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SIR JAMES WEIR HOGG, Bart., M.P., Chairman, 
RUSSELL ELLICE, Esq., Deputy Chairman, 



































The acknowledged usefulness of the Dictionary to which prescription has inappropriately assigned 
the title of Richardson's Persian, Arabic, and English Dictionary, and the probability that at no 
very distant period a reprint of it would be required, induced the editor of the last edition, shortly 
after it had issued from the press, to commence a careful revision of the work, in order to 
supply such deficiencies as might stiU be detected. The period he looked forward to has arrived : 
the exhaustion of the edition has been simultaneous with the completion of his labours ; and he now 
responds to the call for a new edition, or, to speak more accurately, for a new Dictionary, by 
the present publication. 

The Dictionary of Richardson, as published in 1777, however well suited to the style and wants 
of that day, was open to obvious objections. It was inconvenient in size, being printed in folio, with 
an ungraceful oriental type, and it was very defective in its stock and choice of words. It was 
little else than an abridgement of the Oriental Thesaurus of Meninski, printed in four folio volumes 
at Vienna in 1680, efi'ected by omitting the Turkish words incorporated in that collection, and by 
putting together words of similar sound, but of different significations, and sometimes of different 
etymology, which the original had more consistently kept distinct. Richardson made some addi- 
tions to his text, chiefly from the lexicons of Golius and Castellus. He also published in a 
second volume a reversed dictionary, English and Persian: but the unidiomatic character of his 
equivalents has led to this being rarely consulted. 

The first volume of Richardson's Dictionary was reprinted in 1806, and the second volume in 
1810, by the late distinguished oriental scholar. Sir Charles Wilkins, who on that occasion compared 
the English version of Meninski with the original. In doing this, many alterations and numerous 
additions were made, and many mistakes corrected. He also reformed the mode of representing 
the Oriental by Roman characters— reduced the size to the more convenient dimensions of a quarto 
—printed the oriental words with a new and greatly-improved Arabic type, and made additions 
both of words and meanings, which, to use his own expression, "might be counted by thousands." 


The work assumed, therefore, an entirely new aspect; and was mainly indebted to the learning and 
industry of Sir Charles Wilkins for its standard reputation as an Arabico-Persian Lexicon. 

In 1829, although not withholding his aid or interest from a new edition of the Dictionary, 
Sir C. Wilkins consigned the task of preparing it for pubUcation and conducting it through the 
press to the compiler of the present work. On that occasion also voluminous additions were made. 
A great body of Arabic words, which Richardson had omitted, were supplied from Meninski, 
WiLLMET, Db Sact, Gladwin, the Kamus {^J^yc'^), and other sources ; at the same time the 
Persian division of the Dictionary was enriched by numerous and useful contributions from the 
Burhani Katip (j^oS ^^^Ji) and the voluminous Persian Dictionary, Haft Kulzum (^Ji C-^), 
compiled under the orders of the King of Oude, and printed at Lucknow ; but chiefly from 
a manuscript collection of words, consisting of about five and twenty thousand, taken from the 
works of twenty-four of the most celebrated Persian writers, which had been compiled in India 
under the directions of the late Sir Graves Chamney Haughton. This valuable compilation was 
most liberally placed by that eminent scholar and zealous colleague at the Editor's disposal. 
About thirty-eight thousand new words were inserted, and many new meanings that had been 
previously overlooked or omitted, were introduced under their respective terms. 

It is not possible that a Lexicon, however carefully and laboriously compiled, should embrace all 
the words of a copious form of speech and an extensively-cultivated literature. If such be the case 
with one language, it is still more applicable to a work which in fact comprehends to a certam 
extent the two classical languages of the Muhammadan world, Arabic and Persian. To embody all 
the words of both these languages without any omission, would require an amount of knowledge and 
an extent of research to which the, compiler of the present work makes no pretension. All that he 
has attempted on the present, as well as on the former occasion, has been to supply such defects as 
could be supplied from sources within his reach. With this purpose, he has gone over, with aU the 
care he could bestow, the Surah {J[j*o) a Dictionary of Arabic words explained in Persian, in two 
volumes quarto, printed at Calcutta in 1812 ; also the great Arabic Lexicon, Kamus (^j*»^)5), 
in two volumes folio, printed at Calcutta in 1817; and the Persian translation of the same, 
including the Sahahu '1 lughat (o\il3\ J^)' Shamsu '1 ^ulum (j«^\ ;j-^)> and other Voca- 
bularies, printed in four quarto volumes at Calcutta in the year of the Hijra 1257 (A.D. 1841), 
under the title of Muntaha '1 arab ti lughati '1 ^arab (u-^\ o\«J ^J ^J^\ o'^) ^J Munshi 
Abdu'r rahim (^j^ Jua rjil\ JoS- ^^i ^J\ Jo^)- The author "has also carefully 
perused, with reference to the present compilation, several standard Persian writmgs, as the 
Anvari SuhayU ( Jj^ J^yh Akhlaki Muhsini (j— ^ J^h the Tuhfatu '1 ahrar (^^^^ &a^), 
and Salaman u Absal (JL-^^ j uU^L*») of Jam'i (^*W) which two last-named works have been 
most accurately edited by Mr. Falconer; and L'histoire des Mongols, translated by M. Quatremere 
and forming one volume of that splendid series the Collection Orientale. 

From these and a few other sources, more than thirty thousand words that had no place in 
the third edition of Richardson, will be found in the present work. It is hoped therefore, 


that the Dictionary will now rarely leave a Persian student at a loss for the meaning of any term, 
whether of Persian or Arabic origin, which he may meet with in a Persian author. 

With respect to Arabic, the case is different. Although containing a very large proportion 
of Arabic words, the compilation is intended to be an Arabic Lexicon chiefly in relation to the 
indefinite extent to which the best Persian writers avail themselves of the Arabic language, either 
to enrich their style or to display their erudition. The words that are thus embodied, are substan- 
tives, adjectives, verbal nouns, participles, nouns of agency, and particles — ■ not verbs : and, 
accordingly, the latter, either in their primitive or derivative forms as verbal roots, constitute no 
part of the collection. It is only to this extent that the Dictionary is a Dictionary of Arabic ; 
and although it is, no doubt, true that it contains very many words for which it might be difficult 
to produce the authority of a Persian author ; yet so long as the best Persian writers may, and 
do employ Arabic words at their own discretion, without limit or reserve, it would scarcely be 
safe to predicate of any Arabic word that it never occurs in a Persian composition. On this 
account, it has been thought advisable, not only to retain a large number of Arabic words of very 
questionable usefulness, merely because they had found a place in the former editions, but to add 
many others which may possibly be foreign to Persian literature, but which may also be found 
in it, and of an explanation of which the student may occasionally stand in need. Superfluity 
has appeared to the author preferable to deficiency, although he is by no means disposed to 
question the justness of the objections which have been made to the Arabic portion of his labours, 
by scholars for whose opinion he entertains the greatest respect and deference. 

It might, indeed, have been a preferable course to have compiled the Dictionary in the first 
instance fi om a careful collation of the standard literature of Persia, rather than from the existing 
lexicons : but there can be no doubt that native lexicographers are, for the most part, more 
conversant with their own literary compositions than European scholars can hope to be. A wider 
field is open to them whence to accumulate their gleanings. To have recourse to them is therefore 
a natural and obvious procedure : to discard their aid would be recklessly to cast away valuable 
materials. In the present instance, however, the author has had no choice. 1 The original 
compilation of MeninskIj based upon native Lexicons, and amplified and corrected froHi the same by 
Mr. Richardson and Sir Charles Wilkins, is the acknowledged groundwork of his own labours : 
and he holds himself accountable only for the fuller development of their plan, and the compilation 
of a Dictionary which, while it may be not wholly useless to the student of Arabic, will furnish the 
student of Persian with a,n explanation of every word he is hkely to meet with, whether it be of 
Persian or Arabic extraction. 

With a hope of rendering the work more serviceable to the student of Arabic, the irregular 
plurals of nouns and adjectives will not only be found in their places alphabetically arranged, but 
have also been given along with their respective singulars after the manner observed by Arabian 
lexicographers. In many of the commonest terms these irregular plurals are very numerous, as 
may be seen by a reference to the words ooP ^abd, a servant; ^Jlt shaykh, an old man; .b dar, 


a house; Jw>\ «««</, a lion; ii>. Aazs, good fortune ; .\^ himdr, an ass; i^joS arz, the earth; 
«._Jd kalb, a dog; joj^ shajia, bold, brave; fM kahlr, great, &c. &c. But notwithstanding the 
large space occupied by these repetitions, the addition of more than thirty thousand words, and the 
insertion of the tashdld -hl- (sign of reduplication), the typographical arrangements that have been 
adopted have diminished the bulk of the volume by three hundred pages, without, it is believed, 
impairing the merits of its execution, the elegance of the type, or the distinctness of the 

A still more important result is the reduction of the price, which barely exceeds a third of 
the former charge, and furnishes a precedent of economy in oriental printing hitherto unparalleled, 
for which oriental students cannot be too thankful. This is partly owing to the improved facilities 
which practice has given to the printers of oriental books : and in particular, to the oriental press of 
Mr. Watts, which has earned a just reputation above all others in this country for the immense 
variety of its resources in oriental typography, and the skill and cheapness with which they are 

It is further owuig to the liberality of the Court of Directors of the East-India Company, by 
whom the entire cost of the pubUcation has been defrayed : and who have in this, as on various 
other occasions, manifested their desire to facilitate the acquirement of every oriental language, a 
knowledge of which is subservient to an acquaintance with the speech, the institutions, or the 
sentiments of the people of India. 

East-India College, Hailevbiry, Hekts, 
October 1, 1852. 




ALIF, the first letter of the Arabic and Per- 
sian alphabets, in arithmetic represents the num- 
ber one, and in almanacks and astronomical 
books, Sunday and Taurus. It also denotes an 
unman-ied man. Like its sisters j ream and ^_^ ya, 
this letter is sometimes a vowel, and at other times 
a consonant. As a vowel, it is called aJjLm i_fl3\ 
alifgakina, Quiescent alif, s-i (__aJ\ alif layyina, 
Soft alif, or !S\\ i__ft5) alifu'l madd, Alif of extension 
or prolongation. Being invariably preceded by a 
consonant inflected with the vowel a, called 6^ 
fatha, which is akin to \ alif, it merely prolongs 
the sound, so as to form the simple long vowel a 
of " far" or " father": as, JU mhl, Wealth. In 
Persian, however, a broader sound is given to it, 
more nearly allied to the a in " water" or " war": 
as, JU- hal, (pronounced haul) State, Wja, (pro- 
nounced jaw) A place. When, in Arabic words, 
\ alif, occurs at the end of a word, or at least is 
followed only by ^ haviza, then the sound of 8i>* 
madda, which means "extension or prolongation," 
is given to it, whether the sign "^ be wTitten or not : 
as, f^jf" or indifferently Ajf" hamraf, fem. Red, (to 
be sounded like the a in " huzza"). In this case it 
b called »iij J-,* i_ai\ alifmamduda, Extended alif, 
in- contradistinction to SjyoSxi i_i5^ alifmaksura, 
Short alif. This latter \ alif is not unfrequently 
met with at the end of Arabic words : as, UaP 
^a', (originally j-aP^offOJi;) A staff; lJ<i dunya' , 
The world. But ljy,asu« fc_flJ\ alifmaksura ap- 
pears more frequently in the form of ^^ ya, with 
a small \ alif placed above : as in ijj^ hitshra'. 
Glad tidings; ^JiU^a* mustafa', Elect; ^J^ 
hubla', Pregnant"; jJ-oJ fuzla', fem. Excellent. 
In Arabic, \ alifm&y be substituted for j Kan- 
OT ^ya: as, J^ kala (originally Jy hajvaki) He 


spake ; c^ ha^i, (originally ^. haya^) He sold. 
It is employed to form the dual in verbs and nouns : 
as, \x;^kataba, They two wrote ; ^J^. yalttu- 
bani, They both will write ; ^^^'^J rajulani, Two 
men. It also foi-ms the noun of agency: as, 
u-JjUfl zarih, A striker. Likewise, adjectives: 
as, ^J^Ji^* sahran, Drunk; ^jfhubra', fem. 
Greater. It is used in the formation of plurals, 
both regular and irregular : also of several of the 
,ii-a/« masdars, or verbal nouns, &c., for all of 
which see Grammar. 

In a few instances, \ alif, though written, is 
not pronounced. This is the case after j marc 
of the plural of the verb : as, \jj-aJ nasam, They 
assisted ; and seems to have been introduced in 
order that this j ream may not be taken for the 
conjunction j marv. Some grammarians extend 
the use of this silent \ alif to other words : as, ^^yi 
banun, Sons ; J^J \yj^ banu (for j-*-> banu) 
Zayd, Sons of Zayd ; >=\\T^jJjU. sharibU 'I vm^, 
(for ^\\TjJjU.) Drinkers of water. After (^,y^ 
tanwln preceded by iJ? fatha, \ alif is written, 
but not sounded : as, \l?j CUij^ zarabtu zaydan, 
I smote Zayd. Also, when it is the substitute of 
the light ^J nun in such a phrase as »-eUU Ua— J 
la nasfa^n (originally i^^xi^) &*'» «^'ya^ Ve- 
rily we will drag by the forelocks. Neither is it 
pronounced when following the i^jj rawly, or last 
letter of a verse : as when ^\>ci>\ ilti^ba, i--»U>\ 
asaba, are written bUi^ ilti^bd, bU>^ asaba. 

Tlien there is the \ alif of lamentation (iOiW 
nadba): as, »Wj ^j rva zaydZh, Alas! Zayd: 
and of imploring aid (»3\iS-.^ iMighasa) : as, 
t\sij b ya zaydah, Ho ! help, Zayd. 

In Persian, \a/J/" is of two kinds.— 1. Prefixed 
to certain particles : as, b\ aba (for b ba), With ; 


also to words of three or more letters, when it 
takes the vowel originally belonging to the first 
letter, which then becomes quiescent : as, ^^J^\ 
ishham, (originally ^^>m skiham), The belly. — 
2. To denote privation : as, ybi>-^ aumban, Mo- 
tionless ; iJm\^\ akhrvastl, Unwillingness. 

\ alif in the middle of a word is of five kinds. — 

1. When employed to convert the third pei-son 
singular of the aorist into the precative : as, o1^ 
mlrad, May he die! (from liji^ rriirad); liljJ 
buvdd. May he be ! (from C)j> buvad) ; i)\jj» ma- 
ravdd, May he not go ! (from ^jj ravad). Or 
when it stands in the place of the prefix (-.» bi : 
as, f,\ji^ mirdm, I will die (for -^ bimlram). — 

2. Pleonastic, for ornament, or by poetic licence : 
as, ,Liou«) sahuk-sdr (for jm tdLuy* sabuk-sar), 
Light-headed ; jlXj^-* sitamgar (originally ^^XiUw 
Contemptible. — 3. To denote continuation or 
proximity: as, ^^li-^iji^- hhanddhhand, Incessant 
laughter ; *<iUi daviadam, Moment to moment, 
every moment ; ^_jij(iLi»ji> doshadosh. Shoulder 
to shoidder, arm in arm. — 4. To denote totality, or 
completeness : as,^-.^- sarasar, From beginning 
to end ; b];«» sarapd, From head to foot. 5. In 
lieu of the conjunction j vdv : as, t/y,^ tahdjmy 
(for i^y J tils tah u puyj^A. running to and fro, 
search. In some parts of Persia a medial \ alif, 
when followed by ^^ nun, is sounded like u : as, 
(j^b 65mw (pronounced as if written j^jb barun), 


] alif at the end of words is of seven kinds. — 
1 . Used in calling : as.V^ shalia, O King ! ^b^ 
shahr-yara, O friend of the city !— 2. To denote 
prayer : as, ^JJJjiJJ na nishlnada. May he not sit ! 
)^. bi7iadd, May he see ! Sometimes two \ alifs 


occur in one word for emphasis ; the one being 
placed before, and the other after, the final letter : 
as, \i\^ shaiada, May he become! — ^3. To de- 
note the agent : as, \^U dona, Knowing, learned ; 
Uu) bina, Seeing, or a seer ; bj> goj/d, Speaking, 
or a speaker ; \yjlt nhhuiva, Hearing, or a hearer ; 
\jj rata, Current. — 4. For filling up (cVfi»^ hh- 
baf), borrowed from the Arabians ; as, when 
poetic metre requires it, ^^^ hamal is written ^U> 
hamala. In strict parlance, the final consonant 
of every Persian word is silent, that is, not fol- 
lowed by a vowel. When, therefore, it is re- 
quired to inflect such a consonant with a vowel, an 
\ alif must be subjoined : as, Lol> daniya, \^\x)\. 
rat/tfanii/a, from ^^\i ddniy, (3^.]; rayganiy. — 
6. To form abstract nouns: as, ^l.i> rfaroza, Length, 
{tora^jidara:, Long ; l»-\J_/?raA/(a, Width, from 
^|^_/iraM, Wide.^-6. Pleonastic : as, \m guftd 
(for C«a> gufl,) He spoke. — 7. To form a kind 
of intensive superlative : as, \di»_j>- khimishd, Very 
happy, from (^^ hhtvuih, Happy ; l-J hasd, 
Very much, from ^j»J has, Much. \ alif is some- 
times sounded like u : as when ^^^J farmdy, 
Command thou, is made to rhyme with (*.. rv,y. 
\ alif may be changed to J\i> dnl or ij ye: as 
for (jb ha an, ^^\> ha hi, they write ^j^JJ ba dan, 
jjjJkP ha din. For ^JitM\ afidish and ^JJtAjS ar- 
maghan they say i^i^. yahdish, ^J^J>. yar- 
maghan. The initial \ alif of a verb, when pre- 
ceded by the particle t_J hi, the prohibitive « nm, 
or negative ^^ na, is changed to (jye: as, ^J^»■\j\ 
nfmkhtan, To exalt; C^\jSL^, biyafrakht. He 
exalted ; j\^_ biyafraz. Exalt thou ; j]/!^ mi- 
yafrdi. Exalt not thou; ij:^\Jii nayafrdhht, 
He exalted not. 


When \ alif b regarded as a consonant, it is 
called hamza, the orthographical sign of which > 
it ought, in strictness, always to bear ; although, 
at the beginning of a word, it seldom is written. 
In shape, hamza resembles the upper part of c 
fayn ; and, Uke that letter, is uttered by a com- 
pression of the muscles of the throat. Hamzn, 
however, is neither so deep nor so strong a guttu- 
ral as ^^yn. In representing a word which con- 
tains a hamza in the Roman character, the pecu- 
liar symbol of this letter will be retained, accord- 
ing to the mode followed with regard to e. tayn. 

At the beginning of a word, hamza invariably 
aasumes the form of \ alif; and may take either of 
the three vowels, a, i, or u : &s,jt^\ mmlr, A prince 
•or commander; ^KA^^imim, A chief or leader; 
>\j»\ xumaris. Princes. In that situation, how- 
ever, the sign hamza is seldom written, as it can- 
not there be mi^itaken for quiescent \ alif or alif of 
prolongation ; the latter, as we hive already ob- 

( 2 ) 

served, being never found but when preceded by 
a consonant marked with its own vowel t^fatha. 
These words, then, will commonly appear written 
ji<\, ^\, Aj^; and will be spelt accordingly in 
English, amir, itndm, umards, without the ortho- 
graphical sign hamza. 

In the middle of a word, hamza is changed to 
J waw when inflected by ftlj/e zamma, and to ^^yd 
without the diacritical points when inflected^by 
IjJi kasra: as, i^^^raMfa (originally i—slj ), 
He was kind ; >»w sadma (originajly ("W)* He 
was sick. But when moved by t^ fatka, it ge- 
nerally assumes the form of that letter which is 
homogeneous with the vowel of its own preposi- 
tive : as, jjw satala, He asked ; joS?" j'^^^^t 
The pots of a druggist; UU** sosai, aouw sitat, or 
8^ suMt, The horn of a bow. As a quiescent me- 
dial, it remains when preceded by fatha : as, (_>«»^ 
7-aj:.i, Head : becomes « wdw if preceded by zam- 
ma : as, i^V huss, Calamity, and (_y yd with- 
out the diacritical points if preceded by lyJi 
hasra: es,J^ bisr, A well. 

At the end of a word, after n^ fatha, it assumes 
the form of \ alif: as, O' harata, He read. After 
tjJi kasra, it assumes the form of ij yd: as, *_5ii 
dafja, He was warm ; and after &v^ zamma, the 
form of _j wdm : as, jj>- jarusa, He was bold. 
After a silent letter, it retains its own shape ; as, 
■'c—^i*- khahs, Concealment ; ^jj>- juzs, A portion 
(though sometimes it is found with a j wdm, as, j liJ 
ba/L, Commencement): f]X^\ ihtidds, or with 
{j>.yi tanrvin, Ax^\ ibtiddsun, A beginning. In 
this situation it is commonly omitted by the Per- 
sians, who would write it \iJj\ ibtidd. 

In Arabic, hamza ^ may be substituted for a 
radical J wdm or ij yd: as, Jj^' kdAl (for 
hdivil), A speaker ; «5b batif (for «^b bdyit.), A 
seller ; .i*.^ ahad (for J>>-j ivahad). One. Hamza, 
like alif, is one of the letters of increase (u-ijip- 
»iib^\ hurufu 'z ziyddat) ; and is therefore used 
extensively in forming several of the augmented 
conjugations which branch out from the simple tri- 
literal or quadriliteral root. It is also employed 
in the formation of some of the irregular plurals : 
as, l^\ at^maf. Viands ; ^^\^\ almdn. Colours ; 
c-i;5>- \ ahrvf, Letters ; \..Jo^ sakdsif (originally 
<— JJJ^) Volumes : — also of adjectives descriptive 
of colour : as, jg-\ ahmar. Red ; :iyu\ asmad. 
Black ; and of comparatives : as, u-Jj^l ashraf, 
More noble, &c. 

As a native of Arabia is able to articulate with 
facility sounds which are wholly unfamiliar to a 
European ear ; so, on the other hand, in the lan- 
guages of Europe are found combinations of let- 
ters, the correct pronunciation of which, to a native 
of the East, is a matter of difficulty. This is 
more especially the ease, when, at the beginning 


of a word, two consonants occur without an inter- 
vening vowel, as in Fraud, Slow, Spear, &c. Ac- 
cordingly, when any foreign word of this kind is 
adopted into Arabic, it usually appears with one 
of the vowels a, i, u, prefixed to it. Thus the 
words Plato, Stabulum, Stater, become severally 
jjjii>^\ afldtun, J-la^^ istabl,Jia^\ ustur. Nor 
is it in words only of foreign origin that \ alif is 
thus employed. In the structure of words in 
their own language the Ai-abians have recourse to 
the same expedient. In Arabic, the imperative is 
formed by dropping the initial letter which is the 
sign of the aorist : consequently, in a large propor- 
tion of simple triliteral verbs, the imperative would 
be found commencing with a silent consonant. For 
instance, the root c—in^ Itataha, He wrote, makes 
in the aorist ■ -■'-'^,\ yaktiibu ; and hence the im- 
perative would be i>-a3 hhib. To remedy the 
inconvenience of an initial double consonant, an 
\ alif is prefixed, and the word is therefore •, -'^^ 
uktub, Write thou. But as often as the impera- 
tive follows any word whose final is inflected with 
a vowel, then this \ alif, characteristic of the im- 
perative, and called indifferently ^y.^o^\ k__sJ^ 
alifu'l wasl, Alif of union, (J-oji^ »Ute hamzatu'l 
ivasl, Hamza of union, or iiM>Oj 'i\^ hamzat rvas- 
liya, Conjimctive hamza, though retained in writ- 
ing, loses its vowel in pronunciation, and the two 
words coalesce. This coalescence is indicated by 
the sign "" &l^j wasla. Union: as in l-^u^sTT 

c ^ C - * "^ 

wahtub (and without wasla y. ■''^-'\), And write 
thou ; which must be pronounced as if written 
<_.*i£='j, and not wa ukUtb. The conjunctive 
hamza is not confined to the imperative of the 
major part of triliteral verbs ; but is employed in 
the preterite, imperative, and verbal nouns of the 
increased conjugatwns of the forms Jj»ai\ infoiala, 
J«UJ^ iffa^la, JxJl if^lla, Jj<aL«l istaf^la, 
jUsl if^lla, J*-^l if^iv^la, and Jyol iUaw- 
wala; and in the forms jbel if^mlala, iJjLJ^ 
If^laUa, derived from the quadriliteral Ji*j 
fa^ala. The hamza of the article Jl al is also 
conjunctive: as, (jji«^\^\ amlru 'I muminln 
(not arniru al musm.inm) Commander of the faith- 
ful ; and so is the initial \ alif of the following 
ten nouns substantive : ^^^ ibn, — Jol ibnam, 'iS>\ 
ibnat, ^\ ism, CU-.\ 1st, ^^^Ul igndni, ^Jl^^ 
imatdni, \^\ imras, 'i\^\ imrasat, ^Jf\ aymun. — 
Except in the above-mentioned instances, every 
initial hamza is termed &i*laji hnt^ya, Disjunctive. 
The fourth conjugation {^\ af^la) is not in- 
cluded in the foregoing list : its hamza, therefore, 
being disjunctive, retains its vowel, and allows no 
coalition : it is necessary, therefore, to read CJ-^X. 
ma sahtaba (or indifferently (_-u^j wa ahtaba, 
never wahtaba,) And he made (him) write. 

As forming a distinct word of itself,1 hamza is 


( 3 ) 


used in calling to one near : as, S>\ \ sa zayd for 
iJu^ b ya zayd. Also for inteiTOgation : as, 
|,3» JkJJ \ sa zayd^kdsim, Is Zayd standing? 
>\.jAmJ\ f^\ l^ v^yl sa nusminu kama amana's 
ittfahas, Shall we believe as fools believe ? iJL*i\ \ 
^JJ.] '"^'j-Q ja aw^a zarahta zaydan, Didst thou 
Strike Zayd ? C^^J;^ \S>\ ' -ta zaydan zarahta, 
Was it Zayd thou smotest 1 It is also a disjunc- 
tive particle : as, ffi>j^ J *\ *^iW^ ' sa san- 
martahum, am lam tu7izirhum, Whether thou ad- 
tnonish them, or admonish them not ; 1 i^^ ^ 
bl^jA} (•! CL*»^ »ia «Z»a/i sa Inimta, am kauttta, I 
care not whether thou standest or sittest. Some- 
times hamza is understood though not expressed : 
as, ^ jUiCLJi j^ /,\ ^ Cj>JJ<jm»\ jt^^ ^^^m sa- 
masun talayhim, istaghfarta lahum, am lam tas- 
taglifii- lahum, It is all the same to them whether 
thou askest or dost not ask forgiveness for them. 

p I a, (alif with JiS/o madda") being equal to 
two alifa \\, or to 11, has a long broad soimd (like 
a in the English word all), and is one of the impe- 
ratives and the contracted participle of (jcJ-c I ama- 
dan. To come. If a word beginning with I a, as 
\J^*>»\j 1 ara-stan, To adorn, have the particles t_.» 
hi, M ma of prohibition, or ^^ na of negation, pre- 
fixed, the first of the two alifs is changed to (_f ye : 
as, (Jl« Mi l)L> biyarasf. He adorned ; from i^d^ 1 
amadan, To come, L) hiya. Come thou ; 1,L« 
mayara, Do not adorn ; Ll**«l)\-j nayarast. He 
did not adorn. When two words commencing 
with I a are joined, as (_ju! as, A mill, and (_^1 
ah. Water, one of the alifs is changed to (_f ye : 
as, («.>Iju»»1 m-yab, A water-mill. 

A I a, in Arabic is not sounded quite so broad 
as in Persian, but approaches very near to the 
sound of a in father, and is then (singly) either the 
remote vocative. Ho ! hark ye ! or the interjec- 
tion of contempt, Fy ! pho ! 

A 11 sa, name of the letter 1 alif. 

A f-\ as, The fruit of a tree used in tanning. 

Pt-^laJ,Water. Quicksilver. Anythingliquid. 
A pearl,jewel, gem. Lustre, dignity, honour, rank, 
excellence. Grace, elegance. Bounty, beneficence. 
Worth, price, value. The water or lustre of a dia- 
mond, polished steel, a brilliant cimeter, &c. Con- 
stant motion. Custom, habit, fashion, mode, ride. 
Pity. Prosperity. Ascent, promotion. Ashamed, 
bashful. One who moves smoothly along a road. 
I Perfect soul, universal intellect. This word is 
much used in forming compounds, and metapho- 
rical expressions, ^jiilii ^^^i-jl U-»T cihi abistam 
dadan, To fertilize ground. tL^j lA-J 1 *— ^ I 
abi atig/t^rang, or ^J\: ^Ji3 1 (_J 1 dhi athh-zay, 
Wine. Tears of gi-ief or anger, ijoij ,jiJ ! t-jT 
ah atinh shud, The water boiled. A tumult was 
raised. —\y» (jt5 ! t_J I abi atish-mizq). Red wine. 
t^W jji-J I (_.> I abi atixh-namay, Wine, Tears 

of gi'ief. ci)\j-i!JT i_J I abi atishnah. Red wine, 
jjrj-ij 1 L_.> I abi afiilnn. Wine. Tears of blood. 
J^\ L-J ! abi ahmar. Wine from dates or grapes. 
The Red Sea. .il l-jI abi azar, Red wine. 
\ut ji 1 i_.^ 1 abi azarsa. Wine. Tears of grief, 
(jljffjl (_-' I abi arghaivani, Red wine. Tears of 
sorrow. ^^CiS uiJb JiiJii jl l— >1 ah az dida pah 
hardan. To wipe away one's tears, to dismiss un- 
easiness of mind. 8JjLw>1 (_-> I abi isfada, A pool, 
ditch, stagnant water. SiipJl t_j I abi afrurda, 
Cold or congealed water, ice, jelly of meat, fish, 
&c. Glass. A bright sword. jy»->l '^ 1 alri 
angur, Wine, (ji^j I f-r* ' ^^ awardan, To bring 
tears, to be ashamed. To have a swelling about 
the hoof (a horse). (jljb l-> I abi baran, Rain- 
water. tfXJjiiLj (_j1 abi bad-rang, or L-j| 
tLOj Jiib abi bada-rang. Blood. Tears of grief, 
(^lij (jiJ I j> t-J I ab bar atash zadan. To quench, 
to allay. (J5-iA j>\ J> uJ 1 ah bar zir hishtan, 
To cheat, to deceive. »jL^ ujI abi basta. Ice, 
hail, hoar-frost. Glass, crystal. lib i_j1 abi 
baha, Water of life. lo'^ j^ '-r' ' «i« baltam 
shudan, To be dyed red. ^^ (_J I abi bun, A 
gummy substance which exudes from the root of 
decayed walnut-trees, j^djyf (,ltfS^- (_J I db bi 
lijam khwurdan, or i^j'^jy^ A^^. '-r' ' ^^ ^^ ligdm 
khwurdan, To be independent, and subject to no 
controul. «jI^ l— »1 dbi piihhta. Broth, jelly. 
Boiled water, C*^ i— jT dbi pusht. Water of 
the back, spinal marrow. ijii»\5 !_.» I db tdhhtan, 
To urine, Jj (_J 1 dbi talkh, Wine. The tears of 
a disconsolate lover, ro j>- 1^ ^-'1 dbijigar-klmn. 
Tears of grief. f»~*»- '-r'' «''< chashm. Tears. 
/•];»■ i—'l dbi hardm. Wine. Love. C>w».»- t—^l 
dbi hasrat. Water of desire : wish, appetite, long- 
ing : tears of desperation. OL* (— •>! dbi haydt, 
or (jlj-^ (—-J I dbi hayaivdn. Water of life : im- 
mortality. Pure, spiritual discourse. Divine 
love. The conversation of a friend. ji»l»- (—J I 
abi khdtir, Purity of thought. Brilliancy of 
imagination. C>bl;i- (--»1 dbi khardbdt. Wine. 
^j)l}>- (— -»l dbi lihazdn, Autumnal rains. l_-'l 
i.- f A M . ^ dbi hhtiMi, Glass, crystal, a decanter. (_-> I 
woi^ dbi Itliizr, Water of Khizr (Elias), the foun- 
tain of which he is said to have drunk and to 
have become immortal. Inspired wisdom. L-.>t 
s^lXi^ dbi khitfta, Congealed water. Snow, ice. 
Glass, crystal. A sword in the sheath. K^ I 
i^jJi>j^ dbi khTmtrshed,The water of life. L-J I 
^^i3,y>- (^y- abi hhmtgh hlitmrdan. To live at 
ease. jo'^^'^ ^^ ' «^ daddn, To give water, to 
steep. To sharpen, add brilliancy, harden steel. 
To enliven. fjy>- j^ t_J I db darjuy. Water in 
the river. Prosperity, victory, honour, authority, 
/jii^ I iS^ j^ (^ ' «^ dO'f fiy uma.dun. To be- 
come opulent and prosperous. To regain prosperity. 
To be invested with authority. X>- jJ (— -» I db 

dar jigar, Intoxication. Greatness. .iS t_j| 
(^jijiilii jX>- db dar jigar ddshtav. To become in- 
toxicated. To be opulent. ^j^(i»lii >.*■— .^ ; t| 

db dar chashm ddshtan. To be modest, shame- 
faced, yi^ t/jj?" J^ '-r' ' "* '^"'' clii^e hardan, 
To adulterate, to cheat, i^i^y^ Ji^ j*^ •—-'I oh dar 
dil Sudan, To experience heartfelt joy. .iS t— » ) 
iVcl (j£jlfc4> db dar dahdnash dmad, His mouth 
watered, jjwlii »ii^.i>ji> i_j| ai </ar r/irfa ddxh- 
tan. To possess a delicate sense of honour. l-> I 
ij^\d 50 oj ji> 56 <^ar zir hdh ddshtan^ To work 
in the dark. (^jiji>lii j>-i> .li (_,>! db dar sliahar 
ddshtan. To be in a weak and declining state. i_» I 
(^iiyj> ^^.\a jiiai </«>• human Sudan (or jjiiy 
hoftan). To bray water in a mortar, (met.) To act 
foolishly. To be uselessly employed. jjliiJii l->T 
a6j danddn, Water of the teeth, spittle, whiteness 
or cleanness of teeth. ij'^j3 ' i.^-J*' i^'^^ "-r* ' 
dbi danddni har'ife dmardan, To make one's 
enemy's mouth to water ; needlessly to excite 
hostility against one's self. {j^^ ^ I abi da- 
hdn. Water of the mouth, saliva. ^^J (_j I dbi 
dahan. Water of the mouth, spittle. A longing 
desire. iJJ.ii L-*! dhi dUda, Water of the eyes ; 
tears. *l»- »iiJ.ii-L-^l aft* fZjf/ojj Jaw, A draught 
of wine. J. i_-» I dhi raz. Wine from grapes. 
(Jii, (_.^T db raftan. To lose one's dignity. u->T 
libl-j. dbi 1-uhndbdd, or ,_^ i_->l ai? rnhni. Name 
of a fountain near Shiraz. (.fjCJj (— J 1 a/;i rang. 
Water-colour, coloured water, paint. A sketch 
or outline of a picture. i^X^-^j ^ ' ubi rangin. 
Red wine. Tears of blood, i^jj '^\ dhi ravdn, 
Running water, A sort of very fine muslin. 
(_ji.j L»i>l dbi ravish, Beauty, elegance, splen- 
dour. Usage, custom, ^^jj >— -*' dbirawghan, 
Oil, butter, fat of broth, liquid grease, jj c-> I 
dbi ru. Freshness of countenance. (_j'jj l-.> 1 dhi 
ruy, Water of the face, lustre, brightness of coun- 
tenance, gracefulness, dignity of mien. Reputa- 
tion, renown, glory, honour, estimation. Rank, 
office, station. ij^ '-r'' "* rehhtan. To be 
ashamed or disgraced. ^jSj L->l db zadan. To 
extinguish, to quell, to appease. To sprinkle the 
house in honour of guests, jj (_..> I dhi zar. Li- 
quid gold ; white wine. Saffi'on. j^ (_->! a?M' 
zuldl. Pure, limpid water. tjl*'^ '--'I «*« ^in- 
dagdnt. Living water, the water of eternity or 
youth, a fabulous fountain so called. ij>j i_j ) 
dhi zahra. Wine. Morning light, heat, splen- 
dour. ^jM f^\ dbi surhh, Red wine. u-'l 
»bb-» dbi siydh (or »Ju*) (_j1 dbi siyah). Black 
water. A disease of the pye producing blindness. 
The waters of the deluge. yii--» i— ' I db shudan, 
To melt. To become ashamed or divested of lio- 
nour. To gi'ow obsolete. ^\JLi> ujI dbi sha- 
kdsik, Wine. Blood. (A/^ '— ' I d-bi shangarfi. 
Red wine. Tears of grief. j_y»» <-— ' 1 dbi sitor 


Brackish water, tears of grief, j^iy C*AO (_-> I 
ab-iifat hidan, To be humble. To promote the 
interesU of another, to be useful. ^jU-yvia UJ 1 
abi tubaristan. Name of a foimtain on a mountain 
in Tabaristan, which, it is said, ceases to flow when 
a noise is made, and flows immediately when it is 
over. iS.j^ *— >T abi tabani/a, Name of a foun- 
tain which flows and becomes dry alternately for 
the space of seven years. i-^ji» t-jT rdn tarab^ 
Wine. JjP *vT ahi farah, Rose-waU-r. <_J 1 
C^jLs- abi ^^hrat, Wine. pUP' <-r»T 5fri gha- 
mam, Rain-water. tj^ i->T abi ghura, The 
juice of sour grapes, or other unripe fruit. »--> 1 
IJpJ abi fmurda, Glass, ciystal. A sword, or 
dagger. Ji i— *T abi kar. Beauty, elegance, 
splendour, dignity. Usage, custom. ^^<-r»l 
ahi habiui, Blue water. The Persian sea. The 
sea of Cliina. The Arabians call this gulph the 
Green Sea. y,iU/ i— 'T ah hushadan, To let 
out the water formed about a horse's foot. <--' J 
» jU/a6i kufhada, Weak, poor wine. J><f t— *T 
abi hanmr, The river Kawsar in Paradise, said to 
flow with milk or nectar. SJJ^ i-jj abi gar- 
danda, The revolving heavens. ^J i^'iabi gai-rn, 
Warm water. A hot bath. (jCii l-> I ab gash- 
tan, To become water, to be dissolved. ^1 
vi*i.j? abi goM, Gra\7, broth. (_ila5 (—» I a^i 
/(/(/; Boimty, liberality. J*5 i--.>T aij la^, Wine. 
Teai-s of blood. {J^J* "-r* ' "*' murghan, Name 
of a place of recreation in the environs of Shiraz, 
frequented every Tuesday during the month of 
Rajab. Name of a fountain in Kohistan, the 
waters of which, wherever carried, are followed by 
a kind of starling that devours locusts, t— j1 
iii^jj» abi marn-aind, The purity of a pearl. A 
pearl, or white speck in the eye. £j» i— ■>! abi 
maryam, Probity, honour, chastity. New wine. 
^^1" t—J I ahi vmnjamid, or SSit^ i_^ I abi mun- 
takid, Snow, ice, sleet. Crystal, glass. A cime- 
ter, a poniard, ^y ^^o ujI abi may-gun, Tears 
of grief. jU ^mJ\ abi nar, Red wine. i-^I 
jjUjli ahi narnan, A lover's tears. Wine. Blood. 
*j\j \^\ abi naji». Red wine. OUi L^\ abi 
nabat, The juice or sap of any vegetable, l-*! 
(jii.yi ab na klumrdan, To allow of no delay, to 
loie no time. )o\^ (_^l abi nasliat, Semen ge- 
nitale. u»»l ,3-i rnl-uh, The black water, the 
river Nile. aJU j l»> 1 ab u dana. Means of 
subsistence. <^-^j J •— ^1 5J u rang, Freshness 
and moisture. Wine. Tears of grief. ^^ . (_J I 
ab u gU, Water and clay, i.e. the human frame. 
\^ J i_^T ab u hatva, Water and air ; climate, 
atmosphere. S^ i^\ abi hind. The Indns. (_^l 
Oyb abi yahut. Red wine. if L-> I abi yahh, 
Iced water. 

p («> 1 ab (in zand and piizand). Father. 

A Ui^l ab. The Syro-Macedonian month of 

( 4 ) 

August. As the Persians, Arabians, and Turks, 
whose common year is lunar, make use neverthe- 
less of the solar year in their astronomical calcu- 
lations, they are obliged to have recourse to the 
Syriac calendar for the names of their months. 
dh'\ ahaha, or ^ ^\ aba laka, Woe be to thee. 
A c->^ ab (originally _jj\ abaw, or with tanwin, 
aban-un), (pi. f\y\iiba., and ^^}i\ ahuna), A father. 
A master, possessor or inventor of any thing. ^ 'S 
liiJ b\ la aba laha, viiJ (->H /a aba Ma, \j\ !!l 
(jliJ ia aban laka, <JJb^ ^ la abaka, or i^\ ^ Id 
abaha,T\iou hast no father (an expression imply- 
ing eulogy, meaning. No one can supply thy place). 
It is also a term of reproach, implying, Thou hast 
been neglected. There is no escape for thee. 

A lLA sahba, (fut. \l/^,yaMbhn, or t^-^*" 
nbbu) He made ready (for a journey). io\ \1>\ 
abba abbahu. He prosecuted his design. 

A L^\ abb, (v. n. of l^^) Preparing for a jour- 
ney. Making vigorous application to any thing. 
Preparing to make an onset. Setting in motion. 
Laying one's hand upon one's sword. Wishing 
to return to one's country. A wish to return to 
one's country. Pui-pose, intention. Grass, pas- 
turage, verdure (answering the same purpose for 
cattle as fi-uit for man). 

A f\S\ ahas, (pi. of L-.»^ ab) Fathers, ancestors. 
tcJ* t/bl ahan-f.tdw'i, Sublime fathers, i.e. The 
nine heavens, or seven planets. i/j""* t?V ' 
abaA iunsurl, Bodily fathers, (/y** t/V ' ^^^■'^ 
mafnmv'i. Intellectual or spiritual fathers, i.e. pre- 
ceptoi-s. iiliiJ>-^ J b 1 aba rva ajdad, Fathers and 
grandfathers, ancestors. 

p \)\ aba. Strange, wonderful, (for b ia) With. 
Aba or iba. Spoon meat, soup, bread, jf jl> (j:\j\ 
abaA gulu-gir, (Throat-tickling or choking soup) 
Worldly joy or sorrow. Joy at the death of an 
enemy. Iba, A pair, two oxen in a yoke. ^ 
A b\ aba, (accusative oi ^\ abu) Father. AA 
^\ ^j> ahham hnu abba', Name of a reporter of 
Muhammadan traditions. 

A b^ iba\ (v. n. of i3^) Refusing to eat, though 
not satiated. 

A ^b\ abas, (v. n. of Jj) Being infected with 
the plague. A tender kind of plant, growing 
chiefly in Egypt, of which paper is made, and the 
root of which is eaten like sugar. 

A .^b^ abaf or iba^, (v. n. of fj,\) Refusing, re- 
jecting, abominating. Inducing one to dislike 
and refuse. Avei-sion, disgust. Disobedience, 
stubbornness. A strangury, v (jiip bi iba kar- 
dan, To refuse, reject, (pi. of 'J*b\ abamt) Reeds, 
flags, canes ; also the places where they grow. A 
kind of disease contracted by goats from the smell 
of their urine. Ubai, A loathing of one's food, 
(pi. of (3 1 abi) Refusers, rejecters, loathers. 

A tf\>\ abatat, (v. n. of (Jj) Being infected 

with the plague. (PL -^b^ aba.) A reed, flag, cane 
of which sacking or matting is made. An epi- 
demical distemper, the plague. Ibamt, (v. n. oi^\) 
Refusing ; disliking, abominating. Inducing one 
to dislike and refuse, (v. n. 4 of ^b for \^), Reta- 
liating (by killing a homicide,) being equal or quits. 
Alighting at a place, intending there to dwell. Re- 
ceiving hospitably. Abiding in any place. Tan- 
ning (a hide). Bringing back. Opposing. Lead- 
ing (camels) to the place where they kneel and 
drink, bringing (them) to rest. Stretching, run- 
ning far away (one desert into another). Fleeing, 
running away. 

A <_.^b^ aiab, (v. n. of l1>\) Preparing for a 

journey. Getting in readiness. A tending to- 
wards. Stretching, striving. Travelling equi- 
page, equipment. The vapour (_j5/*»«am6. >) 
^^\S\ la ababa. He goes not in quest of water. 
Abab or ibab. Preparation or readiness for a journey. 
Ubab, A surge, wave, a flood. 

P yjbb.Ttt&a&an, Name of a mountain. 

A 'ii\>\ abahat, (v. n. oiCL>\) Preparing for any 
undertaking. Wishing to return to one's native 
country. An institution, regulation, mode of living 
or acting. Ibabat, (v. n. of <1»\) Wishing to 
return to one's country. An institution, mode 
of living. 

A J-ob^ ahabil, A kind of bird, an owl, bustard. 
A herd of camels. A flight of birds. Ababila, 
In herds, or flights. 

A ijob\ ahab'in, (pi. of ^J^\ ibban) Convenient 


A Jb\w&a«, (pi. of t^Ta&i) Refusers, recusants, 


A Ob\ abati. Poetic, for CL*i\ abafi, My father ! 

A iobl ibatat, (v. n. 4 of Ob for CJ^.) Causing 
to do any thing in the night. Causing to pass the 
night. Being overtaken by, or perishing in, the 

A ^\i\ ahatir. Name of a place. Uhatir, A 
solitary, retired man, who cuts all connexion with 
his relations. Childless. Short, dwarfish. 

A «jb\ ibasat, (v. n. 4 of ut>b for Ll^jJ) En. 
quiring, examining, searching. Cleaning out (a 
well). Ploughing. 

A (3b\ ubasa', Camels satiated with pasture, 
and reclining on the ground. 

p (»l»- 1 u-> I aJqyam, A place abounding in reeds. 

Aj>-^\ abajir, (pi. of^ bvjr) Evils, misfor- 
tunes. Important and hazardous affairs. 

Ajj»-b^ abajir, (pi. of j*; bujr) Misfortunes. 

A to-bl ibahai,(j. n.4of ^b for _jJ) Publish- 
ing, disclosing, revealing. Permitting, giving li- 
berty. Rendering lawful. Liberty, licence. 

A *?»-b\ abahiyat. Name of a certain sect. 

A «j>-b) ibakhat, (v. n. 4 of ^b for ^^) Extin- 


A (j-i>-bl abalihis, The fingers and the roots of 
them. Nerves, tendons, ligaments. 

p iSb I ahad, A city, building, habitation. Cul- 
tivated, peopled, flourishing, populous, full of 
buildings and inhabitants. Replenished, well filled 
(treasury). An open plain. Good, elegant, fair, 
beautiful, convenient. A created thing. Always. 
The Fane Kaaba, or the square temple at Mecca. 
I Salutation, congratulation. Praise, eulogium. 
Name of the first poet sent to Persia. Well done ! 
bravo ! (_j-ii^ \ lib I ahad amadi, You are welcome, 
lib I abad, when added to a noun, denotes a city or 
place of abode. 4>b I i^\^ sLi shah jahanabad, 
The city of Shah Jahan, Delhi, formerly the capi- 
tal of the Great Mogul, lib I i^jc mmshidabad, 
Mooi-shedabad in Bengal. lib 1 ^\ allcihahad, 
The city of God. lib I (_>a-J fayzahad, The abode 
of plentj'. ;ibl *%■ khiirramahad, An agreeable 
champaign, lib.l ,X>*»\ uMidcibad, A desert of lions. 
<ib I ijiii\ anduhuhcid, The house of mourning, a 
melancholy place, lib I t— ^Vs»- kliarahahad, The 
habitation of ruin, totally ruined. libl C^jLs^ 
^shratabad. The mansion of delight, a palace. 
(jb ! f^'^fidanabad, The residence of such an one. 
lib 1 C->t~«« S^ biladi inasarratabad, A city the 
abode of delight, a flourishing pleasant country. 
(j<>p lib 1 abad hardan, To cultivate, render de- 
lightful, improve, recreate, refresh. 

A lib 1 abad, (pi. of S>\ abad) Ages. 

p (o^iib I abadan, Name of a city in the Ara- 
bian Irak, situate on the gulph of Persia, at the 
mouth of the Tigi-is, distant from Basra about one 
and a half day's journey. 

p j^^iib I abadan is nearly synonymous with jb t 
abad, but is never used in forming compound words. 
^liMi /o^iibl abadan shudan, To be inhabited. To 
abound, i-)'^ lO^'^V ' abadan hardan, To build, 
cultivate, make habitable, (ji^p lo^'^V ' J \^^ ihya 
« abadan hardan, To revive, refresh, exhilarate. 

p ;3^"ib 1 dbadani. Cultivated, populous, plea- 
sant. Population, cultivation. Name of a man 
celebrated among the Arabians for his learning 
and piety, and a native of ^^^lib I abadan. 

p j^tW)iib I ahadanidan, To cause to inhabit, 
to cultivate. To praise. 

p j^iw\iib I abudaiidan, To praise. 

A »(ibl ibadat, (v.n.4 of iSb for !>*>.) Putting 
to death, exterminating. 

p fjii\)\' abadi, Name of an author, who treats 
of the different punishments with which sinners 
are threatened in the Kur'an. ii-o (_j<ib I dbadi 
hdghiz, A kind of silky paper. 

p (obiib 1 dbadhjdn, Fit to be inhabited. Flou- 
rishing communities. Name of the first prophet 
sent to Persia. His book is called jJLoti dasatir. 

A (iJ.iib^ abadid, as iiJ.iib\^^ tayr abadid. Scat- 
tered birds. Abddida, Scatteringly, dispersedly. 

•( 5 ) 

Pjb I dbdr. Burnt lead (good for wounds and 
bruises.) A register, an account of daily expenses. 

A jb 1 dbdr, (pi. ofjO i/jr) Wells. Name of 
a district in Wasit. ujl^^l jb I dbdru'l a^-db, 
Arabs' wells, name of a place. 

Ajb\ abtdr, (pi. of jJ bur') Wells. IbMr, 
(v. n. 4 of jb) Digging a well for any one. 

A jbl abdr, (v. n. of ol) Giving (a dog) a nee- 
dle in (his) food. Stinging (a scorpion). De- 
faming. Destroying, ruining. Ibdr, (v. n. of jjl) 
Fecundating, rendering prolific (spoken of palm- 
trees and sown fields), (pi. of »j) ibrai), Needles. 
The pointed or aculeated extremities of any thing. 

A jb 1 abbdr, A digger of wells. A needle-dealer 

or maker. Fleas, Lead. jl?^\ i 'biM>\ ashydfu'l 

abbdr, A sort of medicament for the eyes. 

A Sjb) ibdrat, (v. n. ofj>\') Fecundating, render- 
ing prolific (applied to palm-trees and sown fields), 
(v. n. 4 ofjb for.o) Destroying, ruining. 

A dX}\ abdrid, (pi. of ii^\ abrad) Leopards. 

A {_)Oj\>\abd7^, (pl.of (^jJ^ lljy* sdmm abras) 
Certain large venomous lizards so named. 

A jjb \ abdrih, (pi. of ^j\ aira/t) Coarse,stony, 
sandy, miry dirty places. Name of several places. 

p j>3 jb I dbdr-fjir. An accoimtant, a clerk. 

A 'Lc\i\abdrimat,(&i>\y\ abdrihat, i}o\ abdrih, 
or iO,\j\ abdrih) (pi. of |^V?\ ibrdhim) Abrahams. 

A C.>bjb\ Ubdr-iydt, Name of a place belong- 
ing to the tribe of SuA ^ hani asad. 

A /iiX>\ abdi-ih, (pl.of J^jj) »J?-i/() Water-pots, 
ewers. Bright swords. Lightnings, glitterings. 

Ajbl a6fta2,Leaping,springing,bounding (deer). 
One who bounds as a deer in the chase : a leaper, 
springer. One who stops short whilst running, and 
then rushes forward with greater rapidity. One 
who makes an attack, or rushes upon. One who 
dies suddenly. An injurer or insulter. jjj*»»-jbl 
Abbdz Husayn, Name of the author of a book re- 
conciling the contradictions of the Kur'an. 

A ojb\ abdzir, (pi. oi Jo\ abzdr) Aromatics, 
spices, sweet herbs or roots for seasoning meat. 
Grains, seeds. 

A fijo\ abdz'im, (pi. of ij^^ ibzim) The buckles, 
buttons, or clasps of belts, girths, girdles, &c. 

A (j^^bl abdzin, (pi. of i^j>^ ibzin) Buckles. 

A (,^b\ ibsds, (v. n. 4of (jiujJ) Falling into 

A ^_>ubU/?;a.s, A bad-tempered woman; a shrew. 

V bu*»l UJ I db-dgyd, A water-mill. 

p ^_ji>bWia,s/(,(or&i>b\«ias/ia)A crowd, mob, 
mixed multitude. 

A *«b^ ubdshat, A body of men, a crowd, mob. 
Offscourings, filth. The humours of the body. 

A i_>ob I dbdz, (pi. of (joj\ ubz) Ages. 

A (_>ob\ ibdz, A certain vein in the foot. A 
man's name, the founder of a schismatical sect, 
(pi. {^jai\ ubiiz) A rope with which the foot of a ca- 

mel is tied up to his arm. Ubdz, Name of a town 
and of a valley in Arabia Felix. 

A iLtfb^ ibdzat, (v. n. 4 of ^jib for U"*-'.) Be- 
coming stripped of its prickles (the plant ^^^ 
buhma'). Bringing forth white children. 

Xitfbl ibdziyat. Name, of a sect of Muhamma- 
dan schismatics, the foimder of which was jSl J.*& 
l^y**^' (_^bl ^j> ^ibdu' lldh bin ibdz at' tamimiy. 

A Isb I dbdt, (pi. of laj\ ibt or ibit) The armpits. 
The interior parts beneath the wings. 

A i»b^ ihdt, Any thing put under the armpits, 
applied to, or girt round, the sides, ji^b^ <djc»- 
ja^ltuhu ibdtt, I placed it under my arm. 

A Jobi abdtih. Low-lying, gravelly grounds. 
The marshes of Nabatha. 

A J-l>bl abdfil, (pi. of Jl>b bdtil) Trifles, va- 
nities, follies. 

A 'is\i\ ibd^t, (v. n.4 of cb for x^) Exposing 
to sale. A bargain, either of sale or purchase. 

A ^>£X>\abd^d, (pi. of Jjo\ ab^id) The inhabi- 
tants of a remote coimtry. 

AjC-b) abd^r, (oi^j*Pb^ aba fir) (pi. ofj^ ba^r) 
Camels arrived at the age when they are called 
Jjb bdzil or c j>»- jaza^. 

p cb^ abdgh, A mark by burning. Name of 
a place. 

A cbi (j^P Myn abdgh, ibdgh, or ubdgh. Name 
of a fountain between Kufa and Racca in Arabia, 
ib^ (j^S- |«_j^. yawmu fayni ubdgh, A day cele- 
brated among the Arabians by the death of Al- 
Mundir, killed in battle near that place. 

p (jJS'b^a&a^AwZw*, Name of a medicinal plant. 

p (^j^j^\i\ abdghurus. Name of a Greek phi- 

Jb I dbdft, A kind of coarse soft cloth. 

A jb^ ibdh, (v. n. of Jj^)) Running away (as a 
slave) ; withdrawing, absconding. 

A ^bl abbdh, Fugitive (slave), one who fre- 
quently absconds. Name of a poet. Ubbdk, (pi. 
of JjJ 1 dbih') Run-away slaves. 

A j^li^^ab^ abdhdkhdn, Name of the eighth Mo- 
gul emperor of the race of ^)\i- J*^^ changlz 
khan. This prince was the son and successor of 
(jli- jiiJjfc huldgu khan, who took Bagdad, and 
put a period to the empLi-e of the Khalifs. He 
began to reign in the year 1264 and died 1281. 

A Jb I dbdl, (pi. of Jj^ ibl) Camels. (pi. of 
J-J^ obil) Christian monks. 

A (J\j\ abbdl, A camel-keeper, owner, or driver. 
Ubbdl, (pi. of JjI dbil) Camels which supply the 
absence of water by fresh grass. 

A &5b3 abdiat, (v. n. of Jj\) Abstaining from 
cohabitation with a wife. Being skilful in the ma- 
nagement of camels. Ibdlat, (v.n. of Jj\) Having 
a number of camels ; hence, the use or manage- 
ment of wealth (the chief riches of tlie Arabians 
consisting of camels). A herd or flock of camels, 


sheep, oxen, horses, or birtU, a string of them fol- 
lowing each other. A tribe, society. A bundle 
of grass, wood, and the like. Discipline, rule, go- 
vernment. The parapet of a well. (v. n. 4 of 
Jb for Jy) Causing to urine. Ubalat, A bundle 
of grass, wood, or the like. 

A a\5^iM57a/,Abundleofgras8orhay. A herd 
or flock of camels, sheep, oxen, horses, or birds ; a 
string of them followingciich other. ft3\j^ J^ >.LJuo 
z'lgJis Mia' ibbalathi, (or ti\j\ ibalathi) A bimdle of 
grass on a bundle of wood, i.e. Misfortune upon 
misfortune. Plenty upon plenty. 

A ft-JU^ abalimt, (pi. of (j-Jjb^ ibrii) Devils. 
p ai\)\ ihula, A privy, a pissing-place. 
A i_y^'^\ abSn-t, (pi. of (j-jAj^ ihUx) Devils. 
p (»bT abam, (for Jj I aicam or avam, or Jj 
nam or vam) Debt, loan. A tower, fortress. A 
pigcon-housc A sign of the Zodiac. 
A *b^ ubani, Name of a mountain-pass. 
A 'iic\j\ ubamat, Name of several men. 
p ybT aban, Name of the tenth day of the Per- 
sian month. Name of the eighth month of the 
Persian year, during which the sun continues in 
Scorpio. Name of a certain angel, whom the Pa- 
gan Persians supposed to preside over iron, and 
over the actions performed on the day or during 
the month above-mentioned. 

A ^Jo\ aban, Name o{jj^ ^^\ ibn ^mr and 
,X>fu>> ^j)\ ibn .sa«rf, companions of Muhammad. 
Name of several reporters of Muhammadan tradi- 
tions. Name of more than one mountain, jii 
^Jj\ zi aban, Name of a place. 
p yb^ iban, A pair, a brace. 
A jjjb) abani, (dual of i^\ ab) Parents, father 
and mother. 

A y\j^ ibban, (pi. (job^ abahin) A convenient 
time, a proper season. The beginning or first of 
any thing. 

A jjjUb\ abanani, Name of two mountains in 
Arabia, opposite to each other, one called the White, 
the other the Black. 

A Sibi abunat, Friends, companions. j_j Asf 
t^\i\ jata fi abanatihi, He came with all his 
friends. Ibanat, (v. n. 4 of ^^b for j^) Publish- 
ing, declaring, disclosing, making known, clear, or 
manifest. Being clear and evident. Separating, 
severing, putting asunder, removing, making dis- 
tant. Leaving a husband, being divorced. Sepa- 
ration. Clearness, distinctness in speaking. Dis- 
posal of a daughter in marriage. 

p j'.wi i—J I al>-andUz, A planner or measurer of 
the dimensions of aqueducts. 

p JjJ) i-->T ab-andam. Of a fair complexion 
and of a graceful form. 

p »\XJb I aban-f/ah, Name of the tenth day of 
the month Farrcardin. Name of an angel said to 
preside over water. 

( c )• 

p ^b\ ibati'i, Broth. A large dish. 

p ^^j»JbT abanidan. To praise. 

A »jV^ (7»awa^ (v. n.ofjji) Becoming father to. 

p ,J,jT L->T ab-atvard. Carried away by a tor- 
rent. Froth, foam. 

A »b^ b ya abah, O father ! 

A jfcM abahir, (pi. of^^ aft/«rtr)The feathers or 
quills of a bird ; the shortest feathers in the wing. 

A ^\>\ abahim, (or ^\>\ abahim) (pi. oi ^\ 
ibham) Thumbs. Great toes. 

A icbT abai/. Velvet, broad cloth, silk. Abasi 
(in construction, for ^bl a&5^). Fathers. 

p (j\j\ abai/, A horse-cloth. 

p (jbb I abayanl, Name of a moimtain whose 
height is said to be forty parasangs. 

A ;_>ajb^ aha/iz, Name of certain mountains. 

A r^ ' abatty, Paternal, ancestral. 

A CUob^ abay'it, (pi. of C>L>3 abydt) Verses. 

p jjVb i_jT ah-baran, Name of an agreeable 
place in Kabul, near to Khwaja sih yaran. 

p^j^b (_^1 aft-fca«,Water-8porting, swimming. 

p ^^J> L-J I ab-bann, The bank of a river con- 
stantly being undermined by its current. 

p ^o^^ '-r' ' ab-pdshdn, Name of a Pereian fes- 
tival, on which occasion each one sprinkles rose- 
water on his neighbour. 

p fji*^ u -» 1 ab-jidshi, A sprinkling of water. 

A w I abat, Name of a city near Sawah ; also 
of one in Africa. 

A "iiS ibat, (v. n. of (— -'|j) Being contracted. 
Blushing. Disgrace, shame, ignominy. 

A w) abbat, Name of a man. LJjJl sj\ abhatu 'I 
^ilya', and ,_^A.J1 's.>\ abhatu' s svfla'. Name of 
two villages. Uhhat, Name of a city in Africa. 

A (JUj I dbit. Hot, sultry (day or night). 

A CL*>\ abata, or abita, (fut. tJl*JV. yct-fbutu, or 
yasbitu) (The day) was hot. 

\ abt, (v. n. of C*J^) Being warm and sul- 

try. Becoming swollen from drinking. The lum- 
bago. Abt, or dbit, Hot, sultry (day or night). 
O^l abati, or dbatu, (voc.) My father ! 

p i—*!:^ I dbtdb. Splendour. 

p «j\:y I abtdba, An ewer, water-pot, or kettle. 

A C->\:Ji ibtdt, (v. n. 4 of Oo) Breaking, cut- 
ting, or chopping off. Incapacitating. Divorcing 
irrevocably. Doing any thing to be permanent 
and durable. 

P C«»-U^l ab-tdkht, Urine ; forcing of water. 

aJcA ibtdr, (v. n. 4 of JO) Cutting off the tail, 
docking. Depriving of posterity. Disinheriting. 
Withholding, refusing. Giving. Saying the 
morning prayer when the sun's rays are diffused 
over the earth. 

A l^\ b yd abatdh, O father ! 

A «:o\ abtat, Warmth, ardour, vehemence, ra£re. 

A «:ai ahittat, (pi. of OO hatdt) Provisions for 
a journey. Garments, necessaries. Furniture. 

AJdxAibtitdr, (v. n. 8 oiji) Being cut off. 
A il^\ abtm, Name of the modem arrangement 
of the alphabet, which fomerly was ,i>^\ abjad. 

A -.^^ iWjdj, (v. n. 8 of ^) Becoming fat and 
blown out with green meat (cattle). 

A,ii>^^ ibtihds, (v. n. 8 oftl**;) Investiga- 
tinf^ scnitinizino-. Disquisition, examination, en- 
quiry. Playing the game of Si*; halisat. Ques- 
tion, dispute, wager. 

A _,\^'r&(t»7(a/(,(v.n.8of V) Being spacious; 
room, space. Ease, affluence. 

A »\i:Xi\ ibtidds, (v. n. 8 of 1»V) Beginning, com-^ 
mencing. Originating. An exordium. The first 
foot of the second hemistich of a poem. The first 
time. P ^^|^y ^J>^^ ibtidu kardan. To begin. 

A 5\4>:y\ ibtiddsan, In the beginning, first place. 

A C>\s:i\ ibtiddd, (v.n. 8 of 5^) Approaching se- 
parately from different quarters, to attack any man 
or carry any thing off, or two sucklings, one on 
each side of the mother. 

Aj\ii:y\ ibtiddr, (v. n. 8 of,iiJ) Running hastily 
(to arms), preparing for a sudden attack. Out- 
stripping. Flowing with teal's (the eye). 

A tS^\ ibiiddt, (v. n. 8 of ciW) Producing some- 
thing new. Inventing, contriving, altering, inno- 
vating (in matters of religion). 

A »\j:o\ ibtiddh, (v. n. 8 of »JJ) Praying or 
doing any thing extempore. Improvisation. 

A 1i,\s^\ ibtiddiiy Initial, inceptive, inchoative. 

A iiVs^A ibtizdz, (v. n. 8 of liJ) Receiving what 
is due, taking one's right. Cutting, breaking off. 

A J\ika^ ibtizdl, (v. n. 8 of Jjj) Being careless 
in the preservation of any thing. Employing (a 
gannent) for daily or common use. A pace which 
a horse reserves against a time of need. Baseness. 

AjfO\ abtar, Docked. A defective oration, an 
incomplete speech. One who has no offspring to 
survive him. A loser. Poor, destitute. Devoid 
of all good qualities, worthless. A deadly serpent 
with a short train. A basket or bucket without 
a handle. A kind of verse. iol/>^^^ <^l abtardni, 
(dual) A slave and an ass (as being destitute of 
good qualities). 

A f\^\ ibtirds, (v. n. 8 of ^c^) Shaving, planing. 

A li^l ihtirdd, (v. n. 8 of liJ) Pouring upon 
one's self, or drinking, cold water. Coolness. 

^J]/^\ ibtirdr, (v. n. 8 of J^) Standing erect, and 
separate from one's companions. 

A {^]fy\ ibtirdz, (v. n. 8 of ^_^^) Flowing 
slowly from a fountain (water). 

A ci3\;0l ibtirdk, (v. n. 8 of tdJ^) Running fast, 
making haste. Leaning on his fui-bishing instru- 
ment (a furbisher). Seizing and placing beneath 
one's breast. Laying the breast on the ground. 
Sitting knee to knee in combat. Reproaching, 
traducing. Raining copiously (a cloud), inces- 
santly (the sky). 


AjVfi\ ibtizd.2, (v. n. 8 ofjj) Seizing, carrying 
off by force. Spoliation, rapine. 

A ^J^\ ihttmjh, (v. n. 8 of ijj) Arriving (the 
beginning of spring). 

A J\jOU'J<«2-a/,(v.n.8of J}^) Being split. Tap- 
ping (a barrel). Drawing off (the urine). Ex- 
panding, blossoming (a bud). 

A j.\j<j\ ihti;;mn, (v. n. 8 of j^) Excelling. 
AjLJjI ibtisar, (v. n. 8 of^^) Sprinkling be- 
fore the proper time the female palm-tree with the 
flowers of the male. Covering a camel unseason- 
ably. Asking for any thing unseasonably. Taking 
any thing new and fresh. Being torpid, asleep (the 
foot). Becoming changed (colour). The com- 
mencement of any thing. 

A JL«Jj\ ihtisal, (v. n. 8 of J-»j) Receiving his 
hire (an enchanter). 

A j»UJo1 ibtisam, (v. n. 8 of _»j) Being cheer- 
ful, smiling. 

A td)lljj\ ibtishak, (v. n. 8 ofuiilj) Lying. 
Traducing, slandering. Being cut (a thread). 

A ^jiUi:ii\ ibtizaz, (v. n. 8 of (3<ij) Extermina- 
ting, uprooting. Regarding one's self us unequal 
to, and asking for increase of strength. 

A ^l-iJl ibtiza^ (v. n. 8 of *o^) Becoming ma- 
nifest, plain, clear. 

A fj^\ibtitan, (v. n. 8 of ^^) Bringing forth 
a (tenth) young one, having a (tenth) belly. 

A ^\ abta^ (pi. f^yCiS ahta^ma) All, whole, 
universal. Firmly knit in the joints and ligaments. 
Well filled up, fleshy (wrist or pastern). 

A u1>\jO\ ibti^s, (v. n. 8 of t.l*»)) Sending. 
Exciting, stirring up. 

A jlol ibti^fi, (v. n. 8 of J«j) Pouring forth 
rain. Being diffuse in speakin"-. 

A fi\Jc:j\ ibiifjhus, (y.n.Sof^) Seeking. Wish- 
ing, coveting. Behoving. 

A ^Ah\ ibtiha^ (v. n. 8 of *Hj) Becoming 
changed (colour). 

A JUo^ ibtihal, (v. n. 8 of Jflj) Feeding on 
herbage (cattle). 

A.Ji::>\ ibtikdr, (v. n. 8 of^So) Rising early. Ar- 
riving in the morning. Receiving the first-fruits. 
Eating the first ripe fruit. Ripening, come to ma- 
turity. Bearing a male at the first birth. Deflow- 
ering a virgin. Attending from the beginning of 
the Muhammadan form of worship, hearing even 
the prefatory oration called sJai- hhutba,\n which 
they praise God, bless the prophet, and pray for 
the king. 

p ,^^\ abtagan, Master of a family. A Turk. 
A fi':^\ ihtUa^, (v. n, 8 of lib for jb) Trying, 
proving, ascertaining the truth. Asking news. 
Choosing. Being put upon one's oath. Tempta- 
tion, trial, proof, experiment. Passion, suffering, 
the being affected with misfortune, becomino- in- 
disposed or vexed. 

( 7 ) 

A ^^\ ibtilakh, (v. n. 8 of Jj not used) Being 
mixed, confused. Growing higlj (grass). Being 
set in motion (any thing in the belly). Becoming 
acid (milk). 

AjiL^l ibtilaz, (v. n. 8 ofjb) Taking, receiving. 
A ^^1 ibtila^ (v. n. 8 of ^) Swallowing. 

A Jib;) ibtiim, (v. n. 8 of Jj) Being moist- 
ened. Recovering health. 

A f\:M\ ibtinas, (v. n. 8 of j^) Constructing an 
edifice. Giving a building. ' Taking a wife, and 
conducting her to one's home with pomp. Be- 
getting or obtaining children. 

A »\^\ ibtihdj:, (v. n. 8 of y) Being accus- 
tomed, familiar. 

^ ^\ri^ i^tihaj, (v. n. 8 of -^) Being glad. 
Gladness, joy, exultation. 

^J VV^ ^btihdr, (v. n. 8 of_^) Assuming merit, 
when undeserved, lying. Boasting falsely of having 
received the favours of a lady. Acquiring noto- 
riety arising from attentions paid to a woman. 
Praying without ceasing. Not relaxing in one's 
exertions for, or against another. Being snapped 
in two (a sword). Abusing, reviling (another) for 
something that is in him. Sleeping with one's 
head full of phantoms. 

A O^l^:^) ihtihdsh, (v. n. 8 of (j£>^) Being 
merry. Being courteous and kind. 

A \}\p\ ibtihal, (v. n. 8 of J>jj) Supplicating, 
deprecating, groaning in prayer. ^1^1 ibtihd- 
lan, (p io^ljio) ibtihdldna) Humbly, submissively, 
in a supplicating manner, imploringly, 

A Ll>Ujol ibtiyds, (v. n. 8 of cl>b for l^Jy) 
Enquiring, examining, searching. 

A ^^^ iWiydj, (v. n. 8 of ^b for ,^) Flash- 
ing (lightning). 

Ajlol ibtisar, (v. n. 8 of^u) Digging a well. 
Making a pit for fire. Laying up a store. Ac- 
quiring merit. 

^j^^ ibtiyar, (v. n. 8 of^b for^y ) Lying with. 
Trying, proving. Smelling (the female) to disco- 
ver if (she) be pregnant, (v. n. 8 of,b for__jU) Pub- 
lishing or boasting of one's amours. 

A ;_>MU:y\ ibtiids, (v. n. 8 of (j«jj) Being sad 
and full of complaints. Loathing, nauseating. 

A f^\^\ ibtiydz, (v. n. 8 of (jib for ijauJ.) 
Putting on a helmet. Exterminating. Being 

A cLJol ibtiya^ (v. n. 8 of cb for «-).) Pur- 
chasing, buying. Selling. 

p ;j[jju I dbifin, or dbt'in. Name of the father of 
Faridun, the seventh king of Persia of the Pesh- 
dadian dynasty. 

toxication supervenes, Abis, Nimble, swift. A 
sprightly walker. 

A CJ^\ ihsds, (v. n, 4 of (^) Revealing, dis- 
closing, divulging. Disseminating, propagating. 
A ^\ abm^ One whose lip is full of blood and 
ready to buret. 

aJ^\ ibsi^dr, (v. n. 4 ofj«ib Q) Prancing 
about when preparing to gallop (a horse). 

A ^\^ ibsisjdj, (v. n. 4 of _b Q) Being lan- 
guid, heavy, and slow. 

Aj\jiiA ibsisrdr, (v. n. 4 ofjii Q) Prancing 
about when preparing to run at full speed (a horse). 
A ^1 abaj. Eternity. 

A ^ abaj). One who has wide staring eyes. 
A ^l^\ ibjdh, (v. n. 4 of ^) Making glad. 
A JUil ihjdl, (v. n. 4 of J^) Contenting, satis- 
fying, sufficing. 

p «<l*ll a?>-ya»m, A washing-tub, bathing-ves- 
sel, wash-hand bason. A bowl, water-glass, or 
drinking cup. 

A ^,\ abjadjThe name of an arithmetical verse, 
the letters of which have different powers from one 
to a thousand, as follows. This was the order of 
the alphabet among the Jews as far as 400. The 
six remaining letters were added by the Arabians. 


>0 ^ c: <N 




O osao 


* * 






■^ 03 0» i-H 



C5 00 O O 

The author of the Ramus asserts that 6:C\ abjad, 
&c., as far as iJLm>^ karashat, were kings of Mad- 
yan, of whom ^^ halaman was chief. They all 
perished in the time of u-*i»«i shu^yb. Some 
say these eight words are the names of the sons of 
^j* iji J^y* inurdmir bin murrat, the inventor of 
the Arabic character, p (J^ioy i^.y^ i^*; \ abjadi 
tajrid navishtan. To abandon the world, to devote 
one's self wholly to God. 

i^\ abjad-kluvdn, One learning his al- 


dbis. Nimble, swift. 

A i^\ abs, (v. n. of (JLo\) Disclosing, denoun- 
cing, informing against. Abax, (v. n. of (^1) 
Drinking camels' milk till the belly swells and in- 


P^ I db-jar, Ebb-tide. 

Aj^\ abjar, (pl.^ bvjr and (^\^ biijrdn) One 
who has a swelling at his navel. Big-bellied. A 
ship's rope. Name of Antar's horse; also of a man. 

A JjS\ ubjal, A large vein in the hand and foot. 
A vein in the fore-foot of a camel or horse (in man 
it is called J'J^^ ak-hal). 

P^l db-jU, A rividet. 

p (^yf; I db-josh. Gravy. 

Aj];i^l ibjifi-dr, (v. n. 4 ofjLi Q) Hanging 
down, being relaxed. 

p ^. t aback, A butt for archers. An a"-ricul- 
tural implement. 

p\^l db-chard, A light repast taken before 




( 8 ) 

making a regular meal, a whet. Food of genii, 
fairies, wild beasts and birds. 

p J^ t-jT ab-chaM, Giving drink to a child 
for the lii^t time (when about six months old), pre- 
paratorj' to weaning him. 

P ctt*:T ah^lnn, A towel or cloth, with which 
they wil'.^ the bodies of Uie dead ; or wluch is used 

in tl»e bath. 

A'^\al>ahh,(f\. of^fe«/./0 Hoarse, gruff, thick- 
voicedT A dinar, a ducat. Fat. Thick (timber). 
An arrow without head or wing. Name of a poet. 

A M\ ibha^, (y- »• 4 of c/?) Being hroken off. 

A ilM\ obhM:, (pl.ofCl«^ bahs) Questions, 


A _V*:\ ibhSh, (v.n. 4 of £) Making hoarse, 
causiili to pronounce thick without proper mter- 
vals in articulation. 

Kj\^\ abhar, (or^\ abhur) (pi. of j*! hahr) 
Seas. Ibhar, (v. n. 4 of^*?) Being consumptive. 
Meeting, encountering accidentally. Being in- 
tense (redness of the nose). Being very abundant 
(produce of the earth). Finding (water) salt. 
Being as salt as the sea. Sailing, navigating. 

r ^\ ahhul, Name of a king of Jabulsi. 

AjUtf\ tiAAar, (v.n. 4 ofj*:) Causing the breath 

to stink. 

pj\*:^ abkhaz, Name of a country in Turkistan, 

the inhabitants of which are said to be very ferocious. 

A jUtf^ ;W(/i5A,(v.n.4ofjai)Blinding, putting 

out (an eye). Coming out of the socket (the eye). 

A Jjtt\ ihhhal, (v. n. 4 of Jitf ) Discovering or 

considering one to be covetous. 

p w\i:T ah-hhana, A water-closet, cess-pool, or 
gutter. An aqueduct. A place for keeping water. 
K^\ ubkhar, Stinking-breathed (man). 
A y^y abhldrai, (pi. of j\i«l bukhar) Vapours, 

P C*-3:T ab-khaxt, A water-melon. A cucum- 
ber. Fruit acid and washy. Evil-hearted. 

A i,ja3^\ abhhas, One who has protuberant flesh 
round his eyes. 

A ^\ abhhah. One-eyed, blind of an eye. 
A JiJ^ abhhal, Very covetous, more or most of 
a miser. 

A ^J^^ ibkhinan, (v. n. 9 of ^^.) Sleeping. 

Standing erect. Yielding (herself) to be milked. 

A As:^\ ibkhindas, (v. n. 15 of >Ji4) Being large 

(a camel). Having the finger-joints firmly knit 

(a young woman). 

P »i:T ab-hho, An uninhabited islet in a river, 
p ^^y abkhukh, Wry-faced. Spittle. Name 
of a country. 

Pj^T ab-hhmir, A drinker of water. A lake, 
pool, or ditch. A fountain-head. A watering- 
place on a river's bank. A cucumber (as being a 
watery vegetable). Good fortune. Lot, destiny, 
fate. Splendour. Subsistence. ,_ji3 1 j^ (_-> I 

ab-hhrvuri Btish-t, A drinker of wine. Blood- 
thirsty. The eye of one stricken with grief. 

p'jj^.T56-A/i«wd, Good fortune. Fate, lot. A 
dwelling, residence, settlement. Delay, halt. 

P ^j^ L-^T ab-hhmni, A watering-place on 

a river's bank. 

P Uy:^ flfc/(/.5.*a,Melilot, bugloss. 

P C*«.y«iT ab-khwust, or ab-hhvast, A cucum- 
ber, a water-melon. An island, an uninhabited and 
miinhabitable isle. A rivulet. Any hoUow chan- 
nel excavated by the water. 

p ^^ iJ] ab-khun, An islet uninhabited and 


PjjviiT ab-hhez, A spring, an issue of water. 
Springy ground,where water is foundafter digging 
a little'depth. Flow of the tide. A wave. A 
canal, aqueduct, conduit. 

A Jui^\ ibkkman, (v. n. 11 of ^^) Dying. 
Yielding herself to be milked ( a camel). 

A ^T alad, Perpetuity. A wild untractable 
disposition. Angry, affrighted, scared. The eye. 
Abid, Perpetual. 

A ^1 abada, (fut. S>\>. yaMdu) (It) was per- 

A cV\ ahd, (v. n. of ^\) Being wild and ungovern- 
able (a beast). Abad, (v. n. of ^^) Being angiy and 
unsociable. (PI. ibT aiad, and i>^\ nbud) An age, 
eternity without end (eternity without beginnmg 
being expressed by ^]j\ azal). Eternal, ancient. 
Of one year's age or growth. :»b'S)\ ^\ ahada'l 
abad, For ever, to all eternity. In the same sense, 
they say .^^\ Si\ abada'lab'id, ,^'i\ C^Sabada'l 
abadi, j^.Aj!J\ ^^ ahada'l ahadin, i^.S>':i\ ^^ 
al}ada'l ahidln, Wi\J*!)^ iV^ ahadan obadTiyat, dS\ 
jjb jj\ abada'' d dahr. Ahid, Angry and unsociable. 
Ibid, Fruitful, prolific (applied to such animals as 
bring forth annually). A female slave. A i-un- 
away she-slave or ass. Ibid, abid, or ihd, A pro- 
lific hand-maid or she-ass. 

A ^\ Sj\ abbad alUh, (in prayer) May God 
prolong (life, happiness, &c.) Vhhad, Wild beasts. 
A "L^ abadd, A big corpulent man. A man or 
beast that straddles from corpulency. (A horse) 
wide in the brisket. A spider, ^j>\ iW^^ al 
ahaddu'r rasim, A lion. 

A \%\ ahadan. Eternally. Never. 
A A;^\ ahdas, (pi. oifiSi bads) The prime joints 
of a slaughtered camel. (PI. o{\m bada') Excre- 
ments. Joints. Ihda^, (v. n.4 oi\s>) Beginning, 
inventing, innovating, producing, creating. Going 
out, departing from one's own country. Ic jfc 
ii»uO U J iSiif>, htiTva ma yuhdit wa ma yu^d, He 
says nothing, he produces nothing new, neither re- 
peats any thing old. (v. n. 4 of \jJ for jJJ) Void- 
ing excrement. Causing to appear. Exceeding 
bounds (in talking wickedly or improperly), (v. n. 
4of(^iW) Uncovering, making bare, laying open. 

A OW^^ "^ ahadat. All kind of animal pro- 
perty that is annually prolific, as female slaves, &c. 
A i\si\ abdad, (pi. of J^ hiidd) Idols. Jbdad, 
(v. n. 4 of li) Distributing into parts, dividing 
among many, giving every one his proportion. 
Stretching forth the hand towards the gi-ound. 

P WT ah-dar, Watery, moist, juicy. Having 
a good water (as a diamond). A keeper of water, 
a servant whose office is to keep water cool. Keen, 
sharp ; of a good water and temper (as a sword). 
Glancing, dazzling, resplendent. Flowing (verse). 
A sociable and convivial man. A man of under- 
standing, reflection or wealth. A species of plant 
resembling the fibres of a palm-tree. 

A .W\ ibdar, (v. n. 4 ofj^) Having the full 
moon rising and shining upon one. Travelling on 
a night of the full moon. Becoming red (an un- 
ripe date). Giving charge concerning the dispo- 
sal of an orphan's property. 

PsiU^jWT ab-dar-hluma, A repository of 


P ^jj^sil ab-dan. Freshness, brilliancy. 
A cUj( abda^ (pi. of ^ bid^ Wonderful, in- 
comparable men. Ibda^ (v. n. 4 of ^) Pro- 
ducing, bringing out, publishing something new. 
Halting, limping (as cattle from fatigue). Drag- 
ging heavily (a vehicle). Breaking off, discarding, 
withdrawing from. Disappointing. Withholding 
assistance. Being silenced, refuted (an argument). 
Exceeding one's power of thanking (kindness). 

A J\^\ ahdai, (pi. of J^.JJ hadil) Good, just, 
pious men. (PL of J^ badal or bidl) Substitutes. 
Noble, generous (men). Certain persons by whom 
God continues the worid in existence. Their num- 
ber is seventy ; of whom forty reside in Syria and 
thirty elsewhere. When any one of them dies his 
place is filled up by some one selected from among 
the rest of mankind ; hence the word has been em- 
ployed to signify a hermit, monk, saint, enthusiast, 
pretender to inspiration, like the ancient sybils and 
prophets. A vagabond. Ibdai, (v, n. 4 of JiW) 
Changing, exchanging, substituting one thing for 
another. (In Grammar) the substitution of one let- 
ter for another : as, jjo\i- kharni for ;j««\i- /Jtamw. 
p Jjj\ abdam, (for J>ii^ awrfa;«) The body, 
p ^\ jjT abdan, A vessel for holding water. A 
cistern, or any reservoir of water, as a lake, ditch, 
or bath. The urine-bladder. A melon, a cucum- 
ber, as being full of juice. Ahadan, Cultivated, 
populous, inhabited. 

p ^J^S^ abdan, A family, a great tribe. Worthy. 
A J\s>\ahdan.,(p\.of^^S>hadan)^Bodies. Aged 
men. Short coats of mail. Ibidani (dual), A 
female slave and a mare. 

p ,3\jjT ahadam. Population, cultivation, 
p !>Jj4^^ abad-payivand, Eternal, connected 
with eternity. 

A P SiiJ I abidat, (pi. iio\ ubhad, and iij)j\ awd- 
bid) A timorous untamed animal. A wild beast. 
A fable, apologue, parable ; a history, romance. 
Any word difficult to pronounce. A poem not 
generally known. Any thing strange or uncom- 
mon. An idle talker, a babbler. A great and 
memorable calamity to be remembered for ages. 

A is^^ ibidat, Prolific (camel). 

A i'jjl nbbadat, Name of a town in Spain. 

A 'i6j\ abiddat, (pi. of iSW bidad) Stuffings 
under wooden saddles, to prevent the galling of 
camels' backs. 

A —iVl abdah, An extensive plain, a wide area. 
Tall(man). Broad-sided (horse). _.;Vb «3lc Ji\ 
-.iWi^ J ahala malahu bi abdaha rca dubaydaJia, 
He consumed his substance in vanities. 

p (•j'JJ^ ibdaram, Name of the book of Sakya 
muni or Buddha. 

p td)iijii u^ 1 ab-duzdah, A syringe, a squirt. 

p iSjm»S> 1 ab-dast, The ablution or washing of 
the hands, face, and other parts, with certain cere- 
monies used by the Muharamadans before prayer. 
Devotion. A devout man. Dexterous, clever- 
handed, skilful. Prosperous. 

p ^\JLuL>J 1 ab-dastan, (jj\iiJL*iio t ab-dastdan, 
or ^SutSi I ab-dasdan') An ewer, any vessel from 
which water is poured upon the hands. A wash- 
hand bason. Purification. Custom. Fraud. 

p .1 JjljuotJJ I ab-dastan-dar, An ewer-holder. 

P t/l?- CIaawiV t abdast-jay, A privy. 

p j^ Si\ abad-shahr, The eternal city, the fu- 
ture world. Name of a river. Name of a city. 

P ^^t^ 1 abdan, {ioTf^Si I abdari) A pond, lake, 
conflux of water. A drinking-vessel. A cucum- 
ber, a water-melon. 

A yiW^ dbdun, (pi. of yjiJJ badan) Aged moun- 

p f^SiiX>\ dbdanddn, Weak. Strong, firm. 
Fit, congruous. Base, mean. Rude, raw, igno- 
rant, inexperienced. A gambler who is always 
unsuccessful. A species of pomegranate. A kind 
of a pear. A tree. Herbage. Any fruit that 
soon dissolves in the mouth. A kind of sweetmeat. 

p »rjiiJ^ ubduj, A saddle-cloth, a felt-cloth. 

p »ii u— >1 db-dih, Splendour-giving. »0^l 
ir---'* dbdihi dost, One who graces the chief seat. 

A i^sA ahadiy, Eternal. For ever and ever. 

A w jj^ ahadiyat, Eternity. 

p (»l»- tSJ.ii (_-> I db-didijdm,Wme, or a draught. 

p iJw>;\}| db-dida, In teare, weeping. 

A >\Jo\ ibzdf, (v. n. 4 of ^jj forjjj) Being ob- 
bcene in conversation. 

A ft^jj^ ibzd^, (v. n. 4 of cjj) Terrifying. 

p (j^ijl atean, Worthy. A household, family. 

Aj\jP'M\ ibzifrdr, (v. n. 4 of jC-Jj Q not used) 
Being divided, scattered, put to flight. Stretching 

( 9 ) 

out the legs when galloping in pursuit (a horse). 

a.\^m\ ibzikrdr, (v. n. 4 of jJ jj Q not used) 
Being dispersed, scattered in every direction. 
Being blended, amalgamated (blood and water). 

Xj>\ dbir, One who fecundates palm-trees. 
Abur, (pi. of jJJ bi^r) Wells. Name of a village 
in Sijistan. 

Pj}\ abr, A cloud. A man. j^\j>\ ohri dzur, 
November-clouds, t^^jji^ dbri i-uydli, A swift- 
flying cloud. ^_ffJii^ j>\ abri sahari, Moming- 
clouds. jojJ ^J-i*u j^\ abri sumbul-yun, A black 
cloud. jy» j\ abri ser, (or \^\jMji\ abri ser-db) 
A cloud full of water, ^jij-jl* jI abri turvash, 
(A Sinai-resembling cloud) A strong and large- 
bodied horse, i^ j^^ ''diri kuhan, or it^j«j)\ abri 
murda, A sponge. /o^"~^ ji^ ^^'^ naysan, Ver- 
nal-clouds. Cold rain. Ahar, (for^ bar) On, 
upon, above. According to. The bosom. A kind 
of lute. Confections, preserved fruits. The 
curved part of a bow. An artery. (in zand 
and pazand) Penis. 

Aji\ abara, (fut. JU yatbiru) He pricked. 

Aj)\ abr, (v. n. of j\) Pricking with the point 
of the tail (a scorpion). Giving (a dog) a needle 
in (his) food. Destroying, i-uining. Defaming, 
reproaching. Fructifying the female palm-tree by 
the sprinkling of the flowers of the male. Dress- 
ing, fertilizing a sown field. Being good, excel- 
lent. A puncture, sting, point or prominent part 
of any thing. Ibar, (pi. of iji\ ibrat) Needles. 
Points, prickles. Stings. Tips of elbows, or 
hough-bones. Shoots of dwarf palm-trees. 

A jJl abarr, More or most just, juster, justest. 
More or most exemplary in duty to parents. Fur- 
thest removed into the desert. Jby\ '^J^'^ J^^ 
aslahu 'I farab abarruhum, The best of the Arabs 
are those who live furthest in the desert. 

A Aj>\ abrdi, (pi. of ^^ barii) Free, discharged, 
absolved. Ibrds, (v. n. 4 of j^) Liberating, dis- 
charging, remitting, releasing, delivering from 
danger. Healing, restoring to health. Entering 
upon the first or last day or night of the month. 
»*ii ^^1 ibrdn zimma, Release from responsibility, 
quittance from obligation. A safe conduct. 

A A^\ ibrdt, (v. n. 4 oi\^_ for jjjJ), Putting a 
ring through a camel's nose. (v. n. 4 of ijj>) 
Arriving at, reaching (soil or sugar-cane). 

A 0]^1 ab7-dt, (pi. of OjJ bwf, bart, or birt) 
Guides. /ira<, Acuteness, shrewdness, cleverness. 

A ^\j>\ abrds, (pi. ofC^ji bars) Plain, level, 
soft grounds. 

A ^\i^ abrdj, (pi. of — jJ 6wr;) Towers. Signs 
of the zodiac, (pi. of -jyJ baraj) Beautiful, clear, 
shining. Ibrdj, (v. n. 4 of —j) Building a tower. 

A --V^ ibrdh, (v. n. 4 of _V) Honouring, mag- 
nifying. Causing surprise. Giving pleasure. 

A C>\j>\ abrdd, Stages, posts, halting-places. 


(pi. of ^j> burd) Striped stufis. Ibrdd, (v. n. 4 of 
(ij>) Bringing (any thing) cold. Presenting cooled 
liquor. Experiencing cold weather. Sending 
a Berid or courier. Entering on the close of the 
day. Weakening. 

Aj\j)\ abrdr, (pi. of J burr) Wheats, (pi. of 
jO bdrr) Just, holy, pious, dutiful. Ibrdr, (v. n. 
4 of jJ) Accepting, justifying. Departing for the 
desert, and continuing there. Swearing an oath 
according to truth. Increasing (offspring), mul- 
tiplying (people). Overcoming, conquering. Lead- 
ing (sheep) home from water. 

A'^j>\ ibrdz, (v. n. 4 ofj j) Producing, pub- 
lishing, bringing out. Undertaking. Setting 
out on a journey. Taking the pure go\d,\>j>\ ibriz. 
Proof, document. An edition, p jV^ J rr^*" 
(^i>,_j I ihtijdj u ibrdz dwardan, To adduce proofs 
and documents. 

A iJo\>\ ibrds, (v. n. 4 of ^__>tf^) Afflicting with 
leprosy. Bringing forth a leprous child. 

A {^]j^\ abrdz, (pi. o^t^j> barz) Few. Ibrdz, 
(v. n. 4 of i^joJ) Producing young grass, just 
sprouting above ground. 

A ^\j)\ab?-dk,(jpl.o{^jjibarak)'Lsm.hs. Ibrdk, 
(v. n. 4 of i5y) Casting forth lightning (the sky). 
Being visited or terrified by lightning. Menacing, 
threatening. Giving false signs of pregnancy 
(a camel). Making (a sword) gleam. Mixing 
water with oil. Shewing (her) face (a woman). 
Starting (game). Sacrificing (a pie-bald sheep). 
Quitting, abandoning. Flash, glitter, coruscation. 
Pouring a little oil on water. 

A i^V^ ahrdk, (pi. of w^ btirkat) Certain 
aquatic birds, white and small. Ibrdk, (v. n. 4 of 
(.iv) Making (a she-camel) kneel down. Rain- 
ing incessantly. 

A »\j\ abrdm, (pi. of aj> bararn) Those who re- 
fuse to go partners with gamesters. Ibrdm, ( v. n. 4 
of*,j>), Twisting (a rope) tight. Doing business 
well. Observing strictly (a treaty). Wearying, 
disgusting. Urgency, importunity. Producing 
berries (a thorn), and unripe grapes (a vine). 

p «i]^ I db-rdna, Travelling by water. 

p l\j>\ aJ-mA, A canal, conduit, pipe, aqueduct, 
water-course, channel of a river ; anyplace through 
which water flows. 

A l\ji\ ibrdh, (v. n. 4 of tj)) Adducing indis- 
putable proofs or miracles. Overcoming. 

A *\*U?^ ibrdhdm, Abraham. 


A (t^\^'^ ibrdhum, Abraham. 

p Afclj 1 db-rdha, A water-course. A lachry- 
mal duct. 

A **fcVj^ ibrdk'im. The patriarch Abraham, sur- 
named 1^\ an nab'iy, The prophet, or ^\ (J-li- 
MaWM'//a/t, The friend of God. Zoroaster. Name 
of a moimtain in Karamania. 


A ^\**]j>\ ibrah'imi}/, Name of a black fruit. 
jj^«*5y^\ al ibrah'mxyuna, Certain companions 
of Muhammad, twelve in number. 

A lj>\ibrat, (pi. CJ^J^ ibarat,ji\ ihar, andjb^ 
ibar) A needle. The sfing of a scorpion. The 
point of any thing. Tip of the elbow, or of the 
hough of a horse. A shoot or sucker of the tree 
JiU viuhl. Detraction, slander. A kind of tree 
resembling the fig. ^_f■]J^ ij^ ibratu'r ra^, 
Crane's bill (a plant). 

A —j)S abrajfOne who has fine handsome eyes. 

p ^^J>\ ahrajan, A bracelet. An anklet. 

A -J^abrah, More or most heavy, or grievous. 

A ^j>\ abrahh , One whose back bends inwardly. 

A dj>\ abrad, Colder. A cloud showering hail- 
stones. Speckled white and black (a bull), (pi. 
^b^ abarid) A male leopard. iji'iS ^\ abu 'I 
abrad, Name of a follower of Muhammad, ^j^ 
iijAhumma! oArcwi, The cold fit of anague. Ahrud, 
(pi. of iJji burd) Stripedstuflfe. Upper garments. 

A jo^ii|>^\ cd abradani (dual). The two colds, 
i. e. the morning and the evening. The shades of 
morning and evening. 

A iiiji'^ abradat, A leopardess. Ibradat, Cold, 
chill in the belly. Ibridat, Chilliness. 

A C?ir?^ ibriziy, Pure (gold). 

A •'UjjI abratas, A kind of lily. 

P(^ j\ abrash, Spotted red and white. 

A ;_jij(aftra«/i, Dapple-gray, pie-bald (horse). 
(A spot) variegated with herbage of different kinds. 
Marked with white or coloured spots or points. 

A {^\mj>\ ibrishash, (v. n. 9 of ^ji^) Being 
pie-bald (a horse). 

p i^jJ^j^ O^^ dbrash-khTvurshed, The sky. 

p jJ^j>^ abrasham, Silk, sewing silk. 

p (»-»f?^ abrashami, A silk-merchant. A 
silk-worm. Silken. 

Vj^ji\ abrshahr, (High town) the old name 
for Nishabur, one of the four cities in Khurasan. 

A {^ji^ abras, Leprous. Spotted (animal) 
from bites of insects. („>»;>^^ al abras, The moon. 
\^j>\ (.L* samm. abras, (pi. \^j>\ 'l\yj» sawamm 
abras, or "iSy^ sarvamm, "i^Jf birasat, or LioX>\ 
id)aris) A species of large lizard. 

A ^j>\ abraf. Bigger, bulkier, thicker. 

A ^jfi\JlS-j>\ ibri/jhshash, (v. n.4 of jjiiP J Q not 
used) Recovering from a disease being healed, and 
rising up and walking. 

v\l^j)\ ab-raft, Any thing carried down by 
the current. Water spilled or dried up. A stone 
which imbibes water. Ab-ntft, A stone worn 
smooth by water flowing over it. A sprinklin<T 
of water previous to sweeping. 

A Jji^ abrah, Conspicuous. Pie-bald, black 
and white. Of difierent coloured hairs (rope). 
Any thing varied, black and white, having also a 
shining appearance (as the eye). Name of a bird. 

( 10 ) 

(pi. JjV^ abarik) A coarse, stony, sandy, soil. 
Lapis specularis, talc. A certain medicine. 

p ii\-J>^^ abar-kubad, Name of a country. 

A »jS;j\ abarkuh, Name of a city in Persia ; 
also of a village near Nishapur. 

p l1}j>\ abrah, A little cloud. A sponge. 

A ^j>\ abrah. More or most blessed. 

p .\^\ abrkdr, Astonished, confounded, stupe- 
fied, amazed. 

p \f^j}\ abarhakiya, (or \^\^s^%j>\ abarha- 
kiyab) A cobweb. 

A i\j^ji\abarhubad,'Name of a city in the pro- 
vince of Arrajan, lying between the districts of 
Pars and Ahwaz. 

p tyj>^ abar-hoh, Name of a town in Chaldea, 
or the Arabian Irak. Also of another in the Per- 
sian Irak, which is commonly supposed to be the 
ancient Persepolis, distant 20 parasangs or 80,000 
paces from Ispahan. It is situated on the sum- 
mit of a mountain, as the name implies. 

A mJi\ abram, Name of a place. A sort of 
plant. A sort of disease. 

P yj^iiU^^ abarmadaran, A kind of sweetmeat. 

A 5Ujj\ abi-imat, (pi. of J^ buram) Tikes. 

p uU^\ abmah, Cloudy. 

A ^^j>'^ ibrintds, A preparing of one's self. 

p [j:^j>\ abranjin, (or i^j>^ abranjan) A 
bracelet. An ankle-ornament (of gold or silver). 

A e^iJ;^^ ibrinzas, (v. n. 3 of ci^ Q) Prepa- 
ring, making ready for, 

A jliJ;j\ ibrinshdk, (v. n. 3 of J^ Q) Being 
joyful. Flourishing(atree), expanding (a flower). 

F jj}\ db-?-u, (or t/j>y 1 db-ruy) (Water of the 
face) Dignity, honour, renown, glory, reputation. 
Rank, office. Elegance, gracefulness. Sweat. 
Held in estimation by the great, yiib jJ\ db-ru 
dddan, To pay respect. i,J^j jjJ I dh-ric rekhtan, 
To disgrace, {^^f ^^ db-ru hardan, To honour. 
jiC*> ^3ji^ ab-ruyi «/ia/tr, The chief magistrate of 
a city. ^^^.tS- {^j)j>\ db-ruyi fashar. The com- 
mander of an army. 

p jj>\ abru, The eye-brow. ^j'^^ jj^^ abru 
chldan, To knit the brow, ^^ii\ ^J>\ abru zadan, 
To nod, wink, beckon, approve by motion of the 
'^Y^- jj u]; fj^j^y abrumi zdl-zar. The new moon. 
I**^ ^Jij^y abrumi sanam The mandrake. 

P li)li;^^ '^b^^^an, The eye-brows. Morning 
and evening. 

P iijj> ! db-rud, A hyacinth. A water-lily. 
P Jjj/?^ abruz, (or corruptly Alborz) Name of a 
mountain near Hamadan in Pei-sia. 

P (•*^J(^' abru-sanam, The mandrake. 

P (^Ir* 3^^ abru-firdkht, Cheerfulness. 

P {^•fjr abru-kan, Tweezers. 

P yji/?' dbrun, Houseleek, sempervivum. 

^ df^Jj^^ abrunitan, (in zand and Paz.) To die. 

P (^jji I db-ravi, A going through water : an oar. 


Aj^j^\ abrawayz, {or^jj>\ abrawdz) Name of 
a Persian king. 

P tj>\ abra, The outside of a garment or cap. 
Ibara, First fruits ; early fruit. Ubara, A bustard. 

A tj>\ abrah, White, fair, and ruddy. 

P ^Wl aharhdm, Nature, essence. Name of 
an angel. Abraham. 

A ii>ji\ abrahat, A name proper to three kings 
of Yaman. 1. d^J^ i^ *V^ abrahat binu'l 
hdi-ith, called also jU^l ji zu 'I mandr. 2. 'ii>ji\ 
_\la3\ j^ abrahat binu's sabbdh, celebrated for 
his learning and generosity. 3. '^_^^ ^j^"^^ **r?^ 
abrahat al ashram al habashiy, (called also jj\ 
■J. <^ abu yahsum). In the Kur'an the latter is 
styled Lord of the elephant. 

p isi>j>\ dbraha, A kind of bird. Name of a 
general, called also J-a5^ jhzu 'I fit, who made an 
unsuccessful attempt to take Mecca. 

p »S«JSfJ^ ibrahimiya, A kind of broth. 

P ^eJ}\ abri. Clouded, variegated, lifro ^jji\ 
abr'i hdghiz, A kind of thick and shining paper 
(clouded from Kashmir). 

A (Vj\ i6ny, Sharp, aculeate. A needle-dealer. 

A ■*U;j) abriidt, (pi. of ijiji barif,) Free, clear, 
discharged, absolved, (pi. of f^jji bar'ii) Pure. 

A 'k>j>\ ih-iyat. Scurf on the head, dandruff'. 

A ^Ji\ ibrij, A churn. 

p \>J\ db-rez, A vessel used in baths for pour- 
ing water over the head and body. A bucket. A 
water-pipe, a spout. A drain, a ditch. A water- 
closet, privy. A spade. 

A \>ji\ ihrtz, Pure gold. 

p ^JiJ>^ i-r'l db-rezdn, Name of an ancient Per- 
sian festival, in which each person sprinkles rose- 
water on his neighbours. 

p (o^j^.j^ 1 dbrezgdn, A festival among the Ar- 
menians, Chaldeans, or Persians, during which the 
people in their visits sprinkle one another with 
orange-flower, rose, or pure water. It falls upon 
the thirteenth day of the month TTr, corresponding 
nearly to our September. A sort of food. 

A jt^ji^ ibrisam, or abrisam, Silk. 

p jJ^j^\ abrisham or abrtshum. Silk. The string 
of a musical instrument. juxu> j,t^ji\ abrishami 
sitabr, The bass string of a musical instrument. 

p ^jfLij\ abrishanii, Silken. 

p jfjJ^S\ abreshim. Silk. 

" >j>\ abreshlmtn, Silken. 

A /^j>\ ibrik, A bright, shining sword. Bright- 
streaked (bow). Handsome and beautiful (wo- 
man), (pi. ^J?jb\ abdr'ih) An ewer, a water-pot 
with a spout, a jug. 

A ^}^jA ibruldl, (v. n. 4 of jl^ Q) Ruffling 
up his feathers when preparing to fight (a bird). 

A i^.j>\ abrtn, Name of a sandy tract in Arabia. 

Ay>\ abaza, (fut.JJU. yarbazu) He leaped. 

Aji\ abz, (v. n.ofJj\) Leaping, bounding. Stop- 


ping suddenly, and then rushing forward with ve- 
locity. Assaulting, insulting, injuring. Dying sud- 
denly. Abiz, Leaping, springing, bounding (deer). 

A >\^\ ibza^, (v. n. 4 of Uj for j p) Suckling, 
giving suck. Overpowering, seizing, carrying off 
by force. Raising the hips in walking. 

PjUjI abzar, A kind of carrot or parsnip, 

AjIjjI abzar, (pi. ofjlJ bazr) Pot-herbs, (pi. 
jjjbl abaz'ir) Pot-herbs, or spiceries for seasoning. 

p i^^yj^^ abzardan, A spice-box, a pepper-box. 

A jjiTjUjlafoariy, A seedsman. ^j>\\>\abzari- 
yun, Certain reporters of Muhammadan traditions. 

A J\jj\ ibzal, (v. n. 4 of Jjj) Breeding the tooth 
called I— -'u nab in his ninth year (a camel). 

A |»hj^ ibzam, (v. n. 4 of f\f) Giving (a thou- 
sand), (pi. fjo\ dbazim) A buckle. 

A ^\A abzakh, One who has a protuberance on 
the breast and hollowness in the back. 

p >}j\ abzar, Name of a mountain near Hama- 
dan in Persia, about 150 leagues west of Ispahan. 

p vJji. yl a6-«M7T(/i;, A cucumber, water-melon. 
An isle. 

p jjj^l ah-zan, (Casting water) A particular 
kind of bathing-vessel made of copper or iron, the 
full length of the human body, filled with warm 
water medicinally prepared, in which the patient 
sits or lies down. The bason of a fountain. Im- 
parting tranquilUty of mind, consoling, consolatory, 
(imperative) Console, appease. 

A (jjj\ ahzan, ibzan, or ubzan, A bath, a laver, 
sometimes made of brass. 

p i>}ji>JjJ I ab-zand-rud. Name of a river which 
runs through Ispahan. Our travellers call it Sen- 
derut. The name implies. The river of living 
water, being formed from a collection of several 
springs into one channel. 

p ij)\ ab-zik, Water flowing from a fountain, 
or a corner of the eye. Liquid pressed through 
a cullender or strainer. Pincers. 

A (_yjj\ abza', One who has a protuberance of 
the breast and the back bent. Abaza', (v. n. of 
\>\) Leaping, springing, bounding. 

P j^JJJj) abzidan, To fill. 

p sliT^^T ab-zir-hah, (Water under straw) A 
splinter, thorn in the flesh. A hypocrite, dissem- 
bler. A secret fomenter of mischief. One whose 
merit lies concealed. 

A fij>\ ibz'vm, (pi. £^\ abaz'im) A buckle. 

A y>}^^ ibz'in, (pi. ^^..^\ abdzin) A buckle. 

Pj) I abaj, Sparks of fire. A kind of grass. 

p ^J»J\ abas. Name of a city. 

A ^J«Jl abasa,(fut. f^yJ^_yarbim) He rebuked. 

A (j-Ji afe«,(v.n.ofu«j\) Rebuking, reproving, 
reproaching. Frightening. Throwing in one's 
teeth whatever is disagreeable ; treating unkindly. 
Subjecting, mastering, bringing under subjection, 
conquering, overcoming. Incarcerating. Con- 

( 11 ) 

temning, disdaining, scorning. Rough unequal 
ground. A male tortoise. Sterility. A baiTen 
spot. lbs. Rough ground. A bad origin, 

A A^\ ibsas, (v, n, 4 of U-J) Making (any one) 
familiar or accustomed to. 

PjL«j\ absar, A whetstone. 

AjL^\ ibsar, (v, n, 4 ofj*MJ) Doing or asking 
any thing prematurely or unseasonably. Bearing 
dates in the stage called j*«<J brisr (a palm-tree). 
Taking the scab off" a sore before it is healed. Mix- 
ing unripe with ripe dates in order to press the juice 
from them. Being out at sea (a ship). Digging 
in ground seized by force. 

A (_)<jU»j1 ibsas, (v. n. 4 of \Jy^') Calling to ca- 
mels in a coaxing way to drink or to be milked. 

A i9L-j\ absat, (pi of Ixk,^^ bist, bust, or busui) 
She-camels left at liberty with their colts. Ibsat, 
(v. n. 4 of Ja-^) Being left at liberty with her colt 
(a camel). Leaving (a camel) thus at liberty. 

A j\->"J^ ibsak, (v. n. 4 of Jj*«J ) Having beestings 
in her udder, just before foaling (a camel). 

p JL-J I dbsal, (or (o^^—J 1 dbsdlan), A garden. 

A (JL«j1 ibsdl, (v. n. 4 of J^) Forbidding, pro- 
hibiting, making unlawful. Betraying, abandon- 
ing, consigning to destruction. Exposing, Pledg- 
ing, pawning. Familiarising the mind with death. 
Cooking or drying (an unripe date). Appointing 
a lieutenant, deputy, factor or agent. 

p ^^\^ \ dbsdn, A bracelet. 

A (j^—^^ i6.saw,(v,n,4of jo-j) Being beautiful. 

p (^Ju*» (_j 1 db-sabuk, Easy of digestion. 

p (JIa— J 1 dbasf. Orange-pulp. Abisf, Pregnant. 

p i_l'- ■ '^ abist, or ibast. Orange-pulp. 

p \jL-j\ o6w<a. Name of a book which the Magi 
of Persia attribute to the Patriarch Abraham, whom 
they suppose to be the same with Zarddasht or Zo- 
roaster. It is an explanation of the two books 
called the Zand and Pdzand; comprehending, with 
these volumes, the whole religious system of the 
Magi or adorers of fire ; who have a tradition that 
Abraham repeated them in the midst of a furnace, 
into which he had been thrown by orderof Nimrod. 

p (j\jk«-.> 1 dbistdn. Pregnant, 

p »3\JL^ I dbistdna, A caldron, pot, kettle, vat, 

p^p.L»Jl abistagi. Pregnancy, 

p ijw) I a&Mten, Pregnant, Concealed, jJU-jI 
y J-S» dbistan shudan, To be with young, [^x^ ' 
ilbj dhutanifarydd, or (j\j^ ^^^ (jj^-^ 1 dbrs- 
tani farydd-hhwdn, A kind of harp or lute. 

p slClJiLjl dbistan-gdh, A lying-in chamber. 
A privy. 

p -• " ■■■ 'I dhistani, Pregnancy, conception. 
Pregnant. A kind of lute. 

p «Jk.M.> I dbasta, Ground prepared for sowing. 
A spy, A flatterer, Abista, Pregnant, An 
animal with young. The womb, 

p t!LtS\ abista, A spy. A flatterer. 

p i>j*-J I db-sard. Jelly, 

p ^J(^J*>^ I db-sardan, A gonorrhoea, 

p (^li;— J 1 db-sardi. Water cooled by the wind, 

p J>-a.«j I db-safed, A pearl on the eye, 

p y^£>«J 1 dbisgun, (or ^J^^\ abisgun) Name 
of an island formerly existing in the Caspian sea at 
three parasangs distance from Astarabad, 

vj\yj^ I a6-««n/ar, (Floating on water) A bubble. 

p jjUl-*} 1 db-siydn, Tears. 

p jbu^ I db-siydh, (or i^Xut t— »T dbisiydh) Tears. 

PjJU-jI db-sayr. Easy-paced (horse). 

A (jiJi abisli, (or (jtJi abaslish) One who de- 
corates the court or vestibule of another's house, 
and places in it meat and drink (a custom which 
prevails in Arabia, especially on the arrival of 
strangers, when every friendly neighbour brings 
his ornaments, his victuals, and liquor, to the house 
where they reside, in order to assist in their enter- 

p (jSj I dbish, Abyssinia. 

A (jSjI absh, (v. n. of i^\) Collecting. 

A (_^) abaslish, Smiling-faced. 

p jLi) (_-J I db-shdr, A waterfall, a cataract. 

aJJ:J\ abshdr, (pi. otjLi basilar) Men, mor- 
tals. Skins, outer cuticles, epidermes, scarfskins. 
Ibshdr, (v. n, 4 of -Sj) Rejoicing at good news. 
Announcing good news. Putting forth its verdure 
or gay clothing (the earth). Doing well or hand- 
somely. Blessing with beauty and every orna- 
mental excellence. Shaving, scraping, peeling, 

A (_j«Lij\ ibshdsh, (v. n. 4 of ^_^) Having lux- 
uriant, entangled herbage (ground). Putting forth 
its early grass. 

A )o[^\ ibslidt, (v. n. 4 oflaij) Making haste. 
Hastening another, 

A cLSj^ ibshdgh, (v, n, 4 of j^) Moistening 
with a slight shower, 

A ^\^\ ibshdm, (v, n, 4 of *ij) Disagreeing 
with any one (indigestible food), 

p C^.M,) I a&a«/tf,Concealed, hidden, covered up. 

p t\SlL>\ dbashta-gdh, abishta-gdh, (ajiiijl 
dbashta-gah, dbishta-gah, slCJLiJ I dbisUtan-gdh or 
aXiJLiJi abishtan-gah,) A place of concealment, A 
back yard where rubbish is thrown ; a privy, 

p i^^^\ dbishtan (or dbashtan),To hide, cover, 

p ;J<-ij\ abishtan. To conceal, 

p j^iS^I dbish-khwur, A cistern, a watering- 
place, reservoir. The bed of a river, A fountain- 
head, A drinking-vessel. Fortune, chance, lot, 
portion. A dwelling, residence, halt, stay. 

A j^^ abshar, Handsomer, fairer, fatter. 

P JL>\ dbsham, The cone of silk in which the 
worm encloses itself, the cocoon. A coarse kind, 
or refuse, of silk. 

p ^^^ I dbishan, A bridegroom's shirt. 

p (^jJ^l^ I db-shinds, Skilful in discovering 
springs, or conveying water by aqueducts. A 

pilot. The man who keeps a look out for shoals 
from the mast-head. Intelligent, expert, familiar 
with fundiiraontal truths. 

p (.L^i^ijI tth-fhawj, The bathing vessel de- 
scribed under ^^y> I ab-zan. 

p tjJLA ab-nhora, Water cooled with saltpetre. 
p |_->*_M abshib, A channel for water flowmg 
from high grounds. 

A i^ja)\ab.t, (v.n.of (.^^) Being nimble, brisk, 
sprightly. Abis, Sweet, fleet. 

aX>a>\ absar, (pi. of^^^ bamr) Eyes, looks. 
Perceptions by the eye. Ibsar, (v. n. 4 oijto)) 
Looking at, seeing. Judging, thinking. Gomg to 
Basra. Causing to see. 

A (_>aUa^^ ibsm, (v. n. 4 of ijo^) Flowing, 
distilling, trickling (water). Producing its ear- 
liest crop (the gi-ound). 

A jUx)^ ibsak, (v. n. 4 of JwaJ) Letting her 
milk flow (a ewe). 

A -aJ^ ahsar, More or most clear-sighted. 

A f-a^^ absaf. All, universal. Foolish. 

A ij^\ absinat, (pi. of ^J^ btisan) Months 
of Rabi the Second. 

A {,ja)\ abz, (v. n. of i^jai\) Binding the fore 
foot of a camel with a rope (the knees being bent) 
to the shoulder. Hurting the nerves or tendons by 
such Ugature. A widening, an unloosing. Mo- 
tion. Rest. Ubz, The inside of the knee of a man, 
or of the elbow of a camel. (pi. (_>^V ' obaz, An 
age. Abcu, (v. n. of (_>oj\) Contracting, shrinking 
(the hip-ner\'e). Uhuz, (pi. of \jo\>\ ibdz) Ropes 
with which they fasten the feet of camels, as above. 

A t^\)Oj\ibzaz, (v. n. 4 of ;_>aJ) Giving little. 

A eV<aJ^ ibzaf, (v. n. 4 of *«aJ) Sorting goods 
for sale. Sending a lot or sample. Declaring, 
making clear. Answering categorically. Quench- 
ing one's thii-st (water). Satisfying any one with 
regard to what he asks. Giving in marriage. 

A MJ\ abzaf. Lean, emaciated. 

A )a>\ abt, (v. n. of laj\) Humbling, abasing 
(God). Ibt, or ibit, (pi. i»bT ahat) The arm-pit. 
Ibt, The smaller particles of sand. The extremity 
of a sandhill. Name of a place in Arabia. 

A *UaJ^ ihtat, (v. n. 4 of ^k^) Delaying, pro- 
ceeding slowly, tarrying, lingering. Having a 
sluggish horse or other beast of burden, that lags 
behind the rest. Retarding, hindering. 

A ^UaJ^ ibtakh, (v. n. 4 of Joj) Having melons 
in abundance. 

A jUa^\ ihtar, (v. n. 4 oijiaj) Astounding, ter- 
rifying. Making petulant and saucy. Overload- 
ing. Lessening, diminishing the means of sup- 
port, and enfeebling the body. 

A (^UaJ^ ibiash, (v. n. 4 of (jtlaJ) Seizing or 
carrying away by force. 

A IsUaj) ibtat, (v. n. 4 of £j) Purchasing a jar 
of butter. 

( 12 ) 

A J\laj\ abtal, (pi. of Jia^ batal) Brave war- 
riors, heroes. Ibtal, (v. n. 4 of JiaJ) Making void, 
abolishing, rendering fruitless and abortive. Talk- 
ing idly, jesting. DeaUng in trifles and vanities. 
Negation, repeal. 

A ft3\iaj\ ibtalat, A false, vain, trifling thing. 
Vanity, falsehood. 

A jjUaj\ ibtan, (v.n. 4 of j^)Girthingabeast. 
Girding on a sword. Lining a garment. Admit- 
ting one to intimate friendship. 

A Jaj\ abtah, (pi. \>\j\ abatih) Low-lying, gra- 
velly ground. 

A jiaJ^ abtar, Thick and prominent-lipped. 

A «laJ^ abtoi, One who has the inner part of the 
lips whitish, as among the Ethiopians. Toothless, 
particularly in the lower jaw. 

A JiaJ^ abtal, More or most vain, or fruitless. 

A ^J^\ abtan, A vein in the lower part of the 
fore-leg of a horse. Abtun, (pi. of ^Ja^ batn) Bel- 
lies. The inner parts of any thing. Small sec- 
tions of a tribe. (J^\ 'ijlis- ^sharatu abtunin, 
Ten bellies or colts. ^JhA 'ijLS' Oii3j maladat 
foskarata abtunin, She brought forth a tenth child. 

A aJJajl abtinat, (pi. of ^^\> batin) Inward 
parts. Low grounds, (pi. of ^^UaJ i?'<a«) Girths. 

A «J_jlaj\ ubtulat, A false, vain, trifling thing. 
Vanity, falsehood. 

A r^^ ibfiy, Axillary. ^[[^^^ al ibfiy, The 
axillary vein. 

A ii>Uaj\ ibzaz, (v. n. 4 of laj) Becoming fat. 

A^oA abzar, Uncircumcised. One who has a 
protuberance in the middle of the upper lip. 

A Ajo\ ibM,s, (v. n. 4 of ViO for yti^ Lending. 
Exciting to the commission of sin. Impregnating. 

A d[)0\ abtad, (pi. of i>*J bufd) Distances. iiljo\ 
«J^ ab^adi saldsa, The three distances, i.e. Length, 
depth, and breadth. Ib^ad, (v. n. 4 of tSjO) Going 
to a distance. Placing at or di-awing to a distance. 

A jUj\ ab^r, (pi. of jO) 6a»r) Excrements of 
camels or sheep. Ibfar, (v. n. 4 of jo) Purging 
the intestines. 

A (_>a\jol ab^z, (pi. of tj«a«J bafz) Parts of a 
thing. Ibniz, (v. n. 4 ofi^jaio) Aboimding in gnats. 

A )o\jo\ ibMit, (v. n. 4 of ia*^) Placing at a dis- 
tance. Removing to a distance (particularly with 
cattle for the benefit of pasture). Exceeding bounds 
in ignorance or turpitude. Going beyond one's 
power. Being made to undertake what is beyond 
one's power. Fleeing, running away. Pride. Ig- 
norance. An indecent word, a shameful act. 

A ^\ ab^d, (pi. i^{>\ aba^d) Very remote. 
Profit, advantage. A traitor. ,ix>\jS- ghayr db- 
^adin, Wortliless. 

A 'ij)o\ ab^rat, (pi. of^^ ba^r) Camels four 
years old, or nine years old. 

A >Uj\ ibffhaj:, (v. n.4ofj_^) Seeking, en- 

quiring for another. Assisting another in search- 
ing for any thing. Rendering one insolent and re- 
bellious (prosperity). 

A t_yiU)\ ibghash, (v. n. 4 of ^JJS) Moistening 
with a slight shower. 

A ^^\abghaz,{]i[. of^^bughz) Hatreds. Ib- 
ghaz,{v.n. 4 ofe>iiJ) Bearing hatred, hating. Pro- 
voking, making hate. Holding (one) as an enemy. 
A (.l«ij) abgJias, Dusty, inclining to a brown or 
dusky colour. A dusty place. A variegated ram. 
A lion. i,^^^\alabghas,A\ion. A sort of bird. 

A »iiti\ abghisat, (pi. of Li.>lAJ baghaK, hughas, 
or bighas) Kites or birds of prey, of the inferior 
kind of the kawk-species. 

A i^jakiS abghaz, A great hater. Most odious. 

P <_:^^o' 1 abaft, A kind of coarse cloth. 

p iJo\ abfara, A stallion. 

A M^^ abfun. Berries of the wild olive. 

p r^ I abak, Quicksilver. 

A ^T aUh, (pi. j\j1 ubbah) Runaway (slave). 

A ^1 abaha, (fut. ^VU. yasbahi, or yasbikti) 
(The slave) absconded. 

A /i^\ abk or abak, (v. n. of Jjj)) Running away 
(a slave). Abak, A kind of bark of which they 
make ropes. Hemp, or the bark of it. 

A f\h\ ibkdt,(r. n. 4 o(^^) Confirming, esta- 
blishing. Keeping, preserving, hoarding, laying 
by. Pitying, regarding with compassion, sparing. 

A ijlfiJ^ ibkak, (v. n. 4 of jjj) Being loquacious 
and talkative. Doing on a large scale (good or 
evil). Bringing forth many children. Yeaning in 
a time of scarcity and being lean (a sheep). Going 
out (the sticks, straws, and rubbish of a valley). 

A Jlib\ ibkal, (v.n. 4 of Jiu) Being fmitful in 
pot-herbs or herbage in general. Having cattle 
feeding on pot-herbs. Sprouting (the beard of a 
youth). Making (the beard) sprout. Becoming 
green and flourishing (the plant t^^ rims). 

A ^Jm\ ibkan, (v. n. 4 of /^) Being fruitful, 
aboimding in produce. 

p A^\ abkar, Nitre, saltpetre. 

A ^\ abkaf, (A pye) variegated, black and 
white. Clad in patched raiment. 

A j^i ubltur, (pi. oi'lM bakarat)Cov/s, oxen. 

A ^^\ abka'. More or most lasting. 

p tiij I abak. Quicksilver. Measles, pimples, 
blotches. Abuk, Any thing watery. 

A lib I dbaka, (or tdi! i^\ aba laka) Woe to 
thee ! Name of a place. 

A (.db\ abak, (v. n. of(Jl>\) Being very fleshy, 
tib) ^ la abaka, There is no escape for thee. 
Abih, Dull, stupid, unskilful. 

A tib\ abakk, (pi. ^Ji.i bukkan) A severe sea- 
son (for cattle). One who takes care of the pro- 
perty of his relations. One who drives (asses, &c.) 
into a thronged compact body. One whose hand 
has been cut off. Very wise. Name of a place. 


A ^^\ ibkof, (v. n. 4 of ^io) Making one weep. 

Pj\Sjt aJ-^ar, A water-camer. A ciip-bearer. 
A wine-merchant. A drinker of wine. A jew- 
eller, polisher of gems. A distillery. 

Pj\^^ ahkar, Agi-iculture. 

Aj\ij\ abhar, (pi. of io hikv) Virgins, maidens. 
Ibkar, (v. n. 4 of io) Performing any thing in the 
morning. Making haste, taking time by the fore- 
lock. Coming to drink early in the morning (ca- 
mels). Causing (one) to rise betimes. Preceding, 
going before. The morning. 

p (?)00 1 ub-hari, A tax on the manufacture 
and sale of spirituous liquors, and intoxicating 
drugs. A distillery. 

A j»ojl ibham,(\. n.4 of^^) Silencing, striking 
dumb. Abstaining from cohabitation with a wife. 

p »x>l>J I ab-hama, A kind of sour and bitter 
.gruel or drink, prepared in different ways, for crea- 
ting appetite or aiding digestion. Sauce, condiment. 

p i5jJ>0 1 ab-habud, The China sea. An excel- 
lent sword. 

Aj$o\ dbkur, (pi. ofj$o bakr') Young camels. 

p (ji^ I ab-hash, A water-carrier, or drawer. 

p ^J:^ (_j1 ab-hashi, The drawing of water. 
f^itS .^i t-^ ! ab-kashi kardan, To di-aw water. 
^Q] j\^ gavi ab-kashi, An ox for drawing water. 

p {^j\Lij\ abkashm, A bracelet. 

p ^>0=^. I abham, A kind of serpent. 

A ^\ abham, (pi. jS^ bukm) Dumb. 

p s^l ab-huma, A dark-coloured and fetid wa- 
ter found in certain fish, applied in cases of fracture. 

p Sti^ I ab-kand, Any hollow channel excavated 
by the rushing of a torrent ; a place where water 
collects and stagnates. A pond. Name of a city. 

p jj^ I ab-kur, Miserly, chui-lish. 

A !fi\ abha', More or most of a weeper. 

p i,L^\ abag, Name of a town near Shiraz. 

p «JlX>l abgana, An abortion. 

p sUol ab-gah, The back and sides imder the 
short ribs. A pond, a cistern. 

p j\ jX) 1 ab-guzar, A ford, a ferry. An express. 

p jiX) I ab-guzar, A canal, a channel for water. 

p i^^i I— ^ I ab-gardan, A ladle. 

p (^C>jS\ ab-gardish, A whirlpool, an eddy. 
A fleet horse. Vertigo. Crop sickness. 

p .^\ ub-gur, A horse-trough, an aqueduct. 

p i£jj^\ ab-gur-Jiash, A worthless fellow. 

p ^^*t>\ ab-gun, Water-coloured, azure, liquid 
blue. The heavens. Glass. Ice. A bright 
sword. A kind of knife. A river. Starch mixed 
with blue. Name of a river flowing from Khwa- 
razm, and falling into the Caspian sea. J^ yj^T 
ab-gut) pill, The heavens. P l-S J-o ^^}^ I ab-gun 
sadaf, (or ^jJis i^^^ ab-gun hafas) The heavens. 
The sun and moon. -.jUa ^,j^ 1 db-gun-taram, 
The heavens. 

p »t^ab-gah,A watering-place,cistem,reservoir. 

( 13 ) 

p (_^l abag'i, Watery. 

PjOjI ub-glr, Any hollow place where water 
collects and stagnates ; a pool, pond, ditch. A wea- 
ver's brush for sprinkling yarn in the loom. 

p kJj\>jjSJ I ab-girndk, Full of pools and ditches. 

p mlJj 1 db-gina, Glass. A drinking-glass. A 
foil set under gems. A diamond. Wine. A lover's 
tears. ^w» »i^ I dbginan shanii, A name for the 
most transparent glass. (>j^ "-^^ ' dbginasi td- 
ram, The heavens. 

p «j\i- «JuU I dbg'ina-hhdna, A glazed house. 
A room hung with mirrors. The first heaven. 

p 5 *xJo 1 dbginagar, A glass-maker. 

A ,_)j 1 dbal, More or most expert in the tending 
and management of camels. Abil, (pi. Jb\ ubbdl) 
(A camel) which supplies the absence of water by 
fresh gi-ass. A possessor of camels. Expert in the 
management of camels or sheep. 

A (Jj\ abl, (v. n. of ^^) Possessing many ca- 
mels ; being skilful and careful in the management 
of them. Being numerous (camels). Making ca- 
mels graze for any one. Supplying by green herb- 
age the absence of water (cattle). Wandering and 
pasturing without a keeper (camels), straying, run- 
ning away. Abstaining, refraining. Being reli- 
gious, devout. Overcoming, conquering. Striking 
with a stick. Consti-ucting a parapet round a well. 
Abl, or ubl, A date, fresh or dry. Ibl, or ibil, (pi. 
Jbl dbdV) A camel, the camel species. Clouds 
fraught with rain. Ubl, (pi. of ,J->.\ abiV) Christian 
monks. Abal, (v. n. of ^^\) Being skilful in the 
management of camels or sheep. Becoming nu- 
merous (camels). Depression of spirits, oppression 
of the stomach (from bad air or indigestion). Ahil, 
Skilful in the management of camels or sheep. A 
possessor of camels. A corpulent camel. JJbid, 
Grass or stubble remaining after reaping or mow- 
ing, or left uncropped by cattle. Jj\ ^1 ibl ubbal, 
Camels straying without a keeper. 

p ^y>\ abil, The lesser cardamom. Abul, Name 
of a stringent medicinal plant. 

A ^y}\ aball, More or most humid, moist. A 
perjured man, a wicked wretch. A fornicator. 
Shameless. Inaccessible. Close-fisted, covetous. 
One who delays payment of a debt. Quarrelsome, 
contentious. Cruel, tyrannical. Smooth, bare. 

A fi'^\ abldt, (pi. of j_^ baly, or_jb balm) Fa- 
tigued, emaciated (camels). Worn out with cares 
and misfortunes. Managers of money or other 
estates. Ibldt, (v. n. 4 of ^^ Wearing out a gar- 
ment. Trying, proving. Making one a partaker 
of any benefit. Swearing. Tendering an excuse 
or apology which is accepted. Requiring one to 
swear. Tying a camel to the grave of her deceased 
master. Having enough, being content. 

A 0>^\ ibldt, (v. n. 4 of C*b) Causing to 
swear, adjuring. Progeny, breed. 


A »r^^ ibldj, (v. n. 4 of Jj) Shining forth, ap- 
pearing (the dawn). Making clear. Exhilarating. 

A *-^^ ibldh, (v. n. 4 o( 1>) Bearing unripe 
dates called h balah, (a palm-tree). Fatiguing, 
tiring any one (travel). 

A (>5)j1 ablud, (pi. of liXi balad) Signs, marks. 
Ibldd, (v. n. 4 of 4>Jj) Cleaving to the earth ; being 
poor. Having a sluggish beast. Compelling to 
dwell in a place. 

A (^_>rt^\ iblds, (v. n. 4 of ^JJJ) Being astonied, 
confounded, broken-spirited, and silent from grief 
or eager desire. 

A l»i)o\ ibldt, (v. n. 4 of Lb) Sticking close to 
the ground. Becoming poor. Poverty. Impor- 
tuning, troubling. Stripping one of all his posses- 
sions. Paving with stones. Wetting the pavement. 

A ft^l ibld^ (v. n. 4 of *lj) Causing, allow- 
ing, or giving time to swallow. 

A ciwi ibldgk, (v. n. 4 of ib) Causing to arrive. 

A jib^ ibldk, (v. n. 4 of ^b) Opening wide 
a door. Shutting a door. Begetting pie-bald stock. 

A J5b\ ibldl, (v. n. 4 of J^J) Recovering from 
sickness. Escaping. Bearing fruit. Travelling. 
Becoming strait and narrow. Being weak (through 
mischief and wickedness). Straying, being lost 
(cattle). Becoming full of sap (a branch). Pre- 
vailing against, overcoming. 

A (.^l ibldm, (v. n. 4 of Jj) Being swollen (a 
man's lip). Wanting the male. Keeping silence. 
Exposing a foul deed. 

A (j^^ ibildni, Two troops of camels (as two 
flocks of sheep are called jjVjP ghanamdni). 

A i'^\ ibldh, (v. n. 4 of ^lb) Discovering one 
to be simple and ignorant. 

A «b\ ablat or abalat, Heaviness or oppression 
of spirits (from indigestion). A fault, crime. \J^ 
ftjjl tlAjkfci tsJii li^yj t-l-oS^ JU kullu mdlin ud- 
diyat zakdtuhu, fa had zahdbat abalatuhu. All 
cattle on which tithe has been paid are secure from 
disease. Iblat, Hostility, enmity. Ublat, A mur- 
rain, blight. A tribe. Abilat, A petition. Any 
thing wanted. Necessity, indigence. Prolificness. 

A ftbl ibillat. Progeny, tribe. Ubullat, Com- 
panions, tribes. Progeny. Dates bruised between 
two stones, and then milked upon. A lump of 
dates. ^Name of a very pleasant place near Basra. 
fya »b\ jj* jfe huma min ubullati sarvnn, He is 
of a bad stock. 

A JjI ablaj. One whose eye-brows are wide apart 
(in opposition to those which meet at the nose). 
Clear, bright, resplendent, evident. 

A -■'^ if>l'fij, (v. n. 9 of \i) Being clear. 

A ^r^\ ablah, The myrobalan-nut. 

A >-b\ ablahh. Proud (man). 

A jJo^ ablad, One whose eye-brows are distant. 
Corpulent. Dull, stupid. 

A ^\ ahlagh. More or most perfect, most ef- 

fectual. More or most emphatic. »^j ^' ab- 
laghu tcHJuhin, The most effectual of modes. 

A jb^ ablak, Pie-bald, black and white, party- 
coloured. The animal ^\j> hurah. A lute, harp. 
Name of a tribe. i>Ji^\ jb^^ al ablaku'lfard, 
Name of the fortress of b.5\fr j^ J'^-* sa^naw,al 
bin tadiya, said to have been built by Solomon, 
and considered impregnable. Jj**^^ J>^^^ **' 
ablaku' I ^akuh, The A&vtn. An impossibility. jb\ 
^ ahlak i ay nam. The world, p ^ Jjb< ai/«A« 
charMt, (or ciiji jb^ at/aAi/o/aA) ^ight and day. 
Time. The world. 

A jlab^ ihlihah, (v. n. 9 of jb) Being pie-bald. 
p ylJ^\ ablag, Pie-bald. Abalag or abiU), A 
spark of fire. 

A Ji\ ablavi, One who has swelled lips. Swol- 
len-lipj)ed (man). A kind of pot-herb like a bean. 
Ahhim, Mint, or ublam, The leaf of the bdellium. 
A tiJ\ ablamat, iblamat, or ublamat, The leaf 
of the bdellium-tree. «Jo^^ Jj^ sliahku'ldblanuit, 
In equal halves. 

A -\J^\ ihlindah, (v. n. 3 of -jb Q) Being 
spacious. Being broken down (a cistern). 

A cd3\jJJj\ iblindak, (v. n. 3 of ui) Jj Q) Being 
spacious (a place). Being broken down even with 
the ground (a cistern). 

A ^Lajb^ iblinsat, (v. n. 3 of j^*ab Q) Going. 
Coming out of. 

A e\flJb^ iblinha^ (v. n. 3 of jHb Q) Being 
dispelled (grief). Shining forth (the dawn). 

A jVflJj\ ibUnhak, (v. n. 3 of jab Q) Bemg 
very clear and distinct from othei-s (a road). 

p -.jbT abluj, {-.^\^ablu.j, or _jb^ ablucli) 
White sugar-candy. A .CJ^ rJ^^ vhluju 's suk- 
har, Sugar-candy. 

p <.±))b\ abluh, A double-faced man, a hypocrite, 
p «b I <(2)i/a, A blister, pimple. Small-pox. A 

bubble floatint; on the water. 


«bl ahilasi 

cha»hm, A pearl or white speck upon the eye. 
ud^ ^, »b I abilaA ruhhifalah, The stars. «b I 
J jj abUati roz, The sun. y^J^i »b 1 ahrla A. firing, 
The French or European pox, venereal disease. 

A ftb^ ablah, (pi. ftb bulk) Foolish, simple, ig- 
norant, stupid, oafish. One whose evil is dead or 
dormant ; good-natured, amiable. J^S* »b\ ablah 
^kul, Simple (from bashfulness) yet intelligent. 
»b\ ij^ ^yshun ahlahu, An easy life, free from 
care. «b\ v—^bul shabab ablah, Thoughtless, blun- 
dering youth : happy youtb,unacquainted with care. 

p »jdu«, ftbt abila-rasida. Blistered (hand). 

p }i>j jbl aii/a-?a<ii. Pock-marked. Measled. 

A (_5-t^^ ahlahl, Silliness, simpleness, ignorance. 

A r^\aiwfi^, A Christian monk. IbiRy,abaliy, 
or ibatiy, Possessed of, rich in camels. 

A r^^^ iblujaj, (\.n. 12 of h) Being clear. 

V j^b^l ^J^ fiiiu'l ibUz, Egyj)tian earth. 

A jj»i^^ '^^^> The devil, p (j»jul5 j> tj^AA 

( 14 ) 

iblU pur-talbis. The deceitful devil. 

p «JUjLb\ !bru<ana. Diabolically, like the devil. 

p *-«jJjT ahrvsa, A sower, a husbandman. 

A jd^\ ibUkak, (v. n. 11 of jb) Being very 
piebald (a horse). 

A jr^M^^ ibUldj, Clearness, lustre. 

A ^\ ibUm, Ambergris. Honey. 

A lAabamm, The bass string of an instrument. 

p JJL^\ ibmih, A coulter. A yoke of oxen. 

A ^^\ abn, (v. n. oi^^\) Suspecting, rendering 
suspected. Disgracing any one before his face. 
Becoming black (blood in a wound). Coagulation, 
clot, blackness (as of blood in a wound). Abin, 
Thick (soup). Dried (meats). Uban, (pi. of si)) 
ubnat) Enmities, secret grudges. Knots in wood. 

A ^^\ ibn, (pi. f\^\ abnas and (^yJ banun) A 
son. It is written ^^ bin when preceded by a pro- 
per name and followed by the name of the father: 
as, <ii^ ^^ (•T"^ hasan bin muhammad, Hasan 
son of Muhammad. Ujuo y> |^ y}^ ahu ^Uy 
bin s'lna. Father Ally, son of Sina. Name of a 
celebrated philosopher and physician, known in 
Europe by the name of Avicenna. i^JjI^ i^^ 
ibnu'l arz, (Son of the earth) A vegetable. f^\ 
^1 ihnu asa', A kind of bii-d. ^-^^ (j^ ibnu'l 
bah, A son. «^ ^Ji\ ibnu bukay^ A dog. ^^\ 
Aji\ ibnu'l barai,The first or last day or night of 
the month. J-f-J^ ^^\ ibmi' s sabil, (Son of the 
way) A traveller. (_jlsH' ^^\ ibnu's sahab, 
(Son of the cloud) Rain. ^^^ (^^ ibnu's subh, 
(Son of the morning) The sun. A bastard. f^\ 
(^ wS.S' ibnu fishrina, A youth of twenty. ^jA 
i^'yuW ibnu 'I tinab, (Son of the grape) Wine. ^^\ 
a\^\ ibnu'l ghamam, Hail. iil\ ^^\ ibnu' llah. 
The son of God. Unfortunate, unhappy. ^^\ 
•*l+\ ibnu'l mas, Any water-fowl. ioU ^J>\ ibnu 
muznat. The moon. «i£c ^^\ ibnu muhlat, Name 
of the inventor of the present Arabic character. 
iJi»-\_j3\ ^jj\ ift^m'Z wa/w(Z, Anonly son. tll^SJ) f^\ 
ibnu'l waht, A time-server, a sycophant. ^JA ^^\ 
ibnu awa', (pi. ^J^ I OUj banat awa') A jackal. 
txa- ^j>\ ibnu habbat, Bread, ^oj ^^ ibn zukas, 
(Child of the sun) The morning. 

A f\l>\ abrias, (pi. of f^\ ibn) Sons. Barba- 
rians, foreigners dwelling in Arabia Felix. (cU^) 
(jV J lH^ abnati ins u jan, Men and genii. 
(j«i»- f\^\ abnaAjins, Persons of rank or condi- 
tion. ijji> Asj\ abnasi darza. Mean, ignoble men. 
{^\c^ c^W^ abnaAjahan, Men, animals, or plants. 
^i> ^j\^\ abnaA dahr, {^J^j ij^^ abnaA zamHn, 
jjoS- i/^\ abnaA ^asr, ovjojjj ^j\u>\ abnaA roz- 
gar) Sons of the age, cotemporaries. Ibnd^, (v. 
n. 4 of ^_^) Ordering a building to be erected. 
Giving one a building or the means of erecting a 
building. Fattening. 

A ^Uj\ ibnaj, (v. n. 4 of ^) Professing to be 
allied to a great family. 

P ^^y^\^\ abnakhon, A fortress. 

A {j.i\^\ ibnas, (v. n. 4 of ^_yM not in use) 
Fleeing from, shunning (evil). 

A jlu\ ibnak, (v. n. 4 of Jl>) Planting a sin- 
gle palm-shoot. 

p iJJUjT abnak. Moist, watery, succulent, juicy. 

A J^\ ibnan, (v. n. 4 of (t,J) Staying, stopping 
or being confined in a place. 

A !jj^\ abnmviy, Barbarous, applied to stran- 
gers resident in Arabia. 

A j^\ abambam. Name of a place near Taslis. 

A 'i^\ibnat,{^\.CJ^, banat) KA&\xg\\teT. IJ\ 
>oji' , ^J^\ ibnatu uk^di ma hunii, (Daughter 
of sit and rise) A handmaid. J-U 'iS>\ ibnatu 'I 
jabal, (Daughter of the mountain) Echo. Ubnat, 
(pi. ^^\ uban) A vice, stain, spot, blemish. An 
unnatural propensity. An itching disease m the 
fundament. A man of sound judgment. Fraud, 
dissimulation. Secret hatred. A knot in wood, 
a gnur ; a spur. The throat of a camel, the head 
of the asper artery. 

p »ii; OJj) ubnat-zada, Infamous, suspected. 
A wretch held in abhorrence. 

p sJoT ab-nuhra. Quicksilver, liquid silver. 

A *b\ ibnum, (ace. t6Mam,obliq. ibnim) A son. 

p (_)a »b 1 abnus. Ebony. A kind of fish. 

p ^*>jbT abnusi. Made of ebony. (_^y^ ' 
^U> abnusi-shahh. An ebony pipe. A pipe played 
on any festivity. 

p jjiiwSjpJ I ab noshidan. To drink water. To 
be stupefied, astonished, or benumbed. 

p iiiij im\ ubna-zada. Suspected of infamous 
practices, branded with infamy. 

A Jyj) ubna'. Name of a place in Syria. 

A !^\ ibniy, Filial. 

A OLb\ abniyat, (pi. of a-Jj) abniyat) Edifices. 

A 'Ljj\ abniyat, (pi. of ^ batiiy) Edifices, 
buildings, structures. &JyJ^) LjI^ kitdbu 'I abni- 
yat, Name of a grammar by s^y^Xut sibamayh. 

p jJI abu, A water-lily. 

A ^\ dbw, (v. n. of ^\) Becoming a father. 
Educating. Paternity. 

A _jj\ abu., A father. This word has often the 
sense of ji zv.. Having, endowed with, possessed 
of: as, jjj*-* ' jj\ abU'l hu^sn. Possessed of beauty. 
OLi-J jj\ abu banat. Having daughters. ^\ 
t-J, iyi» aba, shamarib. Wearing whiskers. It fre- 
quently forms the figure called metonymy : as, 
Uii^^Us) ^\ abu atlab, The father of desires, i. c. 
a lover. liL-j*.^) jj\ abi'l ajsad. Sulphur. y>\ 
Jlai-^) abu 'I ahhtal, A horse. jfi>ii^\ ^\ abu'l 
adham, A kettle in which an entire sheep may be 
dressed. »-\5_;^) ^^ abu'l arwah, (Father of spi- 
rits) Quicksilver, i s\j-o>)\ ^\ abu'l azyaf. Fa- 
ther of the guests, i. e. a host. (juW ^^ «^" '^y*** 
Any thing used in washing, as marsh-mallows, &c. 
L^j>\ j^\ abu ayyvb, (Father Job) A camel. ji\ 


^jA>,yi\ ahu'l hurays, Name of a certain speckled 
bii-d. jiijJl y>\ abu'l hashar, Adam, the father 
of man. i—O.'o" > ^\ahu sakif, Vinegar. t_ ,'i-— jj\ 
dbu hahih, Roast kid. jj*- ^^ o^v, hazar, (Fa- 
ther timidity) A chameleon. (jj^a^ ^\ abu'l 
kusayn, Father of the little fortress, i. e. a fox. ^\ 
Jjii abu'l hiival, (Fatherof prodigies) The sphynx. 
Ljl^^I ahu'l liaya, (Father of modesty) Name of 
Othman the third Khalif sUii ^\ ahu'l hayat, 
(Father of life) Rain, jji y\ abu'l hiyai, (Fa- 
ther of stratagems) A fox. i^\s>-jm jA dbu sir- 
lidn, A wolf. ^^_;"» ^^ ahu sarif, (Father swift) 
Touchwood, u^.jj y}^ abu razin, A kind of sweet- 
meat, jj^'^ j^^ abu's sai-v, Incense. i^tun y>\ 
abu safd, Locman the sage. Old age. \i-iJ\ »j1 
abu 'sh ski/a, (Father of health) Sugar. (_»)U«1\ ^\ 
abu 'Ifiibab, Water. The first chapter of the Kur'an. 
.^>«3\^^ ahu'l falas, A dish made of starch, ho- 
ney, and water. ^Wl ^\ abu'l tula', Name of a 
celebrated poet. j^\ ji\ abu'l ^umr, A vulture 
which, they say, lives 1000 years. .U**^^ ^^ abu'l 
^yzar, A heron. i^UiJl ^\ abu'l ghiyas, (Fa- 
ther of relief) Water, —jfl)^ y^ abu'l faraj, Name 
of the author of a Univei-sal History called -aus^ 
JjiiJl mukhtasaru'd darval, (Compendiimi of the 
Dynasties), published with a Latin translation by 
the learned Pocock. J-afl31 jj) abu' Ifazl, (Fa- 
ther of excellence) A very learned and accom- 
plished man, secretary to the great Sultan Akbar, 
Emperor of Hindustan, and author of the elegant 
history of the Mogul Emperors (in Persian) called 
mU j*5 \ ahbar tiama. i^.\yd\ y}\ dlm'lfamarh, 
Name of a famous orator. c\a*H)\ ^\ ahu'l ka^ 
ka^, (Father of croaking) A crow. ^Jy^ y ^ abu 
kalamun, A kind of ehanging-coloured silk. A 
chameleon. A variable, capricious man. The 
world. A tortoise. A turkey. JUW\ _jj\ abu 'I 
kamal, Father of accomplishments, ?. e. a drinker 
of healths. ti)j(i^=* ' ji\ ahu 'I kunjah, Any thing 
new, rare, or agreeable. A facetious, witty, or 
well-bred man. A buffoon, jester, mimic. ^\ 
wiUl/o abu malik, Hunger. ^^^ ^\ abu maswa', 
or Jjfi^ ^\ abu'l manzil, A host. JjJs'^ ^\ ahu'l 
muhhtar, A mule. 'i\ji^ ^\ abu'l mar sat, Father 
of the wife, i. e. a husband, fij^ ^\ abu maryam, 
A bailiff, a catch-poll. J\Jii,\ ^\ abu'l mmafir, 
A cheese. >j_U\ ^\ abu'l maUh, (Father pretty) 
A lark. (j»->_yi> ^\ abu munis, (Father sociable) 
A wax-taper. lx^\ y>\ ahu'l mahna,"Wme. y\ 
M*»i abu nu^ym, White bread. i--'\3^\ y^\ abu'l 
immah, (Father jump) A flea. \^1 y>\ abu'l 
^yfiy (Father of impetuosity) Name of Ally, 
Bon-in-law of Muhammad. jj,^^flJ\ ^\ abu'l yak- 
zan, (Father of the watch) A cock. i,J^ ^^ 
abu harahish. Name of a speckled bird. ^ ^\ 
abu bakr. The father-in-law, and first Khalif, or 
Buccessor to Muhammad. u->y ^\ ahu turah. 

( 15 ) 

Name of Aliy, son-in-law to Muhammad. _jjl 
««W abujdmi^, (Father collector) A tray. »j1 
j-jW abujabir, (Father restorative) Bread. y>\ 
i^na- abujafd, (Father of the curled hair) A wolf. 
jStxa- ^\ abujaffar, A fly. i^^ ^^ ahujamll, 
Pot-herbs. (J>^ ^^ ahu jahl, (Father of igno- 
rance) Name of an uncle of Muhammad. ^\ 
t^j\sf ahu haris, A lion. aaJl»- ^\ ahu hanifa, 
Name of the first great Muhammadan lawyer. 
liJli- ^\ abu khalid, A dog. (_j"V»- j^^ abu khi- 
rash, (Father scratch) A cat. c-ao^- ^\ ahu 
khish. Flesh. LJc>- ^\ abu khalsa, Melilot, bu- 
gloss-plant. J\j<i j^^ ahu zayyal, (Father long- 
tail) A bull. iWJ ^\ abu zayd. Name of a per- 
son mentioned in the Makamati Hartriy. jj\ 
^oUJ«> abu sulayman, A cock. i_Ow»> jJi abu 
sayf. Father of the sword, a name of Nadir Shah, 
jj^^iitf yi\ abu safwan. Milk. t-*)U9 ^^ abu 
talih. Name of the Father of Ally, (^y^ y^^ abu 
tamun, Jews' pitch. i_ ^^ yi\ abu fib, A di'ug- 
gist. w«\P ^\ abu famir, A hyaena. "ijcSs- ^\ 
ahu fikrimat, A pigeon. (j<«J^ jJi ahu fals, A 
species of violet. S^** y>\ abu tamrat, Hunger. 
jjjS'_jj\ ahu fawn, A date. Salt. (j*>Vji y>\ abu 
farras, A tiger. O^j^^ _j^^ ahu kabus, Name of 
Nusman king of Arabia. (j-i^'* _j^' abu harm, 
A herb used in dying. jj-i^' y>^ abu hays, An 
ape. UijJS y)\ ahu kalh, A Dutch coin current in 
Egypt, something inferior in value to a Spanish 
piastre (As. 8<?.). It bears the impression of a lion, 
which, however, the Arabians have changed to 
iJS Imlb, a dog, perhaps to show their contempt 
for Christians, or on account of its base alloy. y>\ 
jf abu hir, Name of an island near Alexandria. 
»J yi\ abu lahw, A drum. ij* j^i abu murrat. 
Father of bitterness or sorrow, i.e. the devil. y^\ 
j^j^ abu muzahim, A bull. La(«_jJi abu maza, 
A horse. wmIim ^\ ahu mafashir, (Father of con- 
versation) The famous astronomer and astrologer, 
known in Europe by the name of Albumazar. He 
died an. 885. jyol* ji\ aha mansur. Father of 
defence, i.e. a city. ^^ yi^ abu ndji^ (Father 
wholesome) Confection. xJli y>\ abu. nafi^ (Fa- 
ther wholesome) Vinegar. »^j*> ^^ abu hurayra, 
Father of the kitten ; name of one of Muhammad's 
companions. J^ag ^\ abu yahya', Name of the 
angel of death, whom the Arabians call likewise 
JjV|Jft ^zrdsil, and the Persians liSdjo murddd ; 
whose office it is, according to Muhammadan be- 
lief, to separate the soul from the body, t^y ^ iu 
li'lldh abuka, God has dealt bountifully with thy 
father (in giving him such a son). 

A Ay)\ ahwds. The parental relation. A she- 
goat indisposed from the smell of urine. 

A <-^\y>\ abwdh, (pi. of (_->b bah) Gates, doors. 
Chapters. Conjugations. Dues, fees, taxes. Points, 
principles. (In India) An assessment on lands over 

and above the original rent. u-.>)^^\ u->\j bdbu'l 
abwdh, (Port of ports) The fortress of Darband on 
the Caspian sea. Jjj^^ '-r'V^ ahwdbu't iahrdil, 
A register of receipts and disbursements of the 
household and revenue. iSt^lnM.U <-^^y^ ahmdbu '» 
sa^dat, (The ports of felicity) Title of a book. 
UH' '-r'lj?' abivdbu'l mdl, A register containing 
the amount of revenue, with the increase or defi- 
ciency, p ijj\^ «il^ '-r'lj?^ abwdbi tkdna-ddri. 
Taxes levied on the retailers of liquors and other 
articles in bazars attached to the garrisons, i— j\}J^ 
(_Jl»- ahwdhihdU, New taxes, arbitrary impositions. 
J^Uo (— '\jJ^ abwdhi sdbik, Old, established taxes. 
(ji^M I— '1^1 abwdbi shddi, An imposition levied 
to defray the marriage-expenses of a Raja, chief, 
or great landholder. ;_jj\;ij>-y t-->\jJ^ abwdhi 
fawjddri. Charges and fines in criminal courts. 
N.B. There are many other taxes designated by 
the word '^\^\ abwdh, joined to another, n^i 
L— 'IjJl ba hama abwdh, By all means, in every way. 

Aj\_jj\ abwdz, (pi. of jb 6az) Falcons, hawks. 

A ;_>«ijJi ahwds, (pi. of i^joyi haws') Kinds. 

A cijJi abwd^ A species of sheep (as taking 
long steps). This word is used also in calling her to 
be milked, (pi. of cb bdp or e.y> baw^ Fathoms. 

A J W^ abwdh, (pi. of j^ biik) Trumpets, horns. 

A J^^^ abwdl, (pi. of JjJ bawl) Urines. J^j^^ 
JliJl abwdlu'l biffhdl, (Mules' urine) Wine, (ac- 
cording to some) the vapour C.-'V^ sardb. 

A (j\jJ^ abawdni Parents, father and mother. 

A (-:-'_jJ^ ubUb, (v. n. of (_->\) Blowing (wind). 

p (jbjj\ abubdn. Repentance. 

A «Jjj\ «&?««■&«<, (pi. of (—.."b) Doors. Chapters. 

A iiy\ ubumat, Paternity. Fathers. 

A Ojj\ uhut, (v. n. of Cl^\) Being hot and 
sultry (a day). Tumour from drinking. 

A iy>\ ubud, (v. n. of i\>\) Abiding, remaining 
permanently. Introducing in a poem words un- 
common and hard to understand. Being unso- 
ciable, and running away. (pi. of iij\ abadJ Ages. 

A ^iijiiy}\ abudardd, (by some ahudiirdd) Name 
of a companion of Muhammad. 

A.j^\ abtur, (pi. o{ji> hisr) Wells. 

p jj^ I db-warz, A swimmer. 

p L^ jj '-r'l db-warzt. Swimming, natation. 

Ajjj\ abyuz, (pi. ofju basz) Falcons. 

Ajyi\abuz, Springing, bounding(deer). Uhuz, 
(v. n. o?ji\) Springing, bounding, leaping. 

A (_>»»^^ abtus, (pi. of ;_j*»jJ huss) Misfortunes. 

A {^y>^ abus, Swift, fleet (horee). 

A (^^^ ahuz. Very swift (horse). 

A ^yi\ ahuh, (pi. JjJ 1 ubbak) Runaway (slave). 

A (Jjj\ abul, A troop of camels, herd or flock 
of cattle, horses, or birds ; a series or string of them 
following one another. Ubtd, (v. n. of Aj\ Sup- 
plying by green herbage the place of water (cattle). 
Abstaining from venery. Wandering in the night 


and pasturing without a keeper ; straying, running 
away (camels). Growing long and capable of be- 
ing cropped by camels (grass). Stopping, or re- 
maining in a place (with camels). 

p ^J^Ji\ abuman. Repentance. 

p ^^\ ahun. Elecampane, ginger. 

A ^J}i\ fl6iin,(pl.of (_^W/ft) Fathers. P. fj3>^j^^ 
dayr ahbun. Name of a monastery in Mesopota- 
mia, near which is a large barrow. 

A wy\ ahmtMt, (pi. of y^y biwan or burvan) 

p jjy I abnand, A vessel in which water is kept. 

A (Jfy^ aban'ti/, Paternal. 

p jj\j«j\ abui/aii, Repentance. 

A /o>«J^ abttKayni, (oblique dual) The parents. 

A 1S^\ wT abaliu allah, May God remove him 
to a distance ! 

A u\ abh, (v. n. of «j\) Calling one's attention. 
Suspecting. Abh or abah, (v. n. of eS\) Attending 
to, recollecting, remembering. Recalling to mind 
a thing forgotten. io\ V. y° abah, O father ! 

A *J^ abahh, Hoarse. 

A ^\^^ a6/ia»,(pl. of j^ bahrc) Projecting tents. 
Extensive countries. Cavities of breasts. Wombs. 
Lairs of wild oxen. Ibltat, (v. n. 4 of l^J) Tearing 
(a garment). Emptying (a house), (v. n. 4 of ^J 
for fcjj) Demolishing a house or tent. Rending a 
garment. Emptying (a vessel). Emptying, de- 
serting (a house). Keeping (a war-horse) unem- 
ployed. Having a handsome face. 

A m-^^ ibhaj, (v. n. 4 of ^) Exhilarating. 
Being verdant and luxuriant (ground). 

A ,\^\ ibhar, (v. n. 4 ofj^) Producing some- 
thing wonderful. Becoming rich after having been 
poor. Being scorched by the noon-day sun. Be- 
ing changeable, versatile, at one time easy and mild, 
at another cross-grained and perverse. Marrying 
a lady, slender, beautiful, and delicate. 

A i^\^^ ihhas, (v. n. 4 of <ja^J not used) 
Hindering, preventing. 

A \^\>\ ibhax, (v. n. 4 of (jo^ Oppressing, 
vexing, afflicting. 

A JljJ^ ibhal, (v. n. 4 of ^3^) Irrigating a sown 
field. Giving one liberty to do what he pleases. 
Leaving, letting alone. Allowing (a camel) to pas- 
ture without a keeper, and to be sucked by her colt. 

A ^\ ibham, (v. n. 4 of ^) Shutting, clos- 
ing (a door). Making obscure and unintelligible. 
Talking obscurely. Being doubtful and uncertain. 
Turning (any one) away from a design. Produ- 
cing abundantly the plant ^_^ » ^ > bukma' (the 
ground), (pi. Jfcb^ abaJiim or"^b\ abahim) The 
thiunb. Tlie great toe. 

A *jj1 ubbahat, Magnificence, grandeur, glory; 
beauty, grace, elegance. 

A ^\ ahhaj, More or most beautiftil. 

Pj^^ abhar, A watermill. 

( 16 ) 

A^^ abhar. The back. A vein in the back. 
The jugular vein. The middle vein of the arm. 
(pl.jfcb^ abahir) The narrower edge of a pen or 
featlier. The back of a bow ; also that curved part 
from the handle to the extremities or horns of a 
bow. Good gi'ound, but not overflowed. A dry 
thorn or thistle. Name of a city. 

A J^\ abhal, The produce of a tree whose leaf 
is like the tamarisk, and fruit like the JV ""*'''• 
It is not thcjC^ Mr^r, as some have imagined. 

p J^\ ubhul, Seed of the mountain-cypress, or 
juniper. Juniper-berries. 

A j^\ abham, (pi. j^ biihm and buhurri) Silent. 
A stammerer, stutterer, barbarian. Dumb. A 
woman whom by the laws of consanguinity a man 
is forbidden to marry. 

p J^^ uhhTd, Liquorice-root. 

p (jY^I ahihi. Name of the river _jfcl ahu. 

A /j,-(J^ abha', More or most beautiful. Abht, 
(and with tanwin, »j1 abhin) (pi. of^ bahw) Ex- 
tensive countries. Cavities of breasts. Wombs. 

Aj\ji^\ ibhlrar, (v. n. 11 of^) Being half- 
spent, havingreached the middle (the night). Being 
thick (the darkness). Being gone the greater part 
of the night, one-third remaining. 

A j3 1 aba', Distempered by the smell of urine 
(a he-goat). Abi, (pi. y^o 1 abtn, *Jb\ ubat, 1lj,\ 
ubayy, and fKi\ uhat) One who refuses, rejects, or 
loathes. ^^I ^\ ab'i'l lahm, (A leather offlesh) 
Name of one of Muhammad's companions. 

p (3 1 all, Watery. Blue. A quince. A kind 
of gi-ape. ^^1 _y burji ab'i, A reservoir. A 
building in the water. The constellation Aquarius. 
ij, 1 cj* murgh-abi, A water-fowl, a duck. 

A ^\aba', (fut.(3U.yaj&a'or?/aj&i) He refused. 

A ^\ aba', (v. n. of ^) Having the stomach 
overloaded with milk (a camel's colt), and there- 
fore loathing it. Contracting a disease from the 
smell of urine (a goat). 

p ^\ abi, Without. 

A j3l abba', Name of a man, of a well in Ma- 
dlna, of a river near KQfa, and of another in the 
marshes of Wasit. 

A J^l abiy, A refuser, rejecter, loather. Averse, 
refractory, untractable, difficult, inaccessible. ^!j\ 
al abiy, The lion (as untractable). A proper name, 
(for !jy>\ abarviy) Paternal. Ubayy, (for ^.\ 
ubayw, dim. of i_j^ ab) A little father, (pi. of j,l 
abi) Refusers, rejecters, loathers. 

A OL)3 abyat, (pi. of C-u> bayt) Verses. 

PjW ' ab-yar, A waterer, sprinkler, irrigator. 

P cgj V. ' ab-yari. Irrigation. jjjiijS (j5jb>T ab- 
yarl kardan. To irrigate, to water (fields). 

P t/jW.^ aliyari, A kind of stuff of a thin tex- 
ture. A species of dove. 

P uW.' abyan. Penitent. 

-* uW.^ d^yan, (pi. of ^jL) bayyin. Eloquent. 


Abayan, (pi. J^^ibyan) A loather of food or vice. 

A C^\j^} abyaTvat,(j^l. of C^^bmj^t) Houses, 
pi. of tl*-}. bayt, A house) Many houses. 

A u-«-5.^ ablb. Preparation for a journey. 

A 8^3 ibyat, A stoppage of milk in the breast. 
Ubyat, Pride, ostentation, gi-eatness. 

A 'il>} abiyat, A camel taking the male, but not 
conceiving. A camel refusing water, and not re- 
turning home in the evening. A woman who has 
no taste for supper. 

Aj^^ ubayhir, (irreg. dim. of^ bahr) A mere. 

p J-o I abid, A spark of fire. 

A i^*^^ ab'id, Eternal. <i-o^\ sJ\ ahida'l abid. 
For ever, to all eternity. tW^^ al abid. An ever- 

p ^\i^\ abidad, Tyranny, injustice. 

pjo\ «&ir, A bucket. A spark. Tears. A shirt. 

A Jj\ uhayr, (dim. of iJJ^ xbraf) A small needle. 
Name of a mountain, of a well, and of a man. 

A ^^y idjaynh, (dim. of jjW-*»^ istabrah) A 
vesture of coai-se silk. 

A ljiJ>\ ubayrih, (dim. of (.J*^^ ihrahim) Lit- 
tle Abraham. 

p jo\ abiz, A spark of fire. An urn. 

p jJi-«jo\ abestan, To adorn, embellish, decorate. 

A ;jt-jl ablsk, A bridegroom's shirt. 

p . * j^ abtsham. Flue of raw silk ; the cocoon. 

p ,lv*» (3^ abi shumar. Innumerable. 

A 03^\ abyaz, (pi. t>a^ biz) White. A sword 
(as being bright). Silver. A man of unsullied cha- 
i-acter. Certain stars in the milky way^. Whiter 
(but expressed more accurately by UoLj i^mI 
asliaddu bayazan). c>^^^y^ abu'l abyaz, Milk. 
(j«i^^l Oji^ al mamtu'l abyaz, Sudden death. 

A (_>oi^\ ubayyiz, (dim. of ;jeU\ ibaz) A small 
rope for tying a camel's leg. 

A ^jiLfljul ibyizaz, (v. n. 9 of i^\i for {,jai^) 
Being white. Whiteness. 

A jjLoJO^ abyazani. Two days, or two months. 
Two veins in a camel's udder. ^^Uojo^I al ab- 
yazani, Milk and water ; wheat and water ; fat 
and young (the two whites). 

A ^\»sA abyitas, (pi. of xx>) Buyers. Sellers. 

p JjA^^aK/(, A bright colour. A depilatory drug. 

AjiuA ubaykir, WortMess, good for nothing. 

A jS^^ ubaykip A year of little rain. 

A jfeol ubaykij;(dim. of\£=u bahar) Morning. 

A ^y^\ dbil, Sad, melancholy, (pi. Jb 1 abal 
and ,_)j\ ubl) An austere Christian monk. The 
chief of those monks in the East. A bundle of grass 
or hay. A thick baton, a tnincheon. ^^jLj^\ ,3-J^ 
abihi 'I ahiUn, (or ujSl-J.^l J-oj abilu 'I abiUyin) 
(Weeper of weepers) Jesus Christ. 

A ^3-?^ ibhil, A herd or flock of hoi-ses, camels, 
or birds ; a string of them following each other. 

A «Lj1 abllat, A bundle of grass or hay. 

A &Lj\ ubaylat, (dim. of Jj^ iW) AHttlecamel. 


A j_^^ ubayla', Name of a woman. 

A !l^^\ nhayliy, An austere Christian monk, 
weepinrr over the sins of the age. 

A jjrO 1 abm, Name of a village in the vicinity 
of which is a cave, whence the substance called 
\jL«^ mumiya is procured. 

A yjjJ^ ahyan, More or most eloquent. More 
or most clear, distinct, evident, obvious. Uhayn, 
Name of a reporter of traditions. 

A -*Ujp3 ahyinat, (pi. of (^^ bayyin) Evident. 
Eloquent. Uhaynas, orjj»xo\ ubaynun, (dim. of 
>Uj\ abnas) Little sons. 

p jJo\ fliei^. Blue-coloured. 

p li)^ I abitvard, Name of a city in Khurasan. 

P 1^^^ abyun, Opium, poppy-juice. Treacle. 

A (_^Ui»Jo3 ibyizaz, (v. n. 11 of j^b for O^) 
Being exceedingly white. Intense whiteness, 

o ^J^^. (3^ abi yahmiya, A cramp, a spasm. 

PjW ipar, Thyme, sweet marjoram. 

p iJo\ apdra, Extended, level. Simple. 

PjiiJl apidar, Here, behold ! 

p \^W'/»"«,(inzandandPaz.)Soil, earth,mould. 

p |»\* W ipraham, (in zand and Pazand) Abra- 
ham, now called in Arabic Ibrahim. 

p iS^ji\ aparkhida, Clear, pure, without alloy. 

P <dy^j>\ apurnuk, (in zand and Pazand) A 
youth. Turks. 

p ^\djj>\ aprandakh, Goat's skin drest. 

Pj\j^3 apam-az, Flight. 

vy>,jj>\ aparwez, Victorious, glorious. Name of 
a king. A sieve. A guide. A sugar-refinery. 

p (o^-H^ apsan, A whetstone. 

p uLl. i .. > \ aj)shak, Dew. 

p tCykA iptjliada, Vain, foolish, light-headed. 

p sil^^ apgamt, An abortion. 

P ^yA apuk, Making a noise by filling the 
mouth with wind, and then striking it. 

p 0*1,!^^ aptrash, A stadium, a race-groimd. 

p *^J^^ ipayrah, Of a lead-colour. Name of 
an island. 

p ^)jijO^ apirandahh, Goat's skin drest. 

p Vj\ apiz, (or I'j^S apizd) An urn, a pitcher. 

»A crooked billet with which they di-aw water. 
p (j^^ apyun, Opium, poppy-juice. Treacle. 
p Ol at, The affix pronoun of the second per- 
lon singular to a word ending in mute S lie : as a3U>- 
\^\ Itliana at, Thy house. 
A C^\ att, (v. n. of O^) Overcoming in an 
argument, convincing by proof, gaining a cause. 
Breaking the skull. 

p \j\ ata, (or ita) A father. 
A f^^3\ ituj, (v. n. of \5\ for y\) Producing, 
bringing forth copiously, shooting out buds, yield- 
ing fruit. Bringing forth young. Any thing pro- 
duced by a tree (as blossoms or fruit), (pi. of ^\ 
ita) Things fallen into and floating on the water 
(as wood or leaves). Itas or ataf, Thirst. The 

( 17 ) 

fruit of the palm-tree. Produce of any kind (whe- 
ther from land or cattle). 

A ^\i\ ittifUf, (v. n. 8 of i^'j) Taking warning. 
Receiving a promise. 

A (_->\j 1 atab, (pi. of t—o^ itb) Short breeches, 
drawers. Shifts. 

A (_.>\31 iisab, (v. n. 4 of <— 'Ij iiTeg.) Provok- 
ing, enraging. Outraging decency and putting to 
the blush. Hindering shamefully. Blushing, be- 
ing ashamed. Averting. 

A t— >\j1 itdb, (pi. of i_«<J^ itb) Drawei-s. Sleeve- 
less shifts. 

p tib\3\ atdbah, (from \i\ atd, A father, and 
(.ib bak, A prince) The lord father (a title given 
to the governors of Shiraz. A guardian, preceptor, 
teacher. f^iS\ (.i)ol3\ atabaki a^zam, The prime 
minister, or vizir; and sometimes the king himself. 

A 'i\i\atsat, Name of a woman and of a mountain. 

A T Olj\ atdt. Pomp, grandeur. 

A i>-\5\ itahat, (v. n. 4 of _15 for ^) Deter- 
mining, decreeing. 

A ii\j\ itdd, A rope with which they tie together 
the legs of a cow whilst milking. 

p 8iil3\ itd-dih. Tributary. A briber. 

A 'iJ3\ itMirat, (v. n. 4 of.u) Fixing the eye 
intently upon, following with the eye. Bastinading. 

A 'iXi\ itdrat, (v. n. 4 of j\j for ,y) Reiterating, 
repeating. Fixing the eye intently upon. 

A &jytf\5\ itdsat, (v. n. 4 of (j-JO ) Rendering void. 

A 'isXi\ itdfat, (v. n. 4 of c\j for «^) Vomit- 
ing repeatedly. 

A jl!>\ itidh, (v. n. 4 of ^3*^) Filling (a leathern 
bottle or cistern). 

A »i'li>\ itahat, (v. n. 4 of j\5 for jjS) Bending 
a bow very much, drawing the arrow to the head. 

A 'i^'dS itahat, (v.n.4 of tiJl3 for lilo) Pluck- 
ing out (haii-s, feathers, Sec.). 

p «315\ atdla, Pottage, gruel. 

A j«J\5\ atdTik, A guardian, a tutor. 

A jQi\ itsdm, (v. n. 4 of J3) Slaughtering a 
milch ewe in a scarce season. 

A («VJ)\ ittisam, I v. n. 8 of Jj) Bearing twins. 

A ft*\5\ itsdmat, (v. n. 4 of |«u) Bringing forth 
twins. Lying with (a woman). Bursting (a wo- 
man), making both passages into one. 

p j^\j\ atdn or utdn, A she-ass. 

A ^Jo\ atdn, (or itdn) (pi. ^^1 dtun, ^^\ utn, 
utun, and -*liyU maHundi) A she-ass. The place 
at the mouth of a well where they stand to draw 
water. Atdn, (pi. i^\ utun) The seat of a camel's 
saddle, or the cushion in litters carried by camels 
on which travellers recline, ^y^°^ ^Jo\ atdnu'z 
zahl, A stone in the water, the upper part appear- 
ing above. A hard round stone placed near a well, 
green and slippery. 

A w\j^ atdnat, (rarely used) A she-ass. 

A (jjjb\ atdnln, (pi. of ^oj5^) Furnaces. Ovens. 

A 5j\j^ itdmat, (v. n. of 13\ for y\) Bribing. 
Paying tribute, (pi. t^j\3\ atdwiy, ^j^\ atdwa', 
Oljljl itdwdt, \j1 ata\ or '^\ atiy) Tribute. Cor- 
ruption, bribery, a present to a judge with the view 
to gain a cause. A gift. 

A t^jbl atdwiy, (pi. of »j\S\ itdmat) Tributes. 
Bribes. Atdwiy, itdwiy, or tttdwiy, A guest, 
stranger, foreigner, traveller. Water brought to a 
piece of ground. An unexpected overflow of water. 

A 0\jjl5W<a?(%a*, Strange, foreign (women). 
Travelling (women) far from home. 

A «Jjl5\ atdivVi, (pi. of »j3 tUTvah) Astonished, 
bewildered, (pi of »*> tth) Deserts. 

A i_/5) itb, (pi. i_j\5 1 dtdb, (_-.»\5\ itdb, and 
L—'y \ utub) A kind of short shift or inner garment, 
slit, and without sleeves, worn by women in Arabia . 
A kind of drawers. The husk of barley. 

p \Ji\ atbd, (in zand and Paz.) An arrow. 

A L->U)1 atbdb, (pi. of CL>K) tdbb) Tall and 
weak (men). Sore-backed (camels or asses). It- 
bdb, (v. n. 4 of t—O) Debilitating, enervating. 

AjL5\ itbdr, (v. n. 4 of jO) Ceasing, refraining. 

A jL31 ittibdr, (v. n. 8 of^) Being broken off. 

A (_j«U5\ ittibds, (v. n. 8 of (j-JO.) Being dried. 

A eX3\ atbdi, (pi. of x^ tabaf) Followers, de- 
pendents, servants. (JjjoUI c,\Ji\ atba^u' t tdbitvna. 
Followers of tliefollowers(of Muhammad). Itbdf, 
(v. n. 4 of **i) Following, overtaking. Causing 
to follow, joining one to another. Rendering a ge- 
nerous act complete, as giving the saddle and bridle 
along with a horse. (In gram.) When one word 
follows another without altering the sense, answer- 
ing to the words hurly burly : as ^^-»J i.j"'^ hasan 
basan. Handsome, ■ ^«^ i. ,■■*■- shaghib jaghib. 
Exciting a tumult, tumultuous, noisy, riotous. 

A tUiJl ittibd^ (v. n. 8 of »J) Following, pur- 
suing. Obedience. P pU>^l "-r^l^ ^^yfanndm 
wdjibi'l iitibdf, A command necessary to be obeyed. 

A JU5\ atbdl, (pi. of J^ tabl) Sicknesses. It- 
bdl, (v. n. 4 of (JJ) Making weak, sick or insane 
(love). Ruining, destroying (misfortune). 

A ,J^\ ittibdn, (v. n. 8 of ^JV) Putting on the 
short sailors' breeches called ^)U3 tuhbdn. 

V 1:^^.0 1 dtbin, Eloquent. A skilful performer. 
Most felicitous. Name of Farldun's father. 

A f\^\ ittijdf, (v. n. 8 of Vj) Being closely 
packed, or close and full (dates). 

AjW\ ittijdr, (v. n. 8 of^) Trading. Com- 
merce, (v. n. 8 of;»-j) Taking or giving medicine. 

A slsSi ittijdh, (v. n. 8 of ia-j) Entering (a 
thought into the mind). Paying attention. At- 
tention, assiduity. 

A iiU:\ ittihdd, (v. n. 8 of iia«j) Being single. 
Union, concord, intimate friendship. 

A (_-JV^^ it-hdf, (v. n. 4 of i_i^ not used) Giv- 
ing a gift, making a present. 

A ^\aS\ ittihdl, (v. n. 8 of J^-j) Making an 


t'Xfejrtion, excepting. 

A »\J^\ ittiham, (v. n. 8 of |^) Being black. 

A j^ at-ham, Black. 

A r^^ atham'ii/, (or al*^ athamiyat) A kind 
of stripetl cloth, manufactured in Arabia Felix. 

A ^\jS\ itkhakh, (v. n. 4 of ^) Leaving dough 
to become sour. 

A !i\J\ ittikhax, (v. n. 8 of 3i-^) Taking to one's 
self. Making. Placing. Being used, adopted. 
Assumption, choice, election. 

A ^\iS\ ittikhaf, (v.n. 8 of v_ii-j) Slipping. 

A (»li£^ itkham, (v. n. 4 of j£) Producing indi- 
gestion (food). 

A ^\ ittikham, (v. n. 8 of f^j) Being op- 
pressed (the stomach). Indigestion. 

A A^\ ittidat, (v. n. 8 of ^fi>j) Receiving a 
fine for manslaughter. 

A A^\ ittidat, (v. n. 8 of ciij) Being quiet, 
mild, and placid. Complaining of one limb, whilst 
tJie rest of the body is in good health. Resting. 

A ^^^Si\ ittidan, (v. n. 8of yiij) Being steeped. 

A Asj\ ittizaf, (v. n. 8 of lij) Being chidden. 

A A3\ itroi, (v. n. 4 of tj3) Doing things in 
a train, with intermitting intervals between each. 

A <— -»y^ atrab, (pi. of L-V tirh) Companions, 
equals in age, peers, cotemporaries. Itrab, (v. n. 
4 of t..^) Having little wealth. Having much. 
Becoming the owner of a slave who has already 
had three masters. Strewing with earth. 

A r^\ atrah,(jjA. of-. j5 tarah) Troubles, cares. 

A C)\Ji\ ittirad, (v. n. 8 of ^j>) Crumbling into 
small pieces. 

Pjy\ atrar, Barberries. 

A j^p\ itrar, (v. n. 4 o(y) Cutting off, throw- 
ing away. Playing at trap and ball, striking the 
gnur with the bat. Banishing, driving into exile. 
Ltrar, Name of a towii in Turkistan. 

Aj\p^ itraz, (v. n. 4 ofjy) Hardening. Dry- 
ing, causing to wither or shrivel. Twisting tight. 

A (j-^j3\ atrax, (pi. of o^ ''"■•') Shields. 

A \^)^\ itras, (v. n. 4 of (_>9j5) Making firm, 
strong, even, straight, just, or equal. 

A ft^ ^ itra^ (v. n. 4 of c^) Filling. 

A ^J\ ittha^, (v. n. 8 of g^) Being filled. 

A I — i\y\ itraf, (v. n.4of u_9j5) Bestowing the 
luxuries of life, bringing up luxuriously. Seducing, 
corrupting; rendering effeminate and dissolute (af- 
fluence). Persevering in disobedience. 

A iJLJ5^\ atrak, (pi. of uiJ/ tnrh) Turks. 

A i^\J\ ittirak, (v. n. 8 oidi^J)) Leaving, aban- 

A uj\ atribat, (pi. of (_^\p turab) Groimds, 
eartltf, sands. 

P Oj3\ titrut, Name of a certain king. 

P — .jJ^ utruj, An orange. 

A - yl utrujj, An orange. 

( 18 ) 

A «-S-J5\ utrujjat, One single orange. 

A e.J\atra^, A torrent that fills its bed. 

A u-»P^ atraf, One who has a protuberance on 
the middle of the upper lip. 

A Jj>\ utrunj, An orange. 

P L-J'jy^ atrvb, A kind of disease which ren- 
ders the skin loose and flabby. 

A jj3\ utrur, The servant of a magistrate. A 
bailiff, a catchpoll. A serjeant or a Serjeant's son. 
An unpaid attendant on a prince. A lad. 

A >_j-*yl itrahwat, Pride, self-conceit. 

Aj\yi\ ittizar, (v. n. 8 ofjjj) Sinning. 

A f\y\ ittiza^ (v. n. 8 of ejj) Refraining. 

A ^^y\ ittizan, (v. n. 8 of ^y j) Receiving mo- 
ney by weight. Being equal in weight. Being 
equal, just, equitable. Being accurate (the mea- 
sure in a poem). 

A ^L^\ ittisakh, (v. n. 8 of y*»j) Being dirty. 
Filthiness, nastiness. 


A jLJl ittisar, (v. n. 8 of -«J.) Distributing by 
lot the limbs of a slaughtered camel. Playing at 
dice, casting lots. 

A cL-3\ itsai, (v. n. 4 of J-<J) Completing the 
number nine. Having camels which are watered 
on the ninth day. 

A cU»>\ ittisaf, (v. n. 8 of *«>j) Being wide, 
ample, extended, difiused. Being comprehended, 
contained. Being large enough, able to contain. 

A jl-j^ ittisah, (v. n. 8 of Jj^oj) Being joined, 
connected, arranged, set in order. Setting in order. 

A (•1—31 ittisam, (v. n. 8 of *»«)j) Being branded 
with a hot iron. Placing a mark upon one's self 
whereby one may be known. 

p C*-3\ utsat, A plant (Boerhavia diffusa). 

p U>-3 \ a tslz or itsu;, Name of a king of Kharazm. 

p ^Ji3 1 dtisk, Fire. Sulphur. Digestive heat. 
Rage. Desire, appetite, love. Joviality, mirthful- 
ness. A courageous man. The devil. A lover. 
Light, lustre, beauty. Rank, dignity, value. Dear- 
ness, scarcity, jjj^. i— 't [J^\ dthhi ab-parmar, 
A sword of good temper. Uiij) (jIjT atishi ajdaha, 
The seven planets. j^U*»»l (J^\ atishi dsindn, A 
thunderbolt. lj\J\ ^J3\ atishi afrdza, A rocket. 
y >^ (jiJ I dtish hajdn, Sorrow, grief: desire, love. 
«JL»j (jt5 1 dtishi basta, Red gold. J^ ^_^ I dtishi 
hahdr, A rose. A tulip. The beauty of spring. 
j\j ^_j (ji3 1 dtishi bi bad, Wine. The bustle of a 
market. Injustice, oppression. ii\ii ^_^ liM dtishi 
bi dad, Wine. Injustice, oppression. ^^ (j^J 1 
iiyi dtishi bi dud, The sun. Rage, fui-y. Wine. 
A ruby. aibj ,j ^1 dtishi bi zabdna, Wine. 
A ruby, a cornelian. jj«,b ^jfiST dtishi jmrs'i. The 
Persian fire. The disease called St. Anthony's fire. 
Pustules breaking out on the lips after a fever, 
t)'*^;**' V U^ ' «^'«/* pdshldan, To be hasty, or un- 
steady. To oppress. (—J 1 ^ (jtjT dtishi pur db. 
Wine. Tears of grief. A goblet of wine. ^JS5T 


» jjj\j dtishi tdbinda. The burning sun. Human j 
nature. J (jijT dtishi tar. Liquid fire. Wine, j 
The lip of a mistress. ^jJJ i^^ atishi tazw'tr, - " 
Soup for the sick. jy*> ajy [J^ 1 atuU toba-soz, 
Wine. 3l>>\ *W (jt51 dtishi jdmi zibahl, Tied 
wine in a" goblet of crystal or silver. ^J^^ yiJl 
JyM dtishi jahdn-soz, A fire consuming the world. 
jBf- (jtST dtishi hqjar, Fire stnick from a flint. A 
ruby, a cornelian. iX^S*,^ fji3 1 dtishi khrvurshed, 
The light of the sun. Love. Grief, ^^lib ;j£5 1 
dtish dddan, ToUre. To shoot. To provoke. To 
unsettle the mind. To abandon. ^J^i (_;i> I 
dtishi dihhdn, A burning up of stubble, to fertilize 
the land. J , (ji5T dtishi raz, Wine made from 
gi-apes. (o^^j J (j^ ' dtishi ruhdniydn. Angelic 
bodies. J j, (jtjT dtishi roz, The sun. Light and 
heat, ^^i>\ (jSiT dtish zadan, To set on fire. ytJ I 
j\ dtishi zar. Lustre, elegance, beauty, ^jtj (j£J 1 
dtishi zamzam, The sun. (iju> (jt5 1 dtishi sard, 
Red wine. The lip of a mistress. Gold, (jij I I 
i^Jm* dtishi sag. The dog-violet. ^ (jtJ 1 dtishi 
mm, Fire struck from a stone by the hoof of a horse. 
\^yo iy^\ dtishi sawdd, Love. Pensiveness, me- 
lancholy. J^^ (_r^ 1 dtishi sayydl. Red wine. 
(^Uo u->\<w» (ji^l dtishi slmdbsdn. The world- 
adorning sun. jitf** ijtjT dtishi shajar. Wine. A 
pomegranate. ^-o (jiJ I dtishi subh, (or (j£) I 
u->. * \ of^ dtishi saUb) The sun. «jl> ^jt3 1 dtishi 
tabf, Moroseness, harshness. »j^ (j£j| dtishi 
fardza, A rocket. »ii^ (jt3 1 dtishifusurda, Con- 
gealed fire, i. e. gold, ^^jj » (ji.) 1 dtishi kdrwdn, 
A fire lighted by the caravans at night, to direct 
those who have remained behind. ^. "f^ (jiJ I 
dtishi mujassam, (Imbodied fire) A well-tempered 
sword. ii^jx (ji->l dtishi mi^a, (Fire of the 
stomach) Hunger. ,^y> (j!*'' dtishi musa' , The 
fiery pillar which served as a guide to the Israelites. 
(jiiJLii (jiJ 1 dtish nishdndan, To appease anger. 
To quell a riot. ^^UL-jO (ji5 1 dtishi iiaystdn, The 
beauty of the spring. "ij*^ CL*i* (jt5 1 dtishi 
haft mijmai-a. The seven planets. (^liJlfc ;jiJ I 
dtishi hindi, A sword with an Indian blade. (jiJ 1 
L->l J dtish u db, A sword. A goblet of wine. 
A —1151 ittishdh, (v.n. 8 of >S»j) Putting on 

■a. J.. . « — M ittishdr, (v.n. 8 of jjS»j) Requesting 
any person to make one's teeth thin and sharp. 

p tj]^\ (ji*^ 1 dtish-afrdza, A rocket. 

Pj j_^l (jSiJ I dtish-afroz, (Kindling a flame) 
Any thing for lighting a fire. Tinder. An eoli- 
pile. A phoenix. The eleventh month of the 
era of Yazdagird. 

P "^jj*' U"**! dtish-afrozana,Chvg&, shavings. _ 
A tinder-box. 


A jLio^ ittishdh, (v. n. 8 of ^^j) Drying ob- 
long slips of meat. 

pjl jj\ (jSj I dtish-anddz, Casting out fiire. 

the belt r-\^j 

p Uw\ (ji5 1 atish-angez, Kindling of fire. An 

Pjb ;jlJ I a^i.s/t-iar, Raining fire, flaming. A 
fire-lock. A tinder-box. .L-ijI iM teghi atish- 
bar, A flaming Sword. 

pjb (jSjI atish-baz, Playing with fire. A 
maker of fire- works. Pyrotechnical. An en- 
gineer. Lightning. 

I" cS; V LT-* I atish-hazi, Fire-works, pyrotech- 
nics. A bonfire. 

IP ti)V lA* ' ('f'^ftbdn, A devil, a demon. 
p ^..^-^ ij^ I atish-barg, A tinder-box. 
p 5jb (jSj I atish-para, A spark of fire, lighted 
coal, match. A candle. The moon. A glow- 
worm. Litigious, quarrelsome, choleric. 

P c^H (j~^' atish-j)ay, Restless; mettlesome. 

p LI.* »*>;?. (jiJ I ati^h-parast, A fire-worshipper. 
A moth. 

p ,_^*uj> ijiJ ! atish-parasfi, Fire-worship. 

P ij r> (jlJ I atish-parwar, A shining sword. 

Pj6=»-> ;jiJl atish-paykar,The sun. A spirit. 
A demon. 

p 1_->13 (jSj 1 atish-tab, A furnace, stove, grate. 
One who superintends a furnace. 

p WU (jlJ I atish-taba, A furnace, stove, grate. 

PjU (jtjl atish-tavi, (or y (jt^I atish-tav) 
Warmth, heat. A furnace. 

A ^io' atshah, Impetuous j an enthusiast. 

Vj-Jo^ (jiJ 1, In love. One of 
.a quick understanding, or of an enlightened mind. 

p ikili- (jiJ I atish-kharM, A fij-e-temple. A 
park of artillery. 

Pjlji- ^jiJ 1 athh-hhrvar, (jy>- (jlJ I a^i«A- 
khnmr, or »)\js^ (jljl atuh-hhivara) An eater of 
unlawful food. A receiver of bribes. A phoenix. 
A salamander. A tyrant. 

p c^ii jjiJ I utish-dagh, A bum, a scar. 

p (j'.J«io I atishdan, A hearth, a fire-place. A 
chafing dish, or portable grate for coals. 

p iJl«M)i> (jt5 1 atish-dast, Dexterous, clever. 

Pj>, (jiJ I atit<h-rez,Vo\ir'mg out fire, incendious. 

P ^^lJJ ;jt>>l a ^wA-safcaw, Eloquent, rhetorical. 

p ^■ij (jiji a<»«A-za<fa^i, Conflagration, arson. 

p sJJ (jtj I atigh-zana, (or yj (ji3 1 atkh-zan) 
A fire-steel, a tinder-box. A flint. Tinder, touch- 
wood ; combustibles. 

p ^jV>...Mi> 1 atwhistan, A region of fire ; hence 
applied to a hot fire of cannon or small-arms in 
battle. A funeral-pile. 

P {;;i^ (jiJ 1 athh-suhhun, A reviler, rebuker, 
who uses inflammatory language. A usurper. 

Pj_j jJ (jiJ I athh-furoz, An eolipile. A phcE- 
nix. The eleventh month of the aera of Yazdagird. 

p jjUlJ (jt5 ! atith-fi-^han, Scattering fire ; a 
Tolcano. ^J-^ (jlJ I jiij^ ajdari atuh-Jishan, A 
fiery dragon. 

Ti^»s jjij 1 atiih-Jitl, Fiery, fleet, mettlesome. 

( 19 ) 

atishak, A small fire. Lightning. 
A fire-fly. The venereal disease. 

Pj\S-ij| atish-har, Angry, hasty, tyrannical. 
A fire-place, a kitchen. A blacksmith. 

PjoJdI atish-liav, (Fire-stirring) A poker. 

p JiJXSo 1 atUh-hada, A fire-temple. »i\5w> I 
l»L^ atish-Jtadasi bahram, The sign Aries. 

p slCij 1 atish-gah, A temple of the Magi or 
worshippers of fire. A furnace, grate, chimney. 

p. (j)^^ I atish-gun, Fiery-coloured. A kind 
of flower. 

^Jr (_r^ ' atuh-gh; Whatever catches fire. 

p ijf^-^ I citish-gira, A fire-shovel : fuel : tinder. 

p ^^ij£j I a^wA/aM, A place abounding in fire. 

p (_>>*IJ ;jtJ I dtish-libas, Clothed in scarlet. 

p _.\j* (jiJ I dtish-mizdj, Fiery-tempered. 

p uLllxi-J I dtkhnak, Fiery, hot. 

p jlij (ji3T dtish-nUdv, Weeping, sad, sorrowful. 

p JIjxIjI dtish-nihal, A fire of faggots. 

p i^\ J^ijli\y^ I atish-wddin ayman, Divine 
glory, or the pillar of fire. 

p (_yj>iS> \yiJla^w/<wa-/(^«rf^, An Indian sword. 

p jJL> I dtishi, Belonging to fire, fiery, burning 
hot. Fired with rage, irascible, choleric. 

p f^^\ atisli'i, A porcupine. 

p (jl*^ 1 a.tisliiyd7i,Demons, infidels. Eloquent. 

p iU^\ dtis/nza, A glow-worm. 

p i^j^^ 1 dtishln, Fiery. 

p l_-j1 ;ijj^ T atisldn-ab, Red wine. Hot tears. 

p l*i>j\ (jj.i3 1 dtishin-ajdaha, A planet. 

p i^l (jjv.ij| dtishin-panja, Skilful, adroit. 

PfSli ;jj-i3T dtishln-pai/Jtar, The sun. Genii. 

p J^ {J!r^^ dtishln-pll, The sun. 

p e,\ii^j^Ji3\dtiiihin-ddgh,A burnt mark,a brand. 

p -.\)ii (^yJ^\ dtish'in-daKaj, The sun. A 
ruddiness in the sky. Wine. 

p jjb; i^j\t3\ dtishln-zabdn, A fluent speaker. 

p (_Jj-o ^J^:L3\ dtishin-sadaf, (or t— *jA»o salib) 
The sun. 

p tMi^ i^y^ I dtishm-kdsa, The sun. 

p (jjU ^j^^ 1 dtishin-libds, Clothed in scar- 
let. Scarlet clothing. 

p .l« ;jj^la<w/«7j-mar, A heart-burning sigh. 
A flame. A rocket. 

p IfcOjl ^_l i 'g»« (JJ^ I dtishln haft ajdahd, The 
seven planets. 

A uJUxJ^ i«Ma/, (v. n. 8 of i— a^j) Being de- 
scribed. Being praised. Praising any thing to- 
gether. Description, qualification: as, (_>ojii- 
(_jLa5\ khulm-ittisdf, Characterized by sincerity. 
I sLaj\ Oii\*«» safddat-ittisdf, Possessed of hap- 
piness, glorious, august. 

A JLfli^ ittisdl, (v. n. 8 of J/«j) Being closely 
united. Arriving. Arrival. Conjunction, conti- 
guity, communication. 

A _Li!>) i<<«a/j, (v. n. 8 of ^j) Being clear. 

evident, manifest. 


A cUaJ \ ittizd^ (v. n. 8 of *«j ) Pressing down 
a camel's neck in order to mount on his back. 
Lowering, beating down (price). Being lowered, 
let down. Humiliation, abasement, abjectness. 

A (jbaj^ ittizdn, (v.n.8 of jj<e_j) Being united. 

A *UaJ\ ittitds, (v. n. 8of u»j) Being arranged, 
made smooth and easy (a bed). Standing erect. 
Hitting the mark, gaining one's end. Preparing 
for any thing. 

A (jUa>\ ittitdn, (v. n. 8 of (j**)) Fixing one's 

A u>»\j«j\ it^b, (v. n. 4 of i_-«t>) Wearying, fa- 
tiguing, exhausting. Filling a vessel. Dislocating 
(a bone) after having had (it) set. Having jaded 
cattle. (»-.'bo^\ i_>^ji« Lt^y marazi mujibi'l 
itfdb, A disease producing lassitude. 

A iSUiJl ittifdd, (v. n. 8 of J>Pj) Receiving, or 
being gratified by, a promise. Promising, or 
rather threatening, mutually. 

A (_)j*U!>\ it ids, (v. n. 4 of (j<»»t)) Destroying. 

A )b\f6\ ittiidz, (v. n. 8 of laS-j) Being admo- 
nished. Improving from advice or correction. 
Deriving profitable instruction or warning. 

A «_juo\ atfab, More or most fatiguing. 

A L-jU!>\ itghab, (v. n. 4 of (_>««!>) Ruining. 

A |»\jo\ itgkdm, (v. n. 4 of ^iij) Causing indi- 
gestion (food). 

Aj\iJl itfdi; (v. n. 4 of^' not used) Having 
the hairs of the nostrils growing as low as the groove 
of the upper lip. Coming forth (the early bud). 

Ajl_fl_>\ ittifdr, (v. n. 8 of^j) Being full, 
complete, abundant. 

A (_jlij\ atfdf, (pi. of ;_i5 tuff) Shreds of 
meat sticking between the teeth. 

A ijliiJ^ ittifdk, (v.n. 8 of jjJj) Agreeing, con- 
senting. Approaching one another. Happening, 
coming to pass. Concord, consent,harmony,league. 
Chance, accident, p »!..,»■ j^^ ittifdhi hasanu, 
Unexpected good fortune ; agreeable accidents. 

A ttlij^ ittifdkan, Unanimously, in concert, with 
one accord. Perchance, accidentally.^ Successfully. 

A O^lflJ^ ittifdhdt, (pi. of j^\ ittifdk) Ac- 
cidents. Successes. 

A (J^iji ittifaki, Casual, fortuitous. Consent- 
ing, agreeing. 

A ^}\i3\ itfdl, (v. n. 4 of Jil>) Rendering ino- 
dorous, causing to smell oflensively. 

A *liul ittihdf, (v. n. 8 of ^j) Being timid and 
wary. Fearing (God). Heed, caution. Piety. 

A ii\i>^ ittikdd, (v. n. 8 of i>jj) Being lighted, 
blazing (a fire). 

Aj\JiJ\ittikdr, (v.n. 8 ofjij) Being quiet, 
modest, grave, and sedate. 

A fj\so\ itkdn, (v.n. 4 of ^^) Doing any thing 
firmly, properly, and well. Strength, stability. 

A ^U »\ii3\ U md atkdhu li 'lldh, How greatly 

he fears God ! 

A »\£\ ittihah, (v. D. 8of Mj) Obeying. Com- 
ing to an end. 

A f\Jo\ atkiyFu, (pi. of ^ <a%) Religious, 
God-fearing, devout (men). 

p cUiJ^ aUik, Attock, a town on the Indus. 
A *^\ ithaj, (v. n. 4 of ^) Making recline. 
Throwing down. 

A >KJ\ itiika^, (v. n. 8 o{^) Leaning ^lainst; 
reclining upon one side. Squatting, especially on 
one's heels. Making a couch for one's self. 

Aji^\ ittihEr, (v. n. 8 of/^) Building a nest. 
A c^\ ittihS^, (v. n. 8 of ^) Being con- 
tinned, strengthened. 

A J^S ittihal, (v. n. 8 of Jij) Trusting, rely- 
ing upon, confiding in God. Reliance. 

p JjT atil, Name of a river, now the Volga. 
A ^yi\ ail, (v. n. of Ji\) Walking slowly with 
short steps (an angry man). Being filled with 
food, lliil, Full, satiated (persons). 

A >^\ atloj, (pi. of jJj tilrv) Following one 
another ; the young of an animal following the 
mother. Itm,, (v. n. 4 of ^ for ji3) Ordering or 
causing to follow. Proceeding, going or running 
Ijefore, outstripping. Having a colt following (a 
camel). Entrusting something to another. Giving 
security for life and property. Forgiving a debt. 
Allowmg part of a debt to remain unpaid. Send- 
ing to demand payment. 

A -^1 itlaj, (v. n. 4 of Ji) not used) Causing 
to enter, inserting. 

A ^"ilCi^ ittildj, (v. n. 8 of Jj) Entering. 
Causing to enter, inserting. 

A i>^l atlad, Riches, hereditary wealth, slaves 
or cattle brought forth in the family, and descend- 
ing by way of heritage. Itlad, (v. n. 4 of liJJ) 
Possessing the wealth described above. 

A c.'i^\ itla^ (v. n. 4 of ^) Stretching the 
neck to see or hear; or doing so from pride. 

A c5)o\ ittilac, (v. n. 8 of ^j) Being concealed 
from one's knowledge. 

A i_j^\ iilof, (v. n. 4 of i_iX>) Consuming, 
ruining, destroying. 

A J^\ atlal, (pi. of J3^ taii) Cushions. Kinds 
of garments. Itldl, (v. n. 4 of J^) Causing (liquor 
or a melted substance) to drip. Tying. Leading. 
A »'^\ atldm, (pi. of J!> talani) Furrows in the 
groundfor sowing, draining, or making boundaries. 
A y^\ atalan, (or J^^J\ ataldl) (v. n. of Jj\) 
Walking with short steps (an angry man). Being 
filled with food. 

A »^^ itldh, (v. n. 4 of «Jj) Destroying, ruin- 
ing, consuming. Making mad with vexation, stupe- 
fying, putting in a phrenzy. 

A »iL)l ittiluh, (v. n. 8 of «3j) Being amazed, 
stupefied, distracted. Stupifying (wine). 
A '^\ atiUat, (pi, of JJi> tani) Necks. 

( 20 ) 

A ^\ aila^ Long-necked. 
A t-»Uflj^ Uli^hdh, (v. n. 4 of vAJj Q) Being 
well directed and conducted (business). Being ex- 
tended and level (a road). Standing erect (an ass). 
A £\ atm, (v. n. of jC^) Tearing, ripping up, 
bursting two boles into one. Cutting. Abiding in 
one place. Atam, (v. n. of ^\) Being slow and 
dilatory. Delay, slowness, sloth, sluggishness, 
laziness, indolence. Utum, The wild olive. 

A Ii\ atamm, More or most perfect or complete. 

A Ol^'T atimat, Tired and jaded (camels). 

A jlf \ it7nar, (v. n. 4 ofy ) Bearing ripe dates 

(a palm-tree). Becoming jC tamr (the moist 

date v_>i»j rutab). Becoming i_>i», rutab (dates 

in an earlier stage). Abounding in dates. 

A tiJWl iinmk, (v. n. 4 of uiif ) Makmg fat. 
A J^\ itmam, (v.n.4 of p) Completing, bring- 
ing to perfection. Granting any one his desire 
(God). Furnishing with a hoe or mattock. Being 
near her confinement, having gone her full time 
(a woman). Being come to the full (the moon). 
Attaining to its full growth (a plant). P (.W\ 

^JiJ C**r'** itmdmi maslahat kardan, To con- 
clude any business. 

A ^}%f\ itmihldl, (v. n. 4 of J^ Q) Being 
long, strong, and well-proportioned. 

p li.*^ \ itmld, A coulter, plough-share. A yoke. 
Aj\Jf\ itmurar, (v. n. 4 of jW> Q) Being 
hard (a lance), stiff (a yard). 

A ^}'^\ itmuldl, (v. n. 4 of jl,5 Q) Being 
tall and strong. 

A ^^T dtun, (pi. of ^J3\ atari) She-asses. 
A Ji\ atn, (v. n. of ^^\) Standing, stopping, 
tarrying. Bringing forth a child with the feet 
foremost (a woman). Coming forth in that manner 
(a child). Utn, or utun, (pi. of ^Jo\ atdn) She- 
asses. C/<MW, High ground. (pl.ofj^\j\a<aw) Seats 
in camel-litters, (pi. of ^^^\ atun) Furnaces. 

A\ itndhh, (v. n. 4 of -Xi) Oppressing 
with indigestion. 

A u»j><\jj\ atndmis, Wild camomile. 
A i^^\ atndn, (pi. of jT^ tinn) Alike, resem- 
bling. Peers, equals. Itnun, (v. n. 4 of ^^) Be- 
ing distant. Weakening a boy, and preventing his 
growth (disease). Atandn, Contraction of step, a 
shortening of pace. 

A y \ atw, (v. n. of \j\ for y\) Coming. Com- 
ing suddenly, surprising. Travelling quick (a 
camel). Producing, bringing forth copiously, 
shooting forth buds, producing fruit, bringing forth 
young. Giving liberally with a view to a return. 
Bribing a judge or great man to obtain any thing 
contrary to justice. Watering groimd plentifully, 
in order to have a large crop. Paying tribute. A 
gift. An arrow. Tribute. Butter forming by the 
agitation or churning of milk. The motion of a 
horse's fore-legs in running. Velocity, celerity. 


An inveterate distemper, calamity, death. Right 
way, straight path. Manner, way, sect. Any 
thing erect, upright in walking. A great person- 
age, p ^ot>-i^y^ atw hashldan, To plait linen, 
A A^\ atmds:, (pi. of^ tarvw) Ropes of single 
twists. Itmds, (v. n. 4 of j/y ) Destroying, wasting. 
A A^\ ittiwd^, (v. n. 8 of ^^\) Repairing to 
a place for a temporary or permanent residence. 
A ^\^\ atrvRk, (pi. of Jy tawk) Desires. 
A l\^\ atwdh, (pi. of sy tuwah) Bewildered. 
A U.^y) utub, (pi. of (»J\ itb) Sleeveless shirts, 
tunics. Short breeches or drawers. 

A »y\ atwat, (v.n. of \j) fory\) Arriving. 
P Oy^ atut, (in zand and Paz.) Roughness, 
sharpness, pungency. 

P^b yl dturbdn, A monk, a devotee. 
A jy\ atmaz, Of noble origin, 
p «-iiy\ atusha, Name of king Shapur's aunt. 
A *yl atum, Broken, ripped open, two holes 
burst into one. A woman to whom such a disaster 
has occurred. Small about the privities (woman). 
P yl dtun, A schoolmistress who teaches 
reading, writing, and embroidery. The secundine 
or membrane which encloses the foetus. 

A ^^y'\ atun, (pi. ^^ utun) An oven, furnace. 
A lime-kiln. Utun, (v. n. of ^^\) Residing, stay- 
ing, tarrying. 

A (i,j-->^ attun, (pi. (Jii^^^ atdnm) An oven. A 
furnace. A lime-kiln. 

A Oliyl atundt, (pi. of «3y Wf»7na<) Furnaces. 
A ^y\ atturiiy, One who lights the fires in a 
bath, furnace, or kiln. 

A &fcy\ U md atnahu, How bewildered he is ! 
How proud he is ! 

A ^\^\ ittihdb,(y.n.8o{i^j) Acceptinga 

gift- ' , 

A Jl^l ittihdl, (v. n. 8 of JaI) Marrying a 

wife. Founding a family. 

A *ljj\ it-hdm, (v. n. 4 of ^) Travelling to Ti- 
hamah. Discovering a comitry to be imhealthy. 
Suspecting, doubting. 

A jX^ \ ittihdm, (v. n. 8 of J^J ) Suspecting some- 
thing bad. Being suspected. 

A (^l dtJ, Coming. Subsequent, future. The 
second letter of a word. mW^^ (3 1 dti'lbaydn, 
About to be explained. 

A jOl ata', (fut. ^b yatt'i) He came. 

A /^\ a<y,(v.n.ofj3\) Coming,arriving: coming 
unawares, surprising. Destroying. Coming toge- 
ther, copulating, knowing carnally. Doing, ef- 
fecting. The motion of (a horse's) fore-feet in run- 
ning. Jto', (pi. s>\^\ itdt and ^\ ufty) Any thing 
flowing on the water (as leaves). •CLf"^'^ U^j* ^^ 
min hdhuna utita. From this quarter thou hast 
been troubled. 

A ^j\ atta', (for ^p- hatta') Unto, until. 

A "^j^ afiy, Foreign, outlandish, unlooked-for. 



An unexpected oveiflow of water. (pi. of 'ijo\ 
itarvat) 'Bribes. Atti/,itti/, andudi/jWateThroiight 
into a field, particularly from another's ground. 
Utiy or ifty, (v. n. of ^^\) Coming. 

A Ajl3\ ittiias, (v. n. 8 of t/'j) Receiving, or 
being gratified by, a promise. 

A UJ\ij\ ittisah, (v. n. 8 of »— 'Ij) Being 
ashamed, disgraced, put to the blush. 

A liVjol ittisad, (v.n. 8 of li'j ) Proceeding gently. 

A O"^^ ati/as, (pi. of (j«j3 toys) He-goats. 

A (_>-U3\ ittisas, (v. n. 8 of (j-O.) Despairing. 

A A3\ ittiyam, (v. n. 8 of j^) Slaughtering a 

ep or camel which had been kept for milking. 

A (jL)\ ityan, (or SiLo\ ityanat) (v. n. of ^\) 
Coming. Arrival, accession, meeting. Coition. 

A jL5\ atyah, (pi. of e~3 t'lh) Deserts. 

A «J 1 atiyat, (fem.) Coming, future. Futurity. 
_jil Lj I atiyat (or «J\ atyatu) 'Ijurhi, The pus 
or matter of a sore. 

A Jt * ■'') iitay shut, A'knare, a low fellow. Weak- 
headed, unable to fight. 

A ^\ atya?, One who commits repeated acts 
of folly. A place over whose surface vapour floats. 

A (joT atin, (in zand and Paz.) Manifest, dis- 
closed. Collected together. 

A ii3\ atyah, A wanderer about in astonishment. 
Proud, arrogant, haughty. ik^\ U ma atyahahu, 
How bewildered he is ! How proud he is ! 

A CLj\ ass, Luxuriant, involved, entangled (hair 
or shrubs). Fleshy and plump (woman). 
■ A •*\$\ istos, (v. n. 4 of ;^b) Wounding and kill- 
ing. Breaking, bursting (the stitches of a leathern 
tttle). Sewing large holes with a fine thread. 
A -^G^ istti, Stones. 
A S-*\S\ isasat, (v. n. 4 of U^) Hitting with an 
row. (v. n. 4 of Ai for 1y ) Shooting, striking 
one with an arrow. 

tA t-.>\S\ asab, (or u->u^ assab) Name of a tree. 
A «j\j\ isabat, (v. n. 4 of (_->\5 for C_..>y) He- 
rding. Filling (a well or cistern). Recovering 
health. Making haste. Doing over again. 

A li\>\ asabiy, (pi. of *ij\ usKyat) Bodies, 
troops of men. 

A l1j\j\ a^as, (v. n. of O^) Growing luxuriantly 
(herbage) ; being thick, entangled, involved (shrubs 
or hair). Having large plump hips and thighs (a 
woman), (pi. »ii\ aj^ssat or <,L*i\ urns) Household 
furniture, baggage. Wealth of any kind in money, 
land, or slaves. Isas, (pi. of t.l*->^ asis) Luxuriant, 
entangled (trees or grass). Fleshy. 

A w\S\ asasat, (v. n. of t^\) Growing luxuri- 
antly ( herbage), being thick, entangled, involved 
(shrubg or hair). Being plump and fleshy (a 
woman). Any one particular species of wealth. 

A l^^\ asMy, Wealthy. Wealth. Trivets. 

Aj^l (kar, (pi. ofj5^ asar) Impressions, indi- 
cations, signs, vestiges. Traditions, annals of me- 

( 21 ) 

morable sayings or events. Jo y\ al asar, The 
traditions of Muhammad. Joi)\ ^i^ zit'l asar, 
Name of Aswad, a satirical poet. sSJxmJo I asari 
sanawiya, Chronicles, w^lff- .131 wmri ^Iwiya, 
Sublime impressions, i. e. meteors. ,blj*^jLs»-l 
akhhari mufjiz-dsar, Wonderful narrations. Se- 
veral books relative to traditions, history, geogra- 
phy, the planets, &c., bear the name of ,13 1 asdr. 
Asdr, (or jb\ as^ar) (pi. of .u sa^) Retaliations. 

aJj\ issdr, (v. n. 4 of jU) Obtaining revenge. 

A L-jJj\ asdrib, (pi. of L- JjS\ asrub, pi. of L-^ 
sarh) Thin cauls of fat covering the intestines. 

A iXi\ asdrat. The commemoration of tradi- 
tions, sayings, or actions of any one, particularly 
of Muhammad. The remains of any thing. ^\^ 
*jji» 'ijO\ iola' a^drati shaysin, Upon the traces 
of any thing ; as if something already existing were 
followed by its like (as when anger is excited in 
the mind of an angry man, or when an accession 
of fat is made to any thing already fat). Isdrat, 
(v. n.4 ofjb for-y) Raising dust, forcing it into a 
more impetuous motion ; ploughing. Exciting se- 
dition, raising a mob. Starting (game). Studying 
deeply (the Kur'an). 

A Jj\5\ asdfiy, (or (j\3^ amfi) (pi. of '»jSo\ 
usfiyat or isfiyat) Trivets. Certain stars lying 
near the constellation called ji>ii5\ (jj\jratsu'lkidr. 
(j\3^\ »ii\j sdlisatu'l asdfi, The third trivet ; the 
projecting part of a mountain, which, together with 
two stones, is employed by the Badawin Arabs to 
support a kettle. A ringleader in mischief, (•^j* 
jjb^\ ftiJliJ marjumun bi sdlisati'l asdfi, Over- 
whelmed by the last and sorest misfortune. 

A J^\3\ asdk'il, (pi. of Jj6s«\ ttshul) Clusters 
of dates. 

A Jbl asdl, or usal, Glory, nobility. Isdl, (pi. 
of «lS\ aslat) Roots, origins. Stocks, substances. 
Usdl, Surname of one of Muhammad's companions. 
Name of several places in Arabia. 

A f,\S\ dsdm, (pi. of ^\ ism) Crimes, sins. 

A (.\5\ asdm, (v. n. of J\) Convicting of guilt. 
Punishing for crimes. A criminal. Name of an 
infernal river, the Styx. Asdm, or isdm, A mulct, 
fine, punishment for crimes. 

A *b\ assdm, A criminal. 

A (<«\3) asdmt, A defendant in a law-suit. 

A ^jo'iS asdnin, (pi. of ^JcS\ isndni) Mondays. 

A »jl5\ isdwat, (v. n. of \jl for y\) Carrying or 
citing before a judge ; informing against, calum- 
niating, whispering. 

A *)j\S\ asdwilat, Tedious old men. 

A wG\ isdyat, (v. n. of ^^) Citing before a 
judge. Whispering. Usdyat, asdyat, or isdyat. 
Name of a well between Mecca and Madina. 

A i^\5l asdtis, (pi. of ti*^^ asis) Plump, jolly, 
handsome, tall and full grown (women). 


A i_>3^ asab, Name of a tree. 

A Cj\^\asbdt,(\)\.ofCj^sabt)Trnsty friends. 
Isbdt, (v.n. 4of jJIaJO) Confirming, corroborating. 
Fixing, recording, registering. Knowing for a 
certainty. Afiirmation, proof. 

A\ asbdj, (pi. of ^ sabaj) Middles (of 
shoulder-blades, or of seas). 

AjL>l isbdr, (v.n. 4 of^) Ruining, destroying. 

A i^Ls^ asbdt, (pi. of \a^ sabit) Fools, slug- 
gards. Isbdt, (v. n. 4 of ia*)) Hardly quitting one 

A (jU>^ isbdn, (v.n. 4 of (jo) Carrying (dates) 
in the skirt of one's garment. 

A iu>^\ alasabat. Name of a country in Arabia 
abounding in palm-trees. 

A ^\ asbaj. One who has the middle of the 
back prominent. Big-bellied. Broad-backed, 

>^jj^ isbijrdr, (v. n. 4o{j^ Q.) Trembling 
with fear. Being overwhelmed with consternation . 
Retreating, fleeing away. Being weak and in- 
competent to achieve (a business), and returning 
from it. Flowing (water). 

A 'ixjS usbiyat, (pi. of ^b^ asabiy) A crowd, 
troop, body.. 

A »-LisAr ' isbydj, (v. n. 11 of ^) Being full, 
thick, large, corpulent, and flabby. 

A y(~S\ isbirdr, (v. n. 11 ofjO) Being loth to 
perform, abstaining from, hanging back. 

A liliLJl istividd, (v. n. 8 oi Cy^) Going to drink 
at S^ samad, 

A -*laJ\ isjds, (v. n. 4 of l^ for yd) Putting to 
silence. Throwing furniture into confusion. 

A (.Wl isjdm, (v. n. 4 of ^) Raining heavily. 
Continuing, acquiring perpetuity. 

A j^\ a.yar. Thick and broad. A short and 
broad-headed an'ow. 

A ^y^\ asjal. Large-bellied (man), and fat un- 
der the short ribs. A spacious wallet. The widest 
part of a valley. (J^jl^^^ ftjj«l> tafctnahu'l asja- 
layn, He addressed him in abusive language. 

A i_jl^l as-hdf, (pi. of \_ °-^ sihf or sahif) 
Certain parts of the intestines of cattle. 

A (o^^ iskhdn, (v. n. 4 of (m*) Enfeebling (a 
wound). Inflicting wounds. Slayingwith carnage. 
Conquering. Striving, straining every nerve. 

A (_f iW^ asdl, (with tanwin iiM>\ asdin, pi. of 
(jMsady or sirfy) Breasts, either of man orwoman. 

A jI dsar. More or most impressive. Asir, 
Who or what joins. A relater, a recorder. A re- 
corder of traditions. One who marks a camel in the 
foot. (^.liJ 0\ii j>l dsii-a zdti yadayn, (or ^j'^ 
(^.iW 2^2 yadayn) Before all things, in the first place. 
U kJ> I dsiram. md, (or_^\ (^0 .3 1 dsira zi asiHn) 
In the first place. 

aS \ asara, (fut.j\>_yassnm)Ile made to follow. 

Aj)\ asr, (v. n. ofj\) Relating, alleging, hand- 
ing down by tradition. Asr, isr, or usur, (pi. .yl 

usur) The glittering surface of a bright sword. 
^Jr^*• JjO \p\ yatluhu asran ha^a ^ynin. 
He seeks for any vestiges of something he has lost. 
/*r, After, subsequent to. Fresh, the best part of 
butter. »^\^ Ml/a' t«nAi, At his heels. Immedi- 
ately after. Isra (or asara) ^J>.J^^ t/^ '« asirayn. 
Before all things. I'fr, The scar of a healed wound. 
The purest part of butter. Gracefuhiess or comeli- 
ness of countenance. A mark made on the soles of 
the feet of camels by the impression of which upon 
the ground they can be traced when straying in 
the deserts. Asar (v. n. ofjj\) Commencing, set- 
ting about. Resolving, purposing, giving one's 
whole attention to. Doing a good work, any thing 
pious, memorable, or illustrious, (pi. jU I asar and 
jy\ vsur) A mark, sign, impression, vestige, track, 
remains. A history, memorial, relation, tradition ; 
a collection of traditions relative to the actions and 
sayings of Muhammad, the Simna, or unwritten 
law, with regard to wliich the Muhammadans are 
divided into two great sects, one called Sunnites, 
who believe in these traditions, the other the Shiites, 
or followers of Aliy, who reject them. — The Turks 
are of the first sect, the Persians of the latter. 
lj>\ }\c- tnla' asarihi, Immediately after him, at 
his heels. ii5L3\ j>\ asaru'l biiad, The history of 
countries, t j>\ 4i-i,»»- kfiTVurshed-asar, Resplen- 
dent, bright like the sun. ji^ (JJ— ^ talmn-asar, 
Worthy of approbation. ji\ 0^<aJ . V ...S' Mshari 
nutrat-asar, An army celebrated for victory, a 
victorious army, a Asir, Studious of excelling. 
Asur, Excellent. Studious of excelling. Usur, 
The scar of a healed woimd. The gracefulness of 
the cotmtenance. 

A Ay\ asrat, (pi. of ij^ sara') Moistures. 
Dusts, earths. Isrdi, (v. u.4oi\j> for jJ ) Being 
rich. (v. n. 4 oi^JJ) Being very moist (the ground). 
Wetting the ground (rain). 

A (-->^^ israb, (v. n. 4 of i— Jj>) Blaming, 
chiding. Being very fat (a wether). 

A ^^j>\ issirad, (v.n. 8ofii^) Cnimbling small. 

PjV^ asrar, Barberries. 

A tj\j>^ isrdrat, Barberries. 

A ^\J\ iiram, (v. n. 4 of »y) Causing the teeth 
to fall out. 

A t--»y^ a^n'6, Name of Madina. Asrub, (pi. of 
t— y mrh) Thin cauls of fat coating the intestines. 

A ^_i^\ airUny, Of the city of Madina. 

A 'ij)\ aitrat, (v. n. ofy^) Jlaking a particular 
mark on the sole of a camel's foot. Vsrat, israt, 
or (uarat, (v. n. ofji\) Being studious of excelling. 
A desire to excel. Israt, A great, noble, memo- 
rable work. Usrat, or asarat. Whatever remains 
of any science. Usrat, The commemoration of 
traditions, sayings, or acts of any one, and parti- 
cularly of Muhammad. A barren year. A dis- 
agreeable condition. A great, noble, magnificent 

( 22 ) 

work, any thing that procures reputation, worthy 
of remembrance. Hereditary honour, virtue. A 
mark made on the sole of a camel's foot, ^^li »/' 
j^\ usrata ei asirin, In the first place. Asarat, 
Excellence, pre-eminence. 

vj\iji\ asar-dar. Informed, conversant with. 

A y^;^^ usruddn, Bread crumbled, grated, or 
sliced, for putting into milk or broth. 

p j\^j3\ asar-tirdz, A historian, a writer. j>\ 
ii\^jJ»-\ ^J^li^ asar-tirazani ijtihad, Sacred writers. 

A j,y\ asram, One whose teeth (the front ones 
particularly) are falling or knocked out. (In pros.) 
Cut off (as when ^ytifa^d is shortened into JjP 
fS/). y^J^^^ «^ asramani, (Night and day) as 
interrupting each other. 

A )s>\X>J)\ isrimmat, (v. n. 3 of ky Q) Being 
swollen (a leathern bottle). Swelling with rage 
(a man). Prevailing over one (anger). 

A J^J''^ hrimbaj, (v. n. 3 of ^j5 Q not used) 
Being thoroughly roasted (the skin of a camel). 

A-*bJ^\ isrintas. Fleshiness about the breast. 

A A^Ji\ i»rindas, (v. n. 15 of lip ) Being fleshy. 

A IsjS asra', Wealthy (man). Usra', (v. n. 
ofy\) Being studious of excelling. A desire to 
excel, ambition of excelling. 

A ^j>\ asariy. One who relates traditions, par- 
ticularly those of Muhammad. 

A )ai\ asatt, Thin-bearded, thin of hair. 

A 'W^\astat, (pi. of^ «a«) Thin-bearded men. 

A jl*>l issifar, (v. n. 8of yO) Examining care- 
fully, scrutinizing uncertain rumours. 

A JIjo\ h^l, (v. n. 4 of iJjO) Being very nu- 
merous (guests). Being extensive and intricate 
(business). Thronging, crowding round a drink- 
ing-place. Being high (wages). Opposing, re- 
sisting. Aboimding in foxes (a country). 

A (oV*^^ usiuban, Flowing water. Usfuban, 
or "J\jjo\ tisfubaiiiy, Large, fair, handsome face. 

A ^»»>^ ascabiy, A large,fair, and handsome face. 

A jjo\ asMl, One whose teeth grow out from 
the side of the gum. A corpulent man. A man 
of distinction. 

At A 

A -.\i**^ is^njah, (v.n. 3 of j^ Q) Raining 
much and without ceasing. 

A j\i^ isfinjdr, (v. n. Sy^Q) Being poured. 

A u-'jjoI uspub. Flowing water. 

A ViJo\ ughat, (v. n. 4 of W iov yti') Giving. 
Forcing (a sheep) to bleat. Giving away a sheep. 

A (_jUj\ asghdh, (pi. of >_.<«> saghb) Springs 
or reseiToii-s in glens or groves never visited by 
the rays of the sun. 

Aj\i>\ isghdr, (v. n. 4 of^jb) Losing the front 
teeth. Cuttinir one's teeth. Strikins on the mouth. 

aJJci\ issighar, (v.n.8 ofj«>)Cutting the front 
teeth. Losing the front teeth. 

A Aii\ isghdm, (v. n. 4 of ^) Producing the 
plant »U> saghdm. Becoming white as this plant 

(the head). Filling. Irritating. Delighting. 

A A^\ asghimds, (pi. of pUj saghdm) Moun- 
tain-plants of the wormwood species. 

A i»jST d-iif, Following. A sectary, a follower. 

A i_i5 i asafa, (fut. i^Jiibyassifu) He followed. 

A (_aSl as/, (v. n. of t_ft^l) Driving away. Fol- 
lowing: seeking, pursuing. Placing (a pot) on a 
trivet. ^«!/", Firm, steady, immoveable. AfoUower. 

A Aso\ iifat, (v. n. 4 of IflJ for^) Making a 
trivet for a pot. Placing (a pot) on a trivet. 
Having had three wives. 

A jli3\ asfdr, (pi. of^^ safar) Cnippere. /«- 
far, (v. n. 4 of Jo) Making or putting on a crup- 
per. Tying on to the tail. Striking on the back- 
side. Driving forward. Bringing forth (a goat). 

A Jli>\ isfdl, (v. n. 4 of Ji>) Depositing sedi- 
ment (liquor). 

A ^J^^ isfdn, (v. n. 4 of fjio) Hardening the 
hands (labour). 

A sJsuS usfiyat or isflyat, (pi. ^bl asdfiy or 
j\i\ asdfi) A stone used to prop a pot, a trivet. A 
great number. A multitude of men. 

A L— >la_>l iskdb, (v. n. 4 of i^'a )) Kindling. 

A I jlaj\ isltaf, (v. n. 4 of (_-ftfl-)) Being made 

equal and like. 

A Jlaj\ askdl, (pi. of Ji_> Slid) Burdens, loads, 
incumbrances, impediments, baggage, equipage, 
train, suite. f^J^\ jULj) ashdlu 'I arz, The trea- 
sures of the earth. Men buried in it. Faults. Ishdl, 
(v. n. 4 of JJL>) Bearing heavily (a load). Over- 
coming (as sleep). Putting in pain (as disease or 
guilt). Loading heavily. Oppressing, afflicting. 
Being pregnant (a woman). 

A t._>a_>\ askub, (pi. of (_*LJ sakb) Holes. 

A t_o a' .)\ askaf, Sour, sourest. 

A ^yLi\ askal, More or most heavy, heavier. 

A t-»jib\ uskub, One who meddles much with 
business, penetrating. 

A J\^\ ishdl, (for JKiP ^skdl) (pi. J,^\ am- 
kil) A branch of a palm-tree bearing unripe dates. 
Iskdl, (v. n. 4 of Ji3) Bereaving a woman of her 
cliildren. Being bereaved of her children (amother). 

A Jj^l ttskul, (pi. (J-i\3\ asdk'd) A palm-branch 
bearing unripe dates. A cluster of dates. 

A ^^>^\ uskun, A palm-branch ; the stalk of a 
bunch of dates. 

A Jj 1 asala,{M. ^^b,yassilu) It was well rooted. 

A Ji\ asl, (pi. Jyl usil) A tamarisk-shrub. 

A 13^^ asall. Rich in sheep and wool. 

A (_J^^1 asldb, (pi. of cJo silb) Worn-out 
camels. Old men. 

A C>5^\ asBt, Large prickly tamarisks. 

A Li->!^>j\ asBs, (pi. of cLJS «!(/*•) Thirds. Islds, 
(v. n. 4 of cUi) Becoming three in number. 

A ^\ Isldj, (v. n. 4 of ij) Snowing. Being 
snowy (the day). Entering in, being overtaken 
by the snow. Digging till mud is reached. Being 


peaceful and joyful. Rendering joyful. Failing 
(water in a well), (for -.^^ ifly) Good fortune, 
victory, success. 

A J^\ isldl, (v. n. 4 of J^^) Causing to be 
restored (what had fallen down). Abounding in 
a species of wool called aLm sallat, or in flocks. 

A *_A>\ islah or aslab, Earth or stones, or small 
frs^ments of either. 

A SJJl asht, (pi. Jl)\ isai) Root, stock, origin. 
Honour, glory, character, dignity. A fund, sub- 
Stance, provision for an undertaking. The tama- 
L risk species. Ujilol jj C^- ^ huwa yanhatu 
ft aslatina, He vilifies our character. Aslat or 
asalat, Household furniture. 

A ^j^\ aslcujliiy, Penis. 

A jjiil aslak, Seed of the agnus castus. 

A A>\ aslam, Broken-edged, notched (sword), 
pierced, broken, or ci-acked (wall). Cut off (proso- 
dial foot, as when JyJ/asSi becomes J^ sSZ). 

A ol a»"{m, A sinner, culprit. Slow. Fatigued. 

A >) 1 asima,{ivLt. 3 hyassamu) He was a sinner. 

A o\ a«»ft, (v. n. of o\) Convicting of guilt. 
Ism, (v. n. of ^V) Sinning, doing any thing for- 
bidden. A sin, crime, offence ; any thing forbid- 
den, as wine, dice, &,c. Asim, A sinner. 

A (>\/\ ismad, (v. n. 4 of ^) Draining dry. 

A iil<r\ issimad, (v. n. 8 of li^) Going to drink 
at S( samad. 

A jlf \ agmdr, (pi. of j<^ samar) Fruits. Ismdr, 
(v. n. 4 of j»>) Bearing fruit. Having particles of 
butter adhering to its sides (a chum). Multiply- 
ing, increasing. 

A Jl»i\ imiidl, (v. n. 4 of J.^) Causing aught to 
settle at the bottom of a cistern. Being very frothy. 

A jjW>l (avian, (pi. of j^ samari) Prices, (pi. 
of f^ sumun) Eighths. (pi. of ^jrtp sam'in) 
Eighths. Precious. Isman, (v. n. 4 of ^^) Com- 
pleting the number eight. Watering (camels) on 
the eighth day. Paying a just price. 

A *♦> I a-iimat, (fem. of ^ 1 d-sirn) Slow-paced. 
Tired. C»lvl ^^nuk aximdt, Jaded she-camels. 

A t^\ asmad, Name of a place. Ismid, (or 
usmud) A stone from which antimony is prepared. 

A ^^\ a-sman, More or most valuable, precious. 
Asmun,(^or'il3\aiminat)(pl. of f^saman) Prices. 

Ajli\x»>\ ixiriiddd, (v. n. 11 of iW) Being fat. 

A ^^\ usn, (pi. of *i>\ usTiat) Thick groves of 
thorny trees. Usun, Statues, figures, idols. 

A Al>\ agnds, (pi. of ^ giny) Plaits, foldings. 
Windings of rivers, (pi. of ^j^^ isndni) Second 
days, Mondays. In Pereian this word often occurs 
in the sense of Middle, interval, included space ; 
whilstjduring: as, p l\ (_yU)^ .li dar asndfi rdh,ln 
tlie middle of the road, whilst travelling, a Isnds, 
(v. n. 4 of jX>) Losing the front teeth. Rising six 
years old (a camel). Praising, panegyrizing. Dispa- 
raging, defaming. 

( 23 ) 


A f\ii\issi7idi,(y.n.^ of j^) Being bent, folded. 
Turning back, returning. Walking pompously. 

AjLS' Uj' isnd Mshara, (mas.) Twelve. 

jjliJi isndn, (v. n. 4 of ^) Becoming worn 
out (an old man). Isnd?ii, Two. (pi. fi\Si\ asndt 
and tijjJu asdnin) Monday. i^\^\ (o^^ isndni is- 
ndni, Two and two. 

A s^S iisnat, (pi. ^^ \ usn') A thick, thorny grove. 

A M^J>*>^ isnatdni, (fem.) Two. 

A {jyi\ isnaidiy, One who keeps every Mon- 
day a private fast. 

A '^^\ isn'iy, Relating to two. 

A sjuil asniyat, (pi. of -^lij sandi) Praises, en- 
comiums, prayers. 

A s^.J^S- j_jj\ isnay ^hariyat, Name of a sect 
of Muhammadans who follow the twelve Imams. 

A lijOl lijOl isnayni isnayni, Two and two 
(they came). ti)0^\ M^^yawmu 'lisnayn, Monday. 

A -''l.ixS^ isninds, (v. n. 12 of (_ji) Being bent, 
doubled, folded. Retreating. 

A jil isw, (v. n. of \i\ for j3\) Informing, im- 
peaching. Slander. 

A A^\ isrcds, (v. n. 4 of t^^) Continuing in 
any abode. Causing to tarry. Receiving hospitably. 

A L— ' ly ^ asndh, (pi. of l—Jy sanb) Vestments, 
clothes, garments. Is7vdh, (v. n. 4 of i— *0 for 
L-JjJ) Rewarding, recompensing. 

Aj^y\ asivdr, (pi. of .y sawr) Bulls. Large 
pieces of sour curd, quite dry. 

A L-Jy \ a«ww& or (_.>y Wj«6, (pi. of u.»y sawh) 
Garments (implying a small quantity). 

A i^y V usus, (v. n. of ijj>\) Growing luxu- 
riantly (herbage), being thick and entangled. 
Having fleshy hips (a woman). 

Ajy\ USUI', (pi. ofy\ asr) The dazzling reful- 
gencies of a bright sword when flourished in the 
sun. (pi. ofj!>\ asar) Vestiges. 

A Jy\ asrval, (pi. Jy sii/) Foolish, insane, lazy, 
slow. Affected by a torpor or vertigo (a disease 
peculiar to sheep or goats). Usui, (v. n. of ^y>\) 
Being firmly rooted, (pi. of (Jj\a«Z) Tamarisk-trees. 

A J^y\ iswildl, (v. n. 9 of Ju for Jy ) Having 
the staggers (a sheep). 

A |»«3l asum, A sinner. A liar. 

A j^yi assun, (or (jyi attun) A furnace. 

A ^^.i^'^ aswiydf, (pi. of !j^ sawiy) Guests. 

A fj, \ asa', (fut. (^b yassV) He falsely accused. 

A ^J asiy, An informer, slanderer, whisperer. 

Aj\jj\ issifdr, (for.U^^ istifdr) (v. n. 8 ofjO) 
Taking revenge. 

A j^\ usayhij, (dim. of^\asbaj) One who has 
a little prominence in the middle of the back. 

A (^J\ asis, (pi. i^v\ isds) Luxuriant, in- 
volved, entangled (as shrubs or hair). Large, big. 
Fleshy,full of flesh and blood, large about the hips. 

A 2iijL>\ as'tsat, (pi. *.Lo^\ asd^is) Plump, jolly, 
handsome, tall, full-grown (woman). 

A f^iy^\ usayddi, Name of a part of the market- 
place of l&Ks- ^kdz. 

pjola«r. Tears of gi'ief. Aballoffire; thesun. 

A^l astr. Excellent, chosen, selected. An in- 
timate friend. The glittering surface of a bright 
sword. Sky, jether. jO\ ^j^ Jjl awrvala zl 
tmrin, In the first place. j)j\jjp kaslr asir. 
Much. Usayr, (dim. o{j>\ asar) A little sign. 
Name of a physician. 

A HjWl asirat, A beast of burden, whose foot 
makes a deep impression in the ground, tj'ii ijfi\ 
jiA asirata zl asirin, At first, in the first place ; 
above all thinscs. 

pj*)\ asij, Southernwood. A spark of fire. 

A ,3^1 asyal, (pi. J-J sit) Large-sheathed (ca- 
mel). Asil, Radical, firm. Noble, illustrious. Jj^ 
j-j\ rnajd asil, Firmly-established glory. Usayl, 
Name of a valley near Madina, fruitful in dates. 
s)u>^\ C-i^i zdtu'lusaylat, Name of a place. 

A |*Jo\ asirn, A sinner, criminal. A liar. Fre- 
quent in sinning. A name of J^ y^ abujahl. 

A «<o\ asimat, Frequent in sinning. 

A {^\ asin, Radical, firm. Illustrious. 

A 'ilyi\ussiyat,A. crowd,multitude,congregation. 

p _ I q/. Desire, avidity. 

p ^\aj, A. little. A tamarisk. A gourd. Vj, 
A wager, a stake at play. 

A IS ajj, (v. n. of -j,\) Rimning, hastening one's 
pace, running as the ostrich, partly running, partly 
flying, whose motion makes a certain noise. At- 
tacking. Instigating, exciting, inflaming. 

A \s~\ ajasa, (fut. u^i. yufjasii) He ran away. 

A \>-\ ajas, Name of a mountain in Arabia, anil 
of a town in Egypt. 

A ■*l»-l iJMf, (v. n. 4 of (_^*-) Being of a dark 
bay colour (a horse). 

A 'if\»-\ ajaMt, Name of a place. Ijdsat, (v. 
n. 4 of >W for L»>) Bringing. Compelling, con- 
straining, forcing. Sewing a patch upon a shoe. 

A I— 'V^ y^^> -^^ answer. 

A wl»-^ ijdhat, (v. n. 4 of u->\s«- for (— ->j»-) 
Answering, consenting, admitting, complying with, 
humouring, listening to. An answer. 

A i^U-\ iJMS, (v. n. 4 of t.i*A2>-) Weighing 
down, causing to move slowly (a burden). 

A ^W"^ V"j> (P^- of *?-^ ^yi^O Heats. Ujdjy 
Brackish water. 

A ^^\ W^jt Burning, scorching. The sun. 

A'ij>\»-\ ajdjirat, (or jif>-\»-\ ajdjir) (pi. of 
\»-\ ijjdr) Platforms on tops of houses for air. 

A tJJ?'^'^ oj^ft'h (pl- of ftiU-l ijjdnat, q. v.). 

A ^V^ ajdh, ijdli, or ujdh, A veil, a curtain. 

A «»■ 

U-\ ijdhat, (v. n. 4 of _U- for 

Ruining, destroymg, eradicating. 

A liW^ ijdd, Anything resembling a small arch. 

A »iiV»-^ ijddat, (v. n. 4 of ijU- for ^^) Saying 
or doing any thing good. Proclaiming any thing 

good. PoaaenBg a generous horse. Paying in 
good ready money. Giving money. Being irri- 
gated copiously (afield). BegettingagenerousBon. 

A i«^o\*.\ ajadib, (pi. of <--"*^^ ajiiub, pi. of 
uy J«> jadh) Scarcities, dearths. Barren places. 

A J.>V^ ajadil, (pi. of Jja.\ ajdal) Hawks of 
a certain kind. 

A j\».T (ijar, (pi. o{jf\ ajr) Prices, rents, hires, 
wages. Women's marriage portions. 

A jW\ ajiar, More robust or corpulent. 

A \>-\ ijar, (v. n. ofj»-\) Being healed (a bro- 
ken or dislocated bone). 

A^»-\ ijjar, (fl. jX»-\»-\ ajajtr or »;»-»-i 
ajajirai) A platform on the house-top, very com- 
mon in the East for the benefit of air. 

A (--'(V^ ajarib, (pi. of i—^^ ajrab) Scabby. 

A tj\»-\ ijarai, (v. n. 4 ofjW forjj»-) Protect- 
ing, rescuing, delivering, shielding from oppression. 
Turning (any one) out of the road. Putting (house- 
hold utensils) into a case or cupboard. Becoming 
a guide or escort. Ijarat, ajarat, or vjdrat, Price, 
hire, wages, rent, profit, emolument. A privilege, 
or income of variable amount, sold or let for a 
fixed sum. p ^^ti^^JJ>■\ ijdra kardan, To let to 
a tenant. 

A dJ»-\ ajarid, (pi. oi iij>\ ajrad) Open coun- 
tries bare of vegetation. 

p.\ii tj\sf\ ijara-ddr, A farmer or renter of 
land or of revenue. A lease-holder. A monopolist. 

A ijW) ijdzat, (v. n. 4 ofjW forj^) Causing 
(an opinion) to pass, penetrate, or be received. 
Causing to pass by, sending, despatching. Giving 
leave. Permission, dispensation ; sanction, appro- 
val ; discharge, dismissal. Leaving behind. Con- 
firming, ratifying. Giving to drink. Giving wa- 
ter for the purposes of irrigation. Conferring a fa- 
vour. Making an assault upon a wounded man 
with intent to kill. Terminating the hemistich of 
another's poem. Finishing the verses of a poem 
with the letters la and i> alternately. P <^^V^ 
jjjtSb ijazat dadan, To give leave. {^$ C^^\ 
ija^-at ffirijian, To take leave. 

r »ly>" Oj\>-\ ijdzat-khndh, Asking leave. 

p i,j^^\yds,A. species of Damasc plum,a prune. 

A ^j-W-^ vjath, A mixed crowd. 

A i^\»-\ (y«*) (A foreign word introduced into 
Arabic) A plum. An apricot. A pear. 

A *jl.o\j>-\ ijjwnyat, Prune-soup. 

A «P\»-) ijd^t, (v. n. 4 of cW for fj>-) Starv- 
ing, famishing one. 

A li\tf\ ijFifai, (v.n. 4 of (_jU-fon_j^) Shut- 
ting the door. Penetrating into the heart of any 
thing. Spearing into the inside of the belly, (v. n. 
4 of i_JV for !—%>■) Stinking (a dead body). 

P tiJl*- 1 ajdk, Earth, dust. 

A JU.T ajal, (pi. of J»-< ijl) Herds of wild 
oxen. (pi. of ^^\ ajal) Fates. Fixed periods, 

( 24 ) 

appointed terms. Deaths. 

A ei\»-\ ijdlat, (v. n. 4 of JU for Jjs-) Caus- 
ing to turn round. Rounding. 

A JU^ ajalid, (pi. of ^^ ajlad) Hard, solid 
places, (pi. of (>^\ ajlad) Bodies, persons. 

A ^W ajSrtd,(j>\.ofi%r'^ ajlad) Hard(places). 

A (.UT djam, Frogs, (pi. of j^\ ajm or ujum.) 
A kind of quadrangular structures on the tops of 
houses. Fortifications, castles, (pi. of iJf i aja- 
mat) Thickets. 

A As^\ijdm,{^\.oi»£T\ajamat)'£oTes,ts. Lions' 
haunts or dens, the retreats of any animals. Reed- 
beds, cane-plantations. Frogs. 

A J*V^ ajdmil, (pl.ofJ.Jr) Full-grown camels. 

A i_-JV^ ajdnib, (pi. of j]^\ ajnably) Aliens. 

A A>\»-\ ijjdnat, (pi. O^W^ ajajln) A stone 
bottle, phial, cup, pitcher, or drinking-glass. A 
circle round the foot of a tree for irrigation. 

A iSj V^ ajdmid, or iSJ.j W^ ajdwid, (pi. of i)\y^ 
jawdd) Liberal, munificent, beneficent. 

A (/V^ ojsa\ Dark bay (horse). 

A \!Lj>-\ oja6&,Bunchless (camel). The privities. 

A >U»-\q;iaj, (pi. of L»-ja6a') Cisterns. Places 
where drawers of water stand. Ijbdt, (v n. 4 of 
W-) Producing mushrooms in great abundance 
(tlie earth). Overhanging, jutting out, being in 
a situation commanding a view. Selling standing 
corn before it is come to maturity, i. e. whilst in the 
blade. Hiding, concealing. (v. n. 4 of U»- for 
y^ ) Selling standing corn before it is ripe. Hiding 
one's camels from the tithe-collector. 

A (—-jLa-l ajhdh, (pi. of C,js^juhh) Wells (espe- 


A jj^\ ajhus, (pi. of ^u.-r-jaH Rising grounds 
of a reddish dusky colour. Mushrooms. Hollows 
wherein water collects. 

A ftf?-^ ajhah, One who has a large or promi- 
nent forehead. A lion. 

A #»-i 

\ ajjat, (pi. _V^ V^J) Warmth, inten 

cially deep). Jjbdb, (v. n. 4 of i— -«>■) Having a 
substance resembling froth (a camel's milk). 

A «;.U»-^ ajbdkh, Places abounding in palm- 
trees or stones. 

AjU>-\ ijbdr, (v. n. 4 ofj<>-) Compelling, con- 
straining. Forcing against one's will. Setting a 
broken bone. Considering one as a fatalist or pre- 
destinarian. Opposition. Constraint. 

A (^^L».\ ajbds, (pi. of {j"^ jibs) Cowards, 
knaves, worthless, base fellows. Bears' cubs. 

A jU>-\ ajbdl, (pi. of f^i^ jabal) Mountains. 
Ijbdl, (v. n. 4 of Jj^) Digging until hard gi'ound 
appears. Going towards a mountain. Creating, 
forming, moulding, firmly setting. Having arrow- 
heads of soft iron. Discovering (any one) to be a 
miser. Reciting with difiiculty (a poet). Striking 
something hard (a hoof). 

-* uW^ ijbdn, (v. n. 4 of (jy>.) Discovering or 
reputing one to be a coward. 

A ^\ ajbuh, (or _ljuj.l ajbdh) (pi. ot^jabh, 
jibh, or jvhh) Beehives. 

A i_r>*-^ ajbas, Weak, feeble. 

A Jj»-^ ajbnl, (pi. of J-». jabal) Mountains. 

•* CJ^?■^ ajban, More or most cowardly. Ajbun, 
(and fcUo.^ ajbinat) (pi. oi ^J^ jaiTtn) Temples. 

heat. Confusion, commotion, tumult. 6sI-^\ jj ^jfljl 
al kawmfi'l ajjat, The people (are) in a fermeni 

A f\^\ ijtibdf, (v. n. 8 of ^) Choosing 
electing, selecting. Collecting money from dii 
ferent places. 

A (_jLIs-\ ijtibdb, (v. n. 8 of i^-o-) Castrating) 

A iUV^ ijtibdz, (v. n. 8 of i>^s~) Stretching, 

AjJioA ijtibdr, (v. n. 8 ofj<?-) Having one's 
broken fortunes repaired. Repairing the broken 
fortune of a friend. 

A ^^V**^ ijtibdn, (v. n. 8 ^^^a*-) Discovering or 
reputing one a coward. Making (milk) into cheese. 

A »Uks-^ ijtibdk, (v. n. 8 of «J.»-) Finding (wa- 
ter) disagreeable and unwholesome. 

A (.l>\iJkr»-\ ijtisds, (v. n. 8 of i— »»-) Cutting, 
plucking up, extirpating. 

A M'^S ijtihds, (v. n. 8 of U.^ for_jac^) Ex- 
tirpating, eradicating. 

xXi^' ijtihdr, (v. n. 8 ofjS^) Making a bur- 
row or den. 

A i^'^'^^ijtihdf, (v. n. 8 of u_ft*^) Pillaging, 
plundering. Exhausting (a well) entirely of water. 
Taking up hasty puddin g with three fingers. Sweep- 
ing, snatching away. 

A ^)iij!»-\ ijtidds, (v. n. 8 of \i^ for_jiij»-) Ask- ' 
ing for what one has need of. 

A Lij\;iJkj>-\ ijtidds, (v. n. 8 L^J*-) Preparing 
a tomb. Making a grave. 

A -.^i>^^ ijtiddh, (v. n. 8 of ^'^) Mixing up 
a ptisan. 

Aj\t>:."»-\ ijtiddr,(Y. n. 8 ofjii*-) Building a wall. 

A L->^<iJk»-^ ijtizdb, (v. n. 8 of (_^ is-) Stretch- 
ing, extending. Seizing, snatching, pulling, draw- 
ing, dragging. 

A J\i:i>\ ijtizdl, (v. n. 8 of Jjc»-) Being 
cheerful and merry. 

A Aj^\ ijtirds, (v. n. 8 oi jj>-) Being bold, 
bi-ave, intrepid. Courageously enduring or bear- 
ing up against. 

A ^J^\ ijtirdh, (v. n. 8 of -jf) Purchasing. 

AjIa?-^ Vtirdr, (v. n. 8 oij>-) Drawing, drag- 
ging, pulling. Ruminating, chewing the cud. 

A o«)/*-\ ijtirds, (v. n. 8 of ;_>-^) Gaining, 
acquiring. Striving, endeavouring. 

A {j^\j»-\ ijtirdsh, (v. n. 8 of i^jf) Earning 
a living for a family. Seizing forcibly, snatching. 

^ g]>=-^ ijtird^ (v. n. 8 of ^) Taking at one 
draught. Breaking (a stick). 

A i-i\ji>-\ ijtiraf, (v. n. 8 of v-J;*) Sweeping 


away in great numbers, depopulating. 

A (•5>»-^ ijtiram, (v. n. 8 of *^) Committing 
a crime. Cutting oif clusters of dates. Guessing at 
the produce of a palm-tree. Earning a living for 
a family. 

A i^Js»-\ ijtirdn, (v. n. 8 of (op-) Constructing 
a bin or place in which to store up dates. 

A Aji^-S ijtizas, (v. n. 8 of ^Ja-) Being satisfied, 
(v. n. 8 of {jyr) Requesting, asking recompense. 
Aj\j^\ ijtizar, (v. n. 8 of .J*-) Killing (a ca- 
mel). Taking (a sheep, &c.) to be slaughtered. 
Leaving (corpses) a prey for wild beasts. 

AjVf!>-Vj;i!Ka«,(v.n.8 of >-) Reaping, cutting, 
mowing. Shearing sheep. Cutting hair. 

A f\f»-\ ijtizdf, (v. n. 8of c >-) Lopping, se- 

A I >]p>-\ ijt'naf, (v. n. 8 of i— »J»-) Buying at 


A (t^p*-^ ijtizdm (v. n. 8 of |»J»-) Estimating by 
guess the produce of a palm-tree. Taking part and 
leaving part. Purchasing a sheep-fold. 

AjL-Jkw-^ ijtuar, (v. n. 8 of^f-<j>-) Crossing a 
desert. Sailing across the ocean (a ship). 

A (_)jLJk»-\ ijtkdg, (v. n. 8 of (jS^»-) Touching, 
feeling. Eating grass with their jaws (camels). 

A cL-i»-\ ijtisaf, (v. n. 8 of J-~>-) Throwing 
up (as a camel chewing the cud). 

A >lw>-l ijtuhdf, (v. n. 8 of V<i»-) Disagree- 
ing with any one (a climate). Finding a coimtry 
disagi-ee with one's self. 

A ^_)il.iJ»-^ ijtishdsh, (v. n. 8 of (ji^) Being 
luxuriant in vegetation. 

A i^\.ai»-\ ijtisds, (v. n. 8 of (_>»»-) Taking 
mortar or plaster. Approaching, coming near each 
other (a company of persons). 

A 1 — Jl«l»-\ ijfiiaf, (v. n. 8 of ^_ft«>•) Uprooting. 
I^P A JUio-l ijti^l, (v. n. 8 of J**) Taking. 
Receiving wages. Doing, making. 

A *U%\ ijtifds, (v. n. 8 of \i>-) Plucking up (a 
pot-herb by the root), throwing (it) away. (v. n. 
8 of li>- for ^a»-) Displacing. 

A Olii»-\ ijtifdt, (v. n. 8 of iJl*A>- not used) 
Carrying off" the whole. 

\JsCs>- \ ijtifdt; (v. n. 8 ofjSi»-) Becoming lan- 
guid (a stallion). 

A I — Jlii*.^ yf'fof, (v. n. 8 of »_»>■) Eating up 
^^e entire contents of a dish, 
^y A *ib9.\y<iZa^,(v.n.8 of ikif for j)i»-) Present- 
ing to the husband a bride unveiled and elegantly 
attired. Unbinding a turban from off one's head. 
Looking upon. Forcing to emigrate. 

A (—Jiki*-^ ijtildb, (v. n. 8 of t_Ji»-) Driving 
from place to place. 

A 05b^^ ijtildt, (v. n. 8 of C-Aa-) Striking. 
Eating or drinking all. 

A J!i)ci»\ ijtilM, (v. n. 8 of jis-) Duelling. 
Striking one another with whips. Drinking the 

( 25 ) 

entire contents of a cup. 

A l»^>:i>-\ ijtildt, (v. n. 8 of ia)j>-) Snatching, 
seizing, carrying off. Drinking the entire contents 
of a vessel. 

A ( Jikivl ijtildf, (v. n. 8of i_iis>-) Uprooting. 

A j5ki>-\ ijtildl, (v. n. 8 of JJ*-) Collecting ca- 
mels' dung for fuel. Taking the best of any thing. 
A j»il:i»-l ijtildm, (v. n. 8 of Ju>-) Cutting flesh 
from off the bones. 

A jlcJ»-\ ijtimd?; (v. n. 8 of^) Being perfumed 
with incense. Burning aloe- wood in a censer. 

A ftUJi^?-^ ijtimd^ (v. n. 8 of *if) Assembling, 
flocking together. Meeting together. Being ad- 
mitted, received. Arriving at manhood, and hav- 
ing a full grown beard. A concouree, congress. A 
heap. Unanimity. Conjunction. Concurrence. 

A ijy^\ ijtimdl, (v. n. 8 of J.*?) Melting fat : 
rubbing it on one's self. Eating of a camel. 

A >Uls.\ ijtinds, (v. n. 8 of (_j?-) Gathering, 
plucking. Coming on rain-water and drinking it. 
A l_jUj[j>-\ ijtindb, (v. n. 8 of (_*!>-) Shunning, 
avoiding, declining, flying, abstaining from, retir- 
ing ; removing to a distance. Being polluted. 

A w-UJkw-l ijtindh, (v. n. 8 of ^^) Leaning on 
the palms of the hands in adoration. Inclining to 
one side. Throwing all her weight forwards when 
running at full speed (a camel). 

A jjUl»-\ ijtindn, (v. n. 8 of (^) Being con- 
cealed. Being conceived in the womb. 

A -^^jJ!*-^ ijtircdi, (v. n. 8 of L?y>-) Finding a 
climate unhealthy. Loathing, nauseating. 

A .^^Jij>-\ ijtiwdr, (v. n. 8 of ,1*- for,^) Being 

A li^ij-^ ijtihdd, (v. n. 8 of J^j*-) Waging a 
religious war. Striving to accomplish any thing. 
Labouring hard or studying intensely to arrive at 
a correct and sound opinion or judgment. Care, 
effort, study, diligence. 

A (]^iS^Jk>. \ ijtihdcRy, Relating to a religious war. 
A j\.^Jk»-^ ijtihdr, (v. n. 8 of^^^) Cleaning out 
or exhausting a well. Being large, and easy to be 
seen. Regarding (an army) as numerous. Behold- 
ing without a veil. Looking at one whose figure 
and mien are striking and dazzling. 

A I J^if^ ijtihdf, (v. n. 8 of i—ttj*- not used) 

Taking off a thing by wholesale. 

A (Xt^\ ijtihdm, (v. n. 8 of -.f?-) Entering on 
the last part of the night. 

A t_.^Ljc>-\ ijtiydb (v. n. 8 of i— -"V f°i" '^J?') 
Putting on a shift. Digging a well. Traversing a 
country. Cleaving asunder. 

A ^\-J>»-^ ijtiydh, (v. n. 8 of _W for ^yr) 
Ruining, destroying. Uprooting. 

A jLl»-\ ijtiydz, (v. n. 8 ofjW forj^) Pass- 
ing by or along. 

A (^_j»»\;di>-^ ijtiyds, (v. n. 8 of (_)»»W for (_)»»^) 
Searching, scrutinizing. Patroling in the night. 

Prowling about for plunder. 

A 1 — sUjkp-l ijtiydf, (v. n. 8 of i_JW for i-J«».) 
Penetrating into any thing hollow, creeping into 

the middle of any thing. (v. n. 8 of ( i\s- for 

I— fli>-) Becoming putrid (a carcase). 

A J^-V^ y*'2/a^) (v- n. 8 of JU- for J_y». ) Elect- 
ing, choosing. Circumambulating. Diverting any- 
one from his purpose. 

A Ui>-\ ajsas, Hunch-backed, crook-backed. 
A ^lij-1 ijsdt, (v. n. 4 of U». for_jl».) Causing 
to kneel, or to stand on tip-toe. 

A iJL>li9.) ijsds, (v. n. 4 of i^*9-) Extirpating. 
A j!iliis-\ ijsiddl, (v. n. 4 of j'U=. Q) Pluck- 
ing out its feathers (a bird). Rushing forth in great 
anger with intent to kill. Sticking up, becoming 
erect (feathers). Becoming long and waving, and 
affording a good bite (grass). 

A r^ ijhdh, (v. n. 4 of j»-) Being pregnant 
and near delivery. 

A ii\^^ ijhdd, (v. n. 4 of ^JJS^^) Being of little 
value. Being needy. Being stunted (a plant). 

AjlsC^ ajhdr, (pi. oij^juhr) The dens, holes, 
or retreats of any beasts or reptiles. Ijhdr, (v. n. 
4 oijSf^) Driving (a lizard) into (its) hole. Fail- 
ing to stir up rain (the stars). Experiencing a bar- 
ren year. Compelling, forcing one to take refuge. 
A I — JW?" ijhdf, (v. n. 4 of i_ft*?') Carrying 
away. Attacking, oppressing, pinching (poverty 
or want). Moving towards. Being near. Crisis:!"' 
ijhdf at, Oppressions, afflictions. 

A j»W^l ijhdm, (v. n. 4 of »^) Forbearing, 
di'awing back. Being near destroying. 

A (jl*-^ ijhdn, (v. n. 4 of ^^s^) Stunting the 
growth of a child by feeding it badly. Stinting 
one's family through poverty or avarice. 
A 1^^ ajhad, Scanty in acts of charity. 
A ^^" ajham, One who has large red eyes. 
A {^KLJ^r^ ijhinshdsh, (v. n. 3 off^JJL.^^ Q) 
Becoming large (a boy's belly). 

Aj\i^ ijkhdr, (v. n. 4 oij^) Widening (a 
well's mouth). Causing water to flow copiously, 
but not from a well. Washing the posteriors par- 
tially, so as to leave a bad smell. Marrying a 
woman t\ji£^ jakhrds. 

A (_^c^ ajkha', Lean, meagre, lank-thighed. 

A ii»-\ ijid, A prohibitoiy word used to camels. 
Ujud, Robust or compact of body ; strong or firm 
in the back-bone and bunch (applied to a she-camel). 

A 3^^ ajadd, Small-breasted (man). 

A A^\ ijdds, (v. n. 4 of (^A»-) Giving libe- 
rally, accommodating, assisting. Bleeding pro- 
fusely (a wound). Receiving a gift. Supplying 
the place of another. 

A i_->U=-^ ijddb, (v. n. 4 of (_JJ.3.) SuflTering 
distress from dearth. Finding (a land) barren. 
Yielding no increase (the earth). 

A Lijlj^\ ajdds, (pi. of tl>Jo»ja«?a«) Tombs. 

A -^J*-\ y</aA, (v. n. 4 of -.iV*-) Impressing 
a mark on the thigh of a camel. Mixing a ptisan. 

A ^Vx>-\ «y</a</, {[il.ofjj^jadd) Grandsires. 
Ijdful, (v. n. 4 of S>=>-) Striving, exerting one's self. 
Renewing, making new. Travelling over hard 
even ground. Having dates ripe, ready for cutting 
(a pahn-trt>o). Becoming hard and even (a road). 
MK i3j>;* CJ^o-\ajaddat Aartt/ji minhu, I left him. 

aJiS»-\ ajdai; (pi. of jt^jadar) Scars. Un- 
natural excrescences on the body, wens. Ijdar, 
(v. n. 4 of j^) Producing the herh jCy»- j ad r. 
Putting forth the rudiments of fruit (a tree), as if 
they were tubercles. Coming out like pimples (the 
heads of a plant). Swelling. 

A ^ji\jo»-^ ajdash, (pi. of (jjaAi^ jadash) 
Coarse, rough, rugged grounds. 

A «^^.»-^ //Wa»,(v.n.4of ej»-)Givingunwhole- 
some food to a child. Keeping back, restraining. 

A (_JU»-\ ijdaf, (v. n. 4 of u-ii}»-) Crying out, 
raising a clamour. Being ungrateful for the bless- 
ings of Providence, murmuring and blaspheming 
whilst enjoying them. 

A JU»-^ ajdal, (pi. ot^J^s-jadl or jidl) Limbs 
of animals. Ijdal, (v. n. 4 of Ji>»-) Being ac- 
com])anied by her fawn (a doe). 

A «^tX»-\ ijdam, (v. n. 4 of (»ii*-) Ciying out 
l»J*-^ ijdam to a horse. 

A ^JJU^-l ijddn, (v. n. of i>»-j) Discovering, 
finding, recovering (any thing lost or sought for). 
(v. n. 4 of ^^'i^) Becoming rich after being poor. 

A y '3»-l ajadddni, (dual) Night and day. 

A k_.) J»-\ ajdah, Barren (season). Desert, de- 
solate. Ajduh, (pi. of u--»i>2>- jadb) Scarcities, 
dearths. Barren places. 

A tl>.i*-^ ajdw, (pi. oi CjSo- jadas) Tombs. 

Pjiia-^ ajdar, (for^iij^ ajdar), A dragon. 

Aj^>.l ajdar, More or most worthy. 

A j]ji>»-^ ijdirdr, (v. n. 8 of jo-) Dragging. 

Pi:^)j'i^'^ajdaruHitan,(\n zand and Pazand) 
To reap, to mow. 

•* J!;**^^ i/rf»>fi?, (v. n. 8 of Js") Cutting, clip- 
ping, mowing, shearing. 

A ^a-\ ajda^ Mutilated (in the hand, nose, 
ear, or lips). The devil. A man's name. 

A (_i>^»-) ajdaf, Short, dwarfish. 

A J4>».\ njdal, (pi. J<iU-\ ajddil) A species of 
hawk. Slender (arm). 

A ^Sa-\ajdarif/,A hawk of a particular species. 

A ^l«j».\ ijdhnd^, (v. n. 8 of ^) Assembling, 
flocking together, becoming assembled. 

p S;jj>.| qjada, Coloured, dyed. Stitched. 

A i^S»-\ajda', More or most serviceable. Ajdi, 
(pi. of ^^^a.jady) Kids. 

A Aj>a.\ ijzh,, (v. n. 4 of \3*- for jia.) Stand- 
ing erect. Having a fat bunch (a young camel). 
Lifting (a stone), (v. n. 4 of ijj^) Hindering 

A i\^\ ajzaz, (pi. of J*, jar^) Pieces, bits. 

( 26 ) 

Aj\j^\ ijzar, (v. n. 4 ofjJ>?-) Hooting up. 

A e\j*.^ ijzd^ (v.n.4 of ti*-) Imprisoning, 
arresting. Becoming c^»-jaza^(ii camel). 

A u-i^3».\ ijzdf, (v. n. 4 of ^i^r) Flying fast. 
Taking short and quick steps. 

A J^^\ ajzdl, (pi. of J J^ j»>0 The roots of 
great trees ; lopped trunks of trees. The summits 
or projecting parts of moimtains. Jjzdl, (v. n. 4 of 
Ji*.) Rendering cheerful, gladdening. 

A J.S»-^ ajzdm, (pi. of j,^s- jazm) Roots. Jjzdm, 
(v.n. 4of(.i>a.) Amputating, mutilating. Walking 
fast (a camel). Urging forward. Abstaining, con- 
trolling one's self. Proposing, intending. 

A c Jj»-\ ajza^, Rising three years old (the horse, 
ass, or ox); five years (camel) ; two years (sheep). 

A ftiioA ajzam, (pi. J^^ljjj-jamflia') Mutilated 
in the hand, having it ciit off. One who having 
committed to memory the Kur'an, forgets it after- 
wards. Leprous. Afflicted with elephantiasis. One 
who has lost the tips of his fingers. 

\j\y'Ss-\ijziyrdr, (v. n. 4 ofj'ii*- Q) Assuming 
an erect postiire when going to revile. Growing 
without becoming tall (a plant). 

A y»-l ajar, Hagar the mother of Ishmael, from 
whom the Arabians claim descent. Ajir, or djur, 
A brick, a tile. 

A J&-1 ajara, (fut.jr*-7. yasjuru or yajjirii) He 

Aj.»-1 ajr, (v. n. of j-»-\) Letting out on hire. 
Becoming a hireling. Restoring, healing (a broken 
or dislocated joint). Being thus restored. Honour- 
able mention, (pi. .j»-\ njur ajar) Re- 
ward, premium, recompense, wages, hire. A mar- 
riage-portion or gift. Ajur or ujur, A brick or tile 

Ajj^i ajrrn, (without tanwin ijjS-\ ajr'i) (pi. of 
•jjo- Jarre) Whelps. 

A jo-l djurr, A brick or tile. 

A \js-\ ajras, Bolder, boldest. 

A -^»-\ aJ7nii, (pi. of j)j».jarw,jhyv, or jurw) 
The young ones ofany thing animate or inanimate. 

P \j>-\ ijrd, Sufiiciency of cloth to make a dress. 

A ^y>-\ ajrds, (pi. of jj»-jarw,jirm, or jurw) 
Whelps, (pi. ofjj5|ja- jar/j^) Bold, brave. Leaders 
of the van in battle. Ijrds, (v. n. 4 of Ls- forjj*-) 
Going with its whelp (a beast), (v. n. 4 of ^5;?-) 
Making (any thing) to flow, or run, giving cur- 
rency. Bringingfoi-ward, producing: paying; exe- 
cuting, performing. Corning, forming the grain (a 
plant). Declining, inflecting, conjugating. Ap- 
pointing an attorney, sending a deputy, p ^yVs-l 
U"^ Jj*" yrdsihah kardan, (or i^dji cj^ l?W^ 
iji-dfi shar^kardan) To administer or to do justice, 
promote equity, put the laws into execution. (^l*-l 
l:}'irjl'ir U^/ i}rdnfarmdni kirdigdr kardan, 
To obey the commands of God. ^JiiJ lij Jo- i^W^ 
ijrdti hudvd kardan. To punish legally, to put in 
execution the penal laws. 

A i^]jS'\ ijrdh, (v. n. 4 of (_->,»-) Having scabby 
camels or sheep. 

A r 1)?"^ ajrdh, (pi. of -jo^jurk) Wounds. 

A i\o~\ ajrdd, (pi. ofitjO'jard) Old threadbare 

A ':>\j>\ ijrdz, (v.n.4 ofhj:>-) Drawing out, bring- 
ing forth. Removing,deposing. Compelling,forcing. 

A ,\j»-\ ijrdr, (v. n. 4 of js^) Granting a delay 
(for payment of a debt). Leaving any one to his 
own choice. Slitting a young camel's tongue to 
prevent him from sucking. Chewing the cud. 
Piercing with a spear, and leaving it sticking in the 
body. Following, imitating another (in singing). 

A '\js-\ ajrdz. Bare, barren (land). The body 
(of a serpent), (pi. ofjjs^ .;«''^) Sterile (grounds) 
having no rain. (pi. of jj^-jirz) Female garments 
made of fur. (pi. of \,a~ jtirz) Maces, sceptres, 
(pi. of J .ri- jaraz) Unfruitful seasons. Bodies or 
breasts of men. Ijrdz, (v. n. 4 of Jjj=>-) Having 
gi-ound scantily watered, and producing but little. 
Suffering from barrenness. Being lean (a camel). 

A (J>»]j»-^ ajrds, (pi. of (_>»i;?- jaras) Bells. 
Ijrds, (v. n. 4 of (_)w,fl«-) Making a gentle noise 
(the wing of a bird in flying, or female ornaments). 
Overhearing a man's talk (a wild beast). Singing 
aloud (a camel-driver). 

A [^\j!»-\ ijrdz, (v, n. 4 of {^js-) Causing to 
be choked. 

A ( 'i\.s-\ ajrdf, (pi. of i__jjs>- j?«y) Particles 

eaten and carried down by the stream. Banks 
eaten into by the stream. Ijrdf, (v. n. 4 of (_J^»-) 
Turning (camels) into a luxuriant pasture. Suf- 
fering from a sweeping torrent (a place). 

A Jjjs>-^ ajrdl, (pi. of A^a- jural or jaril) Rough 
and stony places. Ijrdl, (v. n. 4 of Jj»- Digging 
to stony stratas. 

A Af?-^ ajrdm, The utensils of a shepherd, (pi. 
of Mjs*-jirm) Bodies, (pi. of t,j»- jurrn) Crimes, 
trespasses. \,,u» ^j>^ p^J^ awzdfi ajrdmi samd, 
The motions of the heavenly bodies, p ^j>- Jt.s-\ 
ajrdmi charkh, (or tiUi Jj>-\ ajrdviifalak) The 
heavenly bodies, t^^-oiff- f,\js-\ ajrdmi funsurt, 
Elemental bodies, a Ijrdm,\\. n. 4of *;»-) Com- 
mitting a crime. Being great. Being clear (co- 
lour or voice). Adhering (blood). Charging with 
a crime. 

A ulr^^ ijran, (v. n. 4 of^^JO.) Housing dates. 

A ij];?-l qjarrdni, (dual) Man and genii. 

A <-r^=-l ajrab, (pi. i^j»-jiirb, also t_^l»-\ 
ajdrih) Scabby, mangy. 

^ *ij="^ ajribat, (pi. of t—Oja- /a7-iZ)) Certain 
measures of grain containing 384 mudd.^, or about 
768 lbs. Spaces of ground where such quantities 
may be sown. (pi. of i_->]j=^/(Va6) Leathern bags ' 
m which travellers carry their provisions. Spaces 
or areas in wells, from the mouth to the surface of 
the water. 


A tjb- 1 ajirat, A brick. 

A 'ij>-\ tijrat, Recompense, hire, rent, wages. 

A 'ijia~\ ajirrat, (jp\.oi'ij»- jirrai) Cuds. (pi. 
ofy^s- Jart»') Camel-halters or reins. 

A ^jS-\ ajrad, Bald, hairless (man), bare. (pi. 
ii\s-\ ajarid) A bai-ren field. The yard of any so- 
lid-hoofed animal. The back. A horse with very 
short hair. One who takes the lead and gets far 
ahead. Entire (day). i>j»-^^ al ajrad, Name of 

•mountain in Arabia. 
i A 5,»-\ ijridd, (or djs-] ijrid) A certain plant 
which indicates the existence of mushrooms. 

A (o^*^?-^ ajradani, (dual of <ys«-l ajrad) Two 
dies of a palm-tree. Two trees stript of their 
bark. Two months or two days. 

A i,*-^ ajras, Bow-legged. 

A ;_>^*-^ ajrash, Half-pounded, coarse. 

A «.j»-^ ^j''Cft -^ sand-hill where vegetation 
thrives, or one which yields no herbage. 

A i^\j^js~\ ijri^iah, (v. n. 4 of t-jiS^ Q) 
Being thrown prostrate. 

A (jliS!j»-\ ijrifnan, (v. n. 4 of i^j^ Q) In- 
clining. Shaking. Falling down at once. 

AjUrfj*.^ ijrimzaz, (v. n. 4 ofjc.». Q) Being 
drawn together. Retiring through fear, fleeing 
away. Passing by (as the night). 

A A^.oA ijrimhaf, A sleep without a bolster. 

A f^^j^^ ijrinsam, (v. n. 3 of j^j»- Q) Being 
collected tof^ether. Remaining close in one place. 
J'alling from top to bottom. 
^^•ajWj»-\ ijrinmaz, (v. n. 3 ofJ*j»- Q) Draw- 
ing one's self together. Being collected together. 

A (oij»-l ajurun or ajirun, A brick, a tile. 

A <ilJJ^^\ ijrihdad, (v.n. 4 ofii*^ Q) Making 
haste. Being extended. Being long. Persevering. 
Beingdestituteof vegetation. Being3carce(ayear). 

A ijjO-\ ajra, May (he) make flow or proceed. 
^P A (j-^ y"Z/) Course, custom. A deputy, agent. 

A *b,?-^ ajriyat, (pi. of -^^o?;?- jari') Strong, 
bold, brave, (pi. of !jj»-jarh/) Agents, deputies, 
attorneys. I/riyas, (or ^joA ijriya') Custom, 
course. Nature. Line of pursuit. 

A {^\^_jS-\ ijrlhab, (v. n. 11 of <^j»-) Look- 
ing with outstretched neck. 

A 1>.^\ajriyat, (pi. of jjo- jarw) Whelps. 
Small cucumbers. Slices of a colocynth. 


A ijriyat, Nature, custom, course. 

A ^_yi\JiSjO'\ ijriishash, (v. n. 4 of (_)i^»- Q) 
Becoming fat and well-liking after having been 
lean (the body). Waxing fat (camels). 

A Ajs~\ ajzas, (pi. of fy»-juzs) Parts, portions, 
parcels. Ingredients. Materials. Drugs. Mi- 
nerals. Ijzat, (v. n. 4 of J}?-) Satisfying, con- 
tenting. Satisfying (a camel) with fresh grass, and 
enabling (him) to do without water. Growing 
luxuriantly, being entangled (grass). Bringing 
forth female children (a woman). Putting a handle 

( 27 ) 

to a knife. Putting a ring on the finger, (v. n. 4 
of Lfj*") Supplying the place of another. Being 
able or enabling to do without. Not sufficing:. 
Paying tribute. 

A j\|s>-\ ijzar, (v. n. 4 of,J»-) Having fruit ready 
for gathering (a palm-tree). Giving a sheep to 
be slaughtered. Being fit for the butcher (a young 
camel). Growing old and approaching the period 
of dissolution. 

A j|^\ ijzaz, (v. n. 4 of Jr>-) Being fit for reap- 
ing (wheat). Having dates fit to cut (a palm-tree). 
Having sheep fit for shearing. Giving (any one) 
the wool of a sheep. Becoming dry (dates). 
Being time for (an old man) to die. 

A yj>-\ ajzai, (pi. of ej*- Jiz? ) The windings 
or branchings off" of a valley. Beehives. Ijzap, 
(v. n. 4 of cj»-) Rendering impatient and queru- 
lous. Leaving a remainder. 

A Jljs>-i ijzal, (v. n. 4 of Jj»-) Exercising libe- 
rality. Galling a camel's hunch (a wooden saddle). 

A J}s>-^ ajzal, (A camel) galled on the back. 

A Ay>-< ajzam, One whose nose has been cut off". 

A (o}?-' ojzun, (pi. of ^^ls^- jazn) Huge logs. 

A i>U»&-\ ajsad, (pi. of ,y^o- jasad) Bodies, 
trunks, carcases. (iL-».^\ C^\j3 zarvatu'l ajsad, 
The signs Sagittarius, Pisces, Gemini, and Virgo. 
Ijsad, (v. n. 4 of ii->«=>-) Dyeing with saffron. 
Making a garment stick to the body. 

A |»L,r»-' ajsam, (pl.of _-*»- 7«.s»!.) Solid bodies. 
Ijsam, (v. n. 4 of |,.*<.j=>-) Being important and ar- 
duous (an entei-prise). 

p ij^-.a>- 1 ajastan, or ajistan, To plant a tree. 
To fix a pale or fence, erect a stone. »ju«»- 1 _jJ 
naw-ajasta. Newly planted. 

Aj«»r»-I ajsur, (pi. ofy^^jasr or jisr) Bridges. 

A (*>~i»-i ajsam. Large-bodied, corpulent. 

A j^Uju«»-\ ijsisnan, A being hard, hardness. 

A (ji»-^ ajashsh, One who has a harsh and so- 
norous voice (man, horse, or thunder). A nasal 
twang, loud and harsh. 

A ^Ll*-) ajshas, (pi. of ■*jji»-jas/jj)Light bows. 
Branches of trees of which such bows are made. 

A ;_jilio-\ ijshash, (v. n. 4 of (ji»-) Break- 
ing, pounding. Grinding coarsely. 

A *^»-^ ijsham, (v. n. 4 of jJ ^^ ) Causing one 
to toil hard at drudgery. 

aJLoA ajfhar, Troubled with a hoarseness 
and roughness in the breast. 

A 'iJLo-\ ajshirat, (pi. of jjv.l»- jashtr) Corn- 
sacks. Leathern quivers. 

A la»-\ ijt, A word made use of in driving sheep. 

A l9Ua*-\ ijzaz, (v. n. 4 of H*-) Exceeding 
bounds in insolence, wickedness, or pride. 

A J&\ji».\ ij^z, (v. n. 4 of iM»-) Pushing, 
thrusting, driving away. Running away. 

A (__j\«»-\ ijfof, (v. n. 4of i_-fl*»-) Prostrating. 

A (JU>-^ V^h (v. n. 4 of (Jj>J?-) Promising a 

price (for labour) and performing it. Being in 
heat (a bitch). Taking a boiling pot from off" the 
fire with a cloth called JV»». j'/jaZ. Being infected 
by an immense number of dead beetles (water). 

A »^»-\ ij^m, (v. n. 4of *»J?-) Being visited by 
a large and hungiy foraging party. Eradicating 

A f^»^ Vfo^n, (v. n. 4 of (o*?-) Being coarse, 
thick, and rough (flesh). 

A i_rfij»a-\ ajfab. Large, gor-bellied. Weak, in- 
active. Astonished, amazed. Dead. 

A j»»»-\ aj^m. Greedy, craving. 

A fi\sLo~\ ijfat, (v. n. 4 of lft»-) Shutting a door. 
Fatiguing (one's cattle) with travelling, and not al- 
lowing them to graze. Casting up scum (a river or 
boiling pot). Throwing, casting. Laying, placing. 
Departing, going off"(a nation's weal), (v. n. 4 of 
Xsua- for _jfi»-) Unsaddling a horse. Following 
sheep so as not to let them graze. 

Ajlia«-\ ajfdr, (pi. of jSi»-jafr) Lambs four 
months old. Ijfar, (v. n. 4 of jto-) Being absent, 
hidden, lying hid. Refraining from venery. Cut- 
ting an acquaintance, ceasing to visit him. Smell- 
ing disagreeably. Becoming languid (a stallion). 

A Jli»-\ ajfal, (pi. of ^y&>- jijl or jajl) Dungs 
of elephants. Ijfal, (v. n. 4 of jji.»-) Running 
very fast (an ostrich). Causing (an ostrich) to run 
very fast. Blowing hard and raising the dust 
(wind). Voiding excrement (an elephant). Mov- 
ing off" from any place (people). 

A M^*-^ ttjf^^^y (p'- of (-j^^ j ({/»■) Eye-lids. 
Ijfan, (v. n. 4 of /^»-) Indulging freely in venery. 

A 'iMia-S ajfalat, A flock. Ajfalatan, In herds. 

A ^JuB.»-\ ajfala', A crowd. A promiscuous 
entertainment. Promiscuously, indiscriminately. 

A i^^f^\ <?i/"M, (pi. of f^Oj^jafn) Eye-lids. 

A ij»UaIais-\ ijjtszaz, (v. n. 4 of li>la=>- Q or 
Jalla^:*-! ijfizdz, 11 of ^ijs-) Swelling (a carcase). 

A iJ-tt»-\ ijftl. Pusillanimous, timid. A timid 
ostrich. Far-shooting (bow). Aged (woman). 

Aj^if~\ ijhdr, (v. n. 4 of ^»-) Importuning, 
urging, pressing (a sale). 

A (_)»-l cijil. One who procrastinates, delays, 
protracts, grants time, or fixes a term. A hinderer, 
proliibitor, detainer, retainer, concluder. An ex- 
citer, provoker. Future, belonging to the next 
world, or life to come. 

A i)i»-I ajilan. In regard to the next life. 

p ^\*-l aju},(ordjal) Eructation. Flatulency. 

A Jj>-\ ajJ, (v. n. of ^^\) Acquiring, gaining, 
collecting. Hindei-ing, detaining, preventing. 
Drawing. Exciting, stirring up mischief. Laying- 
snares. Having a pain in the neck. Curing or 
applying a remedy for a crick in the neck. Ajl or 
ijl. Cause, occasion, reason. i^\ Ja-) ^ min ajl 
an. Because that. liiJii ^}^\ y« min ajli zdllku, 
For that reason. Ldll»-^ ^^ min ajlika, On thy 
account. Ijl, (pi. J^l djal) A kind of wild 

oxen, a herd of camels or of deer. A pain in the 
neck, contracted by lying awry. Ijl, (pi. of J-»-^ 
afil) Procrastinators. Clays heaped up round 
palm-trees. ^/W, (v. n. of Ja-\) Delaying, (pi. 
JU-T ajal) A term, an appointed time, the end of 
a fixed time, a period. The duration of any given 
space of time. J*-^^ al ajal, The period or end 
of life, the predestined moment, death. P J*-l 
iZiJ ajal-ffirifia, On the point of death, in a situa- 
tion which precludes all hopes of life. lo J*-\ 
q;a/<;^yo, Name of a poisonous root. Aj_j»~-« ^}«-\ 
ajal muiumma', The day of judgment. Ajal, Yes, 
synonymous with j^ wasflw, but a stronger affir- 
mative. The latter is used when an interrogation 
precedes, the former when it follows the impera- 
tive, &c. : as,^ «tV, Go, Ja-^ ajal, Yes ; j^ 
tasir. Dost thou go ? j^ na^m. Yes. 

A J*^ iy«', or ujjal, AfriUl goat. 

A ^3*-^ ajall. Greater, m^ excellent, glorious. 

A •*^)^\ ijlds, (v. n. 4 of ^o- for jJ»-) Going 
into exile. Banishing, compelling to migrate. 
Being dispersed. Being distant. Making haste. 

A <-->i)^^ ajlab, (pi. of u-«l*- jalab) Things 
brought or driven for sale from country to coimtrj'. 
Jjlab, ( V. n . 4 of \_ A-^) Making an uproar. Schem- 
ing, practising fraud. Shouting to a horse. Drying 
up (blood). Threatening mischief. Collecting, 
convoking. Covering (a camel's saddle) with moist 
leather in order that it may dry. Assisting. As- 
sembling together. Putting an amulet into a lea- 
thern case. Having camels that bring forth males. 

A i^^ ajldd, (pi. ^U.^ qjalid) The body, 
person. (pi. of ijia- jald) Light, active, brisk, 
(pi. of 6^jild) Skins, hides, parchments. Books, 
(pi. of jJi». jaVid) Strong. Ijlad, (v. n. 4 of liio-) 
Being covered with hoar-frost. Forcing,compelling. 

A (_jJ^J>>'^ ylas, (v. n. 4 of (j<A»-) Causing, re- 
questing, desiring, or ordering one to sit. A ses- 
sion for judicial proceedings. 

A i_J^^\ ajlaf, A carcase of mutton, without 
skin, head, or feet. (pi. oi ^.J^ jilf) Mean, ig- 
noble: wretches, tyrants. Ijlaf, (v. n. 4 of (_al*-) 
Removing the cnist of clay from the top of a vessel 
in which com is kept. Sweeping away, destroying. 

A vi)il».\ ^jit minajlaka or ijlaka, Forthy sake. 

A J>*-1 ajlal, (pi. of "ly^juU) Housings, or 
any kinJ of horse-covering //7a/, (v.n. 4of ^_y*.) 
Reverencing, honouring. Giving much. Being 
strong. Being weak. Reverence. tiUi^^ ^j«min 
ijlaliha, From respect to thee, on thy account. 

A &i»-l ajilat. Eternity. Any thing that re- 
lates or has reference to a future life. 

A «1>-1 ijlat, Name of a village in Yamama. 

A ^a~\ ajillal, (pi. of J^^. ji/aZ) Horse-cloths, 
(pi. of ^^A^-jaRl) Old. Glorious. 

A ^»-\ ojlah. Bald on the temples. One whose 
hair flows down the sides of the head. A camel- 




( 28 ) 

litter with a low awning. 

^l»*^^ ijUhmam, An assembling together. 
j,\i^^ ijlihhakh, (v. n. 9 of i«-) Being 
weak and languid (bones). Spreading wide the 
arms in adoration. 

^Lai?"' ijUkhhah, A falling down. 
m\^^ ijlihhmam, (v. n. 4 of J^ Q) As- 
sembling together. Being haughty. Wishing or 
asking for much. 

A <>i»-^ ajlad, Hard (ground). 

A f^\ ajlaf. One whose lips are open, so that 
the teeth appear. One whose privities are exposed. 

A L-»U«S*-^ ijlMab, (v. n. 4 of »->«i^ Q) Ly- 
ing in a recumbent posture. Being extended. De- 
parting. Walking earnestly. Being numerous. 

A .>^J*i*-^ ijli^dd, (v. n. 4 of Jj«U- Q) Being 
outstretched prostrate on the ground. 

A >\j^^ ijUnhha^, (v. n. 3 of ^_^'i- Q) Being 
disjointed, falling to pieces. Kneeling down. 

A *',iii»-l ijlinzai, (v. n. 4 of ,_^aif- Q) Burst- 
ing with rage. Lying on the back and lifting up 
the legs. Reclining, stretched out on one side. 

A cIaJJi*-! ijlinfdf, A being thick, thickness. 

A Si^j|l»-\ ijUmmaz, (v. n. 13 of li)*-) Travelling 
rapidly (a camel). Going off (rain). 

A liljL*-! ijliwwaz, (v. n. 13 of iai»-) Remain- 
ing, persevering, persisting. 

A «i«»-) ajlah, Bald on the forehead. (A bull) 
without homs, dodded. Full, broad, plump in the 
face and temples. 

A ,i*-l ajla', More splendid, bright, or resplen- 
dent. Handsome-faced and bald about the temples. 
Bald on the forehead. (jj*-^ ij>^ ibn ajla'. One 
whose business is plain and open. 

A -^iUa-l ijnias, (v. n. 12 of^ ^or ^) Mi- 
grating from country to country. 

A ^1 ajim, Tired, loathing, disgusted, sated 
(with the same food). 

A j»»-\ ajama, (fut. jt>^.yajjumu) Fire burned. 

A j^\ajima, (fut. |,9-u.yaj7j»M/) He nauseated. 

A ^\ ajm, (v. n. of *»-l) Loathing, nauseating 
(food). Turning, stinking (water). Forcing one 
against his will. (pi. A».\ ajam) Any building 
with a lofty roof, quadrangular and flat. Ujm, 
ujum, or ajam, (pi. of 'iir\ ajamat) Red-beds, 
brakes. Ajam, (v. n. of *»-\) Loathing, nausea- 
ting, being tired of one sort of food, p ^^il^ ^\ 
ajam kardan, To loathe. A Ujum or vjm, (pi. 
j»U-l djdm) A fort, castle. 

A lo^ ajamm. Destitute of battlements (build- 
ing). Unarmed (man). Hornless, dodded (ram). 
(A horse) between whose ears the cavalier does 
not point his lance. Fleshy (bone). A cup, a gob- 
let. Privities (of a woman), (in pros.) The foot 
y^la* mufdf^latun cut down to JtS>i fd^lun. 

A \gr\ ajmat. Marked with a plain white star 
on the forehead (a horse). 


A f\iT\ ijmdf, A plain white star on the fore- 
head of a horse. 

A f'diS ajimmds, (pi. of j^ jamim) Plants 
thick and wide-spreading. 

p 'AiT\ ujmdj. Paradise. 

A Ci\ST\ ajmdd, (pi. oi C>iT jwnd) High places, 
eminences. Ijmad,(y. n. 4 of JJf ) Rendering ne- 
cessary. Entering on the month Jumada. Being 
stingy and good for nothing. 

xJJItS ijmdr, (v. n. 4 of^^) Laying fragrant 
wood on the fire. Perfuming (a garment). Being 
assembled and crowding together. Going fast. 
Galloping in fetters (a horse). Gathering (her) 
hair together and fastening it on the crown of (her 
head)i Guessing by the eye the produce of a palm- 
tree, and afterwards reckoning and collecting the 
estimated produce. Concealing the new moon 
(night). Being common to a people (an affair). 
Exercising (a horse). Collecting, bringing together. 
Being level (a camel's foot), having no line visible 
between the soles. Keeping (an army) in an ene- 
my's territory, without allowing (it) to return home. 

A el?r\ ajmdf, (pi. oixffjum^ Clenched fists. 
Ijmdf, (v. n. 4 of *??) Collecting, putting together, 
convoking. Consenting, agreeing. Covering the 
surface of the ground, whether hard or soft (rain). 
Milking all a camel's teats. Driving (camels) alto- 
gether. Applying the mind to an undertaking. 
Making light. Making ready. Tying a camel's 
teats together. Rendering familiar or sociable. A 
senate, council, court, crowd. Union. iS^\ e\^\ 
Ijmdfi ummat. An assembling of the people. 

A Jl^\ ajmdl, (pi. of ,_}-?!■ jfl>wa7) Full-grown 
camels. Ijmdl, (v. n. 4 of ij.?!") Doing any thing 
well; multiplying benefits. Casting up an account. 
Collecting, bringing together (dispersed objects). 
Proceeding gently and moderately (in a search). 
Melting fat. Being numerous (camels). An abridg- 
ment, summary, compendium, epitome, synopsis. 

A y^\ ijmdlan, Briefly, compendiously, sum- 

■^ (_j^^ ijmdU, Brief, summary, compendious. 

A j»\.^\ ijmdm, (v. n. 4 of j^) Filling a mea- 
sure so that the grain runs over. Allowing (water) 
to collect. Letting (a field) lie fallow. Giving 
rest. Turning loose (a horse). Resting, recruiting 
strength (jaded horse). Approaching. Being ready. 

A i£r\ ajamat, (pi. j^\ ujm, -ujum, ajam, ^W I 
djdm, j»U.\ ijdm, and Olfr\ cyarndt) A reed-bed ; 
a low-lying place to which waters flow, a marsh. 
A forest, haunt, den. A subterraneous granary 

A j^i ajma^oT ajmu^ (j^j*.^\ ajmafuna or 
tjj»U^\ ajma^na) All, the whole. 

A Jjr\ ajmxil. More or most beautiful, fairesi 

p t>j^\ ajmud, (or Ji>\ ajmuda) Parsley. 

^ji^^ ajmir. Name of a province of Hindustan 

A j^&. 1 djin, Altered, corrupted, fetid : tend- 





iiig to corruption (water). 

A fjs-S ajn, (v. n. of ^^»-\) Beating cloths (as 
they do at the fulling-mills, bleaching-greens, &c.). 
Ajn or ajan, (v. n. of (^;*-\) Undergoing a change 
in taste and colour; becoming fetid (water). Ajin, 
Fetid (water). 

A ^^1 ajann, More or most insane. 
A U»-l ajna', Hump-backed (man). 
A U»-l ajtias, Hump-backed (man). 
A >\is^\ aj7ids, (pi. of j3U. jdrii) Gatherers, 
l)luckers. Sinners, (pi. of Uw-jawa') Golds. Shells, 
eonchee veneris. Fresh dates. Honeys. IJnas, 
(v. n. 4 of U»-) Falling flat upon. (v. n. 4 of (i»-) 
Having fruit fit to be gathered (a tree). Being 
very fertile in produce (land). 

A l-jUs-\ ajndb, (pi. of i_<us-jam6) Sides, parts. 
(pi. oi ^.^j^ junuh) Polluted. Ijnab, (v. n. 4 of 
i».i>< t >-) Causing any one to retire, avoid, or shun. 
Being in a state of ceremonial uncleanness. Beinc 
exposed to the south wind. 

A ••'-f-' ijnah, (v. n. 4 of ^»-) Rendering in- 
clined. Inclining, leaning. 

A (SUa-l ajnad, (pi. oic^jund) Soldiers, troops. 
A {^ja\^\ajnds, (pi. o{^JuS>-jins) Kinds, sorts, 
genera, goods, wares. J\j*\ ;_>rtUs»-l ajndsi am- 
wdl, Various kinds of riches. «ftlua^ (__)Mli>-\ aj- 
ndsi viulthtalifn, Various sorts, different kinds. 
P ijgjV ''r^ (_)-*U»-) ajndsi lafb-hdzi, Playthings. 
A «_il«»-\ ijndf, (v. n. 4 of t— ii*-) Declining 
from the right way, deviating, swerving in a mat- 
'ter of precept, command, will, or testament. In- 
justice. Discovering any one to be unjust. 

A y'«*f-^ aJTidn, (pi. of jji*. janan) Graves. 
Corpses. Winding-sheets, (pi. of ^Jj^ jandn) 
Dark nights. Hearts. Spiders. Ijndn, (v. n. 4 
of jj^) Rolling a winding-sheet round a corpse. 
Burying. Concealing one's self, lying hid. Coming 
on, concealing a thing (the darkness of night). 
Hiding, concealing in the heart. Casting forth an 
embryo. Making mad. 

A i„^*^\ aj nab, Foreign. A foreigner, a stranger. 
Inclined or going to one side ; obstinate, refractory. 
P ^jUi»-\ ajumhdn, (In the language of the Da- 
sdtir) Motionless, fixed. 

A *-J>:>-\ ajnibat, (pi. of L->U». jandh) Sides, 
arts, margins. Comers. Thresholds, courts. 

KA (_5«>*^i ajnaliy, A foreigner, a stranger. 
A «l*i»-^ ajnahiyat, State of a stranger or alien. 
I A «i».\ ajnat, ijnat, ujnat, (for <Lo-j rvajnat, 
Ijnat, rciijnat,) The cheek, particularly the upper 
and protuberant part. 

A «-i»- \ ajinnat, (pi. of (jC»- jantn) Embrios. 
A S^?"' ajnihat, (or Aj>-^ ajnuh) (pi. of — Vl»- 
jandk) Wings. Hands. Fins. Pinnacles. Projec- 
tions of any kind. 

p tijjf\ ujand, Obsequious, obedient. 

A uj» 7 -^ cjnaf, One deviating from that which 


( 29 ) 

is just ; iniquitous in not obeying the commands, or 
fulfilling the intentions of a will. Crook-backed. 

A (.i^f-^ ajinnaka, (or tilu»-l ^^ min ajinnafta) 
(for >Jm\ ^y»-\ ^JQ min a;7i awwaAa) Because that 

p ^jl^i»- 1 a/ara</a«, Name of a fort in Khurasan. 

A iiX"j»-i ajnun, (pi. of jjjl>. jfcnut) Embrios. 

A (J^i ajna', Hump-backed. 

A (_>aLJt»-\ ijnis, A stupid, dull, indolent man, 
who moves not from his place, and who does nei- 
ther good nor harm. Timid, slow. 

A -*\j*-\ ajwds, (pi. of l^jaww) Skies, firma- 
ments. Ijndf, (v. n. 4 of t/j"?") Hanging (a ket- 
tle). Putting (a kettle) into (its) case. 

A (— -»\^»-\ ajivdh, (pi. of I— *j»- jamb) Large 
buckets. Women's shifts. Shields. Fire-places. 

A lil^i ajwdd, (pi. of ii\j^ jawdd) Liberal, 
bountiful. Ijrvdd, (v. n. 4 of liW for ii)»-) Saying 
or doing any thing good. Running swiftly (a 
horse). Possessing a fleet horse. 

Aj\y»-\ ajwdr, (pi. ofjl».jar) Neighbours. 

A J!j»-i ajivdz, (pi. ofjj*- Jaw2)Middles,centres. 

A (__Ji_j>-\ ajndf, (pi. of t^y>-jawf) Bellies. 

A ij\y>-\ajwdl,(^\. of J^a-) Parapets of wells. 

A t^yt-Sajwdm, (pi. of (»^) Cups, bowls, goblets. 

^ i3\j»-l ajmdni, A sort of spice. 

■^ ^jJ3^*-\ ajwdyin, A species of aniseed, {ji}^^ 
fj^\^ ajmdyini khurdsdni. Henbane-seed. 

A t-:-'^) ajwab, Prevailing, efiicacious, more 
or most speedy in bringing an answer (prayer). 

A e-}y>-\ ajnihat, (pi. o{i^\^ jawdb) Answers, 
replies. ftJkSw« ^OJ»•\ ajmiban muskita, Answers 
which put to silence. 

A t^^^ ajwas. One whose belly is prominent 
above, and lank below. 

■* ^ ' «/"J' Ciog. 

A j5-_j»-^ cj^jf Greatly inflamed, red, resplen- 
dent. Ujuj, (v. n. of ZX) Being salt, bitter, or 
brackish (water). 

A »• j*-^ ajwah, (pi. ^yf-juk) Ample, spacious. 

A liyf-^ ajwad. Better, best. 

A jje- 1 ajar, (or.^js-^ ajw-) A brick, bricks. An 
odoriferous apple, or thing held in the hand on ac- 
count of its pleasant smell. 

A j«.>-\ ujur, (v. n. of j>-\) Being set or healed 
(a broken or sprained limb), (pi. of\»-\ o/V) Wages. 
Rewards, premiums. Marriage-portions. 

■^ iiy>-^ ajura, A reward, hire, fare, wages. 

Pj\(> S)^^ ajura-ddr, A labourer for hire. 

aJ^5>-\ ajnmz, (pi. oi'p^jdtiz) Beams. 

A *J_j?-^ ajwizat, (■pi. of y\>-jdAz) Beams. 

A «^\ oJKaf, More or most famished. 

A u- J*>-^ oji^oft Hollow. Ample, large, capa- 
cious. Large-bellied (lion). (In gram.) A concave 
verb, one whose medial radical is either a j or a t/. 

A lo^j?-^^ alajwafdni, (dual of u-Jj^-la/wra/") 
(The two hollows) The belly and the matrix. 

A Jj»-^ ajwak. One of a downcast, distorted 
countenance. Distorted (face). Thick-necked. 

A J^\ aJKal, Dusty : a dusty day. JJjul, 
(v. n. of J^l) Delaying, procrastinating. 

A (_J_j*-^ ajwaUy, Swift (horse). 

aA>-\ ajfum,(p\.o{ Jj>.) Silver cups, chalices. 

A jy»-la;M»i, Disagreeable: loathed, disdained. 

A u)o^\ ujun, (v. n. of ^^^) Becoming fetid. 

A *j»-\ ujuh, (pi. of 6*-j wajh) Faces. 

A ijy'-\ ajwa', Dark bay (horse). 

A 'i^.y»-\ ajwiyat, (pi, of Ay>- jimdi) Spaces 
between houses. Shepherds' wallets. 

A f\i^\ ijhdi, (v. n. 4 of V^ for y^) Lying 
open and disencumbered (a road). Being clear 
and serene (the sky). Finding (the sky) so. Giv- 
ing little ; being stingy. Not conceiving. 

of burden. Wasting, consuming (one's property). 
Being fierce in hostility. Being possible, in one's 
power. Being above, on an eminence. Increasing 
(gray hair). Becoming clear, evident, apparent. 
Coming near, being in sight. Using circumspec- 
tion. Craving food. Growing gray. Being in- 
tricate and doubtful. Walking fast. 

Ajlya-\ ijhdr, (v. n. 4 of^;^) Speaking clearly, 
publishing. Begetting a son who has a slight squint, 
or sons with comely faces and handsome figures. 

A j\^»-\ ijhdz, (v. n. 4 ofj^) Making an as- 
sault upon a wounded person with intent to kill, 
giving him the coup de grace, despatching him. 

A. C_)mI^^ ijhdsh, (v. n. 4 of (ji>^) Being 
about to cry, preparing to weep. Stimulating to 
activity. Running to its mother (a frightened child). 

A (^lja-\ ijhdz, (v. n. 4 of (_>a^) Overcom- 
ing, snatching the prey from another. Casting her 
young (a camel). Causing to depart with haste ; 
removing, putting away. Making haste. 

A JV^*-) ajhdl, (pi. of ^\j>- jdhil) Ignorant. 
Ijhdl, (v. n. 4 of (J-f^) Discovering (any one) to 
be ignorant. 

A |»^*-^ ijhdm, (v. n. 4 of ^t^) Pouring out 
water (clouds). 

Aji(>-\ ajhar. One that cannot bear the glare 
of the sun. Of a beautiful countenance and per- 
fectly-formed body. One who has a slight and de- 
licate cast of the eye, inclining to a squint. A horse 
whose star covers the whole of his face. 

p iji^ ajhara, A kind of prickly shrub. 

A iy^Sajhizat, (pi. of j\t^jahdz) Marriage- 
portions. Wedding apparel, paraphernalia of brides. 
Travelling equipages. 

A (Jt^^ ajkal. More or most ignorant. 

A ^^^^ ajha'. Bald. Roofless (house). 

Aj^J-^1 ijhlzdz, A preparing for any thing. 

A i>U»-^ ojy<i-<l) (pl- of 'hr^fid) Necks, particu- 
larly such as are long and taper. Short shirts or 
shifts. Name of a place in the flat marshy ground 


of Mecca. Name of a sheep. 

A u-»U»-Uj//5/; (pi. of ftft-a-) Stinking carcases. 

A JL».\ aji/al, (pi. of Jf»-j'»0 Peoples, races, 
nation?, tribes. 

A j^\ ajlj, (v. n. of pi) Burning, flaming. 

A J-a-^ fl/V/nrf, Long and beautiful-necked. 

!• jjj.i-»-l ajidaii, To stitch, to sew. 

Aj^\ aftr,A mercenary,hired labourer,hireling. 

p «J}^^ ajirana, In a mercenary manner. 

A iSJ^\ ajin, Servitude, labour, hire. 

A Jsj^^ ijfira, Habit, usage, custom. 

A J-?-^'y»^» (P'- J*-^<yO Procrastinating, de- 
ferring; slow. Collected (water). Heaped up 
about a palm-tree (mud). 

A Jil^^ ijtUal, Terror. 

A"j,*»-\ fl/iw, Heat. A flame of fire. 

p 4jj>-^ MJoyn, Name of a city in Hindiistan. 

A *\y>s~\ iynvai, (v. n. 9 of ^J^) Being of a 
dark chesnut colour (a horse). 

A jojSa»-^ aja^un (Natives of U-^ ajas in Arabia. 

PjU^TocAarjPowderedorsalted meats, pickles, 
or fruits, preserved in salt, vinegar, honey, or syrup ; 
particularly onions preserved in vinegar ; also the 
pickle or liquor in which these meats or fruits are 
preserved. Mixed, collected, assembled together. 
Uneven rugged groimd, full of risings and hollows. 
Immemorial custom, conformity to religious in- 
stitutions. (This last is a Sanskrit meaning). 

p jU.\ achah, A frying-pan. 

p LiJU- 1 achak. Earth, dust. 

p idsksJ\ uchahha, A pick-pocket. 

p |_*.^ ichi, A kind of hawk. A vizir. 

a I.T 5/1, The white of an e^. The noise made 
in coughing. An exclamation of disgust. 

A l\ ahh, (v. n. of S.\) Coughing; repeating 
often a}t ah in coughing. 

A ^J!!Jl:*^ ahabuh, (pi. of ^JS+>•^) Ethiopians. 


A ij\o'\ ihamt, (v. n. 4 of Cj^^- for tl*^) 
Digging up the earth, sifting it in order to find any 
thing. Separating, scattering, shaking. 

A ia-W^ ihajat, (v. n. 4 of —\o- for a>-) Pro- 
ducing the thorny plant j^^ haj. 

A ^j»'\».\ ahaji, (pi. of Sjas?" uhjuwat and 
iijuc?"\ uhjiyat) Enigmas. 

A f^^ uftdh, Thirst. Rage, indignation, an- 
guish, grief, passion, heat, inflammation, proceed- 
ing from agitation of mind. 

A s»-\»-\ ahtahat, (v. n. of m.\»-^ Q) Saying fre- 
quently •■^^ V. y" uhah, 

A iSLw- 1 a/iad, (pi. of ,i»-\ akad) Units. Sun- 
days. <iU^^ J»'\j wahidu'l ahad, Incomparable 
man ; the one of ones ; a phcenix. 

A tjW\ uhada, as i>\>-^ \jU- Jo^u uhada. They 
came singly. i>\»-\ C^aA uhada uhada, One by one. 

■^ ^^i>V>-^ ahadi, Independent pride. 

>iiU.\ ahadh, (pi. of «Sjj».l uhdusai) Sto- 

( 30 ) 

ries, tales, (pi. of ii*>.Jj»- hadis) News, things 
which have recently happened. Sayings or tradi- 
tions concerning Muhammad, handed down by the 
Musulman doctors, to the number of 5266. i.l*?.<i^ 1 
^^J ahatnxi kur'an, The tenets of the Kur'an. 

A ij\^\ iharat, (v. n.4 of,Vs>- forj^) Receiving 
back produce (especially flour when grinding). 
Answering, replying. Having a colt calledj^^ 
hutvar (a camel). 

AjjU.\ aharir, (pi. of^ harr) Heats. 

A ^JM\»■\ ahasin, The good, the excellent. Fair, 
handsome, goodly (persons). 

A ,_^U-\ ahafi, (pi. of »JL-^\ aluiyat) Many 
broths. Many sips. 

A ««»l>-^ ihashat, (v. n. 4 of (_)il»- for O^J*") 
Surrounding (game) on all sides, and driving (it) 
into the net. 

A SlsU-^ ihatat, (v. n. 4 of lalw- fori»j»-) Sur- 
rounding, enclosing, including, embracing, com- 
prehending, understanding. Comprehension. 

A j_^Wl ahazi, (ii-reg. pi. of jLf hazz) For- 
tunes, successes. 

AjJ\>-\ ahafir, (pi. of jfl»- hafar) Ditches, 
pits, places hollowed out, excavations. 

A wW-1 ihahat, (v. n. 4 of jW for jj*-) Sur- 
rounding. Causing to alight or descend upon. 

A »SssU-\ ihakaf, (v. n. 4 of tilW for t.iL>-) 
Making an impression (sword or speech) : cutting. 

A s^\»-\ ihalat, (v. n. 4 of Jl»- for J^) Re- 
volving (a year). Changing, tiu-ning. Being one 
year old. Remaining in a place by the year. Caus- 
ing (the year) to revolve. Remaining a year in a 
place. Completing a year. Leapingon horseback. 
Relating any thing incredible, impossible, or ab- 
surd. Having barren camels. Beginning. Not 
conceiving, though covered (a camel). Turning 
Musulman. Rushing upon any one and striking 
him (with a whip). Pouring out water, by inclin- 
ing the vessel in which it is contained. Regarding 
as weak. Empowering or sending one to demand 
or exact a debt from another. Being extended over 
the earth (night). Causing to squint. 

A JJUl ahaM, (pi. of JJo-\) Orifices of teats. 

A j*\*.^ ahamir, (pi. ofj^\ ahmar) Red (men). 
Barbarians, persons not natives of Arabia. 

A s^lr»-\ ahdmirat, Name of a people of Per- 
sian origin settled in Basra. Flesh. Wine. The 
aromatic called Jjli- khaluk. Uhdmirat, A hole 
in a stone wherein water collects. 

A (j»*l»-\ ahamis, (pi. of (j«^\ ahmas) Barren 
(years or lands). [j^\o''^\ ix^ ^^ ^^ rcaha^ fi 
muhai/di'l ahamir, He fell into misfortune or died. 

A SiWI ihdnat, (v. n. 4 of ^J^ for ijja-) De- 
stroying, putting to death. 

•* m^.^^ ahay'tn, (pi. of ^J^*0'\ ahydn, pi. of 
[j^ hin) Times, periods, ages. 

A t_^>-^ ahahh, More or most lovely, dearer. 

"j\ \ljaA ahahhu ilayya', More agreeable to me. 
" A Ay»-\ ahhdi, (pi. of W luibas) Favourites of 
a king. Ihhd^, (v.n. 4 of Ua- for^a-) Shooting 
short of the mark. 

A >\j1»-\ ahihhdt, (pi. of t—*-*"-) Dear friends. 

A (--»lto-^ ahhab, (pi. of (Jl**- '"'^6) Lovers, 
friends, (pi. of l1*»- huhb) Jars. Ihhdh, (v. n. 4 
of tLo-) Loving, liking, choosing, preferring. Com- 
mg into grain (com). Receiving a hurt, and not 
stirring from the place until killed or cured. Kneel- 
ing down (a camel). Being stubborn and refrac- i 
tory (a camel). Recovering from sickness. I 

A J^^ ihhaj, (v. n. 4 o^ ff) Appearing sud- f 
denly. Approaching, coming m sight. Being ele- 
vated, conspicuous. Standing out and flowing co- 
piously (veins). 

AjUs»\ akhdr, (pi. otj^ hibr orhahr) Learned 
men. Men of probity and honour. jVxw^l \)y^ 
suratu'l ahhdr, The chapter of the Kur'an »l^J\.• 
mddda. Ihhar, (v. n. 4 ofj<»-) Making joyful. 
Abounding in herbage. Marking, impressing. 

A (_>»Vi»- \ ahbds,(Tpl. ofjj.iAw hibs) Locks, dams ; 
pent waters. Ihbas, (v. n. 4 of (j»f>-) Dedicating 
to pious uses, prohibiting alienation : mortmain. 

A (_jiU»-\ ihhash, (v. n. 4 of (jl>J>»-) Producing 
a child swarthy as an Ethiop or Abysinian. 

A i^\io'\ ihbdz, (v. n. 4 of ;j>aJi»-) Purposing, 
striving, attempting. Letting an arrow fall care- 
lessly without reaching the mark. Exhausting a 
well. Excluding (any one) from (his) rights. 

A IsU*-^ ihbat, (v. n. 4 of laAw) Rendering void, 
frustrating, marring. Changing a course, going 
away and not returning. Averting the face. 

A jUa-l ihbdh, (v. n. 4 of Jjf>-) Submitting. 

A Jlxw-l a/(Z»aZ, (pi. of Jji»- AaJZ) Ropes, cords. 
Angers. Fruits of the wombs. //iiaZ,(v.n.4ofJj>»-) 
Impregnating, getting with child. Losing its blos- 
soms, and setting (the thorny plant sLaP fizah). 

A »l^\ahibbat, (pi. of i-^uf?- hahib) Beloved. 

Ajl^jff*"' ihbijrdr, (v. n. 4 oi/ei^ Q) Swelling 
with rage. Being thick. 

A (jiJk*-^ ahbmh, (pi. ;ji^W\) An Ethiopian. 

A (Ja»-1 ahbul, (pi. of Jjc- habl) Ropes, cords. 
Ihbil and ahbal, A sort of French bean. 

A (jy>-l ahba?i, Dropsical. 

Aj\:ji^^' ilihinjdr, A swelling with rage. 

A *lk.U»-\ ihbintdt, (v. n. 3 of UaAs- Q, or 15 
of W*- ) Swelling (the belly), being filled with rage. 

A o^jJa-^ uhbush, (pi. (ji-J.\s-\ ahabuh) A 
mixed multitude of every tribe. An Ethiopian. 

A il-JjA».l uhbushat, A mixed multitude of men 
of every tribe. 

^ J.>f»-^ uhbul, (or «5^A9.1) A himter's net. 

Aj*?*-^ j^ nai-u ihhlr, The fire in the tail 
the glow-worm. 

A »\1».\ ihtds, (v. n. 4 oi\i».) Sewing (a gar- 
ment). Plaiting, twisting, puckering (the edge of 




( 31 ) 

a garment). Tying (a knot). Shoring up, strength- 
ening (a wall). 

A 0\i»-l ahtat, (pi. of C«>- hatt) (Horses) 
going with a quick and long step. Swift (camels). 
Male (ostriches). Generous, noble persons. Dead 
locusts. Ihtat, (v. n. 4 of C*>-) Withering (the 
tree ^^ arta'). 

A jU»-l ahtar, (pi. of "ijii- hutrat) Trifles, small 
matters. Things sewed to the lower parts of tents 
to keep them to the ground. Ihtar, (v. n. 4 of 
Jsf) Tying tight, making fast. Providing a feast 
for buildei-s after finishing a house. 

A jj^^ ahtan, (pi. of (Jij» hatn) Equal, alike. 
Ihtan, (v. n. 4 of ij\»-) Having one's arrows 
falling in one place. 

A s\.^\ ihtihas, (v. n. 8 of U»- for^A*-) Draw- 
ing up the legs by means of a bandage passing 
round the loins (as people do who are weary). 

A i^\.3a'\ ihtihas, (v.n.8of(j»Ji»-) Retaining, 
containing, confining, imprisoning. Being shut up, 
besieged, imprisoned, or contained. JjJ (_}«LS»-\ 
ihtihasi bawl, Suppression of urine. 

A Liy^^xoAihtihak, (v. n. 8 of <.iij*»-) Drawing 
the back and the legs together with a bandage. 
Doing any thing well. 

A JI-Jb»-^ ihtibal, (v. n. 8 of Jjtf>-) Taking game 
with a net, or setting a net for game. 

A (__)ilik»-\ ihtitash, (v. n. 8 of ^jijk»-) Being 
hot and fierce in contention. 

A Ll>\iI»-< ihtisas, (v. n. 8 of tL«»-) Exciting, 
instigating. Being stimulated or excited. 

A i^^4^ ihtijah, (v. n. 8 of t_*S^) Being 
veiled ; secluding one's self. Seclusion. 

A J^4^ ihtijaj, (v. n. 8 of V) Proving. Plead- 
ing. Litigating. 

A .1:5*"' ihtijar, (v. n. 8 of jC^) Constructing 
for one's self a cell. Choosing (a spot) for one's re- 
sidence, and erecting a tower there that no one else 
might claim it. Laying or folding to one's bosom. 
Taking refuge. Becoming obstructed (the belly). 

A jl^*" ihtijaz, (v. n. 8 ofUe?") Drawing, gird- 
ing one's breeches round one's waist. Carrying 
(any thing) in the waistband of one's breeches. 
Assembling, flocking together. Arriving in Hijaz. 

A (_iU?»-^ ihtijaf, (v. n. 8 of v_i:sr^) Calling 
off one's attention, renouncing. Claiming and tak- 
ing entire possession of. Collecting, accumulating, 
acquiring. Overcoming. Restraining, checking. 

A *\j?*" ihtijam, (v. n. 8 of |»*^) Cupping, 
scarifying. Being turgid from a fulness of blood, 
requiring to be cupped. 

A (j^^^ ihtijan, (v. n. 8 of jyS^) Drawing 
any thing to one's self with a curved stick, and 
keeping it. Collecting, accumulating wealth. 

A Ad3^\ ihtidai, (v. n. 8 of ^ii.9- for_j J^) Fol- 
lowing (as night does the day). 

A i3^jJ»-\ ihtidad, (v. n. 8 of !*»•) Waxing an- 

gry. Taking an edge, becoming sharp. 

A i_J\iiJ«>-\ ihtidaf, (v. n. 8 of i_ij«»-) Seizing, 
snatching. Cutting (a garment). 

A JjJk9-\ ihtidam, (v. n. 8 of *i\>-) Burning. 
Burning with rage. Being red, inclining to black. 

A >liiI»-\ ihtizat, (v. n. 8 of tj^) Putting on 
shoes. Imitating, following. 

Aj\Ci^\ ihtizar, (v. n. 8 of jj*-) Avoiding, 
taking care, being cautious and wary. 

A \^\jo'\ ihtirab, (v. n. 8 of (_,^) Fighting, 
duelling. Plundering one another. 

A ^1j\jj>-\ ihtiras, (v. n. 8 of i^j-) Tilling the 
ground. Hurting a horse by over work. Gaining. 

Aj\^\ ihtiraz, (v. n. 8 of Jj»-) Taking care. 
Being cautious, avoiding. Being on one's guard. 

A t^jJ\J»-\ ihtiras, (v.n.8 of ^j^^) Preserving 
one's self. Stealing sheep in the night. 

A (_ji.\pk5»\ ihtirash, (v. n. 8 of (_ji^) Hunt- 
ing the Lybian lizard. Earning, gaining, getting 
for one's family. 

A (_>o\^\ ihtiras, (v. n. 8 of (_>tf^) Coveting. 
Being in earnest, striving. 

A (_J];:i>-\ ihtiraf, (v. n. 8 of i_i;»-) Being skil- 
ful in any art, trade, or craft. 

A j]/^^ ihtirak, (v. n. 8 of j^*-) Being burnt. 
Putting forth all his strength in running (a horse). 
The disappearance or immersion of a planet on 
account of its nearness to the sun. 

A f>\p>-\ ihtiram, (v. n. 8 of j,^) Honouring, 
revering. Veneration, honour, reverence, respect. 
1*1^^1 Lfji^ f*^* /iw/i/'amr zaKi ihtiram. Princes 
(judges, or any great men) worthy of reverence, 
entitled to respect, honourable. 


A Li)Ujtf>-^ ihtizdk, (v. n. 8 of i.i)j»-) Putting on 
a girdle, or clothes, vrrapping them about one. 

A A^ji^^ ihtizam, (v. n. 8 of *J»-) Girding one's 
self with a rope. Putting on clothes or armour. 

A (J^j*^^ ihtizun, (v. n. 8 of jo/"-) Being sad. 

A ■*L-Jk»-1 ihtisas, (v.n.8 of L»»- for_j*«»-) Sip- 
ping. Causing to sip. Digging to water on a hard 
stratum, (v. n.8 of (_j-o-) Perceiving, discovering 
what is in the mind of any one, and proving it. 

A (_^LJ[»-\ ihtisab, (v. n. 8 "<*'. ^-■•~) Com- 
puting, calculating. Enumerating. Examining, 
proving. Expecting a reward. Losing (a son) 
arrived at manhood (when under age it is called 
islj^^ iftirat'). Coming to an end, being finished. 
Forbidding disorderly conduct, acting as <_■■■ "*^ 
viuhtasib. Imputing. Examination of weights and 
measures. The police. 

A jLJka-^ ihtisal, (v. n. 8 of J— »•) Hunting 
young Lybian lizards just out of the shell. 

A AtJcS ihtishat, (v. n. 8 of li»- for j-i*-) 
Wearing a i^^ misha' (a woman). Being filled. 

A ^\t3oA ihtishah, (v. n. 8 of <_ v*--) Being 
assembled from every quarter. 

A iiLiA>-^ ihtishad, (v. n. 8 of ^i-i*-) Congre- 
gating, flocking together for mutual assistance. 
Assembling for one object. 

AjLiJk»-\ ihtishar, A being large-headed. 

A (^LiJk»-\ ihtvshash, (v. n. 8 of ^J2>»■) Seek- 
ing forage. Stacking hay. 

A («LiJ>-l ihtishum, (v. n. 8 ot jJL>-) Being 
ashamed. Putting in a rage. Havmg many de- 
pendants, followers, or domestics. Magnificence, 
grandeur, state. *\.Ljk>'^ j lijf? majd u ihtisham, 
honour and glory. 

A i\jaJk9-\ ihtisad, (v. n. 8 of i>-ia»-) Reaping. 

A jLfluiI»-\ ihtisar, (v. n. 8 oi jjos-) Putting a 
small saddle or cushion on a camel. 

A (jLaJk»-l ihtisan, (v. n. 8 of (^^<a»-) Taking 
refuge ; being sheltered, defended. 

A AjaJ>»-\ ihtizds, A stirring of a fire. 

A jLjiJk»-\ ihtizar, (v. n. 8 of-.a»-) Coming into 
one's presence. Cleaving to one (care and sorrow). 
Approaching (death). 

A (_>iUfla»-\ ihtizdz, (v. n. 8 of (_><»»■) Regard- 
ing (one's self) as deficient and unequal to. 

A ^jUaJk*-^ ihtizdn, (v. n. 8 of ^^^-os.-) Taking 
in one's arms, embracing. Sitting, brooding. 
Keeping back, hindering. 

A i_jUai&-\ ihtitdb, (v. n. 8 of (_Jao.) Collect- 
ing fire-wood. Feeding on dry thorns (a camel). 
Rooting up trees (rain). See ^..)lii>.\ ihtikdh. 

A laUaia-l ihtitdt,(y. n. 8 of Ja»-)Bringing down, 
throwing down, pulling down. Diminishing. 

A -»UaJk»-l ihtizds, (v. n. 8 of ,_^»-) Being highly 
honoured, and amply provided for (as a wife by her 
lord). Acquiring authority and influence. 

A jUali^l ihtizar, (v. n. Qoiyas-) Constructing 
the sheepcote ».. »••> - hazirat. 

A >li::»-\ ihtifds, (v. n. 8 of vaa«.) Pulling up 
by the roots the papyrus plant \i>- hafas. (v. n. 8 
of lis- for »a»-) Walking barefoot. Eradicating (a 
pot-herb). Inquiring minutely into people's con- 
cerns. Behaving kindly. Exulting, rejoicing. 

A <ilfli».^ ihtifad, (v. n. 8 of SSts-) Making 
haste. Serving or obeying with promptitude. 

Ajlils-l ihtifdr, (v. n. 8 ofjto-) Digging, ex- 
cavating. Cleaning out. 

A^^JCs'\ihtifaz, (v. n. 8 ofJOs-) Sitting down 
on the point of the foot and preparing to rise. 
Being urged forward in walking. Striving, using 
exertion. Drawing one's self together in sitting. 

A ialilj*-^ ihtifdz, (v. n. 8 of kto-) Being cau- 
tious, careful. Guarding, preserving. Being pro- 
voked. Keeping one's self from evil. Making 
special or peculiar. Appropriating. 

A i_Jlii»-^ ihtifaf, (v. n. 8 of uJto-) Eating up 
all that is in the pot. Cutting up herbage. Pluck- 
ing, or commanding to be plucked, the hairs fi-om 
ofi" her face (a woman). Giving orders that her 
hair be tied up at the back of her head (a woman). 


A ^yJC:»-\ ihtifal, (v. n. 8 of Ja»-) Assembling 
together. Collecting, bringing togetlier. A con- 
course, procession. Being plain and open (a road). 
Pretending to put forth all his speed (a horse). 
Filling its bed (a river). Caring for, heeding, 
minding. Giving due attention. Exerting one's 
self. Straining every nerve. Polishing. Being 
clear, evident, manifest. Being adorned and deco- 
rated. Fearing, being afraid of. 

A ^JjcpAihti/an, (v. n. 8 of j^^to-) Appropri- 
ating to one's self. Extirpating, uprooting. Laying 
hold below the knees, lifting up and carrying. 

A i_.>\S:;*-\ ihtihah, (v. n. 8 of l-j> S> -) Taking a 
load on one's back. Makin^up into a parcel, and 
fastening it to the hinder part of one's saddle. Per- 
petrating a crime. Being tied behind a saddle (a 
pad or cloak-bag). 

A t>VS;^\ ihtikad, (v. n. 8 of iiii»-) Being with- 
held (rain). Hating. 

A.j3:^\ ihiihar, (v. n. 8 of jS*-) Despising, 

A jUt*-^ ihtiltak, (v. n. 8 o{ /»=>-) Disputing, 
contending. Killing one (a stab). Being lank (a 
horse). Being fat (cattle). Striking the socket of 
the hip. Taking a sure aim, and hitting (a bird). 

A (jli^^ ihtikan, (v. n. 8 of y,fl»-) Giving or 
taking a clyster. Labouring under a suppression of 
urine. Retaining, confining. Having the sides 
higher than the middle (a garden). 

A f%^\ ihtihas, (v. n. 8 of \io-) Tying tight. 
( V. n. 8 of j_^a»- ) Being done firmly and effectually. 

Ajlxi»-l ihtikar, (v. n. 8 of,x*-) Accumulating, 
or hoarding up grain against a scarcity ; regi-ating. 

A tiJ\i^»-\ ihtikak, (v.n. 8 of i^^lL-) Rubbing 
the body against a post. Itching, requiring to be 
scratched (the head). Occurring to the mind. 

A J\^\ ihtikal, (v. n. 8 of Ji»-) Being ob- 
scureandambiguous. Learning Persic after Arabic. 

A ^i::o-\ ihtikam, (v. n. 8 of Jo-) Command- 
ing, lording over. Going together before a judge. 

A t-*^ho.\ ihtilah, (v. n. 8 of i—aJp-) Milking. 
Flowing (sweat from the body, spittle from the 
mouth, or tears from the eyes). 

A ^^l^^^ ihtilaj, A taking of one's right. 

Aj5l;o-\ ihtilaz, A taking or seizing (one's due). 

A (_y.^):o.\ ihtilat, (v. n. 8 of (jJo-) Covering 
the ground (plants). 

A WiLs-^ ihtilat, (v. n. 8 of l»ia.) Swearing. 
Contending obstinately. Being angry. Being 
hasty, expeditious. 

A J^J^o.\ ihtilah, A shaving of (the head). 

A ^}':ka^ ihtilat, (v. n. 8 of JD».) Descending, 

A ^'^Z»-\ ihtilam, (v. n. 8 of J*.) Dreaming. 
Reaching the age of puberty. Nocturnal pollution. 

A ^X».^ ahtam, Black. 

A f[i9'\ ihtimoj, (v. n. 8 of ^_^) Abstaining, 
avoiding, shunning. Care, caution, forbearance. 

( 32 ) 

A i3lto.^ ihtimad, (v. n. 8 oii^Jf) Being intense 
(heat). Praising one's self. Self-commendation. 

A i^\£^\ Ultimas, (v. n. 8 of ,j«^) Being 
fired with rage,and attacking each other(two cocks). 

A (JAU^ ihtimash, (v. n. 8 of ,j2^) Being 
fired with rage, rushing to battle (fighting cocks). 

A ^\is^ ihtimal, (v. n. 8 of J.^) Taking up 
a load. Taking up one's goods, and quitting one's 
abode. Bearing, carrj-ing, sustaining. Bearing 
patiently. Receiving and gratefully acknowledg- 
ing a kindness. Purchasing a captive brought from 
another country. Changing colour through rage. 
Being possible, being allowed. Patience. Possi- 
bility, probability. 

A jXs^\ ihtimam, (v. n. 8 of jU-) Being rest- 
less and sleepless in the night. (for ^\^\ ihti- 
mani) Anxiety, sleeplessness. 

A ^}Sxs^ ihtinaj, (v. n. 8 of ^) Inclining. 

A ti)Ui9-\ ihtindk, (v. n. 8 of eiXio-) Putting 
barnacles or a twitch (on a horse). Seizing ano- 
ther's property. Devouring every green herb (lo- 
custs). Teaching a man wisdom (age or trials). 
Subduing, overcoming. Being firm, steady, tried, 
and experienced. Strength, firmness. 

A AysJ\ ihtiwas, (v. n. 8 of cfp-) Compre- 
hending, containing, collecting. Protecting, guard- 
ing. Occupation, enjoyment, possession. 

A (_)i)jJks>-\ ihtiivash,(v, n. 8 of (_jwl»- for o^J*") 
Starting game. Intercepting,surrounding(any one). 

A J\jJJ>-\ ihtimal, (v. n. 8 of JW for J_p-) Sur- 
rounding, encircling, encompassing, getting (one) 
into the middle. 

A —\Jlo-\ ihtiyaj, (v. n. 8 of J\»- for -.J*") 
Feeling an inclination for another. Being indigent 
and necessitous : needing. Returning. Indigence, 
want, necessity, need, occasion. _ UJi»-\ L-^lai" as- 
habi ihtiyaj. The necessitous, the poor. C>lj>-Lji»-1 
ihtiyajat. Wants, necessities, things requisite. 

A jLS»-\ ihtiyaz, (v. n. 8 ofjla- for J_j2>-) Col- 
lecting together. Surrounding, encircling. 

A ^_^LJc«.^ ihtiyas, (v.n. 8 of (__^l». for i^a') 
Being vigilant and cautious ; taking care of one's 
self. Being close, impervious (a slie-camel). 

A ialois-^ ihtiyat, (v. n. 8 of laU- iov\9y>-) Sur- 
rounding, comprehending, encompassing, enclos- 
ing. Looking carefully. Taking care. Caution, 
circumspection, foresight, scrupulousness. Care- 
ful examination, 

A UalJa.^ ihtiydtan. Cautiously, warily. 

A tilLL».\ ihtiydk, (v, n. 8 of ciJls- for uiJUs^) 
Drawing up the legs by means of a bandage pass- 
ing round the loins (as weary persons do). 

A JLJks-) ihtiyal, (v. n. 8 of JU- for J^) 
Being one year old. Empowering one to receive 
a debt. Using fraud and cunning. Fraud, deceit, 
magical illusion, machination, (v. n. 8 of Jl». for 
,Ja».) Empowering one to receive a debt. 

A j,\.J::a^\ihtifmam, (v.n.4 of j.Uk^'Q) Cutting. 

A v^ | .~ ^ ahass. More or most stimulating. 

A f\j^\ ilisaf, (v. n. 4 of lj«»- for jl>.) Tram- 
pling down (cities) with their hoofs (horses). 

A Li>U»-\ ihsas, (v. n. 4 of ^.^^»■) Instigating, 
urging, egging on. 

A jUs-^ ihsar, (v. n. 4 ofji.-) Bursting out of 
the pod in the first stage of formation (a date). 

A Jlia-l ihsdl, (v. n. 4 of (J-io-) Giving un- 
wholesome food to a child. Injuring, afflicting. 

A %.^ ahajj. Hard (head). A horse that places 
his hind-foot in the track of his fore-foot. 

A fi[:^\ ahjui, (pi. of i^^ hajdt) Sides, tracts, 
(pi. of }g^ hija') Dispositions. Wits, geniuses. 

A L-»Uc*"^ ahjdh, (pi. of »— '^js?" hijdb) Veils. 

A J^^^ iJ'joj' (^* "• 4 of 1=^) Sending (one) on 
a pilgrimage to Mecca. Exciting to disputation. 

A jUsf^ \ ahjdr, (pi. otjsf^ hijr) Mares. J^ ^ 
^y^ ahjdru 'I hhayl, Brood-mares, (pi. of j^ 
hajar) Stones. 

A j\jS?"\ ihjdz, (v. n.4 ofis?") Reaching Hijaz. 

A Jlj«?"\ ahjdl, (pi. of (Jj?** hijl, hajl, hijil, or 
Jjs^ hijill,') Ornaments for the ankles. (pi. of 
Jjs^ hijl) Witnesses. Ihjdl, (v. n. 4 of (J^f ) Un- 
loosing the left and tying up the right foot. 

A ^^^ ihjdm, (v. n. 4 of *s?") Retiring, de- 
sisting from a purpose. Rising, being protuberant 
(a breast). Suckling an infant for the first time. 

A (jl**'^ ihjdn, (v. n. 4 of fj^) Flowering 
(tlie herb ^W smndni). 

A t\s^\ I/O md ahjdhu. How worthy, fit he is ! 

A fts?"! ahijjat, (pi. of —Uc*" hajdj or hijdj) 
Bones that surround the eyes, those on which the 
eye-brows grow. Sides. Margins of sun's disks. 

AjS?") ahjur, (pi. ofjsf hajar) Stones. ^ 

A "^^^S uhjurr, A stone, <fl 

A ^;^'\ ahjan. Crooked, curved. Straight- 
hanging (hair). 

A »yBr*"\ ukjUrvat, (or JJ^l uhjtyat) (pi. 
,_y»-la.\ ahdjt) An enigma; any question put to 
try the genius. 

A iio.\ ahd, (v.n. of Jo-\) Making a covenant. 
Ahad, (pl.iiU-l dhdd and ^JiS^\ uhddn) One, any 
one, sole, alone, separated, lio-^l al ahad, God. 
ii*-^l M^,yarmiu'l ahad, Sunday. jLs- :>s-\ ahad 
^shara. Eleven. S.i»\ ahadukum, One of you. 
(i;^.'^=>-^i 'io-l ahadu'lahad^n. The one of ones; 
an incomparable man. J>»-lJi kulluahadin,E\ery \ 
one, all. ii.». 1 ^^^ U md min ahad, IVo one, not om 
Uhud, Name of a mountain near Madlna. 

A 4Jo-\ ahadd. More or most acute, sharp, or 

A \^^a~\ ahadan. One by one, singly. 
A A^^\ ihddt, (v.n.4of ^^oj»-) Giving serious 
attention to. 

A fi\^\ ahiddds, (and »3^l ahiddat) (pi. of 

i\i^>' hiidad) Sharp, acute. Fluent, glib. Severe. 
A L_j) Jj»-1 ihdab, (v. n. 4 of i— ^ J>»-) Making 
hump-backed. Giving an inclination. Rendering 
favorably inclined or benevolent. 

A ii>\k5o.\ ahdas, (pi. of O j.». hadas) Pollu- 
tions, impurities. Youtlis. Novelties, accidents, 
chances. Rains falling at the beginning of the year. 
Ihdas, (v. n. 4 of lI^Jj^) Producing, inventing, 
bringing into existence. Voiding fseces. Forni- 
cating. A seminal effusion. Polishing, furbishing. 
^^k A -.^'^^■^ ahdaj, (pi. of _ii.a- hidj) Loads, bur- 
^^ens. Littei-s. Ihdaj, (v. n. 4 of — 13»».) Putting a 
^^Utter on a camel's back. Bearing fruit (wild gourd). 
1^^ A <ilA»-\ ihdad, (v. n. 4 of J.».) Mourning the 
loss of her husband (a woman), and laying aside 
all ornamental attire. Giving an edge, sharpening. 
Regarding very attentively,fixing (the eye) steadily. 
A j\ii»-\ ihdm; (v. n. 4 of,iJ,».) Swelling from a 
blow (the skin). Causing to swell. Hemming, or 
adorning with a fringe (a garment). Twisting and 
tying in knots the ends of a piece of linen. 

A j^ii*"^ ahdah, (pi. of MJ,»- hadakat) The pu- 
pils of the eyes. l^J,\ J)\Ss-\ ahdaku'l marza', 
Camomile-flowers." Ihddk, (v. n. 4 of jJ^) En- 
compassing. Becoming enclosed (a garden). 

A *\iiJ>-\ ihdam, (v. n. 4 of /•ii»-) Blazing. 
Being intense (heat). 

A jj^i>»-l uhdan, (pi. of Jo-\ ahcul) Ones ; only 
ones. Sundays, (pi. of Jj>-\j «7a/»'d) Pre-eminent. 
A b^ii».\ ^ji\ ibnu ihdalia, Noble on the side 
•of father and mother. 

-\ ahdab, Gibbous. A vein in the arm. 

A L_JU;X&~\ ihdibab, The being hump-backed. 

A lL* Jj»-\ ahdas, Younger, youngest. Newest. 

A.jiis-\ ahdar, Squint-eyed. Full and fleshy 
about the thighs, but lank upwards. 

A iJS>-\ alidal, Partial, inclined to one side, 
acting unfairly. Left-handed. Having one shoul- 
der higher than the other. Wrj'-necked. Inclin- 
ing when walking. One-testicled ; a ridgling. 
■ A iOjjj»-\ uhdusat, (pi. tt*iiila-\ ahadis) A 
parable, narrative, storj', tale. 

A .jiS.^-1 uhdur, A descent, a declivity. 

A ;jji>*-^ ahadun, (pi. of J.*-^ ahad) Ones. 

A ^j,^s>-\ihda', (tern. oi,ia-\ ahad) One. (jiis^ 
i\a-i\ ihda'l ahadi, A direful affair. One of one, 
any thing wonderful, unequalled, tj^^ iyj».\ 
ihda' ^shirat or ihda' MLshrat, Ten (females). 
Jf->J\ (_jii.*-\ ikda's sabf. One of the seven, i. e. the 
seven years of famine in the time of Joseph ; or one 
of the nights of misery of the people of lilp iad (an 
expression employed to indicate any sore calamity). 

P (_yiJ.»-irt//«<^,A kind of Indian military corps. 

A ,iA^\!^Ss-\ahaMyu' I ahadi, The one of ones, 
tlie incomparable one. 

A &S>r«-\ ahadiyat, Unity. Concord, alliance. 

A i_^^j.^,4\»>^ ihdiddb, A being hump-backed. 

( 33 ) 

A ijW.'^>*"^ ihdidah, The act of surrounding. 

f I* "! 

A iX»-i ahazz, (pi. j*- huzz) Slender-bodied, 
small-handed (man). Diflicult, arduous, ungrate- 
ful business. Swift (camel) that diinks on the fifth 
day. Verse in which ^j.». hazaz prevails. 

A A'i^ ihzas, (v. n. 4 of liX*- for jii,».) Put- 
ing a shoe on any one. Giving, (v. n. 4 of t/ii»-) 
Giving a shoe, or share of spoil. 

A j\j.>-\ ahzar, Care, caution, .li^!*-^ ^^\ ibn 
ahzdr, Provident, prudent, cautious. 

A Jlii,»-\ ihzal, (v. n. 4 of J j.*-) Rendering the 
eyes red and bare of eyelashes (weeping). 

A j^i>>-^ ahzdk, (pi. ofWii>»-/t«2Aaf) Parts, seg- 
ments, sections. (A rope) all to pieces. 

Aj^\ ahzar, More or most wary. 

Aj\j>,^st.\ ihzirdi-, A being angiy and furious. 

A ts>-\ aharr. More or most hot, hotter, hottest. 
More delicate, finer. 

A Aj!».\ ahrds, (pl.of ^^ Jiara') Sides, quarters. 
Noises. Lairs, nests, (pi. of c?;*- hart) Worthy, 
fit, proper, Ihrds, (v. n. 4 of (?;S»-) Diminishing, 
causing to wane, injuring, impairing. 

A L-'\p-\«/(7-afe,Name of a place. Ihrdb, (Y.n. 
4 of (— 'r*-) Pointing out a road whereby a hostile 
incursion may be made. Exciting war. Producing 
dates (a palm-tree). 

A {^\js~\ ihrds, (v. n. 4 of ^^j^-) Making (a 
beast) lean by overworking (him). 

A jr]/*-^ ahrdj, (pi. of --j»- Mrj') Shells of a 
small white shell-fish. Those parts of the hare or 
deer which are given to the hounds, their reward. 
Dogs' collars. Ihraj, (v. n. 4 of -^ ) Leading 
into sin. Making miserable. Prohibiting, inter- 
dicting. Compelling, forcing. 

A r5;»-^ ahrdh, (pi. of —js>- hirh) Vulvae. 

A d\js-\ ihrdd, (v. n. 4 of lip-) Travelling fast. 
Making solitary or alone. 

Aj\j>-\ ahrdr, (pi. ofj»- hurr) Free, free-bom, 
noble, free men. Herbs, gi'eens, or any kinds of 
garden-stuff which are eaten raw. Ihrdr, (v. n. 4 
of 'Ja-) Being hot. Having thirsty camels. 

A ;lj»-\ ahrdz, (pi. of Jj^^- hirz) Fortifications, 
(pi. of J «>- haraz) Cobnuts, smooth nuts used as 
counters at play. Ih'az, (v. n. 4 of Jj»-) Obtain- 
ing a reward, and enjoying the benefit of it, getting 
wages. Hoarding. Affording security, protecting, 
sheltering. Abstaining. Avoiding. Keeping in- 
violate her chastity (a woman), p i^^$j\f>^ ihrdz 
hardan. To defend. 

A ;_j«>\j»-\ ahras, (pi. of (w.W hdris) Guards. 
Ihrds, (v. n. 4 of (_>»>;»-) Remaining in a place for 
a long time. 

A (_)iiUo-\ ihrdsh, (v. n. 4 of (ji;*-) Blistering 
a (camel's) skin (liquid anointing pitch). 

A i^\ja-\ ahrdz, (pi. of (J«9p- haraz) Those 
from whom nothing is to be dreaded or hoped for. 
Ihrdz, (v. n. 4 of jjiop-) Emaciating (as love or 

sickness). Begettingbadstock.Corrupting,spoiling. 

A u_J];»-\t7tra/,(v.n. 4ofi_-ip-) Making lean. 
Being prosperous, increasing in wealth. Labour- 
ing for one's family. Requiting, recompensing. 

A jir*^ ihrdk, (v. n. 4 of j»»") Setting on fire. 
Making gruel. Injuring. 

A A>]^\ ahrdm, (pi. of mj>. haram and ^j»- 
harhn) Sacred places, sanctuaries,asylums. Ihrdm, 
(v. n. 4 of j«j»-) Being unlawful. Making illegal, 
prohibiting. Preventing, hindering, keeping back. 
Depriving of hope, disappointing. Entering the 
sacred precincts of Mecca, or into an inviolable 
sanctuary. Engaging in a work, by virtue of which 
what was lawful becomes imlawful for him (a pil- 
grim). Being menstruous (a woman). Winning, 
beating at dice. Beginning the holy month called 
Aj^ Miiharram, during which it is unlawful with 
the Muhammadans to fight, hunt, or indulge in 
any sensual gi-atification. Ptitting on a mean garb, 
in which the pilgrims enter Mecca, in order to cele- 
brate the festival of tlie 10th day of the last month 
but one of the Muhammadan year. The cloak or 
mantle above alluded to, generally made of two 
long pieces of Indian cambric. 

A l\js>-\ U md ahrdhu. How worthy he is ! 

A 'iijsA ahrisat, (pi. of ti»L>. hirds) Unfi- 
nished arrows. Lower parts of spear-heads. 

A iy>-\ ahi-ad, (A camel) lamed by a hurt in the 
tendon of the fore-foot. Mean, base, avaricious. 

A (^jtijs>-\ ahras, Ancient, aged. Ahrns, (pi. of 
i,jt»jO- har.%) Ages. 

A (^j>-\ ahrash, Rough on account of its new- 
ness (coin). The mange, murrain. Scabby, mangy 
(camel). A land-crocodile (as being rough-scaled). 

A (.,>op-^ ahraz, One, the edge of whose eye- 
lids are worn away. 

A uJ;*-^ ahrvf, (pi. of ^—Jy*- harf) Letters. 
Particles. Dialects. 

Ajl«p-\ ihrhnmdz, The being acute, intelligent. 

A >Lj,j9»\ ihrinibds, (v. n. 15 of t-->p-) Grow- 
ing (hair or grass). (v. n. 3 of U^ Q) Being 
ready to fly in a passion, preparing for mischief. 

A j»\;^j^-\ ihri/ijdm, (v. n. 3 of *?-;»- Q) Throng- 
ing, crowding together,tumbling over one another. 
Wishing for a thing, and afterwards retracting. 

A\\s6jO~\ ihrinfdz. An assembling together. 

A ;_ji»li3j».\ ihrinfdsh, A swelling with rage. 

A Mj_f-\ ahii"run, (pi. of '»;»■) Stony countries. 

A ls^\ ahra'. Better, best. 

A A>,j»-\ ahriydt, (pi. of i^j>- hariy) Suitable. 

A ^\j>j>\ ihrirdf, (v. n. 12of t__ij»-) Chang- 
ing, being turned, inclining, deviating, 

A L>^..f'^ ihnz, A species of saffron. Unable 
to rise ; at the point of death. 

A i^j^"^ aharrtn, (pi. of »j»-) Stony places. 

A Ay».\ ihzdt, (v. n. 4 of (_f^) Fearing, stand- 
ing in awe of. Being hard and difficult to deal 

with. Knowing. Being high. 

A t-^)j»-^ ahzab, (pi. of (-->}»■ hizb) Troops, 
bands, cohorts. Auxiliaries, allies. Confederate 
companies of infidels. w\}*-^ j ^^UaJuJ^ ash ' shay- 
tan tea ahzabuhu, The devil and his crew. 

A^\o-\ Uizaz, (v. n. 4 of J»-) Excelling in nobi- 
lity and generosity. Chattering from cold (teeth). 

A J^^ ihzak, (v. n. 4 of Jj»-) Hindering. 

A (•5}»-^ ahzam, Cohorts, bands. Ihzam, (v. n. 
4 of *j».) Girthing. Making a girth for a horee. 

A ^Jy>^^ ahzitn, (pi. of jj^ hxtzn and hcKan) 
Griefs, sorrows. Jhzan, (v. n. 4 of yj*-) Being 
rough. Making sorrowful, vexing, grieving. Tra- 
yelling over rough grounds. 

A V^\ ahizzat, (pi. ofJJ>J»-) Rugged places. 

A 1jJo~\ uhzukhat, Narrow. Big-bellied. 
Short, and who moves the hips in walking. 


■■\ ahzam, Thick and bulky in the waist. 

High and rugged ground. More or most prudent. 

A »m\»A ahzimat,(jp\. of (,>J»- hazim) Breasts. 

A ■'K^Ja-^ ihzlzaf, (v.n. 12 of lj»-) Assembling, 
coming together. Drawing together her wings (a 
bird), and sitting off her eggs. 

A f^jt.'f-^ ikzizam, (v. n. 12 of (»j*-) Being full 
and compact. Being rugged (a place). Being 
big-bellied and not filled. 

A JiJoja-^ ihzu lal, (v. n. 4 of Jj^ Q) Rising 
from the ground (acamel).Appearinglofty through 
a mist (a mountain). Shrinking through fear. 
Being collected together. 

A >L-».\ ahxas, (pi. of ,<"»- hasy, hhy, and 
Awa') Waters subsiding through anysandy ground, 
and collecting on a solid stratum. The strata of 
stone or clay on which waters which have filtered 
through sand stagnate. Ihsas, (v. n. 4 of L-j». for 
^-.*-)Giving(one)tosip. Perceiving. Knowing. 

A (-->U.*-^ ahsab, (pi. of c-ju>f>- hasab) Dig- 
nities, honours. Ihsah, (v. n. 4 of (_*«»-) Beincr 
guflScient, sufiicing. Contenting, gratifying. Caus- 
ing to eat or drink to the full. Making (one) sit 
down on a cushion. Giving often. 

A jL-*.^ ihsar, (v. n. 4 of ^^».) Overdriving. 

A (;juL«&-\ t/wa»,(v.n.4 of J;L»-) Feeling, per- 
ceiving, seeing, finding, knowing, understanding. 

A i_JL.»-\ iltsaf, (v. n. 4 of i_ft>..-w) Mixing 
(dates) with the refuse of rotten ones. 

A (^L.»-\ ilisak, ( V. n. 4 ofi.dL..-» ) Giving com 
to a horse in a nose-bag fastened round his head. 

A jL.».\ alisal, Newly-hatched crocodiles. 

A jjU-o-l iluan, (v. n. 4 of j^^-.^.) Doing good, 
conferring an obligation. Making good. Know- 
ing well. Sitting on a high sand-hill. Beneficence, 
courtesy. Kindness. 

P »'V.'> i^o-^ Hisan-dida, Benefited, served, 
obliged ; any one who receives favours. 

^ (jL.*.! ihsant, Beneficent. 

A (._A«^\ ahsab, Better or best arithmetician. 

( 34 ) 

(A camel) white and red. Red-haired (man). 
White, leprous. Bald through disease. 

A i_->U-^\ ihsibab, (v. n. 9 of (_,*-.*-) Being 
of a whitish red colour (a camel). Being white 
and leprous (a man). 

A ^j-r^^ aJisan, More or most beautiful, excel- 
lent, oragreeable. Alisana, (in prayer) May (God) 
be gracious. Altsin, (imperative of j^^-.*-^ alisana, 
4th conj.) Do good. 

p lci»»>-\ iJcsinta, Inheritance, possession. 

p ijju-a-l alisand, (a corruption of a C* '».>... ■•- 1 
alisanta) Well done ! bravo ! 

A »^-.*-\ ahsuwat, (pi. of j— *- hasm) Broths. 

A «jby»»-\ alisiyat, (pi. of_j— »• hasw) Brotlis. 

A ^Ll^-l ahshof, (pi. of Lij>- hasha') Bowels. 

A L-.'\-ii>-\ ?7ts/ioft,(v.n.4ofL-*-2;.*-) Enraging. 

A 4ili«»-\ ikshad, (v. n. 4 of ij-io-) Congrega- 
ting, flocking together for mutual assistance. As- 
sembling for one object. 

A (_jilii-\ ihshash, (v. n. 4 of (jt^^) Foraging, 
foddering, collecting fodder. Assisting (one) in 
cutting and getting in hay. Being easy to be ga- 
thered (fodder). Having a dried-up foetus in the 
womb (a woman). . Keeping back, withholding. 
Making the shank thin (fat). Withering (a hand). 

A ( i\^^\ ihshaf, (v. n. 4 of v_ii.i>-) Bearing 

bad dates (a palm-tree). 

A tillia-l ihshah, (v. n. 4 ofi^i'..-v) Giving 
barley to a horse in the nose-bag. 

A *ll.»-l alishdm, (pi. of ijLs>~ hasham) Ser- 
vants, domestics, followers, attendants. Troops, 
train, matchlock-men. Ihshavi, (v. n. 4 of ^*..t.) 
Provoking, annoying. Making ashamed. 

A j^Li*.\ Uishan, (v. n. 4 of ^^j«.) Using a 
milk-bottle till it becomes greasy and stinks. 

A ^jos- \ ahass, (A man) thin of hair. (A bird) 
having few feathers on the wing. Serene, sunny 
(day). Barren (year). Unfortunate. (A sword) 
not having a glittering surface. 

A >La>.^ ifisaj,(^. n. 4 of Uar»-) Giving plen- 
tifully to drink. (v. n. 4 of ,jas~) Numbering, 
computing. Comprehending, tiiowing. Preserv- 
ing, guarding. Power, ability. Las«-1 ^ la ihsa. 
Inexpressible, beyond computation. 

A L-»Lfl»-\ ilisab, (v. n. 4 of i_>ua*.) Scatter- 
ing gravel about whilst running (a horse). Turn- 
ing one's back upon, retiring. 

A <iLasw\ ihsad, (v. n. 4 of j-ao-) Coming to 
maturity, being fit to cut (corn). Twisting tight. 

AjLa»-\ ihsdr, (v. n. 4 of^,.a»-) Restraining, 
prohibiting, hindering, preventing. Keeping one 
back from travelling (disease). • Having the orifice 
of the teats very small. Costiveness: stricture. 

A (_>oUa»-\ ihsas, (v. n. 4 of iJao~) Giving any 
one his share. Removing from office, deposing. 

A (__JLa*-\ ihsaf, (v.n. 4 of c-i«a#.) Conduct- 
ing (business) in a steady and judicious manner. 


Twisting (a rope) tight. Going quickly with short 
steps. Putting to a distance. Bringing to an end. 

A JUi»-^ ihsdl, (v. n. 4 of J-a»-) Bearing 
green unripe dates (a palm) : also yellow flowers. 

A ^^\-a«-^ ahsm, (pi. of^^J^a»- hisn) Fortresses. 
Ihsdn, (v. n. 4 of ^^^-a*) Taking a wife. Being 
married, having a husband. Being chaste and vir- 
tuous. Keeping one chaste (matrimony). Keep- 
ing a wife very much secluded. Fortifying, de- 
fending. Being pregnant. Continence, chastity. 
Besieging. Strength, firmness. 

A ^JJao-\ ahassani, (dual of (_><»s«-^ ahass) The 
two unfortunates) A slave and an ass. 

A i>-fli3-\ ahsad, Firmly twisted (rope). 

A tya».\ ahsirat, (pi. of jco*. hasir) Mats. 
Narrow, tight-chested. Assemblies. Prisons. 
Kings. Roads. Surfaces of the ground. Rows, 
ranks. Sides. 

A *j«fle».\ ahsinat, Spear-heads. 

A i_-'La»-\fl/wa&,(pl.of u-*-^»- hizb and huzb) 
The twangs of a bowstring. Ihzdb, (v. n. 4 of 
V i'-^*^) Raising a fire or throwing fuel on it. 
Replacing a rope on the pulley. 

A j^Loo-l ahzdj, (pi. of ^As^ hizj or hazj) Re- 
mains of water in a cistern. 

xXtaoA ihzdr, (v. n. 4 of «.a»-) Producing, 
presenting, making appear, bringing: summoning, 
citing, calling before, causing or ordering to bring 
or be brought into one's presence. Running. Lift- 
ing up his feet high in running (a horse). ^ 

A (jUa»-\ ahzdn, (pi. of (^;-a»- hizti) Sides, parts, 
tracts. Densofhyoenas. Ihzdn, (v. n. 4 of ^J*a»') 
Despising, disgracing. Defrauding. 

A JLo^i ahizsat, (pi. of („>aJua<k. haziz') Low 
grounds at the foot of a mountain. Stones. 

A )as>.\ahatt. Smooth on either side of the back. 

A L>.>Ua»-\ ahtdb, (pi. of t-*laa. hatab) Fire- 
wood. Ihtdb, (v. n. 4 of (_.«Vi-^) Being fit for, re- 
quiring priming (a tree). Abounding in small wood. 

A ialks-l ihtdt, (v. n. 4 of Jo*-) Being fat, 
swollen, or covered with pimples (the face). 

A JUaa^\ ahtm, (pi. of Jlsn. hitl) Wolves. 

A (_.*la&-\ ahtab. Very lean and slender (like a 
stick). Unfortunate. 

A ^\iaia^\ ihfitdf, (v. n. 12 of jla*) Swelling. 

A )a»-\ ahazz, More or most fortunate or happy. 
Ahuzz, (pi. of ^ hazz) Felicities, good fortunes. 

A -^Uas-l ihzds, (v. n. 4 of j_^»»- Preferring 
one to another. 


A lj>Uao.\ ihzdz, (v. n. 4 of iaa-) Becoming pro- 
sperous and happy. 

A jjao.. 1 ahzi, (pi. of ^^ hiza' ) Good fortunes. 

A '■^\Aa^\ ihfas, (v. n. 4 of ,_^) Walking bare- 
foot. Causing to go imshod!" Shaving or trim- 
ming one's whiskers. Having a horse whose hoofs 
are worn. Being very inquisitive and disagreeably 
importunate. Urging one to enquire and invest:- 

gate. Despising, slighting. 

A (.ijUs».\ ahfas, (pi. of tl/i*-) Tripes, bellies. 

A lili*-) ahfad, (pi. of jjl*- hafid) Friends, 
companions. Families, grand-children, sons-in- 
law, relations. Ihfad, (y. n. 4 of iji*-) Going 
fast (but below the pace called •,_ ')~ khahab'). 
Ordering or compelling to travel quiclc. 

Ajltt3-\ ahfar, (pi. of jflj». hafar) Wide pits, 
excavations. Ihfar, (v. n. 4 of jis"-) Changing 
his teeth (a colt). Assisting one to excavate a well. 
Changing the two upper and lower front teeth. 

A (^Ib3-\ ahfdsh, (pi. of (jiij»- hifsh) Cases 
in which women put their spindles. Small boxes. 
Small houses, closets, &c. Camels' bunches. Pu- 
denda. Articles of small value, as faded furniture, 
old vessels or sacks. The worst part of household 
furniture. The refuse of the earth (as lizards and 
hedgehogs). Ihfash, (v. n. 4 of (jtir>-) Making 
haste, using despatch. 

A ^joUo-l ahfag, (pi. of i^jo&a~ hafi) Leathern 
sacks with which they empty out wells. 

A (_jflli»-\ ahfaz, (pi. of {^jiAa- hafaz) House- 
hold goods, furniture, utensils. Camels which 
carry them. Hair tents with columns and ropes. 
Weak camels. 

A )b\sLsJ\ ihfaz, (v. n. 4 of laio-) Angering. 

A I — i\s.sJ\ ihfaf, (v. n, 4 of ijlfl*-) Allowing the 
hair to become matted from neglecting to oil it (a 
woman). Mentioning any one in a shameful man- 
ner. Weaving (a garment) with the instrument 
called ^»- ficff. Causing (a horse) to make the 
noise called u_ixa»- hafif. 

A 'saj>-\ ahiffat, (pi. of (_iU*. W°f) Curls, 
locks, or braids of hair. Parts, sides. 

A \^yS.o~\ ah/ash, (A camel) the front of whose 
bunch is ulcerated and eaten away, the back part 
remaining sound. 
• A ^Jao~\ ahfala', Promiscuously. 

A £lki>.l ihfizaz, (v. n. 11 of iaflfl^) Swell- 
ing, becoming inflated (a serpent). 

A |j»-l ahakk, More or most worthy, deserving. 
Legitimate. A horse that does not sweat A horse 
that places his hind-foot in the footstep of the fore- 
foot (which is considered a blemish), 

A >'JL3.\ ahhuf, (pi. of ^a». hakw) Waists. 
Breeches. Waistbands. 


A »\i».\ ahikkas, (pi. of ^J:^ kaldk) Worthy. 

A (_jla».l ahkab, (pi. of i_»P>- hukub) Periods 
of 80 years, ages. I/ikdb, (v. n. 4 of i_->fl:»-) Being 
destitute of minerals (a mine). Putting something 
into the portmanteau iu-a*- hakibat, and strapping 
it behind the saddle. Allowing one to ride behind 
one's self. Being barren from want of rain. 

A iSUio-^ ahkad, (pi. of i}i>. hikd) Hatreds, 
animosities. Jhkad, (v. n. 4of i\H«>-) Stirring up 
hatred. Making a fruitless search for ore. 

A i_j\ii>-\ akkaf, (pi. of (_ifla- hihf) Hills of 

{ 85 ) 

sand. Sands extending a great way, and sloping 
from trees. Name of a large district of country in 
Arabia, extending from Hazramawt (to the east- 
ward of the straits of Babi'lmandib (gate of tears) 
at the entrance into the Red Sea), to Oman, on the 
gulf of Persia, and Ormiiz. It is covered with 
little hills of moving sand, which, when the south 
wind blows, often prove fatal to the caravans. 

A |j^-0»-\ ahkak, (pi. of »ii&- kukkat) Boxes, 
caskets. Ihkah, (v. n. 4 of j*-) Speaking truth, 
overcoming by truth. Knowing for certain. Ren- 
dering necessary. Completing her third and en- 
tering on her fourth year (a camel). Coming to. 
Killing game. p [j'^y ^j>- J^^^ ihkaki hah 
hardan, To administer justice. 

A Jlos-l ahkal, (pi. of *1H»- hahlat^ Gripes 
(in camels from eating certain herbs). Ihhal, (v. n. 
4 of (JS*-) Putting forth the blade (corn). 

A (jlH»-\ ahhan, (pi. of &jJl9- hahnat) Cholics. 

A c-^*-^ ahkab, Name of a demon, genie, or 
spirit. A wild ass marked with white about the 
girths. Ahhub, (pi. of u-*S5>- huhb or huftub) 
Periods of 80 years, ages. 

A Ji£o»i ahkad, More or most vindictive, ran- 
corous, or spiteful. 

AjiaA akkar, More or most vile or contempti- 
ble. (Used for I or me.) i^IaJI JL&.\ ahkaru'l 
^bad. The meanest of (your) servants. 

A S . 'fc -i akkaf, Lank-belhed (camel). 

A jjJ*-\ ahkt, (pi. of jii*- hakni) Waists, sides, 
hypochondrias. Waistbands. Breeches. 

A 1 JlJLfl*-) ihkihaf, (v. n. 12 of i_fta»-) Being 

long and crooked (sand, the back, or new moon). 

A i2,\f^ ahakk. Rubbed, worn. Toothless. 

A ^Ok*-^ ihkaf, (v.n. 4of \i^) Tying firm, tight- 
ening. i^.i^jO (3^^^ to ma ahkasani sadri, It 
never entered my thoughts, (v. n. 4 of ,i^) Tying 
tight. Prevailing against, overcoming, conquering. 

A d^i>^ikkad,(r.nA of jiCa.) Receding, hang- 
ing back. Leaning upon, confiding. 

A J\^l ihhal, (v. n. 4 of ■Ji*-) Being obscure 
and doubtful. Stirring up mischief. 

A t.dJK&.\ ahkak. Men, people. Ihhak, (v. n. 4 
of "-ilft.) Rubbing, triturating. Occurring to the 
mind. Itching, requiring scratching (the head). 

A |»oi^\ ahham, (pi. of Sj>- kukm) Orders, de- 
crees, mandates. Precepts of law, judgments, sen- 
tences. Letters-patent. Mysteries. Predictions, 
presages, (ji.'^^ J6^\ ahkamu'd din. The ordi- 
nances of religion. (__aJuJ)j ^J\ j,^j»-\ahhamu'r 
ramy wa's sai/f. The sciences of the javelin (or the 
arrow) and tlie sword. f,^ *^^\ ahhamu'n 
nujum. The judgments of the stars (a book treat- 
ing of judicial astrology). Ihkam, (v. n. 4 of ^X>-) 
Doing (any thing) well, firmly, and efiectually. 
Restraining (a fool), restraining from mischief. 
Curbing (a horse). Causing to recede. 


A (jj^slii jS'»-\ ahlMinu'l hdkimln. The judge 
of judges, lord chief justice : also a title given to 
governore of provinces. 

A jL«jX».i uAASwa^, Dominion, sovereignty. 

A J.»- \ ahall. Lank about tlie buttocks and thighs. 
Pained in the buttocks and knees. Feeble in the 
legs, weak in the feet. 

A >iL>-l ihlas, (v. n. 4 of U».) Applying a colly- 
rium to the eyes. (v. n. 4 of ^Jj^ forjL*-) Sweet- 
ening. Discovering to be sweet. Speakingsweetly. 

A L->ile>-\ ihlab, (v. n. 4 of (_jAe-) Assisting in 
milking : milking cattle in the fields, sending the 
milkto difierent quarters. AUowinganothertomilk 
one's cattle. Having a camel bringing forth fe- 
males (when males, it is called t— >^)j>-\ ijldb), 

A &J^k>.l ihlabat, A milking cattle in the fields 
and sending the milk to different quarters. Milk. 
Milk overflowing the bottle. 

A (_j«^)se>-\ ahlag, (pi. of (j<A»- hils) Saddle- 
cloths, or any thing put upon a camel's back to pre- 
vent galling. Carpets, or any thing similar laid 
under rich garments or furniture. Jhlds, (v. n. 4 
of (j«i»-) Covering the ground (grass). Covering 
(a camel) with the saddle-cloth (wi*- hils. Pour- 
ing down a continued and gentle rain (the sky). 
Fraud, cheating in a sale. Insolvency. 

A l>5)^>-\«74Za<,(v.n.4oflal»-)Swearing. Being 
pertinacious in one's oath. Contending obstinately. 
Being angry. Exasperating. Making haste, being 
expeditious. Entering the seat of destruction. 
Abiding, stopping. Helping (a camel) to cover. 

A I >%>~\ aklaf, (pi. of (_ai*. hilf) Treaties, 

agi'eements, compacts. Confederates, companions 
swearing mutual fidelity. Faithful observances of 
agi'eements. Name given to the tribes Ja«»\ asad 
and ^^\siaS- ffhatafdn. Name of the tribe of i_fl .S „> 
saktf; also of six families of (j^V kiiraysh. Ih- 
laf, (v. n. 4 of i_ttL>-) Administering an oath. Ar- 
riving at manhood or womanhood. Coming to ma- 
turity (the plant ^liW halfds). 

A 1^%>-\ ahlufly. Name of i_j\iaiA ^J>.J^ 
9umar bini 'I khattdb the ijj liP fadawty, one of 
the six families of Kuraysh who confederated to- 
gether, and were called i >^L>-\ ahldf. 

A jj^^^ ahlak, (pi. of Jjl»- kalh) Throats, gul- 
lets. I/ilak, (v. n. 4 of Jjlsw) Filling a cistern. 

A uiJi)k».\ ahlak, (pi. of tiUs-) Blacknesses. 

A J^k»-\ ihldl, (v. n. 4 of 3-*-) Causing one to 
alight and sojourn (in a place). Sending down, 
causing (anger) to light. Rendering lawful. Re- 
newing hostilities at the expiration of the sacred 
months during which war is interdicted. Laying 
aside a Nazarite's vow. Being released from any 
engagement by which one was bound. Putting off" 
mourning (a widow). Deserving punishment. 
Having milk in the udder previous to yeaning (a 
sheep). Having little milk (a ewe), and abound- 

ing in milk after eating spring-grass. 

A *^\ ahlam, (pi. of Jo- hilm) Intellects. 
Meeknesses, (pi. of J*, hulm) Dreams. Bodies, 
(pi. of *jJ*. barim) Mild, gentle, clement. Ihlam, 
(v. n. 4 of J*-) Dreaming. Bringing forth meek 

p ^j J (^V.*^ L r^*^^ ahlab diyasi rumi, A kind 
of epurge. 

A (jJi»-\ ahlcu, (A ram) black-bodied with a 
mi.xturc of red. Of a dark bay colour. 

A t_j«L-L>-\ ihUsas, (v. n. 9 of (j»i»-) Being of 
a colour between black and red. 

A «JLJ i_il>-^ U ma ahlafa limnuhu, How 
sharp and glib his tongue is ! 

A (•\idi>-l ihlinhain, A refusing of food. 

A eij]L»-l uhlufat, A word by which any one is 
made to swear, a form of adjuration. 

A /J*-^ ahla', More or most sweet, sweeter. 

A JLU-\ ahliyat, Strong withered grasses. 

A J-U.1 i7</i/,(pl. JJUU/iSfiO The orifice of 
the teat or penis. The penis. Name of a valley. 

A >iLL-\ tVi/i/o., (v. n. 12 of iU. for^) Being 
sweet. Sweetening. Discovering, finding sweet. 

A tiJ5LJ».\i7(fi/aA,Thebeingexceedinglyblack. 

A I».\ a/tamm. Black (horse). White. Head- 
less or wingless (arrow). 

A ^\^\ ahmat, (pi. of |»»- hani) Fathers or bro- 
thers-in-law. A wife's relatives. A husband's re- 
latives, (pi. of j_j^ hima') Inaccessible, forbidden, 
guarded (places). J/t/not, (v. n. 4 of I?") Befouling 
(a well) by casting black mudinto(it). (v. n. 4 of 
^_^) Exciting, stirring up. Guarding, preventing. 
Rendering inaccessible. Finding (a place) to be 
inaccessible. Heating (iron). Making (a day or 
fire) hot (God). 

A f^\ahi7nmas,{pl.ofj,iJ^ Aamlm) Relatives. 

A ii\j^\ ihmad, (v. n. 4 of iX?") Receiving, or 
deserving to receive, praise. Finding a laudable 
country. Accepting, receiving favourably. Ap- 
proving of any one's opinions without divulging 
them. Being praiseworthy. 

aJ^\ ikmar, (v. n. 4 of^) Having a red son 
bom to one. Feedujg (a horse) too plentifully with 
barley, till his mouth smells ofiensively. 

A (,^1?"^ ihmas, (v. n. 4 oi fjjf") Enraging. 

A {JiXf'\ i/mdsh, (v. n. 4 of (jt.?') Putting in 
a rage, exciting, provoking. Kindling (anger). 
Adding fuel to the fire, making (the kettle) boil. 

* U^'^^ ihmaz, (v. n. 4 of ;_>a.?-) Making acid. 
Being acid and bitter. Producing salt and bitter 
plants (the earth). Feeding (a camel) with such 
plsuits. Feeding on such plants (a camel). Jesting. 
Keeping (any one) back from doing a thing. 

A jlf-^ ihmak, (v. n. 4of J^) Bearing a fool- 
ish Bon. Esteeming or discovering one to be a fool. 

A Jl^\ ahmal, (pi. of J.?- haml) Fetuses in the 
womb. (pi. of J.?" haml or himl) Fruits of trees. 

( 30 ) 

(pi. of ^Mml) Burdens. Loads, (pi. of J^ 
hamnl) Full-grown lambs. JU-j Jl?-^ ahviali 
rijal, The accoutrements or baggage of foot soldiers ; 
any thing carried by foot-travellers ; traps. Ihmal, 
(v. n. 4 of J.^ ) Loading. Assisting in taking up a 
load. Emitting milk without conceiving. 

A ^\ ihmam, (v. n. 4 of Is-) Determining, 
decreeing. Measuring. Warming water. Wash- 
ing with cold and hot water. Being feverish and 
love-sick. Being feverish (a country). Throw- 
ing into a fever. Keeping in anxious suspense. 
Blackening. Approaching, becoming present. 

A i^\ ah mad, More or most laudable. One of 
the names of Muhammad. Piibl i^\ahmad-dbd(l, 
(City of Ahmad) the capital of Guzerat. S^\ 
ahmad hasan, Name of Mahmiid Sabakta- 

HjJ5ii.?'\«/iOTa<:?-na(7«;', (City of Ahmad) Name 
of a city of the Dakhan, where AurangzTb died. 

A !^dJ^\ ahmadly, Belonging to Ahmad. 

A.j^\ akmar, {^\.J^ hunir and f^J^humran) 
Red. Unarmed. Barbarous (not Arabian). Gold. 
Safii-on. Flesh. Wine. A kind of aromatic. A 
sort of date. White. Ji'S C^yt m.awt ahmar, A 
violent death. 

Aj{ji'\ ihmirdr, (v. n. 9 of j^) Being very red. 
Being intensely severe (misfortune). Redness. 

A {^j^'i^ al ahmardni, Wine and flesh. 

A 'ij^\ ahmirat, (pi. of ■l?' himdr) Asses. 

A (j?r^i ahmariy, Very red. 

A A^^l ahmanyat, Great redness. 

A J^l ahmaz, Stronger, strongest. Tart (wine). 

A (j<*i^ 1 ahvias, Strong, bold, unwavering. In- 
trepid, warlike. Hard (place), (pi. jj«^W aha- 
mis) Barren (year). 

A (jS-?"! ahmash, Spindle-shanked. 

A i^jaf'S ahmas, A sheep-stealer. 

A Jjr?"! ahmak, Foolish, stupid, awkward. A 
greater or greatest fool. (pi. Ij^ hamdka') Aioo\. 

p wlii.?-\ ahmakana, Foolishly, like a fool. 

A (_^U*'\ ahmaki, Folly, stupidity. 

A i^f-S ahmal, More or most capable of bearing. 

A 'iJ^\ uhmukat. An arrant or egregious fool. 

A |_j?"\ ahma', More or most modest or ashamed . 
^^ \m\ ^^\ ahma' anafan min ... , Possessed of 
a nicer sense of honour than .... 

^yj^^ ihmirdr. The being extremely red. 

A -^W?"^ ihmimds, (v. n. 12 o( ^Jp-) Becoming 
black (night or a cloud). 

A ^_jjV£y?-\ ihmimds, A waxing wrathful. 

A ^^\ ihan, (pi. of &ia-\ «7tn««)Hatreds. Angers. 

A -^Ua-l ahndi, Allegories, metaphors. Intrica- 
cies, (pi. of ^i». hinm) Sides. Curves. Crooked 
timbers of saddles. Ihnd^, (v. n. 4 of U»- for J»-) 
Being loving, affectionate (a mother). 

A l1>U».\ ihnds, (v. n. 4 of tl***-) Making 
(one) swear falsely. Biassing to right or wrong. 


A J^\ ihndj, (v. n. 4 of 2j»-) Inclining. 
Causing to incline, giving a bias. Resting, re- 
posing. Concealing, suppressing. Making haste. 
Wresting (a person's words). 

A JUa-i ilmdz, (v. n. 4 of iJ^) Diluting (wine) 
with a little, (according to some) with much water. 

A (_pUe-^ ahndsh, (pi. of iJ^M- fiana^h) Rep- 
tiles, serpents, vipers. Flies. Birds or animals 
which are hxmted. Those whose heads are shaped 
like serpents' heads. Ihndsh, (v. n. 4 of j_ji>i»-) 
Driving off, averting. Accelerating, urging on. 

A ioUo-^ ihndt, (v. n. 4 of )aA>) Being fit for 
reaping (wheat). Being ripe (the plant cL*^ 
rims). Burying (the dead) with sweet herbs. 

A jlJo-\ ihndh, (v. n. 4 of J>ie-) Irritating, 
exasperating. Hating with unmitigated rancour. 
Being thin (a camel's bunch). Being lank from 
much covering (an ass). Touching the belly (the 
back). Coming out into ear (com). 

A Li)Uo-\ ahndh, (pi. of i.:ili.-»- haiiah) Palates, 
or under parts of the mouth opposite them. Ikndk, 
(v. n. 4 of tdlis^) Rendering expert. Driving back. 

A ^J^\ ihndn, (v. n. 4 of ^!p-) Mistaking, 
blundering. Making (a bowstring) twang. 

A fti»-\ ihnat, (v. n. of ^J^^) Bearing extreme 
hatred, holding in utter aversion. Hatred: anger. 

A 'iZs>~\ ahinnat, (pi. of i^X^*'^ lianin) Months 
of Jamadi. 

A laia-\ ahnat. One who has a large thick beard . 

A '. g't~-^ ahnaf. Bow-legged. A man's name. 

A ciii».\ ahnah, A camel that eats much, that 
makes more use of his jaws than others. 

A j_^la/t«a',Crook-backed.lpji^ u^^ ahna' 
zulHtan, More or most benevolent. 

A L->lji^\ ihrvdb, (v. n. 4 of l->U». for i-->jc»-) 
Turning, becoming inclined to iniquity. 

A C»>i_j».\ ahrodt, (pi, of <— ^j»- hut) Fishes. 

A -.^j»-l ihmdj, (v. n. 4 of _U- for --j*-) Want- 
ing. Making want, necessitating, consti-aining. 

Aj\j*-1 ahrvdr, (pi. ofjj*- hawar) Black cattle 
(as bulls, oxen, or cows). 

A ^\j».\ ihwdz, (v. n. 4 of il*. for ij*-) Driv- 
ing (camels) fast. Drawing together that nothing 
might escape. Drawing together (a garment). 
Making (a goblet) light. 

A'^y>.\ahKdz, Name of the country called by 
the moderns Khuzistan, and the ancients Susiana: 
also the capital city. 

A (ji\^».^ ihwash, (v. n. 4 of (jiU- for (jij^-) 
Surrounding (game), and driving (it) into the net. 

A (^^js-^ ahn-dz, (pi. of ^__>i^^-) Reservoirs. 

A i^\y>~\ ahwdl, (pi. of JU- hdl) States, con- 
ditions, situations, affairs, accidents, circumstances, 
accounts, relations, events (either past or present). 
Changes, vicissitudes, (pi. of Jja- hawl) Years. 
^ ijf^\y^_)^^ahKdlijan(/i,M[\it2iry affairs. J\j»-1 
JU ^ ahwdli khayr-masdl, Prosperity, good 


situations. JOt^JUu^. Jlji».1 .IjuJ (_<>•>- Uo i— ->ly 
nurvab sahib hisyar ahnal jmrsuland, The nabob 
enquii'ed about many circumstances, a Ahwala, 
Round about. Ihwal, (v. n. 4 of Jle>- for Jk»-) 
Remaining a year in a place. Having years pass 
over. Being a year old (a boy). Causingtosquint. 

P i_^^. 0^j»-\ahrval-pursi,'EnqmTy after state, 
health,' or affairs. 

A <— 'j^l ahwah, Guilty. Undutiful to parents. 

A jrj*"' ofin-aj, More or most needed or ne- 

A iiy>'\ akwaz, A quick pace. Quick-paced. 

A tU'iij*.' ahmaziy, Active, ready. Nimble. 
Clever, intelligent. Despatchful. 

Aj^!>-i ahvar, (fem. ^)\^ harvras, pl..^*. hur) 
One who has beautiful eyes. Understanding, in- 
tellect, intelligence. The planet Jupiter. 

kj\jy>~\ ihwirar, (v. n. 9 ofjl>- for ij&.) Being 
■white and fair. Being exceedingly white (the 
white of the eye). Being very black (the pupil of 
■ the eye). Having beautiful eyes. 

A \)y>-\ ahmirat, Sucking camels' colts. 

A iSjy*-^ ahwany, White, fair, soft, and sleek. 
Ihwarly, One who has a soft and shining skin. 

A Jja-1 ahrcaz, Active, nimble, clever, ready. 

A ^'y^\ ahwaziy, Nimble, swift, despatchful. 
Intelligent. Black. Clever in driving. 

A (,_jujj>-l ahwas, (pi. (_><*^ hus) Bold, un- 
daunted, intrepid, fearless. A wolf. 

A {^jo^^ akrvas, One who has the outer angle 
of the eye very acute. 

A \fy>.\ ahwat, Safest. Most comprehensive. 

A jj»-^ ahwah, Large-glanded (man). 

A Jj».\ ahrval, Squinting, squint-eyed (man). 
Crafty, sly. More or most crafty. »3j»-\ U via 
ahwalahi, How sly he is ! 

A J^^^ ihmllal, (v. n. 9 of (J_j»-) Squinting. 
Being verdant (ground). 

A &3j£>.1 ahwilat, (pi. of JW) States, conditions. 

Jt tijs^ ahrcaU, Strabism, squint. 

A &Sj»-) ahn-aliyat, Strabism, squint. 

A Jloijs^l ihminsdl, (v. n. 3 of ,y,o^ Q) 
Bending the neck and thrusting forward the crop. 

A *^j^\ ihrcircaf, (v. n. 9 of t/jJ>-) Being 
black inclining to red or green, or red inclined to 
black. Being green (the earth). 

A {J^\ ahwa', (fem. A^hawKa, pi. j»- huni) 
') Black, dusky (in the lips). Black inclined to 
' green ; or red inclined to black. 

A iUj»-\ ahwiyat, (pi. of A^ hirvar) Arabian 
tents made of woollen or goats' hair. 

A Ji)o.^\ ihmllal, (v. n. 11 of Jj»-) Squinting. 
Being verdant (the ground). Being even (plants). 

A A^.y^\ ihwlmai, (v. n. 11 of ^/y*-) Being 
green (the earth). Being black and inclining to 
green ; or red inclined to black. 

A ^^\nhayy,{A\va.ot t^^e-\) Blackish-lipped. 

( 37 ) 

A -*U».^ ahyas, (pi. of ^^j*- hayy") The living. 
Tribes, families. (pi. of >Ui»- hayai) Pudenda 
foeminum. Olj^^lj A^'^Salahyaswa'lamwat, 
The quick and the dead. Ihyas, (v. n. 4 of j_^) 
Recalling to life, reviving. Resuscitating (a fire) 
by blowing. Havinghealthy,thrivingflocks. Hav- 
ing a living colt (a camel). Discovering a place to 
be fruitful. Migrating to a region abounding with 
herbs. 0_^1 Ua-l ihya'l marot, A term used (in 
India) to denote any piece of ground incapable of 
yielding advantage, either from want of water, from 
inundation, or any other cause. 

A -.1^=^^ »%«;"> (v. n. 4 of _U«- for 2s»-) Pro- 
ducing the thorny plant —\s^ haj. 

A ilU5>-\ ahyad, (pi. of ja»- hayd) Eminences, 
or prominent parts of a mountain. Knots on the 
horns of the ibex or mountain-goat. 

A jVjk>.\ ahyaz, (pi. ofji*- hayyiz) Places, en- 
virons. The courts or avenues leading to a house. 

A J^Jto-l ahyal, (pi. of ,Jjc»- hayl) Stagnant wa- 
ters in a river's bed. 

A jo^A»-\ ahyan, (pi. of {^X^ '"'*) Times, ages. 
Ihyan, (v. n. 4 of (j\.». for tjj*-) Living, passing 
some time in a place. Gaining one's wishes. 
Being (time) for camels to be milked or marked. 

A LJUj».\ ahyanan, Sometimes, from time to 
time, now and then, ever and anon. Accidentally. 

A s^f ahihat, (or ^s^^) Great anger or grief. 

A ^^.■■>-»-\ uhaysin, (as &JuMJka-l U ma uhaysi- 
nahu) How pretty and genteel he is ! 

A t_P»f>-\ (thyaf, Land on which no rain falls. 

A ^y>:s>-\ ahyal. More or most sagacious, wily, 
sly, fertile in schemes, prolific in stratagems. U 
«iA».\ ma ahyalahu, How wily he is ! 

Ajs^S uhaymir (pi. ;vij jC»-^) Reddish. 

A t^^A»-l uhaywi, Reddish-lipped (man). 

A '&.fJ^s>.\ ahyiyat, (pi. oiAxo- hayai) Vulvas. 

P J. I ahh. Bravo ! courage ! 

p ^ ) ahh, Ah ! Bravo ! well done ! 

A i.\ ahh, (pi. lo**"' o-hhun, f\s- 1 uhhcu, (oij*-' 
ihhmanjuhhrvan, 'i^\ ihhmat, uhhrvat, iyA uhhu- 
wat, and ^\ uhhum) A brother, friend, or compa- 
nion. Like, resembling. The opposite, contrary. 
^i- ^\ a/Jtw'? A/toyr, (The opposite of good) Evil. 
^j^Jdj (.dU U-\ ^ la ahha laha hifuldnin. Such an 
one is no brother to you. Ihh or ahh, A word 
used to make camels bend the knee. 

A !pi ahhhh, A brother. Fye ! ah ! alas ! 
Ahhkh or ihhhh. Dirt, filth. 

A l»-\ ahha', A word for calling sheep. 

A *U«-I dhhdi, (pi. of j^^ ahh) Brothers. 

A A9-\ ihhdi, (v. n. 3 of li-\ for^\) Acting like 
a brother ; contracting a most intimate friendship. 

Aj(j\if\ ahkdhir, (pi. ofjUi-^ ahhbar) News. 

p ^\ j.\ ahh ahh, Good ! good ! Ah ! alas ! 
Ukh ukh. Excellent ! 

A 'iJ>\o-\ ihhdhhat, (v. n. 4 of «.U- for »-j»-) 

Being scanty and lying hid (grass). 

A ci>\>-l ahhddi^ (pi. of aiXaA ahhda%) Veins 
in the neck to which the cupping-glass is applied. 

A i\>.iili-\ ahhddid, (pi. of lijiii-UJtMwc?) Fur- 
rows, clefts in the ground. Lash-marks, wheals. 

A^.iiU»\a7eAa«?ir, (pi. ofj\;iJ-WMrfar) Curtains. 

A iiv»-i ihhdz, (pi. lijil uhhuz) Stagnant water ; 
a pool, ditch, or place where water stagnates. Land 
of which any one takes possession for himself. 

A a^\ ahhhhaz. An extortioner. 

A OliilS-\ ahhhhdzdt, Holes, ditches. 

A »iil>-\ ikhdzat, (pi. 'doA uhhuz) A pond. Land 
of which any one may take possession for himself. 
Land granted by a prince on feudal or copyhold 
tenure. A handle. The handle of a leathern shield. 

^ (_yiil>-\ ihhazi. An acceptance, a receipt. 

PjU- 1 dhhdr. Any thing thrown away for its 

A 8jl»-l ihhdrat, (v. n. 4 of jV>' for jj»-) Bending, 
turning (an animal from one road to another). 

A ^.J^^ ahhdrij, (pi. of —.J>- hharj) Tributes, 
imposts, revenues. 

p jl»- 1 dhhdz. Things of small value. 

A i_0««Vj-\ ahhdsif. Soft grounds. 

A (jwu^l ahhds't, (pi. of L»5»-) Unequal, odd. 

A k_Aii»li-\ ahhdshif. Hard ground. 

A X<o\i-^ ikhdzat, (v. n. 4 of (joli- for (_>»js>-) 
Entering into and fording (a river). Making one 
ford (a river). Inducing (one) to plunge into. 

Ajio[>-\ ahhdzir. Gold, flesh, and wine. 

A ajU»-l ihhdfat, (v. n. 4 of i Jl»- for i_-iji») 

Terrifying, intimidating. (v. n. 4 of (_-Jl»- for 

I o>p-) Visiting the temple i— Axv- hliayf on moimt 

Mina. Forcing (people) to betake (themselves) to 
Iiigher ground (an inundation). 

A (jSili-1 ahhdfish. Name of three grammarians. 

A wls»l ihhdhat, (v. n. 4 of jU«- for jj*-) Tra- 
velling over a country. 

A /^jj\i>-\ahhdhlh, (pi. of ^^^\uhhkuh) Clefts. 

p Jli- 1 dhhdl, Any kind of rubbish (as husks, 
fruit-parings, wood-shavings). Name of a city. 

A SJU>-\ ihhdlat, (v. n. 4 of J\i- for (J-^) Ap- 
pearing doubtful. Portending rain (a cloud). Con- 
sidering the appearance of any thing, especially of 
a cloud disposed to rain. Imagining, fancying. 
Prognosticating. Putting an image resembling a 
man near a young camel to scare the wolf Hav- 
ing milk in the udder. Being fruitful in grass. 

A &«l»\ ihhdmat, (v. n. 4 of (.la. for »^) Stand- 
ing on three feet (a horse), the tip only of the other 
hoof touching the ground, (v. n. 4 of |»\_s^ for 
*A»-) Erecting or pitching a tent. Standing on 
three feet, the tip of the fourth touching the ground. 

A i^jaA\ir-\ aklidmis, (pi. of j_>a.?"\) The hollow 
parts of the soles of the feet. Slender in the middle. 

A ^J^\ akhdni, (for (j^^^) Two brothers. 

p jjijjjli»- 1 dhhdnidan, (from ^fi- 1 dhhtan)To 

make come forth. To cause to draw (a sword). 

A ij\i'\ ihhawat, (v.n.of \i-\ for ji-\) Acting 
as a brother or a friend. 

A ^^.J'^^ akhanin, (pi. of y^>- khuwan or 
kJiiican) Trays, dinner-tables. 

A \A»-\ ahhaya', (pi. of "i**-^ ahhujat) Stakes 
or ropes to which cattle are fastened or tethered. 
A Jj\»-^ uhhi'il, Vain, proud. 

A Aj1>.\ ikhboj, (v. n. 4 of U- for yi-) Extin- 
gubhing. (v.n.4of^^) Making or pitchinga tent. 

A »— >U«.^ ahhbab, A torn garment. (pi. of 
tLi- */i«M) Barks of trees. Low grounds. (— >l-^^ 
».l*^^ akhbabu'l/ahis, The intestines, "ihfibab, 
( V. n. 4 of il^ ) Trotting or making a horse amble. 

A OUi-\ alihbat, (pi. of C*ji- /i/(ai<) Plains, 
extensive, level and soft grounds. Unequal and 
sandy grounds. Hthbat, (v. n. 4 of Ci*A»-) Abas- 
ing one's self. 

A Ll*b»-^ J A/iioi, (v. n. 4 of cl*Ji- ) Corrupting, 
teaching what is evil. Keeping bad company. 
Begetting wicked children. Using nasty discourse. 

AjUi-^ ahhbar, (pi. of jv»- hhdbar) Histories, 
tales, annals, gazettes, news, relations, advices, 
chronicles, traditions. A newspaper. Pjji>jlfi-i 
jb ahhbari durar-bar, Precious advices, happy 
news, agreeable intelligence. .'4^* tl^.i<»-_jj^»'i 
ahhbari wahshat-viadar, Dreadful news, unfortu- 
nate advices, j^*-^ ahhbar is the title of many 
books of history : as, ^liiii .bi-^ ahhbaru 'I hhu- 
lafaj, History of the Khalifs; Aji>^\j\^\ ahh- 
baru 'fh shuMrat, History of the poets ; J\J\ jUi-l 
a/(/iiarMV»a/«in,Historj' of the world; ii>J\jUi-l 
OVjiiJ^ jO 1 _j ahhbaru'l bilad tea asaru'l kish- 
tvarat, Historj' of countries and description of cities. 
Ihhbar, (v. n. 4 ofjji-) Advising, infonning, rela- 
ting, certifying, giving intelligence, telling. Find- 
ing (a milch-camel) to abound in milk. 

p i-oy .U>-^ ahhbar-navu, A news-writer. 

A jVU>-^ ahhbdriy, A chronicler. Ihhbariy, 
Declarative, enunciative, expressive. 

A ^Uv-^ ikhbat, (v. n. 4 of Jaf^) Being trou- 
bled with a cold. 

A JU»-^ ihhbdl,(v.n. 4 of Jji»-) Giving another 
the benefit of a sheep's milk, or of a camel's hair. 
Lending a horse to go on a military expedition. 
Dividing (camels) into two bands, of which one 
half shall breed every year. Tiring, weakening. 

A ybb>-\ ihhhdn, (v. n. 4 of (jv»") Concealing 
B3mething in the iuji» hhxibnat of one's trowsers. 

A i^ij^\ahhba». More or most impure, noxious 
or unwholesome. More or most malicious. 

A yUii-^^ al akhbasdni, (The two impurities) 
Excrement and urine. Fetid breath and sleepless- 
ness. Sleeplessness and fidgctmess. 

Aj^\ ahhbar. Better or best informed. 

A )ai»-\ ahhbat, A striker with his feet. 

A i^Ui«*»-) ihhbi^ds, A walking like a lion. 

( 38 ) 

A Jjj>-^ ahhbal, Mad, crazy. 

A As:^\ ihhbinda^, (v. n. 15 of 4>^) Being 
large and hai-d (a camel). Being full-grown, finely 
made (a man). 

A 'i^\ ahhbiyat, (pi. of *Ui. hhibdi) Tents, 
tabernacles. Private marks impressed on she-ca- 
mels of a noble breed. i^H^ >>*-» ^a^du 'I ahh- 
biyat, Name of the twenty-fifth lunar mansion. 

p ^) ahhpahh, Understanding, wisdom. 

A tJJi'\ whht, (pi. 0\js>-\ ahhawdt) A sister. 
Similar, equal, alike, congenial. ^^J^^ ^^ uhhta 
suhayl, Sisters of Canopus, name of two stars of 
the second magnitude. 

A f^\ ihhtds, (v. n. 4 of l:^ for _jl9-) Selling 
wares piece by piece. 

A Cy<^\ ihhtdt, (v. n. 4 of 0>»-) Blushing, 
being ashamed. Degrading, rendering vile. 

p J^<^\ ahhtdj, A feudatory vassal to another 

A ^J^^ ahhtdn, (pi. of (J^i- hhatan) A bride's 
nearest kindi-ed, as father or brother. Sons-in-law. 

A •''Lji-l ikhtibat, (v. n. 8 of ui-) Hiding, con- 
cealing. Being concealed, lying hid. Rendering 
obscure and enigmatical (a sentence or verse) to 
any one, and then questioning him about (it). 

A L->LJki-\ ihhtibdb, (v. n. 8 of (Jl*s»-) Cutting 
or tearing a strip from a piece of cloth. Ambling. 
Lifting up the right and left legs together (a horse). 
Standing first on one foot, and then on the other. 

A jLJk5>-^ ihhtibdr, (v.n. 8 of^jv*-) Trying, prov- 
ing. Being acquainted or conversant with. Ex- 
perience, skill, conversancy. 

AjUl»-\ ihhtibdz, (v.n. 8 ofjfi-) Baking bread 
for one's self. 

A (_j*»UJiI»-l ihhtibds, (v. n. 8 of (j«ji-) Over- 
coming one and depriving him of his property. 

A (_^Ljki-^ ihhtibds, (v. n. 8 of (,>oj>»-) Cook- 
ing the dish i^_}axy»- khabis. 

A iaUji-l ihhiibdt, (v. n. 8 of iij»-) Importu- 
nately asking a favour without claim or previous 
acquaintance. Strikinghard. Pawingthe ground. 

A JUa>-\ ikhtibdl, (v. n. 8 of Jji-) Depriving 
any one of his reason, or of the use of his limbs. 
Being restless and unsteady (a quadruped). 

A -^bXi-^ ihhtitds, (v. n. 8 of \:i.) Concealing 
one's self from fear or shame. Turning pale, 
changing colour (through dread of a king or ma- 
gistrate). Seizing, snatching off by force. De- 
ceiving, (v. n. 8 of \:i- for jji-) Being broken 
and subdued by grief, fear, or disease. Selling 
one's goods one by one. (v. n. 8 of ^J^) Chang- 
mg colour (from dread of the magistrate). 

A J\JLk».\ ihhtitdl, (v. n. 8 of JJw>-) Listening 
to private conversation, playing the eaves-dropper. 

A j.bJt.\ ihhtitdm, (v. n. 8 of Jc^) Finishing, 
completing. End, conclusion, fulfilment. o5y« 


loving, whose end or tendency is love or friendship. 

A ^JdMi'S ihhtitdn, (v. n. 8 of J^i-) Being cir- 
cumcised. Circumcising one's self. 

A (^\1»-^ ihhtisds, (v. n. 8 of i.l*i-) Being 
ashamed. Magnificence, grandeur. 

A e\s:i>-\ ikhtidd^ (v. n. 8 o( ^) Deceiving, 
cheating, circumventing, insidiously injuring. 

Aj\jIi-\ ihhtiddr, (v. n. 8 oij^) Ljnng hid, 
concealing one's self. 

A i_J\;iJrfl-l ihhtiddf, (v. n. 8 of u->i>*-) Seiz- 
ing, carrying off by force. Cutting out (a garment). 

A *\iiJki-\ ikhtiddm, (v. n. 8 of ^^) Serving 
one's self. Seeking a servant, taking into service. 

p jlS-l ahhtar, A star. Horoscope, predomi- 
nant star at any one's nativity. Name of a lunar 
mansion. An omen, augury. An ensign, standard. 
Name of an angel. J^\ uiLi Tielt-ahhtar, Bom 
under a lucky planet : fortunate, virtuous. jli-J 
^\ Jj«M> dukhtari safcl-akhtar, A daughter of 
fortunate stars. v^ JieA ahhtari panjmn, The 
fifth constellation, i.e. the planet Mars, (jtibjlji^l 
ahhtari ddnish, The planets of wisdom, i.e. Jupi- 
ter and Mercury. U**» j«> j^^ ahhtari sar sdbz, 
A happy constellation. ^^iijJ^J^\ ahhtar shu- 
murdan, To count the stars, i.e. to keep awake. 
^^j^ JJi^ ahhtari hdviydn (or jj\j'> kdvdn), The 

standard of Kaw or of Faridun. 



ahhtardni tdb-zada. Stars appearing in the water. 

A i^\po'\ ihhtirdb, (v. n. 8 of (--.»js>-) Robbing. 

A J)y^^ ikhtirdj, (v. n. 8 of >r/*") Extracting, 
drawing out. Selecting, choosing. 

A (^\ppA ikhtirdsh, (v.n. 8 of (_)ij»-) Scratch- 
ing. Providing, seeking provision for a family. 

A i^jo\pJ-\ ihhtirds, (v. n. 8 of (^w^) Invent- 
ing a lie. Putting into a wallet. 

A l9\jXaiL) ihhtirdt, (v. n. 8 of *»;»■) Stripping 
the leaves off a branch, or grapes off a bunch. 
Unsheathing (a sword). 

A p);^^ ihhtirdi, (v. n. 8 of p »»•) Cleaving. 
Commencing. Inventing, producing something 
new, contriving. Lending (a horse) for a few days 
and then taking (him) back. Defrauding. Ruin- 
ing, or seeking to ruin. Invention. 

A i_J^^^ ikhtirdf, (v. n. 8 of i-J>j^) Gather- 
ing fruit in autumn. 

A j)\f^^ ihhtirdh, (v. n. 8 of jj»-) Pervad 
ing, blowing with violence (as the wind). Passing 
by or through, threading. Making up a false stor 

A Ap'"^ ihhtirdm, (v. n. 8 of m^^ Destroying 
extirpating. Cutting off. 

p ^JCLMJ:a^ ahhtaristdn, Name of a treatise oi| 

Pj*^ jX»-l ahhtarshumur, (or (_j«lJyS» j^l 
ahhtar-shinds) An astronomer. 

p yjiji^ ahhtar-go, (or gu) An astrologer. 

A j]^\ ihhtizdz, (v. n. 8 of J*-) Selecting, 
picking out. Piercing, transfixing with a dart. 


A f|}J^^ ikhtka^ (v. n. 8 of cjai) Tearing away, 
alienating (one) from his kindred. 

A j)}^^ ikhtizak, (v. n. 8 of JJ*-) Being 
drawn (a sword), slipping out of the sheath. 

A J]j^^ ikhtizd.1, (v. n. 8 of J}»-) Being alone. 
Eliding, cutting off. Tearing away, alienating 
from kindred. 

A ^J^J^^ ikhtizan, (v. n. 8 of ^^J*•) Hoarding. 
Keeping a secret. Taking the nearest road. 

A ujlll^l ikhtishah, (v. n. 8 of (— *.i^) Writ- 
ing a poem off hand. 

A ^liJLaLl ihhtishash, (v. n. 8 of i^) Eat- 
ing creeping things. 

A gl-i.:ui-\ iJtktisha^ (v. n. 8 of ^^) Being 
humble. Humbling one's self. 

A -^UxSi^l ikhtisds, (v. n. 8 of ^ja»-) Castrating 
one's self. 

AjLoIs^l ikhtUar, (v. n. 8 of^a*-) Abridging, 
abbreviating, contracting. Placing the hand upon 
the waist. Laying hold of the waist. Taking (a 
switch) in the hand. Reading a verse or two at 
the close of a chapter. Cutting off any exuberance, 
docking. Taking the nearest road. Cutting up 
by the roots. An abridgement. ,\.«ajo>-^b bi'l 
ikhtisar, In short, briefly, p ^^dj LgLiiA ikhti- 
mr hardan,To cutshort(astory), to sum up briefly. 
A (^^sLoJki^l ikhtisds, (v. n. 8 of u^"*-) Distin- 
i^-^uishing. Being peculiar, particular, special. 
Being distinguished. Appropriation. 

A I — JLoSi-l ikktisdf, (v. n. 8 of (__a<as») Sew- 
ing, stitching one sole, fold, or layer upon another. 
Covering the body with leaves. 

A j»LaIa:l ihhtisam, (v. n. 8 of *-ifli-) Disput- 
ing, litigating, being at variance. Eating away 
the scabbard ( a sharp sword). Enmity, alterca- 
tion, dispute. 

A i—jLiji-l ikhiizdh, (v. n. 8 of u-»-^) Ting- 
ing the nails or the hair with cypress. Colouring 
or dyeing one's self. 

A iSLaIal.\ ikhtizdd, (v. n. 8 of S^ai-) Putting a 
halter on a camel and mounting him. 

AjLiji-l ikhtizdr, (v. n. 8 of -loi) Mowing, 
reaping, cutting down any thing green. Being 
cut or broken off. Dying in the flower of youth. 
Taking up and carrying a load. Deflowering an 
immature virgin. 

A cliii^^ ihhtiza^(Y.n. 8 of J*<i»-) Humbling 
tne's self. Passing quickly by. Inclining to set 
■I star). Following the female (a stallion). Self- 

A J-iii-l ikhtizdm, (v. n. 8 of *<a»-) Cutting. 
Infesting a road. 

A f'^eCsA ikhtitas, (v. n. 8 of Uai- for yiasi.) 
Stepping. Over-stepping, passing beyond. Pass- 
ing quickly and at once. 

A L-jUa:^;-! ikhtitab, (v. n. 8 of i_J^o>) Be- 
trothing a wife. Inducing any one to marry. Ac- 

( 39 ) 

cepting proposals of marriage. 

A 1j\ i->:;^ \ ihhtitat, (v. n. 8 of lai-) Laying out 
in right lines (the streets of a city). Beginning to 
have a beard. Taking possession (ofland) for one's 
self. Having lines (the face). 

A <_jlk::^l ikhtitaf, (v. n. 8 of v_ilai) Seizing, 
carrying off by force, patching, snatching rapidly. 
Leaving (as a fever). '^''•^eCsA ikhtitaf an, Forcibly. 
A AaJA ikhtifas, (v. n. 8 of Jui-) Withdraw- 
ing, hiding, concealing one's self. Lying hid. 
Drawing forth, causing to come out. Committing 
murder without being detected, p tdji, S>iji\scp'\ 
Jj*ii ikhtifd-hardan pardaA zuhul. Lurking be- 
hind the veil of oblivion, i.e. indolent, lazy, obscure. 
A {^\s::o'\ikhtifdz,(y.n.Qoi i,jaAs>-) Circum- 
cising herself (a girl). Being lowered ; sinking. 
A jU:^! ikhtifdh, (v. n. 8 of ,ja»-) Floating, 
quivering (the vapour called mirage). 

P_jAJ ^\ akh tufu, Hawking and spitting. 
A ^ihi-i ikhtildi, (v. n. 8 of ,_^) Retiring with 
another to a solitary place. Penetrating and cut- 
ting (a sword). Cutting, mowing. Pulling up. 
A c->:^\ ikhtilab, (v. n. 8 of (--*\i^) Cheat- 
ing, cajoling. 

A ^y:^\ ikhtildj, (v. n. 8 of JaL) Dragging 
away. Being forcibly separated, being weaned. 
Trembling. Beating, throbbing (the eye or limbs). 
.4 (^ju^IJo;.! ikhtilds, (v. n. 8 of (jJi*-) Seizing, 
snatching, carrying off. L*il^l ikhtildsan, 
Hastily, violently, forcibly. 

A 1»2^1 ikhtildt, (v. n. 8 of lal^i) Being mixed. 
Losing one's wits. Growing fat (a camel). Break- 
ing down in running (a horse). Mixture, confu- 
sion, perplexity. Insanity. Intercourse, conver- 
sation, commerce, association, friendship. 

A cil:ji-l ikhtildj (v. n. 8 of «lai) Being di- 
vorced. Sueing for, and taking a divorce. Rob- 
bing, plundering. 

A (_Jibi-\ ikhtildf, (v. n. 8 of (_flii) Becom- 
ing a substitute. Disagreeing, differing. Watch- 
ing (any one) away from (his house, and then 
visiting his wife). Going to and fro. Suffering 
from a diarrhoea. Disagreement, diversity of opi- 
nion. Vicissitude, p ^^li^ >^'^l»-\ ikhtildf har- 
dan, To contradict. To disagree. 

A Ow^JJkiil ikhtildf dt, (pi.) Dissensions. 
A j^ll»-l ikhtildk, (v. n. 8 of ^^i*) Inventing 
a lie. Adopting foreign habits. Being fragrant. 
A Ji>Jko;.\ ihhtildl, (v. n. 8 of 3'*») Being lean, 
emaciated. Standing in need. Sewing, stitching. 
Piercing through with a spear, spitting. Being 
confined to the sweet herbage «la- khullat (camels). 
Turning sour, becoming vinegar. Making vinegar. 
jl»- J>i»-\ ikhtilSli hdl, A state of confusion ; 
disorder, tumult. ^\yc J^Ui-l ikhtildli mizdj, An 
alteration of health or constitution (for the worse, 
illness, indisposition). 


A j»yi>-i ikhtildm, (v. n. 8 of Jl*-) Choosing. 
Ajl<;i\ ikhtimdr, (v. n. 8 of^i") Putting on a 
veil or coif called jl?" hkimdr. Fermenting, rising 
(as wine or dough). Lying hid. 

A J\*aL\ ihhtimdl, (v. n. 8 of J.^) Grazmg low- 
lying grounds rich in vegetation. 

A j»l^l ikhtimdm, (v. n. 8 of !>-) Sweeping a 
house. Cleaning out a well. Cutting. 

P (J^e- 1 dhhtan, To draw out, to unsheath (a 
sword). To castrate, geld. To hang, suspend. To 
lead, bring. To go forth. To overtake, reach. To 
play. To accustom. To weave, knit. To fear. 
A tijUJks!-! ikhtinds, (v. n. 8 of i.l*i»-) Bending 
outwards the brim of a leathern bottle, so as to be 
able to drink. 

A j^.i^l ikhtimk, (v. n. 8 of /j^) Being 
strangled, choked, throttled. Strangulation. 

A Aj^\ ihhtiwds, (v. n. 8 oi^jyi.) Cutting off a 
part. Piercing (a horse) between the fore and hind- 
legs. Losing one's wits. Taking all one's property. 
Cariying off, devouring (a wild beast a calf), 
p aXs- 1 dhkta. Drawn. Castrated. A gelding, 
p sjJA akkta, Castrated. A gelding. 
A ,_^u>-i ukhtiy, Sisterly, belonging to a sister. 
A CjLXi-\ ikhtiydt, (v. n. 8 of OU- for O^) 
Pouncing on his prey (a falcon). Seizing and car- 
rying off (a sheep). Receiving (a tradition) and 
committing (it) to memory. Travelling by night. 
AjLju»-\ ikhtiydr, (v. n. 8 of,U- iorjji.) Choos- 
ing, preferring, selecting, picking out. Election, 
choice. Option. Self-controul. p ^jiJjS ,ljii^ 
ikhtiydr kardan, To make choice, choose, will. 
T juxai.\ ikhtiydr, A man in years. 
A Ijl^jia^^ «/j/«<i'?/aran,Voluntarily,spontaneously. 
^ i^J. J. Jk A ^ ihhtiydrl. Choice, approbation, 
power, authority. In one's own power, or disposal. 
T sSX^jJA ikhtiydriya. Old men. 
A ^jo{^M ikhtiydz, (v. u. 8 of ^ja\i- for ^jiyL) 
Entering or fording (a river). 

A i5Ujk*-\ ikhtiydt, (v. n. 8 of l»l». for laJk*-) 
Passing quickly and at once (like a needle). 

A I »l-i»-\ ihhtiydf, (v. n. 8 of; JU- for '_a'-^ ) 

Visiting the temple i— ft**- khayf on Mount Mina. 
A JLLil ikhtiydl, (v. n. 8 of Jli. for Ja*>) 
Strutting, walking with dignity : pride, pomp. 

A yUL>:.l ikhtiydn, (v. n. 8 of ^^U- for /oj*-) Be- 
traying. Deceit, perfidy. 

A f\jJA akhsdr, (pi. of ji»- kkisy) Ox-dungs. 
Elephant-dungs. Ikhsdf, (v. n. 4 of ^».) Setting 
fire to ox-dung. Selling ox-dung. 

Ajlxft.| ikksdr, (v. n. 4 of jti) Leaving butter 
to condense. Allowing milk to thicken. 

A ^jA^akhsam, Flat-nosed; broad-nosed,round- 
nosed, insensible of smell (as a lion). A broad- 
sword. A lion. 

* ^a_k_L^\ akhsikas, A town in Turkistan. 

A (_ 

A fi\jf'^ ihhjas, (v. n. 4 ofW") Teasing, impor- 


tuning, (v. n. 4 of ,J^) Copulating much. 

A JV*" ihhjal, (v.'n. 4 of Jj^) Confounding, 
puttingtoshame.Beinglongandluxuriant (plants). 


akhjasta, The threshold of a door. 

A jB^'aA/ya', A woman who makes much wa 
ter,who8e womb lies very deep. One whose toes 
tuni in and whose heels turn out. 

p «^' akhcha, Gold. Silver. A die for coin- 
ing. A copper-seal. 

A A,^\ ihhdaj, ( v. n. 4 of j^iXi ) Walking softly. 

A J\.i^i^ikhdaj,{y.nAoi-,^) Bringingforth 
an irajMirfect colt. Being without rain (the summer). 
Performing incompletely one's devotions. Failing 
to emit fire (a fire-steel). 

A j^Jii-^ akhdar, (pi. of .(Jji khidr) Curtains. 
Ihhdar, (v. n. 4 of jii»-) Being overcast with clouds 
or rain. Sitting behind the veil or curtain (as wo- 
men do in the East, concealed from the view of men). 
Entering on a rainy, foggy, or windy day . Remain 
ing fixed in a thicket (a lion). Concealing a lion 
(a thicket or brake). Abiding in a place. Be- 
numbing, deadening. 

A t^ii>-\ ihhdaf, (v. n. 4 of eJ>>) Concealing, 
laying by. Binding, tying fast. Stirring up to the 
practice of deception. 

A J\i\b;.\ akhdal, (pi. of «Ji^»- khadlat and khid- 
lat) Plump in the arms and legs (women). 

A Jiiii>-\ ikhdam, (v. n.4of |»ii*i.) Givingasei'- 
vant. Seeking a servant, taken one into service. 

A (j^J*-^ akhdan, (pi. of (o>^ khidn) Friends. 
Lovers. Beloved objects. 

A L->J«.\ akkdab, A tall, slim fellow. Hasty, 
precipitate. A fool, an idiot. Self-opiniated. 

A lli-S akkiddat, (pi. oC^kkadd) Furrows. 

PjiJ*-^ akkdar, A whole brother or sister. 

AjiXs-^ akkdar, Dark (night). Name of a cer- 
tain celebrated stallion. 

A l^jSti^ akkdariy, A wild ass. 

A «5^,\aL^) al akkdariyat, Stock descended 
from a famous sire named jiV»-\ akkdar. 

A ei\»-) aft Arfas, More or most fallacious, crafty, 
artful, wily, cunning. vl*.a)^ ^J» cJi-^ akkdas 
mini'z zahh, More sly than a lizard, (pi. ciiU-1 
akkadi^ A vein in the neck to which the cupping- 
glass is applied. 

A |.j*.) akkdam, (A horse or sheep) having the 
lower part of the hind-legs of a whitish colour (if on 
one foot only he is called jj»-j\ arjal). 

A i>j Ji.\ ukkdud, (pi. i)Ji>U.\ akkadid) An ob- 
long fissure in the ground, a furrow. (A blow) 
cutting the skin, a stripe, a lash. A cleft. 

AjjJji.^ w/t/irfiir, A curtain behind which a wo- 
man sits. 

A ii- 1 akkiz, A taker, receiver, seizer or appre- 
hender. (A camel) beginning to become fat ; also 
to breed teeth. (Milk) beginning to turn sour. 

A iaJ akhaza, (fut. jaib yatkkuzu) He took. 

( 40 ) 

A j*-^ akkz, (v. n. of i*.\) Taking, seizing, ap- 
prehending, procuring. Intercepting. Assailing, 
taking prisoner. Clipping, trimming, paring. Be- 
ginning. A manoeuvre or mode of seizing (in wres- 
tling). Way of life, manner, disposition, habit. Pu- 
nishment, retribution. Rigidity (when the body 
from any cause becomes stiff, and is thereby de- 
prived of motion). (•laUJ\ j^l akkzi ««<jAam,Taking 
vengeance. 'j>- j j*-\ akkz ujarr, Taking and 
seizing; fraudulent dealing, i^j^ j *>»■' Miz u 
kahz, A receipt. Jji-^\ My^ nujumu'l akkz, The 
mansions of the moon. P j^iip ^^ «/'^^ kardan. 
To take, receive. To examine, a JJ, (^ Cii*-! 
y^ akkaztu fola' yadifulanin, I withheld him 
from what he wished to do. ^i.»-\ li^i (j< vian 
ahkaza akkzukum OT akkzakum,OT jJb'^S-\ ii^\ ^ji* 
man akkazaku akkzukum, Whoever adopted their 
mode of life. Ikkz, A cautery applied to a camel's 
side to prevent a threatened distemper. Custom, 
mode of living. Akkaz, (v. n. of ^xi.\) (A camel's 
colt) having the stomach oppressed by too great a 
quantity of milk, or from its acid quality. Fury, 
phrenzy of a male camel. Opthalmia. Ukkuz, 
Opthalmia. (pi. of iW) Pools, stagnant waters. 

a ^li*.\ ikkzas, (v. n. 4 of lii*-) Humbling, 
making tractable. 

a J\i*-1 ikkzal, (v. n. 4 of Ji>-) Staying with 
heryoung (adoe). Finding the mother disposed to 
stay with him (the young of a wild beast). 

a j»'o^i ikkzam, (v. n. 4 of *i^) Confessing, 
acknowledging with submission. Being still and 
quiet. Making drunk (liquor). 

a ii^ft-l akkizat, Rigidity, stiffness : a disease 
occasioning a stiffness in the joints. 

a 'i^jti^ukkzat, A philtre, fascination, any thing 
by which the Arabian women seek to keep the men 
faithful to them. An amulet, charm. .U!\ J jji\ 
ukkzatu'n ndr, A little while after sun-set, when 
candles are lighted. (_i*«»l iSaA ukhzatu asajin, 
A doleful seizure. 

Vji- 1 dkkar, A bason, bathing-tub. Yes, surely. 
For example. Akkur, A stall for horses. The col- 
lar-bone. Name of a city in Dahistan. t-->j» j»-T 
ukkuri ckarh, (A fat stall) Plenty, abundance. 
tjp\XUttj»-l akkuri sarujin, (An empty, or rather, 
stony cratch) An unprofitable situation. 

Aji-\ akkar, (pi. ijjj)'! ahkaruna, and .:^1 
■kr) Another, different, second. X>djs^ akkar 
diyar, Another, or a foreign country. j^'\ ^^•,.,.„ 
samti akkar. Another way, otherwise, p j»-T Ji« 
jjJ-I» shakli akkar skudan,To be altered. Akkir 
(pl._^lj\ awakkir) Last, posterior, ultimate, final. 
A name of God. Absent. The end, issue, extre- 
mity. The hinder part of a saddle. Finally, at 
last,aftenvards. ^'^\^'\dkhiru'lamr,At length, 
finally, yl/^jo^l akkinzamdn, The end of time, 
the last day. (joj^jij (jIlJ\ ataytuka akkira 

marratayni, I came to thee a second time. JjJ^ 
JA J awrval u dkkir,ViTst and last, p t-A2»^T 
dkkiri skab,The latterpart of the nighty ^^>^yi.\ 
dkhir skudan, To be finished, j^ j^j "^''"''* ''«'") 
A catastrophe. At length, j^ii/^ ' akkir kar- 
dan. To finish. 

Aj^\akhir, End, extremity. Rejected, removed 
from good. Ukkar, (pi. of ^jf-\ ukkra', fem.) 
Others, different. Ukkur, The latter or hinder 
part. \j>-\ eSiui sliakkaku ukkuran, {orj>-\ ^j* 
min uk^hurhi) He tore it behind, or from behind. 

A \fA dkkiran, (or \^\ ukkuran) Finally. 

A L-j];*-^ akkrdb, (pi. of i-^^ kkarab) Male 
bustards. The hairs on the flank of a hoi-se, or on 
the crown of the head. (pi. of ibj(»- kkurbat) Wal- 
let-handles. Ikkrdb, (v. n. 4 of ^j>-) Laying 
waste, depopulating, razing, demolishing. 

A l\jP'\ ukkrdt, (fem.) (pl-j*-^ uhkar) Other. 

A CJ'Syi^ akkrdt, (pi. of t—*^ kkurt) Buttons, 
buckles, or clasps, for fastening breast-harness. 

A r\f^ akhrdj, (pi. of »^j»- kkarj) Tributes, 
revenues, produces. Ikkrdj, (v. n. 4 of w^j*-) Pro- 
ducing, drawing forth, bringing out. Expelling. 
Expending. Paying tribute. Experiencing a year 
partly fruitful and partly barren. Grazing one part 
of a field and leaving the other part untouched. 
Being variegated with black and white (a ram or 
ostrich). Hunting black and white ostriches. 
Marrying a mulatto, p i^^S ^'t*"^ ikkrdj kar- 
dan, To expel, banish. To bring out. 

A Olft-ue-l ikhrdjdt, (pi. of jrlr*'^) Expenses. 

A i>\ja-\ ikkrdd, (v.n. 4 of ii|>-) Blushing. In- 
clining to play. Keeping silence from baseness, 
not from modesty. 

Aj\^\ ikkrdr, (v. n. 4 of j*-) Causing to fall, 
throwing down. Cutting off the hand, causing it 
to fall off. 

A (jrt^^ ikkrds (v. n. 4 of c_>«*;».) Making 
dumb. Not allowing the anklet called Jlaff* 
kkalkkdl to ring (a fat, fleshy leg). 

A {^\j>-\ akkrds, (pi. of [^j»- kkuras, khurui, 
and kkurs) Sticks with which honey is gathered. 

A )o\jaS ikhrdt, (v. n. 4 of )oja-) Suffering un- 
der the complaint called )oji- kkarat (a camel). 
Closing a wallet, drawing the strings of a purse. 

A ^\f'\ ikkrdf, (v. n. 4 of s-J^) Yeaning, 
foaling in autumn (a sheep or camel). Entering 
upon the autumn. Making a dotard. Corrupt- 
ing, spoiling, damaging. Growing very tall (mil- 
let). Having fruit fit for gathering (a palm-tree). 
Granting one leave to gather dates. Bringing forth 
at the same season she conceived (a camel). 

A j\ja:.\ akkrdk, (pi. of JJ>- khirk) Very libe-, 
ral. Handsome youths of generous dispositions. 
Ikkrdk, (v. n. 4 of Jji-) Astonishing, confound- 
ing, discouraging, deterring. 

"^ ^j^"^ akkrab. More or most ruinous. Bor- 

ed in the ear. A hole in the ear. Verse in which the 
measure ^yjsXsu mafd^l becomes Jy«i« mafful. 

A «JjJ>-^ akkribat, (pi. of L-^]^ kharab) Ruins. 

P i^X?._^ I cikhir-btn, Far-sighted ; prudent. 

A ijB' I akhirat, Posterior, last. The extremity. 
The hinder part of a saddle. Life eternal ; the 
other world. 5^1 akhirat, is always opposed by 
the Arabians to lj.i dunya', which signifies, The 
world, or the present life ; synonymous to which 
the Persians make use also of (^U»- f^\ injahan, 
This world, and (j^-{*- (jl anjahan, That world; 
and likewise figuratively )_ .v*-"^ ^6l>. hhanasi 
irmkab, The lodging of to-night, and \iiji «Jli»- 
khanaAfarda, The habitation of to-morrow. »i>- 1 
(jj»Jl akhiratu'l tat/n, The outer angle of the eye. 

{^jo ij»- 1 i^iJjLol ataytuka akkirata mm-ratayni, 

I came to thee a second time. 8j>-^\ «J4\ al mil- 

latu' I akhirat, The last dispensation, Christianity. 

A ijoA akharatan, ukharatan, »r*-b bi akha- 

ratin or hiukharatin, In fine, at length. lJ>-\ As>- 

joM akharatan, He came at last. 'ij>-\> cb ba^a hi 

dkhiratin. He sold upon futurity, i. e. on credit. 
****** t 
A lJ>-\ akhii-rat, (pi. oi j>J>- kharir) Beaten 

tracks between two hills. 

A *-/>-l akhraj. Variegated with black and 
white (ram or ostrich). (A mountain) covered 
■with black and white sand or stones. A kind of 
bird called >\C« mukkas. 

A ^\a-j>-\ ihhrijaj, (v. n. 9 of --.j«i.) Being va- 
riegated with black and white (an ostrich or ram). 

A h'-J'-S akhrajat, A well at the foot of a moun- 
tain. Akhrijat, (pi. of -.^ kharaj) Revenues. 

P Q i o i^jj- 1 akhar-dast, The occupant of the 
lowest seat. The last throw of the dice. The end 
of an affair. A shoe-maker. 

A {.^j^-^ akhras, (pi. i^jttf' khurs and ^J^*>^ 
khursaii) Dumb. (A moimtain or road-side co- 
lumn) having no echo. Silent (army). Thick 
(milk) the sound not being heard (when the vessel 
which contains it is shaken). 

p j^U» j>-\ akhur-salar. Master of the horse. 

A p ijr>j^\ dkhirank, At last, finally, after all. 

A «ip-\ akhrifat, (pi. of (_->).&. khariif) Lambs. 

A jj*-\ akhrak, (pi. "mjs- khurk) Dull, un- 
Bkilful. A camel, the sole of whose foot touches 
the ground before the hoof. 

V (.i)jj.| aMttraA, A small stable. Collar-bone. 

A Mj»-\ akhram, Pierced in the ear, nose, &c. 
Verse of the measure {J^yi fafulun reduced to 
trJ*' fy^'^'i^t f*"'! ;jO*^ mvfufalaiun to (jjiiS'VJ. 

A (jW*-^ akhramani, Two bones at the end of 
the upper jaw. Two bones in the shoulders. 

A (_jmISja.i ikhrimmas, (v. n. 4 of {j-''j>- Q not 
used) Being humble, submissive. 

A ^^J}j»-\ ikhrimbak, (v. n. 3 of ^j>j>- Q) 
Skulking, creeping along with mischievous intent. 

A A^iaijiAikhrintdm, (v. n. 3 of J»;»- Q) Toss- 

( 41 ) 

ing the nose, being proud. Being angry. 

A ^\J6js-\ ihhrinfdk, (v. n. 3 of /^j^ Q) 
Skulking. Cleaving to the ground. 

A (_>uW^i ikhrinmds, (or (^l*j»-\) Silence. 

A io\'^j>-\ ikhriivwat, (v. n. 13 of ^J>-) Being 
long and tedious (a journey). Being long (the 
beard). Holding fast the foot of a bird (a springe). 
Travelling quickly. 

p {^jj>^ akhrosh, A clamour, noise. 

H ^j;*! akhrut, A walnut. 

A i^jjo- 1 dkharun, (pi. of j»-T dkhar) Others. 
Posterity. Those of modern times. 

A Cfjy*-^ ukhraiviy, Relating to the other world. 

A ^ji^\ ukhra', (or Sjti.] uhhra) (fem. of j»-l 
dkhar') (pi. Obj»-\ ukhraydt) Another, the last. 
Life eternal, the other world. m^\ ijjA ukhra'l 
kawm, The last, the hindmost of the people. jj 
(jy3\ {J^^ fi ukhra'l laydli, (or i^y^\ l?;*-^ 
ukhra'l manun) Ever, at any time. 

A b ,aL^ ikhrlyan, ukhriyan, ihhiriyan or ijja-T 
dkhiriyan, At length, in the end. 

A Cj\>ji-\ ukhraydt, (pi. of ijj^ ukhra') The 
last parts. j,^\>jJA j f\»- jdsafx ukhrayd- 
tihim. He came amongst the last of them. 

P (j^j^l dkhriydn, (or lo^t*^ akhriydn) 
Household furniture, goods and chattels, wearing 
apparel. Akhiriydn, The moderns. 

T p (jy.j»-i akhriydn, An ignorant, stupid oaf. 

A —\^ja,\ ikhrydj, (v. n. 11 of ^j»-) Being of 
a mixed white and black (an ostrich or ram). 

A ^]j>.j^\ ikhrirdk, The being much torn. 

A k^^l ikhrit. Wild leek. 

A (^.j>-\ dkhirin, (oblique pi. of jT^I dkhir) 
Last, latest comers ; posterity. >— V*" U^-^^ 
dkhirin harf. Decree of fate. Termination of an 
affair. ^\j j^j*» I dkhirin rdii, Muhammad. 

A ^\ji-l ikhzdf, (v. n. 4 of <_?)*■) Exposing to 
shame or infamy. 

A (j])ei,l ikhzdn, (v. n. 4 of jo}*-) From being 
poor, becoming rich. Hoardipg, treasuring up. 

A Jj*- 1 akhizzat, (pi. of J V»- khuzaz) Male hares. 

A jjiil akhzar, Small, twinkling-eyed, purblind. 

A u?]}*'^ akhzariy, A turban made of silk 
pulled to pieces and re- woven : a shoddy turban. 

A (U»-^ akhzal. Broken-backed. A camel that 
has entirely lost his bunch. 

A tt\>-\ akhzam, A male serpent. Name of the 
grandfather of Hatim Tayy. Short-froenumed. 

A -*\)J*-^ ikhzimdt, (v. n. 9 of i^j*-) Falling 
into misfortune, ignominy and contempt. 

A (j\>-\ akhza' , More or most ignominious. 

A (Jli-l akhass, More or most base, avaricious. 

A ^L*j>.) ikhsds, (v. n. 4 oiytiO' not used) Play- 
ing at odd and even with nuts. 

A jU»*-^ ikhsdr, (v. n. 4 of »*^) Diminishing. 
Causing loss. Suffering loss. Damage, loss. 

A ^_jjL«»-1 ihhsds, (v. n. 4 of (Jl»-) Acting 

basely. Discovering one to be vile and contemptible. 
Diminishing, making small. 

A I JL.-i-\ iklisdf, (v. n. 4 of(— Qm..*-) Digging 

and finding a well overflowing with water. Being 
put out (the eye). 

A ^^l~<>-^ iklisdn, (v. n. 4 of ^j;—^ not used) 
Being depressed after being exalted. 

fc 1 dkhasta. The lower lintel, threshold. 

hj>t^\ akhsar, A sufferer of loss or injury. 

A 'iJUji>-\aklisifat,(p\.ofL^y.^khasiif)Well3 
dug in rocks. 

p « «... > • I dkhsuma, dkhsama, (or et»-MJ>-^ akh- 
suma) A liquor made from barley, rice, or millet. 

A j»j*mj>-1 ukhsum, The ear of a big coni-sack. 

p ^_5>-»-^ akhsi. Name of a town in Transoxania. 

P ijiJu«Ju»>-\ akhsisak, (or d*V>.,.ri-\ akhsikai) 
Name of a city in Turkistan. 

p (jS*-l dksh, Name of a certain Persian Mu- 
bid. Akhash, (or (jij>-\ akhsh) Price, worth, va- 
lue, /^li^'^ tj~*"t dkhash dddan, To give a price. 

A i_->lwi-\ akhshdb, (pi. of i_>^ »i -) Timbers. 

A (^Li^\ ikJishash, (v. n. 4 of /^i-) Passing 
a wooden ring through (a camel's) nose. 

A |»Li*-\ ikhshdm, (v. n. 4 of ^ii-) Stinking. 

A ejw«i.\ aA/w/ia&j Wooden. Wooden-fronted, 
impudent. Harsh, hard, thick. Coarse (fare). 
Rough, rugged. Rugged (mountain). 

A (jlx2j»-^\ al akhshabdiii, Name of two moun- 
tains near Mecca, and of two at Mina. 

A lPv'*-\ akhshaf, (pi. t_Q *,<>• khushf) One 
who walks badly by reason of the mange. 

A fJLpA akhsham, Defective in the sense of 
smellinn;. Wide-nosed. 

p ts-^^^ I dkhshuma. Barley or rice-water. 

A {^^-i^^ akhshan, Rugged, extremely rough. 
Rougher. Contemptible, blameable. A mountain. 
In evil case, in a bad plight, ^^li* ^^j^^^ akh- 
shanu'l jdnib, Rough and unpolished in manners. 

p ^JL*-T dkkshanj. Adverse, contrary. 

p 5iX*.i.i-\ akhshanda, A child's rattle. 

A ,<i^^ akhsha', Very fearfid (place). 

p ^J^ I dhhshij,(oT aJLb>-\) Opposite,contrary. 

p i^^i^ ' dkhshijdn, (or i^\^^ akhsh'ijdn) 
(pi. of ^Jlji- 1 dhhshij or ^j-i"*-^ ahhshij) The (four) 
opposites, i. e. the elements. 

A (_jlljuLi\ ikhshtshab, (v. n. 12 of (_-wli-) 
Being thick, hard, and raw-boned. Putting up 
with hardships, accustoming one's self to rough it. 

A .^ .".i .*..L\ ikhshishdn, (v. n. 12 ot^j^^) Being 
extremely rough. Being clad in coarse raiment. 
Faring coarsely. Talking roughly. 

p tiixi^l akhshik. Opposite, contrary. 

p ijJjJLtiA dkhshlg. Opposite, contrary. 

p f^XjJ^ 1 dkhshigdn. The elements. 

A {^jas>\ akhass, More or most peculiar, special, 
particular. (Jl^^y^ ij^»'\ akhassu'l kharvdss, 
Most excellent of nobles. 

A (_jUa»-^ akhmh, A kind of garment. Fruit- 
ful (countrj-). (pi. of t_A.a»-/'/i ««<'') Sides. White 
mountain snakes. Jhltsab, (v. n. 4 of i _ ■-^■^^ 
Abounding in produce (a place), being fruitful. 
Going to such a place. Fattening. Flowing(8ap). 

A {^\^ati.\ ahlijsas, (pi. ot'i^Jai- kltiiss) Houses 
of reeds. Taverns, Ikluds, (v. n. 4 of iJa>-) De- 
spising. Re])roaching. Negligence, carelessness. 

A i_>>V<a»-\ ikhsaf, (r. n. 4 of t_ANa»') Running 
swiftly. Covering (the body) with leaves. 

A JL«aL\ ikfisal, (v. n. 4 of J-a>.) Striking the 
mark, or shooting an arrow to full by the side of it. 

A (•Loi-l aklisam, (pi. of ^.^o*. khtistn) Cornere 
of wallets or portmanteaus. Those parts of the eye 
which are covered by the edges of the eye-lids. 

A ^QoVl akluaf, Variegated, party-coloured, 
black and white (cattle). Ash-coloured. 

A ^J'aa'\ akhsun, (pi. of (^jyai-) Small axes. 

A ^yo»'\ uhhsum, The ear of a big com-sack. 

A L— >'.<a»-) »/t/(.;a6,(v.n.4of (_.Ma».) Budding. 

A — Uai»^ t°/tA.ra/, (v.n. 4of^aaL) Breaking up. 

A i>Ua>-\ ikhzad, (v. n. 4 of li-oi-) Pulling the 
traveller's wallet in playfixlness (a horse's colt). 

A jLflii-^ ikhiar, (v. n. 4 ofj<a»-) Making green. 

A e,La».\ ihkra^ (v. n. 4 of ^^a»>) Humbling, 
rendering submissive (poverty or necessity). Caus- 
ing to stoop (age). Speaking politely, amorously. 

A (jUa>'\ ilihzal, (v.n. 4 of (J-ioi) Moistening. 

A Oy^i>-\ alihzad, Bent double. 

Aj-iil ahhzar, Green. Dusky brown. Black, 
j-a*-^!^;*; bahru'l akhzar. The green sea : under 
this name the Arabians comprehend all that ocean 
which extends from the coasts of Arabia and Ethi- 
opia to India, and even to China. -a»-^\ ^:A-^ 
k/iultju'l akhzar,The Persian gulf, -ai-) ^_>rtjll> 
ioftu akhzar, The peacock of paradise. 

A jlj<a»\ ikhzirar, ( v. n. 9 of-i>-) Be ing green. 
Assuming a green or livid hue. Being dark (the 
night). Being cut or broken off. 

A ^^a^ akltza^, One who hangs his bead na- 
turally. Buck-necked (horse or ostrich). Hum- 
ble, submissive, contented in a lowly station. 

A i^.A>a»-\ ahhzaf, A serpent. 

A JiLoi-^ ikhzUal, (v. n. 9 of J-ai-) Being 
moist. Being dark (the night). 

A (_->Lij.a».l ikhzizab, Extreme greenness. 
A jUixiii.^ ikhzizar, Extreme greenness. 

A ^Uajua».\ ikhzlza^ Excessive humility. 

A jl wi t.a f» \ ikfuizal, Exceeding moistncss. 
A JiL<ii.\ ikhzmi, (v. n. 11 of J-a».) Being 
full of branches and leaves. Being very moist. 

A >\lai.\ ikhtas, (v. n. 4 of ,^^) Erring, sin- 
ning involuntarily, committing a blunder, making 
a mistake. Missing. Imputing sin. (v. n. 4 of 
Ua»- forya»-) Causing to step. 

A L->llai. \ ahhtah, Betrothed (men and women). 
Ikhtab, (t. n. 4 of (.-.lai-) Coming within reach of 

( 42 ) 

thehunter(game). Ripening(grapes, gourds, &c.). 
Being streaked with green (a gourd). 

Aj^aoA akhtar, (pi. of jiai- hhitr) Herds of 
camels, from 40 to 1000. Ikhtar, (v. n. 4 of jJai- ) 
Causing a thing to recur to the mind after having 
been forgotten. Recalling to mind. Exposing to 
danger. Staking one's property. Risking one's 
life in an engagement. Being equal in rank. Rais- 
ing to rank and dignity. 

A i>\ia»-l ahhtat, (pi. of la»- hhatt) Lines. Ikh- 
tat, (v. n. 4 of iai-) Having lines (the face). Be- 
ginning to have a beard (a youth). Taking pos- 
session of a place, marking it out, becoming the 
first occupant. Marking with lines or stripes. 

A ( i^^asA ikhtaf, (v. n. 4 of r_oViV) Missing 

the mark. Being folded. Lankness of belly. 
A Jlla»-\ ihhtal, Obscenity in conversation. 
A t_«ia»-\ ahhtah, A green magpye. A species 
of hawk or bird of prey which hunts sparrows. Any 
thing in which the russet-bro^^■n colour prevails. 
An ass marked with a black stripe along the back. 
One who repeats best the prayer called sj>la»- hhuiba. 
A colocynth marked with gi-een stripes. 
A ^^Uiai-l ahhtaban, A kind of bird. 

A I h\i'- >-\ ahhtaf, Lank-bellied. 

A ^_pa»-l akhtal. Flap-eared. Foolishly talka- 
tive. Name of several poets. (Jii=>-^\ _jj1 a&S'/ 
akhtal, (Father Flap-ear) A horse. A mule. 
Aj»lai-\ akhtam, Long-nosed. Black. 
A laLlai-l ikhtiyat, (for -^llajkj»-l ihhtitas) (v. n. 
8 of liai- for jJa*-) Stepping. 

A -^Uai-l ikhzas, (v. n. 4 of Uaj>- for^lai- ) Making 
stout, bulky, and fleshy, (v. n. 4 of ,_^ai- ) Becom- 
ing or making fat. 

A iJlai-l ahhaff, Lighter, lightest. 
A *Ui.\ ikhfas, (v. n. 4 of ^J^) Concealing, 
hiding, suppressmg. Manifesting. \stJ>-\ ^ ^ilmi 
ihhfa. The art of rendering one's self invisible. 
A f\aJ>'\akhiffas, (pl.ofi_0.iV khafif) Light. 
A Olai-\ ikhfat, (v. n. 4 of Qfl.^) Bringing 
forth to the very day (a camel). 

A lilii- \ ikhfad, ( v. n. 4 of jii- ) Appearing preg- 
nant (a camel). Bringing forth an imperfect colt. 
Aj\ai-\ ihhfar, (v. n. 4 of^ ) Failing to afford 
protection, betraying. Breaking an engagement. 
Giving one a protector or guide. 

A ;_)j\ii-V/W(/'as,(v.n.4of^j.ii.-) Talking in- 
decently. Inebriating very soon (wine). Putting 
much or little water into wine. 

A j_^Ui.) ikhfaz, (v. n. 4 of u^ai-) Circum- 
cising a girl. 

A ^lfli-\ ihhfR^ (v. n. 4 of ^) Prostrating 
any one (hunger). 

A ^lii-^a/Jj/-a/;(pl.of^jai^/i/(?<^-)The hoofs 
of a camel, feet of an ostrich. Quadrupeds which 
part not the hoof. (pi. of i_i.^ Miafif) Light. 
Ikhfaf, (v. n. 4 of ^Jii- ) Loading lightly. Having 

light, nimble horses. Being in easy circumstances. 
Causing one to lay aside his gravity. 

A JIas-^ ihhfah, (v. n. 4 of Jjii-) Dozing, 

nodding. Setting (a star). Flapping the wings (a 

bird). Returning without spoil (a warrior or 

hunter). Seeking and not obtaining. Being gaily 

dressed, or clad in shining apparel. Prostrating. 

A J^\ akhfaj, (A camel) trembling in the 

limbs. One whose feet are distorted. Bow-legged. 

A (jiii>-\ akhfash, One who has small weak 

eyes, seeing better at night than in the day-time. 

A camel whose bunch is small in front, compact, 

and not elongated. Name of three gi'ammarians. 

A (_>aai- \ akhfaz, Most depressed, lower, lowest. 

A iJ^^ ahhfa'. More or most concealed. 

A »-ai-\ ahhfiyat, (pi. of -*lii- hhifds) Veils, 

coverings. ^J^^ *s^^ ahhjiyatu'l kara', The 

coverings of sleep, i.e. the eyes. ji^S "i^fP^^ akhji- 

yatu'n nawr, The follicles or pods which contain 

the young leaves of flowers. 

A j^^^ akhhak, (pi. of ^ khakk) Fissures, 
furrows. Ikh.hak, (v. n. 4 of Jji-) Becoming wide 
(hole of a pulley or notch wherein a pin revolves). 
A ^^fis'\uhhhuh, (or /La^Vihhhik) (pi. Jji^^^ 
akhahik) A fissure in the ground in which one 
may hide himself. 

PjO>J>-^a/</(Z(a/-,Afire-brand,burning coal: ashes, 
p iXii^l akhhakand, (jjJbii>-\ ahhkaland, or 
j6Ji^\ akhkalandu) A child's rattle. 
P (J»^^ akhhul, Long-headed. Chaff, 
p XiiJJii-l akhkalanda, A curry-comb, 
p (»*^1 a/iMawi, Rim ofa drum or sieve: a fiJlet. 
Pj^^\ ahhhamr, The crupper of a horse. 
P ajjii«-i ahhhuba, A button-hole, a loop. 
Pjj>j>-' akhhur, A wild pear. L^nripe, sour 
fruit. A button-hole. 

P *ij^ ^ akhhuza, (or l^^\akhkuja) Abutton. 
P e^j^^\ ahhhujana, A button. 
P {^•fj>-\ ahhhush. Unripe fruit. 
P <^»f^\ ahhkuh. An unripe apricot. 
P (j.^^1 akhhun, A button-hole. A button. 
p^^\ akhf/ar. Charcoal. A live coal. j^\ 
iCSO ahhgari tafia. Live embers, sl^ JJ>-\ ahh- 
gari kushta, Extmguished charcoal. 

p ^y^\akhgul, A beard of com, a pile of bai-ley. 
A ^^\ akhall, More or most indigent. Poor, 
needy. Akhull, (pi. of "^^ khuU) Vinegars. 
A fi*^\ akhlas, (pi. of ^ hhilw) Empty, va- 
cant, idle. (pi. of l^ khala') Fresh and tender ' 
plants. Potherbs gathered, (pi. of JU- khdU) 
Unmarried (men or women). Ikhla/,'(v. n. 4 of 
5)^ for^) Being empty, void, solitary. Being 
empty of food (the belly). Courting retirement. 
Allowing a private audience, retiring to consult 
together in private. Lightmg upon a solitary 
place. Finding (a place) empty, or (a person) un- 
employed. Vacating, emptying. Laying waste. 


depopulating. Bitting (a horse). Adding fuel to 
the fire. (v. n. 4 of A>-) Supplying (flocks) with 
herbage (God). Abounding in herbage (ground). 
A -*i)i-\ akhillds, (pi. of (_y^ khalil) Friends 
(intimate and sincere). 

A ^L^\ c-'iLi-l akhlabu'n nhat, Beloved by 
women. Ikhlab,(y. n. 4 of t-A»-) Being thick 
and muddy (water). Putting forth leaves (a vine). 
A i5i)j>-\ ikhlad, (v. n. 4 of iiii>-) Rendering 
eternal. Remaining stationary in a place. Conti- 
nuing steady in one's attachment. Growing old 
by slow degi'ees. Leaning, inclining. 

A (_j«>»-l ikhlas, (v. n. 4 of (j»Jj»-) Being 
partly dry and partly green (herbage). Being in- 
termingled (black and white hairs). 

A i^':^\ ikhlas, (v»n. 4 of oali-) Purifying, 
correcting.. Refining. Demonstrating sincere 
friendship. Yielding unfeigned obedience. Tak- 
ing the purest and best part of butter. Becoming 
Tery rich (the marrow of a camel). Sincerity, 
piety, friendship, affection, probity, candour. 
A Uo^J.i-\ ikhldsan, Sincerely, unfeignedly. 
A p ii-Xv^5)i>-^ ihhlasmand, Sincere, friendly. 
A ia^lo-l ahhiat, A mixed crowd, (pi. of laii- 
khilt) Mixtures, miscellanies. Humours of the 
body. Seasonings. »ijij)o'^i^\ ahhldti radiya, 
Corrupted humours. &*^\ la^Ji"-^ ahhldti arhafa, 
The four humours, elementaiy qualities, or com- 
I plexions in man. Ikhlat (v. n. 4 of laij>-) Helping 
I to cover. Covering. Breaking down in running 
I (a horse). 

A cili-\ ihhldf, (v. n. 4 of ji»-) Putting forth 
aves, flourishing (the sLaP iizdli). Coming 
I into ear. Finding an evergreen iUaS- iizdh. 

A i_JiJ>»-^ akhldf, The teats of a camel. Succes- 
[ «or8, descendants, posterity, (pi. of «iJi>- khilfat) 
Opposed, contrary (as black and white, long or 
short). Ikhldf, (v. n. 4 of (_ali-) Breaking a 
promise, disappointing. Discovering one to be a 
I promise-breaker. Giving no rain (clouds). Re- 
pairing a garment. Restoring. Repaying, re-im- 
bnrsing, making amends, compensating. Germi- 
I Hating afresh (a withering plant). Removing a 
I girth from before the sheath of a camel. Drawing 
water. Putting the hand to the sword. Becoming 
offensive from long fasting (the breath). Turning 
(as milk or wine). Being a year under full age (a 
Icamel). Getting new feathers after moulting (a 
1). Approaching the age of puberty (a lad), 
teakening any one (medicine). Leading (a stal- 
n) a second time to cover. Driving or casting 
I back. Following. 

A J^iJj^^ akhldk, Worn-out clothes. (pi. of 
I ^yo' hkulh, or khuluJi) Natures, dispositions, ha- 
8, manners. »Ju»^- (j^)>»-^ ahhldhi hasana, 
I Amiable manners. *ljj^ ^*^\ ahhWdjamila, 
Laudable qualities. Akhldk is a general name for 

( 43 ) 

books on morality : as, >l^\ j^^^ akhldku 'I 
^«Z«j»aj, The morals of learned men ; ui)j)\\ ^'^^ 
akhldku'l muluk, The manners of kings; jj5)^^ 
^Jf^ akhluki muhsini, Name of a dissertation on 
ethics. Ikhldk, (v. n. 4 of ^j^) Wearing out, or 
being worn out (a garment). Putting on another 
a worn-out garment. 

A j5)i-\ akhldl, (pi. of '[[)i- khill or khuU) In- 
timate friends. Ihhldl, (v. n. 4 of J3*-) Causing 
to want. Necessitating, constraining. Exhausting, 
impoverishing. Frustrating, disappointing. De- 
serting, abandoning. Carrying away. Keeping 
a fort thinly garrisoned. Bearing unripe dates (a 
palm). Feeding (camels) on the herb ilii- khullat. 

A (•^Jj«-\ ahhldm, (pi. of Ji- hhilni) Friends. 

A »ii-\a/'/M7Za<,(pl.ofJ^/JM7aZ) Tooth-picks. 
Small needles. The coverings of sheaths or scab- 
bards. Skewers. Rich sword-sheaths. 

A ii-\ akhlaj, A rope. 

A (_>aJi>-i ahhlas, More or most pure, sincere. 
(iU«)l (_><a\i-l akhlasu'l si&afZ, Most faithful of ser- 
vants. (i\yi]\ (^joii-l akhlasu'l fusdd, Cordial. 

A t,_aJi-\ akhlaf, Foolish, dement, weak in in- 
tellect. (A camel) inclining to one side through a 
distorted shoulder. A male serpent. A current. 
Squint-eyed. Left-handed. Difficult, disastrous. 

A /^^\ akhlak, More or most apt, fit, proper. 
(A stone) smooth, even, free from flaw. Poor. 

Vj^\ akhlur, The fruit of the carob-tree, 

A ^Ltli- 1 akhliyds, (pi. of 7^ khaUy') Free from 
grief, pain, or care. Idle. Unmarried. 

A ^^ ' ikhlij, A swift horse. A sort of plant. 

A -^^yj"-^ ikhUldi, (v.'n. 12 of (_^) Perseve- 
ring in the habit of drinking milk. 

A ^j^JJi»-\ ikhlildk, (v. n. 12 of Jii-) Being 
overcast (the sky), seeming disposed to rain. Being 
smooth (the loins of a horse). Being level with 
the ground (the vestiges of a house). 

A lil?"! ikhmdd, (v. n. 4 of i\i") Extinguishing 
a fire. Being quiet. Allowing a fire to become 
low without being extinguished. 

a\^\ ikhmdr, (v. n. 4 ofj^) Covering, con- 
cealing, suppressing. Hiding, concealing from the 
sight (ground). Leavening (dough). Revolving 
in the mind. Giving, bestowing, putting in posses- 
sion of. Entering. Lying hid. Hating. Neglect- 
ing. Abounding in wine. Hatred, rancour. 

A (_^l?'^ akhmds, (pi. of i^juJ^ khunu or khu- 
mus) Fifth parts. (_)«»\4Xi*>^ U«l»>-\ i^jjai,yazribu 
akhmdsan It asddsin, He tries to accomplish his ob- 
ject by fraud and deceit. ;_)»»lt»-\ iiji (_j \*fc 
humd fi hurdati akhmdsin, They are both very 
near, have united, made peace, or done a similar 
act, as though they were in one garment. Ikhmds, 
(v. n. 4 of i^j-^) Being or becoming five in num- 
ber. Watering camels, or being the owner of such 
camels as are watered on the fifth day. 


A eL?'la7i:Awnp,(pl.of*?") Wolves: robbers. 

A Jl?-! ikhmdl, (v. n. 4 of J^) Rendering ob- 
scureormean. Making (velvet) plushy, or shaggy. 

A |»^^ ikhmdm, (v. n. 4of !»•) Stinking(meat). 
Turning sour (milk). Sweeping (a house). 

Aj^^ akhmar, Drunk, intoxicated, crop-sick. 

A iJf'\ akhmirat, (pl.ofjl?" /t/Mwar)'Veil8,coifs. 

A -*L»^\ akhmisdt, (or iw»i-^ akhmisat') (pi. 
of (uJt»»- kluimis) Thursdays, as being fifth days. 

p «*M.»5«- 1 dkhmvsa, (or » ^..» V ^ akhmwsa) Bar- 
ley, millet, or rice-water. 

A (,ja^\ akhmas, The hollow part of the sole 
of the foot which does not touch the ground. Slen- 
der-waisted. ^j|W».»»-^\ ^^Ua^ khumsdnu'l akh- 
masayn, One who has the hollow of his feet slender. 

A I^J>\akhann,{^\. i^J>- khunn) Onewhospeaks 
or makes a twanging noise through the nose. 

A >Ui-\ ihhnds, (v. n. 4 of i^) Bearing hard 
upon any one (fortune). Traducing, defaming, 
talking obscenely or improperly. Ruining, destroy- 
ing. Abounding with herbage (a place). Being 
full of eggs (a locust). 

A L_-'Ui-\ akhnab, (pi. of \„^jjs- khimb) The 
back parts of the knee-joints, the hams. Interstices 
of the ribs, and fingers. Ikhndb, (v . n. 4 of i—***- ) 
Perishing. Destroying. Dislocating the foot. 
Amputating, cutting. Weakening. Being lame. 

A LljlJi-\ akhnds, (pi, of ti.»i»- khuns) Folds, 
plaits, wrinkles. The parts of a bucket from which 
the water is poured out. 

A ^_jjUj«-1 ikhnds, (v. n. 4 of (j<**»-) Keeping 
back, hindering. 

A cUi-\ ikhnd^ (v. n. 4 of jii-) Humbling. 

A ^^Uii-\ ikhndn, (v. n. 4 of ^s") Making mad. 

A Ll*ii-\ ahhnas, More or most flexible, lim- 
ber, or weak. More or most of a catamite. 

A 1\^\ ikhinjdjj,{r.n.l4 of ^) Goingawry. 

A (jJi-^ ahhnas, Snub-nosed. A lion. A tike. 

A **»-\ ahhnaf, The meanest. 

A i__ftii-\ akhnaf, Contracted on one side. 

p f^fSi*-\ akhangal, A sword. 

A ■^<^\akhnuhh,{oYukhnuhli)'Enoc}\. Noah. 

A fJsA dkhinly, A striped garment. A coarse 
linen cloth. 

A *^jk»- 1 dkhiniyat, Bows. 

A y>-\ alihw, or aklm, A brother. O^l y>-\ 
akhu'l mawt, (Brother of death) Sleep. 

A 't^\ ukhuw, (pi. of ^\ akh) Brothers. 

A A^\ ikhrvds, (v. n. 4 of ijy^) Emitting no 
fire (a flint). Setting (a star) without being fol- 
lowed by rain. Taking away the whole of one's 
property. Becomingexceedingly fat. Hungering. 

A 0\j=>-^ akhawdt, (pi. of Oi>-\ uklit origi- 
nally 8ji-\ akhamat) Sisters. Of the same class 
(as the letters j mam and ^j ye are called sisters). 

p ^jM\y>'\ akhwdsti, Unwillingness. 

A {^\^\ ikhrvds, (v. n. 4 of (^\i»- for ;^j»-) 

Putting forth leaves (a palm or plant ^ ^rfaj). 

Al9^^^nA/.n-a^,(pl.oti»ji- khut) Limber twigs. 

A Jlji.^ ahhn-5l, (pi. of J\i- lihal) Maternal 
uncles. Ikhwal, (v. n. 4 of JU- for Jji- ) Possess- 
ing maternal uncles. 

A (Ji^\ Uihn-an, A dinner-table, a tray. Ihh- 
wan or uhhivan, (pi. of J.^ akh) Brethren, friends, 
companions. ^J^J\ u^^^ ikhn-anu': zaman, Co- 
temporaries. Akhammi, (dual) Two brothers. 

A i^\ ifthnat or uhhivat, (pi. of ^^ aM) Bro- 
thers. «3^^ ikhnatuhu. His brothers. 

A iji-^ ukhitmt, (v. n. of U-^ for ^\) Becom- 
ingabrother. Fraternity, (pi. of ^W/rA) Brothers. 

A ^^\ ahhnas, Swag-bellied (man). 

A iiy^\ ukhuzat, (v. n. of Ji-^) Growing sour. 

p j^T akhn-ur, A stable, stall. Litter or straw 
laid under cattle. The collar-bone, cii-li- j^^ I 
akhrcuri khmhk, An empty cratch, j^'^^ 
cmurt (or amtr) dkhmtr, The master of the horse. 

p .^La)j>-T ahhwur-sdlar, Master of the horse. 

p tiJjj^T iJihwurah, The collar-bone. 

A {^^\ akhreas, One whose eyes are sunk. 

A (_3j»-^ akhrvaf, Very alarming. 

A jy^^ ahhivah, One-eyed. Deep. Ample, 
roomy. Wide extended (desert.) Scabby, mangy. 

A J»»-^ ^yy>.\ahhrcala aAAn;aZa,(Sparks offire) 
flying about, (men) dispersed here and there. 

A «J^\ rtMw7a<, (pi. of J\i-) Maternal uncles. 

P ^j»i-T dhmn, A theologian, preacher, orator. 

A ^^^\ahhun, (pl.of^^) Brothere, companions. 

A i>^\ akhivinat, {pi. of y)^ khiman) Tables. 
(pi. of ij^ji- hhawn-an or hhurvdn) Third months. 

p jj^T ahhrrund, A tutor. 

A (]|f-^^ ahharciy, Brotherly. Sisterly. 

A /^j»-^^ (tii rfa WM '?a/i/ta«;ay«,Dragon's blood. 

p i-^ aAAt, A good work. Manly, generous. 

^ ''j'\ ahlii, My brother. 

aSJ>'\ ithhydr, (pi. of^jjji- khayr) Those who 
abound in good things. (pi. of jli- hhayyir) 
Good, religious men. Pj^>-^ ■**'^J* guzidan 
ahhyar, Chosen from the best ; most excellent. 

A (j«U»-\ akhyds, (pi. of jj«Jk»- Aftl«) Thickets, 
darknroves. Haunts of lions. Places full of reeds, 
where animals shelter. Rays of milk streaming 
from the teats when milking. 

A ^JiXt»-\ ahhydsh,{i)\. oi \^_f>x>- khayslt) Linen 
cloths of a coarse and flimsy texture. 

A V>^^ ahhydt, (pi. of ia->- hhayf) Threads, 
strings, twines. 

A I JV^^ ahhydf, Different kinds of men. Bro- 
thers by the same mother, but different fathers. 
Ihhydf, (v. n. 4 of t_fl>V not used) Visiting the 
temple Khayf on mount Mina. 

A (J^*"^ akhydl, (pi. of jj»>»- kkayl) Horses. 
Horsemen, cavalry. Ikhydl, (v. n. 4 of Jli- for 
^_yjk»-) Portending rain. Watching a cloud to see 
if it will rain. Putting an image resembling the 

( 44 ) 

human figure near a young camel to scare the 
wolf. Lagging behind, being timid and cowardly. 

A ^\ihhydm, (v. n. 4 of *Vi- for ^) Con- 
structing, erecting, or pitching a tent or pavilion. 

A ^JM>'\ uhhayydn, Name of two mountains. 

A wi-T dkhtyat, or »li-^ altliiyat, (pi. ^.^^ 
aklmya' and '^\^\ awdkhty) A stake, peg, or ring 
with which cattle are fastened ; a tether. 

A 'iSi>'\ ahlnyat, Protection, tutelar authority. 
Clientage. A tent-rope. 

A SS^^ akhikhat, A kind of pottage made of 
flour, with butter or oil. 

p ^^^Ji^'\ akhidan, To arrive, reach, overtake. 

A joi-l ahhiz, Taken. A captive. An aged 

p^T akliir, The foimdation of a house. Ce- 
ment, plaster. The incrustation of a wall. An 
unburnt brick. A land-mark. 

Kjf^\ akhyar, Better, best. Ahhir, Posterior, 
last. Last mentioned. Absent. 

A ]jio'\ akhlran, At length, in fine. 

O (^jtjjf-^ akhlros, (or «*«j^ju>-\) Wild wheat, 

A i^jf'^ ukhayra', (dim. of ij^f''^) Another. 

p (jjj ►Jki-l akhirtdan, To draw a sword. 

v\iJ>-\ dkktz, Cement, plaster of a wall. 

vSyuf] dkkizgar, A plasterer. 

A jj«jki-\«/</i?/as,((j-jki-\ii,^P-) Agreatnumber. 

p &~^ I ahhtsa, A ram leading the flock. A 
march-stone, a land-mark. Defective, imperfect. 

A ^jLisAukkays]iin,(Aua. of^^^i*-^) Roughish. 

A i^jAii-\ akhyas, (A ram) which has one horn 
broken . One who has one eye larger than the other. 

.\f>aJ>-\ ukhayzir, A kind of fly. Ophthalmia. 

A '_°j^^^ akhyaf, Wall-eyed (man or horse). 

A (J^^ akhyal, Vainer, vainest, prouder, 
proudest. One who has many moles (on the face), 
(pi. (Jjk*- kktl) A green magpye. A black and 
white bird called J^ «?warf. Name of a tribe. Ar- 
rogance, pride, ^jjc-^^yo banu' I akhyal, ' 
of the tribe whence sprang Layla. 

A «J-c>-) akhyilat, (pi. of (jU»- khaydl) Phan- 
toms, spectres, apparitions. 

G ^jtijx^\ akhinos, Wild wheat. 

G y^*»-^ akhyun, Snake' s-head (a plant). 

p «A»- 1 dhkya, A ram, the leader of the flock. 
Praise. Spittle. Limit, boundaiy, hedge, inclosure. 

A <>1 dd, Strength, power, vigour. Victory. 


A S\ add, (v. n. of lil) Yearning towards her 
foal in a plaintive tone (a camel). Stretching, ex- 
tending. Taking by surprise, overpowering (as an 
unexpected misfortune). Making a noise in his 
belly (a camel). Wandering, straying. Power, 
strength, victory. An unlawful action. Idd, (pi. 
i>\i\ addd) Misfortune, sorrow, great danger. An 
arduous, difficult affiiir ; any great and momentous 
business. A marvellous thing. A profane or un- 


lawful action. Power, strength, vigour, victory. 
C7</<Z,Nameofthefather of an ancient Arabian tribe. 

A b1 ada', (for j^l adawa) (fut. jdl^^ya^du) He 
assisted, he strengthened. He became strong. 
(The fruit) ripened. He armed himself well. He 
prepared for a journey. He lay in ambush. 

p \d\ add. Blandishment. Eloquence, voice, 
expression, song, music, odes. b\ tiJjb JJj bul- 
hull nazik-add. The nightingale with the melodious 
voice. \i\ (_Aj^ U^ ^^i^ nawdn murghdni 
khwush-add,T:he melody of birds with sweetnotes. 
\d\ jj--*- kasan-add, Just expression or pronuncia- 
tion. \i\ »iiJu^ OUju"3 tadnrdti sanjuLa-add, 
Well-weighed, judicious interpretations, ^^i>^ \c>\ 
add hardan, To pronounce, express, sing, warble. 

A >=bUrfaj, Payment, satisfaction, perfonnance. 
p y4>/'b\ add hardan, To pay, satisfy, liquidate, 
discharge. To perfoi-m, execute, accomplish. To 
assist. To bring to perfection. To prepare for a 
journey. To lie in wait. ^^t^S j^.ii t/"' «f'«-^' 
dayn hardan. To make payment of debts. ^j\^\ 
^^/j^^ addn safar kardan, To perform military 
duty , to make a campaign,to discharge that vassalage 
which a military tenant owes to his lord. A Iddf, 
The stopple of a leathern bottle. 

A 'iAA iddsat, (v.'n. 4 of Dii for \j<^) Falling 
sick. Afllicting with sickness. Suspecting, doubting. 

A (_-»\iiT dddb, (pi. of i_Ji>\ adab) Civilities, 
good manners, devoirs, ceremonies, politeness. 
Fonns of address in writing and speaking, saluta- 
tions, respects. Many books, particularly of mo- 
rality and science, have the title of t-»U I dddb : 
as, i^jS^^ J '■rV^^ i—jUI ddabul Mrab n-a'lfan, 
The manners of the Arabians and Persians ; i_«>ut 
-fbji)\ dddbu'l ghurabds. The duties of travellers, 
or the manner in wliich those who travel to, or re- 
side in, foreign countries ought to conduct them- 
selves; ^olaJl L-->bl dddbu'l hdzi, The duties of 
a judge ; "i_^to\ L->bT dddbu'l hdtib, The duties 
of a secretary ; ^^ L->\iil dddbu'l muluk, The 
manners of princes, &c. ; OliJ i^ iLis i.->>ul 
dddbi fuzald ft lughdt, Name of a Pei-sian Dic- 
tionary, explained in Arabic and Hindi, by Kaai 
Mahmud bin dahlawTy, a native of Delhi, who died 
ann. 1420. u->bT i_jVs::^' as-hdhi dddb. Well- 

bred, learned men. l1/J.«> u>>bl dddbi sunnatj 
The minor duties of life, p J^\ii I dddb-gdh, 
place of obeisance in the palace of a chief. 
A i^\S\ idmb, (v. n. 4 of L-.>b) Causing to ti 
A w\ii\ addbat, (v. n. of (— .'li^) Being co: 
teous, well-bred, polite or learned. 

A^'(ii uddbir, One who turns his back upon hi? 
kindred, who listens to, or cares for nobody, 
p i}>jj\iil add-band, A describer of blandishmentSi 
P (^;ijj\i5^ add-bandi, Description of blandish- 
ments. The fixing a period for the performance 
of a contract, or payment of instalments. 


A 'i\ii\ adat, (pi. 0\jiil adawdt,) An instru- 
ment, tool, utensil, apparatus ; whatever is neces- 
sary in the forming or completing of any thing. 
(In gram.) An accessory particle: as, i_a) j«jk)l iliil 
adatu't faw-i/". The definite article (J) al). *Jbl 
Ui* adatu'l jaza, An illative or conclusive particle, 
prefixed to nouns or verbs : as, v__J fe, Then, there- 
fore ; (J^jJ Vill'\ii\ adati tawassul, A conjunctive 
particle ; *^ OU\ adati jam*, A particle added 
to form the plural from the singular number; Cj\i>\ 
(Js-\» adati fasil, A particle supplementaiy to 
nouns or participles in forming names of agents, si- 
milar to er in English : as,jijO ^arf/ar, A labourer, 
from jO kar, Labour ; \S) OU^ adati nida, A 
vocative particle ; OVi..^ Cj\^\ adati nisbat, A 
particle ofrelationorpossession, which, whenadded 
to a substantive, implies the being endowed with 
iiny quality : as, liJ^jJj I arzumand, Desirous, from 
jjjl arzu, Desire. 

A lib lafZa(/,(pl.ofiiU<Z<Z) Misfortunes, dangers. 

A bb\ addda, A species of mezereon, 

A 'iC)\i>\ idddat, (v. n. 4 of jb for lijiS) Breed- 
ing worms (meat or bread). 

A jb^ addr, The Syrian month of March. 

G (jVb^ addrdkl, A kind of Indian medicine, 
of an acrid and poisonous quality, dog's bane. 

A lj\i\ iddrat, (v. n. 4 ofjb for^jii) Turning 
round, going in a circle. Being subject to a gid- 
diness in the head. Causing to revolve. Turning 
(one) towards, or turning (him) oS" from, p 8j\i>\ 
(,1?' (,U- iddrasijdmi himdm, A handing round, 
or pushing about, of the deathful cup. 

p (^jb^ addrin, (in zand and Pazand) Hi- 
deous. Wicked, bad. 

p (^bl dddsh, Of the same name as another. 

A i_-Jb\ uddf, Membrum virile. The ear. 

p ^J \ii\ add-fahm, Understanding by signs. 

A ftilij) iddkai, (v. n. 4 of ^b for Jjjii) Sur- 
rounding, enclosing. 

p tiJb\ addk, (or tiJbl ) An island. A ford. 

A *)b\ iddlat, (v. n. 4 of Jb for Jjii) Aiding, 
making superior, giving the victory. Superiority. 

A (.bl a</a7n.,(pl.of (•blic^am,andof|Cii^ adim, 
q. V.) (pl.of |»jW<ZTO)Condiment8 eaten with bread. 

p *b\ addm, The celestial globe. 

A -bl iddm, (pi. Mii 1 ddimat and j.b I dddrri) 
Whatever is eaten with bread Conformable, con- 
gruous. A chief, leader, model. Name of a wo- 
man ; and of a well a day's journey from Mecca. 
Addma, (in prayer) May (God) prolong. 

A JiS\ adddm, A tanner, currier. A vender of 
Morocco leather. 

A «Ub^ iddmat, (v. n. 4 of ^b for j.j.i) Perpe- 
tuating. Keeping (a pot) on the trivet. Filling (a 
bucket). Trying (an arrow) upon the thumb. 
Stilling a boiling kettle. 

A iob^ iddnat, (v. n. 4 of ^Jb for j^y ) Being 

( 45 ) 

weak, infirm, base, and despicable, (v. n. 4 of ^jb 
for j^.<>) Lending, giving credit to a fixed period. 
Buying or selling on credit. Running in debt. 

p ijl^y>\d\addnosh,'Name of a messenger whose 
eyes were torn out by \j^ Mzrd. 

A ^^i^\addm, (pl.of JJii\ adna') Nearer, nearest. 

A 0\j\ii^ addwdt, (pi. of 5b\ addt) Instru- 
ments, implements, utensils. 

A iijbl iddmat, (pi. (^jbl addwa') An ewer or 
vessel, from which the Muhammadans pour water, 
for washing the hands, &c. 

A (^jb\ addwa', (pi. of »jbl iddmat) Ewers. 

A ^bl add/dm, (pi. of ^ii\ adhatn) Fetters. 
Black horses. 

A (_-.>ii I ddib, (pi. Wii^ adabat) One who invites 
to an entertainment. The master of a feast. 

A L^ii\ adb, (v. n. of i— Jiil) Inviting to an en- 
tertainment. Any thing stupendous or wonderful. 
Wonder, astonishment. Adab, (v. n. of t—.'ii^) 
Being courteous, polite, well-bred. Making a feast. 
Being abundant (water in the sea). Courtesy, po- 
liteness, urbanity, good-breeding, respect, reve- 
rence. Propriety of conduct. Learning, morality, 
sound doctrine. The science of polite learning, 
classed under twelve heads : I. &i3 lughat, Words ; 
2. i_i^ so-rf, Declension; 3. jlHxi>\ ishtihdh, 
Derivation ; 4. j^' nahm. Grammar ; 5. ^^^»A 
mafdnt. Sense, meaning; 6. /jIaj. haydn. Elo- 
quence; 7. [^j^^^ruz. Prosody; 8. sJS hd- 
fiyat, Rhyme ; 9. Ia3l ^j rasmu'l hhatt, Calli- 
graphy; 10.jx^\ f^Ji ka7-zu'sh shi^fYersi&cvi- 
tion; II. JjImjj J t^ViV J^j^ j_yLli\ inshdsi 
nam' az khatb u I'asdAl, Epistolary composition ; 
12. Cj\j>o\^ muhdzardt. Dialectics. ^ (—Jiil 
adabu'l hahr. Abundance of water in the sea. 
p (ji^b f^^\ adab dddan. To correct, civilize, 
teach. To chastise, correct. ^^i^S i^ii\ adah kar- 
dan, To behave modestly, properly, or honestly. 
i_->i>\ tilp tarki adab. Rudeness, incivility. t.i|p 
{^^S 1— -»ii\ tarki adab hardan. To offend against 
good manners ; to be boorish, rude, unpolished. 

A C^i)\ adabb. One who has little hair on the 
face. Hairy (camel). 

A f-\>i\ idbdf, (v. n. 4 of ^i) Putting forth 
buds resembling locusts (the plant js- tarfaj). 
Udahdf, (pi. of u-»?.ii^) Well-bred, polite, learned. 

A I— Jbii^ adbdb, (pi. of lIjJ dubh) Bears. Id- 
bdb, (v. n. 4 of L—'ii) Causing to creep. Admini- 
stering justice in a province. 

Aj\jii\ adbdr, (pi. ofjJt> dubr) The hinder or 
latter parts of any thing, of the back, neck, &c. 
Those who come last, the rear. (pi. of SJii daba- 
rai) Ulcers, galled places on the backs of cattle. 
j^\ Joi\ {^fi adbdri'sh shahr, At the close of 
the month. Idbdr, (v. n. 4 of Jii) Turning back. 
Committing sodomy. Neglecting, slighting the 


interests of a friend. Waxing rich. Dying. Draw- 
ing out a thread in spinning. Turning back (the 
part of the ear called 'i^fatlat). Travelling on 
Wednesday. Going off", diminishing (the milk of 
a camel). Galling a hoi-se's back (a saddle). Hav- 
ing a galled back (a horse or camel). Exposing 
to the west wind. Blowing from the west (wind). 
Understanding, discriminating. Reveree of fortune. 

A \X>i^\ idbdran. Finally, in the end. 

A 'iJo^\ idbdrat. The slit part of the ears turned 
towards the hinder part of the head. A bit of lea- 
ther tied to a sheep's ear. 

A t_>ijbii) idhds, (v. n. 4 of ^j>^^) Putting forth 
grass (the ground.) 

A ^V"^' idbdlt, (v. n. 4 of ^Vii) Glueing toge- 
ther, causing to stick close. Bird-liming. 


jyt 1 i_,*ii\ adab-dmoz kardan, To ex- 
alt to high rank. To render illustrious. 

p «ibii\ adabdna, With reverence, with respect; 
civilly, politely, courteously. Wisely, learnedly. 

p 8j\j I L^i\ adab-dmdza. Loud, clear-voiced. 

A (_^i>^ adbab. Hairy (camel). 

A iOiil udbat. An entertainment to which one 
is invited. Wonder, astonishment. Any thing won- 
derful. Adabat, (pi. of L-->ii I ddib) Those who 
invite to entertainments, masters of feasts. 

p iij\lii)\adab-khdna, A water-closet. A school. 

A Jii\ adbar, Ulcerated, galled in the back. 
Adbur, (pi. of Ji> dib?') Swarms of bees or hornets. 

A (j«Oii\ adhas, Chesnut-coloured (horse). (A 
bird) of a blackish red. 

A (^_>«U-Jii\ idbisds, (v. n. 9 of (j^i) Being of 
a dark colour (a horse). 

A l^ii\ adabiy, Polite. Learned. 

A OVIj_ii\ adabiydt, (fem. pi.) Relating to hu- 
manity, politeness, or learning. Accomplishments. 

A_^.ii\ adbir, A species of serpent. 

A JiSl iddat, (pi. iiii\ idad) Adversity. Grief. 
Astonishment. A wonderful, difficult, wicked thing. 
83) Sjkfcb ddhiyat iddat, A great misfortune. 

A jbiil iddisdr, (v. n. 8 o{ Jid) Acquiring in- 
fluence. Acquiring much property. 

A jJii) adsar. Perishing. Careless, forgetful. 

A A»-i\ idjds, Darkness (of the night). 

A (jW""^^ adjdn, (pi. of (^li dajn) Cloudy, 
rainy (nights or days). Idjdn, (v. n, 4 of ^^i) 
Continuing, remaining (rain or fever). Being dark 
and cloudy (day). Entering into clouds and dark- 
ness. Raining incessantly. Abiding in one place. 

A jM»-ii) adjan, Of an ugly black colour. 

A •^Irfv'iil idjijds, (v. n. 12 of ^jj-ii) Being dark 
and cloudy (the day). 

A ^JJ^li^ idjijdn, (v. n. 12 of ^^d) Being dark 
and cloudy (the day). 

A (_)iU>-ii) idhdz, (v. n. 4 of (jia»-ii) Dismiss- 
ing a suit. Abolishing. 

A ^3^*^) idhdh, (v. n. 4 of /i^'ii) Driving away. 

A JU-ii^ adhal, (or J^ii^ acllmT) (pi. of Jj»-<i 
rZa/(Z) Caverns in the earth, narrow at top and wide 
at bottom, where people may walk. Cavities in 
the channels of rivers, or the bottoms of wells. 
Openings in the sides of the Arabian tents, through 
which the women retire when any man enters. 
Idhdl, (v. n. 4 of Jj>'i3) Descending into a cavern 
as described above, and remaining concealed there. 

A Ay>-ii\ idhimaf, A being spread out. 

A 'i'^s>'i\udhuwat,i^ki»-^\udhiyat, ^lj>~ii\ud/ui/ 
or idhti/) (pi. Wfc-ii^ adhiyat) The place where the 
ostrich lays her eggs. 

A /V-ii^ udhly or idhly,lSame of a lunar mansion. 

p ^lilarfaM, Good, elegant. Auspicious, hap- 
py. Height, exaltation. 

A jli-ii\ Idkhdr, (v. n. 4 o{^i) Rendering vile, 
pitiful, or contemptible. 

A jU>-S\ iddikhdr, (v. n. 8 ofji-i) Hoarding. 

A JU-iil idlthal, (v. n. 4 of Jj"t>) Causing to en- 
ter. Introducing, inserting, thrusting or putting in. 

A Jli- j\ iddikhal, (v. n. 8 of Ji-ii) Entering. 

A (jlJ»-0^ idkhdn, (v. n. 4 of ^^>^) Emitting 
smoke. Becoming hard (grain). 

A jjl*-ijl iddikhdn, (v. n. 8 o^ ^^ii) Smoking. 

A (Ji-ii^ adkhal, More or most inner or intimate. 

A (^ii\ adkhanjDirty, smoky coloured (sheep). 

A 'i^ii\ adJthinat, (pi. of (j^(>) Smokes. 

A l^l^\ idad, (pi. of 'iii\ iddat) Adversities, mis- 
fortunes. Wonderful things. Udad and udud, 
Name of the father of a tribe in Arabia Felix. 

A (]/i5ii\ udadiy, Belonging to the tribe of Jjl. 

Pjii I ddar, Fire. Adir, A lancet, a fleam. 

Ajiil ddar, {j^\.ji>\ udr) Afflicted with rup- 
ture,orswelled testicle. Adur, (pi. ofjb) Houses. 

A ji>l adira, (tni.jihyasdiru) He was ruptured. 

A jii\ udr, (pi. ofjiil ddai-) Ruptured. Adar, 
(v. n. ofjO\) Being ruptured. Rupture. 

A jii\ adarr, One who has oblong, ruptured, or 
swelled testicles. 

A Aji>\ adrdf, Swelled (testicle). Idrdt, (v. n. 
4 of Ijii) Letting her milk flow after colting (a ca- 
mel), (v. n. 4 of j^iS) Teaching, instructing. De- 
coying, lying in wait for game. Scratching the 
head with a pin or comb called Lf)J«* midra'. 

A AJii\ iddirds, (v. n. 8 of \jii) Lying in wait 
for game (a hunter), (v. n. 8 of (jfjii) Combing, 
parting the hair. Attacking, assaulting. Deceiving. 

A (— '^i5^ iddirab, (v. n. 8 of (— J,(>) Advancing 
into an enemy's country from *). rum. 

A ^yc>\ adrdj, (pi. of _ .li durj) Spindle-cases. 
«»• Viii ^j rajafo, adrdjaliu or idrdjahu, He re- 
turned by the way he came. J^.j'\ k-\^^ *^- L^-''^'''' 
zakaba damuhu adrdja'r riydh, His blood was 
shed with impunity. Idrdj, (v. n.4 of -- jii) Ex- 
ceeding a year and not bringing forth (a camel). 
Folding (a letter). Tying a camel's teats. Draw- 
ing up a bucket easily. 

( 46 ) 

p jVoi idrdr, A pension, a stipend. 

Aj\j j\ idrdr, (v.n. 4 of "J J) Agitating, moving, 
whirling round (a spindle), giving it a rotatory mo- 
tion so rapid that it appears stationary. Turning 
(an arrow) on the nail to try its goodness. Pro- 
voking urine. Sending forth (milk) copiously. 
Putting in motion. Driving, propelling (as thewind 
does a cloud). Giving liberally and continually. 

A Cj\.\.J^ idrdrdt. Pensions. 

p {jSj^\ idrdri, A pension. A dishful. 

A (__>-\|J^ adrds, (pi. of ^j'tj'i dirs) Tattered 
garments. (^ja\ji^\^\ahuadrds,\v\\a. Idrds, 
(v. n. 4 of (w,J) Studying. Saying a lesson. 

A (_)ul,i5\ iddirds, (v. n. 8 of (_wji>) Studying. 

A {^VoS adrds, (pi. of ^.^0 dirs) The foetuses 
of mice,moles, hares, or cats. {^\.C>\^\abu adrds, 
A fool. (_^)jJi I»\ umm adrds, A misfortune. 

A «^t>^ adrdf, (pi. of cjii dirf ) Coats of mail. 
Cuirasses ofiron or leather. Women's shifts. Idrd^, 
(v. n. 4 of cjJ) Having the pasturage round a 
watering-place eaten bare. Passing over, getting 
through (half a month). Inserting one thing into 
another. Running (a shoe-latchet) into the hand. 

A c^o\ iddirdf, (v. n. 8 of sji^) Putting on a 
cuirass, shift, or smicket. Travelhng in the dark. 

a u«jj\|jl idi-dfis, Froth of the sea. 

A Jj]jJ^ adrdk, (pi. of W,J) Shields of leather. 

A Lii\jj\ adrdh, (pi. of LiJ.J darlt) Punish- 
ments. Lowest pits of hell. Idrdk, (v. n. 4 of 
(-iJjO) Overtaking, attaining, reaching. Living long 
enough to be contemporary with. Arriving at man- 
hood. Coming to maturity. Coming to an end, 
being finished, or reduced to nothing, vanishing. 
Comprehension, apprehension, understanding, per- 
ception, intelligence, intellect, capacity, genius. 
Attainment. Maturity. »5jIo Oo\.ii\ idrdkdti 
sddika. True, just conceptions. 

p Aj^ adi-dm, (or Ai^) A packing-needle. 

A Aiil idrdm, (v. n. 4 of |».ii) Changing the 
teeth. Losing his milk-teeth and breeding others 
(a boy). Producing a red-leafed plant (the earth). 

A i^j'^^ idrdn, (v. n. 4 of joj J) Being dirty (a 
garment). Dirtying. Eating withered herbs. 

A 'ijS\adaratoTud7-at,'R,\v^i\iTe: swelled testicle. 

A Ss^J^ udrujjat. The step of a ladder. 

p (jij-j J I ac?m/(/i«/t. Lightning, thunder. Cold. 

A JjOlac?ra(^, Toothless, or whose teeth are worn 
to the stump. 

p ^lijjJt ddarshdkh, A pickle. 

A i^jii\adrus, (pi. of(_^ J darsordirs) Young 
mice, moles, hares, or porcupines. 

A e.jj\ adraf, Black-headed and white-bodied 
(animal). (A horse) of a bad breed. Adruf, (pi. 
of e,ji3 fZ»'?) Coats of mail. 

A l-jIac^oI idri^db, See (_ilip,j\ idritfdf. 

A (_jiLiPj j\ idrUshdsh, (v. n. 4 of (jiJSjJ Q) 
Recovering from sickness, being convalescent. 

A ._jlfl«ij J^ idri^df, (v. n. 4 of i_iS;j J Q) Go- 
ing fast with their faces near the ground (camels). 
Quitting the ranks before a battle. 

p i^j'i\ adarfan. Itch, scab, ringworm. 

p t2j, j1 adarh, A swinging cot ; swingfor chil- 
dren. J.fZm^, Moist ginger. JrfriVi, A small plum. 

p »jS\ ddram, A saddle-cloth. Arms, such as 
swords, daggers, bows and arrows. A large needle. 

p j,jS\ adram, A saddle-cloth. 

A Mjd\ adram. Fleshy on arms, ancles, or thighs. 
Even, level. Thick, large (hough). Toothless. 

A -\4^jJ\idrimjdj,{v.nAo^ jcj^ Q) Entering 
without leave. Creeping in clandestinely. Enter- 
ing and sticking fast. 

p ^JiXtjS\ adram-kash, A packing-needle. 

p a^jjl afZ?-a»ia, A saddle-cloth of coarse wool. 

A j,\8JjO\ idrinfdk, (v.n. 3 of ji,J Q) Walk- 
ing quickly. Going before. 

A cU5, j\ idrinkd^ ( v. n. 3 of *Jj J Q) Fleeing, 
escaping from difficulties. 

P ii.^JI ddrang, (or iSfijii\ adrang) Grief, 
sorrow, distress, ennui. A heavy calamity. 

T «J.j\ adrana, Adrianople. 

A (jjj^^ idrawn, A manger, crib, stall. 

p »j j\ udra. The crest of a helmet. 

A |«l»fc,j\ idrikmdm, (v. n. 4 of ^ J Q) Being 
aged. Failing (the sight). 

A i^j'i\ adra', More knowing, better informed. 

A (j-^J^ idris. The Arabian name for ^-jj*-^ 
akhnukh, Enoch. (j-^i^^ _jJ^ ohu idris, Penis. 

p wl»- ijui,ii\ idr'is-khdna, Heaven. 

A i^}>.j^^ adriyun. Name of a flower. 

p (_y»_*\ adas. Name of a grain. 

A I i\u>J\ idsdf, (v. n. 4 of i_o.«)J not used) 

Living by panderism, pimping. 

A ;L* j\ idsdk, (v. n. 4 of Jj*<»^) Filling. 

A (»U>»j\ idsdm, (v. n.4 of ^J) Corking. 

A ^juiA adsah, Large-mouthed. 

A ^J^ adsam, Ash-coloured. 

P (_^ J I ddish. Fire. 

A As-Vi iddi^j:, (v. n. 8 of IP J for ^J) De- 
manding one's right. Assuming, boasting (of fa- 
mily or courage). Pretending to, claiming (whe- 
therfalsely or truly). Causingone tobecalled after 
one who is not his own father. Announcing one's 
self before a rival in battle. Race, stock, lineage. 

A cl*\pj\ ad^, (pi. of i.l*PJ difs) Hatreds. 
Id^s, (v. n. 4 of (.L*-}) Being far advanced on a 
journey. Confirming, perpetuating. Stealing. 
Leaving a remnant. Choosing. 

A (^l&j\ arffos, (pi. of t^jaS'j difs, or </«?«) 
Sand-hillocks. Id^, (v. n. 4 of (jiaPO) Killing. 

A ^J^^\ id^k, (v. n. 4 of JjP J) Urging (a hoi-se ) 
to his full speed. A mode of running. 

A As-j] iddi^m, (v. n. 8 of jfi-^) Leaning on 
a prop, reclining, supporting one's self. 

A (._>»&j1 adtab. Foolish. A fool. 

A S'A ad^j, Black. Black-eyed (man). 

A jC j1 ad^r, A steel (literally jjj zand, A kind 
of wood) which emits no fire when rubbed. 

A jr^S\ adfani, White on the breast (a horse). 

A «JkS-j\ U 7na adfanahu, How impudent he is ! 

A 'i-^j\ idfcmnat, A pudendum large and thick. 

AjKifr J^ id^nkar, (v. n. 3 ofj^J Q) Acting 
shamefully and oppressively. Rushing on rapidly. 

A sJJ^ J 1 ud^un-at, (or 'iip'^^ udfiyat') An enigma, 
riddle, any thing that one strives hard to know. 

A AipiiS ad^ii/as, Adopted sons. Bastards. 

A sjp'ii\ad9ii/at, (pi. of*lfrJ(ZM»aj) Salutations, 
congratulations,compliments, wishes, prayers, bless- 
ings. Invitations. 

A sj£-^\ udAyat, A riddle, an enigma. 

A jIpjI iddighar, A cutting of the front teeth. 

A ;ji\*-j\ idghash, (v. n. 4 of (j£^J) Entering 
into the darkness of night. 

A (_^lPkj\ idghas, (v.n.4 of ;_>aC-J) Filling, in- 
flaming with rage. Preparing for battle, descend- 
ing into the arena. 

A J\Pl>^ adghal, (pi. of Jp J daghal) Corrup- 
tions, taints, blemishes. Thick forests, trees, or 
luxuriant herbage, where the branches and fibres 
are interwoven and entangled. Ambushes. Jd- 
ghal, (v. n. 4 of ^JPJ) Lying in ambush, deceiving. 
Laying an information. Marring, spoiling. Pro- 
ducing trees thickly entangled together (the earth). 
Assaulting, attacking suddenly. 

A |»\^ j\ idghdm, (v. n. 4 of (^ J) Making black 
in the face. Enfeebling, benumbing (heat or cold). 
Swallowing (food) unmasticated, eating in a hurry 
lest others should get the start. Putting the bit in 
a horse's mouth. Inserting one letter into another: 
coalescence : as, (o^Ss- fiddan, for /j^JJ* ^itdan. 

A j»IpS\ iddigham, Coalescence of two letters. 

PjPJI adghar, A summer-house. 

p jC-J^ adghar, A vent-hole. 

A jfi-ii\ adgham, (Horse or sheep) black about 
the head and lips. Ash-coloured. Black-muzzled. 
Black-nosed. One who speaks through his nose. 

A aIj^J^ idghimam, (v. n.ll of ^J) Having 
the face and lips blackish, the rest white (a horse). 

p (_J j1 adaf, (orJjl) A nephew by the brother. 

A \ij\ adfas, Clad in warm raiment (a man). 
Warmer. One who lives in a warm tent. 

A -*\sj\ adfdt, (pl.of \iJ ^(/i) Warm clothings 
of wool or camel's hair. Idfat, (v. n. 4 of ^<^^ 
Warming. Clothing in warm raiment. Giving 
bountifully. Coming together, (v. n. 4 of jj) 
Despatching (a wounded man). Having long horns. 

A >\9<3l iddiftu, (v. n. 8 of ^_^J) Putting on 
warm clothing. Drawing near the fire. 

A c^ J^ i'lfcift (v. n. 4 of *J J) Driving violently, 
pashing bard, thrusting away. 

A (_-J\s J^ idfaf, (v. n. 4 of u-Jt>) Following in 
■succession. Fluttering, moving the wings and feet. 

( 47 ) 

A j\sl>\ idfak, (v. n. 4 of Js J) Shedding at 
once (the contents of a jug). 

A y\sjl adfan, (pi. of (jjij) Covered, buried. 

A ^Ji'J^ iddifdn, (v. n. 8 of ^^ J) Running away 
and hiding himself (a slave), lest he should be sold. 
Being buried. Hiding under ground, burying. 
Aj3S\ adfar, Stinking, filthy, rusty (arms). 

A (juLj j\ idfims, (v. n. 9 of ^J«i^> not used) 
Having a black face. 

A ^ j1 adfa^ More or most repellent, most skil- 
ful in parrying, removing, or carrying off. 

A Jjijl adfak, Swift. Crooked. Bent double 
with age or grief. (A camel) whose teeth project ; 
also one whose elbows are wide apart from his sides. 
Clear and upright, not inclined either way (new 
moon). Swift (march). 

A Jy j\ udfuwat, or adfuwat, Name of a village 
near Alexandria ; also of a place in Upper Egypt. 

A ij^'^\ udfaiviy, Native of Udfuwat. 

A ^iil adfa', Long-homed(goat). Long-winged 
(bird). Crooked, decrepit. 

A S-JOl udfiyat, Name of a mountain in Arabia. 

A jJI adakk. More or most subtile, minute, 
slender, thin, abstruse. 

A JV»i>^ idkdk,(v. n. 4 of Jj) Pounding, pul- 
verizing : attenuating: makingthin,slenderandfine. 
Speaking abstrusely. Giving little. Givingasheep. 

A J« j\ idkal, (v. n. 4 of JJ'J) Bearing dates 
of a bad kind (a palm). Being lean and small- 
boned (a sheep). 

P s^"^' adakcha, A cover, wrapper. 

A ji'j\ adkaf. Keen (hunger). Earth, dust. 

A jjij\ adham. One who has three teeth broken. 

p (^jl ddak, An island. 

p efJj\ aduh, Pudenda foeminae. 

A f2}S\ adakk, (pi. tljj dukk) Broad-backed 
(horse). Bunchless (camel). 

■ A (j««0 j1 idkds, (v. n. 4 of ijSS) Producing 
herbage (ground). 

A jjS j\ adkal, Blackish (stone). 

A (jj Ji adkan, Inclining to black. 

p^jI a<^</ar,Measure. Comparison. Conjecture. 

A Jj\ adl, (v. n. of J j)) Becoming healed (a 
wound). Churning (milk), stirring (it) up. Going 
with short steps (one over-loaded). Idl, A pain 
in the neck. Milk thick and sourish (proper for 
making butter). Any thing heavy and oppressive. 

A >>)j^ idldt, (v. n. 4 of ^ J for j!j) Throwing, 
sending, or letting down, dropping. Letting a 
bucket into a well. Preparing either to stale or 
cover (a horse). Forming or seeking an intimate 
alliance on the score of relationship. Offering a 
bribe to a judge. Giving money. Pleading in a 
court of justice. Adducing proof or argument. 
Speaking evil of another, 

A l1>^ j\ idlds, (v. n. 4 of il*) J) Covering. 

Ajj-^jI idldj,A departing at nightfall. 

A -.^1I>\ iddildj, (v. n. 8 of Jj) Travelling 
during the last watch of the night. 

A (_>«^i.>\ adlds, (pi. of (jJti dalas) Grass grow- 
ing at the end of summer. Idlds, (v. n. 4 of yJ J) 
Finding such grass. Being green with such grass. 

A e,'iS\ idldf, (v. n. 4 of «3j) Lolling the 
tongue. Sticking out the belly. 

A c^j\ iddildt{y. n.8 of x3 J) Dangling, being 
lolled (the tongue). 

A ( i^jl idldf. Speaking harshly. 

A jj^o) idldk, (v. n. 4 of ^J) Drawing (a 
sword), bringingout. Chattering with cold (teeth). 

A ci)^ j\i(Z6?i7a^, A rubbingbetweenthefingers. 

A (J^ j\ idldl, (v. n. 4 of l}j) Looking askance 
as lovers. Confiding, relying. Being mangy and 
lean (a wolf). Being bold, impudent, free and 
easy. Going beyond bounds (in love). Coming 
down (on an enemy) : pouncing on his prey (a hawk. 

A &)o\ idlat. Milk thick and sourish. 

A 'iio\ adillat, (pi. of JJj dalil) Arguments, 
reasons, proofs, evidences, indications. Guides. 
Road-guides. 'ij^\j «Jj1 adillat wdzihat, Clear 
proofs. 'i^Ju «3j\ adillat sharpy at, Legal, judi- 
cial proofs ; evidences before a court of justice. 

A {,jaiS\ adlas, (An ass) getting a new coat. 
Bald. A man who stumbles much. 

A ^^^oid\ adlasiy. An ass getting a new coat. 

A ^ji^\ adlafiy, Penis crassus et longu=. 

A (_ila»J j\ idlighfdf, (v. n. 4 of t_^ii Q not 
in use) Sneaking with intent to steal. 

A J j\ adlam, Swarthy (man, mountain, or ass). 
Black leather. Dusky. A lion. 

A ;_).»L«iii\ idlimsds, (v.n. 4 of ,j«ijQ) Being 
very dark (night). 

A ^UaJ j\ idlinzat, (v. n. 3 of ,ja3 J Q) Passing 
rapidly by. Being fat. 

A -l^il^ idlihmdm (v. n. 4 of ^i Q) Being 
very dark. Becoming aged. 

A j^U^jU'<:?Z//tna», Becoming aged. 

A ^j\ adU, (pi. of j!ii dalw) Buckets, urns. 

A (3»^->~A^'^^ idlisds, (v. n. 11 of ^JJo) Getting 
little grass off the land (camels). 

A >^ j\ idUldf, (v. n.l2 of (Jk>) Going quickly. 

A *UJ j1 idlimdm, (v. n. 11 of Jii) Being black. 
Being very dark (the night). 

A (»iT ddam, (pi. *J^ udm, ^J^ii\ udmdn, and 
l»i)\j\ arcddim) Brown, dusky, tawny, mulatto. 
Adam, the father of the human race. White and 
at the same time hairy (camel). One who has the 
pupils of the eyes varied, black and white. Name 
of a reporter of traditions. aJ 1 ^ji ham ddam, 
The sons of Adam, i. e. mankind. ^\j^\ (.01 
ddamu's sdni, The second Adam, i.e. Noah. 

A Mi\ adm, (v. n. of |»j\) Adding one thing to 
another (as bread to meat) ; unitinginloveorfriend- 
ship. Becoming a chief, leader, or pattern. An 
example, model, chief, leader. Udm, (pi. Jjl 

adani) Any thing eaten with bread (as meat, fish, 
salt, or vinegar), (pi. of * J I adarn) Brown, dusky. 
White with ash-coloured stripes. Skins. Adam, 
Man, mankind, Adam and his posterity. A tomb. 
A kind of date. Names of several places in Ara- 
bia, and often put for Yaman itself. Adam orudum, 
(pi. of £i^\adim) Dressed skins (of goats). 

p ftti\ adam, A ruby. 

A >\/oijl admat, (fem. of aOI adam) Brown. 
White with ash-coloured stripes (a doe). White 
(she-camel). Idmas,(\. n.4of j^«J) Makingbleed. 

A OUiJI adaviat, (pi. of «/c j\ adamat) Skins. 

A jJ^^\ idmaj,(v.a.4: ofv»^) Wrapping one's 
self in a garment. 

A -.^J^ iddimajiThe being firmly inserted. 

A cUi>^ idmdf,(j. n. 4 of J*"^) Filling (a cup) 
to overflowing, causing (it) as it were to shed tears. 

A e\itni\ idmagh, (v. n. 4of icO) Necessitating. 

A j^i^\ idmak, (v. n. 4 of ^^5) Inserting. 

A (JUj\ idmal, (v. n. 4 of (J*^) Cicatrizing. 

A ^U j1 idmam, (v. n. 4 of <n)) Acting shame- 
fully. Begetting ugly children. 

A (j^O I ddaman, (Pera. pi. of ^ J I adam) Men. 

A (j^t)\ adman, A tree which becomes green 
after having: withered in the summer. A disease 
in a palm-tree. Idmdn, (v. n. 4 of f^S) Perse- 
vering in, keeping long at, constantly doing. Keep- 
ing up a continual practice. Perpetuating. Ud- 
mdn, (A buck or doe) of a white colour, (pi. of 
(•lil adam) Brown, dusky. Adaman, Rottenness 
and blackness of a palm-tree. The corruption of 
the palm-tree. Name of a tree in Paradise. 

A ailoJ^ admdnat, Brown, dusky (woman). 

p \ji, A J 1 adam-perd, Creator of man, i. e, God. 

A iUJ I ddimat, (pi. of Ji.J\ iddm) Meats, sea- 
sonings, (pi. of £iii\ adim) Skins, goats' leathers. 

A JUol admat or adamat, A chief, a general, a 
leader, model, exemplar, pattern. Udmat, (v. n. 
of (»ii^) Being of a brown colour. Brownness, duski- 
ness. A clear shining white with blackness of the 
eye (in camels). White mixed with black, or any 
other colour (in deer). Udmat or adamat. Con- 
junction, or that which causes it, that which passes 
between, and unites two bodies ; union, mixture, 
propinquity, afiinity. Adamat, The inner skin, 
thin skin, cuticle, or membrane, which covers the 
flesh or intestines. The outside of the skin. The 
skin of the head. The inside of the ground. 

p jji»- * J I ddam-khmur, A man-eater, a cannibal. 

p jjM* |»j| ddam-sar. Bald. 

p ^jiXiui Mi\ ddam-shinds,l<inowingman\ 

A i^ja/«ii\ admas. One whose eye-brows are thin 
at the outer and thick at the inner extremity. 

A *ej\ admuf, (pi. of *«J dami) Tears. 

A »Mii\ admighat, (pi. of cloJ dimdgh) Brains. 

p (C^ aOI ddamgart. Humanity. Valour. 

p ^^d\ adman, Pure, fragrant (musk). 

( 48 ) 

A l1>j*j\ udmus, A pit under ashes in which 
they bake bread. 

A (j«»_yeii^ udmus, Dark (night). 

A ^Jl ddamiy. Human. A man. Brown. 

p jjjU*t>l ddamiydn. Men, mortals. 

p ft3Vx« J I ddamiydna, Humanly, like a man. 

p «^ ^ J 1 ddami-hacha. An infant. 

A S-Iwobl ddamiyat. Humanity. 

p Ci\j (<oj| ddami-zdd, A son of man, man. 

A jVf««j\ idmlmdh, (v. n. 12 of «<i>) Being al- 
most broiled by the heat. Fainting, swooning. 

A i^C>\ adann, Crook-backed (man). Short- 
necked. Short in the fore-feet (horse). Hollow in 
the middle of the floor (a chamber). 

A U j\ a(?na',Nearer. Lower. Last. Least. Basest. 

A OjI adnas. Crooked, hump-backed (man). 

A ^\jj\ adnds,(ip\.o{^^^Jdanh:) Mean, small, 
trifling. Vicious, licentious, careless of reputation. 
Idnds, (v. n. 4 of vij) Perpetrating enormities, 
doing a mean, base thing, (v. n. 4 of Uj for ji J) 
Bringing near. Being near her time (a camel). 
Living on spare diet. Approaching, drawing near. 

A ^US\ iddindt, (v. n. 8 of Uj foryJ) Ap- 
proaching, becoming near. 

A (_>uUj^ adnds, (pi. of (j«Jii dank) Dirty (fel- 
lows), nasty (rascals), sorry (dogs). 

A i^\iii\idndf, (v.n. 4 ofi_A>iJ) Suffering from 
severe and continued illness. AflSicting sorely for 
a long time (sickness). Going down (as the sun). 
Bringing near. Being yellow. 

A (o^'i^ idndn, (v. n. 4 of ^ J) Staying. 

p ijj j\ adand. How ? See tibo\ adank. 

V uiJi) j\ adank. How ? At what rate ? An un- 
certain, unknown number, conjectural computation. 
One truss, hamper, &c. One half of a horse's load, 
as much as a beast carries upon one side. One side 
of a piece of money. 

A (_^jWrfna', Lower, lowest. Smaller, smallest, 
least, most trifling. (pl.(3)o\ a£Zani)Nearer, nearest. 

A (j\^o\ adaniydn. Name of two valleys. 

A jj\ ad TV, (v. n. o{\j\ for jj\) Deceiving, ly- 
ing in wait for (as a wolf does for a fawn), 

A jii\ udv.rv, The coming to maturity (of fruit). 

A Ajii\ admdf, (pi. of ^"^ J dds) Diseases, sick- 
nesses. Idwds, (v. n. 4 of Aj for IjJ) Afflicting 
with disease. Being sick. Suspecting, (v. n. 4 of 
[Sj'^) Making sick. Keeping company with the 
sick. Eating a thin skin formed on the surface of milk. 

>\_j3\ iddiwds, (v. n. 8 of (^jii) Eating the thin 
skin on the surface of milk. 

A 0\jj\ adawdt, (pi. of »b\ addt) Instru- 
ments, tools, utensils, (in gram.) Accessory parti- 
cles. V ^^J^ C^\jJ\ adawdtijang, Anna,yrax- 
like apparatus, weapons of war, artillery. 

Aj^jii^ adwdr, (pi. of .^J ddr) Houses, man- 
sions, (pi. ofjj J dawr) Orbs, orbits, revolutions, 
circles. Periods, ages. Musical periods, cadences. 

j\j(>^) J* fdlmu'ladmdr. Music. 0_}ii« j\jj\ 
adwdn malakut, The harmony of the heavenly 
bodies, the music of the spheres, the intelligence 
which moves them. Jy^ Jj'3'^'^ adivdr u akrdr, 
The cycles or revolutions of years, according to 
which the astrologers pretend to prognosticate the 
accidents of human life. Every adwdr consists of 
360 solar years, and the akrdr of 120 lunar years; 
the whole art consisting in finding the combinations 
of these years, and their respective relations. 

p ^^\jS\admdy, (inzandandPaz.) Voice,echo. 

A t-r'j J^ adub, Polite, well-behaved. 

A jjOl adfur, {jj'^'^ adwur or ijj'^^ adwirat, pi. 
of j\o ddr) Houses, mansions. Towns. 

p (_>ujii\ adus. Dim-sighted, purblind. 

A (_)-jOl adwash. Dim-sighted, squinting, or 
injured in the eye by disease. 

A Mj''^ adwan, More or most mean, or base. 

A t/ji^^ adwa', A viper. 

p (_fj j\ adwe. Sweet-scented flag. Aloes. 

A «^jO\ adwiyat, (pi. oi A^J daivds, diKds,ov 
durvdi) Medicines, p m^ ^ijii^ adrciyan garm, 
Hot condiments, as pepper, cloves, cinnamon, &c. 

p JOi dda, A hen-roost. A perch for pigeons. 

A Jj\ adah. Diligent application and perse- 
vering attention to business. 

A t_>^\AO\ idhds, (j. n. 4 of ^J»*J not used) 
Travelling over soft soil without sand, dust, or clay. 

A (jiU J^ idhdsh, (v. n. 4 of (jS* J) Astound- 
ing, striking with amazement, temfying. 

A (__>o\*j1 idhdz, (v. n. 4 of ^jwafcJ not used) 
Bringing forth a hairy foal fully formed (a camel). 

A jlfcii) idhdk, (v. n. 4 of Jjfct>) Filling a cup. 
Emptying a vessel with violence. Commanding 
to make haste. 

A jl*S\ iddihdk, (v. n. 8 of ^J) Entering 
(one within another), joining (as a row of stones). 

A j«\* j\ idhdm, (v. n. 4 of ^ J) Hurting, in- 
juring. Rendering sad. 

A (j\*J^ adhdn, (pi. of ^^J duhn) Oils, oint- 
ments, unguents. Idfidn, (v. n. 4 of ^^ J) Anoint- 
ing. Concealing. Deceiving, dissembling. Mak- 
ing clean. Imposture, deceit, falsehood. 

A (jlfctil iddihdn. The anointing of one's self. 

A J>ii\ adltaj, A word used in calling a sheep 
to be milked. A name for a sheep. 

p \^J)\ adhijd, (or »Jj^J\) A kind of thorn. 

A^ jl adhur, (pi. of^ J dahr) Times, ages. 

A (j«J>J^ adhas, Reddish, inclining to black. 

p ^'^^ adhali, Half a gold mohur, in value 
eight rupees. 

A ^ J^ adham, (pi. ^\S\ addhim) (A horse) 
of a black colour, inclining to a dusky green. 
Black. Old, ancient, blackish, much trodden 
upon. Recent. A fetter. "i ^jl adham lujj, 
Very black (camel). jfi>S:^\ yi\ abu'l adham, 
Alarge cauldron, inwhichthey dress a sheep whole. 

A |»l»to j\ idkimam, (v. n. 9 of Jbk>) Being of a 
black colour with a slight mixture of dark green. 

A (_^ jl adha', More or most subtle or astute. 

A sAfcjl adkiyat, (pi. of "^J dahty) Shrewd. 

A (^_>uU«Jifcol idlnsas, (v. n. 11 of ^j»fct)) Be- 
coming of a reddish black (gi'ound). 

A (•IfAol idhimam, The being very black. 

A (_5'0 1 ada', More or most exact and punctual 
in his payments, better or best paymaster. 

A ^JS\ ad'iy, Apparatus (especially of a mili- 
tary kind). Small or middle-sized (vessel or 
churn). Light, active, quick at work. Little (pro- 
perty). Wide (garment). Readiness, preparation. 
Udiy, (v. n. of j,?^!) Becoming thick (as milk). 
Having butter nearly formed (a churn). Being 
abundant. Deceiving, lying in wait for. 

Ajb\ adyar, (pi. of^ J dayr) Monasteries. 

A i^Ij.J^ adyak, (pi. of tdb J dik) Cocks. 

p yb.o\ adyan, Fat cattle (in motion). 

A (j^ Ji adyan, (pi. of ^ J din) Religions. 

A ^J^,-\ iddiyan, (v. n. 8 of ^^\j for ^J>.|^) 
Running in debt. Buying or selling on credit. 

A u^.o\ adib, (pl.>bj\ udahas) Courteous, po- 
lite, well-bred. Learned. A professor, tutor, 

Aj0.j\ udayhir, A species of serpent. 

A w j\ adiyat, Little, few (sheep). 

p 8,li:j\ adichara. The inverted thorn. 

p Jo.j\ adid, Consequence, A spring of water. 

p (jiJ.ol adish, Fire. 

p ^J\ adim, The face. Perfumed leather, in the 
East called jUb lulghar, but by us, Morocco. 

A jj>C>\ adim, (pi. «*0 1 adimat, (»j\ udum, Aj] 
dddm, and j»J^ adarn) Goat's leather, perfumed, 
which they bring from Arabia Felix. Bread when 
eaten or baked with meat. Tlie surface of the earth. 
Name of a horse. -*U««J\ V j\ adimu 's samds. The 
expanse of heaven. Xf>^^ j^o\ adimu'ti nahdr. 
The diffusion of light or day. i^^ f^..''^ c-^- 
OTM'zzMAa', Half way betweensun-riseandmid-day. 

A j^ji\ udayyim. Name of a tract of country in 
Arabia. Name of a place. 

A ^^,S\ adyan. More or most religious. Ad- 
yun, (pi. of (^ J dayn) Debts. 

p JJijJJl ddyanda, The rainbow. 

IP ftjo.jl dd~ina, Friday. 
p /oj^.>^^ adyun, A rapacious animal. Fat cattle. 
A W0\ <jl)l jla* hatafa' lldh adayhi, (for «J.JJ 
ffadayhi) May God cut off both his hands ! 
A ii\ iz, When (in a past sense). Indeed. If, 
if so be. Forasmuch as, because. Already. Be- 
hold ! lo! i\ izin, (iXUjlw hinanzin or tilliil 
izzdJta') Then, at that time. 3>X«^, yawjnasizin, 
On that day, on the day when. joULJ laylatanzin, 
On that night. \i»ii\ iz md. When, if at any time. 
A j\ azz, Amputation, a cutting off. 

kA ^li^ izd. When (in the present or future sense). 

( 49 ) 

ly\ \ii\ hatta' izd ataw, Until they amved. 

xAiS azds, (v. n. of {jh\) Being injured, re- 
ceivincr damage. 

A (— J|Ol izsdh, (v. n. 4 of i— .^li) Being terrified 
(by a wolf). Adorning with forelocks. 

A 'ij\h\ izabat, (v. n. 4 of (_j1 j for (-r'ji) Dis- 
solving, causing to melt. Invading, plundering. 
Adjusting, correcting. 

A 'i\'C)\ azdt (v. n. of {j'ii\) Hurting. Trouble. 
Damage, loss, injury. Tyranny, oppression. 

A &i-li\ izdkhat, (v. n. 4 of ^Ij for i?j not 
used) Going round, moving in a circle. 

aJi'VoS azdhhir, Name of a pass between Mecca 
and Madlna. (pi. of ji-j! izkhir) Bog-rushes. 

A » Jli\ izddat, (v. n. 4 of j\ J for Jji) Help- 
ing (one) to drive camels. 

Aj liii iz^dr, (v. n. 4 ofjjj) Putting in a rage. 
Inspiring with boldness. Instigating. Compel- 
ling, forcing. 

Aj\i\ azdr, The Syriac month of March. 

P (j^^^iil dzdrdfyiki, Foam of the sea. 

u (jyil azdrdki, A plant called dog's bane. 

A »j\ii\ izdrat, (v. n. 4 oiXi foi-jji) Frightening. 

P ^_y^yoJ|,li\ dzdrtOs, A proper name. 

A 'iS'MiS izd^t, (v. n. 4 of cU for *?i) Publish- 
ing, divulging, bjazing. Draining, exhausting. 
Squandering, lavishing. 

A ( j\il uzdf, Membrum genitale maris. 

A w\i\ izdkat, (v. n. 4 of j\ii for ^jji) Giving 
one to drink or taste. Tasting, experiencing a taste. 
UjS (^4X«J M\ j^ii\ azdka zaydun ba^daha ka- 
raman, Zayd became generous and liberal. 

A 'ii\'i\ izdlat, (v. n. 4 of J)ii for Jj.ii) Letting 
down a veil. Abusing, over-working and making 
thin (a slave or ahorse). Despising. Appendage. 

A (•iii^ izsdm (v. n. 4 of |«l<i) Forcing, compel- 
ling. Terrifying. 

A (^)jl dzdn, or (j\iil azajj, (v. n. of ^Ji>\) Sig- 
nifying, announcing, giving notice ; the signal for 
summoning to prayers, by the Mu'ezzin or crier, 
from the minarets or towers of the mosques. Azdn, 
(pi. of jjii\ iizn or uzun?) Ears, lobes of the ears. 
Handles. <-r*L)J^ jj^iil dzdnu'l arnab, (Hare's 
ears) Bupleurum. jy!>\ ^J\'ii\ dzdnu's sarvr, Bu- 
gloss. (^tXii j^^ii I dzdnu'l jady, (Kid's ears) Rib- 
wort. lI^jJI jj^iil dzdnu'd dubb, (Bear's ears) 
Mullein. 'i\J^\ ^^lil dzdnu'sh shdt, (Sheep's ears) 
Hound's tongue. iiJo<5) f^\!i\ dzdnu'' I tabd, {Sla,ye's 
ears) Shepherd's staff. JUi5\y\il dzdnu'l ghazdl, 
(Doe's ears) Hound's tongue. jlaJ\ (^\j| dzdnu'l 
far, (Mouse's ears) Chickweed. (J-fl3^ (j^*-*' 
dzdnu'l fil, (Elephant's ears) The Egyptian bean. 
(_j.i>,M.fl.M jj^'.Jl ai'awtt'Z Amu, (Presbyter's ears) or 
j^\^\jjUl dzdnu I hdzi, (Judge's ears) Venus's 

A (o\j^ azdn, A stopping, staying, standing. 
Azdn, (or w\j\ azdnat) (v. n. of joi^^) Knowing, 



A ^\o\ uzanly, Large-eared (applied to men). 

A („ <i>6>\j) azdhib, (or (_-**W^ azdhih) (pi. of 
i_->l*o\ azhdb) Yolks of eggs. Certain dry mea- 
sures in Yaman. 

A (J!->Jl««a66,Awildbull. Long. Along tooth 
projecting from the side of a camel's mouth. 

A -.bjjl izzibdh, (v. n. 8 of ^_J) Preparing a 
victim for sacrifice. 

A Jbi>\ izbdl, (v. n. 4 of Jj^) Causing to wi- 
ther. Debilitating. 

A &JJla«'iWai, (pi. ofL-»\jJ«?<ia6) Flies. Bees. 

p ulJb j\ uzbalt, Usback Tartar. 

A jj.^'-*^ izhdj, (v. n.4 of j»- 13) Stopping, stay- 
ing, standing still. 

A JU»-o\ azhdl, (pi. of (_).»• 1^ zaM) Enmities, 
hatreds. Retaliations, desires of revenge. 

Ajli»- j\ azhhdr, (pi. of J>- J zukr) Provisions 
or treasures acquired for future use. 

A jli»-iil izzihhdr, (v. n. 8 ofj^-t)) Storing up. 

A js» j\ izkhir, (pi. ji-\t)\ azdhhir) The bog-rush. 

AjOO Jl izdihdr, (v. n. 8 ofj> J) Recollecting, 
recalling to mind. 

A ci)l j j\ iz »aAa, Then, at that time. 

Pjt>l dzar, (More correctly azMr) Fire. Name 
oftheangel presiding over fire,and the affairs of the 
dayjil dzar. Name of seven celebrated fire- 
temples formerly standing in Persia, and dedicated 
to the seven planets. Name of Abraham's father. 
The ninth solar month, when the sun is in Sagitta- 
rius. Nameof the last lunar winter month. Name 
of the ninth day in any month, but particularly in 
the 4th month Tir-mah. 

A \jS\ azras. Gray about the forehead. (A ram) 
white-headed, black-bodied, dapple-eared. 

A Aj3\ izrdf, (v. n. 4 oi\jO) Provoking, enrag- 
ing. Terrifying. Exciting, inspiring with desire. 
Compelling, forcing. Causing to flow. Allowing 
her milk to flow (a camel), (v. n. 4 of (^0) Sow- 
ing. Winnowing. Sifting. Spearing and unhors- 
ing a cavalier. Sweeping away (wind). 

A i-r-']jJ^ azrdb, (pi. of L-^J) Obscenities. 

p oUT jiil dzar-abdd, (or ^^l^jbl jS\ dzar- 
dbdd-gdn) Name of a fire-temple in Tabriz ; also 
the ancient name of Tabriz itself. 

p ^»^jbljj\ dzar-dbdd-gun, Asio\e: a forge. 

A c]j j^ izrd^ (v. n. 4 of c,J) Seizing by the 
ai-m. Putting out the arms from beneath the vest. 
Bringingforth(thewildcow).Beingvery talkative. 

A c \jj\ izzird^ (v. n. 8 of c,ii) Putting out the 
arms from beneath the vest. 

P •,ji\jS\dzar-af?-oz, An eolipile. A phoenix. 

p UJ^ jjl dzar-afzd, An eolipile. 

A j\j J! izrdh, (v. n.4of jji)Muting(abird). 
Causing to mute. Producing the lote-plant. Pro- 
ducing clover or trefoil. 

A :^j\ izzirdk, (v.n. 8 of Jji.)) Bathing the 

eyes with milk and water. Anointing the eyes with 
antimony mixed with the expressed juice of trefoil. 

P (^jO. I ji^ I azar-ayin, Name of the fourth tem- 
ple of the seven called after the planets. 

p obj J I aj?a?--Z<arf,Nameof a priest of the Magi. 

P ^jlSiib.Jl azar-had-gan, {or f^^S>\yjS\ azar- 
hay-gan) Name of a fire-temple in Tabriz. (It 
signifies, Conservator of fire.) 

p u^..\jh'^^ a^ar-&ar«H, Name of the sixth fire- 
temple of those named after the seven planets. 

PjJijI azar-ho, (or bu, WjXO! azar-hoya or 
hw/a) Name of a yellow flowering shrub, from 
whose root pearl-ashes are made. 

P iSj^.i^\ azari hahram, Name of the third 
fire-temple, called after the seven planets. 

A (3 j"^^ azrabiy, A native of Azarbayjan. 

P ^jI^vjJI azar-bayjan, (The region of fire), 
A province of Pereia, which corresponds nearly 
with the ancient Media, though it comprehends 
also a part of Syria and Armenia Major. 

miJjJI azar-parast, Afire-worshipper. 

p ijOjiil azar-payra, (or^era) One who attends 
on a fire-temple. 

A 'ijii\ azirrat, (pi. of,j|j J zarur and 'S;JjO za- 
rv-ai) Drugs pounded and sprinkled. 

P (_)i5,j| azartush, A salamander. 

A rj^^ azruh, Name of a town in Syria. 

Pj\i^jjf jj\ azar-hhurdar, (or d\d,y^ jCA 
dzar-khwurdad,) Name of a priest of the Magi ; 
also of the angel who presides over fire : also of the 
fire-temple at Shiraz : also of the fifth fire-temple. 

P iji.j^j^^ a^ar-ZtAwj-iM, Name of the fifth fire- 
temple, called after the seven planets by the an- 
cient Persians. 

P (jSi-jJI azarlihush, Name of the ninth day 
of the month Azai: 

p \tJ>-jii 1 azirhhusha, Intense cold fatal to man 
and beast. Lightning. 

P iJJ^jji^\ azar-rang, Bright, shining, red, 
flame-coloured. Confused, dispersed. Difiicult. 
Trouble, misfortune, calamity, ruin, slaughter. 

p Ci*^iijjjii\ azar-zardahasht, Name of the 
seventh fire-temple, named after the seven planets. 

p (_)«,ol azaras, A salamander. 

PI— '■■ i j'^l a^«r«/ta2^,(u-A— iijOl azar-gushasp, 

p»jwi dzarshaup, or t_ * f'.S .0 1 dzar-gushp) 
Name of the angel or demon of fire. Fire, flame, 
lightning. Name of one of the temples in the city 
of Balkh. A salamander. 

P (JJ-ujjJI dzar-shin, A salamander. 

p {^^^jS\ dzartus, Name of the father-in- 
law of \j'^ pazrd. 

A y^i\ azra^ One whose mother is of higher 
rank than his father. Very eloqiient. (A horse) 
of a bad breed. Quick, sudden (death). Azi-ut, 
(pi. of e.\j^ zii-df) Arms. 

A CjIPj jl az7-i^t, Name of a town in Syria. 

( 50 ) 

A ._J\fli^ Jl i^'\faf, (v. n. 4 of v_iP,J Q) 
Going fast. Advancing from the ranks of battle. 

A ^yi c)0\ azrat katlin, By a speedy death. 

A ^j'^^ azra^y, Wine produced at Azriwt. 

I' '\j-3 j^ I dzar-fardz, Kindling fire. 

PJ. JjJ I azar-furoz, (or \y faza') An eolipile. 

P Jjj jJl azar-kada, A fire-temple. 

P y j'^ 1 azar-ku, The leaves of the camomile. 

P it^ jd\ dzar-kesh, A fire-worshipper. 

p o-io J j I dzar-gashp, Name of an angel pre- 
siding over, and living in, fire. 

p i^^*,„!'„S jd\ dza7'-gushasp, Name of a fire- 
temple erected by Gushtasp in Balkh, in which he 
kept his treasures. It was destroyed by Alexander. 
A fire-temple. Lightning. Fire. A fire-worship- 
per. The angel presiding over and living in fire. 

p ^jS J J I dzar-gul, A flower like the anemone. 

p MjjSjJt a2ar-(7M», Flame-coloured, fiery -red, 
bright. The anemone, marigold, marsh-mallows. 
A salamander. A horse. 

p Jtj^ t dzram, A saddle-cloth. A saddle whose 
cloth is in two pieces. 

p Jsl/ojOl dzar-mdh, Name of the ninth month 
of the solar year. 

Vj^jii\ dzar-mihr, Name of the first fire- 
temple called after the planets. . 

P ijSij'i I dzrang. Light, luminous, bright, 
dazzling. Fire. Distress, misery, ruin. 

p ij/iij> jii\ dzar-nosh, Name of the second 
fire-temple named after the seven planets. 

p (^y.'L»fcjj| dzar-humdyun, Name of a witch. 

p cLXLi^j* ji) 1 dzar hoshang, Name of the 
earliest apostle sent to Persia. 

p (_f^0 1 dzari, A native of Azarbayjan. Name 
of a poet. Afollowerof i^Xi*>»j*jOl dzar hoshang. 

p (,^y^j'^\ dzriyds, Gum of wild rue. 

G ;_>ujla)j j\ azrttus, Name of a medicine. 

P {^.j^ I dzarin, Camomile-flower. Ox-eye. 

P (jj^.j^l a2^a7'-«/Sn, Red, flame-coloured. Any 
flower of such acolour: anemone. The sun-flower. 

A laJ^ azatt, Wry-jawed. 

Ajlffi\ «2sar, (v. n. 4 oiS-'S) Terrifying. 

A ( Jlff- j1 izmf, The act of killing instantly. 

A (jlPOl iz^n, (v. n. 4 of ^^'li) Obeying, sub- 
mitting, rendering swift obedience. Abasing one's 
self. Confessing, acknowledging. Obedience, sub- 
mission. j^\pJ^\ '-r*?~\j ivdjibu'l izfdn, Neces- 
sary to be obeyed. 

A I — s\sj1 izfaf, (v. n. 4 of ijji) Making haste 
to despatch a wounded man. 

Ayj\ azfar, Fragrant, pungent. Strong, rank, 
jijl LiXwo miski azfar, The most fragrant musk. 

A f^dSazkdn, (pl.of ^ji'i^a/iaw)Chins, beards. 

A ^^S\ azhan, Long-chinned (man). 

A ^^ii\ azka', Flaccid-eared and nosed (horse). 

A ^J\ izhds, (v. n. 4 of \ii forji J) Making 
fire burn, or lamp shine clearly. Sending spies. 

Aj%ii\ azkdr, (pi. ofjS i zikr) Praises of God, 
continual prayers or repetitions of the names and 
attributes of the Supreme Being. Izkdr, (v. n. 4 
ofjJ i) Bringing forth a male child. Reminding. 

Ajiii\ izzikdr, (v. n. 8 of jSi) Recalling to 
one's memory what had been long forgotten. 

Ajid\ azkar, More or most acute, or sharp. 

A /iii) azka', Sharper, more or most pungent. 

A -f l/ii^ azkiydi, (pi. of ^ii) Acute, witty. 

A Ji\ azall. Most vile, abject, or submissive. 

A ^^i\ azilld^, (pi. of JJi zaUl) Abject, vile, 
mean, contemptible, slavish. Submissive. 

A j^Jl izldh, (v. n. 4 of Jj)(i) Disturbing, 
troubling. Pouring water into the hole of a lizard. 
Lighting (a lamp), making (it) bum. Whetting. 
Muting (a bird). Weakening (poison or fasting). 

A J^j\ azldl, A state, mode, manner, condi- 
tion. (pi. of J j zill) Courses, currents. The 
meanest of men. Izldl, (v. n. 4 of Ji) Associating 
with base people. Holding in contempt. Discover- 
ing one to be base. Soothing and coaxing (refractory 
camels) by picking the tikes off" them. Contempt, 
depression. Dishonour. 

A 'ei^\ azillat, (pi. of J^j zalvT) Gentle, easily 
managed, submissive, tractable. 

A (_jU«li^ izl>^db,{v.nA of ;_juJ J Q) Walk- 
ing fast. A kind of camel's pace. 

A j»«Jiil azlufty. Long and thick (penis). 

A *(i^ azlagh, (or (_yJi^ azlaghhj) Penis. 

A i_fl) j\ azlaf, Small-nosed ; ape-nosed. 

A ^'Ci\ azlak, Eloquent, ready, voluble, glib. 

A *^L)j\ iztilds, (v. n. 12 of ^Ji) Escaping 
clandestinely. Making haste. Submitting. Being 
broken-hearted. Standing, but not stiff: 

A l«j\ izmd, When, the time when, whenever. 

A -*l«ii\ izmds, (v. n. 4 of ^i>) Beating with 
violence almost to death. 

A j\/cii\ azmdr, Intrepid men. Protectors. 

A j»Uii\ iz7ndm, (v. n. 4 of *<i) Becoming vile 
and contemptible. Discovering any one to be so, 
and despising accordingly. Committing an act 
fraught with turpitude. Protecting, shielding from 
oppression. Receiving under one's protection. 
Lagging behind from fatigue. 

A &*ii\ azimmat, Safe-guards. Rights, dues. 

Aj\yijeii\ izmikrdr, (v. n. 4 of ^5*3 Q) Being 
divided into minute particles (milk). 

A jji> I dzan, Long-eared (animal). Azin, A 
sponsor, a surety. A porter. A chamberlain. 

A (jiil azina, (fut. of j^iib ya^zanu) He list- 
ened. He knew. 

A ^Ji^ azn, (v. n. of ^^il) Certifying, infonn- 
ing. Striking on the ear. Beginning to dry par- 
tially (herbage). Izn, (v. n. of j^i\) Permitting. 
Leave, licence. Knowledge, permission. Izn or 
azan, (v. n. of ^^i\) Knowing. Uzn, (pi. ^J\'li\ 
a^an) The ear. A handle. J^ ^^h\uznu'lhi- 


jjii\ ttznu' 

mar, (Ass's ears) A parsnip. f^p-J^ 
«z/<w,The wing of an arrow. liJm)) ^jil uznu'l^hd, 
(Ear of the slave) The water-plaintain. C^ r-.O 
si (ji^ lahistu uznayya lahu, I turned my deaf 
ears to him. Uzn or uzun, Attentive to what is 
spoken (man or men). Azan, (v. n. of (jjl) Giv- 
ing ear, listening to with pleasure, attending to, 
obeying. Liking the scent of meat, iiaw. Well, 
very well then. Come on. Now. Surely, verily. 
Uzun, (pi. ^J^h'\ azan) The ear. A handle, (pi. 
of Siiil azanat) Small camels or sheep. Leaves of 
com, straws. t-»13\ Uii\ uzuna^l kalb, The two 
lobes of the heart. 

A j^iil azann, Snotty, snivelly. 

A -fUii) aznas, (fem. of ^^ j I azan) Long-eared. 

A (_>»Uil aznab, (pi. of (__-oi zanab) Tails, 
rumps, posteriors. The rabble. J^ L->liiil az- 
tiahu 'I hhayl. Horse-tails (a plant). (_j.»U5\ ujUil 
aznabu 'n nds. Men of low degree ; servants, me- 
nials, followers, dependants. Iznab, (v. n. 4 of 
L-*><i) Committing a crime or trespass. 

A ^Jjli'\ uznan, Name of a man. 

A 4_^J' aznab. More or most sinful or criminal. 

A LJjl aznibat, (pi. of (--"y J zanub) Long- 
tailed (horses). Portions, lots of good or evil. 
Long daysof evil. Buckets full or not full of water. 

A *j jl azanat, (pi. ^^ Jl uzun) A leaf or blade of 
com. The small kind of the camel species ; also 
of sheep, &c. A single straw. Adana, a city of 
Cilicia near Tarsus. An appetite for the smell of 
meat. Name of a mountain near Mecca. TJzanat, 
One who believes all he hears. 

p uiLiil nznak. An ear-tmmpet. 

A A^S\ azwaj, (pi. of J j zu) Kings of Yaman, 
whose names all begin with jt> zu. Izwat, (v. n. 
4 of (_j'jt>) Causing to wither. 

A (_Jij i3\ izwab, Thick milk, cream. 

A «j\j43\ izwabat, The melting of any thing. 
The choicest or purest part. Thick milk, cream. 

A C)\^S\ azwad, Troops of camels from 3 to 10. 

A ialjjl azwat, Spiders with yellow backs. 

A J^jtJ^ azwak, (pi. of ^j J) Tastes, flavours. 

A L_J_j4i)a^^6,(pl.of(.— *^i>)Wolves. Wilddogs. 

A ii^S\ azuz, Keen, sharp (knife). 

A hj^y] a«wa<,Short-chinned,overhung(man). 

P MjJl azuka. Provisions, 

A ajJI izum, Idumea. 

P jjjiJl azun, Thus, in that manner. 

A !j^Ci\ izawiy. Relating to \t>\ iza, Whenever. 

A t_jl*43l azhab, (pi. of i_^J za/t«i!>) Particles 
of gold. Izhab, (v. n. 4 of ■,. -fe^) Ordering or 
permitting to go. Removing, driving away, car- 
rying off. Destroying. Gilding. 

A Jl» j) (>/iaZ, (v.n. 4 of ^JA J) Causing to forget. 

A ^jUi3\ azhan, (pi. of ^^J zihn) Geniuses. 
Memories. Jzhdn, (v. n. 4 of j^iJ) Causing to for- 
get. Occupying, drawing ofi'the attention. 

( 51 ) 

A ijii\ aza\ (v. n. of (_jiJl) Being injured, re- 
ceiving damage. Injury, harm, annoyance, impe- 
diment, inconvenience. Dirt, nastiness. Hair and 
filth on the head of a new-bom infant, which is 
shaved on the seventh day. Rubbish. Azl, In- 
jured, vexed, hurt, offended. Hurtful, injurious. 
(A camel) untractable, skittish, restless, impatient. 
A t/J| azly, (pi. (|]|yiilj\ awaziy) A wave. 
A (Jiil aziy. Injured, hurt, vexed. Offended. 
Hurtful, injurious, oppressive. 

A ~.Wii\ azydkh, (pi. of ^i zikh) Male hyenas 
(especially very hairy). Wolves. Stallions. Cer- 
tain reddish stars. Prides. 

A Jb j\ azydl, (pi. of Jj.i zayl) Skirts, tails, 
ends, borders of a garment. The lower parts of 
any thing. Appendices. The long tails of animals 
(as of lions or oxen). The meanest of men. Tracks 
made in sand by trailing skirts. Izydl, (v. n. 4 of 
Jiii for Jj.i) Having a long tail, skirt, or train. 

A t— *>ii\ azyab, Abundant (water). Fright. 
Cheerfulness, joyousness. 

A Wiil aziyat, (fem.) Skittish, untractable. 
A »ij)\ aziyat, (v. n. of ijh\) Injuring, hurting. 
Injury, harm, damage, nuisance, hurt, wrong, loss. 
P (j5/)« <>— *i'^^ azi?/a<-/«am«,Oppressors, tyrants. 
P (jlJ.ii I dz'ish, A door-sill. Chips, rubbish. 
A Jji\ azyul, (pi. of Jji zayV) Trains. 
P [^.lil dzin, Custom, common usage, institu- 
tion, rite, ceremony. Decoration. A churn. 

A (j^i^azjw, (v.n. of jjj\) Permitting. A crier. 
Summons to prayer. The place to which such sum- 
mons extends (as a street, or a parish). A sponsor, 
surety. Permission. The ear. Uzayn, (dim. of 
yii\ uzn) A little handle or ear. A slight percep- 
tion, a little knowledge ; intimation, inkling. 

Pjl dr. If. (Imperative of ^^Jjjl dwardan) 
Bring thou. (In comp.) Bringing; a bringer. 
Imperative of (^^Uu^l drastan, To be able. 
Ajl dr, Reproach, disgrace, shame. 
P j\ dr, without madda, when added to the 3d 
pers. sing. pret. of certain verbs forms abstract 
nouns : as, j\3; raftdr, Going, gait, walking, from 
Oi; raft. He went ; JcsS gufldr, Speech, from 
tl*ft^ guft. He said. Also, nouns of agency or ad- 
jectives : as, j^ii^Jj-i- khariddr, A purchaser ; 
j\jOiW padiddr. Manifest. 

vJ\ar(JoTS\agar)lL A saw. Dregs of oil. 
A jl arr, (v. n. of^^) Driving on, stimulating, 
impelling, urging ; driving off. Voiding thin ex- 
crement. Dropping, falling (dung). Kindling, 
lightingfire. Resounding, shoutingin triumph (par- 
ticularly an insolent fellow at the gaming-board). 
Thrusting in the branch mentioned below. A twig 
rubbed with salt and thrust into the matrix of a she- 
camel to excite a desire for the male. Coitus. 

p 5^1 ara, (incomp. from(;jij*>)^l a/'OAtow) Em- 
bellishing, adorning. Ornament, \j I (jJj^ maj- 

lis-drd, Gracing the banquet. \j\ i^-^ jahdn- 
drd, (or \j\ Jlp ^aZam-am) Adorning the world, 
ornament of the universe, the most noble, excel- 
lent, eminent, renowned. 

A Aj I drds or > \j\ arsdf, (pi. of ^^1^ vary) Opi- 
nions, coimsels, doctrines, views. 

A Aj\ inds, (v. n.4toi^j\j) Shewing, exhibit- 
ing. Doing any thing to be seen and heard. Be- 
coming intelligent. Being evident and apparent 
in a person's face (stupidity). Looking in a glass. 
Moving the eye-lids in looking. Being remarkable 
(the comeliness of one's appearance). Making an 
awful example of. Planting a standard. Giving 
signs of pregnancy by having a large udder (a ca- 
mel or ewe). Being possessed by a demon. Being 
hurt in the lungs. Following the opinions of cer- 
tain theologians or lawyers. Turning the tip of his 
nose towards his throat (a camel). 

A iAj\ irdsdt, (v. n. 4 of i^\)) Showing, exhi- 

biting, p ^^dji i_^jj LUAj\ irdsati ruy hardan, 
To show the face. 

A i^\j I drdb, (pi. of (_->^^ irb) The members, 

hands, feet, &c. Blistei's, pimples. (_^ ■^^r 
t_-''jl iUfu> as sujud fcila' sab^at drdbin, Adora- 
tion on seven members, a mode of worship custo- 
mary among the Muhammadans, the hands, knees, 
feet, and forehead touching the ground. 

A ^\j\ irmb, (v. n. 4 of i 

^Ij) Closing, fillins 

A'iS\j\ ardbat, (v.n.of t-,^^) Becoming shrewd, 
acute. Irabdt, (v. n. 4 of i_->\; for ^jj) Thick- 
ening (milk), (v. n. 4 of c— >^ for i— *^j) Becom- 
ing doubtful. Doubting, suspecting. Causing to 
doubt and suspect. Attributing suspicion to any 
one. Observing something scandalous and suspici- 
ousinthebehaviourofanyone. Doubt. Suspicion. 

P ig^'—^AJi ardhchi, (or ^^j£ isS\j\ ardba-kash) 
A carter, a waggoner. 

p »j\,\ ardba, A waggon, a cart. A wheel. 

A \^\j\ irds. Fire. Fuel. 

A 'r\j\ar'tdj, A liar, tale-bearer, breed-bate. 

A J.»-lj\ «m;jZ, (pi. of J.a-j) Foot-men. Men. 

A ^s?-]^Wrq;i/t, Deserts, plains. The swinging 
motion of camels when they travel with a short step. 

A^^\j\ ardjtz, (pl.of »J^j\ mjuzat,) Poems 
consisting of verses called }=-j rajaz. 

A ' °'-- 

\ ardjif. False rumours. 


A tS^\^ I'-f^'fih (p'-of (J^ 7'ajil) Persons on 
foot ; infantry. Hunters, fowlers. 

A «5>-^\ irdhat, (v. n. 4 of _1^ for — jj) Giving 
rest. Bringing cattle home in the evening. Pay- 
ing a debt. Breathing. Smelling. Discovering 
the odour of a man (game). Smelling an agreea- 
ble odour. Stinking (flesh or watei'). Taking tlie 
air. Being refreshed, reviving after toil. Dying. 
Entering into the wind. Receiving a kindness. 

A 'T-^j^ irdhh, A wild ox. A deer. 

A 'iJi,-^\j\ ardhhinat, (pi. of jjj=»-i\) Archons. 

p ^^Si^\)\ aralihidan, To rest. 
p ii\j\ ararf, Name of an angel presidingoverthe 
twenty-fifth day of each month ; also the twenty- 
fifth day of each month. 

A 'iii\j\ iradat, (v.n. 4 oiii\j for lijj) Wishing, 
■willing, purposing : desire, will, inclination, inten- 
tion, purpose, design. Discipleship. f\^ C^l)\j\ 
iradati khuda, The will of God. lo"^ CJii]j\ ira- 
dat kardan, To wish, desire, will, intend. 

p fti\3i>\_^\ iradatana, Voluntarily, cheerfully. 

p SiJJJ C^^\j\ iradat-banda, A free servant. 

p y^.J^O JljV(7-a(/a<-(/M««,Devoted: a scholar. 

■^ i/'^l'^ M'ac?I, Willingness. 

A \^^\^ arazil, (pi. of Jj^l arzal) Low, mean. 

A jljl artar, A sound used to call cattle. 

A 'ij^j\ irarat, (v. n. 4ofj)j) Causing marrow 
to be thin and to stink. 

A i^j'iJ'J' araris, (or "LmJj^ ararisai) (pi. of 
(»»J 1^ in'is) Farmers, husbandmen. 

A (j«4;\;^ araris, (pi. of (j«Jjl) Fanners. 

p (O'J.jl;^ ararin, (in zand and Paz.) Ugly, bad. 

p i^^j\ arazish, Boimty, charity, alms. 

Ai^jt>\j\ arsas, Large-headed (sheep). Arsus, 
(pi. of i,,jt^j rass) Heads. Chiefs, princes. 

p lL)jm\\j\ drastak, A swallow. 

p (^XmUl arastaiji, Ornament, embellishment, 
decoration. Order, arrangement. 

p ^j\jj*l)l arastan, To adorn, decorate, embel- 
lish. To set in order. 

p «I*>>l^t arasta, Adorned, decorated, embel- 
lished. Arranged. An idol temple. 

A (^]j\ arMsh, Hairy about the face and ears 
(a camel). Weak. 

A \^\)\ amz, (pi. of (_>o,l a?-a:) Earths, grounds. 

A i^\J\ iraz, A carpet of coarse wool or hair. 
Broad, wide, spacious. 

A 'L6\j\ arazat, (v. n. of {^j\) Being clean, 
pleasant, and agreeable to the eye (land). Jrazat, 
(v. n. 4 of {^^j for \Jo^J) Abounding in gardens. 
Being full of water (a cistern or river). Supply- 
ing plentifully with water, soaking, saturating. 
Collecting, flowing together on account of the 
moisture of a place (water). Pouring milk upon 
milk. Drinking a second time. 

A 1^^]^ arazi, (pi. of {^j\ arz') Lands. 

A /i»]^l arata' or arafi, (pi. of ^^J\ arta') 
Trees of a particular species which grow in sandy 
soils, with the fruit of which they feed camels, 
and, with the bark, tan hides. iaU jj zu aratin, 
Name of a place, where numbers of such trees 
grow. Urata, Name of a town. 

A 'is\j\ ira^t, (v. n. 4 of clj for »^j) Being 
redundant. Having food in abundance. Growing 
btrong (corn). Increasing, multiplying (camels). 

A Jj^S-ljl ara^l, (pi. of 'i^j ra^ai) Troops or 
herds (of horse or oxen) from 20 to 25, or the 
vans of such herds. Female ostriches Those 

( 52 ) 

parts of the ears of sheep or camels, which, being 
slit, hang flagging down. Tall palm-trees. Palm- 
trees bearing spoilt dates. Families, domestics, 
especially when numerous. Prepuces. 

A 6S-\j\ ira/jhat, (v. n. 4 of clj for cjj) Peti- 
tioning, requesting, desiring, wishing. 

A ftjy »Va/«<,(v.n.4of uJ]; for i_i^j) Abound- 
ing in pasturage. 

A ^\j\ urah, Jaundice. 

A mU irakat, (v. n. 4 of jU for ^jj or J^) 
Spilling, shedding, pouring forth. 

A J>lj\ ardkhn, Persons belonging to the tribe 
of Arkam. (pi. of Ji} arkam) Speckled serpents. 

Q ^]} ardku, A species of wild pulse. 

P '^y I drah, An island. 

A uiJlj\ ardh, (pi. ^S uruh and cibU 
ai-dtik) A kind of salt and bitter tree, with the 
fruit and leaves of which they feed camels, and 
with the roots and branches they make dentifrices. 
A piece of ground. 

G ^\j\ ardlid, A kind of nut, which, when chewed 
with betel-leaves and fine lime, strengthens the sto- 
mach, and gives an agreeable flavour to the breath. 

A ^\J\araka' , (pi. of is^\ay«7ja<)(She camels) 
griped from eating too much of the tree cil\;^ ardh. 

A ^^i\\ ardkth, Female privities. 

A 'i^i)j\ ardlnyat, Camels feeding on tilU. 

A (;jO^\ ardliin, (pi. of i^j^ arkdn, which is 
pi. o{f^ij ruhri) Columns. Chief personages. 

A Jl^\ arful, (pi. of (_J^_j Tcaral) Lybian lizards. 

p fttj I dram, Rest, tranquillity, peace, quiet, re- 
pose, cessation, inaction. Power. Obedience, sub- 
jection. A garden (especially in a city). A dwell- 
ing-place. jjO\j|«J^t a?'aTO <^a(ia«, To give rest, 
pacify, make easy, calm. (JiJ/ f^j I drdm girif- 
<o». To take rest. To be patient. ^j\ ^bldrdm. 
Restless, uneasy. (In compos.) Tranquillizing : 
as, fSj\ Jii dil-drdm, Heart-easing. 

A J\j\ di-dm, (pi. of t,j\ iram and arim) Stones 
erected in the desert for the direction of travellers, 
(pi. of Oj rism) White deer. m\j\ ji zu rdmd, 
Name of a spot where are stones piled by li^ fdd. 

A Aji arsdm, (pi. of |»>) rimC) White deer. 
Unicorns ? Indm, (v. n. 4 of ^J) Rendering in- 
clined, moving the affi9ctions. Disgusting. Clos- 
ing up (a wound). Twisting tight (a rope). 

A ^^ ar^am, Fonder, fondest of one's young. 

A ^j\ ardm, Name of the father of the first or 
last lils- idd, or name of their city, or name of their 
mother, or name of their tribe. A proper name. 
The part where the sides of the head meet before. 

Pjoi^^y 1 drdmdnidan, To cause to be quiet. 

p yb j,\j\ a?-a»t-Ja«ii,( Calm princess) A name. 

p i^ft^j 1 drdmban, A garden within a city. 

P (ji^l) I drdmdan. To rest, repose. 

P d*M»jii(«\^l amTO-<io«<,Lovingease; indolent. 

p (jiU\^ I drdmkh, Quiet, repose, rest. (jt««^l 


lib drdmishi had, A calm. 

p »U> AT drdm-shdh, (Peace-king) Name of 
a Mogul emperor. 

p (_Jii9 (.\jT drdm-talab. Seeking ease ; idle. 

pji<\J\ drdm-kdr, A lazy person, one who does 

not work unless ordered. One who does a thing 

slowly. Tedious, patient. Sedate. A sluggard. 

p i[L\J\ drdm-ffdh, (or »X«\;1 drdm-f/ah) Iht 
time or place of rest. A calm, peaceable, secure 
dwelling. A bed-chamber. l\Lo\j\ (^j^jii^Jir-, (Resting in Paradise) An epithet 
of Muhammad Shah. 

A J-«5;\ ardmil, (or 'iif«\j\ ardmilat) (pi. of J-«;\ 
armal) Widowed. Distressed, poor, in want of 
victuals. (pi. QVe!>ycj\ urmulat) Pieces of the 
thorny plant J^ ^rfaj. 

A 'iJx^\j\ ardminat, (pi. of ^^j^) Armenian?. 

G i^Yo\)^ ardmuni, The anemone. 

p ^\j\ drdmi, Peace, calmness, repose, rest. 

p iia*^jT drdrnid, He rested. Thanksgiving. 

p ^jSj^]j\ drdmidan, To rest, repose, cease, 
desist, settle, sleep. To cause to revolve. To give. 

p »iiJk*\jT drdmtda, Quieted, calmed, rested. 

A Jji*\j\ ardmil, (pi. of J-«,\ armal and «lc;\ 
armalut) Widowers. Widows, (pi. of «3^\ ur- 
viulat) Stumps of the shrub j^ ^rfaj after the 
branches have been lopped ofi". 

p ^JiJ\ drdn, Name of a city. The elbow. 

A ^JiJ\ irdn, (v. n. of f^j\) Being lively, joyous, 
vivacious. (v. n. 3 of ^^j\) Exulting against. 
Longing for the cow (a bull). A bier. (pi. ^^^ 
Mnm) The den of a wild beast. A sword. »LS» 
(j^\ shdtu irdnin, A bull. 

p ^j\ arrdn, Privet. 

A ^jVjil arrdn or ^j\j\ ardn, Name of a small 
district, by some comprehended in Armenia, by 
others made a distinct province, between Azarbay- 
jan (Media) and Gurjistan (Georgia). Name of 
a castle in Kazwin. (for j^];»- han-dn) Name of 
a town in Mesopotamia. 

A «— *^);^ ardnib, (pi. of t— *>_;^ ar?tah) Hares. 

A 'i^\j\ irdnat, (v. n. 4 of ^J\) for (j>.j) Losing 
many sheep by a miu'rain. 

A ^\j\ ardrii, (pi. of «_.<b>^\ arnab) Hares. 
Urana', A grain used for curdling milk. 

A 'i^\j\ ardniyat, A plant of the species (^j^^ 
haviz having a tall trunk. 

P iWj];^ ardwand. Grief, regret. Desire, wish. 
The Tigris. Splendour, pomp, grandeur. Name 
of a mountain in Hamadan. 

A (^j]j\ ardrciy, (pi. of *?jj\ urmyat) She 
mountain-goats (from 3 to 10). 

A «fj\;^ ardniih, (pi. of ^.j rth) Winds. 

G i\j\ ardh. Mastic. 

A iosAS ardhit, (or IxJe^^ ardhii) (pi. of la* i 
raht) Any number of men below ten living toge- 
ther without women. Enemies. 

P (^U arai/, Adorn, (in comp.) Adorning. 

A t/Uajva', More or most apt, proper, worthy. 

p (jii-i^.^ 1 arayamdan, To cause to adorn. 

p (jiJ.U arayish, Ornament, embellishment. 
Custom, law, institute. Name of a note in music. 
SiMj^ U*^-!)' o.rayishi khwurshed, Name of a 
note in music. A mole on the face, jjii/ LT^-l) ' 
arayish hardan, To adorn. jjJj^ U^.l) ' o,rayi- 
»hi majlis, The ornament of the assembly. 

A LibU arank, (pi. of tilU ara/f) Certain 
trees on which they feed camels, (pi. of 'i^.Ji arl- 
hat^ Thronei?, sofas. 

p St>jo\jl a»'a^2wrfa, Ornamenting: a decorator. 

A ^)j> arayih, (pi. of ^ , nK) Winds. 

p (jiiJo];! arandan, To adorn, decorate. 

p JiJJoU araiida, Ornamented, adorned. 

A L-Jjl araba, (fut. (-r*)^. yatribu) He tied. 

A u_J,l anfta, (fut. \^j\>_yarrihu) He had need. 

A ^j\ arh, (v. n. of t--^l) Tying a knot. 
Striking on a limb. The space between the index 
and the second finger. Jrh, (pi. (— -»\, I arab or 
(-jM arsab) Skill, knowledge, industry, prudence, 
sagacity, wisdom. Religion. Want, need. Wick- 
edness, dishonesty, disingenuousness, fallacy, per- 
fidy. A member, limb. Membrum genitale, Urb, 
The small-sized young of any animal as soon as it 
is bom. Shrewdness, sagacity. Arab, (v. n. of 
i_^^) Being accustomed, exercised. Falling down, 
being languid and useless (the limbs). Being am- 
putated (the hand). Oppressing, being severe (for- 
tune). Being foul and corrupt (the stomach). 
Need, necessity. Wanting, needing, asking or 
searching for any thing necessary. Skill, know- 
ledge, intellect. Lih_Si, f^ '--*^;^ aribta min ya- 
dayka or uiJbiV ^j'i ^^ <^W)^ aribta fan zi ya- 
dayha, May thy hands fall dead. Arib, Expert, 
skilled, sagacious, sly, cunning, shrewd, wise, in- 
telhgent. Irab, (v. n. of f^X) Being shrewd, 
intelligent, and clever. Urab, (pi. of 'ij\ ui-bat) 
Knots. Necessary affairs. 

A A)}, arbai, (pi. of ^ rabrv) Crowds, multi- 
tudes. Irba^, (v. n. 4 of bj f or jij) Taking in- 
terest. Augmenting, multiplying. Exceeding. 
A (— .»^^ arbab, (pi. of lII', rabb) Lords, mas- 
ters, possessors, t ^ ^-"' i—jbj^ arbabi taghallub, 
Superiors, conquerors. \XmC >— ^^j^ arbabi tamytz, 
Judicious, discerning, prudent. Xii '-r'V;^ arbabi 
t'tmar, Pensioners, i^xf^ J "W" '-r'V;^ arbabi jah 
n tamhin, Possessed of dignity and power, i— -'^^ 
0^ arbabi khirad, Sage, intelligent. /o\j^.ii '-r'Vi^ 
arbabi diwan, Counsellors. {^^^ '-r'V)^ arbabi 
mhhwn, Eloquent orators. uiJ^Li* t— -J^^ arbabi 
sulnk, Devout, observers of religious precepts, 
j^b ^j\sL>o I— ->bj\ arbabi mfan batin, Endowed 
with purity, of a contemplative and holy life. 
_,*b,\ arbabi santat, Artificers, artisans. 

( 53 ) 

JUi J J*. L->l*f*^ J JLailj J-iii (-->b,^ arbabi 
fazl u afzal, wa as-habi tilm u liamal, Persons of 
merit and learning. ^Jl** t—^bj^ arbabi mafdli, 
Grandees, eminent men. ,Jk*o t^b,! arbabi 
ma^na', Spiritual persons. lI1a/<Xc '-r^Q .\ arbabi 
mah-umat, Most clement lords. l»\-ij '-r'Vj^ <*''" 
babi nashat, Dancers and singers. Cl*ifc S-*Vj^ 
arbabi himmat, High-minded, liberal (persons). 
Irbab, (v. n. 4 of l1^) Coming near unto. Re- 
maining in one place. Keeping close to the male. 
Blowing without interruption (the south wind). 
A •J^j' ii'baj, A begetting dwarfish children. 
A r^J^ irbah, (v. n. 4 of ^j) Rendering pro- 
fitable and gainful. Killing a young camel to pro- 
vide an entertainment for one's guests. Milking 
(a camel) at mom and noon. 

A ji'Vj^ irbakh, (v. n. 4 of ^_j) Purchasing a 

female slave who is subject to faintmg fits in coitu. 

Being heaped up (sand). Falling into misfortune. 

A (ibj\ irbaz, (v. n. 4 of jjj) Amputating. 

Making a scourge. 

AjU,\ irhaz, (v. n. 4 ofJJj) Rendering sharp 
and clever. Appearing fat (a ram). 

A 0"Vj^ irbdsh, (v. n. 4 of (jiJ;) Budding, 
bursting forth into leaf (a tree). 

■* l_>^^^ arbazy (pi. of {joi. rabaz) Wives. 
Houses or places where the people reside. Irbaz, 
(v. n. 4 of (_|aJj) Folding (sheep). Furnishing 
with necessaries. Satisfying people (a vessel) im- 
til they become heavy and lie down to sleep. 
Shining in his full strength (the sun). 

A cb,\ arba^ (pi. of *J, rab^ Houses, man- 
sions (particularly for the spring-season), (pi. of 
XJj rub^ Fourth parts, (pi. of *-^ rubaf) Ca- 
mels' colts dropped in the spring, (pi. of ^^b. 
raba^) Animals that have shed the tooth s^b. 
rabd^yat, Irbdf, (v. n. 4 of «J,) Having camels 
which drink on the fourth day. Being four in 
number. Attacking (as a quartan fever). Suffer- 
ing from a quartan fever. Asking ; then going off 
and coming again. Allowing a camel to drink his 
fill. Rising four (a sheep), five (a cow and hoi-se), 
and seven (a camel). Indulging much in venery. 
Rushing impetuously to a watering-place (a large 
multitude of men and camels). Being close, im- 
pervious (a she-camel). Entering upon the vernal 
season. Turning (cattle) out to spring-pasture. 
Dwelling in a spring-habitation. Begetting chil- 
dren in the decline of life. Breeding the teeth 
called 'ktsXij rabafiyat. 

A tb .\ ii-bagh, A letting camels drink their fill. 
A |jb,\ arbak, (pl.of&Hj,) Halters with nooses. 
A Jb,\ irbal, (v. n. 4 of (J^) Producing trees 
in leaf, or verdant grass in autumn. 

A jjjbj^ irbdn, (v. n. 4 of ^^j) Giving earnest 
money. Urban, Arabians. Earnest-money. 
A i^\ irbat, Want, indigence. Skill, know- 

ledge, sagacity, cunning, stratagem. The privities. 
Urbat, A hard knot. Want, need. Any thing 
necessary to be done, indispensable business. Skill, 
sagacity. A collar, whatever is round the neck by 
way of ornament. The eye of the fetter or stake, 
with, or to which, they fasten the feet of cattle. 

aribbat, (pi. of »-^b, ribdb) Confederate 

A w 

tribes, (pi. of tSj rihbat or rubbat) Great multi- 
tudes, myriads. 

A Li..>UJ,i irbisds,A being divided, or scattered. 

A i^y^j^ irbijdn, Name of a plant. 

A i>J)i arJad, A deadly kind of serpent. A lion. 

A C)'\i^j\ irbiddd,(\. n.9 of ^j) Being of a dusty 
colour. Shining with a black and white colour. 
A (_>ttL«Jjl irbisds, (v. n. 9 of ^jmJ,) Travelling 
over the earth. Being weak (any business) so that 
the parties concerned separate and disperse. Being 
angry with each other. Having power, exercising 
controul. Delaying, lagging behind. 

A (jiJj^ ai-bash, Various or changing coloured. 

A ^j\ arbai, (fem.) Four. (_$«• ,J^ >b«- 
K^J^jdta yamsht fola' arbatin, He came walking 
on all fours. Arbu^ (pi. of *J, rabQ Houses, 
vernal mansions. 

A -*uJj\ arba^s, arbi^, or arbuias, Wednes- 
day. Arbi^s, (pi. of *^j rabt^ Spring-seasons. 
Vernal months called «^j rabl^ Rivulets. Ur- 
bu^s, Sitting square. A tent-pole. •*V«J,^^ Si3 
ka^da'larba^f, (orurbuMi,/) He sat four square. 
"^'J^^ Clo baytun wbu^wd^, Ateiit supported 
by one, two, three, or four poles ; a house having 
so many columns. 

A 01-*Ujj\ arba^sdt, Wednesdays. 

A ij'-^v«Jj\ arbaiasdni, Two Wednesdays. 

A (_^jUJj\ urbuMKtt', A sitting square. 

A ««Jj\ arba^at, (mas.) Four. Both hands and 
feet. The four legs of a quadruped. Arbifat, (pi. 
of *jJ) rabtf) Spring-seasons or harvests. 

AjiS' «j«J.i arba^at foshai-a, (mas.) Fourteen, 

A fj^j^ ai-ba^na,(oh\.i^j\)t>j\ arba^na)Fortj. 

A ijj\ arbagh, Much, many, abundant. 

A i^)jj\ arbak, (pi. Lib, nibli) (A camel) dark- 
coloured, or very black about the ears and sides, 
and darkish elsewhere. 

A Jj,\ arbal, Clothed afresh in autumn (a tree). 
Irbil, Arbela in Mesopotamia, famous for the de- 
feat of Darius by Alexander the Great. Sidon. 

p _jJ.i arbu, A pear, 

p \Xis>-y)J\ arbujind, (in zand and Pazand) A 
water-melon. An island. 

Pj\^^J\ arbu-ddr, A pear-tree. 

A (j^^ urbUn, Earnest-money. A price. 

A \i^j\arbund. The town of Narbonne in France. 

A l^J\ urba', Misfortune, vexatious affair, evil. 

G ^jrt_yJu-»L>j\ arbiydsayik. Name of a doctor. 

A ^J^.^ irbiydn, A little white fish common at 
Basra : a prawn, shrimp, lobster. A sort of pot-herb. 


A «JL>j\ nrbii/at, The top of the thigh which 
joins the liip, the groin. A family of relations, as 
cousins-german, &c. 

p ^ .\ arliita, (in zand and Pazand) A roof. 

A ^\t^,j\ irhtsas, (v. n. 11 of t-Lo,) Being 
weak and dilatory. Being impeded and restrained. 

A 0\ii^Ji irhidad, (v. n. 11 of .W,) Being of a 
dusty, ashy colour. Shining with black and white. 

A i^^^\ irhViak, (v. n. 11 of Libj) Retiring, 
desisting. Being puzzled, confused (the wits). 

A 'ij I arat, Name of a mountain in Arabia. 
'ij I (^j\. madl arat, Name of a river in Spain. 

A 'ij\irat, (pi. C^\j\ irat, ^^JJ\ h-unaovurvMo) 
A fire-place, a hearth. Fire, heat. Dried flesh. 
Meat cooked in rough tripe, a haggess. Meat 
steeped in vinegar, and carried on a journey. 

A lj\ irrat, Fire. 

p Oj I arat, A cubit. The elbow. 

A C^ j^ aratt, Stammering. A stammerer. 

p \5.\ arta, (in zand and Pazand) A country. 

A f-\i\ irta^, (v. n. 4 of \5,) Smiling, laughing. 

A i-->\3,\ irtab, (v. n. 4 of t— ^) Begging after 
having been rich. Being poured out. 

A C^\5.\ irtat, A causing to stammer. 

A _\3jl irtaj, (v. n. 4 of ^) Shutting (a door). 
Being shut (a door, the womb). Having an egg 
completely formed (a hen). Being in foal (an ass). 
Stammering. Rolling with a heavy swell (the sea). 
Being very barren (a year). Being abundant (a 
year). Snowing continually. 

A C.*J5>U-15,1 artahasht, Artaxerxes. 

A c\j,\ artdf, A multitude. Irtdf, (v. n. 4 of 
«Jj) Turning into a good pasture. Producing 
abundance of grass (rain). 

p ij^^ urtah, (in Khwarazm) A merchant. 

A <Jji\iS irtdk, A causing to run. A smiling. 

A Jd} irtdm, (v. n. 4 of £j) Tying a thread 
round the finger, in order to be reminded by it of 
something. Having a fat bunch (a young camel). 

A -^UiJil irtibdi, (v. n. 8 of U,) Keeping watch, 
looking out. Ascending a watch-tower. Appear- 
ing from a height, impending, overhanging. 

A L-'USjl irtihah, (v. n. 8 of (Jl^) Educating. 

A Lt^loj! irtibas, A being divided or scattered. 

AjUi,\ irtildz, (v.n. 8 ofJJ.) Being full, com- 
plete, perfect. 

A (jj^j^ irtibas, (v.n.8 of (juJ,) Being mixed. 
Being close and compact (flesh, or bunch of grapes). 

A 1*\-J.l irtibdt, (v.n. 8 of laJ,) Binding. Being 
tied. Equipping a horse for battle. PjjOji laLj.! 
irtibdt hardan, To form a connexion or alliance. 

A *^1 irtibdt, (v. n. 8 of XJ.) Growing fat 
on spring grass. Passing the vernal season. Lift- 
ing up a stone to try one's strength. Sitting four 
square. Being arrived (the season for gathering 
dates). Running violently (a camel). 

A J^' irtibdk, (v. n. 8 of ^jij) Being held 

( 54 ) 

fast in a noose (a doe). Being entangled in an in- 
tricate business. 

A tiJtSjl irtibdlt, (v. n. 8 of cdbj) Being mixed, 
confused, thrown into the mire. Stammering. En- 
deavouring to get loose from the toils of a hunter. 
Finding (an afiair) intricate and embarrassing. 

A J\J,\ irtihdl, (v. n. 8 of Jjj) Being abun- 
dant (riches), being numerous (camels). 

A 'i3Ji urtat, The crest of a chameleon. 

A r^J' irtitdj, A pronouncing with difficulty. 

A Ji\:5j\ irtitdk, (v.n. 8 of Jij) Being stitched, 
or closed up. Being impervious (a female). 

A JciJ\ irtitdm, (v. n. 8 of i,) Having a string 
tied round the finger to remind one of any thing. 

A ^\5j\ irtisds, (v. n. 8 of j_|j) Being thick and 
somewhat acid (milk). Drinking the coagulated 
milk sajJj rasuat. Perplexing, confusing, em- 
broiling (a business). 

A i^\5j\ irtisds, (v. n. 8 of l1»j) Being carried 
ofi"the field of battle half-dead. 

A i5lS,\ irtisdd, (v. n. 8 of liSj) Laying or piling 
(wares or furniture) side by side. 

A ^\:^j\ irtijds, A hoping. A fearing. 

A p^ji irtijdj, (v. n. 8 of Ij) Shaking. Dash- 
ing (the waves of the sea). Agitation, tremor. 

A r-^J^ irtijdh, (v.n. 8 of ^J) Being moved 
to and fro (a swing). Travelling with a swinging 
motion (a camel). Shaking (fat buttocks). 

x'\£j\ irtijdz, (v. n. 8 of j>-j) Composing or 
reciting a poem with the metre called J»-j rajaz. 
Rumbling (thunder). 

A (_)-l^^ irtijds, (v. n. 8 of i^j-^-J) Being 
shaken. Thundering. Braying (a camel). 

A f^J^ irtijdj (v. n. 8 of j?-j) Carrying back. 
Receiving back. Selling (a camel) and buying 
another with the proceeds of the sale. 

A Jls^l irtijdl, (v. n. 8 of Jp-j) Placing under 
one's feet. Holding (the wood Mj zand) between 
one's hands and feet. Suspending by one or both 
feet. Speaking extempore. Being alone in any 
business. Ambling (a horse). Collecting many 
locusts to roast. Cooking in a large copper. Being 
singular in one's opinion. i^M»-j (Jj^l irtajil rij- 
laka. Mind yoiir business. 

Ay^S irtijdlan,BxtemTpoTe, unpremeditatedly. 

A /J^j^ ii-tijdm, A being heaped together. 

A ^J^J\ irtijdn, (v. n. 8 of ^y^j) Being con- 
fused and difiicult to arrange. Not coagulating, 
but turning sour (milk). Accumulating, being 
closely packed. Abiding. 

p ^.iX^S irtajah or irtajih. Lightning. 

A ^ji>\^S irtihdz, The being much ashamed. 

A Jl^) irtihdl, (v. n. 8 of J^) Departing. 
Travelling. Saddling (a camel). Migration. 

A ^S artakh, Dry, parched, unmoist (skin). 

A ^^^ irtikhdk, (v. n. 8 of Ij) Being loose, 
lax, languid. Being distracted, perplexed (counsel ) . 

A ijX0j\ irtikhdsh, (v. n. 8 of tj^j) Being 
agitated, disturbed, confused. 

A O^'^j^ irtikhds, (v.n. 8 of uci^j) Buying 
cheap. Reckoning cheap, regarding as such. 

A ASij\ irtiddf, (v. n 8 of ^j^) Putting on a 
cloak or mantle. Putting on a leathern girdle. 

A C>\Sij\ irtiddd, (v.n. 8 of S,) Turning back, 
Apostatizing, becoming a renegado. Refusing, 
Opposing. Apostacy. p ^^iJ}\ i:>'\Sij\irtiddddwar- 

A t\^) irtiddf (v. n. 8 of ^ij) Abstaining. 
Being driven back. Being defiled, tinged, stained. 

A i.\S>j\ irtiddgh, A falling into the mire. 

A uJl j5j^ irtiddf, (v. n. 8 of (_JJj) Riding be- 
hind another on the same beast. Following. Pur- 
suing. Taking one up to ride behind one's self. 

A ^J^SiJ\ irtiddn, A making of a spindle. 

A Ay>j\ ii-tizds, (v. n. 8 of \jj) Overtaking (as 
a calamity), diminishing, impairing (a man's pro- 
perty). Experiencing a diminution. Diminution, 
decrease, detriment. 

A\\yj\ irtizdz, (v. n. 8 of Jj) Sticking (as an 
arrow in the mark). Being close-fisted, refusing 
to give. Being contracted, shrivelled, or puckered. 
Being penitent. Stinginess. 

A ^\yj\ irtizdk, (v. n. 8 of Jjj) Gaining a live- 
lihood. Receiving a stipend, or ration. 

A (^_yXJ>j\ irtisds, (v. n. 8 of (ji,) Being di- 
vulged, circulated, spread abroad (news). 

A iLJ,\ irtisdgh, (v. n. 8 of j-*,) Enlarging 
one's expenses, being liberal to one's household. 

A i_JUJj^ irtisdf, A being raised or elevated. 

A *LJj\ irtisdm, (v. n. 8 of ^j) Fleeing (to 
God) for refuge. Being proud and haughty. 
Yielding obedience to an order. Wishing or re- 
questing to withhold. Reciting the praises of God. 
Prayer, invocation. A distinguishing mark, what- 
ever is eminent or remarkable. A^j^ Cfjtai 
nusrat-irtisdm, Victorious, famous for victory. 
i«L«3j\ CJiiy* mawaddat-irtisdm, Affectionate, 
benevolent, friendly. 

A ( 'i\su^\ irtisfdf, A being raised or elevated. 

A >UJ,\ irtishdt, (v. n. 8 of 12*^ for^^,) Re- 
ceiving a bribe (a judge). 

A ( JLSJ,\ ii-tishdf, A sipping, a sucking. 

A f^'^J^ irtisdf, (v. n. 8 of Mj ) Being closely 
set (the teeth). Bruising between two stones. 
Sticking fast. 

A |5LaJi\ irtisdk, An adhering firmly. 

A *LoJ^\ irtizdk, (v. n. 8 of i^o.) Approving. 
Choosing, consenting, accepting. 

A _LaJj\ irtizdk, (v. n. 8of^*.) Apologizing. 

A XUi)j\ irtizdhh, A speaking inelegantly. 

A iiUiJ.1 irtizdd, (v. n. 8 of i^,) Being ar- 
ranged, placed side by side (wares). 

A ^^-"^^ irtizdf, (v. n. 8 of «*«.) Sucking her- 
self (a she-goat). 

A (•^iaJjl irtitam, (v. n. 8 of j^J) Being trou- 
blesome, perplexing, intricate (business). Being 
pressed closely together. Sinking and sticking 
fast in clay (feet of a quadruped). Being inextri- 
cably entangled, sticking fast. Keeping in dung. 

A •*l*3,\ M-iisaj, (v. n. 8 of (_^) Goingtopasture. 

A L— >Ij«x\ irti^b, (v. n. 8 of t— aC^) Being 
frightened. Alarm. 

A i^lxJjl iriifos, The putting on of ear-rings. 

A jr^J^ ""^'f"/) (j- n- 8 of >pj) Being abun- 
dant (riches, flocks, or children). Being full (the 
bed of a river). Tremor, ti-epidation. 

A ii\j3j\ irti^d, (v. n. 8 of ^j) Trembling, 
quaking with fear. Trepidation. 

A (_>uUij\ h-ti^s, (v. n. 8 of jj«&,) Trembling. 

A iji^[xij\ irti^h, (v. n. 8 of u^^) Trem- 
bling; trepidation. 

A (^IjO,1 irti^, (v. n. 8. of i^jaS'J) Twisting 
himself, wi-ithing (a scotched snake). Being 
beaten (clothes). Being frisky (a kid). Vibrating 
greatly (a lance). Flashing (lightning). Becom- 
ing dear (provisions). 

A (_jlj«3,\ irti^f, (v. n. 8 of i—i^j) Running 
fast, taking the lead. Being strong and powerful. 

A >UJj\ irtighas, (v. n. 8 of IP, for^) Drink- 
ing the froth of milk. 

A l-.>Uj,\ irtighab A desiring, a wishing. 

A {^\jOj\ irtighas, A sucking of the mother. 

A ii\i5j\ irtifad, (v. n. 8 of tij.) Gaining. Gain. 

A ^_>oliJ,^ irtifas, (v. n. 8 of (_>a»j) Being 
tearce and dear (provisions). 

A ft^^ irtifa^ (v. n. 8 of *J,) Raising, ele- 
vating. Being raised, elevated. Culminating. 
Being at high noon (the day). Ceasing, being 
suspended. Citing or going together before a 
jndge. Elevation, height, p ■ "^^j^ , J eli5.\ 
irtifa^far u shamkat, The height of glory and 
magnificence. 9^J^ *^^ 9^ kila^ falak-irti- 
fa^ Castles high as the heavens. {^S f-^j^ ir- 
tifa^giriftan, To take the altitude (of the sun). 

A (_i\i5,\ irtifaf, (v. n. 8 of u-J,) Shining, 
glittering (a colour). 

A j'^^ irtifah, (v. n. 8 of J^) Leaning on 
the elbow, or on a cushion. Associating with, be- 
oming a companion. Being filled (a cistern). 

A f^j\ irtihuf, (v. n. 8 of (Jj) Climbing, 
ascending. Addition, accession, augmentation. 
Ascent, exaltation. Advancement, promotion. 

A t_.^lH3,\ irtihab, (v. n. 8 of u-«5j) Expecting, 
waiting, watching, observing, contemplating. Look- 
ing down from an eminence. 

A (jiuU)^ irtikash, A mixing in battle. 

A ftw.l irtika^, (v. n. 8 of «.) Regarding, 
attending to, minding, caring for. Fearing. 

A i^y^\ irtikan,The being anointed with safii'on. 

A fi'^J irtikas, (v. n. 8 of 1^ for ji^) Confid- 
ing, relying, depending upon. 

oJjl irtikabi mafas'i, Commission of 
'oJ.1 irtikabi 

( 55 ) 

A (— >^^ irtihab, (v.n. 8 of i--«ij) Mounting, 
riding. Attempting, committing. Commission or 
perpetration (of a crime). Undergoing, enduring 

sins, perpetation of crimes. Uj 
zina, Commission of adultery. 

A ^oJj^ irtikah,(y.n.8o{ Jj) Leaning against. 

aJoj,\ irtikaz, (v. n. 8 of J,$^) Throbbing (as 
an artery). Leaning on a bow. Being firm, stable. 

A (jmOJjI irtihds, (v. n. 8 of (j»^) Being in- 
verted, thrown down. Being squeezed into a nar- 
row compass. Falling. Relapsing, backsliding. 
Standing still on the thrashing-floor (an ox). Go- 
ing round and round a centre. 

A ijoOJjl irtikaz, (v. n. 8 of („jo^j) Stirring in 
the womb (a foetus). Being in a flurry and flutter 
at one's work. Agitation, disquietude, amazement. 

A { »0J,\ irtikaf, (v. n. 8 of i— A^) Falling and 

lying on the ground (snow). 

A uiJlCjl irtikak, (v. n. 8 of ^^) Shaking, 
trembling. Being dubious, uncertain. Stammer- 
ing in altercation, though speaking plainly before. 

A i**^^ irtikam, (v. n. 8 of jSJ) Being closely 
packed, heaped, or accumulated. 

A (J^j^ irtihan, (v. n. 8 of i^^J) Reclining. 

A (Jjjl artal, A stammerer, a stutterer. 

A fji artam, A stammerer, a stutterer. 

A ^\cj^ irtimas, (v. n. 8 of ,<«)) Darting forth. 
Shooting (at game). Being thrown. Throwing 
(stones) at one another. Reviling mutually. Cast- 
ing one's self headlong. 

A '\c^ irtimdz, (v. n. 8 of J*,) Trembling from 
a severe blow. Moving to and fro, fluctuating, 
being in commotion in an assembly. 

A ^_)«lf,i irtimas, A plunging, a diving. 

A j_>il^\ irtimaz, (v. n. 8 of <_>**)) Being- 
diseased (the liver). Jumping, leaping, springing. 
Prevailing against, triumphing over, carrying ofi". 
Grieving, disturbing, disquieting. 

A Jlfjl irtimal, (v. n. 8 of ^3^) Being smeared 
(with blood). Being base and contemptible. 

A aV,^ irtimam, (v. n. 8 of ^) Cropping the 
shoots of trees (a cow). Beginning to have a bunch 
(a young camel). 

A iJ^^ irtinah, A staggering from intoxication. 

p i.lAJi1 artang, The house of the famous Per- 
sian painter and religious impostor, named ManI ; 
also his book of drawings, which he shewed to his 
followers as a work given to him by angels. ManT 
himself. A Chinese idol-temple or joss-house. 

A -*)yi^ irtimas, (v. n. 8 of i^jn) Quenching 
one's thirst. Fetching water. Being filled with 
moisture. Being twisted thick. Being thick (joint). 

A •- Vi^ irtimak, (v. n. 8 of —V for --j j) Do- 
ing any work succeeding each other. 

A ^^j\ irtihas, (v. n. 8 of lJ^. for_jfc.) Being 
mixed, confused. 


Aj^J,^ irtikaz, (v. n. 8 ofjfcj) "Wriggling. 

A (^jJ^j\ irtihas, (v. n. 8 of (j«*j) Cutting 
one foot with the other (a horse). Being filled 
with water (a valley). Thronging, crowding. 
Mounting one upon another (locusts). Being 
shaken and agitated. 

A (_)"^^^ irtihask, (v. n. 8 of (ji*;) Cutting 
one foot with the other (a horse). Fighting. Ex- 
tirpating, eradicating. Being slender and weak 
(a bow), the string striking against the belly when 
shooting. A spear-wound inflicted crosswise. Tre- 
mor, trepidation. 

A *> V; ' 'JJ*^ zarvu irtikat, Assembled together. 

A iji)^3,\ irtikak, A weakness or looseness in 
the joints in walking. 

A ^J^J^ irtikan, (v. n. 8 of (j*i) Receiving a 
pledge or hostage. 

A f-\i3j\ irtifus, (v. n. 8 of ij\j) Seeing, look- 
ing into, knowing. Deliberation. 

A L-'l»-3j\ irtisab, (v. n. 8 of U— '^) Joining, 
closing up (chinks). 

A (-->Lo,^ irtiyab, (v. n. 8 of i_->\j for t-^.j) 
Doubting, suspecting. Doubt, uncertainty. 

p iobLj,^ irtiyabana. Doubtfully. 

A -.^^ irtiyak, (v. n. 8 of —\j for --jj) Re- 
joicing ; being glad, leaping for joy. Setting at 
liberty, giving rest from trouble. Compassion, 
mercy. Wine. _\J,^)\^U —\xjO sabah haki- 
ru'l irtiyak, A fine or cheerful morning. 

A ii\j3j\ irtisad, (v. u. 8 of JK) Exulting, re- 
joicing (in riches). 

A Olo,) irtiyad, (v. n. 8 of li^ for lij.) Look- 
ing for a place where to urine (soft and sloping, 
in order not to make a splash and contract defile- 
ment). Seeking, searching (for fodder). 

A (_j>»u_>j^ irtifos, (v. n. 8 of (_)^1,) Becoming 
head or chief. Keeping employed. 

A (^\3J\ irtiyash, (v. n. 8 of i^\ for (^.j) 
Being in easy circumstances, feathering a nest. 

A i^\Jj\ irtiyaz, (v. n. 8 of {^\ for LJ^jj) 
Being broke in (a colt). 

A f^^ irtiya^ (v. n. 8 of c^ for cjj) Fear- 
ing, dreading. Terror. 

A ^j> irtiyagh, (v. n. 8 of e.\j for ij^) Ask- 
ing for. Wishing, desiring, hankering after. 

Pjliiwijo,\ arteskddr, A company of horsemen. 
Name of a river. 

A ti^ 1 dras, Black with white spots (a ram). 

A C^j\ ars, (v. n. of (.1^1) Exciting, stirring up 
(one against another). Kindling (afire). Irs, (v. n. 
of (JIJjj) Succeeding to as heir, inheriting. Inheri- 
tance, heritage, hereditary right. A root. An affair 
ofancient hereditary custom. Ashes. Remains, resi- 
due. Urs, A kind of thorn. Avis, Black with white 
spots(cattle). C/'ra«,Land-marks,boundaries. Knots. 

A ti^l arass. Worn out, falling in pieces. 

A Uj\ arsas. Spotted black and white (a ram). 

A f\ij\ arsas, Black with -white spots (a ewe). 
Irsai, (v. n. 4 of b^) Becoming thick and clotted. 

A ti>\i)\ irsas, (v. n. 4 of '■^j) Being worn 
out. Being tarnished, disfigured by filth. Wear- 
ing, impairing, consuming. 

A o\i,l irsad, (v. n. 4 of iJJi) Being turbid. 
Digging to a spring. Standing still side by side. 

A l>\3j^ irsat, A remaining fixed to one's seat. 

p aJUjI irsana, Hereditary, by hereditary right. 

A 'iij\ ursat, (pi. 1.^1 ura£) A limit, landmark, 
boundary, confine, border. Plain, level ground. 
Land bumping out into hillocks of a reddish co- 
lour. Dung mixed with ashes for fuel. Black 
colour mixed with white spots. 

p Mj\ arsad, Root of the wild pepper-tree. 

A (jUaO,\ irsiman, (v. n. 4 of ^^j Q) Falling 
in abundance (rain). Hanging down (hair). Being 
weak and relaxed. 

A ^\ arsam, (A horse) white in the upper lip 
(when in the lower, he is called Ja^l almaz). 

A jt^j^ irdrridm, (v. n. 9 of jC.) Having white 
on the upper lip (a hoi'se). 

A ^\ arsa', Unskilful in managing business. 

P _, I draj, A kind of bird. The elbow. 

p _jl arj, Price, worth, value, esteem, honour. 
Extraction. Separating. A rhinoceros. A swan. 
A bird with soft plumage. Limit, bound, measure. 

A —j\ arj, The stirring up of dissensions, sedi- 
tions, or quarrels. An sera. Araj, (v. n. of _)\) 
Sending forth an agreeable perfume. Making a 
great noise. A sweet smell. 

A >l*-j\ arjdi, (pi. of W-j raja') Sides, parts, 
margins, coasts. Irjas, (v. n. 4 of \*-j not in use) 
Deferring, putting off" (any business). Being about 
to bring forth. Being unsuccessful (a hunter), 
(v. n. 4 of \j9-. for j»^) Being near bringing forth. 
Strengthening the sides of a well with bricks. 

A l_jU-j\ arjdb, The intestines, (pi. of k— *>-j 
rajali) The months of Rajah. Irjdb, (v. n. 4 of 
u-«»-j) Revering, honouring. 

A ». Vj' i'KJ'y) (j- 'i- 4 of _,) Being near foal- 
ing (a mare). 

A rWv)^ hjdh, (v. n. 4 of jv.) Giving over- 
weight, or the turn of the scale. 

A iiU-jl irjdd,(\.nA of i^j^Tenitymg. Caus- 
ing to tremble. 

A ^juVjl irjds, A sounding the depth of water. 

p UJwaWjl arjdsp, The grandson of Afrasyab. 

A pVj^ irjd^ (v. n. 4 of ^J) Causing to re- 
turn. Stretching forth the hand behind the back 
to receive something. Being ill for two days (an 
old man), and not recovering strength for a month. 
Becoming lean and afterwards growing fat (ca- 
mels). Easing nature. Making one take back a 
thing purchased. Changing, turning, restoring. 
Rendering profitable and gainful. Uttering the 
\, «J\ Ul , ^ G\ innd W lldh iva 


US^b ** 

( 56 ) 

innd ilayhi rdjiiuna, Verily we belong to God, 
and verily to him we are returning. 

certain or false rumour, a fiction. Irjdf, (v. n. 4 
of uA*-.) Engaging in business. Mixing in de- 
bates, propagating seditious rumoure. Trembling 
(the earth). Coming along jaded and with the ears 
flabby and pendulous (a camel). Forcing, com- 
pelling. Heat. Restlessness, disturbance. 

A (JVj^ arjdl, Beasts turned loose with their 
young ones. (pi. of ,J»-, 7'ajul, rajil, and rajal) 
Men whose hair is partly curled and partly lank, 
(pi. of Jj»-, rijl) Portions of any thing. Large 
flights of locusts. Sleepy (men). White papers. 
Calamities. Misanthropes. Annies. Precedencies. 
Irjdl, (v. n. 4 of (J^j) Making one go on foot. 
Leaving a camel at liberty with her foal. Prolong- 
ing, granting a delay. 

p roj^Wv)' arjdlun, A wild vine. 

P {J^J^ arjdn, A kind of fir. A kind of moun- 

A j^Wv)^ arjdn, A species of wild olive common 
in Morocco. I?jdn, (v. n. 4 of lo?^) Feeding a 
camel on hay in the stable. Arajdn, An attempt 
to sow dissension. 

A (j^^i arrajdn, Name of a town in Susiana. 

A ilis-i' irjah, (v. n. 4of »»»,) Deferring beyond 
the proper time. 

A ^*-)^ arjah, Heavier, more or most prepon- 
derating, better, best. 

A ^J^xs^J\ irjihndn, (v. n. 4 of (j>^j Q) In- 
clining, leaning. Being shaken, agitated. Falling 
at once. Rising (as a vapour above the plain). 

Ajs-ji arjaz, 
ease >-, rajaz. 

A camel troubled with the dis- 

A Sx- 

arjhat, (pi. of *Wv;) Camels' halters. 

A yU»-j 1 i7jifndn, (v. n. 4 of j^^«»^ Q not used) 
Inclining. Shaking. Falling down at once. 

A ^}:^\ arjal, (Cattle) marked with white on 
one foot. Large-footed (man). More or most of 
a man, stronger. Arjul, (pi. of Jj>-, ryV) Feet. 

A »ia-j W?7'i?ai,(pl.ofjJj»-j)Men on foot. Infantry. 

P OiJJifj\ arjmand. Rare, excellent, worthy of 
great price, valuable, exquisite, belov ed, dear, brave, 
generous, noble, distinguished. Wise, jib i^xSjl 
arjmand-hdnu, (Noble princess) A proper name. 

p ^f iii.frj\ arjmandi, Excellence, preciousness. 

P {^j^ arjan, The bitter-almond tree. 

P lij*-)^ arjand, Name of a town. 

P <tJ^j\ arjang, The house of the celebrated 
painter and impostor Mani. 

p «>J>>-j^ arjana, Name of a desert in Persia. 
Name of a note in music. 

p i^yrj^ arjarcdn, (a urjumdn) Purple, deep 
red. A purple dye. A purple robe or carpet. 
Redness. Starch, ij'yrj^ 4-* ' dhi arjawdn, (Red 
water) Wine. ^J^yrJ^ f*^ j )/^ Lfjj ruyisafrd u 

chashmi arjawdn, Faces of saffron and eyes of Ar- 
jawan are common expressions, to imply passion- 
ate lovers, in whose countenances a yellow melan- 
choly is painted, and whose eyes are inflamed with 
shedding of tears. 

p (3\j»-j^ arjawdni, Very red, purple. 

A ^\y>-\ urjuwdmy, Very red, purple 

A &s>.j9-.\ urjuhat, A swing, a see-saw. 

A »Jj!>\)^ urjuzat (pi. ji?-^^ ardjlz) A poem in 
the measure called Js», rajaz. 

A el^-Jt urjlyat, Any thing hoped for. 

A ;j'*i?-j^ or;is,Nameofafort in Mesopotamia. 

p &»^\ archi, (or iJ>ia-j^ archand) Although. 

p ji)j>-j^ urchin, A ladder. A staircase. I 

p ,iixs-.\archmi. Name of a mountain. 

A Ji,\ arahh Broad or large-footed, and with- 
out any hollow beneath. 

A Ao~J\ arhds, (pi. of j_^ raha') Mills. Breasts, 
or the callous parts of them on which camels re- 
cline. Hoofs of camels and elephants. Grinders, 
back teeth. Independent tribes, living by them- 
selves. Numbers of domestics. Chiefs of the peo- 
ple. Fields of battle. Crowds of camels pressing 
upon one another. 

A i_->lr»-j\ irhdb, (v.n.4 of t-*»V)) Being wide, 
roomy, and spacious. Enlarging, making spacious. 

A (_^ls>-j\ irhdz, (v. n. 4 of i^jas--J) Washing. 

A ( — JU-j\ irhdf, (v. n. 4 of «— H*-, not used) 
Whetting, sharpening (a sword). 

A jWj\ irhdl, (v. n. 4 of J^^j) Breaking in a 
camel. Making a present of a strong camel. Be- 
coming strong after being weak (a camel's back). 
Becoming fat after having been lean (a camel). Be- 
coming fit for the saddle (a camel). Having many 
camels fit for the saddle. 

A ^J^ arhdm, (pi. of *»-, rihm or rahim) 
Wombs. Relations by the mother, uterinekindred. 

A t— *»-j\ arhab, The name of a tribe. (_<ol*i 
Ou*5>|j\»(yaji6ar/(aJIya?, Excellent camelsfound 
in that tribe. Arhib, (and ^js>-j\ arhibl) (imp. of 4) 
Give way, retire (used chiefly to horses when they 
want them to back). 

A Ji-j\ arhal, (A horse) white on the back. (A 
sheep or goat) black on the back. Arkul, (pi. of 
J^ rahl) Small saddles for camels. 

A ^j\ arham, More or most merciful. ^J\ 
^jv^\p\ arhamu'r rdhimm, The most merciful of , 
the merciful (God). 

A jj»^\ arhi, {^j\ urh'iy, or 'i^Jt arhiyat) 
(pi. of' ^»j raka')"Milh. 

G « ;' axfjS a7-hikana. Name of a dyeing herb. 

A ^\ arkh, (v. n. of ^\) Dating (a letter). 
Arkh or irkh, A bullock. ^raM, Name of a town. 

A fi\^j\ irhhds, (v. n. 4of U^ for_ji^) Giving 
the reins, relaxing. Unfuri ing a sail . Letting drop 
a veil or curtain. Running in a straggling manner. 
Making (a horse) run so. Having soft buttocks (a 

horse). Making soft, loose, and relaxed, ij'j^ 
&i*\£- arkJia' ^mdmataliu, He let fall his turban- 
sash, he felt quiet and secure. 

A ^^j^ irkhdJth, (v. n. 4 of ^j) Using dili- 
gence, straining every nerve. Excess, hyperbole. 

A (_j«)l£^\ irkhds. See (_^li»-j\ irithds. 

A (^li-j\ irkhas, (v. n. 4 of j_>ai-.) Finding or 
purchasing cheap. Making cheap. 

A I »ls>-j\ irkhaf, (v. n. 4 of i_a.Vj) Making 

(dough) thin and watery. 

A |»li-j\irMa»i,(y.n.4of^i-j) Sitting, brooding. 

A »i-^\arA/ta<,Awildheifert f/>A;Aa<, An epoch, 
sera, period, date. 

A (Js»j^ arhlml, (pi. of Ji»j rikhl, rakhil, or 
Sli^ riJihlai) Ewe-lambs. 

A |,U>^^ arkham, (A horse) with a white head 
and black body. More or most tender (voice). 

p »Jai-jl arkhanda, A tincture-powder, with 
which they tinge the nails and other parts of the 
body of a beautiful red ; some nations, mixing it 
with vinegar, dye the manes and tails of their horses. 
A kind of tree from which they make a fine oil. 

E li-Ci^^ arahhang, Arracan. 

o {j^j^ arhhun, A prince, chief, archon. A 
high-priest, patriarch (among eastern Christians). 
|\ arkha, Softer, softest; more or most 

1 . 


A ,2^' urkhti/, A steer. 

A ».S=>-j^ urkhiyat, The loose or pendulous part 
of any thing. The young of the mountain-goat. 
^B p i>j I drd, Flour, meal. A defect, blemish, de- 
^^ciency, imperfection, ^ji^ ^1 drd kardan, To 
grind, yr ^j^ ar<f«Ja7y, Barley-meal. (•jJk^ii.t 
drdi gandum, Wheaten flour, (^j , j <i, I drd u 
ramghan, (Flour and oil) A kind of sweetmeat. 

P ij\ ararf, Thetwenty-fifth day of everymonth. 
Name of the angel presiding over that day. 

p (i,l ard, The twenty-fifth day of the Persian 
month. Anger. Flour. Urd, Like, similar. Name 
of a city in Persia. 

A iJ,) aradd, More or most useful, or profitable, 
bringing a better return. 

A 1>J,^ ardai, More or most wicked, bad, naught. 

P \oJ\ ardd, Name of a priest of the Magi. 

A Aij^ arddf, (pi. of ^Jii. radii) Bad, naught, 
corrupt, /rrfaj, (v. n. 4 of !<>,) Assisting. Sus- 
taining. Propping. Quieting. Establishing. Do- 
ing evil, maning. Letting down (a veil). Over- 
taking, reaching, hitting. Exceeding (one hundred) 
in number, (v. n. 4 of {jiij) Increasing, becoming 
numerous. Travelling. Making (a horse) scamper 
or strike the ground hard with (his) feet. Throw- 
ing down. Destroying. 

A -f \ « J,\ arditdt, (pi. of (^i>, radit) Bad, naught. 

p ftJ^iijI drd-dha, Pottage, porridge. 

A «r^-5,^ arddj, Black leather. 

A _ \ii,\ irddh, (v. n. 4 of _ J^) Enlarging a tent. 


( 57 ) 

Plastering a wall. 

p S\jj\ drddd, (or J^J,\) A deceiver. A satyr. 

p o\>iJi arddd, Name of a priest of the Magi. 

A J\iij[ irddd, (v. n. 4 of Oj) Having the udder 
large before yeaning (a ewe). 

A c)i>,l irddgh, (v. n. 4 of iJ,) Being very 
slimy (the ground). 

A <_ilj,^ arddf, (pi. of uJiij ridf) Buttocks, 

posteriors. Jrddf, (v. n. 4 of ( jjj) Following, 

succeeding to. Rising in succession (stars). Caus- 
ing one to ride behind on the crupper. Carrying 
double (a horse). 

A J.' J,' irddm, (v. n. 4 of j»Jj) Continuing with- 
out intermission (rain, fever). Becoming green 
again (a tree). Being still and stationary (a cloud). 
Spurring a camel to quicken his pace. Being fixed 
and still in a place. 

A ij^^y arddn, (pi. of ^jii. rudn) Gussets or 
armholes in sleeves. Irddn, (v. n. 4 of (^ J,) Put- 
ting gussetsor armholes to the sleeves of a garment. 
Continuing (a fever). Being dark. 

p j6i Jjl arddna, A species of violet. 

p jiJ, I drddv, A demon, evil genius, magician. 

P (— '2^jii\1 arddv'irdf, Name of a Persian 
legislator who flourished about the year 200 of 
the Christian aera. 

P i-r''^i ardah, War, quarrel, altercation. 

A «--''Jj\ irdabb, An Egyptian measure equal 
to 24 cUo sd^ An aqueduct of earthen pipes. 

p UJ, 1 drd-bd, A kind of pottage or gruel. 

A «J Jjl irdabbat, A large sewer made of earthen 
pipes. A large tile. 

p jj^.i^y ardabur, A beautiful green colour. 

p^.'^ I drd-bez, A sieve, scarce, boulter. 

p (J^.«i; 1 ardabil, Name of a city in Media. 

p ^lJyJJl drd-tula, Pottage, stir-about, gruel. 

p _Jj)a?'rff;, Juniper. l^\ -,iij\ardij-db, Gin. 

p (jl*-0,\(xr<fa/ara. Certain figures and myste- 
ries in astrology. 

paJU-Jjl drdahdla, A kind of milk-pottage. 

A (J^i^^ irdakhl OT ardakhil, Fat, full of flesh. 

p «3j JJ, I drd-dula, Gruel. A fine green colour. 

p SJjJjl ar^-zac?a, A sieve. A fine green colour. 

p (jlJuo J, I drdistdn, ((j\JL« Jj\ ardistdn or ir- 
distdn) Name of a district in Persia. 

p (_>M 0,1 aradush, A certain number of crimes. 

PjwiOj I drd-shlr, Milk and flour pottage. 

FjMiiX ardsliir, Intrepid, courageous. Name 
of Bahman son of Isfandyar and father of Darab. 
The Artaxerxes of the Greeks. 

p (o5.jw»t>)l ardshirdn, Name of a bitter plant. 

p ^Ji>'JMli^ ardsliir-khurra, Name of a coun- 
try in Persia. 

p J .1 JjwJii.1 ardshir-ddru, A bitter medicine. 

A c.^\ ardaf, Black-breasted, and white-bo- 
died (ram). 

o (jUiJjl aridfandnt, Wild cucumber. 

p (j""^l ardakdn, Name of a town in the dis- 
trict of Shiraz ; also of a village near Yazd. 

p (ju Jjl ardagdn, Certain figures in astrology. 

A JJjl ardal, Transylvania. 

p (•J, I drdam, The anemone. 

p ^iij\ ardam, A section of the book of Zar- 
dusht. Dexterity, skill. The anemone. 

A |«J,\ ardam, (pi. ^^^^^l) A skilful seaman. 

p i^'^j^ ardanu, Name of an animal. 

p yj Jj I drdan, A colander, a strainer. 

p (ji^l ardan, Name of a country. The river 
Jordan. Ardan or urdan, A colander. Irdan, 
The oxycanth-fruit. A species of eagle. 

A (0*^)1 ardan, A kind of raw silk. 

A (jt^l urdunn. Doziness, drowsiness. The 
Jordan and districts adjacent, comprising all Pa- 
lestine and Samaria. Name of a city in Syria. 

A Jc>S ardanj. Black leather. Vitriol. 

p jj.) Urdu, A camp, an army. A name for 
the Hindustani language, made up of Hindi, Per- 
sian, and Arabic. (^^y.U* j^^ urdumi humdrjun, 
or^ju* .Jjl urdumi mufolld') The royal camp. 

p (o^^l ardawdn, (or ^^V*^^ ardbdn) (Strong 
guard) Name of several princes of ancient Persia, 
Media, and India. This is supposed to be the Ar- 
tabanus of the Greeks. Name of a country. 

p iX)Sjiij\ ardukind, The ancient name of the 
city of Kashghar in Turkistan orTuran (Scythia). 

p s^j^J^ ardula. Milk-pottage, pap, gruel. 

p ^jji3.\ ardun. Name of a king of Persia. 

p »L>, t drda, Flour, meal, flour-bread. A kind 
of porridge. V«p- iJsA drdasi hhurnid, A dish 
made ofdates with hot bread, butter, &c. <i^ »J,I 
drdasi kunjud, A dish of fresh dates and syrup. 

p &)\*OjT drdhdla, A kind of pottage or gruel. 

p (Jt>Jj\ ardahi. Name of an animal. 

p (^ Jj\ ui-di,The second month of the solar year. 

A >ljJ,\ ardisds, (pi. of (.yJ,) Bad, naught. 

p ^' >*.f J i^Jjl urdi bihisht, (Like Paradise) 
The second Persian month, midspring, April. The 
third day of every month, especially of that which 
the old Persians celebrated by a festival. 

A io,k>,\ ardiyat, (pi. of Adj riddf) Cloaks. 

p &i>.0,T drdina, A kind of gruel or pottage. 

A A'ijS irzdf, (v. n. 4 of i^'dj) Weakening, ex- 
hausting. Giving any thing worn out. Having 
jaded horses. Throwing away. 

A iXijS irzdz, (v. n. 4 of li,) Raining gently. 
Exuding. Perspiring. Running (a wound). 

A J\J,\ arzdl, (pi. of Ji, razl) Vile, ignoble. 
Irzdl, (v. n. 4 of Ji,) Despising, treating with 
scorn. Associating with the base. 

A Jij\ irzdm, (v. n. 4 of Jij) Overflowing. 
Exceeding (the number fifty). 

A Jiijl arzal, Mean, base. More or most mean, 
base, ignoble, or vile. y^\ Ji,^ arzalu'l ^imr. 
The end of life, when memory and faculties fail. 

A «3<ij\ arzilat, (pi. of Jli; ruzal) Vile, bad. 
A jj i am, Firm, steady, rooted, fixed. Drawn 
together. Arvz, Rice. 

p jj\ arz, Price, value. Quantity. Esteem, 
veneration. \jO \S arzi bazar, Market-price. 

Ajjl arz, (v. n. of Jj\) Being gathered toge- 
ther. Contracting one's self, drawing back through 
avarice. Being firmly rooted, steady, fixed. Tak- 
ing refuge in her hole, returning to it, and abiding 
there (a serpent). Being cold (the night). 
a^WjIj ,\ arzti'l halam, The connexion, truth, and 
straight-forwardness of conversation. Arz or urz, 
The pine, cedar, pitch, juniper, or any cone-bear- 
ing tree. Urz, uruz, or aniz, Rice. Araz, A tree 
(called also mJ j^ arzavi) whose timber is very hard. 
A Jj^ aruzz or uruzz, Rice. 
A A\j\ arzas, (pi. of -*)) ruzs) Afilictions, cala- 
mities, disasters. Irzai, (v. n. 4 of (_5j j) Leaning 
against, supporting one's self by. Fleeingfor refuge. 
Aj\jj\ irzaz, (v. n. 4 of Jj) Fixing her tail in 
the ground to lay her eggs (a locust). 

A c,\jj\ irzagh, (v. n. 4 of cj .) Moistening the 
ground but not flowing (rain), making it muddy. 
Digging to a moist soil. Abounding in clay 
(ground). Being scanty (water). Injuring, vex- 
ing materially. Despising. Accusing, reproach- 
ing, taunting. Coveting. Esteeming or finding 
weak. Bringing a dew (ground). 

A I i\jj\ irzaf, (v. n. 4 of i jjj) Going before. 

Advancing, approaching. Rendering greedy. 
Egging on, instigating. Being filled with care, 
grief, or terror. Running away in a fright. Bray- 
ing inwardly (a camel). Forcing, compelling. 

A ^^jJ^ arzak, (pi. of ^jj rizk) Riches, pos- 
sessions, goods, commodities, efiects, apparel, 
moveables, provisions. Soldiers' rations. 

A m\jj\ irzam, (v. n. 4 of mjJ) Murmuring, 
roaring, rumbling (thunder, or wind in the belly). 
Yearning towards her colt (a camel). A rattle, 
a noise, a crash, a clap, a peal (of thunder). 

P ;^^ j^ arzan, Of small value, cheap, low- 
priced. Worthy, ^^'i^ ulu^ arzan slmdan, To 
be cheap. To be worthy. ^^>iji ^J\•\ arzan har- 
dan, To make cheap. Arzan, (for ^\ ^\ agar 
z'an) If from that. 

p (jijVjj^ arzanuh. Charity, good works. 
P (j^j^ arzani. Cheapness. Abundance. Any 
thing safe and sure. Any thing given in charge. 
A worthy object of charity. i^^J tiljj^ arzani 
kardan, (J^-i^\J ij^jj^ arzani dashtan, or ^j,\j^ 
j^Jj*^ arzani farmudan, To give, bestow, confer, 
p ^^\^\jj\ arzanldan. To be esteemed. To be 
bought cheap. 

P ej'^^.^j^ arzayanidan. To render valuable. 
To make cheap. 

A I— ^j\ irzah, (or ^jj\ irzahh) Short, com- 
pressed. Thick, large. Strong. Muliebria crassa. 

( 58 ) 

A eSjJi irzabbat, A large mallet with which 
they break clods, or make bricks . An iron rod. 

A ijj\ arizat, (fem.) Firmly-rooted (tree). 
Strong (she-camel). Cold (night). 

A Jjjl arzat, A single pine. 

p 'ijjjj^arzrud, Nameofacountry inTurkistan. 

P O^j^ arziih. Price, Talue, worth. 

A cj j\ arzai. More or most cowardly. 

A ^\j^ arzali,{^ov ^jS azra/i) Azure, cerulean. 

p (oij^ arzan. Millet. ^^^ ^^j\ arzani zar- 
rin, Stars. Sparks of fire. A draught of wine. 
dashti arzan. Name of a 



place three leagues distant from Shiraz. 

A MJj^ arzan. Heavier. A hard kind of tree 
fi'om which theymakewalking-sticks. Acityin Ar- 
menia called Erzeroom (*ip^ tjjj^ arzanu' r runi). 

p jj^-^ 1 ' arzangan, Name of a city in Armenia. 

p uJI^ J ' o^i'zanin, (Bread) made of millet. 

P jJ J I arzu. Desire, wish, will, resolution, in- 
tention, inclination, afiection, love, appetite, concu- 
piscence, hope, want, m*^ J Jj ' "''■^" kardan, 
To desire, fj^ e? jjj ' arzuyi nafs. Sensuality. 

p aj^jjj ! ar;;«wawa, Any objectof desire. Wist- 
fully. j"^J^ yj *^\)Jjl arzuTvanaA zanibar-dar, 
The longing of a pregnant woman. 

P (i)"-!?) 1 1 drzudan. To desire, wish, hanker. 

p ijl<...>w) jJ . I arzu-shihast. The breach of a 
resolution, change of mind. 

p yX^ J J . I arzu-shikan, Breaking a resolu- 
tion, preventing the execution of any design. 

p kXx«j: .1 arzumand. Desirous, eager, fond, 
wishful, covetous, avaricious, greedy. ;>jw«jj. 1 
|Cw»-V arzumandi ihsanam, I am desirous, soli- 
citous, or ambitious of favour. sMaP- iXxcj'A ar- 
zumandi M,tlya, Greedy of gifts. 

P (_f iSi/«j| J. I arzumandi. Desire, wish, appetite. 

P (jjjj I arzun, Amiable qualities, virtues. 

P ijj 1 arza. Clay mixed with straw for plaster. 

p ijj\ arza, Liquid pitch. Clay mixed with 
straw for plastering walls. The cypress. The pine. 
The first climate of the earth. 

P^»JjT arzagar, (or J ljj\) A plasterer. 

A(_£j .\ aruzziy, A seller of rice. 

P j^j^J^Jj ' arzaytun, Nameof a certain princess. 

P f^i^ijjy arzida7i,Tosmt,'he(iOTae: to be worth. 

p V^Jjl arztz, Lead. 

Ajy|j\ i?-ilz, A trembling, tremor. A thrust 
with a spear. Small hail, sleet. Loud-voiced (man). 

p {J^jJ^ arzlsh, Price, value. Dignity. 

A (•Ujjl ii-zlmam, A becoming enraged. 

P yjj^ arjan, A species of bitter almond. 

P '^•^jj ^ cijang, The house of the painter Manl. 

P sijj\ arjana. Name of a desert in Persia. 

p (_ju,\ ars, A tear. ^\^ (_ju,^ arsi buzati, A 
rheum issuing from the eyes of the moimtain-goat 
from which they prepare an antidote against poi- 
son. Urs, The larch, plane, or cypress-tree. Aras, 

Name of a river near the Euphrates and Tigris : 
this is the Araxes of the ancients. 

A {^j»j\ ars, (v. n. oii^j»j\) Practising agricul- 
ture. Irs, A noble race or stock. 

A s\jmS irsat, (v. n. 4 of Lo, for _j*«,) Being 
firm, immoveable. Resolving firmly on any thing. 
Casting anchor. Anchoring. 

A L— 'Loj\ irsab, (v. n. 4 of f-~**"j) Having the 
eyes sunk in the head from famine. Dragging 
under, causing to sink to the bottom, precipitating. 

A r-^j^ irsakh, (v. n. 4 oi ^J) Establishing, 
strengthening, rendering firm, solid, immoveable. 

A i^j^ arsagh, (pi. of i*«. rusgh) The joints 
which connect the fetlocks with the hoofs (in ani- 
mals), pasterns. The wrists or ankles (in man). 

A I sU<».l i?-saf, A driving of camels in fetters. 

A JLijjl arsal, (pi. of jJ^Jj rasaV) Flocks (of 
sheep), herds (of camels). Ii'sal, (v.n.4of J-ui,) 
Sending, despatching. Dismissing, discharging. 
Loosing, letting go. Letting (a curtain) fall. Pos- 
sessingflocks andherds. Giving absolute authority. 
Getting abundance of milk from one's sheep. An 
embassy, mission, legation. Remittance. 

p jwlj (JU^l irsal-nama, A list of remittances. 

A (^^ irsdm, (v. n. 4 of j**^) Causing (a ca- 
mel) to leave impressions on the ground. 

A (j^^^ arson, Rugged ground, (pi. of /o*"i 
rasan) Halters. Irsan, (v. n. 4 of i^f^j') Binding 
fast with a halter, haltering. Making a halter. 

G ^^L^\tJi\ arsdnikun. Yellow orpiment. 

p Cioii) I arast, Ability, power. Decoration. 

P d»><))\ arast, The upper or higher part of 
pack-saddles. Plumpness in the hips (of animals). 

p (jiiJiujijl arastdan. To adorn. To be able. 

P {J'^j I drastan. To adorn. To be able. 

p (.ji-«i,\ arastan, To adorn. To be able. 

p yi*>*j^ arastu, A swallow. Swallow-wort. 

p sjUiSjI drasta, Adorned. 

A ^S arsah. Meagre-hipped (wolf). 

g1i.J,\ arast, (or Ua«i,\ arastd) Aristotle. 

p UiM*,l dristd. Henbane. 

G (^jJj3UaA«».\ arastdtalis, (or (ji^Ualla***.! 
arastdtdUs) Aristotle. 

G u>-jJia*oji aristululthiyd. Long birth-wort. 

G _jJa*>',l aristo, Aristotle. Tlie herb birth-wort. 

A J*^^ arsaf, Distempered in the eyelid. 

A j*<*;' arsugh, (pi. of xm>. rusgh and rusugh) 
Pasterns of animals. Wrists or ankles of men. 

A {^Mj^ arsul, (pi. of (Jjjuij rasul) Messengers, 
ambassadors, apostles. 

p jj^-ajl arsldn, A lion. This surname has 
been adopted by several kings of Persia. 

A ^j\ arsum, (pi. of **J, rasni) Traces, ves- 
tiges of a habitation. 

P {j^j^ arsan. An assembly, meeting, congress. 

A ^jMj\ arsim, (pi. of ^^^ rasan) Halters. 

P i,tJjjMj\ arsang, Mani the impostor's shop. 


A SMtyOj] ursusat, A cap, hat, bonnet. 

A <_Jj*«».' urmf, Name of a town in Syria. 

A (jkUj^ arsa', May (God) confirm. 

p (^j I arash, Name of a celebrated archer. 
Name of the second son of Kay Kubad. Peace 
liaving been established between Minuchihr, and 
Afrasyab, on condition that the latter should cede 
s much of his territory as an arrow could fly 
across ; an arrow was accordingly prepared on 
some scientific principle, and being discharged by 
Arash from a mountain in Tabaristan, dropped not 
till it had reached the bank of the Oxus. Arish, 
>ignification, meaning. 

A (_w, I arish, Name of a mountain. 

P (_A)^ arsh, A cubit. An assembly. Arash, 
A cubit, a fathom. Name of a city. Arish, Wise, 
prudent. An assembly. 

A (_)«)1 arsh, (pi. ij^^y tttwh) A gift. Com- 
pensation, equivalent. Disagreement, quarrel, dis- 
sension, law-suit, discord, altercation, squabble. 
Provocation, instigation, stimulation to discord. 
A defect. A scratch. A mulct, fine, particularly 
that which is paid for the shedding of blood. A 
demand of the expiatory fine. A gift for concilia- 
ting the favour of a judge, a bribe. Whatever a 
jiurchaser receives from a seller after discovering 
a fault in the article bought. A created being. 

A Amj\ arsha^, (pi. of U*. rashas) Young 
fawns. Irshds, (v. n. 4 of \m. for ^^) Tying on 
a rope to a bucket. Putting forth long stalks (a 
colocynth). Being partner in the blood of any one. 
Putting a young one to suck. Pointing (arms) 
at any one. Bribing. 

A ^^y irshdh, (v. n. 4 of ^j) Perspiring. 

A Jlijjl irshdd, (v. n. 4 of •Xm.) Directing, 
shewing the right way. p JJ^t jU*,\ irshad-an- 
gez, Producing safety. 

A (^\LiJ\ irshdsh, (v. n. 4 of (_)i,) Gently mis- 
ling. Making a horse prance until he sweats. Be- 
ing wide (a wound), and bleeding profusely. Suck- 
ing the dam with outstretched neck (a camel's colt 
whose tail is scratched for that purpose). 

A (__J\^\ irshdf, (v. n. 4 of i 0'*'i) Sipping. 

A fj^J^ irskak, (v. n. 4 of ^3-*j) Stretching 
forth the neck. Fixing the eye steadily. Shoot- 
ing in a certain mode. 

A j^j* irshdm, (v. n. 4 of *m»j) Shining, flash- 
ing (lightning). Sealing (wheat in a granary). 
Discovering young herbage peeping above the 
ground, and grazing it. Putting forth leaves. 

A y*»j' arshah. More or most acute, ingenious, 
quick. Ingenious, quick, clever. 

p (^j\ arshad, The marcasite-stone. 

A iXi»,\ arshad. Most upright, most tenacious 
of the right way. p J^^)^.^ pisari arsltad, The 
eldest son or heir apparent. 

p cL.^ii,M.»i)^ arsliMsang, The 25th of the month. 

( 59 ) 

A ^y*»^ arshah. Name of a place in Azarbay- 
jan. \.i^CiMy I* md arshahahd. How rapid in dis- 
charging an arrow (a bow) ! 

p (.iLS»,lars/ia/«,Apoppy. Fault. Arashhj^nyj. 

A jJi>y arsham. One who gets an appetite by 
smelling the flavour of meat. Marked on the face 
orbody with lines and spots. Little (rain). A dog. 

G (jwiiJLv»»)i arshimidus, Archimedes. 

p ij^j^ arshan, (in Kipjak) A cloud. 

P i^j I di-ishl, True, real, significant. 

p liiijl arshyd, (in zand and Paz.) A throne. 

A &AM.1 arshiyat, (pi. of >lii>. rishds) Ropes, 
or similar things, as trains of snakes, gourd-stalks. 

A (^j\ arass, One whose thighs are close to- 
gether. One whose teeth are closely set. 

A AjOjS irsdi. An abiding in one place. 

A jLo.\ arsad, (pi. of i\»o. rasad) Observations 
of the stare, or of roads (through deserts). Gentle 
rains. Irsdd, (v. n. 4 of J^) Preparing, mak- 
ing ready for. Recompensing, requiting. 

A cl^l irsdf, (v. n. 4 of f^) Spearing deeply. 
Having a young one (a palm-tree). 

A I sLojl irsdf, (v. n. 4 of t-A«,) Mixing 

(wine) with the water of a running stream. 

A (o^^l irsdn, (v. n. 4 of ^j'O.') Making fast. 

A ^y arsah. Close-hipped (man). 

A J-Oj^ arsaf. Lean, meagre about the thighs 
or hips. Deep (wound) made with a spear's point. 

A »jOyoJ\ arsusat, Acdi^ in the form of a melon. 

A (_^ J I draz, More or most worthy. 

A [_)o\ ar2,(v.n.of(_^l) Abounding in herb- 
age (ground). Discovering such ground, (pi. 
dj\jo\ arazdt, (^jji uruz, i^yOj\ arazun, [^j/o\^ I 
drdz, and ,<»U ardzi) The earth, ground, soil, 
country, region. The grave. Any thing low, de- 
pressed. Rheum, defluxion from the nose. The 
lower part of the legs of a quadruped. Tremor, par- 
ticularly of the limbs in the paroxysm of a fever. 
t>jj^\ ^j>\ ibnu 'I arz, (Son of the earth) A certain 
esculent. {J<>j^^ 'if huratu 'I arz, The terrestrial 
globe. f_ ai.'vM ^jaS arzu'z zish. Name of an 
island near the Equator. i^j^J^\ {^J^ avzu'lfaras, 
The feet of a horse, or what is under them, i^y 
^\j- arzi hhdti, Uncultivated ground, ^jj tj«3j\ 
arzi rum, (Coimtry of the Romans) Name of a city 
on the confines of Armenia and Cappadocia. \jey 
dUU* arzi mamdlih, A prime minister. {^j\ 
_y arzi nuh, The land of Noah, a place so called 
in the Eastern Arabia. (_>i,^ (jj\ ihn arz, A stranger, 
foreigner, son of the earth. A kind of ginger, 
l^^l JaI afdu'l arz. Demons. U^J^^ (_-'!iW 
hildbu'l arz, Strange dogs. ^J, j,\ {^J^^ ''-^J^j ^ 
{_^j\ a zalzalat al arz am. hi arz, Was it the earth 
that trembled, or is there a tremor on me ? ^j' 
{_}oJi ^-y^ "* zaraba fa arz. If you beat the 
earth — (a proverbial saying, implying, beat the 
earth, it is immoveable ; it cares not). i^JoA j 

(.dJJ Id arza laka, A form of compliment among 
the Arabians, implying. You have no occasion for 
any recommendation of country, ancestry, wealth, 
&c., you have merit enough in yourself. ^^ 
i^_)aj\ «J CIjm ijf''^\ man atdfani huntu lahu arz. 
Whoever obeys me, I will submit to him. Araz, 
(v. n. of u»)l) Becoming raw (a sore). Being 
clean and pleasant to the eye (gi-ound). 

A (JJi)^ arazz. Sedentary, motionless. 
A A^j\ irzdi, (v. n. 4of ^^J) Gratifying, sa- 
tisfying, contenting. 

A CJ>\joJ\ arazdt, (pi. of {jitj\ arz) Earths. 

A ;_>oLo.l irzdz, (v. n. 4 of {^j) Becoming 
sluggish and indolent. Thickening (as sour milk). 
Running violently. Flowing (sweat). Being cut 
off (milk). 

A s^j^ irzdf, (v. n. 4 of ^J) Giving suck. 

A tiJLoj\ irzdh, (v. n. 4 ofiJJusj not used) Half- 
closing and opening the eyes. 

A 'La\ irzat, urzat, or irazat. Luxuriant herb- 
age or grass. Arazat, A worm which eats into 
ships, the white ant. 'Lto.'ri ^^ jy»J\ afsad mini' I 
arazat, More destructive than the white ant. 

A i^y^J^ arazun, (pi. oii^joS arz) Earths, soils. 

A Csy^j^ arztimiy. Surname of a man. 

A '^jpS arziy. Terrestrial, earthly, earthy. 

A -^Ij^l arziyds, (pi. of "^jOj raziy) Content, 
pleased, satisfied. 

A li^j^Ojl arazin, (obliq. of My*j ' arazun, pi. 
of i^joj\ arz) Earths. 

A \sj\ arit, A reddish colour, like to the fruit 
and roots of the tree ^^j^ arta'. 

A ^IIj.1 irtds, (v. n. 4 of Usj) Becoming mar- 
riageable (a maid). 

A <— ->^^ artdb, (pl.of u-*l»j rutab) Fresh ripe 
dates. Irtdb, (v. n. 4 of t— /i'j) Being fresh and 
succulent, arriving at the state t_«V>) rutab, (dates). 
Bearing such dates (a palm). Steeping (a vest). 

A 'j\i»j\ artdt, A single tree of the ^JoJ\ arta'. 

A (^jj\>\ irtds, (v. n. 4 of {j-^j not used) Sit- 
ting even (one stone upon anotlier). 

A i»ll»,l irtdt, (v. n. 4 of to,) Raving, being a 
fool. Keeping one's seat without stirring. 

A Jllsjl artdl, (pi. of Ji»j rati or ritl) Pounds 
of twelve ounces. Irtdl, (v. n. 4 of |Ji»j) Having 
a soft, delicate son. Hanging down (the ears). 

A J^J\ irtdm, (v. n. 4 of ^J) Shutting up, 
closely confining. Keeping silence. 

o lju«l«liaj\ artdmdsiyd, Artemisia, mugwort. 

p (^_y.jJuk*ll»j\ artdmidus, Name of a prophet. 

A ^^^y artdwiy, (A camel) very fond of, or 
griped by eating too freely of, the tree (_4^ ' arta'. 

o iji.>»Vtj1 artamis, Artemisia. Diana. 

G l.j.>»V>.^ artamisd. Southernwood. 

G liala.^ artantsd, Sow-bread. 

A Csy'J^ artaiviy, (A camel) fond of, or griped 
by eating too much of, the fruit of the ^J^ arta'. 

A ^j\ arta', (pi. C^\^j\ artayat, ^Jo\J\ ara- 
ta\ and arati) The above-mentioned tree, which 
grows in tlie sand, bearing flowers of a willow-co- 
lour and a bitter fruit, with red roots and branches ; 
with the fruit and leaves of which they feed ca- 
mels, and with the bark they tan leather. 

A ^^S ariiy,(A camel)feeding on the fruit, &c. 

p /ojJ^j^ artayun, Intelligent, acute, cunning. 

A f\s-\ ar^s, (pi. of ^^j ri^) Pastures. Ir- 
icb, (v. n. 4 of ^Pj) Tending (a flock). Giving 
for pasture. Al)ounding in pasture. Giving ear. 
Causing grass to grow as pasture. Sparing, pitying. 

A »r\*j^ «»'?o/) A becoming strong. An inces- 
sant flashing of lightning. 

A ii\s-j\ irtad, (v. n. 4 of i>*^) Thundering. 
Being visited or terrified by thunder. Threatening. 
Inspiring terror. Trembling, being agitated. 

A (_^^^ ir^s, (v. n. 4 of (j^) Ten-ifying, 
causing to tremble. 

A C_)i^j^ irpdsh, A causing to tremble. 

A i^^j^ ivfos, (v. n. 4 of <„JoS'j) Agitating, 
disturbing, putting in motion. 

A )s>\fi-j\ a7-faz, (pi. of JaSSj rufz) Holes in the 
tops of the shafts of arrows or javelins, into which 
they screw on the heads. Jrfaz, (v. n. 4 oiiaS-J) 
Making in the top of an arrow a hole wherein to 
fix the point. 

A I >\f-S irpaf, (v. n. 4 of f—SSj) Causing (the 

nose) to bleed, producing hemorrhage. Impelling, 
causing to make haste. Filling a bottle. 

A JlPjl arfol, (pi. of «J^ ra^at) Bodies from 
20 to 25 (horse, &c.), the vans of such bodies. 
Tall palm-trees, palm-trees bearing bad fruit. Hei- 
fers. Female ostriches. Prepuces. Those parts 
of the ears of sheep or camels, which, being slit, 
hang flagging down. Domestics, orfamilies (espe- 
cially when numerous). Irfal, (v. n. 4 of ij^) 
Stabbing repeatedly. Dangling, trailing (a plant). 
Shooting forth (a bramble). 

A f^j^ irfam, (v. n.4 of ^fi-.) Running at the 
nose (a sheep). 

A eoj\£-j\ arfardiyat, A herd, a troop of camels 
marked with the king's signet. 

A ^^^ arfal, Foolish. A withered, weak, ten- 
derplant. A plant growinglongand hanging down. 

A e^j\ arfimat, (pi. of aIp, rwfaw.) Snots. 

A (^j^ arfan, Loose, lax, flabby, weak, lan- 
guid. One who foolishly adorns, sets forth, shews, 
commends, or thinks much of himself. One who 
talks quick. Multitudinous, numerous (army). 
«j>ffj\ l/c ma artanahu, What a coxcomb he is ! 

A ^\^^ irfirvas, (v. n. 9 of l*j for ysj) Ab- 
staining (from evil). Repenting. 

A i^J^ ur^wat, The yoke of a ploughing ox. 

A iJ^j^ ur^fat, (or «Jjffj^ urfusat) A stone 

placed near a well, upon which those who drink 

»it down. A stone left at the bottom of a well, on 

( 60 ) 

which they sit when cleaning it out. 

p cj< arugh, A belch, ructation. 

p i.S urgh, Hot and bitter (walnut or almond). 

A f\i-j\ irgkas, (v. n. 4 of \p, for jP,) Being 
frothy (milk). Voiding frothy urine. Foaming at 
the mouth. Making a camel bray. 

p i-->^^ arghah, (or j\s-j\ arghav) A river. 

A ^^j^ irghdb,(Y.n. 4 of t_>S|j) Stimulating, 
making one wish for. 

A lLuM'jS irghds, (v. n. 4 of ti^) Stabbing re- 
peatedly. Stabbing in the root of the breast. Suck- 
ling, giving suck. 

p _li^,\ ar<;/iaj, (or _^\) Yam. The weft. 

A ii^S-j\ irghad, (v. n. 4 of i^) Having the 
good things of this life in abundance. Leaving 
sheep to graze where they list. 

p S.i\p% I drghdda, Name of a river. 

A (_j«\ffj^ arghds, (pi. of (j»Sj raghs) Benefits, 
boons, blessings, favours. Irghds, (v. n. 4 of ij-^j) 
Enriching, bestowing plenteously the good things 
ofthis life (God). 

A I '>\fi-j\ irgkdf, (v.n. 4 of v— W^,) Looking in- 
tently. Walking fast. 

p ( Jls^l urghdf, A stream of water. 

A (Jlp)! arghdl, (pi. of ,Jp) rughl) Orachs. 
Irghal, (v. n. 4 of (_)*y) Giving suck (applied to 
animals). Abounding in the plant f^j rughl. 
Straying from pasture (a camel). Inclining. Com- 
ing into ear (com). Erring, blundering, missing. 
Misplacing (a thing). 

A ft^ji irghdm, (v. n. 4 of jfi-J) Rubbing (a 
man's nose) in the dirt. Exasperating, enraging. 
Blackening. Being angry against. 

G ti/*^' o-rghdmun, A web in the eye, which 
in the extreme parts of the iris looks red, in the 
interior white. 

o ^^y^J^ arghdmum, Wild tansy. 

A ^J^J< irghdn, (v. n. 4 of ^^^) Listening with 
satisfaction. Exciting desire. Rendering inclined. 
Causing to eat or drink. Despising, deeming tri- 
vial. Rendering (an afiair) light and easy. 

A t--*Sji arghah, More covetous or longed for. 

p S'j^ arghich, (orJSj\ arghtj) Ivy. 

p ^j^^ arghachi, A long rope or thread. 

A Sfij\arghad, More or most commodious, plea- 
sant, affluent. Arghada, May (God) grant the 
comforts of life ! 

A ii)Si>,\ irghidddd, (v. n. 4 of liiii^j Q) Being 
easy, affluent, comfortable. 

p »ii^l draghda, Covetous, greedy. 

p »i\ffj\ arghuda, Covetous, greedy. Angry, 
passionate. Arughda, Passionate, angry, testy. 
p tillis^^ arghushtak, A kind of child's game. 
A eSiSj\ arghifat, (pi. of i^J jC ^ ragliif) Round 
flat cakes, cracknels, 
p ^JJS'S arghah. Ivy. 
A Jsj\ arghal, An easy, agreeable life. Un- 

circumcised. One who has long testicles. 

A i>\d^S irghilddd, (v. n. 4 of lii^ Q) Being 
easy, affluent, comfortable. 

p ^} arghamj, A long thread. 

p (C*:^^ arghamchi, A long robe. A thread 
twenty cubits long, fit for weaving. 

G /o*j^ arghan, An organ. 

p ^^ arghanj, A long thread. 

p i\lJ-J\ arghand, (or » JoS^^ arghanda) Covet- 
ous, desirous, wishful. Intrepid. Passionate, an- 
gry, testy. A tippler. 

p (_-> 1 iJ>iSj\ arghand-ab, Name of a river. 

p ^^J^\arghang, The shop of the painter Mani. 

G {j^j^ arghanun. An organ. 

p r^y>S-S arghanun. An organ. 

p /j\j*j^ arghawdn, Name of a tree whose fruit 
and flower are of a beautiful red. 

p ^ (o^j^^ argharodn-tan, (Red-body) Name 
of the planet Mars. 

p ^\jSj\a/'<ir/tan;ant, Red, purple. f^^\iJo 
hddaA arghawdni. Red wine. 

p i^^J^ arghun. An organ. A wild horse. 

p fJ^J^ irghaydn, A village near Nishabiir. 

A li^JJiP)^ irghiddd, (v. n. 11 of ^J) Being 
partially thickened (milk). Being confused, per- 
plexed, uncertain how to act. 

p ^^yiS-j\ arghtdan, To quarrel, dispute, scold, 
brawl, contend. To become hard, to wax dry. 

p iii>*Sj\ arghida, Angry, passionate. 

p \_y^j 1 drghesh, The bark of the box-thom. 

A 1 Jj\ uraf, (pi. of &i,\) Land-marks, bounds. 

A -*\s \ irfdt, (v. n. 4 of \i.) Bringing, drawing 
near. Pressing hard upon, being close in one's 
dealings. Fleeing for refuge. Combing. Hauling 
close to shore. Approaching. Inclining, lean- 
ing. Shewing respect, conniving. Treating kindly. 

A CSiS irfdt, A being broken or pounded small. 

A \Jj>^\ irfds, A talking obscenely. 

A li^^ irfdd, (v. n. 4of iji,) Assisting. Giv- 
ing. Putting on a horse a cushion or pad for the 
saddle. Bandaging a wound. 

A {jfU^j\ irfdsh, (v. n. 4 of ijiij) Falling into 
luxury in eating and venery. Remaining fixed and 
stationary in one place. 

A (^\Jj^ arfdz, (pi. of i^joij rafz), (Camels) 
straggling and pasturing at discretion. Irfdz, 
(v. n. 4 of {.jaij) Turning (camels) loose to pas- 
ture. Being wide (a valley or river). 

A c\s,\ arfdgh, (pi. of ^i, rafgh) Arm-pits, 
groins (where filth collects). Commonalty, rabble. 

A I — j\jjl irfdf, (v. n. 4 of (Jli,) Brooding, co- 
vering (her) eggs with (her) wings (a hen). 

A j^\ arfdh, (pi. of *aJ, rafkat, rifkat, or 
rufkat) Companies, societies, committees, assem- 
blies. Trfdk, (v.n. 4of J^) Helping, benefiting. 
Treating kindly or gently. 

A J\J,^ irfdl, (v. n. 4 of Ji,) Wearing clothes 


that sweep the ground. Walking swingingly. 

A l^j\ irfah, (v. n. 4 of si,) Bestowing afflu- 
ence, comforting, cherishing. Enjoying peace and 
the pleasures of life. Anointing the body, and 
combing the head, daily. Remaining near water 
(flocks). Having camels feeding near water, and 
drinking as much as they like. 

A iij\ nrfat, (pi. (_i,\ uraf) A boundary, li- 
mit, land-mark, or balk. A knot. 

A Ol:i,< irfitat, (y. n.9 of lIaJj) Being bro- 
ken, pounded, or bruised. Being cut off. 

A Jjl arfah, An animal whose horns project 
sideways, in the direction of his ears. 

A Jji,\ arfidat, Name of a people in Ethiopia. 

p (jii,^ arfash, A caravan. 

A (jiJjl arfash, Large-eared (man). 

A j,,>aJjl ar/az, A refuser. An obstinate heretic. 

A ^Uaj,! irfizaz, (v. n. 9 of i^joij) Flowing 
(tears): flowing,running. Beingdivided,scattered. 

A xij^ (irfa9. Higher, highest. 

A i_J,\ arfagh, One who enjoys the comforts of 
life. Arfugh, (pi. of i-j, rafgh) Tracts, districts. 
Worst parts of valleys. 

A Jji,\ arfah, (A camel) distorted in the elbow, 
having it standing out from his side. 

A Ji,\ arfal. Awkward, slovenly in dressing 
or in doing any thing. 

A (j.^ arfa', One who has large drooping ears. 

^A 1j,j\ urfiy, Milk of a doe. Good, unadulte- 
ed milk. A land-measurer. 
A ;j^-i^^ irfisnan, (v. n. 4 of jj\ij Q) Fleeing, 
and then sitting still. Being appeased (anger). 
Languor, feebleness. 

A jj I arih, Sleepless. 

p \\ arh, A canal. 

A Jiji arak, (v. n. oi/ij\) Being watchful,sleep- 
less. ^WA, Sleepless. /riA,art<A, or ar A, Jaundice. 

A ^\ arahh, More or most slender, or trans- 
parent. Thinner, thinnest. Tenderer, tenderest. 

A >»j\ irhat, (v. n. 4 of \5,) Wiping off perspi- 
ration. Making (tears) dry (God). Stanching. 

A <— J w.\ irhab, (v. n. 4 of <—*>j) Giving away 
(property) on condition that it shall ultimately re- 
vert to the survivor. A tontine. 

A Cyij\ irhad, (v. n. 4of j5,) Putting to sleep, 
:tting one to sleep. Abiding in a place. 

A {^\^ irhas, (v. n. 4 of (_>»*,) Making (a ca- 
mel) dance, caper, or trot. Dandling (an infant). 

A e^\ irkaf, (v. n. 4 of ^j) Being foolish, 
idiotic. Wanting repair (clothes). 

A 1 >^\ irkdf, (v. n. 4 of i-JS;) Trembling. 

A jj^^ irhak, (v. n. 4 of j.) Making thin or 
slender. Using polished language. Reducing into 
a state of servitude, possessing a slave. Being badly 
off. Becoming quite ripe (a white grape). 

A J^l irhal, (v. n. 4 of Jj,) Making haste. 
Skippbg on tip-toe. Skimming (over the plain). 


( 61 ) 

A Jij\ arkam, (pi. of ^ raham) Writings, no- 
tations. (_f jjkfc M^J\ arhami hindi, Arithmetic, 
numbers, properly Indian tables, arithmetic being 
generally supposed to be borrowed from them. 

A yW;^ arkan, Jaundice. Arakan, Mildew. 
Jaundice. Irkan, (v. n. 4 oi ^^J) Moistening with 
dripping. Tinging with privet or saffron. Privet. 
Saffron. A certain red tree. Dragon's blood. Mil- 
dew. Jaundice. 

o (j'S,\ arkan, Privet. (In the language of Mo- 
rocco) The mountain-almond. 

A k— *J,^ arkab, Thick-necked (man). A lion. 
Arhuh, (pi. of 'iSsj rakalat) Necks, especially the 
lower parts. Slaves, purchased servants. 

A ii)i^j\ irhidad, (v. n. 9 of iW,) Going very fast. 

A ^jiJil arhash, (A serpent) spotted with black 
and white. 

P (Jt5,^ arkish. Intelligent, skilful. An adept. 

A iaSj\ arkat, Variegated with black and white 
spots. A panther. Dusky (sheep). The tree J* 
i.arfaj when it presents a spotted appearance. 

A l>UaS,\ irkitat, (v.n.9oflaSj) Beingspeckled 
with black and white. 

A «*i.\ arhitat, (pi. oixu, raAi? ) Firmaments. 

A^\ arham, (pi. jfi\\ ai-akini) (A serpent) 
speckled with black and white (of a very dangerous 
species). Name of an Arabian tribe. 

p ^j\ arkand,l!ia,me of amountain in thewest. 

A io\ia^j\irkttat,(y.n.Tl oflaSj) Being speckled 
(black and white). Putting forth buds (a plant). 

A (.dl, I aj-ak. More or most worthy, fit for, apt. 
Arik, Thick, luxuriant, entangled tree ti)M ardk. 

A (.i).\ ark, (v. n. of <.i)j^) Causing a camel to 
feed on the tree iil\j^ ai-dk. Quarrelling. Perse- 
vering in any dilatory business. Going down, sub- 
siding (a swelling). Fastening (a business) upon 
any one. Abiding in one place. Irk, Excellence 
(of herbage) such as induces (camels) to continue 
in it. A certain salt and bitter plant on which ca- 
mels feed. Arak, (v. n. of (.dJ,\) (Camels) having 
the gripes from eating too freely of the fruit of the 
tree ij}\j\ ardk. Abiding in one place. Arih, (A 
tract of land) over-run with the tree ciJU ardk. 
Uruk, (pi. of ii)\.\ ardk) Certain trees on which 
they feed camels. 

A >— Jj^ arahh, Weak, silly. Worthless. One 
who neglects his wife and friends, and is despised 
by them in return. 

A •*o,\ irkds, (v.n. 4of Oj for^) Granting a 
delay, putting off. Taking refuge. Preparing, le- 
vying an army. Falsely accusing. Disparaging. 

A t-^Oj^ arhdb, (pi. of (_»>; rahah) Pubes. 
Muliebria. Irhab, (v. n. 4 of t-^Tj) Being fit for 
mounting (a camel). Giving any one a camel fit 
for the saddle. 

A OOj^ arkdt, Arcot, a country on the Coro- 
mandel coast, near Madras ; also the capital city. 


A ^j^ arhdk, (pi. of y, ruk-h) Narrow passes 
through mountains,also the sides,extremities, or pro- 
montories of mountains. Foundations. Monastic 
cells. Areas, quadrangles. Irkdh, (y.n. 4 o{ S.) 
Leaning. Causing to recline. Compelling, forcing. 

A jOjl irkdz, (v. n. 4 of jJ^) Discovering mine- 
rals or hidden treasures. Containing gold or silver 
(a mine). Being the owner of a gold or silver mine. 

A {^9j\ irkds, (v. n. 4 of (j^) Turning up- 
side down. Driving back into infidelity. Begin- 
ning to appear (a girl's breasts). 

A i^'Oj] irkdz, (v. n. 4 of \,je^J) (A woman) 
being pregnant with a foetus nearly full-grown and 
stirring in the womb. Becoming large and stir- 
ring in the womb (a foetus). 

A ti3\^\ arkdk, (pi. of i2)jrahk or rihh) Small 
rains. Irkdk, (v. n. 4 of t2J,) Raining gently. 

P ti)Bj\ irkdk, Dew, misling rain. 

A ^J^J^ arhdn, (pi. of ^yT, ruhn) Columns, pil- 
lars, supports, props, posts, angles, p CaSj J (jwj^ 
arkdni damlat. Nobles (pillars of the state). 

A u.*jj\ arAaZ», Large-kneed. (A camel) having 
oneknee largerthanthe other. Arkuh, (pi. of »_^. 
rahh) Small parties of men riding on camels. 

A «Jjl drikat, (fem.) Abounding in the tree 
^\j\ ardk. (pi. i-iJ,\j^ awdrik) A camel feeding 
on the tree td31,l ardk. 

A 'iSj\ arikat, (pi. ^S)y ardka') Griped (she- 
camel) from eating too freely of the tree cillj\ ardk. 

A ^j\ arkad. Speckled, spotted. 

A (_->•>. \ urkub, A troop riding upon camels 
(more than u-»>j rakb). 

G {^yj^ arkun, A chief, a governor. 

A i^y^ urkun, The head man of a village. 

p ^J^JJ>.\ arhunitan, (in zand and Pazand) To 
give, to bestow. A gift. 

A ^.\ arka'. More or most weak, despicable. 

p Lf,\ arkii/d, (in zand and Pazand) A river. 

p <^-(i^ arg, A small citadel within a larger one. 
Name of a fortress in Sistan. Arag, A swing. 
Arag or urug, A tether. 

p ^^^ argali, A wild sheep. 

p ^j\ urganj. Name of a city in Khurasan. 

o 0"jS.\ argus, Name of one of Alexander's 
successors, Lagos 1 

A (J.\ urul. Name of a mountain, and of two 
places in Arabia. Name of a fortress in Spain. 

A »3,\ urlat. The foreskin. 

A Mj I dram. Name of a place. Arim, (A se- 
vere year) consuming, destroying (provisions or 
cattle). Name of a town in Mazandaran ; also of 
a village near jjIjL«*J dahistdn. 


X, (fut. ^b. yasrimu) H3 bit. 

p j,\ a>'m. The arm from the elbow to the shoul- 
der. Iram, Name of the inventor of instruments 
of war. Celebrated but fabulous gardens, said to 
have been anciently made in Arabia Felix by a king 

named Shaddad bin Aad, or Iram bin Omad. — 
Frequent mention is made of these gardens by the 
Eastern poets, who describe them as a perfect mo- 
del of that vohiptuous paradise which the Muham- 
madans are promised by their prophet. 

A ^^ arm, (v. n. of j^\) Twisting hard (a rope). 
Straming. PuUingtight. Biting. Cuttingoffpeo- 
ple (a severe year). Eating up all on the table. 
Soothing, cajoling. Being spent, consumed (pro- 
perty). The shape of the body, the jointing of the 
limbs. j^'^\ &Js<..>- hasanatu'l arm,{A girl) well 
formed, of a beautiful shape. JSiSj ^\ arma rea 
'llah, (or jJj^ J U,^ armd iva 7/aA) Truly as God 
liveth. Tram, Name of the first, or of the last jlp 
fad : also the name of their city ; or the name of 
their mother, or the name of their tribe. Name of a 
place given by Muhammad to (J^*?-i'f 5^- <^^ii f^ ^ 
ii\^\ iram zdtu'l Umad, Damascus. Alexandria. 
Name of a place in Persia. 'ixo^\ j,\ iramu'l hal- 
hat, (or SjJi&»3\ ^\ iramtyu'l kalhat) Name of a 
place between Basrah and Mecca. Aram, One, 
any one: as, (^^ j^ii^b ^ la hi'd ddr aram. There 
is nobody in the house. Iram, A mark or butt to 
shoot at. (pi. Jj 1 ardm and j,jj\ urwrn) A stone or 
post erected in the desertto direct travellers. 

A J^ urram. Cheek-teeth, the grinders. The 
tips of the fingers. Stones. Gravel. Jij^ lo^ 
iJjyt lut^fulanyuharriku falaylii'lurra7n,a, Such 
an one gnashes his teeth at him. 

A *U,1 annaj, Desert, desolate, empty (region), 
(pi. of /<c. ravmf) Small parts of clouds. Clouds 
raining large drops. Irmds, (v.n.4of U.) Remain- 
ing, dwelling. Increasing (upwards of a hundred). 
Approaching, drawing near. ( v. n. 4 of (<«, ) Throw- 
ing away, hurling, casting, flinging. Ejecting. Un- 
horsing. Exceeding, increasing. Giving usury. 
Lending or borrowing on interest. 

A \jLJ>\itJi amias, Old, worn-out ropes. Irmas, 
(v. n. 4 of<l*iCj) Leaving milk in the udder. Esta- 
blishing, confirming in the possession of property. 
Taking interest. Softening, smoothing. 

A -.^^ armdh, (pi. of vCj rurnh) Spears, lances. 
A ^lcj\ irmakh, (v. n. 4 of vOj)Bearingunripe 
dates (a palm). Becoming lenient and submissive. 
Waxing old and fat ( a quadruped). 

A <il«,l irmad, (v. n. 4 of ii.«j) Giving milk (a 

sheep or a cow). Being reduced to poverty by the 

loss of one's cattle. Visiting with ophthalmia (G od). 

A (^jJ^j\ armas (pl.of jj«/^ rams) Sepulchres, 

bury ing-grounds. 

A i^\kj\ irmdsh, (v. n. 4 of (jt^) Coming into 
leaf and bursting forth (a tree). Weeping profusely 
from weak, closed eyelids. Shedding tears scantily. 
A i^loj\ irmdz, (v. n. 4 of u^j) Being hot. 
Grazing under a scorching sun, or on a burning 
plain. Hurting with heat, scorching the feet (hot 
gi-ound). Grieving, afflicting, paining. 

( 62 ) 

A ^\i»J[ armdt, Name of a tree called ^f lio 
kddl, bearing a yellow flower. 

A (j»l>lcj^ armdtus. Name of a Grecian king 
in whose reign sealing clay was discovered. 

A ji^j^ armdjt, An old rope. (pi. of Jj*^ ra- 
malC) Last breaths of a dying person. 

p ti)l«il arvidli, A substance like cinnamon. 
A ciJU,^ armdh, (pi. of &X«, ramMhat) Mares. 
Jades. Irmdk, (v. n. 4 of lii*;) Making one 
stay in one place. 

A (jUj\ armdl, (or tiJl*.^ armdlt) A species of 
cinnamon brought from Arabia, Persia, and India. 
Armdl, (pi. of «U, rumlaf) Black lines (upon white 
or other-coloured cattle), (pi. of (J<«| ramal) Gen- 
tle, small rains. Inndl, (v. n. 4 of ^J-*, Weaving 
(a mat) of a flimsy texture. Covering a sofa with 
a texture of palm-leavesk Being smeared with gore 
(an arrow). Lengthening (a rope). Becoming a 
widow. Eating up, and being short of, provisions. 

A *l«,l anndm. Old, rotten (rope). Irmdm, (v. 
n.4of 1^) Becoming dried up and carious (bones). 
Being full of marrow. Being silent. Having a 
propensity to jest. 

p y\*)l drmdn. Desire. A sigh. Remorse. 

p [J^y armdn, Desire. A sigh, regret, vexa- 
tion, grief, sorrow. The anguish of repentance. A 
kind of drug which hardens the gums. Oh ! alas ! 
Irmdn, Any thing borrowed. Name of a city. 

p j^y>- fj^'^ ai-mdn-hhwdr. Wishful. Vexed. 

Vj^ U^'t)^ o-'>^ndn-khmur, Grieved, vexed. 

p ^j;\ju> jjl*. \ armdn-sardy. The house ofmourn- 
ing, i.e. the present world. 

p jjiiJoU,\ ai-mdnldan. To sigh. To be afflicted. 
To repent, to feel the anguish of repentance. 

p (J^JUj^ M-»4a«ZName of one ofZahhak's cooks. 

A 'iioA drimat, A tooth. A year of scarcity. 

A JUji arimat. Destructive (year). 

A i\*,l armad, Of an ash colour. Pernicious, 
destructive. Blear-eyed, sufferingfrom ophthalmia. 
Impalpable (ashes). 

A Ai^ji armidds. Ashes. 

A iilj.«j' irmiddd, (v. n. 9 of ;^*,) Sufifering from 
ophthalmia. Being ash-coloured. 

p »»X«jt dramda, Vexation, grief, sorrow. Re- 
pentance, remorse. Arainida, Reposed, rested. 

pj*,l urmuz or dj«j\ urmuzd. The first day of 
the month. Name of the angel who presides over 
the first day of the month. The planet Jupiter. 
Name of the son of Isfandyar. 

p i^jmOj\ urmus. The prophet Enoch. Hermes. 

P (ji^ t drtnish, (for ij^\j \ ) Quiet, repose. 

A (j£^' armash, Various or changed-coloured. 
Red about the eyelids with a running humour. 

A (_>a<,i armas. One in the inner corner of 
whose eye filth is collected. 

A {.jaicS armuz, (^Ufl*j\ armizds or i^a^S anni- 
zat) (pi. of (j^^^oAj ramazdn) Ramazans. 

A J^Uo,\ irmi^dl, (v. n. 4 of Jj«*, Q not used) 
Slavering (an infant). Being steeped (linen). Be- 
ing damp (a hide). Dripping (as fat from roasted 
meat). Flowing apace (tears). Crying aloud. 
Being dispersed (camels). Making haste. 

A ^jVi**,^ inni^dn, (v. n. 4 of ^^^ Q) Flowing, 
p ij^\ armaghdn or armughdn, A present, 
an offering. A piece of money. 

p (3^**,^ arma<7/iawt, A present from a distance. 
A "^y^S^S irmitjhlal, The flowing apace of tears. 
A J^^ irmikdk, (v. n. 9 of Jj/o^) Being thin 
(a raw hide). Being weak. Being slender, weak 
(a rope). Being cut off"(flocks, herds). Feebleness. 
A uiX<,\ armak. Ash-coloured (camel). Ar- 
muk, Name of an island in the sea of Yaman. 
p ijl^j] urmuh, A woollen garment. 
A uLl^^ irmj^aA, (v. n. 9 of til*,) Being small, 
delicate. Being slender-waisted. Colour of ashes. 
p ^JX/QJ\irma(/dn, A tntor. Happiness, felicity', 
p »1X«,T dram-gdh, A place of rest. Delight. 
A (Ujl armal, (pi. J^^ ardmil, ^y*^]y ardmll, 
and «i/«\.\ ardmilat) Widowed, in a state of celi- 
bacy. Poor, indigent, helpless, wanting victuals. 
(Ayear) barren, without rain or produce. (A sheep) 
with black feet. Annul, (pi. of J-«j rami) Sands. 
A «i/«j\ armalat, A widow, (pi. ^]j\ ardmil 
and ftUy ardmilat) Poor, needy (woman). Indi- 
gent, poor, feeble men or women. 

p f^.\ arman, (for (o* j^^ o-go^i' man) If 1.' Ar- 
man or irvian. Name of a part of the mountainous 
district of Azarbayjan, and the birth-place of Shl- 
rin, famous for the production of silk, 
p i\i<jl armand. At rest, reposed, 
p »t>i«.l armanda. Tranquil, quiet. 
A Is^ji armanty, A native of i^^^Jt inniniyat. 
Irmaniy, (pi. 'ixe\j\ ardminat) An Armenian. 
G tJl**)l ai'manin. The wild pomegranate. 
p »-i*jl irmaniya, Name of a city where for- 
merly stood a fire-temple called (jti-, J duruJthsh. 
A ftii/c.! annaniya, Ai-menia. This district, ac- 
cording to Eastern geographers, is much more ex- 
tensive than the coimtry so called by Europeans, 
being in general considered as nearly the same 
with the ancient Parthia. It is divided into 
Greater and Lesser Ai-menia. 

p liy*;^ armud, (for lijy*^ ami-vd) A pear, 
p sjj^i urTtiulat, (pi. (J^^j^ ardmil and |Jji*\;i 
ardmil) The stump left on the trunk of the plant 
JjS- wrfaj after lopping off" a branch. Widowed, 
poor, indigent (youth). 

p f^yj^ dnnun, Earnest-money, 
p {^yj\ ar-mun, Earnest, pledge, stipulation, any 
thing by which a promise or bargain is confirmed, 
p ijr^ytj\ armunitan, (in zand and Paz.) To 
sleep, repose. 

^jjjt^j^ M'Wii/fzaz, A giving, a bestowing. 
A |_^1 arma'. More or most expert at hurling a 


javelin or shooting an arrow, better or best shot. 

A ^j^ iram'iy or araniiy, Any one. A stone 
set up in a desert to direct travellers. Sign, vestige. 

A U«ji armiya' ,urmiya' , or irmiya' ,3 ereraiah. 
Elias. Ally. Jerusalem. Name of Bilyan. 


I urmiyat, Name of a city in Azarbayjan. 
p ^■^j I aramidagi, Rest, quiet. Modesty. 
p ^jiiok*, ! arairiidan, To rest, repose. 

p JJJk*, 

dramida, Quiet, rested, reposed. 

p »k5>x«,' ai'mtda, Rested, reposed, quiescent. 
Aj|^x«j\ irviizaz, (v. n. 11 of V*;) Departing, 
declining. Abiding, cleaving to. Moving (a large 
y). Being contracted, drawn together. 

der I 

p u<«A»ei\ arirm, A kind of thorn. 

A ^ISjl*,! imiihak, (v.n.ll of Jj*j) Being slen- 

and weak (a rope). Perishing with leanness. 

p (JJ*)^ a?7fti?i;The fourth son of kingKaykubad. 

A \^j\ amiina, Sal-ammoniac. 

A 'ijSj^.\ armttiiyat, or inmniyat, Name of a 
district in Natolia. A name of four countries. 

p ro^i*)^ aiinayun, Name of a Greek philoso- 
pher. Ingenious, intelligent. Asortof stone which 
breaks in a pentangular shape. 

p (J . I aran, (for ^j \ ) The elbow. The arm. 

A ^J^ am, (v.n. of ^^ .1) Biting. Aran, (v. n. 
oif^X) Being brisk and lively. Arin, Brisk, lively, 
joyous, spirited. TJrun, (pi. oi^J<J\ iran) The dens 
of wild beasts, (pi. of (o vj^ aiun) Poisons. The 
brains of elephants. 

p fjj\ arran, (in zand and Pazand) A ewe. 

A -^lij^ imai, (v. n.4 of \3. for_jij) Causing to 
look, or listen attentively. 

A 1 »13,1 irnaf, (v.n.4of (__a>j) Drooping (his) 

ears from fatigue (a camel) ; also making a pecu- 
liar motion with (his) head when travelling. Tra- 
i^uUing with expedition (a man). 
I^f A yj^J^ irnak, (v. n. 4 of Jjij) Waving a ban- 
ner when about to charge an enemy. Being shaken 
(a flag). Muddying (water). Clearing the eye of 
motes. Abiding in one place. Being perplexed, 
non-plused, coming to a stand-still. Fluttering the 
wings and remaining stationary in the air (a bird). 
Stealing over the eye-lids (sleep). 
^^^ A 1^)^} imdn, (v. n. 4 of ^J) Resounding, 
^^^anging (a bow). Groaning, crying out. Listen- 
ing unto. 

A (— .*^^ amab, (pi. i_-oV^ aranih and ^^U 
arani) A hare. A kind of ornament. A kind of 
field-mouse with a short tail. A woman's name. 
ijj^. '-7^^ amahi hahri, A kind of poisonous fish. 

A J^V^j^ arnahaniy, Sombre (silk or beaver). 

A «-ij\ amahat, The tip or ridge of the nose. 
A female hare. 

A ftiO)^ amahiyat, A species of white thistle. 

p U*>.\ amalnz, A kind of herb, dragon-wort. 

A «i,\ Mma<, New cheese. Any thing drinkable. 
A grain with which they curdle milk. A lizard's nest. 

( 63 ) 

p ^j I aranj, The elbow. The arm from the 
shoulder to the elbow. 

p ^j\ aranj, The elbow. 

s ii«_)j' arand, The castor-oil plant. 

p (j^jjj' aranddn. Denial, refusal, prohibition. 
Heaven forbid ! Let it not be ! 

A •-lijji arandaj, or irandaj, (from p Jjj, 
randa, Shaved, scraped, curried) Black leather. 

p SiW) I aranda, A bringer. A porter, carrier. 

p '•L^j I drang. Colour. Mode, form, manner. 
Thought, doubt, suspicion. Grief, trouble, affliction. 
Craft, deceit, stratagem. A kind of fruit. Like, 
resembling, in form of. A viceroy. A governor. 
The elbow. Apparently. Never. Amanufactoiy. 

pjlji,\ arnawaz:. Name of the sister of Jamshed. 

A Csi^}>y arnamdiy, An Albanian or Epirot. 

p Wj\ ar na, (for aj ji\ agar na) If not. 

A(3j\ urna', A grain used for curdling milk. 

Fji^j\ aranyabaj, aranyabij, (orjXi_ ^j j\ aran 
by) Brazilian wood. 

A ^^jj> irwas, (v. n. 4 of U,) Abounding in any 
place (the plant A. rds, or Palma Christi). (v. n. 4 
of iSjj) Giving to drink. Inducing one to repeat 
the words of another. Taking thought for, consi- 
dering attentively. The eighth day of Zii'l hijjat. 

A (^V,\ arn-ds, (pi. of ibj^j rarvsat) Horse- 
dungs. Tips of noses. 

A w-V)^ anvdh. The afternoon, (pi. of _ «, ruh) 
Spirits, souls, minds, (pi. of ^ ■ I'tli) Winds. Ir- 
jvdh, (v. n.4of_\. for _jj) Repaying a debt. Giv- 
ing repose. Smelling an (agreeable) odour. Snuf- 
fing the odour of a man (game). Stinking. 

A i\^S irrcdd, (v. n. 4 of iil\j for lij .) Walking 
leisurely and comfortably. Driving gently. Assist- 
ing, favouring. Being benevolent, kind, and easy. 

A i^^jji irwdz, (v. n. 4 of (_^^ for (^_jj) 
Abounding in gardens or lawns (a palace). 

A f.\}j\ arrcdi, (pi. of *jV rdsif) Handsome, 
winning, engaging. 

A ^^j .\arn,-aA, (pi. of jjji J raw/e) Tents. Horns. 
Clear waters. Sides of eyes. Tears. wVji^ (_^^ 
alka' arwdkahu, He ran violently. He remained 
quiet in one place. «jljJ\ (_J^ *^\j iV i<^ rama' 
bi arwdkihi fala'd ddbbat. He mounted his beast. 
He dismounted. «J%j\ "■^J^s'*' ij^^ alka' falayka 
arwaAo/m, You like him much. 'jA^"^ C* a M 
^\jj) alkali's sahdbatu arwdhahd. The cloud 
poured down its pure waters, ^y^^ lJJJ '^'^^"'^'^ '^ 
layl, The middle of the darkness of night. 

A *\jj^ arTOa?re,(pl.of *• J rum?) Greeks, Romans, 
especially of the Eastern empire. Turks. 

A (j\jj^ ariwdn, Name of a city in Armenia. 

p ftj^jj^arwana, A wild violet. Akindofcamel. 

A t— .>jj^ arreab. Turgid, torpid from satiety or 
too much sleep. Disturbed in mind. 

p i^^^jS arubak, Remote, distant. Old. 
p -.Jj^ <^'''oj, The juniper-tree. 

A -.jj\ armah. More or most refreshing or con- 
ducive to repose. Spacious (camel-litter). One 
whose toes turn in. 

A ^jj\ uruhh, (pi. of ^S arhh or irkh) Bulls. 

A a^S ai~wad. One who accomplishes his work 
quietly and easily. 

Pj jj^ u)-mar, (in zand and Paz.) Vegetables. 

A J «,\ aruz, Firm, steady, rooted, fixed. Col- 
lected, drawn together, contracted. Avaricious, co- 
vetous, tenacious. Uruz, (v. n. of J ,1) Being ga- 
thered together. Contracting one's self, drawing 
back through avarice. Being firm, steady, rooted, 
fixed. Taking refuge in her hole, returning to it, 
and abiding there (a serpent). Being cold (nigh t). 

A (^jj\arjz«, (pi. of^^^juljr'a-t*) Heads. Chiefs. 

p t^ji>mj\ arus, Furniture. Clothes. 

p ^jjl arusd, Name of an Indian plant. 

A 0"Jj^ m-ush, (pl.of ;_)i,^ a7-«/t) Fines, mulcts 
for the shedding of blood. 

A {^j.\uruz, (pi. of{^j\ arz) Earths, grounds. 

A cjjl ai'waf, (pi. C.JJ ru^ and p'_jj^ arwd^ 
Handsome, winning, engaging (either by comeli- 
ness or courage). 

p c,jjl drwjk, A belch, yii^ii cjjl To belch, 

A cjjl arwaijh. More or most subtle or crafty. 

p k,t\ arugh, A stem, stalk, family. Urugh, 
An ox-hide. A large owl. A day. A mountain 
(according to Eastern tradition) forty leagues in 
height, from whose summit flow 1000 fountains 
each as large as the river Oxus. ^^<i/ fjj^ urugh 
kardan. To dress leather. To clean. 

p f^i^^^j\ drwjhtdan. To belch. 

p ijj 1 di~u.k, A belch. 

A (jj j^ armah, (Aman) whose front upper teeth 
project over the lower. (A horse) between whose 
ears thecavalierpointshis lance. ^_y^ \J^ J^^ ij\) 
J .j\ rasa' I gkul »ala' jamal arwak, He saw a dra- 
gon mounted on a black and white camel (an Ara- 
bian proverb, applied to those who are apprehen- 
sive of imaginary dangers, or fancy they see mon- 
strous appearances). 

A *»V)^ arnikat, (pi. of ^j. rawk) Curtains be- 
fore doors, (pi. of ijV) riwdk or rurvdW) Tents of 
goats' hair. Porticoes. 

A t^j j^ uruk, (v. n. of tilj^) Feeding upon the 
tree Liiy am^. Abiding in the same place. Going 
down (a swelling). Persevering in any dilatory 
business. Inclining from side to side. Fastening 
(a business) upon any one. 

A Jjj^ aryul, (pi. of JK ratT) Young ostriches. 

A jt^Ji arum, Origin, stock, root (of a tree or 
horn). Urum, (pi. of *>\ irani) Signs, marks, di- 
rection-posts or mile-stones. Sepulchral monu- 
ments, grave-stones of ii\* fad. The part where 
the sides of the head meet before, (pi. of JUj,^ 
arumat or urumat') Roots, stocks, origins. 

A *i*jij^ arumat or urumat, (pi. j,^\ urwn) A 

root, stock, origin. **«,^^ caUj^ (^ [j^ *'<'/* 
min atyahi'l arumat, A well-disposed mind. 

p «*j .\ aruma, A plant whence potash is made. 

p ^^J\ ai-un, (or ^^^ arm), Amiable, attrac- 
tive, winning qualities. 

A ^^J^ arun, Cheerful, lively, brisk, (pi. ^^J^ 
vrun) Poison, venom. The brain of an elephant. 
Iriin or wun, (pi. of *i,^ irat) Fire-places, hearths. 

A ^J6JJ\arn•atldn, Sound. Severe, painful (day). 
(A day) of extreme transport, or excessive sorrow. 

p ^^J^ arunitan, (in zand and Paz.) To wash. 

p jjjj 1 arrvand, Majesty, grandeur, pomp. 

p iWj j^ arrvand, Experience, proof. The best 
part of any thing. Majesty, grandeur, pomp. Ele- 
gance, beauty, gracefulness. Wish, desire. A sigh 
of regret. The ocean. The Tigris. Name of a 
mountain in Hamadan. Name of the father of Lo- 
horasb. Name of a fountain in Sistan. 

p \^\sij\ arwanrfa&jNameofZahhak'sfather. 

p (^ J.> j6jj\ aiivandidan. To be lazy. To louse. 

G (j-ijj^ arunis. Valerian. 

A l$j^ arwa'. She mountain-goats. 

A 'i^jji arrviyat, (pi. of A^j riwa/) Ropes with 
which they fasten loads on beasts of burden. 

A JOj,) urmyat, (or irmiyat) (pi. Jfj^ aramiy 
or (Jju^ ariva') A she mountain-goat. 

p if^jj^ arms, (or (j^^jj^ arrcisK) A board 
whereon the Parsis place the vessels used in their 
religious ceremonies. A hair-rope. 

p (o^j J I arrchi, (or {^.jj>) Experiment, trial. 

p »j 1 ara. Root or lower part of teeth, gums. 

p S^^ arra, A saw. ^^ JoiS »J1 arra kashidan. 
To saw. ^^\li^liX» J^l arran mar-dandan, A saw 
of serpents' teeth. 

A f\i)j\ irhas, (v. n. 4 of Ifc, for j*,) Supplying 
constantly with meat and drink. Persevering in 
eating the same kind of victuals. Coming into a 
spacious district. Marrying a wide woman. 

A Lji^l*j\ arhab. Timid birds, not rapacious (in 
opposition to hawks and other birds of prey). Ir- 
hah, (v. n. 4 of t—^) Intimidating. Driving away 
(a camel) from a cistern. Riding on a lean or a 
tall camel. Having long sleeves. 

A jr^^ irliaj, (v. n. 4 of J^, obsolete) Raising 
(dust). Raining plentifully. Having (a house) 
full of vapours or smoke. 

A {^\i>\ irhds, (v. n. 4 of j_>a*j) Laying a 
foundation of large stones in a wall. Building (a 
wall) with clay. Laming a horse by means of a 
stone sticking in the hoof. Bestowing abundantly 
the goods of this world (God). Persevering in 
any bad habit. Obstinacy, pei-verseness. 

A laXtij] arhat, (or la*,\ arhui) (pi. of ia*, raht) 
Families or tribes of men, from two to ten, living 
together without women. 

A i_Jl*,) irhaf, (v. n. 4 of i-ifc,) Whetting, 
sharpening (a sword). 

( 64 ) 

A jl*,^ irhah, (v. n. 4 of Jfc,) Bringing near, 
causing to approach. Obliging, forcing, compel- 
ling, imposing a heavy, oppressive burden. Being 
hard upon. Being dilatory in saying prayers ; de- 
ferring those prayers which, among the Muham- 
madans, ought to be said at one hour, till the next 
hour of prayer arrives. Causing one to hasten 
away from prayer. Exciting to rebellion. Attach- 
ing rebellion to any one. 

A f^j^ irliam, A raining gently. 

A ^j\i,\«>/ian,(v.n.4of^^) Pledging, pawn- 
ing (a gai-ment). Giving (a son) as a hostage. 
Exposing to danger. Establishing, fixing, render- 
ing perpetual. Buying dear. Making high (a 
price). Paying a part of the price (by way of secur- 
ing a purchase). Doubling. Burying (the dead). 
Making weak. 

p ^j^l»- »j\ arrajan, (called also (j\i- ij\ arra- 
ghan) Name of a city 60 leagues from Shiraz. 

p li*,^ arhad, A species of grain. 

p jjbj l.\ ari'a-zahan, A backbiter, slanderer. 

A &lafc,\ arhitat (pi. of ial*, rihat) Skins 
whence thongs are cut. 

P C«oiN^ arhaft. Name of a Hindu prophet. 

p (jiS lj\ arra-hash, A sawyer. 

A jjs>\ arham, Well watered. More fruitful. 

P tLCfeil arhang, Name of a town in Badakh- 
shan, and a place of pilgrimage, called also i^J^S 
(;^j*-»- arhang husayn, because the head of All's 
son Husayn was buried there. The shop of Mani. 

A (j^_fc.\ urhun, Menstruous (girl). 

P (jr, t art, Yes, very w^Il, indeed, truly. No. 

A (^1 arty, (C,l art, or »J,I anyat, (pi. (^j\)^ 
amar'iy or ijS^Sawar'i) A tethering-post. A manger. 

A (Cj^ ary, (v. n. of t^ji) Making honey (a 
bee). Driving the clouds (wind). Pouring forth 
rain (a cloud). Being burnt at the bottom (a ket- 
tle), and leaving something sticking there. Re- 
maining in the stall (cattle). Feeding in the same 
stall and being familiar (cattle). Bearing malice. 
Honey. Whatever adheres to the sides of the hive. 
A copious fall of rain. Whatever sticks to the 
bottom of the pot. Whatever falls from the hand 
or mouth when eating. A viscous kind of dew. 
(pi. of ^J^J raty) Opinions, views, doctrines. Art, 
(or ijji arty) (pi. Hjj^j^ arvariy') A stable, stall. 
A post, a tether. A hay or corn-bin. 

A J^J^ aryah, (pi. of ^j rih) Winds. 

A oi^j\ aryash, (pi. of ;jiJj rM) Feathers. 

A cbjl arya^ (pi. of «>, ri^) Rising grounds, 
hills. Paths over, or through mountains. 

A i_Jbj\ aryBf, (pi. of i_ajj rtf) Well culti- 
vated, planted, improved (grounds), rich in com and 
pasture. Iryaf, (v. n. 4 of (_J^ for i_ijj) Coming 
into that kind of country which is called ■ , _ o> , rif. 
Abounding in pasturage. 

A J^j^ aryak, (pi. of Jij n/t) Spittles. 

A t—*^ .^ arih. Sagacious, cunning, shrewd, sly. 
P t— A^.j^ ureb, Crooked, inverted. 
A &f>j^ arlbat. Large, capacious (cauldron). 
A (.Ia^j^ arts, Fire. 

A ^J\ aiy, (or 'i4'j\ arijat) (v. n. of _,^) Send- 
ing forth an agreeable perfume. A sweet smell. 
A ^ \ aryah. Wide, roomy, spacious (camel- 
litter). Easier, happier. 

A U^j^ ariha, Jericho in Palestine. 

A "^j^ aryahiy. Liberal-minded. Of an open, 
generous disposition. 

A iw^ 1^ aryahiyat. Cheerfulness, alacrity in 
bestowing a gift. 

p Si,j> liJ . I arid band, (or SiJ liJ,^ irid bind) 
A kind of medicine brought from Sijistan, resem- 
bling in shape an onion cut through the middle. 

p (oii^o' cLvidan, To adorn. 

p j>, \ arir. Sagacious, shrewd. Sober, chaste. 

A J j\ ar'ir, The shout of triumph of a loose fel- 
low at a gaming-table. Victory, conquest. Noise. 

A )).j^ ariz. Frost, hoar-frost, rime. A cold 
day. A chief, a leader. 

p (j->)^ ares. Quick-sighted, acute. 

A (j»ij^ arts, (pi. f^y^S artsun) A husband- 
man. Name of a well in Madina. 

A it"^ irris, (pi. (ov»*i'o^ irrimin, 'iMtSS ara.' 
risat, {j^..j[y araris, and ^^j**; V <^raris) A plough- 
man, husbandman, farmer. A prince, a headman. 

A fjy^.Sarisun, (pi. of (j-J,\ arts) Ploughmen. 

A ij\y^j\ irrlsun,(^p\. of ij-^l irm)Ploughmen. 

p s^j\ ui'ua. The district of Orissa (in India). 

A r^— >j^ arisiy, A ploughman, a farmer. 

p (ji^^ artsh. Ingenious, clever. 

A u^j^ aryash, Hairy-eared and faced. Weak. 

A i^jQij ariz, Broad, wide, large. Abounding 
in vegetation. Worthy, suitable. Pure, clean. 
Humble, modest. Fat (kid). 

A'i*aJj\ awa<, (Land) clean, pleasant to the eye. 

A laij^ arit. Unfruitful, childless (man). 

p k->, ! ar'igh, Avei-sion, abhorrence. Hatred. 

A JjJjl urayh, (dim. of jj_j^ awrak) A little 
tawny coloured (camel). 

A (jtiL>,\ iiraykish, (dim. of (ji5.^) Speckled. 

A laib,^ ttraykit, (dim. oii^Sarkat) A surname. 

P udlij^arih, (inzandand Paz. )Distant, remote. 

A tib,^ arih, (pi. oi'sSjS) Thrones, couches. 

A BA^_j\arikat,{^\.Lt\iSarika.nAi.iM\J\araAh) 
The soundness and wholesome flesh of a healed 
woxmd. An ornamented sofa or couch in a state 
apartment. Any place raised above the ground 
for reclining upon. 

p (^.jj-io »Vj^ arika-nishin. Sitting on a throne. 

^ l3^^ «?•«»//, Name of a man. 

A 'ij^..j\ ariUyat, Name of a fortress in Spain. 

A |Cjl arim, One, any one. A sign or trace. 

A 'ifyi uraymat. Name of a place. 

P t;^ ' az-iw, A cubit. 




A ^^j\ arin, (v. n. of jo;^) Being lively and joy- 
ous. Blood allowed to be shed with impunity. A 
place. Urayn, A grain used for curdling milk. 

A «*i> .\ uraynibat, A species of white thistle. 

p J I az, Desire, love, passion, lust. Avidity, 
avarice, covetousness. Greedy. Name of a city. 

pj\ az, From. Of. For. By. Out of. With. 
Belonging to. By means of. In exchange. On. 
Than. Through. Off. After. j^J^jii ^Tj) 
ti>JtX> az dtishha dude na dida, Inexperienced in 

the vicissitudes of fortune. ^*'** >»jl« \j m^ I i a)l jl 

az alifi adam to. mlmi masih, From Adam to Christ. 
J^ u' J^ '^^ "'* M, or ji I J^ az arm, His, her, or 
hers. ^J^y Ij 1 j\ a« an eshan, Their, theirs. j\ 
jb j^ I «z an hdz, From thence, from that time. 
ji ro I J^ az dni tu, Thy, thine. l»- f^\ j^az dnjd, 
Thence, from that place. KJm ^\ ^az dni shwnd, 
Your, yours, a i^\ j\az dni hi. Whose 1 ^ ^^ I jl 
az dni md, Our, ours, ^j* lo' J^ <** S*** man, My, 
mine. liS (^4>U j^ J^ «« w dzddi hard, He de- 
clared him free. U- (oi^ J^ «2: mjd, Hence, from 
this place. U- (^3j^ «^ w«Ja, (Cjuuiij^^ J^ a^Mi 
dast, or L i-t"' /^3j^ 0'~ *'* ««&«&) On this account, 
c— oW (^3 J^ a^: injdnib, From this side or part. 
ftJlJf f^\ J^ flz i« jumla, From all this. ^^3 J^ 
{j"^ az in sipas. Henceforth, ^bj^ az hold, From 
above. ,_y\jJj\a«JiVa^, For, because of. {j)ji j^ 
s5o 1 az hirdyi dnki. On account that. (^^'WJ i^j^ 
az hnni danddn, (jii j (^»» ;;;? J^ «^ ^^wi si u du, 
(_)ij^ (i;? J^ '^^ ^"'^^ ^osA, or jyi-u ^^ j\ az huni 
ndhhun) Obedience, hearty service. Cheerful. Ac- 
cumulated, treasured up. (^^-So\ %^ j\ az bahri 
eshdn, On their account. *»- j^ j\ az bahri chi, 
On what account? \ji>- j^ j\ az bahri hhudd, 
For God's sake^ (j>^.'^ jt? J^ a^; bahri didan, In 
order to see. i>j*>> j^ J^ az 6aAri sud. On account 
of gain, jic j^_ j\ az bahri namdz. In order for 
prayer. j^tilxJ^ tf^J^ azpdy uftddan, To fall into 
disgrace, misery, want. To slip, to fall. To die. 
To retain no trace of former splendour. ji5 b j\ 
Miijj 1 az pd dar drvardan,To throw down, enfeeble, 
or destroy. i^<^ j^A az pargdr shudan, To 
be in an ectasy, beside one's self, {^jji *'^jij^ 
^^S^i> az parda birun shudan. To exceed bounds. 
jj»J j\ az pas. From behind, (^li^l j^ tJl.« »> ^ j' 
az post bar dmadan. To disclose one's secrets. To 
renounce the world, one's selfishness, or carnality. 
To laugh. To attain one's object. (jSj^JJ^ azpesh, 
From before. (jJi*lju»> /oVj^ azjdn ser dmadan. 
To be weary of life. To be wide awake. >S*^ J* 
azjihat. On account of, because. Jj . iJa»- j\ az 
chand roz. How long since ? How many days ? 
j\ *:ij^ J ti)li-j\a2 /jAaA hargiriftanu, (He is) 
his client and dependant. ^^C>^\ j>- j\ az hhar 
uftddan, To fall from the ass (met.). To die. j\ 
i5j>- az hhrvud, Voluntarily, f^i^ t.-'jl*' 'ij*' j' 
az kkrcvd ghdMb shudan, To be absent, inattentive. 

( 65 ) 

(Jl*n>i>j\ az dost, Weak. A subject, a vassal. \\ 
f^X^S j> iJL*tnd az dast bar giriftan, To extermi- 
nate, to destroy, (^ji-.^ JSii < "■•■'i> J^ az dasti 
dahr jastan. To escape from the world; to die. jl 

»^j (JluMti az dast rafta, (or Si\wi ij* ^J^ a^ 

c?as!! shicda) In an ecstacy, beside one's self. JiiJ^ 
iVe I az (^27 dmad, It came into his mind, it occur- 
red to him, he recollected. He did not succeed. 
jjiij\ az dur, From afar. \^)o j<>J^ az du taraf. 
Mutual, reciprocal, from both sides. ^^iJ> 1>)j j^ 
az rah burdan. To carry or lead out of the road, 
to seduce, deceive, ruin, ^^<^t^ »-io.J>i\ tl^ j\ 
az ragi andesha chahidan, To consider attentively, 
tj^— »• (^Vj j' <^^ zahdn jastan, To commit a blun- 
der in speaking. /jJ**! jii (oVj j^ az zabdn dar 
dmadan, To be guilty of a slip of the tongue. \\ 
f^iijSAjui az sar afgandan, To dethrone. y*» j^ 
tJw» jj az sar guzashtan, To desist, withdraw one's 
hand. To resign one's life. OwXjI j*** j\ az sar 
angusht, Rashly, inconsiderately. (j^, b ww j\ 
jjiXuJ azsaripdravdn shudan, To go quickly. j"»J^ 
i^j^^\_js>- a« «ar khmdstan, To risk one's life. t*«> J^ 
Cl<uMi> az sar rfa«<. Off-hand, wdthout reflection. J^ 
(^lip j*ii» az sar hardan, To seduce. To contradict, 
to give the lie. /oi^V^ j*»* J^ az sar nihddan, To 
turn upside down. "ip\j r»» J^ a^ *ar »« ^arti, It 
dropped from his memory, he neglected. O^^ 
azas/t. From that time ; from him; from them. j\ 
iJl«M>^ i3^^ '-r^J*' *^ az s/(aA khvh ittifdk ast, 
Is he on good terms with the king ? /o*^^^ i^^j^ 
az shikam uftddan. To die. jm*" *— *^. t— *»-bej\ 
(«i)iiJu« az saAii yak suhhan ml ddram,. Sir, I want 
to have a word with you. ^i^^^^ Jii 3^ J^ ^^ 
tdki dil uftddan, To fail in one's schemes. iSj jj J^ 
azfrod, From below. m'V' ^'^j^ az kaht mur- 
dan, To perish by famine. j^JJ^i.^ iJIi"»n^jOj\ az 
Aar (ias< hashidan, To give over an enterprise. j\ 
Wr azAiy'a, Whence? (JlA*o\jBr:)az/!tyas<, Whence 
is it ? (Jii) »^ jWz (/inVi raftan. To be squan- 
dered, lavished away. J.> &»- ^i J^ az gilhd chi 
gil. From what stock (art thou) ? U jl az ma, 
From us. j^j^ ^^ J^ az wiare dar guzar, Pardon 
my fault, jjb* J^ az miydn, From among. _jij\ 
az ware. Anew, afresh, again, ii.^ Jo ^ j\ az u 
bdr khreurd. He is offended at him. iJL*^ j> j J i 
az u bar bast. He reaped the fruit of it. jJujJ j j\ 
iSp az u pahlu hard. He retired far from him. j j) 
lip |-^ jliji az M pahlu tihi hard, and li^i S,bi _jj\ 
az M kandra hard. The same. ^S J>i j j\ az m 
digar hard, He turned from him. Ou>>)ii^ 13"^ jj' 
az M rfz'Z bar ddsht. He was enraged at him. j J^ 
jo^ (o^iWii az u danddn bar kan, or (o^'*^'^ _j J^ 
(^jij^ ijjk*\ az u danddni umed bar kan, Draw out 
the tooth of hope, give up all hopes of it. c^ jj\ 
iS,JS az u zdgh girift. He took the crow from him, 
i.e. he over-reached him. li^J 'J^ ij^ "~ " S^V 
hurd. He seized the ball from him, he wrested the 


victory from him. li^J J^ jj^ ^^ ^ taivh burd, 
The same. _jiL* i_>l)\p jj\ az u ghdtib ma shav. 
Be not absent from that, ?. e. Neglect it not. c/j J^ 
az way. From him. j^i>JLli\ jo*^"^ t/j J^ az may 
ddmaii afshdndan. To g^ve a thing up. j^ ** J^ 
^ji\« I az ham bar dmadan. To be disturbed, sad, 
and melancholy. jjiJ**'* r^ J^ *^ ^'^"* shudan. To 
be separated. To expand, open, blossom. ^jiJ lib j\ 
az ydd burdan, To forget. (j5j^. (r^ij^ az i?i ftesA, 

A j\ azz, (v. n. of jl) Moving, removing, shak- 
ing, agitating. Kindling, lighting (a fire). Bub- 
bling, boiling (a cauldron). Rumbling at a dis- 
tance (clouds). Exciting, stimulating, impelling. 
Accumulating, collecting. The motion or beating 
of the pulse. Pain from pimples or prickly heat. 
The boiling, ebullition, or pouring out of water. 
The over-milking a camel. Coitus. 

V \\ I dzd, Mastic. Over against, opposite. 

A lj\ azasa, (fut. ^b ya.cza^i) He satisfied (the 
cattle), he filled (them) with food. He dared not, 
he desisted (from any thing) through timidity. 

A -P \j\ izsdi, (v. n. 4 of t^Jj) Incommoding and 
preventing from walking (a full belly). 

A AJ izds, Whatever tends to support life ; its 
comforts and luxuries. Situation, place. Whatever 
is opposite to and corresponding with it, as a foun- 
tain-head to the well or reservoir into which the 
water flows. Acanal, conduit, or pipe of lead, wood, 
stone, or leather, which conveys water from the 
spring to the reservoir; also the mouth of the urn, 
water-course, or conduit, from whence the water 
flows into a cistern or pond. A cause. A prop, 
support, stay. The manager of an estate, whb bi 
izdnhi. Over against him. f^jy «zaj?</iMw, Their 
peers or equals. ijS>Ji«5^ AJ izdfu'l ^ysh. The 
conveniences of life. ^J^ -^^^ izdm'l harb, He 
who begins or supports a war. j*j\ Aj\ izdsu'lamr. 
One who presides over, or attends to, a business. AJ 
Jl^UzajM'ZmaZ, A steward, manager of property. 

p (--'^j I dzdb, An unmarried man. A recruit. 

p ^jlJu>)ljl dzdhistdn, New levies, in which 
none but unmarried men are enrolled. 

A 1^\J\ azdhiy, (pi. of ^j\ uzbiy) Ways of 
walking. Evils, difiicult affairs. Velocities. 

A 'iS\J izdtat, (v. n. 4 of C^\j for Cloj) Hav- 
ing abundance of oil. 

A _^ I dzdj, (pi. of ^J azaj) Oblong edifices 
with arched roofs, corridors, arched galleries. 

A 'i^-SJ izdhat, (v.n. 4 of _.\j for ^J) Perform- 
ing, completing, bringing to a conclusion. Driv- 
ing away. Removing (any thing from its place). 
Rendering inclined. 

A e.i-\\\ izdkhat, A driving off, a putting away. 

p liU I dzdd, Free, independent, liberated, deli- 
vered, manumitted, exempted. A lily. A cypress. 
A fresh date. An evergreen. A delicious kind of 

fish. The upas-tree. The mountain Alwand. Name 
of a hamlet in the district of Nakhchuwan. Fault- 
less. Solitary, lonely. A kind of fakeer, or de- 
votee. iJj^j' "^53 "*"'' "^'^ hare, Free from care, 
disengaged from business. i,J^jy^\)^ azadjiruhh- 
tan, To sell out and out, and unconditionally. C>\j t 
^Jif azad kardan, To set at liberty, absolve, dis- 
miss, allow to go away. ^^^ ^^j 1 azad shudan, 
To be liberated, dismissed, permitted to depart. 
:>\j \ jjut sarvi azad, The cedar, the tall cypress. 

p \j 1 li^ I azad-ama, (Free voice) A manner of 
reciting the praises of God. 

A »i3^j^ izadat, (v. n. 4 of ii\j for i>jj) Provid- 
ing with travelling necessaries. 

pJii- ii\:la«arf-/t/jaZA,Mankindat large. Azad- 
hkulk, Free (men), unblemished in body or mind. 

p jj^ii C)\\ 1 azad-daru, A species of beet-root. 

p O^i-jii li^ I azad-dirakht, (The free tree) A 
kind of tree wliich abounds in Georgia, and called 
there (JJ*) jfcj zahri zamin. Poison of the earth. 
In Persia it is called ^lia tak or tdiil» tagliah. 

T ^j'^% (5^1 dzad-kdghizi, A letter of liberty, 
a charter. 

p ^^/li^l dzadagl, Freedom, independence. 

p i_ffiije ii]3 1 dzdd-mardi. Liberty, freedom. 

p 8jXo ii\j I dzdd-miva, A confectionery made 
of sugar-candy and almonds. 

p j\j"i^j I dzadwdr, Name of a note in music. 
Name of a village famous for fruit, especially grapes. 

p »ii\j I azada, Free. Perfect, intact, pure. Ex- 
cellent, noble. Venerable. The lily. The cypress. 
»iih I ijt mardi dzdda, A noble, liberal, frank, dis- 
tinguished man. iC)\\\ J idyji\ usuda u dzdda. 
Easy and free. /y^ i^ Sii^j ' dzddati haydi 
iishk, Free from the fetters of love. 

p A»- %S\j I a2arfa-A/«ram,GracefuHn walking. 

p j»- Siilj I dzdda-hho, Name of the wife of Tiir. 

P j\i> Jii^l dzdda-ddr, A boaster. 

p jwW »li Sjljl dzdda-gdhi jama, The place 
where a piece of cloth is cut from the loom. 

p (^iS^J I dzddl, Liberty. Freedom from worldly 
cares. Praise, thanksgiving. ^^i>p ^j\j 1 To praise. 

A h^]\ azdz, A sort of date. 

p jIj I dzdr, Trouble, disorder, affliction, sick- 
ness, disease, gi'ief, vexation, molestation, injury, 
outrage. Importunity. Money, a drachma, (in 
composition) Chiding, reproaching, teasing, af- 
fronting ; as j^J I jj\j>- jdn-dzdr, Tormenting the 
soul ; cruel, brutal, i^^rj'j^ ^^^'' ^'■O'l'dan, (or 
^^i>\^\^ dzdr dddari) To molest, vex, rebuke, re- 
vile, censure, quarrel, plague, torment, importune, 
jli' J j]/*^ azrdr u dzdr. Injury and reproof. \\ I 
(Jiib dzdr ydftan, To be in trouble, to be sick. 
^^i» j^ 1 dzdn talklia. The jaundice. 

A jTjl izfdr, (v. n. 4 ofM) Growling inwardly. 

p j^l izdr, A sash of fine muslin wrapt round 
the turban. Trowsers, drawers reaching to the feet. 

( 66 ) 

A cloth worn round the loins and passed between 
the legs. See also (--» 1 »i6, ^^J bum rang-db. 
jjb jJLlS .\j\ izdri kishfihdn. Sailors' breeches. 

\"J\^ izdr, (pi. S,J I dzirat and jj^ uzur or uzr) 
A veil of fine linen or muslin, which, in the East, 
flows from the ladies' heads below the middle of 
the leg. Any thing, in general, which covers the 
naked body. Trowsers, breeches, drawers. The 
skirts of a tent. Chastity. A woman. A sheep. 
The sound by which sheep are called to be milked. 

p 6M jW izdr-hand. The string of the di-awers. 

p «jL^ ,jiiJ^Sj\ izdr-bandi rishta, Connexion 
through a wife ; petticoat-interest. 

p b jW izdr-pd, Breeches. Inner breeches, 
drawers reaching to the feet. 

p 8j)j^ izdrat, (v. n. 4 of .U for. jj) Inducing, 
inciting one to visit. Breeches, trowsers. 

p |»i^^^ azdrdam, A kindofpulse, French bean. 

p j^ii)^ I dzdrdan. To injure, oppress, revile. 

p *J 1^1 dzdr-dih. Troublesome, injurious. 

p SiJJ.iij^ I dzdr-dida. One who has seen trouble. 

p (j^**^j j5jl dzdr-rasdn, Troublesome, riotous; 
hurtful, injurious. An incendiary. 

p 5 jJuojjVj I dzdr-rastda, Vexed, distressed. 

p {j^J^j 1 dzdrish, Molestation, trouble, annoy- 
ance, uneasiness. 

A'ijj\\\ azdrikat. Name of a sect of heretics in 
the Eai-t, declared and powerful enemies of the Mu- 
hammadan religion. They trace their origin to *Jl> 
(JjJ^^ (^ ^^fi^bini'l azrak. 

p J>i«i)j t dzdrmand. Sick, infirm, afflicted. 

p 8iV)|j I dzdranda. Troublesome, injurious, se- 
ditious. A hui'ter, a tormentor. 

p tV));^ izdrud or azdrud, Transoxania. 

p Jjlj^ izdra, A low wall in front of a house. 

p tj;j\j I dzdri. Trouble, affliction. Sick. A pa- 
tient. Insolent. 

p ^jiJo,\j 1 azaHrfaw,Tomolest,afflict,harass,vex. 

Aj\j\ azdz, (v. n. ofj\) Bubbling (a boiling pot 
or purling stream). 

P c\j I dzdgh, Any thing whose inside is black 
and viscous. 

A i_.»P^^\ al azdghib, Name ofa place in Arabia. 

A 6.i\j\ izdghat, (v. n. 4 of c\j for cjj) Moving 
(any thing) from side to side in order to tear (it) 
up. (v. n. 4 of i^ iorj^j) Causing to incline. 

A (_jTj\ izsdf, (v. n. 4 of uJ]]) Hasting to des- 
patch (a wounded man). Oppressing any one (the 
belly) so that he cannot move. 

A jlj \ a^'aAjThe city of Azof on the Palus Meotis. 

A J\j I dzdl, (pi. of Jj^ azaV) Eternities. 

A J\j\ azdl. Name of the metropolis of Arabia 
Felix, otherwise called Sanaa ; also of its founder. 
Izdl, A removing ofa thing from its place. 

A t)\j\ izdlat, (v. n.4 of J]j for Jjj) Removing, 
driving away, carrying off, ejecting. Erasing, ob- 
literating, cutting off. Causing to decline. (In 


gram.) The elision ofa letter or vowel point from 
a word. Removal. 

A ^ Ij^ izidm, (v. n. 4of |.^) Forcing against one's 
will. Dabbing (a woimd) with blood that (it) may 
stanch and heal. Dressing (a wound). 

A (»U^ azdm, A barren, scarce, severe year. 
Uzdm, One who sticks close to a thing. 

A *«\)1 azdmif, (pl.of *-«j^ azmaQ Calamities. 
Disagreeable or iniquitous things. 

A t}^^^ azdmil, (or (Jj;*^^ azdmll) (pi. of JxJ^ 
azmal) Sounds, noises. 

p ijj^^ 1 dzdmand, A miser, a covetous person. 

p ^jl j\ az dn. From him, it, thence, or that. 

A *3\j\ izdnat, (v.n.4of y^ for ^Ji^) Adorning, 
dressing, decorating. 

p ii\ji\ j\ az dnjd hi. Since, by reason that, 
on the ground that. 

A '^S^aztaniy, A kind of spear (so named from 
(J O yazan, a certain valley or tribe of Hiniyar. 

A r^^j^ azdniy, A kind of spear named after j J 
jj O zu yazan, A Himyaritic king. 

A^jvfc^J^ azdklr, (pi. of ii>j zahrat) Flowers. 

A 3;*^^ azdhih, Swiftness, fleetness. 

p \j>\ j\ az ird, Because. 

A t— *jl azb, (v. n. of i— -'j^) Not ruminating (a 
camel). Being hard. Jzft, Short and mean of sta- 
ture, dwarfish, squat, contemptible. Small-boned 
and at the same time corpulent. A dwarf. Any 
thing hoiTible or monstrous. ^2(6, Tall, long. (— «'j^ 
L->J£fc. azib hazib, A frightful, monstrous man. (_)j\ 
WJ^ ibil azibat, A lean camel. 

A iJl^^ azabb. Hairy. Luxuriant, abundant (in 
grain, herbage, &c.). Name of a demon. Azubb, 
(pi. of (_^ zubb) Membra virilia. 

A Aij\ izbdf, (v. n. 4 of jjLj) Carrying. 

A I— ^^^ azbdb, (pi. of i_.>j zubb) Membra vi- 
rilia. Izbdb, (v. n. 4 of L->j) Being about to set 
(the sun). Drying grapes or figs in the sun. 

A i>bj\ izbdd, (v. n. 4 of iJJJ) Foaming at the 
mouth. Foaming (the sea). Frothing (liquor). 
Flowering (the date-tree). 

Ajbj^?>6ar, (v.n.4of^)Beingrobust, valiant. 

A wj\«2Ja«, Calamity. Penury. Barrenness. 

Vji j\ az bar, (or mj} j\ az barm) By heart. 
W^ J^ j\ az bar hardan, To leani by heart. 

A-jij^ azbar. Broad-shouldered. Injurious. 

A JjiJ^ uzb'iy, (pi. 1j,\j\ azdbiy) An evil, a great 
and difficult affair. A manner of walking. Brisk 
ness, cheerfulness. Swiftness. 

"PJ^j^ az bir. By heart, by rote, by memory. 

Ajl^^ izblrdr, (v. n. 11 otjij) Standing on 
end (hair). Bristling up (a dog). Shooting forth 
(grass or hair). Preparing to commit mischief. 

p ,3 j\ a« pay, On account of. 

A 2j\dzuj, (pi. of _j)) Oblong arched edifices. 


jl azaja (fut. -jb ya^zuju) or azija, fut. 

yaszaju, He hastened. He was dilatory, he failed. 

A —\\ azaj, (pi. _jl azuj, _,\jl azaj, and S>jl 




izajaf) A kind of oblong arched edifice, or corridor 
with an arched roof, pj^^ '-r'V ^^^" '^ o.'^ojt Name 
of a street in Baghdad, ^lay, Insolent, exceeding 
the bounds of mirth, petulant, impertinent. 

A l.\\ azajj, (pi. Zj zujj) (A man) whose eye- 
brows are long and naiTow. Long-striding (ostrich). 
A -^W-J^ ^"-'j (v. n. 4 of Vs-J for_j9-J) Driving, 
propelling. Carrying forward. 

A jrWj^ %«/> (v.n. 4 of Ilj) Putting a ferrule 
of iron on the lower part of a spear. 

A to-jU'zq/'at, (pi. of—jW^q;) Arched corridors, 
long buildings with vaulted roofs. 

A j»-jl azjar, A camel, the vertebrae of whose 
back are injured by disease or overloading. 

A vH^ azjam, (A camel) that brays but little. 
A ^\^ o.yo-'j More, most ready, skilful, expert. 
A CJ>\^'S izhaf, (v. n. 4 of i— ft»-j) Being fa- 
tigued (a beaet of burden). Possessing such a 
beast. Dragging one leg after the other. Attain- 
ing, completing one's object. Proceeding against. 
A ti)l>-j\ izhdk, (v. n. 4 of tii>j) Having a 
jaded beast. 

A JU-j) izhal, (v. n. 4 of ,3»j) Compelling, 
forcing. Driving to a distance. 

A (__iUl»-jl izhilfdf, (v. n. 4 of c-ft)«>^ Q) Being 
removed ; retiring, receding. 

p ^\ I azakh, A wart. A twig. 
^ A ^j\ azhh, A bullock. Azakh, A wart. 
^L A (_ili»^\i>/jAa/",(v.n.4of i_ii|j) Being proud. 
^M A ("^^ izhham, (v. n. 4 of ^p-j) Stinking (the 
^nesli of wild beasts). 

A ^j^azd, Name of thefatherof an Arabian tribe. 
A -^^.y) i^rfaj, (v. n. 4 of ^lij for j<>J) Acting 
equitably, shewing kindness and good wiU. 

BA i-r'^tijl azt^aft, (pi. of <— '"i)) Portions, lots. 
xjiii^izdar, A producing, a making to appear. 
A i^\y^ izddf, (v. n. 4 of uJi>) not used) Grow- 
ing dark (night). 

p (--*i>j\ azdab, Beware ! Seize ! Lay hold ! 

A Ajdj) izdibcu, (v. n. 8 of ,Jj) Taking up, 
carrying off. Driving forward. 

A i^KiCi^izdihdh, (v. n. 8 of l1^) Being filled. 

p <--»i>J^ azdup, Take ! Seize ! lay hold ! 

A J^^j^ j*<i«;aj> (^-D- 8 of l.j) Reaching to 
the extremities of the eye (the eye-brow), 

Ajl»<ij\ izdijar, (v. n. 8 of j?-j) Driving away. 
Hindering. Rebuking. Being driven away, beaten 
off, prevented, hindered. Refraining, holding back. 
Divining, auguring from birds. 

A (_iU.i>jl izdihaf,{v.n. 8 of v_i>j) Advancing. 

A (•^t>)l izdiham, (v. n. 8 of *»-J) Thronging, 
crowding, pushing on one another. A concourse, 
press, throng, pressure of a crowd or mob. 

A f^^j^ izdikhdm, A taking up and bearing. 

Pjc5;\ a2fZar,Worthy,proper,suitable. Beautiful. 

A Aj^j\ izdirdt, (v. n. 8 of g^J) Despising, 

( 67 ) 

scorning. Sconi, contempt, disdain. 

A <j];iij^ izdirdd, (v. n. 8 of lijj) Swallowing. 
A f\^j^ izdirdy, (v. n. 8 of ejj) Sowing seed. 
A (•|;ii;^ izdiram, (v. n. 8 of i^J) Swallowing. 

A i^j'^j^ azdardni, (dual) Shoulders, or arms. 
«J iiVb (_J^<a> f\i>- jasa yazribu hi azdarayhi, 
He came striking his shoulders, i. e. empty. 
p CL*j*»(ij\ az dost, Obedient. A subject. 

p \y 0.i>i> j) az dastfaza, (or U) C>»»»^ jl cz: 
rfasi paza) Unleavened bread, baked in thin cakes 
on lamina of iron or earth, placed in a frying-pan. 
Letters patent conferring immunity from taxation. 

A i-^\£'(^\ izdifab, (v. n. 8 of t—**;)) Lifting, 
carrying. Filling (a vase). Cutting. Repelling. 
Rushing with impetuosity (a torrent). Moving 
heavily (a loaded camel). 

A 1 JlPiij^ izdifdf, A killing on the spot. 

A I JlPiVl izdighdf, A taking much. 

p ( Jiij) azdaf, (or izdaf) A species of small 

medlar-tree and fruit. 

A 0^iij\ izdifdt, A taking of the whole. 

A . >S4X^ izdifdr, A lifting and carrying of a load. 

A i_j\»iij\ izdifdf, (v. n. 8 of <-Jj) Conducting 
or sending a bride to the house of her husband. 
Taking up (a burden). 

A jiijl azdak, More or most sincere or true. 

A (_JSi>j\ izdikdf, (v. n. 8 of i_W)) Taking with 
the hand, snatching greedily, and devouring. 

A f^'ij^ izdikdm, (v. n. 8 of ^) Ingulphing. 

A ^OiSjl izdikdf, (v.n. 8 of l^) Receiving from 
another one's due. 

A tiloiij\ izdikdh, (v. n. 8 of ^j) Being sa- 
turated with moisture (tillage). 

p ^^j\ dzadagl, A stitching, a sewing up. 

A O^iij^ izdildb, A seizing, a plundering. 

A *^i>j^ izdildf, (v. n. 8 of *-i\) Seizing by 
stratagem. Cutting off a part of one's due. 

A i^i^^ izdildgh, (v. n. 8 of jJj) Beingscorched. 

A i_i^i>J^ izdildf, (v. n. 8 of i— a3j) Approach- 
ing, advancing. Becoming near, or seeking near- 
ness. Nearness. Being dispersed. 

A M^Ci^ izdildm, (v. n. 8 of Jj) Eradicating, 
cutting the nose clean off. Beheading. 

A JUi^l izdimdl, A lifting, or carrying at once. 

A *^<>j^ izdimdm, (v. n. 8 of Ij) Carrying oflT 
a lamb with his head erect (a wolf). Being proud . 

p ^dji azdanii, Name of a doubtful animal. 

p ^ii\\ dzadan, (or ^^i5jl azadan) To sew. To 
prick with a needle. To dye. 

p j^jiuzdu, The sweet gum of a tree, of a red- 
dish colour, with which confections are made. 
^c:\5 cSjiij^ uzduyi tdzi, Gum Arabic. 

A p-^j"^^ izdirvdj, (v. n. 8 of -.^ for --jJ) 
Coupling, marrying. Union. 

Aj\jiiJ\ izdiwdr, (v. n. 8 ofj\j forjjj) Visiting. 

p ^lijii}^ azdudan, To polish, to free from rust. 

p »iij 1 dzada, Pierced full of holes. Dyed, co- 


loured. Written in letters of gold. Empty. 

p Jiijl azada, Dyed, coloured. Sewed. 

A f\i>ij\ izdikdf, (v. n. 8 of \*j for y^;) De- 
spising. Being proud. 

A (_j'j»i>j\ izdihdb, A bearing, a sustaining. 

A iil*i>j\ izdikdd, (v. n. 8 of Jkfcj) Despising, 
esteeming lightly. 

Aj^iij\ izdihdr, (v. n. 8 of^) Keeping (any 
thing) with care ; taking a pleasure (in it). Com- 
mending diligently to the care of any one. Shin- 
ing (a lamp, fire, face, or the moon). 

A (_Jliiiij\ izdikdf, (v. n. 8 of i_i*J) Carrying 
off. Bearing, sustaining. Destroying. Being near 
death. Telling a lie. Adding to a narrative. Rush- 
ing headlong. Throwing his rider (a horse). Hast- 
ening, despatching. Breaking, making void one's 
word. Talking loud. Prohibiting, checking. De- 
spising, holding light. Incurring enmity. Chang- 
ing, turning away. 

A L^^ir^ izdijob, (v. n. 8 of L->^) Lifting up 
(a water-pot) and going ofifwith (it). 

A OUjjl izdiydt, (v. n. 8 of OVj for C*>J) 
Anointing one's self with oil. 

A tSV.*^^ izdiydd, (v. n. 8 of S\j for A>X) In- 
creasing. Increase, accession, profit. 

A Jbjj\ izdiydl, (v. n. 8 of J]; for JjJ) Re- 
moving, causing to cease. 

A ;j^.iij^ izdiydn. The being decked out. 

A |«Uji>jl izdisdm, A being exceedingly terrified. 

Pjjl dzar, Cross-tempered. Trouble, grief, 
vexation, (in comp.) Troubling, grieving, vexing. 

A jJ I dzar. Name of Abraham's uncle. Name 
of a tract of country in Kuhistan ( S usiana). Name 
of an idol. (A horse) having white thighs with 
feet of a diflferent colour. Fy ! 

A jJ \ azr, S trength, power. Debility, weakness. 
The back. Corroboration, confirmation, strength- 
ening. The encircling, comprehending, embracing, 
or girding (of a thing). 7zr, Root, origin. A veil. 
Uzr, The middle, waist, the waistband. Breeches, 
trowsers. Uzur, (pi. ofj\jl izdr). Breeches, trow- 
sers, garments which cover the naked body. 

A Ajj\ izrdt, (v. n. 4 of ^J) Despising. Ac- 
cusing, reproaching, defaming, disparaging, misre- 
presenting. Negligence, carelessness. 

A jV|J\ azrdd, (pi. of lijj zarad) Coats of mail. 

Ajlj\ azrdr, (pi. ofj^ zirr) Buttons. Izrdr, 
(v. n. 4 of jJ) Putting buttons to a garment. Thrust- 
ing its tail into the ground to lay its eggs (a locust). 

A cVj\ izi-d^ (v. n. 4 of cjj) Getting possession 
of a spot for sowing. Growing high (sown corn). 

A ( i\jj\ izrdf, (v. n. 4 of t— Jjj) Purchasing a 

cameleopard. Going fast. Driving, urging for- 
ward. Going before, preceding. Advancing. 

A j]jj^ izrdk, (v. n. 4 of jjJ) Being turned up 
(the eye-ball) so as only to leave the white appear- 
ing. Throwing her load backwards (a she-camel). 

Being a long time pregnant (a camel). 

A Aj\ iztam, (v. n. 4 of ^J) Interrupting the 
flow of urine, causing a sti-anguiy. Cutting short, 
suspending conversation. 

A (-r*VjJ^ izrihab, (v. n. 9 of ^jj) Being yel- 
low or brown (a plant). 

p objj 1 azarhad, Name of a philosopher. 

A »jj 1 azirat, (pi. ofj)j^ tzar) Breeches,trowsers. 

A 'ij\\ izrat, The mode of putting on trowsers. 

p (jt»-)J 1 rtzra^As/t, Thunder, lightning, storm. 

p lijj I azard, Colour. Paint, dye. 

r j3 1 tijj I azard-aVu, An apricot. 

p Mi^^-^J ' azardanidan, To make one injure. 

p ^J^>i)\^ azardagun, (pi. of » JjJ t ) Injured. 

r (/Oj j I azardagi, Grief, pain, uneasiness. 

p [Tji^jJ I azardan, To injure, molest, harass, 
disturb, vex, trouble, offend, rebuke, reprove, re- 
proach, disgust, afflict. 

p » JjJ 1 azarda, Afflicted, vexed. Displeased, 
dispirited, rebuked. Sad, sorrowful, weary. » JjJ I 
^^^^ azarda kardan, To injure. 

p C»-Sj 8 JjJ I aisarda-;9M«7t?,Galledinthe back. 

p .1>1». »i5ijT azarda-khatir,Yexei, disgusted. 

p ^.\\ az7'ak,The fourthlineon Jamshed'scup. 

A Jjj\ azrak, Blue. Blue-eyed. Extremely 
bright (spear-head). 

A ji^jj^ izrihah, (v. n. 9 of jjj) Being of a 
blue colour. Being upturned (the eye) so that only 
the white is seen. Being bright and shining (the 
point of a spear). 

^ O"^- lJjJ^ azrak-posh, Clothed in blue. 

p i.i))J^ azarik, A goat. 

p (oy jj' azar-gun, Flame-coloured, yellow, 
bright, shining, mddy. The leaves of the myrtle. 

p (^Jl azarm, Modesty, bashfulness, shame. 
Courtesy, respect, honour, civilitj', politeness. 
Dignity, glory. Equity, justice. Conversion to 
the Muhammadan faith. Error, sin. Greatness. 
Unanimity. Commiseration, pity. Ease, security. 
Custody, guardianship. Power, strength. Clear, 
evident, manifest. A giving up to contempt and 
disgrace. Anger, wrath, violence. Pain, sorrow, 
grief. Name of the daughter of Khusraw Parvez. 

p Mjj\ azarm, Sliame. Justice. Azram, A kind 
of saddle-cloth. 

A Myji azram, A cat. 

p *^ jj t azar-mah, Name of a month. 

P tl*»-iiJi*)J ]azarmiduhht,ovi,l*^iyxtjj\azar- 
niidultht, Name of the daughter of Khusraw Par- 
vez, who reigned four months. Name of her city. 

P y)ii-^ 1 a3arwMfZa»,Tohonour,respect,favour. 

A (_JliUjj\ izrinkaf, A going fast, making haste. 

p kS-^J 1 azrajig, Adversity, misery. De- 
struction. Azrang, (or azrang) A cucumber. 

A j^jj^ izrikah, (v. n. 11 of J^J) Being of 
a blue or watery colour. 

( 68 ) 

A j»^J^ izrismam, (v. n. 11 of ^j) Sticking 
in the throat (word). Being cut off (flow of urine). 
Being contracted, drawn, puckered. Being born. 

Ajj) azaz, Fulness or ovei-flow of an assembled 
council or convivial meeting Narrowness, tight- 
ness. Filled full. A large collection. A reckon- 
ing by the moon's course. Spare or intercalary 
days inserted between months and years. 

a\>j\ azatt. Crooked-jawed, or cheek-boned. 
Smooth-chinned, beardless, thin of beard. 

A -.\s-j\ iz^j, (v. n. 4 of J5J) Disturbing, mov- 
ing from (its) place. Cholic, twisting of the guts. 

A i_i\Pj^ iz^f, (v. n. 4 of t_Jffj) Killing oneon 
the spot. Rushing on a wounded man to kill him. 

A jlPjW^ea/i, (v. n.4ofjffj) Terrifying. Over- 
salting meat. Causing to cry aloud (from fear or 
joy). Digging and findingmuddy, brackish water. 
Travelling fast, quickening one's pace. 

A J^^ iz^d, (v. n. 4 of Jsj) Exhilarating. 
Quickening. Uprooting. 

A j}s-j\ izium, (v. n.4 of ^j) Exciting desire, 
alluring. Obeying. Being practicable. Becoming 
well-flavoured(milk). Beginning to put forth grass. 

A \.,^^ azMb, Short, squat, mean. Thick. 

AjS^\ azfcir, Thin of hairs. Bare, barren (spot). 

Aj];S^j\ iz^rar, (v.n. 9 ofjffj) Being thin and 
few (hairs or feathers). 

A /*jijSj\«z»a7««/,Short,mean,and contemptible. 

&j\lPi}\ izwrar, (v. n. 11 of jSj) Being thin 
and scattered (hairs). 

A ^yip■j^ iz^l, Brisk, cheerful. 

P cj I azugh, A slip, cutting, scion. 

P cj\ azgh, A thing lopped (as vine-prunings). 

A i—jlffj) izghab, (v. n. 4 of t-«Sj) Being co- 
vered with down (a young, callow, unfledged bird). 
Beginning to run and to leaf (a vine). 

A ii\s-\\ izghdd, A suckling, a giving milk. 

A ( Jlpj) azghaf, (pi. of &affj zaghfai) Coats of 

mail light but firmly woven. 

A Jlsjl izghal, (v.n.4of Ji|j) Flowing (blood 
from a wound). Pouring forth. Voiding (urine). 
Feeding (as a bird does her young). 

A (o^^ izghan, (pi. of «Sj j wazaghai) Lizards. 
ij\ azghab, A large sort of fig. Pie-bald 

(horse). White and black (mountain). Downy 
(cucumber). Ash-coloured (camel). 

A t-.'ljkSj^ izghibab, (v. n. 9 of u-*Sj) Having 
small yeljow hairs (callow, unfledged birds). 

p i'j] azghich, Ivy, convolvulus. 

A t-jL\Pj\ izghibab, (v.n. 11 of c— *S^J) Having 
small yellow hairs (young unfledged birds). 

A I >j\aza/, (v.n. of I i\\) Approaching, draw- 
ing near (time of departure). Hastening, coming 
suddenly upon. Beinglittle,few, and small. Heal- 
ing (a wound). Poverty, penury, straits. 

A Jlij\ azaff, Closely-feathered (ostrich). 

A ^\jj\ izfas, A transportingfrom place to place. 

xji^ azfar, (pi. of^sj zifr) Burdens, loads. 
Bottles, skins (for holding oil, &c.). Crowds,troops. 

A <^^j\ izfaf, (v. n. 4 of t3j) Taking or send- 
ing a bride to her husband's house accompanied by 
music. Urging to a quick pace. Going fast (an 
ostrich or man). 

A Si)T azifat, (Approaching) judgment-day. 

aJj\ azfar, (pl-j^ ■^w/'O Large-sided (horse). 

A Jij\ azfal. Anger, passion, impetuosity. 

A 'i^j\ azfalat, A crowd, troop, body. 

A '^j\ izfallat, Alacrity, lightness,sprightliness. 


ptiJlc}Ji;Taz/awrfa^,(orii)\iJJi3T)The rainbow. 

A lJj\ azfa', Haste, expedition, celerity, ala- 
crity, briskness, liveliness. 

A Jj^ azh or a2^a^,(v.n.ofjJ^) Being distressed ; 
being overpowered (in battle). Difficulty, distress. 

A jSj) azhak, (pi. of Jj zihk) Leathern bottles. 

A *^\ izkam, A causing to swallow. 

A ^^\\ izkan, (v. n. 4 of ^^) Assisting (in car- 
rying burdens). 

A 'sJ\\ azikkat, (pi. of jSj zukak) Streets, alleys. 
Narrow walks, spaces between rows of palm-trees. 

A ^^j\ izkat, (v. n. 4 of \^ for jij) Growing, 
increasing. Causing to grow. 

A Cj^j\ izkat, (v. n. 4 of iJl*!|j) Filling (a lea- 
thern bottle). Bringing forth. Committing to me- 
mory, bottling up (a story). 

p . , J .\J j\ «s kar dur, An idle vagabond. 

p fjOjj t,^ j\ az hara hardan, To recall to 
mind. To wiite a history. 

A ^jyi\\izh.ak, (v.n.4of LiJj) Persevering, per- 
sisting. Predominating. Labouring under a sup- 
pression of urine. 

A (.ojl izkam, A giving of a cold in the head. 

A iJ^jS izkan, (v. n. 4of j^) Teaching, givmg 
to understand. Guessing, surmising, conjecturing 
the truth, hitting the nail on the head. Knowing, 
perceiving, understanding. 

A jo>j^ azkan. One who judges very accurately. 
Sharper, sharpest, more or most clever. 

A j/j\ azka', More or most pious or pure. 
Very ingenious. 

A -*wj^ azkiyoLf, (pi. of "ij zakvj) Good, just, 
virtuous, ingenuous. Possessing conveniences, 
abounding in comforts. 

p Ooj\ azgat, Wicked, villainous, depraved. 

A ^y\ azl, (v. n. of Jj\) Being inured to sorrow, 
conversant with distress and want. Keeping (one's 
flocks) from pasture on account of fear or scarcity. 
Falling into straits or scarcity. Keeping back from 
pasture, tethering. Imprisoning. Trouble, afflic- 
tion, penury. /sZ, A lie, falsehood. Calamity, mis- 
fortune. Uzl, (pi. of Jjj\ azul) Severe, barren 
(years). Azal, Eternity (having no beginning, <i.i\ 
abad, implying eternity without end). JJjTj Jj) 
azal u dzdl, Eternity and eternities, i, e. from all 



eternity. Jj\ J\j\ azlun azilun, Extreme poverty, 
the deepest distress. 

A J;^a^aW,(Awolforman) lankandliglitabout 
the legs and thighs. Swift. Broken-headed. *v>J\ 
Jj^\ as sinifu 'I azall, The mongrel whelp of a he- 
wolf and a she-hyena. 

A jj-^^ '^%'> (j' D- 4 of Jj) Bolting the door. 

A c^l izla^ (v. n. 4 of xJj) Exciting a strong 
desire in any one to take a thing. 

A I »^\ izlaf, (v. n. 4 of i_ih) Bringing near. 

A ^j^j' izlak, (v. n. 4of Jjh) Causing to slide 
or blunder in speaking. Looking gi-im. Casting 
her young (a camel). Shaving the head. 

A J^\ izlal, (v. n. 4 of Jj) Causing to slide. 
Giving any one his due. Conferring a favour. 

A *^\ azlam, (pi. of Jj zalam or zulatn) Ar- 
rows without heads, which the Pagan Arabs made 
use of in drawing lots. Domestic animals resem- 
bling cats, but having short tails. 

A i_ilai^\ idihfaf, (v. n. 4 of i-ii-j Q) Being 
removed ; retiring, receding. 

A (Jj)j\ izilzil, A word used on the occasion of 
a violent tremor, as an earthquake. 

A L—>ljj«3j\ izlitbab, (v. n. 4 "^ l ,— |j Q) Being 
dense (cloud). Increasing and dashing (a torrent). 

A u-jljki):\ izlighbab, (v. n. 4 of i_-»»<5j Q) Grow- 
ingafter shaving (hair). Producing down (a bird). 

A i^Jiij\azlaf, Onewhohas a small straightnose. 

A Jjhl azlak, One who slips and slides much. 

A Jj\ azlam, (^A goat) having two excrescences 

the throat. (A camel) having one ear slit. Jj^^ 
c jii al azlamu ''Ijaza^, Misfortune. A mountain- 
goat. A lion. 

A ^\ azaUy, Eternal. God. 

A &pj\ azaliyat, Life everlasting, eternity. 

A |«W5j^ izlimam, (v. n. 11 of Jj) Turning away 
the face instantaneously. Decamping, migi'ating. 
Standing bolt upright. Being high noon. 

A Jt\\ azim, (pi. |«j\ uzzaiii) A cheek-tooth, a 
grinder. One who keeps his lips closely shut. 

p M^ azm, Progeny, offspring. 

A (^1 azm, (v.n.ofj^\) Adhering (to a chief or 
friend). Abiding, sticking fast (in a place). Tak- 
ing care of, overlooking (a farm or estate). Be- 
coming contracted. Seizing and holding (with the 
teeth). Cutting with the teeth, a knife, or sword. 
Biting, champing (as a horse the bit). Keeping 
silence. Shutting (a door). Abstaining from, con- 
taining or commanding one's self. Neglectingfood. 
Twisting (a rope or thread). Being unfavourable 
and severe (fortune, or a barren season). Extir- 
pating, exhausting, destroying (men or cattle,during 
famine or other calamities). A fashion of twisting 
or plaiting the hair. Barren,disa8trou8(year). One 
who seizes with the teeth. Azam, (v. n. of j^l) Be- 
coming contracted. Being pained. Azim, Barren, 
disastrous (year). Izam,{p\, of *oj^ azmat) Meals. 

( 69 ) 

Uzum, (pi. of |»iij\ azum) Cheek-teeth, grinders. 

A ^\ uzzam, (pi. of (^1 ) Cheek-teeth, grinders. 

p UJ I azma, (from i^i^yOj 1 azmudan) An ex- 
perimenter. Skilled, experienced, tried. 

p Uj\ azma, Examining. An experimenter. 

A cl*j\ azmaf, (pi. of »*«J zama^i) Small 
streams winding through valleys. Low grounds. 
Izma^ (v.n.4 of «jcj) Applying diligently to, and 
persevering in, any business. Developing them- 
selves (the bearing spurs of a tree). Running (a 
hare). Shootingforth rapidly, unevenly,some parts 
being much finer than the rest (a plant). 

A (Jv<jl izzimmal, (for J\/ot>j\ izdimal, v. n. 8 of 
(_y<j) Wrapping or hiding one's self in a garment. 

P fj^j 1 azman. Repentance, regret, sorrow, 
grief, anguish. ^)i^_j»- (j^j ' azman khrvurdan. 
To devour gi'ief, to repent. 

A y\^i azman, (pi. of (jtoj zaman) Times, sea- 
sons. Izman, (v. n. 4 of ^j^j) Enduring a long 
time. Invading, pressing on one (time). De- 
nying, disowning. Being ruined and desolate. 

p i3^t azmam. An experiment, proof, trial. 

p (jAxiUj I azmanidaii, To regret, gi'ieve. 

P (j~i^ I azmayish. Experiment, assay, proof. 

p j_5'^; I azmdsi. Experience, proof, test, trial. 

A "i*jt a^imai, (pi. (^lj\)Acheek-tooth,grinder. 

A 6/«j^ azmat, (pi. ^\ azm and izam) One meal, 
eating. Scarcity, dearth. Azamat, A bad season. 

A &*j\ azimmat, (pi. of *l«J zimmri) Thongs, 
straps, fastenings. Reins, bridles, halters. 

A iS*^\ azmat, More or most grave, or sedate. 
^_)«UJ1 <Z^\ azmatu'n nas. The gravest of men. 

Aj\j3f?j \ izmijrar, A resounding, a crying aloud. 

A jUs^\ izmihhrar, A being violent (noise). 

p ldijt\\ azmurda, Covetous. Lazy. Left. 

A J-*j^ azmat. One who has a superfluous fin- 
ger, (pi. *^\]\ azamii) A calamity, misfortune. 
A disagreeable or iniquitous thing. 

p ,U:\ azmal. Much, many: all. Voice, echo. 

A (3*j^ azmal, (pi. (J-*);^ azamil or^^x«M aza- 
mW) Sound, mui-mur, confused noise. Family, do- 
mestics. «i«jlj -*(<SJ\ ash shaytu hi azmalihi. The 
whole thing. Aziinal or azmul. Household furni- 
ture, baggage. All, the whole. 

A '&^j\ azmalat. Many, much. Universal. 
Household furniture, baggage. Family, domestics. 
The twanging of a bow. 

A (j(ej\ azmun, (or «j>*J^ azminaf) (pi. of (jUj 
zaman) Times, seasons. Ages. 

p iXv«j 1 azmand. Desirous, covetous, greedy. 

p {jSx*j I azmandi. Desire, lust, greediness. 

p iS^y^j I azmudagi. Experience. {_g'^yj 1 ^ 
na azmudagi, Inexperience. 

p i^<iy^ azmudan. To try, prove, experiment. 

p »Jy«jl aOTiiie^a, Tried, proved, experienced. 
I* Jyoj 1 azmudaha. Experiments, i^yoj t jO har- 
azmuda, Experienced in business. 

A J^^ uzmul, (izmuml, *5_j*3^ izmawlat or ■««■- 
mulat'), Bleating (deer). 

p i^y\ I azmun, A proof, trial, experiment. 

A jU^\ izmihrar, (v. n. 4 otj^j Q) Being red 
with anger (theeye). Beingaustere,grim(theface). 
Being intensely cold (day). Twinkling (the stars). 

A JiJyoj^ izmihlal, (v. n. 4 of j_J.f*j Q) Being 
dispelled (a cloud). Falling (rain). Flowing, 
running (melted snow). 

A Olx**j\ izmistat. The being of various hues. 

A jLik/«j\ izmisrar, (v. n. 4 of j\*j Q) Being in- 
censed and having the eyes reddened with anger. 

AtiJOJUjlij?mtAa/«,Thebeingexcessively angry. 

A (Jji*j^ izmil, A shoe-maker's paring knife. A 
kind of pike with which they hunt wild oxen. A 
mallet. Strong. Weak. 

A /^\^ izmlm. One of the last nights of amonth. 

A -^Ujl iznaj!, (v. n. 4 of vij) Causing to fly for 
refuge, or ascend a mountain. Giving a clyster. 

A oUj\ aznad, (or jjj) aznud) (pi. of JOj zand) 
Pieces of wood which, being rubbed against one 
another, produce sparks of fire. Iznad, (v. n. 4 of 
JOJ) Increasing. Having a return of pain. 

A j^^ iznak, (v. n. 4 of Jjij) Keeping a fa- 
mily on short commons from avarice or poverty. 

p tdJlij I aznak. Desirous, greedy. 

p li^j I aznahi. Avidity, cupidity. 

A (»uj\ iznam, (v.n.4 of jCJ not used) Beginning 
to put forth leaves (a tree). 

A (jUjl iznan, (v. n. 4 of (In) Entertaining an 
opinion (favourable or otherwise). 

p jUjl aznav, (or »j^^ azndva) Name of a dis- 
trict in Hamadan. 

p ' ^k\ aznab. Displeasure, disgust. 

A (_ojl aznab, Fat. 

p (-ibj! azank, A wrinkle. A frown. <.iAij\ 
•)ji\ J J (o^ (^i\JJ31 azank afgandan miyani dti 
abiu. To knit the brows. 

T ti,;»»x.Kl iznikmid, Nicomedia, in Bythinia. 

p tilUtiiijI dzanknak, Wrinkled, frowning. 

A J>]\ aznam. Slit-eared (camel), tidi ^^1 
al aznamu 'Ijazaf, Misfortune. 

A jijl azna , More or most salacious. ^\\ 
iij» i^ azna' min kird. More ruttish than an ape. 

A ]|3jl azaniy. The spear of a king named jii 
f^y_zuyazan,v/h.o formerly reigned injj.?" liimyar. 

p jjl azu or azo. From him. 

A J jl azn, (v. n. of \ji for «j\) Diminishing, de- 
creasing (a shadow). 

A •^Sj^ azndf, (pi. of ^J\\ zmf) Letters t zayn. 
Izwdf,(y.nAofi_ffjj) Bringing another with one. 

A ^\jj^ azwdj, (pi. of ».j»J z«w;) Pairs. Spouses. 

Aj|«jl azwdr. Men fond of female society. 

A (J\)J^ azmal, (pi. of Jj|J zawV) Elegant, in- 
genious, clever, witty youths. Powerful, strenuous. 
Wonderful. Wonders. Pudenda virorum. 

A _5j\«/«jy, (v.n.of_j\)Makinghaste. Hang- 

ing back, being loth to render assistance. 

A —jji azuh, Restive. One who fails in, or de- 
parts I'rom, generous or noble deeds. — jil _jj\ 
aziih anuh, Sordid, avaricious. Uzuh, (v. n. of--j^) 
Contracting one's self, shrinking up. Delaying, 
lingering, lagging. Stumbling, slipping, sliding. 
Beating (as the pulse). Approaching,dra wing near. 

p iy. I azud, Intelligent, clear-sighted, acute. 

p ijijl a^'>ca?'ora2'?7)-,Avaricious,greedy. Lewd. 

A jjjl azivar, (pi. jjj znr) An army. Inclined, 
leaning to one side. One who has an inequality 
in his breast-bones. (A dog) pigeon-breasted. One 
who looks out at one corner of his eye. 

A j\jjj;\ izwirar, (v. n. 9 of j^ ^°'" jjj) Turning 
aside, shunning. Beingcrooked: falling crosswise. 

A X. •jlaz7yJrai,(pl.of.Uj «n'a?') Ropes, straps, 
girths between the poitrel and the hind girth. 

A liijj^ azward, The lote-tree. 

p Lfjjjj^ azwari, Name of a medicinal thorn. 

A (j^jj^ azrcash, Proud, haughty, arrogant. 

P ijjj 1 azugli, A lopping, a trimming. The 
prunings or loppings of trees. 

A I— Jjj^ lizuf, (v. n. of i_Jj\) Making haste. Ap- 
proaching, drawing near (time of departure). 

A Jj)j\ azul, (pi. Jjl uzl) Severe, barren (year). 

A J^jjV;2re'i7aZ,(v.n. 9of Jlj for Jjj) Depart- 
ing. Declining (as the sun from the meridian). 

A |«jj\ azum, One who sticks close (to a person 
or thing). Champing the bit (a horse). Barren, 
scarce (year), (pi. m^ uzum) A cheek-tooth, a 
grinder. Uzum, (v. n. of *j\) Adhering, cohering. 
Seizing with the teeth. 

A ^jjj\ azTvt, (pi. of i^\^ zay) Letters] zayn. 

Aj\j>_jj\izrcirar, (v. n.ll ofj^ forjjj) Reced- 
ing, turning aside. Being crooked, lying awry. 

A f\a>j\ izhaf, (v. n. 4 of IfcJ forytj) Ripening 
(a date). Being proud. Being tall (a palm-tree). 
»\*j^ U ma azhahu, How proud he is ! 

A iil*j\ izhad, (v.n. 4 of J*)) Conjecturing, es- 
timating by guess (a crop of com while growing). 

A j\j»j\ azhar, (pi. of 'i^j zahrat) Flowers, 
p ftjuMi^ j^"^ azhm--dasta, A nosegay, a bunch of 
flowers. Several literary works bear the title of 
jl*j\ a^/tar, in the following manner: {^y3^ml\ .\*:\ 
lj<i_jiiJ^ jIa»-^ f^azkaru'r rawzataynfi akhbari 
'd dawlatayn, (The flowers of two gardens, in the 
history of two kingdoms) the history of the two 
royal families of Nuru'd din and Salahu'd din (or 
Saladin), the famous sultans of Egypt in the time 
of the crusades. Izhar, (v. n. 4 of JfcJ) Lighting a 
lamp: making (afire) blaze. Flowering, blossoming. 

A uJlfcJ^ izhaf, (v. n. 4 of i_fl*;) Telling a lie, 
varnishing with falsehood. Exciting to mischief. 
Granting any one his request. Bringing near (a 
stab with speech or tongue). Rushing on a wounded 
man. Stirring up evil. Calumniating, whispering. 
Deceiving, betraying. Depressing, dishonouring. 

( 70 ) 

Hasting to do evil. Being delighted with. Giv- 
ing pleasure. Referring, relating or tracing up to. 
Throwing (a rider). Carrying off". Destroying. 

A j^^ izhak, (v. n. 4 of /^j) Shooting an ar- 
row through the mark. Filling (a cup). Dissi- 
pating, destroying. Getting the saddle on his neck 
(a horse). Being full of marrow. Accelerating. 

A it^^izham, (v.n.4of(»fcJ)Beingfull of mar- 
row (a bone). 

A^;toj\ azhar, White, bright, brilliant, splendid, 
shining, clear, evident. The moon. A wild bull. 
Friday. Whitish-coloured (lion). Milk as soon as 
it is drawn. (A camel) straddling and cropping 
the extremities of a tree. 

p (^|jfcj\ azharak, Name of the tyrant Zahhak. 

A (^]j^j' azharani, (dual) The sun and moon. 

AjVjv*t)' i^hirar, (v. n. 11 of jfcj) Flowering. 

A (?) 1 ai;I, Vehement, excessively warm, sultry. 

A (_yji azy, (v. n. of j^yjl) Being placed at, ap- 
plied to, comprehended in. Being contracted, 
shrunk (a shadow). Studying to over-reach, cir- 
cumvent, deceive or betray. Diminishing. Dis- 
tressing, oppressing. 

A (jrji uziy, (v. n. of (?J^) Being placed at, ap- 
plied to, comprehended in. Being contracted. 

A -^bj' azyas, (pi. of(_flj ;?a»/) Letters J zayn. 
(pi. of (^ zly") Costumes, habits, garbs, guises. 

i>.J^.!^ azyar, (pi. oi j>\ zir) Those who delight 
in the company and conversation of women. 

A uJ^jl a«^y«/) (pl- of t_A>J zayf) Clipt coins. 

A i^^ji azyan, (pl. of ^^j zayn) Ornaments. 
Izyan, (v. n. 4 of ^Ij for j^.j) Adorning, decorating. 

A ^jV>Jl izztyan, A being decorated; ornateness. 

A (— <^^ azyab, Cheerful, joyous. Vile, con- 
temptible. One who takes short steps. Short. Sa- 
tan. An iniquitous or disagreeable affair. Enmity, 
hostility. A hedgehog. Misfortune, calamity. 
Terror, tremor, Alacrity. Much water. A puta- 
tive or adopted son, a bastard. The south-east 
wind. The south wind. Azib, Long, tall. 

A i^L*>j\ izyabb. Large (pudendum). ■" ^V^ 
(j t . Vi .n izyabbu'l batsh, Powerful in severity. 

A 'iM\\ izyabbat, Covetous (woman). 

P tji^^ 1 azidan, To injure, grieve, molest. To 
prick. To dye. 

'Pj>j 1 azir, Intelligent. Trouble. 

P \j>y\ azira, (for loj zira) Because. 

p isojl azira,A. mattock, beetle, smith's hammer. 

'^wH/uJ ' O'^^^'^dan, To afflict. To draw. 

A ^j\ aziz, (v. n. ofj\) Bubbling(a boiling caul- 
dron). A thundering, crashing, rumbling, dread- 
ful noise. Thunder. The sound proceeding from 
the clapper and other machinery of a mill. The 
noise of wind in the bowels. Frigid. Coldness. 
Vehemence, rapidity of motion. 

p i^J^j^ azish, From him. 

A ^jl uzay^ A prpper name. 

p j-^jl azigh. Aversion, indignation. 

p i-jjl az'igh, Perception, recollection. 

A J.^^ azyal, Wide between the thighs. 

A fi\\ azyam, (A camel) having no voice. 

p (^j\ azin, Such as this. 

A ^^\^^izyinan, A. being adorned : ornateness. 

A ^j\ azyi, (pl. of ^J\j zay) LettersJ zayn. 

A (o^^o^ izyinan, The being greatly adorned. 

p j I aj. Rest, ease. Ingenious. Abstinent. 

p -ijl ajakh, A wart. A mole on the skin. 

p ^j\ ajakh, A wart. 

p (^IJ «;. J I djakhnak, Full of warts, warty. 

p J Jj\ ajdar, A dragon. The top of a standard. 

p U^.JJ\ ajdarha, A dragon. A strong, brave 
man. A tyrant. Passionate, testy. A standard. 
Armorial bearings. The tyrant Zahhak. 

p ^^i>j I ajadan. To sew, pierce, prick, puncture. 
To shave.To notch a mill-stone closely. To tinge,dye. 

p (jIJdJjI ajdank, Name of a demon. 

p Siijl djada. Pricked, punctured, sewed. 

p I* Jj\ ajdahd, A dragon. Brave, intrepid. A 
tyrant. Zahhak. A standard, tiiii (j'l*iij\a;(ia- 
hdnfalak, The constellation of the Dragon. 


p LdJ\* Jjl ajdahdk, The tyrant Zahhak. 

p cj I djugh, The prunings of a vuie. 

p cjl ajgh, Prunings, loppings. 

p ^J^J^ ajhdn, Indolent, idle, lazy, slothful. 

p ^^j\ ajhan, A latticed door. 

P ^rt^^ ajhahan, (or ^^ v3^ ajkahdn) Indolent, 
idle, negligent, lazy, slothful. Vain, false. 

p f^j\ ajgin. Lattices, blinds. 

p iWjI djand, Plaster, mortar, parget, cement. 

p S>j\ ajand, Mortar. Clay, mud at the bot- 
tom of a cistern. 

p (J liJJ^iiJ^ 1 a/a«rfa«trfan,To make sew,or prick. 

p ^"Vj I djandan, To prick, pierce. To sew. 

p SJOjl djanda. Sewed. Bored, pierced. 

p (jiWiiJjl djandidan, To lay mortar between 
two bricks. 

p tdWj I djanh, A wrinkle : knitting of the brows. 

p ii)l3i.dbjl djanhndh, Frowning. 

Pi-LOj I djang, (ortL^)j\) A wrinkle : a frown. 

p (j'^ e^j I djana hardaii, To spread a table. 

p {J^j^ ajnaydn, A chameleon. 

Pjjjt djwar, Covetous. 

p cjj 1 djugh, Slips, loppings. Palm-tree fibres. 

p Jjl aja. Quick lime, plaster, cement. 

P i^j^ ajhdn, Idle, lazy, useless. 

p ^^^\ ajhan, Lazy, indolent. A trifling thing. 

p iki\i^ ajydna, A pavement of flags or brick. 

p if J I djihh, Gummy exudations from the eyes. 

P (jJJj' dfidan. To prick. To stitch, sew. 

Pj>j I q;1r,Intelligent, learned, ingenious. Pious, 
devout. Chaste, modest. A lake, pool, ditch. A 
cistern wherein rain-water is collected. Victory, 
conquest. A cry, a shout. Abundance, surplus. 


Preparation, arrangement. 

Vj>.j^ ajir, Intelligent, prudent. Pious, abstinent. 

p tillOjl ajirah, A shout, a cry. 

P i^<^.y..j I ajindan, To cry aloud. To appear 
wise and intelligent. To prepare, to arrange. 

p iM,j \ ajlna, A tool for notching mill-stones. 

II p (_j« I as, A mill-stone. Ground com. A 

; grinding of wheat, barley, &c. The ermine. A 

bald camel. A bow. Nameof a village in Persia. 

jjji>jS (_j«» 1 as kardan, To grind, crush, bruise. 

A ^j*» I as, The myrtle. Cinders or ashes remain- 
ing in a fire-place. Honey ; what remains in the 
hive. The ruins or remains of a dwelling. Se- 
1 cret remains of any thing in general. A tomb. 
' ; A companion . (_jjJ (_>u I asi harri. The wild myrtle. 

A ;_j>>\ us, A sound which tames serpents. 

A (_j!ii ass, (v. n. of (_}1»^) Building, erecting an 
edifice. Enraging. Driving or checking sheep by 
crying o-s as. The excrement of a bee. Ass, iss, or 
ms, (pi. (_)wl*ul isas) A foundation. The begin- 
ning or I'oot of any thing. The earliest age, eter- 
nity. A spoiling, a marring. Uss, The vestige or 
trace of any thing. Ashes remaining in a place. 
' The heart of man (as being the foundation of life). 
jy^aJl (__j*.l i^i- lihuz ussa''t tarik, Take for your 
guide on the road any footmarks or dung, jjlt (_J* 
J6ii3\ ^ala' nssi'd dahr. In the beginning of time. 

p Ltt I asa, Manner, rule. Embellishment, de- 
coration. Reverence, sternness, rigour. Authority, 
majesty, gravity. Quiet, tranquillity, repose. Gap- 
ing, yawning, stretching. ^^ Jui^ lu» 1 asa kaslii- 
dan, To yawn, (in compos, from m'^j*" ' asudati) 
Pacifying, soothing : as, U» I —j. ruh-asa, Sooth- 
ing the mind, (an afiix denoting) Like, resem- 
bling : as, Lul iij» mard-asa. Manly, like a man. 
UmI idX .Ml* mushk-asa, Like musk, odoriferous. 

p \*«^ asa, Yawning. Like. 

A \u>\ asa', (v. n. of lu»^ for^«»\) Curing, heal- 
ing. Composing differences, making peace. 

A ■►Uul istat, A making of horns to a bow. 

A f\iM\ asdf or isa^, A medicine, remedy. Isas 
(v. n. 4 of >l*« for 1jm») Corrupting, despoiling, de- 
stroying. Doing evil, injuring, maltreating, (pi. 
of ^Mt I asl) Physicians. 
^^t A S-pUm\ isuiat, An offence, crime, sin. Mis- 
^cnief, injurious treatment. 

A L->U>» 1 asab, (pi. of <^nn\ ish) Fundaments. 
Hair about the fundament and genitals. Pubes. 

A » jjL*>l asahizat, (pi. oi ijg'^XM\asbaziy)'ii&.me 
of a people in Persia, Magians. 

A t_yjL«»\ asabil, (pi. of J;Vii«»\ istabl) Stables. 

A 13,\mi\ asahiy, (pi. of »-»U«*\ isbasat) The pas- 
sages or ducts for the blood. 

A J^J.Uu^ asdbif, (pi. of *^f»»^ usbu^ Weeks. 

A 'iL*! M.?a<,(pl.of (^1 asi)Physicians,surgeons. 

A 8ii5L*\ asatizai', (or jj3L*\ asdtiz) (pi. of 
p ilLol vMdz) Masters. ^ »ii5U«^ asdtizaA ^a- 

( 71 ) 

jam,, Persian doctors or wise men. 

Aj3\Mt\ asdttr, (pi. ofjUu»>\ istdr) Weights of 
4^ miskals, or 6^ drams. 

A *^L«\ asdjtf, (pi. of 'iS-^^ usjufat) (Oi-a- 
tions) written or delivered in rythm. *a»-L.»\ 
sltij asdjlfi waRmiya, Nuptial or festive verses. 

A &»-U»»l isdhat, (v. n. 4 of ..Lu for aj^) Caus- 
ing to flow. Whisking his tail (a horse). 

A ,J.»-W»\ asdliil, Channels for water. 

A iSLu I dsdd, (pi. of i^jmS asad) Lions. 

A o^ui\ issad, (v. n. 4 of liUo) Travelling quick : 
travelling all night without halting to refresh. 
Travelling night and day. 

A XjUwI isddat, (v. n. 4 of jU«» for u>y») Be- 
getting a prince. Begetting black children. Isddat 
or usddat, (for is jL*»_j wisddat) A cushion, pillow. 

A jUwi assur, (pi. oij^M susr) The remains after 
a meal, of whatever is gnawed or bitten. Issdr, 
(v. n. 4 of jl«*») Leaving remains of meat or drink. 

Aj\jm\ isd?; Captivity. (pl.^«»\ usu?-) A chain, 
fetter, ligament, (for jl»«J. yasdi-) The left side. 

A SjL»l isdrat, (v. n. 4 of .Uo for^jw») Caus- 
ing to go, driving. 

G (ojj^^ asdrun. Wild spikenard, asarum. 

p »jIm» ! dsdra, Computation, calculation. 

A ^Im»1 asdra' or usdra' ,{^\, of__jUj»\) Captives. 

Aj>\M\asdr'ir, Beauty of face. (pi. of ^J**» sin-) 
The lines, lineaments, wrinkles, or creases in the 
palms of the hand or on the forehead. The cheeks. 

A *-iXui\ asdrif, (pi. of si;*"^ usi'uf) White 
worms with red heads found in sand. The fresh 
natural colour of the teeth. Shoots which grow 
from the roots of palm-trees, and which are occa- 
sionally eaten gi'een. Lines or grooves on bows. 

A (_).»L*jt dsds, (pi. of (j<*»*»\ asas") Foundations. 

A (__>uLk>\ asds, (pi. (j-j*»\ urns') A foundation, 
basis, pedestal. OU)3\ ^_>mU«»\ asasu'l lughdt, 
(Foundation of speech) An Arabic grammar so 
called. iLwbuJI i^jM\tM\asdsu'ssiydsat,(VovmAa- 
tion of rule) A treatise on political government. 
Isds, (pi. of <^\ ass) Foundations. 

A &«»li*»\ isdsat, (v. n. 4 of (^j^Uj for (_j«»j*«») 
Appointing a governor, throwing the government 
upon any one. Being affected by weevil (com), 
by tike (sheep), by the moth (wool). 

p &m>Um\ asdsa, (or isdsa) A glance from a cor- 
ner of the eye. Understanding, intellect. Revi- 
sion, retrospect. 

A ^Ims\ asdtim, (pi. of S>Vim.>^ ustummat,) Do- 
mestics, relations. 

A^jvl>U«»^ asdttr, (pi. of j\ia*>»^ astdr, pi. oflxut 
satar) Lines, rows, writings, (pi. ofjUaMj\ istdr, 
ij\iM>\ istdr at, j!kxu>\ is fir, '!J^ua«»\ istirat,j^^3Mi>\ 
ustUr, and 8.jla*«\ ttstiirat) Stories, fables, tales, 
romances. jjOj^l jJ^Ik*^ asdtiru'l amrvatina. 
Fables of the ancients. 

A ^^jiaUrt^ asdUn, (pi. of «3)^la*«j^ ustumdnat) 

Columns. Legs of quadrupeds. Veretra. 

A «Pu*»l isdfat, (v. n. 4 of cUw for **»»») Los- 
ing. Destroying. Letting loose, sending camels 
grazing at random without a keeper. Entering (one 
hour into another). Remaining behind (one hour). 
Passing from hour to hour. Voiding seminal fluid. 
Allowing his pizzle to dangle (an ass). 

A «pUu\ isdr/haf, (v. n. 4 of e\u> for i.yu») Giv- 
ing time to swallow, to rest or pause. Being com- 
pleted, made up (one thing by another). 

A (_jL»1 isdf, or asdf. Name of an idol which 
u^ U^ JJ*^ faww bin luhayy set up on MiiO safd, to 
which sacrifices were used to be offered in face of 
the Kaaba : according to others, a son of jj^ff' famr, 
who for his wickedness was metamorphosed. Isdf, 
Name of a companion of Muhammad. 

A 'ii\u>\ asdf at. Grief, pain, sadness. Servitude, 
clientship. Asdfat or usafat, Thin, light, unpro- 
ductive soil. Isdfat, (v. n. 4 of , JUu for i_ij**») 

Losing (cattle) by disease, (or children) by death. 
Unstitching (a leathern bottle). Stitching coarsely, 
so that the stitches afterwards burst. Patiently en- 
during. Usdfat, Leanness, barrenness of soil. 

P ;^j i' 1 (_>« t ds-afzun. An iron instrument for 
notching a mill-stone. 

A (Jilu*^ asdfl. Small camels, (pi. of ^Ji*»l 
asfal) Inferiors, lower classes, the canaille. Lower 
parts, the nether extremities. ^l»*»l j i^^\ afdli 
u asdfil. High and low, all ranks. (_>rtO (J^^^ 
asdfili nds. The lowest of mankind. 

A sjU*>^ asdkat, The strap of a stirrup. Isdhat, 
(v. n. 4 of jjUw for Jjjj*») Causing to drive. Giv- 
ing (camels) to be driven. Sending (a marriage- 
portion to a woman). 

A lai\«j\ issdkut, (v. n. of lailiwl, G of laiL*, ir- 
regularly formed) Falling. 

A «U*»\ asdkif (pi. of xL*j\ askaf) Small 
green birds with white heads. 

^ A I ai\jji\ asdkif, (or XiiLo) asdkifat) (pi. of 

(_6'a'..>^ uslmff) Bishops. 

A (jl»*»^ asdki, (pi. of >\a»*» sikdi) Bottles (for 
wine or water): also those in which they churn milk. 

A iiaSLul asdkifat, (or i_ft^Lj\ asdkif) (pi. of 
i_Jo>M>^ iskdf) Shoemakers. Handicraftsmen. 

p (JLo I dsdl, A foundation, basis. 

A JU»»\ issdl, (v. n. 4 of JU*») Granting, admit- 
ting or approving a request, allowing to ask. 

A jLrt\a«W,Moreormostof an asker or beggar. 

A JU*j\ asdl, Likeness, resemblance. Signs. 

A &JU>»\ asdlat, ( V. n. of (J-*>^) Becoming smooth, 
even, and long (a cheek or jaw-bone). Isdlat, (v. 
n. 4 of JUu for J.^*") Shedding. Diffusing, causing 
to flow. Making long(the point of a spear. 

A ,ji^^ asdlik. The parts about the uvula. 

A (_^\-*>^ asdUb, (pi. of t_JjL«>\ uslub) Modes, 
manners, ways. Parts of doctrine or of knowledge. 
c_>a)Im>\ iS/m^ c. «.>.>o>* makdtlbi tanhiyat-asdlib, 

Letters in the way of congratulation. 

G (jrt^iaJ\--»\ asdliius, A kind of black clay 
which they rub on vines to destroy insects. 

o i^^\mi>\ asaliyun, Parsley. 

A aIm* I asam, (pi. of j,^\ ism) Names. 

A fXw\ issdm, (v. n. 4 of **»*») Wearying. 

A 'ii«\*u\ isamat, (v. n. 4 of *Ui» for Ay») Send- 
ing to graze. Darting a look at one. Raising a 
price, fixing a high price. Asking the price. Mak- 
ing a hole at the top of a well. Usdmat, A lion. 
iUUrt\ 1^ \y>-\ ajrat minusdmat, Bolder than a lion. 

A **1-«j1 ojsamif, (pi. of Xv*»«fl»»f)Ears, hearing. 

A ^U*>\ asdrm, (pi. of |»«*>\ isvi) Names. A An 
individual. A dependant, client. A tenant, renter. 
A debtor. The defendant of a suit. Office, place, 
appointment. The substitution of one for another. 

A /V^^ ascimiy, (pi. of ^^ isni) Names. 

p (^ji*U»»\ asmiiis, "V\ ild camomile. 

p ^JM>\ asdn, Easy, convenient, commodious. 
Threads, strings. ^J^-i>b ^jU»» I asdn ddshtan, To 
make an abatement, to lower the price. 

A i^*a I dsdn, (pi. of ^^\ usun) Dispositions, 
tempei's, manners, modes of living. Threads or 
twists of ropes. »jo.\ (^ ij^ Jj* j* huma ^la' 
dsdn min ahihi, He takes after his father. 

p j^^jUrtl dsdn-kar, Skilful, active, expeditious. 

p J./ M^ 1 dsdn-(jir, Easy of access, courteous. 

p ^3l>*»l dsdni, Facility, ease. Repose, sleep. 
Easy. Leave. 

A iJJoU«\ asdnid, (pi. of <5U*«»\ isndd) Allega- 
tions on other's authority. Imputations, attributes. 

p jj;jjjl»*» I dsdntdan, To facilitate, to expedite. 

A Ij\jm\ usdrvat, Medical art. Remedy, cure. 

A JjU*»^ asdwid, (pi. of iij*i»^) Black serpents. 

A. ,t\u»\ asdwir, {ov 'J,jL*i\ asdmirat) (pi. of 
SyM sircar or j^y>»^ usrcdr) Bracelets. (pi. of 
,\j*u\ iswdr and uswdr, q.v.) 

A 'ij^\u»\ asdwirat, Name of a company of 
strangers who settled in Basra (as the ij»\>-\ahd- 
mirat did in Kufa). 

A ^fc^l asdhij, Various modes of going. 

A tiUfcl—j^ asdliih, A horse's pace. A gallop. 

p ^Lul dsdy, (in comp.) Resting. Ceasing. 

A bUrtl asaya', (pi. of &Ju>» I a^yai) Sad, mourn- 
ful (women). 

p jjJdjbUwl dsdydriidan, To give rest. To 
praise. To lift. 

p (jijU*>l dsdyish, Ease, quiet, rest, repose. 

p iii.\^j } \Mi\ dsdyish-hada, A place of rest. 

A j^lnui asdnn, (pl.of S^iJuwi asinaf) Bowstrings. 

p joiiJpUol dsdndan, To rest, to cease. 

p 1. ■ — 1 a«i6,Endeavour,effort. Nail,claw,hoof. 

p ^_M»^ ash, A horse. The knight at chess. 
^^1 1.^ ■— ^ ashi all, The hippopotamus, s •■■■•^ 
J. Ijj asbi tez-rav, A swift horse, tiXi^ ;_^ ■•■'^ 
ushijang, A war-horse. (J^^^ i_«*«»l ashi chubin, 
(A wooden horse) A bier, ^jm t_i»»>^ ashi surkh, 

( 72 ) 

A bay horse. ^JiS jm (_.u>>^ asit sar-hash, A res- 
tive horse. «ji»^ (.-*»»\ as&i /as/jo, A horse bred 
from an Arabian sire and an Anatolian dam. 
jSJji (_A««»^ ashi narvhati, A post-horse, j t—**"' 
i_jbu«»\ ash u ashdh, A horse and his furniture or 
baggage. lo'^V' W^j J* J c-"»^ ««& ufarzin nihd- 
dan, To win (at chess), 

A L ■■■'^ is6, (pi. L— >Lul asaft) The fundament, 
pubes, and the hair growing around those parts. 

A Ayu>\ isbdt, (v. n. 4 of Vxuj) Humbling one's 
self, submitting to the authority of God. Being 
quiet. Being enamoured, insane, strongly inclined. 

A ii^Uurt^ isbdsat, (pi. ll^Urtl asdhly) A duct or 
passage for the blood. 

A (_^\ju*»^ ashdh, (pi. of i^ua sabah) Causes, 
motives, arguments, reasons, incentives, stimula- 
tives. Modes, ways, manners, means. Instruments, 
utensils, apparatus. Tracts, parts. Cloths, appa- 
rel, effects, moveables, goods, chattels, furniture, 
p lLXj»- I— ..>bu«»\ asbdhi Jang, Military stores. 
s^j L— >L««\ ashdhi rihla, Baggage, necessaries for 
travelling, jfl^o (_->\ju*»^ ashdhi safar, Necessaries, 
provisions, preparations for travelling. A c_.>\jum\ 
0\*»-J^ ashdhu's samawdt, The tracts or quarters 
of the heavens. a..<.A»* (_..>bu<»\ ashdhi mafiska, 
The means of living. ij;^^^ l->U*«^ ashdhu'n 
nawdzil, (Causes of the arrivals from heaven) 
Name of a work, shewing the causes for which 
each verse of the Kur'an was sent from heaven. 

A C.^U**»^ isbdt, (v. n. 4 of Ci«>»*>) Resting. 
Keeping or entering on a Sabbath. Sabbatism. 

A ^^J«»»^ ishdh, (v. n. 4 of A-***) Causing to swim. 

A ^^J>M>\ isbdkh, (v. n. 4 of ^j^) Being saltish 
(gi-ound). Reaching saltish ground when digging. 

A jIa<*>^ ashdd, (pi. of i^XM sihd) Rogues, thieves. 
Wolves. Sable garments. Heads of the plant 
iya> nasiy ere they shoot forth. Ishdd, (v. n. 4 of 
iijw»») Shaving (the head). Growing (fresh shoots 
of the plant i^oi nasiy upon the old ones). 

A jU*i»\ ashdr, (pi. of jW) sihr or sabr) Forms. 
Origins, roots. Colours. Beauties. 

A l>UwM*^ ashdt, (pi. of iaf-» s;j<) Tribes, distinct 
bodies. The tribes of Israel. laVjuwl j J^j\ awldd 
u ashdt. Sons and kindred. Isbdt, (v. n. 4 of lajuw) 
Being silent from fright. Cleaving to the ground, 
lying outstretched from a sound drubbing. Sleep- 
ing with eyes half-closed. Slighting, disregarding. 
Being dilated, spread out. Falling and being 
unable to rise. Abounding in the plant taXM sabat. 

A «.^Ju*>l ashd^ (pi. of *f«» siJs) (Camels) en- 
during thirst for seven days. (pi. of X^am sabif) 
Seventh parts. Isbd^ (v. n. 4 of X^) Complet- 
ing the number seven. Having camels which drink 
on the seventh day. Having one's flocks attacked 
by wild beasts. Feeding upon, or serving up, the 
flesh of wild beasts. Giving a child to nurse. Sur- 
rendering a flock to the wolf. Dismissing, setting 

at liberty, not making use of. 

A i^J-*»^ ishdgh, (v. n. 4 of jf»») Completing. 
Conferring favours in perfection. Performing tho- 
roughly a religious ablution, giving to each mem- 
ber its due share. Putting on an amplecoatof mail. 

p ^^\ t- ■-^ ash-afgan. One who charges (the 
enemy's) cavalry. One who urges his horse. 

A jU*>»^ a«JaA,(pl.of|V»— »)Wagers stakes, bets. 

A J^J>**>^ ashdl. Rims of water-buckets. Ishdl, 
(v. n. 4 of Jjuu) Letting down (drawers) through 
pride. Untying the knot of the drawers. Raining 
copiously. Weeping profusely. Having corn com- 
ing into ear. Coming into ear (corn). Talking 
immoderately. Being much frequented (a road). 

p (jUji** I dshdn, A miller. 

A jjV*"^ asbdn, Thin coifs or hoods, Ishdn, 
(v. n. 4 of tjy») Putting on black trowsers, as are 
madeatSaban, and worn by the women of Baghdad. 

p jj\ju«»\ asbdnbur. Name of a city. 

p JxOl i_.»>«>^ ash-angez, A spur. 

p 8ljurt\ ishdh, A large army. A dog. 

A Lll«t»»' asbut, (pi. of C»ji»»» sahi) Sabbaths. 
Drowsiness. Failings in the intellects. Bold, im- 
pudent (boys). Observations of the Sabbath. 
Braided tresses. Quick paces. Times, fortunes. 

pjU u,«»»>^ asb-tdz. Level ground. The 18th 
of the month according to the aera of Jalalu'd din. 
asbatdn, Seed of the wild rue. 
\ ash-duzd, A horse-stealer. 

p (3'jiJ c_.Au>^ asb-dawdiii. Horse-racing. 

A j]|f (iJu»>^ asbaziy, (pi. JJjLul) Persian Magi. 

AjijiaXMiS ishitrdr, (v. n. 4 of Jaju*» Q) Lying 
on one side. Stretching one's self at full length. 
Going with a quick pace (a camel). Being well 
regulated and in good order (a countjy). 

A J**«^ asbut, (pi. of *XM»«a6M>) Beasts of prey. 

A (JilJiJuu*' ishighldl, (v. n. 4 of ^Jjomk* Q) Being 
sprinkled (a garment). Being anointed (the hair). 

A JjJu«»\ asbah. Days of yore. Most excellent. 
Surpassing, super-eminent, transcendental. 

Aj\S.x»ti\ ishikrdr, (v. n. 4 of j5o>m> Q) Being 
tall and well-proportioned (a damsel). Extending 
lengthwise. Lying on one side. Being in excel- 
lent order (a country). 

A (Jfi*»i ashal, Long-mustachioed (man), 

p Siile (_- "» ^ asb-mdda, A mare, 

p «^' >_.>' " \ asb-nama, The trappings of a war- 
horse. Any thing which dries up the sweat of a horse. 

A A^^juul ushuhat, A handle, an occasion. An 
occasion of endless reviling. 

P jjJu*>l usbur. Stupid. 

^ t,i^^ MA'iM^, (pi. ^.l-»\ asdhij A week. 

A \JS'jXm\ mbu^n, Seven times. 

A ^^^^\usbu^ni, Afortnight,twose'nnights. 

F ^j>«»\ ashUnitan, (in zand and Pazand) To 
see. To cause to run. 

p «Xm*1 ishah, A troop of horse. A dog. 

p JJiJ 

p j^\.^ju*>\ isbahan, Ispahan, 
p i^f^x>Ml isbah-bad or ishah-hud, A title as- 
sumed by the kings of Tabaristan. A general. 
p Jj^ JJk^JkM>\ isbah-bad khroura, Speech. 
A (3-f*»l M6i/,Name of a town inYaman. Seville. 
)\ asp, A horse. The knight at chess 

^jU u-"»>\ aspi tazi, An Arabian horse. Isp, The 
hair about the privities. 
U G ^liL*«»\ ispanaj, Spinage. 

p JU»»1 ispah, A large army. A dog. 
p ^^l6iL»*»^ ispahan, (now Isfahan) That part of 
Persia where the troops were generally quartered. 
p (JjS^ ispikhul, Birds' dung. 
■^H Pj1ju-»1 upidar, A general, a commander. 
I^B VjMi\ ispar, A shield. 

I^B p ^)|oU^l isparayin, Isfarayin, in Khurasan. 
I^B p ^j^\ isparad, Coagulated, curdled. Jelly. 
^^^ P J J 1 ■■•'^ asp-raz (ispi-raz, (_>«, i_.««*>\ asp-ras 
or up-7-as),A race-coui-se : an open space for exercise. 
T> JjmA uspurz, Spleen, milt. Lingulapudendi. 
p i_ ■■■'.'■■>^ asparsab, (isp)arsdb, u_i*«fj«*»i a«- 
parsaforisparsaf) A race-ground. An open space. 
p (^_jmhj*>»1 isparish, Completion. Perfection. 
p m^^jmA ispargham or asparghm, Name of an 
odoriferous herb. Any green herb. Verdure. Any 
fragrant herb. 

p >JjjMjt\ isparag, A kind of yellow wood used 
in dyeing stuffs. Turmeric. The water-melon. 

Bp (_)*> J^xw»\ uparlos, A palace. A hall of justice. 
p »jXim\ isparam, Any flower or fragrant herb. 
p t^ 1 0j^\ isparam-db, Warm water medi- 
cinally prepared for washing the bodies of sick per- 
sons. An embrocation or medicated bath. 

p l.f.^Jw^*«\ igparang, A city near Samarcand. 

»p Jjt5*»>^ isparud, A species of aquatic bird. 
v\^jM>\ ispuroz,ov isparoz,^ of a mountain. 
p JN--*^ isparham, Any fragrant herb. 
p (_jv*«U'«pa?-i, Complete, perfect, entire, whole. 
Finished, exhausted, annihilated, destroyed. (Jj^^ 
jjii-i» ispan shudan, To be complete, to be finished, 
exhausted or annihilated. 

p iut>jjM>\ asp-res, (isp-res or l>jX>«»i isp-rez, 
1j1j,-«»\ asp^esh or isp^esh) A course, a running- 
place for horses. Complete, entire. 

IP (»«**>»^ usptts, A louse. A small worm. 
p iJl*— .;M>^ asj)ist, Trefoil, clover. 
v.V ij!- .^--'^ aspistzar, A clover-field. 
p jLijoiw^ ispaghul (aspaghul, or ^^y>Mt\ ispa- 
ghun) Seed of flea-wort. 

p <^Ju»»^ aspak, A little horse, 
p J^ ' ■•■'^ asp-hurra, A colt, a foal, 
p ^A-*tfl asjyalunj, Goats' beard (a plant). 
p jiil* i_ ,iT-'^ asp-mdda, A mare. 
G ^U.j-*'! ispandkh, ^^-*5*«^ ispandnj, Spinage. 
p iJJbwM»\ iipand, Wild rue, which they bum at 
marriages to drive away evil spirits. 

Pj\,iJMt>\ ispanddr, A wax-light. Name of the 

( 73 ) 

son of Gushtasp. The stay of the sun in Pisces. 

p 3-«,^iiJuM*l ispanddrmuz, The earth. Name 
of the twelfth month of the Persian year ; also the 
fifth day of each month. Name of the angel who 
presides over the month and day Ispandarmuz. 

Pyj'iiJu*M' ispanddn, Mustard-seed. 

Pjb JJUM>\ ispandydr, Name of Gushtasp's son. 

p (_sy*-*u\ Upanuy, Name of a woman. 

p iu*>»\ a«pa, Acolt, ahorse rising two years old. 
Ispah, A troop of horse. A dog. 

p ^^lj-«»\ ispahdn, The capital of Persian Irak. 

p l^Jl^,M<a\ ispah-bad, also ispah-bud, A prince 
(in Tabaristan). A general, commander-in-chief. 

p ijy" 4>>ft^l ispahbad khroura, Speech. 

p i_-»U5^ ispechdb, A town in Turkistan. 

p iJJLji*»\ isped, White, colourless. 

ispeddr, A sort of willow, the aspen. 

p biJjLaw^ isped-bd, A kind of broth made of the 
juice and small pieces of meat, together with spi- 
nage, flour, and vinegar. 

p Jjjji>ju*>»l isped-rud, A river in Azarbayjan. 

p .\^iiJk^\ isped-kdr, Aworker in tin, a tinman. 

p ,JjUi*>\ asjnl, A horse-stealer by profession. 

p (_)ijjuM»\ ispayush, Seed of flea-wort. 

A &*« 1 dsat, A single myrtle-tree. 

p Li-f I dst, (for VJuu I ) Praise, commendation. 

p {SjMiS ast, Is (from ^i^j^ budan. To be). He 
willeth, he seeketh. A mule. A bone. A seed, a 
kernel. Ast or ust, A commentary on the Zand and 
Pazand. 1st, Stand thou. Praise. The anus, list. 
The buttocks. Throwing, flinging. 

A 1 "■■"^ ist, The fundament. \.^^Lu\ f^\ \>,yd 
ibna istihd, An expression when any one's father 
makes his mother desist from any work. sjkij5 
i^j^\ C^uJo taraktuhu bi isti'l arz, I left him 
poor and destitute. ijiXLiA *a CL*t^\ till U md 
laka istun maf istika. You have no assistance. i_^ 
jtei>3\ tl***»^ fala' isti'd dahr, From the beginning 
of time, for ever, in every age. «J^\ dii»>\ istu'l 
kalbat. Sorrow, trouble, a bad omen, an odious and 
disgusting thing. ijvl\ C^ m \ istu'l matn, A desert. 

p IjLm*! asid or ustd, A commentary on the Zand 
or holy scriptures of the Magi or worshippers of fire. 
Astd, Name of a fort. Istd, Praising ; an enco- 
miast. A town in Samarkand. E/A'ia,Master, teacher. 

A >li«»^ istdt, (v. n. 4 of ^j*« not in use) Fitting 
the warp to the loom. Weaving cloth. 

A -.Uurt^ istdj, A hollow stick or reel on which 
thread is wound by the fingers ready for weaving. 

p iUuu\ istdhh, A green branch. Ustdkh, Im- 
pudent, audacious, unblushing, insolent, bold. 

p iilJuo\ ustdd, A master, teacher, tutor. An 
artificer, manufacturer, artisan. A barber. Inge- 
nious, excellent, celebrated, famed for any art or 
work of ingenuity. isbc>- i5Uk«»\ ustddi khiydt, A 
tailor. /oU**»l tll*fl* cMLtA ustddi haft dsmdn, 
Master of the seven heavens, the planet Jupiter. 
i V 

P ^jiiJo\ jlLtt^ istdddnidan, (and yjiWL^lL*>\ is- 
<a<^are(Zaw) To maketostand,constitute,establish,fix. 

p (^i^ljurtl istddagi, Stability. A stop, a stay, 
uli^ ^iS'^^^^ istddaghi bdrdn, A failure or want 
of rain. Ustddgi, A trade. Mastery of an art. 

p (^ jlJuo\ istddan, To stand, stop, dwell, halt. 

p » jljuol istdda. Standing ; set up, erected. A 
pole. An ensign-staff". The prop of a tent-door. 

p (^lilLwl ustddi, (or ^J'li\iM>\ ustdzi) An art, 
trade, workmanship. Excellence, skill in any art 
or profession, m*^ (_j'iill*«»\ ustddi kardan, To 
work, to exercise any art or trade. 

A iVjLjl tistdz, (pi. *»iS->U*»l asdtiza.f^ A teacher. 

A f^j'^^CL»\ustdzun, (pl.of jUL«*l«««<a«)Masters. 

p jljk«*»\ astdr, Lining. 

A jUuj*^ astdr, (pi. oijiut sitr) Veils. 

Gj\lu>\ istdr, (pl.jX>Uu\ asdtir) Four. A weight 
of 42- miskals, or 6-^ drams. 

p Jo).\Juu\ istdrdbdd, The city of Astarabad. 

A H>J3m>\ istdrat. Any thing that covers or de- 
fends, as a veil, awning, shield, wall, &c. 

p iJ3m>\ istdra, A star. A canopy. A geome- 
trical rule by which right lines are drawn. A kind 
of guitar with three strings. Name of a country, 
and of a fortress in the Dak'han. 

G J^lJLw^ istdfil, A grape. 

G t^ju^\jM>\ istdkus, A kind of long sea-crab, 

p ti)ljLu\ istdk, A cutting, a slip of a vine. 

pJXLA ustdgar, (orj£alL*»0 A skilful artist. 

p *lJu«»l ustdm, Saddle-ornaments of gold and 
silver. Any thing to which one can trust ; a con- 
fidant. A prop, a column. A patron. 

p ^JluA dstdn, A shoe-maker. Lying supine. 
A threshold. A king's court, royal palace. The 
Ottoman Porte. The tombs of prophets and other 
holy men. jji^iuli- J jjljuot dstdn bar hhdstan, 
To exalt, to elevate. To be ruined. OiiU<*> ^Jo^t 1 
dstani sa^ddat. The palace of felicity. jj)bi*>»l 
i^\JLj,}\ff' dstdni ^dU-shdn, The Sublime Porte, the 
court of high dignity. ^iJ* jjUu*»l dstdni ^dam, 
(or UJ ^o^A**>T dstdni fand) (The threshold of an- 
nihilation) The world. ^^J^J^ y^l dstdni gar- 
dun, The revolving heavens. Asitdn, Taking a 
person's horoscope. 

p ^^Uu«l astg.n, A place of rest: a sleeping-place. 

A jjjlju»i\ astdn, Roots of old trees. Istdn, (v. n. 
4 of iJ%M») Entering on a year of scarcity. Ustdn, 
Name of four districts near Baghdad. 

p ^Miy^KLiA dstdn-bosi, Threshold-kissing, 

T JvJ\ju»»\ istdmbul, Constantinople. 

p ^jiiJUurt^ istdndan. To constitute, set up. To 
bring forth. To take, receive. 

p «ilju»»lo«t7awa, A saint's tomb. A threshold. 
^J^|^S aJlLw 1 dsitdnad garddn, The heavens. 

p »i\ju«»\ astdna, A place of rest or sleeping. 

p ^3\-k«> I dsitdni, Belonging to a hall, or court. 

p ^^Jjj\ju«»\ dstdnldan, To keep back, to pre- 

vent going. 

A l\jM>\ astah, (pi. of sjwu) satah) Buttocks. 
\^jt^ (j\ j^ UUurtl ^3i^^ ^^ J «'« antum az- 
yaha astahan min an taffcdu, Ye are wholly una- 
ble to do (it). 

p (_ylL»»\ istai/, Stand. 

A .^LLw^ istibas, (v. n. 8 of \Ju*» for ^^) Taking 
prisoner, making captive. Captivating tlie heart. 

A »^UJLu\ istibd^at, (v. n. 10 of lb for \ji) Pre- 
paring a habitation. 

A (-.jLjuwu^ istibdb, (v. n. 8 ofcl«i">) Reviling 
one another. 

A »5LjL-»^ istihdtat, (v. n. 10 of Ob for Cax>.) 
Having or obtaining a night's food or lodging. 

A ftSULrtl istibasat, (v. n. 10 of ti'U for Cjji) 
Extracting, drawing forth. 

A «»-LL«»\ istibdhat, (v. n. 10 of -X> for ^y>) 
Deeming lawful. Making lawful. Permittmg 
one to pursue his inclinations. Extirpating. 

A jUL*il utibdr, (v. n. 8 of j<j^) Probing (a 
wound). Examining (an affair) to the bottom. 

A c,\J1im\ istibdf, (v. n. 8 of **•»») Stealing. 

A «pLJL*»\ istibdfat, (v. ti. 10 of eX) for *jo) 
Wishing to sell. Asking to sell. Requesting one 
to purchase. 

A ^\Jxut\ istibak, (v. n. 8 of Jjf>*») Contending 
for superiority in a race. Studying to excel. Get- 
ting off the road, losing the way. 

A «)LI«.\ istibdlat, (v. n. 10 of Jb for Jjj) 
Holding, retaining urine. 

p (^LL<»\ istaban, Seed of the wild rue. 

A 6iLju*)\ istibdnat, (v. n. 10 of ^Jo for (jro) 
Being evident, appearing. Knowing, understand- 
ing, having a distinct perception. Making clear. 
Making known. 

A JlijLrt^ istibtdl, (v. n. 10 of J::^) Being se- 
parated, disimited. 

A Lt.> U .L«>i istibsds, (v. n. 10 of t.^) Begging 
a thing may be communicated or divulged to one. 

A t^Ui'^^ istibhds, (v. n. 10 of i^j^) Inves- 
tigating, inquiring, examining. 

A jl^^ istibhdr, (v. n. 10 of^) Being spread 
out. Having a copiousness of language at com- 
mand (a poet). 

A i>)ii-I«*>\ istihddd, (v. n. 10 of !v) Being alone 
in any business. Being obstinate and dogmatical, 
scorning to ask advice. Absolute dominion, des- 
potism, usurpation of absolute authority, insisting 
upon a thing being done. 

A t\ii^ju«\ istibdd^ (v. n. 10 of ciiJ) Esteeming 
as new or strange. Producing something new. 

A o\s.JMi\istibddl,(v.n. lOof Jjj) Changing. 
Desiring or requestingto change. Accepting a sub- 
stitute. P u^^^ J\.iJuk«»\ To change, exchange. 

A J\i-i-j\ istibzdz, (v. n. 10 of jj) Being alone 
(in any business), managing (it) one's self. 

vj1m\ istabr, Great, thick, big, gross. 

{ 74 ) 

A >\^ijk«>\ istibrdt, (v. n. 10 of ^ ) Cleaning the 
organ of generation from all remains of urine. In- 
quiring particularly into the news, so as to be free 
from doubt. Getting rid (of any business). Ab- 
staining (from conjugal intercouree during the pe- 
riod of menstruation). 

A S\j3m>\ istibrdd, (v. n. 10 of liji) Finding or 
regarding (any thing) as cold. 

Aj\j3Mt\ istibrdz, (v. n. 10 of J^) Causing to 
come forth, p ^^J^ j\;uuo\ istibrdz kardan, To 
produce. To challenge. To provoke. 

A ^j^;U*»»\ istabrdk, A kind of thick satin. 

A jjjOu*»\ istabrak, A kind of thick satin. Sa- 
tin embroidered with gold. A red thong. 

A J\pijOk**>l istabrakiy, Satin, made of satin. 

A '^j<LJ\ istabrak, Thick brocade. 

A (J\jOifco\ istibzdl, (v. n. 10 of JjJ) Drawing off 
clear wine from the cask, racking, broaching. 

A JL~JuLu\ istibsdl, (v.n. 10 of ,J-m^) Exposing 
one's self to danger. Seeking death in the battle- 
field. Being killed. Habituating the mind to the 
thought of death. 

aXL^XuA istibshdr, (v. n. 10 of\ij) Rejoicing 
at, or announcing, good news. Certifying. 

A c\^JLt>\ istibshdf, (v. n. 10 of J~J) Consi- 
dering as nauseous, unwholesome, or unsuitable. 

A j'jAiLoi istibsdr, (v. n. 10 of waJ) Consider- 
ing with attention, examining, scrutinizing. 

A cUijJuu^ istibzd?, (v. n. 10 of J-oJ) Sorting 
out goods for sale. A kind of marriage in which 
the woman was the suitor. 

A M V» .Lrt\ istibtds, (v. n. 10 of ^laj) Thinking 
(one) slow, regarding (one) as dilatory. 

A ^jUa-JkM>\ istibtdn, (v.n. 10 of j^^) Conceal- 
ing. Becoming acquainted with the esoteric or in- 
ternal part o^a thing. Lying beneath, lining. 

A Ati,lui\ istibids, (v. n. 10 of Uj for j»o) Re- 
questing a loan. Borrowing (a dog) to hunt, or (a 
horse) to run. 

A jUjL*»\ istib^d, (v. n. 10 of Jjo) Thinking 
one to be at a distance. Retiring, withdrawing. 

A j U Jk«)\ istibsdl, (v. n. lOof Jjo) Becoming 
a husband. Becoming a wife. Thriving (a palm- 
tree or a field) without artificial irrigation. 

A ^U*Jk»»»\ istibghds, (v. n. 10 of (Jo) Wishing, 
seeking, longing for. Begging one to make search. 

A ^uuJLoi istibhds, (v. n. 10 of ^^j) Preserving 
alive. Leaving a portion, allowing it to remain. 

A ^lS-I*ul istihhdt, (v. n. 10 of ^^o) Moving, 
bringing tears, forcing or inducing one to weep. 

A JiLL*>\ istibldl, A recovering of health. 

A _\.^.*jk**»\ istibhdj, (v. n. 10 of ^) Rejoicing 
at, or announcing, good news. 

A Jl^-L«l istibhdl, (v. n. 10 of J^) Milking 
(a camel), having unloosed a bit of wood by which 
the teats were confined. Allowing people to live as 
they list (a governor). Affording refuge to those 

who wish to be without controul (a desert). 

A ^lf«jk*»»^ iitibhdm, (v.n. 10 of ^) Being ob- 
scure, ambiguous. Being dumb, or scarcely able 
to speak intelligibly. Appearing as a barbarian. 

A Xj\:i«»\ istitdbat, (v. n. lOof t_j\3 fori_.>y) 
Intreating to relent, inducing to repent. 

AjdxutS istitdr, (v. n. 8 ofj?Ci*») Being hid. Con- 
cealing one's self. Abstainingjtaking care, avoiding. 

A &*rt\:i«»U'«^«Ya«ai,(v.n.lO of (,_>«\3for (j-jl) )Be- 
coming a he-goat (a she-goat) ; applied to a low- 
born fellow on whom any mark of distinction has 
been conferred. 

A J\:i.»»\ istitdl, (v. n. 8 of ,JJk*») Following 
one another in succession. 

A c-jLjiiJua^ istitbab, (v. n. 10 of lI^)) Being set 
in order, arranged, settled, completed. 

A cbuL«\ istitbdf, (v. n. 10 of «^) Wishing, 
or asking to follow. Succession. 

A u-JUii«»»t istitrdf, (v. n. 10 of i_J;J) Being 
rebellious, insolent and impious. 

A ui)\^:.'Ii«>l istitkdk, (v. n. 10 of cdJlJ) Running 
the string into the drawers. 

A >5ki-.\ istitlds, (v. n. 10 of i)o for jl3) Call- 
ing upon one to follow. 

A jXe<L»\ istitmdm, (v. n. 10 of |^) Fulfilling, 
completing, bringing to a close. Desiring, asking 
that a thing might be completed. Asking for a 
hoe or mattock. 

A (^^jtfbuLwWVij^yas, (v.n. 10of(___jj\3for (jmJO) 
Longing for the male (a she-goat). 

A wl2u»»\ istisdbat, (v. n. 10 of i_-»b for «— ^y) 
Asking for a remuneration. Taking back or asking 
for any thing back that had been given. 

Aj^ilut\ istisidr, (v. n. 10 of .L)) Imploring 
help in order to avenge the death of another. 

A Sj\iS-»^ istisdrat, (v. n. 10 of jli foTj^) Stir- 
ring up (war, tumult, dust). Turning up out of 
the ground. 

A OLiLol istisbdt, (v. n. 10 ofC«o) Seeking 
confirmation or stability. Hesitating. Proving. 

A ^J^^^*^ istishhdn, (v. n. 10 of ^^) Over- 
coming any one (sleep). 

A jlalli-*^ istisfdr, (v. n. 10 of\fl.>) Clapping his 
tail between his legs (a dog). Passing the end of 
a garment between the legs and tying it to the waist. 

A JlfliL*»\ istiskdl, (v. n. 10 of (Jii-J) Oppress- 
ing. Finding heavy. Pronouncing with difficulty. 

A j\^L«) istismdd, (v. n. 10 of i\f ) Seeking 
one's goodwill or kindness. Draining, emptying. 

A -fUiLo^ istisnat, (v. n. 10 of ,_jj) Excepting, 
excluding. Saying, "if God will." <— ^ 
>UiI*«>^\ harfti 'I istisnds, A particle of exception. 

A (|^jUiJua\ istisnd-iii/, Exclusive, exceptive. 
p ^UiJu«\ (O^^ kiydsi istisndA, A replicative 
syllogism, where, if the antecedent is denied, the 
consequence is denied also. 

A '»j\^ istijdbat, (v.n. 10 of l-jU- for <—'♦>■) 



Hearing, receiving a petition. Giving an answer. 
Accepting, consenting. 

A Sj\j&*"' istijadat, (v. n. 10 of ^U for J^) 
Seeking, or finding (a thing) excellent. Looking 
out for a good horse. Appealing to one's liberality. 

A iS^^ istijdrat, (v.n. lOofjU- for j^) Im- 
ploring aid or protection. 

A ij\^^ istijdzat,(j. n. lOofjU forj^) Ask- 
ing leave, soliciting permission. Begging water 
for cattle, or irrisation. 

A s^l:**"' istijashat, (v. n. 10 of t_>iU- for 

|(jijk»-) Asking for troops. 
A «p\;£*"^ istija^t, (v. n. 10 of tU- for c.y>-) 
Appearing hungry. Being very hungry. 

A 'ei\^' istijdfat, (v. n. 10 of (__jU- for u- i^) 
Discovering (a place) to be hollow. Being wide, 
ample, and spacious. 

A jL^ istijhdr, (v. n. 10 ofjj*- ) Having one's 
broken fortune repaired. 

A JL£*"^ istijhdl, (v. n. 10 of JjL9.) Taking all 
that a man hath. 

A A.^4^^ htijddt, (v. n. 10 of \Jj»- for jJia-) 
Asking for a donation. 

A o\jj^' istijddd, (v. n. 10 of !U-) Renewing. 
Makinjj new. 

A Ajfi^ istijrds, (v. n. 10 of ,«^) Appointing 
an envoy or attorney. 

A ^j^ istijrdh, (y.n. 10 of _^) Being de- 
praved, corrupted. 

Aj];^ istijrdr, (v. n. 10 of _^) Drawing, 
dragging, pulling. Granting power to any one. 
Concealing, yielding, submitting to. 

Ajl/S-*' istijzdz, (v.n. lOofJa-) Being fit for 
jpping or gathering (com or dates). 
i^ A Jl*^^ istij^l, (v. n. 10 of J**.) Being in 
heat (a bitch). 

A As^^ intijfds, (v. n. 10 of Ua- for jia-) Es- 
teeming one to be injurious and oppressive. Find- 
ing (a bed) hard and uncomfortable. 

Ajli:^' istijfdr, (v. n. 10 of^fls-) Becoming 
four montlis old (a lamb). 

A L_>ilj£^' istijlSb, (v. n. 10 of c_i»-) Begging 
that any thing might be brought or driven to him. 

A jl,:**^^ utijmdr, (v. n. 10 of^) Being kept 
a long time at the seat of war (an army). Being 
assembled, flocking together. Cleaning one's self 
with a flint or sherd after going to the necessary. 

A p^*^ M^yma^, (v.n. 10 of «^) Being con- 
vened, assembled. Flowing together from all quar- 
ters (torrents). Drawing himself together in run- 
ning (a horse). Enjoying a full tide of prosperity. 
Running with all his might (a horse). 

A jU:^ istijmdl, (v. n. 10 of jj^) Growing 
up, attaining maturity (a camel). 

A J-^'"^ istijmam, (v. n. 10 of |^) Reposing, 
resting. Recruiting one's strength. Putting forth 
herbage. Abounding, being plentiful (water). 

( 75 ) 

A i_.^Lj5^' utijndb, A being polluted. 

A _li5*'*' istijndh, (v. n. 10 of Aj>-) Coming 
on (night), spreading (her) wings. 

A (jli^' istijndn, (v. n. 10 of '^') Covering 
one's self. Being concealed and protected. Ex- 
ulting, rejoicing. Being possessed of a demon. 

A A^^ istijwds, (v. n. 10 of j^^) Loathing, 
nauseating (food). 

A ^\j^^istijwab, (v.n. lOof (-jW for(_J>j»-) 
Hearing, listening to. Accepting. 

A uJ^j^'M<«;roa/;(v.n.lOof(_JU.foru-J^) 
Being spacious and roomy. 

A J^#^ istijhdl, (v.n. lOof J.^*) Consider- 
ing as ignorant and illiterate. Holding in con- 
tempt. Shaking a bough (the wind). 

A *\^^ istihds, (v. n. 8 of ^js?-) Shaving (the 
head). Scraping (cinders), "(v. n. 10 of ^-»-) 
Being ashamed of, blushing. 

A e3\^^ istihdsat, (v. n. 10ofLl»U- {or\ljj>-) 
Grubbing up the ground in search of something. 

A jl^***' istihdr, (v. n. 8 oij^) Crowing be- 
times (the cock). 

A 'ij^st^^ istihdrat, (v. n. 10 of .W for j^) 
Seeking or begging an answer. Trying to draw 
one out into conversation, (v. n. 10 ofjW for^jjw) 
Staring with wonder. Being filled with water (a 
place). Coming to maturity (youth). 

aLoI^**" wi<iAaza<,(v.n.lOof(^li>-for(_>aJ*.) 
Emitting blood (a woman), after the usual time of 
the monthly discharge has elapsed. The blood itself. 

A L_Jla£^^ istihdf, (v. n. 8 of i_AS^) (Wind) 
driving (aj2loud). Strippingawayfatfrom the back. 

A ai*^' istihdlat, (v. n. 10 of JU for J^) 
Undergoing a change, passing from one state to 
another. Undulating (the surface of the ground). 
Being distorted (a bow). Being impossible, or ab- 
surd (an assertion, a story). Considering as such. 
Looking attentively (at any object) to see whether 
it will move or not. 

A v_jLac^' istihhdh, (v. n.lO of tlo-) Taking 
a liking to, regarding, loving, choosing, preferring. 
Retaining water long (an animal's stomach). 

A ^UsJ^^ istihsds, (v. n, 10 of \5». forya.) 
Throwing dust in the faces of each other. 

A ti^llsd^^ istihsds, (v. n. 10 of il**) Insti- 
gating, urging. 

A j>^JC^' istihjds, (v. n. 10 of U*- for^) 
Smelling badly through disease (meat). 

A t-^Vas*^^ istihjdb, (v. n. 10 of ^-^) Ap- 

pointing a chamberlain. Requesting the ofiice of 

A j^^r*"^' istihjdr, (v.n. 10 of .r^) Becoming 
hard like a stone, petrifying (clay). Making a 
closet,chamber, orcell. Being bold,brave, intrepid. 

A \lA,i,J^'^istihdds, (v.n.lO of (JL>>i*-) Bring- 
ing out or doing something new. 

A tilj,**^' istihddd, (v. n. 10 of iS»-) Shaving 


about the pubes with a razor. Waxing angry. 

A >\t\*:^' istihzat, (v. n. 10 of j^i^) Asking 
for a shoe. Asking for a gift. 

A. j\^^ istihrdr, (v. n. 10 of^) Waxing 
hot. Being strong and firm (a twist). 

A ^j^^ istihrdm, (v. n. 10 oi ^j-) Wishing 
for the male (spoken in general of those animals 
which part the hoof). Being associated with what 
is sacred and inviolate. 

AjL-***"' istihsdr, (v. n. 10 of j-.*-) Being 
exhausted with fatigue. 

A jjL«i**^' istihsdn, (v. n. 10 of ^^^j'"^) Ap- 
proving. Praising. Taking, or considering as a 
favour. Approbation, esteem. 

A iJ.\±J-^^ istilishdsh, (v. n. 10 of (Jia-) Wi- 
thering (the hand). Rendering the shank thin (fat). 
Being thirsty. Being long (a branch). Being 
large (the fore-arm and the hand small withal). 

A uJli^^ istihshdf, (v. n. 10 of v_iio-) 
Drying up and shrivelling (a leathern bottle, udder, 
or ear). Putting on an old worn-out garment. 

A jLas:**"' istihsdd, (v. n. 10 of iX.a»-) Being 
twisted tight (a rope). Ripening, being fit for the 
sickle (com). Assembling, being mingled toge- 
ther and assisting each other. Being angry, 

A <_iLasii^^ istihsdf, (v. n. 10 of i_i-a9.) Be- 
ing confirmed,' established. Being adverse and 
imtoward (fortune). Being small and shrivelled. 

A J Las:**'*' istihzdr, (v. n. 10 of j-o>-) Coming 
to one's self. Urging to full speed. Occurring to 
the memory. Acquirement. 

A L_^Uas^^ istihtdb, (v. n. 10ofi.^Jaa-) Re- 
quiring to be pruned (a vine). 

A laUasiJ^^ istihtdt, (v. n. 10 of k-) Begging 
that burdens may be removed, or sins remitted. 
Asking for an abatement, drawback, or discount. 

A ^las?^' istihfdf, (v. n. 10 of (_^) Interro- 
gating, exploring, investigating, asking news. 

A iiUi^*** ' istihfdz, (v. n. 10 of lato-) Desiring 
one to remember, or to take care of, any thing. 

A u-Jlfl^^ istihfdf, (v. n. 10 of (Jas-) Tak- 
ing the whole (of another's property). 

A (-jlHac^^ istihkdb, (v. n. 10 of i__*as-) Tak- 
ing behind one's back. Perpetrating a crime. 

Ajlii^^ istihhdr, (v. n. 10 of jH»-) Despising. 

A jlatf^ istihhdh, (v. n.lOof Jjs>-) Claiming 
one's right. Deserving, being worthy. Merit, desert. 

A ij^^i^^ istihhdk,(y. n.lO of i2lo-) Itching, 
requiring to be scratched (the head). 

A |»\isJ^ istihhdm, (v. n. 10 of /•*»•) Being 
strengthened, confirmed, done firmly and eff'ec- 
tually. Hardness, tightness, firmness. 

A >!iU^^ istihld^, (v. n. 10 of ^) Esteem- 
ing, deeming to be sweet. 

A L->!iks?-'^ istihldb, (v. n. 10 of t-J*-) Milk- 
ing. Requesting leave to milk. 

A (jJ^U?^ ' istihlds, (v. n. 10 of (j«A>- (Cover- 


( 76 ) 

ing the face of the earth (grass). Sticking close to 
one, never leaving him (fear). Selling water, and 
not giving to drink. Having ducts of fat in the 
hinder part (a camel's bunch). 

A ;_i^)J^^ istihlaf, (v. n. 10 of i_iW) Ad- 
juring, causing to swear, commanding to be sworn. 

A J^ksC***'' istihlak, (v. n.lO of Jji*-) Longing 
insatiably for the male without conceiving. 

A Jil^si^^ istihBl, (v. n.lO of J>.) Consider- 
ing lawful. Wishing a thing lawful, begging that 
it may be so. Asking absolution. 

A (jil»*?*"^ istthmash, (v. n. 10 of ^JJ^) Be- 
ing in a fierce rage. 

A (_>il,s^' istihmaz, (v. n.lO of (.^a^) Find- 
ing (a thing or vegetable) salt and bitter. 

A jl,*?^^ istihmak,{M. n. lOof J?") Thinking 
one a fool. Being foolish, acting like a fool. 

A jUs^ istihmal, (v. n. 10 of J.?-) Desiring 
to bear, carry, or take upon one's self. Patience. 

A jX^s^ istihmam, (v. n. 10 of *»■) Washing 
in warm water. Taking a warm bath. Sweating. 

A iUsc****' istihndz, (v. n. 10 of jjc*) Basking 
in the sun, in order to get a sweat. 

A ialj,^^' istihnat, (v. n.lO of iajo-) Braving, 
despising death. 

A ^\:J^^ istihnak, (v. n. 10 of uill>) Eat- 
ing heartily after eating sparingly. Being torn 
up by the roots (the plant jLaC- iizaJi). 

A ^jU^*^' istihnan, (v. n. 10 of (tp-) Being 
under strong emotions, yearning greatly. 

A h\y^^ istihrvaz, (v. n. 10 of ii\>- for ij»-) 
Prevailing against, overcoming. 

A (_)rt\j^^**'' istihmas, (v. n. 10 of (_>»jIs»- for 
(^_ju»>-) Restraining one's self. Tarrying, lingering. 

A [^\^^!*^ istihmaz, (v. n. 10 of (^l>- for 
i^y>-) Flowing into a tank, making a pond or 
reservoir for itself (water). 

A -^Ls^' istihyas, (v. n. 10 of j_»»-) Blushing, 
being ashamed. Leaving alive, preserving alive. 

A ils?*"' istilihaz, (for 'c>\£\ittikhaz) A taking 
to one's self. 

A SjlaC**"' istihharat, (v. n. 10 ofjli- forjy>-) 
Making a fawn cry out that the dam may come 
within his reach (a hunter). Conciliating favour. 
Driving a stake in the mouth of a hyena's hole, 
that he may come out at another place. Making 
(a habitation) neat and clean, (v. n. 10 of jl>- for 
jA»-) Praying for the blessing of God, or for suc- 
cess, or for any thing that is good. Wishing or 
asking for the best. 

A a\i=^^ istikhalat, (v. n. 10 of Jli- for Jj^) 
Begging the loan of a horse. Regarding as a ma- 
ternal uncle, (v. n. 10 of Jji»-) Being vain, proud. 

A &i\ic'^' istihhanat, (v. n. 10 of j^l»- for w^) 
Considering as pei-fidious, regarding as a traitor. 

A ^Lfc-**^ istikhbdj:, (v. n. 10 of ^_^) Pitch- 
ing and entering into (a tent). 


Aj\.j£^Uiitikhhar, (v. n. 10 of j^i-) Interro- 
gating, exploring, investigating, informing one's 
self, asking news, desiring advice. 

A JLsc'^^ istiJthbdl, AhoYTOVi'mg (of a camel). 

A ^Jzs^^ istikhsdn, (v. n. 10 of ^y^) Over- 
powering (sleep). 

A *\i\i^' istikhddm, (v. n. 10 of (»iJi-) Seek- 
ing to obtain one as a servant. Taking any one 
into one's service. Stating a proposition in terms 
capable of a two-fold interpretation. 

A ^^j.a^' istikhzds, (v. n, 10 of Iji-) Hum- 
bling one's self, submitting, (v. n. 10 of i^Si'-') 
Becoming weak and trampled upon. 

Fjk^ istakhr, A lake, pool, ditch. The an- 
cient Persepolis : the Persian fabulous tradition 
says, that it was built by the fairies in the time of 
Jan bin Jan, who ruled the world long before Adam. 

A L-j\f^ iMihhrdh, (v. n.lO of L-^) Being 
broken down by misfortune. Longing for, wishing. 

A ^\^^ istikhrdj, (v. n. 10 of _. a.) Wishing, 
purposing to bring out. Extracting, drawing out, 
making come forth. Deriving. Selecting, choosing. 

A ls\^sc**"' istihhrdt, (v. n. 10 oi\>J>-) Persist- 
ing in crying, weeping sorely. 

A (^^^ML-ac**** istikhsds, (v. n. 10 of (j!^) Con- 
sidering as base, discovering (one) to be despicable. 

A ^JJ:Ji^^ istihhshdn, (v. n. 10 of ^^JLs^ ) Find- 
ing (one) to be rough and unpolished. 

A (^Lair'**' istikhsds, (v. n. 10 of (_>si-) Con- 
fen'ing a mark of distinction on any one, placing 
him amongst the nobility. 

A fKsLk^^ istikhfds, (v. n. 10 of ,_^) Hiding 
one's self, lurking. 

Ajlttis?*"' istikhfdr, A sueing for protection. 

A cJUit^^ istikhfdf, (v. n. 10 of u!ai-) De- 
spising, holding in contempt, or in small esteem. 
Esteeming lightly. Finding (any thing) light, and 
carrying it away (the wind). Turning (any one) 
aside from what is reasonable and proper, and 
leading (him) to vanity. 

A >5U^^ istikhld^, (v. n. 10 of ^ forjli-) 
Being empty, void, deserted (a place). Request- 
ing a private interview. Seeking privacy. 

A L_^iUJ-" ^ M<«M?a6,(v. n.lO of i_Ji- ) Scratch- 
ing, tearing (with the nails). Cutting (grass). 

A (^^Jjc**"' istikhlds, (v. n. 10 of (^jei^) De- 
siring liberation, seeking liberty. Seeking to save. 
Appropriating to one's self. Making special and 
private. Claimingandtakingthe whole of any thing. 

A ialiU^^ istikhldt, (v. n. 10 of kii-) Covering 
without the assistance of man (a stallion-camel). 

A L_J^li^^ istikkldf, (v. n. 10 of uiii-) Ap- 
pointing successors. Leaving posterity. Coming 
after, succeeding. Drawing water. 

AjUas^ istikhmdr, A reducing to slavery. 

A j^Ui?*"' istihhndn. The stinking (of a well). 

A iJi\js^Ustihhwdl, (v. n. 10 of Jli- for Jjs») 


Takingfor servants or handmaids. Regarding (one) 
as a maternal uncle. Begging the loan of a horse, 
p ^^\jssf*" iistukhmdn, A hone. A kernel, stone 
of fruit. A skeleton. Thefoundationof an edifice. 
The text of a book. An instrument of war. Noble. 
^Jii/ Jiji f^^sii^ ustuhhmdn dar gulu giriftan, 
(To get a bone in the throat) To suffer distress. 
v^yjii^jii^ ustuhhwdyi-huzurgf'Nohly-hoTn. 

V ciJJ ^J\jS^^ ustukhwdn-hand, A B^Vmt, Met. 

Vj\y>- ^^y^ ustukhmdn-khwdr, (or ^^j^ 
\ij ustukhwdn-nild,), A kind of large eagle, which 
feeds upon, or carries off, bones. 

P (J^jjJ w^y^ ustukhwdn-faroshi, Roguery. 

p iliiil*;^' ustukhrednak, A small bone. 

A AsL»\ istidds, (v. n. 8 of ^^^X-j) Stretching 
forth the hand. Playing with nuts. Sweating. 

A jl.iJuu\ istiddd, (v. n. 8 of S-«») Standing 
erect. Acting uprightly. Becoming closed (stitch- 
holes in a leathern bottle). 

A *i,^iii*u\ istiddrat, (v. n. 10 of jb for jjd) 
Turning round, making a circle, revolving. Being 
or becoming round, assuming a circular form. 

A »*Ua«»1 istiddmat, (v. n. 10 of Ji> for ^j J) 
Wishing to be quiet, permanent, perpetual. Seek- 
ing, wishing perpetuity. Being easy and lenient 
towards a debtor, by gentle means seekmg to ob- 
tain, or obtaining, payment. Soaring in a circle. ' 
Procrastinating, putting off. 

A *ilj>L«\ istiddnat, (v. n. 10 of ^^b for j^.J) 
Borrowing, contracting debts, getting in debt. 

A jbjoLrt^ istidbdr, (v. n. 10 ofjiJ) Turning 
back, going backwards, retiring behind. Following, 
coming at the back or rear. Knowing at length 
something not known before. Choosing, selecting. 

A ».ljjOk«»\ istidrdj, (v. n. 10 of »-ji^) Advan- 
cing or promoting by degrees, step by step, bring- 
ing near. Disturbing (one) and then leaving him 
to roam about the earth ; or to roll on the ground. 
(God) consigning to punishment an obstinate un- 
grateful sinner, on whom he has conferred innu- 
merable benefits. Causing any thing to roll about 
(as wind does the gravel). Deceiving. Loving to 
follow a new-born colt (a camel). 

AjViiJww^ istidrdr, (v. n. 10 ofjO) Shaking (as 
the wind), forcing rain from the clouds. Flowing 
plentifully (milk). Longing for the male (a goat), 

A tdJl;JjL«\ istidrdk, (v. n. 10 of (^ J) Wish- 
ing, endeavouring to comprehend or obtain. Re- 
storing, mending. Correcting, making accurate, 
Emendation. Restriction. 

A s\s-C>lui\ istidfds, (v. n. 10 of Ipj for j&J) 
Asking. Calling upon. 

A ^\s;U<j*\ istidfds, (v. n. 10 of ^i>) Putting 
on warm clothing. Trying to get heat. 

A c\sjj««^ istidfd^ (v. n. 10 of «JJ) Praying 
that (God) may avert, or ward off. 

A uJ^JJUl istidfdf, (v. n. 10 of uJJ) Flat- 

tering, moving the wings and feet (a pigeon). Be- 
ing right, straight, feasible, easy, possible, in one's 
power. Shaving the body. 

A S^Jjuul istidkah, (v. n. 10 of jj) Being 
minute, fine, thin, and slender. 

A j^Jou**^ istidldk, (v. n. 10 of ^O) Bringing 
out the coarse dervish's habit called ^iJ dalak. 

A J^ciJu**) {stidlal,(v. n. 10 of Jj) Deducing 
arguments, gettinga clue. Asking reason or proof. 

A -*l«tijL«»^ htidmas, (v. n. 10 of ^J) By gentle 
means getting payment from a debtor. 

Bp j^jju*>\Mte(/an,Torise,stand,orworkstanding. 
A fX>,ilu>\htidnas,{\.n.\Q o{\>d^ov ^li) Ask- 
g leave to draw near. Begging one to approach. 
A (_.> I Jjuwl istiztah, (v. n. 10 of L-Jlj) Resem- 
bling a wolf, having a wolf-like appearance. 

A &j\ij[M»l istizabat, (v. n.lO of l-jI--^ for t— 'ji) 
Asking for honey or wax. Wishing to melt. 

A *^ JjLwl istizras, (v. n. 10 of Vh for jji) 

Rutting (a she-goat). Seeking shade or protection. 

A c^jjLu) idisrci^ (v. n. 10 of cj J) Using (a 

thing) as a screen behind which to lurk (a hunter). 

A uJ^JJ-»\ istizfaf, (v. n. 10 of tjlij) Being 

right, straight, easy, feasible, in one's power. 

A -^oiJurt^ istizkat, (v. n. 10 of tj'i) Blazing 

much (a flame). 

I AjOjjuul istizkar, (v. n. 10 oi S'6) Recalling 

I to recollection. Studying, committingto memory. 

A J^ jJL*^ istizlal, (v. n. 10 of Jii) Soothing 

and coaxing (a camel) by picking the tikes off 

■ (him). Holding in contempt, despising. 

»A .^UjdL**^ istizmas, (v. n, 10 of ^li) Recover- 
one's property from another. Investigating. 
A iUijLul istizmam, (v. n. 10 of Jii) Behaving 
in a manner deserving of censure. 

A LjUiijuul istiznab, (v. n. 10 of i— *ii) Fol- 
lowing closely at the tail : treading in the steps of. 
Being finished, completed, and correct (business). 
||K A t_->l* ji«.l istizhab, (v. n. 10 of t-A^i) Wish- 
ing to go away, begging a departure. 

A f^sLi»\ istizhan, (v. n. 10 of ^ofcj) Caus- 
ing to forget, callingoff or distracting the attention. 
V^m P^^I astar, A kind of coarse thin stuff fit for 
^^ning garments. The inside of any thing, the lin- 
Jng of a garment. A star. 

vj^\ astar, A mule (the first breeding of which 
IS ascribed to Pharaoh). The lining of a garment. 
A AJsm\ istirtai, (v. n. 10 of (_f V) Wishing or 
asking to see. Taking for a hypocrite. Consult- 
ing, asking advice. Seeing, perceiving, knowing. 
A Aj^ igtirui, (v. n. 8 oi\jut for jwj*) Choos- 
ing, selecting. Picking out the best for (his) prey 
(death), (v. n. 8 of tjf^^ Travelling by night. 

p jbj_juu^ astarabad, Name of a city in Ma- 
zendaran on the shore of the Caspian. 

A 'ij\JL>t\ istirabat, (v. n. 10 of I 

A. for 


Doubting, suspecting, judging unfavourably, ob- 

( 77 ) 

serving something which induces suspicion. 

A «_>^/k*o\ istirdmt, (v. n.lO of Lijl. for t^j) 
Deeming lazy, slothful. Delaying, being dilatory. 
Asking a delay. 

A »^\JiMt\ istirahat, (v. n. 10 of —^ for ^jj) 
Smelling, scenting, nosing. Reposing, relying. 
Seeking or finding rest. Quiet, rest, tranquillity. 

■pJ\fM>\ istarar, A lentil. 

A 'Lo\jiu>\ istirazat, (v. n. 10 of ^__>i), for i_>9j j) 
Being full of water (a reservoir or valley). Being 
very moist (a spot). Lying open and abounding in 
flowers. Being vigorous and cheerful (mind). 

A i>];S«>\ istirat, (v. n. 8 of ^ju*) Swallowing. 

A 'iS-\fM»\ istirafat, (v. n. 10 of c\j for ^j) 
Being astonished, bewildered. 

A ^j\JLj>\ istirak, (v. n. 8 of j >*«) Stealing, 
carrying ofi" by stealth. Listening surreptitiously, 
overhearing, playing the eaves-dropper. 

A ^^\jMi\ istirsal, (v. n. 10 of Jj,) Becoming 
large or very numerous (young ostriches). Shoot- 
ing upwards (like the neck of an ostrich) a plant. 

p bjL*>\ astarba, (or j^bpL*>\) A muleteer. 

A c\jpL»»\ istirbaf, (v. n. 10 of jJ,) Being 
heaped together (sand). Being raised (dust). Tra- 
velling fast. Applying diligently (to work). 

A ^\iJLu\ istirtaj, (v. n. 10 of ^) Pronoun- 
cing with difficulty, stammering, stuttering. 

A cWpLwoi istirjai, (v. n. 10 of ^-,) Applying 
to God in afiliction, by repeating the ejaculation 
from the Kur'an, m.^*?'^ *s^^ ^\) ^ ^^ *'"*« li'llah 
ma inna ilayhi rdji^n, Verily we belong to God, 
and verily we shall return to him. Asking or taking 
back the whole or part of any thing once given. 

A Jl»-^L«\ istirhdl, (v. n. 10 of J^) Asking 
leave to travel, craving permission to migrate. 

G li-jLwul istirhhd, Red orpiment. 

A f\»-Jxui\ istirkhas, (v. n. 10 of U-, fory>-.) 
Hanging down. Being relaxed and flaccid. Hav- 
ing liquid stools. Looseness, flabbiness, flaccidness. 

A i^\»-JLxri istirkhas, (v. n. 10 of oai-j) Va- 
luing low. Buying cheap. Regarding as cheap. 

A jliSpurt^ istirddd, (v. n. 10 of S,) Demanding 
restitution of any thing, whether given, deposited 
in trust, or taken without consent. Repelling. 

A 1 j\i>juu\ istirddf, (v. n. 10 of i Jii,) Asking 

to be taken up behind another on horseback. 

p jjJJual usturdan, To shave. To erase. 

o biSjJuwl istiridiya, An oyster. 

A J^ipurtl istirzdl, (v. n.lO of Jiij) Holding in 
contempt. Discovering (one) to be vile and base. 

A 'c.\\JLn\ istirzagh, (v. n. 10 of cj,) Esteem- 
ing, regarding, or finding weak and contemptible. 

A Jl-J^l istirsdl, (v. n. 10 J*")) Being al- 
lowed to hang loose (hair). Cidtivating an inti- 
macy. Being insolent and rude. Requesting one 
to send (camels) in separate herds. Acquiring a 
habit. Affability, freedom from reserve. 

p i^jXui] usturask, A ploughshare. A hoe. 

A fi\J^luA istirshdi, (v. n. 10 of Uj, for J^j) 
Desiring, asking a bribe. Letting suck. Obey- 
ing, submitting to, seeking to please and conciliate. 

A ^u<ijju*»i istirshdh, (v. n. 10 of >*>.) Coming 
to its full size (the plant }^ buhma'). Bringing 
up, rearing (young cattle). Waiting for a field to 
become fit for grazing or mowing. 

A liLIipuwl istirshdd, (v. n. 10 of JuS*.) Being 
well directed, going right. Seeking direction. 

A (^\Ji>JL»\ istirshdsh, (v. n.lO of (__)^) Wisli- 
ingto suck, putting its head between the dam's legs. 

A fi^^JLuiS istirzds, (v. n. 10 of ,_^) Endea-. 
vouring, seeking or wishing to please and satisfy. 

A cli^^Juui istirzdf, (v. n. 10 of A^) Inquu-ing, 
and looking out for a wet-nurse. 

A >U?puul istirtdi, (v. n. 10 of Ua,) Becoming 
silly, stupid, or foolish. 

A 1j11?^Iuo\ istirtdt, (v. n. 10 of \sj) Esteeming 
to be a fool. 

A As.Jiui\ istirtas, (v. n. 10 of ^^j) Asking 
one to feed, or take charge of any thing. 

A I )\s^JLt*\ istirtdf, (v. n.lO of(_flSj) Laming 

a camel, making his feet bleed (a sharp stone). Run- 
ningfull speed (a horse). Tryingtomake(fat)drip. 

A JIP;I-»1 istir^l, (v. n. 10 of Jsij) Follow- 
ing one another in a line (sheep). Leading the van. 

Aj\S'JLu\ istirgkaz, (v. n. 10 ofJSj) Esteeming 
orfinding weak. Considering as soft, placid, gentle. 

A (_)»>liyu»>\ istirghds, (v. n. 10 of (j-Sj) Con- 
sidering as soft, or finding soft. 

A jljpuul istirfdd, (v. n. 10 of ji.) Seeking, 
needing, craving, or imploring help. 

A [_yyiJLn\ istirfdz, (v. n. 10 of i^jai.) Being 
widely extended (a valley). 

A ttfj-uo^ istirfa^ (v. n. 10 of J-J;) Wishing 
to raise or carry of. Requiring to be cleared (a 
table, the meal being ended). 

A »\J^L«\ istirfdh, (v. n. 10 of sS.) Reposing, 
remaining, quiet, enjoying the pleasures of life. 

A AaJLiA istirhds, (v. n. 10 of ^j,) Asking ano- 
ther to charm. Applying to one skilled in magic. 

A ^JLm\ istirkdf, (v. n. 10 of J-^) Needing 
repair, requiring a patch (a garment). 

A jiSyJLul isiirhdh, (v. n. 10 of Jj.) Reducing 
to slavery. Being thin. Diffusing itself lightly 
(water). Sinking almost entirely into the ground. 

G i^JLJ\ istarak, Storax. 

A ^J}%J)M>\ istirhdh. (v. n. 10 of ^^J) Esteem- 
ing or discovering to be weak. 

G i^'^JLm\ usturldb, An astrolabe. 

A fJ:j>\<JL»\ istirmds, (v. n. 10 of (.i^) Esta- 
blishing, confirming in the possession of property. 

A (jJU^kM*! istirmdk, (y.n. 10 o£ LiXoj) Being 
little esteemed in their own account. 

A j,^JLm\ htirmdm, (v. n. 10 of !!,) Requiring 
reparation, standing in needof repair(aliouse,&c.). 

Asking for the means of making(ahouse)habitable. 

A —Ijjjuut istirwah, (v. n. 10 of _lj for --jj) 
Resting. Seeking or finding rest. Smelling. Re- 
lying, leaning on, trusting to. 

p ^^^y*^\ atarvan, (Mule-like) Barren female. 

p (^jjJLul astarunitan, (in zand and Pazand) 
To shut, to close. 

p iJiuA mtura, A razor. ^j6x^ tJLuA ustura 
Itsidan, (To lick a razor) To risk one's life, to evince 
daring and temerity. 

A L-jlfcyu-il istirhab, (v. n. 10 of u_ *^) Terri- 
fying, alanning. 

A «jVji:*«»\ istizatat, (v. n. 10 of Olj for tJl*>j) 
Asking for oil. 

A »iiViv*«l istizddat, (v. n. 10 of i>^ for ,WJ) De- 
siring an augmentation. Considering (a man) as 
having done less than (he) ought : wanting more 
from him. Egging a person on, encoring. 

A 'ij\jiu>\ istizarat,{\. n. 10 ofj^ ^^^jij) ^^- 
questing a visit. 

A Aj'jMiS istizras, (v. n. 10 of (jfjj) Despising, 
holding in contempt. 

A 1 j\j|/u<jl istizfaf, (v. n. 10 of i JJ) Render- 
ing lierht. 

A J^^^JLj^ istizlal, (v. n. 10 of Jj) Causing or 
wishing one to stumble, or blunder in speaking. 

AjU:-^-^^ isthhhar, (v. n. 10 of ji^) Mock- 
ing, deriding, making a laughing-stock. 

A -.\j.Jlui\ idisraj , (v. n. 10 of _,«») Trimming 
a lamp. 

A .^.>.,i L «>^ istisrar, (v. n. 10 of jj<>) Being con- 
cealed. Keeping a mistress privately. 

A *\*»»JL>»' istisfas, (v. n. 10 of (A«»») Striving, 
endeavouring, being anxious to accomplish. Oblig- 
ing a maimmitted servant to work hard at a thing, 
in consequence of which he may obtain full liberty. 

A i>\,» > ,»«.L«>i istis^ad, (v. n. 10 ofSiuo) Consider- 
ing as happy, regarding as fortunate. Desiring 
happiness. Asking assistance. 

A \o\ » "jut] istis^t, (v. n. 10 of ia*i*>) Snuffing 

up the urine (of a she-camel). 

A (jl«<«JkM»l istis^l, (v. n. 10 of jjj«*u) Resem- 
bling a hag. Brawhng, being foul-mouthed. 

A jlfiy-juwl isthfad, (v. n. 10 of ii>a«») Approach- 
ing (a camel) from behind, to vault upon (his) back. 

A jI o m. 'u »>\ istisfar, (v. n. 10 of ji«») Request- 
ing (a matter) to be made clear and plain. 

A f'\'i jJiiil isthhas, (v. n. 10 of ,ji**») Asking 

for water, offering up public prayers for rain. Ask- 
ing for drink. Labouring under a dropsy, being 
filled with yellow water (the belly). ^J g^^'n'-, 'u-\ 
utiskasi zihki, The anasarca. j_^-l> f\ji^.'iM>\ istis- 
kasi tdbli, Tympany. 

p eciji Uu-L*>' istulta-girifta, Dropsical. 

A (_J^L~L*>\ hthlaf, (v. n. 10 of i_fl)u«) Pay- 
ing in advance. Asking for and receiving the mo- 

( 78 ) 

ney before the delivery of the goods. 

A (.^L~L»»\ istisldm, (v. n. 10 of J**>) Submit- 
ting to the authority of another, giving way to his 
judgment. Paying in advance. 

A ^j\,...\'.»\ istisman, (v. n. 10 of j^;*^) Judg- 
ing, or discovering to be fat. Asking for butter 
or something fat. 

A -\'xJxm\ istisnah, (v. n. 10 of ^jm) Enquir- 
ing, examining, exploring. 


\ istisnan, (v. n. 10 of ^ju>) Having 
large teeth. Walking in a road or mode of life. 
Being stricken in years. Being travelled (a road). 

A Jl^ '>'»>^ istis-hal, (v.n. 10 of J.^^) Esteem- 
ing easy. Rendering easy. 

A |»lj— Jy*>l istis-ham, (v. n. 10 of *^) Wish- 
ing or requesting to draw lots. 

A 'iSJi.M>»\ istisharat, (v. n. 10 of.liS* for-jj**) 
Consulting, asking advice. Smelling the female 
to discover if she be in foal. Putting on goodly 
raiment. Being plain and clear. Becoming fat 
and handsome (camels). Gathering honey. 

A gljV.t.'.'««>\ istishatat,(y.n.'\Qoi)o\MioY\iSM) 
Boiling with rage. Becoming fat(acamel). Laugh- 
ing heartily. Flying fast (a dove). Being light, ac- 
tive, and expeditious. 

A C^\."..lLt)\ istishtat, (v. n. 10 "f ^ ".*.) Being 

dispersed, scattered. 

A ^W~^*''««<w/i/(a/,(v.n.lO of >*^)Tryingto 
make (a raven) croak. 

A AjLmA istinhras, (v. n. 10 of ti>*») Being 
weigh tyand momentous. Beingangry,quarrelsome. 

A L^\ ji:S. in\ istishrab, (v.n. 10 of l—^^) Being 
deep, intense (colour, tincture, dye). 

A .\ j t ^ u»\ istishravj (v. n. 10 of jji») Becoming 
possessed of a large herd of camels. 

A ]gjj.l:u»\ istishrat, (v. n. 10 of !»;->) Having 
murrain (a flock). 

A i_j|,. ^ .lit»\ ixtishraf, (v.n. 10 of u-J*-*) Look- 
ing upwards at gome object, and screening the eyes 
(with the hand) from the glare of the sun. De- 
manding any thing noble and perfect. Attending 
closely to any thing lest it suffer damage. De- 
frauding another of his due. 

Ajl j« .X«> > l istishzar, (v.n. lOof jli*) Twisting 
(a rope) from the left hand, or from the outside 
inwards. Being so twisted. Being high. Raising. 

AXaJ^tiS isthh^r, (v. n. 10 of jci») Putting 
on the garment jUji) shhar. Being haii-y (a foetus). 
Being apprehensive and concealing one's fears. 

A A»J:,-;.J\ istishfas, (v. n. 10 of ^JlL) Seek- 
ing the recovery of health. 

A c.\ i .t Z u>\ istisJifaf, (v. n. 10 of J^i) Implor- 
ing (one) to intercede, begging (his) intercession. 

A 1 il^i'^ o l istishfaf, (v. n. 10 of t_fl«») See- 
ing through any transparent and diaphonous ob- 
ject (as a thin and flimsy garment or piece of stuff ). 

A -PiLiJUrtl istishlas, (v. n. 10 of 2l5> for^) 


Liberating. Being angry. Calling out to be res- 
cued from danger and destruction. 

A a\.< t'XtttS istishmam, (v. n. 10 of ^) Wish- 
ing to smell. 

A a\.'>..t/;*w\ istishnaf, (v. n. 10 fi-i>) Regarding 
as shameful, odious, deformed, and abominable. 

A ^J\iJlZu>\ isthhnan, (v. n. 10 oi ^^') Becom- 
ing lean. Becoming old and shrivelled (a leathern 
bottle). Thirsting for milk. 

A iil^:i*>\ istishhad, (v. n. 10 of iX^) Taking 
evidence, summoning witnesses, (in the passive 
voice) Falling a martyr or witness for religion. 

AX^tZ*t»\ istishhar, (v. n. 10 o{ j^) Being 
published, proclaimed, or blazoned abroad. 

A «jLflLUuV/s<*4a&a<, (v. n.lOof u^\<o for(_Jyo) 
Deeming right, approving. Asking for or requir- 
ing what is right and proper. 

A —\x>aluA isthhuh, (v. n. 10 of ^^) Trim- 
ming a lamp. Asking for a lamp. 

A j\juOJw*»\ istisbar, (v. n. 10 of ^;^*«) Being 
thick and dense. 

A ilfo^^M*^ istishagh, (v. n. 10 of jf>o) Asking 
for colour or dye. 

A u..,Ltf-»^^ istu-hah, (v. n. 10 of i-"*^) As- 
sociating with, becoming sociable. Wishing for or 
inviting the company of any person. 

A \^;*-«*»' utis-hah,(v. n. 10 of '^) Being re- 
stored to health and soundness (a sick person). 

A ^\yaMt\ istisrahh, (v. n. 10 of ^j<o) Asking 
aid, imploring help. 

A I i\ j ta^ m \ istisraf, (v. n. 10 of uJ;^) Pray- 
ing (God) may avert. 

A L-.?\ i» <a. ' ;.^l Misiob, (v. n. 10 of i i---^) Being 
difficult, perverse, untractable. Considering, find- 
ing, or discovering to be difficult. 

Aj^iaOMtiS istisghar, (v. n. lOof jio) Despising, 
holdingin small estimation, viewing with contempt. 

A f\a,idl>M\ utisfas, (v. n. 10 of \io for _ja<o) 
Choosing, selecting, taking the best or whole of any 
thing, exhausting. Considering as clear and pure. 

A -^^ « fltM» ^ istulat, (v. n. 10 of A<o) Asking 
for roast meat. 

A — ^LaJuu^ istislah, (v. n. 10 of J^e) Seeking 
peace. Wishing to amend, repair, or rectify. 

A c.\«<fl. ' ^»»i istismdgh, (v. n. 10 of iv*) Asking 
Extracting gurn. Having a sore. 

A L-j\yaMi\istiswdb,(y.n.lOo{i^\je for(_-'j>o) 
Approving, thinking well of, esteeming right. 
Asking or requiring what is right, p ■ ^^j -m" — ^ 
^^lip isfurvdb kardan, To approve. To consult. 

A jA ^" , a \ istizasat, (v. n. 10 of Ato for ^yO^ 
Making bright. Asking for light, pr counsel. 

A ij^ .q ' . 'm >) istizarat, (v. n. 10 of .1^ for jvo) 
Longing for the male. 

A fti\<a : ;. » \ istlzafat,(Y. n.lO of i sLo fori_ftJLpo) 

Imploring help. Inviting one to be a guest. 
A sJ>Uflu«»\ utizahatjiY. n. 10 of il>o for /ii^) 

for gum. 



Trying to contract by constrictive Iotions(a woman). 
A *«Liiw»\ istizamat, (v. n. 10 of (•Lo for i,***^) 
Diminishing. Defrauding. 

A ^\xjOMt\ istizbaf, (v. n. 10 of ff>«) Want- 
ing the male (a camel). 

A uiJU;'*^^ utizlmh, (v. n. 10 of tdis^) De- 
tnring or wishing to laugh. 

A AyoluiS istizras, (v. n. 10 of \yO for j ^<e) 
Deceiving, circumventing. Hunting stealthily. 

A L-^V .a.7.»i istizrah, (v. n.lO of ^^yo) Becom- 
ing white and candied (honey) . Deceiving,cheating. 

A ^ j to ^ yu A istizra^ (v. n. 10 of fj>o) Being 
humble, supplicating. 

A M\jtkX*t^ istizram, (v. n. 10 of i»yo) Kin- 
dling (a fire). 

A i Jl»fc.ou*uVw<fosq/',(v.n.lOofc-a«<o)Esteem- 

ing, considering, or finding weak. Oppressing. 

A J^.<x.'..« > l istizlal, (v. n. 10 of (J^) Wishing 
that (another) may err, miscarry or perish. 

A jl««a : . ' ,»i.>^ istizmar, (v. n. 10 of jv*) Conceiv- 
in the mind. 

Aj\ j ^ : .',.»l istizmar, (v. n. 10 of .La for j^) 
Wanting the bull (a cow). 

A tJ^iftaMA istizhal, (v. n. 10 of (J-p^) En- 
quiring, informing one's self. 

A eJ^'ialuAigtitdbat, (j.n.lOoiL^^ for (— **!») 
Relishing, liking, taking well, finding agreeable, 
approving. Finding or esteeming as pure and 
i lawful. Asking for fresh water. Seeking purity. 
Cleaning, shaving, or washing the body (after the 
manner of the Muhammadans). 

Aj\ h" »«>l istitar, (v. n. 8 oi\xut) Delineating, 
making lines, drawing, describing, writing. 
IH^ A 'ijl Vc' to^ istitarat, (v. n. 10 of jUa for jda) 
Difiiising itself abroad (the dawn). Being swift, 
fleet (horse). Drawing rapidly (a sword). Being 
in heat (a bitch). Giving flight (to a bird). Being 
dispersed. Being brisk and active (a market). Be- 
ing riven (a wall). Terrifying, scaring. 

A «P^lia:i»»^ istitaMt, (v. n. 10 of alia for fy^) 
Being able, capable. Submitting, yielding, obeying, 
complying with. Power, ability. 

A &J\Vi".j>^ istUafat, (v. n.lO of i Jll» for i—Jjls) 

Going round, circumambulating. 

A iiSUxi-.^ ijititalat, (v. n. 10 of Jll» for JjIj) 
Being long, extended, raised, or elevated. Prevail- 
ing against, overcoming an enemy. Extolling one's 
self, yielding to nobody. Standing on tip-toe, 
stretching out the neck to see a distant object. 
Excelling, being eminent. 

A i_.>I. W am>\ istitbab,(y. n. 10 of iJL*1j) Asking 
medical advice, demanding medicine. 

A L^\J^a:x^\ istitrab, (v. n. 10 of U.*;!*) Wish- 
ing to skip or dance for joy. Singing so as to make 
(camels) dance for joy. Driving (camels). Being 
under a strong emotion. 

A ti\j h 'SMt\ istitrad, (v. n. 10 of Jjia) Wishing 

( 79 ) 

to drive together from all quarters. Aiming at one 
thing and getting another. Feigning a retreat be- 
fore the enemy. 

A 1 »\ jViV i. ) l istitraf, (v. n. 10 of i-Jyo) Con- 
sidering a thing asnew. Procuring any thing which 
has been newly discovered, and being delighted 
with it. Producing something new, original, sin- 
gular, or striking. 

A ^\jia:^\ istitrak, (v. n. lOof jjia) Begging 
the loan of a stallion. Asking another to divine 
by throwing pebble-stones or gravel. 

A j»ulaJU>>' istit^am, (v. n. 10 of v«i') Asking 
for food. Asking for instruction in reading. 

A ( 9lilaJk^\ istitfaf, (v. n. 10 of Jlfll?) Being 

possible, practicable, feasible. 

A c.^ Vi Aw>\ istitlui, (v. n. 10 of ^1j) Seeking 
information, inquiring. Arriving. Going away 
with, carrying off". 

A JtiUa::^) istitlah, (v. n. 10 of jJla) Taking 
(a camel) for one's own special use. Beingloose and 
purging (the belly). Diarrhoea, looseness, flux. 

A JillaLu^ istitlal, (v. n. 10 of (J-i») Hanging 
over, impending. 

a (jJjaju*»\ istatlus, Jews' pitch. 

A ^UlxkMtl istitmam, (v. n. 10 of u?) Wanting 
cutting (hair), or clipping (wool). 

A )».J^_.Vi\'.»\ istityab, (v. n. 10 of L-.>li» for 
t_i<i>V>) Finding (a thing) good or beautiful. 

A j\Vi'ti»\ istizsar, (v. n. 10 of jU&) Being in 
heat (a bitch). 

A i_ilfliaL«l istizfqf, (v. n. 10 of J^) Fol- 
lowing (the track of any one). 

A J^UaL*>\ istizlal, (v. n. 10 of (_)i») Sitting in 
or longing for the shade. Becoming interwoven 
(the branches of a vine which are loaded with clus- 
ters). Being sunk in the socket (the eye). Flow- 
ing from the body (blood). 

Aj\.i^aliji\ istizhar, (v. n. 10 of,^) Commit- 
ting to memory. Reciting, repeating by heart. Im- 
ploring assistance or protection. Being strong in 
the back. Training, preparing (a camel) for use 
on every occasion. 

A Sii\«JU«\ isti^dat, (v. n. 10 of .ilfr for OjS-) 
Begging one to repeat, or do any tiling over again, 
or to come back. Wishing to make a habit. Being 
accustomed to, having the habit of. 

A JiiUl-*\ istiiozat, (v. n. 10 of ii\s- for 3^) 
Fleeing from evil to good, from the devil to God, 
and saying, f^irrj^ u^^'^^ t/* "^^^ '^J*^ na^zu 
bi'llah mini sh'shaytani'r rajim, We flee to God 
from the execrable devil. 

AjUJuu^ istifar, (v. n. 8 of jvo) Beginning to 
appear in the groins and the arm-pits of a camel 
(scab). Being lighted, blazing (a fire). Bestir- 
ing themselves, being active (thieves). Spreading, 
being diffused (war or mischief). 

A S,UL«\ ist'iMrat, (v.n. lOofjlp forj^) Bor- 

rowing. Passing (any thing) from hand to hand. 
Using a word metaphorically. A metaphor, a trope. 

A 2Ltf Uxm*! istiiazat, (v. n. 10 of (^Iff' for ^jijP) 
Asking for, requiring, or needing a substitute or 

A 1»UJU>>\ istiMt, (v. n. 8 of lajuw) Taking me- 
dicine orsnuff'up the nostrils, administering to one's 
self a sternutatory. 

A wl«JLu\ isti^nat, (v. n. 10 of ^Js■ for ijjyP) 
Asking assistance, imploring help, seeking aid. Re- 
moving the hair from the pubes (w\.& ^nat) either 
by shaving, by plucking, or by a paste made of ar- 
senic and quick-lime. Instrumentality. 

A iol*L*»\ istiiayat, (v. n. 10 of igip-) Being 
unequal to, and unable to accomplish. 

A JU«ju»»' istiibdd, (v.n. 10 of liJiS-) Reducing 
to slavery. Treating as a servant or slave. 

A jlAxJiu»»\ istifbar, (v. n. 10 ofjS-) Being sad, 
grieving. Asking the interpretation of a dream. 
Flowing (tears). Weeping. 

A L-->II*L*)\ istiftab, (v. n. 10 of i_«jk&) Request- 
ing a favour. Desiring one to take a thing well, or 
to rest contented. Conferring a favour. Wishing, 
desiring. Refraining from evil. 

A *II*L«»1 utiftdm, (v. n. 10 of Jifi') Delaying 
to milk (cattle), that the milk may accumulate in 
the udder. Being milked in the evening (camels). 

A i_jli^«-^^ isti^ab,(y. n. 10 of (_I^) Being 
struck with astonishment. Astonishment, wonder. 

A ,^\s^^^hsti^dl,(Y.n. 10 of J^) Hastening, 
accelerating, ordering one to make haste, stimula- 
ting, despatching any business soon. Outstripping, 
getting before. Striving to outstrip. Wishing or 
endeavouring to make haste. 

A j,\si^**^ isti^dm, (v. n. 10 of ^s?") Keeping 
silence, not responding, being unable to speak dis- 
tinctly. Being barbarous, foreign, obscure, and 
unintelligible (a dialect or jargon). Being unable 
to read from somnolency. 

A ^^Jj«::«»\ isti^ds, (v. n. 10 of Sss- for jj«ff) 
Making (a hoi-se) run. Asking assistance. Im- 
ploring help against an enemy. 

A ii\j«:^l isti^dd, (v. n. 10 of ti*) Preparing, 
making preparation, getting ready for. Skill, apt- 
ness, aptitude, merit. 

A C^u'i^*****' istitddddt, Preparations. 

A /'\;ijCU«\ istiizds, (v. n. 10 oi ^j'^S-) Liking (a 
place), finding (it) agreeable. 

A c— .>\ jjC«*»\ istitzdb, (v. n. 10 of i_Jii.&) Pro- 
hibiting. Giving to drink fresh and wholesome 
water. Discoveringanddrawingsuch (water). Con- 
sidering and regarding as pure. Abandoning. 

A Ajx'Jm>\ isti^'ds, (v. n. 10 of ij^) Eating 
(dates) whilst on the tree. 

A L->\^-»\ isti^db, (v. n. lOof t-^) Speak-, 
ing coarsely or obscenely. Wanting the bull (a cow). 

Aj^jfUMi,] isti^dr, (v. n. 10 of J&) Spreading 


amongst camels (the scab called .C- ^rr). 

aj\j)Cm>\ isti^-fiz, (v. n. 10 ofjj^) Being diffi- 
cult, hard, and painful (business). Being strong 
and hard. Being contracted, drawn in, wrinkled. 

A (^\j3Cm>\ istifraz, (v. n. 10 of{^S-) Asking 
for a full disclosure of any alFair. Giving promis- 
cuously. Asking (anybody) indifferently. Killing 
indiscriminately. Becoming fat (a camel). Grazing 
in grassy land. Being suspected. 

A i_jyC«*il isthraf, (v. n. 10 of (__»(*■) Shew- 
ing one's self with a desire of being recognised. 

A ^\j»M>\ istiirak, (v. n. 10 of j t*) Exposing 
one's self to the heat in order to get a sweat. Send- 
ing forth roots into the ground (a tree). 

aJUjOUui isthzaz, (v. n. 10 of JP) Being close 
and compact (sand). Overpowering one (disease). 
Terminating any one's existence by disease (God). 

A i_^L.«I*»\ istifsab, (v. n. 10 of (■-u-P) Want- 
ing the stallion (a mare). Disliking, disapproving. 

A j\< «i>: . ' i» > i isti^ar, (v. n. 10 of -«.*) Being dif- 
ficult, intricate, and embarrassing. Asking, seek- 
ing for difficulties. Sitting down without employ. 

A JI....«::m.i\ isti^al, (v. n. 10 (J— «*■) Asking for 
honey. Seeking honey. 

A ^J•^ » 'JMt\ ist'iMan, (v. n. 10 of j^;-^) Eating 
little (a camel). 

A ^UjC*«1 isti^hat, (v. n. 10 of U.* for j^L*) 
Finding (one) bewildered. Being guided and at- 
tracted at night by the light of a blazing fire. 

A AjotIIm] isti^as, (v. n. 10 of ^loff') Charging 
with rebellion. Accusing falsely. ' 

A j,l«(a»X«»l istifsam, (v. n. 10 of j,r>aS-) Keep- 
ingback, withholding. Keeping one's seat on horse- 
back by clinging to something fixed to the saddle 
for that purpose. 

A jLa«X«»l isti^ad, (v. n. 10 of li-a*) Cutting 
(a tree). Gathering (fruit). 

A »La»X«j^ isti^ah, (v. n. 10 a«Aft) Seeking to 
wizards, having recourse to magic or necromancy. 

A ^Iko-il isti^a, (v. n. 10 of UaS- for jkS') 
Begging, asking a present. 

AjjajC:Mi\ isti^ar, (v. n. 10 oiJaS-) Perfum- 
ing. Wishing, or desiring to perfume, requiring, 
calling for perfume. 

A I — jUaj<:;«il isti^af, (v. n. 10 of L-iVt^) Beg- 
ging one to become favourably inclined. 

A ^Uax::**»l isti^am, (v. n. lOof JaP) Becom- 
ing proud. Conceiving highly of, admiring. Tak- 
ing the larger part. 

A AitC^S isti^f, (v. n. 10 of Us- for_ja&) Seek- 
ing to be disengaged, or begging to be releasedfrom 
an obligation. Cropping herbage close to the ground. 

A (_jla*:u«\ isti^af, (v.n. 10 of Jlafr) Abstain- 
ing from what is forbidden, restraining one's self. 
Desiring or requiring to abstain. Clearing away 
dry grass from the surface of the ground (camels). 

AL_jla»«:i*>U'«<?^^a&,(v.n.lOof c-»HS')Inveigh- 

( 80 ) 

ing against any one, enquiring into their charac- 
tersorvices. Receivingan equivalent or substitute. 

A JliUi**^ istiffiad, (v. n. 10 of 6Jis-) Being a 
brimming, wanting the boar (a sow). 

Aj\Ji)Cu»\ isti^tar, (v. n. 10 of^Jis-) Howling 
aloud and melodiously with joy (a wolf). 

A j\^jC^\ isti^iad, (v. n. 10 of liXS-) Lying 
close to any thing (a bird) from fear of birds of prey. 
Becoming fat (a camel or lizard). 

A fi'^^jtM**] isti^as, (v. n.lO of ^iS' for yiS-) Being 
high. Being advanced (the day). Raising, ele- 
vating. Superiority, exaltation. 

A u->i)>»u«*»^ isii^ab, (v. n. 10 of t— *is) Begin- 
ning to stink (meat). Loathing, nauseating, disco- 
vering (a pasture) to be unwholesome. 

A p^JjCiMjl istifluj, (v.n. 10 of J*) Becoming 
hard (the skin). 

A uJ^U;-»^ isti^af, (v. n. 10 of L-flls-) Want- 
ing provender, expressing a wish for corn (as a 
horse does by neighing). 

A *^Uu**>^ istiflam, (v. n. 10 of Jp) Asking in- 
fonnation, advice, or news, being desirous of know- 
ing, eager to learn. 

AjI»»Um>\ istiimar, (v. n. 10 j^S-) Causing peo- 
ple to inhabit and colonize. 

A (j«lv<J^l istifmash,{y. u.\Q of i^J^) Think- 
ing one a fool. 

A JU»Ju«! istifmal, (v. n. 10 of J.^) Causing 
to work. Employing, requiring one to labour. 
Making use of advice or implements. Seeking 
employment. Appointing (any one) as governor. 
Use, usage, application. 

A ^lv«J^' isthmam, (v. n. 10 of "Iff-) Choosing 
for one's paternal uncle. Putting on a turban. 

A iili*L*»l istiinad, (v. n. 10 of JoS) Overcom- 
ing any one (sickness or vomiting). Making free 
use of the yard, fornicating. Bending outwards the 
rim of a leathern bottle so as to be able to drink. 
Seeking, tending towards, making for. Being un- 
manageable (a horse). Beating with a stick. 

A jUwJuu' isthnaz, (v. n. 10 of JfS-) Retiring, 
receding, departing. 

A Ay3!uA istiiwas, (v. n. 10 of l?}^) Calling 
(to a riot). Desiring to twist a rope. 

Ajij«ju«i isthwar, (v. n.lO of ,^)Beingalone. 

A liljjtjurtl istifhad, (v. n. 10 of d^) Making 
an agreement with a salesman, to send back his 
goods if damaged. Making a covenant, treaty, 
deed, or contract in writing. Giving a guarantee, 
fine, or compensation. 

A >Ia30u*>i isti^yaf, (v. n, 10 of (^J^) Being 
embarrassed, unequal to. 

A joUl-jl istiffhdsat, (v. n.lO of i^l* for OjS') 
Calling for help, imploring assistance. 

A XjUjuul istiyharat, (v. n. 10 of \s- for j^) 
Making a hostile incursion into an enemy's coun- 
try. Begging zeal (of God). Swelling (a wound). 


Descending into any low country, or that part of 
Arabia called. ^P ghawr. Becoming fat. Prepar- 
ing for, undertaking. 

A lL>U«Juu\ htujhsas, (v. n. 10 of t_«»P) Ex- 
tracting the matter from a wound, dressing it. 

A jli^jouul istighdar, (v. n. 10 ofji^P) Becom- 
ing fidl of ponds, pools, and stagnant ditches. 

A >liij«L<jl utighzai, (v. n. 10 of ij'^) Throw- 
ing prostrate, dashing on the ground. 

A (_j|j«Ju*»\ istighrab, (v. n. 10 of t—^) Won- 
dering. Regarding as strange. Laughing uitil the 
tears flow, being in a roar of laughter. 

A liUiLol istighrdd, (v. n. 10 of li^) Inducing, 
requesting to sing. Causing (the flies) to buzz and 
hum (a meadow). 

Aj1Ju<*»^ istighrdr, (v. n. 10 of jS-) Being de- 
ceived. Being foolish, inconsiderate, thoughtless. 
Coming upon one suddenly. 

A ^SjiiLn] ktighrdk, (v. n. 10 of JtS-) Filling 
a girth so that the ends will not meet (a camel's 
belly). Laughing till the tears run. Taking the 
whole. Absoluteness, the absence of all restriction. 

A\fCM»\ istighzdr, (v. n. 10 of .Jfr) Giving 
somewhat to receive more in return. 

A AL !C j. » \ istighshas, (v. n. 10 of ^J^) Wrap- 
ping one's self up in a garment, so as neither to see 
or hear, or to be heard or seen. 

A (_jiLli::»»l istighshdsh, (v. n. 10 of (Jl*-) 
Considering as false and insincere. Deceiving, be- 
traying. Seeking to deceive or betray. 

A jla»ja*>l istighfdr, (v. n. 10 of Jts-) Asking 
forgiveness, begging pardon. 

A >iJotiu«^ istighldf, (v. n. 10 of ili- for J*) 
Considering as dear. 

A iaiJoti-*! istiglddz, (v. n. 10 of)ais-) Finding 
(cloth) coarse, and for that reason declining to 
purchase it. Discovering (food) to be unwholesome. 
Being thick and coai-se. Swelling with grains (an 
ear of corn). 

A J^ULrtl istighldk, (v. n. 10 of ^) Not al- 
lowing the option of returning a purchase. Beinf 
of that description (a bargain). Foreclosing. Being 
obscure and unintelligible, and as it were locked 
up or sealed (a speech or book). 

A J^UJuu\ istighlal, (v.n.lOof Jc-) Ordering 
(one's servants) to carry home grain («L& ghalla). 
Receivinggrain from those who bring it. Gathering I 
in grain or vegetables. Receiving wages. 

A -*lixL*»\ istighnds, (v. n. 10 of ^S-) Acqui- 
escing. Being contented, in want "of nothing, \ 
wealthy, independent, and able to do without. 

Aj\yiLJ\ istighwdr, (v. n. 10 of .Iff for .jfr) 
Asking (God) for rain. 

A JUiJLa^ istighydl, (v. n. 10 of Jjkfr) Being 
thick and entangled (trees). Giving suck whilst' 
pregnant or cohabiting with a man (a woman). 

A Ak^S istifdf, (v. n. 8 of ^J^) Using art 


( 81 ) 


and cunning. Turning about. 

A i^\suu>\ istifuMt, (v. n. 10 of >\9 for li) Re- 
ceivingplunder,booty,orearnest-money. Returning. 

A »»-lfllA*»l istifajat, (v. n. 10 of _\J for _y ) 
Treating lightly, holding in little estimation. 

A i'jlojuul isti/adat, (v. n. 10 of o\s for JjlJ) 
Acquiring. Receiving profit. Seeking profit or 
advantage. Imparting benefit. 

p «jl<alajb»»l istifazana, Profusely, abundantly. 

A Xyfilajuwl istifazat, (v. n. 10 oi^joi for f_)aii) 
Being divulged, spread abroad (news). Request- 
ing that water may be poured out. Desiring abun- 
dance or profusion. Abounding in trees (a valley). 

A IslaL**! utifdt, (v. n. 8 of lag,<«>) Drinking 
up all the contents of a jug. Using one's utmost 

A clfijurtl istifd^ (v. n. 8 of JAw) Being ex- 
cited, agitated, moved, stimulated. Changing from 
fear (colour) Becoming turbid (the sky). 

A I JlaLol istifaf, (v. n. 8 of i_P««>) Taking a 

medicinal powder. Scattering, throwing. 

A fti'laLol istifahat, (v. n. 10 of ^jls for 3y) 
Recovering from indisposition, ebriety, passion, or 
madness. Milking after a proper interval. Ab- 
staining (from drink). 
I A «*lfljk«*l istifahat, (or »liJLul istifdK) (v. n. 

lOof »\s for l^) Eating plentifully after fasting. 

I Quenching the thirst. 
I A >\:;flL-l istiftcu, (v.n. lOof l:i ior yi) Con- 
Hting a lawyer or mufti, asking for his fatwa. 
" A _1:±:m.\ istiftah, (v. n. lO of Xi) Asking 
assistance. Beginning, commencing. 

A j b'i JL o l istiftar, (v. n. 10 of jli) Drawing, 
dragging, pulling the rider (a horse). 

A Jl:ilA*.! istiftm, (v. n. 10 of J:;J) Quitting 
the ranks before coming into action. 
IK A JU^^^ istipim, (v. n. 10 of ^yJ) Being 
weighty and momentous (an affair). Keeping for 
a stallion. Allowing a fine-made Arab free access 
to their women (as the natives of Kabul are said 
to do). Becoming [j^ fuhhal (a palm-tree). 

A ili^^ istifhhaz, (v. n. 10 of j^) Hum- 
bling one's self, submitting. 

4jUA^^ istifkMr, (v. n. 10 ofys?) Purchas- 
er seeking for something excellent. 
\ —\ a s C j m \ istifdah, (v. n. 10 of »- JJ) Finding 
(a thing) difficult. 

A til JAJiu*)! istifzaz, (v. n. 10 of ji) Being alone, 
singular. Choosing any thing. Claiming as one's 
own exclusive riglit. 

A ^\JCm>\ istifrdhh, (v. n. 10 of ^ J) Keep- 
ing (pigeons) for the sake of their young. Looking 
out for a place where to rear their young (pigeons). 
A C>\iMu\ istifrdd, (v. n. 10 of lij) Being fond 
of solitude. Accomplishing (a work) alone. Choos- 
ing one out of a number, and using that only. 
Leaving alone. 

A k.\sCm>\ istifraf, (v. n. 10 of cj) Beginning 
any thing, commencing a discourse. Sacrificing 
the firstlings of camels or sheep (u custom of the 
pagan Arabs). 

A c,\jSCMi\ istifrdgh, (v.n. 10 of i^) Vomiting, 
evacuating, rejecting, clearing out the stomach. 
Straining every nerve, exerting every endeavour. 

A iJL^\JiijM\ istifrah, (v. n. 10 of i^iJ;i) Becom- 
ing plump and hard in the ear (grain). 

A j!\Ji1m\ istifram, (v. n. 10 of j^y) Washing 
(herself) with an astringent lotion (a woman). 

A »UflJiu«)l istifrah, (v. n. 10 of S^) Acquiring 
a generous horse. 

A jUfljurtl istifzaz, (v. n. 10 of Jj) Making light 
of, despising. Exhilarating. Leading forth, turn- 
ing out of doors. Rendering one light and active 
(fear). Removing, tearing from a place. 

A i>\ ...i'.'.kiA istifsdd, (v. n. 10 of ii-»s) Seeking 
to do mischief. 

A jL-flJu«»l istifsdr, (v. n. 10 of j-«i) Asking 
an explanation, informing one's self, enquiring, 
p |^i>^ jl,M..gjL.«)l istifsar kardan, To interrogate. 

A ;_^Uafl:-*»l istifsas, (v. n. 10 of ^J^) Draw- 
ing forth. 

A JUafljuwl istifzdl, (v. n. 10 of J-^) Leaving 
a residue. Taking more than one's due. Bring- 
ing an increase. Seeking a benefit. 

A cUaaL*»l istifzdf, (v. n. 10 of J^) Finding 
or discovering to be shameful. 

A ^5m*ol istiflas, (v. n. 10 of ^^) Requiring 
to be cleared of lice (the head). Asking any one 
to perform that office. 

A _!i)^i«»l istifdh, (v. n. 10 of Ji) Escaping, 
obtaining a victory, or deliverance. ,_^ ^ ''" 
ullj«b istaflahi bi amrihi. An expression employed 
when a divorce is pronounced. 

A JliliL-l istifdl, (v. n. 10 of Ji) Taking a 
small part, decimating. 

A ^^\ istifndn, (v. n. 10 of 1^) Raising 
(any one) above difierent sorts and classes. 

A |«^iL«»l istifham, (v. n. 10 of w) Desiring 
to know or to be taught, informing one's self by 
asking questions : interrogation. ^\.jfll*»>l '""^J*' 
harfi istifham, A particle of interrogation. 

A "j^ljiJkMjl istifhdmiy, Interrogative. 

A a!x*l{ix»«l istiflidmiyat, Interrogation. 

A jUaI->l istifym, (v. n. 10 of J^ for JJ) 
Resembling an elephant (a camel). 

A >la::«j\ istikdf, (v. n. 8 of (Ji-») Drawing 
water. Asking for water. Growing fat. 

A »>\ii-»l istikasat, (v. n. 10 of LJ') Vomiting. 
Retching violently. 

A io\A:U».\ istihdtat, (v. n. 10 of Cj\i for CJy) 
Asking for victuals. 

A JiilaJuul istikddat, (v. n. 10 of il^ for Jy) 
Submitting, yielding, giving up the reins. 

A cliii*»1 istihd^ (v. n. 8 of jS*^) Being 

changed (colour). 

A I — sUiiLwJl istihaf, (v. n. 8 of (_«**») Mounting. 

A «)lfl::«il istihdlat, (v. n. 10 of J\3 for JJJ) 
Desiring one to rescind an agreement, cancel a 
contract, or give up a bargain. 

A S/eUlIiujl istihdmat, (v. n. 10 of aS for *«)>) 
Standing erect, remaining, rising up, acting up- 
rightly. Valuing goods. Being correct. Being 
middling and moderate. Being equable. Recti- 
tude, integrity, fidelity, truth, purity of intention. 

A -.Uajuwl istikbah, (v. n. 10 of ^') Regarding 
as ugly and odious. Detesting, hating, abhorring. 

A J Ufl Ju»l istikbdl, (v. n. 10 of Jj) Going forth 
to meet, encountering, looking towards. Futurity. 

A (^JLJLu**^ istihhdUy, Belonging to futurity. 

A (Jliiijuol istiktal, (v. n. 10 of J:i') Desiring 
to kill. Being regardless of danger, seeking, as it 
were, to be killed. 

A j)jii:u*)^ istikddd, (v. n. 10 of Si') Continuing, 
persevering. Being level and smooth. Remain- 
ing in one state. 

A j^iiJi:ibu\ istikdar, (v. n. 10 of.tW) Praying 
(that God) may over-rule or ordain (for good). 
Asking for strength and ability. 

A JiJJu.«^ istikddm, (v. n. 10 of ^dJ) Preced- 
ing. Wishing to get before. Surpassing in bold- 
ness or strength of mind. 

Aj\ m 'J mA istikzdr, (v. n. 10 ofjiii) Abomina- 
ting as filthy. 

A AjCmA istikrds, (v. n. 10 of Li) Making the 
female lie down to ascertain if she be in foal (a stal- 
lion camel), (v. n. lOof \^' for jj) Intending, pur- 
posing. Making diligent search. Containing mat- 
ter (a boil), (v. n. 10 of (^ji) Following. Pass- 
ing from place to place, travelling over any country. 
Making diligent search. Wishing to be a guest. 

A jUaU*«\ istikrdr, (v. n. 10 ofji) Stopping, rest- 
ing, dwelling, settling, fixing a residence. Remain- 
ing fixed in a female's womb (seed of a male). 

A {^\smm\ istih-dz, (v. n. 10 of (__;a^) Borrow- 
ing, asking to lend. 

A &\JHu>\ istikrdf, (v. n. 10 of Cji) Asking the 
loan of a bull or he-camel. Wanting the bull (a 
cow), or the stallion (a she-camel). Being hard (a 
hoof). Losing its shagginess (the rough tripe). 

A (j\jEl<j>\ istikrdn, (v. n. 10 of ^^^) Swelling 
in the veins (blood). Being able to bear a load. 
Becoming able and strong. 

A J ii '■'»»\ istihsdm, (v, n. 10 of *-j') De- 
manding one's portion, claiming one's share of spoil 
or property of any kind (which share is determined 
by throwing a kind of arrow, a practice common 
among the Arabians). Requiring one to swear. 

A AteLkXk»\ istiksds, (v. n. 10 of Lai' for j^') Cu- 
riously prying, or using every eflTort to get to the 
knowledge of any thing. Earnest endeavour, per- 
severance. Strict inquiry. 

A jlaH::*-^ istihad, (y. n. 10 of J-aS) Seeking 
a middle course. 

A Vrn'"'"-^ istiksar, (v. n. 10 ofj-iaS) Desiring 
to abbreviate, or to be abbreviated. Considering 
(a thing) as abridged or short. 

A ;_>9Laiix->\ htihsas,(y .u. lOof (jlaS) Desiring 
one to retaliate. 

A -fUaa:i«»\ istihzat, (v. n. 10 oi ^jaS) Demand- 
ing payment judicially ; -wishing to have a debt 
fixed and determined by the sentence of a judge, 
(in the passive form) Being constituted judge. 

A ^Jol«iaIi-»^ istihzaz, (v. n. 10 of ij)^'i) Find- 
ing (a bed) imeasy. Being incommodious and un- 
easy. Being gi-avelly (a place). 

A (,UaflL*>\ istikzdm, (v. n. 10 of j»wii') Victual- 
ling one's household sparingly in a time of dearth. 

A .\kai-j\ istiktar, (v. n. 10 ofjlai') Wishing it 
to distil, or rain. Trying to catch droppings. 

A Aasi:iM>\ istthfcLi, (v.n.lOof Ifli'for^) Strik- 
ing (with a stick). 

A (__Jlfla:^^ istihfaf, (v. n. 10 of JlflS) Being 
dry and wrinkled with age. 

A JliS::*-^ istihfdl, (v. n. 10 of JiS) Being 
stingj', avaricious, and close-fisted. 

A J^kiL«»\ isiihlid, (v. n. 10 of Jj') Lifting up 
(a water-pot). Taking up one's baggage. Soaring 
upwards (a bird). Seizing any one (a tremor). 
Being angry. Moving from place to place, depart- 
ing. Esteeming little, considering as small. Being 
possessed of sovereign authority and absolute do- 
minion. Growing (a plant). 

p i!J'^'^^3M>\htihlaldna, Absolutely. 

A ^"^HuiS istilddU, Invested with authority. 

A e.\ ^a ' M t\ isfikiid^ (v. n. 10 of x^) Becoming 
high (the udder of a ewe). 

A (__JUJU«*>^ istiknaf, (v. n. 10 of i_Ai*) Being 
firm in counsel, able in business. 

A (j L:fl' x««»\ htikndn, (v. n. 10 of ^i) Abiding 
with one's flocks, and drinking the milk. Regard- 
ing as little. 

A ;_)»>\jic:*o\ istikrvas, (v. n. 10 of (_>>*}J') Bend- 
ing through age. Being bent as a bow (eyebrow). 

A s)_jii:^\ M<//i?i;a/t, (v.n. lOof !Sji') Askingone 
to drive wild beasts into a net. 

p V^Jc»»\ ■ustuldld, Name of an ancient hero. 

A X,Ojy«j\ istiltarat, (v. n. 10 of .0 for jji) 
Making haste. Carrying a bundle of clothes. 

A '^9m>\ istilidli, (v. n. 8 of (.£L*») Becoming 
stopt up, and deaf (the ear). Growing wild, en- 
tangled, and luxuriant (a plant). Humbling one's 
self, supplicating, deprecating. 

A (jttXM»\ istiltdn, (v. n. 8 of (J>m») Humbling 
one's self. Becoming low and contemptible. 

A io\xa*»\ istihanat, (v. n. 10 of ^jO for i^ji) 
Humbling one's self, submitting. 

A jLxU«\ istihhdr, (v.n. 10 of_;j5) Being proud, 

( 82 ) 

haughty, an-ogant, and presumptuous. Playing 
the great man. Viewing, regarding as gi-eat. 

A (_->\:XU»»\ istiktdb, (v. n. lOof l_X3) Asking 
or ordering one to write. Dictating (a letter). Get- 
ting transcribed. Appointing an amanuensis. 

A J^XmiI istiktam, (v. n. 10 of ^) Desiring 
(one) to keep a secret. 

AjMxImS istiksar, (v. n. 10 ofjjo ) Wishing or 
asking for much. Flowering (a palm-tree). Using 
a large quantity. Asking much (water) to drink. 

A I slixiw<*\ istiksdf, (v. n. 10 of u-aAi) Being 

thick and dense. 

A J^J>x;«»l istihdad, (v. n. 10 of lii) Plaguing, 
tormenting, wishing (any one) to take ti'ouble. 

A A^:X>m\ istikrdf, (v. n. 10 of ^ forjji ) Hiring, 
renting. Taking on hire. 

A ^J^\^^\istihi-dsh, (v. n. 10 of (j^) Becom- 
ing fit for ruminating (the stomach of any beast that 
chews the cud), as when a kid begins to graze. Be- 
coming big from over-eating (the belly of a boy). 

A »\S^\ istikrdm, (v.n. lOof j^) Wishing for, 
discovering or doing any thing noble and generous. 
Procuring generous horses. Acquiring gi-eatness. 

A i\j^CMi\ istihrdh, (v.n. 10 of »,$) Abhorring, 
abominating,disdaining,despising,contemning. Re- 
garding as disgusting. Forcing to act reluctantly. 

A I ;U'..V.\«») istikshqf, (v. n. 10 of t_j..^.\) Re- 

questingany thingtobe mademanifest, or laid open. 

A Aixi*u\ istiJifds, (v. n. 10 of laS ) Begging the 
loan of a camel for the benefit of the hair, milk, and 
colt, for a year. (v.n. 10 of ^^i) Asking to do what 
is sufficient. Considering as sufficient or competent. 

A L-Jlflii-^ istikfdf, (v. n. 10 of i_!a^) Stretch- 
ing forth the hand (to give or to receive alms). 
Screening the eye (with the hand) from the glare 
of the sun and looking at any object attentively. 
Flocking, gathering round any thing. Being mat- 
ted (hair). Coiling up (as a serpent). 

A ^iJiw»>\ istiMds, (v.n. 10 of US) Abounding 
in forage (ground). Asking for a delay. 

A L-.»^)iCi*»V(«<«7/Za6, (v.n. 10of(_^) Imitating 
the barking of a dog to induce them to respond (one 
who has lost his way). Being greedy of human 
flesh (a dog). 

A JU*^>^ istikmal, (v. n. 10 oi ^y^) Complet- 
ing, perfecting. Wishing (any thing) finished, per- 
fected, completed. 

A (jUxUiu\ istikndn, (v. n. 10 of ^) Conceal- 
ing one's self. 

A >\^xL*>\ istiliwdf, (v. n. 10 of ijy) Requiring 
the cautery. 

p (Jju*>i istal, A fish-pond, a lake, a pool. 

A ^>Ju»\ istildt, (v. n. 8 of U*o) Boiling, liqui- 
fying, melting, purifying (butter, &c.) by melting, 
(v. n. 8 of i)-«*> for _ji*»>) Becoming fat (a sheep), 
(v. n. 8 of (_^) Casting out the after-birth (a ewe). 

A L-..>it>*»\ istildb, (v. n. 8 of i_j1»*>) Seizing, 


plundering. Producing an abortion. 

A C^':k^\ istildt, (v. n. 8 ofcJ^) Wiping or 
scraping (a dish with the finger). 

A _ ^k^\ istildj, (v. n. 8 of i»«) Drinking much. 
A ft9-i)c;**i\ istildhat, (v. n. 10 of _.^ for ^^) 
Considering attentively, contemplating, knowing. 
Being thirsty. 

A 6lji)o:«>) istildtat, (v. n. 10 of L^) for isjJ) 
Bringing on one's self, deserving. Adopting into 
one's family. 

A Ji)c-*»\ istildl, (v. n. 8 of Jj>*>) Drawing (a 
sword, &c.). 

A i^kiu*^ istihdm, (v. n. 10 of ^O) Marryingi 
amongst low and ignorant people. Having a bad 
sire. Putting on a coat of mail. Kissing the black 
stone at Mecca, or rubbing it with the hand. 

A (»^)^i*i») istildm, (v. n. 8 of *i*») Submitting to 
another's opinion, suiTCndering. Rubbing the fore* 
head against the black stone at Mecca. Coming 
out of the ear (corn). 

A ilo^k:***^ istildmat, (v. n. 10 of |.^ for «j5) 
Behaving so as to merit or draw censure on one's self. 

A 'i!>':kiMi\ istildnat, (y.n. 10 o{ ^^'y for(jj5)Con- 
sidering or finding smooth, soft, placid, or gentle. 

A ^lJc^\ istilbdf, (v. n. 10 of IJ) Sucking the 
beestings from the ewe (a lamb). 

A Li->Uci«*\ istilbds, (v. n. 10 of (.loJ) Regard- 
ing as dilatory. 

A jjLi:C*»»^ istilbdn, (v.n. 10 of (jO) Asking milk. 

A -.LsF*"' istiljdj, (v. n. 10 of p) Claiming for 
one's self. Persevering stoutly in an oath ; swear- 
ing roundly without any allowance for the credi- 
bility and veracity of the opposite party. 

A s\^^^' istilhdh, (v. n. 10 of ^^^) Adopting. 
Calling, or inviting to join or unite imto. Sowing 
the gi'ound called /^ lahah. 

A |»l^**"' istilhdm, (v. n. 10 of ^) Following 
a wide road. Pursuing, surrounding, or hemming 
in (a foe). Killing. Being wide (a road). 

A ii\iiJx«*»\ istihdz, (v. n. 10 of ik!) Considering 
as delicate, elegant, or agreeable. Tasting, relishing. 

A MJm>\ istihdm, (v. n. 10 of ^jt) Requiring, 
rendering necessary. 

A j>L^k«»\ istihdm, (v. n. 10 of j»-J) Searching. 

A >_J\iaJa«»\ istiltdf, (v. n. 10 of i_iU) Join- 
ing, imiting, causing to stick to one's arm or side. 

A JhV<'.wl istiltdm, (v. n. 10 of ^laJ) Wanting 
a slapping, buSeting, or cuffing. 

A i_^Ul::*«\ istildb, (v. n.lO of I—**!) Produ- . 
cing unripe dates after having been cut (a palm- 1 
tree). Wishing, asking, or requiring to play. 

A ^lik*ol istilghdi, (v. n. 10 of U3 for^) List- 
ening to the language of any one, without putting ^ 
any questions. 

A LL>\iJ::*u^ istilfds, (v. n. 10 of (.LiJ) Prying 
curiously, using every efibrt to elicit or extract in- 
formation. Concealing, suppressing (news) Ac- 


complishing one's object. Leading to pasturage. 

A >\iL-*\ istilkuj^, (v. n. 10 of j_^) Lying on 
one's back. 

A _Uik:**»l istilhah, (v. n. 10 of Jil) Reaching 
the time «lien she ought to be covered (a camel), 
or when it should receive the fructifying pollen 
of the male (a female palm-tree). 

A *V^ii-»\ istilham, (v. n. 10 of ^) Wishing to 
be inspired. Beseeching (God) to reveal. 

p M^\ istam, (for j^im) Oppression, injustice. 

A f\S*^\ istimas, (v. n. 8 of l»*<j for yt**>) Going 
a hunting. Putting on sandals to hunt the moun- 
tain-goat. Designing, proposing, intending a visit. 
Projniosticatinsr good. 
II A «3lcu«»\ istimatat, ( v. n. 10 of Ol« for O •*) 

^ Seeking on every side. Waxing fat after being lean. 

A «»-leL«j\ istimahat, (v. n. 10 of -.U for ^) 
Asking a gift. Intreating (one) to intercede. 

A Jjl*»*»l istimazat, (v. n. 10 of jl« for U*) Be- 
ing separate, distinct. Being removed. Retirino-. 

A cljUol istimd^ (v. n. 8 of Jv*») Listening, 
hearing, giving ear. 

A mI«U»»1 istimahat, (v. n. 10 of lU for Jjj*) 
Beingfoolish, playing the fool. Regarding as a fool. 

A Jl<C«»\ istimal, (v. n. 8 of J*-*) Blinding, 
knocking out an eye, gouging. 

A 6}ltu*»\ ktimalat,(v. n. 10 of Jlo for J.<)Being 
rich. (v. n. 10 of JUfor Jjwi) Caressing, concili- 
ating, giving good words, soothing, gaining the fa- 
. vourofanyone. Seekingto incline, strivingtobias. 
^Jleasuringwith the two expanded arms (a fathom). 
^P A cl:<u«l istimtat, (v. n. 10 of «|ic) Enjoying 
one's property, reaping the fruits, or receiving the 
usufruct. Celebrating the solemn festival called 
ij^ ^mrat at Mecca. 

A jIs^' htimjad, (v, n. 10 of :^) Taking 
much. Desiring or asking for much. Emitting 
much fire (the trees ^jc markh and .Iflff' 9afar). 

A ^>^W*'^ htimlMZ, (v. n. 10 of u^^) Ask- 
ing for pure milk. 

Ajls^ utimhhar, (v. n. 10 oi J^) Turning 
one's back to the wind. Facing the wind and 
snuffing it up (a horse). 

A jlii*«»\ istimdad, (v. n. 10 of X«) Asking 

Ppplies, subsidies, help. Taking a penful of ink. 
A AjS^A utim7-cu, (v. n. 10 of \jio) Digesting 
le's food, finding it very digestible. 
Aj\je^\ istimrar, (v. n. 10 of J/«) Proceeding, 
going on. Persevering, persisting in one course. 
Remaining, continuing. Being able to bear. Per- 
petuity, sjds- *5jj* OjiUu\ istamarrat raarira- 
tuhu ialayhi, His malice against him remained. 
^ (_Cj\jiw»^ ixtimrari, Perpetual, continuative. 
A i^\,..iM>\ utirmah , (v.n.lOof tiLw«) Hold- 
ing. Refraining. 

A ^li4>*»\ istimshat, (v. n. 10 of (<i-«) Purg- 
ing. Suffering from a diarrhoea. 

( 83 ) 

A JLfltjwil istimsal, (v. n. 10 of (J->a*) Taking 
a cathartic draught. Purging (a drastic medicine). 

AjUajw*) istimtar, (v. n. 10 of Ja*) Praying 
for rain. 

Ajl*j«*»\ istim^z, (v. n. 10 of J*c) Striving, 
using exertion. 

A C->0.<«<»\ istimhat, (v. n. 10 of doCo) Being 
filled witli matter (a pustule). 

A jo.(\*>»\ istimkal, (v. n. 10 of (Ji*) Marrying 
a wife. 

A (jlxcurtl istimltan, (v. n. 10 of z^;**) Having 
in one's power, getting possession or fast hold of. 

A -f iJwjuul istimlas, (v. n. 10 of ik*) Lending to 
monied men. (v. n. 10 of ^ for jU) Asking to 
indite. Asking for a delay. 

A _>«*o\ istimlah, (v. n.lO of X«) Esteeming 
good, agreeable, or beautiful. 

A J5J<«*»\ istimlal, (v. n. 10 of J-c) Being wea- 
ried, tired, feeling (a thing) to be irksome. 

A -f Ufwol istimnai, (v. n. 10 of jVo) Wishing to 
produce, or producing a seminal effusion; onaniz- 
ing. Putting (a camel) in the condition of ^jv" 

A _IU»*»^ istimnah, (v. n. 10 of ^) Asking 
for a gift. 

A >lj<wj\ istimhds, (v. n. 10 of j_5-t^) Breaking 
an enemy's rank irresistibly. 

A Jl.ftw*»l istimhal, (v. n. 10 of Jy«) Petition- 
ing for a delay, begging respite, asking for time. 

p (^jvwl axtin, The sleeve of a garment. 

A [^yuu\ astan, Old roots of trees. A tree, which 
at a distance resembles the human form. 

p (JLmS uatun, A column, a prop. 

A ^K^ImS istiniat or tf\s^\istrnasat, (v.n. 10 
of lu for ly) Setting in the west (a star) whilst 
another is rising in the east. Asking for a gift. 

A «i»-Uc-*»\ istinahat, (v.n. 10 of _lj for _y) 
Weeping, lamenting, mourning. Howling (a 
wolf). Moving to tears. 

A «>-Uluim^ istinakhat, (v. n. 10 of ^U for ». »i) 
Kneeling down to receive the male (a she-camel). 
Endeavouring or wishingto make the female kneel. 

A jlJCCfcul idinad, (v. n. 8 of iX**») Leaning 
against, supporting one's self by, or depending on. 

A JjUCa«\ istinarat, (v. n. 10 of .U for.y ) Shin- 
ing, glistening. Seeking light. Putting to flight, 
makingflee away in terror, overcoming, prevailing. 

A 'ije\xiui\utinasat,(v. n.lO of i^\j for i^y) 
Retreating, retiring. Moving himself when about 
to run (a horse). Putting in motion. Holding 
(any one) light and making use of (him) to suit 
one's own convenience. 

A «l»U::«j\ istinatat, (v. n. 10 of \>X> for Isji) 
Asking the loan (of a camel) to carry provisions. 

A sPUdwl istinahat, (v. n. 10 of cU for cjj ) 
Preceding. Being shaken (branches by the wind). 

A SaoU^^\ istinamat, (v. n. 10 of aU for ^y) 

Sleeping. Feigning to be asleep. Being quiet. 
Relying, trusting. Security, reliance. 

A j^Uju«\ istinan, (v. n. 8 of ^^m) Rubbing the 
teeth. Instituting or observing a certain mode of 
life. Galloping. Trembling, being unsteady (the 
vapour 1—']/^ sarab). Capering, being restive. 

A A.fkM>\ htimbas, (v. n. 10 of ui) Enquiring, 
informinn; one's self. Askinji news. 

A —IJbi***! istimhdh, (v. n. 10 of ^) Making 
(a dog) bark. Endeavouring to make (a dog) bark. 

A l?Ui:^\ istimbdt, (v. n. 10 of IxJ) Causing 
(a spring) to flow. Eliciting, extracting (generally 
confined to religious matters, or affairs of jurispru- 
dence, as to make an extract from the Kur'an). 
Causing something to appear which was previously 
concealed. Sojourning amongst, or becoming as 
one of, the Nabathean Arabs. 

A jLiuj*^ istimbdl, (v. n. 10 of |Jy) Asking 
for an arrow. Taking the best of a man's property. 

T Jyiiui^ istamhul, Constantinople. 

p »x>:Xui\ ;«<amia,Thick,coarse,hideous. Strong, 
powerful, brave. The night-mare. A demon. 

A mlUmI astanat, The root of an old tree. 

A >l:Ju*«l istinta-f, (y.n.lO of bj foryi) Being 
numerous (pimples of boils). 

aXLxuA istintdr, (v. n. 10 of .Xi) Squeezing 
out the last drop of urine. 

A JlJcLol istintal, (v. n. 10 of iJjO) Leading, 
preceding, going in front of the rank. Preparing. 

A ..liJLwl istinsdj, (v. n. 10 of Ai) Becoming 
loose (one side of a load). 

A .liU*jj\ istinsdr, (v. n. 10 of Jj) Drawmg up 
water through the nostrils and discharging it again. 

A A4^'^ istinjas, (v. n. lOof U for yi) Ob- 
taining, gaining. Being set at liberty. Making 
haste. Cutting boughs and sticks from a tree. 
Felling timber. Finding and eating fresh dates. 
Gathering fruit. Cleaning a gut and fitting it to a 
bow. Washing or cleaning one's self with a flint 
after easing nature. Drawing a bow. Ablution. 

A l1>\:^^ istinjds, (v. n. 10 of ^1*4-) Going 
in the track of. Extracting, drawing forth. Throw- 
ing one's self in the way of, opposing. 

A _UJ^^' istinjdh, (v. n.lO of ji) Despatch- 
ing any business easily and successfully. 

A jUs*^^' istinjdd, (v. n. 10 of ii.^) Asking 
assistance, or protection. Recovering from sick- 
ness. Taking courage after having been afraid. 

Ajl^?*"*' istinjaz, (v. n. 10 of yd) Doing any 

thing with success and despatch. Asking for the 

fulfilment of a promise. 

A cl:^*"' istinjdff (v. n. 10 of *^*) Growing 
fat, thriving on. 

A ( JUsf**"' istinjdf, (v. n. 10 of i— Aj^') Emp- 
tying, voiding (as the wind a cloud). 

A Jlsr^****' istinjdl, (v. n. 10 of J^') Being 
full of water (a valley). 


A (ju\^**^' istinhds, (v.n. 10 of (j<*^) Inquir- 
ing, ascertaining. 

A i_j\i*i^^ utink/mb, (v. n. 10 of (_->ii) Ask- 
ing to be lain with. Choosing, picking out. 

A \j^^ Utinkhaj, (v. n. 10 of >) Becom- 
ing soft. 

A (_^\jJuM>^ istindas, (v. n. 10 of (^iJj) Draw- 
ing out one's due. 

A S^iiJdUtt) istindah, (v. n. 10 of »tW) Prosper- 
ing, being well managed (business). 

p ^i\Jjum\ istandan, To take, to receive. 

T Jj.iiJjk«»W'«fm<n^,Tenedos, in the Archipelago. 

A J\};ju«\ istinzal, (v. n. 10 of Jp) Sending 
down. Bringing down. Receiving into one's house. 
Being removed from office, descending from one's 
station. Wishing to descend. 

A -fLjju>»\ istinsai, (v. n. 10 of U»J) Request- 
ing a creditor to wait. Asking one to sell on credit. 

A (_->L,Ji»»^ istinsab, (v. n. 10 of c-ju..'?) Trac- 
ing one's genealogy. Mentioning, recording, or 
wishing to record a genealogy. 

A -;.L.Ji\'<»\ istimakh, (v. n. 10 of >»J) Tran- 
scribing, copying. 

A . U .. ^ . >" <« ) ^ istinsar, (v. n. 10 of j*i*)) Resem- 
bling or acting like a vulture. 

A A^,.\'L»\ istinshas, (v. n.lO of ISd) Smelling. 
Inquiring into. (v. n. 10 of (ji<J) Smelling, per- 
ceiving a smell. Being overcome with drink. 

A iSliJjual istinshad, (v. n. 10 of sLi) Asking 
one to repeat a poem. 

A Jo\iV.» L» \ istinshat, (v.n. 10 of ixij) Becom- 
ing wrinkled (skin). Shrivelling up (leather). 

A JjLlJiutt\ istinshah, (v. n. lOof Jj^) Draw- 
ing up water through the nostrils ; snuffing up the 
air, or odours. 

A OLaJJuw) istinsat, (v. n. 10 of C«>«i>) Re- 
questing one to keep silence. 

A — \«a« L »\ istinsah, (v. n. 10 of ^ai) Esteem- 
ing one to be a faithful counsellor. 

aJi «aI J i«i > \ istinsar, (v. n. 10 oijioji) Soliciting 
aid against an enemy. Asking supplies. 

A u->UaiL*)\ istinsaf, (v. n. 10 of t_A<a>) Be- 
coming quits, getting one's just due. 

A jUaiu*»l istinsal, (v. n. 10 of (Jwiai) Draw- 
ing forth. Causing the prickles of the plant ^^^ 
buhma' to fall (hot weather). 

A —\.ia.: ' >.»>) istinzah, (v. n. 10 of ^eii) Sprin- 
kling water on the privities after making an ablution. 

A i_>ol<aJlJu*»^ istinzaz, (v. n. 10 of (JJai) Col- 
lecting drop by drop. Requesting payment of a 
debt in coin. Trying to obtain a benefit. 

A jUaJjUttl istintak, (v. n. lOof ^^lai) Endow- 
ing with speech (God). Trying to make one speak. 
Searching, inquiring. Talking together. 

Aj^aSu>\ istinzar, (v. n. 10 of j^) Begging 
a delay, asking to wait or give time. Asking credit. 

A ujUa;L«\ Mim^a/, (v.n.lOofi_aiai) Taking 

( 84 ) 

all clean away. Exacting the whole (of tribute). 

A f\i>::Mt\istin^s, (v. n. 10 of jj6) Approach- 
ing. Returning, fleeing. Galloping away with his 
rider (a camel). Calling (sheep) to follow him (a 
shepherd). Taking the lead. Preceding. Being 
scattered, dispersed. Being divulged, published. 
Overtaking a man (misfortune). Possessing, oc- 
cupying (as the love of wine). 

A C^\)C3M>\istin^t, (v. n. 10of(JlA*>) Asking 
for an epithet, requestingone to describe or qualify. 

A _lijju*>\ istinfaj, (v. n. 10 of Jo) Drawing 
out (anger), enraging. 

A lilijLLwl istinfad, (v.n. 10 of iXfli) Emptying, 
exhausting. Putting forth all one's strength. 

aSXJmA istinfdr, (v. n. 10 of jflj) Running 
away terrified (animal). Desiring one to run away. 
Making (an animal) to run away. 

A i^\sClui\ istinfaz, (v. n. 10 of (j»aiU) Clean- 
ing the penis from the remains of urine. Extract- 
ing. Sending forth scouts. Examining carefully. 

A s\ijjk**>\ istinfak, (v. n. 10 of j^) Laying 
out money, spending all. 

A slaJlJLo^ istinfah, (v.n. lOof sfli) Reposing. 

A j\aJjk*»>\ «s<m/<az, (v.n.lOofj>a3) Liberating, 
emancipating, rescuing. Putting to a distance. 

A (_)aliuL«»\ istinkas, (v. n.lOof (.^jaJb) Desir- 
ing or endeavouring to diminish or lessen the price 
of any thing. Regarding as deficient. 

A cULLrt^ istinkaf, (v. n. 10 of «J) Flowing 
into a place and stagnating (water) ; also becom- 
ing yellow in the body. Being high (the voice). 
Having a rattling in the throat (a dying person). 
Changing (colour). Steeping in water. Descend- 
ing into a pond to wash and cOol the body. 

A !sULju*>^ istinhah, (v.n. lOof sJiJ) Understand- 
ing. Interrogating. 

A -.%Sm>\ istinhah, (v. n. 10 of >J) Marrying, 
taking a wife. Lying with a woman. 

A j\^Jjuu\ istinhar, (v. n. 10 of io) Seeking to 
become acquainted with a subject of which one is 
ignorant. Being ignorant of, not knowing. 

A I j\^j;Juo^ istinhaf, (v. n. 10 of i_flX)) Declin- 
ing, refusing, rejecting, disdaining. Being proud, 
haughty, playing the great man. Tracking (a ca- 
mel) over a sandy plain. 

A »\^JJ>w4 istinhah, (v. n. 10 of e£i) Bidding 
another breathe in one's face to discover what he 
has been drinking. Smelling another's breath. 

A AyjMi\ istinwat, (v. n. 10 of (_fy) Throwing 
away date-stones. 

A j^jJjLrtl istinrcak, (v. n. lOof JjU for jy ) Be- 
coming a she-camel (a male camel), spoken of one 
who mingles his own stories with those of others. 

A <^\^:lui\istinn;ah, (v. n. 10 of ciJlJ for i^y) 
Being foolish and silly. 

A —\^iliJ\ istinhaj, (v. n. 10 of ^^) Adopting 
anothePs mode of life. Lying open (royal road). 


A j^JIImi^ istinhar, (v. n. 10 ofj^) Flowing co- 
piously. Lying open (a wound). Being wide and 
spacious. Turning the course of a river through a 
solid bed. Checking, shouting, calling out to. 

A (^\^^L*»\ istinhaz, (v. n. 10 of (.^i^) Rous- 
ing, ordering to rise. 

A >\jL*»^ istimat, (v. n. 8 of i/_j**») Being 
straight and even. Being equal, parallel. Being 
level with any thing, i. e. hiding or burying it 
(ground). Putting the whole of one thing into ano- 
ther. Being moderate, temperate. Sitting well or 
upright (on horseback). Arriving at full maturity 
of body and mind about the age of forty. Predomi- 
nating. Coming to maturity (youth). Approach- 
ing, advancing. Tending towards, ascending (to 
heaven. Intending, proposing. Dropping a letter 
in reading. Leaving, quitting, neglecting. Being 
disgraced, rendered ignominious. Incurring im- 
purity. Equality, uniformity. \<^ij*>\ lai- hhatii 
istiwa, A right line. The equator. 

p .\jL»»l ustumar. Firm, strong, solid. Faithful, 
true, worthy to be relied on. ^^,^^<^La\ ustuwar 
shudan. To stick fast and firmly. ^Jwb ^^^^ 
ustuwar dashtan. To rely ujjon, to believe. 

p ^jS^LuS ustumari, Strength, firmness, con- 
stancy, resolution. 

A Jslyuri^ istiwat, (v. n. 8 of 1»V«» for ^}m>) 
Being confused, perplexed, disturbed. 

p ^^\jxu>\ ustuwan. Firm, solid. Trustworthy. 

p sjiyuui ustuwana, A cylinder. 

\ ast u bast. Particulars. 

p ' ' ■■■■' 

p ^j\jyLtAustiidan, A cemetery of the Guebres. 

p J jl«*»^ ustur, A horse, mule, beast of burthen. 

p ^J^jy)Mi\ usturlan, A horse-keeper. Barren. 

p *}J«>«i ustum, A bulrush. 

p /jy^^ ustun, A column, beam, mast. A kins- 
man (son-in-law, father-in-law). Odoriferous grass. 

p iyLt>\ istuh or ustiih^ Wearied, dispirited, sor- 
rowful, afflicted, overwhelmed with ennui. 

p t/jL*>l ustuKi, The back-bone. 

p elut I asta, A kernel. A bone. l«^ ^slut \ 
dstasi hhurmd, A date-stone. 

p «juu\ a«te,The stone of a date, plum, or peach. 
A bone. Istih, Contention, altercation. Istuh, 
Dejected, dispirited, tired. Usta, The buttocks. 

A is1m\ astah, (pi. euuo sutuh) Large-buttocked 
One who finds a pleasiu-e in large buttocks 

A is>ljjk«»»i istihdsat, (v. n. 10 of (_J•y^) Bewitch 
ing, seducing, bewildering, stupefying, 

A (_jl^Ju«\ istihab, (v. n. 8 of (.-*{*>») Giving 
much. Becoming very liberal. 

A Ajl^Xut^ istihasat, (v. n. 10 of d«Jki> not used) 
Doing, wishing, or asking much. Doing mischief.. 

A I — JljJLwl istihaf, (v. n. 8 of *— if-*) Esteem- 
ing lightly, holding in contempt. 

A *lji«»\ istihdm, (v. n. 8 of j.^) Casting lots. 

A iL«l^JL*»\ istihdmat, (v. n. lOof ^Ub for ,»J*) 

Infatuating, bewitching. 

• A SiljJuul istihanat, (v. n. 10 of ^^ for 10^) 

Making light of, despising. 

A clx.yLo\ istihbdf, (v. n. 10 of ^4*) Urging 
(a camel) so that he runs with outstretched neck, 

Aj\i^JL*»i istihtdr,(\.n. 10offfi>)Beingstrongly 
inclined to drink. Being so greedy as to be lost to 
all sense of shame. Patronizing vanity and folly. 

A J^^^ istihja}, (v. n. 10 of >) Taking 
one's own way without consulting any body. Hur- 

IHaring forward travellers. 

A ^jlift****' istihjdn, (v. n. 10 of ^^) Regard- 
insr as base and shameful. 

A ^Ijk^Juol istihddf, (v. n. 10 of (^JJ*) Asking 
a gift, or guidance. 

A i_Jlj.^J^->) Istihddf, (v.n. 10of( JiiJfc) Being 

erect and tall. Setting one's self as a mark or butt 
(for criticism, &c.). Exhausting (a milker). 

p ^j;}>^ju*>\ istihdan, To squabble. 

A Ayt^LtiS istihzdf, (v. n. 10 of Ufc) Deriding, 
joking, sneering. 

p «i\j<pLu^ istihzdna, Scornfully, deridingly. 

A (^1 M.^'.'»<>' istihshdsh, (v. n. 10 of (_^) Con- 
sidering as light. 

A L-.>\ja. ^ :«») istihzdb, (v. n. 10 of t_.*»ia>) Be- 
coming incessant (a shower). Becoming dry, giv- 
ing little milk (a sheep). 

A cWi^V.i.)^ istihtdp, (v. n. 10 of jiai>) Stretch- 
ing out the neck, hanging the head and going fast. 
rA (•Ow^^Uu^ istihkdm, The being proud. 
A ^%^\ istlhldk, (v. n. 10 of tiib) Ruin- 
ing, destroying, consuming, expending. 
k A J^Lpijjl istihldl, (v. n. 10 of (J* ) Being glad, 
cheerful,shiningwlth joy (the countenance). Flow- 
ing plentifully (tears, water, rain). Beginning to 
rain with noise. Giving the first cry (an infant). 
Raising the voice, invoking. Drawing (a sword), 
ppearing (the new moon). Beginning a month. 

A «l«^^i*i*^ istihmdm, (v. n. 10 of Ifc) Caring, 
being anxious about the concerns of one's people. 

A f\s.,^\ istihndf, (v. n. 10 of \JJ6) Asking 
help, or a gift. 

A e.\l^^\ istlhnd^ The being unable to reply. 

A f\^^MA istihrvat, (v. n. 10 of (^y>) Bewitch- 

ing, seducing, bewildering, stupefying. 
p ^^iiJi^:^\ i«/»7tl(?an, To quarrel, litigate, strive. 
p (j*»» 1 dgti, The sleeve of a garment. 
I A '^Jm\ utiy, Belonging to the anus, fundamen- 
al, anal. A follower. ZJs^, The warp of a gar- 
ment. Fitted to the loom, stretched on the warp. 
A ^Ulwul istiMt, (v. n. 10 of (^Ij) Receiving 
or being gratified by a promise. Asking a promise. 
A A^\ idiydt, (v. n. 8 of Am for 1^) Be- 
ing displeased, disgusted, feeling hurt at any one. 
A ii\-:L-»\ istiydd, (v. n, 8 of iiU«> for iij*<») Kill- 
ing, or taking prisoner, a chief. Asking (the chief 
woman of a tribe) in marriage. 


( 85 ) 

aXmu\ isthdr, (v. n. 10 of j^_j) Running away. 

A jLIjjI istiydr, (v. n. 8 of jV«*» for jw») Taking 
provisions for the way. Living after the fashion, 
or adopting the habits of another. 

A (juLu*ul istifds, (v. n. 10 of y"J^.) Despond- 
ing, despairing. 

A &*«LiI«»\ istisdsat, (v. n. 10 of (_>ijj^ not used) 
Asking for an equivalent. 

A u-JU^i*"^ istiydf, (v. n. 8 of (_iU*> for (_i*«o) 

Smelling, snufiingup. (v.n.8 of ( jUu fori_OJuJ) 

Fighting with swords. Being put to the sword. 

A jl^^^ istiydk, (v. n. 8 of jL« for Ji^) 
Driving, urging forward. 

A ui)liu»<*^ istisdk, (v. n. 10 of tibj) Becom- 
ing a thick entangled forest (the tree tilVl ardli). 

A {J}\^\ istiydk, (v. n. 8 of t^Lu for ^y^) 
Cleaning the teeth with a stick. Making a dentifrice. 

A («>U-*»^ istiydm, (v. n. 8 of -luj for |»y») 
Bidding against, raising the price. Fixing a price. 
Asking a price. 

A Ax^Mi\ isttbdf, (v. n. 10 of Uj) Discover- 
ing (a place) to be infected with plague or conta- 
gious disorder. Being heavy, unwholesome (food). 

A h\.tXXitA isthbdt, (v. n. 10 of laj\) Excavating 
a pit narrow at the mouth and wide at the bottom 
(either for storing grain or catching wild beasts). 

A jlf*i»«l isfibdk, (v. n. 10 of JjJj) Perishing. 
Wishing one may perish. 

A JUjli*!* isfihdl, (v. n. 10 of jjjj) Being un- 
healthy (air). Finding (air) so. Wanting the ram. 

A -^l^lu***! istittdi, (v. n. 10 of (3^) Longing for 
the male. Thinking one slow, longing for his arrival. 

A j^lXkL,**' ististdn, (v. n. 10 of jjj 1 ) Purchasing 
a she-ass. Becoming a she-ass (a male : spoken of 
one who from being honourable becomes debased). 

A ^Jc^jji\ istitdn, (v. n. 10 of (j^j) Becoming 
fat (sheep). 

A _,\juli»j' isiisaj, (v. n. 10 of ^j) Being en- 
tangled (as plants when growing too close together). 
Being complete. Being plentiful. Asking much. 

A jllkXwjl istissdr, (v. n. 10 of 3^) Choosing 
(any good thing) for one's self, and not for one's 
companions. Taking (any one) to himself at death 
(God). Accomplishing (a thing) alone. 

AjlijkJLo^ istisdr, (v. n. 10 of yj) Importuning. 
Coming often. 

A ^\1Zm>\ isttsdk, (v. n. 10 of ^j) Taking a 
written compact or agreement. 

A (jUuLjil isiisdn, (v. n. 10 of fj>y) Growing 
fat. Increasing, abounding. Waxing strong. Re- 
maining. Dividing itself into two parts (a palm- 
tree). Having colts full grown (camels). 

A ^Ju*»l ust'ij, A weaver's shuttle, the woof 
about the quill. 

A t— 'lij^^' isfijab, (v. n. 10 of i— j>»-j) Being 
worthy, deserving. 

A jW,-*****' istijjm; (v. n. 10 of j»-^) Hiring. 



A jli^^' iitisjdz, (v. n. 10 of J»-^ not used) 
Bending over a pillow, without reclining upon it. 

A I JUs^^' istijdf, (v. n.lO of i_ft»-j) Smiting 

the heart (love). 

A Jl4r^'/.s<i^_jaZ,(v. n.lOof J*-l) Requesting 
a reprieve, or delay. Attaining to a fixed period. 

A A^i^^ istihdf, (v. n. 10 of ^j>-j) Putting in 
motion, exciting, stirring. Calling one in order to 
send him. Questioning, being inquisitive. 

A liU^^' istihdd, (v. n. 10 of J^j) Being alone, 
single,unique. Knowing,perceiving,understanding. 

A (Jils^^ istlhdsh, (v. n. 10 of t_f=-j) Expe- 
riencing care, sadness, or terror. Taking fright. 

A JUsJ^^ istVidl, (y. n. 10 of Ja-j) Abound- 
ing in thin mud. 
" > 

p j^^*^ istikh, Tall and straight (column). 

A s\st!^^ istikhds, (v. n. 10 of (_^j) Asking 
news or information. 

A iU^^ isthhhdz, (v. n. 10 of ii-1) Taking 
possession of. 

j^ \jjjMi\ igtifjijicir, (v. n. 10 of_js>-l) Remain- 
ing behind. 

A («lS^r*"' isfihhdm, (v. n. 10 of ^j) Being 
unable to digest heavy and unwholesome food. 
Being heavy and unwholesome. 

A ^liiolo-*^ istisdds, (v. n.lO of (^t>^) Imploring 
help. Fining, amercing. 

A -flii-duw) isfiddf, (v. n. 10 of (^i>j) Acknow- 
ledging a debt. 

A i_j1iiiu*«\ istisddb, (v. n. 10 of L-»ii\) Being 
instructed in morals. Acquiring learning. 

A clii-»L«! istiddf, (v. n. 10 of ct>j) Requesting 
any one to keep a deposit.Committing,commending. 

A I J\ii,JL»»\ istiddf, (v. n. 10 of 1 Jiij) Scruti- 
nizing. Letting fall in drops, catching melted fat as 
it drops. Holding, containing, retaining (sperm in 
the uterus). Growing long (grass). Opening the 
head of a vessel to examine the milk. 

A jj^ii-L*»\ istiddh, (v. n. 10 of Jji>j) Wanting 
the male (a mare or ass). 

A »\,i-dL»»l isfiddh, (v. n. 10 of Xiij) Being driven 
together (camels). Being defeated and submitting 
to a conqueror. Being well managed (business). 
Despising, holding lightly. 

p i^^^ImS istldan. To stand. To begin. 

p s.\Jum\ isfida, Standing. 

A jjjliiiu.«»l istiszdn, (v. n. 10 of ^^C^) Asking 
leave, begging permission. 

V JluA astir, A weight of 62" dirhems. 

A ^ljuu*>\ isfirdy, (v. n. 10. of (_jjj) Striking 
fire by the friction of two pieces of wood. 

A i^yt^A isthrdb, (v. n. 10 of ^J.) Being 
overloaded with debt. 

A ^\jxLm\ istirdkh, (v. n. 10 of ^j) Being 
irrigated (the earth). 

A ijUjkLrt^ isttrdd, (v. n. 10 of ii,j) Approach- 
ing water to drink. Bringing to water. Citing. 

A (^\Jm>\ isthrdz, (v. n. 10 of {^j^) Becom- 
ing raw and angry (a sore). 

A \o\jijM»\ istirat, A plunging headlong. 

A ^]j^^^ istizas, (v. n. 10 of t^j) Ascend- 
ing (a mountain). 

A j]}JLu*^ isth:ar,(v. n. 10 ofjjj) Preserving. 
Carrying off. Appointing a vazlr, choosing (one) to 
be prime minister. Soliciting the office of vazir. 
Performing the duty of a vazir. Collecting. 

A «^3:J^\ utizaf, (v. n. 10 of cjj) Praying for 
divine inspiration, imploring a thankful spirit for 
divine favours. 

A ij]^^ istiszah, (v.n. 10 of JJ^) Being 
narrow, confined, close. 

p 8j-Lol istiza, Controversy, quarrel, anger. 

A >L»j:^\ istissa, (v. n. 10 of ,<*>^) Seeking 
solace, desiring consolation. 

A -^L-JuLwul isiisaj:, (v. n. 10 of (C*»»j) Asking aid. 

^iMu\ isfisakh, (v. n. 10 of ^j) Being 
dirty, soiled (a garment). 

A ii\.M. CuA istusad, (v. n. 10 of C^jmX) Being 
bold as a lion. Growing to maturity (a plant). 

A ii\ j'.'»>\ isfisad, (v. n. 10 of ;W)) Exciting, 

raising a commotion. 

A j L .jL.j.)l istisar, (v. n. 10 of -i»j) Being easy, 
in a good train, well arranged, in good order, 
easily to be obtained. 

A cL-JuM»l istisat, (v. n. 10 of ^*>*j) Being 
wide, roomy, capacious, large enough. 

A |jL»juM»^ istisah, (v. n. 10 of iV»j) Being 

A jj\, » . A" ,»rt' istisan, (v. n. 10 of (o*"j) Being 
sleepy and drowsy. 

A ALy^n ) istishas, (v. n. 10 of ,^*»j) Making 
(a horse) run at full speed. Calling. Moving. 

Aj\Jju*u\ istlshar, (v. n. 10 of wi>j) Desiring 
(another) to make one's teeth thin and sharp. 

A cu:.jC<4»1 isfishai, A drawing of water. 

A iXJLtluA istishagli, (v. n. 10 of j^j) Draw- 
ing water with a torn bucket. 

A j,\.LXMi\istisham,(y. n.lO of jJmj^ Desiring 
the marks^j washm to be punctured on one's body. 

A A.AMti\ istisan, (v. n. 10 of ^j^j) Receiving 
a charge, command, or testament. ' Enjoining. 

A liLau^Artl istisad, (v. n.lO of Ju^j) Construct- 
ing a sheep-cote on a mountain. 

A ( sLauU*o^ isiisaf, (v. n. 10 of i_AOj) Ask- 
ing (a physician) for a medical prescription. 

A (JLaAl«>l istusal, (v. n. 10 of ^y>o\) Eradi- 
cating, erasing, exterminating, ruining. 

A -.\<a. " »«)\ istizah, (v. n. 10 of ^j) Request- 
ing an explanation. Seeking to discern any object 
by raising the hand to the forehead. 

A cUaJk«»\ istiza^ (v. n. 10 of f^j) Asking 
for an abatement. 

A |»L»JJ»*\ isfizam, (v. n. 10 of |*^_j) Injuring, 
hurting, oppressing. 

( 86 ) 

A >llaJLu\ istitas, iy. n. 10 of i^^) Finding 
(a bed) soft. 

A ^,lli.>Lrt^ istitan, (v. n. 10 of j^_j) Choosing 
for a residence. 

A i_i\Vi/V'.«»l istizaf, (v. n. 10 of i_Ji2»j) Taking 
the whole (property). 

A ^U-Lrtl isfi^s, (v. n. 10 of ^j) Cutting 
clean away, leaving nothing remain. 

A u_.>UJu*»\ isfi^ab, (v. n. 10 of (_>S-j) Taking 
(the whole). 

AjU-Juu^ istitar, (v. n. 10 of j&j) Finding (a 
road) rugged. 

A JljtJL**^ istlfal, (v. n. 10 of J^j) Taking re- 
fuge. Fleeing to a mountain. 

A jUJurtl isfighal, (v. n. 10 of (Js-j) Washing 
the groin or arm-pit. 

A ^laJ«*>) istlfas, (v. n. 10 of (jj) Demanding 
and receiving the whole of what is due. 

A iilajju*>\ istisfad, (v. n. 10 of JJ^) Approach- 
ing, coming suddenly. 

Aj\awuu\ istisfar, (v. n. 10 of J\) Becoming 
fat and sprightly after being worn with fatigue. 

AjlflJ«*»\ isUfdr, (v. n. 10 ofjj) Receiving or 
paying what was due. 

Aj^J«>l istifdz, (v. n. 10 of }Jj) Sitting bolt 
upright. Squatting on the tips of one's toes. 

A ;jaliJL«»\ istifdz, (v. n. 10 of {.joij) Run- 
ning fast. Making haste. Causing to make haste, 
driving. Being driven and scattered here and there. 
Expelling, banishing. 

A jliuLwl isfifdk, (v. n. lOof ^^j) Imploring 
or seeking divine guidance and gi-ace. 

A —ULJLo^ isfikdh, (v. n. 10 J>j) Being hard 
(nails or hoofs). 

A i>\iLL«\ istthdd, (v. n. 10 j5j) Kindling, light- 
ing. Burning, blazing. Being in heat (a female). 

Aj\ a ..l,tA istlkdr, (v. n. 10 ofjSj) Taking a load 
from off any one's head. Becoming fat (camels). 

A LlflJuul istiJtdt, (v. n. 10 of iaij) Abound- 
ing in hollows where water collects (a place). 

A jjliL L rt^ isfihaz, (v. n. 10 of laiu) Watching, 
awakening. Awaking out of sleep. Making a tin- 
kling noise (a necklace, or metal ring on the ankle). 

A eULLwl isfikdf, (v. n. 10 of «j) Being time 
for sharpening a sword. Anxiously expecting a 
thing to happen or fall out. Being terrified. Taking 
a sharp edge (a sword). 

A I — 9lLL*>\ isfikdf, (v. n. 10 of I— fiij) Re- 
questing one to wait, detain (another), or pause. 

A m\a-L*>\ istikdn, (v. n. 10 of ^^^ Knowing 
for sure, ascertaining. 

A !sU-Juo1 isfikdh, (v. n. 10 of «ij) Obeying. 

A ^\CoL«>\ isfikdi, (v. n. 10 of ^j) Being fat. 

A t^^ijLUol istlkds, (v. n. 10 of (.l*ij) Par- 
taking of a hasty meal. Breakfast. 

A _K;»L*>\ isfikdh, (v. n. 10 of ij) Being pe- 
nurious, sordid, niggardly, refusing to give. Being 

fat and fleshy (young birds). 

A c^CjJuu^ istlkdp, (v.n. 10 of ^j) Acquiring 
strength. Becoming consolidated and not leaking. 

A 1 ?K.jL..»^ istikdf, (v. n. 10 of ^Jjj) Catch- 
ing any thing dripping or distilling. 

A JKjJL*»\ istifhdl, (v. n. 10 of Jil) Begging 
a meal. Devouring the substance of the weak. 

A /»\^jkL*»\ istifkdm, (v. n. 10 of ^1) Beingfull 
of hillocks. Finding (a bed soft). 

A ^^LoLw»\ istllds, (v. n. 10 of (Jj) Having en- 
tire power or authority. Reaching the extremity. 
Hitting a mark. Authority ,ascendancy,domination. 

A ^^Li^\ istildkh, (v. n. 10 of t)j) Becoming 
moistened (ground). 

A c^L:«*>\ isttldgh, (v. n. 10 of ^) Not caring 
for disgrace. 

A tdJ^L:;-*^ istiddk, (v. n. 10 of tiU^) Bearing 
a message, going on an embassy. 

p (*Ju*o I dsfim, A sleeve. Blood from a wound. 
A healed wound. Apoultice. The orifice of abottle. 

p ^« >" i» > \ astim, A sleeve. The mouth of a ves- 
sel. Jstim, A wound affected by the cold and 
swollen. Cold which causes a wound to swell. A 
wound healed on the surface and full of matter 
within. Pus, matter. 

A *W^«*»^ istismdt, (v. n. 10 of (<o\) Purchasing 
a handmaiden, taking a maidservant. 

A jV*:;«»\ istis^ndr, (v. n.lO ofj*^) Consulting, 
deliberating. Adjuring, causing to swear. 

A cUu<*>\ istijmdp,(y.n.lO oi «*^) Being weak- 
headed, and at every body's beck and call. 

A As^mjA istismdm, (v. n. 10 of IX) Taking for 
a mother. 

A ^J^fCiM»\ istitmdn, (v. n.lO of ^jtS) Confiding, 
considering trustworthy. Begging protection, tak- 
ing refuge. 

A ^J^^:Uu^ istimdn, (v. n. 10 of j^) Consider- 
ing as fortunate. Being happy and blest. Ad- 
ministering an oath. 

p tijjXw*! dstin, A sleeve. (jJoLiil (jO*» I ds- 
tin afshdndan, To dance. To confer favours. To 
abandon, refuse, shake off. i^i^^j^ U^*****' 5*^*'* 
bar chldan, ((jiij j> (j;i^^l dsfin bar zadan, or 
j^iJjuU (;J^Juo I dstin mdlidari) To tuck up one's 
sleeve, i. e. to prepare for business. »U^ jJ t:jC-*» I 
(jiXylS dsfin bar gundh kashidan, To pass by a I 
fault. (jrC*o^. U;i-»*» I dstini posfin, Fault, blemish, 
(^jwlii j!> (j;u«*i I dsttn tar dashtan, To shed tears. | 
(^lip^jXJ (jj:^l dstiniirizkardan,ToAT&v! one's 
hand in. j\jjS ^JJ^i-» 1 dstini kUtdh, A garment 
without ornaments, ijii^ tiji-*"' "*'<"« giriftan, 
To compel one to work for nothing. 

A *lilu«i^ istiinds, (v. n. 10 of ^j,\) Waiting. 

A (_^U>X«*»i istisnas, (v. n. 10 of (j<*>\) Being 
intimate, familiar. Perceiving the presence of a 
man (a wild beast). Knowing. Asking leave. 

A I jllllikol istisudf, (v. n. 10 of (_ft3\) Com- 


mencing. An exordium,beginning,coinmencement. 
p jjul^l astina (or uoLol istind) A bird's egg. 
Aj^y:i*»\ istisrcar, (v. n. 10 of jj\ not used) 
Fearing, flying in terror. Running away (startled 
camels) over rough ground. Making haste, hur- 
rying along in the dark. Waxing angi-y (people). 
Preparing to leap (a camel). 

A t-jlj-l-il igtihab, (v. n. 10 of i_«fcj) Asking 
I for a present. 

IH Ajlp^^ istihar, (v. n. 10 of j*j) Knowing 
for a certainty, (v. n.lO of^.) Persevering in. 
Running away in fear (asses). Knowing for sure. 
Exchanging, swoping. Losing his wits (a man). 

A Jlyi^-j^ istuhal, (v. n. 10 of jj*^) Being 
worthy, deserving. Buying and eating condiment 
called 's^\i>\ ihalat. 

A >*»\ usuj, (for ^j wusuj) Swift she-camels. 

A J^ isjdh, (v. n. 4 of js?") Pardoning, 
sparing, acquitting, soothing, giving good words. 

A li^jtf^ a.y Of/, Tribute-money. Asjad or i.yad, 
Jews and Christians, who are charged with pay- 
ing homage to the figures on certain coins tendered 
for tribute. Igjad, (v. n. 4 of <^^) Bowing the 
head to the ground, paying adoration. Beholding 
any thing very attentively, and injui'ing the eyelids. 

A «l*^ «<!/a^, (pl- of «ss?** saj^) Rhymes, 
compositions in rhythm. Cooings of turtles. 

A i_Jl:tf"^ (tyaf, (pl. of i_ij^ sajf) Veils, cur- 
tains, lyaf, (v. B. 4 of 1— fls^) Letting fall (a 
curtain) before a tent-door. Closing in (night). 

A JW" isjal, (v. n. 4 of J4^) Filling (a cis- 
tern). Giving a large bucket or two. Abounding 
in good things. Leaving. Sending, despatching. 

A j«U^ iyam, (v. n. 4 of f^) Raining co- 
piously. Causing to drop or flow. 

A j^ asjah, Fine, well-proportioned (face). 

A Jjs^"' ay ad, Troubled with a swelled foot. 

^j^ asjar. One who has a blood-shot eye. 
^, jjmpifl (lake). A lion. 

^Ha {^^ a.yfl^,Longandswaggy(camel'sudder). 
^H& j*:^ axjam, Silent, not braying (camel). 
A iS'y^ M.yuja<,(pl.«^lu»!a«qjl^) Rhythm, 
cadence. An oration written or recited in rhythm. 
Cooing of turtles. The braying of a camel. 

Aj^ji^ iyihrar, (v. n. 4 of j^ Q) Grow- 
ing long and spreading out (a plant). Appearing 
and disappearing (mirage, or vapour (_»>\j*«»«ara&). 
Meeting, blowing towards one (winds). 

A A^ is-hat, (v. n. 4 of (#^) Covering or 
binding (a book) with a membrane of the papynis. 
Possessing this membrane in abundance. 

A Ol*^ as-haf, (pl. of (Jl*^** »w/t< or suhut) 
Unlawful gains. Is-hat, (v. n. 4 of d-*^**) Ex- 
tirpating. Making unlawful gain. 


as-har, (pl. of j^ sahr) The lungs (of 
animals). ^ (pl, of j^ sahar) Twilights, dawns. 
j\^^\ mIi&o muhattifatu'l as-har, A hare (the 

( 87 ) 

lungs of which often burst in running). Is-hdr, 
(v. n. 4 of j^) Rising, going, or coming early in 
the morning, at the dawn of day. 

A 'sJlsC^' is-hdrrat, as-harrat (JJl^** is-hdrr 
or as-hdrr) A certain pot-herb which fattens cattle. 

G tj\^^ as-kdra, Mallows. 

A i_JVsf^^ is-hdf, (v. n. 4 of Ul^) Selling the 
fat ftft***" sahfat. Bearing the clouds along (wind). 

A ,jl^ is-hdk, (v. n. 4 of ,3^) Removing. 
Putting to a distance. Becoming thread-bare (a 
garment). Being worn (the hoof of a camel). 
Shrinking after milking (the teats). Isaac. 

A jukils^** is-hdhiya, Name of a sect. 

A Jlsfc**' as-hdl, (pl. of JwS^ said) Stuffs made 
of white cotton. Is-hdl, (v. n. 4 of ^}^) Disco- 
vering (one) to be an object of blame and abuse. 

A A^" is-hdm, (v. n. 4 of f»****) Pouring forth 
rain (a cloud). 

as-hat. Barren (year). 

Aj^^ as-har, More or most of a magician. 

A jjlflaC^ us-hnfdn. Name of a plant used 
medicinally for sciatica. 

A ^y^ is-hil. Name of a tree from the wood 
of which they make dentifrices. 

A y^)w*^ us-haldn, Tall (youth) with long and 
lanky locks, shaved here and there. 

A 1^3 ^J^*"' is-hildniy, Long-bearded (man). 

A ili^J.^*'' is-hildriiyat. Tall, handsome, and 
attractive (woman). 

A *a^ as-ham. Black. A horn. The nipple. 
A wine-bottle. A cloud. Blood, in which conspi- 
rators at the time of swearing dip their hands. A 
ringlet. Night. Name of an idol. 

A (jU^** is-himdn, Black. Name of a moun- 
tain. Us-hiimdn, A kind of tree. 

Aj\Wa<^' is-hintdr, (v. n. 3 of AaSfc** not used) 
Stretching one's self. Leaning, inclining. Being 
wide and long. Falling on the face. 

AjVii^ ' is-hinfdr, (v. n. 3 of^^n*^ Q not used) 
Going quick. Being straight (a road). Being 
abundant (rain). Being diffuse and verbose (an 
orator). Preaching with fluency. 

A i^^i:^^^ is-Unkdh, (v. n. 3 of tib^ Q) 
Being dark (the night). Being difficult and un- 
intelligible (a speech), 

A (j\^^**M«-/ji<ware, Tall, handsome. A glutton. 

A L— *_j*f"' US-hub, A great eater and drinker. 

A u-Jj^** ns-huf or is-hawf, (A camel) whose 
teats, having large orifices, give milk plentifully. 

A »-^** as-hiyat, (pl. of ^^.^ sihds) The bands 
of a book, (pl, of wl^** sihdyat) Parts peeled or 
scraped off", membranes. 

A &i^^ us-hiyat, The periosteum. 

p (<«ji »jls^ ishhdra rumi, A thorny grass. 

A lilat^' ishhdt, (v. n. 4 of iaa^) Enraging. 

A JU^' iskhdl, (v. n, 4 of ^}i^) Keeping 
back, hindering. Leaving behind. 

A ylatf" ishhdn, (v. n. 4 of f^/^) Boiling 
(water). Heating. Causing to weep. 

A J^ ashham. Black. 

A ^Jli^ ashhan, Very hot, hotter, hottest. 

A 'iJj^ ishhinat. Feverish heat, a disease, the 
opposite of 'iiiji\ ibridat. 

A ^_^ askha'. More or most liberal, 

A f>\Ji:^^ ashhiydt, (pl. of ^I^J£^ sakhiy) Liberal. 

A OlJuai^^ ishhitdt, (v. n. 11 of Ois^) Sub- 
siding (a swelling). 

A iXm* 1 dsud, (pl. of i^M»\ asad) Lions. 

A Aut] asd (v. n. of i>wu*\) Stirring up sedition. 
Making havock, (for i>j\ azd) Name of the founder 
of a tribe. Usd, (pl. of St>\ asad) Lions. Asad, 
(v. n. of ii-M»^) Being seized with horror at the sight 
of a lion. Resembling a lion. Being angry. Being 
silly and foolish. Asad, (pl. liUul dsdd, iWi^ 
usud, iiiyit\ usudat, SuA usd, Sm] dsud, ij\Sttt\ 
usddn, and S JywuVc vui^sadat) A lion. The sign Leo. 
(_^^\ (iM>\ asadu'l arz. The lion of the earth, the 
humble lion, the chameleon. A species of plant. 
;_)«jjJ^ 6Mi\ asadu'l ^das, (The lion of pulse) 
Broom-rape. m\ Sjm\ asadu'lldh. The lion of 
God, to which the Pereians add generally ■ ,H il\ 
alghdlib (the conqueror), by which epithets they 
distinguish the Khalif Ally, (^.dJ\ tW»l asadu'd 
din, Lion of the faith; 'iijiii\ iAm\ asadu'd darvlat. 
Lion of the state : (Muhammadan surnames). 

A Sut\ issad. An aged goat. 

A Sjm\ asadd. Straight, even, firm (business). 

A Asm\ isddt, (v, n. 4 of ,jAm) Fitting to the 
loom, fastening to the warp. Sending (a camel) 
to graze without a keeper. Hitting the nail upon 
the head. Having dates ripening at the stalk (a 
palm), becoming flaccid and pendulous (the enve- 
lope of the dates). Making peace, composing dif- 
ferences. Conferring a favour, doing a kindness, 

p lib I lidwul asad-dbdd, A city near Hamadan. 

A ii\;\>*»\as<ia«?, Obstacles, obstructions. Isddd, 
(v. n. 4 of jyM*) Going the right way to work, hit- 
ting the nail upon the head, or seeking to do so. 

Ajliiwa»\ isddr, (v. n. 4 of ,J-*>) Dazzling the 
eyes (the sun). 

A (^_jij^J««»\ asdds, (pl. of (_>» jMrt suds or sudus) 
Sixth parts. Isdds, (v. n. 4 of f^iiMt) Being 
six in number. Having camels which drink on 
the sixth day. Shedding teeth in the eighth year. 

A ( J\jk*tt\ isddf, (v. n. 4 of i Jiiwi*>) Throwing 

aside or lifting up a veil or curtain. Letting fall 
a veil. Showing light (as the dawn). Lighting 
(a candle or lamp). Growing dark (night). Sleep- 
ing. Waxing blind or dim-sighted (through age 
or hunger). Coming in or going awfiy at day-break, 

A J^ii— »^ asddl, (pl. of Jii-*» sidl) Veils. Isddl, 
(v. n. 4of Jii-**) Letting down her gown, hair, or 
veil, (a woman). 

A |»iii,«rt\ asddm, (pl. of ai^mi sadam or sadim) 

Widely diffused (waters), (pi. of »Sm> mium or 
siidm) Concealed wells filled with earth. 

A y^iiy-»^ asdan, (pi. of ^^J«»» sadan) Veils, cur- 
tains. Awnings over camel-litters. Vsdan, (pi. 
of i^*>»\ asad) Lions. 

A Sjj*>\ asadat, A lioness. ^«Ma^ A wooden 
enclosure, a sheep-fold. (A bitch) trained to hunt. 

A 'iSou^ asiddat, (pi. of S-owrfd) Infirmities of 
the body (as blindness, deafness, or dumbness). 

A ^J^J'^ asdarani, (du.) Two veins in the eye. 
&>,Jw«»\ ^j^.. f-\>-J"^<^ yazribu asdarayhi, He 
came striking his sides or shoulders, i.e. empty, 
without having attained his object. 

A ( iiij*>\ asdaf, Black. 

A Jj-««^a6-iaZ,(pl. Jj-i»»sMfZMZ)Pendulous,dan- 
gling. Agdul,(j)\.of,^,\>i»sidl)Yei\s. (pi. of J^.i>i«» 
sadil) Awnings, canopies over camel-litters. 

A (]/4j-*»^ usdiy, (Cloth) fitted to the loom. A 
kind of plant. Usdiy or asdiy, The warp of a web. 
Asadiy, Lion-like. Of the tribe of Sm\ asad. 

A ib_iy**>\ asdiyat, (pi. of V\S*n sadat) Warps. 

Vjui\ cisur, A thriving field of (corn). 

Aju>\ asr, (v. n. of^l) Binding, tying. Cre- 
ating. A chain, i-ob bi asrihi, The whole of it, 
i.e. it, chain and all. **;*»>b bi asrihim, All of 
them. Usr, Retention or stoppage of urine, stran- 
gury. juA iSjft fudu usrin, A piece of wood placed 
under the belly of one troubled with suppression of 
urine. Asar, Glass. Usur, Feet or supporters of a 
bed or throne, (pi. of.Uu^ isar) Bonds, fetters. 

Ajm\ asarr, More or most joyous. Hollow. 
An intimate friend. One who meddles in another's 
business. (A camel) hurt or galled in the breast. 
One who comes uninvited. ^^Xic'^\ jm\ (_j ft 
asam'l azman, In good time, in a convenient sea- 
son, at the happiest of moments, to the purpose. 

A Ajm\ isruf, (v. n. 4 of Lui>) Being the time for 
locusts to deposit their eggs. (v. n. 4 of Lm> for j j**») 
Banishing grief (from the mind), (v. n. 4 of (^j**») 
Cariying off by night. Travelling by night. Going 
to a part of Arabia called sU*«i sarat. Usarat, (pi. 
oijiMi\ astr) Captives. 

A J]j^^ israj, (v. n. 4 of -^^) Saddling (a 
horse). Lighting a candle or lamp. 

A liLkui israd, (v. n. 4 of !>;»*>) Bearing unripe 
sour dates (a palm-tree). 

A j^^^ asrar, (pi. of JJ»*> siiT) Secrets, myste- 
ries, confidential concerns, (pi. of .j**» sarar and 
mrar) Lines, creases, lineaments on the face or 
palms of the hands, p ijj*) jV"^ asrari zamin, 
Plants. A Israr, (v. n. 4 of^) Concealing. Di- 
vulging, discovering. Causing one's words to reach 
another. Entrusting with a secret. 

A ft|/*>^ is)-a^ (v. n, 4 of &jua) Making haste, 
being quick. Causing or ordering to make haste, 
hastening, quickening. Having swift-paced camels. 

A i^\ju>\ isrdf, (v. n. 4 of f—ijut) Wasting, 

( 88 ) 

squandering, lavishing. Eating what is unlawful. 
Prodigality, waste, abuse of wealth, extravagance. 
SY (_->U*«^ israf, A slave. 
A J-J^^ israfll, The angel of death, who is to 
blow the last trumpet. A seraph. 
A i^\jjm\ israfin, The seraphim. 
A j)/-»^ israk, (v. n. 4 of Jj-») Being weak 
and languid. Laggin g behind in order to steal away. 
A JV*»1 isral, Israel. 

A (^j^^ asram, Extremities of the intestines. 
A ^J-o.L*>\ israyil, (or (J^U«*»\ isrdAl, (jo.l^i 
israyln, or t^joU*"^ isi-dsln) Israel. (J:j>y*»^ ij^ 
harii isrdsil, The children of Israel. 

A P t— .V"^ usnd), (also CL^j^^^ usrubb) Lead. 
p «u»-\j>^ '^j*"^ usruhi gudakhta, Molten lead. 
A (3 >*>»^ usrub'iy, Leaden. 
p '^ju»\ usrup, Lead. 

A 'ijuA usrat, (pi. wy>»\ tisar) An impenetrable 
coat of mail. Aflinity, kindred. Kinsmen, pater- 
nal relations. 

A IjtJ^ asirrat, (pi. of '^ sin-) The best and 
richest parts of a valley, (pi. of j*u stirr) The parts 
of the navel-string which are cut off. (pi. o{j\ju> 
sirar) Lines on the palm of the hand or on the fore- 
head, (pl.of Ow*» sarir') Thrones, couches. 

A * r>*»^ asraf, More or most swift, swifter, 
swiftest, fleeter, fleetest, quicker, quickest. 
A p (__J;*»>^ usruf, Lead. 
A jj*«\a«raA, More or most addicted to stealing, 
p iiVu^ isrinj, Cinnabar, vermilion, red lead, 
sandyx, burnt ceruse (of which they make an oint- 
ment for wounds). Cymbals. 

A AiiJ>jiM\ isrinddf, (v.n. 15 ofiij«») Being su- 
perior, overbearing : using opprobrious words. 

p {j^jjuiS tisrosft, An angel. An agreeable 
voice. Name of the 17th day of the month. 

p sJJitjjjjA israrvshana or usrushana, Name of 
a city in Turkistan. 

A 9 J r**»^ usrw, (pi. «J,U«>1 asdri^ ) A kind of 
worm (found among pot-herbs). A nerve running 
along the inside of the fore and hind-leg of an an- 
telope. A line traced on a bow. 

A Is;m\ asra', (pi. of jo.u\ asii-) Captives. 
A Ajjtii\ am-iydf, (pi. of l!jju> sariy) Liberal. 
A iOw*>) asriyat, (pi. of ^jju» sarvj) Rivulets 
running to palm-trees. 

p (j.*> wi*»l asris, A race-ground, 
p J^ju»\ isrisham, Glue, gum, isinglass. 
A (j«*»>\ asas, (pi. (_)mU»> 1 dsds) A foundation. 
A ^jMi>\ usus, (pi. of (j>»l«»^ asds) Foundations. 
A lxuj\ asatt, One who has long feet. 
A jlia««\ astdr, (pi. of jiiu> satar) Lines, rows, 
strings. Writings. Js^ar, (v. n. 4 of,liw») Skipping 
a line, passing over in reading. Blundering in 
reading. A fable, fiction, story, romance. 

A H,llx«»\ istdrat, (^\.j^\u^ asafir) A fable, 
fiction. Any thing trifling. 

A »plla«»^ istdMit, (for 6S'\iaJu«\ isiitd^t) Sub- 
mission, obedience. 

A ^lla*"^ intdm, A poker. Chips, fuel. Iron. 
A (o^^**«^ astdn, Copper-vessels. 
A «Ik«i\ ustubbat, The refuse of cotton or flax 
(which falls in the carding or dressing), stupe, 
p j\la«*»\ istabr, Thick. 
G AJa«*»^ isfabl, A stable. 
G jjiiir*"' istakhdur, Rosemaiy. 
p jir*^' istakhr, Persepolis. 
A jla*i*^ astur, (pi. of jlau*» satr) Lines, strings, 
rows. Writings. 

G Aa**»\ ustur, A balance. Name of a king. 
G (jJupU1xw»\ istardyhilus, A die, dice, 
p ^^aM>\ istarakh, A lake. Persepolis. 
p \i-lxui\ astirhhd, Red orpiment. 
G L->^jlx«»^ usturldb, An astrolabe, p L->^jlx>«» 
»X((>- nsturldbi chahdrum, The sun. 
G U»ijla**>\ usturnund, Astronomy. 
A f^LuA astaf, Long-necked (ostrich), 
o (^lala*>» istaflin, A carrot. 
Q {j^ali»»\ istafin or mtafln, A carrot. 

G ^j.jJiAxMi\ustuhus, An element. 0\ Sl^ ml 

(_yJJoJJl ustuhusdti uhlidas, Euclid's Elements. 
A liaj*>\ ustumm, The middle of the sea. 
A 'i!!,)AM\ ustummat, {^\. oi 2o\m\ asdtim)Tht 
midst of the people. Nobles, chiefs. A place 
where people are assembled. 

A ^^^^la*«\««<MwaM,High,lofty. Long-necked. 

A 6il»la«»\ ustuwdnat, (pi. (jjiaL.>»\ asdtiii) A 

column, cylinder. The leg of a quadruped. Vere- 

trtim. A portico supported by pillars. ^^\ 

j6\»la«<»^la/<Zz<'ZM«<«<w5waf,Followersof the Stoics. 

G iy>.iijs>-jla*«\ ustukhudus, French lavender. 

Gj^lxx*^ tistur, (or X,^lxi*>l usturat) (pi. jdiUw^ 

asdtir) A fable, story. 

G j^jia**>\ usiun, A carrot. 
A ,ia»«\ usta', A barber. 

Aj<Ja>«>\ istir, (or 8_juaMi\ istdrat) (pl._/^Utt\ 
asdtir) A story, romance, or trifling thing. 

A Ahm\ isids, (v. n. 4 of j^**") Stimulating to 
exertion, obliging or setting one to seek for a thing. 
Setting any one to accuse or calumniate. Givini 
any one a thing sought after. 

A jUum^ isidd, (v. n. 4ofiJjui*>) Making happy 
or prosperous, blessing, favouring, assisting, S( 
conding, supporting, aiding. Helping another wi 
man to weep and lament (a woman). 

AjU*u\ asidr, (pi. ofjjtm «jsr) Pricesfixedupon 
provisions. Is^r, (v. n. 4 of\«*o) Kindling (a fire). 
Stirring up (war). Fixing the price of provisions, 
assizing. Causing evil to overtake. 

A i>U*«\ is^t, (v. n. 4 of laxAu) Injecting me- 
dicine into the nostrils. Piercing (the nose) with 
a spear. Indoctrinating, instructing profoundly. 

A I >\^mA is^f, (v. n. 4 of I 0«««>) Promoting 

or finishing any business. Going near. Coming 



within reach of the hunter (game). Coming down 
to and joining one's family. 

A (Jl««»»l wsa/, (v. n. 4 of (Jj«*^) Exhilarating. 
Causing any one to act and behave like a goblin. 

A fj^Jt'*>\ isian, (v. n. 4 of (j**«) Making a ca- 
nopy, awning, or shady booth (called &JjtM> siimat). 

A JjujI asfacl, More or most happy. A kind 
of scab incident to camels. 

A^u»\ asfar, Lean. Changed in colour. 

A i_iiw»\ as^f, (A camel) scabby or mangy 
and therefore bald about the mouth. (A horse) 

King white hairs hanging over the forehead. 
1 L,->\j«*«^ isghab, (v. n. 4 of t_j>«»») Enduring 
ger and penujy. 

A JJt*tt\ isffham, (v. n. 4 of jjt*>») Feeding well, 
bringing up delicately. Vexing to the heart. 

A /o^****^ asghan, Bad aliments. 

p JJjujI a.s«(7/trf«, Prepared, ready. Asughda, 
A fire-brand, half-burnt wood. 

p 8J>i»*») amghda, Prepared, ready. 

p ^^iku>\ asaghdidan, To fashion, finish. 


A ' _ °"' I asif, Grieved, indignant, angry. 

A i_fl*>'l asif a, (fut. i^jLuthyassafu) He grieved. 

A •_o-'\ a«a/)(v.n. of i_i«»»\) Grieving exceed- 
ingly. Being angry with. Sadness, grief, anguish, 
pain. Name of a village. Asif, Lean, barren (soil). 
Grieved, indignant, angry. 

A A>\i*«\ isfas, (v. n. 4 ofyuii or ,^**») Sweep- 
ing away the dust (wind). Carrying away earth. 
Hurrying on to levity and fickleness. Injuring, 
ruining, destroying. Running away (a camel) 
Purehasinga swift mule. Losingitsdown (a thistle). 
Losing flesh (a camel). Having a strong beard 
(corn). Choosing. Becoming light, silly, and 
senseless. Usafas, (pi. of i gv>j) asif) Grieved. 

p.^\siM\asfabu7;A city founded by N ushirwan. 

A _la**>^ isfah, (v. n. 4 of A-») Being free from 
risk, secure from danger. Making (a horse) run 
without laying any stakes. 

A iili*u\ isfdd,(v.nAo{ SSiMt) Causing (goats, 
camels, kine, birds, or wild beasts) to generate. 

AjU«*\a«/'ar, Travellers, (pi. of jLttsafi-) Files 
(for polishing), (pi. of^^n-* sifr) Books, volumes, 
(pi. of ij** safar) Journeys, travels. Isfar, (v. n. 
4 ofji^rt) Breaking (like the morning), shining, 
becoming light, bright, or splendid. Putting a 
leathern or iron curb across (a camel's nose). En- 
tering on the brightness of the morning. Losing 
its leaf, having it carried away (a tree). Raging 
(war). Feeding camels on dried leaves. Going 
about where they like (camels). 

v\iLu>\ isfar, Myrtle. 

A j%:j ,\i*rt^ isfarayniy, A native of Isfarain. 

A i»U«»\o.«/a#,(pl. oflaa*>»)Chests, boxes, sacks. 

A ^Ia-.^ isfaf, (v. n. 4 of CUm) Weaving, 
platting (palm-leaves). Looking intently at any 

( 89 ) 

object. Flying low (a cloud, or a bird). Attending 
to the minutiae of things. Having the face bespat- 
tered. Conquering, overcoming. Being changed, 
altered (the face). Lowering (his) head with in- 
tent to bite (a stallion). Pouring medicine into a 
wound. Engaging in mean pursuits. Running 
away, absconding. Giving (a camel) dry food. 
Putting the bit into (a horse's) mouth. 

A jIam»\ isfak, (v. n. 4 of Jji«») Shutting (a 
door). Opening (a door). 

G ^IJli-rfl isfanaj, (or ^Uli**^) Spinage. 

Pjoliiwi asfamhur. Name of a city. 

A i\SMi\ isfah, (v. n. 4 of sSun) Causing one to 
drink much without quenching the thiret. 

p «jlfl*ul asifta, A fire-brand, quenched brand. 

p S4\Am>I asMfda, Prompt, ready. 

G -SJlmS isjiraj, Asparagus. 

p ^^}SLM\rsfa7'ayin,'Na,nie of a city inKhurasan. 

A i^uti\ asfirat, (pi. of jla«« sifai-) Curbs of 
leather or iron across the noses of camels. 

p i^AtMSLM\ asfrasb, orc-A***;^*"' A race-course. 

V jkJiM>\ isfar am, Myrtle: any odoriferous plant. 

p :f_^^ isfara.nj, (orii,^J;a.*»\ isfarang) Name 
of a district in Samarcand. 

p iSi|ji«j\ isfarud, The bird called uai* liata in 
Arabic, one of the tetraonidse, or grouse family. 

p d<...aM>\ isfist or usfust, A medicinal plant. 

p ,_^*»fl*u\ isfsti, Abounding in C*.i.g.»l isfst. 

A xAm\ asfa^, A hawk. A wild bull. Black. 
Black inclining to red. Sheep ready to be milked. 

A (Ja*»»\ asfal. Lower, lowest. (JjJjImJ ^^S^Mt\ 
asfalu safiUna, The lowest of the low, the most in- 
famous. Old age. Destruction, ruin. Vain, use- 
less. Error, a devious road. 

A aMjmS isfilanj. Goat's beard (a shrub). 

G 2rufl*u\ isfnaj, Spinage. p 
finaji rumi, Orach. 



G 2-a*u\ isfanj, A sponge. A kind of dumpling. 

p &S. isfanja, A sponge. 

p iJd>ai.u^ isfand, A species of rue. Name of a 
province of NTshabur. Name of the twelfth month. 
ii>:AM*l iXiaMj) isfandi isfed, White mustard-seed. 

A i^kui\ isfand or isfind, Wine. 

p jw*.^ jJLfl»i\ isfanda.7-muz, Name of the twelfth 
month of the solar year. Name of the fifth day of 
every month. Name of the angel who presides 
over the twelfth month. The earth. 

p i»<ijji..M\ isfandmuz. Name of the third of the 
five intercalary days used in olden time. 

PjU<iJiAo\ isfandyar. The son of Gushtasp, of 
the first dynasty of Persian kings. Name of the 
genius who presides over the day and the month 
jljiiftArt^ isfandcir. Divine power and goodness. 

A ia.'>fl,M»\ isjiiit, A kind of wine. 

A iSM»\ asfah, More or most foolish. 

p ijj>ya*u\ isfah-bud, A general, a commander- 
in-chief. A title of the kings of Persia. 

P 1>j^ liXf^uoS isfahhud khmara, Speech. 

Pj^L».^a*i»\ «',s/aA-.saZar,Commanderofan army. 

A i_JiM>\ asfa'. Slow-paced (according to some), 
swift-paced (mule). (A horse) thin of hair about 
the fore-locks. Asafa', Safi, a town in Morocco. 

p i^\it^'i.sfijdb. Name of acity in Turkistan. 

p Jua**>\ isfed, White, bright, splendid. 

p —liJjiflAul isfeddj. White water, ceruse, a paint 
used by women. i^j\to\JaM ^\sJum\ isfeddju 'I 
jassdmn, Shell-lime. 

p i^\ioJA C)\ \^ M»\ isfedddu 'r rasas, Whiting. 

vJiit^pLuA isfeddr. The white poplar; the aspen. 

p UA.»a«j\ isfed-bd, (or -\>Mm>\ isfed-bq)) A 
kind of dish made of meat, onions, butter, cheese, 
&c., or of bread and milk. 

p iJLtMiii X^S Li A isfed dasht, Name of a village. 

A _liX;a«>^ i.fizdj, (from p ^^SsJutA) Whiting. 

G ^j^yJiuA isfayvsh, Seed of flea-wort. 

A ^\iLu\ iskds, (v. n. 4 of ^Juu) Watering, giv- 
ingdrink. Sendingrain. Directing, guiding to water. 
Wishing well, saying &\ L^y^iut sahdka' Hah, May 
God water thee ! Bestowing a ready-made water- 
bottle, or a skin to be used as such. Defaming. 

A (_.^Ia«»\ ishab, (v. n. 4 of i__*a»*») Being near. 
Bringing near. 

A i.>liL»»\ iskdd, (v. n. 4 of i^Sum) Extenuating, 
emaciating (a fat horse). 

AjlL*>\ iskdr, (v. n. 4 ofja«») Distilling jfl*>» 
sakr (a date-tree). 

A ijlL*>\ asJtdt, (pi. oii nitM sakat) Goods, fur- 
niture of little value. The meanest sorts of utensils. 
Iskdt, (v. n. 4 of JaS*»») Causing to fall, dropping, 
letting fall. Shedding (a tooth). Endeavouring to 
make (any one) blunder, lie, or blab. Casting her 
young (a camel). Producing an abortion. Com- 
mitting a blunder in writing or speaking. Repent- 
ing ; being confounded. Taking away. IjULwI 
sS:>-'y\iskdtu'l ajintiat,The producing of abortions. 

A eliL*»l iskdf, (v. n. 4 of fii*«») Being changed 

G jla*»»U'«Aa/, A squill. Awildonion,ascallion. 

A jj^lJL*>\ askdldn, Askelon in Palestine, 

A j»liL*)\ askdm, (pi. of ^•Lm sakam) Diseases, 
infirmities. Iskdm, (v. n. 4 of *'a*»>) Making sick. 

A JO VL*>\ a^AttM, Extenuated, lank sides. Iskdn, 
(v. n. 4 of f^^i-u>) Polishing (a sword). 

A i_i«'o'i»\ ashub, (pi. of ) ■'"'■■' sakb) Male foe- 
tuses (of camels). 

A Au>\ askah. Bald. 

A ^j jWi it A uskutra'. The island of Socotra. 

A «L*»\ aska^ (pi. «J'U*»1 asdkif) A small 
greenish bird with a white head. A horse or birtl 
with a white head. 

A I— fla«*\ai7ja^,Tall,large^boned(man). Bare, 
hairless (camel). Long and crooked-necked (os- 
trich). Crooked. Meal, flour. Uskuf, (or uskujf) 
(pi. i_ai'L»»\ asdkif or &ai"Ui) asdkifat) A bishop. 


A 'iSasLut\uskufii/at, Episcop&cy. A bishopric. 
G (_yiL*»^ askal, Squills, 
o (^_^IjJiLjj1 askalhiyas, The plant asclepias. 
G (j-laJjUol ishaltas, Jew's-pitch. 
p mJLL^^ iskimba, Satan. 
G j^aJLul iskankur, Theskink (a kind of lizard). 
O (ot?.'^.j*^^ uskurdiyun, Germander(a plant). 
G (ojj^S*«^ ushurun, Dross ofmetal, iron-scoria. 
G y^Ljj^ usliulu, The sea-cow. 
G {^yi^^uu\ -ushulus, Glue, starch. 
G (jOjJi-x-i»5^fl«»i ukvlufandariyun, Sclopen- 
drium, hart's tongue. 

askiyat, (pi. of >lfl*<» siha/) Leathern 

water-bottles. (pl.of|_^L««/e?/)Fullofwater. Par- 
ticles of water, (pi. of ,^«<» saMy) Watery clouds. 
G (J,.S«)\ iskil, A wild onion, a scallion. 
p LiLul asah, A place near (o^ *jl arrajan. 
V ijliol isk or ask, A courier. A post-horse. 
A ci)u«»\ asakk, Small-eared, or destitute of 
ears. Deaf. (pi. tiJu*» sukk) A male ostrich. A 
male ostrich with a looseness in the belly. 

A (_->l5Li»l (A7(a?j, A shoemaker. A blacksmith. 
A 6jl5kj»»\ ishahaffThe stopple of a leathern bottle. 
A Cj\xui\ anhat, A wandering soldier. A stroll- 
ing, dissolute fellow. The remains of a thing. The 
temperate season after the heat of summer. Iskat, 
(v. n. 4 of tll*X«*») Pacifying, soothing, silencing. 
Breaking off a discourse, ceasing to speak. 

A «!>li»*>l iskatat, (v. n. of C.'V**') Being silent. 
Aj\5s*u\ iskdr, (v. n. 4 of Sjm) Intoxicating. 
A L_ilx«»»l Maf, (v. n. 4 of i_iiv<») Being a 
shoemaker,or a mechanic in general, (pi. i_aAi U*>1 
nsahifoT afli \*<»' asakifai) A shoemaker. A work- 
man, mechanic, carpenter, or blacksmith. Clever 
at any thing. Wine-dregs or lees. 

A (jl>jj*\ askal, Sorts of large black fish. 
ful, imaginative. 

A (jlX«»l askan, (pi. of ^jUm sakn) Victuals, 
aliments. Iskan, (v.n.4of (^jXmj) Giving repose. 
Stilling, quieting. Making (a letter)quiescent, de- 
priving it of a vowel. Causing one to stay, re- 
main, continue to dwell, giving house-room. Mak- 
ing poor, miserable, or contemptible. Becoming so. 
p «jli»«\ iskana. The calf of the leg. 
p i^3jIx.m1 askawand, A mountain in SIstan. 
A &jk\M>l uskubhat. The threshold of a door. 
A f^^CXut\askatanioriskatani,(A\i&\) (pi ■ ■*\..-\ 
isk, ask, or isak) The two lips or sides of the matrix. 
Pj'iiXjj\ askudar, ushudar, or iskudar, A cou- 
rier, a postman. A relay of post-horses or letter- 
carriers. A postman's bag. Name of a king, 
p (jiij^i askardan. To bruise, to grind. 
P ^J^SmA iskirh, The hiccough, 
p tJ^MiS ushara or uskarra,A saucer,platter, dish. 

A I i^\ askaf, A shoemaker. 

A Cji^m\ ushuff. The extremity of the lower 

( 90 ) 

eyelid, from which the hairs grow. 
A &axm>\ uskxiffat, A threshold. 
A j^jX>*»\a«^aw,Moreormost quiet,placid,gentle. 
(jiiaJJ ^^^^ askanu li'l futash. Better or best 
quencher of thirst. 

p S^Mt\ askanj. Fetid breath, 
p iN.^Xm>) askand, A rope-dancer. Rope-dancing, 
p jj)iij;5>*«\ askandan, A lock. A tomb-stone. 
QjS^>M>\ iskandar or askandar, Alexander. 
Alexander is said to be the son of Uii dara, who 
married S^Xi nahtd, daughter of (^j^^sLi filhns. 
On account of her fetid breath, her husband sent 
her back to her father, who cured her by the use of 
f^jj6.AM>\ hkandar'us, Garlic. Hence she gave to 
her son, when born, the name of Alexander. 
A ^^J>A*«1 iskandaramy, Alexandrian. 
G (_)<*jji>>j5Lu»\ iskandarus, Garlic. Name of 
the mother or son of Alexander. 

A j^jjJJii«»l iskandarun, Alexandria or Alex- 
andretta, near Aleppo in Syria (Scanderoon). 
A (_fjiJJx»»»\ iskandany, Alexandrian. 
A &?j JiAnol iskandanyat, Alexandria in Egypt. 
Sixteen cities of this name are ascribed to Alexander. 
p i^\^M\\ iskinak, A wimble, an auger. 
pJAJuS (_)« I a.s-&«wam)?a,Revolving mill-wheel, 
p &1Xm>1 iskana. An auger. 
Tj)jX*u\ askrcar, Scutari (in Turkey). 
A i^i^mA uskuh. Lightning flashing on the sur- 
face of the earth. A row of palm-trees. A shoe- 
maker. A continued rain. A blacksmith. Flow- 
ing, current (water). 

A io^Xtoi usknbat, A stopple, a plug. 
A i_J^5w)l uskuf, A shoemaker, 
p Ui*»>i iskiz, (or JJjik*«\) A kick, caper, bound. 
V XmA usgur, A porcupine. 
p (oj^*" I as(7S«,TheCaspian. Name of a country. 
A ^yM>^ asal, A bulrush. A tree having long 
prickles. A prickle, thorn, point of a spear, or ear 
of com. Spears, arrows, prickles of palm-trees. 
Leafless branches of which mats are made. 

A -siLui aslas, (pi. of 5Ja*» sala') Membranes 

enveloping the foetus in the womb, secundines. Js- 

las, (v. n. 4 of ^L<» for jL*>) Consoling, comforting: 

causing to forget. Being secure from wild beasts. 

A L-.)^Lwi^ asldb, (pi. of (_.A^ salab) Spoils. 

Islab, (v. n. 4of i_-A»«) Losing leaves or fruit (tree). 

A _^L«>1 /«/a/t,(v.n.4of Jjiw) Causing to mute. 

A (_ju^L*»\ islas, (v. n. 4 of u<«i**») Producing 

an abortion (a camel). Having the roots of its 

branches torn up or laid bare (a palm-tree). 

A c^Lm\ asla^ (pi. of *L>» silf) Fissures in 
mountains. Similes, similitudes. Alike, equals. 
(wjiJl c^L*>\ asldfu'l faras. The flesh adhering 
to the muscle running from the thigh to the heel 
in a horse that is fat. Isldf, (v. n. 4 of *L*») Re- 
ceiving a blow, or cut, or fracture on the head. 
A I i"^] asldf, (pi. of i_aL« silf) The hus- 


bands of a man's wife's sisters, (pi. of i_jiu«> sa- 
laf) Ancestors, remote or ancient kindred. Islaf, 
(v. n. 4 of i_fl)u*») Attaining the age of forty-five 
(a woman). Paying before due, or in advance. 
Levelling (ground) for sowing. 

A j5)-*>^ asldk, (pi. of wiL* salkai) Plain level 
grounds, of good soil. Isldk, (v. n. 4 of JjLu) Pass- 
insr a stick through the handles of two sacks for 
the conveniency of carriage. Hunting a she-wolf. 
A til^Lo^ asldh, (pi. of SiJ— silkat) Sewing 
threads. Isldk, (v. n. 4 of LilL*») Inserting one 
thing into another. Causing (one) to thread his 
way. Thrusting (one's hand into one's bosom). 

A JiLw\ asldl, (pi. of XLu sallat) Canisters or 
wardrobes in which victuals or clothes are kept. 
Isldl, (v. n. 4 of J*»>) Extracting, drawing out 
gently. Visiting with consumption. Bribing. Apre- 
sent for the purpose of corruption andbribery. Theft. 
A *^L»»1 asldm, (pi. of Jjm silm) Those who cul- 
tivate peace and friendship. (pi. of jXm salam) 
Certain thorny trees. JsZam, (v. n. 4 of Jgi«) Pay- 
ing in advance. Producing the tree Jj-j salam. 
Yielding obedience to the will of God, submitting, 
humbling one's self, surrendering or resigning one's 
self to the divine disposal. Embracing the religion 
of Muhammad, turning Musulman : conversion to 
the Muhammadan faith. The true or orthodox 
faith among the Muhammadans. A country in 
which Muhammadism reigns. Being in health, 
peace, and safety. Escaping, becoming free. De- 
ceiving, betraying, abandoning. (»^L«\ ^\ahlu'l 
islam. The faithful, true believers, Muhammadans. 

T J^x«5L<»l /i'ZamiSZori^/aJH&o/jConstantinople. 

A "^iL*»\ isldniiy. Faithful, orthodox. A Mu- 
hammadan, an Ottoman. «Xc^L*»' (•ii»-\ ahkdmi 
isldmiya, Precepts of religion. «XciL*>^ i.iwW ma- 
mdliki isldmiya. The Ottoman Empire. 

A 'iXuA asalat, A bulrush. Any straight tree 
or stick. The tip (of the tongue or elbow). The 
point (of a spear or thorn). The sharp-pointed 
toe of a shoe. The pizzle (of a bull or camel). 

A tIl*L*j^ aslat, One whose nose has been cut ofl\ 

A L_>Ls^^ islihbdb, (v. n. 4 of c-**^ Q) Be- 
ing straight, open, and extended (a road). 


A ji«»\ aslakk, Bald-headed. Very red. 

A «.\jc**' islikhdkh, A lying on one's side. 

A \x\m>\ aslat. More or most eloquent. 

A jA»*>i aslat. Cracked in the hoof. Leprous. 

A j^^\ aslagk, Hard tough flesh of old cattle, 
unfit for cooking. Raw, exceedingly red. Leprous. 
Vile, abject, mean, soi-did. 

A (_jUiL*>\ isligkhdb, (v. n. 4 of s^^'^ut Q) 
Producing feathers (a bird). 

A i_fll*ul asluf, (pi. of i^l>» salf) Large wal- 
lets. Undressed leathers. 

A Aiol aslam, More or most mild. Aslum, (pi. 

of Am salm) One-handled buckets, 
p j^J^i aslanj, Horse-tail (a plant). 

A •J'Uajii.ui islintas, (v. n. 3 of \la)u*» Q) Raising 
one's self up to look at any thing. 

A _\iaJu-\ islintah, (v. n. 3 of JaL» Q) Fall- 
ing on the face. Being wide (a valley). 

A cUaJiwjl islinta^, A lying on one's back. 
I A ^ULLo\ islinkat, A lying on one's back. 

A clii-»\ islinkat, (v. n. 3 of xSLo Q) Flash- 
ing, glaring (lightning). Becoming heated by 
the sun (gravel). 

F i_.JjL»>^ uslub, A kind of food. Name of a 
sage and a king. 

A u-'jLu^ uslub, (pi. t—oJLu^ asalib) Order, 
way, mode, means, measure, manner, method, form. 
A lion's neck. A prominence of nose. 

A bjLul usluhan Methodically. 

A isijLrtl uslufatfThe relationship which a man 
bears to another who has married his wife's sister. 

A (— .>lji^L«l islihbab, (v. n. 4 of t_^i^Ju*i Q) Be- 
ing long in the body and stretching out (a horse). 

A ^l»^L*>) isUhmam, (v. n. 4 of ,»{)-*» Q) Chang- 
ing (colour or smell). 

A ^JJ*»' asUy, Pronounced, or formed by the 
tip of the tongue. 

A 'iSuJi axliMit, (pi. of >5L»» sild^) Melted but- 
ters (of cow's milk). 

A ^sSj-»i islih, A species of herb, the feeding on 

fich increases the milk of camels. 
A •^^\ isUJih, Name of a plant. 
o j^jftjj*>\ ulikun, Vermilion, red lead. 
P i_cij»'i isTimi, A species of painting. 
A M*t\ ism or usm, (pi. -^l**-! asiyiat, O^jlv^l 
asmawat, ^l-»^ asaniiy, j_^l«»\ asdnii, and .U.* ! 
dsdm) A name. A noun. 2as\ mm\ hmi afzam, 
<"■ (•i^**' (•**»' i^'ni ^zhn, The great name, the name 
of God. The greatnames or attributes of theDeity 
are 100, of which the following five are most gene- 
rally made use of: &\ alldh, (the He), (j^^ rah- 
man, (merciful), jls-j raJnm, (compassionate), 
ul^ rabb, (Lord), (^l« mdlik, (King). ^\ 
A^^Xm)) ismi iitifham, An interrogative particle. 
OjLi»\ j,im\ isvii ishdrat, A demonstrative pro- 
noun. Cl*i I ^^ ismi dlat, Noun of instrument. 
,«»-~* b j,tt>\ ismi bd musamma', Worthy of the 
name (it bears), whose name is expressive of its 
qualities. l\i ^\ ismi tdmm, A perfect noun. 
j , <«» a> ^\ ismi tasghir, A diminutive noun. ^**»1 
Jjya_a_) ixmi tafzil, A comparative or a superla- 
tive noun. iiw«lj>- _*u\ ismi jdmid, A primitive 
noun. *^ j,ut\ isini jam^, The plural number. 
^J»i»- ^\ iimijins, A generic or appellative noun. 
yUj ^\ ijsmi zamdn, Adverb of time. ^^ ^^ 
i»mi sdrni, A noble or exalted name. «Av>^ ^^ 
ismi zamir, A pronoun. '^Jyo _«*»l ismi zarf, 
Adverb of time and place. liJ^ ^\ ismi fctdad, 
A noun of number. ,J*'8 *«<»^ ismi fdnl, Noun 

( 91 ) 

of agency. ,_y*j j^ ismiji^, A verbal noun. ^ 
Cj^ ismi kasrat, Noun of multitude. ««!buc ^»»» 


im« mubdlagha, Noun of excess, or intensity. 
ij» ismi marra, Noim of unity : as, XiJje hu^'dat, 
A single sitting, jpl* j.*u\ ismi mushtakk, A 
derivative noun. ji>yia* ^1 wm« masda/', Noun 
of action. jmjO/c ^\ wmt musaghgJiar, A dimi- 
nutive noun. I sufl/o ^\ wmt muzdf, A noun in 

construction, ^i** ^1 i,smi mavnd! , An abstract 
noun. Jj«i/« ^\ jA-mi maf^l, The passive par 

ticiple. (__Jjl»« _*k>i ?'«w« mawrif, A determinate 
noun. (J a-* ^\ iswi mahdn, Noun of place. ^1 

^y^AiC ismi mansub, A relative noun. 


*-)y*^ MTOt mawsul, A relative pronoun, sio ^j«»\ 
ismi nahra, An indeterminate noun. c»i ^) /swii 
wan.'^, A specific noun : as, 'iS:S hitbat, The art of 

writing, i a<Oj ^\ ««mj Tyos/", An adjective, j^ 

Is-j ismi ?y?'sa. Noun of the vessel : as, (_Ji^ ??M7t- 
Za&, A milk-pail, (from (— *li>- halaba, He milked). 

A |»««»i asamm, Narrow-nostriled (nose). 

A ^U«AJi asmds, (for ^l»*«»j) A woman's name. 

A >l»*>»i asmds, (pi. of i^mjI ism for^v»» suviw) 
Names, (juil ^\v*»\ asmdsi affdl, Verbal nouns. 
C« B « ff >l»j*»^ asmdA sifat. The names or attributes 
of God. l»j^) Jp s//??m! asTOa, The knowledge of 
names, i. e. of the attributes of God. Ismdf, (v. n. 
4 of lv>** for _j*»*») Naming, calling. Raising up. 
Going towards, taking the road to 'i.l»*») samdwat, 

A _U*u\ ismdh, (v. n. 4 of >►*»») Being easy, 
submissive, obedient, pliant, governable. Being 
generous, liberal, and humane. 

p jl»*«> I a«??iar,(or,Vv*»^?«»iar) The myrtle-tree. 

Ajl»*u\ asmd?; (pi. of jv*» samar) Nocturnal 
conversations, evening entertainments, stories. Is- 
mdr, (v. n. 4 of jv*») Nailing. 

A l»l»*»>\ asmdt, Unbranded (camel), (pi. of 
K jkvj) samit) Single or thin breeches, not stuifed 
or lined with cotton, &c. Single shoes, slippers, or 
sandals. Ismdt, (v. n. 4 of lav*») Keeping silence. 

A cl»«>^ asmd^, (pi. of *v*» sam^ The ears. 
Ismdf, (v. n. 4 of J**") Causing to hear, relating. 
Reproaching, reviling. Accepting, approving. 
Putting a handle (to a bucket or basket for draw- 
ing up earth). Singing. 

A clv*>l issimd^, (v. n. 8 of *»*») Listening. 

A JjjC-l»*«\ ismd^l, Ishmaeljwhom the Muham- 
madans believe to have been the intended victim, 
and not Isaac. 

A &aL5-\v*»^ ismd^iliyat. Name of a sect. 

A JL»*«>1 asmdl. Old, worn-out (garment). Is- 
mdl, (v. n. 4 of (3**^) Making peace, composing dif- 
ferences. Being old and worn out (a garment). 

p (^U*"l a«TOa«, Heaven, the celestial orb. The 
ceil ing of a house. Name of a genius who presides 
over the 27th day of every Persian solar month. 
Some consider this genius to be the same with 
Murdad or A8rael,the angel of death. ^j>.^ ^o^V I 

dsmdni bartn. The ninth or uppermost heaven. 
(jW-'Jj J (^'-»*"t dsmdn u rismdn, A proverbial 
expression employed to denote an evasive or im- 
pertinent reply. ^JUJ^^ ^^l,^ j\ ^J■.^ dsmdn 
az rismdn na ddnistan, (a proverbial expression, 
denoting) A total want of discrimination. 

A j^\.*>*»i asmdn. Old, worn-out breeches. Is- 
WMTi, (v. n.4 of (j*u») Buttering (any thing, as bread 
or meat). Possessing, buying, or giving away, fat 
(cattle). Abounding in butter. Bemg naturally fat. 

p '^yfi. (jWw* t dsmdrwpaywand, Sky-reaching. 

p (j,^l»*»»l dsmdnjUm, A sapphire, hyacinth. 

p »jiiJlv>*> I a«?«aw-£?ara,The galaxy, milky way. 

p iS*s.>n (oU**»t dsmdn-sifat, Heaven-like. 

P^ (jU*"! a*"waM-^ir, (Catching or intercept- 
ing the sky) A projecting roof. An arbour, a bower. 

p eolvJ* I dsmdna, A ceiling, roof. 

p ^^U<*»la.';»?iaMl,Heavenly. Azure,hyacinthine. 

T^ji? (jU*" I dsmdrii-tir, A meteor, a falling star. 

p (jUj ^l»M» I dsmdni-zdbdn, The language of 
angels. Angel-tongued, eloquent. 

A Oljlv*!*^ asmdmdt, (pi. of wj*i Mm) Names. 

A ^-»**>' asmah. More liberal. Easier, easiest. 

A ii^i3>v*»l ismiddd, A swelling with rage. 

Aj),Jkv*»l ismidrdr, (v. n. 4 of jiW*> Q) Being 
weak (the sight). 

Aj^ui\ asmar, Brown,tawny,dusky. Does" milk. 

aSj^uA ismirdr, The being of a tawny colour. 

A (oV*»^ asmardni, (dual. The two browns) 
Wheat and water. Water and a spear. 

A HVit««>) asmitat, (pi. of )o\^m sumdt) Tables 
covered with viands. 

A x-^uA asmaf. More or most quick of hearing. 
More or most proper, agreeable, or worthy of be- 
ing heard. Asmuf, (pi. of x«m> samf) Ears. 

A t>) Jix»**>^ ismi^ddd, (v. n. 4 of J>xv>«> Q) Being 
filled (with rage). Swelling (the tips of the fingers). 

A Jjk3fc»*«»l ismapl, Ishmael, son of Abraham. 

A j1 i3>i,*«>\ ismighddd, (v. n. 4 of jJsv** Q) Being 
in a rage. Swelling (the tips of the fingers). 

A 'ssi.,M>\ asmihat. Pieces of wood on which 
bricks fresh from the mould are laid to dry. 

A (jv-*^ asman. More or most fat, jolly, plump, 
gross, lusty. Asmun, (pi. of (^^♦m* samii) Butters. 

p jJkv>»l dsmand. Lying. Bewildered, fright- 
ened, confounded. 

p iiJL»w>\ asmand, A village near Samarcand. 

p J Javu>\ asTnandar, A salamander. 

o \uiy^tti\asmiisd, Sort of marjoram: wild carrot. 

p s.^v>»» t dsmugh, Name of a demon, one of the 
principal emissaries ofAhraman (the devil), ac- 
cording to the system of the Magi. His employ- 
ment is to sow discords in families, law-suits among 
neighbours, and wars between princes. 

A ij\ii,^v*»^ ismihddd, (v. n. 4 of S^^m Q) Be- 
ing large (a camel's bunch). 

Aj^^^v^^ ismihrdr, (v. n. 3 oij^^m Q) Becom- 

ing stiff and dry (a thorn). Being even and straight. 
Being thick (darkness). 

A j_5-»**»^ ismli/, Nominal. 

A 'i-x^^ttiSasmiyat, (pi. of ^U^) Heavens. Rains. 

A iii»M»^ ismlyat,T\\e state or condition of a noun. 

A o\4XJLvw>\ ismtddd, A swelling with rage. 

A j\^c»*»»^ ismtrar, The being of a tawny colour. 

A J^lv*»\ ismislal, (v. n. 4 of Jv^ Q) Being 
thin, meagi'e. Being old, worn out (a garment). 

A ^jm] asin, Corrupted, stinking (water). 

A ^^^ am, (v. n. of ^^^) Kicking the backside. 

Pj^\a«aH, A garmentturned. An unripe melon. 

A ^^jmS man, (v. n. of j^^) Fainting on going 
into a well or reservoir, being affected by foul air 
oi- any noxious effluvia. Asin, Affected by the 
foul air of a noisome pit, drain, or sewer. Cor- 
rupted, stinking water. Usun, (pi. j^U»» I asan) 
Disposition, temper, habit, mode of living. Name 
of a valley in Arabia. Uszin, isn, or '^^\ tisumi, 
(pi. jjUu I dawi) A single rope or thong, with seve- 
ral of which twisted together they make bridles or 
haltei-s. Remains of fat (on an animal). 

A I^^mS asann, Of a more advanced age, older. 
Large-toothed. Astinn, (pi. of ^j**» simi) Teeth. 

A -^U***! isndi, (v. n. 4 of ,_^) Exalting, rais- 
ing. Remaining a whole year at any place. Suf- 
fering from the barrenness or inclemency of a sea- 
son. Entering a house, falling on the earth, or 
flying on a cloud (the lightning's flash). 

A CjUu«\ undt, A suffering from scarcity. 

A «;.Vxu»\ asndkh, Roots of the teeth. 

A iJUm*! asnad, The steepness or declivity of a 
mountain. (pi. of JJuj* sanad) Striped stuffs. 
■I Credentials. Vouchers,' warrants. A Isndd, (v. 
n. 4of t>ji*»») Causing to lean. Imputing, attributing. 
Alleging; an allegation on theauthority of another. 
Carrying up or tracing back a thing spoken to the 
person who first said it. Ascending a mountain. 
Causing to ascend a mountain. The steepness or 
declivity of a mountain. 

A I^Uum) asnat, (pi. of IjHm*) Beardless youths. 

A e,\xui\ asndf, (pi. of xi*« sm*) Ankle or pas- 
tern-joints. Wrist-joints. Joints connecting the 
fingers and wrists. Jsndf, (v. n. 4 of jJu*») Being 
lame in the pastern. Being tall and handsome. 
Begetting handsome children. 

A ^lju*>^ isnaf, (v. n. 4 of t_fli*u) Putting on 

the girth called ( JU«*» si7iaf. Doing (business) 

well. Outstripping in a race (a mare). Taking the 
lead of othei's( a she-camel). Out-stretching his neck 
in travelling (a camel). Blowing hard, raising dust 
(wind). Appearing near (lightning or a cloud). 

A jUui*^ isndk, (v.n. 4of ^i«») Elating, puff- 
ing up, pampering, filling (riches). 

A JJmA a«wam. Camels' bunches. Isndm,(v.n. 
4 of (Jwu*) Raising up (smoke or blaze). Giving (a 
camel) a high bunch (fodder). The fruit of the 

( 92 ) 

plant \>J»- hulayya'. 

A ^JjM^ asndn, (pi. of ^^ sinn) Teeth. Ages, 
periods of life, p j'i j (<^ ^jUu*>\ asnani st u du. 
The two and thirty teeth. A Isndn, (v. n. 4 of ^^jm) 
Being advanced in years. Shooting forth (the ca- 
mel's tooth called (j-J.<i««*» sadis). Breeding teeth. 
Having large teeth. Making (the teeth) gi-ow. 

A |||3Ua*»\ isndsly. Of the town of Isna. 

A iLjuM^ asinnat, (pi. of ^^ sinn) Teeth, (pi. 
of (o^J***» sindn) Points of spears, halberds, lances, 
javelins, or arrows. 

p j^lX»Jiji*» I dsinistdn, {^^ V j^jmS asnistdn or 
^j\:l..,. V m ) \ asinisittdn) Wamik's wife's father. 

A x^\ asnaf. Long, tall. Longer. Better. 

x'^MiSamimat, (pi. of |«li**>) Camels' bunches. 

A ^**«i asna% More or most high, or sublime. 
Isna' or usna', Name of a town in Upper Egypt. 

AyuS asw, (v.n. ofl«»^ for^^) Curing, healing, 
composing differences. 

p yu>\ asu, A part, side. TJsu, Robbery, seizure. 

A ^1 asurv, (pi. &A*»1 ) A medicine, remedy. 

A f-yM\ aswas. Ugly, ill-favoured. Offensive. 
More or most disagreeable, ugly, oroffensive. 

A Ayu\ aswdf, (pi. oiAyu sawds) Equals. Is- 
rods, (v.n.4 of lj*«) Neglecting, abandoning, (v.n. 
4 of c?j*") Making equal, even, or level. Being 
on a par with a boy in temper or disposition. For- 
nicating. Being dishonoured, disgraced. Falling 
into trouble. Inserting completely one thing into 
another. Rejecting a letter from the Kur'an. Neg- 
lecting, slighting, leaving, forsaking. 

A j)j*«»\ iswdd, (v. n. of liUw for iiy*») Beget- 
ting a prince. Begetting a black child. 

p\yM\ asmdr, A horseman. A soldier who 
fights with a hatchet or mace. Name of a town 
in Upper Egypt. 

A\yj»\ aswdr, (pi. ot jyjt sHr) Walls of a city. 
Iswdr or nswdr, (pi. .jL*>\ asdwir, and S, «U»»\ asd- 
tmraf) A groom skilled in horsemanship, sitting 
well on horse-back. A captain or leader amongst 
the Persians. A darter of javelins, one skilful in 
hurling the javelin. Usivdr, (pi. 'ijyu\ aswirat, 
jjLol asdwir, and ijjUrt^ asdmirat), A bracelet. 

p ^_fJ\yM\ asndri, A mode of warfare with 
hatchets and maces. 

A Isiywi aswdt, (pi. of l>jjj*) Scourges, whips. 

A f\yuA iswdf, (v. n.4 of cU*) for «.^) Moving, 
departing from hour to hour. Delaying an hour. 
Having a priapism and seminal effusion. Drawing, 
unsheathing (an ass). 

A s.\j*»>^ iswdgh, (v. n. 4 of c,li*» for cj*«») Being 
bom with. Being born after. 

A u-j\j*ui'a/«sw;a/',NameofaplaceinMadina. 

A j\^^ asn-dk, (pi. of ^yMSuk) Streets, mar- 
ket-places, squares, open places. 

A (j\j^^ asn-dn. Sad, afflicted, grieved. Uswdn, 
Name of a town in Egypt (Syene). 

p .by»>^ asHbdr, (in zand and Paz.) A horseman. 

A 8^^ iswat or uswat, (pi. ^_^\isa' or nsa') A 
chief, leader, distinguished man, exemplar. Com- 
fort, whatever alleviates pain. A comforter. 

A iiy^\aswad,'E[ack. Blacker, blackest. More 
or most illustrious or powerful (from i^lut sayyid, 
A lord). More or most liberal. Meeker, meekest. 
The heart's core. A sparrow. A lucky gaming 
arrow (as if black by frequent handling), (pi. 
ii.L*»\ asdmid) A large kind of black serpent. The 
Arabians (other nations being by them calledj.?") 
ahmar, Red). mJ^\ iy»\ asmadu'l hurm. Name 
of a mountain from which they excavate large 
cauldrons of stone. Usud, (pi. of i\«*>\ asad) Lions. 

A ii)iij*»»^ iswiddd, (v. n.9 of iiU*> for i>j*») Being 
black, or dark-coloured. 

A (j\i>y*»^\ al aswaddni, The two blacks, as 
dates and water (being the chief food of the Ara- 
bians). A serpent and a scorpion. 

A 'i^yn\ aswadat. The female large black ser- 
pent. Asmidat, (pi. of Ci\y*» sarvdd) Bodies. UsH- 
dat, (pi. of dM>\ asad) Lions. 

p ^Jyut I dsudagi. Quiet, repose, tranquillity. 

p (j'.Sjj^ 1 dsTulan, To rest. To be satisfied, re- 
freshed, regaled. To die. To quiet, pacify, silence. 
To lose moisture, to dry. 

p Siiyji 1 dsuda. Peaceable, quiet, at rest,asleep. 
iit\\\ J »iJj*»»! dsuda u dzdda. Quiet and free. 

p »i>yw>j\ usuda. Feeling, handling, touching. 

p Jl»- »i>»M»l aA'i<(Za-/ta/, Tranquil. Full, replete. 

p j^\ asrcar, (in zand and Pazand) The day 
before yesterday. 

A ijy^^ aswirat, (pi. of j^_yi»» siwdr or j\y*>' 
uswdr) Bracelets. 

A (^_>uj*«) aswas. Troubled with the disease 
i^jnyu sawas in the buttocks (a horse). 

A iyM^ osjufl^t. Easy in flowing down the throat. 

A i__J^\ asHf, Sad, inclined to melancholy, 
easily affected, prone to grief, tender-hearted. 

A j^*«^ aswak. Long and handsome-legged. 

A |jy»^ assuk, (pi. of jjUu sdk) Legs, shanks. 

A ^jM>\ aswikat, (pi. o{/ii_yti sawik) The meals 
of wheat, barley, and vetches, pounded and fried. 

A (Jj»*>^ asul. Swag-bellied. Low (cloud). 

A 'i^yM\ aswilat, (pi. of (J\jj«» sumI) Questions. 

A (^yi\ usun, (v. n.of ^^1) Becoming naught, 
stinking (water). 

A ^\>,yM\ aswiyds, (pi. of ^y>M sawiy) Right. 
Equal. Entire. 

A ii\ji^.y*»\ iswiddd, The being very black. 

p SMt I dsa. Tillage, sowing. A field ready for 
sowing. Liquorice-root. 

A ^l^\ as-/mj. Colours. Forms, sorts. Is-hds, 
(v. n. 4 of l^-ui for_y^) Constructing a bench. 

A (_^l^\ is-hdb, (v. n. 4 of i—*^) Talking 
much, babbling. Being insatiable in one's desires. 
Sucking the, ewe (a lamb). Giving much. Allow- 


ing (cattle) to pasture without a keeper. Finding 
a stratum of sand when digging for water, digging 
to no purpose. Losing one's senses, changing co- 
lour (from love, fear, disease, or venomous bite). 

A jV*»^ is-had, (v. n. 4 of J^^) Bringing forth 
a child at one throe (a woman). 

Aj^^ is-har,(v.n.i of;^)Ilendering watchful. 
Keeping awake. 

A JV"^ is-hal, (v. n. 4 of J^) Loosening. 
Purging, producing a diarrhoea. Coming to soft 

Iound. Dysentei-y. P ^^y^ JV^^ is-hali khun, 
ifjy*ii JV"^ is-hdli damawi, A bloody flux. 
Ia m\m\ is-ham, (v. n. 4 of ^^) Talking much, 
isting lots. 
I A lijV**^ as-han, Soft sands. 
A iJ>tJ*»\a«-/ia(Z, More or most wideawake, li^' 
\i\j as-hadu rasyan, More heedful or circumspect. 
A {J'j^ as-harani, (dual) The nose and penis. 
Two veins in the eye. Two spermatic vessels. 
A (Jv^^ as-hal, More easy, easier, easiest. 
A *^\ as-hum, (pi. of *jj-» sah7n) Arrows. 
p ^*»T a«I, The wife of a man who has another 
wife, a rival wife. 

A ^d-*I asi, Melancholy, solicitous, sorrowful, 
(pi. sUl»\ umt and >\j^1 isa^) A physician, surgeon. 
A ^*»1 asii/a, (fut. ^j^. yatsa') He was sad. 
A '^\ amj, (v. n. of"(_^\) Keeping, preserving 
(meat)". Am', (v. n. of j^^) Being sorrowful, so- 
licitous. Grief. Isa', (v. n. of j_^0 Applying a 
'remedy. Isd or w«a', (pi. of »j*«\ imat or uswat) 
Chiefs, leaders, exemplars. Comforts, alleviations. 
A ^1 aivy, Healed, cured. TJfiy, Traces or 

mins of a habitation. Utensils of the meanest kind. 

I^ft p Vju«T a$-ya, A mill-stone. (J-»J l?4*"' "*" 
yasi dastl, A hand-mill. \xui\j>-, An ass-mill. 

»p \jm>\ asya, Black, (in zandand Paz.)Abreast 

( 93 ) 

p '• 1 \ju*» I anya-ajan, An iron instrument for 

Etching a mill-stone. 

p u.^\ju»» 1 astyah, (or jlj-*» I asyav) A water-mill. 
A J, i^yx^l asyab! In ah, A mill without water. 

p ^jbljurtl asyahan, A miller. 

A -\m\ asyah, (pi. of >«» sayh) Running 
waters. Striped garments. 

p ^J \juwT asya-zan, A mill-wright. 

p ftij U«jT asya-zana, An iron instrument for 
notching a mill-stone. 

p i^J:.jj» \ju*»l dsya-sanff, A mill-stone. 

A ..JU-*^ asyaf, (pi. of i_%- ««?//) Swords. 
Troops. Auxiliaries, (pi. of i_-flJu*» «/) Shores. 

p ilj^uT asyayar, A mill-wright. A miller. 

p ^_J.^'JuuT (hyarjan, The business of a miller, 
or of a mill-wright. 

A ^J^'^ asyan, Sad, mournful. 

p (_/ftf^T cwift, Trouble, molestation, perturba- 
tion, misery,calamity,wretchednes3, affliction, hurt, 
injurj', damage, loss. Dissension, discord, sedition. 
The shock or concussion of a body of men, press- 

ing upon, struggling, or fighting with one another, 
.lai u>i*«T asib-tiazr, A fatal accident in conse- 
quence of witchcraft. 

A »Jj-»T adyat, (pi. ^_^\j\ aivasi) A female phy- 
sician or surgeon, a woman who circumcises girls. 
A column, large pillar, prop, support, the main- 
beam of a house. Firm, strongly-built (edifice), 
(pi. bU>la6-5ya') Sad, mournful (woman). Nameof 
Pharaoh's wife. (pi. of j-»\ asuiv) Medicines. 
A Sx>m\ usayyid, (dim. of ilj«»^) Blackish. 
A ;]/i>X-»^ usayyi(Ry, Of a blackish colour. 
A joj*\ ash; (pi. AjuA tisara^, ijj^ usara, 
asara\ and ^jJ\ asm') Bound with thongs, 
chained in fetters. A prisoner, captive, bondman. 
Imprisoned. Twisted, folded, entangled(plant). A 
man's name. *^ jw>\ asiri tab^ A sensualist. 
p ^^S^J^'^ aslr hardan, To make prisoner, 
p <^j(^^ asirak, A slice of a melon. 
pj^j^\ afir-gii; Taking prisoners. A slaver. 
A (^_^^ asiri, Captivity, slavery, bondage. 
A (j-A«»^ asis, A substitute, succedaneum, any 
thing used instead of another. Root, foundation. 
A u_AA-»^ ««»/«/, (pl- of 1— ft*^ ^"■yf) Swords. 
A»if, (pi. -*lfl-»^ tisafa^) Grieving, sorrowful. 
Easily affected, prone to grief, tender-hearted. A 
servant, a hired labourer, a mercenary. A slave. 
One that does not fatten. A frail decrepit old man. 
A Jjk-»\ asil, Smooth, even, equal. Taper, long, 
tsii JjlL\ asilu'l khadd, (A horse) having small 
and smooth cheek-bones. 

A jX^\ usaylim, The vein running between the 
little and ring fingers, salvatella. 

P j^iMAasim, (in zandand Paz.) A man of rank. 
AjtM\ itsaymir, Of a duskish colour, 
p «***»! asima, Astonished, amazed, stupefied, 
confused. Dark. 

p iUi> »**>»1 asima-dimagh, Crack-brained. 
A ftix«j\ aidnat, (pi. f^^\ asadn) The thread 
of a bowstring. A leathern thong, with several of 
which, twisted or plaited, they make reins or halters. 
A i^j^jm\ asyus, A stone which produces nitre. 
A powder growing on the top of a stone, like salt. 
Fixt alkaline salt. 

A i»^i->l usyut, Suyiit in Upper Egypt. 
P ^o^JuuT asyun, Stupefied, astonished. Dark, 
p iXuA asiya, Name of Pharoah's wife who 
educated Moses. 

p (_^T ash, Meat, victuals, viands, soup, brotli, 
gruel, pottage. Drinking. Adrinker. ^J^,i^\ 
5A7t?'iac/ta(7a«, Castor (a medicine given to infants), 
(jyj ;_,iT ash puhhtan, To stir up one against ano- 
ther. j>.»i) (jiiT ashi tazmr. Gruel for the sicli. 
^ (_,i.T ashi jaw, Barley-water, water-gruel. ij^\_ 
^\ JJi- ashi hhaUl allah, Pottage of lentils. (_^ 1 
iJJ ashi daldk, Rice-gruel. ^^C)J i^J^ ash har- 
dan, To cook, jjj* u*"' ^*^* mazur. Rice-broth 

given to one convalescent. 

p (^\ ash, when added to a noun ending in 
soft » he, i. e. not sounded, signifies His, him, &c. : 
as, (_)i\ &i\i- hhana ash, His house. 

A (_^1 ash, (or ^J^\ aysh) How ? what ? what 
thing ? for what ? Is it not ? tiUls- {^\ ash ha- 
luha, How's your state ? how do you do ? 

A (J^^ asMi, (v. n. of (_^.\) Rising up against, 
making a commotion, being stimulated to any thing 
bad. Calling out (to a sheep). Petulance, inso- 
lence. Dry bread. 

A >U>^ ashat, The dwarf palm-tree, or a palm- 
tree in general. Name of a place in Mauritania. 
A »^\ji»\asAajaf, Nameofarace inHazramawt. 
IshdMt, (v. n. 4 of Li*) Forcing, compelling. 
A J3bl2>\ ashdbanty. Red, rosy, of a deep red. 
A JoU.) ishdbat, (v. n. 4 of L_jli> for t_*w) 
Making gray (sorrow). Having children who are 
becoming old. Ushdbat, (pi. t_.oU»\ ashdnb) A 
miscellaneous collection, a crowd of people. Wealth 
(whether fairly or villainously,^ acquired). 

A ^U.) ashdji^ ( pi. of ^^ ishja^ The joints 
of the fingers which are next to the hand. 

A _U>\ ishdh or ushdh, (for ^U»j wishdh or 
_U»_j wushdh) A belt or girdle of leather, adorned 
with jewels, worn by ladies round their waists. 

A &i-U»\Ma/ia*,(v.n.4of _U>for ^) Being 
diligent and pereevering in doing any thing. Being 
cautious, guarded. Producing the plant ^M»shth. 

A JJli^ ishddat, (v. n. 4 of jU« for .^Ai•) Rais- 
ing the voice. Ruining, destroying. Giving in- 
formation to the owner of a lost chattel. Referring 
or ascribing (a saying or sentiment). 

A CJ'\JJ^\ Vihdrdt, (pi. of »jU.\) Signs, indices. 
A 'ij\L\ ishdrat, (v. n. 4 of jU. for j^) Ga- 
thering honey,assisting to gather honey. Pointing, 
nodding, beckoning with the hand or eye. Com- 
manding. Exercising (a hoi-se), riding (him) to 
and fro to shew (him) ofi" to a purchaser. Trying, 
proving, turning about (a horee or a female slave). 
Raising (fire). A sign, token, mark, signal, wink, 
nod, or wave with the hand. A note, an asterisk. 
p Oyoj OjUj) ishdrat farmud. He made a sig- 
nal. ^^i^J^ CjX^\ ishdrat hardan. To point out, 
make a sign, hint, intimate. 

A (V,U»^ ashdra' or ushdra', (pi. of (j^^ ash- 
rdn) Lively, sprightly, cheerful, joyous, wanton. 
Aj->J^\ ashdr'ir (pi. oiljSj^S ishrdrat, q.v.) 
A Jl^\ ishsdz, (v. n. 4 of jL-.) Agitating, mak- 
ing uneasy, disquieting. 

A (j^Ui»^ ashdsh, (or ft^Ujl ashdshat) (v. n. of 
(J2,l) Being joyous, cheei-ful, glad. Agility, ala- 
crity, mirth, exultation. Petulance, sauciness. 

A XiU.^ ishdshat, (v. n. 4 of ^JX^ for (jJU^) 
Producing bad dates, not having been properly 
fructified by the male (a palm-tree). 

A 'ijo\jL>\ ishdsat, (v. n. 4 of (_>tfU. for ijeyit) 

Rubbing the teeth up and down, using the denti- 
frice LiJlj*»» sirvak. (v. n. 4 of ^jaLi» for (j«aJuS*) 
Producing the bad dates (.>axii» sltis (a palm-tree). 

A sialyl ishatat, (v. n. 4 of Jali for iaJ^) 
Burning up. Destroying. Burning the bottom of 
a pot. Dividing (meat). Coming in for the last 
portion of a slaughtered camel. Bringing to be 
killed. Striving to compass the death of another. 

A 5kC-li»^ ishafat, (v. n. 4 of cIj*) for XXm) Pub- 
lishing, divulging, diffusing, spreading about or 
abroad. Appointing an attendant, a follower, a 
lielper. Scattering, shooting, squirting urine. 
Calling (to camels) to make (them) stop. 

A ics-lii»l ashdfisat, (or (JL^S-luj^ as/tafw) (Men) 
perplexed in their affairs. 

Ajf\u>\ asha^r, (pi. of\*ii»\ ashfar) Hairs about 
the hoofs of cattle. The lips of a camel's vulva. 

A ftJUoi ishafat, (v. n. 4 of (_jlu* for (_i*M») 
Being at the point of. Fearing. Getting to know. 

A (jU«\ ashafi, (pi. of ^iji>\ ishfa) Cobblers' 
awls. (pi. of Aom shifai) MeAic'mes, remedies. 

p ^jl^l ashak, A boy, a slave. 

A »^U»^ ishakat, (v. n. 4 of td)U. for ti)^) 
Wounding with a thorn. Bearing thorns (a tree). 

A *JU»^ ishalat, (v. n.4 of JU. for Jyi») Lift- 
ing up (a stone). Cocking (her) tail (a camel). 

P *Li»l asham, Potation. Victuals. Water in 
which rice has been boiled. Spare diet. The coun- 
try of Assam, (in comp.) A drinker : as L-j)r^ 
^li»l sharab-asham, A drinker of wine, |»lii>I jfcj 
zakr-asham, Poisoned. Envenomed. *UjI ^o»5>- 
khun-askam,TingeA with blood,bloody,sanguinary . 
j»U«l iSjum shu^a-asham, Burning, inflamed. 

A *\ji>l isJuam, (v. n. 4 of ^U*) Going to Syria. 

A j,\mA ashsam, More or most unfortunate or 
disastrous. The left side. (pi. JU»\ oshaAni) Un- 
lucky. i,\ui\j^jo tanr ashram, An ominous bird. 
s/«U)l to ma ashsamahu, How unfortunate he is ! 

p ^\^\ asham, Food sufficient to support life. 

A iUli»^ ishamat, (v. n. 4 of *Jw*) Entering. 

p 8iiJ**li»I ashdminda, A drinker, a sipper. 

P ^j J>x«Uo I dslidviidan, To drink, to sip. 

P ci*^^ ' dshdmida7it, Any thing drinkable, 
fit to be drunk or sipped : a beverage. 

A Oljlii»l ashawdt, (pi. of ^j_^«/tayj) Things. 

A iij\M\asJidwiz, (pi. of <Jjji»V) Created beings. 

A Ij\m\ ashdwih, (pi. of isLi» shdt) Sheep, (pi. 
of ^^Jti sJiayi) Things. 

A {j<j\^\ askdma', (pi. of ^^JSj shai/j:) Things. 

A ji>U»\ ashdhir, {ovJiXLA ashdhir) The white- 
ness of the narcissus. 

A bU»l ashdya', (pi. of f^Ja shays) Things. 

A t_-ol-i»Ws/iOJifc,(pl.of6jUi»\«s/(aJa<)Crowds. 
Mixtures. Gains (just or unjust). 

A jJU»1 ashdmn, Unfortunate. Left hands 
' ' dshah or dshh, Name of a place. 

A L-*^\ ashh, (v. n. of »— *i>l) Mixing, min- 

( 94 ) 

gling, involving, implying. Reprehending, abus- 
ing, reviling, despising. Intertwined (as palm- 
trees). Enmity, dissimulation. Intricate business. 
Ashab, (v. n. of l-*m»1) Being intertwined (as 
trees). Intertwined (palm-trees). Ashib, Involved, 
mingled, confused. <„^\ Jj*. ^dad ashib, A 
great number. 'L^\ j jjj baldat ashibat, A town 
having many palm-trees intertwined. 

A fi\Jit\ ishhdf, (v. n. 4 of \xL for jf»») Beget- 
ting a clever ingenious lad. Taking after the father 
(a son). Honouring. Giving. Growing tall and 
luxuriant (a tree). Throwing into a well or into 
any thing disagreeable. Pushing, thrusting away. 

A L->U<i>\ ashbdb, (pi. of (4->U» shdbb) Yoimg 
men, youths. Ishbdh, (v. n. 4 of lL^) Having 
children growing up. Growing old (an ox). Grow- 
ing up (a girl). Exciting. Being determined, pre- 
destinated, appointed. 

A —V^' i^f'bdj, (v. n. 4 of Zh«» not used) Driv- 
ing back, repelling. Restoring. Shutting a door. 

A w-V^' ashbdh, (pi. of ^^ shdbah or shahh) 
Bodies. Property known (as camels, sheep, &c.). 

A jL^\ ashbdr, (pi. of^JuS* shibr) Spans. Ish- 
bdr, (v. n. 4 of^^) Giving. 

A cU^\ ishbd^ (v. n. 4 of «fi) Satiating, sa- 
tisfying, filling up. Making complete or perfect. 
Dyeing (cloth), impregnating (it) with a sufficient 
quantity of colour. Reading the vowels distinctly. 
Adding a letterto fill up when required by poetic li- 
cense : as,'i\^kamdld for Ji\Skamdla,^\JfMmdlu 
for Ji^hamdlu, or ^^hamdU for ^}\^ hamdli. 

A td)L^\ ishbdh,"(Y. n. 4 of tdL-ij) Digging 
wells near to each other (resembling net-work). 

A ^}\J:^ ashbdl, (pi. of Jji sMbl) Whelps of 
a lion or other wild beast. jLi.\ ^\ abu ashbdl, 
(Father of the whelps) a lion. Ishhdl, (v. n. 4 of 
ij^) Shewing favour or fondness. Declining a 
second marriagethat shemayattendtotheeducation 
of the children of her deceased husband. Aiding. 

A (j^^ ushbdmy. Red-faced and red-whis- 
kered. Ashahdniy, Extremely red. 

A »Li»\ ashbdh, (pi. of «Jui> shibh or shabah) 
Pictures, images. Likes, equals. Brasses. Ishbdh, 
(v. n. 4 of sj-i.) Resembling, taking after. nxLS 
«J!\ ashbaha ummahu, He resembled his mother, 
i.e. He was weak. ciD' j 6jjS>\ U j wa md ashbaha 
zdliha, And the like to that, and so forth. 

A 'i^\ ushbat, A wolf. 

A Jj-i»\a«A&«/,(pl.of J*i» «A«6Z) Lions' whelps. 

p jfi>\ ashbu, A chafing-dish. 

AjjJ-i*^ ushbur, A kind offish. 

A ibjXMl nshbunat, Lisbon. 

A »x«»l ashbah. More or most resembling. 

A *?^if-»^ ishbiUyat, Seville in Spain. 

p J--*» I dsh-paz, A cook. 

P (j»^^ ushpus, A louse. 

ishpisha, A moth, a weevil. 


Vj^lJm\ ashpaghur, Seed of the herb fleawort. 

p 1^1 .>rt\ ashpak, Roe of the sturgeon, caviar. 

G i^jti^'^^fZA ashpaldtus, A prickly shrub. 

p (Jii>-jA«»\ ishpuhhtan, (or ^j^ir:?''^' m^^i- 
hhtan) To sprinkle, scatter. Sprinkled, scattered. 

p jCoi:^?^' ishpikhta, Sprinkled, scattered. As- 
pergula (Ladies' bed-straw). 

p \Jm\ ushtd or ishtd. Haste. 

A ^U«»\ ishtifdi, (v. n. 8 of lli> for jli) Hear- 
ing. Preceding, taking precedency. 

A >\^i ishtdf, (v. n. 4 of Um» for yJ*>) Enter- 
ing on the winter. Suffering from scarcity in winter. 

p Lj^lXi^^ ushtdb or ishtdb. Haste, despatch. 

A OU-jI ashtdt, (pi. of Ciort shatt') Distinct. 
Dispersed. Ishtdt, (v. n. 4 of Ci*«>) Dispersing. 

p iil:ii»^ ashtdd, Name of the 26th day of the 
month, and of its presiding angel. A section of 
the book of Zardusht (Zoroaster). 

Aj\i'-»\ ishtd?; (v. n. 4 of ^i-*) Rendering the 
eyelids inverted and relaxed. 

PjCmA ushtd?- or ishtdr, Haste. 

A cV;ii»\ ishtdgh, (v. n. 4 of jii) Destroying. 

p (J\il:ii»\ ishtdftan, To hasten. 

P liXiJl^^ ishtdlang. The ankle. Dice. 

A (_-iIjC«>1 ishtibdb, A making young. 

A ^^\JiM>\^shtibdh, (v.n.8 ofLilw) Being in- 
termingled and ravelled. Beingpitchy dark (night). 
Being very brilliant (stars). Darkness. Doubt. 

A 8Lju-*\ ishtibdh, (v. n. 8 of &J-i») Being ob- 
scure, doubtful, andambiguous. Resembling, bear- 
ing a striking resemblance to one another. Doubt, 
ambiguity. Obscurity. Similitude, resemblance, 
p !sLii*\ ^ bi ishtibdh, Without doubt. tiJJi *«jJ5 
ilXiSil kal^ti falah-ishtibdh, A citadel resembling 
heaven, high as the firmament 

A |J6\Xi«)\ ishtibdhi. Suspicious, doubtful. 

A 'kMt\ ashtat, A general name given to the col- 
lectors and reporters of traditions, natives of Isfahan. 

aJ4^^ ishtijdr, (v. n. 8 of ^si-*) Putting the 
hand to the chin, and leaning on the elbow. Being 
intermingled (spears). Quarrelling, opposing each 
other. Departing from the eyes (sleep). 

A iJ^.XJui»\ ishtiddd, (v. n. 8 of j^) Becoming 
hard and strong. Being fortified, confirmed, 
strengthened. Beingdifficult and oppressive. Run- 
ning. Becoming high (the day). Firmness, vehe- 
mence, force, violence, intensity, obstinacy. 

A S^t^::^! ishtiddh, (v. n. 8 of » J.^) Being asto- 
nished, amazed, distracted. Being employed. 

AjLi»\ ashtar. One who has inverted and re- 
laxed eyelids. 

PjluA ushtur, A camel. 
A'y^\ ushtur?; Name of a Shiah sect in Kufa. 
A ^\^^ ishtirds (v. n. 8 of (_syi>) Buying. Sell- 
ing. Trade, barter. Letting go one thing to lay 
hold of another. 

p iiS\jiM\ i«/t<Mmia, A kind of woollen garment. 


A *>yii»\ uhtirat, (v. n. 8 of Is^) Imposing 
conditions, stipulating. 

A I i\jM>\ ishtiraf, (v. n. 8 of u-Jjji>) Standing 

erect, upright. 

A ^J^\ishtirak,(Y.n. 8 of|Sfi») Cutting (raw 
meat) into long strips, and drying (it) in the sun. 

A i^\j^\ ishtirak, (v. n. 8 of t-iJ;^) Entering 
into partnership. Company, partnership, associa- 
tion, participation, society, p i^SpiA «»-j jJ bar 
wajhi ishtirak, In a partnership-way, by division. 

I A ^J[p^^ ashtarani, Name of a ting and son. 
p ij\j:J^\ ushturaTva,A kind of woollen garment 


\ ushturhan, A camel-driver or keeper. 

p e^XijM ushhirhana, (or nApIJ^ ushturaba) 

garment made of wool and camel's hair, worn 
by the kings of Persia. 

p ^J^J::^\ ushtur-bln, Quick-sighted. 

p ^j\>Zm\ tightttr-pay , Penny-royal. 

Vj^JiJ^\ ushtu7--khar, A thorn eaten by camels. 

vSyfjMty ushtur-khn-ar, A serpent. A tike, 
camel-louse. A thorn of which camels are fond. 

Pj' J^\ ushtur-ddr, A camel-keeper or owner, 
one who has the charge or management of camels. 

p ^Cj^J^l ««A^Mr-rfan, The keeping of camels. 

p J J^:i<i»W«/t<«r-(Z<7, Camel-hearted: timid, pu- 
sillanimous. Malicious, revengeful, spiteful. 

p IjSiiJPmA ushtur-zahra, Timid, slow, languid. 

VjS-Jm>\ ushtur-ghaz, Root of the assafoetida. 

Bp ^^^J^\ ushtur-ghan, Sage, clary, or spurge. 
p i^j^\ ushturah, A small camel. A wave. 
p ^jJii\ ashtar-kd, A griffin. 
p tiXib j^ j:^\ nshtur-gdm-palang, The ca- 
meleopard, or giraffe. (Camel, cow, leopard). 
p \SjJm\ ushtur-giyd, A thorn eaten by camels. 
p kjoJiZAushtur-murgh, The ostrich, 
^p P jj* J^^ ushtur-mur, (Camel-ant) An animal 
in foi-m like an ant, in size equal to a sheep. 

p \myjM\ ushtur-rva, A covering of camel's hair. 
Pj\jJ:m\ ushtunvar, A camel's burden. Ca- 
mel's hair. 

p ij j^^ ushturugh, A herb eaten by camels. 
A V''^""'^ ishtitdt, (v. n. 8 of ia«») Giving an 
unjust verdict. Going a great distance to pasture. 
^^B A u^'liCuii^ ishtifdb, (v. n. 8 of t-*««») Over- 
Taking any one (death). 

A Jljt:i>l ishii^l, (v. n. 8 of Jj««j) Being kin- 
dled (a fire). Becoming dry and inflamed. Being 
hoary (the head). Hoariness. 

A .Uli»l islitighdr, (v. n. 8 ofJtut) Being very 
many (numbers), and difficult to cast up. Exalt- 
ing one's self from pride, afiecting to lord it over. 
Being numerous and going to and fro. Being 
confused (business). Travelling far in the desert. 
A JU::i»^ ishtighdl, (v. n. 8 of J*i>) Occupy- 
ing, employing one's self. Being kept employed 
and diverted. A grammatical form in which the 
object is placed before the verb, but represented by 

( 95 ) 

a pronoun subjoined to it : as, iCijjo iJJj zayd za- 
rabtuhu, Zayd, I smote him, for \i^.j C^jO za- 
rabtu zaydan, I smote Zayd. Employment. 

A f\SMi\ ishtifdf, (v. n. 8 of ,^— ») Recovering 
health, being healed. 

A L-ili^l ishtifdf, (v. n. 8 of i— Qw>) Taking 
the whole of any thing. Filling his girth (a ca- 
mel). Doing (a thing) attentively. 

A jliii*^ ishtihdk, (v. n. 8 of Jjj-») Deriving 
one noun from another. Being cloven asunder. 
Taking a half. Speaking discursively and little to 
the purpose (in a debate). 

A ^lS:^\ ishtikdkiy, Derivative. 

p Lil::-2»\ ishtah, Swaddling clothes. 

A >o^l ishtikds, (v. n. 8 of o-i» for Sm>) La- 
menting, complaining of aches and pains. Making 
a chum from the skin of a kid. Suspecting. 

Aji:Mi\ iskiikdr, (v. n. 8 of ^,xi») Raining plen- 
tifully. Being collected in a large quantity in the 
udder (milk). Bringing forth small leaves called 
jj*ji» shaktr (a tree). Bringing rain (the wind). 
Being intense (cold or heat). Exciting one's self 
greatly in running. 

aJ^\ ishtihdl, (v. n. 8 of Ji^) Being diffi- 
cult, obscure, intricate. 

A ^':kJ^\ ishtiia^, (v. n. 8 of 5U. for ^) Libe- 
rating, rescuing. Crying out, intreating to be res- 
cued from difficulty or danger. 

P 13^^^ ishtalhund, A sceptre. 

p JJm>\ ushtuhim, Severity, violence, oppres- 
sion. A forcible seizure. ^Ji>S 2^\ ushiulum 
hardan, To force, oblige, conquer, overcome. To 
rule, regulate, to reign despotically. To fight. 

p Jm>\ dshtim, (or |,:^\) The pus of a wound. 

A C^lsli<»' ishtimat, The beginning of fatness. 

A ti\^\ ishtimdz, (v. n. 8 of 3.*-*) Striking the 
ewe's tail that she may let him blissom (a ram). 

A (jVji-Ji ishtimdl, (v. n. 8 of J«»«») Consisting 
of, comprising, comprehending, containing. Sur- 
rounding, enclosing. Wrapping one's self up in a 
garment. Making haste. Carrying (a sword) un- 
der one's garment. 

A »y£Z>\ ishtimam, A smelling, a snuffing up. 

p jlCdLiij 1 dshtan-gdh, A necessary, a privy. 

V yiMi\ ashtu, A finger. Charcoal. Ushtu, 
Herbage. A finger. 

p ijjLi»\ ashtuwa, A live coal. A chafing-dish. 
Ushtuwd, Herbage. 

A ^\ytii»^ isktircds, (v. n. 8 of t/^^) Roasting, 
or procuring roast. Being roasted. 

p jOiy^l ushtumdna, A finger-ring. 

p tiyiiii ashtawad, Name of the second of the 
five intercalary days added to the Persian year. 

p (»jA^l ashtum, Pease-haulm or straw. A be- 
som of the same. 

p»jjLiil dshtuh,(i^xut\ashtuh, ijyMtSashtura), 
A bitter thorny plant, of which camels are fond. 


A iiImA ashtah, Name of a company of tradi- 
tionists of the people of Isfahan. 

A ^\.fM»\ ishtihds, (v.n. 8 of l^ri* for _j^) Wish- 
ing for, longing for. Appetite, desire, wish. 

A (_-»\.^Jui»\ inhtihdb, (v. n. 8 of i_jy^) Turning 


A Xf^Mt^ ishtihdr, (v. n. 8 ofj^) Publishing, 
divulging, blazoning abroad. Being published, 
blazoned abroad. Being universally known. Fame, 
renown, celebrity, reputation, notice, publication, 
p (jjijSi^ii j^Xij\ ishtihdr ddshtan, To be famous. 
^^iiji> j^^^ ishtihdr shudan, To be famous, con- 
spicuous, known, noted, notorious, clear, evident. 
^^'iS jV*^^ f«/(<i/(ar/(a7'<?aw,To publish, proclaim. 
.L:ii»\ (iJu^ •:>- hhmurshed-ishtihdr,C\ea.T as the sun. 

p &«\3 jW^^ ishtihdr-ndma, A proclamation. 

p jSjSj I dshti, Peace, concord, reconciliation. 

A (I->lju^\ ishtiydb, (v. n. 8 of l-.>U» for i—'j^) 
Being mixed. 

A <il-li>\ ishtiydz, (v. n. 8 of iyS») Putting on 
a turban, girding one's head with a turban-sash. 

Aj\Xm>\ ishtiydr, (v. n. 8 ofjU» forj^) Col- 
lecting honey from a hive. 

AjlLiiil ishtimdz, (v.n. 8 ofjjoi*) Being fright- 
ened and running away. 

A ( i\iM»\ ishtiydf, (v. n.8 of i sU» for i—J^) 

Looking with out-stretched neck. Watching (the 
lightning) to discover whether it will rain. Be- 
coming thick or rough (a sore place or wound). 

A J^Jj^^ ishtiydh, (v. n. 8 of jU> for J^) 
Wishing, longing, desiring (to see any absent per- 
son or thing), p M'^y ijW^^ ishtiydh kardan, 
To desire, ^^i^p Cl*ji' j j'^i-^^ U^j^ ^«''^* **''■ 
tiydk u mahahbat hardan, To express love and 
affection (at the beginning of letters). 

p mU ^UUm»\ ishtiydk-ndma, Letters expres- 
sive of desire or affection. 

A JljClij^ ishtiydl, (v. n. 8 of Jli*» for J_y*») 
Lifting up (a pitcher). Happening, occurring. 
Being exposed. Opposing, hindering. Reviling. 

A /Xi^\ ishtiydm, (v. n. 8 of |»U»» for j,xm) 
Entering into. 



ishtisdn, A proposing, an intending. 

A w-^1 ashtiyat, (pi. oi f^cZt shitdt) Winters. 

p 8j^*s- iS^' dshU-hhrvdra, Sweetmeats sent 
from one to another on a reconciliation. 

p *A^^ ashthn, Pus, matter. Drawers. 

p &J;juii»T dshtina, An egg. 

A J^\ ushshaj, Gum ammoniac. 

A %^ ashajj, Broken-headed. 

A fi\^^' ishjdt, (v. n. 4 of \si^ for j^) Over- 
powering, overcoming by force. Making sad. 
Causing to leap for joy. ^ 

A il^ ishjdz, (v. n. 4 of ;>js^) Raining gently. 
Injuring. Being severe upon. Ending, taking up 
after raining heavily. 

A jW^' ashjdr, (pi. of jSf^^ shajr) Mouths. 



( 96 ) 

Chins, (pi. of js^ shajar) Trees. Ishjar, (v. n. 
4 of j*:"^) Abounding in or producing trees. 

A (^W*** ashjan, (pi. of y*^ shajan) Neces- 
sary things. Anxieties, griefs, pains. Ishjdn, (v. 
n. 4 of fj^) Grieving, afflicting. Having ripe 
stalks (a vine). 

Aj^ ashjar, Abounding in trees, woody. 
More or most abundant in trees, more v?oody. 

A J^ '^^>jc^ More or most brave, active, or 
nimble. Intrepid, brave, warlike. Long, tall. A 
lion. A serpent. Fortune. Time. Ishjat or ashja^ 
(pi. *»-\— »^ ashajif)The root or joint of the finger 
next to the hand ; (the third joint of the finger and 
second of the thumb). 

A Xjutf**' ashjifat, (pi. of ^^f^) Bold, brave. 

A k^ ashjac/h, Advancing (camel). 

A >1^^ is/t-/m^,(v.n.4of las?** forj*^**)Opening. 

A *\jB^' asldhhat, (pi. of ^*^ skahih) Ava- 
ricious men, misers. 

A il*?** ish-haz, (v. n. 4 of S^**) Sharpening, 
whetting (a knife). 

A (^Isfc^ ash-has, (pi. of (_>a^ shaJis) Sheep 
giving no milk ; also fat and baiTcn. Ish-has, (v. 
n. 4 of (_>oa:^*') Tiring, fatiguing. Banishing. 

A *>ls:^' ish-hat, (v. n. 4 of las^") Removing, 
putting to a distance. 

A z*^^^ ish-ham, A giving of fat to eat. 

A (jls^** a6'/t-/(a?j,Passionate,angry, testy. Sad. 
Ish-hdn, (v. n. 4 of (^j^) Filling (a city with ca- 
valiy). Beginning to blubber (a boy). Putting a 
sword in a sheath. Drawing a sword. Preparing 
to shoot (an arrow). 

A 'i^' ashihhat, (pi. of ^js^ shahih) Misers. 

A !»*■ ash-ham, More full of fat, lard, or pulp. 

A (_^s^ ash-ha', Passionate, angry (woman). 

A ila*"' ishhhdz, (v. n.4 of JJB^ not used) In- 
stigating (a dog), setting (him) on. 

P ili^ axhkhdr, Potash. Sal ammoniac. 

A i^jtiXkf^ ishhkas, (v. n. 4 of u«i^) Slander- 
ing, calumniating. Putting on a sour countenance 


in conversation 


A (^U?**' ashlihds, (or (_>aa^' ashkhus) (pi. 
of (.joa^ shakhs) Pereons, bodies. Individuals. 
Shapes, figures. Ishkhds, (v. n. 4 of (j«aa^) Send- 
ing from place to place. Disturbing, making rest- 
less. Carrying away. Speaking evil of one absent. 
Tearing up from its place. Passing above the mark 
(an arrow). Being arrived (the hour for setting 
out on a journey). 

A *U^' ishkham, (v. n. 4 of ^.afi^) Turning 
sour (milk). 

p sjli- ;j*>la5A-Mawa, A kitchen, a cook's shop. 

^J^ ashkhar. The gum-bearing tree fushar. 

A,,*^' ashhlmm, Shining(hair). Unproductive 
(ground). (An ass) black in the head and muzzle. 

A uJ ^si^ ushkhub, The sound made in milking. 

p (j^i!^*' mMmw, A plant. A sort of dock. 

A fjna-as^"' ishkhis, A sort of mezereon. 

1 " * \ - 1 " 

A |»\<ji?**' ishltkimam, (v. n. 11 of Jet^) Being 

intermingled (fresh and withered plants). 

A Xi» I dshadd. Name of a brother of Joseph. 

A S-S»\ ashadd, More or most vehement, strong, 
bold, severe. Stronger, strongest. Name of a 
brother of Joseph. Ashudd or ushudd. Strength 
and powers (particularly applied to a young man 
between eighteen and thirty). 

A A^\ ishdaj, (v. n. 4 of liXi* for ji>-i») Be- 
coming a skilful singer. 

A >\j>M»\ ashidddj:, (ip\. of iW Jm2» shadtd) Strong, 
brave, bold, vehement, violent, severe, rigorous. 

A i>\iiji»l ishddd, (v. n. 4 of (S-i) Possessing a 
strong beast. Imparting strength, invigorating. 

A u-J\ii»i»l ishdaf, (v. n. 4 of i iSut) Being 

dark (the night). 

A jliXi»\ ashddk, (pi. of jii-i» shidk or shadk) 
Corners of the mouth, chops. Sides of a valley. 

A j^ltXM»\ ishddn, (v. n. 4 of ^^^w) Having her 
fawn strong and independent of hereelf (a doe). 

A l\iiMt\ ishddh, (v. n. 4 of »ii^) Stupefying. 

A ^i^\ ashdah. Ample, large, capacious, wide, 

A ^liJitS ashdahh, (A horse) marked down 
the face with a streak of white. A lion. 

A I J j«i»\ ashdaf, Left-handed. Wry-cheeked. 

Diflicult, disastrous. (A horse) that leans to one 
side from fatigiie. (A camel) that goes crosswise 
from friskiness. Bulky (horse). 

A ijJk-*^ ashdah, Eloquent (orator). 

A A'sui\ ishzds, (v. n. 4 of \'^m> for jii>«») Re- 
moving afar off, putting to a distance. 

A i_-'\jyi>\ ashzdh,{^\. of u-.>iiji> shazab) House- 
hold goods. Bits of wood, dry branches or barks 
of trees. Remains of fodder. 

A ii\ jki»\ ishzdz, (v. n. 4 of jyS* j Putting by it- 
self. Employing any unusual form of speech. 
Removing far off, putting to a distance. 

Ajm\ dshir, The jagged parts of the legs of a 
locust, the knob at the end of his tail, in which 
there are two crooked claws, and in genei-al what 
he corrodes or saws with. A sawyer. 

A ju>\ ashara, (fut. j*«»b yatsharii) He sawed. 

A M>\ ashira, (fut. wiib yassharu) He exulted. 

Ajm\ ashr, (v. n. of wi*i) Sawing. Notching or 
sharpening (saw or teeth). Ashar, (v. n. oiJ^V) 
Exulting, rejoicing, triumphing. Being proud 
and insolent. Exultation, excessive joy, insolence, 
sauciness, frowardness, petulance. Ashir, ashur, 
ashr, or ashar, (pi. ^^^J^\ ashiruna or ashuruna^ 
Exulting, rejoicing, sprightly. Proud, insolent. 
Ashur, The jagged grooves or notches of the teeth. 
The teeth of a sickle. Ushur and ushar, (pi. ,^1 
ushur) A notch or indentation in the teeth (either 
from nature or from wear). ^^^ j^\ ushuru'l 
minjal, The teeth of a reaping hook. 

Ajm\ asharr, (little used) Worse, worst. 

A AJm\ ashrdi, (pi of Isj^ shara') Sides, quar- 
ters, districts. Ishrcu, (v. n. 4 of tg/^) Flashing 
repeatedly (lightning). Filling (a dish, vessel, or 
pond). Causing to incline, bending. Being open 
and staring (a camel's coat ). Stirring up strife. 

A A^\ ashirrdf, (pi. o{j>j^) Wicked, bad. 

A 4->];^^ ishrdb, (v. n. 4 of t--^) Thirsting. 
Giving drink, watering (cattle). Causing to im- 
bibe, imbuing. Arriving (the hour of drinking). 
Drinking water. Imputing, ascribing, telling a lie 
against, charging falsely. Making deep (a colour). 
(One colour) being mixed with or imbibing that 
of another. Being received into the heart (love). 
Putting a rope round the neck. Giving every male 
camel a female. Possessing camels, whether sa- 
tiated with water, or thirsty. Admixture. fJl;^\ 
L-^^^ J U ashrabani md lam ashrib. He imputed 
to me tliat which I did not. 

A J]f^^ ashrdj, (pi. of _ji» sharaj) Strings, 
thongs, or chains for fastening pormanteaus ; also 
the loops or ouches through which those ligaments 
pass. Ishrdj, (v. n. 4 of «-/-*) Drawing together 
(a wallet). Coalescing, mixing. 

A iiLi>! ishrdd, (v. n. 4 of li;-*) Driving away. 

A jL*»l ashrdr, (pi. o? j>J*> sharir) Wicked, 
criminal, sinful. Ishrdr, (v. n. 4 of j*«) Calling 
another a rascal. Hanging or exposing to the air 
to dry. Disclosing (any thing), 

A 'i\^^ ishrdrat, (pi. j>,Im»1 ashdrir) A per- 
forated wooden vessel, or one made of plaited 
rushes or reeds, into which they put cream or sour 
milk, after the whey is strained off; which, with 
the addition of salt, is then exposed to the sun, 
and preserved for winter use. Flesh dried in the 
sun. A large herd of camels. 

AjLi>l ishrdz, (v. n. 4 of J w*») Throwing into 
inextricable difficulty. 

A (__)u)^l ashrds, A kind of shoemaker's glue, 
Ishrds, (v. n. 4 of (_>rtfMj) Having cattle feeding 
on the herb (,_ytjMt shirs. 

p (^ja\jttt\ ishrds. Shoemaker's or binder's paste. 

A )o\j^\ ashrdt, (pi. of )e>jL> shart) Mean, low, 
base, vile. (pi. of i>^ sharat) Signs or marks 
(by which men or cattle are distinguished, taken 
either in a good or bad sense). Nobles, grandees. 
Three stars in the head of Aries, two bright and 
one small. afr\-J\ i9L^\ ashrdtu 's sdfut, Signs 
of the last hour, or of the end of the world. 1>\^\ 
Jtjsi\ ashrdtu 'I kawm. Nobles of the people, laLij^ 
{JW ashrdtu'l waZ, The meanest parts of property 
or flock. Ishrdt, (v. n. 4 of "^j^) Marking cattle 
and sending them to be sold. Binding, compelling 
by law. Expediting (an ambassador). Preparing, 
making ready. Marking, designating. 

A *^^ ashrdj (pi. of sS-jIm shara^at) Ships, 
sail. Verandas, porticoes, covered galleries. Ish- 
?-a^,(v.n.4 of gj^) Opening (a door) upon a road. 

Making (a way) clear. Pointing (a spear atone). 

A (_-JLi»l ashraf, (pi. of l-A>j^ shanf^ No- 
bles, grandees, gentlemen, men of high extraction. 
The ears and nose. i^\j^\ j (jlj*^ a^an u ash- 
raff Chiefs and nobles. Ishraf, (v. n. 4 of i_-Ji*<») 
Being high, exalted. Mounting, ascending. Look- 
ing down from an eminence. Being near, at the 
point of. Compassionating, pitying. 

A jV*»^ ishrah, (v. n. 4 of /jj^) Rising (the 
Bun). Shining, flashing, being brilliant, beautiful. 
Entering into the sunshine. Being tall (a palm- 
tree). Bearing unripe dates. Dyeing deeply (a 
garment). Causing (one) to choke with vexation. 
Splendour, lustre, refulgence, radiance. 

A O^Li»\ ishrakat, Rays, refulgences. 

A (jyV^l ishraldn, The Platonists. 

A ti)Li»^ ashrak, (pi. of i.i)^ shirh) Commu- 
nions, companies. Religions in which a plurality 
of persons in the Godhead is maintained, (pi. of 
iJx>J^ shanli) Companions, partners, associates in 
trade. Iskrah, (v. n. 4 of '^j^) Taking a partner 
((^Jb .Ml shank). Giving companions to God, i. e. 
believing in the Trinity, which the Muhammadans 
consider as infidelity. Sharing, making common. 
Putting straps (ti)Lij shhah') to one's shoes. 

A wV**^ ashran,{f\. t/r-*^ ashra', (^jl«»l asha- 
rcC and nshara') Exulting, joyous. Proud, insolent. 

A 'i^j^^ ashribat, (pi. of (_,'Li>) Drinks, syrups. 

A 'ijut\ ashirat, Sawed, split (wood). 

A 'ijM\ osArai, Exultation, sauciness, petulance. 
Ushrat, The jagged part ofalocust's leg, or knob at 
the end of his tail, where are placed two crooked 

A ».j->^ ashraj, A horse which has one testicle 
larger tlian another. 

A u-J^io-wij^ ishrihfaf, (v. n. 4 of u-is-;^ Q) 
Preparing for battle. Making haste. Being light. 

p (j'i;-' I ashurdan, To bruise. To knead. To 
bake. To wash. 

A i^jmJ^\ ashras, Perverse, stubborn, wayward, 
intractable. Bold in battle. A lion. Adversity. 

A )o^\ashrat, More or most vile or worthless. 

A » T^^ ashraf, (A nose) whose tip is extended. 

A 'iS-jZi\ askrifat, (pi. of cV** shhw) Sails of 
ships. The necks of camels. Strings of bows and 
musical instruments (in their tense state). 

A (_»Jwi»\ ashraf, More or most noble. High 

(shoulder). Abat. O^^iss^ i 9^1 ashrafu'l 

mahhluhat, The most noble of creatures, i.e. man. 

p (jj-*^ ashrafi. An old Spanish coin, worth 
about 4 shillings, or 7 reals. The gold muhr of 
Hindustan is valued at 16 sicca rupees; and the 
intrinsic value of that coined at Calcutta is esti- 
mated at 1/. 11«. 8f/., and the gold of it is better 
than English standard gold by 5s. in the ounce, or 
about ^. By the Regulations of 1793, it should 
weigh 190,894 grains (troy). 

( 97 ) 

A Li^jl^\ ashruk, (pi. of LiJ\;«») Shoe-latchets. 

A (^/*»^ ashram, Cut in the nose. 

A (jS>^^ ashra', (pi. oi ^J^J^\) Lively, joyous. 

A i_>>Lk«»\ ishruhab, (v. n. 11 of l-J^) Look- 
ing with outstretched neck, or ascending an emi- 
nence m order to get a look or bird's eye view. 

A 'i^..]^\ ashiiyat, (pi. of (jsyi» s/tira') Bargains. 

A Aj>Jm\ ishrircif, (v. n. 12 of csy^) Being 
agitated, disturbed ; shaking, tottering. 

A j^j^.j^^ /«/M'tm/<, The being drowned in tears. 

A j}^l ashzar, Milk of a reddish hue. 

A cL«.-»\ aA7tsaf,(pl.of *«.ji»s/mf ) Shoe-strings. 
Ishsai, (v. n. 4 of *mm) Putting strings to shoes. 

A f\teJ*i\ ishsas, (v.n.4 of Ua*rt for_j-iflu«) Look- 
ing up, fixing the eye. 

A (_^\.o«»\ ashsab, (pi. "fv_ .■■^*' shisb) Adver- 
sities. Barren (seasons). Lots, chances, portions. 
Ishsdb, (v.n. 4 of (__A<a«>) Making uncomfortable. 

A jLajS»\ ashsar, (pi. of yo^t shasar, OTyo\Zi 
^/iOMr) Young deer when their homs begin to appear. 

A {^\aaM>\ ishsas, (v. n. 4 of i^jom) Putting to 
a distance. Denying, refusing, prohibiting, hin- 
dering. Giving little milk (a camel). 

A -fUa#i»^ ashtas, (pi. of Aom* shati) Suckers, 
shoots. Summits. Ishtds, (v. n. 4 of Uxi») Shoot- 
ing forth suckers, leaves, or blades. Growing up 
and taking after (his) father (a boy). 

A loUajiil ishtdt, (v. n. 4 of laii») Giving an un- 
just sentence. Tyrannizing. Exceeding just bounds. 
Goingdeep, advancingfar (in search of something). 
Travelling in a desert. 

A (jUxii»\ ashtdn, (pi. of ^J^aMi shatan) Long 
ropes. Ishtdn, (v. n. 4 of (J^^) Putting far off. 

A jlx»»\ ashtur, (pi. ofJa^ shatr) Parts, halves. 
Sides, tracts. JbCsi\iaJii\ l— *i»- halaba ashtura' d 
dahr. He has milked both teats of fortune, i. e. he 
has experienced good and ill luck. 

A >Uai>^ ishzuj, (v. n. 4 of ,Jiii>) Hurting the 
small bones or sinews of the elbows or knees. 

A tUa«*\ ishzdz, (v. n. 4 of )aMi) Fastening the 
mouth of a sack with a crooked billet. Driving 
away, scattering. Having a priapism. Cocking 
his tail or carrying it straight (a camel). 

A 't^aJitS ashizzat, (pLofiaUa-ii ^/w^az) Crooked 
billets for fastening the mouths of sacks, or making 
tight the ropes with which loads are fastened. 

A f\)uM\ ishfas, (v. n. 4 of l*ii» for^aoS*) Taking 
thought for, minding, attending to, being concerned 
about. Sympathizing with. Sending forth pre- 
datory bands in all directions. 

A (_jI*<*»\ ishfab, (v. n. 4 of (_>jui>) Dying. 
Leaving one's friends, parting with them for ever. 

a\m\ ashlar, (pi. o{jm shatr) Hairs (of a 
man orof abeast). (pi. ofjfci* shifr) Poesy, poems, 
verses. Sciences. Jsh^r, (v. n. 4 ofjM) Making 
known, informing, acquainting. Using a symbol, 
sign, or watchword. Calling out the watchword to 

each other. Engrossing the mind (care), envelop- 
ing the soul. Joining, cementing, causing to stick. 
Fixing a round knob on the end of a knife-handle. 
Casting a hairy foetus (a camel). Lining (a boot) 
with hair. Being hairy (an embryo, or a part of 
the body). Putting on another the inner garment 
called J Uii» shifa7: Marking a camel destined to 
be sacrificed at Mecca (which is done by cutting or 
piercing the skin till the blood appears). Killing 
(a king). Speaking poetry. 

A eUji»i ish^f, ( V. n. 4 of *«*) Scattering urine 
from side to side (a camel). Darting forth rays 
(the sun). Coming into ear (grain). Having the 
grains compact (an ear of corn). 

A jl««»\ ish^l, (v.n.4of Jj««)) Setting on fire, 
kindling,inflaming. Bedaubing (camels )with pitch. 
Scattering (camels). Sending out predatory horse 
in every direction. Beingspread about,ordispersed 
over a district of country, when making an excur- 
sion against the enemy, in order to render the attack 
general. Leaking on every side(waterfromaleathem 
bag). Gushing violently (blood from a womid). 
Flowing plentifully (tears). Watering abundantly. 

A (jl*ii>l w/tpa?i,(v.n.4 of y^*i*>) Catching, seiz- 
ing (an opponent) by the forelock. 

A i_,**jij\ ash^b, (pi. C-A1"*' shufb) (A goat) 
having the homs distant from each other, also hav- 
ing the hips asunder. Name of a certain miser 
whose name has become a proverb. 

A (.LotMtl flA'/tfas, (pi. i^Kui shufs) One whose 
hair is dishevelled and soiled with dust. The pros- 
odial foot i>3} watad. The plant ^♦fJ buhma' when 
dry. Uncurried (horse). 

A^^Mt\ ash^r, More happily poetical, a better 
poet. (pi. jj«jij shn^-) Flesh growing under the 
nails. A kind of wart growing between a sheep's 
claws, (pi. jS'Liil asha^r) Very hairy. Hair about 
the hoofs of cattle. The lip of a camel's vulva. 

A 'ijM\ ashirat, (pi. of .Uci* shiiar) Shirts, 
shifts, or under garments. Sheets. Horse-cloths. 
Signs, badges, symbols : watchwords, pass-paroles. 
Deaths. Trees (with thick intricatebranches). Hairs. 

A ijy^^ ash^ir'iy, (pi. »^Li>\ ashd^rat) Name 
of a celebrated Musulman doctor, whose disciples 
are called Ashariyiin. 

A ,_}j«M»i ash^l. White-tailed (horse). 

A J^Lfci>) ish^ldl, (v. n. 9 of Jv>«-i>) Being par- 
tially white about the tail (a horse) . Staring, stick- 
ing up (hair on the body, coat of a beast). 

A 'ijtZ>\ ashi^wt, (pi. of «-t» shuff and cXm 
«/i«faf ) Rays, sunbeams. Lights, splendours. 

A \jm\ ish^yd, Isaiah the prophet. 

A j5)duuJ»\ ish^ldl, (v.n. 11 of Jjci») Having 
white on the tail and forelocks (a horse). Having 
the hair (erect). 

A jjUjuuSjI ish^ndn, (v. n. 11 of ^^fM) Being 
dishevelled (the hair). 

A Am\ hhghat, (v.n. 4 of lii» fory«i») Oppos- 
ing, resisting. Letting one's urine fall drop by drop. 

A j\joi»^ ishghar, (v. n. 4 of j«m») Being distant 
from the highway (a house, a watering-place, or a 
company of travellers). Lifting up (a woman's) leg. 
Being intricate and perplexing (an account). Being 
widely extended and on a great scale (warfare). 

A (JliMj\ ashghal, (pi. of ^)*»» shughV) Affairs, 
employments, occupations, businesses. Ishghal, 
(v. n. 4 of (_)>««») Employing, keeping occupied. 

p j»ci>\ ushghur, A porcupine. 

A (Jjw»\ ashghal, More or most employed, busy. 
«)jwj\ Lo mci ashghalahu, How occupied he is ! 

A &Jyui»l ushghvlat, Occupation, employ. Any 
thing which hinders, or keeps a person employed. 

A ^^^\ ashgha', One who has redundant, dis- 
torted, or unequal teeth. 

A \iji>\ ishfd, A saddler's needle, cobbler's awl. 

A f\sLZi)\ ashfuf, (pi. of \Au> shafa') Small re- 
mains (of life). Extremities, edges, sides, borders. 
Ishfdt, (v. n. 4 of (i«») Being on the brink of any 
thing, at the point of (death). Administering a me- 
dicine by which health may be restored. Freeing 
from disease, imparting health, healing, curing. 

\.\aJ^\ ashfdr, (pi. of,fl<i» shafr or shufr) Mar- 
gins, sides. Edges of eye-lids. Labra vulvae. 

A (_j\iji»i ishfdf, (v.n. 4 ofu!!!a»j) Preferring 
one to another. Augmenting. Diminishing. 

A s\idi»\ ashfdk, (pi. of ^ii> shafak') Compas- 
sions, kindnesses, favours. Crepuscles, twilights. 
Coasts, shores. Ishfdh, (v. n. 4 of /^^) Com- 
passionating, pitying. Fearing, being cautious of 
each other. Being affectionately solicitous about. 
Making small, diminishing, v )JJ\ Jjli-i»l ishjdh- 
angez, Inspiring pity or sympathy. 

P ;:}'^'-^^ 1 dshuftdnidan, To confound, dis- 
turb, make mad, or crazy. 

Aj\j^iLtM\ ishjitrdr, (v. n. 4 oi fSM> Q) Being 
divided, scattered. Being broken (a stick). Being 
widely diffused (the light of a lamp). Dispersion. 

p |_^Xa*«| ashuftagi, Perturbation, consterna- 
tion, confusion, contention,disquietude,disturbance, 
tumult, commotion, disorder. 

p (jjii*«l diihuftan, To disturb, or be disturbed. 
To become foolish, distracted, confounded, ena- 
moured, insane, amazed, astonished, thunderstruck, 
wretched, miserable. To change, alter. 

pjCfljil a.s/M</l!a, Enamoured, mad,confounded. 
^jii-rt 20kA^I ashufta shudan, To be distracted. 
i^^y >' - 'fl <»' I dshvfta kardan, To distract, to disturb. 
iChJ^ I (Jl.ola kitabati ashufta, Illegible writing. 

p JU- juOiLt dshufta-hdl, In a distressed state. 

Pjh\i>' alOj^l dshufta-khdtir. Disturbed in 
mind, distressed. 

P (j4i*jj »^ ->" I dshnfta-rumiydn, A live coal. 

pj*« iCSiSm I dshufta-maghz, Brain-sick. 

p i^_j« JuAMtl dshvjta-muy, (by some moy) 

{ 98 ) 

Having dishevelled hair. 

A *fl-ijl ashfttf. Tall of stature. 

p Jji-ll ashfand, Name ofa districtof Nishabur. 

A i^\ ash/a'. More or most powerful, effica- 
cious, medicinal, or salutary. Most skilful in me- 
dicine. (A man) whose lips do not close. Ishfa', 
(pi. (jU«\ ashafi) A cobbler's awl ; a large needle. 

As-a-ijl ashjiyat, (pl.of^lii»«/w/aj^) Medicines. 

p /i^ nshah, Giua ammoniac, galbanum. 

A /i-^\ ushshak. Gum ammoniac. 

A ^M>\ ashakk, More or most difficult and trou- 
blesome. (A horse) taking the lead in a race, run- 
ning right and left. (A horse) wide between the 
haunches. Long (horse). 

A AsL^\ ishhdf, (v. n. 4 of ULij for jHji») Ren- 
dering miserable. Combing the hair. 

A ^\jLi»l asMkhai,{^\. of ^JLi»«/(a/a/i)Brothers. 

A _Vai»W47t/(a/i., Dogs' posteriors or chops. Ish- 
kah, (v. n. 4 of JLi) Removing (one) to a distance. 
Beginning to redden (dates). Going to a distance. 
Bearing dates beginning to redden (a palm-tree). 

A iULij^ ishkdz, (v. n. 4 of jjLi) Driving away. 

A ^ULi»^ ashkdkul, The root of an Indian tree. 
Ishkdkul, A species of wild carrot. 

A ^JsbM\ishkdn,{y.TxAoi^^^Mii) Having small 
property. Giving sparingly. 

A »liLi»\ ishkdh, (v. n. 4 of »£-* not used) Turn- 
ing colour (unripe dates). 

A A^\ ashkah, Of a bright red. A reddening, 
ripening date. 

a^mA ashkar. Of a fine bright red. Chesnut 
(horse) whose mane and tail are of the same colour. 
Ruddy-complexioned. Glutinous, viscous (blood). 

A j^Li*! ishkirdr, (v. n. 9 of JLi») Being of a 
bright red or light chesnut colour. 

G f^y)djiut\ askhardiyun, Wild garlic. 

p 8,Li>l ashkara. An extinguished fire-brand. 

A •^LJImjI ashkiydi, (pi. of /J^ shakty) Poor, 
miserable. Robbers, thieves, felons, criminals. 

p i^Xm\ ashk, A tear. A drop. Devout, pious. 
Name of the first king of the Ashkaniyan dynasty 
of Persian monarchs, supposed by some to be a 
grandson of that Darius who was defeated by 
Alexander. He is by others called Arshak, from 
whence, according to them, the Arsacides took 
their family surname. J5 LiLi>\ ashki talkk, Bitter 
tears. Wine. (joy»- i.^L«>\ ashki khuriin. Tears 
of blood. j^ JUtf (^l.rtl ashki sh'irtn, (or i^L«\ 
L-J^a ashki tarab) Tears of joy. 

A >\xij\ ishhds, (v. n. 4 of ^Xij) Putting forth 
branches (a tree), (v. n. 4 of lxi» for ^*— ») Finding 
one sick or complaining. Occasioning complaints, 
forcing one to complain, adding to his troubles. 
Putting a stop to, or checking complaints, either 
by soothing or chiding. Receiving from any one 
something to put a stop tothe complaints of another. 

A olX»»l ishhad, (v. n. 4 of iii«») Giving. Ac- 

quiring or possessing bad cattle. 

p jliCiil dshkdr, (\j\C^\ dshkdrd or »j\wl 
dshkdra) Clear, evident, manifest, open, public. 

Pjli^\ «VtAar,Prey,game. Hunting, the chase. 

A jliw»\ ishkdr, (v. n. 4 oi^fj^) Being full (the 
udder). Bearing jiCij shakir (a palm, other tree, 
or vine). Having camels yielding much milk. 

p jij\iii» I dshkdragi, Publicity. 

p sj\xi>T dsh-kdra, A cook. 

p ^JJSJM\ ishkdrl, A hunter, sportsman, fowler. 

A c\xii»\ ishkd^ (v. n. 4 of jXi^) Enraging. 
Vexing, annoying, wearying, disgusting. 

A Jlx«»\ ashkdl, (pi. of (_)Li» shakl) Fonns, fi- 
gures, shapes, semblances. Obscure, doubtful, in- 
tricate matters. Ear-rings made of pearls or pieces 
of silver resembling each other. Ishkdl, (v. n. 4 
of (J^) Being difficult, obscure, intricate. Com- 
ing to maturity (dates, &c.). Having a redness in 
the eyes. Clearing (a book) of all obscurities and 
difficulties. Marking Arabic letters with vowels, 
or diacritical points. 

A j«\ioi\ ishkdm, (v. n. 4 of Si^) Remunera- 
ting, rewarding. 

p (jLJ\*j*»\ ashkaniyan, The family name of the 
third dynasty of Persian kings, who reigned after 
Alexander the Great for about 160 years. 

p JOjl>ji»\ ashkdwand, A mountain in Sistan. 

A »\X*»\ ishkdk, (v. n. 4 of axi>) Being diffi- 
cult and obscure. 

PjLXm»\ ashk-bar, Shedding tears, tears falling. 
jLxi»l ^'JiW,!! didan ashk-bdr, Weeping eyes. 
jjiX** jUxiil ashk-bdr shudan. To melt into tears. 

p (C,L*ji»\ ashk-bdrt, Weeping. 

p (^juyS^\ ashkbus, A hero killed by Rustam. 

p i£J^\ ishkira, A hunting-hawk. 

A JxjSjI ushkuzz, A girth, belt, surcingle (of 
white leather), with which a saddle is fastened. 

p ^y.«. V .«i ishliustan, To break, bruise, squeeze. 

p (jiiwi»\ ashkash. Name of an ancient hero. 

p d»oV.rt\ ashhift. Surprise. Ishkaft, A cave. 

p «ny)\ ishkufa, A blossom, bud. Vomiting. 

A |Ji<i»\a«A^ai, The mountain lote-tree. White- 
thighed (sheep). Reddish-eyed (man). Anything 
which has red and white mixed. Any thing white 
with an inclination to red and black. (A camel) 
whose dark colour has a mixture of redin it. More 
or most resembling, i^^^ -*l^ mdi ashkal. Water 
mingled with blood. 

p (Jsm*»^ iskkil, (A horse) whose right fore-foot 
and left hind-foot are white. Fraud,craft,imposture. 

A 'sJomS ashkalat, A single mountain lote-tree. 
Necessity, want. Mixture, confusion. Likeness. 

p SJm\ ishkam, (for ^iJ* shikam) The belly. 

p ftjJXil>\ ishkamba. The stomach of beasts. 

P A.iM\ ishkunj, A nip, a pinch. 

p a^.j^^'*"' ishkanja. Torment, torture, rack. 

p euX^i ishkina, A wrinkle. A musical note. 

■Bread crumbled into broth. 

p ^J^\ ishku, A roof. A layer or row in the 
covering of a house. A fowler, bird-catcher. 

p ^i^Jm 1 ashkuh, A ceiling, a stage, a story. 
A row of bricks in a wall. Heaven. 

p (_^ji*<*l ashhub, A row or layer in the roof- 
ing of a house. Uskkub, The elbow : a cubit. 

P r'y^Uskkokh, Atrip, stumble, slip, blunder. 

p (jii^^>ji»\ uhhokliidan, To slip, slide, fall. 

p si^Xi^l ushkufa, Vomiting. Aflower, blossom. 

p It^JiA ushkoh, Majesty, authority, greatness. 

p ,3;>x^^ ishkil, A horse whose right fore-foot 
andleft hind-foot are white. Fraud,craft,imposture. 

p^^^^ySJM\ ishkil cAa«/tM7»,A kind of bramble. 

p ^j\y^J^\ ishketvan, Name of a place. 

p tiyS^S ashkyud, Compounded, mixed. 

P I iS^\ ashgarf, Agreeable, excellent. Ish- 

ijarf, Large, coarse, thick. Dignity, pomp. 

p d»aC^l ishguft, The expanding of a flower. 

p (jiJ^£ii»\ ashganisk or ishganish, The build- 
ing of a wall. 

p /oj^ I dshgun, Name of a country. 

A ^^ImS ashl, A Basra-measure of forty cubits. 

A '[|_^\ ashall, One who has a withered hand. 

A -*iLi»\ asldat, (pi. of jLi» shibv) Members, 
joints, bodies. Remains (of water). Reins of a 
bridle. Thin-bitted (bridles). Ishlas, (v. n. 4 of 
j^ttt for jLi») Calling (a sheep, dog, or camel) by 
name. CaOing (a horse) by holding out a corn- 
bag. Setting (a dog in pursuit of game). 

A JiLi»\ ishlal, (v. n. 4 of (J-i») Being withered, 
dried up (the hand). Causing (the hand) to wither. 

A &Lm\ ashillat, (pi. of J-l«» shalil) Clothes 
worn under armour. Cloths of hair or wool laid 
across the loins (of camels). 

A j*i»\ asham, (v. n. of jJ*>\) Being pained. 

A Li>^ aA7iawwi,High(mountain). High (shoul- 
der). High-nosed. Grave, dignified, respectable. 

A oU-»\ ishmatf (v. n. 4 of u1av»*) Causing 
(any one) to rejoice at another's misfortune. 

A ,l»ii»\ ishmdr, (v. n. 4 of jv»») Making one to 
proceed quickly. Tying a camel's teats together. 
Impregnating the female. Folding, inserting. 

A (^_j«\v^l ishmds, (v. n. 4 of (^n^nt) Being 
bright and sun-shiny. 

A laUil ashmdt, Pot-herbs and spiceries put 
into victuals whilst cooking. Ishmat, (v. n. 4 of 
l n »i *» ) Mixing. Having hairs black and white. 

A c^w»i\ ishmdi, (v. n. 4 of Jv»») Giving good 
light (a candle). 

A (jlv*»^ ashmdl, (pi. of ,J.*^ shamaT) Small 
quantities (of rain, men, or fruits). Ishmdl, (v. n. 
4 of (3.»«») Being exposed to the north wind. Giv- 
ing one a covering or clothing for the whole body. 
Wrapping up one's self in a garment, so that no 
part of the body appears. Surrounding on all sides, 
sendinguniversally (evil). Tyingtheuddersof cattle 

( 99 ) 

in bags, called Jl»«> shimdl, that they may not be 
sucked. Gathering or pulling (dates and otherfruit) 
leaving but a small part remaining. (A stallion 
camel) impregnating half a flock or two-thirds of 
camels ; (when he is successful with the whole it 
is then expressed by AJi\ ikmam). 

A j,\^\ ishmdni, (v. n. 4 of lu>) Smelling. 
Giving or allowing to smell. Walking with the 
head erect. Extending the hand. Turning from 
any thing. Departing from. Turning to the right 
and left. Giving to a quiescent consonant a slight 
sound (or scent) ois^ zamma or ij^^hasra, but 
not so as to lengthen the syllable, or make one 
syllable more. Circumcising partially. ^Vvi»\ jlj 
vdvi ishnidm, Quiescent or silent j vdv, when pre- 
ceded by ^ and followed by either \, ii,j,J, ;_^, ^ji, 
11)) i/) *j or (_.>, quiescent, «.e. not having a vowel. 

A j^C**"' ishmikhrdr, (v. n. 4 ofj^^ Q) Be- 
ing tall and lofty. 

A Sii^i ashnazat, Swift of flight (a bird). 

A lavi»l ashmat, (pi. k^^ shumt and (jlkvi* 
shumtdn) Half gray, bi-coloured. 

A lj\ ti ,.> i \ ishmitdt, The being half gray-haired. 

A ls>\ia««^l ishmitdt, (v. n. 4 of la*»^ Q) Be- 
ing filled with rage. Making haste, and distribu- 
ting themselves all about in pursuit. Impatiently 
striking the ground (horses). Being dispersed 
(camels). Being erect (penis). 

A J^Uvi»^ ishmi^dl, (v. n. 4 of Jjt»^ Q) Be- 
ing on the brink of. Going on a predatory excur- 
sion. Roving in a large pasture. Making haste, 
and dispersing themselves in search of any thin"-. 

A J^v^i ashviak, The foam of a camel's mouth 
mixed with blood. 

A jj.»*»»i ashmal, More or most perfect, com- 
plete, universal, comprehensive, surpassing, tran- 
scendent. Larger, largest. Ashmul, (pi. of Jlvi» 
shimdl) Left hands. 

o u*»j^*rti ashrrmsd, A species of merow. 

A ^^v»»i M«/jwMTO,Name of two districts inEgypt. 

A tijjv-'i ashmun, Name of a city, and of a canal 
from the river Nile, near Damietta in Egypt. 

A ^^Jv*»^ ashnmnin, A city of Egypt, where 
many pyramids, sphinxes, &c. still remain. 

A Jjjv*»^ ashmawil, The prophet Samuel. 

p A .n».» 1 dsham'id, (for jjL*Li»l) A draught. 

Aj\jJ^\ ishmiszdz, (v. n. 4 of j\.^ Q) Draw- 
ing one's self together. Being affrighted. Creeping 
(as the skin does with terror). Disliking, detesting. 

A Ig lViT ,. ^ ^ ishmittdt, The being half-gray. 

A iJUajLv**^ ishmitdt, (v. n. 11 of Ixvm*) Being 
half-gray. Being mixed. 

p ^^\ ashan, A turned vest. An unripe melon. 

p U»»» I dshnd, A friend, companion, comrade, 
acquaintance. Swimming, floating. A swimmer. 
wlCo J U«* I dshnd u blgdna, Known and unknown, 
friends and strangers. U>m> t j^3»« mazdk-dshnd, 

Having a delicate taste. Uui I ^yt* maynn' -dshnd, 
Intelligent, learned in mysteries, significations, or 
relations of things. Uji»T j\ti-«» saddd-dshnd, Ac- 
customed to what is right, knowing the right way. 

p Uyi»\asAMa,A gem, precious stone. A swimmer. 

p (-jL^I dshndh, A swimmer. 

p LjjUii»\ ishndh, A swimmer. 

VjO\Xu>\ dshnd-bdz, A swimmer. 

p (_5jbUji»l dshnd-bdzl, Swimming, natation. 

p \S*Mj}^ lju*»l dshnd-parast, Friendly. 

p jU«i»l dshndd, The 25th day of the month. 

A cU«»\ iskndi, A going fast, a making haste. 

A ( JUy2»l ishndf, (v. n. 4 of i_ALi») Adorning 

(a girl) with ear-rings. 

p ^j!ilLi»l ishndftan. To understand, perceive. 

A Jj\J«i»\ ashndk, The intermediate numbers be- 
tween any two, as between 10 and 40 ; and between 
40 and 100 (especially with regard to the propor- 
tion of cattle taxed by the Muhammadan law from 
such herds or flocks for pious uses). Mulcts of ex- 
piation (for manslaughter), or rather, supplemen- 
tary parts of larger fines formerly paid ; also mulcts 
for maiming. Ishndh, (v. n. 4 of Jjw) Exacting 
those mulcts, or being obliged to pay them. Exalt- 
ing one's self (from self-conceit). Checking (a ca- 
mel) with the bridletill the back of his head touches 
the front of the saddle. Raising (his) head in that 
manner (a camel). Oppressing. Tying a string, 
called jV*-* shindk round the neck of a full bottle, 
and carrying or hanging it up thereby. 

PjiUuiil dshndgar, A swimmer. 

A jjlwl ishndn, (v. n. 4 of ,2r^) Sending a ma- 
rauding party to plunder on all sides. Sprinkling 
(water). Becomingoldandworn (a leathern bottle). 

p ^J^>Mi\ ushndn or ishndn. The herb alkali, and 
the ashes which are made from it, with which they 
wash clothes. jj\j ^j\xuA ushndn-ddrti, Hyssop. 

A "jli<*»l ushndniy, A seller of alkali. Name 
of several traditionists. 

p jUuiil dshndv, A swimmer. 

PjjU.i»l a«Awaroar, A swimmer. 

p »lJui»T dshndh. The art of swimming, nata- 
tion. A swimmer. 

p ^^bliii»T dshndydn, Acquaintances. 

p ^Uui»l dshndii, Friendship, acquaintance. 

A 1 ■''*'^ ashnah. One who has a clean, fresh, 
and sweet mouth and teeth. 

A ^iMi\ ushnat, A sort of dodder that entwines 
itself around the oak and pine. 

A *ijJ*l ashnay. Filthy, foul, odious, disagree- 
able. Unpleasant (day). 

p tiyj^\ ashnawad. Name of the second of the 
five days added to the last month of the Persian 
year, in order to make their twelve months, of 30 
days each, equal to a solaryear. Ushnud, He heard. 

p jyli^ju^^ ishnusha. Sneezing. 

A e^yJ*i\ ushnunat, Name of a fortress in Spain. 

p »i«*»W«^wa, Immature. fAsAna, Alkali. Moss 
which grows on trees. 

A ^_^->l tishna', A village in Upper Egypt. 

p j^j-»1«j1 ishnidan, To hear, to listen. 

p _jji» I ashu, Calamity, hurt, trouble. 

p jji»' ashu, (in zand and Pazand) Heavenly. 

A A^\ Uhnas, (v. n. 4 of t/_>»») Giving meat 
to roast. Preparing for roasting. Serving up roast 
meat. Beingripe and fit forparching (wheat). Turn- 
ing yellow and withering (a palm-leaf). Wounding 
but not mortally. Leaving (meat) from dinner or 
supper. Acquiring the worst kinds of cattle. 

AjfjuA ishwar, (v. n. 4 of,^) Raising (fire). 

A i»\_jjij\ ashwat, (pi. of )o^ sharct) Lists, 
courses. Single heats. Turns, rounds. Rays of 
light which enter at crevices. 

A jV^^ ashwak, (pi. o{ ^^shawk) Desires. 

A ■<J^\yM^ ashn-ak, (pi. of tJL)yi> shawk) Thorns. 
Ishwak, (v. n. 4 of (^_j«») Abounding in thorns. 

A J\yi»\ ashwal, (pi. of Jj-i shawl) Small quan- 
tities of water left in the bottoms of vessels. (Ca- 
mels) seven or eight months afterfoaling. (Camels) 
having the udders wrinkled from want of milk. 

p L->y«l o^/iSJ, Terror, dread, fear. Grief, af- 
fliction, misfortune. Confusion, discord, disturb- 
ance, tumult, riot, sedition, (incomp.) Disturbing. 

p f-^y^\ ashub, A poker, a coal-rake. 

pj*d u->yij I ashub-angez, An exciter of discord. 

PjOj*«l ashuhtar, More grievous. 

p (^U>^ I ashuhnak, Terrified, confused. 

p^^iix>jj*» t ashubldan/To be confused, disturbed. 

A iyi»l ashrvaz, Name of the son of Shem, son 
of Noah. (pi. i5j\ji»\ a»hawiz) A created being. 

A jjji»l nshur, (pi. ofjuA ushur andushar) The 
notched indented surfaces of the teeth, or a saw. 

p i^tXytt] a*7iS?YZaM, To mix, mingle, intermix, 
join, associate, couple, conjoin. To ferment. 

Ajj*»>l ashwaz, Proud, haughty, aiTOgant. 

A (_j>>jji»\ ashwas, One who contracts his eyes 
and knits his brow to look more steadily. Long. 

A (_^jjS»1 ashivas, One who winks with his eyes. 

A «.^**>^ ashivaf, One who has rough and disor- 
dered locks (of hair). 

p ij^i nshuffh, Of unknown family orcoimtry. 

P (_/**j*" I ashuftagi, Disquietude, uneasiness. 

P tirJ_j*" \ aahuftan, To be disturbed, 

p siaj-ji ashufta, Disturbed in mind. 

A ^y^S ashwak, Inflamed with love. Long, 
tall. More or most inclined or propense. 

A Oy^S ushul, Ropes for measuring. 

A ^jj*»j1 ashsun, (pi. of jjLS>) Lachrymal ducts. 

A i^\ ashwak, Ugly. One with an evil or 
fascinating eye. Self-important, haughty, proud. 

A »ji»i uskah. Gum ammoniac. 

A A.f^\ isk-hcu, (v. n. 4 of V^ for^^) Giving 
one what he longs for. Viewing with an evil eye. 

A t-jlfwi^ ish-hab, (v. n, 4 of 4_<yw>) Begetting 

( 100 ) 

white or ash-coloured foals. Emaciating or de- 
stroying cattle (a severe year). 

A J^-i»l ash-had, (pi. of iJ*lji» shahid) Wit- 
nesses, such as have been present (eye-witnesses). 
Ish-had, (v. n. 4 of t3>^) Citing, summoning. Be- 
ing a martyr. Being menstruous (a girl), arriving 
at the age of puberty. Having a seminal effusion. 

aX^\ ish-hdr, (v. n. 4 of j^) Making known. 
Entering upon or spending a month. Drawing (a 
sword). Entering upon her ninth month (a preg- 
nant woman). 

A i_-Af^\ ask-kah. White or ash-coloured (ca- 
mel or mule). Whitish (ambergris). Cold, frosty 
(day). Shining, polished (spear). Barren (year). 
A lion. A difficult business. A whitish she-goat. 
jfi>S\ I— «^\ ash-hdb adham. Dark red, chesnut-co- 
loured.^y<ai-l 'r-'V**^ ask-kah ahkzar, A light lively 
green. Ash-kub, (pi. of i_^l.pi>) Flaming fires. 

A L->\jy»»\ ish-kibah, (v. n. 9 of u-*^) Being 
of an ash-colour (a horse). 

A (jb^al al ask-habani. Two years without 
rain between two rainy and verdant years. 

A j^l ask-kar. More ormostcelebrated,known, 
notorious. i^jf(^'^^ al ash-karani. The drum and 
standard. Ash-hur, (pi. of ^^ skakr) Months. 
Ol«ji*«j^l ask-kur maMindt, The four known 
or sacred months, viz. J^jJ^ shawwdl, JJ*a31 jh 
zu'l ka^a, &s.*^ ji zu'l hijja, and ^j^ muhar- 
ram, during which it is reckoned unlawful to go to 
war (a prohibition which is more ancient among the 
Arabs than Muhammadism). 

A (Jy^I ash-kal. Gray-eyed. Name of an idol. 

A JiJwpii»l isk-hildl, (v. n. 9 of J-j-j) Having 
eyes of a darkish gray, with a shade of red or pink. 

A ^J-t(^^ ash-ha'. More desirous, or desirable. 

A L_Juji^l ish-ktbdb, (v. n. 11 of i_*^) Being 
of an ash-colour. Remaining green in some parts 
or patches (withered and dry corn). 

A j_^ I dska', Jesse, the father of David. 

A ^^\asky, (v.n.ofj^i»l) Feigning, inventing. 
Finding necessary, having occasion, being forced. 

A j^\ ashvy or ushiy. The star on (a horse's) 
forehead. TJshty, Whiteness of leg (in a horse). 
TJskayy, A small palm-tree. Name of a valley. 

A >ljb^\ uskydf, (pi. of •*(<*' shays) Things. 
Clothes, effects. Iskyds, (v. n. 4 of >U» for Li») 
Forcing (any one) to take refuge. 

A ~.\f^\ askydkk, (pi. of ijhI shaykh) Old men, 
sages, senatoi'S, doctors, prelates, dervises, religious 
men. f>^ »^^^^ askyakhu'n nujum, The origi- 
nals of the stars, which are seven. 

A cL/i>l askya^ (pl.of «^ «/ia?/s) Parts, quan- 
tities. Lions' whelps, (pi. of «xju^ skifat) Compa- 
nions, equals, peers. Followers, dependants. 

p Uji«Lo ( i\jMi\ ashyaft maniisd, Poppy-juice. 

p jjL-i* I ashydn, (or ioLi»T dshydna) A nest. 
A ceiling,roof. yl-lT d^jannat-dshydn, (Hav- 

ing a nest in Paradise) the blessed, the deceased of 
happy memory, dwelling in Paradise. OjUm 
jjLwjI sa^dat-dshyd7t,1he nest of felicity (one of 
the titles of the Ottoman Porte). (^'^j> io\J^l 
dshydna kardan, To build a nest. 


A bLi) ashydya', (pi. of >j_^ shays) Hhinga. 

p (_j>jui» I as/(t6, Terror. Affliction. Confusion. 

A 1. I'j^-M askyab, (pi. \ ^ -j^** skib and shuyuh) 
White, gray-haired. Cold and cloudy. Old man. 

p AM 1 dshij, Opposite, adverse, contrary. 

Ajyi»' ashyur, {Tpl. o{j\jMi shrydr) Saturdays. 

p »\J1oS» I dshigdh, A privy. 

A jfi^S ashyam. Distinguished by a mole or any 
other natural mark. 

p ijw 1 dskln, A cook. A baker, 

p dJmm 1 dshina, An egg. 

A »^Mi\ ashyak, More or most base, shameful. 
More or most reproachful. (A man) having va- 
rious-coloured hair ; (jjb^ ahlak is applied to a 
grizzled horse, and l.j\ azras to a grizzled goat), 

p »i^iMt 1 dshiha, (or ji^Jlm^ askVia) The neigh- 
ing of a horse. Echo. 

A i^ja\ ass, (v. n. of (^^) Breaking. Render- 
ing smooth. Shining, glittering. Being firm in 
flesh, compact, and abounding in milk (a camel). 
Crowding, pressing, thronging. Iss, ass, or ust, 
(pi. ;_>oLo\ isds) Root, origin. 

A ^\ja\ issds, (v. n. 4 of (_f l>o) Causing to chirp, 

A t-,>Uo\ isjdb, (v. n. 4 of u.«»«r') Having the 
head full of nits. 

A &jLo\ isdbat, (v. n. 4 of («jLa for L^yo) 
Overtaking, reaching, arriving at, finding, disco- 
vering, meeting with, obtaining. Injuring, hurt- 
ing, afflicting. Speaking properly, conceiving well, 
hitting the mark. Striking, touching. Ascending. 
Accuracy. Want, necessity. Contagion. 

A J^l^i asdbif, (pi. of Xfo^ ashat) Fingers. 
«^lo^l ul.>\ii zdtu 'I asdbi^ Name of a place in 
Syria. J^^^ *-^.^ ghdyat asdbi^ The little fin- 
ger. t—^J J^l-oW«a6^f^^rt^/7^a6, A kind of sweet- 
meats. (_fj\ jjO^ J^^^ asdbi^'l fazdra', A species 
of long black grape. Obcaj^ J?^^ asdbifu'lfa- 
taydt. Sweet basil. Jl^ J^^^ asdbi^sufr, Tur- 
meric, i^^^ J^^^ asdMifir^wn, Name of a 
kind of pearl or stone like a finger found in the Red 
Sea. (j*-«_;fc J?btf \ asdbifU hurmus, Wild safiron. 

A JjIoI asabil, (pi. of ,J-la-iol utabl) Stables, 

A J^.lol asdbif, (pi. of S'^JuA^ usbu^ Fingers, 

A ioLoi isdtat, (v. n. 4 of OLo for CJyoi) 
Sounding, making a noise, exclaiming, shouting, 

A >_.< . ■ •> ■ Uo\ a.$a/(I&,(pl. of u-«»-L0 sa/tt6,)Lord8, 
friends, companions, associates. 

A »j>-Loi isdkhat, A listening, an attending to. 

A t>loU'«afZ, A hollow place between mountains, 
where water stagnates, a marsh. A kind of dish or 
plate. oLo^l 0\ii zdtu'l isdd. Name of a place. 

A Siilol isadat, (v. n. 4 of liUa for Sxto) Injur- 
ing, hurting. Medicating, curing (a camel) of the 
disease called jLa sad. 

A jii^^ asadih, (pi. of Jjiiix* sadiW) Sincere, 
true. Friends. 

A jLe 1 asar, (pi. oiycS isr) Oaths or formulae 
used in divorcing, freeing slaves, or vowing to God. 

AjLo\ isar, (or 'iXio\ harat) (pi. wol usur') A 
short rope for fastening the lower parts of a tent to 
the pins. A tent-pin. A basket. Dry herbage, hay. 
A sheet or cloth in which fodder is gathered. 

A iSjo\ isarat, (v. n. 4 otXto foTjyo) Causing 
to incline. Making crooked. Breaking, (v. n. 4 
of jUe for Jui«) Causing to become. 

A /»)^^ asarim, (pi. of f,jto siiin) Contiguous 
-treets, adjoining houses. Blows. Crowds. 

A fij^ asarim, (pi. of |«;«o) Blows. Crowds. 

A (_^L«^ isas, (pi. of j_>o I ass, iss, or wss) Roots. 

A iLioLo\ isasat, (v. n. 4 of (^La for j^jaJLo) 
Producing the bad date t^jaJuo st« (a palm-tree). 

A ,yio\^\ asatil, (pi. of (J,.^xo\ istabl) Stables. 

A ii.C-La\ issauid, Ascent. 

A j&Uo^ asaghir, (and 'J^Lo\ asaghirai) (pi. 
ofji«fl\ asghai") Smaller, less. Contemptible. 

A wUo\ isafat, (v. n. 4 of i__>\jO for lJjlo) 
Entering upon the summer-season. Begetting chil- 
dren in old age. Averting (evil from any one). 

A JL« I asal, (pi. of Jjuo\ OiiZ) Evenings. 

A «3Uj\ a^alat, (v. n. of ,3-a^) Being firmly 
, rooted, steady, immoveable. Being steady and 
solid (the judgment). Firmness, constancy, soli- 
dity of judgment. Radicalness. 

A &5La^ asdlatan. In one's own right. 

A JVJol issahth, (v. n. 6 of X^e irregular) Mak- 
ing peace with one another, becoming reconciled. 

A i—fiiUol asalif, (pi. of u-flLo\) Hard lands. 

A jjIUol asalik, (pi. of Jj)ufl) I^evel grounds. 

A lijLa) asa/td, (pi. of jUo «arf) Veins between 
the eyes of a camel. Diseases in camels causing a 
discharge at the nose. Camels affected therewith. 

A JjIo! asasil, (pi. of Jjuo^ ««0 Evenings. 

A ^b-o^ ashas, (pi. of \juo «a&a') East winds, 
zephyrs, gentle gales. Ishcu, (v. n. 4 of Lo) Ris- 
ing (a star). Growing (a tooth or nail). Direct- 
ing, guiding an enemy against any one. Rushing 
upon, attacking unexpectedly. Putting one's fin- 
gers into the dish to help one's self to food. (v. n. 
4 of Uo for^J-o) Bearing a male child. Turn- 
ing to the east wind. Inclining or inviting one to 
juvenile practices or frolics. Making frantic with 
love. Having an east wind (a day) 

A \^\.yjo\ ashab, (pi. of u>iyio sabaV) Sloping 
grounds. Ishah, (v. n. 4 of iJ1*jo) Entering upon 
a sloping ground, beginning to descend a declivity. 

A -X^\ashah, (pi. of ^-o suhh) Dawns, aui'o- 
ras, day-breaks, mornings. Isbah, (v. n. 4 of ^f^) 
Rising betimes. Coming, doing any thing, early 

( 101 ) 

in the morning. Bringing forth the morning. En- 
tering on the morning. Becoming (learned). Di- 
ligence, application of mind. Knowing, being well- 
informed. Looking to the end or issue of any 
thing. The morning, the dawn. 

A jb-a^ asbar, (pi. of Jua sibr and subr) White 
clouds. Sides, brinks, margins, brims. iXx^\ ^i\ 
ila' asbarihi, (Filled) to the brim (vessel). Sjbwab 
bi asbarihi. In whole, the whole of it. Isbar, (v. 
n. 4 of JLo) Commanding one to exercise patience. 
Detaining one forcibly, and putting to death. 
Rendering (any one) patient. Eating a biscuit 
called 'ij>x,osabirat. Falling into misfortune (called 
j^jLo 2\ icmni sdbbuf). Becoming acid even unto 
bitterness (milk). Putting the stopple into a cruet. 
Covering over (the mouth of a vessel). Sitting 
upon a cairn or heap of stones, called JJwa sablr. 

A cUol asbagh, (pi. of i^ sibgh) Colours, 
tinctures, dyes. Ishagh, (v. n. 4 of jJ«o) Confer- 
ring benefits abundantly. Having dates partly ripe 
(a palm-tree). Bringing forth a hairy foetus (a 
camel). Dipping the hands into the flesh and 
blood of swine, i.e. eating them. 

A (j\iiU-o\ w6aAa», Ispahan. One of the twelve 
modes of music. 

A ^-lo^ asbah, (fem. -*l^^ sabha/) Black, in- 
. dining to red. A lion. Hair naturally white and 
red mixed. One whose hair is of that colour. 

A ^1^^ asbahiy, A whipping. A scourge. 

AjXjo\ asbar, More or most patient. jfi>j^\ ^ 
jU)\ (3^ ma asbarahum fola 'n nar. How they will 
have to endure the fire ! 

A jVual isbirdr, (v. n. 9 ofjXo) Being patient. 

A »;fo\ asbirat, Camels, and other cattle, which 
go out in the morning and return in the evening 
without straying. 

A Jf<o^ asbaf, asbif, asbuf, isbaf, isbif, isbu^ 
usbaf,usbif,aniusbuf, (pi. *^LdWsa6i?)A finger. 
A favourable impression. A good sign. *fjOjl|3** 
mughillu'l isbaf. Perfidious. 

A k^\ asbagh, (A horse) whose fore-lock and 
tip of the ear are white. White-tailed (bird). A 
torrent, a mighty stream. One who, when beaten, 
bedaubs his clothes. Thin black mud. 

A &&-^Juel usbuhat, The morning, dawn, aurora. 

A 9jf«^ usbuf, (pi. *^ba^ asdbi^ A finger. 

p (jLjwia\ isbahdn, Ispahan, capital of Persia. 

A ju Jjt^jMol asbahbaziyat, A certain coin cur- 
rent in Irak. Name of a college in Baghdad. 

A ^^\ asbi, (or »-f>ol asbiyat) (pi. of (^g^ 
sabiy) lioys, youths. Edges of swords or knives. 
Princes, chiefs of the people. Sides of the cheek- 
bones or jaws. Those parts of the skull below the 
ears. Pupils, apples of eyes. 

A — Wv^ ' isbihdh, (v. n. 11 of ^-a) Being na- 
turally of a red and white colour (hair). 

\a.s<,(v.n.ofOua\)Beingbare (afield). 


A jUtiitfl istikdr, (v. n. 8 of jOo) Being kin- 
dled, blazing (a fire). 

A -.^lJko\ istildh, (v. n. 8 of J.o) Being recon- 
ciled together. Comingtogetherabout one business. 

A >ol asahh. More or most true or authentic. 
More or most accurate, correct, sound, or healthy. 

A s\^^ is-hR^, (v. n. 4 of Ur* for^) Be- 
coming clear and serene (the sky). Recovering 
from ebricty . Going out, taking the air when fine. 

A ^la£^' asihhdt, (and ««:^' asihhat) (pi. of 
—laC* sahdh and }>^* sahlh) Free from blemish, 
sound, whole. Complete, perfect. 

A t-»l^* as-hdb, (pi. of i_«*>-\-a sdhib) Lords. 
Possessors, masters. Friends, companions, inti- 
mates. Inhabitants. Af»- j Su^\ f^\^ as-hdbi 
akhbiya u hhiydm. Dwellers in pavilions and tents. 
j\Jis\i^\^^as-hdbii^ihdr, Esteemed, confiden- 
tial, honourable men. jU\ f^\^^ as-hdbu'nndr. 
Companions of fire, the damned, j tJJ l-jW^ 
C^"^ as-habi bida^ u zaldlat, Innovators, de- 
viating from the right path. ^.^ l->1^ as- 
hdbi tadbir, Sage ministers, prudent counsellors, 
i? jU5 (_->l^^ as-hdhi tan-drikh. Historians, wri- 
ters of chronicles, p i\>- (-->l*:^ as-hdbijdh, Emi- 


nent, possessedof dignity, a ^j>:S?" l^Xs^ 
jahim, Inhabitants of hell. u1a!_j»^ u-»W* 
dawlat. Grandees, nobles, great men, ministers. 
(J1a>\, . L-.>Vjs?° (.J'^ bafzi as-hdbi rimdyat, Cer- 
tain historians. i-J^i-* (_-»\^' as-hdbi suyuf, 
(Soldiers)possessed of swords,swordsmen. ujt^*' 
J* as-hdbi ^Im, Learned men, the literati. ^-J'.^ 
(•j^ as-hdbifuhum, Intelligent, sagacious, endowed 
with understanding. (_>a>ai' l-jI*^ as-hdbi hisas, 
Historians, masters of history, t— A^^ ^\^ as- 
hdbi kahf. Inhabitants of the cave, i. e. the seven 
sleepers, p ^J>,^f ^\^ as-hdbi guzin. Select 
friends, the companionsof Muhammad, a (_jW* 
jlij as-habi nifdh, Impious liai-s, hypocrites, in- 
fidels. T ^U.** J JT aZ u as-hdbi. The posterity and 
companions of Muhammad, a Is-hdb, (v. n. 4 of 
u^s:**) Associating, giving a companion, joining. 
Taking, receiving a companion. Leaving a lea- 
thern bottle hairy and undressed. Marching on 
without halting. Having a gi-een film floating on 
its surface (water). Preventing. Having a son 
who has attained the age of puberty. Becoming 
gentle and tractable after having been stubborn and 
refractory. Tending, taking care (of a maniac). 

A -U:^^ is-hdh, (v. n. 4 of ^) Having one's 
family or stock safe and sound. Restoring to health. 

A jU^^ is-hdr, (v. n. 4 of jS^) Going forth 
into the desert. Being wide and spacious (a place). 
Being one-eyed. 

A ^Isi*^ is-hdf, (v. n. 4 of u-SaS^) Collecting 
or being collected (books). 

A ^js*^ as-hab, (An ass) whitish dust-co- 
loured, inclining to red. 


Aj^^ as-har, (An ass) whitish dust-colour- 
ed, inclininEC to red. A lion. 
A ^y^ as-hal, Hoarse. 
A f^^ as-ham, Black, inclining to yellow. 

A ^J^i^^ as-hnn, (pi. of j^;*^ sahn) Dishes. 

aJ\jJ^^ is-hirar, (v. n. 11 of j*^) Turning 
reddish and white (withered grass). 

A (.W*^ is-hwimn, (v. n. 11 of **:*) Becom- 
ing yellow (grass). Becoming of a bright green. 
From green, turningyellowwithamixtureof black. 
Wanting rain (the earth). Being nipped by cold 
and beginning to wither (com). 

A ijli^^ ishhad, (v. n. 4 of i>i^) Basking in 
the sun. 

AjlaS^^ iskhar, (v. n. 4 of jS^) Coming to a 
rocky, stony place. 

A OU-s^^ iskJntat, (v. n. 11 of tl*ai* not 
used) Subsiding (the swelling of a wound). Being 
restored to health. 

A S^\ usd, A small shift. Isad, (pi. of ii^^\ 
isdai) Places where people assemble. 

A ^J«e^ asdat, Bust-coloured. (A goat) of a 
reddish black colour. 

A Acy^S isdas, (v. n. 4 of (^j-fl) Returning an 
echo. Dying. 

A ii\ii-ol isdad, (v. n. 4 of !i-tf ) Averting, pre- 
venting, hindering, prohibiting. Being purulent, 
full of corrupted matter. 

Ajlii-ol kddr, (v. n. 4 of .Ouo) Leading home 
from water. 

A c^sJa\ issidac, (v. n. 8 of »4>-«) Being split, 
cleft, divided, separated, scattered. 

A c^iixo^ asdagh, (pi. of i Ju» sudgK) The tem- 
ples, that part of the face from the eyes to the ears ; 
the hair that flows around the temples. 

jl J-i»\ asdaf, (pi. of i Jii-» sadaf) Shells, 

shell-fish, pearls. Isdaf, (v. n. 4 of i_Jiixo) Di- 
verting from, alienating, estranging. 

A j^tS"^^ isdak, (v. n. 4 of i3>X.*) Giving (a 
woman) her dowry. 

A iii-ol asidat, A kind of dish. 

A iiXto\ isdat, (pi. iXo\ Ma<i) A place where 
people collect. Usdat, A small shirt, such as is 
called a Banyan shirt in India. A shift worn by girls. 

A -,Sjo\ asdah, A lion (as roaring). 

A jiJxel asdar, Breasted, having a large breast. 

A j^\jiiwifll asdarani, (dual) Two veins below 
the temples, w ,ii»o^ i^jta>_^\»-jdsayazribuas- 
darayhi, He came empty. 

A (jls-J-o^ asdaghani, The two temporal veins. 

A i__9Jmo^ asdaf, (A horse) that straddles much, 
and whose feet point outwards. 

A jii«^^ asdah, More or most true or veracious, 
truer, truest. j^jjijUiil ^,:,^\asdaku'lkatiTm,'T\ie 
truest of speakers (an epithet of God). 

A >\sj««\ asdikdf, (pi. of ^J^.^^) True friends. 

A j,tXto\ asdam, Bald about the temples. 

( 102 ) 

Aj^\ asr, (v. n. of ^^) Inclining, turning. 
Swearing to divorce or manumit. Vowing. Break- 
ing. Detaining, imprisoning, coercing. Fixing 
the pinjL9\ isdr to a tent. Isr, Whatever gives 
inclination or bias. (pi. jV^ I asar or ij'j-o^ isrdn) 
An oath or formula used in pronouncing a divorce, 
manumitting a slave, or vowing to God. The ori- 
fice of the ear. Isr, asr, or usr, A compact, con- 
vention, treaty, agreement. A crime, sin, fault. 
A burthen, load, weight. TJsur, (pi. ofjUfl\ isdr) 
Short ropes with which they fasten the inner parts 
of tents to the poles. Sheets or cloths in which 
grass is gathered. Herbage, fresh grass, dry hay. 

A f\yo\ isrdf, (v.n.4of (jy;»o) Selling a sheep 
that has been kept unmilked for several days. 

A <^]fo\ isrdb, (v. n. 4 of (_-^) Giving, be- 
stowing. Giving sour milk to drink. 

A ^]fo\ isrdh, (v. n. 4 of _;^) Speaking openly, 
shewing plainly. 

A ^]/o\ isrdhh, (v. n. 4 of ^^) Assisting. 

A ii\j>o\ isrdd, A shooting beyond the mark. 

Aj\yo\ isrdr, (v. n. 4of3^) Pricking his ears 
(a horse). Being ready to come forth (an ear of 
corn). Going to a distance and making haste. Per- 
severing, persisting in any thing bad, contracting a 
wrong habit. Obstinacy, stubbornness. 

A i—J\j^\ isrdf, (v. n. 4 of t— J^o) Composing 
a poem whose verses end in different vowels. The 
last syllable of verses ending with difierent vowels. 

A (.U^o) asrdm, (pi. of j»;-a sirm) Adjoining 
streets or houses. Blows. Crowds. Isrdm, (v. n. 
4 of jtyo) Being poor, destitute. Being the season 
for gathering ripe dates. Having dates fit for ga- 
thering (a palm-tree). Being needy, having a nu- 
merous family. Possessing a herd of camels. 

A (j]/«^ isrdn, (pi. of_^) isr) Orifices of ears 
Oaths or formulae used in pronouncing a divorce, 
freeing slaves, or vowing to God. 

A ij^\ dsirat, (pi. j<o)jl awo-sir) Good-will, be- 
nevolence, grace, favour. Whatever renders one 
agreeable to another, as companionship, affinity, or 
merit of any kind. A short rope, with which the 
inner part of tents are fastened to the poles, (pi. 
oij^je\ isdr, q.v.). 

A 'iyo\ asirrat, (pi. oiJ^yO sirdr) Strings with 
which they tie the dugs of camels, to prevent the 
young from sucking. 

A ^j>e\ asru^ (pi. of ej/0«ar^or«r^)Modes, 
kinds, sorts, similitudes. 

A ^jto] asram, Poor, encumbered by a family. 

A i^j>o\ a«ramawt. Night and day. The crow 
and the wolf. The crow and the bird J^ surad. 

A ijj>o\ asirra' or asirri. Labour, pains. Pur- 
pose, design, resolution. 

A t-->L>j^\ isrihab, The being smooth and sleek. 

A i^jaio\ usus, (pi. oi[^yo\ asus) Fat (camels) 
not conceiving. Thieves, robbers. 

A i»->Ua>o\ istibdb. The being poured out. 

A _Uia/o! istibdh, (v. n. 8 of ^) Taking a 
morning draught. Lighting a lamp or candle. 

A jCl^\ istibdr, (v. n. 8 of^) Striving to be 
patient. Being patient. Tracing, tracking. 

A iLia^\ istibdgh, (v. n. 8 of jf^) Being sea- 
soned with sauce. Being dyed. Baptism. 

A j^Uxol istibdn, A departing, a retiring. 

G 'i.xiajo\ ustubbat. Hemp, tow, bards, oakum. 

G JJa^^ istabl, A stable, stall. lJj^j J J^a^^ 
istabli darvdbb, A stable. A cow-house. 

A u->\*r*^^ istihdb, (v.n. 8 of t-*^) Associ- 
ating together. Keeping each other company. 
Keeping, taking care of. Fellowship, society. 

A J^^^ istihdm. The act of standing upright. 

A L->U^^ istihhdb, (v. n. 8 of ^>ae^) Being 
noisy and clamorous. Roaring (waves). Being 
noisy and confused (the chirping of birds). 

A ^l*^^ istikhdd, (v. n. 8 of Jas^) Standing 
upright in the sun. 

A aIst^^' iitikhdm, The act of standing erect. 

p iJixol {gtdkhr, The ancient name of Perse- 
polis, the capital of Persia during the three first dy- 
nasties ; the royal residence being afterwards re- 
moved to Madayin on the Tigris. A lake, pool. 

A jliila»ol ^s^(■(/af^ The being covered, or veiled. 

A ^\;iixol istiddm, (v. n. 8 of *»>-«) Striking 
each other. Collision, clash. 

A jl*>ol astur, (pi. oijojo satr or satar) Lines. 

oJ\aje\ ustur, A pound troy. 

A (-jUa-ot istirdb, (v. n. 8 of L-*^) Collect- 
ing milk in small quantities in a leathern bottle, and 
leaving it to turn sour. 

A ■•- yV^ -^^ istirdhh, A crying out to one another. 

A ^\Jiajo\ istird^ (v. n. 8 of ey«) Wrestling. 

A ( >\j\a^\ istirdf, (v. n. 8 of u-J^) Turning 

about to gain any thing. 

A (»ya>o\ istirdm, (v. n. 8 of mjio) Pruning, 
lopping. Reaping. 

p ^\x>o\ istarakh, A lake, a pool. Istakhar. 

G LiJJa.a\ astarak, A sweet gum called storax. 

G i^^Isjo] usturldb, An astrolabe. 

A ^y^^ajo\ usiurldbiy, A maker of astrolabes. 

G "iJhjeXusturafipVj^^a^o] ?/rfar) A troy balance. 

A Olxli^l istifdd, (v. n. 8 ofi^juo) Ascending. 

A ialnViKO^ isti^dt, (v. n. 8 of \uuo) Injecting a 
cephalic medicine into one's own nostrils. 

A As^:ijo\ istifdi, ( v. n. 8 of lio for jO.©) Choos- 
ing, electing, selecting. 

A (_jlttlio\ istifdf, (v. n. 8 of i«_ft«e) Being 
drawn up in a row, set in array. 

A jlaiiol /s^?/aA, (v. n.8 of ijio) Being struck 
(chordsof a lyre). Beingshaken by the wind (tree). 

G (jjlala.o\ istaJUn, A carrot. 

G ^^^^ajo\ astafi. Liquid storax. 

G ;j^alio\ astafin, A carrot. 

AjUilx^\ istikdr, (v. n. 8 of^A-o) Being kindled. 

A ufJ\Oa^\ istikdk, (y.n. 8 of i2Xa) Knocking 
the knees together in walking (from weakness). 
Cutting (as one foot against another). Striking 
one another (with swords), p iji^ i^j <^»lio\ 
isiikahi Zand liardan, To strike fire by friction. 

A 'a«vUol istahnat or ustuhmat, Bread baked 
under the ashes. 

A >^Ua>e\ istilas, A being heated by the fire. 

A (_->i)Ja/fll istilah, (v. n. 8 of <-_A«o) Extract- 
ing marrow from bones. 

A _^Ua-a\ istilah, (v.n. 8 of J/o) Being recon- 
ciled. A particular mode of speaking peculiar to 
certain classes, crafts, trades, arts, or professions. 
Phraseology, phrase, idiom : slang, cant. 

A OWiUxitfl istilaluU, Forms of speech. 

A ^^p■5Ufi«Ol istilahiy, Technical, conventional. 

A |jiUa<al istilah, (v. n. 8 of Jfl^*) Grinding 
with the teeth. Gnashing, gi*ating. 

A |«^\ istilam, (v. n. 8 of J-o) Eradicating. 

A iljliol ustummat, The greater, or middle part 
of any thing, the centre of a mass, or collection, 
the aggregate, conflux. 

A e,Uixo\ istinaf, (v. n. 8 of *l»a) Receiving or 
bestowing a favour. Choosing, selecting for any 
special purpose. Ordering a seal or ring to be en- 
graved. Educating, rearing, bringing up. Inform- 
ing, teaching, exercising. Applying to any trade, 
study, or art. Preparing a feast, providing an en- 
tertainment. c\jii>o^j 1*)^ ?\y ' o-nwafimaharim 
uw^inaf, Different kinds of obligations and favours. 

Aj^lxo\ istihar, (v. n. 8 of jj<o) Eating drip- 
ping, fat, or marrow. Dissolving, causing to melt. 

A (i\Ja<e\ istiyad, (v. n. 8 of <jL« for iJJt^) 

A ( >Lla^\ istiyaf, (v. n. 8 of ( 9l<« for i_iji<fl) 

Passing the summer (which is called i 'i\io sayf). 

A A^^Ja^el istiyam, (v. n.8 of *Ue for *y«) Fast- 
ing. Abstaining from meat, drink, talk, or venery. 

A ^jUlxo \ istiyan, (v. n. 8 of ^J^>o for loj^) 
Guarding, preserving, laying up, keeping. 

A {^\jue\ ii^ab, (v. n. 4of (.^uuo) Being diffi- 
Cjilt. Being or becoming disobedient and trouble- 
some. Possessing a stubborn, refractory camel. 
Finding (any body or thing) troublesome. Setting 
(a camel) at liberty, and not riding (him). 

A (iU/fll wsa</,(v.n.4of;iJto)Ascending. Going 
kr travelling by land (particularly to Mecca). De- 
ending into a valley. Taking a liking to a colt 
riast year (a camel). Inducing a camel which has 
St her foal to take a liking to her last year's colt. 
if A camel) being delivered of an untimely birth,and 
Bcked by her col t of the former year, to preserve her 
ilk. Causing a camel to bring forth an abortion. 

aXjuoS iiffar, (v. n. 4 ofjwtf) Averting the face, 
iistorting the countenance, looking with indigna- 
fion and contempt on any one. 

A \>\juo\ isfat, (v. n. 4 of lajufl) Injecting me- 

( 103 ) 

dicine or snuff into the nostrils (of another). 

A j^*^^ is^k, (v. n. 4 of ^j>uo) Casting fire 
from heaven. Causing to swoon. 

A ^J^*^^ is^n, (v.n.4 of jj^*itf not in use) Hav- 
ing a small head and little sense. 

A i_«M»/o'a«sa&, More or most difficult. Strongly 
fortified, and difficult of capture. 

A JjKfl' issaf^ud, Ascent. 

Ayuo\ as^r, Wry-necked or mouthed. Wry- 
necked (camel). Perishing, going to ruin. 

aJ\jm\ is^rrdr, (v. n.4 of jjfua Q) Turning 
round from pain. Drawing one's self together. 

A ^y»^\ as^l, Small-headed and small-necked 
(man or ostrich). Small-headed (palm-tree). 

A ^jU«*9\ i^^ndn, (v. n. 9 of f^^t^ not used) 
Being slender and small. 

Aj\^i*xs! is^nrar, (v. n. 3 of.yuo Q) Turning 
round from pain. Drawing one's self together. 

A jIa**>o\ is^nfiir, (v. n. 3 ofjijt^ Q) Being 
driven by fear in all directions. Being bent (neck). 

A JiL*-ol isfildl, (v.n. 11 of Jjwo) Having a 
small head and slender neck. 

A >U<o\ isghds, (v. n. 4 of Uo for^to) Hear- 
ing, listening, lending an ear. Turning the head, 
as if listening to any thing. Inclining (a vessel) to 
one side. Diminishing, rendering deficient and in- 
complete (any thing). Bending (a leathern bottle) 
when about to drink. 

AjUol isffhdr, (v. n. 4 of^io) Lessening, di- 
minishing. Rendering vile or contemptible, making 
abject and slavish. Sewing (a leathern bottle) with 
small and close stitches. Producing short, stunted 
grass, or small, weak, and tender plants (ground). 
Causing little ones to be brought forth. 

Ajm\ asffhar, Less, least, smaller, smallest. 
(pl.jC-Lol asdghir and 'isX^\ asaghirai) Little, 
small, contemptible. ^^yuo'^\ al asgharani, (The 
two lesser or least) The heart and tongue. 

A ijuo\ asgha'. Wry-headed. 

A ui-j^ (j} i_Ao I dsafhin barhhiyd, Name of 
a great man, supposed by the Arabians to have been 
Solomon's grand vazlr. By invoking the name of 
the Most High, in a twinkle he brought the throne 
of Balkis to Solomon, a two month's journey. 

A L-Ao) asaf, The caper-tree or root. 

A >lio\ asfds, (pi. of '»lao safdt) Large smooth 
stones. Isfds, (v.n. 4 of lio f or ^Lto') Straining, 
racking. Draining (a man) dry. Shewing a sin- 
cere regard. Choosing, electing, selecting, prefer- 
ing. Taking the whole of any thing. Being des- 
titute (of property), lacking (instruction). Laying 
no eggs (a hen). Being addle (a poet's brain). 

A -^Ato\ isfdh, (v. n. 4 of Juo^ Refusing a pe- 
titioner. Makingbroad. Turning the flat side of (a 
sword, or any other similar thing). 

A i>Vfto\ a-ifdd, (pi. ofiiSLa safad) Chains, fet- 
ters, bonds. Presents. Z</'arf,(v.n.4of J>io)Bind- 

ing. Fastening, making fast. 

aJa^\ asfdr, (pi. of^io sufr, sifr, safr, safir, 
and sufur) Empty, (pi. of^^ safar) Name of 
the second month in the Arabian year, the next to 
Muharram. JJtao\ f-\i\ incuun asfdmn. An empty 
vessel. Isfar, (v. n. 4 of^Ao) Being poor, empty- 
handed. Emptying, stripping (a house). 

A ^li-ol isfagh, (v. n. 4 of ja«») Causing (a 
person) to take (a thing) up in the hand. 

A cJlfl-ot isfdf, (v. n. 4 of ijjfto) Covering a 
saddle: making a seat {'isuo suffat) for a saddle. 

A ^jla-a^ i^fcih, (v. n. 4 of ^^io) Shutting the 
door. Milking cattle only once a day. Covering. 
Placing a dish (on a table). Consenting, suiting, 
agreeing. Turning (any one) back. Filling (a 
cup). Pouring (wine) from one vessel into another, 
racking it off. Encountering, lighting on. Meet- 
ing (with food or pasture) in abundance. 

A Jli*oi isfal, (v. n. 4 of ^^Sbo) Feeding (ca- 
mels) on the herb ^,qM sifsilla'. 

V (.ibl*la*ol isfdhdnah, One of the twelve 
modes of music. 

A Ji>o\ asfah, One whose forehead is broad. 

Aj—iola«/ar, Yellow, pale, livid. Black. More 
or most empty. More or most timid. A bird with 
a shrill note. jLe':^\jxi banu'lasfar. The Greeks. 

Ajl^fl*ol isjirdr, (v. n. 9 of jio) Being yellow. 
Turning pale. 

A ^J\^^y\ alasfardni, (The two yellows) Gold 
and saffron. The plant (.>>)j mars and currants. 

A iiJ*io\ isfapind, Wine. 

A iajjijo] isfint or ufant, Grape-wine. 

p y\.ji>o\ isfahdn. The capital of Persia. 

Pj jL« ^ a/a\ isfah-sdldr, A general. 

A ,^-fl' asfa', More or most pure. 

A ^Lftyol asjiydi, (pi. of i_^ safiy) Pure, just. 

Aj\jJijo\ isfirdr, (v. n. 11 ofjSuo') Being ex- 
cessively yellow. Turning exceedingly pale. 

A u— 'ULol ishdh, (v.n.4of i_-*S>e) Being near. 
Bringing near. Coming within shot (game). 

AjULel ishdr, (v. n. 4 of jlo) Shining strong, 
darting forth heat (the sun). 

A cliLo\ iskd^ (v. n. 4 of xa<o) Being covered 
with hoar frost. Going upon ground so covered. 
Covering the ground (hoar frost). 

A JLio\ ashah, Bald about the forehead. 

AjJia\ ashar, More or most honied (date) ^a-- 
hur, (pi. of^jo sakr) Kites, hawks, birds of prey. 

Aj\^ilo\ iskirdr, (v. n. 9 ofjLifl) Being exceed- 
ingly acid (milk). 

A fS*o\ ashaf. White-headed (horse or bird). 
Name of a bird, called also "h^^jo srifdriyat. 

aJ\ji3^\ ishi^dr, (v. n. 4 ofjicLu Q) Striking 
so hot upon a locust (the sun), that it goes away. 

G ^)-Ju>^ ishtl, A shrimp, a prawn. A squill. 

A tiLa) asakh. Knock-kneed (particularly the 
ostrich). Strong, robust (man or beast). Asuhh, 

pi. of i2Ju9 sakk) Sentences signed by a judge. 
A Jjjo]Rsul, (pi. of J^^ asl) Roots. Foundations. 
A J^\ asZ, (v. n. of J-a\) Destroying. Spring- 
ing at any one (the deadly serpent e^\ asalat). 
(pi. J^T asul and Jys^ wsiiO Root) stock, origin, 
principle, foundation, element, source, cause. Li- 
neage, race, line, birth, family. Nobility, honour. 
Capital, principal, sum, stock in trade. An origi- 
nal, archetype, prototype, exemplar, ^jj^^ J-»^ 
aslu'l arn-ah, Quicksilver. ^_y>yJi\ J-a^ aslu's 
.SMA', Liquorice-root, i— ^^ J-«^ aslu'l gharb,'Root 
of tiie mountain-pine. (^y>jjX^ ^}^\ aslu' I md- 
zaryun, Mezereon-root. ^ J'O^ asljam^ The 
original rents with which the lands (in India) were 
fii-st charged in the books of the Emperor Akbar, 
exclusive of all additions and impositions made 
since from time to time by the Govemment. ^y.e\ 
is*i" asl It'imat, Prime cost. (_-»u> J-o^ a»li Utah, 
The original of a book, the first copy, cjij J>ol 
asl ufar^ Root and branch. Cause and effect. 
i^b ij\j\<i ^}Jo\ asl-ddrani pakfUolj men. Asal, 
(v. n. of J-«9\) Stinking (water), becoming tainted 
(meat), (pi. of s)i«fiW«afo«)Hideousand venomous 
serpents with large heads and small bodies. Asil, 
Uprooted. Uml,J[^p\. of Jj-o WiZ)Evening-times. 

A SLo\ aslan, (lalia* "^S aslan mutlikan, or 
l.»lai' J 5X»o) aslan wa kat»an) Not at all, by no 
means, never, in no shape. 

A > ^LoWA-/aj^,(pl. of ^ «aZa') Middlesofbacks. 
Lower parts of haunch-bones. Spaces between fun- 
dament and tails. Isla^, (v. n. 4 of "^ for jLo) 
Becoming relaxed about the haunches (a mare pre- 
vious to foaling), (v. n. 4 of ^^) Putting (any 
thing) into the fire to heat, and keeping (it) there. 
Usalas, (pi. of i^ijo] asil) Noble, illustrious. 

A L^'^\ aslah, (pi. of t^le sulh) The loins, 
sides, flanks, back-bones. Isldh, (v. n. 4 of (_Jrf«) 
Standing with outstretched jieck (as if gibbeted), 
that her colt may suck abundantly (a camel). 

A O^) as/a^,(pl.ofClA>o«aZi!) Naked swords. 
Large knives. 

A _^Lo\ isldh, (v.n.4of J-e)Fitting, adapting. 
Amending, correcting,restormg, adjusting, improv- 
ing. Dressing or manuring (land). Preparing, 
dressing (meat). Tuning (a musical instrument). 
Shewing kindness. p jjii;> ^^Lo\ isldh hardan, 
To repair, to mend. 

A -^LS>\ issildh, (v. n.8 of io) Making peace 
with each other. Doing good to one another. 
,^Lo\ isldh-pazir, Corrigible. 



A ii!l)uo\ isldd, (v. n. 4 of iii<«) Being hard (the 

A I J!!\jo\ islaf, (v. n. 4 of (_8J»-«) Making a per- 
son very disagreeable, making a wife hateful to her 
husband. Being of an unkind temper. Hating. 

A j^)^^ asldh, (pi. of |jLo«aZrt7t) Plain, level 
grounds. Isldh, (v. n. 4 of ^3^) Sounding loud. 

( 104 ) 

croaking harshly. 

A J^\ asldl, (pi. of Jx» sill) Serpents which 
cannot be charmed. Isldl, (v. n. 4 of J/o) Tin- 
gling when struck (iron). Beginning to putrefy 
(meat). Causing (water) to stink (time). 

A ij^\ usldn, (pi. of Ja^^ asil) Evenings. 
A t_J-o^ aslab. Harder, hardest. Aslub, (pi. 
of t_jL^ sulb) Loins, flanks, back-bones. 

A 'iLe\ asalat, Universality, the whole, (pi. 
J>o\ asal) A serpent of a dangerous species. \j\>- 
*.jj3wiob jdsu bi asalatihim. They came together, 
they came all of them. ioLsU ^^J^S li*-^ ahhaza 
\sh shaijs^ bi asalatihi, He took the thing by the 
root, wholly, totally, entirely, completely, radically. 
A 'ii>o\ asillat, (pi. of j!i^ sildl) The lining 
leathers of boots. Boot-legs. 

A ^][^i>«^ ashfiij, An active, bustling man. 
A lll>ol aslaj, Very bare or bald. Deaf. 
A Zy^\ aslah, Better, best. More or most cor- 
rect, fine. iii\ X>o\ aslaha'lldh, (pret. of 4 used 
optatively) May God amend ! 

A J-a\as/aWt,Deaf(asapost). Mangy(camel). 
A^\^^islikhdhh, The act of lying on the side. 
A ol Jjii^' islikhddd,The act of standing erect. 
A A^s^^ islihhmdm,(y. n. 4: otJd^Q) Stand- 
ing upright. Being angry. 

A •i^\ aslad. Very covetous, and hard, 
p laV ^\ asl-zdda. Nobly-born, high-bred. 
A *Lo\ asla^ (pi. ^ swZg^and ^J^^ sul^n) 
Bald (man). Bright (spear-head). 

A (».i3u9^ aslaf, (pi. i-_a5U>^) Hard ground. 
A Jwal aslam. One whose ears appear as if cut 
close to his head. A flea. The last part of a verse 
consisting of a Jj^;a* iVj watad mafrnh, q.v. 

A _UaJt.e^ islintdh, (v. n. 3 of Jalo Q) Being 
wide (low-lying gravelly land). 

A (.jU^Lfll islihbdb, (v.n. 4of i—*^ Q) Be- 
ing stretched out on the face. Being long, extended. 
A aI»^)uo1 islihnidm. The state of being hard. 
A '^^\ aslii/, (fem. t^\ asliyat) Radical, ori- 
ginal, essential, principal. Noble, of noble origin. 
&ALe\ *?J^) rutObat asUyat, Radical humour. 
A yj^us^ asliydn, (Pei-s. pi.) Nobles, gentlemen. 
A d*Ji-fl^ istit. Highly polished, keen (sword). 
A '^\ asamm, (pi. Ijo summ and j^U-io sum- 
mdn) Deaf. Surd (in arithmetic). l>a'^\ al asamm 
The mrd conjugation of Arabic verbs. Deaf to 
all persuasion or intimidation. A deaf adder. A 
dreadful kind of serpent. A hard stone. 2ii\j^ 
l^^l shahru'llahi'l asamm, The month of Rajab, 
the seventh of the Arabian year (because then the 
noise of war is not heard). 

A f\^^\ ismds, (v. n. 4 of ,_^) Knocking down 

and killing (game) on the spot. Champing the bit 

(ahorse). Making haste. Turning. Rushing upon. 

A Ol»^\ ismdt, (v. n. 4 of tl**^) Keeping 

silence. Silencing. Making a thing solid, without 

a cavity to give it sound. Reaching the end of 
the second year without being sown (land). Silence. 

aJ^\ asmdr, (pi. ofj^ sumr) The lips, edges, 
or mouths of vessels. Ismdr, (v. n. 4 of^;v«) Re- 
fusing to complain. Preventing, hindering. Being 
avaricious. Being exceedingly salt or bitter. En- 
tering on the hour of sunset. 

A ^\ imdgh, (v. n. 4 of j^) Dropping 
gum (a tree). Having abundance of spittle (the 
corners ofthemouth). Havingthickmilk(asheep). 

A ^\^\ imdk, (v. n. 4 of Jv«) Shutting 
orboltinga door. Spoiling, turning (milk or water). 

A -Cs^ ismdm, (v. n. 4 of '^) Becoming, 
making, or discovermg to be, deaf. Corking a bot- 
tle. Making a stopple (^l^a simdm) for a bottle. 

A Ca^ usummat. The greater or middle part 
of any thing, the aggi-egate or conflux. 

A agmat, Silent. Ismita,{^B iJl*«-o1 liJj 

balad ismita or CU»>o^ (jt^-j rvahsh ismita) A 
desert,' a solitary, unsociable place. 

A ^^ asmah, A fearless, daring fellow, who 
with sword orspear belabours theheadsof the brave. 

A Xir*^ asmikhat, (pi. of ^l^e simdhh) Ears. 
Ear-holes. Tympana. 

A ^\,^i:»^^ ismihhddd, A swelling with rage. 

A *^\ asTTia^ High, elevated, eminent, (pi. 
j^Wo sum^in) Elegant plumage. Sharp (sword). 
Any tree whose fruit enlarges itself without burst- 
ing the pod or envelope in which it is enclosed. 
A handsome well-shaped ankle. Brisk, keen, acute, 
active (mind). Small-eared. Astonished, bewil- 
dered. mW«^ astna^ni, (dual) A bold heart 
and penetrating njind. 

A o\jj«v«^ ismi^dd, A passing rapidly by. 

A !^ji^^\ asma^y. Name of a grammarian. 

aJjO^ ismikrdr, (v. n. 4 of^;ftv« Q) Being 
exceedingly acid (milk). Shining strong, darting 
heat (the sun). 

A • j,,-<~^ ugmiikh, The orifice of the ear. 

A ».i)\^Jiv»^ imUkdk, (v. n.ll of tilv«i») Being 
angry. Becoming thick (milk). Being wet with 
rain (ground). 

A j5)a«o\ ismUdl,{\. n. 4 of jl»-9 Q) Being 
strong. Being dry, hard. Beingluxuriant (plant). 

A !^\ asann, One who feigns negligence. 

A f\x^\ asndf, (pi. ofy-a sinrc) Uterine bro- 
thers. Sons. Paternal uncles. Isnds, (v. n. 4 of 
Umo for jJ-fi)Sittingwistfully near acauldron or pot. 

A Cl^lLfl^ isndt, A strengthening, a confirming. 

A r^ljo\ asndhh, (pi. of i$-a) Roots of teeth. 

A cU-tf \ Bswn?, (pi. of *i<o sin^ Cisterns. Is- 
ndi, (v. n. 4 of ji-o) Assistmg. Applying to the 
learned of any art, and acquiring it. Grooming 
and fattening (a horse). 

A ^\j>>o\ asnaH, Clever, neat-handed (men). 

A i3U*o^ asndf, (pi. of u-fllo sinf) Forms, 
kinds, sorts, species, varieties. Subjects, peasants, 


under-tenants. JjLj i_j\i^l amafi hahaMl, Va- 
rious tribes. aiJusi* (_JU,o\ asnafi mukhtalifa, 
Different sorts, varieties, p uJU^^ ^^jt mardumi 
asnaf, A mechanic. 

A JjU-(»\ isnak, (v. n. 4 of ^jXio) Taking good 
care of the money, flocks, or effects of another. 
Persevering, persisting. 

A |,lLo\ asnam, (pi. of ^ sanam) Images, 
idok. Statues, p ^J^ Jla\ asnami chin, The 
images of China (metaphorically implying the 
handsome of either sex), a j.\1o^1 iCtXiS-^badatu'l 
asnam, The adoration of images, idolatry. 

A (jU-fl\ isnan, ( v. n. 4 of ^) Tossing the nose, 

looking proud, disdainful. Being averse from the 

ale (a pregnant she-camel). Having the colt 

nicking in her womb and striking his head against 

ler arse-gut (a mare). Persevering in assisting. 

melling, emitting a stench under the arm-pits. 

'uming, becoming bad (water), stinking (meat). 

Aijje\asinnat, (pi. of (jU«e) Arm-pit stenches. 

A jioi asna^, More or most skilful or indus- 

ious, more or most of an artist. Very expert. 

A I— ftxo) astiaf, (pi. (_fllitf sunf) (An ostrich) 
rhose legs are excoriated. 
A i^-j^^] usnujat, Troughs containing dough. 
A. ye\ asm, (v, n. of Lo^ for j-ol) Being thick 
id entangled (a plant). 
A Aye\ oskBj, (pi. of ~tye survat) High and 
^ed grounds. Mile-stones. Herds of wild 
ists. Echoes. Jawd., (v. n. 4 of j^j^o) Wither- 
(a palm-tree). 

A Cj\ye\ amat, (pi. of CJyo sawt) Voices, 
unds. Fames, reputations. Imitative sounds. 
A ^^1 amca^ (pi. of Am) Certain measures. 
A i_j^^l am-af, (pi. of <^ye suf) Fleeces. 
Wools. Camelots. 

A ^yo\ aswab, Better, best, straighter, truer. 
AjyoSa^nar, (pl.^^ gur) Desirous, eager, 
keen, wishful, inclined to. Wry. Wry-necked. 

A *jyo\ asrvirat, (pi. of j\^ suivar or simar) 
Herds (of wild oxen). Bags of musk. 

A t^yo\ asus, (pi. [^jajo\ usus) Fat (camel) 
not conceiving. A robber. 

A ^ye\ asrou^ (or fye\ a*tu^ (pi. of clo «a» ) 
Certain dry measures. 

A I — j^) aswaf, Woolly, wool-bearing. 
I- ^jya\ u.<nd. Tone, sound, musical note. Mode. 
»I»-\S Jj^l usidi fahhta, Name of a musical note. 
A Jj^l nsul, (pi. of J-o\ ad) Roots, origins, 
causes. The roots or fundamentals of Muhammad- 
ism (opposed to ^/furu^. fjj j ^}ye\ Usui 
ufuru^ Causes and effects. Ascent and descent 
in kindrefl, ancestors, and posterity. S-lp J»-o\ 
usili ^tsharnt, The ten primary intelligences first 
created by God. J^^\ ««Jj\ arha^tu 'Z usul, The 
four roots, masterwort, parsley, capers, and fennel. 

( 105 ) 

Oyo\ i—j)^ sharabi nsul, A syrup of roots. 
A ^yo\ usTiRy, Solid, deep (reasoner, polemic). 
A ^^yo\ asrvan, Better or best preserver. 
A tiyo\aswinat, (pi. o? ^Jiyo sarvmt, siman or 
suwdn) Drawers, chests of drawers, wardrobes. 

A f-\^\ is-has, (v.n.4of l^ fo^^^) Suffer- 
ing from a gall or wound on the middle of the back 
(a horse). Exposing a child to the sun after being 
anointed with butter (by way of cure for a disease). 
A ujI^I is-hab, (v. n. 4 of i— lyo) Begetting 
red and white colts (a camel). 

A.j\te\ as-har, (pi. of j^ sihr) Near relations. 
Fathers-in-law. Brothers-in-law(sistei-s' husbands). 
Sons-in-law. Sepulchres (as being nearly related 
to man). Is-har, (v. n. 4 of^^,^) Approaching 
(as one army towards another). Being joined, al- 
lied, connected (by a matrimonial alliance). 

A »--v«^ as-hah, (pi. CjXlL^S as-hahvjaf) (A 
camel) red and white. A lion. Cold (day). 
Sandy (hair). i__*fcUj u-A^las-ZmftsaA/i, A word 
used in calling sheep to be milked. 

^j\rc^^ is-AeVar, (v.n.9of_^^) Approaching, 
drawing near each other (two armies). 

A (_->Ljl^) ishihab, (v. n. 11 of i_j»^) Being 
of a reddish white colour. 

'^^jW*^ i^h'irar, (v. n. 11 of j^) Being 
melted. Shining, glittering, glistening, from the 
heat of the sun (a cameleon's back). 
A f^\ ^^\ ibn asa', A sort of bird. 
A liUo^ asyad, (pi. of i>Le sad) Veins between 
the eyes of camels. Diseases in camels causinc a 
discharge at the nose. Camels affected therewith. 
A i—iUo^ a«yof, (pi. of i—ftjuo sa^ Summers 
(particularly the months May and June ; the hot- 
ter months being called isLi'l akydz). 

A u^^ usayydn, (for ^,^>joo^) Short evenings. 
A AJuA^t usaybiyat. Little boys. 
A &JU0 1 dshjat, Inevitable evil. Relationship. 
Beneficence. Alinctus. Drink made from the date. 
A iXjytfl asyad, One who carries the head high 
(from pride). Wry-necked. (A camel) that holds 
his head elevated (from indisposition). A lion. A 
king. Asid, The middle part between the outward 
gate and the house, a vestibule, a court. 
A Jljdk^l isyidad, The being wry-necked. 
A isijo\ as'idat, A sheep-fold: any inclosure 
for cattle, built of wood. A small shift worn by girls. 
Ajj/Cl asir. Near, neighbouring, approachinf. 
Entangled (hair). Long and thick (eye-lashes). 
A („jax^\ asis. Tremor, terror. A broken ves- 
sel or half a water-pot in which odoriferous herbs 
are planted. A chamber-pot. A strong edifice. 
A vessel for transplanting clay. 



2j>>-u e-^AXtO 

j^ hum asisatun wdhidatun, They 
are at one, they are agreed. 

A Jji<ol asil, Rooted, radical. Firm, constant, 

durable, permanent. Solid. An intelligent vice- 
gerent. Death, destruction. Name of a city in 
Spain. i^\J\ Jxo\ asilu'r rasy, Sound in judg- 
ment. ^y^\ jjsf majdi asil, Solid glory. Noble, 
(pi. JLtf I dsal, Jjo\ Usui, ^^!iLfi\ usldn, and Jol^\ 
asd^il) Evening. Usayl, (dim. of Jjua\ asil) Short 
evenings. Name of a companion of Muhammad. 
A tij^J^^ usayldn, (sometimes JiLuc) usayldl) 
(dim. of ^^'^\ usldn, Evenings) Short evenings. 
A «U^1 asilat. Hereditary possessions (as de- 
scending from the family-root). Death, destruc- 
tion. Universality, the whole, universal. 

A jix^\ usayli^ (dim. of ^\ asla^ (Little 
bald-pate) Veretrum. Slender-necked (serpent). 
A ^Jo\ azz, (v. n. of ^^\) Causing difficulty 
and trouble (a thing). Rendering necessitous, for- 
cing, compelling (poverty). Breaking. Longing 
for, seeking her nest (an ostrich). Izz, Root, origin. 
A -^uii /s5j, A melon-bed. A reed-bed, a mai-sh. 
A bed of the Indian willow. Stagnant pools. '' 

A jVUJl izdsat, (v. n. 4 of >U forlj-i) Shin->!;^ 
ing, lightening, flashing. Kindling, illuminating. 
Causing to shine. Rendering clear and visible. 
Scattering (urine) about. 

A^^' azdbir, (pi. of S,buo\ izhdrat or az- 
bdrat) Bundles of papers, piles of manuscript. 
^ A iUJl azdt, (pi. C^\ye\ azwdt, Obwil azydt, 
Uol azan, Ajo\ izds and ^^yoS azun) Stagnant 
water ; any place where it collects. 

A 'i^^\ azdhiy, (pi. of Sls^' uzhlyat) Sheep 
sacrificed in the forenoon. Goats or camels or- 
dained for sacrifice. 

A ijL»-\^\azdlnk, (pLoffti^sT*^) Jests, jokes. 
A i>V^l izsdd, (v. n. 4 of oUs) Giving a cold. 
A i^\j6\ izdz, A sanctuaiy, asylum, place of 
refuge. The cries of a parturient camel. 

A '»s\^\ izd^t, (v. n. 4 of eUs for *^) Ruin- 
ing, destroying, wasting, squandering. Neglect- 
ing, losing. Having a number of farms or fields 
A &il/tfl izdfat, (v. n. 4 of i_il^ for i_AJoe) 
Receiving hospitably, making a guest. Causing 
to incline or decline. Bending. Being aware of. 
Oppressing. Fleeing away. Making one to fly for 
refuge. Being afi-aid of, or cautious. Running 
swift. Making haste. Looking from a height, 
looking down upon any thing. Being at the top, 
on the point of Increase, surplus. The constrac- 
tion of one noun with another. The relation of 
the genitive case denoted by i,^kasra, called in 
Persian ^^^xoy ij^ hasrasi tawsift. Descriptive 
kesra: as," ^jj^_. pisuri zayd, The son of Zajd. 
A ^j^l '-tj/iy. Constructive, relative. 
A wLtf! izdhat, (v. n. 4 of jlo for Jj-o) Mak- 
ing narrow. Being impoverished, losing property. 
A tiJU\ izsdh, (v. n. 4 of uili^) Giving a 
cold in the head. 

A «)Le^ izalat, (v. n. 4 of Jlo for J^) Pro- 
duciuff the white lote-tree. 

A *A*^^ azcimim, (pi. of *i«l»^l izmamat) 
Heaps, piles (of books). Herds, crowds. Stones. 

A ^J^'\ aZiun, (pi. of j^\>o zasn) Wethers. Iz- 
tan, (v. n. 4 oi fj^) Abounding in wethers. 

A C^jo\ aznbb, (A camel) swollen in the feet or 
breast. Azulh,(p\. of(_.A»0 2:aZ)6) Lybian lizards. 

A f\x>6\ izbas, (v. n. 4 of U<tf ) Concealing, con- 
taining, suppressing, keeping in mind. Being si- 
lent about a misfortune, concealing it. Hiding en- 
mity in the heart, (v. n . 4 of \j«o for jf^ ) Impend- 
ing, overhanging. Holding, detaining. Raising. 
Being near getting possession of Disappointing 
in a search (a journey). Making small, breaking 
into little bits. Conquering, prevailing over. Be- 
coming lean and emaciated. 

A L^\^\ izbab, (v. n. 4 of u^<o) Being silent. 
Laying up in one's mind. Speaking, uttering, call- 
ing. Hating, bearing a secret grudge. Rising up 
in a mass to do anything (people). Being nume- 
rous (hairs). Abounding in plants (ground), or in 
Lybian lizards (a country). Advancing, coming 
in scattered groups (cattle). Being allowed to trickle 
through astitch-hole (water). Flowing with blood. 
Holding fast. Being on the point of obtaining one's 
wish. Sticking close to any one. Being misty (a 
day). Giving (a child) butter and new wine. 

A Li>\A>o\ azhas, Handsful, grasps. 

A iX^^ izbarai or azbarat, (pi. Jl>Uo\ azabir') 
A collection or bundle of papers, a pile of books. 

A ^^Xio\azbaf,{p\.oi x^ z«J>)The arms, arm- 
pits, the fleshy parts of the aims next the arm-pits. 

A roV^^ azban, Places full of wild beasts of 
prey. Izban, (v. n. 4 of liJV^) Enduring a long 
time. Making narrow ; reducing to straits. Taking 
under the arm. 

A ^mo\ azbat, An ambidexter. A lion. More 
or most tenacious. 

A %^\ azbuf, (pi. of «f<e zahu^ Hyenas. 

A LiJKjw>o\ izbihaJt, (v.n.ll of uii><o not used) 
Putting forth herbage (the ground). 

A »r W* 'X/^j A crying aloud, a shouting. 

A j\^ izjar, (v. n. 4 ofj*^) Grieving, afflict- 
ing, wearying. 

A e\^ ^~j(>?, (v. n. 4 of x^) Making one 
recline upon one side on the ground, on a bed, &c. 
Thrusting down or depressing. Emptying a large 
sack. Composing verses terminating in different 
vowels or consonants. Putting the vowel-«j kasr 
under the last letter of the oblique case. Giving 
to s^ fatha a sound inclining to »-«J hasra. 

A pW* izzija^ (v. n. 8 of «^) Lying on one 
side (on a bed or on the ground). 

Aj\j^^ izjihrar, (v. n. 4 oiy^"^ Q) Being 
filled (a leathern bottle). 

( 106 ) 


A 5^ «^"«f, (A husband) who has an aver- 
sion to a wife. One whose fore-teeth are crooked. 

A fiSf^ ' azjam, Wry-nosed. Distorted in any 
member (particularly about the head), as the lip, 
mouth, chin, neck, or shoulders. 

A A^'^ izkas, (v. n. 4 of Isi^ for_^) Making 
clear. Doing any thing in the forenoon. Bask- 
ing in the sun. Continuing, persevering. 

A 'JUr*^ azhat, (pi. ^j^'^ azha') The sacrifice 
of a sheep in the forenoon. 

A J^* ' azha, White or gray (horse). The 
day whereon sacrifices are offered at Mecca. 

A tilU:^^ izhah, (v. n. 4 of tiiai*») Making to 
laugh. Causing (any one) to wonder. Filling 
(a cistern) to ovei-flowing. Producing herbage. 

A JUr*) azhai, (pi. of Jj£^) Shallow watei-s. 

A iiy^' uzkuhat, (pi. uiJa>-l«o^ azahVt) A 
ridiculous thing, jest, joke, laughable affair. 

A j^LaC^ izhiyan or uzhiyan, Name of a plant. 
Uzhuyan, Bright (moon). Cloudless (day). 

A Ju^ izhiyat, (ioLjC^' izhiyanat or uzhi- 
ydnaf) (A night) serene and clear. 

A *5^^ uzliiyat, (pi. ^I^\jo\ azahty) A goat or 
camel ordered for sacrifice. A sheep sacrificed in 
the forenoon, half-way between sunrise and noon. 

A |»litf* ' izhham, (v. n. 4 of f^) Doing (any 
thing) roughly. Making stout and lusty. 

A (.aC^ azkham, Corpulent, fat, big. Thicker. 

A latf*' azkhamm. Corpulent, fat, big. 

A 'i«jaC^' uzhhumat, A stuffing or bolstering of 
the petticoats, a pad which gives a prominent ap- 
pearance to the hips (in modern phrase, a bustle). 

A Aajo\ izdat, The act of filling (a vessel). 

A iiliX>o\ a«6?arf, Contraries, opposites, opponents. 
Izdad, (v. n. 4 of iJ-o) Being angry, enraged. 

A jto\ azarr. More or most hurtful, injurious. 

A Aj^\ izras, (v. n. 4 of iSr^) Drinking date- 
wine. Training (a dog). Setting (a dog) in pur- 
suit of game. Making greedy, causing to hanker. 

A A'l^\ azirras, (pi. of J-i zarir) Blind. 

A <^\jto\ izraJ, (v. n. 4 of L->j.o) Leading (a ca- 
mel) to cover. Causing (ground) to imbibe (its) 
moisture (a hot pestilential wind). Staying, stop- 
ping. Being well baked (bread). Hanging down 
the head. Turning away from any one. Remain- 
ing silent. Remaining at home. Striking any one 
(cold). Being overtaken by a misling rain or rime 
(called *— *i»^ zdrtb). Amplification. 

A J\fO^ izrdh, (v. n. 4 of _ wo) Removing, re- 
pelling. Cornipting. Spoiling a market, prevent- 
ing any thing from being sold. 

Aj\f<o\ azrdr, (pi. ^^jyo zarar) Hurts, harms, 
injuries. Izrdr, (v. n. 4 of j>o) Harming, hurt- 
ing, injuring. Urging, compelling, forcing one 
against his will. Taking a second wife over the 
head of the first (thus injuring her). Approaching 
very near. Taking the bit between his teeth and 

biting it (a horse). Shewing speed, running. 

A (j-Ui^ azras, (pi. of o^;^ ^*''*) Teeth, 
grinders. ,^2uii\ (,jJ^^ azrdsu'l ^kl, Teeth com- 
ing after the twentieth year, wisdom-teeth. ;_j»\j>e\ 
t_*K3\ azrdsu'l kalb, Polipody, a plant. Izrds, 
(v. n. iotf^j^j^) Striking, moving, astonishing,con- 
founding. Setting the teeth on edge. Silencing. 

A \9\J>\ izrdt, (v.n.4 of !»;-«) Causing one to 
break wind. Making a noise with the mouth in 
contempt. Mocking, jeering, despising, treating 
with contempt. 

A cLo\ izrd^ (v. n. 4 of t^) Making one 
submissive, humbling, enfeebling. Giving milk a 
little while before the birth. Giving liberally. 

A (•V»^ izrdm, (v. n. 4 of^jto) Inflaming, burn- 
ing, setting on fire. 

A <— -y*^ azrdb. More or most of a striker. Az- 
rub, (pi. of L^j^ zarb) Modes, forms. 

A (,j^j'o\ azras, Large-toothed (boy). * 

A \ayo\ azrat. Thin-bearded or thin-eyebrowed. 

A e.yo\ azru^ (pi. of c^ "'"'^ Similitudes, 
likes, equals. Threads of a rope. 

A i»lliC^\ izrightdt, (v. n. 4 of laP^ Q not 
used) Bursting with rage. Overlapping the flesh 
(skin). Being abundant (flesh). 

A^y»>jje\ izrihzdz, (v. n. 4 of^^ Q) Creep- 
ing clandestinely towards. 

A {jyo^ azri, (pi. of jj<o zirm) Hunting-dogs. 

A ^..fO^ i~'l/, A kind of yellow garment. Crim- 
son dye. A high-blooded swift horse. Red silk, 
raw or spun. 

A Aj>jto\ iznrds, (v. n. 12 ofjj-o or (Sj^) Hav- 
ing the stomach overloaded. 

Aye\ azazz, (pi. yyo zuzzdz) Bad-tempered, 
ill-natured, passionate, capricious, testy. Inarticu- 
late in pronunciation, from a bad formation of jaws, 
or adhesion of teeth. Hard and narrow (pubes). 

Aj^yo\ izzdz, (v. n. 4 of V<o) Being avaricious. 
Champing the bit (a horse). 

A AJieuo\ iztibdt, (v. n. 8 of U-e ) Lying hid, 
concealing one's self. 

A (^Lij-tf^ iztibds, (v. n. 8 of i-Lo-o) Taking 
seizing, grasping, griping. 

A c^ X\ < e> \ iztibdt, (v. n. 8 of ff^) Passing a 
cloak, robe, or scarf under the right arm and over 
the left shoulder, thus leaving bare the right, and 
covering the left shoulder. 

A ,..\. Vi .fl' iztibdn, A taking under the arm. 

A c\air^^' iztijd^ (v. n. 8 of J^) Lying on 
one's side : oron thebreastin apostureof adoration. 

A v_^\^ia-o\ iztirab, (v. n. 8 of L_^) Shaking, 
being ricketty. Tottering. Being irresolute. Fight- 
ing and quarrelling amongst themselves. Being 
poor, indigent. Being emaciated, extenuated. Be- 
ing tall and flabbv. Orderinjr a gold rins to be 
made. Acquiring. Requesting that lots may be 
drawn for one. Agitation, perturbation, commo- 


tion, fluctuation, perplexity. J-il i^\J^\iztim- 
bu'l habl, Discordance and diversity of opinions. 
A ^j^\ htirah, (v. n. 8 of -j^) Rejecting, 
throwing on one side. 

\j\Ja^\ iztird.r, (v. n. 8 of_}^) Compelling, 
forcing. Being forced, and reduced to helplessness. 
Want, need, necessity. \j\^l iztiraran, From 
necessity, by force, compulsion, or violence. 

A ^\Ja^\ iztiram, (v. n. 8 of j.;^) Being kin- 
dled. Blazing. Hoariness. 

A tl>Uk<;\ iztighZs, (v. n. 8 of i±*i^) Col- 
lecting handsful of grass dry and green for fuel. 

A ^Uk^l iztighagh, (v. n. 8 of ^) Being 
moist and verdant (ground). 

A ^^Uki\ iztighan, (v. n. 8 of ^^) Hating 
one another. Feeling a tendency to hate. Taking 
under the arm. 

Ajlak^l iztifaz, A swallowing unwillingly. 
A ylila^l iztifdn, (v. n. 8 of Jui) Kicking 
one's own hinder part with the heel. 

A j»^Ufiol iztilam, A submitting to injuries. 

( 107 ) 

^;.Uko! »^'"naM, A beingprofusely anointed. 
. Aj\Jx^\ iztlmar, (v. n. 8 of^) Being slen- 
der in the body, lank in the belly. 

A j,Ua-ol iztimam, (v. n. 8 of li) Contract- 
ing, drawing to one's self. Comprehending, con- 
taining, comprising. 

A ^\jia^\ iztina., (v. n. 8 of 'Uui) Blushing. 
Being drawn in, contracted. 

A jjjUko^ iztinan, The being avaricious. 
A i^'jia^l iztiivRh, (v. n. 8 otijXi forwiJ^) 
Disputing, litigating. 

A jl^ixol iztihad, An overcoming, a forcing. 
A uJljwJl az^f, (pi. of i_i«^ zi^) Resem- 
bling, alike, equal. Double, as much more, double 
the quantity, the same thing over again. The dis- 
tances or intervals between the lines of a book; 
where the lines in a book are doubled (or in two 
columns), and where there is a double margin : 
also when explanatory interlineations or marginal 
notes are added. The members ; also the bones of 
the body. Iz^f, (v. n. 4 of >.Juu6) Doubling. 
Adding a double quantity, or increasing from one 
to three. Receiving double. Weakening, render- 
ing infirm. Blinding. Having a weak beast. 

A i_i*^) »^t"f> More or most weak, helpless, 
impotent. ^ISii lJj<^\ az^fu'l khuddam, The 
most weak (or humble) of servants. 

A >Uo) izghaj, (v. n. 4 ofU^ for^^) Forcing 
(one) to cry out. 

A ^\i^\az(jkas,{-p\.oi\l.*iuo zighs) Hands- 
fill (of herbs, part green and part drj). cl.>U^\ 
^^V'^l azgham'l ahlam., Confused dreams which 
cannot be interpreted. 

A ^U«j\ izghagh, (v. n. 4 of ^ not in use) 
Having plenty of provision (chiefly of com and 
oAer animal produce of lands. Being succulent 

and juicy (a plant). Beingfull of moisture (ground), 
A ^JJuel\ azghan, (pi. of f^M zighn) Hatreds. 
A OlvUi^l izfidad, A swelling with rage. 
A (jLol azkal, Naked. 

A 3-«^ azall, More or most astray. More or 
most seductive, or tending to lead astray. 

A ^iLil azla^ (and ^\ azluQ (pi. of xLo 
zil^ and zila^) Ribs. (pi. of ^ zaU^ Strong- 
sided. Firm. Muscular, compact. Izla^ (v. n. 
4 of ^) Causing to incline, and preponderate. 
Bearing a heavy load. Overloading. 

A JiLil iziai, (v. n. 4 of jU) Causing to err, 
leading astray. Leaving in error. Concealing, 
burying. JU JiUl izBli hal, A ruined situation. 
P U'ir J^^ izlal hardan, To ruin, disgrace. 

A ^\ azla^ (pi. ^ 2.,,;^) Strong, thick 
(man or horse). One whose teeth are bent in- 
ward, resembling the curvature of ribs. 

A sJjLal uzlulat, Error, wandering, aberration. 
A ^\ azam, (v. n. of ^\) Being angry and 
hating. Sticking to one and injuring him. Pur- 
suing and biting the females (a he-camel), (pi. 
CjIhoI azamat) Anger. Envy, hatred. Izavi, 
Name of a mountain, and of a valley near Madina. 
A ^^' «2TOq/, A cleaving to the ground. 
A Jl^el izrnad, (v. n. 4 of Jm^o) Collecting, 
bringingtogether. Sprouting(theplant J^ear/(y). 
AjU^U2W!ar,(v.n.4ofjvo) Hiding, conceal- 
ing. Concealing (a man) either by a journey or 
by death (a country). Suppressing. Thinking, 
musing, hatching in the mind. Prying curiously, 
using all diligence to attain the knowledge of a 
thing. Exercising (a horse). Feeding (a horse) 
sparingly to reduce his fat. The silence of the O te 
of ^Js■\sl:u 7mitaf5^lun in the metre called J^!^ 
ftamil. jU^^l k_*».)jj\^| asrarirvdjibulizmar, 
Secrets necessary to be concealed. 

A sAtj6\ izmamat, (pi. -juUjI azamlm) A heap 
or pile (of books), A crowd, herd, troop. A 
stone. ^L6^\ j\jL«» sabbdku'l azamim, The 
leading horse (of a troop), the first horse (in a race). 
A JiL:^^' izmihim, (v. n, 4 of J*:^ Q) Va- 
nishing, disappearing. Being scattered (a cloud). 
A ^JS^^ izmi/inan, ( v. n. 4 of i;f^^ ) Vanish- 
ing, disappearing, 

A tilli^l izmikdk, (v. n. 9 of idX^ not used) 
Being verdant (the ground). 
A ^J^\ azma, Black-lipped. 
A (jJKjkvol izmthdk, (v..n. 11 of ciJU^) Being 
green and succulent (a plant). Budding, blossom- 
ing. Swelling with rage. Being full of water and 
ready to rain (a cloud). 

A f\l^\ iznas, (v. n. 4 of tjuJ) Being fruitful, 
prolific, havingmany children. Havingmany cattle, 
(v. n. 4 of^jjo) Emaciating, reducing (disease). 
A ^yo\ aznat, More luminous, brighter. 
A Aye\ azwds, (pi. of ^^ zan>) Lights, sp.en- 

dours. IzTcds, (v. n. 4 of ^^yi>) Bringing forth a 

puny child. Braying. Pounding small. Being 

thin and slender. Becoming weak. Defrauding. 

Making incline. Weakening. Doing superficially. 

A Cj>\yo\ azwdt, (pi. of XLJl) Stagnant waters. 

A jrlj^^«2rwq/,(pl.of _yo) Windingsof ariver. 

A ^yo\ azKa^ (pi. of ay3 zuwa^ or ziwai) 

Male-owls. Birds resembling crows, but eatable. 

A ):9y6\ azmat, Foolish, silly. One who has a 

small jaw and chin. 

A ^^yo\ azsun, (pi. of ^^UJ zasn) Wethers. 
A A^\ azhd^, (pi. of i^ zahwat) Ponds, 
cisterns. Izhds, (v. n. 4 of ^_^^) Feeding upon 
the shrub -*U^ zahyds, (a camel). Marrying a 
woman who does not conceive. 

A ^1^1 izhdj, (v. n. 4 of ^^) Casting her 
foal (a camel). 

A (iyel izhdd, (v. n. 4 of \>o) Oppressing, 
treating with cruelty. 

A J^xJl izhdl, (v. n. 4 of J.^) Bearing ripe 
dates (a palm). Beginning to ripen (green dates). 
A OljuJl azydt, (pi. of sUel) Stagnant waters. 
A i_JLo\ azyaf, (pi. of i_ftjuj zayf) Guests. 
A JLol izydl, (v. n. 4 of Ja^ not used) Pro- 
ducing the tree called JLJ zdl. 

A ^^\ azya^ More or most useless. 
^ (3^^ azyah, Narrower, straiter. 
P U3\ atd, The white poplar. 
A ioUal itdbat, (v. n. 4 of ujUa for t_*jJ9) 
Making beautiful, fragrant, soft, sweet, or delicate. 
Speaking soothingly, giving good words. Clean- 
ing or shaving the body Musulman fashion. Serv- 
ing up delicate meats. Bearing well-disposed 
children. Taking a lawful wife. 

A Sa-Ual itdhat, (v. n. 4 of _ lis for ^) Caus- 
ing (the hair) to fall. Shedding the coat. Wasting, 
destroying (property). Throwing about. Ruining. 
Ajllst itcir, A circle, any thing that surrounds 
andther ; the environs of the mouth ; the hair 
about the hoofs of cattle ; the wooden ring or hoop 
of a drum, sieve, &c. Cat-gut or bowstring wrapped 
round an arrow near the notch. The rim of the 
glans penis. The branches of a vine trained to 
form an arbour. A ring or circle of men. 

AjUal attar, One who makes and sells wooden 
rings or circles of the sort mentioned above. 

A lj\>\ itarat, (v. n. 4 of jCh foTjj^) Caus- 
ing to fly. Putting to flight, urging one to fly, 
causing to move rapidly. Dividing (property) 
into proportions. 

A iLlUal itdshat, (v. n. 4 of (_>ill> for iAA>) 
Shooting wide of the mark. 

AJaUal attat, Loud-voiced, clamorous, noisy. 
A «pll»l itd^t, (v.n. 4 of cll» for cjlo) Obey- 
ing. Obedience, submission, surrender, subjection. 
Bearing ripe fruit (a tree), and putting it within 
the gatherer's reach, - Lying open (a field) for 

pasture. tl*S-li9^ j jUaj\ inhiyad u itafat, Sub- 
mission and obedience. jV>^ i^-^ j*'j^ tLnS-lisi 
ita^at aKaviiri sayyidi'l abrar, Obedience to the 
mandates of the prince of the just {i.e. Muham- 
mad). P ^J'^S C^UaKl^^ izhari itaiat hardan, 
To offer obedience, to surrender, to submit. 

A 'ii^\ itafat, (v. n. 4 of u-J^i* for i Jjis) 

Approaching, stealing upon any animal softly, in 
order to catch it. Alighting, going near any one. 

A 'ij!'^\ itdkat, (v. n. 4 of Jjll> for Jji») Being 
able, powerful. Being competent to grapple with 
(any thing). Giving power. Bearing, enduring. 
Ability for any thing. 

A Jli* ! dial, (pi. of ^yh\ itl) The sides, espe- 
cially imder the short ribs, 

A «)\i»^ itcdat, (v. n. 4 of JUa for Jji») Pro- 
longing, extending, lengthening out. Bringing 
forth a child of a long shape, or tall. Prolixity. 
(JjkiaJ JJ JjyaaSi (T)l inna'l kasirata had tufilu, 
Sometimes a dwarfish woman produces a tall son. 

r ^JU3\ ataUk, A master, guardian, governor. 

A Aua 1 dtdm, Name of a village in Yamamah. 
(pi. of |«J9i utum) Fortresses of stone. Edifices 
square and flat-roofed. 

A |»U3^ ^itdni or itdm, Costiveness from indispo- 
sition. A strangmy. 

A (•Ji*li»^ atdm'im, Legs of quadrupeds. 

A (Jj^^ atdtvil, (pi. of Jji»l) Longer, longest. 

A (_-<JUi>^ atdsibjlhe best and choicest parts (of 
a slaughtered camel). Delicacies, (pi. of (— *jJa\ 
atyah) Better, best, more or most delightful. 

A |»>U9i atdsmi, (pi. of »«Ai9l atmiaf) Places 
where fires are lighted, hearths. 

A Aj^\ atlids, (pi. of ^Jio tuhy and tiby) The 
dugs (of animals). XJi)) >Ljj3\ athdm 'I kalbat, 
(Bitch's dugs) Sebestens. Itbds, (v. n. 4 of Lis 
for_jJJ9) Shewing an afiection for any one and then 
killing him. (v. n. 4 o( ^Jo) Turning from, remov- 
ing, averting. Calling to one. 

A f\L\ ittibds, (v. n. 8 of Ua for^) Call- 
ing. Choosing as a friend, accepting, (v. n. 8 of 
j_yji9) Choosing, selecting for one's self. Killing 
by stratagem. Calling. 

A -^Ual atibbdi, (pi. ofc-ja.^ tab'ib) Physicians. 

A ^\^\ ittibdkh, (v. n. 8 of aJ») Being cooked. 
Cooking for one's self. Cooking. Taking a de- 
coction or apozem. Putting on the pot. 

A cVJal arta^,(pl.of^^ tib^) Rivulets,streams, 
channels made by torrents. Leathern bottles for 
churning. Rusts. 

A jU9\ atbdh, (pi. of JjI» tabalt) Plates, 
dishes. Lids, covei-s. Strata of the earth. jUal 
t.d)i)j\ atbdki afldk, The vaults of heaven. libdk, 
(v. n. 4 of Jjjia) Covering with a lid. Raining for 
a week, Consenting, agreeing. Being numerous 
and appearing (stars). Continuing (fever or mad- 
ness). Placing a flag-stone over a hole. 

( 108 ) 

A J^l atbdl, (pi. of JJa tabl) Drums. ij\ 

Jb Jtl>^ ayyu atbdlin /«j»i. What people are these ? 

A '6!xio\atibbat,(pl. of (--a-Jo toilfc) Physicians. 

Leathern straps of a finger's length for covering 

the seams of a leathern bottle. 

A -^S atbalth, Very foolish, extremely stupid. 
A JJ^l atba^. More or most natural, skilful. 

A *i-l>) atbihat, (pi. of ^^J^ia tabah) Lids, covei-s. 

A ^JSJh\ itbhndn, (v. n. 4 of ^^Ula Q) Being 
still and quiet, reposing, resting. Tranquillity. 

Aj\j^\ itsdr, (v. n. 4 oij^) Increasing, mul- 
tiplying, abounding, being many. ^ 

A 5^4=* ittija^ i'^- n- 8 of ^^) laying on one 
side (whether on a bed or on the ground) 

A ^^ it-hdh, (v. n. 4 of "Ja) Throwing. 
Letting fall. 

Ajlsr*' it-hdr, (v. n. 4 of jST*) Extirpating the 
foreskin in circumcision. 

A J^ at-hal, Of the colour of dust. Neither 
dark-coloured nor bright-coloured (wolf, wine, or 
ashes). (Water) covered with moss. Name of a 
moimtain. Spleen-coloured. 

A uJ\^^ itJ'Mf, (v. n. 4 of i_a*^) Making 
the broth isi.^^ tahhtfat. 

A *3» aikham, (A ram) black-headed, the 
rest of the body of a sooty colour. (A horse) striped 
black from the withere to the tail . Chesnut, bright 
bay (horse). The tip of the nose (of man or horse). 
Dry flesh, of a blackish colour. 

A J-^JC"^ iikhimdm, (v. n.9 of') Being dry 
and blackish (flesh). 

A jial atad, Wood of brambles. 

aJ^\ air, (v. n. oiJioX) Bending (a bow). Sm-- 
rounding, walling, hedging, or paling round. Wrap- 
ping a piece of cat-gut or bowstring round an ar- 
row, near the notch, to strengthen it. The curve 
of a bow. A cloud. A rim, a circle. Utur, (pi. 
ofjli3\ itdr) Circles. 

A A^\ itrds, (v. n. 4 of Kl») Praising immo- 
derately, (v. n. 4 of Ua for jjl>) Praising immo- 
derately. Hyperbole, exaggeration. Pickling, sea- 
soning with spiceries, preserving with sugai', honey, 
or vinegar. 

A i^\)o\ atrab, The choicest odoriferous herbs. 
Itrab, (v. n.4 of <— -^i*) Exhilarating, producing 
joy. Singing. 

A (jJj\j9\ atrdbulus, Tripoli in Syria. 

A -.Ub\ ittirdh, (v. n. 8of -jis) Throwingaway, 
putting to a distance. 

A liMa^ ttrdd, (v. n. 4 of ^yo) Ejecting, banish- 
ing. Rejecting. Ordering to be banished, ejected, 
or exiled. Collecting, bringing together (camels) 
from different quarters. Betting, wagering. A re- 
mainder, sequel, consequence. 

A i^\^s\ ittirdd, (v. n. 8 ofii^a) Being in good 
train (business). Flowing (rivers). Following in 
succession. Floating, hovering (the vapour sa>'aZ»). 


Aj\}s\ itrdr, (v. n. 4 ofjpo) Cutting. Cuttingoff. 
Causing to fall. Holding in contempt. Irritating, 
instigating. Sprouting, coming forth (whiskers). 

A ij-»\^\ atrds, (pi. of {^_)o tirs) Leaves of 
paper or of a book ; especially where the writing 
has been erased and re-written. 

A <^\J^\ atrdf, (pi. of ^jio tarf) Eyes (dis- 
allowed by some), (pi. of l-J^ tirf) Noble, emi- 
nent, high-born. Learned, distinguished (men), 
(pi. of uJ^ taraf) Sides, districts, tracts, coasts, 
shores, environs, confines, skirts, extreme parts. 
Ends, tips. The head, hands, feet, and other ex- 
tremities of the body. The nearest kinsmen (as 
fathers, brothers, uncles, &c.). ij:jV^\ i — i\)o\ 
atrdf u 'I ^zdra', (Maid's fingers) A sort of grape. 
(__JUj\ J i—iUa^ atrdf u ahidf (or j\sl j \^\Jio\ 
atrdf ji dfdk, Everywhere, throughout the globe, 

the whole world, i '>\^\ c?l/*^ umardn atrdf, 

The neigbouring governors. Itrdf, (v. n. 4 of uJjia) 
Giving any one something new, such as he never 
had before. Winking, shutting the eyes. Abound- 
ing in the plant "^ «a«My,compact and full-grown. 
Becoming acquainted, understanding, being up to. 

A \^\^\ ittirdf, (v. n. 8 of i ijh) Buying some- 
thing new. Tinging the tips of her fingers with 
privet (a woman). 

A &?J^\ atrdfiyat, Name of a sect. 

A J^jlo\ atrdh, (pi. of ^Jlo tarak) Folds, or 
wrinkles (of the belly or a leathern bottle when al- 
most empty). J<ra^, (v. n.4 of Vjjia) Being dumb, 
keeping silence. Hanging the head. Fixing the 
eyes upon the ground. Being addicted to, or fol- 
lowing (pastimes). Succeeding each other (por- 
tions of the night). Bringing ruin and destruction 
upon any one. Lending or hiring out (a camel- 
stallion). Covering any thing with leather, &c. 
Going one after- another, following one another's 
foot-steps. Being clothed with skin and sinews. 

A ij]j^\ ittirdh, (v. n. 8 of ^Jy') Going in dif- 
ferent directions, leaving the high road. Being 
folded (the wings of a bird). Following each other's 
footsteps (camels). 

A (•y^l itrdm, (v. n. 4 o( j,Jio) Being dirty and 
covered with tartar (the teeth). Stinking (the 
breath, from shreds of meat sticking in the teeth). 

A j^Jo\ ittirdm, (v. n. 8of j*^) Contracting a 
dirty colour (teeth). 

A iJo\ utrat, Flesh surrounding the nails. The 
cat-gut or bow-string which is twisted round an ar- 
row, near the notch. The rim of the nut of the yard. ( 
The edge of the artery^) abhur. A species of '. 
glutinous substance mixed up with blood and ashes 
with which broken earthenware, &c., is cemented. 

A |»l?jl»l itrikhmdin, (v. n. 4 of ^jL Q) Car- 
rying one's self haughtily, tossing the nose from - 
pride. Being dim the (sight), dark (the night). 

A ^J^JJ>-'il• )oJo\ atratu'l hdjibayn, One who 


has thin eye-brows. 

A (J^\JisJ^\ iiri(jh»hash,{y. n. 4 of ^jts^ Q) 
Recovering health. Rising up, moving. Leaning 
from side to side in walking. Stirring in the nest 
(young birds). Being blessed with rain and fer- 
tility after a season of scarcity and discomfort. 

A OiXffjis^ utrughullat, Female turtle-doves. 

A j»UffjJ3^ itrighmam, The being proud. 

A ^yo\ atrak, Weak in the knee. Bow-legged. 
At7-uk, (pi. of jjjijlj iarik) Roads, ways. 

A -fiSjl*! a<?'//iaj,(pl.of ^ il» tar^A) Roads,ways. 

A sSJh\at7ikat,(pl.of^J>otarik)B.oa.d3,-wiLjs. 

A (_jjL»<^1 itrimsas, (v. n. 4 of i^ji^yo Q) 
Being dark (the night). 

A y\j^l utrunan, The earliest and most lively 
season of youth. 

A (^jjfa\ utrush, Deaf. 

A i^^jto\ itrihmam, (v. n. 4 of J^A9 Q) Being 
middle-sized and well-proportioned. 

A &>^\ itriyat, A vermicelli used in broths. 

A ^..y=>\ itrth, Oblong (bunch of a camel). 

A ^]j>.^\ itrlrds, (v. n. 12 of j^) Being op- 
pressed with indigestion. Being puffed with pride 
or anger. Swelling (the belly). 

A Ji)jl»i itrifal, A myrobalan-electuary. 

G JibjlaT Rtnlal, (or j!!^;!*^) Crow-foot. 

A *Lj3l itgai, (v. n. 4 of U-ls) Causing indi- 
gestion (repletion or satiety). 

A fl! i | ,»,. V> l utgumviat, The greater or middle part 
of any thing, the aggregate, conflux. 

A A^\ itshaf, (v. n. 4 of Ilia) Taking cold, 
suffering from rheum. 

A (jiLij9\ itshmh, (v. n. 4 of i^}^) Misling. 

A )ixh\ uttat, Creaking (thongs). 

A j»Ul»^ it^m, (v. n. 4 of ^«1») Feeding, giving 
victuals. Grafting. Being well-flavoured (ripen- 
ing dates). Having ripe fruit (a palm-tree). 

A i^Uial ittUam, (v. n. 8 of v«i') Being fine fla- 
voured (fruit). Being instructed in literature and 
good breeding, or any thmg useful. Eating food. 

A jjUlj^ itti^n, (v. n. 8 of i^}>^) Seeking to 
spear (each other). Breaking a lance with another. 

A *.^\ at^mat, (pi. of ^Uls ta^m) Meats, 
victuals, viands. Wheats. »Jk-^ »v«i»^ ataman 
nafim, Exquisite meats. 

A ^^^o\ atian, More or most of a piercer. 

A AjJo\ itghcLt, (v.n.4of ^Jila) Seducing, lead- 
ing into error. Rendering proud, petulant, insolent. 
Making exorbitant or excessive. 

A f\s^\ itfai, ( V. n. 4 of ,_^) Extinguishing, 
putting out (a fire or life). 

A lil»\ if/ah, (v. n. 4 of iis) Filling till the 
liquor runs over, filling to the brim. 

A — lil»\ ittifah, (v. n. 8 of iia) Throwing up 
Bcum (a boiling pot). Taking off the scum. 

A i>^j^\atfaz,{^\. of jiia) Sepulchres, graves. 

( 109 ) 

A jUl5\ ittifwr, (v. n. 8 of^^flla) Putting his feet 
under the armpit of a horse (a rider), which is re- 
garded as bad horsemanship. 

A ( i\uo\ itfaf, (v.n. 4 of Cji)o) Happening, 

occurring. Being possible, offering itself, coming 
in one's way. Impending. Filling to the brim. 
Bringing forth an imperfect colt (a camel). Un- 
derstanding, knowing. Comprehending, contain- 
ing. Being near, at the point of. Hitting (with a 
stone). Studying to deceive. 

A jliLl itfak, (v. n. 4 of jaL>) Fulfilling 
one's wishes (God). 

p jliial atfdl, A wife (considered more respect- 
ful than jjjj zan, and other similar words). 

A JlfliaT atfal, (pi. of Jil> tijl) Infants, chil- 
dren, boys. P cb Jliia^ atfali hagh, Fresh flow- 
ers, young plants, a Itfal, (v. n. 4 of (Jii?) Be- 
ing near sun-set, reddening, as at sun-set. Enter- 
ing upon darkness. 

A jjUjiiia^ itfisndn, (v. n. 4 of j^^i.** Q) Being 
quiet, tranquil, good, and amiable. 

A J^l itl or itil, (pi. Jli? I dtdl) The side, that 
part of the belly under the short ribs, the hypo- 
chondria. Utl, Any thing, a mouthful. 

A f"^) atldf, (pi. of ^ tala') Fawns (when 
just brought forth). The young ones, especially 
of animals that divide the hoof. Sick, diseased. 
Itlds, (v.n. 4of(_^) Inclining toone's own wishes. 
Bowing the head, submitting to death, or any 
other calamity. Anointing (with pitch). 

A ^*^\ ittildi, (v. n. 8 of ^^o') Being anointed, 
bedaubed. Anointing one's self with pitch, or the 
like. Removing hair from the body with a pre- 
paration of arsenic. 

A L-^iUa^ atldb, (pi. of l-J^I^ tilb) Lovers, 
courtiers, suitors, fond of women. Itldh, (v. n. 4 
of \^Jua) Forcing (one) to seek or inquire. Grant- 
ing a petition. Being far off, or a great way to 
seek (as water or forage). 

A L-^^\ ittildh, (v. n. 8 of ^—*i^) Seeking, 
asking, exacting. 

A _^U»\ a</aA, (pi. of Jiia ii'ZA) Jaded (camels). 
Tikes, sheep-lice. Stewards, farming-bailiffs. 
Danglers after women. Itldh, (v. n. 4 of Jl» ) Fa- 
tiguing or even killing (a camel). Being jaded. 

A (y>5Ual atlds, (pi. of lyMo tils)W orn smooth, 
bare, bald. Wolves whose hair is rubbed off quite 
bare ; the thighs of camels in the same state. 
Things defaced or erased. Spots, stains. 

A ciUs^ itld^, (v. n. 4 of jii») Manifesting, im- 
parting what one knows, informing, putting in pos- 
session of a secret. Knowing, understanding, con- 
sidering. Bringing up or out, drawing forth. Put- 
ting forth buds or the spathes which enclose the 
dates (a palm-tree). Vomiting. Shooting or throw- 
ing beyond, above, or wide of the mark. Coming, 
approaching. Causing one to make haste. Doing 

a kindness, conferring a favour. 

A c^U»\ ittildf, (v. n. 8 of jiia) Ascending, ris- 
ing (the sun or stars). Putting forth buds (a palm). 
Knowing. Inspecting, viewing, examining, pene- 
trating deeply (into any business). Arriving, ap- 
proaching. Being hidden. Information, report, 
p (j'^j.j*^' J c^Us^ ittildfu shumr kardan, To 
exami^ne and animadvert upon. 

A Is-iUal ittild^n,V or the purpose of informing. 

A I 9^lia\ itldf, (v. n. 4 of i_fiii») Giving, be- 
stowing. Escaping with impunity. Suffering to 
go unpunished. 

A j^Wal atldh, (pi. of Jjii^ talK) Fawns, young 
deer. (pi. of /mo tulk and tuluk) Free, unconfined 
(camels), pasturing at large, (pi. of /^ talah') 
Intestines. Sheaths (of horses). Itldk, (v. n. 
4 of Jj!^) Setting at liberty, liberating, releas- 
ing, dismissing, sending away. Loosening, re- 
laxing. Using (a word) in a free, unrestricted, 
or universal sense. Opening (the hand), being li- 
beral, giving bountifully. Divorcing, repudiating. 
Allowing (camels) to go freely to pasture and water 
when the day's journey is over ; also, being pos- 
sessed of such camels. Giving a poisoned draught 
to an enemy. Rendering the female palm fruitful 
by sprinkling the farina of the male tree. A diar- 

rhcEa. ^j^Ua^l i 'jj»- hurufu'litldk, The letters 

\, J, and (_^ put after a homogeneous vowel to fill 
up : as, j5\.»i kamdlu for (jl»S kamdlu, ^U* ka- 
mdld for (Jl»S kamdla, ^JU* kamdli for jUi ka- 
mdli. jikia^l (J* tala' I itldk, Absolutely, pro- 
perly, universally. P (j^i;^ (j^ J^^^ itldki 
findn kardan, To give the reins (to a horse). 

A j^M9^ ittildk, (v. n. 8 of Jjiio) Being car- 
ried away (the mind). Being joyous and glad. 

A JiUal atldl, A certain horse or camel said to 
have been endued with the gift of speech, (pi. of 
Jiia talaV) Bodies, substances. Ruins of a house. 
Itldl, (v. n. 4 of (Jia) Being at the point of, im- 
pending. Knowing, understanding. Permitting 
blood to be shed unrevenged. 

A (.^llsl ittildm, (v.n. 8 of Jaj>) Submitting to 

A siUjl ittildh, (v. n. 8 of edij) Ascending, ris- 
ing. Inspecting,viewing; knowing,being cognizant. 

A ■. ,'\\-\ atlab. More or most of a seeker. 

A*Llal atillat, (pi. of JJia taUl) Mats. 

A ^.W^ itlikhdkh, (v. n. 9 of Ji») Being scat- 
tered. Flowing (tears). 

A *l»aC^ itlikhmdm, (v. n. 4 of ^aff^ Q) Being 
high and haughty. Being very dark (the night). 
Being dim (the sight). 

A ijJil»\ atlas. Bare, smooth, bald. Satin. 
Dirty, soiled. Old (raiment). Tending to black; 
any thing of such a colour. Name of a dog. A 
thief. Black (Ethiopian). Blackened, stigma- 
tized, suspected, p (jJia^ jy»- charhhi atlas, The 

crystalline sphere. 

p (i-Ais^ atlasl, An eunuch (black). 
A )a]^\ atlat, More or most cunning, shrewder. 
A >LJJil>\ itliiua^, (v.n.3 of ^_^Jl> Q) Flow- 
ing over the body(sweat). Going fromplace to place. 
A ^ViJi9\ itlinfaf, A cleaving to the ground. 
A eS^\ atlah, Destitute of water (river), (pi. 
«Ji» tulh) The same as ^JJi^^ atlas above. 

A sjJJa^ atUijat, (pi. of -^tlUa tilas) Liniments. 
A 2o\ aim., (v. n. of Jal) Biting (the hand) 
Voiding dung. Narrowing (a well's mouth). Let 
ting down a veil before a tent. Having a consti- 
pation and suppression of urine (a camel). Being 
enraged. Being bound, drawn together. Utum, 
(pi. *\1>T atdm and ^jl»\ utum) A fortress of stone. 
Any square edifice, with a flat roof. A stone fort. 
A fortress in Madlna. ia«e:il\ Ja^ utumu'lazbat, 
Name of a fortress in Yaman built by j> )axS\ 
*^S azbut bin kuray^ 

A t\^\ itmah, (v. n. 4 of ^) Raising the face, 
lifting the eyes. 

A jU^^ atmar, (pi. of j«l> timr) Old, worn-out 
clothes. Itmar, (v. n. 4 ofjj*) Drawing his yard 
up into the sheath (a horse). Causing to leap. 

Aj\^\ ittimdr, (v. n. 8 of jja) Leaping, vault- 
ing upon (a horse's) back from behind. 

A ;_>-l^^ itmds, (v. n. 4 of (j-J*) Putting out, 

A iaUis^ atmdt, A species of Indian nut. 
A e.\^\ atmdf, (pi. of *«1> tama^ Soldiers' 
pay. The times at which they receive it, pay-days, 
(pi. of j^Ua <o»i?^and ^^ tami^ Greedy. It- 
md^ (v. n. 4 of xj^) Exciting a strong desire, 
causing to hanker. 

A JlJj»^/<ma/,(v.n.4ofJj3)Erasing( writing). 
A J^al ittimdl, (v. n. 8 of J>«i») Extracting 
even to the last drop from a cistern. 

A ^Uisl itmdm, (v. n. 4 of ll») Being fit for cut- 
ting, requiring to be cut and dressed (hair). 

aJ)j^ itmihrdr, (v.n. 4 ofjtf*^ Q) Drink- 
ing to repletion. 

Aj]jSi^' itmikhrdr, (v.n. 4 oijO^ Q) Drink- 
ing to repletion. 

Ajji>\ utmurr, High-spirited, swift (horse). 
A )0y^\ atmut, A species of Indian nut. 
o L«jk^\ atniisd, Southernwood. Mugwort. 
A ^JCxJ^\ itmisndn, (v. n. 4 of ^J^ Q) Repos- 
ing, resting. Rest, tranquillity, repose, content, 
quiet, security, peace. Jh\»- ijci^\ itmimdni 
hhdtir, Peace of mind. 

A A^\ itnds, (v. n. 4 of Ula) Killing, stinging 
mortally (a scorpion). Wishing for an inn or place 
of repose (travellers). Reclining upon any thing 
in order to sleep. Lying down in order to drink. 
(v. n. 4 of ,^1») Poisoning, killing suddenly, sting- 
ing mortally (a serpent). Striking in a mortal 
part. Inclining to suspicion and scandal. Launch- 

( 110 ) 

ing out into wickedness and debauchery. Having 
the spleen and lungs adhering to the left side. 
Buying. Selling. Liking to lounge on a sofa. 
A Am9\ atinndi,(ip\. ofij;u^) Buzzings of flies. 
A t->Ul>^ atndh, (pi. of t-^o^ia tunub) Tent- 
ropes, lindb, (v. n. 4 of t-^ii*) Raising a dust 
(wind). Speaking with sublimity, using glowing 
language. Sublimity of style. Bombast, hyper- 
bole in praise or censure. Following one another 
(camels). Flowing to a distance (a river). 

A »^\^\ itnabdt, An umbrella, parasol, arbour, 
any place or thing that shades from the sun or rain. 
A thong which joins a bow-string to the horn of a 
bow. sjUia'^l ^^\ ibnu'l itndbat, Name of a poet. 
A ~.\^\ itndkh, The causing of an indigestion. 
A uJUia^ atndf, (pi. of i_Ail» tanf) Promon- 
tories, extremities, protuberances, or mountain- 
peaks. Itndf, (v. n. 4of v_iil») Standing on a pin- 
acle, mountain-top, or coping of a wall. Having a 
copingforone's walljoraslaborpent over one's door. 
A ^J\^^ atndn, (pi. of (!^ tunn) Human bo- 
dies. Itndn, (v. n.4 of ^) Making any thing to 
sound or ring (as a bason, drum, or a bell). Mak- 
ing a duck to quack, or a fly to buzz. Cutting 
the leg (from the sound which the blow makes). 

A u-«ii>^ atnah, Long-legged, but lax withal. 

A iJd^\ U via atnafahu, What a little eater he 
is ! How poor he is ! How unwilling he is ! 

G sj\?\ atana, Athens. The Arabians call it 
*lXU&JJ.ii^wa<n«a<?<'Z/iM7<a?na^,The city of philo- 
sophers ; and W^J zaytunat, The olive-garden. 

A A^\ atwdt, Wrinkles, folds, plies. Ducts 
of fiit in the bunches of camels. Itwds, (v. n. 4 
of t/^) Abstaining from food, fasting. 

A A^\ ittiwds, (v. n. 8 of ^5'jl9) Being folded. 
A C>\^\atwdd, (pi. of <i^) Large mountains. 
Aj\^\ atrcdr, (pi. ofj^ tawr) Times, turns, 
ways. jUis^ J OUilH/« makdmdt u afwdr, Places 
and countries, p 8m)j\^\ atrcdri siyah, Black 
or wicked actions. J^yJtXi j\^\ atrcdri ndham- 
n-ar,TJnworthyactions^»J.>.iiJu»ijul j SAxf-jljljl 
atwdri hannda u dsdri fasandida, Praise-worthy 
actions and illustrious deeds, j^ji*^ 0*'J*" ^^wmsA- 
atwdr, Well-bred. 

A V^^ atwdran, Occasionally. 
A (_)J^jl>\ atwds, (pi. of (_)«j\i> tdsiis) Pea- 
cocks. Beaus, handsome men. (Grounds) luxu- 
riant with herbage. Silvers. 

A)o\^\atn:dt, (pi. ofl>jl») Libidinous stallions. 
A jljis^ atn-dk, The milk of the cocoa-nut. (pi. 
of J^ tawk) Collai-s, chains for the neck. 

A Jljla^ ain'aZ, (pi. of JjiadS/) Longitudes. Jt- 
wdl, (v.n.4 of JUa for Jjla) Lengthening. Bring- 
ing forth a long-shaped infant (a woman). 
Ajjh\ atwar, End, extremity. 
A (j^,^la<wan«, A calamity, misfortune. ^ 


iOjjl3\ J*5\ j balafjhaft'l ^Im atmar ay hi or atwa- 
rihi, He attained the beginning and end of learning. 
A f^\ atwa^, More or most obedient. 
A Jjl3U«wa/,(pl.Jj\i9^a<a«'iZ)Longer,longe8t. 
(A camel) which has a long dangling upper lip. 
A ^jial atmalan, Prolixly, tediously. 
A j>^\ atum, A sea-tortoise, turtle. A species 
of wild ox. A kind of thick-skinned fish. A bow 
whose string sticks close to the handle. A hedge- 
hog. A sea-shell. t7i!M?»,(pl.of Jo W<«m) Castles, 
fortresses, square buildings of stone with flat roofs. 
A A^\ it-hds, (v. n. 4 of l^ for_^) Being 
skilful, clever at any work or business. 

aJ^\ at-hdr, (pi. of^ tuhr) Purities, (pi. 
of^lia tdhir) Clear, pure, chaste, unsullied, clean. 
}^'^\ al at-hdr, Days (of a woman's) cleanness. 
A ^\^\ it-hdf, (v. n. 4 of Ui^ not in use) 
Using a short for a long vowel. Discoursing plain- 
ly, simply, perspicuously. Being loose, flaccid (a 
leathern bottle). Givingawayapartof one's wealth. 
Growing luxuriantly (the plant J^ silliydn). 
Sowing the kind of grass called i_i^ tahf. 
Aj^\ at-har, More or most pure. 
aJ^\ ittahhur,(y.n.o{J^\ittahhara) (for 
J^ tatahhur, v. n. 5 of^) Being purified. Be- 
ing clean, free from vice. 

A (-jUa^ atydh, (pi. of t-jJii* fib) Odours, un- 
guents. Itydb, (v. n. 4 of c_^\i» for ^-^) Re- 
lishing, liking well, approving. 

A J^\ntydr, (pi. oiji^ tayr) Birds. 
A v-JUj^ ittiydf, (v. n. 8 of L-ili» for uJjis) 
Going to the privy. 

A u-aA>1 a^»/a7),Better,best,moreormo3t sweet, 

fragi'ant, delicate, pleasant, delightful. yjV**!'^^ 
al atyahdni, The two delights, Ceres and Venus, 
or youth and gay spirits. »^\ ^ md atyabuhti, 
How delightful (is) it ! 

A^laYir, Sin, crime, fault. Straits. Speech, 
a word. Evil which comes from afar. J^^ ij'^ ' 
^jJ> ahhazant hi atiri ghayri, He blamed me for 
the fault of another. 

A ^^j(^^ utayrik, A palm-tree. 

A (jStA*^ atyash, A kind of bird. 

A la-la! atit, (v. n. of W) Making a creaking 
noise (the saddle of a camel). The sound itself. 
The rattling of the belly (from hunger). Hunger. 
The yearning of the bowels. The noise made by 
a camel's colt. The mui-muring of a camel from 
fatigue, ordesire for her young, la^l ^^\ahliafit, 
Those who look after, or make use of, camels. 

A «<i>\ afitnat, (pi. ^^\ atdihn) A gi-ate, 
a hearth, or any place where fire is lighted. 

A ^^^^ atyut, Name of an Indian nut. 

A jLk\ azfdr, (pi. of_^ zisr) Nurses, foster- 
mothers, those who suckle the oifspring of others. 
Izsdr, (v. n. 4 ofjUa) Inducing (a camel) to suckle 
the colt of another. Hiring a nuree. 

AjoU&l azafir, (pi. ofj^) Nails, claws, hoofs. 

A (_AJi)li2>l azaRf, (pl.of &ijUi>l uzlufat,) Grounds 

full of rugged and sharp stones (as mountains, &c.). 

A tjroli>\ azan'in, (pi. of ^^ zann) Opinions. 

Doubts, waverings. 

A iJlo\ azbt, (pi. of jLla zubat) The points of ar- 
rows. The curved edges of swords, (pi. of (c-ia 
zaby) Wild bucks, chevrils. 

A ^))o\ azrab, The roots of the teeth. Wis- 
dom-teeth. Four teeth behind the iij>-^j3 nawajiz. 
Aj2;Bi izrar, A walking upon sharp stones. 
A i^\Jb\ izraf, (v. n. 4 of i_jpi>) Bringing forth 
ingenious, witty children. Making a vessel. 

A 'iyb\ azirrat, (pi. oi ji,Jb zartr) (Grounds) 
full of sharp stones. 

A 1 — iJiA azraf, More or most elegant, beauti- 
ful, clean, neat. More or most facetious, witty. 
\jjjo\ itzrur, A round stone with a sharp edge. 
A Aj>,Jio\ iznraj:, (v. n. 12 of ^sj^) Swelling 
(the belly). Suffering from over-eating. Being 
oppressed with fat. 

A ^iHaiil iztilam, (v. n. 8 of Jia) Being har- 
rassed by, bearing patiently, or sinking under, ty- 
ranny, oppression, cruelty, or outrage. 

Ajluatl izthar,(Ti.-a. 8 of,Ub) Hiring a nurse. 
A ^^)^\ az^n, (pi. of i L j^xij za^nat) Litters 
in which women travel on the backs of camels. Wo- 
men so caiTied. Jz^n, (v. n. 4 of ^^J»^) Causing 
(a man) to travel, or to migrate. 

A jjUlil izzi^n, (v. n. 8 of (^^) Travelling in 
the camel-litter aJjmI? zatinat, (a woman). 

Aj\ajo\ azfdr, A kind of perfume resembling 
uprooted nails, (pi. of jflis» zufr) Nails, claws, 
hoofs. Large tikes, which annoy camels, sheep, 
and other cattle. Certain small stars in front of the 
constellation of the eagle. t-*j3Jljlali^ azfdru'z 
zub, Certain small stars near the constellation 
^JiSi^ farhadan. i^'^WjM^S azfam't tib, Per- 
fumed nails. Jzfdr, (v. n. 4 of jfli>) Wounding 
with the nails. Making conqueror, enabling one 
to triumph, or to attain his object. 

Aj\mI>\ izzifdr, (v. n. 8 oi J^) Being victo- 
rious. Sticking the nails in any thing. Seizing (a 
bird) by the head (a hawk). 

aJ^\ azfar, Possessed of long and broad nails. 
Aj^\ uzfur, (pl.jjiUi\ azafir) A nail, claw, 
talon. Atendril growing round the branch of a vine. 
A Ji»\ azall, (pi. Jj& zult) The inside of a fin- 
ger or of the sole of a camel's foot. 

A i__J!^\ azlaf, (pi. of ^JiHh zilf) The hoofs 
of oxen, sheep, and other animals which divide the 
hoof. The animals themselves. Izlaf, (v. n. 4 of 
i_ai3&) Falling upon hard ground, with sharp and 
rugged stones. Concealing one's footsteps by walk- 
ing upon hard, unyielding ground. 

A J:sU5.1 azlal, (pl.of Ji2» zill) Shadows. Iz- 
Idl, (v. n. 4 of ^yb) Shading, casting a shadow. 

( 111 ) 

Turning the face to. Approaching. Being cloudy. 
A J^\ izldm, (v. n. 4 of J^) Growing dark. 
Walking in darkness. Being bright (the front 
teeth. Meeting with oppression. 

A ^^Ubl izzildm, The being tyrannized over. 

A JJo\ azlam, More or most unjust. jJll ^^ 

'■^-^^^ J ,_y^l la^na'Udh azlamiwa azlamaka, 

May God curse the more unjust of me and thee 1 

A &i^\ uzlufat, (pi. k_ftjJUi>l azRUf) Ground 

covered with sharp rugged stones. 

A f\^\ azmds, (pi. of ^2o zims) Thirets. The 
spaces of time between drinking or watering of 
cattle. Izmdt, (v. n. 4 of ^j^) Making thirsty. 
Making (a fat horse) lean. 

A ^_g^^ azma\ Brown and slender (spear). 
Black (cloud or shadow). One who has brown 
and bloodless gums. 

A jjlOil iznan, (v. n. 4 of ^) Suspecting. 
Rendering liable to suspicion. 

A^J^\ izzindn, (v. n. 8 of (^) Suspecting. 
A iUil azinnat, (pi. of ijjSh zariin) Suspected. 
A A^\ izn-dt, (v. n. 4 of {jjio) Being foolish. 
A «-->j^' azyub, (pi. of i_->UJ> zatb) Husbands 
of wives' sisters. Marriages. Noises, clamours. 
Ajyib\ azsur, (pi. o^J^) Nurses,foster-mothers. 
A jlflbl izhdr, (v. n. 4 of^^) Revealing, dis- 
covering, publishing, evincing, displaying, exhi- 
biting. Pretending, feigning, making an outward 
show. Exalting, rendering superior, assisting 
against an enemy. Entering upon or travelling in 
the noon-tide heat. Despising, rejecting, forget- 
ting, treating slightingly, casting behind one's back. 
Reading off by heart. Being possessed of camels 
for the saddle, p j^<i;S Cl*«j-ai- jl.^\ izhdri khu- 
gumat kardan, To show enmity, become an open 
enemy, i:)'^^ j)/ J^^ izhdri frdr kardan, To 
make a feint retreat, to appear to fly. 

Aj\^\ izzihdr, (v. n. 8 of^^) Throwing be- 
hind one's back. Forgetting. Neglecting. Despising. 
Aj^\ azhar, More or most clear, bright, evi- 
dent. (ji>>. «H ^^ j^\ azhar mini' sh shams, 
Clearer than the sun. Azhur, (pi. of j^) Backs. 
ffi>j^^ tjO bayna azhurihim, In the midst of them. 
A jUib\ izziidr, (v. n. 8 oiJ)b) Giving suck to 
another's child (a woman), another's colt(acamel). 
A c^ ci «P ttf. The sound made in vomiting. 
A As\ iMs, A sheath, case, pure, or chest. 
A i^\S'\ a^bid, (pi. of liJkC- ^bd) Servants. 
A jt>-^^ afdjim, (pi. of **^ afjam) Barba- 
rians (those who cannot speak Arabic, or speak 
incorrectly ; but more particularly the Persians). 
A i_-*A»-^^ a^fd), (pi- of SJjsP' u^abat) Mi- 
racles, wonders. 

A »ii\pl i^ddat, (v. n. 4 of lilp for i^jP) Caus- 
ing to return, bringing back. Making a habit or 
custom ( Jo\p fddat). Repetition, reiteration, say- 
ing or doing any thing over again, p m"^ Oiilff'l 

i^dat kardan. To repeat, to relate. 

A t^iilfi'la^a(Zi,(pl.of jiiP^a<^Sro) Enemies, foes. 
A 'iS[s\ i^zat, (v. n. 4 of JlP for lijP) Forcim' 
to fly for refuge. Having recently brought forth 
young (camels, mares, deer, &c.). Wishing to hin- 
der, prevent, or keep back. Saving, defending. 
A 'iJS'S i^rat, (v. n. 4 ofjlfr for_j^) Lending. 
Borrowing. Being in fear. (v. n. 4 of .Ip for j^&) 
Carrying. Turning (a horse) loose to pasture. Go- 
ing to and fro. Turning away from one female to 
another (a male camel). Flying about, being spread 
far and wide (a poem). Making (an arrow-head) 
large in the middle. 

A ^jaj\^\ a^riz, (or {^ja>Js\ a^riz) (pi. of 
kJ^^jP" ^ruz) The concluding members in the 
first hemistichs of couplets. 

A i-<j^l a^rib, (pi. of L->yt\ a^-db) Wild 
wandering Arabs (the more civilized citizens be- 
ing called 1—^ farab). 

A iuolpl iMisat, The withering (of corn). 
A 'm\s-\ i^shat, (v. n. 4 of i^\s- for ^^j-^) 
Supporting, preserving life. 

AjJm\^\ a^shir, (pi. oiJ^lsA a^hdi') Broken 
in ten pieces (pots). 

AjXolfrl a^'ir, (pi. of jLa^l i^dr) Whirl- 
winds, hurricanes, tornadoes. 

A 'Le^£-\ i^zat, (v. n. 4 of (^Ip for i^j^) 
Recompensing, rewarding, retaliating, giving one 
thing in return for another. 

A J&IpI a^zim, (pi. of JaS-\ a^ani) Great, 
chief, principal. ^3^wQ (jjL^Lu Jo\s-\ a^zimi 
saldfinimuslimdni. The greatest of Muslim princes. 
A 'ii\s\ i^fat, (v. n. 4 of u-J^ for i— ftAP) Hav- 
ing (cattle) approaching water, and smelling to it, 
without drinking, although thirsty. 

A 'i]\s-\ i^lat, (v. n. 4 of Jlp for Jyi) Becom- 
ing poor. Providing adequately for the mainte- 
nance of a family. Desiring eagerly. Exacting 
or levying more than what is due by law. (v. n. 
4 of JlS' for ^y^S■) Having a numerous family. 
Keeping a large establishment or household. 
A ,JlS:W^a/i,(pl. ofJ^\ a^Za') The upper parts. 
P '-r'^ (j^^ a^li-?nasdb. Of exalted deeds. 
A «*Ip\ i^mat, (v. n. 4 of -\*- for ^) Leav- 
ing without milk. Being without milk, 

A wIp\ i^nat, (v. n. 4 oi ^Js- for ^^^) Aid- 
ing, assisting. Assistance, help, aid, favour, (v. 
n. 4 of ^Js■ for ujff') Keeping a look out from 
an eminence. Eying, following with a malignant 
eye. Causing water to come up at a spring. 
Ajjlp\ a^wir, (pi. of jj&l) Nits in the head. 
A 'iJt>\fi-\ i^hat, (v. n. 4 of l\s- for »^ or *jl&) 
Suffering loss in cattle or corn. 

HI . 

A i__*C-l a^bb, Poor, needy. Thick-nosed. 
A AiS-\ a^ds, (pi. of -p»_*& ^i6j)Burthens,loads, 
bales (of merchandise). Like, resembling. 

A liL&l i^dd, (v. n. 4 of Jd*) Receiving or 

piirchasbg as a servant. Making (one) to serve 
another. Being fatigued, perishing through fatigue 
(cattle). Striking. Assembling, flocking together. 
Aj\^\ i^>5r, (v. n. 4 of jf) Remaining a 
whole year without being sheared (a sheep). Hav- 
ing much wool (sheep). 

A i^jJ^\ JffcS.*, (v. n. 4 of (j-J*-) Being be- 
daubed with dry dung (tails of camels). 

A ^jXif\ i^adt, (v. n. 4 of (jtJ*) Circumcis- 
ing (a boy). Adjusting, amending. 

A tl*^ i^at, (v. n. 4 of iaJiP) Surprising (a 
man) whilst in the vigour of health (death). 

A JUe^ a^fta/, (pi. of JjJi ^bal) Curled jagged 
leaves (as those of the tamarisk-tree). I^al, (v. 
n. 4 of JjlP) (Trees) having leaves sprouting (as 
in spring). Having leaves falling (on the approach 
of winter). Having large, thick, red leaves (the 
plant 'Iji^ar^fl') proper for tanning hides. Being 
thick. Being white. 

A (o^^ If 6a», The using a large, bulky camel. 
A liJiP^ afbad, More or most devout or devoted 
servant. Afhid, (pi. of Jo* said) Servants. 

A JjiPW^oZ,White stones. A mountain where 

siK'h stones are found. A stone rugged and thick, 

in which there is a mixture of white, red, and black. 

A f\sSx&\ iMnkas, (v. n. 15 of jjfp) Being a 

wicked wretch. Being extremely subtle. 

A ils-\ ttfbuat, (pi. of AfS- ^bof) Black 
striped cloaks worn by dervishes. Foolish fellows. 
Heavy, unwholesome (meats). 

A A^\ attas, (pi. of "^ Idfiy) Low, vile. 

Destroyers. Proud, overbearing. Whoremongers. 

A L— >\:*\ iftab, (v. n. 4 of <--*J*) Contenting, 

satisiying, making (one) to consent or acquiesce. 

Receiving into favour. Retiring. 

A i>\:X'\ iftad, (v. n. 4 of iSJkfr) Disposing, pla- 
cing in order, arranging, preparing one's self for 
any future occasion. 

A ^^\ i^ah, (v. n. 4 of /^) Setting at li- 
berty, bestowing freedom. Urging on (a horse). 
Managing well (property). Digging (a well) and 
building up the sides of it. Settling on a spot and 
becoming owner of it. 

A JSfi') i^am, (t. n. 4 of Ji*) Becoming dark 
(night). Being in the first division of the night, 
commencing after sunset. Doing any thing during 
that time. Having a portion of itself past (the 
night). Abstaining from that to which one had 
been addicted. Being slow and tardy. Being 
milked in the evening (camels). Collecting milk 
in the udder after the last milking. 

A y^' i^an, The being severe (to a debtor). 
A >Llcl i^iba^, (v. n. 8 of W) Stuffing, cram- 
ming. Repletion. 

A i>Ulp\ i^ibad, (v. n. 8 of Jofr) Reducing to 
slavery or servitude. Receiving as a servant. 
^J^^ i^ibar, (v. n. 8 of j<ft) Taking counsel. 

( 112 ) 

Taking an example or warning, and profiting by it. 
Reasoning,computing by comparison. Considering 
with attention. Being astonished, wondering. 
Esteem, honour, reverence, veneration, respect. 
Confidence, faith, belief. j\^^\ {J!^ ba ^yni 
i^ibar, With the eye of esteem, respectfully. 

A IsUfr^ i^ibat, (v. n. 8 of ia-P) Slaughtering 
an unblemished (camel). Carrying oflF a man in 
his full vigour (death). Digging (a well). Lying 
hid (a man). Forging a lie. Peeling the surface 
of the ground (wind). 

A D^^^^ i^ibatiy, Violent (suppression). 
A CyCJsX i^itab, (v. n. 8 of (--«Jk«>) Purposing 
to do any thing. Turning away from one thing, 
and turning to another. Leaving a smooth road, 
and turning into a rough one. Turning away from, 
A l1>U:»^ i^isas, (v. n. 8 of i.LS') Uprooting. 
Finding the way towards. Cleaving, sticking to. 
A aIjupI i^isam, (v. n. 8 of Jlp) Asking assist- 
ance. Being useful, beneficial. Doing to the best 
of one's ability. Stretching forth the hand to re- 
ceive or to beckon. Sewing slightly (a wallet). 

aJJ^^ i^ijar, (v. n. 8 oij^) Putting on a 
coif or veil for the head (a woman). Putting on 
a turban without leaving any part of the sash to 
hang down. Bringing forth a boy or girl after 
having despaired of offspring. 

Taking dough. 

A 4Jjis-\ attud, (pi. of liUs- uitad) Arms, in- 
struments, utensils, equipments (for a journey). 

A -»\jJkS'^ iMdds, (y.n.8 of \^ for jj*') Trans- 
gressing, being iniquitous, unjust. Injustice. 

A ii\iJjiff-\ ?p<i(Zac?,(v.n.8of iJsC)Counting,num- 
bering. Taking pains, being anxious. Sufficing. 
Aj\ii3S'\ i^idar, (v. n. 8 ofjJ>S-) Raining hea- 
vily. Abounding in water. Being moist by rain. 
A J^Jjiff-\ i^idal, (v. n. 8 of Ji>P) Being mid- 
dling, moderate, just, or even. Being straight and 
upright. Equality, equilibrium. Moderation, tem- 
perature, mediocrity. \jfc J\iilfr) i^iddli hawd, 
The temperature or salubrity of the air. JliiJkfrl 
^y^\ J j^> iHiddlu'n nahdr ma'l layl, (Equa- 
lity of day and night) The equinox ; the Persians 
call the two equinoxes of spring and autumn ]• . y 
naw roz, (new day, that being the beginning of their 
year) and y V^ mihrjan, (the autumn) both of 
which they celebrate with festivals. (JliiJk&\ jj^ 

iJ^ iftijan, (v. n. 8 of ^^<') Kneading. 

obliterated. Excusing one's self, apologizing. La- 
menting, complaining. Letting the ends of the tur- 
ban-sash hang loose. Stopping, ceasing to flow 
Deflowering. Expiation. Old, ancient. Pj\SaS-\ 
^^/i^izdr kardan, To excuse, make an apology. 
F «/«U ,li::&^ ;c<ii^a?--?jarna, A letter of apology. 
A ^VSS^ i^tizak, (v. n. 8 of jiP) Letting both 
ends of the turban-sash fall down behind. Distin- 
guishing, particularizing. Marking (a young she- 
camel) in order to catch (her). 

A ^\o:»\i^izdl, (v. n. 8 of JiS") Blaming one's 
self. Receiving reproof. Pursuing with steadiness: 
resolution, perseverance. Going in the middle of 
the road. Shooting a second time. 

A Aj»\ i^irds, (v. v..%oi\f- for jjS') Coming 
upon, down upon, over one. Desiring, seeking. 
aJ\JS-\ i^irdr, (v. n. 8 of^) Being in want, 
and shewing one's necessities without begging. 

A (^Jf-\ i^irds, (v. n. 8 of o^) Being se- 
parated, divided, scattered. 

A i^]jiS'\ i^irdsh, (v. n. 8 of {J^^) Making 
a bower. Hanging from the top of a trellis (grapes). 
Being seated on horseback. 

A [^yjS^ i^irag, (v. n. 8 of i^jS-) Playing. 
Being cheerful, sprightly, active. Beating, throb- 
bing (the skin). 

A (_)o)/^\ ittirdz, (v. n. 8 of <^^^ Being 
mounted on horseback, and reviewing an army. Re- 
viewing a book ; criticism, animadversion. Meet- 
ing, encountering, lighting on. Intervening, inter- 
cepting. Being hindered by a jinn or disease from 
visiting one's wife. Opposing, hindering, resisting ; 
refusal, denial. Speaking ill of, disparaging. Be- 
ing untractable, disobedient to the rein (a horse). 
Going awry (a stubborn camel). Riding on such 
a beast. Lying (as a plank across a brook or a gut- 
ter). Feeding in a grassy spot (a camel). Spread- 
ing. Smiting with a dart an opponent. Commen- 
cing a month, but not at the beginning. Taking 
pains, striving. Occurrence. 

A Cj>\jo\jfs\ i^irdzdt, Oppositions. 
A Isi^i iitirdt, A slandering of the absent. 
A ( — >\jiS-\ i^irdf, (v. n. 8 of wi^S') Knowing. 
Inquiring diligently. Being patient. Being hum- 
ble, obedient, submissive. Telling one's name and 
business. Confessing, acknowledging, avowing. 

A ij]j^\ i^irdk, (v. n. 8 of ^^) Stripping the 
flesh from a bone. 

A iil\pkC-U'^<iraA,(v.n.8of(.i)^) Pressing one 

kadi i^iddl, Mediocrity, moderation. An equita- { upon another in battle, or camels round a cistern 

ble decision, p Jl.iJfr\y C^cS kdmati bar i^iddl, 
Middle stature. ^^^J JljJkS-l i^iddl kardan, To 
temperate, moderate. 

A ».^ic\ a^idat, (pi. of lijjkfr) Yearling kids. 

A L->\ jl&\ i^izdb, (v. n. 8 of (— ' J*) Leaving 
both ends of the turban-sash to fall down behind. 

Aj\^\ i^izdr, (v. n. 8 ofjj*) Being eflTaced, 

Stuffing herself with a menstrous cloth (a woman). 

A cj;**^^ i^irdm, A being hard, violent, intense. 

A AjiS.\ i^izds, (v. n. 8 of VjP for jJS') Claim- 
ing relationship, (v. n. 8 of t^) M«ntioning one's 
own name, relationship, or military watch-word ia, 
battle. Claiming relationship. A sign, mark, sig- 
nal, pass-parole, or military watch-word. 

AjV^\ iftizaz, (v. n. 8 of JP) Priding one's 
self upon, esteeming one's self ennobled by. 

A J V^l iftizal, (v. n. 8 of JjP) Separating one's 
self from the rest, renouncing, discarding, seceding. 
Being deposed from office. Abstaining from inter- 
course with women. Schism, secession, retirement, 
dissent. J^/^^ (J*^ '^^^' iriizal, A schismatic. 

A (•Uj^^ ittizam, (v. n. 8 of aJS') Pursuing any 
thingwith steadiness, resolution, perseverance. Fix- 
ing one's heart upon. Endeavouring, striving. Tra- 
vellmg in the middle of the highway. Going in a 
canter, going at a moderate pace. Going in a head- 
strong and skittish manner (a horse). Bearing up 
patiently under troubles and afflictions. Applica- 
tion, attention, endeavour, fixed purpose, delibe- 
ration. Running full speed (a horse). 

/^ \..\c.\ iztisar, (v. n. 8 of^-^) Bridling and 
riding on an unbroken camel. Compelling, forcing, 
using violence. Taking part of (a son's) property 
against his will. 

A (_)mLJ*^ i^isds, (v.n.8 of {J^) Acquiring, 
gaining. Going in amongst (camels) stroking their 
uddere to induce them to give milk. Going the 
nightly round, patrolling. Keeping watch (a dog). 

A t_iL-J*\ i^isaf, (v. n.8 oft_ a ... C ') Straying, 
deviating from the right way. Employing, using 
the labour of another. Oppression, injury. 

A |»LJ[p\ ittisam, (v. n. 8 of *<»*) Putting on 
old purchased boots. A shepherd placing the lambs 
(as soon as dropped) near their respective dams. 

A f\JL:»\ i^ishas, (v. n. 8 of liS' for ^) Tra- 
velling in the evening. Going near a fire or light 
in order to see better. 

A (^\L:S'\ iUishwsh, (v. n.8 of (_^) Building 
a nest. Laying in a small quantity of provisions. 

A yti^l i^ishan, (v. n. 8 of ^JJ^) Conjec- 
turing, guessing. Seeking carefully for those dates 
which are gathered from the roots of the branches 
after the clusters are cut off. Assaulting or spring- 
ing upon (any one) unjustly. 

A •*Lajkff'^ iftisat, (v. n. 8 of LoC- for j^aC') Lean- 
ing on a staff. Cutting a stick, felling a tree for 
the sake of a stick. Making a sword serve the pur- 
pose of a stick, (v. n. 8 of j_^aP) Being very hard 
(a date-stone). 

A (-->UaJkPl iftisub, (v. n. 8 of t-jwiflP) Tying a 
rope round a camel's thigh to make her give milk 
more plentifully. Forming troops of from ten to 
forty. Being content. 

AjLaifr^ i^isar, (v. n. 8 of j<aP) Squeezing, 
expressing (juice from the grape) in one's own per- 
son, or for one's own self. Being pressed. Be- 
ing avaricious and tenacious. Extorting money 
(as a debt or otherwise). Easing one's self. Visit- 
ing with a view of obtaining a present. Taking 
refuge. Refusing, preventing. Withholding pro- 
perty from a son (a father). Dissolving with a little 

( 113 ) 

water food sticking in the throat. Taking, seizing. 

A ( — sLoi&l i^i^af, (v. n. 8 of i_flja&) Labour- 
ing to gain a livelihood. Going with haste. 

A |«LaJkff'\ Utismn, (v. n. 8 of ^^aP) Preserving 
one's self from sin. Taking refuge. Keeping one's 
seat on horseback by laying hold of something 
fixed to the saddle for that purpose. 

A jLaipl i^izad, (v. n. 8 of li^off) Begging as- 
sistance. Taking or putting under the arm. 

A (_jUa:St\ i^itdb, (v. n. 8 of t_*laP) Taking 
fire in a bit of cloth (*-iaP fuibat). 

A i_jUaiSi\ ifditaf, (v. n. 8 of i_alaS') Putting 
on (the cloak or mantle i_flV»\g' wtif). 

A Jlk»\ i^lzm, (v. n. 8 of Jkfr) Sticking 
fast when coupling (dogs or locusts). 

A Aks-\ i^ifat, (v. n. 8 of lac- for jflS) Going 
to beg a favour. Cropping herbage close to the 
ground (camels). 

A o\sCS-\ i^ijad, (v. n. 8 of ^jifr) Shutting the 
door upon one's self and dying of hunger, without 
asking relief (a thing sometimes done in seasons 
of scarcity). Believing. 

aJJcP'] i^ifar, (v. n. 8 of ^^) Soiling with 
dust. Assaulting,springing upon another. Rolling 
his prey in the dirt (a lion). Throwingon the ground. 

A Qjlfl:»\ i^'fas, (v. n. 8 of (j-flP) Grasping 
in wrestling. Being tui-bulent (people). 

A ^Joli:X■\ i^ifds, (v. n. 8 of (^jaOS-) Exacting, 
extorting (a debt). 

A i_Jli:»\ ^^tfaf, (v. n. 8 of iJlfifr) Picking 
up dry herbage clean off the ground (a camel). 

A ^\icS-\ i^ifak, (v. n. 8 of /y!^) Springing 
upon his prey (a lion). Fighting with swords. 

A -*lfl::s-\ i^ihcu, (v. n. 8 of las' for ^flS) Being 
detained. Digging in the sides of a well to gain 
an increase of water. Bandying words to and fro. 
(v. n. 8 of ,_Jis) Coming from any place. 

A 4«^'iX'\ i^ikdb, (v. n. 8 of i_ -"g-) Imprison- 
ing. Withholding goods from a purchaser until 
the money be paid. Being brought at length to 
repentance. Settling, lodging. 

A olS:S-\ i^ihdd, (v. n. 8 of liJiC') Being very 
hard, firm, and strong. Gaining, acquiring. Buy- 
ing an estate. Laying up in store. Believing. 
Faith, belief, trust. A popular notion. P iSliUftl 
U*^ «f<'7'a</ hardan, To place confidence, to be- 
lieve, lilfl^l |3 bi iftikdd, Faithless, an infidel. 

A jUi:^\ i9tikdr,(\. n.8 of jHs) Being wounded 
and galled in the back by the saddle (a beastof bur- 
den), and not driving off a bird that alights on it. 

A ^\SjS'\ iitikuk, (v. n. 8 of j^) Breeding ex- 
crescences at the root (a palm-tree or vine). Draw- 
ing (a sword). Being divided, split (a cloud). 

A JUiXPl iftihdl, (v. n. 8 of ^_)flP) Being bound, 
imprisoned. Being tongue-tied. Tying up a ca- 
mel's foot. Sitting cross-legged. (A horseman) 
carrying his spear between his leg and the side of 

his hoi-se. Doubling the foot back upon the groin, 
or resting it on the fore part of the saddle, when 
riding. Twisting the legs between those of a sheej) 
to make her steady whilst milking. Tripping up 
the heels in wrestling. Receiving a fine for murder. 

A j.Ui:»-l i^ikdm, (v. n. 8 of Jip) Digging a 
well ; and having penetrated to a short distance 
from the spring, boring a hole to try the quality 
of the water, in order to decide whether the work 
should be prosecuted or abandoned. 

A i_^\^l i^lkdb, (v. n. 8 of i— *ii^) Being 
raised (dust). Raising (a dust). 

A Jlx;&\ i^ikdd, A cleaving, a sticking to. 

AjO^l i^ikdr, (v. n. 8 of ji^) Being very 
thick (darkness). Raining heavily. Raising clouds 
of dust (wind). Rushing upon, assaulting. Re- 
newing a charge. Being mixed, thrown into disor- 
der and inextricable confusion (combatants). Be- 
ing fat(camel's bunch). Lasting, beingfirm(youth). 

A (_)M>:s-\ j^ikds, (v. n. 8 of (j«ii-) Being 
turned upside down. Being transposed or inverted. 

A I — i'i:x\ i^ihaf, (v. n. 8 of t_ft^) Waiting, 
expecting. Restraining, curbing one's passions from 
religious motives. Seeking retirement and holy 
solitude. Remaining constantly in the mosque. 

A Joi::*-^ !^ikdl,(Y.n.8 of JiP) Being obscure, 
intricate, perplexing. Butting (two bulls). Seek- 
ing retirement. 

A J'^\ i^iliam, (v. n. 8 of Ss-) Poising on 
the back of a beast of burden (panniers, trusses, 
&c.). Being closely packed. 

A >iLpl i^ilds, (v.n.8 of ikp for _^) Raising, 
elevating. Being advanced (the day). Height. 

A 05k»l i^ilds, (v. n. 8 of (.IJiP) Taking 
wood from the ^jc marhh tree without knowing 
whether it will emit fire or not. 

A _. "^k^S i^ilaj, (v. n . 8 of JS') Wrestling, hex- 
ing. Preparing for a fight or wrestling-match. 
Dashing together (billows). Producing the plant 
called ^)W^ falajdn. 

A i^":^] i^ilm, (v. n. 8 of i^sls) Taking a 
small quantity. 

A l>!ih&\ i^ildt, (v. n. 8 of la)*) Litigating, 
contending, squabbling, stirring up strife. 

A I J5JJt\ i^ildf, The eating of provender. 

A i^k^sl iMldli, (v. n. 8 of /^) Being at- 
tached, devoted to, loving. 

A j5Jjis-\ iitildl, (v. n. 8 of J*-) Being weak, 
sickly, ailing. Excusing one's self. Seeking for 
a pretext to injure any one. Turning (a man from 
a resolution), diverting (him) from (his) design. 
Being occupied by or satisfied with. Occurring. 

A *^Ls-\ i^ildm, (v. n. 8 of Jp) Knowing. 
Flowing (water). 

A jj^J>aC'^ i^ildn, The being made public. 

A >lj*' i^imot, (v. n. 8 of ^_g*^) Electing, 
choosing. Preparing for. 

A .iU*\ i^iviad, (v. n. 8 of X^) Leaning, de- 
pending, reiving upon, trusting or cominitting one's 
«elf(to any thing). Resolving, purposing. Riding 
all night. Being baptized. Faith, confidence, de- 
pendence, reliance. A support, prop. SJj^liivfPl 
iUimadu'd daiclat, (Stay of the empire) A prime 
minister, i' ^.s/ Ct\ifi\ i^imad kardan. To rely. 

A \ii\iS-\ i^imadiin. Confidently. Expressly. 

J jeiSVpfr^ i^tmadi. Worthy of confidence. 

Aj\if^ i^lmar, (v. n. 8 of j-»C-) Visiting, fre- 
quentbg. Remaining at Mecca on a pilgrimage. 
Preparing for. Putting on a turban called JjU*'- 

A \3\es^ i^imat, (v. n. 8 of 3a^) Disgracing, 
disparaging, reproaching. 

A ^j\i»\ i^hnak, (v. n. 8 of J^) Makingdeep. 

A J\*P^ i^imal, (v. n. 8 of J^) Doing any 
thing one's self. Being constantly at work. Cul- 
tivating, jKopling (the earth) Employing, using. 
Dbturbance, perplexity, confusion. 

A M\ifi\ i^mam,{Y. n.8 of !|>) Being common. 
Coming to maturity, attaining the full growth (a 
youth, plant, &c.). Putting on a turban (a^\^ 
fimamat). Frothing (milk). Being high, foaming 
(waves). The mode of putting on a turban. 

A P J*-**^ Iftimld, (a corruption of >i\£S-\ i^i- 
mad) Reliance. 

A >\jjiP^ i^tinof, (v. n. 8 of jS-) Takmg pains, 
looking aAer, managing. Coming upon any one 
(business). Anxiety, care. 

A jUi&l iftinaz, (v. n. 8 ofj^) Declining, turn- 
ing to one side. Travelling far, from place to place. 

A (jwUIpI iftinas, (v. n. 8 of jj-J*') Being 
long and liairy (the tail of a she-camel). 

A (ji>U5&\ iftinash, (v. n. 8 of (jSJ*') Seizing 
one another by the collar in a scuffle, grappling. 
Injuring. Seizuig byforceand under false pretences. 
^ uJ^Jji^l i^inaf, (v. n. 8 of i_fli.g) Grasping, 
seizing violently. Beginning any thing new. Be- 
ing ignorant of. Coming unexpectedly. Loathing, 
disliking (food or a country). Disagreeing with, 
not suiting. Turning away, retiring. Grazing land 
hitherto ungrazed. A beginning, commencement. 

A jl^^ i^inak, (v. n. 8 of JjJ*) Embracing 
or hugging one another (in friendship or in battle). 
Wearing (a chain) about the neck. 

A ciJUJi:*) i^inah, (v. n. 8 of ciiifr) Walking 
witli difficulty through mounds of sand (a camel). 

A ^J^^\ i^indn, (v. n. 8 of ^) Presenting 
itsclftoview. Havingone's affairsor history known. 

A A^\ i^in-oj, (v. n. 8 of {j^) Making a 
wry mouth and shouting. Howling. Bendin<r. 

Aj'jJ*i i^iicar, A borrowing from one another. 

A i2i\yfi-\ i^inak, (v.n. 8 of ciJle- for tiJj&) 
Thronging, crowding, pressing on one another. 

A Jljlfr^ i^imcd, (v. n. 8 of Jjft) Weeping. 

-* U V^^ »^^rtd«. The aiding of one another. 

A liys\ u^ubat, A mutual cause of quarrel. 

( 114 ) 

expostulation, or mutual recrimination. 

A :>\^\ i^ihad, (v. n. 8 of J.^^) Seeking for 
something lost or missing. Renewing a treaty or 
covenant. Looking after, minding, attending to. 

A JLSS-^ i^hjad,(\. n. 8 of .>\P for JjC-) Coming 
step by step. Making a habit or custom. Being ac- 
customed to any thing. Repetition, p li^ '-rir^ 
^\J^\ mashrabi dad-i^iy ad, A disposition accus- 
tomed to justice. «JUSp\ C^— i\yfusadi ma- 
sarrat-i^iyad, A heart habitually prone to joy. 

A {jo\^\ i^iyas, (v. n. 8 of O'jI*' for {ja^) 
Being difficult, intricate. Not holdingto the male. 

A U^'^^ i^iyaz, (v. n. 8 of ,jo\P for {jo^) 
Accepting a substitute, receiving an equivalent. 
Coming and asking for a substitute. 

A laUc-^ i^iydt, (v. n.8of lalff forl^y^) Being 
difficult and intricate, (v. n. 8 of ialP for la-fr) Not 
conceiving for several years though not barren. 

A u-JLoiP^ »t<«y"/) (v- n. 8 of u-J\P for Uiip-) 
Taking provisions for the way. 

A jUkfr\ i^iyak, (v. n. 8 of jlp for J^) Hin- 
dering, preventing. Holding back. 

A (•^-JkSS'^ i^iyarn, (v. n. 8 of -IP for JjP-) Tak- 
ing the best part of wealth or of sheep. 

A M^J^^ iftiyan, (v. n. 8 of jj\P for i^j*-) Act- 
ing as a spy for any one. Keeping a look out from 
an eminence, watching. Viewing, surveying. Look- 
ing out for a place or for fodder. Taking the best 
part of any thing. Buying on credit. 

A jUff-\ ifsar, (v. n. 4 ofjis-) Causing (one) to 
stumble or fall. Complaining of one to the king. 
Bringing down, abasing, destroying. Apprising. 

A ^J|^\ i^^ak, (v. n.4 of JjJ*-) Being fertile (the 
. ground). Being abundant and plenteous (a year). 

A |»Us-\ {Mam, (v. n. 4 of j^) Sewing slightly. 

A ^J^\ a^an, (pl.of (^^ M,san) Little idols. 

A i^Jcs-\ afsah. Left-handed. 

A j^*'^ atsa', Blackish (colour). Blackish-co- 
loured. Foolish. Very hairy. A male hyena. 

A r^^ «Myq;,(v.n.l2of J!ff')Makinghaste. 

A A^ i^at, (v. n. 4 of V:^ forj*r) Givingsuck 
to a child after the proper time. 

A i^l*P' i^ab, (v. n. 4 of (_jusP) Causing sur- 
prise. Givingpleasure. (in passive) Beingpleased. 

A «r^^ ^&^h ('^' ^- 4 of ^) Blowing violent- 
ly, making the dust fly. Being windy, stormy. 

A jl^\ a^az, The roots of palm-trees, (pi. of 
j^ ^juz, MJaz, or f(y<>) The hinder parts, the 
buttocks. Jj^\jW^^ t_jiaJ\ j (_^ rakibafl't 
talabi ayjdza'l ibli. He endured hardship. He was 
patient under difficulties or the loss of his right. 
He strove hard in the attainment of any thing. /»- 
jdz, (v. n. 4 ofj*^) Discovering, detecting weak- 
ness and imbecility. Rendering weak. Escaping, 
slipping through one's fingers, disappointing. A 
miracle. ^^^^jU^' i^/dzi masVa, A miraculous 
cure, equalling those wrought by the Messiah. 

A i\\a^'^ ;g7a2a<, Any kind of stuffing, quilting, 
or pad, which women use, to give a protuberance 
round the hips (in modern phrase, a bustle). 

A uJl:^^ i^«f,{y. n. 4of u_fls^) Emaciating, 
making lean (cattle). Adapting one's self to the 
humours and wants of the sick by care and patience. 
Having lean (cattle). 

A Jljs?"^ a^m, (pi. oV^ ^jalat) Carriages. 
I^jdl, (v. n. 4 of Jj^) Accelei-atmg, stimulating, 
urging, instigating. Outstripping, getting before. 
Being delivered of an untimely foetus (a camel). 
Hurrying a debtor, insisting on prompt payment. 
Keeping back, withholding. 

A «Jl^^ i^dlat, New milk, which the milkers 
send in presents to their friends. 

A |.U^^ a^dm, (pi. of ^ ^jam) Persians. 
Foreigners (not Arabians). I^)dm,{\.nAo{ ^) 
barbarously, or like a foreigner. Marking a con- 
sonant with diacritical points. 

A y\*P^ i^dn, (v. n. 4 of ^J^) Riding a fat 
she-camel. Being troubled with a swelling in the 
perinaeum ( ^jW- ^fin)- 

A t_-«s?'^ ayjab, More or most astonishing, won- 
drous, strange. <— ^ ^-r^ a^jahu 'l^jab. Most 
marvellous of marvels. aJ.j^ is^ ^ md a^aha- 
hu bi rcuyihi, How pleased with his own opinion ! 

A j^ ' afjar. Large-bellied. Rough, fierce. 

Aj^^ cifjaz. More or most impotent. Large 
about the buttocks. A^/uz, (pi. ofj^ ^juz) Hips. 

A (j-s?' a^as. Strong, hard in the centre. 

A i_fl5?^ aijcf, (pl- I— J^ ^j"f) Thin, lean, 
meagre. Thin (spear-head). 

A Jf^ oyal, The shortest-lived, the one who 
is nearer or nearest his end. 

A vsP' afjam. One who speaks barbarously 
(including all who cannot speak Arabic, or who 
speak it without elegance). A Persian. Dumb. 
Silent (wave making no noise). Ziyad the poet. 

A (l^j**; ' a? jawly, A Persian. Persic. Bar- 
baric, foreign. A barbarian. 

A SJUsP' apji7iat, (pi. of ^jUsT) Fools. Perinaea. 

A «Jj^ Ufjubat, (pi. c-a»-ls-\ afdjib) A mi- 
racle, a prodigy, a wonderful thing. 

A ISs-1 afadd, More or most ready. 

A Aii^\afdds, (pi. of^iiS- fida' OTfuda')Siides, 
quarters, (pi. of j^ ^uluw) Strangei-s, persons 
afar off. Enemies. tloJjii ij\^\ afddn darelat, 
Enemies of the state. ^^0 (_y\i\&\ afddn din, Ene- 
mies of the faith. J^ds, (v. n. 4 of S^Si- for jii.S') 
Contaminating, infectmg (either by disease or bad 
example). Carrying or communicating a conta- 
gious disease from one to another. (A judge) as- 
sisting or redressing any injury done by one to ano- 
ther. Helping, assisting, strengthening, reinforcing. 
Putting (a horse) to full speed. Causing to run. 

Exceeding bounds (in speech), speaking impro- 
perly or wickedly. Being iniquitous, unjust. Pass- 
ing over one thing to another. 

A jliiPl a^ldcl, (pi. of S* ^idd) Perennial foun- 
tains. Multitudes, (pi. of .ijp ^a^/a^i) Numbers. 
I^lad, (v. n. 4 of S*) Preparing, putting in order, 
making ready. Storing, laying up. p ^^ iiljp\ 
^^'i^ i^adisaman hardan, To count out money. 
A jl^l i^ak, (v. n. 4 ofjjp) Thrusting the 
hand into any place full of water, and moving it 
from side to side in search of any thing. 

A Jlj*l a^al, (pi. of J J* ^dl) Pairs, equals, 
(pi. of Ji>* ^dl) Things equal to others in weight 
or quantity (as loads divided equally on each side 
of a horse or camel). It has a reference also to ani- 
mate beings : as, just, equitable, honest (men). 

A ^\iS-\ i^lam, (v. n. 4 of ^^) Annihilating, 
destroying. Being wanting and not to be had. 
Escaping from. Depriving. Preventing. Want- 
ing, lackbg, or being deprived of; becoming poor. 
A Jj*^\ a^al, More or most just, equal, tem- 
perate. ;;;0jU)1 Jjiil a^alu'l ^dirin,^lost just 
of the just. L^[si^^ Jj*.\ a^ali as-hab, Most just 
of the companions. ^jjL^L- J j*l a^lali salafin, 
Most equitable of kings. 

More or most swift of foot, a better runner. 

A L-J^JPl i^ab, (Y.n.4ofL->j*-) Tormenting. 
Being sweet (water). Abandoning, leaving. Hin- 
dering, prohibiting, preventing. Clearing (water) 
from weeds, leaves, or other things which tend to 
spoil it. Having pure and sweet water. 

Aj\^\ a^ar, (pi. of^ jp ^zr) Excuses, /s- 
zar, (v. n. 4 of,iip) Excusing. Making apologies, 
inventing excuses. Deserving to be excused. Cir- 
cumcising. Providing a feast on any novel occa- 
sion (as finishing a house, or circumcising a child). 
Being very sinful, criminal, vicious. Doing less 
than one ought, although appearing to exert one's 
self greatly. Exerting one's self to the utmost. 
Leaving a scar. Marking with stripes (the back). 
Bridling (a horse), putting on that part of the bri- 
dle calledj^ j*- ^zar. Reaching maturity (a girl). 
Being full of rubbish and filth (a court-yard). Hav- 
ing one's life endangered. See i_jUa3^ insuf. 

A jli&l a^dh, (pi. of J jp ^zk) Bunches of 
grapes or dates. I^ak, (v. n. 4 of J j*) Distin- 
guishing by a peculiar mark (a camel or a sheep). 
Flowering (the sweet rush). 

A t— '^1 a^ab, Sweeter, sweetest, j^bjp^l 
al a^abani, (The two sweets) Ceres and Venus, or 
saliva (of the mouth of a mistress) and wine. 

A 'iic^\ a^ibat, (pi. ofL-»\ jp ^zab) Torments. 

A jSp\ a^zttA, (pi. of J j*' ^zh) Palm-trees 
with their fruit. 

■* J*'^ a^rr, Scabby (camel). Itchy (man). 
Bunchless (camel). (An ass) fat about the neck. 

( 115 ) 


A A^\ a^as, (pi. of jje- ^rw or A^ ^7-as) 
Spacious open places, tracts of country. Idle, neg- 
ligent, (pi. of ^jjS- ^iry) Horses without saddles. 
I^-as, (v.n. 4 of \jS- forj^fr) Abandoning, retiring 
from, deserting (a friend). Giving away the pro- 
duce of a grazing-field or of a palm-tree. Making a 
handle (ijjS- ^rwat) to a jug or gugglet. (v. n. 
4 of ^^jS-) Stripping, denuding, divesting. Walking 
or stopping in a clear open place. Giving away 
one year's produce of a palm-tree. 

A I— >^^ a^-ab, (pi. <-^J^\ a^a?-i&)Wild, wan- 
dering Arabs (the more civilized Arabians who live 
in cities bemg called t_.^ ^rab). lirdb, (v. n. 
4 of i—JjS-) Reading or pronouncing accurately the 
Arabic language. Conforming a foreign word to 
the Arabic idiom. Speaking, reasoning in Arabic, 
plainly, without reserve. Speaking plainly, dis- 
tinctly, clearly, accurately. Using shameful, inde- 
cent, and obscene language. Inflecting, declining 
an Arabic noun or verb. Marrying a woman called 
^Jj^ ^ai-ub. Restraining one from speaking in- 
decently. Begetting a son of a dusky or Arabian 
complexion. Distinguishing, knowing accurately 
(a fine Arabian horse from any other by his neio-h- 
ing). Putting (a horse) to the gallop, putting him 
on his mettle. Giving earnest-money. Marrying, 
or hinting at it. Fetching water, sometimes every 
day, at other times every other day, and afterwards 
regularly at stated times. Explanation, exposition. 
-^ ij]/^^ a^'ably, Relating to the wild Arabs. 
An Arab, an Arabian. 

A ^jS'S a^aj, (pi. of ^ ^rj or ^rj) Troops 
of camels. J^rdj, (v. n. 4 of -jS-) Making lame, 
crippling. Becoming possessed of lame camels. 
Giving a troop of camels called -jS' iarj. Reach- 
ing the hour of sunset. 

Aji/^ i^dr, (v. n. 4 of^) Being dirtied with 
excrement (a house). Diminishing the size of a 
camel's bunch. Making (a camel) scabby. 

Aj];C-\ i^-dz, (v. n. 4 of Jj^) Corrupting, vi- 
tiating, spoiling. 

A (^jtt\f-\ a^ds, (pi. of ^ju^ ^rs or sMr«) Young 
camels weanedfrom the mother, (pi. of i^fi- firs) 
Spouses (husband and wife). Lionesses, (pi. of 
iju^ ^rs) Nuptials, (pi. of ^j^jf^ ^rs and ^- 
7-us) Marriage-feasts. I^-ds, (v. n. 4 of {^jtjf-) 
Preparing for a marriage ceremony. Bringing a 
wife home to one's house and retiring with her. 
Conjugal intercoui-se. Alighting (as travellers at 
the end of the night) in order to take refreshment 
or rest, and then to piu^ue their journey. Stick- 
ing close to, persevering. Being necessary, 

A oi];S-l a^-dsh, (pi. of (^^ ^rsh) Thrones, 
chairs of state. Roofs, domes, arched ceilings. Up- 
per or convex parts of the feet. Tents. Awnings, 
coverings from ram or sun. Props or buttresses. 
Glories. I^dsh, (v. n. 4 of {J:>^) Erecting build- 

ings of wood, as covers to wells, or props to vines. 
A ijo\^\ a^ds, (pi. of 'Lof- ^rsat) Courts, 
squares, areas, open places free from buildings. 
I^ds,{Y. n. 4 of ;_>0;S.)Going totteringly (a camel). 
A {^\jP'\ a^-dz, (pi. of ^jOjS' ^rz) The vil- 
lages of Hijaz. Large armies. The extremities of 
branches of trees, (pi. of ^Jo^ ^rz) Honours, re- 
putations. Valleys planted with trees. Souls. Bo- 
dies. Pores of the skin. Edges, borders. Upper 
parts, (pi. of ^Ja^ ^raz) Accidents. u^\jS'\ 
JuJW-o- a^-dzi jimndnlya, Corporeal faculties. 
«^'li i^]f'\ a^-dzi zdfiya, Essential properties. 
**^^JJ (^];C-1 a^'dzi ruhdniya, Spiritual endow- 
ments. Xb.i^il U^y^-^ a^dzu'l madinat, Villages 
lying between HijSz and Yaman. Tamarisk and 
uL)]j\ ardh trees. I^dz, (v. n. 4 of (_>«;*•) Tura- 
ing away the face, declining, shunning, avoiding, 
flying from, opposing. Appearing, being manifest. 
Making broad. Turning the broad side of any 
thing towards you. Happening, being possible, 
being in one's power. Standing erect and present- 
ing a good mark (a deer). Travelling far and wide. 
Bearing a child of a broad squat form. Bringing 
forth a son illegitimately (a woman). Castrating. 
A I— i];C-l a^-df, The boundaiy which the Mu- 
hammadans have placed between their Paradise 
and Hell : by some it is supposed to resemble a 
veil ; by others a thick and strong wall, guarded 
by angels and holy men. It is in general consi- 
dered as their Purgatory, which, according to Sa- 
adi, appears a hell to the blessed, and a heaven to 
the damned. The uppermost currents of wind. A 
sort of palm-tree. (pi. of L_i;fr^!<y/) Crests, manes, 
combs of birds, (pi. of 'iijf. ^rfat) Sand-banks. 
I^-df, (v. n. 4 of '-if-) Having a long mane. 

A ^\f\ a^-dk, (pi. of JjS- ^rk) Roots. Veins, 
arteries. I^dk, (v. n. 4 of JjS.) Diluting wine 
with a little water. Putting water into a bucket, 
but not to the full. Shooting its roots in all direc- 
tions (a tree). Going into Irak. Being of a noble 
race. Being rooted in noble or in vicious qualities. 
A '-iJ\jS'] i^-dk, A being menstruous. 
A y\^\ i^dn, (v. n. 4 of ^^^) Eating meat 
continually. Having the legs of young camels 
cracked from a disease having crept into the herd. 
Having the itch amongst one's camels. 
A i-:-^! a^pib, Fine Arabian horses. 
A ^1 a^-aj, (pl-^^ ^rj and ^J^^ ^rjdn) 
Lame by nature, cripple from the birth. A crow. 
rJ^^J^ ^M«M'' a^-aj Lame TImur (Tamerlane). 
A uJ;*! a^af, (pi. (_J;fr ^rf) Crested (ser- 
pent), thick-maned (horse). More or most know- 
ing or intelligent. More or most known, better or 
best known. 

A BJj^\ a^-ikat (pi. of j\^ ^rdk, q.v.) 
A ^j^\a^-am, (pi. ^J^^^t-mdn) Spotted black 
and white, piebald, dappled. Mixed (flock of 

slieep and goats). Wbite-lippwl (ram). Uncir- 
cumciscil. A well, a ditch. AneggoftlieKatabird. 

A p^/'^ i^inj'ii, A striving, a taking pains. 

A (^^^ i^lnjam, A becoming corropt. 

A f>)}>^^ i^rinzam, (v. n. 3 of ^j^ Q) Being 
collected, drawn together, contracted or wrinkled. 

Aj\io^\ i^infaz, (v. n. 8 ofjJjC Q not used) 
Being almost dead with cold. 

A Is'ijjfr^ i^infat, (v. n. 3 of iai^P Q) Draw- 
ing one's st'lf, being contracted. 

A (^jJQijt\ ifritthas, (v. n. 3 of ij^^ Q) Be- 
ing collected and sitting of a heap, closely packed. 
Being rerj- black (the hair). 

A o^^j ifrl itrifcwash, (v. n. 13 of (j^^ Q) 
Hiding on horseback. 

A I— »|5jel i^ntVTeaf, (v. n. 13 of (.J^P) Prepa- 
ring for mischief. Rolling high (billows). Being 
thick and branchy like a hyena's mane (a palm- 
tree). Being frothy (blood). Having a high mane 
(a horse). Being mounted on (_->];P^a«o/'(aman). 

A ijfi-^ tifra', More or most naked. ^^ ij^ 
Jjii^opra' wijni7m//7/ii'a/,Morebarethan adistaiF. 

A "^„f-\ avriyat, (pi. of •'^^ wraJ) Open spaces, 
•■xtensive areas clear of every thing. 

A '^ji.f^ ifnraj, (v. n. 12 of i^^) Travelling 
alone. Perpetrating a vile and shamefiil thing. 
Riding (a horse) without a saddle. 

A L-i\j>^\ i^raf, (v. n. 11 of i— JjP) Having 
a mane (a horse). Being bushy like a mane (a 
])alm). Being frothy (blood). Climbing a palm. 
Beingready formischief. Being tempestuous (sea). 

A JS'\ atazZjMore or most glorious, more or most 
esteemed. More or most precious. Dearer, dearest. 
More or most inaccessible. Glorious, excellent. 
Rare. Long, tall. Firm. 

A Ajs\ a^zios, (pi. of J^JP ^ozw) Excellent, 
rare, incomparable, glorious. Powerful, magnifi- 
cent. Dear, precious. 

A t— »]}p\ a^ab, (pi. of t-r'JP ^zab) Bachelors. 
Maids. I^ab, (v. n. 4 of t— ^) Being afar off. 
Arriving at a distant place. Finding distant pas- 
ture. Placing or driving to a distance. 

A jJ}C-^ i^&s, (v. n. 4 of Jp) Strengthening, in- 
vigorating. Holding dear, loving. Honourinfr. 
Having the orifice of the teat \ery small (a cow 
or a sheep). Having a painful conception and ges- 
tation (a cow). Lighting upon hard ground. Ap- 
pearing pregnant (a ewe). Being grieved and un- 
easy. Brooking ill. Magnificence, honour, respect. 
(•y^^ jjJi^V *« i^^z It ihtiram, With honour 
and reverence, respectfully, p ^^i,J ^•f,\ i^az 
kardan, To honour, respect, revere. 

A ^\f-\ i^af, (v. n. 4 of <_J;p) Hearing the 
sound of the sands moving in the desert. Hearing 
the noise of palm-leaves when a rope is being twisted. 

A J]^\ a^al, (pi, of J^ a^zal and JjP ^zul) 
I'^narraed (men). 

( 116 ) 

A J\jS.\ i^zSn, (v. n. 4 of ^^JP) Dividing with 
another, and taking one's share. 

A t—JjP^ a^ab, An unmarried man, a bachelor. 

A JjP^ a^zzaf, (pi. of J^JP ^2tz) Excellent, rare, 
incomparable, dear, precious, glorwus, powerful. 

A jjpl a^al, (pi. JjP ^tzl, JjP ^zzal, J\^\ 
a^al, ^^ii^ ^izlan, and Jj^ ma^zil) A man 
unarmed. A cloud without rain. Detached, sepa- 
rate (sand-hill). Deficient in the projecting hip- 
bone. (A horse) whose tail habitually inclines to 
one side. The portion of meat of an absent person. 
A separate portion or share of meat. tiJv-Ji 
J^^l as sbnaku 'I aMal, Spica virginis, a star so 
called in the constellation Virgo. 

A l-jL-P^ i^ah, (v. n. 4 of t-^—P) Running, 
fleeing away (a wolf). 

A jL«P^ i^r, (v. n. 4 of_^-*) Exacting a debt, 
pressing a debtor. Suffering pain in child-bearing. 
Not conceiving the first year. Being poor. 

A (_jU«P^ »5f«/j (v. n. 4 of u-ft—P) Seizing a 
camel (the agonies of death). Being the owner of 
such a camel. Employing (a servant) in laborious 
work. Travelling in the night, being unable to see 
one's way. Drinking always from a large goblet. 

A JL«p\ a^al, Dispositions, manners, tempers, 
(pi. of J-~P M.saT) Honiel. Bubbles. 

A |«L-p1 a^am, Shape, or points (of a horse). 
Ifsam, (v. n. 4 of *-«P) Rendering the limbs stiff" 
and motionless. Giving that which was desired. 
Shedding tears. Winking (the eyes). 

A ^jjL-P^ a^san, Vestiges, impressions. Shoul- 
der-blades of camels, (pi. of ^^yS- ^sn, fisn, or 
^sn) Fats, lards. Likes, equals. i^J^^ ij^^^ 
a^anu'l arz, Old chumps, roots, or stocks of trees. 
Old pollards. I^an, (v. n. 4 of ^^y^) Producing 
some little vegetation (ground). 

A _\^~*'' iMijaj,(y. n. 9 of >»^) Bending with 
age (a man). 

Aj,tS-\ afsar, Left-handed. More or most dif- 
ficult. White on the left wing (a pigeon). Diffi- 
cult. Disastrous, unfortunate, evil. j<«0 j«»pl os- 
saru yasarun, Ambidexter. 

A |»«-P1 a^am, One whose hand or foot is wi- 
thered or distorted, 

A ^_g^\a^a', More or most fit, worthy, proper. 
«J (j»p1 a^i bilii, How suitable and worthy he is ! 

A Ais\ i^has, (v. n. 4 of U-P for j-i.P) Mak- 
ing purblind. Giving a supper. Giving. 

A t_jli.p\ i^hab, (v. n. 4 of c—'^P) Producing 
green herbage, being grassy. Discovering (when 
travelling through deserts)ground producing grass, 
and gathering much Feeding on fresh gi-ass. 

Ajllp\ a^har, (pi. of ^.Ip ^ishr) Tenths. 
Decades of verses into which the Kur'an is divided. 
Portions of slaughtered camels. The outside fea- 
thers in a bird's wing. (pi. jw.lff.\ a^shir, (A pot) 
broken in ten pieces. A cauldron which requires 

ten men to carry it. A broken (heart). eSs-j^J^S-S 
aMhari shar^ya, The ten commandments. I^hSr, 
(v. n. 4 of j-t*) Being in the tenth month of her 
pregnancy (a camel). Being ten in number (men). 
Driving camels, or being owner of camels which 
are driven, to water once only in ten days. 

A (j^llP^ a^hash, (pl.of,^^ ^hsh) Birds' 
nests built in trees. ui)-i»llP^ (j-^ talammas aj- 
sashaka, Look at home for faults. I^kash, (v. n. 
4of Jl*') Disturbing, moving (deer) from its place. 
Prohibiting, checking, turning any one aside. Ex- 
tenuating, making lean. Molesting any one so as 
to oblige him to quit his habitation. Lighting upon 
dry ground (called LlP ^hshat). 

A (_JliP\ i^haf, (v. n. 4 of (_AiP) Suffering, 
being ill from indigestion. Abominating, loathing. 

A (^jllpl«>s/taryi?/. Relating to apurblindman. 

Aji;.p\ Ufshar, A fool. 

A AjtS^apshii^as, (pi. ofjclp ^shlr) Tenths, 
Companions, friends, husband and wife. Tribes. 

A ^.Iplaw^am, Bicoloured. Purblind with age. 
Dust-dried (tree). 

A ^y^^ a^haiviy, Belonging to one purblind. 

A lJ^\ afsha', Purblind. Blind at night. 

A *juip\ a^hiyat, (pi. of ALp- ^shai or ^|j2.P 
fisha') Suppers. 

A(_jli~»^\ i^Jiishab, (v. n. 12 of c-aIp) Pro- 
ducing green herbage luxuriantly. Finding a place 
producing such herbage. 

A^UaPl a«aj, (pi. ofUoP ^a') Canes, batons, 
rods, walking-sticks. Jpsaj:, (v. n. 4 of Lap for j-iaP) 
Putting forth branches, but havingno fruit (a vine). 

A i_jLaP\ afsab, (pi. of t_.<*iP ^sab) Nerves, 
tendons, sinews. Ifsab, (v. n. 4 of i_.iA<nP) Travel- 
ling fast (camels). 

A liLaP^ »Marf, (v. n. 4 of J-oP-) Bending, twist- 
ing (the neck). Lending or hiring out a stallion. 

A jLaP^ a^ar, (pi. of ^aP fosr) Ages, times. 
J Lap) ^jd?^L« saldtini atsar, The monarchs of the 
times. Itsar, (v.n.4 ofwAP) Becoming marriage- 
able, being fit for pressure (a girl). Entering upon 
the afternoon. Staying at home on account of the 
menses. Bringing forth, (pi. joolp\ a^dnr) Hur- 
ricanes, gusts of wind which whirl up the dust in 
the form of columns, and drive to and fro, clouds 
fraught with thunder and lightning. 

A (__JLaP\ i^af, (v. n. 4 of <_0<fflP) Blowing 
violently (wind). Being in blade (com). Passing 
swiftly by (a horse). Carryingoff", destroying (war). 
Perishing. Running round the wells, when thirsty, 
and driving the dust about (camels). 

A JLaP^ a^al, (pi. of J-oP ^gal) The small 
guts, intestines. I^dl, (v. n. 4 of J-aP) Taking 
up one's walking-staff". 

A ^\wiP\ a^am, (pi. of ^.^aP ^sm) Whitenesses 
on the ai-ms of deer. (pi. of «,»-aP ^usmat) Dogs' col- 
lars, (pi. ofL»<aP^asa7«a<) Defences, guards: col- 

lars. I^dm, (v. n. 4of j,<aP) Being attached, stick- 
ing close (to a friend). Holdingfast. Taking hold 
of the skirt. Keeping one's self steady (on horse- 
back) by laying hold of the mane. Sitting badly 
on horseback. Fastening a belt called ^\.,aS- t^isam 
round the mouth of a leather bottle, by which it is 
closed, and carried, or hung up. Fixing a loop or 
thing similar to a saddle for the rider to lay hold of, 
and thus save himself when in danger of falling. 

A j^LaP^ ifsan, (v. n. 4 of (j'oS' not used) Be- 
ing intricate and crooked (business). 

A sx>aS'\ ttisibat, (pl.of u.ajuo^' iasil)) Hearts, 
lights, and livers, dressed with other intestines. 

A ^aS-\ afsaj, Bald on the forehead. Polished 

Kjtas\ atsur, (pi. ofjjaS- sasr) Ages. 

A ^J-aS-\ aisal, Much distorted (tooth). Bow 
or bandy-legged. One who sticks close to a thing. 
Inclined, bent. (pi. JLaP^wa/) Crooked and hard. 

A j,toS'\ afsam, (A crow) with white feathers in 
the wings ; also (a crow) having a red beak and 
feet. (A stag) having white on either or both the 
fore-feet, the rest of the body black or red. Afsum, 
(pi. of jnoS- iuani) Defences, guards. Collars. 

A iL»-iaS-\ aprna^, pi. of j,Laff- fisam The smaller 
extremities of the tails of animals. Chains or belts 
with which leathern bottles are fastened and carried. 

A ^^^aS'\ a^t, (pi. of LaS- Mga') Staffi. 

A OLoJLiaS-^ Ifsisdb, (y.n. 12 of (^juafr) Being 
assembled in companies (men). Being heavy (mis- 
fortune), oj)pressively hot or disastrous (day). Tra- 
velling briskly (camels). 

A j!i)ju.afr\ i^'tlal, (v. n. 11 of J-aP) Taking 
a staff in hand. 

A ^\.,aP\a^df, (pl.of^^iaP t^zw or ^uzm) Mem- 
bers, limbs. (3jh»Uj31 ^\jaS-\ a^dtu't tanasul, Or- 
gans of generation. s.~JOj ij\.aS-\ a^zdti ranaa, 
The principal members, as heart, lungs, &c. 

A Uij'>«aP\ i^dh, (v. n. 4 of i^uoP) Breaking a 
horn (a sheep). Slitting (a camel's) ear. 

A i:k,aS\a^dd, (pi. of Ji-flLS-sazd) Companions, 
assistants. The pent-houses over, or parapets round, 
or the side-posts, of wells, or by the road-side. J»- 
:dd,(y. n.4 of Jw.aS-)Flying right and left (an arrow). 

A {_fo\.^\ a^zdz, (pi. of ijoS') Prickly shrubs. 
Imuz, (v.n.4of (,,>aP) Causing one to take (a mor- 
sel) in his teeth, or to bite. Giving one a blow (with 
a sword). Being narrow and deep (a well). Hav- 
ing camels feeding upon the prickly sh rub (JlaS' mzz 
or the food mzz. Abounding with these shrubs. 

A JLaP^ ?^a;(v. n.4of J-aP) Being trouble- 
some and difficult (business). Being dissatisfied and 
discontented. Wearying, harrassing. Puzzling, 
perplexing, baffling. Having a painful birth (a 
woman). Laying with difficulty (a hen). 

A l\tas\ iizdh, (v. n. 4of ««aP)Accusingfalsely, 
inventinglies against. Having camels feeding upon 

( in ) 

the thorns isLaPs/zaA. Abounding in such trees. 
A i_A<aS-l a^db, (A ram) which has one horn 
broken. (A horse) which has more than a fourth 
part of his ear cut off. Bereaved of a brother. De- 
fenceless, friendless. Short-handed. (In the metre 
^\j rcafir), (_Jiis-lft* mufd^alatun shortened into 
y^lxla* muftafilun. 

A ii-«aP'WM'ac?,Slender-armed: shortinonearm. 

A 'itJoS'S a^itnat, (pi. of ,*iaff' M,zm) Wooden 
harrows with which corn is winnowed. 

A JyubaP^ i^ildl, {y.n. 11 of (J-^) Having 
many branches intertwined (a tree). 

A laS-1 atatt, Long, tall (man). 

A ^llap\ i^ds, (v.n.4 of UaS' for ^aP-) Giving, 
offering, bestowing, presenting. Receiving of one 
another. Being tractable and obedient (a camel). 
JwJ sllaS-1 U ma a^dhu li'l mdl, How liberal he 
is of his money ! how disposed to give ! 

A u-.>UaS-\ i^dh, (v. n. 4 nf ^_ .Uc.) Ruining, de^ 
stroying. Being excessively enraged. 

A (_)i>UaS'\ ittdsh, (v. n. 4 of jjiJap) Keeping 
camels long from drinking. Having cattle dying of 
thirst. Finding (beasts) thirsty. Making thirsty. 

A ( '>\jaS-\ aftdf, (pi. of i»_fliaP mtf) Favours. 

A Jlkfr^ a^dl, (pi. of Jkp ^tal) Statues, fi- 
gures, bodies, (pi. of ^Ji&fMtiiZ) (Camels or horses) 
destitute of all distinguishing mark,halter, neck-har- 
ness. Unarmed (men). Unomamented, without 
necklaces orbracelets(women). Stringless(bows). 
/ffa^,(v. n. 4 of ^JjaS-) Makingempty and void, bare 
of ornament. Leaving, neglecting. 

A (j^^aS'^ a^dn, (pi. of jj;iaS' ^tan) Places near 
wells where (camels) recline after drinking. Ittdn, 
( V. n. 4 of i^M^) Having camels so reclining. Mak- 
ing (camels) lie down after drinking. Driving them 
from the well to such places before they have drank, 
in order to render them tractable, in expectation of 
being allowed to drink. Detaining (camels) at a 

Aj^\ aftar, More or most scented, fragrant. 

A (iapl afta', More or most disposed to give. 

A i'i^oS^ a^iyat, (pl.of UaP tata) Gifls. 

AjUa^\ ifzdr, (v. n. 4 of JaP) Oppressing, in- 
disposing the stomach. Being oppressed (stomach). 

A IbUa*'^ ifzdz, (v. n. 4 of tiP) Making a man 
warlike (God). 

A (♦UaC'l ifzdm, (v. n. 4 of jJaS') Magnifying, 
honouring, praising. Conceiving highly of. Giving 
(a dog) a bone (J^ Mzm). Respect, reverence. 

A «(*Uaff-\ i^zdmat, Cushions, or any kind of 
stuffing which women use, to give them an appa- 
rent protuberance round the hips. 

A i^aS'\ afzam, Greater,larger,bigger,greatest. 
Superior, supreme. Great. JaS\j>\^ roaziri ap- 
zam, The grand vazir. fS^j ^ua*- (jjla^Li* jJaS-\ 
(•Lr liC* b*" '^f^'*'™* saldtlni fizdm u akrami kha- 
ndkini kirdm, The greatest of sovereign princes, 
2h I 

and the most glorious of the mighty kings. A^- 
zum, (pi. of ^JaS- iazm) Bones. 

A P j5 JopI apzamtar, Greater, bigger. 

A -*Up) i^ds, (v. n. 4 of \i* for ^S-) Permit- 
ting to grow long. Granting freedom, liberty, im- 
munity. Preserving or restoringhealth. Preserv- 
ing from trouble and affliction. Expending the best 
part of one's substance. 

A >US'l a^ffdj:, (pi. of i- J Aic. ^fif") Chaste, 
temperate, abstaining from what is forbidden. 

A ^lis.\ a^fdj, (pi. of AS- ^fj, ^faj, or ^fij) 
The intestines into which the food descends from the 
stomach after digestion (in man and solid-hoofed 
animals; in the soft-footed beasts, and those which 
divide the hoof, they are called ^j^XjAio masdrin. 

Aj\sS-\ a^fdr, (pi. of'^aP ?«/"/■) Strong, robust, 
and valiant, (pi. of\flS- ^far or fo/r) Earth, dusts. 

A (_>olaP-\ iffds, (v. n. 4 of i^^^aSS-) Stopping 
the mouth of a bottle. 

A (_jliS'\ iffdf, (v. n. 4 of iJ!!flC-) Making one 
to abstain (from things forbidden). Having milk 
remaining in the udder (a sheep). 

A jlft&\ i?fdk, (v. n. 4 of Jj^S-) Going to and 
fro unnecessarily. Returning frequently. 

A yUs-^ itf^n, (v. n. 4 of ^j^) Having (lea- 
ther) worm-eaten. 

A (Jl*as-1 a^fat, Foolish, stupid, dull. Left- 
handed. One who cannot speak but with difficulty. 

A t.^*gC-\ apfas, One whose privities are ex- 
posed when he sits down. A silly talker. 

A J>S-\ a^faj, One who has large intestines. 

A j-As-l a^far, (A deer) whose white is slightly 
tinged with red; or red-backed, and sides whitish. 

A ^jiiS'^ a^fash, Weak or dim-sighted. One 
whose eyes continually water. 

A (.iiis-l Of fall, Foolish, stupid. Left-handed. 
Unskilful at work. Incoherent, rambling from his 
subject. One who, leaving a work unfinished, sets 
about something else. 

A_l^*^ i^finjdj, A making haste. 

A -s=Uip\ afhdf, (pi. of ,_^ ^*%) The first ex- 
crements of an infant. I^tds, (v. n. 4 of ^_^) Be- 
ing very bitter. Spitting out any thing on account 
of its bitterness. 

A u«>lftS-^ a^hdb, (pi. of (_*flS- Mhib) Heels. 
Offsprings, children, grand-children, descendants. 
The last days of a month. ^^\ ^Js- ^la' a^td- 
bihim, On their heels, back to their former statt . 
Ifhdb, (v. n. 4 of c-*Sff-) Causing an immediate 
indisposition (any kind of meat of a pernicious 
quality). Succeeding (as a son to his father). Dy- 
ing and leaving a son to succeed. Rising (as one 
star immediately after another). Substituting one 
for another. Riding alternately with another; ride 
and tie. Returning (as insanity, after intervals). 
Receiving one's due, or something in lieu of ano- 
ther. Returning a kettle which had been lent, with 

jMirts of the broth, by way of interest. Requiting. 
Uecoin]>cnsing services and obedience. Sending 
bad news. Making a channel whereby water may 
llow into a cisteni. 

A lilSt^ ii^ad, (pi. of iJAft Mkd) Arches. I^ad, 
(v. n. 4 of jiP) Making thick, making any thing 
to coagulate or cong^eal by boiling. 

Aj\Sp^ rtf*ar, (pi. otytS- Mikr or ^ikitr) Places 
behind lakes, wells, or watering ponds, where ca- 
nielsstand when they drink. Areas, plats of ground. 
Middles of houses. A kind of tree. Ifkar, (\. 
n. 4 of j5p) Astonishing, confounding, striking 
with amazement. Possessing many fields or estates. 
Making (the womb) diseased or barren (God). 
Causing (any one) to eat J^flS' ^ikrat. 

A jj^^^ ifhak, (v. n. 4 of ^Jfr) Making (water) 
bitter. Rotting (as a palm for want of pruning). 
Producing the shoots jjlic- ^ikkan (a palm-tree). 
Practisingdisobedience. Being pregnant (a mare). 

A ^yJ^S^ is/ja/, (v. n. 4 of ^^sS-) Discovering 
one to be wise. Having the shadow shortened or 
jjerpendicular at mid-day. Being obligatory (the 
tithe Jla& ^lial). Going in the shade at mid-day. 

A^ /^Aam,(v.n.4of|»Hp) Rendering barren. 

A < j »« 5c \ a^b, (pi. of (-^IHc- Mikab) Eagles. 

AssiS-\a^kkat,(p\. of Jj-HP) Channels of rivers. 

A Jifi\ afkad, One who has an impediment in 
the speech, tongue-tied. A dog of a particular 
species, with a knotty tail. Knotty-homed (ram). 
A wolf with a twisted tail. JA&I ^jk2 lasim a^tad, 
A confirmed miser. 

AjS-\(i^ar, More or mostskilful at hamstring- 
ing. (A camel) whose teeth have dropped out. 

A (jafifr^ afdtas, (A goat) whose horns bend 
back towards the ear. (A man) whose fingers or 
front-teeth are distorted, and which cross each other. 
(In the measure y^j nafir, or Exuberant) The 

A (_iflS-) afltaf, Poor, needy. Rude, cruel, sa- 
vage (wild Arab). Crooked, curved. 

A Jap) a^al, More or most wise, pmdent, or 
intelligent. Bow-legged, distorted-legged. 

Ajliift) ifJiinfar, (v. n. 3 of^,ftSp Q) Over- 
whelming and destroying (misfortunes). 

A i_jJA£s-\ i^infis, The being bad-tempered. 

A >\ipW-^/(5^,(v.n.4 of ^<C-) Dying. Tying fast. 

A (— >\ilJ) »f/'aJ,(v-n- 4ot'LJ^fr)Smokingmuch. 

A J^\ i^md, (v. n. 4 of ^) Taking refuge. 

Ajic-\ i^kar, ( V. n. 4 ofji*) Making any thing 
dirty, muddy, turbid. Having a large troop of 
camels. Being thick, dark, cloudy (night). Be- 
ing fat (camel's bunch). 

A i^^\i^hak, (v. n. 4 of tlb) Changing the 
colour of the hair (as a camel does after conception). 

A JKe) a^ial, (pi. of Jifr ^Id or ^M) Inglo- 
rious, mean, vile, abject, cowardly, avaricious, sor- 
did. J^hal,{y.n.4ofJLs-) Being confused, doubt- 

( 118 ) 

ful, perplexed. Tying up (the leg of a camel). 

A A^\ a^tam, (pi. of J* ^hm) The halves 
of loads, single trusses or packages, su?h as beasts 
of burthen carry upon each side. Ropes, or things 
similar, for tying up bales. J^am, (v. n. 4 of 
^i[p) Assisting in tying up bales. 

A ^J^\ a^an, (pi. of sJs- ^knat) Wrinkles 
on the belly (from fatness). 

A^mh, (pi. of Oyio*- ^nhabut) Spiders. 

A ^Js\ a^ta', Thick on both sides. Bunchy 
(part of a garment which in Arabia is wrapped 
round the middle). (A horse) that has the root of 
his tail strong and thick. 

A ^\ rtf/a, (for /j^l afla') Higher, most high, 
sublime, excellent, superior, supreme. Excellently. 

A ^!il*\ i^as, (v. n. 4of 5)* for jl&) Exalting, 
elevating. Ascending. Being in the upper part 
or above (any thing). Arriving in that part of 
Arabia which is called ajJls- falii/at. Retiring, re- 
ceding. Dismounting, coming down from ofi'(horse- 
back). p ijiy ^^ »f^« liardan, To elevate. 

A *'^\ apillar, (pi. of (J^ ^lil) Invalids. 

A Ll^^k&l flf/as. Mixed, uiisorted, jumbled to- 
gether (applied in general to a kind of tree called 
^j* markk in Arabia, some parts of which, when 
rubbed together, emit sparks of flame, and are 
made use of to kindle fires : these are carefully 
sorted from the others which have not that quality, 
and laid up for future service ; when piled there- 
fore in indiscriminate heaps, they are called l^^J*\ 
a^las). iiU)\ L^i^\ a^ldsu'e zad, Whatever is eaten 
without previous trial or habit. Jsf**^ Lt^il^S-) a?- 
Idsu'sh shajar, Mixed bits of dry wood and grass. 

A -.^^ a^aj, (pi. of Js- ^Ij) Foreigners who 
become proselytes to the Arabians, especially in 
religious matters. Asses, wild or tame (especially 
when inclining to corpulency). Cakes of a parti- 
cular kind, thick towards the edges. Stewards. 

A J5l*\ i^az, (v. n. 4 ofjlS') Weakening. 

A iaiUl a^at, (pi. of lak> ^dut) (Camels) 
without bridles or marks burnt on the neck. Bright, 
sparkling stars not distinguished by any name. 

A i_i^l a^af, (pi. of i.^J^ ^laf) Grasses, 
and every species of fodder with which cattle are 
fed. Ifldf, (v. n. 4 of i_iip) Beginning to appear 
(the fruit ofa thorn when theflowers drop off). Giv- 
ing (cattle) provender, fattening (them). 

A ^y^\ a^ak, (pi. of JjiP ^Ik) More or most 
excellent (wines or clothes). IMk, (v. n. 4 of l*)*) 
Setting (a leech) to suck blood from any part. 
Fastening (one rope to another). Fixing the claws, 
nails, talons, into any thing. Catching and sus- 
pending (game or prey) in a noose. Fastening any 
thing to the horns of a bow by which it may be 
hung upor slung. Lifting a child upfrom the privy. 
Finding or lighting upon very valuable property. 


Brmging misfortune. Joining two camels to the 
rope of a large bucket. ^ 

A J^&\ i^iai, (v. n. 4 of JP) Making (camels) 
drink a second time, after the first draught. Driv- 
ing (them) from the water before (they) have 
quenched their thirst. DebiHtating, afflicting vdth 
any ailment or distemper («lP ^llat). 

A *^1 a^am, (pi. of Js- ^lam) Flags, stand- 
ards, ensigns, colours, banderols, streamers, pen- 
nants. Land-marks. Mile-stones or direction-posts 
upon a road. Mountains. Borders of cloth of dif- 
ferent colours from the rest. Lords, princes. Pro- 
per names, (w,) J^i^ »^\ a^amu'l madaris, Pro- 
fessors of colleges, learned men. P LLJj>ai ^ >sl 
^l>- i jSlb aflami nusrati zafar-farjam, Victorious 
standards, a I^dm, (v. n. 4 of Jp) Announcing, . 
proclaiming, indicating, informing, teaching. Cer- 
tifying. Marking cloth (as weavers, fullers, or 
bleachers). Distinguishing or making remarkable 
in battle (as a horseman does his charger, by orna- 
menting him with trappings of different colours). 
Distinguishing one's self (by bravery). Informa- 
tion, signification, advice. p jj'-^^ii a^^i islam 
dddan, To give information. 

p **U m'^\ iddm-ndma, A proclamation. 
A jj^)*) iM.n, (v. n. 4 of ij^) Publishing, di- 
vulging, manifesting. Acting openly. 

A S^pI a>/a/t«, Thetoporupperpartof him orit. 

Alais-1 «fZa<, More ormostoffensive, displeasing. 

A &lais^) a^itat, (pi. of 1»^ ^Idt) Ropes about 

the necks (of camels). Traverse marks, made by 

burning, on the sides of (camels') necks. 

A Js-) a^am, More or most learned. One who 
has a fissure in the upper lip. J^\ JIll alldh «f- 
lam, God knows, or God knows best. 

A >Liip\ i^bnhdt, (v. n. 3 of ^_^^S- Q) Rising 

up, or putting one's self in a threatening attitude. 

Bristling up the hair or feathers (as dogs or cocks). 

A A,}>^\ i^inddj, (v. n. 3 of (^jdp Q) Being 

bulky, corpulent, and strong (a camel). 

A(_j>>oJp\ i pinkos, A being black (said of hair). 
A tdJKJ^Pl i^inkdh, (v.n. 3 of tiKlff- Q) Being 
thick and plentiful (hair). 

A o\^l i^iwwdd, (v.n. 13of JiS') Being bulky 
and strong. Being grave and sedate. 

A )o\^\ i^in-Tvdt, (v. n. 13 of lalff^) Hanging 
by (a camel's) neck and sitting on (his) back. Rid- 
ing (a camel) without a bridle. Mounting the fe- 
male (a camel). Entering upon any business rashly, 
without due thought or consideration. Laying hold 
of, detaining forcibly. Sticking close to. 
A «<jlfi-l u^umat, An impression, a mark. 
A (Jff^la^Zft', Higher, highest, upper. Of higher 
authority. Higher or highest part, topmost point. 

A iaAs>\ i^t, Leaves of the tree called ^jc markh, ■ 
or the pod, husk, and rind of its fruit. TThe fallen 
leaves of trees, (pi. ]a^^dut) A mark impressed 

crosswise on a camel's neck. 

A -^iUs^l i^ila^, (v. n. 12ofjl«^) Exalting, ele- 
vating. Being high. Ascending, being above. 

A 1^1 atamin, More or most common, general, 
universal, concerning all. Coarse, thick. A great 
crowd. A&umm, (pi. ofj^Pwiiw?/!) Paternal uncles. 

A f\i\ a^nds, (pi. of j^ iamrv) Errors. Mean- 
nesses, submissions. (pl.of^^\af*/ia')Blind. Ig- 
norant. Uncultivated (deserts). Tall. i-mXP' *lf 1 
a^ian famiya, Blind deserts. i\^\ It ma afmahu, 
How blind he is ! I^nds, (v. n. 4 of ^_^) Making 
blind. Discovering one to be blind. Arriving at 
the hottest part of the day. 

A J\i\ i^nad, (v. n. 4of ij^) Supporting, sus- 
taining,propping,strengthening(by pillars). Weak- 
ening, enfeebling, oppressing. 

aJ^\ a^ndr, (pi. of^^M7»r) Lives, life-times. 
I^idr, (v. n. 4 of^^) Cultivating, rendering ha- 
bitable. Causing to cultivate and render habitable. 
Visiting, frequenting the household of one's wife. 
Finding (a country) cultivated. Helping one to 
pay the sacred visit K»S- iumrat. Giving to one 
during life (ahorse, or an estate). Rendering rich. 

A o^W^ i^nds, (v. n. 4 oC ^JM^) Hiding, con- 
laling. Winking (the eye), being shut (eye-lids). 

A j\fia?wa^,(pl.of Jj«Pfa?«/iorM<77i/j)Widely 
tended (deserts). I^ndh, (v. n. 4 oi /i^) Mak- 
g deep ( Jj*^ famlk). Penetrating much. 

A (jWi a^mdl, (pi. o{^y^ pamal) Dependencies, 
orks, acts, labours, v J^iJ.ji-^ J\g'l a^indli pa- 
ndida, Approved works, a Itvidl, (v. n. 4 of 
^3*^) Causing or bidding (one) to work. Making 
use (of advice or implements). Using one's own 
wits. Givingadvicerespectinga work( J«»S- famal). 

A f,\fr\ a^dm, (pi. of "Iff- tamm.) Paternal un- 
cles. I^ndm, (v. n. 4 of ^) Being paternal uncle. 

A fj\fr^ i^ndn, (v. n. 4 of i^^-*^) Travelling to- 
wards j^l»P MLmmdn. Entering into or living con- 
stantly (in a place). 

A e^\ atimmat, (pi. of Ic-) Paternal uncles. 

A eoLtPl aMnJf«<, (pi. of »Ia«S') Clews of wool. 

A 'i>X^\ apnidat, (^pl. of Jj^ tamud) Pillars. 

Aj^\ avnar, More or most cultivated or inha- 
bited. Avnur, (pi. of J -»& famr) Amrs (names). 

A {^j^\ apinash, Weak, or dim-sighted. 

A ^yS**-^ J>*?1 ^ ind abnida a^akahd, How 
deep (the well) is ! 

A (J-**-^ atmal, More or most efficacious. 

A (o>»«*^ a^matnun, Paternal uncles. 

A (j?j^lafwa»et^,Belongingtotheblind. Oph- 

A i**^') a^na', (pi. (_^ ^"ny, fi\£\ UMndt or 
j\jL»c. iiunydn) Blind. A desert. Tall. Ignorant. 
^»C-) sj^ lahituhu a^na', I met him at the hottest 
part of the day. 

A -^U^^ ipniydi, (v. n.9 of ^-^S-) Being blind. 

A -^^^i^^ iymtydt, (v. n. 11 of ^afi') Being blind. 

( 119 ) 

A jjU^^l al a^iaydni, (Two blinds) A torrent 
and conflagration ; or night and a furious camel. 

A >Us-\ U^di, (pi. oiyiS- ^nm) Tracks (in the 
heavens). Crowds or bodies of men of different 
ranks, families, or tribes. I^dt, (v. n. 4 of Up for 
y*) Making or keeping prisoner. Depressing, 
humbling. Bringing forth, exhibiting, producing, 
(v. n. 4 of j^S-) Fatiguing, afflicting. Detaining in 
captivity. Prefixing a title or frontispiece. 

A (_jUS'1 Uindh, (pi. of u.^Vfr ^nab) Grapes. 

A OU>S-\ i^idt, (v. n. 4 of CL/JS-) Breaking 
again (a bone) which had formerly been broken 
and cured. Leading into difficulties. 

A »^^^ *?«^yj (v. n. 4 of A*-) Leading a ca- 
mel by the halter, exercising a camel. Pulling the 
check-rain. Settling, arranging firmly (business). 
Complaining of a pain in the loins (--^ f*'*"^)' 

A jliff-\ ifndd, (v. n. 4 of JOkfr) Flowing but not 
drying (sweat). Bringing up one thing after ano- 
ther (in vomiting). Doing equal with another 
(either in harmony or in discord). Requiting kind- 
ness. Obstinacy, opposition. 

A jUs-\ ifndz, (v. n. 4 ofJj^S-) Making one to re- 
fuse, decline, or turn away from, any thing. 

A (^^yjUp^ ifnds, (v. n. 4 of (j-J*) Remaining 
long in her parents' house unmarried (a marriage- 
able virgin). Altering the features (age). 

A [^\JS-\ ifnds, (v. n. 4 of (_>aip) Having few 
and scattered hairs. 

A iaUff-^ hndt, The begetting of a tall child. 

A (_i\j>C-\ i?ndf, (v. n. 4 of i_ai>S-) Incommod- 
ing, molesting. 

A jUp) a^ndft, (pi. of /^iS' Mink or vunult) 
Necks. The lower orifices of stomachs ; maws, 
guts. Princes, chiefs. Pieces of bread. ^ J\ J)^^ 
a^dhu'r rih, Particles of dust raised by the wind. 
Ifiidk, (v.n. 4 of jjiP) Ornamenting with a collar 
(a dog's neck). Making a collar. Being long and 
bearded (ears of com). Setting (the stars called 
Pleiades), Looking with out-stretched neck. Tra- 
velling with an extended neck and a peculiar pace 
(camels). Driving (them) at that pace. Scatter- 
ing dust (wind). 

A cilU&l i^dh, (v. n. 4 of (.iiiP) Shutting, 
bolting (a door). Dealing in clothes. Meeting 
with impassable sands. 

A ^Up^ ifndm, (v. n. 4 of *is-) Eating of the 
I»Up fandm tree (camels). 

A ^^US'\a>??an, Those partsof the heavens which 
are apparent to the sight. Extremities of trees. 
(^j^\.J^\ u\JJf'\ amdnu'sh shaydtin, The nature 
and manners of demons. /f«a«,(v. n. 4 of (^) Put- 
ting on a rein to a bridle. Bridling, checking with 
the reins. Meeting, being exposed. Being impo- 
tent, fascinated, bewitched, or declared to be so ju- 
dicially. Distinguishing a book by a title or in- 
scription. Putting a direction on a letter. Mak- 

ing large or broad, laying open, rendering conspi- 
cuous. Exposing. 

A L.Jss\ afnab, Large-nosed. 

A »is-\ cifinnat, (pi. of jjUp) Reins of bridles. 

A 'i^ uMtijat, (pi. of j^Up nndj) Ropes or 
leathern straps which serve as handles to buckets. 
Pains in the loins, lumbagos. 

A jCs-\ awiuz, (pi. ofys- fanz) She-goats. 

A ijtiP-1 afnash, Six-fingered (man). 

A i^is-^ aftiak, Long-necked (dog). Marked 
with some white on the neck. Name of a famous 
stallion. Jjip\ OUj bandt amah, The daughters 
of a wealthy fanner. Amuh, (pi. of Jjis- ^mih) 
Necks, (pi. of jUs- MLndk) Female kids. 

A (_jS-\ afjM, I mean, that is to say, viz. 

A (_>^liJkS-\ iminds, (v. n. 12 of (j«»iP) Being 
long and hairy (a camel's tail). 

A S\^\ a^mdd, (pi. of JjC- fS(Z) Lutes. Tim- 
bers, branches, trunks of trees, staves. 

A j1jP\ i^vdz, (v. n. 4 of lij^ Having lately 
brought forth (camels, mares, or does). 

A j\^l i^wdr, (v. n. 4 of j^) Exposing one's 
self to the attack of a foe. Being possible. Appear- 
ing, being conspicuous. Coming within one's reach 
(game). Blinding, depriving of an eye. 

A j\jp\ iiwdz, (v. n. 4 ofj^) Being indigent. 
Standing in need of something without being able 
to procure it. Being near, at the point of. Impo- 
verishing, reducing to poverty. 

A (^ljff-1 ifivds, (v. n. 4 of (^Ip- for ^_>«*S■) 
Rendering difficult. Adducing difficult arguments. 
Emban-assing, reducing (an opponent)to a nonplus. 

A i^\^\ af^vdz,(p]. of (^jP ^7vaz) Compen- 
sations, substitutes. Ipwdz, (v. n. 4 of (^\p for 
(^^) Compensating, countervailing. 

A ji^^^ ayrcdk, (pi. of ^^ ^wk or ^k) 
Worthless, good for nothing. Ifiedk, (v. n. 4 of 
jIp for ^^) Failing, being spent (u beast of bur- 
den, or travelling provisions). 

A JlyS'l i^vdl, (v. n. 4 of J\* for JjP) Weep- 
ing aloud, wailing. Having a numerous family to 
IJrovide for. Using blandishments. Imposing a 
burden. Pouncing upon, attacking. Desiring ear- 
nestly, being greedy. Twanging (a bow-string). 

A JjplaswaH!, (pi. of j«ls-^am) Years. Times. 

A y;^jP^ afwdn, (pi. of ^^^) Helpers, allies. 

A i\^\ ifivdh, (v. n. 4 of SjS-) Suffering loss 
(in cattle or corn). 

A ^jff-Wfway, Crooked, curved. Of bad morals 
or manners. A horse in whose forelegs there is a 
curvature. Name of a celebrated horse and sire. 

A jrVj*'^ i^i^'fij' (^" "• ^ ^^ r^) Being 
crooked. Crookedness, curvature, obliquity. 

A ^sJ-j*'^ ayi^oj'i-y 1 (A horse) bred from the 
celebrated sire •-J*'^ a^vaj. 

A lijS-^ a^vad, More or most profitable. More 
or most useful, more or most conducive. 

kj^\ aftrar, (pl-j^S- f"'". {jlif- t"""' ^""^ 
^.VjP. ^iiran) One-eyed. A blind guide. A road 
with no direction-post. A crow. Weak, timorous, 
pusillanimous. Corrupt, bad (word or action). Il- 
literate, stupid. Obliterated, illegible (book). (A 
horseman) destitute of whip or switch. One who 
has no brother germain. Worthless, good for no- 
thing. Disappointed and frustrated in the attain- 
ment of one's object, (pi- jj^^ a^aivir) A nit in 
the head. j^\ JiJJ badala^ear,A bad substitute. 

Ajtj^^ i^tvirar, The being blind of an eye. 

A (_>-^^ a^as, Polish, lustre. A polisher, fur- 
hisher. A furbishing instrument. One who de- 
scribes or praises ably. One who draws in the 
comers of his mouth when laughing. 

A ^^^\ a^vas,(p\.^Je^ fvs) Difficult (verse). 

A SJjP^ a^wilat, (pi. of JUp ^yal) Families. 

Aj\jl^\ i^Dtrar, The being blind of an eye. 

A >\^\ i^ioj, (v. n. 4 of ^_^ not in use) Hav- 
ing a distemper (amongst one's cattle). 

A i\^\ i^ad, (v. n. 4 of J>^) Securing, gua- 
ranteeing, becoming surety for. 

A f^.J^\ a^at, (pi. of '^ ^yy) Stammerers, 
stutterers. Awkward or embarrassed (in doing 
anything). Name of an Arabian tribe, (pi. of 
^Up tayai) Impotent, unable to generate. I^as, 
(v. n. 4 of ^) Being wearied with travelling. 
Fatiguing, tiring. Disabling, wearing out (disease). 
Becoming difficult, impeded, obstructed (business). 

A ^\ip\ "fy^d, (pi. of liJ* M) Festivals. 

A jU&\ afi/ar, (pi. of__jjff' payr) Asses (wild or 
tame). Certain bright stars lying in the path of 
the feet of v^^tf*^ suhayl. I?yar, (v. n. 4 of .l* 
for jjfr) Chasing (a horse) about. Putting the part 
called^ Htyr to a spear-head. 

A j_jjUp^ ifyo^) (v. n. 4 of (j»A& not used) 
Being without moisture (sown grain). 

A {jo\iS-\ a^as, (pi. of (jiflJ* f w) Thick, shady, 
tall, trees. The Kuraysh Umayyades ; namely, 
^jo'jO^ al ^.1, f^\ti\ ^\ abu'l ^, (_>ii«3^ al ms, 
and C>*i*^^ y^ abu'l fw. 

A jUfr^ i^al, (v. n. 4 of Jlp for Jj*) Hav- 
ing a numerous family. Supporting a family. De- 
siring eagerly. 

A fj^) a^jan, (pi. of ^J^ ^yn) Eyes. Fa- 
thers' or mothers' brothers. Great men, grandees. 
(•^^ U>^^ a^anu'l kawm, The senators, the 
chiefs or elders of the people. tlJjJ (o^^ «f- 
yani dawlat, (Eyes of the state) ministers. ^^\Jfi■\ 
OUC* a^ani mumkindt, The most excellent of 
creatures. «Job ^^\jlP.\ a^dni gdbita, Figures em- 
blematic of the names of God. I^dn, (v. n. 4 of 
^Js- for ^J^p.) Boring to a spring of water. 

A jrJtP''^ ^i^y^j, (pi- OUjvfr^) An asp. 

A (j-A^' a^at, Whitish-yellow (camel). 

*■ iaJ*^ o^/at, Long-necked (camel or man). 
Backward, averse. Proud, stubborn. High, lofty, 

( 120 ) 

eminent (citadel or glory). 

A ftL&\ a^)dat, (pl- of JW^' 5?y°0 Families. 

A U:^^ "&/«"' (P^- tJS* 5?") ^"^ who has large 
or black eyes. A wild bull. (A man) possessed 
of many domestics. w-P^ \^ rtid a^anahu, How 
malignant is his look ! A^un, (pi. under ten of 
^J^ ^yn) Eyes. Fountains. (jjia^J^ [j^^ 
a^unu's sardttn, Seeds of Agnus castus. 

A OUa&I a^undt, (pi. of {^\ a^un, pi. of 
^J^ Myn) Many eyes. 

A JuA&l a^inat, (pi. of ^J^) Plough-shares. 

A ^_^\ a^a', More or most stammering (in 
speech). More or most dangerous and desperate 
(disease). Name of the father of a tribe. 

A -^UaP^ a^iydt, (pi. of ^[^y-C- ^yly) Stammer- 
ing. Embarrassed, unequal to. 

A «-A»-\ a^iyat, (pi. of ,][y-P ^yiy) Stammerers. 

A 'ii-^1 v^^yat or i^iyat, Any subject about 
which one stammers and speaks unintelligibly. 

p \sA dffhd, A great lord, nobleman, head, chief 
master, commander. An eunuch (as having the 
principal charge of the seraglio). 

A Jolp\ ighdbat, (v. n. 4 of l-jI*- for (— -oP) 
Having her husband absent (a woman). 

A 5o\p\ ighdsat, (v.n. 4of (^\p for l1»jP) Bring- 
ing help, succouring. 

PjIp 1 dghdr, (oijlpl aghdr) A sinking of mois- 
ture into the ground. Mixed, kneaded. Moistened. 
Excited, instigated. 

p (^iJjo^li-l ar^/famwirfaw. To throw down. To 

A 'ij\fi\ iyhdrat, (v. n. 4 ofjls- for . jP) Coming 
into a low-lying hollow country (called. •& ghawr) 
in Arabia. Travelling in a country. Having the 
eyes deep sunk in their sockets. Attacking, plun- 
dering, making a hostile excursion into an enemy's 
country. Coming or sending to any one for assist- 
ance. Mending the pace, making haste. Spurring 
(a horse). Twisting (a rope) firmly. Going full 
speed in making a predatory attack. Provoking 
to jealousy, makingjealous. (v. n. 4 of .Ip for jjP) 
Taking a second wife (so making the first jealous). 

p liSs- 1 dghdrad, Bruising, crushing. Exciting. 

P iji^j^ ' dghdrdan, (or (j*^^^ aghardan) To 
moisten, macerate. To mix. To knead. To cause 
to move, to rouse, to excite. To sink, or to, cause 
(water) to sink into the ground. 

Pj}J^ ' dghdroz, Beginning, commencement. 

P (^Ip I dghdri, A vessel. 

P (jiJ^IpI dghdrldan, To moisten, wet, mace- 
rate, bring almost to a solution . To excite, instigate. 

G (jjAJj^l aghdrlkun, Common agarick. 

pj\p I dghdz, Beginning, commencement. De- 
sign, wish. Echo, call, (^-ijj^^ dghdz kardan, 
To commence, make a beginning. To design, will. 

pjIp) aghdz, Will, intention, design. A voice, 
noise, echo. A beginning, commencement. 


p sj\pT dghdza, A cobbler's tool. Sole of a shoe. 

P sjlpl aghdza, A cobbler's tool. 

P ^^j^j\sA dghdzldan,T!o begin : to design, will. 

P (_^ls-T dghdsh, Recorded. Accumulated. 

P Jw\pT dghdshtan, To accumulate, throw one 
above another, place one thing before another. 

A l^^\ ighdzat, (v. n. 4 of ^jcM- for u^) 
Making (water) decrease, causing (it) to subside 
into the ground. Lowering, beating down (price). 

A »^Ip\ ighdzat, (v. n. 4 of klp for Ltf-) En- 
raging, raising indignation. 

A'iJ\s>\ ighdfat, ( v. n . 4 of uJ\* for v_iAP)Cau8- 
ing to incline. 

p J\pT dghdl, Instigation, excitement. A set- 
tino- in motion. The swallowing of food not mas- 
ticated. A sheep-cote. A hive. A beginning, com- 
mencement. A moistening, macerating. 

p «ul). JIpT dghdl pasha, The lote-tree. The 
gnat-tree, with large smooth stem and thick foliage. 

A »J\p\ ighdlat, (v. n. 4 of Jii- for Jj*) (A wo- 
man) giving suck to a child while pregnant, or co- 
habiting with a man. Exposing a child to danger 
by cohabiting with the mother whilst suckling. 

p ,j£3\pT dghdlah, (or ^\s\ aghdlith) Insti- 
gation, incitement to crime. 

p ^J^\s^ dghdlishtan. To accumulate, heap. 

O L^ji^^ aghdlukhi. Aloes. 

p ^i^jJlpl dghdlidan, (or ^jjJlpl aghdlidan) 
To excite, rouse, animate (to battle). To be hot, 
fiei-y, and contentious. To confine, reduce to straits. 

A lajj\p\ aghdUt, (pi. of Siajip^ ughlutat) Ques- 
tions, doubts, or whatever matters are liable to error 
or reprehension ; things which mislead. 

A /i4^^ aghdtik,(Tp\.oriJ^\Hghluhat)Loc]if. 

A iL«lp\ ighdmat, (v. n. 4 of ^l*- for ^aP) Being 
cloudy, misty, foggy (the sky). 

A SJlpl ighdnat, (v. n. 4 of^^\S' for i^xP") Over- 
spreadmg (as clouds the sky). Overwhelming (as 
grief the mind). 

A xIpI aghdnim, (pi. of J>P) Sheep. Flocks. 

A j31p\ aghdrii, (pi. of il^^ ughniyai) Songs. 

p (oV.^f a^/io^aw, (pl.oflpl 5*7/(5) Great lords. 

A Axs\ighbdi, (v. n. 4 of ^-jP) Raining slightly 
(with a small sprinkling rain called a^OkP ghabyat). 

A (_>»Up\ aghbdb, (pi. of uL/P ghubb) Low 
grounds. Distant (waters). Ighbdb, (v. n. 4 of 
v_>P) Visiting every other day. Attacking every 
other day (a tertian fever). Watering (camels) 
every other day. Not failing or ceasing for a single 
day. Stinking (as meat). Passing the night with. 

A jUpI aghbdr, (pi. of j<P ghubr) The remains 
of any thing, the remains of milk in the breast, or 
of blood in menstruation. Ighbdr, (v. n. 4 ofj^) 
Raising dust. Being of a dusty colour. Striving 
to the utmost. Raining fast. 

A ;_>«\^\ ighbds, (v. n. 4 of ij-fP) Growing 
dark. Being of a dusky colour. 

A (jilj*\ aghhash, (pi. of jjij* gliabash) The 
latter parts of nights, especially when very dark. 
Ighhash, (v. n. 4 of (jSj*) Being dark (the latter 
part of the night). 

A JaUpl ighbdt, (v. n. 4 of !»;*•) Leaving un- 
moved (a pack-saddle on the back of a beast). Con- 
tinuing without intermitting (a fever). Raining in- 
cessantly. Covering the ground (herbage). 

A i^«>C-\ aghhas, Inclining to a dusty colour. 
Ash-coloured (lion). 

A vijlifS'l ighbisas, (v. n. 9 of d'Afr) Being of 
a dusty or ash-colour. 

AjS'\ aghhar, Soiled with dust. Scarce, bar- 
ren (year). Departed (glory). A wolf. 

Aj)y^\ighbirdr,(y. n.9of;<S-) Being very dusty 
(the day). Being of a dusty colour. 

A (j»*P-^ aghhas, Dun (wolf). Bay (horse). 
Dusky (rose). 

A ^_)<jL-j*^ ighbisas, (v. n. 9 of ;j>**S-) Grow- 
ing dark. Being of a dusky colour. 

A (jiJkS-\ aghbash. Dark (night). 

A (tJ"*^ aghha'. Thick, entangled (branch). 

A (^juL-^f&l ighbisas, (v. n. 11 of (j-j*) Grow- 
ing dark. Being of a dusty colour. 

A («U&\ ightdm, (v. n. 4 of j^ not in use) Re- 
peating visits or importunities till they become 
disgusting. Being oppressed with indigestion. 

A isLlfr^ ightibat, (v. n. 8 of JaJ*) Being in 
happy circumstances. Attaining the object of one's 
desire, being rendered happy thereby. Mirth. 

A j^-iP^ ightibak, (v. n. 8 of JjfC-) Drinking 
wine at even-tide. 

A ^J^i>^^\ ightihan, (v.n.Sof ijrf') Concealing 

ly thing) under the armpit. 

A JjuP) ightitdm, (v. n. 8 of jJkS-) Visiting fre- 
quently, so as to become wearisome. Being trou- 
bled with indigestion. 

A Ll>lij*-\ ightisds, (v. n. 8 of «_-»P) Feeding 
on spring-grass (horses). 

A f\s:s-\ ightidds, (v.n.8 of \oS' for j JiP) Com- 
ing, going, or working in the morning. 

A ^SS-\ ightiddr, (v. n. 8 of ..\P) Making the 
hasty pudding called i;^.»iP ghadirat. 

A >^\SS\ ightiddf, (v. n. 8 of uJiXP) Taking 
iiiuch. Cutting a robe or garment. 

A A'SX\ ightizds, (v. n. 8 of \j* for jj*) Be- 
ing fed, nourished. Eating. 

aXs^^ ightizdr, (v. n. 8 of .ip) Preparing 
the food JJ.Sp^Aazirat, J. c. flour milked upon, 
:ind then heated with a hot stone. 

A ^^>^^^ ightizdm, (v. n. 8 of ^J*) Eating vo- 
I'aciously. Eating with difficulty. Draining the 
udder (a camel's colt). Drinking up the whole. 

A i^\f£'\ ightirdb, (v.n.8 of <—-';*') Travelling 
from one's own country into foreign parts. Mar- 
rying a foreigner. Distance from home. 

Aj\jis\ ightirdr, (v. n. 8 of ^) Being de- 

• win 

( 121 ) 

ceived. Being foolish, xmcircumspect, inattentive, 
or thoughtless. Coming upon one suddenly. 

Aj]fS-\ ightirdz, (v. n. 8 of Jjfr) Putting the 
foot in the stirrup when going to moimt. Draw- 
ing near (the time of departure). 

A I >\jx\ ightirdf, (v. n. 8 of *—*;*■) Drinking 

water (out of the hand). Exhausting (water) by 
lading (it) out with any thing. 

A Jj]y^^ ightirdk, (v. n. 8 of JjiS-) Intermin- 
gling with others (a horse), and then passing on 
and leaving them behind. Absorbing the gaze of 
the company (a beautiful woman). Filling the 
throat (a breath or braying). Filling a girth so 
that the ends cannot meet (a camel's belly). 

A A^\ ightizdt, (v. n. 8 of Uc- for jJS') Being 
singled out from amongst one s companions. In- 
tending, purposing, willing, wishing. 

Aj\Zs\ ightizdz, (v. n. 8 ofJS') Being sole pro- 
prietor. Particularizing, selecting from amongst. 

A J])JkS-^ ighlizdl, (v. n. 8 of JjS') Spinning. 

A JLJ*^ ightisdl, (v. n. 8 of J— S-) Washing 
one's self. Ablution. Sprinkling one's self with 
perfume. Sweating all over. Copulating much. 

A i^\L^\ ightishash, (v. n. 8 of (_^) Con- 
senting to perfidy. Entertaining a suspicion of 
fraud, suspecting perfidy. 

A i__.>Uaj£-\ i5r/i<Ma6,Theactof seizing violently. 

A {^\j^S-\ ightisds, (v. n. 8 of {jloff-) Being 
choked, suffocated. 

A t_.>L.i:p\ ightizdb, A flying in a passion. 

A jLaJk&\ ightizdr, (v. n. 8 of t-^) Dying in 
the flower of youth. 

A ^Ua:»\ ightitdm, (v. n. 8 of Uafr for jlaP) 
Being covered and hidden. Covering. 

A i»\ial&\ ightitdt, (v. n. 8 of iaff') Making the 
female lie down (a male camel). Contending with 
and overcoming in a race. 

A i^\sCfi\ ightifdf, (v. n. 8 of u-flP) Having* 
a sufficiency of spring-grass (cattle). Giving a 
little. Becoming fatter (camels). 

A jjVfl^^ ightifdh,{y. n. 8of Jjfl*') Surrounding. 

A ^i)c»\ ightildt, (v. n. 8 of ^ for j)*) Travel- 
ling fast, making haste. Celerity. 

A O^ICS^I ightildt, (v. n. 8 of CJs-) Taking 
unawares. Receiving with indifference. 

A ^':^\ ightilds, (v. n. 8 of lLJiC-) Taking 
woodYrom the j.jc marhh tree without knowing 
whether it will emit fire or not. Not striking fire. 

A (_-J^)c»\ ightildf, (v. n. 8 of i_fllP) Having 
a foreskin. Making a sheath or cover (w-JiJ* ghi- 
Idf). Perfuming (hair or beard) with musk. 

A Jibs■\^£7/^^^Zai,(v.n.8of^_)i■) Perfuming the 
beard or mustachios with »jJ\* ghdliyat, or civet. 
Suffering from thirst. Drinking. Putting on an 
inner garment. Bein g i nfccted by a certain disease. 

A *^)c») ightildm, (v. n. 8 of J*) Being very 
lustful (from -^ ghuldm, A boy). Buggering. 

A j^l aghtam. One who speaks indistinctly. 

A iiU^S-1 ightimdd, (v. n. 8 of J^) Entering (into 
the night), being enveloped (in darkness). 

A j^\ ightimdr, (v. n. 8 ofj^) Tinging with 
saffron or any other liniment. Covering, overflow- 
ing (water). Plunging, descending into water. 

Ajl**^ ightimdz, (v. n. 8 of J^) Censuring, 
condemning, reviling, reproaching, disgracing. 

A (_jrtl<\p\ ightimds, (v. n. 8 of (j*»S-) Tinging 
(her) hands all over without figures (a woman). 

A ^je)\ii\ ightimds, (v. n. 8 of cjo^) Despis- 
ing, slighting, holding cheap. 

A ;_^\«i-l ightimdz, (v. n. 8 of (_jo^) Winking. 
Dozing. (_j«slc\S-l ^Ji- Mia' ightimdzin. Without 
trouble or difficulty. 

A Llci'l ightimdt, (v. n. 8 of la^) Contending 
with and beating in a race, after having been first 
beaten. Talkingloud and overpowering with words. 
Disappearing and leaving no sign or vestige. 

A *\*&\ ightimdm, (v. n. 8 of j^) Being sad 
and gloomy. Sadness, gloom. Being long and 
luxuriant (a plant). 

A |«UjIS'\ ightindm,(x. n. 8 of ^is-) Getting spoil 
or plunder. Regarding as plunder. Seizing an 

A l_jLIS'\ ightihdb, A travelling in the dark. 

A (_jLJk&\ ightiydh, (v. n. 8 of i^\s- for <—**&) 
Traducing, inveighing against (the absent). 

A jLJff-^ ightiydr, (v. n. 8 ofjlp for j^) Being 
profited, deriving benefit, (v. n. 8 ofj\p for jlS-) 
Victualling one's household, purveying. Carrying 
com from country to country. 

A )o\^\ ightiydz, (v. n. 8 of l&lp for laAfr) Be- 
ing angry, enraged. 

A JLip\ ightiydl, (v. n. 8 of Jlfr for Jj*') As- 
saulting, rushing upon, or attackingsuddenly, over- 
coming and destroying. Concealing, hiding (as a 
vast waste does footsteps), suppressing, (v. n. 8 of 
Jl* for ,Jjk& Growing fat and plump (a boy). 

A A^\ aghsdt, (pi. of .*Up ghusds oralis- ghus- 
sd-f) Leaves of trees, pieces of wood, and other rub- 
bish floating upon water. Ighsds, (v. n. 4 of Up 
for j^) (A torrent) drawing fodder in a heap, and 
washing and extracting all the goodness out of it. 
Being covered with verdure (ground). 

A J^\j^\ ighsds, (v. n. 4 of tL»S-) Becoming lean. 
Being wicked, obscene, impure (speech) : talking 
smut. Throwing out purulent matter (a wound). 

A jliS'^ ighsdr, (v. n. 4 ofjlc-) Emitting a sub- 
stance called j^JK mughsur, resembling honey, 
which exudes from a certain plant like tears. 

AjS'\ aghsar, Dust-coloured, mixed with green. 
A kind of marshy pulse. Water-moss. Low, ple- 
beian. Ignorant. A certain bird with a long neck. 
A lion. Coarse woollen nappy cloth. Much. 

A j^\ aghsam, (A head of hair) consisting 
more of white than black ones. 

A fi^^ aghsa, A lion. 

aXjuP^ iffhsirar, (v. n. 11 ofjlfr) Being long 
and thick (nap, pile, or shag on cloth). 

A tiU^l iijhdad, (v. n. 4 of Sp) Being seized 
with tlje plague (a camel). Having (camels) la- 
bouring under an infection. Being angry, exaspe- 
rated, stimulated to rage. 

Aj\-ii'\ ighdar, (v. n. 4 of j>iP) Abandoning, 
quitting, leaving, forsaking. Leaving a remainder. 
Leaving behind (a sheep or camel). 

A i__J^.>P^ i'jkdaf, (v. n. 4 of (_JJ*) Loosing or 
dropping (a veil) over the face. Letting fall a net 
(upon birds). Diffusing darkness (the night). Cut- 
ting off (the foreskin). Lying with. 

A j^J*^ itjhdah, (v. n. 4of j^) Being copious. 

A fti*yp\ agbdii/at,(p\. o{ f\^ (/hadat) Break- 
fiists, victuals. A'Jf'l Cif^iS kammtyati aghdiya, 
The quality of meats. 

A j\jJi.j*^ ighdidah, (v. n. 12 of J J*) Being 
very copious (rain). 

A jy\ JJ JiP^ ighdidan, (v. n. 12 of j^ii*-) Being 
long and bushy (hair). Being of a dark green 
through rankness (a plant). 

A i\^\ ighsaz, (v. n. 4 of j*-) Suppurating (a 
wound). Flowing from a sore (matter). Making 
haste, going fast. Accelerating. 

A f)^\ ighzam,(v. n. 4 of JtJS-) Exhausting the 
dam's udder (a young camel). 

A w j*^ aghxiyat, (pi. of A'iS-) Aliments. 

r jfr I aghar, The bed of a river with a little 
water here and there. 

A Jp\ agharr, (pl-jj*^ ghurar and ^J>^ ghur- 
ran) White, bright. Illustrious, noble. (A horse) 
with a white spot on his forehead. Conspicuous 
for generous (acts). One whose beard covers al- 
most the whole of his face. Most sultry (day). 

A *\^\ aghra^, (pi. of \^ ghara') Lean. Igh- 
ras, (v. n. 4 of^ hr j^) Being wholly addicted 
to. Causing one to be intently eager. Instigating, 
stimulating. Setting (a dog) after game. Sowing 
enmity, setting one against another. 

A >\Jp\ aghirras, (pi. ofjJijC' ghanr) Such as 
are deceived with vain hopes. Young people in- 
experienced in bfe, and liable to deception. 

A t—*!;*^^ ighrab, (v. n. 4 of <~J>J^) Becoming 
strangeor foreign. Travelling to foreign parts, tra- 
velling far and wide. Bringing, performing or re- 
lating any thing new, foreign, strange, or wonder- 
ful. Drawing near sunset. Going westwards. Fill- 
ing (a bottle). Being good and prosperous (a con- 
dition). Having white eye-brows or eye-lashes 
(man or beast). Having a white lip and white eye- 
lashes (a horse). Running much (a horse). Rid- 
ing (a horse) to death. Uughing immoderately. 
Being seized with violent pains. Having a shame- 
ful trick played upon one. Having the blaze upon 
the foreheadextendingtotheeyes(a horse). White- 

( 122 ) ' 

ness of the groin. An excellent condition. 

A >i\f'\ ighrad, (v. n. 4 of J^P) Singing (espe- 
cially with a raised voice and motion of the body. 
Warbling in the throat, trilling, shaking. 

Aj]^! a^/jrar,Unskilled,inexperienced persons. 

Jij]f'\ ighraz, (v. n. 4 of J^S') Abounding in 
the plant JjC' gharaz (land). 

A t^^^ aghrwt, (pi. of o-;*- ghars) Plants, 
saplings, (pi. of i_)u^ ghirs) The membranes co- 
vering the heads (of young camels), and other sub- 
stances which are brought forth along with the 
foetus. Ighras, (v. n. 4 of j^jJ^P) Planting, setting. 

A {^\f'^ aghraz, (pi. of i^^ gharz) Girths 
of camels' saddles : (those belonging to pack-sad- 
dles are called ^J^, bitan, and those of a horse- 
saddle »\^ hizam). (pi. of [^^ gharaz) Designs, 
intentions, ends, views, objects, purposes, wishes. 
Butts, marks, targets. Ighraz (v. n. 4 of \jiop') 
Filling (a bottle). Filling (it) not quite full. Tir- 
ing, fatiguing, vexing. Girthing (a camel). Pro- 
curing fresh food for one's household, and not giv- 
ing it to them stale. 

A jl;^^ ighrah, (v. n. 4 of JiiP") Drowning, 
plunging, immerging, throwing into (water). Fill- 
ing (a cup). Bending or drawing (a bow) to the 
utmost of one's strength. Praising immoderately. 
Blaming immoderately (drawing the long bow). 

A M\Ji'\ ighram, (v. n. 4 of *^) Mulcting,fining. 
Bringing into debt. Being addicted to, or fond of. 

A {^_^^ aghran, (pi. of j^jP gharan) Eagles. 

A I— ^1 aghrab, More or most strange, wonder- 
ful. Aghruh, (pi. of ^\^ ghurab) Crows, ravens. 

A iO;S-\ aghribat, (pi. of i--»l^ ghtirab) Crows, 
ravens. The prominent parts of the hips of horses 
or camels. u-^l 'i>JA aghribatu'l ^rab, The 
swarthy of the Arabs. 

A 'ijS'\ aghirrat, (pi. of J>_^ ghar'ir) Young 
and inexperienced persons. 

p J J^ I dgharda, (A garment) thin and flimsy. 

o (jJa«»^\ aghirustis, Couch-grass, agrostis. 

A J;S-1 agltral, Easy, agreeable (life). Plen- 
tiful (year). Uncircumcised (lad). 

A *l,ii^\ ighrindas, The being superior, over- 
bearing by violence or opprobrious language. 

A j»liO;S'\ ighrimham, (v. n. 3 of Jm^ Q) Be- 
coming flaccid (the body). 

p ij^\ aghra, A mote ofkings, nobles, or judges. 
An airy, windy place. Ughra, A wen, a kernel. 

G bjS-1 aghriya, A mountain. 

■* JVj*'^ iffhrirak, (v. n. 12 of J^) Over- 
flowing with tears, beingdrowned in tears(the eye). 

P "-^jS-^ ighrlras, The brother of Afiasyab. 

A l^.j^^ ighriz, The flowers of the palm-tree. 
Any thing fresh and shining. 

A A^\ ighzas, (v. n. 4 of \}& for jjs-) Sending 
upon a military expedition, compelling, inducing, 
or instigating (a man) to go to war. Preparing 

the materiel of war. Granting a delay in the pay- 
ment of debt. Having (a husband) absent in the 
wars. Conceiving with difficulty (a camel). 

Aj\^\ ighzar, (v. n. 4 ofjjP) Conferring many 
benefits. Having (camels) abounding with milk. 

ajV)p1 ighzaz, (v. n. 4 of JS-) Having many 
hard thorns (a tree). Having a hard pregnancy 
or gestation (a cow). 

A JUS'l ighzal, (v. n. 4 of JjS-) Twirling the 
spindle when spinning. Having ayoungone(adoe). 

A J|frl aghzal, More or most of an erotic poet. 
A fever which returns at regular intervals. 

A A^\ ighsas, (v. n. 4 of L-S- for ^~<P-) Be- 
ing dark. (v. n. 4 of (_^-^) Involving in darkness. 

A ( JL-ff-1 iffhsaf, The act of walking in darkness. 

A j^— •^'^ ighsak, (v. n. 4 of Jj—*') Growing 
very dark. Walking in, being in the dark. Call- 
ing the people, or announcing the hour of prayer 
at a late hour in the evening. 

A JL»C-1 ighsal, (v. n. 4 of (_)—<*•) Covering 
much (a stallion). 

A aU-S'I aghsam, Portions, bits of a cloud. Igh- 
sdm, (v. n. 4 of ^»*-ff') Being dark (the night). 

A (o^— »^^ aghsdn, Natures, tempers, dispositions 
of people. Tattered garments. 

p (J«-».P t dghastan, To fill, to cram. 

p (jlC-l dghush, An embrace. 

A ^\^\ ighshds, (v. n. 4 of ,J^) Covering, 
enveloping (with darkness). Spreading a veil. 
Blinding. Causing any thing to come, or bring- 
ing a thing upon one unexpectedly. Exciting, 
stirring up, leading into (rebellion). 

A (_jills-l ighshdsh, (v. n. 4 of ^J^) Deceiv- 
ing, dissembling. Keeping back, withholding. 
Causing to make haste. 

P y^"-~^l dgha^htdnidan. To cause to mix 
or macerate. 

p j^^ils- 1 dghashtagi, Alloy, mixture. 

p jJi-lP I dghashtan, To moisten. To be moist. 
To cut, hash, or mince. To defile, or be defiled. 

p iCLS'S dghashta,{oT s3JiS-\ aghashta) Mixed. 
Moistened, smeared. Watered (ground). 

p 1— Al fr l dglimhak, Turpentine. 

A ^_J^\ a5'/i«/ta',White-headedorfaced (horse). 

A (2>oUaP\ ighsds, (v. n. 4 of ij^) Choking, 
causing suflibcation. Making one choke with grief. 
Rendering inconveniently narrow, straitening. 

A j^UaS'l aghsdn, (pi. of ,^j^ ^tww) Branches. 
Ighsdn, (v. n. 4 of ^j^) Having many berries (a 
bunch of grapes). 

A (ij-as.1 agfisan, White on the tail (an ox). 


A ^Lifr\ ighzdj:, (v. n. 4 of Liff' for^.iiis-) Being 
silent (about any thing). Being dark, and by the 
darkness concealing every thing (the night). Half 
closing the eyelids. Closing or averting the eye. 

A (-jLis-1 ighzdb, (v. n. 4 of (_jwis-) Provok- 

ing, enraging, angering, putting in a passion. 

A (^LaP\ ii/hzaz,(v.nAof f^f-) Freshening. 

A (__Jl«aP'l ighzaf, (v. n. 4 of i_A«aP) Being 
obscure, cloudy, dark (night). Being luxuriant 
in the branches (the palm), and therefore bearing 
worse fruit. Being weighed down with fruit (a 
palm-tree). Threatening rain. Being numerously 
stocked with beasts (a fold near water). 

A (ji-aP-l ighzan,Th.eA<it of raining continually. 

A (— ^Qg-' aghzdb, The groin. Very angry. 

A «s.aPl aghizzat, (pi. of (.^aJUiff' ghaziz) Lan- 
guid (eyes). Deficient. Abject, submissive. 

A u_fi-aff'l aghzaf, (pi. <.Ji^ ghuzf) Bangle- 
eared (dog), whose ears fall backwards. Thickly 
feathered (arrow). Dark (night). Easy, comfort- 
able, delicate (life). Flap-eared (lion). One whose 
upper eyelashes overhang the lower from rage or 
pride; supercilious. 

A /j^-a*-^ aglizan, One who wrinkles his eyes 
naturally (from anger, hatred, or pride). 

A J^LuiiP^ ighzilal, (v. n. 12 of jj-a*-) Being 
very moist. Being very branchy and leafy (a tree). 

A laS'l aghatt, Rich, wealthy, opulent. 

A >'iaS-l igh tas, (v. n. 4 of liaS- for jla*-) Rising 
^bove and hiding. Diffusing branches, and ex- 
tending them along the ground (a tree). Being 
full of sap, having its sap running (a vine). 

A (_,iUaPl ightash, (v. n. 4 of ;jSi»S') Being 
dark. Making dark. 

A (JUaff'\ ightal, (v. n. 4 of ^JiaS-) Being overcast 
(the sky). Being black by reason of density(clouds). 

A (jiiaP^ agktash, Weak-sighted. 

A v_alaP-\a(/A<a/', Comfortable, easy (life). Pos- 
sessed of long eyelids. 

A «-iaS-l aghtiyat, (pi. of -^liaff') Coverings. 

A j!iLlap\ ightilal, (v. n. 11 of JiaC-) Riding 
one upon another. Coming in one after another 
in quick succession. 

A f\a£\ ighfat, (v. n. 4 of IflP forjflP) Sleep- 
ing, slumbering, (v. n. 4 of j^ff') Sleeping, lying 
on straw in a mow. Abounding with bran (wheat). 
Cleaning (grain) from tares, darnel, or chaff. 

k\3^\ aghfar, (pi. oi Ji- ghafr) The young 
of wild goats. Jghfar, (v. n. 4 of jift) Covering, 
hiding, laying up any thing in a case or repository. 
Being attended by her young one (a female moun- 
tain-goat). Bearing dates, which in their unripe 
state have on them a kind of husk (a palm-tree). 

A Jla*'\ aghfal, (Deserts) without roads or 
signals to direct travellers. (Districts) without 
habitations or the traces of any. (Places) without 
owners. (Camels) without milk. Ighfal, (v. n. 
4 of (JflS-) Neglecting, overlooking. Forgetting. 
Causing one to forget or to be negligent. Finding 
(any one) negligent. Calling (any one) negligent. 
Leaving (any thing) to the recollection of another. 
Turning (a horse) loose without branding (him). 

{ 123 ) 

A jfiS-i aghfar, (A garment) more or most apt 
to take the dirt. More or most forgiving. 

AjijJs-\ ighfirar, (v.n.ll of^as-) Havingmuch 
nap, being shaggy (cloth). 

p ,Ji-l agliil, A sheep-cote. 

p ^^\ aghil, A sheep-cote in a mountain. 

A f'^\ ighlds (v. n. 4 of 5)^ for jlp) Grow- 
ing high, being thickly entangled (herbage). Buy- 
ing dear. Making dear. Lightening (a tree) of 
its leaves, (v. n. 4 of ^_^) Making (a pot) boil. 

A ifiyS'\ ighlatat, One single ebullition. 

G (OJ?"^'^^' aghlajun, The aromatic aloe. 

A (__j»»^J^\ aghlas, (pi. of ^J«lff• ghalas) Dark- 
nesses. Ighlds, (v. n. 4 of (jJ*) Being, or doing, 
any thing about the end of the night. 

A 1»5^\ aglilat, (pi. of lals- ghalat) Errors. 
Ighldt, (v. n. 4 of lal&) Leading into error. 

A liilpl igJddz, (v. n.4 of lalp) Making thick 
and stout. Using coarse or opprobrious language. 
Buying coarse (cloth), discovering (it) to be so. 
Going to rough, coarse, rugged grounds, and re- 
siding there. (The adjective is ^J^ ghatiz'). 

A ( J^l igftldf, (v. n. 4 of i_ftlff') Sheathing, 

putting up in a scabbard or sheath (i i"^ ghilaf). 

Preparing a sheath for any thing. 

A jj^)^\ aghldh, (pi. of Jjlp ghalk) Locks, bars, 
bolts. Ighldk, (v. n. 4 of Jji*-) Shutting, lock- 
ing, or fastening (a door). Forcing against one's 
will. Galling (a camel's back) by overloading (so 
that it cannot be cured). 

A (J^J*\ aghldl, (pi. of ^^ ghuU) Yokes or 
chains for the neck (of iron, or of leather with part 
of the hair adhering), (pi. of J)p ghalaV) Waters 
flowing amongst trees. ^Jmi^Lm (Ji)*i aghldli sa- 
Idsil, Bolts, links, or rings of chains. p .jhi*> 
J^l*\ sazdwari aghldl, Fit for the yoke. A Jgh- 
Idl, (v. n. 4 of ,JP) Defrauding, cheating of his 
share, acting perfidiously. Accusing of perfidy 
and malevolence. Producing com or pulse called 
ftip ghallat (ground). Having rich produce of 
this kind (a farmer). Bringing home such pro- 
duce. Producing the herbs called ^""^ ghulldn 
(a valley). Fixing (the countenance or the eye) 
directly (upon any object). Watering (camels) in- 
sufficiently so as to leave (them) thirsty. Having 
thirsty flocks. Pulling off, with too much violence, 
the skin of any slaughtered animal, so that part 
of the flesh and fat comes along with it. p J^Ji'l 
jjOjS ighldl hardan. To yoke. To pillory. 

A jt'^\ ighldm, The act of provoking to venery. 

A i^J\s\ aghlab, Superior, stronger, strongest. 
More or most violent. The greater part, most part. 
Thick-necked. Brave, bold. i_.«lc-^\ al aghlab, A 
lion. u-iiP^\ ^fl'l aghlab. For the most part. 

A )aM\ aghlaz, Grosser, fatter, thicker, thickest. 
)s^\ y& najwi aghlaz. Thick stools. 

A t_8_Ls-\ aghlaf, Uncircumcised. Sheathed 

(sword). Hard, stubborn (heart), as being sheathed 
or plunged in vice. Affluent, comfortable (life). 
Abundant in produce, plentiful, smiling (year). 

A y*\ aghlimat, (pi. of »^ ghuldm) Boys. 
Servants, slaves. 

p (jSj*-l ughlumish, Name of a king of Persia. 

A >l:Jdp\ ighlintds, (v. n. 3 of ,_§]* Q) Conquer- 
ing, overpowering with words or abuse. 

A >\jLis-l {ghlinsds,(y. n.3 of ^^Jis- Q) Conquer- 
ing, overpowering with words or abuse. 

A -rj^' "^^'^'j A little branch, a twig. 

A s_1»_j1p-\ ughlutat,{^\. )a^\s-\ ughdtit)A. doubt- 
ful question, any thing that may mislead a person. 
Any thing liable to error or misapprehension. 

A MjIpI ughluhat, (pi. ,JjJ\pl aghdUk) A lock. 

A elis-l aghliyat, (])1. of >ikp ghalds) Certain 
short-bodied fishes. 

p yj^*-AlS'\ aghUsun, The rainbow. 

A >^Ui'l ighrdd^, (v. n. 12 of iJi^ for^) Grow- 
ing long, being thick and entangled (herbage). 

A (_.>i)Ji>^ ighttldb, (v. n. 11 of (_*1*-) Being 
luxuriant and entangled (grass). 

A 'IsA aghamm. One who has much hair on the 
forehead, or on the hinder part of the head. Dense 
(cloud) with no opening in it. 

A A^\ aghmds, (pi. o{ ^jfi- ghama') Fainted, 
swooned. Roofs of houses. The highest parts of 
a roof covered with reeds or anything similar. Igh- 
mat, (v. n. 4 of (j**-) Speaking obscurely. Faint- 
ing,swooning. Causing to faint, throwing into a fit. 
Being misty, cloudy, or unintelligible. Being con- 
stantly clouded (the day). Veiling the moon (a 
cloud). Being obscure, uncertain, or unintelligible 
(news). Being uncertain, and at a loss how to act. 

A (iUS'l aghmdd, (pi. of S^ ghimd) Sheaths. 
Husks, pods. Ighnidd,(v.n.4:of,i^) Sheathing 
(a sword). Inserting one thing into another. 

AjUs-1 aghmdr, (pi. oij^ ghumr) Rude, inex- 
perienced, unlearned (men). Ighmdr, (v. n. 4 of 
j^) Persevering in one's journey after the heat has 
somewhat subsided. 

A jUs-^ ighmdz, (v. n. 4 of^) Disparaging, de- 
tracting from, railing against, blaming, reviling. 
Acquiring, gaining, possessing the worst kind of 
cattle. Growing cool, abating (the heat of the sun). 
Braving the heat, or travelling when the heat has 
begun to abate. Being fat on the bunch (a camel). 

A (_^1»&1 aghmdz, (pi. of {ja^ ghamz) Low, 
flat (grounds). Ighmdz, (v. n. 4 of ^Jla«S■) Look- 
ing with half-shut eyes. Winking at, indulging. 
Looking disdainfully. Allowing a discount. Beat- 
ing down the price. Getting ahead of any one in 
running after he had previously taken the lead. 
Connivance, dissimulation. Superciliousness, neg- 
lect. Sharpening (the edge of a sword). cJi^ l« 
l^eUkS-l md iktahaltu ighmdzan, I slept not a wink, 
p i^^y (^l»S-\ ighmdz hardan. To connive at. 

A \f\^\ ujhmat, (v. n. 4 of W>) Continuing 
without intennbnoD (a fever). 

A ^^\ ighmmn, (▼. n. 4 oi'^) Saddening, mak- 
ing melancholy. Being overcast with clouds (the 
sky). Being very hot and suffocating (the day). 
Being uncertain and confused (intelligence). 

A >^;,P^ agkmirnj,{f\. ofjv.P gham'tr) Grasses 
which are overtopped and sheltered from the sun 
by the taller and drier herbage ; whatever gi-een 
stuff vegetates at the roots of hay or grass. 

A j.>a«P\ arjhmat. Blear-eyed. 

A lx^\ uijhmiyat, (pi. of Jj^ (jhama) Roofs 
of houses. House-topscovered with earth, reeds, &c. 

A !^\ aghann. One who speaks through the 
nose.or with a nasal twang. (Deer) braying through 
the nose. ( A valley) abounding with trees or herb- 
age, and resonant with the hum of insects. (A 
place) thronged with people (as a busy mart). 

A 'Up^ aghnaj, The paraphernalia of a bride. 
Ighnat, (v. n. 4 of ^) Enriching, rendering in- 
dependent, enabling fo do without. Contenting, sa- 
tisfying. SuflSeing. Supplying the place of another. 

A tUP< ighnaz, (v. n. 4 of ia-») Overwhelming 
with grief, throwing into difficulty and trouble. 

A -Up^ aghnam, (pi. of JiP) Sheep, flocks. 

A j^^^ ((^Anan, (v. n. 4 of jT^) Resounding with 
the humming of flies (a valley) ; also being verdant 
Mid grassy (in which the flies delight). Having 
fruits come to maturity (a palm-tree). Being filled 
(a bottle). Buzzing (flies). 

p jiP I aghattd, Stuffed, crammed. 

p ^^ijs■\ cighandan, To fill, stuff, cram. 

p }jjh&l aghanda, Filled, stuffed. Cramming. 
A stuffer. Aghunda, Ball of cotton. Sort of spider. 

A lis-\ aghna', Richer, richest. More or mo3t 
independent. More or most useful. 

A '^\ aghanniy, The letters « mlm or ^^ nun. 

A 'U;P\ aghniyat, (pi. o{ ^\fs- ghanly) Rich. 
]^ J ^J^^ aghniya u Jukara,'The rich and poor, 
ij'^ijjj tJ^^^ aghniyan roz^ar, The rich men of 
ihe world. 

A iju&\ ughniyat, ighntyat, 3Lifr\ ughniyat or 
iijhniyat, (pi. ^^\ aghani) Music, melody, modu- 
lation, a certain musical mode. A son". 

A A^\ ighirat, ( v. n. 4 of ^y^fr ) Seducing, lead- 
ing astray, deceiving. Seduction, temptation. 

p Cj\jS-\ agharvat, (At. pi. o{\sA aglta) Lords. 

Ajljfrl aghn-hr, (pi. ofjlp _(//i5r) Caverns, dens. 

A )»\^\ aghnat, (pi. of lij\p ghd^it) Low, flat, 
hollow grounds, especially where one may lie hid. 

A J^jpI aghtval, (pi. of J^ gh^) Kinds of de- 
mons or evil spirits (called in the Arabian tales J^ 
fjhuU) supposed to haunt woods and church-yards, 
and to devour human bodies, alive or dead. Those 
w ho by the art of magic are imagined to have power 
tochange themselves into variousshapes. Serpents, 
dragons. Whatever suddenly attacks and destroys 

( 124 ) 

men, or deprives them of their senses from terror. 
Calamities, deaths. 

A \i^\ agliusa, Help ! 

p JjpT aghuz, The beastings of a sheep. 

Aj^\ iighn-az, Just, kind towards kindred. 

I. tjijS'T aghosh, An embrace. The bosom. 
As much as the arms can embrace or contain, an 
armful. A servant, slave. ^JliJi iS'J^ aghosh 
kardan, (or ^^<i/ iS'J^h'^ '^"'' ^0^'°^'^ kardan) 
To embrace, hold, comprehend, contain. 

P j^JOuli^T aghoshldan, To embrace. 

r Jj&T5///(o/,(orJjP\)Side-glance, angry look. 

A JjC'l aghwal, Soft, easy, comfortable (life). 

A 'iS,^\ ughniiyat, A dangerous place. A pit 
dug for a lion. Danger, diflieulty, evil, misfortune. 

A f\iS-\ ighyas, (v.n.4ofj_yi>) Raising (a stan- 
dard). Remaining stationaiy (a cloud). 

AjLp\ aghyar, Rivals, (pi. oijiS-ghtr) Expia- 
tions for murder. 

A (_^VaP^ aghydz, (pi. of Laji> ghtzat) Forests, 
places abounding in trees, but having little water. 
Haunts, dens. 

A JUp\ aghyal, (pi. of Jj* yhil) Woods, thick- 
ets. Reed-beds,marshe3. Lions' haunts. Valleys 
full oftrees and water. /^%aZ,(v.n.4of Jl& for J^) 
Yeaning twice a year (a sheep). Being thick and 
shady (a tree). Giving suck to a child whilst preg- 
nant or cohabiting with a man. 

A -UpI ighydm, (v. n. 4 of j.lS' for ^A&) Being 
cloudy(8ky). Being overtaken or envelopedin mist. 

A ^J^\ ighyan, (v. n. 4 of yls- for [^xP") Faint- 
ing, losing consciousness. Pressing one (debt). 
Overpowering the heart (desire). 

A 'i-S-\ aghiyat, (pi. ,^\5^ awaghi) A. channel 
by which water is brought upon tilled ground. 

A S^\ aghyad, One who nods when asleep. 
Waving, flexible and soft (plant). A place abound- 
ing in plants. 

Aj^\aghyar, More or most zealous, or jealous. 

p i,jtj*S'\ aghiras, A walnut. 

P (ji^JkPi aghls, A kind of grain. 

p iJi-l-fr 1 aghishtan, To embrace. To be em- 
braced. To cut, mince, hash, macerate. To hang, 
to be suspended. 

p (jiiJLljfrl aghtshldan, To fear, to dread. To 
embrace. To cut. 

A i_ a >C-\ aghyaf, One who nods his head though 
not asleep. Easy, comfortable (life). 

p (JaS-I aghil, A squint, oblique look, turning 
the corner of the eye, looking askance with anger. 

P (Jj^^ aghil, A sheep-cote. 

A aj^l ughaylimat, (dim. of &^\)Little boys. 

A ^J^\ aghyan, Long, tall. Of a dark green 
colour, inclining to black. 

p (_JI af, The sun. The musk-deer. 

p uJ) «/, Fie ! for shame ! ^Jj^ u_J\ uf guf- 
tan, To detest, to say Fie ! 


A Jj\ aff, (v. n. oiJ:i\) Saying uJl uffa, Fie ! 
for shame! Iff, Time, season. Uff, Paucity, 
scarcity. Nail-parings. Ear-wax. Dirt that 
gathers about the ears or nails. A stick or reed 
picked off the ground. Uffa, (A particle expres- 
sive of loathing and disgust, and which may be 
written in forty ways) Fie ! for shame ! 

A ^\ afa', (pi. of 'i^\ a/at) Flocks of sheep. 
Clouds emptied of their water. ^ 

A ^\ ipas, (v. n. 4 of fli for jVJ) Lighting upon 
a bare place. W^ounding the head, making a wide 
open wound. 

A 'if^\ ifoMt, (v.n.4of.*'\9for UJ) Returning. 
Brin<nng, causing to return, leading back. Putting 
in possession of the riches of the infidels (God). 

A Vi)\ afat, (pi. ^\ afa') A flock of sheep. 

A o\sT afat, (pi. of Sil) Misfortunes, losses. 

A w\sl ifatat, (v. n. 4 of CJ^ for Oji) Caus- 
ing (one) to pass by, to fly, to run, or to slip an op- 
portunity. Letting, allowing to slip or pass by. 

A ijj\»^ afaCihh, Small white funguses. 

AiL9-\s\ ifajat, (v. n. 4 of p.\J for _y) Making 
haste, running. Sending to water in troops. 

A S»-\s\ ifahat, (v. n. 4 of ^ for ^y) Pour- 
ing forth, spilling, shedding. Making (a pot) boil. 

A ;jiajk!>-\J\ afdhis, (pi. of (_^j«? )Katas' nests. 

A Si-^l ifakhat, (v. n. 4 of ^ for ^y) Dif- 
fusing fragi'ance (perfumes). Making a hissing 
noise (as in making water). Breaking wind. (v. n. 
4 of ^\sfor ^i) Prohibiting, averting. Beingfeeble 
(the hand). Repenting, regretting. An evacuation 
accompanied by an explosion of wind. 

A J>-^\ afakhim, (pi. of ^as?'fl/7(/ia»i) Greatest. 

A ■Jj\s\ ifadat, (v. n. 4 of iS^ for Jy) Killing, 
causing to perish. Deriving advantage. Impart- 
ing advantage, (v. n. 4 of ii\s for i\w) Giving or 
allowing profit, emolument, or advantage. Reap- 
ing advantage. Teaching, instructing. Denoting. 
Removing with the hand (ashes from off bread). 
p i^iiji St>\J\ ifada kardan, To convey a meaning or 
signification, to denote, ^^f z:_,yoi ^ »ii\sl ifada u 
tasrth kardan,Toteach and demonstrate. *^w »j\j\ 
fddasi kalam, The explanation of words. »j\s\ 
j^iijS m\jA ifadanmaram kardan,To explain one's 
intentions. Oji iJ^ S^lil t_jb bdbi ifada hv- 
shada hard, He opened the door of instruction, he 
began to teach. A (v. n. of jij) Coming, arriving 
on an embassy. 

A ibJtf ) afddiyai, Heating medicines, as cloves, 
cinnamon, &c. 

A 'iji\ if drat, The act of causing to boil. 

A Jj^j"^ afdrlk, (or 'ijiji\ afdrihat) (pi. oi 
^\J\ afrdk, pi. of ^Jfirak, pi. oriij firhat) 
Sects, tribes, clans. Assemblies. «--»/Jl J^j^' 
afdriku'l ^rab. Tribes or clans of Arabians. 

Aj\il ifdz, (forjlsj wifdz) Haste. 

A iji\ ifdzat, (v. n.4 ofj\» forjy) Enabling 

(one) to obtain (his) wish or purpose. 

A Lo\s\ ifdsat, (v. n. 4 of (_><s\s for {jo^) Speak- 
ing softh' and gently. Letting (a word) escape, 
(v. n. 4 of (.>aji not in use) Making clear or evi- 
dent. An evident declaration or clear expression 
of any thing. Escaping out of tlie hand, slipping 
through the fingers. Scattering (urine). Stand- 
ing apart (the fingere) when grasping any thing. 
A iLolil ifazat, (v.n. 4 of (^o for cjioaj) Di- 
lating. Becoming diffuse in narrative. Filling (a 
vessel) till (it) overflows. Sprinkling or pouring 
water upon one's person. Shedding (tears). Rush- 
ing with impetuosity (as the Muhammadan pil- 
grims do down Mount CJ^S- Mrafat to the val- 
ley of (^ wii/ia). Striking with an unfeathered 
aiTow. Playing with gaming arrows. Throwing 
up the food from the stomach (as the camel and 
other animals do when chewing the cud). A single 
effort, thrust, shove, or push. 

A f^^\ afazil, (pi. of ,3-aJ^ afial) Learned, 

virtuous, excellent. Philosophers, doctors. P .J 

jjwolsl iSJJ dar nazdi afazil, Amongst the learned. 

A .ji>\Jl afaftr, (pl.of , jlail uftur) Fissures in 

the nose and other parts of the face of a youth. 

A 'i^^\ ifazat, (v. n. 4 of iolj for laji) Killing, 
tearing the soul from the body. Occasioning the 
death of another. 

A ^^\ "/«??) (pi. of i^elo/fa') Serpents, vi- 
pers. Certain veins or ramifications from the two 
veins called ij^^ halibayn. 

A JiC'\s\ afa^l, (pi. of J\*J\ af^l, pi. of Jj«i 
Jifl) Acts, actions. 

A&i&\s\ afatjhinat, (pi. of ^^UJ^) The Afghans. 
A (_-i^\ ifaf, Timidity. Time, opportunity. 
A j\9 1 afdk, (pi. of ^\ vfh) Horizons, quar- 
ters of the heavens, of the world, or universe. The 
surface of a road. 

A ;^1 affdh, One who travels much in search 
of knowledge. 

A fti'U) ijahat, (v. n. 4 of 5\J for jji) Reco- 
vering (from a distemper, insanity, or ebriety). 
Returning from scarcity to plenty (seasons). Re- 
turning to one who has been sick (health). Fit- 
ting the notch of the arrow to the bow-string when 
going to shoot. (A camel) collecting milk in the 
udder between the times of milking. The resting 
time between the milkings of cattle. 

p iCiJ j\iT dfdk-girifta, Celebrated, famous. 
A (|j>'\JI afdhty, One who has travelled much. 
*^-« (j\j I djdkty makka. One who appears not 
at the spot where the pilgrims meet at Mecca. 

p IJ\J) afdliiyd, A kind of liquid flowing from 
minerals, or expressed from acid substances. 
A <JM affah, Addicted to lying (tiii\ iflc). 
A ^^\ afdkil, The descendants of J^\ aflial. 
A ,3:^^^ nfdJnl, Crowds, troops. 
A J\jl ?/ai,(pl.of^3-i))Yearlingcamel8: weanels. 

( 125 ) 

A Ji\ ifidm, (v. n. 4 of J^) Enlarging, widen- 
ing a (camel's) saddle. 

p j«\sl afdm, Colour. Debt. 

A ^Ji\ iff an or affdn, A convenient season, suit- 
able time, proper opportunity. 

Ajjlsl afdm, (pi. of »Jo\J\ afdniyaf) Fox-grapes. 
Ufdna\ A sort of plant. 

A (3tfi afdniy, A crowd. Fox-grapes. 

A AWtf\ afdniyat, (pi. ^\j\ afdm) A species of 
herb. Fox-gi-apes. 

A tjo\i\ afdnin, (pi. of jj^^ ufnun) Reasons, 
ways, modes, forms, kinds, arts (of speaking), (pi. 
of ^jjLJ\ afndn pi. oi i^ fanan) Many branches. 

A ^^\ afawij, (or ^j\si afdwij) (pi. of y 
fawj) Troops, bodies, squadrons. 

A Jj^j^Jl afdwih, (pi. oi 'isui flhat) Milk col- 
lected in the udder between two milkings. Rains 
fallen at intervals. Larger parts of the night. 

A «J.j\Jl afdwih, (pi. of l\ji\ afwdh, which is 
pi. of »_jJ /«'/0 Aromatics, spices. 

A ijXi^\ afdsik, (pi. of Sils^) Lies, falsehoods. 

A Jjbl afdtil. Yearling camels or sheep. 

p (JiJj^\ afpunitan, (in zand and Pazand) To 
cook. To ripen. 

A sJ\ dfat, (pi. O^l dfdt)A misfortune, ca- 
lamity. A murrain amongst cattle, blight amongst 
com. py.ii (Jl*i I dfati dev. Pustules breaking out 
on the lips, from terror, whilst asleep. A ringworm. 
i^j\.t*>' CIaJ 1 dfati savidivi, A year of scarcity aris- 
ing from too much or too little rain, locusts, &c. 

A 'LiS uffat, A poltroon, coward. Poor : filthy. 

A <JL>i\ aft, (v. n. of (JLJ\) Averting, keeping 
back, withholding. A she-camel very patient and 
tractable. A swift she-camel, out-stripping the 
males. A generous camel. A branch of the tribe 
of Jj J* huzayl. Ift, A fruitful she-camel. A pro- 
digy, portent, extraordinary calamity. A lie. 

p \j>\ uftd, (part, of j^i>\^\ uftddan) Falling. 

A f-\:J\ uftds, (pi. of ^^ fatly) Young in years. 
Iftds, (v. n. 4 of us) Desisting, ceasing, disconti- 
nuing, abstaining from. Passing by. (v. n. 4 of 
iji) Resolving a question of law, or a case of con- 
science. Publishing, proclaiming, making mani- 
fest. Causing to separate and to become distinct. 

P U-'l^l dftdh, (Sunshine) The sun. A day. 
Wine. The soul. t_jl:4ls- (_^l:jT dftdhi falam- 
tdh, The world-illuminating sun. Jj— \ls- L-^l:^ 1 
dftdhi ^lam-suz. The sun inflaming the world. 
_jj iViJ '-yd\ dftdhi zard-ru, (The yellow-faced 
sun) A melon. »<iU» (»_.>l:i I dftdhi sdda, The pure 
sun (an epithet of Solomon), {^jj'^.j^ji i— -'tis! 
dftdb bar diwdr (or iyji bar hoh) raftun, The 
termination of life, grandeur, prosperity, happiness. 

p Cl<*tf;> u-jl^ I a/?a6-pa7'a.?<, A worshipper of 
the sun. Sun-flower. A chameleon. A water-lily. 

P (5^^ I dftdbachi, A ewer-holder. 

p «jli- (—.>\^Ta/i;ai-AAawa, The sun's house (in 


an astronomical sense). A summer-house. 

p i^iijii i_->l:;j| dftdb-duzdah, (Intercepting 
the sun) A kind of parasol made of reeds. 

p jj l-jI^ I dftdh-ru, Exposed to thesun (spot). 
Vj\yii ^.^l^ I dftab-suwdr, An early riser, 
p »l^ t_Jl:J I dftdb-(jdh, (The sun's place) A 
sunny place. A sun-shining day. The equinox. 

p ^_)iJ,S (_->l::sl dftdb-gardish, The surface of 
the earth. The chameleon. 

p ui) J^ L->li^ 1 dftdh-gardah, (Turning to the 
sun) The chameleon. The sun-flower. 

VjffSci\ dftdb-gir, (Sun-catching) A parasol. 

P <JJ[^^\ dftdbndh, Sunny. 

p wl:^ I dftdba, A water-pot. Traveller's bottle. 

p (J,Lj I dftdbi, A kind of parasol. An em- 
bossed shield (in shape like the sun). 

A »-l:a\ iftdh, (v. n. 4 of 2J) Having the ori- 
fices of the dugs large and open (a she-camel). 

A ^1:^1 iftdhh, (v. n. 4 of -xj) B6ing wearied 
and falling down with fatigue. 

p yl^<il:i\ uftddagdn, (pi. of » j\as\) The fallen. 

p ^ikj\ nftddatfi, llnmiWty. Vileness. A fall. 

p ^o45l:iJ\ vftddan, To fall. To befal, to happen. 
To submit. To perish, be ruined. To be distant. 

p lii\^\tiftdda,V^\\&[i. Weakened. Oppressed. 

Aj\:y^ if tar, (v.n. 4 ofJ<J) Making relaxed, lan- 
guid,weak(diseaseordrink). Having weak eye-lids. 

p LJl^l a/i'q^ya, A kind of liquid flowing from 
minerals, or expressed from acid substances. 

A ^Vl^^ iftdh, (v. n. 4 of ^) Enjoying