- 
ner of the speaker. 
He may mean 
either "you are 
a liar," or merely, 
''you are wrong, 
mistaken." 
illNgabuzane, n., stork. 
Ngaga, adj., so great, 
so many, so small, 
so few (showing by 
hand), 
Ngaganani, adj., how 

great, how many. 
Ngake, adj. suff., how 

many. 
Nganana, adj., so small. 
Nganani, adj., how 

small. 
INgane, n., infant. 
umNgane, /^, friend, ac- 
quaintance. 
Ngena, v., enter, inter- 
fere, intrude. 
Ngenisa, v. tr., admit, 
cause to go in, put in. 
INgwe, see inGwe. 
INgwenya, n., crocodile. 
]&i, pron., I, me. 



Ni ( 229 ) Nqa 


Ni, suff. infer., what. 


to. as, like, often 


Ini nal What is 


with pronoun suffixed, 


it? 


e.g. njefia-mi = like 


Nigra, ?'., give, supply, 


me. 


otfer. present. 


Njeya, v., thank with 


niga icala, accuse. 


half heart, as for small 


Nigela, r., cede, betray, 


gift. 


give up, bring calf to 


iNkani, «., strife, quarrel. 


cow. 


wrangling. 


nigela inja, set dogs 


iNkolo, 71., wagon, vehicle. 


at ( = give to the 


Nkona,rtrfr., then, there- 


dojxs). 


fore. 


Nig^na ikanda, v., shake 


(il)iNkonyane, n., small calf. 


head, dissenting. 


islNkwa, n., (1) loaf; (2) 


amaNikinikane, n., rags. 


bread. 


uNina, n. {pi. Onina), hi.s 


isinkwa segwai. 


mother. 


lump of tobacco. 


Nina, pron., you, ye. 


§oba, \adv., because, 


Ninda, v., daub, plaster. 


No?uba,J since. 
iNolebaatje, n. (Dutch), 


soil, smudge. 


Nini, adv., when. 


waistcoat. 


islNini, n., relation, kins- 


Nona, v., be stout, cor- 


man. 


pulent, sleek, iu good 


nmNini, n.. owner, master. 


condition. 


umNinomuzi, \n.. head 
nmNinikazomnzi,/ of the 


imNondo, n. (nmQogodo), 


spur of a cock. 


town. 


iNondo, «., moth. 
iNoiio, «., .see umTakala. 


nmNinzo, 7^., windpipe, a 


flexible pipe, hose. 


Nonye, adj., seven. 


iNja, n., dog. 


i^'oqoto, adv., see Uoto, 


izinja, the three stara 


really, surely. 


in Orion's belt. 


Nota, v., be wealthy. 


iNjakazi, ;t., bitch. 


thrive. 


Njalo, atlv., thus, 80, in 


izlNoto, n., riches, wealth, 


this wa3'. 


etc. 


Njalonjalo, adv., con- 


Nqaba, v., he rare, scarce. 


tinuously, continually, 


isihlahla esinqabi- 


just in this way, al- 


leyo, a rare tree. 


ways. 


iNqaba, n., (1) a .strong 


Njani, adv., how, in 


phvce, a refuge, a 


what manner. 


hill- top, a fort; (2) a 


Nje, adv., just, only, 


puzzle. 


nothing but. 


iNqai, n., bowl, basin. 


Njefta, prep., according 


INqama, u., ram of sheep. 



Nqa 



( 280 ) 



Nxa 



iNqamn, w., knife. 
iliNqe, »., vulture. 
isiNqe, «., rump of oxen. 
Nqeta, v., shun. 
iNqina, «.. steinbok. 
(il)iNqina. ??., hoof. 

Nqo, uguti nqo, be up- 

ri^^lit, perpendicular. 
iNqo, 7i., a white and red 

ox. 
Nqoba, v., overcome, de- 
feat, subdue, conquer. 
iNqoqwana, v., frost. 
iNqum, n., (1) hip joint ; 

(2) cock of a gun. 
Nquma, v., (1) go round, 
make a circuit; (2) set 
like jelly. 
umNqnma, n., wild olive 
tree. 
INqumbi, n., pile, heap. 
Nqnmisa, v., skirt a hill 
or fence. 



Nquna, 



be naked. 



stark naked. 
Nqunu, adj., naked. 
iNqunqulo, n., variety of 

vulture. 
iNqwatji, n., placenta of 

beasts. 
Nqweta, v., shun, avoid. 
Nsundu, adj., brown 

chocolate colour. 
Ntanta (ndanda), v., 

float. 
iNtje, n., ostrich, ostrich 
feathers, especially the 
plumes of th© v^^ar 
dress. 
Ntjeza (Tjeza), v , float. 
nNtswebe, n. (j>Z. onts- 
webe, mouse. 
umuNtu, n., person, some- 
body. 



nbuNtu, w., humanity. 
islNtu, n , human feeling. 
iNtwala, n , louse. 
Tiin(Ti)Ntwaiia, ??., child; in 
pi. vegetable produce, 
fruit, 
umntwanyana, little 

child. 
umntwana wesihla- 

hla, berry, fruit. 
umtanami , umta- 
nako, umtanake, 
umtanabo, my 

child, thy child, 
his child, their 
child. 
Abantwa bami, my 
children or people. 
ubuNtwana,r?., childhood. 
Nliga, (l) V. int., have a 
smell, bad or good, be 
odorous ; (2) v. act., 
smell, scent, smell out. 
Nugisa, V,, give scent or 
smell. 
Tiimi^ula, n., blood from the 
nose. 
TunNumzana, n., head man, 
gentleman. 
iNufiu, n,, porcupine. 
(ul)uNufiU, 71., quill of the 
porcupine. 
iNuso, n., solder, tin. 
(ul)liNwaDa, n., chameleon. 
umuNwe, n., finger. 

u leminwe, he is 

skilful, 
tjaya umunwe, 
snap the fingers. 
(ul)uNwele, n., human hair. 
amaNwendhlala, n., see 
uManwendhlala. 
Nxa, adv., when, if. 



Nza 



( 231 



Nya 



iNxa, n.y side. 


umNya^a, w., year. 


iTixa zombili, both 


iminyaga yake, his 


sides. 


age. 


Nxaganxaga, r , be com- 


iminyaga yonke, al- 


plicated. 


ways, annually. 


Nxanye, adv., see ^an- 


inyagenye, next or 

last \'ear. 


xanye. 


Nxapa, r., express dis- 


nmnyagamunye, 


like or disgust by 


next or last year 


making the X click. 


but one (also in- 


(il)iNxeba, «., wound, scar, 


yaga munye). 


small-pox pit. 


fieminyaga, yearly. 


umNxeba, ;?., fibre, sewing 


iNyagata, »., north,north 


til read. 


wind. 


Nxebana, r. int., twine 


Nyagaza, v., be restless. 


around, be intertwined. 


iNyama, «., meat, flesh, 


(ili)Nxeli, n., a left-handed 


muscle. 


person. 


Nyamalala, r., be lost 


Nxibana, v., see Nxe- 


for good, "clean gone.'* 


bana. 


iNyamazana, n., ante- 


(nruNxiwa,\«., deserted 
(il)iNxiwa, J town or site 


lope. 


iNyana, ??., (1) moon, 


{(•/. amafasi). 


lunar month ; (2) doc- 


Nxoloza, v., (1) look for a 


tor, surgeon, priest. 


thing mislaid, search ; 


inyafia yezulu, rain 


(2) speak certainly, as 


maker. 


knowing. 


iNyanda, jk, bundle. 


amaNxonxo, «., large beads 


umNyane, »., flower of the 


the size of big peas of 


maize plant. 


various colours. 


nmNyafio, n. , doorway, 


(iz)iNxoza, «., strips of inner 


threshold. 


bark of a tree used for 


(nl)xiNyanya, »., see inhlan- 
hla, good fortune, good 


cord or string. 


(il)iNxwala, n., one who 


luck. 


s<juints. 


Nyatela, r., tread, step, 


Nxwanela, v. t., desire, 


go on foot, run over, 


seek for. 


trample on, stamp 


Nya, r., go to stool. 


clothes (to mangle 


uluNya, n., cruelty, harsh- 


them). 


ness. 


Nyatelana, r , trample 


lolunya, cruel. 


on one another. 


fiolunya, cruelly. 


Nyatelisa, r. ( 1 ) make or 


umNyaba, »., bundle of 


help to tread; (2) 


lire wood. 


print by printing press. 



nj% 



( 232 ) 



Odw 



(il)iN7atelo. n., shoe, boot, 
sandal. 
Nyatelwa, v., be run 
over, tramped, crushed. 
iNyati, w., buffalo. 
iNyauti, «., a groen grain, 
somewhat like canary 
seed in size and shape. 
nluNyawo, n., (1) foot, paw, 
hoof; (2) footprint, 
spoor, 
fienyawo, on foot. 
Nye, odj., one, other. 
isiNye, n.. the bladder. 
Nyela, v., sprain. 
amaNyeli, n., clinkers. 
(iz)iNyembezi, n., tears. 

kala inyembezi, 
weep. 
isiNyemfa, n.^isiDeleli. 
Nyenya, v., skulk, slink, 
sneak, prowl, stalk 
game ; do stealthily. 
Nyenyeza, v., whisper; 

do stealthily (einph.). 
Nyeya, v., backbite, 

slander. 
Nyiginyega, v., quiver, 
shake, wave, rustle 
of trees, quake of the 
earth. 
Nyingiza, v., talk to 

oneself. 
Nyoba, v., have a dry 

rub, rub off dirt. 
Nyobuga, v , come off, 

come loose. 
iNyo^a, ??., snake. 

inyoga yabafazi, 

centipede. 
inyoga yomhlaba, 
earth-worm. 
uNyoko, n. (pi. onyoko), 
thy mother, or aunt. 



INyoni, n., bird. 
iNyofio, n., gall, gall- 
bladder, bile, 
twala inyofio yami, 
slander me. 
IsiNyonkolo, n., nape of 
the neck. 
Nyonkoloza, v., look 
angrily at, 
TibuNyonyo, n., small black 
ants. 
iNyosi, n., (1) honey ; (2) 

bee. 
Nyovane, adv., back- 
wards. 
INyumbakazi, n. ( = 
ifambele), a barren 
female. 
Nynnda, v., backbite, 
slander. 
isiNza, n., oribi. 
amaNzi, n., water. 

Nzima, adj., heavy, hard, 
painful. 
amehlo a nzima, 
be sleepy. 
iNzimazana, n., black 

heifer. 
INzimakazi, n., black 

cow. 
Nzoto, adj., brown. 
iNzoto, n., & dark brown 
ox. 



Obaleni, adv., openly. 
Obula, ?;., see Ebula. 
Odwa, adv., only, single, 
alone, distinct, soli- 
tary. 

gu godwa, one by 
itself. 



Ohl 



( 233 ) 



Pal 



umnOhlo, n., camelthom. 

Oma, v., be thirsty, dry. 

Omela, r., thirst for. 
I^i omela amanzi=I 
thirst for water. 

Ona, ?'. int., do wrong, 
offend, sin ; tr., spoil a 
thing, violate, smudge, 
soil. 

Onagala, v., be wronged, 
spoilt. 

Onagalisa, v. tr., cause to 
bo wronged, spoiled. 

Ondhla, r., nourish, nur- 
ture, support, adopt a 
child, rear, nurse. 

Onela, v., do wrong for, 
offend against, pollute, 
make foul. 

Onga, v., (1) nurse the 
sick ; (2) be economi- 
cal, frugal. 

Ofignla (Engula), v., 

skim. 
Onisa, r., cause or help 

to offend, sin greatly, 

pollute, make foul. 
Onke, adj. suff., all, the 

whole. 
i8(i)Ono, n., sin. 
Opa, V. i., bleed. 
Opula, ?'., take pot from 

fire. 
Osa, r., bake, broil, roast, 

parch, toast. 
iz(i)080, n., offal. 

Ota (umlilo), r,, warm 

oneself by the fire or 

in the sun. 
umfu)Oya, n., »ee. uMoya. 

Ozela, r., doze, nod, 

sleep. 



Pa, v., give, supply, pay, 

present. 

nmPafa, ;^., a variety of 

mimosa with abundant 

small straight thorns. 

Paga, v., serve food, dish 

up. 
Pagama, t\, ri.se. 
Pagamisa, v., raise, life 

up. 
Pagati gn..., prep., in, 
into, inside, amongst, 
between, within, in the 
middle. 
iPagati, 7i.,centre, middle. 
Pagela, v , serve food to, 
dish up for. 
isiPago, n., bar, bolt of a 
door. 
_ Pagula, v., castrate. 
Panla, i\, surround, be 
around, be.se t. 
amaPahla, n., twins. 
imPahla, n., property, "pos- 
sessions. 
(nl)iiPahla, n., roof, frame- 
work of roof, tent of 
a wagon. 
Pahlaza, v., smash, dash 
down, break in pieces. 
Pahluzega, /., be broken, 
smashed. 
(i)liPahu, 7?., black petticoat 
of married woman. 
Paiza, r. = Cwaiza. 
umPako, u. (umpago), pro- 
vision, food for a 
journey. 
Pala, v., (1) scrape a hide 
and so make it thinner; 
(2) peel potatoes. 



I 



Pal 



( 234 ) 



Pat 



imPala, n , red buck. 
isiPala, »., corn bin. 
umPala, /»., large earthen | 

|X)t for storinj? corn. 
imPalane, n., storehouse for 

shields. 
amaPalo, n.. skin scraping. 

umPalazana, r?., the month 
of the great dance. 

Pambana, v., (!) be a- 
cross, cross as roads ; 
(2) differ. 

Pambanisa, v., (1) place 
across ; (2) make dif- 
ferent. 
isiPambano, n., cross sticks 
or poles, a cross 



Pandhlwa, v., be struck 
in the eye by dust, etc. 



Pambega, 



mistake, 



blundf^r, be wrong. 

Pambi gu, \prep., be- 

Pambili gu, j fore,ahead. 

Pambuga, ?;.,turn out as 
one road from another, 
diverge, swerve. 

Pambugisa, ??., lead a- 
stray, mislead, cause 
to diverge. 

Pana, v., be extravagant, 
give much, be liberal. 

Pafia, v., plunder. 
isiPafia, n., scapula, shoul- 
der-blade. 

Panda, ?'., root as a pig, 
scratch as a fowl, scoop 
out earth, stir fire. 
imPande, r?., root of a tree 
or plant, stump of a 
tooth. 
mila impande, take 
root. 

Pandhle, prep., outside, 
without, besides. 



umPandula, 



eighth 



month after the dance. 
iliPane, n. (Mapane), a 
tree, probably the most 
useful tree in Zam- 
bezi a. 
Pafiisa, v., be quick, make 

haste. 
iPafio, n., hunger. 

bulawaipafio, starve. 

Pansi gn... prep., down, 

under, beneath, below. 

Panyega, v. t., hang up, 

balance, poise. 
Panza, v., beg food, to 

"loaf." 
Papa, v., flap wings, fly. 
Papama, ?;., start up in 

sleep. 
Papatega,\?'., be agita- 
Papazega, J ted, anxious, 

nervous. 
Papazela, v., make an- 
xious, nervous. 
(i)liPapu, n., lung. 
isiPaqu, n., skin on the 
forehead of an ox. 
Pasaza, v.t., disturb, con- 
fuse. 
Pasazega, i;., be confused. 

muddled. 
Pata, ?x, bear, carry in 
hand, use, touch, sup- 
ply, sustain, superin- 
tend, manage affairs. 
pata gahle, do 
gently, handle 
gently. 
Patana, v.. converse, dis- 
cuss, deliberate. 
umPata, n., a " nek," a road 
crossing a range of 
hills, a pass. 



Pan 



( 235 



F«t 



(uDuPau, 71., mark, brand, 


(i)liPeli, n., one who talks 


notch in ear, seal, 


and argues without 


siprn. 


coming to any end or 


Pazamisa, v., disturb, 


conclusion. 


confuse. 


amaPeli, /?., a variety of 


Pazima, v., twinkle. 


leprosj\ 


j>:limmer, lighten with- 


Pelisa, V. t. (Cleda), stop. 


out thunder. 


put an end to. 


Peca, r.. fold over, double, 


imPemvn, ?/., an ox with 


close a clasp knife. 


white throat and belly. 


close a book. 


black or red in body. 


PefnmTila, v., breathe. 


Pendhla, v. (Peca), open 


respire, sigh. 


as a book, doors, clasp- 


pefumula fiamand- 


knife ; fold backwards. 


hla, pant. 


Penduga, v. int., alter. 


umPefumalo, n., breath, 


turn, alter one's mind, 


soul. life. 


repent, vary. 
Penaxila, v. tr., alter, 


Pega, r., cook, stew, boil. 


Penla, v., bore, churn. 


turn, change, convert, 
answer a que.<tion, re- 


plJ^ paint (so changing 


produce by long con- 


colour). 


tinued action. 


Pendulela, v., turn for, 


pehla iimlilo, get a 


translate. 


tire by rubbing 


nmPendulo, n., paint. 


sticks. 


Pensisa, v. t, bend. 


pehla iznlu, lower. 


Papa, v., beg pardon! 


as the clouds when 


beware, dodge, take 


rain threatens. 


heed. 


pehla ingwebTi,f oam 


(u)luPepa, n., cold in head or 


at the mouth. 


chest, cough. 


(uDnPehlo, n., churning. stick. 


Pepeta, v., blow a gale, 


isiPehlo, ;»„ auger, brad- 


blow away, blow with 


awl, gimlet. 


the mouth. 


Pela, iJiter., then ! well ! 


isiPepo, ?i., storm, gale of 


and so, you see ! 


wind. 


Pela, I'., cea.se, come to 


Peta, r., hem. 


an end, be over- 


Petela, v., ends at, 


whelmed, done up, be 


roaches up to. 


dispirited. 


amaPetelo, »., borders of a 


grupela, that's all! 


country, not the bound- 


Pelegezela, v., attend. 


ary. hut the land noar it. 


accompany, escort. 


pagati gwelizwe, 


conduct. 


centre of a country. 



F«t 



( 236 ) 



Piz 



Petjeyagn... prttp., be- 


Pihliga, v., (Bidhliga) 


yond, across, over 


break out in a rash, or 


other side. 


in sores. 


Petjula, r., blow away. 


(i)liPiko, n., wing. 


umPetO, n., border, hem of 


(uDuPiko, n., wing feather. 


a i^^arment, brim of a 


iinPiko, 7? , side fin of fish. 


vessel. 


Pilizela, v., run helter- 


imPetn, n.,flyblow, maggot, 


skelter. 


grub. 


umPimbito, ?^., second 


Pezugn.. \prep., a- 


month after the dance. 


Pezulu gu...i bove, over, 


umPimbo, n., throat, wind- 


upon. 


pipe. 


Pi, adv. (fiapi), where, 


iPimpi, n., cobra. 


whence, which, whith- 


Pifia, v., copulate, of dogs. 


er. 


Pinda,?^ ,repeat,doagain. 


imPi, n., army, expedition, 


wa pinda wa m 


regiment, any body of 


tjaya, he hit him 


armed men, large or 


again. 


small. 


Pindisa, v., avenge, re- 


Pica, v., (1) talk empty 


venge. 


w^ords, reports ; (2) 


uguPindisa, n., vengeance. 


fasten together with 


umPini, n., handle, stock, 


pin, or button. 


shaft. 


Piciza, v., crush with 


iPini, n., stirring stick. 


foot, as an insect. 


isiPipi, w., (isibipi,) apron. 


amaPico, n., scandal, false 


skin forming a girl's 


reports. 


dress. 


Piga, v., deny, object, 


Pipidhla, v., spread as a 


contradict, reason. 


sore. 


gn ya pigwa nje, it 

was denied. 


Pisela, v., bore, hence to 


put a handle to a pick. 


piga fia, persist. 


umPiselo, ??., auger, gimlet. 


persevere. 


Pisegela, v., be anxious. 


piga inkani, wran- 


imPisi, 71., hyaena, the so- 


gle, cavil, quarrel, 


called wolf. 


raise a quarrel. 


Pitigeza, v., mix up. 


Pigelela, v., persist, con- 


imPitu, n., a red ox with 


tradict, oppose, per- 


Hame-shaped black 


severe. 


spots. 


Pigisa, v., discuss. 


(il)iPiva, n. (Zulu), water 


Pigisana, v., debate, 


buck. 


wrangle, dispute, con- 


(il)iPiza. n., horse. 

kwela ipiza, ride 


tend, di.«?cnss. 


(ul)uPi?o lomlomo, 7i., upper 


horseback. 



lip. 



Fob 



( 237 ) 



Puft 



umPobe, n., buttermilk. 
isiPobo, n.. liole in a piece 
of wood or stone. 
Poboga, v.i discharge, of 
a wound. 
umPoboto, «., hand-stone of 
a coruiuill. 
Poboza, v., break open 
or into, penetrate, 
puncture, lance. 
Pocula, Vf chafe. 
imPofu, u. (i-inpofu), eland. 
isiPofu, n., blind man. 
Poge ! inter., well then ! 
just so! there you 
are ! 
Pohloza, v., see BoMoza, 
crush, s^iuash. 
imPoko, «., bloom, flower. 
(ul)uPoko, w., grain like mil- 
let. 
Pola, V. m^, be cool, heal. 
Polisa, r. tr., cool, heal. 
imPolompolo, «., large black 

ant. 
uluPondo, n., horn, tusk, 
wing of arm}', bugle. 
Ponela, v., surpass in 
strength. 
imPofio, n., ram of goats. 
imPopo, n. (ImBopo), a 
pipe or tube, hence 
gun. 
imPopoma, jl, waterfall. 
Posa, v.y (1) throw, pitch, 
cast, toss, slioot, hurl ; 
(2) anx., with sense of 
almost. I 

fLa posa &a fa, I i 
almost died. j 

Posela, r., throw at. i 

iziPoso, /'., ammunition. ! 
umPoswa, «., coloured cot- i 
ton rug. 1 



Pota, V. tr.. twist, spin 

cotton. 
Potula isicaba, v., grind 
boiled corn. 
isiPoxo, u., a headstro?^ 
man. 
Pozisa, v., inject as an 

enema. 
Puca, v., shave. 
Pucuga, v., be rubbed, 

chafed. 
Pucula, v.j rub, chafe, 
clean knives. 
imPugane, n., a fly, both 
tsetse and housefl}'. 
Puma, v., come or go out, 
leave, originate, rise of 
the sun. 
imPumalafi.a, n., east. 
Pumela, r., go out to 

stool. 
Pumisa, v., make or help 
to go out, bring out, 
let out. 
pumisa isisu, abort. 
pumisa izindenda, 
dribble. 
umPumpu, n.y the name of 
a tree. 
Pumputa, v., feel one's 
way as a blind man, 
grope. 
Pumula, v., rest, repo.se. 
imPumulo, /<., nose, snout. 
i(m)Puna, «., a black or red 
ox speckled with white. 
Pnfia, r , wave the hand, 
drive away flies. 
isiPundu, n., back of the 

head. 
imPunga, n., rice. 
(i)liPafio, 11., news, report, 

rumour, tale, story. 
umPu&o, n., food, when 
scarce. 



Pun 



) 



Oat 



Pnftlda, v., thin out as 

mealy plants. 
Punyuga, v., slip from 
the hand, or the axe- 
liead from the liandle. 
Punza, i\, abort, cast 
young. 
imPunzi, /^, duyker. 
isiPunzi, n., stump of a 
tree. 
Pupa, v., dream, talk in 
sleep. 
(il)iPupo, n., dream. 
imPnpu, 11., meal, flour. 



Pupuma, 



bubble, 



sputter as boiling 
water. 
pupuma igwebu, 
lather. 
Putja, V. f., puflP. 
Putjuga, v., gush out. 
Puza, v., (I) procrastin- 
ate, delay, put off, 
loiter; (2) drink beer. 
puza ugufa, delay 
to die, used of a 
very old person 
lingering on, very 
feeble. 
imPuza, n., the disease 
" itch," scabies. 
Puzisa, v., cause to delay. 



(il)iClaga, n., large beer cala- 
bash. 

iClagala, n. (isihlagala), 
ankle. 

Qap^eza, u., clap hands. 

daja, v., drive away, or 
throw off, as a fever. 



Qala, v., begin, origi- 
nate, incite, provoke, 
challenge, intrude. 
qala indhlela, clear 
a road. 
umClalaba, n., sugar bush. 
Clalega, v., faint, swoon. 
Qarnba, /?., devise, invent. 
qamba amanga, tell 
lies. 
Clamb(el)a, v., guess. 
umftamelo, n., pillow. 

Clamula, v., chop off, cut 

short a conversation. 
iClamuli, n., an ox with 
black or red fore and 
hind quarters, and 
white between. 
(il)iClanda, n., egg. 

Clanda, v.^ be cold, cool, 
dandelela, v., guess, sur- 
mise. 
dandisa, v. ti\, to cool, 
make cold. 
umdando, n., cold. 

dansa, v., climb very 

steep hill, clamber. 
dansula, v., crack a whip, 
dapela, v., watch, lie in 
wait, be vigilant, on 
the alert, take heed. 
(u)ludaqa, v., pi. amaqaqa, 
rounded, not rocky, hill. 
(il)idaqa, n., cf. in-Kaka, 
polecat, (?) pangolin. 
daqamba, v-., throb of a 

wound inflamed, 
daqazela, v., stagger. 
data, v., tarn up nevv 
soil. 
(i)lidata, w., piece or slice 
of meat. 
data, adj^, thick, stout, 
strong* 



daw 



( 239 ) 



Qot 



I 



(i)liCtawe, n., brave man. 


Cto^a, r., put on clothes, 


ubuQawe, u., bravery. 


wear clothes, wrap up. 


Uaza, r., look into, 


Clogisa, v., clothe. 


examine. 


isiClogo, 11., clothes. 


deda, v., (1) finish, com- 


nmClogodo, n., spur of a 


plete, accomplish, con- 


cock. 


fiscate, make "an end 


umClogolo, n., name of a 


of, ravage, abolish ; 


tree with edible fruit. 


(2) understand, know 


(i)liClolo, n., small of back, 


well. 


lumbar region. 


dela, tn, stand in line, so 


islQolo, n., head ornaments 


than none are hidden. 


of married woman. 


(i)imele, «., strip of calico. 


Clolotja, r., skip about 


isiClepu, «., bit, piece, part 


like a calf. 


broken off. 


Qorna, r., prefer. 


isiQetjana, «., troop of 


Clofiia, v., throw a thing 


sol(liei*s, company. 


in air, sudden starting 


Cletuga, t'., lie on back. 


up in quiet chat, sud- 


fall backwards. 


den start in what has 


Qiba, \i'., cover in 
Clibela,/ grave, fill in 


been quiet before. 


donda, v., go direct, 


earth, ram tight. 


straight, be upright. 


umQibelo, jl, Saturday. 


dondisa, v., (1) make to 


Qila, r , control. 


go straight, present 


(i)liClili, n., a crafty one. 


gun ; (2) explain. 


sharper, rogue, rascal. 


dondula, v., mark out. 


sly fellow. 


inClone, \n,, mountain- 
isidongo,/ i^eak, top of a 


ubudili, »., craft. 


Uina, r., be firm, fast, 


hill, summit. 


tight, stand firm, be 


Qoqota,}'*'^"^''^''"^P- 


resolute, certain, sure, 


steadfast, true. 


isiQoqoto, /<., wood|>ecker. 


Clinela, v., resist. 


(il)iCloqoqo, //., throat, larynx. 


Qinisa, r., make fast, 


iLinQ,oqoqo, n., name of a 


secure, lock, tighten. 


tree. 


prove true, confirm. 


dotjama, v., sit up as a 


(i)liftiniBO, n., truth. 


dog, squat, sit huddled 


isiUinti, n., a half full con- 


up as wlien cold. 


dition. 


doto, ailj., certain, true. 


enzaisiqinti.tohalf 


fioqoto, truly, really. 


fill a vt'ssel. 


(ul)udoto, n., (1) truth; (2) 


Qitpa, r.. see Uwitja. 
UoDela, '•., mince, chop 


a length of calico full 


width. 


up meat. 


isidoto, /«., hail. 



Qot 



( 240 ) 



Sa 



ftotula, V. tr., pare off, 


(ul)lldutTl, n., variety of 


rub off, scrape off, clear 


grasshopper. 


off. 


iduzo, 71., see idwala. 


isidu, n., (1) cob of meal- 


ilidwa, n , frost, hoar- 


ies; (2) stump of old 


frost. 


tree. 


dwaga, v., steal, used of 


Qnba, v., drive, urge on, 


children. 


push, compel, force. 


(ul)udwai, j?i., walking stick, 
umdwai,/ rod, staff, shil- 


conduct. 


iClaba, n., pillar in the 


lelagh. 


centre of a hat. 


(i)lidwala, n., knot in wood. 


umCluba, n., dry dung of 


dwaya, see dwitja. 


cattle trodden fine. 


dweba, v., beckon, make 


nmGubu, n., wale. 


signs, make signals as 


dubuga, V. (Bidhliga), 


wave the hand, wink. 


break out in rash on 


(Ti)ludweqwe, n., scum, a skin 


skin. 


or scab. 


Ctubula, v., drive away 


Uqweqwe Iwaman- 


or back, drive oxen 


zi, ice. 


fast. 


dwitja (ditja), v., 


(iDiQude, \n., cock, male 
(il)iCludube, / bird. 


scratch away soil with 


the hand, or small 


Quia, v., be lame, walk 


stick, used of the scrat- 


lame. 


ching of fowls also 


Cluma, v., cut off, chop 


(Panda). 


off, shorten. 




Qumba, v., be distended 




with flatulence. 




dumbela isisu, v., 


s 


be constipated. 




Cluinbaquinba,i;.^.,tickle. 


Sa, (1) V. imper., Sana, 


dumbusela, v., lance. 


Isa, convey by hand, 


dundega, v., be blunt, of 


take; (2) aux. v., with 


a point. 


sense of "still," see 


(ul)lldtlfill, 7<., very long grass, 


Paradigm ; (3) past 


tambootie grass. 


tense form of pers. 


duqa, v., shiver as with 


pron. Si. 


cold, have the 


Sa, v., (1) dawn ; (2) be 


shakes. 


unclouded, be clear of 


duqazela, v., stagger. 


sky or weather. 


(uljuduqo, /*., ague. 


gn ya sa, it is dawn- 


duqumba, v, pop of 


ing. 


mealies put in fire, 


gusasa, dawn, early 


crack of a whip. i 


morning. 



Sa 



( 2U ) 



umuSa, »., mercy, kindness, 
lomusa, kind, mer- 
ciful. 
Saba (esaba), v., fear, 

be afraid, timid. 
Sabo, poss. proji., their, 

its ; see " Notes." 
Sabega, v., be fearful, 
awful, wonderful, 

alanninp:, terrible. 
Sabela, v., answer, at- 
tend a caU, pay atten- 
tion. 
Sagaza, v., throb, in head- 
ache. 
Sake, poss. pron., his, 

her, its ; see " Notes." 

Sako, poss. pron., thy, 

thine its; see "Notes." 

Sala, v., abide, remain, 

stay behind, stop at a 

place, wait. 

Salo, poss. pron., its; 

.see " Notes." 
Sami, poss. pron., my, 
mine ; .see '" Notes." 
umSamo, n., back of a hut. 
Sana, imperative of Sa, 
= take. 
(iljiSandhlana, n., copse, 

small bush. 
^il)iSandhle, w., bush coun- 
try, bush, wood. 
Sandu, adv , just now. 
iSango, //., Indian hemp. 
(i;liSano, «., gateway to 
town or kraal. 
iSantimane, n., black 

Ix-ads. 
iSantubane, u., rug. 
(u )gaSasa, /r ' .sr<'. Sa), morning. 
Saso, /foss. pron. J its; 

sre •' Notes. 
Sata, i\, copulate. 



Sawo, poss. pron., its, 

their ; see " Notes." 
Sayo, }ws.s. pron., its, 

their ; see '* Notes." 
Sazo, po.ss. jyron., their ; 

see '' Notes." 
Se, adv., already, now. 
a si ko, it is not 
here. (Si=se + i.) 
Sebenza, r.,work, labour. 
Sebenzela, v., work for. 
umSebenzi, n., work, task, 
lal)Our. 
lomsebenzl, useful. 
gu ne lamsebenzi, 
useless. 
Sebenzisa, r.,set to work, 
give work to do. 
inSedhlu, n., cotton blan- 
ket. 
Seduze, see Eduze. 
Segela, ?-., bear, support, 
prop. 
(il)iSego, n., generally pi.; 
amasego, hearthstones 
for the support of the 
pots. 
iSehlo, n , honey bird. 
(i)liSela, «., thief. 
nmSele, n., ditch, channel, 
trench. 
iSelo, n., scale (of fish). 
Selwa, v., wane of moon. 
Sena, r., milk. 
(il)iSende, n., testicle. 

Senu, imss. pron., your ; 

.see " Notes." 
Seseta, ?*., sift. 

Setu, poss. pron., our; 

.see " Notes." 
Seula, v., rain In big 

drops. 
Si, pron., we, us, it : see 

" Notes." 

R 



Si 



( 242 ) 



Sit 



amaSi, n., sour milk. 
inSiba, n., feather. 
(uljuSiba, 7?., (1) quill; (2) 
a musical instrument. 
Sibatela, v., be absorbed 

in. 
Sibegela, r. cover a pot, 
put on the lid. 
isiSibe^elo, »., pot lid. 
Sibili,arfi' , truly, really, 

certainly, surely. 
Sibugula, v., uncover a 

pot. 
Siga, v., cut, notch, 
mow. 
siga inhlafia, mark 
the face with cuts. 
inSiga, n., prop, post in 
centre of hut. a stay, 
support. 
ubuSiga, n., winter. 

inSigizi, n., bug. 
(u)guSihlwa n. (gusiHlwa), 
twilight, p.m. 
inSikazi, n., female. 
Sila, v., (1) live, be in 
good health, recover 
health, revive; (2) 
f;rind, snuff or corn. 
uguSila, ?i., life, health- 
TunSila, n., tail. 
isiSila, n., tail of a bird. 
uinSili, n., gunpowder. 
Silisa, v., save, rescue, 
heal, make to live. 
uniSilisi, n., Saviour. 
Sim ana, v.. stand firm. 
inSimba, n., water buck. 
inSimbi, n., iron. 
inSimi, see Sinisa insini. . 
inSimu, n. {'pl. amasimu), 
garden, cultivated 
field. 
Sina, v., dance. 



Sifia, V. (1) shave: (2) 
shade the eyes looking 
at a distant object. 
Sinaliza, r., fornicate. 
Sinama,?"., be displeased, 

sulk. 
Sinata, r., embrace. 
Sinda, r., (1) be heavy, 
hard, difficult; (2) 
smear floor. 
umSindo, r?., noise, uproar, 
row, sound, tumult. 
lomSindo, ■ noisy, 
boisterous. 
izinSini, n., gums. 

Sinisa insini, grin. 
inSino, ?i., a razor. 

iSinza, ?i., oribi antelope. 
umSipa, n., sinew, tendon, 
ligament. 
inkomo le i lemsipa 
i lukuni, that is a 
strong muscular 
ox. 
inSipo, n., " grains " after 
brewing. 
Sipnla, 1 ?\, weed by 
£ipuna,j hand, pull up 

by roots, root up. 
Sita, v., screen frpm 
sight, hide, conceal. 
inSita, \ , 

uguSita, i ''•' ^'^^'^^^• 

ensiteni, nensit^, 
underhand,' pri- 
vately, secretly. 
Sitega, ?'., be hidden, 
disappear, vanish. 
eguSitegeni, loc. of 
vei'bal noun, in 
secret. 
Sitela, r., hide by, ob- 
scure by. 
enSiteleni, private- 
ly, in secret. 



Sit 



( 243 ) 



Sub 



I 



"iSitima," n., steam en- 
gine. 
Siza, v., deliver, rescue, 
assist, help, relieve, 
save. 
iSiza, 71., floor. 
umSizi, 71., saviour, de- 
liverer. 
inSizwa, n., young man, 
newly kehlwlle, see 
kehla. 
nbuSo, 11., face, forehead. 
umuSo, 11., to-morrow, the 
future. 
inSo, w., kidney. 
Sobalini, see soBaleni, 
in the opon. 
umSogo (umSobo), 7i., a 
small bnsh, with edible 
black fruit. 
(il)iSoii, n., soldier. 

Sola, v., grumble, be dis- 
contented. 
Solela, v., grumble at, 

blama 
Soma, r., joke, be comi- 
cal. 
Sona, pron.j it; see 

"Notes." 
Sofia, r., coil, fold, roll 

up. wrap up. 
Sondela, >'., approach. 
Sondeza, r., bring near. 
(il)iSondo, n., spoor, track, 

trail. 
(il)iSofio, 7J. (1) wheel, ring, 
bracelet, armlet ; (2) 
brass wire. 
isiSn, 71., .siomucli nMo- 
men. 
tata isisu 



u lesisu. 



•oiic.oive. 



Bwela isisu, ) 
pumisa isisu, j 



alx)rt. 



qumbela isisu, be 

constipated. 
uluSu, »., paunch, tripe, 
intestines. 
Subela umsila, v., put 
tail between legs. 
umSubelo, 7J., skin dress of 
men worn in front. 
Suga, v., depart, set out, 
start, get up, with- 
draw, get away, fly 
about of dust. 
Suguma, v., stand up, 
rise, rise up. 
(ul)uSuku, «., day. 

insuku zofike, al- 
ways, 
insuku fiensuku, 
day by daj-. 
iSumba, );/., wart, mole, 
inSiimba, [ pimple. 
(ul)uSumbelume, »., bachelor. 
Sumbnlula, v., unravel, 
unwind, uncoil, unfold, 
disentangle, open (a 
parcel). 
inSundu, )t.. a dark red ox. 
umSundu, /?., tiretly. 

Sunduga, r., make room. 
Sundugana, r., make 
more room for each 
other, get clo.ser to- 
gether. 
umSundulo, n., nape of the 
nock. 
Sundiiza, r., push along, 

roll over, roll along. 
Sufiula, 7'., pierce as a 
noodle. 
(ul)uSuftulu (usufiulo), n., 
needle, awl, pin. 
Susa, r., castaway, clear 
away, move, remove, 
take awa}'. 



Sat 



( 244 ) 



Tan 



Suta, »•., be satisfied with 

food (c/. Kolwa). 
Sutisa, V. tr., satisfy. 
umSutu, 7J., slave. 

Suza, v., break wind. 
umSwani, n., contents of 
stomach of cattle. 
(Til)uSwazi, 7?., switch, small 
rod. 
Swela, v., miss, want, 
feel need of, lack, need 
Swela isusu, abort. 
Swelega, v.., to be in need 
of, be deficient, scarce. 
inSwempe, n.y quail, 



Ta, v., give name to, call 

by new name. 
Taba, v., rejoice, be 
cheerful, merry. 
nguTaba, n., joy. 
inTaba, n., mountain. 
Tabisa, v., gratify, 
please. 
eTafeni, n. in Zoc, at 

stool. 
InTaga. n., sparrow. 
Tagata, v., bewitch, 
work magic. 
ubuTagataga, ri., meek^ess, 
softness, weakness, 
tenderness, debility. 
umTagati, n., witch, rascal, 
villain, rogue, sor- 
cerer. 
ubuTagati, w., witchcraft. 
inTajana, n. dim. of in: 
taba* rnoun^, hill. 



umTakabomvu, r?., a native 

fruit. 
TunTakala, n. (ifiofio), half- 

cooked food. 
umTala,??., the Milky Way. 
Talaza, v-, stare about. 
Talazala, v., stare at. 
Taniba, v., be soft, ten- 
der, tame, meek. 
inTambama, n., afternoon, 
evening. 
Tamblsa, v., soften, 
weaken, relieve, alle- 
viate, tame, break in, 
train (cattle). 
inTambo, n., string, cord, 
rope. 
(il)iTanibo, 7i., bone. 

iTambo, n., chalk beads- 
umTambo, n., artery, vein. 
InTamo, n., neck. 
(il)iTana, n., pumpkin. 
inTana, n., pumpkin shoot 
and seed. 
umTanala, w., wall of stone 
or brick. 
Tanda, v., (1) like, love, 
will, wish; (2) bind 
round, splice. 
ugxiTanda, n., love, desire, 
will. 
isiTandana, 7i., female 

child. 
inTandana, n., orphan. 
Tandega, i\, be amiable, 

dear, lovable. 
Tandela, v.^ climb of 
plants, cling to, twine 
about. 
Tandisa, v., bind tightly. 
InTando, n., lath, long 
thin stick to which the 
poles of a fence are 
secured. 



Tan 



( 246 ) 



Tes 



Tandulula, v., unwind. 
(nl)llTafio, w., a fence, especi- 
ally the outer fence of 
a town. 
Tantatu, adj., (6), six. 
Tanva, v., spring back, 

rebound, of a spring. 
Tanyela, r., sweep, 
brush. 
umTanyelo, n., a brush, 
Tapa, v.. take honey 

from a Dees' ne.st. 
Tata, v., take, steal, 
tata isifo, catch a 

disease. 
tata umfazi, 

marry. 
tata isisu, conceive. 
Tatazela, v., stagger. 
Tatela, v., snatch, catch 

a disease. 
Tatn, adj., three. 
Tatwa, v., bo taken. 
Tatwa fiamanzi, 
caiTied away by 
the water (of a 
river, etc.). 
amaTe, n., saliva, spittle. 

kafulela amate, 
spit at, expressing 
contempt. 
a fti lamate, I have 
no saliva, — an ex- 
pression of great 
wonderment. 
inTebe, w., charm worn 

round the neck. 
isiXebe, ii., eating mat 
( ? dish, table). 
Tegela, t*., call on, visit. 
Tegeleza, r., bind, tie, 

tie a knot. 
iTegetege, w, jolly. 



Tela, V. (1) pour, produce 
fruit; (2) paj' tribute. 
Telela, »*., pour into, pour 
on, pour forth, infect, 
poison. 
inTeletja, n*, rock rabbit, 
izifelo, n., produce. 
inXemba, n., hope, trust. 
Temba gu..., v., hope, or 
trust in, dejiend on, 
have faith in, put con- 
fidence in, rely on. 
interne, see intebe. 

Tembisa, v., promise^ 
inTeme, /*., .see inTebe. 
Tefia, v., buy, barter. 

purchase, bribe. 
Tena, i\, castrate. 
nmTena, n., wether, cas- 
trated animal. 
isiTende, n., heel. 
(il)iTeiidele, n., guinea-fowl. 
Tefiisa, v., barter, sell. 
inXenjana, n., a brownish 

red and white ox. 
inXefio, »., price. 

Xeta, IK, scold, chide. 
inXete, n., locust. 
amaXete, n.<, marsh, swamp, 
bog. 
Tetela, v., pray, sacrifice. 
Te telela, v., pray for, 

sacrifice to. 
Tetisa, v., scold, abuse, 
taunt, swear at, re- 
proach, revilo. 
tetisa umLimo,blas- 
pheme. 
Xetisana, t> , contend in 
words, swearing at one 
another. 
Teza, v., gather firewood. 
amaXeza, n. (amaOella), 
soldier ants. 



Tez 



( 24G ) 



Tja 



Teznga, v., slope down- 
wards. 
umTezugo,) /{., downward 
inTezugo, ) slopeof ground, 
a steep place. 
Ti, r., say, mean, think, 
suppose. 
tileyo, a certain 
one. 
nnmTi, n., (1) medicine, 
venom ; (2) shrub. 
uluTi, rt., stick, stem, shank, 
handle. 
umuTikazana, n., plant, 
lierb. 
umTimba, n., wedding. 
Timiila, v., sneeze, snort. 
Tina, })roii.^ we, us. 
iimTini,) ,. 
inTini,[''-'''"®'^- 
Tinsila, v., throw down 

load. 
Tinta, v.^ turn back, 
control, stop a person 
or animal, thwart. 
Tintita, i;. , shake bl anket , 

beat a carpet. 
Tiya, v., entrap, decoy, 
snare, seduce, tempt 
to do wrong. 
amanTiya, n., brass buttons, 
such as are used on 
the jackets of page- 
boys. 
nmTiya, n., a stick or log 
placed between the 
feet of the sleepers and 
the camp fire. 
Tiyega, v., be entrapped, 
undecided. 
TiinTiyo, n., trap, snare. 
Tja, adj., young, new, 
tender. 



Tja, v., burn, smart. 
ilizwi li ya tja, be 
hoarse. 
ubuTja, n.y newness, youth. 
imiTJa, a., stripes of colours, 
lemitja, striped. 
Tjagaza, v., to flower, 
put forth the " beard," 
of mealies. 
umTjagazo, n. " beard " of 
mealies. 
inTjaka, n., thin end of a 
reim, or cord. 
ITjaiiganya, n., rhino- 
ceros, the variety with 
two horns of nearly 
equal length. 
ubuTjani, n.. grass, stalk of 
grass, straw, weeds. 
(il)iTjatjaza, /«., a blister 
of the skin from burn- 
ing or work. 
Tjaya, v. strike, whip, 
thrash, shoot, attack, 
beat, punish, play (a 
musical instrument), 
produce (fruit). 
tjaya insimbi, ring 

bell. 
tjaya izandhla, clap 

hands. 
tjaya umunwe, snap 

tingers. 
tjayela amanzi, 
splash with water. 
tjaya inala, win 

abundance, 
tjayela inkolo, drive 
a wagon. 
umTjayeli, n. (c/. umtjwa- 
yelij, wagon driver. 



islTjayi, 



n.. 



thatching 



board. 
Tjaza, v., be frostbitten. 



Tje 



( 247 ) 



Tlo 



iliTje, «., stone, rock. 

ilitje lomlilo, tiint. 
bega ilitje, take 
possession of gar- 
den ground by 
putting a stone 
on it. 
ematjeni, in a stony 
or rocky place. 
Tjeba, v., flavour food. 
isiTjebitjebi, «., sand of 

the river bed. 
isiTjebo, «., flavouring. 
iXjefu, I n. (cf. umuti), 
uTjefu, I poison. 
Tjega, r. ((/. huda), have 
diarrhoea, properly of 
cattle onl}'. 
(il)iTjegetje, n."; flea. 

Tjegeza, r., rattle as 

stones in a calabash. 
Tjegisa, v. act., purge. 
umTjegO, n., diarrhoea. 
Tjela, r.,(l) tell, say, de- 
clare, relate, narrate; 
(2) burn as food in a 
pot. 
Tjelega, v. int., slip, 

slide, be slippery. 
Tjelela, t*., cause to slide, 

slip. 
Tieleza, r., smoothe. 
(il)iTjeme, //., pauw. 

Tjetja, r,, be quick, make 

haste on a journe3'. 
Tjetjisa, r., make to 
hurry. 

Tjeza (Ntjeza), v., float. 
umTjibila, n., spring of a 

trail. 
Tjibiliga, n., struggle. 
Tjigiza, v., wag tail. 
Tjila, r. tr., turn a thing 

round, twist round in 



the way that a top is 
turned. 
Tjilana, r. int., part com- 
pany, be divided in 
opinion. 
Amehlo a ya tj liana, 
squint. 
Tjile. p/t. of Tja. 
Tjilela, r. tr., turn round 
as handle of a wagon 
brake. 
(il)iTjifia, n., slave. 
(ul)uTjinda, «., raw cotton. 
Tjipa, r., hiss. 
Tjisa, r., set on fire, 

scorch, parch. 
Tjitja, r., hum, as a bee 

or swarm of baes. 
Tjitjiliza, v., glance off 
as a bullet, graze a 
thing. 
Tjiya, v., leave, desert, 
abandon, vacate, neg- 
lect, omit. 
amaTjiya,\/j., eyebrows,eye- 
izinTjiya,i lashes. 

Tjiyela, v., give snuft*. 
Tjo, r. pff., tjilo; ne(/., 
tjofio ; imp., tjono, 
say, think, assert, 
affirm, profess. 
l^Oga, i\, shoot with bow 
and arrow. 
TunTjoko, n., arrow. 

Tjona, v., disappear, 
vanish, sink down out 
of sight, set of sun. 
InTionalafia, «., west. 
iTjofiololo, n., millii)ede. 
Tjotja, v., twist the 
body about in dancing. 
amaTjotjo, v., very rank 
vegetation. 
Tjotjozela, v., smart. 



Tju 



( 248 ) 



Ton 



Qudnla, r., destroy, in- 
jure, or wear away a 
floor. 

Ijuga, v., prepare or 
soften skins by rub- 
bing, tan. 

Tjumayela, v., proclaim, 
preach, make known. 

iTjumba, n., pimple. 

Tjumi, adj., ten (10). 
(il)ilSwai, n., salt. 

letjwai, brack. 
uTjwala, ?^, beer (=utju- 
Ala, where tj =b, UDU- 
ala). 

Tjwapa, v., be thin, 
skinn\', hence to be 
disappointed, blighted. 

Tj waqa, v. (1) frown, knit 
the brows ; (2) stand 
on end, of the hair. 

Tjwaya, v., sprinkle as 
with salt. 
umTjwayeli, n., sable ante- 
lope. 
inTlalati, n.,a black or red 
ox with white spots on 
lower face. 

Tlaya, v., cut into slips 
or slices, slice, score. 
imlTlayo, n., grain of wood, 
imitlayo iminyene, 
be close grained. 

Tletla, !■>., cut holes in 
the lobes of the ears. 

Tleza, v., milk into the 
mouth. 

Tlinela, v., do mali- 
ciously. 

Tlinta, v., smear the 
body, or the floor. 

Tlola, v., see Tlaya. 

Tlolodela, v., laugh at, 
deride, malign. 



Tlonyela, v., reward. 
inTo, n., thing, in pL, pro- 
perty. 
uluTo, vi,, something. 
islTo, n., limb of the body. 
Toba, v., lave, foment, 

poultice. 
Tobega, v., be humble. 
Tobisa, v., humiliate. 
Toboza, v., (1) feel, touch ; 

(2) flatter. 
Togoza, V. inf., rejoice, 
delight, be cheerful. 
nguTogoza, n., joy. 

Togozisa, v., make glad, 
cause to rejoice. 
islTojwana, 7i. (Toto), trig- 
ger, and nipple of a 
gun lock. 
(il)iTokozi, n., heifer. 

Tola, i;., find a thing, re- 
cover, discover. 
(il)iTole, 71., big calf. 
Tomba, v. int., rust. 
InTombazana, n., a young 

girl. 
inTombe, n., red ants. 
inTombi, 7i., adult girl. 
umTombo, n., (1) fountain, 
spring, well ; (2) yeast, 
barm, leaven. 
imiTombo,?i.,mildew,mould, 

rust; malt. 
umTombote, n., incense. 
iTome, n., (Dutch), bridle 
inTofia,n., shillelagh, short 
thick stick without a 
knob. 
Tonda, t'., drip, drop. 
Tondela, v., saturate. 
umTondo, n., urine. 
inTondolo, n., a slaughter 
goat. 



Ton 



( 2-49 ) 



Tun 



Tonisa, 1 r., try judici- 
Toniselaj ally. 

tonisa indaba, try 
as a judge. 
ubuTono, //.. sleep. 

lala ubutono, sleep, 
lobutono, sleepy. 
Tonsa, r , draw, attract, 
pull, strain, drag, 
stretch, lead (animpi), 
tempt, 
tonsa amehlo, at- 
tract attention. 
Tonsela, r., draw for, 
catch a disease. 
amaTonsi, /?., rain drops, 
umToto, «., penis. 

umtoto wompopo, 
nipple of a gun 
lock. 
Totoba, v., walk feebly, 
totter along, go slowly, 
bowed down, stooping, 
be convalescent. 
inTotoviyane, n., (1) a 
kind of large locust 
(Locusfidce, Phyma- 
teus Morbillosus) ; (2) 
chalk beads with blue 
stripe. 
Tsaga (Dzaga), r., spout 
out, spirt out from the 
mouth. 
Tsagisa, /•., syringe. 
unTswebe, «., (;>/. Ont- 

swebe), mou.se. 
inTnba, //., opening, occa- 
sion, op{)ortunity. 
umTnbi, »., biehtings (of 
milk). 
umtubi weqanda, 
yolk of an ogg. 
inTudhla, «., camelopard. 
Tuga» t\, revile, insult. 



Tugiilula, V.J Ioo.sen, un- 
fasten, untie, disen- 
tangle, outspan. 
Tngnta, ?'., perspire. 
Tugutela, r., be cross, 
angry, rage. 
isiXugntngn, w., perspira- 
tion. 
Tuha, I'., wander, be lost, 

miss the wa3% stray. 
Tuhisa, v., mislead. 
isiTuhwane, n., ghost. 
Tula, r., be still, (\\net, at 
peace, silent, dumb. 
UffuTula, /*., peace, silence. 
(UMuTuli, /I., dust. 
Tuli, adj., grey. 
Tnlisa, r. <r., appease, 
pacify, soothe, sup- 
press, relieve pain, 
silence. 
inTulikazi, n., sixth month 

after the dance. 
islTulu, n., dumb person. 
Tulula, v., pour out, pour 

down. 
Tama, e?., send. 
Tumba, v., rob, ransack, 

plunder, capture. 
iTumba, u., boil, abscess, 
tumour, swelling. 
amaTumbu, w., entrails, vis- 
cera. 
islTurabu, n., calf of leg. 
Tumela, ?'., send to. 
Tufia, <;., (1) stitch, sew; 
(2) inoculate, vaccin- 
ate. 
iTufta, It., milking vessel. 
Tufiamela, v., guide, con- 
duct 
Tnfiata, r., scent, follow 

game (of dogs), sniff. 
Tunda, v., make water. 



Tun 



( 250 ) 



Ung 



nbaTandTi, n., bluntness. 
iuTundu (intuntu), n., 
ba^^trage, luggage, pos- 
sessions. 
Timdubala) v., make 
blunt. 
umTunduluga, w., name of 
a tree. 
Tunela, v., thread beads, 

sew for. 
Tunjwa, v. pass, tumba. 
Tunqa, v., rise of smoke, 

dust. 
Tunywa, v. ])ass. tuma. 
isiTunywa, n., messenger. 
isiTunzi, n., shadow. 
umTnnzi, n., shade, shelter, 

an umbrella. 
isiTupa, n., thumb. 

Tusa, v., give a present, 
pa}^ wages, reward. 
inTnsi, n.,& red and white 

ox, chiefly red. 
^ iTnsi, /i., brass, copper. 
inTiiso, n., present, wages, 
reward. 
Tnta, v., remove house, 
transport goods. 
islTuta, n., fool, dunce, 

idiot. 
inTntu, n.^ smoke. 

intutu yamanzi, 
steam. 
Tutumela, v., tremble 
from friglit, stagger, 
quake, shake with fear. 
islTutwane, n., epilepsy. 
(ul)uTuvi, 71., forces. 

Tuza, y., hit the mark in 
shooting, not miss. 
inTwabi, ?<., hiccough. 

tjaya intwabi, have 
hiccough. 
Twala, v., carry on the 



head, support, carry in 
any way. 
twala umvula, sky 

lowers. 
twala amehlo, be 
alert. 

twala inguane, 
wear a hat. 
inTwala, n., louse. 
nmTwalo, ?i., bundle, bur- 
den. 
inTwane, n., red lynx or 
caracal. 
Twasa, v., change of 
moon, 
moon. 



U 



U, pi'on., he, she, thou, 
it ; see " Notes." 

Uba, conj., see Alubana, 
if. 

Ubani, inter, pron. ; see 
Bani. 

Ugu, (1) sign of the in- 
finitive ; (2) prefix of 
verbal nouns. 

Uguba, conj.^ that, in 
order that. 

Uguti, conj., that. 

Umkati, n., interval, 

space. 
iUndhlu, n., cub, whelp, 
pup, young of animals 
(not of cattle, horses, 
sheep, and goats). 
"ain(u)Unga, ??., a variety of 
mimosa. 



Va 



( 261 ) 



Vug 



Va, v., bear fruit, pro- 
duce. 
umuVa, only used in loc. 
Emuva, q.v., behind. 
iVa, n. {plur. Ameva), 
thorn, back fin of a 
fish, quill of a porcu- 
pine, 
amevanyana, prick- 
les. 
Vala, t"., shut up, close 

in. 
Valela, v., shut out. 
Valelisa, v., take leave. 
isiValo, /<., door, shutter. 
(ul)uValo, (1) diaphragm ; (2) 
alarm, fright, remorse, 
anxiety, terror, (?) con- 
science. 
Varna, v., abound in, 
have plenty. 
(u)luVamva, n. ; We uVava. 
isiVande, n., patch of gar- 
den ground, trial patch. 
(u)luVava, r., splinter (in the 
flesh). 
Vela, I'., come, occur, 
come up as plants. 

Veza, J'., bear fruit, pro- 
duce. 
veza ulimi, put out 
the tongue. 
iliVi, n., knee cap. 

Viga, v., dodge, fence, 

ward off. 
iVigani, n., name of a 
tree. 



Vigela, I?., shield, protect 
defend. 
(i)liVila, /t., sluggard. 

VimDa, r., plug, stop up, 
shut oft', stanch. 
vimbana umpuinu- 
lo, be stuffed up 
with a cold in the 
head. 
Vimbela, v., plug, stop, 
hinder, stop road, pre- 
vent, 
vinjelelwa fteznlu, 
stopped by the 
rain. 
umVimbi, «., very heavy 

rain. 
isiVimbo, /<., plug, stopper. 
umVimvinya. n., wale. 
Visa, v.icf. tjaya inala), 
obtain abundance of 
anything. 
Vitja, v., comb. 
umVitjo, n.. a comb; 

alsoizinti zoguvitja. 
(uDuVivi, «., very early dawn. 
umuVo, /<., (1) so much be- 
yond ten ; (2) the hor- 
net. 
iVondo, 7?., grass-cutting 
animal like the klip- 
springer. 
imVu, //., sheep. 

izimvu ezimhlope, 
grey hairs. 
Vuba. V , mix together. 
Vubeia, r., rise as dough. 
imVubelo, n., barm, yeast, 

leaven. 
imVubu, 7j., hippopotamus. 
Vuga, r., arise, awake, 
revive, recover health, 
start up of game. 

iVugudu (ifugudu), «., 
large pigeon. 



Vug 



( 252 ) 



Wal 



imVngnzana, \ 
umVuguzi, J 



n., mole. 



Vula, r., open, unfasten, 
reveal. 
Vula indhlela, open 
a road anew. 
imVula, rain. 

pehla imvula, to 
lower, when gath- 
ering clouds 
threaten rain. 
isiVulo, n., key. 

Vuma, v., consent, agree, 

be willing. 
Vumbuluga, v. int., be 
discovered, revealed, 
opened. 
Vumbulula, v. tr., dis- 
cover, reveal, uncork. 
Vumela, v., agree to, 
acknowledge, obey, ac- 
cede to, assent, allow, 
permit, submitto,yield, 
own, sanction. 
Vumela umlandu, 
be penitent, re- 
pent. 
Vumelana, ?^., agree with 
one another. 
(uDuVumelano, n., treaty, 
agreement. 
Vumis(is)a, v., persuade. 
Vuna, v., reap. 
Vunda, v., (1) be fertile ; 
(2) high of meat, ran- 
cid. 
umVundhla, n., liare. 

Vunula, v., adorn the 
person, wear orna- 
ments. 
Vufiula, V,, pick the 

teeth. 
Vufiuza, v., blow hard, 
blow a gale. 



isiVufiuzane, n., squall, 
gale. 
Vusa, t)., arouse, awaken, 
incite. 
vusa inhliziyo, 
cheer, comfort. 
Vuta, V. int., blaze, burn. 
Vutela, v., blow the fire. 
imVuto, ??., bellows. 
imVutu, 7?., crumbs. 

Vutwa, v., be ripe, 
cooked, mature. 
gu vutiwe, it is done 
( — cooked enough). 
Vuvuga, v., swell. 
Vuza, v., leak, ooze, run 
out. 
umVuzamanzi, n., a variety 

of snake. 
umVuzo, n., wages, reward. 



w 

Wa, (1) v., fall down, 

tumble ; (2) past tense 

form of pers. pron, U. 

iliWa, n., cliff, precipice. 

(i)liWaba, w., an ox with 

white belly and flanks, 

body, black or red. 

"Wabo,pos,9.pron., their, 

its ; see " Notes." 
Wake, poss. pron., his, 

hers ; see " Notes." 
Wako, poss. pron., thy, 
thine, its; see "Notes." 
Walazela, v., do hur- 
riedly. 
enza amawala, do 
hurriedly. 



Wal 



( 253 ) 



Xib 



Walo, po88. pron.^ its; 

see •' Notes." 
(i)liWasakazi, »., a black 

cow with white belly 

and flanks. 
Waso, po8s. pron.., its; 

see '• Notes." 
Wawo, poss. pron., its, 

their ; see "Notes." 
Wayo, poss. pron., its, 

their; see "Notes." 
Wazo, poss. pron., their; 

see " Notes." • 

Wela, v., fall into, 

tumble into. 
Welela, v., cross a river, 

wade. 
Wena, pron., thou. 
Wenu, poss, pron., your; 

.see " Notes." 
Wetu, />o.«f.9. pron., our; 

see " Notes." Used 

also as a term of fa- 
miliarity. 
Wisa, v., throw down, 

}»ush down, knock i 

down, upset, throw in 

wrestlinj^. 
Wola, v., see Hola, gather 

up (rubbish). 
Wona, pron., it, them, 

they ; see " Notes." 
Woza, imper. pers. of 

sa, come ! 



Xab^ r., quarrel. 

Xaba iaye, quarrel 
with him. 
iXaba, n., kaVoss. 



Xabana, v., wrangle, 
brawl, quarrel one 
with another. 

Xabanisa, v., stir up a 
quarrel. 
isiXabo, n., bar, bolt. 

uXamu, n. (cf. imBulu), 
animal said to bite and 
suck cow's udders, 
water iguana, water 
cliameleon. 

Xapa, r., lap up, drink 
of dogs, applied to 
slaves contemptuously. 

Xapazela, v., bubble. 
sputter. 

Xapoza, V , wade through 
bog. 
amaXapozi, n., marsh, bog, 
morass, swamp. 

Xatula, v., (I) make 
marks in anything 
soft, as new floor, by- 
walking over it; (2) 
remove bits of meat 
from fresh skin. 
isiXana, n., coop. 

Xebula, ?'., strip bark 
from a tree. 

Xega, v., (1) be shaky, 
slack, not tight, be 
loose as a post in the 
earth ; (2) move on, 
make room. 

Xegisa, v., loosen, shake. 
(i)liXegu, //., old man. 

Xexebuga, v., tear, or 
scratch off the scab 
from a sore. 
(il)iXiba, n., (1) division of 
army or town, troop 
of soldiers ; (2) hut for 
boys or girls. 



Xin 



( 254 ) 



Yeg 



isiXifia, n., calabash, 
vessel, 
isixifia sobnhlnftgni, 

tin of powder. 
isixifia sesibanego, 
candlestick. 
nmXitja, ??., rainbow. 

Xoba, v., bruise, crush, 

tramp clay. 
Xobisa, v., pulverize. 
isiXobo, «., name of a tree. 
Xogozela, ?;., chatter. 
iXolo, 71., (1) bark of trees ; 

(2) scale of fish. 
Xotja, v., drive away, 
cast out, turn out, 
spurn, disown, divorce. 
Xoxa, 1?^, chat, con- 
Xoxela, J verse, gossip. 
iliXoxo, n., toad, frog. 
Xoza, V. tr., peel, as 
pumpkins are peeled, 
with a peculiar chop- 
ping movement. 
(il)iXozelo, n., chip, a piece 
of wood. 
isiXugu, 71., crowd, swarm. 
iXugwana, n., group. 
Xuma, v., put a child to 
the breast, give to 
drink, drink leaving 
some, take a drink. 
Xumega, v., transplant, 

plant out. 
Xupa, v., rinse out 

mouth. 
Xwala, r., rebel. 
inXwala, ??., (1) one who 
squints ; (2) the 
great dance. 
Xwaya, v., be vigilant, 
alert, cautious. 
(u)luXwexwe, a., scab of a 



Y, copulative particle, 
e.g. 6u yinkomo=it is 
an ox. 

Ya, (1) v., advance, go, 
travel ; (2) aux. v., see 
paradigm ; (3) past 
tense form of pers. 
j?ron. I. 
ainaYa(maya), n., false re- 
ports, lies, nonsense. 
isiYabakazana, n., giddi- 
ness. 

Yabo, poss. pron., its, 
their ; .see " Notes." 

Yake, poss. pron., his, 
her, its ; see " Notes." 

Yako, poss. pron., thy, 
thine, its; see "Notes." 

Yalo, poss. pron., its; 
see " Notes." 

Yami, poss. pron., my, 
mine ; see " Notes." 

umYalia(yafia), n., poor 

person. 
ubuYana, n., poverty. 

Yaso, ^>o.v.s. pron., its ; 

.see " Notes." 
Yawo. ]^oss. pron., its, 

their; .vee "Notes." 
Yayo, poss. pron., its, 

their ; see " Notes." 
Yazo, poss. pron., their ; 

see " Notes." 
Ye(bo), interj., yes. 
Yega, v., cease, leave off, 

stop. 



Yeg 



( 255 ) 



Zay 



Tegela, t;., cease, leave 

off, stop doing, let go, 

set free, release, acquit, 

forgive. 
Yena, pron., he, she. 
Ye&a, v., deceive, allure, 

seduce, tempt. 
Yenu, poss. pron.y your ; 

see •' Notes." 
Yetu, pons, pron., our; 

see '* Notes." 
amaYezi, w., clouds, weather. 
isiYezi, //., giddiness. 
uYihlo, »., thy father. 
uYise, /^, his father. 
Yo (1) =ya gn of future 

tense ; (2) adjectival 

affix to verbs, e.g. o 

bulawayo = the killed 

one. 
Yona, pron., it, they, 

them ; see " Notes." 
Yoka, r., imper. pres. of 

Ka, q.v. 



ZdL, (1) r., come ; (2) aux. 
r., sign of the future, 
see " Notes " ; (3) past 
tense form of 7>er». 
pron. Zi. 
isiZa, w., threshing-floor. 
amaZa, n., waves, ripples. 
iZaba, n., sacrifice. 
Zabo, poss. prou.^ their, 

its ; see " Notes." 
Zake, poss. pron., his, 
her, its; stt ',' Notes." 



Zako, poss. pron., thy, 
thine, its ; see "Notes." 
Zala, r., bear young, 
bear fruit, bep:et. 
Zalela amaqanda, 
lay eggs. 
Zalo, pass, pron., its; 
see "Notes." 
inZalo, n., seed of grass. 
isiZalo, n., uterus. 
umZalwane, n., brother, re- 
lation. 
abazalwane, kin- 
dred. 
Zama, v., strive, try. 
Zamazama, r./«Y., shake 
(of earth), rock back- 
wards and forwards. 
Zamazamisa, v. tr., rock, 
shake. 
ainaZambane, n., ground 
nuts. 
Zami, pQ^s. pron., my, 

mine ; see '* Notes." 
Zamula, v., gape, yawn, 

stretch after sleep. 
Zana, mix. v., see 
"Notes"; with the 
sense of never, e.g. 
A fi.i zana 6a m bona 
= 1 never saw liim. 
umZana, n. (dim. of umuzi), 

village. 
umZanyana, n. (dim. of 
Uinzana), little vil- 
la-o. 

Zanyazanyiswa, v.. jxhfs. 

of Zamazama. 
Zaso, poss. jtron., its; see 

" Notes." 
Zawo, poss. pron., its 

their; see *' Notes." 
Zayo, poss. pron., its 

their; set "Notes." 



( 256 ) 



Ziq 



Zazo, poss. pron., tlieir, 

see " Notes." 
Ze, suffix^ bare, naked, 
empty, having noth- 
ing. 
Zega, r. copulate of 
animals, tread of a 
cock. 
Zele, per/, of Zala. 
Zenu, poss. ])ron., your ; 

see " Notes." 
Zenzela, ) v. (Enza), pre- 
Zenzisa, I tend, sham, 

act hypocritically. 
Zetn, poss. pron., our; 
see " Notes." 
umuZi, /?., town, station. 

nmuntu owemizi, a 
stranger. 
imiZi. n., rushes, reeds. 
isiZioa, n., pool in a river 
bed. 
Zibabaza, v. (Babaza), be 

conceited. 
Zibamba (Bamba), have 
self-control, be tem- 
perate, restrain one- 
self. 
uZibandhlela, n., the 
month at the end of 
which the " little 
dance " is held. 
(il)iZibugO, n., a drift or ford 
in a river. 
iliZibulo, ??., first-born 
child. 
Zielula, v. (Elula),stretch 

oneself. 
Zigabisa, v. (Gabisa), be 
arrogant. 
umZigi, r?., reedbuck. 
(il)iZigO, ??., hearth. 

Zikulisa, v. (Kulisa), 
boast, be proud, vain. 



uguZiknlisa, ??., self-conceit. 
Zikukumeza, r. (Kuku- 
meza), boast, be vain. 
(i)liZila, n.. fast. 

lizila lomlimo, Sun- 
day. 
Zila, v., fast, abstain. 
nmZila, n. (c/. indhlela), 
road, cattle-path, track. 
TiinZiinba, n. body, trunk, 

substance, bulk. 
(i)liZiinu, ??., cannibal. 
Zincitja, v. (Ncitja), 
deny self. 
uguZincitja, n., self-denial. 
Ziiiela, v., hunt, sport. 
Zifielega, v. int., to go 
round in a circle, re- 
volve, turn round and 
round. 
Zineleza, v. tr., make to 
revolve, rotate, cause 
to turn in a circle, or 
round and round. 
3lezi, n., circle. 
enza isizi&elezi, 
make a circle. 
umZingandhlu, n., variety 
of snake. 
Zinigela, v., (Nigela), 
surrender oneself. 
(i)liZinyane, n., lamb, kid, 
young of animals, 
chicken. 
(il)iZinyo, n., tooth. 

puma amazinyo, ) 
mila amazinyo, f 
teethe. 
(u)luZipo, ?^., finger nail, claw, 
talon. 
uzipo Iwegwai, 
pincli of snuff. 
Ziqaja, v. (Ziqatja), be 
vain, arrogant, proud. 



Zit 



( 257 ) 



Zwi 



Zitanda, v. (Tanda), be 


{pL Abeznfin); (2) 


seltish. 


a climbing plant in 


umZop, «., leecli. 


rocky places, with a 


iZolo, »., yesterday. 


white Hower. 


amaZolo, /^, dew. 


isiZufiuzane,^., whirlwind. 


dhla amazolo, feed 


Zuza, i\, obtain, procure, 


early (of cattle). 


win, recover, profit. 


Zombazomba, i'., be 


inZuzo, «., profit. 


crooke(l(of paths),wind 


Zwa, r., feel, taste, hear, 


about in walking. 


smell, be alive, av^cake. 


inZombe, «., draught or 


zwela nbnhlunu. 


pack ox. 


sympathize. 


Zona, pron., they, them; 


UguZwa, /?., physical sense. 


sep. " Notes." 


Zwagala, v. int., be 


Zonda, r. tr., hate. 


audible, visible, etc. 


Zondelela, r. tr. (Zonda), 


(il)iZwane, /?., toe. 


disown, cast off. 


umZwazwa, //., hawk. 


Zonolozela, v., see Zafie- 


iliZwe, n. (yV. izizwe), land. 


lezela. 


country, territory. 


Zoto, adj.^ see Nzoto, 


ezizweni, abroad. 


brown. 


Owezizwe, a stran- 


(il)iZulu,«., (1) sky; (2) rain. 


ger. 


Zufieleza, see Zifieleza. 


isiZwe, /?., tribe, nation. 


Zufielezela, r., surround 


(nl)iiZwezwe, n., leather. 


with a cord, wind up 


strap, dressed skin. 


string into a ball. 


iliZwi, 71., word, voice. 


isiZniiu, /j., loneliness. 


order, message. 


lesizu&u, lonely. 


ilizwi li ya tja, be 


umZufiu,w.,(l)a Portuguese, 


hoarse. 



VOCABULARY 

SHUNA — ENGLISH 



A (1) pers. pron., he, 
she, it, Spers. sing, of 
mu-ba class; 3 pers. 
pi. of ri-ma class. 

(2) pcCrticle, the sign of 
the negative with the 
verb, see " Notes." 

(3) particle, the sign of 
the imperative, e.g. a 

TI ENDE = let US go. 

Aba, dem. pron., these. 
iAbha, n., axilla, armpit. 
buAbha, n., beer, common- 
ly pronounced bha- 
BHA. Its prefix pro- 
noun also becomes bh, 
the u changing to the 
guttural H, bh-abha 

BH-ANGU. Cf. BH-ATO 

BHANGU. See also 
MiJwANA, where mnw 

= MU. 

Abo, pers. pron. emph. 
(1) they, them; (2) 
poss. pron., their ; see 

"Notes." 



tj(i)Abobo, n., cheek-bone. 
ruAburt, \n., see gu- 
ru Aburo,/ Ahuri. 

Adzo, poss. pron., their ; 

see " Notes." 
iAdzwadzi, see i-Hadz- 

WADZI. 

Aguga, v. int., jump, 
jolt, leap, spring. 
GuAgugwa, n., a clay pot, 
not yet burnt. 
Agura, v. tr., jerk. 
RU-GU Ahuri, ) ?i., stick or cord 
guAhuru, ] in a cow's 
nose. 
Ai, inter j., no ! 

muAka, n. (makei), a year. 

Ake, poss. pron., his, 
hers, its ; see " Notes. 

Ako. poss. pron., thy; 
see " Notes." 
muAli, n. (mnwali), God. 

I Am A, n., see iHama. 

iAmba, 71., tortoise. 

iAmbagubvu, n., pango- 
lin, or scaly manis. 



Ama 



( 259 ) 



A« 



Amai, n., see Mai. 


Andisa, v. tr. (anda), 


muAmbabvu, 71., groin. 


enlarge. 


t(j)iAmbara, n,, sand. 


muAndo, 1 7i., air, atmo- 
muAndu, f sphere, breeze, 


Ambuga, v. ford a river. 


Ambugira, v., ford a 


breath, wind. Hence 


river (at a certain 


the spirit of man 


place). 


(Mnwandu). 


Ambuya, n., mother-in- 


tj(i)Ando, 71., cold, frost, ice. 


law. Takes the pi. 


GU NETJANDO, it is 


pron. BA. 


cold. 


tj(i)Amhe, 1 «. a sheep tick. 
tj(i)Amhue,/ (tji shamnrb). 


iAnoanrobe, 71., stork. 


Angu, poss. pron., my, 


iAmiro, 71., milking ves- 


mine ; see " Notas." 


sel. 


Am, pron. inter, (yani), 


tj(i)Ampupudzi, ) n., a squall 


who, whom, e.g. ndi- 


tj(i)Ampupuri, ( of wind, 


YANi?=who is it? 


whirlwind. 


tj(i)Ansa,\^ ,^^, 
ruAnsa;)^* ^*°^- 


muAna, n. (Mnwana), a 


child, young of any 


U NO NDI TI RGWA- 


animal, fruit of a tree 


NSA=you give me 


(pi. Ban a). 


a handful. 


MNWANA WEZAI, 


ANSI, v., say. 


yolk of an egg. 


Anu, adv. (nu), still, yet. 


M^WANA WEZISO, 


tj(i)Anyobera, n., corn from 


pupil of the ej'e. 


the hole,reached by the 


ITA SOMNWANA, act 


water, or mildewed. 


childishly. 


Anzisa, v. tr., increase. 


HuAnana, n. (mnwanana). 


ANZISA mauebo, ex- 


a baby, a very little 


aggerate. 


child ipl. banana). 


Anzu, 71., see iHanzu, 


BA-MUAnA, n. (BAMfJWANA), 


Famba. 


fruit of vegetation, 


ruAre, 71., see ruWare. 


seeds. 


Ari, (1) 71., see i-Hari; 


Anda, v. int., increa.se 


(2) conj. pron., him. 


in number or extent. 


her, it, them ; see 


to spread, swarm, he 


"Notes." 


broad, abundant, to 


Aro, poss. pron., its : see 


have abundance. 


" Notes." 


ouAnda, n,, breadth. 


iAta, 71., a pad. 


ruAnda, n., prepared skin, 


ouAtata, n., pancreas. 


leather, a piece or strip 


huAti, 1 n., bark of a tree, a 
ouAti,) board (iGadi). 


of leather, a "voor- 


slag." 


At JO, poss. pron., its; 


tj(i)Anda, 71., see iTjanda. 


see " Notes." 



Ato 



( 260 ) 



Bah 






(bhato), canoe, 
boat. 



buAto, 
huAto, 
buAtu 
GuAuRU, ?i., see guAhu- 

RU. 

lAwA, n., wild dog. 
A wo, J70,ss. pron., its, 
their ; see " Notes." 
tj(i)Ayinga, n., see tji- 
Enga. 
Ayo, poss. pron., its, 

their ; see " Notes." 
Azwo, poss. pron.f their ; 
see " Notes." 



B 



Ba, (1) v., be, exist, be- 
come ; (2) steal, be dis- 
honest; {3) pers. pron., 
they, them. 
tjimBa, n. (tjiMba), puff- 
adder. 
imBa, n., see iMba. 
uBaba, n., father. 

BABA MKURU = 

grandfather, or 
eldest brother of 
father. 
Baba, v., to be bitter, 

pungent, brackisli to 

taste. 

NDf NO BABIGWA 

(pass.), I have a 
bad taste in my 
mouth. 
mBaba, n., frost. 
Babarira, v., persevere, 
be earnest. 
mBabarira, n., a fight. 
riBabe, n., open country. 



Babidzira, ) V. tr., burn 

Babijila, ) the dry 

grass round a town. 

BANU ba no babid- 
zira MUSHA = the 

people are burn- 
ing the grass 
round the town. 
Babigwa, see Baba. 
Babo, poss. pron., their ; 
see " Notes." 
riBabva, 71., a thief. 
mBabvu, ) ?i., a rib, side 
rumBabvu, } of meat,flank 
of an animal. 
Bada, v., (1) lie down, 
rest, recline ; (2) model, 
mould, knead ; cf. 
Bata. 
mBada. 71., (1) leopard. 
Sometimes applied to 
any animal of the 
carnivora ; (2) walking 
stick. 
Badisa, v., lull to sleep, 
put to sleep. 
riBadza, n., native pick, 
hoe. (Eng.) spade and 
shovel. 
Badza v. (Banza), con- 
ceal, hide. 

BA no BADZANA NO- 

MOYO = they are of 
one mind. 
Badzanisa, v. tr., recon- 
cile. 
Badzo,j90SS. pron., their ; 
see " Notes." 
riBago, n., see iBako. 
ruBahb, n.. space within a 
larger space or enclo- 
sure. 
dzimBawwp, 71., see dzim- 
Bakwe. 



Bai 



( 261 ) 



Ban 



I 



Baima, i\, see Payima. 
Baira, r., obtain reward 
for service, receive 

pay- 

muBairo, n., wap^s. 

Baka, v., build, encamp, 

fence, dwell, inhabit. 
Bake, posm. pron., his, 
heru, its ; see " Notes." 
Bakira, v., build for, 

enclose for. 
Bakiraxa, v., build near 
to one another, be 
neighbours, be adja- 
cent. 
Bako, poss. pron.j thy ; 
see " Notes." 
riBako, n., cave, hole in a 
tree, hole in a tooth, 
an overhanging stone 
or rock. 

ITA BAKO, overhang. 
tjiBako, »., snutf-box. 
tjiBakwe, 7j., mealies, 
maize. 
dzimBakwe, n., graves of 
the great. 
Bala, v., beget (in N.E. 
Mashuna Land). 
nBalilo, w., see mBari- 
ro. 
Bamba, v.y see Banda. 
mBambayira, n., purple 
sweet potatoes ; c/. 

TJlBURA. 

mBambo, 7f., father. 

Bamnwb, see Mnwb. 

Banda, v., (1) do secret- 
ly, hide, bo out of 
sight, disappear, dis- 
avow, deny ; (2) eat 
away, wear away, 
gnaw as an ulcer or 
disease, ache, pain, 



smart, i.e. the pain 
caused by the eating 
away. 

BANDA MZIKA, tO 

clear bush, chop a 
road. 
tjiBanda, 71., ghost; see 

tjEro. 
riBandabuko, 71., shoulder 
blade, fore-quarter of 
meat. 
riBande, ) 71. (iBende), 
tjiBandb, ) (1) piece bro- 
ken off, or cut out, a 
l)ortion, part; (2) in- 
cision, gap, notch. 
Baxdidzira, r., crowd 
around, press down, 
squeeze. 
Bandira, v., lie in wait 
for, watch for, take 
heed. 

BANDIRIRA ZUBA = 

lie in the sun. 
Bandisa, v., see Ba- 

NZA. 

Bandudza, v., chip, 
especially to chip 
stone. 

iBanb, 71., black earth 
when wet with rain. 
riBanb, 71., open country, 

.see iMani. 
tjiBane, 71., brook. 

Banoa ?;., (1) run, rush, 
canter, gallop ; (2) em- 
brace. 

TJIBaNOA,! (TJIPaNOA), 7I., 

riKanoa,/ knife. 
riHanoa, 71., (1) a wound, 
scar ; (2) shovel. 

MABANGA ENOMBA, 

pits of smallpox. 
mBakoa, n., sack. 



Ban 



( 262 ) 



Bat 



RiBANOO,ln., stick, stake, 

riBanguJ bar to close 

kraal gate. 

Bangu, pos8. pron., my ; 

see " Notes." 

ruBangu, n. (Mangu), 

sparrow-hawk. 
riBanlemnke, n., bat. 

Banza, v. (Banda), hide. 
mBanzhe, w., Indian 
hemp. 
ruBanzi, In., splinter, 
ruBanzu,/ piece (of bro- 
ken stick), a portion, 
part. 
Banzuga, v. (Panzuga), 
be in a chipped, split, 
cracked condition, to 
split, crack (intr.). 
Banzugura,! 
Banzura, )v. tr., chip, 
chop, split, crack, 
divide. 
banzura nzira = 
chop a road. 
riBapu, n., lung. 

Bara, v. tr., count. 
muBara, 1 
riBara, > n., colour. 
ruBara, ) 

riBara, n., bullet; in pi. 
ammunition, shot. 
Baraidza, v. tr., hinder, 

retard, lull to sleep. 
Baraigwa,\v., dawdle, 
Barairwa, j be slow. 
ruBake, n., enclosure, flat 

patch of ground. 
maBari, n., sparks. 

Bariga, v. int., ^y off 
(as sparks). 
riBariro. ) n., a lath, very 
mBariro, ) long thin 



stick, a twig, a cross- 
bar. 

mBaro, n., bar to close 
gate of kraal. 

riBaro, ?i., large assegai. 
Baro, poss. pron., its ; 
see " Notes." 

riBasa, n., work, business, 
task, service, labour. 
nemabasa, busy. 

riBasu, w., branch. 
Bata, v. tr. (bada), hold 
in the hand, lay hold 
of, grasp, handle, 
touch, cling to, seize, 
hug, take root, sustain, 
catch, capture, arrest, 
restrain, retain, con- 
trol, manage (an affair), 
superintend, work. 

BATA ZIBUYANA, do 

gently. 

BATA HOBE, Catch 

fish. 
BATA HOPE, be a- 

sleep, repose. 
BATA MAPFUMO, arm 

for w ar. 

BATA MKUMBO, WOO, 

court, elope. 

ziBATA, restrain 
oneself, be temper- 
ate. 

BATWA nedoro, be 
intoxicated. 

TSA NO BATA, hold 

carefully. 
GuBata, 71., work, busi- 
ness. 
mBata, n., a very long 
stick, walking stick. 
Batabata, v., (1) do hur- 
riedly; (2) grope; (B) 
flatter. 



Bat 



( 263 ) 



Bed 



Bataxa, v., grapple, 
wrestle, be across. 

MITI YA BATAXA = 

thetreesare dense. 
Batanidza, v. tr., cause 

to wrestle, grapple. 
Batidza, v. tr., make or 

help to hold, etc. 

BATIDZA MOTO, light 

a fire. 
Batidzira, v. tr.j help 

to hold for, especially 

bear, forbear. 
Batira, v. tr., hold for, 

touch, serve, earn. 
Batisa, V, tr., set to 

work, support, help to 

carry, hold. 

BATISA HOPE, lull 

to sleep. 
Batisana, v., do hur- 
riedly, inciting, help- 
ing one another to 
work. 
Batjo, poss. pron., its; 
.see " Notes." 
MBATO,\n., (1) tweezers," 



>:) 



tjiBato, / vice, tongs ; 
(2j handle of a knife ; 
(3) surety. 
riBato, n., bottom of a 

vessel. 
maBatu, 71., buttocks. 
Batwa, pojis. of Bata, 
mBaw^a, 71., cold. 

OU NEMBAWA, it is 

cold. 
riBava, 71., lock of a gun. 
ruBave, 71. (RuAiVE), cha- 
meleon. 
Bawo, poss. pron.^ its, 

their ; see '* Notes." 
Baya, r., (1) thrust into 
something, prick, stick 



with needle, pierce, 
poke, gore, stab ; (2) 
make war, invade. 
Bayana, v., (1) tight, 
strike, stab one a- 
nother; (2) be brave, 
be a good fighter. 
Bayira, v.. sacrifice 

(kill for). 
Bayirira, r., stick into, 
fix into. 
bayirira bango= 
fix the stake (in 
the ground). 
Bayo, poss. proji.. their, 
its; see "Notes." 
tjiBayo, 71., (1) file; (2) 
"stitch" in the side, 
stabbing pain in the 
side. 
mBayu, 71., anger, rage. 
nembayu, quarrel- 
some. 
Baywa, v. pass, of Baya. 
Baza, see Bazha. 
maBazha, 71., work, a task. 
Bazha, v., hide, see 
Banda. 
ruBazha, 71., encl(^ure, 
flat space, yard. 
mBazu, 71., «ee Banzu. 
Bazura, v., see Ban- 

zura. 
Bazwo, poss. pron., 
their ; see " Notes." 
tjimBe, 71., spur of a cock, 
hence of a horseman. 
mBeua, 71., mouse. 
mBeukhe, 7i., dumb per- 
son. 
Bbbbdzbra, t7., bleat. 
Bbbura, v., shave. 
Bkdu, poss. pron., our ; 
see " Notes." 



Bed 



( 264 ) 



Bha 



Bedzks(}A, r., cut into 
strips (as meat, skin). 
iBembo, n., mucus. 
uiBemfu, w., lunatic. 
Benda, i\ t7\, cut notch 
in tlie ear. 
iuBende, n., gap left by 
breakage, a notch ; also 
the piece broken or cut 
away. 
riBendekete, 71., shoulder 

blade. 
iuBendi, n., see riBe- 

NDE. 

Bendwa, pass, of Be- 
nda. 
Benga, v. (Peng a), dis- 
like, hate, loathe. 
Bengana, v., hate one 
another. 
riBengo, 71., headstrong 

man. 
ruBengo, 71., pancreas. 
Bkhyu, 2^oss.pr(m., your ; 
see " Notes." 
RiBENZf, 71., (1) lazy person, 
sluggard ; (2) obsti- 
nate, headstrong per- 
son ; (3) fierce, wild, 
mad, crazy person. 
riBepe, 71., eggshell, any- 
thing of the shape of 
a half eggshell. 
riBepu, n., a sigh. 

PFURA bepu, sigh. 
iBere, 71., see tjiPere. 
Berega, v., (1) bear 
young, produce fruit, 
be fruitful; (2) carry 
a child in a skin at the 
back. 
Berenga, v., (1) count, 
reckon, read ; (2) be- 
ware. 



riBerere, 71., verandah. 
Beru, adv., yet, still. 
a ndi beru nda 
FAMBA, I do not 
yet go. 
Berudza, see Buru- 

TSA. 

Besa, v. fr., light (a fire), 
ignite. 
tjiBeso,71., fireplace,hearth. 
riBeta, 71., dew. 

DYA BETA, "eat the 
dew," of cattle 
going out to pas- 
ture in the early 
morning before 
being milked. 
mBeu, ??., seed. 
Beza, v., see Bezha. 
iBezero,\71., chip, shav- 
tjiBezero,J ing of wood. 
Bezha, v. tr., carve. 
mBezho, 71., adze, a carv- 
ing tool. 
ka-mBezho, n., a small carv- 
ing tool. 
Bf..., seeBv... or Pf... 
Bha, v. int., dry up. 
imBha, n., dog. 

(Im-boga = Im-bua 

= ]m-bha). 

huBha, 7?. (hu-Mha), axe 

used in hunting, the 

so-called " battle-axe." 

Bhabhata, v. int., break 

out in sores. 
Bhaira, v., see Bha- 
rira. 
imBhakadzi, 71., bitch. 
imBhakwizi, 71., otter. 
uimBhamanga, 71., wild cat. 
Bhanya, v. tr., break in 
pieces, smash, crush, 
dash down, burst 



Bha 



( 285 ) 



nm 



bounds, break through 

fence. 
BiiAxzKJA, V. int., be 

broken in pieces, 

smashed. 
Bhaxyidzira, v. tr., 

squeeze, crush, smash. 

BHAXYIDZIRA BOKO, 

squeeze the hand 
painfully in hand- 
shaking. 

Bhaorixga, v. tr., per- 
vert. 

Bharira, v. int., explode. 

BHARIRA MESO, look 

wildly. 
Bhata, v. int., disappear, 
hide. 
KABHATA, privatelj'. 
Bhatira, v., hide from, 

seek refuge from. 

Bhato, n., see bh-Ato. 

riBhb, n. (i-mhe), sweet 

reed, sugar-cane. 
tjiBhere, 71., see tji- 
Bhyere. 

BHERFX5ETA, }v. talk, 
BHKREdETEflA,/ SpCak, 

chat, address publicly, 
preach (Reba). 

Bhereoetera, v., inter- 
pret (=sp3ak for). 

Bhibhinya, v. int., be 
bright, glisten. 

Bhila,! r. int., eat, help- 

BiiiRA,/ ing pneself 

with one's fingers. 
iBhisa, n., flour. 

Bhisa, v., take away ; «ee 

BiSA. 

mBiiishit, n. (Mnr-Izhu), 
hu8ks,osp.mealy husks. 
Bhititioa, v., fly about, 
of dust. 



Bhowa, n., mushroom, 
see UwA. 
riBhye, n., a stone, in jo^, 
hailstones, beads, shot 
(originally iBue). 

IBHYEMOTO, flint. 

tjiBhyere, n., child, especi- 
all}^ a little girl. 
RiBi, n. (BiPiTO), shoulder. 
BiDiRiGA, v., be restless. 
mBidzo, n., barm. 
BiGA, V. tr., (1) place, 
put, appoint, put by, 
reserve; hence conceal, 
hide, bury (the dead) ; 
(2) cook. 
BlGIDZIRA,\v. tr., (1) 
BiGijiLA, j catch rain 
falling in pots ; (2) 
provide; (3) bear, for- 
bear. 
BiGIRA, V. tr. (BiGA), put 
by for, preserve for, 
cook for. 
RiBiGO, 7?., company (of 
soldiers), division of 
army, a troop. 
TjiBiGWA, n., pain in the 
side, " stitch." 
BiHA, V. int., spring a 
leak. 
maBikwa, 71., gunpowder. 
mBiLA, 71. (mbira), (1) 
*' piano " ; (2) rock 
rabbit. 

MBILA YEDORO, a 

small quantity of 
beer. 
RuBiLO, n., speed. 
RiBiMA, 7?., reed buck. 
BiMBA, r., be happy, 
merry, glad ; hence, be 
satisfied with oneself, 
conceited. 



film 



( 266 ) 



Bog 



BiHBiRA, «., rejoice in, 


i.e. where the sun 


delight in. 


vanishes. 


BiMBisA, V. tr., please 


RuBiRO, 71. (BiLO), speed. 


another. 


rapidity. 


BiNDA, V. tr., chip. 


mBiru, 71., a prop, support. 


BiNDiKA,) v., put tail be- 
BiNiRA, / tween legs 


stay. 


BiSA, V. (Bvisa), take 


(of dogs). 


away, take off, take 


BiNGA, v., seek out, look 


out, bring forth, ex- 


for. 


tract, extricate, clear 


RiBiPiTO, 71., shoulder. 


away, carry away, de- 


BiRA, V. (BVIRA), (1) 


grade (from office or 


boil, sputter in boiling;, 


rank). 


effervesce, ferment ; (2) 


BISA ROPA = let 


go out of sight, vanish, 


blood. 


sink down, set, of the 


BISA RURIMI = put 


sun ; cf. WiRA. 


out the tongue. 


iBiRA, 7i., smelting fur- 


HADZI I NO BISA 


nace. 


MKAKA = the cow 


mBika, 71., musical instru- 


takes away her 


ment. 


milk. 


mBirapi, 71., groin. 


RiBiSE, 71., water melon. 


Biri, adj., two, both. 


BiSHE, ) adj. (Mbisi), un- 


riBiri, 71., iron mine. 


Bisi, / ripe, half cook- 


MuBiRi,\7i., body, sub- 
mBiri,/ stance. 


ed or raw. 


mBisi, n, quagga, zebra. 


MBIRI WOMUTI = 


horse, mule, donkey. 


trunk of tree. 


mBiti, 71., otter. 


mBiribiri, 71., (1) praise, 


mBiya, 71., wooden bowl, 


glory ; (2) chasm, 


basin. 


gully, ravine, banks 


ka-mBiya, 71., a little wooden 


of a river; c/. Bira, 


bowl. 


KURUMBIRA. 


RuBiZHO, 71., line of men, 


BiRiDZA, V. tr. (Bira), 


flank (horn) of army. 


boil. 


ITA RUBIZHO, stand 


BiRiMA, V. int., be saucy. 


in line. 


mischievous, play 


mBizi, 71., see mBisi. 


tricks. 


BoBODA, v., suppurate. 


mBirimi, 71., a braggart, a 


BoDHLORA, v., see Bvo- 


mischievous fellow. 


DHLORA. 


BiRiRA, V. int. (Bira), 


BoFU, adj., blind. 


sink into, vanish into ; 


RiBoFU, 71., blind man. 


hence be displeased. 


JMBoGA, 71., dog. 


guBirirazuba, 71., west. 


Bog A, v., see Boka. 



Bog 



( 387 ) 



Mb 



BoGESA, v., see Boke- 

SA. 

BoHWE, adj. (Mohwb), 
left hand. 
RuBoHWE, 11., left handed- 



U NORUBOHWE=he 

is left handed. 
BoKA, V. tr. (Boga), 

thank, applaud, praise, 

rejoice. 
BoKEGA, V. int., grateful. 
BoKESA, V. tr., please, 

cause to rejoice. 

RUBOKO, n. (pi. MABOKO), 

arm, hand, elephant's 
trunk. 

EDZA MABOKO, clap 

the hands. 
TORA BOKO, console. 
BOMA, V. tr., soil with 

dirt. 
BoMBA, v., (1) be debili- 
tated ; (2) moan, groan. 
RiBoMBARUMi, n., black- 
smith. 
BuBoMBO, n., cream. 

BOMBOLA, V. (BOMBA), 

moan, groan because 

of. 
BoMELA, v., see Boma. 
Bom I'M BA, n. (iMba), 

household. 
Bon A, f., see, notice, look, 

discover, beware, take 

heed, oversee. 
BoNA(iARA,)r., appear, 
BoNEiSA, / be visible. 
BoNEGWA, V. pass., be 

plain, distinct, evident. 
BoNEKA, «/'., preserve, take 

care of. 
BoNESA, v., reveal, over- 
see, superintend. 



BoNDA, v., strike. 
RiBoNDE, n., sleeping mat. 
iBoNDO, n., old dry grass. 
Bong A, v., .see Boka. 

GUBONGA, 71., joy. 
mBongo, n., princess. 
mBonje, n., abscess. 
BooRA, V,, see Blrura. 

RlBOI'03IA,l7l. (MOPOMA), 

paBopoma,/ cataract, 
waterfall. 
Bopoma, v., chat, gossip, 
cause droning sound 
of gossip like the noise 
of a distant waterfall. 
Bora, v., decay, rot, be 
" high " (of meat). 
mBora, } n. (Bola, Mora), 
ruBora, { sting of a bee. 
Borera, v., be fruitful, 
fertile. 
mBoro, n., penis. 

MBORO WBPFUTI,gun 

nipple, trigger. 
iBoROM A, n., underground 
bee. 
RiBoTA, 71., (1) dough made 
of ground cooked 
mealies and honey ; 
(2) waterj' porridge. 
mBotana, n., calf. 
iBou, 71. (iMou), cow. 
Bu, prefix and pron., it ; 
see " Notes." 
mBu, n., corn hole, or pit 

in the kraal. 
mBuba, 71., food for a jour- 
ney. 
RiBuBB,ln., spider, esp, 
TjiBuBE,/ the trap -door 
spider. Used also of 
the cobweb. 
BuBURA, V. int. (Teb.), 
groan, moan, complain. 



Bnb 



( 268 ) 



Bun 



BrBUZA, V. tr.j crowd 
around (of flies). 

BUDA, V. come out, go 
out, leave, quit, ger- 
minate, rise (of the 
sun), prepare for war, 
gather (of the clouds). 
ouBuDAZHUBA, n., east, 
sunrising. 

Bl'dhlu, adj.j naked, 
empty. 

BuDiDZA, V. tr., let out, 
bring out, abort. 

BuDiGA, V. ird., burst out 
from. 

BuDZA, V. tr., tell, de- 
clare, bear witness, 
testify, preach, explain, 
inform, direct, com- 
mand. 
mBudzana, n., lamb, kid, 
the young of all 
animals. 

RIBuDZI, n. (cf. BU-DZl), 

pumpkin, small wild 
variety, vegetable mar- 
row. 
mBudzi, n., goat. 

BUDZIRA, \v. tr. (BUD- 

BUDZIRIRA,/ za), tell, 
to tell about, bear wit- 
ness to, testify for, 
complain of. 

BuDZiSA, V. tr., tell em- 
phatically, truly. 
RuBuDZO, n., law. 
iBuHA, n., falling log 
snare in a fence. 

BuHiOA, v., see Pishiga. 

BuHUGWA, V. dep., cut 

the ears to insert rings. 

mBuhwa, n. (cf. Buba), 

food provision for a 

journey. 



BujA, v., see Budza. 
BujiSA, v., see Budzisa. 
Buka, v., see Boka. 
Bukashaba, n., see bu- 

Kashaba. 
Bumba, v. tr. (Teb.), 

mould, model. 
Bumbidziua, v. tr., com- 
press, squeeze. 
riBumbulu, n., egg. 
mBumbuluzana, n., ball, 

any round thing. 
iBumburo, n., a ball. 
BuMBURUGA, V. int., roll 
along. 
tjimBumbuuungwana, n., a 
ball. 
iBume, n., see iBumulo. 
iBumu, n., head ornament 

of a married woman. 
iBumulo, n., wild dog. 
riBuna, n., a girl past the 

age of puberty. 
RiBuNA, assembly. 

ITA BUNA, to as- 
semble. 
BUNDANA, v., fight. 
RiBuNDU, n., the attitude 
of attention. 

ITA BUNDU, stand at 
attention, or in 
line. 
iBuNDU, n., a knot in 

wood. 
mBundu, n., channel, 
ditch, furrow. 
BuNGA, n., see buNga. 
mBunga, n. (Bunkana), 

crowd. 
riBungubungu, n., the 

cobra. 
mBungwb, see mPung- 

WE. 

Bunkana, v. int., collect, 



Bun 



( 269 ) 



Bas 



I 



assemble, crowd, accu- 


BURIDZA NUMBU, tO 


mulate. 


abort. 


Bunk AN I DZ A, v. tr.^ col- 


BuRiGA, V. intr., to come 


lect, gather, raise 


out, burst out from. 


troops. 


RiBuRU, 71., tumour, ab- 


BuNKANiRA, V. tr.^ crowd 


scess. 


around (as flies). 


BuRUGATA, V. int., roll 


TjiBuNU, 71 , rump, lumbar 


about. 


regions, loin, waist. 


TjiM-BuRUGWA, n., see tjim- 


small of the bark. 


BURUNGA. 


BUNUMUN YUjOJJ., naked, 


BuRUGA, ) V. int., (1) de- 
BuRUKA, S scend, go 


empty. 


Bur A, v., go our, come 


down, come down, get 


out, or be out, e.g., 


down, dismount; (2) 


BUR A MEKE= raise 


break a law. 


an alarm, or ap- 


BuRUKiRA, V. int., come 


plause. 


down to, alight on. 


BURA HARi= remove 


BuRUKiDZA, V. tr., lower. 


the pot. 


let down, send down. 


BURA MOTO = take off 


BuRUNGA, ^v., be 
BURUNGANA,/ rouud, 


some fire. 


ZHUBA I NO BURA = 


like a ball, or a circle. 


it is a clear sky. 


MNWEDZI U NO BU- 


maBura, n. (ma-bu-Ra), 


RUNGA, the moon 


viscera, intestines. 


is full. 


tjlBura, 71. (mBambayira), 


tjimBurunga, "^ 71., a round 


sweet potato (white). 


iBuRUNGA, ^ thing, a 


BuRAYA, V. tr., kill. 


tjimBurungwa,) ball, a 


murder, afflict, vex, 


bullet, a loaf of to- 


illtreat, hurt, torment, 


bacco. 


damage anything. 


BuRURA, V. tr., bore. 


TjiBuKi, ) n., hole, orifice, 
iBuui, \ gap, eye of a 


puncture, penetrate. 


mBururidzo, ( ,, o„,w»,. 
MBimuRU, '}"m auger. 


needle, pass in hills. 


opportunity. 


BURURUGA, V. (PURU- 


MABURi, a net for 


ruoa), flap wings, fly. 


catching game. 


BURUTSA, V. (BuRUKA), 


mBithi, 71., sharle, shadow. 


let down, lower (of the 


shelter ; hence um- 


sky). 


brella. 


fiOMBB lYO YA KA 


BuRiDZA, V. ir. (Bura), 


BURUTSA MKAKA 


bring out, bring forth. 


= that cow has 


produce, pull out, de- 


given (her) milk. 


grade from office. 


BusHiOA, see Pishiga. 



Bnt 



( 270 ) 



Bvo 



mButana, n., calf. 
iBuTE, 71. (c/. the more 
usual BUTSi),mist, fog. 

IBUTE EMVURA = 

Steam. 

BuTAMU, see buTamu. 

BuTJi, see bu-Tji. 

BuTjiRA, v., clap hands. 

BuTSA, see Budza. 
mButsa, n., womb. 

BuwA, V. tr., plaster, 
daub, smear ttoor, close 
up pot with dung as in 
cooking. 

BuwANA, V. int., recline. 
mBuwana, 71., white 
crane. 

BuYA, V. int.^ come, ap- 
proach. 
mBuya, 91., mercy, kind- 
ness. 

BuYANA, >ac7/., good, 

BuYANANA, \ pleasant, 
nice, smooth. 

BuzA, V. tr., bring, fetch. 

BuzwA, v., see Bvunza. 

BvA, V. int. (cf. Pfa), 
come, occur, happen, 
come up (of plants). 

ZHUBA RI NO BVA, 

the sun is rising. 
MOTO U NO BVA = the 
fire burns. 

A NO BVA MAKUSI = 

the animal 
changes its coat 
{lit. the hair 
comes). 
BVAZHUBA, sunrise. 

BVIRIRAZHUBA, SUn- 

set. 
BVAPANU, get out! I 
BVA-KA-DARO, cha- 
racter. 



MA-M-BvABVA, 7?., dress, or 
" tails " of men. 
BvARA, v., dress, adorn 

the person. 
BvARiGA, v., come off 
(as hair). 
MABvARUBVARU, 71. (ma- 

Bvebve), rags. 

BVARUGA, V (BvARURA), 

be torn. 
BvARURA, V. tr., tear, 
rip, cut through, slit. 
maBvebve, 71., tatters, rags. 
RiBvENE, n., baboon. 
RiBvi, 71., elbow, knee. 
BviGA, V. tr. (Bva), shut 
(the door). 

BVIGIRA PAZHE, shut 

out. 
BviLiLA, v., see Bvirira. 
BviMiRA, v., spring up, 

of water. 
BviNZA, V. int., ooze, 
dribble, spring a leak. 
BVINZA MATE, drib- 
ble from the mouth. 
BviRA, V. (Bva) come 
to, come from, begin 
at. 

BVIRA MATE, dribble 
from mouth. 

BVIRIRA, V. (BvIRA) (1) 

spring up of water, 
bubble; (2) own to, 
acknowledge, permit. 

BviSA, v., see i3i«A. 

BvisiRA, V. tr., pa5^ 

BVISIRA MOSWA = 

pay a debt. 
BviSKWA, V. (Bva), be 

withdrawn. 
BvoDHLORA, v., pierce, 

penetrate. 

BVODHLORA NZEBB 



fiFO 



( 271 ) 



Bza 



- cut holes in the 
ears. 
BvoxGA, Vv., defile, 
BvoxGODZA, J stir up 
water defiling it. 

RBGA GU BVOXGO- 
DZA MVURA, Tl NO 

MNWA = do not 
disturb the water 
we will drink. 

BvoRixYOXGA, v., stir 
up, as the fire. 

BvowoRA, ?;., see Bvo- 

DHLORA. 
BVUBANIDZA, V. tr., COU- 

fuse, confound. 
BvuBURA, V. int., go 
further, beyond. 

BVUBVUDZA, V. {Cf. VU- 

GUDZa), bent or shake 
(a blanket, etc.). 
BvrGUTA, i\ (Pfugu- 
DZA), break up a sur- 
face, as in drawing a 
tree over the ground, 
hence to harrow. 

MAPFUNDB A KA 
BVUGUTWA = the 

corn is weevil- 
eaten. 

BvuMA, V. int., consent, 
be willing, assent. 

BvL'MBUKiRA, «., attack. 

BVI'MBURUDZA, V. (PfU- 

oudza), to foul, defile. 
BvuMBURU, adj., yellow, 
orange colour. 

BVUMBirRUPFUMBURU 

= bright yellow. 

BVUMIDZA, V. (BVUMA), 

persuade. 

BVUMIRA, V. (bVUMA), 

assent to, agree to, 
allow, sanction, own, 



acknowledge, confess 
(be penitent), submit, 
obey. 
BvuMiRAXA, V. int., agree 
with one another. 

BVUXARA, V. {cf. PfUXA), 

change colour, be dim. 

BvuxDA, v., shake, quake, 

shiver from fright, 

cold or fever, tremble. 

RiBvuxDE, 71., see ma- 

PFUXDE. 

BvuxDURA, V. int., be 
conceited. 

BvuxGUDZA, V. tr., an- 
noy, bother. 

BvuNYA, V. int., draw 
up, gather together. 
bvuxya zwito = 
draw up the limbs. 

BvuNZA, V. tr., (1) ask, 
question, enquire, ex- 
amine ; (2) govern, 
rule. 

BvuNZANA, V. question 
one another, consult. 

BvuRA, V. tr., strip off 
bark or hair, clear 
road. 

BvuRiGA, 11. int., come 
off, as hair. 

BvuRUDZA, V. tr., dis- 
miss. 

BvuTA, V. tr., snatch, 
take from by force. 

BvuTiRA, V. tr., snatch 
for, from, at, etc. 

BvUTiRHWA, V. pass, of 

BVUTIRA. 

BvuzA, v., see Bvunza. 
iBwembe, n., scurvy of 

goats. 
BzALA, V. tr. (Zwara), 

sow seed. 



Da 



( 272 ) 



Dan 



D 

Da, v. tr. (pass, diwa), 
like, love, desire. In 
Karanoa the verb da 
= to wish, may in 
some instances be con- 
sidered as an aux., 
nearly = Kaffir (Teb.) 
NGA, e.g. U NO DA (gu) 
GARA = he wishes to 
remain. 
ziDA, be selfish. 
inDa, n., louse. 

rjSl;}»-. habit. 

Da, conj., if. 
maDabavula, n., eaves of a 
hut. 
iDabhye, w., pot clay. 
Dabira, v. int., (1) pay 
attention, attend, an- 
swer a call, take heed ; 
(2) own, acknowledge, 
consent to, agree to. 
riDabuna, 71., kaross. 
Dada, v., be arrogant, 
conceited. 
uDadb, n. (Tate), father, 

uncle, master. 
buDadb, 71., bow (for shoot- 
ing). 
maDadeguru, 71., ances- 
tors. 
Dagwira, v. tr., crack 

(a whip). 
Daiga, v., see Tayiga. 
riDaku, n. (riTaku), gun 

stock. 
nDalimane,7i., lung sick- 
ness of cattle. 



Dama, i\ tr., narrate. 
riDama, 71., (1) account of 
an incident, message, 
command, plan, word, 
scheme ; (2) the cheek 
of the face. 

MADAM A, news. 
damagwaro, truth, 
true account. 
nDambi, 7z., wild cat. 
riDambidamrobi, \n., 
riDambidzamrobi, J stork. 
Dambuga, v., fall off, as 

hair. 
Dana, v. tr., call, call 
for, demand, require, 
invite, summon. 

DANA NENYADZI, tO 

make ashamed. 
maDana, 71., in the phrase. 

ITA MADANA, be 

skilful. 
iDANANA,?i.,femalechild. 
muDanda, \ n., beam, log, 
tjiDanda, > pole, post, 
riDanda, ) bar of wood. 
iDanda, n., seed of pump- 
kin. 
riDandazi, n., cobweb. 
riDandemtande, n. (iHa- 
ndemtande), spider, 
cobweb. 
riDandatsiwa, n., lake. 
riDandira, 71., cobweb. 
Danena, v. tr., open, as 
a hen opens an egg. 
riDanga, n. (mu-dung we), 
(1) an enclosure, a 
kraal, a circle; (2) 
that contained, viz. a 
herd, drove, flock ; 
hence crowd, company, 
troop; (3) (riNanga,) 
pumpkin. 



Dan 



( 273 ) 



Den 



tjiDanga, n., (1) small 
kraai; (2; the Tebele 
head-ring of Amado- 
da. 
muDaxgwe, w., the first- 
born. 
riDangwe, 71., a row of 
things. 
Danidza, v. tr. (dana), 
cause to call, call 
aloud, shout, proclaim, 
give a name to. 
iDantire, n. (Dade), bow 
(the weapon). 
riDapi. n., water rat, or 

large mouse. 
riDara, n., a stage, esp. 
that erected for watch- 
ing gardens ; may be 
used for '' table " and 
" bedstead." 
nDara, n., grass, old, dry. 
nDar AMA, n.,gold, money. 
riDara, n.(BU-TARi),iron. 
nDarira, 71., (1) brass, 
copper; (2) armlets, 
bracelets. 

DaRO, v. (DAYO, NARO), 

(c/. Teb. l^o), say, af- 
firm. 

ZWA KA DARO=it is 

said = that is so. 
BA BE DAYO=they 

said (so). 
DARO DZIDZE, raisc 
a quarrel. 
iDaro, n., dispute, con- 
tention. 

ITA DARO, ) di.s- 
itana DARO,/ pute, 

wrangle. 
NEDARo, contentious. 
DARoi»ARO, continu- 
ally. 



iDataba, ??., chin. 
Dawira, see Dabira. 
Dayo, see Daro. 
runDaza, see ruNdaza. 
riDebb. 71., dam of water. 
iDebhe, ] 71., blanket of 
iDebhye, f skin. 
nDebvu, 7i., beard, mous- 
tache. 
maDede, 72., the prone posi- 
tion, on the back. 

GU ITA MADEDE, tO 

lie on the back. 
Dedera, v. (dodera), be 
cold, cold from ague, 
to have " the shakes," 
tremble. 
Dedza, see Tedza. 
uDedza, 71. (uLeza), God. 
Defu, see Refu. 
Dehenya, see Tjetje- 
NYA, hatch. 
riDehenya, 7?., skull. 
Dbma, adj., black, dark 

blue. 
iDembo,) ^i_..t 

iDeme, 71., piece, bit, esp. 
a bit of broken cala- 
bash. 
riDemo, ) 71., axe, adze, 
kaDemo,)' cutting tool. 
NDfifJA, 71., beer basket. 
iDbnda,^71. (iTbnda), 
tjiDenda,/ catarrh. 
mDendb, 77., string of 

beads. 
riDbnde,) 77., a calabash, 
nDbndeJ both tlje vege- 
table, and the dry 
skin used as a ves- 
sel. 
tjiDbndb, a small cala- 
bash. 

T 



Den 



( 274 ) 



Dim 



Dendeluoa, v. int. (De- 
rera), slope down- 
wards of ground. 
nDendelugo, 7^., down- 
ward slope of ground. 
riDendere, 7?., fowl coop, 
nest, a kind of cage 
makeof bark and twigs 
for the carriage of 
fowls. 
iDendu, w., beeswax. 
riDenenga, n. (riDe- 
henya), skull. 
Denera, v. int., sprout, 
come up (of plants). 
riDenga, 71., roof, frame- 
work of the roof, the 
tent of a waggon, the 
sky. 
guDenga gu... ] prep., up- 
muDenga mu... > on, above, 
paDbnga pa... ) over. 
Deng A, adv., up on high. 
iDengu, n., large or 
small basket, plaited 
or sewn. 
maDeni, 71., small bushes. 
Denutsa, v. int., (1) miss 
the way ; (2) rest. 
riDepo, n., see Tepa. 
nDere, 71., beetle, and 
generally, an insect. 
Deredza, v. tr., (1) cause 
to slope downwards ; 
(2) despise, contemn, 
disdain. 
Derera, v. int., slope 
downwards of the 
ground. 
Deruga,) v. int. (1) de- 
Deruka, j scend, step 
down, alight ; (2) slope 
downwards of the 
ground. 



Derukira, v., alight on, 

descend to. 
Deruna, v. int., run, 

gallop. 
nDesw^i, 71., see nTeswi, 
a sharpened point. 
Dhla, see Dya. There 
are many varieties in 
the pronunciation of 
this word, Dhla, Dya, 
Tya, Thya, Dska, La. 
tjiDhla, n. (tjiDya), thigh, 
leg, hind-quarter of 
meat. 
tjiDhlanumbo, n., porcu- 
pine. 
ruDhli, ??., right side. 
Dhligwa,) pass, of 
Dhlirwa, j Dhla. 
Dhllsa, see Dyisa. 
Dhliwa, pass, of Dhla. 
Di, see Tl 
nDibanswipili, n., see 

DiMANSWIPILI. 

guDibi, see guTibi. 
nDibuwana, 71. (iHana), 

fear. 
iDiDiNGWE, 71., cheetah. 
DiGA, [v. int. (Da), 
DiGANWA, ) be amiable. 
DiGiDiGi, adj., little. 
RiDiGiTA, n., antbear. 
RiDiGiTi, 71., perspiration. 
tjinDigwana, 7?., .see 
tjiNdigwana. 
iDiHWA, 71., grass, old, 

dry. 
nDima, 71. (Teb.), strip of 

garden. 
nDimanswipili, 71., leech. 
nDimha, 7?., a musical in- 
strument. 
nDimo, 71., garden soil, 
earth. 



Dim 



( 275 ) 



Doe 



DiMPURA, V. (DiMURA), 

chop, chop off. 
DiMU«A, V. int.^ be cut, 

torn, chopped ; be 

sorry. 
DiMURA, V. ^r., cut, chop, 

break, tear, slit, divide 

in two ; make sorry. 

U NO DIMURA MOYO 

WANGU= you break 
my heart. 

DIMURA NYIGA = paSS 

through a country. 
DiMURANA, V. int., cut, 
break one another, 
make one another 
sorry. 
DiMURiRA, V. tr., cut 
for, allot, dedicate. 
RiDiMURO, n., hatchet. 
iDixGALE, n., spring 

hare. 
DiNi, pron. (Ndini), how 
great; {lit. it is what). 
DiNiDZA, V. tr., trample 

on. 
nDinindi, n., measles. 
Di.MRA, v., see Dinidza. 
DiRA, V. tr., pour into, 
infect, splash a person 
or thing, yield fruit, 
pay a tax. 
DiRiDZA, V. tr., drench 
an animal with medi- 
cine; irrigate. 
DiRiRA, V. tr. (Dira), 
pour out for. 
maDiro, 71., confluence of 
rivers. 
nDiro, 71., wooden bowl 
or vessel, dish, man- 
ger, trough. 
BuDiRO, ) n., barm, yeast, 
MuDiRO, ) leaven. 



DiSA, V. tr. (Da), love 
much, make to love, 
be kind, merciful. 
GuDiSA, n., kindness. 
RiDisiGiRO, 71., a spark. 
DiWA, pass, of Da. 
iDiYE, n., girl's hut. 
maDo, n. (Du), nettle. 
RiDoBA, n., dew. 
nDobb, n. {cf. iDoPE 
mRobe),(1) fresh dung; 
(2) mildew, damp. 
nDobha, n., dry dung, 
droppings of cattle, 
when dry. 
mDobi, n., bog. 
riDobo, n. (1) speed, swift- 
ness ; (2) rags. 
nedobo, aclj., swift. 
iDoboro, n., mud, esp. 

black mud. 
DoDERA, v., see Dedera. 
TjiDoDswo, n., topknot. 
GuDoGA GWEZHUBA, sunset. 
iDomba, n., dirt, filth. 

nedomba, adj., dirty. 
RiDoMBE, ) n., rock, big 
riDombo, [ stone, hence 
a fort, a place of re- 
fuge. Large beads 
are sometimes called 
Ma-dombe, 
iDomSwe, n., biestings. 
nDomso, ti., see nDonzo. 
Dona, iy. int., drop, drip, 

sprink a leak. 
iDoNA, 71., a drop. 

RIDoNDO, 71. (TONDO), 

thicket, wood country. 
RiDoxDOKo, H., yolk of egg. 
iDonb, 71., «eeI)oSwE. 
Donbdza, see Donidza. 
Donbowa, v. (Dona), ba 

wet with rain. 



Don 



( 276 ) 



Dun 



iDoN<;o, ] n.(iToNGO),old, 


BuDuKU, 7?., smallness. 


MuDoNGO, > deserted kraal 


DuKWANA, (1) V. int., de- 


paDongo, J or garden. 


crease; (2) adj., small. 


DoNGORERA, V., peep. 


narrow, deficient, easy. 


DoNiDZA,) V. tr., make 


young. 


DONISA, f wet, satu- 


BUDUKWANA, 71., di7n. of 


rate, make to drop, 


BUDUKU. 


sprinkle, bleed. 


DuKWANisA, V. tr., les- 


RiDoNJE, 71., raw cotton, 


sen, reduce, diminish. 


cotton yarn. 


iDuMBA, n., (1) drum ; (2) 


iDoNWE, n. (iDone), drop, 


temporary hut built 


raindrop. 


in the garden. 


mDonzo,) n., long walk- 
nDonzo,! ing staff. 


nDumbi, 77., fame. 


nendumbi, famous. 


iDoPE, w., mud, mortar. 


iDUMBU, 71. (iTUMBU) (1) 


clay for smearing. 


stomach ; (2) faggot of 


RiDoRA, ?i., large edible 


wood. 


grub found on trees in 


PANDUMBU PEZUBA 


winter. 


= north. 


iDoRE, r?., porcupine. 


mDumbu, 71., a man with a 


iDoRO, ??., beer. 


protuberant stomach. 


BATWA NEDORO, be 


iDUMBURUDZI, 71., clump 


drunk. 


of trees. 


nDoro, n., buttermilk. 


nDumb, 71., ox, bullock, 


tjinDoro, 72., button. 


bull (male of any ani- 


riDota, n. (iEota), ashes 


mal). 


(soap). 


Dun A, V. int., swear. 


HURA MADOTA, clear 


DUNGUMIDZA, V. tv.. 


away the ashes. 


make proud. 


K-DoTSB, 77., pea. 


ZWIDUNGUMIDZA, be 


gr-'}..,.eeD... 


conceited, proud. 
iDuNDULU, n , country 


RuDsKi, see ruDhli. 


without towns. 


RiDsKWi, 77., message. 


MUDUNGWE, ) 71., (1) flock, 

nDungwe,) herd, drove, 


maDu, 77. (maDo), nettle. 


nDubhye, 71., broth, gravy, 


troop ; (2) row or pro- 


soup of meat. 


cession of people, line 


RuDuBO, 7i., temper (good 


of march, flank or 


or bad). 


wing of an Impi. 


iDuDU, 71,, see iDunu. 


iDuNi, n. (iDuRi), stamp- 


T.TiDuDU, 71., smoking horn. 


ing block. 


tjinDudzi, n., moth, weevil. 


iDuNO, n. (iTuNO),^ a 


DUGWAN A, ^eeDUKWANA. 


slopingdown, a sloping 


DuHUMA, see Duruma. 


place. 



Dan 



( 277 ) 



Dza 



RiDuNU, n. (iTuNU), dis- 
tance, interval, the 
'* veldt." 
maDunu, n., especially 
open country, not 
wooded. 

FAMBA MADrXU OSB, 

roam about. 

IDUNU RA KA REBA = 

a gi-eat distance. 
iDuNUMABVu,) n., undu- 
RiDuNUMARA, J lation, 
rising, or elevation of 
the land. 
DuNUMARA, V. int.^ undu- 
late (of land). 
iDuNUNOUDZA, TO,, duuce, 

idiot (C/. INUNGO). 

iDuNZi, n., a fly, especi- 
ally wasp. 

iDuRA, n., corn bin. 

nDuramu, 71., (1) a charm ; 
(2) truth, straightness. 

GU TI DURAMO, 

straight. 
iDuRi, n.y stamping block. 

DuRUGA, V. int., be in a 
poured out state, un- 
laden. 

GU DURUGA MAKORI, 

the clouds unload 
themselves = rain 
at the commence- 
ment of the sum- 
mer, usually in 
big drops. 
DuRUMA, V, int. (Du- 

huma), canter. 
DuRURA, V. tr., pour out, 

draw out (as a liquid), 

make empty, put down 

a load, unload. 



DUSA, V. tr., draw out, 
take out, pull out, de- 
grade from office, 
produce, find out, dis- 
cover ; carry away, 
take away. 
DusiKA, V. tr., recom- 
pense. 
iDuTO, n., a pile, heap. 
maDuzi, 71., dung, faeces. 

iDuzu, 71., a blister. 
RuDuzwi, 71., beads. 

DUZWI romnaba = 
yellow beads. 
Dya, v. (DHLA),eat, feed, 
eat away as an ulcer, 
cost, confiscate. 

DYA MUNU, confis- 
cate property, 
cheat. 

DYA RIF. 
DYA MAFA, 

tjiDya, n., any kind of 
vessel, basin, jar, plate, 
cuP) J^^gj basket. 

Dyisa, v. (1) eat raven- 
ously or gluttonously; 
(2) give poison. 

Dza, see Edza. 

Dza, past tense form of 
pers. pron. Dzi, they. 
ouDzA, 71., dawn, early 

twilight. 
TjiDzA, II., see tjiDiila, 
thigh. 

DzABO, po88. pron.^ 
their ; see '* Notes." 

DzABUOA, r., see Tsa- 

BUGA. 

DzADZiRiRA, I'., see 

TSATSIRA. 

DZADZURA, i\<r., lift up. 

DzADZo, poss. pron.y 

their ; see " Notes." 



^J^; I inherit. 

iFA,) 



Bxa 



( 278 ) 



Dzi 



DzADZWO, poss, pron., 
their ; see " Notes." 

DzAKB, poss. pron., his, 
hers, its ; see " Notes." 

DzAKO, (1) adv. indeed, 
really ; (2) poss. ])ron., 
thy; see "Notes." 

DzAMA, V. int., hide one- 
self. 

DZAMNRA, v., (TsAMNRA), 

be discontented. 

DzANA, v., play, frolic, 
joke, dance. 

iDzANGARiDZiMU, 71., mir- 
age. 

BzASGV, poss.pron.,my ; 
see " Notes." 

iDzANGU, n. (riShango), 
shoe. 

DzANYiRA, V. tr., chop 
up, especially of meat. 

DZANYIDZIRA, V. tv. 

(Dzwanyidzira), 
squeeze, crowd around, 
compress, press. 
DzARA, v., see Zhara, 

ZWARA. 

DzARO, poss. pron., its, 

their; see "Notes." 
DzATJO, poss. pron, its; 

see " Notes." 
DzAwo, poss. pron., its, 

their; see "Notes." 
DzAYO, poss pron., its ; 

see " Notes." 
TJiDzAYO, n., a log, an 

earth stamper. 
DzEDU, poss. pron., our; 

see " Notes." 
DzEDZA, v., see Tedze- 

MUGA. 

iDzEGO, n., rasp. 



DZENGEDZA, V. 
TSENGEDZA. 



see 



buDzenye, n., see Tjenye. 

TJiDzERA, n., blaze, flame. 
iDzESE, n. (mJesb), a 

wood. 
Dzi, plur. prefix and 
pron., see "Notes," 
sometimes for zwi. 

RuDzi, 71., kind, variety, 
sort, class, species, 
breed, quality, rank, 
nation, tribe, family, 
relation. 

HuDzi,"^ 71., pumpkin, small, 

BuDzr, 3 wild variety. 

MuDzi, n., (1) root, fang of 
tooth, shoot of the 
pumpkin; (2) seed of 
the pumpkin, may be 
used of any seed, ber- 
ries, fruit. 
DziBA, V. (1) come to an 
end, terminate ; (2) 
stop, plug, stanch 
(blood), prevent ; (3) 
know, understand, be 
capable, experienced, 
confident ; (4) be good, 
kind, lenient, humane, 
merciful ; pity ; (5) 
dodge, fence, ward off, 
guard. 
DZiBAi nombe = turn 
the cattle. 

GuDziBA, 71., (1) knowledge, 
capability ; (2) depth, 
height; (3) kindness, 
compassion. 

RiDzTBA, f 71., pool in river 

MuDziBA, 1 bed. 

DziBHA, v., see Dzipiwa. 

maDzibha, 71., mucus, esp. 
from nostrils. 
DziBiDZA, v., see Dzi- 

BISA. 



Dzi 



( 279 ) 



Dzi 



DZIBIRA V. (DzIBA), (1) 

terminate for, stop (a 
road), shut (a fence); 

(2) defend, protest, 
shield; (3) be accus- 
tomed, do habitually. 

WA KA DZIBIRA OU 
SHUNYA PA MUSHA 

PANGU = he used 
to visit me. 
DziBiRinzA, V. tr. (Dzi- 
ba), help or cause to 
defend. 
TjiDziBiuo, 71., plug, stop- 
per, stump of stalk left 
on the pumpkin. 
DziBiDZA, j V. (Dziba) 
DziBisA, / (1) prevent, 
stop (act.), hinder, for- 
bid, wean; (2) know 
well, cause to know; 

(3) make accustomed 
to. 

DziBisiSA, V. tr. (Dziba), 
know well, make 
known, teach, recom- 
mend, explain. 
DziBisisERA, v., explain 
to, recommend to. 
RiiDziBO, ??., pity. 
MuDziBO, ( 71., see tjiDzi- 
TjiDziBO, } biro. 
KiDziBO,7i , end, boundary. 
PAMADZIBO, corner. 
DziBUNiJRA, V. tr., dis- 
cover. 
DziozA, w., (1) learn, 
Btudy ; (2) annoy, 
worry, molest, tor- 
ment, persecute, op- 
press. 
nDzidzi, 71., otter. 
DziDZKiA, V. int., be con- 
fused, worried. 



DziDZiMUGA, V. int.,st&rt 

in sleep. 
DziDZiRA, v., learn, 

study (a thing). 
DziDZisA, V. tr., teach, 

show, instruct. 
m(u)Dzidzisi, 71., a teacher, 

missionar3\ 
DziGA, V. int. (1) press, 

to exercise pressure ; 

(2) go deep, take root, 

stick in. 
DziGAMA, I', int., becalm, 

civil, brave, faithful. 
DziGATiDZA, see DziGA- 

TISA. 
DZIGATIRA, V. (DzIGA), 

disappear, be out of 
sight. 

Dzigatisa, v. tr. (DzlOA), 
screen from sight, hide. 

Dzigatirhvva, v. jyass. 
(Dzigatira), be ob- 
scured, eclipsed, hid- 
den. 

DZIGIDZIRA, V. (TSIOID- 

ziRA), cause to press 
on, press heavily on. 

DzioiDZAj'l V. tr. (Tsi- 

DziGiRA, / gira), press 
on, press up, hence 
support (as a pillar), 
bear. 

DziGiRiRA, V. int. (Tsi- 
girira), press on, press 
down on, keep down 
to. 

DziGWA, 7?., be hot. 

DziMA, v., put out, go out 
of fire, or light. 

DziMBA, 7\,(1) pain, ache, 
throb, smart; (2) be 
downcast, dejected, 
contrite. 



Dzi 



( 280 ) 



Dzo 



GuDziMBA, n., pain. 


maDzinini, n., gums of the 


iDziMBA,^ 71., place, lo- 
nDzimba,/ cality. 


teeth. 


DziPA, V. tr., squeeze, 


IDZIMB ADZOSE, 


press, throttle, stifle, 


everywhere. 


suffocate, choke, stick 


DZIMBIDZA, V. tr. (DZIM- 


in the throat. 


ba) ; (1) cause to ache, 


Dziviw A,pass. of DziPA. 


makepaiuful; (2)cause 


DziPUKA. V. tr., pull up 


to swell, inflate. 


weeds with the hand. 


DziMBiGWA, 1 V. int. 


Dzira, v. (Dzidza), (1) 


DZIMBIGHWA, (DzIMBA) 


be troubled, annoyed, 


DziMBiRUWA,) be pain- 


sorry, to show these 


ful, swollen, distended. 


emotions in facial ex- 


inflated, constipated. 


pression ; (2) smear 


TjiDziMBO, n.j sore, disease. 


(the floor), daub. 


complaint, swelling. 


DziRiKO, n., see ruGwi- 


NEDZIMBO, painful. 


RIKO. 


RiDziME, n. (iTsime), 


DziRiRA,t7.(l) be troubled 


spring of water, a 


for, sorry for; (2) smear 


well. 


the floor for, daub for. 


DziMiGWAjl V.J be lost, 
DziMiRA, / wander off. 


stop up for, stuff up for. 


maDziro, n,, eaves of a 


stray. 


house, borders of a 


DziMisiSA, V. tr. (Dzi- 


country. 


ma). blow out (as a 


DziSA, V. tr. (DziYA), 


light). 


make hot, cause to 


MuDziMO, n. (pi. baDzimo, 


perspire. 


maDzimo), spirits of 


kaDzishaba, n., red ant. 


the dead, "shades "of 


maDziti, n., Amandebele. 


the dead. 


DziTiGA, V. int., jump. 


NEMDZiMO, good for- 


RiDziTO, n., soot. 


tune. 


DziYA, V. int., be hot, 


BURAIWA MUDZIMO, 


warm, close, sultry. 


killed by accident. 


maDziya, n., warm, sultry 


DziNDiRA, V. tr., over- 


weather. 


come, heat. 


RiDziYA, n., perspiration. 


DziNGA, V. tr., drive 


DzKWA, see Dya, eat. 


away, turn out, cast 


DZKWA MABURA, 


out, dismiss, disown. 


gripe. 


maDzinga, n., a large gun, 


DzOBA, V. int., growl. 


a cannon. 


grunt, bellow, belch, 


RuDziNGA, n. (ruTjinoa), 


flatulence. 


raw cotton, fibre. 


DzoBBSKWA, V. pass., be 


thread, sewing cotton. 


made to grunt, growl. 



Dzo 



( 281 ) 



Dzw 



DzoGA, V. int., go back, 


DzuKU, adj. (tsuku), red. 


come back, return, re- 


DzuNGA, V. int., be loose, 


lapse, repent, repeat. 


as a post in the ground, 


madzoga! form of 


or a tooth in the jaw. 


cong:ratulation on 


DzuNGADZUNGA, V., re- 


a safe return. 


duplicated emphatic 


Dzoc^ERA, V. iiit., come 


form of DzuNGA. 


back to, go back to. 


iDzuNGU, n. (dzunga\ (1) 


DzooiSA, y.^r., sent back. 


giddiness, epilepsy ; 


DZOKVVADI,!^ ,„ . „, 


(2) ground nuts. 


DZUNGUDZA, V. tr. (DZU- 


DzoNA, conj., if. 


NGA), shake (head). 


DzoNGA, v., (L) disturb 


DzuNOURUGA, V. int., 


water, defiling it by- 


spring back, as a bent 


stirring up dirt ; (2) 


spring, rebound. 


commit sin. 


iDzuNGURURU, n , see 


DzoKA, v.tr. (Dzoga), (1) 


IDZUNGU. 


cause to return, drive 


DZUNUNGUGA, v., See 


back, hinder, stop. 


SUNUNGUGA. 


control, turn; (2) mark 


DzuRA, V. tr. (1) pull up 


face with clay (Tjo- 


or out, weed, pluck a 


RA) ; (3) reduce, short- 


fowl ; (2) bruise, crush. 


en. 


stamp corn ; (3) smear 


DzosA, V. fr., bring, give, 


floor, smooth e (paint) ; 


or turn back, control. 


(4) bore through. 


DZ08A MOYO, cheer, 


DZURA NE8UK0, 


comfort. 


whitewash. 


DzosERA, v., bring, give, 


DZURURA, V. tr. (DZURA), 


or send back to, or for. 


make a floor, smear a 


DZOSERA PANG A, 


floor. 


close a clasp knife. 


IDZUTSE, w. (i-setje), 


DzosE, adj., see Osb. 


gravel, sandy soil. 


RiDz<»TO, 71, (iJotg), arm- 


TjiDzwA, w., leg, thigh. 


let. 


IDZWADZWADZWA, 71., 


DzuDZA, v., see Dzura. 


tarantula, se^. 


DzuDZURA, r., redupli- 


I-TSWATSWATSWA. 


cated emphatic form 


MuDzwAiRo, n., see m-Tsa- 


of DzuRA, q.v,^ smear, 


WAILO. 


paint 


DzwANYiDZiRA, V., See 


DzuoA, V. int., glow as 


DZANYIDZIRA. 


hot iron. 


DZWARA, V. tr. (zwara), 


DZITOANYIOA,)©., 

DzuGUNYiGAj struggle, 


sow (need). 


DZWBDBMUGA, V, int.. 


stagger. 


see Tbdzbmuqa, slide. 



Diw 



( 282 ) 



Enz 



nDzwidzi, ?i., otter. 
RiDzwiYO, n., convulsion, 
fainting fit. 



B 

Edu, (1) pron. suff., see 
*' Notes"; (2) poss. 
pron., our. 

Edza, v. (Idza), (1) Be 
even with ; (2) at- 
tempt, dare, endea- 
vour; (3) dawn, be 
clear (of the sky). 

Edzana, v. int., be even. 

Edzanisa, v. tr., make 
even, measure, com- 
pare, contrast, regu- 
late, accommodate, 
adapt. 
tj(i)Edzaniso, n.,a measure. 

Edzegwa, ) v.int. ,w&ue 

Edzerhwa, I (of moon). 
tj(i)Edzera, n., (Edza) 
flame, blaze, fire. 

Edzesera, v. tr. (Edza), 
imitate, mimic. 
muEdzi, n. moon, month. 
The form mnwedzi, for 
the plural also (for 
Mi-EDZi), taking a 
phir. pron., mnwedzi 
YANGU=my months. 

Edziya, pron. emph. 
(DZi), those yonder. 

Edzo, pred. pron., there 
they are ; see " Notes." 

Ego, pred. pron., here it 
is ! There it is ! 

Egoouya, adv., there, 
over there. 



Ehukwi, adv., see under 
Ko, there, yonder. 
guEmbe, [n., scurvy, or 
buEmbe, ) bran sickness in 
goats or sheep. 

Ejo, for Edzo, q.v. Loze 
dialect. 

Embera, v. tr., feed 
cattle (=herd). 

Eme, pron. emph., for 
Imi, q.v. 

Enda, v. int. (Inda), 
(indicates motion), go, 
walk, march, travel, 
drift, crawl, creep. 

ENDA ZWA KA NAKA, 

good-bye ! 

ENDA SHURE, gO 

backwards. 
GuEnda, n., manner, habit, 
custom, journey. 
Endera, v. int., go for 
pleasure, go for a walk. 
Endisa, v. tr., send 
away, go fast, help to 
go, make to go. 

endisa zwa ka 

NAKA, bless. 

Enduriga, v. tr., hit a 

thing moving, as a 

bird on the wing. 

muEne, n. (mnwene), owner, 

head man, friend. 

tjiEnga, \n. (tjiyenga) 

ruEnga, j potsherd, crock. 

muEnje, n. (mnwenje), 

firebrand, lamp. 

tj(i)Enya, n., cruelty. 

Enyu, poss. jyron., your ; 

see " Notes." 
Enzana, v. int. (Edza), 

be equal. 
Enzanisa, v. tr., see 
Edzanisa. 



Enz 



( 283 ) 



Fam 



Enzera, V.J see Ezera. 

Epuga, r. int., rebound, 
spring back. 

Era, v., see Ira. 

Ere, 2;i/er;.,indeed, truly. 
miEre, n. (Mnwerb), bat. 
maEregwetsa, 71., dawn. 

Erekana, v. int. (kara- 
kana), consider, re- 
member. 

Erera, v., (1) flow (of 
water), spring, bubble 
up, run over ; (2) sink, 
dive (into water). 
tj(i)Erero, n., balance. 

Eri (1) pron. emph. (ri) 
it; (2) pron. pred., 
here it is. 
tj(i)Ero, 71. (tjiBanda), a 
ghost. 

EsiKU, see Siku. 

Etjiya, pro7i. emph. 
(tji), that yonder, re- 
mote from speaker and 
hearer. 

Etsura, v., see Hotsira, 
sneeze. 

EwE, pron. emph., for 
I we, q.v. 
guEya, adv., see Ya, there, 
on one side. 

Eya, pron. emph. (i), 
that yonder. 
muEya,7i. (Mnweya), wind, 
air, breath, flatulence; 
temper, soul. 

Eye, pred. pron. (i), 
here it is; see " Notes." 

EzAHi, adv., see Si. 

Ezera, v. int., lie down. 
ezera hope, doze, 
sleep. 

Ezbrlsa, r. tr., lull to 
sleep. 



EzoGE, inter j. adv., just 

so. 
EzwiYA, pron. emph. 

(zwi), those j-onder, 

remote from speaker 

and hearer. 



Fa, v. int., die, perish, 
swoon, faint, despair, 
be sick, numb, down- 
cast ; wane (of moon). 
guFa,|?i., death, disease, 
ruFa,/ danger. 
riFa, n. inheritance, es- 
tate of a deceased i)er- 
son. 
Fadza, v. tr. (Far a), en- 
large. 
tjiFafa, ) w., epileptic fit 
tjiFaifai, J epilepsy. 
Fala, v., see Fara. 
Famba, v. int., go, march, 
crawl, travel, walk. 
(Famba refers more es- 
pecially to the act of 
moving, Enda to the 
change of place.) 

go 
for 
tor 
walk, prowl about. 
famba zwa ka 
NAKA, good-bye ! 
GUFamba, w., manner, habit, 
custom. 
mFambi, n., a traveller. 
Fambidza, see Fambisa. 
Fambidzana, v., go to- 
gether, help each other, 
agree, be friendly. 



lange oi piace.; 
fambafamba,) 
famba anzu, j 
pleasure, lo 



Fam ( 2i 


U ) Fim 


Fambira, v,y go for a 


Fefeta, v. tr., snuff up, 


walk. 


as from palm of hand. 


Fambisa, v., go quicklj', 


mFefi, 71. (Fbfa), a de- 


make or help to go, 


ceiver. 


accelerate. 


mFehle, n., small snuff 


Fana, V.J resemble. 


box. 


Fanana, v. int., be alike. 


Fema, v. int., breathe 


Fananidza, v. tr., make 


(out), blow with mouth, 


alike, compare. 


sigh, sniff. 


mFanegiso, n., a likeness, 


quFema, n., breath. 


picture, image. 


Fembera, v. tr., foretell. 


Fanga, v., see Vanga. 


Femedza, v. tr., sniff 


Fanidza, v., see Fanisa. 


vigorously, breathe 


Fanira, v. en^.(FANA), be 


short, blow hard with 


fit, proper, suitable, 


mouth, pant, scent (as 


convenient, worthy ; 


dogs). 


deserve. 


mFemero, \ n., breath 

mFeMO, ) (soul, ^vxrj). 


Fanisa, v. tr., make 


alike, liken. 


ITA MAFEMO = sigh. 


tjiFaniso, n., picture. 


Fengera, V. int., be 


image. 


headstrong; cf. iBen- 


Fanza, v. int. (Fazha), 


GO. 


sputter (as boiling 


iFere, n., pumpkin. 


water), bubble. 


riFereme, n., a coura- 


Fara, v. int. (Fala), (1) 


geous person. 


beslow, tedious; linger. 


riFerere, n., adulterer. 


saunter, loiter, put off. 


Feta, v. tr., comb. 


tarry, be at ease. 


iFeto, n., a comb. 


^appy; (2) melt, dis- 


FiDZA, V. tr. (Fa), ter- 


solve; (3) be broad. 


minate. 


wide. 


Figa, v., .see Swiga. Met 


GuFara, n., width, joy. 


with in Northern Ma- 


Faraigwa, v., saunter, 


shonaland. 


linger. 


mFigo, n., bolt, bar. 


Fazaila, 1 


FiGWA, V. pass, of Fa. 


Fazha, J- v., see 


WA KA FIGWA NO 


Fazhaila, J Fanza. 


MRUMi = she is a 


Fe, in the phrase Mu- 


widow; lit. she is 


TJIFUBA MANGU MU NO 


dead (note the 


ITA FE=it thrills my 


pass.) with (or for) 


breast = I am very glad. 


the husband. 


Fbfa, v. tr., deceive. 


MuFiGWE, n. (Fa), widow. 


Fbfenvura, v. tr., draw 


mFimbe, n., hole in the 


out fibres. 


ground, corn-pit. 



Fin 



( 285 ) 



Pum 



HLA, ) 
SHGA, > 
VA, ) 



, tobacco, 
snuff. 



FiNYAMA, V. int.j look 

stern, frown. 
nFiNYI, 71., list. 
FiNYUGA, V. inf.^ be in a 

sprained state. 
FiKYURA, V. tr., sprain. 
FiRA, r. (Pfira, Fa), die 

at or in (a place), die 

on (a day). 

WA KA FIRA MUMBA 

= he died in the 
hut. 
FiRiPARA, V. int., be ob- 
scured. 
FiYUOA, see Finyuoa. 
FiYURA, see Finyura. 

iFODHLA, 

iFODSHGA, 

iFODY 

mFonyogwa, n. (iPfon- 

YEGWA), B. L. gun. 

FoNYORA, V. tr., close, 
shut (as a knife). 

FosHOfiA, )r. m^., flow 

FosHOGERA, f in (as rain- 
water by the door) ; 
flow out, gush, 
spout. 
iFuBA, r?., a game played 
with stones in rows 
of holes. 
TjiFrBA, 71., breast, chest, 
bosom. 

FuDiGA, V. tr.y cover up. 
ruDiOA HARi= cover 
a pot. 

FuDiGiRA, r., cover up 
with. 

FiTDiTouRA, V. tr., un- 
cover, expose, open as 
a book. 

FuDSHorRA, r., uncover. 

FUDSHGURA MESO, 

■tare at 



FUDZA, V. tr., herd 

cattle. 
mFudzi, 71., dung, old, dry 

and tramped. 
RiFuDZi, 7?., shoulder. 
maFufu, 71., chaff of corn or 

mealies, bran, dregs or 

grains of beer. 
FuFUDZA, v., see Pfusa, 

blow. 
RiFuPUROWB, 7?., a stone 

used in the braying of 

skins. 
FuGA, V. int., be clad (in 

a blanket). 
FuGUDZA, V. tr., obscure, 

hide. 
FuGADZiRHWA, V., be 

obscured. 
FuGAiRA, )v. fr., fillin 
FuGANYiRA,/ the earth 

into a hole, cover seeds 

in the ground. 

FUGATIRA, V. (FURA- 

tira), (1) turn the back 
on ; (2) see Fungatira. 

FUGATIRA MEPO = 

turn the back on 
the wind. 
FuGiDZA,7;.,cover (seeds), 

cover (eyes), fill in the 

earth as in fixing 

stakes. 
FuGiDZiRA, v., cover for, 

sit on (eggs, as a 

hen). 
FuGiTNURA,>t>., uncover, 
FuGURA, |exposp,open 

or dig a hole, unveil. 
mFitli, n. (mVitri), shade. 
FiiMA, v., thrive, grow 

rich. 
FuMBA, V. tr., smother, 

suffocate. 



Fum ( 286 ) Fus 


FumbamSwe, adj., nine, 


as a swelling of any 


9 ( = smother one; i.e. 


kind. 


one of ten). 


FuNUGURA,! v., see Fu- 

FUNURA, j GURA. 


FrMBATA, v., enclose in 


the hand, shut the 


FuNWA, v.pass. of FUMA. 


hand, make the fist. 


FuNYA, v., sit cross- 


MFuMBi,7i.,(l)fist; (2) the 


legged. 


lot. 


mFunyugwa, n. (iPfon- 


ITA MFUMBi= cause 


yegwa), gun. 


to guess, cast lots. 


FuNYURA, v., see Fon- 


mFumbo, w., edge (of a 


YORA. 


vessel). 


Fupi, adj., brief, short. 


Fumbu, adj., yellow. 


MuFuPiFUPi, n., dwarf. 


Fumbunyura, v., see 


FuPATA, V. tr., turn the 


VUMBUNYURA. 


back on. 


mFumiua, n., variety of 


FURA, v., (1) go out to 


mimosa. 


grass, of cattle ; (2) .see 


maFumo, ) n., things, riches, 
MRuFuMO, f possessions, wr- 


Pfura ; (3) shoot with 


bow and arrows. 


ges, baggage. 


FuRANA, v., take out 


WA KA ITISA MRU- 


(dust from the eye). 


FUMO = he blesses 


FuRATiRA, V. tr. (Teb.), 


us. 


turn the back on. 


FuMPU, adj. (Mfumpu), 


ruFure, in the phrase 


green. 


RUFURE ME-MNWE = at 


FuNDA, v., see Pfunda. 


sunset. 


FUNDEVULA, V. tv., SpOUt 


iFuRERE, n. (iFuRU), cat- 


out, syringe. 


aract, waterfall. 


RiFuNDO, n., water-rat. 


RiFuRiDZO, n., bladder. 


FuNGA, v., see Pfunga. 


FuRiRA, see Pfurira, 


miFunga, 71., crumbs. 


Pfirira. 


mFungahuri, w., night- 


iFuRO, 71., see iPfuro. 


adder. 


L^f;;^^;}».p-t"-- 


FUNGATIRA, V. (FUGA- 


tira), embrace, caress. 


iFuRU, n., cataract, water- 


FuNGiDZA, V. tr., wish. 


fall. 


desire. 


TjiFuRU,ln., properly the 

RiFuRU, 1 spider, but used 

also of the cobweb, and 


TJlFUNIGO,\^ ^;^/'/^#o ,^/^+^ 

TjiFuNiRo;j^-'^^^(°^«'P^*)- 


FuNSA, v., see Bvunza. 


the scum on standing 


maFunse, n., see ma-Pfuse. 


water. 


FuNUGiRA, v., cover a 


FuRURA, V. (Fura), put 


pot. 


forth flowers. 


FuNUGA, V. int., subside, 


RuFusE, n., see ruPfuse. 



Fas 



( 287 ) 



Gan 



FuSHiRA, ) v., cover in a 
FusiRA, j" grave, fill up 

a hole. 
FusnuNURA, v.y unload. 
TjiFuso, n. (tjiPfuto), 

weevil. 
maFuta, n., fat, grease, 
oil. 
mFita,) Ji., castor-oil 
mFuti, / tree. 

FuTA, V , ferment. 
mFuto, n. (mPfuto), bel- 
lows. 
FuwA, v., see Pfuwa. 



G 

iGaba, n. (iGava), silver 

jackal. 
Gabira, v., make holes 
in which to sow seed, 
hence to sow seeds. 
riGabiri, n., calabash, a 
vegetable like the 
marrow. 
iGadhlampu, n., liga- 
ment. 
riGadi, n. (ouAti), bark 
of a tree. 
Gadza, v. tr. (Gara), 
cause or help to sit, 
stay, dwell, appoint. 
OADZA MOYO, v., de- 
pend on, have con- 
fidence in, trust 
on, or in. 

OADZIOA MOYO, U., 

be anxious. 
Gadzioira, v. (Gadza), 
bo place I for. 

NDIRO I NO QADZI- 
OIRA MVURA-the 



bowl is put to 
catch the rain. 
Gadzira, v. tr., put in 
order, trim, repair, re- 
form, adjust, improve, 
clear away (dirt), dis- 
entangle, get ready. 
Gadzigaxa, v., be full 
(of the moon). 
tjiGadziko, n., bottom of a 
vessel. 
nGadzu, n. (Gaju), per- 
cussion cap. 
buGalu, n. (Garo), space, 
place, a station. 
iGama, 71., cruelty. 

KEGAMA, cruel. 
Gambayira, r., see 

Gwambayira. 
iGambinga, n., crocodile. 
Gamtjira, \t'. tr., re- 
Gamutjira,/ ceive, hold 

out hand for. 
Gan an ana, v., be clear 
(of the sky). 
riGanda,! n., a skin, hide, 
ruGandaJ scab, scum, 
peeling, rind. 
GANDA rezai, egg- 
shell. 
mGando. n., scent of game. 

riGangwe, m., pool, lake, 

dam. 
MuGANU,n., boundary, limit, 

frontier, end, brink, 

division between two 

(gardens). 
Ganyira, v.y see Kan- 

YIKA. 

riGanyu, n., sinew, tendon, 
ligament, thread, fibre 
of a sinew. 



Gap 



( 238 ) 



Gob 



riGapa, n., bucket. 
riGapara, n., fibre. 

Gapura, v., beat cruelly. 

Gara, v. ipf. Gere), (1) 

sit, stay at a place, 

wait, dwell, endure ; 

(2) govern, rule, reign ; 

(3) prosper, be happy ; 

(4) change (of the 
moon). 

gara naka, inherit. 

MOYO WANGU U NO 

gara, my heart 

is happy. 

iGara, n., blind worm. 

huGara, In. (buGalu), lo- 

buGara,/ cality, a place, 

a space. 
tjiGara, n., an interval, 

space, distance. 
GuGARAj'In., condition, 
huGara, /manner, custom, 
habit. 
iGarafa, n. (Dutch), a 

tin of powder. 
Garana, v., settle a 
quarrel, agree together. 
ruGare, n., kingdom. 
riGarhwe, n., crocodile. 
Garidza, v. tr. (Gara), 
cause to wait, make to 
sit, make happy, bless. 
garidza ! = that's 
true! 
guGariga, n. (Gara), king- 
dom. 
Garigana, ^., be well 
governed, be contented. 
Garira, v., sit for, wait 
for. 
mGariro, n., custom, prac- 
tice, character. 
Garisa, v. tr., see Gar- 
idza. 



Gariskwa, pass, of Gar- 
idza. 
tjiGaro, n., a seat, stool 

(chair). 
riGaro, 7i., bottom of a 
vessel. 

PAGARO = at the 
bottom. 
mGaro, n., end of a stick. 
buGaro, n., see buGara. 

iGaru, n., gun-stock. 
muGaru, n., gun-cock. 
Gasa, v. {also Gaswa), 
rain a little, drink a 
little, pour a little, lap, 
partly fill a vessel. 
riGashu, skin, thong, rein, 
strap, in plur. reins. 
iGaswa, n., a part, a half. 
ita gaswa, half fill 
a vessel. 
iGatawu, n., sparrow (?) 
iGati, n., large pot. 
riGawa, n., pond, lake, 

dam. 
tjiGawa, n., digging stick. 
Gava, v. tr., load (a gun). 
iGava, n. (iGaba), silver 

jackal. 
nGavi, 71., hawk. 

„-p.^'|n., red, white- 

miGr, n., a quarrel, dis- 
turbance. 

ita mige = raise a 
quarrel. 
Go, adv., never. 
RiGo, n., hornet, wasp. 
RuGo, n., spoon. 

GOBA, v., distribute. 
mGoba, n., sloping ground. 
iGoBA, n., a flat surface. 
nGobb, n., see Nqobe. 



Oob 



Oon 



GoBEKA, v., allot, dis- 
tribute to, or for. 

GOBEREKA, V. (GOBA), 

dedicate, distribute on 
behalf of (another). 
muGobeki, n. (nGobb), 

hunter. 
tjiGobero, w., a share. 
RiGoBi, n. (iGiTBi), pond, 

vley. 
nCtObo, ?t., see Nqobo. 
nGobono, 7j., cock of a 

gun. 
nGobora, n., a crook, a 
hooked stick. 
Gob V 17, adj., thick, 

strong, stout. 
iGoDO, 11., cruelty, un- 
kindness. 
NE(;oi>o, cruel, sav- 
age, merciless. 
RuGoDZi, 71., strip of bark, 
for tying purposes. 
iGoDZi, n. (iGosi), back 

of the head, occiput. 
GoDZiuA, r., doze, sleep, 

be sleepy. 
Gk)FA, v., poke, thrust 
Go(iA, adj., see Koga. 
GrOGODZA, v., see Gudza. 
RiGoooRA, n., ankle, elbow. 
iGour, n., fame. 

NEfJOHU, famous. 
GojA, see Gotja, Otja. 
maGoko, n., scraps. 
GoKOTA, V. tr., scrape. 
xGoMA, 71., (1) drum ; (2) 
koodoo. 
tjinGoma, /I., a little drum ; 
hence from its shape 
the hub or nave of a 
wheel. 
nGomanyoni, w., pauw, or 
wild turkey. 



riGomba, n. (c/. iHomba), 

(1) hole in the ground, 
pit, mine, corn hole, 
ant-bear's hole ; (2) 
the earth. 

MuGoMBB, /i., a ladle used 
for drawing water. 

RUGOMHE, n., spring of a 
trap for birds ; also the 
trap itself composed of 
small twigs and string. 

MuGoMHBLELO, 71., eaves of 
a house. 
iGoMiiO, 7i., (1) space 
cleared for a garden ; 

(2) navel, see iGuvu. 
GoMBDZA, \ ??. ^7'., cause 
GoMEDZERA,/ to groan 

or grunt, strain in 

dysentery. 
GoMBRA, v., strain, as 

in dysentery, moan, 

groan. 
nGomha, 7i. (nGoSwa), 

barren female (woman 

or animal). 
nGomnwanvoni, 71., pauw, 

or wild turkey. 
1G0.MO, n., (1) mountain, 

hill ; (2) strong place, 

refuge, fort, 
TjiGoMO, «. (dm.), little hill, 

mound. 
GoNA, r., see Kona. 
R1G0NANO.MBB, 71., a smok- 

ing-horn, a powdei^ 

horn. 
nGonda, «., lung sickness. 
MuGoNDE, 71., bead girdle. 
iGoNDo, 71., eagle, or hawk. 
nGonix)HHE, 1 71., male of 
nGondohhyf:, /sheep, ram 

or wether. Proi)erly a 

castrated male sheep. 



Oon 



( 290 ) 



Gtid 



rat. 



kaGondomas^vino, ??., spar- 
row hawk. 
TJiGoNDORO, 11., goat ram. 
iGoNB, ;?., maize cob, leafy 

sheath of the cob. 
iGoxi, n., board, plank, 
box. 
RiGoNJE, n., dry stalk (corn 
or maize). 
iGONO, w., bullock. 
kGoxwa, n. (nGomha), 
barren female (human 
or animal), used also 
for a sterile male. 
GONYA, V. int., draw up 
limbs, sit cross-legged. 
TJiGoNYOji ??., stalk of the 
mGonyo,/ pumpkin. 
GoNYODZA, v., tease. 

TJlGONZO,\ 
RlGONZO,/''-' 

GooDZA, v., rap, knock. 
inGoo, see iNgobo. 
RiGoRA, n., vulture. 

iGoRE, n. (iKore), goat 
kraal. 

RUGORONGA,"! 

mGoronga, v.seeKoRONGA. 

iGORONGA,; 

RiGoROR A, n., a cattle thief. 
GosHA, adj. (Kosha), 

hard, difficult. 
iGosnoRO, n., see iKos- 

HORO. 

iGosi, n., back of the head. 
maGota, n., councillor. 
RiGoTA, 71., boy's hut. 
mGotgwe, n., youngest 
born of a family, 
youngest brother. 
MGoTi,\n., stick for stir- 
r,jri] 



iMrG<>Ti,jring the porridge. 

GOTJA, 
GOTSA, ' "' 



^^''^•^^'ji;.,.eeOTJA. 



GoTRBGA, v., see Otjega. 
iGoTSE, n., see Godzi. 
RuGoTSi, w., see ruGodzi. 
GozA, v., be ready, or 
quick to do a thing. 
RiGozHO, n., rat. 
nGozi, n., accident. 
Gr, (1) P^^^' P^'on., ace. 
thee; (2) pers. pron. 
used for all classes of 
nouns = it; (3) sign of 
the infinitive and noun 
prefix; (4) prep., to, 
by, from, at. 
nGuane, n., hat, cap. 

GuBA, v., smear the body. 
RiGuBA, 71., (1) husk, bran; 
(2) grave. 
GiiBA, prep., because, for, 

since. 
GuBEXU, adv., now, soon. 
nGubhye, 71., rock rabbit. 
RiGuBi, 71. (iSoBi), pond, 

lake. 
nGubo, 71., blanket, rug. 
GuBUNURA, v., skim. 
GuBURA, V. int., change 
coats (of an animal), 
moult. 
GuDENGA, see Denga. 
GUDENU, coTy., if (c/. 

GUBENU). 

GuDiBA, ')v. tr., cover 
GlTDiBARA, > up, turn up- 
GUDIMIRA, ) side down. 
iGuDU, n., baboon. 
GuDUMA, v., roar, re- 
sound. 
GuDULA, v., nod the 

head consenting. 
GuDZA, v., knock, tap (at 
a door). 
RiGunzA, 91., stump (of a 
tree). 



6ad 



( 291 ) 



Gur 



TjiGuDZA, ?t., shed, shelter. 
GuDZONDA, 17., squash, 

mash. 
GuGi'DZA, v., see Gudza. 
GuGA, v. int., come out, 
come off, come loose. 
RiGuGiTTA, n., skin, hide. 
GuGUTU, adj.j hard, diflfi- 
cult, stiff. 

MESO A GUGUTU, 

avaricious. 

MOYO U GUGUTU, 

hard in temper, 
heart or belief, un- 
kind, unfeeling. 
RuGuGWE, 71., mat. 

GuGWEYA, see Gweya. 
GuHUMBiWA,"! v.m^., fall, 
GuHUffWA, J stumble. 
GuHWA, V. int., speak 
falsely. 
RiGuHWA, n., a lie, a false 
charge. 
NEMAGUHWAjtell lies. 
Gujo, see Jo. 
GuKA, v., be contented. 
RiGuLUKULU, 71., windpipe. 
KiGuLULU, n., pigeon (large 

variety). 
nGulutu, n.,klipspringer. 
GuMA, V. int., terminate. 
GuMANA Gu, see Mana. 
GuMARA, see Koma. 
RiGrMHic.vMBi, n., eaves of 

a house, verandah. 
RiGuMBO,\n., foot. hoof. 
mGumik),/ paw, leg ana 
foot, a footmark. 

NEMAGUMIK), OU foOt. 
RATA .MCiUMBO, \ 
TIZI8A MGUMBOj 

marry. 
iGuMiK), n., sack made of 
bark. 



GuMBUJWA, 1 v., see 

L'MBUUHWA, j 



KUMBU- 



Gu] 

GWA. 

GuMi, adj., ten. 
GuMiNA, v., hobble along, 

go lame. 
GuMiRi GU, see Miri. 
GumSwa, I'., .see Gunwa. 
MuGuMO, 7i., limit. 
Gumsoro, see Msoro. 
GuMUGWA,«eeKuM ug wa. 
GuxA (ju, pt^ep. (Gu), to, 
from, by, at. Guna 
(also GuNE and GuNO) 
is the form used before 
demon, and conj. pro- 
nouns. 
TjiGuNDA, n., owl. 
RuGuNDE, n., herd. 
nGundu, n., crest, head 

ornament. 
RiGuNGUBO, n., crow. 
RiGuxGUTSA, n., freshly- 
burnt grass land. 
RiGuNGUwo, n., see Gu- 

NGUBO. 

RiGuNJE, Ji., see riGoxje. 
Gunwa,\(Kunwa), v., 
GuSwA,/ stumble. 
GuNO, adv. (No), on this 

side. 
GuNOKO, adv., on that 

side. 
GuxYA, see Kwinya. 
GuNYASi, .see Nyasi. 

nGuo, n., see nGubo. 
iGuPO, n., girl's skin 
apron. 
GuRA, r. tr. (Ngura), 

(1) cut, chop in two ; 

(2) take out, extract; 

(3) decay. 



Gur 



( 292 ) 



Gwa 



nGura, iu, rust. 
tjiGl'RA, «. (TJiGuRU),head 

ornament. 
BUGURA, \ n., the bark (of 
iiuGuRA, j dogs). 
tjinGl'RE, h., a patch for a 
garment. 
GiJRBFU, see Refu. 
iGiJRi,! ^ maize cob. 

TJlGURI,/ ' , 

iGuRiNWA, n., maize cob. 
iGuRU, n., large intestine, 
paunch. 

u NEGURU=a glut- 
ton. 
TjiGuRU, n. (tjigura), head 
ornament. 
iGuRUBA, n., dust, see 

iHURUBA. 

nGurube, w., pig. 
KiGuRUGURU, w., larynx, 
windpipe. 
iGuRUPiTi, n., ant-bear. 
GusA, i;., see Kusha. 
GusHUMiiRA, V. tr., drive 

away. 
GusHiJRA, f., cut ott, cut 

across. 
GusHURE, see Shurb. 



Gut A, v., 



be satisfied 



(with food), happy. 
iGuTA, n. (1) plenty, 
abundance. Used gen- 
erally in the plural 
and of food; (2) custom. 
RuGuTA, n., fence. 
mtjGuta, n., .see mKutu. 
MiGuTAGUTA, w., eaves of 
a house. 
GuTi, cory., adv.^ that, 

when. 
iGuTi, w., heavy rain. 

MUGUTi, in the rain, 
and " in the mud." 



MuGuTi, n., cliff. 

GUTISAjiv. tr. (GUTA), 

Guts A, J satisfy, make 
happy, exalt. 
TjiGuTSA, w., pole, post, 
beam. 
GuTSONDA, v., see Gudzo- 

NDA. 

nGutu, w., " biltong." 
GuTUNURA, V. tr., strip 

naked. 
iGuvu, w., umbilicus, 
navel, umbilical her- 
nia. 
GuYA, .see Gweya. 
RiGuYO, n., .see Gwiyo. 
mGuyo, 71., see mKuyu. 
GuzASi, see Zasi. 
GuzHE, .vee Zhe. 
Gwa, (1) V. tr., fight, 
attack, resist, quarrel, 
disagree ; (2) pers. 
pron., past tense form 
for GU. 
buGwa,\ 

HUGWA,j'^-'P"^" 

iGwa, 71. (cf. Ato), canoe, 
boat. 

GwABO, (1) i^os«. pron. 
their; (2) conj. pron. 
to them, i.e. to their 
home, his home. 

iGwADA, n., dry dung, 
droppings. 

iGwADi, n., bark, plank, 

see guAti. 
GwADZA, v., pain, ache, 
kill by sickness, numb- 
ness = be ill, numb. 

MOYO U no GWADZA , 

be dejected, dis- 
pirited, repentant, 
disgusted with 
one's food. 



Gwa 



( 293 ) 



Owa 



GuGwADZA, ) n., pain, fe- 
BuGwADZi, > ver,coldin 
TjiGwADZi, ) head; gen- 
ally disease. 
GwADZiSA, V. tr., greet. 
GwADZiWA, r., form of 

salutation. 
GwADZiwiRA, V. tr., ache 
for, be sick for {i.e. 
have a strong desire 
for). 

MOYO WANCfU U NO 

GWADZIWIRA NYA- 

MA = I long for 

meat. 

GwADZiYA, V. int., melt. 

GwADZo, po.ss. pron., 

their ; see " Notes." 
GwAGUOA, see Aguga. 
GwAGUGWA, see Agu- 

GWA. 

RiGwAi,??.(RiHwAi),sheep. 

Gwa I, adj., good-natur- 
ed, pleasant, chaste. 
RiGwAiVK, w., chameleon. 

GwAKARE, orff., continu- 
ally, again and again. 

GwAKB, poss. pron., his, 
hens, its; see "Notes." 

QwAKO, poss. pron., thy ; 
see " Notes.*' 



RuGwAKU,! w., spoon, ladle, 
per. 



mGwaih',/ calabash-dip- 



GwAMA, v., be near, close 
to, in contact. 

GwAMATiRA, V. tr., em- 
brace, encircle. 

GwAMBA, V. int., he 
jelly-like. 

OWAMBAYIRA, V. (KWA- 

bariga), cringe, crawl, 
creep, go on hands and 
knees. 



GwAMiDZA, 17., bring 

near. 
GwAMiRA, v., come near 

to, go near to. 
GwAMTjiRA, v., see Ga- 

MTJIRA. 

Gwana, adj., enough, 

sufficient. 
Gwanatidza, v., cause 

to stoop, humiliate. 

GWANATIRA, v., StOOp. 
MUGWANAWANA, 71., Vallcy. 

RuGwANGA, n., coop for 
fowls. 

lGWANGANDIR0,7l.,bench. 

GwANGU, poss. pron., 
my ; see " Notes." 
nGwaniro, n., small bag, 
wallet, pocket, purse. 
Gwaua, v. int., be ill, 

sick, in pain, numb. 
iGwara, ??., catarrh, cold. 
NGwARA,\n., wagon road, 
mGwara,/ cattle path. 
RuGwARA, n., claw. 

iGWARIBA, n. (iGWADl), 

box. 
RuGwARO, n. (Teb.), note, 

letter, book. 
GwARO, {I) see Gwazo; 

(2) poss. pron., its ; see 

" Notes." 
GwAsiiA, v., (1) seek, see 

TsAGA ; (2) surround. 
GwATA, v., broil, frizzle, 

sputter. 
GwATATA, n., .see ou- 

Atata. 
RiGwATi, n., see guAti. 
GwATic.iRA, v.tr., bruise. 
GwATjo, po.ss. pron., its; 

see " Notes." 
OwATjURA, V. tr., con- 
fiscate. 



Owa 



( 294 ) 



Gwe 



GwATLTHA, see KWATU- 

RA. 

GwAwo, po8s. pron., its, 

their ; see " Notes." 
GwAYE, adj.f a certain 
one. 
MUNU GWAYE, a Cer- 
tain person. 
GwAYO, poss. pron., its, 
their ; see " Notes." 

GWAZHA, V.jSee GWASHA. 

GwAzisA, see Gwadzisa. 
GwAziWA, see Gwadzi- 

WA. 

GwAZO, \(1) adv., 
GwAzwo,/ much, soon, 
quickl3'^, especially, in- 
deed, surely, truly ; (2) 
adj., certain, true, sure. 
The final syllable zwo 
may give place to one 
agreeing with the class 
of another noun, e.g. 

DAMA GWARO = true 

news. The zwo is 

general for all classes ; 

(S) j)o.ss. pron., their; 

.see " Notes." 
Gw AZOGWAZO, adv. ,Yery 

much, very soon. 
xGwE, n., leopard. 
GwEDV, po.ss. p7'on., our. 

GWEDU, or GANYE 

GWEDU=at my, 
or our home (c/. 
Fr. chez moi). 
RA GWEDU, my, or 
our people. 
GwEDZA, v., .see Edza. 
iGwEGURU,n.,old woman. 
iGwEMBE, n., see gu- 
Embe. 

'Igweme;}^-'^"^^^®^^**- 



nGwena, n., crocodile. 
GwENDA, see Enda. 
Gwendagwenda, v. inf. 
(Enda), ramble, walk 
about aimlessly. 
nGwendere, n., accident. 
paGwenga, ?i., desert, a 

flat country. 
TjiGwENjERE, n., mealy 
cob. 
GwENU, adv., now, di- 
rectly. 
nGwenugwenu, n., ant- 
bear. 
RiGwENYA, n., flint. 
GwENYU, poss. pron., 
your. 

GWENYU, or GANYE 

GWANYU, your 
home (c/. Fr. 
chez vous). 
BA GWENYU, your 
people. 
RiGwENZi, n., herb, plant 

(a new leaf). 
TjiGwENZi, n., stump of a 

tree or plant. 
TjiGwEPA, w., see tjiHwe- 

PA. 

MuGwERE, n., sick person, 
invalid. 
mGwere,) catarrh 
BUGWERE, } "^'^^^^^^Ztlr. 
TjiGwERE,) cold, fever. 

nGwbrengwere, n., or- 
nament for the per- 
son. 
GwERESA, v. tr., slash 
about as with a sword. 
GwETE ! interj.. No ! 
MuGwEYA M u ) jpre;^., by 
GuGwEYA GU..., > the side 
paGweya pa, ) of, on 
that side of. 



Gwe 



( 295 ) 



Hal 



GwEZHA, v., see Kwizha. 
MuGwi,\w-> beap, mound, 
RuGwiJ pile. 

ITA Muuwi, make a 
heap, pile up. 
nGwiba, /I., ant-bear. 
TjiGwiDiBiKo, «., lid of a 
pot. 

GWIINOA, \u. tilt., 

GwiiXGiRA, j glance off 
(as a bullet), to graze, 
chafe (c/. Kwizha). 

GwiNA, V. tr., shrug, 
^VTinkle up. 

r.WIXA MUBANDABU- 

KO, shrug the 
shoulders. 
GwiRA, V. tr. (Gwa), 
light for. 

GWIRA NAKA, COn- 

spire. 

GWIRA MAXDA,) C a- 
GWIRA DARO, / vil. 

RiGwiRAXAKA, 11., dome.s- 
tic squabble, civil 
war. 
GwiRAXA, V. ini.y divide 
amongst selves. 

RUGWIRIKO, 71. {pi. DZIRI- 

KO), shaft of an assegai. 
GwisA, V. tr., cause to 

fight, incite, tight 

much, pulverize. 
GwisAXA, V. int., argue, 

cavil, contend, brawl 

amongst selves. 
iGwi8ANA, n., see iKwi- 

8ANA. 

GwisAxiSA, V. tr., stir up 
a row, excite a brawl 
amongst. 

GwiVA, V. tr., grind com 
or snuft, etc. 
RiGwiYo, n. (guIvo), (1) 



corn mill, esp. lower 
larj^e stone; (2) song, 
hymn. 

GwizA, v., see Kwizha. 

GwiziRA, v., see Kwi- 

ZIRA. 

GwoxA, v., see Koxa. 
GwosHORA, v., see Ko- 

SHORA. 

iGwosHOROjl n., see iKo- 

IGWOSORO, J SHORO. 



H 

Ha, for A the negative 

particle- 
Haba, see Shaba. 
iHabi, n., girl's apron. 
iHabu, n., gold, hence 
money. 

iHADHLANAjIn. (HaRI), 

iHadyaxa, J small pot, 

bowl, basin. 
nHadzi, 71., female of 

animals. 
nHadzikadzi, n., cow. 
Hagaga, v., stir up a 

row. 
Haha, v., sprinkle, see 
Shasha. 
riHahu, 71., sparrow, flock 
of sparrows. 
Haka, v., seek, .see 

TSAGA. 

iHaka, n., tortoise. 
Hala, «ee Shara. 
iHala, .*ee nZhara. 
tjiHalana, 71., see tjiHari. 
Halila, «ee Zharira. 
Ha lima, culj. (Rima), 
dark. 



Ham 



( 296 ) 



Fob 



iHama, n., kinsman, rela- 
tion. 

iHamba, n. (iAmba), tor- 
toise. 

iHambo, n., wild dog. 

iHambra, n., see iSha- 

MHA. 

kiHambuko, see iZhambu- 

KO. 

iHamha, see iShamha. 
iHamshatsi, n., sister. 
iHana, 71., (1) pit of the 
stomach ; (2) hence 
fear, remorse, alarm 
(? conscience), also 
pity, kindness; (3) a 
friend, acquaintance. 
ruHanda, n., leather; see 

ruAnda. 
riHandabulimi, n., earth- 
worm. 
riHandemtandb, n., spi- 
der, cobweb. 
(iDandemtande.) 
iHandira, n., male of 

beasts, bull, stallion. 
iHanga, n. (iShanga), 

(1) dot; (2) guinea- 
fowl. 

mHanga, ?i.,(l) reed, stalk; 

(2) reed, a musical in- 
strument. 

iHangu, see Shangu. 

Hanu, see Shanu. 

iHanya, w., see iHana. 

iHanzu, n., clothes, gen- 
erally jacket and 
trousers, not mere 
blankets. 

iHaxzwadzi, 7?., sister. 
maHai'ita, 77. , bran of 
mealies. 



Harabha, adj.j old, in- 
firm. 
riHarabha,") 7?., old man, 
iHarabha,] infirm per- 
son. 
iHaki, 71., pot. 
tjiHaki, 71., a little pot ; 
(tjiHalana). 
mHarako, 77., staff. 
Harira, see Zharika. 
Harura, see Zarura. 
iHasha, 71., anger, rage, 
cruelty, passion, bad 
temper, vengeance. 
NEHASHA, angry^ 
quarrelsome, 
cruel, fierce, irri- 
table. 
iHawi, see iShawi. 
iHazu, see iHanzu. 
iHazwadzi, 71., see iHan- 

ZWADZI. 

Haya, v., see Shaya, be 

deficient. 
He, see Nzhe, 
Heregeta, see Bherb- 

GETA. 

RiHiHA, 71., see riZhizha, 

summer. 
HiNGA, see Suing A. 
HiYA, V. int., delight, be 

glad. 
Hla, v., see Hya. 
tjiHlanyitje, 71., ratel. 
Hliga, v., see Hyiga. 
Hlisa, v., see Hyisa. 
Hloga, v., dislocated, 

broken, weak. 
Hlora, IK tr., damage, 

break, weaken. 
tjiHlu, 77., bosom, chest, 

breast, meat. 
iHoBA, 77., see iZiioba. 

iHOBK, 77., fish. 



Hob 



( 297 ) 



Hor 



nHobodo,\w., pocket, 
RiHoBODOj purse, wal- 


perly, applied to the 


snail; *-ee Mai BEHOMBA. 


let, small bag, the 


MuHoMBA,\«., ditch, fur- 
iHoMBA, j row, valley. 


small bag fastened 


round the neck used 


IHOMBA IJO KWIJI, 


to hold a charm. 


bed of a river. 


maHobodo, 71., bellows. 


RuHoMBO, 71., .see ruOmbo. 


HoBOLA, V. tr., stamp 


iHoMBODO,7j.,«ee riHobo 


com. 


DO, bag. 


HoBvr, see Gobvu. 


iHoMNWE,! 71., (I) sack; 
iHoMO, j (2) percus- 


iHoFORi, n., a difficult 


thing. 


sion cap. 


iHoc;a, see ruShoga. 


MAHOMO, n., large 


HoGO, pred. pron., there 


beads. 


it is. For nouns of 


GU DYA HOMNWB= 


GU class and generally; 


inherit {lit. eat 


see " Notes." 


the bag). 


iHoGOHO, n. (Shokosha), 


HoMORA, see Shomora. 


large wooden dish, or 


I Hon A, 77., iron ore. 


trough. 


iHoNDO, 77., an armj^, foe» 


Hoowi, see Ocjwi. 


mHonde, 77., fig-tree. 


HoHA, V. tr. (Shosha), 


nHondokwe,\77., male of 
iHoNDOKWE,/ animals. 


enclose, shut up as 


with bushes, stop a 


HoNEGA, V. int., bid fare- 


road. 


well. 


HoHELA, V. tr., enclose 


HoNGO adj. {prefix to 


for. 


verbs), bare, naked, 


iHoHO, »., honey bear, 


empty. 


or ratel {MeUivora 


WA KA HONGO FAM- 


capeiiitis). 


ba = he was naked. 


RiHoji, u. (iSiioRi), a spy. 


RuHoNGOHONGo, 77., spine. 


iHoKo, 71., a peg, nail. 


BuHoNGOLA, 71., ferocity. 


cock of a gun. 


NABUHONGOLA, fierce. 


maHokd, v. (maShoko), 


iH0Ni,7i. (iShoni), shame. 


news. 


HoSo, \adv., yes; see 
HoN( )ZE, J of so HoSgo. 


Hgla, v. tr. (Shora), to 


»py. 


iHoNo, n., male of ani- 


HoMANA, \ailj. (Sho- 

Ho.MANANA,J MANA), 


mals. 


maHonya, 7?., " biestings '*^ 


few, little in quantity. 


of milk. 


HoMBA, V. int., see Okba, 


RiHoxYE, n., maggot, grub^ 


snarl. 


fly-blow. 


iHoMBA, 71., snail-shell, 


iHoPE, n., sleep. 


sometimes, but impro- 


iHORE, 77., fog. 



Hor 



( 298 ) 



Hur 



iHt)K(), n., bar to close a 


HUGURA, V. (BuGURA), 


kraal gate ; ttee mSoro. 


bark (of dogs). 


mHokonga, w., see Kor- 


HUHULA, V. (ShUSHURA), 


ON«A. 


take the early morning 


Ho Roii A, vir., straighten. 


meal. 


iHoRoRO, Vw., white 
iHoKoWANEj crane. 


;i---}«.. tiger cat. 


HoRUDZA, v., winnow. 


HuGu, pron. dem. (Ugu) 


iHosA, 1 ;i., (1) catarrh, 
iHosHAj fever; (2) a 


this ; see " Notes." 


HuKO, see huKo. 


rattling noise. 


Huji, n., see huDzi, 


INYIGA I NEHOSHA = 


pumpkin. 


the country is un- 


iHuKU, n., fowl. 


healthy. 


lHUKUKADZI,\^ , ^^ 
IHUKWADZI, r- ^^'^• 


ROBA HOSHA= rattle. 


iHosi, Ir?., chief wife 
iHosiASHE,/ of a chief. 


iHuKWANA, n., chicken. 


iHuLA n. (iZura), frog. 


iHoTjE,! ?i., trunk of ele- 
mHotjeJ phant. 


HuLE, adv., see Shure. 


iBuLO, n. (iZuRO), wind- 


iHoTORO, ?i., ram goat. 


pipe. 


HoTSiRA, V. int., sneeze, 


HuLUGiGWA, t-., see Shu- 


snort. 


RUGIGWA. 


iHowu, w., see iZhowu. 


iHuLULiDHLA, ?i.. See 


mHra, w., see imBha. 


iZURURIYA. 


imHrakwizi, n., seeMBuA- 


Humba, v., mould, cre- 


KWIZI. 


ate, shape. 


tjimHramanga, 71., see tjim- 


iHuMBA, n., snail-shell. 


Bhamanga. 


Humburuga, v., see 


Hu (1) pi^ep., to ; (2) pre- 


BUMBURUGA. 


fix, sign of the Infini- 


iHuNDA, 71., hump of ox. 


tive. A dialect differ- 


RiHuNDi, 71., (1) trunk of 


ence from the usual 


tree ; (2) husk of 


form GU. H sometimes 


corn. 


displaces k, cf. Teb. 


HuNGA, v., hum. 


inkuni = firewood = Sh. 


iHuNi, n.\ firewood. 


iHUNi. Teb.inkukTi= 


iHuNYA, 71., flower of the 


fowl=Sh. inuKU. 


maize plant. 


BuHu, n., the falling block 


maHunye, 71., dregs of beer. 


snare placed in fences. 


"grains." 


RiHuBA, see riZhuba. 


iHuNZi, n., bull. 


HuDUGA, v., come off, as 


iHuPA, 71., tick of sheep. 


hair {cf. Budiga). 


iHuPi, 71., cob of Indian 


iHuDU, 11. (iGuDU), ba- 


corn. 


boon. 


HuRA, v., drag, draw. 



Hur 



( 299 ) 



Hwi 



iHiTRA, n., head of com. 

iHuRi, n. (TjiHURi),hole 
into, or through any- 
thing. 

iHuRO, n., see iKuRO- 

KURO. 

HuRU, ac^., see Kuru. 
TjiHuRU, n., duck. 
iHuRiBA, «., dust. 
HuRUGUKWE, adj.y old, 
aged. 

iHURUKADZI, W., cow. 

iHusi, 71.J cap. 
HuTsi, see huTsi. 
iHuziiA, 7J., a snare, trap, 

pitfall. 
iHuzi, n., see iHunzi. 
HwA, v., (1) live, hear, 
taste, feel, hence, be in 
good health ; (2) stamp, 
crush corn, grain. 

MOTO I NO HWA, the 

fire is alight. 
GuHwA, 7?., sensation, 

sense. 
MuHwA, 71., thorn, spike, 
quill of the porcupine. 
BuHwA, 71. (iDiuwa), (1) 
grass, old and dry, 
straw ; (2) pus. 
RuHwAj'l 71., single stalk or 
TjiHwA, j blade of grass. 
RuHwABURO, 71., cord run 
through the cartilagi- 
nous part of a cow's 
nose. 
HwADA, 7^, hide oneself. 
iHwAi, 71. (iGwAi), sheep. 
HwAi, ck//., see Gwai. 
HwAiR A, v., clear a road. 

iHWAMANDA, 71., hom, 

trumpet, bugle. 
iHwANA, 71., red lynx or 
caracal. 



RiHwANDA, n., small 

plaited basket. 
HwARi (gu ti Hwari), 

silent (c/. Hwaira). 
iHwARi, 71., pheasant. 
iHwATi, see huAti. 
iHwATU, see huAto. 
HwAYA, v., poke. 
ruHwayenga,7i.(tjiEnga), 
potsherd. 
iHwAYO, 71., snuff-box. 
MuHwE, 71., crack, crack in 
skin, chap. 
iHwE, 71,, noose, loop. 
iHwEDZA, 71., milking 

vessel. 
HwENEDZA, v., bring 
near, cause to ap- 
proach. 
HwENERA, t\, come or 

go near, approach. 
iHwENKA, 71., green par- 
rot. 
TjiHwEPA, 71., a tobacco 

pipe. 
MuHwERE, 71., a sloping 

down, a steep place. 
BuHwERE, 71., catarrh. 
RiHwi, 7?., word, order, 
command, mes.sage. 
HwiDZA, r. (Hwa), cause 
to live, hear, feel, 
kindle (of a fire). 
HwiGA, V. (Hwa), be in 
a " tasteable," bearable 
condition; be distinct, 
loud. 
Hwira, v. tr.^ stamp, 
pound. 
maHwiri, 71., see ma- 

HWBRB. 

HwiRiRA (Hwa), r., lis- 
ten, be obedient. 



Hwi 



( 300 ) 



Igo 



HwiTA, r., draw, suck, 
as through a pipe. 
TjiHwiTO, ?«., fish-hook. 

iHwivo, »., small, round, 
hand - stone of mill ; 
hence any round ob- 
ject, a ball or globe. 
Cf. huIyo. 
RuHwiYO, ?i., song, hymn 
{cf. ruIyo). 

iHwiZHA, ?i., giraffe. 

HwoMANA, see, Homana. 

HwowA, see HuUwa. 

Hya,?;. (1) (Hla) respect, 
fear, dread ; (2) happen, 
chance. 

Hyiga, v. (Hliga), be 
fearful, awful, terrible, 
hideous. 

Hyisa, v. tr. (Hlisa), 
make afraid, astonish, 
fear exceedingly. 

Hyora, v., see Hlora, 
break. 



I, prejix (1) of i-dzi class; 
(2) contracted form for 
Ri of Ri-MA class; (3) 
plnj\ pron., of MU-Mi 
class ; (4) pron. suffix^ 
contr. for Ni, q.v. what 
U NO TSAGEi=what do 
you seek ? A zwi nbi 
= there is nothing 
{—lit.^ not it with 
what). 

Iba, v., see Ba, steal. 

Ibaba, pron. dem. pers.^ 
these ; see " Notes." 



Ib ART, pro?i. emph., they, 

them ; .see " Notes." 
1bo,{1) pron. emph., they, 

them, it; {2)pron.dem., 

those ; see "Notes." 
Iboba, pro7i. dem. those ; 

see " Notes." 
Ibobaya, ]7ron. dem., 

those yonder ; see 

"Notes." 
Ibva, v., Bva, be ripe, 

cooked. 
Idu, p7^on. emph. {pi. 

Mu-ba) ; see " Notes," 

we, us. 
Idzi, v., see Edza. 
Idzanisa, v. tr., see 

Edzanisa. 
Idzi, (1) pron. emph. 

they, them; (2) pi^ou. 

dem. (dzi), those ; see 

"Notes." 
Idziri, pron. emph., for 

Idzi. 
Idzo, (1) pron. emph. 

they, them; (2) pi^on. 

dem. (dzi), those; see 

" Notes." 
Idzodze, pron. dem., re- 
duplicated form for 

Idzi, these. 
Idzodzo, pron. dem., re- 
duplicated form for 

Idzo, those. 
Igogo, pron. dem, (ru, 

GIT, BU), for URA, UGA, 

that. 

Igogu, p7^on. dem. (Rir, 
GU, bit), for URU, UGU, 
this. 

Igoguya, jyj^mi. dem. 
(ru, gv, bit), that (far 
away, from either 
speaker or hearer). 



Igu 



( 301 ) 



Ino 



loiiRi, proii. dew. (ru), 

that. 
InoBO, pron. dem, (bu), 

that ; see '* Notes.*' 
Ihobu, pron. dem. (bu), 

this ; .see " Notes." 
IiiOHO, pron. dem. (bu), 

for Ihobo, that. 
Ihohi:, j)ron. dem. (bu), 

for Ihobu, this. 
Ihohi'ya, proii. dem. 

(mu, bu), that, at a 

distance from speaker 

and hearer. 
Ihokc), pron. dem. (ou), 

that; see "Notes." 
Ihokl', pron. dem. (Gu), 

this. 
Ihokuya, pron. dem. 

(Gu), that j'onder. 
Ihopa, see Ipopa. 
Ihoyo, pron. dem. (mu), 

for uvo, that. 
IiioYU, pron. dem. (mu), 

for UYU, this. 
Iji, pron. deni.^ for Idzi, 

these. 
Ijiya, pron. dem.., for 

Edziya, those yonder. 
I JO (1) pron. dem., for 

Idzo, those; (2) pron. 

emph. (iti) for Iro and 

Idzo. 
Ijoyi, pron. dem., for 

Idzi. 
Ijojiya, pron. dem., for 

Edziya. 
Ijojo, pron. dem., for 

Idzo. 
Iko, pron. emph. (ka), 

\t;see " Notes." 
Ikoko, see loooo (c/. 
Koko). 
ouIla, r., «ee ouIra. 



Iix), pron. emph., for 

Iro. 
Iloli, pron. dem. (ri), 

for Iri, this. 
Iloliya, pron. dem. (ri), 
for Eriya, that 
yonder. 
Ilolo, pron. dem. (ri), 

for Iro, that. 
Ima, r.,seeMA. The" I" 
prefixed to avoid a 
monosyllable standing 
by itself. 
Imba, I"., see Omba, 

chant, sing. 
Imi, pron. pers. emph., 
I, myself, me ; see 
"■ Notes." Imi some- 
times stands for Imue. 
Imnwe,\ pi'on. j)ers. 
Imue, J emph., you, 
ye; .see "Notes." 
MuIna n. (mnw-ina), a hole 
in the ground, a shaft, 
a pit, an ant-bear's 
hole. 
lNDA,r., see End a. 
Indb, adv., yes. 
Ine, pron. pers. emph., 

for IwE, thou. 
In(;i8I, n., an English- 
man. 
Ini, (1 ) pron. pers. emph., 
for Imn WE, ye, you. Ini 
is sometimes heard for 
Imi, q.v. : (2) pron. 
inter., often contracted 
to Ni and I, what, 
which. Ini may be 
regarded as an em- 
phatic form of the 
inter, pron. Ni. 
Ino, pron. emph., for 
Iyo. 



Ino 



( 802 ) 



Ita 



zlNO,)n., pf. Menu (= 

jInoJ ma-Ino), (ui-ma), 
tooth. Cf. Ziso. Z 
or J replaces the pre6x 
Ri. It is irregular in 
nearly all Bantu 
languages. 

Ini', ])ron. pers. emph., 
for Imue, ye, you. 

Inzanisa, v. tr., see Ed- 

ZANISA. 

lopA, see Ipopa. 

Ipa, v. int., be bad, ugly, 

unpleasant, stale, vi-^ 

cious, wrong. 
Ipapa, pron. dem. (pa), 

representing English 

adverb, here. 
Ipapo, pron. dem. (pa), 

representing English 

adverb, there. 
Ipfa, v.. see Pfa. 
Ipopa, pron. dem. (pa), 

or loPA, here (adv.). 
Ipopaya, pi^on. dem. 

(pa), or loPAYA, there, 

j'onder, remote from 

speaker and hearer. 
Ipopo, 2?ron. dem. (pa), 

there (adv.). 
Ira, v. (Era), abstain, 

fast. 
Iri, (1) pron. pers. emph. 

(ri), it, see "Notes" ; 

(2) pron. dem. (ri), 

this, see " Notes." 
Irigidza, v. tr., place 

across. 

irigidza MA(}UMB0 

= cross the legs. 
ruIrigo, n., a long stick, a 
whip stick. 
I hi HE, pron. dem. and 
emjyh., for Iri. 



Iriya, pron. dem., for 

Eriya, that yonder. 
Iro, (1) x>ron. emph. (ru), 

it, see " Notes " ; (2) 

pron. dem. (iii), that, 

see " Notes." 
Irori, pron. dem., for 

Iri, this. 
Irori Y A, ^pro«. dem. (ri), 

that yonder, remote 

from speaker and 

hearer. 
Iroro, j)ron. dem., for 

Iro, that. 
Irugo, pron. dem. (ru), 

for IJro, that. 
Iruri, pron. dem, (ru), 

for Uru, this. 
ISA, V. tr. (1) convey ; (2) 

put, appoint, set up ; 

(3) spoil, smudge, sin 

against, offend against. 
MUlSHU,ln. (mnriziiu, m- 
BUlSHUjJ BUISHU), husks, 

esp. husks of mealies. 
Isi, Isu, pron. pers. 

emph., we, us; see 

"Notes." 
Mulsi, n. (mnw-isi), tail, 

esp. the brush. 
IsiRHWA,! v. pa.^s., see 
Isiw^A, J Is A. 
IsKA, V. tr., see Isa. 

I^^rl'^' } ^- P<^s., see ISA. 

ZLSO, n., pi. MESO ( = MA + 

iso) ; cf. zIno, eye, 
gun-sight. The prefix 
is irregular in nearly 
all the Bantu lan- 
guages. 

make 



Ita, v. tr., do, 



Ita 



( 806 ) 



Iza 



commit, cause, accom- 
plish, undertake. 
guItAjVw., conduct, prac- 
huIta,/ tice. 

Iti j>ra«. devi. (xi), these. 
Itixi, v., imper., as a 

form of polite request 

(tjijo), please. 
Itja, v., imper. of Tja. 
Itje, \])roti. dem. (tji), 
Itji, f this; «fe" Notes." 
Itjetjiya, pron. deni., 

for Itje, this. 
Itjo, {l)pron. dem. that ; 

(2) pron. emph. (tji), 

it ; see " Notes." 
Itjotje, jy^fon. dem., for 

Itje, this. 
Itjotyiya, x>^on. dem. 

(tji), that yonder, far 

from speaker or hearer. 
Itjotjo, pron. dem., for 

Itjo, that. 
Ito, (1) pron. dem. (tu), 

those ; (2) pron. einph., 

they, them. 
Itsi, for Idzi. 
Itso, for Idzo. 
MUlWA, n. (mnw-iwa), 

water-melon. 
IwA, pron. dem. (ma), 

those. 
I\VAni,proji. emph. (ma), 

they. 
Iwawava, pron. dem., 

those yonder, far from 

speaker and hearer. 
Iwf:, jfron. emph., thou, 

thee ; he, she it. 
I WE ! ahoy ! 
Iwo, jtron. etfiph., it; 

they,them;^e« "Notes." 
IwowA, pron. dem., for 

Ay a (ma), these. 



IwowAYA, pron. dem., 

for IWAWAYA. 

Iya, pron. de^n. (mi), for 

Iyo, those. 
MuIye, 71., mosquitos. 
Iye, (1) pron. emph., 

he, she, it, him, her ; 

(2) pron. dem., for 

Uyu (i), this. 
Iyeuya, j^^'on. dem., (i) 

that yonder, far from 

speaker and hearer. 
Iyi, ^^/'Ow. dem. (mi), 

thiSjthese; see "Notes." 
ruIyo, n. (rhu-Iyo), a song, 

hymn. 
ouIyo, n. (i-GWiYO), the 

lower or large mill- 
stone. 
huIyo, n. (i-nwiYo), the 

upper or hand-stone of 

a mill. 
Iyo (1) 2>ron. dem. (i, mi), 

that, those; (2) pron. 

emph. {i, Ml), it, they, 

them ; (3) pron. pred. 

(mi), here it is! see 

"Notes." 
Iyoiya, 2^i'()t^- dem. (i), 

that yonder, far away. 
Itouya, pron. dem. (i), 

that yonder, far from 

either speaker or 

hearer. 
\Y(>\K,\2)ron. dem , for 
Iyoyi, I Iye. 
Iyoyiya, pron. dem , 

(mi), those yonder, far 

away. 
I yoyo, pron. dem., for 

Iyo (i, mi), that, those; 

see " Notes." 
orlzANA, n. (Kwizana), 

brook, stream. 



Iih 



( 804 ) 



Jis 



jnjUm%\n. (m-Bhishu), 

MfBlziirJ husks, esp. husks 

of stamped mealies. 
Gulzi, n. (Kwizi), a river. 
Izwi, pron. dem. (zwi), 

these. 
Izwo, (1) pron. dem. 

(zwi), those ; (2) pron. 

emph., they, them. 
Izwozwi, for Izwi. 
IzwozwiYA, pron. dem. 

(zwi), those yonder, 

far from speaker or 

hearer. 
Izwozwo, for Izwo. 



Ja, v., see Dza. 
J ANA, V. int., see Dzana. 
Janu, adv., yet, still. 
Janyira, v. (Dzanyira), 

chop up (meat). 
Jara, v., (1) become full 

(Zhara); (2) harrow 

ground, rake. 
tjinJara, .see Nzara. 

Jayo, (1) ddv., so, thus ; 

(2) poss. pron. J for 

DZAYO. 

nJe(iesa, n., madman, 

wild fellow. 
iJEXiETjE, n., dam, vley. 
iJe(jwa, n., unburnt pot. 
Jrieredza, v., go out of 

the way. 
Jbnya, t\, hatch. 
maJenya, ?«., the lot. 

ITA MAJENYA, Cast 

lots. 
Jenyera, v. int., twinkle 
of the eyes. 



nJera, n.y dough, leaven. 
nJere, n. (Tjenjera), 
cunning, craft, alert- 
ness, ability. 
nenjere, crafty. 
nJerere, n. (njere), 

hawk. 
mJese, n. (iDzbse), copse, 
wood. 
Jeye, in ITA Jeyb, to 

joke. 
Ji, pers. jyron., for Dzi ; 
see " Notes." 
HuJi, n., see huDzi. 

nJi, n., herd, troop of 

animals. 
RuJi, n., fibre. 
JiBA, adj., slate or dove 

colour. 
nJiba,1w., dove, pigeon, 
iJiBA,/ wood pigeon. 

RlJiBA, see Rl-DZIBA. 

JiBILA, v., see DZIBIRA. 

JiGWA, V. tr., see Tjega, 

to wane. 
Jura, v. int., be an- 
noyed. 
iJiLA, n. (Dzira), inside 

fat of animals. 
JiLA, v., see Dzira. 
mJimba, n., hunter, fisher- 
man. 
JiME, adv., until. 
MuJiMO, see Ml DziMo. 
JiNJi, adj., see Zhinzhi, 

many. 
JiPA, v., see DziPA. 
Jipula, see Dzipura. 
RiJiRA,\n., calico, esp. a 
nJira,/ strip of calico. 
nJiri, n., (1) pig, hog ; (2) 
stars in Orion's belt. 
TjiJiRiMA, n., giddiness. 
JiSA, v., see Dhlisa. 



Jit 



( 905 ) 



Kak 



JlTIOA, see DZITIYA. 


riKaba, n. (iGaba), (1) 


JiYA, see DziYA. 


sack of powder; (2) 


Jo, interj., see Tjijo, 


silver jackal. 


please, or expressed 


Kabhata, adv., pri- 


only in intonation, the 


vately. 


interjection of cour- 


nKabi, n., sparrow-hawk 


tesy. 


maKabi, n., thin strips of 


GiJo Gi:..., prep., by side 


bark, used as string. 


of, beside, below. 


Kabiri, adv., twice. 


GUJO GWEMISHA = 


tjiKabo, n., calabash, esp. 


the border of a 


the vessel formed of 


country. 


the hardened rind. 


Jog A, see Dzoga. 


iKabvu, n., see iGabvu. 


Jong A, see Dzoxga. 


Kadi, adv., certainly. 


iJoNOWE, n., a cock bird. 


truly. 


JoNTRA, V. tr., unbrace, 


Kadukwana, adv.,\ittle, 


unhook. 


small, so little, so 


,t,";;r'}"'"— • 


small. 


mEadzi, n., woman or 


Jos A, see DzosA. 


girl. 


iJoTi, In., (iDzoTO), arm- 
iJoTo,/let, bracelet, ring, 


buKadzi, n., lock of a gun. 


Kadzishaba, n., see 


wheel. 


kaDzishaba. 


iJu, 11., eagle. 


Kadzigira, r., see Gad- 


JuNcaiRA, r., .see Tjin- 


ZIGIRA. 


OURA. 


Kadzira, see Gadzira. 


MuJuRU, n., white ants, 


Kajali, adv., so little. 


termites. 


mKaka, 77., milk, sweet 




and sour. 




kaKadzamba, 1 n., land 
kaKanje, / crab. 




K 


Kak A RE, adv. (Kare), 


also, thus, in like 




manner, again. 


Ka, (1) aux. verb, sign 


Kakata. ?'., ]>ull. draw, 


of the pft. tense, e.g. 


drag, lead, stretch, 


Nda ka vima, I have 


attract, tempt. 


hunted; (2) nmtn pre- 


iKakata, ri., mud, black 


fix of diminutive force; 


SOU. 


see "Notes"; (3) adv. 


mKakati, n., one who 


(Kanga), almost. 


pulls, a leader of a 


.NDA KA NDA FA, I 


wagon. 


almost died. 


Kakf:, poss. prov., his, 


mi'Ka, n., measles. 


hers, its; »C€ "Notes." 



mk 



( 306 ) 



Kap 



Kako, jfoss. pron.f thy ; 

«ec" Notes." 
Kakubi, see kaKubi. 
Kama, v. tr.^ to milk. 
mKamba, n., a variety of 

mimosa bush. 
Kambayira, v., go on 

hands and knees, creep, 

crawl. 
Kamina, 1 v., be lame, 
Kami R A, J hobble. 
Kamnra, v. (Kama), give 

milk (of a cow). 
Kamnremnweremnwe, 

see under Remnwe. 
Kamnwe, adv., once, at 

once, together, sud- 
denly. 

KAMNWE PERA, Only 

once, just once. 

KAMNWE TJETE, 

promptly, " sharp ! " 

Kamura, v., divide, di- 
minish, lessen. 

Kana, adv., (1) perhaps, 
probably, if, whether ; 
(2) four times. 

Kana, n., see kaNa, 
chicken. 

Kanamura, v., cock a 
gun (kanura). 

Kanatu, adv., thrice. 

Kanda, v., (1) throw, 
fling, toss, pitch; (2) 
foment, poultice ; (3) 
spit in contempt. 

KANDA MATE = 

throw saliva. 
[ruKanda,! iGanda 

riKanda,/^' *^^ i^anda. 
Kandega, v., be thrown. 
Kandira, v., throw at. 
kandira mazai, lay 
eggs. 



Kanga, (1) V. tr., roast, 
parch ; (2) aux. verb 
(Ka), has the adverbial 
sense almost. 

DZA kanga DZA WA 

= they almost fell. 

Kangana, (1) v., be 
wrong, blunder, mis- 
take; (2) adv., how 
much, how many, how 
often; so much, so 
often. 

Kanganisa, v. tr., cause 
or help to be wrong, do 
wrong, be very wrong, 
blunder greatly, sin 
against. 

Kanganwa, v., forget, 
neglect, blunder. 

Kangani, adv., how 
often. 
tjiKanganiso, n., error, 
mistake. 

Kangu, poss, pron., my; 

see " Notes." 
Kantetjini, adv. (Tjini), 

how, why. 
iKanu, n., cock of a gun. 
buKanu, n., battle axe. 

Kanura, v., cock a gun. 



tramp 



Kanya, \ V. 
Kanyanga, J (clay), 

knead. 
Kanye gwedu, at my, 

our home. 
Kanyira, v. tr., rebuke, 

reprove. 
Kanzura, 6'ee Kwax- 

ZURA. 

Kapa, v., lap (of a dog). 

Kapikura, v., bear, sup- 
port. 

Kapita, v. tr., choke, 
throttle. 



Xap 



( 307 ) 



Kob 



Kapura, v. (Pura), beat 

hard. 
Kaua, *;., be greedy. 
maKaua, u., cinders, char- 
coal. 
tjiKaua, «., see tjiGara. 
Kaka(;a, t'., charge, load 

a gun. 
iKaraga, n., a charge of 

powder. 
Karakana, v., think, 
ponder, recollect, re- 
member. 
Karakanisa, v., remind. 
mKaran'(JA, /I., (1) evening 
star ; (2) honey bird. 
Kare, (ulj., old, stale. 

ZWAKARE, GWAKA- 
RE, VAK\RK(adv.), 

continually, again 
and again, long* 
ago. 
Karekare, adj., ancient, 
very old, {culv.) very 
long ago. 
Karo, poss. pro/i., its; 

see '* Notes." 
Kasa, v., see Gasa. 
iutKashaha. «., soldier, ter- 
mites (white ants). 
KASHAxu.^wiy. (Shanu), i 

live times. 
Kaswa, v., see Gasa. 
Kataxa, v., be compli- 
cated. 
mKati,) 7i.(MKATi),centre, 
i'aKati,/ middle. 

Katjizioa, adv. (Tji- 
ziba), intentionally, 
wilfully. 

Katjo, />os8. pron.t its ; 
«e«"Notes.'^ 



ruKatu, H.J thick thorn 
bush. 
iKau, «., see iKanu. 
iKawa, «., dew. 

DYA IKAWA, " eat 
the dew," used of 
cattle going to 
])asture before the 
morning milking. 
Kawo, ])oss. pron., its, 

their ; see " Notes." 
Kayo, poss. pron,, their; 

see " Notes." 
Kazhinzhi, adv., often, 

very many times. 
Kazw o. poss. pron.jtheir, 

see " Notes." 
Ke, proa, suffix, his, her. 
Kkih:, poss. pron., our; 
see "Notes." 
maKei, n. (maKexye), last 
year or next year. 
Kekedza,!?;., cluck(asa 
Kekera, j hen), cackle. 
Kbxe, coiij., or. 
KEXYU,po6-*\/>rort.,your; 
see "Notes." 
maKexye, n. (MuAka), last 

year, or next year. 
TJiKEPFi, /J., ship. 

Kerekera, V , see Ke- 
kera. 
Ko, adr., there, there- 
abouts; present. 
(UJHUKo, \ on that 
<;iixoKO, I side, over 
(iUXEiiUKO, I there, 
BiiUKWi, ) 3'onder. 
MrKo, /I., manner, custom. 

K(u»A, f., see Goba. 
Ri'KoBA, «., see ruKubi. 
muKoba, n., entrance way, 
doorway, threshold. 
K(>bf:ra, r., see Gobkra. 



Kob 



( 808 ) 



Kom 



TJiKoBBRo, n., see tji- 

GOHKRO. 

iKom), n., clot of blood. 

NKoBONO,7l.,Se6 N'GOBONO. 

KoDAMA, v., see Kon- 

DAMA. 

TjiKoDORO, n., see tji- 

GONDORO. 

KoDZA, V. tr. (Kora), 
stir, thicken porridge. 

KODZIRA, V. (KoDZA), 

doze. 

KODZONOA, V. (KoDZA), 

stir, stir up, churn. 

KociA, adv., only, just, 
but, however. 

KociWA, v., (1) be con- 
tented, be satisfied, as 
with food, be intoxi- 
cated ; (2) believe. 

KoHA, see Kosha. 

KoHERA, V. tr., cause, 
make. 

KOHERA HOBA = 

make a noise. 
nKohlo, \ 7i., percussion 
nKohyo, J cap. 
mKohwa, 11., cord in cow's 
nostril. 
KoKA, v.,{l) declare, pro- 
claim, make known; (2) 
raise troops, call toge- 
ther, cause to assemble. 
KoKERA, ?;., publish to. 
KoKO, dem. pron. (CfU 

class), this. 
iKoKO, //., cast skin of 
snake. 

MA KOKO ENZEBE, 

wax of the ear. 
iKoKO, adv., there. 
naKoko, \ adv., on that 
nkKoko, / side, over there, 
on that account. 



Kokoba, v., to hook. 
Kokobara, v., cringe. 

TJiKOKOBARO, 1 , 

tj.Kokobo, I ''"i^^X^^' 

IKOKOBO, J ^'*^^^- 

iKoKOBO, n., a crow. 

KoKOMAjV.m^., stammer. 

MuKoKOMi, n., a stammerer. 

MuKoKONi, 71., copper, brass. 

KoKONYARiSA, V., draw 

up limbs. 
KOKORODZA, V. tr., (1) 
gather together ; (2) 
knock, tap; see Gudza. 
KoKORA, v., wind about, 
bend, as a river or road. 

KOKORODZANA, V. int., 

congregate. 
KoKWA, see Kogwa. 
KoMA, v., be dull, blunt. 
MuKoMANA, ??., bo3^, son. 

mKoma w^angu, my 
elder brother. 
Mi'KoMANANA,??., Small boy . 
BuKoMANA, ??., youth. 
KoMBA, v. tr., surround, 

be around. 
iKoMBA, n., precipice. 
TJiKoMBA, n., strong boy. 

KOMBAMA, V. (KoNDAMA), 

be bent, warped ; to 
stoop, cringe, boM- 
before. 

KOMBAMIDZA, V. tr., 

bend, clinch, close a 
clasp knife. 
TJiKoMBAMO,??., crook, hook. 
mKombe, v., calabash dip- 
per, ladle. 
iKombekombe, n., ant- 
bear. 
Kombera, v. int., be 
round (like a circle), 
go round (in a circle). 



£om 



( 309 ) 



Kor 



KoMBERKi»/A, r. tr., en- 


iKoxDORO, n., see tji- 


circle, surround. 


Gk)NDORO. 


mKombero, n., edge of a 


KONEGA, \V., (KONA), 

KoNEGWA, J be over- 


cup (ie. a circle). 


KoMHiKiGA, be crooked, 


come, unable, tired, 


winding. 


exhausted ; to fail(=be 


Ko--.-.{&r 


overcome). 
Kong A, v., nurse the sick. 


(1) help or make to 


KoNiDZiRA, iJ. tr., stir 


drive in ; (2) make 


(the fire). 


blunt. 


nKono,) 

mKono, j- /I., male of beasts. 

TJiKONO,; 


KoMERA, r. tr., (1) drive 


in (nails, stakes), hence 


to stretch a skin by 


NKONO YEHOWU, 


driving pegs through 


male elephant. 


the edge into the 


maKono, n., large beads. 


ground ; (2) accuse, 


KoNYA, v., judge (offici- 


denounce, sue. 


ally), swear an oath. 


KoMiSA, v., see Omisa. 


iKONYBDANGA, «., white 


KoNA, V. tr, (Kwona), 


grub found in the old 


overcome, baffle, con- 


dung of cattle kraals. 


vince, conquer, subdue, 


TjiKoNYO, n., .see mGonyo. 


suppress, tire ; hence 


KoNYORA, V. tr., shell of 


able to, can. 


mealies. 


U NO KONA GU 


KopoRA, V. (Teb.), change 


TJIRUGA KWIZI = 


colour. 


he can jump the 


Kor A, V. int., (1) be fat, 


river. 


stout, in good condi- 


KoNDA, V. int., see Onda, 


tion, sleek, thicken (of 


be thin, worn. 


porridge), become vis- 


KoNDAMA, V. int. (KOM- 


cous, be full (of the 


BAMA), bend, bow, bow 


moon) ; (2) pain, throb. 


down, wind about (of 


RiKoRE, 71., (1) a year; (2) 


a river). 


cloud. 


KONDAMA NBNDONZO 


MAKORB OSB, annu- 


=lean on a stick. 


ally. 


KoNDAMiKA, r. tr., bend. 


II NE MAKORE, he Is 


KoNDAMSwAj'i t;,, pass. 

KONDAMWA, / of KON- 


old ( = with years). 


TJiKoRE, n., lish-hook. 


DAMA. 


KoREGA, r. int. (Kora), 


mKonde, h., euphorbia. 


be viscous, hanging, 


KoNDiHA, V. tr., make 


to twine around, cling 


thin, wear away. 


about. 


iKONIH), 8^e IGONDO. 


K<>rk(»ana, v. inf., be in- 



Kor 



( 310 ) 



Kuk 



tertwined, entangled, 
looped, complicated. 
KoKEKA, v., see Kouora. 
KoREWA, see Kociwa. 
KoRiSA, V. tr., satisfy, 
please. 
mKoro, /^, lx)x. 
nKoro, )(., vehicle, wagon. 

KOROBEDZA, V. tr., &C- 

custom. 

KoROBERA, V. inf., be 
accustomed, used to, 
do habitually. 
maKoroc;oto, a form of 
congratulation on re- 
turn from war. 

KoROMOGA, V. int., fall 
down, be thrown down, 
ruined (of hut, etc.). 

KOROMORA, V. tr., throw 
down, pull down, de- 
molish, ruin, destroy, 
smudge, disfigure. 
mKoronga,"^ 72., channel, 

iKoRONGA, > glen, ravine, 
RuKoRONGA,) chasm ; the 
name is applied to 
the whole channel, or 
to the bank or side 
thereof. It properly 
belongs to natural 
channels w^orn by 
water. 

KoRORA, v., stretch out 
the hands to receive 
something. 

KoRHWAjlv., see Ko- 

KORWA, J GWA. 

KosHA, V. tr., (1) spin, 
twist, curl, entwine ; 
(2) cough. 

KosiiA, adj., see Gosh a. 

MrKosHi, n. {cf. maKusi), 

a small piece of woven 



or twisted material, a 
band for the head^ 
cord, string. 
KosHORA, v., cough. 
iKosiiORO, "i 71., coughy 
iKosoKo.so, > cold, esp. 
iKosoRO, ) cold in 

the head, catarrh. 
iKoTA, n., division of an 
impi. 
MuKoTO, n., husk of corn. 
KoTSARA, \v., see Go- 

KOTSAIRA,/ DZIRA. 

mKowa, n., mercy, com- 
passion. 
NEMKOWA, merciful. 

RUKOWA, 71. (RUKOBA),. 

stream, river. 
KuBADZA, V. tr., injure 
(physically), sprain, 
wound. 
KuBARA, V. int., be in- 
jured, sprained, etc. 
RuKuBAjW., a brook, stream, 
watercourse, gully, 
chasm, ravine. 
kaKubi, 71., a small brook. 
iKuBVUBiRi, n.. duck. 
KuDZA, V. (Kura), mak& 
great, enlarge, make 
conceited. 

ziKUDZA, be arro- 
gant, conceited, 
proud ; boast. 
KuGA, v., see Kogw^a. 

KUHUMBIWA,\V. (Ku- 
KUHUNWA, j Swa). 

KuHw^A, v., see Guhwa, 
or Kuwa. 
riKukuda, v., iGuguta. 

KuKURA, v., collect, rake 
together, esp. of rub- 
bish. 

TJlKUKl RARE, 77., thumb. 



Knk 



( 311 ) 



Knr 



KuKURiDZA, v., crow, as 


KuNGULUOA,|v., roll 
KuNOURUGA,/ along. 


a cock. 


iKuK URUME, 71., malebird, 


roll down, slope down. 


cock. 


NKORO I NO KUNGU- 


mKula, n.y red soil. 


RUGA PAMABHE= 


KuLUSA, v., sift, winnow. 


the wagon is rat- 


KuMA, I?., (1) mow, clear 


tling over the 


ofif grass; (2) low of 


stones. 


cows. 


KuNGUMULA, v., skim. 


KuMBA, v., pay a visit. 


KuNGURA, v., commend. 


mKumbadzetse, 71., dung- 


comfort. 


beetle. 


RuKuNi,\?t., log, stick, fire- 
TjiKuNi,/ brand, stem of 


KuMBAMA, I*., see Ko- 


mbama. 


a pipe. 


KuMBiDZiRA, \ v., ask. 


MuKuNi, v., falling - log 


KuMBiRA, ) beg, bor- 


snare in fences. 


row, request. 


MAKUNi ! form of 


NDI NO KUMBIRA 


congratulation to 


MUTi = I beg for 


one returning 


medicine. 


from the hunting 


KuMBiRiRA, v., intercede 


veldt. 


for, ask on behalf of. 


KuNiDziRA, v., see Ku- 


mKimbo, n., see Gumbo. 


TJIDZIRA. 


KUMBUGWA, ) ,, ,^^ 
Kumburhwa, V Vl Von 
KUMUGWA, 'jble,fall. 


KuNiWA, V. (Kunda), be 
overpowered, over- 


come. 


KuNDA, V. tr., overcome, 


KuNO, adv., on this side, 


prevail, conquer, baffle, 


see GuNo. 


convince. 


KufiwA,U'. (Gunwa), 
KuNWA, j knock against. 


KuNDiGA, V. int., be in a 


beaten condition, be 


stumble. 


unable. 


TjiKuSwE, 71., toe. 


RuKuNDU,ln., bran-sick- 
TJiKuNDU,/ ness, mange. 


KuNYiRA, v., see Kwin- 


YIRA. 


KUNDURA,r.,«e60NDURA. 


KuPA, v., catch fish. 


ruKuSga, 71., hammer of a 


KUPURHWA, v., fall, 


gun. 


stumble. 


Kunoa, 1 v., (1) to cock 
Kungisa,/ a gun; (2) 


KuRA, v., (1) grow, in- 


increase, thrive, wax 


mend, repair. 


(of the moon) ; (2) clear 


KuNOE, cotij., if, unless. 


off grass. 


RuKuNGiso, 71., gnn trigger, 


RiKuRA, 71., old garden, or 


sometimes used oif the 


deserted site of village. 


hammer also. 


nKura, 71., rust. 



Kur 



( 312 ) 



Kwa 



KuRJB, adj. J far, distant, 
deep. 

KuREKURE, adj., very 
far, etc. 

KuRiDZA, v., cause or 
help to grow, to make 
great, to exaggerate. 
ziKURiDZAjbe proud. 

KuRiRA, v., overcome, 
defeat, conquer, baffle, 
succeed, prevail. 

KuKiSA, see Kuridza. 

iKuROKURO, n., throat, 
larynx, oesophagus ; 
hence applied to a pipe 
or hose. 

KuKU, adj., great, old, 
capacious, large. 

KuRUKURU, adj., very 
great, etc. 
BuKuRU, n., greatness, an- 
tiquity. 
mKuru, n., officer, head- 
man, leader; hence a 
male of animals. 
MKURU WANGU, el- 
der brother. 

BA-MB-KURU, the 

ancients, ancestors. 

KuRUMARA, V. tr., break 
up as a freshly made 
floor. 

KuRUMBiDZA, v., cause 
to honour, honour ex- 
ceedingly, revere. 

KuRUMBiRA, v., honour, 
praise, worship (c/. 
KURU, bira). 

KURUMIDZA, v., (1) do 

thoroughly'', quickly, 
eagerly; (2) to disturb; 
(3) confirm. 
ziKURUMiDZA, boast, 
be proud. 



KuRUMiGA,u ^r.,scarify 
KuRUSWA, v., be digni- 
fied. 
KuSHA, v., rub; seeKwi- 

ZHA. 

maKushero, 71., hide scrap- 
ings. 
iKusHO, 71., see iKuso. 
Kuso, v., see Kusha. 
MAKusi,1n., animal hair, 
BuKusi,! wool, bristles, 
fur, down of geese. 
iKuso, n. (Kusha), grind- 
stone. 
KUTJIDZIRA,1 V. (cf. Ku- 
KUTSIDZIRA, J NUDZIRA), 

replenish or stir up 
the fire. 
KuTSiRA, v., take part 
with. 
mKutu, n., red soil. 
KuTUNURA, v., take off 

clothes, undress. 
KuwA, v., set a going, 
make a beginning. 
KUWA MOTO = light 

a fire. 
KUWA MERE = raise 
an alarm, applaud. 
iKuwA, see iGuhwa. 
KuwADZA, v., see Kuba- 

DZA. 

KuYA, v., see Gwiya. 
mKuyu,\^ /.„ ^^^ 
nKuyu,)^*' ^^ *^^^- 
Kuzwa,i;.(Kuwa), cause 
to set in motion, make 
to move, drive away 
(flies or birds). 

KWABARIGA, V. (GWA- 

mbayira), crawl, creep 
of children and insects, 
cringe, go on hands 
and knees. 



Kwa 



( 313 ) 



£wi 



TjiKwABiRo, n. (tjiOobe- 


KwE, 71., see nGwb. 


uo), share, portion 


KwEBA, V. (pass., KWE- 


allotted. 


bhAj'Kwebhwa), drag. 


KwAciuKA, see Aguga. 


draw, pull, strain in 


RuKwAnrui, /I., see gw- 


pulling, attract, attract 


Ahuri). 


attention, draw water 


KwAKUGA, see Aguga. 


through a pipe, lead (a 


KwAMiRA, v., see Gwa- 


span of oxen or an ex- 


MIRA. 


pedition). 


iKwAMU, n., splinter, chip, 


KwEBERA, v., draw for, 


fragment of wood. 


look fixedly, as at a 


KwAMULA, j v., split 


distant object. 


KwAMURA, i wood, chop 


mKweberi, n., leader of 


firewood. 


span of oxen. 


KwANA, r., cut com. 


maKwedzi,w., small bushes. 


iKwAXA, n , fox, red lynx 


Kwekwemuga, v., be 


or caracal. 


glutinous. 


TJiKwANGWA, n., smallpox. 


KWENDAKWENDA,\ 


mKwanyina, n., comrade. 


Kwendisa, J 


iKwANZu,\n., chip (of 
TjiKwANZu,/ wood), bit. 


(Enda), prowl about 


KWENGA, v., scoop. 


piece, splinter. 


KwENYA, v., wave hand, 


KWANZURA, V. (KaNZU- 


beckon. 


ra), chop firewood. 


KwEPUGA, v., spring 


KwAPA, v., confiscate. 


back, rebound ; see 


maKwara, n., (1) path, 


Epuga. 


wagon track, (2) the 
grain of wood. 


KwBRA, v., see Kwira. 


KwESHA, see Kusha. 


KwARAi)ZUUA,i;.,scratch 


KwEZA, v., see Kwiza. 


with nails, glance off 


Kwi, adv., there ; see Ko. 


as a bullet. 


KwiDZA, v., to make 


(mKwara+dzura). 


great, honour ; .see 


TJlKWARI,") ^ v.V,««o«««. 
lKwARI,]^-'Ph^*^^- 


KUDZA. 

mKwidza, /I., a steep place, 


•KwASHA, v., see Gwa- 


sloping ground. 


8HA. 


iKwiHA, n., camelopard. 


KWASHIRANA, V. (GWA- 


KwiNGA, y., see Gwi- 


8HA), be around. 


INGA. 


mKwasIjTI., secretary bird. 


KwiNiRA, t\, germinate, 


iKwATi, 71., see gw-Ati. 


sprout. 


KWATURA, v., chop off, 


KwiNYA, V. tr., roll up, 


chip off, tear off 


fold up. 


KwAZilA, v., GWASHA. 


KwiNYiDZA,] v., reduce, 
KwiNYiRA, i shorten. 


iKwAzu, n., see iKwanzu. 



Kwi 



( 814 ) 



Lin 



KwiBA, v., (I) climb, rise, 
ascend ; (2) step up, 
copulate (of animals, 
birds). 

KWIRIWA MSORO, tO 

have headache. 
KwiRiDZA, V. tr., lift up. 
KwiRiGA, v., add to. 
KwiRiGANA, V.J be across 
one another. 

ZWIKUNI ZWI NO 
KWIRIGANA = the 

sticks are lying 
across one another. 
KwiRiGANYiSA, V., give 
over and above, add to 
again after having 
added something al- 
ready. 
KwiRiGiRA, v., add to 
on behalf of another. 
maKwiriri, 71., noise of 
snoring. 

MUNU UYO U NAMA- 

KWiRiRi = that 
person is snoring. 
maKwiriro, n., ladder. 

KwiYA, v., see Gwiya. 

KvrizHA,!?;. (Kusha), 

KwizA, J (1) rub, wesiY- 
ing away, as rubbing 
the fleshy side of a 
skin with a stone in 
order to remove scraps 
of flesh or fat, rub 
hard, clean knives, file 
away, shave ; (2) tease, 
irritate. 

iKwizira, v., rub for. 

NDI KWIZIRA BIZI 

= rub down the 
horse for me. 
Kwizi, 7?., river ; see GU- 
Izi. 



KwizANA, «., brook, 
stream ; see gu-Izana. 
iKwizu, 71., spring hare. 
KwoNEGWA, \v., see 

KWONERHWA,/ KONE- 
GWA. 



tjiLa, 71., see tji-Dya. 
La, v., see Dhla, Ra. 
Laha, v., see Rasha. 
mLala, n., palm tree. 
maLala, 71., peelings, rub- 
bish ; see maRara. 
uLalabungu, 71., rainbow. 
Lalila, v., sit, as hens. 
Lamnra, v. pass, of 
Lamija, refuse ; see 
Ramba. 
mLanda, n., slave ; .see 

M-RANDA. 

Laya, v., command, or- 
der ; see Raya. 
Lebelega, ?;., speak; see 

Reberega. 
tjiLebvu, 71., see tjiRebvu. 
iLema, 72. (tji-Rima), a 

fool. 
Ley A, V. (Reya), fence, 

fight. 
uLeza, 71. (uDedza), God 

(used by the Ba-leya 

and Ma-tjaiia). 
Li, see Ri (Loze). 
LiLA, V. (Rira), cry, 

squall. 
iLiNDA,7i. (iRiNDA),grave 

of the dead. 
maLindene, 71., "shades," 

"spirits" of the dead 

(not ghost = TJ-ERO, 

tji-banda). 



Lis 



( 315 ) 



Mam 



mLisana, h., boj', sou. 
LoBA, t\, hit, strike ; see 

ROBA. 

iLoNDA, 71., a sore ; see 

TJiRONDA. 

mLoyi, n., sorcerer, witch; 
see mRoyi. 
LuMA, v., sea Ruma. 

TJlLl'MBI, «., see TJiRUMBI. 

LU3IBIRA, v., see Rumbi- 

RA. 

nLungwa, n., cunning 
fellow, a sharper. 
Luwa, 71., plttr. of uNda. 



M 

M, pron. pers., (1) him, 
her ; (2) contracted for 
Mu; (3) one form of 
sing, prefix, i-dzi cl. of 
nouns ; see " Notes." 

Ma, (1) noun prefix^ Ri- 
MA cl., see "Notes"; 

(2) V. int. (IMA), stand, 
cease to go, stand up ; 

(3) Ma for mwa, past 
tense form of Mu ; (4) 
Ma, prep., by. 

ouMa, n., end of a thing, 
i.e. where it stands, 
going no further. 

GUM A OUTJITANDA 

=end of a pole. 
buMa, n., mist caused by 
the heat. 
iMaba, n., apron, the 
dress of unmarried 
girls. 
Madeko, In., after- 
Madbkwb,/ noon, even- 
ing. 



paMadzibo, »., see pa-ma- 

DZIBO. 

Mai, ??., also Amai, mo- 
ther, aunt, same in 
plur. In both numbers 
it takes a 7>/?/7'. 7>7'o- 
noun and prefix. 

Maibehomba, 7j., snail = 

mother of the shell. 

Note the plur. genitive 

particle yiAi-BK-HOiiB A. 

uMaisidi, n., blacksmith. 

iMaka, 71., matter, affair, 
dispute, strife. 

A NDI NEMAKA = Iam 

innocent (lit. not I 
with a matter). 
ita(na) maka, to 
cavil, argue, dis- 
pute, discuss, chat- 
ter. 
TONGA maka, judge. 
Makenye, ) n. (maka), 
Makei, / last year. 
Makenyura, 7?., year 

before last. 
iMakurb, n., cobra. 
iMalaje, 7?., a fight, bat- 
tle, scuffle. 
tjiMalimaduna (Teb.), t?., 
kind of beads, white 
with red stripe. 
Mama, r., go to stool. 
Mam ATA, v., ask for. 
mamata fodya = 
ask for snuff. 
iMamba, 7j. (Teb.), night 

adder. 
iMambarize, n., centi- 
pede. 
Mam BO, prop, n., djnas- 
tic name of the former 
kings of the Shuna 
people. Strictly, it is 



Mam 



( 316 ) 



Man 



not the equivalent of 
king or chief. 
Mameya, v. int., waddle. 
riMami, n., scorpion. 
dziMamo, n., whiskers. 
iMana, n., (1) troop of 
soldiers, division of 
impi; (2) brow (?) 
Gu Man A GU, prep., by the 
side of. 
Manadzira, v., persist 

in denial. 
Manaidza, v. (Nanga- 
nidza), take care of 
(sick person). 
iManda, /i., (1) the inside 
fat of meat; (2) con- 
tention, strife, anger. 
IT A MANDA, Start a 
debate, raise a 
quarrel. 
ruManda, 71., hedge, fence, 
esp. the outer fence 
of a village. 
iMandara, 71., girl. 
iMandawara, n., skin 

for dress. 
iMandi, 71. {or iManda), 
forked stick or support. 
iMando, 71., blade of asse- 
gai. 
iMandu, 71., wild fellow, 

madman. 
iMane, 71., see iMani. 
riManga, 71., (1) pumpkin ; 

(2) drought. 
tjiManga, 71., mealies. 
Mangisa, v., go quickly, 

run, cf. Manyisa. 
iMango, 71., hole in a tree, 
.see i-Bako. 
ruMangu, n. (ruBangu), 

sparrow-hawk. 
riMangura, 71., iron ore. 



Mangwana, n., (1) fore- 
noon, early in day; 
(2) to-morrow. 

Mangwanana, 71., very 
early morning, twi- 
light. 

Mani, conj., if. 
riMani, 71., open country, 
unoccupied land. 

Manigwa, v. int., be con- 
stipated. 

Manikana, v., be close 
together, confined, nar- 
row, small in space. 

Manikidza,\v., (1) to 

Manikira, / make nar- 
row, small in space, 
crowd together ; (2) 
crush, bruise by 
crowding. 
riManje, \7i., barrenness, 
riManshe, J bareness, 
sterility, baldness, 
u NEMANJE = he is 
bald, it is barren. 
muMansb, n., trumpet. 

Manugigwa, v., have the 
stitch in the side. 

Manumanu, 71., a sham, 
only in the phrase. 

ITA MANUMANU, act 

hypocritically. 
iManya, 71., wrinkle. 

ITA MANYA, wrinkle 
up. 
Manya, v. int., run, gal- 
lop, canter, hurry, run 
away. 
Manyadzisa, v. tr., pol- 
ish. 
Manyemnwb, adj., pre- 
cious. 

MANYA -h MNWE, 

there runs but one. 



Man 



( 317 ) 



MM 



TJiMANYICfANYEMBA, W., 


iMata, n., anus. 


firefly. 


tjiMata, 7^., small of tlie 


Manyisa, v. tr. (Maxya), 


. back. 


run very fast, rush, 


guMata, n., butt end of a 


cause to run, hurry. 


stalk or stick. 


iManza, )n. (i-Mazha), 


iMate, 71., saliva, spittle. 


iManzha, J (1) face, brow, 


bvira mate, ^ 


front of a thing; (2) 


PFIRA MATE, > 


luck. 


BVIXZA MATE,) 


Maonuika, r., eclio. 


dribble, expecto- 


iMapa, 71., hinder dress 


rate. 


of skins worn by men 


kaMato, 71., gnat. 


and girls. 


iMauri, 71., a deaf man. 


Mara, v. fr., break up as 


Mauro, adv., in the 


a freshly made floor ; 


evening. 


int., be rough of a sur- 


iMaza, > n. (Manzha), 
iMazha, ) (1) face, brow. 


face. 


iMara, n. (1) red buck. 


front of a thing; (2) 


rooibok ; (2) blade of a 


fortune, luck. 


knife. 


iMazi, 71., (i-Maza), (1) 


iMaradzano, n., junction 


courage ; (2) brave 


of roads or rivers. 


man. 


iMarapara, n., sable an- 


NEMAZi, courageous. 


telope. 


iMba, 7?.(i-numba), house. 


iMararaxo, 71., (1) sable 


dwelling, hut, shed. 


antelope ; (2) see Ma- 


IMBA YESHiRi, bird's 


ra dzano. 


nest. 


I Mare, 71., bowl, basin. 


' tjiMba, 71., puflf adder. 


kaMarkmbe, 7?., bat. 


Mba, v. tr., scoop out 


MarimSwe zuro, see 


ground, so making a 


Zhuro. 


hole. 


iMasase, 71., the evening 


MBALA,\r. int. (hanzu), 
Mbara,/ dress, decorate 


star. 


iMashabi, 71., ghost (hurt- 


the person. 


ful). 


Mbawa, 11., see m-Bawa. 


Mashoko ! see Shoko. 


Mbayo,) ^ ^ 
Mbayu,}*^^^'"'^- 


iMashu, n., locust, grass- 


hopper. 


tjiMbe, .see tjimBb. 


Mashure, see Shurb. 


Mbehebe, 71., see M-be- 


mMask; ATI, 7?., (1) midday. 


BEBE. 


noon ; (2) by day. 


paMberi pa, ) prep., be- 


iMas(h;ana, 71., young 


(JiMberiou, f fore, in 


man. 


paMbiri pa, I front of, 


Mata, v., plaster, daub. 


ouMbiri gu, ) ahead of. 



Mbi 



( 318 ) 



Met 



Mbishe,*) 

Mbisiii, ^see Bishe. 

iMbu, n., pit for corn 

under the kraal. 
Mbudhlu, adj., naked ; 

see BuDHLU. 
iMbuli, n., see mBuri, 
net for catching game 
or fish. 
Mbulo, adj., naked, 
empty. 
biiMbulo, n., nakedness, 
emptiness. 
Mburi, see m-Buri. 
Mbvabva, 71., see M-bva- 

BVA. 

Mdanga, prep., within, 

for MU-DANGA. 

Mebura, v., break off a 
piece. 
tjiMedu, n. (Tji-pemu), re- 
mainder, a fragment, 
piece or part broken off. 

Meduga, v. (Pemuga), 
broken, broken off, de- 
crease. 

Medza, v., swallow. 
baMekuru, n. (KuRu), the 
ancients, ancestors. 

iMemba, n.j pinch of 
snuff. 

I Mem BE, n., gun-barrel. 

iMembhe, 71., duyker. 

Memenudza, v. (meme- 
nudza ndima), make 
a division in a garden. 

iMemhye, 71., skin worn 
in front by men. 

iMene, 71., steinbuck. 

Menega, v., come off, as 
hair. 



iMfiNGO, 71. (Pbnga), dis- 
orderliness, wildness, 
madness. 

nemengo, crazy, 
turbulent, dis- 
orderly. 
iMeni, 71., lightning. 
Meno, (1) 71., pi. of ZiNO, 
teeth; (2) adv., per- 
haps. 
Menya, v., peel, pare, 
shell beans, cast skin, 
change coats. 
ruMenyo, 71., small black 
ants. 
iMbpo, 71., a gale, storm, 
tempest, squall, cold, 
drought. 
Mera, v., germinate, 
comeupof seeds,teethe, 
break out in sores. 
maMera, n. (Mira), barm, 
malt. 
iMere, 71., the noise of 
loud talking, crying 
for dead, alarm. 
imeremere, noise, 
din, uproar, tu- 
mult. 
nemeremere, boist- 
erous, noisy. 
BURA mere, ) raise 
iTA MERE, > an 
RiDZA MERE, ) alarm. 
iMesi, 71., hysena, a pim- 
ple. 
Meso, 71., plur. of Ziso, 
eyes. 
riMesomeso, 71., sympathy. 
iMeswi, 71., tsetse fly. 
Met A, v., to comb. 
iMetu, 77., a comb. 
iMeta, 71., charm. 
iMetje, 11., anus. 



Meu 



( 319 ) 



Hir 



tjiMeu, see tji-pemt. 

MeZA, v. {Cf. KUDUMEZA 

of Teb.), be warm, hot. 
Mezha, v. tr., sow. 
iMezi, 11. (mizi), scabies, 
the itch. 
iTA MEZi, to break 
out in sores, of 
scabies. 

MlH'MPU, adj. (KUMPU), 

green ; cf. Bvimbu. 
riMhe, n. (ui-bhe), sweet 

reed, sugar cane. 
tjiMhramanga, n. (tji- 
MBHA manga), wild cat. 
huMha, n. (hu-bha), bat- 
tle-axe. 
Mi, plur. prefix; .fee 
" Notes " under Nouns. 
iMiJiMiji, «., a slight 

shower of rain. 
MiLA, t'., disappear. 
TjiMiLO, n., snout. 
iMiMBA, «., stomach. 

r NEMIMBA, be with 

child, be i)regnant. 

MiMiNA, t\, strain (as 

beer), pour off leaving 

sediment, drain off the 

last drop. 

MiMNWEMBIRI = MI 

mSwb mi-biri = two 
fingers ; in the phrase 

(iU 8WIYA Ml.MNWE- 

BiRi = there lacks two 

fingers (of the ten)= 

eight. 
MixAMA, y., stoop, walk, 

bent, 
MiNYA, v., swallow. 
MiNvuoA, r. iVi/., be 

sprained. 
3I1NYIJKA, r. tr., sprain, 

wrench, wring. 



iMiNzo, «., edge of asse- 
gai blade. 

MiRA, (1) V. int. (ma), 
stand, cease to go, stand 
up; (2) V. fi\, stand 
for, stand up to, repre- 
sent; (3) V. tr., set up, 
erect, settle, establish. 

MOYO U NO MIRA, 

(1) (my) heart 
stands, i.e. in 
loathing, doubt, 
alarm. (2) (my) 
heart stands up 
to, i.e. rises to an 
occasion, is brave. 

MlRA NENGA, mOUlt, 

change coats of 
horses, etc., drive 
away birds. 
GuMiRA, n., state of 
things, condition, hab- 
it, practice, manner, 
form, shape, the end. 
MiRAMiRA, f., stand 

about, hang about. 
iMiRi, 71., see i-MiRiMiRi. 
GuMiRi v.\...Aprep.^ be- 
paMiri pa...,/ yond, on 
that side of. 
MiRiDZA, V. tr., cause or 
help to get up, cause 
or help to depart, stop, 
raise, lift, hoist, clear 
aw^ay, remove. 
iMiRiMiRi, n., see iPiri- 

PIRI. 

MiRiGA, V. int., stand up, 
get up from sitting, 
start, get away, depart, 
fly about as dust {i.e. 
it rises). 

MiRiRA, r., stand up for, 
represent 



Mir 



( 320 ) 



Miiw 



TjiMiRO, VI., nostril. 

MiRUDZA, see Miridza. 
MiRUGA, v., see Miriga. 
Mis A, V. tr.^ raise, set up 
(as a pole), pitch a 
tent, appoint. 
misa moyo, to dis- 
gust (= cause dis- 
gust). 
BuMnvA, 7j., see bumiWa, 
prickles. 
MiYEBUDZA, v., remind. 
MiYEBURA, v., recollect. 
iMizHA, n., carpenter, 

blacksmith. 
iMizi, n. (iMezi), itch, 

scabies. 
Mkati ma, prep. {v. Ka- 
Ti), inside, amidst, 
among, into, middle. 
zoMKATi, o£Pal. 
Mnra, v.^ see Mnwa. 
MiJRAiGA, V. int. (Mnra- 
ya), fly off as sparks, 
scatter, etc. 
Mnraigira, v., fly off, 
scatter for,down, about. 
Mnrandu, n., see mnr- 
Andu. 
tjiMnrau, \w., see tji- 
tjiMnrauri,/ Mnwau. 
Mnrauga, v.int, Mnwa- 

UGA. 

Mnraya, V, tr., to sprin- 
kle, hence spill, scat- 
ter, waste. 
kaMnremnwbremnwb,|^ 
kaMrengwa, / '' 

bat ; see ka-m-Re- 

MNWEREMfJWE. 

Mnridza, v. int., whistle. 
Mnwa, v., drink, suck, 

absorb, milk into the 

mouth. 



MnwamSwaidza,'\ 
Mnwamnwaza, / *' 
sprinkle. 

Mnwando, n., see mnw- 
Ando. 
tjiMnwau, n., fragment, 
piece broken off. 

Mnwauga, v. int. (Mn- 
rauga), break off, 
wane (of the moon), 
break out in sores as a 
skin eruption, fester. 

Mnwaugira, v. int., 
break off for, spread of 
a sore. 

MiJ^WAURA, V. tr., chip 
off, break off, tear off, 
tear into pieces. 

MNWAYA,?;.,see Mnraya. 

Mnwaza, adv., on pur- 
pose, intentionally, 
wilfully. 

MIfWE, adj., one, other, 
another, some one. 

BAMNWE NABAMNWE, 

one by one. 
muMnwe, 71., see mu-]N^we, 

finger. 
iMnwene, 7?., stranger. 
Mnwepfura, v., chip. 

lit. strike one (bit off). 
iMnwere, n., bat. 
mMnwesi, n., day after 

to-morrow ; lit. one 

day (mnwe-si). 
MfJwETA, v., cut (grass). 
Mnweya, see mnwEya. 
iMnwishu, n., bran. 
Mnwi.sa, v. (Mnwa), give 

to drink, give tlie 

breast, nurse a child, 

irrigate. 



Mnw 



( 321 ) 



Mor 



MNW ISA MBUTANA = 

let a calf (out of 
the kraal that it 
maj') suck. 

Mnwisi, n., see mnwIsi. 

Mo, adv., cf. Po, there. 

MoAMBA MA, \prep.y 

MOATSAMHA MA,jbeloW, 

under (Tsamba mba). 

MoDZi, see muDzi. 

MoFU, (l)rt6?/.,dun colour, 
buff ; (2), n.; see m-Ofu, 
eland. 
TjiMoHA, 71., epilepsy. 

MoHWE, adj. (and Mo- 
il yb), left (side). 
RuMoHWE, 71., the left side 
or left hand. 

iMouwE, n., left-handed 
person. 

iMOMBO, \n. (POMBORA 
iMOMHRB,/ PoMHRA), 

adulterer, harlot. 
MoMBORA, I?., see Po- 

MBORA. 

iMoMi, 77., bloom, flower. 

MoMO, adv., within. 

MoMODA,^ v., (1) stir up 

M03I0NA,/ or round and 
round ; reduplicated 
for emphasis, see MoN a; 
(2) fester, eat away as 
an ulcer, break out in 
sores (here also a 
notion of round- 
ness). 

MoxA, V. int., to take a 
round or circular po- 
sition or condition, to 
coil up as a .snake, to 
twiiit, wind, l^end as a 
river or road, to stir 
round and round as in 
stirring a pot. 



iMoNDA, n., stump of a 
limb or tree 

iMoxDORO, 77., lion. 

iMoNE, 77. (mona), a blis- 
ter, a sore. 
MoNERA, } V. int. (mo- 
Moxereua, S na). be 
round for, clinj;, climb 
of plants, coil, twine, 
wind about. 

MOXEREDZA, V. tv., tum 

round and round, make 
a circle, turn (a handle 
as of a mill, or a 
wagon-brake). 

TJiMONERERE, 77., circle. 

iMoNGO, 77,, (1) marrow, 
pith ; (2) cramp, i.e. as 
issupposedan affection 
of the marrow. 
iMoNi, 77., see i-Mone. 
iMoNKO, 77., see i-Moxc.o. 
Moxoxga, v. tr.j pain, 
with a cramp - like 
screwing pain. 
MoxoxoGA, v., creep as 

snakes. 
MoNORA, v., chafe. 
MoNYERA, V. tr.^ screw 
in. 

M0XY0R0RA,'lf'. 171^, to 

MoxYOYORA,/ turn 
round and round, like 
a top or a mill handle, 
.screw in or out. 

MoxYUXURA, r., un- 
screw. 
iMopo, n., (1) pimple, 
wart ; (2) cheek bone. 

IMOPOMA, 77. (BOPOMA), 

cataract, waterfall. 
Mora, 7\, (I) take honey ; 

(2) bruise. 
iMoRA, 71., beeswax. 

Y 



Mor 



( 322 ) 



Mut 



RuMoRA, n., (1) sting of 

bee; (2) trigger of a 

gun. 

iMosHB, n„ see i-Mohwe. 

iMosA, ) 71., some affair 

iMoswA, ) between men, 

matter, case. 

A NDI NEMOSWA, I 

am innocent. 

PARA IMOSWA, sin, 

blunder. 

ITANA MOSWA, be 

cross with one an- 
other. 
RiMoTA, n. (M-ota), ab- 
scess. 
kaMoti, n., a rod, stick. 
MoTO, n., see mOto. 
iMou,w., (l)cow or heifer; 

(2) ostrich. 
iMowA, n., kind of wild 

spinach. 
MoYO, 71., see M-oyo. 
Mpimbiri, adj., brown. 
kaMrengwe, n., bat, see 
Kam-Ebngwe. 
MsHURE, see Shurb. 
tjiMsoro,| ^^^^^Sq^q 
guMsoro,/ 

kaMtawa I SWA, 71., quail. 
Mtapira,#., hum. 

Mtjene, J ' 
Mu, (1) prefix sing, of 
two classes of nouns, 
MU-BA, MU - MI, see 
" Notes ; " (2) pers. 
pron., ye, you; (3) 
prep., into, in, to, at, 
by, from. 
BuMu, 71., head ornament of 

married women. 
MuMuDZO, 71., reward. 
jMuDZi, 71., bloom, flower. 



RuMuDzr, n., see. mu-Bzi, 
runner of pumpkin. 
Muga, v. int., arise, get 
up, awake, revive from 
fainting, recover 

health, start up of 
game. 
iMuKA, n., an antelope, 
generally a head of 
game. 

ITA RUTB GWBMUKA 

= encircle game. 

MUKA I NO BITDB = 

to bleed from the 
nose. 
iMuME, n., wild dog. 
iMuMUWA, n., water buck. 
MuNA, prep, for mu, q.v. 
TJiMuNDA, 71. (muNda), a 
small garden. 
MuNDHWA, v., be thick, 
luxuriant of vegeta- 
tion. 
MuNB, prep, for mu, q.v. 
iMuNGA, n., underground 

bee. 
iMuNGUGWB, n., see mu- 
Ngugwe. 
kaMungwb, n., squall of 
wind. 
MuNiGA, V. int., light, 

illuminate. 
MuNYU, adj., brackish; 
see mu-Nyu = salt. 

IMURU,| ^^if 
RiMURU, j ' 

MuRUGA, v., see Muga, 

MiRIGA. 

MusA, v., see Mutsa. 
TJiMusnA, 7?,. (dim. of mu- 
Sha), small town, vil- 
lage. 
MuTA, V. int., wake. 
iMu-yB, n., see iButb. 



Mut 



( 823 ) 



Nak 



MuTSA, V. tr.^ rouse, 


i^A, n., chap, crack in 


awake, incite. 


the skin. 


MUTSA MOYO, COm- 


KANa, adv., four times. 


fort, encourage. 


iNaba, 11., sack. 


iMuzi, n., curl of hair of 


riNabha, n., slave. 


head. 


iNabi, n. (Tabi), branch. 


MAMvEMVE,n.(MA-BVEBVE), 


bough. 


rags. 


Nabira, v., see Dabira. 


RiMvi. ?i., grey hairs. 


Nabuhongola, adj. 


MvuMBi, rt.,«eeM-VuMBi, 


(Hongola), 6erce. 


puff adder. 


iNAFiT,n., gluttony, greed 


MvuRA, n., see m-Vura, 


of food. 


water, rain. 


iNaGA, 71., C/. MU-AKA, 


TJiMwANGO, n., shovel. 


spring time. 




Nagisa, v., see Nakisa. 




Nagurira, v. tr., push 


N 


violently away, thrust 


away, toss as cattle. 




iNagwa, n., boy's hut. 


N (1) pers. pron., him, 


single man's hut. 


for M; (2) prejkc for 


Nai, adv., so much. 


i-DZi class of nouns; 


WA NDI PA ZWA KA 


J9ee" Notes." 


NAI = he gave me 


Na (1) V. tnt.,rskm', make 


so much. 


wet, soak. 


tjiXai, n., soot. 


(2) adj., four. 


Naima, v., be brilliant ; 


(8) adv., perhaps, 


sparkle. 


probably. 


iNaima, n. (i-NEMA), rhi- 


(4) conj., and, also. 


noceros. 


(5) prep., at, about, 
of, by, on account 


MAN Aiff Ai, n., barren coun- 


try. 


of. concerning ; 


tjiNainai, n., fire-fly. 


with (supplying 


^Taizo, adv., therefore. 


the place of the 


Nak A, (1) V. int., be nice, 


rcrft" to have"). 


neat, sweet, beautiful. 


A NDI N KB AX A = I 


pleasant, pure, chaste. 


have no children. 


grand ; (2) adv., gradu- 


BANA,n,(/>/Mr.ofMSwANA), 


ally. 


children, fruit, flowers. 


iNaka, v., estate of a 


produce. 


deceased person, in- 


kaNa, n., little children, 


heritance. 


young of animals. 


WA KA I)VAINAKA = 


KANA KRHirKir = a 


ho inherited the 


little chicken. 


estate. 



Nak 



( 324 ) 



Nan 



Nakira, t;., be agreeable 

to, be pleasant for. 
Nakisa, I V. make nice, 
NakisisaJ beautiful; 
be ccstl}^, very dear, 
very beautiful. 

z\vi NO NAKISISA GU 
KWIKA MBISI = it 

is very pleasant to 

ride horseback. 

riNako, 71., woman's dress. 

guNako, ?i., butt end of 

grass. 

Nako, conj. pron. ( = na 

+ KO), with it. 
Nakoko, adv., see Koko, 

on that side. 
iNakura, n., see m-Ta- 

KURA, boiled corn. 
NAM A, v., plaster, daub, 
smear. 

NAMA HARI = daub 

the pot = smear 
round the lid to 
prevent the escape 
of steam. 
Namabhye, adj. (ma- 

Bhye), stony. 
Namasimba, adj. (Sim- 
ba), industrious, strong. 
Namata, v., pray. 
Namatidza, v. tr., cause 
to touch, cause to 
adhere, stick as with 
gum. 
Namatira, v. int., (1) 
touch, adhere to; (2) 
intercede, pray for. 
mNamba, n., buttermilk, 
food mixed with milk, 
milk soup. 
iNambo, n., distance. 
Nambuga, v. (namuga), 
be glutinous, sticky. 



NAMBUGWI,| CK^V., C07?J., 

Nambuzwi, J because, 

since. 
Namgwerb, acO'.(=NA 4- 

mgwere), unhealthy. 
Namiga, v. tr., plaster, 

daub, foment, poultice. 
Namnwa, v. jjass. of 

NAMA. 

tjiNamnwe, 71., see Nam- 

WE. 

iNamo, n. (nama) (1) 
honej' comb, beeswax ; 
(2) a gum exuding 
from the bark of cer- 
tain trees. 
Nampuga, v., to make a 
loud, sharp sound as 
in cracking a whip. 
Namsa, v., see Nanzwa. 
Namsira, v. tr., stretch. 
namsira rurimi = 
put out the tongue. 
iNamu, 71., sorrow, dis- 
tress, trouble (inawu). 
nda bone namu=I 
am afflicted. 
Namuga, v., see Nam- 
puga. 
MuN am we, 71., pot clay, mud. 
Namza, v., see Nanzwa. 
Nana, v., grin. 
iNana, n.iplur. maTana), 
rounded hill. 
tjiNana, 71., tobacco pipe. 
Nanaira, I see Nanga- 

NaNAYIRA,/ IRA. 

maI^^ainai, 71., barren coun- 
try, desert. 

Nanaidza, ^.9eeNANGA- 

NANANIDZAjJ nidza. 

Nanatu, adj., six (0). 

Nandiwe, ahoy! (=na- 
ndiwe). 



Kan 



( 325 ) 



Hda 



iNanoa, w., small slice of 
meat. 
muNaxoa, )n., thick bush, 
TJiNAN(iA,'esp. thorn bush, 
forest, wood. 
riNanoa, /!., see riDanga, 
pumpkin. 
i5^ANOA, 71., doctor of 
medicine. In some 
Bantu languages it is 
n-Gaxga. 
BU^^ANGA, n., poverty. 
Naxoaira, v. int., go 
stooping,bowed,slowly, 
to totter, be convales- 
cent, walk leaning on 
a stick. The full form 
is Nanoanira. 
Nanganidza, v. tr. (1) 
help to go stooping, 
nurse the sick, support, 
push gently, helping 
along, hence, be care- 
ful, and mentally to 
remember or to re- 
mind ; (2) look, stare, 
examine into, look 
evilly at a man. Look- 
ing into is the main 
idea, as of a pouring 
the eyesight or atten- 
tion into; hence the 
word is sometimes 
used of " pouring in- 
to " of water, grain. 
Nangatidza, r. tr., light 
(a candle or torch), 
illuminate. 
NAN(5ATiRA,t>., be alight, 
be alive, be lively', 
earnest. 
riNango,^ 71., small piece 
kiNangf, ) of meat 
kiNanowenanowb, 71., a 



stretch of open veldt; 
hence distance, cf. ri- 
Dangwe. 
Nan I, pron.j by whom 

( = NA + ANi). 

Nanidz AN A, r., exchange. 
Naniwa, v., be fine, not 

coarse. 
Nanya, see Nyanya. 
Nanza, ) ,. , 
Nanzwa,]"'^'^*^- 
Nariga, t?., break law. 
iNaro, see i-Daro. 
Naro, see Daro. 
Nasa, r., must not. 
Nasi, adv., to-day. 
Nasija, see NaTsidza. 
Nata, v., reduce a 

swelling. 
iNata, v., a flea. 
Natsidza, v. ^7*., arrange, 

adjust, smooth, pre- 
pare, correct, rectify, 

mend. 
mNatsu, ?i., nipple of the 

breast. 
NATO, adj., three. 
iNawu, 71., news, report, 

story. 

ITANA NAWir, dis- 
cuss, quarrel. 
Naya, v. int.j recover, 

revive. 
Nayidza, v., heal. 
Nazwa, see Nanzwa. 
Nda, past tense form of 

the pers. proii. Ndi. 
uNda, phir. LirwA, | 
muNda, pliir. MiNDA,/ •♦ 

garden, field. 

";;NnA;}"-»<««"NDAZA. 

riNdarira, \n., brass or 
muNdarira,/ copper. In 



Nda 



( 32G ) 



Nel 



pliir. Mi-NDARiRA and 
MA-NDARIRA armlets, 
bracelets. Properly 

MUNDARIRA MTJENA = 

brass. 
M aNdawara, w., skins used 
for wearing apparel. 
i-Ndaza,\?^-j line, rank, 
ru-Ndaza,j train of 
people, a strip of cali- 
co. 

ITA rundaza, stand 
in line. 
mNdende, n. (mDende), 
bunch of beads. 
Ndi (1) pers. pron., I, me. 
In some parts of the 
country the N is 
dropped, and di only 
is heard; (2) cop. part. 
NDiMi, it is I. 
NDiSHB, it is the 
chief. 
tjiNdigwana, 71., trough, 
basin, bowl. 
NdIKO (1) = NDI-KD, it is 

it ; (2) C071J., and then. 

BATAI NDlKO MU DYA, 

work, and then eat. 

Ndiyani, see Ani. 

Ndi-zo, 'ip7'07i. + cop., 

Ndizozo, j these are 
they, it is they, (dzi, 
zwi). 

Ndo (1) pron. for Ndi 
no; (2) a form of the 
aux. ENDA, expressive 
of progression, con- 
tinuance. 

NDO NDO BATE HOBE 
= NDI NO (e)NDA 

(g)u bate H0BE = 
I am going to 
catch fish. 



Ndozwa, adv., because, 

on that account. 
Nduricia, v., squint. 
Ndurira, v. tr., sting. 
Ne, see Na. 
iNebhye, h., .see iDebhye, 

skin blanket. 
Nebusugwa, ailj. (bu- 
sugwa), drunken, in- 
toxicated. 
Nedaro, adj. (Daro), 
contentious, much to 
say. 
Nedobo, adj. (iDoBO), 

swift. 
Nedomba, adj. (iDombo), 
dirty. 
tjiNedu, n. (tji-Pemu), a 
piece, a bit. 
Nedzenye, adj. (iDze- 

nye), angry, fierce. 
Nedzimba, adj. (Dzim- 

ba), painful. 
Negama, adj. (i-Gama). 

cruel, savage. 
Negodo, adj. (iGoDo), 

cruel, savage. 
Negohu, adj. (i-GoHu), 

famous. 
Nehasha, adj. (iHash a), 
irritable, angry, quar- 
relsome, cruel. 
Nehope, a^j. (iHope), 

sleepy. 
Nehosha, adj. (iHosha), 

unhealthy. 
iNehwe, n., see i-Debhe. 
Nei=na + ini (n being 
elided) = with what, by 
what, for what. 

A zwi nei = there is 
nothing. 
Nekoko, adv., therefore. 
iNele, ??., see i-Nere. 



Nem 



( 327 ) 



Net 



iNema, 71., false report, 
false accusation, lie. 
u NEN'EMA = that 
is not so ; or, you 
are a liar. 
Nem A, v.{ 1) speak falsely, 
backbite ; (2) joke, play, 
be comic. 
iNema, 71., black rhino- 
ceros. 
Nem A, adj., black, dark 

blue. 
Nemaguhwa, adj. (ma- 
GuHWA), lying, pre- 
varicating, false. 
I'-Nemange, m., wild cat. 
iNemba, 71., a pinch of 

snufi*. 
Nembayu, adj. (Bayu), 

quarrelsome. 
iNembe, n., skin dress 
worn by women. 

NEMBEKEKA,V.2;i^,SWay 

to and fro, to swing. 

Nemekana, v. (Nema), 
(1) backbite one an- 
other; (2) joke one 
another. 

NEMEUEMEUE,a<// ,noisy. 

NEMIMBA,a</;. (l-MlMBA). 

pregnant. 
Nemkowa, adj. (iKowa), 

merciful, kind. 
iNemo, n., nee iDemo. 
tjiNamu, 1}. (tjiPemu), a 

bit, a piece. 
tjiNena, n., bladder. 

Nendega, v., be pass- 
able. 

NZIRA lYI A I NEN- 

DFAiA — this i)ath 
is impassable. 
Nenema, adj. (Nema), 
untrue. 



iNenga, 71., feather. 
mNesga, 71., wing feather, 
quill of the feather. 
maNenga, 7?., down. 
muNexga, J 71., a musical 
ruNenga, ) instrument. 
iNengo, 7i., price of aii 

article, a bargain. 
Nenigwi, adj. (Nigwi), 

have hiccough. 
iNenjaxa, n., calf. 
Nenjere, adj. (nJere), 

crafty, cunning. 
iNbxkere, 71., bloom J 

flower. 
Nexzara, adj. (inZara), 

hungrj'. 
Nexumbu, adj. (Numbu), 
pregnant, gluttonous. 
Nexyaya, adj.^ cantank- 
erous. 
Nepexgo, adj, turbulentj 

mad. 
Nepfixipfixi, adj., hast- 
ily done, badly done. 
iNera, 7i., anvil. 
iNere, n., skin dress of 
women and girls. The 
Baloze apply the term 
to the skins worn by 
men also. 
iNerera, 71., orphan. 
NESHUXOU,a6(;.j anxious, 

angry. 
Nesimba, adj. (Simba), 

strong. 
iNeswi, n. {cf: n-Teswi), . 

end of cord or stick. 
Neswina, a</j., dirty. 
Net A, r., be annoyed, 
worried, exliausted, 
tired. 
iNi-rrK, n., see i-Tema, 
palsy. 



Net 



( 328 ) 



Ngu 



Netema, adj. (Tema), 


in the ground, shaky, 


palsied. 


slack, infirm. 


Netjbnye, adj.^ cruel. 


Nganugisa, t; Jr., loosen, 


Netjilumbi, adj. (Lu- 


slacken. 


MBi), famous. 


Ngapa, adv., so much, so 


Netjirimi (RiMi), {lit. 


great, so many, so 


with a little tongue) = 


high. 


to stammer, e.g. u net- 


ZWIYO ZWI Rl ZWIN- 


jirimi = he stammers. 


GAPA = the corn 


Netjiya, adj.^ noisy, 


was so high. 


loud. 


NoAPANANA, adv., SO 


maNeto, n. (Neta), worry. 


small, so few. 


fatigue. 


Ngapani, adv., how 


Nets a, v. tr.^ annoy, 


great, how much, how 


bother, worry. 


many. 


Netsamnra, adj.^ un- 


BANU BANGAPANI= 


clean. 


how many people. 


Netsbga, v., have care, 


Ngazi, see Gazi. 


annoyance, trouble. 


Ngenu, adv. (kuNo), on 


worry. 


this side. 


Nezhoba, adj. (iZhoba), 


muNgisi,?!., English people. 


noisy. 


Ngo, (1) prefix (hongu, 


muNga, ?i., a small grain, 


NGU, NGUNU), express- 


something like canary 


ing nakedness, empti- 


seed in shape and size, 


ness ; U NO NGO famba 


greenish in colour. 


= he is naked ; (2) aux. 


used for food. 


v., expressing hesita- 


"'ai-'^-^"-^- 


tion, doubt. 
Ngoba, conj., for. 


Nga, (1) V. int. (nka). 


iNgobe, )7i., hook, esp. a 
i;D\[gobo,j fish-hook, an 


sound as a swarm of 


bees, or roaring of 


arrow, (a rake). 


a river ; (2) aux. v., 


ifsTGOBORA, v., to hook. 


sign of the potential 


nNgoboro, n., see Ngobo. 


mood, e.g. A nga rare 


Ngomha, see nGomha. 


=he might sleep; see 


iNgondo, n., war song. 


"Notes." 


maNgondo, ri., waterfall. 


tjiNgai, ?i., see tji-Nyai, 


rapids. 


soot. 


iNgonono, n., a snore. 


NGANA,\acZv.,howmany, 
Ngani, / how much. 


u nengonono, he is 


snoring. 


Nganidza, see Nanga- 


Ngonwa, see mGonwa. 


NIDZA. 


iNgoo, .see iNgobo. 


Nganuga, v., be loose 


Ngu, see Ngo. 



Ngru 



( 329 ) 



Sb 



NOUBENlTjrtJt'. (GUBENU), 

at once, now. 
Ngudza, v. tr., wash 
clothes, dishes. 

muNgug WE, [ n., jackal. 

MUNCIUHWB,) 

iNgululu, n,, see I-Ngu- 

RURU. 

Nguna, v. int. (Ngwina), 
enter. 

NGUNA MLHANZU, 

get into clothes, 
clothe oneself. 
Ngunidza, v. tr.^ admit. 
NouNU, see Ngo. 
Ngura, v. int., bathe, 
wash (oneself). 
tjiNgura, 71., patch for a 
garment. 
iNgururu, 71., wild cat. 
TjiN(;wA, 71., bread. 
Ngwi.n'a, see Nguna. 
Ngwinidza, see Ngu- 

_ NIDZA. 

riXhai, 71., a poor man. 
Ni (1) pron. int., see Ini, 
what, which ; (2) v. 
irreg.j think, say, sus- 
pect, suppose, mean. 
MuNi, n., corpse, carcase. 
iNiBi, 71., shield. 
NiBUGA, v., be startled, 

afraid. 
Nig A, v., to spread clothes 
to dry or air, spread 
reports. 
mNiqwi, ) 

iNiowi, > «., hiccough. 
MUNlGWI, ) 

u NEXiGWi, ho has 
the hiccough. 

RUNlKWANIKWA, 71., pit of 

the stomach. 



Nina, v., wave to and 
fro, drive away flies. 

NiNi, aclv. (RiNi), when. 
RiNiNDi, n., big slice or 
piece of meat. 

NiXDURiGA, v., see Ndu- 
RiGA, squint. 

NiNGixiGi, ailj. (a) cer- 
tain (one), what d'ye 
call it. 

NiNGiTiDZA, V. tr., di- 
minish. 

mNiNINA, 71., M-NuSUNA. 

NiN YEREDZA, V. ti'., tcase. 

TJiNiRE, ) 

iNiRE, > 71., spring hare. 

iNlRIRE, ) 

NiSA, V. tr.^ (Na), soak. 
NiwA, V. (NwA, Mnwa), 

be wet, drenched. 
iNiwi, 7^, brira. 
NiYA, v., to stool. 
iNiYO, n., (1) gluttony; 
(2) the anus. 

NENIY 

ously. 
Njara, n., see nZara. 
Njene, conj., if. 
Njere, see nJere. 
uNji, see muDzi. 
iNji, see ixJi. 
Njina, v., see Nguna. 
Njinisa \v. tr., admit, 
NjunisaJ bring in. 
Nka, aux. verb, see nga 
may, might. 
(m)uNkoror(), 71., child. 
ruNo, v., rapidity, speed. 
ITA RUNG, be quick, 
run, be in earnest. 
NORUNO, swift. 
muNo, 11., nostril ; in plur. 
(MiNo), snout, nose. 
ziNo, n. {plur. mbno), 
tooth, fang. 



No 



( 330 ) 



Nor 



BuNo, n., nearness, propin- 
quity. 

GUXO, on this side. 
NOBUNO, by the side, 
on this side. 
No, (1) sign of the present 
tense, and re-dupli- 
cated (no no) of the 
future. This future 
re-duplication is often 
contracted, no no=no 
o=NO; (2) adv., here. 
RiNoBO, n., (1) sleeping 
mat; (2) shield. 
iNoBORO, n.,see iDoboro. 
NoBUNO, adv., on this 

side. 
NoBUSiMBE, adj. (Simbe). 
sulky, unwilling, idle. 

NOBUTJENYB, adj. (TjEN- 

ye), fierce, cruel. 
NoGA, see Nonoga. 
TJiNoGORO, n., basket. 
iNoGWE, n., rush, reed. 
NoiRA, v., loathe food, 
nauseate. 
GuNoKO, adv., on that side ; 

also GUNE-HUKO. 

NoMBA, v., to roar as a 
lion. 

iNoMBA, n., desire, e.g. 
INOMBA YENYAMA= de- 
sire for meat. 

iNoMBANA, n. (iNumba), 
small pox. 

iNoMBE, n., see iNumbe. 

i]S[0MBE, ?i., a head of 
cattle, beast. 

INOMBEHADZI, COW. 
INOMBE 1 NO BUDA = 

bleed from the 
nose. 
NoMNWAZA, see Mnwa- 

ZA. 



NoMNWE, adj., seven. 
NoMSHOKO, adj. (Shoko), 

swift. 
iNona, see iDona. 
iNoNDO, n., sassaby. 
iNoNDORO, n., small dove 
with short legs and 
black patches round 
the eyes. 
NONGA, v., collect, pick 
up from the ground, 
find, discover. 
NONGEDZA, v., beckon. 

NONGEDZERA, V., point 

out. 
iNONGO n., (1) a slaugh- 
ter goat ; (2) ground 
nuts. 
iNoNGOMA, n., crown of 
the head. 

NONGORA, v., strip off (as 
mealies from the cob), 
pick the teeth. 

NoMisA, V. tr. (Nonwa), 
smelt ore. 

NoNOBARA, v., walk 
bowed down. 

NoNOGA, v., be slow, de- 
lay, loiter, be late, be 
dignified. 

NoNONA, v., pick (the 
teeth). 

NoNUSHEKA, v., grumble. 

NoNWA, v., take snuff, 
smoke hemp or to- 
bacco. 
BuNoNWE,) n., swamp, 
HuNoNWE,) mud. 

NoONGA, v., roar of rush- 
ing water. 

iNoRE, n., see iNere. 

iNoRO, 77., koodoo. 

NoRUBiRO, adj. (BiRo), 
swift. 



Nor 



( 331 ) 



Nun 



NoRUDHLi, adj. (Dhli), 


MUNU GWAYE, a Cer- 


right-sided. 


tain person. 


NoKUDZiiio,a<//. (DziBO), 


MUNU WAKGU, youn- 


pitiful, kind. 


ger brother. 


NORUMOHWE, adj. (MOH- 


TJiNu,) w., (1) a thing, any- 
iNu,/ thing, something; 


wb), left sided. 


NoRUNo, adj. (No), 


(2)stabbing pain inside. 


swift. 


TjiNU properly means 


Nor UN Y A, a</y., cruel. 


a little thing, Tji being 


Nosh A, v., poke. 


a diminutive prefix ; 


iNozo, ?i., spoor, track. 


hence Tjinu tjomuti 


mNrambabvu, 71., see mu- 


= a berry. 


Ambabvu. 


A TJI NETjiNU, be 


mNraxa, n., see mu-Ana. 


empty {lit. not it 


mNrandu, >n., see mu- 
mNrando, } Andu. 


with a little thing). 


A zwi NENU= there 


mXrizhu, n., see muIzhu. 


is nothing. 


RuNsiiE, n., tinder. 


iNuDA, ?i,, mouse. 


Nsi, see nSi . 


MuNuE, n. (mu-:^^we), finger. 


MUNSKWA,72.(Mr-WA),thom, 


iNuGA, n., eland. 


spike, quill of the por- 


NuGUTA, v., perspire. 


cupine. 


NuHWA, V. int., stink, 


NsKWA, V. (Hwa), live. 


scent, be odorous, be 


be alive, awake, alight, 


rancid. 


feel, taste, hear. 


iNuMBA, n. (Mba), house. 


NSKWIRA BUC.WADZI, 


hut, abode. 


sympathize (lit. 


iNumba, n. (inombana). 


feel pain for). 


smallpox. 


GuNsKWA, «., sensation, 


lNUMBE,n.(lNOMBE),thing, 


physical .sense. 


something, in 7>/t/r., 


NsKWiGA, V. int., taste. 


property, baggage. 


ZWI NO NSKWIGA 


riNumbu, 71., (1) stomach ; 


ZW^A KA lPA = it 


(2) throng, multitude, 


tastes nasty. 


swarm. 


NswA, v., see Nskwa. 


nenumbu, pregnant; 


Ntome, adv., on this side, 


gluttonous. 


e.g. GU KO NTOME = it 


iTANUMBU,bemany. 


is here on this side. 


iNuMl^WA, n., water buck 


Ntoro, adv. {see nToro), 


{Kobus ell ipsiprim n us). 


long ago. 


NuMviRA, I', int., pu- 


Nu, adv. (for Anu), still, 


trefy. 


yet. 


NuNOAf v., pick up (and 
of fowls), find, recover, 


MuNiT,"^ n., person, human 


uNu,) being, somebody. 


discover, plunder. 



Nun 



( 332 ) 



Nya 



NuxGiwA, V. pass., be 


Is'wauga, v., see Mnwa- 


found, captured. 


^ UGA. 


iNUNGO, n. (I-DUNUN- 


MuNwE, n. (Nue), finger. 


gudza), idleness. 


mNwedzi, see mu-Edzi. 


TjiNuNGURiRA, n., heart- 


mNwene, n., head man. 


burn. 


mNwereJ n., see Mi:-erb. 


iNuNGU, 71., (1) porcupine; 


mNwina, see mu-Ina. 


^ (2) rafter. 


mNwisi, ,9ee mu-Isi. 


IN^UNUNA, v., (1) suck (as 


iNwiWA, see mu-Iwa. 


a sweet), gnaw ; (2) 


Nya, v. act., go to stool. 


talk to oneself. 


ruNya, 71., cruelty, harsh- 


UNUNUNA (WANGU), 71., 


ness. 


(my) younger brother. 


u norunya, he is 


NuNURA, see Nunyura. 


cruel, hard. 


]?s^UNUSHiGA, v., grumble, 


tjiNyabada, 71., scorpion. 


murmur. 


Nyadza, v.tr., (1) bother, 


Nunyura, v. tr., pardon, 


trouble; (2) see nyudza. 


forgive. 


iNyadzi, 71., shame. 


iNuNZi, 71., fly (the in- 


U NE NYADZI = he is 


sect), may be applied 


ashamed. 


to any variety common 


NDI NO M DANA NEN- 


fly, tsetse, etc. 


YADZI = I will 


iNUZi YENYOTji, bee. 


shame him. 


iNuNGWi, n., female. 


Nyadziga, v. ti\, soften. 


Nuruga, v., perspire. 


alleviate, foment, poul- 


MuNuRUGA, n., the first 


tice. 


rains. 


Nyadzisa, v. t7\, make 


iNuTA, n. (1) (M-ota), an 


ashamed. 


abscess ; (2) a mole. 


Nyadzisira, v. tr., make 


iNuTU, n. (iDuta), a 


ashamed of. 


heap. 


iNyaguti, n., a certain 


iNuzi, n., see i-Nunzi. 


one. 


]S^WA, V. (Mnwa), drink. 


tjiNyai, 71. (tji-Ngai), soot. 


Nwa, v., see Niwa. 


Nya JIG A, see Nyadziga. 


mNwali, n., see mu-Ali, 


Nyalaja, see Nyara- 


^God. 


DZA. 


M^wANA, n., see mu-Ana. 


nNyama, n,, meat, muscle, 


mJ^wanana, see mnvv- 


flesh. 


Anana. 


iNyamasasa,?i.(Masasa), 


ba-m-!^wana, n., see ba-mu- 


evening star. 


^Ana. 


iNyamzumbuzumbu, n.. 


mNwandu, see mu-Andu. 


hornet. 


TjiNwAU, n. (tji-Mnvvau), 


ruNyanga, 71., horn, tusk. 


fragment, piece. 


Nyanga, v., steal along 



Nya 



( 333 ) 



Nye 



sneak, skulk, stalk 


tjiNyashaSwe, n., tick. 


game. 


iNyati, 71., buffalo. 


Nyakgadza, r., fail. 
Nyanya, v., do a thing 


.:;^^::.^T•}"■•'-'•-pp'<'• 


exceedingly. 


Nyanga, v. int. (cf. 


U NO NYANYA GU 


mnwanga), dissolve. 


EN DA = he walks 


Nyawidza, r., be bois- 


very much. 


terous. 


Nyanyadza, ) i\, to 


iNyaya, /I., disputation, 


Nyanyaidza, /come one 


strife, quarrelling. 


after another, a great 


ITA NYAYA, Stir Up 


many ; to come in 


strife, cavil, argue. 


quick succession, and 


NENYAYA, cantan- 


great numbers, as of 


kerous. 


words in talk, or rain- 


Nyeba, v.y see Nyepa. 


drops in a sliower. 


Nyelela, v., see Erera. 


Nyanya iDZANA,t\,argue, 


Nyemba, v. int.^ make 


reason together. 


marks ( = write). 


Nyaka, t;., be quiet- 


iNyemba n. (iMba), (1) 


mannered, modest, re- 


temporary hut, a gar- 


si^ectful, meek, weary. 


den hut; (2) beans 


a a nyaua, he is 


(something like kidney 


shameless. 


beans). 


Nyarabadza, v. tr.j con- 


Nyemberuga, v., avoid. 


sole. 


go out of the wa3^ 


Nyaradza, v. tr., soothe, 


iNyembo, 71., marks 


I)acify, comfort. 


(writings, letter, book). 


Nyarara, v., be silent, 


maNyemnwe, 71., precious- 


at peace, dumb, calm. 


ness, value. 


guNyarara, n., peace. 


Nvemnwerera, v. int., 


NYARARiDZA,ir.,appease, 
Nyararisa, J silence, 


smile. 


Nyemudza, v., test, try, 


calm, relieve. 


strive, venture, tease. 


Nyasi, n. (zAsi), south, 


Nyemura, v., commend. 


down country, down 


Nybnoa, "^ V.J beckon. 


river. U.sed as a prep. 


Nyengara,/ woo. 


withGU or MU= below, 


Nyengedza, v., pretend. 


under. 


be false. 


WA KA BNDA OU 


Nyengedzera, v. tr.j 


NYASI — he went 


tempt, deceive, cheat, 


south. 


break a promise. 


BA KA BAKA MU- 


NYEN(;ETEi)ZA,\r., coax, 
Nyengetera, J beseech. 


NYAHI MKTJl<;OMO 


= they have built 


iNyengo, n., nobtrils. 



under the hill. 



Nye 



( 334 ) 



Nyo 



iNybnsa, n.y iron spiral 
binding on the shaft of 
an assegai. 
iNyense, n., a cricket. 
Nyenya, v., despise, dis- 
regard. 
iNyenye, n., weevil. 
iNyenyedzi, n., star. 
Nyenyeredza, v., be 
cautious, avoid, to go 
round about. 
Nyenyira, v. <r.,sprinkle 

(as with salt). 
Nyepa, v., deceive, lie. 
riNyepo, n., a lie, a false 
charge. 
u nenyepo, a liar. 
muNybpfu, n., yolk (of an 
egg). 
iNyere, n., a length of 
reed, a horn, or part 
thereof, used as a mu- 
sical pipe, bugle, or 
snuff-box. 
kaNyereketb, n., (1) a 
dot ; (2) small snuff- 
box, a small inybre. 
mtjega u naman- 
ybreketb = spot- 
ted calico. 
Nyerera, v., see Erbra. 
iNyerezi, n., teacher. 
maNybri, n., clinkers left 
when lime has been 
burnt with dry dung 
(nDobha). 
Nybrudza, v. tr., dis- 
miss. 
Nyeruga, v. int., leave, 

desert a post. 
Nybswura, v., " draw 

beer." 
Nybtbra, v. int, be 
cross, displeased, angry. 



Nyeuga, v. int., glow, 
be white hot. 
butari bu no nye- 
uga = the iron 
glows. 
iNyevi, n., a herb, edible 
when cooked, largely 
used in famine time. 
Nyiga, v., steep in water. 
iNyiga, 7?., land, coun- 
try, dominion, tribe, 
nation. 

INYIGA ZOSE, the 

earth. 

GU NEMNWE INYIGA, 

abroad. 
Nyiginyira, v.. crowd 

around (like flies). 
Nyima, v. tr., grudge, 

stint. 

GUZiNYiMA, self- 
denial. 
Nyimana, v. int., be 

stingy, mean. 
iNyimo, n., round beans. 
iNyo, n., anus. 
Nyodza, v. tr., poke, pusli 

into, thrust into. 
Nyofa, v., poke. 
iNyogAj^ti., snake, intes- 
iNyoka,/ tinal worm. 

I-PONGWE = INYOGA 

I SI namroma = 
earth-worm. 
NDi NBNYOGA, rum- 
ble in intestines, 
have diarrhoea. 
^^YOMBA, v., begin to 

quarrel, curse. 
iNyondo, see iNyundu. 
NYONGANA,i;.,run helter- 
skelter, be scattered, 
iNyongo, n., kind of 
monkey. 



Nyo 



( 335 ) 



Nzw 



Nyoxyoridza, v. tr.j 
sprinkle. 

Nyonyuma, ?'. wink. 

Nyora, v. tr., cut figures, 
notch, make figures, 
marks, write. 

iNyora, 71., punctures for 
blood letting, marks on 
face and body caused 
by scarifying, tribal 
and decorative. 

Nyora, adj., soft, moist, 
green, tender, unripe, 
tame, quiet, meek, lan- 
guid, feeble; faithful, 
pure, modest, chaste, 
good-mannered. 
buNyoro, 7?., virtue. 

Nyoroba, v., be soft, 
gentle, meek, tame, 
limp, without spirit. 

Nyorobedza,! v. tr., (1) 

Nyorobesa, ) dissolve, 
weaken, alleviate; (2) 
break in, tame, train. 

Nyorobera, v. int.f melt, 
dissolve, be soaked, be 
made limp. 
tjaNyorobera, n., wet corn 
from the corn - hole 
(Teb. umNcatja). 

Nyoronyoro, (ulj. (Ny- 
oro), very quiet, very 
weak. 
M uNyoroxyoro, n., debility, 
softness. 

NyorodzAjVi'. tr.j make 

Nyorosa, / wet, soft. 
iNYOTA,7i.,thirst,drought. 
iNyotji, 71., bee, honey. 
MiNvr, 7t., salt. 

iXvrxnr, n., hammer. 
iNvrxDWA. »., hump of 
ox. 



Nyudza, v. tr. (Nyura), 

submerge, plunge. 

iNyl'mbexyiba, 71., bird's 

nest, that variety built 

pendent from a branch. 

iNyumbu, 71., crest, head 

ornament. 

muNyunga, 71,, camel-thorn, 

Nyunya, v., blame. 
muNyunyu,") . 

huNyunyu f'*' ^°.*> "^^^" 
buNyunyu,) ^"'^• 
Nyunyuma, v., frown. 
Nyuxyuridza, v. tr., 

strew, scatter. 
iNyura, 71., a dog (male). 
Nyura, v. int., (1) go out 
of sight, disappear, 
sink, plunge, dive, 
drown, set of the sun ; 
(2) be deep. 
Nyuridza, V v.,submerge, 
Nyurisa, J drown. 
iNyutji, n., see iNyotji. 
tjiNzaxiso, 71. (Inzanisa), 

see tjEdzaniso. 
ruNzara, n., claw, talon, 
finger nail. 
NzBXZEXZERA, V., trot of 

animals. 
NzHE (or Nzi), adj., out, 
outside, e.g. u hi 
PAXZHE = he is out- 
side; EXDA OUXZHB = 
go outside. 
RuNzni, 71., pin, needle, awl. 
NzuxiRA, v., prevent. 
NzuwA, i v., feel, taste, 
NzwA, J hear, etc.; see 

NSKWA. 

M!:NzwA, 71., a thorn; see 

.ml-Wa. 
KANzwiDHLA,7i.,"sparrow," 

(ka-x-Zwidhla). 



Nzw 



( 336 ) 



Oyo 



NzwiGA, v., NzwA, be 
audible, sensible. 

KzwiGiRANA, v., be 
across. 



o 

0, (1) contr. for NO, q.v.; 

(2) noun prefix for bu, 

q.v. ( = uu). 
Odzonga, v., fall down 

(of a hut). 
mOfu, 71., eland (orig. mu- 

HOFU). 

Oga, adj. (cf. Koga), 
only, distinct, single, 
solitary, with noun 
prefix according to 
class, e.g. Banu baya 

BA RI BOGA = those 

people are distinct {i.e. 

from some others in 

question). 
Oga, v. int., suffer. 
m(u)Ogwi, n., a heap, pile. 
Oko, pron., here it is ! 
Oma, \v. int., be dry, 
Omegwa, J thirsty. 
Omisa, ?;.(KoMisA),make 

dry, or thirsty. 
Omba, v., growl, grunt, 

chant, sing. 
Ombera, v., applaud = 

praise, esp. by clapping 

hands (hence pray), 

rustle of leaves. 
ruOmbo, n., song. 
Ona, v., obtain. 
Onda, v. int. (Konda), be 

thin, lean; waste away. 



Ondura, v. tr., thin out, 

pull out. 
ondura minenga= 
pluck a bird. 
Onega, v., take leave. 
Ong an A, v., see Bunk ana. 
muOnga, 71., (1) marrow, 
pith ; (2) cramp. 
Ongoga, adv., of course. 
muOngoro, 71., .see Mongo. 
Ora,7;. ^r.(c/.Teb.Hola), 

gather up (Bora). 
iOra, 71., bowels (mabu- 

Ra). 
iOro, 71., throat (iHuRO). 
OsE, adj., all, every. 
Used with the prefix 
proper to its noun. 

BANU BOSE = all 

people. 

INOMBE DZOSE = all 

the cattle. 
mOta, 71., a boil, abscess, 
tumour, an inflamed 
sw^elling, a swelling. 
Otja, v. tr., roast, toast, 

broil, parch. 
Otjega, v. int., be in a 
roasted, broiled state, 
be heated. 

MKAKA WA KA GO- 

TSEGA=sour milk 
{lit. milk heated). 
m(u)Oto, 71., fire. 

TJUM A TJiMOTO, clear 
red beads. 
lOwE, see iHoBE. 
m(u)Oyo, n.plur. M(i)OYO,the 
heart (both literal and 
figurative), temper. 

UNEMOYO MTJENA, 

he is kind, com- 
passionate, good- 
humoured. 



Pa 



( 337 ) 



Pal 



MOYO WAKE WA KA 

IPA, he is aDxious, 
afraid, evilly dis- 
posed. 

u NEMOYO, he is dis- 
turbed in heart 

MOYO WOMUTI, pith, 
or heart of a tree. 



Pa, (1) r., give, present, 
pay (wages), supply, 
lend, borrow, cede ; 
(2) locative prefix, see 
"Notes"; (3) prep.^ 
by, at, over, on, etc. ; 
(4) adv.^ here, there. 
pa ka shanoana = 
there where they 
meet = a junction. 
PA BA RIKA = there 
where they cry= 
strife, conflict. 
PA NEZwiYO= there 
is corn, lit. there 
with corn. Nb= 
NA + a lost I repre- 
senting the article 
preceding the pre- 
fix zwi. Cf. Teb. 
i-zL 
Pabanza, v. {cf. Banza), 

discover. 
Pabarira, see above, 

under Pa. 
Pa BO, pons, pron., their; 

HCA " Notes." 
Padzuoa, V. int. (Ban- 
zi'oa), be in a split 
condition. 



Padzura, v. tr. (Ban- 

zura), split, chop. 

Pafupi, adj. (FUPi), ad- 
jacent, near. 

Pag a, r. tr., ram, stuff 
(as corn in a sack), 
charge a muzzle-load- 
ing gun, feed (a child). 

Pag ANA, V. (PAGA),deny, 
refuse, contradict, ob- 
ject. 

Paganidzana, v. (Pa- 
gana), dispute. 

Paganira, r., to deny 
for or on behalf of, 
hence to excuse. 



Pagata, 



i,j a 



embrace 



Pagatira, f a child, 



pagatira muabha, 
carry under the 
arm. 
Pagati vA...jprep. (Pa- 

kati), amidst, among. 
ruPagatgwa, 71., dagger, 

sword. 
Pagira, v. (Paga), ram 

for, stuff for. 
Pagiira, v., serve up 

food, " dish up." 
Paha, v., see Pazha. 
Paka, v., see Paga. 
Parana, v., see Pagana. 
Pakarb, adv. (Kare), 

continually, again and 

again. 
Par ATI, see Pagati. 
Pare, poss. pron., his, 

hers, its ; see " Notes." 
Pako, poss. pron., thy ; 

see " Notes." 
Pala, v., see Para. 
Palaja, v., see Paradza. 
Palula, r., see Parura. 
z 



Fam 



( 338 ) 



Pan 



Tama, v., repeat, do 
again. As an auxiliary 
verb it has the sense 
of— again. 

WA KA TAMA WA 

NDI ROBA = he hit 

me again. 

guPama, n., revenge. 

kaPama, adv.j continually. 

Pamama, v. int., be thick, 

stout. 
Pamba. v., plunder, take 

by force. 
Pamberi, prep, and adv. 
(paMberi), before, in 
front, further on, ahead. 

FAMBA PAMBERI = 

go ahead. 

GARA PAMBERI PAN- 

GU = sit in front 
of me. 
Pambira, v., plunder 
from, deprive of for- 
cibly. 
Pambuga, v. mf., diverge. 

PAMBUGA MAROPA, 

to have dysentery. 
Pambula, v., see Pam- 

BURA. 

PambulanisAj see Pam- 
burira. 

Pambura, v. tr., (1) di- 
vide, separate ; (2) 
mislead. 

Pamburira, v. tr., sepa- 
rate for or to; hence 
dedicate. 

Pami, adj., thick, stout. 

Pamidza, v. (Pama), (1) 
repeat, add, give more ; 
(2) avenge. 

Pamidzana, v.,exchange. 

Pamidzira, v., add to, 
enlarge. 



Pamiri vA,prep.(M.uu), 
on other side of, on 
that side of, beyond; 

e.g. PAMIRI PAKWIZI = 

beyond the river. 
P AM N WE, adv. ,elsewhere; 

see Panupamnwe. 
Pamsoro pa, prep. (Ms- 

ORO), above, on, over, 

upon ; e.g. pamsoro 

PETjiGUTSA = on the 

top of the pole. 
Pan A, v., be liberal, 

generous, give each 

other presents. 
Pana, prejj., form of pa 

used with conj. pron., 

at, in, on. 
Panda, v., see Banda. 
iPanda, n., ladder. 
tjiPanda, n., bundle. 
ruPandakoba, n., gully, 

chasm, channel. 
Pandedzira, see Bandi- 

DZIRA. 

Pane, prep, for Pana. 
riPanga, 1 ??., (iBanga), 
tjiPanga, J knife, especi- 
ally the blade. 
Pangu, poss. pran.y my ; 
see " Notes." 
riPangu, n., stick, stake, 
especially freshly cut ; 
see iBango. 
Pangura, v., intrude. 
Pangurana, v., make 

friends. 
PANU,arfv.,here, present. 
PANU PAYA, there, 
over there. 
Panupanu, adv., here, 

close by, near. 
Panupamnwe, adv., in 
one place, all together. 



Pan 



( 839 ) 



Par 



TA NGA TI RI PANU 

PAMNWE = \ve are 
all together 
Paxza, r. (Pazha), have 
diarrhoea. 
PAXZA MAROPA, have 
dysentery. 
MiPAXZiiE,M.,groove,ditch, 
furrow, channel. 
Panzuuu, adi\ and ]>rep.j 

above, over, on high 
Paxzura, see Baxzura. 
Papa, adv. (Pa), here. 
tjiPapata, 7i., bread. 
Papira, v., flap wings. 
iPapiro, n.j wing. 
Papo, adv. (Po), there, 
yonder, over there, e.g. 
RI RI PAPO = it is there. 
maPapu, n., alarm, fright. 
Para, t\, scrape, scratch, 
root up (as fowls or 
pigs). 
PARA MARAR A, scrape 
rubbish together. 

PARA MOSWA, do 

wrong, rake up an 
old offence. 
PARA GAXDA, scrape 
the inside of a 
skin, making it 
thinner. 
Par ADZ A, V. tr.^ (1) des- 
troy, ravage, lay waste, 
put into disorder, over- 
throw ; (2) cast away, 
cast offj; disown. 
maParadza, «., rainbow. 

MAPARADZA MVURA 

= that which scat- 
ters the rain. 
Paradzaxa, v. iiU.j part 
company, separate, dis- 
agree, differ. 



Paradzanidza,! v. tr., 

Paradzaxisa, / divide, 
sever, allot, separate, 
part. 

Paradzaxidzira, r., di- 
vide for, etc. 

Paradziga, r. int., fly 
oft' (as sparks), scat- 
ter. 

PARADZiSA,r.<r., divide, 
separate. 

DADE WA KA TI 

PARADZisA = father 
separated us. 
Paradzisaxa, v. int., 
part, separate. 

TA KA PARADZISAXA 

= we tore our- 
selves apart. 
Paradziwa, v., pass, of 

Paradza. 
Paraxa, v. int., be sepa- 
rated, be apart. (Not 
a passive verb.) 
paraxa xa, separate 
from. 
Pahaxyula,)!;., recon- 
Paraxyura,/ cile. No 
doubt a comix)und of 
para and xyura, q.v. 
Parara, v., be in dis- 
order, scatter, straggle, 
fly about of sparks. 

parara MPAXZHEj 

make furrows. 

MAKORE A KA PA- 
RARA, sky is clear^ 
I.e. the clouds have 
scattered. 
Pararaxa, v. int., part 
company, dis|)erse, 
differ, be angry with 
one another, be at 
cross purposes. 



Par 



( 340 ) 



Pay 



PARARANiSAjt-.fr., cause 
or help to part, etc. 

Pararira, v., be in 
motion, rushing about. 

MAROPA ANGU A KA 

PARARIRA = my 
blood tingles. 
Parere, adv. (paRere), 

probably. 
Pariga, v., fly about as 

sparks, see Parara. 
Paro, poss. pron., its; 

see " Notes." 
Pa RUGA, V. inf., (1) be 
cracked, torn, chapped, 
be annoyed, troubled; 
(2) be created, born. 
PARUGA MOYO, heart- 
broken, grieved, 
sad, penitent, low- 
spirited. 

PARUGA HANA, be 

excited. 

WA KA PARUGA 

KADAYO = he was 
born so. 
Parugana, v., be down- 
cast, sad (implying 
mutual action and re- 
action). 
Parupo, adv. (paEupo), 

beside. 
Parura, v. tr., (1) break 
off, split, tear, rip, 
crack, go through a 
country (thus splitting 
it in two), escape, 
run away; (2) create 
( = break off, in the 
Bantu mind). 
mParuri, n., Creator. 
mParuru, \ n., chap in 
mParurura,/ the skin, 
as from cold. 



ruPasa, 71., sleeping mat. 

Pasanura, v.y open, as 
a book ; spread out, as 
grass to dry. 

Pashurb, prep. (pa- 
Sure), behind. 

Pasi, prep. (paSi) and 
adv., beneath, under; 
low, down. 

PASURA,i;.,.SeeBANZURA. 

Pasure, see Pashure. 
Pata, v., be rude, saucy, 
mischievous, play 

tricks. 
mPata, n., (1) a pass in 
hills, a "nek"; (2) a 
cave, den. 
riPata, n., skin of an 
animal. 
Patana, v. int., slander. 
Patjena, adv. (pa- 
T JEN a), openly, plainly. 
Patjiga, V.J to feed a 

child. 
Patjo, poss. pron., its; 
see " Notes." 
maPato, n., the buttocks. 
iPatu, n., see iBatu. 
Patuga, v. int., burst, 

as a pod of beans. 
Patula,?;. tr., shell peas, 

beans, ground nuts._ 
Paw^o, poss. pron., its, 

their; see "Notes." 
Payi, ] dem. pron., 

Payipayi, j those here. 
Paya, adv. (Pay a), yon- 
der, over there. 
Payima, v. (Baima), 
twinkle (of stars), 
lighten (of lightning). 
Payo, (1) dem. pron., 
those yonder ; (2) 
poss. pron., their. 



Paz 



( 341 ) 



Pen 



Pazh A, v.,have diarrhoea. 


Pembedza, v. tr., cause 


PAZHA ROPA, have 


to dance, make very 


dysentery. 


glad ; lience to acquit, 


Pazhe, cuiv. (Pazhe), 


set free from some 


outside, without. 


trouble. 


Pazhurit, adv. (pa-Zhu- 


PEMBERA,v.m^,leapand 


Rl), above, high up. 


dance as a " brave," 


P^znllt'}^-"--"-^- 


dance for joy, stamp on 


the ground applauding. 


mPazhu, 71., diarrhoea. 


iPembhi, 71., duyker. 


ruPazit, n., see ruBanzu. 


mPemi, 71., beggar. 


Pazura, v., chop, divide ; 


tjiPempenexi, 71., cater- 


.see Banzura. 


pillar. 


Pazurira, v., chop for, 


tjiPemu, 71. (Pemura), 


divide among, divide 


piece broken off, a 


for, or to. 


part, fragment {cf. tji- 


Pazuru, adv. and prep. 


Medu). 


(Paxzuri), above, 


Pbmuga, v. int. (Medu- 


upon. 


ga), be broken, broken 


T Azwo, poss.pron., their; 


off; decrease. 


.see " Notes." 


Pemura, v. tr., break off 


Peaira, v. int. (ita 


a piece, break up. 


Pea pea), waddle. 


u NO pemura m UN- 


Pkbaza, v. (Pepaza), 


da = he is making 


dodge. 


a new garden. 


maPeiuie, n., autumn. 


Pbna,7'. int., look fixedly. 


Pei.yu, J °®*** 


as at a distant object, 


examine carefully. 


muPendero, 71, edge, bor- 


Peoiilupedhlu, adw., 


der, hem, boundary. 


very near, close by. 


brim, brink. 


Pedu, pons, pron., our; 


Penengura, v. (Pena), 


see •' Notes." 


examine closely. 


Pedza, v. tr., finish, com- 


Penga, v. int., be mad, 


plete, accomplish, put 


wild, turbulent, crazj'. 


an end to, stop, abolish, 


obstinate, rebellious. 


confiscate, ravage ; un- 


Pbngenuga, v., be clear, 


derstand. 


bright, lustrous. 


Pehoowi, prep., adv. 


MAKORI A NO PENGB- 


(O(JWi), ui>on, al)ove, 


NUGA, or ZWI NO 


more than, beyond. 


PENGENUGA=:it is 


pRir, adv., see Peihih'. 


iine weatlior. 


Pema, v., bog for food or 


mPen(;o, n., madman, wild 


clothes. 


fellow. 



Pen 



( 342 ) 



Pet 



iPengo, \ n., turbulence, 
tjiPbngo, J madness, in- 
sanity. 

NBPENGO, turbulent, 
mad. 
Pensbnuga, v., vanish. 
Penya, v. int., shine, 
lighten, flash, glitter, 
sparkle, twinkle, be 
brilliant, luminous. 
Penyenguha, v., open 

(q,s a book). 
Penyu, (I) poss. pron., 
your, see "Notes"; (2) 
adj. (Penya), living, 
luminous. 

U TJI RI MPBNYU = 

he is still alive. 
ruPbnyu, n., lile. 

Pepaza, v. (Pebaza), 
look out, avoid, dodge. 
tjiPepe, n., cap. 

Pepera, v. int., (1) blaze ; 

(2) wave. 

PEPBRBNGA,t;.,be coarse. 

tjiPeperere, n., square 

of calico for a girl's 

apron. 

Pepudz^, V, tr., put in 

mind, remind. 
Pepuga, v. tr., call to 

mind, remember. 
Pepura, v. tr., blow 

away. 
Per a, v. int. (tr. Pedza), 
end, cease, diminish, 
be done, overwhelmed, 

NDI NO BRER A NDI 
SI NG A PERI =^ I go 

on for ever. 

WA KA FA WA KA 

PER A — he is c^uite 
dead. 
guPbra, n., an end. 



tjiPerb, w., hysena, wolf. 
Perbbbdza, v. tr. (Ped- 
za), terminate, finish. 

GU NO PERBBBDZA 

PAPO = it termi- 
nates (itself) there. 
Perega, v. int., go with, 
accompany (= merely 
going at the same 
time and so with a 
person). 
Perbgedz A, V. ^r., attend, 
accompany, escort, 
guide ( = to accompany 
with a purpose). 
Pererbdza, v. tr. (Perb- 
bbdza), end, termin- 
ate. 
ftfPBRBRBDZO, n., brink. 
Pesa, v. tr., do privately, 
secretly ; to avoid a per- 
son, to dodge (secrecy 
and antagonism). 
Pesana, v. int., be across, 
cross one another, 
differ, come one after 
another, not together. 
Pesanapbsana, v. int., 

run helter-skelter. 
Pesanidza,\?;. tr., put 
Pesanisa, /across,cross 

a person, exchange. 
Pesaniswa, v. pass., be 
crossed, be entangled. 
Pbshera, v., encourage, 
incite to fighting. 
tjiPbsu, n., (1) feather of 
tail; (2) cap or hat; 
also iPesu. 
Peswaidza, v., flatter. 
Peta, v. tr. (cf. Monb- 
redza),(1) fold, double, 
hem, wrap up, roll 
up, coil, shut (as a 



Pet 



( 343 ) 



Pftl 



knife); (2) stoop, cringe, 


clothes, cast the skin 


own allegiance, pay 


(of a snake). 


taxes. 


Pfidiga, \?;.(Fudiga), 


Petela, v. tr., fold for, 


Pfidigira,j cover. 


to button over. 


Pfiga, v., close, fasten a 


Petenura, v. int., un- 


door, lock up. 


fold. 


maPfigwa, n., fireplace. 


mPeto,|w,, border, edge, 
ruPeto,/ brim, hem ; may 


Pfira, v. (Pfa), spit, 


spi rt,ex pec torate, show 


be used of a seam. 


contempt, drizzle. 


maPeto, 71., taxes, tribute. 


WA KA pfira mate 


Petura, v. tr., comb. 


= he expectorates. 


Peuga, v. int., stand 


Pfirira, v., see Pfurir a. 


aside, step aside or 


Pfisa, v. tr. (Pfa), cause 


backwards. 


to spirt, etc. ; hence to 


Pewewa, v. int., subside. 


rinse, wash articles. 


Pezhu pa, ) prep., 
Pezhugu pa, j above, 


jPfiwa, n., stones to 


support pots on fire; 


upon. 


generally in the plur. 


Pfa, v. (cf. Bva), spit, 
spirt from mouth, 


Mapfiwa. 


iPfonvegwa, 71., gum. 


expectorate, vomit; 


buPfu, 71., Hour, meal. 


generally used with 


Pfubadza, v., deride. 


MATE, but PFIRA MATE 


Pfubudza, v. tr., send 


is more usual. 


forward, cause to sur- 


Pfaoanya, v., creep as 


pass. 


insects. 


PFiUi{:n\,i).int., pass by, 


Pfaoanyioa, v., twitch- 


surpass, exceed. 


iPfaxa, n., dough. 


Pfuburana, v., differ 


Pfanara, v. int., become 


from one another, 


discoloured, wear out. 


quarrel. 


Pfanda, v. tr., threaten. 


Pfudugura, v., see Fu- 


Pfaru (ou ti pfaru), 


i)U(;ura. 


torn. 


Pfudza, see Fudza. 


Pfawa, v. int., be tame. 


iPfudzi, 71., shoulder. 


Ppawidza, v. (Pfa), 


Pfudzunitua. v. tr., un- 


soak. 


button, untie, unravel, 


Pfe(JA, v., to wrap up. 


unwind. 


fold up, envelope. 


Pfuga, V. int., break 


VFFA^A HANZU = put 


out, burst out, burst 


on clothes. 


through, escape. 


mPfknviigwa, n., line, 


Pfitgama, v., (1) kneel 


mark. 


down, crouch down ; 
(2) hence, be absorbed 


Pfbnyura, o. tr., take off 



Pfa 



( 344 ) 



Pfu 



in a thing, examine 
closely. 

PFUGAMA NAMABVI 

= crouch down on 
the knees. 
tjiPfugo, n., small pot. 
Pfugudza, ?;., (BvuM- 

BURUDZA, BvUGUTA), 

(1) make foul, spoil ; 

(2) to injure a surface, 
a floor, breaking it up. 

Pfuma, v., stitch, sew, 
inoculate, vaccinate ; 
see also Fuma. 

PFIJMERA TJUMA = 

thread beads. 
hiPfuma, n. (I-pfuma), 
army, impi. 
Pfumanidza, v. tr., join 

together by sewing. 
Pfumbata, )v. tr., see 
Pfumbatira, i Fumbata. 
Pfumba, adj., yellow. 
Pfumbira, v., close. 

pfumbira mroma, 

close the mouth. 

Pfumbukira, v., attack. 

pfumbura huruba 

= raise dust. 

Pfu M BUR UP fumburu, 

adj., see Bvumburu. 
Pfumira, v., see Bvu- 

MIRA. 

riPfumo, n. (I-pfuma), as- 
segai, esp. the blade ; 
inplur. accoutrements, 
weapons of war, wages. 
EISA IPFUMO, remu- 
nerate. 
BATA MAPFUMO, ac- 
coutre. 
Ppumvudza, v., bud. 
iPfumvudzb, n., a bud. 
Pfuna, v. int., drizzle. 



Pfunda, v. tr., (1) weave, 
plait ; (2) fold up, 
double up. 
riPfunde, n., a head of 

native corn. 
maPfunde, 71., native corn. 

iPfundo, n., a knot in 
thread. 
tjiPfundo, n., ankle joint, 
wrist joint. 

Pfunduga, v. int., be 
dirty, turbid (of water). 

Pfundunura, v. tr., open 
(as the hand). 

Pfunga, v. int., be con- 
scious, think, meditate, 
imagine, consider. 

BA NO PFUNGA GWA 

URI = they have 
confidence in him. 
iPfungahore, n., cobra. 
Pfungaira, v., rise of 
smoke, or dust (Pfum- 
buga). 
Pfununsura, v. tr., open 
(as the hand). 
riPfupa, n., bone. 
iPfupete, n., B.L. gun, or 

rifle. 
Pfupfudza, v., see Bvu- 

BVUDZA. 

Pfupfunyara, v. int., 

shiver. 
Pfura, v., (1) strike, beat, 
pound, kick, forge, fire 
a gun, throb, tick, 
pulsate (of heart), vi- 
brate; (2) blow, blow 
away, fan ; (3) suffer. 
pfura madzibha, 

blow the nose. 
pfura bepu, sigh. 
tjiPfuramabhyb, n., hail. 
Pfuridza, v. tr., (1) 



Pfu 



( 345 ) 



Pig 



strike hard, cause to 
strike, hammer, forge ; 
(2) blow hard, cause 
to blow. 
zwiPFURiDZA, boast. 
Pkurira, v. tr.^ shade, 
shelter, cover in seeds, 
thatch a house or hut. 
iPfuro, 1 n. (iFuRu), 
iFfi Rr, / lather, foam, 
froth. 
8IGA PFURO, foam at 
the mouth. 
Pfurudza, v. tr., rub (as 

clothes in washing). 
Pfurunyura, v. tr.j de- 
molish, strip off (as old 
thatch from a roof). 
Pfururidza, v., blow 

with mouth. 
Pfusa, v., (1) blow; (2) 
miss, miss fire, snap 
(of a gun). 

PFU8A MOTO or PFU- 
8IRA MOTO = blow 

the fire. 

MAPFUNDE WA KA 

PFU8WA = corn is 
weevil-eaten. 
maPfuse, 1 n., hot ashes, 
ri;Pfij8E, / charcoal. 
Pfitta, v., (1) blaze ; (2) 
puff, blow, sniff. 

PFUTA FODYA = 

smoke tobacco, 
take snuff. 

PFUTA MOTO = blow 

the fire. 

PFUTA BUTARI = 

smelt iron. 
iPfutk, 71., fire, flame, 

blaze. 
iPfuti, w., gun, rifle. 
PFUTinzA. I bio^. 

PFl TIDZIRA, j •» "^v • 



PFUTIDZA MOTO = 

blow the fire. 
iPfutiga, 71., gun barrel. 
Pfutira, v., blow for. 
Pfutisa, V.J cause or 

help to blow, give 

snuff 
mPfuto, w., (1) flame ; (2) 

bellows. 
iPfuto, 71., moth. 
TJiPfUTO, 71. (TjiFuso), 

weevil. 
Pfutsunura, v., disen- 
tangle. 
Pfutunuga, v., get loose, 

rise like dough, swell 

up. 

PFUURA,t'.,6CePFUBURA, 

pass on, pass by. 
Pfuwa, v. (cf. Teb. Puya), 

own, possess, keep. 
iPfuwa, 71., gun-cock. 
tjiPfuwa, 71., see tjiFuba. 
maPfuwa, 71.,. see Mapfiwa. 
Dz I Pfu wo, n. (Pfuwa), pos- 
sessions. 
Pfuwiwa,! w., be owned, 
Pfuyiwa, / possessed, 
be tributary. 
mPhizi, 71. (P aspirated, 
not F), giraffe (cf. 
mBisi). 
mPhili, 71. (P aspirated, 
not F), very little girl. 
Pi, inter, pron.^ adv.^ 
which, whither, 
whence, where. 
PiDiouGA. V.J roll down. 
Pic; A, v. int.j (1) swear 
an oath, vow, insist, 
differ, deny ; (2) carry 
on the shoulder. 
Pig IRA, r. <r., swear at. 
P10I8A, t;., cause to differ. 



Pig 



( 346 ) 



Pis 



WA KA M PIGISA 

i)AUO=he contra- 
dicted him. 
Pic.iSANA, v., differ 
among themselves, 
argue. 
PiGURA, v., carry on the 
shoulder for. 
mPimbira, n., leg helow 
knee, shin. 
PiMBiRi, adj., brown. 
PiNDA, v., (1) enter ; (2) 
pass by, surpass, ex- 
ceed. 

PINDA MKATI, intCTr 

fere, intrude. 

PINDIRA SUMBA = 

enter into a house. 
PiNDANA, v., be different, 

diverse. 
iPiNDi, n., clump of trees, 

copse. 
iPiNDANOMBE, n., the 
main entrance to a 
village. 
PiNDiLiLA,\v., do ex- 
PiNDiRiRA,/ ceedingly 
beyond another, sur? 
pass another. 
PiNDiSA, v., send for- 
v^ard, or into. 
MuPiNDO, n., borders of a 

country, 

TjiPiNDU, n., garden patch. 

PiNGA, V. tr., (1) loop, 

make loops in string ; 

(2) trip up. 

PiNGANA, v.. be looped, 

like a chain. 
PiNGAPiNGA, v., emph. 
for PiNGA, q.v. 
RuPiNGO, n. (Ping a), flank 
of army, anything that 
goes round, looping. 



PiNGUDZA,) v., (1) break 

PiNGURA, J in, tame, 
punish ; (2) to turn up- 
side down, or inside 
out. 

PiNGWA, V. (Pinga), be 
caught in a hole, be 
tripped up. 
mPini, ?i., handle of a 
tool, shaft, stock. 

PiNiGA, v., turn inside 
out, misrepresent. 

PiNIMIDZA, V. tr., wag. 

PiNYURA, V. tr., see Pin- 

GURA. 

Pinza, v., (1) be sharp, 
keen, make sharp ; (2) 
admit, bring in. 
GuPiNZA, n., edge of a knife, 
spear. 

PiRA, ?;., pray, offer in 
sacrifice {cf. Bira, the 
commotion, agitation, 
boiling over of the 
inner man ; cf. also 

BiRIPIRI or PlRIPIRI = 

praise, also rocky bed 

of a rushing, agitated, 

boiling stream). 
PiRiGA, \v. int., walk 
PiRiUGA,/ crooked, go 

rouijd in a circle, make 

circuit. 
Piringidza, V , lock. 
PiRiRiDZA, V. tr., make 

to go crooked, make to 

go round. 
iPlRIPIRI, n. (l-BlRIPIRl), 

a ravine, gully. 
Pisa, v. tr. (Bhisa), burn, 
scorch, parch, ignite, 
heat, apply heat to a 
sore; hence poultice 
(pass. P18KWA). 



PiB 



( 347 ) 



Pon 



ZHITBA RI NO PI8A = 


PiVBOA, V , be confused. 


sun is hot. 
PiSANA, r., see Pesana. 


t;:E::::;}»-.''o''.'- 


PiSANisKWA, V. pass., be 


PiZA, v., see PiNZA. 


entangled. 


RuPo, n., presence, adja- 


Pish ana, v., ache. 


cency, near neighbour- 


PiSHiGA, ) V. tr., (1) rub, 
PisiGA, ) scrub, wash, 


hood. 


Po, adi\, present, here, 


clean by rubbing, wipe, 


there. 


wipe out, erase, cancel, 


A A PO = it is not 


stroke ; (2) bore, chum, 


there, or it is not 


make fire by friction. 


here. 


mPishi, u., raw, .see mBishi. 


PAPO, over there. 


PisiRA, V. (Pisa), burn 


TJiPo, 71. (Pa), gift. 


for. 


PoA, v., obtain. 


PiSIRWA, V. (pass, of PI- 


POBORA, v., penetrate. 


SIRA), be burned for. 


PoDHLORA, v., see Bvo- 


by, with. 


DIILOKA. 


TA KA PISIRWA NU- 


PoKOTOUA, v., rub dirt 


MBE DZEDi: = we 


off the body ("dry 


were burned by 


rub"). 


our things = our 


PoMA, v., see BoMA. 


things were burn- 


PoMBA, V. int., splice, 


ed. 


bind round and round. 


PisiSA, v., humiliate. 


cling, climb of plants. 


PisKWA,)^., be burned, 
PiswA, / scalded. 


PoMBERA, 1 v., bind 


PoMBEREDZA, > for,bind 


mPiti, n., see mBiti. 


POMBIRA, ) to, cling 


M aPitit, n., banks of a river. 


around, wind up 


PiVA, V. tr., (1) surround 


(string). 


as an army surrounds 


PoMBiDZAjVt'., cause to 
PoMBisA, / cling close- 


a town ; (2) confuse. 


PIVA NBOOMO, skirt 


ly to, bind tightly. 


a hill. 


PoMBONORA, ??., uncoil, 


DZA NDi PIVA (gn va 
Hi pasaza, Teb.) 


unwind, unfold, dis- 


entangle, unravel. 


= it bothers me. 


PoMBOKA,) u., commit 
PoMHRA, i adultery. 


PiVANA, r., be compli- 


cated, be folded one 


fornicate (of. I-mo.mbo). 


over another. 


PoMPOTSA, V. tr., cool. 


PiVAXisA, V. tr., make 


Pox A, V. inf., live, be 


complicated, fold one 


well, got well in health. 


on another. 


ouPoxA, n., life, health. 


TJiPiYANiso, n., a cross. 


PoNDA, v., aiilict, annoy. 



Pon 



( 348 ) 



Pnb 



PoNDORA, v., separate 
strands of strinp:. 

PONESA, V. tr. (Pona), 
cause to live, help, save, 
deliver, rescue, cure. 
iPoNGWB, n., earth-worm. 

PONISA, v., see PONESA. 

PONYA, v.^ wander, miss 
the way, miss the 
mark, miss fire. 

PoNYAPONYA, V. tr., flat- 
ter. 

POPOMA, V. int., hum, 
buzz, sound like a dis- 
tant cataract ; hence 
talk much, talk in a 
monotone {cf. Teb. 
Popoma). 
MuPopoMi, 71., a great talker. 

PoPOTERA, V. tr., abuse, 
curse, blaspheme. 

POPOTERANA, V., abuse 
one another; talk all 
at once. 

PoRA, V. int., be cool; 
hence heal. 

PoREDZA,^ V. tr., make 

PoRESA, / cool by 

PORISA, f fanning, 

PoRODZA, ) etc. ; heal. 

PoRODZiRA, v., see PURU- 

DZIRA. 

PoROMOLA, v., .see KORO- 

MORA. 

PosA, ] (1) V. tr., throw 
PosHA,)' (stone, kerry, 

or assegai), fire gun; 

(2) V. aux., almost. 

NDA POSA NDA FA = I 

almost died ; cf. 

KanCtA. 
PosHERA, V. tr., throw 

at. 
PosEGA, V. int. (Posa), 



blunder, eir unwil- 
lingly. 

IPOSWA,) j^j 

RUPOSWA, ) ' 

PoTA, v., be crooked, go 
crooked. 

POTA NAKOKO, gO 

round there. 

POTANA, V. int., be com- 
plicated. 

PoTBREDZA, "^ ?;., make to 

PoTERERA, 3 revolve, 
cause to go round 
about, make crooked, 
turn a mill handle, en- 
circle an object with a 
rope, go round a thing. 

PoTEREGA, V. int., to re- 
volve, go round about, 
he crooked, go round 
and round in a circle. 

POTONUGA, v., make cir- 
cuit. 

Pots A, v., cross (a mark 
or line), miss aim. 

POTSANA, V. (PeSANA), 

cross one another as 

paths. 
PoTSANiDZA, V. tr., make 

to cross, place across, 

hence disturb. 
POYA, V. int., get through, 

burst from, escape, run 

away. 
PsA, V. int. (Tsa), burn. 
iPsANDA, n., small plaited 

basket. 
iPsiMBO, n., kerry ; see 

ISWIMBO. 

PswA, V. int., see Psa. 

PuBURA, V. tr., break 
open or into, pierce, 
make hole in wood, 
open abscess. 



Pub 



( 349 ) 



Put 



I 



PiTBUGA, V. int., bui*st 

oj^en as a bud, bean, 

pod, abscess. 

PuDUKA, r., bore a hole. 

riPltdza,\?i., vegetable- 

RiPuDZi, j marrow, see 

RiBUDZI, BU-DZI. 

PiDZUMUGA, V. int. (Pu- 
TA), be lost, slip from 
the grasp. 
•TJiPuGA, 71., caterpillar. 

TJIPUCJA TJITSUKU, 

centipede. 
TJiPUGANANA, w., a little 
caterpillar, or gener- 
ally, an insect. 
PuGUDZA, V. tr., bore, 

drill. 
PuGURiRA, V.J rejoice 
over. 

mPuGWA, n. (pi. BOMPUO- 

wa), iguana. 
PuiiiGA, v., see Pushiga. 
PujmuGA, v., see Pu- 

DZUMUGA. i 

TJlPUKAXANA, 71., See TJI- i 

PrCiANANA. i 

PuMODZA, V. int., rest. 
maPumodzo, w., halting- 
place. 
mPumpi', n., camel-thorn. 
PuMURiRA, v., disturb. 

PUMURIRA liURUBA 

= raise dust. 
TJiPuNDU, n., round thing, 

ball, globe. 
maPundu, n., eyebrows. 

ITA MAPUNDU = 

curdle. 
PuNOA, v., rub corn in 
hand. 
mPunoa, n., rice. 
PuNGURiRA, V. tr., pour 
into. 



mPi'NGWe, n., reed (Teb. 

ibuma). 
PuNYAjlr., throw down, 
Punza,/ dash down, 

let fall, dishonour. 

PUFUMA PFURO, 

foam, lather. 
PuPUDZA, t'., blow strong- 
ly (of the wind). 
PuRA, v., beat, thresh 
corn. 
mPurb, w., polecat. 

PURHWA,?;. (jyfl.SVS.PURA), 

be beaten, threshed ; 

hence fall, stumble. 
PuRiSA, V. tr. (Pura), 

beat hard. 
Pi'RUDZiRA, v., pat, 

stroke, rub, as in 

caressing animals. 

PURITMURA, V. (KORO- 

mora), pull down, 
throw down, dastroy. 

Pl'RURUGA, V. (BURURU- 

ga), Hap wings, fly. 
Pushiga, 1 v., see Pishi- 

PUSIGA, J GA. 

TjiPusHiGO, In., churning 
mPushigo, i stick, the up- 
right stick used in ob- 
taining tire by friction. 
May be used of a rasp, 
file, auger, gimlet, bit. 
PuTA,i;.(l) draw through 
a pipe, suck up, sniff 
up ; (2) droop, fall. 
PUTA FOi)VA=smoke 
tobacco. 
PuTiGA, v., burst as a 
pod, discharge of a 
wound, explode, fly oflf 
(of sparks). 



Put 



( 350 ) 



Ban 



MuPuTi, w., girdle, strap. 
mPuto, n., bellows. 
PuTSA, V. tr.; pull down, 
throw down (esp. in 
wrestling), let fall. 



R 

Ea, past-tense form of 
pron. Ei, it. 
buEa, n., bowels, intestines, 
viscera. Generally 

with the double prefix 
ma-bu-Ea. 

dzkwa mabura, bef 
griped. 
tjiEa, n., woollen blanket. 

Eaba, v., reckon. 
riEaba, 71., large grub 
eaten by natives. 
iEabebako, n., eggshell. 
iEabejaya, n., big boy. 
Eabo, poss. pi'on., their, 

see " Notes." 
Eabur A, V. ,catch, choose. 

RABURA IHOPB = 

catch fish. 
Eaburira, v., reward. 
tjiEaburo, n., beer skim- 
mer, fish-hook. 
buEabvurabvu, w., strips 
of meat for stewing. 

ITA BURABVURABVU 

= to cut meat into 

strips. 

Eadoga, n., see Madeko. 

Eadziga, v., lull to sleep. 

EADZo,poss. pron., their, 

see " Notes." 
Eagidza, v. (Eatidza), 
describe. 



Eagidzira, v., demon- 
strate, guide. 

Eake, poss. pron., his, 
hers, its ; see " Notes." 

Eako, poss. pron., thj^; 
see " Notes." 

Eamba, (1) V. tr., refuse, 
reject, resist, deny, de- 
spise, object, complain, 
grumble ; (2) v. aux., to 
express perseverance ; 

e.g. WA RAMBA TJI 
SWIGA MISI OSE = he 

persevered in coming 
every day. 
iEambagusona, n., co- 
loured figured blanket. 
Eambira, v., blame, for- 
bid, prohibit. 
Eambirira, v., excuse. 
maEambo, n., skeleton. 
Eamgetsana, see Eamn- 

RANA. 

Eamnra, \ V. (pass, of 

Eamnwa, ) Eamba), be 
refused ; hence be dis- 
contented. 

Eamnrana, v., disagree 
among one another, 
refuse each other. 

Eamura, j v., settle 

Eamurira, i quarrel, 
pacify, conciliate, me- 
diate, intercede. 
mEanda,?!., slave, servant. 
tjiEanda, n., little slave or 
servant. 

Eandidza, v., see Eati- 
dza. 
mEandu, n., debt, fault, 
affair, business. 

Eandudza, v., conciliate, 
pacify, reconcile. 

Eandura, v., pay a debt. 



Ban 



( 361 ) 



Bob 



compensate, adjudge to. 


thrown away, lost, 


Raxdutika, v. int., be 


strayed. 


reconciled. 


Rashigata, see Masi- 


mRanoa, 71. (1) tiger-cat; 


GATI. 


(2) cataract of the eye. 


Ratidza, V , show, point 


(Teb. umlafia). 


out, show the way to 


Ranoa, v. tr., punish. 


a lost man, conduct. 


Rangana, v. (Ranoa), 


jjfuide, put right, cor- 


conspire. 


rect. 


Rangauira, v., think, 


BA KA NDI RATIDZA 


meditate, remember, 


NJiRA = they 


be careful. 


showed me the 


Rangidza, v., conduct. 


way. 


iRangobedbme, n., car- 


Ratjo, poss. pron., its ; 


case. 


see " Notes." 


Raxgt, poss. pro7i., my, 


Raura, v., cock a gun. 


see "Notes." 


Rawira, see Madeko. 


Ranyexga, v., spread of 


Rawo, poss. pron.. its, 


a sore. 


their ; see " Notes.^' 


Raora, v., see Rayira. 


f jiRaVa, 71., sharp stick for 


Rapa, r., practice as a 


digging holes. 


doctor, give medicine, 


Raya, v., (1) com- 


dress wounds (Teb. 


Rayidza, raand, order, 


elapa). 


Rayira, instruct, di- 


mRapa, n., skin thong. 


rect, teach, persuade; 


Kara, v. int., lie down. 


(2) keep in order, set 


recline. 


straight, make 


rara hope, be a- 


straight ; (3) threaten, 


sleep. 


warn. 


maRara, n., rubbish, drift 


mRayi, j 71., lawgiver, 
mRayiri, i teacher, in- 


stuff. 


Raradza, r., cause to lie 


structor, missionary. 


down, be drunk. 


Rayiridza, v., see Ra- 


mRarahungu,?!., rainbow. 


YIDZA. 


maRarani', 71., crossways. 


mRayiko,") 71., law, com- 
tjiRaviro, } mandment. 


tjiRariro, 71., dinner, sup- 


per. 


Rayo, poss, jtron., its. 


Baro, poss. pron., its; 
.«<ce" Notes." 


their ; see " Notes." 


Razwo, poss. pron.f 


Ra.sha, v. tr.y throw 


their; «ee "Notes." 


' IN, lose, condemn 


Reba, v., (1) speak, tell. 


i ally, divorce, lead 


inform, reiK)rt, affirm. 


ii.->i ray, forsake, bury. 


proclaim,accuse, guess ; 


Ra.su id A, V. int., be 


(2) be long, deep, high. 



Reb 



( 362 ) 



Ren 



REBA ZWAMKADI,) 
KEIJA ZOKWADI, J 

speak truly, speak 
positively ; "it is 
a fact!" 
guReba, 71., (1) speech, lan- 
guage ; (2) length, 
depth, height. 
Rebana, v.^ deliberate, 

take council. 
REBANBMAjlr., deceive, 
Rebenema, J tell lies. 
Rebera, v., commend, 

recommend, report. 
Reberedzana, \i;.,de- 
Reberegedzana, /liber- 
ate, discuss, converse. 
Reberega, v., speak, an- 
nounce, proclaim. 
Reberegera, v., speak 

for, translate. 
Reberegesa, v.^ praise, 

honour. 
Rebesa, v.^ revere, wor- 
ship. 
Rebetega, v.^ see Rebe- 
rega. 
Rebetegana, v., see Re- 
beredzana. 
maRebo, n., report, account, 

narrative. 
BuREBO,|n., command, 
tjiRebo, / law, order. 
tjiRebvu, n., chin. 

Redu, poss. pron.^ our ; 

see " Notes." 

Redza,?;. ^r.,make great. 

GuREFU,\n., distance, 

buReb^u,/ length, depth, 

height. 

Refu, adj., far, long, 

high, tall, deep. 
Refurefu, adj., very 
far, long, etc. 



Reg A, V. (regedza), (1) 
cease, stop, leave off, 
give up, give in, let go, 
release, let alone, omit, 
"must not." 

REGAI GU FAMBA PO 

= you must not go 
there ; 
(2) forgive, acquit. 
Regedza, v., see Reg a. 
Rema, v. int., be heavy, 
weighty, grievous. 
tjiRema,^?!., dunce, stupid, 
iRema,/ fool, idiot. 
Remadza, v. tr., hurt, 

injure, harm. 
Remara, v. int., be hurt. 
Remba, v. int., hang 
down, be pendent. 
mRembe, n., bat. 
Rembera, v. (Remba), 
hang down to, hang 
down from. 
Remedza, v. tr., load up, 
pack up. 
tjiRemu, n., patch in a 
garment. 

MREMNWAREMNWA,n.,bat. 
KA-M-REMNWEREMNWE,|n., a 

ka-m-Rengara, /little 

bat ; (ka-m = double 
prefixes, ka the dimi- 
nutive). 
Renda, v. int., be dila- 
tory; dawdle. 
tjiRenga, w., bit, piece, 
fragment. 
iRenge, n., partridge. 
riRenje, n., (gen. plur. 
maRenje), fiat, open, 
barren, uninhabited 
country, treeless plain. 
Ren Y u, poss. pro7i., your; 
see " Notes." 



Rer 



( 853 ) 



Eim 



Eera, r., adopt child, 


she, it, see "Notes"; 


foster, nourish, nur- 


(3) aujc. vei'bj the cop- 


ture, support. 


ulative '"be." 


paRerb, adv., perhaps, pro- 


TI RI BANATU=we 


bably. 


are three. 


Reru, adj. (mReri), 


MuRi, ?i., husk of corn. 


light, not heavy, easy. 


RiBARA, r., delay (Teh.). 


Reruga, v. inf., be thin, 


TJiRiBA, 7i., a spring, foun- 


light, easj'. 


tjiin ; leaven, yeast. 


Resa, v. (Uidza), agi- 


RiBiDUdA, V. int., gallop. 


tate, disturb, fan, cool 


MirRiiio, 71., fruit, vegetable. 


by fanning. 


RiDZA, V. tr. (Rira), 


resa mepo, fan, cool. 


make a noise, sound, or 


iRetso, n., handkerchief ; 


music, play any musi- 


?.e. a square of calico. 


cal instrument, fire a 


Re VET Ec; a, v., see Re- 


gun, crack a whip, ring 


betega. 


a bell, shout. 


Reya, v., dodge, avoid, 


RIDZA MERE,\^. ^ 
RIDZA GUWO;)"^^^^ 


be cautious. 


Re van A, V. inf., be en- 


alarm. 


tangled, squint. 


RiDZANiSA, v., see Edza- 


MEHO AKE A NO RE- 


NISA. 


YAXA = his eyes 


TjiRiDZANiso, n. (tj-Edza- 


are entangled. 


Niso), a measure. 


muReyo, 71., trunk of an 


mRidzi, 71, headman. 


elephant. 


owner. 


Reza, v., saluto, greet. 


Riga, v. fr., fell (a man), 


Rezwa, v. tr., pacify a 


throw, knock or push 


crying child. 


down, upset, let fall. 


}iuRhwa,1[7i., see Gwa, 
BiKinvA,/ Hwa. 


DziRiKO, n., see ru-Gwiri- 


KO. 


Rhwadza, v., kill, TtiAke 


RiMA, V. tr. (1) dig, hoe, 


sick, see Gwadza. 


pick, cultivate ; (2) be 


Rhwara, r., bd sick ; see 


grievous. 


Gwara. 


RiMA, adj. (Dema), dark. 


miRhwi, n., see mu-Ogwi. 


iRiMA,|«., (1) darkness, 
T.J1R1MA, 1 gloom ; (2) fool. 


RiiwiRA, V , see Gwira. 


R11WI8ANI8A, v.fSeeGwi- 


R IMARA, v., see Rbmara. 


8ANI8A. 


.MARI.M^A,\?^, a musical in- 


Ri, (1) prefix and pron. 


maRimiu), 1 strumcnt, the 


sing, of the Ri-MA class 


so-called Mashuna 


of nouns, see " Notes " ; 


"piano." 


(2) pers. pron. emjth. 


RiRi.Mi, n., tongue, (the or- 


and conj. for Ari, he, 


gan), language, speech. 



A A 



Aim 



( 354 ) 



Bis 



TjiRiMi, n., little toi)gue= 
stammering,hesitation 
in speech. 

u NETjiRiMi = he 
stutters. 
RiRiMi, 71 , blaze, flame. 
TjiRiMiRA, 71., tho Pleiades. 
RiMiSA, u, dig well, dig 
fast, be diligent in 
digging. 
maRimnwezhuro, n., day 

before yesterday. 
TJiRiMO, 71. (Rima), winter 
and early spring, dry 
season (the digging 
time). 
mRimo, 71., a large pot. 
MuRiMO, n., (1) work, labour; 
(2) medicine. 

A A NETJIRIMO, he 

is unoccupied = 
he has not a 
little work (even). 
Rind A, V. tr., (1) guard, 
defend, watch, nurse 
sick, tend, superin- 
tend ; (2) lie down. 

RINDA PASI = gO to 

sleep. 

RINDA NBMAZHA = 

lie on the face. 
mRindi, 71., superinten- 
dent, guardian. ^ 
RiNDiRA, v., wait for, 
watch for. 

NDA KA M RINDIRA = 

I waited for him. 
TJiRiNDO, 71., garden hut. 
RiNGA, v., stare about in 

a general way. 
RiNGiRiRA, V. tr., stare 

at a thing. 
RiNfvisA, V. tr., stare 
fixedly, examine. 



RiSiSA, v., imitate. 
Rixi, adv., when. 
RiNZA V. (Rinda), cause 
to lie down, lull to 
sleep. 
RiPA, V. tr., recompense. 
RiPA M08WA = pay a 
debt, or fine. 
RiPiDZA, V. tr., fine. 
RiPiRA, c. tr., pay a fine 
for, redeem, propitiate, 
ransom, expiate. 
mRipiri, n., brook. 
RlPlSKWA, V. 7irtA-6-. of 

RIPIDZA. 

TJiRiPO, 77., penalty, fine. 
RiRA, V. int., cry, roar, 
sing, low, mew, etc., 
applied to the noise of 
all animals, birds and 
beasts ; also mourn, 
lament, shriek. 

GuRiRA, 77., a noise, cry, 
shriek. 

GU RIRA GWEPFUTl 

= the report of a 
gun. 

^^?!^I'l«-> buttermilk. 
maRiri,] ' 

TJiRiRi, 71., roiDe. 

RiRiDZA., V. tr., cause to 

sound, make renowned, 

revere, praise. 
RiRiRA, v., mourn for, 

console, condole with. 
RiRiSA, v., see Riridza. 
RiSA, v., tend, herd 

cattle. 
riRise, 7?., scorpion. 
RiTiDZA, v., show. 
RiYARA, V. int., be tired. 
RiZANA, v., see Idzana. 

TJiRlZANISO, 71. (TjEdZA- 

Niso), a measure. 



Ro 



( 365 ) 



Bon 



TjiRo, n., (1) thing; (2) 
nest. 

A NDI NETJIRO = I 

have nothing. 
ACT Nr.T.iiRO=there 
is notliing. 
* RoBA, /•. <;*., hit, beat, 
strike, thrash, fire a 
gun, play music. 

HA NO ROBA MA BOKO 

= they are clap- 
ping hands. 
M(r)R<>BB, n., mildew, mould. 
maRobe. ;i., marsh. 

RoBERA, v., (1) strike for, 
drive nails, stakes, [ 
make floor, drive ! 
waggon ; (2) invade, 
make war. 
maRobi, 71., see ma-Robe. 
mRobokad2u,) 71., bride 
mRobolo, ) (Teb.). 
RoBORA, V. (Teb.), give 
cattle, etc., for a wife. 

ROBORERA, V. (RoBA), 

sting, as a bee. 

RoDZA, r. tr., rub hard, 

as in sharpening tools, 

rasp, file, clean knives. 

TJiRoDZA, I /L,rasp,grind- 

T.jiRoi)ZERo,/ stone. 

mRo.MBE, ) V, 'f 

Rombedza, r. fr., tire, 

make tired. 
RoMBERA, r., be tired, 
weary. 
BiRoMBo, ;i., poverty. 
MRombo, w., poor man. 
RiRf»Mfu», M., a hurtful 
spirit or ghost. 
.m(it)Romo, n., mouth, lip, 
entrance to a cave or 
hole, herd. 



MROMO WEPFUTI, 

muzzle of a gun. 

MROMO WEHOXDO, 

van of an impi. 

MROMO WEWBRE = 

brink of a preci' 
pice. 

MROMO WEPFUMO = 

point of a spear. 

ROXDA, ?)., (1) follow, 

pursue; (2) render an 
account, narrate. 
RONDA NOzo= trace 
spoor. 
RiRoN'DA,l77., (1) scar, 
TjiRoxDA, f wound, sore, 
ulcer ; (2) spoor of 
game ; (3) pot clay. 

MERA MAROXDA = 

break out into 
sores. 
RoxDORA, v., reap, 
RoxGA, f., arm for war, 
prepare for war, go to 
war. 

RONOA PFl'MA, Call 

an army togetlier. 
RONOAXA, r., go or fol- 
low in procession, fol- 
low one another. 

ROXOEDZA, V. (RoXGA). 

pack up preparatory 
to a start. 
RoxGERBRA, t?., lay up, 

put by. 
mRoxoo, 71., chief wife of 
the chief, the second in 
rank. 
T.nlloxoo, 71., waterpot. 
maRox(;we, «., driftwood. 
RoNRBSA, V, int. J talk 

much. 
RoNYBliuA, v.f break out 
in sores. 



Eop 



( 3B6 ) 



Ruil 



RiilorA, 71., clot of blood, 
a definite quantity of 
blood, sap. 
maRopa, 7J.., blood. 

DONA MARorA, bleed. 
BVA MAROPA, bleed. 
TJiRoPA, n., liver. 

NBTjiROPA, valiant. 
"Rota, v., talk in sleep, 
dream. 

IMBA I NO rota = 

the hut dreams 
{i.e. is haunted). 
RiHoTA,) w., dream ; hence 
TJiRoTAjl lies, false ac- 
cusation, plot ; chiefly 
in the plui\ 
iRoTA, n., ashes. 
RoTAMOGA, f., be an- 
xious, disturbed. 
RoTSA, see Rota. 
RowA,)?;. tr., bewitch. 
RoYA, j exercise magic. 
m(u)Royi, n., witch, villain, 
scoundrel. 
BuRowi, ) ??., witchcraft, 
BuRoYi, )' poison. 
RozHA, n., see ru-Zha. 
RozWA, v., churn. 

ROZWA MAFUTA = 

churn butter. 
Ru, noun prefix, see 

" Notes." 
RuBA, v., write. 

^g^^^'lr?., bloom, flower. 
iRUBI, ) ' ' 

TJiRuBi, n., top of a house. 
RuDZA, V. tr.j (1) cause to 
vomit, disgust, nause- 
ate, vomit exceedingly ; 
(2) winnow. 

GU RUDZA MOYO 

WANGU = Iam dis- 
gusted. 



Ruga, v. tr., (1) knit, 
plait, weave; (2) vomit; 
see Turuga. 
TjiRuGU, w., sheep kraal. 
RuGUTiGA, V. int., be 
weak, feeble. 

RUGUTU, adj., (GUGUTU), 

feeble. 
kaRukodzi, n. (ka-ru- 
KoDZi), hawk, spar- 
row-hawk. 
RuMA, v., bite; hence 
itch, smart, pain ; (2) 
kiss, court, woo. 
mRi MANA, n., son. 
Rumba, ^•., find out 
something not known 
before, invent. 
mRumbi, n., a white man. 
BARUMBi, white 

people. 
TJiRuMBi, 9j..,fame, honour. 
NETJiRUMBi, famous. 
RUMBIDZA, V. tr., make 

famous. 
RUMBIRA, v., be famous, 
have a good name. 
mRumi, n., man, husband, 
bridegroom. 
Rumega,) v. tr., bleed, 
Rumiga, J cup, scarify. 
mRumigo, n., cupping 
horn. 
RuMiRA, v., (1) bite at or 
for ; (2) castrate sheep 
and goats. 
RuMURA, v., dry up of a 

milch cow. 
RuNDA, V. int., be robust, 
stalwart, strong. 
maRunda, n., sinews by 
which the blade of an 
assegai is fastened to 
the shaft. 



Ron 



( 367 ) 



Sam 



iRi'XDA, «., a rank, line 
of men. 
IT A Rixi>A, stand in 
line. 
RrxDoBviKA, ^^, gnaw, 
gnaw to pieces, tear 
into pieces. 
RrxoA,r.,pour,sprinkle, 
as with salt. 
iRrxGA, «., reetl, flag. 

RlWSBRA, V, (RUNOA), 

pour into. 

RIXOERA PFl'TI = 

load a gun. 
iRrx(;iT, n., a reed. 
kaRixowa, 71., a row of 
things. 
Ri xva, see ruNya. 
luRri'i, «., brain. 
taRupo, adv. {see ruPo), 
beside. 
RiTRA, V. inf., be clever, 

" cute." 
RlRAMA, v., (1) be 
straight, go straight; 
(2) be righteous, faitli- 
ful, just, true, chaste, 
good ; (3) be ready, fit ; 
(4) improve, recover of 
health. 
(mRi'Rama, I n, rectitude, 
iirRiRAMA,/ virtue,chas- 
tity. 
Ri'RAMiDZA,) t'.,arrange, 
HiRAMiSA, i make 
read^', put in order, 
prepare, disentangle-, 
explain, adjust, rectify , 
repair, correct, im- 
prove, make good. 
UiKAMNRA, ilep. v., see 

RlRAMA. 

luRiRt', n, (1) brain; (2) 
scrapings of hides. 



RuRUMNRA, clep. v., be 
displeased, find fault, 
grumble, complain. 

RusERt:, adj., invisible, 
black (of the moon). 

Rita, r., surround. 
paRutihi, adv. (ruTibi), 
by the side of. 
! maRutit, n.y see maRota. 
j RuzHA,/i.(RiTZHA),noise. 

I BuRiizwi, »., brain. 

I RwiRA, v., see Gwira , 

I fight for. 



iSababa, »., bug. 
buSabira, n. (buSawira) 
friendship. 
xSabasi, 11., a native 
edible fruit; umtaka- 
boinvu of the Mate- 
bele. 
Sadaguoa, v. inf., bo 

sprained. 

Sadagura, v. tr., sprain. 

iSadza, 71., .see riSh adza 

mSafitrIjIw., brass, cop- 

iSafitri,J per, armlets 

of brass and copper. 
Sagama, r. int., stand 
upright. 
mSaiiwa, n., big boy. 
Saira, v., .see Savira. 
ruSaka, n., see rtShaka. 

iSAKARA, see SlIAKARA. 

riSala, m., a line of i^eople. 
I'Samaxga, n., wild cat. 
Samaradza, v., stretch 
out. extend. 



Sam 



( 3B8 ) 



Sed 



Sambira, see SiiAMmiiA. 

mSambo, 72., bundle, load. 

miSamkanke, n., see ma- 

SosEMKANKB, red ants. 

iSamu, ?j., see iZhamu. 

miSana, ?i., (1) back of the 

body, lumbar regions ; 

(2) placenta of beasts, 

uterus ; (3) barrel of a 

gun(MSANA WEPFUTi). 

Sanduga, v., see Sha- 

NDUGA. 

Sandigira, v., see Sha- 

NDUGIRA. 

Sanga, v. (Sega), laugh. 
Sangadza, v., be comic, 

make to laugh. 
SANGANAj.see Shangana. 
maSango, 71., bushes for 
hedging. 
mSangu, n. (mShango), 
uninhabited country, 
the open country or 
" veldt." 
Sanu, adv. ( = si-ANu), 
not yet. 
riSanzu, 71., branch. 
Sara, v. {j)erf. sere), 
stay abide, remain. As 
an " adieu," SARA is a 
contraction for sara 
zwAKANAKA = remain ] 
well! (j9Z. Sarai). ! 

iSaresare, 7?., ash-heap. ' 
maSaro, 71., the tree called j 
by the Matebele ma- 
pane. 
ruSaro, 71., beads. 

Sarura, see Sayira. 
tjiSaruro, n. (Sharura), 
beer skimmer. 
Sasa, t;., see Shasha. 
mSasa,7^, see Shasha, cut 
bashes, 



iSasa, 7<., bar to close hut 
door. 

Sasiga, v. tr., roast, ap- 
plied chiefly to the 
cooking of meat. 
Sayira, 7;. fr., hustle, 
push, thrust. 
mSazamiro, 71., the stick 
or pole placed between 
the camp fire and the 
grass of the sleeping- 
place ; sometimes for 
pillow. 
ri'Sazara, 7?., mat, bed. 
Se, adv., as, like, accord- 
ing to, in like manner, 
even as. 
muSe, 71., year. 

MiSE YOSB, annually, 
continuallj'^, al- 
ways. 
muSebe,") 
mSbbe, f 77., arrow. 
nSebe,-^ 

MSEBE WENlTNGr = 

quill of porcu- 
pine. 

NSEBE YEPFrMA = 

barb of a spear. 

MISEBE YEZHUBA = 

sunbeams. ^ 
riSebesebe, 71.. whisper. 

ITA 8EBESEBE, whis- 
per. 

Sebura, v., break up 

fresh garden ground, 

clear off grass. 
Sededza, ?;., bring near, 

cause to approach. 
Sedbra, v. (Senera, Se- 

jera), keep close to, 

approach. 



Sed 



( 



Set 



SEDKRA EKO, make 
rcKnn for, move on. 

SRUEKA (;r TJENA, 

fall backwards. 
Sedz^keua r. (Sedeua), 

cause to approach. 

SEi:A, )?"., laugh, smile, 

Segera, )' mock, deride. 

SEOEKA NZiRA, grin. 

Secierera, v., (1) grin ; (2) 

undulate as waves of 

water. 

SE(iEDZA r. (DzmiRA), 

bear, support. 
Se<;idzaj r., cause to 
8e<hsa, j laugh. mimic, 
be comic, absurd. 
rSE<^JURr, 71., (1) ancestor; 
(2) eldest brother of 
mother. 
Sei, adv., how, by what 
means, in what man- 
ner. ' 
Sp::jera, r., see Sedera. 
iSekwe, 7?., duck, wild 

goose. 
mSele, ?j., side. 

Sema, ?"., hate. 
riSembura, //., noise. 
iSeme, v., beer basket, 

cup, drinking vessel. 
Senda, ?'., (1) dig a hole ; 

(2) carve, cut. 
SENi>AMA,r.,lean against, 
lean on, rest oneself. 
riSenua, «., traveller. 
Senueoa, v., erect, set up. 
Sexdkdza,) t*., stir, re- 
SENDB.TA, / plenish(the 

fire). 
Senera, r., xpp Sedera. 
mSenokre, n., bamlxK). 



Skn(;a, v., (1) carry (a 
load), bear, support; 
(2) lower (of the sky). 
mSexgo, ) 71., a load, 
mSexgwa,/ bundle, bur- 
den. 
iSbnjere, see iSiiexjere. 
Sexvi'ra, v. inf., come 

off, come loose. 
Sexya, r., put on. 

SEXY A HAXZr = put 

on clothes. 
mSenzere, v. (xZenza), 

long walking-stick. 
iSexze, n. (xZenza), bar- 
ren cow. 
Serb (Sei.e), adr., on 
that side, on the lower 
side, lower down. 
fambaiseregikwi- 
zi=goontheother 
side of tlie river. 
tjiSere, \n., honey bear 
iSererb,) or ratel. 
Sererega, v. int., sink. 
sererega Miiirxo- 
N we = sink (stick) 
in the mud. 
ri'Sbro, »., the flat basket 
used in winnowing, 
hence a sieve. 
Sbsa, v., peel pumpkins 
by a peculiar chopping 
movement. 
maSehe, 7j., .^ee ma-Setje. 
RiSEsrRO, 7 J., east. 

I S ET.I k:, 1 (m Sn kt j k) , 7? . , 
RiSi-rrjB, > soil, ground, 
mSet.ie, ) earth, especi- 
ally sandy soil, gravel, 
sand. 
maSetje (Sesb), n., dregs 
of beer, " grains " after 
brewing. 



Sez 



( 360 ) 



Sha 



iSezi, n., kind of klip- 
springer. 
Sezwa, ad V.J like ; see 
Se. 
MuSiiA, n., town, kraal, 
station, abode, home. 

PA MUSH A rANGU = 

at my home. 
tjimuSha, 71., village. 

SiiABA, (1) V. tr.^ hunt; 

(2) adj. J red, brown. 
iShaba, n., (1) eland ; (2) 

a thong of skin. 
iShabahuru, ?i., tam- 
bootie grass. 
riShabeshabi,\71., butter- 
riShabi, / fly. 

riShadza, n., porridge. 
Shag A, v., .see Tsaga. 
Shagara, see Shaka- 

RA. 

mShagazengwe, n., bam- 
boo. 

Shagura, v. tr.y weed (a 
garden). 

Shagugwa, v. pa,ss. of 
Shagura. 

iShaka,\71., a wood, cop- 

ruShaka,/ pice. 

maShakada, n., dough 

made of boiled ground 

mealies mixed with 

honey. 

Shakara, v. int., be old, 
aged, decayed, dilapi- 
dated (of things inani- 
mate) ; e.g. musha u 

NO SHAKARA = the 

town is dilapidated. 
maShakashakara,?l, rags. 
Sham A, v. int., open the 
mouth, be surprisefl, 
to wonder, admire, to 
^ape, yawfl. 



mtjega wa ka sha- 

MA, the calico 

gapes, i.e. is coarse 

in texture. 

Shamba, v. int., bathe, 

wash, float, swim. 
iShamba (Joto), n., small 

wild pumpkin. 
Shambadza, v. tr., sell, 

barter. 

SHAMBADZiRA,?;.,sell for, 

help to sell ; buy, bribe. 

kaShambha, see iShamha. 

Shambidza, IK tr., wash 

(dishes, calico, etc.). 
Shambira, v. tr., (1) go 
to war, invade ; (2) 
keep down, in sub- 
jection. 
iShambira, n., duck, wild 

goose. 
Shamenya, v. (Shama), 
gape, J' awn, hence to 
stretch after sleep. 
iSHAMHA,\?z.,(l)dirt, filth ; 
kaShamhAjI (2) distress, 
adversity. 
iShamira, ?i., muzzle of a 

gun. 
Shamidza, 1 ?^. tr., as- 
Shamisa, J ton ish, sur- 
prise, cause to wonder, 
tjiShamnre,^. (Tj-amhre), 
tick, the insect. 
iShamnwart, ??., see 
iShamwari. 
riShamo,\'^m I'od, switch, 
riShamu,/ hence ramrod. 
iShamwart, n., friend, 
companion. 
buShamwari, n , friend- 
ship. 
Shamwaridzana, v., be 
friendly, intim9,te. 



Sha 



( 361 ) 



Shft 



Shana, adj.^ wide, broad. 
huShaxa,! 



(.juShaxaJ 



»., breadth. 



mShaxa, w. (muSana), 
backbone, back of the 
body. 
maShana, «., see Shaxga. 
SnANDUGA,i;.m^, change 
a purpose, alter one's 
mind, turn round, re- 
pent, vary. 
Shandugira, v. (Saxdi- 
gira), turn inside out, 
to misrepresent. 
Shaxdura, t'.^r., change, 
alter, reply, turn ; 
hence paint. 
mShaxduro, 71., paint. 
ruShaxga, 7l.(Rr-TsAXGA), 

(1) stalk of corn, maize, 
grass, a reed, straw ; 

(2) pipe made from a 
stalk for musical pur- 
poses. 

PA DZISHANGA = 

among the reeds, 
a reedy place. 
iSiiAXGA, n. (iTsanga), 
a single grain of any- 
thing, a spot, dot; an 
unit, a berry. 

ISIIAXGA YOMUTI, a 

berry or fruit of a 
tree. 

I.SHAX(JA YEZISO, (1) 

pupil of the eye; 
(2) a cataract of 
the eye. 
Shangaxa, v. inf., meef, 
oome together, en- 
counter, be compact 
(of the parts of a 
thing), be allied. 

PA KA SHANOANA, 



corner, joint, con- 
fluence of rivers, 
junction of roads, 
etc. 
mashaxgaxa nzira, 
" well met " ; see 
maShaxgi. 
Shaxgaxira, 17. ew/.,take 

part with. 
Shaxgaxi.sa, ^r.Jointo- 
Shangaxidza,/ gether, 
place together in con- 
tact, connect, unite, 
combine, mingle, mix, 
meet (act). 
iShaxgaxo, 71., junction, 

corner. 
iSlIAXGAXYOGA, ??., a va- 
riet3' of reed, marked 
like a snake. 

MTJECiA WESHANGA- 

xvo(!A, striped 
calico. 
riShaxgarawe, 71., a bur- 
ly strapping fellow. 
maSmaxgi, inferj., greet- 
ing when friends meet 
at a strange place = 
well met ! 
RiSnAXGu,ui., (1) land, 
riSjiaxcjit, > territory, 
mSmaxgu,) veldt, dis- 
tance, distance between 
two i)laces ; (2) boot, 
shoe, sandal. 

MASIIAXGO OSE = tl»e 

earth. 
tjiShangu, 11., war-shield. 
Shaxgura, v. tr., ham- 
mer gently, slap. 
iShaxiro, 71., seed. 
iSiiAXjE, 71., weed. 
iShaxsiie, 7j., jealousy^ 
euvy. 



Sha 



Shi 



iSiiANii, ?i., axe, liatchet. 
Shanu, aclj., five (5). 

KASiiANU, five times. 
Shanya.) . ... 
ShanvaIP-'^'-'^^^^^- 
Shapaira, v. int., bub- 
ble, sputter. 
SiiAiuJiiA, V. /?'., clean. 

SHAPLIRA MGAMNWA 

= clean the mouth. 

SiiARA, v., (1) pick, 
choose, prefer, select ; 
(2) pay tribute. 

Sharudza, v., choose. 

Sharura, v.,' (1) prefer, 
select, choose from ; (2) 
pay tribute to. 

Shasha, v. tr. (Sasa), 
shake, shake water 
about, sprinkle, make 
damp. 
nShasha, [(mSasa, mSha- 
mShahha, J zu), n., (1) 
chopped bushes, brush- 
wood ; (2) a camp made 
of bushes, a " cattle 
post." 



Shashamura, 



beat, 



shake blanket, clothes. 
iShasiii, n., sheep tick. 
iSiiASHiCiO, ??,, skin apron 

of girls. 
Shatuga, v. int., turn 

round in a circle. 
iSiiAWE, ) n., fountain, 
iShawi, S spring. 

MASIIAWE, a bog, 
swamp. 
SiiAYA, V. tr,, need, lack, 

feel want of, want. 
RirSiiAYA, n., cheek, jaw. 
SiiAYKiA, V. int., (1) be 

in need, be deficient, 

scarce, lost, " clean 



gone"; (2) take shel- 
ter. 

RiSiiAziiu, n. (nShasha), 
branches cut off. 

(u)SnE, «. (/>Z. ca-she), king, 
chief, governor, mas- 
ter, leader, lord, officer. 

uuShe, n., chieftainship, 
authority. 

ShEREI)ZA,.SwSH()REI)ZA. 
iSlIEJU, n. (iSlIEZHU), 

cotton blanket. 

mShen(jo, n., see mSenoo. 

iShenjere, n. {of. T.te- 

njere), barren female. 

M aSheshe, n., see ma-Setje. 

iShesiiigo, n., nee iSha- 

SIIIGO. 

Sheta, v., see Sweta. 
Shetera, 1'., copulate (of 
dogs). 

Sheya, 2)', see Shaya. 
iShezha, n., sweet pota- 
to (purple varietj') ; 
.see also iZhizha. 
RiSnEZHU, n., (1) honey 
bird ; (2) cotton blan- 
ket ; see i-Tjezhu. 

Shiba, v. tr.^ guard, 
watch. 

Shiga, v. tr., rub, rub 
out, cross out, erase. 
RiSiiiNDA, n. (Teb. u-Tjin- 
da), string. 

SiiiNGA, V. int., work, 
labour. 

SiiixGiRA, V. tr., serve, 
earn ( = work for). 

Shingisa, v. tr., set to 
work. 

iSiiiNGisniNGi, ??., blue 
crane. 



Shi 



( 363 ) 



Sho 



mShingo, n., work. 
Shinidza, v. tr., stir (the 

pot). 
Shinika, r., wear orna- 
ments. 
Shixwa, v. inf., pla^- 
tricks, be mischievous. 
Shira, v., put by. 
iSiiiRi, w., bird. 
SiiiRiWAKA, v., scratch, 
as a cat. 
urSniTjK, 71., see Setje. 
iShitsimo, n., scurf. 
nSiiiwa, n., see \-Jiba. 
mSiiiya, i*., serum of the 
blood. 
RiSiiiVK, ?i., baby. 
iSiiiznA. n. (M-imisHu), 
leaf, leafy husk ; (in 
tlie pi.) cut branches 
(r/. iZhiziia). 

SlIKAXSIIKATA, V. ?H^, 

trot 
Shka, see Hla. 
Shkora, v., break ; see 

Hlora. 
Shkwinva, r., whine. 
MiiSiio, n., see me-So. 

Smobedza, r., call, sum- 
mon, invite, demand, 
ask for, require. 
iShouhla, n.y a large 

edible grub. 
SnoixxtA, r. inf., be 
sprained. 
riShodzi n. (Siiora), a 

spy. 
RrSii()(;A, 71., see Shoko. 
JiSnoKA. 71., velocity, 
rapiaity, speed. 

.voMsiioKA, rapid, 
swift. 
iSiiOKO, 71., (1) niopkey; 
(2) voicQ. 



ruShoko 71. (ri'-Shoka), 
' (1) foot, paw; (2) foot- 

I mark, six)or. 

maShoko, words, news, re- 
port, tale, account of 
an incident, rumour, 
message, order, 
Shokosiia, v. fr., scoop 
I out, as inside of dried 

I calabashes (gourds). 

i mShokosha, 7j., large 

! wooden trough. 

j SiioLALA, see Shorera. 

I SiiOMA, U'. i)it., be 

j Shomana,^ small, few, 

decrease, shrink, be- 
come less. 
I SuoMANiDZA, » 7-. <r., les- 

! Shomanisa, j sen, re- 

\ duce, decrease. 

SiioMAPARA, V. inf., di- 
minish, grow less. 
' SiioMEfJA, V. int., plant, 

set up. 
SfioMORA, i: fr., loosen, 
liberate, outspan. 

SIIOMORA NKOR0 = 

j take off the brake. 

I SHOMUHA 1'AN(;A = 

i draw a knife from 

I its sheath. 

I SHOMOKA IIITKU = 

I pluck a fowl. 

SIIOMOUA ZINO-pull 

out a tooth. 
SiioMOCJA, r. int., come 
of!* come out, become 
free, get loose. 
. SiiONA, v., hiss. 

1 Siio.MJA, t\, adorn one- 

self, wear ornaments. 
mShosoa, n., medicine. 

Sll()N(»A8HUN(l A, 7J., thicU 

bush. 



Sho 



( 364 ) 



Si 



iSiiONGO, w., personal or- 
nament. 
mShongosiionoo, 71., back- 
bone, spine. 
Shongotsega, v. hit., to?s 
the head as cattle in 
walking. 
RiSnoNGWE, w., rock. 
iShoni, n., shame. 

NESHONi, ashamed. 
Shopera, v. tr., throw. 

SIIOPERA A(!ATA = 

throw the divining 
bones. 
SnORA, V. tr., look, spy, 

scout, explore. 
SiiORERA, V. tr., look at | 
intently with a pur- 
pose, examine, spy into 
RiSiiORi, n., scout, spJ^ 
mShoro (mSoro), n., head, 
top, point of a stick. 
SiiosiiA, v., make a fence. 
Shosiiera, v., enclose. 

SnOSHOMOLA,)?;., pay a 

bHOsiiOMORA,j debt re- 
munerate. ' 

iShosiiori, n., shirt. 

iShowari, n., whitecrane. 

►Shozhera, r. (Shora), 
peep. 

Shudza, v., be lame. 

SmrGURA,z;.f;-., unfasten, 
loosen. 

SriUGURA NFCORO = 

take off the brake. 
feHUGiTSHA, r. rut., be 

bare, naked, be loose 
iShitmba, ??., lion. 
Shumiga, v., turn upside 
down. 

SHUNAMA,r., cringe, bow 
down, 



Shunamidza,) V. tr 
Shunamisa, j cause to 
bow, cause to stoop, 
turn over, turn upside 
down. 
iSiiUNGU, 11., anxietj^, an- 
ger, nervous disturb- 
ance. 
nda fa nesfiuxgu, 
I was anxious 
(angry). 
mSiiunje, n., bundle, 
packet, parcel. 
Shiinva, v., pinch, take 

pinch of snuff. 
iShupa, 7?., the vessel used 
for sour milk. 
MASmiRA, n., omen (used as 
an expletive), " bad 
luck to it!" 
NAMASiiURA, omin- 
ous. 
Shure, prep., after, be- 
hind, used with gu 

MIT, PA. ' 

ENDA PASIIURE PA- 

NGU = go behind 
me. 
Shurigirwa, v. (Shure), 

be solitary, lonely 
iSiiuRO,)n., hare; .^ee 
iShuru,/ iTsuru. 
Shushura, v. tr., eat 
morning meal, break- 
fast. 
SHUSHURTrnzA, v., lead, 
drag, draw, as oxen by 
a rein passed through 
the nose. 
Shuwa, v., lead (oxen). 
Shuzha, v.tr., buy, bribe 
SiiwAviRA, v., .see Tswa- 

IRA. 

Si or StNGA, (1) v. aux. 



Si 



( 965 ) 



of negative force, e.g. 


• 
mSigana, Ti,, a young girl. 


BA KA BA SI ro, tliey 


mSigi, n., creator. 


^vere not here; nda 


mSigogo n. (Siga), char- 


NDI SING A GARI, I WaS 


acter. 


not sitting; (2) prep., 


-|;-;;n.,ni.„t. 


underneath, below, e.g. 


l'ASIPA...,GU SI GU..., 


ESIKU, at night. 


MU81MU...,XYASIMU...; 


SlMA r. (SiMBA), (1) 


(3) adv., down lower, 


stand firm ; (2) plant, 


down south, down 


transplant. 


river; e.g. ezasi, gu- 


mSima, 11., den, cave. 


ZASI, guxyasi. 


SiMBA, V. hit., be strong, 


M^i:;;''-.^''>-- 


fast, secure, tight, firm, 


hard, stout, sure, good, 


Misi Y08E, continu- 


sound, true, certain, 


ally, always,of ten. 


resolute. 


NASI, to-day. 


maSimba, \ n., strength. 


TjiSi, /«., a day of absti- 


iSiMBA,) ability, capa- 


nence, a fast. 


bility, force, ix)wer. 


TJISI tjaMxwari = 


NAMASiMBA, able. 


Sunday. 


strong, energetic. 


mSi,"^«., (1) stamping 


diligent, indus- 


Mi:Si,[ pole for pounding 


trious. 


nSi,3 grain; (2) rain- 


ITA NAMASIMBA = do 


bow; MSI WEMVIRA. 


(it) speedily. 


BiSi, 1 /I., smoke, mist ; see 


SiMBARARA, V. (SiMBA), 


MUSi,/ MU-TSI. 


be strong for (against). 


RUSiBA, 71., feather. 


be diligent, indus- 


Sibvura, v., kick (of 


trious, steadfast. 


men) ; see Pfura. 


RiSiMBE, n., a slow, idle, 


SiGA, V. tr., (1) bore, 


sulky person, sluggard. 


churn; (2) create. 


maSimbe, n., see maZimbe. 


8i(iA MOTO, kindle 


BuSiMBE, n., slowness, idle- 


fire by friction. 


ness, sulkiness, obsti- 


si(;a pfuro, foam at 


nacy, reluctance. 


the mouth. 


NOBl'SIMBE, sulky, 


MAKORI A NO SIGA 


idle. 


mvura, the sky 


SiMiUDZA, t v., make firm, 


lowers, lit. the 


SiMUisA, ^strong. tight; 


clouds are churn- 


secure, fix, prove, con- 


ing rain. 


firm, corroborate. 


nrSi(;A, «.. churning stick. 


SiMBisisA, f., make very 


maSkjalala, w., embers, 


strong. 


firebrands. 


SiMiQA, V. int.f stick in 



Sim 



So 



the ground, as pegs, 


TjiSiRA, w., red clay. 


stakes. 


imSiRi, n., floor. 


SiMIRA, V. tr., (1) fix 


SiSA, \ v., let down, let 
SiSISA, 1 go. 


stakes or pegs in the 


ground ; (2) adorn the 


INOMIiE YA KA SISISA 


person. 


= the cow has 


RiSiMU, n., strong man. 


given (her) milk. 


SiMUDZA, v.fr., lift, raise. 


RuSiso, n. (cf. SwiswA\ 


ZWI NO SIMUDZA 


envy. 


MVURA, the sky 


SiswiNA, V. tr., .suck 


lowers, rain ga- 


(sweets). 


thers. 


maSiwa, 71., " grains " after 


SIMUDZA MOYO = pro- 


brewing. 


voke. 


SiYA, V. tr., leave, for- 


GURUBA GU NO SI- 


sake, omit, neglect, 


MUG A = the dust 


abandon, desert. 


flies about. 


SiYiRA, V. tr., leave for. 


SiMUGA, V. int., stand up. 


iSizi, n., owl. 


arise, start, get away, 


Skanskata, ?'., gallop. 


remove. 


buSkwa,71. (BuHwA),grass. 


maSinana, n., young birds. 


tjiSkwa, n., a bundle of 


Sin AM A, V. int., look 


grass. 


stern, knit brows. 


Skwedera, v. int., stand 


frown, make a wry 


aside. 


face. 


Skwendira, v., bite. 


SiNDiRA, v., see TsiN- 


gnaw, as applied to 


DIRA. 


rats and mice. 


iSiNE, n., grass seed. 


Skwera, v., dawdle. 


SiNEDZA,Ti;. tr., see So- 

SlNERA, i NEDZA, Or 


riSkwi, n. (RiHwi), word. 


nSkwi, n., veldt, grass 


Sededza. 


country. 


SiNGA, see Si. 


muSkwi, n., tail of animal 


maSini, n., gums of the 


or bird, tail feather. 


teeth. 


brush of tail, hence a 


SiNiRA, v., put forth 


fan to drive away 


leaves. 


flies. 


RiSiNO, n., see riZino. 


kuSkwiskwi, n., short 


SiNYANGA, v., compress. 


green grass, si:)ringing 


SiNYiRA, v., hiss, sing (of 


after fire. 


boiling water). 


nSkwiza n. (nSwiza), 


iSiNZA, 71., oribi (Nana- 


camelopard. 


tragus scoparius). 


iSo, n. (iTso), kidney. 


SlPlRA MATE, v., spit, 


TjiSo, n., likeness. 


showing contempt. 


ziSu, n. {plur. ajeso), eye ; 



I^od 



( 367 ) 



M 



a gun-sight, esp. the 
foresight. 
Sud<)M(x;a, l\ (TSWEDE- 

muga), slide, slip. 
S<)DYA,\ v. tr., find fault, 
SoDZA, j spurn, disre- 
gard, despise; hence 
cast young, abort. 
mSodzi,) . 

iSucvANA, n., boy or young 



SOGIDZIRA, V. (TSOGIDZI- 

ra), set dogs at. 
SojA, r., see SonzA. 
mSoko, »., see mShoko. 
iSoMA, n., giraffe. 
SoN'A, v., sew, inoculate. 

80NIUA TJUMA = 

thread beads. 

80NATIUA NOMUOMO 

= drink from a 
river lying on the ' 
ground. 
SONAMIDZA, ??., fold. 

.SONABIIDZA MAHOKO 

«=fold the arms. 
SoxEDZA r. (Sixedza), ! 

bring near. i 

Sonera v. (Sixera), | 

come near. 
RiS<iXf;ozA, »?. (mZongo- | 

8A), backbone. i 

Soxu;a, r., inject, ad- i 

minister an enema. 
iSoxo, n. (iTsuxo), awl, 

needle. 
Soxy(m;a v. (Tyckia), bo ' 

dislocated. 
SoxYoRA, V. tr., dislo- 
cate. 
iS<)i»A, ?\, enter, penetrate 
3iSoi'ER(>, n., ramrod, pan { 

cover of flint guns. i 



mSopodzi, ;i., a spy. 
SoRA, v., grumble, be 
displeased. 
uiSoKA, «., dry old grass. 
maSora, n., weeds, rubbish. 
mSoro n. (mShoro), head, 
crown of head, sum- 
mit, peak, tip of any- 
thing, top. 
PAMSORO, above, up. 
tjimSoro, n. (mSoro), knob 
( = a little head). 
S()8A (Sodza), v., stop a 
road. 

U XO TEMERA Ml'TI, 
U SOSE XZlUA = he 

is felling a tree to 
stop the road. 
SosERA, t\, stop a road 
for a purpose. 
maSosemkanke, «., red 
ants, the so-called 
sugar ants. 
maSosoro, 7?., a resting- 
place. 
SoTA, V. tr., nauseate. 
TJiSoTi, n., village. 

SoTOciA, V. inf., (1) slip 
from hand or handle, 
come loose ; (2) be 
chafed, torn, have a 
rash on skin, 
SoTORA, V. ti\, (1) draw 
as a sword or knife, 
cause to slip or cx)me 
loose ; (2) rub, chafe, 
graze. 
SuTWA, v., have heart- 
burn. 
T.11S1T, n., stomach, abdo- 
men. 

NETJisr, with child. 

MiSmu, \ ;i.(mSuwo), ojien- 

iSuBO,/ ing, doorway, 



Sub 



( 868 ) 



^un 



threshold, entrance 
to cattle kraal, cave, 
house ; orifice, oppor- 
tunity, occasion. 

Si'BURA, V. tr., (1) chafe, 
graze skin ; (2) strip 
off, tear off, cast skin, 
undress; (3) separate 
fibres of bark, etc. 

SudubuctA,) «;.,(Sunubu- 

SUDUNUGA,/ GA), Step 

backwards, fall back- 
wards. 
SuGA, V. tr. (Suka), (1) 
prepare skins, soften, 
rub, scrape, tan skins ; 
(2) wash clothes, dishes. 
SUGA MROMO, rinse 
the mouth. 
SuGiRA, V. tr., prepare 

(skins) for. 
iSuGUBiRi, n., earth- 
worm. 
BuSuGWA, n., beer. 

SuKURUTSA, v., see Suga. 
iSuKO, n., lime. 

DZUDZURA NESUKO, 

whitewash. 
MuSuKU, n., heavy rain. 
Sum A, V. tr., announce, 
report. 

SUMA IKOKO, go 

round there (lit.=^ 

report that place). 

iSuMBO, n., kerry, club ; 

see iSwiMBO. 
SuMURA, V. tr., loosen, 
unfasten. 

SUMURA NKORO, SU- 
MURA MAJOTI — 

. take off' the brake. 
maSunda ??. (Sunubuga), 
backwards. 

WA KA ENDA MA- 



SUNDA = he went 
backwards. 
Sundaidza,") v. tr., con- 
SuNDiDZA, > duct,guide, 
SuNDiRA, 3 accompa- 
ny ; hence push. 
iSuNDU, n., cast off snake 

skin. 
Sung A, v. tr. (Tsunga) 
tie, bind, fasten, tie 
up, wrap up. 

SUNG A MOYO, be 

bold. 

SuNGAMiRA, v., be dis- 
appointed ; doubt, hesi- 
tate. 

SUNGANIDZA, V. tr., tie 
together. 

iSuNGARi, n. (Sunga), 
strip of calico. 

Sungarira, v. (Tsunga- 
rara), be bold, brave. 

Sung ATA, v. tr., tie 
up (animals), inspan. 

SuNGiRA, v., tie for, tie 
to, inspan, lock door. 

WA KA ZWISUNGIRA 

MTSIBA = he has 
hung himself by 
the neck. 
SuNGiDZA.) v., bind 
SuNGiSA, / tightly, 
cause to bind. 
MuSuNGO,)M., string, rope, 
mSungo, / cord, line,thong. 
zwiSuNGO, n., brake of a 
wagon. 
iSuNGO, 72., stench. 
SuNGURiRA, V. tr., tie a 
knot. 
TjiSuNGURO, n., beer strain- 
er. 
iSuNGURURO, n., centi- 
pede. 



Sun 



( 369 ) 



Swi 



SuNOU.siCiA, V. int., sway 

about, shake. 
SuxousiRA, V. tr., shake 

(the head). 
iSiXGWA, /*., an edible 

herb (Teh. uluDe). 
mSinjk, 7i., .see mSiiunje. 
SrxsA, V. t)'., shake. 

SINSA MUSK WE = 

wagtail. 
Srssi'MAHA, v., sit on 

haunclies, squat. 
SiNiTBUCJA, V.J sec SUDU- 

BIGA. 

SrxiNdir.A, V. int., be 
loose, slack, free. 

Siini:n(iuka, v. tr., loos- 
en, uncoil, unfold, un- 
tie, release, deliver, 
liberate, acciuit, re- 
deem, outspan, dis- 
entangle. 

Sl'sira, v., castrate 
sheep and goats. 
.srxiJRA MEso, at- 
tract attention. 

SuNYA, r., take a pinch 
of snuff. 

SimuA, I'., see Subura. 

SiRA, r., break wind. 

SruK, .see Shi:re. 

SuRiRA, r. tr., sting, as 

a bee ; bite, as an ant. 

MASrRiuA, n., large black 

ants. 

iSiRr, n. (iSiioRu), a 

hare. 

SriMDZA, V. tr., drop. 

Si KiRUDZA, r., bleat. 
i;i>i sc, ?!., (1) dough; (2) 
the spleen. 

SiHi'DZiRA, V. ir., set 
dogs at. 

Si;»UMARA, t;., crouch. 



Susuc;ir)ZANA, v., follow 
in single 61e. 

SusuwARA, V.J contract, 
as the body from cold. 

SusuRA, i\y eat the morn- 
ing meal, to " break- 
fast." 

SiTTA, V. (pfi'ta), smoke 
tobacco or Indian 
hemp, take snuff. 

SuTiDZA, )i'. tr.j give 

SiTTisA, ) snuff. 

iSuTjESUTJE, n.j centi- 
pede. 
maSi'tso, «., harvest time. 

SiruRA, .see SrauRA. 

SuwA, V.J desire. 

iSuwo, n.j see iSubo. 

SwABA, V. inf. J fade, 
droop, wither, shrink, 
be disappointed. 

SwARGWA. V. int. J origi- 
nate. 
BuSwASWi, n.j fishing net. 
xSwEME, 71., partridge. 

SwERA, V.J dawdle. 
maSweswe, 1 71., large black 
BiSwESWB, ) ants. 

SwETA, V , suck through 
a pipe, draw as a 
pump. 

SwiBA, V. int., (1) become 
dark, dusk ; (2) grow 
small, become less, be- 
come dirty ; (8) be sad, 
low-spirited, grieved, 
gloomy, penitent. 

SwiGA, V. int. J arrive, 
reach, come as butter, 
occur. 
iSwLMHO, n.j kerrv, club, 
"shillelagh"; in plur. 
wea|)ons, war accou* 
treraents. 

B B 



Swi 



( 370 ) 



Tad 



BANU BA NO 11 AT A 
MASWIMBO — tlie 

people are pre- 
paring for war. 
SwiNA, v., squeeze, wring, 
drain, strain. 

SWINA MAROPA, 

stanch blood. 

SWINA TJIBURI, Stop 

a hole. 
iSwiNA, dirt, filth. 

NAMASWINA,) ,. 
NESWINA, j ""'t3\ 
MASWINA A NA- 
MASW^INA — the 

Mashona are 
dirty. 
RiSwiNGA, n., (1) bundle of 
firewood, faggot; (2) 
blade of grass. 
iSwiNGo, ) n., stone fence, 
RuSwiNGO,/ wall. 
mSwini, n., lizard. 
SWINIKA, V. tr. (SwiNA), , 
squeeze for, squeeze on | 
to, press down to, drain 
on to. 
TjiSwiNO, n. (SwiNA), a 
squeezer, a drain, a 
stopper. 
RuSwiNu, n. (Savinura), 

greed, covetousness. 
TJiSwiNU, n., beer-strainer. 
Swinuga, ) V. int., be 
SwiN UR A, / alert, watch- 
ful, hence be keen, 
grasping, covetous. j 
SwiPA, v., spout out, ex- I 
pectorate, squirt, ■ 

syringe. ' 

SWIPA MATE, dribble, 
spit. 
SwiPiRA, V. tr., spit con- 
temptuously. 



WA NDI SWIPIRA 

M ATE = he insulted 

me. 

SwiPisA, i;.^r., (1) cause 

to spit, or squirt, 

syringe ; ( 2) reduce, 

lessen ; (3) make black. 

SwiRA, V. int., copulate, 

fornicate. 
iSwiRo, n. (i-siii'Ru), 

hare. 
Swi SWA, v., make black, 
be disagreeable. 
BuSwiswA, n. (ru-Skwi- 
SK w I ), short green grass. 
mSwiswi, 71., wax. 
SwiswiNA, v., spit. 
maSwiswinwa, n., dregs of 
beer, grains. 
SwiTA, adj., pink. 

tjuma tjiswita = 
pink beads. 
SwiYA, see Siya. 
nSwiza, n., giraffe. 
Swotewa, v. int., have 

spasm. 
iSwoto, n., spasm. 
Swotogoga, v. int., be 
dislocated. 



Ta, past tense form of 

the pers. pron. Ti = we. 

(juTa, n., habit; see tjiDa. 

buTa, n., bow ; see buDade. 

ruTabi ) ??.,(iNabj), bough, 

iTabi j branch. 

Tabo, pass, pron., their ; 
see " Notes." 

Tadisa, v., seeTAuiHA. 

Tadisika, v.,seeTAniRA. 



Tad 



( 371 ) 



Tan 



Tadza, r. tr., do evil 
against, offend, sin 
against, wrong, spoil. 

Tai>zi(;a, r. inf., be in a 
spoiled condition, be 
sinned against, be 
overcome ; hence to 
fail in doing a thing. 

Tadzira, v. fr., offend, 
do wrong for, or on ac- 
count of. 

Tadziwa, v. int. {pass, 
Tadza), be helpless, 
unable. 
nda tadziwa or 
BiTDA = I am con- 
stipated. 
maTaoa, n., cattle post. 
tjiTaga, 7j., liver. 

T AG AX I. s a, i\ hit., do 
evil, commit sin. 

Taoaxisiha, v. fr., com- 
mit sin against, or for. 

Taoitla, I V. tr., (1) com- 

Taotra, )■ pel ; (2) sup- 
port, bear. 

TACU'RA NKORO, 

drive a wagon. 

TAGURA PAFl'DZI, 

carry on the 
shoulder. ^ 
tjiTaitai, n. (tjiXaixai), 
glowworm, fireflj'. 
Take, po.ss. pron., hip, 
hers, its ; see " Notes." 
Tako, po.H8. pron., thy; 
see " Notes." 
tjiTakoJ u., bottom (of a 
RfTAKo, j vessel), butt 
end (of gra.S9-8talk), 
butt (of a gun-stock). 
maTako, 71., buttocks. 
mTakthia, n., boiled com. 
Tala, v., .see Tara. 



Talabuga ; see Tara- 
Hr(;A. 

Tama, i-.tr., (1) go from, 
move house, quit, pack 
up, transport; (2) be 
distressed. 
maTama, n., news ; see 
iDama 

Tamba, 7\ 2 »^, play, joke, 
frolic, dance, be glad, 
delighted. 
xT A M HA ,71., cream of tartar 
tree{? Adansonia digi- 
fata). 

Tambanuga, v. int., 
sprawl, stretch oneself. 

Tambanudza, v. tr., ex- 
tend, stretch. 

Tambira, r. fr. (Tamba) 
(1) be glad for, delight- 
ed with ; (2) to accept, 
receive, nold the hands 
to receive. 

Tambudza, r. tr., annoy, 
torment, oppress, mo- 
lest, persecute. 

Tambudziga,! y. int., be 

Tamblra, / afflicted, 
careworn, troubled. 

Tambi'rira, v. tr., be 
afflicted for, sympath- 
ize with; hence nurse 
a child or sick person. 

Tamidza, [ t\ tr., (1) vex, 

Tamisa, / persecute, 
trouble, molest ; (2) 
send away, make to 
move. 

TamSwa, pa.<is. of Tama. 

Tamitra, v. tr., extend, 
stretch. 
bcTamii, n., hip, loins. 

Tana, v., (1) rise, climb, 
step up ; (2) gather 



Tan 



( 872 ) 



Tar 



fruit, pick fruit ; (3) be 


DZA RANGU, TJI 


aged. 


FAMBA= first give 


mTana, ?i., old or infirm 


me my hoe, then 


person. 


go! 


maT-ana, n. (pi. of iNana), 


mTanga, 71., guardian. 


rounded hills. 


TJlTANGA,7l.,.S'eeTJlDANGA. 


Tanaradza, v. tr. (cf. 


Tangana, v. int., brawl, 


Tandabara), spread 


disagree, incite one 


out, as cut grass to dry. 


another. 


Tanatu, adj., six. 


Tangidza, v. tr., call by 


mTanatu, n., the Pleiades. 


name, give a name to ; 


Tanda, v. tr., drive away, 


cf. Danidza. 


turn out, dismiss, dis- 


Tangu, poss. pron., my ; 


own. 


see " Notes." 


MTANDA,ln., pole, beam; 


Tangura, v. tr., see 


tjiTanda,] 5ee iDanda. 


Tanga. 


maTanda, 71., shed, shelter 


maTaniko, n., see buTao. 


(of leafy branches of 


Tanugira, v. int., stand 


trees). 


on tiptoe. 


Tandabadza, v. tr., 


buTao, n., branch of a tree 


stretch out, spread out. 


used as a ladder, a 


Tandabara, v. int., lie 


ladder, a bridge; cf. 


down, sit at ease, re- 


iTabi. 


cline, stretch out, lie 


Tapa, v. tr., capture, 


sprawling; hence creep, 


plunder, ravage ; cf. 


climb (of plants). 


TORA. 


Tandaidza, v. tr., cast 


munu mu tapa = the 


out, drive away. 


man who plun- 


mTandamuno, 71., bridge 


ders. 


of the nose. 


Tapata, v., be saucy, 


iTandamino, n., trunk of 


mischievous, play 


the elephant. 


tricks. 


Tandara, v. int., talk 


riTapi, n., see riDapi. 


much, talk over the 


Tapiwa, v. pass., Tapa. 


fire at night. 


mTapo, n., pot clay. 


iTandemtande, n., spi- 


TAPUDZA, V. tr., dimin- 


der's web, spider; see 


ish, lessen. 


iDandemtande. 


TAPUDZA TJIBAKWE 


Tang A, v. tr., begin, 


= thin out mealies. 


originate, excite, incite. 


tjiTapur A,7i.^black ground. 


provoke, challenge. 


black soil. 


-Used adverbially in the 


Tara, v. tr., mark out. 


sense of first, formerly. 


draw, delineate. 


TANGA NDI PE BA- 


Taramuga, v. int., be 



Tar 



( 3*78 ) 



Teb 



cautious, '• on the qui 


Taswa, v. int., straddle. 


Vive:' 


Tata, v., see Dada and 


Taramugirana, v. int.y 


Tanda. 


be cautious of one 


buTate, 71., a bow ; see 


another. 


buDade. 


Taranoa, v. tr., plant 


uTate, 71. (Dade), father. 


thinly, thin out. 


uTateguru, n., grand- 


TARESA,r.^/'.,«feTARI8A. 


father {plur. Matate- 


S:::;; ;«•(■«-'), iron. 


GURU). 

iTatja, 71., frog, toad. 


Taridza, v., see Tarisa. 


Tatjo, poss. pron., its 


Tar IRA, v. fr., look for, 


see " Notes." 


exi^ect, look at, bo 


TAURA,r.^r.,declare, pub- 


opposite. 


lish, report, explain, 


GU TARIRA GU DE- 


announce, preach. 


NGA = it isuprij;ht 


TAURA NAWU, judge. 


{lit. it looks to the 


Taurana, v. tr., deliber- 


sky). 


ate, discuss. 


Tarir AN A, r., be opposite 


Taurira, ?•. fr., declare 


one another. 


to or for, report on. 


Tarisa r. (Tara), see, 


Tawo, po.'is. pron, its. 


look at, stare, attend. 


their ; see '• Notes." 


be alert, be vigilant, 


Taya, v. tr., cast away, 


examine a thing, ad- 


bury, condemn, divorce. 


mire, take heed. 


Tayiga, v. inf., be lost. 


Tar IS an a, v. ^r., stare at 


strayed. 


one another, be oppo- 


Tayo, 2*oss. ]yron., its. 


site each other. 


their ; .see " Notes." 


Tarisira, v. tr., empha- 


Tazwo, 2^oss. jyron., 


tic for Tarira, q.r. 


their ; see " Notes." 


Tarisisa, v., emphatic 


maTb, 71., saliva. 


for Tarisa, q.v. 


ruTb, 71., a cordon. 


Taro, pos.s. vron., its; 
see " Notes.*^ 


ita rutkgwemuka 


= encircle game. 


huTasa, 71 , large hanging 


maTkbb, n. (maTkwe), bog. 


bird's-nest. 


Teijbdza, v. tr., see Tb- 


Ta8A, inter j.^ very 


bbra. 


straight. 


Tbbbdzana, v. tr., follow 


WA KA fa MBA WATI 


one another in order 


TA8A, he went 


of birth. 


very straight. 


Tbbera, v. tr. (Tobera), 


Tas ANU(} A, t^./;i/., sprawl, 


run aifter, pursue, ac- 


stretch oneself. 


count for, come after. 


Tasanura, v. <r., stretch 


follow. 



out. 



Teb 



( 374 ) 



Ten 



Teberana, v., follow one 
another, succeed one 
another, go Indian 
file. 

Tebuoa, v. int., scatter, 
disperse. 

Tebura, v. tr., scatter, 
strew about, spill, 
waste, throw away, 
ravage, lay waste, 
overthrow, disperse. 

BA NO TEBURA MU 

MiDziMU = pour out 
oblations before 

the MIDZIMU. 

Tebvenura, v. tr., un- 
button. 

Tedu, poss. pron., our ; 
see " Notes." 

Tedza, v. int.,he smooth, 
slippery. 

Tedzemuga, v. int., slip, 
slide, glide. 

Tefura, v. en^.,boil over, 
overflow. 

Teg A, V. tr. (Tjera), dip, 
ladle. 
TEG A MVURA = draw 
water. 

Tegaira, )i;. iTit., roam 

Tegera, j about, as in 
search of food, or pay- 
ing visits. 

Tbgetsena, v. tr., smash 
by throwing to the 
ground. 

Tegenyura,?;. int., burst 
ojDen, as a pod. 

Teka, v., see Tega. 
muTeka, n., bank of earth. 

Tema, v. tr., chop, hew, 
fell, chop up, lance, cut 
open, puncture, inocu- 
late. 



NDA TEMNW AMSORO 

=my head aches. 
tema nvora, scarify, 
draw blood, make 
the tribal marks 
on the skin. 
tema MS as a, camp. 
iTema, n. (iNetb), palsy. 
Tema, ^^^'.(Dema), black, 
dark blue. 
buTema, n., blackness. 
Tembenudza, v. int., be 

cleansed, pure. 
Temera, \ vir.(TEMA), 
Tembrera, ) chop for. 

TEMERA NOMBE = 

make a " cattle 

post." 
tjiTemiib n. (iMembye), 
skin dress worn by 
men. 
Tenda, v., (1) cheer, ap- 
plaud, praise, thank ; 
henceused subjectively 
{int.),&s (2) be satisfied, 
contented, cheerful. 

TENDA IMOSWA, be 

penitent, confess. 
guTenda, n., joy. 
tjiTenda ) (iDenda), ??.,cold 
iTenda ) in head, fever, 
catarrh. 
Tendeleja, v., see Te- 

nderedza. 
Tendega, v., (1) point, 

aim ; (2) be grateful. 
Tendenedza, v. tr., ro- 
tate, turn round, sur- 
round with a rope, 
mark out site for a hut 
(the circle of its wall) ; 
be vigilant, turning 
round everyway, be 
alert. 



Ten 



( 375 ) 



nk 



Tbxdenega, r. int., go 

round, turn round. 

Tendera, v. (Tenda), be 
satisfied withjTigree to, 
agree with, approve. 

Texdeuaxa, i\ int., be 
satisfied with one 
another, be in accord. 

Teni>ekedza, r.,(l)make 
a circle, go round in a 
circle ; hence (2) to 
shun, avoid by making 
a detour. 
tjiTesderedzi, 71., a circle. 

Tenderera, v., see Tex- 

DEREDZA. 

Texdereoa, v. be round. 

Texdisa, V.J plea.se, per- 
suade. 

Texdzemeuza, v. tr., see 
Texdexedza. 

Texex(;a, r., disappear. 

Tbxbra, v. tr., admit. 

Tenga, v. tr., buy, bribe. 

Texgedza, r., see Tjb- 

N(iEDZA. 

TEXGERtJWA, v., be 

bought for. 
Texgisa, v. tr., sell. 
mTexgo, 71., price, bargain. 
riTex.ie, n., a plant. 
Tex V IT, j)os.s. pron., your; 
see " Notes." 
.mTepa, ' ?i., a calabash, a 
riTepo, I vessel formed 

from a gourd. 
tjiTepa, «., a small cala- 
bash, a tin vessel of 
similar sha})e, a tin 
(of gun|)Owder). 
Tei'Uga, r. itU., wave to 

and fro in the air. 
Tkrera, v. iiit., listen, 
attend,lie in wait,obey. 



Tesa, v. tr., sharpen to 

a point. 
iTeswo, n.j chip of wood. 
nTbswi, ?i., a sharpened 
point; cf. iNeswi. 
Teta, v. tr., sympathize 
with, comfort. 
maTbte, n., see Matewe. 
Tetebudza, v. tr., mark 

out. 
Tetedza, ) V. (Totodza) , 
Tbteja. I entreat,coax. 
Tetema, r. int., be pal- 
sied; cf. Tema. 
Tetexa, v. tr., gnaw. 
riTetexi, n., skull. 
Tetefa, v. tr., diminish, 
decrease, become thin. 
Tetetetb, adj., thin. 
maTewb, n., marsh, bog. 
Teya, v. ^r.,entrap, snare, 
decoy, tempt, set a 
trap, cock a gun. 
Tbviga, v. inf., be en- 
snared, entrapped, en- 
tangled, hesitate, be 
undecided. 
Thya, v. (Hya), beafraid. 
i:xTi,);i., (1) shrub, herb, 
.Mi'Ti,) tree; (2) medicine, 

poison, venom. 
MiTi, 71., branches cut off 
from the tree. 
Ti, (1) I'., say, think, sup- 
pose; (2) jjers. pron., 
we, us. 
RuTiui, n., part, side. 

GU Ri:Tini <;r... ) 

PA RirTIIll PA... S 

on one side, by 
the side of. 

HiTim Gi', between. 

.M ATI HI osB, every- 
where. 



Tig 



( 876 ) 



^ja 



TiGiPFURA, V. tr., "dig 
in the ribs." 

TiHA, ?'., sec TiziiA. 

TiLiMUGA, V. int., move 
convulsively or spas- 
mod icall 3', shrug the 
shouIders,startin sleep. 
RiTiMBA, 71., grys steinbok 
(cf. iMene and iMem- 
bhe). 

TiMBA, V. tr., hoe, dig. 
TjiTiMJii, 71., a variety of 
beads. 

Tina, v. tr., force to stop 
or go, hinder, turn 
back, thwart, compel, 
control, urge. 

Tinira, v. i7it., resound, 
thunder, be renowned. 

TiNiSA, V. tr. (Tina), 
cause or help to stop, 
hinder excessively. 

TiNUGA, V. int., rebound, 
spring back. 

TiPURA, V. t7\, pull up 

by roots. 
iTiRiMANE, 71., lung sick- 
ness. 

TiTiMA, V. iiit., sound, 
resound, roar, as a 
river in flood. 

TiwADZiwA, 17. i7it., be 
struck in the eye, 
"have something in 
the eye." 

TlYIGA, V. i7lt., TbYIGA. 

kaTiyo n. (ruTjiyo), off- 
spring, child, fruit. 
TizA, )t7.«w^., run away, 
Tizfia, j escape, desert a 
post. 

MUNU UYO U NO TIZA 

BASA = that person 
shirks (his) work. 



TiziDZA,) V. tr., dismiss, 
TiziSA, ) cause or help 

to escape, escape 

quickly. 

TIZISA MGUMBO, 

marry. 

TjA, (1) ^>cr,s. ;??'o;i., it; 
past tense form of Tji ; 
(2) adv., still, yet ; (3) 
V. (TjERA, Tsa), dig a 
hole, excavate ; (4) ((/. 
Edza) dawn. 

Tjaba, v. tr., gather fire- 
wood. 

Tjabo, poss.pron., their; 
see " Notes." 

Tjadzo, j}oss. pron., 
their ; see "Notes." 

Tjaga, v. tr., see Tsaga. 

Tjagura, v. (Tagura), 
bear, support. 

TjAKB, poss. pron., his, 
hers, its; see " Notes." 

TjAKO, poss. pron., thy ; 
see " Notes." 
maTjakwi, 71. (Matjwa- 

kei), marsh. 
tjiTjama, 71. (tjiTsama), a 
crowd. 

Tjamba, v. tr. (Tsamba). 

press. 
iTjAMBARA,7i., river sand. 
iTjAMRASi, 71., an edible 
fruit. Teb. Umtaka- 
bomvu. 

Tjamhatjamba, v. (Tja- 
mba), press often, press 
hard, touch, feel. 

T.JAMBIDZA, ?;. (TSAM- 

bidza), press, imprint. 
TjAMBiDziuA, ^)., press 

on, press down. 
TjAMBijA, v., see Tjam- 

BIDZA. 



Tja 



( art ) 



l^e 



TjAMBO, emphatic fonn 

of Tja, q.i\ 
tjiTjamha, 71., a loaf, esp. 

of tobacco, but may be 

used of a loaf of any 

other substance. 
KlTjAMPUPlJI, • »., gald, 
KiTjAMiM riRi, ) squall, 

whirlwind. 
kiTjaxa, 11., calf. 
iTjaxda, 11., anything on 

which clothes may be 

hung to dry, a clothes 

line, a clothes horse. 
iTjAXDo, n. (tjAndo), 

cold. 
TjANGO, ) a<?w., (I) just 
Tjan(u:,/ now; (2) 2^S8. 

pron.,my,see "Notes." 
iTjANKE, 71., water-buck 

(Kobiis ellipsiprym' 

nus). 
Tjansa, v. (Tjwanga- 

i>zira), grope. 
TjARO, poss. pron., its; 

see " Notes." 
Tja.sila, v. (r., devastate. 
Tjatjura, v. tt\, take 

away quickly, snatch. 

TJATJIRA Ml'MOTO, 

snatch from the 
fire. 
Tjatsiha, r. ir , avenge. 
maTjawk, 11. (maTjwakei), 
bog. 
Tja wo, poss. pron.^ its, 
their ; see " Notes." 
mTj A YiR A, /i.,a swimming. 

C.IT ITA MTJAYIRA = 

to swim. 
iTjayin(ja, n., see tji- 

Yksoa. 
Tjayo, poss. jrron.y its, 
their ; see " Notes." 



Tjazwo, poss. pron., 
their ; see "Notes." 

Tjeamisa, r. itit., slant. 

Tjebaxyeba, v. int., 
stare about. 

T.JEUERA, r. fr., (1) ap- 
plaud ; (2) rebuke. 
m(i)Tjebo,7i., shoot (of pump- 
kin), applied also to 
children and young 
animals. 

TjEDU, poss. pron., our ; 
see " Notes." 
M(i)TjEr.A, 7?., calico gener- 
ally, also a strip of 
calico. 
m(u)Tjegana, n., small strip 
of calico. 

TjEfiA, V. fr., cut, reap, 
mow, notch, castrate. 

Tjegera, ) t'. tr., chop 

TjEGERF^RA,) up, miuce. 
mTjegetjera, n., flower 

of maize. 
RiTjECJO, n., file. 

Tje(;wa, v., pass, of 
Tjeoa. 

Tje.ikxya, v., see Jexya. 

Tjema, r. inf., bleat, 
caw, coo, chirp, croak, 
crow, cry, mew, neigh, 
quack, shriek, sing (of 
birds), scream, squal), 
squeak, yell, 3'elp, cry, 
lament, mourn. 

Tj EMBER a, v. int., be old, 
aged, infirm. 
TJiTjE.MHERE,7i.,old woman, 
old cow. 

Tjkmedza v. /r. (Tjema), 
cause to cry, call. 

TJEMEDZA (;ASMU — 

smack a whip. 
TjBMBRA, V. (Tjema), 



Tje 



( 378 ) 



Tje 



cry for, monrn for, 
console, condole. 
TjENA. adj., white, i)ale, 
shining, bright, clean, 
pure, good, faithful, 
civil, happj'^. 

MNWEDZI U in 

TJENA KURi: NASI, 

the moon is full 
to-da3'. 
No.MTJENAjfortunate. 
PATJENA, conspicu- 
ouslj^, evidently, 
plainly. 
mTjena, 71., a poor man. 
maTjbna, 71., white of an 
egg- 

matjena ! form of 
congratulation on 
return from war 
or hunting. 
GuTjena, ?i., light. 

GUTJEXA GUNZHE, 

autumn. 
Tjenama, v. i7if., be as- 
tonished, surprised, be 
disappointed. 
Tjbnamlsa, v. tr., amaze, 
astonish, disappoint. 
riTjende, 71., testicle. 
mTjenb,?i. (T JENA), a civil, 
faithful, or good per- 
son. 
neTjbne, adj. (nbTjenye), 
cruel. 
TjENGA, V. int., be dif- 
ferent to appearance, 
dishonest, be a sham, 
a decoy, to pretend. 
Tjengedza, v. tr., to 
deceive, decoy, cheat, 
tempt. 
mTjengbdzi, n., a deceiver, 
cheat, a hypocrite. 



Tjbngbja, v., see Tje- 
ngedza. 
Tjengbra,) r. tr., watch 
Tjbngeta,) over, keep, 
protect, nurse, oversee. 
mTjengeti, n., a watch- 
man, caretaker, keeper. 
TjENiDZA,) V. tr., make 
Tjenisa, / light or 
bright, polish, purify, 
elucidate. 
miTjenje, see miTjenye. 
mTjenjebvu, n., a cunning 
person. 
TjENjERA,?;. ?*»/.(nJere), 
be clever, skilful, ex- 
pert, sagacious,shrewd, 
cautious, cunning, 

crafty, vigilant. 
Tjenya, v., destroy. 
BuTjENYE, n. (Dzenye), 
anger, passion. 
NOBUTJENYE, ) fierce, 
NBTJENYE, ) angry, 
cruel. 
MiTjENYE, n. (miTjbnjb), 
white ants, termites. 
TjENYU, poss. pron. , 

your ; see " Notes." 
TjENYURA, V. tr., chop 

firewood. 
TjERA, V. tr., (1) pick, 
root (of pigs), scratch 
(of fowls), excavate, dig 
(ahole);(2)(TjA,TsA), 
to burn, scorch. 

TJERA MVURA, draw 
water. 

TJKRA MTJERO, pro- 
duce fruit. 
TJERA NEMA, to 

hatch a plot. 
TjERE, interj. (Ere), in- 
deed! 



Tie ( 379 ) tji 


iTjere(}e, »., gold ; hence 


Tjidza, ) V. tr., help, 
Tjidzira, i cure, deliver, 


money. 


Tjekeua, r. //•., dig a 


save. 


hole for, bury. 


Tjk;ira, v. ir., support; 


TjERHWA, r., pass, of 


*eeDzi(;iRA. 


Tjera. 


mTjidzi, «., helper. 


mTjero, n., fruit. 


mTjk;o, /t., bolt, bar. 


Tjeta, /". //*., slander, 


TjiHA, r., see Hya. 


accuse falsely, betray, 


T.iijA, r., see Tjidza. 


tell tales, misrepresent, 


Tjijo, interj. of courtesy, 


lay plots. 


please to... (= be 


TjBTE, adv., only,. just. 


pleased to...). 


NDI RI TJETE = it is 


Tjila, v. tr., fix in the 


I alone. 


ground, as a stake. 


mTjeto, n.. end of a stick. 


TjiLU ; *ee Tjixu. 


mTjetjana, 71., baby, in- 


Tjim, noun j^refix] see 


fant. 


' " Notes." 


buTjetjaxa, n., infancy, 


T.JIMRIDZA, \ v., make 


childhood. 


TjiMBiDziGA,/ haste, 


3ii:TjETjE, /«., baby. 


hurry. 


mTjet.iexe, u., a variety 


TjiMBiDZisA, V. tr.^ ac- 


of mimosa. 


celerate, quicken , cause 


Tjetjen YA, r.jsce Jenya 


to make haste. 


Tjetura, r., cut off, 


TjiMRijA ; see Tji.mri- 


tear. 


DZA. 


Tjex(;a, ?'., look back. 


iTjiMHO, 11., club; see i- 


R1T.JEZIIU, 11. (riShezhu), 


SWIMRO. 


honey bird. 


iTjiMB, ;i., «ee I-tsime. 


Tji, (1) adv. (TJA), still, 


mTjixda, ) n., prince, petty 


yet, now ; (2) prefix 


iTjiXDAj chief, head- 


sign of the participle 


man. 


and imper. Tjikamha 


ruTjixda, ??., raw cotton. 


—- going, or go I (3) noun 


TjiNc; A, (1) V tr., embrace, 


prefix of Tji-zwi class ; 


be around, surround ; 


we "Notes"; a dimi- 


hold out hand to re- 


nutive prefix. 


ceive, receive, clutch ; 


iuTji, w., honey. 


(2) (ulv., long ago. 


Tj^iJA, V. (Thira), covet, 


U NEMP><() TJlXOA = 


be covetous, selfish. 


he is avaricious 


iT.iinA, 11.. (1) greed, ava- 
rice ; desire in good 


( = eyes which en»- 


braco everything). 


sense; (2) puff adder. 


TJlXno TJA RARE, 


NbTJiHA, envious. 


long ago. 


avaricious. 


RuTjiNUA, u., (1) fibre of 



Tji ( 380 ) Tjo 


bark or cotton, sewing 


posed, destructive. 


cotton ; (2) artery, 


cruel. 


vein ; see ruTjinda. 


TjiNYiGA, V. int., be 


Tjingidza, v. tr., cause 


spoiled, damaged. 


to hold out the hands ; 


Tjira, V, int., be alive, 


hence to pour water on 


well, revive, improve 


another's hands, for 


in health. 


washing purposes. 


mTjira, n., nape of the 


Tjingidzira, v., (1) en- 


neck. 


dure, be patient; (2) 


TjiREDZA, V. tr., revive. 


catch rain water. 


restore. 


T.JIXGUDZIRA, V. tr., go 


MuTjiRi, n., thong, cord, 


to meet. 


reim, whip. 


Tjingura, V, int., meet. 


maTjiri, n., boulders. 


GU TJINGURA MEPO 


&«:; -.-T.u.a:- 


= wind is contrary 


( = meeting ' the 


Tjiruga, ) ^"^• 


wind). 


iTjiTA, n., enemy, imp!. 


TjiNGURiRA, see TjlNGU- 


iTjiTSO, 11., a razor, some- 


DZIRA. 


times used of a file. 


TjiNi,pro7i., what? what 


iTjiwi, n., island. 


is it? lit. TJi + Ni = it 


Tjiya, v. int., breathe 


what. 


short, pant. 


U RI MUNU WA KA 


iTjiYA, n., noise, sound. 


TB TJINI (where 


NETjiYA, loud, noisy. 


KA TE TJINI = KA 


ruTjiyo, n. (Katiyo), off*- 


ITA lTJINl) = th0U 


spring. 


art a person doing 


TjiZA, V. tr., hold hand 


what=what sort 


to receive. 


of person are you ? 


Tjiziba, adv., wilfully. 


TjiNjiGA, v., (1) be or lie 


on purpose. 


across; (2) give a 


MuTjOBO, n., tails constitut- 


surety. 


ing men's full dress. 


TjiNjiGiDZA, ?;. tr., to 


Tjobora, v. tr., pick up 


place across, to lay 


grain (as fowls). 


across. 


iTjoDURi, n., ratel {Mel- 


Ji(u)TjiNjiGO, n., (1) bolt, bar, 


livora cajyensis). 


a cross of wood ; (2) a 


TjOGONYORA, V. tr., shell 


surety. 


off", strip off. 


TjiNU, .9ee Tji-Nu. 


mTjogotja, n., manger. 


TjiNYA, 17. ^r., sin against. 


nTjoko, n., bracelet, arm- 


spoil, offend, ruin, 


let. 


damage. 


Tjola, v., see Tjora. 


NETJINYA, evilly dis- 


maTjombe, 71., temples. 



Tjo 



( 381 ) 



Tom 



RiTjOMBORA,n., wild goose. 
TjOMWAViLA, ) v., doze. 
TjOMNWAYiLA,/ nod. 
iTjoxdo, /I., ankle. 
Tjoxtjcjroga, r., be thin ; 

(•/. TjOTJOROCJA. 

Tjoimkja, v. itU.j spring 
back, rebound. 

TjORA, V. inf. J frown 
(smile), look eager, 
make a grimace, mark 
the face. Tliere seems 
to be a root idea of 
expressing emotions by 
the features in this 
word, a general signifi- 
cation, which shows 
itself in some deriva- 
tives (vide seq.). 

TjoTjORA, v. be greed3% 

T.IOTJOROGA, v., squint. 
iTjoTO, 71., hearth, fire- 
place. 
maTjoto, «., peelings, par- 
ings. 
TJiTju, n. (tjiHlu), chest. 

Tjuku, adj. TsuKU, red. 
mTjuku, m., rod clay. 

TjuLUKA, v.y see Tjuru- 

OA. 

Tjuxduxvwa, v. tr., 
breaking up newly 
smeared floor, make 
marks on wet clay, 
or on newly made clay 
pots, to indent. 

iTjiNGWA, «., loaf. 

T.h:ruoa, v. int.^ jump, 
leap, spring, jolt, es- 
ca{>e, omit. 

TJURUOA TJIREBO = 

break tho law. 
Tjwaga, v. be broken, 
dislocated. 



maTjwaki, \ 71., swamp, 
maTjwakwIjJ bog. 

TjWANGADZIRA, V. int., 

feel the way as a blind 
man, grope in the 
dark ; see Tswatswa- 

DZIRA. 

Tjwayira, v., see Tswa- 

IRA. 

iTjwiNYA, 71., lizard. 
TjwoGA, v., be dislo- 
cated ; see T\vaga. 
T1.OXOXGORA, v.y see To- 

NOXGORA. 

xTo, )n., broth, soup, 
MuTo, / gravy of meat. 
TJiTo, n., a limb. 

Z W ITO Z WOM UX II = 
a person's limbs. 
To (1) contr. for ti no 
pres., or ti xo xo, fut. 
tense, 1st ])ei\s. phir.- 
(2) sign of thenegative ; 
see " Notes," under the 
.verb. 

TOBERA, v. (TeBERA), 

follow. 

TOBERAXA, V. (TeBERA- 

na), follow one an- 
other. 
mTobo, ti., condition. 
mTobvu, ;/., load. 
T(KJWA, pas.s. of Tora. 
maToko, n., dung, fieces. 
ToKoxoRA, V. tr., shell 

(|)eas). 
Tolela, 1'., see Torp:ra. 
maTombe, n.,see maDombk. 
Tom bora, r. tr., extract, 
take out. 
TOMBORA MiWA sex- 
tract a thorn. 

TOMBORA MOT A = 

oi)en an abscess. 



Tom ( 382 ) Tos 


iToME,n. (Dutch), bridle; 


TONYONGOGWA, paSS. of 


properlj' the bit only. 


TONYONGORA. 


nTome, 7?., side. 


TONVONGORA, See TONO- 


Gl'KO NTOME = by 


NGORA. 


the side of. 


mTopota, n., reed, a reed 


ToNDEDZA, V. tr., show, 


as a musical instru- 


teach, guide, point out. 


ment, a " pipe." In 


TONDEDZA PrrTI= 


phir. a reedy place. 


present a gun. 


ToRA, V. tr., take, catch, 


ToNDEGA, V. inf., point, 


capture, steal. Re- 


towards, go direct, go 


ferring esp. to indi- 


straight. 


vidual acts; of. Tapa. 


RiToNDO,^ ??., bush, copse, 


TORA ROico, console. 


mTondo, V wood; in plin'. 


TORA MGUMRO, mar- 


TJiToNDO,] bush country, 


ry. 


wooded veldt. 


TOR A TJIGWADZI, 


Tonega, ?;., see Tondega. 


catch a disease. 


Tonga, v. mt., moan. 


TORAIRA, V. inf. (TORA-I- 


groan, whine. 


ira), sup, take evening 


TONGA IMAKA, judge. 


meal. 


try judicial]3\ 


TJiToRAMATUZi, /?., dung 


TONGAMIDZANA, 1\ inf., 


beetle. 


go abreast. 


tjiTore, ??., square of calico. 


TONGEDZA, V. ir. (1) 


apron. 


make to groan; (2) 


ToRERA, V. tr., take from. 


cause or help to judge ; 


deprive of, snatch from. 


(3) ignite. 


TORERA MAKA=:SUe 


TONGERA, v., try judici- 


at law. 


ally for, try (a case). 


mToro, n., load, burden. 


iToNGO, see Idongo. 


maToro, n., a morass. 


ToNODZA,??. tr., cool, fan ; 


nToro, n., the long past. 


hence to cure, heal. 


nTorontoro, n., ancient 


ToNOGWA, V. int., be cold. 


times. 


TONONGORA, V. tv. (TjO- 


banTorontoro, 11., the an- 


GONYORA), shell off 


cients. 


mealies. 


ToRORA, V. tr., extend. 


TONORA, V. int., be cold. 


stretch out. 


DORO RA KA TONORA 


ToRWA, jmHS. of Tor A, 


= strong beer. 


be taken captive, bo 


Tonorera, v. int., be 


plundered. 


cool, cold, chiefly of 


TORWA NEMVFRA, 


the weather and wind. 


drift, drown. 


TONYOGOLA, v., .SCC To- 


TosoRA, V. tr., dazzle. 


NONOORA. 


TosoRHWA, V. pass., be 



T08 



( 383 ) 



Tea 



dazzled, half blinded 

by something getting 

in the eye. 
To.soc;wA, ) r., go beg- 
TosoROWA,) ging in 

time of hunger. 
kaT(»tatsime, /*., a little 

girl. 

TOTODZA, V. (TeTEDZA), 

coax. 
ToTOMofiA, V. inf., be 

nervous, startled, start 

up in sleep. 
ToTOMODZA, \ t\ tr., start- 
ToT<^MOSA, } le, frighten. 
TovoN'YiDZA, V. fr., feel, 

touch ;seeTL'BvrxYisA. 

MlToYINYEMBA, 71., pink 

beads. 

TsA, (1) V. int., burn, 

smart, dry up, as the 

country by the sun ; cf. 

Pisa ; (2) adj., fresh, 

young, new, tender. 

TSA NO iTAjdogentlv. 

r.rTsA, «., (1) youth; (2) 

uterus. 
maTsa, ??., "estate" of a 
deceased man. 
TsABrr.A, r. (dzabioa), 
diverge, avoid, swerve, 
wander, miss the way. 
TsAdA, r. tr., look for, 
seek, search, look all 
round as if looking for 
something, charge (a 
price). 
tsaoa huxi, gather 
firewood. 
ThaoamSwa, r., see TsA- 
mSra. 
mTsa(»o, n., pillow. 
T.nTHAMA, »., group, a.ssein- | 
bly. I 



TSAMBA, l\ (TJAMBA), 

press, squeeze, tramp, 

crowd. 
TsAMBAXA, ?*., press one 

another; hence of a 

space, be narrow, too 

small. 
TsAMBiDZA, V. tr., cause 

to press, to imprint. 

TSAMBIDZIRA, V. tv., 

squeeze, compress, 

crowd, press. 
TsAMBKJA, r. int., be 

humble, 
RuTsAMBO, «., bracelet. 
Ts AM BUG A, see Tsaxoa. 
iTsAMfiA. n., see iTsa- 

MNRA. 

TsAMiRA, v., prop. 

TSAMIRA RrBOKO = 

lean on the arm. 
mTsamiro. n. (mTsaoo), 

pillow. 
iTsamxra,7J.(iShamnra), 

dirt, tilth. 
Tsamxra, v. (Ramxra), 
knit brows, frown, bo 
displeased, angry, dis- 
contented. 

MOYO V XO TSAMSrA, 

my heart is dis- 
contented—I am 
in doubt, or I com- 
plain. 
TsAMiRA, r. fr., take out. 
MiTsAXA, //., father. 
TsAXOA, t\, see Tsaoa. 
iTsAXOA, n. (iShaxga), 
a grain, a dot. 
RrT8Ax«;A, n. (riShaxoa), 
reed, stalk. 
iTsAN(}Ai)Zi, n., reed, flag. 

TSAXOADZIRA, r. (TjWA- 

NOADZIRa), grope. 



Tsa 



( 384 ) 



Tsi 



TsaSwira, v., see Tsa- 

MNRA. 

RuTsANYA, n. (bu-Tjenye), 

anger. 
iTsAPO, «., a bag. 
iTsAPFO, n., calf of tho 

leg. 
iTsARiTSARi, 7?., a spaik 

of fire. 

TSAUGA, V. (TSABUGA), 

diverge. 
TSAUGA NA.... sepa- 
rate from. 

TSAUGIRA NZIRA, 

go out of the 
way. 

iTsAUGA, n., cataract in 
the eye. 

TsAUGANA, V. int., dis- 
agree, separate, part 
company. 

TsAUGiSA, V. tr., mislead, 
separate. 

TsAURA, V. tr., separate, 
part. 

TsAURANiSA, V. tr., cause 
to part from one 
another. 

TsAURiRA, v.tr., dedicate 
to, set apart for. 
mTsaurira, 11.,. a special 
friend, one who sepa- 
rates himself for iiis 
friend's sake, or to his 
friend's service. 

TsARA, V. (Sara), stay, 
wait. 

TsATSiGA, V. int., spirt 
out, spout out. 

TsATSiRA, V. tr., (1) cause 
to spirt, to splash ; (2) 
crawl stealthily. 

TSATSIRA MUKA = 

stalk game. 



TsEDZEGA, V. int., be fine, 

not coarse. 
mTsegero, n. (mTsago), 

pillow. 
TsEMURA, V. tr., chop, 

cleave. 

TSENDBMUGA, l\ int., 

slip, slide, glide. 

Tseng A, v. int., move to 
and fro, backwards 
and forwards, or round 
about, oscillate ; hence 
chew, chew the cud. 

TsENGEDZA, V. int., Stag- 
ger. 

Tsengt:rera, v., hover 
as a hawk. 

TSENGETSEGA, V. int., 

waddle. 
iTsENGWA, n. (Tseng a), 

stamped corn. 
iTsenze, n., honey bird ; 

see iTjezhu. 
TsERA, v., see Tjera, 
TsERB, adj., eight (8). 

TJlTSERBRE, n. (iTjODURl), 

ratel. 
TsETBRA, V. tr., plaster, 

daub. 
TsETSA, V. tr., pulverize, 

make fine. 
iTsETSE, n. (iTaja), toad. 
MiiTsETSE, n., line, mark, 
stripe, grain (of wood), 
crack, chap, gash ; fur- 
row, ditch. 
RirTsi, n., see ruDzi. 
iniTsi,"^?t., (1) fog, morning 
-AiuTsi, [• mist, smoke; (2) 
HuTsi,) blaze, flame. 

MUTSI WEMVURA = 

rainbow. 
TsiBA, V. (Tjiba), be 
greedy. 



Tsi 



( 385 ) 



M 



TjiTsiBA, n., fist. 

TsiBAMA, V. int., bow 

down, cringe. 
TsiBANA, t\, interchange. 
nTsibha, n. (nSwiza), 
giraffe. 
TsiBiGiRA, V. tr. (Dziba), 
close anything that 
folds, as a knife, book, 
door. 
TsiBURA, v., chide. 
TsiDZA, v., see Tjidza. 
TsiGA, V. tr., step, tread, 
tramp, knead, run over; 
c/. DziGA. 
RiTsiGA, n,, manner, cus- 
tom, fashion. 
TJiTsiGA, I w., (1) pole, post, 
iTsiGA, / log, beam, stake; 
(2) firebrand, firewood. 
TsiGATiRA, v., see Dzi- 

GATIRA. 

TsiGiDZA, V. tr., see Dzi- 

GIDZA. 

1T8IGIDZ1, n., bug. 
TsiGiDziRA, v., see Dzi- 

GIDZIRA. 

TsiGiRA, v., see Dzigira. 
maTsioo, n., track, spoor. 
TsiouPiGiTSA, r., guess. 
Tsiowa, v. pass., see 

TSIOA. 

muThimba, n. (mJimba), 
fisherman. 
iTsiMBO, n. (ISWIMBO), 
thick rod, stick. 
RiTsiMB, n. (iDziME, iTji- 
MB), (1) fountain, 
spring, well of water ; 
(2) leaven. 
TsiMfiwA. v., close. 

TSIMAwA MB8O B 

cloee the eyes* 
TJiTsi.MU, n., ankle. 



TSIMURA,|V. (TJIMUTA), 

TsiMUTA, / sneeze,snort. 

TSIMUTSA, V. (SiMUDZA), 

lift up. 

TsiMTSANA, V. int., cost, 
be worth. 

TsiNA, V. tr., rub hide 

with a stone. 
iTsiXA, n., fist. 

TsiNANA, V. int., ex- 
change, interchange. 

TsiNDiRA, ih, lam as 
loose ground in a hole, 
hence to fill in with 
earth. The word is 
applied to the whole 
process of fixing 
stakes; c/. Fugaira. 

TsiNDiGiRA, v., turn up- 
side down, misi*epre- 
sent; cf. Shandugi- 

RA. 

TsiNDiNUGA, V. int., rise 

(of clouds). 
TsiNDiNYA, V. tr., shut. 

TSINDINYA MESO = 

shut the eyes. 
TsiNDiNYURA,r.,A'eeTju- 

NDUNYURA. 

iTsiNB, n., see iTsime. 
RuTsiNOA, n , see Tjinoa. 

iTsiNGiDZi, n., hornet. 
RuTsiNGO, 71., ribs of meat, 
flank. 

TsiNiRA, v., see Tsindira. 
TJiTsiNO, n., heel. 

iTsiNU, n., sledge ham- 
mer. 

TsiNZiRA, v., see Tsindi- 

NYA. 

MuTsiPA. n., neck. 
iTsiPiTi, n., small quan- 
tity of leaven. 
TsiRA, v., see Tjera. 
c c 



Tsi 



( 886 ) 



Tsu 



TsiRiRA, V. int., bum (as 
food in a pot). 
RiTsipo, ) , ., 

maTsito, n., charcoal. 
RuTsiTO, n., a fence. 
TJiTsiTSiNO, ri.,seeTjiTsiNO. 
TsiTSiRA, v., cover, bury. 
TsiUGA, v., be crooked, 

of a road. 
TsiURA, v., open, as a 
snuff-box by taking 
the stopper out, or a 
bottle by uncorking. 
TsiYA, v., see Siya. 
RiTsiYPJ, 71., eyebrow, ej^e- 
lash. 
TJiTsiYE, n., cheekbone. 
Tska, v. (Hya), fear. 
TsKiSA, V. (Hyisa), make 

afraid. 
TsKORA, V. (Hlora), 
break. 

TSKWA, 1\ (TSIGA), 

bruise, crush, stamp. 
iTsKWANA, n., see iTswa- 

NE. 

riTskwaro, n., razor. 
MuTsKWE, n., a crack or 

chap. 
MuTsKWi, n. (mSi), stamp- 
ing pole, stamper. 
iTso, n. (iSo), (1) kidney; 
C2) a click, as c, q, X, in 
Tebele. 
TsoGA, V. tr., thrust, 

stuff, pack. 
iTsoGA, n., see ruShoga. 
TsoGANA, V.J be close to- 
gether, packed close. 
TsoGERA, V. tr.j thrust 

into, stuff into, pack. 
TsoGiDZiRA, ?;. (Tsoga), 
set dogs at. 



ba ka ndi buraya, 
ba ka ndi tsogi- 
dzira imbha = 
they killed me, 
they set the dogs 
at me. 

iTjsoko, n. (iSiiOKo), mon- 
key. 
nTsom BE, 91., dog castrated. 
iTsONO, n. (iSoNO), needle, 

awl. 
mTsonga, n., " biltong." 
iTsoNGORO, ?i.," stone of 

fruit. 
iTsouo, n., (1) honey bird ; 
(2) a game played with 
stones in holes; (3) 
cotton blanket. 
RiTsoTSO, n.y small fire- 
wood. 
TSOTSOMERGWA, V. int., 

suffer. 
iTsOTSONYO, ?i., a spark 

of fire. 
TsuGA, v., see Suga. 
TsuGUNiGA, v., see Dzu- 

gunyiga. 
TSUGISA, V. tr., corrode. 
TsuKU, adj., red, brown, 
buff, tawny, dun, pale. 
iTsuKU, n., percussion 

cap. 
TsuMBURUDZA, V., rinse. 
RiTsuMBERUMB, n., bache- 
lor. 
iTsuNDA, ?? ., a fork, needle. 
TsuNGA MOYO, ) V., be 
TsuNGARARA, j brave, 

bold. 
iTsuNGU, n. (nZunzu), 

ground nuts. 
iTsuRU, w. (iShurit), hare. 



Tbu 



( 387 ) 



Tw 



TsuRiixoiRA.r. ^r., smash 


TuGUNUGA, V. int., be 


by throwing to the 


strong. 


ground. 


TiJGUTA, v., be hot, close, 


TsuRURA, V. tr., plaster. 


sultry. 


TswA, V. int. (TsA), burn, 


iTuGiTTA,]^7i., close sultry 
DZiTuGUTA,/ weather. 


be burned, be dried. 


MUTSWA, 


TuGUTiRA, v., perspire. 


BuTswA, 71., blister. 


TuKA, v., see Tug a. 


RUTSWA, 


TuMA, V. ^r.,(l)lend;(2) 


ITA RUTSWA = raise 


name, give a name. 


a blister. 


TuMBA, V. int., sit hud- 


TswAC.A, see Tsaga. 


dled up, squat. 


TswAGiRA, V. int., pro- 


mTumba, 71., "cream of tar- 


mise. 


tar " tree. 


TswAiLA,)r., sweep, 
TswAiRA,/ brush. 


mTumbf, ?i., dead bodj^ 


carcase. 


MuTswAiRO, n., a brush or 


mTuMHU, 77. (iDUMBU), 


broom. 


stomach. 


iT.swAXA,]^n., red l3nx 
iTswANE, / {Lynx cara- 


mtumbu mkuru = 


pot belly. 


cal). 


MTUMBU MTJBNA = 


TswANGA, see Tsaga. 


white of egg. 


TswATSwADziRAjV., feel, 


TJlTUMBU, 77. (RiNUMBU), 


grope as a blind man. 


(1) crowd, multitude; 


mTswene, »., compassion, 


(2) Pleiades. 


pity. 


TuMBUGA, V. int., to 


TswETERA, V. int.^ be 


bloom, flower. 


hoarse. 


TuMHURA, v., see Tombo- 


IHWI RANGU RI NO 


RA. 


TSWi.TrERA = I* am 


TuMiDZA,! u. tr., give a 
TuMiRA, / name to, to 


hoarse. 


iTswiNA, /I., see iSwina. 


name. 


iTswo, n., see iT.so. 


TuMinziRA, r., call by 


Tu, noun prefix^ see 


name. 


** Notes." 


TUMNRA,r'./)flW«.ofTUMA. 


MTrni,\n., (1) Westings of 
tjiTltbi,/ milk ; (2) whey. 


mTumnwe, 77., messenger. 


RiTuMo, 71., spear. 


TimvuNYisA, V. tr.^ feel, 


TJiTuNA, n , corpse. 


touch, tickle. 


TuNDA, v., urinate. 


TiJGA, f., scold, taunt. 


mTundo, «., urine. 


curse, swear, insult. 


TJiTuNDU, n., basket sewn 


TuoANiRA, «., curse. 


not plaited, applied to 


Tug AN A, v., contend, 


a hat or anv article 
similarly made. 


swear at one another. 



Tun 



Uro 



Tung A, v., germinate, 
sprout, bud, moult, 
change coats. 

TUNGA MiTi, spring. 

TUNGIRA RUDZINGO, 

thread a needle. 
TuNGAMiRA, v., advance, 
go forward, conduct, 
guide. 

TUNGAMIRA PAMBE- 

Ri, precede. 
TuNGiDZA, V. tr., light a 

torch or candle. 
TuNGiRA, v.^ see Tunga. 
TuNiLA, v., sniif. 
Tunira, ?;., punish. 
RiTuNJE, n., beetle. 
mTuno, see iDuno. 
tjiTunskwa, n., bundle. 
maTunu, see maDunu. 
nTunu, see iDunu. 
TuNUMARA, V. int., squat. 
TjiTuNZi, n., horse-fly. 
m(u)Tupo, n., surname, cog- 
nomen. 
TuRA, v., see Durura. 
iTuRA, see iDura. 
TuRiGA, V. int., hang up, 
balance, poise. 
maTuro, n., truth. 
TjiTuRU, n. (iDura), corn 
bin. 
nTuru, n. (nDuru), bile, 
gall. 
TuRUGA, v., see Duruga. 
TuRURA, v., see Durura. 
nTururu, n., see nTuru. 
TusuRA, V. tr., (1) pene- 
trate, puncture, break 
open ; (2) weed, pull 
up by roots. 
TjiTuTAMATUZi, u., dung 
beetle. 
TuTUMA, V. int., boil over, 



sputter, rise (of bread), 

ferment. 
TuTUMARA, v., cling. 
TuTURUSA, V. tr., attract. 

TUTURUSA MESO = 

attract attention. 
Tya, v., see Hya. 
Tyoga, v., see Hyoga. 
Tyora, v., see Hyora. 
iTuzi, 71. (iNuNZi), fly. 
Tuzura, v., see Tuturu- 

SA. 

maTuzwi, n., fseces, dung. 



u 

U, pers. pron., 1st and 
2nd pers., he, she, it, 
thou. U or HU is some- 
times used instead of 
BU as the pron. of bu 
class. 

tj(i)Uduri, n., ratel. 

Ugo, pron. emph., it ; see 

" Notes." 
Ugu, dem. pron., this. 
TJgura, v., see Bugura. 
Uhw^o, pron. emph., it; 
see "Notes." 
tj(i)Uma, n., beads. 

Umba, v., see Humba. 
tj(i)Umbo, n., lead. 
muUnga, n., variety of 

mimosa. 
tjiUngwe, n., thicket. 
Uri, pron. emph., thou, 

thee ; see " Notes." 
Uro (1), j)ron. emph., it ; 
(2) pron. dem., that; 
6'ee " Notes." 



Uni 



( 389 ) 



Vul 



tj(i)Urc, n., an ant-heap. 
Uru, pron. dein.^ this ; 

see " Notes." 
Urura, v. tr.^ skim 
(milk) ; see also Buru- 

RA. 

ii(u)TJruru, n. (muBururu), 
a boring tool. 
Uruya, pron. dem.., that 

yonder ; see " Notes." 
Utsa, v.y see Budza. 
TJya, pron. dern., that 

yonder. 
Uya, v., see Buy a. 
Uyo, (I) pron. e7nph,hej 
him, she, her ; (2) prom 
dem. that ; see " Notes." 
iXJyo, /I., see huIyo. 
Uyu, pron. dem.^ this ; 
see " Notes." 
BuUwA,Vi> mushroom (edi- 
HuUwA,/ ble). 



jiaVai, n., clots of blood. 

Vaira, v. int.^ boil, fer- 
ment, pain as of burn- 
ing (esp. in the chest). 

iVaive, n., chameleon. 

Vanga, v. tr., mix, knead. 

VANQANiDZA,|v.^r.,mix, 

Vaxoaxisa, / confuse, 
confound; c/. Bvuba- 

NIDZA. 

Venhxja, v. int., light, 

lighten, flash. 
Venegisa, r Jr., explain, 
illuminate. 
mVeneoo,!?!., candle, 
tjiVenboo,/ torch, flash 



of lightning. 



Vbrera, v. intj disap- 
pear. 
miVeri, n., whiskers (of 
animals). 
Vbya, v. int., be cunning, 

crafty. 
iVeya, n., a cunning one. 
mVioitiwa, 71., big blue 
pigeon. 
ViMA, V. tr.j hunt. 
MuViMi, 71., hunter. 
RiViN'GA, 71., clod of earth, 
hard lump of clay, a 
brick. 
ViNGANiSA, i/\, see Van- 

GANISA. 

Vinza, v. int., leak ; see 

BVINZA. 

mViri, n, (mBiri), body. 

TJlVlRIRI, \^ K„.^f«^fl,. 

ViYA, V. tr., (1) to strip 

off the skin or clothes; 

(2) to malign. 

mVonego, 71., see mVenego. 

RiVu, 71., soil, mould, sand, 

clay. 
mVubu, 71., hippopotamus. 
mVubiro, 71., barm. 
maVudzi, 71., human hair, 

VUGANYIRA, v., SCe Fu- 
GAIRA. 

VuGiDZA,lv., see Fuoi- 

VUGIJA, I DZA. 

VuouDZA, V. (PFuoura), 

shake as a blanket. 
VuGUTA, v., see Bvugu- 

TA. 

VuHUDZA, v., see Vuou- 

DZA. 

mVuka, 7?., soap. 

VULUMA, r.j^ecVURUMA. 

VuLuw ATA, v., see Vuru- 

WATA. 



Vum 



( 390 ) 



Warn 



mVumba, n., gnu {Con- 


VuRUWATA, V. int., close 


nocticetes gnu). 


eye?, sleep, doze. 


MUVUMBI, n., (i) heavy rain 


Vl'ta, v., see Pfuta. 


(Teb.); (2) puff adder 


mVuto, n., see mPfuto. 


{Clot ho arietanH). 


VuTUNUGA, v., blow one- 


VuMBUNYUiiA, V. tr.j un- 


self up (as a toad). 


cover, unstop, uncork, 


VuvA, V. int., he tainted. 


discover. 


putrid. 


MVuMiRANO,n. (Bvumira), 


TJiVuvu, n., gale. 


a treaty, agreement. 


VuvuDZA, V. tr., blow 


VuMUGA, V. int., be anx- 


hard, as the wind ; 


ious. 


shake, beat a blanket. 


VuMViRA, V. int., rot. 


RlVUVUMNRE, n. (iVu), 


VuNA, V. tr., (1) break, 


gravel. 


damage,dislocate {act.), 


VuwATiRA, v., embrace. 


snap, wrench, sprain ; 


VUAVAYIRA, v., cringe. 


(2) gather fruit for 




present use. 




VuNDUDZA, V. tr., startle, 


w 


frighten, alarm, amaze. 




VuNDUGA, ) V. int., be 


Wa, (1) V. int., fall, drop 


VuNDUGWA, [ startled, 


down, tumble ; (2) for 


frightened, anxious, 


Ba, substantive verb. 


uneasy, nervous. 


be; (3) pers. pron.. 


VuNDUSA, V. tr., see Vu- 


past tense form of u. 


NDUDZA. 


(u-fA); see "Notes." 


VuNDUSiRA, V. tr., fright- 


muWa, n., thorn, prickle. 


en for ( a pi 1 rpose) = re- 


quill of porcupine. 


prove, scold. 


bumiWa, n., prickles, back 


VuNiDZA, V. tr. (Vuna), 


fin of a fish. 


flatter. 


'WABO,poss.pron., their; 


VuNiGA, V. int. (Vuna), 


see " Notes." 


be broken, sprained, be 


Wadzo, poss. 2:>ron., 


loose, dislocated. 


their ; see " Notes." 


VuNZA, v., see Vinza. 


riWahla, n. (riWata), 


VuRA, v., go on hands 


secretarj'^ bird. 


and knees. 


Wake, pos. prosn. his, 


\f Vttr a 'I 


her, its ; .see " Notes." 
Wako, poss. pron., thy ; 


mVuri, n. (mBuri), sha- 


see "Notes." 


dow. 


ruWaive, n., see ruAive. 


VuRUMA, V. int., growl. 


Wambana,?;., be parallel; 


snarl. 


cf. Bambana, holding 


VuRUMiRA, v., growl at. 


one another. 



Warn 



( 391 ) 



Wik 



muWambb, n., twins. 

Wana, v. tr.^ obtain, 
gain, earn, procure, 
discover, recover, find, 
fetch a price, catch, 
overtake, find at home. 
guWaxa, 7J., profit, wages, 

treasure. 
buWaxa, n., see iHana. 
mWana, n.; see mnwAna. 
Wanda, v. int. (Anda), 
spread, increase, be 
broad. 

WANDARIRA ZUBA, 

warm oneself in 
the sun = spread 
oneself in the sun. 

WANDARIOA NTJIX- 

JiGOjtake a surety. 
ouWanda, 11., breadth ; see 

ouAnda. 
ruWanda, 71., leather ; see 
ruAnda. 
Waxdisa, v. tr., enlarge ; 

see AxDiSA. 
Waxgu, poss. pron., my ; 



see " Notes." 



bark 



ruWangu, n., in 

of a tree. 
miWanyana, 71., prickle?. 
riWaxga, 71., see riBaxga. 
tjimWaxgo, 71., shovel. 

Waxgu, poss. m^oii., my ; 

see " Notes.' 
Waxu, adv., yet. 
Waxurudza, v. tr., re- 
concile. 
Wanurura, v. int., be 

reconciled. 
Waxsa, see Baxda. 
Wara, r. tr., spread (a 
mat). 
ruWarb, ) 71., threshing- 
TJi.GuWARE,f floor. 



riWare, )?i., cliff, rock, 
buWare, f precipice. 
Waro, poss. pi'on., its ; 
see " Notes." 
riWata, 71. (riWahla), 
secretary bird. 
Watjo, poss. p7'07i., its ; 

see " Notes." 
Wawa, v., see Baba. 

WaWO, poss. pi'07l., its, 

their ; see " Notes." 

Wayo, poss. proii., its 
their, see " Notes." 
mWazha, 71., wagon track. 

Wazwo, pos.s. proii., 
their ; see " Notes." 

Wedu, poss. pro7i. our; 
see " Notes." 

Wedza, adv., to-mor- 
row. 

Wedzerera, v. tr., add 
to, increase, exagger- 
ate. 
mWexa, n., a hole; see 

MNW-IXA. 

mWexe, 71., see mu-Enb. 
tjiWenga, 71., green parrot; 

C/. lH>VEXKA. 

mWexje, 71., firebrand, 

lamp ; see mu-Exje. 

Wexyu, po.ss proii., 

your; see " Notes." 
iWere, l7i., cliff, preci- 
buWere, j pice. 

Werewere, 71., a glitter- 
ing. 
nyexyedzi dzi no 

XGOTI werewere 

=the stars are 
glittering, 
WiDZA, V. rnt., see 

HWIDZA. 

iWiHU, n., spring hare. 
WiKA, V. tr,, preserve. 



Win 



( 392 ) 



Yed 



mWina, n., hole ; see 
mu-Ina. 
WiRA, V. int. (Wa), fall 
down (a precipice), 
tumble down or into. 
maWirirazuba, n. (Biri- 
razuba), west. 
WiRUDZA, V. tr., offend. 
WiSA, V. tr., cause to fall 
down, push down, 
throw down. 
WiwANA, V. int., race. 
iWiYO, n., small hand- 
stone of mill ; see mi- 
Iyo. 
Dz(i)WiYO, n.pl{WA), a faint- 
ing fit. 
iWiZHA, n., pit trap. 
GuWo, n., an alarm. 

RiDZA GUWO = raise 
an alarm. 
WoNA, v., to see; see 
Bona. 

IWOSIASHE, n. (IlIOSIA- 
SHe), queen, principal 
wife of the chief. 

IWOSHE YOMTJENJI, 

queen ant. 
maWuma, n., wrinkles. 
TjiWuNDUDZi, n., moth. 
WuTSi, n., smoke ; see 

BU-TSI. 



Ya, pers. pron., past 

tense form of I; see 

" Notes." 
Yabo, poss.pron., their ; 

see " Notes." 
iYadzi, n., female ; see 

Hadzi. 



YADZO,poss.pron.,their ; 

see '* Notes." 
tjiYalana, 7i., smaU pot; 

see i-Hari. 
Yake, poss. pron., his, 

hers, its ; see " Notes." 
Yako, jmss. pron., thy; 

see " Notes." 
iYamba, n., tortoise; see 

iHamba. 
Yamba, v. int., float. 
iYambagubvu, n., see 

i-Ambagubvu. 
Y^AMGA, V. int., suck. 
Yamgisa, v. tr., suckle. 
Yamura, v. tr., relieve 

of a bui-den. 
Yani (ani), inter, pron.^ 

who, what. 
iYanganrobe, n., stork ; 

see i-Anganrobe. 
Yangu, poss. pron., my ; 

see " Notes." 
iYanzu, 71., clothes; see 

iHanzu. 
Yaro, poss. pron., its; 

see " Notes." 
Yaruga, v. int., go from, 

go out, erupt, break 

out, leave, abandon. 
guYaruga, n., rash on the 

skin. 
Yarutsa, v., expel, shut 

out. 
Yatjo, poss. pron., its ; 

see " Notes." 
Yawo, poss. pron., its, 

their ; see " Notes." 
Yayo, poss. pron., its, 

their ; see " Notes." 
Yazwo, poss. pron., 

their ; see '' Notes." 
Yedu, poss. pron., our ; 

see " Notes." 



Yed ( 393 ) 8kt 


Yedza, v., see Edza. 


for ice (c/. ZAi=egg 


tjiYexga, ;i., see tjiExga. 


and TjAYiRA = swim). 


mYenga, ;t., bride. 


nZebe, n., ear; see Zhebb. 


Yen Y u, poss. />roii.,your ; 


riZege, 71., see iZenze. 


see '' Notes." 


riZembe, n., small dove 


Yerura, I'., see Urura. 


with black about eyes. 


TjiYiNOA, /I., see tjiEnga. 


iZenqea, 71., an adulter- 


Yo, (1) dem. pron., see 


ess. 


Iyo ; (2) adv., so, thus. 


Zengurira, v. int., be 


zwiYo, n., native corn. 


merciless. 


ZWIYO ZWA KA NYO- 


tjiZengwb, n., fowl coop. 


robera = nmiica- 


Zenza, v. int., lie down, 


tia of the Mate- 


lie about, be lazy. 


bele. 


mZenza, 71., (1) idle person, 


-|°;}»...eeIvo. 


sluggard ; (2) adulterer, 
fornicator. 


lYoTA, n., thirst ; see 


riZeszb, n., mane. 


lNyota. 


Zenzira, v. (Zenza), lie 




down on. 




Zera, v. int., overflow. 




Zeub, pft. of Zara; see 


z 


Zhara. 


Zerere, adj., green. 




iZetje, n., see iSetjb. 


Zadza, v. tr.^seeZnkDZk. 


Zeya, v. int., chew the 


riZai, 71., egg. 


cud. 


uZ\LANi, n,, friend. 


mZeze, \n., see ri- 
mZezema.J Zenze. 


riZamu, n., see iZhamu. 


riZambl'QO, n., see iZham- 


Zqwinya, v., see Gwiya. 


BUGO. 


Zqwanura, v., thrash, 


riZasa. n., a hundred. 


beat. 


riZanou,) „ „i,„^„, 
riZanko,/ '*•' ^^*^"^- 


ruZha, /?., tumult, noise, 
sound. 


mZarara, n., flower of 


NORUZHA, noisy. 


maize. 


ITA RUZHA, make a 


mZariro, n.; see hZhar- 


noise. 


IRO. 


Zhadza, v. <r., (Zhara), 


Zarima, adj., see Rlma. 


fill. 


Zarira, see Zhauira. 


riZhambuoo, n. (Ambug a), 


ZARURA,V.,«ecZHARURA. 


drift, ford. 


Za8I, adv., south, down 


riZhamu, n., udder, human 


river; see Nyasi. 


breast. 


maZaya, In., clinkers; 
maZayira,/ may be used 


mZhara, n., hunger, 


famine. 



Zha 



( 394 ) 



Zim 



Zhara, v. int., be full, 
rise of a river. 

Zhauika, v. tr. (Zhara), 
close, shut. 

Zharisa, v. tr. (Zhara), 
till. 

Zhariwa, v. pass. 
(Zhara), be shut. 

Zharura, v., unfasten, 
open, reveal, be clear, 
unclouded of the sky. 

Zhe, adv., outside, with- 
out. 
nZhebe, n., ear. 

Zherb, pft., of Zhara. 

iZhezha, n., see Zhizha. 

ZHEZHUGWi,p?'f2>. ,abo ve, 
upon ; see Pehogwi. 

Zhinzhi, adj., many, 
much, abundant, suffi- 
cient. 
ibuZhinzhi, n., abundance. 
kaZhinzhi, adv., many 
times, frequently. 
nZhira, n., road, path, 
journey. 

REBA NOMUNZHIRA, 

" tell truth." 
nZhiri, n., pig. 
iZhiya, n., tiger cat. 
riZhizha, n., rainy season, 

summer. 
riZhoba, n. (Zha), sound, 
noise, din, tumult. 
NEZHOBA, boisterous, 
loud, noisy. 
iZhongororo, n., milli- 

pede. 
Zhora, v. tr., anoint, 

grease. 
iZHOwu,\n. (iHovvu), ele- 
iZhou, j phant. 
ruZhow^a, n., fence, hedge, 
outer fence of a town. 



riZhuba, n., sun, day. 

MAZHUBA OSB, Con- 
tinually. 

BUY A PANU U NO ITA 

MAZHUBA = come 
here slowly. 
Zhula, v., see Zharura. 

iZhUMBA, 72., fowl coop. 

ruZhumo, 71., head orna- 
ment of a married 
woman. 
riZhunje, 11., dry stalk. 
Zhure, see Shure. 

PAZHURU, high up. 
PAZHURU PA, upon, 

above. 
RiZHURURiYA, day 
before, yesterday. 
Zi, see Zwi. 
MiZi, n., rushes. 

ZiBA, v., see DziBA. 
GuZiBA, n. (guDziba), com- 
passion, mercy, kind- 
ness. 
ZiBiDZA, v., see Dzibisa. 

ZiBIRA, v., see DZIBIRA. 
TJlZlBIR0,7i,,SeeTJlDziBIR0. 

ZiBisiSA, v., see Dzibisi- 

SA. 

mZibo, 71. (mDzibo), end, 
boundary, end of a 
stick. 
ZiBULULA, see Zubu- 

RURA. 

ZiBUYANA, adv. (Buy- 
ana), well, nicely, not 
hurriedly, gradually. 

ZiGA, V. int., vanish, 

sink. 
iZiLOWA, 71., see i-Zira- 

WA. 

ZiMBA, v., see DZIMBA, 



Zim 



( 395 ) 



Zak 



maZimbb, Ji., cinders, char- 
coal. 
nZimbha, «., tsetse fly. 
ZiMBiDZA, r., see Dzi- 

MBIDZA. 

ZiMBiowA, "jt'.; see 

ZiMBIGHWA, [- DZIMBI- 

ZimbirhwaJ gwa. 
ZiMBiSA, v., corroborate, 

see Sim BIS A. 
iZiMBO,l7i., disease; see 

TJiZlMBO,/ IDZIMBO. 

ZiMBUG \v A, r., be swollen ; 

see DziMBiGWA. 
ZiNDAM A, t\,lean against; 

see Sendama. 
Z IN EPA, V. int. (Nyepa), 

lie, speak falsel}*. 
mZinga, n., cannon ; see 

mDzixga. 
ZiNOAPA, adv., so ranch. 
ZiNO, n., tooth {plur. 

Mexo) ; see zlxo. 
ZiPA, V. inf., be nice, 

pleasant to the taste. 
nZika, n., footpath; see 

xZhira. 
RiZiRAWA, n., koodoo. 
Ziso, n , eye (/>Zwr. MESO) ; 

see z-Iso. 
RiZiTA, n., name. 
ZiTiSA, v., act hypocriti- 
cally ; see Zwitisa. 
ZiVA, V. int., be hungry ; 

cf. also DziYA. 
ZiYAMA, V. be half full. 
ZiYAMISA, V. ft'., half fill. 
iZizi, n., ghost. 
ZoDZA, r., see Sodza. 
ZoKWADi, adv., indeed, 

really, surely. 
NZoMBBjln., ox, bullock, 
nZome. J a castrated 

male of cattle. 



ZoMKATi, 71., ofTal; see 

zoMkati. 
ZoMORA, v., see Shomora. 
jiaZoxde, n., "estate" of 
a deceased person. 
RiZoxDO, 71., foot of an 
animal. 

RlZoXGOSA,! 71. (SoXGOZA), 

mZoxgosa,/ backbone, 
spine. 

mZoxgoga, n., to be ren- 
dered by an adverb, 
backwards ; e.g., \va 

KA EXDA MZOXGOGA = 

he went backwards. 
Zoxong ug A,v.2n<.,shake ; 

see Zuxuxguga. 
ZONYOXGOGA, r. inf., 
meander, wander aim- 
lessly. 
ZoRA, V. tr., see Zhora. 
ZoRODZA,) V. int., rest, 
ZoRORA, / repose, take 
breath. 
maZororo, n., a resting- 
place. 
nZowu, n., see xZhowu. 
Zozo,dem.pron.{DzeDZO, 
zwozwo), those, them. 
NDizozo, it is thev, 

"that is all." 
NEZOZO, with them, 
on that account. 
RiZuBA, n., see iZhuba. 
ZuBA, v., drag, haul. 
ZuBURURA, r. tr., cast 
off, disown. 

RlZUBURWA, 71., cast -off 

skin, a deserted or dis- 
owned child or animal. 
ZuBUYAXE, see Zibu- 

YAXE. 

ZuKWADi, adv., surely; 
see ZoKWADr. 



Zum 



( 390 ) 



Zwe 



nZuma, n., young man. 


Zwabo, poss. pron., 


KiZuMBA, 11. (Mba), fowl- 


their ; see " Notes." 


house. 


ZwADZO, poss. pron.. 


ZUNA, V. tr., to button. 


their; see "Notes." 


BuZuNDE,n., brush of a tail. 


ZwAGWA, V. pass, of 


ZuNGA, V. int. J move to 


ZWARA,for ZWARGWA. 


and fro, oscillate. 


ZwAKE, poss. prmi., his, 


ZuNGANA, v.int., writhe, 


hers, its ; see " Notes." 


wriggle (as worms). 


ZwAKO, poss pron., thy ; 


ZUNGATA, see SUNGATA. 


see " Notes." 


nZungu, n., ground nuts ; 


ZwAMKADi, adv. (ZOK- 


see nZunzu. 


WADi),certainly, truly, 


maZungu, n., bran or husks 


surely. 


of corn. 


Zavangu, (I) adv., just. 


ZUNGURA, V. tr., sift, 


certainly, no doubt ; 


winnow. 


(2) poss. pron., my; see 


ZUNGUZIGA, V. int. (Zu- 


" Notes." 


ngika), quiver. 


ZwAKARB, adv. (kare), 


TJiZuNO, n., stopper. 


also, continually, again 


ZUNUNGUGA, V. int., 


and again. 


shake, quiver, rustle, 


ZwARA, V. tr., beget. 


waver, be shaky. 


bear fruit, bring forth 


ZuNUNGUSA, V. tr., shake, 


of animals and trees, 


loosen. 


lay (eggs), sow (seed). ; 


nZunza, n., tiger cat. 


iZWARA, 71., toe. 


nZunzu, n., ground nuts. 


baZwarana, n., kindred, 


RlZURA, 71., frog. 


relations. 


RiZuRO, 71., yesterday ; see 


ZwARGWA, V. pass, of 


Zhuro. 


ZWARA. 


ZuwA, V. int., chatter 


RlZWARI, 71., sun. 


gossip. 


RuZwARO, 71., birth. 


ZuwiDZA, V. tr., make to 


ZwARO, poss. pron., its ; 


chatter. 


see " Notes." 


ZuwiRANA, V. int., chat- 


ZwATjo, poss. pron., its ; 


ter together, talk all 


see " Notes." 


at once. 


ZwAWO, poss. pron., its, 


ZuzA, V. tr., shake, beat 


their ; see " Notes." 


(a blanket). 


ZwAYO, poss. pron., its. 


ZuzuMA, V. tr., shrug 


their ; see " Notes." 


(shoulders). 


ZwAzwo, po.ss. pron., 


ZwA, pers. pron., past 


their ; see " Notes." 


tense form of zwi, q.v. 


ZwE, adv., thus, continu- 


mZwa, n. (cf. tji-dya), 
MuZwA,/ bowl, basin. 


ally. 


ITA ZWE, repeat. 



Zwe 



( 397 ) 



Zwi 



ZwBBA, V. int., creep in. 

ZviFAn',po88. pron., our; 
see " Notes." 

ZwENOA, V. int., jump 
backwards. 

ZWEXYU, po8S. proju, 
your ; see "Notes." 

Zwi, (1) prefix to verbs 
giving a reflexive 
sense; e.g. u no zwi- 
BURAYA = he kills him- 
self; (2) plur. prefix, 
and jyron. for tji-zwi 
class. 

ZwiBA, v., see Swiba. 

ZwiBADA, V. (Bada), be 
temperate. 

ZwiBUDzruiRA, V. (Bu- 
DZIRIRA), confess. 

ZWIBURURA, V. tr. (Zu- 
burura), cast oflf. 

ZwiBUYAXA, adv. (Zl- 
buyana), well, nicely, 
accurately. 
KA-N-ZwiDHLA, w., sparrow. 

ZWIDI'NGUMISA, V. (Du- 

ncu'misa), be proud, 
arrogant. 

7.ynm\Av. (Tsa), (1) 

ZwiDZA,/ warm one- 
self at a fire ; (2) de- 
spise, slander. 
nZwidzi, n., a frog. 

ZwiDZiBA, V. (Dziba), be 
conscious, self - con- 
scious. 

Zwir.WAMA, V. (GwAM a), 
be crooked. 

ZWIKUDZA, *) 

ZwiKlRinZA, I \iL2ut 

Zwikurumidza,) ""*"^* 
ZwiMBA, v. tr., (I) desire 
(a thing), want; (2) 
swell; see Dzimba. 



paZwimba, wale (= where 
it is swollen). 
ZwiMBiGHWA, V. ; see 

DZIMBIGHWA. 

nZwimbo, n., see nDzimba. 
TjiZwiMBO, n., see tji- 

ZlMBO. 

ZwiMNWB, adt?., another 

place. 
ZwiNA, v., see Swina. 
ZwiNiRiRA, n., see Swi- 

NIRA. 

ZwiNO, see Zwixu. 
TjiZwiNO, n., see tjiSwixo. 
ZwiNU, adv., already, 

directly, soon, now, 

justnow, immediately; 

see also zwiNu. 
ZwiNUZWiNU, emphatic 

for ZwiNU. 
ZwTNUGA, ) V. int., see 

ZWINURA, ( SWINURA. 

ZwiNYiMA, V. tr., stint 

oneself, fast. 
ZwiPFURiDZA, v., boast, 

(Pfuridza). 
ZwiRA, V. int., see Dzira. 
ZwiRUMBiDZA, v., boast, 

praise oneself. 
ZwisiMBE, adv., fast, 

tightly. 
Zwisungira,v.,(Sunoa), 

hang oneself. 
ZwiTiRA, ) V. int. (Ita), 
ZwiTiSA, ] pretend, 

feign, act hypocriti- 
cally. 
ZwiTO, 71., plur. of TjiTo, 

q.v. 
ZwiTURA, «., see Zwi- 

TIRA. 

ZwiNGA, v., fall off (as 

hair). 
ZwiYO, n., see zwi-Yo. 



Zwi 



Zwo 



ZwiziBA, v., be expert, 


ZwoGWAMA, v.; see Zwi- 


experienced (Dziba). 


GWAMA. 


ZWIZUWIDZA, t\ (Zu- 


ZwoTORA, V. int., rub, 


WIDza), talk to oneself, 


chafe ; see Sotora. 


be conceited. 


Zwozwo, adv., well, 


Zwo, adv., see Zwozwo. 


enough, sufficient. 



SECTION 1, 
OF TRAVELLING, SPORT, ETC. 

ENGLISH. TKBEI.E. gHUNA. 

Where is the river? Umfula u fiapi na? Kwizi gu ri pi ? 
Here is the river. Nampa umfula. Hooo kwizi. 

Where is the water ? Amanzi a napi na? Mvura i ri pi ? 
It is far. Gu katjana. Gu kure. 

It is very far. Gu katjana sibili. A ri gurepu gwazo. 

There is none here. Ka a ko eduze. A i tji po pedhlu. 

It is near. A seduze. I Ri pedhlu. 

When shall we get Si za gu figa nini Ti no o swiga rini ? 

there? . na? 

When the sun is (Si za gu figa) ilafia To swiga zuba ri 

there (pointing). 11 lapa (|X)inting). Ri papo (pointing). 

The river is full. Umfula u cwele. Kwizi gu zere. 
The river is dr}'. Umfula u tjile. Kwizi gwa tswa. 

There is no water. Amanzi ka a ko. Mvura a i mo. 
Is the water nice ? Amanzi a mnandi Mvura i no naka? 

na? 
Where does this Umfula lo u puma Kwizi koko gu no 

river rise ? pi na ? bva pi ? 
It joins the a U ya tela gu ka- Gu no dira gu 

long way off. tjana-katjana— or, kurekure, or 

U ya hlafiana lo — U noshaSganana — 
katjana sibili. kurekure. 

The fountain has no Umtombo ka a se Tjiriba a tji tji 

water now. lamanzi. nemvura. 

Where shall we Si za gu welela fiapi To gwambugira pi 

cross? na? na? 

Here is the drift! Nanti izibugo ! Eri ziiambugo ! 

Outspan up there on Kiimula lapava pe- Homora ekoguva 

the top among the zulu ezihlanleni— ehukwi gu miti 

trees ! or, pagati gwezi- (Loze) ! 

hlahla! 
Light a fire ! Basa umlilo ! Besa moto ! 

Boil some water ! Pega amanzi ! Biga mvura ! 

Stay and mind the Hlalaulindeinkolo, Gara,u rindenkoro, 

wagon; do not u fta sugi I u sing a mirigi ! 

leave it I • 



( 400 ) 



ENGLISH. 

Where is there a 
pool ; I am going 
to bathe? 

Are there any croco- 
diles there? 

I am going to fish. 

Here are some fish, 

clean them and 

cook them for me. 
Catch the horses, we 

are going to hunt. 
What sort of game 

is there here. 
There is no more 

game. 
It has disappeared. 
It is finished in this 

country. 
There is an eland ! 
It has run away. 
You hit it. 
See ! here is the 

blood. 
Here is its spoor. 

No, you missed. 



TEBKLR. SHUNA. 

Si pi isiziba, fii yo Ri ri pi jiba ndo 
geza kona ? ngura mo (Loze) ? 

Ingnvenya zi kona Ngwena dzi ri po ? 

na? 
ai yo gola inhlanzi. 



Nanzi inhlanzi, a 

gu zi hlahie, u fii 

pegele. 
Bamba amapiza si 

yo zifiela. 
Zi kona inyama- 

zana nbani na ? 
Ka zi se ko iny ama- 

zana. 
Zi tjonile. 
Gu pelile gu leli 

lizwe. 
Nansi impofu ! 
I balegile. 
U i tjayile. 
A gu Done! nanti 

igazi. 
Nanka amasondo 

ayo. 
Atji ! u kutile. 



Ndo ndo bate hobe 

(= BATA IHOBE). 

Ejo hobe, ji tema u 
NDi bigira (Loze). 

Bate mbizi ti ndo 

VIMA. 

Ji RI PO MUG A ? (Loze). 

A DZI TJI MO MUG A. 

DZA KA NYURA. 
DZA KA PERA MUNE 
INO NYIGA. 

Eye SHABA ! 
Ya manya. 

Wa I LOBA. 

Bona ! eri ropa. 
Eji Nozo JAYO (Loze). 

Al! WAPFUSAGWEYA. 



A List of the more Common Wild Animals and Birds, 



Ant bear (Oryctero- Isambane 

pus capensis). 
Antelope. 
Baboon {Cynoce- 

phalus chacma). 
Bat. 
Buffalo {Bubalus 

caffer). 
Burchell's zebra. 

{Equus Burchelli) 
Camelopard. 
Cat (both wild and 

domestic). 



Inyamazane. 
Indwaiiu. 

Ilulwane. 
Inyati. 

Idube. 

Intudhla. 
Unkazi. Umongoi. 



SHUNA. 
RiDIGITA. 

Imuka. 
Igudu. 

Kamrengwa. 
Inyati. 

Idube. 

Nswiza. Isoma. 
Unemange. 



( 401 ) 



I 



Cat (wild only). Igola. 

Crocodile (CVocorfi7u«Ingwenya. 

vulgaris). 
Coney {Hyrax Inteletja. 

capetuiis). 
Cobra (Naja haje). Lipimpi. 
Cheetah (? Gueparda Ihiozi. 

jtibata). 
Dog. Inja. 

„ wild. Iganyana. 

Donkey. Ubabemi 

DxxyliQT {CephaLopus Impunzi. 

tnergens). 
Eland {Oreas canna). Impofu. 
Elephant. Inkubu. 

Gemsbok (Oryx Inkukama. 

gazella). 
Giratle. Intudhla. 

Gnu(blue wildebeest). Inkonkoni. 

(Connochcetes gnu). 
Grys stein bok. Isahlunwane. 

Hare. Umvundhla. 

Hartebeest, see Sassaby. 
Hippopotamus. Imvnbu. 

Honey bear, see Katel. 
Hysena {Ilycsna vil- Impisi. 

losa^or Pruteles cristata). 
Jackal. Ikanka. 

Silver jackal. Unea. 

Klipsprinyer {Xano- IgOKa. 

tragus ortstragus). 
Koodoo {Strepsictros Impalapala. 

kudu). 
Leopard. Ingwe. 

Lion. Isilwana. 

Lynx, see Red lynx. 
Mole. Imvuguzana. 

Monkey. Inkau. 

Mouse. Untswebe. 

Oribi {Nanotragus Isinza. 

scoparius). 
Otter. Intini. 



8HUMA. 

Ndambi. 
Igambinga. 

Ngubhye. 

Ipfungahore. 
Ididingwe. 

Mbha. 
Ibilme. 
Mbizi. 
Imembhe. 

Imofu. Ishaba. 

Nzowu. 

(Not known in 

shonaland). 
Nswiza. 
Imvl'mba. 



Ma- 



TlMBA. 

ISHUKU. ISWIRO. 

MVUBU. 

Tjiperb. 

MUNGUGWE. 

Igava. 
Igulutu. 

Inoro. 

Ingwe. Mbada. 

ISHUMBA. LmONDORO. 

Imvnguzi. 

Jkhoko. Itsoko. 

Mheba. 

Isinza. 

Mbhakwizi. 
Ndzwidzi. 

DD 



( 402 ) 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. 


8HUNA. 


Pangolin. Inkaka. 


Iambagubvu. 


Pig (wild) Ingulube. 


Njiri. 


Polecat. Iqaqa. 


Tjidembu. 


Porcupine. Inufiu. 


Inungu. 


Puff adder {Clotho Ibululu. 


MVUMBI. 


arietaiis) 




Python. Ihlatu. 




Quagga, see Burchell's 




zebra. 




Eatel {MeUivora Ulinda. 


ISERERE. 


capensis). 




Eat. Igundwane. 
Water rat. Ibuzi. 


Igonzo. 


Idapi. 


Eed buck, see Eooibok. 




Eed lynx {Lynx Intwane. 

caracal). 
Eeed buck, see Eeitbok. 


Itswane. 




Ehinoceros. Umkombo. 


Inema. 


Eeitbok {Cervicapra Umzigi. 


Ibima. 


arundineum). 




Eooibok. Impala. 


Imara. 


Eock rabbit, see Coney. 




Sable antelope {Hip- Umtjwayeli. 


Imarapara. 


potragus niger). Ingwalati. 
Sassaby {Alcelaphus Inkolome. 




Inondo. 


lunatus). 




Serval, see Tiger cat. 




Steinbok {Nanotraguslnqinsi. 


Imene. 


tragulus). 




Springhare {Fedetes Umayelane. 


Inire. 


capensis). 




Tiger, see Leopard. 




Tiger cat. Indhlozi. 


NZUNZA. 


Tortoise. Ifudu. 


Iamba. 


Waterbuck {Kohus Isidumuga. 


MUMHWA. 


ellipsiprymnus). Insimba. Ipiva. 


Itjanke. 


Wildebeest {Conno- Inkonkoni. 


Imvumba. 


chcefes taurina). 




Wild cat, see Cat. 




„ dog, see Dog. 




„ pig, see Pig. 




Zebra, see Burchell's zebra. 




Wolf, see Hysena. 





( 403 ) 



ENGLISH. TKUKLE. 

Crane, white. Ihemu. 

„ blue, see Heron. 
Crow. Ihwabai. 

Dove. Ijuba. 

„ ringdove. Icelegwana. 

„ black about eyfts. Inkombazana. 
Duck. Idada. 

Eagle. Ukozi. 

Francolin. Isikwehle. 

Guinea fowl. Itendele. 

Goose. Idada elikulu. 

Hawk. Ukozana. 

Umzwazwa. 
„ sparrow-hawk. Uhelwane. 
Imatebene. 



Heron (Ardea 


Umudwa. 


herodias). 




Honey bird. 


Isehlo. 


Ostrich. 


Intie. 
Isikova. 


Owl. 


Pauw. 


Litjeme. 


Partridge. 


Inkwali. 


Parrot. 


Isihwenka. 


Pigeon. 


Inkwilimba 



„ large variety. Ifugudu. 
Pheasant, see Francolin. 
Quail. Inswempe. 

Isikwaca. 
Sparhawk, see Hawk. 
Secretary bird. Udwai. 

Stork. Ilingabuzana. 

Vulture. Ilinqe. 

Inqunqulo. 



SHUNA. 

Ihorow^anb, 



Igungubo. 

Njiba. 

Njiba. 

Inoxi>oro. 

ishambira. 

Igondo. 

Ikwari. 

I HANG A. 

ishambira, 
Njerere. 



ISEKWB, 



RUBANGU. 

k agon dom as wind. 

Karukodzi. 
Ijorkwe. 

Itjezhu. 
Imou. 

TjIGUNDA. ISIZI. 

Ingomnwanyoni. 

Irenge. 

Ihwenka. 

Njiba. 

Igululu. 

Kamtawatswa. 
Nsweme. 

iwahla. iwata. 
Idambidzamrobi. 

loORA. 

Itjapango. 



Lotus go back to the A si buyele enko- A ti dzogerb gu 
wagon ! Iweni ! nkoro ! 

Put all the things Kgenisani izinto a Isai zwinu a ti 
away, let us go ! si hambe !— or, ende ! 

Fagani izinto si hambe ! 

Make haste and in- Pafiisani, li bopele. Tjimbidzami musun- 
span. GE. 



( 404 ) 



ENGLISH. 

Call the oxen. 

Where shall we out- 
span ? 

We will outspan in 
the wood. 

I^t us sleep in the 
sandy veldt. 



^. . 7''«"'^- 8HUNA. 

Biza mkabi Dana inombe. 

fi«^iP knmnlaTo ndo sunungura 

■Uapi i PI ? 

A «?^ol ^®^^V, , MU DONDO. 

tint ®^^^la^a- A TI RARE MU SETJE. 



In the open country. 

In the wooded coun- 
try. 

In the marsh. 

In the open uninha- 
bited country. 
At the stream bed. 
In the sand veldt. 
In the black mud. 



In the red ground. 
In the veldt. 



Ecegeni 

Emacegeni. 

Emasandhleni. 

Esandhleni. 

Emahlatini. 

Emaxapozini. 

Egafieni. 

Edofieni. 

Emhlabatini. 

Esidageni. 

Ebomvu. 
EmafiwenL 



Among 
Among 
Among 
dens. 
Among 
trees. 
Among 
trees. 
Among 
trees. 
Among 
trees. 
Among 
trees. 



the hills. Emaqaqeni. 
the rocks. Emadwaleni. 
the old gar- Eniafusini. 

the mapane Emapaneni. 

the thorn Emeveni. 

the umkaya Emkayeni. 

the umpafa Empafeni. 

the izinga Ezingeni. 



Pa marenjb. 

Mu DONDO. 

Mu shaka. 

Pa matewe. 
Pa marobe. 

Mu MARENJE. 

Mu KORONGA. 
MU(I)VU. Mu SETJE. 
Mu TJITAPURA. 
Mu BANE. 
Mu DOBORO. 

Mu DUNU. 
Mu SHANGO. 

Pa matana. 
Pa mawari. 

Mu MAKURA. 

Mu SARO. 
Mu MAPANE. 
Mu MIWA. 
Mu MINZWA. 
Mu MIWA. 

Mu TJETJENE. 

Mu MINYUf^GA. 



( 405 ) 



Other Dames of trees according to the Matebele :— 

Umlugulu, Umkamanzi, Isihlafio, Ugaku, Amanwendhlala, 
Umqoqoqo, Ivigani, Isixobo, Uhlahlalinye, Umpumpn, Um- 
qogolo, Umtunduluga, Iliminyela. 



We shall reach the Si za gn fi^a gahle, To ndo swiga zibu- 

water easily to- emanzini gusasa, yana gu mvura 

morrow before the ilanalinakatjisi. mangwana zhuba 

sun is hot. Ri sanu ra pisa. 

Outspan here ! Kumula konapa ! Sunungura ipopa ! 

Get some firewood Teza inkuni masi- Shagb huni tjim- 

quickly ! nyane ! bidziga ! 

Chop some bushes Gamulani amahla- Temai miti mu ndi 

and make me a. hla, 11 fii liifiisela bakira pa kdi no 

place to sleep. indawo yogulala. bada. 

Cut a foot stick. Gamula umniya. Tema msazamiro. 
Cut some grass. Sigani utjani. Tjega buhwa. 

Let us sleep ; I am A si lale ; ni difiiwe. A ti rare ; nda ka- 

tired. tara. 

Shall we tie up the Inkomoge, si zibope Ti nosunga inombe? 

cattle? na? 

No! let them feed a Atji! a zi dhle ka- Gwete! a dzi hye 

bit. noinyane. kadukwana. 

We have come far Si vela katjana Ta ka bva kure 

to-day. lamuhla. nasi. 

There are lions in Zi kona izilwana gu Mondoro dzi ri po 

this country. leli lizwe. mune ino nyiga. 

Are there lions here? Zi kona izilwana Mune ino nyiga a 

na ? MU ne mondoro ? 

The oxen will be Inkomo zi ya gu. Inombe dzi no o 

lost lahlega. ra«higa. 

There are gardens A kona amasimn I Ri po minda mberi. 

just in front. pambili. 

Catch the cattle now Bambani inkomo Batai if^OMBS owa 

it is getting dark. katosi, se gu swiba. 
hlwile. 
What fire is that? Umlilo wani lowo? Moto wbni iyoyo? 
They are burning Ba ya tjisa utjani. Ba no pisa buhwa. 

the grass. 
What animalis that Invamazane ibani 1 Muoani iyoyo i no 

crying? kalayo? bira? 



( 406 ) 



EMULISH. TEBELE. 8HUNA. ■ 

Good night, boj's ! Lalani guhle ba- Tjtbadai bakomana ! 
fana! 

Get up ! let us go ! Vugani, a si hambe! Mugai, a ti ende ! 

Outspan ! I am Kurnula, ni lambile. Sunungura, ndi nen- 
Imngry. zara. 

Tell the people to Ba tjela abantu ba Budze banu ba buze 
bring milk; we lata ucago, si yo mkaka ti no tenga. 
will buy. tefia. 

I am going to the Ni ya entabeni Ndi no famba pana 
hill ; perhaps I kumbe fii yo bona paya patjigumo, 
shall see some inyamazana. kana ndo bona 

game. imuga. 

Is it far to 's Gu katjana naemu- Kurekuremumusha 

town ? zini ka ? we ? 

A person can sleep Umuntu u fia lala Munu u nga rara 
twice (on the road) kabili, a fige e kabiri, a swige 
and reach there lobutatu inkomo neretjinatu, ino- 
the third (day) be- zi fia ka pumi. mbe dzi si beru 

fore the oxen have dza buda. 

gone out (of the 
kraal). 

Where is the road ? Indhlela i fiapi na? Nzira i ri pi ? 

Go by that road. Hambaguleyo(i)nd- Enda neyoyo nzira. 
hlela. 

Where is the road I pi indhlela i ye I ri pi nzira i no 

leading to 's emzini ka ? (e)nda gu musha 

village ? WA ? 

This is it! lyo ! {or lyona). Ndiyo. 

How is the road ? Indhela i njani? Nzira ya ka ita 

TJINI ? 

Is there water on the Gu kona amanzi na I ri po mvura mu 
road? endhleleni? nzira? 

It (the road) is all I (indhlela) lufiile ? Ya ka naka. 
right. 

This is a bad place, Indawo imbi, li Pa ka ipa muno ino 
it is unhealthy. lomkuhlane. shangu, mu na- 

mgwere. 

That is the (good) Nanso indawo (inhle) Pa K a naka muno ino 
place, at the top pezu gwentajana. shangupezhugwe- 
of that little hill. tjigomo. 

I should like to live ]&i ya tanda ugn Ndi no da gu gara 

. in this country, it hlalagulelilizwe, muneino nyiga ya 
is very beautiful. lihle lona sibili. ka naka gwazo. 



( 407 ) 



KN6LI8H. TKBKLK. 8HUMA. 

Yes, indeed ! beyond A ! gu ya kulu- Gu NO reberbkwa ! 

description. nywa ! 

Have you seen any Li zi bonile inkolo Ma dzi bona nkouo 

wap:ons in the na, endhleleni ? minzira? 

road y 
Where did you see Wa zi bona fiapi na? Wa dzi bona pi ? 

them? 
How many of them ? Be zi ngake ? Dza dzi ring ana — or, 

DZA NGA DZI RI 
NGANA ? 

Were they tent Be zi lopahla na? Dza dzi nedenoa? 

wap:ons ? 
One had a tent, the Enyeibilalo,ezinyeTMN\VE va ba i nalo, 
others not. za swela. dzimxwe dzi si na 

—or, Imxwe ya Sga i 
nako, dzimnwe dzi 

SHAVA. 

How many oxen Be zi tonswe inkomo Dza dzi kwebha 
were there in- zingakena? nenombe dzi ri 

spanned ? ngana ? 

Of what colours were Imbala yazo zin- M»ara yadzo ya ka 
the cattle ? jani na ? ite tjixi ? 



SECTION 2. 
OF CATTLE, HERDING, ETC. 

ENGLISH. TEBELR. SHUKA. 

This is a bad beast. Imbi inkomo le ! ISombb iyoyb ya ka 

ipa! 
That ox is too old Inkabi leyo indala Inzombe iyo hurit- 
to pull. yogutonsa. gukwe yogi- kwb- 

BA. 

The cattle are sick, Inkomo zi ya gula, ISombbdzinoowara, 

they have diar- zi ya tjega. dzi no pazha. 

rhoea. 
It (the beast) has I bulawa indali- I no buraiwa nbnda- 

lung sickness. mane. umane. 

No! it is not that, Atji! a si yo, i ya Gwbtb, a i to ba iyo, 

it only coughs. kwehlela kodwa. i no koshora koga. 

The calf foams at Inkonyana i ya Imuru i no pupuma 

the mouth. pehla ingwebu. ifuro. 



( 408 ) 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. 

The cow has had a Inkomo i zele. 

calf. 
Is it a bull or cow Ya zala ni na ? 

calf? 
It is a bull calf, Ya zala inkunzi i 

white with red yinco— or, yazala 

marks. inco. 



8HURA. 

Inombb ya zwara. 

Ya zw^ara ni ? 

Ya zwara iHUNzi 

TJENA I NESHABA. 



A list of Tebele terms for some of the more common colours 
met wath in cattle. The names given are those for oxen. For 
cows, suffix kazi ; for heifers, zana. 

ENGLISH. 

White. 

„ very white. 
„ calf, heifer. 
Red. 
„ cow. 
„ calf, heifer. 
Black. 



„ cow. 

„ calf, heifer. 
Dark-red or brown. 
Black brown. 

Light brown, yellow, or cream colour. 
Red chiefly, but partly white. 
White chiefly, but partly red. 
„ black. 



Black 



white. 



TKRKLK. 

Imhlope. 

„ iti Clwaga. 
ImMotjana. 
Ibomvu. 
Inhlamvukazi. 
Tnhlamvazana. 
Imnyama. 
Inzimakazi. 
Inzimazana. 
Insundii. 
Inzoto. 
Iganu. 
Intnsi. 

Inco, or Inqo. 
Lilufia. 
Inala. 
Ibudufiu. 



Black or red, face white. 

„ under throat and belly white. Ipemvu. 

Black belly, flanks white. Liwaba. 

r , „ cow. Liwasakazi. 

Red, with small white spots on the sides. Ludhlubu. 
Black or red, with fine white spots all over. Ipufia (Schilder). 
n „ with face, throat, and belly Ingwevu. 
speckled. 
C^rey. Isibawu. 

Black or red, with tail or brush white, IjoU. 

e.g. ijoli elimnyama. 
Dun-coloured, Umdaga. 

Black and white spots, large spots. Ihwanqa. 

M n „ smaller spots. Iluhlaza. 



( 409 ) 



ENGLISH. TKBGLK. 

Black, with white flame-shaped spots. Inhleg^wana. 

„ „ „ „ „ larger. Imvemve. 

Black and white, colours running into one Ihehe. 

another. 
Black, with small round spots. Umdhlope. 

Black or re^l, with white back. Inkoni. 

„ „ with white spots on lower Intlalati. 
face. 
„ with white spots on upper Indume. 
face. 
Red, with flame-shaped black spots. Impitu. 

Black or red fore and hind quarters, with Iqamuli. 

white between. 
Brownish re<l and white. Intenjana. 



ENGLISH. TKBEI.K. 8HDNA. 

Go and milk. Hamba u yo sefia. Inda, u ndo kama. 

The calf is drinking. lukonyana i si a- Mbutana i no 

nyisa. mnwisa. 

The cattle are lost. Inkomo zi lahlegiie. Inombe dza rashiga. 
Whereabouts are Zi lahlegele napi? Dza rashigira pi ? 

they lost ? 
Who was herding Zi aluswa fiubani. Dzi no pfudzwa ndi- 

them? na? yani?— or, 

Jl MO RISIWA nani? 
Where were they Be zi dhla iiapi? Dza pfudza pi? — or, 

feeding? Ja ji la pi? 

The cattle are in the Inkomo zi seraa- Inombk dzi ri gu 

gardens. simeni. minda. 

The cattle have de- Inkomo zi qedile in- Inombb dza pedza 

molished my gar- simu yami. munda wanou. 

den. 
Why do you report U bigelani gimi na? Wa rebereni ounb- 

tome? MI? 

Are they herded by Zi aluswa imi na? Dzi no risiwa nbmi? 

me? 
It is not my business. A si umlandu wami. A i to be moswa 

YANGir. 

Go and thrash the Hambani li tjaya Indai mit ndo roba 

herd boy. umfana wazo. mlisana wadzo. 

Go to the boy. Hamba omfaneni. Inda ou mlisana. 

The cattle are here. Inkomo zi kona. I.<(ombb dzi ri mo. 



( 410 ) 



ENaLISH. TEBELE. 8HUNA. 

Who is with them ? Zi lobani ( = lit. tliey Dzi nani ? 
with whom) ? 

No, they are by Atji! zi zodwa, a gn Ai! dzi ri dzoga, a 
themselves, there lamuntu. dzi no munu— or, a 

is no one {i.e. in GU no nu. 

charge). 

They broke out at Za foMa ebusuku. Dza poya esiku— or, 

night. J A BUD a busiku. 

The kraal is dilapi- Isibaya si gugile. Danka ra shakaba. 

dated. 
Your ox has fallen Inkomo yako i wele Inombe iye ya wira 

into the mud. esidageni. mudope. 

Call the other boys. Biza abanye aba- Dana bamnwe bako- 

fana. mana. 

Take the reims and Tatani imicilo 11 1 Tora(n)i mitjiri mo 

pull it out. kupe. duse 

Its leg is broken. U apugile umlenzi Ya vuniga gumbo 
wayo. RAYO — or^ 

TjA VUNIGA TJIDZA 
TJAYO. 

Go and fetch the trek Hamba, tata inkabi Enda u tora inzom- 

oxen. (or imbelesi). be. 

I have not seen them. A ni zi bonafia. A ndi na gu dzi 

BONA. 

I do not know (them) A fi.1 zi azi lapa zl A ndi dzi zibi pi dzi 

where they went. yo kona. inda. 

Where is the herd, Umfana wazo ozi Mlisana wadzo u no 

who knows them ? aziyo, u fiapi ? dzi ziba, u ri pi ? 

Go and tell him then. Hamba u m tjele T.jifamba u ndo m 

pela! BUDZA. 

Drive out the oxen A zi ketwe inkabi A sharwe inzombe 

{lit. let all the zonke. zose. 

oxen be picked out). 
Bring them here. A (^)u ze lazo. Tji dzo buya nadzo. 

Where is the big ox? I pi inkabi enkulu? Ndi i pi nzombe hu- 

RU? 

I am looking for ray Hi ya difia imbuzi Ndi no tsaga mbud- 
buck which is lost, yami i lahlegileyo. zi yangu ya rash- 

iga. 

It has the bran sick- Ibulawaisikwekwe.I no gwara tjikun- 
ness. Du. 

Where are the Amapiza a fia pi? Mbizi dzi ri pi? -- 
horses? 



( 4U ) 



ENGLISH. TEISKI-K. 8HUNA. 

Give the horse some Telela ipiza ninum- Dirira tjihakwe 
mealies early in bu eguseni. mbizi mangwa- 

tlie morning. nana. 

Moistened mealies. TJnmmbu omanzi. Tjibakwe tjinyoro. 

Take the horse to Natisa ipiza. Mnwisa mbizi. 

drink. 

What is the colour Inkomo leyo gu ini I yoyo ^Jombe ya 
of that beast ? umbala wayo ? ka ite tjini mpara 

wayo ? 



SECTION 3. 
OF WORK AND WORK BOYS. 

ENGLISH. TEBKLE. 8HUNA. 

Here are boys want- Kampa abafana ba Awu barisana ba no 

inf? work. dina umsebenzi. tsaga mshingo. 

What do you want, U dina ni mfana? U no tsagei mko- 

boy ? ^ mana ? 

I want work ! Ni dina umsebenzi Ndi no tsaga muri- 

— or, 'Sfi difi.a um- mo !— or, Ndo haga 
beleko! mshingo! — or, Ndi 

NO GWA8HE BASA ! 

What pay do you U difia ni, ngubafti U no tsagei ndo gu 

want ? gvi tnsa fiani na ? gu peni ? 

What shall I give Ki ya gu gu pa ni Ndi no gu gu pei? 

you ? na ? 

How long will you U ya gu sebenza gu U no o shinga gu 

work? ze gu be nini? .time gu be rini ? 

I will work for four f(i ya gu bulala Ndo o buraya m?J- 

months. inyafia zi be ne. wedzi mi na. 

What's your name? Ibizo lako lifiubani! Zita rako ri yani? 
I have no blanket. A fii logu ambata. A ndi netjo gu kuga 
Why did you leave U itjiyeleni ekaya? Wa i siyirk ni ( = 

it at home? siyira ini) gu 

MUSH A? 

Go and fetch it ! Hamba i tata ! End a u ndo i tor a ! 

Dig away, first here, Mbana lapa man- It.ta ipopa gu tanga 
and then dig there dulo, anaubana u ndiko u ndo tja 
in front. mbe pambili. mbkri. 



( 412 ) 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. 8HUNA. 

Begin to dig here, dala ngnmba lapa U tange u tjera 
then work round u bete fia pa, gu paya, pota nako- 
till you come to ze gu fige gu leli ko gu swiga pane 
this stone. lilge. ribhye— or, Tan- 

GA GUTJA IPOPA U 
SUME IKOKO U JIMB 
U SWIGE GUNE ILOLI 
IBHYE — 0?',U TANGE 
U TJERA PAYA, (e)N- 
DA MU GUYA IT NO 
SWIGA PANA PABH- 
YE. 

Dig a hole here and Mbana igodi lapa u Itja igomba ipopa u 
set up a pole. hloma isigodo. shomege bangu — 

or, Tjera pa u 
MiSE bangu. 
The hole is dug. Igodi li mbiwe. Igomba i no tjerhwa. 

Set up the pole then Hloma isigodo pela, Isa bangu u tsindirb 

and ram it fast. u qibe kakulu. pa simba. 

Take a straight pole. Tata isigodo est Tore bangu ra ka 

lufiileyo. rurama. 

Can you thatch ? U ya gwazi ugu U no ziwa gu pfu- 

fulela na ? rira ? 

Can you make U ya gwazi ngu U no gwona gu bu- 
bricks ? bumba amagade mba mavinga ? 

na? 
I can do it. Ni na gwenza. Ndi nga zwita. 

No ; it is beyond me. Atji, gu ya fii ahlu- Au ! gu no ndi kwo- 
I cannot (do it). la, a ni gu azi. na, a ndi gu zibe. 

Take this and put it Tata logu, u bege Tora ikoko, u bigb 
over there. lapaya. paya — or, Tora 

ITJETJIYA, ISA PO. 

Help me carry (this). Ki patisa. Ndi batisb. 

Put it up on the Bega pezu gwesi- Isa pamsoro petji- 
pole. godo. tanda — 07*, Biga 

PEHOGWI pa MA- 
PANGU. 

Please to carry these A gu fii patela izi- Tjijo ndo batira ma- 

skins for me. koko lezi. kukuda awo. 

Go and call Hamba m biza Enda u m dana— or, 

InDA U ndo N DANA. 



( 413 ) 



ESGLISH. TEBELE. BHUMA. 

Take this note to Sana ngwalo loin Enda u no isa ri- 
"so and so," and ?u " banibani," u gwaroguna'numn- 
wait for an an- blalele ugwalo we,' a gare nako 
swer. Iwake. rugwaro gwake. 

Do not return with- U na buyi u fie lalo. U si dzoge, u si 
out it. nako. 

Carrj' it gently ; do Pata gahle, u na Bata zibijyana u si 
not let it fall. wisi. rigb — or, Tsa no 

bata, u rege u 

PUTSA. 

Hun ; make haste ! Eitjima u pafiise ! Manyamanya, tjim- 

bidza! 

Be quick back; go 'Qetja ubuye, ham- Tjimbija u joge, 
quickly! ba namandhla ! gwenda nama- 

simba! 

Do not dawdle. U fia libali. U si far a. 

What delayed you ? U libaziswa ini ? Wa nga wa ka g ar- 

1SK>VA NEI ? 

I took shelter from Be fii catjela izulu. Nda nda ka bhatira 

the rain. mvura. 

Build a hut for j'our- Akani ixiba lenu. Bakani gota renyu. 

selves {lit. build 

your hut). 
Cut bushes and make Gamulani amahla- Temani mashazhu, 

(a kraal) for the hla, li biyela- mu bakire Sombe. 

cattle. inkomo. 

Go and dig in the Hamba u lime ensi- Enda u no rima gu 

garden. meni. munda. 

Hoe the mealies. Hlagula umumbu. Shagura tjibakwb. 
Pull up the weeds. Sipuna lukula. Jipura ishanje. 

Do not hoe them, Musani u^uhlagula, Reqedzaigusagura, 

but pull them up a 11 sipune im- mu jipurb midzi 

by the roots. pande sibili. gwazo. 

Water the vegetables.Natisa imbida. Wnwisa miribo. 

Stamp these mealies. Gigela nmumbu. Hwira tjihakwe. 
Put this corn into Telaamabelelaem- Dira mapfunde iwo- 

the hole. lindini. wa mu imbu. 

Plaster this house. Bada indhlu le. Buwa ij^umba iyoye. 

What shall I do ? 'Si ya gu enza ni na ? Nix) o ita ni — or, 

Nni NO no ita sei ? 
I have finished the Se fii qedile umse- Nda pedza murimo 

work you gave me benzi o fii tume wa ndi tuma. 

to do. wona. 



( 414 ) 



RNOLISH. TEBKl.K. 

My work is finisheJ. Gu pelile umsebenzi 

wami. 
Long ago I did it. Kade fii enzile. 

What are you doing ? U enzani na ? 



I am doing nothing. 
Who did this ? 

I did it. 

You have done well. 

You did it on pur- 
pose. 
You have done badlj^ 
Work away. 
Do it quickly. 
Do it at once. 
Do it like that. 
Do not do that. 
Make a heap (of it). 

Pour it down in one 

place. 
I am tired. 
Go and eat. 
Why do you still 

sit? 
You are lazy. 
Let them die who 

will not work. 
You have done 

wrong. 
What wrong have I "Si onani na ? 

done? 
You have spoilt my 

knife. 
Where is it ? 



A ni enzi iluto. 
Yena o enzile logu 

fiubani ? 
Imi e fii enzileyo. 
U enzile (gahle). 

U enzile fiabomu. 

. U enzile kabi. 
Enzani fiamandhla. 
Enza masinyane. 
Enza katesi. 
Enza njalo. 
Musa ugu enza logu. 
Enza inqumbi. 

Tela pansi endawo- 
- nye. 
Ni diniwe. 
Hambani li dhle. 
Li sa hlaleleni na ? 

Li iiamavila. 

Aba na tandi ugu 

sebenza, a ba fe. 
U onile. 



U onele inqamu 

yami. 
Gu napi ? 



It is on this side (of Gu iianenu. 

you). 
It is beyond. Gu pambili. 

It is in front of you. Gu pambi gwako. 



8HUNA. 
MSHINGO WANGU WA 

PERA. 
TjlNOA NDA ITA— 07', 
NdA ITA KARE. 
U NO ITA NI ?— or, 
U NO ITA SEI ? 
A NDI ITE TJINII. 
IyE WA ITA IKOKU 

NDIYANE? 
NdIMI NDA ITA. 
Wa ITA ZWAKA NAKA 

— 07', Wa ZWITA. 
Wa ITA NOMNWAZA. 

Wa ITA ZWA KA IPA. 

Itani namasimda. 
Ita gwazo. 
Ita nglbenu. 
Ita kakarb. 

ReGA gu ita IKOKU. 

Ita inutu — or, 

Ita mogwi. 

DlRA pasi panu pa- 

MNWE. 

Nda riyara. 
Indani mu ndo dya. 
mu tja ka garireni ? 

Mu RI MASIMBE. 

Ba SI NGA Dl GU SHIN- 

GA, A BA FE. 
Wa TJINYA. 

Nda tjinyei— or, 
Nda isai. 

Wa TJINYA PANGU 
TJANGU. 

Gu RI PI?— or, 
Ndo gu pi ? 

Gu Rl NGENU ? — or, 
TjI RI KUNO. 
TjI RI PAMBERI. 
Gu RI MBERI GU NE- 
WE. 



( 415 ) 



It is on (your) left. Gu sekohlo. 
It is on (your) right. Gu sogunene. 
How many days have Insuku zako zi- 

you worked? ngake ? 

I have been ten Inyana zami zi li- 

month.s. tjumi. 

Here's your pay ! Nansi intuso yako ! 
It is too little; give Gu lutwana, engeze- 

me more. lela. 

This is the blanket lyo ingubo yenyafia, 

for the month, this ilo ilembu lesi- 

the calico for the hlepu. 

part of the month. 
They earn £5 per Bona ba zuza ama- 

month. pondo mahlanu 

fienyana. 
What are those people Abantu labo ba ya 

doing ? enzani ? 

They are only sit- Ba hlezi nje. 

ting. 
They are warming Ba ya ota umlilo. 

themselves by the 

fire. 



8HDNA. 
GlT RI MOHWE. 
Gu RI RUDHLI. 
Mahuba AWO MANOA- 

NA? 
Mnwedzi YANGU I 

GUMI. 

Eyi inumbi! 

TjI 8HOMANANA, WE- 
DZERERA. 

Ndiyo ingubo YOMN- 

WEDZI, NDILO IJIRA 
LETJIPEMU. 

I BO BA NO WAN A MA- 
POXDE MASHANU 

NOMNWEDZI. 

IbOBA BANU BA NO 
ITA NI. 

Ba GERE KOOA. 

Ba no dziya moto. 



SECTION 4. 
OF BUYING. 



Buy, whiteman! 

I want to sell. 

What have you 
brought ? 

I have an ox. 

Has the ox been in- 
oculated ? 

It was sick last year. 

Here is my cow. 
Here is my heifer. 
Your sheep is old. 



TKIJKLK. 

Tenisa mlungu ! 
I^'i ya tenisa. 
U peteni? 

f(i ^eta inkabi. 
Ya 1 cajwa na? 



Ndo shambadza. 
U no batei ? 

Ndi no data nzombe. 
Ya ka I temiwa? 



Ya i gula enya- Ya ka i gwara ma- 

genye. kbi. 

Nansi insikazi yami. Eye imou yanou. 
Nansi itokazi lami. Eui itsiru ramju. 
Imvii yako indala. Imwai yako ya ka 
smakara. 



( 416 ) 



ENGLISH. 




TEBELE. 


SHUNA. 


See how fat it 


is! 


A gu bone ugunona 


L Tjuo bona gukora 






gwayo! 


GWAYO ! 


I bring a young goal 


;. Ni pete izinyane 


) Nda ka bata mbud- 






lembuzi. 


ZANA. 


KaflSr corn. 




Amabele. 


ZwiYO— or, 
Mapfunde. 


Rice. 




Impunga. 


Mpunga. 


Mealies. 




Umumbu. 


Tjibakwe. 


Shell off your 


mea- 


- Hulula umumbu Konyora tjibakwe 


lies. 




wake. 


TJAKO. 


I do not buy 


ripe 


! A ni teni umumbu A nda no ndi tenga 


mealies on 


the 


1 vutiweyo u na 


{Fut.) TJIBAKWE 


cob! 




hululwana. 


TJA KA IBVA A TJI 
SANU TJA TONYO- 
NGOGWA. 


Are they soft ? 




U butagataga na ? 


Tjl NO nyoroba ? 


Pumpkins. 




Amatana. 


Madanga. 


Vegetable marrows. 


Amakomane. 


Mapudza. 


Sweet reed. 




Imfe. 


Imhe. 


Ground nuts. 




Amazambane. 


Nzunzu. 


Round beans. 




Indhlubu. 


Nyimo. 


Field beans. 




Indumba. 


Nyemba. 


Fowls. 




Inkuku. 


Ihuku. 


Eggs. 




Amaqanda. 


Mazai. 


Baskets. 




Iziia. 

Izikoko, or Inya- 


Mahwanda. 


Skins. 




Maganda, or Muka. 






mazana. 




Tobacco. 




Igwai. 


Fodya. 


Are the eggs fresh ? 


Amaqanda amatja 


Mazai a tji matsa ? 



na? 
Are there chickens A labantwana na ? A ne bana ? 

inside ? 
No ; there are none. Atji ! ka a labo. A a nabo ! 
Is this tobacco from Leli gwai eli ka Iyefodya ybNyoga? 

Unyoga's? Nyoga na? 

This loaf is bad ; it Lesi isinkwa sibi, si Itje tjitjamha tja 

stinks. ya nuga. ka ipa, tji no 

NUHWA. 

What sort of skin ? Inyamazanabanina? Muka i ndiyane ? 
To whom does the Inkomo i ka bani Inombe yandiyane ? 

ox belong ? na ? 

It is my father's. Ika baba. Ndi ya dade 

These pumpkins are Amatana la a mabi. Madanga a ka ipa. 

bad. 



^ 417 ) 



ENGLISH. TKBELK. 8HUNA. 

Whose are these Ainazambane a ka Nzunzu dza ndi- 
groundnuts? bani? yane? 

The sweet reed is not Iinfe ka i ka vutwa. Ibhe a i anu ya ibva. 
yet ripe. 

Is the corn new ? Amabele amatja na? 

Is it this year's Amabele a lonyaga 
corn ? na ? 



It is com from the 
liole. 

It is weevil eaten. 

What sort of person 
are you to bring 
such com for sale ? 



Get away ! 
thrash j'ou. 



I'll 



Amabele 

ndi. 
A pehliwe. 
Umuntii u njani 

wena, u tenisa 

amabele a mabi a 

ngaka? 
Suga, fit ya gu gu 

tjaya. 



ZWIYO ZWITSA? 

ZWIYO NDI ZWA NAOA 
NA?— Or,MAPFUNDB 
A GORE IRIRE NA ? 

a womli- Zwiyo zwembu. 



If I had mealies 1 Bana be ni lawo 



would sell them to 
this white man. 

Let me see it. 

What do you want ? 
I want calico. 



umumbu, be iii ya 

gu m tenela lomlu- 

ngu. 
A ge ni bone— or, 

Leta, fti bone. 
U dina ni ? 
"^i diiia ilembu. 



What sort of calico ? Ilembu eli njani? 
White calico. Ilembu elimhlope. 

Strong calico. Ilembu eliqata. 

Red calico. Elibomvu. 



Blue calico. 
Striped calico. 

Guinea-fowl calico. 

Spotted calico. 

Coloured calico. 
I want beads. 



Elimnyama. 
Elilamhlwazi. 

Elilitendele. 

Elilesilimela. 

Elilamabala. 

Ni difia ubuhlalu. 



ZWA KA PFUSIWA. 

U RI (Mr)NU WA KA 
TE TJINI, U NO TEN- 
GISA NEZWIYO ZWA 
KA IPA ZWINGAPA? 

Ibva, ndo gu roba— 

or, TiZA, NDI NO GU 
ROBA. 
NJENE NDA NDI NAT JO 
TJIBAKWE, NDA RI 
WOTEXGERA IYEYU 
MLUNGU. 

A Ti JO BONA— or, 

BUZA, NDI BONE. 
U NO TSAGEI ? 

Ndi no tsaga mtje- 
GA — o?', Ndi no 

HAKA JIUA. 
J IRA LA KA TE TJINI ? 

Mtjega MTJENA. 
Mtjega GOBVU. 
Mtjega mshaba 

MTSUKU. 

Mtjega mdema. 
Mtjec;a mk.sma.n«.a 

NVOGA. 

Mtjega wrhanga u 

N A M A X V EU KK I-rTB. 
MTJECiA WBNVE- 
NVEDZI. 

Mtjega .mabarabara 
Ndi no tsaoa tjuma. 

B B 



( 418 ) 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. SHUNA. 

What sort of beads? Ubuhlalu obunjani? Tjuma tja ka te 

TJINI ? 

I want white beads. "Si difia ubuhlalu Ndi no tsaga tjuma 

obumhlope. tjitjena. 

Chalk beads. Ubuhlalu itambo. 

Large beads. {^^^ "^-j T,uma T,.a0Bvc. 

Red white-eye beads. Ubuhlalu obumgazi. Tjuma tjongazi. 
White, with red Malimaduna. Tjuma tji marima- 

stripes. duna. 

White, with blue Intotoviyane. Tjuma tji totovi- 



stripes. 




YANE. 


Blue beads (lilac). 


Ubuhlalu bujuba— 
or, Ijuba. 


• Tjuma tjiba. 


Clear red beads. 


Ubuhlalu obu tw 
mlilo. 


L Tjuma tjimoto. 


Green beads. 


Ibuma. 


Tjuma ibuma. 


Pink beads. 


Inkiwane. 


Tjuma inkiwane. 


Big round beads. 


Amanxonxo. 


Tjuma mabhe. 


A gun. 


Umpobo. 
Umnlohlo. 


Ipfute. 


Breech loader. 


Ipfupete,— or 






Mfunyugwa. 


Powder. 


Ubuhluiiu. 


Bung A. 


Bag of powder. 


Isijumba. 


Tjijumba. 


Tin of powder. 


Isixina sobuhlufiu Tjitepa tjo bung a— 




—or, Ikankili. 


or, Igarafa yobux- 


Charge of powder. 


Igavu. 


GA. 

Ikaragb yobunga. 


Ammunition. 


Iziposo. 
Umkamu. 




Lead. 


Mtobvu. 


Bullets. 


Inhlamvu. 


Mabara. 


Tin of caps. 


Umfugo wenkohlo. 




Shot. 


Izifefe. 




A blanket. 


Ingubo. 


Ngubo. 


A blanket, coloured. 


, Isantuba,Tie — o/-, 


Irambagusona. 


hairy. 


Ikombese. 




Lighter kindjStriped. Umposwa. 


Mposwa. 


White cotton blanket. Insedhlu— or, Ibai. 


IsHEZHU— or, Itsoro. 


Calico sheet. 


Ingubo yempi— or, 
Ingubo yelembu. 


Ngubo yomtjega. 






Strip of calico. 


Iqele. 
Uqoto. 


Ndaza. 


Length of calico. 




Square of calico. 


Idukwe— or, Isibipi 


. Tjitore — or, 



Tjipeperere. 



( 419 ) 



EKQLISH. 


TEBELE. 


8HUNA. 


Clothes. 


Iziqogo. 

Ibatje. 

Nolebatje. 


Ihanzu. 


Coat. 




Waistcoat. 




Trousers. 


Ibulukwe. 




Shirt. 


Ihembe. 




Hat. 


Ineuane. 
Izikopelo. 




Buttons. 




Brass buttons. 


Amantiya. 




A knife. 


Inqamu. 


Tjipanga. 


A pipe. 


Ingiti. 


Tjinana. 


Tinder box. 


Umlilo— or, Umfugo 
womlilo. 


MOTO. 


Brass wire. 


Amasofio a bomvu. 


MiKOKONI MISHABA. 


Iron wire. 


Amaso&o amhlope. 


MiKOKONI MITJENA. 



I do not want this. A fii g^a tandi logn. A ndi to gu da ikoko 

— or, A NDI DI IKOKO. 

Leli ilembu 11 pinda Mtjega uyu u no 
kangake. pomba kangana. 



How many times 
does this calico go 
round the waist. 

It does not meet. 



There are no ends. 
It is too small. 
Give me another 

bunch of beads. 
I am not satisfied. 



Ea 11 hlananl 

Ka 11 bopl. 
Ea 11 lamagebe. 
Li ncinyane. 
^1 begela ellnye 

ihlugnzo. 
A nl kolwa. 



You have " done " U fil dhllle. 



me. 
It is finished. 
Give me a pair of 

scissors. 
No! I do not give 

presents. 
Ton are stingy. 
I have not got that. 
These clothes are old, 

(or worn). 
Untie the sack and 

pour the beans into 

my basket. 



u pelile. 

1 tusa Islkele. 

Atji! A fil 

abantu. 
U ya ncltjana. 
A fil lake. 
Lezi iziqogo zi gn 

gile 



or, A LI TO SUNGA— or, 
A U 8UNGI. 

u dukwanb. 

Ndi bigire rimnwe 

IHLUGUZO. 

A NDI tbndb— or, A 

NDI KOOWA. 
Wa NDI DYA. 

GWA PERA. 

Ndi pe isikblb. 



tusl Gwete! a ndi pe 

BANU. 
U NO NYIMANA. 
A NDI NA KO. 
Idzodzb IIANZU DZA 

8HAKARA. 



Tugnlnlaumgodhla, Sunu5Jgura ihomo, u 
n tele Indumba dirbxyembadzako 
esljeni saml. muiiwanda ranou. 



( 420 ) 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. SHUNA. 

Pour it down. Tulula pansi. Durura pasi. 

Go home and come Hamba, u buye gu- Enda u dzoge ma- 
again to-morrow gasa, ilafla li lapa ngwana zhuba ri 
when the sun is (pointing). Ri pa (pointing), 

there (pointing). 

Please put my things Agu iii begela izinto Tjijo ndi bigira zwi- 
awaj' for me, I am zami, fii ya dhlula. nu zwangu ndi tja 
going further on. pinda. 

Please mend my gun A gu fii lufiisela Tjijo ndi natsidzira 
for me. ^ umpobo wami. ipfuti yangu. 

I have brought my N"! letile umpobo Nda buza ipfuti 
gun ; if you will wami, nxa u lufi- yangu, guti wa i 
mend it 1 will give isile, ni za gu gu natsidza, ndo gu 
you this sheep. nigelaizinyaiiele. pa mbudzana iyo- 

YB. 

I do not know how A ni gu azi. A ndi (gu) zibi. 

to. 
The man who knows Umuntu o gwaziyo Munu u no gu ziba, 

{i.e. mends guns) u hlezi lapaya. u gere ikoko— (or, 

lives over there. panu paya). 

Here are your things, Nanzi izinto zako, Ezo zwinu zwizo, 

give me my cow. iiipeinkomoyami. ndi pe inombe 

yangu. 
It is ten days ago Se gu izinsuku zi A ba mazhuba igu- 

since you took litjumi u zi teiiile mi wa zwi teJJga 

these things. lezi izinto. izwozwi zwinu. 

I never give back a A ni ze gu buyisela A ndi ti nda dzogi- 

thing once bought, into i teniweyo. sera zwinu zwa 

tbngewa. 
The beast was not Inkomo a i be fio- Inombe a i bi yangu. 

mine. gwami. 

The owner is not Umnini iyo ka a Mwene \vayo a to 

satisfied, kolwa. da. 

That is your busi- Umlandu wako. Inamu iyo i yoyo— or, 

ness. In AM I' yako. 



( 421 ) 

SECTION 5. 
OF THE HOUSE, COOKING, ETC'. 

BNOLISH. TEBELE. 8HUNA. 

Sweep the house and Tanyela indiilu u Tswaira imwa u 

smear with dung sinde lobulonwe dzire nedobe yo- 

onlJ^ bodwa. ga. 

Smear lightl3^ • Sinda kancinvane. Dzira kadukwana. 
Get antheap and Tata isiduli lohulo- Tora tjuru nedobe 

dung together. nwe u hlananise. u shanganise. 

Do not smudge the Li na bo gn ona ogu Mu si poromqli gu- 

whitewash. mhlope. tjena. 

Sweep outside also. Tanyela njalo fia- Tswaira kakare qu- 

pandhle. zhe. 

Scrape up the rubbish Kncula izibi u zi Para mar ara u pise. 

and burn it. tiise. 

Put the rubbish Tela izibi katjana. Djra marara kurb. 

down far away. 
Do not put it just in Mnsa ugu tela esa- Rega u si dire pa 

the gateway. nweni. misubo. 

Sweep nicely and Tanyela gahle andu- Tswaira zwa ka na- 

then spread my bana u andhlale ka ndiko u ware 

bed. icansi lami. bonde rangu. 

Spread my blankets Caya ingubo zami. Niga ngubo dzangu. 

to air. 
Wash these clothes Kezisaamalembula. Ngudza majira iwo- 

(calico). WA. 

Wring the clothes Kama iziqoqo o zi Swina hanzu izwa 

you have washed kezileyo, u caye ngudza, u nige pa 

and hang them in elafieni zi ome. zhuba zi omb. 

the sunshine to 

dry. 
This calico is wet. Leli lembulimanzi. Mtjega eyu mu- 

NYORO. 

Make some coffee Fega ikofe egruseni Big a ikofb mangwa- 
early every morn- insuku zonKe, u nana mazhuba osb 
ing and bring me fii natise. u ndi MiJwiSE. 

some. 

Get me some water, ^i telela amanzi fii Ndi dirira mvuba, 
I want to wash. yo geza. ndi no o noura. 

Clean the boots. Esula amanyatelo. Bushiga haSgu. 

There is no water. Amanzi ka a ko. Mvura a i mo— or, a 

RI PO. 



( 422 ) 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. SHUNA. 

Gk> and fetch some. Hamba yoka amanzi.ENDA u tjere m vura . 
Pour the water off Cefia amanzi uguba Mimina vura guba i 

that it may be a be mahle. be mbuyana. 

clear. 
Pour out the hot Tela amanzi a tji- Dira vura i no pisa. 

water. sayo. 

The water is hot Amanzi a ya bila Vura i no bira ngu- 

now. katesi. benu. 

Fill both vessels. Cwalisa izija zom- Zharisa dzidya 

bili. dzose. 

Wash these vessels. Hlanzisa izija lezi. ;S^gudza dzidya i- 

DZODZB. 

Wipe them well. Zi esula guhle. Bushiga zibuyana. 

Do not carry fire ; Yegela ugu pata Rega gu bata moto, 

you will burn the umlilo, u za gu u no o pisa musha. 

place down. tjisa umuzi. 

Gather some fire- Teza inkuni. Tsaga huni. 

wood. 
Chop some firewood. Banda inkuni. Pazura huni. 

Bring that pot. Lata imbiza leyo. Buza ihari iyo. 

The pot is boiling ; Imbiza i si bila Hari a bira, buya u 

come and cook. woza u pege. bige. 

Put it in the pot. Faga embizeni. Is a m(u) hari. 

Make haste and cook. Peganini masinyane.TjiMBiDZANi gu biga. 
Remove that pot Opula imbiza leyo Bur a hari, inyama i 

from the fire, the (emlilweni) in- no tswa. 

meat is burning. yama i ya tjela. 
What is this in the Gu ini logu ogu Tjini itjotjb tji ri 

pot. sembizeni. mu hari. 

Slaughter a sheep, Hlaba imvu, u i Baya hwai u i viye, 

skin it, and stretch hlinze u betele isi- u ndo komera 

out the skin. koko sayo. iganda rayo. 

Chop off the ribs of Hlahlela imbambo Tema mbabvu dzb- 

the sheep, and cook zemvu, u zi pege hwai, u bige zwa 

them nicely. ^ gahle. ka naka. 

Roast me some meat. Ni osela inyama. Ndi g otjera inya- 
ma. 
The meat is not yet Ka i ka vutwa in- A yanu (=i anu) ya 

cooked. yama. ibva inyama. 

It is done (cooked). Gu vutiwe. Dza ibva. 

Put a little salt in Tela itjwai enya- Dira munyu mu nya- 

the meat. meni, li be lu- ma u be shomana. 

twana. 



( 423 ) 



The meat is <;:one 

bad. 
When you come 

back from the 

river, cook for the 

dogs. 
Knead the bi*ead. 
They are making 

butter. 
Skim the cream. 
Put it down. 
Put it there. 
Pour (it) altogether 

(ar, into one place). 
Carrj' it carefully, 

you will break (it). 
Take this skin and 

prepare it for me 

nicely. 
Give me to drink. 
It smells nice. 

I do not like other 
boys sitting at our 
fire. 



TEBELE. 

Inyama i bolile. 

Nxa u buy ay em- 
fnleni, u bo 
pegele izinja. 

Cuba isinkwa. 

Ba ya pehla ama- 

CODO. 

Ongfula ulaza. 
Bega pansi. 
Bega lapo. 
Tela endawonye. 

Pata eahle, u za gn 

apula. 
Tata isikoko lesi, u 

ni tjugele gahle. 

^i natisa. 

6u (ya) nuga mna- 
ndi. 

A iii tandi abanye 
abafana ba hlale 
emlilweni wetu. 



SHUNA. 

Inyama ya bora. 

GUTI WA buya gu 
KWIZI, U DZI BiaiRB 
IMHA. 

Kanya tjamha. 

Ba no PUSHIGA MAFU- 

TA. 
GUBUNURA RUBOMBO. 
BiGA PASI. 
ISA PAPO. 
DiRA PANU PAMNW^ 

Bada ZWA KA NAKA, 

U NO O VUNA. 
Tor A GUGUTA IRORI, 

r NDI SUGIRE ZIBU- 

YANE. 

Ndi mSwisa. 

ZWI NO NUHWA ZWA 
KA NAKA. 

A NDI TO DI BAMffWB 
BARISANA, BA GITIB 
MU MOTA WEDU. 



SECTION 6. 
OF THE BODY AND SICKNESS. 



BKOLISH. TKItRI.K. SHUNA. 

I am in trouble, sir ! ^i dubegile mnali ! Nda tambudziga 

MNALI ! 

What is wrong with U dujwa ini ? U no tambudziwei ? 

you? 
I am sick. Ni ya gula. Ndi no owara. 

I feel weak to-<lay. Lamuhla umzimba Nasi mbiri wanoit 

wami u butaga- minyoronyoro. 

taga. 



( 424 ) 



KNGLI8H. TEBELE. 


SUUNA. 


I beg some medicine, ^i ya kulega umuti.NDi nokumbira muti 




— 0/', Ndi no nama- 




TA UNTI. 


My children are sick. Ni gulelwa iiabant- 


Ndi no gwarigwa 


wana. 


NABANA. 


I ask for (medicine) Ki ya m celela um- 


NdI no M KUMBIRIKA 


for my wife. fazi wami. 


>IKADZI WANGU. 


She is " sick unto U ya gula, ii pelile. 


U NO GWARA WA 


death." 


PER A. 


She is dead. U file. 


Wa fa. 


Is she buried ? U lahliwe na ? 


Wa rashiwa? 


No ! (but) she is very Atji ! u ya gula 


GWETE ! U NO GWARA 


sick. sibili. 


GWAZO. 


What has made you U cagiswa ini ? 


Wa ka kondisiwa 


(so) thin ? 


NENI? 


What is the matter U bulawa ini na ? 


U NO GWADZIWA 


with you? 


NENI? — or, IT NG 




GWARA NEI? 


A person has both Umuntu wa apnga 


MUNU WA KA VUNIGA 


(his) feet broken. ^ inyawo zombili. 
The "spirits" have Ni bnlawa iiama- 


MAGUMBO MABIRI. 


NdI BUR AIWA MI- 


made me sick. ^ dhlozi. 


DZIMO. 


I am ill in the sto- Ni bulawa isisu — 


Ndi (no) BURAIWA 


mach. or, S'i lesisu. 


NOMTUMBU — or, NdI 




NOMTUMBU. 


List of some Diseases. 


ENGLISH. TEBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Small pox. Isikwalipane. 


Inumba, Inombana- 




Tjikwangwa. 


Measles. Isimufiumuiiwana. 


Indinindi. 


Leprosy. Isidiliga. 




„ varieties of Amapeli. Amafusi. 
Syphilis. ) < Isijoli. 
Gonorrhoea. J ( Injovele. 
Sores— skin disease Izilonda. 








Maronda. 


or simple sores. 




Scabies (itch). Impuza. 
Fever (or chill). Umkuhlane. 


Imezi. 


BUGWERE. 


Diarrhoea. Umtjego. 


Mpazhu. 


Dysentery. Huda igazi. 




Epilepsy. Tsitutwana. 





( 425 ) 



ENGLISH. TBBl 

Giddiness. Isiyezi. 

Intestinal woims. Izilo. 
Cou^'h. Upepa. 

A disease of the In-gupane. 
rectum. 



8HUNA. 
TjIJIRIMA. 
DZIPUGA. 

Ikoshoro. 



I cough and do not 

rest. 
I do not sleep. 
I do not now know 

it (sleep). 
I vomit. 
I bleed at the mouth. 

I have diarrhoea. 

I am constipated. 

My child is burnt. 

He is at home, he 

cannot (come). 
I have an abscess. 
It throbs. 

I have the toothache. 
I have a headache. 

Does the medicine 
do you any good ? 
Are you better? 



^i ya kwehlela a &i Ndi no kosha a ndi 

tuli. NYARARA, 

A fii lali ubutofio. A ndi rari hope. 
A ni sa ba azi. A ndi tja dzi dzibi. 



I 



i ya hlanza. 

i opa igazi emlon- 

yeni. 
Ni ya huda— o/\ Ni 

yatje^a, 
Ni banjiwe, ^ fti 

pumeli — oi\ Ni qi- 

nelwe, a ni pumeli, 
Umtanami u tjile. 

U sekaya. ii ya 
„ ahlnlega. 
Ni loduma. 
Lu ya futa. 
Lu ya qaqamba. 
Ji bulawa izinyo. 
Ni kwelwa ikanda. 

Umuti u ya ngena 

na? 
U ya gnla njefiogu- 

qala na ? 



How are you to-day? TJ njani lamuhla 

g^we? 
Are you well ? U sa hamba na ? 

Yes! I am well. Ye ! fti sa hamba, 

How can I be well ? ! ^i hamba pi ? 

( = 1 am not well). 
I am pretty well. 



He hung himself. 



Ni ya hamba kanci- 

nyane. 
Wa zibopela. 



Ndi no fpa. 

Ndi no bva maropa 

PAMROMO. 

Ndi no pazha. 

Ndi manigwa a ndi 
endi gu nzhe. 

MfJWANANGU WA 

TSWA. 
U Rl GUMUSHA U NO 

KWONECiWA. 

Ndi nembonje. 

i no pfuta. 

i no paruga. 

Ndi nezino. 

Ndi no gwara nom- 

SORO. 

Unti u no njina ? 
u tja gwara so gu 

TANG A? (so GU = SB 
UGU). . 

Wa tetjini nasi? 

u tja gwenda ? 
Eva ! ndi tja gwbn- 

da. 
Ndi GWENDA pi ? 

NdO GWENDA KADU- 
KWANA. 

Wa ka zwisufioiRA. 



( 426 ) 



List of the 


more imjyortant Parts of t?ie Body. 


ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


8HUNA. 


Body. 


Umzimba. 


Mbiri. 


Head. 


Ikanda. 


MSORO. 


Crown of head. 


Inkanda. 




Hair on head. 


Unwele. 


Mavudzi. 


Hair on body. 


Uboya. 


BUKUSI. 


Beard, whiskers. 


Indevu. 


Ndebvu. 


Ear. 


Indhlebe. 


NZEBE. 


Eye. 


Ilihlo (2)1. amehlo). 


Ziso ipl. Meso). 


Nose. 


Impmnulo. 


MiNO. 


Forehead. 
Countenance. 


Ubuso. 


Imazha. 


Mouth. 


Umlomo. 


Mromo. 


Tooth. 


Izinyo (pi. ama- 

zinyo). 
Izinsini. 


. ZiNO ipl. Meno). 


Gums. 


Masini. 




Inyama yamazinyo 




Tongue. 


Ulimi. 


* RURIMI. 


Neck. 


Intamo. 


MUTSIPA. 


Nape of neck. 


TJmsundulo. 


Mtjira. 


Back of body. 


Umhlandhla. 


MSANA. 


Spine. 


Umgogodhla. 


MSHONGOSHONGO. 
MZONGOSA. 


Breast (female). 


Ibele. 


IZAMU. 


Chest. 


Isifuba. 


Tjifuba. 


Armpit. 


Ikwapa. 


Iabha. 


Shoulder, top of. 


Ihlombe. 


Ipfudzi. 


„ and arm. 


Umkono. 




Arm. 


Ingalo. 


RUBOKO. 


Forearm. 


Ugalu. 
Idololwane. 


RUBOKO. 


Elbow. 


Igogora. 


Hand. 


Isandhla. 


RUBOKO. 


Finger. 


XJmunwe. 


MufJwE. 


Thumb. 


Isitupa. 


Tjikukurare. 


Nail. 


Uzipo. 


RUNZARA. 


Throat. ) 
Windpipe. ] 


Umpimbo. 


Ikurokuro. 


Larynx. 


Iqoqoqo. 


Ikurokuro. 


Lung. 
Heart. 


Ipapu. 
Inhliziyo. 


Bapu. 

MOYO. 


Rib. 


Ubambo. 


Mbabvu. 


Liver. 


Isibindi. 


Tjiropa. 



( 427 ) 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


SHUNA. 


Gall bladder. 


Inyono. 




Stomach. 


Isisn. 


Mtu^bu. 


Navel, 


Inkaba. 


Iguvu. 


Bowels. 


Amatumbu. 


Mabura. 


Waist (and hip). 


Ukalo. 


Tjibunu. 


Hip-joint. 


Inqulu. 




Bladder. 


Isinye. 




Buttocks. 


Isibunu. 


Mapato. 


Legs. 


Imilenzi. 


Tjidzwa. 


Knee. 


Idolo. 


Ibvi. 


Foot. 


Unvawo. 
Isihlagala. 


Igumbo. 


Ankle. 


Igogora. 




Iqagala. 


Tjitsimu. 


Heel. 


Isitende. 


Tjitsino. 


Toe. 


Izwane. 


TjikuSwe. 



SECTION 7. 
OF TIMES AND SEASONS. 



ENGLISH. 

Has the moon 

changed ? 

No, it has not yet 
changed. 

When will it change? 

When will it die ? 

It changed yester- 
day. 

It is dark (i.e. not 
visible) to-day. 

It is still there (i.e. 
still visible). 

I saw it there 
(pointing) this 
morning (i.e. just 
before the sun 
rose). 

Cry with which the 
new moon is 
greeted. 



TEBELE. 

Inyana i twasile 

na? 
Atji, ka i ka twasi. 

I ya gu twasa nini ? 
I ya gu fa nini ? 
Ya twasa izolo. 

Lamuhla imnyama. 

I sa hlezi, i kona. 

fla i bona lapa— 
eguseni. 



IkoUwe!" 



SHUNA. 
MWEDZI WA GARA ? 

GWETE, A U ANIT WA 

GARA. 
U NO O GARA RINI ? 
U NO O FA RINI ? 
Wa GARA ZHVRO. 

Nasi u ri dema. 

u tji gere, u tji po. 

Nda u bona papa— 
mangwanana. 



( 42S ) 



EN&LISH. TEBELB. 8HUNA. 

It is waxing. I ya kula. U no kura. 

It is waning. I ya selwa. U no jigwa. 

It is full moon to- Lamuhla i dilifiene. Nasi u nomtjena 
day. MKURU. 

It is very warm out- Qtn kudumele fiapa- Gu no jiya nasi. 

side. ndhle. 

This close weather Lesi isikudumezi si Gu jiya gwa ndi 

takes the life out ya iii bulala. buraya. 

of me. 
It is cold. Gu makaza. Gu no pota. 

There is frost. Gu leligwa. Gu nembaba. 

The sun is hot to- liana li ya tjisa la- Zhuba ri no pisa 

day. muhla— or, Ilafia nasi-— or, Zhuba ri 

li balele lamuhla. no jiya nasi. 
Wliat sort of weather Amayezi lea njani? Makore a ka tb 

is this ? TJINI IWOWA ? 

(It is) only cold. Amakaza odwa. Mbaba yoga — or, 

Tjando tjoga. 
There are no clouds. A gu lamayezi. A gu namakore. 

It has cleared off. Se ffu sile. Gwa dza (or ja). 

Is it going to rain ? Izulu li kona na ? Mvura i ri po ? 
No ! there is no rain. Atji, ka li ko. Gwete ! a i po. 

The clouds are Amayezi a ya pehla Makore a no siga 

gathering for rain, izulu. vura. 

It will rain in the Li za gu na entam- I no na madekwe. 

afternoon. bama. 

Has it rained at your Li nile ekaya gini Ya na ganye gwen- 

place? na? .yu? 

It has. La na. Ya na. 

It rained hard, the La na kakulu la Ya na gwazo-gwazo, 

water ran along. keleza. ya erera. 

No ! it only drizEled. Atji, la kiza nje. Ai ! ya nyanyaidza. 
It thundered and Izulu la duma la na Vura ya tinira ya 

rained heavily. kakulu. na gwazo-gwazo. 

It rained tremen- La na kakulu sibili, Ya na gwazo-gwazo, 

dously, we could umvimbi. ya ka ita mivum- 

not go out. Bi. 

He was born this Wa zalwa lonyaga. Wa ka zwargwa 

year. kore rire. 

She was born last Wa zalwa enya- Wa ka zwargwa 
year. genye. makenye — or^ 

Wa ka zwargwa 
makore rimnwb. 



( 429 ) 



ENOLISII, TKHKI-H. SHUMA. 

I will go the year iJi za gu ya oninya- Ndo o enda makb- 
after next. ga munye. nyula. 

I will go at the turn ffi za gu ya gwe- Ndo o enda ouoara 
of the year. twasa gwom- gwekorb. 

nyaga. 

I will go this present Ki za gu ya iia le Ndo o enda no uno 
month. inyafia i pezulu. mwedzi u ri zhe- 

ZHUGWI. 

I saw him yesterday. Na m bona izolo. Nda ka m bona ne- 

ZHURO. 

I saw him last month, ^a m bona na leyo Nda m bona nb ho- 
inyatla i fileyo. huya mwedzi wa 

KA FA. 

I saw him four ^a m bona se gu Nda ka m bona 

months ago. ^ izinyaiia ezi ne. mwedzi ya be mina, 

I am going next Ni za gn ya fie za 

month. gu twasa inyafia. 

He was born the Wa zalwa fia lo- Wa ka zwargwa 

year the impi went wana umnyaga nehohuya igorb 

to Tjibi. impi i ye gwo hondo enda ka 

Tjibi. Tjibi. 

He was bom in the Wa zalwa ehlobo. Wa ka zw^argwa 

summer. zhizha. 

He is dead {lit. "he is Wa ya gwabanefii. Wa ka enda gu ban- 

^ne over to the zni. 

majority "). 
He died long ago. Kade wa fa. Wa ka fa tjinga (or 

NTORO). 

He died (last) winter. Wa fa ebusiga. Wa ka fa tjirimo. 

He died (last) au- Wa fa egwindhla. Wa ka fa mapebhb. 

tumn. 
He died when we Wa fa se gu vunwa Wa ka fa zwa tji- 

rea|)ed the year amabele enyaga gwa zwivo mage- 

bef ore last. munye (omnyaga nyula. 

munye). 
He died when tlie Wa fa amabele a se Wa ka fa zwiyo zwi 

com was so high. ngaga. tji zingapa. 

He died when we Wa fa se gu linywa. Wa ka fa gu rimi- 

were digging. wa zwiyo. 

He died when the Wa fa se gu hlan- Wa ka fa zwa dza- 

com was sowed. yelwa. riwa zwiyo. 

He died when we Wa fa amabele e Wa ka fa zwa sha- 

weeded the com. hlagulwa. ougwa zwiyo. 



( 430 ) 



ENGLISH. TEnFI E 

ning to flowed *' w ta nemimba. 

He was here some Wa e kona se gu Wa ka hi po a b« 

^'^'^^- pa ne-or, Sa qeda i ka be aiina. 

mi^ .„ ^ _ myana za ba ne. 

They will stay two Ba ya gu hlala ama- 

fv^!'!,-*^"^ ^^ ^^ lanamabiliba(ya 

the third. gu) hamba na lo- 

TTTi, J.:., butatu. 

When did he arrive ? Wa figa nini na « 
ile wiU arrive now. U za gu figa katesi. 



They have just ar- 
rived. 



Banoogaramazuba 

MABIRI, BA NO (o) 
ENDA RE NATU (or, 

nere tatu). 
Wa ka swiga rini ? 

U NO O SWIGA ZWINU 
— or, U NO MBO 



•D , « SWIGA ZWINU. 

Ba sandu gu figa BAxjANGuswioA-or, 
jor, Nkona ba ya Ba tja mbo swiga 

rife°" before sun- Wa figa ilafta li fia Wa swiga huba . 

At sunrise. IlKpima. ZnuBTRfBUDr' 

Ear y; he cattle not E^neAj^^o zi uTZ^wTsTtio.^, 



yet out. 
Forenoon. 



Midday. 
Afternoon 



Late in 
noon. 
Sunset. 
The gloaminc: 
Night ^ 



fia ka pumi. dzi sanu dza buda. 

Eguseni emini. Masikati ya man- 

« . . GWANANA. 

Emmi. Masikati. 

JLmini yentambana. Masikati ya made- 

the after- Intambama. MaSwe. 



Li tjonile. 
Gusihlwa. 
Ubusuku. 



Ra bira. 
gwa swipa. 

BUSIKU. 



( 481 ) 



List of the Months {Moons) according to the Tebele Reckoning. 
Autumn. Ugrwindhla. 



Ulilolanja. 

Umpiinbito. 

Umabasa. 

Winter. ITbusiga. 
Inkwekwezi. 
Uhlanula. 
Intulikazi. 

Spring. Isilimo. 
Incwabakazi. 
Umpandula. 
Umfumfu. 

Summer. Ihlobo. 
Ulwezi. 
Indidazana. 

Uzibandhela. 
Umpalazana. 



Abundance of green food. 
Corn beginning to ripen. 
Cold : fires in huts. 



Com ripe. Pleiades and Orion not visible. 
Harvest moon ; trees bare. 
Threshing; windy. 

Beer moon. Early trees budding. 

Begin to dig. 

Digging. All trees budding. 

Weeding. 

King's moon ; introduced every third year 
for the purpose of rectifjdng the Calendar. 
Little dance held at end of this month. 
Great dance held at full moon. 



SECTION 8. 



ENOLI8B. 

I am here. 
I was there yester- 
day. 
I was not yet there. 

I was not there. 
You were here. 
He is here. 
He was here. 
He was then here. 
We were not here. 
Are you there ? 
He is not here. 



I^i kona. 

Be &i kona izolo. 

Be !ii fia ka bi ko. 

Be fii lie ko. 
Wa u kona. 
U kona. 
Wa e kona. 
Wa e se kona. 
Sa si fie ko. 
U Be kona na ? 
Kaako. 



8HUNA 

Ndi ri po. 
Nda ndi ri 

ZHURO. 

Nda ndi sanu 

BA PO. 

Nda ndi si po. 
Wa ka u ri po. 

U RI PC. 

Wa ka u ri PC. 
Wa ka a tji po 
Ta ka ti 81 po. 
U tji po ? 

A A PO. 



PO 1- 



NDA 



( 432 ) 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. SHUNA. 

Where is he?— or, U na pi na? U Ri pi ? 

where art thou ? 
(Once upon a time) Gwa gu kona. 

there was. ^r , v o 

Where are you U ya fiapi ? U n(o) enda pi .'' 

Wher^did you go ? Wa ya napi ? Wa ka enda pi ? 

Where do you come Li vela fiapi na? Mu no bva pi i 

from ? 

I am going home. Ni y(a) ekaya. Ndi no (ndo) enda 

GU MUSHA. 

I went there. Na ya kona. Nda ka enda ko. 

We come from there. Si vela kona. To (=ti no) bva ko. 

Let us go ! A si hambe — or, A ti ende. 

Hambani si hambe. 
Make haste, let us Pafiisani si hambe. Tjimbidzani a ti 

go I ende. 

Let them go ! A ba hambe. A ba ende. 

Where are you go- Gu hanjwa pi. GU: no endiwa pi? 

ing ? "^ 
He just hit me. Wa piga fiogu fii Wa ngo ndi roba ze. 

tiaya nje. 
I did not hit him. A ni m tjayana. A ndi sa m roba. 
Ha '.you deny it. you Au! u ya piga! u Au! u no nCxO dayo, 

did hit him. m tjayile. wa m roba. • 

Good day ! Sa gu bona ! Ta gu bona ! 

Sa li bonani (p?.) Ta mu bona (pZ.). 
Good bye ! (spoken Sala guhle ! Tsara zibuyana ! 

by the one going). Salani guhle ! {pl^) Tsarai zibuyana ! 

{pl-) 
Good bye ! (spoken Hamba guhle, or Enda zibuyana. En- 
by the one stay- Hambage. da zo. 

ing). Hambani guhle {pi.) Endai zibuyana {pL) 

When will you U za gu za nini ? U no o buya rini ? 

come ? ^ 

I ought to go to-day. Ni fanele ugu ham- Nda ndi ndo enda 

ba lamhla. nasi. 

I would have gone Be ni za gu hamba Nda ndi obnda nasi, 

to-day— or, I was lamuhla. —or, Nda ndi tji 

about to go to-day. ti ndo enda nasi. 

I was going to-day. Be ni hamba lamhla. Nda ndi enda nasi, 

but he came. kodwa wa figa koga ka {or, wa) 

yena. swiga iye. 



( 433 ) 



ENGLISH. 

I never went again. 

He began to go 

there. 
Why do you not go ? 



It is I only. 



TKBELK. 

A fii zafia fit sa 

kona. 
Wa aala wa 

(fia)tona. 
U hlalelani u 

hambi. 



Nimi nedwa — 

Imi nedwa. 
Si babili. 
Lo nowa iiapi? 



SHUNA. 
ya A NDI GO TI ZEKDA 
OKO. 

ya Wa ka tanga wa 

EX DA (0)K0. 

na Wa garireni u si 

ENDB — or, U NO 
GAREI U SINGA FAM- 
BI. 

ot\ Ndimi ndocia. 



There are two of us. 
Where does that 

(person) belong ? 
Where is he ? \ tt «« «; 7 
Where art thou? 1 Una pi? 
I have not seen him A ni m bonana. 

—or, I did not see 

him. 
I saw him over there. Na m bona lapaya. 



Go and see ! 
What do you see ? 
I do not see any- 
thing. 
You have good eyes. 
We can see far. 



U bona ni f 
A fii boni iluto. 

U lamehlo amade. 
Amebic etu a ya 
bona katjana. 



Tl RI BABIRI. 

Uyo ndi wepi? — or, 
Iyeyu ndi wapi ? 

Uri PI? 

A NDI NA OtJ M BONA 
— or, A NDI SA M 
BONA. 

Nda m bona PAYA 

{or, A RI KOKO). 

Enda u no o bona. 
TJ NO bone ni ? 
A ndi bone tjinu. 

A NDI NA si da bona. 

U NO meso marefu. 
Meso edit a no bona 

(ZI Rl) Kl^RE. 



How many children Abantwana bake 
have you ? ba ngake ? 

What size is your Umntwana wake u 

child ? neaga nani na ? 

(Natives know nothing of ago). 
So big ! (showing). U ngaga ! 
So small ! (showing). U nganana! 
He is like his father. U fana loyise. 

Where was he bom ? Wa zalelwa pi ? 
When were you Wa zalwa nini na ? 
born ? 



Bana bako (ba 

NGANA (or, BANGA- 
PANI) ? 
MiJWANA WAKO U 
NGAPA NI ? 

U NGAPA ! 
U NGAPANANA ! 
Wa ka FANA BABA 
(or, DADE). 

Wa k a zwariowa pi ? 

Wa ka zariwa rini 
—or, Wa ka zwa- 
riowa rini ? 



K F 



( 434 ) 



E^'GLI8H. 

Lend me vour knife. 



The knife is blunt. 
It is sharp. 
I am a poor man. I 
have nothing. 



You have cattle. 
You have many 
cattle indeed ! 



S^i bolegele inqamu 
yako. 

Inqamu i butundu. 
Gu {or i) bukali. 
Ki numyafia, a ni 
laluto. 



U lenkomo. 
Inkomo yako zineiii 
sibili ! 



Their number (is Ubunefii bazo ! 

amazing). 
I have none. 
He is rich ; his 

property is very 

great. 
I greeted you, why 

are you silent ? 



A &i laze. 

U fuyile, impahla 
zake zinefii. 

'^2i gu binelela u 
tulelani ? 



What's the news ? 
There is no news ! 



Indaba ? 

A gu landaba. 



Ni bulewe lipaiio. 
Ki lambile. 
m omele (amanzi). 
U va nata njefia in- 

kuku. 
U esaba ni na ? 



SHUNA. 

Ndi pe bangu rako 
— £>?', Ndi pe panga 

T J IT JO. 

Bang A ri no koma. 

Rl NO PIZA. 

Ndi ri mtjena a ndi 
NENUMBi — or, Ndi 
ri nhai, a ndi ne- 

TJINU. 

U nenombe. 

InOMBE JIJO INJINJI 
GWAZO — 01% Inombb 
ZAKO DZIZHINZHI 
GWAZO ! 

BuNji b A JO— or, Bu- 
zhinzhi badzo ! 

a ndi nadzo. 

Wa ka fuwa, dzi- 
fuwo dzake dzi- 
ZHINZHI. 

Nda gu gwazisa u 
NO nyarire(n)i — 
or, Nda ti, Ta gu 

BONA, U KA Tl 

HWARI? 
MaHOKO ? OrM ATAM A? 
A GU NAMAHOKO — Or^ 

a gu namatama. 
Nda fa nezhara. 
Nda ziya. 

Nda omegwaneyota. 
U NO mnwa se huku. 



I am very hungry. 
I am hungry. 
I am thirsty. 
You drink like a 

fowl. 
What are you afraid U esaba ni na ? U no hyeni ? 

of? 
I will come to your Ni za gu za emzini Ndi no o buya pamu- 

town. 
Go round there ! 



wake. 
Hamba fiale — or^ 
Beta Hale. 



G-et out of the way 

{pi.) 
Go ! (emphatic). 



Gwedhla(ni) — or^ 

Suga(ni). 
Hambabo ! 



SHA PAKO. 

Enda nakoko — or, 

POTA NAKOKO — Or, 
SUMA NAKOKO 
IbVA(NI) — or, MiRIKA 
(NI). 

Endabo — or, Ibva ! 



( 435 ) 



ENGLISH. TEBELE. 

Go then ! Hamba pela. 
Please to move from A ge li xega konapa. 

here. 

Sit down. Hlala pansi. 

Sit here. Hlala lapa. 

Sit over there. Hlala lapaya. 



Come here. 

Stand thei-e. 

Oet up and stand. 



Woza pa. 

Mana lapo. 
Su^ma, u me. 



What do you want ? U difia ni na ? 
I want nothing. A ni difii iluto. 



What are you seek- U nxwanelani — or, 



ing." 
I am seeking you. 
I am just taking a 

walk. 



^ U landeni? 
Ni nxwanela wena. 
i^i ya zihambela 
nje. 



What do you say ? U tini na ? 
What did you say ? Wa tini na ? 
I did not say (so). A ni tjono. 

You did say (so). U tjilo. 

I told him. Wi m tjele. 

They said (so). Ba be si tic. 

We did not hear. Ka si ka oe zwa. 

Not so ! or you are Amanga !— or, U la- 

a liar ! (according manga. 

to intonation). 

I am not lying. A Hi lamanga. 



I tell you truly. J&i ya gn tjela ogn 

qoto. 

I am not joking. A fli somi. 



SHtJNA. 

Enda pera. 

ItINI ma BVA IPOPO. 

Gara pasi. 

Gara papa. 

Gara paya — or, Ga- 

RIRA KOKO. 

BuYA PANU — or, Bu- 

YA KUNO. 
MiRA (PA)PO. 
S1.MITGA, U MIRE— or, 

MiRIGA U MIRE. 

U NO tsage(n)i ? 

A NDI NA TJA NDI NO 
TSAGA — or, A NDI 
HAGE TJINO. 

U NO BINGEI ? 

Nda binga I we. 

NdI NO ZWI FAMBIRA 

DZANGU — or, Nda 

NGO FAMBA ZWAN- 

GU — or, Ndo ZWI 
(e)ndira koga. 

U NO TI NI ? 

Wa NI NI. 

A NDI NA GIT NARO — 
or, A NDI ZA DAYO. 

Wa NARO {or dayo). 
Nda m budza. 
Ba be dayo. 

A TA Ni: TA ba HWA. 

U NO NYEPA. 

U NO REBENEMA. 

A NDI NYEPI— or, A 
NDI NA GU NYEPA 
-'Or, A NDI NA GU 

ziSepa. 
Ndo GU BUDZA, a ndi 
NYEPI — or, Ndi no 

BUDZA GWADZO. 
A NDI NA OU TAMBA. 



( 436 ) 



ENGLISH. 

You refuse ! 
Why do j'ou refuse 
I do not refuse. 
I do not know. 
We do not know it. 
What is this ? 
It is an ox. 
It is a person. 
It is a man. 
It is a horse. 
It is I. 
It is he. 
It is it. 

It is not I. 
It is not he. 
It is not thej' (zi) 
It is not it (li). 
It is notit(mu). 
It is nothing. 
A good person. 



TEBELR. 

U y(a) ala! 
? U alelani ? 
A ni all. 
(K)a fi(i) azi. 
(K)a si g^wazi. 
Gu ini loku. 
Gu yinkomo. 
U fiumuntu. 
U yindoda. 
Gu lipiza. 
Imi. 
Nuye. 

Iko. Ilo (according 
to the class of noun. 
A simi. 
A suye. 
A sizo. 
A si lo. 
A si wo. 
A si luto. 
Umuntu lunileyo. 



A kind person. 

A pleasant person. 

A bad (evil) person. 

A turbulent (or mad) 
person. 

An easy-going per- 
son. 

A sharp-witted per- 
son. 

A strong person 
(physically or 

mentally). 

A wise person. 

A brave man. 
A hard person. 
A quarrelsome per- 
son. 
A cunning person. 
A foolish person. 
A generous person. 



Umuntu lomusa. 
Umuntu muhle. 
Umuntu mubi. 
Umuntu luhlanya. 

Umuntu butaga- 

taga. 
Umuntu bukali. 

Umuntu lama- 
ndhla. 

Umuntu hlagani- 

pileyo. 
Umuntu liqawe. 
Umuntu luJcuni. 
Umuntu lolaka. 

Umuntu liqili. 
Umuntu yisituta. 
Umuntu panayo. 



SHUNA. 
U NO RAMBA ! 
U NO RAMBIRENl. 
A NDI RAMBI. 
A NDI ZIBI. 
A TI GU ZIBI. 
TjINI ITJOTJI. 

Inombe. 

MUNU. 

Mrume. 
Mbizi. 
Ndimi. 
Ndiye. 
Ndiko, etc. 

) 

A NDI simi. 

A TO BA lYE. 

A DZI TO BE IDZO. 

A RI TO BE IRO. 

A U TO BE IWO. 

A TJI SI TJINU. 

MUNU WA KA RU- 

RAMA. 
MUNU U NEHANA. 
MuNU WA KA NAKA. 
MuNU WA KA IPA. 
MUNU U MPENGO. 

MUNU UNYORONYOKO. 

MUNU WA KA RURA. 

MUNU U NAMASIMHA. 

MuNU WA KA TJE- 

NJERA. 
MUNU WA KA BAY AN A 
MUNU U NGUGUTU. 
MuNU U NEMBAYO. 

MUNU U NLUNGWA. 

MUNU U NO PA. 



( 437 ) 



ENGLISH. 


TEBELE. 


SHUN A. 


" A bad lot." lit. *' No A sumuntu. 


A TO BA .MUNU. 


pei-sou at all." 






A black man {i.e. 


Umuntu u mnyama. 


MUNU MTEMA. 


skin very dark). 






A yellowish-brown 


Umuntu u mpofu. 


MUNU MHABA. 


man. 






A copper-coloured Umuntu u bomvu. 


MUNU MHABA. 


man. 






It is wrong to swear. 


Gubi ueu tetisa. 
(Gu) gubi. 


GWAKAIPACiUTrOA. 


It is wrong (or bad). 


GWA KA IPA — or,ZwA 






KA IPA. 


It is good. 


(Gu)guhle. 


ZWA KA NAKA. 


It is right. 


Gu lunile. 


ZWA KA RURAMA. 


It is nice. 


Gu mnandi. 


Gu NO ZIPA. 


It is cold. 


Gu makaza. 


Gu NO POTA— or, Gu 

NETJANDO. 


It is green (unripe, 


Gu luhlaza. 


Gu BISI. 


or, not cooked). 






It is wet. 


Gu manzi. 


Gu NYORO. 


It is dry. 


Gu omile. 


GWA KOMA. 


It is ripe {or cooked). 


Gu vutiwe. 


Za I bva — or, GwA 

IBVA. 


He is an earnest (or 


Umuntu lo ka a 


MUNU lYEYU .A A 


effective) man. 


dhlali. 


TAMBI. 




SECTION 9. 





ILLUSTHATING THE USE OF RELATIVE AND INTEB- 
ROGATIVE PRONOUNS, WITH SOME IDIOMS. 



come from where 
my father died. 



Who is that coming ? 
Who is it ? 
Who is he ? 
Who is that sitting 
at the fire ? 



TKBKLK. 

i^i vela lapa ubaba 
wa fela kona. 



Ubani o zayo. 
U fiubani. 
Ubani yena. 
U fiubani o hlezi 
emiilweni. 



SHUNA. 

NdI no BVA KOKO WA 
KA FIRA BABA — Or, 
Nl)I NO BVA I KOKO 
PA KA FIRA DADE. 

NdIVANB U NO BUYA. 

U KI VANE? 

Ndiyane IYE? 
Ndiyane it (;kuk mv- 

MOTO? 



( 438 ) 



ENOL18H. 

What is his name ? 



To whom are you 

talking ? 
Whose son is he ? 

(07' daughter). 
What tree is that ? 
Who is sick ? 

Who is born? {i.e. 

boy or girl ?) 
He divided to each 

man his share. 

They fought and 
slew one another. 

We went every one. 

I remember them all 
three. 

They, all four, went. 

I am selling for my- 
self. 

I mistook a horse for 
an ox. 

This snake is very 
ready to bite. 

He did not come up 
to the average. 

That man does not 
hear. 



TEBELE. 

Ubani ibizo lake ? 

U kiQuma lobani ? 

U fiumfo ka bani ? 

Isihlahla bani leso ? 
Gu gula ubani?— o/', 
gulayo nubani ? 
U zele ni ? 

Wa m dabulela (i)lo- 
wo muntu isabelo 
sake. 

Ba Iwa ba bulalana 
omunye lomunye. 

Sa hamba sonkana. 
Ni ya zi kumbula 

zontatu. 
Ba hamba bobane. 
Ni ya zi teiiela 
^ mina. 
Na pambega, na ti 

ipiza, inkomo. 
Inyoga le i ya andi- 

sa ugn luma. 
Ea a figana endi- 

meni. 
Ka e zwa lowo 

umuntu. 



Why did you hit U m tjayeleni ? 

him? 
With what did he Wa m tjaya fiani ? 

hit him ? 
Where did he hit Wa gu tjaya fiapi ? 

you? 
Where were you Wa gu tjaya nxa u 

when he hit you ? napi ? 
When did he hit you? Wa gu tjaya nini ? 
How did he hit you ? Wa gu tjaya njani ? 



SHUNA. 
NdIYANE IZITARAKE? 
— or, NdI YAXE ZINA 

RiRE {or lile) ? 
IT NO rebereka na- 

NI? 

u ri nkororo wani ? 

Unti ni ? 

Ndiyane u no gwa- 

RA? 

Wa zware ni ? 

Wa ka m pazurira 

lYEYO NU TJIKWA- 

biro tjitje. 
Ba ka gwa, ba ka 
burayana mSwb 

NOMNWE. 

Ta ka enda tose. 
Ndo ji karakana 
ijojo NATU (Loze). 

Ba enda BA RI BANA. 

Ndo zi tengera imi. 

Nda kanganisa nda 
ti mbizi nombe. 

Inyoga iyoyi i no 
goza gu ruma. 

a na swiga mun- 

DIMA. 
A TO HWA lYEYE UNU 
— or, Uyo MUNU HA 

A HWI. 

Wa m robere(n)i ? 
Wa m roba nbni ? 

Wa gu ROBA PI ? 

Wa gu roba u ri 

PI? 
Wa gu roba rini ? 
Wa gu roba tjini ? 



( 439 ) 



ENGLISH. TEBKLE. SHUMA. 

He hit me very sore- Wa fii tjaya logu- Wa ndi roba logu 

ly. tjaya. roba. 

Here is the person Naiiku uimintu o Oyi' i:nu wa ka ndi 

who thrashed me. wa ni tjayayo. roba. 

Here is the person Nankuumuntuoni- Oyu vsu v xda ka 

whom I thrashed. m tjayileyo. roba. 

That is all. 6u pela. Ndi zozo. 

We are bad, but you Tina si babi nina li Iswi ta ka ipa, 

are good. bahle. imnwe ma kanaka. 

I am greater {or S'i nomkulu guwe. Ndi ri Mixr mkuru 

taller) than thou. GU newe. 

This ox is bigger Inkomo le inkulu Inombe iyoyi ikuru 

than the others. gwezinye. or ne dzlmnwb. 

Man}^ (people) like Abanenibayatanda Banzhi ba no da 

beer better than utjwala kakulu busugwa gwazo 

work. gni lomsebenzi. gu ne iwowu 

SHINGO. 

Some people love the Abanye abantu ba Bamnwe banu ba no 
king more than ya tanda inkosi da she pehoowi 
they love each pezu gwogutand- pogudana. 
other. ana. 

That person sur- Lowo umuntu u Iyeyo nu u no pinda 
passes all the rest dhlule bonke a- bose nogumanya 
in his swiftness. banye iiejubane gukwe. 
lake. 

They will treat us as Ba ya gu si pata Ba no o ti bata isu 
we treat them. tina, njenoguba ^^B ikoko ti ba 

si ba pata bona. bata ibo. 

There are not so Bati abantu ka ba Banu a ba fi gubenu 
many people dying fi katesi kakulu gwazogwazo se- 
now as in the njena sehlobo. hiha. 

summer. 

Why are you making Li bafielani um- Mu no kohereni 
such a noise? sindo ungaga. ihoba ingapa. 

He who hates, hates Yena o zondayo u Iyb u no bbnga u no 
himself. ya zi zonda. zwi bbnga. 

We help those who Si va ba siza bona Ti no ba tjija ibo 
help themselves. aoa zi sizayo. ba no zwi t.iija. 

Istayedwith another i^fahlalagwomunye Nda ka gara gu 
person who is a muntu o yisinini nomSwe ni: wb- 
triend of mine. sami nje. hana yangit. 

That calf is the Itole elenkosi lelo ! MrRUYAnE( = YASHE) 
king's! ivoYO. 



( 440 ) 



ENGLISH. 

No, it is not the 
king's, it is Tjibi's. 



TKBELK. 

Atjilasiloelenkosi, 
ell ka Tjibi. 



This town which I 

have built is not 

mine, it is my 

father's. 
It is I who am going. Mina o hambayo. 



Lomuzi e fii wu aki- 
leyo,asiwowami, 
no ka baba. 



But it is I alone who 
will cross the 
river going there. 

Is it you who arrived 
yesterday ? 

All whom I love. 

The person whom I 

called. 
There are things on 

earth which we 

have not yet seen. 
The town at which I 

was. 



Wait a bit ! 

I will thrash him 
unless he goes now. 

You must not be 
drunk at my place. 

What are you staring 
at? 

It is not my business. 

The name is distinct 
from the surname. 

He has only one eye. 

We are dead for him, 
i.e. He is dead 
among us (or at our 
place). 



SHUN A. 
GWETE, A LI TO BE 
ILO LASHE NDl LA 

Tjibl 

IWOWU MUHA ( = MU- 
SHA) U NDA BAKA, 
A U TO BA WANGU 
NDI WA DADE. 

Ndimi NDONDA (=NDI 
NO O ENDA). 

NdIxMI NDOGA NDl 
NO GWAMBUGA, NDI 
ENDE IPOPO. 

NdIWE WA KA SWIGA 
HURO? ( = ZHUR0). 

BoSE BA NDI NO DA. 

UnU NDA KA DANA. 

DZI HI PO ZWINU MU- 
NYIGA ZI TI SANU 
TA ZI BONA. 

IWOWU MHA (=MU- 
SHA) U NDA NDI 
RIRE. 

Ita ZIBUYANA — W, 
Reka GU DAYO. 

Ndi no m roba kunge 
it singa famba 

ZWINU. 
ReGANI GU KOREWA 
GU NEMI. 

Mu NO tarire(n)i ? 

A si mlandu wami. A i si moswa yangu. 
Ibizo 11 lodwa, isi- Zita ri poga, mtupo 

bono si sodwa. u poga. 

Ilihlolakelinyenje. Ziso rake rimnwe 

tjete. 
Sa felwa iiuye. Ta ka figwa ne iye. 



Kodwa imi fiedwa^ 

eiii za gu wela, ni 

ye lapo. 
Nuwe wa figa izolo 

na? 
Bonke e ni ba tan- 

dayo. 
Umuntu e na m 

bizayo. 
Zi kona izinto em- 

hlabeni e si fia ka 

zi boni. 
Lowe muzi e be ni 

guwo. 

Enza gahle ! 

^i ya gn m tjaya 



11 Da a fia hambi 

katesl. 
Musani ugu dagwa 

gimi. 
Li bugelani na ? 



1 



( 441 ) 



KNQLISH. 

Your words are soft 

(pleasant). 
Give me this third 

one. 

I cannot talk. 

The evil of it ! 

I have no saliva 
(left) I— An expres- 
sion of great sur- 
prise. 

How shall I pick my 
teeth, have I any 
meat ? = You are 
maligning me. 

Hold your noise. 



TKHKl.K. 

Amazwi ako a buta- 

, gataga. 

Ni pa lesi esitatn. 



SHUKA. 

Mahwi awk ma 
nyoroxvoho. 

NdI PE (iWEXATi: — 
or, Nl)I PE ITJOTJK 
TJOBlXATr. 

Ni ahlulegile iign Ni>a kwoxe(;wa «;u 

kuhima. keuereka. 

Ugubagubi gwako ! Gr ipa gwako! 
A fii lamate. A ni>i namate. 



I^i ya gn vufiula ini 
ni lenyama na. 



BOMBO UMSINDO WAKO. 



«a 



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PL Elliott, William Allan 
3723 Dictionary of the Tebele 

•U & Shuna langiiages 
E55 



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