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Full text of "Digest of the statutes and of the ordinances relating to the construction, maintenance and inspection of buildings in the city of Boston, 1901"

BOSTON 

PUBLIC 

UBRARY 




Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Boston Public Library 



http://www.archive.org/details/digestofstatutes1901bost 



CITY OF BOSTON 



DIGEST 



STATUTES 



AND OF THE 



ORDINANCES 



RELATING TO THE 



CONSTRUCTION, MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION 
OF BUILDINGS IN THE CITY OF BOSTON 

I 9O I 




3°o i i 



tiGY ■ 
MUNICIPAL PRINTING OFFICE 

VCjO I 



"? 



vKSL , 

COMPILED BY 

CHARLES S. DAMRELL. 

Boston, 1901. 



ORGANIZATION 



BUILDING DEPARTMENT 



JOHN S. DAMRELL . . ' . . .47 Hancock street. 



€hxk of genartment. 

CHARLES S. DAMRELL . . . .47 Hancock street. 



§Soato of appeal. 

George R. Swasey (Chairman) 30 Court street, Boston. 

Arthur G. Everett (Secretary) . . . • . 60 Devonshire street, Boston. 
William H. Sayward 166 Devonshire street, Boston. 



(Hamming §Soaro for ^Inrntrtrs. 

Dr. S. H. Durgin, Chairman of Board of Health (Chairman). 
Building Commissioner, John S. Damrell. Practical Plumber, Wm. H. Mitchell. 



Hamming ^oarb for Gfasfitters. 

Dr. S. H. Durgin, Chairman of Board of Health (Chairman). 
Building Commissioner John S. Damrell. Practical Gasfitter, Marcus C. Poor. 



©ramirtaiion: IPags. 

For Plumbers — Tuesdays, 2 P.M. For Gasfitters — Mondays, 1.45 P.M. 

In Room 10, Old Court House. 

Applications for examination and registration made at 
Room 15, Old Court House. 



OFFICE OF BUILDING DEPARTMENT, 

ROOMS 14 AND 15, OLD COURT HOUSE, COURT SQUARE. 



Department office hours . . . . . 9 A.M. to 5 P.M. 

Saturdays 9 A.M. to 1 P.M. 

Public office hours 9 A.M. to 2 P.M. 

Inspectors' office hours 12 M. to 2 P.M. 



BUILDING INSPECTORS. 

DETAILED ON PLANS, 
Michael W. FitzSimmons, Supervisor . 16 Sheridan street, Jamaica Plain. 



DETAILED ON CONSTRUCTION. 



James J. Barby, Supervisor 
Charles N. Norwood 
Hartford Davenport 
George W. Griffin 
Nahum M. Morrison 
Abraham T. Rogers 
John B. Fitzpatrick 
George S. Follansp.ee 
John Currie 
William F. Murphy 
Thomas M. Hinchey 
Cornelius J. Regan 
Edwin D. Kelley 



382 Centre street, Jamaica Plain. 

26 Spring Garden street, Dorchester. 
564 Columbia road, Dorchester. 
40 Pearl street, Charlestown. 
1 Morrison street, West Roxbury. 
6 Robinwood ave., Jamaica Plain. 
188 K street, South Boston. 
29 Monument avenue, Charlestown. 
191 Neponset avenue, Dorchester. 

15 Monument avenue, Charlestown. 

16 Monument square, Charlestown. 
45 Maywood street, Roxbury. 

50 Tremont street, Charlestown. 



Levi W. S , 
George M' 
J. Homer 



DETAILED ON EGRESS. 



supervisor 

• NELL . 
ERLY 



Patrick F. She vein 



73 Chandler street, Boston. 
27 Mercer street, South Boston. 
39 West Newton street, Boston. 
140 M street, South Boston. 



DETAILED ON ELEVATORS AND BOILERS. 



Patrick H. Costello 
Frederick C. Floyd 
Thomas J. Lavery 



24 Smith street, Roxbury. 
120 Regent street, Roxbury. 
10 East Dedham street, Boston. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



PLUMBING INSPECTORS. 



Willtam A. Wheater, Supervisor 

Michael H. Hartnett 

William B. Bothamly 

RicnARD Lynch 

Thomas M. Wilson 

Joseph F. Salter . 

John J. Donovan . 

Patrick T. Slattery 

Dennis H. Collins 

Thomas C. Reiley 

Robert W. Godfrey 



46 N street, South Boston. 
3 Elder street, Dorchester. 

Dudley street, Hotel Gladstone, Rox. 
537 Talbot avenue, Dorchester. 

71 Williams street, Roxbury. 

78 Trenton street. East Boston. 
134 Pleasant street, Dorchester. 

92 Pleasant street, Dorchester. 
228 Commercial street, Boston. 

27 Havre street, East Boston. 
126 D street, South Boston. 



GAS INSPECTORS 



David A. Finnegan, Supervisor 
Charles B. Gould 
Charles E. Phillips 
Ernest Blasser . 
James W. Flynn . 
Joseph L. Citrran 
James A. O'Neill 



493 Harrison avenue, Boston. 
2S Belden street, Dorchester. 
1188 Columbus avenue, Roxbury. 
268 Ruggles street, Roxbury. 

8 Plymouth street, Dorchester. 
669 Harrison avenue, Boston. 
20 Roosevelt street, Boston. 



DIGEST OP BUILDING LAWS. 



A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE BUILDING LAWS 
OF BOSTON. 

In early times the town of Boston suffered greatly from fires, and the 
building laws of early date seem to have been passed wholly with a 
view of preventing the spread of fire. After the first great fire, in 
August, 1679, an Act was passed at the October session of the General 
Court, ordering and enacting " that henceforth no dwelling-house in 
Boston shall be erected and set up, except of stone or brick, and cov- 
ered with slate or tile, on penalty of forfeiting double the value of such 
buildings, unless by allowance and liberty obtained otherwise from the 
magistrates, commissioners, and selectmen of Boston, or a major part of 
them." This Act, not providing any body or person to enforce its 
penalties, seems not to have been enforced, as at a special term of the 
General Court, held November 7, 1683, it was ordered and enacted, 
" That henceforth no dwelling-house, warehouse, shop, barn, stable, or 
any other house, shall be erected and set up in Boston, except of stone 
or brick, and covered with slate or tile, on penalty of forfeiting one 
hundred pounds in money to the use of the said town for every house 
built otherwise, unless by allowance and liberty obtained from this 
Court from time to time, and the constables and grand jurymen of the 
said town are to take care for the execution of this order, and present 
a breach thereof to the County Court of Suffolk." This Act was 
amended slightly in 1683, which Act provided, "That whosoever should 
so build of brick or stone, should have liberty to set half his partition 
wall in his neighbor's ground," and providing, " That when his 
neighbors built, they should pay for half of such wall as far as they 
did adjoin." In 1684 it was made lawful to erect any small building 
of wood or timber, provided it did not exceed eight feet square. 
Probably the selectmen and the General Court licensed almost every 
one to put up buildings of wood, and thus these acts failed to accom- 
plish the purpose for which they were enacted, as the Legislature 
passed a new Building Act at the June Term, 1692, which, after 
reciting that ".Whereas great desolations and ruins have at sundry 
times happened by fires breaking out in the town of Boston, prin- 
cipally occasioned by reason of the joining and nearness of the build- 



D DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

ings, being mostly of timber, and covered, with shingle," enacted, 
"That henceforth no dwelling-house, shop, warehouse, barn, stable, and 
any other house of more than eight feet in length or breath, and seven 
feet in height, shall be erected and set up in Boston but of stone or 
brick, and covered with slate or tile," except in particular cases, 
specified in the Act. This Act does not seem to have been enforced, 
as another Act, passed six years after, legalizes what the first Act 
could not or did not prevent. After the great fire of 1760, the General 
Court enacted that " No house, or other building whatsoever, more 
than seven feet in height, shall be erected in Boston otherwise than of 
stone or brick, and covered with slate or tile.' 1 The penalty for the 
non-observance of this Act was fifty pounds, which was to go to the 
poor of the town. This act also seems not to have been thoroughly 
enforced, and to have become in a few j^ears a dead letter, as the 
Legislature proceeded, afterwards to legalize the erection of wooden 
buildings, and directed how they should be constructed, passing, on the 
twenty-third day of February, in the year one thousand eight hundred 
and eighteen, " An Act to secure the town of Boston from damage by 
fire;" on the sixteenth day of June, 1821, "An Act regulating the 
building with wood within the town of Boston;" the fifteenth day of 
June, 1822, "An Act to provide for the erection of two-story wooden 
buildings in the City of Boston;" on the fifth day of February, in the 
year 1830, "An Act in addition to an Act regulating the building with 
wood in the town of Boston; " on the eighth day of April, 1835, "An 
Act for the further regulation of the erection of wooden buildings in 
the City of Boston;" an Act in 1847 amending the Act of 1835 ; an 
Act in 1850, allowing the City Council to authorize the erection of 
wooden buildings in South and East Boston upon such terms and 
conditions, and subject to such limitations and restrictions, as it may 
deem expedient; it also, by chapter 281 of the Acts of 1868, 123 of 
the Acts of the year 1869, and chapter 116 of the Acts of the year 
1870, undertook to regulate the construction of buildings in Boston. 
' Owing to the fact that no department or person was charged with the 
enforcement of these laws, in many cases they were not observed by 
builders and in 1871, chapter 280 of that year, a general building law 
was passed, and a department for the survey and inspection of buildings 
was created to have charge of enforcing the provisions of that act. 
The limits within which all buildings thereafter erected should conform 
to the provisions of this law were established by the City Council, 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. / 

July 8, 1871. The great fire of November, 1872, led to the passage of 
a still more stringent law (being chapter 260 of the Acts of that year), 
amending the Act of 1871, and as the growth of the city, and changes 
in the style, use, and finish of buildings, demanded it, the Acts of 1871 
and 1872 were amended in 1876, 1882, and 1883. In 1885 (chapter 
374 of the Acts of that year) all these acts were repealed, and a 
building law enacted which, with so.me modifications and amendments, 
continued in force until July 16, 1692, when the present law went into 
effect. The building laws passed prior to 1892 did not give jurisdic- 
tion to the Courts to prevent the illegal construction of a building; 
they could only enjoin its use, or impose penalties after the law was 
broken. This tended to diminish the number of complaints made ; and 
as since 1871 these laws and the decisions made under them by the 
Inspector of Buildings and the lower Courts have been universally 
acquiesced in by the community no complaints made under them have 
ever gone to the full bench of the Supreme Court, and few decisions 
concerning their interpretation are to be found in the reports. In 
consequence of a dictum of Gray, C. J., in Quinn vs. Morse, 130 Mass. 
321, that a provision concerning party walls in the Act of 1692 had not 
been repealed, the case of Wilkins vs. Jewett, 139 Mass. 29, was tried; 
but the Court decided that it never was in force in the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts. Decisions on various provisions in the building- 
Acts since 1871 are to be found in Rogers vs. Snow, 118 Mass. 118; 
Cecconi vs. Rodden, 147 Mass. 170 ; Everett vs. Edwards, 149 Mass. 
594 ; Matthews, Jr. vs. Dixey, 149 Mass. 596 ; Rice vs. Moorehouse, 
150 Mass. 482 ; Carlton vs. Blake, 152 Mass. 176 ; Commonwealth vs. 
Roberts, 155 Ma<s. 281; Normille vs. Gill, 159 Mass. 427; Perry 
vs. Bangs, 161 Mass. 35; Allen vs. Evans, 161 Mass. 485 ; Pfeiffer 
vs. Matthews, 161, 487 ; Walker vs. Stetson, 162 Mass. 86 ; Palmer vs. 
Evangelical Baptist Benevolent and Missionary Society, 166 Mass. 
143 ; Attorney General vs. Williams, 174 Mass. 476. 

See, also, Phillips vs. Boardman, 4 Allen, 147 (1862), and Proprietor 
of Mills vs. Randolph, 157 Mass. 345. 

In consequence of the fire of November 28, 1889, and pursuant to a 
call issued by the Inspector of Buildings, Capt. J. S. Damrell, over 
fifty of the leading business firms of Boston, representing building 
inte.ests, insurance, real estate, architects, engineers, electricians, 
masons and carpenters, met in the Council Chamber, Boston Historical 
Society, Old State House, on the fourth of December following, to 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

consider what amendments to the building law wire necessary to add 
in the security of the city as against lire. 

After several meetings it was deemed advisable to recommend the 
appointment by the Mayor of a commission to revise the building law. 
After consultation with Mayor Hart, the following vote was passed: 
" Voted, That His Honor the Mayor be requested to petition the City 
Council for authority to appoint a commission of experts to revise the 
entire building laws, said commission not to exceed five in number." 

The Boston Board of Fire Underwriters, in a petition, dated Decem- 
ber 6, 1889, urged the Mayor and City Council to procure "such 
changes in the present building laws of this city as shall bring about 
the construction of buildings of a less dangerous character than those 
which are permitted b^y the present building regulations." Acting on 
a suggestion in the Mayor's Inaugural for 1890, the City Council 
requested him, in an order approved January 8, 1890, to appoint a 
commission of three persons to " consult with the Fire Marshal, examine 
the building laws of the city, and report as to the cause of the late 
great fire, and as to what changes in said building laws are necessary 
and expedient." This commission, consisting of William Minot, Jr.,. 
John G. Stearns, and William H. Sayward, reported in December, 
1890, a draft of a new building law (City Documents of 1890, No. 
179). The Legislature of 1891 took no action in the matter, but in 
1892 the Mayor, the members of the special commission of 1890, and 
the officers of the Boston Board of Fire Underwriters, drew up a new 
building law, which was passed, substantially without change, by the 
Legislature of 1892, as chapter 419 of the Acts of that year, since 
which date the law has been changed sixty-three times by acts amend- 
ing or substituting forty-eight of the one hundred thiity-eight sections 
of the said building law. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

% 

TABLE 

SHOWING BY TITLES THE SPECIAL ACTS, THE PUBLIC 

STATUTES, AND THE ORDINANCES RELATING TO 

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION IN BOSTON. 



R means repealed. 
"s" refers to an Act substituted for the Title Act. 



Year. 

An Act relative to the Construction of Dwelling-houses in Boston. — 1679. 

August, 1679. Never 

enforced. 
An Act in relation to Dwelling-houses, Warehouses, Shops, Barns, 1683. 

Stables or any other houses. — Nov. 7, 1683. 

Slightly amended later in 1683 relative to partition walls on neigh- 
bors 1 ground. 

An Act relative to Erection of Wooden Buildings, not to exceed eight 1684. 

feet square. Never 

enforced. 

Chap. 13. 1692. 

An Act for Building with stone or brick in the town of Boston 
and preventing fire. — Oct. 25, 1692. 

Note. —Opinion of Chief Justice Gray, in Quinn vs. Morse, 130 Mass. 321: 
" This provision does not appear to have been repealed, although other sections 
of the Province law have been modified or superseded by later statutes." 

Opinion of Chief Justice Morton, Wilkins vs Jewett, decided Feb. 28, 1885 : 
" We are of the opinion that this provision of the Provincial statute was never in 
force in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. " 

An Act was passed legalizing what the Act of 1692 did not prevent. 1698. 

An Act prohibiting the erection of wooden buildings in Boston more 1760. 

than seven feet in height. Not strictly 

enforced. 
Chap. 124. 18 io. 

An Act to prevent livery stables being erected in certain places in 
the town of Boston. — Eeb. 28, 1811. 

Repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. (1 Gray, 163; 1860, 109 R; Repealed. 
1869, 369 R; 1878, 192 R. ) 

An Act to secure the town of Boston from damage by fire. — Feb. 23, 1818. 

1818. 

An Act regulating the erection of wooden buildings in Boston. — June 1821. 

21, 1821. 



II) 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



"i l u;. 
1S-2-J. 



1S30. 

In::.".. 

Repealed. 
1M7. 

Repealed. 
1850. 

Repealed. 



1S60. 



Repealed. 



1862. 

Repealed. 



1868. 



Repealed. 

1S70. 
Never strictly 
enforced. 
Repealed. 

1870. 



Repealed. 



Au Act providing for the erection of two-story wooden buildings in the 
town of Boston. — June 15, 1822. 

An Act in addition to an act regulating the building with wood in the 
town of Boston. — Feb. 5, 1830. 

Chap. 139. 

Wooden buildings in Boston more than sixteen feet high for- 
bidden except under certain restrictions. — April, 1835. 

Repealed by St. 1871, c. 2S0. (3 Gray, 134. G. S. 88, s. 15-16.) 

Chap. 132. 

When wooden buildings may be taken to be common nuisances. — 
March 27, 1847. 
Repealed by St. 1871, c 2S0. (G. S. 26.) 

Chap. 280. 

City Council may authorize erection of wooden buildings in South 
Boston and East Boston and in Roxbury. 

Repealed by St. 1S71, c. 280. (This act repealed St. 1817, 
c. 171, s. 1-2-3-4-5-7-8-15; St. 1821, c. 26-31; St. 1822, c. 16; St. 
1829, c. 34; also portion of St. 1825, c. 139, s. 2 as relates to 
South and East Boston; also s. 5 of same Act; St. 1S69, c. 123, 
s. 1.) 

Chap. 109. 

An Act to amend "An Act to prevent livery stables from being 
erected in certain places in the town of Boston. 1 ' — March 26, 
1860. 

Repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. 

Amends St. 1810, c. 124 (1810, 124; 1869, 369); which are also 
repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. 

Chap. 74. 

Sects. 1, 2, 3. Stationary engines prohibited within live hundred 
feet of dwelling houses or public buildings unless licensed. 
Adopted by City Council March 25, 1862. 

Chap. 281. 

An Act for the regulation of tenement and lodging houses in the 
City of Boston. — June 4, 1868. 
Repealed by St. 1871, c. 280. 

Chap. 116. 

An Act to regulate the construction of buildings in Boston. 
Repealed by St. 1871, c. 280. 

Chap. 305. 

An Act concerning the erection of buildings within the fire limits 
of cities. — June 2, 1870. 

Repealed by F. S. 224. (G. S. 24.) 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. I 1 

Ykai:. 
Ohap. 306. . 1870. 

An Act relating to the erection and use of buildings for hos- 
pitals.— June 2, 1870. 

Repealed by P. S. 224. (G. S. 26.) Repealed. 

Chap. 314. isto. 

An Act relating to the moving of buildings in public streets 
and ways. — June 3, 1870. 

Repealed by P. S. 224. (G. S. 45.) Repealed. 

Chap. 280. 1871. 

An Act to provide for the regulation and inspection of buildings, 
the more effectual prevention of fire, and the better preservation 
of life and property in the City of Boston. — May 12, 1871. 
Sect. 16 repealed by St. 1872, c. 260. Act repealed by St. 1885, c. Repealed. 
374, s. 147, which Act was repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. 
This Act repeals St. 1835, c. 139; St. 1847, c. 132; St. 1850, c.280; 
St. 1868, c. 281; St. 1869, c. 123; St. 1870, c. 116. (1869, 369 R; 
1872, 260 R, 371 R; 1873, 4, 298 R, 338 R; 1876, 69 R, 176 R; 1877, 
84 R; 1882, 101 R, 252 R; 1883, 155 R, 173 R, 251 R; 1884, 223 R.) 
Chap. 260. 1872. 

An Act in addition to " An Act to provide for the regulation and 
inspection of buildings, the more effectual prevention of fire, 
and the better preservation of life and property in Boston." — 
April 25, 1872. 

Repeals St. 1871, c. 280, S.-16. Act repealed by St. 1885, c. 374, Repealed. 
s. 147, which Act was repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. (1871, 
2S0 R; 1872, 371 R; 1873, 298 R; 1876, 69 R, 176 R; 1882, 101 R, 
252 R; 1883, 155 R. ) 
Chap. 371. 1872. 

An Act in addition to "An Act to provide for the regulation and 
inspection of buildings, the more effectual prevention of fire, and 
the better preservation of life and property in Boston.' 1 — Decem- 
ber 14, 1872. 

Repealed by St. 1885, c. 374, s. 147, which Act was repealed by Repealed. 
St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. (1871, 280 R; 1872, 260 R; 1873, 298 R, 
338 R; 1876, 69 R, 176 R; 1882, 101 R, 252 R; 18S3, 155 R, 173 R.) 
Chap. 4. 1873. 

An Act to authorize the erection of wooden buildings in the city In f 0rce> 
of Boston for sanitary purposes. — January 28, 1873. 
(1871, 2S0 R.) 
Chap. 298. 1873. 

An Act to amend chapter three hundred and seventy-one of the 
laws of the year eighteen hundred and seventy-two, relating to 
the regulation and inspection of buildings in the city of Boston 
and for other purposes. — May 20, 1873. 

This Act amends St. 1872, c. 371, which Act was repealed by Repealed. 
St. 1885, c. 374, s. 147, which Act was repealed by St. 1892, 
c. 419, s. 138. (1871, 280 R; 1872, 260 R, 371 R; 1876, 69 R, 176 R; 
1882, 252 R; 1883, 155 R, 173 R, 251 R; 1884, 223 R.) 



12 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Year. £ 

1878. Chap. 321. 

An Act requiring returns in relation to steam-boilers. — May 29, 
1ST3. 
Repealed. Repealed by P. S. 224. (1S66, 283 R, s. 1. ) 

1873. Chap. 33S. 

An Act to amend " An Act to provide for the regulation and in- 
spection of buildings, the more effectual prevention of fire, and 
the better preservation of life and property in Boston." — June 
4, 1873. 
Repealed. Amends St. 1871, c. 280, s. 2, which Act was repealed by St. 

1885, c. 374, s. 147, which Act was repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, 
s. 138. (1871, 280 R; 1872, 371 R.) 

1876. Chap. 69. 

An Act for the better protection of life in buildings occupied for 
public purposes in the city of Boston. — March 28, 1876. 
Repealed. Repealed by St. 1885, c. 374, s. 147, which Act was repealed by 

St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. (1871, 280 R; 1872, 260 R, 371 R; 1873, 
298 R.) 

1876. Chap. 176. 

An Act in addition to chapter three hundred and seventy-one, of 
the acts of the year eighteen hundred and seventy-two, relating 
to the regulation and inspection of buildings in Boston. — April 
26, 1876. 
Repealed. This Act amends St. 1872, c. 371, which Act was repealed by 

St. 1885, c. 374, s. 147, which Act was repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, 
s. 138. (1871, 280 R; 1872, 260 R, 371 R; 1873, 298 R; 1882, 252 R.) 

1876. Chap. 269. 

An Act for the better protection of life in buildings occupied for 
public purposes in the city of Boston. — March 28, 1876. 
Repealed. Repealed by St. 1885, c. 374, s. 147, which Act was repealed by 

St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. 

1877. Chap. 84. 

An Act in addition to " An Act to provide for the regulation and 
inspection of buildings, the more effectual prevention of fire, and 
the better preservation of life and property in Boston. — March 
29, 1877. 
Repealed. This Act amends St. 1872, c. 371, which was repealed by St. 

1885, c. 374, s. 147, which Act was repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, 
s. 138. (1871, 280 R.) 

1878. Chap. 192. 

An Act relative to the rebuilding and improvement of stables in 
the city of Boston. — April 26, 1878. 
Repealed. Repealed by St. 1889, c. 89, and later repealed by St. 1S92, 

c. 419, s. 138. (1810, 124 R; 1869, 369 H.) 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

Year. 

Chap. 101. 1882. 

An Act to authorize the city of Boston to permit the erection of 
certain frame or wooden buildings within the building limits of 
said city. — March 21, 1882. 

Repealed by St. 1885, c. 374, s. 147, which Act was repealed by Repealed. 
St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. (1871, 280 R; 1872, 260 R, 371 R.) 

Chap. 20S. 1882. 

An Act relating to the inspection of buildings. — May 10, 1882. 

Repealed by St. 1894, c. 481. (P. S. 104, s. 14; St. 1882, 266, s. Repealed. 
3 R; St. 1883, 173 R; 145 Mass. 123, 128; 1890, 90 R; 1892, 419, s. 
138.) 

Chap. 252. 1882. 

An Act relating to the construction, use, and inspection of build- 
ings in the city of Boston. — May 25, 1882. 

Sects. 3, 4, 7 repealed by St. 1885, c. 374; s. 147; repealed by St. Repealed. 
1892, c. 419, s. 138. (P. S. 11, 104; 1871, 280 R; 1872, 260 R, 371 
R; 1873, 298 R; 1876, 176 R.) 

Chap. 266. 1882. 

An Act relating to fire-escapes, and to the construction and in- 
spection of factories, public buildings, and tenement and lodg- 
ing houses. — May 26, 1882. 

Repealed by St. 1894, c. 481. (P. S. 104, s. 15 to 20, repealed Repealed, 
by 1888, 426, s. 14, and law as to fire-escapes, etc., revised by 
1888, 426; s. 4 repealed by 1887, 219, 276, ss. 1, 2; s. 6 repealed 
by 1887, 218 substitute; ss. 3-5 affected by 1888, 426, ss. 5, 12, 14; 
s. 3 affected by 1882, c. 208.) 

Chap. 155. 1883. 

An Act relating to the inspection of buildings in the city of 
Boston. — April 30, 1883. 

Repealed by St. 1885, c. 374, s. 147, which Act was repealed by Repealed. 
St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. (1871, 280 R; 1872, 260 R, 371 R; 1873, 
298 R.) 

Chap. 173. 1883. 

An Act to provide against the use of unsafe elevators. — May 14, 
1883. 

Repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138, and further repealed by St. Repealed. 
1894, c. 481. (1871, 280 R; 1872, 371 R; 1873, 298 R; 1882, 208 R; 
1890,90 R; P. S. 104.) 

Chap. 251. 1883. 

An Act to secure better provisions for escape from hotels and cer- 
tain other buildings, in case of fire. — June 23, 1883. 

Repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. (1871, 280 R; 1873, 298 R; Repealed. 
1884, 323 R; 1888, 86 R; 1894, 414, 481; P. S. 104.) 



1 1 



DIGEST OF i;i"ILDI\<; I.AWs. 



5 EAB 
1SS4. 



Repealed. 



Chap. 223. 

An Act relating to safety appliances in hotels and public build- 
ings.— May S, 1SS4. 

Sect. 2 amended by St. 1888, c. Sl>. Act repealed by St. 1892, c. 
419, s. 138. (1871, 280 R; 1873, 298 It; 1883, 251 R; L888, 426 R, 
1890, 307 R; 1894, 341 R, 481.) 



1885. Chap. 326. 

An Act to prevent the construction of wooden dues for heating or 
ventilating purposes. — June 5, 1885. 
Repealed. Repealed by St. 1888, c. 426, s. 14; see Id. s. 8, P. S. 104. 

lsso. Chap. 374. 

An Act relating to the inspection and construction of buildings in 
the city of Boston. — June 19, 1885. 
Repealed. Sect. 15 amended by St. 1889, c. 450, s. 1. Act repealed by St. 1892, 

c. 419, s. 138. Repeals St. 1871, c. 280; St. 1872, c. 371, c. 377; 
St. 1873, c. 298, c. 338; St. 1876, c. 69, c. 176, c. 269; St. 1877, c. S4; 
St. 1882, c. 201, St. 1883, 155. (1888, 316 R, 367 R, 426 R; 1889, 
129, 450 R; P. S. 104.) 






1885. 



Repealed, 
in part. 



Chap. 382. 

An Act in relation to the preservation of health in buildings in the 

city of Boston. — June 19, 1885. 
Sects. 2, 3, 4 and 14, 18 amended by St. 1889, c. 450. Ss. 2, and 4 to 

10 inclusive repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. (1889, 450 R; 

P. S. 104.) 



1887. Chap. 219. 

An Act to amend section twenty-three of chapter one hundred and 
four of the public statutes relating to the authority of inspector* 
of factories and public buildings. — April 21, 1887. 
(Sects. 1, 2 repeal St. 1882, c. 266.) 
Repealed. Repealed by St. 1887, c. 276, s. 2; s. 1, substitute. (1882, 266, s. 

4 R; 1887, 276, s. 2; 18S8, 426, s. 14 R.) 

1887. Chap. 276. 
in force. An Act to further amend section twenty- three of chapter one 

hundred and four of the public statutes in relation to the authority 
of inspectors of factories and public buildings. 
(Sect. 2 repeals St. 1887, c. 219.) 



1887. ciiai'. 348. 

• n force. An Act relating to fences and other structures erected to annoy 

and for the abatement of nuisances. — June 2, 1887. 

(P. S. 36, ss. 1 to 9; P. S. 180; 148 Mass. 371, 409; 148 Mass. 410; 
150 Mass. 482.) 



I) I (JEST OF BUILDING LAWS. L5 

Year. 
Chap. 86. 1888. 

An Act to amend an Act relating to safety appliances in hotels 
and public buildings. — March 6, 1888. 

Amended St. 1884, c. 223, s. 2, — which Act was repealed by Repealed. 
St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. (1883, 251 R; 1884, 223 R; 1888, 426 R; 
1894, 481; P. S. 104.) 

Chap. 207. 1888. 

An Act to amend section twenty of chapter one hundred and four 
of the Public Statutes so as to provide for fire-resisting curtains 
in theatres. — April 9, 1888. 

Repealed by St. 1888, c. 426, s. 14. (P. S. 104, s. 20.) Repealed. 

Chap. 316. 1888. 

An Act to regulate the erection and construction of certain build- 
ings. — May 9, 1888. 

Repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. Sect. 1 amended by St. Repealed so 

1893, c. 199, s. 1. (1885, 374 R; 1888, 367 R, 426 R; 1894, 337 R; far as relates 

382, 481; P. S. 104.) Appeal given St. 1890, c. 438; St. 1891, 261. t0 Boston - 

Chap. 367. 1888. 

An Act lo amend chapter three hundred and seventy-four of the 
acts of the year eighteen hundred and eighty-five relating to the 
inspection and construction of buildings in the city of Boston. 
— May 17, 1888. 

The above act was an amendment to St. 18S5, c. 374, which act Repealed, 
was repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. (1885, 374 R; 1888, 316 
R, 42*6 R.) 

Chap. 426. 1888. 

An Act in relation to ways of egress and means of escape from fire 

in certain buildings. — May 29, 1888. 
Sect. 1 to 8, as far as relates to Boston, repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, Repealed. 

s. 138. 
Entire act repealed by St. 1894, c. 481. 
Sect. 14 repeals P. S. 104, ss. 15 to 20; St. 1885, c. 326; St. 1888, 

e. 207, c. 426, s. 2. 
Sects. 5, 12, 14 affect St. 1882, c. 266, ss. 3, 5. 
Sect. 14 affects St. 1887, c. 219. 
Portion (relative to fire-escapes) of St. 1882, c. 266, revised. 1884, 

223 R; 1885, 374 R; 1888, 86 R, 316 R, 367 R; 1890, 307 R, 438 R; 

1891, 261, 302 R; 357, s. 6; 1893, 199 R; 1894, 337 R, 382.) 

Chap. 89. 18S9. 

An Act relating to the use of buildings in the city of Boston for in force. 

stables. — March 8, 1889. 
Sect. 1 amended by St. 1897, c. 300, s. 1. 

Repeals St. 1869, c. 369; St. 1878, c. 192, which was later repealed 
by St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138. 

(1891, 220; 1892, 419, s. 115; 1895, 213; 1896, 332; P. S. 80, 
104.) 



L6 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Year. 
1880. 
in force. 



iss'.l. 
lu force. 



1890. 

In force. 



1890. 



Repealed. 

1890. 

In force. 



1S90. 

In force. 



1891. 

In force. 



1892. 
In force. 



1892. 

In force. 



Chap. 129. 

An Act relating to buildings in the public parks of the city of 

Boston. — March 19, 1889. 
P. S. 54, s. 16 and s. 1885, c. 374 not to apply to the above. 

Chap. 450. 

An Act to amend the acts relating to the inspection and construc- 
tion of buildings and relating to the preservation of health in 
buildings in the city of Boston. — June 7, 1889. 
Sects. 2, 4, 5 to 10 repealed by St. 1S92, c. 419, s. 138. 
Sect. 1 amends s. 15, St. 1885, c. 374, which Act was repealed by 
St. 1892, c. 419, s. 138; this Act also amends St. 1S85, c. 382, ss. 2, 
3, 4, 14, 18. 

(1885, 374 R, 382 R; P. S. 104.) 

Chap. 90. 

An Act in relation to the employment of custodians of elevators. 
— March 13, 1890. 

(1882, 208 R; 1883, 173 R.) 

Chap. 307. 

An Act for the better protection of human life in hotels in case of 
fire. —May 21, 1890. 

Repealed by St. 1894, c. 481. (1894, 341 R; P. S. 104.) 

Chap. 404. 

An Act relating to the regulation and supervision of wires over 
streets or buildings in cities. — June 11, 1890. 

Chap. 438. 

An Act providing for an appeal from the orders of the inspection 
department of the district police. — January 23, 1S90. 
Repealed by St. 1894, c. 481. (1891, 261; P. S. 104.) 

Chap. 323. 

An Act relating to the location, laying out, and construction of 

highways in the city of Boston. — May 11, 1S91. 
Sect. 9 amended by St. 1S92, c. 418, s. 4. 

Chap. 418. 

An Act relating to the location, laying out, and construction of 

highways in the city of Boston. — June 16, 1892. 
Sect. 4 amended St. 1891, c. 323. s. 9. 

Chap. 419. 

An Act relating to the construction, maintenance, and inspection 
of buildings in the city of Boston. — June 10, 1S92. 
This act was amended as follows : 
Sect. 1 by St. 1894, c. 443. 

Sect. 13 by St. 1893, c. 464, s. 1, and St. 1894, c. 443, s. 2. 
Sect. 15 by "s" St. 1894, c. 443, s. 3. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 17 

Sect. 16 by "s" St. 1894, c. 443, s. 4. 

Sect. 17 by St. 1S94, c. 443, s. 5, and "s " St. 1897, c. 413, s. 1. 

Sect. 20 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 6. 

Sect. 21 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 7. 

Sect. 22 by St. 1897, c. 413, s. 2. 

Sect. 23 by St. 1898, c. 308, s. 1. 

Sect. 24 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 8, and "s" St. 1897, c. 413, s. 3, and 
St. 189S, c. 228, s. 1, and substituted by u s" St. 1900, c. 321. 

Sect. 25 by "s" St. 1894, c. 443, s. 9. 

Sect. 27 by St. 1S94, c. 443, s. 10. 

Sect. 28 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 11. 

Sect. 29 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 12. 

Sect. 31 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 13, and St. 1900, c. 271, s. 1. 

Sect. 36 by St. 1896, c. 416, and St. 1898, c. 209, s. 1. 

Sect. 38 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 14. 

Sect. 39 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 15. 

Sect. 41 by St. 1893, c. 464, s. 2, and St. 1894, c. 443, s. 16. 

Sect. 42 by St. 1893, c. 464, s. 3, and "s" St. 1897, c. 413, s. 4. 

Sect. 44 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 17. 

Sect. 46 by St. 1893, c. 464, s. 4. 

Sect. 51 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 18. 

Sect. 52 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 19 

Sect. 55 by St. 1895, c. 280, and St. 1898, c. 284, s. 1. 

Sect. 58 by St. 1897, c. 413, s. 5. 

Sect. 63 by St. 1893, c. 464, s. 5. 

Sect. 65 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 20. 

Sect. 68 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 21. 

Sect. 74 by St. 1893, c. 464, s. 6. 

Sect. 75 by St. 1893, c. 464, s. 7, and St. 1894, c. 443, s. 22. 

Sect. 81 by St. 1895, c. 314. * 

Sect. 86 by "s" St. 1897, c. 413, s. 6. 

Sect. 90 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 23.' 

Sect. 105 by St. 1897, c. 413, s. 7. 

Sect. 106 by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 24.* 

Sect. 107 by "s" St. 1897, c. 413, s. 8. 

Sect. 108 by St. 1895, c. 239, and St. 1897, c. 413, s. 9. 

Sect. 115 by St. 1897, c. 300, s. 2. 

Sects. 116, 117, 118,. 119 by "s" St. 1897, c. 175. 

Sect. 125 by St. 1893, c. 297, s. 1. 

Sect. 127 by St. 1893, c. 297, s. 2. 

Sect. 136 by St. 1893, c. 170. 

Sect. 82 repealed by St. 1893, c. 293, and said St. 1893, c. 293, was 
amended by u s" St. 1897, c. 310 (wbich amendment was a substi- 
tute for the original sect. 82, c. 419, St. 1892), and said St. 1897, 
c. 310, was amended by St. 1900, c. 335, s. 2. 

This Act, in s. 138, repeals P. S. 102, ss. 40 to 53, inclusive ; St. 
1810, c. 124; St. 1869, c. 369; St. 1878, c. 192; St. 1882, c. 252; St. 
1883, c. 173, 251; St. 1884, c. 223; St. 1885, c. 374, 382 — ss. 2 and 4 



* Sect. 106, as amended by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 24, was repealed by " s " St 1S95 
c.97, s.2. 



18 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Ykak. 

to 10, inclusive; St. 1888, c. 316, and c. 426, as far as relates to 
Boston (i.e., s. 1 to 8, inclusive). 

See St. 1860, c. 109; St. 1S82, c. 208, repealed by St. 1894, c. 481, 
St. 1888, c. 86, 367; St. 1889, c. 450, ss. 2, 4; St. 1894, c. 257, 319, 
414; St. 1895, c. 239; P. S. 104. 

(1885, R, 344; 1888, R, 316, R, 367, R, 426; 1889, 89, 129. R, in 
part, 450.) 

1893. Chap. 170. 

in force. An Act relating to the construction, maintenance, and inspection 

of buildings in the city of Boston. —April 7, 1893. 

This Act amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 136. (1893, 293 R, 297, 
414; P. S. 104.) 



1893. 



Repealed. 



Chap. 199. 

An Act relative to the erection and construction of certain build- 
ings. —April 15, 1893. 

Repealed by St. 1894, c. 481, s. 63. Amends St. 1888, c. 316, 
ss. 1-2. 



1S93. 



Repealed. 



Chap. 293. 

An Act relating to the construction, maintence, and inspection of 
buildings in the city of Boston. — May 3, 1893. 

Repealed by St. 1897, c. 310, s. 2, which act was substituted for 
St. 1892, c. 419, s. 82. (1893, 170; P. S. 104.) 



1893. Chap. 297. » 

In force. An Act relating to drain and ventilating pipes used in buildings in 

the city of Boston. — May 3, 1893. 

Amends St. 1892, c. 419, ss. 125, 127. (1893, 170, 464; P. S. 
104.) 

1893. Chap. 312. 

In force. An A ct relating to the repair of private drains in streets or ways. — 

May 4, 1893. 

Adopted by City Council January 4, 1896. 

1893. Chap. 353. 

An Act to abate tbe smoke nuisance in large cities. — May 15, 1893. 
Repealed. Repealed by St. 1895, c. 389. 



1S93. Chap. 462. 
In force. An Act to authorize the establishment of a building line on public 

ways. — June 9, 1< S 93. 

Accepted by City Council of Boston, Oct. 28, 1S93. (1896, 313; 
1897, 379; P. S. 54, 104.) 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 19 

Year. 
Chap. 464. 1893. 

An Act relative to the building laws for the qity of Boston. — In force. 

June 9, 1893. 
Sects. 1, 2, 7, amended by St. 1894, c. 443, ss. 2, 10, 22. 

Amends St. 1892, c. 419, ss. 13, 41, 42, 46, 63, 74, 75. (1893, 
170, 297.) 

Chap. 477. 1893. 

An Act relative to the licensing of plumbers and the supervision of 
the business of plumbing. — June 10, 1893. 

(Inconsistent parts repealed by St. 1894, c. 455.) Extended Repealed 
by St. 1894, c. 455. Affected by St. 1895, c. 453 ; (P. S., 80, 102). in P art - 

Chap. 257. 1894. 

An Act relating to the erection or alteration of structures in the In force, 
city of Boston. —April 16, 1894. 

Chap. 337. 1894 - 

An Act relative to fire-escapes in school-houses. — May 4, 1894. 

Kepealed by St. 1894, c. 481, s. 40. (1888, 316 R; 1893, 199 R; Repealed. 
P. S., 104.) 

Chap. 341. 1894 ' 

An Act for the better protection of human life in lodging houses 
in case of-fire. — May 4, 1894. 

Repealed by St. 1894, c. 481, s. 44. (1884, 223 R; 1890, 307 Repealed. 
R; P. S. 104.) 

Chap. 399. 1894. 

An Act concerning the storage of petroleum or any of its products, in force, 
and the erection and use of buildings therefor. — May 18, 1894. 
(1896, c. 520, P. S., 59.) 

Chap. 414. 1894. 

An Act to regulate public lodging houses in the city of Boston. — in force. 
May 19, 1894. 
(1883, 251, R.) 

Chap. 443. 1894. 

An Act relative to the construction and repair of buildings in the in force. 

city of Boston. — June 1, 1894. 
Sect. 24 repealed by St. 1895, c. 97, s. 2. 
Sect. 13 amended by St. 1900, c. 271, s. 1. 
Sect. 1 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 1. 
Sect. 2 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 13 as amended by St. 1893, c. 4, 

64, s. 1. 
Sect. 3 is a substitute for St. 1892, c. 419, s. 15 
Sect. 4 is a substitute for St. 1892, c. 419, s. 16. 
Sect. 6 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 20. 
Sect. 7 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 21. 
Sect. 8 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 24. 



20 



DIGEST OP BUILDING LAWS. 



Year. 



1894. 

In force. 



Sect. 9 is a substitute for St, 1S92, c. 419, s. 25. 

Sect. 10 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 27. 

Sect, 11 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 28. 

Sect. 12 amends St. IS92, c. 419, s. 29. 

Sect. 13 amends St. 1892*, c. 419, s. 31. 

Sect. 14 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 38. 

Sect. 15 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 39. 

Sect. 16 amends St. 1S92, c. 419, s. 41, as amended by St. 1S93, 

c. 464, s. '_'. 
Sect. 17 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 44. 
Sect. 18 is a substitute for St. 1892, c. 419, s. 51. 
Sect. 19 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 52. 
Sect. 20 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 65. 
Sect. 21 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 68. 
Sect. 22 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 75, as amended by St. 1893, 

c. 464, s. 7. 
Sect, 23 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 90; s. 24 amends St. 1892, 

c. 419, s. 106. 

Chap. 455. 

An Act relative to the licensing of plumbers and the supervision of 
the business of plumbing. — June 6, 1894. 

This Act repeals inconsistent parts of St. 1893, c. 477. 
(1893, 477. Limited, 1895, 453; P. S., 80, 102. ) 

Chap. 481. 

An Act in relation to the inspection of the district police and the 

inspection of buildings. — June 16, 1894. 
Sect. 24 amended by St. 1900, c. 335, s. 1. 

Sect. 63 repeals s. 11, P. S. 103; ss. 1 to 14 inclusive, and ss. 21, 22 
24, P. S., 104; St. 1882, c. 208, 266; St. 1883, c. 173; St. 1S84, c. 52; 
St. 1886, c. 173, 260; St. 188S, c. 113, 399, 426; St. 1890, c. 83, 179, 
307, 438; St. 1891, c. 302; St. 1893, c. Ill, 199, 3S7; St. 1894, c. 337, 
341. 

(1883, 351, R; 1888, 86, E, 316, R; 1894, 499; 1895, 310, 396, 418; 
1898, 167, 261, P. S., 74, 103.) 

Chap. 97. 

An Act relative to the erection and alteration of buildings in the 

city of Boston. — March 7, 1895. 
Sect. 2 repeals St. 1892, c. 419, s. 106, and all acts and amendments, 

and St. 1894, c. 443, s. 24. This Act amended by St. 1899, c. 161, 

s. ll v (1895, ss. 239, 314; P. S., 104.) 



1896. Chap. 213. 

in force. An Act relative to the licensing and regulating of stables in 

cities. — April 4, 1895. 

Amended by St. 1896, c. 332, and St. 1897, c. 300, s. 3. (1899, 
c. 89; P. S., 102.) 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 21 

Year. 
Chap. 227. 1895 - 

An Act relative to laying sewers in private streets. — April 4, 1895. Not in force 
Not adopted by City Council. (1897, 116; P. S., 50.) in Bo8ton - 

Chap. 239. 1896 - ' 

An Act to provide that tenement houses in the city of Boston in force. 
. shall have adequate open spaces. — April 6, 1895. 

Amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 108. (Superseded by St. 1897, c. 413, 
s. 9.) (1895, 97, 314; P. S., 104.) 

Chap. 280. 1895 - 

An Act relative to the erection and alteration of buildings in the In force, 
city of Boston. — April 17, 1895. 

Amended by St. 1898, c. 284, s. 1. Amends St. 1892, c. 419, 
s. 55. (P. S., 104.) 

Chap. 314. 1895. 

An Act relative to means of egress from certain buildings in the t u force, 
city of Boston. — April 2, 1895. 

Amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 81. (1895, 97, 239, 449, s. 24.) 

Chap. 352. 18»5. 

An Act relative to advertising signs and structures encroaching on in force, 
public ways in the city of Boston. — May 2, 1895. 
(1897, 413, s. 6; P. S., 53, 104.) 

Chap. 389. 1895 - 

An Act to abate the smoke nuisance in the city of Boston. — May In force. 
17, 1895. 
Repeals St. 1S93, c. 353. 

Chap. 449. 1895 - 

An Act to revise the charter of the city of Boston. — June 1, Sect. 24. 
1895. In force ' 

Chap. 453. 1895 - 

An Act relative to plumbing. — June 4, 1895. In force - 

Chap. 313. 189G - 

An Act relative to the building line and height of buildings on In force. 
parkways, boulevards and parks. — April 27, 1896. 

Amended by St. 1897, c. 379, s. 1. (1893, 462; P. S., 54, 104.) 

Chap. 416. l 8 »6. 

An Act relative to the construction of buildings in the city of In force- 
Boston.— May 18, 1896. 

Amended by St. 1898, c. 209, s. 1. Amends St. 1892, c. 419, 
s. 36. (P. S., 104.) 



.).) 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



'I 1 \K. 

1897. 

In force. 



1897 

In force. 



1897. 

In force. 



1897. 

In force. 



1897. 
In force. 



1897. 

In force. 



1897, 

In force. 



Chap. 175. 

An Act relative to buildings in the city of Boston. — March 19, 
1897. 

Repeals St. 1892, c. 419, s. 116, 117, 118, 119, and substitutes 
four new sections therefor. 

Chap. 219. 

An Act for the further protection of public health in the city of 
Boston. —April 1, 1S97. 

Amended by St. 1899, c. 222. 

Chap. 265. 

An Act relative to the licensing of gas-fitters and the supervision of 
the business of gas-fitting in the city of Boston. — April 10, 1897. 

Chap. 300. 

An Act relative to the use of buildings for stables. — April 23, 

1897. 
Sect. 1 amends St. 1889, c. 89, s. 1. 
Sect. 2 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 115. 
Sect. 3 amends St. 1895, c. 213, s. 1, as amended by St. 1896, c. 332. 

(1897,428; P. S., 80, 102.) 

Chap. 310. 

An Act relative to the construction, maintenance and inspection 
of buildings in the city of Boston. — April 23, 1897. 

Repeals St. 1893, c. 293, and substitutes St. 1892, c. 419, s. 82 
therefor. 

Chap. 379. 

An Act relative to the building line and height of buildings in 
parkways, boulevards and parks. — May 10, 1897. 
Amends St. 1896, c. 313, s. 1. (1893, 462.) 

Chap. 413. 

An Act relative to the construction, maintenance and inspection 

of buildings in the city of Boston. — May 21, 1897. 
Sect. 1 substitute for St. 1892, c. 419, s. 17, as heretofore amended 

by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 5. 
Sect. 2 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 22. 
Sect. 3 substitute for St. 1892, c. 419, s. 24, as heretofore amended 

by St. 1894, c. 443, s. 8. 
*Sect. 4 substitute for St. 1892, c. 419, s. 42, as heretofore amended 

by St. 1893, c. 464, s. 3. 
Sect. 5 amended St. 1892, c. 419, s. 58. 
Sect. substitute for St. 1892, c. 419, s. S6. 
Sect. 7 amended St. 1892, c. 419, s. 105. 
Sect. 8 substitute for St. 1892, c. 419,- s. 107. 
Sect. 9 substitute for St. 1892, c. 419, s. 108, as heretofore amended 

by St. 1895, c. 239. 

(1895, 239, 352; P. S., 104.) 

♦Amended bj' St. 1898, c. 228, s. 1. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 23 

Year. 
Chap. 463. 1897. 

An Act relative to filing in the registry of deeds notice of pendency in force, 
of certain actions. — June 4, 1897. 

Amends P. S., 126, s. 13, St. 1896, c. 416. (1898, 562, s. 80; P. S., 
126.) 

(This is an act to prevent the fraudulent transfer of buildings 
on which violations of the building law exist.) 

Chap. 209. 1898. 

An Act relative to the construction of buildings in the city of In force. 

Boston. — March 25, 1898. 
Sect. 1 amends St. 1897, c. 413; amends St. 1896, c. 416, which 

act is an amendment to St. 1892, c. 419, s. 36. 

Chap. 228. 1898. 

An Act relative to the construction of school-houses in the city of In force. 
Boston. — March 25, 1898. 

Amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 24, as amended by St. 1897, c. 413, s. 3. 

Chap. 268. 1898. 

An Act to facilitate the inspection of wires in buildings in the city in force, 
of Boston. — April 1, 1898. 

Chap. 284. 1898. 

An Act to exempt school-houses from certain provisions of the act In force. 

relative to the erection of buildings in the City of Boston. — 

April 2, 1898. 
Sect. 1 amends St. 1895, c. 280; also amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 55. 

Chap. 308. 1898. 

An Act relative to the construction, maintenance and inspection of In force. 

buildings in the city of Boston. — April 12, 1S98. 
Sect. 1 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 23. 

Chap. 452. 1898. 

An Act relative to the height of buildings on and near Copley in force, 
square in the city of Boston. — May 23, 1898. 

Chap. 562. Sect. SO. 1898. 

An Act to provide for the registering and confirming titles to land i n force, 
pending suits, judgment, decrees, and petitions. — June 23, 
1898. Took effect Oct. 1, 1898. 

Chap. 161. 1899 . 

An Act relative to erection and alteration of buildings in the city In for , e 

of Boston. — March 17, 1899. 
Sect. 11 amends St. 1895, c. 97, s. 1. 

Chap. 185. 1899. 

An Act to provide for the better enforcement of the building laws in force, 
of the city of Boston. — March 24, 1899. 



24 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Year. 

1S99. 
Iii force. 





1899. 


Ill 


force. 




1S99. 


111 


force. 




1S99. 


111 


force. 




1900. 


111 


force. 



1900. 



1900. 



Chap. 222. 

An Act to provide for the further protection of the public health 
in the city of Boston. — April 1, 1899. 
Amends St. 1897, c. 219, s. 1. 

Chap. 320. 

An Act relative to the regulation of electric wires. — April 29, 1899. 
Amends St. 1890, c. 404, s. 2. 

Chap. 326. 

An Act relative to unauthorized structures in a city or town. — 
May 2, 1899. 

Chap. 457. 

An Act to limit the height of buildings in the vicinity of the State 
House. — June 2, 1899. 

Chap. 271. 

An Act relative to the construction of cellars in the city of Boston. — 

April 27, 1900. 
Sect. 1 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 31, as amended by St. 1894, c. 443, 

s. 13. 

Chap. 321. 

An Act relative to first and second class buildings in the city of 
Boston. — May 16, 1900. 
Substitute for St. 1892, c. 419, s. 24, as heretofore amended. 

Chap. 335. 

An Act to provide for the protection of human life in the case of 

fire or panic. — May 23, 1900. Took effect June 23, 1900. 
Sect. 1 amends St. 1894, c. 481, s. 24. 

Sect. 2 amends St. 1892, c. 419, s. 82 as set out in St. 1897, 
c. 310, s. 1. 

Chap. 348. ( 

An Act to provide for the change of building lines on Lansdowne 
street in the city of Boston. — May 25, 1900. 



GENERAL STATUTES. 

Superseded. G. S. 87. 

Sects. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7. Burnt or dangerous buildings adjudged 
nuisances, how disposed of. Adopted by City Council, May 17, 
1860. 

(Superseded by P. S. 101. 9 Gray, 290, 296, 298; 12 Gray, 89; 14 
Gray, 21; 97 Mass. 122, 593.) 

Superseded G. S. 88. LICENSES AND MUNICIPAL REGULATIONS OF 

POLICE. 

Sects. 31, 32. Livery stables in maritime towns to be licensed. 
(Superseded by P. S. 102, ss. 38, 39.) 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 25 

G. S. 88. 

Sects. 33 to 45. Steam engines, furnaces and boilers. 

(Superseded by P. S. 102, ss. 40 to 53, and said ss. 40 to 53, as Superseded. 
far as they relate to city of Boston, repealed by St. 1892, c. 419, 
s. 138.) 

PUBLIC STATUTES. 

Chap. 101. FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF COMMON NUISANCES. In force. 
Sects. 1 to 5. Burnt or dangerous buildings when nuisances, etc., 
how disposed of. 

Chap. 102. OF LICENSES AND MUNICIPAL REGULATIONS in force. 

OF POLICE. 

Sects. 38 to 39. Relating to stables. 

Sects. 40 to 53. Steam engines, furnaces and boilers. 

(Repealed by St. 1S92, c. 419, s. 138.) Repealed. 

Chap. 104. OF INSPECTION OF BUILDINGS. Repealed. 

Sect. 14. Hoistway openings, etc. 

Sect. 15. Stairways and fire-escapes in factories. 

Sect. 19. Egress from factories. 

Sect. 21. Explosive compounds. 

Sect. 22. Penalties. 

Sect. 23. Power of inspectors not to extend to ; (s. 1 to 14 

inclusive, and ss. 21, 22, 24 repealed by St. 1894, c. 481; s. 23 
amended by St. 1887, c. 176, and c. 276; ss. 15 to 20 repealed by 
St. 1888, c. 426, s. 14; s. 20 amended by St. 1888, c. 207, which 
was repealed by St. 1888, c. 426, s. 14; 1877, 214, ss. 2, 3; 1877, 214, 
ss. 4, 5, 8; 1881, 137, 195; 1882, 208, s. 14; 1885, 326.) 

Chap. 126. In force. 

Sect. 13. General provisions concerning real estate. 
Amended by St. 1897, c. 463, s. 13. 

LAWS AND ORDINANCES (Edition 1867). 

BUILDINGS IN GENERAL. 

Sects. 1 and 6. Relating to notice to be given of intention to build, 
and for erection of wooden buildings in South and East Boston 
under certain limitations, and to brick partition walls in certain 
cases. 

(See Ord. of 1833, Nov. 14, and of 1855, July 14; also of 1850, 
May 16.) 



An Ordinance in relation to the regulation and inspection of 
buildings. Sects. 1 to 12 inclusive. — Passed July 8, 1871. 
(Sects. 2, 3, 4 repealed by Ord. of 1871, Dec, 30.) 



26 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

An Ordinance in addition to an ordinance in relation to the regula- 
tion and inspection of buildings. — Passed Dec. 30, 1871. 
(Repeals ss. 2, 3, 4 of Ord. 1871, July 8.) 

An Ordinance to amend an ordinance in relation to the regulation 
and inspection of buildings. — Passed April 1, 1874. 



In force. 



Iu force. 



I n force. 



REVISED ORDINANCES. 

R. O. 1883, c. 43. OF THE REGULATION OF BUILDING. 

R. O. of 1885, c. 48. OF THE REGULATION OF BUILDING. 

R. O. of 1890, c. 40. " THE DEPARTMENT FOR THE INSPECTION 
OF BUILDINGS." 

R. O. of 1890, c. 48. 

Sects. 16 to 29, inclusive. Regulation of certain trades. Relating 
to plumbing. 

Sects. 30 to 39. Relating to the erection and repair of wooden build- 
ings outside of building limits. 

R. O. 1892, c. 17. "INSPECTION OF BUILDING DEPARTMENT.'" 

R. O. 1892, c. 42. REGULATION OF CERTAIN TRADES. 
Sects. 16 to 29, inclusive. Relating to plumbing. 
Sects. 30 to 39, inclusive. Relating to the erection and repair of 
wooden buildings outside of building limits. 

R. O. 1892, c. 43. PROHIBITIONS AND PENALTIES. 

Sects. 26-27. Relating to plumbing and steam exhausts. 
Sect. 54. Relating to steps, bulkheads, etc., in sidewalks. 
Sect. 99. Wooden buildings. 
Sect. 103. Penalty for violations. 

R. O. 1898, c. 8. BUILDING DEPARTMENT. 

R. O. 1898, c. 45. REGULATIONS FOR TRADES, BUILDING, ETC. 
Sect. 5. Petroleum, camphor, burning fluid and naphtha. 
Sect. 27. Building limits defined. 
Sects. 28 to 39. Wooden buildings outside the building limits. 

R. O. 1898, c. 47. PROHIBITIONS AND PENALTIES. 

Sect. 16. Buildings to be provided with sufficient water-closets. 

Sect. 17. Ashes and cinders, how kept. 

Sects. 27-28. Steam exhausts and waste water from sinks, etc. 

Sects. 29-30-31. Drains. 

Sect. 36. Not to raise or lower merchandise, except. 

Sects. 51-52-54-55-56. Openings in and excavations of streets. 

Sect. 99. Bituminous coal. 

Sect. 100. Erection and alteration of wooden buildings. 

Sect. 104. Number of buildings. 

Sect. 105. Penalty for violations. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



27 



REVISED REGULATIONS OF THE BOARD OF 
ALDERHEN, 1898. 

Chap. 1. DEFINITIONS. 

Chap. 6. PROHIBITIONS AND PENALTIES. 
Sect. 27. Moving of buildings through streets. 
Sects. 32-33. Projections over streets. 
Sect. 34. Penalty for violations. 



In force. 



28 DIGEST OP 1 BUILDING LAWS. 



STATUTES 



KELATIXG TO 



INSPECTION AND CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS 
IN THE CITY OF BOSTON. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 



CHAPTER 419 OF 1892. 

AX ACT RELATING TO THE CONSTRUCTION, MAINTENANCE 
AND INSPECTION OF BUILDINGS IN THE CITY OF 
BOSTON. 

This Act was Approved June 16, and went into effect July 16, 1892. 
CREATION OF DEPARTMENT. 

Bunding Section 1. There shall be in the city of Boston a de- 

department, J 

chap. 443, §i, partment, to be called the building department, which shall 

6^'is95 aP ' 449, ^ e f urn i sne d; at the expense of the city, with office room 

and such supplies for the transaction of its business as the 

city council may provide. The compensation of its officers 

shall be provided for by said city by ordinance. 

CHIEF OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT. 

Qualifications g ECT> o. The chief officer of said department shall be 

of commis- 
sioner, called the building commissioner, and shall be either an archi- 
tect, builder or civil engineer, and shall be appointed by 
the mayor and confirmed by the board of aldermen. He 
Term of office shall hold office for the term of three years or until his suc- 
sioner. cessor shall be appointed and confirmed, but may be re- 
cnap.449, moved by the mayor for malfeasance, incapacity or neglect 

§24, 1895. J J i J » 

of duty. 

Note. — [Chapter 443, of 1894, amending Chapter U9, of 1892.] An ad relative to the 
construction and repairof buildings inthecityof Boston. Wetfl into effect Julj l, 
1894. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 2!) 



OTHER OFFICERS. 

Sect. 3. The other officers of said department shall Term of office 

x of clerk and. 

consist of a clerk and such number of building inspectors other officers. 
and civil engineers as the city council may from time to 18 ^ v ' 
time by ordinance determine. All of said officers shall be 
appointed by the commissioner, with the approval of the 
mayor, and shall hold office during good behavior ; but may 
be removed by the commissioner, with the approval of the 
mayor, for malfeasance, incapacity or neglect of duty. 

Sect. 4. None of the aforesaid officers of the department 
shall be employed or engaged in any other business, or be 
interested in any contract for building or for furnishing 
materials to be used for building in the city of Boston. 

deputy commissioner. 
Sect. 5. In case of the temporary absence or disability When deputy 
of the commissioner he may appoint one of the building in- pointed, 
spectors as his deputy, and such deputy shall, during such Chap - 449 ' § 24 ' 
absence or disability, exercise all the powers of the com- 
missioner. . 

CLERK OF DEPARTMENT. 

The clerk of the department shall, under the direction of clerktoha 7 

* ' management 

the commissioner, have supervision and direction of the other of department 
officers and employees of said department. • 1895( ' 

DUTIES OF THE DEPARTMENT. 

Sect. 6. The commissioner shall keep a record of the Records to be 
business of said department, submit to the city council a nua i report' 
yearly report of such business, ascertain all facts and make all submittedt0 

^ <j l c j t y council. 

returns required by law relative to steam-boilers, 1 and enter, chap. 449, §24, 

if necessary, upon the premises wherein any fire has occurred, 

in order to investigate the origin of the fire. He may re- Plaris aud 

• , . specifications 

quire plans and specifications of any proposed erections or to be sub- 
alterations of buildings, to be filed with him, and shall grant mltted - 
permits for such erections or alterations, when in conformity 
with the requirements of this act. 

1 See Public Statutes, Chapter 11, Section 92. See St. 1882, c. 252, § 5. 
See St. 1885, C. 374, § 6. 



30 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

Record of vio- Sect. 7. The commissioner or his assistants shall examine 

lations to be 

made. all buildings in the course of erection or alteration, as often 

l89 g P " ' : ' as practicable, and make a record of all violations of this act, 
with the street and number where such violations are found, 
the names of the owner, architect and master mechanics, and 
all other matters relative thereto. 

Records to be Sect. 8. The commissioner or his assistants shall examine 

made of build- .,•,.,,. ii n ni^ 

ings damaged all buildings reported dangerous or damaged by fire or acci- 
by are or acci- (j erL f anc [ m ake a record of such examinations, stating the 

dent. n 

chap, no, § 24, nature and amount of such damage, the name of the street 
and number of the building, the names of the owner and oc- 
cupant, and the purpose for which it is occupied, and in case 
of fire the probable origin thereof; shall examine all build- 
ings for which applications have been made for permits to 
raise, enlarge, alter, build upon or tear down, and make a 
record of such examination. The records required by this 
section shall always be open to the inspection of the en- 
gineers of the fire department or any officer of the city, and 
of any other parties the value of whose property may be 
affected by the matters to which such records relate. 

Building in- Sect. 9. The building inspectors shall attend all fires 

spectors to ..,,.. . . 

attend fires, occurring in the districts to which they are respectively 
i895 P ' * 49 ' § M ' assi g ne d; shall report to the chief or assistant engineer of 
the fire department, and present all information they may 
have relative to the construction and condition of the prem- 
ises on fire, and of the adjoining buildings. 
Engineers to Sect. 10. It shall be the duty of the engineers, upon the 
tions of request of the commissioner or of the board of appeal herein- 

strengthof a ft er provided, to make all necessary computations as to the 

materials, etc. F «/ j. 

chap. 449, §24, strength of materials, and to furnish expert assistance with 
regard to the mode of construction of any building subject to 
the provisions of this act. 

PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS. 

Plans and Sect. 11. The commissioner shall not give a permit for the 

siH'ci lioiitious 

of public build- erection of any building until he has carefully inspected the 
™ g8 t0 ^, e U ! e ?,' plans and specifications thereof, ascertained that the build- 

Chap. 44!», § 24, i *■ 

1895. ing has sufficient strength, and that the means of ingress and 

egress are sufficient. A copy of the plans and specifications 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 31 

of ever} 7 public building shall be deposited in the office of the 
commissioner. The commissioner may require any applicant 
for a permit to give notice of the application to any persons 
whose interest may be affected by the proposed work. 

BOARD OF APPEAL. 

Sect. 12. There shall be in said Boston a board, to be creation of 
called the board of appeal from the building commissioner, b 3 °[^ dof ap ~ 
which board shall consist of three members to be appointed chap. 449, § 24 

P ,, ' 1895. 

as follows : — 

One person, who shall be appointed by the mayor, with to consist of. 
the approval of the board of aldermen, and who shall hold 
his office for three years from the date of his appointment. 

One architect, who shall be appointed, with the approval Term of office * 
of the mayor, by the Boston chapter of the American so- 
ciety of architects, such appointment being duly certified 
by the proper recording officer of said chapter, and who 
shall hold his office for two years from the date of his 
appointment. 

One master builder, who shall be appointed, with the ap- 
proval of the mayor, by the Master Builders' Association, 
such appointment being duly certified by the proper record- 
ing officer of such association, and who shall hold his office 
for one year from the date of his appointment. The terms 
of the several members of said board shall be three years 
each, after the expiration of the first terms. 

Any member of said board may be removed by the mayor compensation 
for malfeasance, incapacit}' or neglect of duty. Each mem- 
ber of said board shall be paid by the city a compensation 
of five dollars for each hour of actual service, but not ex- 
ceeding one thousand dollars per annum. The reasonable 
expenses of said board, including clerical assistance and 
office expenses if required, shall be paid by the city of 
Boston. No member of said board shall sit in a case in 
which he. is interested, and incase of such disqualification, 
or of the necessary absence of any member, the two other 
members shall appoint a substitute. If two or more mem- 
bers are so disqualified or absent, the commissioner shall ap- chap. 449, § 24, 
point one substitute, the appellant another, and the two so 1895, 
appointed shall, if necessary, appoint a third. 



61 DIGEST OP BUILDING LAWS. 

whenappeaia Sect. 13. Any applicant for a permit from the building' 

may be made. , *~ 

commissioner required by this act, whose application has been 

section-. 1 . refused, or any person who lias been ordered by the commis- 
Chap. -143, 1894. . . . 

sioner to incur any expense, may, within fifteen days after 

chap. 449, § 24, being notified of such refusal or order, appeal from the de- 

L895. ° . . 

Cbap. 464, § i, cision of the commissioner by giving to the commissioner 
notice in writing that he does so appeal. Any person, the 
value of whose property may be affected by work to be done 
under any permit granted by the building commissioner, may, 
within three days after the issuing of such permit, appeal by 
giving to the commissioner notice in writing that he does so 
appeal. All cases in which appeals have been taken as above 
provided shall be referred to the board of appeal, and said 
board shall, after hearing, direct the commissioner to issue his 
permit under such conditions, if any, as they may require, 
or to withhold the same. In such cases as are not provided 
for in this act, and in allowing the use of constructive ma- 
terials not mentioned in this act, and only in such cases, the 
board of appeal may exercise discretionary powers. When- 
ever the commissioner shall have rendered a decision involv- 
ing the construction and effect of any portion of this act, any 
citizen of Boston may obtain the opinion of the board of ap- 
peal as to the true construction of the language under which 
said decision was rendered, in the following manner: Such 
citizen shall file with the board of appeal an application in 
writing for such opinion, setting forth the language concern- 
ing which an opinion is desired, and also a statement, if 
practicable, of the construction adopted by the commissioner. 
Such application must be filed within ninety days of the date 
of the decision referred to. The board shall, after notice to 
the commissioner and such further notice and hearing as they 
may deem proper, place upon their records for public inspec- 
tion, and send to said commissioner, a written statement of 
their opinion as to the true meaning and effect of the lan- 
guage set forth in the application, and said commissioner 
shall thereafter conform to said opinion in issuing permits. 
All expense arising from proceedings to obtain an opinion of 
the board, as above provided, shall be paid by the applicant. 
Sect. 14. Any member of the board of appeal and any 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 33 

officer of the building- department may, so far as may be 
necessary for the performance of his duties, enter any build- 
ing or premises in the city of Boston. 

PERMITS. 

Sect. 15. Hereafter in the city of Boston no building Permits re- 
shall be erected or altered, and no building damaged by fire ^1^^ ^ w 
or other casualty shall be repaired or restored to its former terations, etc. 
condition, and no work which impairs the strength or in- Section 3, 

L ° _ Chap. 443, 1894. 

creases the fire risk of any wall, structure, or building shall C]ia U9 ,,- 2i 
be done, except upon a permit from the commissioner, and in 1895. 
conformity with the provisions of this act : provided, how- Exemptions. 
ever, that this act shall not apply to bridges, quays, or 
wharves, or buildings on land ceded to the United States. 

Sect. 16. Any alteration made in a structure shall con- section 4, 
form to the provisions of this act for a new structure ; but if ap ' 
the alteration to be made is of such extent as, when done, Alterations to 
to practically produce a new structure or impair the stability ^bunding"! 
or increase the fire risk of the structure as a whole, then the 
entire structure shall be made to conform to the provisions 
of this act for a new structure. A building damaged by fire Buildings dam- 
or other casualty may be repaired or restored so as to con- ^* b J re x . e 
form to its original condition, or may be reconstructed in paired, when, 
certain or all of its parts, so as to conform to the require- Chap. 449, §24, 
ments of this act for new buildings, as the commissioner, 
with the approval of the board of appeal, may specify in 
his permit. 

definitions. 

Sect. 17. In this act the following terms shall have the Alteration, 
meaning's respectively assigned to them: — " Alteration " § °> Chap - 
means any change or addition. "Cellar" or "basement" is cellar or 
a lower story of which one-half or more of the height from Dasement - 
the bottom of the story to the under side of the floor joists 
of the story next above is below the mean grade of all the 
streets, or the mean grade of the natural ground adjoining 
the building : provided, that said grade of the ground is not Sect. 1, chap, 
below the grade of the street at the principal front. " Com- 

Composite 

posite building means a building part second class and part building. 
third class construction, and such buildings may be erected 



34 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

outside the building limits, with the approval of the building 
sect. 24, chap, commissioner: provided, that the portion constructed second 
440, i«95. class conforms to all the requirements of law relating to sec- 

ond class buildings of like character or use, and the portion 
constructed third class conforms to all requirements of law 
relating to third class buildings of like character or use. 
Dwelling. a Dwelling " means a building used as a residence by not 
more than two families above the first story, nor by more 
than three families in any case, and " dwelling," " dwelling 
houses ? ' and " dwellings," in sections thirty-one, thirty-six, 
thirty-seven and fifty-five of this act mean and include tene- 
Extemai wall, ment and lodging houses as defined in this act. " External 
wall " means every outer wall or vertical enclosure of a 
building other than a party wall. "First class building" 
means a building of fireproof construction throughout. 
Foundation. "Foundation" means that portion of a wall below the level 
of the street curb, or, where the wall is not on a street, 
means that portion of the wall below the level of the highest 
ground next to the wall ; but foundations of party or parti- 
tion walls may be construed by the commissioner to mean 
that portion below the cellar floor. 
Foundations to All foundations hereafter built or repaired shall be laid 
mortar. with mortar, as provided for in section nineteen of this act, 

Height of and no foundation shall be laid dry. "Height of a build- 
ing " means the vertical distance of the highest point of the 
roof above the mean grade of the curbs of all the streets or 
the mean grade of the natural ground adjoining the building, 
if the said grade of ground is not below the grade of the 
Height ot wan. curb. "Height of a wall" means the height from the mean 
grade of the ground adjoining the wall, to the highest point 
inspector. of the wall. " Inspector " means the inspector of buildings 
Lodging of the city of Boston. " Lodging house " means a building 

'"'""' in which persons are accommodated with sleeping apart- 

ments, and includes hotels and apartment houses where cook- 
Party waii. mg j s not done in the several apartments. " Part}' wall " 
means every wall used, or built to be used, as a separation of 
Partition waii. two or more buildings. "Partition wall" means any interior 
Repairs. wall of niasi >nry in a building. "Repairs" means any recon- 

struction or renewal of any existing part of a building, or .of 



DIGEST OF BUILDING MffS. 35 

its fixtures or appurtenances, which does not lessen the 
strength or increase the fire risk of the building, and is not 
made, in the opinion of the commissioner, for the purpose of 
converting the building in whole or in part into a new one. 
"Second class building" means all buildings not of the first second class 
class, the external and party walls of which are of brick, 
stone, iron or other equally substantial and incombustible 
material. "Story of a building" means that portion of a story of a 
building between the top of any floor beams and the top of ulldlng - 
the floor beams next above. "Tenement house " means a Tenement 
building which, or any portion of which, is occupied, or ouse ' 
intended to be occupied, as a dwelling by more than three 
families living independently of one another and doing their 
cooking upon the premises; or by more than two families 
above the first story so living and cooking; and includes 
apartment houses, family hotels and flat-houses, where families 
are so living and cooking. " Thickness of a wall " means the Thickness of 
minimum thickness of such a wall. "Third class building" rhird class 
means any wooden frame building. tyiiidmg. 



THIRD CLASS BUILDINGS WITHIN BUILDING LIMITS. 

Sect. 18. The city of Boston may from time to time, by city of Boston 
ordinance, extend the building limits in said city, and may ^n^g. 6110 
establish other limits in any districts of said city, and within limits, 
such limits every building built after the establishment 
thereof shall be 'of the first or second class, and only the 
following third class structures shall be allowed, viz. : 

The wharves and sheds on wharves not exceeding twenty- Height of, 

. o J limited. 

seven feet in height. sheds on 

° wharves. 

Sheds not exceeding the same height to be used for market sheds for mar- 
purposes, or to facilitate the building of authorized build- b ^^ B# 

illO'S. Coal and grain 

elevators. 

.^levators of any height, for the storage of coal and grain, to be covered 
but all external parts of said sheds and elevators shall be ^ rith ™ com - 

r bustible ma- 

COVered with slate, tile, metal, or other equally incombusti- teriai. 

ble material, and their mode of construction and location construction 

iiii i • tci • • of to be ap- 

snall be sumect to the approval of the commissioner. proved by the 

*- L commissioner. 

Chap. 449, § 24, 
1895. 



36 



DIGEST OF BU1LD1XG LAWS. 



STRENGTH OF MATERIALS. 

Sect. 19. The stresses in materials hereafter used in con- 
struction, produced by the calculated strains due to their 
own weight and applied loads, shall not exceed the fol- 
lowing : — 

TIMBER. 

Stresses in Pounds per Square Inch. 



On Extreme Fibre. 


Shearing along 
Grain. 


Compression Perpen- 
dicular to Grain. 


White pine and spruce, 750 

White oak 1,000 


80 v 
150 
100 


150 
250 


Yellow pine (long-leaved), . . 1,250 


250 



Stresses due to transverse strains combined with direct 
tension or compression, not to exceed extreme fibre stresses 
given above. 

Deflection. — Modulus of Elasticity. 

White pine, . . . . . . . 750,000 

Spruce, 900,000 

Yellow pine (long-leaved j, .... 1,300,000 

White oak, . '860,000 

For Posts with Flat Ends. 
The stresses given in the folloAving table, in which L = 
length of post, D = least diameter of post, and S = stress 
per square inch. 



White Pine and Spruce. 


Long-leaved. 


Yellow Pine. 


White Oak. 


n 

D 


S 


L 
D 


S 


S 


to 10 

45 " 50 


625 
500 
375 
250 


to 15 
15 " 30 
30 "40 
40 " 45 
45 " 50 


1,000 
875 
750 
625 
500 


750 
650 
560 
470 
375 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



WROUGHT IRON AND STEEL. 
Stresses in Pounds per Square Inch. 



w.i. 



Steel. 



Extreme fibre stress, rolled beams, and shapes, 

Tension, 

Compression in flanges of built beams, 

Shearing, 

Direct bearing, including pins and riverts, . . . 
Bending on pins, 



12,000 
12,000 
10,000 
9,000 
15,000 
18,000 



16,000 
15,000 
12,000 
10,000 
18,000 
22,500 



For columns and members acting as such., ten thousand 
for iron and twelve thousand for steel, reduced for ratio of 
length of column to its least radius of gyration by approved 
modern formulas. 

Stresses due to transverse strains, combined with direct 
tension or compression, not to exceed extreme fibre stress 
given above for rolled beams and shapes, or in case of built 
members the above tension and compression stresses. 

Compression flanges of beams to be proportioned to resist 
lateral flexure unless properly stayed or secured against 

same. 

Deflection. — Modulus of Elasticity . 
Iron, ........ 27,000,000 

Steel, 29,000,000 

Stresses for steel are those for " Medium Steel," having an 
ultimate tensile strength of 60,000 to 68,000 pounds per 
square inch, an elastic limit of not less than 35,000 pounds 
per square inch, and a minimum elongation in eight inches of 
twenty per cent. 

CAST IRON. 

Stresses in Pounds per Square Inch. 
Extreme fibre stress, tension, .... 2,500 
Extreme fibre stress, compression, . . . 8,000 

For Columns. 
The stresses given in the following table, in which L = 
length of column in feet, D = external diameter, or at least 
side of rectangle in inches, and S == stress in pounds per 
square inch. 



38 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Bound Columns. 



Square 

Faced 

Bearings. 



Round and 

Faced 
Bearings. 



1.0 ... 

1.1 ... 

1.2 ... 

1.3 ... 

1.4 ... 

1.5 ... 
l.G ... 

1.7 ... 

1.8 ... 

1.9 ... 

2.0 ... 

2.1 ... 

2.2 ... 

2.3 ... 

2.4 ... 

2.5 ... 

2.6 ... 

2.7 ... 

2.8 ... 

2.9 ... 

3.0 ... 

3.1 ... 

3.2 ... 

3.3 ... 

3.4 ... 



8,480 
8,210 
7,940 
7,670 
7,390 
7,120 
6,850 
6,580 
6,320 
6,060 
5,810 
5,580 
5,340 
5,120 
4,910 
4,710 
4,510 
4,330 
4,150 
3,980 
3,820 
3,660 
3,520 
>>,o80 
3,250 



7,870 
7,540 
7,200 
6,870 
6,540 
6,220 
5,910 
5,620 
5,330 
5,060 
4,810 
4,570 
4,340 
4,120 
3,910 
3,720 
3,540 
3,370 
3,210 
3,060 
2,920 
2,780 
2,660 
2,540 
2,430 



Round 
Bearings 



7,350 
6,970 
6,590 
6,220 
5,860 
5,530 
5,200 
4,900 
4,620 
4,350 
4,100 
3,870 
3,650 
3,440 
3,250 
3,080 
2,910 
2,760 
2,620 
2,480 
2,360 
2,240 
2,130 
2,030 
1,940 



Rectangular Columns. 



Square 

Faced 

Bearings. 



Round and 

Faced 
Bearings. 



8,810 
8,600 
8,380 
8,140 
7,910 
7,670 
7,430 
7,190 
6,960 
6,730 
6,490 
6,270 
6,050 
5,S30 
5,620 
5,420 
5,230 
5,040 
4,860 
4,680 
4,520 
4,350 
4,200 
4,050 
3,910 



8,320 
8,030 
7,740 
7,450 
7,160 
6,870 
6,590 
6,310 
6,040 
5,780 
5,530 
5,280 
5,050 
4,830 
4,620 
4,410 
4,220 
4,040 
3,870 
3,700 
3,540 
3,390 
3,250 
3,120 
2,990 



Round 
Bearings. 



7,870 
7,540 
7,200 
6,870 
6,540 
6,220 
5,910 
5,620 
5,330 
5,060 
4,810 
4,570 
4,340 
4,120 
3,910 
3,720 
3,540 
3,370 
3,210 
3,060 
2,920 
2,780 
2,660 
2,540 
2,430 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 39 

STONEWORK. 
Stresses in Tons of Tivo Thousand Pounds per Square 

Foot. 
First quality, dressed beds and builds, laid solid in cement 
mortar. 
Gxanite, ......... 60 

Marble and limestone, . . . . . .40 

Sandstone, . . . . . . . . .30 

In cases where poorer mortar is used, to avoid stain from sect. 24, 
cement, stresses to be less than above, and to be approved by 
commissioner. 

In ashlar faced work, no allowance over strength of brick- 
work is to be made for ashlar less than eight inches thick. 
For eight inches thick and over, the excess over four inches 
shall be allowed. 

BRICKWORK. 

Stresses in Tons of Two Thousand Pounds per Square 

Foot. 

First class work, of hard burned bricks, and including 
piers in which height does not exceed six times the least 
dimensions, laid in — 

(«) One part cement, two parts sand, . . .15 

(5) One part cement, one part lime and eight parts 

sand, . . . . . . . .12 

(c) Lime mortar, ....... 8 

Brick piers of hand burned bricks, in which height is 
from six to twelve times the least dimension. 

Mortar "a," 13 

Mortar « b," 10 

Mortar " c," .7 

For " light hard " bricks, stresses not to exceed two-thirds 
of above. 

IN GENERAL. 

Stresses for materials and forms of same, not herein 
mentioned, shall be those determined by best modern au- 
thorities. 



40 DIGEST OL^ BUILDING LAWS. 

QUALITY OF MATERIALS. 

'"'"' satlsfac - All materials are to be of good quality for the purpose for 
tory i" com- ° * J *- x 

missioner. which they are to be used, are to conform to legal, trade, 
l895 p " ' and manufacturers' standards, and to be subject to the ap- 

proval of the commissioner. 

MORTARS. 

How made. ^H niortars shall be made with such proportion of sand 

Chap. 449, § 24, _ L L 

1895. as will ensure a proper degree of cohesion and tenacity, and 

secure thorough adhesion to the material with which they are 
to be used, and the commissioner shall condemn all mortars 
not so made. The following rules must be complied with : — 

Beiow level oi Mortar below level of water shall be no poorer than one 

water. 

part cement and two parts sand. 
For first class Mortar for first class buildings shall for one-half their 

buildings. 

height be no poorer than one part cement, two parts sand, 
above, equal parts of cement and lime, and the proper pro- 
portion of sand. 
For second Mortar for second class buildings, and for such parts of 

class buildings. 

third class buildings as are below the level of the sidewalk, 
shall be no poorer than equal parts of lime and cement, with 
a proper proportion of sand. 

Mortar for third class buildings above ground shalb be no 
poorer than the best lime mortar. 

Exceptions by the commissioner may be made for mortar 
used in setting stone where cement will stain. 



For third class 
buildings. 



THIRD CLASS BUILDINGS WTTHLN BUILDING LIMITS. 

when ti.ey can Sect. 20. No alteration or repairs shall be made on 

not be rebuilt. ^ . . „ ... 

any third class building withm the building limits without 

Chap. 443, 1894, a permit from the building commissioner, and no permit 

Ch'a , 1(9 . H to increase the height or area of any such building shall be 

granted. No permit for the alteration or repair of a third 

class building within the limits shall be granted if the cost 

of the proposed alteration, using new materials, exceed nft} r 

per cent, of the cost of renewing the building. 

Cannot be Sect. 21. No third class building within or without the 

mot ed, when. 

Chap. 443, 1894, building limits shall be moved fco any position within said 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. I I 

limits, except that a third class building within said limits Section 
may be moved to another po 
mission of the commissioner. 



may be moved to another position on the same lot, by per- im v ' 



POWERS OF CITY COUNCIL. 

Sect. 22. The city council of said city may by ordinance May regulate 

. , . ».,,.. . .,. the construc- 

make such, requirements, m addition to those contained m tion an( i a ]ter- 
this act, as they may deem expedient in relation to the atlon of , * bird 

J J L class buildings 

erection and alteration of third class buildings outside the without the 

-, . n -.. -, . .. building limits, 

building limits. Section 2, 

Chap. 413, 1897. 

Approved, 
FIRST CLASS BUILDINGS. May 21,1897. 

Sect. 23. A first class building shall consist of non- Chap. 308, i898. 
inflammable material throughout, with floors constructed of jj^.™^ iggs. 
iron or steel beams filled in between with terra cotta, or to consist of 

non-inflamma- 

other masonry arches, except that wood may be used tor bie material 

under and upper floors, window and door frames, sashes, tbrou 8' hout - 

doors, standing finish, hand rails for stairs, necessary sleepers 

bedded in concrete, and for isolated furring blocks bedded in 

the plaster. There shall be no air space between the top of 

any floor arches and the floor boarding, and no air space 

behind any woodwork. And all such buildings hereafter warehouses, 

stores for 

erected which are used above the first floor as warehouses or storage and 
stores for the storage or sale of merchandise shall not exceed sal ^°* *° e „ x " 

o ceed 100 feet m 

one hundred feet in height, and shall be so divided by brick height, 
partition walls of the thickness prescribed for bearing parti- 10000 sq _ leet 
tion walls, and carried thirty inches above the roof, that no in area, 
space inside any such building shall exceed in area ten 
thousand square feet. 

Sect. 24. Every building in the city of Boston here- chap.443, 

P , . , „ . , . , , Section 8, 1894. 

after erected or raised to over seventy feet m height, or cnap.413, 
erected within the building limits of said city as a permanent ?? ctlon A' ] s ^l' 

& j \- Chap. 228, 1898. 

school house, shall be a first class building. Every building chap. 321, 1900. 
in said city hereafter erected, enlarged or converted to use as 70feeti n 
a hotel or lodging house, or as a tenement house for more height to be 

first class. 

than two families above the second story, shall be a first 

J Hotels, tene- 

class building; and every building of not more than four ment and lodg- 
stories above the cellar or basement, and not more than fifty ^font class. 
feet in height, in said city, hereafter erected, enlarged or 



42 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

Tenement converted to use as a tenement house for two families or less 
may B be second above the second story, may he a second class building, but 
<' la ss. shall be plastered on incombustible materials from wall to 

wall and from floor to ceiling in each story. 



HEIGHT OF BUILDINGS. 

Chap. 44G, 1894, Sect. 25. No building or other structure hereafter 

Section 9. ° 

BuUdings not erected, except a church spire, shall be of a height exceed- 
hei'i?? times m S two an ^ one-half times the width of the widest street on 
width of which the building or structure stands, whether such street 

street, nor 125 . . , 

feet is a public street or place, or a private way existing at the 

passage of this act or thereafter approved as provided by 
law, nor exceeding one hundred and twenty-five feet in any 
case : such width to be the width from the face of the build- 
ing or structure to the line of the street on the other side, or 
if the street is of uneven width, such width to be the 
average width of the part of the street opposite the build- 
" ing or structure. If the effective width of the street is in- 
creased by an area or set-back the space between the face of 
the main building and tlv lawfully established line of the 
street may be built upon .he height of twenty feet. 

EXCAVATION. 

Neighboring Sect. 26. Every portion of every structure in process of 

structures to . 

he sufficiently construction, alteration, repair or removal, and every neigh- 
supporterlur- boring structure or portion thereof affected by such process, 
ing construe or by any excavation, shall be properly constructed and suf- 

tion. Chap. . ~. . . 

449, § 24, 1895. ficiently supported during such process. 1 he commissioner 
may take such measures as the public safety requires to 
carry this section into effect, and any expense so incurred 
may be recovered by the city from the owner of the defec- 
tive structure. 

PILING. 
To be spaced Sect. 27. Where the nature of the ground requires it, 
tathJliirec- all buildings shall be supported on foundation piles, not 
uonoi wan. t j ian t i iree f eet apart on centres in the direction of the 

Chap. 443, § 10, x 

1894. wall, and the number, diameter and bearing of such piles 

chap. 449, §24, shall be sufficient to support the superstructure proposed. 

L895. . 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 43 

The walls of buildings over seventy feet in height shall rest, Buildings over 

° ° ' 70 feet in 

where the nature of the ground permits, upon at least three height to have 

ox a three rows of 

rows of piles, or an equivalent number of piles arranged in f^cutthigoff 
less than three rows. The commissioner shall determine the determined by 

commissioner. 



grade at which the piles shall be cut. All piles shall be pnestobe 
capped with block granite levellers, each leveller having a granite levei- 
firm bearing on the pile or piles it covers. The commis- 

& . . . . Nature of 

sioner may require any applicant for a permit to ascertain ground to be 

J - 1 j l l r ascertained by 

by boring the nature of the ground on which he proposes to borin s- 
build. 

FOUNDATIONS. 

Sect. 28. The walls and piers of every building shall Tobe4f eetbe - 

A . low surface ex- 

have a foundation, the bearing of which shall be not less posed to frost. 

than four feet below any adioining surface exposed to frost, Chap - 443 > Sec_ 

f J ° r ' tion 11, 1894. 

and such foundation, with the superstructure which it sup- 
ports, shall not overload the material on which it rests. 

Sect. 29. The building commissioner shall designate in Grade of base- 
every permit for the erection of a new building, the lowest cw^ r8 g ec . 
grade at which the cellar bottom of such building may be tion 12 > 1894 - 

, Chap. 449, § 24, 

iaid. 1895. 

Sect. 30. Foundations shall be built of rubble, block Rubble toun- 

,.,.. .,,. . . dations, when 

granite or brick laid m mortar, as provided m section nine- allowed and 
teen. Foundation walls of rubble shall not be used in build- h owtobebuiit. 

- Chap, 449, § 24, 

ings over forty feet in height, except third class buildings 1895. 
outside the limits. Where rubble is used, two-thirds of the 
bulk of the wall shall be built of through stone, thoroughly 
bonded. No round or boulder stone shall be used, and if the Round or 
foundation is on piles, the lower course shall be of block not allowed, 
stone not under sixteen inches high. Foundations of rubble 
shall be twenty-five per cent, thicker than is required for 
granite foundations. Foundations of block granite shall be at Foundations of 

. block stone, re- 

least eight inches thicker than the walls next above them to a quireiaents 
depth of twelve feet below the street grade; and for every or ' 
additional ten feet, or part thereof, deeper, they shall be 
increased four inches in thickness. Foundations of brick foundations of 

brick, require- 

shall be at least twelve inches thick, and at least four inches mentsfor. 
thicker than the walls next above them to a depth of twelve 
feet below the street grade; and for every additional ten 



44 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

feet or part thereof, deeper, they shall be increased four 
inches in thickness. Foundations shall be thick enough to 
resist any lateral pressure, and the commissioner may order 

Footings. an increase of thickness for that purpose. The footing shall 
be of stone or concrete, or both, or of concrete and stepped-up 
brickwork, of sufficient thickness and area to safely bear the 
weight to be imposed thereon, and to properly distribute 

if of concrete, such weight upon the surface on which it rests. If of con- 
crete, the concrete shall not be less than twelve inches 

if of stone. thick. If of stone, the stones shall not be less than sixteen 

inches in thickness, and at least twelve inches wider than 

the bottom width of the foundation walls, and at least twelve 

inches wider on all sides than the bottom width of any piers, 

columns, or posts resting upon them. All footing stones shall 

when stepped- j-^ we [\ beclcled, and laid crosswise, edge to edge. If stepped- 
up footings of _ o o i jr 

brick are used, up footings of brick are used in place of stone, above the con- 
crete, the steps or offsets, if laid in single courses, shall each 
not exceed one and a half inches ; or if laid in double courses, 
then each shall not exceed three inches. 

CELLARS. 

cellar bottoms, S ect. 31. The cellar of every dwelling hereafter built 

how laid. J ° 

chap. 443, § 13, on filled or made land, or where the grade or nature of the 

ground requires, shall be sufficiently protected from water 

and damp by a bed at least two inches thick over the whole, 

of concrete, cement and gravel, tar and gravel, or asphalt, 

or by bricks laid in cement. . The space between any floor 

cellar or base- and the cellar bottom shall be well ventilated. No cellar or 

to be laid i.eiow basement floor of any building shall be constructed below 

grade 12. ^h e ^rade of twelve feet above mean low water : provided, 

Proviso. ° -* 

Chap. 449, §24, however, that the board of aldermen may, by license, subject 
Cb.ap.27i 1900. ^° revocation by them at any time for sufficient reason of 
April 27, 1900. public health, authorize cellars no parts of which are to be 
used as living or sleeping rooms, to be constructed so much 
below said grade as they may designate in such license. All 
metal Inundations and all constructional ironwork under 
ground shall he protected from dampness by concrete, in 
addition to two coats of red lead, or other material approved 
bv the commissioner. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. I ."> 



EXCAVATIONS. 

Sect. 32. All excavations shall be so protected, by sheet Tobeprotected 

.,.' .j , ,, , » , by sheet piling 

piling ii necessary, by the persons causing the same to be whenneces- 

made, that the adjoining soil shall not cave in by reason of sary ' 
its own weight. It shall be the duty of the owner of every 
building to furnish, or cause to be furnished, such support 
that his building shall not be endangered by any excavation : 
provided, that the owner of any building which is endan- 
gered by an excavation carried by an adjoining owner more 
than ten feet below the grade of the street, may recover the 
expense so caused of supporting such building from the 
parties causing such excavations to be made. All permanent Permanent ex- 
excavations within the building limits shall be protected by protected by 
retaining walls. In case of any failure to complv with the retainin » 

° ... walls. 

provisions of this section, the commissioner may enter upon chap. 449, § 24, 
the premises and may furnish such support as the circum- 1895- 
stances may require. Any expense so incurred may be 
recovered by the city from the parties required by law to 
furnish support. 

QUALITY OF BRICKWORK. 

Sect. 33. All brickwork shall be of merchantable, chap. 449,"§ 24, 
well shaped bricks, well laid and bedded, with well filled 1S95 " 
joints, in mortar, as required by section nineteen, and well 
flushed up at every course with mortar. Bricks when laid 
shall be wet or dry, as the commissioner may direct. 

WALLS HOW LAID. 

Sect. 34. All walls of brick, stone or other similar waiistobe 
material shall be well built, properly bonded and tied, and P ro P erlv and 

r J- •> ' securely 

laid with mortar, as required by section nineteen. The bonded and 
inside four inches of any wall may, upon a special permit 

,,. . . . , Chap. 449, § 24, 

issued by the commissioner, be built of hard burnt, hollow, 1895. 
clay bricks, of quality and dimensions satisfactory to the com- 
missioner, and thoroughly tied and bonded into the wall. 

BONDING COURSES. 

Sect. 35. Every eighth course, at least, of a brick wall Every eighth 

, ., , , ... course a bond- 

Shall be a heading or bonding course, except where walls ing course. 



46 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



are faced with face brick, in which, case every eighth course 
shall be bonded with Flemish headers, or by cutting the 
corners of «the face brick and putting in diagonal headers 
behind the same. 



Chap. 416, 1896. 
Chap. 209, 1898- 
Approved 
March 23, 1898. 
Twenty ft. by 
40 ft., 33 ft. 
high, may have 
8-in. walls. 
23 by 55 ft., 
36 ft. high, 
external walls 
8 in.; party 
walls 12 in. 
When 1st story 
used for 
store, external 
walls to 
be 12 in. to top 
of 2d floor. 
Buildings 
36 ft. to 60 ft., 
walls not less 
than 12 in. in 
thickness. 
60 ft. to 70 ft., 
16 in. top 2d 
lloor, 12 in. 
above. 

Seventy ft. to 
80 ft., 20 in. to 
top 2d floor, 
16 in. to top 
upper floor, 
12 in. above. 
Over 80 ft. 



EXTERNAL AND PARTY WALLS OF FIRST AND SECOND 
CLASS BUILDINGS USED FOR DWELLING HOUSES. 

Sect. 36. The external and party walls above the foun- 
dation of dwelling houses of the first or second class, hereafter 
built, not over twenty feet wide, or thirty-three feet high, or 
forty feet deep, shall be not less than eight inches thick. 
For such buildings exceeding said dimensions and not over 
twenty-three feet wide, or thirty-six feet high, or fifty-five 
feet deep, external walls shall be not less than eight inches 
thick and party walls shall be not less than twelve inches 
thick. In case such buildings are to be used for store pur- 
poses the external walls thereof to the top of the second floor 
timbers shall be not less than twelve inches thick. The 
external and party walls of dwellings of the first or second 
class hereafter built over thirty-six feet, but not over sixty 
feet high, shall be not less than twelve inches thick. Such 
walls of such dwellings sixty feet or over, but not over 
seventy feet high, shall be sixteen inches to the height of the 
top of the second floor, and twelve inches for the remaining 
height. Such walls of such dwellings seventy feet or over, 
but not over eighty feet high, shall be twenty inches to the 
top of the second floor, sixteen inches to the top of the upper 
floor, and to within fifteen feet of the roof, and twelve inches 
the remaining height. Such walls of such dwellings of 
eighty feet or more in height shall have for the upper eighty 
feet the thickness required for buildings between seventy and 
eighty feet in height, and every section of twenty-five feet or 
part thereof below such upper eighty feet shall have a thick- 
ness of four inches more than is required for the section next 
above it. 



EXTERNAL AND PARTY WALLS OF FIRST AND SECOND 
CLASS BUILDINGS OTHER TITAN DWELLING HOUSES. 

Sect. 37. The external and party walls above the foun- 
dation of every building of the first or second class hereafter 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 47 

built, other than dwellings, forty feet or less in height, shall Forty ft. or less 

' ° ' J & ' in height, liiin. 

be sixteen inches thick to the top of second floor, and twelve to 2d floor, 
inches for the remaining height. Such walls of such build- 12 
ings of forty feet or over, but not over sixty feet in height, 6 o°ft.%oin.to 
twenty inches to the top of second floor, sixteen inches the 2d floor ' 16 in - 

J x above. 

remaining height. Such walls of such buildings of sixty feet 
or over, but not over eighty feet high, twenty-four inches to so ft., u in. to 
the top of the. first floor, twenty inches to the top of the upper t0 uppe r floor! 
floor, and to within fifteen feet of the roof, and sixteen inches and t0 within 

' . . 15 ft. of roof, 

above. Such walls of such buildings of eighty feet or more in i6 in. above, 
height shall have for the upper eighty feet the thickness Over so ft. 
required for buildings between seventy and eighty feet in 
height, and every section of twenty-five feet or part thereof 
below such upper eighty feet shall have a thickness of four 
inches more than is required for the section next above it. 

VAULTED WALLS 

Sect. 38. Vaulted walls shall contain, exclusive of Construction 
withes, the same amount of material as is required f or chap. 443, § u, 
solid walls, and the walls on either side of the air space in a 
wall carrying a floor shall be not less than eight inches 
thick, and shall be securely tied together with ties not more 
than two feet apart. 

WALLS WITH ASHLAR. 

Sect. 39. In reckoning the thickness of walls ashlar Ashlar 

. . . . to be 4 in. 

shall not be included unless it be at least eight inches thick, in thickness at 
In walls required to be sixteen inches thick or over the full p^p'gX neld 
thickness of the ashlar shall be allowed ; in walls less than b y metal 
sixteen inches thick only half the thickness of the ashlar chap. 443, § 15, 
shall be included. Ashlar shall be at least four inches 1894- • 
thick, and properly held by metal clamps to the backing, 
or properly bonded to the same. 

IRON OR STEEL EXTERNAL WALLS. 

Sect. 40. External walls may be built in part of iron or To be of suni- 
steel, and when so built may be of less thickness than is andiire* 61 ^ 
above required for external walls, provided such walls meet P roof ed. 
the requirements of this act as to strength, and provided 



48 



DIGEST OF HOLDING LAWS. 



thai all constructional parts art' wholly protected from heat 
by brick or terra cotta, or by plastering three-quarters of an 
inch thick, with iron furring and wiring. 



PARTY AND BEARING PARTITION WALLS OF FIRST AND 
SECOND CLASS BUILDINGS. 

To be of hri.-u Sect. 41. In first and second class buildinp'S all party 

and metal. ' ° x J ' 

lathed or pins- and bearing partition walls above the foundation shall be of 
chap °464 W §2 - Dr i°k 5 an d no such party or partition wall shall hereafter 
1893 - be furred with wood, but all such walls if plastered, shall be 

Approved 

June 9, 1893. plastered on masonry or on metal lathing : provided, that 
Chap. 443, § 16, WQ0C | | urrm for nailine's inav be bedded flush in mortar, 
leaving no air space behind any woodwork. No wall in any 
second class building shall be increased in height unless the 
entire building is so altered as to conform to the require- 
ments of this act. 



PARTY AND PARTITION WALLS. 

In all buildings hereafter built all party walls 



To be carried SECT 42 

above roof,and 

metal-covered, and the partition walls required by this act shall be built 
1S g3 P ' through, and at least thirty inches above or distant from 

Approved 
June 9, ls93. 



Gutter stone. 
Chap. 413, § 4, 

1S97. 

May 2], 1897. 



the roof boarding, at the nearest point; shall be entirety 
covered with stone or metal securely fastened, and corbelled 
to the outer edge of all projections : provided, that a gutter 
stone of suitable dimensions and properly balanced may be 
inserted in place of the corbelling; and provided, further, 
that in the case of buildings not over forty-five feet in height 
the distance that any wall is carried above the roof boarding 
need not exceed twelve inches. 



In externa] 
walls. 



EXTERNAL WALL OPENINGS, RECESSES, AND BUTTRESSES. 

Sect. 43. When openings or recesses, or both, occur in 
an external wall, or when buttresses are used, the piers shall 
be of sufficient strength to comply with the clauses of this 
act prescribing strength of materials, and not less in thickness 
than is above specified, and no other portion of the wall shall 
be less than twelve inches thick in buildings under seventy 
feet in height, or less than sixteen inches thick in buildings 
seventy feet or over in height. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS." 49 

RECESS, CHASE OR FLUE IN FARTY WALLS. 

Sect. 44. No recess, chase or flue shall he made in any Thickness o 
party wall so deep that it will leave the thickness at the notiesfthan 
hack less than eight inches at any point, and no recess, sin. at any 
chase or flue not vertical shall be made without the special chap'. 449, § 24, 
permit of the commissioner. No vertical recess, other than *® 95 :. , 

J- Vertical re- 

flues, in stacks, shall be nearer than seven feet to any other cesses to be not 

, , ., -jj-,1 •• *n nearer than 7 

recess, unless by speciaf permit of the commissioner. Afi ft t0 one 
flues in a partv wall shall be lined with terra cotta flue another - 

r Chap. 443, § 17, 

li nine's. 1894. 



TRUSSES, COLUMNS AND GIRDERS. 

Sect. 45. First and second class buildings hereafter Floor -bearing 
built shall have floor bearing supports not over thirty feet not over 8 so* «* 
apart. These supports may be brick walls, trusses or apart, 
columns and girders. Such brick walls may be four inches such supports 
less in thickness than is required by this act for external J benotVess 8 ' 
and party walls -of the same height, provided they comply than 12 in. 
with the provisions of this act as to the strength of materials, 
but in no case less than twelve inches thick. When trusses when trusses 
are used, the walls upon which they rest shall be at least t^te at least * 
four inches thicker than is otherwise required bv sections 4 in. thicker 

,..,,. ,, ,, „ than otherwise 

thirty-six and thirty-seven, for every addition of twenty-five required, 
feet or part thereof to the length of the truss over thirty 
feet. 



BRICK PARTITION WALLS, WHEN NECESSARY. 

Sect. 46. Second class buildings hereafter built shall Areas not to 

. exceed 8,000 

be so divided by brick partition walls of the thickness pre- S q. ft. 
scribed for bearing partition walls, and carried thirty inches ^f' 464, § 4 * 
above the roof, that no space inside any such building shall Approved 
exceed in area eight thousand square feet, and no existing 
wall in any second class building shall be removed so as to 
leave an area not so enclosed, of more than eight thousand 
square feet : provided, that in buildings having a height of 
not over forty-five feet, the height above the roof of the said 
brick partition walls need not exceed twelve inches. 



50 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



WALLS HOW ANCHORED. 

Tobeanchored Sect. 47. All walls of a first or second class building 

everj 10 ft. ° 

meeting at an angle shall be united every ten feet of their 

height, by anchors made of at least two inches by half an 

inch wrought iron securely built into the side or partition 

walls not less than thirty-six inches, and into the front and 

rear walls at least one half the thickness of such walls. 

OPENINGS IN PARTY WALLS. 

To be not over Sect. 48. Openings or doorways in party walls or in 

two openings . ' 

to each story, partition walls required by this act shall not exceed two in 

openings not number for each floor, an d the combined area of such open- 
to exceed 100 r 

sq. it. ings on each floor shall not exceed one hundred square feet. 

with double Each opening must be provided with two sets of metal 

metal-covered C0V ered doors separated by the thickness of wall, hung to 

rabbeted iron frames, or to iron hinges in brick or iron 

rabbets: provided, that this section shall not apply to 

theatres. 

COLUMNS. 

To rest on caps Sect. 49. Every column shall rest upon a cap or plate 

or plates. 

chap. 449, § 24, sufficient to properly distribute the load. Columns set one 
Bearin ar ts above another shall have proper connections. All bearing 
to be planed to parts of columns or plates shall be turned or planed to true 

true surface. „ ~. . . , , , 

To be drilled surfaces. 1 he commissioner may require columns to be 



for inspection drilled for inspection. 

when required. ■*- 



iquired. 

PIERS. 

Shall have caps Sect. 50. Piers and walls shall have caps or plates, 

or plates. 

where needed, sufficient to properly distribute the load. 

EIRE-PROOFING. 

in brick build- Sect. 51. All weight bearing metal in first and second 

ings all weight ° , 

bearing metal class buildings hereafter built shall be protected by brick, 
Soote? terra cotta , or plastering on metal laths or furring, or other 

cbap.443,§ is, incombustible material approved by the board of appeal: 
Chap. 449, § 24, provided, however, that the commissioner may, with the ap- 
1S95 - proval of the board of appeal, authorize the omission of such 

protection from the whole or any part of said weight bearing 
metal in one story structures, or in buildings specially de- 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 51 

signed and constructed for a use which will destroy, nullify, 
or render useless such form of protection. 

Sect. 52. Isolated upright supports of other material In Brick buil , d - 

10 ■*■ x ingsall upright 

than brick, below the first floor in first and second class supports to be 
buildings hereafter erected, shall be protected by a jacket of q^am* §19, 
brick or terra cotta, at least four inches thick, or by a coat- li94 - 
ing of plaster one inch thick on wire or metal lathing, or 
other substantial fire proof material. 

FLOOR BEARING PARTITIONS. 

Sect. 53. Partitions supporting floors or roofs shall rest Floor bearing 

partitions to 
Upon gridei'S, trUSSeS Or Walls. rest on girders, 

trusses or 

CORNICES. WallS ' 

Sect. 54. Where a wall is finished with a stone cornice, cornices to i>e 
the greatest weight of material of such cornice shall be on ^e^ter-jail *" 
the inside of the face of the wall. All cornices hereafter 
built or replaced shall be of brick or other incombustible 
material, and the walls shall be carried up to the boarding 
of the roof ; and where the cornice projects above the roof 
the masonry shall be carried up to the top of the cornice and 
covered with metal, like parapet walls. 

FLOORS. 

Sect. 55. All new or renewed floors shall be so con- to be con. 
structed as to carry safely the weight to which the proposed ^ent to safely 
use of the building will subject them, and every permit carry the 
granted shall state for what purpose the building is designed which tney w m 
to be used ; but the least capacity per superficial square foot, ^^280*1895 
exclusive of materials, shall be : — Approved 

For floors of dwellings, fifty pounds. 

For office floors, one hundred pounds. 

For floors of public buildings, except school houses, one Chap. 284, 1898. 
hundred and fifty pounds. April 2^1898. 

For floors of school houses, other than the floors of assem- 
bly rooms, eighty pounds ; and for the floors of the assembly 
rooms, one hundred and fifty pounds. 

For store floors, floors of warehouses and mercantile build- 
ings of like character, drill rooms and riding schools, at 
least two hundred and fifty pounds. 



02 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

Chap. 449, § 24, -p^g weight for floors not included in this classification 

1395. ° 

shall be determined by said commissioner, subject to appeal 
as provided by law. 
Floors notto Sicct. 56. In every building hereafter built or altered, 

be loaded be- i n i i -, i ...-,. n « 

yond their there shall be posted and maintained m every room used for 
( ' a| ' ; ' (,tv - mechanical or mercantile purposes, the commissioner's cer- 

Chap. -M'.i, §-24, _ . . 

i8!i5. tificate of the weight bearing capacity of the floor. No part 

of any floor of such room shall be loaded beyond its capacity 
as certified. 

ROOF AND FLOOR TIMBERS. 

To be sepa- Sect. 57. All roof or floor timbers entering the same 

rated by 4 in. . ° 

of brickwork, party wall from opposite sides shall have at least four inches 

solid brick work between the ends of said timbers. 
Roof a U d floor Sect. 58. The ends of all wooden floor or roof beams in 

beams to enter 

waii at least second class buildings shall enter the wall to a depth of at 
4 in., or have i eas t f our inches, unless the wall is properly corbelled so as 

a bearing at ' L L J 

least 4 in. to give a bearing of at least four inches; and the ends of all 
1S9-. ' ' such beams shall be so shaped or arranged that in case of 

Approved ^ £ re they may fall without injury to the wall. 

Sect. 59. Each floor in first or second class buildings 

Floor beams to & 

be tied to walls shall have its beams so tied to the walls and to each other 
other. with wrought iron straps or anchors at least three-eighths of 

an inch thick by one and one-half inch wide as to form con- 
tinuous ties across the building not more than ten feet apart. 
Walls running parallel or nearly parallel with floor beams 
shall be properly tied once in ten feet to the floor beams by 
iron straps or anchors of the size above specified. 

headers and trimmers. 

when to be Sect. 60. Every wooden header or trimmer more than 

irons. four feet long, carrying a floor load of over seventy pounds 

per square foot, shall, at connections with other beams, be 

Tail beams to hung in stirrup irons, and joint bolted. All tail beams, and 

be hung in 

stirrup irons, similar beams of wood, shall be framed or hung in stirrup 
irons. All iron beams shall have proper connections. 

PIPING. 

Piping. Sect. 61. Cutting for piping or other purposes shall not 

be done so as to reduce the strength of the supporting parts 
below that required by the provisions of this act. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 53 

TIMBERS AND FURRING AROUND CHIMNEYS. 

Sect. 62. No part of any floor timber shall be within woodwork not 
two inches of any chimney. No studding or furring shall chimneys 16 ' 1 
be within one inch of any chimney. 

FIRE STOPS. 

Sect. 63. Every second class building hereafter built, Fire stops to 
except as hereinafter provided, shall have a sufficient fire e£ f C h floor, 
stop at each floor, covering the whole floor of each story ^ a P- 464 ' § 5> 
through all stud partitions, and extending to the masonry Approved 
walls. Every air duct, except those expresslv sanctioned 

d *- \. j To cover whole 

by this act, shall be effectually stopped at each story, floor through 
Every such fire stop shall consist of a solid, air-tight cohe- f 10 Vwaii to" 8 
sive layer, at least one inch thick, of tile, brick, terra cotta waI1 - 
or like fire made material, plaster, cement, cinder or ashes, til^brick ° 
or of a combination of the same, or of equally non-inflam- terracotta, 

• i plaster, ce- 

mable, non-heat conducting materials laid between the ment, cinder 
upper and under floors, or occupying all the space between ^ ^an^non in 
the timbers under the under floor : provided, that all second flammable, 
class buildings hereafter erected, of forty-five feet or more duc tin" ma- 
in height, which are used above the first floor as storage terials - 
stores, warehouses or stores for the storage and sale of tv ° een up pe r 
merchandise shall have a tight splined or tongued and and under 
grooved under floor of at least two inch plank, with an Tono - ue dand 
upper floor one inch thick, matched and breaking joints, and grooved floors, 

6tc. wIigh 

in such buildings fire stops need not be used ; and in all required, 
second class buildings of the character described, all stair- 
ways shall be enclosed in walls or shafts of non-inflammable 
material, and all openings in said walls or shafts shall be 
provided with metal covered doors hung to rabbeted iron 
frames with iron thresholds. The foot of each partition, Footings of 
and of each tier of studding or furring, shall be filled solid to^ave Are 0118 
between the uprights to the full width thereof, and to the et °P 8 - 
height of six inches above the floor, with the same incom- 
bustibles, as above prescribed for fire stops or some combina- 
tion thereof. The spaces between such parts of floor joists 
as rest upon partition heads shall be filled with the materials 
above required.- The spaces between stringers of staircases 



5 I DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

staircases to ami joists of landings, unless unceiled, shall be so stopped 
5 tops. w ^ some of the incombustibles above-mentioned, at three 
places at least in every flight of stairs, as to prevent the 
passage of air. 

EOOFS. 

Roofs of cer- Sect. 64. No part of the roof of any first or second class 

tain buildings ' . • 

not to pitch building hereafter built over sixty feet high, to be used tor 



mercantile, manufacturing or storage purposes, or as a 



over 20 
degrees. 

chap. 440, § -24, theatre, hotel, apartment house or office building, shall have 

1^95. 

J ' „ a pitch of over twenty degrees. All new or renewed roofs 

Koofs to carry I J o 

a load of 25 shall be so constructed as to bear, safely, in addition to the 

tichii foot in weight of the material, twenty-five pounds per superficial 

foot of area covered with proper additional allowance for a 

weight of L L 

materiai and horizontal wind pressure of thirty pounds per square foot. 

All thin glass skylights upon roofs shall be covered by a 

wire netting, when in the opinion of the commissioner such 

protection is needed. 

Roofs to be Sect. 65. The roof of every second class building here- 

covered with .,.,.. -, 

non-combusti- after built shall be covered with tin, iron, slate, gravel, 

materia 3 ) 115 composition or like substantial roofing material not readily 
Chap. 443, §2 0, inflammable; if such roof comprises more than one story, or 

1894 

is over twentv feet in height in any part from the nearest 

"N"ot to exceed. v 

20 ft. in height, floor, except in a church or drill shed one story in height, in 
which the top of the first floor is not more than six feet above 
the grade at the building, such roof shall be of the construc- 
tion required for first class buildings. 



METALLIC LEADERS. 

Mater not to Sect. GQ. All buildings over forty-five feet high shall 
w;i ik.' have suitable water-tight metallic leaders, and all buildings 

shall have leaders sufficient to carry all the water to the 
street, gutter or sewer, in such a manner as not to flow upon 
the sidewalk, or to cause dampness on any wall, yard or 
area. 

OBSERVATION stands. 
Sect. 67. No staging or stand for observation purposes 
shall be constructed or occupied upon the roof of any build- 
ing in said city. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 55 



CHIMNEYS. 

Sect. 68. No chimney shall be corbelled from a wall Nottobecor- 

J belled from 

more than the thickness of the wall, nor be hung from a wall wan more than 
less than twelve inches thick, nor rest upon wood. All wa ij^ u e s rrest 
chimneys shall be built of brick, stone or other incombustible upon wood. 

" ' . Chap. 443, § 21, 

material. Brick chimneys shall have walls at least eight 1894. 

inches thick, unless terra cotta flue linings are used in, which 

case four inches of brickwork ma}" be omitted. Other walls of chim- 

chimneys shall have walls at least eight inches thick, and shall least 8 in. thick. 

have in addition a lining of four inches of brickwork, or a 

terra cotta flue lining. The inside of all brick flues shall cwmneystobe 

o plastered on 

have struck joints. No wood furring shall be used against brickwork or 

. . , . . n , , on metal lath- 

any chimney or around any chimney in a first or second class ing# 

building, but the plastering shall be directly on the masonry 
or on metal lathing. All chimneys shall be topped out at q^ 6 ^ ^ 6 ^ 
least four feet above the highest point of contact with the roof at least, 
roof. No nail shall be driven into the masonry of any chim- 
ney. 

FLUES. 

Sect. 69. Flues of ranges and boilers, and other similar 
flues, shall have the outside exposed to the height of the 
ceiling, or be plastered directly upon the bricks. 

hearths and trimmer arches. 
Sect. 70. All hearths shall be supported by trimmer How to be 
arches of brick or stone ; or be of single stones at least six suppor e 
inches thick, built into the chimney and supported by iron 
beams, one end of which shall be securely built into the 
masonry of a chimney or an adjoining wall, or which shall 
otherwise rest upon incombustible support. The brick Backs of flre " 

x rl places to be at 

jambs of every fireplace, range or grate opening shall be at least 8 in. 
least eight inches wide each, and the backs of such opening's 

. . 16 Hearths to be 

shall be at least eight inches thick. All hearths and trim- 12 in. wider 
mer arches shall be at least twelve inches longer on either ^^openings 
side than the width of such openings, and at least eighteen 0l fireplaces, 
inches wide in front of the chimney breast. Brickwork over 
fireplaces and grate openings shall be supported by proper 
iron bars, or brick or stone arches. 



56 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



HEIGHT OF CHIMNEY FLUES. 



Every chimney flue in which soft coal or wood 



when son coai Sect. 7 
burned. is burned shall be carried to a height sufficient to protect 

neighboring buildings from fire and smoke. 



Not to project 
through exter- 
na) walls or 
windows. 
When passing 
through 
wooden parti- 
tions to have 
soapstone 
collar, etc. 
Not to be 
placed within 
8 iu. of wood- 
work unless 
protected by a 
metal shield, 
etc. 

Heating fur- 
naces set in 
brick, how 
constructed. 

Heatine; fur- 
naces not set 
in brick, how 
constructed. 



Hot air regis- 
ter boxes, how 
placed. 



Hot air pipes, 
etc., to tie at 
least one Inch 
from wood- 
work. 

Chap. 44!), § -24 
1895. 



HOT AIR AND SMOKE PIPES AND REGISTER BOXES. 

Sect. 7 2. No smoke pipe shall project through any ex- 
ternal wall or window. No smoke pipe shall pass through 
any wooden partition, without a soapstone ring of the thick- 
ness of the partition, and extending four inches from the 
pipe, or a double metal collar of the thickness of the parti- 
tion, with a ventilated air space of not less than four inches 
around the pipe ; nor shall be placed within eight inches of 
any wood unless such wood is plastered and protected by a 
metal shield two inches distant from the wood, in which case 
the smoke pipe shall not be less than six inches from the 
wood. The tops of all heating furnaces set in brick shall be 
covered with brick, supported by iron bars, and so constructed 
as to be perfectly tight; said covering to be in addition to 
and not less than six inches from the ordinary covering of 
the hot air chamber. The tops of all heating furnaces not 
set in brick shall be at least eight inches below the nearest 
wooden beams or ceiling, with a shield of tin plate "made 
tight, suspended not less than two inches below such beams 
or ceiling, and extending one foot beyond the top of the 
furnace on all sides. All hot air register boxes hereafter 
placed in the floors of partitions of buildings shall be set in 
soapstone or equally incombustible borders not less than two 
inches in width, and shall be made of tin plate, and have 
double pipes and boxes properly fitted to the soapstone. 
Hot air pipes and register boxes shall he at least one inch 
from any woodwork, and register boxes fifteen inches by 
twenty-five inches, or larger, and their connecting pipes 
shall be two inches from any woodwork. The requirements 
of this section may be modified or dispensed witli by the 
commissioner in first class buildings. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 57 



WOODWORK AROUND METAL PIPE. 

Sect. 73. No woodwork shall be placed within one inch Woodwork to 

x be kept at 

of any metal pipe to be used to convey heated air or steam, least one inch 

i i • • , I i i n from hot air 

unless such pipe is protected by a soapstone or earthen ring or gteam . 
or tube, or a metal casing. etc - 

SETTING OF BOILERS, FURNACES, ETC. 

Sect. 74. No boiler to be used for steam heat or motive when located 
power, and no furnace or hot water heater shall be placed how t0 be 
on any floor above the cellar floor, unless the same is set on P laced - 

. . . Chap. 449, § 24, 

non-combustible beams and arches, and in no case without a i89o. 
permit from the commissioner. Every steam boiler in a Permitt08et 

required. 

building to be used for office, mercantile or manufacturing Boilers to be 
purposes, or to be used as a lodging or tenement house, shall enclosed in 
be enclosed in a fireproof room of brick, terra cotta, stone, room, 
iron or other similar incombustible material, with openings ^ 8 93 P " 464 ' § 6 ' 
closed by metal covered doors, hung to rabbeted iron frames, Approved 

.... . . , - T June 9, 1693. 

or to iron hinges m brick or iron rabbets. JNo range, stove, „ ... . 

o o ' ' Permit to set 

oven or boiler shall be used for cooking in a hotel or restau- ranges, etc., 
rant, or for manufacturing purposes, until the same has been 
examined and approved by the commissioner. 

exterior parts of second class buildings. 

Sect. 75. In every second class building' hereafter Exterior parts 

° ° of second class 

erected, all exterior parts more than f ortv-five feet above the buildings to be 

■»■ «• constructed of 

sidewalk, except window frame sashes and blinds, shall be ma° e m iaL 8tible 
made of metal, stone, brick or other equally incombustible Vs93 P ' 46 *' § 7 ' 

• i Approved 

material. June 9, 1893. 

Chap. 443, § 22, 
SHUTTLES. 1894 - 

Sect. 76. Outside openings of the classes hereinafter when re- 
specified, in any first or second class building of more than qmre 
one story in height, hereafter built or altered, and contain- 
ing above the first story any room of over six hundred feet 
area, used for any purpose, except domestic cooking, of 
greater lire risk than offices, counting rooms and dwelling 
rooms, shall be protected by shutters. Such shutters shall How con- 
be covered on both sides with tin or made of other substan- 
tial fire resisting material, and hung on the outside, if practi- 



58 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

cable, and otherwise on the inside either upon independent 
iron frames, or upon iron hinges rabbeted to the masonry, 

and made to be handled from the outside. The above re- 
quirement shall apply to any opening in any such building. 
which opening is above and within thirty feet of the roof 
of another building, or within thirty feet of another opening 
in an opposite wall, or in a wall the outside face of which 
diverges at an angle of less than one hundred and thirty-five 
degrees from the outside face of the wall in which the open- 
ing is and leaves an open space between the openings and 
outside of the Avails. 

ELEVATORS AND HOlSTWAYS. 

when not SECT. 77. Elevators or hoists for freight which do not 

above first , . .. 

floor level. pass the ceiling of the first story may be constructed without 

sle T a " fireproof enclosures above the basement. In existing build- 
tors may be J- ° 

placed in areas ings or in buildings hereafter erected in compliance with 
this act, freight and passenger elevators without fireproof 
enclosures may be placed in areas or hallways which are 
continuous and unbroken, no part being separated from 
another part by an intervening floor : provided, that no ad- 
ditional draught of air is thereby created. In such buildings 
such elevators may pass through the first floor of any area or 
hallway: provided, a fireproof enclosure be carried up to the 

ah shafts here. fi rst fl oor- Except as above provided, all shafts hereafter 

alter built to be L L 

constructed of built for elevators, hoists, dumb-waiters, lifts, light and 
ventilating shafts or other air ducts, shall be constructed 
of, and if they do not pass the upper floor, their tops shall 
be covered with some substantial material not inflammable. 
All such shafts which pass the top floor shall be carried at 

betiniined. least eighteen inches above the roof and be covered with 
;i skylight. Snch shafts already constructed, except lifts 
twenty-eight inches square, or of less area and except in 
dwelling houses to be occupied by not more than one family, 
shall be lined with tin or plastered on wire lathing, or other- 
wise rendered non-inflammable on the inside. Such shafts 
hereafter built for freight and passenger elevators shall be of 
brick at least eight inches thick, or of metal covered on both 
sides with at least, one inch of plaster applied immediately to 



non-inflamma 

ble material. 



Shafts alreadj 
constructed to 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 59 

the metal, or with some other equally substantial non-inflam- 
mable non-conducting material. Every entrance opening in Openings into 

i • • i • i lice i ,i shaits to be 

a shaft or hoistway within two and one halt feet above the protected. 

floor shall be protected by sufficient rails, gates, trapdoors or 
such other device as shall be equivalent thereto. Every ele- 
vator shall be provided with some other sufficient arrange- safety stop to 

i /. it ci • i- • i be provided. 

ment to prevent the tailing ot the car in case oi accident. 

Overhead elevator machinery shall have underneath it a 

grille sufficient to protect the car from falling material. 

Every opening into an elevator shaft or hoistway, and every openings into 

opening through a floor other than a stairway, shall be closed bedosed when 

when not in use. All inside elevator shaft openings, other uot ln U8e - 

than openings in passenger elevator shafts, shall be furnished 

with metal covered doors hung to rabbeted iron frames, and 

shall have iron thresholds, and said doors shall be kept External win- 

_._ . „ dows oi' shafts 

closed when not m use. Outside windows or openings oi to have three 

. vertical red- 

every elevator shaft shall have three vertical iron bars painted painted iron 

J x bars. 

red, equally dividing the opening. Every part of any elevator when wire 
not enclosed in a shaft shall be protected by a wire grille. quired.' * 



Sect. 78. No elevator shall be used in any building until to^used 



not 
sed un- 



after written approval by the commissioner. chap. P 44°9l§ d 24, 

Sect. 79. In case any freight or passenger elevator is 1895 ' 

. . . . . Use of, to be 

not constructed and furnished in compliance with this act, or prohibited 
has become unsafe, the commissioner shall post a conspicu- ^ h ®° ™*\ ^ 
ous warning and prohibition at each entrance to such elevator. l ^ 5 - 
It shall thereafter, until a new written permit is given by the 
commissioner, be a penal offence hereunder to operate said 
elevator, or remove or deface said notice. No freight or Elevator to be 

-, . i n i , n f ,i • inspected semi- 

passenger elevator shall be operated tor more than six annua rjyi) 7 

months after the date of the commissioner's permit, unless a an ele ™tor 

biiilder, and 

certificate signed by some elevator builder that the elevator his certificate 
is safe and in good order has been furnished within six pog^dinthe 
months, and is posted in the car or at the entrance. car - 

ACCESS TO ROOFS. 

Sect. 80. All buildings over twenty feet high shall have Permanent 
permanent means of access to the roof from the inside. The gtaTrVrequired 
opening shall be not less than eighteen inches by thirty t0 r00fs - 
inches. 



60 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



EGRESS. 

when re- Sect. 81. Every building' hereafter built, and every 

quired. ,.■,,. -, , . . 

Chap. 314, 1895. building occupied by two or more families, or as a tenement, 
t nu°4 i*'io boarding or lodging house, or as a factory or workshop, 
Chap. 449, § 24, shall have, with reference to its height, condition, construe- 

1S95 

tion, surroundings, character of occupation, and number of 
occupants, sufficient means of egress in case of fire, satisfac- 
tory to said commissioner. 

Sect. 82. No building two stories or more in height 
hereafter erected in the city of Boston, and no such building 
in said city not used at the passage of. this act as a school- 

Chap. 293, 1893. house, church, theatre, public building, hall, place of assembty 
or public resort, tenement house, boarding house or lodging 
house, or as a factory or workshop where ten or more persons 
are employed, or used above the second story as a dwelling 
by two or more families, shall be used for any of said 
purposes unless such building is provided with at least two 

Chap. 3io, 1897. independent and sufficient ways of egress. One of said ways 

Approved L .„„.„. . , 

April 23, 1897. of egress shall consist of a night of stairs extending from the 
lowest to the highest floor, made of fireproof material and 
enclosed in brick walls, with the enclosed space or stairway 
provided with a ventilating skylight which can be opened 
and closed from every floor, and having openings through an 
external wall to the outer air at least on to each story except 
the upper and the lower, each opening to have an area of at 
least five square feet and to be maintained unobstructed : 
provided, hotvever, that when there shall be within the space 
enclosed b}~ the stairway and its landings from the second 
story upwards an open area for light and ventilation whose 
least horizontal dimensions shall be equal to the width of the 
stairs, but in no case less than three feet, then the aforesaid 
openings through an exterior wall may be omitted. There 
shall be no opening upon the stairway except as aforesaid 

Chap. 449, §24, an( ^ £ Qr ga y gjj-y^jg^ anc i f or c ] oors from apartments and 

chap. 335, §2, corridors. The other way of egress shall be approved by the 
Appi-ovedMay building commissioner, and may project over a public way. 
- :; ' l: '""- Every way of egress from every such building shall be kept 

Took effeel J J a J & i 

June 23, 1900. in good repair and unobstructed. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 6 I 

Sect. 83. Any owner or lessee responsible for the con- certificate to 
dition of a building shall be entitled to a certificate, or if the wneu 
original has been issued, an exhibition of the duplicate Chap - 449 > § 24 > 
thereof on the commissioner's records, to the effect that his 
building is provided with safe means of egress, if and when- 
ever such is the case in the commissioner's opinion. Any 
tenant of or person employed in any private building, and, 
in the case of any public building or public school, any 
citizen of Boston shall be entitled to an exhibition of the 
commissioner's record, and if no certificate has been issued, 
may apply to have a certificate or order issued. 

EXPLOSIVE OR INFLAMMABLE COMPOUNDS. 

Sect. 84. No explosive or inflammable compound or Explosive ma- 
combustible material shall be stored or placed under any t^be 'stored 110 * 
stairway of any building, or used in any such place or man- under stair - 
ner as to obstruct or render egress hazardous in case of fire. 

FIRE ESCAPES. 

Sect. 85. The platforms, landings and stairway steps of Fire esfta P es t0 

•"■ ° J r be sufficiently 

every fire escape shall be strong enough to carry a load of strong, 
seventy pounds to the square foot in addition to the weight 
of material. 

PROJECTIONS. 

Sect. 86. No structure, except cornices, water tables, chap.«3, 
bay windows, window caps and sills, and outside means of p^ovea\iay2i 
egress, as provided in chapter two hundred and ninety-three 1897 - 
of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-three, 
and signs as provided in chapter three hundred and fifty-two 
of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-five, shall 
be placed upon any building so as to project into or over any 
public way or square, and no cornice shall project more than 
three feet. 

UNSAFE BUILDINGS, ETC. 

Sect. 87. Every structure and part thereof, and an- owner to 

1/1 •>- secure same 

purtenance thereto, within the city of Boston, shall be so takedown 1 
constructed and maintained in such repair as not to be dan- i£j^' U9 ' § 2i ' 



Cr2 



DIGEST OF BUTLDINO LAWS. 



When Commis- 
sioner may 
secure or take 
down. 



May be 

vacated, when. 
Chap. 449, § 24, 
1895. 



To be 

placarded 
unsafe, when. 



gerous, and the owner of any premises within said city, upon 
notice from the commissioner that such premises are danger- 
ous, shall forthwith remedy the cause of danger by removal 
or repair. In case public safety requires immediate action, 
the commissioner may forthwith, by repair or temporary pro- 
tection, prevent danger ; or may, subject to appeal as provided 
for in section thirteen, remove the dangerous structure; and 
his reasonable and necessar}^ expenses may be recovered by 
the city of Boston of the owner. 

Sect. 88. Any building which, by defect, accident, 
decay or overloading, is unsafe, shall be vacated forthwith 
if and when the commissioner shall so order, notwithstanding 
an appeal from such order be pending. The commissioner 
shall affix and maintain on the exterior of every such building 
a conspicuous notice of its character. The removing or ren- 
dering illegible of such notice shall be a penal offence here- 
under. 



When addi- 
tional rent may 
be collected. 



ALTERATIONS, ETC., IN LEASED BUILDINGS. 

Sect. 89. In case of any change, alteration or addition 
not in the nature of ordinary repairs, renewals or restora- 
tions, being required under the terms of this act upon a 
building wholly or partly under lease containing no provi- 
sion for such a case, the owner shall pay the expense, and 
may collect of the lessee an additional rent for the portion 
so leased equal to eight per cent, per annum on that propor- 
tion of the sum paid which the leased portion bears to the 
whole building. 



Shall he first 
class build- 
ings. Chap. 
443, § 23, 1894. 



Sect. 



THEATRES, PUBLIC BUILDINGS, ETC. 

90. Every building, except armories, and 



churches wherein the floor of the assembly hall is not more 
than seven feet above the grade at the principal entrance 
hereafter so built or altered as to contain an audience or 
assembly hall, capable of seating eight hundred persons or 
more, in sight or hearing of the stage, allowing the minimum 
width for aisles and corridors permitted by this act, and 
every theatre hereafter built, shall be a first class building. 
In all theatres hereafter erected, the level of the stage above 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. DO 

the street level shall not exceed five feet. The audience stage level not 

. . „ to exceed 5 ft. 

hall and each compartment, division and gallery of every above street 
such building shall respectively have at least two independ- leveK 

i- i -n i -j_ i -n Each division, 

ent exits, as far apart as may be. Every such exit shall gallery, etc, to 
have a width of at least twenty inches for every hundred ^ ave . a * least J 

J J two mdepend- 

persons which the hall, compartment, division or gallery ent exits, 
from which it leads is capable of containing : provided, that ^ g th 0l such 
two or more exits of the same aggregate width may be sub- 
stituted for either of the two exits above required. None of 
the exits above required shall be less than five feet wide. 

Sect. 91. Every building of the classes referred to by Fronts of such 
section ninety hereafter built shall have a frontage as wide f U n width of 
as the widest part of the auditorium or assembly hall, in- auditorium, in- 

*■ d eluding lob- 

cluding side passages or lobbies, the whole width and height wes, side pas- 
of which frontage shall be upon a street, court, passageway tohTiotat'ed 1101 
or area open to the sky, and at least thirty feet wide on a street or 

_. . area open to 

opposite the entire frontage, ouch court, passageway or the sky, at 
area shall have an unobstructed way at least thirty feet wide, least30ft - 

J " wide. 

either through a first class building, without openings into 
any second or third class building, or wholly open to the 
sky, connecting it with a public street at least thirty feet 
wide. There shall be at least one exit on this front which Additional 

exits. 

shall be in no case less than five feet in width, and of such 
greater width as an allowance of twenty inches for each one 
hundred persons which the building may at any time con- 
tain will in the aggregate require. There shall be another 
independent exit of the same capacity, or independent exits 
of the same aggregate capacity, either through a first class 
building without openings into any second or third class 
building', or through a passageway open to the sky. All ah doors to 

& ' & ^ & J -, -,1 °P en outward. 

doors shall open outward, and shall not be so placed as to 

reduce the width of the passage above required. All Aisles, stair. 

• -it ini £ ways and pas- 

aisles, stairways and passages in such buildings shall be of sageways to be 

even or increasing width toward the exit, at least seven feet ofeYenoriu - 

o creasing width 

high throughout, without obstruction below that height, throughout, 
properly arranged for the easy egress of the audience, and 
of a width in respect of each division, gallery or compart- e 
ment, computed according to the above rule. No aisle or have a rising 
passage in such buildings, rising toward its exit, except in ten . 



G4 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Ik.- rs oi -t in 
stringers not 
to exceed 7'. 
in., and treads 
to be not less 
than 10.V in. 

Length of 
flights. 

Width of 
landings. 

Hand rails. 



Boilers, etc., 
not to be lo- 
cated under 
auditorium, 
passageways 
or stairways. 



Lights of stair- 
ways and exits 
to be independ- 
ent of lights 
of rest of buid- 
ing. 



All exits to be 
opened for de- 
parting audi- 
ence. 

Plans t<> be 
printed on 
playbills. 

( ibstructions 

not allowed in 
, etc. 



stairways from story to story and necessary steps in gal- 
leries and balconies, shall have a gradient within the audi- 
torium of more than two in ten, nor elsewhere of more than 
one in ten. 

Sect. 92. In buildings of the classes referred to in sec- 
tion ninety hereafter built, the cut of the stair stringers shall 
not exceed seven and one half inches rise, nor be less than 
ten and one-half inches tread. No winders shall be less than 
seven inches wide at the narrowest part. There shall be no 
flights of more than fifteen or less than three steps between 
landings. Every landing shall be at least four feet wide 
from step to step. 

Sect. 93. All stairs and landings of all buildings of the 
classes referred to by section ninety hereafter built shall 
have throughout proper hand rails on both sides firmly 
secured to walls, or to strong posts and balusters. Stair- 
ways twelve feet or more wide shall have one or more 
intermediate rails not more than eight feet apart 'and prop- 
erly supported. 

Sect. 94. No boiler, furnace, engine or heating appara- 
tus, except steam or hot air pipes and radiators, shall be 
located under the auditorium nor under any passage or stair- 
way of any exit of any building of the classes referred to b}^ 
section ninety. 

Sect. 95. The lights for the rear of the auditorium, and 
for all passages and stairways of exits of every building of 
the classes referred to by section ninety hereafter built, shall 
be independent of the lights of the rest of the auditorium 
and of the platform or stage, and shall be so arranged that 
they cannot be turned down or off from the platform or 
stage. 

Sect. 96. All exits from every building of the classes 
referred to by section ninety shall be opened for the use of 
every departing audience ; and shall have fastenings on the 
inside only. Plans showing the exits and stairways shall 
be printed on every programme or playbill. 

Sect. 97. No temporary seats or other obstructions 
shall be allowed in any aisle, passageway or stairway of 
a building of the class referred to by section ninety, 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 65 



and no person shall be allowed to remain in any aisle, standing 
passageway or stairway of any such building during any 
performance. 

Sect. 98. The stage of every theatre hereafter built shall Proscenium 

. . n ■ wall, thickness, 

be separated from the auditorium by a brick wall sixteen width, arid 
inches thick, which wall shall extend the entire width and hei s ht of - 
height of the building, and two feet six inches above the 
roof, like a party wall. There shall be no openings through ° peni " s 
this wall except the curtain opening, and not more than two 
others which shall be located at or below the level of the 
stage ; these latter openings shall not exceed twenty-one 
superficial feet each, and shall have tinned wood self-closing 
doors, securely hung to rabbeted iron frames or rabbets in 
the brickwork. The finish or decorative features around 
the curtain opening of every theatre shall be of incombus- 
tible materials, well secured to masonry. All scenery, cur- scenery, cur- 
tains and woodwork of the stage of every theatre shall be woodwort t0 
thoroughly covered, and, if practicable, saturated with fire be covered or 

. J . , . „ saturated with 

resisting material. No fixed portion of the stage shall be of Are resisting 
wood. materiaL 

Sect. 99. There shall be lobbies adjoining each division Lobbies re- 
of the auditorium of every theatre hereafter built, separated qun 
therefrom by a partition of brick or other equally incombus- 
tible material, and sufficiently large to furnish standing 
room for all persons that such division may at any time 
contain. There shall be no openings in such partition ex- 
cept such as are required by section ninety, and such open- 
ings shall not be more than eight feet high. 

Sect. 100. The proscenium of curtain opening of every Fireproof cur- 
theatre shall have a fire resisting curtain of incombustible 
material reenforced by wire netting, or otherwise strength- 
ened. If of iron, or similar heavy material, and made to 
lower from the top, it shall be so contrived as to be stopped 
securely at a height of seven feet above the stage floor ; the 
remaining opening being closed by a curtain or valance of 
fire resisting fabric. Such curtain shall be raised at the To be raised 
beginning and lowered at the end of each and every per- lowered after 
formance, and shall be of proper material, construction and each P erform - 
mechanism. - 



GG 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Scene 

carpenter and 
property 
shops, ward- 
robes, dress- 
ing rooms, etc 



Exits from em- 
ployees' rooms 
to be independ- 
ent and at 
least two in 
number. 
Ventilators 
over stage, 
area and con- 
struction of. 



High service 
standpipes, 
hose, etc., re- 
quired. 



Water sprink- 
lers required 
tor proscen- 

ium opening. 



Fire apparatus 
and additional 
sprinklers re- 
quired. 

Chap. 4-1!!, § 24, 
L895. 



Sect. 101. All scene docks, carpenter or property shops 
and wardrobes of every theatre hereafter built shall be sep- 
arated from the stage, auditorium and dressing room divisions 
by solid brick walls not less than twelve inches thick, with 
no openings to the auditorium or dressing room divisions ; 
and all openings to the stage shall have tinned wood self-clos- 
ing doors, securely hung to rabbets in the brickwork. 

Sect. 102. All rooms in theatres for the use of persons 
employed therein shall have at least two independent exits. 
All stage gaslights shall be protected by proper nettings. 

Sect. 103. There shall be one or more ventilators near the 
centre and above the highest portion of the stage of every 
theatre, equal in combined area of opening to one tenth of the 
area of stage floor. Every such ventilator shall have a valve 
or louvre so counterbalanced as to open automatically, and 
shall be kept closed, when not in use, by a cord reaching to 
the prompter's desk, and readily operated therefrom. Such 
cord shall be of combustible material, and so arranged that 
if it is severed the ventilator will open automatically. 

Sect. 1 04. There shall be at least two two inch high service 
standpipes on the stage of every theatre, with ample provision 
of hose and nozzles at each level of the stage on each side, 
and the water shall be kept turned on during the occupa- 
tion of the building by any audience. The said pipes shall 
have two gates, one above the other, with a proper test or 
waste valve ; the lower gate to be kept open at all times. 
The proscenium opening of every theatre shall be provided 
with a two and one-half inch perforated iron pipe or equiv- 
alent equipment of automatic or open sprinklers, as the 
commissioner may direct, so constructed as to form when in 
operation a complete water curtain for the entire proscenium 
opening, and there shall be for the rest of the stage a 
complete system of fire apparatus and perforated iron pipes, 
automatic or open sprinklers. Said pipes or sprinklers shall 
be supplied with water by high pressure service, and be at 
all times ready for use. 



SYSTEM OF VENTILATION. 

Sect. 105. Every hall, auditorium or room of every 
M l Ts'i^ ldMay building hereafter erected for, or converted to use as aschool- 



Chap. 413, §7, 
[897. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 67 

house, factory, theatre or place of public assembly or enter- 
tainment shall have in continuous operation while decupled a 
system of ventilation so contrived as to provide twenty-five 
cubic feet per minute of outer air for each occupant and for 
each, light other than an electric light. 

Sect. 106. Repealed by chapter 97, 1895, approved 
March 7, 1895. (See Appendix Q.) 

(Chapter 97, 1895, amended by chapter 161, 1899. 
Approved May 17, 1899.) 

TENEMENT AND LODGING HOUSES. 

Sect. 107. The external walls of every building hereafter chap. «3, § 8, 
erected for or converted to use as a tenement or lodging house Approved May 

& & 21, 1897. 4 

shall be of brick, stone or iron, and such walls of any such External wails 

J to be of brick, 

building which is not situated on an open space more than wh^nou-o ' 
twenty feet in width shall not exceed thirty feet in height. fn height! feet 
Sect. 108. No building hereafter erected for or converted Building not;to 
to use as a tenement or lodging house, and no building here- ^parts oT 
after enlarged or increased in height or area for said purposes, area of lot. 

& & r r To have at 

shall occupy above the level of the second floor more than least two ex- 
sixty-five one hundredths part of the area of the lot measured p^Xcways or 
to the middle line of the street or streets or passageways on land of owner. 

i • i -j_ i t-i -i -i • i n To have open 

which it abuts, livery such building shall have on at least space across 
two exposures on land of the owner, or as part of public ways, *?"• 
open spaces of least ten feet in width, which spaces shall have i«95. 
an aggregate length of one foot for every twenty-five feet or 1897 f" 
superficial area actually occupied by the building. Such ApprovedMay 

r r . . . 21, 1S97. 

spaces shall be open to the sky and shall remain undiminished 
so long as the building is occupied as a tenement or lodging 
house. A clear space open from the ground to the sky shall 
be maintained across the whole rear of every such building 
not located on two streets forming a corner, and of a depth 
equal to one-half the width of the street in front of such 
building : provided, that such space need not exceed the 
depth of twenty feet; and provided, further, that an equiv- 
alent area of open space in the rear or on either side of such 
building may be provided of different dimensions, with the 
consent of the building commissioner. 

° Ventilation of 

Sect. 109. Every existing tenement or lodging house sleeping rooms 
shall have in every sleeping room, not communicating houses . 



6S DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

windows in directly with the external air, two ventilating or transom 

walls of stair- J _ ' & 

ways not windows of not less than six square feet area each, one 

opening into another room or passage having an external 
window of not less than six square feet area, with movable 
sashes.' No transom window shall be placed in a partition 
wall enclosing a main stairway. 

Rooms of tene- Sect. 110. Every room in every tenement or lodging 

merit houses to 

be s ft. in clear, house hereafter built, and m every building hereafter altered 
to be used as such, shall be not less than eight feet in height 
in the clear in every story, except that in the attic it may 
be less than eight feet high for one-half the area of the 

windows in room. Every such room shall have one or more windows 

such rooms to • •,, , t ,i , 

openonareaat on an °P en air space with an area at least one-tenth as great 
least one tenth as that of the room. The top of at least one window on 

area of room. . . 

such air space m each room shall be at least seven feet six 
inches from the floor, and the upper sash of the same window 
shall be movable. 
Buildings used Sect. 111. No building of which any part is used for 

for storage or . 

sale of hay, storage or sale of hay, straw, hemp, flax, shavings, burning 
straw, burning ^ n [^ turpentine, camphene or any inflammable oil, or other 
to be occupied highly combustible substance, shall be occupied in any part 
purposes. DS as a dwelling, tenement or lodging house, except that rooms 

chap. 449, § 24, f or coachman or grooms may be allowed in private stables 
1895. , ." J l 

authorized by this act, upon special permit from the com- 
missioner. 
Receptacle for S ECT . H2. All receptacles for ashes, waste and other 

ashes, etc., to l 

be made of in. substances, liable by spontaneous combustion, or otherwise, 
material. f° cause a fire shall be made of incombustible material satis- 

piaceofde- factory to the commissioner. Every building used as a tene- 
bage required, ment or lodging house shall have outside and appurtenant 
chap. 449, § 24, to it a suitable space satisfactory to the commissioner for the 

L895. L J 

temporary deposit of garbage and other refuse matter, 
when watch- Sect. 113. Every lodging house containing over fifty 

men are neces- 

saryandthe rooms above the first floor, andiever}^ tenement house con- 
quired* * taiiiing more than fifty sleeping rooms above the first floor, 
shall have at least one night watchman exclusively so em- 
ployed on duty every night from nine o'clock at night until 
six o'clock in the morning; and every lodging house of the 
second or third class containing more than one hundred 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 69 

rooms above the first floor, and every tenement house con- 
taining more than one hundred sleeping-rooms above the 
first floor, shall have at least two night watchmen exclu- 
sively so employed on duty every night from nine o'clock 
at night until six o'clock in the morning. But in the latter Thermostats 

1J?11 . i r , i i. £ ma y De substi- 

class oi lodging and tenement houses, a proper system of tutedfor 
thermostats, or automatic fire alarms, approved in writing by watchm en 

'• i L a j when ap- 

the commissioner, may be substituted for one of the watch- proved by 

men. In all lodging or tenement houses of either of the ch^p™^ ^ 

above classes a red light shall be kept burning at night at 1895 - 

the head and foot of every flight of stairs, and one or more g o ngi ! s et c re . 

gongs shall be so placed, and be of such size and number, quired. 

as to give the alarm throughout the house in case of fire ; 

and in every sleeping room there shall be conspicuously 

posted directions for escape in case of fire. The commissioner Additional 

-, in j; i.i • . £ i.- safeguards to 

may make such other or further requirements tor prevention be made if re 
of and escape from fire as may be reasonably necessary quired by com- 

x J . uiissioner. 

under the conditions of each case. Any innholder who fails when mn- 
to comply with the provisions of this section shall thereby nolder ' sli - 

. . ■ cense shall be 

forfeit his license. forfeited. 



WATER CLOSETS. 

Sect. 114. Every dwelling, tenement or lodging house, water-closets, 

regulations 
relative to. 



every school house, and every building where operatives are r< 



employed, shall have at least one water-closet or privy, and 
at least one water closet or privy for every twenty persons 
therein living, attending or employed ; and in buildings 
where operatives of both sexes are employed, separate 
accommodations shall be furnished for men and women. 
Privies or cesspools shall not be allowed where a sewer 
makes water-closets practicable. Every water-closet in 
every building hereafter erected for, or converted to use as 
a tenement house, family hotel or apartment house, shall 
have a window on the open air. 

STABLES. 

Sect. 115. No building, any part of which is within the to be kept 40 
limits or within forty feet of the property of any adioining- ft - from ad - 

J r r J J J o joining prop- 

OWlier, shall be erected for or converted to use as a stable, ert y- 



70 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

To be licensed unless such use is authorized by the Board of Health after 
aldermen. public hearing had, after written notice to the adjoining 
Public notice owners, and after public notice published at least three times, 

required. * 

chap. 300 § -i, and at least ten days before the hearing, in at least two news- 
papers published in Boston. 



L89 



ENGINES, DYNAMOS, BOILERS, FURNACES, ETC. 

ci.ap.449 §24, Sect. 116. No building shall be used for a grain elevator 

1S95. ° _ ° 

chap. 175, §1, or for the storage or manufacture of high combustibles or 
Approved explosives, or for chemical or rendering works, and no en- 
March 19, 1897. gine, dynamo, boiler or furnace shall be placed in any building 
without a permit from the commissioner, and every application 
for such permit shall be filed with the commissioner in writing, 
and shall set forth the character of the building, the size, power 
and purpose of the apparatus, and such other information as 
the commissioner may require. The commissioner may, 
after an examination of the premises described in the appli- 
cation, and hearing the applicant and any objectors, issue a 
permit for placing a boiler or furnace on such premises, on 
such conditions as he shall deem just and proper, or may 
refuse such permit, and the applicant for other than a boiler 
or furnace shall publish notice of the application in at least 
two daily newspapers published in the city of Boston, and 
at least three days in each, and, if so directed by the com- 
missioner, shall also post conspicuously on the premises a 
copy of the application and deliver copies thereof to such 
persons as the commissioner may direct, and file an affidavit 
with the commissioner that notice has been given as re- 
quired. 
Chap. 175, § i, Sect. 117. If no objection is filed with the commissioner 

1897. J 

before the expiration of ten days from the time of the first 
publication of notice, or within ten days of the delivery and 
first posting of notice if required, the commissioner shall, if 
the arrangement, location and construction of the proposed 
apparatus is proper, and in accordance with the terms of this 
act, issue a permit for the same. But if such objection is 
filed the application shall be referred to the board of appeal, 
the chairman of the board of health, and the chairman of 
the board of lire commissioners, together sitting as a com- 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 71 

mission, or such members of said boards respectively as, in 
case of the absence or disability of the chairman, the stand- 
ing members of the board of appeal or their duly appointed 
substitutes shall in each case appoint. The two members of 
said commission sitting with the board of appeal shall receive 
the same compensation as the members of that board. 

Sect. 118. Said commission shall in each case cause due chap. 175, § i, 
notice to be given to all parties of the time and place of 
hearing, and after hearing the parties shall authorize the 
commissioner to issue a permit, under such conditions as 
may be prescribed by said commission, or to withhold the 
same. If the permit is refused, the applicant, and if it is 
granted, the objectors, shall pay such costs as the commis- 
sion may determine. 

Sect. 119. The commissioner may from time to time, chap. 175, §1, 
after public notice and hearing, prescribe conditions on 
which any or all boilers or furnaces may be maintained in 
buildings, and if any person interested objects to such con- 
ditions and appeals from the decision of the commissioner 
establishing the same, the appeal shall be referred to the 
commission specified in the preceding sections, and there- 
upon said commission shall prescribe such conditions as they 
shall deem just and proper. 

PLUMBING. 

Sect. 120. No person shall carry on the business of only plumbers 

,,. -ii- -ii n • allowed to per- 

plumbmg unless he is a plumber and shall have first regis- form piumb- 
tered his name and place of business in the office of the ^° g \ 

c Must register 

building commissioner ; and notice of any change in the as such at 
place of business of a registered plumber shall be immedi- m issioner. 
ately given to said commissioner. Cha P- 449, § 24 « 

J ° . 1895. 

Sect. 121. Every plumber, before doing any work in a Permitneces . 
building shall, except in the case of the repair of leaks, file sar 7 bef o r e , 

, . . work is per- 

at the office of the said commissioner, upon blanks for that formed, 
purpose, a notice of the work to be performed ; and no such Chap. 449, § 24, 
work shall be done in any building without the approval of 
.said commissioner. 

Sect. 12-2. The plumbing of every building shall be sep- Buildings to- : 
arately and independently connected with the public sewer, andTndftnd 



72 



DIGEST OP 111' I LDIXG LAWS. 



ently eon- 
aected with 
sewer. 

Plumbing not 

to be concealed 
from view 
until approved 
by inspector- 
Plumbing to 
be tested by 
water pressure 
before used. 



Size and mate- 
rial of drain 
and ventilat- 
ing pipes, and 
quality of 
same. 

Chap. 297, § 1, 
1893. 

Approved 
May 3, 1893. 



when such sewer is provided, or with a proper and sufficient 
drain connected thereto outside of the building ; and if a 
sewer is not accessible, with a proper cesspool. 

Sect. 123. Pipes and other fixtures shall not be covered 
or concealed from view until approved by the inspector, 
who shall examine the same within two working days after 
notice that they are ready for inspection. 

Sect. 124. Plumbing work 'shall not be used unless the 
same has first been tested in the presence of the inspector 
with the water test, or if that is not practicable, with the 
peppermint or other reliable test, and approved by him in 
writing. 

Sect. 125. Drain and connecting ventilating pipes shall 
be of sufficient size, and made of cast iron or standard 
wrought iron within the building, and for a distance of at 
least ten feet outside, except that lead pipes may be used 
for short 'connections exposed to view. Such pipes, if of 
wrought iron, shall be of standard weight and strength, and 
if of cast iron, shall be of uniform thickness throughout,, 
and shall have an average weight not less than that below 
specified, viz. : 



2-inch 


pipe, . 


3 -inch 


pipe, . 


4-inch 


pipe, 


5-inch 


pipe, . 


6-inch 


pipe, . 


8-inch 


pipe, . 


10-inch 


pipe, . 


12-inch 


pipe, . 



5 i pounds 
9 i pounds 
1 3 pounds 
17 pounds 
20 pounds 
33 J pounds 
45 pounds 
54 pounds 



per foot, 
per foot. 
per foot, 
per foot, 
per foot, 
per foot, 
per foot, 
per foot. 



Drainpipes. Drainpipes shall be properly secured by irons to walls, 

laid in trenches to uniform grade, or suspended to floor tim- 

To have run- ^gj.g i^y s tronp; iron hangers. Every drainpipe shall be sup- 

ning trap with J & ° \ -iit 

accessible plied with a suitable trap, placed with an accessible cleanout, 
at or near the point where it leaves the building, and shall 
To be carried have a proper fall. Drainpipes shall be carried above the 
least 2 ft., and roof open and undiminished in size, and to a sufficient height 
undiminished not lesg t ] um tw0 feet aDOve the roof, and not less than five 



Chap. 297, § 2, 
1893. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. (6 

feet above the top of any window within fifteen feet. Changes Changes in 

.. .. . . ,. in direction to be 

m direction shall be made with curved pipes, ana all con- m adewith 
nections with horizontal or vertical pipes shall be made with curved pipe. 
Y branches. All drainpipes shall be exposed to sight where ah connec- 
practicable within the building, and shall not be exposed to made with Y 
pressure where they pass through walls. Every part of branches. 
every drainpipe below a cellar floor shall be laid in a brick Drainpipe be- 

J L x low cellar floor 

trench with a concrete base, and shall be accessible through to be laid in 

m. t n brick trench, 

cient unattached covers. 

Sect. 126. Rain water leaders when connected with soil Rainwater 

leaders. 

or drainpipes shall be suitably trapped. 

Sect. 127. Iron pipes used in plumbing shall, before iron pipes to. 

, _ _ . , be tested and 

being put m place, be first tested by the water or kerosene coated with hot 
test, and then coated inside and out with coal tar pitch, ap- coal tar pitch 

*- x inside and out- 

plied hot, or with paint, or with some equivalent substance, side. 

Joints of wrought iron pipes shall be made by screwing the 

same into double heavy cast iron fittings tapped with stand- Jolnts t be 

ard screw thread ; joints of cast iron pipes shall be made by calked, etc. 

thoroughly calking the same with molten lead; joints of lead lead and iron 

pipes with iron pipes shall be made by soldering" the same pipes t0 be 

_ x L ± J ° made with 

into brass ferrules, and calking the ferrules to cast iron pipes brass ferrules, 
or screwing them to wrought iron pipes. calked etc. 

Sect. 128. The waste pipe of each and every sink waste pipe of 
basin, bath tub, water-closet, slop hopper, and of each set of ^Lire^Thave 
trays or other fixtures, shall be furnished with a separate a separate 

trap. 

trap, which shall be placed as near as practicable to the fix- Traps t have 
ture that it serves. Traps shall be protected from siphonage special air 
or air pressure by special cast iron air pipes of a size not 
less than the waste pipes they serve placed outside or below 
the trap. Lead air pipes may be used only where they are 
exposed to view. Air pipes for water-closet traps shall be 
of two inch bore if thirty feet or less in length, and of three 
inch bore if more than thirty feet in length. Air pipes shall 
be run as direct as practicable. Two or more air pipes may . 

*- j. x •/ ^ lr pipes to be 

be connected* together or with a drainpipe ; but in every £00?^ cor? ve 

nected with 



case of connection with a drainpipe such connection shall be drainpipe 

above the upper fixture of the building. upper fixture'. 

Sect. 129. Drip or overflow pipes, from safes under D rip or over- 

L *■ *- flow pipe not 

water-closets and other fixtures, or from tanks or cisterns, to be connected 

' ' with drain- 

pipe. 



74 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Waste l'ipc 
from refrigera- 
tor, etc., not to 
be connected 
w iih drain 
pipe. 



Water-closets 
to be supplied 
from cistern. 
Flushingpipes 

to be not less 
than one inch. 



Exceptions. 
Chap. 449, § 24, 
1895. 



Privy-vaults, 
capacity and 
construction 
of. 



Steam ex- 
hausts not to 
be connected 
with public 
sewer. 



Grease traps. 



shall be run to some place in open sight, and in no case shall 
any such pipe be connected directly with a drainpipe. No 
waste pipe from a refrigerator, or other receptacle in which 
provisions are stored, shall be connected with a drainpipe or 
other waste pipe. 

Sect. 130. Eveiy water closet, or line of water closets 
on the same floor, shall be supplied with water from a tank 
or cistern, and shall have a flushing pipe of not less than 
one inch in diameter ; but this requirement shall not apply 
to water-closets substituted for vaults, where the same are 
located outside of the building proper; and such water- 
closets may be arranged so as to receive their supply directly 
from the main, with proper fixtures approved by the com- 
missioner, the water board and the board of health. 

Sect. 131. Every privy-vault shall be of brick and 
cement, of a capacity not less than eight} r cubic feet, of easy 
access, convenient to open and clean, and made tight. The 
inside shall be at least two feet from the next lot, and from 
any public or private w T ay. 

Sect. 132. No steam exhaust shall be connected with 
any public sewer or with any soil or waste pipe or drain 
which communicates with a public sewer. 

Sect. 133. Water pipes in exposed places shall be 
properly protected from frost. 

Sect. 134. A grease trap shall be constructed under the 
sink of every hotel, eating house, restaurant or other pub- 
lic cooking establishment so as to be easily accessible for 
inspection and cleaning. 



City may by 
ordinance reg- 
ulate the man- 
agement and 
inspection of 
elevators and 
hoistways. 
Chap. 449, § 24, 
1895. 

Officers of de- 
partment to 
hold office for 
terms for 
w oich they 
were ap- 
pointed. 



ORDINANCES. 

Sect. 135. All ordinances and parts of ordinances of 
the city of Boston now in force relating to the building- 
limits and the inspection and survej^ of buildings shall re- 
main in force until amended or repealed by said city. Said 
city may, by ordinance, regulate the management and in- 
spection of elevator hoistways and elevator shafts in said 
city. The officers of the building department of said city 
shall continue to hold office for the terms for which they 
were appointed, and until their successors are appointed in 
accordance with this act, unless sooner removed. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 75 

INJUNCTIONS. 
Sect. 136. 1 Any court having equity jurisdiction, in injunction to 

, ,. ,. ,i t ,. n ,i ■, be issued on 

term time or vacation, may, on the application ot the city application of 
of Boston, by its attorney, by any suitable process or decree cit J of Boston, 

. . . . by its attorney. 

in equity, enforce the provisions of this act, and may, on chap. 170, § i, 
such application, issue an injunction to restrain the erec- ^ 9 D 3 j roved 
tion, alteration, use, or occupation of any building or April 7,1893. 
structure in the city of Boston, erected, altered, maintained 
or used in violation of this act. 

PENALTY. 

Sect. 137. Any person who shall build or alter any wall, An y per80n 

J L j ' violating any 

building or other structure, or part thereof, in violation of provision of 

,.,-,. . i iiip, j_ £ this act shall be 

any provision oi this act, or who shall, alter twenty-lour punished by a 
hours' notice from the commissioner, maintain or use any flne not ex - 

J ceeding $1,000. 

such wall, building or other structure, or part thereof, so chap. 449, § 24, 
built or altered, or shall violate any provision of this act, 89£ 
shall be punished by a fine not exceeding one thousand 
dollars, to be paid into the treasury of the city of Boston. 



REPEALS. 

Sect. 138. Sections forty to fifty-three inclusive of <*»p- "**•*■ 

J J Sect. (40 to 53) . 

chapter one hundred and two of the Public Statutes are 
hereby repealed in so far as they relate to the city of Boston. Chap - 124 of 
Chapter one hundred and twenty-four of the acts of the year chap. 369 of 
eighteen hundred and ten, chapter three hundred and sixty- 
nine of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and sixty-nine, ^p- 192 of 
chapter one hundred and ninetv-two of the acts of the year chap. 252 of 

" 1882 

eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, chapter two hundred 
and fifty-two of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and 188 3 P " 
eighty-two, chapter one hundred and seventy-three and chap-. Cha 251 of 
ter two hundred and fifty-one of the acts of the year eighteen isss. 
hundred and eighty-three, chapter two hundred and twenty- chap. 223 of 
three of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and eighty- 
four, chapter three hundred and seventy-four of the acts of 1S 8 5> ' 
the year eighteen hundred and eighty-five, sections two, four c ^ hap - 383 of 
and five to ten inclusive of chapter three hundred and eighty- 4(5toio). 

1 Also see chapter 257, Acts of 1894, Appendix J. 



70 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

chap. 316 of two of the acts of the same year, chapter three hundred and 

1888, relative to . 

Boston. sixteen of the acts of the }'ear eighteen hundred and eighty- 

Chap.426of eight, so far as it relates to the city of Boston, sections one 
to 8] 'relative to to eight inclusive of chapter four hundred and twenty-six of 
Boston, and an the acts of the same year, so far as they relate to the city of 

acts and parts . * 

of acts incon- Boston, and all acts and parts of acts inconsistent herewith, 
athukeTare are hereby repealed. All provisions of this act, which are 
repealed. the same in effect as those hereinbefore repealed, shall be 

construed as continuations and reenactments, and in all 
such cases the provisions shall take effect as of the date when 
they were first enacted. No repeal hereby enacted shall 
have the effect of reviving any act or part of an act hereto- 
fore repealed. 

Approved by Governor, June 16, 1892. 

This act took effect July 16, 1892. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 77 



THICKNESS OF WALLS. 



EXTERNAL AND PARTY WALLS. 



DWELLINGS, FIRST AND SECOND CLASS BUILDINGS. 



20 feet X 40 feet, 33 feet high, not less than 8 inches. 

20 feet X 55 feet, 36 feet high, external walls 8 inches, party walls, 12 inches ; if 
used for a store, external walls to be 12 inches to top of second floor. 

33 feet to 60 feet high, 12 inches. 

60 feet to 70 feet high, 16 inches to second floor, 12 inches above. 

70 feet to 80 feet high, 20 inches to second floor, 16 inches to upper floor, and 12 
inches above. 

More than 80 feet, see Special Requirements, Section 36. 



OTHER THAN DWELLINGS, FIRST AND SECOND CLASS BUILDINGS. 



40 feet or less in height, 16 inches to top of second floor, 12 inches above. 

40 feet to 60 feet high, 20 inches to second floor, 16 inches above. 

60 feet to 80 feet, 24 inches to first floor, 20 inches to upper floor, 16 inches above. 

Over 80 feet, see Special Requirements, Section 37. 



VAULTED WALLS. 



Shall contain, exclusive of withes, same amount of material as solid walls. 
Walls on either side of air-space shall be not less than 8 inches thick. 



ASHLAR. 

Less than 8 inches thick not to be reckoned in thickness of wall. Eight inches or 
over in thickness, excess over 4 inches may be reckoned in thickness of wall. Shall 
be at least 4 inches thick. 



IRON AND STEEL EXTERNAL WALLS. 



May be of less thickness than brick external walls when requirements for strength 
are complied with : provided, all constructional parts are wholly protected from heat 
by brick or terra cotta, etc. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



PILING. 



See Special Eequirernents, Section 27. 



FOUNDATIONS. 



See Special Kequirements, Sections 28 and 30. 

Table showing Safe Load in Tons. Cylindrical Iron Columns, l=Inch Shell. 





Diameter Columns Outside. 


Length of Columns. 


6-in. 


7-in. 


8-in. 


9-iri. 


10-in. 


1 
11 -in. 


12-in. 


6 feet 


66.6 
64.4 
60.2 
55.8 
53.7 
49.6 
45.6 
43.8 
40.1 
36.9 
35.4 
32.5 
29.9 
28.7 
26.5 


79.7 
77.1 
74.6 
69.4 
66.9 
61.8 
59.4 
54.6 
52.4 
50.1 
46.1 
44.2 
40.7 
39. 


93.2 
90.3 
87.3 
84.3 
78.3 
75.3 
72.3 
69.5 
63.9 
61.3 
58.7 
56.3 
51.8 


106.4 

103. 
99.6 
96.2 
92.7 
89.3 
85.9 
82.5 
79.3 
72.9 
70. 
67. 


119.5 

115.7 

111.9 

108.1 

104.6 

100.3 

96.5 

92.7 

S9.1 

85.4 

81.9 


133.1 

128.8 
124.6 
120.4 
116. 
111.7 
107.5 
103.3 
99.2 








8 " . 




9 " 




10 " 




11 " 




12 u 


146.2 


13 " 




14 " 


141.6 


15 " 


136.9 


16 " 


132.3 


17 " 


127.4 


18 " 


122.8 


19 " 




20 ' l 


118.1 








Metal area, square inches. 




15.71 


18.82 


22.00 


25.14 


28.27 


31.41 


34.56 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



71) 



Table showing Safe Load in Tons. Cylindrical Columns, iy 4 =inch Shell. 







: 


DIAMETER 


Columns 


Outside 






Length of Columns. 


6-in. 


74n. 


8-in. 


9-in. 


10-in. 


11-in. 


12 -in. 


6 feet 


79. 

76. 

71. 

66. 

63.7 

58.7 

54. 

51.8 

47.6 

43.8 

41.9 


95. 

92. 

89. 

83. 

80. 

74. 

71. 

65. 

62.7 

60. 

55. 

52.9 

48.7 

46.6 


112. 

108.7 

105. 

101.6 
94. 
90.7 
87. 
83.7 

.76.9 
73.9 
70.7 
67.8 
62. 


128.8 

124.7 

120.6 

116.5 

112. 

108. 

104. 

100. 

96. 

88. 

84.8 

81. 


145. 
140.8 
136. 
131.5 
126.7 
122. 
117. 
112.8 
108. 
103.9 
99.6 


161.9 

156.8 

151.6 

146. 

141. 

135.9 

12^.8 

125.6 

120.7 




7 " 




8 " 




9 "■ 




10 " 




11 " 




12 " 


178.9 


13 " 




14 " 


173. 


15 " 


167.5 


16 " 


161.8 


17 " 


157.9 


18 " 




150. 


19 " 






20 " 




144.5 














Metal a 


rea, square 


inches. 







18.65 



22.58 



26.52 



30.44 



34.36 



38.29 



42.22 



SO 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Table showing Safe Load in Tons. Cylindrical Iron Columus, l^-inch Shell. 



Length of Columns. 


Diameter Columns Outside. 


8-in. 


9-in. 


10-iu. 


ll-iu. 


1-2-in. 


13-in. 


14-in. 


8 feet 


129.7 

125.6 

121. 

117. 

108.9 

104.8 

100.6 

96.6 

88.8 

85. 

76.7 

78. 

72. 


149.6 

144.9 

140. 

135. 

130. 

125.6 

120.9 

116. 

111.5 

102.5 

98. 

94. 


169.6 

164. 

158.8 

153. 

147.8 

142. 

137. 

131.6 

126. 

121. 

116. 


189.5 

183. 
177. 
171. 
165. 
159. 
153. 
147. 
141. 


209. 

202.7 
196. 
189. 
182.5 

175.8 

169. 


229. 

222. 
214.7 

207. 




9 " 




10 " 




11 "■ 




12 " 




13 " 




14 " 


249.7 


15 " 




16 " 


241.7 


17 " 


233.8 


IS " 




19 " 


199.8 
192.5 


225.8 


20 " 


217.6 








Metal area, square inches. 




30.63 


35.34 


40.06 


44.77 


49.48 


54.19 


58.90 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



81 



WOODEN BEAMS. 

Cb 
Uniformly distributed Load in Pounds for Rectangular Beams — , in which L = Span of 

Beam fn feet and b = Width of Beam in Inches. 

Values of C for Different Depths of Beams. 



Depth of Beam. 


Spruce. 

At 750 lbs. per sq. 
inch. 


Hard Pine. 


Inches. 


At 1,250 lbs. per sq. 
inch. 


2 


333 

750 

1,333 

2,083 

3,000 

4,083 

5,333 

6,750 

8,333 

10,083 

12,000 

14,083 

16,333 

18,750 

21,333 


555 


3 


1,250 

2,222 


4 


5 


3,472 

5,000 

6,805 

8,889 

11,250 

13,889 

16,805 

20,000 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


23,472 

27,222 
31,250 
35,556 


14 


15 


16 





APPENDICES. 



APPENDICES. 



Statutes. 



A An Act to authorize the erection of wooden buildings in 
the city of Boston for sanitary purposes. St. 1873, c. 4. 

B An Act in relation to the preservation of health in build- 
ings in the city of Boston. St. 1885, c. 382. 

C An Act in relation to fences and other structures erected 
to annoy, and for the abatement of nuisances. St. 
1887, c. 348. 

D An Act relating to the use of buildings in the city of 
Boston for stables. St. 1889, c. 89. 

E An Act relating to buildings in the public parks of the 
city of Boston. St. 1889, c. 129. 

F An Act in relation to the employment of custodians of 
elevators. St. 1890, c. 90. 

G An Act relating to the regulation and supervision of 
wires over streets or buildings in cities. St. 1890, 
c. 404. 

H An Act relating to the location, laying out, and con- 
struction of highways in the city of Boston. St. 1891, 
c. 323, as amended by St. 1892, c. 418, s. 4. 

I An Act relating to the repair of private drains in streets 
or ways. St. 1893, c. 312. 

J An Act relating to the erection or alteration of struct- 
ures in the city of Boston. St. 1894, c. 257. 

K An Act relative to fire-escapes in school-houses. St. 
1894, c. 337. 

L An Act for the better protection of human life in lodging 
houses in case of fire. St. 1894, c. 341. 



8G DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

M An Act concering the storage of petroleum or any of its 
products, and the erection and use of buildings there- 
for. St. 189-1, c. 399. 

N An Act to regulate public lodging houses in the city of 
Boston. St. 1894, c. 414. 

O An Act relative to the licensing of plumbers and the 
supervision of the business of plumbing. St. 1894, 
c. 455. 

P An Act in relation to the inspection departments of the 
district police and the inspection of buildings. St. 
1894, c. 481. 

Q An Act relative to the erection and alteration of build- 
ings in the city of Boston. St. 1895, c 97. 

R An [Act relative to the licensing and regulating of 
stables in cities. St. 1895, c. 213. 

S An Act relative to advertising signs and structures 
encroaching on public ways in the city of Boston. 
St. 1895, c. 352. 

T An Act to abate the smoke nuisance in the city of 
Boston. St. 1895, c. 389. 

U An Act to revise the charter of the city of Boston. 
St. 1895, c. 449. 

V An Act relative to plumbing. St. 1895, c. 453. 

"W An Act relative to the building line and height of build- 
ings on parkways, boulevards and parks. St. 1896, 

C. Old. 

X An Act to provide for the further protection of the 
public health in the chry of Boston. St. 1897, 
c. 219. 

Y An Act relative to the licensing of gasfitters and to 

the supervision of the business of gas fitting in the 
city of Boston. St. 1897, c. 265. 

X An Act relative to the use of buildings for stables. 
St. 1897, c. 300. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

A A An Act relative to the building line and height of build- 
ings on parkways, boulevards and parks. St. 1897, 
c. 379. 

BB An Act to facilitate the inspection of wires in buildings 
in the city of Boston. St. 1898, c. 268. 

CC An Act relative to the height of buildings on and near 
Copley square in the city of [Boston. St. 1898, 
c. 452. 

DD An Act to provide for registering and confirming titles 
to land. St. 1898, c. 562, s. 80. 

EE An Act to provide for the better enforcement of the 
building laws of the city of Boston. St. 1899, 
c. 185. 

FF An Act relative to unauthorized structures in a city or 
town. St. 1899, c. 326. 

GG An Act to limit the height of buildings in the vicinity 
of the State House. St. 1899, c. 457. 

HH An Act to provide for the change of building lines on 
Lansdowne street in the city of Boston. St. 1900, 

c. 348. 

II Of the suppression of common nuisances. P. S., 101. 

JJ Of licenses and municipal regulations of police. P. S., 
102. 

KK General provisions concerning real estate. P. S., 126, 
s. 13. 

Ordinances. 

LL Building Department. R. O. 1898, c. 8. 

MM Regulations for trades, building, etc. R. O. 1898, 
c. 45. . 

NN Prohibitions and Penalties. R. O. 1898, c. 47. 

Revised Regulations. 

OO General provisions. Rev. Reg. Board of Aid. 1898, 
c. 1, 6. 



88 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Boston may 
erect wooden 
buildings for 
hospital pur- 
poses. 

Proviso. 



CHAPTER 4, ACTS OF 1873. 

An Act to Authorize the Erection of Wooden Build- 
ings in the City of Boston for Sanitary Purposes. 

Be it enacted, etc. : 

Section 1. The City of Boston is hereby authorized to 
erect, under directions of its board of health and inspector of 
buildings, any wooden buildings within the city, for hospital 
purposes, the same to remain only so long as said board 
deems it necessary : provided, that every such hospital shall 
be constantly guarded outside by a competent force of at 
least three of the police of said city. 

Sect. 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

January 28, 1873. 



B 

CHAPTER 382, ACTS OF 1885. 

This Act took effect June 19, 1885. 

An Act in Relation to the Preservation of Health 
in Buildings in the City of Boston. 

Dwelling, ten- Section 1. Every building in the City of Boston used as- 

ement and . . 

lodging houses a dwelling, tenement or lodging house, or where persons are 
to be furnished emp i oyed sna u } iave at a n times such number of good and 

with good and l J i ° 

sufficient sufficient watt-r closets, earth closets or privies as the board 

of health of said city may determine, but the occupants of 
any tw<> or more of any such buildings may use such closets 
or privies in common, provided the access is easy and direct; 
and said hoard shall not require more than one such closet 
or privy for every twenty persons. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 89 

Sect. 3. No building in the City of Boston shall be con- Tenement and 
verted into, or used for a tenement or lodging house, unless, to conform to 
in addition to the other requirements of law, it conforms to thi8act - 
the provisions of this act. 

Sect. 11. Every such building shall have adequate chimneys with 

J ° open fireplaces 

chimneys running through every floor, with an open fireplace or place for a 

or grate, or place for a stove, properly connected with one of s 

said chimneys, for every family and set of apartments ; shall 

have proper conveniences and noncombustible receptacles for Receptacles for 

ashes and rubbish; shall have water furnished at one or Adequate and 

more places in such house, or in the yard thereof, so that convement 

x _ water supply 

the same may be adequate and reasonably convenient for the and cemented 
use of the occupants thereof; and shall have the floor of the ^^ oors re- 
cellar properly cemented, so as to be water tight. 

Sect. 12. Every such building used for a tenement or Receptacle for 
lodging house shall have suitable receptacles for garbage and q U i r ed. 
other refuse matter, and shall not be used as a place or 
storage for any combustible article, or any article dangerous Horse, cow, 
to life or detrimental to health ; nor shall any horse, cow, ^ b'e^ept in 
calf, swine, pig, sheep or goat be kept in said building. said building. 

Sect. 13. Every such building, and the yard, court, Yards, courts, 

•' . alleys, etc., to 

passage, area and alleys belonging to the same, shall be kept be kept clean, 
clean and free from any accumulation of dirt, filth, garbage or 
other refuse matter, to the satisfaction of the board of health. 

Sect. 14. The tenant of any lodging house or tenement Tenants t0 

J b b . thoroughly 

house shall thoroughly cleanse all the rooms, floors, windows cleanse ail 
and doors of the house, or part of the house, of which he is f|^ ls cl) 
the tenant, to the satisfaction of the board of health; and 450, s.s.] 
the owner or lessee shall well and sufficiently, to the satisfac- owners to 
tion of said board, whitewash or otherwise cleanse the wads wa]ls ;md nave 
and ceilings thereof once at least in every year in the months P ri vies, etc. 

° ... ke l jt in good 

of April or May, and have the privies, drains an l cesspools order, 
kept in good order and the passages and stairs kept clean and 
in good condition. Whenever there shall be more than eight 
families living in any tenement house in which the owner 
thereof does not reside, there shall be, when required by the 
board of health, a janitor, house keeper or some other respon- 
sible person, satisfactory to said board, who shall reside in 
said house and have the charge thereof. 



90 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Notice to be 

given of in- 
fectious 
disease. 



Halls on each 
floor to open 
directly to ex- 
ternal air. 



Cellar or un- 
derground 
room not to be 
used as a 
dwelling, etc. 



Sect. 15. The owner, agent of the owner, and keeper of 
any lodging or tenement house, or part thereof, shall, when 
any person in such house is sick of fever, or of any infectious, 
pestilential or contagious disease, and such sickness is known 
to such owner, agent or keeper, give immediate notice thereof 
to the board of health, and thereupon said board shall cause 
the same to be inspected, and cleansed or disinfected at the 
expense of the owner, in such manner as they may deem 
necessary ; and may also cause the blankets, bedding and 
bedclothes used by any such sick person to be thoroughly 
cleansed, scoured and fumigated, and, in extreme cases, to be 
destroyed. 

Sect. 16. The halls on each floor of every such building- 
shall open directly to the external air, with suitable win- 
dows, and shall have no room or other obstructions at the 
end, unless sufficient light and ventilation is otherwise pro- 
vided for said halls in a manner approved by the board of 
health. 

Sect. 17. No person shall, without a permit from the 
board of health, let or occupy, or suffer to be occupied, 
separately as a dwelling or place of lodging and sleeping, 
any cellar or underground room whatsoever, unless the 
same be in every part thereof at least seven feet in height, 
measured from the floor to the ceiling thereof ; nor unless 
the same shall have been so let or occupied before the 
passage of this act, nor unless the same be for at least 
one foot of its height above the surface of the street or 
ground adjoining, or nearest to the same ; nor unless there 
be, outside of and adjoining the said vault, cellar or room, 
and extending along the entire frontage thereof, and up- 
wards from six inches below the level of the floor thereof, 
up to the surface of the said street or ground, an open space 
of at least two feet and six inches wide in every part; nor 
unless the same be well and effectually drained by means of 
a drain, the uppermost part of which is one foot at least 
below the level of the floor of such vault, cellar or room 
nor unless there is a clear space of not less than one foot 
below the level of the floor, except where the same is 
cemented : nor unless there be appurtenant to such vault, 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 91 

cellar or room the use' of a water closet or privy, kept 
and provided as in- this act required, nor unless the same 
have an external window opening of at least nine super- 
ficial feet clear of the sash frame, in which window opening 
there shall be fitted a frame filled in with glazed sashes, at 
least four and a half superficial feet of which shall be made 
so as to open for the purpose of ventilation: provided, how- p rOT iso. 
ever, that in case of an inner or back vault, cellar or room, 
let or occupied along with a front vault, cellar or room, as 
a part of the same letting or occupation, it shall be a suffi- 
cient compliance with the provisions of this act if the front 
room is provided with a window as hereinbefore provided, 
and if the said back vault, cellar or room is connected with 
the front vault, cellar or room, by a door, and also by a 
proper ventilating or transom window, and, where practicable, 
also connected by a proper ventilating or transom window, or 
by some hall or passage, with the external air; provided, fur- proviso. 
ther, that in any area adjoining a vault, cellar or underground 
room, there may be steps necessary for access to such vault, 
cellar or room, if the same be so placed as not to be over, 
across or opposite to said external window, and so as to allow 
between every part of such steps and the external wall of such 
vault, cellar or room, a clear space of six inches at least, and 
if the rise of said steps is open, and provided, further, that Proviso. 
over or across any such area there may be steps necessary for 
access to any building above the vault, cellar or room, to 
which such area adjoins, if the same be so placed as not to be 
over, across or opposite to any such external window. 

Sect. 18. The board of health may by a vote limit the Board of 
number of occupants in any tenement or lodging' house, or in Healtn ma J r 

L J ° ° limit number 

any part or parts of the same, and shall in such case cause a of occupants in 
notice stating such number to be affixed conspicuously in such ^a^T 
building and served on the owner, agent or person having: the bouse. 

n °, j- T p t , ■ -,!•-,-, ■, St. 1889, c. 450, 

charge thereof. It the number is exceeded said board may s . 6. 
order the premises vacated, and they shall not be again occu- June ' 7 ' 18S9 ' 
pied until said board shall so permit, upon being satisfied that 
the vote will be complied with. Said board may make such 
further regulation as to overcrowding, ventilation and occu- 
pation of such houses and the cellars thereof and of buildings 



92 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

where persons are employed, not inconsistent with other laws, 
as they deem proper. 
Name and ad- Sect. 19. Every owner and agent, or person having 
anda ^nttotT cnar §' e > °^ a tenement or lodging house shall leave his address 
posted oa wan with the board of health, and shall have legibly posted on 
and lodging tl ie wall or in the entry of such tenement or logding house 
houses. ^he liame anc j address of such owner and of the agent or 

person having charge of the same ; and service upon parties 
whose address is out of the city, of any papers or notice re- 
quired by this act, or any act relating to the preservation of 
health, or by any proceedings to enforce any of their provi- 
sions, shall be sufficient, if made by sending a copy of such 
paper or notice through the mail to the address of the person 
or persons so designated as owner, agent or person having 
charge of such tenement or lodging house, and service upon 
parties whose address is in the city, by leaving such copy at 
said address, 
officers to have Sect. 20. Every officer of the board of health, and every 
such'buiidin- °ffi cer upon whom any duty or authority is conferred, shall 
have free access to every part of any lodging or tenement 
house, when required, in the proper execution of the duties 
of his office, 
injunctions. Sect. 21 . Any court having equity jurisdiction, in term 

time or vacation, may, on the application of the board of 
health, by any suitable process of decree in equit}% enforce 
the provisions of this act, and may, on such application, 
issue an injunction to restrain the use or occupation of any 
building or structure in the city of Boston, erected, altered 
or used in violation of this act. 
Fines and Sect. 22. Any person violating any provision of this act 

shall be punished by a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars, 
or by confinement in the house of correction not exceeding- 
sixty days, unless another penalty is specifically provided 
herein. 
Boardofheaith Sect. 23. Every member of said board of health, and 
and inspectors everv inspector acting under said board shall, before entering 

to be sworn. •/ r o o 

upon the duties of his office take and subscribe an oath before 
the city clerk of said city that he will faithfully and impar- 
tially discharge such duties, and the city clerk si mil make 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 93 

and keep a record of such oath. Every member of said 
board and every such inspector who enters upon or discharges 
such duties without having taken and subscribed such oath 
shall be liable to a penalty of one hundred dollars, but such Penalty, 
omission shall not render invalid any act or proceeding of 
such board. 

Sect. 24. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved June 19, 1885. 



c. 

CHAPTER 348, ACTS OF 1887. 

An Act in Relation to Fences and Other Struct- 
ures Erected to Annoy, and for the Abatement 

of Nuisances.- 
Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. Any fence or other structure in the nature 
of a fence, unnecessarily exceeding six feet in height, 
maliciously erected or maintained for the purpose of annoy- 
ing the owners or occupants of adjoining property, shall be 
deemed a private nuisance. 

Sect. 2. Any such owner or occupant, injured either in 
his comfort or the enjoyment of his estate by such nuisance, 
may have an action of tort for the damage sustained thereby, 
and the provisions of chapter one hundred and eighty of 
the Public Statutes concerning actions for private nuisances 
shall be applicable thereto. 

Approved June 2, 1887. 



D 

CHAPTER 89, ACTS OF 1 



An Act Relating to the Use of Buildings in the 

City of Boston for Stables. 
Be it enacted, etc., as folloivs : 

Section 1. No person shall hereafter occupy or use any 1897. 
building in the city of Boston for a stable unless such use is g^ 1 *' 3 



94 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Repeals — 
1869, 
Chap. 369. 

1S78, 
Chap. 192. 



authorized by the board of health of said city, and in such 
case only to the extent so authorized, provided that this act 
shall not prevent any such occupation and use authorized by 
law at the time of the passage of this act, to the extent so 
authorized. 

Sect. 2. Any person violating any provision of this act 
shall be liable to a fine not exceeding five dollars for each 
and every day that such violation continues, and any court 
having jurisdiction in equity may restrain such use and 
occupation. 

Sect. 3. Chapter three hundred and sixt}^-nine of the 
acts of the year eighteen hundred and sixty-nine, chapter 
one hundred and ninety-two of the acts of the year eighteen 
hundred and seventy-eight and all acts and parts of acts 
inconsistent herewith are hereby repealed. 

Sect. 4. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved March 8, 1889. 



Exempt from 
operation of 
building law, 
when. 



CHAPTER 129, ACTS OF 1889. 

An Act Relating to Buildings in the Public Pakks 
of the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. The park commissioners of the city of Boston 
may erect in the parks of said city that now are or hereafter 
may be under their control, except the common, public gar- 
den and public squares, structures for the shelter and re- 
freshment of persons frequenting such parks, and for other 
park purposes, of such materials and in such places as in 
the opinion of the fire commissioners of said city do not en- 
danger buildings beyond the limits of the park. Section 
sixteen of chapter fifty-four of the Public Statutes and chap- 
ter three hundred and seventy-four of the acts of the year 
eighteen hundred and eighty-five shall not apply to such 
buildings. 

Sect. 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved March 19, 1889. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 95 

F 

CHAPTER 90, ACTS OF 1890. 

An Act in Relation to the Employment of Cus- 
todians of Elevators. 

Section 1. No person, firm or corporation shall employ 
or permit any person under fifteen years of age to have the 
care, custody, management or operation of any elevator, or 
shall employ or permit any person under eighteen years of 
age to have the care, custody, management or operation of 
any elevator running at a speed of over two hundred feet a 
minute. 

Sect. 2. Whoever violates the provisions of this act 
shall forfeit a sum not less than twenty-five dollars nor more 
than one hundred dollars for each offence. 

Approved March 13, 1890. 



Q 

ACTS OF 1890, CHAPTER 404. 

An Act Relating to the Regulation and Supervision 
of Wires over Streets or Buildings in Cities. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. Every person or corporation, private or munic- Regulations 

i ,. ,. j, . concerning 

ipal, owning or operatmg a line of wires over streets or W iresover 
buildings in a city, shall use only wires that are suitable and streets and 

° ^ J buildings in 

strong ; shall suitably and safely attach them to strong and cities. 
sufficient supports, and insulate them at all points of attach- 
ment ; shall remove all wires abandoned for use ; shall suita- 
bly insulate every wire where it enters a building, and, if 
such wire is other than a wire designed to carry an electric 
light or power current, shall attach to it at suitable and con- 
venient points in the circuit, calculating to prevent danger 
from fire and near the place of entering the building, an 
appliance calculated to prevent at all times a current of elec- 



96 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Names of 

owners to be 
attached to 
wires 
1S99, c. 320. 
April 29, 1899. 



Officer to be 
appointed to 
supervise 
wires. 



To give notice 
when wire, 
etc., is unsafe, 
etc. 



City may- 
recover 
expense, etc. 



Provisions 
may be 
enforced in 
equity. 



tricity of such intensity or volume as to be capable of injur- 
ing electrical instruments or causing fire from entering the 
building by means of such wire, beyond the point at which 
such appliance is attached, and shall suitably insulate every 
wire within a building when such wire is designed to carry 
an electric light current. 

Sect. 2. Every such person and corporation shall, in the 
several cities, within six months after the appointment of the 
officer hereinafter provided for, affix at the points of support 
at which any such wire or cable containing wires is attached, 
a tag or mark distinctly designating the owner or user of such 
wire or cable. No such tag or mark shall be required for the 
wires of a street railway company, except for its feed wires 
at points of attachment to poles carrying the feed wires of 
one or more street raihvay companies. 

Sect. 3. Every city shall, by ordinance, designate or pro- 
vide for the appointment of an officer who shall supervise 
every wire over streets or buildings in such city, and every 
wire within a building when such wire is designed to carry 
an electric light or power current ; shall notify the person or 
corporation owning or operating any such wire whenever its 
attachments, insulation, supports or appliances are unsuitable 
or unsafe, or the tags or marks thereof are insufficient or 
illegible, and shall, at the expense of the city, remove every 
wire abandoned for use, and every wire which after the six 
months aforesaid shall be unprovided with a tag or mark, as 
hereinbefore required, such expense to be repaid by the owner 
of such wire ; and shall see that all laws, ordinances and 
regulations relating to such wires are strictly enforced. 

Sect. 4. Any city may recover, in an action of contract, 
of the person or corporation owning any such wire as is here- 
inbefore described, any expense which it may have incurred 
for any removal thereof. 

Sect. 5. Any court having equity jurisdiction or an} r 
justice thereof, in term time or vacation, may, on a petition 
of the officer designated or appointed as aforesaid, by any 
suitable process or decree in equity enforce the provisions of 
this act and may, on such petition, issue an injunction or 
other suitable process to restrain the use or maintenance, or 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 97 

to cause the removal, of any wire, post or other support 
erected, maintained or used in violation of this Act. 
Sect. 6. This Act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved, June 11, 1890. 



H 

CHAPTER 323, ACTS OF 1891. 

An Act Relating to the Location, Laying Out, and 
Construction of Highways in the City of Boston. 
As Amended by Section 4, Chapter 418, Acts of 

1892. 

Section 9. If any building shall hereafter be placed or Buildings to 
erected in said city at a grade other than the grade therefor, g r a de of stre. 
recorded in the office of the city surveyor, and which the recorded in 

P office of city 

city surveyor shall furnish on the request of the owner of the surveyor. 
land on which the building is to be placed, or if any building 
shall be placed or erected within the boundaries of any way 
shown on any of the plans hereinbefore provided for, after 
the filing of the plan as aforesaid, and not removed at the 
expense of the owner when required by said board of street 
commissioners, no damage occasioned to the estate, of which 
the land on which the building was so placed formed a part 
at the date of the first advertisement of the first notice given 
by said board, relating to the plan on which any part of said 
estate is shown, or to any part of said estate, by any subse- 
quent establishment of any grade of any highway or by any 
subsequent change of any grade of any highway, shall be re- 
covered by, or be paid to, the owner of the whole or of any 
part of such estate. 

Sect. 11. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved June 16, 1892. 



98 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

I 

CHAPTER 312, ACTS OF 1893. 

An Act Relating to the Repair of Private Drains 
in Streets or Ways. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. Every owner of an estate which drains into 
a private drain in a public or private street or way, who shall 
neglect to put such drain in good repair and condition for ten 
days after being notified by the board of health of the city or 
town that the drain is out of repair and condition, shall be 
liable to a fine not exceeding twenty dollars for every day 
that such neglect continues after the expiration of said ten 
days. 

Sect. 2. This act shall take effect in any city when ac- 
cepted by the city council thereof, and in any town when 
accepted by a majority vote of the voters of such town 
present and voting at a meeting of said town duly called for 
that purpose. 

Approved, May If, 1893. 

Note. — Accepted by City Council, Jan. 6, 1896. 



CHAPTER 257, ACTS OF 1894. 

An Act Relating to the Erection or Alteration 
of Structures in the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. The supreme judicial court, or any justice 
thereof, and the superior court, or any justice thereof, in 
term time or vacation, shall, on the application of the city of 
Boston by its attorney, have jurisdiction in equity to enforce 
or prevent the violation of the provisions of the acts relating 
to the erection or alteration of buildings or other structures 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 99 

in the city of Boston, and may, on such application, restrain 
the erection, alteration, use or occupation of any such build- 
ing or structure which is being or has been erected or altered 
in violation of any of the provisions of said acts. 

Sect. 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved April 16, 1894- 



K 

CHAPTER 337, ACTS OF 1894. 

An Act Relative to Fire Escapes in Schoolhouses. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

In case a schoolhouse situated in any city has not been pro- 
vided with a safe and proper way of egress or other means of 
escape from fire, as required by chapter four hundred and 
twenty-six of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and 
eighty-eight, within six months after the written notice 
therein provided for, the mayor of such city, for the pur- 
pose of carrying out the provisions of said act, may, upon 
petition of one hundred citizens or taxpayers in said city, 
authorize the expenditure upon any such schoolhouse of not 
exceeding fifteen per cent, of the cost thereof, payable from 
any moneys in the treasury of said city not otherwise appro- 
priated. 

Approved May 4, 1894. 



L 

CHAPTER 341, ACTS OF 1894. 

An Act for the Better Protection of Human Life 
in Lodging Houses in Case of Fire. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. Every owner, lessee, proprietor or manager 
of a lodging house containing ten or more rooms above the 



100 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

second story shall, on or before the first day of October in 
the year eighteen hundred and ninety-four, place or cause to 
be placed, a knotted rope or other better appliance for use 
as a fire escape, in every room in said lodging house used as 
a lodging room, except rooms on the ground floor. Such 
rope or other better appliance shall be securely fastened, 
coiled and exposed, and shall contain knots and a loop, and 
shall conform in size and length and in all other respects to 
the requirements of section one of chapter three hundred and 
seven of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety. 

Sect. 2. The provisions of sections two and three of said 
chapter three hundred and seven shall be applicable to the 
provisions of section one of this act. 

Approved May Jf, 1894- 



M 

CHAPTER 399, ACTS OF 1894. 

An Act Concerning the Storage of Petroleum or 
any of its Products and the Erection and Use of 
Buildings therefor. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. No building for the storage, keeping, manu- 
facture or refining of crude petroleum, or any of its products, 
shall be erected in any city or town unless the mayor and 
aldermen or selectmen thereof have granted a license there- 
for prescribing the place where such building shall be 
erected, and the particular location, materials and construc- 
tion thereof, with such regulations as to the height of chim- 
neys, dimensions of building and protection against fire as 
they deem necessary for the safety of the neighborhood ; 
and no building heretofore erected and not now used for the 
storage, keeping, manufacture or refining of crude petroleum, 
or any of its products, shall be hereafter used for any of 
said purposes in any city or town, unless the mayor and 
aldermen or selectmen thereof have granted a license there- 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 101 

for, with such regulations as to the height of chimneys and 
protection against fire as they deem necessary for the safety 
of the neighborhood. 

Sect. 2. Any license, as hereinbefore provided for, may 
be granted on a written application, and shall be recorded in 
the records of the city or town. Upon application for such 
license the mayor and aldermen or selectmen shall assign a 
time and place for the consideration of the same and cause 
at least fourteen days' public notice thereof to be given at 
the expense of the applicant, in such manner as they may 
direct, in order that all persons interested may be heard 
thereon. 

Sect. 3. Any person, firm or corporation engaged in 
the business of, or using a building for, the storage, keep- 
ing, manufacture or refining of crude petroleum, or any of 
its products, in any city or town, shall conform to such 
regulations as to the height of chimneys and protection 
against fire as the mayor and aldermen or selectmen of such 
city or town shall deem necessary for the safety of the 
neighborhood ; but no regulations which the mayor and 
aldermen or selectmen have not now authority to impose 
shall be imposed upon or apply to a building or premises 
now and heretofore used for the business aforesaid. 

Sect. 4. Any person erecting, occupying or using a 
building, or occupying or using a building erected, in viola- 
tion of the provisions of this act, or of any license or regula- 
tions granted or made as hereinbefore provided, shall be 
punished by fine not exceeding one hundred dollars, or by 
imprisonment in the jail or house of correction not exceed- 
ing one month, or by both, in the discretion of the court. 

Sect. 5. The supreme judicial court, or a justice there- 
of, or the superior court, or a justice thereof, in term time 
or vacation, may, by injunction or other suitable process in 
equity, restrain the erection, occupation or use of a building, 
or the occupation or use of a building erected, in violation 
of the provisions of this act, or of any license or regulations 
granted or made as hereinbefore provided. 

Sect. 6. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved May 18, 1894- 



102 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

N 

CHAPTER 414, ACTS OF 1894. 

An Act to Regulate Public Lodging Houses in the 
City of Boston. 

Be it enacted, etc., as folloivs : 

Section 1. Every building in the city of Boston not 
licensed as an inn, in which ten or more persons are lodged 
for a price for a single night of twenty-five cents or less for 
each person, shall be deemed a public lodging house within 
the meaning of this act. 

Sect. 2. The board of police for said city may license 
persons to keep public lodging houses in said city. No fee 
shall be charged for such license, and it shall expire on the 
thirtieth day of April next after the granting of the same. 
Every such license shall specify the street or other place, 
and the number of the building, or give some other particular 
description thereof, where the licensee shall exercise his 
employment; and the license shall not protect a person 
exercising his employment in any other place than that so 
specified. 
1895, c. 449, Sect. 3. No such license shall be granted until the 

s.24, . . . ° 

building commissioner of said city has certified that the 
building is provided with sufficient means to escape in case 
of fire, and that suitable appliances are provided for ex- 
tinguishing fires and for giving alarm to the inmates in case 
of fire ; and said commissioner may from time to time 
require such alterations to be made or such additional appli- 
ances to be provided as may in his judgment be necessary 
for the protection of life and property in case of fire. 

Sect. 4. No such license shall be granted until the 
board of health has certified that the building is provided 
with a sufficient number of water closets and urinals, and 
with good and sufficient means of ventilation ; and said board 
may from time to time require the licensee to thoroughly 
cleanse and disinfect all parts of said building and the furni- 
ture therein, to the satisfaction of said board. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 103 

Sect. 5. In every public lodging house a register shall 
be kept in which shall be entered the name and address of 
each lodger, together with the time of his arrival and depart- 
ure, and such register shall at all times be open to the 
inspection of the police. 

Sect. 6. The keeper of every public lodging house shall 
at all times when required by any officer of the building 
department, the health department, or the police depart- 
ment, give him free access to said house or any part thereof. 

Sect. 7. Whoever presumes to keep a public lodging 
house, or is concerned or in any way interested therein, 
without being duly licensed as hereinbefore provided, shall 
be punished by fine not exceeding one hundred dollars ; and 
any keeper of a public lodging house who violates any of 
the. provisions of this act shall be punished by a fine of one 
hundred dollars, and the licensing board shall immediately 
revoke his license. 

Sect. 8. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved May 19, 1894- 



o 

CHAPTER 455, ACTS OF 1894. 

An Act Relative to the Licensing of Plumbers and 
the Supervision of the Business of Plumbing. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. No person, firm or corporation shall engage only licensed 
in or work at the business of plumbing, either as a master plumbers al " 

*■ ° lowed to en- 

or employing plumber, or as a journeyman plumber, unless gage in or 

i r> ,• i -it work at plumb- 

SUCh person, firm or corporation has received a license or in 

certificate therefor in accordance with the provisions of this 

act. The words " practical plumber," as used in this act, Practical 

shall be deemed to mean a person who has learned the busi- p u 

ness of plumbing, by working for at least two years either 

as an apprentice or under a verbal agreement for instruction, 

and who has then worked for at least one year as a first class 



104 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Journeyman. 



Application 
for examina- 
tion to be made 
to inspector. 



1895, c. 449, 
B. 24. 



After Sept. 1, 
1894, only reg- 
istered and 
licensed 
plumbers 
allowed to 
perform 
plumbing. 



Registration, 
method of. 



journeyman plumber. The word "journeyman,'' as used in 
this act, shall be deemed to mean one who personally does 
any work in plumbing which is subject to inspection, under 
chapter four hundred and nineteen of the acts of the year 
eighteen hundred and ninety-two, or under any ordinance, 
by-law, rule or regulation made under the authority of this 
act. 

Sect. 2. Any person not engaged in or working at the 
business of plumbing prior to the tenth day of July in the 
year eighteen hundred and ninety-three, and desiring to 
engage in or work at said business, either as a master or 
employing plumber, or as a journeyman plumber, shall 
apply to the board of health having jurisdiction in the local- 
ity where he intends to engage in or work at said business, 
except in cities or towns where the building commissioner 
has control of the enforcement of the regulations regarding 
plumbing, where such application shall be made to the 
building commissioner, and shall, at such time and place as 
may be designated by the board of examiners hereinafter 
provided for, to whom such applications shall be referred, 
be examined as to his qualifications for such business. On 
or before the first day of September in the year eighteen 
hundred and ninety-four every master or employing plumber, 
and every journeyman plumber, engaged in or working at 
the business of plumbing in this Commonwealth prior to the 
tenth day of July in the year eighteen hundred and ninety- 
three, and desiring to engage in or work at said business in 
any city or town where licenses for plumbers are required, 
shall personally register his name and address at the office of 
the board of health or of the building commissioner to whom 
applications for licenses are to be made in such city or town, 
and state after being sworn where and how long he has been 
engaged in or has worked at said business and whether as a 
master or employing plumber, or as a journeyman plumber. 
Said board of health or building commissioner, if satisfied 
that the person so registering was actually engaged in or 
working at said business prior to said date shall thereupon 
issue to him a certificate, setting forth that he was engaged 
in or working at the business of plumbing either as a master 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 105 

or employing plumber, or as a journeyman plumber, as the 
case may be, prior to the tenth day of July in the year 
eighteen hundred and ninety-three, and authorizing him to 
engage in or work at said business, either as a master or 
employing plumber, or as a journeyman plumber. The fee Fee foriicense. 
for a certificate for a master or employing plumber shall be 
two dollars, for a journeyman plumber it shall be fifty cents. 
Said certificates shall be valid and have force throughout the 
Commonwealth. In the case of a firm or corporation the 
examination and licensing of, or the registration of and 
granting a certificate to, any one member of the firm or the 
manager of the corporation shall satisfy the requirements of 
this act. 

Sect. 3. . There shall be in every city, and in each town organization 
of five thousand inhabitants or more, and in each town hav- °1^^ of ex " 

' it millers. 

ing a system of water supply or sewerage, a board of exam- 
iners of plumbers, consisting of the chairman or such other 
members of the board of health as said board may designate, 
and in cities or towns having an inspector of buildings, the 
inspector of buildings of said city or town, who shall be 
members ex officio of said board and serve without compen- 
sation, and a third member, who shall be a practical plumber 
of at least five years' continued practical experience either as 
a master or as a journeyman during the years next preced- 
ing the date of appointment. Said third member' shall be 
appointed by the board of health of said city or town within 
three months from the passage of this act, for the term of 
one year from the first day of May in the year of appoint- 
ment, and thereafter annually before the first day of June, 
and shall be allowed a sum not exceeding five dollars for 
each day of actual service, to be paid from the treasury of 
said city or town : provided, that if in any city or town there 
is no inspector of buildings, said board of health shall also 
appoint the second member of said board of examiners, 
whose term of office and compensation shall be the same as 
is heretofore provided for said third member. 

Sect. 4. Said board of examiners shall, as soon as may 
be after the appointment of said third member, meet and 
organize by the selection of a chairman, and shall then 



106 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

designate the times and places for the examination of all 
applicants desiring to engage in or work at the business of 
plumbing within their respective jurisdictions. Said board 
Examination shall examine said applicants as to their practical knowledge 
of plumbing, house drainage and plumbing ventilation, and 
shall submit the applicant to some satisfactory form of prac- 
tical test, and if satisfied of the competency of the applicant 
shall so certify to the board of health or inspector of build- 
ings, in their respective city or town. Said board or in- 
spector shall thereupon issue a license to such applicant, 
authorizing him to engage in or work at the business of 
plumbing, either as a master or employing plumber, or as a 
journeyman plumber. The fee for a license for a master or 
employing plumber shall be two dollars ; for a journeyman 
Licenses to be plumber it shall be fifty cents. Said licenses shall be valid 
ouYtke state anc ^ h ave force throughout the Commonwealth, and shall be 
and to be re. renewed annually upon a payment of a fee of fifty cents. In 

newedannu- ,...,.. 

any. case of removal beyond the jurisdiction of the board or in- 

spector issuing the original license it may be renewed by any 
board having like authority. 

Sect. 5. The board of health, or inspector of buildings 
where such inspector has control of the enforcement of the 
regulations regarding plumbing, of each city and town men- 
tioned in section three of this act, shall, within three .months 
from the passage of this act, appoint one or more inspectors 
of plumbing, who shall be practical plumbers of at least five 
years' continued practical experience, either as masters or as 
journeymen, during the years next preceding the date of 
appointment, and who shall hold office until removed by said 
board or inspector for cause, which must be shown. All 
inspectors of such inspectors shall before appointment be subjected to an 
appointed ° ,e examination before the civil service commission. The com- 
pensation of such inspectors shall be determined by the board 
or inspector appointing them, subject to the approval of the 
city council or selectmen, and shall be paid from the treasury 
of their respective cities or towns. Said inspectors shall in- 
Dutiesof spect all plumbing work for which permits are hereafter 
spectors gl granted within their respective jurisdiction, in process of 
<■( instinct ion, alteration or repair, and shall report to said 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 107 

board or inspector all violations of any law, ordinance, by-law, 
rule, or regulation relating to plumbing work ; and also per- 
form such other appropriate duties as may be required. The 
approval of any plumbing by any other inspectors than those 
provided for under this act shall not be deemed a compliance 
with the provisions thereof. 

Sect. 6. No inspector of plumbing in any city or town 
shall inspect or approve any plumbing work done by him- 
self, or any person by whom he is employed, or who is em- 
ployed by or with him, but in each city or town subject to 
the provisions of this act the board of health shall appoint an 
additional inspector of plumbing, in the same manner and 
subject to the same qualifications as the regular inspector of 
plumbing, whose duty it shall be to inspect, in the manner 
prescribed in this act, plumbing work done by the regular 
inspector or any person by whom he is employed, or who is 
employed by or with him. Said additional inspector shall 
have authority to act in case of the absence or inability of 
the regular inspector, and shall receive for his services such 
compensation as the regular inspector would for a like duty. 
The provisions of this section shall not apply to any city or This section 
town which has heretofore established or may hereafter estab- ^ere there is 
lish an annual salary for the position of inspector of plumb- an inspector 
ing, a*nd in any such city or town no inspector of plumbing witlianan . 
shall engage in or work at the business of plumbing. nual salar y- 

Sect. 7. Each city or town of five thousand inhabitants 
or more, and every town having a system of water supply or 
sewerage, shall by ordinance or by-law, within six months 
from the passage of this act, prescribe rules and regulations 
for the materials, construction, alteration and inspection of 
all pipes, tanks, faucets, valves and other fixtures by and 
through which waste water or sewage is used and carried ; 
and provide that no such pipes, tanks, faucets, valves or 
other fixtures shall be placed in any building in such city or 
town except in accordance with plans which shall be approved 
by the board of health of such city or town, or the inspector 
of buildings, where such inspector has control of the enforce- 
ments of the regulations regarding plumbing; and shall 
further provide that no plumbing work shall be done, except 



108 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



This section 
shall not apply 
to Boston. 



Penalty. 



Licenses may 
be revoked, 
when. 



Plumbers may 
be forbidden 
working at 
plumbing for a 
period of one 
year, when. 



in the case of repair of leaks, without a permit being first 
issued therefor, upon such terms and conditions as such 
cities or towns shall prescribe. But nothing in this section 
shall prevent boards of health from making such rules and 
regulations in regard to plumbing and house drainage 
hitherto authorized by law, which are not inconsistent with 
any ordinance or by-law made under the authority of this 
section by the respective cities or towns within which such 
boards of health have jurisdiction. The provisions of this 
section shall not apply to the city of Boston or to any offi- 
cer or board thereof. 

Sect. 8. Any person violating any provision of this act, 
or any ordinance, by-law, rule or regulation made there- 
under, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and be 
subject to a fine not exceeding fifty dollars for each and 
every violation thereof, and if such person has received a 
license under this act his license may be revoked by the 
board or inspector issuing the same ; and if such violation 
was committed in a city or town other than that where he re- 
ceived his license, the board of health or inspector of build- 
ings having jurisdiction may forbid him to engage in or 
work at the business of plumbing for a period not exceeding 
one year in the city or town where the violation was com- 
mitted. If any person to whom a, certificate has 'been 
issued under this act violates any provision thereof, or any 
ordinance, by-law, rule or regulation made thereunder, 
either the board of health or inspector of buildings issuing 
his certificate, or the board of health or inspector of build- 
ings having jurisdiction where such violation was committed, 
may forbid him to engage in or work at the business of 
plumbing in such city or town for a period not exceeding one 
year. Any person engaging in or working at the business 
of plumbing in any city or town where he has been forbid- 
den so to do under this section shall be deemed guilty of a 
misdemeanor, and be subject to a fine not exceeding one 
hundred dollars for every such offence. An}' city or town 
mentioned in section three of this act refusing to comply with 
any of the provisions of this act shall forfeit the sum of fifty 
dollars to the use of the Commonwealth for every month 
during which such neglect may continue. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 109 

Sect. 9. The provisions of this act shall apply to all To whom the 

L . provisions of 

persons who are now or may be hereafter learning the busi- this act apply. 
n'ess of plumbing, when they are sent out to do the work of 
a journeyman plumber. 

Sect. 10. Any person now holding an appointment as 
inspector of plumbing may retain his position, and, without 
further examination, be deemed to have been appointed 
under this act. 

Sect. 11. The boards of health and inspectors of build- Ins P ector mav 

•"■ expend fees, 

ings hereinbefore mentioned may expend such portion of all when, 
fees collected by them under this act as shall become neces- 
sary to properly perform all duties imposed by the passage 
of this act. The said boards or inspectors shall annually, 
before the first day of June, make a full report in detail to 
their respective cities or towns of all their proceedings 
during the year under this act. 

Sect. 12. All acts'or parts of acts inconsistent herewith Re P eals - 
are hereby repealed. The provisions of this act so far as 
they are the same as those of chapter four hundred and 
seventy-seven of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and 
ninety-three shall be construed as a continuation of that 
chapter and not as new enactments. 

Approved June 6, 189^.. 



CHAPTER 481, ACTS OF 1894. 

An Act in Relation to the Inspection Departments 
of the District Police and the Inspection of 
B utldings. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

1 Section 44. Every owner, lessee, proprietor or man- 
ager of a hotel situated in this Commonwealth, which is not 
otherwise suitably provided with fire escapes for the protec- 
tion of human life in case of fire, or of a lodging house 

1 The Acts of 1894, chapter 481, section 44, seems to be in conflict with chapter 341, 
of 1894, and as it is a subsequent act, and chapter 481 repeals all acts and parts of acts 
inconsistent with it, it would seem as if chapter 341, of 1894, was repealed. 



110 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

containing ten or more rooms above the second story, shall 
place or cause to be placed a knotted rope or other better 
appliance for use as a fire escape in every room of said hotel 
used as a lodging room, except rooms on the ground floor, 
which knotted rope or other better appliance shall be se- 
curely fastened at one end of it to a suitable iron hook or 
• eye to be securely screwed into one of the joists or timbers 
next adjoining the frame of the window, or one of the win- 
dows of said room at least five feet from the floor, which 
rope shall be at all times kept coiled and exposed to the plain 
view of any occupant of said room ; the coil to be fastened 
in such manner as to be easily and quickly loosened and un- 
coiled ; such rope shall contain knots not more than eighteen 
inches apart, and a loop on the end at least three inches in 
length, and shall not be less than one half inch in diameter, 
and of sufficient length to reach from such window to the 
ground. Such rope, iron hook or eye and fastenings shall 
be of sufficient strength to sustain a weight of four hun- 
dred pounds, and" there shall be plain directions how to 
use such rope or other better appliance printed and posted 
within six inches of the hook or eye to which the rope is 
fastened. 

Sect. 45 It shall be the duty of the inspector of build- 
ings of every city or town in the Commonwealth, or if there 
is no such officer, of the chief engineer of the fire department 
of every city or town in the Commonwealth, in the month 
of May of each year to inspect every room of every hotel 
and lodging house of ten or more rooms above the second 
story in the city or town in which he is performing the duty 
of inspector of buildings, or of chief engineer, and to ascer- 
tain if the provisions of this act are complied with, and to 
report the condition of the rope or other better appliance to 
the chief of the district police. 

Sect. 58. Any person violating the provisions of sec- 
tions forty-four and forty-five of this act as to fire ropes in 
hotels shall be punished by a fine of not more than five hun- 
dred dollars, or b^y imprisonment in the county jail or house 
of correction for not more than 'six months, or by both such 
fine and imprisonment. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. Ill 

Sect. 63. Section eleven of chapter one hundred and 
three, and sections one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, 
eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen and fourteen, 
twenty-one, twenty-two and twenty-four of chapter one 
hundred and four of the Public Statutes ; chapters two hun- 
dred and eight and two hundred and sixty-six of the acts of 
the year eighteen . hundred and eighty-two ; chapter one 
hundred and seventy-three of the acts of the year eighteen 
hundred and eighty-three ; chapter fifty-two of the acts of 
the year eighteen hundred and eighty-four ; chapters one 
hundred and seventy-three and two hundred and sixty of the 
acts of the year eighteen hundred and eighty-six ; chapters 
one hundred and thirteen, three hundred and ninety-nine 
and four hundred and twenty-six of the acts of the year 
eighteen hundred and eighty-eight; chapters eighty-three, 
one hundred and seventy-nine, three hundred and seven and 
four hundred and thirty-eight of the acts of the year eighteen 
hundred and ninety ; chapter three hundred and two of the 
acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-one ; chapters 
one hundred and eleven, one hundred and ninety-nine and 
three hundred and eighty-seven of the acts of the year 
eighteen hundred and ninety-three, and chapters three hun- 
dred and thirty-seven and three hundred and forty-one of 
the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-four, and 
all acts and parts of acts inconsistent herewith, are hereby 
repealed. 

Approved June 16, 189Jf. 



Q 

CHAPTER 97, ACTS OF 1895. 

An Act Relative to the Erection and Alteration 
of Buildings in the City of Boston. 



Be it enacted, etc., as folloivs 
Section 1. No building 
Boston shall be occupied a 
than one family, unless it is a first or second class building, 



Section 1. No building hereafter erected in the city of 1899 > Cha P- 161 - 

, Approved May- 

Boston shall be occupied above the second story by more 17, is99. 



112 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

and no second class building- more than sixty-five feet in 
height above the cellar bottom, or third class building more 
than three stories in height, shall be erected, enlarged or 
altered, and occupied as a lodging house, tenement house or 
dwelling house, for more than one family, unless the basement 
and first story shall be constructed in the manner provided 
for the basement and first story of first class buildings, under 
section twenty-three of chapter four hundred and nineteen 
of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-two. 

Sect. 2. Section one hundred and six of said chapter 
four hundred and nineteen, and acts or parts of acts in 
amendment thereof, are hereby repealed. 

Approved March 7, 1895. 



R 

CHAPTER 213, ACTS OF 1895. 

An Act Relative to the Licensing and Regulating 
of Stables in Cities. 

Be it enacted, etc., as folloivs : 

1896. Section 1. No person shall hereafter erect, occupy or 
Chap. 332. r , . 
April 28, 1896. use for a stable any building in any city whose population 

1897. exceeds twenty-five thousand, unless such use is licensed by 

Chap. 300, 

s. 3. the board of health of said city, and in such case only to the 

April 23, 1897. extent so licensed. 

Sect. 2. The foregoing provisions shall not be construed 
to prevent any such occupation and use which may be 
authorized by law at the time of the passage of this act, to 
the extent and by the person or persons so authorized : pro- 
vided, however, that the board of health of any such city 
may make such regulations or orders respecting the drainage, 
ventilation, number of animals, and the storage and handling 
of manure, in any existing stables in their respective cities 
as in their judgment the public health requires. 

Sect. 3. Whoever violates the provisions of this act, or 
of any regulation or order made pursuant thereto, shall be 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



punished by a fine of five dollars for each day such offence 
continues ; and any court having equity jurisdiction may 
restrain any such erection, occupation or use contrary to the 
provisions of this act. 

Approved April 4, 1895. 



s 

CHAPTER 352, ACTS OF 1895. 

An Act Relative to Advertising Signs and Struct- 
ures Encroaching on Public Ways in the City 
of Boston. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

No person shall place or maintain any sign or advertising 
device upon any post in any public way in the city of Boston 
other than by painting ; nor place or maintain upon any build- 
ing or other structure any sign projecting into any such way 
more than one foot, nor any other thing projecting into any 
such way more than four feet, nor any sign or other projec- 
tion the lowest part of which is less than ten feet above the 
sidewalk thereof, except that any awning, lamp, illuminated 
sign, and the fixtures thereof, the lowest part of which is 
not less than seven feet six inches above the surface of the 
sidewalk, may, until the right to maintain the same is re- 
voked, be maintained as it is at present, or, if hereafter 
placed, be maintained as specified in any permit issued 
therefor by the officer appointed to have charge of the 
repairs of such ways ; and any person violating any of the 
preceding provisions for more than five days after he is 
notified by said officer that he is so doing shall be punished 
by a fine of two dollars for each day that such violation con- 
tinues after said notice. 

Approved May 2, 1895. 



114 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

T 

CHAPTER 389, ACTS OF 1895. 

An Act to Abate the Smoke Nuisance in the City 

of Boston. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follotvs : 

Section 1 . In the city of Boston the emission into the 
open air of dark smoke or thick gray smoke for more than 
five minutes continuously, or the emission of such smoke 
during more than twenty-five per cent, of any continuous 
period of twelve hours, is hereby declared a nuisance. 

Sect. 2. Whoever commits such nuisance, or suffers the 
same to be committed upon any premises owned or occupied 
by him, or in any way participates in committing the same, 
shall be punished by a fine of not less than ten nor more 
than one hundred dollars for each week during any part of 
which such nuisance exists. 

Sect. 3. The mayor of said city shall, within one month 
from the passage of this act, designate some proper person 
from among the officers of said city, who shall be charged 
with its enforcement. Such designation shall thereafter be 
made in January of each year, but shall be subject to change 
at any time. 

Sect. 4. The officer so designated may apply to the 
supreme judicial or superior court, or any justice thereof, 
for an injunction to restrain the further operation of any 
steam boiler or boilers which are being operated in such a 
manner as to create a nuisance under the provisions of this 
act. And said court or justice may, after hearing the 
parties, enjoin the further operation of any such boiler or 
boilers, and may also, if deemed just and necessary, annul 
any license or permit which may have been granted for the 
maintenance or operation of the same. 

Sect. 5. Chapter three hundred and fifty-three of the 
acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-three is hereb}- 
repealed ; but this act shall not affect any act done or prose- 
cution pending at the time when it takes effect. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 115 

Sect. 6. This act shall take effect on the first day of 
July in the year eighteen hundred and ninety-five. 

Approved May 17, 1895. 



u 

CHAPTER 449, ACTS OF 1895. 

An Act to Revise the Charter of the City of Boston 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 24. The department for the inspection of build- 
ings of the city of Boston shall hereafter be known as the 
building department, and the title of the officer in charge 
thereof shall be the building commissioner, and all the 
powers and duties of the inspector of buildings of said city 
shall be exercised by said building commissioner. The 
officers appointed as deputies under said commissioner shall 
hereafter be termed building inspectors. 



CHAPTER 453, ACTS OF 1895. 
An Act Relative to Plumbing. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows-. 

Section 1. The provisions of chapter four hundred and 
fifty-five of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety- 
four shall not be operative in any town until accepted by 
vote of a majority of the voters of such town present and 
voting thereon at a town meeting, and the provisions of sec- 
tion seven of said chapter shall not be operative in any city 
until accepted by vote of its city council. 

Sect. 2. Any city may, by vote of its city council, 
exempt from the provisions of said chapter four hundred and 
fifty-five any or all of its territory lying outside of the limits 
of the water supply of- such city, or unconnected with a 
common sewer. 

Approved, June Jp, 1895. 



116 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



w 



Building line 
and height of 
buildings on 
parkways, etc. 



Accepted by 
City and ap- 
proved by 
Mayor, May l'S, 
1896. 



Damages. 



When to take 
effect. 



CHAPTER 313, ACTS OF 1896. 

An Act Relative to the Building Line and Height of 
Buildings on Parkways, Boulevards and Parks. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. The board of park commissioners of a city or 
town may, in the manner and in accordance with and subject 
to the provisions of chapter four hundred and sixty-two of 
the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-three, estab- 
lish a building line, at no point more than twenty -five feet 
distant from any exterior line of a parkway, boulevard or 
public way on which a park borders ; and the extreme height 
to which buildings may be erected upon such parkway, boule- 
vard or public way shall be seventy feet, or such other height 
as the city council of a city or the inhabitants of a town may 
from time to time determine. 

Sect. 2. Any person sustaining damage by reason of the 
establishment of any building line under the provisions of the 
preceding section shall have the same remedies for obtaining 
payment therefor as may at the time of a filing of a petition 
for such damages be prescribed by law for obtaining payment 
for damages sustained by any person whose land is taken in 
the laying out of a highway in such city or town. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect in any city when 
accepted by the city council thereof, and in any town when 
accepted by a majority of the legal voters thereof present and 
voting thereon at a town meeting called for the purpose. 

Approved, April 27, 1896. 

Accepted by City Council and approved by Mayor, May 
18, 1896. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 317 

X 

CHAPTER 219, ACTS OF 1897. 

An Act to Provide for the Further Protection of 
the Public Health in the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. Whenever the board of health of the city of _. 18 ® 9 ' , 

J Chap. 222, s. 1. 

Boston shall be of opinion that any building or any part Approved 
thereof in said city is infected with contagious disease, or by pn 
reason of want of repair has become dangerous to life, or is 
unfit for use because of defects in drainage, plumbing, venti- 
lation, or in the construction of the same, or because of the 
existence of nuisance on the premises which is likely to 
cause sickness among its occupants, said board may issue an 
order requiring all persons therein to vacate or cease to use 
such building or a part thereof stated in the order, for reasons 
to be stated therein as aforesaid. Said board shall cause said 
order to be affixed conspicuously to the building or part 
thereof, and to be personally served on the owner, lessee, 
agent, occupant or any person having the charge or care 
thereof ; if the owner, lessee, or agent cannot be found in the 
said city, or does not reside therein, or evades or resists service, 
then said order may be served by depositing a copy thereof 
in the post office of said city, postpaid and properly inclosed 
and addressed to such owner, lessee or agent at his last known 
place of business or residence. Such building or part thereof 
shall be vacated within ten days after said order shall 
have been posted and mailed as aforesaid, or within such 
shorter time, not less than forty-eight hours, as in said order 
may be specified, and said building shall be no longer used ; 
but whenever said board shall become satisfied that the danger 
from said building or part thereof has ceased to exist, or that 
said building has been repaired so as to be habitable, it may 
revoke said order. Whenever in the opinion of the board of 
health any building or part thereof in said city is because of 
age, infection with contagious disease, defects in drainage, 
plumbing or ventilation, or because of the existence of a 



118 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

nuisance on the premises which is likely to cause sickness 
among its occupants, or among the occupants of other property 
in said city, or because it makes other buildings in said 
vicinity unfit for human habitation or dangerous or injurious 
to health, or because it prevents proper measures from being 
carried into effect for remedying any nuisance injurious to 
health, or other sanitary evils in respeect of such other 
buildings, so unfit for human habitation that the evils in or 
caused by said building cannot be remedied by repairs or in 
any other way except by the destruction of said building or 
of any portion of the same, said board of health may order the 
same or any part thereof to be removed; and if said building 
is not removed in accordance with said order said board of 
health shall remove the same at the expense of the city. 
Sect. 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved, April 1, 1899. 



Y 

GAS FITTING. 



CHAPTER 265, ACTS OF 1897. 

An Act Relative to the Licensing of Gas Fitters 
and to the Supervision of the Business of Gas 
Fitting in the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 
No person to Section 1. No person, firm or corporation shall engage 

ness of gas in or work at the business of gas fitting in the city of Boston 
fitting unless a ft er the first day of October in the year eighteen hundred 

licensed. J jo 

and ninety-seven, .either as employer or as a journeyman, 

unless such person, firm or corporation has received a license 

therefor in accordance with the provisions of this act. The 

" Journey- wo I'd " journeyman," as used in this act, shall be deemed to 

man," means. mean one w j 10 personally does any gas fitting or any work in 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 119 

connection therewith which would be subject to inspection 
under the provisions of this act. 

Sect. 2 Every person, firm or corporation desiring to Application to 
engage in the business of gas fitting in the city of Boston j,®^® ° com . 
shall make application therefor to the building commissioner, misBionerfor 

*■ A l-iii examination 

and shall, at such time and place as may be designated by the as to quaimca- 
board of examiners hereinafter provided for, to whom such f^f™^ 7 " 
application shall be referred, be examined as to his qualifica- ting business, 
tions for such business. 

Sect. 3. The board of examiners shall consist of the Board of Ex- 
building commissioner, the chairman of the board of health, c™p r s s e d!°^ 
who shall be ex officiis members of said board and serve with- 
out compensation, and a third member, to be chosen by the 
board of health, who shall be a practical gas fitter of at least 
five years' continued practical experience during the years next 
preceding the date of appointment. Said third member 
shall be chosen within thirty days after the passage of this 
act, for a term ending on the first day of May in the year 
eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, and thereafter annually ; 
and he shall be allowed a sum not exceeding five dollars for 
each day of actual service, to be paid from the treasury of the 
city of Boston. 

Sect. 4. Said board of examiners'shall, as soon as may be Board of Ex- 
after the appointment of said third member, meet and or- d ™g n r a s te ° 
ganize by the selection of a chairman and clerk, and shall times and 

° J . places for hold- 

theil designate the times and places for the examination of all i ng exami- 

applicants desiring to engage in or work at the business of natl0ns - 

gas fitting in the city of Boston. Said board shall examine Applicants to 

said applicants as to their practical knowledge of gas fitting, asto^their 

shall submit the applicant to some satisfactory form of practi- practical 

"„ knowledge. 

cal test, and, if satisfied of the competency of the applicant, 
shall so certify to the building commissioner, who shall there- 
upon issue a license to such applicant, authorizing him to License to be 
engage in or work at the business of gas fitting, first requiring 
him to register in the office of the said building commissioner 
his name, place of business or residence, license number, 
date of examination, and in what capacity licensed. In case 
of a firm or corporation, the examination of one member of 
the firm, or of the manager of the corporation, shall satisfy 



120 



DIGEST OP BUILDING LAWS. 



Fee for license. 



Inspectors of 
gas fitting, 
number may be 
appointed, and 
their qualifica- 
tions. 



Compensation 
of gas fitting 
inspectors. 

Causes for 
removal. 

Duties of said 
inspectors. 



License num- 
ber to be 
displayed at 
place of 
business. 



Permit to 
perform gas 
fitting and 
place fixtures 
required. 

Application 
to be filed at 
office of build- 
ing commis- 
sioner for per- 
mit t<> do gas 
fitting. 



the requirements of this act. The fee for the license of any 
employing gas fitter shall be two dollars, and for a journey- 
man, fifty cents ; and said license shall continue in force 
until revoked or cancelled, but shall not be transferable. 

Sect. 5. The building commissioner shall appoint, after 
the first day of October in the year eighteen hundred and 
ninety-seven, such a number of inspectors of gas fitting as 
the board of examiners may from time to time determine. 
Said inspectors shall be practical gas fitters of at least 
five years' continued practical experience, and shall, before 
appointment, be subject to an examination before the civil 
service commissioners. The compensation of said inspectors 
shall be determined by the building commissioner, subject to 
the approval of the mayor ; and such inspectors shall hold 
office until removed by said commissioner, with the approval 
of the mayor, for malfeasance, incapacity or neglect of duty. 
Said inspectors shall inspect all new work relating to gas 
fitting in new and in old buildings, the connections and use 
of such work, and shall report all violations of this act or of 
any act or ordinance relating thereto, which now exists or 
may be hereafter enacted or ordained ; and they shall also 
perform such other appropriate duties as may be required by 
the building commissioner. 

Sect. 6. Every licensed gas fitter shall display his license 
number conspicuously at his place of business. 

Sect. 7. On and after the first day of October in the year 
eighteen hundred and ninety-seven no building shall be piped 
or fitted for gas, nor shall any repairs be made in such 
piping or fittings, nor fixtures placed, unless a permit shall 
be granted therefor by the building commissioner. Every 
licensed gas fitter desiring to perform any work relating to 
piping or fitting a building for gas, or to repair gas piping or 
fittings, or to place fixtures therein, shall file an application 
therefor at the office of the building commissioner, giving the 
correct location, name and address of the owner, the intended 
use and material of the building, and a full and complete 
statement of the work proposed and material to be used, and 
shall, if required by said building commissioner, furnish a 
plan thereof, which shall be subject to his approval. All 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 121 

materials used and work performed under the provisions of * a ^£™? 
this section shall be subject to such regulations as shall be formed to be 
made by the board of health and the building commissioner, regulations. 
Sect. 8. No eas pipe which may be introduced into any Timbers, 

& r r J beams or gird- 

building shall be let into the timbers, beams or girders, unless ^not^be 
the same is placed within thirty-six inches of the end of said g^ip^s^ 
timber, beam or girder, and in no building shall the said pipes f^Z\l 
be let into the timbers, beams or girders, more than two timber - etc - 
inches in depth. No person shall disconnect or remove any Meter^to be re- 
gas meter, except the duly authorized representative of the gas company, 
gas company owning such meter. 

Sect. 9. All gas brackets shall be placed at least three Gasbrackets 

Till . to be placed at 

feet below any ceiling or woodwork, unless the same is least 3 feet 
properly protected by a shield, in which case the distance J^^JJa 
shall not be less than eighteen inches. Nothing in this act is used, 
shall be construed to affect the operations of any gas company 
upon its own premises or upon its mains and surface-pipes. 

Sect. 10. The board of health of said city by its inspect- Board of 

,-. health to 

ors shall from time to time, as it deems proper, inspect the i nsp ect gas 
gas fixtures and appliances in any building and shall make fixtures and 

o i -t jo ^ appliances in 

such requirements relating thereto as it deems the public buildings, 
health requires, and the owner of such building shall comply 
with such requirements. 

Sect. 11. Any persons violating any of the provisions of violations of 

J " o j i this act subject 

this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be to fine of $ioo 
subject to a fine of not exceeding one hundred dollars for each ]icense 
offence, and if such person has received a license under this revoked. 
act his license may be revoked by the building commissioner. 

Sect. 12. The building commissioner shall include in his Annual report 
annual report to the city council a report of the proceedings procee aings of 
of the building department under this act, and shall include building de- 

L # . partment and 

therein a report of the board of examiners appointed under Board of 
this act, giving their proceedings during the year ending on ^delTn^Tact 
the first day of February. 

Sect. 13. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent herewith Re P eals - 
are hereby repealed. 

Sect. 14. This act shall take effect upon its passage, 
except so far as is hereinbefore otherwise provided. 

Approved, April 10, 1897. 



122 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



REVISED REGULATIONS. 

Pertaining to Gas Fitting and Gas Fitting Mate- 
rials, Adopted July 29, 1898, by the Board of 
Health and the Building Commissioner, to take 
Effect Oct. 1, 1898. — Amended Aug. 16, 1899. 

{Authorized by Chapter 265, Acts of 1897.) 



Notice of 
repair of leaks 
to be given to 
building 
commissioner. 

No pipe or 
fitting to be 
concealed from 
view until 
approved. 



No pipe to be 
laid so as to 
be subjected to 
any strain. 
Outlets for 
fixtures to 
be fastened. 
Outlets not 
covered by 
fixtures to be 
capped. 
Number of 
burners for 
each outlet to 
be marked 
on plan. 

Pipes to be 

properly 

protected. 

Swing 
brackets to 
have a guard. 
Brackets to 
be kept at 
least 2 inches 
from window 
or door 
casings. 
Fixtures in 
public 
buildings to 
be made safe. 



Stop-pins to 
fixtures to 
be screwed 
into place. 
Cement 
pmliibited 
except for 
putting fix- 
tures together. 



Section 1. In all cases of repair of leaks, a notice giving 
the location and extent of all work performed shall be filed 
with the building commissioner immediately upon completion 
of the same. 

Sect. 2. No pipe or fitting shall be covered or concealed 
from view until approved by one of the gas inspectors of the 
building department, or for twenty-four hours after notice 
has been given to the building commissioner. 

Sect. 3. No pipe shall be so laid as to support 
any weight (except fixtures), or be subjected to any 
strain. 

Sect. 4. All outlets for fixtures shall be securely 
fastened to the satisfaction of the building commissioner, 
all outlets not covered by fixtures shall be left capped, and 
the number of burners for each outlet shall be marked on 
the builders' plans. 

Sect. 5. Any pipe laid in a cold or damp place shall be 
properly dripped and protected. 

Sect. 6. All swing brackets shall have a globe or guard 
to prevent its burner from coming in contact with the wall. 
All bracket outlets shall be at least 2 inches from window or 
door casings. 

Sect. 7. Gas or combination fixtures in all public build- 
ings, theatres and public halls shall be made safe to the 
satisfaction of the building commissioner. 

Sect. 8. All stop-pins to keys or cocks or fixtures shall 
be screwed into place. 

Sect. 9. The use of gas fitters' cement is prohibited, 
except in putting fixtures together. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. VZ6 

Sect. 10. Gas shall not be let on in any building until ^et^necfon 
the work performed has been approved by the building com- Approved. 
missioner. Inside services shall be tested by the fitter who *£ ^ tested ice 
receives the permit to connect the service or meter. hy fltter * 

Sect. 11. There shall be a brass straightway valve on iron valves 
the service-pipe close to the -foundation wall, one at the inlet 
and one at the outlet side of each meter. Iron valves shall 
not be used. 

Sect. 12. There shall be a final test, by a gas fitter, of all J^aitestto 

J & be made by 

fixtures and pipes by two inches of mercury, which must stand gas fitter in 
five minutes ; this test to be made in the presence of one of fleeter * 
the gas inspectors of the building department ; the gauge to Gauge, how 
be made of glass tubing of uniform interior diameter, and so "Re- 
constructed that both surfaces of the mercury will be exposed. 

Sect. 13. All gas-pipe shall be of wrought iron, all fittings Gas-pipe to be 
of malleable iron, and all meter connections of lead pipe of iraa™ 
the same size as the fit or riser. Galvanized fitting's are Galvanized 

,.,.,, & stings 

prohibited. prohibited. 

Sect. 14. Brass solder nipples shall be used on all meter Brass nippies 

,. to be used. 

connections. 

Sect. 15. No riser shall be left more than five feet away Risers, 
from the front foundation wall. 

Sect. 16. All buildings shall be piped according to the 
following scale and properly fastened : 

Iron pipe, f-inch, 



" li inches, 

n « 

» 2 " 

2i » 
3 

U " 

When brass piping is used on the outside of plastering or outside piping 

,... ° of brass to be 

woodwork, it shall be classed as fixture. classed as 

fixture. 



26 feet, 


30 


it 


50 


a 


70 


u 


100 

1 ^f» 


a 


10U 

200 


u 


300 


u 


450 


it 


500 


a 


600 


a 



3 burners. 
6 


Scale for 
piping. 


20 


u 




35 


(4 




60 


u 




100 


u 




200 


a 




300 
450 


it 

u 




600 


a 




750 


a 





tubing to be 
brazed, etc. 



124 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

outlet* and g ECT- n A11 out i ets anc j r i sers s \ lR \\ i^ ] e f t cappe d or 

risers to be L L 

capped. covered with fixtures. 

service-pipes Sect. 18. All service-pipes in cold or damp places shall 

to be painted, L L c r 

etc. be painted with two coats of red lead and boiled oil. 

outlets not to g ECT# 19 q^ out i ets f or burners shall not be placed 

be placed un- ± 

der tanks, etc. under tanks, back of doors, or within four feet of any meter, 
shields, when Sect. 20. All gas-burners less than three feet from ceil- 

required. ° 

ing or woodwork shall be protected by a shield. 
Brass tubing Sect. 21. All brass tubing used for arms or stems of 

for arms of ° 

fixtures. fixtures shall be at least No. 18 standard gauge and full size 

Threads ou outside so as to cut a full thread. All threads on brass pipe 

brass pipe. r L 

Rope or square shall screw in at least -f^ of an inch. All rope or square 
tubing shall be brazed or soldered into fittings and distrib- 
uters, or have a nipple brazed into the tubing. 

Cast fittings to Sect. 22. All cast fittings such as cocks, swing -joints, 

be extra heavy ° ° J 

or standard double centres and nozzles shall be standard fittings, except 
Amended ^ or factory use, where extra heavy or mill fittings shall be 
Aug. 16, 1899. used. The plugs of all cocks must be ground to a smooth 
and true surface for their entire length, be free from sand- 
holes, have not less than f-inch bearing on all cast fittings 
and -ii of an inch on all turned fittings, have two flat sides 
on the end for the washer and have two nuts instead of a 
stems of tail-screw. All stems of fixtures of two lights or more each, 

fixtures. ° 

L-burner cocks shall De n ot less than i of an inch iron-pipe size. L-burner 
not allowed on coc k s shall not be used at the end of chandelier arms. 

chandeliers. 

outlets for gas. Sect. 23. Outlets for gas-ranges shall have a diameter 
ranges. no ^ i ess than that required for six burners, and all gas-ranges 

and heaters shall have a straightway valve on the service- 
pipe. 
Pipes to be laid g ECT> 04. Pipes in buildings shall be laid above timbers 

above timbers. _ ° 

instead of beneath them, where it is possible to do so. 
second-hand Sect. 25. No second-hand gas pipe shall be put into 

gas piping not _ _ . 

allowed. use in any building without the written permit of the build- 

ing commissioner. 
Drops or Sect. 2(3. Drops or outlets less than | of an inch in 

outlets. 

diameter shall not be left more than 1 of an inch below 
plastering, centre-piece, or woodwork, and other outlets shall 
not project more, than | of an inch beyond plastering or 
woodwork. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



125 



Sect. 27. Fastening boards shall not be cut away to outlets, how 
accommodate electric wires. All outlets shall be fastened d i agrams . 
according to the following diagrams : 

Sect. 28. All iron pipes used for piping buildings, all weight of iron 

L L jt i. o o pipes in 

arms, and all items of fixtures, shall be of the kind classed pounds per 
as standard pipe, and shall weigh according to the following 
table : 



Size of pipe. 










Pounds 
per foot. 


i-inch pipe ...... .24 


i-inch pipe . 






• 




.42 


f-inch pipe 






• 




M 


i-inch pipe 






• 




.85 


f-inch pipe 










1.12 


1 -inch pipe 






• 




1.67 


l.i-inch pipe 










2.24 


li-inch pipe 










2.68 


2 -inch pipe 










3.61 


2-J-inch pipe 






. 




5.74 


3 -inch pipe 










7.54 


3i-inch pipe 










9.00 


4 -inch pipe 






• 




. 10.66 


Sect. 29. No g{ 


is pip 


e sha 


.1 be laid ii 


i cem 


ent, unles 



pipe and channel m which it is placed are covered with tar, cement, nor 

. within 6 inches 

nor within 6 inches of an electric wire. of electric 

wire. 

Sect. 30. Wherever spark-lighting or self-lighting burn- s P ark or sell- 
ers are used the mercury test shall be applied to the cocks. ers to be tested 

withmercury 

test. 



CHAPTER 300, ACTS OF 1897. 

An Act Relative to the Use of Buildings for 
Stables. 



Be it enacted, etc., as folloivs : 

Section 4. In any case in which a person has been or 
shall hereafter be granted a license or other authority to use 



126 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

a stable on any land in the city of Boston, such authority 
shall be construed to mean a license or authority to any 
person thereafter occupying the land, to occupy and use a 
stable on such land until otherwise ordered by the board of 
health of said city. 

This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved April 23, 1897. 



AA 

CHAPTER 379, ACTS OF 1897. 

An Act Relative to the Building Line and Height 
of Buildings on Parkways, Boulevards and 
Parks. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows ; 

Section 1. Section one of chapter three hundred and 
thirteen of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety- 
six is hereby amended by striking out all of said section 
after the word "feet," in the tenth line, and inserting in 
place thereof the words : exclusive of such steeples, towers, 
domes, cornices, parapets, balustrades, sculptured ornaments, 
chimneys and roofs, as the board of park commissioners 
may approve, — so as to read as follows : — Section 1. The 
board of park commissioners of a city or town may, in 
the manner and in accordance with and subject to the 
provisions of chapter four hundred and sixty-two of the 
acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-three, estab- 
lish a building line, at no point more than twenty-five 
feet distant from any exterior line of a parkway, boule- 
vard or public way on which a park borders ; and the extreme 
height to which buildings may be erected upon such park- 
way, boulevard or public way shall be seventy feet, exclusive 
of such steeples, towers, domes, cornices, parapets, balus- 
trades, sculptured ornaments, chimneys and roofs, as the 
board of park commissioners may approve. 

Sect. 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved May 10, 1897. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 127 

BB 

CHAPTER 268, ACTS OF 1898. 

An Act to Facilitate the Inspection of Wires in 
Buildings in the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted., etc., as follows : 

Section 1. Every corporation or person proposing to 
place wires designed to carry a current of electricity within 
a building shall give notice thereof to the commissioner of 
wires of said city before commencing the work ; and shall 
not turn the current on to wires that are to be used for 
electric lighting, heating or power until permission to do so 
has been given by said commissioner. 

Sect. 2. The commissioner of wires shall be deemed the 
sole judge of what constitutes proper insulation and the safe 
installation of electric conductors and appliances within 
buildings, and is hereby authorized to make such rules and 
regulations as he may deem necessary to make such con- 
ductors and appliances as safe as possible. 

Sect. 3. Whenever in the opinion of the commissioner 
of wires any electrical conductors or appliances used for the 
distribution of an electric current within a building are in an 
unsafe or dangerous condition, he is hereby authorized to 
cause the current to be shut off if the existing defects are 
not remedied within a reasonable time. 

Sect. 1. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved April 1, 1898. 



cc 

CHAPTER 452, ACTS OF 1898. 

An Act Relative to the Height of Buildings on and 
near Copley Square, in the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted, etc, as follows : 

Section 1. Any building now being built, or hereafter 
to be built, rebuilt or altered in the city of Boston, upon any 



128 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

laud abutting on St. James avenue, between Clarenden street 
and Dartmouth street, or upon land at the corner of Dart- 
mouth street and Huntington avenue, now occupied by the 
Pierce building, so called, or upon land abutting on Dartmouth 
street, now occupied by the Boston Public Library building, 
or upon land at the corner of Dartmouth street and Boylston 
street, now occupied by the new Old South Church building, 
may be completed, built, rebuilt or altered to the height of 
ninety feet, and no more ; and upon any land or lands abut- 
ting on Boylston street, between Dartmouth street and Claren- 
don street, may be completed, built, rebuilt or altered to the 
one hundred feet, and no more ; provided, however, that height 
of there may be erected on any such building, above the limits 
hereinbefore prescribed, such steeples, towers, domes, sculpt- 
ured ornaments and chimneys as the board of park commis- 
sioners of said city may approve. 

Sect. 2. The provisions of chapter three hundred and 
thirteen of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety- 
six, and of chapter three hundred and seventy-nine of the acts 
of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-seven, so far as they 
limit the height of buildings, shall not be construed to apply 
to the territory specified and restricted in section one of this 
act. 

Sect. 3. The owner of or any person having an interest 
in any building upon any land described in section one of this 
act, the construction whereof was begun but not completed 
before the fourteenth day of January in the current year, who 
suffers damage under the provisions of this act by reason or 
in consequence of having planned and begun such construc- 
• tion, or made contracts therefor, for a height exceeding that 
limited by section one of this act for the locality where said 
construction has been begun, may recover damages from the 
city of Boston for material bought or actually contracted for, 
and the use of which is prevented by the provisions of this 
act, for the excess of cost of material bought or actually con- 
tracted for over that which would be necessary for such 
building if not exceeding in height the limit prescribed for that 
locality by section one of this act, less the value of such ma- 
terials as are not required on account of the limitations result- 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 129 

ing from the provisions of this act, and the actual cost or 
expense of any re-arrangement of the design or construction 
of such building made necessary by this act, by proceedings 
begun within two years of the passage of this act, and in the 
manner prescribed by law for obtaining payment for damages 
sustained by any person whose land is taken in the laying 
out of a highway in said city. 

Sect. 4. Any person sustaining damage or loss in his 
property by reason of the limit of the height of buildings 
provided for in this act, may recover such damage or loss from 
the city of Boston, by proceedings begun within three years 
of the passage of this act, and in the manner prescribed by 
law for obtaining payment for damages sustained by any per- 
son whose land is taken in the laying out of a highway in 
said city. 

Sect. 5. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved May 23, 1898. 



DD 

CHAPTER 562, ACTS OF 1898. 

An Act to Provide for Registering and Confirming 
Titles to Land. 

Section 80. No writ of entry, petition for partition, or suits, 
other action at law, or any proceeding in equity affecting the judgments, etc. 
title to real estate or the use and occupation thereof or the 
buildings thereon, and no judgment or decree, nor any writ 
of error, bill of review or other proceeding to vacate or reverse 
any judgment or decree, shall have any effect upon registered 
land as against persons other than the parties thereto, unless 
a memorandum like that described in section thirteen of 
chapter one hundred and twenty-six of the Public Statutes and 
amendments thereof, containing also a reference to the num- 
ber of the certificate of title of the land affected, and the 
volume and page of the registration book where it is entered, 
shall be filed and registered. This section shall not apply to 
attachments, levies of execution, or to proceedings for the 



130 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

probate of wills, or for administration, in the probate court : 
Proviso. provided, however, that in case notice of the pendency of the 

action has been duly registered it shall be sufficient to regis- 
ter the judgment or decree in such action within sixty days 
after the rendition thereof. 

Sect. 116. This act shall take effect upon the first day 
of October in the year eighteen hundred and ninety-eight. 

Approved June 21, 1898. 



EE 

CHAPTER 185, ACTS OF 1899. 

An Act to Provide for the Better Enforcement 
of the Building Laws of the City of Boston. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. No owner, contractor, mechanic or other 
person shall construct or alter a building in the city of 
Boston, except in accordance with plans bearing the approval 
of the building commissioner of said city, and such plans 
shall be exhibited on demand to any building inspector of 
the city of Boston. 

Sect. 2. Any violation of acts relating to the construc- 
tion, alteration, maintenance or repair of buildings in the 
city of Boston shall be subject to the penalty provided in 
section one hundred and thirty-seven of chapter four hun- 
dred and nineteen of the acts of the year eighteen hundred 

and ninety-two. 

Approved March 24, 1899. 



FF 

CHAPTER 326, ACTS OF 1899. 

An Act Relative to Unauthorized Structures in 
a City or Town. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. The supreme judicial court, or any justice 
thereof, and the superior court or any justice thereof, shall 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 131 

have jurisdiction in equity to restrain the illegal placing, 
maintenance or use of any building, structure or other thing, 
and may on the petition of any city or town, by its attorney, 
restrain any such placing, maintenance or use of a building, 
structure, or other thing in such city or town, and may 
require its removal by the owner, and may authorize the city 
or town in default of such removal by the owner to remove 
at the expense of the owner any such building, structure or 
other thing, whether heretofore or hereafter so placed, main- 
tained or used. 

Sect. 2. A defendant in any petition aforesaid who 
relies for his justification upon any license or authority to 
place, maintain or use any such building, structure or other 
thing complained of in such petition shall prove the same, 
and until such proof the presumption shall be that he is not 
so licensed or authorized. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved May 2, 1899. 



GG 

CHAPTER 457, ACTS OF 1899. 

An Act to Limit the Height of Buildings in the 
Vicinity of the State House. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows: 

Section 1. Any building now being built or hereafter to 
be built, rebuilt or altered in that part of the city of Boston 
which lies within the following described territory, to wit : — - 
Beginning at the corner of Beacon street and Hancock 
avenue, thence continuing westerly on Beacon street to Joy 
street, thence continuing northerly on Joy street to Myrtle 
street, thence continuing easterly on Myrtle street to Han- 
cock street, thence continuing southerly on Hancock street 
and Hancock avenue to the point of beginning, — may be 
completed, built, rebuilt or altered to the height of seventy 
feet measured on its principal front and no higher : provided, 



L32 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

however, that there may be erected on any such building- 
above the limits hereinbefore prescribed, such chimneys and 
ornamental features as the commissioner of buildings of the 
city of Boston may approve, but said ornamental features 
shall not be such as to increase the interior capacity of said 
buildings. 

Sect. 2. If and in so far as this act, or proceedings to 
enforce it, may deprive any person of rights existing under 
the Constitution, any such person now owning land within 
the district above described, sustaining damages in his prop- 
erty by reason of the limitations of the height provided for 
in this act of any building on or to be placed on such land 
may recover from the Commonwealth such damages, as de- 
termined by a jury of the superior court for the county of 
Suffolk, on his petition therefor filed in the office of the clerk 
of said court within one year after the passage of this act,, 
such determination and payment of the damages to be made 
under the same rules of law, so far as applicable, as govern 
the determination and payment of damages for the taking of 
lands for highways in said city. 

Sect. 3. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved June 2, 1899. 



HH 

CHAPTER 348, ACTS OF 1900. 

An Act to Provide for the Change of Building 
Lines on Lansdowne Street in the City of 
Boston. 

Be it enacted, etc., as follows : 

Section 1. The board of street commissioners of the 
city of Boston, with the approval of the Mayor, may, within 
six months after the passage of this act, make such changes 
as they may deem necessary or desirable in the building lines 
of Lansdowne street, as shown on a plan of the territory 
between the Back Bay Fens, Brookline avenue, and the Bos- 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. lOO 

ton and Albany railroad, made by Pierre Humbert, junior, 
and filed in the office of the cit}>- surveyor or city engineer of 
the city, and the plan as so changed shall have the same 
effect as it had before the change was made. 

Sect. 2. This act shall take effect upon its passage. 

Approved May 25, 1900. 



II 

CHAPTER 101, PUBLIC STATUTES. 

Of the Suppression of Common Nuisances. 

Section 1. In a city or town which adopts this and the Burnt or dan- 
four following sections, or has adopted the corresponding P™ adjudged 
provisions of earlier statutes, at a legal meeting of the city nuisances, how 
council or inhabitants of the town, if the mayor and aldermen g. s. 87, s. i. 
or selectmen, after due notice in writing to the owner of a 
burnt, dilapidated, or dangerous building, and a hearing of 
the matter, adjudge the same to be a nuisance to the neigh- 
borhood, or dangerous, they may make and record an order 
prescribing such disposition, alteration or regulation thereof 
as they deem necessary ; and thereupon the city or town 
clerk shall deliver a copy of the order to a constable, who 
shall forthwith serve an attested copy thereof upon such 
owner, and make return of his doings thereon to said clerk. 

Sect. 2. An owner aggrieved by such order may, within owner ag- 
three days of the service thereof upon him, apply for a jury appiy^or^ury. 
to the superior court, if sitting in the county, or to a justice G - s - 87 > s - 2 - 

/ ' ° ... 1873,261. 

thereof in vacation. The court or justice shall issue a war- 12s Mass. 36, 
rant for a jury, to be impanelled by the sheriff within fourteen '" 
days from the date of the warrant in the manner provided in 
chapter forty-nine relating to highways ; or, instead thereof, 
if the applicant for a jury so elects, and after such notice as 
the court or justice shall order to the adverse party or parties, 
shall direct a trial to be had at the bar of the superior court, 
in the same manner as other civil cases are there tried by 



134 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Verdict of 
jury, etc. 
G. S. 87, s. 3. 
1S73, 261. 



Costs. 

G. S. 87, s. 4. 



Nuisance may 
be abated, etc. 
G. S. 87, s. 5. 



Sect. 3. The jury may affirm, annul, or alter such order ; 
and the sheriff, if the trial is had before him, shall return the 
verdict to the next term of the court for acceptance ; and the 
verdict, whether before the sheriff or in the superior court, 
being accepted, shall take effect as an original order. 

Sect. 4. If the order is affirmed, costs shall be taxed 
against the applicant ; if it is annulled, the applicant shall 
recover damages and costs against the city or town ; if it is 
altered in part, the court may render such judgment as to 
costs as justice shall require. 

Sect. 5. The mayor and aldermen of a city or selectmen 
of a town shall have the same power and authority to abate 
and remove any such nuisance as are given to the board of 
health of a city or town in sections twenty-one, twenty-two,, 
and twenty-three of chapter eighty. 

Accepted by order of the City Council, and approved by 
the Mayor March 17, 1860. See St. 1855, c. 469. 



Livery stables 
in maritime 
towns. G. S. 
88, s. 81, 
5 Allen, 213. 



Penalty for 
unauthorized 
erection or use 
of stables. 
G. S. 88, s. 32. 



JJ 

STABLES. 

CHAPTER 102, PUBLIC STATUTES. 
Or Licenses and Municipal Regulations of Police. 

Section 38. Whoever occupies or uses a building in a 
maritime place for a livery stable, except in such part thereof 
as the mayor and aldermen or selectmen direct, shall forfeit a 
sum not exceeding fifty dollars for every month he so occu- 
pies or uses such building, and in like proportion for a longer 
or shorter time. 

Sect. 39. Whoever erects, occupies, or uses a building 
for a stable for more than four horses in any part of a city or 
town, except such part as the mayor and aldermen or select- 
men direct, shall forfeit a sum not exceeding fifty dollars for 
every month he so occupies or uses such building, and in 
like proportion for a longer or shorter time. And the 
supreme judicial court or a justice thereof, in term time or 
vaction, may issue an injunction to prevent such erection, 
occupancy, or use, without such direction. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 135 



KK 

GENERAL PROVISIONS CONCERNING REAL 
ESTATE. 



CHAPTER 126, PUBLIC STATUTES, SECTION 13. 

Section 13. No writ of entry, petition for partition, or Relative to 
other proceeding, either at law or in equity, affecting the R egf 8 tayof 
title to real estate, or the use and occupation thereof or the needs notice of 
buildings thereon, shall have any effect as against persons of certain 
other than the parties thereto, their heirs and devisees, and f^°° s * 

*■ ' 1897, Chap. 463 

persons having actual notice thereof, until a memorandum Approved 
containing the names of the parties to such proceeding, the 
court in which it is pending, the date of the writ or other 
commencement thereof, the name of the city or town in which 
the real estate liable to be affected thereby is situated, and a 
description of such real estate sufficiently accurate for identi- 
fication, is recorded in the registry of deeds for the county 
or district in which such real estate is situated ; but this sec- 
tion shall not apply to attachments, levies of execution, or 
proceedings in the probate courts, nor to any case which was 
pending on the fifteenth day of June in the year eighteen 
hundred and seventy-seven. 



136 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



REVISED ORDINANCES OF 1898. 



LL 



BUILDING DEPARTMENT. 



Building de- 
partment 
under charge 
of building 
commissioner. 
To inspect 
buildings. 
1892, c. 419, 
1895, c. 449, s. 24. 
To keep regis- 
ter of 
plumbers. 
To inspect 
plumbing 
work. 



Building in- 
spectors. 



CHAPTER 8, REVISED ORDINANCES, 1898. 

Section 1. The building department shall be under the 
charge of the building commissioner, who shall, in accord- 
ance with the statutes and ordinances, issue permits for, and 
inspect, the erection and alteration of buildings in the city ; 
shall keep a register of the names of all persons carrying 
on the business of plumbing who shall apply to him to be 
registered ; shall issue permits for doing plumbing work, 
and shall, by himself or one of his assistants, inspect the 
plumbing work in a building within forty-eight hours after 
a notice of the completion of such work has been left at 
the office of the department ; and may appoint not exceed- 
ing twenty-four building inspectors for duty in his depart- 
ment. 



MM 

REGULATIONS FOR TRADES, BUILDINGS, ETC. 



CHAPTER 45, REVISED ORDINANCES, 1898. 
Petroleum, Camphene, Burning-fluid, and Naphtha. 

Manufacture, Section 5. Petroleum, camphene, burning-fluid, or naph- 
of petroleum, tha shall not be manufactured, refined, mixed, stored, or kept 
camphene, etc. U p 0n an y street or wharf within the city ; nor in any part of 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 137 

a building occupied in whole or in part as a dwelling-house ; 
nor upon any floor of a building above the first floor ; nor 
upon such first floor, unless the foundation and walls of the 
building are of brick, stone, or iron, and the sills and walls 
are built without apertures for the space of at least one foot 
above such floor ; and all crude petroleum, naphtha, or gas- 
olene, kept in any part of a building above the cellar, shall 
be kept in metallic vessels securely closed. 

Building Limits. 

Sect. 27. The building limits referred to in section Building limits 
eighteen of chapter four hundred and nineteen of the acts of 18 e 92j c 4 19 
the year eighteen hundred and ninety-two are established as 
follows : All that portion of the city which is included within 
a line beginning at the intersection of the centre lines of 
Dover and Albany streets, and thence running east through 
the centre of said Dover street to the harbor commissioners' 
line ; thence by the said harbor commissioners' line around the 
northerly portion of the city to a point on Charles river at 
the intersection of said line with the easterly line of St. 
Mary's street extended; thence along said easterly line of 
St. Mary's street and the boundary line between Brookline 
and Boston to the centre of Longwood avenue ; thence 
throug-h the centre of said avenue to the centre of St. 
Alphonsus street; thence through the centre of said street 
to the centre of Ward street ; thence through the centre of 
said Ward street to the centre of Parker street; thence 
through the centre of said Parker street to the centre of 
Ruggles street; thence through the centre of said Ruggles 
street to the centre of Washington street; thence through 
the centre of said Washington street to a point opposite the 
centre of Palmer street; thence through the centre of said 
Palmer street and through the centre of Eustis street to 
the centre of Hampden street; and thence through the 
centre of said Hampden street and the centre of Albany 
street to the point of beginning ; the said district being 
shown on a plan made b} r the city surveyor, dated June 28, 
1881, and deposited in the office of the city engineer. 



138 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Permits to 

erect or alter 
wooden build- 
ings to be 
applied for. 



Wooden build- 
ings to have 
foundations of 
brick, etc. 



Foundations, 
how laid, and 
of what 
material. 



Wooden build- 
ings without 
foundations to 
have under- 
pinning. 



Wooden Buildings outside the Building Limits. 

;3ect. 28. Every person proposing to erect a wooden 
building outside said building limits, or to alter in any man- 
ner one already erected, shall, -fifteen days at least before 
commencing work thereon, file an application with the build- 
ing commissioner for a permit therefor, such application to 
contain a statement of the number or precise location on the 
street, and the name of the owner of the building to be 
erected or altered, the dimensions of the building to be erected, 
or the nature of the alteration to be made in the building, 
and the name of the mechanic or builder who is to do the 
work, and if the building commissioner so requires, such 
person shall furnish plans and specifications of the work 
proposed to be done. 

Sect. 29. Every wooden building hereafter erected or 
altered outside of said building limits shall have a founda- 
tion of rubble, block-granite, or brick laid in mortar, as pro- 
vided in section thirty of chapter four hundred and nineteen 
of the acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-two, 
carried to the surface of the ground, and no round or boulder 
stone shall be used. Every such foundation, if of brick, 
shall be at least twelve inches thick, and if of granite, shall 
be at least sixteen inches thick, and if of rubble, shall be at 
least twenty inches thick, shall be laid at least four feet below 
any surface exposed to frost, and upon the solid ground, or 
upon piles spaced not over three feet on centres in the direc- 
tion of the length of the wall and driven to a solid bearing, 
the tops cut off at a grade to be given by said building com- 
missioner, and capped with footing courses of block-granite 
levellers. 

Sect. 30. Every such wooden building, hereafter erected 
or altered, the sills of which do not rest directly upon a 
foundation as above described, but on an underpinning, shall 
have such underpinning made of brick or stone; and if the 
building is thirty-three feet or less in height above the high- 
est street level of its principal front, the underpinning, if of 
brick, shall be at least eight inches thick, and if the building- 
is of greater height, the underpinning, if of brick, shall be at 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 16\) 

least twelve inches thick ; every underpinning of stone shall 

be at least sixteen inches thick. Every such wooden build- Woodeu build - 

ing on marshy 

ing, hereafter erected on soft and marshy land, and used land, founda- 
for a workshop or other like purpose, or as a temporary 
structure, may, if said' building commissioner approves, rest 
upon mud-sills or blocks, or on piles cut to the height of 
grade. 

Sect. 31. Every such wooden building hereafter erected s * ren s tb > f c -> 

J «of posts, etc., 

or altered shall have all parts of sufficient strength to carry of wooden 
the weight of the superstructure ; shall be built with sills, 
posts, girts, studs, and plates, properly framed, mortised, ten- 
oned, braced, and pinned in each story; the posts and girts 
shall be not less than four by eight inches in cross section 
and the studs shall be not more than twenty inches apart; 
and no ledger board shall be used in any structure. 

Sect. 32. Every such wooden building hereafter erected Fire - st °P 8 for 

J ° wooden build- 

or altered to be used for a purpose other than as a stable, car- ing. 
penter-shop or other similar shop, shall at each floor have a 
sufficient fire-stop effectually stopping every air-duct except 
those sanctioned by chapter four hundred and nineteen of the 
acts of the year eighteen hundred and ninety-two, and consist- 
ing of a solid, air-tight, cohesive layer, at least one inch thick, 
made of tile, brick, terra-cotta, or like fire-made material, 
plaster, cement, cinders, or ashes, or of a combination of the 
same, or consisting of a layer, of a thickness approved by said 
building commissioner, of some equally non-inflammable, non- 
heat-conducting materials, and every such fire-stop shall cover 
the whole under floor through all stud partitions to the out- 
side boardings ; but every such wooden building to be used 
solely for mercantile, manufacturing, or storage purposes may 
have floors made of boards at least one inch thick, matched 
and breaking joints, laid upon a tight splined or tongued and 
grooved under floor of plank at least two inches thick with 
the spaces between the supporting timbers of the floor open 
and uncovered, and without any fire-stop. 

Sect. 33. Every such wooden building hereafter erected Fir e-stopsof 

J _ certain kinds 

or altered shall, at three places at least in every flight of of stairs, 
stairs, the under sides of which are not open and uncovered, 
have all spaces between the stringers of the staircases and 



140 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



Height and 
walls of 
wooden build- 
ings for dwell- 
ing-houses. 



Additions to 
dwellings. 



Party walls of 

wooden 

blocks. 



Height of 
wooden build- 
ings other 
than dwellings 
or elevators. 



Wooden 
stables to he 
ten feet from 
any dwelling. 

Intercepting 

walls. 

Ord. 1898, C. i. 

Rev. Ord. 1892, 

c. 42, s. 38. 



the joists of the landings so stopped with some of the incom- 
bustible materials above specified as to prevent the passage 
of air. 

Sect. 34. Every such wooden building hereafter erected 
or altered to be used as a dwelling-house, shall not be more 
than forty-five feet in height above the highest street level of 
the principal front, nor shall any external wall thereof, unless 
made of brick at least twelve inches thick carried twelve 
inches above the roof and covered with a metallic covering, 
or with the roof laid and embedded in mortar on such wall, 
be nearer than three feet to the line of any adjoining lot. 

Sect. 35. Every such wooden building to be used as an 
extension or addition to a dwelling-house shall not be more 
than twenty-five feet in height, nor more than five hundred 
square feet in horizontal area, and may be built without a 
brick wall between it and the main building. 

Sect. 36. Every such wooden building hereafter erected 
to be a block of two or more dwelling-houses shall have a 
brick part}* wall between every two houses not less than 
twelve inches thick, carried twelve inches above the roof, and 
covered with a metallic covering. 

Sect. 37. Every such wooden building hereafter erected 
or altered, to be used for any purpose other than for a dwell- 
ing-house or a grain or a coal elevator, shall not be more than 
fifty-five feet in height above the highest street level of the 
principal front, nor shall any external wall thereof, unless made 
of brick at least twelve inches thick, carried twelve inches 
above the roof, and covered with metallic covering, or with 
the roof laid or embedded in mortar on such wall, be nearer 
than five feet to the line of any adjoining lot, but in no case 
shall a wooden building to be used as a stable be built or 
placed nearer than ten feet to the lines of any adjoining lot. 

Sect. 38. Every such wooden building more than twenty- 
five feet in height and twenty-five hundred feet in horizontal 
area, to be used for any purpose other than that of a dwelling- 
house, shall unless otherwise ordered by the city council have 
for every such area and intercepting brick wall not less than 
twelve inches thick, carried twelve inches above the roof, and 
covered with metallic covering'. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 141 

Sect. 39. The requirements contained in the preceding Preceding Ave 

i 1-tt ^ iij_ sections not to 

five sections shall not apply to buildings erected or placed at apply< 
a distance of fifty feet or more from every other building, and 
from every street or way used for public passage. 



NN 

PROHIBITIONS AND PENALTIES. 



CHAPTER 47, REVISED ORDINANCES, 1898. 
Health. 

Section 16. No person shall occupy, or permit others to Buildings to 
occupy, any building owned by him as a dwelling, tenement with sufficient 
or lodging-house, unless such building is provided with suffi- water-closets, 
cient and suitable water-closets, or privies, for the persons 
ordinarily residing or working therein. 

Sect. 17. No person shall place _or keep, in or near any Ashes and 
building, ashes or cinders in such a manner as to be liable to kept _ 
cause fire, nor mix them with other substances, nor to place 
or keep them except in metallic vessels, so placed as to be 
easily removed. 

Sect. 27. No person shall connect any steam exhaust-pipe steam exhaust 

. , ., , . . . ...... not to connect 

with any ventilating, waste, or dram pipe in a building, in- with ventnat- 
side of the trap of the drain-pipe placed near the foundation lng pipe ' etc - 
wall of the building. 

Sect. 28. No person shall discharge any waste water, or waste water 

P . , , ill- from sinks, 

water from a sink or water-closet, except through a dram etc-! t0 be di8 . 
into a sewer or cesspool, or in accordance with a permit from char 8' ed onl y 

x L through drain. 

the board of health. 

Drains. 
Sect. 29. No person shall suffer any particular drain from Not to suffer 
any building or land of which he is the owner or occupant to drainto'ieak 
leak or be out of repair. or be out of 

repair. 

Sect. 30. No person shall enter, or attempt to enter, a E ntry of par- 
particular drain into a public drain or sewer, except in ac- ticular drains 

1 . r into public 

cordance Avith a permit from the superintendent of streets, drams or 



L42 



DIGEST OF BlILDING LAWS. 



Sect. 31. No person shall discharge into a public drain, 



\,.t to ilis- 
oharge steam, 

etc., into sewer, or catch-basin, any steam, nor any other matter or 

i8s» c ':. °Tiev. thing which may tend to cause an obstruction thereof, or a 
Ord. 1S92, c. 43, nuisance, or a deposit therein, or any injury thereto. 

§ 31. 



Use of Streets. 
Not to raise or Sect. 36. No person shall, except in accordance with a 

lower mer- -pi • • • 

chandise, permit from the superintendent of streets, raise into, or lower 
except. from, the second or any higher story of a building, over any 

portion of a street, any article of merchandise. 



Permanent ex 
cavations in 
streets, con- 
struction of. 



Gratings in 
streets. 



Entrance by 
descending 
steps to be 
guarded. 

Erection of 
canopy, awn- 
ings, etc. 
Reg. 1894, c. 2, 



Not to insert 
signs in side- 
walks, nor 
project signs, 
etc. 
Ord. 1895, c. 6. 



Openings in and Occupations op Streets. 

Sect. 51. No person shall make any permanent excava- 
tion under the surface of a street, the inner face of the wall 
of which extends further under the street than to a line 
eighteen inches inside the line of the outer edge of the curb- 
stone or sidewalk. 

Sect. 52. No person shall place or maintain in a street 
any grating which extends more than eighteen inches into 
the street, or the spaces between the bars of which are more 
than one inch in width. 

Sect. 54. No person shall maintain an entrance to his 
estate by steps descending immediately from or near the line 
of a public street, unless the same is securely guarded. 

Sect. 55. No person shall erect any canopy, awning, shade, 
shade-frame or shade-curtain in any street, except in accord- 
ance with a permit from the superintendent of streets ; nor 
shall any person erect or maintain any such structure which 
shall extend over the adjoining sidewalk beyond a line 
two feet and six inches ^within the outside line of such 
sidewalk. 

Sect. 56. No person shall, except in accordance with a 
permit from the board of aldermen, place or maintain an 
American flag on which is placed, or to which is attached, 
any word, figure or design, so as to project into or over any 
street, nor insert a sign in any sidewalk, nor place or main- 
tain a sign, show-bill, lantern, show-board, goods, wares, or 
other articles, so as to project into or overhang any street. 



digest of building laws. 14d 

Bituminous Coal; Wooden Buildings. 

Sect. 99. No person shall use bituminous coal for the Bituminous 
purpose of generating steam in boilers in any building, unless 1895 " Ct 389- 
the furnace in which said coal is burned is provided with Ord., 1892, c. 3. 
some effective device for consuming its own smoke. 

Sect. 100. No person shall erect, or in any manner alter, Erection and 
a wooden building outside the building limits of the city, in wooden 
violation of the requirements of the ordinances of the city, buildings. 
nor except in accordance with a permit from the building 
commissioner. 

Numbering oe Buildings. 
Sect. 104. No person shall neglect, or refuse, to affix to Penalty for 
any building owned by him the street number designated for nU ni D eroii° nS 
such building by the superintendent of streets, nor shall any building, 
person affix to or suffer to remain on any building owned or 
occupied by him, a street number other than the one desig- 
nated for such building by said superintendent. 

Penalty for Violations. 
Sect. 105. Whoever violates any provision of section Penalities for 
eighty-four of this chapter shall be punished by a line not provisions of 
exceeding ten dollars for each offence, and whoever violates tMs cna P ter - 
any provision of any other section of this chapter shall be 
punished by a fine not exceeding twenty dollars for each 
offence, and not only the person actually doing the prohibited 
thing, but also his employer and every other person con- 
cerned in so doing, shall be punished by the said fine. 

Approved July 18, 1898. 



144 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



REVISED REGULATIONS OF THE BOARD OF 
ALDERMEN OF 1898. 



00 



Street." 



Owner." 



CHAPTER I. 

General Provisions. . 

Section 1. Par. 4. — The word "street" shall include 
all public ways, alleys, lanes, courts, and sidewalks, and those 
parts of public places which form travelled parts of highways. 

Par. 6. — The word "owner" as applied to a building or 
land shall include any part owner, joint owner, tenant in 
common, or joint tenant of the whole or of a part of such 
building or land. 

CHAPTER VI. 
For Moving Buildings and Bulky Machinery. 

Sect. 27. No person shall place or move any building 
in or through any street, except in accordance with a permit 
from the superintendent of streets. 
Building Sect. 28. No person moving a building in a street under 

movers not to a permit therefor shall remove any shade-tree in a street, or 

remove shade- . „ 

trees, etc., any branch thereof, except m accordance with an order 01 
except. t j, ie |j 0ar( i f aldermen ; nor interfere with any fire-alarm 

telegraph wire, except in accordance with the permission of 
the fire commissioner ; nor interfere with any street-lamp or 
lamp-post, except in accordance with the permission of the 
superintendent of lamps. 



Moving of 

buildings 

through 

streets. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 145 



Projections over Streets. 
Sect. 32. No person shall project a bay window over Bay windows 

• l i over streets. 

any street less than thirty feet m width unless another bay i 897) c . L 
window already projects over such street ; no person shall 
project a bay window more than eighteen inches over any 
street unless another bay window already projects more than 
eighteen inches over such street, and no person shall in any 
case project a bay window more than three feet over any 
street. 

Sect. 33. No person shall place or maintain any projec- Distance pro- 
tion over a street beyond a line two feet six inches within extend over 
the outside line of the sidewalk, or which shall at its lowest streets - 

' Reg. of 1894, 

part be less than seven feet six inches above the grade of the c. 2. 
sidewalk, or which in other particulars is not in accordance 
with a permit from the superintendent of streets. 

Penalties for Violations. 

Sect. 34. Whoever violates any provision of this chap- Penalities, 
ter shall be punished by a fine not exceeding twenty dollars 
for each offence, and not only the person actually doing the 
prohibited thing, but also his employer and every person con- 
cerned in so doing, shall be punished by such fine. 

Approved August 5, 1898. 



146 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Section. Plate. 

Piling for foundations of buildings under TO feet in height 27 1 

Rubble wall on pile foundation, under 8-inch and 12-inch walls 27-30 2 

Block-stone on piling, under 8-inch and 12-inch walls 27-30 3 

Rubble wall on pile foundation, under 16-inch and 20-inch walls 27-30 4 

Block-stone wall on pile foundation, under 16-inch and 20-inch walls, 27-30 5 

Block-stone wall on piling, under 24-inch walls 27-30 6 

Block-stone on earth or concrete, under 24-inch walls 27-30 6 

Piling for foundations of buildings over 70 feet in height 27-30 7 

Rubble foundation on earth or concrete, under 8-inch and 12-inch 

walls 30 8 

Block-granite foundation on earth or concrete, under 8-inch and 12- 
inch walls 30 9 

Rubble foundation on earth or concrete, under 16-inch and 20-inch 

walls 30 10 

Block-stone foundation on earth or concrete, under 16-inch and 20- 
inch walls 30 11 

Foundations for piers, columns and posts 30 12 

External and party walls of dwellings of the first or second class, not 

exceeding 33 feet in height, with rubble foundation 36 13 

External and party walls of dwellings of the first or second class, 20 

feet by 40 feet, 33 feet high 36 14 

External and party walls of dwellings of the first or second class, 36 

feet to 60 feet high 36 15 

External and party walls of dwellings of the first or second class, 60 

feet to 70 feet high 36 16 

External and party walls of dwellings of the first or second class, 70 

feet to 80 feet high 36 17 

External and party walls of dwellings of the first or second class, 80 

feet or more in height 36 18 

Party and external walls of other than dwellings, of the first or 

\ second class, with rubble foundation, 40 feet or less in height 37 19 

Party and external walls of other than dwellings of the first or 

second class, 40 feet in height 37 20 

Party and external walls of other than dwellings of the first or 

second class, 40 feet to 60 feet in height 37 21 

External walls of other than dwellings of the first or second class, 60 

feet to 80 feet high, and 80 feet or more in height 37 22 

Party walls of other than dwellings of the first or second class, 60 

feet to 80 feet high, and 80 feet or more in height 37 23 

Party and partition walls built through roof 42 24 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 147 

•Section. Plate. 

Sections showing fire-stops on floors 63 25 

Construction showing fire-stop between timbers 03 26 

Construction of floors where fire-stops may be omitted in certain 

buildings 63 27 

Construction of floors where fire-stops may be omitted in certain 

buildings 63 28 

Showing fire-stop in stairs 63 29 

Showing fire-stops under floors and on top of partitions 63 30 

Isometric view showing fire-stop under floors and on top of partitions, 63 31 

Showing fire-stop under all partitions 63 22 

Isometric view showing fire-stop under partitions 63 33 

Diagram showing incline of roofs of buildings over 60 feet in height, 64 34 
Arrangement of floor timbers, headers, trimmers and fire-stop around 

chimney 63-68 35 

Showing fireplace construction 70 36 

Section showing sanitary arrangement 122-134 37 

Dwelling-houses in a block, plan and elevation of, showing height, 

range, and direction between buildings and distance from line of lot. 

( Ordinance.) 36 38 

Other than dwellings in a block, plan and elevation of, showing 

height, range and direction of between buildings and distance from 

line of lot. {Ordinance.) 37 39 

Dwelling for one family, floor plan, etc. ' (Ordinance.) 31 40 

First-floor framing and second-floor plan of dwelling-house for one or 

two families, etc. (Ordinance.) s . . . . 31 41 

Front-elevation framing, showing short bracing, etc. (Ordinance.).. 31 42 

Side-elevation framing, showing short bracing, etc. (Ordinance. ). . . . 31 43 

Front-elevation framing, showing long bracing, etc. (Ordinance.)... 31 44 

Side-elevation framing, showing long bracing, etc. (Ordinance.) . . . . 31 45 

Isometric, showing framing and fire-stops, etc. ( Ordinance.) 32 46 



14S DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 



RECAPITULATION 



CHAPTER 419, ACTS OF 1892, AS AMENDED. 

Section 1. 
Creation of department. Compensation — how fixed. 

Section 2. 
Chief officer. Profession. How appointed. Term of office. 
Removal. 

Section 3. 

Subordinate officers. How appointed. Term. Removal. 

Section 4. 
Non-employment of officers in other business. 

Section 5. 
Deputy inspector in absence of chief. Clerk to have supervision 
• of other officers and employees. 

Section 6. 
Records of department. Returns relative to steam-boilers. Inves- 
tigation to discover origin of fires. Plans and specifications to be filed 
when required. Permits to be granted. 

Section 7. 
Inspection of buildings in process of erection or alteration. Record 
of violations of this act. 

Section 8. 

Inspection of buildings damaged by fire or other casualty, or to be 
raised, altered, enlarged, torn down, etc. Records to be open to inspec- 
tion. 

Section 9. 

Building inspectors .to attend all fires in their districts and report 
thereon to the chief of the fire department. 



digest of building laws. 149 

Section 10. 
Duties of civil engineers in the work of the department. 

Section 11. 

Commissioner to examine plans and specifications for proposed 
buildings before issuing permits. Plans of public buildings to be filed. 
Notice to interested parties. 

Section 12. 
Creation of board of appeal. Constitution of board. Terms of 
members. Compensation. Disqualification. 

Section 13. 
Conditions under which appeals to board of appeal may be made. 

Section 14. 

Right of entrance to buildings by officers of department and by 
members of the board of appeal. 

Section 15. 
Permits. No work to be done without permit. Exceptions. 

Section 16. 

Alterations. Restoration of buildings damaged by fire or other 
casualty. 

Section 17. . 

Definition of terms. " Alteration." " Building of second class." 
" Building of third class." " Cellar " or " Basement." " Composite 
building." "Foundation." u Height of building." " Height of wall." 
" Commissioner." " Lodging house." " Party wall." " Partition wall." 
" External wall." " Repairs." " Story of a building." " Tenement 
house." " Thickness of a wall." " Dwelling." 

Section 18. 
Building limits. Character of structures permitted therein. 

Section 19. 
Stresses in material. Character and quality of same. 



150 digest of building laws. 

Section 20. 
Alterations and repairs of third class buildings within building- 
limits. 

Section 21. 
Moving of third class building within building limits. 

Section 22. 
City Council may make ordinances in addition to requirements of 
this act in relation to wooden buildings outside of the building limits. 

Section 23. 
Description of first-class building in detail. 

Section 24. 
Buildings above certain height to be of first class construction. 
Hotels to be first class buildings. 

Section 25. 
Height of buildings not to exceed one hundred and twenty-five feet, 
nor two and one-half times width of street, etc. 

Section 26. 
Protection of structures during progress of work. 

Section 27. 
Piling for foundations. 

Section 28. 
Foundations. Depth below frost, etc. 

Section 29. 
Grade of cellar bottom. 

Section 30. 
Foundations. Materials and construction. 

Section 31. 
Cellars. Protection of same from water and dampness. 

Section 32. 
Excavations. Protection of same during progress of work. 



digest of building laws. 151 

Section 33. 
Brickwork. Quality and method of construction. 

Section 34. 
Bonding and tying of brick, stone, or other walls. 

Section 35. 
Bonding of brick walls with headers. 

Section 36. 
Thickness of walls of first and second elass dwelling-houses. 

Section 37. 
Thickness of walls of first and second class buildings other than 
dwellings. 

Section 38. 
Vaulted walls. 

Section 39. 
Ashlar. Least thickness and thickness to be included in reckon- 
ing thickness of walls. 

Section 40. 
External walls of iron or steel. Such walls must be protected 
from heat and of sufficient strength. 

Section 41. 
Bearing partition walls and party walls in first and second class 
buildings to be of brick. Plastering such walls. Increase of height 
of walls in second class building. 

Section 42. 
Party and partition walls to be carried through roof. Gutter stone. 

Section 43. 
Strength and thickness of walls where openings or recesses occur 
or buttresses are used. 

Section 44. 
Recesses, chases, and flues in party walls. 



152 digest of building laws. 

Section 45. 
Floor bearings. Not to be more than thirty feet apart. Character 
of such bearings. When trusses are used. 

Section 46. 
Area of spaces in second class buildings not to exceed eight thou- 
sand square feet. 

Section 47. 
Anchors for walls of first and second class buildings. 

Section 48. 
Openings or doorways in party or partition walls. 

Section 49. 
Column plates and caps. 

Section 50. 
Pier and wall plates and caps. 

Section 51. 
Protection of weight-bearing metal. 

Section 52. 
Protection of isolated upright supports. 

Section 53. 
Bearings of partitions which support floors or roofs. 

Section 54. 
Cornices. Material, projection, and protection of same. 

Section 55. 
Weight-bearing capacity of floors. 

Section 56. 

Commissioner's certificate of weight-bearing capacity of floors to 

be posted and maintained. Floors not to be loaded beyond their 

capacity. 

Section 57. 

Brickwork between ends of floor timbers entering party wall from 
opposite sides. 



digest of building laws. 106 

Section 58. 
Bearing of wooden floor or roof beams in first or second class 
buildings. 

Section 59. 

Tying of floor beams in first or second class buildings. 

Section 60. 
Stirrup iron for wooden headers, trimmers, and tail-pieces. Con 
nections for iron beams. 

Section 61. 
Cutting for pipes or other purposes must not weaken supporting 
parts. 

Section 62. 

Distance of woodwork from chimneys. 

Section 63. 
Fire stops in second class buildings. 

Section 64. 
Pitch of roofs of buildings for mercantile, manufacturing, or 
storage purposes, or for theatre, hotel, apartment, or office building. 
Strength of roofs. Skylights upon roofs to be protected with netting. 

Section 65. 
Covering of roofs of second class buildings. 

Section 66. 
Water conductors. 

Section 67. 
Observation stands on roofs. 

Section 68. 
Chimneys. 

Section 69. 
Flues of ranges, boilers, etc. 

Section 70. 
Hearths and trimmer arches. Fireplaces. 



154 digest of building laws. 

Section 71. 
Height of chimneys where soft coal or wood is to be burned. 

Section 72. 
Protection of smoke pipes and furnaces. Register boxes. Setting 
of heating furnaces. 

Section 73. 
Distance of woodwork from hot air or steam pipes. 

Section 74. 
Regulations in reference to boilers, furnaces, and hot water heaters. 

Section 75. 
Exterior parts of second class buildings to be of incombustible 
material. 

Section 76. 
Shutters for outside openings. 

Section 77. 
Regulations in relation to elevators, hoists, etc. 

Section 78. 
Commissioner's written approval of elevators. 

Section 79. 
Commissioner's notice as to unsafe elevators, etc. Operation of 
elevators. 

Section 80. 
Access to roof. 

Section 81. 

Egress in case of fire from buildings occupied by more than one 
family. 

Section 82. 

Egress from schoolhouses, churches, theatres, and other public 
buildings. 

Section 83. 

Commissioner's certificate as to safe means of egress. 



DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 155 

Section 84. 
Explosives and inflammable compounds not to be stored or placed 
so as to hazard modes of egress. 

Section 85. 
Strength of platforms, landings, and stairways of fire escapes. 

Section 86. 
Projection of bay windows or other structures over public ways. 

Section 87. 
Dangerous structures. 

Section 88. 
Buildings becoming unsafe by defect, accident, or overloading. 

Section 89. 
Cost to lease-holders on account of alterations required by this act, 
not in the nature of ordinary repairs. 

Section 90. 
When buildings containing assembly halls are to be made first class. 
Regulations as to exits for such buildings. 

Section 91. 
Frontage of buildings containing assembly halls. Passageways in 
such buildings. . Exits, etc. 

Section 92. 
Stairs in buildings containing assembly halls. 

Section 93. 
Stair hand-rails in buildings containing assembly halls. 

Section 94. 
Boiler, furnace, or heating apparatus in buildings containing 
assembly halls. 

Section 95. 
Lights in buildings containing assembly halls. 



156 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

Section 96. 
All exits in buildings containing- assembly halls to be open during" 
departure of audiences. Plans showing exits to be displayed. 

Section 97. 
No temporary seats in aisles or passageways of buildings contain- 
ing assembly halls. 

Section 98. 
Stages in theatres. 

Section 99. 
Lobbies in theatres. 

Section 100. 
Curtain openings and curtains in theatres. 

Section 101. 
Scene docks, carpenter, and property shops in theatres. 

Section 102. 
Exits from theatres for employees. Protection of gaslights. 

Section 103. 
Ventilators over stages in theatres. 

Section 104. 
Standpipes and sprinklers in theatres. 

Section 105. 
Ventilation for buildings used as schoolhouses, theatres, factories, 
or place of public assembly or entertainment. 

Section 106. 
Buildings for more than one family above second story to be first 
or second class. When lodging or dwelling houses shall be first class. 
Chap. 97, 1895. (See Appendix Q.) Repealed. 

Section 107. 
Limit in height of walls of buildings used as tenement or lodging 
houses. 



digest of building laws. 157 

Section 108. 

Limit of area of tenement or lodging houses in relation to area of 

lot on .which they are placed. Exposure of such buildings on open 

spaces. 

Section 109. 

Ventilation of sleeping-rooms in tenement or lodging houses. 

Section 110. 
Height of rooms in tenement or lodging houses. Windows in 

such rooms. 

Section 111. 

Buildings used for storage of highly combustible substances not 
to be occupied as tenement or lodging houses. 

Section 112. 
Receptacles for ashes, waste, and garbage. 

Section 113. 
Night watchmen in lodging and tenement houses. Thermostats 
or fire alarms may be substituted for watchmen. Lights to be kept 
burning at head and foot of stairs. Directions for escape in case of 

fire. 

Section 114. 

Water-closets or privies for tenement or lodging houses and in 
buildings where operatives are employed. 

Section 115. 
Stables. 

Section 116. 
Grain elevators or buildings for storage or manufacture of 
explosives, etc. 

Section 117. 
Applications for permits for buildings referred to in section one 
hundred and sixteen. 

Section 118. 
Applications for permits for buildings referred to in section one 
hundred and sixteen to be advertised. Objections and reference of 
same to commission. 



158 DIGEST OF BUILDING LAWS. 

Section 119. 
Notices of hearings by commission provided for in section one 
hundred and eighteen. Result of hearings and cost of same. 

Section 120. 
Registration of plumbers. 

Section 121. 
Notices of contemplated plumbing work to be filed. 

Section 122. 
Plumbing of every building to be independently connected with 
sewer or cesspool. 

Section 123. 
Pipes and fixtures to be inspected. 

Section 124. 
Plumbing wwk to be tested in presence of an inspector. 

Section 125. 
Size and weight of drain and ventilating pipes. Manner of secur- 
ing, suspending, or laying drain-pipes. Traps. Drain-pipes carried 
above roof. Drain-pipes below cellar floors to be laid in trenches. 

Section 126. 
Rain-water conductors to be trapped. 

Section 127. 
Testing of iron plumbing pipes. Joints of wrought and cast iron 
plumbing pipes and of lead with iron pipes. 

Section 128. 
Waste-pipes, traps, and air-pipes. 

Section 120. 
Drip, overflow, or waste-pipes. 

Section 130. 
Water supply for water-closets. 



digest of building laws. 159 

Section 131. 
Privy vaults. 

Section 132. 
Steam exhaust not to be connected with soil or waste pipe. 

Section 133. 
Protection of water-pipes from frost. 

Section 134. 
Grease traps. 

Section 135. 
Building limits. Management of elevators and hoistways. Term 
of officers of department. 

Section 136. 
Court of equity may enforce provisions of this act. 

Section 137. 
Fine for violation of this act. 

Section 138. 
Repeal of conflicting statutes. 



U/c/cYSo/K 



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Plate 



Note. — Where the building is under 70 feet in height. 



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Section 27-^° 




Plate 2. 
Note, — For buildings not exceeding 33 feet and 40 feet in height, respectively. 



35 



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Plate 3. 

Note. — Block-stone foundation and piling under buildings where the 
walls are 8 inches and 12 inches, respectively. 



Not e\cecclnag 4Q l Q' 



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Mwp Oct 



Plate 4. 

Note. — Rabble wall foundation and piling where the walls are 16 inches 
and 20 inches, respectively. 



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Plate 5. 
Note. — Where the walls of buildings are 70 feet or less in height. 



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Plate 6. 



SecTiorx Z!~3o 



— 24— - 




Elevation. 




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Plate 7, 




Section 3o 



, _J ^\e\vd Pen. 



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Plate 8. 



Grade. /£ 







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Section 30 



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Plate 9. 



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SccTl \OMl 30. 



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Plate 14. 



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Note. — The height in this plate should be 36 feet to 60 feet. — See Chap- 
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Floor 



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ParTy cruel ParlilTcm Walls builTtbro Roof- 

MWf Dp?. ' 



Plate 24. 

Note. — For buildings over 45 feet in height said walls shall be built 30 
inches above roof, at least. 




5 eel ioix G5 



M. W- FT Del 



Plate 25. 





SccTicvo. t5 

Coi^sTr uoTioix 3h.owiug 
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Plate 26. 



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Ccni^TrucTiorL of floors 
w here -ft re sTojos>Tnay be 
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builclirap*©. 



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Plate 28. 




Plate 29. 



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Plate 31 




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Plate 33. 



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Stcli oix 64 

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Q mode o f Sicle-walK 



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Plate 34. 




Plan. 

ATro i>|7c-Tn-eiiT of -PIoot 

t"i m () c rsjieacler^tr i ro.Tn.er5 ; 

and FireStob around 

p^ — ^ c \i\ -nTTie y s 



Section A. 6. 





icnx 



Section C D. 



Nl-W. F: OeJ- 



Plate 35. 



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blcicc: coixstrucTioix 



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Plate 38. 
Note. — Distance from line of lot now required to be 3 feet. — Bevised 
Ordinances of 1898, Chapter 45, Sections 34, 35, 36. 







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Plcnx 
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M.W-fTQj.. 



Plate 39. 
Note. — Distance from line of lot now required to be 5 feet. Stables to 
be kept at least 10 feet from line of lot. — Revised Ordinances of 1898, Chapter 
45, Sections 37 and 38. 



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Plate 40. 

Xote. — To be not less than 3 feet from line of lot. — Revised Ordinances of 
1S98, Chapter 45, Section 34- 




Firs?" Floor fTOramo -5ccond Floor Plena 
Dwclfnag House. for oiac oir Two -PaTuilies. 




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P!ate 43. 
Note. — Showing size uf i«>sts and girls, and method of short bn 




PtotiT Elevation. f'rciTuiua 



Plate 44. 
NOTE. — Shewing size of posts ami girts, and method of long bracing in wooden frame buildings. 



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INDEX. 



A. 

Section. Page. 
ACCESSIBLE CLEANOUT. 

to running traps required 125 72 

ACCESS TO KOOFS 80 59 

ADDITIONAL KENT. 

may be collected, when 89 62 

ADDITIONAL SAFEGUAKDS. 

for lodging and tenement houses, may be required by commis- 
sioner .... 113 68 

ADJOINING LOT. 

privy-vaults to be two feet distant from 131 74 

AFFIDAVIT. 

to be made, when 116 70 

AGENTS. (See Owners.) 

AIE DUCTS. 

of wood not allowed 77 58 

AIR PIPES. 

to be carried above roof or connected with drainpipe above upper 

fixture 128 73 

to traps required 128 73 

AIR SPACES. 

behind woodwork, etc., not allowed 23 41 

in first class buildings, not allowed 23 41 

in vaulted walls . . . . , 38 47 

ALDERMEN, BOARD OF. (See Board of Aldermen.) 

lower grade of cellars, may license 31 44 

ALL ACTS. 

inconsistent with this act, repealed 138 75 

ALL CONNECTIONS. 

of lead and iron pipe to be made with brass ferrules, etc 127 73 

with horizontal or vertical pipe to be made with T branches 125 72 

161 



162 INDEX. 

Section. rage. 
ALL FIXTURES. 

waste pipes of, to have separate traps 128 73 

ALL WAYS OF EGRESS. 

to be kept in repair and free from obstructions 82 60 

ALTERATIONS AND ADDITIONS. 

definition of " alteration " 17 33 

of tbird class buildings (outside building limits). (Appendix 

MM.) 28-37 138-141 

owner to pay expense of, when 89 62 

permit for 15, 16 33 

plans of, to be submitted 6 29 

subject to terms of act 15, 16 33 

AMUSEMENT, PLACES OF. (See Public Buildings.) 

ANCHORS. 

of beams 59 52 

of floors 59 52 

to be built into walls 47 50 

to be fastened to beams .59 52 

ANGLE. 

walls forming, to be anchored 47 50 

ANIMALS. 

not to be kept in tenement or lodging house. (Appendix BB.) . . 12 49 

ANY PERSON VIOLATING THIS ACT. 

shall be punished by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars .... 137 75 

APARTMENT HOUSE. (Nee Lodging House.) 

egress from 81, 82 60 

roof of, over sixty feet in height 64 54 

APPEAL, BOARD OF. 

appeals referred heard by 13 32 

appointment of 12 31 

architect, with approval of mayor 12 31 

master builder, with approval of mayor 12 31 

mayor to appoint one, subject to confirmation 12 31 

commissioner may be directed to issue or withhold permits, etc., 

by 13 32 

compensation of 12 31 

disqualification of, if interested in case, proceedings upon 12 31 

engineers to make necessary computations when required by 10 30 

expenses of, to be paid by city 12 31 

may enter buildings in performance of duty 14 32 



INDEX. 163 

Section. Page. 
APPEAL, BOARD OF, continued. 

proceedings of, in cases where objection is filed against the erec- 
tion of a grain elevator 117 70 

or building to store combustibles in, etc 117 70 

or placing of engines, dynamos, etc., in buildings 117 70 

powers and duties of 13 32 

questions to be referred to 13, 118 32, 71 

removal of, by mayor 12 31 

substitute, appointment of, in cases of disqualification. 12 31 

tenure of office of - 12 31 

APPEALS. 

cost of, and by whom to be paid 118 71 

hearing thereon to be given 13, 118, 119 32, 71 

may be taken, when 13, 87, 116-119 32, 61 

70, 71 

notice of, to be given all parties interested 118 71 

to be filed with commissioner in writing 13, 119 32, 71 

APPELLANT. 

rights of 13, 87, 116-119 32, 61 

70,71 
APPLICANT. 

to bore for foundation when required 27 42 

APPLICATIONS. 

copies of, to be delivered to certain persons 116 70 

for building and alterations, required 15 33 

for gasfitting. (Appendix T.) 7 120 

for injunction to be made by attorney of city 136 75 

Fob other than Boiler and Furnace. 

hearing thereon to be given when, and cost of 118 71 

notice of, to be given to interested persons when required 

by commissioner 11 30 

to be posted on premises, etc 116 70 

to be published in at least two daily papers 116 70 

to be referred to special commission when objections are 

filed with commissioner 117 70 

to perform plumbing, required 121 71 

to set boilers, engines, furnaces, dynamos, etc., required 116 70 

to take down buildings, required 8 30 

ARCHES. 

trimmer 70 55 

under boilers 74 57 

AREA. 

dampness in 66 54 

elevator in 77 58 



164 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
AREA, continued. 

in front of theatre, etc., to be open to sky, and at least thirty feet 

wide 91 63 

not to exceed eight thousand square feet in second class buildings, 46 49 

of openings, in party and partition walls 48 50 

of tenement and lodging house, restriction of 108 67 

ASHES. 

receptacles for, to be of incombustible material 112 68 

tenement and lodging houses to have incombustible receptacles 

for. (Appendix B.) 11 89 

to be kept so as not to cause fire. (Appendix NN~.) 17 41 

ASHLAR. 

to be at least four inches thick 39 47 

to be tied to backing, or properly bonded 39 47 

ATTORNEY OF CITY. 

to enforce provisions of building law. (Appendix J.) 31 98 

AUDIENCE OR ASSEMBLY HALL. (See Public Buildings.) 

additional exits in 91 63 

aisles, gradient of 91 63 

aisles of, not to be obstructed 97 64 

all doors to open outward 91 63 

all exits in, to be opened for departing audience 96 64 

boilers or heating apparatus not to be located under auditorium, 

passageways, or stairways 94 64 

exits in 90 62 

front of, to be full width of auditorium 91 63 

front of, to be on a thirty-foot street, etc 91 63 

hand rails to stairs and landings in 93 64 

length of flights in 92 64 

persons not allowed to stand in aisles of 97 64 

plans of, showing exits to be printed on programmes 96 64 

risers of stair stringers not to exceed seven and one-half inches . . 92 64 

to be first class building '. 90 62 

to be provided with a system of ventilation 105 66 

treads to be not less than ten and one-half inches 92 64 

width of landings in 92 64 

AUDITORIUM. 

lobbies to 99 65 

ventilation of 105 66 

AITOMATIC FIRE ALARMS. 

when required 113 69 



INDEX. 165 

Section. Page. 
AUTOMATIC SPRINKLERS. 

when required 104 66 

AWNING. 

erection of, in street. (Appendix _ZV_ZV.) 55 142 

B. 

BASEMENT CELLAR. ( See Cellar.) 

BASEMENT STORY. 

grade of 29, 31 43, 44 

to be first-class construction, when. (Appendix Q. ) 1 111 

BAY WINDOWS. 

not to project into street 86 61 

projection of, relating to. ( Appendix 00. ) 32, 33 144, 145 

BEAMS. 

calculations for strength of 19 36 

of iron, to have proper connections 60 52 

of wood, tail beams, etc., to be hung in stirrup irons 60 52 

to be strapped together 59 52 

BEARING PARTITION WALLS. 

to be carried above roof and metal covered 42 48 

to be of brick and metal lathed, or plastered on wall 41 48 

BITUMINOUS COAL. 

use prohibited unless smoke-consumer is used. (Appendix T. ) . . . 1-5 114 

(Appendix NN.) 99 143 

BLINDS. (See Shutters.) 

how hung and constructed 76 57 

to be of fire-resisting material, when 76 57 

when required 76 57 

BLOCK STONE FOUNDATIONS. 

thickness of 30 43 

BOARD OF ALDERMEN. 

., , , . . , ( (Appendix 00.)... 32 144 
permit from, for projections into street, etc. > . . ,. „,.,,. 

I (Appendix NN.) . . 56 144 

powers of, in relation to grade of cellars 31 44 

BOARD OF APPEAL. (.See Appeals.) 

appeals referred heard by 13, 118 32, 71 

appointment of 12 31 

architect, with approval of mayor 12 31 

master builder, with approval of mayor 12 31 

mayor to appoint one, subject to confirmation 12 31 



166 IXDEX. 

Section. Page. 
BOARD OF APPEAL, continio,!. 

commissioner may be directed to issue or withhold permits, etc., 

by 13 32 

compensation of 12 31 

ilisqualifications of, if interested in case, proceedings upon 12 31 

engineers to make necessary computations when required by 10 30 

expenses of, to be paid by city 12 31 

may enter buildings in performance of duty 14 32 

proceedings of, in cases where objection is filed against the erec- 
tion of a grain elevator 1 17 70 

or building to store combustibles in, etc 117 70 

or placing of engines, dynamos, etc., in buildings 117 70 

powers and duties of 13, 118 32, 71 

questions to be referred to 13, 118 32, 71 

removal of, by mayor 12 31 

substitute, appointment of, in cases of disqualification 12 31 

tenure of office of 12 31 

BOARD OF HEALTH. 

authority to make other regulations with regard to tenement and 

lodging houses. {Appendix B.) 18 91 

duties of, in regard. to infectious diseases. (Appendix B.) ....... 15 90 

members and inspectors of, to be sworn. (Appendix B.) 23 92 

officers of, to have access to tenement houses. (Appendix B.). . . 20 92 

may give permit for occupancy of cellars, when. (Appendix B.) . . 17 90 
number of occupants of tenement and lodging houses may be 

limited by. (Appendix B.) 18 91 

BOARDING HOUSE. 

egress from 81, 82 60 

BOILER ROOMS. 

doors of, to be iron or metal covered 74 57 

to be constructed of incombustible material 74 57 

BOILERS. 

form of application to set 116 70 

flue of, to be eight inches thick 68 55 

flues, constriaction of 69 55 

not to be located under stairways, hallways, etc 94 64 

returns of 6 29 

permit to set, required 74, 116 57, 70 

to be enclosed in fire-proof room 74 57 

when located above cellar, how to be placed 74 57 

BONDING COURSE. 

every eighth course to be bonded 35 4."> 

BOULDER STONES. 

not allowed in foundation 30 43 



INDEX. 



167 



-MTtil.ll. 

BOULEVARDS. 

buildings on, height and line of. (Appendix W. ) 1 

(Appendix A A.) 1 

BRICK BUILDING. 

all weight-bearing metal in, to be fireproof ed 51, 52 

definition of. (-See Building of First ok Second Class.) 17 

dwelling house, thickness of external and party walls 36 

other than dwelling, thickness of external and party walls 37 

BRICK FLUES. 

construction of 68 

BRICK FOUNDATIONS. 

thickness of 30 

BRICK PARTITION WALLS. 

when required 46 

BRICK WALLS. 

to be properly and securely bonded and tied 34 

BRICKWORK. 

between ends of floors and roof timbers 57 

how laid, etc , 33 

quality of 33 

stresses for 19 

supports of, over fireplaces 70 

BRIDGES. 

exempt from operations of law 15 

BUILDING DEPARTMENT. 

appointment and confirmation of officers of 3 

chief officer of 2 

creation of 1 

commissioner of, may appoint not exceeding twenty-four build- 
ing inspectors. (Appendix LL.) 1 

may appoint an inspector as his deputy, when 5 

designation of 1 

duties of. (Appendix LL.) 1 

clerk of department 5 

commissioner 6 

inspectors 7-9 

engineers to make necessary computations upon request of com- 
missioner 10 

officers of, compensation of, to be provided by ordinance 1 

may enter buildings in performance of duty 14 

not to engage in other business, or be interested in building 

contracts 4 



rage. 

116 
126 



50, 51 
33 
46 
46 



55 



43 



49 



45 



52 
45 
45 
36 
55 



33 



29 

28 
28 

136 

29 
28 
136 
29 
29 
30 

30 

28 
32 

29 



168 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
BUILDING DEPARTMENT, continued. 

officers of, number of, to be determined by ordinance 3 29 

right of, to enter buildings 14 32 

tenure of office of 3 29 

not affected by 1892, chap. 419 135 74 

to include such number of civil engineers as city council may 

determine 3 29 

to be provided with office room and supplies 1 2S 

under charge of building commissioner. {Appendix LL. ) 1 136 

BUILDING INSPECTORS. 

appointment of ; 3 29 

causes for removal 3 29 

compensation to be fixed by city council 1 28 

not to be interested in contracts 4 29 

number to be determined by city council 3 29 

right to enter buildings 14 32 

term of office 3 29 

to attend fires 9 30 

to examine all buildings in process of erection, alteration and 

repair, etc 7 30 

to examine all buildings under application to enlarge, alter, or 

repair, etc S 30 

to examine all dangerous or damaged buildings 8 30 

BUILDING LAWS. 

attorney of city to enforce provisions of. (Appendix J.) 1 98 

enforcement of. (Appendix EE.) 1, 2 130 

not to apply to United States government 15 33 

certain structures 15 33 

BUILDING LIMITS. 

alteration, etc., of third class buildings within 20 40 

as established by ordinance. (Appendix MM. ) 27 137 

buildings within, allowable 18 35 

height of, limited 18 35 

location and construction of to be approved by commissioner, 18 35 

city may establish and extend, from time to time 18 35 

commissioner, permit from, required for alteration of third class 

buildings within 20 40 

courts having equity jurisdiction may enforce laws relative to. .. . 136 75 

moving of third class buildings within 21 40 

no wooden or frame building to be built within 18 35 

ordinances relating to, to remain in force until, etc 135 74 

wooden buildings outside, erection, etc., additional requirements 

may be made by ordinance 22 41 

BUILDING LINE. 

on parkways, boulevards, etc. (Appendix W.) 1 116 



INDEX. 169 

Section. Page. 
BUILDING OF THE "FIRST CLASS." (See Buildings.) 

BUIDING OF THE «i SECOND CLASS." (See Buildings.) 
BUILDING OF THE "THIRD CLASS." (See Buildings.) 

BUILDINGS. 

Board of Appeal. 

appeals referred heard by 13, 118 32, 71 

appointment of 12 31 

architect, with approval of mayor 12 31 

master builder, with approval of mayor 12 31 

mayor to appoint one, subject to confirmation 12 31 

commissioner may be directed to issue or withhold permits, 

etc., by 13 32 

compensation of 12 31 

disqualification of, if interested in case, proceedings upon. .. 12 31 

engineers to make necessary computations when required by, 10 30 

expenses of, to be paid by city 12 31 

may enter buildings in performance of duty 14 32 

proceedings of, in cases where objection is filed against the 

erection of a grain elevator. 117 70 

or building to store combustibles in, etc 117 70 

or placing of engines, dynamos, etc., in buildings 117 70 

powers and duties of 13 32 

questions to be referred to .' 13, 118 32, 71 

removal of, by mayor 12 31 

substitute, appointment of, in cases of disqualification 12 31 

tenure of office of 12 31 

Building Department. 

appointment and confirmation of officers of 3 29 

chief officer of 3 28 

creation of 1 28 

commissioner of, may appoint not exceeding twenty-four 

building inspectors. (Appendix LL.) 1 136 

designation of 1 28 

duties of. (Appendix LL.) 1 136 

duties of clerk of department 5 29 

duties of commissioner 6 29 

duties of inspectors • 7-9 30 

engineers to make necessary computations upon request of 

commissioner 10 30 

officers of, compensation of, to be provided by ordinance .... 1 28 

may enter buildings in performance of duty 14 32 

not to be engaged in other business, or be interested in 

building contracts 4 29 



170 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
BUILDINGS, continued. 

Building Department, continued. 

officers of, number of, to be determined by ordinance 3 29 

right of, to enter buildings 14 32 

tenure of office of 3 29 

not affected by 1892, chap. 419 135 74 

to include such number of civil engineers as city council 

may determine 3 29 

Building Inspectors. 

appointment of 3 29 

causes for removal 3 29 

compensation to be fixed by city council 1 2S 

not to be interested in contracts 4 29 

number to be determined by city council 3 29 

right to enter buildings 14 32 

term of office 3 29 

to attend fires 9 30 

to examine all buildings in process of erection, alteration and 

repair, etc 7 30 

to examine all buildings under application to enlarge, alter, 

or repair, etc 8 30 

to examine all dangerous or damaged buildings 8 30 

Building Laws. 

attorney of city to enforce provisions of. (Appendix J.) . . . . 1 98 

enforcement of. (Appendix EE.) 1,2 130 

not to apply to United States government 15 33 

certain structures 15 33 

Building Limits. 

alteration, etc., of third class buildings within 20 40 

as established by ordinance. (Appendix MM.) 27 137 

buildings within, allowable 18 35 

height of, limited 18 35 

location and construction of to be approved by commis- 
sioner 18 35 

city may establish and extend, from time to time 18 35 

commissioner, permit from, required for alteration of third 

class buildings within 20 40 

courts having equity jurisdiction may enforce laws relative to, 136 75 

moving of third class buildings within . '. 21 40 

no wooden or frame building to be built within 18 35 

ordinances relating to, to remain in force until, etc 135 74 

wooden buildings outside, erection, etc., additional require- 
ments may be made by ordinance 22 41 



INDEX. 1J1 

Section. Page. 



BUILDINGS, continued. 



Building Line. 

on parkways, boulevards, etc. {Appendix W.) 1 116 

Building of the "First Class." 

air spaces not allowed in 23 41 

building containing audience ball of certain capacity to be. . . 90 62 

buildings wbicb are required to be first class 24, 90 41, 62 

floor bearing supports in, distance between, materials, etc., of, 45 49 

floors, construction of, in 23 41 

beigbt 24 41 

beigbt not to exceed one hundred and twenty-five feet 25 42 

height not to exceed two and one-half times width of street. . 25 42 

hotels, certain, to be included in 24 41 

material, non-inflammable, to be used in construction of.. .. 23 41 
meaning of term defined. (See Terms used in Building 

Law.) 17 33 

metal, weight bearing, to be protected 51 50 

mortar for, below level of water 19 36 

mortars used in construction of, how made 19 36 

openings, outside, to be protected by shutters 76 57 

piles, to have three rows of, etc., for foundation 27 42 

requirements for 23 41 

shutters for protection of openings in 76- 57 

supports, upright, protection of 52 51 

theatres hereafter built to be 90 62 

to consist of 23 41 

walls of, meeting at angle, to be anchored 47 50 

walls of, thickness of external and party 36, 37 46 

party, etc., to be of brick 41 48 

furring and plastering of 41 48 

wood, use of, in construction of 23 41 

Building of the "Second Class." 

air ducts in, to be stopped at each story .• 63 53 

beams, floor or roof, entering walls, how arranged 58 52 

how secured to walls 59 52 

definition of 17 33 

exterior parts of certain, to be of incombustible material 75 57 

external parts above forty-five feet to be of incombustible 

material 75 57 

fire stops in, how constructed 63 53 

floor bearing supports in, distance between materials, etc., of, 45 49 

metal, weight bearing, to be protected •. 51 50 

mortar for 19 36 

mortars used in construction of, how made 19 36 

openings outside, to be protected by shutters 76 57 



172 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
BUILDINGS, continued. 

Building of the "Second Class," continued. 

roofs, capacity of new roofs 64 54 

covering of 65 54 

pitch, not to be over twenty degrees 64 54 

shall have brick partition walls 46 49 

shutters for protection of openings in 76 57 

skylight to be covered with netting, when 64 54 

space in, how divided by brick partition walls 46 49 

to be roofed with non-combustible material 65 54 

walls of, meeting at angle, to be anchored, etc 47 50 

walls, thickness of external and party 36, 37 46 

party, etc. , to be of brick 41 48 

furring and plastering of 41 48 

to be tied to floor beams 59 52 

Building of the "Third Class." (Within Building Limits.) 

alterations, etc., on, within building limits, how made 20 40 

area of, within building limits not to be increased 20 40 

cannot be moved to any position in said limits 21 40 

commissioner may authorize sheds at building sites 18 35 

city of Boston may establish limits in other districts 18 35 

extend limits 18 35 

construction and location of certain, subject to approval of 

commissioner 18 35 

exterior to be covered with incombustible materials, when 18 35 

height of such buildings 18 35 

meaning of term defined. (See Terms used in Building 

Law.) 17 33 

mortar for 19 36 

mortars used in construction of, how made 19 36 

not to be built, except in certain cases 18 35 

increased in height or area 20 40 

repaired or altered without permit from commissioner. . . 20 40 
repaired if outlay exceeds fifty per cent, of cost of re- 
newal. . . 20 40 

penalties for violation of building act 137 75 

moving of. {Appendix OO.) 27, 28 144 

what allowed .• 18 35 

without building limits, cannot be moved into said limits. ... 21 40 

Wooden. (Outside Building Limits.) 

dwelling, height of. (Appendix MM.) 34 140 

addition or extension to. (Appendix MM.) 35 140 

to be kept at least three feet from line of lot when used 

for. (Appendix MM.) 34 140 

erection and alteration of. '(Appendix MM.) 28-39 138-141 

exemptions relating to. (Appendix MM.) 39 141 



INDEX. 116 

Section. Page. 
BUILDINGS, continued. 

Building of the "Third Class," continued. 
"Wooden. (Outside Building Limits), continued. 

firestops in. (Appendix MM.) 32, 33 139 

for stables not to be built nearer tban ten feet to line of lot. 

{Appendix MM.) 37 140 

foundation of, material of. (Appendix MM.) 29 138 

bow laid. (Appendix MM.) 29 138 

piling under. (Appendix MM.) 29 138 

how capped. (Appendix MM.) 29 138 

framing of. (Appendix MM. ) 31 139 

moving of. (Appendix 00.) 27, 38 144 

no ledger boards allowed. (Appendix MM.) 31 139 

notice to be given commissioner of proposed alteration or 

erection. (Appendix MM.) 28 138 

other tban dwelling, height of. (Ap>pendix MM.) 37 140 

to be kept at least five feet from line of lot when used 

for. (Appendix MM.) 37 140 

not to exceed twenty -five feet in height nor twenty-five 
hundred square feet in area unless authorized by city 

council. (Appendix MM. . . ) 38 140 

party walls in blocks of two or more. (Appendix MM.) 36 140 

penalties. (Appendix NJSf.) 105 143 

permit required to build or alter. (Appendix NN.) 100 143 

(Appendix MM.) 28 138 

plans to be furnished of work proposed. (Appendix MM. ) . . 28 138 

posts and girts, size of. (Appendix MM.) 31 139 

power of city council with regard to 22 41 

regulation of, building limits. (Appendix MM.) 27 137 

studding in. (Appendix MM.) 31 139 

underpinning of. (Appendix MM.) 30 138 

when built on line of lot to have twelve-inch brick wall. 

(Appendix MM. ) 34, 37 140 

when mudsills, blocking or piles cut at grade may be used. 

(Appendix MM. ) 30 138 

witbin or without limits may be used for hospital purposes. 

(Appendix A.) 1 88 

Chimneys. 

chimney flues, height of : 68 55 

commissioner to notify, if unsafe 87 61 

floor timbers to be two inches from 62 53 

flues in which soft coal or wood is burned 71 56 

how supported 68 55 

incombustible material to be used for 68 55 

inside of all flues to have struck joints 68 55 

lining of 68 55 

n®jiail to be driven into masonry of 68 55 



174 INDEX. 

Section. P;vge. 
BUILDINGS, continued. 
Chimneys, continued. 

not to be corbelled from wall more than thickness of wall. ... 68 55 

not to rest upon wood 68 55 

no wood furring to be used against or around 68 55 

studding or furring to be one inch from 62 53 

to be plastered on brickwork or metal lathing 68 55 

to be topped out at least four feet above roof 68 55 

walls of, to be at least eight inches thick 68 55 

Commissioner. 

appointment and confirmation of 2 28 

causes for removal of .... , 2 28 

compensation to be fixed by city council 1 28 

definition of term 17 33 

deputy may be appointed by 5 29 

duty with regard to dangerous structures 87, 88 61, 62 

may authorize the erection of sheds at building sites 18 35 

not to be interested in contracts, or furnishing materials for.. 4 29 

officers of department of, to be appointed by 3 29 

qualifications of 2 28 

right to enter buildings 14 32 

shall require that plans be submitted 6, 11 29, 30 

tenure of office of 2 28 

to approve egress for tenement or lodging houses. 81, 82 60 

to approve plans and specifications 6, 11 29, 30 

to be chief officer of department of 2 28 

to direct and locate construction of sheds upon wharves 18 35 

to examine all buildings in process of building, alteration 

and repair 7 30 

to examine all buildings on application to enlarge, alter or 

repair, etc 8 30 

to examine all dangerous or damaged buildings 8 30 

to give grade for cutting off piles 27 42 

to investigate origin of fires 6, 8 29, 30 

to issue certificate, when 56, 83 52, 61 

to issue permits 6 29 

to keep a register of all transactions of his department 6 29 

to make a record of all violations 7 30 

to submit yearly statement to city council 6 29 

Commissioner, Powers and Duties of. 

appeal from orders of, notice of, to be given to, by appellant, 13 32 

how taken and heard 13 32 

ashes, receptacles for, to be made of incombustible material 

satisfactory to 112 68 

bay windows, etc., construction of, over public ways, subject 

to approval of 86 61 



INDEX. 



Section. 



BUILDINGS, continued. 

Commissioner, Powers and Duties of, continued. 

board of appeal from, created 12 

substitute may be appointed by, to act as member of . . . . 12 

boilers, to make returns required by law relative to 6 

and furnaces above cellar floor, location, etc., permit from, 

required for 74 

for cooking or manufacturing, to be examined, etc., by, 

before use 74 

bricks to be laid wet or dry, as directed by 33 

buildings in course of erection, etc., to be examined by, or 

assistants 7 

records of examination of, to be made by 8 

open to inspection 8 

to be raised, enlarged, etc., to be examined by, or assist- 
ants 8 

certificate of, as to weigbt-bearing capacity of floor, to be 

posted, etc 56 

cbemical works not to be erected without permit from 116 

columns to be drilled for inspection, if required by 49 

dangerous or damaged buildings to be examined by 8 

may be repaired or removed by, subject to appeal 88 

record of examination of, to be made by 8 

to be rendered safe upon notice from 87 

duties of, before granting permit for 11 

dynamos not to be placed in buildings without permit from, 116 
egress, ways of, owner, etc., entitled to certificate of safety 

of, from 83 

elevators not to be used until approved by 78 

improperly constructed or unsafe, prohibition to be posted 

on, by 79 

operation of, forbidden until new permit from 79 

engines, etc., not to be placed in buildings without permit 

from 116 

engineers to make necessary computations when required by, 10 
erection, alteration, etc., of buildings forbidden withoiit per- 
mit from 15 

excavations, supports for, may be furnished by, when 26 

fire, may enter premises to investigate origin of 6 

escapes may project into streets when ordered by 82 

flues, except vertical ones, not to be made without permit 

from 44 

foundations, increased thickness to resist lateral pressure, 

may be ordered by 30 

grain elevator not to be erected without permit from 116 

ingress, ways of, sufficiency of, to be ascertained by, before 

granting permit 11 

" inspector," meaning of term defined 17 

mortars not properly made, to be condemned by 19 



175 

Page. 



31 
31 

29 

57 

57 
45 

30 
30 
30 

30 

52 
70 
50 
30 
62 
30 
61 
30 
70 

61 
59 

59 
59 

70 
30 

33 
42 
29 
60 

49 

43 
70 

30 
33 
36 



176 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
BUILDINGS, continual. 

Commissioner, Towers and Duties of, continued. 

mortars used in setting stone, exceptions may be made by. . . 19 36 

permits for erections, etc., to be granted by 6 29 

applicants for, may be required to give notice, etc., by.. 11 30 

if refused, may appeal 13 32 

may be required to ascertain nature of ground, etc. . . 27 42 

board of appeal may order issuing of, by 13 32 

for building inside of -walls 34 45 

lowest grade of basement to be designated in, by 29 43 

not to be granted, if outlay exceeds, etc 20 40 

persons affected by issuing of, may appeal 13 32 

recesses, etc., not vertical, not to be constructed except 

upon 44 49 

third class buildings, within building limits, alterations, 

etc., of, prohibited without 20 40 

to erect grain elevators, store combustibles, etc., proceed- 
ings upon application for 116-118 70, 71 

piles, grade at which to be cut to be determined by 27 42 

plans, etc.,- of proposed erections to be filed with, if required, 6 29 

public buildings, copy of, to be deposited in office of 11 30 

plumbers, name and place of business of, to be registered in 

office of 120 71 

notice of change in place of business to be given to 120 71 

notice of work to be done to be filed in office of 121 71 

plumbing, pipes, etc., not to be covered until approved by. . . 123 72 

work not to be done until approved by 121 71 

not to be used until tested in presence of 124 72 

record of violations of building laws to be made by 7 30 

rendering works not to be erected without permit from 116 70 

requirements as to protection of hot air and smoke pipes, 

etc., may be dispensed with by .... , 72 56 

skylights to have wire netting when required by 64 54 

stables, rooms in, for coachmen, etc., maybe authorized by . . Ill 68 
stairways used for egress may project over public ways, 

when permitted by 82 60 

stonework, stresses in, may be less, if approved by , 19 36 

supports of structures in process of construction, etc 26 42 

tenement houses, etc., fire alarm system in, may be substi- 
tuted for watchmen, if approved by 113 69 

prevention, etc., of fire in, additional requirements may 

be made by 1 13 68 

to have space satisfactory to, for deposit of garbage 112 68 

unsafe buildings to be vacated upon notice from 88 62 

notice of its unsafe character to be posted on exterior 

of, by 88 62 

vertical recesses, etc., to be distant seven feet from other 

recess, except by permit of 44 49 

walls, inside four inches of, may be built to satisfaction of, etc. 34 45 

water-closets, fixtures for certain, to be approved by 130 74 



INDEX. 177 

Section. Page. 
BUILDINGS, continued. 
Egress. 

all ways of, to be kept in repair and free from obstructions. . 82 60 

certificate of, to be issued, when 83 61 

every building hereafter built and every building occupied by 

two or more families shall have sufficient means of 81 60 

explosives, etc., not to be placed so as to obstruct 84 61 

factories and workshops where ten or more persons are em- 
ployed to have at least two independent means of exit 82 60 

fire escapes to be sufficiently strong 85 61 

from public buildings 81, 82, 90, 91, 96, 102 60, 62 

63, 64, 66 

{Appendix K.) 1 99 

from other buildings 81, 82 60 

{Appendix L.) 1 99 

{Appendix NN.) 3 102 

regulations concerning 81, 82 60 

schoolhouses, churches, theatres, public buildings, halls, etc., 

to have at least two independent means of exit 82 60 

sufficiency of, to be determined by commissioner, when 83 61 

tenement houses, boarding houses, lodging houses to have at 

least two independent means of exit 82 60 

way of, may project over public ways, when, 82 60 

Elevators. 

cars to be provided with safety device 77 58 

construction of 77 58 

elevator car, etc., not to be used until approved by commis- 
sioner 78 59 

employment of custodians of. {Appendix F.) 1 95 

for grain or coal, permit for, necessary .18, 116, 118 35, 70, 

71 

how protected 77 58 

machinery, when overhead, shall have grille to protect car 

from falling material 77 58 

may be placed in areas or hallways, when 77 • 58 

may be regulated by ordinance 135 74 

no person under eighteen years of age to have care of, when. 

( Appjendix F.) 1 95 

no person under fifteen years of age to have care of. (Ap- 
pendix F.) 

not enclosed, to be protected by wire grille 

openings in floors to be closed when not in use 

shafts, already constructed, to be tin-lined 

covering of top, lining, etc 

external windows of, to have three vertical red-painted 

iron bars 77 58 

hereafter built, to be constructed of incombustible ma- 
terial . 77 58 



1 


95 


77 


58 


77 


58 


77 


58 


77 


58 



178 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
BUILDINGS, continued. 
Elevators, continued. 

shafts, openings into, to be protected 77 58 

to be covered with ventilating skylight 77 58 

to be inspected semi-annually by elevator builder, and his 

certificate of safety to be posted in car 79 59 

unsafe, use of, to be prohibited 79 59 

when not above first floor level, may be constructed without 

fireproof enclosure above basement 77 58 

Heating Furnaces. 

tops of, to be covered 72 56 

distance of, from beams or ceiling. 72 56 

when not set in brickwork 72 56 

when set in brickwork 72 56 

Plumbers. 

board of examiners of. ( Appendix O.) 3 105 

" journeyman,' 1 ' definition of. (Appendix 0.) 1 103 

license fee for. (Appendix 0.) 2 104 

niay be forbidden for working at plumbing for a period of 

one year, when. (Appendix O.) . 8 108 

must register as such at office of Building Commissioner 120 71 

only licensed, allowed to engage in plumbing. (Appendix O.), 1 103 

"practical, ' ' definition of. (Appendix O.) 1 103 

registration of, method of. (Appendix O.) 2 104 

regulations concerning 120 71 

(Appendix Y.) 1,2 115 

Plumbing. 

air pipes to be carried above roof or connected with drain- 
pipe above upper fixture 128 73 

air pipes, use and connections of 128 73 

application for examination to be made to inspector. (Ap- 
pendix O.) 2 104 

changes in direction to be made with curved pipe 125 72 

connections of iron and lead pipes to be made with brass fer- 
rules 127 73 

connections to be made with Y branches 125 72 

drainpipe below cellar floor to be laid in brick trench 125 72 

drainpipes, how laid 125 72 

drainpipes, size of 125 72 

to be carried at least two feet above roof, full size 125 72 

to have running trap with accessible cleanout 125 72 

drip or overflow pipes not to be connected with drainpipe . . . 129 73 

examination of, to consist of. (Appendix O.) 4 105 

fees may be expended, when and how. (Appi ndix 0.) 11 109 

lixtures having waste pipes to have separate traps 128 73 

not to be concealed 123 72 



INDEX. 179 

section. Page, 
BUILDINGS, continued. 

Plumbing, continued. 

flushing pipes to be not less than one inch 130 74 

grease trap to be constructed under sinks of hotels, etc 134 74 

inspectors of, appointment of. . (Appendix 0. ) 5 106 

duties of. (Appendix O.) 5 106 

iron pipes, joints and connections of 127 73 

test of, and coating 127 73 

licenses may be revoked, when. (Appendix 0.) 8 108 

to be renewed annually. (Appendix O.) 4 105 

to be valid throughout Commonwealth. (Appendix O.). . 4 105 
of every building to be separately and independently con- 
nected with public sewer, if sewer is accessible 122 71 

only registered and licensed or certified plumbers allowed to 

perform 120 71 

(Appendix 0.) 2 104 

penalty for violation of regulations of. (Appendix O.) 8 108 

permit for, necessary before work is performed 121 71 

pipes not to be concealed until approved by inspector 123 72 

privy vaults, construction, etc., of 131 74 

rain water leaders, to be suitably trapped 126 73 

size, material and quality of drain and ventilating pipes 125 72 

special air pipes to traps 128 73 

steam exhaust not to be connected with public sewer 132 74 

steam not allowed to exhaust into public sewer. (Appendix 

NN.) ' 31 142 

to whom provisions concerning apply. (Appendix 0.) 9 109 

traps to fixtures 128 73 

use of, prohibited until tested and approved 124 72 

waste pipe from refrigerators not to be connected with drain- 
pipe 129 73 

to have separate trap 128 73 

water-closets to have tanks or cisterns 130 74 

water pipes to be protected from frost 133 74 

Public Buildings. 

additional exits necessary 91 65 

aisles, etc., to have a rising not over two in ten in auditorium; 
elsewhere not over one in ten 91 63 

aisles, stairways, and passages, etc., to be of even or increas- 
ing width throughout 

all exits to be opened for departing audience 

boilers, etc., not to be located under auditorium, passageways, 
or stairways 

commissioner to approve plans of 

doors shall open outward 

each division to have at least two independent exits 

egress from 81, 82, 90, 91, 



91 




63 


96 




64 


94 




64 


11 




30 


91 




63 


90 




62 


.02 


60, 


62 




63, 


66 



180 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 

BUILDINGS, continued. 

Public Buildings, continued. 

endangered by use of combustible material 84 61 

entrances, aisles, passageways, or stairways 91, 92, 93 63, 64 

flights of stairs not to be more than fifteen nor less than three 

stairs between landings 92 64 

floors of, capacity of 55 51 

fronts to be full width of auditorium, including lobbies, etc. . 91 63 
front to be located on area open to sky at least thirty feet 

wide 91 63 

lights of stairways and exits to be independent of lights of 

rest of building 95 64 

obstructions not allowed in aisles, passageways, stairways, etc. 97 64 

plans of, copy of, to be deposited with commissioner 11 30 

to be printed on playbills, showing exits, etc 96 64 

risers of stair stringers not to exceed seven and one-half inches. 92 64 

shall be a first class building 90 62 

stage to be not over five feet above street 90 62 

stairs and landings to have hand rails on both sides 93 61 

stairways twelve feet or more wide to have one or more inter- 
mediate rails, not more than eight feet apart, properly sup- 
ported 93 64 

standing in aisles, passageways, stairways, etc., not allowed 

during performances 97 64 

to have a system of ventilation provided 105 66 

treads to be not less than ten and one-half inches 92 64 

width of exits 90 62 

Regulations as to Construction and Maintenance of. 

accident, buildings damaged by, to be examined by commis- 
sioner 8 30 

" alteration, ' ' meaning of term 17 33 

alterations, plans, etc., of proposed, to be filed with commis- 
sioner 6 29 

permit required to make 15 33 

ashlar, use of, in walls, etc 39 47 

basement and first story to be first-class construction, when. 

(Appendix Q.) 1 111 

basement story, commissioner to designate grade of 29 43 

beams, iron, to have proper connections 60 52 

tail, to be hung in iron, etc 60 52 

boilers, location and protection of 74 57 

brick jambs of fireplaces, width of 70 55 

bonding courses 35 45 

brickwork, how laid, etc 33 45 

quality of 33 4£ 

supports of, over fireplaces 70 55 

bridges, building law not to apply to 15 33 

building law not to apply to United States (Government 15 33 



INDEX. 181 

Section. Page. 
BUILDINGS, continued. 

Regulations as to Construction and Maintenance of, 
continued. 

building laws not to apply to certain structures 15 33 

buildings to be raised, etc., to be examined before granting 

permit 8 30 

" cellar," meaning of term defined IT 33 

cellar of dwelling houses, grade of 31 44 

bow protected from water, etc 31 44 

space between floor and cellar bottom to be ventilated ... 31 44 
chemical works, erection of, proceedings on application for 

permit for 116-118 70, 71 

church spires, height of ' 25 42 

columns, bearing parts of, to have true surfaces 49 50 

brick piers under, to have cap iron 50 50 

calculations for strength of 19 36 

to be drilled for inspection, if required 49 50 

to have proper connections 49 50 

combustible material not to be stored in 84, 111 61, 68 

combustibles, etc., not to be stored under stairways, etc 84 61 

commissioner and inspectors not to be interested in contracts, 

or furnishing materials for 4 29 

commissioner to issue certificate, when 56, 83 52, 61 

when such certificate may be revoked S3 61 

cornices, regulations concerning 54 51 

courts having equity jurisdiction to enforce laws relating to. 136 75 

cutting for pipe, how done, etc 61 52 

dangerous buildings, etc., to be examined by commissioner . . 8 30 

owner of, to remedy same on notice 87 61 

removal of, by commissioner, when necessary 87 61 

damaged or burnt, adjudged nuisances, how disposed of. 

{Appendix II.) 1 133 

drains in 125 72 

electric conductors and appliances within. {Appendix BB.). . 2 127 
electrical conductors, etc., when unsafe in, current may be 

shut off in, by wire commissioner. {Appendix BB.) 3 127 

erections, plans, etc., of proposed, to be filed with commis- 
sioner, etc 6 29 

to be inspected before permit is granted for 11 30 

excavations adjoining buildings, how protected from 32 45 

adjoining soil, protection of, from 32 45 

permanent, to have retaining walls 32 45 

exempt from operations of act 15 33 

expense of alterations, apportionment of, between owner 

and lessee 89 62 

explosives, etc., not to be stored under stairways, etc 84 61 

" external wall,' ' meaning of term defined 17 33 

factories, ventilation of 105 66 

fire, buildings damaged by, to be examined by commissioner, 8 30 

egress in case of, buildings to have one or more means of, 81, 82 60 



182 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
BUILDINGS, continued. 

Regulations as to Construction and Maintenance of, 

continued. 

fire escapes, capacity of platforms, steps, etc., of 85 61 

fireplaces, openings of ; 70 55 

fifteen days' notice to be given commissioner of proposed 
building or alterations of wooden buildings outside build- 
ing limits. (Appendix MM. ) 28 138 

floor timbers in party walls 57 52 

distance of, from chimneys 62 53 

floors, construction and capacity of new or renewed 55 51 

commissioner's certificate of weight bearing capacity of, 

to be posted in certain 56 52 

flues to have outside surface exposed 69 55 

for storage of petroleum, erection and use of. (Appendix M.) 1-6 100, 101 

foundations of 28, 30 43 

foundation piles, buildings to be supported on, if necessary. 27 42 

foundation, bearing of 28 43 

foundation, construction, footing, thickness, etc., of 30 43 

meaning of term defined 17 33 

furring, distance of, from chimneys 62 53 

grade of cellars of 31 44 

grain elevators, erection^ of , proceedings upon application for 

permit 116-118 70, 71 

headers , wooden, etc. , how hung 60 52 

hearths, to be supported by trimmer arches, etc 70 55 

size of , 70 55 

" height of a building, " meaning defined 17 33 

' ' height of a wall," meaning defined 17 33 

height of, restricted to 125 feet, except 25 42 

how determined 25 42 

height of, on parkways, boulevards and parks. (Appen- 
dix A A.) 1 126 

hot air pipes, distance of, from woodwork 72 56 

register boxes to be set in soapstone 72 56 

hoistway openings to be closed when not in use 77 58 

hotels, etc., grease trap to be constructed under sinks of . . . . 134 74 
in public parks, may be erected by park commissioner, and 

be exempt from building law. (Appendix E.) 1 94 

in public parks. (Appendix E.) 1 94 

in vicinity of State House, height of, limited. (Appendix GGr\) 1, 2 131, 132 

leaders, all buildings to have sufficient water 66 54 

rain water, to be suitably trapped 126 73 

water-tight, metallic, required for certain 66 54 

leased premises, expenses of alterations, etc., on, how paid . 89 62 

line of, on parkways, boulevards, and parks. (Appt ndix A A.) 1 126 

"lodging house," meaning defined 17 33 

materials used in construction, strength of 19 19 

quality of, subject to approval of commissioner 19 19 



INDEX. 183 

Section. Page. 
BUILDINGS, continued. 

Regulations as to Construction and Maintenance of, 
continued. 

means of prevention of fire in, to be provided 113 68 

mortars, how made 19 19 

moved, permit for, required. {Appendix 00. ) 27 144 

not to be erected or altered except in accordance with plans 

approved by the department. (Appendix EE.) 1 130 

not to be occupied for dwelling purposes when used for 

storage, etc Ill 68 

not to exceed seventy feet in height, unless constructed 

throughout with incombustible materials 24 41 

not to be raised, altered, or built upon, in violation of act 15, 16 33 

numbering of. [Appendix NN.) 104 143 

observation stands not allowed on roofs 67 54 

on and near Copley square, height of limited. (Appendix 

CC.) 1-4 127-129 

occupied above second story, to be first or second class. 

(Appendix Q.) 1 111 

owners of, may collect of lessees expense of alterations, etc., 

when 89 62 

on parkways, etc., height and line of. (Appendix W.) 1 116 

parks, building laws not to apply to certain structures erected 

in. (Appendix E.) 1 94 

partitions supporting floor, etc., to rest on girders, etc 53 51 

" partition wall," meaning defined 17 33 

" party wall," meaning defined 17 33 

penalty for violation of building law 137 75 

permits, alterations, etc., to be granted by commissioner. ... 6 29 

applicants for, may be required to give notice 11 30 

may appeal, if refused 13 32 

persons affected by granting of, may appeal 13 32 

piers to have sufficient caps or plates, etc 50 50 

piles, foundation, how laid, capped, etc 27 42 

grade for cutting, inspector to determine 27 42 

plans to be submitted for new buildings, alterations, etc 6, 11 29, 30 

plans of erection or alteration of, to be exhibited to building 

inspector on demand. (Appendix EE.) 1 130 

quays, building law not to apply to 15 33 

recess, vertical, distance of, from other recesses 44 49 

record of, damaged by fire or accident, to be made 8 30 

" repairs, " meaning of term defined 17 33 

rendering works, erection of, proceedings upon application 

for permit for 116-118 70, 71 

revised regulations of board of aldermen of 1898, relating to. 

(Appendix OO. ) 28 144 

roofs, means of access to, size, etc 80 59 

schoolhouses, ventilation of 105 66 

shall be vacated when deemed unsafe by commissioner 88 62 



184 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
BUILDINGS^ continued. 

Regm i.aiioxs as to Construction and Maintenance of, 
continued. 

smoke pipes, location and protection 72 56 

stables, erection, etc., of, public hearing to be given on ques- 
tion of use of buildings for, to be authorized by board 

of health 115 69 

(Appendix B.) 1 93 

{Appendix B.) 1 112 

(Appendix Z.) 4 125 

staging for observation purposes not to be placed on roof ... 67 54 

stairways, explosives, etc., not to be stored under 84 61 

stoves for certain purposes to be examined and approved. ... 74 57 

strength of materials used in construction of 19 36 

stresses for Limber, iron, etc., table of 19 36 

studding, distance of, from chimneys 62 53 

supports used in construction, etc 26 42 

tenement and lodging houses 81, 107-114 60 

67-69 

" thickness of a wall, ' ' meaning defined 17 33 

to be examined by commissioner before alteration 8 30 

to be kept in repair S7 61 

to be of incombustible material when used for tenement or 

lodging houses 24 41 

to be placed at grade of street. (Appendix H.) 9 97 

to be placed at grade of street recorded in office of city sur- 
veyor. (Appendix H.) 9 97 

to be separately and independently connected with sewer. ... 122 71 

to erect, alter, enlarge, etc., permit required 15, 20 33, 40 

to have metallic leaders 66 54 

to have permanent means of access to roof 80 59 

to tear down, permit required ; 8 30 

unauthorized, placing, maintenance or use of, may be re- 
strained or removed. (Appendix FF.) 1 130 

unsafe buildings, notice to be affixed on exterior 88 62 

removal of unsafe notice, a penal offence 8S 62 

to be vacated on order of commissioner 8S 62 

unsafe, owner to secure or take down , 87 61 

upon filled land 31 44 

used for cooking to be examined and approved before use. . . 74 57 

returns relative to, to be made by commissioner 6 29 

use of, for stables, when licensed to pass with deed. (Appen- 
dix Z.) 4 125 

walls, bonding of, etc 34 45 

caps, to have sufficient, to distribute load 50 50 

construction of ;;4 45 

external, may be built in part of iron or steel 40 47 

" lieigh* of a wall,'' meaning of term defined 17 33 

openings or recesses in, thickness of piers for 43 48 



INDEX. 185 

Section. Page. 
BUILDINGS, continued. 

Regulations as to Construction and Maintenance of, 
continued. 

walls, party, to be built through roof, and covered 42 48 

metal covered doors to be provided for 48 50 

opening or doorways in, not to exceed two 48 50 

thickness of, allowance of ashlar in reckoning 39 47 

thickness of external and party 36, 37 46 

vaulted, thickness of 38 47 

recesses, chases, flues, etc., in 44 49 

water-closets, regulations concerning 114 69 

wharves not subject to building law, when 15 33 

when to be of first or second class construction. (Appen- 
dix Q.) ; 1 111 

when commissioner may secure or take down 87 61 

when used for tenement or lodging houses, to conform to 

Chap'. 382 of 1885. {Appendix B.) 3 89 

wires in, inspection of. (Appendix BB. ) 1-3 127 

wiring of, notice of to be given wire commissioner. (Ap- 
pendix BB. ) 1 127 

insulation of, to be approved by wire commissioner. (Ap- 
pendix BB.) 2 127 

to be approved by wire commissioner. (Appendix BB.) . . 1 127 

woodwork not to be placed near certain pipes 73 57 

work affecting strength of, not to be done without permit. . . 15 33 

Tenement and Lodging Houses. 

additional safeguards to be made when required by commis- 
sioner 113 68 

agent's or owner's name to be posted. (Appendix B.) 19 92 

area of, when restricted, and how 108 67 

basement and first story to be of "first-class " construction, 

when. (Appendix Q.) , 1 111 

board of health and inspectors to be sworn. (Appendix B.) . . 23 92 
board of health may limit number of occupants. (Appen- 
dix B.) 18 91 

board of health may make additional regulations. (Appen- 
dix B.) 18 91 

buildings converted into, to conform to laws relating to 24, 108 41, 67 

(Appendix Q) 1 111 

cellar floors to be made water-tight. ( Appendix B.) 11 89 

cellar not to be used for dwelling purposes. (Appendix B.) .. 17 90 

chimneys, requirements concerning. (Appendix B.) 11 89 

cleanliness of. (Appiendix B.) 13, 14 89 

commissioner to approve plans 6, 11 29, 30 

courts having equity jurisdiction may enforce laws relating to, 136 75 

(Appendix J.) 1 98 

exterior walls, when not to exceed thirty feet in height 107 67 

halls of, to open to external air, unless, etc. (Appendix B.), 16 90 



186 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
BUILDINGS, continued. 

Tenement and Lodging Houses, continued. 

height of external wall of 107 67 

height of rooms 110 68 

infectious disease in. (Appendix B.) 15 90 

light to he kept burning at night 113 68 

material for 24 41 

(Appendix Q.) 1 111 

may be Tacatecl by board of health, when. (Appendix B.) ... 18 91 

no dangerous or combustible material to be stored in Ill 68 

(Appendix B.) 12 89 

no horse, cow, pig, etc., to be kept therein. (Appendix B.). . 12 89 

not to occupy above second floor over T %% of area of lot 108 67 

number of occupants, may be limited by board of health. 

(Appendix B.) IS 91 

occupancy of cellars of. (Appendix, B.). .■ 17 90 

officers of board of health to have access to. (Appen- 
dix B.) 20 92 

owners to whitewash walls and ceilings. (Appendix B.) 14 89 

penalty for violation of provisions 137 75 . 

(Appendix B.) 22 92 

privies to be kept clean. (Appendix B.) 14 S9 

provisions for light and air 108-110 67, 68 

receptacles for ashes, garbage, etc., material and use of 112 68 

(Appendix B.) 11 89 

red lights, gongs, etc., required, when 113 68 

rooms to be at least eight feet in clear 110 68 

rooms underground, not to be used for sleeping. (Appen- 
dix B.) 17 90 

spaces across rear of buildings 108 67 

for deposit of garbage, etc., to be provided 112 68 

(Appendix B.) - 11 89 

stairs of, to be enclosed in brick walls 82 60 

tenants to clean rooms, windows, etc. (Appendix B.) 14 89 

''tenement house,' 1 meaning defined 17 33 

to be a " first class " building, when 24 41 

to be whitewashed once a year. (Appendix B.) 14 89 

to conform to provisions of chapter 382, Acts of 1885. (Ap- 
pendix B.) 3 89 

to have adequate and convenient water supply. (Appendix B.) 11 89 

to have at least two ways of egress 81, 82 60 

to have fire escapes 81, 82 60 

t<> have open fireplaces, grates or stoves, etc. (Appendix II.)... 11 89 

to have one water-closet for every twenty persons 114 69 

to have separate water-closets for each sex 114 69 

to have suitable and sufficient water-closets or privies. (Ap- 
pendix 11.) 1 88 

(Appendix NN.) 16 141 

to have water-closets 114 69 



INDEX. 



187 



Section. 
BUILDINGS, continued. 

Tenement and Lodging Houses, continued. 

ventilation of 109, 110 

(Appendix B.) 16 

ventilation of sleeping rooms in 109 

water-closets to have a window on open air 114 

water to be furnished. (Appendix B.) 11 

when innholders 1 license shall be forfeited 113 

when thermostats may be substituted for watchmen 13 

when watchmen are necessary, and the number required 113 

windows in stairway walls not allowed 109 

windows to open on area one-tenth that of the room 110 

yards, courts, alleys, etc., to be kept clean. (Appendix B.) . . 13 



Terms used in Building Law, Meaning of, Defined. 

1 ' alteration ' ' 

" cellar or basement " 

" composite building " 

" dwelling " 

" external wall " 

' ' first class building " 

" foundation " 

" height of a building " 

" height of a wall " 

" inspector " , 

" lodging house " 

" partition wall " 

" party wall " 

" repairs " 

" second class building " 

" story of a building " 

" tenement house " 

" thickness of a wall ,1 

" third class building " 



Theatres. 

additional exits for 

additional sprinklers for stage, required 

aisles, passageways, etc., arrangement of 

aisles, stairways, and passageways to be of even or increasing 

, width 

aisles to have a rising of not over two in ten 

all exits to be opened for departing audience 

boilers, etc., not to be located under auditorium, passageways, 

or stairways 

building commissioner to approve plans of 

changes of floor levels except stairways 

copy of plans and specifications of, to be deposited in office of 
building commissioner 



17 
17 
17 
17 
17 
23 
17 
17 
17 
17 
17 
17 
17 
17 
17 
17 
17 
17 
17 



91 

104 

91 

91 
91 
96 

94 
11 
91 

11 



Page. 

67, 68 
90 
67 
69 

89 
68 
68 
68 
67 
68 
89 



33 
33 
33 
33 
33 
41 
33 
33 
33 
33 
33 
33 
33 
33 
33 
33 
33 
33 
33 



63 

66 
63 

63 
63 
64 

64 
30 
63 

30 



188 INDEX. 

section. Page. 
BUILDINGS, continued. 

Theatres, continued. 

curtain, material, construction, and mechanism of 100 65 

curtain opening, finish and decorations of 98 65 

to be provided with perforated iron pipes, etc 104 66 

doors of, to open outward 91 63 

each division, gallery, etc., to have at least two independent 

exits 90 62 

egress from 90, 91 62, 63 

entrances, aisles, passageways, and stairways 91, 92, 93 03, 64 

exits from employees 1 rooms to be independent and at least 

two in number 102 66 

exit through other buildings 91 63 

fire-resisting curtain to be raised before and lowered after 

each performance 100 65 

fire service and apparatus to be provided as building commis- 
sioner deems necessary 104 66 

front to be full width of auditorium, including lobbies, etc. .. 91 63 
front to be located on a street or area at least thirty feet wide, 

and open to the sky 91 63 

heating and lighting apparatus 94, 95 64 

hereafter built to be first class buildings 90 62 

landings, width of , 92 64 

lights of stairways and exits to be independent of the other 

lights 95 64 

lobbies, brick partitions to separate from auditorium 99 65 

number and location of ventilators 103 66 

obstructions in aisles, etc., not allowed 97 64 

plans showing exits and stairways to be printed on play- 
bills 96 64 

proscenium to have fire-resisting curtain 100 65 

proscenium wall, openings through 98 65 

proscenium walls, thickness, width, and height of 98 65 

risers of stair stringers not to exceed seven and one-half 

inches 92 64 

scenery, curtains, etc., to be covered, etc., with fire-resisting 

material 98 65 

scene docks, carpenter and property shops, and wardrobes to 
be separated from stage, auditorium, and dressing rooms 

by solid brick walls 101 66 

stage, etc 98 65 

fixed portions of, not to be of wood 98 65 

gas lights to be protected by nettings 102 66 

high service standpipes to be placed on 104 66 

level not to exceed five feet above street level 90 62 

to be separated from auditorium by brick wall sixteen 

inches in thickness 98 65 

stairs and landings in, to have proper hand rails 93 64 

stairways in, rails for 93 64 



INDEX. 189 

Section. Page. 
BUILDINGS, continued. 
Theatres, continued. 

stairways, lobbies, corridors, etc., to be enclosed in brick 

walls 99 65 

standing room 97 64 

steps, number of, in flights 92 64 

stringers, cut of ' 92 64 

tread of 92 64 

temporary seats not to be allowed in 97 64 

ventilation of 105 66 

ventilators over stage, construction and operation of 103 66 

width of exits 90 62 

winders, width of 92 64 

BURNING FLUID. 

not to be stored in dwelling, tenement, or lodging houses 84, 111 61, 68 

restrictions relating to. {Appendix MM.) 5 136 

BUTTRESSES. 

how may be built, when used to be of sufficient strength, etc 43 48 

C. 
CALCULATIONS. 

for strength of materials 19 36 

CAMPHENE. 

not to be stored in dwelling, tenement, or lodging houses 84, 111 61, 68 

restrictions relating to. {Appendix MM.) 5 136 

CANOPY. 

erection of, in street. {Appendix NN.) 55 142 

CAPACITY OF FLOORS 55 51 

CAPS OR PLATES. 

walls and piers to have 50 50 

CAST IRON. 

stresses in pound per square inch 19 36 

CATCH-BASIN. 

public, steam, etc., not to be discharged into. {Appendix NN.) 31 142 

CELLAR. 

act to establish grade of 31 44 

air space under floor of ... . 31 44 

board of aldermen may license construction of, below grade 31 44 

covering of bottom of 31 44 

definition of 17 33 

not to be constructed below grade twelve 31 44 

not to be used for dwelling purposes. {Appendix B.) 17 90 



190 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
CERTIFICATE. 

when granted 56, 83 52, 61 

CESSPOOLS. 

not allowed except 114, 122 69, 71 

(Appendix B.) 1 88 

CHANGES IN DIRECTION OF PIPE. 

to be made with curved pipe 125 72 

CHASE. 

thickness of backing to be not less than eight inches 44 49 

CHEMICAL MANUFACTORIES. 

special permit for, necessary. (See Gkaist Elevatok.). . .116-118 70, 71 

CHIEF OFFICER OF DEPARTMENT. 

qualifications of 2 28 

term of office of 2 28 

to be called " commissioner " 2 28 

CHIMNEYS. 

chimney flues, height of 68 55 

commissioner to notify, if unsafe 87 61 

floor timbers to be two inches from 62 53 

flues in which soft coal or wood is burned 71 56 

how supported 68 55 

incombustible material to be used for 68 55 

inside of all flues to have struck joints 68 55 

lining of 68 55 

no nail to be driven into masonry of 68 55 

not to be corbelled from wall more than thickness of wall 68 55 

not to rest upon wood 68 55 

no wood furring to be used against or around 68 55 

studding or furring to be one inch from 62 53 

to be plastered on brickwork or metal lathing 6S 55 

to be topped out at least four feet above roof 68 55 

walls of, to be at least eight inches thick 68 55 

CHURCHES. (See Public Buildings.) 

CINDERS. 

to be kept so as not to cause fire. (Appendix NN. ) 17 141 

CITY COUNCIL. 

to define building limits 18 35 

to establish number of building inspectors 3 29 

to fix compensation of officers 1 28 

to make terms and conditions for the erection of third class 

buildings outside of building limits 22 41 



INDEX. 191 

Section. Page 
CLERK OF DEPARTMENT. 

appointment and confirmation of :; 29 

causes for removal 3 29 

term of office of 3 29 

under commissioner to have supervision and direction of depart- 
ment 5 29 

COAL. 

bituminous, smoke- consuming device. (Appendix NN.) 99 143 

COLUMNS. 

bearing parts to be planed to true surfaces 49 50 

brick piers under, to have cap iron 50 50 

calculations for strength of 19 36 

to be drilled for inspection when required 49 50 

to have proper connections 49 50 

to rest upon iron plates 49 50 

when placed one on top of the other 49 50 

COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL. 

not to be stored in dwelling, tenement, or lodging houses 84, 111 61, 68 

under stairways, etc 84 61 

COMMISSIONER, BUILDING. 

appointment and confirmation of 2 28 

causes for removal of 2 2S 

compensation to be fixed by city council 1 28 

definition of term 17 33 

deputy may be appointed by 5 29 

duty with regard to dangerous structures 87, 88 61, 62 

may authorize the erection of sheds at building sites 18 35 

not to be interested in contracts, or furnishing materials for 4 29 

officers of department of, to be appointed by 3 29 

qualifications of 2 28 

right to enter buildings 14 32 

shall require that plans be submitted 6, 11 29, 30 

tenure of office of 2 28 

to approve egress for tenement or lodging houses 81, 82 60 

to approve plans and specifications 6, 11 29, 30 

to be chief officer of department of 2 28 

to direct and locate construction of sheds upon wharves 18 35 

to examine all buildings in process of building, alteration, and re- 
pair 7 30 

to examine all buildings on application to enlarge, alter, or repair, 

etc 8 ■ 30 

to examine all dangerous or damaged buildings 8 30 

to give grade for cutting off piles 27 42 

to investigate origin of fires 6,8 29, 30 

to issue certificate, when 56, 83 52, 61 



192 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
( oMMISSIONER, BUILDING, continued. 

to issue permits 6 29 

to keep register of all transactions of his department 6 29 

to make a record of all violations 7 30 

to submit yearly statement to city council 6 29 

COMMON NUISANCES. 

suppression of. ( Appendix II.) 1-4 133, 134 

CONDUCTORS. 

all buildings to have 66 54 

CONNECTIONS. 

of lead and iron pipe, how made 127 73 

CONSTRUCTION. 

contracts for, commissioner and inspectors not to be interested in, 4 29 

CONTRACTOR. 

Not to construct or alter a building except in accordance with 

plan approved by building department. (Appendix EE.) 1 130 

COPLEY SQUARE. 

buildings on or near, height of, restricted. (Appendix CC. ) . . . . 1-4 127-129 

CORNICE. 

to balance on wall 54 51 

to be of incombustible material 54 51 

COURTS. 

having equity jurisdiction to enforce laws relating to buildings . . 136 75 

may grant injunction to restrain erection, alteration, use, or 

occupation, when 136 75 

CREATION OF DEPARTMENT 1 28 

CUTTING FOR PIPING, etc 61 52 

(Appendix T.) 8 121 



D. 

DANGEROUS STRUCTURES. 

commissioner may affix notice 88 62 

duties of commissioner in regard to S7, 88 61, 62 

duties of owners with regard to S7 61 

liability for refusal to make safe 137 75 

notice to owner 87, S8 61, 62 

owner of, to remedy same on notice 87 61 

penalty for removing notice 88 62 

proceedings when liable to be dangerous in case of fire 88 62 

to be examined by commissioner S 30 



INDEX. 193 

Section. Page. 
DEEDS. 

notice of pendency of certain actions. (Appendix KK.) 13 135 

(Appendix DD.) 80 129 

relative to filing, in Registry of Deeds. (Appendix KK.) 13 135 

(Appendix DD. ) 80 129 

DEFINITION OF TERMS 17 33 

DEFLECTION. 

of iron and steel, — modulus of elasticity 19 36 

of timber, — modulus of elasticity . 19 36 

DEPARTMENT, BUILDING. 

appointment and confirmation of officers of 3 29 

chief officer of 2 28 

commissioner of, may appoint not exceeding twenty-four building 

inspectors. (Appendix LL.) 1 136 

to keep a register of plumbers, inspect plumbing and issue 

permit for plumbing. (Appendix LL.) 1 136 

to issue permits for erection and alteration of wooden build- 
ings outside building limits. (Appendix LL.) 1 136 

creation of 1 28 

designation of 1 28 

duties of. (Appendix LL.) 1 136 

duties of clerk of department 5 29 

duties of commissioner 6 29 

duties of inspectors 7-9 30 

right of officers to enter buildings 14 32 

term of office of officers of 3 29 

to be provided with office room and supplies 1 28 

under charge of building commissioner. (Appendix LL.) 1 136 

DOORS. 

in party walls to be double metal covered, etc 48 50 

in public buildings, etc., to open outward 91 63 

of boiler rooms to be of incombustible material 74 57 

DOORWAYS. 

dimensions of 48 50 

in party walls 48 50 

in party walls, how closed , 48 50 

DRAINS. 

all connections to be made with Y-branches 125 72 

below cellar floor to be laid in brick trench 125 72 

changes in direction to be made with curved pipe 125 72 

how hung 125 72 

how laid 125 72 

material for 125 72 

not to be entered into public drain or sewer except with a permit 

from superintendent of streets. (Appendix NN.) 30 141 



1 


98 


31 


142 


125 


72 


125 


72 



194 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
DRAINS, continut d. 

owner not to allow, to leak. (Appendix NN. ) 29 141 

private, in public or private streets or ways, repair of. (Appen- 
dix I.) • 

public, steam, etc., not to be discharged into. (Appendix NN.) 

to be carried above roofs 

to have running trap 

DRESSING ROOMS. 

of theatres 101 66 

DUTIES OF DEPARTMENT 6-10 29-30 

DWELLING HOUSES. 

combustible materials not to be stored in 84, 111 61, 68 

grade of cellar of 31 44 

height of external walls ■. 36 46 

height of party walls 36 46 

thickness of external walls ■. 36 46 

thickness of party walls 36 46 

to have basement and first story first class construction, when. 

(Appendix Q.) 1 111 

to have sufficient and suitable water-closets or privies. (Appen- 
dix B.) 1 88 

(Appendix NN.) 16 141 

to have water-closets 114 69 

DYNAMOS. 

application for, to be published in daily papers 116 70 

copy of publication of, to be filed with commissioner, etc 116 70 

permit for, necessary 116 70 

E. 

EGRESS. . 

all ways of, to be kept in repair and free from obstructions 82 60 

certificate of, to be issued, when 83 61 

every building hereafter built and every building occupied by 

two or more families shall have sufficient means of 81 60 

explosives, etc., not to be placed so as to obstruct 84 61 

factories and workshops where ten or more persons are em- 
ployed to have at least two independent means of exit 82 60 

fire escapes to be sufficiently strong 85 61 

from public buildings 81, 82, 90, 91, 96, 102 60, 62 

63, 64, 66 

(Appendix K) 1 99 

from other buildings 81, 82 60 

(Appendix K.) 1 99 

(Appendix L.) 1 99 

(Appendix NN.) 3 102 

regulations concerning. 81, 82 60 



82 


GO 


83 


61 


82 


60 


82 


60 



INDEX. 195 

Section. Page. 
EGRESS, continued. 

sckoolhouses, churches, theatres, public buildings, halls, etc., 

to have at least two independent means of exit 

sufficiency of, to be determined by commissioner, when 

tenement houses, boarding houses, lodging houses to have at 

least two independent means of exit 

way of, may project over public ways, when 

ELECTRIC WATCH CLOCKS. (See Thermostats.) 

ELEVATORS. 

cars to be provided with safety device 77 58 

construction of 77 58 

elevator car, etc., not to be used until approved by commissioner, 78 59 

employment of custodians of. (Appendix F.) 1 95 

for grain or coal, permit for, necessary 18, 116, 118 35 

70, 71 

how protected 77 58 

machinery, when overhead, shall have grille to protect car from 

falling material 77 58 

may be placed in areas or hallways, when 77 58 

may be regulated by ordinance 135 74 

no person under eighteen years of age to have care of, when. 

(Appendix F.) ; . '. 1 95 

no person under fifteen years of age to have care of. (Appendix 

F.) .- 1 95 

not enclosed, to be protected by wire grille 77 58 

openings in floors to be closed when not in use 77 58 

shafts already constructed to be tin lined 77 58 

covering of top, lining, etc 77 58 

external windows of, to have three vertical red painted iron 

bars 77 58 

hereafter built to be constructed of incombustible materials. . 77 58 

openings into, to be protected 77 58 

to be covered with ventilating skylight 77 58 

to be inspected semi-annually by elevator builder, and his certifi- 
cate of safety to be posted in car 79 59 

.unsafe, use of, to be prohibited 79 59 

when not above first floor level, may be constructed without fire- 
proof enclosure above basement 77 58 

ENGINE. 

appeals and proceedings thereon 1 16-1 18 70, 71 

not to be placed under auditorium or exits of public buildings. . . 94 64 

permit for erection of, required 116 70 

public notice for hearing of erection of 116 70 

ENGINEERS. 

to make computations of strength of materials, etc 10 30 



196 IXDEX. 

Section. Page. 
ENTRANCE. 

to estate, by descending steps, to be guarded. (Appendix NN.)... 54 142 

ERECTIONS IN STREET. (Appendix NN.) 55 142 

EXCAVATIONS. 

neighboring structures to be sufficiently and properly supported 26 42 

permanent, in street, construction of. (Appendix NN.) 51 142 

to be protected by retaining walls when permanent 32 45 

to be protected by sheet piling when necessary 32 45 

EXEMPTIONS 15 33 

EXHAUSTS. (Appendix NN.) 31 142 

steam, not to be connected with sewer 132 74 

EXITS. 

additional exits to theatres 91 63 

from employees' rooms in theatres, to be independent of each 

other, and at least two in number 102 66 

of public buildings, to be opened for departing audiences 96 64 

plans of, to be printed on playbills of public buildings 96 64 

theatres, to have at least two from every compartment, division, 

or gallery, independent of each other 90 62 

width of, in theatres 90 62 

EXPLOSIVE SUBSTANCES. 

not to be stored or placed under stairways 84 61 

EXTERIOR PARTS. 

of second class buildings, above forty-five feet, to be of incom- 
bustible material 75 57 

EXTERNAL WALLS. 

backing of, when faced with stone 39 47 

definition of 17 33 

facings of, to be tied to backings 39 47 

height of, of tenement and lodging houses 25, 107 42, 67 

recesses and openings in 43 48 

stone cornice, how laid 54 51 

thickness of, of brick dwellings, etc 36 46 

thickness of, of other than brick dwellings 37 46 

to-be anchored 47 50 

when of steel or iron 40 47 

F. 

FACTORY. 

egress from 81, 82 60 

FENCES. 

erected.to annoy. ( Appendix G.) 1, 2 95, 96 

not to exceed six feet in height, when. (Appendix C.) 1 93 



INDEX. 197 

Section. Page. 
FIRES. 

building inspectors to attend 9 30 

record of, to be made by commissioner 8 30 

FIRE ALARM GONGS 113 68 

FIRE APPARATUS. 

in theatres, etc 101 66 

FIRE ESCAPES. 

certain buildings to have 81, 82 60 

in lodging houses. (Appendix L.) 1 y9 

in schoolhouses. (Appendix K.) 1 99 

no encumbrances to be placed thereon 82 60 

on tenement and lodging houses 81, 82 60 

to be kept in good repair 82 60 

to be placed on buildings in which operatives are employed 81, 82 60 

to be strong enough to carry a load of seventy pounds per square 

foot 85 61 

FIREPROOFING. 

fire-proof rooms, boilers to be enclosed in, when 74 57 

fire-resisting curtains, in theatres, etc 100 65 

in first and second class building all weight-bearing metal to be 

protected 51 50 

of iron or steel external walls 40 47 

roofs 65 54 

shutters 76 57 

upright supports, other than brick, to be protected 52 51 

FIRE STOPS. 

footing of stud partitions to have 63 53 

to be laid between upper and under floors or to occupy all the 

space between timbers and under floor 63 53 

to be provided at each floor 63 53 

to consist of tile, brick, terra cotta, etc., or of equally non-inflam- 
mable, non-heat-conducting materials 63 53 

to cover whole floor from wall to wall 63 53 

FIRST CLASS BUILDING. 

air spaces not allowed in ... . 23 41 

building containing audience hall of certain capacity to be 90 62 

buildings which are required to be first class 24, 90 41, 62 

floor-bearing supports in, distance between, materials, etc., of .. . 45 49 

floors, construction of , in 23 41 

height 24 41 

height not to exceed one hundred and twenty-five feet 25 42 

height not to exceed two and one-half times width of street 25 42 

hotels, certain, to be included in 24 41 

material, non-inflammable, to be used in construction of 23 41 



198 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
FIRST CLASS BUILDING, continued. 

meaning of term denned. (See Terms Used in Building Law.) 17 

metal, weight-bearing, to be protected 51 50 

mortar for, below level of water 19 36 

mortars used in construction of, bow made 19 36 

openings, outside, to be protected by shutters 76 57 

piles, to have three rows of, etc., for foundation 27 42 

requirements for 23 .41 

shutters for protection of openings in 76 57 

supports, upright, protection of 52 51 

theatres hereafter built to be 90 62 

to consist of 23 41 

walls of, meeting at angle, to be anchored 47 50 

walls of, thickness of external and party 36, 37 46 

party, etc., to be of brick 41 48 

furring and plastering of 41 48 

wood, use of, in construction of 23 41 

FIRST STORY. 

to be first-class construction, when. {Appendix Q.) 1 111 

FLAT ENDED POSTS. 

stresses of 19 36 

FLAX. 

not to be stored in dwelling, tenement, or lodging houses Ill 68 

FLOORS. 

capacity for dwellings, fifty pounds 55 51 

for offices, one hundred pounds 55 51 

for public buildings, one hundred and fifty pounds 55 51 

for warehouses, stores, and mercantile buildings of like char- 
acter, factories, drill rooms, and riding schools, two hun- 
dred and fifty pounds 55 51 

not to be overloaded 56 52 

schoolhouses, other than assembly rooms in, eighty pounds, and 

for said assembly rooms in, one hundred and fifty pounds 55 51 

to be constructed sufficient to carry subjected weight 55 51 

FLOOR BEAMS. 

butts to be splayed 58 52 

floor and roof beams, — to have a bearing of at least four inches . . 58 62 

to be tied to walls, and to each other 59 52 

to rest upon a wall, girder or trusses 45 49 

FLOOR-BEARING PARTITIONS. 

to rest on girders, trusses, or walls 53 51 



INDEX. 199 

Section. Page 
FLOOR-BEARING SUPPORTS. 

if of brick, to be not less than twelve inches in thickness 45 49 

in first and second class building, to be not over thirty feet 

apart 45 49 

when trusses are used, walls to be four inches thicker 45 49 

FLOOR TIMBERS. 

not to be placed nearer than two inches of chimney flue 62 53 

to have four inches of brickwork between 57 52 

FLUES. 

commissioner to notify, if unsafe 87 61 

distance of woodwork from 68 55 

for ranges, boilers, furnaces, and ovens, etc., the shell of, thick- 
ness of 68 55 

height of, above roof 68, 71 55, 56 

in party wall, thickness of backing to be not less than eight 

inches at any point and to be lined 44 49 

no nails to be driven into 68 55 

not vertical, not allowed, without special permit from commis- 
sioner 44 49 

of wood not allowed 77 58 

of ranges, boilers, etc., outside, to be plastered on brickwork or 

left exposed to height of ceiling 69 55 

penalty for refusal to make safe 137 75 

FLUSHING PIPES. 

to water-closets, to be not less than one inch in diameter 130 74 

FOUNDATIONS. 

definition of 17 33 

footings of 30 43 

when of concrete ' 30 43 

when of concrete and stepped-up brickwork 30 43 

when of stone 30 43 

of dwellings, etc. , thickness of 30 43 

other than dwellings, etc., thickness of 30 43 

round or boulder stone not allowed in 30 43 

to be four feet below surface exposed to frost * 28 43 

to rpst upon solid substructure 30 45 

under columns 30 43 

under piers 30 43 

under pillars 30 43 

under posts 30 43 

under walls 30 43 

when of block stone 30 43 

when of brick 30 43 

when of rubble stone 30 43 



200 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
FREIGHT ELEVATOR. 

requirements for 77, 78, 79 58, 59 

FRONTS. 

of theatres, etc., to be full width of auditorium, including 
lobbies, etc., and to be on a street or area open to the sky at 
least thirty feet wide 91 63 

FURNACES. 

flues of, shell of, thickness of 68 55 

how to be set 72, 74 56, 57 

in theatres, etc., not to be placed under auditorium, stairways, or 

passageways of exit 94 64 

not to be placed above cellar floor unless set on non-combustible 

beams and arches • 74 57 

permit to erect 74, 116 57, 70 

smoke pipe of 72 56 

when not set in brickwork, shall be at least eight inches below 

the ceiling or nearest wooden beams, and have a tin shield. ... 72 56 

when set in brickwork, tops shall be covered with brick, etc 72 56 

FURRING. 

in first and second class building, on party or bearing walls to be 

metal 41 48 

to be at least one inch from any chimney 62 53 



Q. 

GARBAGE. 

tenement and lodging houses to have proper receptacles for 112 68 

{Appendix B.) 11, 12 89 

GAS BRACKETS. 

not to be placed nearer than three feet to ceiling or woodwork 
unless shield is used, and then not nearer than eighteen inches 

to same. (Appendix Y.) , 9 121 

swinging, to have a guard. [Appendix Y. Bev. Bey.) 6 122 

GAS BURNERS. 

number of, for each outlet to be marked on plan. (Appendix Y. 

llev. Beg.) 4 122 

GAS FITTERS. 

license number of, to be displayed at place of business. (Appen- 
dix Y.) 6 120 

GAS FITTING. 

applicants for license for, shall be examined as to their practical 

knowledge. (Appendix Y.) 4 119 



INDEX. 201 

Section. Page. 
GAS FITTING, continued. 

application for permit to do, to be filed at office of building com- 
missioner. (Appendix Y.) 7 120 

application to be made to building commissioner for examination 

as to qualifications for carrying on business of. (Appendix Y.) 2 119 

board of examiners, how composed. (Appendix Y.) 3 119 

to designate time and place for holding examinations. (Ap- 
pendix Y.) 4 119 

definition of term " journeyman. 1 ' (Appendix Y.) 1 118 

inspectors of, number may be appointed. (Appendix Y.) 5 120 

qualifications. (Appendix Y.) 5 120 

license for, how and when issued. (Appendix Y.) 4 119 

materials used and work performed in, to be subject to regula- 
tions. (Appendix Y.) 7 120 

no person, firm, or corporation, to engage in business of, unless 

licensed. (Appendix Y.) 1 118 

permit required to perform, repair piping, or place fixtures. (Ap- 
pendix Y.) 7 120 

GAS FIXTUKES. 

board of health to inspect. ( Appendix Y.) 10 121 

GAS METER. 

to be removed only by gas company. (Appendix Y.) 8 121 

GAS PIPING. 

not to be let into timbers, beams or girders more than two inches, 
and not more than thirty-six inches from ends of same. (Ap- 
pendix Y.) 8 121 

repair of leaks in, notice to be given building commissioner. (Ap- 
pendix Y., Rev. Beg. ) 1 122 

not to be covered or concealed from view until approved. {Ap- 
pendix Y., Rev. Reg.) 2 122 

not to be laid so as to support weight or be subject to any strains. 

(Appendix Y., Rev. Reg.) 3 122 

GIRDERS. 

calculations for strength of 19 36 

in first and second class buildings, to be fireproofed 51 50 

may be substituted for partition walls 45 49 

piers under, to have cap iron 50 50 

when floor-bearing supports 45 49 

GRADE. 

commissioner to give, for cutting off piles 27 42 

of basement floor 29, 31 43, 44 

of street recorded in office of city surveyor, buildings to be 
placed at. (Appendix H.) 9 30 

GRAIN ELEVATOR. 

requirements for 1 1 6, 117, 118 70, 71 



202 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
GREASE TRAPS. 

required under sinks in hotels, restaurants, etc 134 74 

GUTTERS. 

material of 66 54 

GUTTER STONE. 

may be substituted for corbelling 42 48 

H. 

HALLS. 

of tenement and lodging houses. (Appendix B.) 16 90 

HAND RAILS. 

required on stairs of theatres, public buildings, etc 93 64 

HAY. 

not to be stored in dwelling, tenement, or lodging houses Ill 68 

HEADERS. 

not to be placed nearer than two inches of chimney flue 62 52 

to be hung in stirrup irons 60 52 

HEADING COURSES 35 45 

HEARTHS. 

to be twelve inches wider on each side than opening of fireplace. .70 55 

HEARTHS AND TRIMMER ARCHES. 

how to be supported '. 70 55 

HEATING APPARATUS. 

commissioner to notify if unsafe 87 61 

not to be located under auditorium, stairways, etc., in theatres, 

public buildings, etc 94 64 

penalty for refusal to make safe 137 75 

regulations respecting 72, 73, 74 56, 57 

HEATING FURNACES. 

tops of, to be covered 72 56 

distance of, from beams of ceiling 72 56 

when not set in brickwork 72 56 

when set in brickwork 72 56 

HEIGHT. 

of a building, definition of 17 33 

of a wall, definition of 17 33 

of buildings not to exceed one hundred and twenty-five feet 25 42 

not to exceed two and one-half times width of street 25 42 

of wooden buildings in limits not to be increased 20 40 

not to exceed twenty-seven feet, except elevators for coal or 

grain 18 35 



INDEX. ZUO 

Section. Page. 
HEIGHT OF BUILDINGS. 

near State House, restricted. (Appendix GG.) 1, 2 131, 132 

on Copley Square, restricted. (Appendix CG.) 1-4 127-129 

HIGH SERVICE STANDPIPES. 

to be provided in theatres, public buildings, etc 104 66 

HOIST WAYS. 

how protected 77 58 

openings into shaft, how protected 77 58 

to be approved before using 78 59 

HOSPITAL. 

wooden buildings may be erected for. (Appendix A.) 1 88 

HOT AIR PIPES. 

to be kept at least one inch from woodwork 72, 73 56, 57 

HOT AIR REGISTER BOXES. 

how placed 72 56 

HOTELS. (See Lodging House.) 

additional requirements for 113 68 

fire escapes from. (Appendix P.) 44 109 

innholder to forfeit license, if requirements are not complied with, 113 68 

watchman arid red lights in 113 68 

HOUSES. 

" dwelling," definition of 17 33 

' ' lodging, ' ' definition of .* 17 33 

" tenement," definition of 17 33 

I. 

INDEPENDENT CONNECTIONS. 

with sewer, required for each building 122 71 

INFECTIOUS DISEASES. 

duties of owners of tenement or lodging houses with regard to. 

(Appendix B.) 15 90 

INFLAMMABLE OIL. 

not to be stored in dwelling, tenement, or lodging houses Ill 68 

INJUNCTIONS. 

may be issued on application of city of Boston, by its attorney, to 
restrain the erection, alteration, use or occupation of any 

building, when 136 75 

(Appendix S.) 1 98 

to prevent the erection or use of stables 136 75 

to restrain the use or occupation of tenement or lodging houses . . 136 75 

(Appendix B ) 21 92 



204 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
INSPECTION OF WIRES. 

in buildings. [Appendix BB.) 1-3 127 

IRON PIPES. 

connections of, with lead pipes to be made with brass ferrules, 

and properly soldered and calked 127 73 

joints of, to be thoroughly calked, etc 127 73 

to be coated inside and outside with hot coal tar pitch 127 73 

to be tested before being put in place 127 73 

IRON PLATES. 

under columns 49 50 

under lintels 50 50 

IRON AND STEEL BEAMS. 

cast, columns, round and rectangular, stresses in pounds per square 

inch 19 36 

cast, stresses in pounds per square inch 19 36 

deflection, — modulus of elasticity 19 36 

stresses in pounds per square inch 19 #6 

J. 

JAMBS. 

brick, of fireplaces, width of 70 55 

L. 

LANSDOWNE STREET. 

building lines of, may be changed. (Appendix HH.) 1 132 

LANTERN. 

projection of, in street. (Appendix NN.) . . 56 142 

LEADERS. 

all buildings to have, to carry water to street, gutter, or sewer . . 66 

to be trapped when coimected with sewer 126 73 

LESSEE. (See Owners.) 

LEVELLERS. 

for columns, piers, posts, pillars supporting girders, or walls 30 43 

piles to be capped with 27 42 

LICENSES. 

for hotels, may be revoked, when 113 68 

to construct cellars below grade twelve 31 44 

to project windows, steps, etc. (Appendix OO.) 32, 33 144, 145 



INDEX. 205 

Suction. Page. 
LIGHTS. 

in theatres, public buildings, etc., for stairways and exits to be 

independent of all other lights 95 64 

LIMITS. (See Building Limits.) 

LINTELS. 

piers under, to have cap or plate 50 50 

to be of sufficient strength 19 36 

LOBBIES (for theatres). 

required for each division of auditorium 99 65 

to be separated from auditorium by brick walls 99 65 

to be sufficiently large to furnish standing room for all persons 

auditorium may, at any time, contain 99 65 

LODGING HOUSE. (Also includes hotels and apartment houses.) 

(See Tenement House.) 

fire escapes from. (Appendix P.) 44 1 09 

public, regulations of. (Appendix N.) 1-7 102, 103 

to have knotted ropes or better appliances for escape in case of 

fire, etc. (Appendix L.) 1 99 



n. 

MANUFACTORY. 

egress from 81, 82 60 

MARKET PURPOSES. 

wooden buildings for 18 35 

MATERIALS. 

calculations for strength of '. 19 36 

combustible 84, 111 61, 68 

commissioner and inspectors not to be interested in contracts for 

furnishing 4 29 

commissioner to pass on questions relative to 19 36 

size and quality of, for drain and ventilating pipes 125 72 

MAYOR. 

to appoint commissioner 2 28 

to approve appointments of clerk and inspectors 3 29 

MECHANIC. 

not to erect or alter a building except in accordance with plans 
approved by the building department. (Appendix EE.) 1 130 

METALLIC LEADERS. (See Leaders.) 

MILL. 

egress from 81, 82 60 



206 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
MORTARS. 

for first class buildings 19 36 

for second class buildings 19 36 

for tbird class buildings 19 36 

bow made 19 36 

when below level of water 19 36 

MOVING OF BUILDINGS. (See Appendix 00.) 27 144 

N. 
NAPHTHA. 

restrictions relating to. (Appendix MM.) 5 136 

NUISANCES. 

common, suppression of. (Appendix II.) 1-4 133, 184 



o. 

OBSERVATION STANDS. 

cannot be constructed nor occupied on roofs 67 54 

OBSTRUCTIONS. 

in aisles of tbeatres, public buildings, etc., not allowed 97 64 

OCCUPANT. ( See Owners. ) 

duties of, in relation to cellars. (Appendix B.) 17 90 

OCCUPATION OF STREETS. (Appendix NN.) 51-56 142 

OFFICERS. 

of tbe building department. L 2, 3 2S, 29 

duties of ." 4-10 29-30 

have tbe right to enter all buildings 14 32 

titles, qualifications, and terms of office 2, 3 29, 30 

to bold office for terms for which appointed 135 74 

OIL. 

not to be stored in dwelling, tenement, or lodging house 84, 111 66, 68 

OPEN FIREPLACES 70 55 

OPENINGS. 

in external walls 43 48 

in party walls not to exceed one hundred square feet in each story, 48 50 

in party walls not to exceed two in each story 48 50 

in party walls to have double metal covered doors 48 50 

in proscenium wall of theatre 98 65 

in streets. (Appendix NN.) 51, 52, 54 142 

into elevator shaft to be closed when not in use 77 58 

into elevator shaft to be protected 77 58 



INDEX. 207 

Section. Page. 
OWNER. 

definition of. (Appendix 00.) > 1 144 

duties of, with regard to cellars. (Appendix B.) 17 90 

to defective flues 87 61 

to hoistways 77 58 

to tenement houses. (Appendix B.) 14, 15, 19 89, 90 

92 

to unsafe buildings or structures 87 61 

to unsafe chimneys 87 61 

to unsafe heating apparatus , 87 61 

not to erect or alter a building except in accordance with plans 

approved by the building department. (Appendix EE.) 1 130 

not to allow drains to leak. (Appendix NN.) 29 141 

to have right of appeal 13 32 

to keep fire escapes in repair 82 60 



P. 

PARKS. 

buildings may be erected in, by Park Commissioners, and be 

exempt from building law. (Appendix E.) 1 94 

PARKWAYS. 

buildings on, height of, and line of. (Appendix W.) 1 116 

(Appendix A A.) 1 126 

PARTITION WALLS. 

certain buildings to have 46 49 

definition of 17 33 

of brick buildings, to be metal lathed or plastered on wall 41 48 

openings in 48 50 

thickness of 45, 46 49 

to be carried above roof and metal covered 42 48 

when floor bearing, of brick buildings, to be of brick 41 48 

when required, areas not to exceed eight thousand square feet. . . 46 49 

PARTITIONS. 

when of wood, floor beams not to be supported on 53 51 

to rest upon a wall or girder 53 51 

supporting floors or roofs, to rest upon girders, trusses, or walls, 53 51 

PARTY WALL. 

definition of 17 33 

openings in 7 48 50 

recesses in 44 49 

thickness of, for dwellings 36 46 

for other than dwellings 37 46 

vaulted 38 47 



208 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 

PARTY WALL, continued. 

to be anchored 47 50 

to be carried above roof, and metal covered 42 48 

to be corbelled 42 48 

PENALTIES. 

for violation of ordinances relating to erection and alteration of 

wooden buildings. {Appendix NN.) 105 143 

for violation of revised ordinances of 1S9S. (Appendix NN.) 105 143 

for violation of revised ordinances, 1898, chapter 45. (Appendix 

NN.) 105 143 

for violation of revised regulations of board of aldermen. {Ap- 
pendix 00.) 34 145 

for violation of statutes relating to building laws, chap. 419, of 

1892 137 75 

defective flues 137 75 

erection or alteration of stables 137 75 

occupation of stables. (Appendix D., R. ) 2, 3- 93, 112 

plumbing 137 75 

projections into streets 137 75 

tenement and lodging houses 137 75 

{Appendix B.) 22 41 

unsafe buildings 137 75 

unsafe chimneys 137 75 

unsafe heating apparatus 137 75 

watchmen 137 75 

PERMANENT EXCAVATIONS. 

to be protected by retaining walls 32 45 

PERMITS. 

for erection and alteration of wooden buildings, outside the 

building limits, necessary. {Appendix NN.) 2S 141 

for projections into street. ( Appendix NN. ) 55, 56 142 

(Appendix 00.) 32, 33 144, 145 

penalty for neglect to obtain 137 75 

to erect buildings 15, 16 33 

to insert sign in sidewalk, etc. ' (Appendix NN.) 56 142 

to make alterations and repairs 15, 16 33 

openings in street. ( Appendix NN.) 51, 52 142 

to set engines, dynamos, etc 74, 116, 117, 118 57, 70,71 

steam boilers, furnaces, ranges, etc 74, 116 57, 70 

to use buildings for storage or manufacture of combustibles or 

explosives 116, 117, 118 70,71 

to use grain elevators or chemical or rendering works 116, 117, 118 70, 71 

PETROLEUM. 

erection and use of buildings for. (Appendix if. ) 1-5 100, 101 

restrictions relating to. (Appendix MM.) 5 136 

storage of. (Appendix M.) 1-5 100, 101 



INDEX. 209 

Section. 1'age. 
PIERS. 

foundations for 28 43 

how built.... , 43 48 

piles under 27 42 

size of footing course for 30 43 

to have caps or plates 50 50 

PILES. 

buildings over seventy feet to have three rows at least 27 42 

commissioner to give grade for cutting off 27 42 

how driven 27 42 

to be capped with granite levellers 27 42 

to be spaced not over three feet in direction of wall 27 42 

under piers or buttresses 27 42 

PLANS. 

to be approved by commissioner 6, 11 29, 30 

to be submitted 6,11 29, 30 

PLUMBERS. 

board of examiners of. (Appendix O.) 3 105 

"journeyman," definition of. (Appendix O.) 1 103 

license fee for. (Appendix O.) 2 104 

may be forbidden for working at plumbing for a period of one 

year, when. (Appendix 0.) 8 108 

must register as such at office of building commissioner 120 71 

only licensed, allowed to engage in plumbing. (Appendix O.) . . . . 1 103 

" practical," definition of. (Appendix O.) 1 103 

registration of, method of. (Appendix 0.) 2 104 

regulations concerning 120 71 

(Appendix V.) 1, 2 175 

PLUMBING. 

air pipes to be carried above roof or connected with drainpipe 

above upper fixture 128 73 

air pipes, use and connections of 128 73 

application for, examination to be made to inspector. ( Appendix O.) 2 104 

changes in direction to be made with curved pipe 125 72 

connections of iron and lead pipes to be made with brass fer- 
rules 127 73 

connections to be made with Y-branches '. 125 72 

drainpipe below cellar floor to be laid in brick trench 125 72 

drainpipes, how laid 125 72 

size of 125 72 

to be carried at least two feet above roof, full size 125 72 

to have running trap with accessible cleanout 125 72 

drip or overflow pipes not to be connected with drainpipe 129 73 

examination of, to consist of. (Appendix O.) 4 105 

fees may be expended, when and how. (Appendix O.) 11 109 



210 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
PLUMBING, continued. 

fixtures having waste pipes to have separate traps 128 73 

not to be concealed 123 72 

flushing pipes to be not less than one inch 130 74 

grease trap to be constructed under sinks of hotels, etc 134 74 

inspectors of, appointment of. (Appendix 0. ) 5 106 

duties of. (Appendix O.) 5 106 

iron pipes, joints and connections of 127 73 

test of, and coating 127 73 

licenses may be revoked, when. (Appendix 0.) 8 108 

to be renewed annually. (Appendix O.) 4 105 

to be valid throughout Commonweath. (Appendix O.) 4 , 105 

of every building to be separately and independently connected 

with public sewer if sewer is accessible 122 71 

only registered and licensed or certified plumbers allowed to 

perform 120 71 

(Appendix O.) 2 104 

penalty for violation of regulations of . (Appendix O.).. 8 108 

permit for, necessary before work is performed 121 71 

pipes not to be concealed until approved by inspector 123 72 

privy vaults, construction, etc., of 131 74 

rain water leaders, to be suitably trapped 126 73 

size, material, and quality of drain and ventilating pipes 125 72 

special air pipes to traps 128 73 

steam exhaust not to be connected with public sewer 132 74 

steam not allowed to exhaust into public sewer. (Appendix 

NN.) : 31 142 

to whom provisions concerning, apply. (Appendix O.) 9 109 

traps to fixtures 128 73 

use of, prohibited until tested and approved 124 72 

waste pipe from refrigerators not to be connected with drainpipe, 129 73 

to have separate trap 128 73 

water-closets to have tanks or cisterns 130 74 

water pipes to be protected from frost 133 74 

POSTS. 

calculations for strength of 19 36 

POWERS AND DUTIES OF COMMISSIONER. 

appeal from orders of, to be given by appellant 13 32 

how taken and heard 13 32 

ashes, receptacles for to be made of incombustible material satis- 
factory to 112 68 

bay windows, etc., construction of, over public ways, subject to 

approval of 86 61 

board of appeal from, created 12 31 

substitute may be appointed by, to act as member of 12 31 



INDEX. 211 

Section. Page. 
POWERS AND DUTIES OF COMMISSIONER, continued. 

boilers, to make returns required by law relative to 29 

and furnaces above cellar lloor, location, etc., permit from, 

required for 74 57 

for cooking or manufacturing, to be examined, etc., by, before 

use 74 57 

bricks to be laid, wet or dry, as directed by 33 45 

buildings in course of erection, etc., to be examined by, or assist- 
ants 7 30 

records of examination of, to be made by 8 30 

open to inspection 8 30 

to be raised, enlarged, etc., to be examined by, or assistants. 8 30 
certificate of, as to weight-bearing capacity of floor, to be posted, 

etc 56 52 

chemical works not to be erected without permit from 116 70 

columns to be drilled for inspection, if required by 49 50 

dangerous or damaged buildings to be examined by 8 30 

may be repaired or removed by, subject to appeal 88 62 

record of examination of, to be made by 8 30 

to be rendered safe upon notice from 87 61 

duties of, before granting permit for 11 30 

dynamos not to be placed in buildings without permit from 110 70 

egress, ways of, owners, etc., entitled to certificate of safety of, 

from 83 61 

elevators not to be used until approved by <, 78 59 

improperly constructed or unsafe, prohibition to be posted 

on, by 79 59 

operation of, forbidden until new permit from 79 59 

engines, etc., not to be placed in buildings without permit from.. 116 70 

engineers to make necessary computations when required by ... . 10 30 
erection, alteration, etc., of buildings forbidden without permit 

from r 15 33 

excavations, supports for, may be furnished by, when 26 42 

fire, may enter premises to investigate origin of 6 29 

escapes may project into streets when ordered by 82 60 

flues, except vertical ones, not to be made without permit from. . 44 49 
foundations, increased thickness to resist lateral pressure, may be 

ordered by 30 43 

grain elevator not to be erected without permit from 116 70 

ingress, ways of, sufficiency of, to be ascertained by. before grant- 
ing permit 11 30 

" inspector," meaning of term defined 17 33 

mortars not properly made to be condemned by 19 36 

used in setting stone, exceptions may be made by 19 36 

permits for erections, etc., to be granted by 6 29 

applicants for, may be required to give notice, etc., by 11 30 

if refused, may appeal 13 32 

board of appeal may order issuing of, by 13 32 

for building inside of walls 34 45 



212 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
POWERS AND DUTIES OF COMMISSONEK, continued. 

permits, lowest grade of basement to be designated in, by 29 43 

not to be granted, if outlay exceeds, etc 20 40 

persons affected by issuing of, may appeal 13 32 

recesses, etc., not vertical, not to be constructed except upon, 44 49 
third class buildings, within building limits, alterations, etc., 

prohibited without 20 40 

to erect grain elevators, store combustibles, etc., proceedings 

upon application for 116, 118 TO, 71 

piles, grade at which to be cut to be determined by 27 42 

plans, etc., of proposed erections to be filed with, if required. ... 6 29 

public buildings, copy of, to be deposited in office of 11 30 

plumbers, name and place of business of, to be registered in 

office of 120 71 

notice of change in place of business' to be given to 120 71 

notice of work to be done to be filed in office of 121 71 

plumbing, pipes, etc., not to be covered until approved by 123 72 

work not to be done until approved by 121 71 

not to used until tested in presence of 124 72 

record of violations of building laws to be made by 7 30 

rendering works not to be erected without permit from 116 70 

requirements as to protection of hot air and smoke pipes, etc., 

may be dispensed with by 72 56 

skylights to have wire netting when required by 64 54 

stables, rooms in, for coachmen, etc., may be authorized by Ill 68 

stairways used for egress may project over public ways, when 

permitted by , S2 60 

stonework, stresses in, may be less, if approved by 19 36 

supports of structures in process of construction,, etc 26 42 

tenement houses, etc., fire alarm system in, may be substituted 

for watchmen, if approved by 113 69 

prevention, etc., of fire in, additional requirements may be 

made by 113 68 

to have space satisfactory to, for deposit of garbage 112 68 

unsafe buildings to be vacated upon notice from 88 62 

notice of its unsafe character to be posted on exterior of, by, 88 62 
vertical recesses, etc., to be distant seven feet from other recess, 

except by permit of 44 49 

walls, inside four inches of, may be built to satisfaction of, etc. . . 34 45 

water-closets, fixtures for certain, to be approved by 130 74 

POWERS OF CITY COUNCIL. 

may by ordinance make requirements in addition to the statutes, 

relative to wooden buildings without the building limits 22 41 

may by ordinance regulate the management and inspection of 

elevators and hoistways 135 74 

may establish building limits 18 35 

PRIVATE DRAINS. 

in public or private streets or ways, repair of. {Appendix I.) 1 98 



INDEX. l\6 

Section. Page. 
PRIVIES. 

not allowed where sewer is accessible 114 69 

PROJECTIONS. 

over street line 86 61 

{Appendix 00.) 32, 33 144, 145 

PROSCENIUM WALL. 

openings through 98 65 

opening to he provided with a fire-resisting curtain 100 65 

thickness, width, and height of 98 65 

PUBLIC BUILDINGS. 

additional exits necessary 91 63 

aisles, stairways, and passages, etc., to be of even or increasing 

width throughout 91 63 

aisles, etc., to have a rising not over two in ten in auditorium; 

elsewhere not over one in ten 91 63 

all exits to be opened for departing audience 96 64 

boilers, etc., not to be located under auditorium, passageways, or 

stairways 94 64 

commissioner to approve plans of 11 30 

doors shall open outward 91 63 

floors of, capacity of 55 51 

each division to have at least two independent exits .... 90 62 

egress from 81, 82, 90, 91, 102 60, 62, 

63, 66 

endangered by use of combustible material 84 61 

entrances, aisles, passageways, or stairways 91, 92, 93 63, 64 

flights of stairs not to be more than fifteen nor less than three 

stairs between landings 92 64 

fronts to be full width of auditorium, including lobbies, etc 91 63 

front to be located on area open to sky at least thirty feet wide. . 91 63 
lights of stairways and exits to be independent of lights of rest of 

building 95 64 

obstructions not allowed in aisles, passageways, stairways, etc. . . 97 64 

plans of, copy of, to be deposited with commissioner 11 30 

to be printed on playbills, showing exits, etc 96 64 

risers of stair stringers not to exceed seven and one-half inches, 92 . 64 

shall be first class building 90 62 

stage to be not over five feet above street 90 62 

stairs and landings to have hand rails on both sides 93 64 

stairways twelve feet or more wide to have one or more interme- 
diate rails, not more than eight feet apart, properly supported, 93 64 
standing in aisles, passageways, stairways, etc., not allowed during 

performances 97 64 

to have a system of ventilation provided 105 66 

treads to be not less than ten and one-half inches 92 64 

width of exits 90 62 



214 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
PUBLIC HEALTH. 

in buildings, prohibition of. (Appendix X.) 1 117 

PUBLIC LODGING HOUSES. 

regulation of. (Appendix N.) 1-7 102, 103 

PUBLIC WAY. 

buildings on, height of, and line of. (Appendix AA.) 1 126 

Q. 

QUALITY OF MATERIALS. 

to be satisfactory to commissioner 19 36 

QUAYS. 

exempt from operation of act 15 33 

R. 

RAFTERS. 

ends to be splayed 58 52 

RANGES. 

outside of flue of same to be plastered on bricks 69 55 

permit to set 74 57 

shell of flue to be at least eight inches thick 68 55 

RECEPTACLES. 

for ashes to be made of incombustible material 112 68 

(Appendix B.) 11 89 

for garbage required 112 68 

(Appendix B.) 12 89 

RECESSES. 

in external walls 43 48 

in party walls, other than flues in stacks, to be at least seven feet 

apart 44 49 

thickness of backing to be not less than eight inches at any 

point 44 49 

RECORDS. 

of all examinations of unsafe buildings, etc 8 30 

of all violations of act 7 30 

of buildings damaged by accident 8 30 

damaged by fire 8 30 

of business of department 6 29 

of permits to raise, enlarge, alter, build, or tear down, to be made, 8 30 

of steam-boiler examinations to be made 6 29 

to be open to inspection of any officer of city S 30 

to be open to parties whose property may be affected 8 30 



INDEX. 215 

Section. Page. 
RED LIGHTS. 

in hotels, etc 113 68 

REFEREES. (See Board of Appeal.) 

REGISTERS. 

regulations respecting 72 56 

to be constructed of tin plate with double pipes and boxes 72 56 

to be set in soapstone borders two inches in width 72 56 

REGULATIONS AS TO CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE 
OF BUILDINGS. (See Buildings.) 

REPAIRS. 

definition of 17 33 

of wooden buildings in limits 20 40 

REPEALS 138 75 

ROOFS. 

fire-proof, regulations relating to 65 54 

not to exceed one story nor twenty, feet in height unless con- 
structed as required for roofs of first class buildings 65 54 

of certain buildings not to pitch over twenty degrees 64 54 

party walls to be carried above 42 48 

to be covered with non-combustible roofing material 65 54 

to carry a load of twenty-five pounds per superficial foot in excess 

of weight of material and wind pressure 64 54 

ROOF TIMBERS. 

to be separated by four inches of brickwork 57 52 

to enter wall at least four inches or have a bearing of four inches, 58 52 

ROOMS. 

in tenement and lodging houses 109, 110 67, 68 

ROUND STONES. 

in foundations, not allowed 30 43 

RUBBISH. 

tenement and lodging houses to have receptacles for — 112 68 

(Appendix B) 11, 12 89 

RUBBLE FOUNDATIONS. 

when allowed, and how to be built 30 43 

(Appendix MM.) 29 138 



216 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 

s. 

SCENE DOCKS, etc. 

to be separated from auditorium stage, and dressing rooms by 

solid brick walls 101 66 

SCENERY. 

to be covered or saturated with fire-resisting materials 98 65 

SCHOOLHOUSES. (See Public Buildings.) 

fire escapes in. (Appendix K.) 1 99 

SCUTTLE. 

all buildings over twenty feet high to have 80 59 

frames and covers to be covered with non-combustible materials, 75 57 

opening to be not less than eighteen inches by thirty inches SO 59 

shall have permanent means of access to 80 59 

SECOND CLASS BUILDING. 

air ducts in, to be stopped at each story 63 53 

beams, floor or roof, entering walls, how arranged 58 52 

how secured to walls 59 52 

definition of 17 33 

exterior parts of certain, to be of incombustible material 75 57 

external parts above forty-five feet to be of incombustible material, 75 57 

fire stops in, how constructed 63 53 

floor-bearing supports in, distance between materials, etc., of . . . . 45 59 

metal, weight-bearing, to be protected 51 50 

mortar for 19 36 

mortars used in construction of, how made 19 36 

openings outside, to be protected by shutters 76 57 

roofs, capacity of new roofs 64 54 

covering of 65 54 

pitch, not to be over twenty degrees 64 54 

shall have brick partition walls 46 49 

shutters for protection of openings in 76 57 

skylight to be covered with netting, when 64 54 

space in, how divided by brick partition walls 46 49 

to be roofed with non-combustible material 65 54 

walls of, meeting at angle, to be anchored, etc 47 50 

walls, thickness of external and party. 36, 37 46 

party, etc., to be of brick 41 48 

furring and plastering of 41 48 

to be tied to floor beams 59 52 

SEWER. 

public, steam not to be discharged into. (Appendix NN.) 31 . 142 

SHADE. 

erection of, in street. (Appendix NN. ) 55 142 



INDEX. 217 

Section. Page. 
SHADE-CURTAIN. 

erection of, in street. (Appendix NN. ) 55 142 

SHADE-FRAME. 

erection of, in street. (Appendix NN.) 55 142 

SHAVINGS. 

not to be stored in dwelling, tenement, or lodging houses Ill 68 

SHEDS. 

commissioner may authorize erection of, at building sites 18 35 

may be built upon wharves 18 35 

SHELL OF FLUES. 

thickness of 68 55 

SHOW-BILL. 

placing and maintaining, in street. {Appendix NN. ) 56 142 

SHOW-BOARD. 

placing and maintaining, in streets. (Appendix NN.) 56 142 

SHUTTERS. 

how hung 76 57 

to be of substantial Are-resisting material, when 76 57 

SIGN. 

not to be inserted in sidewalk, except. (Appendix NN.) 56 142 

SIGNS. 

over public ways. (Appendix S.) 1 113 

SMOKE-CONSUMING DEVICE. 

to be provided, when. (Appendix T.) 1-5 114 

(Appendix NN.) 99 143 

when bituminous coal is used. (Appendix NN. ) 99 143 

SMOKE NUISANCE. 

abatement thereof. (Appendix T.) 1-4 114 

SMOKE PIPES. 

not to be placed within eight inches of woodwork unless pro- 
tected by a metal shield 72 56 

not to project through any external wall or window 72 56 

when passing through wooden partitions to have a soapstone ring 

or double metal collar 72 56 

SPECIFICATIONS. 

copies of, to be deposited in office of commissioner 6, 11 29, 30 

to be approved by commissioner 11 30 



218 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
SPIRES. 

church, height of 25 42 

STABLES. 

acts concerning erection of 115 69 

( Appendix D, B and Z.) 93, 112 

125 

erection or occupation may be enjoined. (Appendix J J.) 39 134 

injunction may be issued to prevent occupying of 136 75 

(Appendix D.) 2 94 

(Appendix R.) 3 112 

location to be approved by board of health 115 69 

not to be erected or occupied unless licensed. (Appendix J J.) ... 38, 39 134 

penalties for erection, occupation, or use of, without approval. . . 137 75 

(Appendix D.) 2 94 

(Appendix R.) 3 112 

(Appendix JJ.) 38, 39 134 

to be kept forty feet from adjoining property unless licensed by 

board of health 115 69 

to be licensed by board of health. (Appendix R.) 2 112 

use of buildings for, when licensed, to pass with deed. 

(Appendix Z.) 4 125 

use of, to be authorized by board of health. (Appendix D.) .... 1 93 

STAGING. 

unsafe 87 61 

STAIRCASES. 

to have fire stops 63 53 

STANDING ROOM. 

in public buildings, theatres, etc. 97 64 

STATE HOUSE. 

buildings in vicinity of, height of, limited. (Appendix GG.) 1, 2 131, 132 

STEAM, ETC. 

not to be discharged into public drain or sewer 132 74 

(Appendix NN.) 31 142 

STEAM BOILERS. 

how to be set 74 57 

permit for, required 74, 116 57, 70 

returns of, to tax commissioners to be made by commissioner . . . 6 29 

shell of flues of, to be eight inches thick 68 55 

to be enclosed in fire-proof room 74 57 

STEAM ENGINES. 

permit for erection of 116-118 70, 71 



INDEX. 219 

Section. Page. 
STEAM EXHAUST. 

not to be connected with public sewer 132 74 

(Appendix NN.) 31 142 

STEAM EXHAUST-PIPE. 

not to be connected with ventilating pipe, etc. (Apendix NN.). . 27 141 

STEAM PIPE. 

to be kept at least one inch from woodwork 73 57 

STEEL OR IRON" EXTERNAL WALLS. 

to be of sufficient strength and fireproof ed 40 47 

STEPS. 

shall not project into a street 86 61 

STIRRUP IRONS. 

headers to be hung in 60 52 

STONE CORNICE. 

to balance on wall 54 51 

STONE FACING. 

to be securely clamped 39 47 

STONEWORK. 

stresses in tons of two thousand pounds per square foot 19 36 

STORAGE. 

of petroleum. (Appendix M.) 1-5 100-102 

sheds for, may be built upon wharves 18 35 

STRAW. 

not to be stored in dwelling, tenement, or lodging houses Ill 68 

STREET. 

definition of. ( Appendix OO.) 1 144 

descending steps in. (Appendix NN.) 54 142 

erections of canopy, awnings, etc., in. (Appendix NN.) 55 142 

grade of, buildings to be placed at. (Appendix H.) 9 97 

grating in. ( Appendix NN.) 52 142 

openings in and occupation of. (Appendix NN.) ^ .51-52, 54-56 142 

permanent excavation under (Appendix NN.) 51 142 

projections into. (Appendix NN.) 56 142 

over. (Appendix 00.) 32, 33 144, 145 

permit from board of aldermen required. (Appendix NN.). . 56 142 

use of. (Appendix NN.) 36 142 



220 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
STRENGTH OF MATERIALS. 

Brickwork. 

stresses in tons of two thousand pounds per square foot 19 36 

Cast Iron. 

stresses in pounds per square inch 19 36 

In General. 

stresses and forms to he determined hy best authorities 19 36 

Round and Rectangular Columns. 

stresses in pounds per square inch 19 36 

Stonework. 

stresses in tons of two thousand pounds per square foot 19 36 

Timber. 

deflection, — modulus of elasticity 19 36 

posts with flat ends, stresses in pounds per square inch 19 36 

stresses in pounds per square inch 19 36 

Wrought Iron and Steel. 

deflection, — modulus of elasticity 19 36 

stresses in pounds per square inch 19 36 

STRUCTURES. ■ 

over public ways. (Appendix S.) 1 113 

unauthorized, placing, maintenance or use of, may be restrained 

or removed. (Appendix FF) 1 130 

unsafe 87, 88 61, 62 

SUPERINTENDENT OF STREETS. 

to grant permit to enter public drain or sewer. (Appendix NN.). . 30 141 

to raise or lower merchandise. (Appendix NN.) 36 142 

SYSTEM OF VENTILATION. 

theatres, public buildings, schoolhouses, factories, etc., required 
to have 105 66 



T. 

TAIL BEAMS. 

to be framed or hung in stirrup irons 60 52 

TEMPORARY SUPPORTS 26 42 

TENEMENT HOUSE. 

additional safeguards to be made when required by commissioner 113 68 

agent's or owner's name to be posted. (Appendix B.) 19 92 

area of, when restricted, and how 108 67 



INDEX. 221 

Section. Page. 
TENEMENT HOUSE, continued. 

basement and first story to be of u first class 11 construction, 

when. {Appendix Q.) 1 111 

board of health and inspectors to be sworn. (Appendix B.) 23 92 

board of health may limit number of occupants. (Appendix B.) 18 01 

board of health may make additional regulations. (Appendix B.) 18 91 

buildings converted into, to conform to laws relating to 24, 108 41, 67 

(Appendix Q.) 1 111 

cellar floors to be made water-tight. (Appendix B.) 11 89 

cellar not to be used for dwelling purposes. (Appendix B.) ..... 17 90 

chimneys, requirements concerning. (Appendix B.) 11 89 

cleanliness of. (Appendix B.) 13, 14 89 

commissioner to approve plans 6, 11 29, SO 

courts having equity jurisdiction may enforce laws relating to. 

(Appendix J. ). . .' 1 98 

exterior walls, when not to exceed thirty feet in height 107 67 

halls of, to open to external air, unless, etc. (Appendix B.) 16 90 

height of external wall of 107 67 . 

height of rooms 110 68 

infectious disease in. (Appendix B.) 15 90 

light to be kept burning at night 113 68 

material for 24 41 

(Appjendix Q.) 1 111 

may be vacated by board of health, when. (Appendix B.) 18 91 

no dangerous or combustible material to be stored in Ill 68 

(Appendix B.) 12 89 

no horse, cow, pig, etc., to be -kept therein. (Appendix B.) 12 89 

not to occupy above second floor over T % 5 ff of area of lot 108 67 

number of occupants may be limited by board of health. 

(Appendix B.) 18 91 

occupancy of cellars of. (Appendix B.) 17 90 

officers of board of health to have access to. (Appendix B.) 20 92 

owners to whitewash walls and ceilings. (Appendix B.) 14 89 

penalty for violation of provisions 137 75 

(Appendix B.) r 22 92 

privies to be kept clean. (Appendix B.) 14 89 

provisions for light and air .108-110 67-68 

receptacles for ashes, garbage, etc., material and use of 112 68 

(Appendix B.) 11 89 

red lights, gongs, etc., required, when 113 68 

Tooms to be at least eight feet in clear 110 68 

rooms underground, not to be used for sleeping. (Appendix B.) . 17 - 90 

spaces across rear of buildings 108 67 

for deposit of garbage, etc., to be provided 112 68 

(Appendix B.) 11 89 

stairs of, to be enclosed in brick walls 82 60 

tenants to clean rooms, windows, etc. (Appendix B.) 14 89 

"tenement house," meaning defined 17 33 

to be a " first class " building, when 24 41 



222 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
TENEMENT HOUSE, continued. 

to be whitewashed once a year. (Appendix B.) 14 89 

to conform to provisions of chapter 382, Acts of 1885. 

(Appendix B.) , 3 89 

to have adequate and convenient water supply. (Appendix B.) . . 11 89 

to have at least two ways of egress 81, 82 60 

to have fire escapes 81, 82 60 

to have open fireplaces, grates or stoves, etc. (Appendix B.) 11 89 

to have one water-closet for every twenty persons 114 69 

to have separate water-closets for each sex 114 69 

to have suitable and sufficient water-closets or privies. (Appen- 
dix B.) 1 88 

(Appendix EE.) 16 141 

to have water-closets 114 69 

ventilation of 109, 110 67, 68 

(Appendix B.) 16 90 

ventilation of sleeping rooms in 109 67 

water-closets to have a window on open air 114 69 

water to be furnished. ( Appendix B.) 11 89 

when innholder's license shall be forfeited 113 68 

when thermostats may be substituted for watchmen 113 68 

when watchmen are necessary, and the number required 113 68 

windows in stairway walls not allowed 109 67 

windows to open on area one-tenth that of the room 110 68 

yards, courts, alleys, etc., to be kept clean. (Appendix B.) 13 89 

TEEM OF OFFICE. 

of board of appeal 12 31 

of building inspectors 3 29 

of clerk of department 3 29 

of commissioner 2 28 

TERMS USED IN BUILDING LAW, MEANING OF, DEFINED. 

" alteration " 17 33 

" cellar or basement " 17 33 

" composite building " 17 33 

" dwelling " 17 33 

"external wall" 17 33 

"first class building " 17 33 

" foundation '■' 17 33 

" height of a building " 17 33 

" height of a wall " 17 33 

" inspector " 17 33 

"lodging house " 17 33 

" partition wall " 17 33 

" party wall " 17 33 

'repairs " 17 33 

" second class building" 17 33 

" story of a building " 17 33 



INDEX. 223 

Section. Page. 
TERMS USED IN BUILDING LAW, MEANING OF, DEFINED, 
continued. 

" tenement house " 17 33 

" thickness of a wall " . 17 33 

"third class building " 17 33 

TESTS. 

plumbing to be tested with water test before used 124 72 

iron pipe to be tested before put in place 127 72 

THEATRES. (See Public Buildings.) 

additional exits for 91 63 

additional sprinklers for stage, required 104 66 

aisles, passageways, etc., arrangement of 91 63 

aisles, stairways, and passageways to be of even or increasing 

width 91 63 

aisles to have a rising of not over two in ten 91 63 

all exits to be opened for departing audience 96 64 

boilers, etc., not to be located under auditorium, passageways, or 

stairways 94 64 

building commissioner to approve plans of 11 30 

changes of floor levels except stairways 91 63 

copy of plans and specifications of, to be deposited in office of 

building commissioner 11 30 

curtain, material, construction, and mechanism of 100 65 

curtain opening, finish and decorations of 98 65 

to be provided with perforated iron pipes, etc 104 Q6 

doors of, to open outward 91 63 

each division, gallery, etc., to have at least two independent exits, 90 62 

egress from 90, 91 62, 63 

entrances, aisles, passageways, and stairways 91, 92, 93 63, 64 

exits from employees' rooms to be independent and at least two 

in number 102 66 

exit through other buildings 91 63 

fire-resisting curtain to be raised before and lowered after each 

performance 100 65 

fire service and apparatus to be provided as building commissioner 

deems necessary 104 66 

front to be full width of auditorium, including lobbies, etc 91 63 

front to be located on a street or area at least thirty feet wide, 

and open to the sky 91 63 

heating and lighting apparatus 94, 95 64 

hereafter built to be first class buildings 90 62 

landings, width of 92 64 

lights of stairways and exits to be independent of the other lights, 95 64 

lobbies, brick partitions to separate from auditorium 99 65 

number and location of ventilators 103 66 

obstructions in aisles, etc., not allowed 97 64 

plans showing exits and stairways to be printed on playbills 96 64 



224 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
THEATRES, continued. 

proscenium to have fire-resisting curtain 100 65 

proscenium wall, openings through 98 65 

proscenium walls, thickness, width, and height of 98 65 

risers of stair stringers not to exceed seven and one-half inches. . 92 64 
scene docks, carpenter and property shops, and wardrobes to be 
separated from stage, auditorium, and dressing rooms by solid 

brick walls 101 66 

scenery, curtains, etc., to be covered, etc., with fire-resisting 

material 98 65 

stage, etc 98 65 

fixed portions of, not to be of wood 77 65 

gas lights to be protected by nettings 102 66 

high service standpipes to be placed on 104 66 

level not to exceed five feet above street level 90 62 

to be separated from auditorium by brick wall sixteen inches 

in thickness 98 56 

stairs and landings in, to have proper hand rails 93 64 

stairways in, rails for 93 64 

stairways, lobbies, corridors, etc., to be enclosed in brick walls . . 99 65 

standing room 97 64 

steps, number of, in flights 92 64 

stringers, cut of , 92 64 

tread of 92 64 

temporary seats not allowed in 97 64 

ventilation of 105 66 

ventilators over stage, construction and operation of ■. . 103 66 

width of exits 90 62 

winders, width of 92 64 

THERMOSTATS. 

when may be substituted for watchmen 113 68 

THICKNESS OF A WALL. 

definition of 17 33 

THIRD CLASS BUILDING. (Within Building Limits.) 

alteration, etc., on, within building limits, how made 20 40 

area of, within building limits not to be increased 20 40 

cannot be moved to any position in said limits 21 40 

commissioner may authorize sheds at building sites IS 35 

city of Boston may establish limits in other districts 18 35 

city of Boston may extend limits IS 35 

construction and location of certain, subject to approval of com- 
missioner 18 35 

exterior to be covered with incombustible materials, when 18 35 

height of such buildings 18 35 

meaning of term defined. (See Terms Used in Building Law.) 17 33 



INDEX. 225 

Section. Page. 
THIRD CLASS BUILDING, continued. 

mortar for 19 3G 

mortars used in construction of, how made 19 36 

not to be built, except in certain cases 18 35 

not to be increased in height or area 20 40 

not to be repaired or altered without permit from commissioner.. 20 40 
not to be repaired if outlay exceeds fifty per cent, of cost of 

renewal 20 40 

penalties for violation of building act 137 75 

within limits 20 40 

what allowed 18 35 

without building limits, cannot be moved into said limits 21 40 

Wooden. (Outside Building Limits.) 

dwelling, height of. ( Appendix MM.) 34 140 

addition or extension to. {Appendix MM.) 35 140 

to be kept at least three feet from line of lot when used for. 

(Appendix MM.) 34 140 

erection and alteration of. (Appendix MM.) 28-39 138-141 

exemptions relating to. (Appendix MM. ) 39 141 

firestops in. ( Appendix MM.) 32, 33 139 

for stables not to be built nearer than ten feet to line of lot. (Ap- 
pendix MM.) ■ 37 140 

foundation of, material for. (Appendix MM. ) . . .- 29 138 

how laid. (Appendix MM.) ,. 29 138 

piling under. (Appendix MM.) 29 138 

how capped. (Appendix MM.) 29 138 

framing of. (Appendix MM. ) 31 139 

moving of. ( Appendix 00.) 27, 38 144 

no ledger boards allowed. (Appendix MM.) 31 139 

notice to be given to commissioner of proposed alteration or erec- 
tion. (Appendix MM. ) 28 138 

other than dwellings, height of. (Appendix MM.) 37 140 

to be kept at least five feet from line of lot when used for. 

■ (Appendix MM.) 34 140 

not to exceed twenty-five feet in height nor twenty-five hun- 
dred square feet in area unless authorized by city council. 

(Appendix MM.) t 38 140 

party walls in blocks of two or more. (Appendix MM.) 36 140 

penalties. (Appendix NN. ) 105 143 

permit required to build or alter. (Appendix NN. ) 100 143 

(Appendix MM. ) 28 138 

plans to be furnished of work proposed. (Appendix MM.) 28 138 

posts and girths, size of. (Appendix MM.) 31 139 

power of city council with regard to 22 41 

regulation of, building limits. (Appendix MM. ) 27 137 

studding in. (Appendix MM.) 31 139 

underpinning of. (Appendix MM.) 30 138 



2li6 INDEX. 

Section. Page. 
THIRD CLASS BUILDING, continued. 
Wooden. (Outside Building Limits), continued: 
when built on line of lot to have twelve-inch brick wall. (Ap- 
pendix MM. ) 34, 37 140 

when mudsills, blocking, or piles cut at grade may be used. (Ap- 
pendix MM.) 30 138 

within or without limits may be used for hospital purposes. ( Ap- 
pcn dix A.) 1 88 

TIMBER. 

deflection, — modulus of elasticity 19 36 

not to be cut for piping 61 52 

not to be placed nearer than two inches of chimney flue 62 53 

stresses for posts with flat ends 19 36 

stresses in pounds per square inch 19 36 

to be splayed ; 57 52 

TITLE. 

of chief officer " building commissioner " 2 28 

TRAPS. 

drainpipes to have, at or near wall 125 72 

rain water leaders when connected with di'ain, to have 126 73 

required to waste pipe of each and every fixture 128 73 

required under hotel sinks, etc 134 74 

to be protected from siphonage by special air pipes 128 73 

TRIMMER ARCHES. 

to support hearths 70 55 

TRIMMERS. 

to be hung in stirrup irons, when 60 52 

TRUSSES. 

when used as floor-bearing supports 45 49 

TURPENTINE. 

not to be stored in dwelling, tenement, or lodging houses Ill 6S 

u'. 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 

buildings belonging to, exempt from operations of act 15 33 

UNSAFE BUILDINGS. 

may be vacated when 88 62 

owner to secure forthwith or take down 87 61 

penalty for neglecting to secure 1 37 75 

to be placarded " unsafe," when 88 62 

when commissioner may securo or tako down 87 61 



INDEX. 227 

.Section. Page. 

UNSAFE CHIMNEYS 87 61 

UNSAFE HEATIN.Gr APPARATUS, etc 87 61 



V. 

VAULTED WALLS 38 47 

VENTILATION. 

of tenement and lodging houses 109, 110 67, 68 

of theatres, puhlic buildings, schools, etc 105 66 

VENTILATORS. 

over theatre stage, area and construction of 103 66 

VERTICAL RECESSES. 

to be not nearer than seven feet to one another 44 49 

VIOLATIONS. (See Penalties.) 

of chapter 419, Acts of 1892 137 75 

of chapter 45, revised ordinances of 1898, penalty for. {Appen- 
dix NN.) 105 143 

of revised ordinances of 1898, penalty for. {Appendix NN.) . . - 105 143 
of revised regulations of board of aldermen, penalty for. (Ap- 
pendix 00.) 34 145 



w. 

WALLS. 

backing of, when faced with stone 39 47 

bearing partition, to be plastered on brick, etc 41 48 

buttresses to 43 48 

enclosing stairways of tenement houses, etc., windows in, not al- 
lowed 82 60 

every eighth course to be a bonding course 35 45 

" external," definition of 17 33 

external, of iron or steel 40 47 

for dwellings of first or second class, thickness of external and 

party 36 46 

for other than dwellings of first or second class, thickness of 

external and party 37 46 

" foundation, " definition of 17 33 

" height of a wall, " meaning of term defined 17 33 

height of, how measured 25 42 

how built ' 34 45 

of tenement or lodging houses to be of brick 107 67 

" partition," definition of 17 33 

to be built in certain cases 46 49 

to be carried above roof, etc 42 48 



228 INDEX. 

Section. rage. 
WALLS, continued. 

■ " party," definition of 17 33 

to be carried above roof, etc 42 48 

to be plastered on brick, etc 41 48 

recesses and openings in 43, 44, 48 48-50 

stone, facing of, to be clamped 39 47 

" thickness of," means 17 33 

to be anchored to beams 59 52 

to each other 47 50 

to be properly bonded and solidly built 34 45 

to have sufficient caps to distribute load 50 50 

vaulted 38 47 

WASTE PIPES. 

each and everyone to have a separate and independent trap, etc., 128 73 

from refrigerators not to be connected with drain 129 73 

WASTE WATER. 

to be discharged through drain into sewer. (Appendix NN.). ... 28 141 

WATCHMAN. 

in hotels, etc 113 68 

may be omitted, when 113 68 

WATER. 

for tenement houses, etc. (Appendix B.) 11 89 

from sink or water-closet to be discharged into sewer. (Appen- 
dix NN.) .' 28 141 

WATER-CLOSETS. 

for tenement houses, etc 114 69 

(Appendix B.) 1 88 

one closet required for every twenty persons. (Appendix B.) ... . 1 88 

to be supplied from cistern, etc 130 74 

WHARVES. 

exempt from operations of act, when 15 33 

WINDOWS. 

area of opening of, in tenement houses, etc , 109 67 

for ventilating tenement and lodging houses 109 67 

not to project into street 86 61 

projection of bay, relating to 32, 33 144, 145 

( Appendix OO.) 32. 33 144, 145 

WIRES. 

in buildings, regulations concerning. (Appendix G.) 1 95 

officers to be appointed to supervise in buildings. (Appendix G.) 3 96 

owner's name to be attached to. (Appendix G.) 2 96 

when unsafe, notice to be given to owner, etc. (Appendix G.). ■ ■ 3 96 



INDEX. 229 

Section. Page. 
WIRES, continued. 

in buildings, inspection, installation and insulation of. (Appen- 
dix BB.) 1-3 127 

WOODEN BUILDINGS. (See Third Class Buildings.) 

WOODEN FLUES (or Aik Ducts). 

not allowed 77 58 

WROUGHT IRON AND STEEL. 

deflection, — modulus of elasticity 19 36 

stresses in pounds per square inch 19 36 



A