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Full text of "Directory of the city of Detroit; and register of Michigan, for the year 1846. Containing an epitomized history of Detroit ... To which is added copious extracts from the state geological reports in relation to the rise and fall of the Great Lakes, etc"







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i 



DIRECTORY 



OF THE 



CITY OF DETROIT; 



AND 



REGISTER OF MICHIGAN, 

FOR THE YEAR 1846. 



CONTAINING 



An epitomized history of Detroit, an alphabetical list of its citizens; a list of the 
officers of the Municipal government; and the Slate officers: also, every infor- 
mation relalive to the lime and place at which the several courts sit throughout 
the State; with a list of churchW, assocfetions, institutions, <fec.: To which i» 
added copious extracts frrfm the Sjiate Geological reports in relation to the rise 
and fall of the great lakes', &c. ' •• *" ,1 



BY JAMES H. WELLINGS. 



(copy RIGHT SECURED.) 



DETROIT: 

A. S. WILLIAMS, PRINTER. 



1846. 



May he had of the Publisher, Jefferson Avenue, (North side,) op- 
posite U. S. Land Office, near Wales' Hotel, 






Entered according to Act of Congress in the year l&l6,by James H. Wellinos. 
te tbe Gleik's Office of tbe District Court for tbe District of Michigao. 



In Bzohango 

»9 1ti^ 



PREFACE. 

In presenting to the public a " Directory of the City of De- 
troit for 1846," the publisher feels called upon to make an apol- 
ogy to his fellow citizens for what may be considered an act of 
temerity on his part, so soon after the appearance of his former 
meagre and defective production. 

In preparing the directory for 1845, it being his first attempt 
at a work of the kind, the publisher had reason to fear that it 
would not be what he desired, and in addition to his own inex- 
perience, he found to his severe mortification, when the work ap- 
peared that innumerable typographical errors had crept into it. 
He trusts however, when due allowance is made for the rapid 
manner in which the work is necessarily hurried through the 
press, (considering also the shortness of time since he took the 
names of the inhabitants,) that the present work will be found 
as free from errors as can reasonably be expected in one got up 
nuder like circumstances. 

In order to compile the Directory with numbers, the publisher 
applied to the City Council during last winter, for authority to 
unmber the several buildings of the City. In consequence of his 
application, an ordinance was passed adopting a uniform systetn 
for numbering the buildings in the City, but the Council did not 
give him any authority to do it. 



DISCIPLES. 

The Congregation of Disciples (noticed page 48 of the Di- 
rectory,) have obtained the use of the 

HALL OF THE CAPITOL, 

where they will hold their meetings every LORD'S DAY. 

Preaching in the morning and evening at the usual hours. 

They will meet in the afternoon at 3 o'clock for breaking of 
the Loaf, and Social worship. The public are respectfully invi- 
ted to attend. 



NOTICE. 

DETROIT AND PONTIAC RAIL ROAD. 



TWO TRIPS A DAY. 

The cars on the Detroit and Pontiac Railroad will make two 
trips a day on and after Monday May, 11th, leaving as follows: 
Leave Detroit at 8| o'clock A. M. and 4^ o'clock P. M. 
Leave Pontiac at 5 o'clock A. M. and 1 o'clock P. M. 

G. WILLIAMS, President. 
Detroit, May 7, 1846. 

NUMBERING THE CITY. 

The City Ordinance directs that the buildings on streets North 
of Jefferson Avenue and parallel to it, be numbered "east" and 
" west" commencing from Woodward Avenue. 



TOPOGRAPillCAL LOCATION OF MICHIGAN. 



The State of Michigan extends from N. lat. 41 deg. 41 min., 
to N. lat. 47 (leg. 27 min.; and from 5 deg. 20 min. to 9 deg. 
53 min. W. Ion. from Washington, having an area of 43,500 
square miles on the lower or peninsula proper, and 27,000 square 
miles on the upper peninsula, making an aggregate of 70,500 
square miles, and is *'' separated by a natural boundary of rivers 
and lakes on the east and north-east from Upper Canada; from 
Illinois and Wisconsin on the vilest and south-west, and from 
Ohio and Indiana on the south. 

Lake Michigan on the west and north-west; Lake Huron, the 
river and Lake St. Clair, the straits of Detroit, with the west end 
of Lake Erie on the east and north-east, enclose a peninsula, 
forming a cone, of which the straits of Mackinaw is the apex, 
the south line or base being one hundred and sevent3--four miles 
east and west, and the length north and south three hundred 
miles. With this extent of coast, the number of large rivers and 
the infinity of small interior lakes, give the utmost facilities to 
internal navigation; add to this the superior quality of the soil, 
its easy tillage, the heavy and abundant crops, and perhaps the 
whole is not surpassed by any section of equal extent on the sur- 
face of the globe. 

The northern crupper peninsula belongs to a higher level. 
Beginning at the eastern end of Lake Superior and running south- 
erly along the Sault de Ste Marie's river, it lies nearly at right 
angles with the southern or peninsula proper, and separated from 
it by a part of Lake Michigan and Green Bay as far as Menomone 
river. It thence takes a north-west course to Montreal river? 

* Extract from report off?. W. Iliggin?, Esq. State Topographer. 



6 DETROIT 

from the mouth of which it follows the southern shore of Lake 
Superior to the place of bcg-inning, presenting an irregular and 
nearly isolated form, varying from twenty to one hundred and 
twenty-five miles In width. 

Michigan, with the States west and south-west, are designated 
by geographers as lying west of the great dividing ridge which 
determines the course of the rivers falling into the Atlantic on 
one side and the Mississippi on the other. This Appalachian 
ridge, lising in Alabama, runs north-cast, varying in altitude, to 
the Gulf of the St. Lawrence, in many places spreading out into 
broad mountainous districts of thousands of square miles in extent. 
These districts being occupied by subordinate ridges, are often 
cut through by rivers, causing depressions or valiies of co^rres- 
ponding depth. If, however, in tracing the continuation of the 
great ridge across the St. Lawrence to Labrador, it shouM be 
found that the same system continued, then the inr)portant fact 
would be elicited that it had been cut through by that river, the 
only occurrence of the kind from its source in the south to its 
termination in the north. The Potomac, the Susquehanna and 
the Mohawk rivers have their sources on its eastern declivity. 
The lowest pass across the Slate of New York, on the line of the 
Erie canal, is 565_feet above tide water; the medmm height, how- 
ever, a few miles sonth, commencing at Catskill, on the Hudson, 
and terminating at Portland harbor on Lake Erie is 1,300 feet, 
presenting no height less than 0{>5 feet, and the greatest 2,144 
feet. With these and other surveys, it has been ascertained that 
a water communication could not be made across the country 
Bouth of the State of New York, 

Further south the elevation is no where less than 2,478 feet 
above the ocean. The Round Top at Catskill mountains is 3,804, 
and the High Peak 3,718 feet above tide water. The western 
part of the State bordering on Lake Erie, embracing Chautauque 
and Cattaraugus counties, Warren and McKean counties of 
Pennsylvania, and the country southward, are occupied by a 
mountainous ridge. Chautauque Lake, the largest sheet of wa- 
t^r on thic table, is 1.291 fr-pt :»bovc the l^vcl of thr ocean and 



DIRECTORY. 7 

723 feet above Lake Erie; though only nine' miles distant, its 
discharged waters descend to the ocean alonor the western de- 
clivity of the Appalachian range through the Ohio and Mississippi 
rivers, The lov/est pass to the east over a swell of land near 
Cassadaga outlet, in Chautauque county, is 1,720 feet high, and 
another pass on the same swell 1,972 feet. The lowest niche 
in the height of land between Elm and Little Valley Creeks in 
Cattaraugus county, is 1,725 feet, and betv/een Little Valley and 
Big Valley, the lowest pass is 2,180 feet above the level of the 
ocean. Franklinville has an elevation of 1,580 feet, and Angelica 
1,428 feet, although both are situated in valleys. This height 
of land extends close to the shores of Lake Erie, as it may be 
seen that the Allegany, a tributary to the Ohio, rises within four 
or five miles of the lake. 

To the north this ridge gradually declines until near the south- 
ern shore of Lake Ontario. Seven miles north of the cataract 
of Niagara, it takes its last step to the margin of the lake. The 
ridge of rocks which forms this step, continues eastward, and 
passes around the border of the lake, being of a uniform eleva- 
tion of S19 feet, causing not only the cataract of Niagara, but also 
those of Genesee, Oswego and. the Black rivers. It thence unites 
v/ith the more elevated spurs of Chateaugay, south of Montreal, 
forming the eastern boundary of the great basins of Lake Erie 
and Ontario, and giving the direction to the course of tha St. 
Lawrence river through its Vv-hole length. 

From the foregoing remarks, it is observable that the great ba- 
sins or depressions of these lakes, are the abrupt terminations of 
the mountain range, and that \ye fall immediately into an exten- 
sive district, different in its topographical features, the peculiari- 
ties of which belong only to the region of the great lakes which 
bound the principal part of the northern frontier of the Union. 

Leaving Chautauque county, and passing around the south 
shore of Lake Erie, this ridge falls off to the south-west, curv- 
ing towards Iroquois county, in Illinois. It gives rise to the 
Muskingum, Sciota and Miami rivers in Ohio, and to the Wa- 
bash in Indiana, on its southern declivity; and to the Maumee, 



8 DETROIT 

■ emptying into Lake Erie, on its northern declivit)', while a small 
swell approaches the south bend of Lake Michigan, giving rise 
to the Illinois and its tributaries. The height of this ridge at 
the Portage summit, in Akron, 33 miles south of Cleveland, on 
the line of the Ohio canal, is 395 feet above Lake Erie, and 963 
above tide water; and the deep cut £8 miles east of Columbus, 
is but 72 feet less; at Portsmouth on the Ohio river, where the 
canal terminates, the elevation is 474 feet above tide water, and 
94 feet below Lake Erie. At the summit of the Maomce canal, 
at Fort Defiance, it is 88 feet above the lake. It then falls to 
17 feet, west of Chicago, on tiis line of the ship canal, thence it 
pursues an uninterrupted course northward to the Portage at 
Fort Winnebago, between the Wisconsin and Fox rivers, an 
elevation of 121 feet above Green Ba}^, and 134 above Lake Erie. 

At this point the Wisconsin river after flowing 170 miles from 
its source in the north, suddenly turns to the west and falls into 
the Mississippi near Prairie Du Chien, 160 miles ; the Pox river 
rising to the east, runs vvestwardly approaching it within 8,200 
feet, and turning, takes its course again eastwardly and falls into 
Green Bay. The surface of the water in the Fox is usually three 
feet lov/er than that in the Wisconsin, but in time ot floods pas- 
sages are made from one to the other in boats. 

The following table will show the elevation of this summit 
above Lake Michigan and Green Bay, the distance by the milita- 
ry road being 124 miles. 

Feet. Descent. 
From Portage to Lake Winnebago, 

Winnebago Rapids, 
From Winnebago Rapids to Grand Chute, 

Rapids Grand Cliute, 
From Grand Chute to Little Chute, 

Riipids at Little Chute, 
From Little Chute to Grand Cacalin, 

Rapids at Grand Cacalin, 
From Grand Cacalin to De Perre, 
At De Perre dam and level Green Bay, 

121 Feet. 

The same swell continues to rise with about the same uni- 
form degree of elevation, approaching the northern peninsula of 
Michigan, until it can bo seen from Lake Superior, bounding the 



]0.5 


40.5 


3 


i-i 


25 


63 


6 


74 


1.5 


75 5 


5 


80 


31 


in 


3 


114 


6 


120 



DIRECTORY 



soiilhern horiiJon. It divides the waters that run north into that 
lake, and those of the south into the Mississippi, Green Bay and 
Lake Michigan; one of the most elevated ridges, receiving the 
appellation of Porcupine Hills. Swells branching off to the 
eastward and having their bases washed by the waters of the lake, 
present mural precipices, and assume different names. Those of 
the Pictured Rocks are said to be the most imposing. Some of 
these cliffs are three and four hundred feet high. From the Por- 
cupine Hills the country slopes eastward to the Sault de Ste 
Marie, the outlet of Lake Superior, This river is obstructed by 
a rapid 4,500 feet long, with a descent of eighteen feet. 

Table of the height of LaJce Superior, ivith the intermediate La':es^ above, and 
' their distances frovn Tide jyater. 

Rome. I Miles. | Feet. 



S)t Lawrence Kiver up to Tiae V% aicr, . ... I 

Level Lake Ontario, 

Level Lake Erie, 

Level Lake Huron, I 

Level Lake Michigan, j 

Level Lake Superior, 

West end Lake Superior, ' 





450 






200 


650 




232 


175 


825 


S33 


565 


340 


1165 


13 


578 
573 


240 


1405 


18 


596 


4S0 


1895 







From the above data, we infer the following curious fact : that 
if a barrier eighteen feet high existed across the foot of Lake 
Huron near Fort Gratiot, lakes Huron and Michigan would rise 
to a level with Lake Superior : or if a similar barrier was placed 
of thirty-one feet, across the foot of Lake Erie at Buffalo, the 
singular result would follow, that four of the great lakes would 
become one uniform level, and merged in one immense inland sea. 

By an examination of the foregoing table, we see a striking 
peculiarity of this region of '• broad rivers and streams"— its vast 
extent — commencing at the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and extend- 
ing in a south-west direction up that river, thence into the basin 
of Lake Ontario, at an elevation of £32 feet above the ocean : 
thence again rising by the Niagara river and cataract, 333 feet to 
the level of Lake Erie, (the first in the central subdivision, in- 
cluding Lakes Huron and Michigan, of the great bhsin,) forming 
an angle at the western end of that lake in the estuary at the 
mouth of the Maumee river ; it thence runs nearly north through 
the straits of Detroit, the lake and river St. Clair, into LakeHu- 



10 



DETROIT 



ron, rising 13 feet; thence by a north-westerly course through 
the straits of the Sault de Ste Marie, rising 18 feet to the west 
end of Lake Superior, a distance of 1,095 miles. The whole de- 
pression contains an area of 400,000 t-quare miles, 94,000 of which 
is occupied by water, still leaving an extent sufficient to sustain 
a population of more than seventy millions of inhabitants. 

The following will show in a condensed form, estimates of the 
.mean length, breadth, depth, area and elevation of the several 
.collections of water: 





Mean 
length. 

Miles. 


Mean 
hreadtli. 

Miles. 


Mean 
deptli. 
Feet. 


Eleva- 
tion. 

Feet. 


Area in 

square 

Miles. 




4uu 
ICO 
320 
240 
20 
2-10 
1^0 


20 
70 
80 
18 
40 
3. 


.500 

1,COO 

1,000 

20 

84 

500 

•io 


5»0 
578 
578 
578 
570 
5C5 
232 






2,000 


Lake Miclii°'a.n, 


22,400 

20,40!) 




Lake St Clair, 


3G0 


Lake Erie, 


e,6oo 




6,300 


RivPf St. Lnwrenco 


941) 



Michigan occupies a central position between the extremes, 
and uniting with the upper division of the St. Lawrence basin. 

THE LAKES AND LAKE COAST. 

These constitute a prominent feature and must be of great and 
increasing interest, connecting the agricultural with the com- 
mercial enterprise of Michigan. As no State with a location so 
distant from the seaports, has done more in the same short peri- 
od to develope the advantages to be derived from its internal re- 
fiources ; none can be in a situation better to reap the advanta- 
ges arising from an extended inland coast. 

If the distance by meanders of the shore of the lakes and in- 
dentations of the bays were to be made the standard for the 
length of the coast, it would amount to more than twice that of 
another run without regard to the sinuosities of the shore. 

The exact distance from the foot of Lake Huron (near Fort 
Gratiot,) at a point where the North line of township number six 
north, and range number 17 west intersects the water, to Middle 
Island, by meanders, is 345 miles including Saginaw bay. The 
same distance on a direct line is onlv 143 miles. Thence to 



DIRECTOIIY, 11 

Mackiitaw 97 miles, but by meanders including the False and 
True Presque Isles, the distance would be increased to 150 miles, 
making a total by meanders of 495 miles, and by a direct line240 
miles. 

If the eastern shore of the peninsula appears so irregular and 
deeply indented with bays and harbors, the western is not less 
so, particularly in the northern part. The difference will be pro- 
portionally greater, as the Little and Grand Traverse bays are 
larger, excepting Saginaw bay, than the largest bays on the east- 
ern side ; but as a small part only of the western shore has been 
surveyed, the subject will not admit of a more extended notice at 
this time. 

Many doubts have heretofore existed in relation to the number 
and convenience of harbors . A minute examination of the shores 
has however removed much of the prejudice against the naviga'- 
tion of the lakes, and there is probably no line of coast of equal 
extent (being 700 miles) that will with inconsiderable improve- 
ments furnish a greater number of good harbors. Much of the 
apprehended danger has arisen therefore from ignorance of these 
facts, and the localities of the numerous sheltered bays which 
would afford protection at all seasons, and as but few if any at- 
tempts have been made by actual navigators to explore for them- 
selves, and being without charts, it is no wonder that representa- 
tions of danger should have obtained, and the dread of shipwreck 
on an apparently desolate coast, magnify in a great degree the 
fears attendant on crossing these inland seas. 

DEPTH OP THE LAKES. 

The depth of the lakes has been a subject of speculation from 
the earliest period of their discovery by Europeans . Tables have 
been constructed, and the areas and contents of each endeavored 
to be ascertained. Errors have been made in these as well as in 
their elevation above the ocean; in the latter case however, little 
is left to conjecture. 

Lake St. Clair, an expansion of the straits between Lakes Hu- 
ron and Erie, 13 by 20 miles, is much the shallowest, the aver- 



12 DETROIT 

a<re depth being only £0 feet. Lake Erie docs not exceed 84 
feet. An ordinary storm disturbs its bottom, and its waters ap- 
pear turbid. These lakes may be considered as receiving the de- 
tritus brought down by the rivers flowing into the^n, and deposi- 
ted there. This in particular is apparent around the head of 
Lake St. Clair, where alluvion islands are constantly forming, 
and in spring choke up the numerous channels at the mouth of 
the St. Clair river, extending in the form of a delta far into the 
lake. The same remark may be made in respect to the west end 
of Lake Erie, where detritus extends some miles from the mout!i 
of Maumee river; the channel is often deviousf and a prevailing 
westerly wind reduces the lake to less than one fathom. 

Lakes Michigan and Huron have undoubtedly the deepest 
chasms. Receding from the shore, their waters deepen uniform- 
ly, and there exist no central shoals or islands, showing in any 
manner a broken or alpine formation at their bottoms. It is only 
in the straits of Mackinaw, and above and around the Georgian or 
Manitou bay of Lake Huron, that islands and shoals make their ap- 
pearance. The channels among these islands however, are only 
chasms through recks caused by abrasion from the water of the 
lakes. Soundings have been made to the incredible depth of 1 800 
feet without reaching the bottom, and the most experienced ship- 
masters do not hesitate to assert the average depth to be more 
than 1000 feet. Lake Superior though larger, cannot be consid- 
ered deeper than the others for reasons already assigned. It 
abounds with islands, many of which are large ; Isle Royale is 
100 miles long. Primitive masses of rock lie disrupted above 
and below its surface in every direction, and a permanent impres- 
sion is left that a chasm shapeless in its exterior as well as its 
interior dimensions, fed by springs and tributary rivers, are the 
great features of this lake at a depth of 900 feet. 

Mountain districts, as has been heretofore observed, may be cut 
through by rivers causing deep valleys and depressions, but no 
where on the continental surface of the globe, can be found so 
deep chasms as the basins of these lakes. Though elevated 596 
feet above, their bottoms are more than 400 feet below the level 



DIRECTORY, IS 

of the ocean. Their superficial area is 94,000 square miles, and 
they contain 11,300 cubic miles of water, a quantity more than 
half of all the fresh water on the earth. 

INTERIOR PENINSULA LAKES. 

Neither is the subject of the lesser interior lakes on the pe- 
ninsula, so far as their number and magnitude are ascertained, to 
be overlooked, forming as they do by their frequency, a great con- 
trast in the topography of this, to that of the other States. 

From the Ohio and Indiana line on the south, up to range line 
number seven north, including all south of the line of the North- 
ern Railroad, an extent of 9,688,320 square acres, there are 1,425 
of these lakes occupying areas of from one to 3,500 square acres 
each. Their waters are remarkably cool and transparent, and 
give to the landscape a highly picturesque appearance. To ap- 
ply the principles of hydrography in ascertaining their aggregate 
extent, becomes the more difficult, since in addition to their great 
number no two are of the same dimensions. The following, how- 
ever, will be found to approximate the truth, allowing each lake 
an area of 160 rods square, we shall give to the whole 228,000 
acres, an extent equal to nearly ten townships, and somewhat 
larger than Lake St. Clair, and a proportion of about one acre 
of water to every thirty-nine of dry land. 

All the rivers in the State have their sources in groups of these 
lakes, and they are the fountains of the unremitting volumes that 
flow through the thousand channels of our streams. While the 
rivers of neighboring States have measurably disappeared during 
seasons of uncommon drought, and caused derangement in their 
c ommerce, ours have suffered comparatively little diminution. 

PERIODICAL RISE AND FALL OF WATER IN THE 

LAKES. 
This interesting question has given rise to a variety of curious 
speculations. The inference drawn from the following data it is 
presumed will not be altogether inconclusive: 

Calculations may be made sufficiently accurate to determine 
nearly the amount of surface drained, " and if our climate shows 



14 



DETROIT 



a successive series of cold and moist years, and a series of '.varrn 
or dry ones mutually following each other," varieties in the vol- 
ume of water cannot but necessarily be great. 

Takingj'nto our account only the central and upper divisions 
of the St. Lawrence valley from Niagara, to the north west an- 
gle of Lake Superior, embracing all the country whose streams 
are tributary to the lake?, we have by the following table of sec- 
tions, 248,755 square miles of surface besides that of the lakes. 

Super/ices drained by the Central and Upper Division of the St. Lmcrence basin. 



Medial 
length. 



Medial 
breadth. 



Area iii 
Square 
Miles. 



Peninsula E. and S. E. of Late liuroa ajia i\. ol Lake 

Erie from Iriquois Bay to Niagara, 

N. and N E. from Iriquois Bay to Ottawa River, . . 
N. E. of Lake Superior, from Mackinaw to Nipigon 

River, 

N. W. of Lake Superior from Nipigon to St. Louis 

River, 

S. W. and S. of Lake Superior, from St. Louis River 

to Desert Lake and Portage, 

W. side Lake Michigan, from Portage to head Des 

Plaines River 

Peninsula between Lakes Michigan and Huron, and 

west end Lake Erie, 

South of Lake Erie to Niagara, 

Add area of Lake Superior, 

" Green Bay, 

" Lake Michigan, 

" Lake Huron 

" Lake St. Clair, 

" Lake Erie, 



123 


85 


300 


200 


320 


60 


310 


55 


300 


200 


150 


100 


32.5 


174 


1 SCO 

l' 


35 



10,45.3 
60,000 

19,200 

17,050 

60,000 

15,00<> 

5fi,.'55(> 
10,.%0 
32.000 
^ 2.000 
22.400 
20,400 
3t)!) 

9,600 
335.515 



The floods in Lake Ontario are generally the highest by about 



accumulations of all the other Lakes from the Niagara to the 
head of the St. Louis river. 

From the year 1814, we can speak with some degree of con- 
fidence of the rise and fall of these waters. During that yea? 
the upper lakes were full. This was the case in 1815 with thd 
central and lower lakes. In 1819 and 1820, the water is said U 
have been at an unusually low ebb in the same lakes. 

The difference in the time of the apparent rise between the up' 
per and lower division, may be accounted for on the principli 
that the largest bodies of water are on the upper level, and ai 



DIRECTORY. 15 

these are discharged, the lower division would be comparatively 
high, while the upper would be reduced to low water mark. 

From 1320, the water again began to rise and continued to in- 
crease until 1028, since which time A. E. Hathon, Esq. civil en- 
gineer of Detroit, has given the subject particular attention. His 
first observations were taken at the old hydraulic works at the 
time when the pipes were being laid for furnishing the city with 
water from the Detroit river ; he has since transferred it to the 
top of the water table of the tower at the new hydraulic works* 
The surface of the river at the time of the transfer, August 21^ 
1838, was 3.21 feet below that base ; this will serve as a refer- 
ence for the future. 

It appears from his journal that the water was low in the spring 
of 1830, having fallen about two feet since 1828. In June fol- 
lowing, it had again risen two feet, or to the level of 1828. — 
From that time its rise was gradual until June 1836, at which 
time it was found to have attained the height of one foot and 
eight inches. In June 1837, it rose seven inches, in June 1838 
nine inches, and on the 21st of August following, three inches, 
making the rise 3 feet 3 inches since June 1830, and 5 feet 3 
inches since March in the same year. 

Table showing the rise of vjaterfrom March, 1830, to August, 1838. 

I Feet. |Ii!clies.| Rise. 



.luiie ic;ju, 

.lime 183(3, 

June 1837, 

June 1838, 

AMgnst 21. 1838. 




5i,U 

3,8 

■ 4,3 
.5.0 
5^3 



Many conclude that the high Hood in the latter year was great- 
er than had been known for at least a century, from the fact that 
orchards had been killed along the St. Clair and Detroit rivers, in 
consequence of the lands being overflowed. 

On the 21st of August 1833, according to the above table the 
water had attained its maximum, and after continued fluctuations 
during the seven following years returned to the minimum of 
1830. 



16 



DETROIT 



Table shoiving the rise and fall of water from August 21, 1838, to July 1, 13^15. 





RISE. 


FALL. 




l-e.t. 


Inches. 


FPel. ilnclies. 


l-roin August 21, JHKg, to .)uly ;JJ, l&^y, 

'• Tnlv^l 1B39 tol«lv4 1840 


3 
1 


5 
8 


1 
2 

4 

1 


i 
5 


" July 4 1340 to Aut^u't 2 1841 




" Auo-us't2, 1841, to June 1, 1842, 


P 


" June 1, 184'2, to July 1, 1843 


4 


'• July 1 1843, to July 1, 1844 




" July 11844, to July 1, 1845, 


9 








5 


1 


10 
5 


4 
1 



Total fall since 1838, 



It is stated that in the month of February in the present year, 
(1846) the Detroit river fell three feet nine inches lower than it 
had done in the corresponding month for many years precedinofj 
and that the like occurrence is not known to have happened but 
once before within the memory of the oldest inhabitants. This 
remarkable fall is attributed to the circumstance of a barrier be- 
ing formed by the ice at the foot of Lake Huron obstructing its 
passage. 

In order to estimate the enormous accumulations of water du- 
ring the time of the highest flood, and which is discharged through 
the riverj it will only be necessary to refer to the table where 5| 
feet appears to be the maximum of the rise, A transverse sec- 
tion of the river taken opposite Detroit where it is contracted to 
52 chains 80 links, of this depth contains 18,018 cubic feet, and 
allowing the current a velocity of one mile an hour, which is 
known to be less than its ordinary current, there would be dis- 
charged 95,135,040 cubic feet per hour, or 1,585,558 cubic feet 
per minute, an amount sufficient to supply 58 canals of the di- 
mensions of the Clinton and Kalamazoo, or 35 of the Grand Erie 
canal, and more than 16 times the amount contained in the Cedar 
river, and Sycamore creek, Ingham county, Deer creek and Grand 
river, Eaton county, Shiawassee river, Livingston county, and 
Rabbit river, Allegan county. 

We are not prepared to say that there are 16 times as many 
rivers (as those above enumerated) at the north, which have 
changed their course, and discharge in directions contrary to their 



DIRECTORY. H 

former ones, thus filling the basin of Lake Superior, and causing 
the periodical rise of the lakes, nor is it reasonable to suppose 
that rivers discharging so great a quantity, can be found in that 
region. We must therefore look for the cause to the quantity 
of rain which has fallen, and to the melting of the snow m spring 
upon the immense surface drained by these lakes. 

RIVERS. 

Streams receiving the appellation of rivers in the State are 
numerous. This name, however, is applied to none unless of 
sufficient magnitude to be considered worthy of meandering on 
both sides; accordingly instructions to that effect have been given 
by the Surveyor General to his deputies in the prosecution of the 
government surveys. The Grand Muskego and St. Joseph will 
bear a comparison in length with many of the western and no 
small number of the eastern rivers of the first and second class. 
Their width and depth are not in proportion to their length, 
arising from the fact of their uniform descent. This character- 
istic will apply to all the other streams on the peninsula. They 
are unbroken by cateracts, and but little obstructed by rapids. — 
The number in the surveyed part, and discharging into the lakes, 
is twenty — of these the Grand river is the largest. 

This river rises in Hillsdale and the south part of Jackson 
counties, in a cluster of more than fifty lakes that interlock with 
the Kalamazoo and St. Joseph, each emptying into Lake Michi- 
gan on the west; and with the Raisin, which empties into Lake 
Erie on the east. These, with the Little St. Joseph, St. Joseph 
ot Maumee, and Tiffins, or Bear Creek, running south have their 
sources on the highest table land in the southern half of the 
peninsula, being an elevation of 646 feet above Lake Erie. From 
its source in a northerly direction to Jacksonburgh is 25 miles, 
its level here being 325 feet above Lake Michigan. From Jack- 
sonburgh it is 53 miles to Red Cedar river, 30 to Looking Glass 
river, and 18 to the Maple river. At this point its elevation is 
56 feet above the lake, where it takes a westerly course of 50 
miles to Grand Rapids, and 40 more to its mouth — making its 



t8 DETROIT 

entire length 216 miles. It conveys the surplus water of 2,949,- 
liiO square acres. There are many other large tributaries besides 
those above mentioned, which it receives from the north — among- 
these are the Flat and Rogue rivers, no inconsiderable streams. 
Its width the first 40 miles from its mouth is 800 feet, and for 50 
miles further to Lyons, on the Maple, it is 500 feet. In spring, 
floods raise the river about ten feet, overflowing and enriching 
its valley, which is densely covered with a heavy and beautiful 
growth of forest trees. 

The St. Joseph has for its source more than 25 lakes, and as 
before mentioned, has its origin in Hillsdale and Branch counties, 
it runs a northerly course, afterwards passing to the south-west, 
and crossing the south boundary of the State, enters Indiana, 
again curving northwardly it re-enters this State, and falls into 
Lake Michigan, receiving many large tributaries, among which 
are the Paw Paw, the Dowagiac, Elkhart, Prairie, Pigeon and 
Fawn rivers. 

From its mouth to the line of Indiana, the distance is 48?; 
miles, at a level of 68^ feet, after running 43 miles in Indiana, 
and at an elevation of 99 feet, it re-crosses the State line, the 
distance to Three rivers is 23| miles: rising 35 feet, thence 26:2 
miles to Sturgeon lake, and 204 to Union City, making the whole 
distance 160 miles from its mouth to this place, and its height 
above Lake Michigan 285 feet; the entire length of the river is 
203 miles — its width is 900 feet at its mouth, and carries the 
surplus waters of 2,327,040 square acres. 

The Kalamazoo river drains nearly all the remainder of the 
surface on the western declivity, (situate between the Grand and 
St. Joseph rivers above described,) or about 1,382,400 square 
acres. Its tributaries are not many or large; its average width 
is about 200 feet; its source is in a group of 20 lakes. Farvvell's 
lake is six feet above the source of Grand river, though hardly 
40 rods distant; and so near do the rivers rising on this plateau 
approach each other that the waters flowing east, west and south 
might easily be made to mingle at this point. Its course is more 
direct than either of the others mentioned. 



DIRECTORY. 19 

The distarce from its itiouth to Allegan is 30 miles, with a 
current of three miles an hour; thence 25 miles to Kalamazoo, 
where it is 148 feet above the lake; thence to Albion, at the 
Forks, 13 miles, rising 9 feet, making a distance of 116 miles, 
and at an elevation of 345 feet. From the Forks to its source 
IS 34 miles; its entire length is therefore 150 miles. 

The rivers discharging on the eastern coast of the State virithio 
the surveyed district, have a less volume, and may be described 
together as having similar features, or if there be an exception, it 
is in the length. The length of all is abridged, however, by having 
a spp.ce to traverse only of about 40 to 60 miles, the dividing 
ridge being so much nearer the eastern than the western side of 
the peninsula. 

The river Raisin heads in a series of 50 lakes, the nearest of 
which is but a lew rods from the head of Grand river. Its whole 
length may be computed at 85 miles. 

The head waters of the western branches of the Huron also 
rise near those of Grand river, while its eastern sources inoscu- 
late with the Clinton. This river and the Clinton have their 
sources in, by far, the greatest number of lakes — they are no less . 
than £00, and some of them large, embraced in the area of Oak- 
land, Livingston and Washtenaw counties. 

The Saginav/ river receives the dischj^rged waters of the Cass, 
Flint, Shiawassee and Tittabawassee rivers, 25 miles from its 
mou'ih. These rivers, with their tributaries, descend from every 
point of the compass — the Tittabawassee from an unsurveyed 
district in the north, the Shiawassee from the western declivity 
of the summit in Oakland county in the south, the Flint and Cass 
from the summit of the same swell in Lapeer and Sanilac coun- 
ties on the east and south-east. Their average length is 90 
miles. 

The table which follows will show at once the vertical rela- 
tion of almost every important point throughout the State in- 
cluded in the surveyed portion when this report was made. The 
surface of Lakes Huron and Michigan is made the plane of refer- 
ence; these are 578 feet above tide water. 



20 DETROIT 

By a reference to the heights, it appears that there is a swell 
of land which may be called the true ivater shed, running from 
Point aux Barques south 45 degrees west, and passing out of the 
State into the north-east corner of Indiana, about equi-distant 
from Lakes Erie and Michigan. It attains its greatest elevation 
in Hillsdale county, seven miles east from Jonesville, where it is 
633 feet above the plane of reference. Its summit on the Central 
Railroad, at the division line between Jackson and Washtenaw 
counties, 14 miles east of Jacksonburgh, is 437 feet. In the vil- 
lage of Ponliac, in Oakland county, on the summit level of the 
Clinton and Kalamazoo canal, it is 336 feet. It then again rises, 
and at the head waters of Belle river, in Lapeer county, is 414 
feet. From this point it gradually falls oft", and with a few rills 
descending on its north and eastern slope, sinks to the level of 
the beach of the lakes. This swell will present but few eleva- 
tions above the actual surveyed lands exceeding 50 feet, and these 
knobs, where present, are located without design and without 
uniformity of range. 

On the line between Oakland and Livingston counties a branch 
diverges to the north-west, giving rise to the Red Cedar, Look- 
ing Glass and the Maple rivers on its western declivity, while the 
Shiawassee rises at the point of divergence, and runs northwardly 
parallel to its eastern side. The lowest pass across this swell is 
95 feet above Lake Huron. Leaving this point and ascendmg to 
township 10 north, of range 5 west, its course is changed to the 
north, and it rises to its greatest elevation at the sources of the 
Muskego river, in Lake Otisco, in town 22 north. From an in- 
spection of the map, an apparent design appears to have marked 
the future communication between Lakes Huron and Michigan, 
from the broad and deep indentation of Saginaw Bay over this 
narrow and low pass. 

From the dividing swell, the country lies in one plane on each 
side, inclining gently and uniformly to the margin of the lakes, 
with the exception of a slight corresponding elevation on the 
western side of the State. This may be traced from the great 
bend of Grand river to where it crosses the Kalamazoo, west of 



DIRECTORY. 21 

thai village, thence curving with theshoreof the lake, terminates 
at the South Bend, where it diverts the St. Joseph river, through 
a part of Indiana. Its average height at Grand river is 80 feet; 
200 feet at Kalamazoo and 75 at South Bend above the level of 
the surrounding country. It need not be stated that the interior 
peninsula lakes partake of the highest elevation, when reference 
is had to their being situated at the sources of all the rivers; and 
that the summit in Oakland and Livingston counties abounds with 
the greatest number. 

From tables in which the elevation of places have been collated, 
a few remote from each other have been selectee, which may- 
serve to show the uniformity of the surface generally. Conclu- 
sions from this table cannot bo drawn, however, in detriment to 
the healthy and rapid, and not unfrequently precipitous flow of 
all our streams. 

Table shoiuing the vertical relation of the several points referred to — the sur- 
face of Lakes Huron and Michigan being made the plane of rfference. 

Fcr.l . 

Outlet of Grass Lake, Jackson county, 377 

Village of Barry, Jackson county, 3(i2 

Head of Spectacle Lake, Calhoun county.. 373 

Heart of Mill Creek, St. Clair county 3<)S 

Ivalamazoo River at Albion, Kalamazoo county, 3.51 

Ha!;dstone Creek, Jackson county, 347 

Outlet Gillel's Lake, Jackson county, 354 

Village of Newberry, St. Clair county 281 

Vv^est end Prairie Ronde, Kalamazoo county, 27H 

Rice Creek near Marshall, Calhoun county, - 2!^t) 

Honey Creek, Washtenaw county, 2()ti 

North Branch River Raisin, Lenawee county, STfi 

Hasler's Creek, Lapeer county , 2t)5 

OedJes do Washtenaw county, 220 

Flint River at Lapeer, Lapeer county 23t< 

Huron River, Dexter, Washtenaw county, 232 

I Old Fort Holmes, Mackinaw, 2Hf 

Kalamazoo river near Augusta, Kalamazoo county, 187 

Kalamazoo River, Kalamazoo village, 154 

Shiawassee River at Owasso, Shiawassee county, ]4'> 

Fort Mackinaw, Mackinaw, 150 

Cliff, Robinson's Folly, Island of Mackinaw, 12=) 

Ypsilanti, Washtenaw county, 130 

Bank of Lake Michigan, New Buffalo, Berrien county, 100 

Huron River at Ypsilanti, Washtenaw county, J0(4 

Paw Paw River, Lafayette Villaire, Van Ruren county, 10»> 

Stony Creek, crossing Northern Railroad, Ionia county, 82 

Mouth of Maple River, Ionia county, 5(> 

St. Joseph River at Bertrand, Berrien connty, 5S 

Half Way House, Wayne county, ?A 

Brush Creek near Mason, Van Buren countv, 76 



22 DETROIT 

NATURAL WOODS OF MICHIGAN. 

The arrangement which this subject calls for, properly belongs 
to the department of botany. Nevertheless without attending 
to the details which should accompany a catalogue of an entire 
flora, it will be sufficient to exhibit generally the geographical 
boundaries of such of the larger productions as are rerjuired for 
constant use, either in farming, building or for the market. 

Oak is the predominant growth of the peninsula. Among the 
varieties, the white is in the greatest abundance. The shingle 
or laurel oak and the red oak are next abundant. And the burr 
oak, though not usually found intermixed in common with the 
other varieties, abounds, notv^^i'thstanding, over extensive areas 
not unfrequentiy to the exclusion of other kinds. 

The surest indication of a good soil accompanies the last men- 
tioned, and the finest and largest crops of wheat are there pro- 
duced, for the reason that the soil contains a larger amouivt of 
calcareous matter. 

Dividing the peninsula by an east and west line, nearly corres- 
ponding to that of the line of the Northern Railroad, a botanical 
map would represent the northern portion as having, by far, the 
greatest burthen of timber possessing a proportionable quantity 
of the different varieties found elsewhere in the State, 

Marked limits may be given to those districts in the southern 
portion, where a few groves of pines are found. Their localities 
are in the vicinity of the water courses of Kent and Ottawa 
counties, and among the timbered lands of Allegan, estendino- in 
comparatively small tracts along the borders of Lake Michigan 
nearly to New Biiflulo, in Berrien. In crossing the State through 
the interior counties, none are met until reaching the central 
parts of Genesee, Lapeer and St. Clair. Here they are again 
found in the same range of northern townships, where they first 
occur in the counties before mentioned. 

North of thi;i belt or zone, which is the natural boundary be- 
tween the oak openings and plains of ihe south, the forest abounds 
promiscuously with the white, yellow and Norway pine, white 
cedar, tamarac, ash, oak, birch, sugar maple, sycamore, beech, 
lynn, elm. white wood, black walnut, See. kiC 



DIRECTORY, ! 23 

There are, however, extensive-districts nearly continuous from 
Ottawa, Kent and Ionia counties northward, of openings and 
small prairies, particularly a fev/ miles inland from White river, 
and from Great and Little Sable points. But on ascending the 
Mnskego river, until reaching- its source, thence north on both 
sides of the principal meridian, extensive tracts;occur, in many 
instances free from a mixture of other timber, while in other 
places the sugar maple and beech are not unfrequently found, 
commingling with pines of immense girth. 

The fact of the white wood and black walnut accompanying 
the sugar maple and beech, as seen occupying the districts inland 
from the Sable points, in towns J3, 14, 15, 16 and 17 north, of ran- 
ges 14, 15,16, 17 and 18 Vi^est, would, to the most ordmary agricul- 
turist, demonstrate the superiority of the soil; and when taken 
in connection with the limited tracts of oak openings, and the 
great amount of the most valuable timber, it seems difficult to 
determine any preference of the southern over the northern por- 
tions of the State. 

The soil is not considered of so good a quality on the eastern 
side of the peninsula, immediately along the shore of Lake Huron, 
owing to its low, level and sandy qualities, consisting chiefiy of 
the debris of sand rock; consequently the timber is generally 
stunted, and consists in great proportion of birch, tamarac and 
cedar. Where pine occurs, it is mostly too small to be profitably 
made use of. But at every advance inland both improve. 

The face of the country throughout the northern interior, id 
high and rolling or undulating, and appears to one acquainted 
with the southern part of the peninsula to bear a close resem- 
blance in its general contour. 

It may be considered then as a question fully decided that 
more than one-half of the State is heavily timbered in that part 
lying above the line of the Northern Railroad — that the sugar 
maple and pine are here the most common, as well as the most 
valuable timber — that the other kinds are found in situations 
equivalent to their occurrence farther south, upon streams and 
bottom lands, or upon plains and openings. No tree is held in 



24 DETROIT 

higher eslimation by the Indians than the sugar maple, and no 
source of complaint is more grievous than a separation from it by 
removal to places were it is not found. 

The pine, if not wasted or wantonly destroyed by fire or oth- 
erwise, will furnish an abundant supply for a long time to come. 

DECREASE OF ELEVATION IN THE WATERS OF 
THE LAKES. 

The State Topographer, S. W. Higgins, Esq., from whose 
reports the publisher has compiled the foregoing article, remarks 
in 1840 in relation to " the decrease of elevation in the waters of 
the lakes''' as follows: "It is a quGstion I believe satisfactorily 
determined at the present time, that there exists no perceptible 
tide in them which can be referable to planetary influence; yet 
for a long time to come, it is presumed the ordinary fluctuation 
produced by atmospheric agency will be considered a tidat wave, 
nor will the persuasion be easily dismissed, that so great an ex- 
panse of water can remain unaffected, at least to some degree. 

The question is also as fully determined as to their general 
rise for a succession of years, and then their general subsidence 
to a certain minimum, the actual degree of which, as well as the 
maximum, were not recorded previous to the year 1800,'' 

CHANGE OF ELEVATION IN THE WATERS OF THE 
GREAT LAKES. 

When the importance of the above subject is duly considered, 
the publisher of the Directory trusts the following additional ar- 
ticle in relation to it, will not be unacceptable to his friends and 
patrons, seeing especially it is Irom the pen of one so eminently 
qualified to treat thereon, as the late lamented State Geologist, 
Dr. Douglass Houghton. It is extracted from the State Geolo- 
gist's report, dated February 4, 1839: 

*• Intimately connected with the geological changes which are 
taking place from the deposite of detrital matter, at the mouths 
of streams, and in the deeper portions of the lakes, together with 
the degradation of the lake and river coasts, are the changes in 
the relative level of the waters of the lakes, a subject to which 



DIRECTORY. 25 

the attention of our citizens has been more particularly called, 
within the past two years. 

The great interest which this subject possesses, in connection 
with our lake harbors, as well as with those agricultural inter- 
ests, situated upon the flat lands bordering the lakes and rivers, 
may be a sufficient apology for the introduction in this report, of 
the accompanying facts and reflections upon the subject. An ac- 
curate and satisfactory determination of the total rise and fall of 
the waters of the lakes, is a subject, the importance of which, in 
connection with some of our works of internal improvement, and 
harbors, can at this time scarcely be appreciated. 

Much confusion is conceived to have arisen in the minds of a 
portion of our citizens, in consequence of a confounding of the 
regular annual rise and fall to which the waters of the lakes are 
subject, with that apparently irregular elevation and subsidence 
which only appears to be completed in a series of years — changes 
that are conceived to depend upon causes so widely different that 
while the one can be calculated with almost the same certainty 
as the return of the seasons, the other can by no means be calcu- 
lated with any degree of certainty. 

It is well known to those who have been accustomed to notice 
the relative height of the water of the lakes, that during the 
winter season, while the flow of water from the small streams is 
either partially or wholly checked by ice, and while the springs 
fail to discharge their accustomed quantity, the water of the 
lakes is invariably low. 

As the spring season advances, the snow that had fallen during 
the winter is changed to water; the springs receive their accus- 
tomed supply, and the small streams are again opened, their banks 
being full in proportion to the amount of snow which may have 
fallen during the winter, added to the rapidity with which it has 
been melted. 

The water of the Iakes,in consequence of this suddenly increased 
quantity received from the immense number of tributaries, com- 
mences rising with the first opening of spring, and usually attains 
its greatest elevation, (at least in the upper lakes,) sometime in 
3 



26 DETROIT 

the month of June or July. As the seasons advance, or during 
the summer and a large portion of the autumnal months, evapo- 
ration is increased, and the amount of water discharged by the 
streams lessened, in consequence of which, the water of the lakes 
falls very gradually, until winter again sets in, when a still greater 
depression takes place, from the renewed operation of the causes 
already mentioned. 

The extreme variation in the height of water from winter to 
summer is subject to considerable change, according as the win- 
ter may vary from cold and dry to warm and wet; but during the 
past eight years it may be estimated at two feet. This annunl 
rise and fall of the water of the lakes, dependant as it manifestly 
is, upon causes which are somewhat uniform in their operation, 
must not be confounded with that elevation and depression to 
which the waters are subject, independent of causes connected 
with the seasons of the year. These latter changes, which take 
place more gradually, sometimes undergoing but little variation 
for a series of years, are least liable to be noticed, unless they bo 
very considerable; but with respect to consequences, they are of 
vastly more importance, since they are subject to a larger and 
more permanent range. 

That the waters of the lakes, from the earliest settlement of 
the country, have been subject to considerable variation in rela- 
tive height, is well known. At one time, the belief was very 
general that these changes took place at regular intervals, rising 
for a space of seven years and subsiding for a similar length of 
time — a belief which would appear to be in consonance with that 
of the Indians upon the peninsula, and with whom it no doubt 
originated. It is not wonderful that a subject, the causes of 
which are so little comprehended by our natives, should be in- 
vested with an air of mystery, or that an error once propagated, 
(in consequence of the long series of years required to bring 
^bout any considerable change,) could scarcely be eradicated. 

While the idea of the septennial rise and fall must be regarded 
aS: founded in error, it is nevertheless true that from the earliest 
tecQvda the height of the lakes has been subject to a considerable. 



DIRECTORY. 



sV 



variation, usually rising very gradually and irregularly for a scries 
of years, and after this, falling in a like manner. 

Our old inhabitants agree in stating that the waters were high 
from 1800 to 1802, in proof of which, it is stated that the roads, 
which had before been in use upon the banks of the Detroit river, 
were so completely inundated as to be rendered impassable. A 
Eimilar circumstance is related to have occurred in the vicinity of 
Chicago — a broad sandy beach, forming the immediate shore of 
the lake near that place, having been wholly overflowed. 

I have been unable to obtain authentic information respecting 
the changes which took place between the years just mentioned 
and 1314; but from the latter year to the present time, we have 
a more connected series of facts relating to the subject. 

Dr. Houghton extracts the following from the personal obser- 
vations of Col. Henry Whiting, U. S. army, many years resident 
in the city of Detroit: "It is now a matter of record that in 
1814 and 1815 the Detroit and St. Clair rivers were unusually 
Ligh; that the foundations of the houses, and much land that had 
long been under dry cultivation, were submerged. These 'build- 
ings had been erected many years before, and of course under the 
belief that they v/ere aloof irom all but extraordinary and tempo- 
rary inundations. No observations appear to have been made 
upon the progress of the elevation — whether it were gradual or 
abrupt, or whether there were any preceding seasons of a char- 
acter to produce it. 

In 1320, or about that time, the rivers had resumed their usual 
level. Several wharves were built at Detroit between that year 
and 1828, at a height, as was supposed, sufficiently above the 
general level for all purposes of convenience and safety. At the 
latter date, the rivers had again attained the elevation of 1815, 
and remained so until 1830, with only such occasional depressions 
as might be caused by strong winds, being nearly upon a level 
with the wharves." 

From 1830, when my attention was first drawn to this subject, 
to the present year, I have been enabled to make a somewhfat 
connected series of observations, under circumstances peculiarly 



28 DETROIT 

favorable, having, during that time, followed the complete line of 
coast from the foot of Lake Huron to the head of Lake Superior 
by canoe, and having traversed portions of the coast several times, 
thus being enabled to renew observations at points where they 
had been previously made. During the time of these examina- 
tions, I have been enabled to fix with a considerable degree of 
certainty, upon the height at which the waters of the lakes stood 
in 1819 and 20, when they were at their lowest level, a step 
which was conceived to be one of the first necessary in deter- 
mining the complete range between high and low water. 

For the last two years my attention has been more particularly 
called to the coast of Lakes Huron and Michigan, and I feel con- 
fident in asserting that the water of these lakes has, during the 
last year, (1838,) attained a greater elevation than has before 
occurred in a very great number of years — a fact which is con- 
clusively shown by the renewed degradation of banks covered 
with debris that had long remained undisturbed, as well as by the 
great number of forest trees sometimes covering many acres of 
ground that have been destroyed in consequence of. inundation. 
Many of these forest trees may be estimated to have attained an 
age of from one to two centuries. 

In order to arrive as nearly as possible at correct conclusions 
as to the variation in the height of the water of the lakes from 
1820 to 1838, I have carefully compared my own observations 
with those contained in an invaluable register kept in this city by 
Col. Henry Whiting, U. S. army, as also with the valuable data 
contamed in the report of the State Topographer hereto appen- 
ded. It should be noted that the height of the water in Etetroit 
river is much more subjectto fluctuation from slight causes, such 
as the effects of the winds and ice, than in the open lakes; causes 
for the operation of which, it is sometimes difficult if not impos- 
sible to make the proper allowance. In fact, slight causes are 
productive of such changes as to render it absolutely impossible 
to arrive at accurate conclusions, except by simultaneous obser- 
vations made at points widely separated. 



DFRECTORY. 



S9 



Assuming June 1819, and 1820, as zero or the point of low 
water, the following table will not vary very far from an accurate 
statement of the relative height for several of the subsequent 

years . 

I Feet. Ilnches.ll^eet. |fnchci. 



June Itsiy and '^0, 

'* 182-', rise, 

" 1830, same level, 

" ia36, rise 

*' ia37, rise, 

" 183P, rise 



2 


10 




2 


10 






10 


3 




5 


4 




7 


4 



In examining this table of relative heights, it should be borne 
in mind that this estimate does not include the regular yearly va- 
riation, to which the waters of the lakes are subject. The es- 
timates it will be seen, are made from June of each year, or that 
month in which the waters are invariably high, but it is conceiv- 
ed the result would not be varied were the calculations made 
from any other month in the year, provided the same month were 
eelecled for the observations of the succeeding years. Were the 
difference in height computed from February 18£0, to June 1838, 
the total amount would be found to be increased to about six feet 
eight inches, a method of estimating v/hich would lead to con- 
clusions wholly unwarranted: nevertheless the assumption of 
these defective premises may serve to account for the exaggera- 
ted statements which have so often been made, of the increased 
height of these waters. 

This rise of water has by no means been confined to the great 
lakes, for the waters of the small lakes through the whole inte- 
rior portions of the State, have, unless their waters are dischar- 
ged through broad and shallow outlets, been increased in a like 
manner. Small streams, the v^idth of which, at their points of 
intersecting the section lines, were recorded by the U. States* 
Surveyors, in those surveys made from 1820 to 1826, have been 
found in many instances during the past year, to have nearly 
double the width assigned them, and mills have actually been 
erected upon streams which, according to the field notes, taken 
in the years mentioned, must at that tune have been nearly dry. 
It is also well known that within the last few years, (preceding 
8» 



30 DETROIT 

1838) portions of the elevated country which were previously 
dry, have been inundated with water, springs have burst out 
where they had been previously unknown, and that marshes which 
before contained but little water, have been transformed into 
email ponds or lakes. 

These changes have not been peculiar to Michigan, for they 
have been noticed more or less over the whole western part of 
the United States, and perhaps it may not be too much to add, 
over most of the northern part of the continent, and they are 
changes which from the immense extent aflected, must depend 
upon causes which have operated in a very general manner. 

It is vv'ell known that the water of all streams, during the oc- 
currence of a wet and cold season, when the fall of rain is in- 
creased, and evaporation diminished, is augmented, and that the 
augmentation or diminution will be in proportion as these causes 
are in more or less active operation. Our great chain of inland 
lakes, so far as these causes may be supposed to operate, may be 
regarded as a stream of great width, and must necessarily be 
liable to be affected by similar causes,, although when the great 
extent occupied by these bodies of water is taken into considera- 
tion, it can be readily understood why these causes when once 
brought into operation, would produce their results more slowly, 
as well as why the results once produced, would be of a more 
permanent character. 

That the changes in the relative height of the waters of the 
lakes may be dependant upon the operation of a similar series of 
general causes, operating for a succession of years, I have many 
reasqns for inferring. The succession of cold and wet seasons 
immediately precedins; 1838, have been proverbial over the whole 
western country, and the unfavorable influence which these wet 
seasons have produced, more particularly upon the farming in- 
terests situated upon low and flat lands, has been severely 
felt by that portion of our agricultural community. While these 
facts may be apparent to all, it is nevertheless desirable to refer 
to the subject in a more definite manner, a task which is rendered 
somewhat difficult for the reason that, until the last few years, 



DIRECTORY. 31 

continuous tables indicating the amount of rain which has fallen, 
have only been kept at a very limited number of places in the 
United States. 

The total amount of rain which fell at Philadelphia, (as shown 
by a register chiefly kept at the Pennsylvania Hospital,) from 
1810 to 1814 inclusive, or during- the five years immediately pre- 
ceding- the high water of 1814 and '15, was 135,68 inches, anj 
the amount which fell at the same place from 1815 to 1819, the 
five years immediately preceding the low water of 1319 and '20, 
was 151,14 inches, showing an excess of 34,53 inches, or a frac- 
tion over two feet and ten and a half inches fur the years imme- 
diately preceding the stage of high water. 

The amount of ram which fell at Philadelphia, as deduced from 
the same table, from 1316 to 1826, inclusive, was 364,43 inches, 
and from 1827 to ia37 inclusive, 451,05 inches^ being an increase 
in the last 11 years of 86,6£ inches, or a fraction over 7 feet 2^ 
inches. 

The amount of rain which fell at Marietta, Ohio, (as deduced 
from the tables of Dr. Hildreth,) from 1819 to 1823 inclusive, 
was 202,33 inches, and from 182a to 1832 inclusive, was 228,17 
inches, showing an increase during the last 5 years estimated 
of 25,34 inches, or a fraction over 2 feet 1| inches. 

That there has beei> a corresponding increase in the amount of 
rain that has fallen within the area of the great lake basin, I am 
not able to show by actual data; but the known increased size of 
the numerous tributaries, together with the other facts mentioned, 
will go far to substantiate the opinion that the fall of rain over 
that area has been greatly increased during that time. 

According to the estimate of the State Topographer it appears 
that the basin of the great north-western lakes has a superficial 
area nearly four times larger than that of the lakes themselves. 
Now, if we may be allowed to assume that the increase of the 
amount of rain which has fallen into this basin during the last 11 
of the 14 years estimated, be equal to the increase at Philadelphia 
during that time, it would follow that, had all sources of dis- 
charge been cut off, this cause al^one would have been sufficient 



S2 DETROIT 

to elevate the waters of the lakes about 29 feet* — an elevation 
more than six times greater than that which is estimated to have 
taken place. 

When we take into consideration, in connection with the causes 
already enumerated, the fact that during the wet years evapora- 
tion must have been less than during the dry ones, it may fairly 
be presumed that sufficient apparent causes have existed to pro- 
duce all the results which have been noticed; and we may add, 
ehould a succession of dry and warm seasons follow, we may look 
with certainty for a return of the water of the lakes to its former 
low level. 

SOILS. 

The following is extracted from a report of Bela Hubbard, Esq., 
to the Geological Department, under date of Jan. 12, 1840: 

" More than one hundred varieties of soils for future analysi?, 
and specimens illustrative of all the rocks, have been added to the 
JState Cabinet." With such a variety of soils, it is presumed 
there will be found no difficulty in Michigan in meeting the wants 
of agriculturists, whatever may be their predilection in favor of 
the different kinds. In regard to some of the soils, which, at a 
cursory glance, may have a sterile appearance, we find it re- 
marked in the report last alluded to: " Many of these soils have 
the appearance of barrenness, which, from the salts contained, 
are, nevertheless, eminently fertile, and unrivalled for the produc- 
tion of the grains most important to man." 

SCENERY. 
The following description of the scenery of our beautiful pen- 
insula, is from the pen of the same gentleman from whose reports 
the foregoing extracts were made, Bela Hubbard, Esq.: " The 
Btern rules of science may seem to compel the Geologist to take 
little note of the merely picturesque features of the landscape; 
yet, called as he is to view them in their wildest character, he 

* It is not. of course, spuposed that had the sources of discharge been cut off 
this would have been the actual result, for the estimate is made without any re- 
ference to the increased evaporation, and other causes, which would have been 
brought into uctioo iu consequence of the extended area. 



DIRECTORV. 33 

cannot be altogether insensible to the grandeur and majesty, or 
the variety and bloom of nature. The sublime mountainous 
scenery of the eastern States has been often and justly dwelt 
upon with admiration by both the Geologist and the traveller. 
Little of the peninsula scenery partakes of the grandeur of primi- 
tive and more broken districts: but none can fail to notice one 
superior charm which more than compensates, in the eyes of 
those who are content to overlook the romantic aspect of the 
land, for the consideration of its solid bounties. To the culliva- 
ter of the soil, every consideration which its picturesque character 
presents, will yield before the more practical one of its fertility. 

But few could have traversed the varied portions of our State, 
and compare their rich scenery with that of more eastern lands, 
with any feeling of disappointment. The ordinary character of 
the "openings" is that of a maiestic orchard of stately oaks, 
which is frequently varied by small prairies, grassy lawns and 
clear lakes. These magnificent groves were, until within a few 
years kept free from under-brush by the passage through them of 
annual fires, allowing successive growths of herbage to spring up 
luxuriantly, covering the surface with a profusion of wild flowers 
and verdure. 

The variety so essential in a landscape of woodland, glade and 
sheets of water are here combined in a manner which seems the 
result of art, but which is not less truly inimitable. It is diffi- 
cult to resist the impression that we are surveying an old abode 
of civilization and of tasteful husbandry. It resembles those ex- 
quisite pictures of Park scenery, where the vision roams at will 
among clumps of lofty oaks and over open glades gemmed with 
flowers, while the distant woodland bounds the horizon, and the 
velvet-skirted lake gleams upon the eye as it reflects the light 
from the open prairie, or is faintly visible from the bosom of the 
glen, reposing in silent loneliness. 

Such scenes, it is true, are destitute of the rough majesty of 
mountain aspects, but they have that all-pervading tranquil beauty 
which forsakes the lofty hill side and the heavy cliff". They pre- 
sent nature in her simple loveliness, without her stern aspect and 



34 DETROIT 

masculine attire. She has bestowed her blessing upon the land, 
and spread over it her robes of beauty.- 

The limits of an annual report prevent more than this very 
meagre notice of some of the characteristics of our peninsula 

scenery." 

FUTURE PROSPECTS OP THE PENINSULA. 

At the conclusion of the report of S. W. Higgins, Esq., from 
which copious extracts have already been made, he remarks in 
reference to the future prospects of the peninsula as follows: — 
*'lt would not be difficult from its topographical features to pre- 
dict the future condition and prospects of the peninsula. It is 
conceded that most of the soil is peculiarly adapted to the pro- 
duction of wheat and other grains. 

No district will ever be exclusively manufacturing, even though 
the coal in the central counties will in time be an article of com- 
mon use. 

The necessity which compels the erection of manufacturing 
CRtablishments, propelled by steam elsev/here, is the want of 
hydraulic power; no such necessity exists throughout our whole 
penmsula; were it otherwise, and a resort be had to steam, the 
coal region will furnish an abundant supply for all purposes which 
any other State can boast. Hence it is, that so common are the 
facilities for the erection of mills on our streams, that there are 
no less than 836 for flouring and sawing in 13 counties; Oakland 
and Lenawee each have 51, and Washtenaw 58. 

With equal facilities for making lumber, the pine of the north 
has already become an article of export from our shores. 

Already such is the puisuit after the wealth which lies stored 
up within the lakes, that public attention is turned to the estab- 
lishment of extensive fisheries on their distant shores and islands, 
and it will require but a few years for the development of this 
field of enterprize, and realization of its lucrative returns. 

Michigan is"a maritime State, having the advantages of the 
commerce of immense inland seas on every side. Add to this 
the agricultural resources of which she is capable, and within the 



dihectory. 35 

last iew years has given an earnest, in her interior lakes and 
rivers — her resources in lumber and minerals — and an estimate 
may be formed of her future prospects and wealth, in the exporta- 
tion of her products, the establishment of manufactories, in lines 
of internal improvement, and in the independence of her citisens." 

In looking over the tables attached to the United States census 
for 1840, we find an earnest of the capability of the agricultural 
resources of Michigan. In that year it is stated Michigan raised 
2,157,108 bushels wheat, £,277,'039 bushels of corn, and 2,209,- 
£05 of potatoes — while Illinois with more than double the popu- 
lation raised but l,S35jS93bushelsof wheat, 2,025,520 of potatoes. 

Whether this disparity in the agricultural resources of two 
neighboring States be ascribed to the difference of the respective 
soils, or the superiority of one mode of husbandry over the other, 
or to any assignable cause whatever, we do not fear Michigan 
will suffer much in the comparison. 

COPPER MINES OP LAKE SUPERIOR. 

Among the sources of wealth to be found in Michigan, the last 
to be noticed, though by no means the least in importance, is the 
Copper Mines of Lake Superior. The discoveries already made, 
according to the accounts published by persons engaged in the 
work, have far exceeded the expectations of the most sanguine; 
and whatever measure of success may attend some of the Com- 
panies embarked in this enterprise, it appears to have been proved 
beyond all doubt that in the vicinity of Lake Superior there lie 
hid mineral treasures, perhaps inexhaustible. Some idea may bo 
formed of the immense value of some of these " diggings" from 
a statement published by Prof. Jackson, who states, among other 
things, that " in v>?orking one single exploration shaft at the Ea- 
gle river mine, the metalic contents brought out by hand are 
worth $30,000!" and that "the deeper they go, the richer the 
mineral is." 



HISTORY OF DETROIT. 



Detrot Cjty and Port of Entry, Wayne county, and Capi- 
tal of the State of Michigan, is situated on the west bank of the 
river Detroit, 18 miles above Lake Erie, 7 miles below the outlet 
of Lake St. Clair, 302 VV. from Buffalo, and 545 from Washing- 
ton, Lat. 42 degrees 19 minutes, 53 seconds, North, and Long, 
west, 82 degrees, 53 seconds, or from Washington west, 5 deg. 
5G min. 12 seconds. DifTerence in time from Washington, 23 
min. 44 sec. New York City, 34 min. 48 seconds. 

The site of the city is an elevation of about thirty feet above 
the level of the river. The plan of the town, upon the river and 
for 1200 feet back is rectangular, the streets are from 50 to 200 
feet wide. Four roads constructed by the general government, 
terminate in the centre of the city ; the Chicago, leading to Illi- 
nois; the Saginaw, to the head of Saginaw bay : the Fort Gra- 
tiot, to the foot of Lake Huron, and the Grand River, to Lake 
Michigan at the mouth of Grand River. There is, also, a Uni- 
ted States road leading from Detroit to Ohio. 

Detroit River is about 25 miles long ; average breadth, 1 1-10 
mile ; average depth, six fathoms ; current, two miles an hour. 

The climate of Detroit is temperate ; snow falls at from six to 
eighteen inches deep, and never remains more than a few weeks. 
The transition from the cold of spring to the heat of summer is 
rapid ; from summer to winter gradual and prolonged. As gen- 
eral characteristics, the spring is wet and prolonged ; summer 
dry: autumn mild ; winter cold and dry. The average tempera- 
ture in the spring is 50 Fahrenheit ; summer, 80 ; winter, 20 ; 
autumn, 60 to 65. 

" The history of Detroit," it has been observed " is the history 
of the north-west. Three sovereigns have swayed it — five times 



DIRECTORY. 37 

its flag has changed hands; it has been twice captured in war, 
and once burned to the ground. It dates back to the landing ot 
the Pilgrims, and was then a stopping place for the Courriers du 
Bois. Its legitimate settlement, however, was in 1701. Fort 
Gratiot and the Sault Ste Marie had been previously located. — 
This whole region, from its first discovery until 1762, was under 
the dominion of France, to which it was bound by a chain of 
forts, stretching from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Mi ;■ i^^-ippi 
river. With the victory of Wolf, and the fall of Quebvc^ these 
forts passed into the possession of Great Britain, by whom a por- 
tion of them were surrendered to the United States, agreeably to 
the capitulation of Montreal. During the French wars, they 
served as rallying points to those numerous bands of savage?^ 
which hung like the scythe of death upon our colonial frontiers. 
During the revolution they served a like purpose, but to a differ- 
ent people. Here, again, in 1312, the meteor flag of Britain 
waved over, and invoked to its support, the untutored sons of the 
forest. In 1787, the North-west Territory was established, 
agreeably to the provisions of an ordinance drawn for that pur- 
pose, by Nathan Dane, of Beverly, Massachusetts, according to 
which, not more than five, nor less than three States, were to be 
carved out of it. Four have already been admitted into the Union 
— Wisconsin alone remains. Arthur St. Clair was appointed its 
first Governor. Michigan, by the territorial division, consisted 
of a single county, and was entitled to but one representative in 
the territorial Legislature, at Chillicothe, 

In 1805, Michigan was erected into a territory, and William 
Hull appointed Governor. He held the ofGce until the war, when 
he surrendered it, along with the whole west, into the hands of 
the enemy. Subsequently to the war. Gen. Cass was appointed 
Governor, and continued to fulfill the duties of the office until 
1831, when he was taken into Gen. Jackson's cabinet. He was 
succeeded by Mr. Porter, of Pennsylvania. In 1837, the Terri- 
tory was admitted into the Union as a State, and Stevens Thomp- 
son M ason was elected its first Governor, before he was 25 years 
of age. 

4 



38 DETROIT 

The above is a chronological history of this region. It has 
been the theatre of some of the most disgraceful, as well as the 
most brilliant, exploits recorded in our annals. Fire has scathed 
it — the tomahawk, scalping knife, and war club have been let 
loose upon it. It has been the scene of one disgraceful surren- 
der, of more than fifty pitched battles, and twelve horrid massa- 
cres. Here, three powerful Indian confederacies have been formed 
and broken. Here, that daring warrior, Pontiac, entered upon 
Ihe bold plan of driving every white man over the Alleghanies. 
In the gloomy recesses of a mind " of such things," he conceived 
a plan of death, as brief in its details as it was terrible in its exe- 
cution. It was no more nor less than to attack, simultaneously, 
thirteen well garrisoned forts, stretching from Niagara and Pitts- 
burgh, all along the lakes, to the Mississippi, and along the river 
Wabash . So secret were his plans, and so prompt was he in 
their execution, that ten of these forts fell in a single day, and 
their inmates were massacred. Here Tecumseh "rose, and 
reigned and fell." VVe feel a glow of admiration at the mention 
of this magnanimous chief. Participating, against ns, in all the 
conflicts, from the defeat of Harmar to the battle of the Thames, 
where he lost his life, there is no spot or blemish on his honor or 
humanity. He applied the most approbrious epithets to Gen. 
Proctor, for his cruelty at the River Raisin; and when that Gene- 
ral sought to make Tecumseh a Brigadier General in the British 
service, he threw back the insignia of office with contempt, de- 
claring that he was their ally only for the good of his country.- 
An humble Shawnee, by original and native force, he acquired an 
ascendency over the wild and tumultuous tribes scattered for 
1,000 miles in the wilderness, and taught freedom from all re- 
straint by their ancestors, only equalled by the sway which 
Napoleon, in his palmiest days, exercised over the enkindled and 
blazing minds of Frenchmen. Like that mighty warrior, he 
stamped his impress upon the age in which he lived, and forced, 
for a time, the affairs of a whole people to run the devious chan- 
nel of individual fortune. Had he fallen upon our soil, bitter 
enemy as he was, the spot where he fell would not have remained 



DIRECTORY. ?9 

for more than thirty years unmarked, and known only as the 
place where Tecumseh fought and died, and the last hope of the 
Indian race was cloven down. 

With every natural facility of becoming a place of importance, 
the condition of Detroit, for many years, depended on the preca- 
rious support afforded by the fur trade, the disbursements of pub- 
lic moneys, while a military post, and the liberal appropriations 
by government for public objects. The impulse and effect pro- 
duced by the settlement and cultivation of the surrounding 
country, was wanting-. This, though recent in Michigan, is now 
commenced, and is rapidly increasing. The causes of prosperity, 
now in action, their results, we show here, as they have recently 
been manifested elsewhere. 

The old town of Detroit occupied a site below or west of the 
centre of the present town; it was built entirely of wood, the 
streets were narrow, being economised to diminish the circuit 
of the stockade, by which it was secured. In June, 1805, the 
town was almost entirely consumed by fire. Shortly after this 
catastrophe, an act of Congress was passed directing the Gover- 
nor and Judges, then exercising legislative powers, to lay out a 
new town, including the site of the one destroyed and ten thou- 
sand acres of adjacent land. The act directs that a lot should 
be granted to every owner or occupant of a house in the old tov.'n, 
and the proceeds of the remainder applied to the erection of a 
court house and jail. It is from this fund, thus accruing, that the 
present public buildings have been erected in this city. The 
trust arising under the act, it is believed, is not yet closed. The 
destruction of the old town was fortunate that it led to the adop- 
tion of a plan, better adapted to a city, such as Detroit is no 
doubt destined to become. 

The city of Detroit was incorporated by an act, passed by the 
Governor and Judges, on the 4th day of October, 1815. By this 
act the municipal authority was invested in five trustees, a secre- 
tary, an assessor, a collector and a city marshal, who were to bo 
chosen on the first day in May, annually, by the freeholders or 
householders of the city paying an annual rent of forty dollars, 



40 DETROIT 

and such other persons, who should be admitted to the freedom 
of the corporation, by a majority of the electors at their annual 
meeting. 

This act of incorporation was supersedied in 1824, by a new 
charter from the legislative council; and which has since under- 
gone so many amendments that but few, if any, of its original 
provisions remain. The charter election is now held on the first 
Monday of March. No property qualification is required to con- 
stitute a " freeman" of the city. 

The following statistics of expenditures of the city of Detroit, 
for ten years, ending March, 1845, with the accompanying re- 
marks, have been published during the past year, a copy of which 
it has been thought would be interesting to the subscribers of 
the Directory: 

CITY OF DETROIT. 

Improvements and Expenditures. 
The question is often asked, what have we to show for our city 
debt of ^276,481 52? We have, it is true, no stately public 
buildings, no ornamental public parks or pleasure grounds; our 
streets are unpaved, and altogether there is very little public 
property of value that strikes the stranger's eye. Still there is 
much of public improvement in and about Detroit that has cost 
large sums, and if we were deprived of it but for one day, we- 
should pronounce ^' worth what it cost.^^ A friend who furnished 
the statistics of expenditures which we append, remarks, there 
has been a vast deal of subterranean improvement — regular bona 
lid6 pipe laying done in Detroit. In addition to fifteen miles of 
water pipes used in connection with the Hydraulic works our 
city has constructed, miles of stone, brick and plank sewers. 
The grand sewer alone, was a work of great cost. It is con- 
structed of stone side-walls 18 inches thick, with a brick arch of 
two feet spring — the bottom paved with hard burnt brick. It is 
four feet six inches wide and five feet high in the clear — the 
average depth of excavation being ten feet. It extends from the 
line of Beaubien street along the low central grounds of the city, 
and empties into the river just above Mr. Newberry's warehouse. 



DIRECTORY. 41 

Along the almost indentical track of this sewer, there was for- 
merly a considerable creek called "Savoyard River," bordered by 
low marshy grounds separating the high ridge upon which the 
old town was built from the high grounds along the brow of 
■which runs at present, Fort street. It discharged itself into the 
Detroit river near the lower line of the Cass farm, where can 
now be seen, beneath an old stone bridge, all that remains of the 
ancient Savoyard. The comfort, convenience and health of the 
city required its removal, and the drainage of the whole city made 
necessary the construction of the grand sewer. Connected with 
this is a wooden sewer extending from its junction with the grand 
sewer at Beaubien street, up to Hastings street, a distance of 
about 1,100 feet ; lateral sewers of brick have been built in most 
of the streets crossing the grand sewer, and in the principal 
streets south of Jefferson Avenue — the last draining directly into 
the river. The cost of these subterranean improvements will 
be seen in the statement of expenditures hereto annexed. 

Besides the Hydraulics and the public sewers, Detroit can point 
to several substantial public buildings — the City Hall, Firemen's 
Hall, Markets, and to the material and apparatus of a good and 
efficient tire department. And yet we do not point to these to 
prove that there has not been much carelessness and improvidence 
in the administration of our city's finances. The debt was much 
augmented by compound interest, consequent upon the neglect 
to pay the semi-annual coupons, of our bonds from 1840 to 1844, 
and the depreciation of city shinplasters and warrants, forced out 
to save taxation for a series of years, and increasing our annual 
expenses at least one half. That our citizens have paid taxes, 
and done it with a stout heart, the following statement- of expen- 
ditures for the last ten years will abundantly prove. The most 
expensive improvements being completed, and our city constant- 
ly growing in wealth and population, we may henceforth look for- 
ward to diminished burdens. 



42 ' DETROIT 

Expenditures of the City of Detroit for Public Improvements, from March, 
183,). to March. 1845. 

KOa HVUUALLICS. 

Old Hvdraulic Works, $ 34,6.58 00 

New Hydraulic Works, 116,500 00 

FOR SEWERS. 

G rand Sewer, $22,607 9.3 

Bates. Brush, Park and Shelby streets, , 1.55.3 71 

Woodward Avenue , 2,1-39 38 

Hniall Sewers, 7,195 26 

33,496 23 

PUBLIC BUILDIXCiS. 

(JUv Hall Market, $14,747 47 

Berthtlet Market, 8,361 84 

Washington Market, 3,2.35 02 

Firemen's Hall, 3 273 48 . 

-,- ..-.- 29,617 SI 

FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Engines, Houses, Hose and Hook and Ladder carriages, &c> $12,129 81 

City Lampa, , 417 13 

12,.546 94 

Add to the abov« amount of expenditures, the amount of 

bonds issued for interest funded, 39,2)7 52. 

Total expenditure in ten years, $-266,076 :n 

CHURCHES AND RELIGIOUS SOCIETIES. 
There are at present, sixteen churches in Detroit ; four Cath- 
olic, two Episcopalian, one Presbyterian, one Scotch Presbyte-- 
rian, one Congregational, three Methodist, two Baptist, one Ger- 
man Lutheran, and one Sailor's Bethel. 

CATHEDRAL OF ST. ANNE. 

This edificef stands on Larned street, between Bates and Ran-. 
dolph streets. It is built of hammered granite, of an excellent 
quality, and measures 116 feet by 60 feet in the clear. The style 
of the building is Roman Doric, finished in front with two stee- 
ples, ornamented with iron crosses. On the centre of the roof 
is an octagonal dome, 30 ieet high and 80 feet in diameter. The 
orchestra, situate immediately over the front door, contains one 
of the largest organs in the United States. 

Very Reverend P. Kindekens, Vicar General, Pastor. 

CHURGU OF THE HOLY TRINITY^ 

This church which is situate on Michigan Grand avenue, cor- 
ner of B«ites street, is a plain frame building with a steeple, 
measures 80 feet by 40 feet and is found to be too small for its 
present congregation. 

Reverend C. L. Kilroy, Pastor. 



BIRECTORr. 43 

ST, biary's church. 

The church of St, Mary stands on the corner of Crog-han and 
St. Antoine streets. The erection of this building was com- 
menced in 1341, and though not yet completed, it has been used 
for religious worship by the congregation since June, 1843. It 
is intended to finish the building by the addition of a belfrey and 
steeple with the least]possible delay. This edifice is a plain, sub- 
stantial brick building. Its extreme length 1£5 feet by GO feet 
wide. The Sanctuary is £0 feet wide by 25 feet long, octagon 
form J on each side of the sanctuary there is a vestry room, 15 
feet square. The general style of the building is the Roman 
and Ttiscan, and the whole of the interior is finished in the plain- 
est manner. 

Reverend A. K. Kopp, Pastor. 

ST. Peter's church. 
The walls of this massive structure have, during the past year, 
been carried up to their summit, and the building roofed in. It 
stands on an eligible site on the north side of Jefferson avenue, 
abutting on St. Antoine street. The corner stone was laid on 
the £9th day of June 1844, by the Right Rev. P. P. Lefevere, 
Catholic Bishop of Detroit. This edifice is built of brick of a 
superior quality, 160 feet in length by 81 feet wide, and when 
finished with a belfrey and steeple, will present an imposing ap- 
pearance. Erected under the direction of Mr. Francis M. Le- 
tourno, architect. 

PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCHES. 

Saint Paul's Church is situated in Woodward Avenue, between 
Lamed and Congress streets. Its order of architecture is Gothic. 
The body of the building is brick, and measures, exclusive of the 
vestry room, 90 feet by 50 feet. The front is flanked with a 
buttress at each angle, with two regular offsets, crowned and 
ornamented with a spiral roof, triangular caps, crockets and balls. 
The height of the buttress to the top of the spiral roof is 54 feet. 
The front entrance is a Gothic door, handsomely ornamented 
with two columns on each side, which group and meet in the 



44 DETROIT 

centre of the arch above. On each side of the door is a Gothic 
window, ornamented with an architrave trefoil band. The tower 
to the lop of the pinnacles is 115 feet in height, and 18 feet 
square at its base. It is composed of two sections — the first 
finished with a block cornice and battlement ballustrade; and the 
second section finished with a large cove cornice and castelated 
ballustrade. The pinnacles that finish the top of this section 
are two feet and a half square, and twenty-two feet hiffh, crowned 
and ornamented with a spiral roof, triangular caps, crockets and 
balls. The flanks of the building contain five Gothic windows, 
each finished with a pannel ballustrade. The inside contains 
three galleries — the pulpit and orchestra in the rear, and a supe- 
rior organ with four stops. The galleries are supported with 
well finished quatrefoil columns. 

The whole presents an imposing appearance, and reflects much 
credit on the architect. 

Right Rev. S. A. McCoskry, Rector; Rev. Horace Hills, Jr., 
assistant minister. 

Christ Church is situated on the south side of JcfTerson Ave- 
nue, between Hastings and Rivard streets. It is a frame 
building 72 feet by 42 feet, and has ll)een erected during the 
past year. Its style of architecture is similar to St. Paul's 
church, being of the Gothic order. It occupies an eligible site 
in a retired and pleasant part of Jefferson Avenue, with ornamen- 
tal trees planted around. Mr. James Busby, architect. 

Rev. William N. Lyster, Rector. 

FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

This church is situated on Woodward Avenue, at the corner 
of Lamed street. 

Its extreme length is one hundred feet. Length, exclusive of 
the portico, ninety feet. Breadth of the house, 60 feet. 7'he 
general style of the house is Grecian. In front is a pediment, 
supported by six Doric columns, 24 feet in height. The house 
is built of brick, with tw^o side galleries, a spacious orchestra, 
and a large library room in the rear. The number of pews is one 



DIRECTORY. 45 

h, ndred and forty-six. The pulpit, which is an open one, stands 
in the rear, and the orchestra in front. * 

The steeple is one hundred and thirty feetin height, and consists 
of three sections — a base, a belfrey, and a dial section, with a 
spire thirty feet in height. Cost of the house, exclusive of the 
land, S25,000. This edifice is deemed one of the best churches 
in the western states; and Dy those who have seen the inside, 
the beauty and finish of the building have been often noticed. It 
is arched, and the arch is divided into four panels, enclosing a 
quadrangle, which overhangs the centre of the floor. The quad- 
rangle is ornamented with two elegrant centre pieces, from each 
of which is suspended a bronzed chandelier. 

Rev. Dr. Duffield, Pastor. 

SCOTCH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

This church is situate on the corner of Bates and Farmer 
streets. It is a nevv frame building, 71 feet long by 41 wide, 
and was opened, for religious worship, October, 1844. 

Rev. D. Inglis, Pastor. 

CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 

This church is situated on the south side of Jefferson Avenue, 
corner of Beaubien street. It is a neat, substantial brick 
building, 75 feet by 45 feet, ornamented with a steeple. It was 
erected during the past year, and the basement opened for divine 
worship. Erected under the direction of Messrs. Gilbert k Lum, 
architects. 

Rev. H. L. Plammond, Pastor. 

FIRST METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

The First Methodist Episcopal church is situated on Wood- 
ward avenue, corner of Congress street. It is a neat, plain and 
convenient frame building with a basement. 

Reverend Mr. Baughman, Pastor. 

SECOND METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

The Second Methodist Episcopal, or Congress Street church 
is situated on the north side of Congress street, near Rardolph 
street. It is a neat and substantial brick building, 67 feet long 



46 DETROIT 

and 4£ feet wide with walls 27 feet high. It is provided with a 
steeple and belfrey, and is to be furnished with a bell. The build- 
ing was erected during the past year, and the basement opened 
for public worship. Built under the direction of William R. 
Curry, architect. 

Reverend R. Richards, Pastor. 

COLORRD 31. E. CHURCH. 

The colored people, aided by the citizens, have, during the last 
year, erected a neat and substantial brick building, 50 feet by 40 
feet, situated on Lafayette street, between Brush and Beaubien 
streets. It is so far finished that the congregation have used the 
basement for public worship, and a day school is taught therein. 

FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH. 

The First Baptist Church stands on an elevated site at the cor- 
ner of Fort and Griswold streets. It is a plain, substantial! and 
well proportioned brick building, 70 feet in leng-th and 50 feet in 
width, with a steeple and dome of considerable architectural 
beauty. The general style of the building is Ionic. The stee- 
ple is divided into three sections, a base, a belfrey and a dial — the 
first is square, the second is part octagon, suspended on the cor- 
ner by pilasters, recessed back on the sides, and supported by flu- 
ted Ionic columns; and the third is octagon supported by pilas- 
ters. Each section is encompassed by an open balustrade, sup- 
ported by a pedestal on the angles, and capped with a handsome 
urn. The whole is crowned with a magnificent dome, the top of 
which is 100 feet from the ground. Three doors in front form 
the entrance. The interior contains a spacious gallery, a pulpit, 
and 68 pews on the first floor. The pulpit, which is an open one, 
is supported by Ionic columns, having semi-circular stairs, as- 
cending on both sides, and is thrown back into the hall by an 
arched niche, standing between the two doors leading from the 
hall into the church . The ceiling is an eliptic arch, with a lai^e 
sunk panel, in the centre of which there is a. centre (ox suspend- 
ing a chandelier. 

Reverend James Inglis, Pastor. 



DIRECTORY. 47 

COLORED AMERICAN BAPTIST CHURCH. 

This is a neat frame building, standing on Fort street, between 
Beaubien and St. Antoine streets, and was built by the voluntary 
contributions of the citizens generally. The church and congre- 
gation assembling there, by the help of their friends, have sine© 
raised the building and fitted up the basement, where they have 
an excellent day school, under the supervision of the Board of 
Education. 

GERMAN LUTHERAN CHURCH. 

This church is situated on Monroe Avenue, corner of Far- 
rar street. It is a plain wood building, 50 feet long and 35 feet 
wide. Tt was erected by subscription, to which the citizens of 
every denomination liberally and cheerfully contributed. 

Reverend F. Herrmaun, Pastor. 

BETHEL CHURCH. 

Woodhridge street, foot of Wayne street. 

By the liberality and exertions of the friends of the sailor in 
this city, a convenient building situated as above, has been fitted 
up for the purposes of worship, for the use of sailors, either re- 
siding in the city, or visiting our port from time to time. It was 
dedicated to Almighty God on Thursday, April 2, 1846, under 
the most favorable auspices, and is designed to be emphatically 
the "Sailor's Church." The ministers of the diiTerent protest- 
ant denommations took part in the religious services, which were 
peculiarly interesting, and the occasion was one that it is believ- 
ed will not soon be forgotten. The Rev. Geo. Duffield preached 
the sermon from Acts xxvii: 31, " Except these abide in the ship, 
ye cannot be saved." 

The Bethel flag was hoisted, we are informed, for the first time 
in Detroit, on the above occasion, where we trust it will con- 
tinue to wave for all coming time, inviting the wanderer to the 
Bethel Church, which we hope may prove to many a tempest- 
tossed mariner, '' none other but the house of God, and the gate 
of Heaven." 

It is under the pastoral charge of Rev. Mr. Harrison. 



48 DETROIT 

GERMAN EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH. 

A congregation designated as above, meet for public worship 
in the City Hall, for whose use a brick building is now being 
erected on Congress street, corner of Rivard street. 

Reverend John F. Winkler, Pastor. 

DISCIPLES. 

A sniall society of them meet in a school room, near the cor- 
ner of Congress and Randolph streets, opposite the second Me- 
thodist church, every Lord's day. 

PUBLIC BUILDINGS, kc. 

UNITED STATES BUILDING, 

Jefferson Avenue, corner Griswold Street. 

This edifice was erected in 1837, by the late Bank of Michi- 
gan, and bought at auction for the United States, the 12th of 
December, 1842, for the sum of $32,000. 

It is a handsome building, 57 feet by 40 feet square ; the arch- 
itecture is of the chaste Grecian style, the two fronts being com- 
posed of polished stone. 

It has two full stories and a basement. The basement is oc- 
cupied as the Post Office. The main, or first story, is occupied 
as the United States Court Room and Marshal's Office, the sec- . 
end story is occupied as offices for District Judge, Attorney 
Clerk, and a Jury Room. The Court Room is capacious, t^e 
ceiling 17 feet high. 

The building was erected under the direction of Mr. Charles 
Lum, of this city. 

THE STATE HOUSE, 

Was originally built for the District Court of the United States, 
and the Legislative Council of the Territory ; is of brick, and 
measures 90 feet by 60 feet. The general style of this building 
is Ionic. In front is a portico supported by six columns. The 
entablature on the sides is supported by pilasters. The steeple 
is crowned with a dome and is about 140 feet high. The base- 
ment story is divided into offices for the officers of the State gov- 
ernment. The first floor contains the Hall of the House of Re- 



DIRECTORY. 49 

presentatives, Governor's room, library, and office of the Clerk 
of the House of Representatives. On the second floor is the 
Senate Chamber, office of the Clerk of the Senate, and the com- 
mittee rooms of both houses* 

THE STATE BUILDING, 

Griswold Street. 

This edifice, some time known as the Detroit Female Semina- 
ry, now belongs to the State of Michig-an, and is occupied by The 
offices of the Auditor General, State Treasurer, Board of Inter- 
nal improvement, &ic. The Court of Chancery, and the Supreme 
Court, also, hold their Courts in this building. 

It is a plain, substantial brick building, 56 feet in front, by 40 
deep, situated on a rise of ground in Griswold street, in one of 
the pleasantest parts of the city. 

WAYNE COUNTY BUILDING, 

Corner Griswold and Congress Streets. 
This is a new, substantial, two story brick building, 32 feet in 
front, by 80 feet deep, erected in 1844. The first story is occupied 
as offices, by the different county officers, and the second story 
contains a court room, 50 feet long by 30 feet wide, with a jury 
room and grand jury room* The contractors for this building 
were Messrs. Jackson &6 Perry, of this city, 

THE CITY HALL, 

Is a two story brick building with hammered stone basement, 
and is 100 feet long and 50 feet in width. The height of the 
first story is 16 feet, and from the base to the top of the cornice, 
36 feet — on the front of the roof there is a handsome cupola. 
The principal entrance is from the public square. The first sto- 
ry is occupied by the city market and clerk's office — and the sec- 
ond story is a spacious Hall. The building was erected in the 
year 1835, and cost about $20,000. 

firemen's hall. 
Corner of Lamed and Bates Streets. 
This is a neat, substantial, two story brick building, 50 feet by 



50 DETROIT 

30 feet, erected in 1839. The first story is occupied as an engine 
house, by Protection Fire Company, No. 1, where meetings are 
also occasionally held. On the second story is the Common 
Council room and also the City Clerk's ofnce. 
MARKETS. 
There are three Markets, the City Market, on the first floor of 
the City Hall, the Berthelet, at the corner of Randolph and At- 
water streets, and the Washington Market, corner of Wayne 
and Larned streets. The two former only are occupied as Mar- 
kets, at present : these are kept in good order by the Inspector 
of Provisions, and well supplied with every thing that can be de- 
sired, at similar places. There is a great variety of vegetables 
and fruit in season, and also of fish, the latter of which is found 
in great abundance, in the river, all of which are to be had in the 
Fruit Market adjacent, which is now covered in, and enclosed 
with a strong fence. 

WATER. 

The city is supplied with water from the Detroit river by means 
of a hydraulic establishment, erected on Atwater street, in the 
south-east part of the city. These works were so far finished as 
to come into operation in May, 1841. 

The tank, or reservoir, which contains the water, is of cast 
iron, 60 feet diameter, and £0 feet deep, secured with strong iron 
bands, bolts and rivets, enclosed with a frame building, 65 feet 
diameter, 24 feet high, conical roof, and supported by a circular 
brick building, 62 feet diameter, at an elevation of 47 feet from 
jts foundation. This tank is supplied daily by means of a steam 
engine, the pump of which is fixed 7 feet below the surface of 
the river and is found fully adequate to furnish an abundant suj>- 
ply of pure and wholesome water to the whole city. 

Connected with these works, there are laid down 4 miles of 
iron pipe, 10 miles of tamarack logs, and 50 fire plugs, oi hy- 
drants, at an expense to the city, for the whole, of about $120,- 
000. 

The plan of these works was designed by, and executed under 
the direction of Mr. Noah Sutton, of this city. 



DIRECTORY. 51 

PUBLIC OFFICES. 

POST OFFICE, 

Under United States Building, corner of Jefftrson Avenue and 
Bates Street. 

John S. Bagg, Post Master. 

Charles Richmond, Assistant Post Master. 

Morris M. Williams, first Clerk. 

Office open from 7 o'clock A, M. to 8 o'clock P. M. On Sun- 
days, from 8 to 9 A. M. and from 5 to 6 P. M. 

MAILS. 

Mails for the North, East, South and West, in the winter sea- 
son close at 9 o'clock P. M. 

Eastern and Southern mails close in the summer season, one 
hour before the departure of the boats. 

RATES or POSTAGE ON LETTERS. 

Single, or any number of pieces not exceeding half an ounce, 
300 miles or less, five cents. 

Single, if over 300 miles, ten cents. 

Drop letters (not mailed,) two cents. 

For each additional half ounce, or part thereof, add single post- 
age thereto. 

ON NEWSPAPERS. 

Newspapers 1,900 square inches or less, sent by publishers 
from their office of publication any distance not exceeding .30 
miles, free. 

Over 30 and not exceeding 100 miles, one cent. 

Over 100 miles and out of the State, 1^ cents. 

CUSTOM HOUSE. 

Grisivold Street, near Jefferson Avenue, 
Charles G. Hammond, Collector. ) 

Sereno C. Hammond, Deputy Collector. 

UNITED states LAND OFFICE. 

Jefferson Avenue, near ff ales' Hotel. 
Robert A. Forstth, Register. 



■rZ DETROIT 

receiver's office. 
Corner Jefferson Avenue, and Randolph Street. 
Jonathan Kearsley, Receiver. 

OFFICE OF INDIAN AFFAIRS. 

Jefferson Avenue, between Griswold and Shelby Streets, 
William A. Richmond, Acting' Superintendent. 
William S, Lee, Clerk. 

COURTS HELD IN DETROIT AND ELSEWHERE. 

UNITED STATES COURTS. 

circuit court, for the district OF MICHIGAN. 

John McLean, of Ohio, Presiding Judge. 
Ross WiLKiNs, Associate Judge. 

DISTRICT COURT OF THE U. S. FOR THE DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN. 

Ross WiLKiNS, District Judge, 

The. terms of both of the above Courts of this District, com- 
mence at Detroit, on the third Monday of June, and second Mon- 
day of October, in each year. 

John Winder, Clerk of the U. S. District Court, for the Dis- 
trict of Michigan, who bylaw, is also Clerk of the Circuit Court 
of the United States. 

Austin E. Wing, Marshal of the District. 

John Bronson, Crier of the Courts of the United States, 

COURT OF CHANCERT. 

Hon. Randolph Manning, Chancellor. 

William Hale, Register. 

The following is a list of counties composing the different 
Chancery Circuits, with the times and places at which the Chan- 
cellor holds his court: 

First District — Wayne, Macomb, St. Clair, Michilimacinac, 
Chippewa, and counties attached for judicial purposes. 

The Court for the first District, is held at Detroit, the seccnd 
Tuesday in March and third Tuesday in September in each year. 

Second District — Washtenaw, Jackson and Livingston. 

The Court for the second District, is held at Ann Arbor, the 
second Tuesday in January and July, in each year. 



DIRECTORY. 53 

Third District — Si. Joseph, Cass, Berrien, Van Buren, Alle- 
gan, Kalamazoo, Calhoun, Kent, Ionia, and all other counties at- 
tached for judicial purposes. 

The Court for the third District is held at Kalamazoo, on the 
third Tuesday in Januar}^, and the Thursday next after the fourth 
Tuesday in June, in each year. 

Foxirth District — Oakland, Genesee, Saginaw, Lapeer, and 
Sh iawassee. 

The Court for the fourth District is held at Pontiac, the firs^^ 
Tuesday in May, and the Tuesday after the second Monday in 
November, in each year. 

Fifth District — Monroe, Lenawee, Hillsdale and Branch. 

The Court for t he fifth District is held at Adrian on the first 
Tuesday in January, and third Tuesday in June in each year. 

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN. 

Epaphroditu? Ransom, Chief Justice. 
Daniel Goodwin, ^ 

Warner VVino-j > Associate Justices. 

Charles W. Whipple, > 

The terms of this Court are held as follows: 

Detroit, the first Tuesday in January, in each year. 

At Ann Arbor, the last Tuesday in December, in each year. 

At Kalamazoo, the first Tuesday in July, in each year. 

At Pontiac, the third Tuesday in January, in each year. 

CIRCUIT COURTS. 

The State of Michij^an is divided into four Judicial Circuits, in 
each of which, one of the four Judges of the Supreme Court is 
the presiding Judge. 

The following, it is believed, is a correct list of the several 
counties comprised in the respective Judicial Circuits, with the 
names of the Presiding Judges: 

First Judicial Circuit — Hon. Daniel Goodwin, Presiding 
Judge — Wayne, Monroe, St. Clair, Macomb, Lapeer, Michili- 
mackinac and Chippewa. 

Second Judicial OVcuj/— Hon, Warner Wing, Presiding 



54 DETROIT 

Judge — Washtenaw, Lenawee, Hillsdale, Branch, Calhoun, Jack- 
son and Eaton. 

Third Judicial Circuit — Hon. Epaphroditus Ransom, Presi- 
ding Judge — St. Joseph, Cass, Berrien, Van Buren, Kalamazoo, 
Allegan, Barry, Kent, Ottawa and the counties and districts 
respectively attached thereto, for judicial purposes. 

Fourth Judicial Circuit — Hon. Chas. W. Whipple, Presiding 
Judge — Oakland, Genesee, Saginaw, Shiawassee, Livingston, 
Clinton, Ionia, Ingham and ihe counties and districts respectively 
attached thereto, for judicial purposes. 

The following, it is believed, will be found an accurate list of 
the days on which the terms of the Circuit Courts are held in 
the several counties: 

First Judicial Circuit — Macomb, on the first Tuesday of April, 
and the second Tuesday of October in each year. In the county 
of Lapeer, on the first Tuesday of June, and third Tuesday of 
October, in each year. In the county of Monroe, oh the second 
Tuesday of April, and the fourth. Tuesday of October, in each 
year. In the county of St. Clair, on the fourth Tuesday of April, 
and the first Tuesday of October, in each year. In the county 
of Wayne, on the first Tuesday of May, and the second Tuesday 
after the first Monday in November, in each year. In Michilr- 
mackinac on the second Tuesday of February, and the third 
Tuesday of July in each year. And in Chippewa, on the third 
Tuesday of February, and the fourth Tuesday of July, in each 
year. 

Second Judicial Circuit — In Lenawee, on the first Tuesday of 
April and October, in each year. In Hillsdale, on the third 
Tuesday of April and October, in each year. In Branch, on the 
fourth Tuesday of April and October, in each year. In Calhoun, 
on the first Tuesday of May and November, in each year. In 
Jackson on the third Tuesday of May and November, in each 
year. In Washtenaw, on the first Tuesday of June and Decem- 
ber, in each year. In Eaton, on the last Tuesday of September 
and March, in each year. 

Third Judicial Circuit — The terms of this Circuit are held as 
ollows: 



DIRFCTORT. 55 

In the county of Allegan, on the third Tuesday of April, and 
the second Tuesday after the first Monday of November, in each 
year. In the county of Barry, on the second Tuesday of April, 
and the first Thursday after the first Monday of November, in 
each year. In the county of Berrien, on the first Tuesday of 
May and October, in each year. In the county of Cass, on the 
fourth Tuesday of April and September, in each year. In the 
county of Kalamazoo, on the second Monday of June, and the 
fourth Monday of November, in each year. In the county of 
Kent, on the first Monday after the third Tuesday of May and 
October in each year. In the county of Ottawa, on the first 
Thursday after the third Tuesday in May, and the first Thursday 
after the fourth Tuesday of October, in each year. In the coun- 
ty of St. Joseph, on the third Tuesday of March and second 
Tuesday of September, in each year. In the county of Van 
Buren, on the first Tuesday of April, and the third Tuesday after 
the first Monday of November in each year. 

Fourth Judicial Circuit — In the county of Livino-ston, on the 
second Tuesday of April and October, in each year. In the 
county of Ingham, on the third Tuesday of April and October, in 
each year. In the county of Shiawassee, on the first Tuesday 
of May and November, in e«ich year. In the county of Clinton, 
on the second Tuesday of May and November, in each year. In 
the county of Ionia, on the third Tuesday of May and Novem- 
ber in each year. In the county of Genesee, on the second 
Tuesday of March and the fourth Tuesday of August, in each 
year. In the county of Saginaw, on the third Tuesday of March 
and August, in each year. In the county of Oakland, on the 
second Tuesday of June and December, of each year 

DISTRICT COURT, 

Hon. B. F. H. Witherell, Presiding Judge. 

This Court has exclusive jurisdiction in all criminal cases. 

The following counties are comprised within its limits, viz: 
Wayne, Oakland, Washtenaw and Jackson. 

The terms of the Court are held as follows t 

For WayRe coanty, the first Tuesday in March^ June, Sep- 
tember and December. 



56 DETROIT 

For Washtenaw county, the first Tuesday in April and Octo- 
ber. 

For- Jackson county, the third Tuesday in March and Septem- 
ber, 

For Oakland county, the third Tuesday in April and October. 

PROBATE COURT. — WAYxNE COUNTY. 

Cornelius O'Flynn, Judge. 

Court days, every Monday. Court Room, County Buildings, 
corner Congress and Grisvvold streets. 
mayor's court. 

Held by the Mayor, Recorder and Aldermen, or any three of 
them, on the second Monday in every month. Firemen's Hall. 

Robert E. Roberts, Clerk. 

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN AND BRANCHES, 
PRIMARY SCHOOLS, he. 

By an act of Congress, approved May £0, 1326, two townships 
of land, equal to 46,080 acres, were granted to Michigan, for the 
endowment of a University. The Legislature caused these lands 
to be judiciously selected, in different parts of the State, agreea- 
bly to the terms of the grant, m quantities not less than one 
section in one body. By a provision of the constitution of Michi- 
gan, the principal arising from the sale of these lands shall be 
and forever remain a permanent found, the interest thereon to be 
applied for the support of the University and its branches. 

By an organic law of the Legislature, the government of the 
University and branches, is intrusted to twelve Regents, who 
are appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of 
the Senate; and said Board of R,egents are declared a body cor- 
porate. The Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Judges of 
the Supreme Court and Chancellor, are also ex-oificio members 
of the Board of Regents, but are not members of said corpora- 
tion. Several branches of the University have been located, 
from time to time, in different counties, and appropriations made 
in aid of their support. 

University buildings have been erected, upon the site, at Ann 



DIRECTORY. , 57 

Arbor, designated by an act of the Legislature, at a cost of about 
S50,000; additional buildings are contemplated, as soon as the 
finances of the board will warrant the expenditure. The Uni- 
versity was organized September, 1841. 

The number of students in the University, has uniformly 
increased, from year to year, and, (as far as the finances, arising 
from the interest, will admit,) further aid will be extended to 
other branches, which have not been organized, or to those, 
which, although heretofore organized, appropriations have been 
necessarily suspended. 

The course of studies in the University is thorough, and in- 
tended to afford opportunity for a most liberal education. 

No tuition money is charged, beyond an entrance fee of $10, 
for instruction in the University, the liberal appropriation by 
Congress being deemed a fund, the interest of which will defray 
all expenses incident to this department of instruction. 

The flattering condition of this institution, as well as the ex- 
cellent regulations, enacted relative to our common school system, 
affords cause for congratulation to the citizens of our growing 
commonwealth. And while we boast of the unsurpassed beauty 
and fertility of our soil, and natural productions, it will also be 
perceived that the freemen of Michigan are not insensible to the 
greater and more excellent advantages resulting from the culti- 
vation of the mind. The following named gentlemen form the 
Board of Regents, as at present constituted: 

Jonathan Kearsley, Marvin Allen, Edward Mundy, John Owen, 
Alexander H. Redfield, Rev. Geo. Duffield, Rev. Charles C. Tay- 
lor, Elijah H. Pilcher, Hon. Elon Farnsworth, Zina Pitche.r, M. 
D., Hon. Austin E. Wing, Minot T. Lane, 

Eben N. Willcox, Secretary. 

DISTRICT SCHOOLS. 

In the beginning of the year 1842, an act passed the Legisla- 
ture of Michigan, forming the city of Detroit into one school 
district, and providing for the election of twelve school inspec- 
tors, who, together with the Mayor and Recorder of said city, 
(the two latter being declared to be ex-officio school inspectors,) 



58 DETROIT 

were constituted a body corporate, by the name and style of 
" The Board of Education of the City of Detroit." 

The act of the Legislature authorizes the Common Council, 
once in each year, to assess and levy a tax, on all the real and 
personal j)roperty, within said city, not to exceed one dollar, for 
every child between the ages of five and seventeen years, towards 
the support of said schools, to be public and free to all children 
residing within the limits of the city, between the age^ of five 
and seventeen years, inclusive. 

The Board have, at present, twelve public schools, under their 
supervision, located in different parts of the city, which are kept 
open the whole year. 

The greatest number of scholars registered, in the books of the 
several teachers, in actual attendance, during any one quarter of 
1845, was 1,407. 

The total number of children from four to eighteen, according 
to the school census of 1845, is 4,039. 

The amount received from the State School Fund, in 1845, 
was $1,069 88. 

The amount of said tax for 1845, was $3,000. 

ST, VINCf]NT'S SEMINARY. 
Corner oj Lamed and Randolph Streets. 

Besides the Free Schools of the city, supported by law, there 
are upwards of one hundred children instructed daily, in the use- 
ful branches of education, at the above Catholic Seminar}^, taught 
by the Sisters of Charity, not more than 20 or 30 of whom pay 
for their tuition. 

In addition to the Public and Free Schools, there are a num- 
ber of Select Schools established in different parts of the city, 
kept by teachers, whose qualifications are of a high order. 

CENTRAL RAILROAD. 

The above Railroad commenced operation, A. D. 1836, w.ien 
called the Detroit and St. Joseph Railroad, and owned by that 
ompany, but in the year 1837, was transferred to the State of 



DIRECTORY. 59 

, since which ti: 
Railroad. 

Its present western termination is at Kalamazoo, distance 
from Detroit, 146 miles. It is under the direction of the Board 
of Internal Improvement, of which John F. Porter is acting 
Commissioner. 

There is a line of Passenger Cars, each way daily, Sundays 
excepted, from Detroit to Kalamazoo. Fare through, $4 50. 
Leaves Detroit at 8 o'clock A. M. and Kalamazoo 7 o'clok A. M. 

The office of Internal Improvement is in the State building, 
Griswold street. 

PONTIAC AND DETROIT RAILROAD COMPANY. 
G. Williams, President. 

The above Railroad was completed to Pontiac, and opened to 
the public, the 4th of July, 1843. 

The cars leave Detroit daily, Sundays excepted, at 3 o'clock 
A. M. and Pontiac at 1 o'clock P. M. Fare, one dollar each way. 

LIST OF STATE OFFICERS. 

Salaries. 
Alpheus Felch, Governor, $1,500 00 

William L. Greenly, Lieutenant Governor, $6 per 

day during session. 

Digby V. Bell, Auditor General, 1,000 00 

Gideon O. Whittemore, Secretary of State, 1,000 00 

George B. Cooper, State Treasurer, 1,000 00 
John F. Porter, Acting Commissioner of Internal 

Improvement, 1,000 00 
Abiel Silver, Commissioner State Land Office, 1,000 00 
Henry N. Walker, x\ttorney General, 800 00 
Ira Mayhew, Superintendent of Public Instruction. 500 00 
Randolph Manning, Chancellor, 1,500 00 
Epaphroditus Ransom, Chief Justice of the Su- 
preme Court. 1,600 00 
Charles W. Whipple, Associate Justice do 1,500 00 
Daniel Goodwin, do do 1,500 00 
Warner Wing, do do 1,500 GO 



60 DETROIT 

Benjamin F. H. VVitherell, Judge District Court. 1,000 00 
Henry C. Bunce, Recorder State Land Office, 400 00 

John E. Schvvarz, Adjutant General. 
F. H. Harris, Quarter Master General. 

Jonathan Kearsley, i 

Henry Warner, > State Appraisers. 

James J. Godfrey, ) 

Levi Bascom, ) 

Ira C. Backus, ^ Inspectors of State Prison. 

Michael Shoemaker, ) 

Alonzo Ferris, Agent for State Prison. 

Edward V. Cicotte, Inspector of Beef, Pork and Fish. 

• MUNICIPAL OFFICERS. 

John R. Williams, Mayor. 
Edmund A. Brush, Recorder. 

ALDERMEN. 

1st ward— F. Buhl, M. Stevens. 
2d ward — C. R. Desnoyers, W. Duncan. 
Sd ward— B. Wight, Theo. Williams. 
4th ward — C. Moran, N. Greusel, Jr. 
5th ward — B. B. Moore, C. C. Jackson. 
6lh ward — W. Barclay, L. Baldwin. 
City Attorney — W. A. Howard. 
City Clerk-^R. E. Roberts. 
City Treasurer — D. Smart. 

Superintendent Hydraulic Works — James Stewart, office City 
Hall. 
Marshal— J. P. Whiting. 
Engineer— F. M. Wing. 
Street Commissioner — Geo. F. Porter. 
Supervisors of Highways, District No. 1 — 
" " " JYo. £— . 

Director of the Poor — Mason Palmer, office City Hall. 
City Physician — Henry Lemcke. 
City Sexton — Robert Scadin. 
City Surveyor — A. E. Hathon. 



DIRECTORY. t)I 

CLERKS OF MARKETS. 

City Hall^liemy Carroll. 

Berthelet— 

-Sealer of Weights and Measures — John N. McFarlane. 

Inspectors of Wood — J. A. Stephens, S. C. Webster, 

Justices of the Peace — Theodore Williams, William T. Young-, 
Hugh O'Beirne, James B. Watson, F. H. Harris, George Clan- 
cey. 

CONSTABLES. 

1st ward — Peleg O. Whitman. 
2d ward — Joseph McMichael. 
Sd ward — Daniel M. Freeman. 
4th waid — James J. Cicotte. 
5th ward — Grove D. Rodgers. 
6th ward — Bosiel McDonnald. 
, Printer — Alpheus S. Williams. 

FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

President oj the Association — D. Smart. 
Treasurer — F. Buhl. 
Secretary — B. D. Hyde. 
Engineers — James Stewart, Chief. 

W. P. Doty, 1st Assistant. 

David Esdell, 2d " 

WARDENS. 

E. A. Brush, Chief. 

1st ward — J. Hanmer, J. L. Whiting, M. F. Dickinson, Shu- 
bael Conant. 

2d ward— W. T. Patrick, Ellis Roberts, J. Webster, S. Lar- 
ned. 

3d ward—E. V. Cicotte, D. Harbaugh, J. F. Joy. 

4th ward— A. H. Adams, A. T. McReynolds, N. Sutton, Jag- 
Watson. 

5th ward— D. Fisk, H. E. Perry, J. Dean, C. M. Bull. 

6th ward— S. Farnsworth, J» Doty, J. Finehart. 



62 DETROIT 

FIKE COMPANIES 

Protection Fire Company, wYo. 1 — Engine House under Fire- 
men's Hall. 

Eagle Fire Company, A'o. 2 — Engine House, Fort near Gris- 
wold street. 

Ifolveinne Fire Company, Ko. 3 — Engine House, Randolph 
street, near Berthelet Market. 

Lafayette Fire Company, JVo. 4 — Engine House, Wayne, near 
Lamed street. 

PhcBuix Company, A'o. 5 — Engine House, 5th ward. 

Michigan Company, J\'o. 6 — Engine House, 4th ward. 

Hook, Ladder and Axe Company — Firemen's Hall. 

Hurlbnt Hose Company, JVo. 1 — Firemen's Hall. 

Le\Roy Hose Company, JVo. 2, — Corner Fort and Griswold st. 
BANKS. 

Michigan Insurance Company, U. S. Deposit Bank — Jefferson 
Avenue, corner Griswold street, 

John Owen, President; Henry H. Brown, Cashier; Thomas J. 
Hulbert, Assistent Cashier. 

Directors — John Owen, Henry H. Brown, Henry N. Walker, 
John Roberts. 

Walter Ingersoll, Teller; William M. Snow, Book-keeper; 
John Roberts, Clerk. 

Banking Hours— d to 12, A. M., and £ to 4, P. M. 

Farmers^ and Mechanics^ Bank — Jefferson Avenue; established 
in 1829. 

Charles Seymour, President; E. C. Litchfield, Cashier. 

Michigan State Bank — Jefferson Avenue. 

C. C. Trowbridge, President; A. H. Adams, Cashier. 
ASSOCIATIONS AND INSTITUTIONS. 

DETROIT CITY TEMPERANCE SOCIETI. 

This Society was organized in July, 1840; its pledge is total 
abstinence from all that can intoxicate. Its annual meeting, for 
the election of officers, is held on the second Tuesday of Februa- 
ry, in each year. All other meetings are held at the call of the 
executive committee. Its officers are a President, two Vice 



DIRECTORY. 63 

Presidents, a Secretary and Treasurer, who discharge the duties 
usually devolving on those officers, and are the executive com- 
mittee of the society. 

W. A. Howard, President; E. C. Walker, Secretary. 

THE DETROIT TOUING MEn's SOCIETY, 

For the purposes of Moral and Intellectual improvement, char- 
tered by an act of the Leg-islature, March, 1836. 

Bela Hubbard, President; Jas. V. Campbell, Vice President; 
D. Bethune Duffield, Corresponding Secretary; Edw. C. Walker, 
Recording Secretary; Thos. H. Hartweli, Treasurer; Wra. Ray- 
mond, Auditor. 

Manage rs—Ehen N. Willcox, Witter J. Baxter, Wm. A. 
Howard, Samuel Barstow," Henry N. Walker, Levi B. Taft, John 
I. Herrick. 

The annual meeting of the Society, for the election of officers, 
is held on the first Monday in July. There are, also, regular 
meetings, on every Thursday evening, during the winter, which 
are occupied, alternately, with lectures and debates. There is 
a library belonging to the Society, and open to its members and 
such others as are approved by the Board of Directors, under the 
standing rules. The meetings are now held in the Presbyterian 
Session room, but it is in contemplation to erect a suitable build- 
ing, at an early day. 

THE mechanics' SOCIETY OF THE CITY OF DETROIT. 

Incorporated by an act passed by the Governor and Judges of 
the Territory of Michigan, A. D. 1820. 

Officers. — Solomon Davis, President; Charles Byram, Vice 
President; Chauncy Hurlbut, Treasurer; John Farrar, Secretary 
and Collector; John Farrar, Librarian. 

The following extract from the Preamble to the Constitution 
will explain the object and character of the Society: 

"Regarding the virtue and intelligence of a community as the 
only sure basis of its prosperity, and believing that harmony of 
sentiment, and charity to the unfortunate, are necessary to its 
happiness — believing, also, that our united exertions are requisite 
to preserve proper standing in society, and oppose the progress 
of vicious principles and individual misconduct, we kc. kc." 



S4 DETROIT 

The Society numbers at present about forty-five members. It 
is stated to be in a prosperous condition, with an income exceed- 
ing 300 dollars per annum, and a good library of nearly 600 vol- 
umes. 

The Librarian attends every Saturday evening at the Society's 
room in the Mechanics' Hall. 

INDEPENDENT ORDER OF ODD FELLOWS. 

Michigan Lodge, JVo. 1. — Meetings every Monday. 

ffayne Lodge, JVo. £. — Meetings every Friday. 

Wa-we-a-tonong, JVo. 12. — Meetings every Saturday. 

JYIichigan Encampment, JVo. 1. — Meetings second and fourth 
Thursdays in the month. 

Grand T^odge of the State of J\Iichigan. — Quarterly meetings 
second Wednesdays in July, October, January and April. 

It is intended to erect a Hall on a lot owned by the Associa- 
tion on the west side of Woodward Avenue during the present 
year. 

THE DETROIT TRACT ASSOCIATfON. 

A society entitled as above, composed of members from the 
different Protestant churches in the city, was organized in the 
Presbyterian Session Room January 12, 1846, the nature and 
object of which is explained in the first article of the constitu- 
tion, which was then adopted, and which is as follows: 

"Article 1. This Society shall be called the Detroit Tract 
Association, the object of which shall be to distribute gratuitously 
every month in all the families in the city, willing to receive it» 
some publications of the American Tract Society, or some other 
tract, prepared in accordance with the general principles of the 
American Tract Society." 

The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: 

President — Rev. George Duffield. 

Vice President — Rev. James Inglis. 

General Superintendent — Horace Hal'ock. 

Ward Superintendents — 1st ward, John Hulbert; 2d ward, 
Charles M. Howard; 3d ward, David French; 4th ward, Rosa 
Wilkins; 5th ward, Thomas Rowland; 6th ward, J. D. Baldwin. 



DIRECTORY. 65 

tSecreiary — Francis Raymond. 
Treasurer — Alexander McFarren. 

BRADY GUARDS. 

This uniform company was organized April 13, 1836, and em- 
braces some of the most respectable youn^ men of the* city, 
professional, mercantile and mechanical. Its constitution differs 
from uniform companies generally; the corps owning the uni- 
forms, and each member receiving the appraised value of the 
uniform and equipments when he leaves the company. 

Officers. — Alpheus S. Williams, Captain; Henry Doty, 1st 
Lieutenant; Benjamin G. Stimson, ild Lieutenant; George Doty, 
Sd Lieutenant; O. S. Allen, 1st Sergeant; B. B. Moore, 2d 
Sergeant; J. E. King, 3d Sergeant; George Davie, 4th Ser- 
geant; Barney Campau, 1st Corporal; Lemuel Watkins, £d Cor- 
poral; M. L. Gage, 3d Corporal; Alexander K. Howard, 4th 
Corporal; James W. Sutton, color Sergeant. 

LAFAYETTE GUARDS. 

This company was organized the 4th of July, 1S42, and num- 
bers about 56 members. 

Officers. — L. D. Clairoux, Captain; S.Bouchard, 1st Lieu- 
tenant ; J.J. Cicotte, 2d Lieutenant ; E. Bouie, 3d Lieutenant; 
John Montriul, Sergeant. 

SCOTT GUARDS. 

This company was organized the 11th October, 1341, and num- 
bers about 110 members. 

Officers. — John V. Ruehle Jr., Major ; Nicholas Greusel Jr., 
Captain ; Frederick Ruehle, 1st Lieutenant ; F. Kauffman, 2d 
Lieutenant ; .Louis Kunze, Sd Lieutenant ; Allois Katus, Order- 
ly Sergeant. 

MONTGOMERY GUARDS. 

This company was organized in January, 1844, and numbers 
about 80' members. 

Officers.— WAW^m O'Callaghan, Captain ; D. Coghlan, 1st 
Lieutenant ; A. Johnston, 2d Lieutenant ; John McManman, 3d 
Lieutenant. 



66 



DETROIT 



The three latter named companies form the first battalion of 
the Frontier Guards. 

Officers. — John V. Ruehle Jr., Major ; John W. Daily, Adju- 
tant ; James J. Cicotte, Quarter Master. 

. CENSUS OF THE CITY OF DETROIT. 



1 


1844. 


1845. 


First ward. 


l,67i>i f£,U»i) 


Second ward. 


2,064 


2,179 


Third « 


1,920 


2,409 


Fourth " 


2,443 


3,452 


Fifth " 


870 


1,118 


Sixth " 


1,552 


1,868 


Colored Inhabitants, 


418 






10,939 


13,065 



CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS. 
ST. Vincent's hospital, 
Corner of Lamed and Randolph Streets. 
During the past year several rooms in the same block of build- 
ings in which the Catholic Seminary is kept, have been fitted up 
for the reception of the sick poor, who are taken care of, and pro- 
vided with such medical advice and assistance, and other neces- 
saries as they may need, under the direction of the Sisters of 
Charity. Upwards of sixty persons have received the benefits of 
the institution since its commencement. 
A LIST OF MAYORS OF THE CITY OF DETROIT. 
John R. Williams, elected 1824 

1825 
1826 
1827 
1828 
1829 
18S0 
1831 
1832 
1833 
1834 



John R. Williams, 


(( 


Henry I. Hunt, 


(( 


John Biddle, 


li 


John Biddle, 


IC 


Jonathan Kearsley, 


It 


John R. Williams, 


u 


Marshall Chapin, 


a 


Levi Cook, 


K 


Marshall Chapin, 


a 


C. C. Trowbridge, 


i( 



1 

{Levi Coolc, 


MUECTORY. 


Levi Cook, 


<i 


Henry Howard, 


u 


Augustus S. Porte-, 


^ 


De Garmo Jones, 


li 


Zina Pitcher, 


(( 


Zina Pitcher, 


(; 


Douglass Houghton, 


<; 


Zina Pitcher, 


(C 


John R. Williams, 


a 


John >R. Williams, 


(I 


John R. Williams, 


it 



67 

1835 
1836 
1837 
a 338 
1839 
1840 
1841 
1342 
1843 
1844 
1345 
184G 

JMUSEUM, OR CABINET OF OURIOSITIES, 

BY DR. CAVALLI, 

Franklin street, east of St. Antoine street, Detroit. 

The Museum of Dr. Cavalli, as above, is open daily for the 
reception of visitors, citizens and strangers, where may be in- 
spected an interesting and extensive collection of objects, the 
works of nature and of art. 

Here may be seen minerals from Lake Superior, from the val- 
ley of the Mississippi and 'from the group of Niagara specimens 
of the petrifactions of organic remains from Lake Huron and 
Lockport; shells from the oceans, and bivalves from the Ohio 
and Iowa rivers. 

Among the works of art, are the splendid representations of 
the Flore de I'amateur — the birds, quadrupeds and nests of the 
birds from Schinz— the Zoologique Atias of Egypt—the anti- 
quity df Herculaneum — the Sculptures of Rome, from Sandrat — 
Topography of Europe, by Marian — the Medals of the 14th and 
18th centuries — Napoleon's Campaign of Italy, kc. fcc. &.c. 

The collection, of medals contains the interesting series of 
Napoleon's victories. 

The following is the order in vvhich th€ different works are 
arranged: 

Minerals classified by Werner, 600 



68 DETROIT 

Petrifactions " " Goldfus, 500 

• Shells " " Lamarck, 400 

Birds* eg^s of Michigan, Wilson, 80 

Coins, (dollar size,) arranged geographically, 150 

Medals, " historically, 80 

Antiquities, " after the nations, 60 

Engravings in systennalical order, 4,000 

Library of various scientific works, 400 



0,070 
Admission to the exhibition is on all occasions " public and 
free.'* 

Dr. C. will be happy to exxhange duplicates from his collec- 
tion, for objects of natural history, or purchase any collections 
or specimens that may be offered. 

FIRE REGULATIONS FOR THE BETTER SECURITY 

OF BUILDINGS. 

From the Laws of the Common Council. 

1. No ashes can be kept in a wooden vessel, with-ln ten feet of 
any building, fence, or wooden structure; nor in a metal or 
earthen vessel, unless it is covered. 

2. Every stove pipe must be close jointed. It must enter a 
chimney of brick or stone, and be made close where it enters. 
Where it passes through a partition of wood, it must be through 
a crock of earthen or stone, or some non-conductor of heat. 

3. The floor under every stove must be covered by a board, 
faced with iron, zinc or tin, with a space under the stove of eight 
inches; or by a box filled with brick, sand or clay, three inches 
thick from the floor. The stove must be free from dangerous 
Clacks or openings, and properly fitted with doors. Wood within 
twelve inches of any stove or fire must be protected by a cover- 
ing of metal or plastering, and no wood, protected by metal, 
must be nearer than eight inches. 

4. The floor under stoves standing in shops where shavings or 
\^ood chippings are made, must be protected by a box filled with 
brick, sand or clay, five inches high from the floor, and for six 
inches outside the bottom of the stove. 



DIRECTORY. 69 

b. All stove pipe holes, openings and cracks in chimneys, must 
Ic closed by a sheet of metal, or brick and mortar. 

6. Blacksmith's chimneys must be constructed to prevent the 
escape of sparks, and the side of the building contiguous to the 
forge, for the space of six feet long and up to the roof, and on 
the inside of the roof over the forge for the space of fourteen 
feet square, must be plastered. 

7. Wooden fire boards must be covered on the bottom of the 
inside with a strip of sheet iron, tin or zinc, at least six inches 
wide. 

8. Every occupant of a tenement, whose premises are found 
on examination by a Fire Warden, one week after receiving this 
notice, not in conformity with the above requisitions, will be 
subjected to the fine and costs imposed by law. 

The occupant is requested to preserve and refer to this notice. 

BOUNDARIES OF THE WARDS. 

First Ward. — All west of the centre line of Shelby, and south 
of the centre of Michigan avenue. 

Second Waid. — All south of the centres of Monroe and Mich- 
igan avenues, and between the centres of Shelby and Randolph 
streets. 

Third Ward.— AW south of Croghan street, and between the 
centre lines of Randolph and St. Antoine streets. 

Fourth fFard.—Ali east of the centre line of St. Antoine st., 
and south of Gratiot Road. 

Fifth Ward. — All north of the centre of Michigan avenue, 
and west of the centres of Woodward avenue and the Saginaw 
turnpike. 

Sixth Ward. — All east of the centre of Woodward avenue,, 
north of the centres of Monroe avenue, Croghan street, and 
Gratiot road, and west of the centre line of St. Antoine street. 

LIST OF STREETS, LANES AND ALLEYS. 
Abbott St., from Fourth street to Michigan avenue. 
Adams Avenue, from Clifford street to Brush st. 
Atwater street^ (rom GiUett's Wharf to Hamtramck. 



70 DETROIT 

Bates street, from the river to Farmer st. 

Beaubien street, from the river to Montcalm st. 

Berthelet Alley, from Randolph st. to Franklin st. 

Brush street, from river to Adams avenue. 

Cass street, from river to Miciiigan avenue. 

Catharine street, from Gratiot st. to Hamtramck. 

Clinton street, from Gratiot st. to Hamtramck. 

Clifford street, from Columbia st. to Woodward avenue. 

Congress street, from Fourth st, to Hamtramck. 

Croghan street, from Randolph st. to Hamtramck. 

Elizabeth street, from William st. to Brush st. 

Farmer street, from John R. st. to Randolph st. 

Farrar street, from ,Tohn R. st. to Randolph st. 

First street, from Jefferson avenue to Michigan avenue. 

Fort street, from Fourth st. to Hamtramck. 

Fourth street, from Woodbridge st. to Chicago turnpike. 

Franklin street, from Berthelet alley to Rivard st. 

Gouin street, between Atwater st. and Franklin st. 

Grand River st., from Grand River turnpike to Randolph st. 

Gratiot street, from Miami square to Hamtramck. 

Griswold street, from river to John R. st. 

Harriet street, from Randolph st. to Brush st. 

Hastings street, from the river to Gratiot street. 

Howard street, from First st. to Fourth st. 

Jefferson Avenue, from First st. to Hamtramck. 

John R. street, from Woodward Avenue to Montcalm st. 

Julius Alley, from Fourth st. to Griswold st. 

Lafayette street, from Fourth st. to Hamtramck. 

Larned street, from Fourth st. to Hamtramck. 

Macomb street, from Miami square to St. Antoine st. 

Macomb Avenue, from Grand River st. to the Grand Circus. 

Madison Avenue, Randolph st. to Grand Circus. 

Miami Avenue, from Randolph st. to Grand Circus. 

Miami Square, from Randolph st. to Miami avenue. 

Michigan Avenue, from Randolph st. to Fourth st. 

Military Square, crosses Woodward avenue. 



DIRECTORY. 71 

Monroe Avenue, from Military Square to Randolph st. 
Montcalm street, from Witherell to John R. st. 
Mullet street, from Rivard farm to Russel st. 
Palmer street, from Grand River to Clifford st. 
Park street, from Michigan avenue to Grand River st. 
Pine street, betvi^een Hastings and Rivard streets. , 
Porter street, from Third to Fourth. 
Randolph street, from river to Adams avenue. 
Rivard street, from river to Gratiot st. 
Rowland street, from Michigan avenue to Grand river st.' 
Russel street, from Jefferson avenue to <jratiot st. 
St. Antoine street, from river to Clinton st. 
Shelby street, from Woodbridge st. to Michigan avenue. 
Second street, from lower Woodbridge st. to Michigan av. 
State street, from Park to Gratiot st. 
Therese Alley, from river to Berthlet alley. 
Third street, from lower Woodbridge st. to Michigan av. 
Wapping, between Woodbridge and Atwater sts. 
Washington Grand Aveune, from Michigan Avenue to Grand 
Circus. 

Wayne street, from river to Michigan Avenue. 
Williams street, from Grand Circus to Montcalm st. 
Woodbridge street, from Jones' farm to Hamtramck. 
Woodward Avenue, from the river to Grand Circus. 

BUILDINGS, ROWS, &c. 

Abbott's block, corner Atwater and Griswold sts. 

Commercial buildings, Woodward Avenue between Jefferson 
avenue and Lamed st. 

Connors building, Jefferson av. between Woodward avenue 
and Bates st. 

Drew's block, corner Jefferson av. and Griswold st. 

Desnoyers' buildings, Jefferson av. between Woodward avenue 
and Bates st. 

King's building, Jefferson av. corner Woodward avenue. 

Law buildings, Woodward av. corner Woodbridge st. 

Michigan Exchange, Jefferson av. corner of Shelby st. 



72 DETROIT 

Republican Hall, Jefferson av. between Bates and Randolph st. 

Sheldon's block, Jefferson av. between Griswold and Shelby 
streets. 

Smart's buildings, Jefferson av. between Woodward av. and 
Bates sts. 

Warden's block, Woodward av. between Woodbridge and 
Atwater sts. 

Williams' buildings, Jefferson av. corner Bates st. 

White buildings, Jefferson av. corner Shelby st. 



ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE DIRECTORY. 
St. ior street. 
A v. for avenue. 
Cor. for corner. 
R. for residence. 
B. for boards. 
N. for north. 
E. fur east. 
S. for south. 
W. for west. 



W E L L I N G S' 

DIRECTORY OF DETROIT, 

18 16. 



A. 

Abbott James, fur merchant, Abbotts block, Atvvater street, r 

cor Fort and Griswold streets. 
Abbott Robert, Sprincrvvells, river side. 
Abbott John S. law otfice, over Farmers & Mechanics Bank, Jeff 

ave, r Spring wells, 
Abbott Georoe C. tin smith, Michigan ave opposite Central R R 

depot, r cor Miami av and State st. 
Abbott James, Woodward av n John R st. 
Abbott Robert J, clerk, Johnson Richardson. 
Abbott Daniel, b John Scott. 

Abbot Thomas F, Beecher & Abbot, b L B Beechers. 
Abernethy Robert, boot and shoe store, VVoodbridge w First st, 
Adams Charles S. (Whiting &: Adams,) b D Dunning. 
Adams Alexander H, Mich State Bank, Earned near Hastings st. 
Adams Thomas K, shoe store, Jef!"av w Bates st, b Wales' hotel. 
Adams Orlando B, steam boat Niagara, Russell near Lafayette. 
Adams, cabinet maker, b Thomas Cranage. 

Adair William, Michigan Garden. 
Adley Mrs, Fruitery, Woodward av n Atwater st. 
Ahlers Gustavus, tailor, Lafayette near Hastings st. 
Albee James, carpenter, Randolph e Fort st. 
Aldrich David, confectioner, JefFav w Randolph St. 
Allison, John, silversmith, b Railroad Exchange. 
Allsop Henry, grocer, cor Mich av and Wayne st. 
Allen &: Stewart, (botanic store,) Jeff av e Bates st. 
Allen Ira M, Russell s Croghan st. 

Allen Orville B, (Toles fc Allen,) cor Elizabeth Si Park .-'-:. 
Allen James L, currier, b Mrs Barton. 
Allen James B, b Samuel Pitts. 
Allen Thomas, carpenter, Columbia w Park st. 
Allen Horace, blacksmith, cor First and Abbott sts. 
Allen Charles, Griswold st opposite the Capitol. 
Allen Thomas, Griswold st opposite the capitol. 
7 



74 DETROIT 

Allen Nathan, gfrocer, Atwater e Griswold et. 

Allen George, joiner, b Israel Noble. 

Allen Lewi?, Law office, Woodward av n Jeff av, r Griswold st 
opposite capitol. 

Allen Capt. Lamed w Cass st. 

Allyn Frederick, tailor, JefTav w Shelby gt. 

Almy John, clerk in Siirv. Gen. ofllce, b Wales' Hotel. 

Alter Francis, grocer, cor Beaubien and Congress sis. 

Ambroster Igneas, laborer, Randolph n Harriet st. 

Ambroster John, porter G. &, J. G. Hill. 

Ames John, Woodbridire e Beaubien st. 

Ammann Christian, cor Jeff av and Cass st. 

Amrhein William, Croghan e Hastings. 

Anderson Charles, Brush n Fort st. 

Andrews Hiram R, proprietor Railroad Hotel. 

Andrews Luther O, Railroad Hotel. 

Andrews John, Engineer, cor Monroe av and Randolph at. 

Andrews Marcus, carpenter, b Mrs McMillen. 

Andrews John, tailor, Gratiot st e Russell st. 

Andrew William, grocer, cor Congress and Antoine sts. 

Andre Joseph, cor Larned and Randolph sts. 

Andre James, do do 

Andre Peter, do do 

Armstrong James A k Co, Forwarding n»erchants, foot Cass st. 

Armstrong James A, b Michigan Exchange. 

Armstrong Thomas H, hat and c.ip store and tailoring establish- 
ment, Wood'd av nr Military sqr, r Randolph n Croghan st, 

Armstrong William, clerk F Moore k. Co, b B B Davis' Hotel. 

Armstrong John J, clerk, Moore &i Bradford, b Barney's Hotel. 

Armstrong A, grocer, cor Beaubien and Croghan sts. 

Armitage Robert, stone cutler, b James Mappelbeck. 

Arthur Henry, saddler, b Railroad Hotel. 

Ashley Elkanah, carponter, Bates n Farmer st. 

Ashley William, clerk Wales' Hotel. 

Ashley Elihu, carpenter, Congress e Hastings st. 

Ash Richard, (Page &r. Ash.) Randolph n Fort st. 

Ask John, tailor, cor Atwater and Griswold sts. 

Aspina'l J &, P, grocers, Woodward av s Woodbridge St. 

Aspinali Joseph, cor Macomb av and Clifford st. 

Aspinall Phillip, Grand River o Fanar st. 

Atkinson k. Godfrey, house, ship, sign and ornamental painters, 
Griswold st nr the Custom House. 

Atkinson John, cor Farmer and Grand River sts. 

Atworth John, carpenter, cor Fort and Fourth sts. 

Aiikrrman Conrad, Franklin w Riopclle st. 

Autrich Martin, potter, Croghan e IJastings st. 

Avery William T, (Scadin &, Avery,) b Mrs Hinchman. 



DIRECTORY. 76 

Avery Charles H, b H H Emmons. 

Avery Elisha S, Carew k Avery, b National Hotel. 

Ayer Abraham M, Jeft'av w Orleans st. 

Ayer Alvin B, do do 

Ayres Mrs, boarding house, cor Congiess and Brush sts. 

B. 

Babillion P, boot maker, Griswold st near ^ustom House. 
Babe Mrs, embroidery and fancy articles, Russell n Lamed st. 
Bacon Washington A, teacher, corner Jeft'av and Russell st. 
Bacon Marshall J, law oflice, VVood'd av s JefF av, r Congreee e 

Beaubien st. 
Backus Henry T, lawyer, Springwells near Detroit, (river side.) 
Backus VV. b Collins B:adley. 
Bader Francis, shoe maker, Russell n Fort st. 
Bagg k> Harmon, printers and propriel's Democratic Free Press, 

corner Woodward av and Congress st. 
Bagg A Smith, books and stationery, Woodward av, r Elizabeth 

st sv Park st. 
Bagg John S, postmaster, b National Hotel. 
Bagg Silas A, county register. Fort w First st. 
Bagg Dr Joseph H, corner Macomb and Brush sis. 
Bailey &, Knowlton, surgeon dentists, corner Woodward av and 

Congress st (office upstairs.) 
Bailey Dr Frederick E, b Dr Knowlton, 
Bailey Joseph C, fchtJby n Fort st. 
Baker Mrs, (nurs^e.) Columbia w Witherell st. 
Baldwin Lyman, (P Hayden k Co) Woodward av n Lamed fit, 

r cor Miami av and Grand River t^t. 
Baldwin Joseph D, leather store Woodward av n Lamed et, r 

Macomb w Beaubien st. 
Baldwin H P, boot and shoe store, Jeff av near Woodward av, 

r Griswold n Lamed st. 
Baldwin Horatio N, farnier, Cass farm. Grand River st. 
Baldwin Albert J, farmer do do 

Baldwin Charles, porter, Railroad Hotel. 
Baldwin John, do E H W Brooke. 

Baldock Henry, cor Woodbridge and Bates sts. 
Baldry George, soap maker, b St. Clair Hotel. 
Ballard IStephen, laborer, At water e Hastings st, 
Ballou Lorenzo, printer, b Mrs Barton's. 
Balcorn George, goldsmith, Robbins fc Hubbard. 
Balch Mrs ,board'g house, cor Mich Grand av and Randolph it. 
Banks Robert, clothing, store cor Jeffav and Griswold st, r cor 

Fort and Brush. 
Bartholomew Albert H, Randolph n Congress st. 



.76 DETROIT 

Barstow k. Lockwood, law ofEce,cori>er Jeff and Woodward avs. 

Barstow Samuel, cor Cono-ress and Second sts. 

Barstow Homer A, clerk National Hotel. 

Barstow Hiram T, bar keeper do. 

Barclay ^ Keenej, machinists and founders, cor Shelby and La- 
fayette sis. 

Barclay William, cor Farrar and Grand River sts. 

Barclay John, ship carpenter, b Mrs King-sley's. 

Barnard Sberman, agent St Clair Lumber Company, r cor Lar- 
ned and Brush sts. 

Barnard Charles T, printer, b Grand River House. 

Barner Mil I on, proprietor Steamboat Hotel, cor Randolph and 
Woodb ridge sts. 

Barney Daniel, do. 

Barnum William, hatter, JefTav, r Croghan w Antoine sts. 

Bartley Patrick, laborer, cor Wayne and Larned sts. 

Bartley Charles, tailor, b John Lyster. 

Bartley Charles, laborer, Griswold near Larned sts. 

Bartell Nicholas, boot maker J Bour's. 

Barton Mrs, boarding house, Wuodbridge e Bates st. 

Barton Jac(jb L, b J L Wright's. 

Barrett William H, Woodbridge w Griswold sts. 

Barrett Samuel, carpenter Gratiot w Beaubien st, 

Barlage Anthonv, grocer, cor Franklin and Hastings sts. 

Barker Jacob, Woodbritlge w Riopell st. 

Barker Jacob Jr, sailor do. 

Barie William, bakery, k,c cor Franklin and Hastings sts. 

Barie Francis, cor Bales and VV^oodbndge sts. 

Bane John, laborer. Mullet near Rivard st. 

Barry Mrs, upholsteress, Stevens k, Zug. 

Barry John, laborer, Larned w Griswold st. 

Barsc William H, mariner, cor Randolph st and Adams av. 

Bard, pamter, b Mrs Balch. 

Bascom E, chair maker, b Thos Cranage. 

Batte.^hall William, painter, Lafayette w Griswold st. 

Bates George C, law office, Jetl' av w Griswold st, r Fort w 
Wayne st. 

Bates Morgan, cor Fort and Third sts. 

Bates k Co, tailors. Woodward n Jeft'avs. 

Bates Samuel, Michigan av opposite Washington av. 

Bates Capt E, steamboat builder, b Mansion House. 

Bates George, carpenter, Croghan w Russell st. 

Bates Andrew, laborer, Berthelet alley. 

Bates Abel, do do. 

Baiighrnan Rev J A, cor Macomb and Beaubien sts. 

Baxter Witter, (Harvie h Baxter,) b Mrs Hartwell, 

Baxter Thomas, rope maker, Adams av e Clifford st. 



DIRECTORY. 11 

Beaubien Antoine, Jeff av w Antoine st. 

Beaubien James, cor Beaubien and VVoodbridge fits. 

Beaubien Peler, VVoodbridge near Orleans st. 

Beaubien Charles, Beaubien st n Larned st. 

Beaubien Henry, Farmer st opposite the Jail. 

Beardslee Charles J, proprietur Railroad Exchange, Michigan 
Grand av. 

Beard James, lumber yard,cor At water and Orleans 6t8,r cor Or- 
leans and Pine sts. 

Beard George, recess, cor Jeff and Woodward ave, rcor Michigan 
ave arid Parks st. 

Beard Thomas, porter, \v Second st. 

Beard Jesse, do do 

Beard William laborer, r Mrs Flanio-an. 

Beagle James, printer, Gratiot e Rivard et. 

Beach John, butcher, Woodbridge e Beaubien st. 

Beach Henry, cabinet maker, r Henry Myres. 

Beale Williaiii, laborer, cor Elizabeth and Park sts. 

Bcale Charles, hostler. Mansion House. 

Beckmann Frederick, cabinet maker, cor Croghan and Rivard fits. 

Beckmann Christian, servant, James Abbott. 

Beckwith James L, mariner, Fort e Brush st. 

Beck Gollieb, tanner, cor Fort and Hastings sts. 

Beck Joseph, laborer, cor Macomb and Hastings sts. 

Beecher fa. Abbot, drv-goods &,c, Jeff ave e Woodward ave. 

Beecher Luther R, Jeff ave \\ Brush st. 

Beede Richard, (lemon beer,) Randolph n Jeff av. 

Behan Peter, tailor, Woodbridge strColumbiaV Clifford st 

Bellair Oliver, cor Rivard and Fort sts. 

Belisle Charles, blacki-mith, cor Franklin and Antoine fits. 

Belisle Francis, Macomb w Hastings st. 

Beldin Charles, ship carpenter, cor Larned and Third sts. 

Bell Digby V, Auditor General, (office State building, Griawold 
st, r Elizabeth vv Witherell st. 

Bell William, do do 

Bemrose Michael, blacksmith, r Thos Hall. 

Benjamin Almon, laborer, Clifford st n Macomb av. 

Beniteau Clemewt clerk, Wadleigh & Co, r Railroad Hotel. 

Benedict Eri, ship carpenter, Farmer w Bates st. 

Benedict Chailes H, do do 

Benedict Elias H, do do 

Benedict James, rarp^nter, Croghan wRusselst. 

Benedict Edward H, deputy jailor, 

Benham Ebenezcr, grocerirs fa,c, military square n National Ho- 
tel, r Clinton e Beaubien st. 

Bennett Moses, blacksmith, cor Columbia and Clifford fit. 

Bennett DeWitt C, bar keeper, Commercial Hotel. 
7* 



78 DETROIT 

Bennett Franoi?, wagon maker, M Sage. 

Bennett Dr William, Michigan Gardens. 

Bennett Jatnes A, clpri<, Chaiincy Hurlbut. 

Bent ley Samuel, machinisif, VVoodbridge e Beaubien at. 

Benlley llapkell, laborer, U S Hotel. 

Bendit S h Co, dry goods Jeffav. 

Benilo iJieiidnnni, cariientnr, r J Busby. 

Benito L, ball alley, Woodward av. 

Berrynian Edgar, laborer, r |[ Myrcs. 

Berthelet Henry, corner Jeffav and Orleans st. 

Berihelet Peter, do do 

Berthelet Henry, Jr, r Miss Lvons. 

Brrrybo Francis, laborer, Fr mklin e Hastings st. 

Bernie Antoine, butcher, (Columbia vv Wiiherell st. 

Berger C, gunsmith, cor Cuni^ress and Russell sts. 

Berjior Adol|)hus, grocer, Michigan av. 

Bet<i Jwhn, blacksmith, r A Chopc. 

Best Cristian, do Brush n Gratiot st. 

Best Francis, Pine e Hastings st. 

Betue Oliver, laborer, Franklin w Rivard st. 

Bigley ThofDas, Woodward av n Staae st. 

Bigley John, do do 

Billings John S, Woodward av n State st. 

B ngham Edward, r Jancb S Farrand. 

Bissinger Michael, laborer, Catharine e Russell st. 

Bisconner Louis, cartinan, Atvvatere Antoine st. 

Bisconner Peter, laborer. Forte Hastlnirs st, 

Bissell Augustus E, (Wali-ins k, Bisseil,) cur Jeff av and Biush 

St. 

Bissfll George W, clerk do 

Bisseil E.lward, shoe store, military square, 

Bissell Nathan, painter, IVlaoimd) o Beaubien st. 

Bisseil Charles, (Kercheval h Co) S|iringwell. 

Bishop &- Spragui' grccers &.c, Woodward av n Atvvater st. 

Bishop Morris L, Jotfav e Be;.n!)ien st. 

Bishop Lf'vi, (McRevnold's & Biseop,) r National Hotel. 

Blarnk .lohn. Piano Forte maker, Jeffav c Cass st. 

Black James, Grocer, Military square. 

Black Alexander, grocer, Michipan av opposite C R R Depot. 

Blair John, blacksmith. Front near First r First n Congress 8l, 

Blair John, grocer, river side, near old ierry. 

Blair David, carpenter, do do 

Black River sieiui mill lumber yard, foot Hastings et. 

Blake F(miice, clerk, State st, east Woodward av. 

Blake Edward, carpenter, b I-rarl Nnble. 

Blindherry Charles, sawyor, Con'Toss e Rivard sts, 

Bl.nn Edward VV, clerk Geo C Moon. 



DIRECTORY. 79 

Bloomrr William, ship carpenter, Lamed vv CaSvS sts. 

Bloom Ji)hn, sail inal;er and ship chandler, VVoodbridge st, west 

Wayne st, r Firs^l st. north Larned st. 
Bloom Ji)hn, .Ir, do do 

Bock John, laborer, C railroad depot. 
Boden WiHiiun, laborer, at John Robert?. 
Boden 'J'imothy, VVa^ihingfon av north Clifford st. 
Boo-ret widow, (Catharine st west Rivard st. 
Bo^et M, Grocery, cor Grand River and Rowland sts, 
Bohland John, tailor. Fort st east Beaubien s'. 
Bohn Philip, Croohan o Antoine sts. 
Bokev Lonis, b!acksmith,Grand River st e Woodward a?. 
Boland C, shoemaker, do do 

Bolio Gideon, carpenter, Lafayette e Rivaid sts. 
Bom Jo.-ei)h, iMacomb e Antoine sts. 
Bondeli, Ed'.vaid, colporteur, b Geo Saunders. 
Bonney J')el, carpf^nter, Larned st e Second st. 
Bond William, gilder and louking-'glass manufacturer, Jeff av 

e Shelby st. 
Bond Eluil, ijrocery, cor Randolph st and Monroe av. 
Bootyet R )o:ers, laborer, Eig-le steam saw mill. 
Bornuiann Doderick, laborer, Lafayette e Riopelle sts. 
Borr mann IJf^nry, do do 

Boroman Robert. L, ha'ter, Gonsfress e Hastings sts. 
Boroman Jamrs, h itter, at J G Crane's. 
Borden Edmund VV, tailor, Confjress st e Hastings st. 
Born Hrnry, sh e maker, Larned st e Bates st. 
Bostock Fr;tncis, clerk E Benham. 
Boswell l>-a;ic, teacher of music, b Mrs Loomis. 
Bostin Joseph, carpenter, Croohan vv Hastings sts. 
Bottr.mley Joseph, waiter, A Fraser. 
Bottouilov Gporge, do E P Hastings. 
Bouchard k Johness, Detroit shop, cor Bates and Atwater sts* 
Bouchard N, Lnrnnd st e Beaubien st. 
Bouchar I Constin, tailor, b Lake House. 
Boudrou Stephen, ship carpenter, cor Brush and Gratiot ete, 
Boulard Martin, waiter, John Owen. 
Boulie Anei. grave-digger, Gratinf st w Russell st, 
Bonrke Will ain, cooper, foot Randolph st. 
Bour Jose|th,b oot-maker, oeffav, near Wales' Hotel, r cor Port 

nr Russell St. 
Bour Angiistiis, J Bnur's, r cor Fort and Bussell sts. 
Bour i\ich ".la>:, mason, cor Croghan and Rivard sts. 
Bowman George, carpenter, Congress east Antoine st. 
B;\voii .T^'s^eiih. laborer, Larned east Bates st. 
Boyco Patrick' laborer, Howard west Cass st. 
Boyle Edvv'ard, laborer, Woodbridgeeast Wayne st.. 



80 DETROIT 

Boyt William, barkeeper, Mrs Manchester's saloon. 

Boyt Charles L, b do. 

Boyt Fie'lcric, book-binder, b do. 

Bradlor.l R C k, Co, dry-goods &tc, Jeffav east Woodward av. 

Bradford Robert C, b Jas Williadis. 

Bradford James D, (Moore &, Bradford.) b .Tames Williams. 

Bradf.)rd Epliraim P, clerk R C liradfi)rd &, Co, b National Hotel. 

Bradsliaw Srinuiel, Abbott west Second st.' 

Branigan William, teacher of book-keeping, Anloine n Larned 

St. 

Brainard Franklin B, b A E Hathon. 

Bradley Collins, (P Hayden St Co), cor Hastings and Lafayette 

sis. 
Bradley, carpenter, cor Larned and Second sts. 
Brayton John P, clerk, V W Roth. 
Branian Jason, carpenter, Jeffav e Shelby st. 
Braman iMrs, millmery, do do. 

Branan Victor, cor Miillett and Orleans sts. 
Braran Benj. tinsmith, b MrsEsdel. 
Brabno Joseph, carpenter, Croghan e Antoine st. 
Brady H, Gen'l U. S. Army, cor Jeffav and Hastings st. 
Brady k Trowbridge, grocers &:c, Jeffav w Woodward av. 
Brady Samuel P, Congress w Griswuld st. 
Brady Hugh, grocer, cor At water and Griswold sts. 
Brady Jnhn, carpenter, Beaubien s Macomb st. 
Bray John F, printer, b Eagle Tavern. 
Brewster &6 Dudgeon, forwarding merchants, foot Brush 8t. 
Brewster William, Jeffav w Beaubien st. 
Brenan James, boiler maker, Adams av e Grand Circus, 
Brenan widow, do do. 

Brenan Jcffey, Woodbridge w First st. 
Breen William, driver, Wales' Hotel. 

Breck Dr. office Jeffav w Bates st, r Larned st e Antoine st. 
Briggerman Fiancis, grocer, cor Macomb and Antoine sts. 
Brinkman Henry, laborer, A Pulte. 
Brigham Benj F, printer, Randolph near Fort st, 
Brigham Edward, gunsmith, b W Lyon. 
Briscoe i5pnj, engineer. Farmer n State st. 
Britton Sanfcird, cabinet maker, Jeffav, b Barney's Hotel. 
Brist(d Charles L, Social Retreat, river side, SpringwelU. 
Brinick Edward, shoemaker. Randolph s Woodbridge st. 
Brister C, carpenter, Beaubien n Lafayette st. 
Br ody Bryan, joiner, Larned w Third 'st, 
Briley John, shoemaker, Larned w Shelby st. 
Bridge k. Lewis,*forwarding merchants, foot Bates st. 
Bridire Harvey P, b National Hotel. 
Brockhauson i)r,cor Randolph st &c Eerthelet alley. 



DIRECTORY. 81 

Browning- Henry P, painter, JefFav e Brush st. 

Browning- Mrs, milliner and dress maker, do do. 

Browning- Mrs, VVuodbridge e Hastings st. 

Browning Samuel C, clerk W Noyes Jun b do. 

Bronson John, Antoiiie n Larned st. 

Brooke Edwin H W, proprietor Rialto Saloon, Woodbridge e 

Shelby st. 
Brooks Col Edward, Woodward av n Grand River st. 
Brooks Dngald, engineer, Randolph near Fort st. 
Brown Henry H, cashier Mich Ins Bank, r cor Fort and Wayne 

sts. 
Srown Culien, sadlery &.c, Jeff av e Bates st, r Hamtramck. 
Brown &: PutiDan, messdames millinery he, Jeff av w Griswold 

St. 

Brown John, groceries Sic, cor Woodward av and Larned st, r 

Woodward av n State st. 
Brown Ephiaim, clerk J Holmes h Co. 
Brown William, do do. 

Brown Dr R, b Michigan Rxchange. 
Brown Thomas, laborer. Woodward av n State st. 
Brown William, cabinet maker, b Mrs Esdell. 
Brown Thomas, wcighmaster, cor Jeff av and Wayne st. 
Brown Mrs, straw millinery do 

Brown Miss, taiioress, Jeff av near Michigan Exchange. 
Brown Barton, driver Railroad Hotel. 
Brown Robert, butcher, Witherell n Elizabeth st. 
Brown Francis, do do. 

Brown James, shoemaker do. 

Brown Alonzo, carpenter, b Eri Benedict. 
Brown Robert, laborer, Atwater w Anto'ne st, 
Brown George, recess, Atwater e Bates st. 
Brown Frederick, shoemaker, Lewis Rankin. 
Brown John, warehouseman, Dorr, Webb &. Co, 
Brunyard John, joiner, b Mrs Warren. 
Brunet Thomas, tinsmith, b Mrs Esdell. 
Brush Edmund A, Jeff av w Brush st. 
Brush Alfred, do. 

Brush ThoiuHs C, carpenter, Randolph n Fort st. 
Buckley Henry, clerk G Williams k. Co, b Wales' Hotel. 
Buddington George, carpenter cor Miami av and Grand Circus. 
Buddou John, mason, Macomb w Russell st. 
Buel Alexander VV, law office. Woodward av near Jeff av,r Jeff av 

w Riopell St. 
Buhl F &. C H, hat and cap manufacturers, Jeff av e Woodward 

av. 
Buhl F, Congress w Cass st. 
BuhlC H, Griswold n Larned st. 



82 DETROIT 

Bullock Stephen. Antoine n Congress st. 

Bull James, variety^ store, Woodward av, r Miami av n Grand 
River st. 

Bull Charles M, ^rncerieSjWoodbridg-e near Cass st,r cor Michi- 
g-an av and Park st. 

Bull George G, law office, U S building, r C Morse. 

Bull H L B, National Hotel. 

Bunnell William, pedlar, Grand River st cor Macomb av. 

Burlingham Geo, b^r keeper, Strangers' Home. 

Burchard M W, cur Woodward av and Congress st. 

Burchard Jas T, do 

Burchell Moses, steamboat agent, Woodbridge e Brush bI. 

Burchel! Aaron, drayiiian do 

Burrell Albert, foreman Clarke's livery stable. 

Burrell D, Railroad Hotel. 

Burgess R W, topooraphical engineer, b Mich Exchange. 

Burgess Edward, blacksniith, Lamed w Shelby sts. 

Burnham Hiram, clerk auditor general's office, b Marcos Ste- 
vens. 

Burdell Dominick, laborer, Fort and Hastings sts. 

Burnell Wm, master builder, b A C Carter. 

Burfree Martin W, chair maker, Lafayette w Shelby st. 

Builey Wa.^hington, b A II Adams. 

Burden Mrs, Lamed e Brush sis. 

Burke Anthony S. Gillet's. 

Bums James, (Cook 8i Burns) Mich av e Shelby st. 

Burns Ja?, laborer, Croghan e Antoine st. 

Burns Eduard, labtvcr, do 

Burns Wm, cartman, do 

Burns Geo, grocer, Woodbridge w Shelby st. 

Burns Patrick, carpenter, (^iniJ-re.-s e Antoine sts. 

Burns Alexander, carpenter, b Wm Robson's. 

Burns Edward, servant. D Dunning. 

Bury Lewis, clerk Cray Si, l^pvvis, b Mrs Hale. 

Bushnell Daniel P, office Drews block Jeff av, r Mrs Inger- 
soll. 

Busby James, carpenter, cor Congress and Russell sts. 

Bush Theodore, laborer. Snelby n Woodbridge st. 

Butler William A, (Lamson &, Co) Larned e Beaubien st. 

Butler Peter, cartman, Franklin e Rivard st. 

Butler Patrick, lab<Mcr, Woodbridge w Rivard st. 

Butler Williain, carpenter, Fort e Rivard st. 

Butler James, saddl'^r, r Railroad Exchange. 

Button Harry, cooper, Lamed w Cass st. 

Buzzard Philip, clerk. Eagle steam saw mill. 

Byram Ebenezer, (Slater &, Byram) Elizabeth e Park St.. 

Byram Charles, carpenter, Macomb e Rivard st. 



DIRECTORY. 83 

C. 

Caderat Poter, carpenter, Macomb e Antoine st. 

Cadieux Peljx, cooper, Thcrese alley Atuatcr ^t. 

Cadwell Henry, painter, c^r Farrwrand John ii sts. 

Cadence Jo.seph, laborer, Diquindre farm n Catharine st. 

Caddy George, tin.-tnilh, at Geo C Abbott, 

Caldwell James, laborer, Franklin e Beaiibien st. 

Calhoun &, Spencer, groceries and intilligence office, Jeff av oppo- 
site Wales' Hotel. 

Calhoun Andrew, r Jeff av u' Randolph st. 

Calhoun Mrs, milliner and dret^s maker, do do 

Caley John, ship joiner. Lamed w Second st. 

Campbell James V, law office, cor Jeff and Woodward avs, r Lar- 
ned e Bru?h st. 

Campbell Colin, Scotch store, Jeff av e Bates st, r Congress w 
Bates .<t. 

Campbell William P, New FerryHonse, foot Woodward av. 

Campbell John, printer, r Mrs Barton. 

Campbdll Peter, engineer. Congress w Wayne. 

Campbell Joseph, Grand River w Rowland st. « 

Campau Daniel J, county treasurer, office cor Congress and Gri«- 
wold sts, r F R Palms. 

Campau Alexander, Woodward av n State st, 

Campaii Bunabas, do do 

Campau Henry, r Miss Lyons. 

Campau Joseph, Jefi av w Griswold st. 

Campau Joseph, Jr do do 

Campau James, do do 

Campau I)(innis, do do 

Campau Vetcr, cabinetmaker, r Mrs Barton. 

Camp Thomas, laborer. Woodward av n John R st. 

Cam James, shoemaker, r Geo Saunders. 

Canfield A, Capt U S Army, cor Cass and Fort sts. 

Canniff Abraham, Congress \v Shelby st. 

Cannan Michael. Lafayette e Beaubien st. 

Cannan James, teamster. Grand River st w Macomb av. 

Candy G!d(M)n, ship joiner, r J W W(H)lsey. 

Carpenter h Rice, dry goods Sic, Jeff av w Bates st. 

Carpenter William, N, Woodbridge e Hastings st. 

Carpenter H D, bar keeper, Michigan Exchange. 

Carpenter Naihun, Bates n Faruier st. 

Carpent(!r E.-au, cooper. Woodward av n State st. 

Carpenter Miss, dress maker, do do 

Cargill O.^^car F, (Chase &.Cargill,) b National Hotel. 

CargiU Jimes A, (Glass &. Cargill.) b Railroad Hotel 

Cargill S P, clerk Chase && Cargill. 



34 DETROIT 

Cartney William, Randolph st n Larned st. 

Cardell Michael L, dentist, JefFav e Shelby st, r Beaubien st. 

Carrier C5"riis, printer at Charles Wilcox. 

Carroll Henry, provisions,Michi2fan Grand av opposite City Hall. 

Carter Asahel, C VVoodbrido-e e Brush st^ 

Carley William L, Woodbridge e Shflby st. 

Carew & Avery, Detroit Brewery, First n Larned st. 

Carew Joshiia L, b D Dunning. 

Carba John, laborer, at Antoine Beiuibiens. 

Carle Daniel, laborer, Antoine s Franklin st. 

Carle Thomas, laborer Columbia vv Park st. 

Carle Frederick, carpenter, IN Laubucker. 

Carle William, laborer, Congress e Antoine st. 

Carey Mrs, provisions, Michig-an Grand]av opposite City Hall. 

Carey Daniel, shoemaker, b George Saunders. 

Casterton VViliiam, cor Larned and Griswold st. 

Castello Peter, at Pierre Teller's. 

Casells Charles D, blacksmith, b J W Woolsey. 

Casavah Joseph, mariner, Franklin w^ Rivard st. 

Casher Joseph, saddler, cor Antoine and Croghan st. 

Caster Jc*ph, laborea, Russell n Lafayette st. 

Casky Samuel G W, clerk A C McGraw fc Co. 

Cass Hon Lewis, U S Senator, cor Cas? and Fort sts. 

Cash Joseph, shoemaker, Lafayette e Rivard st. 

Case Seth, carpenter, cor Bates st and Michigan Grand av . 

Cattlevvorth Thomas, gardener, Elon Farnsworth. 

Cattermole Geoige, clerk J &l P As pi nail. 

Cavanagh Jeremiah, at Cornelius O'Fiynn. 

Cavanagh James, tavern, foot Woodward av. 

Cavanagh Patrick, moulder, b Mrs Barton. 

Cavalli Dr, Franklin e Antoine st. 

Cavalry William, mate S B Illinois,Grand River st \v Macomb ar, 

Chamberlrin David V, carpenter,Woodvvard av n Grand River ^1. 

Chamberlain David, at E B Whipple's. 

Chapoton Eustache, mason, Jeff av eBeaubienst. 

Chapoton William, mason do do 

Chapcton Alexander, mason, Congress e Brush st. 

Chapoton Benj'n, mason cor Congress and Hastings sts. 

Chapoton John M, carpenter, Farrarn Grand River st. 

Chapoton Antoine, carpenter, do do 

Chapoton Henry, mason, Lafayette w Rivard st. 

Chambers Charles, Cass n Lafayette st. 

Chapman Silas, porter National Hotel. 

Chapman James, grocer, Monroe av n Military square. 

Chagnon k Langlois, grocer, cor Atwater and Randolph sts. 

Chagnon Louis, Fort w Hastings st, 

Chaffee Amos, cor Monroe av and Farrar st. 



DIRECTORY. 85 

'Charles Thomas, chair maker, b J W Woolsey. 

Chappee Benj'n, (colored) waiter. Lamed e Beaubien st. 

Champ Nathaniel P, prop Railroad Temperahce Hotel cor Mich- 
igan and Washington avs. 

Champ William, delivery agent C R R Depot, b R R Temper- 
ance Hotel. 

Chase Thomas, b National Hotel. 

Chase fe Cargill dry goods, Wood'd n Jeff av. 

Chase Elisha, Michigan Grand av e Bates st. 

Chase John M, clerk Aud Gen Office, b P C Higgins. 

Chase John M, dealer, Farrar n Grand River st. 

Chase John, cabinetmaker, b Thos Cranage. 

Chester John, forwarding merchant, foot Bates st, rcor Fort and 
Cass St. 

Chittenden William F, sup machinery C Railroad, r Wood'd av 
n Military square. 

Chittenden William, do do 

Chipman Henry, JefFav e Beaubien st. 

Chilson Cummin, laborer, C Railroad Depot. 

Chope Edward, (Long &. Chope) Congress e Brush st. 

Chope Alexander, blacksmith cor Lamed and Randolph sts, r Lar- 
ned e Brush st. 

Chope Robert, blacksmith b Alex Chope. 

Christian Thomas, accountant Daily Advertiser Office, r Lafay- 
ette w Cass st. 

Christian M P, printer Beaubien n Montcalm st. 

Christian Joseph, Columbia w Park st. 

Christian Herald, (O S GuUey proprietor) cor Jeff and Woodward 
avs. 

Christie Joseph, carpenter, Woodbridge e Beaubien st, 

Chrysler William, wood turner, Woodbridge w Beaubien st. 

Churchill Marcellus C, clerk H D Garrison. 

Church Horatio N, book keeper Charles Howard & Co, r Wales' 
Hotel. 

Church Elijah M, Adams av w Clifford st. 

Chubb Alonzo,b H P Hoag. 

Cicotte Edward V. inspector of provisions,cor Beaubien andCon- 



Cicotte James J, constable. Fort e Antoine st. 
Cicotte Francis, Congress e BeBubien st. 
Cicotte John B, dentist, Jeff av e Bates st, r Francis Cicotte. 
Cicotte James, Franklin w Beaubien st. 
Clairoux Louis D, grocery, Hastings n Congress st. 
Clancey George, Justice of the Peace, Larned w Cass st. 
Clayton Alexander, fireman, Clifford st near Washington av. 
Clarke Dr T B, physician and drug store. Woodward n Jefferson 
av, b John McReynolds. 



86 DETROIT 

Clarke Cornelius, livery stables, Randolph n Lamed st, 

Clarke Justus W, Randolph n Gratiot st. 

Clarke William H, do do 

Clark Agur E, Larned w Cass st. 

Clark k> Parker, drv goods &.c, Jefferson av w Shelby st. 

Clark William H, Shelby n Larned st. 

Clark George A, do do 

Clark Cyrus B, tailor^ cor Second and Abbott sts. 

Clark Eliphalet M, surgeon, Larned e Beaubien st. 

Clark Albert, clerk int imp office, b National Hotel. 

Clark Walter W, Machinist, Second n Congresfc st. 

Clark William, fireman, Michigan av w Shelby st. 

Clark James, engineer, b William Clark. 

Clark Benj, inspector provisions, Woodbridge e Beaubien st. 

Clark James, carpenter, b John Blairs grocery. 

Clark Daniel S, cor Michigan av and Cass st. 

Claus Jacob, button maker, Macomb e Russell st. 

Clay William, hair dresser, Military Square, r Woodward av n 

State St. 
Clement Samuel, turner, Randolph n Fort st. 
Clear William B, billiards, cor Jefferson av and Shelby st. 
Clinton Marcellus, joiner, Gratiot w Hastings st. 
Clitz William F, clerk John Owen k. Co. 
Clump Erasmus, butcher, b W Thompson's Hotel. 
Coats Harry, sawyer, Eagle Steam Mill. 
Cobb Dr H P, office Jefferson av near Wales' Hotel, r Jefterson 

av e Rivard st. 
Cobb Lucretius, do do 

Cobb Joseph, shoe maker, cor Grand River st and Macomb av. 
Cobb Joseph jr, do 'do 

Cobb Josiah, farmer, n State' st. 

Coe h Coit, exchange brokers, Woodward n Jefferson av. 
Coe Israel, b National Hotel. 
Coe R A, clerk Watkins & Bissell. 
Coggeshall Josiah, druggist and grocer, Jefferson av opposite 

Farmers k. Mechanics Bank, r Woodward av n State st. 
Coggeshall Charles H, do do 
Coghlan Daniel, butcher, Griswold st near the Capitol. 
Coghlan Thomas, laborer, Hastings n Congress st. 
Coghlan Thomas, carpenter, Larned w Wayne st. 
Cohen Frederick, portrait painter, office Drew's block Jefferson 

avenue, b Mrs Dean. 
Coit Samuel, (Coe k Coit,) Jefferson av e Rivard st. 
Collinson John, mill stone maker, John Webster. 
Collins Thomas, tanner, Atwater e Rivard st. 
Collins John, Pine w Rivard st. 
Collins Hugh, Howard w First st. 



DIRECTORY. 87 

Collins James, book keeper B B Kercheval &. Co, do do 

Collins John, drayman, do do 

Collins Charles, clerk, do do 

Colvin Daniel, ostler, J B Long's livery stable. 

Cole Mrs H S Larned e Brush st. 

Cole Chas, law student do do 

Cole Augustus, clerk, do do 

Cole James A, (Williams k. Cole,) Springwells. 

Cole William F, painter, Lafayette w Griswold st. 

Cole James, mason, Brush n Fort st. 

Cole Abraham, ostler, W Moore's livery stables. 

Cole William, laborer, Theodore H. Eaton. 

Commercial Hotel, (John Murray proprietor,) cor Woodbridge 

and Second sts. 
Common George, tailor, Jefferson av near Bates st, r Larned e 

Beaubien st. 
C onaughton Patrick, laborer, Larned st w Woodward av. 
Conkling James K, silversmith, b George Doty. 
Conkling William H, cabinet maker, b Railroad Hotel. 
Conkling Edwin M, carpenter, Woodbridge w Hastings st. 
Connelly Patrick, laborer, Larned e Bates st. 
Conner widow, Woodbridge e Hastings. 
Conner Andrew, do do 

Conner Richard J, Monroe av w Farmer st. 
Connay Patrick, stone cutter, Woodbridge e Beaubien st. 
Connay Christopher, shoe maker, Jjafayette e Beaubien st. 
Condon John, soap maker, cor Franklin and Antoine sts. 
Condon Joseph, carpenter, Cass n Lafayette st. 
Conger Williamson, carpenter, b Eri Benedict. 
Conlan Michael, drayman, Columbia w Withereli st. 
Conrad Bernard, Fort w Russell st. 
Cooper George B, State Treasurer, office state buildings, Gris- 

wo'd st, b National Hotel. 
Cooper Gage M, engineer, cor Adams av and Clifford st. 
Cooper David, Michigan Grand av. 
Cooper George, do do 

Coombs George, keeper of the Capitol. 

Coombs Alonzo F, church sexton. Woodward av n John R st, 
Coody William, carpenter. Brush st n Berthelet alley. 
Cook' Mrs O, Larned w Shelby st. 
Cook William D, artist, Lafayette w Shelby st. 
Cook James H, trader. Congress e Beaubien st. 
Cook Abraham, Atwater e Riopelle st. 
Cook PhilormoD, clerk int imp office, b George Saunders. 
Cook Edwin, tanner, Jefferson av w Rivard st. 
Cook William A, law student, b Chas M Howard. 
Cook Levi cor Shelby and Congress st. 



38 DETROir 

Cook Paul, sawyer, Eagle Steam Mill. 

Cook k, Burns dry goods, Jefferson av w Grisvvold st. 

Cook Olney, Lafayette w Shelby st. 

Cook Philip, drayman, Beaubien s Clinton st. 

Cood Edward, warehouse man, G Williams &c Co. 

Copland John, baker, cor Randolph and Woodbridge sts-. 

Copper Peter, (colored,) laborer, clinton e Antoine st. 

Copp Anthony, baker, George Weber. 

Coquilard Thomas, mason, Farmer st opposite Jail. 

Coquilard Augustus, mason, Farrar n Grand River st. 

Coquilard Nicholas, carpenter, cor First and Abbott st. 

Cornfield John, grocery, Atwater st w Shelby st. 

Cornfield William, do do 

Cornfield Edward, grocery, Woodbridge e Shelby st. 

Corcoran Bartlett, drayman, b Morgan Bates. 

Cornell Mrs, select school, Congress st opposite second Metho- 
dist church. 

Corbet Daniel, currier, Franklin w Rivard st. 

Corson Aaron, sawyer, Franklin e Antoine st. 

Corns Joseph, cabinet maker, Grand River st w Maconib av. 

Cork Peter, laborer, Catharine nr Orleans st. 

Coston William, ship joiner, Jeff av e Cass st. 

Coulter Mrs, boarding house, Larned w Griswold st. 

Coulter William, do do 

Coulter Joseph, do do 

Couteau Louis, cor Lafayette and Riopelle sts. 

Couse Adam, music saloon, Jeff av opposite Mich Exchange. 

Covert Isaac, carpenter, Columbia w Beaubien st. 

Cowles Noah, (Johnson & Cowles,) b W W Johnson. 

Cowie William, machinist, at^Kendrick k. Co. 

Coxe Alfred, grocer and druggist, Jeff av w Griswold st. 

Coxe Joseph C, clerk, N T Ludden. 

Coyle Edward, shoe maker, Woodbridge e Shelby st. 

Coyl William C, grocery, cor Military sqr and Woodward av. 

Crandell Ira D, carpenter, cor Woodward av and John R st. 

Crawford Daniel, Griswold n Larned st. 

Crawley A R, b Walter W Clark. 

Cranage Thomas, boarding house, Shelby n Larned st. 

Crashaw Jesse, carpenter, Howard w Cass st. 

Cramer Antoine, laborer, Franklin e Hastings st. 

Cramer William, carpenter, Fort e Hastings st. 

Crary Denison, (Littlejohn &, Crary) b David Thompson. 

Crary Alonzo, agent Pontiac R R, b Railroad Hotel. 

Grain William M. (Hyde St Grain,) Franklin e Hastings st. 

Crane Albert, law office, Drew's block Jeff av, bMich Enchange, 

Crane James G, hatter, Woodward av n Jeff av, r Larned e An- 
toine St. 



DIRECTORY. 89 

Cramb James, carpenter, Beaubien s V/oodbridge st. 

Crabb George, carpenter, Jeff av e Bates st, 

Crabb James, First n Congress st. 

Crate Peter, carpenter, Macomb e Beaubien st. 

Cram Lawrence, mason, Macomb e Beaubien st. . 

Cram James, carpenter, do do 

Cram Walter, clerk, Beecher &, Abbot, b W Moores. 

Creed James, ostler. Railroad Hotel. 

Crecy Robert, shoemaker, cor Congress and Brush sts. 

Crimmins Michael, shoemaker, cor Mich av and Shelby st. 

Cromwell Elias C, (Reeve fc Co,) b National Hotel. 

Crossman George D, dry goods, Jeff av w Bates st, r Jefferson 

av e Rivard st. 
Crowther Thomas, tailor, Mich av opposite Central R R Depot. 
Cromhflrn Peter, laborer, Macomb e Antoine st. 
Crowley James, carpenter, Cass n Lafayette st. 
Crowley Jeiry, bar keeper, Whipple's Coffee House. 
Crowley Michael, cor Fort and Fourth sts. 
Crowley John, mason, Franklin w Hastings st. 
Cronan Joseph, tailor, at John Ask. 
Gronan Daniel, cor Atwater and Brush sts. 
Crones Joseph, grocery, cor Fort and Hastings sts. 
Crough Patrick, laborer, Congress e Rivard st. 
Cruwell Frederick, goldsmith, Robbins k Hubbard. 
Cruise John, clerk, b Hugh O'Beirne. 
Cunningham Barney, laborer, b Mrs Flanigan. 
Cumings Thomas R, dept'y Sec State, b National Hotel. 
Curtis George C, select school, cor Mich av and Griswold st. 
Curtis William, shoemaker, Congress e Hastings st. 
Curtis David, carpenter, b Gage M Cooper. 
Curry William R, carpenter, cor Randolph and Lafayette sts. 
Cusson Augustus, pattern maker, Macomb e Brush st. 
Gushing Charles L, clerk, b J Watkins. ^ 

Custom House, Griswold st below Jeff av. 

D. 

Dahmer John, cabinet maker. Bates n Congress st. 
Dahmer George, do do 

Daily John, clerk P O, Randolph n Gratiot st. 
Daly Daniel, drayman, Larned w Cass st. 
Daly Daniel, grocery, cor Michigan av and Griswold st. 
Daly Cornelius, laborer, Clinton e Beaubien st. 
X)aly John, teamster, cor Monroe av and Randolph sts. 
Damm John A, tavern, cor Croghan and Hastings sts. 
Damm Henry, carpenter, Lafayette e Rivard st. 
Danahey Michael, Woodward av n Congress st. 



90 DETROIT 

Dan forth Joseph M, clerk Geo D Grossman. 

Dany Daniel, waiter, Hon Lewis Cass. 

Darbing William, laborer, Fort e Beaubien st. 

Darey James H, shoemaker. State w Beaubien st. 

Davenport widow, Wash n Mich avs. 

Davenport Charles, clerk, ' do 

Davidson Alexander, law office, Drews Block Jeff av, r cor Jeff 
av and Antoine st. 

David Alexander, drayman, Dequindre farm, n Catherine st. 

Davis S &. Co, brass founders, Batea st, nearly opposite Irish 

church. 

Davis Solomon, cor Bates and Farmer st. 

Davis k. Mead, painters, Jeff av w Shelby st. 

Davis Caleb F, cor Congress and Hastings st. ^ 

Davis Bradley B, Hotel, cor Bates and Atwater sts. m 

Davis John M, mason, Croghan e Antoine st. 

Davis Joseph, painter, Griswold n Atwater st. 

Davis Wilson, saddler, b Railroad Hotel. 

Davis Frrnklin, laborer, b W Ryder. 

Davie George, clerk, A H Newbould, r Congress e Beaubien st. 

Dayton Sa'bine, victualling, Atwater w Griswold st. 

Daj', Capt U S Army, cor Congress and Rivard sts. 

Dean Mrs. boarding house, Shelby st n Jeff av. 

Dean John, clerk, A Coxe, r cor Washington av and Clifford st. 

Decoster Peter, organist French church, r cor Congress and Ri- 
vard sts. 

Decker John, laborer, Lafayette e Riopelle sts. 

Decker William, laborer, Bates n Woodbridge st. 

Davis William, milk and cream, Congress w Cassst. 

Dederick John, laborer, Clinton, e Beaubien st, 

DeGarant k, Cicotte, dyers, Fort e Antoine st. 

DeGraff Harmon, hardware, cor Wood av and Lamed sts, r Fort 
w Shelby st. 

Delisle Anthony, cooper, Franklin e Antoine st. 

Delisle Newell, laborer, b Charles N Delisle. 

Delisle Oliver, baker, J Fillion. 

Delude Moses, lawyer, Franklin e Riopelle st. 

Delmas Augustus A, clerk. Fort e Hastings st. 

Deleau Oliver, Macomb nr Hastings st. 

Delany Frisby, (colored) blacksmith, cor Macomb and Rivard st. 

Benebarker Joseph, cor Woodbridge and Beaubien sts. 

Denniss William, drayman, Larned e Brush st. 

Deneke Frederick, furniture warehouse, cor Brush and Atwater 
sts, r Franklin e Rivard st. 

Dequindre Henry P, clerk, Moore k, Bradford; b P J Desnoyers. 

Dequindre Theodore, painter, b Josiah Cobb. 



J51RECT0RY. 9t " 

Dermont Robert, druggist and grocer, Wood av n Congress st, r 
cor State and Farmer st. 

Derasse Leonide, tailor, Jeff av e Brush st. 

De Schryver Joseph, tailor, Macomb e Russell st. 

Desnoyers Peter J, cor Larned and Griswold sts. 

Desnoyers Peter, dry-goods &:c, Jeff av e Shelby st r cor An- 
toine and Congress sts. 

Desnoyers Dr Edmund G. drug store. Woodward av below Jeff 

av, b Peter Desnoyers. 

Desnoyers Charles R, (Gillet &. Desnoyers,) cor military square 
and Fort st. 

Desgat Frederick, tailor, cor Croghan and Rivard sts. 

Desha Timothy, mariner, Franklin e Riopelle st, 

DetroilCity Mills, Noah Sutton, cor Larned and Second sts. 

Detrait Engine Company, cor Larned and Fourth sts. 

Detroit Brewery, First n Larned st. 

Devereux Pefer, laborer, Gratiot e Russell st. 

Deville John, tailor, Croghan e Antoine st. 

Deville Nicholas, tailor, at L Derasse. 

Deville Christopher, tailor, do 

Devvhirst John, farmer Cass farm,Grand River st. 

Dexter^ames, capenter, b Grand River House. 

Dibble Orville B, Jeff av e Antoine st, 

Dibble Charles L, do 

Dickinson Moses F, tin and copper ware, law buildings Wood- 
ward av, r I^afayette w Shelby st. 

Dickinson Luther, blacksmith, b Lake House. 

Dickson Winser, Randolph n Berthelet market. 

Dietzal Kaspar, Clinton w Orleans st. 

Diepel Ludvvicke, cabinet maket, Stevens k, Zug. 

Diesh John, laborer, Lafayette e Rivard st. 

Dietz Jacob, mason, Clinton w Hastings st. ^ 

Dillen Rev, Bishop's house, Randolph st. 

Dimond John, shoe store. Woodward av near Woodbridge st. 

Dinnen Patrick, laborer, Larned w Wayne st. 

Dindel Henry, shoemaker, cor Woodbridge and Griswold st, b 
Eagle Tavern. 

Dings Levi, driver, Michigan Exchange. 

Dixon John E, ship joiner, cor Front and Fourth st, r Larned w 
Shelby st. 

Dixon John, fruitery, river side, near old ferry. 

Dix James, porter at Reuben Town. 

Dodge Lewis, Michigan av w Griswold st. 

Dodge Alexander H, carpenter. Woodward av n Military Square. 

Dogherty Dennis, boiler maker. Woodward av n John R st. 

Dogherty Cornelius, laborer, Lafayette e Antoine st. 

Dollarson Wm, (colored,) drayman, cor Clinton and Orleans sts. 



92 DETROIT 

Dollar William B, b A C McFarlane. 

Dolsen Levi E, tanner, Atwater e Rivard 8t. 

Dolan William, laborer, Franklin near Riopelle st. 

Dolan John, laborer, Franklin e Hastings st. 

Dolan Andrew, laborer, Franklin w Riopelle st. 

Doll Sebastian, brush maker, MuUett e Orleans st. 

Donaldson John, blacksmith, b M Kempf. 

Donnelly Dr E B, Jefferson av e Beaubien st. 

Donnelly Peter, laborer, Adams av w Park st. 

Donnelly Daniel, shoe maker, Macomb av n Grand River st. 

Doolittle James, baker, Larned \v Griswold st. 

Dooley Patrick, laborer, Michigan av w First st, 

Dorsey William, porter Barney's Hotel. 

Doran Michael, laborer, Adams av \v Park st. ^ 

Doran Michael, carpenter, b Railroad Exchange. ^ 

Dorry John, laborer, Franklin e Hastings st. ^ 

Dorr, Webb k, Co, forwarding merchants, foot Cass st. 

Dorr Josiah R, Wayne street n Jefferson av. 

Dorr George, (Kendrick k, Co,) b Josiah R Dorr. 

Doty Mrs, cor Monroe av and Farmer st. 

Doty George, watch maker, Jefferson av e Bates st, r Congress 
e Brush st. , 

Doty Henry, auction store, Woodward n Jefferson av, r cor La- 
fayette and Cass st. 

Doty William P, clerk, do do 

Doty John, mason, Clinton e Brush st. 

Dougherty Michael, upholster, J3ates s Woodbridge st. 

Douglass Samuel T, law office, cor Jeff" a Wood av, b Hastings. 

Douglass Elihu, whip maker, Pine e Hastings st. 

Dowling Edwin, carpenter, b George Egner. 

Dowling William, ball alley, Monroe av. 

Downer John A, carpenter, b Eri Benedict. 

D(fwney Erastus, tailor, b Thos Cranage. 

Downing John M, laborer, Macomb av nr Grand River st. 

Doyle Edward, clerk, b Israel Noble. 

Doyle Michael, tailor, foot Randolph st. 

Doyle Mahael, laborer, Beaubien nr Lafayetteo st. 

Draning William, joiner, cor Beaubien and Franklin sts. 

Draning William, Beaubien n Atwater st. 

Drew John, cor Lafayette and Cass st. 

Driscol James, cor Fort and Fourth sts. 

Driscol Jerry, drayman, do do 

Drieser George, Lafayette e Rivard st. 

Driggs William, (Macy k, Driggs) b Mrs Hale. 

Drummond Timothy, tailor, Atwater e Bates st. 

Drury N S, portrait painter, b Commercial Hotel. 

Drury Widow, Woodbridge w Beaubien st. 



DIRECTORY. 93 

Dubois William L, clerk, r Michigan av w Shelby st. 
Dubois Charles, clerk, Gray &i Lewis b A C McFarlane. 
Dubois John, tailor, Cro^han e Rivard st. 
Ducharme Charles, clerk, A H Newbould b D VVMpple. 
Ducharmo Louis, clerk, A H Newbould b D Whipple. 
Dudgeon Anthony, (Brewster k> Dudgeon) r Congress vv Second 

St. 

Duffield Rev George, Witherell st n Columbia st. 

DutBeld D Bethune, (Lothrop k, Duffield,) b Rev George Duf- 
field. 

Duffield William A, do do 

Dufrane Anthony D, chandler, Rivard n Congres- st. 

Dufrane Alfred, chandler, Rivard n Lamed st. 

Dugra Hubert, carpenter, cor Abbott and Second sts. 

Dulea Maurice, laborer, Atwater w Brush st. 

Dunmawi Eli, Farmer nr Bates st. 

Dunbatke John, carpenter, Beaubien n Congress st. 

Dun ivan John, .laborer, cor Atwater and Brush sts. 

Dunning Daniel, cor Fort and Cass sts. 

Duncan Arad, (Davis &, Co,) r Springwells. 

Duncan Samuel C, shoe store, military square. 

Duncan William, saddler, b United States Hotel, 

Dunn James G, gunsmith, Abbott w Cass st. 

Dunn Arthur, carpenter, b P McDonald. 

Dunn William, carpenter. Fort e Randolph st. 

Dunn Phillip, cartman, cor Croghan and Orleans sts. 

Dupont Charles, wagon maker, Franklin e Beaubien st. 

Dupont Louis, tailor, Jefferson av e Randolph st. 

Dupont Leoni, laborer, Mullett nr Rivard st. 

Dupay Peter, cooper, Theresa alley Atwater st. 

Dupay Francis, cooper, Atwater e Brush st. 

Dupay Antoine, laborer. Pine e Hasting st. 

Dupay Edward, lime burner, Antoine nr Atwater st. 

Dupay Antoine, lime burner, do do 

Durham William N, clerk George Grossman. 

Durell William, tinsmith, Croghan e Antoine st. 

Dushane Francis, laborer. Fort w Hastings st. 

Dusty Edward, mariner, Atwater e Brush st. 

Dutton William, saddler, b U S Hotel. 

Duya Godfrey, carpenter, Gratiot w Antoine st. 

Dwight Alfred A, (Smith k Dwight,) cor Woodward av and 
Grand River sts. 

Dwyer Denis, teacher, Rivard n Larned st. 

Dygert Mrs, State e Woodward av. 

Dygert Kinston, do do 

Dygert Isaac S S, printer, do 



94 DETROIT 

E. 

Eastwood John, St Vincent's hospital. 

Eaton Theo H, wholesale grocer cor, Jeff av and Randolph st, 

r Jeffav e Rivard st. 
Eberstein George, shoe maker, b Mrs Riebels. 
Eckert Joseph, boot maker, Jeffav nr Randolph st- 
Edgerton Oliver N, clerk O Newberry. 
Edwards John, proprietor old ferry house, foot Griswold st. 
Edwards Arthur, master mariner, b Rev J. Harrison. 
Edwards William R, b Harmon DeGraff. 
Edmonds Thomas B, b Wales' Hotel. 
Edson Alexander B, painter. State st e Woodward av. 
Egner George, confectioner, Jeff av e Bates st, r Monroe av nr 

Farrar st. 
Ege Dr, cor Jeffav and Bates st, b Wales' Hotel. * 

Eisenach Henry, tailor, Bates st s Jeffav. • 

Eklif Charles H, carpenter, Randolph n Gratiot st. 
Eklif John, blacksmith, b John Patton. 
Elbert J Nicholson, forwarding merchant, foot Randolph st, r 

cor Jeff av and Rivard st. 
Eldred k. Co, leather store, Jeffav vv Woodward av. 
Eldred Elisha, Monroe av nr Farmer st. 
Eldred Francis E, cor Rivard and Woodbridge sts. 
Eldred Julius, Congress w Brush st. 
Eliconden William, bar-keeper Railroad Hotel. 
Elliott Mrs, Congress e Beaubien st. 

RUiott Richard R, clerk John Palmer h Co, b Mrs Elliott. 
Elliott J W, wagon-maker, b Grand River House. 
Elliott John, sawyer, Macomb w Russell st. 
Elliott David, laborer, Theresa alley, Atwater st. 
Elliott Francis, caulker, b W Thompson's Hotel. 
Ellis John, M D, HomoBpathist, office cor Woodward av and 

Congress st, b Barney's Hotel. 
Ellis Edward D, printer. Congress st e Woodward av, r Fort e 

Randolph st. 
Ellis William, laborer, b John Willett. 
Elmer Aaron W, machinist. Farmer n Grand River st. 
Else Henry, tailor, Farrar st nr Monroe av. 
Emerson Curtis, office Drew's block, Jeffav. 
Emmons Halmer H, (Van Dyke &. Emmons,) Hamtramck. 
Emmons Jed P C, b H H Emmons. 
Emmons Frederick A, clerk Moore h Bradford. 
Engelhardt Peter, laborer,! Antoine nr Atwater st.- 
Ensworth David A A, law office, Desnoyer's block, Jeff av, r 

Jeffav e Brush st. 



DIRECTORY,. 95 

iinsworth Geo, clerk, b Mansion House. 
Ensign Levi W, clerk G F Lewis. 
Ensig-n Lewis, car-smith, Adams av w Witherell St. 
Enterhelp Joseph, laborer, Macomb w Hastings st. 
Erskine Mrs, Congress w First st. 
Esdell Mrs, boarding house, Woodbridge e Bates st. 
Esdell Alexander, tinsmith, do 

Esdeil David, tinsmith, Elizabeth w Witherell st. 
Esdell John, baker, Franklin w Hastings st. 
Evarts John, moulder, cor Porter and Third st. 
Evans Richard, master mariner, b Mrs. Coulter. 
Evans Archibald, laborer, Beaubien n Atvvater st. 
Everard John M, painter, corner Miami av and John R st. 
Evers Barnard, laborer, Atwater e Hastings st. 
Ewers Alvah, cooperage, cor Cass and Lamed sts, r Shelby st n 
n Jefferson av. 

F. 

Fapy John G, clerk J W Strong, r Congress e Randolph st. 

Fairbanks John D, clerk P Hayden, b Mrs Coulter. 

Fairbairn Thomas, stone cutter, Lafayette e Antoinest. 

Fairbairn James, carpenter. Fort e Antoine st. 

Fair Bernard, carpenter, Franklin w Beaubisn st. 

Falkenberg Antoine, chairmaker, Macomb e Beaubien st, 

Falhahy Thomas, laborer, cor Congress and Third st. 

Fallin Luke, laborer, cor Wayne and Larned st. 

Falby Daniel, laborer, b J Moynahan. 

Faltz Michael, turner, Vail k Co. 

Fales Timothy, farmer, Witherell st. 

Fales William, butcher. D Coghlan. 

Farnsworth J H, dentist, office Jeff av e Woodward av, r Ham- 

tramck. 
Farnsworth Elon, Law ofBce, Jeff av over Farmers &, Mechanics 

Bank, r Jeff av nr Rivard st. 
Farnsworth Benj S, prop Mansion House. 
Farnsworth &. Fuller, cofnin makers and carpenters, Woodbridge 

st opposite U S Hotel. 
Farnsworth Roswell M, Larned w Griswold st. 
Farnsworth Ebenezer R, r cor Harriet and Brush sts. 
Farnsworth Lewis L, b Eben R Farnsworth. 
Farnsworth Horace, carpenter, Clifford st e Macomb av. 
Farewell John, engineer, Jeff av e Wayne st. 
Earrand Jacob S, druggist and grocer, Woodward s Jeff av, r 

State st e Woodward av. 
Farmer John, cor Farmer stand Monroe av. 
Farrar John, cor Bates and Farrar si. 



^6 DETROIT 

Farlin Charles E, book-keeper O Newberry, b National HoteK 

Farr B S, mason, b Indiana House. 

Fast John, Mullet e Rivard st, 

Faucett Peter, veterinary surgeon, b John Woods. 

Fearson Georore, master mariner, Franklin e Beaubien st. 

Feely Daniel, laborer, Larned w Wayne st. 

Fellhauer Stephen, shoemaker, Woodbridge e Griswold st. 

Feldiar Bernard, mason, Croghan e Riopelle st, 

Feltman Henry, b Lake House. 

Felch His Excellency Alpheus, governor of Micigan, office the 

capitol, b National Hotel. 
Fenton James, clerk Dr T B Clark, r Beaubien n Croghan st. 
Fergusson Joseph, shoemaker, cor Washington av and Clifford st. 
Fergusson Robert, waiter, D Dunnings. 
Fergusson Daniel, B A McKay. 
Fergusson Robert, laborer, C R R depot. 
Fergusson Eralzy, laborer, do do 
Ferrier Philo, millwright. Grand River e Farmer st. 
Fernan Joseph, cooper, Theresa alley, Atwaler st. 
Ferris Dr, Woodbridge e Bates st. 
Ferris Philip, carpenter, b George Crabb's. 
Fesar Sebastian, carpenter, Adams av e Grand Circus. 
Field Orus, Washington av n State st. 
Field Louis, Atwater e Beaubien st. 
Field Moses W, clerk, Moore h Bradford. 
Field George, clerk. Auditor Gen office, b Barney's Hotel. 
Fifer Ferdinand, laborer, cor Macomb and Antome sts. 
Fife William, porter. Eagle Tavern. 
Fillion John, baker, Larned e Brush st. 
Finehart Isaac, mason, Franklin near Antoine st. 
Finister Jonah, painter, cor Miami av and John R st. 
Finister John, laborer, Witherell st. 
Finister George, clerk, Geo M Rich. 
Findlay John, joiner, b widow Scanlan. 
Finney Seymour, Franklin House. 

Firby John k, Co, soap and candle factory, Atwater e Brush st. 
Fischer P k, W, importers of watches he, Woodward av below 

Hallock's store. 
Fischer Peter, JefTerson av e Orleans st. 
Fischer William, do do 

Fisher Mrs, cor Beaubien and Franklin sts. 
Fisher Elam, mason, Adams av e Grand Circus. 
Fisher Maxwell, mason, cor Miami av and John R st. 
Fisher William, mason, Macomb av near Cliffisrd st. 
Fisher James, carpenter, Washington av n Grand River st. 

Fisher , laborer, Clinton w Hastings st. 

Fiske &6 Wilder, scale makers, cor Randolph &. Woodbridge sts. 



DIRECTORY. 97 

Fiske David W, cor Woodward av and State st. 

Fish Albert A^ grocer, Woodward av nr At water st, r cor Ma- 
comb and Brush sts. 

Fitzpatrick Williamj mason, Congress e Hastings st. 

Fitzpatrick Roger, brewer, cor Larned and First sts. 

Fitzpatrick John, shoemaker, Abbott w Second st, 

Fitzpatrick Dennis, cor Larned and Rivard sts. 

Fitzpatrick Thomas, fruitery, Monroe av. 

Fitzgerald Patrick, laborer. Porter w Third st, 

Fitzgerald William, laborer, do do 

Fitzmoriss Mrs, Woodbridge e Bates st. 

Fitzmoriss Nicholas, boiler maker, do do 

Fitzmoriss Pierce, machinist, cor Howard and First sts. 

Fitzmoriss James E, do do 

Fitzmoriss Patrick, moulder, First n Howard st. 

Filch William L, machinist, b W Thompson's Hotel. 

Fitch William B, machinist, b Walter W Clark. 

Flattery k, Co, furniture warehouse. Wood av s Woodbridge st. 

Flattery John, Larned w Cass st. 

Flattery Denis, do do 

Flattery Neil, do do 

Flattery James, do do 

Flattery William, Congress w Rivard st. 

Flanegan Hugh, shoemaker, Monroe av. 

Flanegan Mrs, grocery, Atwater st e Wood av. 

Flinn Hugh, carpenter. Farmer n Grand River st. 

Flower James, finisher, b F Nicholson. 

Flower William C, painter, b Mansion House. 

Flood Charles B, b A S Bagg. 

Fluext Thomas, shoemaker, Michigan w Washington av. 

Foester Jacob, grocery, cor Franklin and Antoine sts. 

Fogul Bernard, tailor, Brush n Gratiot st. 

Foisie Augustus F, drayman, Catharine nr Orleans st. 

Foote George, (F Moore &, Co,)Jeif av e Beaubien st. 

Forsyth Robert A, register U States Land Office, r Third n 
Congres st. 

Forsyth John, laborer, Franklin e Riopelle st. 

Forsyth Frederick, ostler, J B Long's livery stable. 

Forman Anthony, carpenter, Lafayette e Russell st. 

Forbes Thomas, wagon maker, b Thomas Trask. 

Fortier Peter, carpenter, Franklin e Hastings st. 

Ford D F, painter, b B B Davis. 

Ford Peter,'Union tavern, cor Front and First sts. 

Ford Richard, do do 

Ford John, do do 

Foster , merchant, Wales' Hotel. 

Foster Alexander M, clerk, b Rev James Inglis. 
9 



98 DETROIT 

Foster Michael, boiler maker, A Walcot's. 

Foster John, ship joiner, cor Lafayette and Third sts. 

Foster Denis, painter, b I Noble, 

Foster Thomas, chair maker, Antoine n Larned St. 

Foster Cyrus, turner, b Grand River House. 

Fose John, laborer, Franklin e Hastings st. 

Fournier John, joiner, Fort e Hastings st. 

Fountain Louis, laborer, Gratiot vv Hastings st. 

Fourth Ward House, Franklin e Hastings st. 

Fowler Stephen, select school, cor Michigan av and Griswold st. 

Fowler Smith VV, shoemaker, b Indiana House. 

Fox R, blacksmith. Congress w Bates st, r Brush n Gratiot st. 

Fox Mortimer L, clerk, b I Noble. 

Fox Alva, sawyer. Eagle Steam Mill. i 

Fraser Alexander D, law office, Drew's block, Jefferson av, r'cor 

Jefferson av and Antoine st. 
Fraser George, accountant, Randolph n Fort st. 
Fraser Thomas, Michigan near Washington avs. 
Frank Martin, joiner, Franklin e Rivard st. 
Franz Philip, b Mrs Balch. 

Frederick Andreas, cabinet maker, Croghan w Antoine st. 
Freedman Solomon, fancy and staple dry goods, Jefferson av e 

Bates St. 
Freeman George L, printer, b Barney's Hotel. 
Freeman David, constable, cor Jefferson av and Brush st. 
French Newell, Hastings s Woodbridge st. 
French David, cor Congress and Brush st, 
Fritz Charles, laborer, Croghan e Orleans st. 
Frink Oliver S, book-keeper, W Noyes jr. b W Parker. 
Fromviller Louis, coppersmith. Fort w Brush st. 
Fronroid John, laborer. Fort e Beaubien st. 
Frost George S, clerk, Sur Gen office, b A Sheley. 
Frost Eugene, clerk, Hiram Lyon. 
Fuery James, laborer. Central Railroad. 
Fuery Mrs, provisions, Michigan av. 
Fuhrman Antoine, cabinet maker, Stevens &, Zug. 
Fulman John, laborer, Fort^ Hastings st. 
Fuller Lucius, clerk, cor Co/igress and Shelby st. 
Fuller Al1)ert G, carpentei^ Cass n Lafayette st. 
Furnett Antoine, caulker, Pine e Hastings st. 

G. 

Gadwa Augustus, Griswold st near the Capitol. 
Gagnier Ganver, cooper, Gratiot w Rivard st. 
Gagnier Caspar, do 
Gagnier Dorick, Congress e Riopelle st. 



DIRECTORY. 99 

Gagnier Combe, cooper, Macomb near Hastings st. 

Gagnier Samuel, mason, Franklin e Orleans st. 

Gagnier John, tailor, Franklin w Riopelle st. 

Gagnier Eli, hatter, cor Fraiiklin and Hastings sts. 

Gagnier, E, joiner, b Louis D Clairoux.' 

Gardner Benj C, carpenter, b Israel Noble. 

Gager Charles G,master mariner, Congress w Cass st. 

Gage Morgan L, dep sheriff, Congress e Hastings st. 

Gage Russell, (Hyde &: Gage,) Elizabeth vv Park st. 

Gage Henry, mason, Antoine n Jefferson av. 

Gallagher Thomas, grocery, cor Woodbridge and Griswold sts 

Gallagher James, tailor, Larned w Brush st. 

Gallagher, Edward, tailor, do do 

Gallagher, rope maker, Adams av e Clifford st. 

Galey James, laborer, Larned w Antoine st. 

Gale William, cabinet maker, Woodbridge e Randolph st. 

Garrison Henry D, dry goods &,c, cor Jefferson and Woodwan 
av, r cor Lafayette and Wayne st. 

Garrison John J, groceries. Woodward av n Congress st, r Con- 
gress w Griswold st. 

Garrison Charles O, clerk, Hutchins k, Jenness, b Mrs Dean. 

Garland Mrs, Jefferson av w Riopelle st. 

Gardner Samuel, carpenter, Larned w Second st. 

Garrett Cyrus, printer, Charles Wilcox. 

Gaatly Patrick, laborer, Woodbridge e Wayne st. 

Garmon Anthony, laborer, G k J G Hill. 

Garmon Ignatius, do do 

Garry Edward, do Larned w Wkyne st. 

Gaylord Henry C, engineer, Larned w Cass st. 

Geiger h Co, printers, Jefferson av e Bates st. 

Geiger Martin, Park st north Michigan av. 

Geiger Evert M, printer, b Mr. Saunders, Woodward av. 

Geisse J Henry, (J A Armstrong k, Co,) Fort w Shelby st. 

George P &, J, furriers. Woodward s Jefferson av. 

George Paul, Jefferson av e Beaubien st. 

George John, do do 

Geraughty Arthur, grocery, cor Michigan av and Shelby st. 

Gibbings William, ship joiner. Park st n Michigan av. 

Gibson John, Wayne n Lafayette st. 

Gibson John jr, carriage painter, do do 

Gibson George, supt cars, C R R depot, r Miami av n State st. 

Gibson James, painter, b John Gibson. 

Gibson Nathaniel, (Perin k Gibson,) r Adams av near Clifford st. 

Gibson John A, do do 

Gibson William, joiner, Cass n Lafayette st. 

Gibson Isaac, wagon maker, b W Gibson. 

Gibson Alexander, Woodbridge w Bates st. 



100 DETROIT 

Gibla Mahael, waiter, Eagle Tavern. 

Gibbs George, mill stone maker, Washington av n Clifford st. 

Gies Henry, tavern, Brush n Congress st. 

Gies Peter, grocery, cor Brush and Fort sts. 

Gies Jacob, potter, Croghan e Hastings st. 

Gies John H, printer, do do 

Gies Conrad, carpenter, Macomb e Antoine st. 

Gies Conrad, cor Antoine and Croghan sts. 

Gillespie John, mason. Congress e Randolph st. 

Gilbreth George, laborer. Lamed w Wayne st. 

Gilbert Elijah K, joiner, Jefferson av e Orleans st. 

Gilbert William, mason, Columbia w Park st. 

Gilbert Stephen, cartman, Clifford st, \v Washington av. 

Gilbert John, cor Fort and Brush st. 

Gillet &, Desnoyers, forwarding merchants, foot Shelby st, 

Gillet Reynold, cor Congress and Cass sts. 

Gillet Shadrack, cor Fort and Third sts. 

Girardin Moses, carpenter. Fort e Brush st. 

Girardin Peter N, Atwater e Riopelle st. 

Glass &. Cargill, auction store, Jefferson av e Griswold st. 

Glass Alonzo B, b R W Warner. 

Glover Henry, tailor, Jefferson av w Woodward av, r Woodward 

av n Grand River st. 
Godfrey Jeremiah, (Atkinson k Godfrey,) Jeff av w Shelby st. 
Godfrey George C, blacksmith, Shelby s Jefferson av. 
Godfrey Ballard, blacksmith, b James Hart. 
Godard Abel, cor Fort and Brush st. 

Godwin Thomas, cartman, cor State st and Washington av. 
Goff William S, Machinist, cor Beaubien and Woodbridge sts. 
Gokey Joseph, cor Lafayette and Hastings sts. 
Gokey John, butcher, cor Randolph and Atwater sts. 
Gomo Amer, laborer, Catharine e Riopelle st. 
Goodsell Capt B S, b Commercial Hotel. 
Goodsell Mrs, State st e Woodward av. 

Goodrich Ichabod, groceries, Randolph near second M E church. 
Goodrich Ansel F, b J P True. 

Gooding William, boat builder, Atwater e Beaubien st. 
Goodell Alexander, groceries and provisions, cor Jefferson av and 

Bates st, r Congress e Beaubien st. 
Goodell Elijah, Randolph s Woodbridge st. 
Goodell William, mariner, Atwater w Hastings st. 
Goodnow Daniel, prop Michigan Exchange. 
Goodnow William H, do 

Goodwin Hon Daniel, Judge S«p Court, b Samuel Pitts. 
Goodman John S, Cass s Michigan av. 
Good Roman, mason, Franklin e Hastings st. 
Gordonier Henry, fireman, Michigan av w Shelby st. 
Gordonier George, mariner, Abbott w Second st. 



DIRECTORY. 101 

Gordon Henry W, clerk, Bridge k Lewis. 

Gormon Simon, tailor, Griswold st, r Abbott w Second st, 

Gormen Norris, Adams av near Randolph st. 

Gore Meredith, teacher, Theresa alley, Atwater st. 

Gottlieb Cronenwelt, tailor, b Louis Kunze. 

Gotier Joseph, laborer, Hastings n Lafayette st. 

Gotie Mrs, Larned e Beaubien st. 

Gotie Gabriel, laborer, Catharine e Hastings st. 

Goulets John, laborer. Pine e Hastings st. 

Goula Joseph, Lafayette vv Hastings st. 

Gowdey Samuel, ship joiner, Woodward av n John R st, 

Gravelfin Peter, laborer. Congress e Russell st. 

Graverat Albert, silversmith, r Geo Doty. 

Granger Gordon, Lieut U S army, b Wales' Hotel. 

Granger Edward, carpenter, cor Woodbridge and Orleans sts. 

Granger George, watchman, C R R depot. 

Graham, millwright, A Merrill. 

Granger Joseph, mason, Adams av w Park st. 

Graves J O, b W Moore. 

Graves Benj T, caulker, b Moses Webster. 

Graves Walter, painter, Congress w Third st. 

Graves Horatio, painter, Macomb w Antoine st. 

Graves Horace, painter, Clinton e Beaubien st. 

Grand River House, (M Salter,) cor Grand River and Griswold 

sts. 
Grant John, cor Atwater and Hastings st. 
Gray k Lewis, forwarding merchants, foot Woodward av. 
Gray Horace W, b D Dunning. 
Gray William, law office, law buildings, Woodward av, b Wales' 

Hotel. 
Gray William, carpenter, b Mrs Ayres. 
Gray Hugh, blacksmith, b widow Scanlan. 
Gray Alexr, b W A Henry . 

Gray Hugh, carpenter, cor Harriet and Randolph sts. 
Greenfield John, weighmaster, C R R depot, r Miami av n Grand 

River st. 
Greenwood Godfrey, laborer, Larned w Griswold st. 
Greenwood John, pattern maker, Second near Abbott St. 
Gresharber Bogart, goldsmith, Robbins St Hubbard. 
Greusel Nicholas, Lafayette e Rivard st. 
Greusel Nicholas jr, Wight's Steam Mill, r Franklin e Antoine 

St. 

Greusel Joseph, shoemaker. Congress near Rivard st. 
Green Edward, laborer, Witherellst n Columbia st. 
Green Thomas, carpenter, cor Congress and Hastings sts. 
Green Russell, Elizabeth w Park st. 
Green Allen, carpenter, Elizabeth w Park st. 



102 DETROIT 

Green John, porter, Michigan Exchange. 

Gregg Alexander, carpenter, Farrar n State st, 

Griffiths William, ship joiner, b James Stott. 

Griswold George R, count}- clerk, office cor Congress and Gris- 

wold sts, r Fort e Rivard st. 
Griswold John, dep county plerk, r Congress e Brush st. 
Grinnold Daniel T, select school, Jefferson av w Beaubien st, b 

Mrs O Cook. 
Grierson James, cor Fort and Rivard sts. 
Griffin James, grocery, Woodward av near National Hotel. 
GriffiDr William, ship joiner, b James Stott. 
Griffbr John, engineer, Larned w First st. 
Grist William, proprietor city hay scales, r Brush n Harriet st. 
Grim Christian, tailor, Macomb av w Russell st, 
Grosvenor Benj S, moulder, b Fourth Ward House. 
Grout William, barkeeper. Eagle Tavern. 
Gruner Nicholas, shoemaker, (Mrs Kleins,) Griswold st. 
Gryham Edwin, dry goods, Jefferson av e Griswold st. 
Gubby Charles, tinsmith. Fort e Beaubien st. 
Guinevan Thomas, grocery, Griswold n Atwater st. 
Guile James, jeweller, b Mrs Fisher. 
Gulley Orrin S, printer, Christian Herald office, cor Jefferson and 

Woodward avs, b Morgan Bates. 
Gumilton Thomas, laborer, cor Fort and Third sts. 
Gunn John, laborer, Woodbridge e Beaubien st. 

H. 

HackstaffGeo H, cabinet maker, Woodward av n Congress st, 

Hachen widow, Lafayette w Russell st. 

Hadley George, shoemaker, b Indiana House. 

Hake Joseph, grocery, cor Lafayette and Antoine sts. 

Hake Jacob, laborer, Mullett e Orleans st. 

Hallock k. Raymond, clothing store, cor Jefferson and Woodward 
avs. 

Hallock Horace, Jefferson av opposite Russell st. 

Halpin Michael, laborer, Michigan av w Shelby st. 

Hall Richard H, wholesale and retail grocer, cor Woodward av 
and Congress st^ r Larned e Beaubien st. 

Hall Thomas, farrier and blacksmith, cor Clifford st and Wash- 
ington av. 

Hall Amos T, Dep State Treasurer. 

Hall Dr, Congress e Beaubien st. 

Hall William, farmer, Witherell st. 

Hall. Franklin, pail maker, b J Quackenboss. 

Hall Thomas, mason, Beaubien n Lafayette st. 

Hall Lewis, watch-maker, Jeflferson av, r Lafayette w Wayne st. 

Hall Augustus do do do . 



DIRECTORY. 103! 

Hall William, watch-maker, Jeiferson av, b Barney's Hotel. 

Hall Edward, law student, b Mrs Kittredge. 

Hale William, law office, slate building, Griswold st, r Congress 

w Shelby st. 
Hale Mrs, boarding house. Congress w Griswold st. 
Haly Daniel, shoemaker, Larned w Wayne st. 
Haly John, laborer, Woodbridge e Wayne st. 
Hamilton William C, carpenter, b Mrs Balch. 
Hamilton Palmer, agent, Rowland st n Michigan av. 
Hamilton David, do do 

Hamilton Wilson, carpenter, cor Miami av and State st. 
Hamilton Alfred, grocery, Front w First st. 
Hammond Charles G, collector customs, office custom house, r 

Congress e Brush si. 
Hammond Sereno C, dep col cus, b Rev H L Hammond. 
Hammond Rev H L, cor Congress and Beaubien sts, 
Hammond James, b Mrs Hartwell . 
Hammond Peter, carpenter, Franklin w Riopell st. 

Hammond , goldsmith, b Matthew Kempf. 

Hammeng Nicholas, laborer, cor Larned and Orleans sts. 
Hamlin Alexander, carpenter, Lafayette e Brush st. 
Hangstorfer Jacob, confectioner at Wm. Phelps'. 
Hancock John, Ohio House, cor Woodward av and Woodbridge 

St. 

Hanscom Dudley, clerk A A Fish. 

Hanmer James, Congress w Wayne st. 

Hanmer Massie W, grocery, Michigan av opposite City Hall. 

Hanson Stephen T, master mariner, Randolph n Gratiot st. 

Hanson Stephen, Lafayette e Russell st. 

Hanks Thomas, sausage maker, Randolph nr Berthelet Market. 

Hanley John, {MuUin k, Hanly,) b Mrs. McWilliams. 

Hanna John, tobacconist, foot Bates si. 

Hand George E, law-office, JefFav e Griswold st, b Michigan Ex- 
change. 

Hann George, fur manufacturer, JefFav w Griswold st. 

Hand Peter, Abbott w Third st. 

Hartmeyer Christopher, cor Gratiot and Hastings st. 

Hartgrove Chas G, servant George Kirby. 

Hartwell Mrs, Randolph st, opposite Monroe av. 

Hartwell Thos H, law student, do do 

Harbaugh David E, law-office, Griswold st opposite Custom 
House, r cor JefF av and Brush st. 

Harrison Rev James S, minister of the Bethel Church, r Larned 
w Cass St. 

Harding Fisher A, b Wm. Hale. 

Harwood Ahaz, carpenter, John R st e Woodward av. 

Harland William, butcher, Gratiot w Russell st. 



104 DETROIT 

Hartman Michael, blacksmith, cor Franklin and Hastings!. 

Harina^ Clinton, law-office, Woodward av n Jeff av, b Mrs Hart- 
well 

Haring- George, shoemaker, b Indiana House. 

Harvey Thomas C, printer, b Geo Saunders. 

Harvie &£ Baxter, law-office, Desnoyers' block Jeff av. 

Harvie Andrew, Woodward av n Grand River st. 

Harsha William, printer, b Morgan Bates. 

Harris William, finisher, b F Nicholson. 

Harris Frederick H, Justice Peace, office cor Woodward av and 
Congress st, r State st opposite Capitol. 

Harper Philip, carpenter, Clinton e Antoine st. 

Harmon John H, (Bagg k Harmon,) cor Bates stand Michigan 
Grand av. 

Harmon Robert, printer, b Mrs Fisher. 

Hardy Samuel, carpenter. Woodward av n John R st. 

Hardy S, b Commercial Hotel. 

Hart Noah, cooper, cor Rivard and Congress sts. 

Hart DeWitt C, printer, do do 

Hart James, blacksmith, cor Michigan av and Rowland st. 

Hart James jr, do do 

Hard Abner, teacher, Elizabeth e Williams st. 

Hare John, mason, Beaubien n Gratiot st. 

Harley Thomas, cartman, Berthelet alley w Randolph st. 

Hastings E P k, Co, forwadring mer't, cor Front and Third st. 

Hastings E P, Jeff av e Hastings st. 

Hastings Sam'l C, do do 

Hatcher Jno, blacksmith, b James Hart. 

Hathon A E, city surveyor, office Jeff av, r Fort w First st. 

Hatch Junius H, Larned e Brush st. 

Hatch Henry B, G O Whittemore. 

Hawkins Walter H, clerk Abbot Jk, Beecher, b W Moore. 

Hawkins John, tmsmith, b Mrs Esdell. 

Hawes &. White, exchange brokers, Jeff av e Griswold st. 

Hawes Ebenezer, Grand River st e Woodward av. 

Hayward William, boat builder, W Gooding. 

Hayden P k Co, harness warehouse, Woodward av n Larned st. 

Hayden P h Co, dealers in saddles and hardware, law buildings 
Woodward av. 

Hayes Sutton, carpenter, b J Vaile. 

Hazlewood John, mariner, cor Woodbridge and Brush st. 

Headstrom Elias, cabinet maker, Randolph n Gratiot st. 

Healy John, laborer, Woodbridge e Brush st. 

Healy John jr, clerk Wadleigh k> Co, do 

Heath Joseph C, provision dealer, Lafayette w Griswold st. 

Hedges Charles A, printer, b M Geiger. » 

Heffernan John, laborer, Third s Abbott st. 



DIRECTORY. 105 

Heinlzelman Capt S P, asst qr master U S A.Jeff av vv Riopelle. 
Heilig John, basket raaker, Lafayette w Russell st. 
Helferich Isaac, ship joiner, cor Third and Lamed st. 
Hempstead Charles, shingle maker, b Market Hotel. 
Henderson William, (Bates 4' Co, b Mrs Barton.) 
Henderson John, cabinet maker, Macomb av n Grand River st. 
Henderson VViliiam, butcher Dan Coghlan. 
Henderson Michael, teamster, Beaubien n Montcalm st . 
Henelin Nicholas, goldsmith Robbins k, Hubbard. 
Henry John E, grocer, Michigan Grand av nr City Hall. 
'Henry William A, warehouse-man, Front e Third st. 
Henry Hugh, laborer, Brush st n I3ertheJet alley. 
Henry Alexander, cooper, Larned w Cass st. 
Henry Adam, laborer, Lafayette e Hastings st. 
Henry Michael, blacksmith, Berthelet alley w Brush st. 
Hepburn Roderick, carpenter, Clinton e Rnssell st. 
Herrmann Augustus, goldsmith Robbins & Hubbard. 
Herrmann Anthony, b P Wakerman. 
Herrman Rev F, cor Brush and Columbia st. 
Herrick John 1, b Geo McKenzie. 
Herbert Charles, mason. Brush s Harriet st. 
Herbert Mathias, carpenter, Clinton eAntoinest. 
Herron Edward, grocer, b Grand River House. 
Heron George, Woodbridge vv Griswold st. 
Herps Louis, baker, Franklin w Hastings st. 
Hersh Adam, cigar maker, b C Ammann. 
Hess Peter, boot raaker, Fort e Has tings st. 
Hess Henry, Fort east Hastings st. 
Hess Francis, do do 
Hess Joseph, laborer, do 

Hewitt Ellas, book keeper W Truesdail,r Second nr Congress st, 
Hickling John, gardner, Franklin e Rivard st. 
Hicks James A, dry goods, Jeff av, r Jeff av o Antoine st. 
Hicks Simmons Jr, clerk Watkins and Bissell, Griswold nr At- 

water st. 

Hicks , laborer, do do 

Hift John, laborer, cor Clinton and Hastings sts. 

Higginson James, carpenter, Fort e Hastings st. 

Higgins Sylvester A, Topographer of State Geological survey, 

13rush n Harriet st. 
Higgins Hiram, surveyor. Bates n Farmer st. 
Higgins Patrick C, Congress w Shelby st. 
Higgins Edward, ship joiner, Larned vv Second st. 
Higgins Patrick, grocery, Woodward av nr National Hotel. 
Higgins Timothy, do do 

Higgins Thomas, do do 

Higbee James T, clerk Sur Gen Office, b Mrs Doty, 



106 DETROIT 

Hilsendechan Theodore, laborer, Lafayette e Hastings st. 

Hillman Hercules, shoe maker, Woodbridge w Randolph st, 

Hillier John, baker, Croghan e Rivard st. 

Hillas Thomas, laborer, Lafayette e Randolph st. 

Hills Horace, Jeffav e Hastings st. 

Hills Rev Horace Jr, do 

Hill Dr O, cor Jeffav and Beaubien sts. 

Hill G &i J G, groceries &:c, Jeff vv Woodward av. 

Hill George, Lamed e Antoine st. 

Hill Joseph G, Jeffav e Beaubien st. 

Hill William R, cor Michigan av and Rowland sts. 

Hill John H, do do 

Hill Charles, saddler, Croghan e Beaubien st. 

Hill Rodney D, cor Elizabeth and William sts. 

Hill Bristol , Farmer n State st. 

Hill Mrs, eating house, cor Woodbridge and Griswold sts. 

Hill Austin, hostler B B Davis' Hotel. 

Hill William, digger, cor First and Howard sts. 

Himes Adam, laborer, Antoine nr Atwater st. 

Hindi man Mrs, boarding. Lamed w Wayne st. 

Hinchman Theodore, (John Owen k> Co,) cor"Fort and Cass 

sts. 
Hinchman James A, clerk John Owen k Co. 
Hmkle Peter, A Pulte, grocery. 
Hinkle John, drayman. Fort e Hastings st. 
Hines James, ship joiner, cor Michigan av and Cass st, 
Hines Patrick, laborer. Porter w Third st. 
Hixson George R, currier, Woodbridge w Hastings st. 
Hoagland Luke, hatter, cor Clinton and Beaubien sts. 
Hoag Henry P, wagon maker Woodward av above military square, 
, r Cass n Lafayette st. 
Hoag Abraham, b J Vaile. 
Hobart Michael, finisher Stevens and Zug. 
Hobart Christian, do do 

Hoberg Cnristian, tailor, Michigan Grand av. 
Hodgkin John A, clerk Hallock &, Co, b Chas M HoN^ard. 
Hodges Edward, mason. Fort e Antoine st. 
Hoffman Peter, mason, Randolph n Harriet st. 
Holbrook DeWitt C, law office. State building Griswold st, b 

Michigan Exchange. 
Holmes k Co, dry goods he, Woodward av nr Larned st. 
Holmes Silas A, Larned e Beaubien st. 
Holmes John E, (J Palmer h Co,) b John Palmer. 
Holmes Robert, tinsmith, Woodbridge e Brush st. 
Holmes Samuel, b J Stewart, Atwaterjjt. 
Holmes John, carpenter, cor Miami av and John R st. 
Holt William D, (Knight St Pitcher,) b M Palmer. 



DIRECTORY. lOT 

Hopkins Samuel P, saddler, Fort e Beaubien st. 

Hopkins Bryan, bootmaker, JefFav e Wayne st. 

Hopkins Frederick, tailor, cor Elizabeth and Clifford sts. 

Hopkins Samuel, carpenter, Clinton e Brush st. 

Hopkins Robert, laborer, cor Woodward av and Grand River sts. 

Hopkins William, mariner, Elizabeth e William st. 

Hopson Thomas, grocery, cor Jeff av and Rivard st. 

Hopson Joseph, carpenter, do do 

Hopson John, do do do 

Hopson Richard, grocery, cor Randolph and Gratiot sts. 

Hornbeck Nelson, painter Bates st, r Woodward av n John R 

St. 

Hornbeek B A, salesman, b George Saunders. 

Horchem George, tailor, Croghan e Antoine st. 

Horn Jacob, laborer, Macomb w Hastings st. 

Houghton Mrs, b J R Dorr. 

Howard Chas, k> Co, forwarding mer's, foot First and Front sts. 

Howard Charles, Jeffav e Beaubien st. 

Howard Manly D, (Lavvson k, Howard,) b National Hotel. 

Howard Wiliam A, law office Woodward av south Jeffav, r Ma- 
comb e Randolph st. 

Howard Charles M, cor Brush and Congress sts. 

Howard Jacob M, law office Jeffav, r cor Larned and Hastings 
sts. 

Howard Charles, Larned w Shelby st, 

Howard Charles C, clerk P Harden feCo, b Railroad Hotel. 

Howard [Tarlos, barkeeper Franklin House. 

Howard Timothy, milkman, cor Ijarned and Third sts. 

Howard Owen, laborer, do 

Howlet k Knight, butchers. No 7 City Hall market. 

Howlet Samuel, cor Grand River and Middle sts. 

Howe G W, livery stables, cor Larned and Shelby sts, r Larned 
w Cass St. 

Hubbard Bela, land and tax agency office, Woodward av, below 
Hallock's Store, b Mrs Coulter. 

Hubbard Henry W. clerk Edward Shepard k, Co. 

Hubbard Warren, clerk Lamson &: Butler, b Franklin House. 

Hubbard Daniel E, clerk V Roth, b S P Willcox. 

Hubbard Henry, clerk H Walker, b Commercial Hotel. 

Hubard Andrew, carpenter, Chnton e Beaubien st. 

Hubner William, carpenter, cor Hastings and Lafayette st. 

Hudson William, Julius Alley, Wayne st. 

Hulbert John, cor Congress and Cass st. 

Hulbert Thos J, b Jacob S Farrand. 

Hultin Chas C, clerk Dr E G Desnoyers, b Rev James Inglis. 

Hull John, butcher. Military Square. 

Humphrys John, Northern Hotel, Woodward av. 



108 DETROIT 

Hungerford Charles, porter Wales' Hotel. 

Hun toon Jeseph, carpenter, Brush n Gratiot st. 

Hunter Jno, clerk A B Mathews, b T C Brush. 

Hurlbut Chauncy, grocer. Woodward av, nr Atwatersl. 

Hurdle John, laborer, Woodbridge st e Woodward av. 

Hurd Dr Ebenezer,cor Congress st and Woodward av,(up stairs.) 

Hussey Edward, laborer, b J Moynihan. 

Hutchinson Bickford P, clerk Carpenter k, Co, b Wales' Hotel. 

Hutchison H, grocery, Gratiot w Hastings st. 

Hutchings Richard, Fort e Antoine st. 

Hutchings Wm, carpenter, Larned w Shelby st. 

Hutchins &c Jenness, wholesale grocers, cor Woodward av and 

Larned st. 
Hutchins Moses P, Griswold n Fort st. 
Hyie k. Cr£.in, hydraulic foundry, Atvvater st. 
Hyde k, Gage, scale-makers, Woodward av. 
Hyde O M, Griswold st, nr capitol. 

Hyde Joseph E, clerk surveyor general's office, b National. 
Hyde Benj J, clerk J Holmes k Co. 
Hyke John D, carpenter, Abbott w Second st. 

I- 

Immel John, giocery, cor Lafayette and Russell st. 
Indiana House, A Leadbeater proprietor, Atwater e Bates st. 
Ingersoll Mrs, boarding house, cor Beaubien and Larned sts. 
IngersoU Isaac W, carpenter, kc, Woodbridge e Brush st. 
Ingersoll Walter W, teller Michigan Insurance Bank, b N^ 

al Hot6l. 
Ingersoll Melvin, ostler U S Hotel. 
Inglis Rev James, cor Woodward av and State st. 
Inglis Archibald, clerk J Lowrie. 
Ingals Moses, laborer, b H Gordonier, 

Ingram , mason, r A C Carter. 

Ireton Joseph, gardener Rev G Duffield. 

Irvine George, carpenter, Lafayette w First st. 

Ives Albert, grocer kc, Atwater st, cor Theresa alley. 

Ives William, U S surveyor, do 

Ives Stephen, do 

Ives Eardly, book-keeper Gillet k Desnovers, Lafayette nr Third 

stU 
Ives James, b Eardly Ives. * 

J. ' 

Jackson Calvin C, law office, Griswold st adjoining custom-house, 
r Woodward av n Stato st. 



DIRECTORY. 109 

Jackson C W, brass-founder, Michigan av, oppositeyCentral rail- 
road depot, r cor Farrar and Grand River st, 

Jackson Charles, Michigan Grand av e Military Square. 

Jackson Joseph, carpenter, cor Michigan av and First st. 

Jackson George, tailor, John Ask. 

Jackson Henry, hair-dresser, Jeff av w Griswold st. 

Jacobus Jonathan C, carpenter, b Mansion House. 

Jacobs Nathaniel P, druggist. Woodward av n Congress st. 

Jacob Michael, mariner, cor Woodbridge and Brush st. 

Jack James, Scotch store, Jeff av e Woodward av. 

Jack William, carpenter, Croghan w Beaubien st. 

Jamieson James, baker, Jeffave Wayne st. 

Jamieson Jeremiah, ship joiner, Larned w Second st. 

Jambau Joseph, carpenter, cor Fort and Third sts. 

James Harry, moulder, b 4th Ward House. 

Jacques Zabe, wagon-maker, cor Hastings and Franklin sts. 

Jasperson George, cor Russell and Catharine sts. 

Jauriet Francis, engineer, Wayne n Lafayette st. 

Jauriet Fabian, engineer, do 

Jauk Zebu Ion, bedstead maker, cor Franklin and Hastings st. 

Jelly Richard, clerk, b D A A Ensworth. 

Jennings John, morocco dresser, b N Tomlinson. 

Jenness John S, (Hutchins &, Jenness,) Randolph n Gratiot st. 

Jenkins Joseph, carpenter, cor Lafayette and Third st. 

Jerome Edwin, surveyor, Washington av nr Grand Circus. 

Jirard Dominique, sadler, b Railroad Exchange. 

Johnston Anthony, clothing store, cor Woodbridge and Griswold 
sts. 

Johnston William, tailor, b Mrs Barton, 

Johnston Thomas, clerk James Watson. 

Johnson Hiram R, groceries &.c, cor Woodward av andCoBgress 
st, r Monroe av nr military square. 

Johnson Mrs Senr, Woodward av n military square. 

Johnson, Augustus S, cor Larned and Brush sts. 

Johnson Bleeker, clerk John Brown. 

Johnson &,Cowles, groceries. Woodward av n Congress st. 

Johnson William W, Farmer n State st. 

Johness Epolit, (Bouchard k, Johness,) Franklin e Antoine st. 

Jones De Garmo, cor Larned and Fourth sts. 

Jones Jeremiah, do. » 

Jones Elias W, clerk G Grossman. 

Jones Harford E, do George Egner. 

Jones William, laborer, b Christian Ammann. 

Joy && Porter, law office, Woodward av w Jeff av, 

Joy James F, Jeffav e Hastings st. 

Joy Hartford, master mariner, cor Beaubien aad Larned sts. 

Joy Hiram, cor Larned and Brush sts. 
10 



110 DETROIT 

Joy Abijah, engineer, cor Woodbridge and Riopelle sts. 
Jubb Henry, grocery, Front w First st. 

K. 

Kaminzky Dr Anthony, JefF av e Bates st. 

Kaminzky Andrew, cor Mallet and Hastings sts. 

Karrar Joseph, wagon maker, Lafayette e Russell st. 

Karls John, laborer, Macomb e Hastings st. 

Katus Allois, blacksmith, Macomb e Antoinest. 

Kavany Michael, blacksmith, Howard w }• irst st. 

Kavany John, do do 

Kaufmann Frederick, tailor, Brush n Gratiot st. 

Kearsley Johnathan, receiver U S land office, cor Jeff av and Ran- 
dolph St. 

Kearney Patrick, tailor, Woodbridge e Griswold st. 

Keeney Jonathan, Woodward av n Grand River st. 

Keeney Benj, (Barclay h Keeney,) b Jonothan Keeney. 

KeeganJohn, servant E Smith Lee. 

Keep Samuel, blacksmith, b M Kempf. 

Kellogg Asher S, book-keeper Jas A Armstrong k, Co, b Dr. 
Rice. 

Kellogg Harvey, carpenter, Congress e Rivard st. 

Kellogg David, cooper, Cass n Larnedst. 

Kelly John, Emigrant House, cor Jeffav and First st. 

Kelly Mrs, grocery, Woodbridge e Shelby st. 

Kelly William, engineer, Cass n Fort st. 

Kelly Royal T, watch maker, b Mrs Mather. 

Kelly C C, ship joiner, b C C Lee. 

Kempf Matheus, tavern, Woodbridge nr Wayne st. 

Kendrick k. Dorr, Detroit Engine comp, cor Lamed and Fourth 
sts. 

Kendrick S N, Griswold st 1 door above Baptist Church. 

Kennedy Charles, (the Shades,) cor Earned and Shelby sts. 

Kennedy John, carpenter, Woodward av n Stalest. 

Kennedy John, ostler, G W Howes' livery stable. 

Kendal Nelson, porter Eagle Tavern. 

Kendal David, ball alley, Wood word av. 

Keohler John, dyer, Woodbridge e Bates st. 

Kercheval, BB & Co, forwarding merchants, foot Woodward av. 

Kercheval B B, Springwells. 

Kerns Patrick, blacksmith, cor Abbott and Fourth sts. 

Kern Nicholas, shoe store, Jeffav e Bates st. 

Kerr Foster, baker, Antoine n Earned st. 

Ketchum Justus, drayman, Franklm e Antoinest. 

Ketchum Abijah E, painter, do 

Keyes John, blacksmith, Earned e Brush st. 



DIRECTORY. Ul 

Keyes James, (colored.) laborer, Macomb e Aotoine st. 

Kieler Henry, tailor, cor JefFav and Randolph sts, r cor Lafay- 
ette and Orleans sts. 

Kiezer Francis X, butcher, Clinton e Antoine st, 

Kiezer John, butcher, Clinton e Hastings st. 

Kiely John, clerk. Bishop h Sprague. 

Kilroy Rev Lawrence, Bishop's house, Randolph st. 

Killin James, grocery, cor Randolph and Atwater sts. 

Kile Washington, carpenter, b James Busby. 

Kimball Granville, agent for the Central R R and stage route, 
ofSce cor Military Square near depot, b National Hotel. 

Kimball Lawson, painter, b Nelson Hornbeek. 

Kindekens very Rev P, Vicar Gen St Anne's church, r Bishop's 
house, Randolph st. 

Kingsbury Otis, Congress e Randolph st. 

Kingsley Mrs, boarding house. Front w First st. 

Kincaid Robert M, bar-keeper, U S Hotel. 

Kinkead Thomas H, laborer, cor Franklin and Hastings sts. 

King Jonathan L, clothing store, cor JefFand Woodward ave, r 
VVoodbridge e Antoine st. 

King John E, clerk Jonathan L King. 

King Robert, clerk F &: C H Buhl. 

King Harry, larmer, Cass farm, Grand River st. 

King John, carpenter, cor Fort and Brush sts. 

King John, laborer, cor Abbott and Third sts. 

King , carpenter, b MrsMcMillen, 

King William, shoemaker, Rivard n Larned st. 

Kirby george fc Co, leather store, Woodward av s JefFav. 

Kirby George, Fort w Grisvvold st. 

Kirby Zebulon, do do 

Kirk Michael, laborer, Franklin w Riopell st. 

Kittredge Mrs, boarding house, Lafayette w Shelby st. 

Kittredge Walter, carpenter, do do 

Kittredge William E, do do do 

Klasson Peter, carpenter, Clinton e Antoine st, 

Klein Mrs, Griswold near Woodbridge st. 

Klein Charles, tailor, Brush n Gratiot st. 

Klen Joseph, laborer, Franklin w Riopell st. 

Klienhans George, butcher, Cass n Lafayette st. 

Klock William, carpenter. First n Larned st. 

Knapp Lafayette, clerk J Owen fc Co. 

Knapp William A, scale maker, b Russell Gage. 

Knapp Lucian H, scale maker, cor Washington av and Grand 
River st. 

Knapp C V, carpenter, b Chas C Lee. 

Knapp Joseph, cor Farmer and Randolph sts. 

Knapp John, drayman, Brush n Macomb st. 



112 DETROIT 

Knapp Samuel, mason, Brush n Gratiot si. 

Knapp John, do do do 

Kneeland Lorenzo P, clerk J W Tillman, r cor Lamed and Beau- 

bien st. 
Kneson Joseph, mariner, Elizabeth w Park st. 
Knight Si Pitcher, boot and shoe store, Jeff av. 
Knight Alfred, b P C Higgins. 
Knight William, carpenter, b Strangers' Home. 
Knowlton Dr C F, (Bailey St Knowlton,) Woodward av, above 

Military Square. 
Knowles William H, carpenter, cor Macomb av and Clifford st. 
Kobel Henry, cartman, Clinton e Antoine st. 
Kollock Thomas L, printer, b Walter W Clark. 
Kopp, Rev Anthony, Bishop's noose, Randolph st. 
Kranich Frederick, cor Mulleti, and Riopell sts. 
Kranich Jacob, do do 

Kranich Frederick, shoe maker, cor Beaubien and Franklin sts. 
Krengel Jasper, tailor, Macomb w Hastings st. 
Krug John G, shoe maker, Lafayette e Antoine st. 
Kuhn Francis, Lake House, cor Jeffav and Wayne st. 
Kummed Michael, carpenter, Lafayette e Hastings st. 
Kiinze Augustus, soap and candle factory, Randolph st below 

Jeffav. 
Kunze Louis, boot and shoe maker, Jeffav opposite Wales' Ho 

tel. 
Kunze George, clerk Post-office, b Louis Kunze. 
Kunze Christian, laborer, Lafayette e Rivard st. 

li. 

Labonti Mitchell, mason, Hastings n Lafayette st. 

Labdy Peter, mason, Beaubien n Gratiot st. 

Lacroix Edward N, State Librarian, b Miss Lyon's. 

Lacroix Henry B, Franklin House. 

Ladroot John, moulder, Fourth Ward House. 

Laeamer Isaac, laborer, National Hotel. 

Lafleur Leander, carpenter, Franklin e Rivard st. 

Lafleur Chas A, carpenter, do do 

Lafleur Nelson, blacksmith, J W Woolsey. 

Laible Robert, grocery, cor Woodbridge and Second sts. 

Laible Eugene, clerk Post-office, r Larned w Griswold st. 

Laible Joseph, Franklin e Rivard st. 

Laible Ferdinand, mariner, do do 

Lake House, F Kuhn, cor Jeffav and Wayne st. 

Lalond John, wagon maker, Franklin e Beaubien st. 

Lally William, laborer, Larned w Wayne st. 

Lamson h Butler, dry goods, Jeff av w Bates st. 



DIRECTORY. US 

Lamson Darius, Jeff av w Hastings st. 

Lamb George, butcher, Elizabeth w W'itherell st. 

Lamb Martin, laborer, Franklin e Riopell st. 

Landrelh George, teacher, Congress e Hastings st. 

Lanraugh Richard, blacksmith, b James Hart. 

Langlois k, Chagnon, grocery &ic, cor Atwater and Randolph 
sts. 

Lanigen Dennis, mason, Randolph n Lamed st. 

Langley Jo^^eph L, clerk Aud Gen office, b Mrs Hale. 

Langley Heniy, mason, Randolph n Fort st. 

Langley William, wagon maker, b Wm Long. 

Lansing Edward A, b Sylvester Lamed, 

Lansing Richard R, do do 

Langdon Charles, sadler, Franklin e Antoine st. 

Landry James, joiner, Lafayette w Rivard st. 

Lantz George, laborer, Brush n Gratiot st. 

Lane John, grocery, Woodbridge w Woodward av. 

Lane David, laborer, Miami av n State st. 

Lapland Abel, laborer, Franklin e Riopell st. 

Lapland Francis, laborer, do do 

Lapier John, Atwater e Brush st. 

Larkins James, drayman, ijongress e Antoine st. 

Larkins John, teamster, do do 

Larkins Andrew, cartman, do do 

Larkin Patrick, engineer, Farrar n Grand River st. 

Larned B F, major and paymaster U S array, cor JefFerson av and 
Hastings st. 

Larned Sylvester, law office, Woodward av n Jefferson av, r cot 
Woodward av and State st. 

Large William, root doctor, b John Thornbury. 

Lasalane Tiasalas, cabinet maker, b Mrs Barton. 

Latimore George, engineer. First n Congress st. 

Latour Charle?, Pine e Rivard st. 

Latour Louis, laborer, Beaubien n Montcalm st. 

Lavender Robert H, cigar maker, Randolph st s Jeffav, b Rail- 
road Hotel. 

Lavoy Eli, carpenter. Brush n Macomb st. 

Laubacker Nicholas, carpenter, cor Congress and Orleans ste. 

Lawrence Guildford, laborer, C R R depot. 

Lawson k, Howard, forwarding merchants, Atwater foot Shelby 

St. 

Lawson Francis W, Larned e Brush st. 
Lawson Mrs, Woodbridge e Antoine st. 
Leadbeater Alexander, proprietor Indiana House. 
Leary Humphry, boiler maker, Albert Walcot. 
Leach Anthony P, mason, I Noble. 
Lean Thomas, laborer, J Kearsley. 
10» 



114 DETROIT 

Lebotte John, gunsmith, Atwater e Randolph st. 

Lebotte Dennis, do do do 

Debotte Enos, do do do 

hedyard Henry, office cor Jeff av and Cass st, r cor Woodbridge 

and Rivard sts. 
Leddy James, provisions, Michigan Grand av, opposite City Hall. 

Leddy , tailor, Fort e Randolph st. 

LeDuc Toussaint, Gratiot e Russell st. 

Leete Thomas T, furniture warehouse, Jefferson av e Bates st, r 

Woodward av n State st. 
Lee k, Stuart, law office Jeff av w Griswold st. 
Lee E Smith, Fort w Griswold st. 

Lee William S, clerk Indian department, r Jeff av e Riopell st. 
Lee Charles C, mason, iJroghan w Beaubien st. 
Lee Peter, grocery &lc, cor Atwater and Brush sts. 
Lee Henry, grocery, Michigan av w Washington av. 
Lee Benjamin, Cass n Lafayette st. 
Lefevere, the Right Rev Peter Paul, Catholic Bishop of Detroit, 

r Bishop's house, Randolph st. 
Lefevre Daniel P, clerk, b Mrs Coulter. 
Lemmon Mrs, grocery, cor Michigan av and Lafayette st. 
Lemcke Dr, Jeff av w Brush st. 
Leming Stephen, painter, b Chas Gubby. 
Lemon Oliver, carpenter, Lafayette e Brush st. 
Lemon John, cor Hastings and Croghan sts. 
Lemon Stephen, boatman, Franklin e Riopell st. 
Lerchen Charles, saddler, Jeff av e Bates st. 
LeRoy Henry H, joiner, cor Woodward av and Grand Circus. 
Lesperance Francis, Atwater e Brush st. 
Lester Elias P, proprietor Strangers' Home, Woodbridge st. 
Lester Orin, b do do 

Letourno Francis, joiner shop cor Woodbridge and Third sts, r 

Washington n Michigan av. 
Letourno Charles, joiner, do do 

Letourno John, grocery, river side, near old ferry. 
Letsom Wm, porter Railroad Hotel. 
Lewis Samuel, (Gray k Lewis,) b Dr R S Rice. 
Lewis Gleason F, exchange broker, Griswold st, opposite custom 

house, r Lafayette w Griswold st. 
Lewis Alexander, (Bridge k Lewis,) b National Hotel. 
Lewis William P, saddler, b National Hotel. 
Leydon Francis, laborer, Lafayette e Antoine st. 
Lieb Lewis, butcher, b Peter Page. 
Lightfoot Madison J, (colored,) Randolph n Gratiot st. 
Link Louis, baker, Franklin, e Orleans st. 
Link William, carpenter, Beaubien n Columbia st, 
Linn Alexander, ship joiner, Lamed w Cass st. 



DIRECTORY. 115 

Linn William, weaver, Woodward av n State st. 

Lister William N, clerk A H Newbould, b Mrs Doty. 

Littlejohn h Crary, forwarding merchants, Front w Second at. 

Littlejohn Frederick S, b W Moore. 

Litchtield Elisha E, cashier Farmers' k, Mechanics' Bank. 

Little Thomas, chair maker, Larned w Hastings st. 

Little Mathew, chair maker, Farrar n State st. 

Lizart Peter, cartman, Catherine n Orleans st. 

Lockwood Wallis, Fort w Cass st. 

Lockwood Thomas W, (Barstow Si Lockwood, do 

Lomas W P, veterinary surgeon, Jeffav nr Randolph st, 

Longwell Peter, mariner, b Market Hotel. 

Long John B, livery stables, Michigan Grand av nr National Ho- 
tel, r Lafayette w Shelby st. 

Long k, Chope, wagon makers, JefFav apposite Wales' Hotel. 

Long William, Larned e Brush st. ' 

Long John, grocery, cor Atwater and Griswold sts. 

Fong Joseph L, shoemaker, Farrar n State st. 

Loomis Mrs, boarding house, cor Larned and Shelby st. 

Loomis Charles F, clerk W A Raymond, b Railroad Hotel. 

Loomis Cyrus, miller, b A Merrill. 

Loose John, carpenter, MuUett nr Antoine st. 

Lord Orlando, carpenter, Larned w Griswold st. 

Lord Augustus, carpenter, First n Congress st. 

Losey Erastus, blacksmith, b widow Parre. 

Lothrop Si Duffield, law-office. Woodward av s Jeffav. 

Lothrop George V N, b Rev G Duffield. 

Love James, bar-keeper W Thompson's Hotel. 

Louks Timothy, b Mansion House. 

Lowrie James, dry-goods, cor Jefi av and Bates st. 

Lowe P T, Pittsburgh Juniata Iron store, cor Woodward av and 
Larned st, b National Hotel. 

Lowe Tobias, Billiard Saloon, Jeffav e Shelby st. 

Lowe Peter, silversmith, Beaubien st s Jeffav. 

Lowe , carpenter, b Mrs Erskine. 

Lowe , cabinet maker, b Railroad Exchange, 

Luchus Hubbard, caulker. Pine e Hastings st. 

Ludwick John, basket maker. Fort e Hastings st. 

Ludden Nathaniel T, groceries Sic, Woodward av nr State st. 

Lumsden, John, grocery, Michigan Grand av op City Hail. 

Lum Charles, architect. Congress e Beaubien st. 

Lum David O. joiner, do 

Lum William, do do 

Lum James, laborer, Woodbridge e Wayne st. 

Lundy William, cor Woodbridge and Wayne sts, 

Lurvey John, laborer, Macomb av nr Clifford st. 

Lyddy Michael, tailor, Lafayette e Randolph st. 



116 DETROIT 

Lyell James L, exchange broker, JefFav e Woodward av, r La- 
fayette w Cass St. 

Lyell Vincent J, do do 

Lynch Patrick, laborer, Woodbridge e Shelby st. 

Lynch Peter, laborer, Michigan av w Shelby st. 

Lyons Miss, boarding house, cor Beaubien and Congress sis. 

Lyons William, carpenter, Woodbridge e Beaubien st. 

Lyons George, b Washington Watkins. 

Lyons George, laborer, Macomb e Antoine st. 

Lyon Lucius, Sur Gen, otRce, Fort vv Wayne st, b National Ho- 
tel. 

Lyon Edward, proprietor National Hotel. 

Lyon Hiratn, dry-goods, Jeff av v/ Bates st, r Franklin e Rivard 
st, 

Lyon Williaui, joiner, Woodbridge e Beaubien st. 

Lyon Anson C, Columbia \v Park st. 

Lyon L C, remover of buildings, Randolph n Gratiot si. 

Lyster Rev W N, rector Christ church, r Hamtramck. 

Lyster John, tailor, Jeffav nr Bates st, r cor Congress and Ri- 
vard St. 

M. 

McBarly John, tinsmith, Macomb av nr Clifford st. 

McBam Jasper J, carpenter, Woodbridge nr Brush st. 

McBrerty Francis, waiter Gen Brady. 

McCartney Cyrus M, exchange broker and copper stock agency, 
office Jeffav e Griswold st, r Woodward av n Grand River st. 

McCarthy John, grocery, Atwater st nr Berthelet market. 

McCarty John, cor Shelisy and Atwater st. ■■** 

McCarn Patrick, laborer, Woodbridge e Bates st. 

McCam Thomas, laborer, Woodward av n John R st. 

McColiough Thomas, moulder, b 4th Ward House. 

McConnell James, blacksmith, b Lucien Knapp. 

McCormick Thomas, clerk Jeremiah O'Callaghan, 

McColhim Alexander, wagon-maker. Farmer st nr Monroe av. 

McCoskry, the Right Reverend Samuel A, Bishop of the Protest- 
ant Episcopal church in the diocese of Michigan, cor Fort and 
Cass St. 

McCoskry Mrs, Congress w Second st. 

McCosker Dr, Jeff av w Randolph st. 

McComb John N, surveyor, b Dr Terry. 

McCrickett Bernard, carpenter, Elizabeth nrClifTord st. 

McCrickett Michael, carpenter, Beaubien n Lafayette st. 

McCrackf.n William R, printer, b Commercial Hotel. 

McCurdy John, joiner, b Mrs Fisher. 

McDaniels Edward, painter, Farrar n John R st. 



DIRECTORY. 117 

McDermolt Owen, carpenter, Howard vv Cass st. 

McDonald Ezekiel, tinsmith, b Mrs Esdell. 

McDonald Patrick, o-ardener, Mrs Doty. 

McDonald Francis, Macomb vv Antoine st. 

McDonald Tiiomas, drayman, Dequindre farm n Catherine st. 

McDonald Angus, Farrar n State st. 

McDonald Edward, grocery, Randolph nr Woodbridge st. 

McDonald James, grocery, cor Lafayette and Beaubien sts. 

McDonnell John, cor Fort and Shelby sts. 

McDonnell D, do 

McDonnell Alexander, do 

PJcDonnell D, Jr, do 

McFarlane A &:, J, tailors, JefFav nr Bates st. 

McFarlane A, Larned nr Hastings st. 

McFarlane J, do 

McFarlane Walter, machinist, Lafayette st, Springwells. 

McFarlane John, sealer of weights and measures, b R Gage. 

McFarren Alexander, bookseller, JefFav nr Woodward av, r Se- 
cond n Congress st. 

McGinn Peter, grocery, cor Woodbridge and Shelby st. 

McGinn James, laborer, Woodbridge e Wayne st. 

McGrath James, tailor, JefFav vv Bates st. 

McGrath Joseph, tailor, JelFav e Bates st. 

McGraw A C Si Co, boot and shoe store, corner JefFand Wood- 
ward a vs. 

McGraw A C, cor Congress and Second sts. 

McGraw Virgil W, chair-maker. First n Congress st. 

McGraw Thomas, clerk John Truax. 

McGuire John, grocery, Randolph st nr Bertnelet market. 

McGuire Peter, grocery, Michigan Grand av. 

McHutchon William, Western Hotel, Atwater e Brush st. 

McHugh Barney, drayman, Washington nr iMichigan av. 

McHugh William, cartman, Shelby n Lafayette st. 

Mcintosh Daniel, grocery, Atwater e Bates st. 

Mclntyno William, engineer, Farrar n State st. 

McKay Samuel, boat builder, William Gooding. 

McKay Angus, boat builder, cor Woodbridge and Antoine st. 

McKay James, Congress w Second st. 

McKay Sanders, Woodbridge w Antoine st. 

McKenzie k Herrick, booksellers kc, JefFav w Griswold st. 

McKenzie George, cor Macomb and Brush sts. 

McKenzie Duncan, drayman, Witherell st n Adams av. 

McKendry William, shoemaker, Mullet e Orleans st. 

McKenley James, blacksmith, Lafayette w Second st. 

McKeeby Leonard C, shoemaker, b G W Pinkham. 

McKeefe .— , shoe maker, Larned vv Griswold st. 

McKee John, book keeper, b Mrs Dean. 



118 DETROIT 

McKibbin Alexander, groceries and provisions, cor JefF av and 

Randolph ?t, and Jeffav e Hstings sts. 
McKinsey Michael, drayman, fool Bates st. 
McLaughlin Michael, moulder, Conoross \v Cass st. 
McLaughlin Patrick, tailor James McGrath. 
McLaughlin John, ship joiner. Lamed w Grisvvold st. 
McLaughlin John, carpenter, Woodbridgo e Hastings st. 
McLaughlin James, laborer, Michigan Exchange. 

McLaw , laborer, b Mrs Mc Williams. 

McLendy Henry, blacksmith A VValcot. 

McLogan Anthony, grocery, cor VVitherell and Columbia sts. 

McManaman Cornelius, moulder, Abbott w Second st. 

McManman Thomas, shoe maker, Miami av. 

McMahon Bartholomew, Lafayette e Antoine st. 

McMichael Joseph, constable. Farmer nr Randolph st. 

McMichael John, laborer, Wesley Truesdail. 

McMiilen Mrs, boarding house, cor Lamed and Bates st. 

McMillen Ananias, printer, do do 

McMiilen Jesse, clerk, Lamed w Bates st. 

McMillen Duncan, tailor John Ask. 

McMiilen Robert, clerk H Doty. ^ 

McMillen Archibcild, shoemaker, Randolph n Harriet st. 

McNamara John, grocery, Atwater w Grisvvold st. 

McNair Clement, clerk theo H Eaton, b Wales' Hotel. 

McNespy Henry, fireman, Michigan av w Griswold st. 

McNiel ^ , boat builder, b A McKay. 

McNoah Peter M, coppersmith Woodward avnr military square. 
McNutt Ira, cooper, Woodbridge nr Wayne st. 
McReynolds fc Bishop, law office Jeffav under State Bank. 
McReynolds Andrew T, cor Jeffav and Hastings st. 
McReynolds John, superintendent light houses, Jeffav e Orleans 

St. ' 

McSweeney Nathaniel, grocery, Monroe av nr military square. 
McSvveeney John, frnitery &,c, Monroe av nr military square. 

McVickar ,law ofHce. Woodward av nr Jeffav, b W Moore. 

McWay Harvey, boat builder A Walcot, b W Moore. 

McV/illiams Mrs, boarding house, cor Larned and Second sts. 

Mc Williams Michael, b do do 

Mabb Robert, miller. Grand River House. 

Machris Peter, Fort w Russell st. 

Machris Charles, chair maker, Croghan w Beaubien st. 

Macy fe, Driggs, Western Land Agency & Emigrant Office Jeff 

av opposite Michigan Exchange. 
M acy George F, b Dr Cobb, 

Maddock Jabez, tiilor, Macob av n Grand River 6t» 
Madison Franklin, saddler, b Railroad Exchange. 
Madison Asa Fort e Beaubien st. 



DIRECTORY. llf> 

Fagee John, painter, b Mrs Dean. 

Mahling George F, Clinton vv Hastings st. 

Mahling John, do do 

Mahany Dennis, wagon maker, b Stranger's Home. 

Mahany Daniel, b P McDonald. 

Mahan Patrick, mason. Lamed w First st. 

Mahan Dennis, waiter L B Mizner, 

Maledon George, Fort w Russell st. 

Maledon John, shoemaker, do 

Maledon Francis, do do 

Maledon John, pedler, do 

Maledon Adam, laborer, Croghan w Hastings st. 

Maloney J W, b Indiana House. 

Mallet Peter, blacksmith, Gratiot w Hastings st. 

Mallet William, butcher, Franklin vv Antoinest. 

Maltz George, tailor, cor Third and Porter st. 

Manchester Mr, Steamboat Saloon, foot Woodward av. 

Manviller Christian, boot-maker, JefF av opposite Wales' Hotel. 

Manviller Francis, laborer, Franklin e Beaubien st. 

Manning Randolph, Griswold n Fort st. 

Manning John H, tailor, Howard w Cass st. 

Manning John, Cass nr Woodbridge st. 

Mansion House, B F Farnsworth prop, cor Atwater and Gris- 
wold st. 

Mandell Addison, law office, Griswold st nr custom house, b Na- 
tional Hotel. 

Mappelbeck James, grocer, Woodward av s Woodbridge st. 

Mapstone Richard, carpenter, b Walter W Clark. 

Marlinstein William, glue maker, Croghan w Beaubien st. 

Martinstein John, do do 

Martinique Antoine, teacher of music, Beaubien st n Jeff av. 

Marshall Anihony, laborer, Fort w Beaubien st. 

Marshall Joseph, laborer, Samuel P Brady. 

Marvill Louis, laborer, Franklin e Beaubien st. 

Marvey John, fireman, C R R. 

Marvin Russell, hardware, Jefi'av, r Grand River st e Woodward 
av. 

Martin Louis, engineer, Abbott w Third st. 

Martin James, do do do 

Martin Jacob, carpenter, Shelby n Lafayette st. 

Martin Edward, laborer, do do 

Martin John, moulder, b BB Davis. 

Martin William, farmer, Lafayette e Russell st. 

Marcot Israel, clerk G Payment. 

Marony James, shoemaker, Abbott vv Second st. 

Morony John, Randolph n Harriet st, 

Marsac Rena, Atwater w Riopelle st. 



120 DETROIT 

Marsh Albert, blacksmith, Rowland st n Michigan av. 

Marsh Robert, grocer, Woodbridge e Bates st. 

Mason William, tinsmith, b George Saunders. 

Mason John, laborer, cor Bates and Croghan sts. 

Mason J W, b Indiana House. 

Mathison John, joiner, b Grand River House. 

Mathews A B, dry goods and groceries, Jeff av w Woodward av, 

r Rowland st opposite Capitol. 
Mathews George, printer, b Barney's Hotel. 
Mathews William, dealer, b Eagle Tavern. 
Mather Mrs, boarding house, Jeff av e Brush st. 
Mather Atla E, crockery &;c, Woodward av, r Congress w First 

St. 

Mather Spencer J, clerk A E Mather. 

Maty George, tailor, cor Atwaler and Beaubien sts. 

Maurice George, groceries and provisions, cor Woodward av and 

Grand River st. 
Maynard David, laborer, Tobias Lowe. 
Mayhew Francis, carpenter, Franklin e Beaubien st. 
May Mrs, Jeff av'w Antoine st. 
May John, butcher, Fort e Randolph st. 
Mazuret Nazarre, wagon maken, Chas Dupont. 
Mead George, (Davis k, Mead,) b Mrs Dean. 
Mead George, mariner, Franklin w Hastings st. 
Meek William, Atwater, e Brush st. 
Melvin lienry, painter, b Mrs Esdell. 
Menwagen Peter, blacksmith, A Walcot. 
Mensing Mr, at Rev F Herrmann. 
Menzies James, clerk, Beecher k> Abbot. 
Merceron Fredcick, teacher music, b Nathan Carpenter. 
Merrigan Thomas, grocery, Giiswold st. 
Merrill Belosti, carpenter, Woodbridge w Third st. 
Merrill Alonzo, carpenter, Congress vv First st. 
Merrill Dexter, carpenter, cor First and Howard sts. 
Merritt Isaac H, clerk, W A Morrison. 
Merritt William T, steamboat agent, b Barney's Hotel. 
Merker John, blacksmith, Brush n Gratiot st. 
Merker George, do do 

Merker Jacob, blacksmith, central railroad. 
Merker Frederick, baker, b John Merker. 
Merker Jacob, tanner, Lafayette e Rivard st. 
Merker Jacob, laborer, Macomb w Hastings st. 
Meyer Barnard, carpenter, b James Busby. 
Michigan Insurance Bank, cor Jeff av and Griswold st. 
Michael Daniel, teacher. Brush n Congress st. 
Miesel Philip, painter, L Neveaux. 
Miesel Daniel, grocery, cor Beaubien and Fort sts. 



DIRECTORY. 121 

Millard Lyman B, carpenter, Rivard near Lamed st. 

Miller Isaac S, manufacturer of tobacco and snuff. Woodward 
below Jefferson av, r Randolph st opposite Monroe av. 

Miller Thomas C, law office Jeff av over Farmers' Si Mechanics' 
Bank. 

Miller George, proprietor Fourth Ward House, Franklin e Has- 
tings St. 

Miller Andrew, painter, Lamed e Riopelle st. 

Miller James, laborer, U S Hotel. 

Miller Bernard, First st near Michigan av. 

Miller Henry, shoemaker, b Joseph Cobb. 

Miller Henry, laborer, Woodbridge e Bates st. 

Miller William, carpenter, b A Pulte. 

Miller Henry, cartman, Lafayette e Randolph st. 

Miller Benj, blacksmith, Abbott w Cass st. 

Miller Nicholas, wagon maker, Clinton e Antoine st. 

Miller William, cartman, Rivard n Franklin st. 

Miller Tobias, (colored,) barber, Woodbridge e Grisvvold st. 

Miles Joseph, laborer, Vaile &. Brother. 

Minetwegen Peter, laborer, Croghan w Hastings st. 

Minord Seth W, ship joiner, b W Bloomer. 

Minton Michael, cooper and grocer, cor Larned and Second st.s. 

Minor Oliver, carpenter, cor Rivard and Franklin sts. 

Mitchell Lewis, painter, S Robinson, First st. 

Mitty Peter, painter, b Indiana House. 

Mizner Lansing B, land agent, office Jeff av e Wales' Hotel, r 
Jeff av e Riopelle st. 

Mizner Henry R, clerk U S land office, r L B Mizner. 

Moffet Hugh, carpenter, Lafayette w Wayne st. 

Moir William, machinist, Lafayette w Second st 

Montreuil John, carpenter, cor Howard and First sts. 

Moorman Asa P, carpenter, Macomb av n Grand River st. 

Mooney Daniel, tailor, cor Beaubien and Atvvater sts. 

Moody Patrick, tailor, cor Beaubien and Atwater st. 

Moores widow, Beaubien below Woodbridge st. 

Moores James W, engineer, cor Lafayette and Cass sts. 

Moors Jeremiah, mason, Cass n Lafayette. 

Moore &: Bradford, dry goods he, Jeff w Woodward avs. 

Moore F h Co, groceries he, cor Woodward av and Atwater st. 

Moore Franklin, Woodbrige e Antoine. 

Moore Benj B, cabinet maker, cor Elizabeth and Park sts. 

Moore Elijah, master Mariner, Elizabeth w Park st. 

Moore William, livery stable, Randolph st n Jeff av, r Larned e 
Randolph st. 

Moore William, boarding house, Jeff av e Beaubien st. 

Moore Charles T, clerk, E Shepaad k, Co. 

Moore J Wilkie, custom house, r Larned e Hastings st. 
11 



1-32 DETROIT 

Moore William P, clerk Brady k, Co, b Wm Moore, Jeff av. 

Moore R N, saddler, b R R Exchange. 

Moore Chester, clerk, b Mansion House. 

Moore George, blacksmith, b James Hart. 

Moore William, Pine w Rivard st. 

Moore John, drayman. Woodward av n State st. 

Moon George C, dry-goods, Jeff aA e Bates st, r cor Brush and 

Congress st. 
Moon Milton, engineer, b H Gordonier. 
Moon James, painter, Beaubien n Gratiot st. 
Mool Christian, laborer, Fort e Beaubien st. 
Morrison William A, millinery, fancy and staple goods, Jeff av e 

Grisvvold st. 
Morrison John H goldsmith, Jeffav e Beaubien st. 
Morrison Hamilton, carpenter, Lafayette e Antoine st. 
Morhouse George, carpenter, H Moffet. 
Morgan James, fruits kc, Mich Grand av. 
Moross James, remover of buildings, b William Robson. 
Moricr John, laborer, Theodore Romeyn. 
Morris James H, office, Drew's block Jeffav, r Witherell st abov^ 

Grand Circus. 
Morris David W, clerk, James A Hicks. 
Morris Anthony, carpenter. Fort vv Russell st, 
Morris Mitchell, carpenter. Railroad Temperance Hotel. 
Moran C, Jeffav cor Hastings st. 
Moran Charles J, clerk, John Watson, b C Moran. 
Moran Edward, painter, Macomb w Antoine st. 
Morin Daniel, grocery, Woodbridge e Cass st. 
Morin Dominick, moulder, b 4th Ward House. 
Morse C, bookseller, Jef!'av e Woodward av, r Jeffav e Shelby st. 
Morse Charles R, do do 

Morse Stephen B, butcher, cor Hastings and Mullet sts. 
Morse Ebenezor S, butcher, Grand River st vv Macomb av. 
Morse Elijah C, clerk. Smith & Dwight. 
Mosbruck John, carpenter, cor Croghan and Russell sts, 
Moslev Arthur H, cap and fur cutter, F &i C H Buhl's, b Mra 

Balch. 
Mott Dr, Lafayette e Cass st. 
Moulton Edward, porter. Mansion House. 
Mourit Rev C, Bishop's House, Randolph st. 
Mower Jacob, laborer, Franklin w Hastings st. 
Moynihan Jeremiah, grocery, Atwater e Bates st. 
Moynihan Daniel, laborer, Lafayette e Randolph st. 
Muctzelfeld Charles, shoemaker, Macomb e Beaubien st. 
Mulberry Thomas, waiter, Wales' Hotel. 
Mullane Denis, clothing store, cor Wood av and Woodbridgo 

sts, r cor Jeffav and Second sts. 



DIRECTORY. 123 

Mullen &t Hanly, tailors, Griswold st n JefFav. 

Mullen Edward, b Mrs Mc Williams. 

Mullen Edward, laborer, Clinton e Russell st. 

Muloy James, painter, b Mansion House. 

Munroe Charles, ship joiner, cor Hastings and Franklin sts. 

Munroe Elder William, (colored,) Lafayette vv Hastings st. 

Murphy James, blacksmith, b W A Henry. 

Murphy John, carpenter, Congress e Rivard st. 

Murphy James, carpenter, Macomb av nr Grand River st. 

Murphy John, tailor, Howard w Cass st. 

Murphy Denis, laborer, Earned w Griswold st. 

Murphy Jeremiah, laborer, Front w First st. 

Murphy E, ostler. Commercial Hotel. 

Murphy Denis, laborer, cor Earned and Griswold sts. 

Murray John, proprietor Commercial Hotel. 

Murray Edward, tailor, Earned e Randolph st. 

Murray Andrew VV, joiner, b R W Warner. 

Mussle Thomas, laborer, b John Hurdle. 

Myers Henry, remover of buildings, Farrar n State st. 

Myers James, engineer, Earned w Hastings si. 

Myers Jesse, laborer, do do 

Myers Edward, cabinet maker, Clinton e Antoine st. 

Myers Andrew, joiner, cor Earned and Rivard sis. 

IV. 

Nagle Morris, joiner, Earned e Rivard st. 

Nash Patrick, blacksm.ith, Fort e Randolph st. 

Nash Samuel VV, clerk VVillard Parker. 

Navarre Antoine, laborer. Pine e Hastings st. ^ 

Needham Norris, carpenter, Congress e Beaubien st. 

Neidarstadt George, shoemaker, Macomb e Beaubien st. 

Nesbitt W, grocery, cor Earned and Wayne st. 

Ness Richard, grocery, cor Franklin and Rivard sts. 

Neveaux Eouis, painter, Jeff av w Brush st, r Congress e Rivard 

St. 

Neveaux Anthony, carpenter, Eafayette e Brugh st. 

Newington , joiner, b W Thompson's Hotel. 

Newbould Alexander H, hardware k,c, Jeff av w Woodward av, 

b Wales' Hotel. 
Newberry Oliver, forwarding merchant, Front foot second st, r 

Shelby n Congress st. 
Newberry Henry, do do 

Newman Henry, baker, Atwater, e Brush st. 
Newman William, corn roaUer^ Columbia w Park st. 
Nicholson, Francis, stove maker, b H Gordonier. 
Nicholson Benj F, mason, b H Eangley. 



124 DETROIT 

Nicholson Thomas, teamster, R R Hotel. 

Nichols Peter, second mate steamboat Boston, Woodbridgc e 

Wayne st. 
Nichols Melville S, clerk H Lyon, b Franklin House. 
Nichols C C, afrenl, b Mrs Dygert. 
Noble John C, Express ofRce,'under Farmers k. Mechanics Bank, 

Jeif av, b D A A Ens worth. 
Noble Israel, boarding* house, corState and Farrar sts. 
Noble Wm, currier, do do 

Nolan Patrick, Front e First st. 
Nolan Daniel, laborer, Woodbridge e Bates st. 
Nolan Edward, grocery, cor Woodbridge and Cass sts. 
Nolan Lawrence, laborer, Larned w Wayne. 
Nolan Luke, drayman, Larned w Wayne- 
Nolan Michael, laborer, Griswold near Larned st. 
Nolan Mrs Sarah, Bates near Farmer st. 
Northrup J, blacksmith, Michigan Grand av. 
Northrup Harrison, Jeff av e Wayne st. 

Norvell John, U S Attorney, office U S building, r Hamtramck. 
Norton John, tailor, Michigan av, e Griswold st. 
Norton John, groceiy, cor Macomb av and Grand River st. 
Norton Samuel, saddler, b R R Hotel. 
Norton Joseph A, clerk C R R depot. 
Norris L D, b National Hotel. 
Noyes Wm R jr, hardware k.c, Woodward av n Larned st, b Na 

tional Hotel. 
Nugent William, shoemaker, Witherell n Elizabeth st. 

o. 

Oakley George, laborer. Fort e Beaubien st. 

Oaks Peter, laborer, alley, s Woodbridge, w Randolph st. 

O'Beirne Hugh, justice peace, office over King's clothing store^ 

cor Jeff and Woodward avs, r First n Congress, st. 
O'Brine John, laborer, cor Orleans and Macomb st. 
O'Brien Miss, select school, Jeff av w Brush st. 
O'Brien Dennis, teacher, Larned e Randolph st. 
O'Brien James, laborer, cor Fort and Third sts. 
O'Callaghan William, grocery and provisions, Randolph st oppo- 

ste Berthelet Market. 
O'Callaghan Jeremiah, grocery, cor Wood av and Atwater st. 
Ocksenfalt Adolphus, carpenter, Franklin e Hastings st. 
Ocksenfalt Ferdinand, wagon maker, do do 

Ocksenfalt Francis, tailor, do do 

Ockford Enos, cabinet maker, cor Wood av and John R st. 
Ockford Cornelius, clerk, do do 

O'Connor Thomas, shoemaker, Brush n Gratiot st. 



DIRECTORY. 125 

Odell William, shingle maker, cor Hastings and At water sts. 

Odell Benj, farmer, do do 

O'Donnell John, grocery, cor Randolph st and Berthclet alley. 

O'Flynn Cornelius, Judge of Probate, office cor Congress and 
Griswold sts, r JefFav e Riopelle st. 

Ohio House, by John Hancock, cor Wood av and Woodbridge sts. 

O'Keefe George, Antoine n Congress st. 

O'Keefe Michael, tailor, Woodbridge e Griswold st. 

O'Leary Humphrey, boiler maker, Jeff av w Shelby st, 

Oliver Mathew, mason, Woodbridge e Randolph st. 

O'Madden Anthon}', inspector of customs, r Hastings s Wood- 
bridge St. 

O'Malley Charles, b Mrs H S Cole. 

Orth Rudolph, tailor, Macomb nr Antoine st. 

Orth John, shoemaker, do do 

Orth Michael, carpenter, Croghan e Hastings st. 

Osborn David S, bakery, Griswold nr Lamed st, r Congre'ss w 
First St. 

Osborn David S, cor Congress and Brush sts. 

Osborn George, b Mrs Barton. 

0th Damion, cabinet maker, Stevens &, Zug. 

Otis Asa H, jailor, State st. 

Otto Gustavus, painter, Macomb w Antoine st. 

Owen John, & Co, wholesale and retail grocers and druggists, 
JefF av nr Shelby st. 

Owen John, Fort w Shelby st. 

Owen John G, clerk A Goodell, r Randolph n Croghan st. 

Owen Humphrey, millwright, Eagle Steam Saw-mill. 

p. 

Pack John, Brush n Gratiot st. 

Paddock William, clerk Theodore H Eaton. 

Paddock Charles, clerk, b Barney's Hotel. 

Padberg Bernard, cabinet maker, Fort e Hastings st. 

Page h Ash, sausage store, .leff av e Bates st. 

Page Peter, Randolph n Fort st. 

Page Benj, carpenter. Farmer w Bates st. 

Page Charles R, saddler. Grand River st w Macomb av. 

Palmer Jno &, Co, dry goods, Jeffav e Griswofd st. 

Palmer John, cor Fort and Griswold sts. 

Palmer Mason, director of the poor, office City Hall, r cor Fort 

and Wayne sts. 
Palmer Thomas, cor Fort and Shelby sts. 
Palmer Friend, quartermaster department, b Mrs Hinchman» 
Palmer Nehemiah, carpenter, State e Farmer st. 
Palmer Eli, painter, b J Atkinson. 
11* 



126 DETROIT 

Palmer Jonathan C, carpenter, Seth Case. 
Palmer Samuel, do do 

Palmer , carpenter, cor Fort and Brush sts. 

Palmer James, boat builder Wm. Gooding. 
Palmer John, laborer, Chas Howard k, Co. 
Palms Francis R, (F Moore k, Co,) cor Woodward avand Grand 

River st. 
Pangbourn Jeremiah, carpenter, b Lucius Thompson. 
Partridge Timothy, Lafayette w Shelby st. 
Partridge Joseph, turner, b Thomas Cranage. 
Partridge Timothy L, clerk Olney Cook. 
Parmenti Joseph, carpenter, VVoodbridge e Orleans st. 
Parshall P, joiner, b Grand River House. 
Partram Lawrence, mason, Macomb e Hastings st. 
Parsons Philo, clerk R Town, b Mrs Hartwell. 
Parsons George, tinsmith, Cass n Larned st. 
Parker Willard, leather store, Woodward av n Congress st, r 

Griswold n Larned st. 
Parker Thomas A, (Clark & Parker,) b George A Clark. 
Parker Prince, grocer. Woodward av, b Mansion House. 
Parker James, carpenter, Beaubien.n Louis Latour. 
Pans Rev Augustus, bishop's house, Randolph st. 
Parre Mrs, cor Second and Abbott st. 
Patterson Samuel, carpenter, Clinton e Hastings st. 
Patterson George, mason, Rivard n Larned st. 
Patrick William P, (G F Rood k. Co,) Lafayette e Griswold st. 
Patton John, blacksmith. Brush nr Woodbridgt st. 
Paton Alexander, Cottage, cor Gratiot and Russell sts. 
Paton Carmichael, grocery, Withercll n Elizabeth sts. 
Paton Walter, do do 

Paton William, grocery, cor Beaubien and Clinton si. 
Paton k Co, grocery, cor Fort and Rivard sts. 
Paton Samuel, do do 

Paton Robert, laborer, C R R depot. 
Patch Squire W, joiner, cor Washington av and state st. 
Paull Gideon, clerk Aud Gen office, b Orus Field. 
Payment M G, dry-goods, Jefferson av Desnoyers block, r cor 

Jeff av and Riopelle st. 
Payet Francis, cor Larned and Rivard sts. 
Pearce Henry, saddler, Columbia w Park st. 
Pearce Edwin, carpenter, cor Fort and Hastings sts. 
Pease and Sumner, dry-goods, Woodward av n Jeff av. 
Pease George B, b S VVilmot. 
Peche Laguire, laborer, Gratiot e Hastings st. 
Peche Louis, laborer, do 

Peck Carlos, shoemaker, Farrar st n Monroe av. 



DIREGTOBT. I2T 

Peltier Charles, grocery, i^bbotl's block near old ferry house, r 
Congress e Beaubien st, 

Pender Frederick, grocery, Woodbridge e First st. 

Penny Mrs, Clinton e Beaubien st. 

Peppin Bozziel, carpenter, Howard nr Second st. 

Peppin Francis, cartman, Clinton e Beaubien st, 

Perkins William, servant Lewis Cass. 

Perrez Dr, cor Fort and Hastings sts. 

Perin &. Gibson, dry goods k-c, Jeft'w Woodward avs. 

Perin Hiram M, Farrar n Grand River st. 

Perin Abial, bU S Hotel. 

Perry Henry E, saw mills, Springwells, b Commercial Hotel. 

Perry Alexander, laborer, Atwatsr nr Hastings st. 

Perry Joseph H, currl'er, Jeff av w Rivard st. 

Perry laborer, cor Brush st and Berthelet alley. 

Petnmouix Francis, cabinet maker, Macomb w Antoine at. 

Peters William E, stone cutter, Congress e Antoine st. 

Peters S E, stone cutter, b R R Exchano^e. 

Peters George W, mason, Lamed e Brush st. 

Peters John B, joiner, cor Antoine and Franklin st. 

Peters Denis, engineer, Hastings s Franklin st. 

Petts Jonathan, carpenter, Brush n Macomb st. 

Pexton Peter, master mariner, First n Lamed st. 

Pexton John, carpenter, do 

Pfoeter Frederick, bar-keeper Fourth Ward House. 

Phelps William, wholesale confectioner. Woodward av nr Mili- 
tary Square. 

Phelps^Ralph, confectioner, Wayne n Larned st, 

Phelps Lyman, Pianoforte maker, b Mrs Kingsley. 

Phelps Lewis, do do 

Phelps Francis E, fur dealer, (J Chester,) b National Hotel. ] 

Phillippe John, grocery, cor Atwater and Antoine sts. 

Phillips Mrs, boarding house, Larned \v Second st. 

Phillips Joel, ship joiner, do 

Phillips John P, Fort w Wayne st. 

Phillips Abraham L, chair painter, b J Vaile. 

Picord Joseph, carpenter, Gratiot w Hastings st. 

Picord Joseph, carpenter, cor Woodbridge and Riopelle sts, 

Pierson Robert, ostler Eagle Tavern. 

Pierce George, joiner, Washington av n Grand River st. 

Pinkham George W, shoemaker, Larned nr Griswold st. 

Pindar George, carpenter, Adams av w Park st. 

Pindar Miss, dress maker he, State w Farmer st. 

Piquette Charles,watchmaker,fec, cor Jeff av and Griswold sts, b 
Thomas C Sheldon. 

Pirce Caleb A, engmeer Atwater e Hastings st, 

Pittman Jas E, book keeper Lavvson &t Howard. 



128 DETROIT 

Pitcher Dr Zina, cor Congress and Wayne sts. 

Pitcher Edward, (Knig-ht & Pitcher,) b Dr Z Pitcher. 

Pitts Samuel, sawing and planing mills Hamtramck, r n side Jeff 
av first house w Hamtramck. 

Platner James H, grocery, Michigan av opposite Central Rail- 
road. 

Plantz Adam, blacksmith, Monroe av, r Macomb e Randolph st, 

Piatt Wesley, carpenter, b Grand River House, 

Plum Jacob, ostler Franklin House. 

Pomroy G A, finisher, b W W Clark. 

Pool Dr, cor Beaubien and Macomb sts. 

Pope William A, tobacconist b Eagle tavern. 

Porter George F, Joy k, Porter,) cor Jeff av and Beaubien sis. 

Porter Augustus S, law office Jeff av w Griswold st, r River side 
Springwells. 

Porter John F, acting com B Internal Imp, office State building 
Griswold st, b National Hotel. 

Porter Mrs, Congress e Brush st. 

Post E F, clerk, b Mrs Hartwell. 

Potter Ira, blacksmith, P'ort e Rivard st. 

Potter John, carpenter, do 

Potter John E, carpenter, First nr Larned st, 

Poupard Simon, clerk Gray k, Lewis, r Jeff av. 

Poupard Andrew, blacksmith, b A Chope, 

Powell Adonijah C, tailor, Jeff av nr Shelby st, r Rowland st 
opposite Capitol. 

Powell Joseph, joiner, Cass n Lafayette st. 

Powers John, laborer, Larned e Griswold st. 

Powers Michael, laborer, Larned e Bates st. 

Power Michael, head waiter Wale's Hotel. 

Prague Samuel, carpenter, Adams av e Grand Circus. 

Pratt Samuel, carpenter, cor Congress and Rivard sts. 

Pratt George, engineer C R R. 

Preusser VVilliam, watch maker, Jeff av, r Fort e Antoine st. 

Presley Solomon, Atwater vv Hastings st. 

Prentis John, lawyer, Woodward av n State st. 

Prentis Eben, do do 

Priest John, ship joiner, b J S^ott. 

Priest Jerome, blacksmith, Woodward av w Beaubien st. 

Prior John, grocer, Clinton e Antoine st. 

Price Eleazer, tannery, cor Fort and Randolph sis. 

Price Shem, currier, Antoine n Fort st. 

Prouty Nathaniel, b Mrs Erskine. 

Prouty Fletcher, clerk G fo J G Hill. 

Prouty Alpheus, laborer, B Wight. 

Puegoet Francis, engineer. Grand River w Rowland st . 

Puller Peter, Croghan w Beaubien st. 



DIRECTORY. 129 

Pulte Anthony, grocer, Michigan Grand av, r Fort e Hastings st. 

Purchase William, porter, Wales' Hotel. 

Purcell William, moulder, Abbott w Second st. 

Purdy William, b Fri^nklin House. 

Putman Miss, millinery &.c, .TefF av \v Griswold st. 

Pye Charles, laborer, Catharine w Rivard st. 

Quackenboss David, Rowland st opposite capitol. 

Quarry Moses, laborer, Fianklin e Brush st. 

Quinlan John, cor Congress and Third sts. 

Quinton George, shoemaker, Bruj;h st n Borthelet alley. 

Quick David, joiner. Eagle Steam Saw Mill. 

Quin Patrick. Woodbridge w First st, 

Quin John, wagon maker, b Mrs Scanlan. 

Quid Cornelius. Congress e Autoine. 

K. 

Rademacher Mrs, grocery, cor Jeff av and Brush st. 

Rademacher Peter, fancy turner, Jeff av e Bates st. 

Rademacher John, mason, Macomb ■\- Antoine st. 

Radford Robert, shoemaker, state building, Griswold st. 

Raegus Francis, laborer, Fort e Hastings st. 

Railroad Hotel, Hiram R Andrews prop, Military square. 

Railroad Exchange, Charles J Beardslee prop, Michigan Grand 

av. 
Railroad Temperance Hotel, cor Washington and Michigan avs. 

Rainback , laborer, b A Pulte. 

Rand'jlph & Brother, dry goods &c, Jeff av w Woodward av. 

Randolph Edgar, b Wales' Hotel. 

Randolph William, b Mrs Ingersoll. 

Rankin James, brass founder, cor Brush and Croghan st. 

Rankin Lewis, shoe store, Jeft av e Griswold st, b O Field. 

Rathbun Stephen C, tailor, cor Gratiot and Antoine sis. 

Rave Henry, shoemaker, Croghan e Antoine st. 

Raymond Francis, (Hallock & Raymond,) Earned w Antoine st. 

Raymond William A, dry goods, cor Jeff av and Bates st, b F 

Raymond. 
Raymond Joseph, master mariner, Beaubien n Columbia st. 
Ray Gilbert, cabinet maker, b Mrs Kiltredge. 
Ray AlonzoT, b J W Woolsey. 
Reaume Robert, carpenter, Jeff av e Antoine st. 
Reeve fo Co, dry goods, Woodward n Jeff avs.. 
Reeve Selah, b Michigan Exchange. 
Reece Thomas, coppersmith, Randolph n Gratiot 6t. 



150 DETROIT 

Regner Adam, warehouse man, cor Porter and Third sts. 

RejS^an Dominick, cartman, Abbott w Third st. 

Reichenback George F, printer, C Willcox. 

Reid John, ship joiner, b J Stott. 

Reid Joseph, ship joiner, Larned e Griswold st. 

Remington William L, bakery, cor Wayne and Woodbridge st. 

Rendskopf Moses, Solomon Bendit. 

Renoux Jatnes, laborer, Atvvater e Brush st. 

Reno John, grocery, JefFav e Riopellest. 

Reno Michael, carpenter, cor Hastings and Croghan sts. 

Reome Paul, mason, Howard near First st. 

Rescue Joseph, laborer. Pine e Hastings st. 

Reynolds Michael, laborer, Larned w Brush st. 

Rhodes Eben. carpenter, Croghan e Brush st. 

Rhuel Edward, painter, Woodbridge w Antoine st. 

Rhuel Francis, carpenter, Atvvater w Rlopelle st. 

Richardson Johnson, dry goods, JefFav e Shelby st. 

Richardson Harry, clerk do 

Richardson John, cor Randolph and Atvvater sis. 

Richmond William A, Sup't Indian Affairs, office Jeff av w Gris- 
wold st, b National Hotel. 

Richmond Arouet, book-binder, Denoyers' block, Jeff av, r Miami 
av n State st. 

Richmond Benj B, book-feinder, b A Richmond. 

Richmond Charles, clerk post-office, b National Hotel. 

Richards Rev S, parsonage house. Congress st adjacent Second 
Methodist Church 

Rice Dr Randall S, Jeff av e Antoine st. 

Rice Amory A, (Carpenter &, Rice,) b Wales' Hotel. 

Rice William, Grand River st w Macomb av. 

Rich George M, groceries and provisions, cor Jeff av and Ran- 
dolph St. 

Rider William, laborer, Michigan av w Shelby st. 

Riebel Mrs, cor Griswold and Woodbridge sts. 

Rieder Christian, laborer, Hastings n Lafayette st. 

Right Robert, mason, Atvvater w Riopelle st. 

Riley Col, U S I'^rmy, cov Larned and Antoine sts. 

Riley Nicholas, tailor, Woodbridge vv Griswold st, 

Riley Edward, blacksmith, b Mrs Scanlan. 

Riley Tearns, laborer, Mrs Sibley. 

Riley William, laborer, Gratiot w Hastings st. 

Riopelle Dominick, Atvvater w Riopelle st. 

Riopelle Dominick y; cor Franklin and Riopelle sts. 

Ripley Pirum, Bethel Temperance House, cor Jeff av and First st. 

Risley Edward, carpenter, Franklin e Antoine st. 
Risley Erastns, do cor Michigan av and Cass st. 
Rittcnburgh Isaac C, joiner, b W Thompson's Hotel. 



DIRECTORY. 131 

Ritches Thomas, engineer, b Mansion House. 

Ritchie William, laborer, Larned e Brush st. 

Rivenez Peter, carpenter, cor VVoodbridgfe and Wayne st3. 

Rivard Mrs. cor Larned and Rivard sts. 

Rivard Fabian, farmer, Gratiot e Rivard st. 

Roach John, laborer, Larned w Wayne st. 

Robertson Robert, carpenter, cor Elizabeth and Clifford st. 

Robertson William, engineer, E\g-le Steam Saw-mill. 

Robertson Thomas, warehouse man, b W A Henry. 

Robertson Alexander, laborer. Fort e Beaubien st. 

Robertson Alexander, boiler maker, Front st. 

Robinson Mathias, proprietor U S Hotel, Woodbridge w Gris- 

wold St. 
Robinson John, (steamboat Boston,) b Wm F Chittenden. 
Robinson Samuel, do do 

Robinson John, grocery, cor Lafayette and Shelby sts. 
Robinson k, Worden, painters, Woodward av n Atwater st. 
Robinson Samuel, First n Lafayette st. 
Robinson John Jun, Monroe av nr Farmer st. 
Robinson James, wagon shop, Jeff av e Beaubien st, r cor Fort 

and Riopelle sts. 
Robinson Thomas, engineer Lafayette w Cass st, 
Robinson Henry M, cabinet maker. State e Farmer st. 
Robinson James, maltster, cor Larned and First sts. 
Robinson Russell, carpenter, cor Brush and Croghan sts. 
Robinson John, laborer, Chas Howard & Co. 
Robinson Lawton H, grocery. Woodward av nr Atwater st. 
Robinson Mrs Frances C, Brush n Larned st. 
Roberts Robert E, City Clerk, office Firemen's Hall, r Congresa 

e Brush st. 
Roberts John, soap and candle factory, Atwater st, r Woodward 

av n Military square. 
Roberts Ellis, b John Roberts. 
Roberts William, tailor, Jeff av e Bates st. 
Roberts Benjamin, Franklin e Rivard st. 
Roberts William, carpenter, b Benj. Roberts. 
Roberts Albert, carpenter, b do 

Roberts Horace C, clerk, James A Hicks. 
Roberts Chester J, chair maker, Macomb av nr Clifford st. 
Roberts E J, Griswotd n Larned st. 
Roberts Mrs A D, millinery he, Larned e Beaubien st. 
Robbins k, Hubbard, gold pen manufacturers, Jeff av e Bates st, 
Robbins George C, b Mrs Hale. 
Robson William, Congress e Woodward av. 
Robb James, ice vender, b Barney's Hotel. 
Robb George, law office cor Jeff and Woodward av, r cor Gratiot 

and Brush st. 



13:2 DETROIT 

Roby Reuel, clerk J Owen &. Co. 

Roby Henry, book-keeper, J N Elbert, b Mrs Doty. 

Rodgers William, baker, David S Osborn. 

Rodier Noel, carpenter, Clinton e Antoine st. 

Rofc Edward, hair dresser, VVm Tate, r JefFenson av. w Brush st. 

Rogers Ebenezer H, law office, Desnoyers block, JefFav, b Grove 

D Rogers. 
Rogers Grove D. constable, Elizabeth w Witherell st. 
Rogers Joseph, laborer, Atvvatcr e Antoine si. 
Rogers James B, bar keeper Tobias Lowe. 
Roll Bernard, shoe maker, Griswold n Atwater st. 
Romeyn Theodore, law office, Griswold st near custom house, r 

cor Fort and Wayne sts. 
Rood G F k, Co^ Stationers' Hall, Jeff av near Shelby st. 
Rood Gilbert F, Lafayette e Shelby st. 
Rood Ezra, Larned w Shelby st. 
Rood Henry, chair painter, b Israel Noble. 
R6od Henry, printer, under Second Methodist church. Congress 

St. 

Ross James, saddle?, b Eagle Tavern. 

Rothwell James, cooper, b J Stutt. 

Roth Volkert W, dry goods he, Phoenix block, Jeff av, b Nation- 
al Hotel. 

Rousseau Joseph, mason, Mullett e Russell st. 

Rousseau Joseph, tinsmith, Mullett e Orleans st. 

Rouleau John, boarding house, foot Bates st. 

Rowland Thomas, cor Washington av and State st. 

Rowland Patrick, shoemaker, b J Vaile. 

Rowley Martin, servant John McDonell. 

Rowney William, laborer, cor Washington av and State st. 

Royce Calvin C, cabinet maker, b Thomas Cranage. 

Royce William, carpenter, cor Miami av and State st. 

Roys Alpheus H, sash maker, cor Beaubien and Cangress sts. 

Roys James A, book dealer, b Railroad Hotel. 

Rudolph Israel, b Rev J F Winklers. 

Ruehle John V, Brush n Gratiot st. 

Ruehle John V Jun, grocery, cor Gratiot and Brush sts. 

Ruehle Frederick, grocery, Atwater e Antoine sts. 

Ruell Eusebius, carpenter. Fort e Russell st. 

Rumney John, groceries, Wood av Wardell's block, b Wales' 
Hotel. 

Rumsey James G, clerk Aud Gen office, b O M Hyde. 

Russell William, cor Hastings and Woodbridge sts. 

Russell Dr, office Jeff av e Shelby st, r Fort w Shelby st. 

Russell Thomas, joiner, cor Franklin and Beaubien sts. 

Rush Michael, laborer. Congress e Antoine st, 

Ryan John, stone cutter, cor Grand River and Park sts. 



DIRECTORY. 133 

S. 

Sabine John, saddler, Jeft av opposite Wales' Hotel, r Lafayette 
e Beaubien st. 

Sabine John C, saddler, Witherell st n Adams av, r Columbia w 
Park St. 

Sabine William, saddler, Antoine n Fort st. 

Sadler Caleb L, blacksmith, cor Park and State sts. 

Sadler Leonard, blacksmith, Woodbridge st opposite U S Hotel. 

Sadler Joshua, laborer, Griswold n Grand River st. 

Sageman Henry, laborer, Franklin e Beaubien st. 

Sageman Stephen, do do <io 

Sage Mrs, cor Randolph st and Michigan Grand av. 

Sage Michael, wagon maker, Gratiot w Hastings st, 

St Amour Eugene, carpenter, Gratiot e Hastings st. 

St Amour Francis, wagon shopandgrocerycor Gratiot and Ran- 
dolph st. 

St Amour Leander, clerk G &i J G Hill. 

St Clair Lumber Yard, Atwater e Bates st. 

St Clair Hotel, cor Atwater and Beaubien sts. 

St Dizier Joseph, laborer, Mrs Doty. 

St John James, engineer, b Indiana House. 

Salter Marvin, proprietor Grand River House. 

Salter Israel, do 

Salter Robert, servant David Thompson. 

Salyer Seth, cooper, Woodward av n John R st. 

Sampe Francis, laborer, cor Fort and Third sts, 

Sanders George, stone cutter, Lafayette w Shelby st. 

Sanford Rev John, b John Farrar. 

Sasher Charles, machinist, Howard w Cass st. 

Sash Factory, Atwater e Hastings st. 

Saunders Geo, boarding house, Woodward av n Military Square. 

Scamadan James, blacksmith, Larned e Randolph st, r Fort e 
Brush st. 

Scanlan widow, Woodbridge near Wayne st. 

Scadin &l Avery, furniture warehouse, Jeff av near Shelby st. 

Scadin Robert C, Larned w Griswold st. 

Scarbo Francis, laborer, Gratiot w Rivard st. 

Schoolcraft Henry R, b National Hotel. 

Schmittdiel John, grocery, cor Fort and Antoine sts. 

Schmittdiel Henry, shoe maker, Clinton e Antoine st. 

Schmittdiel Conrad, laborer, cor Clinton and Antoine sts. 

Schmitt John G, grocery, cor Macomb and Hastings sts. 

Schmitl John, printer, Croghan e Rivard st. 

Schmitt Henry, do cor Hastings and Macomb sts. 

Schweitzer Adam, laborer, cor Rivard and Croghan. 

Schneider James, tailor, Jefl'av e Randolph st. 

n 



134 DETROIT 

Schvvenck John, organ builder, Woodbridge e Bates st, 

Schwenck George do do do 

Schairer John, tailor, b Mrs Barton. 

Schlidtz Andrew, laborer, Franklin e Rivard st. 

Schotler John, tailor, Jeff av, opposite Wales' Hotel. 

Scbenck Samuel, Woodbridge w Beaubien st. 

Schaff Philip, cabinet maker, Stevens & Zug. 

Scovell Nelson, Croghan w Beaubien st. 

Scovel Dr J B, office Jeff av vv Randolph st, b Barney's Hotel. 

Scott John, Fort vv Shelby st. 

Scott Mrs, Woodward av above Military Square. 

Scott John, laborer, Griswold n Giand River st. 

Scott William, carpenter, Macomb av s Grand River st. 

Scott Samuel, carpenter, b W Thompson's Hotel. 

Scott Sylvester, driver. Railroad Exchange. 

Seaman Ezra C, attorney and counsellor at law, house and office 

on Griswold st, opposite the new court house. 
Seefried John C, carpenter, cor Franlin and Orleans sts. 
Seitz Frederick, shoe make, Atwater e Antoine st. 
Selline Adarn, cor Alullet and Riopelle sts, 
Selden Barziliai M, chair maker, Cass n Lafayette st. 
Selden Merit, chnir maker, cor Cass and Michigan av. 
Sellon William, laborer, b Mrs F s ler. 
Semple John, laborer, Fort near Fourth st. 
Setnght Malhew, grocery, Atwater st w V/oodward av. 
Sevigne Louis^ Woodbridge e Antoine st. 
Sevald John B, grocery, Griswold n Atwater st. 
Seweli Henry, pattern maker, Kendrick k, Co. 
Seymour John C W, Teller Farmers' U Mechanics' Bank, b Col 

Edward Brooks. 
Seymour E G, b National Hotel. 

Shalderbran Joseph, carpenter, Catharine near Orleans st. 
Shannessy Patrick, blacksmith. Farmer w Randolph st. 
Shannessy Jeremiah, boot maker, Adams av e Grand Circus. 
Shannessy Thomas, mason, Elizabeth e William st. 
Shattuck Lyscom, laborer, b H Gordonier. 
Shanley i- dward, drayman, Elizabeth e William st. 
Shannon James, laborer. Earned vv Brush st. 

Shannon , carpenter, Clinton e Hastings st. 

Sharp Mrs Lucindti, Earned e Antoine st. 

Sharp , joiner, b Grand River House. 

Shaw Daniel, saddler, Griswold st near custom house, r Monroe 

av. 
Shaw William, tavern, cor Michigan av and Griswold st. 
Shaw John, clerk, Woodbridge vv First st. 
Shaw Abel W, tailor. Woodward av n Atwater st, r Congress e 

Hastings. 



DIRECTORY. 



135 



{Sherlock James, grocery, cor Jeff av and Antoine st. 

Shepherd Adolphus, grocery, Michigan av opposite C RR depot. 

Sheldon Thomas C, cor Fort and Wayne sts. 

Sheldon Garwood T, law office E C Seaman. 

Shepard &- Co, hardware kc, Woodward av 3 doors below Jeff 
av. 

Shepard Edward, Monroe av e Farmer st. 

Shearer George, carpenter, H Moffet. 

Shekles Noah, mason. Bates n Farmer st. 

Sheley Alans.on, farmer n State st. 

Sheely Jacob, Atwater e Antoine st. 

Sheare , carpenter, b Mrs Dean. 

Shier Michael, carpenter, cor Harriet and Randolph sts. 

Shier John, tanner, Catharine e Russell st. 

Shier Adam, do do do 

Shonacher Hubert, piano forte maker, Lafayette e Randolph st. 

Shoemaker Mathias, shoemaker, Macomb w Hastings st. 

Shoufta George, Clinton e Antoine st. 

Short Henry and John, tailors, cor Jeff av and Shelby st. 

Shofl'Francis baker. J Copland. 

Shove Josiah, clerk, b Wm Moore. 

Sibley Mrs, Jefi'av e Antoine st. 

Sibley Frederick, do 

Sibley Alexander, do 

Silberman Jacob, b St Clair Hotel. 

Simpson William, laborer, Michig-an av e Shelby st. 

Simpson Jeremiah, carpenter. Bates n Farmer st. 

Singleton James, tailor, Brush n Woodbridge st. 

Sinclair John H, law oflice under State bank, Jeff av, b Mrs Dean. 

Slaymaker James, clerk J Holmes &- Co, b Mrs Porter. 

Slater &. Byram, plane manufacturers. Congress e Woodward av. 

Slater James M, Adams av near Clifford st. 

Slater John, book-binder,- Adams av near Clifford st. 

Slater John R, driver National Hotel, r Elizabeth w Witherell st. 

Smith fc Dwio-ht, dry g-oods, Jeff av w Woodward av. 

Smith Rollin C, cor Griswold and Lafayette sts. 

Smith William F, Eagle Steam Saw and Planing Mills, cor At- 
water and Riopelle sts, b Wm Moore. 

Smith Stephen, (A C McGiaw & Co,) cor Earned and Wayne 
sts. 

Smith Austin, cooper, Woodbridge w Griswold st. 

Smith Joseph, shoemaker, At^water e Hastings st. 

Smith James, weaver, do do 

Smith James, Woodbridge e Shelby st. 

Smith Thomas, grocery, cor Woodbridge and Brush sts. 

Smith John, wagon maker, b A Tuttle. 



136 DETROIT 

Smith E, tailor, Jeffav, r Macomb c Brush st. 

Smith John, shoe store, Jeff av w Brush st. 

Smith Ralph C, clerk H Walker. 

Smith John, laborer. Fort w Hastings st. 

Smith Hugh, Macomb e Brush st. 

Smith John N, shoemaker, cor Columbia and Cliffurd st» 

Smith George, mason, Macomb e Antoine st. 

Smith Nathan, carpenter, Woodward n State st. 

Smith Nelson, b James G Crane. 

Smith Hiram, ostler C Clarkes' Livery Stables. 

Smith Robert, carpenter, cor Brush and Harriet sts. 

Smith Jacob, laborer, National Hotel. 

Smith Venus, cook Railroad Hotel. 

Smith Archibald, (colored,) barber. Woodbridge near First st. 

Smart David, office cor Jeff and Woodward avs, b Mrs Doty. 

Smale John, piano forte maker, b Mrs Kingsley, 

Smolk Abraham, carpenter, Larned e First st. 

Smolk Allen F, do do do 

Smolk Charles A, do do do 

Smyth Wyllys, printer, b Geo Hackstaff. 

Sneider Adam, laborer, Fort e Brush st. 

Sneider Andrew, painter. Congress e Hastings st. 

Sneider George, Fort e Antoine st. 

Sneider Nicholas, Croghan e Orleans st. 

Sneider William, carpenter, Croghan w Antoine st. 

Sneider Peter, laborer. Brush n Gratiot st. 

Snook John, furniture warehouse, Griswoldst, r Wayne d Jeffav. 

Snow William, manufacturer screen wire cloth, cor Woodward 

av and Woodbridge st. 
Snow William N, book-keeper Michigan Insurance Bank, b J L 

Whiting. 
Sofftje John H, teacher music. Congress e Beaubien st. 
Solis David H, printer, b Mansion House. 
Sorley Andrew, clerk, b H Gaylord. 
Southard James, mariner, Wayne n Lafayette st. 
Sour Peter, laborer, b A Pulte. . 

Sowersby William, grocery. Woodward av near Larned st, 
Sowersby PaulL cor Atwaler and Beaubien sts. 
Spangenbergh Charles, shoemaker, b Mrs Riebel. 
Spilding Hiram, fireman Central Railroad. 
Spalding Ira J, captain. Central Railroad, r Woodward av c: 

Military Square. 
Spaulding William, b Ira J Spaulding. 
Spafford Horatio L, law student, b Samuel Barstow. 
Sparling Benj, painter, b Mrs Esdell. 
Spavm George, laborer, Francis Eldred. 
Spencer Gairy, (Calhoun &z, Spencer) Jeff av e Brush st. 



DIRECTORY. l'^7 

Sperry S H, blacksmith, b J W Woolsey. 

Spear Lancelot, cabinet maker, Congress e Rivard st. 

Spear Murray, joiner, Pine eHastiugs st. 

Sppring Harmon, cabinet maker, Stevens k, Zug, 

Springer Henry, morocco dresser, b N Tomlinson. 

Sprague Ara W, (Bishop k, Spragiie,) b Wales Hotel. 

Sprague Columbus, carpenter, b Uavid Weeks. 

Sprague Asahel, carpenter, Farmer w Bates st. 

Sprague John F, b W Thompsons Hotel. 

Staermalz Antoine, laborer, Macomb e Antoine st. 

Stanton Lodowick jr, teacher, b Mrs Mather. 

Stanton Vere, mariner, Adams av near Randolph st. 

Stadler Dominick, cor Fort and Brush sts. 

Stauch Peter printer, Fort e Antoine st. 

Stauch George A, cooper, Catharine e Russell st. 

Stauch Jacob, Fort e Antoine st. 

Stark Philander H, German & English physician, Woodward av, 
n State st. 

Stevenson George, jeweler, b Mrs Fisher. 

Stevenson Henry, laborer, b Wm Robson. 

Stebbins Dr, Congress w Griswold st. 

Stevens Sears, notary public, law buildings Woodward av, b Mrs 
Ingersoil. 

Stephens James, wood inspector and boarding house, Woodbridge 
e Cass st. 

Stephens William, porter, R R Exchange. 

Stephens Thomas B K, b B B Davis. 

Stewart James, Sup Hydraulics, office City Hall, Hardware k-c. 
Woodward av n Congress st, r Macomb e Brush st. 

Stewart Charles H, law office,law buildings, Woodward av, r"cor 
Fort and Second sts. 

Stewart Dr Marshall P, (Allen k, Stewart,) r Rowland st oppo- 
site Capitol. 

Stewart Dr M, office Jeff av near Bates st, b Mrs Porter. 

Stewart Charles, brass founder, Franklin w Beaubien st. 

Stewart William, grocery, cor Woodbridge and Shelby sts. 

Stewart Robert, Congress w Second st. 

Stewart Robert jr, do do 

Stewart David, laborer, do 

Stewart Duncan, do Dorr k Webb. 

Stewart Andrew, provisions, Woodbridge e Second st. 

Stewart John, grocery, Atwater w Griswold st. 

Stewart William, laborer, Abbott w Cass st. 

Stearns Willard, farmer, Cass farm. Grand River st. 

Stevens h Zug, furniture warehouse, JefFav w Shelby st. 

Stevens Marcus, Congress w First st. 

Stevens Amos, cabinet maker, b Mrs Dean. 
12* 



138 DETROIT 

Stevens John, cabinet maker, Columbia w Beaubien st. 

Stevens John, coppersmith, Larned e Hastings st. 

Stevens William F, shoemaker, Miami av n John R st. 

Stevens Josiah, carpenter, First n Congress st. 

Stevens Martin, carpenter, Hastings n Congress st. 

Stenton Francis, Congress e Antoine st. 

Steiger George, clerk Reeve k Co, r Congress w Wayne st. 

Stead William, grocery. Woodward av near Larned st, r Wood- 
ward av near Grand Circus. 

Stead Robert, Witherell st. 

Stimson Benj G, ship chandler, cor Woodward av and Atwater 
st, r Witherell st. 

Stimson. Charles, porter Railroad Exchange. 

Stilson James, Woodward av n State st. 

Stockham William, laborer, Atwaler e Hastings st. 

Stockham Schuyler, laborer, do do 

Stoddard James S, carpenter. Brush n Gratiot st. 

Stowell Alexander H, cor Griswold and Grand River sts. 

Stober John, clerk P T Low, r Fort e Brush st. 

Stober Anthony, laborer, cor Gratiot and Hastings sts. 

Stott James, boiler maker, Front e Third st. 

Stone Sam'l, clerk int imp office, r Fort 1 door w Baptist church» 

Stone Josiah, clerk Pontiac Railroad depot, r Shelby n Fort st. 

Stone Alonzo, clerk Bradford &l Co, b Chas M Howard. 

Stork John, laborer, Lafayette e Riopelle st. 

Story Martin, Woodwai-d av n Military Square. 

Story Daniel, carpenter, cor Macomb and Brush sts. 

Strangers' Home, Woodbridge w Griswold st, 

Stringham James, driver Barney's Hotel. 

Streeter Samuel, Woodward av n Military Square. 

Stringer Francis, carpenter, Congress e Bates st. 

Striker David, cabinet maker, Woodbridge e Rivard st. 

Striker Fred'k, cabinet maker, Woodbridge st w Woodward av. 

Strong John W, forwarding merchant, Front near Second st, b 
National Hotel. 

Strong John W jr, groceries &,c, cor Woodward av and Wood- 
bridge st, b Wales' Hotel. 

Strong H N &: Co, forwarding merchants. Front foot First st. 

Strong Norton H, b H H Brown. 

Stutchfield William D, saddler, b William Sabine. 

Studdard Joshua, moulder, cor W^oodbridge and Orleans. 

Stuart David, (Lee &- Stuart,) Woodbridge e Hastings st. 

Stuart Noridan, mariner, Randolph near Fort st. 

Stutta Peter, Fort e Hastings st. 

Sturm Nicholas, Lafayette w Rivard st. 

Styles , baker, b B B Davis. 

Suits Sanford, b A Sheley. 



Sullivan Jeremiah ^ b Patrick McDonald. 

Sullivan Thomas, carpenter, Lamed \v Hasting-s st. 

Sullivan Lawrence, Michigan Grand av opposite City Hall. 

Sullivan Thomas, dravman, Hastings n Larned st. 

Sumerfield Andrew, mariner, Franklin e Rivard st. 

Suinner Frederick M, {Pease &« Sumner,) Beaubien n Jeff av. 

Supple Henry, shoe store, JefFav e Shelby st, 

Surg-get John, butcher, b Market Hotel, Atwater st. 

Surles John, ship carpenter, Larned w Cass st. 

Surd — i — , carpenter, b John Blair's grocery. 

Sutterleet Joseph, laborer, Larned vv Woodward av. 

Sutton Noah, Detroit City Mills, cor liarned and Second sts, r 

Jeffav opposite Russell st. 
Sutton J W, pail factory, cor State and Griswld sts, r Griswold 

st, near capitol. 
Sutter Christian, cabinet maket, Stovens k, Zug. 
Sweetser Alvah, JefFav e Riopelle st. 
Sweet Joseph, ship joiner, Larned w Shelby st. 
Swift Dean, carpenter, Griswold opposite capitoL 

T. 

Taafe John, provisions, Woodbridge e Shelby st. 

Taft Levi B, law office cor JeiFand Woodward avs; b Levi Cook, 

Tallmage Charles, shoe maker, cor Woodward av and Congress 

st, (under Methodist church.) 
Tampsey Derby, carpenter, cor Beaubien and Lafayette sts. 
Tatrou Joseph, laborer, Louis Field. 
Tatroii Francis, carpenter, Hastings n Lafayette st. 
Tate W^iUiam, ornamental hair manufacturer, Jeffav adjoining 

Wales' Hotel. 
Tate William, carpenter, cor Hastings and Lafayette sts. 
Taylor Col, U S army, Woodbridge e Hastings st. 
Taylor Elisha, law office, Drew's block, Jeffav, r Jeffav e Brush 

St. 

Taylor Mrs, dress maker, Wayne n Larned st. 
Taylor Charles, blacksmith, cor Lafayette and Rivard sts. 
Taylor John, blacksmith, b Ford's Tavern. 
Taylor John, (colored,) laborer, Croghan w Riopelle st. 
Tebedo Michael, carpenter, Berthelet alley, w Brush st. 
Tebedo Michael, laborer, Franklin e Beaubien st. 
Tegeler Ferdinand, teacher of music, Jeffav near Wayne st. 
Teller Pierre, druggist, Jeffav e Woodward av, r Larned e Wood- 
ward av. 
Teller James P, do do do 

Tem.ler Michael, laborer, Croghan e Antoine st. 
Terhune David, carpenter, b J Wmterhalter. 
Terry Dr, office JefFav e Shelby st, r Fort w Shelby st. 



140 DETROIT 

Tetheric Benj, ship joiner, cor Lafayette and Second sis. 

Teuch Nathan, grocery, Giiswold n Atwater st. 

Thayer Geo VV, clerk Surveyor Gen office, b National Hotel. 

Theyer Lonson, carpenter, b E M Conkling. 

Thebo Louis, laborer, VVoodbridge w Hastings st. 

Thornburn Andrew, carpenter. Fort e Antoine st. 

Thornbury John, laborer, State vv Woodward av. 

Thompson Bradly H, livery stables, cor VVoodbridge and Bates 
st, rcor Woodbridge and Hastings sts. 

Thompson Daniel, tavern, cor State and Farrar sts. 

Thompson Charles M, do do 

Thompson David, Fort w Griswold st. 

Thompson Lucius, carpenter, Adams av near Park st. 

Thompson E Marsh, chair maker, do do 

Thompson Thomas, carpenter, Wayne n Croghan st. 

Thompson William, hat finisher, cor Atwater and Brush st. 

Thompson Frederick, master mariner, VVoodbridge w Riopelle st. 

Thomson John, groceries, cor Woodward av and Woodbridge^ st, 
r Woodbridge vv Antoine st. 

Thomson Peter, do 

Thomson James G, grocery, Atwater near Randolph st. 

Thomas Charles, chair maker, b J W Woolsey. 

Thomas Raphael S, Griswold n Atwater st. ^ 

Thorn William E, New York Coffee House, Woodbridge e Shel- 
by St. 

Throop George B, law office over Farmers' && Mechanics' Bank, 

Jeff av, r Jeff av e Brush st. 
Throop Enos, clerk Theo H Eaton. 
Thurwachter Philip, carpenter, Franklin w Russell st. 
Thnrber Edward, jomer, b VV W Wilcox. 
Tiffany Lewis L, clerk H P Baldwin, b Barney's Hotel. 
Tiff William, laborer, Beaubien n Lafayette st. 
Tillman J W, furnishing warehouse, Jeff av opposite Farmers' 

&t Mechanics' Bank, r Woodbridge e Antoine st. 
Titus Myrom, Gratiot near Randolph st. 
Todd William, tailor. Congress e Randolph st. 
Todd John, shoe-maker, Michigan av w Shelby st. 
Todd William, carpenter, Congress e Rivard st. 
Toffelmire Charles, laborer, b J Vaile. 
Tolman Luther, shoe-maker, Woodbridge w Bates st. 
Toles & Allen, painters, Woodward av s Woodbridge st, 
Toles Nathan, Macomb e Beaubien st., 
Tomlinson Nelson, tannery, Atwater e Beaubien st. 
Tomy John, carpenter, Lafayette e Russell st. 
Tooney Michael laborer, Howard w Cass st, 
Tooney James, drayman, do do 

Tossy Joseph, circle sawyer, Fort e Hastings st. 



DIRECTORY. Ml 

Tossy Louis, engineer, b Mansion House. 

Townsend Joseph H, ship joiner, b Wm Lundy. 

Townsend Horner, victualling. Woodward av n Atvvater st. 

Towle^E, b Mrs McMillen. 

Town Reuben, dry goods, Woodward ar n JefF av, r Larned o 

Brush St. 
Town Charles H, do do 

Traeyson George, piano forte maker, cor Jeffav and Shelby st. 
Trask John, wagon maker, cor Woodbridge and Brush st. 
Tripler Dr, U S army, Jeffav e Brush st. 
Trowbridge C C, President Michigan State Bank, r Jeffav e Ri- 

vard St. 
Trowbridge Charles A, (Brady & Trowbridge,) b S P Brady. 
Trombley Charles, b at Antoine Beaubien's. 
Trombley Levi, carpenter, Franklin w Hastings st. 
Trombley John B, sawyer, Franklin e Hastings st. 
Trombley Eli, carpenter, Franklin w Hastings st. 
Trombley Francis, laborer, Franklin near Hastings st. 
Trombley John, carpenter, b C Belisle. 

Trombley Ambrose, boatman, cor Franklin and Riopelle sts. 
Trombley William, pail maker, Macomb w Plastings st. 
Trombley Louis, fireman, J W Sutton. 
Trombley H, wagon maker, Gratiot w Hastings st. 
Trombley Joseph, carpenter. Third n Porter st. 
Trombley Joseph, laborer, foot Hastings st. 
Troster John, cartman, cor Franklin and Riopelle sts. 
Truesdail Wesley, office (up stairs,) Jeff av w Gsiswold st, r 

Jeffav e Antoine st. 
Treusdail John, waiter, Barney's Hotel, 
Truax John, groceries fee, cor Woodward av and Woodbridge 

st, r Randolph st n Monroe av. 
True Joseph P, Larned w Shelby st. 

Tryon Charles, law office, Woodward av s Jeffav, b Mrs Coulter. 
Tucker George W, toilet saloon foe, Jeffav opposite Farmers' 

k Mechanics' Bank. 
Tulip Gilbert, wagon maker, cor Russell and Catharine sts. 
Tumy Michael, laborer. Congress e Antoine st. 
Turnbull George, tailor, John Ask. 
Turner Albion G, clerk B G Stimson, b National Hotel. 
Tuttle Bradley A, carpenter, b E K Gilbert. 
Tuttle Anthony, wagon maker, cor Woodbridge and Brush sts, 
Tyler H S, hat finisher. Congress \v Shelby st. 
Tyler Elisha, cor Larned and Third sts. 
Tyler Russell L, wagon maker, Wayne n Congress st. 
Tyler — — , carpenter,. cor Antoine and Croghan sis. 



142 DETROIT 

TJ. 

Ulrech Peter, grocery, Michigan Grand av opposite City Hall. 

Underwood George N, shoe-maker, Adams av near Clifford st. 

Underman Peter, butcher, S B Morse. 

United States land office, Joff av e Wales' Hotel. 

United States building, cor Jeff av and Grisvvold st. 

United States (circuit and District) court room, U S building. 

United States (circuit and district) court, judge of, Hon Ross 

Wilkins. 
United States (circuit and district) court, clerk of, John Winder. 
United States district attorney, John Norvell. 
United States marshal, Warner Wing. 
United States store house, Woodbridge e Cass st. 
United States Hotel, Woodbridge vv Griswold st. 
Unsworth , carpenter, b B A Tuttle. 

V. 

Vaile k. Brother, chair factory and furniture warehouse, cor 
Woodbridge and Randolph sts. 

Vaile Jonathan, Woodbridge e Randolph st. 

Vaile Levi, b Jonathan Vaile. 

Valentine George, butcher, Lafayette e Cass st. 

Valentin Antoine, working jeweller, Griswold st opposite Cus- 
tom House, r Griswold n Larned st. 

Vallard Bozziel, cooper, Woodbridge near Wayne st. 

Valyear Augustus, laborer, cor Catharine and Orleans sts. 

Vallee J B, cor Woodbridge and Antoine sts. 

Vallet Bozziel, cooper, Antoine near Atwater st. 

Van Rensselaer Jeremiah, law office Drew's block, Jeffav, r Ma- 
comb near Brush st. 

Vanderhoof Cyrus, carpenter, b Mrs Dean. 

VanDensype Felix, wooden shoe maker, cor Macomb and Rus- 
sell sts. 

Van Allen Peter, fireman C R R. 

Van Allen Richard, warehouseman do 

Van Allen Jacob, engineer, cor P^irst and Cass sts. 

Van Allen David S, gilder, Jeffav w Cass st. 

Van Burcn Michael E, b Mrs Hartwell. 

Van Every Peter, flour and feed store, Woodward av, Wardell's 
block. 

Van Every Andrew J, b Mansion House. 

Van Mater Joseph G, tailor. Larned e Randolph st. 

Van Meter John, Market Hotel, Atwater vv Russell st. 

Vanscoit , cigar mal:er, b Mrs Barton. 

Van Dyke k. Emmons, law office, Desnoyers' block, Jeffav. 



DIRECTORY. 143 

Van Dyke James A, Jeff av e Beanbien st, 

Vanson Adolphus, clerk, b Mrs Cculter. 

Vana Joseph, Franklin e Hastings st. 

Vaiighan Vincent, painter, cor Third and Larned sts. 

Vanghan Henry R, b VV P Campbell. 

Verhoeff k Kaminzky, driigg-ists, Jefferson av e Bates st. 

Vizzeau John, laborer, Elizabeth w Withereli st. 

Vollum Zadoc, book-binder, cor Brush and Harriet sts. 

Vonskoik John H, joiner, b R H, Hotel. 

Voorhees James, tailor, Jeff av e Cass st. 

Voorhees Jacob, carpenter, b Mrs Ayres. 

Vorce Grant, clerk Chas Howard h Co, r cor Congress and First 

sts. 
Vreeland David D, boiler maker, b VV A Henry. 

Wadsworth Thomas, joiner, b J Sheeley. 

Wadleicrh G k, Co, the Gothic shoe store. Woodward av, 3 doors 
n Jeff av. 

Wadleigh Greeniief, b Michigan Exchange. 

Wade William, carpenter, Atwater e Hastings st. 

Wade John, b A S Johnson. 

Waggoner Joseph, blacksmith, Lafayette w Cass st. 

Waggoner Charles, painter, b Van Meter's Market Hotel. 

Wagoner Joseph L, carpenter, Elizabeth e William st. 

Wagner Joseph, blacksmith, Howard vv Cass st. 

Wagner John, match maker, Elizabeth e William st. 

Warn Williain, wagon maker, cor Larned and Brush sts. 

Wakerman Peter, mason, Franklin w Rivard st. 

Waltonsmith Charles, carpenter, Cass n Lafayette st. 

Vv'allaster Michael, carpenter, cor Lafayette and Russell sts. 

Wallace John, Larned, w Shelby st. 

Walcott Albert, boiler maker, cor Front and Fourth sts, r cor 
Congress and Shelby sts. 

Waldron Horace, porter Barney's Hotel. 

Walker Henry N, law office, cor Jeff and Woodward avs, b Wdi 
Butler. 

Walker Edward C, law office Woodward av s Jeff av, b A C Mc- 
Graw. 

Walker Hiram, groceries, &c, Woodward s Jeff av, b A S John- 
son. 

Walker H L, b National Hotel. 

Walker George, ship joiner, b B Tetheric. 

Walker Richard, ship joiner, cor Michigan av and Shelby st. 

Walton Gurdon T, hatter. Woodward av n State st. 

Walton , butcher, b George Saunders. 



144 DETROIT 

Wales' Hotel, cor Jeff av and Randolph st. 

Wales Austin, do 

Wales EC, do 

Wales E A, law office, over Michigan Insurance Bank, Jeff av, b 

Wales Hotel. 
Wales George, groceries. Wood av nr Military Square, r corner 

Monroe av and Farmer st. 
Wales Charles T, printer, b Barney's Hotel. 
Wales Chauncy, fireman, C Railroad. 
Walsh David, grocery, Atwater vv Griswold st. 
Waltz Joseph, provisions, cor Jeff av and Eeaubien st, r Mullet 

e Russell st. 
Warriner Orrin, tailor, Griswold nr Lamed st. 
Warrell Charles, printer, b R L Boroman. 

Warrell , clerk, b Franklin House. 

Warner Robert W, carpenter and joiner, cor Croghan and Brush 

sts. 
Warner Jared C, Earned e Antoine st. 
Warner Henry, laborer, Franklin w Hastings st, 
Warner Morris W, stage agent, Griswold st opposite capitol. 
Warren John, carpenter, Woodbridge w Bembien st. 
Warren Darwin C, laborer, Eagle Tavern, 
Warren Harris F, clerk, R Town, b Chas M Howard. 
Warren Mrs, foot Bates st. 
Wass John, wagon maker, Berthelet alley. 
Waterfall Thomas, carpenter, Fort e Antoine st. 
Waterfall John, laborer, do kIo 

Waterman Joshua W, b National Hotel. 
Watkins k, Co, saddlers 8ic, Jeff av w Wood av. 
Wat kins Washington, r Macomb w Brush st. 
Watkins k, Bissell, commission merchants, Atwater st. 
Watkns John, Congress e Randolph st. 
Watkins William, boat builder, W Goodings. 
Watkins James, Larnsd e Beaubien st. 
Wcttton John V, law offiCe, Jeff av w Griswold st, b National 

Hotel. 
Watson John, stayle and fancy goods, Jeff av e Bates st, r Jeff 

av e Beaubien st. 
Watson James, groceries, Jeffav e Bates st, r Jeff av e Riopelle 

street, 
Watson James B, Justice Peace, office^Woodward av n Jeffav, b 

Thomas Palmer. 
Watson Samuel G, law office, Law buildinof. Wood av, r Fort 

w Shelby st. 
Watson Thomas P, law office, Jeffav, (Republican Hall,) b John 

Watson. 
Watson William, grocery, Atwater opposite Beaubien st. 



1 



DIRECTORY. 145 

Watson Charles, cor Gratiot and Rivard sts. 

Wayland Patrick, laborer, Wayne n Congress st. 

Weatherley Robert, Miami av n Grand River st. 

Weathers Robert, laborer, Mich av w Wayne st. 

Weaver Augustus, blacksmith, A Walcott. 

Weaver George, laborer, cor Fort and Brush sts. 

Weaver , laborer, Fort e Antoine st. 

Weaver Daniel, Clinton e Hastings st. 

Webster John, Hardware and mill stone manufacturer, cor Mili- 
tary Square and Wood av, r Jeff av e Bates st. 

Webster William, do do 

Webster Howard, do do 

Webster Samuel C, sash factory, Atwater e Hastings st, r cor 
Woodbridge and Antoine sts, 

Webster Friend, tanner, Mich av, r Shelby n Lafayette st. 

Webster Moses R, carpenter, Franklin w Riopelle st. 

Webster Horatio H, fireman, Central Railroad. 

Webber Peter J, laborer, Whipple's Coffee House. 

Weber Jacob, clerk, J Holmes k, Co. 

Weber George, baker, cor Front and Second sts. 

Weber George F, laborer, Central Railroad. 

Weber Henry, upholsterer, Stevens k, Zug. 

Webb Benj L, (Dorr k Webb,) b Josiah R Dorr. 

Webb John, baker, cor Woodbridge and Brush sts. 

Weeks David, grocery, cor Witherell st and Adams av. 

Weeks Samuel, tailor, Lafayette w Shelby st. 

Weese Mrs, Atwater w Hastings st. 

Weitzel John, St Clair Hotel, cor Atwater and Beaubien st. 

Weitzel George, musician, Franklin w Hastings st. 

Weitzel Jacob, cabinet maker, b M Kempf. 

Weitzel Jacob, laborer, Macomb nr Riopelle st. 

Wellings James H, publisher of the Directory, Jeff av opposite 
U S Land Office. 

Wellvvood Daniel, Woodbridge e Shelby st. 

Welles John E, b D Dunning. 

Welton Orm B, brass founder, Woodbridge st e Wood ay. r 
Woodbridge e Brush st. 

Welner Charles H, clerk, R H Hall. 

Wells k. Co, express, under Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank Jeff 
av. 

Wells Henry L, law student, b Mrs. Kittredge. 

Wells Timothy, chair maker, b Thomas Little. 

Welch William, grocery, cor Beaubien and Macomb sts. 

Welch James, grocery, foot Randolph st. 

Welch Allen T, printer, b Mansion House. 

Welch John, stone cutter, b John Long. 

Welch Nicholas, carpenter, Atwater w Brush st. 
13 



146 DETROIT 

Welch Mrs, grocery, foot Randolph st. 

"Welch Thomas, Shoemaker, Brush n Gratiot st. 

Wendell Tunis, Jeff av e Wayne st. 

Wenner Augustus, gardener, Grand River st e Miami aw 

Wenner Michael, Hastings s Woodbridge st. 

Wernley Charles, Rev F Winkler's. 

Westhoft Joseph, laborer, b A Stober. 

Weston Thomas R, soap and candle factory, Atwater e Bates st. 

Wesson William, law office over Michigan Insurance Bank, Jeff 
av, b Moses F Dickinson. 

Wesley Solomon, cabinet maker, Lamed w Shelby st. 

Wesley , cabinet maker, Adams av e Brush st. 

West Henr}'', carpenter, Clinton e Brush st. 

West John D, porter George Wales'. 

W^est John, butcher, Columbia \v Witherell st. 

West , carpenter, b George Saunders. 

Wetmore Frederick, china, glass and crockery store, Jeff av w 
Woodward av, r Jeff av e Hastings st. 

Wever Jonas, ostler R R Exchange. 

Wheaton &, Co, book binders, cor Jeff av and Griswold st, (up 
stairs.) 

Wheaton George, Larned e Russell st. 

Wheaton Horace, b S P Willcox. 

Wheaton &. Ellis, Homoepathists, cor Congress st and Wood- 
ward av. ^T^ 

Wheaton Philip M, M D, b Railroad Hotel. 

Wheeler Miss, select school. Congress st opposite Second Meth- 
odist church. 

Whelon John, milkman, Woodbridge e Bates st. 

Whitlemore Gideon^O, Secretary of State, office capitol, r Jeff 
av e Russell st. 

Whittcmore William, Beaubien ij Montcalm st. 

Whitcomb Hiram, lumber merchant, Antoine n Jeff av. 

Whitcomb L, grocer, Woodward av, b Mansion House. 

Whiting U Adams, agents for the payment of taxas, sale of lands 
Sic, Griswold st opposite Custom House. 

Whiting John L, cor Congress and Wayne sts. 

Whiting Joseph P, City Marshal, Washington av n Clifford st. 

Whilsey Francis J, plumber, cor Randolph and Croghan sts. 

Whitsey Thomas W, warm, cold and shower baths, do 

Whitman Peleg O, constable, Jeff av w Cass st. 

Whitman Charles, machinist, do do 

Whitman J, Fort w Russell st. 

Whipple Henry L, Deputy Auditor General, Woodward av near 
State St. 

Whipple Eseck B, ice vender, Woodward av above Military Sqr, 

Whipple Daniel, coffee house. Bates st n Jeff av. 



DIRECTORY. 147 

Whipple John L, mariner, Woodbridge e Beaubien st. 

Whittle William, blacksmith, b E Chope. 

White Dr, cor Beaubien and Woodbridge sts. 

White Henry, boiler maker, A Walcott,' 

White Bryan, laborer. Central Railroad, 

White Felix, blacksmith, b S Bouchard. 

White Arthur G, (Howe & White,) State st e Woodward av. 

White Henry, blacksmith, b Mrs Mc Williams. 

White Joseph, blacksmith, b James Scamadan. 

White John, mason, cor Fort and Rivard sts. 

White William, mason, Adams av e Grand Circus. 

White Hiram, do b Henry Langley. 

Whyte John, grocerv, Atwater w Randolph st. 

Wickvvare Cornelius, Lamed vv Antoine st. 

Wicthoff John, laborer, Dequindre farm n Catharme st. 

Wight Buckminster, steam saw-mill, Atwater foot Antoine st, 
r cor Franklin and Beaubien sts. 

Wight Stanley G, clerk do do 

Wight William, sawyer, do do 

Wight Alpheus, livery stables, Michigan Grand av and Congress 
st e Bates st, b Railroad Exchange. 

Wigg George, servant E A Brush. 

Willoughby Benj, (colored,) teamster. State e Farrar st. 

Wilkinson James R, goldsmith, Robbins &: Hubbard. 

Wilkinson James, shoemaker, Atwater w Beaubien st. 

Wilkinson Thomas, engraver on stone, Randolph n Fortst. 

Willmarth Orsamus B, auction store, Woodward av near Milita- 
ry Square. 

Williams Hon John R, Mayor of Detroit, office Williams' build- 
ings, cor Jeffav and Bates st, r JefFav e Hastings st. 

Williams Devereaux, b John R. Williams. 

Williams Alpheus S, proprietor Daily Advertiser, office cor Jeff 
and Woodward avs, r cor Congress and Shelby sts. 

Williams k. Cole, house, sign and ornamental painters, Griswo'ld 
near Larned st. 

Williams Charles, Park n State st. 

Williams G k Co, forwarding merchants, cor Front and First st. 

Williams Gurdon, b National" Hotel. 

Williams Gurdon O, conductor Pontiac Railroad cars, b Railroad 
Hotel. 

Williams David H, b Mrs Hale. 

Williams Hezekiah, clerk, G Williams k. Co, b Commer'l Hotel. 

Williams James, provisions kc, Woodward av n Congress st, r 
Griswold n Congress st. 

Williams Morris M, chief clerk P. O, b Mason Palmer^ 

Williams Theodore, justice peace &c, office Smart's block, Jefl^ 
av, r Jeff av e Beaubien st. 



148 DETROIT 

Williams G Mott, cor Congress and Wayne sts. 

Williams James, laborer, Franklin e Hastings st. 

Williams Thomas, mariner, cor Atwater and Beaubien sts. 

Williams John, laborer, b Thomas Cranage. 

Wilkins Hon Ross, Judge U S Circuit and District courts, r Jeif 
av e Hastings st. 

Wilkins William, assistant clerk, do do 

Willard Luther B, printer, b Mansion House. 

Willcox Charles, printer, Jeff av, Sheldon Block, b Wales' Hotel. 

Willcox Eben N, law office, Jeff av, over Farmers' and Mechan- 
ics Bank, b Wales' Hotel. 

Willcox Daniel, carpenter, Franklin e Riopelle st. 

Willcox DeWitt C, b Mrs Mathers. 

Willcox Samuel P, Congress w Cass st. 

Willcox Isaac, driver, Eagle Tavern. 

Wilcox Winslow W, joiner, cor Miami av and John R st. 

Wilcox Sherman, joiner, do do 

Wilcox Edwin, mason, b Railroad Exchange. 

Wilber George, proprietor Eagle Tavern, Woodbridge st. 

Wilson Henry, sail maker. Porter nr Second st. 

Wilson John, sawyer, Eagle Steam Mill. 

Wilson Rufus, Randolph n Fort st. 

Wilson Robert, mason, b A C Carter. 

Willis Christopher C, warehouseman, Littlejohn k Crary. 

Willet Patrick, carpenter, b Gideon Bolio. 

Willet John, hatter, cor Abbott and First sts. 

Wilder Aretus A, (Fiske h Wilder,) Farmer e Bates st. 

Wilkie Andrew, teamster, Gratiot e Brush st. 

Wilsey O A, ostler, A Wight's livery stable. 

Wilraot Samuel, Shelby st n Jeff av. 

Winterhalter Michael, cor Hastings and Croghan sts. 

Winterhalter Joseph, grocery, Atwater e Griswold st. 

Winchell Gurdon, cabinet warehouse^ Jefferson av w Shelby st, r 
Congress w Second st. 

Winchell John, carpenter, Fort e Antoine st. 

Wingert William, gunsmith, Wood av, r cor Elizabeth and Park 
sts. 

Wingert Joseph, mason. Bates n Farmer st. 

Wineman Henry, confectioner, George Egner's. 

Wineman Jacob, do do 

Wineman Christian, do do 

Winkler Rev John F, Fort e Rivard st. 

Winder John, clerk U S Circuit and District courts, r Witherell 
st above Grand Circus. 

Winter George, clerk, F && C H Buhl, b Barney's Hotel. 

Wing Warner, U S Marshal, U S building. 

Wing Franklin M, engineer, hydraulic worj^s, r Atwater w Rio- 
pelle St. 



DIRECTORY. 149 

Wirth Philip, porter, George Egner. 

Witherspoon William, baker, cor Woodbridge and Shelby sts. 

Witherell Hon B F H, District Judge, office Law Buildings, 

Wood av, r JefFav e Hastings st. 
Wolf Frances, laborer, b A Pulte. 
Wolf Anthony, laborer, cor Mullet and Riopelle sts. 
Woodworth Benjamin, Woodbridge w Randolph st. 
Woodvvorth Orin, tailor, Griswold st, r Howard w Cass st. 
Woodworth Nelson, Larned w First st. 
WoodrufF Charles P, Hardware kc, Wood av n Congress st, b 

Mrs Porter, 
Woodruff Peter D, carpenter, b Mrs Ayres. 
Woodruff James, cor Fort and Wayne sts. 
Woolsey John W, boarding house, Fourth n Congress st. 
Woods George, clerk, G F Rood &, Co, r cor Larned and Beau- 

bien sts. 
Woods Thomas, soap and candle factory, Atwater e Beaubien st. 
Woods John, grocery, Atwater w Griswold st. 
Wood Dr. U S Army, Woodbridge e Hastings st. 
Wood Gilbert B, tailor, Catharine w Hastings st. 
Wood F F, Congress e Wood av. 
Wood Solomon, Rowland st opposite the Capitol. 
Wood William, runner, Eagle Tavern. 
Worden Ensign P, (Robinson k Worden,) corner Howard and 

First sts, 
Worth William, Wood av n Clifford st. 
Wort Adam, blacksmith, Clinton e Beaubien st. 
Wren Timothy, laborer, Clinton e Beaubien st. 
Wright Jonathan L, groceries &c, cor Military Square and 

Mich Grand av, r Wood av n John R st. 
Wright Henry, teamster. Wood av nr Grand River st, 
Wright Lemuel, teamster, Clifford st e Macomb av. 
Wright Albert, dealer, do do 

Wrin James, grocery, Woodbridge w First st. 
Wyckoff John turner,^State st w Wood av. 
Wyckoff Robert, carpenter, Miami av n John R st. 

Y. 

Yelch Joseph C, tanner, b Fourth ward House. 

York William, blacksmith, cor Fort and Fourth sts. 

Youhill Thomas, gardener, cor Fort and Fourth sts. 

Young William T, justice peace and attorney at law, office cor 

Jeff and Woodward avs, b National Hotel. 
Young John W, warehouseman, Charles Howard &- Co. 
Young Wesi T, mariner, cor Larned and Beaubien sts. 
Young William, shoe maker, Macomb w Beaubien st. 
Young Andrew, laborer, Wood av n State st. 
IS* 



loO DETROIT 

Z. 

Zanger Edward, currier, b Eleazer Price. 

Zeigler J, tinsmitli, Jeflfav e Randolph st. ■ 

Zinck Dr, Franklin w Hastings st. 

Zittel George, scale maker, cor Coghan and Russeiil sts. 

Zag Samuel, (Stevens &. Zug,) rCongress w Second st. 



DIREGTORY, 151 




iiii-ioo niiEi, 

BY ' 

HIRAM R. ANDREWS, 

Opposite the Central 4* JSTorthern railroad depots, 
DETROIT, MICHIGAN, 

THIS House has been greatly enlarged and 
fitted up in a style equal to any Public House 
in Detroit for comfort and convenience. Its 
location is one of the most healthy and pleas- 
ant in the city, 

BEING ON THE PUBLIC SQUARE, 

and in the immediate vicinity of the Central 

and Pontiac Railroad Depots, Auditor General's office, and at the 
junction of all the leading turnpike roads from Detroit. 

OEPRAL STAGE OFFICE AT THE HOTEL. 

03^ The Proprietor assures the Public that 

no pains will be spared to furnish his Table with as good as 
the market affords, and his guests with every attention requisite 
for their comfort. 

Wishing to take the Cars or Boats will be 
FURI/IISHEO MEALS AT TWEHTY-FIVE CEHTS, 

And Carriage and Baggage Wagon in readiness at all times to 
convey them to the Cars or Boats, gratis. 

BOARD BY THE DAY 75 CENTS. 



152 DETROIT 

WALES' HOTEL, " 

Jefferson •Ivetttie^ (^Corner Randolph st.) 
DETROIT. 

The above establishment is open for the reception of visitors by 

A. WALES & CO, 

/Formerly of the Michigan Exchange and A''ational Hotel, in 

this City.) 

A. WALES, I E. B. WALES, | E. A. WALES. 

UNITED STATES HOTEL, 

BY 
M. T. ROBIIVSOIV, 

WOODBRIDGE STREET, 

BETWEEN GRISWOLD AND SHELBY STREETS, 

DETROIT. 

(j;/* Carriages to and from Boats and Railroads Free. ^^/^J) 

COMMERCIAL HOTEL, 

BY 

JOHN MURRAY, 

CORNER WOODBRIDGE AlVD SECOND STREETS, 

(JYear Newberry's Wharf,) 

DETROIT, MICHIGAN. 

Opened for the accommodation of the Traveling Public on the 
21st March, 1846. 

No pains will be spared for the comfort and accommodation of 
guests. 

O;^ Passengers and Baggage carried to and from the house 
Free. 



DIRECTORY. 153 

GRAND RIVER HOUSE, 

BY 

MARVIN SALTER, 

Corner of Grand River and Griswold Streets^ 
(IN THE REAR OF THE CAPITOL,) 

DETROIT* 

p. S. — Good and extensive stabling attached. 



INDIANA HOUSE, 

BY 

ALEXANDER LEADBEATER, 

ON ATWATER STREET, 

between Sates and Randolph streets^ 

DETROIT. 

25 Cents per Meal, or 62^ cents per day for Board. 
(X/*" A shaie of Public Patronage is respectfully solicited. 

EDWIN H. W. BROOKE, 

118 and 120 Woodbridge Street, 

AND AT 16 MONROE AVENUE, 

Just above the JfiUitary Square^ 

DETROIT. 



154 DETROIT 

OLD FERRY HOUSE SALOON, 

Foot of Griswold Street, 

DETROIT. 

B. B. DAVIS' HOTEL, 

CORNER OF ATWATER AND BATES STREETS, 

DETROIT. 

Carriage to and from Boats and Railroads Free. 

VETERINARY SURGEON, 

Jefferson Avenue, (nearly opposite Wales' Hotel,) 

DETROIT. 

Cathartic, Diuretic, Tonic and Cordial Me- 
dicines ready prepared for use, with or with- 
out administration. 



DIRECTORY. 155 

BRONSON & CROCKER,) -g fi/i|> ^ CHARLES HOWARD, 

OSWEGO. 3 JLCT''i\*« ^ DETROIT. 

CHARLES HOWARD 8t CO. 
FORWARDING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 

Foot of First Street, DETROIT. Wholesale Dealers in 

SALT, COAL, PIG IRON, WHEAT AND FLOUR. 

AGENTS FOR A LARGE FLEET OF 

And the following excellent Steamers: 

Delaware, Troy, John Owen, Helen Strong and J. Wolcott. 

Also for the following Lines: 

Ti'oy and Oswego JLine. 

Two Boats per day {Sundays excepted,) leave JVew York and 
Oswego. 

Bronson & Crocker, Oswego, ^ 

Ide, Coit «fe Co., Trov, > Proprietors. 

James S. Wyckoff, 23 Ccenties Slip, N. Y. > 

Lowell & Hinklev, 84 Utica street, Boston. 

Livingston & Willcox, Utica, N. Y. 

Pease"& Allen, Cleveland, Chio. 

Smith, Bronson & Co., Toledo, " 

Charles Howard «fc Co., Detroit, 

Theron Pardee, Chicago. 
(Kefer to all Cemraercial men from New York to Chicago.) 

W*estern JLake Boat jLme— Via. Buffalo. 

A. W. Palmer & Co. Proprietors, ^ 

W. R. Schemerhorn, > . „^„. V 121 Broad Street, New York. 

E.F.Norton. ^Agents. ^ 

James M. Smith, Agent, Buffalo. 

Jf ^abftshf Troy and Oswego JLine. 

Boats leave Toledo, Lafayette and Cincinnati daily (Sundays 
excepted.) 
Steamboats JOHN OWEN and J. WOLCOTT run in con- 
nection with this Line, forming a Daily Line between Detroit, 
Cincinnati and Lafayette. 

Smith, Bronson & Co., Toledo, ? Pronrietnrs 

Bronson & Crocker, Oswego, 5 '^Proprietors. 

Charles Howard & Co., Detroit, ^ 

T.H.Rogers, Lafayette. > Agents. 

James Willson«fc Co., Cincinnati, J 

l^estern JLttl€--FROM Whitehall to Buffalo. 

Curtiss Mann, Buffalo, ^ 

W.S.Eddy, Whitehall, V Proprietors and Agents. 

Follet «fc Brady, Burlington, > 

TT Liberal Cash advances made on all Property consigned to them for sale 

or Shipment. JZC 
Also: — Agents for Northwestern Insurance Company, 



lo6 DETROIT 

FORWARDING AND COMMISSION MERCHANl', 

( Old stand, fourth Storehouse above Woodward Avenue, on 
the River.) 

DETROIT. 

Agent for Marine Risks by New York National Insurance 
Companv. 

Agent for New York Life Insurance and Trust Company. 

ALSO: — Agent for Roome's Celebrated SnulF and Tobacco. 
Mount Ida Mills, New York. 

DORR, WEBB & CO., 

STORAGE, FORWARDING 

AND 

©©!i^[Mli®@fl@IM lM[El^©!Hl^MT©j, 

FOOT OF CASS STREET, 

DETROIT, MICH. 

Agents for Troy and Ohio, and New York and Ohio Lines on 
J. R. DORR, B. L. WEBB. 

JOHN W. STRONG, 
COMMISSION^MERCHANT, 

Warehouse on Front st., first above O. JVewherry' s, 

DETROIT, MICH. 

ATTENTION PAID TO THE SALE AND PURCHASE 
OF PRODUCE. 

(t?* Residence, National Hotel, 



DIRECTORY. 157 

1846. ^« m^^mms 'h m^^ 1846. 

FORWARDING & COMMISSION 

BUFFALO LINE ON THE ERIE CANAL. 

Hiram Joy, No. 18 South-st, Agt. N. Y. I T.- Joy & Co., Alhany. 

Joy & Webster, Buffalo. | W. W. Dennis, 6 S. Market-st. Boston. 

^mmcan ®ratt0|3ortation C0. on X\)t €rie (lanal. 

John Rice. Agt., 117 Broad-st., N. Y. I H. Niles, ^ u fr i le v 

Baldwin & Caleb, 99 Pier, Albany. | John R. Wheeler, j «"na'Oi ^' >• 

New York & Oswego Line of Lake Boats* 

C. Balis, Ast., 101 Broad-st., N. Y. I Brewster, Balis & Wiman, 

B. F. Craft, Agt., 104 Pier, Albany. | Oswego, Agents 

CLARK & CO'S PITTSBURGH & CLEVELAND LINE. 

G. M. Harton, agt., Pittsburgh— Clark & Co., Beaver— T. Richmond & Co. Cleve. 

^Sj^Mark Goods " Care G. fVilliams ^ Co., Detroit:',^ 

JAiTlES A. ARMSTKOiirCJ & CO. 

STORAGE, FORWARDING & COMMISSION 

Foot of Cass Street, 

DETROIT, MICH. 

JAMES A. ARMSTRONG, A. HENRY GEISSE. 

{[f'S. A. Armstrong, agent Columbus Insurance Company. 

E. p. HASTINGS & CO. 

MINERAL WAREHOUSE. 

FRONT STREET, 

Purchasing and Forwarding Agents for the Eagle Harbor, Bos 
ton and other Mining Companies. 

14 



158 DETROIT 

LITTLEJOHN 8l CRARY, 
FORWARDING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS, 

And Wholesale Dealers in 

COAL, PIG IRON, PLASl ER, WHEAT h FLOUR, 
Large Warehouse, foot ot Third Street, 

DETROIT. 

ALSO: 

General Agent for Shipments via. Oswego 
and Welland Canal. 

13. W. HUDSOie?, 

STORAGE, FORWARDING AND 

COMMISSION MERCHANT, 

Foot of Shelby Street, 

Detroit, Michigan. 

Wholesale Dealer in 

PRODUCE, SALT, FISH, &c. &c. 

Residence, Michigan Exchange. 

ICE! ICE!! ICE!!! 

Have made arrangements for furnishing ICE 
in any quantity, during the season, to 

HOTELS AND STEAMBOATS. 

Persons wishing to be supplied will please 
to call or send to Barney's Steamboat Hotel, 
Woodbridge Street. 



DIRECTORY. 



159^ 



CENTRAL RAILROAD. 



A Passenger Train will leave Detroit for the 

West, Daily, at 8 o'clock A. M,, and arrive at Kalamazoo at 6 
P. M. same day. Leave Kalamazoo at 6^ A. M. dailv, and ar- 
rive at Detroit at about 5 o'clock P. M., in season for the eve- 
ning boats for Buffalo, (Sundays excepted,) and until otherwise 
ordered . 




By this route the traveller passes through the second tier of 
counties containing the following beautiful villages : — Ypsilanti, 
Ann Arbor, Dexter, Jackson, Albion, Marshall, Battle Creek and 
Kalamazoo; 146 miles in 10 hours; thence by B. Humphrey &t 
Go's line of Post Coaches to St. Joseph, 56 miles in 12 hours: 
and thence by Capt. Ward's boat Champion, built expressly for 
this route, to Chicago, 70 miles in 5 hours, vs^eather permitting. 
Making 270 miles in about SO hours, to and from Detroit and 
Chicago. 

On the arrival of the western mail train, stages will be in rea- 
diness at all of the important villages to take passengers to their 
destination, particularly from Battle Creek to Grand Rapids, and 
from Kalamazoo into the interior of Indiana. 

JOHN F PORTER, Act'g Com. 

Internal Improvement Office, May 25, 1846. 



160 



DETROIT 



11 JjL JL Jh 




THREE TRAINS A DAY 



as®a&Q ^^^i!)^s3^ni 




CARS LEAVE BUFFALO 

At half past 5, A. M., at half past 9, A. M., and 
half past 5, P. M., two trains on Sunday, leav- 
ing at half past 5, A. M., and half past 5, P. M. 

Thro' to Rochester in 4 Hours, 

AND 

Albany or Troy in 24 Hours, 

Connecting with the Boats to New York, and 
the Cars to Boston. 

05=^ PASSENGERS will please lo procure their tickets in 
the Office at the Depot. 

?aggage checked to Albany and Troy. 

MVM. TVAIiliACE^ 

SuD't Attica and Buffalo R. R. 
Buffalo, May 16, 1846. 



DIRECTORY. LGl 

1846. MONEY AND TIME SAVED!! 1846. 
AND SPEED INCREASED!!! 

THE WELL KNOWN STEAMER 




Commenced making regular trips for the sea- 
son Monday, April 6, from Chatham to Windsor, Detroit and 
Atnherstburg-, and vice versa, as ftjllows: 

Leaves Windsor and Detroit for Chatham every Tuesday,. 
Thursday and Saturday mornings, at 10 o'clock, A. M. Leaves 
Chatham for Windsor and Detroit every Monday, Wednesday 
and Friday mornings, at 8 o'clock, A. M., in connection vpith a. 
Daily Line of Post Coaches; through by daylight to London; 
thence to Brantford, Hamilton and Queenston. 

The road between Chatham and London is in complete repair. 
From London to Brantford the road is McAdamized, and through- 
out the entire line is one of the best roads in Canada. This 
route offers every facility to travelers with private carriages, or 
by the public conveyances, which are not to be equalled in any 
other part of America. 



PORT HUROM& DETROIT! 



THE STEAMBOAT 

-MIJ- 3CK. m^M T^mtJ- 9 
CAPT. E. L, ROSE, 

WILL perform her regular trips between Detroit and 
Port Huron during the season as follows: 

Leaves Port Huron Mondays, Wedresdays and Fridays, at 8 o'clock, A. M. 
Leaves Detroit Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, ai 9 o'clock, A. M, 
14* 



162 



DETROIT 



1846.] BUFFALO <& CHICAGO. [1846. 



5:23co:>^ =cp cc^s^Tq 



The new and splendid Steamer BOSTON, Wm. T. Pease, 
Master, will perform her trips for the season of 1846 as follows: 

UP WARDS. 



LEAVES BUFFALO. 


LEAVES DETROIT. 


Thursday 


April 16 


Saturday 


April 18 


Friday 


May 1 


Sunday 


May 3 


Saturday 


" 16 


Monday 


" 18 


Monday 


June 1 


Wednesday 


June S 


Tuesday 


« 16 


Thursday 


" 18 


Wednesday 


July 1 


Friday 


July 8 


Thursday 


" 16 


Saturday 


" 18 


Saturday 


Aug't 1 


Monday 


Aug't 3 


Monday 


" 17 


Wednesday 


" * 19 


Tuesday 


Sep't 1 


Thursday 


Sep't 3 


Wednesday 


" 16 


Friday 


« 18 


Thursday 


Oct'r 1 


Saturday 


Oct'r 3 


Friday 


" 16 


Sunday 


" 18 


Saturday 


" 31 


Monday 


Nov. 2 




JD WJVl 


rARBS. 




LEAVES 


CHICAGO. 


LEAVES DETROIT. 


Thursday 


April 23 


Monday 


April 27 


Saturday 


May 9 


Tuesday 


May 12 


Monday 


" 25 


Thursday 


« 28 


Tuesday 


June 9 


Friday 


June 12 


Wednesday 


« 24 


Saturday 


" 27 


Thursday 


Julv 9 


Sunday 


Julv 12 


Friday 


«• 24 


Monday 


"' 27 


Saturday 


Aug't 8 


Tuesday 


Aug. 11 


Monday 


« 24 


Thursday 


« 27 


Tuesday 


Sept'r 8 


Friday 


Sept. 11 


Wednesday 


" 23 


Saturday 


« 26 


Thursday 


Oct'r 8 


Sunday 


Oct'r 11 


Friday 


« 23 


Monday 


« 26 


Saturday 


Nov. 7 


Tuesday 


Nov. 10 



The Boston is 800 tons burthen, finished in the ne\»'est and most convenient 
style and manner, with State Rooms to accommodate over 250 cabin passengers,, 
including a large quantity of family rooms, with large and commodious double 
beds, together with such other aecommodatious as will be found unsurpassed by 
anv boat thai is now afloat. 

AGENTS: 

Kimberly, Pease & Co. Buffalo. 11 McClure & Williams, Milwaukie 

Pease «fc Allen, Cleveland. Wm. A. Murfey, Racine. 

Watkins & Bissell, Detroit. || C. J. Hutchinson <fe Co. Southport. , 

David Humphrey, Chicago. 



DIRECTORY. IGS 

MICHIGAN, OHIO, INDIANA, 

ILLINOIS AND WISCONSIN 



J. 1. WHITIIS & AlAMi, 

Ag^ents for the Faynicatt of* Taxes^ J^ale 
of liaiidSj &c. 

(OPPOSITE CUSTOM HOUSE,) 

DETROIT, MICH. 

J. I,. WHITING, I 
C. S. ADAMS. S 

WliTlll £A11 AillCT, ■ 

BY 

Jefferson t^^vcnue^ 
(OPPOSITE MICHIGAN EXCHANGE,) 

DETROIT, Mich. 

Careful attention ^iven lo the Payment of Taxes, Redemption 
of Lands sold for Taxes, purchase, sale and exchange of lands, 
examination of titles, and all matters connected with a 

GENERAL AGENCY, 

In Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin or Iowa. 

From long experience in the business, and an intimate knowl- 
edge of land matters, correct and prompt attention will in all 
cases be given. 



166 DETROIT 

CLINTON EARING, 
^ttornci) mib (EciimscUor nt £atD, 

SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY, 
NOTARY PUBLIC, 

Jlnd Commissioner to take acknowledgment of 

FOR THE 

STATE OF MEW YO^K. 

58 Woodward Avenue, 

EZRA C. SEAMAN, 

Mouse and Office^ 

CORxNER GRISWOLD AND COxNGRESS STREETS, 
(Opposite the new Court House.) 

DETROIT. 

E. H. ROGERS, 
^ttorucj) mxii Counsellor at Cam, 

AND 

MASTER IN CHANCERY, 
OMce Jiy). 5 JDesnoyers^ Stocky 

Corner Jefferson Avenue and Bates street, 

DETROIT. 



DIRECTORY. 167 




FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, 

No. 50, Wall Street, New York City. 

WILLIAM J. BOGGS, , J. W. SAVAGE. 

Secretary. President. 



GEO. F. MACY, Agent. 

DETROIT, Mich. 

PROTECTION INSURANCE COMPANY, 

OF HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT. 

By the above Company, on application to 

SAMUEL LEWIS, Agent, 

At Gray &, Lewis', foot of Woodward Avenue, 

DETROIT. 

MARINE INSURANCE, 

BY THE NORTH WESTERN INSURANCE COMPANY 
OF OSWEGO, 

On application to 

H. H. BROWN, Agent. 

Office at the Banking House of the Michigan Insurance Comp., 
Jefferson Avenue, corner Griswold Street. 



168 l)ETRoi*r 

National liOan Fund Life Assurance 
Society ol London. 

EMPOWERED BY ACT OF PARLIAMENT. 

Capital £500,000 Sterling, or $£,500,000. 

The rates of this Society are as low as those of the American 
Companies, and lower than the scale adopted by many London 
Offices. Loans granted to the extent of two-thirds the amount 
of premium paid, after the lapse of a year. 

Persons insured in the United States on the scale of " partici- 
pation," enjoy the important advantage of sharing in the whole 
business of the Society, which in Great Britain is very exten- 
sive. 

The public are respectfully requested to examine the distinguish- 
ing principles of this institutioij — their tables of rates — their 
distribution of profits— and the facilities afforded by their Loan 
Department — before deciding to insure elsewhere. 

01/^ References of the highest character in the United States, 
given to applicants, if required, as to the standing, wealth, and 
<iecurity of the above institution. 

D. BETHUNE DUFFIELD, 
Agent for Michigan and vicinity. 

Office on Woodward Avenue below Jefferson Avenue. 

N. B. Medical fee invariably paid by the Society. 

DRS. BAILEY & fflOWLM, 

Corner Woodward JJvenue, and Congress st., 

DETROIT. 

Dr's B. Si K. would respectfully announce that they have re- 
moved their office as above, where they will be happy to receive 
calls from all those desiring their professional services, assuring 
them that all operations entrusted to their care shall be perform- 
ed in the most careful and judicious manner, and in the latest and 
best style. 

They hold themselves responsible'for all operations performed 
by them, and promise to make oil failures good. 

They have an invaluable Medicine for destroying Nerves, 
either in the fangs of front teeth, previous to inserting upon 
pivots, or when exposed from caries or decay— the most import- 
ant modern discovery in the Dental Profession — the application 
and effect of which seldom or never cause pain. 



DIRECTORY. 1%^ 

I H. FARNSWORTH, 



Office direclly opposite Michigan State Bank, 
JEFFERSOIV AVENUE, 

DETROIT. 



PORTRAIT, MINIATURE, 

HISTORICAL & SCRIPTURAL 

II 
Corner lefferson !at)enne atib ®risn)olir Street, 

is>02.t:s\$s5^3^ 113 LSa CE5 c^ s::^ 9 ■ 
DETROIT. 

DAILY, SEMI -WEEKLY, & WEEKLY 

Corner Jeff, and Woodward Avenues, 

OVER kInG^S clothing STORE^ 

•DETROIT. 

ALPHEUS S. WILLIAMS, Proprietor. 

A. S. WILLIAMS,)^,.. _ 
F. A. HARDING, 5 ^^»*«'^^- 



1®®K & mm FiiOTii© 

Done with Neatness, Cheapness and Despatchv 
15 



no 



DETROIT 



1 



CHARLES WILLCOX, 

Jefferson Avenue, (Sheldon^s Block,) 

DETROIT. 

i.\ll kinds of Plain and Fancy Job Printing executed by the 
undersigned withn eatness, accuracy and despatch, and at price* 
to correspond to the times. 

He has also on hand the 

YAMlll CAll PUIS, 

By which he is enabled to print all kinds of business cards with 
great expedition, and 50 per cent cheaper than they can be done 
on the common press. 

CHARLES WILLCOX. 

June, 1846. 

0. S. GULLEY, 

HERALD OFFICE, 

Corner JfefT. and Wootlward Jlvenues^ 

E) ET ^@ D ¥, 






Work of all kinds will be executed with neat- 
ness and despatch, if not quite as cheap as at any other place in 
this city. 

The attention of those wishing BOOKS, PAMPHLETS. 
CIRCULARS, &c., printed are particularly invited to call. 

" Least said is soonest mended.^' 



mRECTORY. 



171 



STATIONERS' HALL 

AND 



P/I\1^M W7A\15 




W. P. PATRICK. G. F. ROOD. 

Two doors below the Farmers' k. Mechanics' Bank, near the 

Michigan Exchange, Jefferson Avenue, Detroit, have on hand a 

large assortnDent of 



Wi( 



■lillp 



lt,%'%%,%\ 



illll''llillll 'lull 
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, CONSISTING OF 

Printing, envelop, drawing, blot- 
ting, drafting and silk paper, 
of different sizes. 
Steel pens, quills, slates, 
Ink powder, black and red, 
Lithograph copyingbook8,pre88- 

es and copying ink, 
Lithograph prints. 
Pen knives of all kinds and best 
of quality. 



Cap and letter paper, 20 different 

kinds, from $2 to $3 dollars 

per ream. 
Wrapping paper. 
Visiting and printing cards. 
Toy books and song books, 200 

different kinds, 
Blue, black and red ink, 
Back-gammon, chess k. checker 

boards, 



PRINTINC INK BY THE KEG 



And Fancy Colors in Small Cans. 



Ink Stands, Sand Boxes, 

Wafer Cups, 

Paper Folders, &tc. &c. 



Sealing Wax, Wafers, 

India Rubber, 

Rules, round and parallel, 

BOOK BINDIIVG, 

And Paper Ruling done in the neatest style and shortest notice. 

U^i:^^^ ^SIM^ g-^^ co> (ro> O^ 6^ 

Of every description, from Cap to Super-royal. 

JOB PRINTING 

Of all kinds done cheaper than at any other establishment in the state. Such are 
their arrangements. In all their business they pledge themselves to give satisfac- 
tion. All orders from the country will be promptly attended to. 

[CrRAGS, for which the highest price will be paid, received in exchange tor 
book binding, paper ?nling, stationery, blank books, paper, &c. 

Great bargains to those who buy to sell again. Merchants and othera willpkaw 
«a]l before purchasing elsewhere. 



172 DETROIT 

NEW BOOK BINDERY, 

BLANK BOOK AND RULING ESTABLISHMENl 
GEO. WHEATON & CO. 

Corner of Jefferson Avenue and Griswold Street. 

DETROIT. 

Blank Books of all descriptions, made to 
order and warranted. 

COUNTY RECORDS, I DAY BOOKS. 
LEDGERS, JOURNALS, | CASH BOOKS, &c. 

Constantly on hand and for sale hi the cheap- 
est rates. 

Cheap Publications, Music, Law Books, old 
Books, and Periodicals of all kinds, bound in 
every variety of Binding, at the lowest rates. 

To any Pattern, with accuracy and despatch. 

LIBRARIES RE-BOUND OR REPAIRED 

at short notice. 

PRINTING 

Bills of Lading, Receipts, Order Books, &c. 
&c. printed and bound to order, with neatness 
and despatch. 

MERCHANTS SHELfIoXES 

MADE TO ORDER. 

A share of patronage is respectfully solicited 

■^ DETROIT, July, 1846. 



DIRECTORY. ItS 

CITY BOOR-BINDERY, 

CORNER JEFFERSON AVENUE & BATES STREET, 

(Desnoyers Block,) 

DETROIT. 



The subscriber is prepared to execute Book- 
binding in all its varieties, with neatness and 
despatch, and on reasonable terms. 
Call and see. 

A. RICHMOND. 



GEORGE McKENZIE, 

SUCCESSOR TO JOHN I. HERRICK, 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN 

BOOKS, STATIONERY Al PAPER HAlllS, 

JEFFERSON AVENUE, 2 Doors west Post Office, 

Keeps constantly for sale a complete assortment of Miscellane- 
ous, School and Classical Books ; Letter and Cap Paper, 
plain and ruled ; Quills, Ink, Sealing Wax, Cutlery, 
Wrapping Paper, Printing Paper of all sizes, 

Blank Books^ 

Full and half bound, of every variety of ruling, Memoran- 
dum Books, &c. To Merchants, Teachers and others 
buying in quantities, a liberal di&count will be 
made. 

n* 



f74 DETROIT 

BLANK BOOKS 



AND 



IliiflBlsSi %%\b%.% 



'll'llllll '''lllllllil' '''lllllllllll 'lull ''lllli'lUllI 'Bill % 

The subscriber having made arrangements 
with one of the best Paper Mills in the coun- 
try for a constant supply of Paper, is prepared 
to execute all orders for 

in the best style, on the most reasonable terms. 
A. RICHMOND, City Bindery. 

DETROIT CITY MILLS, 

Corner Larned and Second streets, 

DETROIT. 



\Xy^ Cash paid for wheat at all times. ^£0 



The undersigned, proprietor of theabove 

well known establishment, keeps constantly on hand a general 
assortment of Clear and Common Lumber, and will saw to order 
timber for Frames with promptness and despatch. Also, war- 
ranted and common Shingles, Lath and Blind Slats. All kinds 
of Country Produce tnken in exchange. Purchasers will find it 
for their advantage to call and examine his different qualities, be- 
fore purchasing elsewhere. 

Ol?" 131 Jllwater sired, at the foot of St, Jinioine street, on 
the Dock. B. WIGHT. 



irrRECTORY 175 



LUMBER COMPANY, 

Brewster's Wharf, Atwaler street, 

DETROIT. 

The ST. CLAIR LUMBER COMPANY have on hand as 
above, at all times, a larg^e and complete assortment of clear,sea- 
soned and common pine boards, plank and joist, timber and lath, 
which v^'ill be sold at low rates for cash. 

N. B. — Bills of Lumber sawed to order. 




MRS. M. mm & MISS PUTMM, 

LATE OF BUFFALO, 

Having procured from New York a splendid 
assortment of 

FANCY AND MILLINERY GOODS, 

beg leave to inform the Ladies of Detroit, that 
they have opened at 

NO. 91 JEFFERSON AVENUE, 

SDlr^ctlg crpposUe loljn ®mm U (Ho. 

Among the great variety of articles may be found French Lace 
Bonnets, Cobourg, China, Pearl Embroidered, Leghorn, Eng- 
lish Dunstable, Fancy Flats, Pedals, French Chip Bon> 
nets, French Embroidery for Bonnets, Rutlands, 
Devons and Straws, of every description, too 
numerous to mention; Embroidered Rib- 
bons, Bridal Wreaths and French 
Flowers, Sprigs, Collars, Caps, 

AND ALL OTHER ARTICLES IN THEIR LINE OF BUSINESS. 

Dresses Made to Order^ 

AND IN THE LATEST & MOST APPROVED STYLES. 
{[f^ LADIES, please to call btfore you buy. 



178 DETROIT 

H. GLOVER, 



Draper and Tailor, 

JEFFERSON AVENUE, (North Side,) 
Between Woodward Avenue and Griswold Street. 

DETROIT. 



Keeps constantly on hand and makes to order 
on the shortest notice, and in the most 
fashionable style, Gentlemen's gar- 
ments, of every description, from 
the choicest Cloths, Cassi- 
meres and Vestings. 

ALSO: 

Shirts, Bosoms, Collars, Suspenders, Gloves, 

Half Hose, Handkerchiefs, Scarfs, Stocks, 

Umbrellas, &c. &c., for sale 

Cheap For Cashw 

EDWARD MULLIN, 

NEW TAILORING ESTABLISHMENT, 

GRISWOLD STREET, 
JVorth of Jefferson Avenue, 

DETROIT. 



All orders attended to with neatness and 
despatch. 



DIRECTORY. f 177 

MRS. BROWNING, 

mi % \a \a \ Wi '%!! % Wlii ''«« 

Jcff^. M^ venue, (^JSTorih side.) 

Between Brush and Beaubien streets, 
DETROIT. 

STRAW MILLINERY, 

CORNER OF 

nfeiferson •Ivenwe and, If^Tyne Street^ 

DETROIT. 

|)rofc00or of 0trau) iltilUncrj), 

Would respectfully inform the Ladies of De- 
troit and vicinity th?t having furnished herself 
with an entire new set of 

she is now prepared to clean and altar 

Al£ Mill ®F l®lllf i 

in accordance with the latest style of fashior 
without the use of acids. Modenas, rice straws 
Neapolitans, &c. d^;c., cleaned, dyed and al- 
tered. 

N. B.-— Cleaning and Blocking done for tht 
Trade. 



178 DETROIT 

FASHIONABLE TAILORING 



T. H. ARMSTRONG, 

Is prepared to manufacture Gentlemen's Garments of all kinds- 

to order, in the most fashionable New York Style^ and 

in all cases will warrant a fit or pay the value 

of the materials, considering himself 

responsible for all cloths left 

in his care. 

HE MAY BE FOUND AT ARMSTRONG'S, 

SIGN OF THE BIG HAT, 

Woodward Avenue, 

Nearly opposite the National Hotel, 
DETROIT. 

ROBERT ABERNETHY, 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN 

S W^ Wi m m "fib ' «i '« '« ''& 9 i( 



Woodbridge »Street, 

(West of First Street.) 



Detroit! 



CHEAPER THAN THE CHEAPEST. 
He has on hand for sale, a large stock of 

EASTERN & DOMESTIC WORK. 

Call and see before purchasing elsewhere. 



DIRECTORY. 179 

J CHEAP BOSTON J 

BOOT AND SHOE STORE!!! 

5 4 Woodward •Irenue^ 

DETROIT, Mich, 

Where may be found a full assortriieijt of 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL, 

which will be sold cheaper than at any other store Avest of Bos- 
ton. G. WADLEIGH ^ CO. 

J P. BABILLION, J 

FASHIONABLE -^ 

'1^ 1^ i!^ ^ l^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 

''88 W' 9 m ^iiii 'iiSi wm wy mm ^ 

GRISWOLD STREET, " 

^ext door to the Cvstom House, and nearly opposite the Post-office^ 

DETROIT. 

d^ Boots and Shoes made m the true French style, of the 
best material, and in the most durable manner. 

^ T. H. ARMSTRONG, ^ 

HAT AND CAP STORE, 

SIGN OF THE BIG HAT, 
Woodward Avenue, nearly opposite National Hotel, 

DETROIT. 

T. H. A. keeps constantly on hand an extensive assortment 
of Hats and Caps, which he is prepared to sell at a small advance 
upon'New York cost, and would invite all wishing to purchase, 
to come and examine his stock, which consists of Hats, Caps, 
Stocks, Suspenders, Bosoms, Collars, Cravats, Gloves and other 
articles too numerous to mention, and which for neatness, cheap* 
ness and durability he flatters himself cannot be surpassed. 



180 DETROIT 

F. & C. H. BUHL, 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

^iMi, mi® m^^^ 

AND DEALERS IN 



BUFFALO ROBES, HATTERS' STOCK, TRIM- 
MINGS, &c. &c. 

Jefferson Avenue, 

DETROIT. 

CASH PAID FOR FURS AND DEER SKINS. 

GEORGE HANN, 

WHOLESALE m^^SKM ^^^ RETAIL 




FUR MANUFACTURER, 

JEFFERSON AVENUE, 

(Opposite Farmers' and Mechanics^ Bank,) 

Detroit, Michigan. 

H. D. GARRISON, 

DEALER IN 

STAPLE & FANCY DRY GOODS, 

Corner Jefferson and Woodward Avenues, 

DETROIT, Mich. 



IMIIECTORT. 



181 



BEECHER & ABBOT, 

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in 

STAPLE AND FANCY 



CARPETS, PAPER HANGINGS, 
^ Feathers^ Floor Cloths^ Jflattings^ ^c. 

NO'. 132 JEFFERSON AVENUE, 
Next door below the Michigan State Bank, 
Luther Beecher, > 
Thos. F. Abbot! C DETROIT. 



SMITH & DWIGHT, 

Dealers in 



QSicDoaaaaa. ql^ 



^ 



3 WWCI 
Also,- in 

Jefferson Avenue, (Phcenix Block,) 
R. C. SMITH, > 
A. A. DWIGHT, $ DETROIT. 

MAGASIN A LOW PRICES. 

M. G. PAYMENT, 

Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 

Bootis, $ihoes, Dry Groceries, &g. &c. 

Desnoyers^ Block, Jefferson Avenue, 

DETROIT. 

0^ Marchandises a bas Prix pour Argent ou Exchanges.- 
16 



182 



DETROIT 



E. C. BRADFORD & CO. 

Removed to Store formerly occvpied by Brady ^ Trouhidg€) 
JEFFERSON AVE., WEST, WOODWARD AVE., 

Dealars in all kinds of 
STAPLE AND FANCY 

P 

CARPETING, PAPER HANGINGS, 
Floor oil cloths^ Feathers^ Jjrc, 

Detroit, July 1S46. 

g(G(Df (GIH §f (0)IEe7 





(Late Campbell &, Jack,) 

Wholesale and Relail Dealer in 

FOREIGN Sc DOMESTIC 



^ 





Jeff. Ave^., between Randolph and Bates street, 

DETROIT, 

Respectfully tenders to his friends and the citizens of Detroit and 
surrounding country the expression of his heartfelt gratitude 
fox past favors, and trusts by constantly endeavoring- to,kejep to- 
gether the two short, yet important words, Goo6^ and Cheap, to 
merit a continuance oftl>e sanie. To effect this, ic-.is necessary 
to adhere to the system of uniform profits, and asking no more 
than is requisite to meet- necessary expenses. This plan -will not 
allow of abatements in.price nor baits to allure purchasers; neith- 
er will their attendant irjfipositions be practised on the ignorant 
and unwary. Those, therefore^ who desire to encourage a fair 
and honorable mode of transacting business are earnestly reques- 
ted to call, when we will endeavor to satisfy them that it will be 
or the interest of purchasers to call again. 



DIRECTORY, 



18S 



Z. CHANDLER & CO., 

DEALERS IN 




AT WHOLESALE, 
AT THE OLD STAND, 
130 Jellferson ATenue, 

DETROIT, Mich. 




mm 



184 DETROIT 

TVew Earthenware Establishment. 

FREDERICK WETMORE, 

IMPORTER AND WEALER IN 

CROCKERY, GLASS & CHINA, 

LOOKING GLASSES, SOLAR LAMPS, &c. 

JVo. 125, Eldred's Block, 
JVorth side of Jefferson Avenue, 

DETROiT. 
ROBBINS 6z HUBBARD, 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

AND JEWELRY. 

IVo. 157 JEFFERSOn- AFEJYUE, 

DETROIT 





Having eniarged their Establishment and removed to No. 157 
Jefferson Avenue, above Bates Street, are prepared to manufac- 
ture to order, 

RINGS AND OTHER JEWELRY, 

from Lake Superior Silver and Copper, and to set Agates and 
other Stones. 

They are prepared also to Assay and Refine Ores from the 
Mineral Locations. 

N. B. Watches, Jewelry, kc. Repaired. 

Door Plates and seals eugraved in the best style of art. "" 
N. B. — A large assortment of Gold Pens constantly on iiaad at 
the ■lowest prices. 



DIRECTORY^ 18§ 

€. PIQUETTE, 

DEALER IN 

mm *« 




AND FANCY GOODS, 

Corner -Jefferson Avenue and Griswold street, 

DETROIT. 

Manufactory of Gold i*ens, Silver Ware, Spoons, &lc. &lc. 
(t^ Every description of Clocks, Watches and Jewelry re- 
paired. 

P. & W. FISCHER, 

And Importers of Watches, Watch Materials, Watchma- 
kers' Tools, Fancy Goods, Tots, Sic. 

JVo. 43 \f*O0dward Jivenue^ 

DETROIT, Mich. 

Constantlyon hand, at Wholesale and Retail, an extensive assortment of GOLD 
and SILVER WATCHES ; all kinds of Clocks, fine Jewelry. Silver Ware, Plated 
and Brittania Ware, Musical Instruments, German, French and English F«B«y 
Goods and Toys. 

N. B.— C/octs, Watches, Jewel-^y and Music Boxes Repaired. 

METAL GILDING AND ENGRAVING. 




A. VALENTIN, 



MANt'FACTimER OP 



J] 



'» 



BELOW THE POST-OFFICE, 

Directly opposite the Custom House, Griswold street, 
DETROIT, MICHIGA\. 

0^ Jewelry and Silver Ware made and repaired in the best 
possible manner. Metal Gilding: and Engraving^. 
Cash paid for old Gold and Silver, taken in exchange, 
16* 



186 DETROIT 

J. W. TILLMAN, 

DEALER IN 

PIANO FORTES, LOOKING GLASSES, 

Chairs, Upholstery, Mattr asses, Wiiloiv Ware, Mahogany, Var- 
nish, Japan, ^c. ^*c. 

87 Jellersoaa Avenue, 

BETB.OXT, 

Directly opposite fhe Farmers' U Mechanics' Bank. 
0^5^ Furniture made to Order. 

SCADIN & AVERY, 

FURNITURE AND CHAIR 

s^^^ ,^^ 113. i:m m CE> C£^ s^ ^ Q 

Jefferson ^venue^ 

Nearly opposite the Farmers' k. Mechanics' Bank, and next door 
to Charles WiUcox's Printing Office, 

DETROIT. 

VAILE & BROTHER, 

eiAIl MAllFMTlIllEi, 

AND DEALERS IN 

iW ¥ ^ ^ 

(RANDOLPH STREET,) 
Opposite Steamboat Hotcl^ 

DETROIT. 

All kinds of Wood Sawing and Turning executed to order. 



DIRECTORY. 187 

THOMAS T. LEETE, 
CABINET MAKER, 

Jefferson Avenue, (north side,) 

Between Bales and Randolj^i Streets, 

DETROIT. 

T. T. L. begs leave to inform the citizens of Detroit and vi- 
linity, that he will make to order, all kinds of furniture of tlie 
lest materials, and in a workmanlike manner, cheap .for cash — 
»nd keeps on hand a general assortment to be disposed of at low 
trices. Country persons wishing to buy will do well to call and 
::s:amine before purchasing elsewhere. 

N. B. All kinds of lumber taken in exchange for furniture, at 
cash prices. 

J. & D. FLATTERY, 

Would respectfully inform the citizens of 
Detroit and vicinity, that they have on hand, 
and are constantly manufacturing all kinds of 

FURNITURE & CHAIRS, 

of the best description. 

J. ^ D. F. beg leave to state that they have procured a splen- 
did NEW HEARSE for public use:; and, also, that they keep on 
hand a general assortment of plain C0FFI5:»JS and French raised 
top mahogany ditto, made and trimmed in the neatest style, and 
on the most reasonable terms. 

ALL KINDS OF 

% W %m tm m m 'W 'tft w ^ 

\eatly repaired at the shoitest notice. 
i share of public patronage is respectfully solicited. 

^ ^ 5^ a a © (D 52 a 

No. 5 Warden's Block, 

Woodward Avenue, near the JVeiv Ferry Landing. 



188 DETROIT 

ALEX'R H. NEWBOULD, 

Importer and Dealer in 

FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC 



JiliiJLMiJJ II itlillJBj 



OUTIaERY, 

IRON, STEEL, NAILS, STOVES, HOL- 
LOW WARE AND CASTINGS, &c. 
—Also— 

OF COPPER, TIN AND SHEET IRON 



No. 114 Jefferson Avenue, 

DETROIT. 

EDWARD SHEPARD & CO., 

Dealers in 

STOYES, HOLLOW A¥ARE, 



Copper, Sheet Iron, Ens^Ush and American 

^^^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^^^ 

PIG AND BAR LEAD, LEAD PIPE, 
TINMAN'S MACHINES, HAND TOOLS, &c. &c.; 

^Zso— Manufacturers of Copper, Tin and Sheet Iron Ware of 
every description. 

Agents for the sale olJenning's Improved Platform Balances; 
two doors below King's corner, Woodward Avenue, 

DETROIT. 



DIRECTORY. 1B9 

De.vleb in 

BAR IRON, SHEET, BOILER, 

AJVD HOOP IROJV, JWilLS, SPIKES, 

STEEIi OF ALiIi KI]^I>S, 

■Carriage Springs and Axles, Axes a>'d Window Glass, of 
Front corner Lamed sired and Woodward Avenue, 

DETROIT. 



JAMES STE WART^S 

COPPER, TIN &. SHEET IRON WARE 

^m w « '"« % wm% '-''^ ^^ ^k M% 

BOX, HALL, PLATE AND COOKIJVG STOVES, 

K1©L[L©W Wl^\^E, &©. 

KEPT CONSTANTLY ON HAND, AND FOR SALE 

WlilliAM & llf Att, 

ATTHE SIGN OFTHE GOLDEN STILL, 

JSTo. 83 Woodward Avenue^ 

DETROIT. 



190 DETROIT 

THEO. H. EATON, 

Stores Ao. 188 and 190 Jefferson Avenue^ 

GROCERIES, DRUGS, 

OILS AND GLASS, 

WOOLEN MANUFACTURERS' MACHINERY, 

Carding and Shearing Machines, Machine 
Cards, R-eeds and Shuttles. 

DETROIT. 

Jil^o — Agents for the Pelican S^Iutual Fire and Marine Insu- 
•ance Company, OfEce 65 Wall street, N evv York. 

TOHN OWEN & CO. 

DEALERS IN 

GROCElirES, DUUCS, MEDICINES, CHEMICALS. 

|)aint0, ©110, ©lass, JDjc tUoo^s anb S^e Shiffs^ 
Brushes, Fancy articles^ &c* 

Nos. 82 dz; 84 Jefierson avenue. 
J. OWEN, > 

T. H. HINCHMAN. i DETROIT. 

ALFRED COXE, 

DEALER IN 

Fine Wines, Cigars, tiiquors, Teas, 

AND EVERY VARIETY OF 

CHOICE GROCERIES, 

No. 99 Jefferson avenue. 
DETROIT. 

j^ Old and Pure Wines and Liquors, suitable for Medicinal pCirp0se*> 
constantly on hand. 



DIRECTORT. 191 

RICHARD H. HALL, 

DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF 

Tf^st India floods and Provisions^. 

No. 77 Woodward avenue, 

Gt>rner of Conjjrcss street, opposite the Methodist Ciwirelr, 

l?^^lL^ © fl T i, 

Tlie.bighest price paid in CASH for Flqur,F,lax Seed, Timothy Seed, &C. 

JOHN TRUAX, 
WHOLESALE & RETAIL 

DEALER IN 

Grcceries, Provision^ 

|3amt5, ©U0, dorlrag jc, (Blass, Sroi^Jfaib^^c. 
No. 1 Warden's Block, 

Gorner Woodward avenue and Woodbridge street 

DETROIT. 

AND 

PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMIST. 

No. 41 Woodward avenue, 
S> S ? R O £ T ,. 

Is always prepared to manufacture anyChemi^ 

cal which may be ordered. He keeps on hand the rarest medi- 
cines, many of which he has had imported expressly for himself 
from Paris. He would particularly direct attention.to the fol- 
lowing articles :-.-Berber-ine, a valuable substitute for Quinine; 
Salicene, Citrate of. Iron and Quinine, Valerianate of Zinc, 
Compound Fluid Extract of Senna, Extract, of Pink Root and 
Senna, Vallet's Pills. Eerfujoxery in tbe g-reatest variety, and at 
all prices. 



192 



DETRG'IT 



W. O'CALLAGHAN, 

Wholesale and Retail 



PROVISION 



DEALER, 



« \ 



At the Berthelst Market Store, Randolph; Street, Be- 
low THE Steamboat Hotel, 

DETROIT, 

Keeps constantly on hand a large assortment of Teas, Sugar,. 
Coffee, kc, together with Pork, Butter, Lard, Flour, Salt, Corn 
and Corn-meal, Hams, Dried Fruit, Bran, Horse-feed, Stc. k>c. 

WILLIAM PHELPS, 

AND DEALER IN 

Candies of all Kinds, Fruits, 

NUTS, TOYS, &,C-, 

Woodward Avenue, near the JYational Hotel, 

DETROIT. 

Two fine Saloons, well fitted up, where Ice Creams, Soda 
Water, Fruit, and the delicacies of the season may be found. 

Parties and Families supplied at short notice with Ice Creams, 
Cakes, ^c. Stc. Candies, well assorted, packed in boxes, or at 
retail, to suit customers. 

HOWLET & KNIGHT, 




CXT7 HA££ MARSET, 

Where may be always found a plentiful supply of the choicest 
meat the market will aftbrd. 

05^ Families, Hotels and Steamboats supplied on the most 
reasonable terms. 



DIRECTORY. 195' 

DETROITJPWpi.. 



First street, north Larned street, 
DETROIT. 

PALE, AMBER AND Bll©WN ALE, FORi SHIPPING ANO 
-SITY.USE, AT' THE 

DETRjmjBRHI^ERY. 

N. B. — All orders sent, as above promptly attended to. 




STRONG BEER 

m ^m m-m 



i. ? 

Bates Street, 

Near Jefferson avenue, 

DETROIT. 

THOMAS B. WESTON, 

SOAP & CANDLE MANUFACTURER,. 

ATWATER STREET, 

(Near B. B. Davis's Hotel,) 



The highest price will be paid for Tallow, and Soap Grease,. 

IN CASH. 

Steamboats and Taverns supplied with HAP.D & GOFT 30AP„ 

on short notice.. 

N. B.— All orders from the country promptly attended tOo . 

. 17 



%9^ 



IXETROIT 



WILLIAM SNOW, 

MANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN 

ii£ii £11 iiei fill iiif Es« 




AND 

FLOURING MILL SCREENS, 

OF ALL *' 

WARDELL'S BLOCK, 

Corner of Woodward avenue and Woodbridge streets, 

CULLEN BROWN, 

Wholesale Sc B^etail 





CARPET BAGS, &c. 



ALSO, 



Saddlery Hardware, Military Goods,. Fishing 
tackle, Sporting apparatus, Coach trimmings, 
and Oil Cloth. 

JEFFERSON AVENUE, between Bales and Randolph streets. 

DETROIT. 



felRECfORY^ 



195 




W. WATKINS, & CO., 
Have removed from Woodward avenue 
to JefFetson avenue, (opposite Newbould's 
hardware store,) where they would invite the 
attention of their former customers and the 
public generally, to their stock of 



'^ 



EM, 



which they offer at prices reduced to suit the times. 
W. W. k. Co. would also invite particular attention to 

POST'S Patent Haiuc, 

^n article in their opinion possessing many advantages over the 
old style of Hames. 

DE TROIT, July, 1846. 

P. HAYDEM. 

DEALER IN 




HARNESS, TRUNKS, 

AND 

.^^. 112. u^ s:^ "c? s^.^:lC^^ 

MADE IN THE BEST MANNER, 

AND 



No. 76, Woodward avenue, 

(Nearly opposite the Episcopal Church,) 

DETROIT. 



N. B. — Carriage Trimming done on short notice and in the 
?«ost approved style. 

L. BALDWIN, ^genU 



196 



DETROIT 



DEALERS IN 




PAINTS, OILS, GLASS AND PUTTY% 



IMRECTORY. 



^1^ 



WILLIAMS & COLE, 

House, Sign, Carriage and 

PAPER HANGERS AND GLAZIERS. 

The subscribers would present their unfeigned thanks for the pa- 
tronage they have received, and hope by punctuality and despatch 
to merit a continuance of their favors. All orders in theabov'e 
business will be thankfully received and ptinctually attended to. 

MZLXTARir STANDARDS. 

Banners and signs of every description painted with neatness anfl 
despatch Imitations of all kinds of Wood and Marble executed 
•in the best manner. Walls and ceilings painted in oU and cal- 
camiiie.. 

Griswold street, near Jefferson avenue, 
DETROIT. 




The undersigned hereby give notice that 

they have formed a co-partnership under the name and style of 

and have taken the commofloiis brick store No. 51, Jefferson ave- 
nue, for the purpose of carrying on the Painting business in all 
its branches. 

Sign, Fancy Sc Ornamental 

MlIIEii £11 iillllE 

in the bes"t style. Masonic and Odd Fellows' regalia painted on 
silkjsatin and velvet, in a manner not to be excelled, and at sucli 
prices as cannot fail to give satisfaction. 

All orders attended to with promptness, knd Work done with- 
out any delay. 

Mixed Paints, Oil, Glass and Putty always on 
hand, and Pots and Brushes loaned. 

C. F. DAVIS, 
G. H. MEAD. 
DETROIT, Miem 
17* 



198 DETROIT 

H. B. BROWNING, 

HOUSE, SIGN AND 

PAINTER, 

Jefferson avenue, (north side,) 

Between Brush and Beaubien streets, 

DETROIT. 

PlilJMBINC^. 
F. J. WHITSHY, 

Corner ot Randolph and Croghan streets, 
DETROIT . 

F. J. W. respectfully informs the inhabitants 

of Detroit, that he will be happy to receive as above, and 
promptly attend to all orders for every description of Lead 
Work, such as — 

Hydraulic, Lift and Force Pumps. Beer 

Pumps and common Jack Pumps, 

Fountains, &c. &c. 

He is also prepared to fit up Water Closets, Wash Basins, 
Baths, Shower Baths and Bath Heaters. And he has constantly 
on hand every variety of Faucets, Lead Pipes, &,c. 

He would beg- leave particularly to recommend to those using 
water from the Corporation works, his 

SUPERIOR PATENT STOCKS, 

which for strength and durability are every way superior — far 
less liable to get out of repair — and the expense of keeping 
them in repair trifling in comparison to those now in use. 

From his long experience in the business as a practical work- 
man, both in the cities of New York and Philadelphia, and being 
the first to introduce this important branch of mechanism in 
this growing city, he trusts he shall receive a share of public 
patronage. 
N. B.— Steamboat and Ship work attended to with promptness and despatch 



DIRECTORY. 199 

COFFIN MAKERS, 

CARPENTERS & JOIMRS, 

Woodhridge Street, (opposite* United States Hotel,) 

DETROIT. 



Keep constantly on hand, as above, ready 
made, or will make to order, 

F. k F. will also execute all orders in the 

CdRPEMTERS' AMD JOIJSTERS' 

line of business at the shortest notice, and on the most reasona- 
ble terms. R. M. FARNSWORTH, 

Larned, west Griswold st. 
A. G. FULLER, 

Cass, north Lafayette st. 

ROBERT W. WARNER, 

Corner Croghan and Brush streets, 

Nortla-®:st§t Coraier Mich. Garfleii, 
DETROIT. 

Having settled permanently in the C.'ty to carry on the above 
business in all its branches, would solicit contracts for buildings 
of all sizes and dimensions, and to those who favor him with 
their patronage, he pledges himself to do their work in the best 
style, in the most durable manner, and on the most reasonable 
terms. The best materials and good workmen will be kept con- 
stantly on hand, and work done on the shortest notice. 

Particular attention will be paid to repairing and making such 
alterations as people may find necessary in Spring and Fall, and 
men always ready, at a minute's warning, to wait upon those who 
may favor him with a call. 



coo 



hoETRdtt 



w % w wu S M W' '' wu % ^m'h 




Thankful for past patronage, hereby informs the citizens of De- 
troit and the public generally, that he contiiiues to manufacture 
and l^eep constantly on hand an assortment of Piano Fortes, 
French grand action, which he will warrant and dispose of on 
reasonable terms. For durahility, brilliancy of tone and easy 
touch, they cannot be surpassed. Please call and examine at his 
-Manufactory on Jefferson Avenue, a few doors below the MicM- 
§an Exchange, opposite the Lake House. 
-{^^ Old Pianoes repaired and taken in Exchange. 

JOHN BLOYNK. 



ORGANS, GUITAES, &C. 

ftEOKGE SCH^VE]\CK, 

\^''oo€lbrldge Street, 

Three Door« east of brush street, 

The Subscriber begs leave respectfully to 
inform the inhabitants of Detroit and surround- 
ing country that he is prepared to build to or- 
der ORGiVNS of any size, and to make Guit- 
ars, which he will warrant to be of the best 
materials and workmanship. 

GEORGE SCHWENCK. 



DIRECTORY. 



201 



Corner State and Grisivold streets, opposite the Capitol. 

J. W. SUTTON. 

Manufactures and keeps constantly- on hand, Tabs, Pails, 
Churns, Koelcrs, izc. fcc, and would inform his friends and cus- 
tomers, that he will sell as low as any other establishment in the 
Western countr}'. 



lir^'sler 




AND 

Woodbnd^re, east of Bates street. 
DETROIT. 
All kinds of Wood Turning executed with neatness and despatch, 
and on reasonable terms. 

BRASS & BELL FOTJNDR Y . 

AT THE SIGN OF THE BELL, BATES ST, 

Between the old French Church and the Michigan Garden. 

of every description furnished to or- 
der; also Bells of various sizes, &.c. 
A good stock of standard articles 
[kept constantly on hand, among 
which are Cocks of all sizes and de- 
scriptions, Copper Rivets, Kettle 
Ears, Spelter Solder,Gun Mountings, 
Inspector's and Flour Brands, Sliding 
Door Trimmings, fee. k.c. 

As the subscribers are both prac- 
tical workmen, and give their whole 
attention to the business, they hope 
to give general satisfaction. 

All orders from the country promptly attended to and articled 




forwarded according to directions. 
DETROIT, Jujy 1846. 



SOLOMON DAVIS, 
ARAD DUNCAN. 



am 



©ETReit 



DETROIT ENGINE COMPANY 

Have on hand and are constantly manufacturing 

CASTINGS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, 

Steam Engines, saw mill irons, mill gearing of every description, 
water wheels, pile drivers, screws, lathes, railroad work, thresh- 
ing; tnachines, horse powers, ploughs, cast iron bathing tubs, 
istoves of all kinds. Also, Mott's Patent Agriculturists' 
Furnace, or 

Different sizes, from 15 to 50 gallons. 




This article was constructed in consequence of a suggestion 
from the American Institute, that a simple, portable and low 
priced furnace wa- much wanted by farmers for boiling and 
steaming food, preparing maple or beet root sugar, and for many 
mechanical purposes. 

It is a boiler or Caldron, set in an iron stove or furnace, so 
formed that a space of from one to two inches is left between 
the boiler and the iron casing, causing the heat in its passage 
to encircle all parts of the boiler, even to its upper edge. They 
are used with a short pipe, the same as an ordinary stove, and 
should be furnished vi-'ith a common wooden cover to facilitate 
the boiling. 

The outside casing being made in sections insures durability. 
Of the many hundreds sold, the proprietor has not heard of one 
that has broken in use, 

S. N. KENDRICK, 

GEORGE J. DORR. 



MRCLAY & KEEMY, 

•Iflachinists and Founders^ 

Corner of Lafayette and Shelby streets. 



Detroit. 



Manufacture all kinds of Machinery and work for Railroads, 
also Saw and Gristmill Gearings, 

CASTINGS OF ALL KINDS. 

Consisting of Potash Cauldrons^Sugar Five Pali Kettles and cool- 
ers, also stoves, Ploughs, Plough Points, and Hollow Ware 
and castings usually made at Furnaces. r' ! 

\Xy^ Orders promptly^ executed 
HORSE SHOEING 

ESTABLISHMENT. 

f M(D)1I A§ Sa MIL 

Would respectfclly inform the Gentlemen of Detroit, and vicini- 
ty, that he continues the above business at his well known 
stand, near Mr. Humphrey'^s taveriv Woodward avenue. T. H» 
has principally devoted; his leisure moments to the asquirement 
of that knowledge so necessary to a perfect workman:. 

After moulding the irou to fit the footy. 

Can tack the shoe on "right side up J*" 
Which tends so much t-o the ease and elegarce of' the horse's 
traveling, together with the perfect safety of the rider,.and with- 
out which, stumbling and awkwardness of gait are invariably at- 
tributed to the poor quadruped, whereaa the smith is often at 
fault. 

Particular attention paid to eause, effect, 
and the cure of Interfering, the Speedy Cut, 
Sand Cracks, Narrow Heels^ Thrushes, False 
Quarters, Contracted Feet^ &c.. 

T. H. would embrace this opportunity of gratefully acknow- 
ledging the almost unlimited libe^ali^y and patronage bestowed 
on his establishment during the last seven years he has resided 
in this city, and furthermore would pledge himself, that all Shoe- 
ing executed at his shop, shall be attended to with a view to his 
rising celebrity, and by none v/ill he be surpassed.. 



204 DETROIT- ■ 

DETROIT SHOP, 

BOUGHA.Ei> & JOHNESS,, 

Corner of Bales and Alwater Streets, 

P E T R O I T. 

All kliTds of SHtP and STEAMBOAT work ia tlie Black- 
smithing line done in the most substantial' manner, at the short- 
est notice. 

I RO N S H UTT E R S, 

For Fire Proof Buildings, IRON GRATING, RAILING, ^c. 
&:c. made to order. Carriages ironed and repaired, Horse Shoe- 
ing and other country work executed at the shortest notice. 

A. WALCOTT, 

Corner. Front and Fourth Streets, 

DETROIT. 
JOHN E. DIXON, 

m \m ''lliiiu ''iiiiiii iiipi 'iiiip '''iiuiii ^'ii€j--''S /ilt^i M '« ''5:> 

STEAMBOAT FINISHER, 

Corner Front and Fourth Streets, . 

DETROIT. 

J. E: D. is prepared to execute at his Work Shops, as above, 
all orders in his line as a 

iHIP MIWEM & f ISISHll, 

In the most prompt manner, and on the most reasonable terms. 



DIRECTORY. 20^^ 

GOODING & M'KAY, 

Atwater east Beaubien streets, 

DETROIT. 

Where a variety of Yawl and Sail Boats, 

Fancy Row Boats and Skiffs may be found for sale or to let at 
such prices as will not fail to please. 

Boats built to order and warranted as good 

and as cheap as can be procured at the East. 

Vessels or Steamboats built to order or repaired at short notice^ 

N. B.— Oars and Handspikes always on band and for sale cheap. 

JOHN BLOOM, 

AND DEALER IN 

Ship Chandlery and Groceries, 

Woodbridge, foot of Cass street, 
DETROIT. 

HENRY MYERS, 

REMOVER OF 



P 



Farrar street, 

NORTH OF STATE STREET, 

DETROIT, 



18 



206 DETROIT 

ALPHEUS WIGHT, 

MICHIGAN GRAND AVENUE 

AND 

CONGRESS STREET, 

Between Randolph and Bates streets, 

DETROIT. 

A. Wight respectfully informs the public that he still keeps 
Carriages and Horses for hire. He also keeps Horses by the 
night, week or month, on reasonable terras. 

New liivery Establishment^ 

BY 

Corner Bates and Woodbridge streets, 

ID)(i4]r(0)fi4o 

N. B. — Carriages and Horses kept for hire. 
Horses kept by the night, week or month on 
reasonable terms. 

E. & F. St. AMOUR. 

SUBSTANTIAL 




AND 

DOCK BUILDERS, 

Corner Randolph and Gratiot streets, 

DETROIT. 
E. 6z F. St Amour continue to manufacture 

Brick, of which they intend to have a quantity on hand for sale 
at all times. 
Orders left as above carefully attended to. 



DIRECTOR , "207 

flllililijllllil=--lif^liil, 

APPLETON & ONDERDONK, 

IMPORTERS & DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF FOREIGN & DOMESTIC 

HARDWARH, 

€1ITI.11Y, &:e. 

No. 86, Pearl street, one door below the Pearl Street House, 

JAMES APPLETON, , 

J. REMSEN ONDERDONK, I "'^^ l^UKli. 

Ci-rand Hiver, Howell 

AND 

DETROIT 

mmmm mn\ 

MILITARY SQUARE, 
DETROIT. 

A Public Conveyance leaves the above Hotel 

for Howell, as follows : 

Leaves Detroit Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sat- 
urdays, (through to Howell same day,) at 7 
o'clock A. M. 

Leaves Howell Mondays, Wednesdays and 
Fridays at 5 o'clock A. M. arriving in Detroit 
in time for the evening boats same day. 



208 toETROlT 

HENRY E. PERRY'S 

W 111- few ''Wil W 'fty '^1 ^¥M Xii 'iB 'ta^ 
ON WHARF OPPOSITE B. B. KERCHEVAL, 

Foot Seventh Street^, 

DETROIT, 

Where may be found at all times an extensive 
assortment of 

CLEAR AND COMMON 

Clear and Common White Wood, and Clear 
and Common White Oak. 

SHIP FLANKp DECK FLANK, 

WALE iT M F [F, 

and all kinds of Ship Timber and Lumber 
sawed to ordei** 

All kinds of BILL STUFF, for House Car- 
penters, sawed to order. 

G. CLANCY, 



Jd^ 



Office l^oodward Ayenue, 

between Jefferson Avenue and Larned St, 

DETROIT 



DIRECTORY, 209 

BATHS! BATHS!! BATHS!!! 

BY 

u 
Corner Randolph and Croghan Streets, 

(IVear Michigan Cfardeii,) 

DETR OIT. 

T. W. W. begs leave respectfully to inform 
the inhabitants of Detroit and vicinity that he 
has fitted up a number of 



As above, entirely new, which are now open 
for the accommodation of the Public. 

On the shortest notice, from 5 o'clock, A. M., 
to 10 o'clock, P. M. 

\J^ A share of public patronage is respect- 
fully solicited. 

TOILET SALOON, 

BY 

Jefferson Avenue^ 

NEAR SHELBY STREET, 

Wherp may be had HOT and COLD BATHS. A large assort- 
ment of Fancy Goods and Toys always on hand. 



210 



DETROIT 



WILLIAM TATE, 




wm Ml mwL 

ONE DOOR ABOVE WALES' HOTEL, 
•fefferson •Ivenwe ^ 

DETROIT, 

Where may be found at all times a fashiona- 
ble assortment of 



— Also — 

in the greatest variety. 

CC?^ N. Bi-^The highest price paid for Hu- 
man Hair. 



INDEX TO THE DIRECTORY. 





Page. 


Abbreviations used in the Directory, 


73 


Alphabetical list of the names of citizens, 


73 


Associations, Institutions he, 


62 


Banks, 


62 


Boundaries of the wards, 


69 


Building-s, Rows Sec, 


71 


Central Railroad, 


58 


Census of Detroit, 


66 


Churches he, 


42 


Copper Mines, Lake Superior, 


35 


Courts of law &.C, 


52 


Detroit, history of, 


S6 


List of Mayors, 


66 


Numbering buildings of. 


4 


Improvements and expenditures, 


40 


District .schools. 


57 


Disciples, notice of. 


4 


Fire Department, 


61 


Fire regulations, 


68 


Lakes and lake coast. 


10 


Lakes, depth of, 


11 


Lakes, interior peninsula. 


13 


Lakes, periodical rise and fall of. 


13 


Lakes, decrease of elevation in the waters of, 


24 


Lakes, change of elevation in the waters of, 


24 


Markets, 


50 


Michigan, Topographical location of, 


5 


Michigan, rivers of. 


17 


Michigan, soil of. 


82 


Michigan, natural woods of, 


22 


Michigan, scenery of. 


32 


Michigan, University of, 


56 


Michigan, vertical relation of several points in, 


%1 


Michigan, future prospects of, 


34 


Municipal officers, 


60 


Museum, by Dr. Cavalli, 


67 


Pontiac Railroad, 


59,4 


Preface, 


3 



112 INDEX. 

Public buildings, 48 

Public offices, 51 

St. Vincent's Seminary, 58 

St. Vincent's Hospital, 66 

State officers, 59 

Streets, list of, 69 

Water, 50 



INDEX TO ADVERTISEMENTS. 

Page. 

Apothecary and Chemist, 191 

Baths, 209 

Blacksmiths and Farriers, 203 

Blank book factory, 174 

Book-binders, 171 

Book seller, 173 

Boot makers, 179 

Boiler maker, 204 

Brass founder, 201 

Brewers, 193 

Butchers, 192 

Carpenters and Joiners, 199 

Central Railroad, 159 

Chair factory, 186 

Confectioner &lc, 192 

Crockery, china, glass &c, 184 

Cutlery, wholesale, (N. Y.) 207 

Dentists, 168 

Dry good^! merchants, 180 

Eastern Railroad, 160 

Exchant:.' brokers, 164 

Floufino mill, ' 174 

Forward: ntr and commission merchants^ 155 

Furnitui" warehouses, 186 

Furrier, 180 

GoldsmMi:s, &:c, 184 

Grand I;;ver stage house, 207 

Grocers ,nd Druggists, 190 

Hairdir -ers, £09 

Hardwi. I stores, 188 

Hatter , 17^ 
Hotel-'. i.:c, . 152 

Ice vet (M r, 158 

Insurancf companies, 167 



INDEX. 113 

Iron foundries, 202 

Justice of the Peace, 208 

Land agents, he, 165 

Lawyers, 166 

Livery stables, 206 

Looking glass dealer, 183 
Milliners," kc, 175, 177 

Organ builder, 200 

Painters, 196 

Pail factory, 201 

Piano forte maker, 200 

Pile drivers, 206 

Plumber, 19C 

Portrait painter, 169 

Printers, 169 

Remover of buildings, 205 

Saddlers, 194 

Sail maker, 205 
Saw mills, 8ic, 174, 203 

Ship and boat builders, 205 

Ship joiner and finisher, 204 

Soap and candle factory, 193 

Stationer he, 171 

Steamboats, 161 
Tailors, 176, 17S 

Veterinary surgeon, 154 

Wire screen cloth manufacturer, 194 

Wood turner, 201 



ADDITIONS, ALTERATIONS, &C. 

Page 51, "Post Office kc," for "Bates Street" read "Griswo.^ 
Street," 

Pag-e 52, "Court of Chancery," Hon. Elon Farnsvvorth, Chan- 
cellor, vice R. Manning resigned. 

For "Earner Milton," read "Barney Milton," proprietor Steam 
Boat Hotel. 

Loomis Mrs, boarding house, removed to Monroe avenue. 

Biddle John, Jefferson av, above Wales' Hotel. 



fyv 



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Deacidified using the Bookkeeper procei 
^ Neutralizing Agent: Magnesium Oxide 
A Treatment Date: 

-" SEP 1998 



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PRESERVATION TECHNOLOGIES. LI 

Thomson Park Drive 
Cranberry Township, PA 16066 



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