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Nation expected, and wu entitled to expect, that while Citlei vied with e«ch oth«r 
n\lnt Statues in marble and brass to the memory of our Nelson, a Literary Monu- 
uM r e erecteil, « hicli should record his deeds for the Immortal honour of his own 
in.i the a<linlratJon of the rest of the World." — Qcabteslt Review. 

1795 TO 1797. 













«■< «M MiMlM to cqpMt, «■« «UI* CMm vtod vilh (Ml) oOmc 
^aHMMttac •!■«■■• taoMrtie ml teMBto the mnoiy of ear MBMir, a Utanty Moan* 
■■I tirii to wwetod, vblah ahooM i«eard Us daafb Car tlM imaaortalhaiMmr of hbown 
0MDti7. BBfi tfac ailinlntkn of the reit of th* yfoM." — Q,VJamLt Bxthw. 

1795 TO 1797. 



/:- . 


rais Volume contains the Dispatcees and Letters of 
)K from the beguming of the year 1795 to the end 
year 1797. They relate principally to Admiral 
\mns Actions with the French Fleet on the 13th 
14th of March, and 13th of July 1795: to his 
when in command of a small Sqnadron on 
Coast of Genoa, acting in co-operation witJi the 
m General de Vins ; to the Blockade of Leghorn ; 
the Capture of Porto Ferrajo in July, and of the 
of Caprnja in September 179G; to the Evacna- 
of Corsica; to tlie Action with, and Capture of, a 
ilsh Frigate in December of that year ; to the Battle 
St. Vincent in February, the bombardment of Cadiz, 
engagement with the Spanish Gun-boats, and to the 
^onsnooedsful attack on Santa Cruz in Teneriflfe, in July 
[797, where he lost his right arm. Some of the events 
pilieil In theije Letters are among the most brilliant 
interesting of liis Life. 



Daring thii? period Nelson was promoted to the 
of Commodore of the Second, then of the First C 
and afterwards to that of Rea£*Admibal, was made 
EiriGHT OF THE Bath, and obtained a Pension for 
wounds and services. He returned to England for 
recoTery of his health in September 1797, and re 
on shore until March following, when he hoisted 
Flag in the Vanguard, and commenced a new ci 
glorj, by his unparallel«?d Achievement at the Ni 
August 1798, the particidars of which will be founi 
his Correspondence in the next Volume. 

Although it is by no means wished that the Noi 
this work should be of a controversial nature, it 
nevertheless l>een thought expedient to shew that 
statement in James's " Naval History of Great Brit 
respecting the proceedings of the "Agamemnon," Ne 
Ship, in Admiral Ilutham's Action on the 13th and 1 
of March 1795, is both imperfect and imjust; and t 
his implied derogation from tlie merit of Nelson's exploit! 
at tlie Battle of St. Vincent, is altogether unfounded, j 

It will be seen that numerous Letters in this Volume 
were addressed to Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B., (afteri 
wards Earl of St. Vincent,) then Commander-in-Chief UJj 
the Medit^iiTanean, and that the only authority for 
of them is Clarke and M'Arthur's " Life of Nelson." 

The incorrect manner in wliich tht>se Writers 
jirinted documents, imposed upon the Editor tlie du 
using every means in his power to inspect the origini 


Ibi feete it due to the Public and to himself to prove 

he did not neglect it, in a case where, from the 

and importance of the Letters, it wa«, perhap*;, 

Dcoessary than in any other. 

making application to various members of the 

fEarl of St. Vincent's family, in reply to which he was* 

that tile Papers were not in their possession, he 

that they belonged to the Countess of St. Viucent'« 

r, Vicsc- Admiral Sir William Parker, Bart. G.C.B., 

It they ■were in the hands of Jedediali Stephens 

r, Esq., the author of " Memoirs of Admiral the 

I of St. Vincent." As Sir William Parker was abroad, 

Editor wrote to Mr. Jedediah Tucker, stating his 

«nd pointing out the importance of enabling him 

iTffify the Letters given in Clarke and M^ Arthur's 

in justice alike to the Earl of St. Vincent, to Lord 

fldfloa, and to the Public. Mr. Jedediah Tucker's reply, 

October last, stated tliat he was unable to inform him 

the address of any relative of Lord St. Vincent, who 

kay have letters from Lord Nelson, except Sir William 

barker, '* neither can Mr. Tucker place the Letters he 

'ii»y po»8e88 from Lord Nelson in Sir Harris Nicholas's 

haudst for Mr. Tucker does not think it advisable that 

'Sir Harris Nicholas should publish them. Attention 

* is given to the state in which the Letter from Lord 

'StVinoent appear, and should it be thought expe- 

*dient to take any steps, the proper ones will be re- 

'Kffted to." 



From the Writer of a Note in which little was intelU' 
gible except discourtesy, it was obvious that nothing 
useful could be expected. 

On the return to England of Vice- Admiral Sir Willi 
Parker, the Editor lost no time in writing to him ; and 
though he did not succeed iu ubtiiining access to the 
Papers, he received a courteous ans^vcr, the purport of 
which was, that though the Earl of St. Vijiceut had 
bequeathed tu Sir William Parker Lord Nelson's Cor- 
respondence, yet, from particular circumstances, thoN 
Letters had never been actually in his possession, that 
they were then in a distant part of the country, that it 
was absolutely necessary that he himself should peruse 
them before they could be published, and that, whenever 
it might be in his power, he woidd gladly aftbrd any assist 
auce to the Editor, as no individual existed who could 
be more anxious to promote any authentic work which 
would enliance the reputation of those bright examples 
of the Naval Profession. This reply precluded all hoi)€ 
of accomplishing the Editors object, at least imtil 
remote and indefinite period, and compelled him, though 
with indescribable reluctance, to print many Letters o 
the greatest importance to the fame of two of England's 
most celebrated Admirals, written at the most eventfu 
period of their services, exactly as he found them, wel 
knowing as he, and the possessor of the originals do, that 
the copies to which he is obliged to trust, are intcrpo 
lated, and imperfect. 



mce of there l>eiiig a fe^v Letters in Clarke 

jULrthnr's work, from Nelson to the late Eai'l 

[wldle First Lord of the Admiralty, the Editor 

ted the preaeut Earl to permit liim to see the 

}i\ but Uis Lordship informed him that he has uo 

from Lord Nelson which could he of any use to 

fff he would willingly allow him to see them. 

In the '* Advertisement" to the Second Edition of the 

Volume, the Editor expressed liis obligations to 

ipenMius for contributions siuce its publication; and 

It List, and to the List in the Preface, he now adds, 

f ery great satisfaction, the name of Eakl Nelson, 

interest in the fame of the Great Founder of his 

Jours is alike earnest and becoming. The Editor also 

leave to thank Rear- Admiral Samuel Hood lugle- 

C.B., for some valuable Letters. 

The rapid sale of the First Volume of this Work 

(I made it necessary to reprint it, advantage was 

uf the circumstance to insert in the new Edition 

Letters as had been sent to the Editor since its 

inoe; but, in justice to the purchasers of the First 

iition, all tlkose Letters have lx;en reprinted, and are 

I, with the " Advertisement" to the new Edition, 

Ute end of this Volume. It may be proper to add that 

large impression which has been struck of tlie pre- 

It, and will be taken of the subsequent Volumes, renders 

ivf Edition of them improbable. 

Tornnffion Square, 

Uth February, 1845. 


B.K«jUf(m Flownao, 1 7th January 

.R.H. the I>ake of ClAn>n<!e . . . Fiorenzo, Idtb Jnuturv 

lkl!T«1»ot) . Finrenzo, 3 bt January 

rBKiBi (>' T->ii Aj^memnoti, Fiorenzo, l»t Februarj' 

boiMal'' . ^Vgiuiiemnon, 6th February 

imfiMa SuuUIin^, Emj . St. Fiorenzu, 7th Febninry 

St. Fiorenzo, 7th Febniury 

I . , . I^hom, 25th Febninry 

ilHamis E*4. . LeKhorn, iTth February 

OD board bi» i^lnjeitty'» Ship Agamemnon, and of the 

•» M«n and known by Captain Nelxon, 

From the 8th to the 14fh March 

A^ftmemnon, at Sea, 10th March 

il (rocMlall Apunomnon, 12th March 

. . . . Agnmeinnon, luth Afarch 

' lapetice lith March 

i,»«j. Agtniienin«ji>, Porto Espceia, '21st March 
..Esq.. Agamemnon, Porto Especia, '22nd March 
Hmt. Mr. Nelson, Hilboroufrh 

Axwnvmnoii, Porto Flnpecia, 25th March 

PoUard, Btq Agamemnon (torn) 

FiorensQ, 1st April 

Elliot, Vlc«-Roy of Conricn 

Agamemnon, St, Fiorenzo, 2th April 

Ri^ Hon. Sir Gilbert Elliot 8th April 

K«l»«n St. Fiorenjscs 12th April 

t Ilnn r.nrabla Sir Gilbert Elliot, Agamemnon, Ifith April 
ufClarenc* . St. Fiorejiso, 16th April 

' "t'CUrence 

Agamemnon, of Cape Corse, 24th April 






1795, cottUnued. 

To the Hev. Mr. Nelson, Bath . Agamemnon, at Sea, 24th Ap 
To William Suckling-, Esq. . . Agamemnon, at Sea, '24th Af 

To Mrs. Nelson Leghorn, 28th Apr 

To William Locker, Esq. . . . Agamemnon, Leghorn, 4th Ma 

To William Suckling, Esq lyeghoni, 4th Ma 

To Leghorn, 5th M 

To Daniel Williams, Esq. . - . Ag.imeranon, Leghorn, 3th Majj 

To Thoma3 Pollard, Esq 22nd 

To Mr*. Nelson Off Minorca, 29th Ma| 

To Thomaa Pollard, Esq 29th Majj 

To William Suckling, Esq Off Port Mahon. 7th Juii 

To the Right Hon. William Windham, Secretary at War, 8th Jb 
To the Rev. Mr. Nelson, Hilborough . . Off Minorca, 8th Jur 

To Thomas Pollard, Esq 8th Ju 

To William Locker, Esq Off Minorca, 18th Ji 

To "William Suckling, Esq Off Minorca, 20th Ji 

To the Rev. Dixon Iloste Off Minorca, 22nd Jn 

To the Rev. Mr. Nelson, Hilborough, 

Agamemnon, off Minorca, 22Qd Jui 

To Mrs. Nelson St. Fiorenzo, 1st Julj 

To William Locker, Esq. . Agamemnon, off Cape Corse, 8th Jul, 

To H. R. IL the Duke of Clarence 13th Julj 

To his Excellency Francis Drake, Esq., Minister at Genoa 

Agamemnon, Genoa Mole, 1 8th Juljrl 
To Earl Spencer, First Lonl of the Admiralty .... 19thJulyJ 
To Admiral llotham . . . Agamemnon, Vado Bay, 22nd July^f 

To Mrs, Nelson Off Vado Bay, 24th July 

To the Right Hon, Sir GUhert Elliot 

Agamemnon, Leghorn, 27th July 

To William Suckling, Esq Leghorn, 27th July 

To Admiral llotham Agamemnon, Leghorn Roads, 28th July 

To the Rev. Mr. Nelson, Hilborough 

Agamemnon, Oulf of Genoa, 29th July 

To Mrs. Nelson Vado Bay, 2nd August 

To Francis Drake, Esq 4th August 

To Francis Drake, Esq 6th August 

To Captain Cockburn 8th August 

To the Right Hon. Sir Gllliert Elliot . . Va<lo Bay, LSth August 

To William Locker, Esq Vado Bay, 19th vVugusf 

To J. Harrintan, Esq Vado Bay, 2.3rd August 

To the Commander of a French Corvette Alassio, 26th August 

To Admiral Ilnthain Vado Buy, 27th August 

To Admiral llotham . , Agamemnon, at Sea, 27th August 
To Admiral Hotham . . Agamemnon, Vado Bay, 30th August 
To Captain Collingwood Vado Bay, 31st August 



1 7Q5. fontinued- 

r, Esq. . . . Vado Btj, .'list August 

.Kttaoa . . .... Vadii Bay, 1st Sept eraber 

I Dnlce, EA4. Aganieninon, at Sea, 9th September 

> wsl to Gn>er»l de Vins .... About 9th .September 

ktbExeelkwy Baron de VifM 

Agamemnon, Vado Bay, 14th September 

bKeben . VaJo Buy. 12th September 

I ie Vitu . . Genoa Mole, 1 7th September 

Botbam Genoa, 17th September 

cj FraDcia Drake, Esq. 

Agamemnon, Genoa Mole, 18th September 

lletliam 20th September 

.Jithoa 21st September 

I Bigbt HoQ. Sir Gilbert EUlot 

Agamemnon, Leghorn, 24th September 
tBer. Mr. Neboo, Bath .... Leghorn, 29th September 
lOaBBnaderof the Neapolitan Flotilla . . . ht October 

. Hriwn Yado Bay, oth October 

SockUng. £»q. ... Off Marseilles, 27th October 

... ... Agamemnon, Vado Bay, 6th November 

|iCi«aBi] Coant Wallia, of the Aattrian Army 

Agamemnon, Vado Bay, 7th November 
iBmaifeVloA . . . Agamemnon, Vado Bft3% 8th November 
lUtBMaa Drake, Eiq. . Agamemnon, Vndo Bay, 12th November 
U'Arthnr, En*]., John Udney, l\,iq., and Thomas Pollard, 
tEa%, Priac Agents . Agsuiiemnnn Viuli> Bay, 12th Novcml>er 
i Ntpaan, Esq., Sec'retary to the vVdniiralty 

Agamemnon, Genoa Mole, 13th November 
.R.IL ibe Duke of Ciarvnce, Genoa Roads, I8th Noveml)er 

.R.n. th»« Duke of Clarence 19th November 

> TM»-.-Vdmiral Sir Hyde Parker, 

Agamemnon, Genoa Road, 20th November 
Grf«vll}«, Secretary of State for Foreign Aflairs 

Agnmemnon, Genoa Road, 23rd November 
)B«rerciu1 Mr. NeW)Q, UUborough 

Agamemnon, Genoa Road, 25 th November 

Ik AJmoal Sir Jolm Jertrb, K.B About 2oth November 

T^\k EueUeney FrancU Dra}<e, E.sq. 

Agamemnon, Genoa Road, 27th November 
TtJ^im Wnijam Brame, Esq., Conitul at Genoa . 'lOth November 

NeU>« 2nd December 

-Admiral Sir Hyde Parker 2nd DecemVier 

r&» Right Hon. Sir Gilbert Elliot 

Agamemnon, at Sea, 4th December 
'» lui EieriJeocy Francis Drake, »4 . Leghorn, 8th De»-'ember 






1795, eonHnwd. 

To Mi*. Thomas Pollard Leghorn, 10th December 

To the Rev. Dixon Hoste . Agamemnon, Leghorn, r2th December 
To hb Excellency Francis Drake . . ■ Leghorn, 16th Deceml«f 

To Mrs, Nelson 18th December 

To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B., Commander-in-Chief in the Me- 
diterranean Leghorn Road», 21st December 

To the Beverend Mr. Nelson, Hil borough 

Agamemnon, Leghorn, 26th December 


To ^£rs. Nelson Agamemnon, Leghorn, 6th Jannaiy 

To Mrs. Nelson . . . Agnmemnon, St. Fiorenito, 20th Jonuaiy 

To Admiral Sir Jolm Jenis, K.B 23rd January 

To Mrs. Nelson Gnlf of Genoa, 27th January 

To Mrs. Nelson ......... Le^om, 12th February 

To Tliomas Pollard, Esq Leghorn, 1 7th February 

To the Hon. John Trevor, Minister at Turin. Alwut the 2nd March 
To H. R. H. the DnWe of Clnrenoe . . . Genoa Mole, 3rd March 
To William Locker, Esq. . Agamemnon, Genoa Mole, 4th Alarch 
To the Rev. Mr. Nelson, Hilborough . . Genoa M(jle, 4th March 
To the Hon. John Trevor . Agamemnon, Genoa Mole, 4th INIarch 

To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B Leghorn, 10th March 

To the Right Hon. Sir Gilbert Elliot, Bart. Leghorn, 1 0th March 
To the Right Hon. Sir William ILimilton, K.B., Minister nt Naples 

Agamemnon, Leghorn, 11th March 
To Francis Dn»ke, Esij., Minister at Genoa .... 15th March 

To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B At Sea, 16th March 

To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B 16th March 

(In continuation) . . Off the Hieres Islands, 18th March 

To Uis Excellency Francis Drake, Esq 25th March 

To Jlrs, Nelson 25lh March 

To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B. . . Agamemnon, 28th March 
To his Excellency Francis Drake, Esq. . . . Genoa, Gth April 

Tn Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B Off Genoa, 7th April 

To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B. 

Agamemnon, Gulf of Genoa, 8th April 

To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B Genoa, 9th April 

To General Beauliou, Commander-in-Chief of the Austrian Army 

About 9th April 

To his Excellency Francis Drake, E.«q 11th April 

To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B 13th April 

To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B 15th April 

To Captain ColUngwood Genoa, 16th April 

To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B. . . . Genoa Mole, 18th April 


B. tiw I>like of Clarroce 

AgsnMmnon, off Genoft, ISUi April ISC 

l>nk«i, £*q. . AgamcouMo, Genoa Rua<i, 19tfa April 127 

lb Dnke, £sq. . Asamemaan, off Vadu Baj, 22nd Apri) 129 

IsA. Jdm Treror 22nii April 160 

... GtilforG«iM)^ 24th April ISl 

John Jervt»^ K.B. Off Loono, 2Sth April 161 

John Jervis, KJi. ... 2(Jth April 16S 

l5t May 163 

John Jerris, KJ) G«ik» Hole, 1st May 164 

StecOenrj Franca DTak<>, Esq Nu dal« 168 

kdnl Sir John Jervb, K.B. < >fr Cope NoU, 4tb May 167 

bxal Sir John Jertls, K.B. ... .8th Hay 167 
■adorn dcHvend to Mr. Bnunc, liritLih Coiuul at Gpooa 

AUiut 15th May 170 
« Bigk Hon. Sir Gilbert Elliot Bart. 

AgAmemnon, at Sea^ 1 Gth May 1 7 1 

lA^ial Sir John Jerm, KJ3. , . Leghorn Roads, 18th May 173 

tnuKeitan Leghorn, 20th Sitay 173 

tMtal Str Julin Jervia, R.B 2:)rd May 174 

bininl Sir John Jervis, K.B 30tli May 175 

iifabal Sir John Jerri«, K.B. 

Agamemnon, I'rt'Oneglia, 31 »t May 176 
Ltcf rnuataketi b«twe«n the 1*t of June, 171)4, and Uie Ist of 

JttN 1796 178 

UnirBl Sir John Jenris, K J}. . Off Nice, 2nd Jane 179 

Umbll Sir John Jerris, K J). .... Srd June 180 

SeoMi PoOsrd, Esq St. Fiorenzo, 4tb June 181 

tdminl Sir John Jenris, K.B Fiorenzo, 4th .Tune 181 

bhanl Sir John Jervis K B. . . 5th June 182 

In Bglrt ilon. Sir Giltxrrt Kltiot, . . 9th June 193 
bBiglkt Hon. Sir Gilbert Elliot 

AgtimetnnoD. San Fiorenso, 10th .Tuno 183 

b Siglit Hon. Sir Gilbert Elliot . . ■ Captain, 12th June 1K4 

ieLNelsao Captain ot Sea, 1 3th Jane> 184 

linUkin Locker, £s«] Captain at Sea, 20th June 

U Bet. Mr. NelsiW), Ililborough 
l» Pmich Minister at Genoa . 

Sir John Jervb, KB. 

Sir John Jervis, K.B. 

S5r John Jcrris, K.B. 

ly) Francis Drake, Esq. 
I Sir John Jenrla, K.B. 

Captain at Sea, 20th June 

Genoa Mole, 22Dd June 

Genoa Mole, 23rd June 

Captain at Sea, 24lh June 

. . . 25 th June 

About 25th June 

Lt'glwjrn Roads, 28tli June 

OllbBrt Kiriot .... Ci^Jtain. San Fiorenzo. 1st July 
aent to tlw preceding Letter 




1796, eonHmud. 

To Sir Gilbert Elliot Captain, Sad Fiorenio, 3od Jviy 

To Sir Gilbert Elliot . . C&ptain, San Fiorcnzo, 2rd Jolj, /iJt 
To Adniinl Sir John Jervis, K K. Captiun, San noreruto, 3rd July 
To David Hfsatly, E*'). . Captain, San Fiorenxo, 4th July 

To Sir Gilbert Elliot Captain, Son Finrenxo, 5th July 

To Sir Gilbert Elliot , . . , Captain, San Fiorenzo, 5th July 

To Admiral Sir John Jerris, K.B Atli July 

To Jo6(^h Bramc, Esq Captain at 8eA, 6th July j 

To the ConraU of tho difTerent Nations at Leghorn 

Captain, off Leghorn, 7th July 
To Sir Gilbert Elliot . . . Captain, off Porto Ferrajo, ftth Julv 
To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B., Captain, Porto Fermjti, (>th July 
To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B., Captain, Porto Fcrrajn, lOlli July 
To Sir Gill)ort Elliot .... Captain, Porto Fprrajo, 1 0th July 
To his Excrflency, the Uon. William F. Wymlham 

Captain, Porto Ferrajo, 11 th July 
To Admiral Sir John Jerris, K.B. Captain, off Leghorn, loth July 
To Sir GilWrt Elliot .... Captain, off L^honi, 15tb July Slf 
To tho Danish Consul at Leghorn 

Captain, Leghorn Roadfl, 17th July ^14 
To Sir Gilbert Elliot . . . Captain, Leghorn Road^ 18tli July il$ 
To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B. Leghorn Roads, 18th July 316 

Memorandum About the 20th July 217 

To H. E. H. the Duko of Clarence 

Captain, Leghorn Roads, 30th July 318 
To the Right Hon. Sir Gilbert Elliot . Cajitatn at Sea, 26th July il 

To Admiral Sir John Jervia. K.B 27lh July 39S 

To the Right Hon. Sir Gilbert Elliot, Bart. 

Captain, Leghorn Roads, 28th July 221 

Memorandum Captain, Leghorn Roads, 3 1st July 

To Captain CoUingwiNxl . . Captain, Leghorn Rovls, 1st August 

To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B Ist August 

In continuation 2nd August 

In continuation 3rd Augtist 

To Sir Gilbert Elliot . . . Captain, Leghorn Road.s 1st August SS' 
List of Commodore Nulsoa'a Squadron, and how disposed of 

I at August SSl 
To William lacker, Esq. Captain, Leghorn Roads, 2Dd August 8S 

To Mrs. Nelson 2nd August 39 

To the Marquis dc Silvsj, Naplos 3rd August 28 

To Sir Gilbert EUiut . . . Captain, Leghorn Roads, 3rd AngTi't 2S' 
To the Right Hon. Sir Gilbert Elliot . Leghorn Roads, 4th A), l 
To Sir Gilbert Elliot . . . Captain, Leghorn Roads, 5th Aiu 
To Sir Gilbert Elliot . . . Captain, Leghorn Roads, 5lh An. 
To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B. . . Leghorn Roods, 5th Au. 





1796, 00»«haadL 

. . Cftptain, Leghorn Ro&ds, 5th Augnat 

- ' ' ' . Captain, Leghorn RoadK, 1 0th Augu^tt 

. Captiuii, Leghorn Roiuiii, 1 1 th August 

akr John Jen-is, K.B lath Aagiut 

Appsvntly in coutinu&tion .... ButU, 17th August 
Ife BCT. Mr. Nelson, Hilborotigh 

Captain, between Bostia and Ivegfaonit 18tb August 
Boo. Sir Gflb«rt Elliot . Cnptain, at Sea, l»th August 
Gilbert Elliot .... Ctptain, off Boatia, 16th August 
tb* Biiv. Mr. NoUon, Bath ..... Captain, 19th August 
lUi EuyMl Highne^o tbi^ Duke of Clarence . . . liHh Augiut 

fiwaJiah Consul at L«ghum 20th August 

<3tib«rt. Klliot . . Captain, Leghorn Roods, 20th August 
Bir Juhn J^rviii, KM. Leghorn Roads, 20tli August 

ApfarBiitljr in oontinoatioa 2:2Dd August 

SlgMT J»]n«« de Lavelett«<, Governor of Leghorn 

Leghorn Roads, 32nd August 

iGftbtft Elliot . . Captain, Leghorn Roads, 22nd August 

. Kalian ,.....> Leghorn Roads, 23rd Augui^t 

'GabeTtK' , r.^ghom Roads, 23rd August 

^<ir GL'bcrt K . - Leghorn Roads, 25th August 

Hot . . Captain, off the Gorgoiia, 27th August 

i.Iliot . . Captain, Leghorn Roods, 3rd Soptemlwr 

Sir John Jervis, ILB. Leghorn Roads, 3rd September 

to tlie Genoese Government 

Captain, Mole of Genoa, 4tb Scftetbhet 
to the Genoese GuvRrninent, About September 

lit Kxpallmc/ Francis Drake, Esq !>th Stipteiulier 

Om GmMM Secrvtury of State 

Captain, Genoa Mole, 10th Septemlier 

Mra.NaUaa 10th September 

AAa^nl Sir John Jorviii, K.B. 

Captain, off Genoa, 1 1 tb September 
Adbninl Sir John Jervia, K.B. 

Cftptain, off Genoa, 11th September 
Omne, Es4}., British Consul at Gcaioar 11 th Septf^mber 
hit conduct towards the Genoese Govemmpnt 

nth September 
kb ExadlflMj Fnoou Dnk«, £»]. 

Captun at Sea, 12th September 

AAainl Sir John Jervis. K.B 1 4th September 

In oan^uatioti . . . 1 5th September 

(About 17th September) 

AtLsind Sir John Jervis, K4). 

Captain, Ilartioor of Capmjo, I9th September 






^^^^^^P \7ii6^ evHtinued. 



Hbal Duo Juan Morino . Appnrently about *24th December 

316 ^^H 

Hiial Sir John Jcn-i*, K,D 24th December 


mhti S4r John Jt^rvut, K.B 24tb L>eccrobe'r 

317 ^^1 

^^ight Ilonoarablc Sir GillxTt Elliot 


^^H L« Mioerv«, £iiat side of Sardinia, 24th December 

318 ^^M 

^^^k Apparently '24tb Decemlier 


^^^fet KUiot Lti Miiienre, 27th December 


^^PSir J. Jervu, K.B 29tb December 


HS^un General of CurthiigAnii 


H La Miiicrve, r«rt Femgo, 29th December 

321 ^H 

Kind Sir Joha Jerri;). K.B. 


B Lu. Miuervi-, Port Ferraj(s 29th December 


Kliiiiiit Pi 1 de Burgh 29th December 


Klmaot-GeDcnJ de Burgh . . La Minerve, SOth December 




323 ^^1 

^^^Kvnd Edmund Nelson . . . La Minerve, 1st January 

^^^Bbgn Purto Fcrrftjo, 13th Juuu&r}' 


^PKvmd Mr. Nelaon, Ililborouijfh 


Lu Mimrve, Port Ferrajo, 13th January 

326 ^^M 


llraaDt'O^^i'TuI •lt> Burgi. 


328 ^^M 

ttiml Fir Jiihii Jcrvis, K.B. 


La Minerve, Porto Ferrajo. 2otIi January 


^ . . 27th Jonuary 


r»r: Esq., Private Secretary to Sir Gilbert Elliot 

La Minerve, 1 Ith Foliruary 


BefliftHi* mlatiTfl to royself, in the Captain, in wliicli my 


■dflct w^ " the mont glorious Valentine's Day, 17'J7 

340 ^^M 

Btfourti t>) myself, in the Captain, in whivli my 


^•daat »» t1\-iu^ OH the mo-^t glurir>ur< Valentine's Day, 1797 


Mn C<»IJtngwo.x)^ U. M. Ship Exocllent 


" Irrvsistihie, loth February 

347 ^H 

<?iH.»* P1f;.^t r?„r» . . . Irresistible, IJth February 


. . . Irresistible, 16th February 

^^1 .,ir .Mi-uri irresistible, Lfl|af«is Bay, 17th February 


Brr. Dixon Ilotte, Irresistible, Lnp» Bay, 17th February 


Iht;- " Tv*q. . Irre.".ii>tibk-. Lagos Buy, 21 nt February 


ivi. . , Eaq^ Irri'sistibUs. iff Lagos B»iy, 23rcl February 


liuBt Wiiiiihtun, E*q., W.P. for Norwich 


Irresi^'tibU^ off Lisbon. 26th Februivry 

236 ^^1 

Ml^ar of Norwich . Lrrei«i*tible, off Lislion, 26Ui February 


lU 1 I I |L 

r« fiiri EfMM; nn Laid «r the 

fn irii. drcy St MayX ! 
T« B. B. B. Ac Oake of Otfwce 


T» ffcr B«T. Mr. Kcba% Bah««i«h 

Cbftain, off Cif» 8t Vsneanrt, ( 
r« Jcka M'Aillw, Enq. C4tni,a0^Cafis,l< 

tJdaM'ArtlHr.Biq. Cspteiii, offCwfix, 1< 

)^«teV'Anliv.£«q. . . . 

iJUainlSv Jotm Jernii.K.B. . nth. 

Tw tfae Amoicu and Danlih Consolt at Cifliz 

Caf)tsix^ofirC■dix, Uth. 
r« liie Gi|tiiH nd«r Um Ords» «fB«ir- Admiral Nelson 

Off Cadiz, nth 

To Adminl Sir John Jerris K.B. . : I2th. 

To Sir Jvoat S«tuiuu«z, CoauBander of !» Mi^esty's Ship < 

Ciptaio, ofT Cadiz, I2tb i 

Tu AdmLnU Sir John Jervis, K3 21st, 

To n. B. IL the Dake of CUrence Off Cape de Gatte, SOth . 
To Admiral Sir John Jervis, KLB., Capt^n» off Cape Pallas, 1st ] 
To JanaM SiinpAon, Esq., American Consul at Malaga 

Gibraltar, 20tli 
To Cairtnin RalpJi Willctt MJUor . . . VilJe tie Paris 24th 
Toll. K. H. tlw Dukr <«fnari«Ko . . - Oft" Cadiz, iCth 

To Mn.. NflMHi ; • • 271 

T. \ H". X«»'f^^ W*****^^*^* • Thcscos, 30tlll 

, '^ " ThcMos, 3h 

i, Apparently written in ilayor^ 

'-•«• Tlieseus, l«t Ju 

Ih .»-..• •-.. >f** ^''V**^ ^^™' Majesty's Ship Orion 

Thesfius, Irt Ja. 

,^ Sir Jo»»n Jorvis, K-B ^bout 6th Jar 

,1 Sir John JerrLsILB 7th Jun« 

' ^ , • 111 Moreno, of the Spaniah Navj-, Theseus, 8th Jud« 



\797, <»niiimd. 

1 Six John J«nrU, K-B. .... TImmu, Oth Jtmc 
m BraBHurez ... . . 9th Jane 

I Slit John JcrvU, K.B. ■ loth Janu 

I Ssx John Jcrvis, K.D. . U. M. 8. Tlirsvus, I'illi June 

1 Six John Jurrik, K3. 13th June? 

Sir John Jitvu, K^. . H. M. 8. TbMCW. l»th June 

b«B 15th Juue 

Sir John Jervi>, K^ Tbetetu, 2lBt June 

i Sir John Jsrm, KJB. '^(>th June 

Imd ...... idth Jutiu 

: VmxloT, Emj., York Herald, uim t the Order 

tfdi»Batfl Tlw .. • i'Oth June 

ikBiv. DizonHoka iiu .Tunc 

I Adminl Dnn JomC dfl Musaredo "iiJune 

»Adaifil &ir Joho Jcrvis, KJi. . .... 3rd July 

Sir JoliD JcnriB, K3 Tlicien», 4th July 

tJUirinI Sir John Jervia, K.B «th July 

lAtelnl Sir John Jenb, K.R . . H. M. S. Tbesaus 7th July 

Sir John Ji-ni*, K.B Tbesvus, 9th July 

!{■ Bobvrt CaUcr, Kfiight, First C^itain to Admiral the £url 

dSL Vifujent, BLB Thweu*, 9th July 

Uaixai Sir John Jorvis, K^ lUh July 

»iMnl Sir John Jerris, KJi Thewa*, lOth July 

iSr JmM Soiununt ....... . Thnms, 10th July 

lCi|4ib John KicholMH Inglefiekl . 11th July 

Keboo 12th to 14th July 

aim rcupcetiag the tJtttcTt on Tenexiflfe . . 
[lUrTiiiilHiii reipeetiiig the attack on Tcneriffe . 

I wUdi BpfMX to htTO l>een submitted to one ur mure of the 
Ciptafau c^iiae Sqwlraa deitinDd to attack TenerifTe .... 

flplaioat tttptc^ang the tttock on SantA Crux 

Ilaaai Tfvmbfidg*, Eiq^ Capt&in of II. M. Ship CuUoden, and 
Coomaiukr of the Forces ordered to Iw landed for taking Hanta 

Cnu Th^»eu», at Sea, 20th July 

I MmiihiiiIiiiii relative to TeneriAe The«euti, 20th July 

|ftLii«tNiaai Bajmeo, Hoyal .\rtillcry, . . . 'Hicseu*-, 20th July 
[l^nfttlii Tboiaw Oldfield, Senior Captain ot t)io Marines ordered 

toCMinhark ThcoeuB, 20th July 

[Ttdaa Gonmor or Commaiuiini; OiBMr of Sontft Cruz 

TbeseoB, 20th July 
Sir Joha Jervit, K.B. 

Th««eui>, off Santa Cru*, 24th July 

lEinflaaoy Don Antonio Gutierrez, Commandant-Genera) of 

Caairy Uanda H. M. Ship Theaens, 26th July 



1797, continued. 


To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K^., Thewu&, off Santa Crux, 27th July 
Link of Killed, Wounded, Drowned, und Missing, in Storming Santa 

Crust, in Teneriffe, on the night of the 24th July, 1797 . . . ^^ 
A Detail of the Froceeding^ of the Expedition agitinst Santa Crae, 

in Tenerifft! 

Journal of Proceedings of II. M. Ship Theseus . 14th to 'iJ7th July 41 

To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B Theseusi, 27th July 434 

To Admiral Sir John Jerris Tbeaeus, 16t]t August 49f 

To Lady Nelson Theseus, at Sea, 3rd to 16th Angort 438' 

To Rear- Admiral William Piirkir l»th August 4» 

To Admiral Sir John Jervis, K.B. 

Between the 20th and 30th August 43« 

To William Suckling, Es4j. . . Seahorse, off Scilly, 30th Auyust 4W 

To Evan Kopean, Esq Seahorse, Spithead, 1st September 438 

To John Pnliner, Esq. . Bath, 4tli September 440 

To the Rev. Mr. Nelson, Ililborough . . . Bath, 6th September 440 

To 11, R. H. the Duke of Clarence 7th September 441 

To Manley, Esq Bath, 8th September 44S 

To the Rev. Dixon Iloste Bath, Sept€rober 44» 

To Sir Andrew Snupe Ilamond, Bart. , . ■ Bath, 8th September 44S 

To Admiral the Ewl of St. Vincent, K.B., London, 18th September 44|r 

To Major Suckling .... Bond Street, about 24th September 446 

Memorial to the King About October 441 

To Admiral the Earl of St. Vincent, K.B. . . London, 6th October 445 

Til Evan Nept-an, Esq., Admiralty . . . London, 9th October 448 

To Lieutenant-Governor Locker 11th October 449 

To the Lonl Chancellor Bond Street, I'ith October 449 

To John Halkett, Esii-, Secretary to the Lord Chancellor 

Bond Street, 23rd October 450 

To the Rer. Mr. Weatherhead, Sedgeford, Norfolk 451 

Bond Street, 31st October 461 

To Captain Knight, H. M, Ship Montagu . Aljout 1st November 451 
To the Rev. Henry Crowe, Smallburgh, Norwich 

Bond Street, IGth Novemlicr 45-J 

To the ChambcrLiin of the City of London . . . 22nd November 452 

To Captain Edward Berry, R.N 28th November 458 

To Evan Nep<>iin, Esq., Atlmiralty . . London, 28th November 454 

To the Lord Chancellor Bond Street, 2nd December 455 

Thanksgiving in St. George's Church, Hanover Square, 8th DcccmlKT 455 

To Captain Edward B«'rry, R,N stii December 456 

To Captain Ralph Willett Miller 1 1 th l>eceralH?r 456 

To the Rev. Mr. Morris 11th December 457 

To Captain AUiemarle Bertie . . . Bond Street, 1 1 th December 438 
To William Marsden, Esq^ Secretary to the Admiralty 

13th December 458 


IT 97, anUittued. 

l^glMuieni of tho Ailnibnls serving under the Earl of St. 
*■ • ' Lejifol rrcN;c«dutg« for the r^corery of 

»od '. l.nrv . . . Octtiber and 13th December 

ijfepn !\\ty 14th December 

i S ftn ct u : the Admiralty, About 18th December 



ribr t^fj^ (M iin? Agamemnon on the 13th and Nth Miirch 1 705 463 

■ of C«pUiD Ralph Willett Miller 465 

tlie Order of the Bath 407 

Sir William Parker's Letter und Statement respecting 

Brttle of St. Vincent 470 


Bcfit to the Second Edition of the First Yolume .... 475 


. Sockling. Es<i . 14th January 481 


Linaee 24th October 481 


Ixtrd Hood . . Porto Koro, 8th February 480 

Loni Hood . AgTUnemnon, 2*2nd February 481 

Lord lIiX)d ... Agninemnon, 7th June 483 

Lord IIii^h] . . Agamemnon, neur Calvi, 1 9th Jane 484 

Lord Ilood Camp, Slst June 485 

Lord Hoo<l Camp, 23rd June 487 

Um. Ltruti?nant>G«lieral Stuart 23rd June 488 

L«ri Hood Camp, 25 th June 489 

Lord Hfio^l Camp, 30th June 490 

^dninl Lord Hood . . Battery, 31st July 401 

Lord Hood Camp, 2nd August 402 

ji^antl Lord Tlood, Agamoninon, Genoa Slole, 23rd September 493 

I M^^rtbllr, Eih|. Agamemnon, Leghorn, 28th Norember 494 


or TBB 


FBOM 1795 TO 1797. 


1795- Ib command of ihe Agcmemnon. 

— JantiM^ 17th I ^.^jj jjj^ pj^^ ^^^ Admiral Uotham at 

_ - _^. f St. Fioreiuo in CJorsica. 

Fehmaxy 7tb J 

— — — Cruising with the Fleet. 

— February 24th ^ 

to V ...With the Fleet at Leghorn 

March 6th j 

— March 6th Sailed in Pursuit ofthe French Fleet. 

^ Present in Admiral Hothom's Action with the 
> French Fleet, and distinguished himself on 
4th J ^^^ jgjjj jjj engaging the 9a Ira. 

— — 21st ^ 

to V . . . At Port Especia. 

— — 25th J 

— — 30th -x 

to >...At St. Fiorenzo. 

— April 16th J 

— — 4th Ordered to Hoist a DisTlNOTJiSHiNa Pemdast. 

— — 25th Off Cape Corse. 

— — 28th ^ 

to >... At Leghorn. 

— May 5th J 

— — 22nd ^ 

to V .. . With the Fleet off Minorca. 

— June 22nd J 

— — 1st Appointed Colonel of Marinesi 



ANALYSIS. ^^^^^^H 



tACTS. ^M 


eontimud , 

,. In command of the Agamemacn, wcifl 
Dl8ting:utshing Pendant. ^^^M 


July 1st 

..At Fiorenzo. ^^^| 
.. Off Cape Corse. ^^H 

— 8th 


— 13th 

..Present in Admiral Hotham's secoa^H 
with the French Fleet. H 


— Ifith 

..Sent with a small Squadron to co-op^^| 


the Austrian General, Do Vina, a^l 


Enemy, on the Coast of Genoa. ^H 

■ = 

— 18th 

..At Genoa. ^| 
...Off y ado Bay ^^M 

~ 22nd -t 
— 24th 


— 27th 

..At Leghorn. ^H 


— 20th 

..Li the Gulf of Genoa. H 


August 2nd -] 



to [. 

...In Yado Bay. H 


— 28rd ) 


^k ~ 

— nth 

..Appointed a Commodouk, with a q| 
undeT hira. 

^r ~ 

— 26th 

..Captured a French Corvette, some Gun-1 
Qud their Convoy at Alassio. 

L ~ 

— 29th 

..Sent his Bouts to cut out a Ship at One 
meeting three Turkish vessels on their 
they boarded them, but were defeated 

^L - 

— 30th 

September 1st *) 

..In Yado Bay. ^^ 


to [. 

..In Vado Bay or its vicinity. ^^^| 


— 15lh ) 



— inu .... 

..At Genoa. ^^^| 


— 24th -J 



to I. 

..At Leghorn. ^^^| 


— 29lh J 



October .>th 

...In Vado Bav. ^^^H 

^L - 

— 27th 

..OffManeilles. ^^M 

November 6th 1 


to I. 

..In Vado Bay. ^^| 


— 12lh J 



— 18th ■> 



to I. 

..At Genoa. ^^M 


— 27th J 



December Mh 




..AtL«gbon. ^^H 

^ 1796 

, Jmxvmtj 6th 



— 20th 

..At St. Fiorenio. ^^^^| 
..In the Golf of Genoa. ^^^H 

— arth 


F«i«M"v>-^iK .. 


ITM, tnmtimmd In command of the Agamemnon, weuing a 

Broad Pendant 

■BAB. lUntTB. 

FebmarylTth Off the Hieres Islands. 

March 2nd -^ 

to > ...At Genoa. 

— 4th J 

— ****** I ...At Leghorn. 

— — 11th 

— — 16th At Sea. 

— — 18th Off the Hieres Islands. 

>- ApfOeth ) 

to v.. .Off Genoa. 

— — 24th J 

— — 25th Attacked and brooght out some Vessels at 


^ — May 1st At Genoa. 

[ ^ — 4th Off Cape Noli. 

— — 8th Took two Vessels fh>m imder the batteries 


— — 18th At Leghorn. 

— — 31st Attacked and Captured a Ketch, Gun-boats, 

and Transports, at Torre deU' Arena. 
I — Jane 2nd Off Nice. 

— — 4th ^ 

to >...St. Fiorenzo. 

— — 10th j 

— 11th Shifted his Broad Pendant from the i4^<nR<i»- 

nott to the Captain. 

— — 13th At Sea. 

22°d {...At Genoa. 

23rd > 

— — 24th At Sea. 

— — 28th At Leghorn, which Port he was employed in 


— July Ist ■\ 

to > ...At St. Fiorenzo. 

— — 5th j 

— — 6th At Sea. 

— — 10th Took Porto Ferrajo in Elba. 

— — 10th -x 

to > . . . At Porto Ferrajo. 

_ — 11th j 

— — 15th \ 

to >... Off Leghorn. 
_ — 20th J 
_ — 2l8t Proceeded to Genoa. 

zzviii AltALTSffi. 


1797, eomtumed 

— Se{)iteinber Irt 

ember In ) 
to \.. 

boat 15th ) 

At Beth. 
About 15th 

— 18th. Inlxndan. 

— 27th Imreeted with the Enagns of the Order 


December 17th Went to Chatham to inspect the Vaagm 

74, the Ship i^ipcunted to recdre his IV| 

— 19Ui Attended the Ceremooj of the King's retn 

ingthanla at St Ftal's for the NaTal V] 


Fao-simile of Nelson's Antpgn^ in Angost 1797, soon after he lost 
his arm TofiuietheTI 

Fac-simile of Nelson's Autograph, in Jnly 1797, immediately before 
he lost his arm TofiKxp. ^ 

Fac-simile of Sir Horatio and Lady Nelson's Autograft in October 
1797 To&cep. * 


1795— JT. 36. 

^From C'lurkf •nil M'ArUiur. vol. i. p. 109.] 

ITtli Jti 


D have had nothing but gales of wind, but in Aga- 

lion vre mind tlieni not : she i.s tlie finest Ship T ever 

itn, and, were she a seventy-four, nothing shoultl iiuUice 

rleavc hor wliilst tlie war lasted: fur not an hour this 

I , if possible, be out of acUvc service ; much as I 

:l being so long parted from you, still we must 

py«»nd ilie present day» and two or three months may 

e ihc iliflerence of ever>' comfort, or otherwise, in our in- 

iB« I hop4* we have many happy years to live together ; 

if we can bring £2000 round, I am determined to pur- 

le sotuc neat cottage, which we should never have occasion 

•. As for Josiah,' 1 have no doubt but he will be a 

• both of us: his understiinding is excellent, and his 

u really good: he is a seamaii every inch of him. 

•t IS on the eve of going to sea again, to cover our 

ii-'iifs. Yours, &.C. 

Horatio Nrlson. 


^Froio Clarke and M'Ariltiir, vol. i. |i. 108.] 
if Kioreuzo, li)lb .Innimry, I' OS, 

liut cnitAC from 2 1st December 1704, to January the 
we arrived in this Port, was such a genes of storms 
111* »up son, A miiUliipnian of the AjriUBemuon. Vi<l« vol. i. [i. il',. 



and heavy seas, as 1 never before experienced : the Fleei 
twelve days under storm stay-sails. Our Shi]}&) although 
of complement, are remarkably healtliy, as are tJie Troops i 
Island. Tliere is already a difference to be perceived 
cultivation of the land since last year. Many hundred 
of piusturc are now covered with wheat ; and as the C 
will liud a ready sale for their com, wine, and oil, (the 
articles the French suppressed as much as possible,) 
yeai- will doubtless increase tlic growtli. The Fleet 
sea on tlie 22ud or 2.Srd, thirteen Sail of the line, 
French have fifteen in the outer road of Toidon, and fifg 
of large Transports ready at Marseilles ; tliereforc it is 
tliey have some Expedition just ready to take place, 
have no doubt but Porto Espccia is their object. We 
soon to be joined b}- some Neapolitan Ships and Fri| 
I have no idea we shall get tuurh good from them : th( 
not seamen, and cannot keep the sea beyond a passage. 

I beg your Royal Highness to believe, lliat I ever am yo 
most faithfiU scnant, 

Horatio Nslson. 

[From CUrlce aod M'Anhnr. toI. i. p. 1 DP.] 

FiorpDao, Slot Janntfy, 17M 

It is with inexpressible pleasure I have received within the 
two days ])ast your letters, with our fallier's of January the 1 
I rejoice that my conduct gives yon jdeasurc, and I trust 
shall never do anything which will bring a blush on your fai 
or on that of any of my friends. It is very trae that I ha 
ever served faithfully, and ever has it been u)y fate to 1 
neglected ; but that shall not make mc inattentive to my dot 
1 have pride in douig my duty well, and a self-approbatio 
which ifit is not so lucrative, yet perhaps ailbrds more plea.sic 
sensations. I tnist the time will come when I may be rewaidei 
though really I dmi't flatter tnysclf it is near. Lonl Hou 
told mo that my loss of an eye should be represented to ti 
King. Lord Chatliam carried my papers to the King; bi 



rtt out," all liopes will be done away. My eye is grown 
e, uid 18 in almost total darkness, and very painful at 
HL-ver ixiiwd, 1 can see very well with dio oUier. 
R»c I sliall inform Lord Ho<id, what I never told liiin 
after cvcrytliing was fixed for tlie attack of liasda, I 
ition given ine of tlji> vnonnous nmnbor of Tmops 
to oppose us ; but niy own iiunour, Lord Hood's 
, anil Oie bonoiir of our Country, mu»t Imve all been 
liad 1 mentioned wliat I knew; therefore, you will 
what must liave been my feelings during ilie whole 
,wlicn 1 had often proposals made to me by men, now 
I, to write to Lord Hood to raise die Siege. Remem- 
kindly to our friends at Bristol. I also beg to present 
conipUiuents at Wolterton. Yours, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From " The Atliensmm."] 

Asmkefflnoo, Fiorcnzo, FebrQwy lot. \7fi!>, 
ilear Sir, 

loiter, witliout date, but which I guess to be written 
C1irisUna.s, I received two days ago ; and although I have 
iT€iy frequently been favoured with a sight of your writing, 
on ilic outside of letters, yet I am always sure of your 
regard for uie, a circumstance whicli 1 ever hold 
•, and which it will ever be my pride to deserve. 1 don't 
, ai j'resent, Agamemnon has any chance of coming 
me are too inferior to the Enemy. Our Admiral' is 
1 of u«, and will not sufler a line-of-Batde Ship to get 
fifltts sight. We Rail tlje day after to-moiTOw, but I do 
I to do any good. I liave taken advantage of your 
d enclose a letter for Mrs. Nelson, With kindest 

vaA ■tir'^HMili'J M Fint T^itJ of llic Admirnli). by Kul Spciict-r, 




remembrances to Mrs. Suckling, Miss Suckling, and fami 
believe me ever 

Your niucli obliged and affectionate 

Horatio Nelson. 
Best respects at Ifanipstead. 


[Anlogropli, m ilie porsscKsiou of John Luxforrl, Enij.1 

Agiuuemuou, FtbnJAi-y fllU, 17M^ 

Dear Pollard, 
We shall never get out of tliis i\- 

-d place :* 1 Imd ra 

remain at sea for ever than return here, where nothing 
be had for love or money. Lord Beauclcrk* \nll allow a 
trifles to be received on board, for 1 liavc sent back the foW 
coop by him. I have y\'xt)le you by Tartar, and all may hav 
sent letters ; God knows if they arrive. Reports are cu 
with everybody that we retuni to Leghorn after a short cruisi 
I sincerely hope it. Believe me ever your mucli obliged, 

Horatio Nelso: 


[AiitognpU, in Uie poss«saion of Jolm Y'oiutg, Eh^.] 

Agamemuou, Si. Fioreuaio, Fcbrnnry 7ili, ITrtV 
My dear Sir, 

This day twelvemontli saw the British troops land at dn 
jtlace, for the purpose of turning tlie French out uf ilu; Islan 
and tlie more I see of its produce, and convenient Ports fo 
our Fleets, the more T am satisfiocj of Lord Hood's great wisdo 
in getti)ig )»osscssion of it; for had his Lunlsliip not con) 
forward with a hold plan, all our trade and political conse 
quence would have been lost in Italy ; for, after the evacuatia 
of Toulon, to what place were we 4o look for shelter for 
Fleet, and tlic numerous attendants of Victuallers, Store-ship 
and Transports ? Genoa was inimical to us, and, by treat] 

* Port'i Frnajo in Kllid. 

■ TLf presi'iit A<lmirHl I^onl Ameliiifi BrUtcierk, G.C.B., wlio was tli«n Caplabl 



everywhere Avitli only a stick. This day I have walked 
300 acres of line wheat, which last year only sened to ft 
few goats ; aiul if these great alterations are to be seen in 
least fertile part of tlie Island, what must be the change in 
more fruitfid ? 

And when I reflect that I was the cause of re-:'; 
Bastia, after our wise Generals gave it over, from not !..: 
the force, fancj-ing it 2000 men ; that it was I, who, Ian 
joined tlie Corsicans, and witli only my Ship's party of Marin 
drove the French under the walls of Bastia ; that it was I, wl 
knowing the force in Bastia to be upwards of 4000 men, U 
have now only vcnlmod to tell Lord Hood, landed 
only 1200 men, and kept tlie secret till within this 
past ; — what I must have felt during the whole Siege msgr 
easily conceived. Yet I am scarcely mentioned. I 
forgive, but cannot forget. This and much more ought 
have been mentioned. It is known that, for two mow 
blockaded Bastia with a Squadron : only fifty .sacks of 
got into the Town. At St. Fiorenzo and Calvi, for two m 
before, nothing got in, and four French frigates could n 
out, and arc now ours. Yet my diligence is not mcnti' 
and others, for keeping succoius out of Ctdvi for a few s 
months, are handsomely mentioned. Such things are. 

I have got upon a svibject near my heart, which is full wbi 
I think of tlie treatment I have received : cvury man who h: 
any considerable share in tlie reduction, lias got some pi 
or other — I, only I, am without reward. The taking of Corsica 
like the taking of St. Juan's,* has cost me money. St. Juan' 
cost near £o00 ; Corsica has cost me £300, an eye, and a cu 
across my buck j and my money, I iind, cannot be repaid me. 
Nothhig but my anxious endeavour to sene my Coimtry make 
mc bear up against it ; but 1 sometimes am ready to giv 
all up. 

We are just going to sea, and I hope to God wc shall mee 
the French Fleet, which may give us all gold Chains' — y<\» 

* Vi(l« vol. i., p. fl, ante. 

* Medals with gold Chftins wer« givi^n to the AdmiralH present at Lurd How*' 

victoij-, of the Isl of Jnniv 1T91; «t»I sonio of tlin Ciiptainn received n McJol, »ii» 

pended from a riband, white, wilL blue edges, wliicU wiia worn at llie ballt'ii-LoI 

of their luiiform cottl*. 



I? RememlMiT too most kindlj to Mrs. Suckling, and 
iSocUiDg', and, l>eliere me, in every situation, I fool 

Yowr much obliged and afl'ectionate 

Horatio Nelson. 
t respects lo Mr. Rumsev and family, and to Mr. Mentz. 
ttluk letter : I have said a great deal too much of mysell*; 
, tt is all too true. 


[.From Clwke and M'Artliar, Tol. 1. p. 100.] 

St. Fioronzo, "ith F<?bru»ry, 1T05. 

day twelve months, my dear Fanny, our Troops landed 
) attempt the conquest of the Island, at least of those 
i which tl)e French were in possession of; and, however 
the acquisition of Corsica may be deemed by many in 
), yet I take upon me to say, it was a measure founded 
r^ieai wisdom ; and diunng tlie wai' must be ever of the 
rsxcutial service to us, and verj* detrimental to om* 
Eaconos. AAcr the evacuation of Toulon, we had ntj place 
vbterer of our own for the Fleet to anchor in : Tuscany was 
Rfrring, and, although since declared for its, yet we are not 
fotiin of her alliance Irom one day to another. Tlic French 
Ooaml at Leghorn, though not reccivtMl ofFicially, has never 
fBUed that place, and we know that attempLs have been made 
•» get Tiukaiiy again acknowledged by the French as a Neu- 
i Power ; in which case what security have we for our Fleet, 
Ithe uiimeroaH Victuallers and Store.ships attendant on it.? 
Caraica has always supjjlied Toulon widi all the straight 
beams, decks, and sides for their Ships ; they are now 
red of that supply, wliich would have enabled them by 
[fame to hare built a small Fleet ; and besides, the Cor- 
and hemp formed by no means an inconsiderable 
I lor the dock-yard at Toulon. Moreover, all our trade, 
4t of our AUies, is obhged to make die Coasts of this 
the Ports of which would have been so full of Row- 
that no commerce could have been cairied on : uor 



could oiir Meu-of-War have prevented the evil, for ha 
twculy-four hours is calm, when these Vessels* would 
Mcrchaut-uieu, though the whole of llie British Navy 
sighl. So much for the value uf Corsica — 1 have done ;j 
recollection of one short year brings it to my mind. It 
Lord IJood's plan, and it was accomplished chiefly by 

Yours, &c., 

Horatio Ni. 


[From Cliu-kc wiil M'ArUiu, vnl. j. p. 2mi.] 

Leghorn, '^'iili Felinmjr. 

We arrived here last night after a very bad cruise. 
Coinilry, I imderstaiid, will iit a very few days declare its 
trality ; therefore, as all I'owcrs give up the contest, for 
has England to fight ? 1 wish most heartily we had pe; 
tliat all our Troops were drawn from the Continent, and 
NaA'al wai- carried on, the war where England can alone 
a figure. 

Mnrch 2iul. The French have one luindrcd and twenly 
four TransporUi full of Trr)o]>s ; something they certainly meal 
to attempt. Tuscany has just cuncluded a peace, and thi 
Port is now n]>cn to the French, as well as oiu'sclves, Th( 
Berwick is rclittcd," so we are again fourlecn Sail of the Lin* 
and one Neapolitan Sliip of ihe Line* has johicd us; we aH 
llierefore strong. I wish Lurd Hotnl would make haste out. 

Leghorn, Jfarch (Jth. The Admiral has just got some in 
fonnation which has induced him to goto sea immediately.' 
sincerely hojjc it is fur a good purpose. We are taken rath 

■ Vide Till. i.. [.. .tl8. 

• Tlw Tnncreili, coniraniulpil liy Cnptaiii Ciuwpicili, irliosc WTetcbed fiilc is 
«t'll known. 

' III litis DiKpntrli uf Uic mill iif Mnrcli. Ailinimi Hiitlinin slalpd tlmt on tli« 6i 
lip reivivrd All cxpn^iss fnmi Cit'ium, nunraiiiring ihnl llic French flci't frani TonUi 
rriiiiistiiig iif fittrcil Snil of llir Linr mirl Oirrp Vripnlrs, liiul been "ppii nfC ihe IMc 
.Marffnerite, mul n." tlitil iiitrtli(}eiir* ('r)rr«'S]v>ndcil with a sipiitl from the MocoU 
thru in the of& '''^tiu the N.W. iiunrliT, he iiiinipdiitU'ly vaiiM-d the Sqiis4rV 

to be nnraoota gUl uu the fullowiiig morning titer put to wk. 



Imt are got off pretty tolerably as to order. My 
rfcclly goo«l, as is JoHiairs. UcmembtT me to my 
fT. I liave otily to pray Gud to bless you. 

Yours, &c- 

HoRATio Nki-son. 


LtW " CuTTT|peiui Miu:a<>iie." vol. xlix. ]>. 101. Lt«>n>«uanl CliitrleH D»vid 
I. (ttt oC Dttikiel, «flKr«Bni» Sir Dnuirl, Williiuii!., n I'Dlicr Mii|^Mriil4\ | tlipii 
LH tke Agtunentuou. «tid luid wliortljr before lieoit taken prifioiirr under iLn 
I flKiitioiird in this LrlKrr.] 

g0f §if LcglKirn, I'rbriiWN '2Tlli, 17fl.'i. 

aly received your letter of December '2yi}i yesterday^ on 
of the Fleet from »ca. 

some time learnt with pleasure that your son was a 
BW, and not lost, which I feared was the case from the 
t account I had heard of the Vessel. I ut that time made 
i if any little money could be got to him ; but was told 
place it was imposjfiible : however, I will make further 
IT, and, if possible, get a remittance to him. I shall have, 
II, great pleasure in doing it on your .sun's account, 
ry good young man, and who at a future time I 
I be glad to serve. I need no reference to any person for 
• duoractcr ; Mr. Prcstwood's recorameudation of him to 
|vtB jsifTicient for every jiurpnse. 
cin acquit myself of his misfortune. I was at sea ; and 
fih Consul thought fit, which 1 never should liavc 
to, to desire your son and others, belonging t*i the 
anon and other >Ships, to navigate a Vessel with 
ck.<* to Toulon ; a Vcnsel by no means projier for the piir- 
i; and left no doubt in my mind of his being lost, 1 low- 
in case we cannot send him money, his case i.s not 
; a great number of English are in the same situation, 
t willingly miss the post, although it may be long in 
you ; and you shall hear from me again before I Jicave 
son™. I beg my compliments to Mr. Prestwood ; and be 
ircl, Dear Sir, I am, 

Your very faithful Servant, 

HouATio Nelsos. 


*ograpIi, in tbe NcImu Papers. Tliougb this NarratiTe was printed hy C1«U 
'Arthur, and is referred to br Soiuhey, yet Mr. James, in Lis " KtTid Hision* 
yhomier, vol. i. pp. MSti — 'MVA,) has disregnnled it. The omission is iLe mi>i» 
rdinary, nince Mr. Juues jiiHtly uouiplaiued of the want of precision iu A< 
in's Dispatch, and sneers, mon- siw, at ulher writers, for not Wing pi 
eJ on the snbject. Ilia occonnt of ilie Agamemnon's service* fteenu 
wilftUly UBJUNl ; and it Lilm, thercfort-. liReii thought right, in co 
tementa in Nelson'^ Narrative, and in liia Letter?, lo insert a copy of th« 
ni's Log of the 13th and I4th of Miu-ch, UM, and Likeirise the accounJ 
pnweediiigs on those davB by Mr. Ilonte, one of her Midsliipnien, in A 
hlher. Vide Note A, at the end of iliis volume, where Mr. James' ««( 
•ir will also be found.] ' 

From the 8th to the t4lli of Nath, V 

Sunday, Marcli 8tl],at five p.M.,tlie Mozelle* being 
?orgona, made the signal for a Fleet to the wesfw 
Aidmiral made the signal to imnioor, and to prei)i«" 
gh after dark. 

the 9th at fi^'c a.m., the signal to weigh, the wind blowV 
hieeze ^om the eastward. At eight o'clock, every Si 
itliout the JVIelora, Signal for the Inconstant* to K 
i'".S,W. IVjfeleager,* N.W., and the Tarlcton^ to irvoc 
Fiorenzo ^^ order the Berwick to join tlie Fleet. 
,M., Cape Coi-sc W.S.W. four or five leagues ; little wi 
Bet hauled "P ^'' *^^ ^AV. At five tlie }er' 

made tli<? •'5'en»al fur the Eneniy'.s Fleet, eighteen Sj^^, 
tt, tlie A(ln*"'^^ made the signal that the Enemy's Fl« 
apposed to be near. 

th lOth. At dayhght, the Tarleton joined, and ga'-^^:^ 

ation that a l>oat came ofl' from Cape Corse, and 10"-^^^-^ 
hat the Berwick had been taken on Saturday, the lit^"^ 

eUo, 'ii. Captain Ciiarlea Dudley I'atcr: he died a Flug officer. 

URUnt, :J0, Captain FrcmnnUe, alterviudii Vice Admiral Sir Thomas Fraa<^' 

le. Bart., O.C.B. 

eager, :i-i, Cnftlaio George Coekburn, now the Bight Hon. Admiral 8^ 

Dockbum, G.C.B. ^^ 

ktoM, Fireship, Cnptmn Urishane, oftcrwivnl* Rear AdmiruJ Sir Chjirle* Bi»^^ 

,C.B. He died ia December, Ih-JQ. « 

, Berwick wn« c«pt,ired b, ,(,« French Flee^ after a gnllaul rcsistunce. bi^*^^J^ ^ 

, UlUejohn. being sl«i„ ; •• i,, ^^^,^ „,i,f,.rtune his ba. lo.t n mo.--^ T^* 

;*nd e Jfficer, wi.o ba« hn « widow and four ^aioil cluldrcu"-^' 




half-past uuie a.m., signal for all Flag OHicers : at 

, the Mozclle made the signal for a Fleet, twenty <>fivo 

the N.W. ; signal for a general in tliat quarter. 

rcTT light airs : in the evening a light breeze westerly, 

' fire p.aj., the Mozelle made the Signal that the 

nv wrruapon a void on tlie starboard tack. At six signal 

in tiro divisions. Stood to the northward till midnight, 

the Admiral made the signal to form in the Order of 

11 ih. — At daylight nothing in sight. All day, light 

[nid rariable, with a heavy swell from the S.W. In the 

saw a French brig to the westward making signals.' 

ealm oil night, but at times the wind all round tlie 

lairh 12th. — At daylight saw near us the Princess Royal," 
itudc,' and Egmont ;' at tlie distance of four or five miles 
northward, Captain,' Illustrious,' and Tancredi :' to 
|£.S.£. a number of Ships with the foot of their topsails 
the water ; and south, a number of Ships, tlieir hulls 
Insttg out of the water. At six, the Egmont made the 
ifioT a strange I'leet ; at the same time the Princess Royal 
the idgnal for tlic Enemy's Ilcct, south. We endea- 
to join the Piincess Royal, which we accomplished at 
light aii», southerly : the Enemy's Fleet nearing 
IfuL, mir Fleet nearly becalmed. At a quarter pOAt 

«i. i?ii! ihr I III !«<'•« Fieri were descried in tlie nilciuouu of the llUi, 
by the Princess Rojral, tnA sevcrd Stiips tlieu ueor 

..-.. .. > ; liooi tlif nmin tioily iif our Fleet. — (Knval liittory, 

-) .\ilniml llolhatu, ill hix DtSpiilch, Mitv^, " AUlKiugti tbc FrcQcli 

MB bf oar tdriuiccti Frignrf diiilr, yn the two Sqntdrons did not 

of tath oilier nntil liic VMu when lliat of the Lnemy wu discorered 

I ItMal. IK). C*pt«ln John Child Piuris, bearing the FUg of Vic«- Admirml 
H "1110 GovdoH. 

I Yonng, (lUterHimU Admi/ftl Sir Willioin Yonngt O.Cfl.) 
n . 1 Sir FTyHr Piu-kcr. 

' fppTnt ■. , ftft(?^w»l^l» .\dmiral Sir Jolm SuUod, K.C.B. 

' Reeve : lie with iutul'.< n lirBrAdmirnl of the Bed, 
MlmitiU of the While, in Mat, INOa. 
M>», 14. i.B|>iAtu i bi>iiiii<i Lrnnt Fruderick, who conunuided the Blea- 
>M llt» baltiv of Ht. Vtiic«nt. iind died * Flag DfTiccr. 
I i Kcai^iiuii 7 i, rotiuniind^d hj Caiilfio CM«ccioli. 



nine, Achiiiral Goodall made the signal for the Sliips n 
form alicaJ and astcni of him, as most convenient: 
Holhaui' made the same signal. The Egmont stood fr< 
Ui join Ailmiral llotham. Our Shijis endeavouring to f< 
junction, the Enemy pointing to separate us, hut under 
easy sail. Tli«;v did not appear to me to act like O/ficc; 
knew anytliing of tlieir profession. At Noon they be| 
form a Line on the larboard tack, which they never a 
plished. At two r.M. they bore down in a Line ahead, 
brfure the wind, but not more than nine .sail formed* 
then hauled the wind on tlie larboard tack ; about three 
from us, the wind southerly, Genoa Light-house N.N.E. 
iive leagues ; saw the Town very plain. At a quarte 
tlircc r..M,, jifined Adniind Iloiham, who made the si 
Pie]>are for Battle, the body i>f die Enemy's Fleet about 
or four miles distiuit. At si.\ minules past four, signal to 
tlie Order of Batdc on the larboard tack: half past ft 
signal for each Ship to carry a light during the night, 
sixteen minutes five, signal for each Ship to take 
stations for their mutual su]iport, and to Engage the Ene 
they came up. Our Fleet at thin time was tolerably 
frunned, and with a fine bree/e easterly, which, had it li 
half-an-hour, would certainly have led us through the Eneni/ 
Fleet about four Ships from the Van ship, which was sej); 
from the Centre about one mile. At three-quarters past' 
the Fleet hoisted tlieir Colours. At dark, the wiud 
fresh from the westirard. At fifty-five minules past si 
signal to wear together. .\ fresh breeze all night : st 
the southward all night, as did tlie Enemy. 

Maixh I'Jth. — At daylight the Enemy's Fleet iu the 
about three or four leagues \ndi fresh breezes. Signal 
General chase. At eight a.m. a French Ship of the Line* canif 
away her main and fore topmasts. At a quarter-past nine, ti 
Inconstant frigate fired at the disabled Ship, but receivia 
many shot, was obliged to leave her. At ten a.m., tacked at 
stood towards the disabled Shif*, and two odier Shij 

• TLe Coinruftiiiler in Cliii'f, in Uic Britjuuiin. 

• 'lUe C^« Ir« ran fmil of Im Victoiro, and durictl (iw«y Uer owu fore i 




Tlie lUsaViled Sbij) proved to be the C;a Tra of 

\%a ... -J-l ... 1-2 Pounders French weight) 1300 

{\^ ... 27 ... 14 do. English do. J men; 

Calotte, ouo Uundrcd and twenty guns ; and ilic Jean 

1,^ aevenly-fuur guus. We could have fetched the Sons 

l>y i>a&sing the t,'a Ira to windward, but on looking 

I saw uo Sliip of the Line wiUiin several miles to su])- 

;tat*: iIjc Captain was the nearest on our lee quarter. I 

crmhietl to direct uiy attention to the (^'a Ira, who, 

**-pa&t tt'n, was taken in liiw by a Frigate ; the 8.0118 

and Jeaii Ban-as keeping about gini-shot distance on 

vetther bow. At twenty niinutes past ten the (^'a Ira 

I firing tier 8t(>m- chasers. At half-jiast ten the Inconstant 

us to leeward, standing for tlie licet. As we drew up " 

I the Enemy, so true did she tire her stem-gnus, that not a 

,au»sed some part of the Ship, and latterly the masts were 

cvcrj" shot, which obliged me to open our lire a few 

sooner than I intended, for it was ray intention to 

'. tuticlied his stern before a shot was fired. But seeing 

from the situation of the two Meets, the impossibility 

lig sup^MjiU'd, and in case any accident hajipencd to our 

, the certainty of being severely cut up, I resolved to fire 

IS I llionght we had a certainty of hitting. At a 

afore eleven a.m., being within one hundred yards of 

tj'a Ira's Ktem, I ordered the helm to bo put a-starboard, 

driver and after-saibi to be braced up and shivered, 

the Ship fell off, gave her our whole broadside, each 

in (iloable-Hliotted. Scarcely a shot appeared to miss. The 

Bl all were lired, braced up our after-yards, put the lielm 

and stood after her again. This manujuvro w*: prac- 


ii^aI ma/t nmAe for • General cIiohi?, in the coiir«e of wliich, the wriuliii 

, aiitl liliiWLij;,' Very frcnli, we ili.sciivrri'J hup of llipir I.iuciif UdttU 

> itt «:i|«<iiit Ui'r t(i]iiiii«HtM, wliicli atri>n|i:tl lr» Cn|ilmn l-'reniiuilW, oi' tlie In- 

f'ri^c (mIiii wibi tlieii fur utlvnneotl on llie ■■liimc) nil ii|i{K>rtitnity ofslipw- 

1 fg^iar itf British i-iiler|)riHc, by liM altuckiiig, rukiiig, and hunLtsiiig Ii#r 

' fmattlg ii|i of llie A|fHnii'Uiuiiii, whvn hu whn inoxt ubly NtriiiiiilcMl by Cup- 

ah, who tlid her !tn ranch iliuiiniro as to ditnble her frmii piitlitiK henrif 

• li^U ; but ihvy in<re nt lliix linii:- s<o ftir •h'tnvhvd from niir own Flrct, tlial 

ilil^il la niiii her, on nUici ShijM of the Eliciliy wcrv oontlllg ll|i to her 

ifcy ooir of which i>he wm soon after tukvn in tow." — J'ice-Jilniirui Mi*- 



tiscd till one P.M., never tUlowing tlie Qa Ira to get . 
Rini from either side to fire on us. They attempted 
their afier-gims, but all went far ahead of us. At this 
{^'a Ira was a perfect wreck, her sails hanging iu tattei 
topmast, mizen topsail, and cross jack yards shot av 
one P.M., the Frigate hove in stays, and got tlie 1,'a Iral 
As the Frigate iirst,and tlien tlie (^a Ira, got theirgiuuj 
each opened her fire, and we passed within half piat 
As soon as our after-guns ceased to bear, the Ship wa 
in stays, keei)ing, as she came roimd, a constant lire. 
Ship was worked with as much exactness, as if she 
turning into Spithead. On getting round, I saw 
Cnlotto, who had before wore with many of tlie Enemy'al 
under our lee bow, and standing Ui to leeward] 
imder top-gallant sails. At half-past one P.M., 
miral made the signal for tlie Van-ships to join him. 
stantly bore away, and prepared to set all our sails. 
Enemy having saved their Ship, hauled close to the 
opened their fire, but so distant as to do tis no harm ; i 
shot, I believe, hitting. Our sails and rigging were ver 
cut, and many shot in our luill and between wind and ' 
but, wonderful, only seven men were wonnded. The 
as they passed our nearest Ships opened their lire, but 
shot, that I saw, reached any Ship except the Captain, wl 
had a few passed through her sails. Till evening, cmploj 
Bhifting our topsails and splicing our rigging. At dark, iu 
Station : signal for each Ship to cany a liglit. Little 
south-westerly all night : stood to tlie westward, as 

March 14th. — At daylight, taken aback with a fine 
at N.W., which gave us the weather-gage, whilst the Ei 
Fleet kept the southerly gage. Saw the Ca Ira, and a lifiwl 
Battle ship' who had her in tow about three and a half 

* The fi^Uowing patAAgfe, in N«hou'« liMid, ooours u • Note lo the K( 
— N D. I obserroii the g<ia« of the <^a Ira to 1>^ much elevntej, doMliUew^ 
for our rigging and diatant .shots, iiud when «lie opened Imr fin; in pa-Hstin^r, the i 
vniinii iitii lieii>g lUtercd, rUmoHt every shot |i(k4HCii over u«, vprj' few »iiikin|r 
Am//. Thf rniuiuii of tUi< g» Jrn udil Aduiirul Goiuhill uud myself, Uioi wcj 
killoil II Liiudr*d and ten men, iiud so cul Itia rigf^ng lo pie 
!• w»* " 10 Bi-t up ntlMir liipmiuts. 

• " M u.(W't'"' ""• I'ti rooming, (ilio \hii,) being nboul six orscvoD let 


^«S »lie body of the Enemy's Fleet about five miles. 
post tax. A.M., bigiml for the Line of Battle, S.E. and 
r'ort),' luiuuies past six, for tlic Captain anil Bedfurd' 
U>e Enemy. At seven a.m., signal for Uic Bedford 
close ; Bedford's signal i-epeated for close Action, 
minutes pai>t seven, for die Captain to engage close, 
's and Bedford's signals repeated : at this time, tlie shot 
I Uic Eueuiy reached us, but at a great distance. C^uarter- 
•even, eigtial for tlie Fleet to come to tlie wind on the 
rd laclc. This signal threw us and tlie Princess Koyal 
^leeward of the IllustriouH, Courageux,' and Britannia. 
it\- niiuuics past seven the Britannia hailed, and 
nic to go to the assistance of die Captain and Bedford. 
all sail : Captain lying like a log on the water, all her 

• <l tlio t'ueinj'* Jiwftlilod Sliip, widi llic one thai 

• u'ori], itntl Aopanitod from th«tr own Squadron, 
Ik4 m feuXmiMUf cliiu*c« ijI our oultiug thcin off. The opportiiuity was itbl 

■11 Mil yrm rnnrli* tn effect iliRi |iiirpo^r, wliioU reduced the ICtiPin}' to tlie 
lofatNUi! ' 3Uip», or ciiniiiig 10 lialilr. Alihoiigii ilie tatt«r did 

' la W tl . i\iey jet ciujjp d<twii (on the contnuy lAck to which 

iwm) vult Utv WW of rappoTtin^ ihem ; t>ut die CapUin umI fi«<l/ord, 

Ui tUUmk ihe Eiirm.r'H diaablid Ship aud her coidjuiiuod, «rere lo^ 

wai *o Gln««)j sapporlcd lij lliv otLrr SUipn of oiur ran, as to cut lliem 

rftam aa; aKAhlAnec tliat roiild hn given iliom; tlie conflict ended in 

ft afcridniilin: tliem, and flring upon mir Line at the y passed with a light air 

TImi rwo Shi{m that Ml, prnvcd to be the Ca Ira, ^fonncrlj-theCoiironne,) 

i.l iU« Cerweur, of wvnnt^-fow. Our Vaii-sliipn suflbrvd ao 

-A. putifiUiU'l.v the Illiisiriou!" and Conragoux, (having each Io«t 

nd isisrn- masts, ) ihnt it iK'Oune imposHible for anything further to 

I harvr, Itowrrcr. f[ood reason 10 hope, flrom tho Enemy's ntccring to the 

, ttUt tiiif ins patkcd our I'leet. thai whatever might havo been tlieir desiftn. 

•OK are for the jiresCIil fruatral<»il." — Virg-Aiimirnt Hothnm'i DujMlch. 

74, Ctftjun Gonld. who rcrtntnanded the Audncioutt at the Battle of tho 

' Alaural Sir Davidge Gmild, rj.C.B. 

7i, Captain Aug^mln* Nfoiitpomrry : he died in command of the 
,iir«bnur7 I'.Ufl. 

iCltii"" li'f in f'liirf >o alliLiian to ihift onier occurs in Admiral Ho. 

tl iiitiiher ilii" Agamemnon nor Captain Nelson are men- 

.■Kil niln'iujy (f<^'''"> de-M'ribinp the e>nRngement with the ("^'n 

rwo* ti«>. wltfrruM ii ii|i|ii'sir> ilinl so cousiiicnoiia were the jterviee* ofj 

Ml liii* 14ili, thm Itoih die (,« Ira and Lc CenAcnr, 74, snrren- 

•m uken pot»<>«ition of liy her. Admirid Motham'« reason fur 

rtiT '*3^tidti wUii hail di»tlDgni«h(-d liimitelf, eicept hia Flai; Captain. 

-prewitig hia "cordial commendation of all ronlLs collrc- 

iiAeult tn apeeify particular de«ert where emulation wom eont- 

J for bit Mtyeaty'B service iLe general deaeription of tho I'leeU" 




sails and rigging shot away : Bedford on a wiud on Uie lar 
board tack. Quarter past seven, signal to annul coming ta 
tlie wind on tlie lai-bfurd tack. Thirty -live minutes pea 
seven, signal for the Illustrious and Courageux to make inoit 
sail. Forty nunutes past seven, <liito signal rejwated. Forty 
two minutes ]M\st seven, Bedford t*> wear, Coiu"agcux to gv»t h 
her station. At tliis time, passed the Captain ; hailed Admin 
Goodall, and told liiiu Adniivid Ilotham's orders and desirw 
to know if I should go ahead of him ? Admiral Goodall il« 
sired me to kee]) close to his stem. Tlie Illustrious an 
Courageux took their slutinns ahead of the Princess Roya 
the Britannia placed herself astenx of me, and Tancre< 
lay on tlie Britannia's Ice quarter. At eight a.m., th 
Enemy's Fleet began ii) pass our line to windward, an 
the (j'a Ira and Lc Censeur were on our lee side j tlten 
fore tlie llhistrinus, Courageux, Princess Royal, and Agl 
memnon were obliged to fight on both sides of the Ship. Th 
Enemy's Fleet kcjit the southerly wind, which enabled thej 
to keep their distance, which was very great. From eight i 
ten, engaging f»ii both sides. About thrt'e-<|uarters past eigh 
the lUustiiou.s lost her main an<l niizeji nia-sls. At a quaiU 
past nine, the Courageux lost her main and mizcn masts, i 
twenty-five minutes ]nist nine, the C,'a Ira lost all her mast 
and fired > ery little. At tun, 1 a* Censeur lost her main-niast. A 
five minutes past ten they both stnxck. Sent Lieutenant Geon 
Andrews* to board them, who hoisted English colours, an 
carried the Captains, by order of Admiral Holham, on boai 
of the Princess Royal, to Admiral Goodall.* By computatiti 
the tj'a Ira is supposed to have about three hundred and fift 
killed and wounded on both days, and Le Censeur about ivi 
hundred and fifty killed and wounded, p'rom the lightness < 
the air of wind, the Enemy's Fleet ai\d our Fleet were a vei 
long lime in passing, and it was past one, r.M., before all firin 
ceased, at which time the Enemy crowded all possible sail i 

• Vido vol. i. p. 01. 

* .lM»ea 18 u Kilpiit Bit Adniirut Ilotliiiin itboiit tlic siiri'<>n>lt'r' of ihe T'k |rt« 
Lc t"en»eDr. tnd bis wliulo ncrnitiu of Uie FU-tfis nu ib«' 14lb of Afnrub, is rerv « 
Knlisftitlory. Ilr sci-iiw to buvf jiiilgrJ of ibe c(inJiii-l<if our SbipK by the n«lgiir« 
crroueuiis CHliiiifttt; uftbeir losses; ami be iloc?i uot t-vt-ji muuitou Ibp AgKtucmtu 

LCTTER^ ^^r 17 

1, OUT Fleet laying wilh llieir hcad^ to tlic south 

, «jf Killed and Wounded in o«r Fleet : 
lytkrce killed : two liundred and 


Its Railibone and Miles ; Masters, Wilson, and 
dUtuni, and Hawker, wounded.' 


m Rof al 


eeox . 

nt. . . 

ur Cafitle 

ID . • 

wnse . 




Lo DuqutJsne . 
La Victoirc 
Le GuerriiT 
Le Conquoraut 
Le Mercure 
Le Barras , . 
liC Tonnant 
Le Sans Calotte 
Lc Tiinok'on . 
Lc Geuercux . 
Le Heurenx 
Le Ceuseur 
L'Alcide . . 
Le Souverain . 
Le (^'a Ira . . 

10,000 Men. 


[Ffrtm Clarke and M'Arthur, vol. i. p. 200.] 

Agniiientnon at Sen, lOtli Murrli, 1705. 

Ilie just in Right of the French Fleet, and a stjjnal is nut 
general chase. Wo have hul little wind, and unfor- 

pOAcU B#tun). I>y Vic« Ailni'mU Hoilinm, gnve Hcvfnu-GTt' Lillfil, mid two 
Oil tiSlttf woaQ«M. 

"*'>~ - '-I "vrc, t.ipiiUrnatila IColHfrt IIon<»vinaii, of tbf St. OcorgP", 

• ■r <-'ii.-<il«>; and Afilex, of ilio Uedfonl : luid Mi-ssim. 
■ Mini'. ,,•,.,, ...n. •.^tini, ami John Wilnon, MuHlers of tli>< C'liptnhi, Coii- 
KgtamtuaoR. — ImhUhii OazctU. 



tunaiely ihe Enemy arc in-shorc of us ; however, I hope 
Admiral will allow lis to go on, atid if the French do not 
under llieir batteries, 1 trust we shall give a good acci 
them. Whatever may be my fate, I have no doubt in 
mind but that my conduct will be such, as will not 
blush on the face of my friends : the lives of all are in^ 
hands of Him, who knows best whether to preserve 
not; to His will do I resign myself. My character an< 
name are in my own keeping. Life mtli disgrace is 
A glorious death is to be envied ; and if anytliiug hap] 
me, recollect diat death is a debt we must all pay, and 
now, or a few years hence, can be but of Utile cou 
God bless you, and believe me ever your most fa; 
affectionate husband, 

UoRATio Nllsok. 


[AutognipL, in tlie )>o<i6esaion of Jokn Dillon, Esq. Tlkia letter wnn imU«a 
sight of the Frcucli Fleet. The Agaiucnmon belonged to Vice- Admiral 
Division, and woa next in snecesnion to hi* Flug-Ship, th« PrinoeM Dojril.] 

Agamemnon, Mu-cb 12tli, ItHA 
My dear Admiral, 
I most heartily congratulate you on our being go near 
Enemy's Fleet, and have only U) assure you that the Ag 
niemnon shall ever must faithfully .supjiort you. I wish 
had a hundred, or at least should have, iifty good men. Shou 
any of our Frigat^^s get near you, I hope you will order so: 
men for us, even should Adjuiral Holham forget us. Behc 
me ever, but never more than on tlic present occasion. 

Your most faithful 

HniuTio Nelson. 

* Vice-Admiral fioodnll left the Mcdileirttiiean towarde tlir- end of ihe 
I7W.1, being much hurt iliat, on Aduurol lliitbam's leaviuf; the Station, the < 
mand ww not eiirriKiled to him. He died an Admiral of the While, in IWlL 



rAntograjiii, iu the pcwatsaion of JoUa DilJun, Esq.] 

AgAmcmnon, Much 15Ut, I TOO. 

dear Adtmra], 

1 have »eni Officers aud men to get the powder out of the 

r, and you may be assured I will afford her all aasist- 

ny power, consistent >viUi the greater object of putting 

ion in good order again. We are rather short of 

>poiiDd» twentj'-fouT pound and nine-pound shot, not 

taitro than six hundred of each of the twu furmer, and 

few of the latter. If Illustrious or Courageux could spare 

eighteen-pound shot, it would be useful ; but unless 

Ships, or Diadem,' can give us twenty-four pound 

, none are to be hail in thia coiwtry. I have sent a list of 

nded men, some of whom are vcn.- bad, dislinguidiing 

'ircpc wounded on the ISth, and which on the 14tli; 

I ov defects. 

\ hope you are quite well. The Enemy are fled and we are 
Innnring after iliem : their orders, from what I hear, were to 
the English Fleet if they chose to fight, and then to 
and retake Corsica. Tlie C,'a Ira has the carriages 
■ the battering cannon on board : ten tliousand men are em- 
00 board the Transports at Toulon. 

wc shall get rid of these Prizes and Lame Ducks tJiJs 
kd get to ilie westward to secure our Convoy, wliich 
f, nuiwitltstanding our victory, be in great danger. 
Believe me, ever your most faithfid, 

Horatio Nelson. 

[Frt>t& CUrke aud M'ArtLur, vol. i. p. 203.] 

Mnrch 15th, lior,, 

^.Oa r Fleet clo«ed with f^'a Ira and Censeur, who defended 
Itcs in the most gallant manner ; the former lost 400, 
330 men ; the resi of the Enemy's Ships behaved 
ill. Martini, the Admiral, and St. Michael, the Commis- 

' ' lliiat, Ci, C«puin Tvl«r, nftcnrarda Adiuinl Btr Charles Tyler, O.C.B. Vide 




sioucr, were on board a Frigate. Tlic orders of ibe Ft 
were, to defeat us, and to retake Corsica : I believe thej 
in no respect obey their orders. Every Ship fired red-hotj 
but we now know, from experience, they are useless on 
Ship. Fi-ederick beha\ed exceedingly well, as did Mo 
uiery in the Courageux, and Reeve in the Captain ; 
must not forget Goodall, who is as gallant an Oflicer as\ 
lived. Tliese Ships being the van, had more than their 
of the Action. Every Officer, I am sure, would have 
haj»py, had the Enemy given them equal opportunities. 
French bore away towards Toulon in the altemoon, 

now out of sight. I am, &c. 

HoiL\Tio Nei 


[.\iiiogTA]tIi, ill the Locker Papers.] 

Agnmemuon, Porto Especiit, Muvh 21at. If 

My dear Friend, 

You will have heard of our brush widi the French 
a Battle it cannot be called, as the Enemy would not 
an opporliuiity of chising with them ; if they had, I ha* 
doubt, from llie zeal and gidlantrj- endeavoured to be 
by each individual Captain, one excepted, but we should! 
obtained a most glorious cuiinupst. Admiral Ilotham llG 
much to contend with, a Fleet lialf manned, and in every re 
inferior to the Enemy ;' Italy calling him to her defence 

* Jmies gircs the annexod TaUe of tbe ConixinitiTe Force of tbe two 
tlie IQtti, I3rli, Mid mil of MiircU; but b« do4>s uot iiiclnde tlie troops < 
iu tbe I-Velich Sbifis. 


SbilM . , 

lli'OiuLsiilr (iiinit 

frewn . . 
Siix - . . 

. ... No. 


• • I lb«. 

. . Agg. No. 





Mntcb. ^H 






l->7 1 1 











LETT H us. 


fcdrctl King<luiu' calling niiglil ami main, otir rcin- 
imts and Convoy hourly expected ; and tJl to be duqc 
, Viy any means adequate to it. The French 

b for eertain conquest; their orders were positive 

out our Fleet, and to destroy lis, of which they liad 

if we presiimcd to come to Action witli theiu ; then, 

. were to have been landed, and Corsica retiUieu : 

I, thank God, all is reversed. 1 firmly believe they 

|*ould have foiir^lit us, liad not the Qa. Ira lost her top- 

i«»hieh emiblftl the Agamemnon ajid Inconstant to close 

> her, and bo cut her up that she could not get a top- 

tup during the night, which caused our little bmsh the 

tilav. Provideijce, in a most miraculous manner, preserv- 

Ijr iK>OT brave fellow.s, who worked the Ship in nianiruvring 

.Ma tslem and <iuarters, with as much exactness as if she 

[been working into Spithcad. The Action never ceasing 

of two hours, one hundred and ten of tlic Enemy 

ikiQed and wounded on that day, and only seven of ours 

led. Agamemnon had only tliree lmn<lrcd and forty- 

I St quarters, myself included. 1 am ilattered by receiring 

p|irubaiion of my own Fleet, as well as tlic luindsomest 

ly by our Enemies. The Sans Culotte at last bore 

rhen tlie A<Imiral called me off. A gale of wind came 

' .iftcr the Action, which forced us in here, and most 

It the IllustJ'ious on shore, where she lays in great 

Our Fleet, except Courageux and Illustrious, is jicr- 

refittcd, and ready for sea ; we sail to-morrow for Leg- 

ili< jf>in Hlenheim,* and Bombay Castle,' when the Admiral 

1 immediately put to sea, to see if we can frnd any of these 

fellows ; for some went off towed by Frigates, and 

tthotit bowsprits. The Sans Culott*.- is in Genoa, others 

lb Vado Bay. 1 tliink we ait? quite up again in these seas, 

had wc only a breeze, I have no doubt but we should 

given a destniclive blow to tlio Enemy's Fleet : however, 

• itny mdl. I beg my best and kindest remembrances to 

• Corxicn. 
rintdey : Ik* ilieil a Flnpf-offlfer. 
I CLnrles CliaiiilK-rlnyur : lie wn<i wtAv * 
llfetf*^ Ml«;«uig, luiil ilirtl lui Atlinintl of tli« Blur in l^<1ii> 


all your fkinily. 



Josiali is a fine voung man, and a 

Believe me ever 

Your most faithful friend, 
Horatio Ni 

All the Enemy's SWps nre fitted with forges, and fire 
some guns constantly hot shot and sheUs, but they 
a&hamed of their orders, which are positive firom the Coorei 
and find nothing superior to the old mode of fighting. I 
[wish] some of tlieir own Ships wiU suffer by having 
furnace in their cockpit, which will end such a dial 
practice. If you see Admiral Lutwidge, or ever write . 
luill, rcmembor me to him, as also to Mr. Bradley. 


[From '• TUc Atitcweqin."] 

AgtmaaBon. Porto EsfvoU, Mnrch 22iid> 
My dear Sir, 

'riie event of our brush with the French Fleet you wiU 
long before tliis reaches you, and I know you will partid 
in tlie pleasure I must liave felt in being the great cause of 
success. Could I have beeu suppurtcd, I would ha\e ha 
C^'a Ira on tlie 13th, which might probably have increased ot 
success on the next day. The Enemy, notwiihstanding ihi 
red-hot shot and shells, must now he satisfied (or wc are i"Ja< 
to give them further proofs) that England yet reigns Mistre 
on the Seas ; and I verily believe our seamen have lost uoi 
of their courage ; and sure I am, that had the breeze continue 
so as to have allowed us to close with tlie Enemy, we shoii 
have destroyed tlicir whole Fleet. They came out to fight u 
and yet, when they found us, all their endeavoure were us< 
to avoid an Action. 

But accidents will happen to us as to others : a few da; 
after the action we met with a very heavy gale of wind, whi( 
has driven the Illustrious* ou shore ; but we have some £u 

• Tbe Illustrious, Ik, Captain Frr^icrick, InWng lost her tniiin anil mixrn 
iu the Action, was takrn iu tuxr bj the \U-lpagcr, oud fvparatod trum tb<i >1ret ii 
violent gale, on the night of tLe I'tb of March. The tow-rofie bT'ik«, aad 



i ahe may yet be saved. Our Piizes are almost refitted ; 

lo*inonx>w we s^ail for Corsica. I beg leave to trouble 

I with a letter for Mrs. Nelson, and have to beg you will 

! nj kindest remeiubrauces to Mrs. Suckling, Mis» Suck- 

I and all the family, not forgetting Mr. ilumsey and iaiuily. 

Believe me erer your most afiectiunate, 

II0EA.T10 Nelson. 


[Aatograpli, iu Uie Nelson Pupers,] 

Agtaiemnon, Pono Etpccia, March 25di, ITOft. 
My dear Brother, 
.\l(hougb you vNill have read as much of our late Action 
I the French Fleet as I can tell you, yet I know from expe- 
ibere is no pleasure equal to Uiat of hearing from our 
al a distance, tliercfore I take uj) the pen merely to say 
1 1 ant most perfectly well, as is Josiah, and tliat Agamem- 
DCD is ivs ready as ever to give the French another meeting ; 
lad I really believe the Convention will again force lliese 
people out to fight us. Sure it is that tlie Enemy hod no idea 
uf our meeting them on ihc seas, if it was possible to have got 
inki p.irt, and so certain were they of oiu vany con(juest, tJiat 
itt Hayor and all the MunicipaUty of Basda were on board 
I i» Sattft Calotte to resume their Stations at tliat jdace — not 
[Alt I am certain Corsic^i Is s;ife, if they luulortiike tlie Expe- 
dition villi proper spirit. Ilie Enemy's Fleet are anchored in 
HJrTc> Bay, where iu a week or ten days we shall be also. 

I^innne in this late affair has favoured me in a most extra- 
unliuary manner, by giving me an opportiuiity wliieli seldont 
(•ffera of being the only Linc-of-Battle Ship who got singly into 
Acdftn on the 13ih, when 1 had the honour of engaging the 
f,'* In., al»S4jlutely large enough to take Agamemnon in her 
boW. 1 never saw such a Ship before. That Being who has 

!(■ aluire in VaJenci> Dny. between Speiia nud Lpgborn, ou the 18tb, and it 

j fmfOmiUe to get ber ofl'i Wu net on ftrc ku<1 destroyed. Tins partioularei 

m tomd m the Xaval CUronicU, vol. xxxvU. p. ').'»'>. Captain Frederick and 

m (k» Ik iikumIj tried by a Court-mariiul for ilie loss of their Shipi 

( hoBouniblj' acquitted. 




ever in a most wondcrlUl niauncr protected me duriug tiM 
many dangers 1 Iiavc encountered this war, still sliieldingj 
me, and my bravo Ship's company. I cannot acc"! 
vvlial 1 saw ; wliole broadsides witliin half-pistol shot 
my little Ship, whilst ours was in tlie fullest eflfcct. Tlie French 
Captrtin has paid mo the highest compliments — much more 
flattering than those of u\y own Fleet, as ilic_v must have hwn 
true. Wc killed on board (,'a Ira on the 13ih, one hundml 
nnd ten, whilst only seven were slighdy wounded on hoaid 
Agamemnon. On the 14th, akhough one of the Van-8hips,aad 
in close Acdon on one side and distant Action on the other for 
upwards of three hours, yet our neighbours suffered most ex- 
ceedingly, whilst we comparatively suffered nodiing. We Lad 
only six men sliglitly wounded. Our sails were ribbons, and 
all our ropes were ends. Had our good Admiral have followed 
the blow, wc should probably have done more, but the risk ivas 
thought too great. If you sec Iloste's father in your travclsi 
1 beg you w ill say what a good young man — I love him dearly, 
and both liiui and Josiah arc as brave fellows as ever walkwL 
CertJiin it is Agamemnon has given experience to her crc«; 
five times my Ship has been engaged, three at sea, two tigainrf 
Hastia, three Actions in boats, and two Sieges, ought tu make 
us stand fire, but we are too far from home to be noticed. Oiff 
Actions are not known, beyond this comitry and our iniin<J' 
diate friends. Mow does Mrs. Nelson, my Aimt, and all oitf 
Swanijam friends .? Is Robert Rolfo married : ' Remeuibcl 
me kindly to all, not forgetting Charlotte* and my namesake* 
Beheve me ever 

Your most affectionate brother, 
UonATio Nelson. 

Blenheim and Bombay Castle joinedi 

St. Fioreu/.o, March 30ih. — Wc are got here, and ai'c fitting 
our Ships for sea, where we shall be in about one week. 

We arc all well. 

' His Coiutiii, llie present Rdv. RoLi;n RnUe, of Norwich, wliom, wlien mfulc A 
Perr, lie a|))K>inlO(l one of liin Clinpliiiila. 
" Mr. Nclmxi* lUiigliler, tlie present Lttdy Bridiiort. 
• His son, Horatio, afterwRrds Vi«iooaat TrafiUgnr. 



i'lulbt |>nsa«s.<«ivn or.loluiLusfpnl, Esq. Indorsed, "31 Mnrcli, 170'V] 

AgunemnoD, [torn.] 

' My dear Sir, 

re had a meeting yesterday to norniuatc Agents for our 

taken nn llic l4ih, und the majority urCa])(ains in tliis 

',}»ve tiominatAi'd tlie four Admirals' Secretaries und the 

si, only CajMaiii Foley' and myself adding you to the 

nnmber; but as tlie Captains and Admirals can only dis- 

of their o\m Agency, 1 still hupv you will be nominated 

ll)c Lieutenants' Class, and probably Warrant Officers. All 

Claxses in die Agamemnon are for in.scrting yc)ur name, 

Ifyou must know that the majority in each Cla.s.s have the 

of nomination. I consider myself .... [torn] 

both by you and 

tul, that . . . should have felt a . . . . not to 

remembered both on the ])re.sent occasion : to be sure, 

[amount witli six .Agents ^^ill not be much, but the compli- 

would have been the same ; but wc shall take more, and 

^pCjrou will be considered. You know what my dctermi- 

was respecting Agency long ago : and had I taken a 

»te or Man of War by myself, tlic Commander-in-Chief's 

ary, the Consid, and yourself, I intended to fix as 

att. 1 ha\ c thought it right to say thus much, that you 

not for a moment suppose uie ungrateful for your many 

88 to [for« o/f.] 


[From ClwVc and M'ArUinr, toI. i. p, 806.] 

Fiorcnzo, I»t April, 1705, 
am absolutely, my dearest Fanny, at this moment in the 
Drs, frjiring, from our idling here, that the active Enemy 
liJ' send out two or tlircc Sail of the Line, and some Frigates, 

[Wlhie St Omrgc, IW, aftirnanls Admiinl Sir Tboranf) Folry, G.C.D., wbo wm 
I Flag-CtpUui At Co]<enli«gcii. 


lo inlercepc oar Coiitot, vlndi is nonentazily expected 
tbart, I vish to be an Adminl, and in the command of 
S^l^ak Fleet; iifaoiild tot aoon cither do much, or ben 
Mj £i^MMiiBOii mnr^ bear tame and slow measures. Sun, 
am, had I c umaud ed oar Fleet on the 14tli, tliat either 
mbtM FieDch FlevI wnold hare graced my triouiph, or I 
bftre beeo in a coafonnded sctape. I went ou board A 
Hotham as soon as oar firing grew slack in the \'an, and 
^a Ira and Censear bad stnick, to propose to him leading 
two crippled Ships, the tvo Frizes, and four Frigates, 
themsdres, and to panne tbe Enemy ; but be, much c 
than myself, said, * We tatist be contented, we have 
Tcry veil/ Nov, had ve taken ten Sail, and had allowed 
eleventh to escape, vhen it had been possible to have got 
her, I could never have called it well done. Goodall b 
me ; I got him to write to the Admiral, but it would uot do: 
ve should have had such a day, as I believe the Aiinalsofj 
England never produced. I verily think if the Admiral can 
get hold of tliem once more, and he does but get us cloifrj 
enough, that wc shall have the whole Fleet. Nothing dSJ 
slop the courage of English seamen. 

I may venture to tell you, but as a secret, that I have a 
tress given to me, no less a Personage than tlic Goddess 
lona i so say the French verses made on me, and in tliem 
am so covered witli laurels, that you would hardly find Vif 

low face. At one period I am * the dear Nelson,' 
'amiable Nelson,' * the fieiy Nelson :' however uonsensi 
these expressions are, they are better than censure, and we 
all subject and open to flattery. Tlie French Admiral is lo 
tried, and some of the Captains arc under arrest : it is 
])orted tliat the Captain of the Sans Culotte has run awa; 
The Tnuloiicsc will not allow the French Fleet to enter their po] 
but make them remain in Hieres Baj', telling Uieni, ' To g( 
out and execute their former orders, or never to enter the porl 
of tlie Republic' They were very much alarmed in Corsic 
at the appearance of the Enemy's Fleet. So certain were ihi 

* "1 can, entrc now," HOid Sir Willinot iluuiiliixi. in u Li'itoi- to CapLiiu Kelao 
"pcrrcivp thai niv olil friciKl, l-luiljiiii), i* noi quite nniiki? enough for mii.'Ii » «-oi 
nuiii] M tlmi of the Dritlnh V\vv{ iu tht< Medjlvrnmeuu, tlUiou^ lie is the bi 
creaturo unKguiabk'."— ^ouM<-^'< L\fe qf Nelton. 



eh of defeating us, that the Mayor and all tlic Munici- 
ly of Bttstia were oii board the Sans Cidottc, to resume 

^'ours, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 


[Antogniplj, ia Uie Miato Papen,] 

Agftmemnon. St. Fioreuio, April 50i. 17D&. 
Mj dear Sir, 

jOur Worthy young man, Lieutenant George Andrews,' has 

ivtid letters from Jiis friend iu England, who recommended 

to Mr. Pelham, and was the cause of Mr. Pelham's recom- 

jdabdu of him to you, that Lord Spencer had been spoken 

and that it was probable he woidd be recommended to 

Bind Hotham, which, if it was to give him tlic first vacancy, 

It be well ; but if at this dme, to go youngest into the 

ptannia, llie pros|)t'ct of ])romotion is too distant oven for 

pe. Mr. .\ndrews is fearfid tliat Mr. Pelhanj, not knowing 

uir inabilitj- to serve him in this Country, shoidd suppose that 

had not merited yoiu- notice. He re<iuests, therefore, if, 

what you have heard of him, you think him wortliy of your 

rest, tliat yuu will write Mr. Polhani tliat it has been want 

[alilHty and not want of inclination. You know my opinion 

[Mr. Andrews too well to render it nocessar}- for rac to speak 

of his merits, but I nuist add, that if the conduct of the 

ion on the 1 3ih was by any means the cause of our 

on the 14th, tiiat lieutenant Andrews has a priiicipal 

iu Uic merit, for a more pro]ier ojvinion was never given 

fan Officer than the one he gave me on the 13ih, in a .situa- 

of great di^culty. 

Believe me, dear Sir, 
Your most faithful, humble servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

TUt ttiL i. p. 01, Sincr llie pnbliruinn of th<> Fint Voliirop, ito whirli tbia 
' *toW prwpCTJjr Mong,) it h*^ Jwjrii Haecniiiiicd iLftt iLe Miss Andrcwji to 
I SrlKin wax uiMcheA in ITHH, married, ftr»t, ■ clergymtin of iho niuue of 
'. mii ■ep«nJ, Colonel Winif , of ilio KiM India Conpiuiy's Stnier, and died 



saUKfied ; but I fuar my interest is not equal to get 
1 win never allow iljat any man whatever lias a 
[isapeTii >T to myself/' Wc have just got the thanks of the 
in* PaiUauient and \ict'rov, for our gallant and good 
:t ou ihc 13th and 1 4th day of Maich, which they say, 
Illy, lias saved them from an invasion. The Mceroy'.s 
letter to me has a very Mattering compliment, that 
I but be ])lea.sing to you : ' 1 certainly consider the bnsi- 
Ihe ISili of March as a very capital feature uii the late 
contest with the French Fleet ; and the part which 
^gauieninoQ had in it must be felt by every one to be one 
istances that gave lustre to this event, and rendered 
; useful, but peculiarly honourable to tlic British 
1 need not assure you of tlio pleasure with which I 
ly see your namie foremost in everjtLing that is credit- 
serviceable; nor of ray sincere regard ;uid affection.' 
far, all hands agree in giving me those praises,* which 
lot but be comfortable to me to the last moment of my 
The time of my being left out here by Lord Iluod, I may 
[well spent ; had I been absent, how morliticd should I 
e. AVTiat has ha]>pcned may never happen to any one 
that only one Shiji of the Line tjut of fuuitet'n, should 
ito Action widi the French Fleet, and i'ur so long a time 
hours and a half, and with such a Ship as the t^'a Ira. 
been supported, I should certainly have brought tlic 

I Sckon WW iLrn wilLiii fboljr-Bix of tlit< tr>p uf the liitt of PoRt Captnina, 
' «aBip«i«» biR ovu nenicea willi thoae ofllie Captuius wbo stood above 

b *^4ik, 17110, " All lii« Mnjvitty's fuitlifiil ^iilijectH hi liiJH Kiugdum 

:i (liix MOi'WHxftil ocriM^itin, llie i>owerfiil luiiuifiopncf of lla' Kiitjt, and 

m m Miiuilur ilcgrrti ^uiLtilile of the Higini) iiicrit-s of the Vior-AiUriinil. 

lUm Thanks uf the IJuiibC, &c. Sj^iicil, Uiiitfrri, I'rrfiJrut. Miis^clli, 

r/tf uml M\4rlliiir, 

iwltiehart' aluavs ilcoresl tii a sou's heart — tltose of his father — 

fti to him til a leltcr A-oui Balh, ou t)ir Olh of Miiy, ilM — " 1 cnii ixiw, 

ti«, aJilrrBw j-ou it> tite lanj^iin^^e of our iJnivorsily, Betw tt opliml 

\ I do moiit hfoftily n-juice at your acqiiUitiuii of h fieali, uevi-r-ladiiig 

ned In a con»riousncs« of ha\tug dischrtrged l)i»' duties of your station, 

S(iaa* Ki-rwi' of tliiU urt^r-rulitip I'rovidencc who ninkf ih lUI lliiiit^s Hurk 

tu tlime «hu lute lliiii. It is Hitid vitli conOdcucc, lliul Lord 

' to U»c Mcdit4.'iTftii('itn : liaTing rt-in-hed St. Ilrlcn'^, he \» ri-tiirnfd 

bi Ihv tieim of the day. (J ihI hle^^ you ! FiurwiOt."— t'/trfX'c 



&ms Cnlottea to battle, a moBt glorious prospect, A 
man runs no more risk than a coward, and AgamenmoQ 
miracle has sufl'ered scarcely anything : Uireo or four j 
wounded are dead, the others are in a fair way of dob 
Wo have got accounts of the French Fleet, the 
landed, and their Expedition is given up ; the Slu| 
ftuflered much, many at this time are shifting their 
Fleet was never in better order. My kindest rei 
to my father. 

Yours, &c. 

Horatio Ni 


[Antograpb, ia the Minto Fapen.] 

AguaemDuti, April lOUi, IT 
Dear Sir, 

From tlic present prospect of afiairs, it is not impossible! 

an attack may be made on this Island ; and sliould Ad 

Hotliara judge it most advisable to remain at anchor to 

in tlie defence of it, I beg leave, should no otlier person] 

judged more proper, to offer myself for the command of i 

seamen as might be judged proper to be lauded. Believe 

dear Sir, ever, but never more than in a time like the pres( 

Yours most faithfully, 

Horatio Neuo; 

Ris Exoellency tbe Viceroj. 

[From Ckrlw and M'ArUiiu-, vol. i. p. 207.] 

St. FioKiuo, lOlli Apnl, 1* 


The arrival of a reinforcement from Brest, at Toulon, of ^ 
Sail of the Line, two Frigates, and two Cutters/ has, for 
present moment, rather altered the complexion of aflaii 

• Under Retf-Ailimnl Bfindndin: lUey uriTed a( Tonlon on tli« 4ih of Ai 


Contrary winds have kept us here, and crery moim'nt vfm 
pect the Enemy's Fleet to heave in sight. We ai' 
English Sail of tlic Line, and two Neapolitan sevi i 
one of which joined this morning; and, I ain sorr)-t' 
matter of exultation to au English Hect: the Courageux u 
yet ready to join us. 

I Ijope, and helieve, if we only get three Sail from ! 
tliat we shall prevent this Fleet of the Enemy from 
further service in the MediteiTanean, nottv itbstaudiug the 
liot shot and combustibles, of which they have had a fair 
and found them useless. Tlicy believed that we si; 
ihem no quarter; and it was wiili some difficulty we 1j— : 
combustibles, which are ti.xed in a skeleton like a carctssj 
they turn into a liquid, and water will not extinguish it. 
say tlie Convention sent diem from Pmis, but that thej 
not use any of them, only hot shot. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nei 


[.\utogn4>h, ill llic Nelson Papers.] 

Aguurmnon, at Set, April 24th, V 
My dear Failier, 

I received your letter of March '20di, several days 

llierefore I hope the channel of communication is again o|ieo 

and thai you will more frequently hear of us than of late 

We are proceeding to look out for Lord Hood, fur alUiough 

have doubts that the Enemy, superior as they are, could mak 

any impression ujjou an llnglish Ileet of our numbers, how 

ever, all must wish to have diat force as almost to make a vie 

tory on our Mde certain. What the new Lords of the Adini 

rally are after, to allow such a reinforcement to get out her< 

suqirises us all. Lord Chadiam did better than this sleepinj 

N<Jthing this war has ever been half so badly managed a* w 

find tlie new Admiralty. As I writ*? you, and die signal i 

just thrown out for a Sliip to go to Leghorn, 1 .«chall not writ 

Mrs. Nelson this day. After tliis campaign we must hav 

peace at all c\ ents : next autumn shall carry me to Englant 




mr brother tvill like liis purchase, and that it wilJ be 

mutual beactit of all parties concerned. We are in 

|of news, and anxious to hear of Lord Hood's sailiug from 

Remember me with the sincerest affectiou to my 

[wife, and say Josinh is very well, and a very good boy. 

Mather,* Lead, &c., arc all well. Believe me^ 

Ever your most dutiful son, 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From " TLp Alheawiim."] 

Agrawawon, u Set, April ^tli, ITOd. 
Iff dear Sir, 

signal is just made, signif^nng tliat a Frigate will be sent 
jhoru tliLs aAcmoon ; therefore, I cannot allow her to 
u» without wriluig you a line to say we are yet in being, 
I not iw allowed up by the French. 

put to sea, not only as being more honourable, but 

juch safer, than skulking in Port ; nor do 1 thmk ihat 

Fleet would be a very easy conquest ; but our zeal 

not iu ilie least justify tlie gross neglect of the new Ad- 

hy Board. Lord Chatham was perhaps bad : in tliis 

we find, from woiiil experience, that this is ten times 

. Our Merchants are ruined for want of Convoy, which 

never been in oiu- power to grant them. Had not our 

Action proved more distressing to the Enemy than the 

\ty had any right to suppose, we shoidd before tliis 

have been driven out of the Mediterranean. Every 

1 expect to see the Enemy's Fleet; for they must be 

lly managed as ourselves, if they do not embrace the 

It favourable moment for any enteq)rise they may have 

heads. We hope soon to see Lord Hood, or some 

reinforcement : the junction of a single Neapolitan Ship 

Line has tlus morning been to the English Fleet abso- 

nnUer for exidtsilion — so much neglected and forgotten 

\lj WlUiftm Mather, «rbo wu ina*l« a Lieuteiuul ia 1709, anil «li<i<l a 



yet tbe six Ships of the Enemy left BreKt last 

pt'tikk tbe Grand Fleet, and have been arrived six 

fo-ulcm liarlioiir ; and but fortunately we so much 

& uiastB of tlie Enemy in tliu Action, we should liavc 

ere in a very inferior state. The King of Naples 

I one more Seventy-four, and the Courageux will be 

a-inorrow, or we should only ha\e fourteen Sail of 

tt twenty, now we shall be sixteen — fourteen English, 

Dlitans. But if, as reported by the French Minister 

1 that tlie preliminaries of |)eace are actually signed 

in,* we ahall of coutrc lose our Naples friends, which 

llir present state, be a ver)' heavy stroke upon us ; for 

iaXat at Naples tells us, ' as do Spain, so do Naples.' 

of the day say, that the French Heet sailed on the 

t«y from Toulon, eighteen or twenty Sail of the Line ; 

bear wore, if it is true, in twenty-four hours : if only 

ler, I have no doubts but we sliall obtain a complete 

i if Uie latter, we cannot expect it ; and what is worse, 

'nihout a complete iictor>- is destruction to us, for we 

anotVier mast tliis side Gibraltar: but Providence 

ottlcT all for the best. We are likely to get an 

^ «>f pna<iner8 ; and Vessels are ready to sail from 

^'^h English, who are to be exchanged at this place; 

Certainly from here on Friday Uie Bth, even sliould 

■<^h Heel be still in port, and are to proceed to the 

"' look for Lord Hood, or some reinforcements. 

('ntjcTn your iM)n John having wrote roe a letter ; I am 

lave received it. Pray remember me kinilly to 

L. . ■■"i«ith the rest of the family. Admiral Hotham is 

¥f\ I . / ^dwvc heartily tired of his temporary connuand ; 

,, '' is intended by nature for a Commander-in- 

'/n/rcfi n man of more active turn of mind. 

^^t'K"/?^'"»d, Ciod knows ! I have in the present 

^^^ f/t^t<.'rtniuc(\ on staying here till the autumn, 

, /cos place, when all acti\o service will jjro- 

'.i«?«<5 seas. Remember me to our Naval 




inquire after me, I tiatter my sell', if 

'■* franco luiil 8paiu wm «igntd nt, BrnsMln on ilie 

D a 




h, aiid two Nca]Hilitans, is our force. We arc waiiiiig 

:nt\y for more authentic accounts, which twenty-four 

certaln]y give us. 

can the new Board of .Admiralty be after ? Hotham 

much displea!»e(l with thcni, and certainly with reason. 

Ships left Brest in December last with the French Grand 

had the Fleet at Toulon only waited for this reinforce- 

%)iat a state we should have been in I at tliis time most 

ly hare lost Corsica, and the French would certainly 

been at Rome, and our Fleet retired in disgrace. Pro\i- 

has ordered it otherwise, and e\'ery scheme of the 

IT has hitherto been defeated in this Country ; and I hope 

rundnuc so, for it cannot be verj- long before Lord Hood 


be Enemy haxe a great many small Privateers at sea, and 
f our Merchant- ships are taken: one from Zante to 
has just been brought in by a row-boat Privateer, and, 
westward, great numbers are carried into Marseilles and 
We are just on the eve of an exchange of prisoners ; 
Ve«9e]», full of Englbh, being ready U) sail from Toulon 
place, where the exchange is to be made : they will bo 
gnat use to our weak Fleet. The French Minister at 
ha* given out that the preliminaries of peace widi Spain 
ttgned — if so, I sujipose it is the same with Naples, and 
•f •haD lose our two Sail of die Line, which will be a heavy 
tfnke upon us at tlie present m<nncnt. 

Phnr rrmeinber nic kindly to Mrs. Suckling, Miss Suckling, 
■Dii fimiily, al«o at Hampstead ; and believe me ever 
Your most aflectionate and obliged 

Horatio Nelson. 
1 bare sot written to Mrs. Nelson by this post. 


My dear Sir, 
Vwf be so food as lo aend the enclosed to Mr. Williams : 



it is jusl to say that 1 expect liis son* here ever}- day i^ 
Cartel from Toulon, to be exchanged for tlie people take 
our IMzcs. We expect tlie French Fleet to be at sea 

1 am, dear Sir, &c. 

IIoBATio Nbi 
If any of my old friends in the Office recollect me, 
remember me to tliem. 

[AmogTtpb, in tUe possession of Williom UpcoU, Esq. Vide p. P, «nle.' 

Aifiuuenuiou, Legborn, Maj Stk, 17 

Dear Sir, 

The last time I was here, the neutrality of Tuscany 
but just settled, I could not send to your son the £20, 
you desired, and which 1 should, liad it been possible, 
had the gi'eatcst satisfaction in seuding ; and at Uiis time 
Cartels arc expected from Toxdon [widi] sick prisoi 
amongst whom I hope, and have little doubt, is yoiu: son* 
therefore have not seat the money, but have desired Mr. U( 
the Consul, to advance him £20 immediately on his arrival,! 
get him those things which he must want ; and assure you ( 
shall, with his other friends, be very glad to see liim. 1 
that this account of your sou will be acceptable. 

1 am, dear Sir, &c. 

IIoRATio Nelson. 

t beg my compliments to Mr. Prestwood. 

[Auto^^apli, in the poasessiou of Joltu Luxfonl, Esq^.j 

May 22ai, 17 
Dear Pollai'd, 

I should have liked to have heard by La Fleclie, who j< 
yesterday, that you were quite recovered, but I hope youl 

• Vjde p. 0, KDtc. 

* Lfl Fli^clic, 11, CHptain Gore, ofterwBrOa Vioe-Adnund Sir John Gore, K.C 



waidng off Miuorquc, doing nothing, waiting for Lord 

and with continued foul winds for bis Lordship, from 

IT of our sailing from Leghorn : tlie moment he arrives we 

[be off for Toiilon, and only have to hope we shall fall in 

|ibe Euemy^s Fleet before tbey do any harm, for I must 

re they are at sea. We chase nothing, although we see 

Vessels who may be French for aught we can tell. Pray 

I the eoclosed and let me hear from you, and if possible 

\ me a newspaper. 

Believe me ever your obliged 

HoiuTio Nelson, 


[Fram Cluke and M'Anhor, toI. L p. 210.] 

Off MiDorc*, 2»tl» May, [to June 16lh,] 1798. 

we liave no accoimts of Lord Hood's having actually 

tm St. Helen's : and what they can mcau by sending 

I only five Sail of the Line, is truly astonishing ; but 

are alike, and we in this Country do not find any 

jdment, or alteration, from the old Board of Adnoiralty. 

should know that half the Ships in this Fleet require to 

[to England, and that long ago they ought to have reiu- 

nd us. At this moment our operations are at a stand, for 

lit of Ship-s to support the Ausirians in getting possession of 

Sea-coast of the King of Sardinia ; and behold, our 

does not feel hunself equal to shew himself, nuich less 

»e assistance in tlieir operations. 

7th. — We have been off here verj' nearly u month, ex- 
cling first Lord Hood, then Admiral Dickson. We have 
much by Lord Hood's going to England, and much 
e, probably, by his not returning. 

uc I5ih. — Yesterday, Admiral Man^ joined us, witli a 
in from England. Lord Hood enclosed me a copy of 
from Lord Spencer about me, acknowledging my pre- 

ItAen Mku, Rnt Adsunkl or the Blup, whose Fla(; kaa Hying ia the Coid- 
li, CapMin fitinholomew Stmuel £owley. Xlie S^uadxoB coaauted of 



tensions to favour and distinctiou, when proper opportiii 
offer. This letter was written before the account of our At 
had arrived ; tliat may throw an additional weight into the 
for me. However, I hope to save my pay, which, with n 
addition, will buy us a ver\- small cottage, where 1 shall 
happy as in a house as large as Holkham. 

Yoius, &c. 

Horatio Nei 

[Autograph, in tli« poairessiou of JoLn Lnsford, Esq.] 

May 20Ul, 1! 

Dear Pollard, 
Pray be so good as to forward the enclosed for mo. I 
cerely hope you are quite recovered. I hear from a 
the Fleet, who johied the Fleet by La Fleche, that in the; 
Office are h ing throe letters for me ; be so kind as to in^ 
[and get] hoklof them. The Argo* joined yesterday, bat; 
of U.S, except the Admiral, has any communication with 
tliereforc we are ignorant if she has any letters for us. I 

you by La Fleche. 

Believe me, ever yours tndy, 

Horatio Nelsox. 

If any opportunity offers, you will be so good as to order] 
me some green almonds, and whatever else will keep : all willj 
be acceptable. 

[From "TLe AtheiiBum."] 

June 7t}i, off Port Ma 
My dear Sir, 
I have really not a moment to say, ' pray send the endc 
to Mrs. Nelson, as probably she ha.s left Bath.' No reinfa 
raents, nor do wc hear of any arriving, yet in the Met 

• The Argo, -14, Capiain RicUurd RuDilcU Burge««, who W(u alaiu in c« 
of ihx Ardent, at Camperdowii. 



'Vhe Frencli have not yet sailed from I'oulon, but all 
— tweuly-OTie Sail of the Line, thirteen Frigates. Txv\y 
»m I that Ijortl Hood does not eonimiuid ns : he is a 
iccT ; and were he here, we should not now be skullt- 
itli kiudest remembrances, believe me 

Your aflectionate 

Horatio Nelson. 

[^AatagrB|ih driuigkt, in Ui« Nelnon Piqiers.] 

8Ui .June, 1703. 

1 liave been in wailing for Lord Hood's arrival in these seas, 
||Mhu Lordship mi^ht have sujiported m}' ajiplication for an 
jftmrance, which I believe, from my great length of ser\icc on 
will be considered as just. 
landed on tlie 4ih of April, [1794,] to command tlie 
assisting in the reduction of Bastia, and remained in 
Command till every cannon and store was crabarkcd for 
■iegeofCalvi, which was the 6th of June, [1794.] Between 
day and the lOih, I went in tlie Command of my Ship 
Lord Hood in search of the French Squadron then at sea, 
b got into Gonijean Bay, when Lord Hood sent mc to 
otx the expedition in concert with General Stuart against 
I embarked the Troops &c. from Bastia, and landed 
them and a number of seamen under my Command on 
lOtli of .lime, and served on shore until the surrender of 
place ; and on the I2dj of August, I embarked by order of 
Hix»d with tlie seamen, and sailed from Calvi so soon as 
, in obedience to my orders from liis Lordship, embarked 
garrison for Toulon. I trust I do not ask an improper 
when I request that the same allowance may be made to 
ae t» would be made to a laud Officer of my rank, which, 
KtBated as I was, woidd have been that of a Brigadier General, 
oraty addiuonal expenses paid me. 

• TUc trinforcemenl Bnived on tlie J4tli of .Tune. Vide p. 30, ante. 




I have stated my case, Sir, plainly, and leave it xo 
wisdom to act in it as is proper.' 

I am, Sir, &c. 
Horatio N. 

[Tbe followiog purAgrnpb also occurs uu tlte some draagkt, bat it k iiui i 
lliAt it fonned port of Uie letter iUclf : — ] 

Tliis is my case, which I have stated plainly, and have 
to request lliat the saaic allowance may be made to u\e as 
have been to a I^nd Officer of equal rank, which I ol 
stand is tliat of Brigadier General, the same as Sir 
Curtis had at Gibraltar. 


[Autograph, in »l»e Nelson Papers.] 

.time 8tli, 1709, off the Idtad of 
My dear Brother, 
We have been cruising off here for a long month, every i 
ment in expectation of reinforcements from England, 
hopes aie now entirely dwindled away, and 1 give up all ci- 
pectation : tlien comes accounts of Lord Hood's resignatiaoJ 
Oh, miserable Board of Admiralty ! They have forced A 
first Officer in our Semce away from his command. H 
late Board may have lost a few Merchant- vessels by the! 
neglect : this Board has riske<l a whole Fleet of Men-of-Wil 
Great good fortune ha& liithei'to saved us, what none in tltt 
Fleet could have expected for so long a time. Near tm 
months we have been skulkiug frum them. Had they not go 
so much cut up ou the I4ih of March, Corsica, Rome, aui 
Naples would, at this moment, ha> e been in their possession 
and may yet, if these people^ do not make haste to help us. 
am out of spirits, although never better in healtli. Wit 
kindest regards to Mrs. Nelson and my Aunt, believi 

Yoiu: most afl'ectionate brother, 

Horatio NelsonT 

' He wiu informed hj Mr. Windlinm, on ilir 'ilM of JuJj, 1795, in replr to 
letter, " Tlitd no pay lias ever been iasiieil nuder ihc dixectiou, or to the knuwled^ i 
this Offlcp, to ()lBei;rs of the Nav) scnlng wiib tUe Amay on shore.'" — Onytnui, . 
the Nchou Papers. 

* Vide p. -J^, ouie. ' The Admiralty. 




[ Aotogropb, in the posieesion of Josiali Frettcb, Esq.] 

JuneStb, irOft. 

I>ear Pollard, 
BO good as to send the inclosed as directed, aiid you 
ly forty zcchins on the Ist of July> as by my order sent 
; but before that I hope we shall have defeated the 
r*« Fleet, and I shall be at Ijeghoni. 

Believe me ever your obliged 

Horatio Nelson. 


[Autogrftpli, to the Looker Ftpen.] 

Off Minorca, Juiie IStii, 170fi. 

My dt-ar Friend, 

|] received your kind letter of April 15, on the 14th of Juno, 

beu Admiral Man joined, and my friend Williams yesterday, 

a book, by Mr. Summers,* who I sliall be glad to be 

itivc to. Great changes have taken j)lace in this Fleet, 

more are on the eve of taking place, as the Admiral 

a messenger every day, M-ith the accoimt of the promo- 

of Kcveral Captains here : perhaps die Admiralty- may 

sion me for some Ship here ; if so, pro'»ided they give 

Marines, 1 shall feel myself bound t<j take her, much 

1 1 oJyect lo serving another winter campaign without a little 

We are now waiting for the Convoy's arrival from 

Khreltar, and as tlie winds hang easterly, they may be some 

ae before they arrive. The French say they will tight us 

ain, provided wc arc not more than two or three Ships supe- 

•; I can hardly believe they are such fools : pray God they 

AH is squabbles at Toulon, one i>nrty in possession of 

great Fort, Le Malgue, tlie Jacobins uf the Arsenal and 

The Fleet came to sea for two days, but are gone back, 

joiued the Jacobins ; the Austrians and Piedmontese are 

* Hi. Jtmt» Sonmeni who wu mode a Licntennnt in the foliowiag jtu. 




waiting onlj for our getting to the eastward to take Vado Baj. 
which will be a fine anchorage for u». We hare our wants UM 
our wishes in tlie Fleet ; but, upon the whole, I believe we arc 
much more comfortable than the Home l-leet, and our peojda 
veiy healthy ; the scuny not known ; we eat very little sift 
meat. From the little I hare seen of Mr. ChamockV book, I 
think it a good tiling. It will perpetuate the name of manyi 
brave Officer whose services would be forgot. I intend to seal 
[by] ilie Argo, or one of the Ships of the Convoy, y 
quarter-cask of sherr^-, but how it is to be got from Portsmouill 
to Greenwich is the greatest difficulty. I shall keep this IciW 
open till I hear of a Vessel going to Leghorn ; but our A 
gives us but verj* little notice. 

Jtuie IDth. — Mr. Summers is recommended by Lord 
to Admiral Hothani, and HoUoway has put your good 
for the young man against his name ; and he will ce 
very soon made a Lieutenant. 

June 20th. — A Vessel going to Leghorn, no Convoy in 
With kindest remembrance to your family, aud Mr. B 
believe me ever your 

Most obliged, affecUonale 

Horatio NelsoI 

Uotham desires his compliments. 

[From " Tlic AUieii«niB."] 

Off MluorcA, June SOtli. K 
My dear Sir, 
I am almost afraid that, by the new regulations of 
may be wrong to send you an enclosure : if so, will you 
the goodness to tell me r Our reinforcements of Men-of- 
joined us on the 1 4th; but we are now awaiting the Cor 
which, as the wind is fair, may be every hour expected. 

• "Diugni|i)iin Niiv«li», or, Impartinl Memr>irs of the Lms aod CI 
Offlrers of the Savy of Greftt BriUin, from Uje yew WtlO lo tbe pr«8eiit 
.lolin Cliiiruook, Ksq." Six \oIqjbc» 8vo. The flr«l voliimo of liic " Bingrnpbij 
NaTolin" was |iubl»licd in 1791 ; the Bcrouil, in 171)0 ; lUo tliird, fourtli, aud . 
In 1797; ■•«' "-iiiitlli, in 179P. 



tEuemy will come out, although we have got our rein- 
: if so, I do not think they vnll all go back again — 
id us a good and speedy meeting ! 1 have some 
to expect I shall have the Marines, or my Flag. If 
re n»e the Last, T shall be half ruined : unless I am im - 
ely employed in this Country-, I should, by the tiu^e I 
iu England, be a loser, several hundred of pounds out 
tket. The former would be verj- pleasant, as it would 
jj^ne additional pay, and not take mc from actual service, 
^^ would distress me much, more especially as I ahnost 
Hrt these people will be mad enough to come out ; for I 
Pnothing could give me more pleasure than a good dnib- 
ibg to them ; and, in Agamemnon, we are so used to service, 
hit there is not a man in the Ship but what wishes to meet 
How is Mr. Riunsey ? Remember me kindly to him ; tlie 
^orer, I shall have great pleasiue in taking him by the 
My best wishes attend Mrs. Suckling, Miss Suckling, 
every part of your family, and believe me ever 
Yoiur most affectionate nephew, 

HoKATio Nelson. 

[ Aall > y|» h, in tbe pouemion of Cajitoio Sir Williani Iloiite, Burt.] 

Agiuitemuon, off Minorca, June 2^Dd, 1799. 
ify dear Sir, 

Jiough your good son writer tlic day of receiving a letter 

I yoti, yet 1 will not let the opportunity slip of sending a 

tluuik you for your news. The changes and politics 

[iniitters and men are so various, that I am brouglit to 

re all ai'C alike ; the loaves and fishes arc all the look out. 

[in* and outs are the same, let fliem change places. The 

ordinary circumi^tance of tho Prince of Wales's debts is 

, more lamentable : Ids best friends must be hurt, and the 

are, as far as I hear, as much in debt as people will 

llthem. Tliey are of an age to know better, and if they 

lot pracdso what they know, they ought to be punished, 

ting tliem feel that want they are making others so 



severely partake of. However, I trust if this debt is 
more paid, that he ^vil] be acquainted by the Nation they 
pay no more for liim. AMiat a figure would tlio Du] 
Clarence have made had he seiTcd, out of debt and bell 
by the natiou; in short, oiu- jirofession, in tear, is so pof 
that he might ha\ e done what he pleased. 

We have just got accounts that the French Fleet is 
twenty -two Sail of the I»ine, Sir Sydney Smith did not] 
them all* — Lord Hood mistook the man: there is an^ 
song, Great talkers do the least, we see. Admiral Ho 
is waiting here witli twenty English and two Neaj 
Ships of the Line, for our invaluable Convoy of S^ 
Provisions, and Troops from Gibraltar. I hope the El 
will not pass us tn tlic westward, and take hold of 
This Fleet must regret the loss of Lord Hood, the i 
Officer, take him altogether, that England has to 
Lord Howe certainly is a gi-eat Officer in the raanageme 
a Fleet, but that is all. Lord Hood is equally great ii 
situations which an Admiral can l>e placed in. Our pi 
Admiral is a. worthy, good man, but not by any means C( 
cither Lord Hood or Lord Howe. Fame says I am to 
my Flag or the Marines ; 1 hope the latter. The former ' 
most likely throw uie out of service, which I should very 
regret: I long for ttne more good Action with this Fleet, i 
then peace. I beg my best respects to Mrs. Iloste, and 
to Mr. and Mrs. Coke :' 1 hope a sou will come fortli. 
1 am, dear Sir, 

Your very failhfid ser^•ant, 
HoiuTio Nbi 


[AutognpL, in Uie NcIsod rnpera.j 

Agunumtou, off Minorcn, June !22n4, 11 
My dear Brother, 
I have tlvis moment received your letter of May 13th, j 

* At Touloo, ill 1703. 8ir Siduey SmiUi'i exali«d opiuJoii of bis own 
(however justified by hi« undoubted ^«lliintr)r and zoo],) srenii* to have giveii i 
to niaiiy eaiiucut OfQi-ers IkiiIi of tlic Nnvy luid Army. 

' or Holklioni. — No Son did " come forth" iinill ttlet Mr. Coke's second ma 
in 1832, witli Lady Aime Kcppel, by wliom be had the present £arl of Lcioes 




1300 men. 

M Aduiiral has made u Sbip'g signal for Leghorn, I write 
jWi A line. I wrote you some time ago about tJie Action, 
pi belicre Ivavc wrote since. I shall only write you heads : 
pdang (tarticular. 1 need not say 1 am n<»t Captain of tlie 
^ In. She required tou much repair lor me to remain inac- 
♦hiUt ahe was fiiiiug. At present she is a Prison -sliip." 
Cen»«!UrJ goes home next Convoy. The particulars of the 
I must defer till we meet in England, when I can shew 
my account of it, with plans &c. Qa Ira is on twu-declis, 
84 guns, 3(5 ... 24 ... 12 French weight 
English 42 ...27... 14 

inoh killed and wounded 110 men, more by seaman- 
llafi fighting. We lost only .seven men wounded, tliree of 
are since dead. Had not tlie Saus Culotte bore down 
mA fiTvd on me, I wobld have taken her. She is die largest 
ker 1 ever saw. 

liiHl Man joined us on tlie 14th, with si.\ Sail of the 

that we axe now twenty Sail of the Line, English, and 

politans. We have this day accounts of tlie French 

being at sea with twenty-two Sail of the Line, and 

ble Frigates, &c. We are wailing for our valuable 

toy from Gibraltar, expected every moment ; are totally 

t which way the Enemy's Fleet are gone : hope sincerely 

»ill not fall in with oiu- Convoy, but (jur Admiral takes 

easy. Lord Hood's absence is a great National loss ; 

if we have the good fortime to fall in with tlie Enemy's 

Icet, tile event will be what no Englishman can duubt. 

As you seem so anxious about Hilborough, 1 am triUy sorry 

y imyiediment should be in the way of a final settlement. 

rune sayx I am likely to be an Admiral; I hope not: the 

kmclcj- of Marines would suit me much better at present. 

tbanloi to Mrs. Nelson, my Aunt, and all our Swaffham 

for dieir kind congratulations. If 1 imi unfortunately 

> Admiral, I sliall soon sec them, for we have more already 

i* wanted. 1 am glad to hear MissCliarlotte and Horace 

got so forward as to think of going to school : give my kind 

e ki them. I assure you I shall rettim again to the farm 

St. Flnrrnr». Shr wn» Irarat by iinrid«ni on the llUi of April, 1700. 
' rkli tUf wm rtukan off Cupe St. Viiic»'ut, on ber pBsa*^ to Etiglaad, by » 
Tmh Sfoadroa on iIk <Ui of Octobei foUuwiug. 



mtli no small degree of satisfactlou : it is the happiest of III 
if people will but be contented. 

Believe me ever, 

Your most aifectionate Brother, 
HoiuTio Nelsos, 
I shall write to Suckling verj- soon. 
I have to boast, what no Officer can this war, or any oil 
that I know of, being, in 15 months, 110 days iii Acdon 
Sea and on Shore. 

[From Ctu-ke imi! M' Arthur, vol. i. p. 211.] 

St. Fiorenzo, Isi Jnly, ITttr^ 

Our Convoy baring joined us on the 2'2nd, we made u3l 
for this Port, and arrived all safe on the 29lh ; so far we are 
fortunate. The French Fleet of seventeen Sail of dielirti 
are out, but only to exercise their men, at least our good ki 
liral says so : however, they may make a dash, and pick i 
)mething. We have Zealous, KCvcnty-four,' and three 
nance Ships expected daily from Gibraltar. I hope they 
not look out for them. Two French Frigates were for 
days very near us, as we are iiifuinied by Neutral Vessels. Ij 
requested the .Admiral to let me go after them ; but he would] 
not part with a Ship of tlie Line. Wheu tlie Fleet bore awajr 1 
for tluM place, lie sent two small Frigates, Dido and LowestoftJ 
to look into Toulon ; and the day after they parted from itf, 
they fell in with the two Frigates. It was a very handsome I 
done thing in tlie Captains, who are Towry and MiddletoOi'j 

■ Commodore ClirLttopher >[«i!)oii, (.'aiaiiiu J. YoniiB'. 

' The following account of Liu.i gidlant actiuii is given by Clarke and %r.Utburi] 
from tbe Letter ol Licrutenoiit Oeorgi? Clikrke, first Licutenaut of the Lo«-r«to0k.l 
The Didn wms cnnimatiiled br Caiitiiin Gcor)^ Henry Tii«rry, and tbe LoweMtoflc. M 
Captain Robert (jambier Midilleion. " On tlie 'Ittli of Juno, 179^, the 
little eigUt tiud nventy, of uiue-iMnmiierr<, uwl the Loirt'iftolTe, u two aiid tUirty, 
t«elve-]K)undor!i, bad to conteud with tbe suiwrior force of La Miiicr\«, forty 
eigbteea pouader.<), and L'Artemise, of tlurty-«ix tweive-poundcrs : each Laviuf i 
boiinl ;i'>n rapH. Tbf Dido biui '.100, lb* Lowpstoffe. U'iO. Can you credit 
having gaiued a complete victory, witli such odds agaiuist uii '.' and further, that 
LowestoSci had not a man hurt 7 Tbe Dido bod six men killed, iind twenty i 



[ooicb cre<lit must be due to Uiese Officers, ami tlipir Sliipg' 

God, tlie superiority of the Britisli Na\y reuiaius, 
hope ever will: I feel quite delighted at die event. 
our present THeet but one good chance at the Enemy, 
conscience, without exaggeration, I believe that if the 
lind would let us pursue, we shonkl talte them all. 

Yonrs, &c., 

IIoiuTio Nelson. 


[Antognipb, in the Locker Papers,] 

Aguueuiiioii, oQ'Cspc Cur^e, July BtU, 1709. 

My dear Friend, 

,Mr. Summers is now fourth Lieutenant of the Agamemnon, 

tf the vacancy is not by death, but in tin; room of an 

invalided, it may be necessary to have a friend to say a 

at tlie Admiralty for his immediate coniirniation : not 

it is likely they will send out Lieutenants to such va- 

I told Admiral Hotham of your good wishes for the 


are now at sea, looking for the French Fleet, which 
myself and two Frigates into Fiorenzo, yesterday aftcr- 
The Admiral had sent me, and some Frigates,' to co- 

I Um! was Um Commodare, ami led on ; the Freuoh Cominixlnre ran aboard 
^b fOllM^oemic at whirh Uie Dido's niizeA-niast was carrii'd uwity ; uud iu tluK 
MfigemeAt, tb« diirf (nut or the nipn nUuve tD^iuioucd vteie killed mui 
Al tliLi janctnr<> tli<< LnweHtoflV cniue up, oiid ritkcd th*.> Fn-iii'liuiaii ; 
■till al Uiiii ou lluf lec'bow. ,\way «°cut Miiiervc'fl ror«-iuiu<i, Ixivrsjirit, 
laMC, and miz«n-nui«t. The other fellow, a tno-it ubomiudLle coward, 
tfas • liitir, cheered off, and lb<^ LoweNlolfe mode after Uini ; liut, owing \o 
mBinf. lie nnlbitiaiatcl/ got away, la the nii'aiitimo, th« Dido, who had 
tto Tvpatr dooMfsa, tnnde onr signiU lo rvtum, «o Lowe$^tuf^e lacked, and 
io l«warl» MuiiTvc ; when we favoured her so plentifiiUv with Khol, that 
tWNaiioiiiil ilag to t»e xtruck — what ihrce hearty cheers wc gave!" In 
. Towrys Official I.otler, Admiral Ilolliaiii deHcrihed the oflnir as 
'^liirited ai-Uuij," whii-li " rellei:Ied ihe highest hoiinur on Ike 
aiui C rows." 

11 tlir 4lli Inxliiui from Si. Fiorenaio, tb« Sliipa named in Uie 

u. Meleaerr, Ariadne, MoAclle, Muline, CutUr,] under the 




operate with the Austrian General* in the Riviera of G 
when off Cape delle Melle I fell in with tlie Enemj, 
expecting to get hold of us, were induced to chase us on 
knowing, I am certain, from their movements, that our 
wan returned into Port.* The chase lasted twenty-four 
and, omng to the fickleness of tlic winds in these 
times was hard pressed i but they being neither Sei 
Officers, gave us many advantages. Our Fleet had the 
fication to see me seven hours almost in their possession ; 
shore »vas our great friend, but a calm and swell prevented 
Fleet from getting out till tliis morning.* The Enemy wei 
yesterday evening, and I fear we shall not overtake them ; 
in this country no person can say anything about winds, 
wc have that good fortune, I have no doubt but we shall 
a very good accouiit of tlieni, seventeen Sail of tlie Lin 
Frigates ; we twenty-three of the Line, and as fine a Fli 
ever graced the seas. 

July 14th. — Yesterday we got sight of the French 
our flyers were able to get near them, but not nearer than 
gun-shot: had the wind lasted ten minutes longer, the 
Ships would have each been alongside six of the Enemy 
Man^ commanded us, and a good man he is in every sense 
the wf)rd.* I had everj' expectation of getting Agamemnon 

orders of C'Kptwu NcUon, whom I directed to call oft Geno« for llio IncoRiiiant 
SonthMTijiion Frigntefi tiiat were lying there, and to take them vritL Lim, if from iM 
int«Uigence he might there obtain he shoald fiuA it necessary. Ou the morning of 
the 7th, I was mtich siuxirised to learn Unit the ahoAo Squadron wa* •jfti in tli» 
nlQng retiiming into Port, pursued by the Kuemy's Fleet, which, by Ciriiri«t it 
VinV letter, (the latest accrmnt I had reeeived.) I had reagon to «tipp"t« *«« 
certainly in Toulon." — Admirai Hotham't IHtpatrfi, Ulh .Tiily. ITflft 

' General dc Vina. 

» St. Fiorcnio, in Comica. 

* Jttinea (Kaval HUlory, i., 206, 207,) atatds that the piiranii of the Fnod 
Fleet bewail on the Tlh of July, that they chased the Agamemnon witliin wg)R 
of Admiral Hothain'» fleet in San Fiorenio Bay, at 0, illt a.m., on the Hih, but 
tlipy were prevented flrom floilinif immeiiiatety, by the wind blowing riifht into 
Bay, and by most of (he Ships Ik-ihr employed in watering and reilttXng. Wtd 
great exerttenn, however, they put lo sea at nine in the evening. 

' RenrAilmiral Robert Man, who hniitted his Flog in the Viotoryon that Od 

* James ( i. 900) ha'* a<lrled to his own account of thia nn<inti5ifiiclory, nr as N«]mI 
{p. 08) rMn ji, "mlberoble" Action, and i p. '<i> " our very liiil* biioineiM 
Note, written by " a*. gallaJil iin Ailmirtd n* tin- service tan boast," (,bni widiholi 
hia natne.) who wo* ttien a lieutenant ofiho Victury, Waring Admiral Man's Fl 
wlilcli ronuiinti ««vere rencctions on the eonduot of that Shiji, and conaoqucatly 
the Ileal -Admiral. 

•longMoean eighty-gim Shij>, widi a ring, nr Broad 

U ; but th« west wind first died away, then came east, 

rUdi gave tliem tltc wind, and enabled them to reach their 

CoMt, from which they were not more tlian eight or nine 

distant. Rowley' and mysell"' were just again getting 

ito c\nse. Action, when the Admiral made onr signals to call 

off-* The Alcide, seventy -foiir, struck, but soon afterwards 

K^ fir^j, by a box of combustibles in her fore-top, and she 

up ; about two hundred French were saved by our Ships. 

die tQomtng I was certain of taking their whole Fleet, 

of six Sail. 1 will say no Ships could behave better 

toon,* none worse than the French ; but few men aie killed, 

[Wl oar «ails and rigging are a good deal cut up. Agamemnon, 

|«^ her usual good luck, has none killed, and only one badly 

vTHnifded ; by chance, for I am siu-e they only fired high, tliey 

I pot lereral shot under water, which has kept [us] ever since at 

[tlie pomps. The Enemy anchored in Frejus, and wo are 

ring for Fiorenzo. 

Believe me ever yours, 

Horatio Nelson. 
Ibe Calloden lost his mala top-roast as he was getting along- 

A Sefenty-four. 
Victoiry, Admiral Man; Captain, Reeve; Agamemnon^ 
fdaon ; Defence, Weils ; Cidloden, Troubridge ; Cumber- 
Rowley ; Blenheim, Bazeley ; I think was every Sliip.* 
If 1 hftro omitted any, I beg their pardons. 

* C«|M*i: w Bijwuci Rowley, of ilie Ctunlterttuid, BeTcnty-four; be died 
■I Aiatiiml ■■'. vrlule CoDunajidi&g-iu-Chicf ikt Jamaica, in iMll. 

' iimtt^ aKj9 tbt aigiul ntt ono« if not twica reiieaUil wiih lUe C iimberliuid's 
fmimt^ Mbn tlut Ship would see it; luid that the Bleitbeim, Gibraltar, Cai)taiii, 
^ a lr«r •tlicr Ship*, were then cloaing with tlic Enemy'g nu, but lie dora not 
%mm aMtioo tlte AKiUDcmaou, lliuugh ii would appear that she was as close to the 
Katay m ite Cuiuberloiid. 

• - T\,w ,if nur Slu|M which were Q&gn^l liiid approached so near lo tlic shor«. 
bat ' I ro{irr lu coll thviu olT br Aiiptal-" — Admind Iluthmn* Diijmlcli, 

.i.^-t lo*t one MidKliipmnn. and U'u seanicn aud nuirinet, aud oiic 
nil iwmty-Uirec snuni-ii wutiuded. The Victor) Buffered n»ot>l. Admiral 
b« of " the most ditttinguikhcd and honourable mauncr" in which the 
iliwiy t>U|M Mklled ihcni»clvc« ot (bi'ir ponition; bat nout'd no oilier ofllcer in 
> Dtifttli than Rear Admiral Man, 

I don not, ■» "u o famiur uceosion, (>idfl p.'iO, ante^ make any exccpiioa . 
joMicw of Mr, Jomm's pointed censure of the Defence (i. 20D) may b«| 

.«, tmj fUtif «itgaeed with the Enemy. 
E 2 




[From Clarke and M'ArUiur, vol. i. p. 'ilb.] 


15th inly. 

Not Laving had 

I stiJfl 

signification to tiie contrar>' 
sutne to suppose, llial an acx-otint from nic of the operations i 
this Fleet is acceptable to your Royal Highne-ss. 

Tl>e Agamemnon was sent from Fioreuzo w-itli a sinal 
Squadron of Frigates to co-o]>eratc with the Austrian Genen 
de Vins, in driving tlie French out of the Riviera of GeDOi| 
at the beginning of July. On the 6th, I fell in with the FreoCi 
Fleet of seventeen Sail of the Line and six Frigates; tli^ 
chased me tvveuty-fonr hours, and close over to St. FioreitfO| 
but our Fleet could not get out to my assistance. However, (S 
the 8th, in the nioming, Admiral Hothain sailed with twentf 
tJiree Siiil uf the Line; and on the IStli, at daylight, got si^ 
of the Enemy, about j^ix leagues soutii of the Hicrus Islondl 
A signal was then made for a general chase. At noon, tfai 
Victory, Admiral Man, with CniUain, Aganiennuni, Cumber 
land, Defence, and CuUuden, got williiu gun-shot of the Eueny 
when tlic west wind failed us, and threw us into a line ab] 
A light air soon afterwards coming from the Eastward, wi 
our heads to the northward, as did the Lneuiy, and the A( 

It was imjiossible for us to close with them, and the 
from tliuir Ships and our own made a perfect calm ; 
they, being to windward, drew in shore ; our Fleet w: 
calnuul six or seven miles to the westward. The Ble: 
and Audaciotis got up to us during tlie firing. The 
struck about half-past two, and niatiy otliers were almost 
bad a state ; but slie noon afterwards took fire, and onlj 
lutudred men were saved out of her. At lialf-past three th 
Agamemnon and Cmnberland were closing with an eigb^ 
gun shi]i with a Flag, the Berwick, and Ileureux, when A< 
miral Hotham diought it right to call us out of Action, tl 
wind being directly into the Gulf of Frejiis, where the Eneir 
anchored after dark. 

llius has ended our second meeting with these gentrj'. 1 
the forenoon wo had every prospect of taking every Sb 



leet ; and at nooD, it wait almost certain we .should 
d the six near Ships. The French Admiral, I am 
Bot a wrise man, nor au Officer: he was undetermined 
to tight or tu i\m away : however, 1 must do him tlje 
> say, he took tlie wisest step at last. Indeed, I be- 
I Mediterranean Fleet is as fine a one as ever graced 

iolloway ' is Captain of tlie Fleet, a good man. The 

■■n have still twenty-one Sail at sea in a mondi, but 

^PUJcve they can ever beat us in their present uudis- 

state : the prisoners we liavc seen are stanch 

Bf and I really believe the war is almost at an end. 

ing to Genoa, to see Mr. Drake, our Minister, and to 

kbout what assistance tbc Admiral can afford the Aus- 

iLe Riviera of Genoa. We have just got accounts of 

yr being taken from the French. 

tl am, &c. 
lIoR.\Tio Nelson. 



, in llif posvomion of Mn. Barien, the iliuig1it«r of Mr. Drike.] 

Agtunemnon, Genoa Mol«, I8lli July, 1705. 

llie conversation I had tlie honour to liold with your 
►ncy evening, it appeared to you, as 1 own it does 
If, tliat the great use of the co-operation between His 

'» Squadn3n under my command, and the Allied Array 
teneral de Vins, is to put au entire stop to all trade 

Genoa, France, and places occupied by the .\nnie8 
ce ; and without which trade is stopped, your Exccl- 
tDs me it is almost impossible for tJic Allied Army to 
fis present simation, and much less possible for them 
f>rogi"csR in dri\-ing the French out of the Riviera 
' and by the paper you gave me to read, it also ap- 

Xm your opinion, that probably Nice itself might fall 

Kidlwii OAmt, wbo wu M iniimatv friend of Nelsou, uul who died n 
il, • Memoir h given in the ninetrrutli volume of the Xaval ChnmicU' 



for want of a supply of provisions, forage, and ammut 
coming from Genoa. 

I have the honour to transmit you a copy of Admiral 
tham's orders to me, on my coming on this service : as, i 
a copy of an order dated June 17th,' which, from the 
possibility of being complied with in this Country, amotmt 
a j>roliibition of similar orders which have been giv 
England. I beg, therefore, to submit lo your Excel 
whether it will not be proper for j'ou to ;mte lo Admiral I 
thaui on this subject, stating tlie absolute necessity of stof 
all the trade which may pass between Genoa, France, 
places occupied by the Amiics, and that VentimigUa tob 
considered as a place under that description ; for if a Gi 
Vessel may pass with impunity to that place, nothing can] 
vent their going to Nice, and every French Port to the 
ward of it. 

However, Sir, so sensible am I o[ the necessity of vigc 
measures, that if your Excellency will tell mc tliat it is fo 
benefit of His Majesty's sen ice, and for the reasons which] 
have stated, that I should stop aU trade between tlic Ne 
Towns and France, and places occupied by the 
France, considering Venlimiglia in that situation, I will 

' Ailniinil liotham's Ottli-r of the 15tU .hil.v, 17U.'), niu in these wonb:- 
lux- hereby required, nod dirfoti-U to ]»r<>coe<l furtliwitL, in the Sliip you 
with lliu ^jllip^<, Sloo{i, nud Culler naineil in tlip uiHrgin, [ Meleager, Ariadne, T4 
Resolution CuU«r, wbojtc C'tipuiu<! Imve my orders to follow your dircciia 
Genoa, whet*, hjiou your oniviU, you ore to coufer with Mr. Dntir, his 
Minister at that place, on Bach points ati miiy be deemed esbeutial tuwardit ; 
operating with General de VIdb, the Comnninder-Lu-Cliief of tlie Allied At 
Italy, for the benefit of the common Caaae againit the F.nemy, carrying ( 
into execution m expoditiously as possible. Yon ^rill receive his EsMlle 
Drake on boaid the Agamemnon, for his passage with yon to Vndo, shoo 
deairoos of it. Given on board the Hrttamiin, Martelln Bny, Uie 15lh day ( 
17D0. Vf. HoTHAJ*." 

Admiral Hothom's Order of the 17th June, lTd"i, was fm follows: — " (Ch 
In«tmctinus.) Yon are hereby required and directed to take all posaible rare ntt 
give any jtist cause of offence to the Foreign Powers in amity with Ilia M^eatj.l 
whenever any Ships or Vessels belonging to the Siibject-i of those Power* shall 
detained or brought l>y you into Port, you are lo transmit to the Seerelary of ( 
A<lmii'alty a eoraplete speoificaliou of their oargoei*. by the first op|vortunity that 
offer, and not to in-'tiliile any leyal proeos-i ftgainsl such Ships or Vessels until lb 
Lordships' furtlipr uleasure ».hall be luiowu. Given ott board Uio Britaimia, 
Minorca, 1 '0- W. IIotbam." 

86.] LETTERS. 65 

' directions to the Squadron under my command for that 

I have the honour to remain, 
Your Excellency's most obedient, humble Servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

Il dnagbt of LLis L«Uer L< in tlie Nelson Fnpera, wlucb, except in a 

. words, agree* with the aboYe ; bill after the words, " for that pur- 

! fbDowiag paasagm an added :— } 

Vessels and their cargoes lay in Vado Bay, until I 
re my Commander-in-Chiefs directions about them ; 
kr, if your Excellency thought it proper, to send an express to 
id, until that answer coidd return. 
He great obstacles, Sir, which lie before me, as a Captain 
iihi' >Cavy, are briefly, the being liable to prosecution for 
and damage, and the danger of Agents becoming^ 
>. Suppose I stop a Genoese Vessel, loaded witli com 
e, or places occupied by her Annies, considering 
jlia in Uiat situation ; what can I do with her ? By 
of the 17 th Jime, I am not to institute any legal 
against her, until their Lordships' further pleasure 
[ribll be known : I am to send a complete specilication of lier 
lorgn lo the Secretary of the Admiralty. This is a measiue of 
■posxiliility in this Country ; for the cargoes, probably chiefly 
1, would be spoiled long befi>re their Lordships' pleasure 
reach me ; and in case the Vessel and cargo should be 
t by their Lordships* orders, it is to me the owners would 
ftir damages. 

Etoi supposing that, in consequence of your Excellency's 
fltuemenl, I should stop the Vessels before described ; and, 
to avoid imnecessar)' expense, tliat 1 direct the com, or other 
jii, to be taken out of such Vessel, the freight to be paid for, 
the Vessel released, I might, notwithstanding, be uufortu- 
tn the choice of an Agent, and, the value of thest; cargoes 
I not fiJTtlicoming, then the Captain woidd naturally be looked 
to for iIm) money. Such things have happened; tlierefore,i 
ttmn is only one measure to be taken — to bear tlie Oihcer 
btnaleas from prosecution on tliis new occasion — which is, that 
dieOfficer neads tlie Neutral V^essels and cargoes to such person 
or penoas aa you may i hi"k proper to appoint, that he or they ' 


may pay for the freight and relcaije the Vessel, J»elliu|,' the i 
and holduig tlie amount, until legal process is had od 
your Excellency pledging yourself, that Government iru 
prevent any prosecution from falling on ilie Oflicer, who 
stop Vessels as before described. Should this meet 
Excellency's ajjpnjbation, I have no objection to avoid 
possibility of a bad choice of au Agent by tlie OflSccr^ 
llie \'essels and cargoes shoidd be delivered to sucli 
persons as you may judge jnoper and responsible y _ 
legal adjudication can be had on the value of cargoes 
by order of Administration. 

T hope you vfUl excuse the lengtli of this letter ; but 
your Excellency considers the responsibility of a CaptAial 
the Navy in these cases, I trust you will think it right for 1 
to state my opinion fully. 


[Origitto] Drauglit, iu Ibe Nelson Paper*.] 

AguntninoD, Jiilv lOUi, 11 

My Lord, 
1 have seen in the newspapers tliat I am appointed one of | 
Colonels of Marines,^ an appointment certainly most Hattcf 
to me, as it marks to the world an approbation of my cone 
To your Lordship I beg leave to express my gratification, i 

' On tbo Atli Jan«, 1 <(),"). Cnplain Nelsou's appointment oa Colonel of Marines, 
WM tUim anuoimced to liim br Ium fatlipr, iu a letter from Bath, on tbe 4ib of 
.Tune, 1 T !).*>;—" Mjr dear Horatio, I have tbi(> monienc received full attthorilv to 
say, tbat jou are appointed one of tbe Colonels of Morinen, ruated by Uie promo- 
lion to Flags. God ble»s you with all tbe prosperity this pleasini^ and much- 
iriflbed-for erent oan bring Kitb it. Tt markA yonr public conduct a.^ bigUly ho- 
nourable, ami worthy of the notice of yonr Country: it is the geucnil Toicc tiial 
it WW well and properly given. How ominently does Rueb a ultuation appear abova 
wbatover is obtained by interest or brilwry ! My^telf and your good wife are fuU of 
joy, and we often amuNO ooTBelves iu Bxiug on tbe cottage retiremmi, to wlii'-Ii ■mii 
are looking fnrward. Floml, you will Onil, ^n (oiully retired ; yet I ' 
lievc be came forward as your friend in this bu«iue«is. All aUow him j .„._ _. 
aa well as long exjverience in bia profe8.«ion. I bave only to add, tbni j>o nMrc- 
lionate a hod iiioht>- all tbat a kind fatber can b€:stow — bis fervent prayers tlial God 
may l"iig preserve liim. Farewell, my daar aon. — Edmvkd Nu,«ox." — Cfarir 
oHii M'Jitliur, vol. i. p. 'J13. 



ly as*., by a letter from 3-our Lordsliip to Ix)rd Hood,* yon 

your inteiitioQ to represent my services in tlic njost 

:>le i>uitit of vievf to the Kiuf? ; for which I beg leave to 

, Totir Lordship my most sincere thanks. In the same 

like doubts which had arisen respecting tlie damage my 

1 BQStamcd at the Siege of Ca]vi, made it, your Lordship 

table to say whether ii was such as amounted to the 

■ Uinb. I have only to tell your Lordship, that a total 

iou of sight for every common occasion in life, is the 

?nce of tlie loss of part of the crystal of my right eye. 

; 1 mean not to press on your Lordship the propriety of 

DBginy loss, I shall conclude by assuring you, that my 

us shall never he wanting to merit a continuance of 

good opinion, and that I shall ever considei- myself your 

)'« most obliged, humble servant, 

HoHATio Nelson. 
ag appointed with a small Scjuadron of Frigates to 
ite with Uie Austrian General dc Vins, I cannot allow 
L'ttrr to go, witliout saying that it appears to me that 
Jcneral de V'ini* Ls an Officer who perfectly knows his business, 
\lM JmrcU disposed to act witli vigour on cvcrv' jiropcr occa- 
J- llie KiK'uiy are throwing up strong wcjrks near Albinga ; 
efote three days are past, I expect the Army will be to 
rMirard of llietu. 

\Tma Clwkc and >f*Artlmr, vol. i. j>. 220.] 

Agiuncmiion, Vmlo Buy, '22di1 JiiIv. I?il5. 


iTe the honour to inform you, that I airivcd at Genoa 
"llie cvtming of the I7tli, and found there two French 

uf Cwl S|H;nCBi'» Buswer to Lord Iloud's ap|i1icntiuu for a pcn^'n^n for 

I K«laMU. Cir ihr Itjss of lijg eyo. Uatfd i!(iU of .Mnrcli, ITD.'i. is in Ibc Nclaou 

Albir eijinrMrng a <lonhi wLellicr nny reinuueraiiou rould Iw (,Tmii<'d for 

i« wpff eqiiivnleiit lo lUe loss of a limb, bin Liinl^bip midi'd — 

fn>m tbr general cbnractcr of Cnplnin Ni-lson, and bis nc- 

I oil Un)«», ibftt Ub> Majesty cannot full I" ii|ipn»e Li« bfiug 

dj iiwuc«4i uid I "liiill feel pxtreinely Imjipy in uvniliug inyKrlf of 

oppottimtiy m»y offer, lu testify the scDbi- \tluub must bo cmcr- 

f\i» preMBBioas lo Divoui luid dislioctioa." 

W to )iave her again. In respect to Vado Bay, bad it 
been called a Bay, I should never have named it one : it 

bend in the land, and since I have been here by no means 
il landing. Xlie water is deep, good clay bottom, and 
■^ of fresh water ; open from £. to S. To the east the 
id i> at a great distauce ; but I tliiuk a Fleet may ride here 

a short time in the summer moutlis. General De Vius 
hmied my risat yesterday afternoon, and %vas received with 

ibe honour due to his rank. I am, kc. 

Horatio Nelson 



iCtnk^ Bad M'ATthor, rol. I. p. 221. Captcin Nelson wnii tent Tvitb ■ Riniill 
to «o-oper«te witL tlie Anstriiw uid Sardinian Armie», under Oenenl de 
itM»g lb* French ftnm Uie Ririsni of Oenot.] 

Off V«do Bay, 5i4ih JiJy, 1795. 

changes in my life of activity ! Here I am, having 

oenced a co-operation with an old Austrian Gcnei'al, almost 

ig myself charging at the head of a troop of horse. 

Bg wiU be wanting on my ])art towards the success of the 

)n Cause. 1 have eight sail of Frigates* under my 

; the service I havj-. to perform is important, and, 

il }-ou a few days ago from Genoa, I am acting, 

ijotit the orders of my Commander-in-Chief, but 

je measure contrary to them. However, I have not only 

JTt of his JIajcsty's Ministers, both at Turin and 

but a consciousness that I am doing what is right and 

for tlte lionricG of our King and Countr}'. Political 

in .in Officer abroad is as highly necessary as tnilitary 

abo^-e-l^entioned Ministers want the Admiral to give 

' ' -car a Distinguishing Pendant. The Austrian 

'1 of 32,000 of the finest Troops 1 ever saw ; 

General when he gets to Nice will have tlic baton of 

fit, (.'«iHiun Fremanile; Mi'lcagor, Cupliiin Cockb>imt 

iiilc Cliftrles Kl|t1iiui!(uiiu ; Suiithiuiipton, rapuiin Ed- 

r, Ari^tif, I »(ii«iu Kohert Oiuubier Middlcton. and nfterwards C«p- 

FlMnpim : Lovtcmnlli-, Captiun Bpojiunin IliUJowrll ; Koniulns, C«p- 

Do|«; BfMdy.Capum T. ElpUiuslone ; aad Twletuu, Captun Clmrles 




a Fu'Kl-Marshal : «l»ai shall I get? However, this I c« 
that all 1 have obtained 1 owe to myself, and to no one< 
and to you 1 may ad<l, that my character stands high 
almost all Europe ; even the Austrians knew my name 
fecUy. When I get through this campaign, I think 
I ought to rest. I hope to God the war will be 
thai I may return to you in peace and quietness- 
farm, and my good name, form all ray wants and wis 

Yours, &c. 

Horatio Nei 



[Antograpk, in tlie Miuto Paftn,] 

Agdmemnoii, Legkoru, 27tL Jaly, I 
My dear Sir, 

A merchant in tliis ]>lacc .... whose name T 
confident yo»i will keep secret, has jufit told mc, luid i-' "i 
to tell Uic Consul, that gunpowder is sold out of the m.. 
at St. Fioren/o. A Vessel, he says, has just arrived, whidi 
brou}j;ht over 2000 barrels, and that many others have brougbi 
-small fiuaiititics. He did not choose to disclose his informer'* 
name, but I iiiidei"stood lie was in the Vessel. As the informa- 
tion can do no hann if false, and a great deal of gcnice if 
true, i think it right to send it your Excellency. 

A gale of win<l has blown uie in liere fnmj off Genoa, on 
which Coast I am stationed to co-operate with tlic Austrian 
army ; the advanced jwsts of that Army are at Loana, 12,000 
men, the other part is at Vado, -20,000 ; a finer body of men 1 
ne\-er saw, and the General seems inclined to go forward, if 
I'-ngland will perform her part, which I hope she will ; but the 
co-operation expected of us is the ]mlting a stop to all snp* 
plies going to I'rance, a measure Admiral Hotham may pos- 
sibly hesitate complying widi. Mr. Trevor and Mr. Drake 
have both v^Tote tn him on the absolute necessity of the 
measure ; in the meantime, in consequence of similar repre- 
sentations, I have directed the Squadron under my orders to 
detain all Vessels, to whatever Nation they may belong, bound 



y place occiipied by the aniiies of France. 
ci bas already resulted from the measure, tlmt 
■c alarmed, and will be caioful bow they send 
I an almost certain capture. Itisiirunce is not 
►e Itad ; the capture of a Tuscan Vessel or two 
1 .oghiini trade. The only fcurs tliat seem to 
".iii^laiid, are of the Barbary States; but, Sir, is 
ive up llie almost certainty of linishing this war 
the fear of offence to such beings ? Forbid it 
ry tic which can bind a great Nation. If su])- 
iroin France for six weeks, I am told, most pro- 
an Anny will be at Nice, which will be a great 
having guaranteed the repos.scssion of Nice to 

myself; the Colonelcy of Marines has been 

handsome maimer, but, in good trutli, 1 uni 

at. I find my exertions Iiave been beyond 

1 have a complaint in my brea^it, which will 

me down ; but please God if I see this cam- 

gamcmnon does not go to England, I nnist, 

eoplc tell me, be on shore for a uioulli or two, 

Lhoughts i)f scr>ice. With kindest wishes for yoiu: 

'» health, 

Believe me ever 
Your most faithfiil and obedient 
Horatio Nelson. 

:ttw Vicv Roy. 

[From "Tlie AlLewunm."] 

Leglwni, July 27lli. 170.V 

I bear, so many letters gone to the Fleet unci to 

II hope to have one of yours amongst them, and 
[all my worthy friends at Kentish Town are well. 

ill here yesterday morning by a heavy gale of 
«y Rtalion off Genoa ; at which place I am fixed 
■ with the Austrian Anny, witli eight Frigates under 



my comtnaad. The orders I have ^ven, by the adnce 
Ministers of Turin and Genoa, are strong ; and I ktjc 
how my Admiral will ajiprove of ihcm, for they are, iaaj 
measure, contrar)' to tliose he gave me ; but the 
quires strong and vigorous measures to bring the vrttr to fti 

My orders are to take and detain all Vessels (to 
Nations they may belong) bound to France. The G< 
begin to quake ; Tuscany will do the same ; and the 
Algiers seems the only Power which England fears; biitj 
are to finish the war with France, we must not be disp 
stop at trifles : it lias already continued mucli too long ; 
by an opposition, and fear of an opjxisition at home, 
want of power in England. We have much power here ati 
sent to do great things, if we know how to apply it. Ht 
must get a new head : no man's heart is better, but tha 
not do without the other. If my conduct is approved 
September we shall be at Nice, and perhaps across the 
for Provence will, I am sure, declare for us the first 

The weather is turning moderate, and I hope to get 
this night, therefore I must conclude, begging you to 
my kindest remembrances to Mrs. Suckling, Miss Sucl 
and our friends at Uampstead. Believe me ever 

Your most obliged and affectionate j 
Horatio Nei 


[Autogri^k, iu the Nelson Pii{>eK.] 

AguuemiiOD, Legrborn Itotds, July 38Ui, 11 

On the 24th, in the evening, I landed Mr. Drake* and 
Trevor* in Genoa, and kept towards Vado Bay the whole nighu] 
On the morning of tlie 25th, a verj' heavy gale of wind cam* 
on ut S.W.; I endeavoured to clear the Gulf by staac 

• Fnuicifi Drake, Esq-. Minister Pleiiipoteiitiir; at Oenoa. 

* The nunoiir«ble Jolm Trevor, Envoy Exuiiordiiuuy, uid Minister Pleiiipotenj 
Uwy at Turin. 


.N.W., bat found that was impossible, and it was only 

ig an extraordinary press of sail tliat I was enabled 

Cape Rapollo. As I was in great want of wood, 

of going into Port Especia, which I otljerwise should 

I done, I made for this place, where I arrived in the night. 

I Satuniay aud Sunday it blew so hard that not a boat has 

Able to get olf with our wood, oxen, &c., but as this 

is fine, foiu" hours I hope will finish our business, 

I shall get away witli Inconstant aud Ariadne, ttie 

baring brought the Convoy from Genoa. I am die less 

9t being blown off my station with a westerly than widi 

]y gale, for in the latter case the Enemy I fear woidd 

li«8 in .^ite of us. 

ara gereral \'essels here loaded with com for France, 

of them under passports from the Dey of Algiers. 

tbey must be stopped if met with by the Squadron 

mj offders, and the Minislci's of Genoa and Turin must 

aiwwerable for what may be die result. But, Sir, the 

of the necessity of stopping all the V'essels is comprised 

[rery few words ; diai, if we will not stop supplies of com, 

to France, the Armies will return from whence tliey 

I and the failure of this Campaign, from which so much is 

1, wiU be laid to our want of energ>' ; for the only use of 

Taral co-operation is die keeping out a supply of provi- 

wfaicb, if done for six weeks, the Ministers tell me the 

1 Army will be in possession of Nice, and ready to carry 

rvinler cam|)aign m Provence. But by that time I pray 

i«v mar be finii^hed. 

me, Sir, with the highest esteem, yotu*most obedient 

lIoRATio Nelson. 


[Aalognipb iu the KeUou Piipere.1 

AgunemnoD, Gulf ofGouoa, July St^Ui, ITOn. 

My dear Brotlier, 

harr not, I beUevc, wrote you since our miserable Action 
I3th. 'J'o siiy how much we wanted Lord Hood at that 



time, is to say, will you liave all the French Fled 
Action ? for the scraiiiLliiig distant fire was a farce ; buti 
ft'U by 8ucli a firo, what might not have \teen exjKCi 
our whole Fleet engaged? Improperly as the part 
Meet wliich fired got into Action, we look one Ship, 
tlic subject ift unpleasant, and I shall have done with it. 
now c<j-operating with the Austrian Anny, under Geni 
\'in», :iiid l)(»pc we shall do better there. If the Adniiri 
support the measures 1 have proposed, I expect, by the 
of September, we shall be in Nice, and of course hare the 
boiu" of Ville Franche for our Squadrou. But Hothara hi 
hvnd for enterprise, perfectly satislled tliai each mouth 
witliout any losses on our side. I almost, I assure yoti, 
uiVNcIf an Admiral, with the conmiand of a Fleet. Pro! 
when I gi"ow older, I shall not feel all that alacrity and oh; 
for the Sen'ico which I do at present. 

August 3rd. — I have just received your letter uJ June 
for wliieli 1 thank you. The Marines certainly came to 
tlje nuist pleasant way, unknown except from services^ 
without iuten'st or any one to say a word forme. But 
not expect to keep theui long: they are too good not [to] 
it certain they will take the first opportunity of making 
Admiral. From the vigorous measures 1 am taking wi' 
Cienoese, I am most uujtujnilar here. I cannot perhaps^ 
safety, land at Genoa, but half measures will never do 
connnand. All war or all peace is my idea, and the 
Austrian General is entirely of my way of thinking, llotham 
is coming to look at us, with ihe Fleet, but tlie command restt 
with uie ; and very probably I shall be ordered to hoist a Dis- 
tinguishing Peudatit. Do not be surprised if you hear tliai 
we are once more in possession of Toiilou. Had Lord Hooi 
been here, I have no doubt but we should have been tljo 
this moment. 

1 beg you will give my kindest remembrances to 
Nelson, my Aunt, and all our Swafl'ham friends, and ki 
love to Charlotte and uij- namesake. He had nnich beti 
a T'nrson than a Sailor — it is a nnich quieter tra<le. I am n 
]n»inted out as having been thi;-> war o/ie hundred and Iwelri 
limes engaged against tlie French, and always .successfiil to i 
certain degree. No Officer in- Europe can say as much. 1 



u Wiclcey* had a Slujj. He is a jrouJ mau, and 
mcUlTerent ones are ein])Ioye(l. I expect this 
A^aiiienutuu to England. Dolitirt; me ever 
ma le brut her, 

Horatio Nklson. 
m' is gone home [in] bad IumIiIi. 

Clarke will M'AnLiir, \ol. i. p. *42.S.] 

Vado Bay, August '2uil, ITfU. 
tamo we got possession of it before, the Royalists 
means so strong at Toulon as they arc at this 
I liave been very negligent, Fanny, in i^rit- 
laiher, but 1 rest assured he knows I would have 
ogo, had you not been under tlie same roof. At 
lo not write less than from ten to twenty letters 
which, Avith the Austrian General, and Aiile-de- 
m\ own litUe Squadron, fully enij^hiy niy time : 
active service, or none. Pray draw for £200, my 
myself can settle our accounts when we meet ; 
I believe I am the richer man, therefore I desire 
re my dear faUier that money. 

Yours, &e. 

HouATio Nelson. 

[Vnim Clnilip ufi«l M'Arthiir, toI. i. p. 'i'U.] 

llli August, llit'i. 

I tiie French Ships sail from Ton! nii, iuul be bound 

"upelagD, ihe Admiral will have a very ij'fiiid chance 

f'di diem ; but I rather am inclined to hope they 

Cicijoa, t« cover their Convoy; and if that be 

*fuy: lir ilied itii Ailmirnl. 
I^Uhott; lie WHS not promoted uiilil Octulier, lH'i.'», luul dieJ ii 



their intention, yon may rest assured they shall nerer do ht\ 
long as Agamemnon is above water. Should yon hear of i 
sailing from Toulon, be so good as to let me know it, tbt 
they are coming this way, I may fight tliem before the SI 
from Genoa join. 

I am, &e. 

Horatio NelsokJ 

[From Clarke und M'.^rtliur, vol. i. p. 234.] 

GiIj An^nst, 1' 

The disposition and acts of ray Cruisers will soon prove 1 
contestably tliat Gotma is nut blockaded, as all Vessels 
arrive in perfect security M'liich are not French, or laden 
French property. Cruisers off Cape Corse, or the Si 
Bonifaccio, would not stop the trade so well as where I 
placed thetn ; were I to remove tliose Sliips on tljt; Es] 
side of the Gulf, notliing could prevent the escape of 
French Squadron, and any Convoy tljey might choose 
carrj' with them. It ever has been customary to endeavour 
intercept Enemy's Vessels coming from Neutral Ports, and the 
Cruisers off Port Espccia are very little nearer Genoa than 
Leghorn, and are at tlie utmost extremity of the Genoese Ter- 
ritory ; for I have been most careful to give no oSence to tfafl 
Genoese Territory or Flag. Were I to fullow the example 
which tlie Genoese allow ilie French, of having some small 
Vessels in the I*ort of Genoa, that I have .seen towed out of 
the Port, and board Vessels coming iu, and afterwards return 
into the Mole, there might then certainly be some reason to 
say their Neutral Territory was insulted ; but llie conduct of 
the English is ver>- different. I take the liberty, Sir, of writ- 
ing thus fidly, which 1 hope you will excuse, as it may help to 
furnisli you widi strong arguments, should the Genneso Go- 
vemmetit complain: and another cogent reason why British 
Cnusera are necessary, even on the Coast and before the Port 
of Geuoa, is tlje necessity of protectiug our own trade, and 
tliat of our AUies, from the uuui|;rous IVeuch privateers, which 



night froni the Ports of the Republic. 1 
and it is with very great pain I write this 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

Clarke tail M'AitLiir, vol. i. [i. 'Hi.] 

8t1i AiiKiiM, 1T03. 

ffe has just joined me ; I shall order her to 

ktr miles off Port Vado, to prevent the Prcnclj 

ill- shore, and the Agamemnon is kept ready to 

V» notice. I have been ill several days, and 

^re, and that's all. 

I am> &c. 

HoRATTo Nelson. 


[Anl«grapbi ui Uie Minio Pupeni.] 

Viulo B»v, Angnst lath, 170.'). 


lellet* of the 7tli I have jiust received, by the 
shall auHwer those parts which relate to business 
Qy licallli and eyes, which arc both almost worn 

nr sii (.,1).^,., Kiijoi ^njj — •< uive me leave, my dear Sir, to con- 

'iim'f sii|iporiJng iinifonnly, on all occiuiioufi, tUe same 

'-•••.•- 'liHlitig^tiHlicd lliul Slup siiiici- I Litve beou iu lb* Mcdi- 

»liw "I ««H uot A^iunouuton's fmilt, if more was iiot done on 

" ■ HI* ol**! lo ««H< yiin »-in|iluytfd iii your pre- 

.1, iii'livity, and n Niiiril of nrcumiiiCMlnlion 

■' «iHn) Will iiiji be wanting in the Commodore of your 

llw buiiiiDMn yoii nni hIioiiI, I niimu lUc expulsion of the 

~ ' '■ Miuoutfso TeiTitorie*!, »» ihe most imjiortiuit fco- 

I von riinnol beniDw ■ grentor favour on me thnn 

"■ I'l \Mii\i is ifding fiinviml. by O" nmiiy ojiporttiuilii'h u* 

" ' •iti IaIi'I) leiurued from ii -lix Wfoki." tour tliriMi((li 

'tiM bi^licst !^nii«fiirtioii, biitb fi-om ibu improviibln 

•!"• KriicrAl ipiril of laynllj , miil ult<u<biii('Dl of tbe 

I ItHilLwIirrcver 1 went. 1 nj«\ lull yu in puiilJ- 




out, will allow, sliall endeavour to tell you our little occurrencci. 
Corsica is never from my thoughts; I have ente»-ed thirteeuor 
fourteen very fine young men, soldiers, deserters from the 
Genoese, being Corsicans, for Sniitirs corps. Mons. Ssjet 
has sent tliree French deserters for Dillon's corps, and 1 luve 
put these on board the Tarletoii Brig, who shall carrj- iheiu to 
Corsica the first oj^portunity. I received from Mr. Murray, 
when at Genoa, a few recniits for Smith's corps, which 1 sent 
by Vanneau froiu Leghorn, and told liiui, and have told Mr. 
Drake, to send luc the men, an<l I will take care of theui. I 
had letters from good Lord Hood: however WTong he might 
have been in writing so strongly (he allows he to thu Ad- 
miralty, the Nation has suflered much by his not coming to 
this Country, for an abler head, or heart more devoted ti> tlw 
service of his Coimtry, is not readily to be met with. \Mien 1 
think of what Lonl Bridport did under L'Orient,* I cannot 
but sigh. 

Respecting our movements here, they are very slow. 
General De Vins has been long expecting, but I fear in vmh, 
an attack by General Calli widi the Piedraontcse, near Onneo, 
directly back from Veniimiglia. This is the great i)i»int to be 
carried, as the l*iedmonteKe .\rmy would tlien get Veutimiglia, 
and, of course, the Enemy's very strong posts near Albcrga be 
useless, and junbaldy, unless tliey are ^ery active, their retreat 
to Nice cut off. De Vins says he has Jlattered and abused 
the Piedraontese and Neapolitans, hue noiliing will induce theia 
to act. A plan is now concerted between the General and my- 
self, but unknown to even a Minister, tlierefore })ray do not 
mention it, to embark (if these other people will not act)*5 or 

ilruce. tliiU PhoH liitii been i<udc«voiiriiig to stir up iui.>cLicf, diinug my absience. ia 
iliU ]iart of ihe Isliuid ; niiil by Me*, luiU inicutionf, sonii' tliKtiirbiuiCf Lba b«ett 
L-rfttleil ill ill? (li!-trict« iwljoiuiiig lu bis uwii renidrncp. Bin by pcrfpct flniine<4 
iiiid piyjiH'i- |eu)i>er oii my piiri, ibetie nitprnpLs lo dii<tnrb ns are sure uf ending in 
Ibe diHgriii'c uf tlieir lUicLoi'^, am in iniib Uiis oiie liaK Hlreudy i>r«Uy tirwly dour. 
It >«<*r'iii-< tliut Pit'di in tiol givat eiiongb U> reconcile liimii'lr to the hiation of ■ pri- 
\Mv luiiii aiiil timl be ntill biiiikvrK aSler the Crowu, wbicL he gnvv to ibe Kiii}( al * 
liiuf. indeed, when he could no lunger keep it for Uimwlf."— Or<^V««/, iu lli« Nelsou 

» l>jnl nrid|K>r( nttacked lUc FrcucL Ileet close iu witli tbe Port of L'Or* 
t lie "i lib of J line, ITIW, and c«4)tnml L'.ilejouidre, Le Fonnidabie. and Le 
Nbip^ of tbe Liue. 

laen, and to make a landing between St. Remo and Vcn- 
Sonie risk be run, and the General seems a 
w!»o will venture when it is proper. I tliink 1 need 
Ir say tlie jp-eatest harmony subsists between us. Ad- 
iml HoUiam is daily expected, and my humble plans may 
put imde, or carried into execution by other Officers, which 
1 Jioidd not altogether like ; however, I tliiuk the Admiral 
tHH «t«y here as little while a.«t possible. The strong orders 
llrich I judged it j»roper to give on my first arrival, have had an 
titraordinar\' good effect ; the French Army is now supplied 
%tifa almost daily bread from Marseilles ; not a single boat 
tt psssed with corn. The Genoese are angry, but that does 
Bl nutter. 

I am irnly concerned that Paoli Hhould be troublesome, 
had heard it, btit could not give credit to such an a]iparent 
iwml conduct on his part. I fiilly tnist and believe that 
four Excellency's mild and e*]iiitidjle adiiiinistmtion will 
KVtt the good Corsicans little to hope or fear from Paoli and 
^adherent5). Poor Agamemnon is as near woni out as her 
L'aptain : we both soon l)e laid up to repair. The 
Marines have been given to me in the handsomest manner. 
JTtt answer given to many was, the King knew no Officer who 
Wx\ »encd so nuich lor them as niyjself This goes in a 
|»»cket to Mr. Drake, who I shall request to forward it, I beg 
Biv best remembrances to Govenior Villettes,' and that vou Avill 
wieve nie, 

Ever your obliged and affeclioualc 
HoiuTio Nklson. 

T»liU }Jxc«U<fiirj tli«: V|iP )l(,». 

rAiiif»i;ni|ili« ill tlip Lrx'ker P*)i«n.j 

VihIii 1U>, AiigwM lOlIi, I "'I*". 

My dear Friend, 
1 liavc received your letter ol' July 8th, with a very late 
"fwmpaper. I ho]ie Lord Bridport's success and the appear- 
Tlhe itnigriK landed in Brittany, will bring this war t«> 

CMloDfl VlllrUf*. fjoternor of C»Ivi, vide toI. i. p, :i7b. 

at (laric ; M\e Argo was then at Legnom, for a Convoy: 

Iv b ilie truth, aud it raust j»iead my excuse for apparent 

If on opportunity offers, will you have tlie goodness 

k«md nif Mr. Charaock's ntlier book.* Do you vvat hear 

KiugHmill? If you write or see liini, remember me to 

• I diank you for your remeiiihrante of me to Simon 

West India affairs seem to look but black, but I hojwe 

at the worst, tuul that no more bloud will be shed 

Admiral Ford,* I am told, has made £'180,000 — what 

ifortnnc ! Remember mc most kindly to your sons, and all 

|tijt ^iily ; and believe me, with tlie sincerest affection, 

Ever yours most truly, 

HofiATio Nblsom. 


> U tlie Nelson Papeiii. It ie ilouliliVi] if tUi» lett«r was forwnrdi-d.] 

Vndo Bny, August .i'M, 1T05. 

My dear Sir, 

I return you vcrj' many tlianks for your kind letter, full of 
c«s, and for the enclosure from England, which I received at 
;6ne I was most exceedingly ill. But I am now quite reco- 
The Admiral, I have no doubt, will liave left I^ghoni 
you receive this letter, as Mr. Drake, who is now here, 
me tlie Fleet arrived on the ISlli. No doubt but the Nea- 
tlotiUa would have been of the greatest service here, as 
It Vessels of tliat description very much, but the season 
t ibnost past for tlieir acting. A few weeks more and they will 
f>t stay a night at sea to save an Empire. We are sorry to 
ear »ach very bad accounts from the Coast of Brittany,' but 
Dchow on shore we have never been successful for a conti- 
lutf thi."^ war. But 1 hope this Army will commence our 
ccc« by land ; there is a good man, and I verily believe a 
|o«kI General, at the head of it, but these Hedmontcse will not 

• VW -Admirnl of tbe Blue, John Ford, Commander in-Chirf at JunucK. 
' Tbfl ftulorc cf tbe Quiberon expeditiou, ia July of that year. 


do Uieir utmost to defend, or expel the Enemy from their < 
Couutrj', aud what good can be expected from acting for 
a set of people ? 

I hope the new Govenior of Leghorn is a change fori 
better: as he has been iii our sen ice and acting with u%j 
must kuoiv tlje disposition of die EngUsh. I beg you ' 
make my best respects to the Consul, aud 

Believe me your much obliged 

Horatio Nbuok. 

AtigiiM 2Tilt. I'li 

P.S. — I can add a Postscript worth a hundred such letli 
Yesterday, 1 went wiUi part of my Squadron to Ala!»i<to i 
LangueUa, i>laces in possession of the French Army» »l 
I did not take the Vessels loaded widi com, as ihts 
landed it, but 1 took one National Con elle, two small (tally's, 
one hu-ge Guu-buat, and six or seven other ^'essels, one til 
laden. Had I llie Flotilla, nothing should be on this Cc 
but the season is almost p«st for their acting. Pray make I 
best remembrances to Mr. Uduey. 1 almost despair of svd 
the Admiral here. 


Aiitogmiib drudglil, ui ihe NcImd Pt)>m.] 


Aganiemiwin, AliiH»ii>, Aiipi»( SOUi, 170). 

The French having taken jiossession of the Town and Coast 
of Alassio, 1 cannot but consider it as an Enemy's Coast; 
therefore, to prevent destruction to ihe Town, and to avoid the 
uunecessiiry eHlision of human blood, I desire the immediate 
sturendcr of your Vessel. If you do not com|)ly with my 
desire, the consequences must be with you and not with 
Your very humble Senant, 

Horatio Nelson. 




, ia tbe AdminlU' : pnMiolicJ in ilic I^ndon QiueUp, of Uctoliff fird, 
JIb aaaaroirtiitgC'npiuriNrlson's Dispntcli fo the Admimliy.AdHiiriJ Ilullioin 
pHt aSrrrlikr cundiict iipou llxin, nud, iudecd, 141011 ever}' otcottiuu wlivre 
ralM forth, reflecu upon him tlir lugbe»t crt>diu"] 

Aguiwmnoti, Vado Buy, Angnsi 27 ib, UD-^. 

received information from General de Vins, that a 
or of provisions and lunuiuuiuon was amved at Alas^sio, 
in possession of die French Array, 1 yesterday jiro- 
■riili ihe Ships named in the mai-giii' to that jilace, 
witldn an hour, we took the Vessels named in the en- 
Tiiere was but a very feeble opjMjsititni from some 
Binjr's cavalry, who fired on our boats after Boarding 
els near the short;, but 1 liave tlie phrasure to say no 
liwas killed or wounded. The Enemy had two thousand 
► aad foot Soldiers in the To\>ii, which prevented my land- 
id destn>yin^' tlu'ir magazines i>f piovisions and ammu- 
i sent Captain rrcniantle of the Inconstant, with tlie 
r, to I.anguelia, a Town on the west Bide of the Bay of 
io, where he executed my orders in tlic iiufst ofTieer-like 
er ; an<l I am indebted to every Captain and Officer of 
qnadron for their activity, but most puriicLdarly so to hieu- 
Ucorge Andrews, first Lieutenant of the Agamemnon, 
'bis spirited and officer-like conduct saved tlje French 
''eUe from going on shore. 

1 have the honour to be, Sir, 
With Ute highest respect. 

Your most obedient Servant 

Horatio Nelson. 

* lueontum, Meleager, SouUiunptou, TtrUr, Ariodue, Siieedy. 



Inclosure, No. 1 : — 

A list of Vessels taken by his Majesty's Squadron und 
Coiumaud of Horatio Nelson, Esquire, in the Ba) of , 
and Languelia, August 26tfaj 1795. 


LAAvMlve (Corraie) 

lA COMttttlliOB 

1* Vigi1anU< 
^'■mo uuknovn 

l4t (iiiilctin 
Nmiic unknown 

Nuuo ttukuowii 


ROW aiOttXD. 

Pokcc* Sbip J lUrown 

{ oTerboant 
Gnu-boiU . . ■ 

OtU<*y .... 

Hulley .... 
Brig, 100 tons . 
Biu-k, 70 tout . . 
Brig, lOil toils 
Ualley, .V* tous . 
Tumui. iid toti3 



Guns. S Mea. 

U) 4 

1 30 
4 2U 

C 4ft 



B*lL»t .... 
Powdrr Bnd SbeUa 
WinB .... 
BtUwt .... 
Wine .... 

I'owder .... 
Pro>isiou» . . . 

HoKATto N: 
Inclosure, No. 2: — 
Dimensions of the Resolve : 
Length from ilie after-part of the stem to the ^ i>t.iii«to 

le V 


fdie-pait (»f iln.' stem -post i 

K.vtri'ni<3 broiuith frou) outidde to outside . . 26 

Depth of the hold 11 

Feet. Inch. 
r» I . r * f 8 10 Ail. 

Draught Of water j^ 10 For^^ard. 

206 Tons. 

Guns on board: — Four uine-pouuders, iron; four biu 
swivels. Hove overboard — two twelve-pounders, four niiM 

Very well stowed. 

V«lo Bit, Aiifutl 58lh, ITIIJ. 




[Autognpti dnuighf, in ibe Nelson Papers. 

Agsnienuion, at Sen, Angual 2TU), 170)). 

Dear Sir, 

it is perfectly understood by the Genoese Republic tl»at 

of the Riviera in tlie possession of tlie French Array 

be considered, whilst they remain in it, as an Enemy's 

by the .\llied Powers, I thought it much better not 

anytliing about it in my Public Letter, for I do not 

there will be any represeutation from the deed I did 

ly, for not a boat or message came from the Tohti, 

my s*ay. On my approach, Genoese colours were 

on a small batit-ry of two brass guns, which I laid the 

nn within pistol-shot of. ITie French lined the beach, 

ijbeir colours at the head of their battAlious, but humanit> 

jr inhabitants would not allow me to fire on them. 

motives induced me to summons the Corvette to 

r, as our fire must have greatly injured the Town. 

Binous induced the crew to abandon her. Latterly tlic 

uiralr)' fired so hot on our Boats at the West end of 

[Town that I was obliged to order the Mclcagcr to fire a 

•iioC U> protect them, and I have reason to believe tlic 

saflered some loss, 

Ari:idne by the great zeal of Captain Flampiu to do 
I luring already taken the two small Gallies got on shore, 
Idle was got off witliout any damage ; bitt it reuu-ded our 
a little, and gave the Enemy an opportunity of 
more of their cargoes than I intended by our Boats 
iplnyed in assisting her. The Conette is the long 
ipolaccaShJp which kept close alongside tlie 8aus Culotte 
tbc IJkh of Jidy, and outsails us all. The Gallies and 
-boat I »hall sell to the Austrian General, or the King of 
if he will buy them. 
re only to conclude by saying that Mr. Drake, who 1 
• atVado, much ap])roved of my Expedition. The Me- 
rjoincd me on the 24di mth your letters, which I corn- 
ed tti the General. He was to set off last night to 



view die Enemy's ])0!«itiou, aud to return in about Jliree 
when pnjbably I slmll hear more of Ins iiiteutions of ] 
iiig to the westward. 

1 aiu, &c. 

IIoBATio Nei 


[OrigiuftI, in Ute Adminlir.] 


Agamemnon, Y«do Bst, Aagwt SOlli, If 

Having received information tliat a Ship loaded with 
pious had arrived at Oneglia, I yesterday afternoon 
the two small Gallics (taken on the 2(JtJi) with forty 
Ortieers and men from the Ajjaniemnon, and ten men 
longing to the Soulhauijitun, under the command of liea' 
George An<hvws and Lieutenant Peter Spicer," of the 
memnou, and t»rdered Lieutenant Andrews to proce 
Oneglia, and to endeavour to take the said Ship. On his 
down, about nine oVlock at night, lie fell in with thrce 
Vessels, with lateen sails, whicli he engaged at ten o'clock, 
of these was carried by boarding, the men belonging 
retiring to tlie others, and cut her adrift (the three Vessels 
made fast to each other.) At half-])ast ten, the attack on 
oilier two was renewed with the greatest spirit, but tlic numbe 
of men in the vessels was too great, imitcd with tlie height o 
the Vessels, for our force ; and my gallant Officei's and men, afte 
a long contest, were obliged to retreat; and it is widi the grcates! 
pain I have to render so long a list of killed and wounded. 

The spirited aud officer-like conduct of Lieutenants An 
drews and Spicer I cannot sutticicntly applaud ; and ever 
praise is due to each indindual for their exceeding bravery an< 
good conduct. 

I have the honour to be, &c., 

Horatio Nkwon. 

N.B. The ^'es8cls had no Colours hoisted, but a Greek FU 
has been found on board the Prize. 

* .VAenr«nls • Post-Cii|il)un. 



List of K.illep and Wounded. 
I ; mortally wounded, 3 ; womulctl, 7. 
nanies. — Mr. Tliomas Withoi-s,* Mate, wounded; 
[l^in T). Williauis, Miclsliiijuian, muitally womuledj 
A Gauible, -wouuded. 


; mortally wounded, none ; wounded, 3. 
-Killed, 4 ; inortally wounded, 3; wounded, 10. 

HoBATio Nei^son. 


' to \he fouewioa ottht Hououroble Mm. NewnLain Collin girood.] 

Vado B«v, Aug^URt ;ilst, 170». 
Icar Coll., 

»ot allow a Ship to leave me without a line for uiy old 

[*«o I sliall ri'joice to see ; hut I am afraid the Admiral 

5»*e nic that plcanure at ]iresent. You are so old a 

rancaii inaiutliat 1 can tell vou noUiini? new about the 

*y <^'oiiimand here is so far pleasant as it relieves 

*« Hiactivity uf our Fleet, which is jj^eat indeed, as 

. '**'• From the event of Spain making peace, 

'ii'd for, — perha])8 a war with that Conntrj' : 

ill no beltiT than when our Allies) wUl soon 




, y ^^P<>rLs here saVi they mean to protect Cienoese 

fr. '^ ''■""» search bv our Cruisers, in the Gulf of 

^*^ «»e uiuKcr will soon be brought to issue ; for I 

— jj, ^^'' fhVectiouR to search such Vessels, deiiyJn}^ 

k( g^ "^ •*>/«uiiai-<l lo dictate to us what Slni>s w*; shall 

'^''liX),. . • ^'^^ Genoese are gohig, it is said, to 

^pct,! "^'A pro^-isions to their Towns in the Riviera uf 

f'tfi/y*^'*" "^ **'0 French Army. However cruel it 

'lo/^./'"*'^® j>oor innocent people t)f provisions, yet 

'<//// "^ '* *** l»edone, for if tlic inhabitants have 

JCn^tny^ and therefore I have directed them 

**• «*»<^ « PoH C«i.Uiii. ill 184.1. 




[FroB Clarke uiil M'Aitljiir, vol. i. p. 2'3(t.] 

Viuln Day, Isl Scpii-intior. llftft. 

ihtre made a small Expedition \vith tlie Squadron, and 

a French Corvette and some other Vessels, in which 

[l lost no men ; but since, I have not been so successful. 

fd Mr. Andrews to cut off a Ship from Oneglia : on 

9, he fell in with three Turkish A^essels, as it has 

Ittreed mit, who killed and wounded seventeen of my poor 

Seven are already dead, and more must be lost by 

of their wounds ; and I am sorry to add> tliat the 

fgot into Genoa, with six millions of hard cash : how- 

, ibrT who play at bowls must expect rubs ; and the worse 

now, the better, I hope, another time. Our Fleet is 

|«t Leghorn. Colhngwood I hear is anivcd in the Excel- 

,7i, with the Convoy from England. I am almost afraid 

. ibe cain]iaign in this Coaiitry will end in a very different 

from what might have been expected ; but I will do 

until it huishcs. 

Yours, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

[Ongiiukl. in Uie possea^ioti of Mra. IHiviei.] 

AgKinemuun, nt Se>. Sfptfmlicr lltli, 1705. 

I'Deir Sir» 

I jut faroured by your letter of September Ist, by a Ship 
V'mIo. I wst'i induced to go to tlic westward for the 
I had the honour of writing you before I sailed, and, 
in, to make my own observations. I send you a copy 
I sliall give to General De Vins, which 1 hope you 
»ve. I trust ynu will give me credit that no idle 
ivc advantages are iu my view, but that my opinion is 
trom experience and knowledge of what my Squadron 

f General Oe Vins will not move to the westward, the fault 
not lay witli his Majesty's I'lect, who undertakes every- 
vhich cau be expected from it. 




I have no doiiht in my mind, but the whole French Army 
the eastward r>f St. Reuio would fall, or they must iustoal 
quit their strong works at St. Espirito, and retreat, if p>smM 
by the mountains; and Oneglia coidd be retaken wheriCTf 
the General thought prnjier to send a body of men which 
could laud close to it, and in a situation which would iiistan^ 
connnaml the Town. 

On the subject of the Genoese supplying their Town vh 
provisions, I will do myself tin* honour of writing you a scpi 
rale letter. 

1 have the honour to be, Sec. 

Horatio Nelson 

[From Clarke uid M'Artbnr, tuI. i. p. 2-20.] 

[Aboni Dth of Reripmlto.] 

Having been down the Ctmst to the westward, as far ( 
Nice, the following is the result of my observation ; and til 
service which I can undertake to perform with his Majesty" 
Squadron, should you, Sir, be inclined to think it right tog* 
Uj the westward of your present situation. 

I can embark ftnu or five thonsaud men, with their i 
and a few days' provisions, on board the Ships of the Squadrw 
and will engage to land tbeni within two miles of St. RenK 
with their field-pieces. It is necessary for me to p4nnt outlh 
necessity of ])o.ssps-siiig St. Itenio, aiul it.s siluatinn with respM 
to the sea ; as it is the only ijlace between Vado and Vill 
Franche, where the Squadron can lie in safety. The Town i 
situated in die middle of a small llay, where the SqnadrW 
can anchor in almost all winds : in some respect* it is as goo 
as Vado Bay ; in others, for the security of large Ships, it cef 
taiuly is not so. It has a iMole, where all small Vessels e 
lie and load and unload their cargoes: an advantage which Va« 
has not. Secondly, resjiecting provisions for the .\ustrian ArmJ 
T will luidertake to provide sufficient Convovs, that they shai 
arrive in saiety : and, thirdly, tlicre can be no doubt but 
embarkation of die Troops, should .such a measure prove nectt 
sary, might always be covered by the Squadron. 




■P- f>ngsession of St. Rcino, as Head-qiiarters for Magazines 
s and provisious, would enable General do \'ius to (urn 
ny to the eastward or westward ; the Enemy at Oneglia 
he cut off from pronsions, and a body of men oonld be 
to attack if, whenever it might be judged necessary, 
tnim the \icinity of St. Rcmo> would be conijiletely 

'led by sea; and the Biitish Fleet, twenty-three Sail of 

Ac Line, are now off" Toulon. 


[fnu • Copy, in tbo pu«<«MiiiMn of Hri. Dkvie*. TUu Luiet wu • r«ply to 
Omuii de Vitis' nnswer to the prcoeiling Memoir, ilali-il on iLe 14lli of September, 
■■•fcwiB till? Genmil suid, " I Imvc reci-iveJ with inm-li [ilcivfiire, your Mpmoir, am- 
(fmagta alLuk in tbe neigbbourhoivl of Hi. Itcnio, wliielt you have been pleased 
l> MUBoai^itte. You arc wrli uwnro tlial iii all puterprises it i-» uc?ct<sitry to 
ClMi<(> tbe ■iiv«tujige« that wonkl arvrue, if outlrely succ«H.«fbl, or uuly piirliiUly 
I l^: mi tUa the liiHad^aotoges that might arise, if it lenainnied niiHiiciiessfuIljr. 
' Tct My la tJui Mrmuir that tiic Bay of St. Keino ic equally good with Ibat of Vatlo. 
I J « Bnt • seaoui»i hut from the informotioti 1 have collected resjjeoting llie dilTvmit 
I aiWi^ olou),' the count of the Hivicra, I have been led to coiuludr, that VeHsels 
itf««maUi liie t'onJd uot a|<prritic<h St. Remo ueorer than at th« di«tiiucc of a niile, 
{■ IA*n«b(iui«i and Uiat even then they were exposed, wliiUt at uuchor, to every 
[^at thai Lions; wLerca.s, on the contrary, in V'ndo Buy, as we hnve it uii record, 
ifla Kagltiih Fleet, tindrr the ortler* of Admiral Matthews, pa.H.seit a grrout piirt of the 
'■tewthrre. dnring the yenra 174-') and 1710. In the Military Comniissiou that 
iHabnU at Mflau <>n the iiui of June 1704, it was said that the Allies ought to miilte 
BM^Tts Moslera of llie Road and Port of Vado, it being the only anchorage of the 
^hl% irlwre Ul Knglioll I'leet could remain during the- winter, uid prevent the 
^Ktf turn making any attempt on Italy; ei cependoiit Monakur le Cou- 
■akm Nei«on est ffiifntr6 qn'uuo portie de la Flottc piiiiue j pftssor I'hiver, 11 u'y 
tmeaa OMun aoijnel je ne lu'expo^erui avec plai<iir pour procnrtr dea alms asaiirea 
mTitrnim de S.M. Britounique." — Clarke and M'Arlhtir, vol. i. p. 2^0. J 

Agamemnon, Vado Bay, September 11th, 1705, 

■ Bin hononrcd with your Excellency's letter of this day's 
«Me. mv reason for the necessity of possessing St. Romo, wa.s 
iDl thai it was a l)Ctter anchorage than Vatlo, as I say the 
eqntnoy in my Observations, but that it i.s the best between 
Vido and Nice, and perfectly safe fur idl small Vessels. 

cannot, or do not, pretend to judge of the movements 
K.xceilcncy may tliiiik proper to make ; bnt I wished to 
you of the support and assistance it is in my power to 
>u n. G 


give you, and on which you may dfpead is anj 
making, for getting to Uie westward. 

I beg leave to transmit you a copy of Adoinl H« 
letter* U) inc of August lOdi, which I b«Eere ba 6U1 
one part of your letter. I beg leave to aamre yonr ] 
that I am ever ready to give you every aaritawcw in mj i 
and Uiat I am, 

With the greatest truth, your ExceUeocr'a 

Most faithfid ol>edient serrant, 

Horatio Nei-sotj. 

[From CUirke and M'Artbur, vol. i. p. 3SL] 

Vttdo Bay, lOtli ffijWfcn, II 
I um not, Funny, quite 8o well pleased aa I expected 
this Anny, which is slow beyond all description ; and I htffO 
to think, tliat the Emperor is anxious to touch anoUv 
miUions* of Kngiish money.* As for the German G» 
war U tlioir trade, and ]>cace h ruin to them ; therefore we 
cannot exj)ect that they Hhould have any wish to finish 
war. 1 have just made some propositions to the Ai 
General to sjiur him on, which I believe he would have 
full an well pleased had I omitted : in »horl, I can hi 
believe he means U) go any farilier thi.s winter. I am 

• Clarke and M'Artlmt (I. 227,) have giTon iIia ftill<jwiiig copy of Admind 
Uiiun'N \.rUvT t<» ('»|>««iii Ntflsmi, of Uie lOih uf AuKiist: — " 1 liare reeviTed 
lptl«r of liiit MUli, [tlik* [.niliT lias not lie(<u fjiiiut} iufbrming me ofOetumld* 
Vlu»' dralre, to liavo clear atisnrers to the pru|iiiHiiioiis Uieraiii «tat«4. To ibv flnb 
of wliichi vi». i • Will the Admiral relnni Co Vwio from l^gkoni V 1 answer, Ua- 
Mi1«ii> ; hut I rnllier tliiulc I hIiuII not tiHvo an n(iprirtitnit}- of returning ther«v 
owliiK to llip ini"lliK""iici' I have received from llie Adniindty, which rendet« 
tirvnrnoi' iiiiiiK'dinii'ly iit-crNKary in aTiotluir pUio«. To tbe Mooiid propoMtioBi 
■ Will llit< AdinlruJ buMkI, mid <.'ovcr tlic landing of from mx to teu lliousaud 
tLo t'oft«l of I'rtneiifH' ?' I MtiHWitr, Tlmi it will not b« iu my power »o 
nnrounl of tlif KInot lirliig reqiiirud fur niiotlii>r xerrice, an stMrd in tbe 
amwiir. To Uin third propuiiiiou, vlti., 'Will the Admii-aJ undertake in firvTent Uii 
Toiiliin t1v«t fW'in nioUoliug my <ipt?ratioii» ?' I anawor. Yes, moat ocrtainly." 

* Uy a *'unNciiliiiu itiguod at Vienna, nu the -llli of .May, )7I1C), between Uic King 
of Orcat Hritain and the i;m|>eror, it nan n^Toed that 4,(IOO,iX)0/. iihnuld be raiacd 
in Knirlanil mi aevuniu of hiN Imperial Miyesly, who cupa^ed to Binploy in hia dif- 
fcrcnl Ainilca iu ibit oantpaign of thin year, at least SOO.rKK) effectlrc men. 




mU, on my way to Geuoa, to consult witli our Minister 
on the jnactinty of the Aujstrians ; and he must take. »ome 
Mpto urge tliese pcoplo fonvard. The small Flotilla from 
Nipleft has ju«t joined ; but tlic season i» almost too late for 
Ihdr acting^. However, if they will act, I can find them plenty 
of : ' i(?nt; thouKh I doubt tlieir inclination. I hope 
&.; iivr in as well as 1 sincerely pray he may be. 

Yours, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 


{From CItfke uul M'Artliiir, toI. i. p. J31.] 

Genoa Mole, ITtL Septrmber, 1705. 
Jmr Excellency having doubdess suggested a nuich better 
than tlie debarkation of the Troops at St. Ilemo, which, I 
take the liberty of reminding you, was mentioned as tlic 
place pro]>er for landing stores and provisions: if you 
have tlie goodness to let mo know the time, and ilie 
l»er t)f Troops ready to embark, I will immediately disp.itch 
to Admiral Uotljam, to request he will order a sufficient 
of Transports ; which, if at Corsica, I am sure ho will 
tly do, and I tniftt that your Excellency's plan would bo 
iftil in it« fiUlest extent. Your Excellency will see by 
idoiiral's letter of August 19th, of which I had die honour 
you a copy, that the Admiral insures you from any 
m in your operations by the French Fleet. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

[From Ciuke nnd M'Artliiir, vol. i. p. '-.'31.] 

OtB««. 17lli September, 170A. 

li*TO yesterday morning for the purpose of commu- 
witli his Majesty's Minister* on several ver}' important 

tUw L^iii of SviiiL-iuber, Mr. Dnke wrote to Ch|)1iuu Nelson : "Geiiend de 
■bout liic Coun oi Tuiiu Lnviug lUAde Feitcc b a mere pretext : to 




points, and, amongst others, on tlic appearance of the il 
tinly of the Austrian General de Vins, who, at ray first cob 
on tins station, seemed ver)- anxious to get to Nice ; and in^ 
I liad very litde doubts as to the acconiplishuient of it. 
ever, week after week has passed, without his Anny hi 
removed one foot to the westward of where I found tlietn. 
know, Sir, his desire to have answers to three questions I 
the honour to send you — which yuu gave him; and, in 1 
last, you declared, that the French Fleet shotdd not molestl 
operations : this answer was certaiidy all he could have wi« 
As 1 perceived that every idea of an attack on the EneB 
works at St. Espirito was given over, I proceeded downl 
Coast to the wcstiyaid as far as Nice, and tlie only 
where I found it i>rat'lieal»lc to land the Troo])s, was near! 
Remu, a Genoese Town in posses>sion of the French tro 
except the CitadcL Yuu will see, the General's answer tol 
letter goes totally wide from what I cnuld have meant, 
had for some time aiipearod lo me that the General inteiiij 
to go no farther tiiau his present position, and meant to] 
the miscaniage of die enteqirise against Nice, which I! 
always been taught to believe was the great object of.l 
Army, to the non-cooperation of the British Fleet and 
Sardinian Army j to leave the CJeneral no room to insinl 
such A want ou our part, has been tlie <jbject of my Mei 
which I hope you will apjirove. In enneert with Mr. 
I hav e written this day lo the General. If his answer shfl 
be the desire, ivf Transports, 1 think we bai. e them — a pa 
of twenty -four hours is the outside ; but I suspect he will i 
find otlier excuses, and wi-rc you to giant the whole Fleet^ 
Transports, I verily believe some excuse would be fo 
This, Sir, is my public opinion, and which I wish not lo 
ceal : happy shall I be to find myself mistaken, and with' 
ardour would I give the General every support, should sue 
favourable change take place. I am, &c. 

Horatio NelsoiH 

P.S. — I have just received the General's answer to 

leiivp liiin no lonp licil<», I have written to Inm to-day, tn ASrstiTe Lim formallyi 
ministerialljr. iJmi it in lint true ; and you urc fiiJIy itt liberty to repeat to ibej 
Getifiiil, in ilie strongest miuincr, these iiHMiimiicf^ from me." 

1st. 38.] 



Irtirt written iii concert niili Mr. Drake. As I know not the 
fSacc nf debarkation, I cannot say anything about it; but be- 
is between Nice and tlic Var, where the Country people 
^ - a rer been subjected to the French; and it is expected 
fay win iMkc the batteries on the Coast, ami liold them until 
t Ujuling is effected. If tlie General is in earnest, which I 
«11 doubt, I have no fear for tlie success, and wc shall yet 
kirc VTlle Franche. 


[Antograph, in the posscMiion of Jolm SuUock, Esq.] 

Agunpmnou, Cienoa Wole, B»ptemb«r IHili, 1705. 
My dwiT Sir, 

1)c occasion of the luconslant's having been fired upon by 
I Batter)', as reported to the Officer commanding the Aga- 
aon in my absence, by the Captain of the Port, is as 
T% : — 

when 1 cajne in I was told that no otlier Ship of War 

enl«»r the Port, to wliicli I said, none other was coming 

R that the first gun was only with powder, and as she still 

in, the other was with siiot tired aliead of her, and tliat 

lieqaested I would make a signal for the Ships not to enter 

I Port. Ilavinq: said this, he went on shore. The Incon- 

i wanted [to have communication with me*J therefore stood 

the Agamemnon. This can hardly be called 

Btng Into port — at least, we do not understand it so. 

bcse are the facts as stated to me. I should like to know 

thing, on which must hinge the propriety or ini])ropricty, 

Flhe conduct of [the] Kepublic : Would the Kepiiblic, in 

iQUiution of danger whatever, admit more tliau five Ships 

Jc the Mole-head? If djey answer 'No,' I have but 

'jto Ray ; but if tJiey an.swer ' Ves,' hoAv could tlicy tell 

Inconstant was not necessitated from some cause to 

I for a Port ? No inquiries were made, but the first notice 

ishot — to say, whatever may be yoiiv di.stres.s, you shall not 

here, or find ]irotection in Genoa Mole. [Much more*] 

r niigiiul being luni !u lliene ]ilHce>), Uie Imuiup are anppUed fltim ibe cop} 
»l* ittt M'ArUtttr. vol. i. p. 'i^'i. 



might be said, but I am sure you will do what is right, 
demanding an explanation may one day sene our tarn by ! 
answer they may give. 

If I was to chase a Frencli Ship of War, and she went I 
Genoa Mole, at a time when there were more than five 
the Mole, and they did not firo on her, and turn 
I would inntantly attack her ou their own reasontDg, *] 
will protect five, and no more.' 


[From Clarke uui M'Artliur, to), i. p. 23-L] 

September 2O1I1, r 

I have had a meeting with General dc \va» this m* 
who informed me, that yesterday his Troops carried a F 
the Enemy in tlie ceuti-e of the moimtain St. Espirito, 
that tlie Au8trians are now vrithiu half musket- shot of somtt 
other point, which, if possible, he means to attack : he is going 
to the advanced post himself. Tlie General also told mc, thai 
the moment he knows the Transports are ready, he will head 
the Troops, and has no doubt of being successful. — Four 0* 
five thousand peasantry are ready tu take a batter>' of eigbl 
gtms, where the landing is to be efTcclcd : for such a short 
voyage, a few Ships will carry the men ; and if the Dolphin is 
at hand, or tlic Camel cleared, they would take a great uumbec 
1 hope, Sir, the General will be left without any excuse 

I urn, &c. 



[From Clnrke luid M'ArUiur. toI. i. p. 294.] 

8«Iit«niber ^Isl, 1' 

1 have been, in concert wiUi his Majesty's Minister, ve.^ 

hard at work in pushing the Austrian General forward ; and 

yesterday morning got them to make an attack, that has been 

successful, and tliey have carried the centre Post, on the ridg< 



itaios occupied by the French Troops. The Action 

ten hours, and ti' the General will carry one other point, 

gain ihirly-tlirec miles of Country. Another plan is 

I, which, if the Admiral will give me Trausporta to 

A certain niunbcr of Troops, will astonish the French, 

ipii the English. The General, if he con be brouglit 

is an Oihc-er of great abilities ; but tlie politics of his 

so coostantly tie his hands, that he cannot always do 

, be thinks proper. However, if the Army does not move, 

' Ifinuter, who is fixed at Head-quarters, will endeavour to 

the remainder of the Emperor's loan — say gift: this 

lll'powerful motive with a German Court, and for which 

I fires of their Subjects arc held in no estimation : I am be- 
^politieian, almost lit to enter the Diplomatic line. 

94tb. — Iamja«;t arrived at Leghorn, and have 
lired a most honourable testimony of my conduct, which 
transmitted from the Austrian Genera] to our Minis- 
has not, indeed, been in my power to perform much j 

I I have done all I could to serve the Cause. 

Yours, &c. 

UoRATio Nelson. 


[Autognpli, in tlie Miuto ra{ieni.] 

AKmMDaoii, Leghorn, 8qit«mb«r 24ih, t ?».'>. 

My dear Sir, 

The news I can tell you is very Httle. Tlie General seemed 

•? eTicuses for his not going on, apparently to mc very 

and I am sure it was his intention to have laid part 

^hime of the want of success in this campaign to the 

(.•••operation of the British Fleet ; and as it was, he said, 

iKwable to force tlic Enemy's works at St. Esprit, he seemed 

touch iucliueil to rest for the winter at Vado. However, 

him without ati excase on my part, I went down the 

Fto tho westward, us fur as Nice, and soimded and ex- 

* Vld« p. 69, po>t. 




amined every Port. On my return, 1 offered to carry fire 
thousand men at one time, and to land them, bag and bag- 
gage, with tlicir field-pieces, and to ensure their safe Convoys 
of provisions. This would have cut off all supplies for the 
Enemy to the Eastward, and they must, in my opinion, have 
abandoned their stupendous works at St. Esprit. To this 
paper the Gcueral gave me anotlier plan, which he thought 
woidd be better j but as this requires a small degree of assist- 
ance from Admiral llotham, it cannot be carried into execu- 
tion till I hear from the Admiral. 1 only want Transports, and 
if he gave me one Seventy-four, I verily believe we shall yet 
possess Nice. Mr. Drake }>erhaps tells you how we are obliged 
to mancEuvre about the f Jeneral, but the politics of Courts are, 
m}' dear Sir, (I sec,) so iiieau, that jnivate people would bt- 
ashamed to act in the sauie way : all is trick and finesse, to 
which is sacrificed the Cummou Cause. 

The General wants a li>o]i-luile, but I hope he will not have 
one ; he .shall not, if 1 can help it, for I want Ville Francbe 
for a good anchorage this winter. From what motives 1 don't 
know, — I hope, from a good one, — the General sent orders to 
attack the Enemy's strougesit post at St. Esprit. After so 
attack of ten hours, it was canied. Tlic General seems 
pleased, and says, if be can cam' one other, the Enemy must 
retire, which would give us the Country as far as Oueglia- 
Then comes another objection, which 1 am ])reparing against— 
viz., he will say I cannot hold an extent of Sea-coast of forty 
miles. I must give up Vado, for die Euemy at Oiiuea are on 
ray left flank, aud the Piedniontese will not attack them ; hoff- 
ever, time and opportunity may do mudi. 

Mr. Drake has just received his appointment to reside at 
tlie ilcad-quarters of the Austrian Army. I rejoice at it- The 
loss of the Austrians in the last attack was 1000 killed and 
wounded. The Austrians have a battery of six -.24 -pounders in 
the centre of tlie Enemy's posts. 1 send over nine men for 
Colonel Smith's corps, which I entered for him at Genoa and 
Vado. 1 have on board, for tlieir passage to Leghorn, ihree 
Officers of Dillon's, who have been obhged t<i leave Genoa. 
It gives uie pain to hear such bad accounts of tlie behaviour of 
many of the Corsicaus. What tliey can mean, is impossible 
for me to guess, unless Erench gold has found its way amongst 



of their Chiefs; but I hope tijcy will )ct he quiet, and 
iger troublesome to your Atluniiistration, which has done 
.'h for thorn. 1 beg my best coniphmeuts to Governor 
and believe me, dear Sir, 

Most faithfully yours, 

Horatio Nelson. 


[Au(ogi«pb, ia Uie Kelson Paperai] 

Lcgborn, September 2flili, 1709. 
rear Father, 
this moment receiving tlie pleasure of your letter of 
imbor 3rd, and shoidd be gtad, did circumstances so turn 
that 1 could get to England in the Agamemnon, for in no 
oher way can 1 get liume with honour or propriety ; and I 
say, except the being at home, I know of no Country 
asant to serve in as this, «>r wlicre my hcdth is so good, 
command at ^'ado is honorary though expensive, for all 
ers only consider our rank and not our pay. I have 
Sitti»fartion to have received the handsomest testimony of 
net, and as I know you will partake with nie that salisfactiou, 
Mtifiyou a copy of the Mhiister's Note to the Admiral — viz., 
^jcannot in justice to llic abilities, judgment, and activity of 
^Main Nelson, omit mentioning to your Kxcellency, the 
^K high opinion in which that Oflicer is held by General de 
^■S* and the other Austrian General-Officers ; and I have 
Waghl it my duty to transmit to his Majesty's Ministers at 

tne this handsome testimony which our Allies btiar to the 
and good conduct of that Olficer, whom your Excellency 
pleased to select to command the Squadron co-operating 
ihcm. This unprejudiced testimony is no less flattering 
to CajJtiiin Nelson tlian to yi)ur Excellency's discenmient in 
Wing made choice of him for this service.' 

have nothing to write about but myself, for none else 

ipts to do anyUiing. If our plan can be carried into 

11, we shall take Nice, but much must be left to 

: the plan well laid is most likely, but ne\'er certain, of 

. 1 came in here four days past and am now luider 

for Vado. Our J'leet has arrived at Corsica from a 



cruize ofl' Toulon, where they permitted six Sail of the 
aiid eight Frigates to escape out of Toulon/ and I 
tlicy have left the Mediterranean. Having talked of] 
I have nothing more to add, except that Admiral He 
is just going to send six Sail of the Line after tlie Fr 
Ships escaped from Toulon/ and supposed to be goi 
the West Indies. Josiah is well, never ill. Hosto^ 
almost recovered his broken leg.' Parted with Frank*| 
drunkenness, and when so, mad : never will keep a dr 
another hour. Agamemnon almost worn out, must goi 
sliortly. With best love to my wife, believe me 
Your most aflectiouate and dutifid Son, 


I was not much surprised to hear of Mr, Ravcn^s de 
turc, but very much of poor Edmund Rolfe.* 


[From Clarke aiid M'ArtLnr, »ol. i. p.2;3a.] 


Ist Oetotar. 11 

The Enemy's Gun^boats having very much aiiuoyed tbf 
Austrian Camp, near Loano, I must desire that you «ill, unti 
further orders, consider the preventing of tliese Boats from to 

* VtAift Rear-AdinirAl Riclif ry. 

* ionn tmjr {.Nmni /fi»inry, Tol. i. ]i. Q7.3,) iliat Aduunl liotluin ItenN uTtk 
BMipe of ILp Freucli Sqiiiulnni t>y A Cnri«l, on th« 'i'ind of Si<iplemb«r ; and dial 
WM not uiitil tlie niL of Uoto)K-r iliat lie decacked Itenr Admirml Miui. wiUi six 8( 
of tile Line, after ibem. 

* Mr. rioHlu broku hiii \eg on boKrd of one of the Vessels tnkra out of Alusi* < 
Ut« 'JTth of AoguM, by fiilliug dovtt the (trutile. He gvn m Uamatom »Bom 
of die accident in a letter to lli^ brother, on the Hth of September, wlntein I 
Maid — " C'a|iiniu Kolsou often onmes ilowu to sec me. and tella me to gvt vmy 
tiling I want fiom him." — Mein»ir$ uf Sir WiUlnm Ifnsff. vol. i. |i ih 

' Frank Lefiee, his old tiorriuit. Frank L<'j>f'<? was frequently nientioued in Mi 
NeUon'.s leilern to her ho-sband ; and it np^wam from her letter of Uie lOih « 
I>eocmber, 17l)-l, Lliat be hml fallen into di.sgra(.'e : — "Poor Fnuik ! I o' 
I WHM afraid Koniething wa.s Uie matter — that he whs not fto good as formeriy; I i 
wry oorrj ihiu lie i<i in so dciilornble a way ; 1 liojie he ncrer is with yon ; yvn nw] 
Iw aWe lo get liim in Greenwich HospitaJ. You arc »nre of Captain Locker.' 

* Hio flnt tioiuin, wa of the £evei«Dd Uobert Bolfe bj AlioeNelBOS, vide voL L 
p. 1«. 



the Austrian Camp, as Uie greatest and only service 
I at present iri.<ih you to perfonn ; and I hope, from tlie 
LtHach the Officers of the King of Naples have always 
, duU rou will soon iind an opportunity of attacking and 
the«c Qitn -boats. 

can spare any of the Feluccas from this service, I 
glad to have two of them stationed between ^'ado and 
to prevent the Enemy's row-boats, from Genoa, mo- 
; the Veuels with proririons for the Anny at Vado. 

I am, kc. 

Horatio Nelson. 



[Trotn CUrk« uui M'Artlmr. vol. 1. p. 'iOC] 

Vado Buy, October .■iUi. 179!). 
has occurred, nuce I wrote last, except tlie sailing 
ich Squadron from Genoa. As soon as they knew of 
ice, they made a push, and I fear are all got ofll 
of our Frigat«'9 were seen firing at them ; but 1 have not 
i"Ctfttii>n of their success. It wius a near touch, for I 
:k the next morning, after tliey had uailcd on the pre- 
Bg evening. I am vexed and disappointed ; but the best 
I »cbenics, if obliged to be trusted to otlicrs, will sometimes 
1 must submit, and hope for better luck another time : 
I ft Squadron of French Sliips would have so graced my 
Bph ! In the opinion of the Genoese, my Squadron is 
wtl} utfcu(Ui)g : »o that it almost a])pears a trial between 
shall first be tired, they of complaining, or me of an- 
(heu). liowevor, my mind is fixed ; and nothing they 
will make mo alter my conduct towards them. 
Armies are very close to the French, every hour I expect 
them ; as the General, from some cause or other, 
now seem to be in the humour to begin the 
-1 have just received a very aflectionate letter from hia 
fc^al Highness the Duke of Clarence,* and he apjfcars to 
Wwabw our hmg Jicquaintance wiih much Katisfaction : one 
of lot cxpressioiis is, ' I never part with a letter of yours, they 

• Vide p. tt7. 



arc to nie highly valuable.' He finds me nualtcrablo, whk 
fancy he has not always done in tl>oso he has honoured ' 

Yours, &.C., 

HotlATiO Ni 


[From "Tlie Allieiin'iiiii." Tin! Agwneronon wm *cnt to reconuoitit 
La conipaDT wilh the Flom, lowftnlt tlip end of Orlober, hut she returned I 
station offVado corlj iu tlie following moulli.] 

Againemuon, off Mnrxeillcs, October Sitb, I 

My dear Sir, 

Allhniigb I seldom have the pleasiu-e of hearing inira 
from yourself, yet Mrs. Nelson never fails of telling uic of your 
health, ilie goodnes.s of wliicli, she well knows, gfives me rail 

The campaign of our Allies, the Austiians and Picdmi 
is, I sujipose, almost over, not tliat 1 am in the secret w 
commenced. 3fy siUiatton witli this Army has convinced' 
by ocular demonstration, of the futility of Continental AUi 
The conduct of the Court of Vienna, whatever may l>e saidW 
the House <tf ConimoTis to the ctnitniry, is nothing but deccp' 
tion : I am certixin, if it .iippears to that Court to be their inlewil 
to make j>i'ace wiili France, it uill be instanUy done. Wliati* 
Austria better than Prussia, nr rice rersd '/ — in one res|»Wt| 
Pmssia perhaps may be better ihau Austria: the moment he 
got our money he fuusherl the farce. Austria, 1 fear, may Jn* 
duce us to gi\ e her more, for to a certainty she will not canj 
on another campaign without more money ; but it appears W 
me that the continuance or cessation of ihe war depends en' 
tirely on the French Nation themselves : it will now be sectt 
whether they are \vilUng to receive and join the Count d'Aftok 
and have Royalty ; or if they opjiase him, that they are detcr-i 
mined to be a Keimblie. If the lirst, at this moment of writing 
all must be nearly finished : if they destroy the Kmigrantl 
landed at Charentc, it is clear the French Nation wish to he II 
Ilepublic ; and the best thing we can do, is to raalie the bc»l 
and rpiickest peace we can : tlic landing the Emigrants is oOl 
last trial ; and if that fail, wc have done our utmost to place 



f upon the Tlirone. To me, I own, all Frenchmen are 

1 ilcftpise them all. They are (even those who are fed 

kJalse and treacherous: even IjOuis XVIII. receives our 

and will not follow our advice, and keep up tlie dignity 

King of France at Verona. 

'^ih her wings and long tongue, has proclaimed that 
i , of course, riches arc imagined,) have fallen most 
iiiiy on the Agamemnon. 1 wish I could tell you it is 
!9 if the Golden Fleece is condemned, wliich I very much 
from tlic nnmher who share for her — nine of us, — if I 
5 or 000 potmds, what a valuahle prize she must be ! 
'4idien, although pretty numerous, are scaicely anything; 
[I assure you, tliat if, at the conclusion of the war, T save 
pay f«»r the Aj^amemnon, I shall feel myself extremely for- 
Evciythiiig is by comparison : except one or two 
of Battle Ships, we arc the only one who has got a 
id ; and they must, fi'om the exjicuses of a Fleet, have spent 
le fortune — so far 1 feci highly fortunate. 
An the Annies are quiet, the Admiral has given me directions 
-T the French Fleet at Toulon (whilst he lies quiet in 
' ; ' lads) ; and as 1 know of no person so active as 
f, here 1 am with one Frigate oft* Marseilles — not a Vessel 
1^ «ecu ; but l)efore 1 close my letter I hope to say we have 

Bctnember tne most kindly to Mrs. Suckling, Miss Suckling, 
every part of the family. Is Captain Suckling still on the 

(.'oiiuoeDt f Niivember '.'ud,' 

|Xo8access, although I have been indefatigable. The sea- 
i have all deserted Uie Ships in Toulon, therefore as a Fleet, 
cannot come to sea again. In Franco they had a verj- 
'lHaTCJ<it, and bread is by no means dear or scarce. The 
Vessels now fill Marseilles witli every comfort and 
Peace, I believe, will yet be with us before next 
Jitesn' ; at least I hope so, if it can be had on honourable 
UmuL Believe mc 

Your most obliged and affectionate Nephew, 

Horatio Nfxson. 

^lUMoon, " F.Mt Knd of tltf IkIi! of LfTuit, luiiW Tuiilon.) N.W. \ W. ais 



[From " The AllienaBum." The AdibrsB of this L«tt«r la not ^ 

Agjunemuon, Vtdo Bty, Nwember Otli« IT 
Dear Sir, 

I have just received your letter of September 29th, and K| 
bo 0]>en and sincere in niv declaration, that I will not attem 
to come into Parliament* but in supjwrt of the real AVliig ii 
terest — I mean the Portland interest ; and I nnist know di 
those piinciples are tnily acceptable to that party which yi 
conceive would give me its support. 

My pretensions are only a long aeries of senices perfbivi 

for ray Country; and if that pai-t of my Country whoiM 

lionour me Avidi their confidenciv in Pai"liament, think roe ( 

eligible person to scne tlieni in (he House of Commons, tl 

same zeal shall manifest itself there as it has done so repeated 

in their scnice in Action against the French. I have only 

say, that I have been more lluui one hundred times actiul 

engaged in Batde, at sea and on shore, against the French, sb 

the commencement of this war, and tliat I have been twii 

wounded. If these geutlenien are Balisfied, the Duke of Pen 

land must be apjilied to, through Lord Walpole and Lwi 

Walpole ; for although I have so often Roeu the French shot,y 

tndy T have seen little of their money. I can have no doubt 

Lord Hood's good wishes to serve me, and I will wTite to bii 

on the subject; nor mil Admiral Corawallis, I am confidfiil 

withhold his assistance. Ltn-d Cunway* is my friend and a 

quainta.nce, and a more honourable man, I am confident, da 

not gi'ace the Navy of England ; therefore, if I am joined wii 

him, the same Admiralty iiiU'rest will su]>]iort us both. If 

is necessary that I should be in England, the Duke of Por 

land must make application for the Agamemnon to be orden 

home : but I should bopt' that, being now actually in the mo 

active sen'ice in the MediteiTanean, it will not be necessar 

(for I should not nmch like a land voyage,) tlierefore, if it 

necessary, I should hope Agamemnon will be ordered home* 

♦ Notliing mnnr ii knoira of the propoaiiion to bruig Nolaon into PnrliniDOat: I 
nover mt in the Hou«o of Commons. 

• VifcAdmif- ■ '■>gh Seymour Conwny, viAe vol. i. p. 3!ia. 




my dear Sir, T have been plain, and cannot well be 
lerstood. Believe me ever, 

Your most obliged, bumble servant, 

Hon ATI o Nelson. 

CProm Clvfee and M'ArtLnr, toI. i. p. 29fl.] 


AguuemuoB, Vado Bty, Tib NovflolxT, ITO>'i. 

: I was honoured last night with yoiu" letter of yesterday's 
me, I hope every General Officer in the Array will give me 
ptd it Ibr my desire of doing whatever is in my power to ren- 
Hliem assistance. I will immediately order a Frigate and 
^Rig to cmifie off Cape Noli, in order to beep these Giin- 
IwiWi in some check ; but the Cajitains of the Ships who have 
uu'hored nff Pietra declare to me, that it is impossible to lie 
duin; in tlic least swoU, as it is a qnieksand ; and tlie Fngate 
*nd Brig were with diflicidty saved, when there a few days 

hdeed, Sir, though I shall order the Ships oil" Noli, as you 
iNiD to wish it, yet I must apprise you, that the first strong 
off the land may drive them to sea, and that the same 
w fiivnnrable to die Enemy's Gun-boat's; aiid I am sorry 
re, that Longuelia and Alaasio are good places to ride 
cbor in, when the same wind would drive any Vessel on 
rhich luay be at Pietra. Tlie moment I hear of an 
It, you may be assured 1 shall come round in the Aga- 
lOD, and render you every assistance in my power. I 
tbe Neapolitan G allies would ever keep in Vado Bay, 
•lien they would be nearer to you, but Uiey are always iu 
<„, - >f olr. I truly lament his Excellency General De Vins' 
. of healUi, and 1 beg leave to send my sincere wishes 
iw ins speedy recovery. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 




[From a Copy, in ibe {Kiiisessiun of Mrt. Oariea.] 

Agnmemnoa, Vado Buj, NoT«inber ^Ih. 11 

As you ai'c in expectation of a general attack by iIk- Fi 
and tliat the Eiiciuy's Gun-boats may be very truublesouji 
coming on your Hank, and as I hold my Siiips in nioini'ottfj' 
readiness to conic to your assistance, 1 beg leave to siiggcj;! » 
the quickest means of my knomng of the attack, dmt Mgmk 
by guns (if jiossible) may be established from Pietra lu ik 
Fort in Vado, 

You nuay rest assured that tlie moment I know of the attftd 
that a very short time shall cany llic Agamemnon and evtay 
Vessel I can collect to Pietra ; for belie\e me, I have tlicmort 
sincere disposition to co-operate with your Excellency in Oit 
destnictiou of our Eneinies, and that I am, witli the higlieiC 
respect and esteem, 

Your Excellency's 

Most Obedient Senant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

[Fr«in Clarke and M'Anlutr, voL !. p. 397.] 

Agauicmiion, VnJo Bay, l2Ui NuT«ittlier, ITUl 

My dear Sir, 
I was only yesterday favoured with yours of the 5th, encIo*> 
ing a Bulletin relative to the Coast near St. Remo. 1 bat 
yesterday nioniing a letter from General de Vins, informing 
me tliat Uie Tartans were wiilidrawn from Borghetto, and tlial 
he thinks his position too strong for the French to sueceed i 
any att^ick they may make. Nothing, I am sure you mil bo 
lieve, will be wanting on the i>art of my Squadron, to cover Um 
General's flank by sea, I liave requested the General to eslt 
blish signals by ginis, when I should be with him, before thi 
got well wann in tlie attack. Flora and n Brig are now cruis 
ing off Noli and I*ietra ; but I fear they may be blown off th 
Coast, llie weather is so severe, that eitlier the French or 
Austrians u ^ hills ; and as Konie Auiitrian soldieia 



died with Uic cold on tlieir posts, tlie Enemy cannot be 

comfortable. A few days must, I think, give a turn to 

e of affairs. Kellennan, I understand, visits eveiy post 

in twenty-four hours, and says everything to encourage 

idient. Last night brought a roport, that the French 

ei"s from Genoa had landod at A'ttltri, and taken money 

udier effects belonging to tin; Au.'.lriuns. li lliis account 

, it mitst alter the system of Genoese neutnUity : j)ray, 

e sometliing about it : you must of course be infonned of 

circumstance, or know it to be a fabrication. 1 am un- 

:, and intend, if the weather he ttjlerable, to go to- 

to Pietra for a few hours, to \\ny my respects to Gene- 

Vios, who has been very ill. 

say, and I believe it is true, that Adunral Ilothani 

"nis Flag and given up the connnanil, as also Admiral 

; and that Sir Hyde Parker commands the Fleet imtil 

John Jenis's arrival. Captain Fi-eck'rick'^ has hoisted a 

juishing Pendant, and commands the third Division of 

lie Fleet. Tliis cannot, my dear Sir, but make me feel, that 

,lain tlie first Officer commanding a Squadron, destined to 

I co-opfTatc with the Austrians and Sardinians, who has been 

I 'iihout a Distinguishing Pendant : most have had a Broad 

t,* but that I neidier expected, nor wished for; yet I 

, ^ 1 have had the pleasure to give satisfaction to our 

ADiM, that the Ministry, if you thought proper to represent it, 

1(1 order tne a DLstinguisliing Pendant from my having 

command, or some other mark of their favour. Pray excuse 

pari of tny letter : I am assured you will do what is right 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

I Nelsoa whm i1i«u wtiliin seveu of the top at llie Lint ot Post Capl«in<i, 
of CftptMiii Tboina'4 l^iiox FreJerick stood in'xt liylow Lis owu. 
on itic kiibject uf l-'lujpt, ni<itin)7niH|iiii!f PentluiiU. &f., lU ilio oiul of 
iMib(ir<|ntai Volumv. Nvlaoa did uot oktiuii lii^ wi-ili until ilti- fullowing 

)U II, 






[AatograpU, in the po8seǤion of John Luxford, Esq.] 
Gentlemen, A^anipmnou, V»do Day, November liili, K(W. 

You will berewiUi receive Jepositions relative to the taking 
a Ship laden with com, bound to a place occupied by the 
Armies of France or to France. If it is ncccssarj', you will send 
these papers to England, but really I see but little a Court of 
Admiralty has to decide upon. The confiscation of the cargo 
docs not depend on ))rciving it the jiroperty of our Enemies, 
but by a mutual agreement between the Genoese Government, 
the English Minister at Genoa, and the Austrian General, 
that all com necessary for tlie use of the inhabitants of the 
Republic should be allowed to pass without molestation, it 
being certified by the Genoese Secretaty of State, the English 
Minister giving a passport, and also the Austrian General, — ^all 
other cargoes were t<j be considered as liable to confiscation. 
All the com for the use of tlie inhabitants has been passed 
for two months witli the proper papers, therefore I beg you to 
consider what is proper to be done in tliis case. From what is 
the Court of Admiralty to judge .' — the freight is to be paid by 
an order on the French Com-agcnt at Genoa, the house of 
Gheraldi ; probably the cargo will not be claimed, but if 
it is, our Proctor must have proper notice how matters stand 
here. Tlie Austrians sell instantly, and share the money ; our 
poor sailors are kept a long time out of their money. Is tliero 
no Court of Admiralty establisjied in Corsica? England Ls a 
great way ofl": Iiowcvlt, I trust you will be as expeditious as 
possible ; the corn being liable to be si>oilc J, I had it surveyed, 
and have [illegihie'] it paid tlie Master liis freight, and shall 
liberate the \'essi"l so soon as the cargo is delivered. Her 
damages, occasioned by our heavy fire on her, in consequence 
of her miming awny fnnn us, I shall not malce good ; the Cap- 
tain brought it on hiiusclf. I have only to hope you will do 
the best, and am Your very humble servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

Mr, Thomas Fellows has a great deal of trouble in seeing 
the cargo delivered, for which I conceive he ought to be 
allowed something out of the five per cent, agency. 

r, 870 



[Fr<'ni ft Cupy i» tin? Stan* I'nrcr Office.] 
SJf .SgivniFDiuou, Genoa Mole, November l.JiL, 179^. 

Aa Sir Hyde Parker is sailed from Leghorn with the Fleet, 
I thick it my duty to ucquHiiU yoii, for their Lordships' in- 
formalioD, of the situation of affairs connected with my com- 
mand on this Coast. The situation of the French Army 
&om Borghettii Point along the Mountains of St. Esprit, is 
almost impregnable, their numbers amounting to full 28,000 
men. The Austrian Army is likewise possessed of such 
as to render an attack on them by the French (as 
ral De Vins tells me) impracticable, and almost without 

possibility of being successful. Thus both armies remain to 
see who c«n stand the cold longest ; at present it is intense, 
wh«l could not have been expected iu this country, without 
snow, but most intense frosts and northerly winds, blowing 
hArd. A few days ago, I scoured the coast between Monacoa 
Bod Borgbetta so completely, that although I was only able to 
t«ke one Ship loaded with com, yet I forced the others into 
the Bay of Alassio and Languclia, where they arc so coni- 
pleiely imder the protection of formidaljle batteries, that not 
less than three Sail of the Line could attempt to take or 
destroy them. 1 have wrote to the Admiral on the subject, 
bul I believe he was sailed before my Letter could reach him. 
The number of Vessels loaded and unloaded at those places 
are near 100, the greater part loaded with corn und stores for 
France. The French General has laid an embargo on them 
all, and it would not surprise mc, should any particular events 
lake place, but that he quits this part of the Riviere, An 
event new and rather extraordinary has called for my pre- 
sence here ; on the night of the lOth, the boats of the Brune 
French Frigate and a number of Privateers, embarked about 
300 men in this Port, and landed them at a place called 
Voltri, about nine miles from Genoa, where the Austrians 
bad a post of a very few men, and a magazine of corn : of 
ccMUSe they succeeded in possessing themselves of the com, 
and also unfortmiately of £'10,000 sterling, which the Aus- 
trian Commissary was carrying from hence to Savona. On 
the 11th the Austrians regained the })ost and took u Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, tlie Commander, prisoner, and pursued the 
French to Su Pierre d'Arena, the suburbs of Genoa. On 



the night of the Uth, the French attacked a Salt Magazine 
belonging to the King of Sardinia, within 150 yards of the 
guns of Genoa, which was plundered, and the contents given 
to the lower onler of Genoese, who enjoyed the riot. Yes- 
terday, an additional number of men were raised here by the 
French, recruiting absolutely on the Exchange at four livres 
per day for the expedition, and forty-eight livres bounty; 
about 700 men were raised during the days of the 11th and 
12th, and embarked in the Brune, a large Brig, and other 
Vessels. 1000 men were to have been sent from the Army 
at Borghctta, in gun-boats and feluccas, and they were to have 
taken a post between Savona and Voltri, on strong ground, 
and to have fortified themselves ; the Genoese have cannon 
near the place. I don't think the plan would have succeeded, 
but such it was. 1 have stationed a Frigate at Vado, for at 
this season it is impossible to keep the shore aboard, without 
anchoring ; therefore, should they pass, I hope we shall have 
them. After going to Voltri, I anchored here yesterday 
evening, which changed the face of affairs ; the Brune and 
Transports were employed warping all night, from the outer 
to the inner Mole, juid now she is without guns or powder, 
and hauled inside ten or twelve Merchant Ships. Although, 
His Majesty's Minister has nothing to do officially with tlic 
breach of neutrality committed against the AusLrians and 
Sardinians, yet from my situation, as co-operating with those 
powers, it became necessary for me to take steps that this 
breach of neutrality and forfeiture of the Word of Honour of 
the French Captain should not be detrimental to our Allies. 
Mr, Drake has been with me to the Austrian and Sardiniau 
ISlinisters, and they will demand of the Republic that the 
Brune shall be tlisarmed and not permitted to depart the 
Port, till satisfaction be given for the glaring breacJi of 
neutrality. If they cannot succeed in this point, I must 
either stay here, or always keep a superior force in this Port, 
till General de Vins can take such measures as may be neces- 
sary to secure his Army from having an Enemy in their rear, 
I could not think it right to allow events of this importance 
to reach their Lordships' cars but from their own Officers ; 
therefore, as tlie Admiral is absent, I hope their Lordships 
wDl think I have done right in giving them this information, 
without its coming tlirough the Admiral, which is the proper 
channfl ^e the honour to be, &Ci 

UoRATio Nelson. 




[From Cltfke niul M'Anhur. rol. t. p. •i'-W.] 


Genoii IIoiuIm, ItitUi NoTcmb«r, 171)0. 

AlmoNt every day prnduces such changes in the prospect of 
AffairB, that in relating events I hardly know where to 
m. The two Armies arc both so strongly posted, tliat 
leitber is willing to give the attack ; each waits to see which 
_cta endure tlje cold longest. The French General has laid an 
ibai^ on all tJie Vessels on the Coast, near a hundred Sail, 
id it would not surprise me if he is meditating a retreat, in 
se Lid plans do not succeed ; which I hope Lliey will uot, as 
tie prevention of them, in a great measure, depends on our 
laral force under ray orders. Tliis has callc<l me here, where 
, circumstmice has aiisen, that ha.s given us tlic alana sooner 

Btrian Commissary was travelling from Genoa towards 

Tndo, with ill 0,000 sterling, and it was known he was to sleep 

at a place called Voltri, about nint; miles fi-om Genoa. Thi.s 

imptation wa* too great for the French Captain of the Brunc, 

concert with tlic French Minister, to keep his word of 

lOur; and the Bouts of that Frigate, with some Privateers, 

Ircnt nut of tlie Port, landed, and brought back the money. 

le next day, the 1 Itli of November, recnuting was publicly 

"carried ou in tlie Town of Genoa, and numbers enlisted ; and 

* nu Ro\^ Uiglineits bail written to Crtplnin Nelcon from St. Jame«'!<, on tlie 
Jt of August, I lUA. 
•• I>e«r NcUoii, 

I** VntirrKtJuiiUng ibiu a MesseD(;cr gn«s to-morrow cTcnjug for Uie MetiJt«muieao, 
tttsanut allijw tliU opporliitiity to escnpo witltuut my writing ray old Friend afew linci. 
Irnir Iett4>ni nrr t<i m? «o truly imer<>stiiig', tlinl I liivc kopl overy oue, and iliaJl 
ok forwMtl lit yoiir fliitirc roirpsnoiidence rw highly intemHtitt}^. 
" H«vii>(t hcva tlirougU life uequttintcd witli yun, 1 wil" not burpriscd to rend your 
iu rvcn iLccniuit from Hotliuu, but I rvjoic(< in the dvfenl ynii Uave given 
I^uru>ic"«. Sitiri' yottr litsi letter, Spwii Iihs tiimlc peiu'e, iviid <;oii»e(niently, 
a»t inat<>riiil!y alter your iiltiinlJou. I tliiiik if we Lnvc uot pence with Frunze, 
itiod gmnt '. wr muit Imve wiirwitli Spiun, In ail cnsef), 1 rely ouilie Mcdi 
Fleet ituder HiiIIjjiiu aiid llollowtty. lo whoui I wixli tu Ih- kiitdly rotufni- 
A« for you I nay uulhiin; : you well know my opinion of yourself, wliicJi 
■cticiti of your* llilo witr hns strengthened. Till we meet, adieu ; wliicb T 
hofm, for the auk* iif tin* Cftuiatry, will be Hixin ; und ever believo nie, d«Kr Sir, 
»ljr, WttLtJLM."'^Auloifraph, ia tlie Nel«oti Papcns. 





on tlic 13tli at night, as many uien as could be collected were 
to sail under Convoy of tlje Biiuie, and to land, and take a 
sironf? ]iost of tin* Genoese, between Cienoa and Savona. A 
Imndved men were to have been sent from tlie French Army 
at Borgbetto, and an insuiTection of the Genoese peanantry 
was to have been enconrayed ; which T believe would ha\ e 
succeeded for seviTiJ miles tip tlte t'uuntry. General de Vins 
must have sent four or live thousand men, probably, from his 
Army, which would have j^von the Pjiiemy a fairer prospect of 
success in their intended altiiek. Tlie scheme was bold, but I 
do not think it wcnild have succeeded in all points. 

However, my ariiial liere on the 1 3th in the evening, caused 
a tola! ehan{,'e: ihe Frigate, knowing her deserts, and what 
had been done here before with the Transports and Privateers, 
hauled from the outer l«) the inner Mole, and is got inside the 
jMerchant Ships, wilh her jiowder out, for no Ships can go 
into the inner Mole with powder on board ; and, as I have long 
expected an onbarkatton froni the French Army from the 
westward, to harass General de Vins, there I was fully on my 
guard. \Mjilst 1 roniain here, no harm can hapjjen, unless, 
Avhich private infuiuiation says is likely to titko place, tliat foiur 
Siul of tlie Line and some Frigates are to come here, and take 
Agamemnon and her Sfjuadion, What steps the Austrian 
Generals, and Ministers, will adojit to get redress, for diis (I 
fear allowed) brcadi of nentridtly, on the part of the Genoese 
Go^■e^unent, I cannot yet teU. It is a very extraordinary cir- 
cumstance, but a fact, that since my aiTival, respect to the 
Neuti-al Port has not been demanded of uie : if it had, my 
answer was ready, ' that it was useless and impossible for me 
to give it.' As the breach of the Neutrality has not been 
noticed, I fancy lliey are aware of my answer, and therefore 
declined asking the question. 

A superior force to the French must now always be kept 
here; but, I own, 1 think the French will make a push from 
Toidon to drive us away, that they may do something, and 
they have no time to lose. Sir Hyde Parker is gone to tlie 
westward, and my force is very much reduced, at a time I 
humbly conceive it wants addition. Admiral Hotham is 
travelling until the spring ; as is .\dmiral Goodall, who feels 
much hurt at not getting the command ; a braver or better 




IS jH-hluni tti lir fimiul. I am in expectation of bciiiff 
ircd lo Kiiglanil ; the Ship, Sliip'^ compati} , and niysolf, 
at».' nil out of repair. 

1 b€g leave to subscribe myself, your Royal Highncss's 
iBO«t attached and faitliful 

Horatio Nelson. 

[from I'iarkp aud M'Aithur, vol. i. p. 230.] 

l!Mb Novembrr, 1709. 

!c new Doge is now elected, and we hope lo get some an- 
• from the Govenimcnt. My situation is the more awkwaul, 
what has happened docs not relate to the English Minister, 
?ach of Neutrality being an Austrian business ; but, as I 
•operating with the Austrians, it has made me a pai'ty. 
line of conduct is very clear, as 1 shall signify at a proper 
le, * that if the Genoese CJovemment liave not the power, 
nor the inclination, to prevent these Expeditions sailing from 
jeir I'orts, it tlien becomes my business, a* ftu- as in me lies, 
prevent it; which must be done by keeping a superior force 
in the Port, to sail witli tliem,' I hope for tliebest ; but to say 
the tnith, I think I shall bo attacked ven* soon by a much 
superior force from Toidon, and I have long begged for two 
Sail of the Line to be added to my -Squadi'Dn : certainly I had 
DO more substantial reason, than what was strongly iiniiressed 
on my mind, from various rejjorts and conversations. I pray 
God I may be mistaken, and that Sir Hyde may keep them hi 
Port. The number of Cum-boats collecting, both at Toulon 
and Nice, can hf fur nu other ]>uq>ose than to force a landing 
on thiK Coast ; and it would sur|>rise me, should they get a 
S<iuadnni U}» here, if they did not seize Genoa i and tlien foiu:- 
w 11 (lays would decide the campaign. 

I am, &c., 

Horatio Nklson. 






[From Clorkf nnd M'Arthur, vol. i. p. 340.] 

Ag«uu«iDtion, OcnoB Hoaxl, November !20thi 1790. 

UiTon consultation with his Excellency Mr. Drake, 1 have 
Uctcnuiiietl uii studiiig a Vessel to you, with the enclosed 
reports of the state of tlic Ships in ToiUon, It is needless for 
rue to make any furtlier observations on their contents ; hut if 
the Enemy's Squadron couies on this Coast, and lands from 
three to four tliousaud men between Genoa and Savona, 1 ain 
confident that either the whole Austrian Anny will be defeated, 
or must inevitably retreat into Piedmont, and abandon their 
artillery and stores. We are acquainted with the French 
plaijs, iujd of the well-founded expectadon they have of raising 
an insun-ection of the Genoese peasantry, in a particular valley 
between thi.s and \'ado, I have not, which probably you know^ 
been on former occasions backward in I'epresenting my thoughts 
to Admiral Hotham, tliat at one time or another, the French 
would make a push for this Coast, as also my wishes for a rein- 
forcement of two 74-gim Ships, and that tlic Frigates should 
not be diminished ; tlie latterj I am sorrj* to say, is done. 

llie extraordinary events which have taken place here, and 

tlie Expedition wliich would now sail Irom tliis Port, were 1 to 

mthdraw the Agamemnon, will always render it a uieatture of 

necessity to keep a suj^erior force to tlie French at tins place, 

witli orders to attack the Enemy, if they ]>resume to sail : ihey 

broke the Neutrality, and the CJcnoese have not called on me 

for my word to respect it. 

November 9I»t. 

I am sorry to add, that the weather is so verj' bad in this 
Gidf, tliat neither sails, nor ships, nor people, can remain at 
sea for a long time. Tliis nioniing, at daylight, the Austrians 
took possession of tlie French empty magazines at St. Pierre 
d'iVrena, and the sentinels are now close to the gates of Genoa. 
We tliink General de Vins ha.s done wrong in this instancei 
He den»anded satisfacUon and payment of tlic Genoese Govern- 
ment, and, without waiting for the answer, has taken satisfaction 

* Admind HotLnni fttrick lijs Flng on Uie Isl of November, when lUe Wmpomry 
commaud o/ ihe Fleei devolved uu Vice Admimi Sir Hydt- IVker. 




Had the General done so first, he would have found 
full magaKincs, instead of empty ones : by his conduct he has 
3d the Genoese from their difEcultios. You may be 
1 shall pursue a steady, moderate line of conduct. 

I am, &c., 

Horatio Nelson. 


|>b Dr»4«gh(, iu Uie Nf Ison J'ajicrs. Mr, Drake hsvinf; informwl Cnptiuu 

I ihat a n'jKirt w»a circulated among (Lc Allies, to whieli tbc King of Sardinia 

I been unliiood to give credence, iLat the Biitiiili CniLiers connived with ilic F.ncray 

p«>rmil lln« Coasting Veosels to land their CiirgoeB for llie supply of the French 

i>7 in Ibe Riviera of Genoa, Neboa immeditOely wrote the following indignnnt 

to r/>rd Grenville. Clarke and M'Anhnr do not say where xhe Letter actually 

mm pre«er\'ed ; but tliey stattt thut a.^ it was of sa delicate and extroordi- 

tDaturp, lltey had ileetned it expedient, liefore publication, to submit it, tbroiigh 

eaitnte«» Perceval, to Mr. Trpvor. who was Minister itt Turin at the time it 

iUiey have printed Mr. Trevor's reply to Lady Pcrcovil, which will 

' «e.'] 

Agamemnon, Genoa Road, 23rd November, 170&. 
My Lord, 
Having received, from Mr. Drake, a copy of your Lordship's 
letter to him of October, enclosing a paper liiglily reflecling 

Kthc honour of myself and other of His Majesty's Officers 
tb, Trettir's letter to the Vincouniess rereeval. — " T return to yon the very 
■Wo Ivttcr of my late Noble Friend : it wat no donbt addreoKed to Lord Gren- 
> from whom the paper alladed to must hnve been officially sent to Mr, Drake. 
A •ondaiom and calumniating suspicion preiailed at that liuie amongst the Allies 
vxuted a criminiU connivanoe between the Rriliish rnuHei-H in Ihr Mvdi- 
■ad the Coasting vessels of the F.nemy ; whereby they were pt-nnitted lo 
Uii4 tbair cargoes for the supply of the French .\rmy in ihe Riviern of Gcnoiu 
Til* fwl waa, ihtx the French Army waa most provokingly snpplied by sea, not- 
lrttlMaii4iag the DriiiAh ahipt* who were otationcd olf the const : but it wu by oo 
Wna tn went of every exertion on their ]iart, tnuch less from any treachery. 
VRlbMI Madeaoeoiliag to repel on acciLsotinn, n.s grr)nndlci8 as it was injurious, the 
Ifaiof iinke Atr itaelf upon t moments reflection : for neither we, nor the Allies, bad 
•By auMll Croft that eouhl approach the shore : whilst the supplien were smuggled 
Mhof Ute coast by night, in light Veai4eli>, inii|iiteor everything which our Frigates, 
or Sloopa of War, could do to prevent it. I was <icnt to Milan to confer with the 
Oejienl aiwl Admiral Ooodall, on tbi« nubjeet, and other mattem of oo- 
p. W(i suggested the only remedy ttial could be devised, which was that of 
aonw Galley* and Row-bonts, from Uenoa or Civile Vecahia. I never saw 
onoiu r»per in question: Erum liis iguoronoe of Naval «ffiun, the 




emploj-ed on tliis Coast under my Ordere, it well becomes me, 
as far as iu my power lies, to wipe away this ignominious stain 
on our characters. I do, therefore, in behalf oi' myself, and 
much-injured Bretliren, demand, that the person, whoever he 
may be, that wrote, or gave lliaL paper to your Lordship, do 
fully, and expressly bring home his ch{u"gc j wliich, as lie 
states that this agreement is made by numbers of people on 
both sides, tlicre can be no difficulty in doing. We dare him, 
my Lord, to tlic proof. If he cannot, I do most humbly itii- 
plorc, that His Majesty will be most graciously pleased to 
direct his Attomey-CJeneral to prosecute this infamous libeller 
in His C-ourls of Law; and I likewise feel, lliat, wiiliout im- 
pj-opriety, I may on behalf of my brother Oflicers, demand the 
support of His Majesty's Minislcns : for as, if true, no pimish- 
ment can be too great for the traitors ; so, if false, none can be 
too heavy for the villain, who has dared to allow his ])en to 
WTite such a paper. Perhaps I ought to stop my letter here ; 
but 1 feel too much to rest easy for a moment, when the 
honour of the Navy, and our Country, is sdnck at throngh 
ns ; for if nine [ten] Captains, whom chance has thrown 

Anatriau Conuniuidnr, who ftrlt iLc ofri'cts of tlie misfortiiiip without NiifficieDtl}' 
atteudiog to its cniis(% •'u-'ily lislnirJ to the uiisreprrKciiialionN tltai wen* moilit 
to liim iipnn tlip snlijeci. tiiiil trunxtiiillcd tlipin to his Court; whence, or Uiroug'h 
the nieJinm of ihaL nf Tnriii, thpy ri!nchp[l Kujflnnd. The orciiKHlion vrw prt^Whljr 
\tLg»v and gfucrnh it dops un| n|i|><iiir that iiiiy Tiiuitc» were mentioned; tlie nnunr 
Mid the rliniujel of i lie iuronimiitui did not Rdmil of any public refutation of it; and 
Conuufiilori' Nelson's leitir, its well as Mv. Drtdie's aiiHwer, would \u\\e been dbott 
thftii lufficieui Iu oljliiemtcin d nimueni any nlleutinn tli»i might have been pJTen lo 
it liv Uovcmmeiii. WiUi rcpml to the jiientioii, miule iii Nelstou'* letter, of my 
uliprohttliou of kls conduct, 1 <aniH)t hel^i nildinr; n little an thm siibjerl, beeaitne 
it Indougs In one flf the rjrcumM<iute> in rov life, whit li I recollcot with the gnttr*t 
pteasiiire. It was, I think, iu 171l"i, thnt this frrrat man, with whom 1 hud heeu in < 
ulliein] corre*pondeiu-e, and with whom nud Mr. Drake many conferences hud be«n 
lieht on board the Agiiniemnou, and whom I even then looked up to with odmirwtion, 
nenl uie a letter exprewxive nf uneaHiueKH and di.xiipptiiiitment, ibnt hiit vdoiir uid 
faithful ferviccB hod not lieen more fiivourably ntleuiled to by Govcmnieul, uiil 
recinesting nic to fumLnh huii with n letter to Miiiijiler* expressive of nj)' scii»e of 
JuB services, m for an they had fullen within the sphere of my oliHervntion nr know- 
ledge. I lutTC often reffrettcil Ibnt this letter, whkb siibierjueut events hnvr hww* 
inwle a rnrious and iuteresting diictuuent. wits burnt with my pn]>er» at Turin ; but ' 
I lessens » copy of iny »iiswer to it, wLirh coudiided willi these wonlo — ' .And I 
9h«U ever onnnider it (i5 the proudest eimmistiuiie iu my life, that such n ehiuwter 

lUt Coniuimlure NcKou'k nhnulil have tliouf^hi » te>tiiiioDiftl of iJiiiic coiild mid any-, 
Uliltg til its lustre." — Clm/fr iittd M'Jrlhnr, vol. i. p. lil. 







;tber, can instanily join in such a traitorous measure, it is 
to conclude we arc all Lad. 
\A& tJiis traitorous agreement could not be carried on hut 
concert of all the Captains, if tlicy were on the Stations 
allotted them, and as they could only be drawn from those 
ions hy orders from nie, I do most fully acquit all my 
Captains from such a combination, and have to rc- 
that I may be considered as the only responsible person 
what is done under my command, if 1 approve of the coti- 
of those under my orders, which in tliis most public man- 
I beg leave to do : for Officers mo;"c alert, and more 
ixious for the good, and honour, of their King and Country, 
_can scarcely ever fall to the lot of any CommantUng OHicer: 
lieir Names I place at the bottom of this letter. 

myself, from my earliest youth I have been in the Naval 
sc ; and hi two Wars, have been in more than one hun- 
and forty Skirmishes and Datdes, at Sea and on shore ; 
ive lost an eye, aiul otherwise blood, in fighting the Enemies 
my King and Country; and, (Jod knows, instead of i-ichcs, 
my little fortune has been diminished in the Service: but I 
shall not trouble your Lordship further at present, than jus^t to 
say — that at tlie close of tliis CiUiii)aign, wliorc 1 have bad llie 
pleasure to receive the approbation of tlic Generals of the Allied 
'owers ; of his Excellency Mr. Drake, who has always been 
the spot ; of ^fr. Trevor, who has been at a distance ; 
rhen I cx])eeted and hoped, from tbc representation of His 
yest>''s Ministers, that His Majesty would liave most gra- 
ly condescended to have fa\ ourably noticed my earnest 
dwnre to sene Him, and wlion, instead of all my fancied ap- 
irubation, to receive an accusation of a most tnut<jrous nature 
-it has almost been too much for mc to bear. Conscious hi- 
loccncc, I ho|>e, will support me. 

I have the honour to be 
My Lord, 
Your Lordship's most obedient, bumble servant, 

ITonATio Nelson. 
^,B. — Captains Frcmantle, Hope, Cockbuni, Hon. Charles 
tone, Sliields, Middleton, Plampin, Brisbane, Thomas 
louc, Macnamara. 

106 LETTERS. [179S 


[Autograph, in the Nrlson Piqwrs.] 

Agunemuoii, Genoa Boad, NoTcmber 20tli, 1796 [170d.] ^ 
My dear Brother, 

Although my mmd is pretty fully employed in the events 
which Imve taken place on this Coast i^ithin the last week, yet 
this evening I give up au hour to private aflection. 

You will have heard of an Expedition going from tliis Port 
attacking an Austriiin Post and taking about £10,000 sterling. 
AnotJier and more important event was to take place, the 
landing and possessing a strong post between Genoa and 
Vado, which, if accomplished, would have had the worst 
cHects — i)robab]y nothing less tlian the retreat of tlie whole 
Austrian Anuy, if not tlie defeat. Tlie latter, however, I pre- 
vented, by laying Agamemnon across the harbour's month of 
Genoa, and suffeiing no French vessel to sail out of the Port, 
Yesterday morning, at four o'clock, the French made a grand 
attack on all the Austrian Posts, near Borghetta, about forty 
miles from hence. The Action cannot be said to be finished 
at this time of writing. The friends of each party say what 
they wish : the French, diat 3000 Austrians are killed at 
Loano, and 1500 taken, and that all the otiier parts attacked 
were equally successful- The other side say, the French are re- 
pidscd with great slaughter. 1 am very anxious and imeasy, as 
you wiU believe. A part of the Austrian Array is now at ilje 
gates of Genoa, wliere they have taken possession o( die 
French magazines of com and (lour. What these events may 
produce in tlie Republic of Genoa, time oiUy can discover. 
The Government must feel severely its degradation. Oiu 
Ileet is gone ftu" away, and left uie here verj- umch unpro- 
tected. If the French Squadron, which is ready at Toulon, 
and with Trooi)s on board, come here, which is expected, die 
safety of poor Agamemnon becomes vci^ precarious. I feel I 
am left in a shameful way ; but I hope, when Sir John Jervis 
arrives, to be better taken care of than in this interregnum.* 
We expect, and may expect, orders every day for England. 

* Betveen Uie deputnie of Admind Hoifaam and the arrival of Sir John Jervi*. 




JI) Ship and Sliip's Company are worn out, but the folks at 
Hone do not feel for us. 

December itli. 

I am on my va^y to Leghorn, to refit. The campaign is 
fiaished by the defeat of the Austrians, and tit; French are In 
M possession of Vado Bay. Tlie losses of citlier side are 
lowucd, but much blood has been shed. I tliink the Admiral 
tffl be hauled over the coals for not letting me have Ships, 
ill lay Squadron was taken away, except two, and they un- 
fattinately were blown off the Coast ; therefore I was left alone, 
; ind not being able to do all myself, could not prevent tlie 
Knemy's gun-boats from harassing ilic left Hank of tlic Aus- 
trhich I have no doubt tlie General will make the most 
' l^'h they were more beaten on tlie right, and I verily 
- Lj inferior numbers. 

Lcghoni. Dptcmljer 7ili. 

We surrived here yesterday, and foiuid that Sir .John .FerA'is 

id joined the Fleet, at St. Fiorcnzo, on the *2{>tli November. 

I hope he has brought orders for us to proceed to England. 

ray remember me kindly to my Aunt, Mrs. Nelson, and your 

Idren ; and do not forget me to the Rolfcs, and our friends 

at SwaiTham. Believe me, ever 

Your most affectionate Brother, 

Horatio Nelson. 


rnxB Clcrkc and M^Vrtbur, vol. i. p. 'OH. Sit Jukii Jervis arrived at Sab 

9. in the LlTcly frigiit«, on the Vnh of No>°on]bcr, nud ii >]>pcArn tlmt Cup- 

9n inuoedistct}' iuiuIf h wriitou report oC Uis proceedings, of wliicb rrpori. ihc 

' pMugc* foraicd the conrluMon. TIio " vi«ir to Admiral Ilotliiuu Appears 

i kera moide ■bout tLe middle of October] 

[About 'Jfttlj November, 17»5.] 
The object of my visit* was to ask the Admiral to give mo 
ro 74-giin Ships, and as many Transports as he had in Leg- 
On the '2<f(b of October, Mr. Drake, in > letter lo Cnptiuu Nelson, tbtia aUuded to 
" with Ibe Adniiml: — " 1 am jiut rciiimed ft-om Oenon, from my 
I lijui inlemlpd to bdve gone from Ttirin to Suvoiui; but I wu "O 
lUSf itcmtiaJfa. from evervthiiig I beard aiid *aw, wlulst on my tour, that tbere wan 
DO hapt of utimtilnuijg ilie Anittrinn General to any nctive operniious during the eom- 
fliga. tliat I tbunght it better to retiiru to Genoa. 1 shall be very auxious to bexr 
Ibt mull of your vinit to tbe Admiral ; and T hope be will have adopted your pro- 
fOtUUnL'—CUrkt wd M'Arthvr, vol. i. p. 'i-ii. 




honi, with Uic Camel and Dolphin, to have carried the ten 
thousand men, as desired ; the Admiral, however, did not 
think it right to send a Ship. On the 1st of November I 
chased a \ cry large convoy into Alassio, and by the 8th, Uiey 
were increased to full one hundred sail, including Gun-boal*, 
and other Vessels of War ; but they were too well protected 
for me to make any attempt with my small S(iaadron. On 
tlie lOth, the French took tlic Austrian post at Voltri ; on thu 
lltli it was retaken; on tlic 12th the French were making 
every exertion for a most \igorous and bold attempt to establish 
themselves in a strong post between Voltri and Savona, and 
were in hopes of causing an insurrection of the Genoese pea* 
santry. My presence was required at Genoa to prevnnt tilts 
Kxpeditii>n, by Mr. T>rakc, the Austrian Minister, and by the 
Aiistriaji General comniandiug at Vado. On the 13th, I went 
to Genoa, and was kept diere, contrary to my inclination, 
until after the defeat fif the Austrian Army on the ^Srd No- 
vember. Hewever I haie Uie consolation, that to the Aga- 
memnon's staying' at Genoa, so many thousands owe their 
safely, by the of tlie Bocchetta being kept open, and I 
amongst others, General de \"ins himself. 

I am, &c., 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From Clnrke and M'Artlinr, vol. i. p. '245.*] 

Agitmerauoii, Oeuon Road, *^7t]i Noreuber, 1700. 

As I have heard from reports that the retreat of the Austrian 
Army is laid to want of co-ojieration on tlie jmrt of the British 
Squadron, it becomes me to state a few facts, by which your 
Excellency can form a jtulguient of my conduct; and in which 
I flatter myself it will appear, that nothing has been wanting 
on tny part to give every j>ossible energy to tlie operations of 
the Austrians. A Frigate was alway.H anchored neju- Pietra, 
until the season was such as to vender that measure no longer 
possible; for it was persevered in undl two of his Majesty's 
Ships wove nearly lost. When this defence was taken away, 





id tlic first week in November, I stationed tlie Flora and 
Speedy Brig ofl'Cape Noli, within six iniles of Pictra; Init at 
die same lime I informed General do Viiis, tiiat I considered 
jfcem hy no means sn ready to afford assistance in case of an 
^ lOork, as if ihey lay at a greater distance in Vado. Tlie event 
justified my fears ; for the Sjiecdy has never since been 
of,' an<l tlie Flora, from some cause which 1 am at pre- 
it unacquainted with, is gone to Leghorn. 
The Agamemnon lay at single aiichrw in Vndo LJuy, with 
two Neapolitan Gallie.s, ready to proceed on the lirst gnn 
rag tired by the Enemy ; and so anxious was I to render everj' 
ince to our Allies, that 1 rrrjur-sied (ient'val de Vins to 
h a signal by guns from Pietra lu Vadn, that I might 
ith hiin, if tlie wind was fair, long before any messenger 
)uld have reached Vado. On the Odi <>f November, General 
Vins sent mo word, that he belio\inl ibo French tliought his 
m too strong to be attacked, and that, as he was coming 
Savona in a few days, we would tulk nvov the subject of 
, Bgnalf . The demand made of my assistance here, I shall not 
Iter into ; llie cause of it, of juy remaining here, and the sal- 
Kitiou of many tliousand Austrian troops, and of CJeneral de 
'ins himself, lu-e fully known to your Excellency. 1 shall 
icrefore only state further, that the Lowestofie, Inconstant, 
id Southampton have been taken from my Squadron, and 
Sliip that was ordered to replace theni has never yet come 
ider my orders. 

I tlierefore trust it will appear in tbis short slatement, that 
luthing has been \vanting on my part to give full ellect to 
>very operation of the Austrians ; and that the force under my 
>mniaud has been so employed as will meet the approbation 
' our Sovereign, your Excellency, and his Majesty's Ministers. 
S'henevcr a more full or more jvarticular aectmni ofuiy con- 
is demanded, I have no doubt but I shall be fmurd not 
ly free from blame, but worthy of approbation. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

• Tlve 

Spe«d.T. 14, Cai'liiin Tlxamas ElpUiuAtoiir, was, LowrTer-, ^nk. 




[Antograpli. in Uie pOMCsmAn of J. Bei\junin HeaUi, Esq., Uia Stfdiwjui : 
Coosnl-Oenenil iu London.] 

Kowmbt* Sink, 11^^ 

My dear Sir, 

If y«>u have any letters for roe, pray send them off, as 1 1 
not iiitend to anchor. I shall also be glad to hear any Ml 
you may please to scud ine. 

I am, dear Sir, 

Your very humble servant, 


As I am yet ignorant when the Austrians left Vada, wj 
they have left it, pray tell me. You will hear of my 
being detained at Savona. Recollect it is near night, iui(l| 
am anxious for my Boat to be on board. 

[From Clarke and M'.\rthnr, vol i. p. 246.] 

December and. KW^ 
Lord Hood will have discovered, that, from my last letter i 
him respecting die defeat of tlie Austrians on the 23rd 
November, the loss of Vado would con8e(|uently follow. Td 
him, the French had collected full a hundred sail of Y 
in case of faihure, to carry off their troops ; they hod also ten 
or twelve Gun-vessels, as many Privateers, and a Man-of-War 
Brig. 1 described to the Admiral ilie great service that the 
destruction of tliese Vessels would be of, many of tliem bebtg 
laden with com, on which the French General had laid an 
embargo ; and, as I had not force enough, I begged of the 
Admiral, if he came to sea, to look at this Fleet himself, 
offering, if he would permit me the honour, to lead tlie Gul- 
loden and Courageux to the attack, and, witlj my then Squadron 
»»f Frigates, to take or destroy the whole. I pretend not to 
say the Austrians would not have been beat, had not tlie Gun- 
boats haiassed tlieni, for on my conscience I believe they 
would ; but 1 believe the French woidd not have attacked, had 
we destroyed all the A'essels of War, Transports, &c. 




itrians, by all accounts, clid not stand firm. T]ie French, 

naked, were detenniiied to conquer or die j and liad I 

*, ihoiigh I own against uiy inclination, been kept at Genoa, 

HI eight to ten thousand men would have been taken pri- 

aiid amongst tlie number General De \'in.s himself. 

llie French plan, well laid, was to possess a Post in the 

. these people Hed by, retreat it could not be called, for, 

ptapart of the Army under General Wallis, of about ten 

onsand men, it was, * the devil take the hindmost.' I had 

ieutenant, two Midshipmen, and sixteen men taken at Vado ; 

Purser of the Ship, who was there, ran with the Austiians 

[liteen miles without stopping, the Men without any arms 

Merer, Officers wiiliout soUliers, Women witliout assist- 

Tlms has ended my campaign Let the 

Be be whore it may, I do not believe any party will seriously 

at my door ; and if they do, 1 am perfectly easy as to 

coDMequences. I sincerely hope an inquirj* may take 

ce, the world would then know how bard I have fiigged. 

_pw? wpaiher ha.s been most intensely cold. Sir John Jcrvis 

Svcd at St. Fiorenzo on the 29th of November, to the great 

of some, aiid .sorrow of others. 

Yours, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From t'lurke anil M'Arthnr, vol. i. p. 247.] 

DeeemW '2nd, I70A. 

fou. Sir, I never more regretted the not being able 

u\^ llie Agamemnon : I was in Vado Bay on the J)th of 

ler, and saw the French in full jjossession. Meleager 

Ion tlie 30ih, when I directed Captain Cockbum to cniise 

Bay, to prevent any of our Ships from going in ; and 

such other senices ofl" the Port of Genoa, as, on 

a with his Excellency Mr. Drake, may be found 

beneiicial for his Majesty's service. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelsov, 




[Aiitognipli, in Ihe MinU) Pin»er*.] 

AgHuusmuou, M Sea, DecemWr 4tb, ITOS. 
My tliJfir Sir, 

My campaign is closed by the defeat of the Austnau Anuy, 
and the consequent loss of Vado and every place in the lliviera 
of Genoa, and I am on my way to refit poor Agamemnon and 
her miserable Ship's company at Leghorn. We are, indeed. 
Sir, worn out; except six days I have never been one hour off 
the station. I have to regret, but mean not to complain, that 
my force was too small for the sernces which I wished to per- 
fonn. If 1 had been favoured with the two 74-gun Ships, which 
I have often asked for, I am fully persuaded that the last attack 
never would have been made, instead of this increase of force, 
my Frigates were withdrawn from uie widmut my knowledge, and 
I had only Flora and Speedy, Brig, left with lue ; these were, 
1 fancy, blown off tlie coast, and only Agamemnon remained. 
The extraordinary events which have taken jdace near Genoa, 
and the ])lan which was laid by tlie French to take post between 
Voltri and Savona, perhaps you are acquainted wiUj ; if not, 1 
will tell you. 

Seven hundred men were enlisted and embarked ou board 
the Brane French frigate in Genoa, (seven thousand stand of 
arms,) and on board many small Privateers and one Brig; 
tliese were nn a certain night to have landed in a .strong post 
between ^'u]tri and Savona, to be joined in small Feluccas by 
1000 men horn Borglictta. An insurrection of the Genoese 
}>easautry, we have every reason to believe, would have been 
made for forty miles up a valley towards Piedmont. The monev 
giting from tieuoa teiiipte<l these people to make an attack 
before their time, which certainly caused the j)lan to mi.scarr\*. 
Ou the great ])reparation at Genoa, Agamemnon wa<5 called 
for, might and main, to prevent the ]>lan, which I most effec- 
tually did, and so fearful was the Imperial Minister and General 
of my leaving Genoa, tliat I was tokl that if I rpiitted Genoa, 
the loss of 3000 Austiians was the certain consequence; thus 
I was put in the cleft stick. If I left Genoa, the loss of 3000 
men would be laid to my charge ; if I was not at Pietva, the 

r. 37.] 



-boaU would, unmolested, harass the left flank of the Army ; 
1(1 the defeat mar very probably be laid to tlie want of assist- 
ance of the Agamemnon. However, my being at Genoa, 
Itlioujjh contrary to my inclination, his been t)ie means of 
kving firom8000 to 10,000men, and amongst others, General de 
rins himself, who esca]>ed by the road, which, but for mc, tlie 
Enemy would have occupied. I must, my dear Sir, regret not 
itring more force. 

My orders left at Vado, for the station of Southampton and 
iconstiiDt, taken from me, will shew, if, on incpury by Mi- 
for I know not who else can inquire, that not a Gun- 
if my orders had been obeyed, could have annoyed the 
Jkrmy. Mr. Drake, who has been on the spot, and Mr. Trevor, 
rho has known all my proceedings, are pleased to highly 
my conduct ; and I also have hi^d, to the 9th of No- 
f, the full apjirobalion of every General iu tlie Army. 
That the Guu-boats harassed them I am truly sorry for ; it 
f becomes me to shew I could not help it, — not that 1 believe 
would not have been beat witliout the Guu-boats, for 
right wiiig, twelve miles from the shore, was entirely de- 
ited, and the left retreated, biit not in much order. I fancy, 
rhat I hear, no defeat was ever more complete ; on tlie 
other hand, I know all the Generals wished for nothing more 
than orders to quit the Coast. They say, and true, they were 
brought on it, at the e.K}>ress desire of the English, to co-operate 
with the Fleet, which Fleet nor .\dmiral they never saw. lliere 
^rtainly arc other and much better Posts to prevent the Inva- 
ion of Italy than Vado. I verily believe tlie Austrians are 
F^ad to quit llie Coast on any prcteuce. General de Vins 
iplains heavily of not seeing the Admiral, So muth for 
ny Rtorj' — ^you arc tired with it, ajid so ara I. 

i sincerely hope all is quiet in Coi*sica, and that you are 

ing that good health I sincerely wish you. Apro|J09, I 

iaro jttftt received an order from Sir Hyde Parker, to receive on 

such recruits as might be riused for Dillon's Corps in 

lea ; tliis implies that they had been refused. I wTote you, 

Rr, long ago, and I am sure you credit me, tliat whatever I 

lid do to be of service to Corsica, no man was readier, I 

bave raised and sent over many more men tlian the Otficers 

; but the fact is, if any complaint has been made by these 

VOL. If. I 



impertinent people, that one man was taken trith a mail 
ferer, and gare it to my Ship's company. I then told the Officer 
that he must keep his recruits on shore, and that whoT 
Ship went to Leghorn or Corsica they should ceriaiuly laki 
on board. Admiral Hotliam and Mr. Drake, who I told of tht 
circumstance, approved of my conduct. I sent two fine 
men for Smitli's Corps ; but you have no conception of tli' 
blesome impertinence of these people. Now, my dear Sir, 1 
know you took a yoimg man by hand, a Mr. Pierson,* from 
Naples ; he is now a Lieutenant in the 69th Regiment, and 
embarked on board the Agamemnon : he is a very good and 
amiable lad, and I am sure whatever farther notice yon may 
be pleased to shew him, tliat his future conduct will convince 
you he merits it I own I shall feel a pleasure to see 
Excellency favour him. Believe nie, dear Sir, 

Your Excellency's most faithful servant, 

Horatio Nelso 

I expect Mr. Drake very soon at Leghorn. Mrs. Drake^ 
gone to Milan ; and Mr. Drake is returned, for security, to 
town of Genoa from the country. 

His Excellency the Vice-Roj. 

[Ftom Ckrirt and M'Artliiir, vol. i. p. 318.] 

Leghorn, 8th December, 

We have just heard, Sir, of your arrival at Alessandria, 
have two requests to make, whicli I trust you wUl grant ; the 
one is, a copy of the Paper I sent ygu by ilie Genoese Secre- 
tary of State, containing the niunbcr of inhabitants in the 
Riviera, and the quantity of provisions wanted for their use 
for two montlis ; and such other Papers as may shew clearly 
to the Coiut of Admiralty, that it was perfectly understood by 
the Genoese Government, that all Vcs,sels which were bound to 
any ])lace in possession of the French, who had not pasHjxirts 
froni the Government, or from your Excellency and Gent 
de Vins, would be taken, and tlieir cargoes made prizes. 

The next request much more concerns my honour, titan 

* Thi> gmllimt yonng OScer it agtio oft«n BMntioaed. 




(tAer does my interest — it is to prove to the World, to my own 
A'lmiral, or to whoever may have a right to ask the question, 
' »hf 1 remained at Genoa. I have therefore to desire that 
t jrou will have tlic goodness to express, in writing, what you 
, told me, tliat the Imperial Minister and yourself were assured, 
if I left tlie Port of Genoa unguarded, not only the Imperial 
. troops Rt St. Pierre d'Areua and Voltri would be lost, but that 
I ^e French plan for taking Post between Voltri and Savona 
would certainly succeed ; and also, that if the Austrians should 
be worsted in the advanced Posts, the retreat by the Bocchetta 
wonld be cut off: to which you added, that if this happened, 
, the Ion of the Army would be laid to my leaving Genoa, and 
ncommended me most strongly not to think of it. The Im- 
perial Minister's wanting more force, is needless to mention, 
unlcgg you tliink it right. I am anxious, as you will believe, 
tolia»e proofs in my possession, that I employed to the last 
^ Agamemnon as was judged most beneficial to the Common 

I am, &c. 

HoR&Tio Nelson. 


[Anlograpb, iu tlie posBeaiion of — S«/e, Esq.] 

■"J '-' 

Mr. Egar must be paid all his expenses incurred in the 
duty of the Vessel, in which must certainly be in- 
i:is very necessarj' Journey to Leghorn ; antl consi- 
ig his great attention, T think that not less than ten 
ids should be given him as a present. 

Horatio Nelson'. 

htfibora, December lOtfa, 1T0&. 

(Aatognpk, in the posMuion of Onptain Sir William floate, Burt,] 

Agamemnou, Leghorn, December liUi, 170&. 

^' • .Sir, 

1 of November Ist, I received a few days past," 
four good sou tells me he has answered his letter. William 

* 8io in Grig. 




will have sened his two years as rated Mid on die 1st of 
Febraary next. This time as Mid, is absolutely necessan* as 
a part of the long six years, "i'ou had better get out his Time 
from tlie Navy Office, and when his .six years draw to>vard.s an 
end, I would have hira strongly recommended to Sir John 
Jervis ; for whene\ er peace comes it will be very difficult, with 
the best iTiterest, to get liim made a Lieutenant. I hope he 
ha« more than one year'.s Time : if not, two years is very long 
to look forward for a continuance of the war. You will have 
heard of the Austrians being defeated on tlie Coast of Genoa, 
and a part of the defeat attributed to a want of a sufficient Naral 
force. However, on inquiry, things may Uvra out, 1 have still 
had tlie good fortune, individually, to meet >\ith approbation 
from our Ministers and the Gtnerals, Our Admirals will 
have, I beUeve, much to answer for in not giving me that force 
which I so repeatedly called for, and for at last leaving me 
with Agamemnon alonc- 

I was put iu a cleft sti<;k: if I quitted where 1 was at 
anchor, the French would haA-e landed i^ Uie rear of the 
Austrian Army, and the tutid defeat of that Army must have 
been the consequence : if I remained at anchor, the Enemy's 
Gun-boats iu the general attack would harass the left wing 
of the Austrian Army. Much against my inclination, I took 
the plan of laying quiet, instead of attacking their Gun-boats ; 
and most fortunate it has been for the Army I did so, for 
eight or ten thousand men made llieir escape by the road I 
protected, and amongst others, General de Vins himself. 
The Austrians will make the most of a want of Naval force 
for all ]>ui-poses. Admiral Hotham kept my Squadron too 
small for its duty ; and the moment Sir Ilyde touk the com- 
mand of the Fleet he reduced it to nothing — only one Frigate 
and a Brig, whereas I demanded two Seventy-four Gun- 
ships and eight or ten Frigates and Sloops to ensure safety to 
the Array. However, on inquiry, which I tnist and sincerely 
liope will take place, on my own account, it will tura out that 
the centre and right wing gave way, and that although it 
have been very un]>leasaut to have a number of Gun-boats 
3n them, the left was the only part that was not de- 

)ut retreated in a body ; whereas Uie others lied. 

dc Vins, from illOiealth, as he says, gave up the com- 

AT. 37.] 



mand in the middle of tin; Battle, and from Unit wonicnl, not 
a solilier stayed in his post, and many tliousands ran away 
who liad never seen tlie Enemy — some of them thirty miles 
from the advanced posts. So much for my history. 

1 tremble at your account of want of bread for our poor. 
Pny God send ns peace. We have establi.shed the French 
Republic, which, but for us, 1 verily believe would never have 
been setded by such a volatile, changeable people. I hate a 
Frenchman. Tliey are equally objects of my detestation, 
whetlier Royalists orllciniblicans — in some points, 1 believe the 
lult«r are the best. Sir John .Tcrvis took the command of the 
Fleet on the 29ih of November, at St. Fiorenzo, but I have not 
jfct heard from him, or has auybod}- here. We sincerely hope 
be has orders to send Agamemnon home. We are worn out. 
I beg you ^vill present my respects to Mr. and Mrs. Coke, 
also, t?iough unknown, to ilrs. Hoste and yoiu* family, and 
we me, Dear Sir, 

Yours » ery faithfully, 

HoiuTio Nelson. 

[From Clwke and M'Artlinr, toI. i. p. WO.] 

I^glinrn, December KJlL, 1705. 

ty dear Sir, 
The Prince of Esterhazy, one of General de Vins' Aide-de- 
/ampSf is here ; he brought, a.s I understand, a letter from 
[ieneral WallLs to Sir Hyde Parker, declaring, that Uie check 
the Austrian Army was owing to the non-cooperation of tlic 
English ; and die Prince, it seems, a.««serts this everywhere. 1 
Inaal him yesterday, when he was pleased to say, that they were 
jd, if I had possessed the means, it would not have liap- 
sned. I did not choose to enter deeply on the subject. I 
link we have a strong hold on General Wallis, and in my 
|opinion we ought not to let it slip : this has been my induce- 
leut for writing to him ; tliereforo, if you see no irajiropriety 
the letter, may I beg you will forward it to him ? I sincerely 
ioj>e it will produce an answer. However, I request, if you 
link it improjMrr for me to write to General Wallis, and to 




allow his own or his Anny's imrepelled assertions to keep tlieir 
ground, (which, by the bye, if they do, it is more than they 
did,) I tlien, Sir, ho]ie you will suppress the letter. 

If the General's pubhc letter should reflect on me, I must, 
in my own defence, write to the Admiraltj' ; for I will not sit 
quiet, and liear what I do every day. My healtli is but so so ; 
to say the truth, my mind is uneasy, although I feel a clear 
conscience that no part of the ool is owing to my want of exer- 
tion. Our Fleet is gone to the westward ; and two Sail of the 
Line, and dnee Frigates arc sent up tlie Levant j L'Aigle and 
Cyclops escaped very naiTowly, and we have our fears for the 
Nemesis. Flora was detached from my command about the 
time of tlie Action, and Sir Hyde intended to take every large 
Frigate from me; and, in short, except Meleager, to scud 
nothing that could be useful. The language held after Admiral 
Hotham's departure, was less inclinable to come near ns, or 
assist us, tlian ever ; so you see blame must have fallen on the 
Navy some time or other; and, as Commanding Oflicer, I 
must have ever been held up to tlie Army as the responsible 
person. Excuse all tlie latter port of this letter; my mind is 


r 7 

I am, &c., 

Horatio Nelson. 

* In reply to tljls loiter, Mr. Dmkc wrote on tLc "ih of Janmiry :— 
" Wiih tt^sjicet to your request, I cunnot possibly liare ouy diffioaJty iu rep<!«liug 
tn you in writiug-, w1)nt I liai] ho frequeully tiie houoiir of stMing to you in pcr«on, 
wbilst the AgHineunon whs at Genoa: the substance of tboise stntemento wsx, tlial 
by ilic expressi <iolieitationB of the ImprriBl Charge d'AITrures, I wrote to desiic 
your presence at Gcnon, in order to prevent ilie crew of tlie French frtgiilf, oad lli» 
Corps Franc of Jaufller, from making a Hecond attempt to land at Voltn, lUid thereby 
t« cut off the commiuiicntinn of ilje Ausirimt arroy wiiii Genoa, and with the rood of 
Ibr Bocehettn. Your continuance at Gen<in was in compliance with the wi*hea of 
the Austrian Charg6 d'Airnires, of the Colonel commandiitg the Au«triui lroop« at 
8. Pier d'Arsno, and of myself. It is to the presence of the Agamemnon, that lJi« 
ror]iA stulioncd at S. Pier d'Aitnn owce its Bofety; and it waA that canine nloue. 
which enabled several thousands of Austrian soldiers, as well as the Commander- 
in-Cliief himself, to effect their retreat by way of Vollri, Bivorola, and the Boc- 
ehettn. It certainly was nnforiunute that yonr Squadron should have been ao 
reduced, as tn have rejidcrrd il iin^wssible for yon to provide for every aervioe 
which was required of you by the Austrian peucnils ; but 1 nm entiirly {lersiiiuled, 
that on iliin, as well as on cverj- other occasion, you t'mployed the forve, whieh you 
bad, in the manner the most beuefieiid to the common cause ; and il ia with greol 
ntisfaciiou I uisurc you, that uuious as the Austrian geuerala are, to tnuulbr ttw 

JET, 37.] 




[From CUrke and M'Artliur, vol. i. p. 240.] 

Deccmher ISlli, 1706, 
have liad letters from my poor Lieutenants and Midship- 
len,' telling me that few of the French soldiers are more than 
iiy-ihree or twenty-four years old ; a great many do not 
ccecd fourteen years, all without clothes ; and my Officers 
Id, they are sure my Barge's crew would have beat a hun- 
Ired of them, and that, had I seen them, I should not have 
iiought, if the world had l)een covered wiih such people, that 
could have beat the Austrian Army. The oldest Officers 
ijt lliey never heard of so complete a defeat, nnd certainly 
without any reason. The King of Sardinia was very near 
ooncluding a hasty peace in the panic : however, I believe we 
11 now make peace, when the Emperor must do the same. 
Illy hope we shall, if possible, keep St. Domingo ; if we can, 
the expenses of the war are nothing to what we shall gain, 
Tlie French have detached a Squadron towards Constantinople, 
and many think the Turks will join them : Captain Trou- 
idge is sent on this service with some Ships ; if he gets hold 

i of llio mLsfortaneB of the '^3rd of NovembeT from thenuelves to ub, tfacy have 

I 4une uniile jiiatioe to your zeulouR nnd iil)le oouduct : their couijvloiDta turn 

: the ifi:sui)icieiicv of the furce tmdcr your comnuud, and not upon the mode iu 

rli that force wns emiiloyed 

have uot yet itni your letter to General Wollis, aa I viah to submit to your 

tioD, whether it would be proper either for you, or roe, to offer any jastifi- 

of our conduct to a Foreign rieneral ; when it ia to our Sovereign and Lia 

aliiiw*, thai, we ore accouuiable. ] Lure already written to Lord Grenvillc 

[ibjeet of the oonipUIius of tlie Auiitrian officers; and I have on tliia, as 

I *rery other occusion, borne testlmoDy to the zeal, activity, and prudeno«, 

aenUy di-<tiugiii<)bed the whole of your conduct during the term of 

id at Vado ; and I have asaurcd his lordship, that both you, and myself 

tu give any fiirilier esplanatioua of our conduct that may be reijuirod 

',. or which the assertions of the Austrian generals may render necessary. It 

It) me, therefore, that we Mhould rent here, and that we ought to remain 

)t, until aome speoifto chargen are brought forward by the Austrian generals. 

1 bowertyr, you ehould think differently, I will either send your letter to General 

make any other commanirntion to him wliicji you may point out."^ 

M' Arthur, voL i. p. 'i^O. Captain Nelson was convinced by Mr. Drake'a 

i for cm the ICth of January he wrote to him — " My feeliiiga ever aUrei 

to too niee a aemie of honour are a little cooled." — JbiH. 

Taken priMsen by Uie French at Vadu. Vide, ante. 



of ilicm, lliey will not easily escnpe. Mr. Ilinton/ whoi 
my first Lieutenant, and Andrews, have Ixilli been pr 
from the services of Agamemnon. Reports soy I am U>-' 
offered the St. George, 90, as Sir Hyde Parker is going IB 
the Britannia ; or else the Zealous, 74, as Lord Hervey 
a 90-gijn Ship. Sir John Jervis seems determined to bci 
and I hope he will continue so. My kindest remembr 

to my father. 

Yours, &c- 

HonATio Nei 


[From Clarke miid M'ArOinT, vol. i. p. 250.] 


Lrglioni Bonds, Deceuiber 21<rt ,n 

I cannot allow the Lively, Captain Lord Garlics,' to htrfl 
chance of falling in with you, without bringing some ace 
of the state of the Agamemnon. We are getting on very I 
with our caulking; our head is secured; our rigging nenil 
overhauled ; and our other wants in as great a state of fflj 
wardness as I could expect at this season of the year ; and f 
the first week in January, I hope that Agamemnon will hel 
fit for sea, as a rotten Ship can be.* 

I have written to Genoa, directing Captain Cockburn 
take the Ships in that Port under his protection to Lcghor 
but should they, from any change of circumstances, not wisB 
to leave Genoa, the Meleager is then to join me here, by the 
3Ist of December, when I shall order Captain Cockburti to 
be ready for sea. By letters from Mr. Drake, of December 8tli, 
from Milan, it appears that the French, after having attempted 
to get into the plaiii of Piedmont, in which they failed, had 

* CupUiu Mnrtiti Ilintou. 
" AftenrRrd-. John, eighUi Earl of Golloway, K.T.; Uc died an AdminO of| 

Blue, in Much, 1831. 

* Wlit'n ilic AgJUncmuoH ciuac iwio dork lo be rcQllcd, tberc was not « _ 
ywd, s,jm1. nor uiy ]>ari nf lUf riggiug, litu whs obUgrd lo Iks repaired, owing lo^ 
shot t.Uo hud rfcpived. Ilei liiill bnd been loug secured liy inbles uened 
C/iir*f and M'Arthur. 



inlo t^rlnler-quaiters. The loss of llie Austrian Army 

yet ascertaitieil, but it is supposed to exceed 4500 men, 

|et), wounded, and deserters. General Wallis has 18,000 

with him,nnd stragglers are joining their corps very fast: 

I near Acqui» in a very good position for the defence of 

It. 1 understand the General has written to Sir Hyde 

r, since his defeat, but which I hear he is pleased to call 

ck, complaining of a want of co-operation on our parts. 

Lttke for granted, Sir, neither Sir Hyde nor yourself will 

inswer his letter, until I have an opportunity of explain- 

liie whole of my conduct. His Excellency Mr. Drake, 

Majesty's Minister at the Head-Quarters of the Army, to 

itm I always communicated all my proceedings, has borne 

I Lord Crenville the fullest approbation of my conduct. I 

\fm}y trouble you with one observation, that will almost 

ail answer to any letter General Wallis may have 

: — Tliai part of the Austrian Army which had to sus- 

an attack in front, as well as the tcrrihk Jire of the Gun- 

Ibo&ia, was the only part of the Army that was not forced, and 

! only part which retreated in a body ; a clear proof to my 

od, tlmi either the Gun-boats did little or no mischief, 

liwt the other parts of the line were not equally well 

led. I have written to General Wallis to congratulate 

;tl»ai (under the gi"eai misfortune) where he commanded 

went well. I have been long on my guard against these 

and months ago apprised them of what would 

■jr happen ; but they believed themselves invincible. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 


[Aatogrnpb, ia the Xrlnnn rnpeni,] 

AgwnanDiion, Lt>^bon], Docrnitwr 'JOUi, [1?0&.J 

My dear Brother, 

I had the pleasure of your letter of November 20th, ycstcr- 

M), aud most heartily wish you, Mrs. Nelson, my Aunt, and 

•II our friends near you, a merry Christmas, and many happy 

retnnu of the Season. It must give me satisfaction to find that 




from all quarters of England, from my King to die 
order, all join in acknowledging my services. Certain! 
may say to you, that none in this Country can be put in 
petition with what I have gone through ; and had it not 
for die neglect of my Admiral,' I should have quitted 
command with more pleasure to myself, as I should have 
a battle with the French Gun-boats which liarassed the 
wing of the Austrian Army. However, that, from the faui 
my Admiral, (too long to enter mto,) not being the case, it 
nHbrd satisfaction to my friends, that no blame has 
attempted to attach itself to my want of exertion ; on the 
trary. His Majesty's Minister, at the Head-Quoiters of 
Austrian Army, has borne to Lord Grenville the fullest appn* 
bation of my conduct : nor do I believe that, as far as relattt 
[to] me or my conduct, the Generals have wrote a word 
against me ; although I know they have complained of a woafr 
of a sufficient Naval force — not that I believe all our Fleet 
would have served them, unless they fought better than they 
did. But they wish, if possible, to throw the cause of their defeat 
to the molestation of the Enemy's Gun-boats ; but it is as ex- 
traordinary as true, that the right and centre were the only 
part totally defeated ; and the left, the part attacked by 
and hind, was tlie only part which resisted the Enemy, and 
the only part which retreated in a body — a plain proof tjiat 
eidier the other parts of the Line were not equally well defended* 
or that the Enemy's Gun-boats (which I own I believe 
no great harm. But the Austrians ran oway from some 
twenty [or] twenty-five miles from the Enemy, by frij 
General de Vins is suid to be dead. I think it very prol 
that grief, added to his bad health, may have shortened 

Our new Admiral* is at sea. I fear he is willing to keep 
with hin). He has wrote me, I am sorry to sny, o most flatter- 
ing letter, and I hear I am to be offered Su George or Zealous, 
but, in my present mind, I shall take neither. My wish is to 
see England once more, and I want a few weeks' rest, as do 
every one in my iShip. Mr. Andrews, my late First- Lieu- 
tenant is now a Captain, made by the Admiralty, for 

' liotliiun. 

* Sir Jolm Jcn-ia. 




of the Agamemnon. I have been fortunate in getting 

First-lieutcuunts made since I lefl England. You say I 

k*l write* I assure you, I believe I have wrote you from 

, no very long time ago. However that may be, I always 

! JOQ in affectionate remembrance. 

Deoomber 'iSlh, 

i^giwl is now out for a Fleet, which I take to be the 
from England, and I believe Sir John Jervis is 
tbem. We have nothing new here: no battles, no 
With kindest remembrances, believe me, 
Your most afiectiouate Brother, 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From CUrke and M'Artliiir, vol. i. p. 252.] 

Agaacmnou, Leghorn, 6th January,* ITOO. 
French, I am certain, will, this Spring, make a great 
lo get into Italy, and I think Sir John Jcrvis must be 
lire to keep them out. By the 1st of February, fifteen Sail 
llhoLine will Ih? ready at Toulon, with 140 Transports, and 
Mat bouts adapted for the coast of Iluly. The prevention 
ftbe intentions of the Enemy requires great foresight ; for, if 
landed, our Fleet is of no use, and theirs would retire 
kto Toulon, or some secure Port ; had they done so last year. 

' Oi Uw 4Ui of that month, Ciq>U2n Nolaon's Father wrote the foUowiiig bvautiftU 
r to hu dtatlngnishril Sou : — 
l*Tb» POBDiwnorTneQi of n afw fear oalla on a Father** lender and ain>etioiute 
jlnrwjoice witliiimnn the manycxlrnordiiiiiry CBCiipeiiyuii hove experienced, 
^r*(ili'i>«e ■ I'rovUleniiiU hiuid liml Liu griinnled yuu from ini {w tiding fl«Ug«rs: 
t cud fufi Being slill be jour thield iktid (trfcnder ! I haxc aloo further 
it>0 tJiO*« »rir)i|>|iruviiig rrflccLions, which arise from a uoiisciouttncu 
1 dons all, thai the Krcat truai repoe<!d in joa coiiiU require ; tad liiis you 
ant ^1 Id ihr hiirhe>tt ilr|;ref . May yon, nydear Sou, add year to year through a 
rliifr. 'Mirvribalilc tlelighr. that your own heart condenuu you not. It 

|di|r'i ." narrn'w limits of an epistle, mifliciently lo gratify a sou who 

> >rrrj mark of poMttal regard that language can eiipreM ; and little more tliMi 
Itfa wvtt Iteau within the compaaa of my abilitiea and very eon- 
I flf Ktion to bevtorw. (iod has Ueaeed no iufluitely, even beyond hope, 
ittitjm, to ■«« ny iKwtehty in |ioaaea«iou of what ia more durable than 
urimoouii » good luune, au uniaUIe dispoeition, upright conduct, tud pttro 

J 24 



whei e woiiltl Imve bten the ndvanUige of our action ? 'flic 
French will improve on their last year's foil}' : I am convinced 
in my own mind, that I know their very landing-place: if 
they mean to carry on the war, iliey must penetrate into 
Italy. Holland and Flanders, with their own Counirj', they 
have entirely stripped ; Italy is the gold mine, and, if once 
entered, is without the means of resistance. 

January 8th. — Our news, that the French are retiring from 
Holland, confirms in my mind their intention to force Italy: 
nothing else can save them, in any peace that may be near at 
hand. My Officei's and people who are prisoners in Fraocci 
are exceedingly well treated, particularly so by the Naval 
Officers ; and, as they say, because they belong to the Aga* 
memnon, whose cliaracter b well known throughout the Re- 

Yours, &c. 

Horatio Nei^son. 


fFroni Clarke nni M'Artbwr, vol. i. p. 2.'i5. Ou tl»c lOtli of Jumaj, ilio Ag« 
memnou joined ihf Fleet in Fioreuzo Bhv. wlien Captain Kelson had lits flrsl inlci- 
ticw with Admirul Sir Jobu Jcrvis, K.B., the Commnniler-in-CUief.] 

AgiuDomuon, Bt. Fiorenzo, COiii Jannnrv, ITPO. 

We were receiveil, not only with tlie greatest attention, but 
with much apparent friendship. Sir John Jcrvis's offer of 
eitlier the .Sr. George, 90, or Zealous, 74, was declined; 

reUgion: Dievr niii>t l>e iti« mipiMrterti of public Cum, mA titey will figlri ioiu 
tefrncc a^iutiM eu>y auil ti«)itaiBj'> The aluiost dniU proofs of vour UUhti 
S^Mrvanre of ^our mrioiis | »»« ^»^cim»> 4titks. iin> iJeitsiiig' rompeuMtioiu tot ymr 
iMif ibatnfr : every diMt|ipaiiitBMBl hat ita eooaoUtian, erery Mann ils Miceceding 
•niMkim, uid wv bring this hone baaMdialehr to vantirta. Ton we now in tli» 
vtTf Riertdiiui of lifr, luul liuvr ilaily oppnrtnntlie-ii of ^>«ring rirb ill kaovled^, of 
filling Tcnr Jhfwit <\r\A nrtt iH^^msrU lir«rt with lb»" >»ton«ii of food grain, whjrfa in 
timg 10 r |H>w^vts khftll (ieo«v, rImQ prvi« K UManre, anl 

■klDP p r away. Ukl •^•e h only made plMMBt b; luq<|py 

Kfl -\ ' •! »» hare sunn iu yoiiUi. Be Kunnrd, w] 

v ktofk In \ht* tr*pcct i» low: my e<liir»iioii. 
yr ^.i; M. iMtc Immi an acuuNt ni«. Pitt, 

1 >ir ^.. .. Uy tUiUlg *Vb H clirnrrr, Ui«a 

i'f» «i« iniiai w a tfr : ■; •t'bra muat ahtmlmty 
I 'v«r»r aO «•■ timUr\Mkt' FarrwrU. Edmcvo 

n. 37.] 



bill with that respect, and sense of obligation on my pari, 
which sucU hantlsome conduct demanded of me. I found the 
Admiral anxious to know many things, which I was a good 
ikai surprts«xJ to Hnd had not been communicated to him from 
Mber&ia the Fleets and it would appear, that he was so well 
atbfied with my opinion of what is likely to happen, and the 
of prevention to be taken, that he had no reserve with 
K^)ecttng his information and ideas of what is likely to be 
doDc: he concluded by asking me if I should have any objection 
toiervc under ium, with my Flag. My answer was, that if I 
were ordered to hoist my Flag, I shoukl certainly be happy in 
Kning under hira; but if Agamemnon were ordered to go 
home, and my Flag were not arrivetl, I should on many 
Koounts wish to return to England ; yet still, if the war con- 
ttnoed, I should be very jiroud of the honour of hoisting my 
Flag under his command : and, I rather believe, 8ir John 
Jerris writes home this day, that if the Fleet is kept here, my 
FUg, on a promotion, may be sent to the Mediterranean. 
The credit I derive from all these compliments must be satis- 
haory to you; and, should I remain until peace, which can- 
not be very long, you will, I sincerely hojte, make your mind 
wy. Yet, sometimes, notwithstanding all I have said, I think 
DT promotion will be announced, and that I shall have a land 
royage: be it as it may, I shall take it easy. Agamemnon is 
ast going to sea, and I can assure you that my health was 
lercr better llian at this moment. 

Yours, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

[Ftum CUike anU M'Anlinr, vol. I. p. 267.] 

23rd Jonnuy, 17(M. 

jestcrday, joined the Meleager and Blanche, but the 
ler was too bad to have any communication until this 
ling: there is no appearance of any number of Vessels 
J collected, from Nice to Genoa, and no Vessel of war; 
)rcy any large embarkation cannot at present be intended 



on this Coast. As to a mere plundering party, in a fen 
Feluccas, it is perhaps out of the power of our whoU 
SquadroD to prevent it ; but I shall do my best. I sent tin 
Blanche to Genoa, with letters for Mr. Trevor and Mr, 
Drake, requesting them to give me all the information in theil 
power, respecting the Austrian and Sardinian as well as tlH 
French Armies, and also the Toulon Fleet. 

I am, &c. 

HonATio Nelsok. 

[From CUtke «nd M'Aitbor, vol. I. p. 207.] 

Gnlf of Genoa, STtli JaniioTT, ITDC, 

I sent you a line just as I was getting under sail from Si 
Fiorenzo. The Fleet was not a litde surprised at my leavia 
tliem so soon, and, I fancy, there was some degree of eirt 
attached to the surprise ; for one Captain told me, < You dil 
just as you pleased in Lord Hood's time, the same in Admirl 
Hotliam's, and now again with Sir John Jervis ;" it makes n 
difference to you who is Commander-in-Chief.' I returned 
pretty strong answer to this speech. My command here is t 
prevent any small number of men from making a descent I 
Italy. I hear no more of this promotion, and I sincerely hoi 
they will put it off a little longer ; unless, which I cannot w< 
expect, they should send mc out my Flag. My health W 
never better. 

Yours, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

• Sir Jolin Jeni»'* high opinion of Keljoii wag Uiui expre««ed to Mr. TncJ 

Mini>4ter al Turin, rut early u Ibe llili of Februorr, 171)8 : — " I run very liAppjrj 

Ifmrn tluU Ca^itoiu Nelson, whose zeal, iu:iisit.v, uid ruterprisr onooi be vorpttiJ 

sUuda »o Ligh in your good opinion. I hnvc only to Iruucirl the wuit of BIA 

/five Itim ili(! fommnud of « Squadron eqiul to iiia merit." — 2V*«r'» Mtmtrin' 

Stir/ Jf/. J'lHct^ni, vol. i. p, 172. 



[Tron Clarke ud M'ArUiur, vol. L p. 2S7.] 

LegLorn, 12t]i FebranT)-. 1700. 

The Frencli are making great preparations for opening the 

ennpaign in Italy ; and if the Austrians and Piedmontese do 

not «en tliemselves, Turin will be lost, and of course all 

Pieltnonl t Sardinia is in rebellion. I now see no prospect 

tfpeioe. Before the King's speech^ appeared, I had hope; 

botftom that moment I gave it up. Our new Admiral will 

not lind at Leghorn. 

[In eoatinuiuion,] 

Off the Hi#re« IsUiidi, ITtlj Pebrniry. 

Time, my dear Fanny, will soon wear away, when we shall, 

I doubt not, possess a cottage of our own, and an ample income 

toliveon; if not in luxury, nt least in comfort. As yet, I appear 

to stand well with Sir John Jervis, and it shall not be my 

fault if I do not continue to do so : my conduct has no mys- 

terj'. I freely communicate my knowledge and observations, 

and only wish, that whatever Admiral I serve under may 

jia«ke a proper use of it. God forbid, I should have any 

(othfr consideration on service, than tlie good of my Country. 

' I am now sent to examine the state of the Ships in Toulon ; 

flheir numbers we know full well, but the accounts of the state 
hey are in are so contradictory, as to leave us uncertain. 

Sir John Jervis is at present inferior to the French: they 
ire built five Sail of the Line since we left Toulon. 

' Hi* M^Mty met Ptfli«meiit on tlie 20ili of October, 1795, and ibe Spcccli from 
dm TtkTone ooiUaiJMd the following puiage in rcferenoe to France : — " The Uuirao- 
licm Bi4 Uiarcliy wliicU bjive ao long prevailed iu that connlry liarc led to a oritia. 
at w)a«b U i* as )et iinpo«nble to foresee the issn«, but vLieli must iu nil kimuui 
fnb^Ullv yroduoe conMqnenocs lii([h]y importuit to tlio intere»u of Europe. 
inMHiU Utia oriMH termiiiAte in uiy order of things compntible with the tranquillity 
■f odtfT eoantrie*, and afliurdingarcaRonKble expectation of aecority and {wnnuenee 
in asy Uvatv whicL might he conchidcd, the appearance of a diapooition to atgo- 
itala for general Peace on just and suitalilc terms will not foil to be met on my part 
vtih aa Nkntoitt deaire to give it the fullest and ipccdiest effect. Bnt I am per- 
•OMtad Uioi yon will agree with toe, that nothing ia <iu likel; toendoroand accelerate 
Ikia 4««arBlil» end, ac to ahew Uiiu we are prepared for eitJier allematire, and are 
to proaecule tho war with the utmost energy and rigour, until wc lukve 
I of con^lmiing, in ooi^anotion with our Allie«, snob a peace as tlie jiutice 
i the altsMSra of tlie Enemy may cnUtle a» to expect." 




FcbmiirT '»Ut. 

I am now on my way to Genoa, having been joined by th 
Admiral on the 23rd, off Toulon. The French have thirteen 
Sail of the Line and five Frigates ready for sea ; and four or 
five, which are in great forwardness, are fitting in the areeoJ* 
Sir John Jervis, from his manner, as I plainly perceive, dt 
not wish me to leave this stzition. He seems at present to 
consider me more as an associate than a subordinate Officers 
for I am acting without any orders. This may have its diffi- 
culties at a future day ; but I make none, knowing the upright- 
ness of my intentions. He asked nie, if I had heard any more 
of my promotion ; I told him, ' No:' his answer was, ' You 
must have a larger Ship, for we cannot spare you, either as 
Captain or Admiral.' Yours, &c. 

Horatio Nel80N. 


[Aiicogrfipli, iu the possession of John Luxfbrd, E»q.] 

Leghorn, Febrnary ITUi, 1790. 

Please to send by my Cockswain, ten Tuscan crowns for 
Mr, Bolton/ which place to my account. Pray send our 
people on board from the prizes. I hope they have pratlquej 
if not, get it for iliem directly. The Ship is unmoored, ondl 
only waiting for our people, who must have pratique. 

Yours truly, 
_ . Horatio Nelson, 


[From Cl«rke ami M'ArtUnr, vol. i. p. -ioS,] 

[About the 2nA March, 17110.] 
fin this Letter, Cuptsin Nelson mentioned his nrrivsl at Oeno« on the iu 
of March, and then Baiil] — 

I hope to hear of some intended movements of the Austriaj 
Army towards Vatlo. I am certain, from Sir John Jervis' 

' ^''' "1". "fterwar.l, CuvUin Sir WilliMH Bolton. 

"^,;„ ,-^ '■ •''■'■""'* •«"' ""^ l^^«" a«t Viscount H«,n,Hieu, 

• *•'*»«" ''•^'l »•- \>^^'h'^ •« third Viscouut nJy^o, 

■'ii«t?, wlwii-ViNVrtWUt^Wrnine rxtiiu-t.] 



ovn atterUofi» iliat nothing will be wanting on liis part tu- 


ition, consistent >« 
enow are require 

Itich you so well Know are required oi nn 
I ; and I can take upon me to say, that he wilt come to 
VmJo Bay, when future plans may be better concertetl. I 
help thinking that the taking of Vailo woulil be a great 
, irui that it must be done early in tlie spring; or the 
iiuemy's Fleet may with ease cover a body of troops in Trans- 
■ and land them in Italy. I was six days in sight of 
; and could each day see a visible getting forward of 
Uieir Ships. I believe we shall have a battle before any Con- 
voy sails, and which pray (Jod send ; for ihc event, under so 
active n ad gCKxl an Adniirul, who can doubt of? I am just 
IJivourcd with your letters of February (Sth, 13th, and 18th: 
if the Admiral liad small Vessels, he could not venture to un- 
mm his Fleet. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

[From Clarke aud M'Artliur, toL i. p. 'J.')H.] 


Genoa Mole, Snl Mnroh, 1700. 

i left Sir John Jervis off Toulon on the 23rd of February, 
sincerely hope he has not suffered in the very severe gale 
'easterly wind which I have experienced ; our stern is stove 
' in, and several of our quarter planks started. If the Admiral 
[ttnfbrtunately should be crippled, the French Fleet would be 
[at sea hi a week; and, at all events, I do not believe they will 
Iremain longer in Port than till after the equinox. It is said 
[the campaign will open against Italy with 80,000 men ; if 
'- fleet shouhl be able to cover the landing of '20,000 
;ii Port Especia and Leghorn, where I have always 
m of opinion they would attempt it, 1 know of nothing to 
revent their fully possessing the rich mine of Italy. I hope 
Austrians will again take possession of Vado Bay, which 
woold of course impede not only the along-shore voyage of 
ihe French, and afford our Fleet an opportunity of falling in 
VOL. n. K 




limn, when one week's very superior Fleet will efTect a 
between Port Especia and Leghorn, I meim on tlint 
uf Italy, when they will of course possess themselves of 
, and there is nothing to stop their progress to Rome 
Naples : we may fight their Fleet, but unless we can 
them, their Transports will push on and eflect their 
What will the French care for the loss of a few 
f-war? it is nothing if they can get into Italy. This 
gold-mine, and what, depend on it, they will push for. 
Ule I have seen of Sir John, I like ; and he seems 
with my conduct, and does not seem very willing to 
go home, even if Agamemnon does. I left the Ad- 
fon the 23rd ult., to the westward of Toulon. I told 
of your remembrances to him. Mr. Summers has sent 
omchis commission, and although the Officer in whose room 
came, was only invalided, yet the vacancy ought to be a 
pod one, as he died very soon afterwards; therefore the list 
aoC increased by his appointment. I suppose Admiral 
\Uatan vUl be tliinking of homeward steering; he has spent 
tw'iaier at Naples, and been well received. 
How unfortunate Admiral Christian has been !' I hope our 
Wai India Islands will not suffer more than they have done ; 
Wl I »ee W'ilberforce is meddling again with the slave-trade, 
feel very much obliged by Simon Taylor's remembrances ; 
fsj do not forget me to him when you write. Was I an 
Admiral, there is no station I should like so well ill a war, as 
I think I could give satisfaction by keeping the 
free from privateers, which I know is the general com- 
■gminst our Admirals. I have got your quarter cask of 
very safe, and it ought to be very good. 1 shall, if I 
e bume, order a hogshead from Mr. Duff, as you say you 

ofNoremlxr, 1705, R^or- Admiral Ilogh Cloljirry ChriBiifUi, his 
> 0««rfe, 09, Mil«d from St. Helen's idtli n Squadron of Sbipa of 
.ttttaiuifotiA and West ludiameu, Lnving lO.CKK) troops on 
;lb« FtwcL and Dutch Setllemema in tlic West Indies; Lul 
-«iled, the Fltcl wta disperswi hy a hciivv gale, in wLioli many 
■l Mrrchftutmen fouwI«'red, Httting re[>«ired tlicir dwnAgwi, ibe 
I bum St. Helen'* on ibe »lh tif December, Imt it wn.s K^nin ili^persed by 
I of wfndt whieh ooniwUcd the Bear-Adiniml and bdiu« of the 8Uij)!» of 
I HvrehaM «wa«k to ratora lo BpiibMd. 



want mine. Wc are this day covereJ %vith snow, nnd intensely 
oold; this will make the campaign later in opening, but 
every day fresh troops are arriving to reinforce the French 
army. I have my fears for Piedmont, unless the Emperor 
ordei-s many more troops than he has at present. I b^ you 
will remember me kindly to every part of your family, and do 
not forget me to such of our friends as you may meet wiUw 
Mr. Bradley, &c. Believe me 

Yours most truly, 

Horatio Nelsov. 


OcBM Mote, Mweh itb. ITM. Dm^ 

My dear Brother, 
I am truly sorry to find, by my letters from Bath, that poor 
Aunt Mary" lias been very ill. I fetl mi>ch for her, and shall 
truly rejoice to hear she has goC better, smd may be comfortable 
for several years. I am just come from looking into Toulon, 
vkere tlier^ are thuteen Sail of the Line and fire Frigates, 
ready for sea, and some others fitting in the .\rsenal ; there- 
lore* probably we shall soon have another battle in the Medi* 
Uiraiiean ; and I hare little doubt but it will, if the Fnendi give 
us as good o p port u nities, be destructive to the Fleet of Fnmoe. 
But I own m}^r rather of opinion, that a Squadnm firom 
L*Orient will join Cittxen Richery,* at Cadis, and they wilt 
Imw a rrry superior FWet to ua. Dot figfai we mnrt, or Italy 
will be lott this snmmcr ; tor not less than 80,000 men are to 
open the campaign ; and if their Traasporta can land, under 
coi-vr of tbenr FWe^ 90,000 men n tbe plnn cooatiy of Italy, 
reoMuna to stop dwir marek in Rone and Naples — 
'*- «ar a revolt. 

sail next month : whetber I am to be of 

•bUU. Sir Inha doas not appear vciy 

\>at K^ioM of na anBt go : perfa^ 







5hijB may be coming out to relieve us. I sliall not be vert/ 
to see England again. I am grown old and battered to 
[pieces, and require some repairs. However, on the whole, I 
lIuivc stood the fag better than could have been expected. I 
I sorry to tell you, the fancied rich prize is not likely to be 
Jemned: I believe the captor will be glad to give her up 
tin. However, I never built much on her: if I return not 
[poorer than I set out, I shall be perfectly satisfied ; but I be« 
lie»e the contrary. ^line is all honour: so much for the Navy 1 
|1 have not heard from you for a long time. I now look daily 
for a letter. How does Robert llolfe* do? You will re- 
loember me to him. 1 dare say he is happy, because I believe 
llie deserves to be so : and do not forget my remembrances 
lloour friends at Swaifham. Josiah is very well, and often 
lires after you. Remember me kindly to Mrs. Nelson 
\n\ AunL Your children are not yet, I suppose, corre- 
ondcttls, although I know ihey can write. Believe me, ever 
Your most affectionate Brotlier, 

Horatio Nelson. 

[Frgm Clarke nud M'Axthur, to), i. p. Sftli.] 

Agamemnon, Genoa Molo, 4tli March, 171)0. 

Is tlie whole Island' in rebellion, and friendly to the French, 

td would it be dangerous for an English Ship to anchor in 

risLui, or any other port in Sardinia? Should t!»e Vessels 

Jonging to the Sardinians be seized ? In short, Sir, pray 

mc, in what light the King of Sardinia considers the in- 

litants of that Island, and how you think I should consider 

em. I dt«l not, I own, rejoice at the snow, and the very bad 

lev wc have had, until you told ine how bcnefifiul it may 

ife to our good Ally the King of Sardiiiiii, whom I shall 

wy» respect. 

I am, &c., 

Horatio Nelsok. 

Bit, lite ItevvraiMi liobcrt KoUc, so often meulioucd. 

" a«djiii». 




[From CUrke and M'Arthur, roL i. p. 259; who »UU Oiai, ia iiii* 
t«iu Nelson sent ii general ncconot of kis rorreeponiimcr with their 
Mr. TrtTor and Mr. Dnke, and conclnded br Mriog] — 

Lcshem. lOita Usch,! 

Mr. Wyndham's letter from Florence, shows tkati 
Tuscan Government are ready to receive a French gar 
will be very diflRcult to prevent it until we possess ^' "^ 

points for us to look to, are a small Squadron off For 
with one on the other side of the Gulf, for the present embm k' 
lion will be in small Vessels; but if die Genoese will noli 
their passage, there is nothing to prevent, in a march ofl 
eight hours, the arrival of the French at Leghorn. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nf 


[Aulogiapb, in Uie Mimo Papets.] 

Leghorn, Hitreh lOOi, 17IM,] 

Dear Sir, 
As I think you will like to know my proceedings, which 
can truly say are always employed to the best of my know- 
ledge for the Public good, 1 send you my letter to Sir Joht^ 
Jervis for your perusal, which be so good, when read a«- 
seal up.*^ 

Believe me, dear Sir, 

Your most faithful 
To bis EiMiUcnoy the Vice-Bof. HoTlATIO NelSON.I 


(_From ilie " Letteis oC Lord Nelson lo Lady Uauiiltoii," vol. ii. p. ;!»'7. U 
also priiilod by Cluikc oud M'Arthur.but witL their usua] inronr-cUiess.] 

AgamvnmoD, Leghorn, 1 1 th March, 1T90. 

Mr. Wyndlmm having communicated to Mr. Udney, the 

conversation of the Frencli Minister with the Tuscans, I cannot^ 

• Apparently lUe precediag Lettvr. 



die Admiral with the command of the small 
a the Gulf of Genoa, but think it right for me to 

rir Excellency will apply for such Vessels of War 
his Sicilian Majesty, as may be judged proper to 
; Gulf of Genoa, and particularly off the Point of the 
Bcia. Zebecs, Corvettes, and Frigates are the fittest 
Wd the first have the great advantage of rowing, as 
ng, I am told, very fast. General [Acton'] knows, 
I as myself, the Vessels proper to prevent the 
lion of Troops on this Coast ; therefore I shall not 
}int them out. Last campaign, the word Flotilla 
stood : I can only say, that all Vessels which can 
must be useful ; and for Small-craft, Port 
:urc harbour. 

is to be done, should be done speedily ; for by 
.ham's account, we have no time to lose. If we 
Vessels, I am confident the French will not 
Hng their 10,000 men by sea; and should they 
through the Genoese territories, I hope tlic 
II prevent them. But, however, should all our 
^nol be able to prevent the Enemy's possessing 
of Leghorn, yet we are not to despair. Fourteen 
Hbeir entry, if the Allied Powers unite heartily, I 
mtwe shall take them all prisoners. I am confident 
therefore — (should such nn unlucky event take place^ 
■oesening themselves of Leghorn ) — I hope will be 
have sent to the Admiral. I am very lately Irom 
1, where thirteen Sail of the Line, and five Frigates 
for sen, and othei-s fitting. With my best respects 
['laroilton, believe me, dear Sir, your Excellency's 
ient servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

Hi* Bieilioa Uiy«Btf'B Prime Miiiiiiter. 





[FVom Clarke and M*Aithiur, ToL i. p. SCS.] 

Muvb lOth, 

Having received information, on which I am told 
depend, that Salicetti* is now here, with other Commissioneri 
for the express purpose of expediting the operations of ti 
French Army towards the invasion of Ital^r ; and that one a 
the three columns, into which that Army is to be divided, i 
either to penetrate through the Genoese territory, or to bi 
conveyed coas>tways to laite possession of Port Especia ; whid 
will instantly give them the flat country as far as Leghorn 
and no douht but a small Army appearing before Lcgb 
would, without any difficulty, make themselves masters i 
I therefore feel it my duly, as Commanding Officer of 
Majesty's Squadron employed on this Coast, and in thcabscnc 
of the Naval Commandcr-in-Chiefi to state clearly the faU 
consequences which will attend this plan of the French Com 
missioncrs. The possession of Port Especia will always gi\ 
an easy access to every part of Italy, even to the Kingdom i 
Naples, and also security to Transports, Ships of War, M 
small Vessels ; and 1 moreover beg it may be understood, ih 
if the French Flotilla proceeds along the Coast, our ShipsK 
war cannot molest them ; not being able to approach I 
Coast, from the shallowness of the water. I must besides o 
serve, that the Enemy possessing Leghorn, cuts off all o 
supplies; and of course our Fleet cannot always be looked I 
on the northern Coast of Italy. I therefore beg leave to sta 
ihut to obviate these misfortunes, two plans are necessary to 
attended to ; the first, and best, is the possession of Vado B« 
this done, as far as human foresight can discern, Itidy is sal 
the next is the taking of Port Especia ; and, as a Sea-offic 
1 beg leave to say, that unless one of these plans is adc 

• C'amiiiijHnrT of ilie Fr«ucli Govemuifiil with the Armies of Ituly uid i 
Aflflr tLe cvacunllnii of Corsica, be Wds sent to tbal IsUnd froui Lrglioni Ur BuS 
liiMlf. on iLo 17l)i ofOilobpr; mid his Addre** lo the t'or»ieiu>«. a«t<'d on ihe 2 


[Admiml, and Commander-in-Chief of bis Majesty's Fleet, 
aoawcr for the safety of Italy, from any alteinpls tliat 
be made on it Coastways. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From Clarke and M'Artliur, vol. i. p. 'i'>0.] 

At Sc«, lOtL March, 17(HI. 

leave to transmit copies of nil llie letters that liave 

'tween me and His Majesty's Ministers at Turin, 

Gtnon, and Naples ; that you may be in full possession of my 

I, and know whether I am worthy the honour of com- 

;^ ilic Squadron intrusted to my direction. My last 

Ittter to Mr. Drake, dated yesterday, is of so very important 

' :>', and the opinion I have given so very decisive, that I 

"jucst you will send me your ideas of my conduct, as 

tas possible: should it unfortimately be disapprobation, I 
only to regret that my abilities are not equal to my zeal. 
I am, &c., 
Ho RATIO Nelson. 

H [From Clarke and M-Artbiir, vol. i. p. 'M'i.] 

r Marolt IGtL, KflO. 

Mr. Drake having expressed a wish to see me, to commu- 
te many things which he did not think it right to trust to 
r, I arrivetl yesterday morning at Genoa, with Meleager 
Blanche, and held a conference with him. The same 
> which prevented him from writing, prevents me from 
ring fully on the part of the plan intimated in his letter, 
which at present is submiitetl to the consideration of 
isters: but, when I have the honour of meeting you, I am 
ill liberiv to communicate it ; for I would receive no in- 
lation, or plans, which I might not freely communicate to 
Mr. Drake expressed himself pleased at your deter- 



raiuation to give Uic Auslrtau General a tnecltiig, whcncTi 
diose to bring his Army on the coast ; but, at the sonic 
he suid, lie found it extremely difficult to moke ttiem hi 
the Riviera, although he had pressed very much to ha 
plan of the last year carried Into execution ; with the exi 
lion, in the first instance, of penetrating into Provence, 
Commander-in-Chief of the Army was not yet fixed on; 
it was understood that the Archduke was to be the nomtj 
and General Beaulieu the active Commander-in-Chief, 
Beaulieu wished to meet the French in tlie plains of Lorn 
and then to follow up the blow, which he had no doubt 
be decisive. 

I could not help observing, that tlie very reason wb; 
General wished to meet them in a particular place, wouJi 
course be the rexison why the French would not peuelfi 
that route; and that respiecting the information, which I 
received, of the intention of tlie Directory to order the 
ment of their Army in three columns, one by Ceva, 
by tlie pass of the Bocchetta, and another to marcli ih: 
the Genoese territory, or be carried coastways to Port 
which would give them an easy entry into llie plains of I 
I had no doubt the two first would be feints, and die last 
real plan. I must here observe, that before night, Mr. D 
Imd the same information communicated to him ; and 
that a lx)dy of troops would be embarked on board the F! 
the moment Richery arrived from Cadiz, and a push be 
for Port Especia. This information induced me, and, if 
sible, more strongly than ever, to press the measure of takioj 
Vado, or Port Especi;i, without delay; and I adde<l, tJwi 
without one or the other was done, you could not answer for 
the safety of Ilaly coastways, it being now perfectly clear for 
what the two hundred Flat boats were built, and the numerous 
Gun-boats fitted out. Mr. Drake told me, that he had already 
urged the measure of taking A^ido, and would continue to do 
it, and would also instantly press the necessity of jxesessing! 
Port B^pecia, if I would declare, that our Naval force should! 
support the Austrians from attacks by sea : which, I said, 
there could be no doubt of, for it would be the home of our 
Squadron employed on tliis coast. He then desired me to, 
give my opinion in writing, as the authority of a Sea-offioer 



weiglit tlian all lie could urge ; and tbib was 
of my wriiing the letter, on whicb 1 am so anxious 
your sentiments. 

li has failed in his demand for the loan of thirty 

of livies. On his first detnand, when it was generally 

(>od, tliat five millions would be given him to get rid of 

Drake came to Genoa, and, with all the Ministers of 

**oed Powers, joined in a Note to the Serene Republic, 

i * ll»ey had beard of the demand made by the French, 

JW not believe that the Republic would so far forget her 

Hpi as to comply with it : that if She did, the coalesced 

**Ould no longer recognise her as a neutral Slate, but 

•"ly of France.' The demand of SaliceLti was taken 

'***'deration on the night of the 12th, and was rejected 

j *HJtiinst 34. — Information from Toulon was received 

. *y •>)' Mr. Drake, that an embargo has been laid on 

^ *; the gates were shut, and no person was sutfered to 

' I Uje Town. This is an additional inducement for my 

'oto that Port, which being done, I will despatch a 



fAppuently in contiouation.] 

Off Uie Hicres Islimds, 18Ui Moicli. 
, ^ucb to have the honour of seeing you, and the 
^ear of your arrival at Su Fiorenzo, I shall go there. 
' did nte the honour to offer me the Zealous, you 
^teil <vith my reasons for not accepting her. In 
i/* ^^'ou approve of my conduct, I beg leave to 
^ si3a.ll feel pleasure in serving under your com- 
fj cUMse n promotion of Flags should take place, I 
|j2it: your mention of me to Lord Spencer would 
y IxcLve my Flag ordered to be hoisletl in this 
5 5^e«Jou9, most probably, is di.sjwsed of long 
TMOt^^ tind you approve of me for this command, 
ixa 01* Admiral, I am at your disposiil. Mr. 
c;<7s^'vei>:ation, on my telling him that I thought 
would go home, and that probably the 
seel of, said, * as 1 last year represented to 
1. tJje propriety of ordering you a Distin- 
ct and also did the same to Lord GrenviUe, 
ilJ. perhaps direct you to hoist it on board 


TAiglc, which will make her as good as Agamcronon.' 
ihese. Sir, and many other poinis, I sliall lake ihe fir^i i 
tuniiy of consulting you. The opening of this campaiga ; 
be warm, and most important: everything will be riske 
ibe part of the French, to get into Italy. Mr. Grey^s i 
for peace, on the I5tli February, was lost by 1S9 to 50.' 

I am, &c., 

Horatio Nkuoj 


[Fr"ni Clnrke and M'Artbar, vol. i. p. 204.] 

M«roit .mil, 

I do not know when I have been so ill, as during this cr 
but t hope a good opening to the campaign will set me i 
to rights. Whilst I receive from your Excellency, from 
Trevor, and my Admiral, every approbation of my condu 
should be a wretch not to exert myself. 

I am, &c., 

Horatio Nsuox. 


[From Clarke uid M'AnLur, toI. i. p. 204.J 

[Ib a prvrioot |NkragT»ph, Capl«iii Nelson appear* to bare •aid Utai be «W* 
MMd ha Uie taUoving extract from Sir John Jerrii' Letter to Mm : — ] 

2.Mh M«rtL, 1790. 

• I have received by the Blanche, your two letters, of il* 
16th and 19th instant, together with tlie several euclosures, 
and copies of your correspondence at Turin, Genoa, ^^ 
Naples ; and I feci the greatest satisfaction in comnmnicating 

* Mr. (now F.arl) Ore/s motion was for an Addreia to tbe King, stating \htitvt* 
i>r lliH House of Commons that liifi Afi^jest; would take such ntepf a« lie Ihou^l'' 
profvcr fnr rommunirtitinFr directly to tLe EjtcctiliTe Govcniiuout of iLo Ff*"* 
l(r|)ii1ilic liiN Maj(-<iiy's rr<uline!>s to meet any disposition to negotiate un tlir par' ^ 
ilmt <to\rrunirnt with ui earueKl denin? to (fire it tbe fullest wtd !«iie<'(lic>i i'in*l< 

' Aduiinil Sir .John Jt-nis, in arknowledpujr ilie irceipt of tliosp leiii-rs on '!•' 
aist ofMarcli, «aiil, " I feci llir grpnt^^l sulisfftctlon in commiiniotiug tlii" p«k^''' 
t«*liniony of my Uiorongli approbation of your lale and recent cnm-hpoadeoM •'"^ 
oouJu«i.'_r„cJtcr'* JInmir o/ Earl t^ St. Vincent, ^ol. L p. lia. 




public testimony of my thorough approbation of your late 

ict, and recent correspondence.* In his private letter, Sir 

Jerv'ts added, * No words can express the sense I enter- 

of every part of your conduct, and I shall be very happy 

lifest it in the most substantial manner : a Distinguishing 

It you shall certainly wear, and I will write to Lord 

about you : in short, there is nothing within my 

that I stiali not be proud to confer on you.' All 

■y dear Fanny, is certainly flattering and pleasant ; and 

blossoms may one day bring forth fruit. I have just 

in llie papers, that Admiral Christian has a Red ribbon ;* 

it has given me pleasure to see, that merit, although unfor- 

Lte, is not always neglected. God bless you, and give usn 

ppy meeting, and soon, is the sincere wish of your most affec- 

I husband, 

Horatio Nelson. 

irVw" Mrmoin of On Eurl of St. Vincent," Ly Jeaediah Stephens Tncker, Eiq. 

Ii.M.S. AKuncinnon, Marcli' 28, 170(1. 


_Tbe Blanche is returned,' but with very few stores ; not 

enough lo mend our sails — lOlbs. of twine, no tar, 

[Spar. We have, literally speaking, no top-gallant yards, 

steering-sail booms, those we have up, arc fished, not an 

of paint, and many other things, the Commissioner* tells 

but I send his letters. We want much, and I must 

11 will give me your order to purchase stores. I assure 

Sr, not an article shall be got but what is absolutely ne- 

I am, Sir, your very humble Servant, 

HoiiATio Nelson. 

' AinJral Clirtsiian (vide p. 131. ante) wm luvcKited vtiih Ute Urder ofUie 
iilw t'Ui uf February, ITUU; Lc proocodcd to the West ludics toaa After, 
llMia SffTfOilier, I7I>«. 

* U Mr. J«(l«(lUli Tucker'* work, tLb Letter ii laid to Imre been d^ted ou tLe 
la/Ayrnl; but tlii« in nriilciitly a tvpogrotiUitial eiror. Vide p. liO, uite. 
' TTi» ('i>intni>'<)>>iii'r of liii? NoTy at Gibraltar. 




[From Clarke aai M'Anhor, toI. i. p. :!(tH.] 

Otaot, Oili ApO, 

ily dtor Sir, 
IS fiiTOured on the 1st of this month, with yoar 
I 29th, nnil on Saturday I went to Fiorenzo to till 
Kr John Jervis, We may rely on every support and < 
.acstttaooe from him : we have only to propose, and, If [ 
will be done. I hope the Galleys and Chin-boats 
It in abundance, and I have a plan for forcing them I 
ful ; which is, to buy two 'l'nrtan.s Ht them as heavy 
»t$, an«i occasionally man them from the dipping 
Hiis will enable me to go myself, or send a 
ind the whole, in which case I shall be sure 
serrioe wUl be performed : when the time approaches, «e| 
^■lalk more on this subject. The Transport-ships Sir John , 
^P^iil find ; hut troops from Corsica we must not expect. 
mBT> Sir, .nssure General Beaulieu, that on wliatever 
ibe Coast he comes, I shall never quit Wim. If he is able,l 
wfiningf md expedidous, I am sure we shall do much ; 
wlwo e ver that time comes, I sliall hope lo see you. 

rntnl has directetl me to wear a Broad Pendant,* and i 
«loiM in the handsomest manner ; — he will oome off Vi 
I am, &c. 
HonATTo Nelsc 
P.S. The Diadem* has just joined, and we only wish 
«|iportnmiy of acting. Yesterday I received a letter 
Naplea, in answer to my request of March the 1 Ith ; and 
itave lite pleasare fo say, that the Galleys and Gun-boats iir^ 

*OatlMiOlti«l April. Mr. liosWttben & Mi^tii|»iium of Ute Afunemaoa, * 
l»UaaMktrCN«0«MMM— ^OvS^Mdroo tt yfNem eauisu of iwo S^ 
U» Lte» lad tar FklcHHt but it is to be inereMed in die nuamer, wlien wt •!« 
■M ««nl tor aai«Ma«at. 1 oukc no douVt, n ovr OaBaodoK does not lika I* [ 
Mhu 1 woffom J9VZ coitodij u cxcit«d by tb« wortl Cammodort NXson. It fH 
■M itdtnil* fktiBim lo be «M<- to rclicrv it. 1)j iulbrining jx)u liiu our good CifC^ 
baa had thi* addition*! mark ot (tiadnciira eonfetred on hin, whiob I dare wKf ^ 
*iU agTM vilL lae, ilut hi.x merit richly dwanuj. His Broad Fendanl is now Mjif 
iltrTTifcn I oitut brg ni.T dear ftuber to draw tn additional coric in honoor tH &^ 
gmUant couairjmm.'-'Mrmrin ofCtftakn Sir Wllli*m Hinlt, vol. I p. M, 

• Captain Cliaries Tvlcr. 




[Trom Clarke mi M'Ariliiir, vol. i. p. ^H.'i.] 

Off Genoa, 7 111 April, 1796. 

itenant Pierson of the 69th Regiment informs nie, that 

to be ordered on board the Britannid, there being 

one subaltern there, and tlmt Major Saunderson' is to be 

ilbarked on board the Agamemnon, to which it would seem 

(could have no manner of objection. But I think, from a 

iilar circnmstancc, that Mr. Pierson will not be re« 

1 me, and I hope Sir Hyde Parker* will agree with 

I in tlic propriety of his staying here, abstracted from my 

for him, as he was brought forward in the C9th Regi- 

t, under the auspices of Colonel Villettes and myself, hav- 

■ come to us at the Siege o( Bastia, as a volunteer from the 

liian service, and never having served with any one but 

ives. Yet this I should lay no stress upon, were I not 

particularly situated. We are likely, I hope, to have a 

iroerous Neapolitan Flotilla, which of course will be under 

command : this Officer was my Aide-de-Camp to ihem 

year, as well as to the Austrian Generals : I will only 

*, in an attack on the Enemy's flaidc, that I want to 

•end particular directions; I know of no person so qualified 

Lieutenant Pierson, to prevent mistakes and confusion in 

orders, both from his acquaintance with the Neapolitan 

ce, and his knowledge of the Italian language. 

I am, &c. 

HoKATio Nelson. 


[Origiaol, in the Adminlty .] 

Agamenmoc, Gulf of GenoK, April 6tL, ITtKI, 
[I am honoured with your letter of the 4tli Instant, transmit- 
from Mr. Nepean to you, and directing you to cause 

AlexMider Sanndenon of tli« 6Ptb Rt'Riineiit : h4< vru mtAt k LicntfOttiit- 
nut : but eitlier retired nroni lite Axinx or diod before 1803. 
)-AAaunl Sir Ujde Parker, iLe seoond in coinmiuid. 



inquiry to be made into certain circumstances slated by 
Marquis of Spinola, the Genoese Minister at the Coort 
London, as insulting, and a breach of Neutrality, to tL- 
public of Genoa, and wliicli you have directed me to gr 
answer to, as nil tlie circumstances alluded to are supposedly ' 
have been committed by the Squatlron under my orders. 

I shall endeavour, Sir, to be as brief as possible consistent 
with clearness in my answer to every circumstance stated by 
the Genoese Minister. 

As to the political situation of Genoa, the reason why 
Foreign Armies took possession of certain parts of the Republic, 
does not come within the supposed sphere of my knowledge; 
therefore I shall proceed to the accusation against his M.v 
jesty's Ships, reserving myself to draw a conclusion very dil^ 
ferent from the Marquis. 

The first complaint is, the distress of the western Coast of 
tlie Republic from want of provisions: to tliis I answer, that 
the Genoese Government having proposed a plan for the sup- 
plying their Towns with provisions, the Siinie was arranged 
with his Majesty's Minister at (Jenoa, and acceded to by the 
Austrian General and myself, akliough those Towns were io 
possession of the French troops ; and the Marqnis does not> 
even pretend to state, that any Vessels furnished with ibe 
documents arranged with his Government, were molested of 
detained on their voyage. 

The next liostile act stated to have been committed, was o«* 
the 26th of August 1795, at Alassio, when the place wa^ 
threatened with demolition and conflagration, a Genoese 
vessel burnt, and another seized, together with some of the 
same Flag, under caimon-shot of the castle, having Genoese 
colours flying. 

To this I beg leave to reply by facts. Tlie French Army 
occupied the Town, to the number of 2000 horse and footi 
having cannon mounted on different parts of it: a Convoy of 
warlike stores arriving at this place for the French Arroyi I 
anchored in the Day of Alassio and Langueglia, and took « 
French Corvette, four other Vessels of war, and five or six 
I'Vench vessels, laden with powder, shot, shells, and provi- 
sions. It is true, •*'"* '^enoese colours were flying on a castle 




Town ; but the Frendi colours were laid over the wall, 
the French troops, wiib their colours flying, were drawn up 
[thr Castle, in front of the Castle, and in front of the Town, 
llbe b«acli, and fired from tlie beach on our Boats employed 
atting out tlie Vessels ; and my forbearance will be const- 
OS great, when I assert, that fifteen musket-balls passed 
agh my Uarge, yet I would not suffer the Town to be firetl 
A Vessel, wliose cable was cut, and ran on shore, was 
led, in opposition to all the French tr(X)ps : and I here 
1, on the honour of an Officer, that no Genoese or other 
Dtral vessel was kept possession of; and indeed it is acknow- 
by my conduct to the Adriot vessels, that Neutrals had 
lly to declare their Neutrality, to claim respect from me. As 
jlhe threats of demolition and conflagration to the Town, I 
le to say, that I neither received, nor setu any message, nor 
wiy communication with die Town whatever ; therefore 
ibb must be wilful misrepresentation. 

To the circumstance of August 27th, 1795, where it is 

Mated, thnt the Englisli pursued another Vessel, and chased 

Iter into a little Bay, and cannonaded her upon the Territory of 

ilic Republic, I must here observe, that altliough the Genoese 

. may claim, and have undoubted right to, the possession of 

|Bbr Territory, yet the French having taken possession of 

^Hny foot of ground from Ventimiglia to Voltri, erected bat- 

Hties at whatever places they thought proper, ordered requi- 

Ttions of provisions, mules, and drivers; firing on the Ships 

^Ltiieir Enemies, although they may be friends of the Ge- 

^Hte. Are not these acts, which the Marquis must acknow- 

^oge to be every day committed, proof sufficient that the 

fell, and not the Genoese, are Masters of the Country ? 
can tfie French allowing Genoese flags to be hoisted on 
of the fortifications, alter the case: the Vessel alluded to 
French Gun-boat, whicli hud fired on his Majesty's Ship, 
aod received the chastisement she so highly merited; but thi^ 
■MpcDod on a beach where not a house belonging to the 
P^fc>ese could be injured. 

Tlie next accusation is, dmt, on the 6th of September, an 
Eaglish Ship of the Line, &c., having captured a Brig off St. 
)o put an English crew on board, and sent lier m, threat- 
lo burn seven Adriot and Genoese vessels, and another, 

>L. IT. L 



which was a Frenchman, in ihe very Port of St. Remo. I 
have only to say, that not having captured a Brig off tbe Port 
of St. Remo, I could not send in any message by her : and I 
also declare, that I never sent any message into St. Ilemo. 
Had I acted as they say, my line of conduct must have taken 
a sudden change ; for only on the 26ih of August, eleven 
days before, it is asserted what respect I paid to Adriot vessel*, 
then in my power. It is true, I chased ten Sail into St. Reno; 
but there it ended. 

On the 9th of September it is stated, that an English Ship 
of the Line, &c. anchored on the Coast off Delia Riva, and 
took two Genoese Tartans, and that, when a signal was ninde 
from the shore, no other answer was returned, than showing] 
their guns ; and that on the same day, the same Boats sei: 
another Vessel at anchor off St. Stephano. It is true I an 
chored on the Coast, as staled ; but as to my taking two V 
sels, it is an untrudi. Our Boats examined two Tartans, an 
finding them actually Genoese, left them : a French boat w: 
taken on the coast of St. Stephano, the crew having fired ol 
our boats. As to the signals made from the shore, or 
Agamemnon showing her guns, the first I could not nnd 
stand; and respecting the Inst, I never heard of a Matt 
War's guns being hid. 

As the Marquis of Spinola appears to have been well 
nished with accounts of our procceilings, I wonder he did n 
relate a fact, which it is natural to suppose came to his kn 
ledge, as a representation of it was made by Mr. Drake to 
Genoese Government— viz., that the Boats of the Agamemm 
with English colours Hying, going to examine three Vessel 
on their coming alongside the Vessels, were fired upon 
seventeen of his Majesty's Subjects killed and wounde 
representation was raaile at Genoa of this barbarous act, 
believe the Vessels could not be found out. The similar c 
cumstance, acknowledged by the Marquis on the l.^th, isl 
proof of the barbarity of these Adriot Vessels, when they hi 
the superiority. It is said, that two English Long-boats woiijl 
have captured two Adriot Vessels proceeding for Genoa, m 
they nor -evented by the fire of the Ottomans. Tl 


* Vide, Kote. 




ihe Enn^lish Ships will, if possible, examine every Vessel they 
meet with, is certain, and in this they do their duty. The 
•f iron flred on shore, most probahly came from the 
■ ..>.iians; as it is well known, that English Ships of war nre 
famisbeU with no such ammunition as Inngrage. How can 
rqiiis think that we can know what Vessels are, or their 

.,, iind to what place they are bound, without examinn- 

ikm? I shall only nay, that no Vessel belonging to any Na- 
tion wbatet'er was taken or detained (except for the act of 
imining her papers) during the time of my command, 
llicli includes Uie whole period stated by the Marquis, that 
laden with provisions for the City of Genoa. It is next 
J, dial two Frigates continually remained at anchor, in 
btof the mouUi of the Port of Genoa. I shall only assert, 
« this is a most notorious misrepresentxition and falschoiMl ; 
«nd I do further declare, that if at any time a Frigate anchored 
in Genon road, her Boats never boarded any Vessel wliilst in 
tiut situation. 

Having answeretl every part of tlic accusation made by the 

Genoese Minister, I beg leave to say a few words on his con- 

Mlnion, which Is certainly a most extraordinary one. To 

PPeiend to assert, tliut although our Enemies take possession 

o^ond continue in tlie Republic of Genoa, we are not, by 

means in our power, to attack them both at sea and on 

will [not] bear reasoning upon ; but I can with truth 

tliat in tlie act of distressing our Enemies in the Re- 

of Genoa, the greatest forbearance, and even acts of 

iocss, have been constantly shown to individual Genoese. 

be Republic of Genoa has now had six months unmolested 

ifization with the French Army ; and I am assured, that 

inhahiLaiiis of the llcpublic had rnlher again encounter 

[fkacied breaches of Neutrality, and violotion of Territory, 

the Fraternal embraces of the French troops, which have 

given to their women, their churches, and tlieir olive 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson, 





[From Llarke arid M'.iitliiir, vol. i. p. '208.] 

OenoA, April 9th, I 

On my arrival off here, yesterday morning, I was so strongly 
pressed by the Sardinian and Imperial Ministers to come itilo 
the Portj in order that they might have some conversation 
with me, that, although rather against my inclination of an- 
choring, I could not refuse ; and I am just going on shore lo 
meet them. There has been some little skirmishing between 
the advanced Piquets of the two Armies in the viciuiiy o 
Vollri; hut it is generally thought the French will retire f 
Snvona, Vodo, &c. Ceva and Ormea are to be the two place 
attacked by tliem ; but I hope General Beaulieu on his pass 
ing the heights of ^'ado, may find an opportunity of takin 
them, and give iis the anchorage of Vado Bay. We are c 
the best terms with the Genoese ; and as far as a private con 
munication to the Secretary of Stale, through Mr. Brami 
they are certain of our good disposition towards them, and 
our sincere wishes to see the Republic really enjoying hi 
Neutrality. At the same time, I desired Mr. Brame to sign! 
that Vessels to whatever Nation they belonged, bound I 
France with provisions or stores, would be seized; that 
wished this to be understood; and that the seizures of Vess( 
belonging to Genoese subjects, in the situation alltided t 
ought not to be considered as liosiile to the Genoese fla 
for all other Nations were precisely in the same situation. ' 
this the Secretary replied, in his private character, that 
Merchants would run the risk, it resteil witli them ; and th 
he did not think the Government had any concern in it; til 
he should acquaint the Doge of the conversation, and « 
very happy to see me here with a Broad Pendant, which v 
saluted. The Secretary was full of praises of the late Austri 
Army : not n sixpence of debt Iwd been left behind, nor 
individual injurwl by their stay in the Riviera; cotiti-asting 
with ilic con<liict of tlie French. .Salicetti is gone M 

iL-uinml on iKwrd; aJid enclosetl send vou net 

l:*tU«lt CutHUl •! GcttM 



fmy Note, which is gone off by express to General Beaulieu. 
Tlie Ministers of the Emperor, and King of Sardinia, were 
] jtieased with it ; and I hope it will meet with your approba- 
1 doa ako. 1 have found from experience, that we cannot be 
100 clear with these gentlemen ; and I am determined to leave 
no room for them to say, * W'e thought you could do this 
lliing, or the other.' These Ministers tell me, that a general 
attack may be expected, on the same day, from Voltri to 
Finule. Your appearance off the Coast would most certainly 
lave a gootl efiect. The line of Austrians and Piedniontese 
is foil 40,000 ; the French, I am assured, not more : they yes- 
terday got cojinon on the strong post of St. Giacomo, and will 
Pr Hdo, bat I hear they tremble. 
I am, See. 
Horatio Nelson. 


^^^H [From CiM-ke imil M'Artliur, vol. i. p. '300.] 

^^^B [Altoiil April 171)0.] 

^^^■Gencral Beaulieu wish the English Squadron should 
Hk oflT siny particular point of the Coast, whence it may be 
^Kfactory for the General to sec it from the mountains, and 
uf course be discouraging to the Fi'ench ? — It would be 
aitrnded with this risk, that calms, or contrary winds, might 
put ihe Squadron at a distance, at the lime General Beaulieu 
Dtty arrive on the Coast : would the General, therefore, rather 
|K OS remain at Genoa, with a moral certainty ot joining him 
jj^ni or twelve hours, after the news of his arrival on the 
t is sent to me. 

t consideration : If General Bcnulieu sends me notice, 

at particular time and place it is probable he may attack 

rench, in that case it is almost certain I could be very 

ir at hand, and act as opportunity might offer ; for instance, 

the attack is on the heights over Savona, the 

ron, if the weather be moderate, could anchor about five 

miles from Savona, instead of waiting at Genoa. These 



considerAiIons tire submitted to General Bcaulieu, whoj 
only to express his wishes to have them, as far an is 
complied with. 

HoitATio Nelso] 


[From Clorkc and M'Artliur, vol. i. p. 370.] 

lltbApHJ, 1 
It has \)een well, but might have been better; for if I 
been fully acquainted witli the movements of tlie Army, I 
sure not many of the French would have returned to S*' 
our Ships command every foot of the road. I beg you 
endeavour to impress on those about the General, tlie neo 
of punctuality in a joint operation, for its success to be 
plete. I received yesterday afternoon, at five o'cloclc, a Ni 
from the Baron de Malcamp, to tell me, that llie General 
resolved to attack the French at daylight this morning, and 
the right of Voltri : yet by the Austrians getting too for 
in the afternoon, a slight Action took place, and during 
night tlie French retreated. My movements I kept 
and, aAcr the shutting of the gate, weighed the Squadron fi 
Genoa, and at half-past nine I anchored within half gun 
of the Austrian Army, sending Diadem and Blanche to an 
between Voltri and Savona : but the French were aware 
their ftcrllous situation, and passed our Ships in the nigbu 
do not mean this as any complaint, but to show the n 
of punctuality ; for had the Austrians kept back, very few 
U)e French could have escaped. I have a Ship off* Voltri ; the 
rest of my little Squadron are off Vado. As the difficulty will 
now be increased for the French to get supplies, the Genoese 
will of course employ deception, and clear nil Vessels as for 
their own people in the Rivieia, altijough possibly for the use 
of tlie French Army. How, Sir, shall we manage ? Will you 
turn this in your mind ? 

1 am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 




fFrom Clarke tad H'Artliar, toL i. p. 270.] 


IStbApriJ, 1700. 

As it b impossible to be too particular in all my communi- 
>ns with the Austrian General, I think it right to note 
the conversation which I held last evening, in the pre- 
of Mr. Brame, with the Baron de Malcamp, nephew 
>Carop to General Beaulicu, whom the General 
nred to communicate with me. 

Baron began by returning thanks from his General, 

well-timed co-operation, and for the assurances I had 

I of everj' support and assistance ; that the General wished 

)W, what was the particular object of my Squadron, and 

It manner his operations could be serviceable to me. 

is I replied, that the co-operation was my duty, and 

I had the greatest pleasure in performing ; and I begged 

)uld assure the General, that my Squadron had no object 

Bver in view but the co-operation with his Army. Whcn- 

he come down on the Sea-coast, there he would be sure 

[lofiod me. 

Tlie Baron then asked, if I could anchor in any other place 

[ituut V^odo Bay? I replied, that for these five months to 

• nineteen days out of twenty, whenever the General 

le Coast, there I should always be, at either Finale, 

lAibenga, Alassio, Oneglia, St. Remo, and the whole Coast 

of Nice ; and I would anchor tlie Squadron opposite his 

Army : that Vado was the only place where our Fleet could 

tin safety; but as for ray Squadron, all places would suit it. 

[I ifiereforc bcfTfred it miglu be perfectly and clearly under- 

jitood, thai if the General thought it better to cut down to the 

jSea-coast, to the westward of Vado, he would do so, for Vado 

[inu not necessary fur my Squadron ; that I had understood 

f^L Giacomo was strongly fortified ; and if six or seven tliou- 

*Mid men were to be lost in getting it, merely for the imme« 

diate possession of Vado Bay, it was no object to us, if the 

Gmcral choee to leave them to die eastward. Tliis point I 

pi tmui on the Baron three different times, and he said he 

tly understood me ; that he should go to Uie General, aa 



this (lay, the 13Lh, and llic General would send me a 
of his plan of operations, llie General also desireii l>i 
assure me, on his part, that the most perfect harmony 
be kept up with me ; and that from my character, as 
from my exactness on the 11th, he was assured all wooli 
well for the Common Cause; and this would have lbeiiap| 
effect, as our Enemies would be convinced of the most 
harmony subsisting between the Allies. 

1 assured the Baron he might depend on my opennt 
conduct, and that what I had promised, should, if posuble^j 
performed : nor had I promised anything but what I 
moral certainty of being able to perform ; and I desired 
would assure his General, I was authorized by Sir John Ji 
to promise the most sincere and cordial co-operation, !br 
nothing should be omitted on his part, to convince theG< 
and our Allies, as well as our Enemies, and the Ncal 
Powers, how much the Admiral had the good of the Coi 
Cause at heart ; and further, that as soon as Sir John Jei 
knew of the General's being on the Coast, he would 
there. I also desired die Baron to acquaint the General, 
1 would undertake to furnish proper Convoys, for their pi 
sions being carried coast ways from Genoa, Volli'i, &c. U| 
which he asked me, two or three limes, if there were not a 
that my Squadron might be lost on the Coast: to this I 
stantly replied, Tliat should these Ships be lost, my Adi 
would find others, and we should risk the Squadron at all til 
to assist the General ; and I requested he would give me credil 
for my sincere dis]>osition to contribute all in my power to' 
the success of tlie common cause. I nm, &c., 

Horatio Nelsoi 



[From Clarke au<l M'Artbnr, voL i. p. 271.] 

19tk April, 171 

I anchored here, in Genoa Road, this rooming, and shall 
immediately proceed to the information which I have receivetl 
from the Imperial and Sardinian Ministers, both of whot 



wailed upon. General Beaulieu's Itrtlei lo ilie 
dated Acqui, the 14lh, in which lie snyK, 

ly, Generals Argenteaii and Leiclitcin attacked a 
he Enemy at Montenotte ; ihcy did not succeed, and 

to their first position.' I beg, Sir, you will not be- 

reports of tlie ill-ilisposed at Genoa, though I cannot 
i this account ; but you will form the same conjectures 
f : no loss is mentioned, and the word Jirst conveys to 
I A great deal. Argenteau has ever failed; they fell, 
}ya, into an ambuscade. The Minister at Turin writes 

Mr. Nomis, Sardinian Minister here: 'The snow 
so much on the mountains near Ccva, that neither 
in take possession of those posts they wish. The 
fnade an attack on one of our posts, but were repulsed 
ne loss.' Mr. Nomis expects an express from Ales- 
with an account of the attack at Montenotte, and I 
)w the contents as soon as they arrive. Salicetli sent 
vona, two days past, for thirty thousand pair of shoes : 
sul' sent off this intelligence to Captain Towry,* who 
)oats out all night, but without success : eight thousand 
gone to Savon a. 

I you Mr. Trevor's original letters. Anxious as I am 
eryihing, we cannot equip Vessels quite so fast as his 
icy wishes. The Sardinian sailors manning two or 
ould be of great use. England, I know, niust pay for 
id probably victual them. This measure must have a 
iher thought. Heavy gun-boats will not do as cruisers, 
the contrary, we must have a place to keep them in ; 
lall see you very soon, when I shall enlarge upon this 

and, I am afraid, time enough will remain to equip 
els, if not, so much the belter. The firing I saw last 
I tl»e hills, between Voltri and Savona,wtis, I hope, an 

of the General. 

I o'clock, P.M. — We have no particulars, but it is said 
ich have been beat from some of the hills above Savona, 
)y wounded have been carried thither. 
I am, &c., 

Horatio Nelson. 

it. Bnuue. 

« Of Uie Diilo. 


t^ a baiket of TcgctAbles far job 
* vi« a tin of what }-oa want hj Beten^' 
t>rlM them. 
i«w%— wbattfMdllteUxoo? The Ai 
. 'i*t,^ biMU Iglitin^ at different places far cboe 1 
TbtMBBiull baw fell on each side, but do adi 
'tVigr niftnd Um Freodi to esoafK at Volirw t>: 
to lliittir pliA or time of attack, which tbev senc 
thiniiiiil liMn aMapeJ, which, on the 13(h, beat I«ck | 
lMllielAlia» at MoMttwtte. Howerer, altbo^gb, to mj | 
Miitoiii. ||^y UKl ttut (ib [a»] much as they ooght on the 
•villMC wan «> nutti^fEtd, that* with my usoil'^ 
I bft«iiMM«««d prakKS firom the Generalf 
i*uu» vt.1'% KiujiWuntfhr to the Kin? of Sardinia and 


.vol ^ncrv-igu put back much 
.. .>Mr\i b«r.* T1)e Fleet gone oo, 
Tb« AbotliMm of the Slave Trade, k 
v'ui Mwvi Mwa ntfUking of ihe Dutch.* 


v\^MauMk4 \t.» Ui« fnmvnk Wliuirib ' ^Ir, Ban. 

kl^ Mmk "- *■ la Uto laral Sawnin. wi • 

«iia%CiMiv ' *" .poruaad 

> 't vi Mw*'!' \4jBunl rttnrned 

^ ^. - viiafe 4fcd>i i ->t. «t»' uavtflf rtt» fenl wf the 1 

WW. ^ TWrMMtM k^ 09 hMvi iV«wi» ar 

N.. ,,> u« ^Mt^ «Blt MtN wnifcii to tetk U 

.«4 MtMMa vil^ tin TkMMct, bat viih I 

V< Mm* 1 

"i w i h»M <i ^ kkfl Bmm* af C^mMW) 
..^inf tlMtW rtnKHiH aboali 







,X«d«,* I fear it is too true she is gone! With conipllcnenls 


Ever yours, most faitlifully, 

HonATio Nelson. 
Send back the bosket by Peterel. 


[From Clarke «nd M'ArUiur, rol. i. p. SiT6.] 

Geno* Mole, IMt April, 1700. 

Cftptain Cockbum will convey to you all tlie news, certainly 
none of it is pleasing ; and I own I regret more the good for- 
tune of llie Enemy iti getting their Convoy into Vndo, llmli all 
which has happened on shore. By the lime I sail, I will make 
myself master of the exact force of the Enemy that has escaped 
w; report says, two Frigates and sixteen Transports. They 
mav be alarmed for a night or two, and it may go off: if you 
therefore tliink, Sir, that the attempt to take the Frigates and 
ransports is proper by Boats, I beg leave to offer myself for 
that distinguished Command. The Barges and Pinnaces will 
|je more than thirty. 1 think it may be clone ; at least, if 
joo approve of the measure, nothing shall be wanting on my 
rt for its complete success. My idea is, for ten Barges to 
each Frigate, one Ik)at to be especially appointed with 
confidential OflScer, to cut the cable of each Frigate; if 
wind is off the land, in ten minutes they must drive out of 
undings, and ten Boats would be left for the attack of the 
Transports. I should wish you. Sir, to consider tlie matter, 
id I am then certain, what is proper will be done. To-mor- 
evening, at dark, I shall sail from heucc, and will be with 
on "Wednesday morning. I grieve when tlie French 
■ny good fortune by sea. 

I am, &c. 

HonATio Nelson. 

e Hii{(ii« ou il>c IMi May, UDi'); aud a Pi'oclAmaLiou wru«ci«u iJl«r 
vcMcl.» in the Port<* of (freat Brituiu to be stopped. Tlw 
by AJniirivl Dnucnn off Ciunpenlown, iu October, 1797. 
, Captnin Jobu WoodJey, rotmdered ue<u: Madeira, on llie 
, 171»9, with uvnily idl Ler crow, 




[From Cluke uid M'ArUiur, vol. i. p. 'iT3.] 


Agtmcmnon, off Genoa, 1 8iL April. I'M. 

I wish it had been in my power to send your Royal High- 
ness rt good nccount of the opening of the can>paign; but as 
the news, good or bad, must be known, I think it is propef 
for me to give you an exact relation of what has passed. 

I shall first call to your recollection a letter of mine, durii 
the winter,' wherein I told you, that I was informed from 
French iheniselves, they would open the Campaign wil 
80,000 men; and, by the first of May, would lay Siege 
Turin, or Milan. I shall now give your Royal Highness 
brief account of this campaign, as far as report goes; for 
have no official informalion from the General. 

On Monday, llih April, the Austrians took possession of 
Voltri, with 10,000 men: nearly HQO of ilie Enemy were 
killed, wounded, or made prisoners. About 4000 men effected 
their retreat, from the attack liavini; commenced twelve hours 
before the time fixed by Genera! Beaulieu, and previous to 
the Generals arrival; or I am satisfied not a Frenchman couW 
have escaped ; and, by what has followed, the disasters com- 
menced from the retreat of those troops. Our Ships so en- 
tirely commanded the road, that had the General's concerted 
time and plan been attended to, I again assert, none of the 
Enemy could liave escaped. These troops retired during 
the day and night of the llth, to Monienotte, about eight or 
nine miles on the back of Siivona, where the Enemy had about 
2000 men posted. At daybreak General Argenteau attacked 
this post with about 4000 men, not knowing of the reinforce- 
ment, lie was repulsed, and pursued with great loss; 900 
Pietlmontese troops, 500 Austrians, field-pieces, &c. fell into 
the Enemy's hands. The kilted we know not, but it was 
hard fought. On the l!3th and 14th, the French forcetl the 
gorges of ^lillesimo, and the village of Dego, which were well 
defended ; but they were carried by superior numbers. On 
the morning of the loth, the Austrian troops, under Colonel 
Taskauovick, posted at Sossello, on the right flank, and rather 

* Vide, «nte. 



the rear of the Enemy, or as we shoulil sny, on the star- 
Uiord qaarter, attacked the Enemy at Speigno, and totally 
routed thein ; and not only retook the twenty jjieces of can- 
noQ which the Austrians had lost, but also nil belonging to 
ilie Enemy; when unfortunately the Colonel, pursuing his 
wlvnntage too far, fell in with the main body of the French, 
», after aii obstinate resistance of four hours, totjilly de- 
him. To add to this misfortune, General Beaulieu 
sent five battalions from Acqui to support this brave 
Bnel Waskanovick ; but, alas, they arrived too late, and 
*l to the triumph of the Enemy. 
By the best accounts I can learn, the Auslrtans have not 
less than 10,000 men killed, wounded, otul prisoners. 
I'Vench loss has also been great, but they can better spare 
dM tattt than tlie Austrians. General Beaulieu has now with- 
dntirn all his Troops from the mountains, and is encamped at 
a place called Boseo, on u plain between Novi and Alessan- 
dria. I am yet in hopes, if the French attack him on the 
plain, he n\ay still get on l)y giving them a total defeat. The 
Austrians seem to have been ruined by loss of posts; but I 
dire say it was necessary to possess them ; and they were lost 
owing to the superior niuiibers of the Enemy. A column of 
i*0,OOO French is on the side of Ceva, one of the passes into 
the plain of Pietlmont; if they carry this post, the road to 
Turin is open. 

Genoa, two o'clock. The mails are just arrived from 
Milan, and I rejoice that affairs are not so bad as was re- 
I ported. General Argenteau is arrested, and sent prisoner to 
Paviiif on strong suspicion of treason. Reports say, the 
Frwich are repulsed at Ceva with great loss; but the Turin 
post is not yet arrived. Believe me ever your Hoynl Migh- 

nesx's most faithful servant, 

IIoiiATio Nelsov. 

[AutogTApli, in Ui« poswAHion of Mrs. Okviet.] 

A^Ainemiiun, Genoa Root], April lOOi, l7IHi. 

My dear Sir, 
1 grieve at the nccotmt I hear, which indeed is all from the 
French, for the lm|>erial Minister has not received n line from 



Ae Gcosr^ or other person^ of what is passing. To 
dttawMoraofaoiTDW, a number of Vessels under oaasa^i 
womb OvMhhfomtSt got into Savona Mole and Vado Bayi 
Snadfty Evening. I was on board tlie Victar}- and &aw < 
Wtyaetti i^BlaccBs, Brigs, and Galleys, — the Imperial Mi 
aud Mr. Noni 1 believe, fancy that because our Fleet 
tWm it was very posible for us to stop them ; they 
■rl**"«g of what a Fleet can do, therefore, in socne 
sar«k thej are excusable. These Vessels came down rety i 
ID the shore, und from to windward, the wind at W.N.W^ 
is pCflM^M ntoessary to repel \hc argument of these Ge 
ncB : M> aup po s e that our large Ships can approach tlic 
so as to stop these supplies, is ridiculous. You know tliei 
pOMtbUity of it, therefore I shall not enlarge on tlmt he 
Our Fleet b sent into these seas to oppose the French at : 
and, at the present time, should the Adm'u-al to stop a Tartan 
or two, or n hundred, lose two or three Sail of the Line, or gel 
them dismasted, the Enemy would be as much masters of ihf 
sea as it appears they are of the land, and Italy would be 
lost witliout a blow. This argument, I am sure, you wiD 
make a much belter use of than I can: but they are all 
ready to blame England. Believe me, dear Sir, 

Your most faithful servant, 

Horatio Nelso) 


Disposition of the Frigates between Toulon and Cape 

Boston and Tartar. — Off Toulon, which chased this Coi 
into Hiercs Bay. 

Flora. — Off Cape Taillat, chased this Convoy into Frejiu, 
and afterwards into Nice. 

Lively. — Betweeii Nice and Dell Melle the Convoy put into 

I send you lliis to shew tliat every means in the Admirars 
power have been taken to prevent the passage of Vessels, and 
the Ships have not been able to take one, of two or t 
hundred of different sizes which must have passed them. 




[AnU>g7B{)h, in tiio poiacuiou of Mrs. Datios.] 

AKWneunoti, pfTVulo Buy, April 33n(l, 17(H1. 

My dear Sir, 

the disastrous event* which have tnken place within 
I ilays past, the Atlmiral and mj'self are very anxious 
ar the extent of the tnisfortune from you and Mr. Trevor, 
have none but French accounts, which we hope arc exag- 
>te(l, but from the Imperial Minister I know nothing;! 
now on my way to Genoa, hoping to receive letters by to- 
's post. I cannot learn even the number nf the Aus" 
inyt* nor of their loss, A great firing was heard from 
Fleet, Sunday or Monday, which must have been towards 
Ccva. From what I hear at Genoa, I suppose there is nothing 
to stop the Enemy from getting to Turin. Had not the 
Gmcral troops [enouffti] ? if not, it is lamentable. Sir John 
waits until he can hear something, and form an opinion; 
in lolul ignorance. The French reinforce seamen at 
Ttfit/on, to which Sir John Jervis will proceed. He was in 
hopes the presence of the Fleet might have been of service, but 
f that has not been the case, he is better away, for then no 
iJameor improper language can be attached to liim. I have 
vrote yon, last post, on the subject, and you will recollect 
IbAt Admiral Goodall, from judgment, and myself from expe- 
rience, have uniformly held out that it was not in the power 
of oor large Ships to slop this coasting business. We mmt 
k«Te a point of laud to act from ; give us that, and if supplies 
get to the Enemy, except in Ilow-boats, ilien we are to blame, 
wai placed in the Gulf lo meet the (icneral on the Sea 
t, and my Squadron would have been risked to have sup- 
ped him ; but as he has not been able to get to the Coast, 
not lei us be blamed. You will recollect, if Vado could 
K be got, that we both ogreed the other place ought. 
the Fnench Fleet get in there by any accident, or their 
MX>pt possess themselves of it, I look upon Italy as lost. 
Smy, write me particulars as to numbers, loss, &c., and what 
likely to be done. Do the Austrians mean to stop ? I 

* Tlie woida in italict were in cipUer. 




have great hopes yet from General Beaulieu. Will ih« 
Neapolitan troops be of no service ? Has the General wi 
about landing them at any particulor place? Were the English ! 
troops and supplies wished to be prevented from getting to the 
French Army, they might perhaps be landed near St. Retno, 
where at this season we could always embark them if n -^ 
rior force came against them. This would cut off all st.. . - 
by land as well as by sea, and if they drew many men from i 
land to attack them, then Beaulieu might be able to get ( 
This is pretty much your plan, which might be executed iff 
had the proper troops and a good General to command t!u 
I am sure you will say and act everything which is proper. j 
am anxious in the extreme to hear from you. I wish we I 
all these French at Sea; there, as yet, we have never &il( 
Believe me ever with the greatest truth, 

Yours most faithfully, 

Horatio Nelson.1 


[From Clarke and M'ArtLnr, vol. i. p. °2T(I, wlio stale iliat in tliis letter Ca 
Nelson luentiduetl liis norrow luid attouifilimont at wtiat liad lutppened, and tbe I 
poMsibilJtj of t])« Enemv'a convoy bein^ stojiped by Une-of-Dottle Sltipa, and iben 
said — ] 

April 2'ind, 1796. 

Therefore, Sir, the getting in with them was impossible, 
before they would have anchored under sucli batteries as most 
have crippled our Fleet ; and had such an event happened, 
in the present state i>f the Enemy's navy, Tuscany, Naplc^ 
Rome, Sicily, Sec. would have fallen as fast as their Ships 
would have Siiiled along the CtMist : our Fleet is the only pro- 
tector at present of those Countries. Sir John Jervis ha* 
cruiseil close up to the shore in this Gulfj where I will venture 
to say no Fleet ever cruised hefore, with the hope of drawing 
some of the French troops from the inland countries ; and 1 
believe it has had its effect, or ihc Austrians would have beeu 
worse off than at present. 

I am, &.C. 

HoHATio Nelson. 





rFrom Clu-ke aud M'Artliur, toI. L p. 270,] 

Gulf of Genoii, 04th April, I TOO. 

<M will be informed, from my late letters, that Sir John 

has such an opinion of my conduct, that he Is using 

itiflaencc, both public and private, with Lord Spencer, 

nj continuance on this station; and lam certain you must 

the superior pleasure of knowing, that my integrity and 

of conduct are the cause of my being kept from you, 

'the receiving me as a person whom no Commander-in-Chief 

wish to keep under his Flag. Sir John was a perfect 

to me, therefore I feel the more flattered ; and when 

feikct that I have had the unbounded confidence of three 

niminders-in-Chief, I cannot but feel a conscious pride, 

that I possess abilities. Rest assured, my dearest Fanny, 

ny unabated and steady aflectiou, which, if possible, is in- 

ling by that propriety of conduct which you pursue. 

hilst the war lasts, I must serve somewhere, and for health, 

nearness to England, I know of none to equal this. In 

Admiral Linzee returns, Sir John Jervis informe<l me, 

lbs 1 am to hoist a Broad Pendant, with a Captnin under me, 

ttil to command a Division of tlie Fleet, though he can ill 

parens from our present important service. 

Yours, &c., 

Horatio Nelson. 

f^m » Copy IP tlie Adndroliy, buJ tUe " London OkwUc," of 28lb June. 171K1.] 


Off Loano, 2fttli April. 1700. 

iTiis morning, having received information that a Com'oy, 
with stores for the French Army, had anchored at 
I h>st no lime in proceeding off llint place with the 
named in the margin.^ On my approach, I was sorry 
tflohiervCfthat instead of a Convoy, only four Vessels were lying 
Icr the batteries, which openetl on our approach, and (he 

»0U II. 

' Mvlcagcr, DiMlcm, Petcrel. 



fire was returned as our Ships got up, under cover ofj 
our Bouts Iwarded the four Vessels, and brought them 
vessels lying very near the shore, a heavy fire of musk' 
kept up on our boats ; and it is witli the greatest grief 
to mention* that Lieutenant James Noble,* of tlie Aganji 
a most worthy and gallant Officer, is, I fear, mortally w< 
From our Ships keeping under the fire of their batt 
sustained no daaiage ; the Agamemnon was, I believe, 
Ship struck by shou The principal part of this ser\'ice 
our Boats, whose conduct and gallantry could not on 
casion have been exceeded, and I wish fully to exp: 
sense I entertain of the gallantry of every Officer aQ< 
employed on this occasion. Herewitli I transmit u 
wounded, and of the Vessels taken ; none of which 
colours hoisted, nor was there a man on board when tbi 

^P'^^^^- Iam,&c., 



[From Clwke and U'Arthur, lel L p. 2TS.] 



Captain Towry rejoined me yesterday morning, witli ' 
from Mr. Drake and Mr. Trevor, which I beg leave to trans 
to you. Captain Towry brought me the unpleasant news, wl 
I also enclose ; and he tells me, that Mr. Brame has no dc 
but the King of Sardinia is endeavouring to negotiate a p« 
with the French. We had several Boats on board yestert 
from Cape Noli, the people of which informed us, that altho 
the French had taken Ceva, and killed, wounded, or made 

* Mr. Koblo was aererely, bnt not mortalljr wounded, hj u baU in Um Xhtoti ; 
WM agftjn wounded Rt the oupturc of Ln SftbioH by Nelson, in L* Miner* 
DeMtnher of jIih some yenr: he was made a Pout Citptain in April, 1802, m 
now a. I{«ar-AdminU of the Red. H 

* The Officen employed in the Boato werei UmiteBiinto of Uw Ag1^| 
SncUiag, NoWe. Comptou. Lieuleniwt Colverboumt, McJenger. Licoten«n^ 
Dindom. Wounded : Lipulenut .lamed Noble; and two seamen of tlic Meic 
Vctsels taken : One Ship laden wiU» corn and rice, eight guna, four of wlucb 
braaii ; twenty brass patteroroes. One Ketch laden vrith miukelii and powdai. 
OaUey laden with wine. AnoUter Oallcy laden with com. 


afaore 5000 Pit^naamm, yu. ibBt the French had kM ' 
l1«B tl«n I1«000 BUB. The fcrt of Cera it HOC yet taken, 
the Toiro wm pl umkmd t aod the Fiir.ij paned on to 
leeviag A strong part of PiedmMMBnin their rear; 
plundered Moodovi, and every bonae becveen it and 
If the King oT Sardmia doea not nake peaoei I ihcwld 
that such oooditct of the French traoU rooae the vhoie 
to amis. As to nj going to Naptea, I need only sar, 
the Neapolilaiis^ espedaUj Mr. Fortq^oeni, woald not 
t die intarferance of a fofajgner : he ia at the bead of diev 
, and haati hiiaaeif equal to any Officer in Europe. I 
I aiudoas to examine the Ports along the Coast, to are if the 
|loy ia in any of them, that 1 hope you will excuse my 
;• Veaael to you immediately : at wheterer place I find 
I am determined not to kt the first fiivourable 
It for attacking them escape. 1 wish sincerdy for the 
Tcaaels ; I would clear the Coast in a week of fine 
r« if they would act, and I 6aiter myself I should manage 
i to their liking. 
Aptfl 28th. — There are no Vessels of consequence in any 
finoin Monaco to Vado; but not less than a hundred 
are erery day passing, which may or may not have 
I lor the French. j „^ « ^ 

HoB.iTio Nelsok. 


|ifltf»fn|ii, IB tlie poMCMJon of tJio Hon. Mra. Kevmliui Collinfwood.^ 

aiaj bt, 1706. 
My dear Coll., 

lomnotletn Ship go to the Fleet without a line, just lo say 
rbad we are. Peace is concluded between the Sardinians 
I the French — moet likely hostile to us. The King has 
jf»en up Cunco and Suza, or Alessandria, to the French, as a 
for his performance of the treaty, and an armistice is 
till the return of the courier from Paris, with the ratifi- 
of the five Kings. I think, in case of a Spanisli war, 
pl« is preparing to desert us also, and Spain is certainly 




going to war with somebody. CornwallisV trial was to 
on llie 5lh of April. How extraordinary f lie was the last i 
I could have supposed would have done a wrong thing, Aodfl 
cannot, with all my partiality for him,* bring myself to thiokj 
right that he deserted his command. But I suspect sotne i 
treatment of the Admiralty after he sailed, which induced ' 
to return. 

General Beauheu is at Valenza, with a bridge over the 
to secure his retreat into the Milanese. God bless you! 
hope Mrs. CoUingwood and your little ones were well wl 
you last heard from home. Believe me^ 'tJioiigh I wntej 
haste, for ever 

Your most faithful Friend, 

HoRATto Neuoj 


[From Clftrke and M'ArtLur, vol. i. p. 278.] 


Genoa Mole, 1st 6f Maj. ]7( 

I am still of opinion that my presence at Naples can be( 
no use; but should you think otherwise, I am perfectly 
to proceed there, and do my best. When these troops arrJ! 
at Leghorn, I will attend to their debarkation at La Venza,< 
Port Especia, us may be most proper, 1 have written to 
Drake, to have his ideas, whether, if more convenient fn 
weather and other causes, we should force a landing at 
Especia? I told him it was a question you would nattir 
ask, and I therefore desired his answer. This, T am assured,] 
the last gale, and therefore I shall be very glad to get 
Neapolitan vessels over to this Coast. You will observe 

' Vide Tol. i. p. .10. 

* Vice Adminil (lie Houoiimble Willidm CornwidUs was tried by « CoQit-martlaL. 
nt I'oruniuiitii, ou tkt ITlli of April, 171MI, for haiiug retunied to England in tbe 
Hoyal Sovereijfii, instead of {iroceeding lo the West liidien wjili lii« Convot, <nde 
p. I.""-), ftiile.) and for disolMtdieucc of onlers nftcr liis retnni, in not boisting lu« 
King on board the Aatrea trigttie, auil proceeding to IiIh desliuiuion. Tlir Cuua 
detennin«l tUut '• tniscondiict was impuUiMe" to iJip Vicc-Admind for not In 
■.liifttHl l.i^ Fi„g i„ the when the Royal SuvcH-igii wu» dltaklcd, 
nc-iiiiini-d him r>f dUolj«dience (if onlen. 



of the Commissioners, as tbey call UiemselTes^ at 

; 1 have long had reason to snspect great part b &bi>- 

■t Geooa. My channel of information says, this day, 

wind is fair, t^^'o small Frigates, two Cntters, and thirt]r- 

Sail of Transports, will sail from Marseilles, laden with 

ilioo, provisions, and clothing. I feeldistreaBed bejODd 

at being kept here, and at present there is no sign of 

of wind. If you are of opinion that the Report of 

Commissioners is true, you may probably think it proper 

me witli a Ship of the Line ; for they may slip 

\joa in a strong westerly wind : but I cannot bring myself 

lieve tluit iJie Frencii will trust six Sail of the Line to the 

ird, even for the certainty of destroying my Squadron; 

[yet they do at times act so contrary' to all reasonable ideas, 

we must not judge of them as of otlier people. 

[have thus. Sir, got to tlie end of our Naval buaness, and 

I therefore now take up the accounts of the proceedings of 

Beaulieu, and tlie Sardinians, where Mr. Drake 

off. The treaty is finished, and an armistice is agreed 

until the return of the courier from Paris. I never had 

Ciith in the Sardinian Minister, after their extraordinary 

to roe last year, and I much fear they have not done 

utmost to defend Piedmont, and the French seem to have 

ihem. Neither Ceva, nor the strong posts, were 

Iten, as I sent you word in a former letter^ nor are they 

day. Twenty thousand French pushed forward to 

six miles of Turin : General Beaulieu advancing with 

ity fnim Acqui, was on one side of the plain, and next 

would have attacked the French Army. The French had 

Jy begun to retreat, when an express reached him, that 

iktice, and most probably a peace, had taken place 

reen the Sardinians and French. Mr. Trevor, with the 

erial, Neapolitan, and Russian Ministers, waited on tlte 

It to desire that Alessandria and Tortona might be dcli- 

up to the Germans, which was peremptorily refused : 

this the Ministers quittc<l the Kingdom, without taking 

and it is very probable we have now an additional 

General Beaulieu is retreating, I am told, towards 

}ese; but how far he has fallen back, I do not hoar. 

1 French near Acqui are very ill supplieil, and the Convoy 

lions; I ani told if it dos doc 
again to the Se»-ooML Hflttsv 
to pieces die Urgeal <d die 
twenty-fire FVendi in it The ptaoe is also vcrr 
imgidi wbkk IivgreK; bat then ddap JBMt kap[ 
iMttirieierafltMtBdinaToim. ll—e «MlmiMd lfc 
to dedere, dtoold any txjarersstiaQ with dke StcreuajcS 
here lum that way, that I will nerer fire the ficat ahot; i 
therefinre, if the inhabitants of the Oenoete towna prevm 
French from firing, which they can do if they pkssei i 
Town* are safe ; if they do not, the act icata with tbeoa. 



P.S. I iiave great pleasnre In saying my poor I/ieilWaal 
Noble, is blill alive, and we have some hopes. 

2nU May. — General Beaulicu's Army has taken pott 
Vnlcnziv, unil between that place and Alessandria. The Kin 
of Sardinia, if the Convention ratifies tbe Treaty, is to give 
Cimeoand Alessandria, some say Suza; the latter place, I belief^ 
m !»ecurity for his punctual adherence to tlie treaty. I bw 
wrillcu to Mr. Drake what I have desired Mr. Brame to say 


[From a Copy {u Ui« Nvlmn Pqiere. Ko ^uOe it affixed M Uiis Note, 
bays ntm lo Uio nomruuuicaiiuu nvotioMd in the pre««diiig LetMr.] 

Scribbled in Mr. Brame's room. He will send [it tol 
but I Imve cimrgcd him to give nothing that will come wil 
niiire propriety through your orders. I pray God, Genert 
Ilemilicu muy yet make iiead against these miscreants, 
sincerely wish I could assist him. Ever believe me, 

Dear Sir, 
Your most obliged and aflisctionate 

Horatio Nelsoii< 
I »hall not fall to constantly write you. 


«c dosed into Loodo a French Gun-boat, two light 
MDd aot deep one; they came last from the ancht 
^liM^n ; bat we are rather incHDed to believe tfaev saile 
§nt from Vado. It fell stark calm as we got within shot, | 
dark. Several sbofs struck the Blandie, and one a 
ase^ wlaick set her oo fire, but we soon got the shot 
«•>, and iDwed off; her sails and rigging were also cut, 
not a man was killed or wounded. With our general { 
ladci not a shot struck us, and only one gun was fired fromj 
SqpBdnm ; we were kxag gun-shot disLnnt, and it would I 
bMD merdj a waste of powder and shot* The Enemy 
•K loKt 500 men at work building a new battery, and I 
wtiOMtg for a good wind to get at them, when I sliall 
cspedihe deepJaden Brig. 

Two Brigs, and sereral Tartans, having got intoFm 
which we su pposed to be French, I took the opportunity 
Ae fineny^ tukcyrng we were looking at them, to send 
Boots of die Squadrao, under Lieutenants Culverb 
CooplOD, and Drummond,* belonging to the Meleager, 
BWimnnnj and Peterel, and also Lieutenant Grant, of 
Blsmche, to cut out the Vessels at Finale, which tliey did 
oat a person in the Town, or Vessels, knowing it ; but tbey 
were dl Genoese, and I released thetn this morning, sending 
a Note to the Goremor of Finale, which I trust can doMj 
harm, and may be of socne use to u& 

May l4ih. Gulf of Genoa. — Tlie Diadem joined me yc 
day, after ten days' absence, not having beeti able lo gel out o' 
Genoa Mole. We have had, and now have, extraordioaf^l 
weather — fogs, heavy swdls, and calms. I send you Mfl 
Trevor's letter to me.* The French, by Captain Towi 

* Be vas FInt Xiratnuai of La Mxiwrrc, vben abe captorrd the Siwniab 
La Sabina, in I>e«aBber, 1796. for which action be was promoted ; and b« 

Pba* rank in 1802. His &te was rcniaHnUf unftmonale : while Agtnt for ', ,_ 

at tfae Cajw ot Good Hope, in iHH), he and hia wife were drowned in going 
•hiwe in Table Baj-. 

' Now Sir Adam Dmnunond, KX.R., Yin-Admiral of the White. 
" Mr. Treror, in hia letter, written in cipher, desired Uie Commodore to ^ 
Btr John Jerri* of tlic desperate slate of the Kingdom of Sardinia, which, added U 
inanrrcctiou in Corrira, required all the Tigilaneeaud \igonr we could esert; iM 
■wo begged that • watchfol eye might be kept on Uie plan of opcratiooa at . 
Bpaniah Miaister'—CAir** and M' Arthur. 



Bunl, liave crossed the Po, ami with Utile or no opposition, 
jrts say, General Ueaulieu is retreating to Mantua, and 
nx Milan has presented its keys to the Enemy. Where, or 
bni is ilie progress of these people to be stopped ? If the 
eror has not troops to face them, pence seems the only 

Ittmalive I must now revert to a 

Dbject as unpleasant for you to hear as for me to write. The 
liaerable state of the Agamemnon, who, with Meleager, are 
ke two tubs floating on the water. I have every reason to be- 
tK that our ground-tier has given way ; we know that some 
the casks fell in. I am glad Captain Smith got good rope 
Ajaccio. What has been sent vis is, without exception, the 
St 1 ever saw, the twice-laid we make on board is far pre« 
lie ; indeed, I never saw any so bad in my life. How can 
mder-in-Chief form a true judgment from such 
^'positc assertions? I must suppose that the Ship 
going lo the Fleet was intended to be well served, and as to 
\a, it was of no consequence, being too far from the ear of the 
Commander-in-Chief. This may be politic, but cannot be 

May loth. — 1 send you Salicetti's account of the defeat of 
Beaulieu ; but Captain Elphinstone'^ tells me it is not believed ; 
ay Gml it may not be true. I lia\'e now before me com- 
ainis from the Genoese Secretary of State, for taking their 
ITesiels even out of a French Port. I have also complaints, 
we allowed a French Convoy to pass us. Indeed, my 
Sir, you may perceive I feel distressed. Do you really 
kink we arc of any use here ? if not, we may serve our Country 
knch more by being in other places. The Levant, and Coast 
'Spain, call aloud for Ships, and they are, I fancy, employed 
I no purpose here ; for unless the Austrians get possession of 
[poiot of land, we cannot stop the Coasting trade. 

I am, &c. 
Horatio Nelson, 

t^CapUin Thomw Elphinstonc, of Uic 9pcedy Sloop. 




[Fftim CUrke ud M'Aitimr, Tol. L fw aWL] 

[AkPBt IMh Mir. /»/^ 

The papers from tlie Secretary of State, I ai 
bul b^rc I answer a worU, I wish to receiTe, nod 
il bt proper for you to comniuDicate in that way «tlk 
Oeooen Government, which I think you told roe it wao^l 
pUb anawvr, ' Yosi' or ' No.' Are all the batletka on i 
coast maniwd by, and belonging to the Genoeee? ShoaUl 
raply be * Yes;' then I have a most heavy complaint to : 
and I doubt not but England is fully equal to repel tfa< 
whicli every day is offered to her Flag. Should tlie rej 
* No,' ilicy are in the posaoasion of tlie French ; then of < 
i shall consider it as an £nemy's coast. It may, however, 
nid, and truly, * The French have huilt batteries along ' 
coast, within shot of each other; but the Genoese have: 
fortresses which still remain in their possession, and yet we 
know that Uiese batteries fire on the approach of any EngltsK 
Ship, nor have we the means or power of preventing it. l* 
on £nglisli Ship comes into any of the Genoese Ports or Road^ 
lo tho woBtward, we are certain she will be fired at and dc 
slroyctl, unless she is able to batter down the fortifications: 
must therefore be acknowlctlged, tliat the Genoese Ports to 
westward arc not neutral for the English.' As tliis should 
the language of the Secretary of Slate here, can he for a 
ment fiuicy, Uial I will receive shot and shells from every 
of the Coast, and not consider it as a hostile one f This, tndc 
he may be assured of, that I never have, nor ever will fire 
first shot; but if shot are fired, I will do my utmost to dest 
the batteries firing at the English Hag, although in doing this 
I shall guard as much as possible against injuring any individual 
Genoese, a Nation which I respect on many accounts. The 
Secretary, however, must be sensible, that the fire of cannon, 
once opened, is terrible to a Town. 

Horatio Nelson. 




[AalogTKfb, in ibe Minto Pft|i«n.] 

Agamemson, tl Sea ou her pwt*^ to Leghorn, May lOib, [1700.] 


You will know bo well from Mr. Trevor and Mr. Drake 

ihc melancholy prospect of affairs in Italy, that it would be 

iinlj a trouble to your Excellency, were I to attempt to repeat 

nbal comes from a much better informed quarter. One of 

my S<juadron joined me yesterday from Genoa, and brought 

nw letters from Mr. Trevor, of May 11th. By his desire I 

iiiTG deciphered a part for your information, viz: — ' And Vice- 

Roj? of Corsica, that 1 am afraid that the French will soon 

oblige Sardinia to be their Ally,' and that they are disposed to 

trat Tuscany as an Enemy. These considerations added to 

ibe Iniurrection in Corsica, and to tiie designs the Enemy 

fflay have on Sardinia, seem to me to require all the vigilance 

Afld vigour of the King's Agents in the Mediterranean. A 

vuchful eye must be kept in the present moment upon the 

plan of operations of the Spanish Minister, wlio must also be 

coiwider^ as [one of] the Allies of France.' 

Mr. Drake's letter is dated Milan, May 8th. I sent both to the 
Admiral last night, or I should forward these to you. Mr. D, 
General Benulieu's Army is 38,000 men, and he hopes no 
)c will happen to him till he gets reinforcements, I am 
to say, Mr. Brame sent me a letter published by Sali- 
i, laying that the French had defeated Beaiilieu, on the 
lltb were at Lodi, and taken all the ariillcry and camp of 
Ihc Austrians. The story is very ill told, and I should doubt 
ouch hod I not unfortunately been in the habit of believing 
Mtounts of French victories. 

^ French have lost great numbers in passing the Po and 
_.;...;!.r river, but they have enough left, for il>e Emperor has 
not reinforced his Army. I very much believe that England, 
*ho commenced the war with all Europe for her Allies, will 
Bnish it by having nearly all Europe for her Enemies.*^ Should 

* A Inmty of PtiMo lMitw««a Fraooe utd Sordinla, vu kigorU itt Pwiv on the 
<#Mmy, 17110. 
TLi* mnAilnUa predietioa wu not, kowercr, completely fulfilled trntil after 

J 72 



all tbc Powers in this Country make peace, liie French possess 
themselves of Leghorn and other places to cuioffour suppHes^ 
Corsica will be the only tie to keep our great Fleet in the 
Mediterranean; how far the conduct of those Islanders, taken. 
In a general scale, deserves that a Fleet and Army should b^ 
kept for their security, is well deserving of serious considers — 
tion. I beg pardon for the readiness of my pen, it has, H 
fear, gone further to your Excellency on this subject than it 
ought. The loan from Genoa, I suppose, will now take place r 
it is demanded by Salicetti, thirty-six millions of Livres, Tliat 
your Excellency may be successful in quieting the disturbances 
in Corsica, and enjoying that happiness in that Island, whicU 
every inhabitant ought from gratitude to endeavour to give 
you, is the most sincere wish of your obliged and faitliful 

Horatio Nelson. 

Ilia Excelieacj' Uie Vice -Roy. 

[From Clarke »ud M'Artliur, vol. i. i). 263.] 

Lcgliorn Roiub, ISth of M«r, 1T90. 

The Comet joine<l me off Cape Noli, the night of the 15lh, 
and I left the Squadron with Captain Cockburn, who I am 
sure will do everything that is proper. We arrived here yes- 
terday morning in a gale of wind, and I hope to have my 
Ship ready for sea by the 20lh or 2 1st. One of the Nea 
liian flotilla is now here, the others are at Port Longone 
Elba, and I do not much expect they will gel further than 
Leghorn before Naples is at peace; a measure that see; 
absolutely necessary for that Court to adopt. The Frem 
say they will go to Rome, and the distance to Napl« is thi 
but little. As the French cannot want supplies to be broughT 
into the Gulf of Genoa, for their grand Army, I am still of 
opinion, that if our Frigates are wanted for other ser\ices, 
they may very well be spared from the Gulf. Money, provi^H 
sions, and clothes the Enemy have in abundance ; and thcP^ 
command arsenals to supply their wants in arras and ammu- 

JJT. 37.] 



I have felt, and do feel, Sir> every degree of sensibility and 

Biiiude, for your kind nnd flattering attention, in directing 

to hoist a Distinguishing Pendant;' but as the service, for 

ufaich it was intended to be useful, is nearly, if not quite at an 

eud, I assure you I shall have no regret in striking it ; for it 

lill afford me an opportunity of serving nearer your Flag, 

D(i of endeavouring to shew, by my attention in a subordinate 

tion, that I was not unworthy of commanding. Reports 
re afloat that a promotion is certainly very near ; and, if so, 
Admiralty will either direct my Flag to be hoisted here, 
or I shall have a land voyage. 

I roust now, dear Sir, take the liberty of saying a word 

respecting my health. It certainty is nut bad ; on the contrary, 

[believe it is better than what medical people assert; but, I 

elieve, a little rest, and the baths of Pisa, the same nearly as 

iliose of Bath, would render me great benefit. If I could, 

without any impediment to the service, take twenty days to 

fit me for another winter, I should not dislike it; and yet, 

perhaps, I shall do without it. I do not much like what I 

»ve written, t «, 

I am, &c. 

HoHATio Nelson. 


[Trooi Clarke and M'Aoliur, vol. i. p. ^3.] 

Leghorn, 20Uj of May, 1790. 

m may possibly find you at Mr. Suckling's ; if so, I beg 

Jl say every kind thing for me. We are certainly under 

obligations to him than to any one. He is a good man, 

respectable character. If I am ordered to hoist my Flag 

this Country, the compliment is great ; and tlierefore wc 

DM both rest contented for a little time. The French must 

t>n be tired, and I believe all our Allies are so already. The 

ukes of Parma and of Modena have boih made treaties with 

French, paying l.irge sums of money ; and, in their Ircrttles 

> s|iccificd, that certain pictures are to be delivered, to lie 

HI lo Paris. The Palace of the Louvre is to have the finest 




gallery of pictures in the world. The Pope has offered ten 
millions of crowns, to prevent their coming to Rome ; and it is 
said they liave refused it, unless the famous statue of the Apollo 
Belvidere is sent to Paris. What a race of people I but they 
have done wontlers. lleinforcements are coming to join 
General Beaulieu; and the inhabitants of the Tyrol, a hardy and 
warlike Nation, are rising to join the Cieneral. If ail the States 
of Italy make peace, we have nothing to look to but Corsica; 
which, in the present state of the inhabitants, is not, in my 
opinion, an object to keep us in the Mediterranean : we shall» 
I hope quit it, and employ our Fleet more to our advantage. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelbok. 


[From Clarke and M'Arthur, vol. I. p. 284, who state that in the firs! part of tlila 
letter, Comniodoro Nelson iurormed the AdmiraJ that the whole of the Nufolilta 
notilla had not yet joiued, nor ctcs left Naples.] 

2ard May. 1796. 

I believe there Is a struggle between the Courts of Vienna 
and Spain, which shall dictate to that of Naples. The ad- 
vances of the French have been certainly much facilitated by 
the defection of our Allies, brought on, in this part, by tlieir 
fears. Report says, the Pope has accommodated matters witli 
the French ; however, that will not stop iheni, if the Austrian 
Army is unable. General Beaulieu is certainly getting rein- 
forcements, and the French have not for one week advanced. 
The castle of Milan has twice repulsed the French, who now 
only blockade it. I hope to sail at dayfight. I again beg, Sir, 
if you think I can be in any way useful by coming to you, 
without the Pendant,' that you will ortler it to be struck with- 
out hesitation. I do not believe my health is such as to require 
Pisa just now, at least I am willing to believe so. 

I am, &c. 


' Non-professionnl readers may require the following oxpUnation of Uiia pawagt. 
A Brood P«ndiint i« itlwayn struck whea the Officer who wean it comes into the 
presenoc of n Senior Captain, or when the speciiJ 8or\'ice for which he waa autljo- 
rized to hoist it, ia ooucluded. Vide vol. I. p. 116. 


[rroni CiMke and M'Arthur, toI. i. p. Uftl.J 

;)i"Hli May, 1700. 

Captain Cockburn, as I believe Iiis anxiety to get into 
Ltt Minerve* is great. Your cruise off Toulon is no doubt 
tedious, but not uninteresting in its consequences; for if any 

eplan, which the Directory have laiil, is defeated for three or 
lour mouths, there is no calculating what benefit may arise to 
our Country from it : I think ihey are bound to the westward, 
I cannot bring myself to believe they will venture eastward ; if 
they do, 1 have no doubt but we shall get at them. I know 
not what opinion to give about my Squadron ; I have written 
to Mr. Drake on the subject, and much will depend on his 
account of what the Austrian Army is likely to do. If it can 
again make head, and this insurrccttoti of the peasantry be 
enoouragedv we may be of some use ; but the Austrians have 
now no object to bring lliem on the sea-coast. 

Lieutenant Berry' joined me in the Comet, and I have, as 
lar as I have seen, every reason to be satisHed with him, both 
as a gentleman and an officer. I had a few days ago a plan for 
taking the French Brig of War out of Vado, and intrusted the 
^ execution of it to him; it miscarried from an unforeseen and 
^■improbable event, but I was much pleased by Mr. Berry's 
^■strict attention to my instructions. 

^V Tlic Meleagcr joined me yesterday ; and 1 send you, Sir, 
all the letters and information received by her. Mr. Trevor 
seems to think a Spanish war is almost unavoidable, and that 
the French, after all their protestations, will take possession of 
leghorn. My mind is clear, if they have force to penetrate 
further into Italy, they will possess themselves of that place. 
, The Toulon information is, as I always thought, pleasant to 
^ftknow, but never to be depended upon ; all is guess, they may 
^™go east, west, north, or south. These Commissioners know 

* Ciyuia Cookbunt was NiaoTed from tlu Meleager lu La MiuerrVi ibe frigato 
niikiirrd by U>e Dido uiil Loveatoflie. 

* AftcfwuntH Rcnr-Adiiurul Sir Eilwanl Berry, Dart,, K.C.D, : of this mosl dis- 
[ lioptittbod OfflcKr, who will bu i>ft<>D mentioned, an necount will bc foulld ill a aub' 

sv^ocBt part of tlii* work. 




nothing, lliey write a history to get money, and in this, I fancy, 
lliey succeed wonderJblly well. 1 hope to hear from Mr. 
Drake of the actual situaiion of the Armies, and if he has 
hopes; should he have none, (for he will have them, if within 
probability, however distant,) I shall not have the smallest. 

I am, 8cc. 

IIoRATio Nelson, 


[From " Tlie London Ouette" of tbe lOtli of July, 1700. lu tmumiiting Uim 
letter to the Admiralty, Sir Jolin Jerdn wrote : — " Their Lnnlships are so tboroa^y 
ncquainteil witli the vig^ioice and enterprise of Commodore Nelson, tliiii I (orbtHU 
to repeat lii« merits on this occasion."] 


Agnmemnon, off Oneglia, May 31il, 1 700. 

At two P.M., yesterday, seeing some Vessels running along 
shore which I believed to be French, and knowing the great 
consequence of intercepting the cannon and ordnance stores 
which I had information were expected from Toulon, to be 
landed at St. Pierre d'Arena for the siege of Mantua, I made 
the signal for a general chase, when the Vessels got close 
under a battery and anchored. Three o'clock, the Melenger 
and Agamemnon anchored; as, soon afterwards, did the Peterel 
and Speedy. After a short resistance from the battery and 
Vessels, we took possession of them. It is impossible I can <Jo 
justice to the alncrity and gallantry ever conspicuous in my 
little Squadron. Our Boats boarded the National Ketch in 
the fire of three eighteen pounders, and of one eighteen 
pounder in a Giui-boat. The Blanche antl Diadem being to 
leeward, the former could not anchor until the Vessels had 
struck ; but the Boats of all the Ship^i were active in getting 
them ofl' the shore, the Enemy having cut their cables when 
they surrendered. The Agamemnon's masts, sails, ami rig- 
ging are a little cut, but of no material consequence. 

Much SIS I feel indebted lo every Officer in the Squadron, 
yet I cannot omit the mention of the great support and assist- 
ance I ever receive from Caj)(ain Cockburn. lie has been under 
my command near a year on this station ; aiul I should feel my- 
self guiltv of neglect of duty, were I not to represent his jreal, 




flily, and courage, which shine conspicuous on every ceca- 
ls i»hich offers. Inclosed, I send you a list of killed and 
1, and also of the Vessels tokenj and have the honour 

With great respect, 

Your most obedient sei-vant 

Horatio Nelson. 

,List of Killed and Wounded in His Majesty's Squadron 
the command of Commodore Horatio Nelson, on the 
1 of May, 1796. 

Agamemnon — one killed ; two woundeil. 
Blanche — one wounded. 

Horatio Nelson. 

A List of Vessels of War and Transports, Liken by the 
I'Squadron under the Command of Commodore Horatio Nelson, 
[«oihe3hiof May, 1796. 

Vessels of War. 

Le Genie (Ketch), three eighteen-jjounders, four swivels, 
(indsixt}' men. 

Lc Xumero Douze (Gun-boat), one eighteen-pounder, four 
rirels, and thirty men. 


I^ Bonne Mere, two hundred and fifty tons, Brig-rigged, 
tn with brass twenty-four poimdcrs, tliirteen-lnch mortars, 
gun carriages. 

ije de Consolation, one hundred and twenty tons, 
,fd, laden with brass guns, mortars, shells, and 

hi Scan Biipliste, one liundred tons, Ketch-rigged, ladtn 
riili braudy, and a small quantity of bread. 
N'lrae unknown, one hundred tons, Ketcli-rigged, laden 

Austrian prisoners. 
Sl Anne de Paix, seventy tons, Ketch-rigged, hidcn with 
tH»rrows and intrenching tools, destroyed. 

Horatio Nelson. 



This Account to May llth, 1796, three years from my 
aoiling from Spithend. 

Horatio Nelson. 

ibs iUt 

Le Gouie . 

■ MAre. I 
rdi« - r 
. Bapli«la 1 
> de Puis / 

M Tom drii 
L'Amtm . i -St. oiov 
St. Anne 

l.'iO on n 


[From Clwke nod M'ArUinr, toI. j. p. 280.] 

Off Kice. June •2na, 17fl0. 
I have sent the Diadem, with all ihe prizes, except the 
armed Ketch, first to San Fiorenzo, where the Brig, and, if M 
not too leaky, the Ketch, laden with ordnance stores, are to be ^ 
left; and I have written to the Viceroy, that if he wants any of 
them for tlie Island, I will direct them to be landed. The 
mortars are wonderfully fine, thirteen and a half inch t but the 
number of either cannon or mortars we know not. The Vessel 
vrith brandy, and the Gun-boat, if not wanted in Corsica, I 
have desired Captain Towry to carry to Leghorn. I have kept 
the Ketch with me, and put a Mate and a few men into her, 
and occasionally shall sentl her in -shore, where she mav be of 
great use; she sails and rows exceedingly well, had been just 
here down, and completely refitted. By papers found, sixteen 
sail of Transports are destined for Vado, with ordnance stores 
tor ihe siege, and cannoniers. I wish we may get any, but the 
chance is much against us : I can only promise, that 1 will not 
miss an opportunit}'. I have an account of the exact force of 
ihc Enemy on the 6th of February, which was sent to General 
Buonaparte: it consists, including the garrison of Toulon and 
ihe whole Coast, of 65,000 men. The Army, when Buonaparte 
took the command, was eftective 30,875. Probably many of 
l!ie 65,000 are gone forward ; but still, on the whole, the force 
U not so great ns I believed. I have got the charts of Italy 
sent by the Directory to Buonaparte, also Maillebois' Wars in 
Italy, Vauban's Attack and Defence of Places, and Prince 






Eugene'ii History ; all sent for the General. If Buonaparte 
is ignorant, the Directory, it would appear, wish to instruct 
him : pray Gotl he may remain ignorant. 

In niy public letter it was impossible to enumerate every 
individual; but next to Captain Cockbum stands Captain 
Stunrt* of the Peterel : Spicer* commanded the Boats which 
first boarded the Ketch, under the heavy fire, and had a little 
skirmish when on board, and to him the Commander sur- 
rendered. T „,„ O „ 

1 am, 6ic. 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From C|«ri(« uul M'Arthur, vol. i. p. 2M7.] 

June 3i-J. ITDR. 

I feel obligations to you on every occasion, since I have had 
the pleasure of serving uiiiler your command ; and I endeavour, 
by an assiduous attention to my duty, to merit the continuance 
of your good opinion. I sliull not go to Pisa at present, we 
may be useful here ; anil, to say the truth, when I am actively 
employed, I am not so bad. My complaint is as if a girth were 
buckled taut over my breast, :md my endeavour, in the night, 
is to get it loose. If the service will admit of it, I shall, perhaps, 
at n future day take your leave. I wish, Sir, that Captain 
Cockburn had tlie ^Itnervc;' he is worthy of her, or a better 
Ship. My poor Soldier-officer (Lieutenant Pierson) wishes 
much to go with me ; if it be possible, pray indulge us. 

I am, Sec. 

Horatio Nelson, 

* Captain Ctaul«s Smut: he wis Poctcd iu 170(S. 

* Lieutenant Spicrr, Second Lieut«nmut of tL« Agumemnon : be became a PoM 
Ci^Uiin in 180-^. 

* On ihe l»t of July, Sir .lobn Jervis wrote to Contmodore Nebou: — '■ 1 belicit 
Cnptuin Iloibun wiU decline La Minene, nnd Captain Cockbuni sball, in tbal cm*, 
bave ber: Sbe carries the new builder to AJMcio, wbo Lai« promisied me to Ht ber 
well." Tbe Admiral wWed — "Wliile ibe Frencb exercise Uie GuTenimi<ot of 
I^ghom, it i» II joke l<i mippntiv ii n Tuscan Port, and you will of coiirHe net acrord- 
jn<(ly. J beariily wIhIi yon beiatli, inurease of boiioiir. ice." — Tiirlcrr'a Memoir iff 
£,irl at. Vliuiiil, vol. j. p, 1H7. 


[Attlogi«pb, m iLo poBseMipn of Jolin Liuford, Enii.] 

St. Fiorenzo, June 4lb, 1700. 

Dear Pollard, 
Pray send Hoste' by the Tartar or Dia*lem, tl»e first Ship, 
or he may possibly lose his passage to England. I shall write 
you fully when it h settled, whether Agauierauon goes or not. 

Yours truly, 

HouATio Nelson. 



[From Clukc luid M'ArtUar, vol. i. p. 287.] 

FiorrnzQ, June 4ili, 1700. 
I feel highly flattered by your desire to liave me continue to 
r\'e under your comman<l, which I own would afford me 
infinite satisfaction ; and I therefore beg leave to propose some 
measures that may still give nie that pleasure. 

The first is, although the Agamemnon can certainly remain 
in this Country for the next three months, she must be in 
England before the winter. Another is, that if n Sixty-four is 
dered to go, although Diadem is certainly in better plight 
an Agamemnon, yet in point of sailing she is much inferior. 
e third is, if you really think that the Admiralty will order 
my Flag to be hoisted in tliis country, that you would direct me 
to hoist my Pendant on board any Ship you judge proper. 
You will easily perceive, tliat my wishes to stay are sin- 
cere; were they not, after your kindness to nie, I should be 
ungrateful. ,,„,ie mh. 

I am not, dear Sir, less anxious than yesterday, for having 
slept since my l.-vst letter : indeed, I cannot bear the thougliis 
of leaving your command. You have placed an unbounded 
nfidence in me, and, 1 own, I feel that no exertion of mine 
been wanting for a moment, to merit so great an honour. 

I aiUf &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

Totrag IXoittf baving heen ntcnrketl by fever, wm plsved by CuptAin Nel«on 
tlie c«n of Mr. iind Mr?. Pullanl, for wLoso kiudliCMs Le cxpwsHrd » <lw"ii 
'imsv of ffnUitinU! ill a letter lo liis fitbcr, datrti Leghorn, Jib Jrnic, I7yfl. — Me- 
nvtrt rj/" Ciiptiiui &'ir WiUinin IJuttr, vol. i, p. C><J. 





[From CUrfce and M'Arthnr. toJ. i. p. ^0.] 

aiL Jane, ITlMS. 

Two days after we took the Vessel with Austrian troops on 
board, who had been made prisoners by tlie French, a Boat 
came off to Captain Cockburn, with a Genoese Master and 
the crew of the Vessel, and papers, to say, they were chartered 
by the Spanish Consul at Savona, to carry these troops to 
Biircelona for the Swiss regiment. I have examined some of 
the Austrians, who assert, that they were marched by a guard 
to the Vessel, and, when on board, a person gave them thirty 
sous each, and told them tliey were going to Spain, where 
they would find many of their comrades. The men declared 
it was against their inclination, and that tlicy wished to return 
to their own service, or to serve with the English until there 
was an opportunity. Knowing, as I do, that the French abso* 
lutcly sell them to the Spaniards," I have no scruple m keeping 
them, to be sent back to tljcir own sovereign ; and, if you, Sir, 
approve, I will discharge the Genoese vessel, and put the men, 
with Admiral Liiizee's permission, into the Mignonne. They 
want a change of apparel, and a bed each, which, if we get 
no work for, the German Government ought to provide: tliey 
are as fine healthy- looking men as I ever saw, the oldest of 
one hundred and fifty-two is thirty-four yeare of age. Until 
we have mi opportunity of sending them to General Beaulieu, 
I think they would add to i!ie strengtli of our Ships, fi>-e 

' Sir Jolm 3>r\if. tlnis indiguiuitly iJliidcd lo iIipac disgrocefal pro«e«diugs ta • 
Letter to Mr. Jwksoii, S«cret«ry of Legntiou nt Turin, dated Victonr, off TottloB. 
loth Aiignrt, 171)0:— 

" From A Swiss dealer in human flesh, the denuuid made iipou me to delivar up 
152 Auistriau gr»>nftdieni, serving on board his Mi^je.xly'n Fleet under my rommand, i* 
natural enough ; but that a Spaniard, who is a noldc creattur. should join in encb a 
demand, I must confess astonishes me ; and I ran only necoiint for it by Uie Cbevaliw 
Camuo being ignorant tliot the persons in question were prisoners of war in the 
last affair with Ueneml Deaulieu, and ore not deRert«rs, nnd they were most basely 
sold by the French Commisswics iu the Western Riviera of Genoa, to die vile 
crimps who recruit for ihe Foreign reginii'ijlH in (he ser\ii'e of Spain. It is Ligh ' 
time a atop f.hotiId l>e |>ut lo i\m akouiinabli' irnSic, a million times more diagraetM 
tiuw iIm AfHcAU tlave trade ; and 1 trust the mrong romon*trancc5 about to be made 
by the Conrt of Virnuo lo Uie Court of Madrid will produce iLe desirwl effect."— 
Tucker'i Memoir* "' ^"^ 8t. ?1ncenl, vol. i. p. SJOl. 


Ships, thirty each r this is submitted with deference to your 
l>ettei' judgment. As the Speedy is come in with one of our 
prizes, I lake the liberty of sending her to receive your final 
directions. I have written so fulJy by the Egmont, which I 
hope will be with you to-morrow, that I shall not venture to 
orge my request — viz., that you would contrive that I may still 
serre with you. I may have been impertinent in suggesting 
so many ways, by which I might still remain ; but do not, Sir, 
imagine that I meant anything by my propositions, than what 
an anxious disposition pointed out. 

tl am, &<:. 
Horatio Nelson. 
1 in 


[Autograph, in tho Minto P«p«n.] 
Dear Sir, June 0th. J70fl. 

I am sorry to say one of our Ordnance vessels foundered at 
in the late western gale. Mr. Pollard will not sell the 
irgo of the Brig till he knows what part your Excellency 
may please to order, I have j ust heard from Sir John Jervis, 
who is in great spirits : eleven Sail of the Line in the outer 
Road," with eight Frigates, one other of the Line nearly ready, 
five in the Arsenal, fitting. The Admiral hopes for a glorious 
Naval campaign (his own words) — that is, hoping they will 
come out. 1 am ordered to hoist my Pendant in the Captain, 
r4. Believe roe ever, 

Your Excellency's most faithful, 

To his ExetiltDcy the Vioe-fioy. Ho RATIO NeLSON. 

[Aatogrnpb, iu the Mlnto P*perf>.] 
Sify Agomenuiou, lOtb Jime, 1796, San Fioreuzo. 

Having here forty French prisoners on board the Diadem, 
one of my Squadron, I have to request your Excellency will 
>Ieased to direct that they shall be received on shore. 
I have the honour to remain, &c. 
ExeeUeucj Ui« Vice-fioj. HORATIO NeLSOW. 

♦ of Toulon. 







[AotogTApti, iu the Hioio Papers. About the Iltli of June, ITUG, Conuaodorc 
Nelson left iLc Agatncmnon, and hoisted his DUtingnishing Pendant in the CA|>ttta, 
of "4 gtins.] 

Captain, Juno 13tli, I70C. 

Dear Sir, 
I was honoured with your Excellency's letter this moniiog. 
By letters yesterday from the Admiral, he has directed rae to 
carry ail the Austrian soldiers to him. I ever feel proud of 
your Excellency's good opinion, which on every occasion 
which may offer in future I sliall endeavour to merit. With 
every kind wish for your health and happiness, believe me. 
Your Excellency's most faithful 
and obedient Servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

To Ids Excellency the Vice-Boy. 


[From Clarke tind M'Arthiir. vol. i. p. aftO.] 

Captain, »l Sea, Idtk June, 1790. 

You will see, my dear Fanny, by the date of this letter, that 
I have at last left poor old Agamemnon. Whether it is right 
or wrong, lime must determine, I have remained in a state 
of unceitrtinty for a week; and had the Corn-ships, which < 
Were momentarily expected from Naples, arrived, I should have 
sailed for England. The Admiral has on every occasion be- 
haved with the greatest attention to me ; and if I am to serve, 
it is better I shoulil serve in this Country, where I am known 
and respected, than to take my chance of being sent Home, 
and ordered to another station. All Agamemnon's Officers are 
changed,' except Suckling, and the Master, who has a wife and 
large family. Suckling wishes, as his elder brother is dead, to 
return : I do not believe any one person in the world has a 
better heart than he has, or who would do more real good, if 
Providence ordaitis that he should be master of the Woolon 

' The following Officers feervcd with Captain Nelson iu the Captitiu, ttom June 
lllh, 1700; — Licatcnant« — Richard Dnlton, Peler Spicer, Jamc!* Summon, Jame* 
Noble, Henry Corapton, and Edward Berry. Surgeon — Thomas £«li«lby. Mutn 
—Philip Thorn'- >■< and M'Arihvr. 


estate. I have sent my small present I'ur you by hlin, mm! also 
something for my fallier. What is become of George Tobin ?* 
lie 15 a fiue young man : it is n pity he has not got more 

June lOlh, 1700. 

I have just left Sir John Jervis : the French are fitting, and, 
if Kichery joins from Cadiz, they may come oui : but we shall 
ertainly beat them, if it pleases God to give us the opportu- 
tty. Indeed, the French say, they are Masters on shore, and 
e English at sea. The Pope hixs paid largely to save Rome : 
Uiples, I suppose, must pay also. Both the Emperor, and 
pain are trying which shall succeed with Naples — one for 
war, the other for peace. The Emperor must either di- 
rectly have 100,000 men in Italy, or makepeace; how that 
will afiect England, I know not. If we can make a good 
peace, I wish for it, but hope wc shall not be so pusillanimous 
as to give up all our conquests. 

t Yours, 8cc. 

IIouATio Nelson. 
For th 


[Aatogrkpb, in liic LocJtvr Fipere,] 

CKptain, Kt Be«, Jtioe 2ni|i, ITflO. 

My dear Friend, 

For this last fortniglit my destination has been so often 

changed, that I have been very uncertain whether I was to go 

home or stay. The Egniont, Captain Siition,* wns under 

r orders for England with Admiral Linuee's flag on board,^ and 
had carried die Cotivoy from Leghorn to Corsica. At this 
time, orders came out for a second-rate and the worst Ship of 
the Line to go home with the Convoy : there could be no 
doubt but Agamemnon must be tlie Ship. Sir John, knowing 
Sutton's anxiety to get home and the interest which had been 
made for that purpose, ordcied nie to St. Fiorenzo to take 

* Qwry Omirge Tobin, wbo was niiulc n I'nst Cnptoiu iu April, ISCKi. 

* AfterwvdK AduirHJ Six Johu Sutton, K.C.B. 

^icc-Admir&l Bobert Liiuev - Lv died ru Admiral of tlio Blu? in September, 




Egmont, and Sullon to take my Sl>ip, when, lo my great nsto* 
nishment, Siittou declined going home unless his Ship went,— 
the l)cst conditioned and best manned of all who came first out 
of England. For more than a week Agamemnon stood for 
England, and had the Corn-ships, which were momentarily 
expected, arrived, I must have gone. However, when it was 
known in the Fleet, many wished to go, and the Captain 
of this Ship had the preference,* he being in a very bad state 
of health. If I hoist my Flag here, the Goliali, I fancy, will 
be my Ship: she is new coppered, but, I fear, wretchedly 
manned and worse ordered. However, the latter I don't 
mind, if I have butgood stuff to work upon. I bavesent by Lieu- 
tenant Suckling, of Agamemnon, the quarter cask of Sherry. 
Pray write him a line what he is to do with it: he intends at pre* 
sent to ask Mr. Delafons, who he knows is your acquaintance. I 
left Sir John yesterday, off Toulon, in good health and spirits: he 
most particularly desired me to make his kindest remembrances 
lo you, and to say that he would write, but that I must say the 
truth, he had not a moment from writing. This Station is par- 
ticular for correspondence, for our Ministers at all the Italian 
Courts are ever writing. Should the French come out, I am 
satisfied we should give u very good account of them. As to 
the news of the Armies, the French so far outnumber General 
Beaulieu, that he has been obliged to retreat into die Tyrol, 
Mantua is besieged, but wc hope it will hold out a very long 
time. With kindest remembrances to every part of your 
family, believe me ever, 

Your most faithful, 

Horatio Nelson. 


[AutogTKpb, in die Nelson Papers.] 

Captuu, Ki Sea, Jane 20tb, 1790. 
My dear Brother, 
Whilst you were absent on ytuir tour, you had amusement 
in plenty, without my writing ; but long before this, I suppose 
you are arrived at Hilborougb to attend hay-harvest. 1 have 

' Cftptaio J. s. Smith. 


very near sailing; for Englmui. Captain Sutton, of the 
lont, wishing to go home, tlic Admirul sciit commi&sions 
to exchange Ships, takin^r for granted it was, of all tilings, 
what Captain Sutton wished ; but he declined, unless his own 
Ship went home. Till the present aiTangement took place, I 
Btood for England, and, had the Corn-.ships arrived at St. 
Fiorenzo, from Naples, I must have sailed. The Admiral 
thinks I shall be ordered to hoist my Flag here, and wishes to 
keep me. If tlie Admiralty do order my Flag out, it is well 
done ; if not, it is ill done, for it will be near £500 out of my 

I left the Fleet yesterday, off Toulon, twelve Sail of 
the Line. The Enemy have eleven ready, and five or six 
fitting. I think it possible we shall get another battle with 
them ; if so, I have little doubt of its being more successful 
than the others. Reports here are full of a Spanish war. If 
tlial should be the cose, we shall probably draw towards 
Gibraltar, and receive large reinforcements. Our Corsican 
brethren have (at least, a great part of them) behaved so ill, 
at I hope our Ministry will have no scruple in leaving them 
ost perfectly free and independent. The French have still a 
e Republican party in the Island, which take every op- 
|)ortunity of making disturbances. As to the progress of the 
French in Italy, it has astonished me, not from the extra- 
linary valour and gooil conduct of the French, but from the 
ibecility and fear of the Italian States. Poor General 
Beaulieu has never been reinforced, and is retreated into 
e Tyrol, with 14,000 men, the remains of his Army. Mantua 
now besieging, but I dare say it will moke a vigorous defence. 
The French have levied vast riches in Italy, and tlie Church 
to pay dearly for his peace, even if tliey are so kind as to 
rant him one. Naples must do the same. I suppose Eng* 
land will be the last to make peace ; and whilst she trusts to 
Wooden Walls, she [will] be more successful than any 
cr Power. This has ever been proved, yet we continue 
blindly to be attached to an Arniy. 

If my I'lag comes out, I shall most pi'f»b;\bly hoist it in the 

GoHah, as she is new coppered. In oilier respects, she is not 

desirable as this .Ship, fur I hear she is wretchedly manned, 

id worse disciplined. The latter I don't mind, if 1 have but 









ihe stuff to work upon. I have selected a Captain Miller* lo be 
my Captain, about thirty-five years of age: in ray opinion a 
most exceeding good Officer and worthy man. If we have a 
Spanish war, I shall yet hope to make something tliis war. At 
present, I believe I am worse that when I set out — I mean iti 
point of riches, for if credit and hotiour in the service arc 
desirable, I have my full share. Opportunities have been fre- 
quently offered me, and I have never lost one of distinguishing 
myself, not only as a gallant man, but as having a head; for, 
of the numerous plans I have laid, not one has failed, nor of 
opinions given, has one been in the event wrong. It is lliis 
latter which lias perhaps established my character more than 
the others ; and I hope to return in as good health as I set out 
with. Indeed, this Country agrees much belter with my cou- 
slitution than England, and I fear the cold damps of England. 

Genoa, June ^2imL 
I can write no more; therefore must conclude with most 
kind remembrances to Mrs. Nelson, my Aunt, &c., &c., and 
believe me your most affectionate Brother, 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From a Copy scut to Mrs. Nelson, on Uie 2ml of August, 17M, in k Letter 
printed by Clarke and M'.VrtLur, vol. i. p. 304. J 

ISir, Genoa Mole, 22tid June, 1700. 

Generous Nations arc above rendering any other damage 
to individuals than such us the known Laws of War prescribe. 
In a Vessel lately taken by my Squadron was found an imjie^ 
riale full of clolhes belonging to a General Officer of Artillery. 
I therefore send you the clolhes as taken and some papers 
which may be useful to the Officer, and have to request you 
will have the goodness to forward them. 

1 am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

* A slight notice of tki« very gallant Officer, widi an account of tlie singiUar 
Accident that depriv<^d ihc Coonlrjr of Lin scnrice», at the earlj age of tlurty-acTcn, 
will be found at the end of the Volume, J'itle Note B. 


[From CItrke uid M'ArUmr, toI. i. p. -291.] 

Genoft Mole, 'ilM June, Kftfl. 
I Clime in here on Tuestlay,aiul shall get to sea this day, when 
I shall lose no time in proceeding with tlie Melcager to Leg- 
horn, the situation of which is very criiicni. An additional 
treaty has been made between the King of Sardinia and tlie 
French ; it was signed at their heail-quarters ot Tortona, on 
die 17th of June. Oneglia and Ix>ano are absolutely to be 
iven up to the King of Sardinia, as are the other fortresses. 
The King» by constant guards, is to pratect the baggage and 
jres of the French, who ap|>ear to want every man in Italy 
id have therefore made exactly the same terms with the 
Genoese, and declare that they will evacuate the whole 
Rivicrn. Report says, General Boaidieu lias given the French 
check, and that the peasantry liave killed full la,000 men ; 
rny God it may be true. 

The complaints of the Genoese Government are so ridi- 
culous, that I hardly know what to say. If we are to allow 
die free passage of the Enemy coastways, we are useless. The 
best mode, in my opinion, is lu speak openly — that so long 
tlie French are in possession of batteries on the Coast, 
rWich fire on our Ships, so long we shall consider it as an 
»y's Coast. I have the pleasure to declare, our conduct 
^to completely alarmed the French, that all their Coasting 
3e is at an end ; even the Corvettes, Gun-boats, &.c. which 
iere moored under the fortresses of V'ado, have not thought 
hemselves in security, but are all gone into Savona Mole, 
and have unbent their sails. 

I am, &c. 

HonATio Nelson, 



[Orit^iio], in llif Adinimltf.j 

Citpuin, At Ren, Jitue !Ulli, 170(1. 

Having yesterday received from Mr. Branje three Notes 
Mn the Genoese Secretary of State to him, complaining of 




it woitld Imve been but fair to conclude she vfos a Frencli 

Tbe conduct as represented is so scandalous, that 

\' Mini I f1 no Kngliiih ship-of-war ever did act in the 

.deforce resembling it. No time is mentioned for this 

ring been committed, or I would state the exact situa- 

'every Ship in my Squadron on that day. 

Note of .Tune 11th, states, firing at a Genoese vessel 

the guns of Castle Franco, at Finale, on the 7th of 

and that the same night the Boats of the Ships boarded 

>k some V'essels out of the Road of Finale, and ill-treated 

BBTiners and robbed the Vessels of money and effects. I 

[relate a plain tale, and declare on my honour to the truth 

the morning of May 7th, I made the signal for the 

to chase a Ship in-shore. On her gettiug near the 

b1, but at two or three gun-shots from the shore, she fired 

to bring her to, which the Vessel not obeying, two or 

more were fired. But the Vessel getting under die 

I of the fortress of Finale, she fired no more. On her 

Kog towards Finale, a battery on the western side of the 

fired many shot at the Peterei, and Commotlore Nelson 

Jm informed the next day that the battery which fired was in 

sion of die French, and that the Governor of Finale had 

to the battery requesting the French not to fire, as it 

^ might draw the fire of the English Squadron on the Town, 

but to which the French paid no regard. 

In liie evening of the same day, having chased some French 
ITcHels into T^ano, the batteries of La Pietra opened on us ; 
[ would not return a shot, although I knew the Town and 
to be in possession of the French, as it might injure 
[mnoceni Genoese, who could not, unless authorized by their 
Government, prevent the French from erecting batteries, and 
[firing on his Majesty's Ships. In the night I sent my Boats to 
Bg off [for] my examination, the \'essels in the Road of Finale, 
[which ihey diil wiiiiout being discovered by the batteries; and 
B«t morning, the 8ih, finding them all Neutrals, I liberated 
whole, four or five in number. The Master of the Felucca 
I me that he had lost a pair of silver buckles, and that a keg 
K', of ten guliotis, had been drunk ; at d»e same time, he 
rncd be could not say it was our seamen who took his buckles. 




which he vaUied at forty livres. The keg of wine I offered to 
return to him, as it had been taken to refresh our people, but 
this he declined. The Master breakfasted on board, and 
carrietl a Note from me to the Governor of Finale; and I 
declare, on my honour, that I heard no complaint whatever, 
except as above slated, and he appeared to nie to leave the 
Ship perfectly contented. 

The next Note, dated June Ifith, and which the Secretary 
declares shall be the last, which I am glad to hear, never 
having in any one case given the least cause for any complaint 
of my conduct. The Serene Government of Genoa may 
know, on inquiry, that so far from my conduct having been 
oppressive, it has been constantly marked by a forbearance 
and humanity never exceedcil. 

I shnM relate (he plain matter of fact, and with so great • 
regard to truth, that I freely wish ihe case to be examined, 
and those who have been guilty of falsehood, stigmatized as 
they deserve. Nearly the whole facts, as stated by the Secre- 
tary, are false, as I am ready to prove by the declaration of die 
French Commander of the Convoy taken by me at L' Arena, 
delivered by him at Leghorn. 

On May 3 1st, between the hours of two and three in the 
afternoon, a French vessel with her colours flying, then at 
anchor under the Tower of L'Arena, which liad Genoese 
colours hoisted, fired on his Majesty's colours. I instantly 
directed the Squadron to anchor in L*Arena, and to take the 
French vessels. In running in, a gun went off from the 
Agamemnon, by accident, but did not, I believe, go near the 
shore — certainly not dear the Tower. The French vessels of 
war and the Squndron exchanged a few guns, when our Boats 
resolutely boarded the Eneniy and took them. During this 
contest, to my astonishment, the Tower of L'Arena opened a 
fire on his Majesty's Ships having their colours flying, it being 
notorious that ihe French commenced the attack ; and, there- 
fore, had ali the Coast been actually in tlie possession of the 
Genoese, I had every reason to expect an exact Neutrality, 
and not that tlie Genoese fortress would have assisted the 
Enemies of England in their attack on his Majesty's Ships, 
which I most solemnly declare they did. But such was my 

jmanity and 

•e, that so far from returning the fire 

T. 37.] 



>rtrcss bearing the Genoese Hag, and which had killed 
wounded several of his Majesty's subjects, and fired 
iroagh the Agamemnon, that I patiently received the fire, 
kd sent a Boat, with an OflScer and a Flag, to ask the reason 
'their firing on the English colours, and that il'tlie Governor 
totinued to fire, I should most ceitiiinly return it. The Go- 
srnor's answer to the Officer was, that he thought we Lad fired 
"St, but now he knew it was the French, he should fire no 
ore, and hoped I would not fire on the fortress or the Town, 
luch I did not, although a heavy fire of musketry continued 
|B kept up on our Boats from the houses, and which it was 
^■r power to have destroyed in ten minutes. 
H^e facts, most truly related, will shew wlio has real cause 
complaint. I have confined myself to the subject of com- 
oint in the three Notes ; but I can bring forward, for almost 
ery day, complaints of a nearly similar conduct, but (as I 
»ow the French are in actual possession of the whole Coast, 
though the Genoese are allowed by them, for convenient 
asons, I have no doubt, to have certain fortresses with their 
lours flying on them) it is useless to mention them. The 
trene Government will not, I am sure, say they can afford 
otection to any English Ship, in any Bay or Port on the 
jast, from Savona to Ventimiglia. 

kl am, S(c. 
Horatio Nelson. 
[From Clurke «nd M'Artbur, toI. i, p. 3fll.] 

2aih June. 1700. 

My dear Sir, 
Hpend you, a full reply to the three complaints of the 
Kiese Secretary of State ; a copy of which I have also 
idosed for Mr. Drake, that lie may answer the Govern- 
ent of Genoa, if he thinks it rigfit. Tlie Genoese can only 
akc these complaints to please the French ; but I cannot 
ink it right, that we are to be traduced to please any 
ntioa on earth. 

I am, &c. 

UoiiATio Nelson, 




Mr. Fonnereau tell me, that except bad debts, aiid the 

lof furniture, nothing of any great consequence was left in the 

I hear the Governor behaved with all the attention in 

[power to tlie English, by doubling the guards on the Mole 

[prevent them from being molested in getting out their 

i; and, that when it was represented to him that 200 

and 6ome bread were shipping for the English, his 

was, Leghorn is a free Port, and shall remain so, until 

nve contrary orders from the Grand Duke. 

hare just detained a Fishing-boat from tlie Town: the 

(entered at Porta Pisa, and marched through Via Grande 

[^ Mole battery. General Buonaparte went to the palace 

(the Gtand Duke, and thence made a visit to the Governor, 

took possession of the house of the English Consul. A 

jch sentinel is mounted at the gates with a Tuscan. Ex- 

pi tlje French troops necessarj' for the batteries, the rest lie 

the Town, on the glacis ; for not one has a tent. The 

set off directly for Florence. I have written to say, 

whftteTer may be their policy, in withholding a few vege- 

tandfruit from me, yet that their Fishing-boats might safely 

I oat as usual ; for we never wished to distress innocent inha- 

nis. I intend remaining here for a day or two, in order 

I prevent any English ship from entering, until the news may 

about. It is then my intention to proceed to .St. 

Piorenzo, to get wine, wood, &c., and thence to go to Genoa. 

I find my Ship well manned^ although not active. 

I am, Bcc. 

HoBATio Nelson. 


tr Sir, 

C^toiu, Su Fiomuo, Jnly Ist, 170 

Iloiow you must be anxious to hear what has been passing 
' 1 0, tliercfore I send you information just as I received 
i form or order. You may depend Buonaparte' is 
and 1 hope on the account supix)3etl, that General 

• NdMn omislly wroto, Bmnu Part*. 



Beaulieu is reinforced. The English are under infinite ( 
tions to Spannochi,* who is suffering for iu And to Cai 
Fremanile they are ranch obliged, for his great exerti 
getting all their shipping out of the Mole- I will not sayj 
any exertions of my own were wanting to get to 
sooner, for it was Thursday noon before we heard the run 
at Genoa^ and it was the same day they knew it at 
when an express was sent to me. Calms prevented myar 
till the Monday morning ; fortunately, my assistance wm i 
wanting, and it was to tliese (appareudy to meunfortufl 
calms that so much property was saved. So soon as I 
little provision and wood, which will be two days, I si 
over to Genoa, to inquire for letters and to hear the new%] 
pray keep this secret, or I shall be tormented witli applicati 
ibr passages, and I have as many on board as is conveniei 
me. Whatever commands or letters you may have» I 
take great care of them. From Genoa, I shall proceetl dir 
to the Fleet, and I sincerely hope they may be induced to< 
out before they know of Buonaparte's retreat ; for I hat 
doubt but the destination of the French Army was Cor 
and it is natural to suppose their Fleet was to amuse 
whilst they cross from Leghorn. Ever believe me, dear 
Your Excellency's most obliged and faithful servant, 

Horatio Nelsoi 

His Excellency tbe Vice- Roy. 

P.S. Your Excellency may wish to send the Vanneai 
Sardine to some place with your dispatches. I will order l 
to Bastia to receive your commands the moment I receive; 
wishes ; ihey are perfectly ready for sea. 


finclosed in Uie preceding Letter.] 

June 20th. — Sent and got a small Fishing-boat on board ; 
the crew were much frightened, and said, if the French knew 

• OoTemoT of LegUorn : he was a NenpoliKm, am) Imd eosiRumded tlieOuisCAnii, 
''4. Biionnptirte'B com]>luiul to tlie Graiul Dnke of Tiiscanj ngainal Spkunocy^ 
dAted on ihe *^9Ui of June. 1700, for favouring the Eiiglinb, ami iu Lis wliole condnci 
dbiplnyitig a decided hntred ivgiinst the Prencb, and the Gnmd Cuke's itiiviter, W4 
gireu in the Ainitml Rtyinter tor Hm. vkm. A verj' curintm Euj(li»h Irtlrr flnoa 
liiiu to Captain Collinforood, while CapUia of Ihe Quiseanll. diiXe<I l.'itik Januanri 
1700. is printed in Ike Corrr«/wNi^iire ofZord Colling tvwJ, ed, 1837, vol. i. p. 4U. 




\ came oti board an English Ship they would shoot them. 

ey said the Governor weul off to Florence yesterday nfter- 

n, and that, except the cavalry, the French were laying ou 

glacis. I told die man, Giovanni Neri, not to be afraid, 

to bring me information ; he had some letters, which he 

ried on shore, and several messaj^es. 

inie 29th.— 'About ten o'clock, Giovanni Neri, having been 

rently fishing, came on board, with an answer to the 

er sent yesterday, and also to the several messages to dif* 

ent people in the Town. He says the Governor was sent oft' 

a prisoner, but for what reason he does not know ; liis wife 

id children were sent oiT this morning. More than 1000 of 

e inhabitants had quitted the place yesterday, but the French 

wonld allow nothing to pass the gates, and that they searched 

every Boat which comes out of the Mole. The French entered 

at Porta Pisa, passed through the great street to the Mole, 

when Buonaparte went to the palace of the Grand Duke, 

which was prepared for his reception, from thence he went 

with Mr. Bellville, the Consul, lo the Governor, and from 

thence to the English Consul's, where is the head quarters. 

The Municipality, liist evening, ordered a general iihimination. 

The French have been proving the muskcis, and have taken 

possession of one large store belonging to the English. A 

eat number of troops arrived last evening and this morning ; 

ley arc many of them at St. Giacomo ; the whole Coast on 

both sides of Leghorn is full of them. 

June .30ih. — Giovanni Neri came on board atdayligbf, and 
I Iklacevena (one of the people employed by Mr. Udney) with 
^Km. I^st night, BuoTiapurle set oiV with nit the Cavalry : it 
^Has reported General Beanlieu was reinforced, had marclied 
^Hj^ards Manteau, and that the troops from that Town had 
^^bined him. The troops which are at Leghorn and on their 
^^arch was 15,000 men, all but 3000 are retiring ; the first act 
of the French was to sliut the gates, Buonaparte, on his 
rival at the Mole battery, told the Officer commanding there 
Ire on the English ; and, on the Officer saying he had no 
ers, he struck him on the breast, and called him a scoun- 
1. The first order was, that if any communication wiis held 
the English .Shipping in the road, the people concerned 
uld be shot ; the next was, that every person who had or 






knew of aiiy efiects belonging to die Englisb^ and did uot 
direcUy reveal tlie same, would suffer death. An order was 
given for every house to deliver up their arms, and afierwartb 
they were searched by ilie French soldiers. All spnre mat- 
tresses were taken for the French soldiers, who live in the great 
street and sleep there, and it is ordered to be lighted every 
night ; not a shop is opened, nor a thing brought to markei, 
but the French help themselves. Yesterday, it was noticed 
that workmen would be wanted, but tliey would be regularly 
paid. The soldiers are promised to be new clothed at L^ 
horn. The Grand Duke gave a dinner to Buonaparte, after 
which he asked the Grand Duke to send an Officer to shew him 
the nearest way to Rome, and that he was going to join liis 
Army at Ostcria Biauca. On his arrival there, he told the 
Officer he might go back again, and immediately pushed on 
with the 4000 cavalry. It is also said tliat the Governor of 
Leghorn said,' I thought you came as friends, but I find you are 
enemies suid, as that is the case, I wish to go to Florence.' On 
this, Buonaparte called him u Neapolitan scoundrel, u macca- 
roni eater, &c. &c., and said, * I will send you to Florence,' 
which he did, as a prisoner. 

Commodore Nelson has given Giovanni Neri a certificate, 
and recommends him to the good offices of the English. 

[Autograpli, in Ike Hinlo Papers.] 

C«ptaiii, 8«ii Fiorenxo, Jnlj 2ad, 9 tMr, 1799. 

Dear Sir, 

By the arrival of the Inconstant, I have received directions 
from the Admiral to blockade the Port of L^horn, and to be 
aiding and assisting to your Excellency in preventing any 
attempts of the French on the Island of Corsica, and in such 
other matters as you may wish, and is in my power. 

You will give me creilit, I am sure, for my fullest exertiott 
ill the execution of this duty, and that if, on every occasion, I 
do not comply witli all vour wishes, that it is the want of Uie 
U)eans, and not ' ' ' f inclination. 

Having pr shall relate my present iuienlions, 


riticii time and a variety of circumstances must occasionally 
Blanche, I hope, is at Lef^horn ; Melcuger Siiils to- 
>rrow morning; at fartliest, I shall sail on Monday morning, 
id shall take Sardine with me. I purpose anchoring niysdf 
Sardine in the northern road of Leghorn, and that two 
shall always cruise to the southward of the Town, and to 
>r all Vessels near inc till I consider or receive further 
BClions about them ; the very sight of forty or fifty Sail 
ittst be mortifying to the French, and shew the Tuscans the 
ippy effects of tlieir rigid neutrality. Every day I intend to 
ive a Vessel passing between Bastia and Leghorn to Genoa, 
will of course direct the Vanneau and Rose to hold the 
>inmunicatioti with me; and should Convoy be wanteil for 
Jiviia Vecchia, Gaeta, or Naples, I shall, if possible, furnish 
You will, I am sure, see the necessity of these Convoys being 
seldom as possible, by a proper number of vessels being 
>!Iected before the Convoy is desired : this will enable me 
Hter to attend to all the services. 

I shall send to Genoa directly on my arrival otT Leghorn. 
Believe me, dear Sir, 

Your Excellency's most faithful and obedient Servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

To tlie ViM-Rojr. 


[Autogriipb, iu tke Minto Pitpen.] 

CBpUin, Sin Fiorenzo, Julj 2nd, 17JMJ, 10 a.u. 
HDear Sir, 
I have this moment received your Excellency's letter, and 
have given orders to the Sardine and Vanneau to sail directly 
Bostiii, and having commLinicated with you, to proceed, and 
tch such places as you think most likely for the embarkar- 
jn to take place, and to pay the strictest attention to every 
)uisitiou and desire of your Excellency. The way to Cor- 
n, if our Fleet is at hand, is through Elba ; for if they once 
it foot on that Island, it is not all our Fleet can stop their 
je to Corsica. Pray Gotl, General Bcaulieu may draw 



Uiem back again. If we had the troops, the possesaon of 
Porto Ferrajo would be most desirable for us. The raometrt 
J gel the Speedy, 1 will send her on tlie same service as ilie 
Sardine and V'auncau. 

Believe me ever, yoiir Excellency's most liiithfui, 

Horatio Nllson. 

liis Excelleury tlie Vioe-Boy. 

[Orisinid, in the Admirnlty.] 


Cnptiu]], Sm Fiorenxo. Jul; 3n^ 1*90. 

Yesterday evening, by the Inconstant, I was honoured wilii 
your order for the blockade of Leghorn, and for rendering 
every assistance to the Vice-Roy for preventing the Enemy 
from landing in the Island of Corsica, all whicli I shall attend 
to in the strictest manner, having sent Meleager with tlie 
Convoy, and the Blanche, I take for granted, will lay off die 
Port. I have sent Meleager with orders for the blockade, and 
shall sail, if possible, to-morrow myself, with the Sardine. 

I wish much to have your ideas of the blockade, as the one 
we had of Genoa was of Hide consequence. The Vessels were 
told, * you must not enter Genoa,' but the first night or brisk 
wind never failed to carry them in ; and if we stopped them, 
it only l>ecame an expense, for which Mr. Udney' has not 
been paid. M}' present intention is to anchor with Captain 
and Sardine (which is not fit to cruise, for %vant of men) in 
the northern Road, to keep two Frigates cruising to the south- 
ward of the Town, and to anchor all Vessels bound to Leg- 
horn near me, or see that they steer clear of the Port. I an) 
this day equipping llie French Gun-boat No. 12, which I in- 
tend always to have near me. She carries one eighteen 
pounder in her bows: she will, of course, be very useful. I 
intend to have her valued to-morrow morning. The Ketch of 
tlu'ee eighteen pounders I have not lately heard of, but I 

fc not much fonr tor her safety. She shall be valued when 

lisU Consul at Lcghoni. 

gel licr. I nicnn, not only to prevent ah Vessels trom enter- 
ng, but niso from sailing, giving them notice that they shall 
Ootsail without coming on board rue for permission and ex- 
iininntion. This will lower the French^ and raise us in the 
minion of the LiCghornese. 

I shall keep n constant couimuiiication witii Genoa, and 
ill write Mr- Brame to notify to the Serene Government 
nd to all the Consuls that Leghorn is blockaded, and that 
Vesseb attempting to enter will be fired on. I have 
ritten the Vice-Roy, and send you a copy of my letter. Be- 
sre. Sir, nothing shall be wanting on my part to do every- 
ling possible to distress the French. The possession of Porto 
Perrajo may be desirable for us, but I trust General Beau- 
will yet give a good account of these marauders. 
This moment I have received your letters by the Sincere 
:ting bullocks. Mr. Heally,' also, has just been with 
He has had a conversation with ilie Vice-Roy about 
; and the issue is, that Mr. Littledale is going in the 
Mncere to look out on the coast of Rome and Naples, and 
iving found them, Transports are then to be sent. The 
^ice-Roy has not written to me on the subject of the Packets 
jr Barcelona ; but I most perfectly agree witli you that four 
are better than two, but the impression of a very close blockade 
of Leghorn for a fortnight, may have the happy effect of 
>using the inhabitants. I shall not fail to sow as much in- 
jterticy against the French as is possible. From Turin is 
lonly place we can expect news of either Army, England, or 
rrance. Therefore, I must keep something of force evei'y 
reek to go to Genoa, and I shall not fail to communicate 
rerything to you. In point of force I want but little, but in 
>ini of numbers, 3'ou will see, more than probably can be 
;d from other services. The uoriltern piissage and the 
)Uthern must be guarded, and the more I can anchor in 
ight of the place, the more effect it will have, for if we send 
lenj directly away, the loss of trade will not be so conspicuous 
the lower class, and it is from them I hope an insurrection. 
Lord Garlics,' by the suggestion of the Vice-Roy, stopped 

• Agput VjfltnuJIer to (he Nary. 

* Caftan of ^>« lively frigaU;. He <<niece<leii u 6Ut Eori of Gallovky in IbOO, 
, died on AilminI of the Blae uid K.T. in IbS-L 




the Southampton's departure for Gibniltar. I most perfectly 
agree in the propriety uf the measure, for sevenil Ships will 
want convoy to Gibraltar, and numbers of French emigroote 
passages in the Transports; therefore, Captain Macnaraara' 
waits your further orders. An application will also} I Lear, 
be sent you for a Convoy to Naples. The Ships are not quite 
ready, and I wish that all vessels bound that way may take 
the same Convoy. 

I sent you a daily report from Leghorn, by the Comet. It 
is natural to suppose that if any one man comes off expressly 
to give us information, he will expect to be paid. I paid him 
for the day he came to me. I pray God for good news from 
Beaulicu, then all will be well. 

I have only to liope, that when it is reduced almost to a 
certainty that Mr. Martin* means to give you a meeting, that 
I may be called lo assist at the ceremony. Ever believe me. 
Sir, with the greatest respect, 

Your most faithful servant* 

HoitATio Nelson. 

How much pleased i am with Colonel Graham's letter.* It 
is owing clearly to the Navy iliai the Siege of Mantua is raised. 


[From II Copy in tbe Nelson Papers. Mr. Hutljr ww Agent Vitrlailler to Ifae 
Mbtj in Corsica.] 

^. CnptAin, San Fiorcnzo, July 4lli, 1T9S. 

As the Vice- Roy has desired a passage and every accommo- 
dation to Mr. Gouthier and his family, it is necessary that they 

* Captikin .TiunM Maotiamam, of tbe Soutliunpton, of 32 gnna. Ttijs galltot 
officer oblniucd iin tincnviable cclciirity fVoni bni-ing killed Colonel MontgonsMy in 
a ilnel, in April IKIK}. At bis triiil, Lord Nelson Iwrc strong tesiimony to hi" 
uiiiabb^ ilisposition and Lonoorablc character. Ho died a liear-Admiral of tlu: Bed 
early iu lH2fl. 

* Vice-Admiral Martin, Comiunnder or tlic French Fleet in Toiilon. He rum- 
manded the Knemv'ti Fleet iu tlic Aiilion» with Admiral tiatbani of tl>e IStli and 
I4ili or Miircb, and of iLe l;itli of July, 170A. 

' The Sipg<! of Mnntita wu nut raisrd until tbe 30tb of July. See Colonel 
CirttLnms (iifterwarda Lord Lynedncli) Disputcb, dated " Head-Qtjartere of Field 
Mar»li«l Wtirr* ' " ^r, Vallegio, lut Anpiai, 1790," announcing Uial «Teal. in 
UiB Londot J2;tb of Aagtiat, 179U. 

M/r, 37.] 



>uld be victualled for their passage to Gibraltar ; therefore^ 

! send you a copy of the Vice-lloy's letter to Captain Craven. 

'you imve any doubt*! of the propriety of victualling them for 

leir passage to Gibraltar, I must refer you to the Vice-Hoy 

Sox the intention of his letter. 

i ani, Sir, &c. 



r of< 

[Autograph, in tbc Miulo I'apcrs.] 

Captain, Son FioKiizo. J11I7 bih, 1706, 10 i.U. 

Dear Sir, 

iptain Freoiantle has this moment given me your letter of 

lay's date. I have wrote to the Admiral for more precise 

istnictioiis as to the blockade, and iiave pointed out the in- 

"utility of such a blockade as that of Genoa. I have a letter 

rvady to send to Mr. Brame, desiring him to acquaint the 

Irene Government of Genoa that Leghorn is blockaded, and, 

of course, that no Vessel will be permitted to enter [hat Port ; 

and, should iliey attempt it, they will be fired upon. I have 

desired the same communication to all the Foreign Ministers 

and Consuls residing in that City. Respecting the Tartan 

tishermcn from Leghorn, I mean not to molest them, at least for 

the present ; they will give us frequent communication with the 

1 Town, and will mark our good will to the inhabitants, which I 

shall, in scraps of paper, always send amongst them, and of my 

^keadiness to assist them in liberating Leghorn from its present 

^"tyrannical Rulers. 

I As you have had the goodness to tell me of your Regulations 

for the Corsican Privateers, I sliall niakc my observations on 
icm freely. The fiist Article, (till we can, by post from 
je Coast, make known the determination by a letter to all 
»e Foreign Consuls at Leghorn, some of which will doubtless 
et safe, and desire each to signify ilic contents,) maybe thoaghl 
hard ; it might be altered ' to be brought into Bastia, for the 
Misideraiion of the Vice- Roy,' &c. 
To the 2nd Article, I agree most fully is proper. 

Is it not meant to make prize of provi^jions going to 

Leghorn * I should think ihis as necessanr M any odnr 
for the provisions cunnot be for the inhabitants. 

4th. — The time of the 20lh of the month appears nfficienl, 
but this to be judged by yourself; and 

To the last I a^ee most perfectly. If two or more Qfxkxa 
Privateers join me, I agree, and aro sure none of my Squadron 
will differ from me ; whilst they remain under my orden^ eMJi 
Vessel shall share alike, that is, if I have six Vessels sod the 
Corsicans two, tbey shall share one quarter; and if more or 
less, the same proportion. 

I will immediately, on my arrival off Leghorn, send }H}a vx 
account of the Vessels I have, and what Convoy I can order 
for Naples ; only let tlie Vessels be ready the moment the Ships 
of war come to Fiorenzo. 

I shall add to my letter to Mr. Brame, that all VesseUj'aricr 
thb notice, which sail from Leghorn, will be made prize of ; 
and also, that no Vessel will be suffered to pass inside it»e 

The wind, yesterday, was a hurricane. We hate b«l* 
under sail, but are obliged to anchor again. 

Believe me ever. Dear Sir, 
Your Excellency's most obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelso 

His EseeUeacf tlw Vtc«-Bov. 


[Aatognplt. ia the Miuto Papen.] 

Ciptaia, Sia Renoio, Juljf ftUi. 1790. 
Dear Sir, 

It blows such a storm of wind that I cannot yet get out ; I 
hope it will moderate in the morning. 

I shall send your bills to Genoa by some Frigate, as soon M 
possible. By lettei*s from the Admiral, of old dale, received 
last night, brought by Sincere, he desires me to concert willi 
your Excellency the arrangement of the Packets to Barcelona. 
I take for granted the Admiral has wrote fully to your Ex- 
cellency on tlie subject. Whenever you please to desire ray 
opinion in any matters, you will believe I shall give the 

jnest opinion. I feel every day more and more honoured 
the conBdence of Sir John Jervis in my comluct, and it will 
rer be my study to deserve the continuance of his nnd your 
opinion. Being, with the greatest respect, 

Your Excellency's most faithful, 

HoriATio Nelson. 

Ilia EMelleucj' ihe Vice-Roy. 

If your Excellency has an opportunity, I beg you will send 
my letter to Mr. Drake. 


[tiulosed io a Letter from Sir Jotiu Jervis to Evan Nepean, Esq., dated " Viotory, 
'Touloti, a2iid July, 1700;" now ia the AdiuinJty.j 

atti July. nuo. 
Herewiili I send you the valuation of the small Gun-boat. 
Jio. 12,' as she will be much wanted in the Road of Leghorn. 
It is clear she is not over- valued, for she is oilmost new. The 
brass guns and swivels are only considered as old brass. 

[FVcm ft Cop7 iu Ibe Adminiltr, and ori^tuil Draugbt, in Ike Nelson Papers.] 
^ ^. Captain, at Sea, Julf fltli, 1700 



Being ordered to blockade the Port of Leghorn, I have to 
desire that you will officially inform the Government of Genoa, 
and all the Foreign Ministers and Consuls, that the Port of 
ghorn is in a state of blockade, nnd that any Vessels which 
ay clear out from Genoa for Leghorn, or attempt to enter 
it after this public declaration, which I desire you will give in 
its fullest force and form, will be made Prizes of, or fired on, 
d sunk, as circumstances may make proper: and you will also 
nify, that the entry of the Road, which includes the space 
inside the Melora, will be considered as the Port of Leghorn. 
e Genoese Government will of course make this known to 

' Vide p. 177. ante. 




all the Towns in the Riveira of Genoa, as you will write to ft!l 
your Vice-Consuls, from Port Especia to ^^entimiglia. 

I Imve also turther to desire that you will acquaint ilie 
Government of Genoa, and all the Foreign Ministers and 
Consuls, that no Vessel will be permitted to leave the Port of 
Leghorn until it is delivered from the hands of its present 
tyrannical Rulers, and restored to its legal Govenimeni ; aitd 
you will desire the several parties mentioned to write to their 
Consuls at Leghorn of this my determination. And as I 
think it honourable to make known this determination, that 
no person may plead ignorance, so it will be credited, if ray 
character is known, that this blockade will be attended to with 
a degree of rigour unexampled in the present war. 
I am, Sir, 

Your obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

[From a Copy in tlie AdimnltT, and the origuul Draught in the Nelaon Pqwn.] 


IIU BriULimic Htgest/B Ship C«|it«in, off Leghoni, Jnlj 7th, 1 T08. 

I have to acquaint you that no Vessel will be permitted to 
enter or leave the Port of Leghorn till it is restored to its legal 
Government. I beg leave to recommend that all Ships should 
be taken from the Road into the Mole, as it may prevent dis- 
agreeable consequences. 

I have the honour to be, Sir, 
With great respect, your most obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelsok. 



[From a Copjr, in the Nelson Papen.] 

Cqttain, off Porto Fem^o, Jnljr 9lh, 1700, 

Although I saw the Inconstant weigh anchor from Fiorenzo, 
on Wednesday evening, and also saw her off Cape Corse on 
the next a <en, Captain Fremantle writes me, he made 



Captain's signal to come widun hail, which I did not see, 
nor if I had, should I have helieved il could have been made to 
f, as the Inconstant did not make any effort to speak me. 
lus I pursued my route oif Leghorn, without being informed 
rhat was your Excellency's intention. 
Yesterday morning, at seven o'clock, I received your letter, 
id havijig dispatched the Meleager to Genoa, for information, 
id directed Captain Sawyer to pursue the proper methods 
>r the effectual blockade of Leghorn, taking under his 
|ireciion the Sardine, Le Genie, and a Gun-boat I fitted out 
Son Fiorenzo, I proceeded, witli llie Peterel, off this place, 
rhere I arrived last night, and sent in a Boat to examine if the 
French or English had possession. We found the South- 
ampton there. This morning, I saw the Convoy to the west- 
ward, and the Inconstant is making sail to join me ; therefore 
I have only to assure your Excellency that every effort of mine 
simll be used to fulfil your intentions, when I know them, 
;ing, with the greatest respect. 

Your most obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 
> Hii Ex«eI]eiiBy Uie Vioe-Boj. 

I send you a copy of my letter to Mr. Brame, and also to tlie 
foreign Consuls at Leghorn. 


[Trom K Copy, in the Nelson Papon.] 

CapUin, off Porto Ferrajo, July 9tli, 1708. 

It was yesterday, at seven in the morning, I received the 

Vice- Roy's letter, acquainting me of his intention to possess 

I'orto Ferrajo,^ then close off the Itilelora. I instantly dis- 

* Sir OillxTt Klliot's reasons for talcing posaession of Porto Fornyo in Uie Island 
KItiA, are fully sbewii \>j his Li-ttcr lo tLe Goyernor of that place, dated Daatia, 
Jnly. ITftO :— 

•Wf. — Thr French troopahave taken poweaaion of the City of Leghorn, the cannon 

'Tive lieen directed against tlie Ships nf the King, in llie Road, and 

Mfgesty's subject* ai Lrgliom hax been Tiolatcd, notwithatandiug 

uauuaUi) ut Uis Iloyal Highness the Gmud Duke of Tuacuiy, cud the reiterated 



patched ihe Meleager to Genoa, with my letters, the ooc I 
Mr. Bramc, ami lo tlie Foreign Consuls at Leghoin. I int 
copies, and ilirecteil Captain Cockbum to remain in thai Po 
forty-eight hours, in order to receive all the information *h 
is to be collected. 

The Blanche, Sardine, Le Genie, a Gun-boat, and (■ 
Corsican privateers, I left, to continue the blockade of] 
and proceeded, with the Peterel, off this place, wliere larrix 
last night. The Convoy hove in sight this morning, and 
Inconstant is working up to join me. In the night I sent i 
boat into Porto Ferrajo, where they found his Majesty's 
Southampton. j ^^^^ ^,,^ j^^,^^^^^ ^^ 

Horatio Nei 

[From " Tlie London G«zettc," of tbe 20th of Augnii, 17M.] 


C*|rtaui, Porto Fcrrnuo, lOlb July, 1700. 

I have the pleasure to inform you, that the Troops under the 
command of Major Duncan took possession of the Foris om^ 
Town of Porto Ferrajo, this day, at ten o'clock. On my joining 
the Convoy from Bastia, yesterday forenoon. Major Dune 
having done me favour to come on board, we concerted on tl 
most proper methods for speedily executing the \'ice-Roy'*' 
instructions to the Major. The Troops were landed last nigfc 
about a mile to the westward of the Town, under the directii 
of Captain Stuart, of the Peterel ; and the Major irnmediatdj 

prOtnUttions of the Fi«nch to re«ip«cl it. Tberc is likewise reason (o beliere^ 
tbe French kaye the same design npnn tlie fortress of Porto FerT\o, hoping b; 
mcan^ to fiu-ilitote tbe desigua wbicb Ibev lueililUe iigaiiiNt tbe Kingiloui of Cor 
Tlie«e circuniMtiuices bave deiennlned us to prevent tbe plana of ilic Knemirs ot the 
King, wbicb nre ci]nolly bostile to bis Royal Iligbness, by piftcing at Furto Femyo 
D gMTison cftpuble of defending that place, our only intention being to present ibat 
IbrtrrM, and tbe wbolc of the Island of Klba, from being taken poMffasion of by iJic 
French. We iii\iic and request yon, Sir, to receive the troops of hie Majesty which 
will nppeor beforr the plare, under the following conditions." — According to lUe«e 
eonditionjf, Porto Fcrrryo and its dependencies were toremuiii under Uie goTemmem 
of tbe (irand DuUc; «nd a solenm promiac was given, that the troofis ahouM r«Uiv. 
and the place be restored, m the pence. — Annual Register, vol. xxxriii, ••Biol* 
Pupent," p. 130. 



close to tiie gate on the west side, aiul nt five 

this morning sent in to the Governor the Vice-Ro}'s 

containliir; the terms which woulil be granted to the 

I, and gftve him two hours for the answer. At linlf-pnst 

canie on shore, when we received n message from tlic 

>r, desiring one lioiir more to consult wiUi the princijial 

iUtnts. ^^'e took this opportunity to assure the Tuscan 

i\Si that they shoukl receive no injury whatever in 

^persojis or property. 

iving ordered the Ships into the harbour, to their several 
IS, before appointed, the Major and myself determined, 
kl the terms offered be rejected, to instantly open the fire 
l>f the Ships, and to storm the place, on every point from the 
bod and sea. The harmony and good understanding between 
lite Aniiy and Navy employcil on this occasion, will I trust be 
a farther proof of what may be effected by the hearty co-ope- 
aiAm of the two services. 

I I cannot conclude without expressing my fullest approbation 
ofllic zeal and good conduct of every Cnptnin, Oftlctr, and 
Mad in the S<juadron ; and also, that during the time I was 
fBece«arily employed on shore, that my First Lieutenant, 
Edrard IJtrry, commanded the Ship, and placed her opposite 
»lic grand bastion, within half-pistol shot ; and in such a maimer 
M could not Iwxve failed, had wc opei»ed our fire, to produce 

(;reatest efiect- 
I have the honour to be, &c. 
Horatio Nelson, 
.B. The PUice is mounted with one hundred pieces of 
'■"uuion and garrisoned by 400 Regulars, besides Militia. 

Captain, 74 guns. 
Inconstant, 36 guns, Captain Fremnnlle. 
Klora, 30 guns, Captain Middleton. 
Southampton, 32 guns, Captain Macnamara. 
Petcrel, 10 guns, Captain Stuart. 
Vannean, Brig, Lieutenant Gourly. 
Rose, Cutter, Lieutenant Walker. 

TOUn, p 

210 ^^V LETTEV& 

[Fran « Cop;, in lite N«1ko& P«p«rB.] 

Capuin. Porto F«mjo. Joljr lOi^ I) 


I am happy in congratulating your Excellency on the i 

cess of your plan for the possessing ourselves of the Forts 

town of Porto Ferrnjo. The perfect harmony and good i 

derstanding subsisting between Major Duncan' and mj 

would not, I trust, have failed to gain the possession of thif i| 

valuable post and harbour, even had the handsome lermsoflei 

by your Excellency been rejected. Major Duncan, than wh 

his Majesty has not a more zealous Officer, will detail to 

Excellency his proceedings. I have the honour to be, vill 

the greatest respect. 

Your Excellency's most faithful and obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelsok. 
His ExoeUenoy the Vie«Boy. 


[From A Copy, in Uie Kelson Pi^n.] 


Ci^Uln, Porto Temio, Jtilj llUi, IT 

I have the pleasure to inform you that the King's t 
took possession of this place yesterday forenoon. This m< 
sure was judged expedient, in order to prevent the Frenc* 
from possessing it, and thereby have an easy access tO 

The Governor of this place (for except the guard'mg tU^ 
fortificiitiuns all is left as before) sends off a letter for tb^ 
Grand Duke to-morrow morning, and of course he will sen' 
copies of the Vice-Roy's letter to him ; and also, of all th^ 
letters and declarations which have passed between him an(^ 
Major Duncan, and myself. You will credit, Sir, that th& 
utmost attention will be paid to the declarations, &c., and I 
trust that the Tuscan subjects will feel that protection by 
the assistance of his Majesty's forces by sea and land, which 
will give an increase to their happiness. The iahabitaats 
• Viae. Tol. i. p. 3;.i. 

sensible of the great difference between their situation 

that of the unfortunate Livornese; and happy, indeed, 

I dial) I be, to see the necessity of withdrawing ourTroops when 

the Enemies of all Italy shall be driven out of it, and all the 

' Dominions of his Royal Highness restored to the tranquillity 

Mperienced before the 6agrant breach of faith in the French. 

All is not only cjuict, but as the Vice-Roy expresses him- 

belf, better than quiet in Corsica. 

I am honoured with the direction of the blockade of Leg- 
^tom. I have already granted permission to several persons 
bring their Vessels to Porto Ferrajo, to trade from hence to 
ly neutral Country they please. 

I am, Sir, with the greatest respect, 
Your most obedient and very humble servant, 

IIoRATio Nelsok. 

[From a Copy, in the NeUou Ftpne.] 

CspUrin, offLfgbom, Jnly 15tb, I7W. 

Dear Sir, 

I send Meleager to Bastia, to tell the Vice-Roy all the 

ienoese news, and also to take with him all the letters and 

srs I have received, which the Vice- Roy will forward to 

r»o Boon as read. I may congratulate you on the soreness 

rhich the French feel for your strict blockade of the Port of 

Toulon. We have fairly got to be m.isters from one end of 

le Coast to the other. I wish GovernmenL bad given you full 

Answers about stopping corn and inetchandise going to France. 

U is on this point the French Minister lays his stress. We 

i\ much by not having a Minister at Genoa at this particular 

le, that Government not having tbe smallest notice taken of 

leir complaints, although they must know they are without 

>undution. I inU'nd to go to Genoa so soon as Meleager 

and 1 have wrote to the Vice- Roy for his advice 

:iing my making a visit to the Doge, and of introducing 

ic subject matters of complaint, and of assuring him of our 

ipeci for the real independence of Genoa ; and that I have 

rUircd to Mr. Drake, that whibt the French are in pussession 





of the western RivierA of Genoa, and net Iiostllely ag^ainst 
Englibh, I should consider it ihe Coast of an Eneoiy. 

We ciinnot get rid of the stoppage of provisions goio^ 
France. As to the rest, I can say, on paper and by mai 
some soolhuig things to the Doge ; and as to a breach of 
riiihls of Nations, the French have the whole coast forti, 
and their present breach of all honour and faith, by tiie 
invasion of Tuscany. 

General Wurmser,' you will see, commands the 
They have beat the French near Mantua: not less 
10,000 have been killed or takeiv On the Rhine, and 
the Prince of Conde's Army, where is Louis the Eighieei 
all is victorious: not less than 40,000 French have 
destroyed — their Army is annihilated. 

Jourdan writes, he cannot stop without reinforcements 
he gets to the gates of Paris. 'Die Prince Charles has belw 
with great resolution and conduct, and gained immoi 
honour; he was everywhere. 

I shall make the minds of the English easy, at Genoa, b; 
assuring them I shall come to their help whenever tl 
ready to embark, but that we have not Shipping toe. 
their effects. If they please, they may send to Fiorenzo and 
have any Merchantmen, but not a Transport can be spared. 

Four P.M. — I am just anchored in Leghorn Roads. I havc 
had a Fishing-boat on board. All quiet at Leghorn. 

Yesterday, the Tree of Liberty was planted in great forir>* 
and the Goddess of Liberty was carried in great procession 
2500 Troops in the place. I have not yet had an opportunit 
of having the Genie valued : she is at present chasing to th 
southward. The Sardine cannot move in light airs, she is sc' 
very foul; and, to say the truth, she has not men to mana 
her, aliliough I am sure Captain Killvvick' does all in his power" 
Believe me, dear Sir, 

With the greatest respect, 
Your most faithful and obedient humble servant, 

Horatio Nelson, 

As Sardine is also to the soudiward, I cannot send his stati; 
and condition. 

• Field -MiirsbftI Wnrraser, n reieran Uien in bis eigbtJeili year, autcttitd Gtttnl 
Bfiuilien tu (In- cunnimad of ilie Ausitriiiu Amy. 

' l'a)itHiu Eawitnl KiJIwirk: he was Posted in 1707, and died Wok li^Jf 





[Autognipb, in Uic Minio Papers.] 

Captiiin, offLegborn, July lOili, I70D, 
Dear Sir, 

send the Mcleager, that Captain Cockbuvn may tell you 

lie news from Genoa, and also Mr. Trevoi 's,* Mr. Brame's, 

every paper I have received, which you will be sogootl as 

I forward to the Admiral, when read. On the subject of Mr. 

^rpoult's Note, I wish very much for your advice. We feel 

pioss of having no Minister nt Genoa : our Consul has no 

over to answer these Notes, of either the Genoese Secretary 

Slate, or to refute the infamous lies which arc fabricated by 

[French Minister to irritate the Genoese against us. It 

trtoinly notorious that we endeavour to stop all intercourse 

en Genoa and France, and licre it is the French Minister 

flus stress ; and at the same time gives out that the British 

op nil Vessels belonging to the Genoese, to whatever place 

may be bouiul. By the influence, or rather fear of the 

:h, the Genoese Government liave made several of the 

frivolous complaints of the breach of neutrality in the 

ern Rivieiti. I have answered nil the notes, and I hope 

I will reach Mr. Draivc. Duplicates I sent to request you 

l&nvard, when I was last at St. Fioicnzo, but in the mean- 

le the Genoese get no answer whatever ; this they must 

I, and the French are making the most of it. 

^ean to go to Genoa so soon as Cockburn returns lo me, 

B will visit the Doge, and tell him that I have received the 

Bds Notes sent to Mr. Brame, and have answered them all ; 

It the facts are either totaliy false, or so much misstated, thai 

. bear not the smallest rescnddancc of truth ; that I have 

pnUj lUc letter fruin Mr. Trevor, (now ill tUi- Nelsoii rapcrs,) ditlcd 

l>, ITIWI. wlifrein, after ac'kuowl^ilj<uiK the ifceipl of romniCMlore Ncbuu'n 

ftlw 'i'ini of thai nintjili, Aiid iinnnisiiig lo aeuA liitii tlic earliest iinlii-e lie 

fttirnrt' of hi» pnunotion : •' on wliicli eveut," Mr. Trevor pftid, be should 

1 with i«iiitt] jsi'nl nnd conJJilpnfctolln; Admirnl of llie Viui," lie naked Nelson'^ 

I "ts 10 die rititiii of ibe iiitoiivcuifnce wbii-b tbe loss of ilic Port of LegUorii 

[to 111* Mi<j««ty'H Flfel, "Hd to onrestublislimi-ut in that cHrtetl t'orsicii ;'" nnd 

lie Vici fvy iig:unHt <toinp "fvul plan" in lb«l Ixlnnd. Mr. Trevor iiddt'd — 

' i» ••id to linve lioupbi ii pi-we. NA[dM u tniiliing hrr'» al Biikln, niid tbe 

tiring to Diiikr I tic lieni be cwi." 




declared to Mr. Drake, thai whilst the French are in posseagioi 
of the VV^estcrn Iliviera, and act hostilely against His Britanoic 
Majesty's Ships, that 1 must consider it as the Coast of an 
Enemy, but that so far from wishing to act with the smallest 
degree of harshness against the Genoese, that neither my 
orders or my inclination will allow me to do it. The Duge 
will naturally put a question, why we stop vessels loaded wiih 
merchandise bound to France. It is here I shall find ihc dif- 
iiculty in answering, and he will of course desire to have wlul 
I say put in writing. Do you think, Sir, I had better take ou 
manner of notice of what is going on, and let these assertJoiu 
of tlie French be uurefuted, for the Genoese commerce is sus- 
pended, and defer my visit to the Doge for a future day ? Prtf, 
Sir, give me your advice. My Admiral is at a distance, ami 1 
well know the delicacy of intermeddling with the Diplomatic 
functions. The blockade of Leghorn is as complete as is p<»- 
sible. Pray God the successes of the Aiisirians may be such 
as to make die Tuscans rise on the French, and open llie Mole 
Gate, when I will most assuredly assist them by landing myself. 
Do you think, Sir, Mr. Drake will come to Genoa.'' We 
must sufTer by his absence. 

Ever believe me, dear Sir, 

Your Excellency's most faithful 

Horatio Nelson. 

Ui* £sc«Uciioy tlic Vico-Bo)'. 



[Euclosed in tbe ttreceding Letter of the 17tlx of July.] 

Cftpiftin. Lcgbui'U RomIh, July ITUi, IJOfl, 

I wrote to all the Consuls at Leghorn by way of Genoa, 
have every reason to believe you have received my letter, 
(but I send a copy.) If you have, I am surprised you 
>ald fcend a Danish vessel out of a blockaded Port, which 
orn is, till it is restored to its legal Government. 
pcct for the Danish flag, and humanity to the owners of 
urn lar into the Port, and not pro-^ 

ito those cxtremilies which the laws of Nations allow in 
of a declared blockaded port. 
I have iJie honour to be, Sir, with great respect. 

Your most obedient Servant, 

lIoRATio Nelson. 


[AaUignipb, in tUe Minio Papen.] 

CapOin, JjCgLoro Botds, )n\y 18th, 1706. 
Dear Sir, 
The Rose joined me in half an hour after the Comet, and 
[Bent olT directly the Sardine, Peterel, and Cornel. I fear 
I'ope lias altered his intentions since the news was sent to 
Admiral : if not, I havo still hopes his Holiness may com- 
mence war against the French ; for I never heard he was in 
actual hostility against them. Should, however, the Sloops not 
lye wanted, I will thank yon to recommend to the Captains to 
yin me; they are wanted here. I have now only Blanche 
111 Meleager with me. Tho Rose must go to refil, antl I 
ought to send a Ship every week to Genoa. The Corsican 
privateers keep at such a distance that I cannot communicate 
with them. I wish two could be directed to be always at my 
elbow. I think 1 have heard there is a person who directs their 

Yesterday morning a Danish vessel came out, loaded with 
oil and wine for Genoa : with some difficulty I persuaded the 
geutleman to go in again. I believe it was a trial to know if I 
was in earnest ; for on his positively refusing and my taking 
issession [of] him, to deliver him to a Corsican privateer, he 
about two hours altered his note, and begged I would allow 
im to return. I wrote a letter to the Danish Consul, of which 
I tend you a copy. Mr. Brume's letter will tell you of his 
Dmmunication, on tlie Oth, I suppose, to all the Foreign 
liuisiers and Genoese Government ; and my letter to all the 
>nsuls at Leghorn, if they were put in the post at Genoa, 
lust have got to Leghorn on the 11 th or 12Lh ; but on the 
I, I sent a similar letter to tlie Venetian Consul, by a Ship 
[ordered to return ; therefore you may be assured they knew 
loug ago. The French have laid powder under all the 




works, whicii has aliirnieil the inhabitaiiU, and nenrl)^ all the 
women have quilteil the place- The cannon and mortars are 
mounted on the ramparts, and they say tliey expect more 
troops, but I U'ust, by then* wishing to get into fortified Town*, 
Ihey are at their last shifts nntl ihat this will yet be the most 
glorious of any campaign this war. 1 purpose going to 
Genoa the moment Meleager arrives, and so soon as I return 
will send your Excellency all the news. 
Believe me ever 
Your Excellency's most obedient Servant, 

Horatio Nelsok. 
2000 French arrived yesterday, and Tartans are fitting with 
heavy cannon lo fire on us : therefore, I wish ujore than ever 
for two privateers, A camp is forming at Monte Neva. 


[Froni Clarke und M'Artlmr, vol. i. p. 300.J 

IjCffUora Bo*Jn, 18Uj Julj, 1700, 

Dear Sir, 
I hope his Holinass the Pope may yet wage war against I 
French. I have never heard that he has been in aclua' 
hostility against ihem. The blockade of Leghorn is complete, * 
not a Vessel can go in or come out without my permission. Yes- 
terday a Dane came out laden with oil and wine for Genoa : I 
told him he must return, or I should send him to Corsica. 
His answer was, ' I am a Neutral, and you may take me, but 
1 will not relurn.' I therefore took possession, and intended 
giving luni to a Corsican privateer ; when, in about two 
hours, he begged I would allow him to return. On this, I 
sent him back wiili a letter to the Danish Consul, whence the 
following is an extract : — * Respect for the Danish flag, and 
humanity to the owners of this Vessel, impel me to return her 
into their possession, and not proceed lo those extremities 
which the laws of Nations allow in case of a declared blockaded 
Port.' This, I am satisfied, was a trial of vthal I intendetl ; 
for he said, all the Neutrals were determined to come out. 
If we are firm, the Grand Duke will sorely repent his ad- 
mission of the French : his repeated proclamations for the 

>pte to be quiet, liuve given time to the French to lay 
»W(ler uruler all iLe works; and, In case of any ilisiurbance, 
say, ' up sliall go tiie works.' Cannon are pointed from 
wait to every street, and all tlie cuiuion and mortars are 
louDtcd : the famous long brass gun is on the Mole-head, and 
A morLir. The Grand Duke declares he jci hopes the 
►irectory will order Buonaparte to leave Leghorn ; but I 
:lieve the French now wish to get into fortified Towns, to 
krolong the campaign. 
The Captain has her wants, but I intend she sliall last until 
le autumn; for I know, when once we begin, om* want^ are 
loumcrablc. I hope the Adtnirally will send out fresh Ships. 
The French are fitting out here from four to six Tartans, with 
Lhirty-six pounders, to drive me out of llie Roads; but I am 
»repared against Fire Vessels, and all other plans, as well as I 
im able. The Tartans, it is said, will be out to-niglit : two 
thousand French are arrived, antl more arc expecled. I have 
jnlynow to beg, iliat whenever you think the Enemy will face 
3?ou on the water, that you will send for mc ; for my licart 
^^kYould break to be absent at such a glorious time. 
^B I am, &C. 

^H Horatio Nelson. 

^™ Sir Jc 


[From a Copy, iu Uie Kelson Pii[>crs.] 

[Aliiini t)i<- ■iOUiJidy, noii] 

Sir John Jervis, K.B,, Admiral and Commander-in-Cliicf 

of the Fleet, is so well satisfied (from the representations of 

Commodore Nelson,) of the exceeding good conduct and 

Jacrity shewn by persons of every description in the Fleet, iii 

e possessing ourselves of Porto Ferrajo, that Commodore 

cison is directed by the Commander-in-Chief, to return his 

uks to the Captains, Otlicers, and Ships' Companies cm- 

iloyed on that service, for their good conduct, to which the 

onjmodorc begs leave to add his confidence that, had the 

not surrendered on terms, it would have fallen by the 

▼ery of the Seamen and Soldiers. 



[From Cljvkc ana M'Aitliur, «ol. U pu SOI.} 


CaptMU, Legliorn Korut». umler «ti] for Ocnot, SOtb Jaly, ITfl 


I was this morning honoured with your Roya] 
letter of May 30th ; ' and it gives me real satisfaction to I 
assured of the continuance of your good opinion. Indeed, 
can say with truth, that no one whom yon may have bei 
pleased to honour with your notice, has a more sincere atttdl 
ment for you than myself. It has pleased God this war, a( 
only to give me frequent opportunities of shewing myself i 
Officer worthy of trust, but also to prosper all my undo 
takings in the highest degree. I have had the extreme goo 
fortune, not only to be noticed in my immediate line of^ 
but also to obtain the repeated approbation of His 
Ministers at Turin, Genoa, and Naples, as well as of the 
Roy of Corsica, for my conduct in the various opinions 
been called upon to give : and my judgment being ft 
from common sense, I have never yet been mistaken. 

You will hear of our taking possession of Porto Fc 
wc had not, to a certainty the French would, and then the 
would have been too near Corsica, where I fear we have i 
imgrateful set of people ; and one party acknowledged firicnc 
to the French, which, although greatly outnumbered by O! 

5 ftjg 



■• BicLmond. May :iO, '. 
• ••Dor Sir, 

** I ni to Mknovledge the receipt of your various obliging uai instniottTtl 
ninr« I irrote Irut : pray contiuuc your invalanblc comi>]>ondeucc. I wiah 
Austrian Ajmy bad afforded you better nefrr. ; l>nt I on dreadfully alarmod the I 
of Italy ia aealrd, and that the Italian Stoiirs mtifi bow to th« FreDrli. Id iihort, 
good friend, when I eoropturc Uie warn of cungy of ilio old Oovenunnta, 
trcacher; aiid blunders mode by the Austrian^, with tlic enthusiasm and aetint] 
the French, and iLv ability of their eoudiitrtors, 1 ran see no end to tiipir conqw 
on tlie Continent. I am appreben'iive the Ktnperor inii«t make peace, ami I 
ftagltiona Motuuch of Pruaala tt-ill have itwaon to be on lu« guard agaittn hia fria 
in Franco. As for tlun Country, ikanV Qod, our Nnvy caw, and will protect a»; 
Fleet* cannot root uut the oiicursed doeirines «if the French. 

" I Itopc- you enjoy your health : and I tru«i you will rood return, a* yov 9 
miiat be in a fltace mors fit for a Doek than the Ocean : wkutrerer you mn, n\j D] 
ny friendship luid rrgard, and belicTO me, Dear 8ir, youn unoeraly, WiUiUai«' 
A»togrui>h, in tk« Nclaou Paiiere, 

I, constantly makes disturbances. The armistice of the 
8 and King of Naples will, I believe, come to nothing ; it 
ouly done to gain time, and ihcy will be guided by the 
or defeat of the Austrians. Tlie King of Naples is 
; be has been by far the most faithful Ally of England." 
is at the head of 80,000 men at Vclletri, only two poets 
m Rome, where the people are ripe for a revolt, and 
y declare that the busts, statues, and manuscripts, shall 
go out of Rome. The French possessing themselves of 
l^hom, so contrai'y to the repeated pledges of the Directory, 
will afford such an opportunity for all the ItaUan States to 
break with tliem again, that perhaps tbey may be induced to 
f^vc it up : the King of Naples, if they refuse, would march 
to attack it, and we are sure of the lower order at Leghorn. 
The ganison is reinforced to dO(X) men, and provisions are 
^(ting into the Citadel. The French General has told the 
inhabitants, that if they arc not ^luiet, he would blow all the 
works up round the Town, which in fact would blow half the 
Town up: the mines are laid; large Vessels are alsu fitting 
^^irith forty^two pounders, and furnaces, to annoy me ; but I am 
^Mrcpared, as much as possible, against whatever may happen. 
^^ Grenoa, July 23rd. — 1 arrived here yesterday, and rejoice 
to hear that Marshal Wurmser has commenced ofl'ensive opera- 
tions. I have no doubt but the French will retire to Piedmont 
as fast as they advanced from it ; and I fear they may force 
the King of Sardinia into an alUance against us. To-morrow 
I return to Leghorn. 

lam, &c. 



[Autognpb, In Uie MiAto Papen.] 

Ci^iuin. at Sea, Julj mtb, 17DU. 
Dear Sir, 

feel very much obliged by your advice not to have auy 

explanation with the Genoese Government ; I have at the 

* Peace wa^i, however, made between ttte King of Naples aud Uic Freudi BcputtUc 
on iLe lOili o( October foUoviuir. 



same time taken every pains to convince the Genoese 
have nothing to fear bound to any other places except France, 
and I hope it will have its effect, for not a Wood-vessel l>ouni 
to Piombino would go out of the Port, I send you copies 
Mr. Drake's letters to me, and also the French Minislei 
Note to the Grenoese Government. I wish Mr. Drake was 
Genoa, for such threats may, unless counteracted, have ii 
effect The lower order certainly hate the French ; ami 
the proscribed arc some of the Senate, Second Order, 
Clergy ; and those who the Minister demands should be rci 
stated, aie several younger sons of Noble families, who f< 
their conspiracies about a year or half past were proscri 
from having a scat iu the Councils. The Arms which he 
mentioned were found loaded — hx short, matters are fast ap- 
proaching to a crisis, and will be favourable or otherwise t(^ 
U3, as the successes or defeats of the Austrians point out ; in- 
clination from all I hear, is for us in the Senate. 

Yesterday evening, an express came in from Vienna; nothing 
certain is known ; but report says, it is an assurance that die 
Emperor will change his Minister for one more acceptable 
the Republic. It seems the Siege of Mantua was not raised b 
the sortie on the 15th, but has been since vigorously uitackedi 
a second sally is spoke of, but it is not confirmed. I shoul 
hope the Austrian Army must be there before this time. Mr. 
f JacksonV letter to the Admiral says they will take the field 
about the 15th, with 50,CH)0 foot and twenty-two squadrons of 

I have received a letter which you will see the Swedish 
Minister wrote to Mr. Brame, to allow light Swedes to leave 
the Port of Leghorn. I did not give any encouragement 
that it would be done ; something may be said in favour of 
letting them out, and other Neutrals without cargoes, but the 
great line of punishing (if I may use the expression) the 
Grand Duke will [be] done away, for I consider that all 
the neutral Powers to Tuscany will represent to the Grand 
Duke the injury they sustain by his admission of the French 
into the Town of Leghorn, and will consider the blockade aa 
the natural consequence of such conduct. This will, I trust, 




' Secretary of Lc)f«tiou u Turin. 



te the Ministry of Tuscany use every effort with the 
Rroctory, to order the French to retire out of Tuscany, or in 
iro thereof, that the Neapolitans will finish their truce, 
.being joined by the Tuscans, commence hostilities against 
French ; for the faith of the Directory any more than of 
\ former leaders of France will never pass current again : 
ithe coDtinuancc of a close blockade, this is the fiuit I 
myself, but I shall be guided by your Excellency ; 
'you once open the door, it will never be shut again ; 
will bring little, some much. 
have got from Messrs. Heath die money for your Excel- 
|r, and £80(K> for the Deputy Comraissary General ; this 
I could get in so short a time as my slay. Mr. Heath 
me the one per cent is customary: indeed, this is the 
le, for remittances are not now wanted for London. 
,Hc tells me he is almost sure he can supply Corsica with 
10,000 sterling, per week, but it is necessary they should 
i)W if it is wished tliey shonld collect money for this pur- 
You will be so good as to direct them what to do, and 
"Mr. Buckholm will do the same. I shall every week send a 
^"-■To to Genoa; pray direct Mr, Buckholm, if he wants 
., to make the bills payable to Mr. Heath instead of me; 
for iibould there be any irregularity in the drawing or pay- 
it, it may give some trouble to myself. 
jme Genoese merchants have asked rae if tbey may go to 
aica to purchase Prize-goods, and they intend to take 
ley with them. I have given them encouragement, 
told them the first Frigate shotdd take them and money 
la, and that I will take an opportunity of conveying 
safe back again. 
If I Imvc done wrong, pray say so; but I think you will like 
•^ have these ready-money gentrj' come amongst you. With 
greatest regard, believe me, dear Sir, 
Your Excellency's 

Most faithful 

Horatio Nelson. 

11» F.tMlteDrv ihr Vic*-B«jr. 


[FVftTO CI«Tk» MiJ M'Artlinr, vol. i. p. 808,] 

27(h Jnlr. inC' 
I hare recommended to the Merchants at Genoa, ^ ' 
^diey are alarmed, to ship their goods in time on b< 
^Weutnd vessels as they may find in the Port; for tint 
^Rrould l>e impossible, however much you might be ^ 
Hto send Transports to receive their effects, which in 

hoase amount to £160,000 sterling. Things arc fast a(h1 
proaching to a crisis, and will probably be determined bdbiei 

I 111 receive this. I am, &c. 

m Horatio Nelsoit. 




[AQtograph, in Ujc Minto P»peTi.] 

Cnpuin. L«gboni Beads. Jnly SSth, ITM. 

Dear Sir, 
Many thanks for your letters ; do with every Vessel as jot 
te. I am sure you will recollect the various serrioesDV 
want them all for, and at this moment it is most particuhrlj 
interesting : we should have something off Genoa, the friend 
of the English say it may turn the scale in our favour. M** 
Drake sees the necessity of it, and so do I, therefore I B^ 
more interested that a Privateer or two should come unti^ 
my orders. I shall keep the Blanche from sailing for GeT^<^^^^^^ 
for a few days, if you desire any more money from thence. >- 

thought I had wrote you fiiUy as to the time the blocka«^-^ . «Ji. 
must have been known at Leghorn. We can only judge C^ gy^ 
the fair time, for of course the Masters will not acknowledy^^ ^^ 
they know anything about it. The Venetian Consul knew ii - ^ 
the 8th; all at Genoa knew it the 9th; and if the Foroig^^^ ^ 
Ministers did not send my letters to their respective Consul^^J^^'^ 
and the notification to themselves, it does not rest with ns. B^^-*"^_j 
post, it must have been at Leghorn on the 12th, in the morrT"'''*^ 

Ig, ahhough there cannot be a doubt but all knew it befo: 
though they may plead not officially. I have a priva 




from the Admiral, containing his full approbation of my 
to the Consul, and of mine to Mr. Bramc. I think I 
your Excellency copies, and the Admiral will send me 
}Uc approbation so soon as he has leisure. I have 
to him on the subject of the Swedes. We must be first, 
blockade will be as useless as the Genoa one. 1 grieve 
ir you have been indisposed, but good news from the 
ay will make us all merry. I have just received an odd 
from ^L'. Trevor/ in which he assures me of the deter- 
3n of the French to invade England, I beg my best 
to Lady EUiot for her remembrance, and tliat she will 
my sincere good wishes for her health ; and ever he- 
me, dear Sir, 

Your Excellency's most faithful servant, 

UoBATio Nelsok. 
I EucU«nc7 tbe Viee-Bojr. 


[Autognph draagcbt, in tlie Kelson Papere.] 

Captain, Leghorn RoajR, July 31st, 1796. 

Tbe Fishing-vessels from Leghorn not to be molested or 
I into quarantine by the Ships of War, or Corsican Priva- 

KB. If any Fishing-vessel is known to carry any cargo or 
fHHtDgeis, she is to be seized. 

UoBATio Nelson« 

'[AntApmpb, In the pomMsion of the Hon. Mrt. Nrwnliiun Colliugwood.! 
Oil H, M.'» Senice. 
Captoiu, LcgUorM RomIb, Aii^Mt IdI, 1700, bulf-pMl Mglit, p.h, 
dear Coll., 
he Viceroy tells mc you are at Fiorenzo ; therefore I take 
[chance of this finding yoiu My date makes me think 1 
Ifthnfutt at lycghom; soon I hope to be there in reaUty. 

rui« letter i» not iu Uie NeUon I'Kiicn. 

Except 1700 poor devils, all are gone to join the Army. 
Sometimes I hope, and then despair of getting these starred 
J^ghomese to cut the throats of tJiis French crew. VVTiat an 
idea for a Christian ! I hope there is a great latitude for us 
in the next world. I know by myself how anxious all must 
be for authentic news, therefore I will tell you. My letters arc 
from Mr. Drake, at Venice, copy of one from Colonel Cinh 
ham, the Resident at the Austrian Army, and from our 
Minister at Turin. 

The sortie from Mantua was great, but I do not find ibc 
siege has been raised ; but I have nothing later than 
20th July. General Buonaparte is wounded in the thigh. 
The Austrian Army, 50,000 foot, twenty-two squadrons of 
cavalry, besides the garrison of Mantua, and 20,0<JO at 
Triest, coming forward, would commence operations about tlie 
18th or 20th of July. Everj- moment I expect news froO* 
Genoa: it can, I hojie, hardly fail of being good. 

This blockade is complete, and we lay very snug in th* 
North Road, as smooth as in a harbour. J rejoice with yo^ 
our English Post is open again to us. I have letters only to 
the middle of June : all well, and as to Public affairs, ACr. 
Pitt seems as strong as ever. What liavc we to do with tbc 
Prince's private amours ? The world say there are faults on botb 
sides: like enough. Thank God, I was not born in hi^B 
life. The promotion of Flags seems deferred, but I suppose 
it must take place soon. I have this moment received ac- 
counts that the post from Naples, (say Capua,) which arrived 
to-day, has brought an account that the truce with Naples 
fmbhes to-day, and hostilities commence to-morrow. PraV 
Gotl It may be so. With a most sincere wish for driving the 
French to the Devil, your good health, an honourable Peace, 
us safe at home again, I conclude, by assuring you, my dear 
Collingwood, of my unalterable friendship and rcgar<l, and 
that I ara, in the fullest meaning of the words, 

Yours most truly, 

Horatio Nelson. 

[From Clarke Anil M'ArtUor, vol. i, p. 80;j.] 

Ifit Angttat. KOfl. 

experience the highest degree of pleasure which an 

is capable of feeling, the full approbation of his Com- 

fir-in-Chief; which must not be a little increased by 

ig that his Commander is such a character as Sir John 

ria, without disparagement or flattery, allowed to be one 

le first in the service. 

goes well here, nothing gets in or comes out, except a 

sr, which our Boats cannot come up with ; yet I do not 

that in a westerly gale Vessels may get in, notwilh- 

all our endeavours : I will, however, answer for my 

ions to prevent them ; rowing Vessels are the most useful 

isi the French privateers. The lower Orders at Leghorn 

miserdile ; several have been on board, wishing to serve 

Vions: they have apian for rising, but the Grand 

; »5t every day tells them the French will go away, 

iherelbre orders them to be quiet. 

Before any more letters arrive, I nuist give you the trouble 

ireadhig some omissions which I have made in my former 

Respecting the Corsican j)rivateers, my answer was on 

pposition that two of the Privateers would give up every 

[^consideration, and absolutely put themselves under my 

in that case, and in that case only, did 1 mean to alter 

established rule for sharing. However, not one has 

ejfcd, or put himself under my orders: it has been an age 

I have seen any of them. I had last night a great deal 

conversation with an old fisherman ; he says, 300 light 

ralty, Tuscans, arc coming into Leghorn, that forage for 

fairy is providing about three miles from Pisii, and that the 

pie of Leghorn will not be put off any longer than the 10th 

15th. The French must go. I have made up my mind, 

I when Marshal VVurmscr forces the French, and especially 

[the King of Naples comes forward, that the Grand Duke 

order n number of troops into Leghorn, and say to the 

cncb, * We choose to keep our owu Town :' when the 

ivou If. Q 


French would go quietly off. These people represem 
as a miserable set of boys, without clothes or shoes; so I 
Conunis<^ai-io8 must htive done well ibrtiiemselres: ailthel 
men arc gone to the Army. 

The Jay before yesterday, Vicc-Consul Udncy's things \ 
11 returned into his house : the French are grown very i 
to die inhabitants, who, on the contrary, grow more imper 
The other day they drove the guard from Pisa gate with i 
and told them they should not stay beyond the lOth : ft i 

linsi the Ministry of the Grand Duke would be the 
qucncc of their stay. That said Major de Place, who ( 
on board the Victory to pay his respects to you, is the (Jot 
appointed by the French, and who will certainly lose his I 
if there is nn insurrection : they call him traitor. Ibftrei 
to Mr. Wyndhnm,^ to know if the Grand Duke means to ; 
good the losses of the English ; for till I receive his 
letter, desiring mc to take off the blockade, I shall m 
liberty so to do ; unless the entire property, or the v« 
is restored, or until I receive directions from you. No pr 
has been sold, for there were no buyers : it may be made > 
but that certainly will not do. I shall in this event 
light Vessels to pass, l)ut not a cargo on any account ; fa 
Grand Duke may say, in that Vessel went tlie English 
porty, and shew as pcrnuitod by the English Officer : youj 
think I an* l)cforehand, but a regular plan can never do 
and then, when the event takes place, and take place it I 
will, I have not this part to think of. 

.\hnost all Tuscany is in motion: the whole of this | 
they have (old the French, * You shall go away ; we wi 
l>e starved for you.' The French are sending many thin? 
out of the town, but the generality of English goods arc safr 
they have been repeatedly put up for sale, but none 

The Leghomese have given notice to the French, that] 
shall not make their grand Fete on the 1 0th of Aii 
which time their new clothes are to be ready. All work, 
OS repairing guii-ciirriiiges, &c., is left off. I have no donbi 
by the 1 5th we shall have Leghorn, and then I look forw« 




(rar»ttling with the Pope. The appearance of a Squadron 
off Ciriti Vecchia, and respectful yet firm langtiage, will, I 
We no doubt, induce his Uolincsa to open his Ports as usual. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelbon. 

[Autograph, in the Minto ?«])«»,] 

Captsin, Legliorn RoiuJs, Aug. lit, 1700. 

Dear Sir, 
I am much favoured by your letter of .Tuly 30th, and the 
Blanche id gone for Genoa, and have great hopes she will 
iiring ns good news. Enclosed I send you a copy of my letter 
'0 the Swedish Minister at Genoa, which I hope you will 
•ppnove: my intention is to keep these gentlemen in good 
''umour with us. Your reasons are strong, and I give up my 
"pinion, and prefer yours, as most consonant to keep up good 
*''il with Neutral Powers. The Adjnirurs answer, I think, will 
** with you, therefore I have adopted a signal, that these 
P^'ople may suffer aa little inconvenience as ^wssiblc. I have 
^^ery inclination to befriend every Neapolitan : the good fixith 

»^^ the King of Naples demands and ensiu-es it of us ; but I fear 
^<? permitting cargoes will draw us into scrapes with other 
^^wers ; and we cannot exactly say, such a tonnage may carry 
'^ir cargoes before purchased, and to others, the Vessels I 
'ill liberate whenever they come to me, but with Cargoes I 
-or we must not. A little time, I hope, must induce the 
**nch to quit Leghorn. The Great Duke sends messages 
^>r the people to remain quiet, and all will end well ; but in 
^i»e meantime, the lower Orders arc, from their former plenty, 
'^'Vieolutely in great want. Two nights ago, a man came off to 
•ay, that the fishermen had a place assigned them to attack ; 
Oic shoemakers, bricklayers, and other trades, different places. 
.The Venetians were to liberate the slaves, and pos.sess ihera- 
Mtelvcs of the place where the colours were hoisted, they thought 
[about the 10th: but they must be sure the French would not 
(he able to return in fi»rcc : they all speak disrespectfully of the 
Grand Duke's Ministry. I send your Excellency the dis- 
[poeition of my Squadron : so soon as I can gel any of tlicm 




Biino; bat 

send a Frigate for the ' 

■mall Vessel^i 

Uiflcik whiA rows, la absolutely dc 
RiflKii s : some of the small ones 
camwiL Afaaost every day Vcsaek 
tbr Lcftbom, and I ought not to 
«r VmbcIi IB bkwk tbe port ; imleed, they ax«| 
<j^R TOtt aaj be awe, as &r as I con say, a 
r Utdy. I au gbd they are coming roiuid to 1 
E8t TrmI wbick coma, if English — I don't call S 
8akl ibr Bast la, to take the C< 
codhl be mduced to attend tbc 
)a ^|bt «f NtpfafH 1 do not think they would lose 
•ImH ikr ItaMiBCOiM they would pick up something 
!H^ yott «•■» S|p««dy fo send to Baz^celona ; but you 
ST «tat«» tbcre&n^ do do( lake it amiss slic has not 
loyML IviU OMt kcefiber a moment longer ihaiiL 
m eT«rrAin|^ it is mj endcttrour to meet your wisl 
are not Ukely tomftr flbr want of fre^h beef. I bav 
Cicno^, to 8i^>ply the Fleet 
bdMoeka every veck,ooioiks> lemons, biscuit. 
Dor aooey wUt do much fur us. I am glad the Si 
taogbt the Romans scovhI manners. Not wishing to 
Raar^ as Mr. Walkt-r lelk uie you so uuich want 
muat take luy letter as it i«. Believing me, ever 

Your ExcaHeoej'ft most fiuthfiil and oblige 









MsrosBO or. 

[Astosnyk. la ik» Ubtg Paiten.] 

Inborn Roads, to blockade the 

South Passage. 
Under tbc Melo. 
With the Vice-Roy. 
No water — gone to Genoa — ' 



or SIX il 





Ordered to tbc Fled. 

Gone to Genoa for ioforiuulion ; expected 
to-morrow, to go to the Vice-Roy for 
Barcelona packet, 
le Gcnio . . lleaviog dowu, Portu Fcrrajo. 

I have not room in my letter, but tbc Sincere is not ccr- 
^l\ a sufficient Convoy for sucU valuable Vessels. 




[.lntogmii)i, in iLe Locker Papon.] i 

r«{t<iuii, I^gliorn Road'<, Aagtiat 'JiiiJ, 170G. 

My dear Sir, 

I shall confine my present letter principiilly to the eubject 
of your recommendation, with many other friends of Mr. 
Summers. Very soon after his arrival, Admiral Ilolham ap- 
pointed him, in what was considered at the time as a real 
Vacancy, for it was certain Lieutenant Wcnmau Allison could 
tiot survive, and he died a very few dny.s after his arrival in 
X<ondon. Lieutenant Summers feels, and .so do I, that after 

ving l>ecn a year with me, and in a good vacsmcy, that he 
Is not confirmed ; and I feel it the more, as those made since 
him in invaliding vacancies, are confinned. Indeed, the Ad- 
miralty have confirmed a Mr. Cornpton to a vacancy, when 
they had actually sent out another Ijioutenant, and two arc 
sen'ing in the vacancy of Lieutenant, now Captain An- 
drews. This business, I am sure, want.s nothing but a fair 
explanation, which I beg you to do. I have sent one certifi- 
cate to Mr. Summers's agents, INIarsh and Creed, and send 
you another, which pray present to some of our friends at the 
Board. Ihavc every reason to believe Admiral Young' will 
state the matter fairly to Lord Spencer. 

I may almost congratulate you on our re-entry into 
Leghorn; the country, from the Grand Duke, dowjiwur<l», 
is BO completely in distress by the blockade of Leghorn, that 



* AdininU Williiuu Yuun^;. then one of tbc Lonl* of the Aduuralty; ooc of Nd 
lMm« (inrijr Naval frirndx- Viilc rwl, i. ji. Hit. 




all is in motion, and if tho French are not out of Logho: 
Ix'fore the 15th, there will be « general insurrection. Tbcs 
Lcghomese have told the French, thoy shall not celebrate 
their Fete of August 10, to which the French must submit? 
they say the Grand Duke is a young man, but they do not 
spare his Ministry. The present Governor of Leghorn, wbt» 
is fixed since the French came, they say is a traitor, and, it^ 
there is an insurrection, his head will go oif : but I believe 
we shall manage till without blood — the French will go off» 
No person in Leghorn will buy the English property, for they 
could not send it away ; therefore, except what is destroyed^ 
all is safe. Some English merchants compromised witk 
Buonaparte for their effects ; they will lose, which I am not- 
sorry for. Fear of the Froncli has been the cause of all their 
successes in Italy. With kindest remembrances to every onte 
of your family, believe me, 

Ever yoiu: affectionate and obliged, 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From Clarke «nd M'^Viilmr, vol. i. p. \\(U.] 

Jnd August, I'M. 
Had all my actions, my dearest Fanny, been gazetted, noi 
one fortnigbt would have passed during the whole war withouC: 
a letter from me : one day or other I will have a long Gazette 
to myself; I feci that such an opportunity will be given rac. 
I cannot, if I am in the field for glory, be kept out of sights 
Probably my services may be forgotten by the great, by the 
time I get Home ; but my mind will not forget, nor cease ti^ 
feel, a degree of consolation and of applause superior to unde- 
served rewards. Wherever there is anything to be done, there 
Providence is sure to direct my steps. Credit must be given 
me in spite of envy. Even the French respect me : their 
Minister at Genoa, in answering a Note of mine, when returning 
some wearing apparel that had been taken, said, * Your Nation, 
Sir, and mine, arc made to show examples of generosity, as 
well as of valour, to all the people of the earth.' The fol- 
lowing is a copy of the Note I had sent him.' 

' Vide p. 188, ante. 


tr. .U] 


I will also relate another anecdote, all vanity to myself, but 

^uu vrill partake of it : A person sent inc a letter, and directed 

I follows, * Horatio Nelson, Genoa.' On lieing asked how 

! could direct In such a manner, his answer, in a large party, 

WM, 'Sir, there ia but one Horatio Nelson in the world.' The 

Iter ccruiinly came immediately. At Genoa, where I have 

oppcd all their trade, I am beloved and respected, botli by 

ihe Senate and lower Order. If any man is fearful of his 

being stopiK-d, he comes and asks me ; if I give him a 

cfj or say, ' All is right,' he is contented. I am known 

tluxiughout Italy ; not a Kingdom, or State, where my name 

*^ill he forgotten. This is my Gazette. 

Lord Spencer has expressed his sincere desire to Sir Johu 

Jervis, to give me my Flag. You ask me when I shall come 

•^otne ? I believe, when either an honourable peace is made, 

<>f a Spanish war, which may draw our Fleet out of the Medi- 

letTancnn. God knows I shall come to you not a sixpence 

'^^^her than when 1 set out. I had a letter a few days since 

""Oin II. R. H. the Duke of Clarence, assuring me of his unal- 

'orable friendship.' With kindest love to my father, believe 

r must affcclionate husband, 

HoBATio Nelson. 


[From Clurke aud M'Arihitr, vol, i. p. 30(1.] 

.Ird AuguBt, niHJ. 

I am only this moment honoured with your letter of July 

I6ll], requesting my permission for the departure of some 

, Neapolitan vessels without cargoes. The honour and steadfast 

faith of his Sicilian Majesty in the good cause which all people 

Lougbt to have espoused, make the situation of Neapolitan 

*ls very different from those of any other Nation : I feel 

It I shall fullil the wishes of my Sovereign, and of my 

Admiral, in permitting the departure of Neapolitan vessels 




wiibout cargoes. Therefore, ii' you will order the Vessels to 
come to me, 1 will furnish them with proper passports to pre- 
vent their being molested.* 

I am, &c. 

lIoaATio Nelson. 


Aiilograpb, in the Mii)lo Papers.] 

Ciiptniu, Leghorn Roftds, Augvsl Ord, ITSM. 
My dear Sir, 
You must take the trouble of reading all my packet frorx"* 
Genoa and letter for the Admiral, I will not keep Pctercl to 
select. One old lady tells me all she hears, which is what yr^ 
wish. The moment we have any other Vessel, I will sea«3. 
Speedy, and she shall go now if you want her. The strcngtt-* 
of Peterel is sufficient, if she has Vanncau, Rose, or one or tw^ 
Corsican privateers ; if not, 1 do not conceive the Captais^ 
would he a sufficient Convoy against the llow-boats. I have * 
letter of July Ifith, from the Neapolitan Consul at Leghon* ■ 
and shall endeavour to j^ct a letter to him this evening, de- 
siring the small Vessels (without) cargoes to come to me. He 
only asks me without cargoes. 

Believe mc your Excellency's 

Most faithful and much obliged, 

Horatio Nelson. 

His Excellency lUe Vice-Ror. 

* On the I'lh nf Autnist, Sir Wiliinm HaniiUou roramumciUed U\ ConuucNlorc 
Nelnon " Jiis Sicihiui Mi^jesly's ••iiict^re Dmnkn fortliia act of frii*nilt*hin," aiid nilded — 
" HilhrrtoXftplet desones everj-thing from iia. It would have never mndc an ormisuee 
if it riuihl hnve been avoided, ll wm tu gain lime; oiid be iwsurpd they will ncrrr 
make pvHL-e villi Ihc Fii-nch, if they iiisi!)! upon i-xrltiding the British shiiis fruui the 
Ports of the Two Sicilies, luid their not supplying the Ring'f^ Fleet with provisions." 
—Oriifiiuil, in tlie Nelson Fnpers. Sir Wiliinm Ilurullou vras, however, ininlulyiii 
forhy ihe third iinicle of the Treaty of Pence between Nnples and Franee. eoueliided on 
Uip 10th of October following, the King of Niiples eugnged hiin>tclf to " ohscrre iLe 
roost Hlrjei iioiitndily lowni-ds all the lielligci-eui I'owers : in conMeijnenci", Ine 
pl<>df;rit hiin<iolf to preyciit, iiidiscrimiuntely, »coe*"i to hi« Ports of all iinne<l Ship* 
of WILT briotigiug to the «uid Powers which shall exceed foiir, aceordiug In the reorti- 
Intioitt lu-Vnowlcdged by the siiid ueiilraliiy ; nuJ nil stores or luerchAudiso kuonn 
\ij the luunc of ' eoulmbiuid of w«ur ' .*iiaU b<- refused them." 




[Autogrnpb, in Uic MiulQ Pajiers.] 

Lfghom Ronds, August -liL, HlHi. 

l>ear Sir, 

he Admiral has sent orders for the Pctcrcl to proceed to 

Adriatic If he has sailed, pray 5cnd something after him, 

so soon as he has dropjKid tlic Convoy at Naples, he will 

leed on his voyage. Lieutenant Walker, I hear from 

ijrtnin Dixon, did not make the best of his vk'ay off Bastia, 

chased and took possession of a Danish brig from Amster- 

If so, I shall most probably trj-^ him by a Court Martial; 

id the L'Eclair means to lay in her claim. 

Ever your most obliged, 

Horatio Nelson. 

> Emlleoojr iLe Vice- Rot. 


[AutogrnpL, iu Uie MinlQ PBperj,] 

C'oiitiuJi, liCgliorn lionds, An^si 9(li, 171)0. 
My dear Sir, 
If you can send Speedy instantly to me, she is most useful ; 
nol, I submit, and will guard Leghorn as long as I can. I 
»ve directed Captain Elphiustone to obey your desires. I 
wrote to the Neapolitan Consul, and I sincerely rejoice 
my letter was, as far as I was able, very similar to yours. 
Ever yours most faithfully, 

IIoKATio Nelson. 

[Aalognpli, in the Miuto rii{i«re.] 

Cnptaiji, Lfgboru Hvwh*, August 6tb, I7DC. 
My dear Sir, 

Leghorn is, from all accounts last night, in such a state, that 

I itxpcctablc force landed, would, I have every reason to sup- 

e, insure the immediate possession of the Town. I know 

By things must be considered. Not less than 1000 troops 

Limi& [1^ 

Ma^ to vMck I mtSL add every soldier in my i 
» fmxj of •oBm to Bwkc a show. In ereiy^ 
B ptiiafe^CBd exoofle my opinions. t\ 
tff fivttiag ■ proper person to cc 
tT» FvHBcaGy and that tlie people of Leghorn 
m ftmamtamatmSa^ viH most assurctlly have a | 
A canftil e»«yaatiaa «iUi me (for, vanity apart,j 
fe mmA fesRd or respected in Leghorn as inyseli 
A ds ciawti o n from your £xc 
vmI^ I MB ««Rw hM« tke knn*iwi efiect. 

I aai pxBSt fitf^cr: «e know the jealousy of the 
apiast ife Navy, baft I aai by tbe King's Con ii 

Coloael m tW Anwr* ktm Jane 1st, 1795. I 
sack » m«k as Dmbcsb, he recerriog your directiooai 
coonk OB oat but asysetf; but I have most unforti 
a Ifafor, B0« 1 &acy LieoAenant-Colotiel 
bo«d» «bo oooU [aot] serve onder Miyor Duncan. 
knded as Colopel* of ooone I ahocdd command the 

aad I noBt oeitamfy sboald not call Mr. toi 

rffTFif«*» ; but I fcei alaust the impassibility of your 
dfaig ^is baainesBi althooi^ I am sure it would be for 
Msyesty^i serrioe ; and if my character is known, the ial 
fcgnhdosis of the tzoops iJionM rest by order under 
Major, Doksd; sod I shoold only interfere in the gresii 

I will, however it may hoxt the fcelings of Major i < 

him on board, with six soldias ; be shall tu'ver command^ 
coKyperatioii with me : therefore, do not let thin be on 
tion. You will consider. Sir, all these points, and form a ; 
better judgment than I can, only pve me credit that the n< 
wish of my heart is to serrc my King and Country, at ci 
personal risk and consideration. 

Believe me ever your Excellency's most fiuthful 

UoRATio Nei 

It has ever pleased God to prosper all my imd< 
and I feel confident of His blessing on this occaaioD. I 
couiuder my motto, Fides et Opera.'' 

' Rfing Colonri uf iLp Mtrinos. 

' It dMw ooi ajrpcv Uut Nebon lued way Armorul EDngM oaiU Alter 
mtda • Kaigbt of Uu Bub, in Blay, 1T07, vUea Anns mn tmigati to Um, 




.B. INrcntj-four hours will du the busineeii. Send an 

. Excrik-nc* Uie Vice-Roy. 

[From CUrke uid M'ArtLur, vol. i. p. 30(1.] 

Leghnni Rooil.i, ^tli August, 170U. 

Dear Sir, 

I write loo mucb, say so, and I will hold my pen ; for 

tlf, I feel a comfort in knowing everything on which each 

cl of my Squadron is employed ; and as but few of my 

require answers, I hope you do not think it gives you 

much trouble to read them, occupied as I know you are 

greater concerns. I would not stop the Comet one 

It, as I was anxious she should 6nd Petercl at Bastia. 

I to stores, slie is just come from Ajaccio, but was absolutely 

those supplies which she stood in need of. If a Ship 

into an arsenal, she not only ought to have her damages 

good, but her wants should also be supplied according 

f-the discretion of the proper officers : the Petercl was sent 

ncfiiliy away, and Mr. James' was treated, from his ac- 

It, with a most unwarrantable incivility. Do these Naval 

riitan?, of all descriptions, mean to separate themselves 

our authorily ? If they be not punishable by Martial 

other piinishments, although more slow, will, I trust, 

ly &11 upon them. I mean not this as a public com- 

for I would not have every Captain take what stores 

i pleases ; but, at the same time, the fair wants of a Vessel, 

ever is the rank of her Commander, ought to be supplied, 

the Officer treated with civility. You wcH know. Sir, 

to do, to settle both sides of the question, therefore I 

say no more ; the Petercl's sails are rags, and none have 

sn supplied her. 

1 know, dear Sir, the Vice-Roy's worth and wisdom, and 

•b%w]ti«il p&ge, ) and he xlien tiioivted Uie Motlo mentioned In Utc iibo\« iottrr. 
I tb«t timr he g^nernlly ii^ed a soal with the eipher " A. N.," which proUbly 
In lii» «Uter, " poor Ann NeUoii ;" or • Inrgv seij with tJie bead of Nep- 
I enfrtwd on It. 

• CflnuoaLder of Uie Feterrl. 




yoa will, as he does, give me credit for having only one pol 
in view, lo serve my Ring and Country faithfully ; and 
both you and he have the same consideration, I shall nol, 
far as my abilities will allow mc, think vcrj' differently 
either. You are ever adding, Sir, to my obligations, 
can only endeavour to repay you by the way most agi 
to yourself, a most asHiduous attention to my duty. 

I have given permis$>ion to some Neapolitan vessels to 
the Mole for Naples, but without cargoes. The worth 
good faith of the King of Naples demand of us cvcrj'thing 
can grant ; and it was a real pleasure for rac to find, the 
after 1 had granted the permission, that the Vice-Roy 
written a vorj' similar letter to the Marquis de Silva. I 
also permitted, by desire of Mr. North, some gootls to 
and the American tribute to the Dcy of Algici-s, A Vcnelii 
vessel is to come here, and load under my guns. The l)e}'» 
Lord of the Bedchamber, or some such great man, has been oo 
board my Ship : he was highly pleased with my entertainment 
of him, and declared he would supply us with bullocks of 
600 lbs. each, for ten Spanish dollars ; he was never tired of 
looking about him. 

I must relate an anecdote : I asked him why he would not 
make peace with the Genoese and Neapolitans, for they would 
pay the Dey ? His answer was, * If we make peace with 
every one, what is the Dey to do with his Ships?' What* 
reason for carrying on a Naval war 1 but has our Minister • 
better one for the present? I have sent great news to Basils » 
but ( I wish the word was out of our language) I am not fiiH^ 
contented: we Iwat the Enemy on the 29th, .30th, 31st, |6*» 
and 2nd J and because I do not know whether we beat th&^^ 
on the .3rd, I am not satisfied ;^ such is human nature. Gill** 
arc sounding from the ramparts, and I am wicked enough f" 
wish thiit all these fellows' throats may be cut before nighu 

' After riUHiiig ilic <»|epe of MAiitTin on ilic 30tli of July. Bimunjiftrtf jtitiinl III* 
fttmy Hi Brt'seltia. The Krenoli linJ then reccntlv gninrd niauy i»d\iiniiigi'«i n\#r lW 
AllMtiinii^, imrlirtilnrly nl Lniimlo; liiit on tlir 51■^l, (Lc l-'rencli WfW driven OUI o/ »'• 
Aitil iHineii ill nil cngagruii'ui. On the l<il vt AiiKUKt, tlir Auslrimts virtx' rnuieO tX 
firpu'liiii, mill took reftiRr in the niouiitain-* of the TjroK On ihe ;(nl, M«rili«l 
Wtirniwr, who liiul wlvaiici'il |o iiw t«.<t>ii»tiuioc of tJit' otLcr divi-tioiis uf tlic .Viituitu 
atmy, m«8 defiraivd m Cutigliour. The AutiiriAUH were worsietl Nt (<ttvuril<i on iU 



AiignMt 1 Uh. 

relerday ihe French had llieir fete, but they seemed 
of a riot : by proclamation, all Tuscans ^verc ordered 
_ lin in their hoases, and every possible precaution taken. 
f^Trench say they have no orders from their Government 
T "STboni; therefore they 8hall remain. 

I an], &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

TO ... . 

[AntogTa|<h Drangkl in tlie Nel*ou Papers.] 

Cnptniu, L^gUom Rniu]!!. Aiiptst AiL, KOO. 

My Lord, 

[From the total deprivation of trade in Leghorn, more than 

people are thrown out of employment, and I believe it 

Iwithin compass when we include the whole canal trade 

[every part of Italy. Hundreds have been on boaitl in small 

to beg bread. All agree they have repeatedly repre- 

fttcd to the Grand Duke the miserable state to which they 

reduced, and the answer they have repeatedly received, 

I to beg of them to remain quiet. All this, your Lordship 

t probably from our Minister ; but the lower Order 

; 11 aasure me, that they can nor will any longer be 

toif by promises; tliat the French shall quit Leghorn, and 

they are detern»ined to rise on them if they are not out of 

(Town on the 15th August, and that they shall not celebrate 

fi?te of August 10th. I do not fail to give every en- 

?mcnt to these good dispositions, and assurances of my 

' nsdstiince in case the French do not go off. The plans 

luid, but it would be wr^ng to put them on paper in this 

^certain state of the safety of posts. The French here arc 

Dwn complaistmt; the inhabitants, of course, very insolent : 

tell them, * You shall go by the loth.' The soldiers 

night desert by ten and twenty. The other night, an 

Ml the Mi, Ituoniipano gninetl n droUivi* virlury over Wummcr n»Kt 

Sti<-b in the cnnJiMiMfil niirnilivc iu llii' Jiiitunl Ket/iiicr, Vul. xrxAiii. jip. 

-lot ; lint C'ol<jncl 'jfiilittiirs Hciiortu of lli<? iirwcwliiigH »f llic jNustruiii Mniy 

llU licwl qil«rtr<r«, luililitlii^il iu the *' Loudmi GtizelU*" ut llif 'i'ih ut AugilRt. 

$t siv* ■ mtuli more favourttlfic account of tlio<>c Actioiiii. 


Officer Kttd twenty cavalry went oft We will not 
Mantua to be killed, is their common laik. 

I am not sanguine witliotit good reason, but I hare 
present not the smallest doubt but by the 1 Gth, Leghnrn wil 
be free. The English property has been repeatedly put 
for sale, but no one will purchase ; therefore, except 
which is plundered, all is safe; and the French 
themselves of Leghorn has been of the greatest dct 
themselves, and not the smallest to us. Our Fleet wants 
nothiDg. Naples and Genoa supply us to the utmost of ( 
wishes, while France is efiFectually cut off from those 
supplies of stores of all kinds, and com, which she 
receive from Leghorn. Tartans, with furnaces and Be 
cannon, and fire-vessels, are prepared for my destruction ; bu 
I feel so well guarded against all attempts, that 1 shall not mov 
from my anchorage. Not a Vessel, large or small, h.-w 
or entered the Port since the day the French entered- 
I have the honour to be, &c. 

Horatio Neuok. 

[Antogri^L, in tbe Minto Piip«n.] 

Cnptidn, Leghorn Ro«d*, Angnil HhIi, I'M. 

My dear Sir, 
So true it is that to men who have only the good of thi 
King and Country at heart, the same ideas mu£t strike thcm^ 
I feel the highest degree of pleasure from your letter. If you 
think it right to communicate to the General" that you have 
opened your mind to me, pray assure him there is nothing 
I feel greater pleasure in than hearing he is to command. 
Assure him of my most sincere wishes for his speedy success, 
and that ho shall have every support and assistance from me. 
Guns we may land, but our stock of shot b very small. We 
may be sure of all the country people being our friends. I 
send you great news, and have no doubt but the battle of tba 

• Lii!tit«nftnt GpRFrml Inljti Tlitiinii!! dc Uurifli, Cntntnauilrr of the Force's 

Cor»Ie>ri: Le miccnrdFd lu UilrtDeiiili Knrl of ClMirioanln, in Hrcpmb«T, 1707 

dying in JiJy, |hos «... ».i.. (,.,! in liis bonoiun by Uia »on, Uie prM«ttt UH^ula 

of Clnnriconle. 

ifcr i 




! wafl &Tourable to our friends. L' Eclair is gone to Genoa 

more news, which I shall instantly send you. I do not 

" 1y ten minutes, bo anxious am I ihat you should 

access. You will be so good as to send to the 

lira! when opportunity oflFers, for I do not keep Speedy 

I write more than this line. 

Ever believe me your most faithful 

UoRATio Nelson. 
Not A word will escape me. 

Qb ExceUcncy iIm Vicellojr. 

[Aatofrnpli, in the Minto Papers.] 

Captain, Leghorn Boads, August 1 lib, 10 P.M. 

My dear Sir, 

Major Logan is just come on board, and I have had a long 

Dfersation with him, as you wished, and I believe the Major 

1 the attempt in the same favourable point of view in which 

I have satisfied Major L. that there is no danger in 

attempt — that the troops can be landed and embarked 

ithout danger, even should a superior force come against 

em, a thing not very likely to happen. Being on shore, 

ere can be no doubt but that nearly every Tuscan is friendly 

OS. The Grand Duke, to keep the Venetians quiet, has 

"plojed them, at three pauls a day, to clear the Pisa canal, 

they are at work under my guns. More, perhaps, is to 

done by conciliatory measures, than open force (not 

U I mean force is not to be used ; I am sure it must, but 

K I will come to hereafter). What is our object ? To dis- 

the French of Leghorn ; not to keep it I suppkose, but 

the Leghomese from a foreign garrison. This is the 


li' your Excellency declares that our object is only to 

tore Leghorn to its legal Government, and that, so soon as 

It is done, that the English troops shall leave the garrison, 

offer, at the same time, honourable terms to the French, 

icb the General can meliorate, or the contrary, as things 

,) this must make even our cncroica in Leghorn wish tho 

know I'fMielimeii i%kl, be vil 

rnii Miy uuiriAn, kbot, fire, &c &c — m 

(inuti^lk lo make a letter. Ob tbe 

iiC our iiiU'titicms mnat Micagib 

iimktt it mIncj I he inUrretl of tbe fiieads of &e Fn 

l4i r|uit l.c^li'/rn. It would be UBpcninBBt ii 
nn yiiiir ^utxliwM tu My ft wofd abooi tbe 
Inr, M(r< A fi'W ((>>'>* '"^y 1^ iif f< Wii j I 
nnci >tK-|M)uiii]rrfi; the Diiulctn, 18 and 24-poa 

imiil ivvo .'t2-|Hiiiii(lcr»un(l 1 000 shot, tbe nmeef 
Aiid iwu kiimm; DirultMii, two 18-pounden mod 
(wii 'l'i-i>(iMiulrrH, \()(iO nhot', fuur IS-poaoden 
HuiiM'lliiii^ iiMiMl Ik* IcA to chance. Our onl j < 
1« tho honour uiid hcnciil to our Country woftb 
ll Im (aitil I lliiiik HO), in God'8 name let us get 
hiipii Col' lilft hlriwin^ on onr endeavours to libej 
who liuvu hrdti our Hinccrc fricndfl. 

Ever, my dear Sir, 
Your ICxcclloucy's most obedient 


ThU In wrote, ax Major Logan will tell you, it 
thrrttfovr y«m muKt take my ideiia as they flowj 
ihrni, 1 hiivr no copy, and will not keep the 

ri In I III t< d(\yi let lue have iu 

r. 37.] 



>ted the measure. We are impatient for the battle uf 

1 3rd- There are reports at Florence that the Austriuns are 

; but no account of this bail been published by the 

at Leghorn on the 14th. All the heavy stores are 

ing here and at St. I'lorenzo, and twenty-four hours, 

I the oppc»rtunity offers, will be sufficient. I hope we 

11 have settled Leghorn before the Dons, if they intend it, 

I have still my doubts as to a Spanbb war; and if 

'lid be one, with your management I have no fears. 

t is ill-manned and worse Ofticered, 1 believe; and 

ihey arc slow. Lord Bute's letter paves the way very clearly 

jour line of acting: Ministers seldom commit themselves 

an opinion. Should the Dons come, 1 shall then hope I 

ay be spared, in tny own person, to help to make you at 

B Viscount. 

'AppucnUy in coDtiiiiiation.j 

Aapiisl IT ill, Ba.Miu. 

It is possible that the Spanish frigate buimd to Civitu 
Jncch'u may be intended to carry money from his Holiness, 
iih the famous Ajiollo, &c. &c., for the French. It is allowable 
> seize the pro|)crty of Enemies, even on board Neutral .Ships 
rWar. JVIr. North tells me, that in the late war two or three 
lish Ships of War were seized by the Spaniards, currying 
res to Gibraltar; and, on the remonstrance of the Danish 
linjsier at Madrid, the answer he received was, that it was 
Not Men of War which were stopped, but Vessels which had 
"^ade themselves Merchantmen for the time. This hint may 
l» useful : the times ore critical. 

I am, &c. 

HottATio Nemon. 

[Aatognvb, iii t1»e Nebon Pupm.] 
Ck|itaiii, bctvecD Btmiin awl L^jtliora, AngnM IRUi, 1*00. 
fy dear Brother, 
I always have very great pleasure in receiving a letter from 
►on, and I have only to beg that you will write more fre- 
quently. 1 laugh at your fancying my being able to buy, at 
fast, Ttifts ; and don't you be uneasy when 1 assure you that 
vol,, rr. K 

if I have saved my Ship-pay, the Marine I throw in, I tbiU 
be content ; but 1 verily believe that will not be the case- It 
is true I have taken numbers of prizes, but I have always 
ghared with ray Squadron, none of whom have I ever received 
sixpence from ; or, had so many Vessels in sight, that they 
run away with the greater parL I believe had I trusted to 
my own good fortime and enterprising spirit, I might hB;Te 
been able to think of Tofts ; but that gives me not a moment's 
concern. Happy, happy shall I be to return to a little but 
neat cottage ! 

I may tell you as a secret, that probably the next letter you 
see from me will be in the Public Gazette. An expedition* 
is thought of, and of course I shall be there, for most of 
these services fall to my lot I have just been Rrraaging 
shot, shells, &c. &c., for to give our Enemies. As to re- 
wards, I expect none. I shall not, perhaps, return till a 
peace, when our services are forgot I am not surprised that 
the Linen draper should sell his estate. Almost every one 
lives beyond his income, and attempts to imitate his neigh- 
bour who is richer. However, now, I am a real Commodore 
having a Captain under me,' I shall share for all prizes, who- 
ever is the taker. A Spanish galleon taken now in this 
Country will be a capital stroke, but I can hardly bring my- 
self to believe they will venture on a war. K they do, wc 
must give up Corsica, and that is all Our Fleets \\\\\ cover 
every sea but the Mediterranean. The Dons will expect it 
at homo and abroad. America will readily join against them, 
and they will lose Mexico and Peru. America will find 
soldiers and privateers, and we must fund Ships-of-war. I 
have my eye on a Spaniard who is gone, I fancy, to the 
mouth of the Tiber, to bring away the tribute of the Pope for 
the French. I hope to catch her on her return, if she ha^ 
really their busts and money on board. 

I rejoice to hear Aunt Mary is so well recovered. Tell bef 

* Agttinxt Leglioni. 

• Ho was nppniutpi) a ^^ll f'ommodore, litving Caplain Bulpb Willcli MillB • 
Ui CaptBin, on ihe llih of Augim, ihree d*v« Itefore tlip daw nf iIh'h letter. B 
■iqieaTB from Uie "Order nf R«HIp" of llic I'Jtli nf Aiifnwt, \'i'M\, tli«l Ciqittln 
CbvlM Stnurt wn» his Cuploui until Captaju Miller jniued. — Oriijimtl iu Uie Nel- 


[hope yet to take her by the hand before the year comes 
nd. Tell me ali the Norfolk news that is interesting. Uow 
our friends at Swaffham? Does Mr. Rolfe live at (I 
jt the name) Sahara. I shall keep this letter open 
I get to Leghorn, which 1 keep very warm with my 
kade, and hope to be able to tell yon good news. I 
ak my nephew* for his letter, and if he works as hard in 
Church as I have done on the sea, he may become a 

Angufit lihh. 
am sorry to tell you the Austrians have had a check in 
ombardy, bj fancying themselves too jxjwerful. It disap- 
Bints ray hopes for the present Remember me most kindly 
' Mrs. Nelson and Aunt Mary, Jliss Charlotte, Horace, our 
ends at SwaflPhain, and everywhere else. Perhaps you may 
meet Maurice SuckUng : he will now marry Miss Framing- 
Imni. lie may be odd, but I believe none will do more 
real good with the estate when he comes to it, which I hope 
he will.* Josiah thanks you all for your inquiries : he is not 
js least altered. 

Ever, your most affectionate brother, 

IIoBATio Nelson. 


[Autograph, in ihe Minto Papers.] 

Captain, ol Sea. August 18Ui. 17(10. 
3Iy dear Sir, 

Our news is not very good, but it is best to know the worst, 
m have probably (ho means of knowing what is going on at 
^hom ; as to any rendezvous at Monte (jhristo, I have no 
Idea of that place, or that 4000 men can be embarked in 
ktn. I shall send a Ship to Genoa, almost directly, for 
I hope it will be better. 

Ever yours most faithful, 

Horatio Nelson. 

> Hit RsmUmcj the Vice-Roy. 

[Horatio, only «oii of i\\f Rvv. William NeUnu, who waa llieu bnt seven yront 
Tol. i. p, 108. Li<>at(!nant Maurice Snekllng ili4 marry Uiat ludv. 





[Autograph, ill Uic Miuto PaL|i«n>.] 

Cuptoin, ofrBasliii, An^nsi I^tb, ITiHI. 

My dear Sir, 
Seeing your Excellency's boat coining on board, I beg Icwe 
lo suggest that one of your privateers should look at Ciriii 
Vccchia and the mouth of the Tiber, to see if the N 
frigate is there, and lo endeavour to find out if she is i.^.i.g 
the rlchcB of Rome on board: if she is, I shall seriously think 
of getting hold of her, but I believe I shall get the Admiral'* 
opinion before she sails. 

Ever your most faithful, 

Horatio Nblsok, 

!{)■ Excellency the Viae -Boy. 

[AntngrapL, in Uie Nelson Pnp^n.] 

Caiiimu, Angn«t lOUi, 1700, 

My dear Father, 

Your most affectionate letter of July 4ih gave me infinite 
pleasure, and I assure you that no small part of the satisfactioit 
I feel in doing my duty, is knowing the pleasure it will give 
you and my dear wife. As to the rewards, I think it verj' 
possible those who arc on the spot will get them, whilst wo 
who fag at a distance are forgot. The last scr\'ice is always 
the best, for it is natural. This gentleman had a Victory two 
years ago, the fruits of which we enjoyed, and jjerhajw have 
lost again. The other is on the spot to receive his reward 
before the newer object presents itself. But all cannot be 
employed near home, and half the rewards are useleSvC. God 
forbid I shoidd ever lose myself so much as to be Knighted. 
Fame says we are to have a Spanish war in this Country. 
The only consequence it can be to us may be the neccssarj* 
evacuation of Corsica, and that om' Fleet will draw down the 
Mediterranean. The Dons will suffer in every way for their 
folly, if they arc really so fool-hardy as to go to war to [ileose 
the French. 

I am now nn estnbli.shcd Commodore, having a C.'aptain 




linted to the Sliip ; therefore my professional rise Is regular 

bonoumble. My brother WUIiam thinks I have been 

nng a fortuDC, but I have assured him of the contrary. I 

to hear Aunt Mai-y is so well recovered, and as all 

[world will make j>eacc, I cannot be very long before my 

il in Knpland, and shall rejoice to have a neat cottage. 

not surprised at the selling of estates: each man imitates 

cber neighbour. As to our news here, the Austriaus do 

tseem victorious anywhere, and the consequence is, the 

»ch force friends where they arc superior. Corsica is 

tcnfrd and will probably fall, for the French have a very 

ag party in the Island. This is not strange. All their 

nexions are with the French. Great numbers of Corsican 

arc in high stations in their Army, which cannot be 

lose with ours 


UJ9 asks aflcr you. He must take his chance as I have 

before him. Last year, from various causes, I missed the 

tuaiiy of sending something to the poor. I send it in 

this year, and at the proper time you will dispose of it. 

I to .\unt Mary, I wish to send some litllc thing she may 

Hi. Maurice sent her wine some time back, and the credit 


[From Clarke nod M'ATtlmr, vol. j. p. .300.] 


lOih AtignsJ, irOfl. 

In the present situation of aftairs I will not let sli]i an op* 
tunily of writing to your Royal Highness. The check 
wliicL the Anstrians have met with in Italy on the 3rd, 4th, 
15th, must give another unfavourable turn to the affairs of 
f Allies, The French have made the most of it, and they 
no doubt masters of the field of battle. I wish to say 
than I dare to trust to the post, of the object of an cx- 
filiua that was to have taken place the moment Wurmser 
victorious in which I was to have been a principal 

actor. — Our affairs in Corsica arc gloomy ; there is a ve 
strong Republican party in tliat Island, and they 
well supported from France; tlie first favourable moment, the] 
will certainly act against us. Tbe French are endcavoarinj 
to get over from the continent twenty and thirty men at ; 
time, and they will accomplish it in spite of all we can 
Gentili, a Corsicnn, who commanded in Bastia when we tool 
it, is arrived at Leghorn, to command in Corsica. Twent 
field pieces have been sent from herc» and arc landed ne 

As to our Fleet, under such a Commander-in-Chief as I 
John Jervis, nobody has any fears, . . . We are now twenty- 
two Sail of the Line, the combined Fleet will not be above! 
tljiriy-fivc Sail of the Line, supposing the Dons detach to the 
West Indies. I will venture my Ufc Sir John Jervis defeats I 
tliem ; I do not mean by a regular battle, but by the slcill of j 
our Admiral, and the activity and spirit of our Officers and [ 
seamen. This Country is the most favoiu^ble possible fori 
slcill with an inferior Fleet ; for the winds are so variablcf thai [ 
some one time in twenty-foiu* hours you must be able to at- 
tack a part of a large Fleet, and the other will be becalmed, i 
or have a contrary wind, therefore I hope Government will 
not be alarmed for our safety — ^I mean more than is proper. 
I take for granted they will send us reinforcements as soonasj 
possible, but there is nothing we are not able to accoiu]>lish 1 
under Sir John Jervis. I am stationed, as you know, W 
blockade Leghorn; and now Corsica may prevent my ff>a>g\ 
to the Fleet, which I feel very much, but all cannot be as vfe 1 
wish. I assure your Royal Highness that no small pari of j 
my pleasure in the acknowledgment of my services, has ariscO j 
from the conviction that I am one of thossc of whom 
your early youth you have been pleased to have a, 
opinion ; and I have to beg that your Royal Uighnesa 
ever believe me your most faithfiil, 

Horatio Nelson.* 

' Hi* Roy «1 Highness replied to llu» Ivller from Riclurioud on ikc •Sri of uoteb 
followiug : — 

" Dear Nelson, 

■• I received ymin of lOib Angujil, from Legbom Roads, ■ few days ngo, ud 
limiciili in cvminou iriik you and e\ny goi>d Mrisbn- of lu« country, llie oowti 




[Am Cluke and M'Anhnr, vol. i. p. 310, wlio state tbitt in tlie dnt put of this 

fc*rr, Cotnmodorc NcJsga msBored llie Swedish Consul that llio Coiununder-iu- 

.Mi^e<>(y'') Fleet Lu the Mcdit^mnean, wisliiiig to (dlannto llie colo- 

(lic French, by their i)0S!ie8&iug themsclToa of the Neutral port of Lcg- 

uathe Swedish Nation, Uad, in cousidcrationof the ne«r»ppro«iih 

I " Btldc Sea woDld be tiozen OTcr, authorized Liu to permit the 

■IfBni* of Swedi»h tcmcIs vithoat corgoca.] 

I '20th August, 1700. 

I You will therefore direct such Swedish vessels as may wish 
I to quit the port of I^ghom, to come out of the Mole, and 
,»ochor near mo, when I will furnish them with passports, to 
jprerent their being molested on their voyage. 

1 am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

the AaatrianB haTC suffered in Italy. It is a lumeutHijIe eircamstauce how 
iry boa attended Hit French in their different expeditions on the Continent. 
Archtlitlio, I hope, in Germany will exterminate these monBtenn ; in which com, 
yti trunt iLnly will Ito onco more tVerd from requisitions and devastation. 

U is a plenaont circamatauce to OTcry Gngliahman, and partiotihu-ly to profea- 
Dna] msti, to ace the Navy of this Country ride trioinphaUl Lu ull qitaruirn of the 
>be ; SjUI, dear Nelson, I uever wish to bear of twenty-two British Soil ot the 
tor being oppoaed to ihirty-flve of the Enemy, though a Combined Fleet. I venerate 
nuein Jenia'a abilities as high aa oay man, and I am well acquainted with tba 
Inpidliy and valour of the Paiglish sailor, and the knowledge uud experience of 
oAcen ; and, oa a seaman myael^ I can eiwily understand the advantages to 
ukn from variable winds and eilnu. However, the risk, believe me, becweea 
'h norqual foree, is too great. 

' Yon very properly shew your discretion by your cantion ; and, therefore, yon will 

lilanland miue U I do not by letter enter into the fiitnrc destination of your Fleet, 

of the iutentions of our Government towards the Mediterranean. A Spanish 

1* ine^ilablc, and I look forward with on anxioua eye to tlie conquests which 

Nary wjU make ; and rvnder themselves if possible more the terror and the 

of the world. 

Ttry K'naibly the flattering egressions you use in your letter to me, relative 
bdng vo many year4 my acquaintance. 1 loved and esteemed you from iha 
g OS an ornament to tlje ^errice, and must ever regard you an such. The 
« muHt rome when we shall be where both my birth and my experience in the 
onght to place in(>~>I mean when I am entrusted with the necutive manage* 
the Admiralty, it then will be both my duty and my inclination to sem 
iiig — amongst whom you wiU stand ever one of the ioremoat For liu 
t, adieu, aud ever beUevc me to be, Dear Nelion, your moat affcotiouole 
id, yfuiuM."— Original in the Nelson Popen. 




[Aulogrnpli, in rht MJiUo Tajpen/ 

C«)rt«iii4 Lcgiioia Bm4s, Ai^ut JtM. \t 
My dear Sir, 
1 send you all my letters which you will be so good i 
fonvHfd to Sir John Jer%'is when read ; nothing new ut '. 
horn ; the same paper is stuck up at Leghorn as nt 
places, it is extraordinary they should have been so 
writing this famous victory — half, I hope, is not true. 
IIcatly» the great victualler, writes nie that the supply hea 
now procuring, will Im> the first and last, for the port of Genol 
will be shut. If this should l>c the case, I really t! 
ought, in the moment they shut their Port, to seize tht 
of Capraja. Wc shall find stores, arms, &c., for the use 
Corsicau expedition, for by Mr. Drake's account, and 
more probable than ^foutc Christo, that Island is now tol 
the road to Corsica. I have sent the Blanche to Genoa, bnl 
my numbers are so small, that I may not always be able ic 
convey my news to your Excellency the moment I receive it 
1 expect her by the 23rd, for she is not to enter the Port] i 
one of your Hired-vessels could be here by that time,, 
occasionally call on mc at other times, you will get 
from Genoa very quickly. 

Ever your Excellency's 

Most obedient servant, 

Horatio Nbi 

llis KxcellDUry Uiir Vi« Boj. 


[Fran Clarke Mid M'ArUiiir. Tol.i.F.31Q.] 

Legborn BoofU, Aiigast 20tli, 11 

We arc anxious indeed to receive news. All our expectt 
hopes are blasted, 1 fear, for the present, by Wurmser's feelir 
loo sure. Austria, I suppose, must make peace, and x 
lall, as usual, be left to fight it out : however, at the won 
'^we only give up Corsica, an acrjuisilion which I believe v 
cainiot keep, aud our Fleet will draw down the Modite 
ranean. The Dons will pay most severely, if they arc foo 



5U to involve themselves in a war. The way lo Coi'sica 
19 to be thruiigh the Island of Capraja. Should Genoa shut 
Port against us, I shall presume to advise llic Viceroy iii- 
mly lo seize Capraja, where he will find all the arms, &c. 
I Corsica, and probably French troops. I send you a loiter 
Mr. Drake, not very favoiu^able for a successful campaign. 

[AjipATeutly in ContinnAtion.] 

Aiignsl 'i^iuil. 

rOn Thursday last, 1225 French left Leghorn with General 

ubois, and almost all the Officers ; the French Major de 

commands the remainder, which is not more than eight 

^nine hundred men, that is the utmost. Seventy or eighty 

ars are gone with the Army, to manage, as they say, some 

[•bottomed Boats that are prepai'cd for crossing the inunda- 

aboul Mantua, which place they are determined to 

Another very extraordinary tiling has taken place 

all the cannon that had been mounted on the works, 

cpl on the Mole, has l)ccn dismounted, and put into the same 

whence it was taken. What docs this mean ? an eva- 

tioti, I should rather think ; yes, and that they ore ordered 

[replace things as they found ihcni. jVlr. Wyndhnm, my 

say, is gone to Rome, and thence to the King of 

BS,* to endeavour to induce his Majesty to recommence 

»s. Lively is sent to examine the coast to the south- 

»to see if any number of boats arc collected to carry over 

to Corsica. Lord Garties is active, and I feel a real 

sure in having him with me, I only hope for an oppor- 

Kly of giving him some real scr\'iee. 
Auguftt ^;inl. 
again hope that the defeat of the French is at hand, they 
tVc surrounded at Verona. The Austrians on the loth got a 
jlforceincnt of 20,000 men. Buonaparte is reported to have 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

41 Atini»licc bctwerii Nojilcs tuid I'lniicc biul brcti mgncd mi Uie .'iiJi urjiiiir, 
I uoiil tlie TiriUv of I'cacci conoludvd ou (Lc lOiii of November fuUuwiiig. 




[From Clnrke aud MArUitur, vol. i. p. 311.] 

Leghorn BomIs, 'iiDd. Auguit, I' 

Your Excellency, from the great length of time you 
been at Leghorn, well knows that it is the pride of the 
to relieve and alleviate the misfortunes even of their enemies. 
Much more, then, would it be a i)leasure to England to asiiat 
the Tuscans in their distress, from the breach of faith of the 
French, and their most extraordinary conduct towards a Neu- 
tral State. I therefore had given passports to every fisherman 

to go out as usual with their tartans; and it is with n=^* ^'- 

ment I find that these poor fishermen, who are oM _ 
come on board my Sovereign's Ship to obtain that pcrmissioUt 
which not only maintains a number of poor Tuscau fiimilic^ 
but also supplies the Town of Leghorn with fish, are by your 
Excellency, as President of the Health-office, subjected to A 
quarantine of ten days, although I have given my word of 
honour, which until now was never doubted, that I am with 
my Squadron in libera practica. 

I must desire. Sir, that you will represent my liberal 
conduct, contrasted with yours, to his Royal Highness, youf 
Sovereign. You must have noticed my long forbearance, in 
not having repelled the firing of the batteries against his 
Britannic Majesty's Ships; you must have known that it has 
been humanity, and not want of power, towards a Town and 
its innocent inhabitants belonging to your Sovereign, whose 
situation I have pitied : but now, as the Enemy have wilih 
drawn such numbers of their troops, and the Tuscan soldiers 
being so superior to the French, I beg leave to acquaint you, 
that if in future one shot is fired at his Britaanic Majesty's 
Ships, I shall chastise the battery ; and whatever damage miy 
happen to the Town, your Sovereign and the inhabitants of 
Leghorn must lay the entire blame on his Excellency Jaques 
de Lavelette, and not on your Excellency's most obedient 

Horatio Nelbok. 



Acliun uf the 3rd niid 4lh ; aud they arc ail inveterate agalM 

Mr. Villettcs, who is certainly in the French interest, Yw 

will form an opinion what is proper to Ijc done. Nearly all 

the Light-horse are gone off this morning. The U»gua 

boat tells me lliat a courier arrived yesterday, which says that 

the French are snrronndcd in Verona, that the Austrians 

got all iheir Army united, and kept the French in. It 

said last night that Gentili was arrived at Leghorn, bat 

does not know if it actually was so. Iliig is the time to «' 

our blow ; and even if wc could not succeed, of which I 

not the smallest doubt, what an Army the French must 

to dislodge us from the water-side ! 1 he Danes say there 

reports that the French, on the 20th, lost 9000 men 

Verona. All agree the Austriana received a great reuiforce- 

mcnt on the 1.5th: they report 20,000 men, I hope Blanche 

will arrive for me to send 3'ou Genoa news, but L'Edair 

must go. 

Ever believe me, dear Sir, 

Your Excellency's most faithful servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 
llis Excellency lUe Vlce»Roj. 

May I beg my private lettei"s may go, when opportunity 
offers, for England — by post, I mean. 


[From Clarki! and M'.\rt1iur, vol. i- j». ;JIJ. lu Uiis Idler Uc infonnrd Wi*. 
Nelsnii (bai n.<< sonn n.s afliiirs irprc Mrillcd with tlie Gmuil Dulw, Le sLould iw}r liif 
HoliliOHh llie I'oji« A visit, and lie luldei] — J 

Lcghoni Roods, Augi(>kt 2^1rd, ITt)6. 
I do not think that lie will oppose the thunder of the Vatican 
against my thunder ; and you will, I dare say, hear that I am 
at Rome in my barge. If I succeed, I am determined to wvt 
up the Tiber, and into Home. 

Yours, &c. 

Horatio Nelsow. 



TO Till: lUGirr iiox. sir gilbedt eluot, 

VtfMa, LcglMni Baiit. As^nsi irwk iT'Hi. 
Mv dear Sir, 

hare the honour lo transmit vour Excellency a letter 

[the] RagiTsan Consul; my answer has been that I 

ininiediately send it to yon and Sir John Jervls, but 

: whatever indulgence is granted must be to Ships without 

All pro])er representation has been made to the 

ad Duke, and the answer they have received has been, 

are at liberty to quit the Port. If your Excellency b 

of opinion, that in the present situation of affairs, it will 

ituorc political in us to allow the departure of Vessels without 

to thoec Nations who ask it of us, I shall^ without 

for the answer of my Admiral, permit their departure. 

.kve the honour to |>erfectly agree with your Excellency's 

iitimeniii, that on all considerations it would be 

;c in us to allow of the departure, and that to the 

jtewor Order in Leghorn the desolation and misery which the 

['i*neh have brought on thcuj would be more apparent. 

I am, with the highest respect. 

Your Excellency's most obedient Servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

ftl« CtrelltucT the Vice -Boy. 

^*^y forwanl the enclosed to the Admiral; the Danbh 
''^a*!! has sent the same : he has fifteen Danes. 

r.\»Uogr*pli. in (\it Minto Papers.] 

C'*]iiiuii. I^kIio™ RiiaJs, August 3'ith, 170rt. 

My dear Sir, 

The Blanche is not yet arrived from Genoa, but I shall 

^ep the letters open till she does. Our Leghorn news l>e- 

ttRies every day interesting; you will see, even by the Go- 

•i-mor's letter, that a number of the French have quitted the 

^tact?,the remainder are in the three forts of Tort Nova, Maratu, 

ul the Old Fort ; they send certificates to the gates, but the 



forts are shat up every night. Gentillf whit a ni 

Corsicans, are here, and arc certainly intended to be 

to Bogniano ; they have sent some few from tovardf . 

bino ; these went first to ('apraja, from thence to the 

Ajaccio, from whence, two nights ago, came a French 

boat, with four or five Frenchmen, supposeil to be 

Whatever distress tliey may feel, yet Corsica aeeroa a 

object to them, more, perhaps, to keep us in hot water, 

with any real hope of conquest. Nor do these PrivateosJ 

to the southward aud through the Straits of Bonif 

do ihey go round by Cape Coree ; nothing has a chaae 

stopping these Boats but Vessels like themselves ; the 

way is to cut at the root, for whilst Leghorn is opeo, 

communication must always be going on. There hu \ 

tainly been a battle between the 12th and 20th, and m 

French have published nothing, we may hope it has 

favourable to us.* I am sure Leghorn would be no vcry< 

cult task: the inhabitants, to a certainty, would admit as 11 

the Town, when wc should soon master these torts. 

moment brings to my eyes a body of alx>ut 200 men, with] 

Corsican flag carrying before them ; they are partly 

Nice, and joined by Genoese, &c., on the road. The time ap 

proaches when we shall either have to fight them in Cot«i<^ 

or Leghorn. I believe they are by far less dangerous hep 

than iu Corsica. ^| 

Thursday night, — I have had my reporter off, an^^ 

Tunisian, with a leghorn merchant, to beg a Venetian Cm 

Tunis may be allowed to sail with her cargo. I send yot 

his letter, but I carmot think we can open the door fbi 

allowing any Nation to quit the Port with cai^oes. I ex 

plained to him the great difference respecting goods aoi 

money actually belonging to the Dey of Algiers, that we wer 

actuated by the love of justice, and that he must be sensibl 

that our blockade was the natural conaetjucnce of the Freacl 

taking Leghorn, and that it must be blockaded till the 

quitted it, when the Port would again be neutral ; but Isubmi 

to your Excellency the propriety of allowing this cargo, whid 

* Bnnnnpu-te iU-r«aicil MireliiU Wumucr in two EngnfremcnUii on Uic 1 1 
ISlh at AiiKual, 




may be English property, to sail firom this place. 

ihc Cnglish property is collected into proper warehouses 

ihe French say it will shortly be sold. This merchant 

it is believed there was a great battle on the 16th, 17th, 

IStii, and that the French army is now only 22,000 men, 

reireated to Lodi,* bnt nothing is published. All agree 

Gcntili and the Corsicans. The Lcghomese will, 

[tkey are sure of the French being beat, to a certainty join 

•Oil eoable us to get into the Town, when we could soon 

the ibrt& I am anxious for the Blanche. 

Aofrust 26th. — Last night came on board a letter from the 

lish Consul, requesting leave for the Ships of his Nation 

I quit the Porti in particular one which is loaded with con- 

ction timber for Carthagena ; this Ship, of all others, should 

pass roe. If I thought it would be a Spanish war, I 

get hold of her, but at present that would be going too 

lengths. The Blanche is in sight. Reports, by the man 

IliK night, that the French say more Corsicans are coming firom 

I Nice, to embark for Corsica, They all bring their wives and 

lAildrcn. As my letter is merely of news, pray forward it 

, [to] Sir John Jervis, with the enclosures. The Lively had 

two men killed and two wounded, the other day, by a shot 

Itnkisg her, yet I do not, unless forced, like to fire into Leg-j 

Ever believe me. 
Your Excellency's most faithful humble Servant, 

IIoBATio Nelson. 

Hh Ktwllcner iLc Vice- Roy. 

Now is the time for the Corsican privateers to act, but I 
iw they will not. 

[Aqtognfh, in the Minto Paper*.] 

CAitUin, off the Gorgona, AvgvM 27lb, 1790, 
ly dear Sir, 
on my way to the Fleet, it is a great object that the 
ifp nbould join, and as there is no Captain joined her, I 

* This report was imtrue. 




think it advisable to go in her mvsclf. If the Sp^uiiardit gn 
to war with us, which I own I cannot even yet bring nn-sclf 
to believe, I hope to be in lime to assist our worthy Admiral, 
and at all events I shall wish to talk a little with him. I 
wrote you so fully by the Goi^on, Leghorn news, mi 
Blanche has such packets of Genoa news, that there is littfe 
for me to say. I hear many of these Corsicans from Friuice 
are to be carried by Greek vessels from Genoa, Port Espcciu, 
Piombino, and, in short, the whole coast ; if each takes eight or 
ten, it is almost impossible we can stop any of them, but if 
they are sure of being taken care of when they land in 
Corsica, the part of the Kingdom where they are so concc;ile(l 
or assisted must l>c rotten at heart. Others say Monte Chrixto 
is the rendezvous ; this can be easily ascertained, as all the 
people from Leghorn believe there has been a battle between 
the 12th and 20th. Wby should we not hope it is so, for whv 
should I^eghorn have had so very large a j^art of its force 
taken away, if the French have entirely forced the AustrianB 
out of Italy ? 

I shall desire the Privateer to call on board the Livelyi 
who is in Leghorn Iloads, and commands the blockade 
till my return, to receive from Lord Garlics such news a:^ 
he may have picked up. I take for granted the Admiral 
will send me back in a Cutter, but I shall give him a goo(9 
ordered Scvcnty-fonr, and take my chance of helping lo^ 
thrash Don Langara,' than which few things, I assure you^ 
would give me more real pleasure. This will nearly be their^ 
force from Cadiz : Spanish, ten ; French, seven ; Carthagena, 
not more than seven ; Toulon, not more than eight or fen. 
Suppose them all united, thirty-two or thirty-four; our Fleet, 
twenty-two Sail of such Shijis as hardly ever before graced 
the Ocean, but I will sup[)ose it is to be a Spanish war — they 
know Man has joined. I do not think they will come up the 
Straits. Solano may be gone to the West Indies. Langara 
and Richcry, I really think they would do us more damage 
by getting off Cape Finistcrre : it is there I fear them. Oh, 
our Convoy, Admiral Man, how could you quit Gibraltar?' 

* AiliiiiriJ Ouu Jiiiiti tie Liuigiira, i.'utiinmiulcr-iu-Cluef of Uir S|»a]u^iU MeuL, 
' TlixoiiDiliirtof itonr'Adiuirnl Miiu, mi Offlrv^r of rfi>iit«tinu, excited ihc tKttrubli- 
IIC1U of ilie wLolc Vi/tj. In October 170^, be ww seut from Uie MrdttcrrkOfUi 

F»nr. a?.] 



[JuUd, however, is a man of political couruge, no lessneccs- 
than warlike — will certainly, in my bumble opinion, beat 
L., if he attempts to come this side San Sebastian's, 
llichery in company. Whatever the Don may say, we 
not trust. Believe me, dear Sir, 
Yoiu- Excellency's most obedient, faithful servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 
Pray forward my private letters. 

W» Ktrelkncy Uie Vice-Rov. 

Lord Garlies has the necessary directions about the light 

l\m lijr Ailiuiral ITotliiuu, witL siix Suil of llie lAixe miil a. Frignte, iii iiiirRiiii 

4( iiluural lti(-lier)''$ S<iuiulroii, and roiiiiinii'd tliMarlicd nutil tljp decliirmiiin iif 

^1 thih Spain, in Oetol»»r, lT!)n, when lie wus exprensly roiumaudiHl lo join 

Stf Jftlin Jen is, both by Uic A<iniiriU and tlio Admiralty. From iJie iufr- 

t'mtj of (be F-'.n^isli Meet lo ihnt of ihe Kneiny, his iirrirn] wiu) nnxionsly 

'tooted ; liiit insicuil of uboyiug liisk unlcrA, lie cruiscMl fiir n xliort time ulf 

^tft St. ViucfDt. and llieu ewtuidly proceeded witb Iiia Sfjuudron lu Kngliuid, 

*Wt lie WTiTifil on Uic IHUIi of December. Nelson's opinion of kin ounduot is 

•''»*ii liT his I^tlrw ; Mid ilic Conimiindor-in-Chief, writing to tbe Seoretiiry of llie 

■*<'*n»Jn, on the II lb of Novciubcr, *ftid— " 1 bme greirtly to Ituneut the meoAiirt: 

"*V-Aibuinil Mail lia^ taken, in pruceediug to cruise nlT Cape Si. Viiiet^nt wrilb ibe 

"ludmn unilei bu) ordcn, for a limiled lime, and then of rfpairiug to Spiiliead." 

^^ Ktfl Spencer, on tbe siime duy. Sir John Jer^-itt evprenned LimHelf in slili 

temw : — " Tbe oouduct of .\djniraJ Mim i» incompreUeusible : lie lU'know- 

lo bav6 reeetved roy ordem and Uic dnplicateA, and that be opened tbe 

. -fhfB wbicb directed my coutiiiuiuice in tbe Mediterruueiiti. I liiid token tbe 

''btn^of ruilioiiiutj'bim aguiiiHt coiuniliiug' with tbe CHplain>< iiudcr bis oniers, wlio 

^1 winipd lo ^vl to England ; and yet, by a pastiuige in bi<i public leiler, it itppeora 

|*im |je acted witb tlieircuuciirrenre." • • » " I innnot deburilie lo your l.ovd 

'luplke diaKppoiutmenI my ambition Olid iteAl Id «er>e my Ciiiiiiiry liiu Hiiflered by tbin 

Juinmion of my Force ; fur bod AJinimI !t(itn soili-d iVom (.iibroltar on tlie lOtb 

ubrr, tlir day be received my order*, and fulfilled iheiu, 1 Imvr every reaoon lo 

rlievB ib« Hpaniib Heet would lm\e been cut to pieocH." — Turkrr't Life uj' Eurl 

riHtr,,!, vol. i. pp. i:w. -ilO. 

Ci^iiiun (afterviortls Collingwood, writing from Gibraltar on t1ii» Sth of 

Decetnber, ob*erved — "Tbe i<paniHb F'leet, nearly double onr unmbers, were erm'sing 

laiMt in %ii'w, and otir recomioilring Frigates 8ometime« got-ajaongni tbem, 

WhQ* we exiMJCted lliem hourly to be joined by the French, who hud nlreiuly posscH- 

irn of the barhoiir Ju which wc Iny. But nn Man appenreil, and a-- the Knemy 

tgan lo aiiiioy im fruiii the slioiv, we hailed on tlie 'iiid of November. We arrived 

on tbe I (it iuKtanl, and judge of our snqnise to find that Adiuiial Miut and Ijin 

Minatlrtm hiul gone off to F.uglniid. lie ia well known to be a.^ brave a mnu us any 

tb« wuiid, and no one has more anxiety to da what U right. I am couQdent be 

VOL. n. 8 



[Aatogmpb, in Uie Mlnto Pspere.] 

Captain, Leghorn BoodB, September 3rd, 17 

My dear Sir, 
I left our good Admiral two days ago, all well, and 8end1 
Lord Garlics a letter from biin. Whatever fears wc may ( 
tertain for Corsica, it is ccrtaia Government at home 
none, by taking so very respectable a part of your force n 
I have only to say that you can propose no way in which I i 
be useful to you that I shall not most readily concur in, i 
have desired Lord Garlics to converse with your Excel 
how we can be most beneficially employed. The other i 
vice his Lordship is ordered upon, you will, if possible, I 
know, most readily assist him in. For Leghorn news, and| 
all others from this quarter, I beg leave to refer you lof 

Believe me with the most perfect respect. 

Your Excellency's most faithful, 
IIouATio NelsoK 

Hifl Excellency tlie Viee>Ro;. 

I send you a letter to read in which your expeditio 
Leghorn is glanced at ; please to forward it to the Adr 
May I beg the favour of my private letter for England. 

[From Clarke oud M'Artliur, vol. i. p. 313.] 

Leghorn Rood*, 3rd September, 11 

I arrived yesterday, and now send you two copies of lett 
from Mr. Wyudham. Lord Garlies goes over to Bastia djiy 

ftl'wayK meiuii the best ; but the thing in iiiromprfheniiible, and God knows b]ri^B 
•r(riinieut8 lie will justify it," — Corrrxpondtncf of Lord Ci'lliiiijwoi'd, vol. i. p. i^ 

When Bear Admiral Man UTired in England, the Admiralty wrote to biiii, iMi 
on thi" Jud of Jiuinar)', 171)7 — "That they cannot bttv fci'l thf greatest regn't tlm 
you 5h»iild htive been imliiccd to rttnrn to England with the Sqnwimii niider yov 
onlerx, under lb*- clrciuustances in which you were then pl«<*ed ;" and their Lord*lu(» 
kignificd ilieir displvwiure hy adding', that " ordt^rs will lie seal to you, 
It; this or to-tuorrow'» pOHi, to «irike yonr flag and come on afaore."- 
iienutirt o/ Earl St. I'lHCfnl, vol. i. p. 31»J. 

tluw b« cMAped a Coiut-morliiU is very snrpritiing. Adiuiml Man da 
apiie<ir eTer lo Imve been again employed ; and he died on Admiral of (be '. 
Rvptcnber, 1613. 




d^, to coDverse with the Vice«Roy, who, Captain Cock- 
nvD tells me, has apparently no fears for Corsica : his in- 
fonaation, I must suppose, is good, and that he knows of every 
■dditional scoundrel who sets fuot in the Island. You will 
tomment on the day when Mr. Wyndham says the treaty* was 
ligned — the very day Langara sailed from Cadiz ; but the 
ttddcn return, and all Mr. DuflTs' letters, give us a large field 
conversation, which may amuse your Vice> Admirals, and 
Irive away ennui, 
I have before told the Vice-Roy, how impossible it is 
r us to stop boats which row faster than our barges ; but 
that, whatever he proposes, I should most readily concur in 
for sending him every sisaistancc. I enclose an oflFicial 
inswcr from the Grand Duke to my letter, which I forgot 
lo show you. Some parts border a little on impertinence ; 
iwwGver, it has made us laugh ; and the King of England 
ciuuiot, although I hear he is one of the best masons in 
tis Dominions, stop shot-holes half so soon as I can make 
ibem. I yet hope for a good and glorious campaign by sea 
■nd land, and I wish that Mr. Wyndham's fears may be 
aliied, and that the Toulon Fleet may come out ; but 1 fear ' 
*t>ej will not. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

fFron a Copy in tho AdminJly.] 

Commodore Nelson is surprised and astonished to hear that 

>me bullocks, the actual property of his Britannic Majesty, 

ve been prevented from being embarked in the Port of 

enoa. This case is so new and extraordinary, that the Com- 

lodorc liojjes there is some mistake in the matter, which will 

rectified on this representation, for the Commodore cannot 
toDceive that the property of his Sovereign or Subjects can be 
opped by a friendly Power on any pretence whatsoever. It 

" (Jl&nsivo nail defensive between Fruiro and Btioin, wliioh wm sigiwil on tlie 
|h of Angnnt. 
Svuf^ Dttif, Emi},, Briii»b CoiuiU at Cadu. 


tar dl SaAaoMf when ihej 
iht ncpocfataon of prtmnoas, topre i 
^tinw no pmnmaat will be aOonod ts be t 

The CoomodoK hopes* fertile 
Nation, « abo for that of the EngPsh, dt Ae i 
It will taike oo mfaiiiir whidi nnj 
*o happilj wih i Mf b e tw een lua 
Serene Repahlic of Genoa, and which the 
all limes so atndioarij endeavoured to preaerrr. 

Dated on boefd his Britannic Ma jcatj^ a Slap Ca 
Mole of Genoa, September 4th, 1796. 

HoftATW Ni 


(Flmai a Cofif in iIm Admlnltf, trmiumitieA ia A^Binl Sr Jafea JeriM 
of Ui* Ittli of Mvptrrotor, 1700.] 

Akom Scftc^M. ITU. 

Tlic Commodore [not] having yet received anjansveria] 

Note of .Scplcinbcr4tli, is induced to trouble the Doge vilkl 

visit, to request his influence for a speedy ansvrer bein^ | 

and at the i«ame time to assure the Doge that the oxeoVB] 

■bought uudcr the fuIlHanction of the Proclamation uf OctoberJ 

I79d; and the Commodore gives his word of honour dut W 

hna been proved to him that not one of the beasts harel 

bred or purchased in the Republic of Genoa. 

Therefore, as this sudden prevention of their embarkatio 

contrary to the proclamation of October, 1795, most 

arisen from Home gross misrepresentation, the Commc 

ho])cs now he has had the honour of explaining to the 

tiic whole affair^ that a favourable answer will be given to l>i* 

.application, for the cattle being ihc property of his Biitannicl 

^lujcsLy, can never bo sold to any person, and they must fttJ 

])rcscnt be considered as sequestered by order of the Serend 

Govornmonl, and at a time when the Commodore, by ordcl! 

of his Admiral, Sir John Jcrvis, Commander-in-Chief of the 

Hfitish Fleet, is showing every attention to the subjects 

Genoa, in pcrminiug several of their Vessels to leave Lcgliom] 

their cnrgoctJ, and permitting wood to be embarked frony 

uscan State for the City of Genoa. 




[Frotn a Copy iu ibe AUmirnliy.] 

SeptwuLer l>iL, 1700. 

My dear Sir, 

r. Brame, or rather Mr. Bird, will detail to you the whole 

about the bullocks, and what steps have been taken on 

rt. I hope you will not think I have gone too far. I 

you it has gone much against me to fish in Diplomatic 

r, for there must be many forms in getting through these 

which I am unacquainted with. I shall endeavour to 

somctliing here to wait your answer. The French seem 

:late to this Government what they shall do. I was 

Ijcstcrday at the meeting of the Merchants, and told 

iat I knew of the return of the Spanish Fleet into 

jz. However, they say they will be prepared; and if 

let me know in time, I will most certainly afford thcin 

protection in my power; and if the Genoese Govcrn- 

seize (seciuestcrcd they have) the property of the King, 

knows how long they will regard the property of the 

Russian Minister has just sent me word that, lust night, 
put the question to the Senate to give me thirty bul- 
s, but it was overruled, and I am not to have one. The 
eipal argument was, we shall offend the French, and we 
better offend the English than them, for they will not 
U3 90 much. I have desired that all your papers may 
Jk «cui on board me ; if not, Mr. Brame will destroy them. 
If. Brame b unfit for business. 

[Not signed.] 


[From n Copy in iLe .\(liBirnlty.j 

His Britiuuiir Mr^c«tj'« SLip Cnpuin, GenoA Mu!#« 
Spptcinbcr lUtli, I'iHI. 


have to request that you will inform iiic whether an 
cr is to be given this day to the repeated applications 
lie embarkation of his Britannic Majesty's cattle. If I 




receive none, I shall, in the evening, send off an expr 
his Excellency Mr. Drake, and another to his ExceUen 
John Jervis, Admiral of the British Fleet, and 
Majesty's Ships from the Port of Genoa; and I 
their Excellencies will take such measures as arc prop 
this extraordinary conjuncture, in the detention of his! 
tannic Majesty's property. Hoping, for the happiness ofj 
two Nations, that the Government of Genoa will 
step which may for a moment intercept the hAnnony 
has lately prevailed between his Britannic Majesty andj 
Serene Government, 

I have the honour to be, Sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 



[From Clarke ruid M'AnLur. tol. i. p. 31rt.] 

S<<pt*mbcr lOih, H 
I have utcmorializcd the Senate, and had an audience i 
Dtigc, but still these wise heads are puzzled. The Doge] 
very curious about me ; be asked my age, said he had 
much of me, that the blockade of Leghorn was strict be] 
what be could have thought possible ; at the same 
publicly tliaoked me for my goodness on many occasion 
Genoese vessels. It has hitherto, my dearest Fauuv, beed 
good fortune to have combined the strictest rigour of my 
with gaining the good-will of the parties interested. My con* 
duct has been open: that has been my secret, and it b*^ 

Yours, &c 

Horatio Nelg 


[From a Copy in Uje AdzniriUlr.] 

Caplaiu, oiTOenoft, 8<tiiU-mb«T licit. 

You know of my orders for L'Eclair, to come to GencMk 
a Convoy of bullocks, which Mr. Heatly had bought for " 


LETTBR?[ ^ 553 

OK of the Fleet Last Sunday I was Eurprised to meet the 
ir at sea, and more bo, to find that the Government of 
had refused tlie embarkation. I send you Mr. Brame's 
'] — I should say, Mr. Bird's (his son-in-law), for Mr. B. 
able to \\Tite — which is a faithful detail of all that 
As I send every paper, I shall not trouble you with a repe- 
of them. This Government is in terror of the French : 
of its Members are bought over, and all, I believe, 
that the English would be a far more generous Enemy 
the French : therefore, they would rather offend us than 
In my conversation with the Doge, I hinted (on his 
cr insinuating that a great Army close to their gates 
;ht cut off all supplies of meat for the City), that we had 
power to cut off supplies of com and wood which come by 
L His answer was, what was true, that a small Country 
e Genoa, was in a terrible situation between great Powers 
lit war. I txrged our claim to justice, having conformed to 
the laws of Genoa. He admitted we had justice and right 
on our side. 

You will. Sir, I am sure, do what is right, for a more fla- 
grant disregard for the English can never be told. If the 
property of the Sovereign is sequestered, God knows how 
long the property of the Subject will be safe : certainly no 
longer than it suits their convenience. 

I hope you will think I have done what is proper, and shall 
be happy to receive your commands how to act I should 
think a firm demand from you, with a threat of detaining 
Genoese provisions so long as they detain his Majesty's^ will 
have its proper effect. 

Every day French vessels come to Genoa laden with 
powder, shot, &c., and land them at St Pierre d'Arena,^ where 
the French have large magazines of powder, and other stores. 
They have four guns mounted on the beach, for their protection, 
and arc going to erect a large battery and have one thousand 
men to defend it They have demanded one of the large 
palaces for an hospital, and taken it If the war continues, it 

* In ConnnisatrT Suey** letter to the CnrnmAiidant of thn Ltnthom BMt«rT, h* 
Mi4 thu ttu» afeats of ibc Goveniment (here \uA ^«riute««i ih« Freneli ItndUig 
" good«" in ilie Imrbour of Si. I'ierre d'AreuA. 






must cud in ibc French taking possession of Genoa. (supiHt. 
ing their success continues.) Such an event has hapj)eiinll 
which I must reserve for another letter. Whatever may he 
the consequence, my mind tells me I have done pcricctly 
right, and I ho{>c you will also think so. 
Believe mc. Sir, 

With the f2;reatest respect. 

Your most obedient servant, 

HoHATio NelsoK. 



[Fr«>in n ropy in iln' Ailiiur»JlT. j 

C'npiuiii, off'a<>uo«. September llUi, UW. 

As I wish only to be supported by truth, I send you every 
Paper relative to the subject, and firmly believe I shall receive 
the approbation of your judgment.' I shall only declare W 
you, on my honour, that I had not the smallest intention to 
attack the French vessel, had not the French themsclvc* 
forced me to it. I do not think neutrality can be all on oP* 

I have the honour to be, &c. 

Horatio Nelsojt. 

Sent another letter to the Consul, desiring him to cxe*^' 
himself, and not to give way one inch ; that I felt I had acte^^ 
right; and desired he would look out for inhabitants of St. F^4 
d'Arcna to state the truth, and also the soldiers in tbc Lan-* 
thorn Battery. 

About seven o'clock the Town began, ceased for half at* 

* Tliit> affiiir, wliioli in tliv subject ofuiaiiy hiib5<'<^uriit I,4>ttcr>, niut complaiiiotl of 
by tht* Coiuuiiftsnn, Dinctnr, Sury, to the CoininaJHimt of ibc Ljuilbt^ru HiUtfry, in 
A letter dated St. Tiorif d'Arpiui, '2H Friit-tiilur, (llib Sf{it(>nibi'r,) !n «bii-b br 
Mid Uiai the t'oniiuiiudHnt did imt lirv (>n Llic KngliMli "lootis, [btkato,] f>r violiuing 
tli« iiriiirnJity, iiiiiil tlirir [ititr ychh hi a ilisiiuiev, «ud tbai hv dixi-outiiiiiril ii wlirn 
tl»p t'iigti).h !<biii> wt'w Mitbili rcurti. In repiv, tbr Comniaiidnut 'tiitcd. lliu be 
rimbl tint fciippo^c tlip KugliHb kUhiim of mir, wliicb rtuiir oMl of ill* bnrbdiir, won}4 
\0 KUilly of a viobaiiiii of uniliality. «iid llic niifre xu iw ibcy biid given tlirir worJ 
' not ifl miilui rei»tinii|.< for twenty four lioiirs afl«r their df|>«rtuir ; aildtug. 
i dUci-trd thr batteries to lire an xoun lu* he wtsi rwhh- of ibr attack OB 
Uirtmi. Thei-e l/ettvn un in tlic Annual Itrai$ter, roJ. xMriil. " 9tat* 

bclVVCB ten SDB dcwB Ol 

, and atmsed llwnsehcf l3 ooe cjl (I £d 

l) cirrr as, tmder nc, and on all ades^ shot aad 

knit, or the Sbip biac^ei 

had several Geooeae boatt off; tber ate miy i 

lower Geooese are oar frieod& 

; r.i>.— Mj Boat is ooow off tiiak weoi with » Fli^ of, 

lo ibe aoothward of Genoa. The Captain told tba 

▼erball J that the Ports of the Republic were shot to 

I ouBt ohaenc, that all oonmraiucalioQ with 

il of Genoa is La wriiing: they [neither] raoetTa^ 

Ijr aeod* ao jthing bat in wiking. 

JFraa a C«p; ia tte Aiaif|lijr.] 


I hare to desire tliat vou will iiumediatelT go to tbe Go- 

tnt, and acquaitu them that the French have a battery 

Flerrc d'Arcoa, which has commeuccd an attack on hb 

tjr's boats sent to St. Pierre d'Arcaa, to look out and in- 

' for our Boat which some deserters took away last night ; 

I gave the Officer orders if the French fired on him, to 

l&ke reprisals, which he has done, by bringing off a French 

'c*«cl discharn^ins; her cargo of Ordnance Stores; and I tun 

1)1 ft lilile surprised to find the battery at the Lanthorn firing 

the English boats for their just reprisoL 

I only mention the above circumstance to mark the fact 

strongly, for I believe mj-self perfectly justifiable by the 

Ts of Nations, to attack the Enemy's batteries wherever 

cy may be placed ; and I believe it is the first time the 

crenc (Jovernmcnt has taken a decided part of one Enemy 

unst another, I shall acquaint Sir John Jcrvis with the 

*l»olc circumstance, and the Vessel will await his orders. 

I am, Sic. 

Horatio NELso>f. 




[From t Copy in Uie Adminltf.] 

6«ptc»ber llth, ITM. 

A French battery at St. Pierre d'Arena — the French Inad- 
ing all sorts of warlike stores under the guns of Genoa — the 
French battery fired on his Britannic Majesty's Boats — the 
Boats board and take a French Vessel landing warlike storei 
abreast of the French battery, on which, all the guns of 
Grenoa open a fire on his Britannic Majesty's Ships, and noti 
shot fired in return to the Genoese fortresses, and only three 
fired at the French battery, to mark the power of the Eng* 
lish, and their humanity in not destroying the houses and 
innocent Genoese inhabitants. 

ilow can the Serene Government of Genoa mark this con- 
duct as strictly Neutral ? Where the French erect batteries 
cannot be considered as Neutral ground. 

Everything in Genoa and under its guns or parts of the 
Coast which are really Neutral, the Commodore ever has, aoo 
will most inviolably respect. 

The inhabitants of St. Pierre d'Arena, the Genoese soldic** 
on the batteries will, if they declare the truth, support tl»* 
whole of my assertions, that the French fired first, and tb^^ 
the English Boats had commiltcd no act good or bad, befoX^ 
the French fired. 

Dated on bourd his Britannic Majesty's Ship, Captain, O" 
Genoa, September 11 tb, 1796. 

Horatio Nelson. 

The knowledge of every person in Genoa, and its neigh' 


[From R Copy in Ibe Admindty.] 

Cnptaui, at Set. September 12th, I71M. 
ir Sir, 

Hng transmitted the whole of my correspondence in the 

txiraordinary affair of yesterday, I shall only endeavour to 

some few circumstamccs and observations as they strike 





I, Ibr I cannot doubt but on proper representation bv you, 

iiut the ai!lsur will redound to tny credit, instead of appearing 

against me. No one, as you will do me the justice (I flatter 

ffljsclf) to say, ever more Btudioasly endeavoured to keep out 

of scrapes with the Genoese than myself, knowing the influences 

of terror which the French have in their councils; but there 

M bounds beyond which insolence cannot be borne. I know 

It i> the common language of the Senators to hold England as 

'tor enemy than the French; and I believe it ia the first 

lat any Neutral State, which one of the Powers at war 

in port possesses, in the least interfered between the belligerent 

^ - r% but allowed them to fight it out. But if the Neutral 

hought fit to preserve its neutrality, surely the parties 

AtiAckcd had the most undoubted right to expect assislanoe, 

4tni not ilje attackers. Tliis must be allowed by all interested 

parties ; and if the Genoese find one person who saw the fact, 

that will say my two Boats committed any act, either good or 

Iwfl, unless rowing towards San Pierre d' Arena would be so 

considered, (the Boats were not 1 00 yards fix>m the Lantern 

^putery when the French opened their fire,) I will permit all 

^e World to say I am wrong. 

Had I intended to take French vessels, I could have sent 
^t our Boats in the night and carried them off without 
^n person's knowledge ; but when I weighed from Genoa, 
Hjud not a knowledge that any Vessel was at St. Pierre 
"^Arcna; nor, when our two Boats went away, did I know 
what Nation the Vessels were, for I was not one cable's 
from the Mole, with a land wind which would have 
ed any Ship, in half-an-hour or less, to the spot. Had 
tny intentions been hostile, the two Ships could have sent 
nine Boats and 100 soldiers, and as many seamen ; but I 
bad not, on my first ordering the Boats which had been 

fring round the Moles, the smallest idea of any firing. My 
lUs have always cutlasses, and each Boat two or three muskets 
them. The Lieutenant asked me what he should do if the 
rcuch fired ? I told him to take the Vessel lying there, if 
vns laden with warlike stores; but even if she were 
ch, and laden with common merchandize, not to bring 
again assure you, that our two Boats could not have been 


more than TOO yards from the Lantern Battery (for I Aa 
think the French Battery is 300, in a straight line) before 
French fired, as I have related. 

I immediately sat down to write Mr. Brarae (No, 1 ), wbi 
sent by a Lieutenant.* Whilst I was writing, the firing 
tinned from the French, and began by the Genoese ; bat 
will mark my forbearance in yoiu: representation. They 
acknowledge, that from half-past .seven a.m. to one p.m., 
the intermission of about half an-hour, the batteries k 
continual fire of shot and shells. I should have been ii 
pleasantly situated had I returned the fire ; for my Ship wi 
have been covered with smoke. The lives which must hi 
been lost in the Town, and the damage done, would 
been immense ; but, as at Lamea, not one shot did I fire 
Genoa. This, the whole Town will say is true ; and that 
was in my power is to be presumed, or they would not have 
fired on me for such a length of time. That Being who has 
ever protected me, did not permit, wonderful to tclJ, one sbo^ 
to strike the Ship : over us, under us, and on all sides of u&« 
even to thro>viag the water upon our decks, (by the she' 
striking the sea,) but no, not one hurt us. 

I lay off Genoa with as perfect ease as usual. At half-pa^ 
one P.M. I ."^ent a Flag of Truce on shore, to the southward t^ 
the Town. Lieutenant Fierson was taken into the Guard ' 
room, and the Captaua of the Port sent for to I'cceive him 
Mr. P. desired to go into the Town, but was told the Govern- 
ment could not be answerable for his safety, on which h< 
delivered my letter, directed to the Secretary of State, in- 
closing a letter for Mr. Brame, (Nos. 2 and 3.) At six p.m. 
the Captain of the Port returned, and said that my letter hod. 
been delivered, and that he was told by the Secretary of 
Slate to say, that the Ports of the Republic of Genoa were 
shut for die present against the English, but that the Govern- 
jj^ ..... .......1.1 *4.„| ways to scad me an auswer. I had a letter 

fr. iit Compton, by a Genoese boat, telling me, 

e was with Mr. Brame, a party of armed French 
( four boys who row the Jolly-boat, but that the 
Vjrtn Keale defended them, and fired on the 

' ViJp p. 2(J.'*, nulc. 




Buch, killed one Frenchman by putting three balls through 
ym, and wounding some others. 

The Genoese boat-people told mc, that the rage of the 

fjench was excessive. They declared they would cut the 

fofamteers into pieces the size of tunny-fish. All was riot ; 

it GoTernment had reinforced the guards at all the gates 

batteries, and the drawbridges were all up, and the gates 

fcui. Some ladies and gentlemen who came to Mr. Pierson at 

bcGiiard-roora, from their villas, toa»k what was the matter and 

[truth, said, the Officer who commanded at the Lantern was 

strong Jacobip. Therefore, this, my dear Sir, ought to be the 

I punished : our Boats were under his protection. You will 

I what is right, I shall trouble you no more, only to assure 

I that I am your most obliged and faitliliil servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From Clarke imd M'Arlliiii, vol. i. p. .'Ufl.] 

SeiiieiiilKT Utii. MnC. 

lanure you, dear Sir, on the most mature reflection, I feel 

ig in this affair to reproach uiyself with ; and I shall 

sh rejoice to find you think the same. Some steps must 

irilv be taken. You have formerl}' said you wotild 

ion my writing opinions to you ; therefore, should not a 

idron demand of the government of Genoa the free admis- 

^i^on of their Ports ? (the insult and cruelty of firing on our 

"oftts is, I suppose, more n Ministerial affair;) and in case of 

^gfiisal, then comes the consideration, what is next to be done? 

B the French to be attacked at S. Pierre d'Arena ? is the 

■^dc of Genoa to be stopped ? I mean, are all Genoese 

Vessels to be sent into St. Fiorenzo, and there ordered to renjaln 

Wiih the masters and crews on board, in full possession of their 

'-. until the Govcnnuent of Genoa open their Ports and 

, , . _ : t isfaction for what has happened ? This l:ust, to \>v sure, 

Ujav be easily got over: I have in some measure taken upon 

■ '' to chastise tlie French, although supported hy Genoa. 

I close tliis letter with whatever conversation 1 may have 

ivith the Vice-Roy. 

' Ucnlfmmt-Coluncl Dcdiahi. 

[In coudiiufttiott.] 

Sept«rober 1( 

It is no small degree of pleasure for me to tell you, that i 
Vice-Roy most fully approves of every measure I have 
He also wishes that the taking and securing Genoese Sbipti 
adopted, as a pledge for the safety of the English property il 
Genoa, and as a measure of reprisal for the conduct of the 
Government As the Vice-Roy will write more fully, I shill 
not touch on our intended expedition. 

I am, &c 

Horatio Nelsoii. 


TO ... . 
[From a Copy in the Admindtj.] 

[Alwnt ITili September, UWlO 

This Government seeming determined not to give any 
answer to the representation made hy the Consul and invflelf* 
and you having asked my opinion how you are to act with the 
cattle ordered hy Mr. Heally, the iVgent-Victualler, for th'^ 
account of his Majesty, I have no doubt but it will be prop*^ 
for you to keep the cattle at the least possible expense till yo^ 
receive your directions from Sir John .Tends, K,B., Cot*^' 
mander-in-Chief of his Majesty's Fleet, either through IV^' 
Heath, or some other person ordered by the Admiral to deliv" 
his orders. 

I am, &c. 

HoBATio Nelson. 

[Frmn a Copy in tlir Admirnltr, rtuI the original draught in iLo Nelson P«|M>n.7 

CuptAiu, lUrbour of Ciipn^ii, Septamb«r lOUt, 1700. 

Having received on board the Captain and Goiigon the 
Troops onlered for the attack of the Island of Capraja, under 

Oiii* letter to the Adniirnll). Sir JoliU .lenis said — " I eucltHr, 

' of tb<< Lunla CiimuiKsioners nf ilio Admiralty. Commodon 

••••on ol ibe i-xp«diiion ngaiuat. and captiu-e of the Islnud Cspnu* : tli» 


]m 87.] 



ti>e command of Major Logan,' I sailed from Bastia on the 

of the I4th, with these, Vanneau, and Rose, and 

joined next day by La Minerve, Captain Cockburn. 

From excessive calm weather, it was the 17th before we 

jved off the Island, which afforded time to prepare every 

tans for the prevention of our landing, there not being more 

Idian three places where it is possible for troops to get on 

are. The length of passage, which was unexpected, induced 

[Major Logan to divide his forces, in order to distract the 

enlion of the Enemy, and it had the most complete effect ; 

1^1 landing was made at the north end of the Island, under 

' of the Rose, Lieutenant Walker, and Vanneau, Lieutenant 

[Gourly, who conducted themselves very much to my satis* 

tioD. At six o'clock, on the morning of the 18th, we sent in 

1 Flag of Truce, with our Summons, No. 1 ; received Answer, 

[Ko. 2 ; oar Reply, No. 3 ; Capitulation, No. 4 ; and, at four 

p'clock in the afternoon, tlic troops took jwssession of the 

Fortresses. I landed from the Squadron 100 troops, under the 

Dtnand of Lieutenant Pierson, of the 69th Regiment, whom 

fajor Logan and myself hold ourselves much pleased with 

management of the Capitulation, and also a party of 

under Lieutenant Spicer, who carried cannon up the 

itain with their usual spirit and alacrity. It would be 

injustice were a distinction to be made between the 

rices; all had ftill employment, and I am confident 

idaet of wliieli reflects tlir liighcst Louour un his «kiU, juilKiuent, lutd entcrpria*, 
on th? gofxl training of those under liis command, uuong whom Captain 
ikbum of hiii )(itie9tj'>i Ship Mint'ne, ttAnd* cmii;(tiiily iliHtiDguisbed, u do 
hil«n*nt9 Berry, Spencer, and Noble of the Captain. The latter was de«penuely 
uuied in nn«^ of the succeBsftil enterprises iu the western Riviera of Gcuaa. aad 
two lirstiiAined havu exposed their peraoiw on all occaMiona, with thai' cool, 
tb«nue coura^ which forma so prominent a feature in the Commodore's chorac- 
md I beg leave to recommend them to their l^ordships' favour aud pn>lection." 
rtirkrrt \tcmoin of Earl St. rincmt, vol. i. p. 2.10. The attack on Capri\]a 
not. bowerer, quite so satisfurtory iw would appc-ar from the nfflriaJ odconuta of 
afliiir; for G<.>neral de Bur^h, in a letter to Commodore Nehou, dated Doatia, 
ptrmber W, 17(H}, thanking liim tor his KealouN ■■o-opc-rnliuu «ith tlie U'oopi, 
I — " I an>, Lowfver, rnonilled to leani thai there should hare bt'en any check iu 
buainesM, which, olthougyi but a leinporiiry nnr>, places Ihu Britinb troops in a 
i they do not uxiiallT nppear in. Any Corsican failaroa I can easily make my 
A nf to, utrrtt especiiug mueh Rood from our worthy fellowenlijecla of Uila 
ad." — Ori'jmnl iu the NeUou Piipera. 
Mi\jor James Logan, of the dl«t Foot; be wu nude a Lieutenoat'Colouel in 



but one opiuion prevailed, that of expediting the siirret 
of the Island by every means in their power. 

I catinot conchide without assuring yuu of my most 
cere approbation of the conduct of Captain Cockbiim of 
Minervc, Cojnain Dixon of tlic Gorgon, aod Licutcnanj 
Berry, who had tlie temporary command of the Captain, 
of every officer and man in the Squadron. 

I have the honour to be. Sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 
N.B. — Two French Privateers are taken, and two ditto de- 
stroyed with several Vessels, their prizes, and some magazines 
of French property on shore, 

Inclosube No. I. 


Commodoi'e Horatio Nelson, and Major James LogsnJ 
Commanders of the Forces by Sea and Land of His Britanoicl 
Majesty before the Island of Capraja, Simunon the Fort and| 
Island of Capraja to surrender to the Arms of His Britannifl 

The Commissary, the Commandant, and other OflBceii' 
Civil and Military, in the service of the Serene Republic <jf 
Genoa, and all the Garrison shall receive all Military llonouPi 
and be treated with all regard and attention, with liberty to, 
stay in the Island, whilst their conduct is not prejudicial 
the British Garrison ; or retire to Genoa, as they may please- 
All people in the Civil Department to be continued in th« 
lOfficea which they at present hold, if they are not founC 
acting contrary to the tranquillity of the Island. 

All the inh.ibitants of the Town and Island, are assured 
perfect security for their persons, prop«'rty, and religion; an^ 
the Britisli Government will not fail to take every nicnsiir 
jotini; their interest and their prosperity, whilst tl 
uins in their Administration : the present laws 

Contribution will be demanded, nor any Taxes which 
not at present pay to the Government of Genoa, 
ic Public effects will bo demanded and t.iken inl 
Commissaries will be appointed by us to take 

inventory, which the British Government ^I account 
to the Serene Republic, dii'cclly the differences Iwlwecn 
shall be happily terminatct!. 
All French [)ropcrty, public and private, shall be {»ivcn up 
OS, and be at our disposal till further orders from the Vice- 
roy of Corsica, and the Admiral. 
If the present favourable terms are not immediately acceded 
the C'oramandcr of the Tort rests responsible for the cSu- 
of blood, and all the other consequences of his refusal. 
Dated in Camp, before the Town of Capraja, this 
Uth day of September, 1796. 

Horatio Nelson. 
James Looam. 

Inclosire, No. II. 



DiUed at Cninp, before the Town of Capnyii, Sopiember IfiUi, 17!M! 

Hail your answer been a refusal to treat, beft^rc this time, 

sr attack by Laud and Sea would have commenced, and the 

res and property of innocent inhabitants would have been 

crificcd by your fruitless attempt against the superior forces 

Itacking you. We will not permit siny delay beyond one 

B«r, for you to take your resolution of treating with us ; and 

We assure you such favourable terms will never again be 

by. Sir, Your very humble servants, 

Horatio Nelson. 

James Logan. 


[Firrt. — The Troops to march out of their works with the 
lODoura of War, and the Garrison to go to Genoa, or stay in 
Island, on their parole. 

Secondly. — The Religion and Laws shall be preserved. 

Thirdly. — No more Taxes shall Ix? paid to the English 

Ji have been paid to the Serene Republic of Genoa. 

I'otirthly. — All the Officers of the Municipality to hold 
eir prewnt situations, so long as they conduct themselves 

[Tou n. T 


Fifthly.— Possession to be taken of the Fortress u 
o'clock this afternoon. 

Sixthly. — Inventories to be taken of the Stores which 
to the Serene Republic of Genoa. 

Seventhly. — The property of the Inhabitants, as «dl 
lat of the OflScers of the Garrison, shall not be touched. 

Kightiily. — AH French property shall be given up to tt»| 

Nintlily. — The Officers with the Garrisoti shall be 
btriced and carried in security to Genoa, as by the 

Dated September 18th, 1796. 

UoBATio Nelson. Agostdto Agnolo, Coxa*. 

Jambb Looan. Bros Maooiore. 


|Dom\ Corbio. 

Geo. Salbri. 
Tutti li Padri del Commo 

[Auto^nqtlt. in Um Mimo Piper*.] 

CK^iaio, nnbour of Ciipni*. Spptcntbtr IMi, IT 

^Mj dear Sir, 
I eoi^intalate you most sincerely on the capture ofl 
Isliind/ wliich I hope will give additional securitv to the KtO^^ 

' Sir OUl»ut F.Wini'n inatrucUons to Commodoiv Nelson M?spcciing the rit;nr» «'• 
Capnya^ annaU l!<liinJ about nioe miles E.N.E. or Capt L'or^p.diited oi< 
S«pl«mb«r, ooitt&in • fiill vx^laiuuioa of Ui» uotivfii for Mlopiiug Uuu sti-im 
Aftitr statiU); ilir pnivt»rMiou<s of ihe Qeuonm (p)vertttti<<nt, ^LicU bul not wtifi 
r«fu»r<l Miikftfction fnr il.i insult and hostility on tlio 1 ItL, but hmi hiMitiiUM. l<i| 
im«w«T to thf rri iiiiuIl' no tUm stiliji?ii, liiat all the I'on 

|iulillc wtTt «lint ni; .iitifili <hiim; that tio«iiliti(»« lind aUo tx-tM 

iy;Kiil<'t CoTMifii. aiul lii-o MiviP^t/^ «iibjcct», hr \V<'>«ls Htlrd Out kl Cafir^a i 
titt' liiM two jvari. ciiuLmry li> ilie Uwa of iicutniliij ; ilini no tu from any i 
(ii>n linvtiig l>i><'n oblaiiKil, (lie <jriincM (•o^^nuiicnt luul cwn rvAuieft to 
lliiiish Vico-cotwul «» Cajirnj*, who itiiglil llll^•e pveij iufonnatioii of mich IqjH 
i>ii>. pnirirdirigK, and ImTn n>»Lriiilird llic nliiKe* of whirb w» ha4 n*»oa to 
idniii; llml nil A|;"lli of iUk Kn-iiidi Ke|iu)ilir liiUt nUo been COlUtantlx raL 
aud avowi-d la Cn|iiigA, whuliwl carried uu cYvry«|<v<.'ii'9 of dc|ii\>ditiiuti Hud bo^tli 
^aiid tliai ibi- Kuriiiv liiul uxadn u |>riu!tic« nf cotoiiig otrr to thai l)<laiid with stor 
nl aiiuniuiitioo dealincd for the rc-coo^ae«t of Cornea, Ui( Ylonroj fnettiei : 

I of CorBica. I shall only say how much I am satisfictl 
haTiQg had to act with an officer of so much zeal and 
!Uy OS Major Logan, and that I do not believe the two 
ncea ever more cordially united than on the present occa- 
t Believe roc, dear Sir, 

Your most failhiul and obedient servani, 

Horatio Nelsow. 

Ill CierQency tlM Viee-Boj. 

P.S. I received your Excellency's letter at hali-past one 
I day, for which I most sincerely thank you. We could not 
id to make the fire, as that Town did not know of tJie sur- 
ider. r hope Mr. Udney's news of victory is true, and not 
I French account. 

H. N, 

r tb«H iMMtu judged it expedient to iakf p<M*«Mion of tlie Fart snd Jalttni 
in liis Mi^e«tjr'8 nuae, and to place a British gnrrison there, uiuil diip 
ki* nuule >»y ilie Covemmeut of Gciion for the nbovc-xnenliQued injurimt, 
; McurJly ia uUiuned ngtuDRi • repetition of th«m in f)itiir«. 1 slioiild 
Bely to know the Admirurs ploeisurr on this orcwiou ; bnt hiirinf^ 
1^ htH ftu a|i|K>rtuiiitj uf t>eiii^ acqiukiiiled wilh hjH general seutimeuts on the 
Nt, Btul the (iicility of executing Uiiii cuierpris^ dojicudiu^ icry much oudii^patcb 
NnMT, 1 lun well assured thnt Sir John JerriK will nut disapprove of my carry- 
iu nveaanre into immediate effect. Under these circnmRliinres, I do not scmplc, 
't rrqu^kt yotir aMiateiiM mod eo-opention, ha%-iD9 Lad many opportiiuilie» of 
'jtutT zml and readiness on every occtwiou of pnlilic sen-ice. For particu- 
thc troops to be embarked on this expedition, and oil other mutters 
lis rxecntion, I beg leave to refer rou lo Lieutennui-Geneml de Burgh, 
lM-in-(!hipt Major Ix>gnii. who coniniandit the troojx, will couccri every 

erou, and will join you ju the Buminoiis, copitulntiun, or any oUicr cor- 
t whjrli Tou may flud it neceesAry to han' wilh tlie CommiuioDOT or 
It of Utr piaoe. 
I mnaiiu only to point out Uie fnotinK on whieh I deem it cipcdient lo lake 
Mian. Th« plwe mnat be nummoned to Hurrcnder m hit Miyesiy'.t arms ; iho 
bToiinkblc leriiis may tw offered to the OtltcerH rivil find luihliuy, and lo the 
i>n ; thry nuiy be coiritd to GeuoA if they iMiik proper, or nmy n'niain at 
I* on ilteir pondr, hut not to' take nny part hoslil** U) the Ku^fliKh garriNon. 
iegrtt of |iroti''niinn uinat Iw proiuiwd to the iuhabiiauti. and ii.«Mininc<>« thnt 
■neiitjou will b* paid t«i lUeir interest.^ and pro»p«rily, iliiriuj: our ccenpaiion 
fitu*. Thi< puhlici Htores ore to lie delivered up on iuvenloiy. and kk to be 
tteil for to the GeuCHwe government, if an acpominodniion ehonld hereaftvr 
ilaee. All French property is to be delivered up to (he KngliMh, and thA 
|l lUg i« to be hiiiHied on the fort or towers. Winlung you wiiccetA iu Uiiit 
rise, and rFpo»ing entire ronfldenec in your zeal aiul abililieM, lut well nt in ibd 
of your Offlrerx niul men, I have the honour to bo, kc, Gildebt KLT.iOt." — 
!• imJ .\t\trtltui; vol. i. p. :t'2n, 





fXbis Currespoudcncc in lakcn from the Offici*J IJispntcL id the At1minJl<i; 
the originiil drnnglits of some of the Loiters are iu the NcUou I'imors, Comuiodoti' 
Nelxon fell in with ii Spaiiinh I'ri^te ou hi!< {Mistsat^ fruin Cnjiruja to Leghorn, oo 
the ','(l(h of Septemlter, which firat hnnled her wind to the cimiwiu-d, lUid oAenrBnlii 
hore diitvn W thif CoTiiniodore. Tlio folluwiiig fdrresimndciice then took |iUct 
Iciweeu CoDunodore Nehtoii aud the Spanish (.'iii>taiu, Don .Itmu de Snmiuva.J 

Hi^ Britamuc Mnjeotj's Ship Ciii>tain, al Set, 'i(Kh September. 1700. 
Having heard that several English Ships have been detained 
in the Ports of Spain, and also that the Court of Spahi has 
made an Alliance, offensive and defensive,* I desire to know of 
yon, on your honour, if j'ou know that there is a war between 
England and Spain ? 

I am, Sir, 

Your very humble Servant, 


[From II Copy in the Admintlty.] 
Alionl dc la Fregnto Esiwguole La Vengeuwe, le ^0* Tbt«, ITIM. 
Monsieur le Commandant, 
Je suis parti dc Carihagene Ic 4 dc ce mois ; il n'y avoil 
alors rien d'extraordinaire, et je n'ai connoissance d'aucunc 
declaration dc puerre ni d'niicune alliance di-fcnsive ou 
offensive avcc la France ; et fjuant a la tlifRculte que vous mo 
faitcs de me laisser entrer a Livourne, elle m' etonne d'autanl 
plus que c'est imc afibire qui dcvrait otre traitec cntre les 
(]ours; on ne m'a point absolument park' de semblable diffi- 
culte, et au contraire il ni'a ete recommandi" dc maintenir la 
bonne intelligence cntre cllcs ; il ne nu'est absolument pas pos- 
sible d'attcndre, comme vous dusirez, iinc rc-ponse du \'ice- 
Roy de Corse, ainsi, dans le cas oil vous ne pourrez pas abso- 

• A Tifdly of rpRcr, oircirsivt! aud dc-fenMive, holwf en Frimre ojtd Spnin, WM sigiuJ 
Mt Ihlrphuuiio, on llir I'.itl) of AiiRiml, il'jC<; and un lite lllh urOcdifaer ^dlowi^(, 
Wv wiw declnrt-d hy SiiAJu BguiutC Great Brilniu. 

r. 37.] LETTERS. 277 

Itnent me donncr Ic passage sans cctte formalite, je me 
itirerai, et j'iafunucrai ma Cuur dc lout ce que s'est passe dans 
"eellc occasion. 

J'ai I'honncur d'etre. 

Monsieur le Commandant, 
Voire Ires humble et tres obeissant scrviteur, 

Juan de SANNAVvk. 

I dc bi 


[I'rom a Copy, ui the AdminJtr.] 

Ills BriUuiiic MiyeslT's Sliip Cnplaiu, nl ScA, .2UIU Suplciubcr, IT'JU. 

It 18 not possible for rac to desire a Spanish Officer to do 
what would be considered in the smallest degree dishonoiurablc. 
1 am in doubt. Sir, whether it is War or Peace between the 
two Courts. You, Sir, sjiy you are sure that all is Peace, 
and that the most |icrfect good understanding subsbts between 
the two Courts, 

Thus circumstanced, I liave to recjuest as a mark of your 
Uesire to cement that hannouy, that you will attend mc to 
tia, to speak with the Vice-Roy of Corsica on this very 
lelicatc question. 

Should, Sir, you refuse to comply with this most reasonable 
request, the fatal consc(|Ucnces must rest with you, and I 
ust do my duty in using force. 

I have the honour to be, Sir, 

Your most obedient Servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

Oou Jnito d« Sannava. 

[From t Copy in ike Admiritlly.] 
Abonl de In Fregate E^pngnolc I>« VengeKOCC, lu '<?<»* Tlirr, I ()HJ. 


Puisqiic vous vous opposez a ce que j'arrive si Livoume, jc 
ii^y irai pas ; mais d'aucunc maniere je ne puis alter a Bastia, a 




moins que vous nc m'y obliglez par force, et Ic parti que voui 
pronez est un acte dc violence, et si reus ne voules pas cost* 
proraettre Ics deux Nations, vous ne pouvez pas vous nf ' 
ajoutcr foi h ma premiere lettre ; et si Tincertitude ou v u 
sur la bonne barmonie que regne entre les deux cours vous 
parait une raison suflSfwinte pour vous determiner i un actc 
d'hostilite, vous sercz rcsponsablc dc toutcs les suites que 
]>ourra cntraincr une semblable determination. 

Si ce que j'ai I'honneur de vous dire ne vous sufiit pas, pc^ 
raettez moi de reprendre la route d'Espagne. Si vous vous 
opposez encore a ce dernier parti, vcuillez cnvoyer voire balandrc 
a Rastia avcc une lettre que je vous adresse pour le Vice-Roy, 
j'attendrai avec vous que la reponse arrive, mais je ne pourra 
me dispenser dc faire part a ma Cour du retard que vous aurei 
mis a ma commission, et de I'obiitacle que vous mettez a mon 

J'ai rhonncur d'etre avec respect. 
Monsieur le Commandant, 
Votre tree humble et trcs obeissant scrvitcur, 

Juan de Sanmava. 



[From A Copy in llu Admiralty.] 

Hia BriUiiuiic Mnjesty's Shiji tlic CopUlis, at Su. 
•ilithSeiiUfiiilicr, KOO. 

From the repeated assurances you have given rae, on your 
Jionoiir, that there is no offensive alliance entered into by 
Spain with France against England, I am induced to shew 
your Court how desirous an English officer is to preserve 
that harmony and good understanding which ought ever to 
subsist between our two Countries, by allowing you to return 
to Spain, instead of enforcing my reasonable request for you 
to proceed to Bastia, to speak to the Viceroy of Corsica. 

Therefore, Sir, if you will pledge *me your word of honooT 
that the harmony between our two Courts is uninterrupted, I 
will, on your givuig nie your honour that you will proceed 
direct for Spain, allow you to proceed. I am, Sir, 
Your most obedient servant, 

T« Doll Jnim dc .Sammvii. HoRATIO NelSON. 

p. S7.] 


[From a Copy in ih» Admiralty .J 
Abord de In FregHle Espaguole La Vengcanoe, 20* Ihn, 1700. 

Puisquc V0U8 I'exigez, je consens k ne pas entrcr k Livourne, 
a m'eo retourner en Espagne^ oil je serai force de renilre 
)inptc dcs difficiilt6s que vous me faites, et de tout ce que 
est passe entre nous au sujet de ma raissiou, et de ['obstacle 
le vous avez mis k son execution ; vous domeurez, Monsieur, 
>nsable dc toutes les suites quil peut cnti'ainGr; et ((uant a 
parole d'honneur que vous exigez de moi de nc pas outrcr 
I Livourne, je vous la donnc. 

J'ai rbonneur d'etre, 

Monsieur le Commandant, 
Votre tres humble et tres obeissant serviteur, 

Juan p£ Sa^mava. 

TO admiral sir JOHN JERVIS, K.B. 
[From a, Copy in the Admiralty.] 


Cftptsin, at Sea, September 31st, 1706. 

Yesterday morning I saw a Spanish Frigate coming from 
ie southward, who, when she raised our hull, hauled her 
rind to the eastward. In about one hour after this she bore 
)wn to us, and I sent on board the letter No, 1 ; on which 
le letters to No. 6 passed between us. As to permitting him 
go into Leghorn, that was out of the question with me ; 
but I chose to have a good deal of communication with him, 
that I might draw ray final opinion if it was War when he 
liled, which I am certain it was not. The Second Captain, 
came on board, admitted that an English Ship was de- 
lined at Carthagena, but that it was in consequence of several 
Spanish ships having been detained by the English, particu- 
rly in Corsica, and that Lord Bute had made represonta- 
jns of the subject. On the other liand, his circuitous route 
)Ugh the Straits of Bonifaccio, wishing to get into Leghorn 
>m the southward, led mc to fancy he had cause for not 
fishing to meet any English Ships of War. 




I had bofore luc Mr. Drake's, Mr. Wyodlijun's, and ibc 
Hussion Minister at Genoa's letters, saying that an Alliance, 
offensive mid defensive, had been entered into between Spui 
and i'rancc; also Mr. Budd's letter, with Mr. Grcgorj's. 

On the other hand, I had your letter, sending Mr. Gregory's 
and Mr. Budd's, but no insinuation that it was actually a war: 
the Vice-lloy's, that he considered the Spanish Question still 
in suspcuBe, altliough an embargo had been laid on the English 
shipping at Cadiz and Carthagena; that war was not : 
rally ex[K'cted at Gibraltar, and that it was not to be 
for by us. 

Thus circumstanced, I thought it most proj>cr not to lake 
him (although I own ray fingers itched for it), which I Lope 
you will a]>provo of. The Don is not aware that it is this 
question that was working in my mind, but that it was that I 
wanted him to go to Bai^tia, to know from the Vice-Roy 
whether I might allow him to go into Leghorn, and tlial I 
would force liini to go to Bastia to have this answer, before 
I would allow him to rctiuru to Spain. I am. Sir, 
Your most obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 


[AntogTopb, in Uic Minto Papers.] 

Ca|)tMu, off Porto Femyo, Seplfinber 24lL, ITIMJ. 
My dear Sir, 

By the Rose at three o'clock on Tuesday morning, I re- 
ceived your fetter about Ofistiglionc, and immediately weighed 
from Capraja, where, indeed, all my business was not finished, ^ 
but I never can rest idle if anything is to be done. I ordered 
Lieutcuant Walker to keep by mc as I was totally ignorant 
of the navigation, antl his Cutter would have been most 
useful in taking out the Privateers; however, Mr. Walker 
thought proper to part from mc the next night. It was Inst 
evening before I got near to Castiglionc, having had batl 
weather and dangerous navigation, as is rarely met with in the 
MediteiTancau. I stood under Cape Troya, when I sent my 
boat on board some Neapolitan vessels, and afterwards of* 
shore to some Nea)K>Utan towers, when I learnt that the 

jrr. 37.] 



^rcnch hail taken possession of Castiglionc ou Wednesday 
^kutng with five hundred men, and the Nea|KiHiaii officer 
^ncctcd them every moment to take possession of his towers. 
Hbave therefore hcenohliged to bring back your letters, which 
1 have desired Colonel Monlresor* to forward to Bastia, for 
my presence is absolutely necessary at Lcghoni, where I 

«nk I shall be able to get a person known to Mr. Wyndham, 
the name of Pensa, to forw^ard your letter ; I therefore keep 
and return the others. The Blanche is going to the Fleet, 
tr Captain being to be tried by a Court Martial ; and should 
come to Bastia, is not fit to be seen by your Excellency 
I he clears his character. / send it on a slip ofpaptr, which 
icase to tear in pieces.^ I mention this, as I believe the Ship 
fast come for bread. 
\l send you my letter to the Admiral about a Spanish fri- 
tc ; I longed to take her, but dare not. You will sec that 
p Don fancies the business hangs in my refusing him leave 
'enter Leghorn, and not daring, he should rctiini to Spain 
to make his complaints, without speaking to your Excellency; 
whereas, in truth, I wished to have brought him to Bastia, to 
ask your advice whether I should not take him. However, I 
have acted on the safe side : if we are not to liavc a war, this 
act of violence will easily be got over; and if we are, I hope 
my not taking this fine Frigate will redound to the honour of 
some of our active Frigate commanders. The Captain is so 
much distressed for bread, that if you have the Cutter or 
Brig to send to Leghorn, pray direct their Commanders to 
bring ns some, as 1 learn it is baked at Bastia for the Fleet. 

IEver, my dear Sir, believe me. 
Your Excellency's most faithful 
ia ExceUeucy the Vice- Boy. HoHATIO NbLSON. 

Lieutenant Walker just in sights off Porto Fcrrajo. I am 
angry with him. 

The Ul« (Idirnil Sir Ilcury Tnelter Montreeor, K.C.B., G.C.U., xiho evin- 
il tltp Cnrsican Regiment, nnd biul becu nomiiiiiled Conunnndaiit of Klbn : he 
in Mnrcli, lh;l7. 

Captain i.')iiir1r^ Sawyor of iLo Dlnnrh<> wiis iried by « Conrt-nmrliiil ou ilie Ibili 

>c|ol>er nilli, fur oiliuu!4 miscniuiiirt. niiil fur not Inking' publir notice uf mutinous 

'9«ii>ns iitlereil iti^'iiiii.Ht him: bt-inv' fouint |<uihy, hv wiu 'wntenced to be diitniisiied 

hi* Nfiijrtitv'B gervii-e, nnd rendered inrHpHble of ever serving in wiy milimry 

L-ity wliiiifver. He wiw ^unerseUed iu the coumiuid of {he Blwiclic by Caplwu 

Adminil) D'Arcy Prentun. 




[Autoprnph, in th« Miiito Papen.] 

Leghorn Boads, S«ptBmb«r aOllt. ITM. 
Dear Sir, 

I have with me Diadem and Lively; Capt^ goes to 
Ajaccio, Blanche to the Fleet, Yet if you want another 
Ship besides Gorgon, I must, and will with pleasure, spare 
you one. Captain Cockburn has great concerns to Betilc at 
Porto Ferrajo. I have wrote him, that I wish him, for his ovm 
sake, to go there and settle them. I believe all the PrivateeB 
on the coast are here, full twenty in number. From what I 
hear, some were on their ]>assage to Capraja when this S.S.E. 
wind came on, last Monday night, or we should have had 
them. I will come over to you when Captain Cockbom 
joins ; but he has my directions to attend to your wishes. 

I shall not let UEclair sail till midnight, in hopes some 
person will come off and give us good news. Lord Garlie* 
tells me you are now likely to be quiet with the Corsicans, 
and that the most sensible part begin now to find it is their 
interest to adhere to the British Government. Nothing came 
onboard; but, as the Captain calls at St. Fiorenzo, I will 
send what I hear by her. About 2000 Corsicans are, Lj 
rciwrt from the Blanche, in the Town. Believe me ever your 
JExceUcncy's most faithftil, 

Uii Excellency the Vioe^Boy. 


f Aalograpli, m tlie Miuto PsiKin.] 

Bepleinber HQth, 1704. 
My dear Sir, 

I send you the account of Wurmser's success as I receive 

it, and only hope it is true : if it is, we shall do better than 

ever. There are about 1000 Corsicans here, who arc to be 

pushed over in the Privateers, as they say, with Gentili, &c. 

Ever your most faithful, 

IIosATio Nelson. 

Hilt ExccUcno/ Ute Vioe-Itojr. 

jet. 37.] 



of Corsica. I shall only say how much I am satisfied 

having had to act with an officer of so much zeal and 

IKy as Major Logan, and that I do not believe the two 

ever more cordially united than on the present occa- 

Believe rae, dear Sir, 

Your moet faithful and obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 
Rb flxcellescy the V'iec-Bojr. 

P.S. I received your Excellency's letter at half-past one 

I day, for which I most sincerely thank you. We could not 

ad to make the fire, as that Town did not know of the sur- 

tnder. I hope Mr. Udney's news of victory is true, and not 

lUic French account. 

H. N. 

) nuonc juJgeU it expedient lo take posaetaion of the Fort and Islund 
V'a in lu<) Migesly'a unmc, aiul to placo a Bnti<«h gurrison tliero, oiitil due 
an it mode by the Goveninieut of (jeiion for tbo nliove-nit'tilioued iiijurifi, 
ritulBeient security i« obiaiued ngainfit a Tepetitiou of ibeiu in futiu«. I should 
I wbhed extremely to know tlie Admiral'^ [ileiuure on this occasion ; bnt baring 
f •fret^t' iiad an opi>ortunity of Iviug ivequainted wiili bis general seutiments on tLe 
ci, and ibe forility of executing lhit> enterpme depeudiugverj'uiiicb on dispatch 
)r, I am well assured Uuil Sir Jobn Jervis will not difiapprore of my corry- 
•nre into immrditae effect. Under tlie«edrcoiii9taure«, I do not scmplf, 
i{uir«t your aasistanee and co-operation, having hod many opporiunitieti of 
■ jour zeal nud readiness on every occasion of public Hcrvicc. For porticu- 
drt T>^{ii-rting (be troop» to be embarked on ibis expediiion. Hnd all other miiucrs 
lciMl%c lo ii« e^pciition, t beg leave to refer you to Lieiitenaiii-Geiieral de Durgb, 
OMBuador- in -Chief. Mqor I^gmt, wbo commandc the lroop<;, will coucrrt every 
fate Wllh yoDi and will join yuu in Ibc nnntmoug, rapitiilnlion, or any otlier cor- 
myuBdmcf wlkicb you may ftud it neoeaitBry lo have with the Commisaioner or 
Coanimdaiu of tlie pluce. 

** II rMtaina only to poiul out Ibu fooling on which I deem it cr|)edieltt to tako 

faaaeHion. The |daee tniiat bo summoned to nnri-cnder to hi» M^jo^ity'ii tumx ; ilic 

■oat bvourabli! tvnat may be ottered to the Ofllcens ciTil anil niilitaj'r, aitd to the 

I : lliev nmy be cMrinl to Oouoa if tbry ibiuk projier, or may rt-muln at 

lOTitlirir parole, but not to'tiike any port ho«ilile to the Knglisli garrison. 

«« uf protection must Iw protuij»ed to tlie inbaliitanlti, wid iissurance^ that 

Dtiou will lie piiid to their iitlcrc.ils) oud proMpeiity. during our otii>u|ialion 

(at*. The public Mtore» are to be delivered up on iurcntorj-, njid are lo be 

^aaated fur to the rieur>ese gowrumeiit, if an accomtuodaliou ahould hereafter 

filaoe. All French profierty is to be delivered up to the Knglihb, aad the 

JmU <lng in lo be boi>(tcd on tbf fort or towerw. WlMliing yuu siicces* in this 

B, aiul rtpOHiug entire lundldenoe iu yuiir^eai and abilities, aa writ at in llie 

, »f your Offlcers and mm. I have tlic honour to be, &«., GiLSfiKT EmoT." — 

nnil M'Jrthur, vol. i. p. 120. 




U me dormer le passage sans cette formal ite, je me 
Eremi, et j'taformcrai ma Cour do tout cc que s'est passe dans 

J'ai rhonneur d'etre. 

Monsieur le Commandant, 
Votrc tres humble et trcs obcissant scrvitcur. 



[From R Copy, in the AdmiriUiy.] 

Hw DriUunic Miyesty'^i Ship Cnptaiu, m Sea, 'iOOt Scplcmkr, 1^ 


tt is not possible for me to desire a Spanish Officer to do 
would be conBidcrcd in the smallest degree disliuiiourable. 
am in doubt, Sir, whether it is War or Peace between the 
Courts. You, Sir, say you arc sure that all is Peace, 
that the most jwrfect good understanding subsists between 
two Courts. 

circumstanced, I have to request as a mark of your 
to cement ihat hanuouy, that you will attend me to 
ttia, to speak with the Vice-Roy of Corsica on this very 
tlicatc question. 

Should, Sir, you refuse to comply with this most rcasonablc 
^ucst, the fatal consequences must rcat with you, and I 
Just do my duty in using force. 

I have the honour to be, Sir, 

Your moat obedient Servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

lua de SAumivtL 

[From n Copy ul Uic Adinirnltv.] 
Abord d< In Fr«g«te Enpiigiiole Ln Vongeiiucc, In '*'<•* Tlirc. niMJ. 


f t'ujsque vous V0U3 opposez a ce que j'arrive h. Livournc, jc 
ly irai pas; maisd^aucuhe manicre je ne puis allcr d Bastia, a 

moins que vous nc tn'y obligiez par force, et le parti que vottfl 
prcncz est un acte de violence, et si vous ne voulez pas wn.- 
proraettre lei* deux Nations, vous ne pouvez pas vous refuser i 
ajouter foi a ma premiere lettre ; et si rincertitude ou vous etei 
sur la bonne harmonic que regne entrc les deux coups vo«j 
parait une raison suflisante pour vous determiner 4 UD actn 
d*hostilite, vous serez rcsponsable de toutes les suites qa<< 
pourra enti'aincr une serablable determination. 

Si ce que j'ai I'honneur de vous dire ne vous suffit pas, peC 
mcttez moi de reprendre la route d'Espagne. Si vous voi» 
opposez encore a cc dernier parli, veuillez envojer votre balandr 
k Bastia avec nne lettre que je vous adresse pour le Vice-Roj| 
j'attendrai avec vous que la reponse arrive, mais jo ne pourrK 
me dispenser tic fairc part a ma Cour du retard cjuc vous aurc 
mis a ma commission, et de I'obstacle que vous mettez a vtum 

J'ai llionneur d'etre avec respect. 
Monsieur le Commandant, 
Votte tres bumble et trcs obeissant scrvitcur, 

Juan de Saknav^ 



[From a Copy in iLe Admirnltr.} 

Hia DriiAnnio Mitjeftt)-'* Ship Uie CapUin, al I 
aoili Bejitcmber, 1790, 

From the repeated assurances you have given rae, on your 
honour, tliat there is no offensive alliance entered into by 
Spain with France against England, I am induced to shew 
your Coiul; how desirous an English oflScer is to preserve 
that harmony and good understanding which ought ever ta 
subsist between our two Countries, by allowing you to return 
to Spain, instead of enforcing my reasonable request for yott 
to proceed to Bastia, to speak to the Viceroy of Corsica. 

Therefore, Sir, if you will pledge 'me your word of honoiu 

that the harmony between our two Courts is un'mterruptcd, ] 

will, on your giving mc your honour that you will proceed 

direct for Spain, allow you to proceed. 1 am, Sir, 

Your most obedient servant. 

To Don Jnau de Samittvn. HoRATIO NkLSON. 



[From a Copy in the AdminJiy.J 
Abord de U Fregwe EspognoU La Vengeanee, 20* 7brc, 17( 

Puisque vous I'exigez, je consene k ne pas entrer ^ Livourne, 
«t i m'en reiourner ea Espagne, oil je serai force de rendre 
compte d^ diffieult^s que vous inc faites, et de tout ce que 
ifest passe entrc nous au sujet de ma mission, et de Tobstaclc 
que vous avez mis k son execution ; vous demcurez, Monsieur, 
iwponsable detoutes les suites qu'il peut entraincr; ct quant a 
ta parule d'honneur que vous ezigez de moi de ne pas cntrci 
a Livourne, je vous la donne. 

J'ai rhonneur d'etre, 

Monsieur Ic Commandant, 
Votre tr^s humble et tres obeissant serviteur, 

Juan be SANNAVi 

[From a Copy in Uio Admiralty.] 

CapUdn, M Sea, September 21si, 170 



Yesterday morning I saw a Spanish Frigate coming from 
"le southward, who, when she raised our hull, hauled her 
*in(l to the eastward. In about one hour after this she bore 
down to us, and I sent on board the letter No. 1 ; on which 
ibc letters to No. 6 passed between us. As to permitting him 
U> go into Leghorn, that was out of the question with me ; 
bat I chose to have a good deal of communication with hira, 
thai I might draw ray final opinion if it was War when 
sailed, which I am certain it was not. The Second Captaii 
who came on board, admitted that an English Ship was de- 
tained at (Jarthngena, but that it was in consequence of seven 
Spwiish ships having been detained by the English, partici 
Wly in Corsica, and that Lord Bute had made representa- 
tions of the aubjccL On the other hand, his circuitous route 
trough the Straits of Bonifaccio, wishing to get into Leghorn 
fn)in the southward, led me to fancy he had cause for 
ti'iiibiag to meet any English Ships of War. 

I had before mc Mr. Drake's, Air. WyndhamV. and ih 
llu.ssian Miiiislci* at Genoa's letters, saying that an Alliaflc»,j 
offensive and defensive, bad been entered into between Sp 
and Franec ; also Mr. Budd's letter, with Mr. Gregory's. 

On the other hand, I had your letter, sending Mr. Gregoijf'ii 
and Mr. Budd's, but no insinuation that it was actually awarij 
the Vice-Roys, that he considered the Spanish Question flUU | 
in suspense, although an embargo had been laid od the Giig&bj 
shipping at Cadiz and Carthagena ; that war was not 
rally expected at Gibraltar, and that it was not to be wishcdj 
ior by us. 

Thus circumstanced, I thought it most proper not to tJtti 
him (allhough I own my fingers itched for it), which I bops] 
you will ajiprove of. The Don is not aware that it is tliis^ 
question that was working in my mind, but that it was thai I 
wanted him to go to Bastia, to know from the \1cc-Roy 
whether 1 might allow him to go into Leghorn, and thai I 
would force him to go to Bastia to have tins answer, 
I would allow him to return to Spain. I am. Sir, 
Your most obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelso**- 

[AaU)gm]ilt. in ilie Ktlnlo Pttpcre.] 

Cn|>tiiiii, off Porto Fermjo, September 2-tiL, l^O^ 

My dear Sir, 

By the Rose at three o'clock on Tuesday morning, 1 **^ 
ceived your letter about Gastiglione, and immediately wcigl*'^ 
from Capraja, where, indeed, all my business was not finisl*^ , 
but I never can rest idle if anything is to be done. I orde*"^ 
Lieutenant Walker to keep by me as I was totally ignori*** 
of the navigation, and his Cutter would have been nx*^ 
usefid in taking out the Privateers ; however, Mr. Wall^*^ 
thought proi)er to part from me the next night It was l^^ 
evening before I got near to Castiglione, having hatl l^^ 
weather and dangerous navigation, as is rarely met with in t * 
Mediterranean. I stood tmder Cape Troya, when I sent r^" 
boat on board some Neapolitan vesBcls, and afterwards 
shore to some NeajwUtan towers, when I Icarut that 




Irrach had taken possession of CasligUunc on Wednesday 
ling with five hundred men, and ihe Neapolitan officer 
xpected them every moment to lake possession of his towers, 
[have dierefore hcen obliged to bring back your letters, which 
i have desired Colonel Montresor^ to forward to Bastia, for 
by presence is absolutely necessary at Leghorn, where I 
liDk 1 shall be able to get a person known to Mr, Wyndham, 
flhe name of Pensa, to forward your letter ; I therefore keep 
, and return the others. The Blanche is going to the Fleet, 
Captain being to be tried by a Court Martial ; and should 
come to Bastia, is not fit to be seen by your Excellency 
he clears his character. / send it on a slip of paper, which 
to tear in pieces.' I mention this, as I believe the Ship 
bust come for bread. 
I send you my letter to the Admiral about a Spanish fri- 
1 longed to take her, but dare not. You will sec that 
Don fancies the business hangs in my refusing him leave 
I enter Leghorn, and not daring, he should return to Spain 
make his complaints, without speaking to your Excellency ; 
!»ercas, in truth, I wished to have brought him to Baslia, to 
your advice whether I slu)uld not take him. However, I 
kVc acted on the safe side : if we are not to have a war, this 
of violence will easily be got over ; and if we arc, I liope 
not taking this fine Frigate will redound to the honour of 
le of our active Frigate commanders. The Captain is so 
ich dbtressed for bread, that if you have the Cutter or 
rig to send to Leghorn, pray direct their Commanders to 
*^ng us some, as 1 learn it is baked at Bastia for the Fleet. 
Ever, my dear Sir, believe me, 

Your Excellency's most faithful 
|i> Exccllcncj tJ» VlceRoy, IIoRATIO NelSON. 

[Lieutenant Walker just in sight, off Porto Fcrrajo. 1 am 
angry with him. 

Tl«c Ulo n»'ucrii] Sir Ilenr; Tucker Moniresor, K.C.H., G.C.U., wLu com- 
Bdrci ilip Conticnu Itfgiment, luitl liiul bpcii numiiinUM) Cutrunanduil of Elba: lio 
1 in Miircli, Ih:Vi, 

' Cstitniii Clmrli«i Siiw^cr of the Dlntidir wnt irird liv n Coiirtmnrtinl on ihc iHlJj 

Mplier l'<!HI, fnr oiiitiiiH uiiMcniiiliiiil, niiil for not Inking piililir nnllce of') 

iiiterctl af'niiiHt him : lii-iiiK roiiiiil (^iiilly. ht* niL-^ sriitciici-d t» W di«mi>tKcd 

I Miyrxty* «cnrirc, iind rrudcrcd iucii|inl)lc of over ncniug in any niilitmy 

irit; whutcTpr. ]li> v!n» KU|>«r8cdcd ID (lie comnuid of tlie Bliuubc by Cii{i(i«ui 

Adiuirid) U'Airy Presluu. 


TO THE niGirr iion. sir gilbert elliot. 

[Aato^ph, in the Minto Pipen.] 

Dear Sir, 

Lr^liorn Boa^, Septeaiba ' 

[ liavc with roe Diadem and Lively; Captaii 
Ajoccio, Blanche to the Fleet Yet if you want i| 
Ship besides Gorgon, I must, and will with picasurqj 
you one. Captain Cockbum has great concerns to Hi 
Porto Ferrajo. 1 have wrote him, that I wish him, for 1} 
suko, to go there and settle them, I believe all the Pe 
ou the coaat arc here, full twenty in number. From 
hoar, some were on their passage to Capraja when this 
wind came on, last Monday night, or we should hi 
them. I will come over to you when Captain C<] 
joins ; but be has my directions to attend to your wish 

I shall not let L'Eclair sail till midnight, in ho])ei 
^jcrson will come off and give ua good news. Lord 
tells me you are now likely to be quiet with the Ca 
and that the most sensible part begin now to find it : 
iiUercsl to adhere to the British Guverumcnt. Nothij^ 
on board ; but, as the Captain calls at Su FiorenzoJ 
Ncnd what I hear by her. About 2000 Corsicans | 
report from the Blanche, in the Town. Believe me er 
£xccllcncy's most faithful, 

HoBATio Nh 
lUs Excellenpjr the Viot-Boj- 


[Autograph, in th« Minto Fa{)erB.] 

8«pMmtMr aCtltl 
My dear Sir, 

I 8cnil you the account of Wurmser's success as I I 

it, and only hope it is true : if it is, we shall do bett^ 

over. There arc about 1000 Corsicans here, who aiw 

pushed over in the Privateetis, as they say, with GentiH 

Ever your most faithful, I 

iUn KxcdWiMi/ th« ViM-Bojr. 



Since writing tlie above, I have confirmed accounts that the 
paper is true, and, also, that Frankfort is in possession of the 
Auslrians, with oil the tribute raised by the Frencht General 
Jourdau is reported to have sliot himself. 

Thirty milHona of florins. 


[OrigLoBl ilraugbt, iu ibc Nelson P»j>er8.] 

j^jp Diadem,* «t S««, iHih Septeabcr, 17U0. 

Yesterday morning the Cnptain sailed from Leghorn, accord- 
ing to your orders, as did L'Eclair, from necessity, the day 
before — both for Ajaccio. During the course of ycstei'day, I 
received repeated information of the movements of the Pri- 
iteers with the Corsicans on board ; the whole number of 
>r8icans is nine hundred, including all the OflScers; six 
twelve-pounders are embarked, thirty-five cases of small 
IB, and various other articles, in from fifteen to twenty Pri- 
srs, and I am certain they mean to sail the first favourable 
iomcnL [On the 25th, each Corsican was paid 100 livrcs.*] 
le Corsicans behave so ill at Leghorn, that the French arc 
determined to send them off, upon the general principle of 
action of the French — * If you succeed, so much the better for 
us; if you do not, we get rid of a set of scoundrels.' 

Now, Sir, the point for me to consider is, where will the 
French land in Corsica? the twelve-pounders can only be to 
IS8 a Post, (that they meant to have gone by Capraja, at 
to possess it, is now certain ; the French Commissary 
heard to say to Gentlli, I told you long ago to posscBs 
Japrajn; you now see what you have lost) This, you will 
say, the Viceroy, from his information and means of know- 
Ige of every part of his kingdom, ought to know better than 
ly one of il-^. I am on my way to concert with his Excel- 

Tht Cftiitaiii Wtiig "L'ui from Li-glK/ni to AJMcio, uuder tlto coiuiiiiuid of 
ilf^uuut Berry. Cniiimoilorc Nelton Uoi»ted bis Brand Pendant on board tbe 
g, lU, Captain Ororpi» Urtiry Tnwry. 

t<MK<k)(g<'* wilhili briw'kel.** occur iu tlie Copy iu Ciarkc nml M' Arthur, vol. i. 
, liiil ore uoi iu lUc drnugbl : uid lUere are oihtr, Uiougb] uuimiiortaui viiriA- 
ttOBs between ibcm. 




Icncj huw I can best use my small force to hia advanlagie, 
considering tbc other scr\'iccs I have to look to. 

My idea runs strong that Porto Veochio, which is rcjwrted 
to nic to be neglected by us, and in which is a fort, is the 
object the Enemy mean to possess, which, if their friends in 
the Island support them, is sure refuge for their Vessels, and 
an opening for the introduction of more troops and supplies. 
If the Viceroy will put some men in the fort, and I fitul 
Sardine, I will, with the Venom, which I have ordered from 
Leghorn, place them as Guard-ships in the harbour; and I will 
endeavour to have a Frigate off that part of the coast. If the 
Enemy land nearer Bastia, the Vice-Queen's Yacht (but this 
I don't build upon) may be useful. Vanneau, Rose, and the 
four small Feluccas, which the Vice-Roy has purchased, most 

our communication, and be the searchers for the 

Enemy about the Islands between the Main and Corsica. 
[These Vessels, with those which may be there, will be sure 
to destroy them : although it is possible the men may get 
on shore: hut I hope, from the small crafl which may be 
sent about the Islands between Corsica and the main, we may 
get accounts? of their approach.] If their intention be to land 
on the western coast of Corsica, I take for granted they will 
never attempt the route by Cape Corse, wliJch wouhl every 
hour expose them to the sight of some of our Ships, which 
of course would be their destruction. In either ease, I think 
I shall act upon the idea that they will proceed to the south- 
ward, passing the j>assagc of Pionibino to Castiglionc, the la^l 
place in their possession : but if I can find them on that coast, 
I believe (having knowledge of the whole Coast,) I can 
destroy their Jiota. But, supposing they pass the Islands, if 
we possess Porto Vecchio, although the people may land, yet 
there is not shelter for the Vessels the whole Coast to Bastia. 
liut perhaps they will push for the Coast of Sardinia, Mada- 
lina Islands, &c. and pass the Straits of Bonafaccio. This 
must be a work of time, and we shall have I hope many 
chances for their destruction ; [no opportunity for which shall 
be omitted by. Sir, your most obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelson.] 

What will the Vice-Roy do? Would it not be well lo give 

f. 38.] 



loiice to the Island that 900 refugee (^orsicans are Ibrced by 
he French to embark, and to attempt the limperfcct.'] 

fP,S. 'ITic French arc very angry at our taking Capraja: 
le Commissioner was heard to say to Gentili, * I told you wc 
lould have sent 300 men, and taken Capraja ; you now sec 
le consequence.'] 

:29Ui September, in eiglii ot HastJR, 
The Aiistrians, under the Archduke, took possession of 
Frankfort on the 8lh : and it is expected that Wurniscr will 
ICC more attack the IVcuch : Mantua stopped liiin jigain. 
All ho|>e for another and younger General. The Neapolitan 
>perty is detained by the French at Leghoni.j 

[From Clarke and M 'Arthur. toI. i. p. 'A'il,] 

Sir, Bostk. :jnth Septoiuber. 17ft«. 

Last night, on my arrival, I received your raoat secret 

Icre ;' but I believe many jx-oplc on this Island have an idea 

[* lo ooUMqiicncc of iLo defciwire uUiouce with ^Spiuii, ji wiis iltirnniiinl by oiir 

niliiint tbat ComicK tlwmlil lie cvaciiRted ; a nicuiia' wliicli Suuihey iluiumureN ns 

IdiBgntt^ohil ;" luid he adds, Uinl (Le Viceroy " deeply felt the iupolicy aiid ignuiuiny 

\ llu> evociiiition." though it niii)eB.r!i to hnvo b«en liigLly expedient. Oil ihc '^f)th of 

■ptjfinbcir, Sir Johu Jervist wthIc to Couiuudore Nelson: — "Having ri'ct.'ived 

to eo-operftif wjili the Vici'roy in ihc cvftcuaiiou of the Iskud of CurRie*, 

tmrin lo rotreat down tjje Mcditcrmnriui with his Miycsly* l-'k-ct imdi-r 

■mnudt I dcHire yuu nill Iohc m* limu in going ovet lo Ua»tiii, and ruuNultin); 

the Viceroy njion the best nictuis of performing the oiicmtion, and to give wery 

ftMM'e in your povror towards the eou)p]<>tion of it ; leaving tlic LilockAdc of I^g 

I nnderihe direction ofCaptuin C'ockhiim." Snou iifler the Ciovrmuieiit had iNKiiod 

ordi:r« it changed its iutentions; and on lUi- 'ilst of Oc-lobi'r, a Dispalcli wn.« 

to Sir Johu Jervis, "signifying his Majrwly's plcnsnre relative lo ihc keeping 

•ion of Corsica, Blumld the irowps, storvs, See, not have been withdrawn; Imi, 

I ihat event, lo oceupy I'orlo Fomyo in Elba." This Diajiaich arrived, however. 

Olid iu reply to it, Sir .lohu Jerviit sHii] that "the inainlenajice of the 

jgiiily of the iNlaud of Corhiwa, uiid(>r the cireumslunres of the inoineui, wns 

i lo im|His<iilile, and thai he wan hiippy (tint ihe reiuu>ul of the lroop«, provixionn, 

stores In Porto Femyo, was an auticiiialiou of his orders." In a Letter to Earl 

enrcr, on llie lllh ofNovemlKr, Sir .lohn ,)en-iR observed — " I oniisider it a great 

king that the evacualioii of Corxien hud tnkeu place before I had rvveived the 

il*r» lo oiaiiitaiu llie Viceroy in llie Sovereignly of ii, wliiih could not have been 

cl«d for any length of time, as the momeut the Enemy hml landed in foroe, every 

III in ihe interior of the Iwland would have taken part with hiiu, and lltere wiu not 

lUnable part in il." — Z'«i-*e/"s Mcrttoim »f Earl HI. I'uicrul, vol. i. pp. vJOW, '2A<). 




that something like your orders is going forward. I shall not 
fail to arrange what Transports may be necessary for each 
Port, which is all that I can do until matters are brought to 
greater maturity. 

The Vice-Roy thinks that there will not be tnore thu 
about 600 emigres, Corsicans and French, and the atores I 
do not believe are very numerous ; for the ordnance which we 
found in the tlifferent fortifications, the Vice-Roy will not, I 
imagine, think it right to take away. His Excellency is rery 
much distressed b)' this measure, and believes the Island is at 
this moment in a most perfect state of loyalty to the King, 
and affection for the British Nation : but what strikes me as a 
greater sacrifice than Corsica, is the King of Naples : if he 
has been induced to keep off the Peace,* and has perhaps 
engaged in the war again by the expectation of the contma- 
ance of our Fleet in the Mediterranean, hard indeed is his 
fate : his Kingdom must inevitably be ruined. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

[AppareiiUy in continiialion.] 

Boatiii, 3rd October, 1T06. 

I have arranged upon paper — for more, whilst the affair is to 
be kept secret, cannot be done^thc disposition and number of 
Transports which will be wanted at each Port ; it must not be 
considered as exact, for the reason before stated, but it is very 
near the mark. No cannon or stores taken in the Island are 
to be touched. Corsica is to be left entirely independent, and 
with means of defence against any power. God knows what 
turn the minds of the Corsicans may take when the measure 
comes to be known. Their love of plunder, and a desire to 
make peace with their former tyrants the French, may induce 
them to disturb ua, and in that event an embarkation of stores, 
especially from hence, is by no means easy: but this is a di- 
gression. I send you the account of Ships necessary, made 
out from returns of storcs to the General, and by communi- 

• Ii Ua« licciioJreiul_VHiiU<iil Oi«t an AiTJiiaiicc between Uic Kinguf NajiIi-m uiul ib* 
FreucU was siigueil uu lUf .'iiL of June, 17U0; ami ou the ll>Ui of Ucliilwr, wiifo 
Coraicn wiu I'TBiiuatc-il, uiil our Flcot wak about to wiUtdraw from iht Jtledilvmtuaut, 
Itia Nca{)oliliui Mivjesty cunoludeil n I'miie willj (lie iicpuliUc. 

r. 38.] 



kdon mth the Vice-Roy. It will at least shew you that my 

ind has not been idle, however my abilities, without a soul 

8])eak to in the diflcrent departrapnts, may fall short of my 

1 am, ccc. 

Horatio Nelson. 


'(Antogrvph, iu the posseuion of Jnine!* Young, Ki»q., of Wells, iii Norfolk. Com- 
N«lso]i it<«ut Ml uiilojfntph copy of llii-su Memurauda, iLougli not quite so 
■Uuitiikl In details, to Sir Gilbert Elliot, wliirk tliR Vice-Day n!ctive4l ud llie 
of October, 179G. Tbo variRtioiis or udditioim in braokeU on from tli« lut 
iotuA Cofj.} 


1200 Barrels of Powder 1 ^^ , 

JOO Tons of Stores of all kinds . . . . | One large Ship. 

.„„„_, . , , 1 . n. f Tliree; at least 

f€00 Emigres and then* effects A 

1500 Troops of all descriptions and baggagc,| 
ijicluding Capraja J 

Hospital Stair and Sick \ ^t r^. c, - ' 

I H. T. Slup. 

jtalf and Effects One. 

For Bastia . . . ElcAcn Sail. 

>res and Troops [and English effects], 200, Two— Tluree. 


and Troops ....... 200, say Two. 


ares and Troops [and Emigres] .... say Three. 

jre« and Troops [and Emigres] ... - Seven. 


>res and Troops [very few] One. 

Merchants are supposed to have Vessels, and the Na^y to 
, all tlieir own Stores : therefoi-e the above is for the Army 

Twenty-eight Sail Thirty. 




The Vice-Uoy proposes, with the approbation of Sir John 
Jenis, to embark the British Troops on board the Ships (if 
War, which will secure l(» the Nation ibis most valuable pan 
of the Eiubarkulioii, iu the case of a very superior Heet alt«d- 
ing our Convoy. 

Freiicli ])risoners, about GOO, near Bastia .... pn*- 
jvysL'd to be sent to Calvi. 

Shij)S of War necessary for the attendance on the Traaa' 
J lort : — 

Uastia Cajitain and two Frigates. 

Ferrajo One Frigate. 

'/One Sloop. [One Frigate, 

Capraja which will carry the 

( whole Garrison.] 

_. [Any Vessels of War. [Not 

Fiorenzo \ ^ _ ^ . "■ , 

\ neces-sary to meution.J 

Calvi One Frigate. 

/One Ship of the Line: two 
I or three otliur Vessels of 

-^j'^^*^'" 1 War. [Two FrigatM 

V and Sloops.] 

Bonafaccio Speedy. [Sloop.] 


[From Clarke aud M'Artliur, vol. i. p. !)2d.] 

OcloLcr l.'uJi. KOC. 

As far as my powers and abilities go, you may rely on mc 
that nothing shall be left undone which ought to be done, 
even should it be necessary to knock down Bastia. Jjist 
night I took the Vice-Roy and Secretary of State afloat; and 
at daylight this morning, went to General de Burgh, and told 
him, that from the embarkation of the Vice-Roy, the evacua- 
tion and regulation of the Town became entirely military, 
and of course devolved on us. I hope the General will join 
inc rf)rdially. I have lK>en to the m.aga7.ines, an<l have arranged, 
as fur a.s I have the means, the embarkation of provisions; and 

the General sajs he will have proper guards to keep off the 

|)opalacc. I have recurantenUed to him to send fur the 

Municipality, and to tell them that the direction of affairs was 

in our hands, and that it would be at their peril were they to 

iiileriere in the embarkation of any property belonging to ua. 

Iliwl not the Ships arrived wlicn they did, yesterday would 

have lost us Bastia: the JShijis arc laid opposite the Town, 

! with springs. I am sorry to say the Convoy with South- 

|MH)ton ia not in sight, and it in calm ; the Captain is not at 

^H^or: it is die terror of the Ships which will keep onler 

^■k. If you could order a Ship round and two Trans]K)rts, 

flfey would be very useful. I have detached a Felucca to 

prepare Ca]>raja, and shall send Southampton to attend at 

Elba, but that evacuation not to take place until we are 

finished here, which, according to the jirescnt appearances, 

will be some time. Had not Elba been ours, our Smyrna 

Convoy and Transport^?, I believe, would have been lost, I 

gnrpoM; taking the Ships from Leghorn when we arc abso- 

^Ptoly all afloat, or we shall have swarms of Privatcei's to 

^rment us; 

[In ouudiiiintiou.] 

inli OoloW, ITOG. 

I have received your letter, and am going on as well as a 
heavy surf will permit. The dispatches of this morning' are 
wonderful: do his Majesty's Ministers know their own minds? 
If you stay, we arc sure of the coast opposite to Elba, and the 
fine bay of Telamon. It does not hccomc me to say a word: 
the national Honour and the fate of Italy cannot, I am con- 
fident, be placed in better hands than yours. The whole 
weight is left on yoiL 

• TliMP DispttU-liPn arc oaid l>y Clurkc nnd M'Artlinr to have ronlaiiK^il connltr 
Oni.T4 rrsi.1-, ting Ihc proeceJilijf^ of tlir Fleet, which hiul bcoil prcKiniisly tlirectivl 
to |. • iliii"miiii-aii. It wiiiilkl appear from tlic foUowiuff |i<isiiigi: in a loiter 

£mui - Ji Hiiniiltoii to Conmiodorc NfNoii, iluu'd Nuplfs, •"Usi Oi-iobcr, 17I>H, 

Uiju X.Nou Biid Sir CiilW-rt F.llioi hiul liwn ijistniineiiinl in {iifVciitinK iJir Flet-i 
frnm li*iiving tl«i M<Hiitpmjiu-im. H|iCftViii(,' of llie lute Vice iloy nf I'luiticii, Sir 
WiUiimi olwcrveJ, •' A gtcM point iinlfMl was piii«-J hy your joint pml«-nvo«n» lo 
|irvvfii( till' KinK'n Hoot frnm nliiimlotiiiiK ihi> MtJiUrniiu'di, •itil liy wliicli 1 Vi'rily 
Mh>» ll»P»f KiuKiloms nml nil I Inly nn< sftvcJ from tin- nliRolnu? mill with wliirli 
Vaej ttxT* immfiliiilJ-ly ihrintoncil "— ■*i(/«7r«/<A. ii» ibe Nelson Pniters. 

you n. V 

We are smoother than we have been, but still there w t 
good deal of siuf. I shall strictly attend to all your ordcn, 
and will write more fully to-morrow, 

I am, &C;. 

HosATio Neuoa 


[Autograph in the posMsaioa of J. B. UMth, En}.] 

Bistia. Ootober ITlb, VM. 
Dear Sir, 

I am sorry that you, or any EnglialiinaBt 
should have thought I acted without thought on the lltli 
September.' Whether the measure was right or wrong in 
itself, is not for me to say. I certainly thought a good (W«l 
before I ordered the reprisaL The King's honour w«a, I 
conceive, too much insulted to forbear. I ordered my Officen 
to be prepared for the event. However, we all regret what 
an innocent Merchant suffers from public measures. The 
Vice-Roy and Admiral both think I acted perfectly right, 
even had I attacked tlie French vessel and battery before they 
fired. The Genoese were bound in duty to have fired on the 
French batterj', and not on his Majesty's flag. But I roeutioQ 
this, as I really wished to have retained your, and evcrj 
Enghahman's, good opinion. You will hear that wc «re 
evacuating Corsica. The inhabitants all in grief, but it is by 
no means certain we shall leave the Mediterranean. The 
Spanish arc up, but what can they do against us? 

I am, dear Sir, your very humble servant, 

HoaATio Nelson. 

[From Clarke lUid M'Anljur, vol. i. p. 32U.] 

Alton! 17i1> Ofl^ib**,"' 
We are all preparing to leave the Mediterranean, a mei 
which I cannot approve. They at home do not know 
this Fleet is capable of performing ; anything, and eveiytha 

* In the oITair of SL Pi«rre d'Arens. 



38.] ^^^ LETTEBS. 291 

Ich as I shall rejoice to see England, I lament our present 

lers in sackcloth and ashes, so dishonourable to the dignity 

[England, whose Fleets are equal to meet the World in 

and of all the Fleets I ever saw, I never beheld one in 

lint «>f officers and men equal to Sir John Jer>'is'8, who is a 

l^uintnaader-iD-Chief able to lead them to glory. 

Yours, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From Cl»rke and M'ArtLur, toI. i. p. 3;J0.] 

Ifltb OetoLer, ITflfl. 

We shall attend chiefly, to that most important article, 
imhiancc stores: all English guns, mortars, and stores should 
iii'.jst assuredly be removed at every place. My present in- 
tention is to embark the troops on the morning of the 2l8t: 
I am sorrj" to be obliged to take the Line-of-batile ships to 
Elbf^ as I am anxious to have them with you ; but they are 
80 full of stores, and will perhaps be of troops, that I can only 
my, twelve hours shall be the outside for Egmont and Excel- 
lent, and I shall bring the Viceroy probably in a few hours 
afterwards to talk with you. Sardine is under weigh for 
Niiples, and only wails to make sail until the Viceroy's letter 
M finished. Dido is gone to Elba, to acquaint Colonel Mon- 
)r, the Commandant, of the great change. Everything 
ly l>c done at Porto F'errajo: you will be delighted with 

** ^ ^^' Noon, lllth of Octnlwr. 

We liave just received accounts from the Municipality, that 
munber of French have landed near Cape Corse, and have 
?nt tx) demand of the Municipality what part they mean lu 
ce. The Viceroy has informed the Municipality, that we 
»h to quit them aniicoldy, and in the state we promised ; 
ut if they |>crn»ittcd the French to enter the Town, or in any 
way embarrassed our embarkation, that it would end in the 
fstruclion of the batteries, and would be highly «letrinicn(al 
Bastia. We shall act, I see, with prudence, and retreat in 
The garrison of Capraja is arrived. 

1 am, &c 

iloBATio Nelson. 




[. u i« mk . ■ Ibt I 


Fnwb, £nO 

ir. ■ 

1 have th<? honour to acquaint you that I arrived at Basda 
on the 14th, and was joined between that time and the 19tli 
by the Egmont, Captain, Excellent, and Southanipton. The 
Shipa-of-thc-line were moored opposite the Town, the om- 
bwkatloD of proTLsioca and stores contmenced on the 15th, 
and was continued without intermission till the 1 9th at gunset. 
In that night every soldier and other person were brought off 
with perfect good order from the north end of the Town.* 

It is nnocceasary for me to mention to you the fatigue of 
the whole of this duty, but I cannot omit to state the merits 
of every officer employed on it, and most particularly that of 
Lieutenant Day, Agent for Transports; and much which has 
been saved may be fairly attributed (without disparagement 
to any one^ to his inUcfati^jle attention and ability. TTje 
Captains of all the Ships-of-war, although not particularly In 
their line of duty, never omitted, night or day, their personal 

* Adiuinl Sir Jotin Jervia, iu \da Dispatch to Earl Speuoer. dated, " Vietorr, is 

Ban Kioretuo Bar, 'J3rd Octolier, ITiMJ," f^ve iltc fuUowiitg a«coaitt of ike exmcuathoa 
of Corsica : '* Soou ntler llie Viceroy comaiunicalcd to tbe Mauicipality of Bastia 
tliMt tlic l»1itn4 wos la lie eraciiatcil, tlio rein» of Govcnunent were tneated tttm 
liini, arid a C»niiuitlce of Thirty nomiitiUcil to carry it on. At tbia mometU a gal» of 
ViimI at wr«{, wUivb ruxlivd in xiulftit griisis from tlie motmlains. drove tJM^ iSonlti- 
amptoii nuil tbe Tninsport!! from tbeir anchoni, I,'(m)ii tbia die (-'nmmittce of Thirty 
irvtihteil Ihal au i-qua1 uiinilfer of C'orsicana ithoiild nioiiiit guard with llu; Uriliah at 
tiic eitiuk-l and linrricrs, aud refilled to allow tlio Vict-roy to send a messciij^er «iili 
letta'Pi (u lliK (.'oroirBU Oeiicrals in the French s^-rticc at Legbom, ba^id^ dcti'mitnetl 
to setid delpKiiti!!) uf their own. The instant I wiu apjirised of tliLi 1 dclaobml tti* 
Cainain with ordem to the Egmout, (in rase CBjituiii Slnart fell in itiih Lcr.) u 
proreed to BnaiiA. Happily, Commodore Nelson arrived there in Lbe DiwlpiD as this 
niOMt iiitcreitting |ioriod. and by the firui tone be held, soon rednecd these gentlemen 
to order. iii)d quiet hubmiKMoii to the euiburkatiun ; but he wrote to ine.lliat another 
Line of- buttle shi[i uid n Tromport or two would aeoelerale the work mncli. I 
tliercfore diRpftiched the Excellent with two TroopiransportH, and they had an 
nncommftn qniuk pikinage. By the unwearied bibuur of Comraodnre NeUon, and 
thuto itndtrr bis roinmnnd, ever}'lbin|{ wns emhnrki'd on the illtli, lUid he Hiiil«<d for 
Port Ferriijd at niiitnigbl. On the *j!(U]i,lbe Spanish Fleet, cou<ii><tin(; of thirty ri|;hi 
Sail of the Line and ten Fri|fiUe«, wan nbri'n'<l <>/C'ii[i«f C'or«i.', — Tuvh-r't Mfmoin 
of Earl Si. t'intrni, vol. i. p. •iil. 


The cordiality with which the whole of this service was 

irricd on between His Excellency the Vice-Roy, Licu- 

iianl-Geucral dc Burgh, aud myself, I cannot but think it 

^ht to iufonii you of; and that I have the honour to be with 

le greatest respect, 

Your most obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

[From Clarke antl M'-Vrlliur, vul. i. p. 'M'2.] 

Cnptoiu, 20tli Oolvber. liOO. 


1 was honoured with your Royal llighness's letter of 2nd of 
jptcmber/ a few days past, in the midst of a very active 
;ne, the evacuation of Bastiu ; whicli being our first |>ost, 
entrusted to uiy direction,, aud I auv happy to say that 
)t only Baatia, but every other place iu the Island is com- 
letcly evacuated^ The Corsicans sent to Leghorn for the 

• '• Iticlmouil, September itui, 17'M, 
" Dear Sir, 

' 1 lun lo acknowledtfe tliP receipt of yonrs of 'JOth nml 'j^tnl July, wliicli ciimc 

to liHiiil. I roii|;niliiliUc you im Iteiii^; at last in llip coinmiurd of ii Sliip uf 7-1 

|u<t, *n<l 1 U>lirv<> you did iiut uinkc tlir rtdiuugo Itcfore it \va.s rcqaiMitc. 1 

■j5 wBs pcrnuiidcd you wniUd irmkc llii* ImjxI uhc of luiy opi«miu»ity to diitiii(jiiiMli 

tptplf ; ynii hnvp hiul mmiy, and I Iii)i>p you nill Iihvp nioiv, in wliicli (lie !<iimc ;>t)iKl 

lune, I trust, rt-lnlivi- to yutii (ier«un, nill uttctid you. A>> for tlie L'Xt'L'Ulioii, I 

confidtriil till' Kingo »i<rvi<'e will l>«iietit lUwuys undvr your direction. 

' Hitit^v yonr liLst letli-r, tin* Aiistrinn nft'iiir'^ l>olli in Itidy niid Clernmuy liuvc 

Ihretl srrionsly. I om nut yet »o blind to the Frcucli I<<-%o)ut)iin, iis not to Iw 

iivinr<Kl ilien? imu.t Im- tn'a<?li<'ry amongst ilu' Inipt-rinl < (fftpcr-., wliirh, it ii lo Ix; 

1, tlie Eniprmr will not or tannoi dctirt. I kIiuiiM tliiuli our Flrct, HiliintrtI 

I lUlly Uow is, from llle^c repealed defenls of iLe Au!<lriuni<, ciunint Ih- of nny uioro 

in lite MedileiTAiieun ; and, indeed, iw n Spnni^ili war seem.<i to be inet-itiible, llie 

fe«t Inttien Will reijiiire a grvnl Nnval force, nnd it will be proinrr to nufftneni tlio 

eet nrliirb protects our o\rn coasts, nnd is known tinder the deiiouijniUiun of the 

el Fleet. I therefore suppose the Meiliternuieau Fleet will be divided — part 

; Uk Went Indies, luid Ibe rest! come home, leaving a ftw FrigolCB, under a Tcrjr 

live Officer, at Oibroltiir. 

We cannot say dear old Knglaml i* as we could wish it : liowever, we arc lictlor 

lliMD any oiIum- Nniiou.x ; and, llmuk (io<!, there Ik no trrnchery ani»ng!<t nni* 

litorv, or conipirncy amongst our people.' I wish for llie bent; and, iH'iiig clear 

[lU kit"] of pi»rty, 1 rare uot who in tin; Minisler, provided he is active, and realty 

(ioni>lo ttniXe penrc the momeul he cam. Adieu, my dear friend, and ever belie\o 

r. yours sincerely, William."— Jt(/«</r«/>A| iu the Nelnon raper*. 

^Wto fftf jiHj vvn ciD be 
tke Entmj far zVemgdk atom 

«Bder to DHke cKeir pouc', 

9t OtItMf DClunS Wip DM 

of dK Nsvj OD this ooct> 

wtsv BS?e bees gre8t« $bA 

rho DTTcr wiQ bdierG what 

[)V tioap are oidemi to 

fHMt aiiT nnmberiif 

1 cbe Poet, altboogb saaH, 

lie Hret and TnanparU 

martdMt EDm, we ire to 


ID look 

Mn, vfao if ordcRd to come np: vetUl 
Sa3 dfwosk Ships as Ei^aod bardk em 
byaa Adasal, who will not M 
la look the Emaj m dK 6oe^ be tbeir fam what h mar: I 
•■lipaae it will not be mote tfam ihii^-lbar Sail of the linc^ 
We B^ traaonahty expect reiiiioRcinents from Eogbnd; fir 
wUkt we can keep die cwi i > ii »Hi Fleet in the MeditcrraDeaD, 
ao mach Boce adraBfi^geaoi to oa; and the moment we retitt, 
the whole of Italj ia gi f gju to the Fioicfa. Be the socceseo 
of the A iBtiiaua what they maj, their whole flU|^lj of stores 
and praviaaiiB cornea from THest^ acroas the Asiatic to the 
Po, and when this ia cot oK, thej must retire. If ihc Dons 
detach their Fleet oat of the Mediterranean, we can do the 
aune — however, that b distant. I c&lculatc on the certainly 
of Admiral Man & joining us, and that in fourteen davs from 
this day we shall have the bonoor of fighting these gentlemen: 
there is not a seaman in the Fleet who does not feel confident 
of success. If I live, your Royal Highness shall hare no 
reason to regret your friendship for me, and I will support 
Sir John Jcr^'is to the utmost of my power. ... I hope soon 
to hear that your Flag b fljing, which I am sure will be most 
honourable for yourself, and I trust most advantageous for 
our King and Country. I am, as ever, your most faithfiil, 

IloRATio Nelsok. 

[from iin AuiognpU Cnngtil in tlie Nelson Papens.] 

^Abont October or NoTpmbtT, IIHO.] 

Commodore Nelson has the hunoiu* to acquaint the Serene 
Govemiu Scuoa, that he is charged by his Excellency 

e Vice-Roy of Corsica, and Sir John Jervis, KiB., Com- 

antler-in-Chief of his Britannic Majesty's Fleet in the Medi- 

rranean, to cotne to Genoa, and to demand from the !:>erenc 

overuuient the immediate restitution of the British shipping 

id property sequestered in the Port of Genoa; satisfaction 

the insults offered his Majesty's Flag, by the firing of 

innon on it on the 11th day of September last, and that this 

Tiduct is considered more insulting, as it was entirely unpro- 

•kcd by any conduct on the part of his Majesty's Officers and 

en, who were employed on a legal service near the shore of 

Pierre d'Arena, in possession of the French, and a French 

battery erected on it ; and also for the subsequent con- 

ct of the Government on that day, by shutting the Ports of 

Republic to the British, at the instigation of his Majesty's 


These open Hostilities left no choice with the Servants of 
Lis Majesty in these Seas, but that of vindicating His honour 
Ly immediate reprisals. The consequence has been, that 
^■Capraja is at present occupied by British troops, and that a 
^Kreat number of Genoese Vessels, have been seized at sea 
^Kad in our harbour^) and which will every day increase, arc 
' seqaestered, 

^^ 1 am also instructed by his Excellency the Vice-Roy to state 
^Hd the Government of the Serene Repubhc that Capraja had 
^B>frcrcd many provocations to His Majesty's Government in 
^BCorsica anterior to the late events at Genoa. That Island 
had been, for these last two years, the constant hnunt of Vessels 
calling themselves French privateers, fitted out in the harbour 
of Capraja, under the eye of the Genoese Government, by a 
French agent, received and acknowledged as such. 

These Vessels lay in wait at Capraja, for the Trade of his 

Majesty's Subjecti!, and exercised a piratical warfare against 

e English and Corsicans, under the protection of a Genoese 

rt, and harbour in a manner entirely contrary to the hiws 

if Neutrality : that no redress has been obtained from the 

rene Republic by any representations which were made 

y his Majesty's Minister at Genoa ; that although a French 

ent was not only received at Capraja, but was avowedly the 

uoient of these hostilities, the Serene Republic declined 

reasonable and just request that was made to them on our 

to admit an English Vicc-Cousul at the same ])lacc. 



I am also dircctctl by the Vice-Roy and Adtuiral to infd 
the Serene Republic that they would still have j>ereevcrcd| 
the same system of moderatiou and forbejirance, from a sir 
regard for the Serene Republic, and from an ardent desirej 
maintain, even with great sacrifices, the hartnony which 
so long been preserved, through difficult and delicate tir 
l>ctwcen the two Governments, if the violent and iusultii 
transaction of the llth of September had not committed 
honour of his Majesty, as well as the interest and just 
of his Subjects, too deeply to admit of further forbearance. 

I am further instructed, at the same time, to inform 
Serene Hepublic, that neither desire of conquest nor avid 
of gain, by a war against the extensive trade of the Gene 
have influenced their councils on this occasion ; and that 
only objects they have in view are to obtain reparation for ' 
late insults committed at Genoa, and a security against a rep 
tition of those injuries which have been cxi>ericuced from 
con<luct of the Genoese Government at Capraja. 

When these objects arc accomplished, it is their Exccllcncij 
desire, and they will think it their duty, to restore everythS 
to its former footing, aud to revert to that friendly intcrcou 
with Genoa which it has been so much the wish of his Maje 
and the study of all his Servants to maintain, notwithslaik 
many provocations which jjcrhaps the nature of the times i 
circumstances have rendered unavoidable. 

I trust that these, their Excellencies' sentiments, will sii 
ciently evince to the Genoese Government and to the vel 
world, their amicable and pacific disposition and will rcndci 
the Serene Republic alone resjwnsible for the events lb 
ensued from the present differences, or for those iii> :■ 
which their Excellencies may be justly called uixjn to emrffl 
for vindication of his JMajcsly's honour and the protection « 
his Subjects. 1 have the honour to be, &c. 



[From A Copy in iliv AJuiirRUy.j 

Dear Sir, Cniitun, u Sca, November 4iJi, 1>| 

The night before last, I received, through the hands of J 

liertram, your letter of October 12th, transmitting an 

^ihe Genoese Secretary of State to the Admiral's letter, and 
Memorial, also their Note to you ; and you say you have 
t mc a copy of your Note to ihc Govcruiueut of Genua, 
lich you hoj)e 1 sliall approve of. This latter Paper you 
c omitted to send, which I am sorry for, as 1 hoped to have 
n ill it Mr. Secretary of State most severely taken to task, 
daring to tax me with a hrcach of my Word of llotiour.' 
u must know, from your own acquaintance with me, that 1 
incapahle of such conduct, and you had my Report of the 
saction, which was sufficient for you to resent, as becomes 
)ur station, and my hitherto imim]x;ached honour; but, if 
you have so far forgotten yourself and station as to permit such 
an infamous lie to be uncontradicted, it is my desire, and I 
^^cmaiid it of you, that you go immediately to the Secre- 
^^ry of State, and state that I say, the scandal of a breach of 
^Honour lies with him for writing an initmth, with his Govcrn- 
^■icnt for {lermitting it, and with their Officer, who pledged 
^Hiim^lf for the Republic's being neutral, when I gave my 
^♦Vord of Honour to observe the Neutrality of Genoa, and that 
I would attack no Vessel in its Port, or under the guns of 

This reciprocal pledge was given in your room, and yourself 

lerpreted ; and of course you will recollect, that 1 would not 

vo my Wonl of Honour till the Officer gave bis for the 

eutralily of the Republic. I call on the Government of 

iioa to say, if they understood my pledge of Honour to be 

lerwisc than that I would not commence au attack, and 

ol] that I would abstain from repelling or chastising one. 

You will mark the llawrant Ineach of honour in the Rc- 

blic of Genoa- They permitted the French to enter the 

ort of Genoa, contrary to their Edict of Neutrality, with 

csscls loaded with gunpowder : they permit all kinds of 

arlike stores for the attack of Neutral Powers to be landed 

ithin 300 yards of the walls of Genoa : they permit guns to 

be mounted by the Enensies of England within the siime dis- 


The consequence of this conduct on the part of the Go- 
ment of Genoa, was, that the rrcnch fired on his Majesty's 
Is ; and, on the Boats resenting the insult, from what had 

* lu iIm sflkir of Sl Picne it'Airuiu Vide (uxt«. 



heretofore been considered as a Neutral Territory, by taking 
a French Vessel, the Government of Genoa, instead of sup- 
porting its Neutrality by opening a fire upon the French 
battery, turned the guns of Genoa, firai on his Majesty's Boats, 
and then on tlic Ships; and, in addition to this hostile act, 
they permitted a number of French armed Vessels to cook 
out of the Port of Genoa, to attack his Majesty's colours. 

This statement of facts, which I dare them to contradict, 
but which it was yo«ir bounden duty to have supported long 
since, will show the Genoese Nation, and the whole World, 
who has broken their Parole of Honour. 

I am, &c 



[Antogniph, in tlu* Locker Paiiera. On the 2nd of November, Admiml Si/ Joira 
Jenris with tlie Flrci, (of whicli die Cftplain formed purt,! ulled frorro Moittdla 
Biy liiT GilirallAr, luid orriYpd there on the Int of December falloiriDg.] 

Cuptaia, at Se».MoTember bib, 1700- 

My dear Friend, 

It is true that my time has lately been so fully employed, 
that I have not had that time I wished for, to \vrite to all my 
friends. However, as I am attached to the Fleet, I have not 
so many affairs in bond. Sir John desires me to say, when I 
write you, that he is sorry he cannot, so much as he wishes, 
write to you himself. Wc have now done with Corsica ; I 
have seen the first and the last of that Kingdom. Its situatioo 
certainly was most desirable for us, but the generality of its 
inhabitants are so greedy of wealth, and so jealous of each 
other, that it would require the patience of Job, and the riches 
of Croesus to satisfy them. They say themselves they are only 
to be ruled by the Ruling Power shooting all its Enemies, and 
bribing all its Friends. They already regret our departure 
from them, for no more silver harvests will come to their lot 
I remember when wc quitted Toulon we endeavoured to 
reconcile ourselves to Corsica ; now wc are content with Elba 
— sucli things are: however, wc have a fine Port, and no 
expenses for the Government of the Island. 

We are ^ ^ hear what the King of Naples has dc- 

termiaed f^ (uence of otu: remtuning to support him : 

[if he id marched, I hope soon to be in possession of Leghorn 
lagBin. Tlie conduct of the Pope is extraordinary ; ahliough 
is at war with the French, yet he has not opened his Ports 
lions: he is fearful of a turn in the present happy prospects. 
Iln short, Italy has been lost by the fears of its Princes ; had 
illiey expended half the money to presen'c their Territories, 
[which they have paid the French for entering them, their 
[Couutries would have been happy, instead of being filled with 
Esent misery and diabolical notions of Government. I have 
eceivcd the third volume of Chamock's book,* but how it 
le to me I know not, but suppose by the Queen. As the 
»k gets forward, it naturally becomes more interesting. I 
in your debt for the subscription. 
We left St. Fiorenzo on the 2nd, at night, and arc now 
jing our Smyrna convoy part of the way down the Straits, 
hope to meet Admiral Man, who has, more than a month 
St, known the situation of our gallant Admiral. Orders 
w been sent, which fame says, were received October 10th ; 
►til Admiral Man could not have sailed on the receipt of ihenj, 
Swedes have been spoke only eight, nine, and ten days 
through the Gut. 

So soon as our Fleet is united, I have no doubt but wo shall 
Jk out for the Combined Fleet, who I suppose are about 
liJrty-four Sail of the Line, badly manned, and worse ordered ; 
•fliilsl ours is such a Fleet as I never before saw nt sea. There 
nothing hardly beyond our reach. I need not give you the 
ractcr of Sir John Jervis, you know him well ; therefore I 
ill only say, he is wortliy of such a Fleet, for he knows how 
Use us in the most beneficial manner for our Country. You 
*^ill not forget me kindly to every part of your family, and 
*i«o to Mr. Bradley and our Naval friends ; also to Simon 
^ujlor. As I read in the pajx;r, St. Domingo is to be cvacu- 
], I hope Jamaica will be sjife. All the French Array in 
Jy is going to the Devil very fast. We are on shore, upon 
Ever believe me, your most affectionate, 

Horatio Nelson. 

rrjlc this to go when opportunity oflPers. 

N\ivoiiil>er lltli, off Jliiiorra. 

Bavc you done the business for Mr. Summers? 

* " UiogTupLin NsvAliii." 







^hruiii Clarke auil M'ArtUur, vol. t. p. Jl-'V'i.] 

You will, by this lime, have known the dctcrniinatiuii tbn 
has been made for tliis Fleet to remain in tbe MeditcrraueaiL. 
As soon as wo have defeated the Spanish Fleet, whieh I tk 
not, with God's help, we shall do, I have two or three litll? 
matters to settle in Italy, and then I care not how quicLI)' ^ 
return to you. Do not flatter yourself that I shall be 
warded ; I ex]>ect nothing, and therefore shall not be dis 
jxjinted: the pleasure of my own mind will be my rewarvL 
am more interested, and feel a greater satisfaction, in 
laining yours and my father's applause, than that of uU ill 
world besides. 

YouPB, &c 

Horatio Nelson, 



[From on itutogntpli in ilic Nelson Papers.*] 

CaiiUun, at Sen, November lllh, 1*0(1 

What may be thought in England of our embarkation from 
liastia I know not, l)ut I conceive myself to have a frnr ri 
to be well spoken ofj as the few facts which 1 shall state W 
evince, [I shall relate thera to your Royal Highness, to give 
you an idea of the state of our Army and the Viceroy on 

On the 14tli of October I was close in with Bastia, [before 
dayliglit,] in the Diadem, Captain Towry. Before the Ship 
anchored, I went on shore to the Viceroy, landing opposite 
his house. I found his Excellency very happy at my arrival, 
and itiiniedialely renucstcd me to send off his most valuable 
papeifs tind acquainted me with the plan of some Corsicans 
to take his person that night ; that, except the guard which 
was at his house, our troops were in the citadel ; that a 
Committee of Thirty had taken the Government of the Towi 

♦ TIjr pu-sinigi-!. wlihin brnckrtK arc uot in llic ilmiiglit, Inil iboy onciir in lite 
lu Clwkc aB'» **' * "Uur, \ol. i. p. 002, iind may havv biTU inkvu from llir LeUcr iti 

sequestered llie projicrty of the English, and had rcfiise<l 

suffer any vessel or boat to quit the Mole, [and also that 

plan was laid to seize his person ; that the Town was full 

armed Corsicans who had mounted guard at every place, 

1 that our troops were iu the citadel, except the guard at 


From the Viceroy I went to General do Burgh, where 

learnt that as many armed C'orsicuiis as Britis^h were in 

»e Citadel; that they had mounted guard with the British at 

le Citadel gate, on the batteries, barrier gates, and at the 

>rehouscs of Government, and every magazine of the English 

[crcbants ; and tliat it was necessary for the troops to stand 

to tlicir arms for self-defence ; — in short, that there was not 

prospect of saving either stores cannon, or provisions. I 

ibmitted to the General the propriety of shutting the Citadel 

gate in order to prcvcut any more ariucd men from getting 

ito it, [and that I would moor the Ships opposite to the 

rown.] On my return from the General to the Viceroy, the 

[erchants, Owners, and Captains of Privateers came to me with 

ears, stating the fact of even their trunks with \vearing apparel 

being refused to them, and that they were beggars without my 

help, not a prize would these people allow to rjuit the Mole: 

[a Trans|K)rt's boat had, they said, been refused permission 

to leave the Mole until she was searched, and on nothing being 

)und in her, they suflercd her to pass ; a Privateer was moored 

cross the Mole heads.] I rc([ucsted them to be quiet, and 

that nothing should be left undone by me for their relief. About 

m A.M., the Egmonl, Captain Sutton, had arrived, and I 

ichorctl the Ships close to the Mole head, abrctist of the 

Town, sent all our boats, manned and armed, to tow the Ships 

*aut of the Mole, sending a mcssnge to the Committee, that 

if there was the smallest molestation to every species of 

English proj^erty being removed from the Town and out of the 

[olc, that 1 would open the fire of the Sliips and batter the 

Town down. This message had its desired cftect. The Cor- 

icans on guard down muskets and ran ; and the Mole, upwards 

'sixty sail, was soon clear [At noon, having made the signal 

it b<»at3 manned and armed, I ordered Captain Towry to 

kroceetl into the Mole with them, and to ojx;n the passjigc 

5r all the Vessels who chose to come out ; with instructions 




to take the fii^t English Vessel he came to m tow, and 
if he met with the smallest molestation^ he was to send to the 
Municipality in my name, and inform them that if the least im- 
pediment were thrown in the way in getting any Vessel out of 
the Mole, or embarking any property belonging to the English 
from the Town, I would instantly batter it down. Captain 
Sutton verj' handsomely went to Towry's assistance, for on the 
approach of the latter to the 3IoIe, the privateer pointed her 
guns, and ICK) muskets were levelled from the Mole head. 
On this Captain Sutton sent my message, and pulling out his 
watch, gave them one quarter of an hour for an answer, whett 
the Ships would in five minutes open their fire. Upon this 
the people on board the Privateer, and from the Mole heads, 
and even the Corsican sentries, (juitted the place with the 
utmost precipitation, and of course every vessel came out of 
the Mole.] 

In the afternoon, an owner of a Privateer came to me to 
say, he had goods in the custom-house, which they refused 
to deliver : 1 ordered him to go to the Committee, and say 
I sent him for the things, [which if not instantly dehvered 
I would open my fire.] In five minutes, he returned with the 
keys, and said they were as white as sheets, and said not a word. 
At night they made one more effort to get duty paid for some 
wine [landed, and of course going to be embarked by an English 
merchant.] I had only occasion to send word that I would 
come to them myself; from this moment all was quiet, and 
no people could behave better, Bastia, it was agreed on all 
hands, never was so quiet ; not an armed man was found in 
the streets to the night of our embarkation, [since wc had been 
in possession of the Island,] 

The Viceroy consented to go on board my Ship that night, 
which took off from the General and myself much concern ; 
and we set heartily to work to save what time would permit, 
which may fairly be estimated at £200,000 sterling. The 
seamen were employed on shore to work and my soldiers 
landed to guard the north end of the Town. The French 
Troops lauded near Cape Corse ou the 18th ; and [on the 
16th in the morning, I landed my troops to take post at the 
Viceroy's house, which covered our embarking place, and a 
bunt ten as a working party; the General ordered 


lundred men from the troops for the same pur- 


, and the rest kept post in the Citadel. We set heartily 

ork, and continued without intermission until the 19th 

sunset; when I calculate we had saved ahout £200,000 

irling worth of cannon, powder, stores, and provisions, exclu- 

of baggage, household stuff, &c., &c., for the poor emigres 

d not afford to leave a rag. Our boats never ceased night 

nor day.] 

Oa the 19th they sent a message to the Municipality, 

K ''''siring to know how they intended to receive them; if as 
;nds, they demanded that the English should be prevented 
m embarking. In this state, nothing more could be at- 
tempted to be saved ; and therefore at [twelve at] night the 
troops quitted the Citadel, and came to the north end of the 

Kovna, where was an open piece of ground, and from whence I 
nbarked cverj' man in a heavy gale of wind, with the two field- 
ecea which the troops brought from the Citadel to protect 
leir retreat — the General and myself being the last men in 
le boat, [The French passing at the back of the Town were 
lU the Citadel at one, a.m. From its blowing a gale of wind, 
it was dawn of day when the General and myselP went into 
the barge, not one man being left ashore ; and wc took with 
^Hpe the two field-pieces brought down to cover our retreat.] 
^Ht ifi impossible I can do Justice to the good dispositions of the 
^■Sencrai, or the good management of the Viceroy with the 
^HDorsicans, not a man of whom but cried on parting with 
^V^m; even those who had opposed his Admiuistratioa could not 
but love and respect so amiable a character. It was clear that 
dread of the French wa.s more predominant in their minds, than 
disldce to us ; and it was this perhaps that gready contributed to 
their first resolves, which were not to be justified. The French 
took possession of the Cita<lel at one A.M., and it was near 6, before the last of us was afloat, but we kept too good a 
countenance for an attack. At this time the Spanish Fleet was 
ff Cape Corse, but wc had a fine wind, and before night 1 had 
ivery man and vessel safe moored iu Porto Fcrrajo, for its 
ize the most complete port in the world. I am, &c. 

HoBATio Nelson. 

* CUrke ami M'Artliur iiua« iLu " Commodore Nelson was Uie last person who 

ift tljc «linre. On getting into hi« boat, he turneil round to the Consican mob, 

will) llie coolness of a tuulor, aualhomolixed tlie whole of tbcir unf^iUeruJ 

tiding, ' Now. John Cone, follow tlie natural bent of yottr det«9tttbl« oboractcr, 

and r«Teug«.' " 






f Aniogrtfih, in the po«MH«ion of tbe llonoonkle Mrs. Nevniiam CoOinipnioiLj 

My dear Coll., ^'''^""'-' -""'• »** 

Many thanks for your newspapers which were a verv great 
treat. From them I do not build uiuch on the prosju-ct uf 
peace. The French will try the Dons before they submit to 
any humiliation. 1 see we are reatly to give up our cod* 
quests, except the Mynheers : they must pay the piper. 

I rejoice with you that all your home are well. Ii is a 
n^reat comfort to hear from those folks in England ; I hod not 
that satisfaction. The mode now of sending k-tters is new, 
and it must take time to have it known, lUthough William 
Young ' ha.s sent several for me, and would, I am sure, con- 
tinue so to do. 

We are not I fear soon to get a fair wind. How tedious is 
our voyage : besides, it will uikc some time at Gibraltar to re- 
pair our damages. VVc have all of us some when the truth 
comes out. I was lucky in sending my letters for England if 
Cygnet is gone home, but is that certain ? and I was also hiekii 
in getting a cask of porter froni her, which you shall have part 
of, when drawn off. Perhaps Lively is going for Gibraltar 
for dispatches. I expect no change of wind before the 29lh. 
God bless you, and believe me ever 

Your most faithful, 

IIoRATio Nei^on. 

We have reports that Man is gone through the Gut— not 
to desert us, I hope, but I have my suspicions. 


[Aiilogr«i>1», in tlie possession of Civplixiu Sir Williatn Hnste, Burt.] 

Ciiptiiiu, »l Sea, NovpmliiT a.'ttli, 17JM1. 
My dear Sir, 

Our friends in England sometimes accuse us of not writing 

so frc(juciuly !ls they wish us : on many occasi(jns we CAn 

retort the charge — so says your good son, William. I can 

• KeUcAdK^ Williwn Young. Hicn one of the Lords of tlie Adiniinltr. 

^BT. 38.] LETTEHS. 305 

W^t which will be enough for a letter, that I have never 
once had cause to wish bim anything but what he i$. His 
accidents, I can truly say, have so happily turned out that I 
hope he is in no way the worse for thcui, but I bave strongly 
Tecommended for him not to break any more limbs. 

Although this is writing at sea, yet most probably it will leave 
US at Gibraltar, for which place we are steering ; and you will, 
peiiups, expect a little news from near the fountain-head, did 
jou not know that our future movements are too important to 
be trusted to a letter; and our past ones, every newspaper 
IcUs you more than I can, for what is not known they happily 
guess at. Our evacuation of Corsica was effected beyond 
our most sanguine expectations, and contrtu-y to the belief of 
our absent friends, the part allotted to mc, the evacuation of 
Bastia, considered the most important, ended, as our world 
here, say, much to my credit ; for the French and their adhe- 
rents were round the Town, and the Spanish Fleet only 
thirty-six miles from «is ;' but I left not a man behind, and 
Baved two hundred thousand pounds' worth of cannon, stores, 
and provisions, and landed the whole Army, &c. &c. safe at 
^mrto Ferrajo, a place of shelter I had contributed to take a 
^Hp months before. Our gallant Admiral, Sir John Jcrvis, in 
nun expected Admiral Man from Gibraltar, but we have been 
ippointed, and you know where he is by this time, instead 
>ming to our help who so much needed it, but in this 
rid nothing ought to surprise us. We are only fifty leagues 
Gibraltar, and hope there to find reinforcements from 
England, when, if we are twenty-five Sail of the Line, you 
may rest perfectly assured under our present Commander, we 
shall beat the Combined. God send oiu- meeting may be 
soon, for I should be sorry to have a Peace before we make 

^^^owwda the end of SepUmber, Admiral Don Jiiail de Longnrit, witli tbe Spaninli 

^^M^ eenshliilg of nineteen Soil of tlic Line, ten Fiit'iit<>», unJ some Curvrttf.i, put 

BHm from Cadiz, nnJ proceeded to Curthngena, wherL- they were joined by servo 

tine-iif'liKtlle Sliijis, tliiiK niKking tweiitV'Hix Sttil of tlio Lillt^. WiUl lliis iin|>osui|; 

e, Liangurft aiiiKart'tl off C'lipc Corse in Corsica, on the I'lili of October, nt wkicli 

I Sir .Tolin J(;r^'iJ<'8 SqniulroH, lunouuiiug to only roiirtifen Snil of the Line, (ibe 

being nt Bitstiu.) were at nnclior in Mortella Buy. Instead, bowevcr, nf 

tbe Hug'tMi Fleet, the Spanisb Adminil went to Touluu ; oud on bin 

ttv, on tbe '2(ttb of that niontb, Lbe Combined Hects formed tlurly-eigbt 

[ «f tlie Litu< and oeaily twetity Frigates. 

roL. II. X 


the Dons pay for meddling. When you see Mr. and Mfi 
Coke, I beg you will make ray compliaients, and present I 
mine to Mrs. Hostc. William tells me he is \rriting a lofljj ] 
letter : therefore, perhaps, he will tell you more news than I j 

November 28th. — I this day delivered to William your 
letter of October 3l8t: he says you seem to regret his not 
going home in the Agamemnon ; had I thought so, I oe^ 
tainly should not have taken him from her. I am, dear Sir, 
Your very obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From "The AJiensum."] 

Cuplaia, off Oibroltiir Boy, NoTcmber 30. ITOfl. 

Afy dear Sir, 
It would, you may believe, have given me no small satisfeo 
tion to have received a letter from your own hand, and to 
have conveyed to rae that you enjoy that good health which I 
most sincerely wish you, as well as a continuance of every 
family felicity : It is not in my nature to forget, for an instant, 
the many acts of kindness you have shewn me during the 
whole course of my life. I can only cndeavoiu* to give you 
the satisfaction of knowing that it has not been thro>vn away 
on an unworthy object. My professional reputation is ihej 
only riches 1 am likely to acquire in this war; what profit) 
that will bring me time only can determine, however, it iflj 
satisfactory to myself, and I believe will be so to you. TliJ»l 
day has brought roe from LokI Spencer, the fullest and hand- 
somest approbation of my spirited, diffnijied, and temprrat 
conduct, both at leghorn and Genoa, and my first Lieutenant 
is made a Captain ; a share of a galleon, and I want no morc- 
but, God knows, ambition has no end 1 

How is Mrs. Suckling, Mr. Rumscy, Miss Suckling, and 
■ry part of your family ? I am interested that all shoidd 
happy, and contribute to make you so. You will hear 
w we are deserted, but our Commander-in-Chief is a host 




imself, ami I hope yet to assist him in beating the Dons, 

fh we shall do if we have a proper force to seek them out 
Admiralty have confirmed me as an established Commo- 
: ihey have done handsomely by me. The Smyrna convoy 
goes on for England ; we have towed them from Corsica, and 
I hope they will arrive safe. I venture to tell you the Ad- 
mimlty always forward letters to the Mediterranean by the 
Cutters, which almost every week come to us — therefore pray 
me a lino. 

ccmber 2nd. — It was yesterday before we anchored, and 
sorry to hear of several Fish-ships being taken by the 
iards. Tlie Admiral has sent out a Squadron to secure 
Newfoundland convoy, which is hourly expected. As 
to our futiu^ movements I am totally ignorant — nor do I care 
what they are. I shall continue to exert myself in every way 
for the honour of my Country ; aud in every situation, believe 
me your most affectionate nephew, 

HoRATJO Nemon. 

fou will not forget to remember me to Mrs. Suckling, 
Suckling, Mr. Rumsey, and family, Mr. Mercc,' and all 
sr friends. 

[Aulognph, in the poMcsslou of Mrs. Kewnluun Collingwood,] 

DwcmbM 1st, ITDO. 

My dear CoU., 
hope you heard from home by the Brig. Man is cer- 
Jy gone to England, and the consequences, after Corn- 
lis may be guessed at. 1 send you some papers of Trou- 
You will like to run them over. 

Ever yours most truly, 

Horatio Nelson. 

If we are at anchor, will you dine here at three o'clock? 

* 8k. Qoery — " Muntz;" Tide luile. 


AdniirHlty, and a draugUl iu iL 
Lcttrr was imutimiUtMl lo tlic Secretvy W tlie A<hninkUy, on tbe 4ih of I)f«r' 
Mir JuUii JeniM, who suid, " AJlLou)(li 1 Ariit )ou for Uie Lutds Coinmuaiowai 
'ofllic Admiraliy, by tbe Fox ('Jadl Cutter, on tlie 27lli SrjiUTnbiT, all tlic <l«ii- 
mpiitji IntDHiuitlfd lo nit- by Commodorv Kelson, rcbiliTe to tLe tritiiKjirtioo vtiictl 
ilic Miu(|iii!t S|iinolu Iim so gro&aly misreprcsenied in bia Meinnml to Lonl Orfn 
villi', 1 fell ii line lo the Commodore to put hiui In pOfi«c»sion of the Mennriiil, unl 
I i^ucluMc bill uuiiuiili'd aud ublci refutation of ibe wbole cas^."] 


Captain, Gibnltnr Bay, DraemlMr 3rd, ITSM. 

I am honoured with your letter of yesterday's date/ enclosing 
an extract of a letter from the Marquis of Spinola, the Genoese 
Minister to the Court of I^ondon, and desiring my Report of 
the Transaction. 

I shall do little more that I have already done, sending you 
the exact Report of the Transaction, for the truth of which 

* Tld« Letter, with ib« Marquis of SpiuoU's Note, in now in tli« Nelwin Vtift*- 
Tin- Hlfttir of St. Pierre d'Arena (which lia» bKoii MuBiciciitly descrilK'iI) furoi* lltf 
llr^i piirt of Siiinola's romphunt ; and he then mokc^ Uic following utaiemciit^, wbidi 
niitiirnlly I'Xi-ited NeLson'it indignation: — "The Commodore, in lulilitinn lo tU* 
bif (tell of faith, and to render hiiuself mill more unworthy of the rank he bean, \m 
di^{f^lt^<Hl himself with the assertion of what wns not true, by oolonrinf iU» 
ajtirrchiiion with the pretence of aearching npou the beach of San Pirrre d'Aretiafdr 
a hiuncli, carried away by ^oIn<' dexertcrs, wliteh wiui never aeen at that plaec. Tlit* 
wao eriJent to llie Commodore, fhim the little distance be wna off, ami ir*a bUa 
proved by iliu attcKUtiou of many witnesses who were sworn and reiflslercd in tlif 
ProcesK Verbal, and who at the name time declared tlui taking the Tutau to luo 
been mule prior to the firing. 

" In coiiBcqueneo of this rcceul fact, the Envoy and Minister Plenipotentiaij atthf 
Court of bis Britannic Majesty, by onler of his own Qorcnimeut. has done liitOMlf tlw 
honour lo present to the Kiug, by meanx of liis IVfinixler, a Memorial, showioK bow 
iitiu^btlteKeiiublic hail alwavH studied to deserve the good-will nfF.nglunil; the ungrateftd 
return nhe hafi met with from bor .\^nla in the Mrditerranean ; her exiiectoiiou oftliil 
reconipenoc which justice requires for the great iujurjch »he has sustained ; and, finally, 
the declaratiou of a nieaaui-e which the Ucpubtic hatb judged iudispenaably nroesKary 
lu tnkc iipim thtH occasion — that it>, to secure, by a guard of aoldien, the MqueKtralioo 
of four Kuglinh merchant Ships, with the view of recovering from their effect* the 
compensNlion demanded for wluu. hIic baa lost — a eompetMalion wbicli aball br 
estimated according to the rules of riglit, and which, were tliia measure not adopted, 
oiigbt lo be made good to the RcpubUc. Moreover, to pre8er%'o tbe Repnbtie from 
tbo danger of being again cxiK>Ned and placed in the most perilous situation.", aud 
■Iso ft-om tbe \iciniir of iljo victorious French annles, she hoe Uiougbt it neeesaary 
to adi)pt the meaaure of infnnniug the British Conimauders Ibal, until further dcli- 
bchiiiiin, English Ships Mill not be atlmitted into Ibe Ports of lie said Sute," 

JtT. 38.] 



fou have Uic ileclared testimony uf Iwo Lieulcnauls, which 
thes are ready to confirm with their oaths. 

Hut I cannot allow the Marquis's Note to pass without 

crero reprobation. It is couched in language unbecoming a 

[cxiUtman, whatever privilege he may plead as a Minister, and 

vfbat the declaration of his own Government (for they sent 

me (J copy of their Report to him) by no means warranted. 

hatever my unworthiness may be, I shall show myself his 

nperior by abstaining from language which his rank as a 

*fubleman and Representative of the Republic of Genoa, ought 

have made it impossible for him to use. I dare him or his 

npcrioTs to deny the following facts — viz. : 

The French are in possession of every foot of Sea-coast from 

gates of Genoa to Vcntimiglia (except the citadels of 

Avona Finale and St. Remo), not that those Citadels have 

jomiandcd neutrality for upwards of ten years past. That 

Be beach of St. Pierre d^Arcna was covered with shot, shells, 

B, vraggons, carriages, store-houses filled with powder, and 

irery other Military store landed from French vessels within 

)yards of the walls of Genoa. That four guns were mounted 

the high part of the beach of St. Pierre d' Arena, and 

French sentinels placed over them ; that not one anchoring 

Jacc from Genoa to Vcntimiglia was accessible to an Englisli 

Bip, as the French had erected batteries which commanded 

*Tery one. 

In pledging my honour, it never could be understood that 
l-lncant to debar myself from destroying the Enemy wherever 
insulted me ; nor do I conceive that if the French had taken 
jssion of Genoa, my Word of Honour woiiltJ have been 
'^y longer sacred for that City, for it was given reciprocally 
it the Republic would not permit her Neutrality to bo 
>keiL. I send a copy of ray letter to Mr. Consul Brame, 
ich more fully expresses my feelings. 

The Secretary to the Republic states one fact in his Report 
*-o the Marquis — viz., that I offered to restore the French 
^cnel to any Genoese Officer if the Government would pledge 
*^«clf to make reparation for the insult which Mr. Secretary 
ijfs 1 pretend to call it. 
It \rill appear clear to any mind, that desire of making a 
or insulting the Republic of Genoa could not have 



influenced my conduct, for I was placing the Republic ui 
most independent and respectable situation bjr i' 
tlie judge between two Enemies, and by my decl;; 
any mao, on a fair examination, -would say that his 31aje 
Bo4t8 had committed any act, good or bad, before the Frcn 
fired, I would submit to be considered as wrong. Bull 
Government of the Republic did not choose so close an in* 
tigHtion, when I should have been present. The rei 
clear : mv Statement could not have been contradicted byj 
an examination, and their Officer must have been made i 
able for bis assisting the French in an attack on his Majcs^ 
Boats and Ships, who were inflicting proper chastideiucnt 
the Enemy for firing on the English flag, then under 
fancied protection of the battery of the Lan thorn, firojn wi 
it wivs not 100 ynrds distant. 

The Moniuis states how much the Republic has alu 
studied to deserve the gCKid will of England. I deny the I 
of ahcays. Does She not acknowledge detaining the hullo 
purchased out of the Dominions of the Republic by Britj 
Agents, for the use of his Majesty's Fleet ? Is not this ( 
frieniUy, imd very nearly a hostile act ? And the M 
states the ungrateful return which the English Agents 
made for their kindnesses. This, I think, Mr. Secretary co 
not have sent him, for the Vessels of Genoa had partic 
privileges, bt»th at Leghorn and other places in the Ti 
States, by directions from Sir John Jcrvis, and for whic 
bad the acknowledgment of his Serenity the Doge in persoi**J 

I resjx'ct and esteem tlie greatest part of the Get 
Nation, and am ready to confess that I have been 
into Genoa and Port Especia and nowhere else, and 
been allowed freely, till the first week in September b 
take goods for my money ; and so far from my conduct 
oppressive to the sea-faring part of the Nation, which ia 
could have to do with, it is impossible any one could e\i 
be received with more attention than I have always been b^ 
the seamen of Genoa. They knew that I seized all VeaseJl 
going to France, but that all others were sure of my good wil A 

The Marquis concludes with a truth which is clearly t« 
me the cause of all the hostile conduct of the Govcmmeu 
of Gcnoa-^/Wj/- uj the French ; and had his ExoeUency oolj 

p. 38.] LETTERS. 

mcotioned this fact at first, ho would have saved himself 
mtMib trouble, as well as, Sir, 

Your most obedient Servant, 

Horatio Nelson.' 


TFroin Clatk* usd M'Artliiir, vol. i. p. a,3<l. Government lia\'iiig delormine^al 
••iiliJrnw the garriHon from Porto Ferriyo, Conunodore Nelndn wili ordered by Sir, 
JoUn JeniB, ou Uie 10th of December, ITflli, to boiHt Uis DinUngui.-liiiiK IVndaut ! 
m iMMrl La Slinerre Frignlo, to tnke the Blnuclie under his coiniaiuid, aud In |iro 
fCsl fttitn Gibndtar to Porto Femijo. Upuu lu» nrriviU there, or nicriijii; with 
^Kflk, be wa# tLio to lake uiidt^r liin commAnd Die Hevpiiteeii Sliiiw or Veisi6«>U 
*MI" *. «nd " to cany into cxeculion His Mnjesty's commands relative to the dispo- 
■fios of the trooips and stores lately removed lo tlint parrison tiom the I iJind of 
Conicn," a lr«n»eri|it of which nns enclosed to him. The British Artillery onii the 
J'l IIcKinient, or Royal Scotch, irere to be disemhnrked ot Gibndtur; and all the 
I loops, British and Foreign, were to be landed at Lisbon. Sir .lolin .lerviH's 
unladed in the^e word* ; — " Hating experienced the most iinportnnl effects 
&'jiU)ouf enterprine and aUliiy, iiponvarionR occasions (tiure I Imvc lind tlie honour 
*> cotnniand in the Mediterranean, I leave entirely to your judgment the time and 
''unnfr «f corrring this critical and arduous service into execution." — OriyintU, in 
^ Nel»rtn Papers.] 

•About the lOlh December, 1706.] 

I am going on a most important Mission, which, with God's 
^easing, I have little doubt of accomplishing: it is not a 

Commodore Nclaon'g explanatioai proved entirely satisfactory to the Government; 
^j*4 in FobniwT, 1707, be had the gratification of receiving a copy of the following 
V'V from Lord Grenville, Secretary of Slate for Foreign Affoim, to the Lords of Uie 

Downing Street, Snd February. 1707. 

To the right Honourable the Lords Conuuisaioners of the Admiralty. 

My Lonls^I have bod the honour of Injdng before the King the different papen 

■tive to tlie complaint preferre<l by the Alorquiii de Spiuulo, in llic uoroe of the 

dutesa Government, against Conunodore NelAon. together with the two letters from 

Offloer relating tliereto, which were tnuismiitod to tht» Ufiice by Mr. Nepeon 

awUi ult. Ri* Majettty had not thouglit it jiroper that I rIiouW enlur into 

illAOuabion or eipUnationtt with tlie Mariiiiis J^^ Bpinola in question, until due 

%>>{iaraiiim shall have ti«en made for the a<:ts of huntiiity committed by the Itepublio 

Vgftiuat Uis Majesty's Ships, and against the property of hitt MojestyV Miibjeet« ; but 

w this rireunuiunco deprivee Commodore NeUon for the present of that pnblio 

Uatitaouy trt favour of the prnprieiy of hiit eoudnrt, which muKt result from such a 

diaeusnion, Irhenever it may be entered ijuo, I esteem it nn act of justirc due to tliat 

OUtm, coasidering llic nature of Uie charge brought ogoiust him, In iufonu your 

ILorfahifa, thai his .Mi^etUy ho* been grneinuBly pleaded entirely lu approve of the 
tondact o1 Commixlore NeUuu in oil bis irnusociioiis with the Uepiiblie of Genoa. 
1 1m«« the honour to be, my lords, you lordshiiw' most obeiUcnt hnmble servant, 
Oiasviu.*. — Ciarkt and Sf'Arthtir. 




figbliiig Mission, therefore be »ol uneasy. I feel boiiourcd 
ill being trustcil, as I am, by Sir John Jcnis. If I Iwe 
money enough in Marsh and Creed's hond^, I wish you wcmlil 
buy a Cottage in Norfolk. I shall follow the ploiigl wilb 
niucL greater eatisfactiou than viewing all the maguificeut 

scenes in Italy. 

Yours, &c. 

lioBATio Nelbqn. 

I f From llip Lnndon Gnzclic, of February 28, 1707. Tlie gallnnt action drucnteJ 

' iu IIm" foUuwing dispntoJi, look piftce daiing Commodore Nelson's imssugc tno 
Oilii'iUiar to I'orto Fori'njo ; oiid it is rtimnrkalile Lbat ncillir-r in JoJUrVs •' NmiI 
llislor)-," uor in any one of Ibe iiumeroiis " Memoirs of I^rd Nelson," is Uk fH- 
risp jiliicc wbcro tlic ftctiou occurred mentioned, each writer merely Gnyiug itwi** 
till' |iiui.<«ng(; to I'orto Ferriyo. It iij>|>ears, bowcver, from L« Miuene's Lng,* Ihil 
Kbp mid tbe Biniiobe sailed fhim GibnUtor on ilie lOib, tbot on ilit> lOtb al Nova, 
L'njie lie Outte bore " N.N.W. five or six leagues," and Uial nl Noon, on tbe liOlh, 
bbc wtt» '• off Cortbngcna."] 

HCiih December, 1700. 

Last night, at ten oV-Iock, I saw two Spanish Frigates, and 
directed Captain Cockbum, in the Minerve, to attack the 

■ Tbe following extract from La Mincr%'e's Log is inserted, because it seeni U 
have lieen written by Commodore Nelson bimself, and becattm it contains a Adkr 
account of llic Action limn tbc Official DispnieU ; — 

" TupitdAy 'JOili, oif Ciu-lhagena, r.ii. Fretili gales and clondy wentber. Al 
ft. f»i>oke H.M. Sbip Bbuiclie, and ordered ber to sioer 20 miles N.E. by E. Sbortenwl 
sail, and at ) past 0, brongbt to on tbe starboard tnrk. At 10, the DUnebe made 
{signal to xiteak us : bore dowu to ber. Tbe Captain told me he saw two Spaiiisli 
Frigates to leeward : cleared for action and bore down. At 20 minutes before 11, 
1 poiised under the ateru of one uf Lbem, which 1 bailed. Knowing it to be n Spaniard, 
and not being answered, I commenced action with her by firing n brcNidside into her 
Al ] 1. saw the Dlaiiche engage the other. At ^ pa.*>t 11, saw tbo mixen niasi of the 
Sbip I was piignged with, fall. Wore ship occasionnlly, to prevent her getting to 
leeward, wbieli I saw she endeavoured to effect. At 'JO niiiinte<! past 1, slii" bailed 
IH, ami Htnu'k her colours. 1 dent the Lieutenant to lake poxHesJuou of lier. H« 
••rat the SjHiuiib Captain on Iranrd, who sttrrendered him^ielf. and gave np his sword 
told me his name wa-i Don .faoobo Stuart,, and that the Frigntc was tbe Santa Sabina, 
mounting ii) guns, 20 IH-poiiodcrs on the main deck, 280 men. Took ber iu low, 
and inmle sail to tbe S.F,. Sent the Second Li^atenAnt and 'ii men on bowd her 
to plear her deckfl, &c. The people on boitrd La Minen-e employed repwring' 
daiuiigeM, Sec. At ^ post 3, saw another Frigate ^landing towards n«, wliich ciuppaaed. 
lo be II.M. Ship Blanche ; J past 4, nIju hailed our l'ri«e in Spaniab. and fired 
broadside into her j in oonacqueuco of which we cast off the Prise, which stood lo 



Ip wliich carried a poop light: the Blanche bore tlown, to 
xck the other. I have not yet received from Cuptuin 
i I -ton* an account of his Actiou; but as I saw the Blawche 
moruing to wiudward, with every sail set, 1 presume she 
not sutifered much damage. 
Captam Coekbum brought his Ship to close action at 
nty minutes before eleven, which continued without inter- 
ion until half-past one, when La Sabina, of forty guns, 
^enty-eight eighteen pounders on her main-deck, 280 men, 
aptaiu Don Jacobo Stuart, having lost her mizcn-mast (as she 
<iid after the Action), her main and fore-masts, 164 men killed 
^od wounded, struck her colours. You arc, Sir, so thoroughly 
scquainted with the merits of Captain Coekbum, that it is 
»icedless for me to express thcra; but the discipline of the 
^lincrve does the highest credit to her Captain and Lieutenants, 
ami I wish fully to declare the sense I entertain of their judg- 
ment and gallantry. Lieutenant Culvcrliouse,' the First 
Lieutenant, is an old 065cer of very distinguished merit, 
ientcnantfl Hardy,' Gage,* and Noble,* deserve every praise 
k'hich gallantry and zeal justly entitle them to, as do every 
CT officer and man in the Ship. You will observe, Sir, 1 
sure, with regret, amongst the wounded. Lieutenant James 

eutward. Al ^ past 4 coniineiiccd aclion with tier. At '> sbe wore Shiji uid 

, from iiH. 8rtw three oilier Ships utom, wbicli, u dnyligkl clewfd away, proved 

I two Ljue- of- battle SliipM and a Prigatc, which the 8lup we httd liml engnged 

Aud Otej all made Muil in chaov of tin. Light tiiin nnd baffling woather : 

ie all "ail posathle; our Prize in «ight, bcnrin^; »iK)iil K.N.E., Blanob« Iwtiriilg 

At 7, do. weather : the people employed repairing damages, n<thing lower 

which irerc bodl; wonuded. Snbina hoiiitcd Enj^linh ciduiira over the 

liih, and stood to the N.F,., whicli induced the liirgexl Liiie-of bottle Ship to 

lip the pursuit of as and follow her. At ^ pii»i II, hhe lironght the Sontn 

abina to, when her mizen nuals went over the side, and filio woh rctuJi.eii. The 

iter Lja« of Datilu Ship and two Frigal«<H conUiiiied in cLitne of nn. 8iiw n Meet 

raring K., supposed them to l>e the 8pauinli tlcet, Mode signid fin- the Bimirhe 

u«, which aht did not aiuwrr. In the firel action, had 7 ^ciuiien and marines 

I and !H woauded: second nctiou, 10 wounded. At noon, freHh brrrsn* mid 

eatber: one Line of Battle Ship and tno Spanish Frigates in chase of ua." 

Cciitain, DOW Admiral D'Arej Premton. 

Tide, aui*. 

* The late Vice- Admiral Sir Thoniwi lUnly. G.C.B. 

Now Viee-Admiml Sir Williiun Hall Gngv, G.C.II., one of the Lords of the 

* Now Rw-Admind James Nobl«. 




Noble, who quitted the Captain to serve with me, and wheal 
merits and repeated wounds received in fighting the Enemiei 
of our Country, entitle him to every reward which a grate& 
Nation can bestow. The Minerve's oppyonent being cmd 
manded by a gallant Officer, was well defended, which hju 
caused her list of killed and wounded to be great* as 
masts, sails, and rigging to be much damaged. 
1 have the honour to be. Sir, 

With the greatest respect. 

Your most obedient servant* 
Horatio Nb^ 
KiUed, 7. 
Wounded, 34. 

Missing, 4, supposed to be in the Prize. 
Officers Wouuded: Lieutenant J. Noble, Mr, Meriyw 

Petty Officers KiUed and Wounded : 
One Midshipman killed. 
Wounded, Captain's Clerk; and the Serjeant of the Utli 
Regiment, serving as Marines. 

Damages : All her masts shot through, and furniture much 

Horatio N£L8on. 


[From tlie London Gazette of Febnury 20, 1707, mud origiiul dnngfatiol 
Melaon Pnpen.] 

DflOMnber SOtb, 1711^. _ 

^''^ al 

In addition to my letter of this morning, I have to aquj^H 
you that Lieutenant Culverhoiise and Hardy, with a proper 
number of men, being put in charge of La 8abina, and she 
taken in tow, at four A.M. a Frigate was seen coming up, which 
by her signals was known to be Spanish. At half-past four, she 
came into action with the Minerve, who cast off the Prize ; 
and Lieutenant Culverhouse was directed to stand to the 
southwanL After a trial of strength of more than halfan 
hour, she wore and hauled off, or I am confident she would 
have shared the fate of her companion : at this time three 
other Ships were seen standing for the Minerve. Hope wa» 

r. 38.] 



ive that ihcj were only Frigates, and also that the Blanche vraa^ 
of them ; but when the day dawned, it was mortifying to 
there were two Spanish Ships of the Line and two Fri- 
and the Blanche far to windward. 
In this situation, the Enemy frequently within shot byj 
bringing up the breeze^ it required all the skill of Captain 
^ockbum, which he eminently displayed, to get off with a 
ippkd Ship: and here I must also do justice to Lieutenants 
^olverhousc and Hardy, and express my tribute of praise at 
sir management of the Prize ; a Frigate repeatedly firing 
ilo her without effect ; and at last the Spanish Admiral 
joitled the pursuit of the Mincrve for that of La Sabina, 
^ was steering a different course evidently with the inten- 
' attracting the notice of the Admiral, as EngUsh colours 
hoisted over the Spanish. The Sabiua's main and forc- 
I mast fell overboard before she surrendered. This is. Sir, an 
unpleasant tale, but the merits of every officer and man in the 
. Mlnerve and her Prize, were eminently conspicuous through 
I ^ whole of this arduous day. The Enemy quitted the pur- 
I wit of the Minerve at dark. 

1 have the honour to be, Sir, 

Your obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 
P.S.— Killed, none. 
Wounded, ten. 

Officer wounded — Mr, Hinton, Gunner. 
Mahtmast much damaged, sails and rigging cut. 


[From Ilttirison's " Lift of Lord Nelson," vol. i. p. UO.] 

IIU Brilauiiic Miyt.*iity\ Ship Uio Minerve M Sei, 

l^ecenilier 'U, 1790. 

The fortime of war put La Sabina into my possession ailer 
be had been most gallantly defended : the licklc Dame re- 
irucd her to you with some of my officers and men in her. 

I have endeavoured to make tbe captivity of Don Jacobo 
Stuart, her brave Commander, as light as possible ; and I 



truBt to tlie generosity of your Nation for its beiog rccipr 
for the British Officers and men. 

I consent, Sir, that Don Jacobo may be exchaugfcd, and i 
full Uberty to serve his King, when Liculenants Culvcrhoiu 
and Hardy arc dcUvered into the garrison of GibraUar, will 
puch others as may be agreed on by the Cartel established 
between Gibraltai* and St. Koche for the exchange uf pri^ 

I have also a domestic taken in La Sabina ; his name vl 
Israel Coulson. Your Excellency will, I am sure, order him 
to be immediately restored to me, for which I shall consid 
myself as obliged to you. 

I abo trust that those men now Prisoners of War with jaaA 
will be sent to Gibraltar. It becomes great Nations to act 
with generosity to each other, and to soften the honvra uf 

I have the honour to be, with the most perfect esteem, 
your most obedient servant, 

IIoRATio Nelson. 


[From Il«nii90u'« " Life uf Lord NcIbod," vol. i. p. 150.] 

[Appureiilly nbont December 2-4IU, 1796.] 

I cannot allow Don Jacobo to return to you without ex- 
pressing my admiration of his gallant conduct. To you, who 
have seen the state of his Ship, it is needless to mention the 
impossibility of her longer defence, I have lost many brave 
men ; but in our masts I was most fortunate, or probably I 
should have had the honour of your acquaintance. But it 
pleased God to order it otherwise, for which I am thaukfuL 
I have endeavoured to make Don Jacobo's captivity as easy 
possible, and I rely on your generosity for reciprocal trcalmei 
towards my brave officers and men, your prisoners. 

I am, &c, 

Horatio Nbi^son. 




[From ClATke im<l M'Artbur, toI. i. p. 330.] 

24Hi December, 1700. 
You will, I anj sure, forgive me for iDteresting myself for 
[«r friend Cockbum ; he is now near ninety short of com- 
plement, although I have some hopes that those taken in the 
'fire may be returned to Gibraltar; they are all good men. 
Gunner of the Peterel is amongst the missing; we hope 
is on board tlie Prize : good men were wanting, and pro- 
haii\y he pushed himself forward. My Coxswain, an in- 
raluable man, is also a prisoner. If you can, pray, Sir, procure 
>mc gtjod men for Cockbum ; he deserves every favour you 
are pleased to bestow on him. I take it for granted the 
admiralty will promote Lieutenant Culverhouse, and I hope 
'utcnant Noble will also be promoted. I find that both a 
kisli Squadron of seven Sail of the line, and a French 
)n of five, are out, but where I cannot learn. The 
rrcnch 1 have on board speak much of the misery in France ; 
lev do not, however, think the Directory will make peace : 
Members and the Generals eat, and take everything, 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From a Copy in tLo Admimltj. j 
c:_ December 34Uj, 1700. 

Yesterday tlie Mincnra took, off the south end of Sardinia, 
A French Privateer, culled the Maria, of six uiue-pouiulers 
id sixty-eight men, three dji^'.s from Mai*seilles, on u cruise^ 
Ecn nothing. 

I am> Sir, &c. 

Horatio Newon. 

[Antogra|ili, in Die Miato !'«]>«».] 
La Muierv«, Eut aide of Sardinift. Drc«nil>er 'i-lUi, 17IK. 

My dear Sir, 

1 begin my leltcr by telling you that your box of papers » 
found, and now on board this Ship under my care. This 1 
rejoice at. It was on board the Diadem. The Fleet arrived 
safe at Gibraltar, December Ist, since which it has blown very 
hard easterly. Tea or twelve sail of Merchant ships are lost, 
three Sail of the Line drove out of Gibraltar Bay, and reports 
say that the Courageux is lost, and every man except five 
(and Captain Ilolloweil, who was attending a Court-martial,) 
perished ;* but I hope and believe that, although she might 
have struck, which caused tlic boat to break from her stcro, 
yet as a ship was seen passing the gut without a maio mast, 
I think it is her. The Gibraltar struck, carried away her 
fore-top mast, but went off the Pearl rock, and is saHe. 
The Zealous struck ou the Barbary shore, but is arrived i\ 

On the 14th, at night, I left the Admiral. On the 19th, 
at night, took a Spanish frigate of 40 guns, 18-pounders, 
larger than Minerve. On the 20th, in the morning, fought 
another as large, beat her, and she run from us : but there 
is no certainty in this world: two Sail of the Line and 
two Frigates surrounded us, took our Prize from us, and we 
very narrowly escai)ed visiting a Spanish prison. Two Lieu- 
tenants and a number of our men are taken, and we have lost 
near fifty killed and wounded; but 'tis well it's no more. 
Yesterday we took a French privateer, three days from Mar- 
seilles. Lady Elliot sailed October 23rd, from Gibraltar, in 
good health and spirits. I shall finish at Porto Ferrajo. I 
have reser\'ed a place for you on board the Minerve ; 1 long 
to see you, for your advice is a treasure, which I shall ever 
most highly prize. Only tell me when and where to send a 
Ship, and she shall attend you. The Admiral has told you 
the object of my mission, therefore I shall not repeat it, 

» TLo report was nufurttmiitely Irue. Tbe Conrngciix was vmckeil <m the rpcks 
hi ihii fiMti or ApcH IliU, on (ho Const of Burbary : but lh« loua wm not m> btn\y u 
w*» rrportcd, though upwards of i60 of her meu pciiahed. 



December 27lh. I arrived at Porto Foirajo yesterday, and as 
FremantJe tells me you will certainly be at Naples by the 1st 
ranaary, I send him for yon. I shall see the General* this 
ioming> and will add a postscript of how he feels. I have 
>te Sir W. JL/ as 1 have to Mr. Drake, and Mr. Trevor, to 
for a public letter of my conduct, as has come under their 
lowledge. To Sir William I made use of your name, and I 
it, that when you come here, I shall not want for your tes- 
timony. I feel a fair right to state my services, such as they 
J, at the end of the war, to our Sovereign, who, I believe, is 
lot slow to reward arduous endeavours to serve him. 
Believe me ever, dear Sir, 

Your affectionate 

lioBATio Nelson. 


[Fttgment. From • Copy, in Ibe Nelson Pspera. Perluqis to Mr. W]rDdhiai.j 

[AppnreDUy about December, 179(1.] 

r» • V . from us, but there is no certainty in this world. 

Wo Sail of the Line and two Frigates surrounded us, took 

lOur prize from us, and we very narrowly escaped visiting a 

Ipanish prison. Two Lieutenants, and a number of our men 

taken, and we have lost near fifty in killed and wounded, 

ut it is well it's no worse. Yesterday* we took a Privateer, 

three days from Marseilles. 

I have wrote Sir VVilliam Hamilton, to Mr. Drake," and Mr. 

* LienL-Geiieml de Durgli. 

* Sir WiUiHOi HruniJtuu, at Naples. 

• On ibn 2.')nl of December, 171X1, La Mlnervo, off SardmiA, cnpttirod Uio French 
riroteer Maritt. Vide p. :J17, 

• Mr. t)rake wrote to Cointiiodore NcIhou, in reply to ihii* request, on iLe 'iMi at 
iiuiiiiry, 17U7: — "As our Public oonespoudeuce will in nil proLiiliility linisli here, I 

not refhua from expressing to you tlie very high opinion culcrtaiued by uur 

:e« ut your oonspienons merit ; nud indeed it i» iinponKibK? fur luiy one who hws 

liod the bntioar of oo-o|>erttiing with you, nut lo admire the jicLis il_\ , talent*, and 

witirh yon hare m> eminently dii*playrd ou all occn^ioti^, diiring tJie ouiiri«r of a 

iig and arihions ften-ice. Tliesc sentiments I liavu freqoeully hud oi-ciLsion to 

In bis M^jesty'H IMiuiNlvn, a.s the reid one.H of nil tbotie who have had on op 

lity of eiiimating ihc rulue of your service*, of which I lajpself OIU ncTcf fltil 

bear llie most honouralde tcalimony."— C//ir*c nnrl M' Arthur. 




Trevor, to ask for a Public letter of my conduct, as has come 
under their knowledjjre. To Sir William I made sure of, fixrai 
home, and 1 trust when you come hero, I shall not want for 
your testimony. I feel a fair right to state my services, such 
as they arc, at the end of the War, to ovir Sovereign, who, I 
believe, is not slow to reward arduous endeavours to sent 
hira. Believe me, &c. Horatio Nei^w. 


[AutAgrnpli, in Uie Minlo Papers.] 

L« Hinerve, December 2701, 1790. 
My dear Sir, 
I have been with the General, and communicated my orders, 
which probably you are acquainted with. I dare not writ<! 
fully, as it is not impossible but the letters may be stopped on 
the road. The General seems uncertain how to act, but at 
Naples has made her peace, the Admiral thinks we hftve 
almost done with Italy. I have not mentioned my orders yet 
to Sir William Hamilton, therefore I am sure you will not, for 
Mrhatever we may do cannot be too secret I long to talk ^ih 
you. Frcmantle sails on Thursday morning : he shall 8t«y 
forty-eight hours at Naples ; this is the full stretch I can allow 
him, and I trust you will find it sufficient ; if not, I will send 
something ebc for you, but I feel I have nothing so pleasant. 
Ever believe me. 

Your most affectionate, 

Horatio Nelson. 

Sir Cabert Elliot, Bart. 

The Spanish and French fleet are certainly gone down the 
Mediterranean.' I saw, I am now 8urc> more than twelve 
of the Line. 

' About tlio lat of Deccmlicr, Uie Spnniuk Fleet, occoinpuiiotl by &\e FmA 
Sttil of ibe Line, under Iteiu- Admirid Villeuenve, quitted Toulou. and » tnm djjt 
ftftor tbe S|i«ijiimls enu-reil CarUisgenm while the Fi-eneli Si|niulron, ovriug to tJi» 
g«]e (if wiuJ wliicli proved so fatal to ilie Couragcus, evcnped iLiougb lUe Out of 
GibraJtnr, and reacbed Bretit in safeljr, 



[Tnm a Copy ia the AdmiT«ltj-.] 

Decenilwr yiMli, I7flrt. 


have fitted tlie Fortuna as a Flag of Trace, given the 

imand of her to Lieutenant Jolm Gourlj, and hope she 

sail to-morrow for Carthagenn, with all the Spanish 

jners now here, which I ho|XB you will approve of. I send 

jpy of my letter to the Captain-General of Carthagena. 

1 am, Sir, 

Your most obedient Servant, 

liouATio Nblson. 


Ills Briianaic M^jeslyV fjhip L» Minene, I'oit Femyu, 
'20tb December, 17U0. 


send to your Excellency a Flag of Truce, which carries 
,y every Spanish prisoner from this place, and I request 
thai your Excellency will direct the English prisoners with 
^ou to be immediately put on hoard the Flag of Truce. 1 
shall not urge the humanity attending the frequent exchange 

Ertunate i>eoplc. It will appear, I am siu'e, in the same 
► you, as it docs to your Excellency's 
Most obedient Sen'ant, 
IIoRATio Nelson. 

Herewith I send you Captain Preston's letter to mc, of his 
Action on the 19th December, at night;' and I have the 

IFrom the London timeUe, of the "iHib Febmnry, 1707.] 

La Miueno, Port FeJTj\|o, iJOlb December, l^ilO. 

honour to be, 8tc, 

lIonATio Nelson. 

iCaiM'UJi O'Arey Preston's Letter ia a necesury iUustruiun uf ilio Action wiUi 
B|HUunb FrigiUfS. — 
„. Blaucbe. t Sea. Lic<:<;iiiber 'HHh, I TOO. 

bare to aci]uniiit you, llmi last ttiglil, nflpf Uiiving bnilMl ibit Minervf, imiu*- 
dy M her bkulin).' ber wiixl «cru3» me to ntliick llie lurgcr kbip would {icnna 
TOU n. Y 





[From a Copy iu tlie Adiuinlly.] 

Dfcember ^»ih, VM, 
Dear Sir, 

1 received your private and public letters at the Coart 
Martial this day, and feel very much your very handsome 
manner in communicating with me. 

I fear I shall scarcely have time to-morrow to answer, n 
fully as I wish, your public letter, but my answer will be lull 
to the point-, that my instructions, written and verbal, arc 
clear, that this place is not to be kept on the consideration of 
its being any longer useful to his Majesty's Fleet, thai the 
Fleet has no longer any inducement to come on the Coast of 

I shall withdraw nearly all the supplies from this place 
whether the troops quit it or not, and reduce the Naval force 
here as much as possible. The object of our Fleet in future 
is the defence of Portugal, and keeping in the Mediterrunean 
the Combined Fleets. To these poiots my orders go, and 1 
have no power of deviating from them. I intend, after to- 
morrow, sending the Transfer to Gibraltar, 1 must take for 
granted that Sir John Jervis will take care to cover the Con- 
voy down in such a way as he shall judge fit. Ilowtver, 

Uie Blanche to wear, 1 bore u]), and iu Uiree or four miniiU'» niter tbo MiatiWi 
Hmt brnmlKide, hruiiglil, llic frigivlf> to [..eewAnl tn close fu-Uou, the two sliips Jut 
clear of eocli otlier: (lie enemy modi; Ixii a trining rrsiHianee, and eight or niiw 
hrmulxiileH compleU'ly Biieuced her, when tLcy called for quarter, nnd their oolotua 
were hauled donn. T am snrry to oild, that tlie ver}- near appruocli of UirM tltA 
ships (two of wlioh wer*- discovered nearly witliiii gnn-shot beforr we went biW 
oetioiO rendered my tnXinf; possesiion of her imitrocticahle ; when I wore to join 
the Miner^'e, hut llniling the ships did not tJieu close with llie frigate T had Ivft 
much diuDAged in her sftil» and rigging, I ognin irtood after her, hiit »ho hod bj 
this lime got her forc-snil, fore-top anil, fore-top-fftillanl sail set, and not only ont 
suilifd the filiinchc bufore the wind, but was joined by another hhip vtauding ftxnii 
the land. Nmliiug could excec<l the Btcadiness and good condurt of th«' inl 
liei>l»'niinl, Mr. C'nwiui, the whide of the ofticern mid ship's company 1 have th* 
honour to eommiuid; nod I ha>e great pleasure in informing yon not one penoo 
Wiw hurt, or tlie rigging the least dnmagi'd. 

1 hiive the honour to bc^ Sar. &e,, 

I)'AncY PaKkToii' 
P'S. — I beg leare tu aJri how much obliged I am to Captain Moitliuid, who i* oa 
bouil, H pw^srngrr, to join his ship, for hi« »ery gKOt »s<)istjiuue on the i\nmtn- 
d«ck during ihts action. P. [\— London Gazelle, of ittih February, 1707. 

r. 38,] 



Dme orders must turn up before I cnn probably collect my 
ips, I shall endeavour to call on you in the forenoon, 
tlieve me, dear Sir, 

Your much obliged, 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From Clarke aud M' Arthur, rol. i. p. ;U1.] 

Lo Min«n"e, 30tU Decembpr, ITOfl. 

I am honoured with your letter of the 28tb, and have most 
riausly attended to every part of the very wise reasoning con- 

juned in it: the difficulty of your deciding on the contrary 
lere of Government, and of guessing what may be their iu- 
itioas at present, I clearly perceive.* But my instruction! 
tm Adn^iral Sir John Jervis, both written and verbal, are so' 
i»ar, that it is impossible for me to mistake a tittle of them, 
the sentiments of my Conmiander-in-Cliiof; and 1 am 
jrefore ready to meet the responsibility. I am jwsitively 
icrcd to execute the King's instructions for carrying the 
jops to the places destined for them. 1 am advised that the 
ritish Fleet will never come to Porto FeiTajo, and that all 
Naval establishments here are to be immediately with- 
iwr>, which I shall do as expeditiously as possible. 
The King of Naples having made a Peace, the Admiral 

>ttstderB his business with the Courts of Italy as terminated; 
"and that the point he is now instructed to attend to is the 

rotection of Portugal; therefore the utility of Porto Perrajo, 
fiu* us relates to a safe place for our Fleet, is at an cud ; 
jat its further political consequence may be, does not come 

rithlu tisc sphere of ray supposed knowledge; nor of what 
ay happen both in Portugal and Gibraltar from the want of 
Army. I have sent to collect my Squadron, and as soon 

[ ♦ C<'U»'rul tl<« rtiirgli di<l n<il lliiiik lihiiHt-lf iintliori;rtMl lo jbitjidoii Pnrlu Ferri^o 
U« hml rtet\\tfA pjn'citir rnotioux lo iliiit pfren ; nitil in (lio L*>lter to Com- 
NcIm))!, lo wliicli tlio nbovc wt»-< tlir ccph . lie siiid ; — '* I will lU thf «tinns 
t)M tltal my only tnulivv fljr iirpug liKlny, nrifv* (Voni a wUb to Imve my 
iliiiirx in kouic meobun; <iiucUonrd hy oi-drrt vtr ongbi lo expect. <uh\ I>s im 
from iLU iilca llinl itr iii^Hisl tlic service by utiiyitii; bi>rc' for 1 Lnve nJwin* 
oinriion, th»i i!ir> signing of ii Nrnpiilitun prtu'c mth Fnwcci <»nglit In lie 
lal far ilcpiutii«>."— C'/n/ir and MKlrihur, \a\, i, p. lUI. 
Y 2 

as they an-ivc, unless I sliouIJ receive other orders, I ahal! 
myself for embarking the troops, stores, &c. ; aiid sliouJu ^,„.. 
decline quitting this Post, I shall proceed down the Mediter- 
ranean with such Ships of war as are not absolutely w: 
for keeping open the communication with the Coutu- . ' 
supposing the Eaem}' to have no more Naval force iu th 
neighbourhood than at present. 

I am, &c, 

HoBATio Nelson, 


[TItf fiilluwiug Memoroiultt, in Nelson's owu liiwil, occitr in ilie KvUoii T'<>i 
'I'lieT arf withciiit u dnt«, and it in impossible U> ascertiiin tn irhitt |iiv<' 
llirv 1>p|onR. Th«y «rore, however, wriuiiti ItclbrB die loss of his iinu in JuJ> 1 
nnd ]iroliiil>l.v while in tlie C'n]>uun, iu April or Maj of UiiU ^car. The A»X« i* 
inporlniit ; bnl hm > specimen of llie aUeution wliifli he piud to lirtaih, »iul of 
lialiil of arrftiigciaeut oiid of conuuiiting evcri'tUiug to iiii(Mfr, Uifjr tm dricrdn| 

Healthy, fourteen ; in the Sick List, three men, objects 
invaliding. — Necessaries to the 19lli June, only. 

Provisions for nine weeks full, of all species, except 
of that only thirty-nine days. 

C)ne hundred and thirteen tons of water, beef very i* 
pork sometimes shrinks in the boiling, the rest of the provisi<~»>^ 
very gooil. In cutting up provisions. Master's Male, Bo^^*; 
swain's Mate, Captain [of the] Forecastle, Ctiplain [of il'*^. 
Tops, and Quarter-masters. Pretty well supplied with siot''*^^ 
rigging and sails in good order ; two pair of main-shrouds d* 
in the eyes. 

Eighteen rounds of powder filled ; plenty of wads, 

Hull in good state. Knee of the head supported by t 
cheeks. Masts and yards in gootl state. Pretty well stor« 
Captain and FtnsT Lieutenant. 
Watchts, three. In five divisions: well dothed. 

Sixiy-six. — Lent sixteen. 

A. 38. 



[From Clnike and M'^lrtLur, vol. i. p. HiH.] 

La Miuenc, Isi Jaiium}', 171)7. 

My dear Father, 
)n this ilay I atu certain you will send mc u letter ; niaj 
Uiatiy, very many happy returns of it attend you. My hite 
Action will be in the Gazette, and I may venture to say it 
■ "W^ what I know the English like. My late prisoner,* a dc- 
scemlant firom the Duke of Berwick, son of James II., v/ixs iny 
\m\e opponent ; for which I have returned him his sword, 
and sent him in a Flag of truce to Spain. I felt it con- 
sonant to the dignity of my Country, and I always act as I 
feci right, without regard to custom : he was reputed the best 
Officer in Spain, and his men were worthy of such a Com- 
inauder; he was the only surviving Officer. It has ever 
pleaseil Almighty God to give his blessing to my endeavours. 
[ "ith best love to my dear wife, believe rac your most dutiful 

Horatio Nelson, 

[From Clttrltr (uid M'.^rllinr. vol. i. p. H-L'i.j 

Porto Fi-rr;yn, .Tnuuary L'lHi, L7H7. 

expect Sir Gilbert Elliot here every hour, he goes down 
b Gibraltar with mc ; he is a good man, and I love him. As 
peace, I do not expect it. Lord Malraesbury* will come 
as he went; but the people of England will, I trust, be 
vigorous for the prosecution of the war, which can 
alone insure an honourable peace. Naples is alarmed at 
lera. The French Minister is travelling thither witli a ti-ain 
>f 300 persons, a printing press, &c., and a company of corne- 
lians, &c. The Pope has not made his peace, and is most 
sriously alarmed.' Yours, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

* Don Jm^oIk) Stniui, Cniiiiiiii of (he Siibiiiu. 

* I.urU MiilmrsliiirN w»s h«ui m I'wLh lo uegulinle a Pence, but m NcUou ami- 
lipdlml. " mnic book nt lie ircot." 

' Uh iIk^ 'i'ftli nf Janimrv, Mr. CJravr*, llie Briiisli ArcuI hi I<<iine, itirnrni<><l i.'iim 
iore Si-lniiu iLm iill the t>ori« iu Ibo DumiuiMiis of tJic Pui>e wltu upeii tu Uie 
gliiib .ISlupv. 




f Aitto^rst>b, in lUe Nekoti Piqwra.] 

l.» Mirifnc I*iirt ri-nriri .InHTiitry 13lli, I'W7, 

My dear Brother, 

Alihoiigh I know I con tell you uominjr more than my 
public letters will, of our actions, yet I feel you like to receive 
a private one, merely if it contains only, • We are well, 
which is literally all I can write, for what i8 post ihc Papen 
tell you — wliat is to come, 1 must not. However, if self- 
approbation is a comfort, which I readily admit, I am receiving 
inexpressible pleasure to bo received in the way 1 ever liav« 
been in this ('oiuitry, and particularly since our last busincs. 
You love particulars : therefore for your private journal I sbw 
relate some circumstances which arc most flattering to me and 
make our Action stand amongst the foremost of any this wht. 

When I hailc<i the Don, and told him, 'This is an English 
Frigate," and demanded his surrender or I would tire into him, 
his answer was noble, and such as l^ecamc the illustrious 
family from which he is descended — ' This is a Spanish Fri- 
gate, and you may begin as soon as you please.* I have no 
idea of a closer or sharper battle : the force to a gun the 
same, and nearly the same number of men ; wc having tvro 
hundred and fifty. I asked hira several limes to surrender 
during the Action, but his answer was — * No, Sir; not whilst 
1 have the means of fighting left.' When only himself of all 
the Officers were left alive, he hailed, and said he could fight 
no more, and begged I would stop firing. The next Frigate 
was La Ceres of forty gims, who did not choose to fight much: 
not a mast, yard, sail, or rope but is knocked to pieces. 
Main and mizen masts with main yard nre new, and every 
shroud and rope in the Ship fore-mast and fore-yard are fished- 

On my arrival here, it was a ball night, and being attended 
by the Captains, was received in due form by the General,* 
and one particular tune' was played : the second was ♦ Rule 
Britannia." From Italy I am loaded with complimenlsi — it is 

• He Biirijrh. 

■ rr^rliH|K •• Ser the Couquering Hero," &c., iLe uusf of which he niii^ noi, fron 
modi-»lv, have likrd lo writf. 

I tiue, these are given on the spot ; what England may think I 
lluow not fVe are at a distance. In about a week 1 Bhall 
[be at sea, and it is very probable you will soon hear of 
[another Action, for I am very much inclined to make the 
ms repent of this war. You will not fail to remember me 
idly to Mn. Nelson, your children, Aunt Mary, who I 
ihall rejoice to sec, all our friends at Swaflham, &c. ; and be- 
ieve me ever 

Your most affectionate brother, 

Horatio Nelson. 


AittogTft|i1i, in the [iiiNHesMou of .lolin Luxfurtl, Ksti. Mr«. PoIIaiJ wm tlic 
Mr, I'oUkrd, a Mereliniti at Legbom, to w)ioitt many of NclsoD'a Iclteri wtiltf 
ictrii. Whru the Engtish urere lirircn from Legbora, Mr. uul Mn, I'olUrd pro- 
to Nii{iteK.j 

La Mincrre, Jnnauj '■^•'^Ui, 1TQ7. 

My dear Madam, 

any thanks for your kind remembrance of me. The box 
is very handsome, as is the sample of Naples ware you sent 
jne by L'UtJle. It is just the thing I wished ; and if any 
porttmity offers, I wish to get it here, when Captain Fre- 
mantle will, I hope, take care of it, I beg you will tell 
Pollard I am verv angry with him, for fancying I had, in any 
way, or at any time, neglected his interest or convenience ; 
so far from it, I assure you, my opinion has ever been uniform 
that I think him a most honest merchant ; and that was [what] 
we all at Ix?ghorn [thought] ; and [if] I had any interest in 
naming Agents,' I should certainly name Pollard as one. 

I Besides, my personal obligations are such to him, that I shall 
not readily forget. I freely forgive his strong language to 
Cockburn about me, as my heart tells mc I am perfectly 
innocent of the charge he has laid against me. I am glad tu 
boar Naples agrees with you ; and very soon, I believe, Leg* 
horn will be at liberty. In every place, and in every situa- 
tion, believe mc, my dear Madam, 

Your most obliged, 

Horatio NBLeoy. 

* ForPrlMi. 




Since writing my letter, I have seen some very handsi'mo 
things which Frcmantlc has; and have, therefore, to ! 
thai, us fur as ten or twelve pounds, you will buy foi ^i-. 
Nclsou some fiilk shawls, particular large haodkcrchicJs of 
silk, and such other pretty things as a most elegant woman 
may like. Pray, excuse all this trouble, and believe me ever, 

Your obliged, 

Horatio Nelsox. 



[Autogrftph draught, in tlii) Neleon rnpers.] 
Lrt Miuo«c, Pi»rt« Fcith|o, [nhotil '^(Hh] .iMumrj-, 171MJ [I'lOr] 

Tlie whole of tlie Ships of War which Sir John Jervjs lia& 
appropriated for the ser\'ice of the evacuation of this place being 
now either in the Port or near approaching it, I have therefore 
to request that yoii will be pleased to inform me, with as Utile 
ilclay as possible, wlieihcr it is your intention to embark the 
troops and stores now here, or any part of them. 

Slionld your answer be in the affirmative, every measure 
fchall be tJiken by me for the speedy arrival of the troops in 
Gibraltar and Portugal ; and should it be a negative, in that 
case I shall, according to my instructions, withdraw all oor 
Naval stores and establishment, and as many Ships of War as I 
think can possibly be spared Irom the service which may be 
required of tliuni here, our Fleet being now particularly in- 
structed to attend to the preservation of Portugal. 



[Froui o Copy in the. Adniiraliy. CommoJorc NcIhou ?<iuleil frcm Porio rem^u 
in Ln Mluprvc ou ilii; ']tHli nf JniinaTj- I'DT, nnd procet'ilwl to ircnumiitrr Tcnilon 
mill L'iutIiBf,Tnn, oil (iIk iray to Gihroltur, luiil iLencn to LiMbon, ii> join Aitmiral 
Sir .Inhii .Iirvii. TLp HmniiliiH, Cn|ittuu Oforge Hoj*. tlto SoutLnniiiton, Optaiii 
Mactmnmrn, mid sonie oilier VesgelM of Wnr, in cliRrge of n convoy of TrHrin(<<nrt*, 
also Miikd for llinl pliwe, but lli^y were dirtied to foiin two divJHlmis luid In |«k» 
diflrnut rour*c», xu ibni iiue of llieiu might certmnly «ncftpe ilip Euetnjr* Flc«t. 
On bouJ I,* Minrnc. Sir Gilbert Elliot, littn Vice Hoy of Corsioa. Monsr. Po««o JLg 
Borgo (who liiul )kvu 9pfn'Uiry of Siiitc iu tliM Island under the Briliitli Govwru 

JLl. 38.] 



^m. c'A nim vtu animnutU bo »cU Juiowu ft» a ili|iloiiuau(), aud Mvtinl petsonv' 
Mjur wiTC cmborkt-d. Ili« I'riviitc ^crrtory. Mr. Hwlmm, nid 
KT mirp m<iii ill (lie ItomiiliiB, but on her luriTal id GibraJtM 
rtrfjiMol Uifjr CUicf ou buiud La Mluenrf.] 


L> Minerrc, Porto Femjo, Jiuitmry ^Ath, 17tti 

Although I hope to be with you before Soutbainpton, yet 
U b possible that may not be the case, as I mean to look into 
ioulon, ilahon, and Carthagena, that I may be able to tell 
Ijouthc apparent state of the Combined Fleet. 

Tlic General having declined to evacuate Porto Fcrrajo,' 

you will observe by the copy of the letter transmitted 

Icrcwiih, I have, notwithstanding, vrithdrawn all our Naval 

itablishment from this place, having fii"8t coujpletcd every 

^hip til as much stores as her Captain pleased to take. Every 

»nspori is completely victualled, and arranged, that every 

aldier can be embarked in three days. 

The way in which I have sent down the Storeship and 

ilphin, as also the ('onvoy, eight or nine Sail, with my 

itcotiou of looking into the Enemy's ports, I hope you will 

J*provc of. 

1 shall not enter into further particulars till I have the 

►Xiour of seeing you, but believe me, with the greatest respect. 

Your most obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

P.S. I have sent orders for Pallas to join you by the Dido 
kI Southampton, and have left similar orders at this place. 

» Toloiti-l Driukwiuer says, " On ibe 'i7fli Dcwmber, NpUon nitcbvil Purto Fci" 

»!«• Olllrf-ft Elliot w(w then »bsput oO lit» vi»il lo llic Tluliiuj Stiilos, lint 

flic<? of till- Conunodorf's luriv*! wns immedjntely *«-0t tn hiui- On Uie 

of tin" VicrRoy lo Klbn, n ritiwiiluiiijii wii-* held lii'tweeu Sir (illliirtl F.lliol, 

jHtttrn>iii-<irnvnil dr BurRh (who commiuidi-rt the TmopH), luid Cominodnn" 

(i-J«nn, rp«i]i(riiiig iho l»t»> nnltr* from Ooveriiineut at home, wiiirh Nelson hud 

rlj Kjii'cinJIy iii|inlcd by iiif AilmimI to cnrn inlo oftent. The suliject w»g one of 

iy. itivoMn({ miuiy intprcMo, nnd bad of nini-^e ihf most dflibcrntc 

tlm rpsuh of wliirh wiw thai, niidcr friMing rirciiinKtiinrrx, it wiis 

i*! nf iiBTnniniiiii impnr(Aii»< thu Ihc BritiRli Troops Nhoilld, ilolviriiliKUudiug 

wtdi-nt, onntilili« iu poneiftnion of ¥A\m until Ills Mivjcstj-i Miuiator« could li> 

ti of the nuuiy oogvut reiuuns (br tk&t coazN of proceeding." — Sarra- 





Ships left at Porto Ferrajo : — 
Inconstant Rose J Giin-boat*. 





[From ClRTke knd M'Artlinr, vol. i. p. Bi3.} 

My next letter will probably be dated from Lisbon, irhew 
I hope to arrive safe with my charge, but in war much is left 
to Providence : however, as I have hitherto been most suc- 
cessful, confidence tells me I shall not fail : and as nothing 
will be left undone by me, should I not always succeed, roy 
mind will not suffer ; nor Avill the world, I trust, be willing 
to attach blame, where my heart tells me none would be due. 
Sir Gilbert Elliot and his suite, amongst whom is Colond 
Drink water,* go in La Minerve, therefore 1 shall be sure of ft 
pleasant party, let what will happen. 

Yours, &c., 

HoRATTO Nelsow. 


[AtitogrnpL, in tlie posBcsitiuii of John Hnnlmiw, Efli). Findiiig ui CanLa^cw 
ibtt ibe Spiinlftli I-lecl knd li'ft iLnt Port, Cummodore Nrlnnn b^cuui- i-xtn<nw]/ 
nuxious to join Sir John .leriis. l,n Jktinene wrivfil at GilirnJtiir on i1m> (IUi of 
Fcbniiiry, wlieii Neliiou leunit tlitit t)ie Spoiiurds bud pitsspil ihr Rock, to tlu; mat- 

< Colonel Drinkiriu«r (who iilt«rwiird« MSiimcd tlia ttaaa of Beibune), ma 
«yc-w>t»(>!<* of tlie Onttlo of bt. Vinfx>ut: nd flnding ihu Sir John .ri<r*ie'« ofBeiit 
tt v«a " IJtilp cnlciilaleil to ip-nlifV tkn IcgilimnU' anxi(<t^' of th« KftCinn, ami 41il 
kot n;nH(<i' juHiii-v t<i Kclpon," he m>ic the Narbmivk nf (lint rrcni, to -wkifth Lofll 
Nelnou iinriii^ulftrly refers in tlm " Sk«cli oflii» Lite," ( vidft \nl. i. p. I3.> T 
ytry interesting Tmrtwas flrst |>iibli«hed nnnnymnuHlT, in ITl)7,anil nf^n, io lA4flt 
with tlic anthur's name, (thi- iirolit!) nf which he npiircipriiUtNl lo thr t^iuil* of Cte 
Nf>Uou Cohimu.) cutitleil, " A Nnnntirr nf Die BuUc. of St. Viiiccut, witli Anrnlolt* 
of N«laon, before and thtr tliat Battle," Colonel Drinkwatrr Bethiin« in ulno «rU 
known fnr hi* IliaUrry of the fiitge nf Gibraltar, of which lit wu tiipiMMed 10 be 
the lest Mirv-ivor. Uc died in JuinAT) liiiA, aged 8L 



, on the 6ili, aad hmi Mui U TerdUie wvd two ottaar SsO of the Uaa sal ■ 
le with Aur>)>liea for llivir LinM before Gibrallv, «Uflk 9Ht» vc» tbn aft 
»r at Uie lieiul of Uic Bay. tlii two Ltmi«Miil^ Oahwhowa tmi Hmij, 
Lq S»biu*, were iLwi yntcun* on hotii Lt TttaUm, kM oi noli^p 
ritig effcciMl, Uiey n-joioed L* MiBenrc. NeUon e««U inaiin aaly OM 4ir M 
]rilmlUr, and u* the Homula* wu left iher* for rtyain, ColoMi Driakwakr ww 
red to La Mimrre, uul ibe wmgbud iu tlie ioccaoon af Uie illb of Febnarj.} 

L« lOMn*. r^tntry UUi. I7ir7. 
Dear Sir, 

le Minervo was most certainly ready for aoL, and it is as 

J» tliat had Sir Gilbert been on boards the Minenrc would 

been at sea before the lee-tide made. HopcV 6ai|^ 

ided instead of Miuerve's. ^'ow the tide is made agMOSt 

therefore, I most heartily wish you all a good appetite, 

only beg you wilt be on board as early in the evening as 

lible — say eight o'clock — for I shall sail the first moment 

' ; but I fear a tctsta-fy wind. 

Yours most truly, 

HooATU) Nei-sox. 
^S. I took my leave of the Governor, and refused to dioe 
'on short. 


riu> prc((^din|r l/Hwr b llw iMt that baa bera kmai ntfl du BMll* «f tb 

tcri. wtKli look place tbm iay «ft«r li wm written. Bat arnM Toy fal** 

:iuice* occurrei! Lo thai abort iolrnat, wUab 0v fnf iiioally daanibed 

:ikvfi»ier'ii Sarrftlivf. 

fonti m l.n Minrrve xaiM fmm Uihnitar, «bawwpatiMJ by |> Tairfbia and 

]ier or the Hiiiiiii<li I.inr-uMiBiLlr Hbi|m. Tlie bawtacMt of the 8|Mml*b flblin 

Ingimihr Fiiv'Ue, sbeprefarH Ibraclioii; ud C'ul(/ii«l Drinlrw'atrrliavjiiirMk<>il 

do's opiaioii UK to thr {irobability of an eugagrmrnt. be <aiil be ihoiiglil It very 

fiUVt iwil lonkiiig np at Ui« Bniail Pviidjutt, addnl, ** Rnt hrtnm tl»« Pnn* HVt 

I nf Ibai bii of bniiting, I wtll bare a atniggle wilii Uiem, atiil inoner Iban give 

tie Krivrate I'll run ber aaborc.' Soon altof tbts eouver»aticm, Commodora 

DU ami Ilia gne«t« ^ai Aawn to dimxT, and wbile Colcntel Ihinkwaier wa» era 

Bg Ucntenaut iinnijr on bin \iciutf imi Irnigrr a PriMaoi'r of War, tlic a|»- 

enr wa« beani of *■ a man OTerboanl T' There in ]ier!ia|>« no paatafe Ir 

hbttury of mnre tbrilbng intemtt than tbc fonQwing atteotini af wlial Qtcn 

i ; — " Tbe Uffideti t>f tbe Ship ran on deek ; I. wub iilhen, raa lo the alani- 

9Wa to «ee if anilliinfr eniUd he ohflerreii of the unlbrtiinate nan; we faad 

jy reacbetl tbein Wfore we nolio«d the lowering of the jolly-hoat, {n wliicb waa 

turigliboiir HvMy, wUb a fuu of R<Uor«: niid before mau; »ecoiuU h^ 

, Captain George Hope, of tbe finimiius. 




rliifiHt-H, till! r.iirirtii of the ftiriutK, itrUicli ninM Kiron^y lo tb<f mit««iil,) kul 
curicil tlic jolly lM)ni ftir itRiern of \\n> FrigHte, lowftrdu llie Spatuvh Sliijt*. Of 
oourvc, the Uivt uljoct mu to recover, if poKi-iMe, tlie fnUcu miui, bai be «bh nncr 
*ei<n agniii. ilunly soon moiie a viipifkl lo tliat effect, ■ihI tlic inui «iks g\\rn up« 
lost. Tljc itltentinn of evrry iwrsoii wnx now tume<] to tlip siifi'ijr of Hnnlt «jid lin 
boiU's crew ; tltoir sitiinlioii wiu. extremely perilous, »nd their danger w*6 eiorj 
iD»Utit increasing, from the fiiAt ^iiiliiij; of the hendinost ^hip of llie ebaiw, wlusli I7 
IhlH time had iipproiw:he<l ueivrly wiihiu gun-shot of the Miiirne. The JnUr-boAi'i 
erew pulled ' might nnil niiiiit' to re^oiin tbe Frigate, btit Mppareutly nuule Utile foo- 
grexN HgiuiiNt the current of t)ie Strnit*. At this crifti-s NeNoii, riwiiig an uunrar 
look At tbe kuiuilouK Hitiiiitioii of Hiuily niiilluH oompaiiiunH, exdiiimed ' bj G— , 
rU unl loMP Hardy: ba>-k the iiiixeu t*.i|i8iul.' Mo tiooner KnJd tlion doiie; tilt 
MinerN'e'rt progress was retiird«'d, having' the current to cwrj- her dotm io»«nl» 
Hnrdy ar.d his puny, wlia seeing thin spirited Tiinnoe!i\Te to h«vp ihi;iu fmiu rvturuiiij 
to iheir iild qunrti-rit uii lioiud the Terrihle, natundl; reilouliled ilieii eaeili«n 
to rejoin the Frigate. To the l«iidsnieu uu l>0Aid the Miiier\-e an action nmri^- 
pcmwl to he inevilahle ; nnd so, it would n^ipeiu-, thought llie Kncniy, who HHT|iri*»d 
oud roiifoiinded hy tliiit daring muiicciivn* of tlit* Commodore, (Iteing igrtoruu uf llx 
oecidont tlint Iwl to it,) ninM Unw eonstmed it into n direct chiUlonge. Sot r«i- 
oeiving, however, n SpRiiiMh Ship of the Line to Im> au equal MaIcIi for ■ Briti*b 
Frigiite, with Nelson ou Iward of her, the Captain of the Terrible suddenly «hnrtr»iJ 
sail, in order to allow hii<. eonsorl to join liini, and thus afforded time for the Miutm 
til drop down to the joUy-hont to lake out lini-dy mid the erew; uud the luoninu 
tkfty were on board the Krignle, onlei'n were given again to miikc. sail. Being um 
under studding sails, and the widening of the Straits! allowing the wind to b* 
I'l'iughl more 011 tlic .Minerve'.i quarter, the Frigate soon regained the lout iltsltno*, 
anil iu a short time we hud tlte salisrncliou to observe that the dnstardly Duo n* 
left far iu our wake ; and at suuiict, liy Mtcering fiirther to the southward, we lirrt 
higlii of him and hii* consort ultogrlher." — Xiirriilifi',ji[i. 14, l.'». 

During the night of tlie II 111, La iMiuerve found heraelf aurroliuded liy aermt 
liirgi* Sliipft, which Nelson l>elievcd to be ihe Spnuiish Fleet, bnt from which lo n 
irieiiled himself with \u> usual sVili. Nothing wan seen of Ihe Spaniard" the urjl 
day, and on ihe l.'Uli, Ln Mincrve joined Sir John .lervis's Heet ; Sir Gilbert Kllitit 
and Cnwincidore Nelson immediiuety waited on Ihe AdminU, uu board the Vjcioiy, 
who, on leariiuig that the Euemy vw so near, made the !<>gnid lo " prepare /iff 

CoDUnodore Nekou then left I.aMinerre, and lioi.sted his Broad Pendant nn Itnari 
of hiu own 8hip, the t'nptuin, commanded by CaptaJn Miller. Rir Oillie.ri £llii« 
reqneHte<I to remain with the Adjiiiral iu the Victory, but wm« ref\tt)ed ; and be wllb 
Ills suite were trnitHferred to the Lively Frigate, C'ii|>tain Lord Gurlie*, who linil r,rdrn 
to (trucccd to Fnglaiid. Hit Johu Jervi», however, yielded to the jiiiui en 
hit Gilbert F.lliot and Lonl GarUefl, that the Lively might remain with r. 
until .<<be could carry homo the intelligence of tbe expected eugagemeut. ilun 
Bir (iilbert iuid Colonel Drinkwater beciune KpectatoR) of one of the mottt tiapttnwi 
eveiitH of their time, and tliuii too the Battle fortunately found an able hiNtoHan 

.\fi Nebion's ■' ItemRrks," iu pp. !14.0, ;U4, reliitc almost entirely to lii-H owu pn>r»«l 
iiigM iu the Caplain. it in proper to iiuert .Sir John Jenia'a Official DiapiitcU, milit* 
liitt of thi- two Fleets, shewing their comparative force, &c. 

r. S8-] 




rKr(-iii tUf •' I,omlon Gazette LIxtrnonlinary" of Uw Oi-d of Miurcli, 17f)7.] 

•' Victory, Ijngw Buy, Febnuiry l\ 171)7. 
•• Sir, 

l'**Tli0 liopc* of fHliing ill with the Bpuiitik Fleet, expi«a«ed in my lutwt lo you of 

l.ltb iiLMMit, w(<ri< coiilinnrd llmt iii^bt, by unr distinctly lieiuiii;; iLe n>|uirt nf 

«i(fniJ ijiiuji, and liy inltlligeiice received ft oiu Cuploiu Vuuiv, of lii* Migusty'* 

I the Niger, nliu lind, willi equnl judgment and pcrnvvimuKH-, kept rompjuiy 

tbpiu fur Hpvrral ilnvN, uu my prc^icribi^d r«-itdeKvoiis, (wliicti, (toiu ilie fllniiig 

ll-»iwl vriud«, 1 biul >kctV(t>- btten able tii reach,) aiid Ihitl Ibey were Dot niorr 

the di8luiu:v of tUrvc or fuur Ieiigiicr4 IVoni iia, I unxiuiisly uwailcd the dawn of 

jr. wlieu. I)cin>f on tin- suiiboiiiil titek, Cap* St. Vinopiit bouriiig ciiHt by nurlli 

iFttgiicn, I bo«l lln-' Hiilisfiicljon of seein({ a nniuln'r of Ships extending ftom 

utli-writt lu sonth, the wiud then ut west and by sonth. At fort}'-niiie nJi|lll(e^ pHbt 

, the weather being extremely haxy, La Buuuc C'iloyennr nuide tlic Kigiiul that the 

B^cn wi'1-e of the Line, tweuty-flve iu niiluber. lli« Majesty's Squadrnii 

(•r my coLuumiid, ciinsiitliiig of liftecn Ships of the Liii^, iiani^d in the uuiri;in.* 

[tily fuFRkeil ill the iitoNt eoiiiparl order of nailinK, in two lines. By riuT\'inf; n 

of H«i), I ■wan furtuunlc iu getlLug in with the i^^uemy's Fleet at liuirpast 

u o'riuck, before il hud time tu connect ajnl fiirnt a rej^ular Drder of finltle. 

a luumeut was not lo Iw IomI; and liunlUieiil in tlie skill, viUonr, luid diHoiplin(< 

ftlie Officer* and Men I hud the happiuesK to coiiunniid, tiiid judging that tlie 

of bin Mnjesly's annfl, and the cirenuiHtaiices of the War in tbesu was. 

|nired a eonsiderable degree of enttrrpiine. I felt luyself jiistifietl iu departing from 

■ rrgvilar system ; luid, piutHiug through their Fleet, iu a line formed with the 

nust uelerity. lacked and thereby separuled one-third fl-otn the luuiji body, after 

rljfti efljiounade, wliieh prevented their re jnnction till the evening; and by the 

great exertions of the Ships, witioh had the good fortune to arrive up with the 

vniy oa tlir lorbooid tack, the Sliip^ luuned in the nmrgin* were captured, aitd the 

c«ii9«d about live o'clock in the evening. 

I eiioloae the moni eorrrct li»l 1 have been lUile to obtain of the Spanish I'irot 

p««d lo ine, onioiuitiug to tweiity-seveu i^oil of the Line, oud an ac-cunnt of thu 

and Wounded in hi* Majesty's Ships, «a well a." in Uiose taken from the 

jr. Tbf inoineiil the latter (ulmoHt totally diaina-sted ) and hit) Majeeiiv'A 

kilM. the Captain and C'lilludeii, are iu n (ilute to jiul tu Sea, I Mhnll avail uyiielf 

flhc firnl favourable wind to proceed off Cajx" St. Vinoeni, in my way to Lisbijn. 

[ " Ccptniu Colder, whose able axKiiitiuire boa gitMly cotitrilinted to the public 

» Victory HW 

nritaunia I'K) 

Bttrtleur Oh 

Prince George . . . . W 

BleuLeiin Otl 

Nomur «<! 

Coptniu "A 

Uoliath .74 

Sidrmlordel Miindo. . . \Vl 
Sou JoB«f 11-J 

Excellent . . 74 

Oiion ... H 

CnllMSUH 74 

F.guiont 74 

t-uJloden .74 

IriBBislililr 74 

Diadem <> 1 

San Nicolas .... HO 

Snn Ysiclro 74 

^^m S34 




^^^^^ 8«rvic« iliirixig mj eonunond, is Uie b^wer uf Utis, and will more 

iMUtieularly dcwnV | 

^^B to Uie LonU CouunisBionm vt iLe AdminUry Uie inoreoietit;^ 

of tb« 

S<iii«di«ii at 1 

^^^^^ l!it iltli, iu)d the preMnl Mtte of it. 



"I am, 

Sir, tit. 1 



J. Jbiti».' 


, TUB 

I4ra ot 


nABDAar, 171)7. 

^^^^^k 8aatiMun« Trinidiul . 

. . lao 

Pclajo . . . 


^^^^^V Mexiciuui .... 

. . 112 

San Oenan 


^^^^^ Principe de Aaturiks . 

. . ll-i 



^^M CuuMpcion . . . 

. . UJ 

Baa Juan Nvpomttovao . 

. 74 

^^H CoiiJe do Begin . . 

. . 11;! 

Sao FranctMO da Paula . 


^^K^ Salvador del Mnndri . 
^^^K 8«u .... 

. I U taken 
. . IV4 tnkeii 

Sail Yaidro . 


8au Antonio . 

^^^^f Shu Nicoliu . . . 

. . Hi uken 

San Pablo . . 


^^^^ Ori«nt« ..... 

. . U 

Sau Firmiii . . 


^^H OlariuM .... 

. . 74 

Nepluno. . . . 


^H AlittUt« .... 

. . 74 

Bahama .... 

, . 


^^M CvnquestMlor . . ■ 

. . 74 

Name unknown [San DoDiingo] 74 | 

^^m 8ob«ni»o 

. 74 

Name nukuowu [Terrible] 


^^^^^ Firnic . . 


^^^^^^^ "LIST or THE DniTiaa n,»T oppoasD to thk upaxisb 

, TBB 

I4Ta or 


riBBDABT, 1707. 





Aduiiral Sir Jolm Jervia, K.B.," 

^^^^^^^^ . . . 

. " Ist CapMin, Bohert Cidder , 
.'iiid CapLiuu, George Grey . 

. I 


^^^^^^^^ BritumiR . . 

fViee-Adiuinil I'lioinpsou . . 
* I^Caplniii Thomun Foley . . 
/-Vice-AiliniriU lluu. Wiiliaui 



^^^^1 Biirdeiir . . . 

. J ■WiUtlogrBve 

I^Cupiaiu James RicUord Dacrrx 
Bear-Adjnirul Willinni Parker 
^CapUuti Johik IrKiu ... 

. (1 


^^^^^1 Prince George . 

. f\ 


^^^^H Blenlteim. . . 

Tliomos Lenox Fmleriok . ■ 



^^^^^1 Namiir . . . 

Jiuiiea Ha«rkin« NVliiUikeil . . 

. 'i 



CouitjKidore Nelson ... 


^^^^^1 . . . 

■ ' Cnptair Knlpli Willett Miller 


^^^^1 . . . 

Sir Clinrles H<>iiry Knowle(« 



^^^^H . . 

CMthlH>Tl ColUiigwood . . 



^^^^^H .... 

.Sir .Tames Smuunrtz 


^^^^^H . . . 

Gertrg<> MniTttv ... 



^^^^^1 Egmoni . . . 

Cttptftin Jolin Sultoii 


^^^^B . . . 

Tlioians Triiul>rid(fL' ... 



^^^^^p ]rrc!QBU1ile . . 

Oeorg<> Martin ... 



^^^^^ Dindeni 

George lU'nry Towry 











" OrTicsiiB KrLiBo. 
ftMin. — H«Oor Wtlliain NottIb, of the Marines ; Mr. Junes Godincli, Hiiblup 

EsMllAnt. — Mr. Peter Vetfew, Bonuwun, 
ilodcn. — Mr. G. A. Liriuftstonc, Lieutenant of Msriues. 
istiblc.'— Sergejmt Watnon, of tbe Mariues. 


&b*tm. — Mr. Edward Sibby, Acting Liciilenout ; ^[r.^Pe•coek, Boatswain ; Mr. 
tpb WlxoJi. Master's Matp, since Jcml. 

Saptnin. — Commodore Nt>l8on, bniJHeJ, but not obliged to quit the deck; Mr. 
ingtou. Boalswaiu, wounded iu buarding the Sau Kioohw ; Mr. Tlioma^ Liiud, 

Sscellent. — Mr. Edwnn! Augustan ^ow^l^ Miviter's Mate. 
>ri(in. — yit. TLoiua<) Mansol, Midsliiptriun. 

^isulilc. — Mr- Andrew TUonijwon, lieutenant ; Mr. Hugh M'Kinnon, Master's 
I : Mr, WIIHiuu Balfour, Mid^thiinoan. 


|4tu OP riBBCABv, 1707: 

Sua Ysddff.. — 1 iJfficrre, 2.'j Artillerists, Seamen, and Boldierv killed ; H Offieeni, 
|>Artllli'ri'«i«, Ac., wniinJcd. 

lT»dor dfl Munrlo. — 5 Officers, .17 ArtiJleriiitB, See., killwl; .1 Offleera, 181 
■ts, Jce., wounded. 

Nicoln^.— 4 Officers, UO AKtUerisls, kc, killed; 8 Offloen, 61 Anillcfitta, 

Ian Jose.— 3 Offleera, 44 Artillerists, ke., killed ; A OAcen, 01 Artillerists, &e., 

F^'ote. — Amonitr the killed is the General Don Francisco Xavier Winlhuysen, 
' D" Kseiulre." — Lnntiim Gillette Extrttordinavy, .'Ird Marob, 1797. 

Biigli tlnnv were two Vice, and one Rear-Ailuurol, and a Commodore in the 
t, no iiiber Onirpr waw mentioned in f5ir Jolni .lerris' Dispatch than Captain 
Jer, the First Cnptniu of tin- Victory, lorCnptiiin of the Ileet, ) aftfrwiirda so 
ki>OM-n OS Adniiruj Sir Rubrri C'ldder. The ouuMMJun of the Flog Offirors was 
(lanal, tta Uie lutal dJMvjfiurd shewn to the brilUaiit services of NcIhou, Tronbridgr, 
injrwood, and Frederick, was Hiyiuil. That itgiuiiicc wa-s however, itcuiinlly re- 
lieil liT \\k fdUowiuff Priviilv Letter to Eiu-1 Spencer, tlie First Lonl of the Adrai- 
j, dated on lOeh of Febniary ; but, as it did not a|iprfti' in tlic " Loiidon Ciuelti'," 
Van n ver)' iiiailr<]iiat« compel iKati on to their wounded fcflings; — 

" 1LM.S. Victory, in Lagos Bay. lUth Fchraary, 17U7. 

« My Loi'd. 

'TliP correct condoet of every Officer and man in the Sijtiiulritn on the 14th inst. 
In it improper in dt.itiuj^tiisli one more than nnotber in my puldie Letter, becauso 

1 conthhmr that Lad tho!*e who were least iu action been in the sitiisLion of the 
uinittc few, iheir l>el(iivinur would not have been le»« merilorinini; yet to your 
dnhip it becomes nie to Htiite tlinl Captain Trnnliridg<\ iu the CnllrMlen, led the 
Badrou ttimngh the F.neniy in n masterly «tyle, and lacked Ihc inntunt tht Sigmd 

.aiot wn» );allantly Nupportful by (he Ulpuheim, I'rince George, Orion. Irresistible, 

CflloMu>. : the ijuier hwl ber fore and fore-lop-ftail yanU wonnded, and they 
Muuiitely broke in the slings in, which threw ber out, and imjieded tlie 
^BV nf th* Victory, 




" i'liHitniMluri! Nrlson. who wm in tlic rear audi* stobosd iM^k, uxik tl< l-J mi 
tbr UrUoiird, au«i I'ontribnU^d vtirv mucli to the furuinp of the 1U5, iia i! 
CoUingwoiHi ; luiil in llie cluxf, th« ^lui JuKpf uuti 8nii Sii:oia» luiYing U 
n»c\i otlicr. the rA|>iiiin liiicl theiu on board, nUil Cofibiiu Berry, wLa h. 
volniitPtT, entered Kt llip lictil of the boitnli"rs, and Coimnodorc Nei»i, 
iminiMlinielv. aiiil took imss^ssiou of them bolb; Ihv cri|<}ileil NtJUr of tl< 
wul uf the Cuptniii, eiiUuiglod u> iUey wer<^, aiiil tlmi |iiirl of litc Kiuu.,, . 1 ...^ 
wliieb haul brrn k«^t uH* in the maniinp I as dp*cribed iu ilue ]i(iblie Uuer 1 juiUfif 
»t Uir iuslnut, it becuiuc m-<'.r.*i«iu7 Iu rnlk'Ct ihi- S<|iiwin)ii, In miM an alVfmfi l« 
wrvtt th»i«e Sbi[n, <ui<l ttie ^Salvador del Mtiudo and tbo :>iui Ysidru, tVriiii ua, nliitli 
occasioned the discontinnaurr of the Airtiou. 

"Tbe F.ncni\ hH.1 itiill iwcuty-tMii Shi|i» of the Line ami tiinr Frigate* iaequli' 
liuii fur iipr\ic-e off Cuft St. Yiiwent, nnd tbe moment our daioaged ^" ' 
rr^Muri'd, luid (vroprr jiiry-mnst!), tic., misicil i>ri board tlie Prizes, 1 itltal] f" 
inv way t<) Lisbon. Tht' Bhipn' rrlnrm «jf killed and woimdcd, allhongrb ■■ 
the criterion of tbi-ir Inking morp or Irsi in Artiou, i«, iu tliis iu»tiuir«, c- 
If I siiccpp*! in (fi-ltini? our Trophies into Ihe Tngos, it is my intention 1.; jiii" 
Ma<iit«ni and C'omtnandiirs in tlieui lUI. l.'A(itiun IlAUotreU, whose condnct on hoorl 
tint Victory (liiiiug llir Anion has made hiui more dear to roe ih«in lipforr. 
litis Mort of service on account of tlie idleness it is likely to pr(Mluco, ) ;. 
the g;reatc«i Ctivoiir yoitr LordsUip can oonlcr on mo, tlioi you will hutv the i,'acrdtic« 
to givt< him the mmmaiiJ of 11 large Frigntc, mauurd, and ullow luin tu •err« iuy«r 
ny Cotnmiiud. 

'* It is with great mpngnaiice i say luiylhing (n your Lordkhip aboat jvomMiOM, 
knowing how iniioii yon muitl be jircsHcil upon iit home; but Commodcirr S«)>«a 
being nncdtumonly nnxiottx to rewortl LifUtenanm Spicer tiud Noble, tliL- fumurr uii* 
Pinit of the t'aiitiiin, uud the Intter mcsl deNiienitely wiiiuided in the bellt aatf 
shoulder on buurd Ijt ^tiner^e, in her Action with the Sniiimi. in addition to « ckot 
h« gut in his iieuk on the i'oasi of Genoa, liii> father an Oflir«r in the Army, and • 
brother a Midshipman in the Navy, Luring died on ^er^ice in thi' West Indini.wiU, 
1 iniKt, excuse luy nnminx them to yon n oeooitd time. Sensible as I am of ibt 
jnKt attention paid to the merits of tdl who have hnpi>eued to shore in suocesafiil 
Actions A^-iih the Enemy since yon have been at the heail of the Board of Adnundkj, 
J do not prettuine to cidl your attention to othem. 

" I have omitted to notice liiut Kear-AdmiriJ Sir WiUiiun Parker, whose Fl«gw»» 
on Uonnl the I'rince George, in the Van on both Tockji, made hU Signals in a »mj 
oWuer like manner ; for the rest I beg leave to refer yon to Captain Calder, wUo b 
Uioroughly inasiler of the Hiibject, ajul ( desire to rerommend him and C'aptjiiu Ofrt 
\o your prutei'tjon. 1 hiul a conversation with Admiral Wuldegravi' on llrf luUrCI 
«f his earning u dupliciue of tliosic Disitmchcs. whiuli. an then? cjisled n possibililT 
of our briiifdng tlie Sjiani.Mh Fleet to action a second time. h« very riuiiinpndBbly 
declined; pcrlmps your Lord^thip will think it due to him 10 send the Haiuni't lo 
Lisbon, to convey him, Ids suite, and baggjvgr, (rnther too iiinuh for • Frigate,) to 
Englniid. I have the honour to be, &e. 

" J. J carts.' 

No one can renil that Letter vrithout being iinn'riReil that the piiragmph<i at ll> 
commenoenient, re«i)eciing Captain Troubiidge nnd ConimiMlore Nelson, did not fliid 
their pmpitr place 411 the Public Dispiileli, Cvcn in this Private Letter only on* of 
lUr fbig Oflicers is prai-cd fur his eoiiducl in the Action, aiul h<- merely ftr 
'• having made his bignol^t in a very < illieei like uinuiier. " Tliix wiliiholding of itraia^ 
is the UKTc, from Lord 81. Vincent having, ou OlJier occa.sions, in gir 

r. 38.] 



leliiifi, txpttftaail Itis ailmirHiinn of gnlliuitry and good ooiidnct in (lie ittrougedl, 

«oiuptiiDc~- ia exirnvit^iiut tertn«. 

yrJuliii ItMTriw, on« of the Secrelttrics to ilie Admiralty, (.whose antLorlly on 
I point is vrry lii};li.'| Hlatcn, tiiat " It in kunwii itiat in .lertiH''* originnl letter, 
'. giren to Nelson »ll due praise, but was [irevftileJ on by Sir Itolii-n C'»tWrr. 
-Hptiilti ur lUti Fief I, to giiliHtjtiite another iu wliicli it wiia loft nut, on liic 
iLnt OS Nelson hiid ilisobctpd the nif^ial of reciill. [Uic signal to im;k,3 an; 
J«gjt on hiK coudnci wiiiijj t'licoiiragtt otlitT Ofllcers Kr do ilie »anic, whUc the e»- 
laitc praise nf unu iodiTidual would nnt an a diiJCoiira^Muvnt of Ihfi rc»t ;" anil Sir 
ftarruw *ery justly adds, " Tht snr|irisi? is, liiat a uiaii of Lord Si, Vincciil'* 
«h<)uld not have detected ihu lurking; jealou-<y that gave ritii< to HUth a 
ettdatiun." — {Life uf Ailmirul Enrl IJiiifr, p. 241).) The NUrprisc is, liow- 
fWiU grcBter tliat a man so |MO-pminent]y distinguished for flrmnc^ii and s*lf- 
npnt a.<> T.or«l St. Vinrcrit, should haM^ yielded to a rrconuurndiilinu to not 
Jy. liot tu Nelson oiJ\; but to his Adiuindit, and to Ihe ('ii|ilaiitA wito linti so 
Jy di«iiugni>thcd theuif<clves. Thia sni-prise will be i)irn>aM*d, when it is reiucni- 
llial, " aAer the haille, Sir.lohu.ler>is rcctived NeUoii ou the ■(iiariin-deek of 
>Viclory,took hint iuhi« arms, aaid hecoulduotMifficiently thrvuk hini.and iniiinled 
keeping llie sword of the Spauish Bear-AdniiraJ which he iiail tio bravely won." 
utoii'n Lift- and Ciirrt'iJOHiktirr: (</" tht Eurl of St, VinicHt, Vol. i, p. Ill:} ; iiud 
3-tU, post.) Another of Lord Si. V'ineeiiCs biogiikpht-n reUlcit a pitiiinnt. 
for the reason ufterwanls i«laled, an hnjHiriiiHl anecdote of the Admuoi anil hie> 
«t Ca{ilaiii: '• In the ereiiiiig, tvliile talking over the CTcnii* of the dm, Cupiuin 
liiuied that the tpontaneous inansuvTP which carried those tlmt/ulmiiin hvlli, 
■on and Collingwood, into the bniut of Imttle, was an unauthorized de|MUiure 
Mi Conintodiire from the prescribed mode «if atlnek! ' It certainly was so,' re- 
Sir .lohn Jcrrii, ' and if ever you eoimuit such u breairh of your orders, 1 will 
if < you also.' The fluttering reception wLirh, immediately after the Action, Sir 
Jems had given lo the Comraodorf*. is well known." — (Tttcker't Memoir* of 
8l, Vincent, voi. i. p, 202.) 
tiutigh the Comiuander-in-Chiers praise of his Oflii-erH wa*; cold and piivnte, 
eir and laa rewards were great and general. Parliament voted tlieni it^ llinnks 
the luoat cordial manner. Admiral (of the Blue) Sir .lohn Jervia was created 
jn .lenw, of Meaford, in Ihe county uf Stail'urd, Hud Earl of St. ViiierJil, 
cut, on the 27th of May, 1707, to him and the heirs mole of his body, 
ith a priiKinu of £;|INI0 a-yeor, ViceA<hijiral (of tire Bine) C'harl«y* Thoinp- 
aon, and Itt'ar-AitniiriJ (of the Blue) WilLiaiu Poikcr, the M-eoud iiiid fuiii-th in 
eotuxnand, were made Baronets. Vice-Admirid (of ihe Blue) the llononmlde >Vil 
liom Waldfgrave, the tliird in cominaud, being a Peer's pon, and having tlms 
liii'litT rank Uian a Baronet, did nut immediately receive luiy lionourf<, but on ihn 
' .if Deeember, l^iQO, he was treated an Iriwh Peer, by the title uf Bar<m Kmlstork, 
'town. Queen's Connty. Commodore Nelson was invented with the Urder of 
iiih; Captain Robert Colder, the Cnptnin of the fleet, wa« Knighted; and 
tii.7 Niivol MediU, iuKtitutcd after Lord Howe's victory, in 1704, wiw given lo the 
Admirals and Commodore, and to the Captain of every Ship uf the Line iu the Fleet, 
being a very different principle of distribution from that ailopled in ITU-l, when Uie 
gBilttUt Cullingwood fomid liimKelf among thoDe excluded fruiii the distinction. Ilia 
r ->)>!< ooiidnei on being offered the Medal for Ihe llnttle of St. Vincent, im well 

i )>• elevation of Sir John .Ieni« to on EtiMom, for the Battle of St, Vincent. 
ii'ou often remarked upon ; but it is exphuned tty a letter IVom Lord Spencer, of 

toIm n. z 

338 ^^^ LBT'l'ERS. [Yltl. 

tlw Ui «>r Felitu«r>'. i;uT, toiiMMn 4tii9»Mbrc Uia Btttlc. latimadnf tb» Kia|^ 
iuu>iuion lo nuAf liini tn ilir P«>prag«, no ilini li« «m, in fltrt, • fiaro« wtwn tivM 
fought. — [Tiirkfri MimvirM of Enrl St. I'iitecitt, vol. I. p. 'i'ib.) 

To tlunt UeiuAtk* U U n^quUite to ulii •fimo obwsnitloQB on t)i« •fooiitiI uP <k» 
IkuUr. ill Mr. Jwiwh'h •' Savai JJUtfry," t* Ui»l writer liM T^nttuwl U> ^' '•'■' 
N«l>iuo'> IxilitiuiM luiil deuUii'in in w«uriug the Cniiliiiu, qiUtUng tL«> I 
■Uacking iiu> ht*vraT\[mn*t DWihwu nf iiuf Rpniiiab Fli***, v-wi not hin l 
tADMiiu aeti but jiroiio IVoiti « «ig7uil m*ilo bytlie Cutnin»ri4tfr-in-Clu4rf. Tl' 
tion, wUicli is nut only a detmctiun from iLo meriti of one of NcUou'a mn»t i-. .■>..-. 
K&l*luiia, bnt Ml impeKcluoetil uf liis -vermcitT, in, liotraver, wttLoat ike dli^lal 

In the iceouni of tli« prooe«diug« of tlw Captun on the lixh of Fcbnuny, aigail 
by Nalson, Captain Millvr. Mul Captaiu Biin7 (vide |i. 340, i*ost), It U Mid — 

" At oufl r.M'i tUe Captain Untiiig: paabimI tkv MornmoAt of tlto CiMny* BMpii 
whidi fortiiuil iliolr Vaii,ui<) port of Ibrir t>ntrc, connisting of tirvoni " * ' 

|j])i> — tlipy ou Itie litriiimnl, we un llio stiu-lioanl Liuk — llie AilmifKi : 
to tai>k in xuccrHftinn ; Imt I. perceiving the Sponiali Sliip« aJi to be«i ii|i itiotf iiir 
wind, or urtu-lv s». r^iilently with un intcniir>n of fgiming their Una going luf^ 
Joining th«ir Mipiintteil Di\ ixion, at iliat lime etigii(reil wiili xnine of our omitir Wfa, 
iir flyliiff front ui. — to prr\i!Mi ciiUcr of Uictr fclipmes from lolcijig eflfect. 1 onlflvt 
llio Ship (0 bp wore; ami panting belwcrn tttp I>iiidrm and Kxcelleut. at a qnorW 
put oUK h'oIimtV wm eugogvd willi ilio ItrudmojtU and, nf conntis iMntardmuat of tlia 
8pani»li Diviiiioii." Tliif> i» rrpentod in tko " Kcmarks," in Ni-Isun's aulogin^ 
(\ide p. :iii, poi>(.) cxcrpt tlml lie d'>CM not tb»r(> nifntion thai tlic Adminl lial 
made ihp «ijm»l '• lo lack." 

Mr. .Iiuiics'it kUitruiviit is as tutiows: — " At about 111. p.m., jiisl as t]u! rvamMt 
Ship of that pai'l of tbr Britinb Liue, which wna vtiU on thr StorboaiNl Tack, \tai 
ndvaucix] »ii fitr nbeail, aa lo leave an iipeu ten tu LeewanI nf (lie S|iaiiii>b irpatlier 
Divikiiiu, llieri passing in the controrv direction, Ihr ndvniiocd Sliipn of ilie lalt#r, M 
Ute last cfl'ort m join ibeir Lrp liivJHion, Imre up logpllier. Hcoreefv was ilje move- 
meoi niatle. iire it raugbi ihe atlentiuii of one. who won aa quick iu foreaeelng llw 
coui>equcuci<» of itc sucoess, as he was roadyi in obcdicnoe to ibr t|iir{t. if oal tit* 
U'lter, of a signal just uiuiic, in dovifiing ilie incun«« for its failure. Tltai algual 
(No. 41.) bail l«'.<u lioisiiMJ on buord tUo Victory, ai M tn. pitnt Nnou, and dinMteA 
the Ships of thu Fleut ' Ki lake »uiinb!c ttiitions for mutual lupporL, and viiKage lit* 
Eiiamy, ■» cuwiiig up iu siicreniiiiuu.'^ C'ommoilun; N«ii<nn, orcontinglv directed Ctf 
toiu MilK'r to wm tbe Captaiu." Jiuui'a ilirtu add* iu a note. " Tliai ilir Captain woit 
out of thtt Line in couipUaurti with luiy «if{nal is, wc know, contrary to r«c«i«ttl 
opiuiou, but the I'ullowing Htmids aa aii oulry iu the log-book uf a Rog-iihip tli«o 
at no great distnnoe (hjoi h«r, — * At 1, >)ir John Jervi;* laado tin* nigtial for tb» 
Englixh Flevt to fonn Line an most oonvciilent. Uu thi^, the Copiuiu pi-nfekod all 
Bail ttxtta her »luUou of tailing, and stood ou, and fcU into our Van, lUiaad uf iio.' 
Altliough the aignal here spKciHtnl waa No. ill, iiinteid ot 41, tlieiv ia every nmou 

' The Editor has lkil«d iu nhtniniiig the General Signal Book u»«d in 1707, tad 
in Hiiding a liHl of the Signals iniidn by the Viriory on the Uth of rebnury. Ia 
n^V, lite Code of Htgiinbi was i.i|iiingi<d, abon tlte aignal fur " Tb*) SIii|» Ut lake 
auiiablR Hiation*' for their uioIumI xiipporl, and engage the Kneniy oa lU»y fiei ap 
with dii-ni," lu'troaie "No, iH ;" and ibe Hignal to " form a Liui- 1>< Batik> aatcm aad 
ohowl of iho Admiral, as nmxt cotiveuiout from the nccideutol i)0»ili«in of tli» Sliipa, 
without rogond lo llio prcaoiibcd furui," bocoiuc " No. Hi," 

r. S8.] 



i|f|Kiritf> t1i*i the Idil^r, llie nmt Hif^nnl not linving l)4«oii tnnde «inCA 11 «.U., WM 
•I^jU to wl«ioli ilic entry liiiJ I'el'erencr." — Nnviil Jfiilut^, vo!, ii. p, il7. 

.Iter the HigntU ww " No. ;il," ur " Nu. 41," lltp |yi»p nf thiU Bliip (whoso 

iiujii<i|ierly witkhohl, liiit whieh witu |ini1iulilT lh«? Priiicv Urorn^, Kcnf-A)!- 

Il^tfkrr.^ ijooii not aiaK' (hnt in (<ot]!i«i{urne« of it« heiiig iti«de, ilir Ca|>(ain 

, rjnitiiHi ilie I.inn, iitiil pumuiNl a DiviMoii of the l''ni«nir'ii Flfi-t ; but it •l«t<?Ji, 

Iiu iloiihl the ai««,> " lliut »be miule nil nmI, li-O hrr stiiliuu in the I.iiie, iiiiil 

^ton. Mid ft'll into the Von. nhi-ml" of the miiJ l'l«g Ship; n \»ot'oMn^ p*rli'cili, 

M«n1 wilh thft oiifniil "No. 31," ** to form* iw nir>B( ("oiivi'iiinii," hut inenn- 

witit thit HijjriinJ, " No. 41," i.e., " lo take HlKtioiin fur mututU Miiiiiori," ico. 

June* thci«rarr not only «uppog<r< one siifniU wui aHolln-raigntii, but hr winht"* 

I b« brlirvml llml tlu< olf^nal wlilch h« tliink^ wiw wrongly dpnoriboil, leij lu nil 

iklutioii, toiKily itiflVreiit from that whioh the si|(i))il ("No. 31") is exprevMy 

ed to liftTo |iToHuoer1. ^fon'ovpr, how ean the procfediwg of tlie " Captuio," in 

iug HTi<l qnitting the Line, instenil of olipying the Adminil'* siginU " to twk," 

to 1* " in iihrdiriur to (he $pirit" of the ai((ilid " No. 41, to take nuilnhlo 

ioil« for uiutuiU iiiiiporl, luid vn^ngc Ihc Enemy on roroing op in gucocsnion f" 

r. .luitieV"; a*«CTtioii i» thus thrwnto liAvi- been mnilc without any Riilhorily 

sver ; nud it is provrd to be nnlnip by— 

nt, the " lloinarksi" »iguod by Cupliiiim .Miller and Bern', w well as by N«;1»OT1 

B^lf. and by tlip "' Iteinork* " iu Nelson's own autograph. Seeondli/, by ihf aibui*i.sion 

romnmiiihir iii-CMiief, as is shown by the two anecdotes just related, the rery 

ation of both of which is, iliat Nelson's procceilinps were unauthorized imd 

vpiliir; by, to n gront extent. Sir .Itphn Jervi^S privato letter to Lord Spencer. 

by Iti.i reception of Nelnou after the Biiltlf. Thinlli/, by the generid ndiniaaioii 

'the whole I'lect, oud, indeed, of the whole UritiKh Navy. Fuiirthln, by Captain 

MlinpwKod's letter, " yon fonned the plan of attack," ^^ride p. !140, post.) F^llhlij, 

Colonel DrinkwiUrr'.M Nnrniti\p. And, Sirlhlii, by it-t not In^jtig disputed in 

B4r-Adiniral Parker**. Stfttcment, addressed to Nelson, though thut Stafeun'ut was 

{ttett, becaii«(> Admiral Pnrker'a friend'* coiuidered that iti Nelson's Remarks on 

B«ttl)*, Parker h<ui not the credit that properly belonged to him. A copy of 

ural Ptu-ker't Htotement is inserted in ihe App8!ri>ix to this Volrnne, and Nel- 

larmkic, if not conleiuptuou» Answer to it is in p. 437, post. Southey . in a long 

on the nmiasion of Nelsou'it name in the Dispatch, ju»ily «ayH, "Ihe dei-iaire 

»i»H)»ni by wlileh the Action Iteuame a >ictory, won executed in neglect of orders, 

hl« own Jiidj^ncnt, and at hi.* i>eril." 

>t SBtinfled with tryiufr to divest Nelson of the merit of one exploit, Mr. JAinrs 

^9g*at9 that be <-liuinnd more credit thiin he deserved for another. Af^er qnoiing 

ponrlnding paobogf^ of NelsonV " Remark*." but of the former part of wlucli (aii 

I Ills Hceoiitil of the AgHnicnuiou'ti proceeihugr: on the I'llh nnd 14th nf March, 

p. I*t. unte, ) he takes no notice, hegAVM. '? 'I'hcre i», it apia-ars, ii doubt whetlinr 

Joief gv)( fdiil of the Sun Nicolas just bcfuif-, or duiiug, Cotumodore Nelson's 

»)on iifihe latter: al all cveiitK, it Heems certain that the Ban .Tosef A<ll on 

the •lorn, and aftcrwai'dx drop]tcd broadaide-lo : in which |iomUun she waa 

I from iJjc San Njcidnit, ok already described, \S\\l a morn acriouH doubt olUiclm 

Ntiitenient uf the Sun JOscf's surrender bnviiig been Ihc coimeqiteiice nf thai 

ng. A» far a« our rciJcarchcB have goue. it apiieara to be clearly i'siablixhed, that 

IVinre Oeorgn uaii eiigngiiig the San .loscf u1 the moment %\\e got foul; and 

the former Ship only HUHpended her lire until, havitii,' ed^'ed uway to lc«wiinl of 

Captain and hiui Nicolas, «he wo* able to rexume it ahead and cleat of the 

aptain; thai the Shu Nicolas at ilu!« uiomeut dnrd into the i'rince George, who 





9«M«i fart «f tar attamlRvpM tW StuiK-'- ' 
k« li* vfMi kMk SfMMli Stifa nta, at lfa« f«l «f Mm* »:! 

At Mr. JiHH givw SB nAoatxibr daw 4a«t. : fiurl; Uavr Wrs Ml 

■■■■£(*<■• TIntk i>, ■■wiwf, M vitk IB maU tn^ ^iir-»uou. Ur. Jiuiim'* " n- 
mm xh^ «m «lk» w% i t smm t* lin* ktCRS imI «alal with Adnumi P«rW< 
SliiHBCBl. •!«« oBvl^ «fc« •■■• wunk oorar. (VUl* Ui« AM>Bsrtx.) IW 
i — i r I* Ateinl Pitktr tmd Mr. Jaton b dio«t md vaDctiultn. TV P wm« 
Ovwfr «ri]F W*« he«a iriarfaMatbe Ste i«H#Mbic, or ewn 
wsUvfaJbrlMMaftMi iki Sm KiMlw. (ibaa«ii Ncl»..; 
Vmkm HiBB H VB7 lirtiflil.) ■■! if H van •«, it nuy lu^ 
SpoisAi af tW htf^iimmtm of BtnUftif ifiiBst ibeir utm «m^i 
ittiiVMaU* llHt tt* Am Jm^^ rfU «•« Htrmulrr MwfW .Vr/«o« r. 
dUtmt, mt lit kem4 ^ km hma4tr%. That tb» Spuiiali Captmin c. 
aa U» eaataanr ia pnfwA hy hia hanair p tatu teA die Spui&h A<)r 
him. Coaaaoo aamc irooU aknr iliai Uw Saa Jaaef; a nmt-nuit, - 
mtm, wooU iMre i tc i tri iha Boaidiii in a rtrj diflrnnl maanef^ 
kavliif kvmaAindtDNeiaanaarl tiisCaUo«ers — bad Bbp noc been {iri. . 
kaaOad b* aar SItipft. Nor 4i4 Ndaoa rrer asert tbe ooatraty : liie w^i: 
oiiafaA mj pea|i» la board iLe Flnt-iale, wfairli was ilow ia an {twtnti^ 
Ben; Msiuiog ■» iiuo tJic nuim diaiis. Ai Uiis uMnieut a s 
lookrd over Ibe faarl«r-il«rk nil, aail said lltry hoA •ninTTtdrrrtl.'' 
MS, post ) Ln Ui« L«u«r to CafiUiJi Locker, 
•f tbe battle, Le »a>^, " I pretend not to say i 

I DOl lioard«d tlma ; bnt tnily it wan fur from uu|Hf6eiblc but tiiej migiu itKtt i 
into lltf S|«aiah Fleets a* the other SUipi did." 


valentine's day, 1797." 

^ £Froiu ft Copy in the Kelson Pi»pcr», eoneeled by Kelson, atid Willi tli« auingn{ii) 
itircs «>r Cowfiiod.ire Kelson, Cuptaia ililler, and C«iitiun Deny. Clwli' 
IM'Artliursl*lc lIuU fommodorc Nelson sent n Copy of tlii.i Nurratitv to HB-II- 
the Duke of Clfticnce, vrlili llie Tullofftng Not* ; — '• Tbo pmi^tes and Lnuonn nf air 

Adiuind tell me 1 mny relate my tnle: I therefore send yoar Royal Ui"\ -• ' 

few It<-mftrks rcUtire to myself in the Cajitajii, iit which tuy Pnidnnt wa.- 

the most glorious Valciilioc's Day." Ii appews flom a Letter to Ci^taiu ■ ... ».. 

(vide p. 'iM, post) tiiat a Copy via seut to itiia fur pnhlicalioR,] 

At one P.M., the Captain having passed the stemmost of the 
Enemy's Ships which formed their van and part of their ' 
consisting of seventeen Sail of the Line, thej on the lai i 

• Tbe«i " Remarkit" were pnliliitlied »oon after tlioy were «rri(t«n, and * >'?<• it 
printed in the Naral Chronicle, in 1700, (vol. ii. p. ftOft. ) Tlie roj>y in ( ' 
M'Ar'hnr (vol. i. p. :Ht)) ditCers verbally in many pla<-es (Vom the oliUTe. aii.i 
lliiit Ihi'V liiwl innde " "oniv mMitinn*" from Iho Ori^nnl foinul in the Nelson t'«t>er». 
Tb»f " "rii^rllipr" IB now givcM vtrlmtim. 




uu liie starboard tack, the Admiral made the signal to 
:k ill succession;' but I, perceiving the ypatiisli Shijis all to 
up before the wind, or nearly so, evidently with an inten- 
>n of forming their line going large, joining their separated 
ivision, at that time engaged with some of our centre Ships, 
flying from us — to prevent cither of their schemes from 
ting effect, I ordered the ship to be wore,' and passing 
ttwccu the Diadem and Excellent, at a (piartcr past one 
;:lock, was engaged with the hqadmost, and of course leeward- 
last of the Spanish division. The Ships which I know were, 
,iLc Santissima Trinidad, 126; San Josef, 112; Salvatlor del 
[undo, 1 12; San Nicola.s, 80; another First-rate, and Seventy- 
names not known. I was immediately joined and most 
)bly supported by the Cullodcn, Captain Troubridge. The 
inish llect, from not wishing (I suppose) to have a decisive 
Itle, hauled to the wind on the larboard tack, which brought 
! Ships afore-mentioned to be the Iccwardmost and stenimost 
liips in their Fleet. For near an hour, I believe, (but do not 
jtend to Ix; correct as to time,) did the Cullotlen and Captain 
)port this apparently, but not really, unequal contest ; when 
Blenheim, passing between us and the Enemy, gave us a 
spite, and sickened the Dons. jU this time, the Salvador del 
[undo and San Isidro dropped astern, and were fired into in 
I masterly stylo by the Excellent, Captain CoUingwood, who 
impelled the Sanlsidro to hoist English colours, and I thought 
Urge Ship Salvador del Mundo had also struck ; but Cap- 
bn Collingwood, disdaining the parade of taking possession 
beaten enemies, most gallantly jiushed up, with every sail 
to save his old friend and messmate, who was to appear- 
icc in a critical state. The Blenheim being ahead, and the 
|ullodcn crippled and astern, the Excellent ranged up within 
feet of the San Nicolas, giving a most tremendous fire, 
ic Sun Nicolaa luffing up, the San Josef fell on board her, 
jd the Excellent jmssing on for the Santissima Trinidad, the 
iptain resumed her situation abreast of them, and close along- 
At this time the Captain having lost her foretop-raast, 
>l a sail, bhrouJ, or rope left, her wheel shot away, and 
icapable of further service in the line, or in chase, I directed 

• Viilo Uic prcccJing Ob)>erT«iioiis. 




Captwn Miller to put the helm a-siarboard, and calling for ik 
Boarders, ordered them to board.' 

The Soldiers of the G9th Regiment, with an alacrity which 
will ever do them credit, and Lieutenant Pierson of the samo 
Regiment, were amongst the foremost on this service. ITie 
first man who jumped into the Enemy'b miwin-chains ww 
Captain Berry, late my First Lieutenant ;' (Captain Miller 
was in the very act of going also, but 1 directed him to remain ;/ 
he was supported from our spritsail-yard, which hooked in the 
mi/.en-rigging. A soldier of the 69th regiment having broke 
the upper quarter-gallery window, jumped in, followed by 
myself and others as fast as possible. I found the cabin-doore 
fastened, and some Spanish OflSccrs fired their pistols ; but 
having broke open (he doors, the soldiers fired, and tb» 
Spanish Brigadier (Commodore with a Distinguishing Pendant) 
fell, as retreating to the tpiarter deck, on the larboard side, 
near the wheel. Having pushed on the quarter-deck, 1 found 
Captain Berry in possession of the poop, and the Spanish en- 
sign hauling down. 1 passed with my jjeople and Lieuteoool 
Pierson on the larboard gangway to the forecastle, where I 
met two or three Spanish Officers prisoners to my scametit 
and they delivered me their swords. 

At this moment, a fire of pistols or mu.sket8 opened from the 
Admiral's stern gallery of the San Josef, 1 directed tlie soldici* 
to fire into her stern ; and, calling to Captain Miller, ordered 

' Jiuncs (vol.!. I). 411) say-j, Uiere wiis> then "no lUlt'niWive bm lo lunrd lh» 
SipRnish rwo-deoker." If li«' mcnnt iliiu tn Xthon, tliere poiild lie no oUier cboier, 
he wiw cons'Ct; bnt ttmay Cnptainfl liiul, iitidpr mmtliu- fifcuni««ftn«'"«. (w W> «>• 
kuDW bell^r Uion Mr. Junes,^ foiiud «u niternafivf iu leaving ilirir «&Uigoaiit 

• CA|ilAiti Bern- wim ilieu n piisMiigei- in ilic Capimn, Itiwing Inli'h I't-cn pniiiuitW 
to the mnk of (.'ainMinmlcr ; iumI lie «ivs I'ostfd m\ ilu' (Uli of MnrcL follovriuf. fcr 
bin gnllaiitry at Ht. Vini"eilt'«, 

' TItr following iiiitTfMting Mirrdolo liiui been obligingly cpistniinJPKifd hj Ca^uill 
Miller's -sister, Mr*. Dalrjiiiplc : — " Wliilo CwpUiii ilillei' vra." lemliug lii» mcu lo lii» 
Sim Nirnln.4, Cumniodori! NelKsnn foiid ' No, Miller; / iniitt hnre thAt honour',' Ml4 
on giting into tlio mbin. nflt-r the rnnleht, Nelson smid, 'Miller, 1 nm tinder tlid 
gn'nieht obligruionn to yoii,' uid presented liiro wirli the Spaiiiuli CaplAiii'-N -iworti 
Olid tlien, OS if In; could not stiflleiently Mbew bis »cn»e of bift Captaiu't •crvicwv, 
Rgiiin i-rpTe«HiHl In's obliK^iitinus, nnd drawing n ring from bin fltiger, p1«eril il 
Captain Miller' i«. 'i'iie ring, raihrr h Inrj^ topaz, Met ronnd wiib diiwiiondf, nnd lb4 
Bpnniitb offleer"* sword, are now iu tlie possession of MiB» Milieri t.'iiptuiu M0lw' 
onl; btirviviiig ebild. 

p. 38.] 



to semi more men into the San Nicolas, and directed my 
people to board the First-rate, which was done in an ioalant. 
Captain Berry assisting me* into the main chains. At this 
moment a Spanish Officer looked over the quarter-deck rail, 
4ad said — * they surrendered •, from this most welcome in- 

fgcnce it was not long before I was on the quarter- 
c, when the Spanish Captain, with a bow, presented mc 
Sword, and said the Admiral was dying of his wounds 
below. I asked him, on his honour, if the Ship were surreu- 
?d ? be declai'ed she was ; on which 1 gave hitn my hand, 
, desired him to call to his Officers and Ship's company, and 
them of it — which he did i and on the quarter-deck of u 
inish First-rate, extravagant as the story may seem, did I 
:ive the Swords of vamjuished Spaniards ; which, as I re- 
Fed, I gave to William Feamey, one of my bargemen, who 
them with the greatest sangfroid under his anu. I was 
surrounded by Captain Berry, Lieutenant Pierson, 69th Uegi- 
It, John Sykes, John Thomson, Francis Cook, all old 
imemnons, and several other bmvc meu, seamen and sol- 

thus fell these Ships. 
f.B. — In boarding the San Nicolas, I believe, we lost about 
»n killed and ten wounded, and about twenty Spaniards 
lost their lives by a foolish resistance. None were I believe 
in boarding the San Josef. 

Horatio Nelson. 
Ralph Willett Miller. 
E. Berry. 

[Add«d in K>lion'« Aiuugroph.] 

)on Francisco Xavier Winthuyscn, Rear-Admiral, died 
or Lis wounds on board the San Josef. Don Tomas Geraldino, 
led on board the San Nicohus when boarded by the Captaiii. 

C?i»mf>ck, TlarriNon, nml Hntitbi-y, Rlftt/- tliut Ni^Ihou letl tlte wny into tli»i Run 
rf, Ttbcmcnlly excluntiug, " WesUiiiuater Ablipy, or ViL'tory !" — ngtMconndc Tcrjr 
It with Itis character. 




wrncri imv pendant was flying on the mo?i glowoii 
valentine's day, 1797. 

[Aiilogriiiili dmnght, in the Nelson Puiwr?. Though lliia Tiqicr l» Itt fti.mj f>li 
in Uip «auie vtitnls iw the- prrceiliup, yet ili il !.i a dociiuicnt of ii ' ' 
iho fiiiTiiur t>t-iiig mfrely aigUL-d liy Nelson, while litis b wholly in ' mJ,! 

M, moreover, it eouUiiis some interesting kdditiouiti both arr iviiitcii miirc.J 

On the 13th Fcbniary, at 6 p.m., shifled my Pendant froll 
from La Minen'c Frigate to tlie Captain. 

Valentine's day, at daylight, signal to prepare for Baide 
at 10, saw some strange Ships standing across the van of oti 
Fleet, on the larboard tack, which was sailing in two divisioni 
eight in the weather, seven in the lee, on the starboard lar| 
About 11, signal to form the Line, as most convenienL 
twenty-five past 11, the Action commenced in llie Van, the 
passing through the Enemy's Line. About 1 a.m., the Cap 
lain having passed the stcmniost of the Enemy's Sluf 
which formed their Van, consisting of seventeen Sail of 
Line, and ])erceiving the Spanish Fleet to bear up before 
wind, evidently with an intention of forming their Line, gotr 
large — joining their separated division, — or flying from us; 
prevent either uf their schemes from titking effect, I ordcrctl 
the Ship to be wore, and passuig between the Diadem itoJ 
Excellent, at ten minutes past 1 o'clock, I was in close Acdc 
with the Van, and, of course, lee ward most of the Spanii 
Fleet. The Siiips which I know were the Santa Trinic 
San Josef, Salvador del Mundo, San Nicolas, San laidf 
another First-rate and Seventy-four, names not known. I 
immediately joined and most nobly supported by the Ci 
lodeu. Captain Troubridge. The Spanish Fleet, from ni 
wishing, I suppose, to have a decisive Battle, hauled to 
wind on the larboard tack, which brought the Ships abo^ 
mentioned to be the leewardmost Ships in their Fleet. For 
hour the CuUoden and Captain supported this apj^arcntly, b< 
not ill reality, unequal contest, when the Blenheim, passii 
to windward of us and ahead, eased us a little. By this til 
the Salvador del Mundo and San Isidro dropped astern, 
were fired into in a masterly style by the Excclleni, Capt 
ColUngwood, who comj>elled them to hoist English coloi 




ilifldsuuiug the parade of taking |>usscssiou of beaten 
Miiics> he must gallantly pushed up lo save his old friend 
nnd nicsaniate, who was to appearance in a critical situation: 
the Blenheim having fallen lo leeward, and the Culloden 
crippled and astern, the Captain at this time being actually 
llH^I ujion by three First-rates and the San Nicolas and a 
||Si%'enty-four, and about pistol-shot distance of the San 
Nicolas. The Excellent ranged up with every sail set, and 
hauling up his mainsail just asteni, passed within ten feet of 

KSan Nicolas, giving her a most awful and tremendous fire. 
e San Nicolas luffing up, the San Josef fell on board her, 
.^J the Excellent passing on for the Santa Trinidad, the 
ptaiu resumed bcr situation abreast of them, close aloug- 

lis time, the Captain having lost her fbrc-topmast, not 

^shroud, or rope standing, the wheel shot away, and 

ipablc of further service in the Line or in chase, I directed 

Iplaln Miller to put the helm a-starboard, and calling for the 

ir<.fcrs, ordered them to Board. 

'he Soldiers of the 69th Regiment, with an alacrity which 

"11 ever do them credit, with Lieutenant Picrson, of the same 

Regiment, were amongst the foremost on this service. The 

first man who jumped into the Enemy's mizcn-chaius was 

|i|ttptaln Berry, late my First-Lieutenant, lie was supported 

^Hm oiir spritsail-yard ; and a soldier of the GQth Regiment 

^Hring broke the upper quarter-gallery window, jumped in, 

flwloweil by mj'self and others, as fast as possible. I found the 

cabin-doors fastened, and tlie Spanish Officers fired their 

pistols at us through the wuidows, but having broke open the 

doors the soldiers fired, and the S])aiuhh Brigadier (Commo* 

dorc, with a distinguishing Pendant) fell as retreating to the 

quarter-deck. Having pushed on the quarter-deck, I found 

'' -'iin Berry in possession of the poop, and the Spanish 

.;i hauling down. The San Josef at this moment fired 

|{muskcts and pistols from the Admirers stern-gallery on us. 

' Onr seamen by this time were in full possession of everj' part : 

about seven of my men were killed, and some few wounded, 

and about twenty Spaniards. 

pllaving placed sentinels at the different ladders, and ordered 

)tain Miller to push more men into the Saa Nicolas^ I 




directed my brave fellows lo board the First-raie, which was 
done in a moment. When I got into her main^chains, a Sfmiiith 
Officer came upon the quarter-deck rail, without arms, uul 
said the Ship had surrendered. From this welcome inforraa- 
UoD, it was not long before I was on the quarter-deck, when 
the Spanish Captain, with a bended knee, presented mc his 
Sword, and told me the Admiral was d}'ing with his wounds 
below. I gave him my band, and desired him to call to bis 
Officers and Ship's Company that the Ship had f>i ' 'l, 
which he did; and on the quarter-deck of a Sp > i- 

rate, extravagant as the story may seem, did 1 receive tk 
Swords of the vanquished Spaniards, which as I received I 
gave to William Fearney, one of my bargemen, who yUcd 
them, with the greatest sang-froid, under his arm. I was 
surrounded by Captain Berry, Lieutenant Pierson, GDtii 
Regiment, John Sykcs, John Thompson, Francis Cook, and 
William Fearney, all old Agaraemnons, and several other 
brave men, Seamen and Soldiers. Thus fell these Ships. 
The ^'ictory passing saluted us with three cheers, as did ever)' 
Ship in the Fleet. The Minerve sent a boat for me, and I 
hoisted ray Pendant on board her, directing Captain Cocklmni 
to put me on board the first uninjured Sliip of the Line, 
which was done ; and I hoisted my Pendant in the Irresistible, 
but the day was too far advanced to venture on taking posKS* 
sion of the Santa Trinidad, although she had long ceased to 
resist, as it must have brought on a night Action with a still 
very superior Fleet. At dusk, I went on board the Victory, 
when the Admiral received me on the quarter-deck, and 
having embraced me, said he could not sufficiently thank rac, 
and used every kind expression which could not fail to make 
mc happy. On my return on board the LTcsistible, tny 
bruises were looked at, and found but trifling, and a few dayi 
made mc as well as ever. 

H. N. 

N.B. There is a saying in the Fleet too flattering for roe to 
omit telling — viz,, ' Nelson's Patent Bridge fur boarding First- 
Rates,' alluding to my passing over an Enemy's 80-gun Ship; 
and another of a Sailor's taking me by the hand on board the 

r. 38.] 



Jusef, saying he might not soon have such another 
to do it in, and assuring mc he was heartily glud to see 


PkMiogT*pl«. in lliO ltoi«i*s»ioii of thp Honourable Mrs. NirwiiLun Colliiigwood. 
ill ilu« leitrr Cuptaiu Colliu(fwoocl wroic, " Nelson sliiflcd Lis Uroad Peiidout 
\Uit Immubk, liis own bltip baisg so mauled." J 

Irresistible, February l^ili, TiH*. 
My dcaiesl Friend, 

A friend in need is a friend indeed/ was never n»ore 
ly Tcrified than by your most noble and gallant conduct 

tlie morning alV«r ilie Dnttlr, tlie K'th of Fvbntary, NelHon weut on buont 

itcly to »ce Sir Oiibeit Ellioi, but tlii) lue Vicer<iy liiwl just gone to tliu Viutuiy, 

ung^roluUte Sir John Jcn'i» ou liie c^onu of the jirevcdiiiK dky. Nrlaon fotiudi 

t«tr. Colonel Drinkwaier, whufic relnJion of Ihu sulmUktive of ibcir converAatioit 

'grrnt liii«rciil:— '" Wliere Ls Sir Oilliert ?' wiis Uis llrst inquiry. ' tion* with 

Uarlie* i<> the Victory,' wm my reply. ' 1 hop<-d,' h« rvjoinvd, ' lo Ui^ve tsmigbt 

I b^fitre Uc saw the Ailmirol ; lint come lielow 'niilt inc.* And he lud ilie way to 

8cktod ttlouc null tLr Commndorei 1 rouewcd, in tlio mu«t cxiircii'iivtf 

cnti(^nltilatiot» on hix xiififty from the p^rilx of Hurli a llglii. lUid on Uiti 

iiii;iii*hed \>»il be had iwntoiuiJIy taken in ihe Action, of which miuiy piurii- 

by tlii* timr renchcd the LtToly. lie received my cuuijiliuicut* with great 

«ty, though cTJdculiy wiiL grem aulUrucciou. i then roniiulird timl, a» tha 

would bear the glorion<i news to I'.ngliui'l, I »hoiild feel louoli obliged by hia 

Bg me ii» many pftrttculorf of Ui»;i proeeediugn of IiIh Hhip, Uje CAptiuii, and of Ida 

i oouducl in Ihe capture of Llie two &hi|i», lu* hu ^na dis\K)atiH lu cuiniMiUlicali). 

' intimacy wrwi «urb, that 1 felt no dilTiruity in draxving l^oio bim tbcaic detail* ; 

tluH cirFiinmliincp Hill b« an ojiology for my niukiug thvoe remnrki wiiti •iicti 

freedom. I observed to biiu. tbat the position of the Captain appeared lo all of 

tbe LireJy, to l)e ft't a long time most cxtrB<irTliuary and unaccountable. Wo 

[4riip«el«d etery tnaUuit i<i ^«e the Ship annihtlali-d by the uv«i'|H>wering tutte in 

eb ahr Was «ingty o|)po««d. in the aniniAiiou of oonvcrnAiiou, 1 went so far a« 

ak, ' liow rune yon. Commodore, to get into that ningnlnr and |H<rihiaH iiituii' 

He guod-natureilly replied, 'I'll tell you how it Impiieucd. The Admiml'a 

ion, i *aw, wna lo cut olT th« detached Sijiiadron of eight Sail, axul ariiirtrardii 

Iba main body, weakened liy ihiH aeparntion. Otmvrviug, however, U OUi 

uhanceJ. and Iwcamr (>ii(;ag(*d with the Knemy'i Ship*, tbat tlie main 

ilir Kuemy (rere pii«hing to join their b^etidH to Wwiird, by parting in tbn 

'ear Si|uailron, I ibongbi, uuleH*. by itiome pioinpt and exuauiiUnary nieai>ur«, 

body could be diverted from thi« onnrHi', until Hir .lnjin (a< Ibui tlmti In 

iiin in tijc Victory) could we ib«ir phm, bii nell arranged dcMgns un tlw> Kmtmy 

tw fru»irAt«d. I tliercfore urdi^re.l the Captaiii to wear, and pn^sivg the xttu 

BT Kfjiiadroii, direrted Captain Miller to Hi»ier for Ui« ecitlTH uf tbc Ku«my't 

I, when- waa I heir .Ndmiral in Chief, seconded by two ibree-declter», boping bj 




yesterday in sparinR the C'aplain from furlher luss ; auil 1 l«g, 
boiU a» a public Officer and a fricjid, you will accept my niiMt 
sincere thanks. 1 have not fjulc<l, by letter to the AdininJ, 
to represent the cmincut scniccs of the ExccllcnL Tell mt 
how you arc ; what are your disasters ? I cannot tell you 
much of the Captain's, except by Note of Captain Miller's, at 
two this mornings about sixty killed and wounded^ masis had, 

lliif- proc<>c(liiii; to oonfnnnil thrni, mid, if poJwiMc, make tlieiii rliurisr ilicirroim* 
(as be Jill,) ami lUtis ftffoni Sir Jolni .leniit lime to sw their ninycnii-iii*, unl Ukf 
iDca^iircn tn follow iiii bin original iiilpiition.' I do not say tliol NcUun cxpnMnl 
liiumolf ill oxnctly the nlrovc Hor^l^. but hi« ttntomrnt wiii to tb«" »i>ni" cffi-rl. 

" In rntnpli«tifp witb my r^qitMl, he tlipii pivvc nm Ibe drtitils of 
Nit'oliu, nn<I nAct'triirdH llio St. Josef, wliicU oie i^vcu in lll(^ ru 
mldijij^ thi" fi.»lloTviu(j iMirticulurs:— ' I wiw (lui'l lb*n br sjiokr with imuit^-tJ aai 
niiLlidii) ihiit from llic ilirtiiMeil ntnle <>{ tbe Ciiiiliiin, luiij tlir rfTrotivc allixJc M tlw 
a|ip)t)nchii]|g( BritisU Shiiw, I was likely to hav« in» beaten trjiponi'til lakfii fr<«i i»; 
1 tbi'Fpfnrc ilnridcd t<i boani lb<< Si. Nioolns, nliicb 1 hiul rbit-lly fuu^flit, nui W»i- 
dercd t<o be nij I'rixe. OnleM wen- gi<eu to liiy tbe (.'nintniii aboivnl of ln<r; 1^ 
Bprilwiil jiuil jiiviscd iuto lier aiixen Hpgiiig. Lieuteuaal Berrj, witli iW Sbiv 
Boiinlnrs, itud C'apl4un PenrHon, with tbe (iDtb Rrginient, I'nr.liiig ta M 
boiutl tlip Caiitnin,) mxih got posse^hioii of the Kiiejiij'* Sbip. .Vs^i -tc i 
Uic Snilors, I got from tbe fiire-rliniii"! into llie qiiorter-gidlery. tliri-: 
lutd tlience through tbe riibin to the qiinrtrr-deck, nkerr 1 fonnd ii>> 
nlrcruly triiimphrkut.' Hi' then gnw iiir> tlii< ilt^iuiKnf ibv f xtittoniiniwy oirrnmsuuii^ 
lUifudiiig IHh after^'urdH grttiiiK i»os«c»(tion of tbe St. Jinrf. I)f coiirM, di; bicli 
adininuiou of Ui» conduct wna often expressctl, ii« lie proceeilod iu giving •"•" ike* 
very iut«r<?-'<tilig pnrticiibirK, of wbieb 1 made pencil nciles on a «:n4i of paff ' 
found al band ; itud tiir'K couim>iniontions from my goibint friend wctv tlie mat* 
valii»ld« ft'oio tbeir lieinir niftdf In-fore be li*d Been «ny other OIBcer of tbr FU«U 
except CAplftin O. Martin, of the 1 nt->iHiib1e, to wbieh Sbip be Litd reiiairtil Ar 
Toft°p«broeui mid rcpoi^e, nntil the CnjHiun, iiii^ owu Ship, utmost n wreck in twt 
rigging, kc, could be put into nuuingeutde onkr. 

'•Towanls the conclusion of this Lntere^iting interview, 1 rt'tteiitnl my MHtd 
fi'liiritationN at bis personni nafety, after audi very |H!riloiiH ncbiervmfnta. 1 tlM 
adverted to the hoiiourx ilmt rannt attend »ncb di.ttingni^Ued ser\iceii, 'Tbt 
Admiral,' I o)j»nrveil. ' will of conrse be made » Peer, and IiIh t-econda in eonunani 
itoiiced accordingly. .\s for you. Conunodon-," I continued, ' lljry will make )on a 
Bnrnnet.' The word was spavcely uttered, when pinring his hand on my tinu. m 
lookiu(f me mowt expressively in the fiu-e, be said, ' No, no : if iliey wiuit to mitk 
my <«erviceA, it muft not l>e in tlnit manner.' ' Ob ! ' $aid 1, interru|>liug him, *;aa 
wi«th to be made a Knight of the Balh ;' for I could not irangiiiv iliat his ambition, at 
llini time, led Uim to cxpeet a Peerage. My supposition proved to be corrni'l, for b« 
iiLHtantly answered me, ' Yes ; if my Kerviret have Itecu of any value, l«?t lUrm !• 
noticed iu a way thai tbe pitblie niny know me, or Ibem.' I cannot du>ttnrtly 
remember which of term)) was nsed, bur, from liiti manner, I eoulil lia«* ao 
doubt of luH meaning, tbHl he witbcd lo bear iibtiiit bis )>rrsou some bononuy 
distinction, to nitroct the public eye, and mark hi* profraaioiMl acrvirns." — .Vnrni' 
«rir, pi». ^S, H«. 



&C. We shall meet at Lagos ; bnt I could not come near 
without assuring you how sensible I am of your assist- 
in nearly a critical situation. Believe me, as ever, your 
lost aSectionatc 

Horatio Nelson" 


[Autof^nqil), in Ihti Miuto Pn|ien). Not liA%ii)g fuiiiul Sir Gilbert Elliot on 
tbe Lively, Nelfiou, o» Ills return to tlie [rreHistililc, imniGdinKtljf wrote to 

My dear Sir, In-cnisUlile, l^th Ftbrnary, 1707. 

Tou will naturally, I know, be anxious for the safety of 
jour friends, amongst whom I feci a pride to be numbered. I 

* Tl>i» Letter ought not to Ic Beiiiirated from itie ^tuit CoUui(rwooil'« Hc|ily: — 
'• My dear gtwA Friond, " Kxcellcat, lOib Ftbrtioi^, I"!>7. 

" Firsi let am tuiiiprutulaie you oil iJie nncceM of veNlcrdHv, on tht brillUiioy Jt 

[■tlulMnl (u Uio nritish Nitvy, aiul the liiimility it uiu«t ■•aubi; tu ics Kucmiefi; nuA 

riheD let Uf cougTAtiilatP uiy dear Commodore mi tlie dBtiiigiilsttcd port wbicli lie 

Ivnrr takesi wbeii ibc boliuar aud intpreHts of bis Country iu'<e nl titaku. It ndded vtry 

uwli to tlui xaLiafnctiou which I felt in thtiropinj; the Si<tuunrds, ttint I releiued you 

I Uule. The highest rewards arc diir to you and Ciilloden ; ymi formpd tlie pliui of 

ck, — we were only Bccossorius to the Doas' ruin ; for boil they got on the other 

ck, ihfj Would have beon sooner joined, ond tlie business wonld have been less 

omplete. We have come off iiretty well, roitKideriiii;: eleven killed, and fourteen 

[innded. Yon saw tbe foiir-derker going ulT tlii?) morning to Ciuli/, — she shonid 

I eome to Logos, to make the thing better, but we could not brnco onr ynrd.-i np 

; nearer. I beg mycomidiuitnu toCiqHniu Mnrtin : I think he wns at Jaaiaici^ 

we were. I lUn evur, my dciir friend, alTcetiouiUcly yours, C Collikowoop,'' 

-CcrrrtfHiitJcHcr u/ Vitc-Admhai Lurd L'lillint/icoriJ, "itb eil., v<d. i, ji. M. 

• StrOilbert Elliot's Reply to thin Letter is furtnnntely jirescrved : 
•• My deiir Sir, lively, l.Mh Februftry, 1797. 

'• Yon will e«.sily believe, 1 trust, the joy with w liiclt I wiineKned your glory ye«ter- 

^•y. To have bod any sbore in it is honour enough for one tonn's life, but to hnve 

eu foreuiiwt on such « dny conld Coll to your »>hare alone. Nothing iji the world 

ever more noble thnn tbe Iraiviaction of the Cuptain from beginning to end, 

tnd the glorious group of your Ship nud her two Prizes, fast iu your grii>c, was never 

iirpwxed, ntid I dare kot never will. I nm grieved to learn that you ore wouudi-d, 

jwpver slightly you talk of it.. May you speedily reco\er, nud enjoy your honours 

tlie gratitude and lulmlruiinu of your Country for many years, witliout any • 

Fftbatcraent or mbbers of luiy kind ' I was in hoiies yon were unhurt, by sueingynu 

»n boanl ilie Minena, and hearing the cbeera you were saluted with. J am happy 

Uud MiUer i« not amongst tbe hurt. Ood bleu you, my dear friend! Nince you 

^t roe call ynu so, for 1 am not likely to deeliiie a title su hououroble to me, 

vlieve me, SbC. 

To Cominodore Nelion. " Oiibbut Ehiot." 




nm proud in my Admiral thinking that my reputatioohtt 
not been diminished by the events of yesterday. The Cap* 
tain is a wreck in hull and masts. We know not, exaetly. but 
suppose near sixty killed: amongst the slightly wounded ii 
myself) but it is only a contusion and of no consequence, ualesi 
an inflammation takes place in my bowels, which Ih the part 
injured. But they who play at balls must expect rubbers. 
Remember roc to all my friends in the Lively, and 
Believe me ever your most faithful 

Horatio Nel80». 

[Autugrajili, ia tlie liinto Papers.] 

Irresisliblf, F«brum lOtli, !?»:. 

My dear Sir, 

Your affectionate and flattering letter is, I assure you, a 
sufficient reward for doing (what to me was a pleasure) mg 
dttty. My Admiral and others in the Fleet think nearly the 
same as you do of my conduct. To receive the Swords of the 
vanquished, on the quarter-deck of a Spanish First-rate, csn 
seldom fall to the good fortune of any man. Miller is doing 
for you two Sketches of the Action, suflBcient, I ani sure, U) 
please you, from your knowledge of its correctness. 
• You will now, I am sure, think me an odd man, but still I 
hope you will agree with me in opinion, and if you can be 
instrumental in keeping back what I expect will happen, it 
will be an additional obligation, for very far is it from my diS' 
position to hold light the Honours of the Crown; but 1 con- 
ceive to take hereditary Honours without a fortune to support 
the Dignity, is to lower that Honour it would be my pride to 
support in proper splendour. 

On the 1st of June, 12th of April,' and other Glorious days, 
Baronetage has been bestowed on the Junior Flag Officers 
this Honour is what I dread, for the reasons before given, aui 
which I wish a friend to urge for me to Lord Spencer, or such 
other of his Majesty's Ministers as are supposed to advise thi 

* Tbo Umtln of Lord Howe, in 1704, utd Lord Bodoey, in 1762. 




>wa. Tliore are other Honours, which die with the pos- 
and I should be proud to accept, if my efforts are 
Kight worthy of I he favour of my King.' ISfny health and 
jry blessing attend you , and I pray for your speedy passage 
a happy meeting with Lady Elliot and your family. And 
l»eve me ever, 

Your most obliged and faithful 

Horatio Nelson, 

:r Liillit.ri l.lliix, Unil. 


['Aniogmph, iu llie NpUoh Pupen. On ilie lOtli of Februiin-, llio Fleet ancltoi«<l, 
Uiif Prizes, iu Ijigas Buy, to r<i|iA)r dunitgos, •ml tu prepiire for nnotlicr Action, 
KHnoy beiug «till at iie* willi twenty-three Siul of tLe Line, while lL<.- KngtiMh 
I ooly afteeD.J 

Irresistible, Logos Bay, February I7th, 1707. 

My dear Brother, 
' As rcjjorts may get abroad concerning me, I know it will 
satisfactory to hear immediately from myself. 1 am, in 
reahty, not near bo much hurl as the Doctors fancied, and 
To days will restore me to perfect health. I shall only send 
an extract of a letter from Sir Gilbert Elliot, who was a 
tator of the battle, viz. : — * You will easily believe, I trust, 
joy with which I witnessed your glory yesterday. To 
ivc had any share in it is honour enough for one man's life, 

Colonel Drinkwunr's Narrative in p. tl-iH.Kttte. The Cnlon«ra niPmor; 

linvp fnilH hito, when he -(lud thitt Ute discovery of NcUun's trixbei*, In litM 

kuii tlie 1 oih ut Feltruary, " wns nut furgMtLfu, or williuiilronctequrnucf :" — 

l«ii>«cied, liis M^<^«y, in rowd forN«lsoii*s distiiipiishrd cotiduct, hnd 

I tTMte him n Bvunrt. Sir GiUi<*rt Elliot, who tinik a wiurm hit<?rv9t iu 

m'M woHure, cidltMl on me in Ixindon, to iinp<tn this nens ; whnn I maila 

own to him tlic purport of my conri<r«ation on boiuil the Lively, iind tnggmtcd 

it WW oiltitable to tuttke tlil* cireiiniMlAnoc known to (tie Oovermavni. Sir 

llten Mw the DiiUter in tht' name ligliL He lout no time in communicating what 

■pMnmt^ uu this <abjcct tu i«ome membfr of the Ca1>in44, Lonl 8|ivDrer. I Iwlinte, 

Wit» U4M1 at the heaii of thi* Admiralty Doanl, and hi* Lordmhip took Klep« to 

tt N>l*oo'« whtliM, in tlie manner nioit likely to gTnlilV hia feelingH, by obtain- 

' fur Liuj. itiHtead of a Baronetcy, the Onl^r of the Baih. although tut that piirpoan 

waa neco^NRry to wake hlni an Exum Knifrht.' — Nnrrutirr, p, hk. But the 

Vtf LeltiT Mhew* that ^ir Gilbert Elliot wa* atainuinli-d with Nelaon'a wiabc4J 

pta\j M the l(1ih of Febniary, auiI it i« IrigUJy in-'ibuMe tlial be 

.in the proprr i|narler. He wum not tna^ ati Extra Kiiighi uf tha OlUll," 

king a Tacaitiry at the time of bi« noraioados. 



but to have been foremost on such a day could fall lo )rmr 
share alone. Nothing in the world was ever more noble thiin 
tl^c transnction of the Captain from beginning to end, and die 
glorious group of your Ship and her two Prizes, fast in jmir 
gripe, was never surpassed, and 1 dare say never will 1 un 
grieved to learn that you arc wounded, however slightly you 
talk of it. May you speedily recover, and enjoy your honoun 
and the gratitude and admiration of your Country for many 
years, without any abatement or rubbers of any kind 1 I was 
in hopes you were unhurt, by seeing you on board the 
Minerva, and bearing the cheers you were saluted with.' 

The Admiral's letter' will tell the rest With kindest ro 
membrances to Mrs. Nelson, [and] family, and Aunt Maryl 
and all our friends at Swaffham, believe me, my dear brotk*? 

Your most affectionate 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From Uie Memoin of CupUln Sir Willitia Ho6t«, Doii., vol. i. p. O*.] 

In-Cbutible, Lagos Bar, Febntary ITih, ITSTj 
My dear Sir, 
You will be anxious to bear a line of your good and bra^ 
William after the sharp senices of the Captain on the 14t 
I have hitherto said so much of my dear William, that 1 
only repeat, his gallantry never can be exceeded, and tl 
each day rivets him stronger to my heart. 

With best res|iects to Mrs. Uoste, believe me, my dear Sb 

Your most obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelson.] 

The Captain is so cut up that I am obliged to shift 

* This remark sbp\rs bow coufldf utly Ni'lson eTpMted thai full jnfilicc 
dune to bill! in tlic iJitpiilch. 


LAlilt)grm«li ill the Lockrr P»p«>rs. Ou the Jay pwceiliiig llie diite of lliU Lftlcr, 

-M»., Il>« '.JlHli of Feliniar}', n Prninoiioii took jilm-e. v*)ieii N«>lsoii Wciumf n 

AuMiEAt, Of THE JlLiK. On the amne ricciision, the liUe ArJiiiinil of \ho 

Bl. Sir Charles KUmtind Nngetit, U.C'.H., obluiiied hi.* fUg, hh (hut httil Nelxoii 

Jo tlie preneiit time, \w woiilJ oidjr Unte succeeded tu lb<! lii(jhesl rwik iu hln 

pMion ill .Iniiiiiiry, lust year.'] 

My dear Friend, Irresiatible, L*go» Bay. February 21»l. 1707. 

I was too unwell to write you by the Lively ; but aa I know 
low anxious you are for my welfare, both in health and repu- 

* Tlio(i|fL uiunerouB Leiieni ttoin Nelson to LJh Wife ore iuMjrted, ouly ouo extrtcl 
yet bwii given from Mrs. Nelsfui's Leitei'K to him. The exeuiiilury cbBfocter of 
luiiiulile wotudn ii little kuon^t to Ute world ; nnd it Ik only jiistict: to her to 
tJiHt hvT Lellf-rs, which in Ui<"ir style «re perft-ctly hiiniil*' nnd iniiiRt-<-tt^, iire 
with ri|iro!t?<i(iiis of wiinu uiliu-hiiicut to her hiiHluujd, preiit luixii'ty for bis 
Nty, lively interei^t in bis fumo, luid entire atibmiBtiiuti to hi^ wishes. IUh futber, 
»Ue ulwayx ciUls " our fitiLui," liNed with her to the cud of his life, ttud uu 
agiilor ever wMobed the deeliiuli|{ heiUtb of her own |iiireilt, Kith inure cure oitd 
ipetion tlmu she «Lrwed to hiin. Of her imrity ofcouilucl her husbMul,e\cu when 
«l*Tc of » paxHion a.s ronmulic a-<^ it iTn!> iinfortiiiuiie nnd <-riJuiniil, bore the 
nngrrt testimony ; and it -wui* cniel, wben boDOurk were beHlowed >ipon bin FMiiily-, 
uu nuirk of NulioinO roKpvct Hhonld have been sbewu Iu bis virtnons nnd negleeted 
ijow. Some exlnict« fVoiii n few of her liners, ciuinot fail to excite re.tpeel for 
cbnmrter mid Hyiapiulir in her itnb!ie(|iient nuitforliiuex ; but before inserting 
1, it in inipoiiNible to resist gi%iug the follouiii); pleasinif notice uf Lutly Nelson, 
oceurs in • letter to the F.dilor from ■ venerable Lady, the perhoual and inli- 
IViend bulb of Lfini tuid Lndy Nelson, and Ibc widow of one of bir< bravest und 
r»l diHiingniiihed followent : — 

' 1 will only *ay on Ibis hiul ^uibject, that Lord Nelson iUwuy» bore Irxiiinony to 

tnerilA of i.wly Nelson, nnd deeliu-ed, iu pitrtjug (Vma her, tbtit be bud nut one 

ngle eonipliuut to iniike — thnt in teia|tei'. person, and iu uiiud, tilie wan everyiliinK 

eould wi«b. Tbey biul never bnd ii i|iiiu-rel ; but the Syren bud sung, and ciuit 

rr «|iell ultoni liiui, luid be wilh loo giiilelesH in bii> luitlire, nnd too uuMU.<ipeeltjig, to 

kwwe uf hi» dunger until it wilh too Inte. I «ni uwnre of your inteutiou not lu 

tiieb i)| tbiM delicate Nulijei-I : I uuly allude to it, in otder (o lutstu-e yon, from 

^y p«r!iuiuil kiiuwl»l<,,'e, iu n long nnd inliniiito lu'ijiuuutnJiee, that Liid) NcUou'h 

Inel wii« not iinly iitleeiionole, wine, nuJ pnnleni, but lulminible, ihrougbont ber 

ricd life, und ibnt xlie hiid not n Hiugle repruneb to nntke bentelf. I'lie ulleriions 

ber Lord were alienated, not wheu tbcr were tcigclher, but nt u dixtiuu-c, and 

prnnd li)p reMcb of her mild and feminine virtues. I any nut llii.s to eiiMt nnneees- 

blaiuu uu one wbos^e luemory I delight to honour, bul only in jiiHlioc lo ilmt 

r giHid nnd luiiinble wouiim, tin- re>>iduF of whusr life wil-s rendered ^u unhiip]iy liv 

i:nnn>liuice» over which ahe bad no Guatrul. if luildnetis forbewojice, nuil in- 

illgviioc to tbe weakneaaej* of bumiui nature eonid have unuled, lirr fate would 

t«w b«eu very different. No reproach ever piknied ber lipH ; and when nhv nuru-tl 







tation, I send you a short Detail * of the iransactlonfi of the 
Captain : and if you approve of it, are at perfect lilxjrty to 
iiis(i-t in the newspapers, inserting tlie name of Commodore 

fiviu Jirr f.oi'd, on hU lioi-siiiig Uin I'lii;; agnlu, it was nidioiU tlie most Mittat 
ttiixpR-iou lliiii lif mfniil it lo hv GunJ, loid tliMt ill this lift* tltvy wire Mver to mtH 
■gttiii. KxouM? my li^iiibliog you wilb these obscmUious, Oii 1 uu de^nrov* liat 
yon sLould know tlie worth of hi*r who bii!> »d Dfl<?n ItccQ fni«rr{iiv»eu((Hl, from t|i« 
wisli at mniiy 1« i^asi the blame aiiywheri', bnt ou hiiu who vas att <{e»tnre<S\} iia 
to the Nntiun. Thert urvcr was a Idudrr hi'Ml thnu I^nl NMmju'^ ; but br wv i 
rhild ill the hmids of o very desigtiinj? ppi-smi, anil fi<w, prrlmpti, could Imve- rrattti 
tlH< vKriuiis ArtiKces riuployed to imikIavc ibr luitul of llu> Ilfi'o, •Ucii i:i>mbiu«<d mtii 
gi^nl beauty, eitniordiuHry tidculs, and the «ciubluaL'<.- of uu cuLhuauuiLic iMttii- 
uuMit." Lmly Nelson siirvired Imr bubbiuid inuuy ^eiu>, aiid died ill her sixty ri^iiSk 
TOW, ou till- Ith of Maj, iwril. 

On her liii«l>iitid'H |iroiDodou m « RMr-Admiml, Mr*. Nelson tliiu wrote to lum-- 

I-cbniwy 'J-'lrd. [liUT,] 

" My di'iirust Hiisliimd, — Yesicrday'i Onxeltt> luitborizes our gnod FrUlier Mil 
mjsolf to congrnUiltite you on your beiug a Flaf-OffiMr. M*y it p1e««f i><^ y4«ir 
fiune luid succpSHen conliniii? nixl liirrrwc undrr this Promotion ' 1 neTcr ■*« oi}- 
thing (>l6vai« our Fatbrr i'i|niil tu tlils. Tin rep«ati><l with pirasiire lL» liul ■mtith 
yonr good Lfnclc [CAptiUD .Miiuric« Stickling] told blin, ' ilmt he would Uw to «« 
you Ml Admiral.' " 

On the Hftuie o<<ea«ifln he hrftrd (W>m lii« Father : — 
'* My dfor Rciir-AdininU, 

" I thank my Cmi wiih all the [>ower uf n gnUefiil sou], for (b* in«nj«i> li« liw 
most grni-iously b<'sto\rcd on me, in prrsrrrinif you amidst tltc inuniurnt peril* ii^tb 
80 lately threatened your life iit every lurrtnent: mid, ainongxt other iiinuuiciTaUr 
blessings, I must not forget the bounty of Heaven in gnuiiing you a mind ilua 
rejo(ce?t iu the pmciiro of iIiokc euiinrnl virtueM wlu'oh form greiit and good elia- 
niK|i<r8. Not only my few iioi|tiiiiiitimei's here, but the peojde in general met im al 
overy comer with snch baiid«<imo words that 1 wa« obliged to retire trom the puliU* 
pye. A nine MumliHl hiui obstervvd, thni ev«^ii bliM riui riMe but lo a ewtain jitAi 
Mul thiii hitH been veriHnl in me. The height of i^lury to which >uar protiMoiiil 
JndgmenI, united wiih n proper degree of bravery, giiiirdr<l by I'rovideuce, bas ntmi 
ynn, f«<w miuh, my deiir child, attain to, and fewer fulhi'r> live lo sit-e. Tears at yff 
liAVe involiintarily tricklcil dnwii my furrowi-d clicek. Who ciiiild stand the fomo ut 
Hndi griicral i-niigrnlulation ? The unme nnd service* of Nelson have miiuiiM 
Ibroughoui the City of Bnth, from the common bnllnilMtiger to the public tlieaiir- 
Joy »)iarlilc» iu every rye, mid de^tpondiiig Dritniii drnwr- back her »ubli' >r'i|, «uil 
Mtniles, It gives nte iuwitnl ><uli.'<riu:ti(>n to know, ihiit ilm laiirpln you hate wnalliwl 
<<|ining frnui those principle>i and rcligioun inithK whieh alone eon!<Utnle tliir Huro; 
and ili'Mt^-li II C'i^ic Criiwri ix all ynn nt prei^ent rrnp, it its lo thetuiiid of in»«li- 
iiiHbIti Millie, aud I have no doubt will one day bciir n g<ddeii iippic; that tteld (if 
glory, In wlm'h you have long been so coiKpicunu", i« »itill o\>cu. ^uy Dod ena- 
tiniic lo be your pn<!iiirviir IVoni lb>' nrrnw lliat llielh by day, and the |ie«Lilrncv that 
vmlkeih by nijjlit! 1 niii your nll'cctiouale father. Ki>MUvn N'dLaoa."— Cforlv nail 
M'.trihur. Mil. i. p. ;to!»- The houorary Freedom "f the City of Ilalh wii* icrtud 
hi Adiuiml NrUou nn the -JtUh day of Marili, 17!)T. He alao iwteived the I'rcMoa 
"f ih« <?iiie< of London, NorwiiO), Un'Mol, (uid of »ov(mil otker CorponuiouN, 
' riir " Ilctrmrlf.,' in p l+li 

art. 38.] 



instead of * I. ' Captains Miller and Berry, &c, hnve authen- 
ticated the truth, till my quitting the 8an Jusef to go ob 
board the Minervc, and further than this the Detail should not 
be printed. As I do not write for the press, there may be 
parts of it which require the pruning-knife, which T desire you 
, will use without fear. I pretend not to say tliat these Ships 
might not have fell, had I not boarded them ; but truly it was 
tiir from impossible but they might have forgeil into the 
J^[>nnlsh Fleet as the other two Ships did. I ho|K; for a good 
iicctiunt of tlie Santissima Trinidad ; she hsw been seen 
without masts, and some of our Frigates near her. 

February 2l8t. — Sir John has just sent me word the Hope 
goes for England in a few minutes : therefore, I can only say, 
believe mc ever 

Your most aficctiouate friend, 

IIoBATio Nei^son. 
Captain Martin' desires I make his best respects. My 
Pendant \s in this Ship. 


[From "Tbn AUn-nitiuu." The Heel skiled tntm Logos Baron ibr 'JMrJ. ami 
ehored la Uie Ti^fiis on Uio '28lli of Feliniiirv. The Hpuiiab Fleet nrrhTU ut Ciulix 
th* 3nl of M«rch.J 

I rT(>4i:^tiblc, off Lagon Bay, February '23nl, 1707. 
My dear Sir, 
It was not till yesterday that I heard from Captain Naylor, 
the Murines, and by a letter of November 2l8t, from Mrs. 
felson, thnt I heard of my friend Miss Suckling's marriuge, 
I should not have been so long in sending my congratu- 
tions on what I hope wHl turn out so pleasing an event.* I 
known her from her earliest days, and know that a belter 
jarl does not inhabit any breast : pray write to her from me, 
assure her from my heart I wish her every felicity. 

Cofiiiiii »r (be IrivsiiiiiblA, now .IdminU Mir Gewtce Moniii, (j.C.B^ 

, * Ml«< Surkliug, a natural dauglilcr of bi» uiii-le, Mr. Sui:kbuj(, niarriimi, on lL>- 
||1Uj of N<i««nik*r KlHl, ilniry WiiflKV. E'lj., tbeu of Worc««icr, ofl^nrarilii of 
iijTeru UoU, io Womickshirp, wbo it»aiiiucd (Ijp uomo of UrcKwuldr, in VkVA, tin 
ur«e«ilinK to Uw ettirfn of iboi family. 





The event of the late Battle has been most glorioua for 
England, imtl you will receive })leasure from the share I had in 
inalcing it a most brilliant day, the most so of any I know in tlic 
Annals of England. " NrUoiCs pattnt Bridge for l)oartiiug 
First-rates"' will be a sjiying never forgotten in this Flecl, 
whore all do me the justice that I deserve. The Victor)', and. 
every Ship in the Vleet, passing the glorious group, gave me 
three cheers. My hurt at the momeQt was nothing, but since, 
it has been attended with a suppression of urine, but the in» 
flaramation is gone off, and I am nearly recovered. It is not 
impossible but wc may meet the Dons again on our route to 
Lisbon, but I fancy I am to stay at sen when the Fleet enten 
the Tjigus. You will observe that I have changed my Ship; 
the Captain will never be fit to receive rae again, and the 
Admiralty must send me a new Ship. I beg my best and 
kindest remembrances to Mrs. Suckling, Mr. Rumsey, and all 
our friends at Hampstead ; and believe me over your most 
obliged and affectionate Nephew, 

Horatio Nelson.* 

[From Clarke imd M'Awliur, vol. i. p. 35A.] 

Irresislible, off Lisbon, 2CUi Frbmnnr. IT«?.» 


Particular circumstances having put the Spanish Rear- 
Admiral's Swordj Don Xavicr Francisco Winthuysen, into my 
hands, on the most [j^lorious 14th of February, and Admiral 

' Vide p. :i-lli, \\\i\x. 

* Abuitt UiiH {icriod NelaoD received tlie following Leuer from Jl. R. H. tbf Dnlif 
of Clarence : — 

" Richinotiii, Jnnuory OUi, 1707. 
" Dear Sir. 

" I nm to acknnwled^a* ibe receipt of yours of 'i't\i\ OuUilier, November 1 1 lb, atnl 
NuVL-mber '.IHtb, itll wliiob cKUie «afe to bantl, anil nbicb I would Imvc misKifvil 
Hoonor, but 1 buve been v<Tymucb eiignginl in Purlimiieul. 1 will bpgin byi^pKiuic 
lo YHHT iMcoiint uboiit Ibft eviicuiilion i>f Corsioii, lis il is iwnly nieniioncd in yutif* 
of '^Ocli Ocluber, luid conliiinH tbc wbole of November I lib. I rpjoiiv wilb tSX mf 
beikrl Ibe Ixluud is nii roorx imri<, luid piu-liculiu-ly, w> nniWr yuiir jaitiuioiiit .irnuij<r- 
nii-nl, w-(> liitvc lt>n nolb)ii>; Wbinii. 'I'be ilibnliiliuitx wrrr nrvrr out fttcud-!. «Iiil 
M tbe |iort« irt-n- biwl, I fbink the eipousi.' whm of no nsc ; indeed, <nir FlM<t ftlfm;* 
enn!iidi;r<ed L<>i;1ioru utt Ibe knt |>l(uic Ui rt;ftt. I ntit cutitideiU you 4iU encr 4i«- 

uhn Jervis having done mc the honour of insisting un my 

keeping |>osscssion of it, I know no place where it would give 

iB^mc or my family more pleasure to have it kept, than in the 

i^mCapital City of the County in whicii I had the honour to be 


" K, tliereforc, you think, Sir, that the Mayor and Cor[)oration' 
of Norwich would wish to accept such a present, I have to re- 
acst that you, as a Representative of Norwich, would send 
y Letter, and the box containing the Sword, to the Mayor. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From Uie A»8^nil>ly Book of ilie Cor^ionuion nf Norwicli.] 

Irrceistibk, oiTLiblion, QOiL Febrniuj-, 17117. 

Having the good fortune, on the most glorious 14th of 
Februih-y, to become posscBsed of the Sword of the Spanish 

lupiUb yourwlf: ilipn-fon' your exertious mivy anH niiwt Uave nstAnixliod ilm 

Drill. Iml not nip, who nm so well iiri|iiitiiil4><i willi your iiiprils. So fiur for 

i.'onicii, which I lio|>»; wf tiholl in future U'ove to its f«tc. I lielip're iii lli» 

lilitics nf Jr-rris, »uil in the pornl inilrr unJ disfiiiliuo of itny Fieri tiiiiler liin 

oiuniitnd miJ iiiiiip piirtiriilurly of <>iit> jmi well OfticpreJ — tlill, liowcvcr, even hiiil 

Imi joilHil jou, tirenly-(iri< Dri(i>«h Sliii»s nHijht iwt to h« Ti«kr<I ii'.miii«l lliirii/- 

finir iif the Eticniv. Miid's ntiDie intnxluces yours iif'JHih Noveinlior, anil I kLiiII 

lirgin with hiiti Ui>l. I iicrfeetlv aipree MJtli yuii lliut he has ai-ted wrnu^, though 

I itiiiM ilifTcr fruiu you ihut liin ri<iiKi>iiiM(; in right. A« he rccnvetl i»».itivt? onlew 

Vmn lioiiic, MiJ fnmi Jervi.s, to join ynit u|> the MntitprrniiPitQ, h« ninjht In 

k»ve gouc; ftill, hxTPVcr, the Oo^enunciit wciv iiyiidioiouH in krciiiiig the Flecl 

t\} the ^ft'Jil«"rnujettn nft«'r the I'djjo luid Kiu); of SajdcH hml intulo Peiwip, imil 

Tuniiru Wit*! no ntnre ours. I njoioir you nrc ill l.isbou. lUid ho|>fi yoii will ni"ver fr'i 

tbrr n^foiii than Gihi-altar. A-* for M«l^^ (.•luiiliicf itlinul viriiudliti^ his Fleifl, if proven 

119 infinity. I have tlic highest opiuinn of Ji;r>ii>, uitil niuke no iluuht \ik will do 

k^rrylliing in hi* jniwcr. A^ for you, luy tlrur Friend, J hope and Iwlievc you lm\o 

ODg known my opinioii of yoUi und whf never [ uni whei-^ 1 ought to hi% niiuiph. Hi 

lie licnd of ihi- Nu«y, it will be IxHh my duty and iuclinatiou to di-<tii]gui!«h you. 

ffitc n» circiimsKmcrs arise; for yotir leimp* we iiivitliiuhle. For the present, 

Lilieu; Mill ever brlieve me, Deiir bir, Yuiir» siticcrrly, William. — Aulwjruph, in 

Nvlsnn PiipcTK. 

'Norwich. — .Kl a Quurterly Aasetnhly, bdd the 'AtA M«T. 1707: — Ortlewd, 

Tbit tlip Honnmry Frwdom of tlii« City lie prcseulod to His Roynl Ilig'bn<*.«s I'lincu 

k'i11i«in Frederick (SSon of His Houil HiKhmrw!* ibi- Dltkn of 01oaet*trr ) now r»<>ii- 

nnt in lli>> Citv, and tbHi His Kii>id llixhiic-is be sworn lU liiiy Court of M<iyiiriitl<>. 

I'bii dty the C'lnuubrrlmii brought iiili) tbi; AMCicmbly tUv !Jword InU'Iy anai liy Kcar 




Rear Admiral Don Xavier Francisco Winthuyscn, in the wny 
Bet forth in the paper transmitted herewith, and being born 
in the County of Norfolk, 1 beg leave to present the Sword 
to the City of Norwich, iu order to its being preserved as a 
Memento of the Event, and of my Affection for my Native 

I have the honour to be. Sir, 

Your most obedient Servant, 

Horatio Nslson. 

rFroiD Clurke imd M'Arfliur, rol. i. p. 8.^0.] 

Inrsiatibte, Lubon, UHiL of FrbruiirT, 1*97. 

'We got up Leic witli our Prizes this afternoon: tlie morel 
think of our late Action, the more I am astonished; it abso- 
lutely appeal's a dream. The Santissima Trinidad, of four 

Adiuirnl Nelsimlu Mr. Mityor, with thi* follnning L<tU«r. [Vide itLvvi'.j Aud thi* 
AAteoibl) do iinonimcmHlT reiiirn Thtlnk^ ui Ailminil NcImui Tor iu» alt«utiou tu hit 
Naiive Couuif : And il (•* orderetl (hu the Houontr; >rcedoin of Uiu City Im p*- 
»«>tilH til biui< IU > Tr^timnny nf the bcdsp >>nlertiunei! uf hix j^lant totnloct in Ulr 
Aetiou on the (glorious lllb t'ebnmry, uid uf (be Mirricr!* be btt.« nindcm-il tn bU 
Kiag nnd Cotmtry on v«rioti» iici^MsJun«, i>ud that be be swum a Krct^niAii %i nq 
Court uf MnyorullT : Aur) the Attneiubly rt- iineal tlie Mnynr lo tratwiniit • Copy ol 
tbi« Order to AdininU Nelsou." — i>«MN the JtunMif Book t\f' thr Cmjtomli'Mt oj 

* It uppcitrs frotn ihe Wbiwiiig Kxtmci> fl-oiji Mrs. Nelson'* Letter of tbe i lib <4 
Marob, tbni Couimodort- Sdmui hiut written to heron the Idtli of Fcliriiwy. whM 
the Dispntcb roulAining ui itccoiiiii of the Vietury Irfl tbe Meet, and iMrnin on tbr 
2'4iid. To tt wife'*, were nulled n motbrr's fi^us for Uie cflbci ■■' •• Hf-m.- ..-».... 
HOP, Joaiab Nii<)>el, was n MtdOiipniaii of the CsplHiii:— 
" My deiirest rin.xband. 

" Yesterrlay I received your I>?tter of Felinmry !Hlh. Thank Ood yrm are w«H, 
and Joftiab. My ntiviety wiw far bi«yiiiid my powepn of rxuression. ISf. Sels«n ant 
Captnin L'lekcr behaved luiniiuiely, and aiteniive lo me. Tbey wrote iniuii'diat*)y. 
Captain Locker assuring n»e yon were perfectly well, Mntinei' begi^n^ tne not lo 
beUe\"e idle report*, the rinxKlti.' Mi^'inp yon were xli^fblly wonuded. Allo(fr't>»er, my 
dearest bnsbitnd, wiy snffeHiijj> weiv ^^al. Liuly Sanmare/ [wlw«e bnxliand, Caj»- 
tain Sit' .Ituneo Sanmnrex, comnmndnl the tlrioii in lb'' Dnttle,] eanie nitintng to lell 
lue Kbe htid LeUers friiin lit-i' liiisbaud — uU tbiii wua uii thiN i[ay week. Tie ffmk* 
generoiialy and manly about you, and ronislndcd by laytbg, " Comiiuidnre Nels<iti'i 
conduct U above pntiie,' Von were nniveniaUy the Mibjeel of eouverfaiion. ' 

Mtn. NeWon Ibeii de«crilMtd ibe polite ii|>erciiet< uiiide lo her, and thns natnrWIy 
exprenseil her alarai about hnunliuij : — 

•• t wimll nut l>e niy»elf till I bear ft-oni yon again. Wlwl Mii I aiKbipl lo a*| 

nJtr. 38.] 

^^Vdecks, lost (ivc hundred killed and wounded ; bad not my 
H8hip been so cut up, I would have had her; but it is well, 
^ thank God for it! As to myself, I assure you I never was 

P better, and rich in the praises of every man from the highest 
ito the lowest in the Fleet. The Spanish War will give us a 
Cottage and a piece of ground, which is all I want, I shall 
.come one day or other laughing back, when we will retire 
rom the busy aceoes of life : I do not, however^ mean to be 
fa hermit; the Dons will give us a little money. 

If my Father should at any time wish for any part that is in 

{>iay Agent's hands, I beg he would always take it, for that 

[ivould give me more real pleasure than buying house or land. 

go to sea the day after to-morrow in this Ship, with a 

i S((uaxlron to be oif Cadiz, consisting of the Irresistible, Orion, 

£c. Sir John Jervis has already spread tlie Frigates; and I 

shall return by the time his Fleet is ready for sea. 

Yours, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

fon •itoat Borurdiiig 7 Yon iMve been most ironderAilly proU'cied : ;ou h»,\t (toite 

•fFr>t«> wiitins ennngb. Now mny 1 — indeed I do — boj^ tbtU you never Bunrd 

Li-iivt it for Cuplaim. How rejoiced .lo. mriBl Lure been In Lnvcsccn you, 

Itoiigli it WKt but au absence or twu moiitlM. To-mon'ow i» mir wcddiiig-di«y, 

rhm il K>i»e me n d*:ar Lu.iIuiimI, my cUild (he be»l of AitLept. I Lo|ie he will drxervc 

lilc>Miujfa Providrnec tins In^Ktowed uu hiin." . . "Do Coiuc lionin litis 

r, or in lh(< autumn. It i» siuil n cbongc in Administration would certainly 

inken |dAce, Imd not ibii) wonderful mid fnrtuuHte Victory iHkrn pliu'e. Admiral 

^wfcer, it Mcmv, bod written ibe C)i|itiuii mid Ciillodeu bore tlie Imint of tlie Action. 

[laataiit have I received a letter from Lord Moutl, telling me ijir Kuberl Colder 

>ne lo PorUsinoiitli. Tbiink yon, my dearest huxLmud, u tboiiMud limes, fur 

i>wr letter of Febniory 'Z'luA. God bleHa iiud iiroiuet yoti, and my Jo.— cnnm all your 

ea^oiiTi with «Heee»<<, iind giiuil uo n buppy mectinii(. 1 con bear all my eittreme 

fi.irtune. Ymir aflWliunate WtA;, FhjlHCBS II. TA^lMOH.'-'— Autograph, in ibfl 

(eUon I'aiiers. 

The fears for his safety whieh \x\* exploit.* hod excited, agiiiu «liew tlicin'elvM iti 

I.,etier of the "ifHh of March ; — " I Nincerely hope, my dear hn^ibHiid, that all 

«rondrr^)l luid de>q)irraie oelioiu — such im bnortling ShtpK — ynu will lea*c to 

With tlie protection of a ^i(lpreme Deiuj;, you have acquired a uUoravter, 

y, ull hands agree eimnnt be greater: Iherefore, re«t aoliffleil. What 

1 «ay to ail tliis ? he is »eflJioned." — IhiU. 





rOrigii)«l, it) fbf ponscfisiou of the Dowbrit Laily de Snumorvtr Tbr 
Ncl*ou')i Sijuiulrtiii, wiut tu wnti-li ihe S]>Rui:tli Fleet, niid to interrcjil ihr > . 
Mrtico, whu was pxpectod u CiniU with ■ large treiumv, escorted b; two Irmt 
ttatr* luni u Sevemyfoux.j 

Rendezvous, — Secret . 

By Horatio Nebon, Esquire, Commodore, &c. 
S. S. West from Cape St. Vincent*s, about 25 leagueis ; 
Latitude from 35° SO N. to 36" 10' N., stretching from thence 
towards Lavachc, on the Coast of Barbary. A Ship will alwayj 
be kept on the Rendezvous, in case I should leave it ; notjinding 
me by the \lth, to return to Lisbon^ 

Given on board the Irresistible at Lisbon, March 2nd, 

Horatio Nelson. 

[Indoreed by Conunodore Nclsoii.J 
Rendezvous not to be opened, but in case of separatioo. 


[-\ulogn»iilj, iii ibe Nelson Papc-rs.] 

[Apparently uboui Marcb. 17HT.] 

From August 10th 1796, Commodore Nelson has a right 
to share as a Flag-Officer. 

A Privateer taken by Minerve,* sold for one thousand 

A Dutchman by ditto, condemned at Gibraltar, from Cette. 

A ditto by Diadem, and at Porto Ferrajo. 

Spanish Prizes known : 

Augustus Frederick 2,000 

Mahonesa. . . . • 10,000 

Spanish Pt>lacca 2,000 

Ditto, ditto, by Miner\'e oOO 

Carrj' forward 14,500 

' Till' words in iinlics were mlilcil in NcIaoh's own Loud. 
• On llir 23«l vt Det-cDilHT, 17l»0. 

BT. 38.] 



Brought forward 14,500 

St Antonio 2,(XK) 

Jcsu Maria 15,000 

Virgen del Carmen 1,000 

Active 1,000 

Nostra Signora 26,000 

Negro Arigo 6,000 

Signora Misericordin 16,000 

Cttbano 25,000 

Santa Natolia 100,000 

Foudroyaut 25,000 

Spanish Brig from Porto Rico, by Transfer . . 4,000 

Ditto, ditto, by CaroUne and Seahorse . . . 12,000 

French and Spanish Brigs, by Pallaa , . . . 8,000 

Spanish Brig, by Southampton 2,000 

Four Spanish Ships of War 180,000 


Thus far known : more are taken, but no particulars known. 


^^^^B [From the " Nsval CUroniolf," vol. x. p. 280. J 

^^^^ March r>, 1707. 

^F My dear Admiral, 

^^M I send you a Narrative^ of the transactions of the Captain 
Hon the 14th of February, and also the Sword of one of the 
Officers (I believe Second Captain of the San Nicolas) with 
which he killed one of my seamen. 

How hard this wind is not to let us out, but I hope it is at 
its last gasp. Believe me, my dear Sir, 

Your most obliged and affectionate humlile servant, 

HoiiATio Nelson.* 

f, bwl the lo«nl is properly ■W7,»"MX). 

• Thinl in rumninnil o«i the 1-ltli of Fplininry, aftcrwrinh rreatcd Lord Itwi^iork, 
Ilia tcrviccs on thni ilnr. Many Lettcn to Lonl RiulNloek from Nel.<uiii, ivill \w 

VUlul in 5>iiti««qMriii |>iul8 of lht» Work. 
» Mile p. 341). nutr. 

* The Bfw^ of till? Victory of the 1-llh of Fcbnuu'j' fcachc*! Loudon on lb*- rinl of 
Iturch; ojid about the '^lat of thiU month Sir John Jcrvis aud hit Ofliuers uid 

LETTEB& [1797. 

[From Clarhc and M'AtiLiir, vol. i. p. art."*.] 

[On or itboat 12Ui ilUach. I71»7 ) 

It is almost a pity to give the Viceroy a chance of eludiug 
our vigilance ; as yet we have never covered a less space than 
from twelve to twenty-eight leagues. Respecting myself, I 
wish to stay at sea, and as I have directed Captain Miller to 
provide rac with everything nccessarj-, whether in the Captain 
or in any other Ship, I beg if any Line-of-Battle Ships are 
left out either on this side of the Straits, or to the eastward of 
Gibraltar, that I may be the man : and this brings forward a 
subject which 1 own is uj)pcnnost in my mind — tlie safety of 
our TroojJs.* Should they embark from Elba, the FiCTCh 
have a number of Shi[>s at Toulon, and may gel tw(», lhrce,or 
four ready, with a number of Frigates, and make a push fof 
our Convoy. I am willing, as you know, to go eastward to 
cover them even to Porto Ferrajo, or off Toulon, or Minorca, 
as you may judge proper; and if they arc on their passage, 
you will not, I presume, go to the westward until they arrive 
at Gibraltar. I have said much, but you have spoiled me by 
allowitig me to speak aud write freely ; yet be assured I mean 
nothing further than my wish to undertake this service, if yoa 
approve of it. 

I am, &c., 

Horatio Nelson. 

Men received lUc apinobMion of tb« iuug Tor tLeir services, wkkb lie Uiiu roa 
v»jr«l U) Nelsou : — 

" Viclory, Tagns, '^Isl efMntb, 17JI7. 

" Jd obediouoe to the oonunuula of the Lordv Oonunimoiier> of tlie Ailmirtli} 
by fur the pleasautesl I ever rerrived, I liave the hnnpur to convev to yoa |M;piuniUl; 
XUs Miyc-itj's inoMt grAciiiiiHiippriibiitiixi -jf your diwliiiguiabed serriees iiitlir ApiIou 
wilb ibe Fleet of Hpoiii, oil the lUU of IVbruwr, signified throiigb Karl ijfM'UMr t» 
the Lords Conilutii:iiiiiu'n> uflJie AdiuiriUly." — Sir .Uilui .Icnis uImo (ron-nilttMl ta 
liini Ibi- Ibniiks of botb Houses of Purlimueiii, uuj of ibe Coriiomtiou of I . 
Cinrkr iinil M' Arthur, vol. i. ji. ;|"iO, It wit» |irobubl; on the soiuc oociuiui 
w«a iiifonnod of lii* promotion to the rank of lieiu--AdimjiU. 

* Left II Elbn, vide p. 6i'6, aute. 





Mognpli, in tbc poMcxsion of Mn. Conw«y. Mr. M'ArUiur, while Loni Hood's 
was ouc of Mebou's Agents for Prlxcsi.] 

Irresiatiblc, off L«gos B«y, MnrcU Ifltli, 1707. 

My Dear Sir, 
four letter of November 30th, by Aurora, I only received the 
inning of this month before I lefl Lisbon, and the various 
IS of Ships for Corsica. I believe if every Ship can be stated 
ly as they state themselved, an opinion might be taken 
An eminent lawyer. For instance, Tartar assisted in 
stores, and in drawing up one gun from such a time 
uch a time; the Scout was in sight of Bastia from the 3rd 
to the 7th, and was fired at — and so of the others. I do not 

Jlicvc that these claims ought greatly to us who had 
t whole service. 1 think when each Ship states her services. 
It we ought to resort to the King in Council ; as to Ships 
•ring tlie guns, it is ridiculous. 1 heard the guns which were 
ed at San Fiorcnzo — the Ships in Torto Ferrajo heard both. 
1 wish you had told me about our Genoese vessels, which 
money we have lodged, I hojie, on interest — pray tell ine 
about it. 

am here looking for the Viceroy of Mexico, with three 
i\ of tlie Line, and hope to meet him. Two First Rales and 
\it4 are with him ; but the larger the ships the better the mark, 
who will not fight for dollars?* The Spanish Fleet are 
Cadiz, the Officers hooted and pelted by the mobility, 
lir first report was, the Action happening on a foggy day, 
|cn the t'o<^ cleared up, they only saw fifteen Sail of the 
je, therefore concluded at least five were sunk in the 
tion. My usual good fortune attended mc which I know 
will give you, amongst my other friends, satisfaction. I only 

^^■01^ the M<ini«Tuiis ViTM'k wiitlpu on the Victory of Ht, Vincent weiv tlic 
iiH|. In fmiviiiirrirr of tin- M'nrcitv of <ni*i<lr, 9|NUii<*)i r>nlliir» wpit isniind 
fftlBtnk on the IDili of Mveli, 1797, nf ilie viUii« nf is. Vrf., liiil Iher wen* 
nvailed on ilio Ini of Octnbfr, in ilip "iim'' yen. (tn <>(irli Dollar (he Kiiig'a bii«t 
•u tinick on iIn> writ of the King nf bpain : 

The wldiiionnl head uit Ibe Dolltr impms'J 

Is to rircnlnlr .lenisS fuar; 
To li;» viilmir 'tin iiwinj;, il lun^t hr roufi-ssM. 
Knglaitd mule an iuiitreoiiiott on Spun. 

364 LETTERS. fl787. 

got oil board the Captain at seven o'clock in the evening of 
tho 13th. I aball write Lord llood when anything here 
{M-'eura. In the meantime I Ix'g you will make my most kind 
remembrances to him and Lady Hood ; and do you believe 

Your most faithful hiunble servant, 

UouATio Nelson. 


[From CUrite ftttd M'ArlLur, vol. i. p. 3&0.] 

Off Cope St. Vincent, Mwcli 5Wni, I'Ti. 

The Spanish fleet went into Cadiz on the 3nl of the roonth, 
the Santissima Trinidad witli ihcm. They acknowledge she 
had struck, but thut a Sevcnly-fotir sent a boat on board, aiid 
hoisted her colours again, which they give as a reason why 
she did not l.iy her hca<l towards our Fleet.' I feel a grcM 
satisfaction in this account being confirmed, as I believe all 
will allow that I had more action with her than any Ship in 
our Fleet ; and I am siu'c your Royal Highness will have plea- 
sure in likewise knowing, that my conduct has not cscapeil tlie 
notice of the Spanish Fleet, who now in Cadiz do justice tM 
the Broad Pendant. 

I am looking out with an anxious eye for the Viceroy of 
Mexico, but I fear he will go to TenerifTe. The Spanish 
Fleet is, fit and unfit, thirty Sail of the Line in Cadiz, and I 

' It Djipenrs almost crrtAin that tbc Santift^ima Trinidml did snrrcnder kcncK 
Ciiluiiel DriiilrwBter snyx — 

"In tlie origiuiil NnnMCive. I ineutioued Uio cirrtumsbuifte liuiiiitrilllv, iiIiU»ii|^ 1 
cnii nflinn tliat, in an iutfrvnl of the cleiuiug awny of the smoke, I !taw • wlute 0«f 
flying over (he Spiuib*h Giisign, importing her HiuTcnder. I iiifiitionefl the (ari (e 
thofie near me at the linte ; but the di<*comf)ied 8hi|>, being at ibiit moment *nf 
ported by the division of eight Shiptt cut off in the moniing, but which lutd nnv 
rejoined their fiieud.H to wiudwani, drifted avray nudcr their pmiecUou, diKtaAxbtl, 
aitd A Ing on the wmer. Such was her cripplfd oiate, that *h« xr<i« alJowrd in «e;>»- 
rule from the main body of the Enemy's Klcel. and was Keen (lus wns reported Wtnir 
the IJvely left the Uriiinh Sqiinilrou ) nioue, off Cape Hi. Majry's, nuiJiiug the limt of 
lier way into Poll, where ^be evi-ntuiilly «iTi%e<l. Man> yeiuii, howevi-r, lUd not 
fhip^e berore ihc souie RautisNiuin Trinidiul became w prixe In iLii llprti, irljii eU' 
gnged her ^n gallAiiily mt ihfi Hih of rebmary, iti the biill niorr uiemnrablc *Bi 
trcMivudou?! Battle ofl' Cniie TrufiUgur, in C^ctober, ItfOO." — A'lnfo/dt', p. bL 

IT. 38.] 



pcise twenty will be ready for sea by the first week in 
. I am assured fit^een Sail of tlie Line are ordered to 
rol, and both Squadrons are destined for Brest, making 
ty Sail from the two Ports of Cadiz and Fen'ol. I trust 
ir John Jervis will be reinforced ; at present his situation is 
not very pleasant. Eighteen two-decked Ships are to perform 
two services ; at least this is what strikes me as necessary, viz. 
to see our Army safe from Elba, and to prevent the Spanish 
Fleet sailing with impunity from Cadiz. If Sir John stays oft' 
Cadiz, the French will push out two or three Sail of the Line, 
and most probably take our Army ; if he goes into the Straits, 
the Dftachnicnt from Cadiz gets unmolested to Fcrrol : here 
is a choice of difficulties. I have ventured to propose to the 
Admiral, letting me go with two oi three Sail of the Line, 
off Toulon, or to Elba, as may be necessary, and for the Fleet 
to stay outside. I beg your Royal Highness will nut think 
that I am in the liabit of advising my Commander-in-Chief; 
but Sir John Jervis has spoiled me by encouraging me to give 
my opinion freely ; knowing that it is not iniperiinence in mo, 
I have thought it right to say thus much. 

An American who left Cadiz two days past tells us, that 
Corduva" is sent to Madrid as a prisoner, and that every Ad- 
miral and Captain arc under arrest imtil their conduct can be 
inquired into; and it is said they arc determined to fight us 
again. Captain Oakes is now at my elbow, and desires me to 
I gay everything respectful for him. 

^B^ Horatio Nelson. 


■^Auiograpli, ill the Nelson Papers. Thctv \a uiotlier Fnpcr in Uie aune C<]|lee> 
ttuii, contniiiiiiK similivr N'utc-ii; hihI iUe fi-w facia stated ill it, wbicli do not oiwur iu 
tliror Mrniomiiilii, arts here tulAvd Mithiii t>rnL'ket>>.J 



[Apimrently written in Miiroli, 1T07.] 

August 19th. — Received the fire of Fort Cavaliere, and look 
a Ship from Marseilles bound to Smyrna. 

■ Tbe luic Commuider in Chief of tlie Spotusli Fleet. 



October 2 1st. — Engaged the Melpomene, of 40 gana^ IJQJ 
men; La Minerve, 40 guns, 420 men; La Fortunoe, 
guns, 350 men; La FIcchc, 28 guns, 220 men; whenbeingS 
much (liiiahled, the Eueuiy left me. 


January 21st. — LaDclcd about four miles from San Fiorento: 
burnt the only water mill in that part of the Countr.-, and 
(li'Stroyed a. magazine of corn and flour. Four French 
frigates were lying in San Fiorenzo. 

February 6 th. — Landed at Centuri : burnt fourPolacca ships, 
loaded with wne for the French, at San Fioren/o. 

F'ebruary 8th. — Landed at Magginagio, burnt eight Sail of 
Vessels, took four, and destroyed about 2000 tons of vrmc. 
Captain Nelson struck the French colours with his o^i 

February 12th. — Attacked a French courier-boat, who 
crew got on shore at Capraja : after a very smart contest, ii 
which I lost six men, carried her. 

February 19th. — Landed at Lavizena, took the tower 
Miomo, distant three miles froui Bastia, and drove tt 
French within gun-shot of the walls of Bastia.* 

February 24th. — Rim down the town of Bastia, and can- 
nonaded it for two hours, 

February 26th. — Drove the French from a work they wet 
making to the southward of Bastia. 

March 18th. — Landed at Erbalonga, stayed on shore aloue wit 
the CQi"sicans for two days, and reconnoitred the whol( 
works of Bastia, from which I gave my decisive opinion 
to the practicability of taking the Town. 

April ."ird to May 26th. — Landed, for the Siege of Basti 
jointly with Colonel Villcttes, 1000 Marine troops, 300 set 
men ; the Town surrendered May 22nd, after our battcrlc 
had been open forty days. 

June 18th to August 12th. — Landed for the Siege of CalvH 
batteries opened July 5th. Town surrendered August 10th ; 
batteries open twenty-six days. 

• "Onvc il lip In the frifiiiJIy Corsicniid. ' 

^T. 88.] 



[October IsL — Took a Brig under the French battery of Cape 


arch i;Uh. — Enpjaged the Cu Ira for two and a half houw; 

killed on board her 1 10 men. 

arch 14th. — Engaged with the Fleet. 
July Sill. — Fired at by the French FleeL] 
tJy 13th, — Engaged with the Fleet. 
August 14th. — Took some Enemy's vessels under the Forts 

of AJassio.] 

ugU£t 26ib. — Took eleven Sail out of Alassio.' 

September 6ih. — Took a Brig from under the Fort of 


^pril 25th. — Took four Sail of Frenchmen from under the 
batteries of Loano, after a smart contest. 
[May 8th. — Took two Vessels from under the batteries of 

ay 31st. — Took six Sail of Frenchmen from the batteries of 
Torre deirArcno, after some resistance. 


ly lOth. — Took in conjunction with Jilajor Duncan, the 
Fortresses and Town of Porto Ferrajo. 
ptembcr 11th. — Fired at by the batteries of Genoa.] 
ptcnibcr 18th. — Took in conjunction with Major Logan,! 
the Island of Capraja, the Garrison surrendering prisoners 
of ^var. 

lobcr 19th. — Embarked the Vice-Roy, tind all our troops 
from Bastia, the French being in possession of the Citadel, 
and landed ihcm the same day at Porto Fcrrajo. 

La Minekve. 

cembcr liJih. — Fought and took l^a Santa Sabina of 40 
guns; twcnty-c'iglit 18-ponndci's on her main deck, 286 
men, after an action of two hours at id fifty minutes. 

ceniber 20ih. — Fought the Santa Matilda of 34 guns. She 
ran awnv, or I am confident we should have taken her, 

In ibr Dlbf-r McmoMndn, >* A't(?»st 'ifiih, inok lunc Sail of Vcsstla," 

368 LETTEB& 

we being at the same time closely pursued b}* two Sponw 
Ships of the Line and two Frigates. 

February 14th. — Engaged with the Fleet. 


[Autograph drangrbt, in Uie 74«Uoii Pap«re.] 

Captain, off Ci^ St. Mar} 'a, April 2ud, 1T9T. 

My Lord, 

Yesterday I had the honour of receiving your Lordsliip's 
letter* of March 1 7th, signifying to me his Majesty's most 
graciims intention to confer on me the Most Llonourulik' 
Order of the Bath, as a mark of his Royal approbation of my 
conduct on several occasions during the present War, May 
I presume, through your Lonlship, who have so favourably 
represented my services to the King, to present tay most pro- 
found and humble acknowledgments to his Majesty for this 
most distinguished nuuk of his Royal Favour ? 

I feel it would be presumptuous in me to say more than to 
acknowledge the very handsome manner in which your Lord- 
ship has been pleased to execute his Majesty's commands 
anil that I am. 

Your Lordship's most obliged Servant, 

lIosATio Nelson. 


"AdminUtT, 17tli Mnrcb, I7f 

"I have Tfh Mi^p^ity's coniinojiilK to arqiiniul run, thnl iu order to mark UU 
Royal apiirubtitluii of your Niu'retHrMl and gulluiil pxorliuim on MVcrnI iktmii 
diirii))(tlie oinirsD of ilie present Wiir in tlif M(>(liu>rraiU'aii. ami innrc particnUr 
your very JiHtingiii><IiKd cuniliut in llie srioriuus and brilliiuu Victury olitnined 
Ihr Fleet of Spain l>y His Mnjfsty's VWi'\, nndor the comimin'l of Adniirvl Sir Joka 
jRrvis, 0)1 ilio 14ili of ]'Vliniiir> Iti-si, tlix MiijcMiy ha.*< lu'cn plpnMJ lo itignitfl 
inl(«ntion of coiifcrrini;; on you the Most llimiuiruble Order of tli* Baih. wiUi whfc 
is HIh Mnji?3t)~'s iileiL^iiri* lliiU yon should lie lnvost(><l, wlien the pnipw awa 
can b« taken for Ihnt |iiir|>OAe. 1 have great satiKfaction iu conminniriUing idJ 
this very dislLngiu'vhed mark of the Royal it]iprohaiiou. 

" I ant, &c. 


Mt, 38.] 



[From L'lu'ko ami M'.Vrilnir, \()1. ii. p. U.] 

!4i«l April, 1707, 

Your Royal Iliglincss, who has known me for every hour 
upwards of sixteen years, will do me justice in saying, that at 
no one i^eriod of my life did my zeal and duty to my Kin^jf 
snd Country abate ; and I must rejoice in having gained the 
good opiuion of my Sovereign, which I once was given to 
tmderstand I had no likelihood of enjoying.' With every 
sentimeut of the most dutiful attachment, believe mc to be 
your Royal llighncss's faithful ger\'ant, 

Horatio Nelson. 


[From Clark« aud M'ArlLiir, Vol. ii. j>. O.j 

k April, 1707. 

though we caji afford no more than a Cottage — yet, with a 
tented mind, my dearest Fanny, my Chains, Medals, and 
Ribbons arc all-sufficienL We must be contented willi a little, 
and the cottage near Norwich, or any other i>lace you like 
;er, will, I assure you, satisfy me. Do not mention this 
'k of the Royal Favour* to any one except my Father. Be 
assured, whether my letters are long or short, yet still that my 
heart is entirely with you. With love to my father, believe 
^^nc Tour most affectionate husband, 
^K Horatio Nelson. 


(Autograph iu tlie NeUon Paper*.] 

Ciiptuiii, ofTCoiw Su Vinoeui'it, Aiiril Otii, 1T9T. 

My dear Brother, 

Many thanks for your kind letter of March 13th, and I bog 

you will thank all our friends for their kind congratulations; 

and I must be delighted, when, from the King to the Peasant, 

lall are willing to do me honour. But I will partake of no- 

» Vjd*Tol. i. p. 204. 

* Th<! Onler of Uw BiUJi- 'l'boiig(li bo wos niip'tinled on Uie I7t)i of MmtU, tlip 
Honour wni not notifl«ti iu titr Luiiduu (jazette iiutil iLe 'i7Uj of Mnr. 

VOL. 11. 

B B 




thing but what shall include CoUiogwood and Troubridge" 
We are the only three Ships who made great exertions on 
that glorious day : the others did their duty, and some 
exactly to my satisfaction. We ought to have had the Sai 
tissijna Trinidad and the Soberano, seventy- four. The}' 
belonged to us by eonquest, and only wanted some 
fellow to get alongside them, and tlicy were ours. But it i 
well ; and for that reason only we do not like to uay mucL 

Sir John Jervis is not quite contented, but says not 
ptiblicly. An anecdote in the Action is honourable to 
Admiral, and to Troubridge and myself. Calder* said, •! 
the Captain and CuUoden are separated from the Fleet, and 
unsupported: shall we recall them?' — ' I will not have them 
recalled. I put my faith in those Ships: it is a disgrace that 
they are not supported and separated,' 

Success hides a multitude of liiulls, Wc have just spoil 
a Vessel from Cadiz : Cordova and three Captains are co 
demned to he shot; but it is said Cordova's sentence wH 
not be carried into execution, but I should think it will, 
appease the people *, but he certainty does not deserve 
although many of his Fleet do. The Admiral joined me fronT 
Lisljon on the 2nd, and on the ^3rd, we looked into Cadi| 
Their West India Convoy was to have sailed that day : nq 
I do not expect they will sail this summer; for I have nlT 
idea they will Jiglu us again. However, they may, in a mon^ 
or two, be forced out. I am come off here to look for 
Viceroy, with Cullodcn and Zealous, and La Minerve; liu 
do not expect any success. You will not be surprised to hi 
I have declined all hereditary Honours ; and as to entailiui 
Title, unless you have a good estate to send with it, you send 
misery; and, till I became a Flag-officer, I had not made both 
ends meet Chains and Medals are what no fortune or con- 
nexion in England can obtain ; and I shall feel prouder 
those than all the Titles in the King's power to bestow. Pt 
remember me kindly to Mrs. Nelson, our Aunt, your CI 
dren, the Rolfcs, and all our friends at SwafFham, and belici 
me ever, your most afTcctionatc brother, 

HonATio Nelson, 

* AltiiiUn^ to ihr ]ia.rtitU ilUtiribiiiiau of MciluU for I.nnl Howe's Victory ia 11 

• rir"i Capliiiu to Sir .lohn Jervb, or Cftploiii of Ule Fleel. 

r. 38.] 



Captain Berry, who is a Post- Captain, late my First Lieu- 
tnant, has promised to call upon yon. lie is going to visit 
sister, who ia manned, and lives at or near Tofts. You will 
id him n vci'y pleasant and gcntlemaulikc man. 

[AutogMph, in lli» |M)uession of Mrs. ConwtT.] 

rnptnin. ofTCwliz, lOili Ajiril, 1707. 

My dear Sir, 
Many thnnks for your most kind congratulations on our late 
icccss ; but I hope eoon the good j^eoplc of England will have 
Hmething else to talk about — more recent victories ; for if our 
lipe ore but carried close by the Officers, I will onswer for n 
Fleet being always successful. I have to thank yoti 
)r your account of Prizes pending in the Admiralty Court, 
id will, an soon as I have time, and get hold of Cockburn,' 
5nd you the names of the Ships who share for them, and also 
le power to take the money for distribution, but we had 
»tter be sure of no appeals before wo hurry the paymonL 
The Spaniards threaten ua they will come out, and take their 
svenge : the sooner the better; but I will not believe it till I 
Be it; and if they do, what will ilic mines of Mexico or Peru 
juify, compared with the honour I doubt not we shall gain 
fighting an angry Don ? They will have thirty Sail of the 
\ we twenty or twenty-two ; but fear we shall have a peace 
?fore they are ready to come out. What a sad thing that will 
1 1 We have reports of great expected changes ; whoever is 
inisicr, will, I ho[ie, get us an honourable peace. I suppose 
Ship is to be sent out for me, but I hope not the Gibraltar. 
i*he Captain is little better than a wreck. When you sec 
ird Hood, I beg you will make my kindest remembrances 
to his Lordship and Lady Hood; and beUeve me, my dear 
Jir, your much obliged, 

Horatio Nei-son. 

' * C^>Uln, now Adniiiid Sir Qeorge Co«kbuni, so ofteu mpBtionvd ; l>« ili«n cr>Tn- 
. La Minenrc. 

B n 2 




f j\nU)grapli, in iLe possession of Hn. CoowAV.] 

t'i{tlMn, off Cadiz, April ICKh, 
Dear Sir, 

In answer to your circular letter of January 31st, just 
received, I send you my opinion relative to Bastia and Cnlvi; 
and <lesire that should the unjust claims of the Windsor 
Castle and Inflexible, with many others, be attended to, that 
a claim is laid in for San Fiorenzo for the Agamemnon, as 
she was one of the Ships actually employed in the blockade of 
the Port, and without which no Frigates could have been 
taken, and also never being out of hearing of the gnus, and 
making a diversion of the Enemy's Force by two landings on 
the opposite side of the Island, about twelve miles dist 
and cannonading Bastia, &c. &c. 

I am, dear Sir, your very humble Servant, 

IIoRATio Nelson. 

This claim is only just, if the others, far less so, are com-j 
plied with. II. N. 

Melcager, Amphitritc, Leda, &c, &c., Billet, and innur 
rable gun-boats, must not be forgot, should all ridiculoo 
claims be allowed. II. N. 

If Captains Hunt and Bullcn share, I insist that Haltowell 
do the same, I am ready to bear testimony he did more service 
than viosf of us. 

[Originul, signoil hy Rear Admirol Nelson, in Ibe poaseasion of Mrs. Conw«]r.] 

Victory, Princess Royal, Fortitude, Agamemnon, Goro 
arc the only Ships employed, first to the, at Basti 
Tiie Illustrious and Tartar, with the LTmperiense, hml mc 
of the Siege than any other Ships except those first me^ 
tioncd. The others came and went occasionally to tl 
Commander-in-Chief; and, of course, if any service was 
to be performed din-ing their stay, or they could bring any- 

rr. 3^.] 



ling from the places they came from, of course they could 

3ot do othcn;\'isc than do so. The Terrible eatuc one 

and several other Ships ; but I cannot conceive they can 

»vc a right to share c({ual to every Ship and man who was 

'employed, at the iinminciit risk of his life, from the first to 

_Uie last. But, so far from throwing any impcdimcul in the 

f, I am ready they should share in the manner as follows : 

-Let each Ship state llic number of days she was actually 

jploycd in the Siege of Bastia, which will, of course, give 

number of men, and let it be divided in this manner. It 

lay give a little trouble ; but then the man who served forty- 

; days vriU be paid, and the man who served one day will 

be paid, each according to his labour. If the Officers who 

interested, being there the whole Siege, jigree with me, 

esire the point njay not be given up. — Amtccr to the FirnU 

Answer to t/u Second. — The Troops serving as Marines, and 

le Marines of every Ship of the Line and Frigate in the 

Icet Ix^ing ordered ashore for the Siege of Bastia, by Sir 

^illiaui Scott's opinion every Ship ought to share, who had any 

len belonging to her on shore, on the principle, I suppose, 

ihut ihose on board did their duty. It appears very fair j and 

Sir William Scott prepared to say, that as the Ships are to 

larc with us who are on shore, that we shall share with 

lose who are afloat, and took prizes ? If it is justice to one, it is 

to the other. The Alcide and Egmont are in the same slate 

ither Ships in the Fleet, except bringing part of the Troops 

San Fiorenzo, and, of course, having the trouble of landing 

ihem, and assisting from April 4th to April lllh, by landing 

)fficers and Seamen which were then embarked, and only 

le Soldiers remained during the Siege. 

Answer to the Third. — Tlie Windsor Castle can have less 

to share than almost any Ship. She was laying in San 

Hiorcnzo. If a Commander-in-Chief chooses to order one 

mdred men out of every Ship in his Fleet, can this entitle 

Jose men to share for prizes taken by that Ship ? Alost of 

Ships brought out of Toulon had men lent from different 

npe : I will be bold to say, not one of those men were in 

ly Prize List for those Ships ; nor, if those Ships they were 

mt to had taken a Prize, would the Ships they belonged to 



have presumed to claim as aiding and assisting at ilie cnpluK? 
For instance) the Captain has fifty men on board the Sou 
Josef, late her Prize, but now commissioned : should the San 
Josef take a Prize going home, by Sir NVilliani Scott'« 
opinion the Captain has a right to claim, on the ground that 
part of the company of the Captain were on board at the capture, 
and the Prize could nut have been taken but by tlic assistance of 
men lent from different Ships. By the Proclamation, dioee 
men cannot share for what the Captain takes, iior can the Cap- 
lain share for what those men may take : at all events the 
Officers ai-e different, I dispute the Windsor Castle sharing. 

Anmper to the Fourth. — The Scout to be allowed the number 
of days. Dido and L'Aigle not one moment employed during 
the Siege. They probably brought something from Leghorn 
which we wanted. They are different from Romney and 
Tartar, who had some hard fag ; and for a number of days 
every Ship in the McditeiTanean was part of the hostile Force, 
as Sir William Scott trails it ; for each had some men on shore. 

Answer to the Fifth. — Captain Ferris has no claim, but just 
as much as the Windsor Castle and many other Shi{>s. 

Answer to thi Siafh. — Captaii» BuUen and Captain Hunt were 
em|)loyed during the Siege, and, in justice, have a right to 
share ; but what does the Proclamation say ? I suppose these 
gentlemen tu be Volunteers on board Ship — how would they 
share? — not with the Captains, but as Volunteers, with the 
last class; nor can a Commander-in-Chief order two Cuptaios 
to share for the same Ship. But, for my part, I desire that these 
gentlemen may be put upon tlie Prize List, as Captains. Why is 
Captain Hallowell omitted ? He rendered more service than 
almost any other Officer. If these share, I insist that he docs. 

Answer to the Last. — Every Ship that is commissioned by 
Great Britain must, in a certain degree, contribute to the 
success of her Arms, in every quarter of the Globe, although 
not actually present. For instance, had there been no Fleet 
in the Channel, the French might have come up the Mediter- 
ranean and taken us all : therefore the Home Fleet certainly 
took care of us and covered us. The farther they kept the 
Enemy ofl^, the more to their credit. This reasoning of Sir 
WilUam Scott's is carried loo far. On the whole I desire the 

Ut. 88.] 


[opinion of the first>nanicd Ships may be lakcn, aiiJ I agree 
ath the majority. 

lul how will Lieutenant Colonel Villettcs, Major Brcrcton, 
Lieutenants Duncan, Lieutenant de Butts, and twcnly- 
flivc Artillery-men feel ? The Army at San Fiorenzo may claim 
llbr bcin^ present nt the surrender ; for I saw them peeping 
lover the rocks like bo many eagles, and ccrtaiuly within hear- 
ing of the guns during the whole Siege. 

I once before said I thought it must be laid before the 

[King in Council. 
I Horatio Nelson, 

Annocr to the First, — The Sincere, Captain Shields, most 
certainly entitled to share. 
Answer to the Second. — The L'Aigle, Captain Hood, most 
certainly entitled. 
Ansicer to the Third. — Not correctly stated. The St, Fiorcnzo 
not one moment employed, or even in sight of Calvi, <luring 
ihc Siege. Sir Charles Hamilton was Captain of the Dido 
part of the time — then Captain Towrj'. The Dido most 

P certainly entitled to share, but not two Captains, 
Answer to tJie Fourth. — The Britaniiiu, No. Mis-stated 
her situation. The Commander-in-Chief being cruizing off 
Calvi in the latter end of July, the Britannia, Admiral llotham, 
came to him: on her return to Port from off Gourjean, 
Lieutenant Gourly came on shore with some empty wine- 
pipes when I was mounting the very last gun. Our batteries 
bad been opeu upwards of three weeks. This is all I know of 
the Britannia, or all the assistance I received from her. I 
tierer will consent to her sharing, if any one will join me. 

Anstoer to the Fifth, — La Lutinc, Captain M'Namara, clearly 
entitled to share. 

Ansiver to ttie Sixth. — The Inflexible, No. When going 
lo the Siege of Calvi, I ordered thirty men aud a Midshipman 
of that Ship to be lent to the Agamemnon, and the people 
are borne as part of the Agamemnon's crew. The Captain, nor 
Officers, or other part of the crew, shall never share with my 

riW7' to tfie Seventh.^ Ca]i\a,m Hallowell 




SerocolJ are, b)' their galiuutr}', eutitled to shore as Field 
Ollicers ; but being not in commission, how fer, by the King's 
Proclamation, can they share with the Navy 'i Ought tbej 
not to be paid jointly out of the whole capture ? It was not 
particularly Naval service, but joint service. But, however 
this ma)' be, I desire my consent may be given to their sharing 
equal to myself. Captain Cook was employed in landing the 
Troops, and erecting batteries, and of course is much more 
entitled than the Britannia, or any Ship who only carae to the 

The other Skips are not stated ; therefore 1 know not who 

Horatio Nei«o». 


[From Clirke nud M'Anhiir, vol. ii. p. 7.] 

A]iril lltli, ITin. 

I shall endeavour by fair means to accomplish your wishes 
in the blockade. 1 have myself no idea that the Spanish Fleet 
will be ready for sea for some months ; and I OMrn, Sir, that 
my feelings are alive for the safety of our Army from Elba. 
If the French get out two Sail of the Line, which I am con- 
fident they may do, our Troops are lost, and what a triumph 
would that be to them ! 1 know you have many difliculties to 
contend with, but I am anxious that nothing should miscarry 
under jour orders. If you think a Detachment can be spared, 
I am ready to go and do my best for their protection. At all 
events, I trust you will not imagine that my taking the great 
liberty of thus mentioning my thoughts, arises from any other 
motive than affection towards you. 

I am, &c. 

HoB^vTio Nelson.* 

* About this ilutc be received llii' fuUovrLig Leilcr from ibe Coiiiinaad<>r-in- 

" Villr> i!e Pnris. Lisbon, 31»l Marcli, 17»*. 
" Mv ilcw Adjiiiml, 
" Mnny ihankit for yoiir letters, mJ the iulelligence s«Bt yoii from T.ngim. B/ « 
letter 1 received jx-sttrdiiy from tbc neigbliourhood of it, 1 lenm ilwt Orn«ii» >» 
Working bitril lo get iLe Hcet forward : eigbteen Sttil of tlie \Am luiJ xevcml Fn'pnlr* 





[From a Copy iu tlie Admiralty-.] 

Hi» Britamiir Mi^esty's Ship Crti>iain, offCadi.t, Utb Ai>ril, iVOt, 

In consequence of the unprovoked declaration of War by 

King of Spain, against his Britannic Majesty and the 

tilish Nation, it is thouglit right that Spain should no longer 

fC any Trade: 

I have, therefore, the honour to acquaint you, that no 

tani rvaAy for s«a ou llii; 'i'-M, nnd tLe lepoil ill L'luliz \vm, lliiU tlicj Honlil 
li>-uioiT(iw; tborefore keep n slinrp look out. TLe iirtiviil of fSir Robert C 'ftltl«;r 

I delained me tlirec days longrr tLiui I intemlrd. to deliver liia SUip from n large 

lily of useful storcR, aiid l«) remove myself niid siiil* lulo the Ville dc l'iui«. I 

to g«;t over Ibc li«r wiili iim^t of tbe Sqmulrou in Uie eoiirHC of tliU diiy. Tbc 

Sbips fhiai La Vcni Ciiik mid tbc llikvituuiili are cortuiiily on tbcir piutsugf, 

much ngiuiiuii is felt in Spain uu ibiit uccuiint: lUercfure ClrnvLua mny be 

oiit. Tbe Spouinh fbitrd^c br-re -tent au expri^s to Mmlrid on Moiidnr. to 

^iKcmiiil of tbe reinforcement from l^ngloud, luid of my dropping down below 

'ill Uie Vit'tory: whethff tbis will prinJiice a I'baugc iif ialfmion we sboll 

; «ce. All bert' send ymi Jbeir best regiini« : sny evorytliing pnipcr for um Iu 

4iuii SllUeriuid your wortbicx, oud be- a.<«surfd I am yonrc most truly, J.Jovis." 

7lnrAe nuii M' Arthur, 

ijr HubiTt Ciiblrr broiigbi Ni'Non ibiR bcaiiiiftil L«Uer — so cburacterislio of tLo 
of a Nftvnl \ eterun — from Ijuly S'luker, tbc wife of bis early patron, Sir Peter 

krr, Uurt., ibeii oil AdmiriLl of llic Wbiie and Couimiuuler-iii C'bicf at Forts- 


" rortgnwiiitli, L'itli Mai-cfa, 1#07. 
" Jfy dear Nelson, 

' 1 eiuuiot lei 8ir Rnbt^rt Cidjcr Koil from beiicr witbout writing^ ynii n few Uiien* 

re tn no rTi>reMsinns in ibp Kngli^b Inugiiagf, (but I nin arqnitinlcd wilb, i'<jiinl 

[)n»ey Ilie idcti wbirli I Imve of your giUbuil uud niei-iinriou.s vxcrlionM in your 

yutry'<< I'niise npnu uU occai«toni«. Your conduct on Ihe mpuiorHlile 14tb of 

iiuy, n proud duy f<ir Old ICuglaiid, is above all priu*e; it never wnf> nor wit can 

Itialled. All Ihnt 1 nLaII nhv in, tbal your wotber cimld nol bavo bennl i>f )oiir 

wiUi mon- aflVrtioii, nor ciiiild sbe be more rejoiced ut your pen-onol esrope 

iill tbe danger* to wbicb yon wero exi>osed on tbut glorious day. Long nmy 

live, my deiir NeUou, an ornnnient lo your t'onntrj' tmd yiniT I'rofexHion, ij» ibp 

ere wiab of your old commnnder Sir Peter and raym-lf. and every briuich of our 
I'ray oifer my most nflrciionAte regiinls to your tnily nble and gallant 

nmiiiidcr-iu-CbiVf; lie •bull bemeforlli be my Voleulinc. 1 nnist m|ne>tl you 
to rrmejiilirr me to dear, good Collingwood, in tLe kindest rauiuicr; 1 am rei-y 

]iy at I be glory be but gained: remeuibrr rue ul»o to George Martin, and tbc 

ule of the iinincible Fifteen llmt I Imve the honour of knowing. Uod bless jou, 

dear Nrlwou, your airvotionatc and sincere fticnd, Mabgabet VtJi%X%"—Ant9- 
\,'m tlic Nebou Paper*. 




Neutral Vessel will be permitted in future to enter or leave 
the Port of Cadiz, unless by leave obtained from me, or the 
Commander-in-Chief of the British Fleet; and that, from this 
moment, Cadiz is to be considered as a blockaded Port I 
Lave the honour to be, Sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

Horatio Newos. 

TO THE UESPECrm: captains UNUEII the 0IU3KRS OP 

[From tt Copy, in Uie Admintij'.] 

By Horatio Nelson, Esc]., Uear-Admlral of the Blue, 
&c &c &c 
Admiral Sir John Jervis having directed me lo form ibc 
blockade of Cadiz, und to prevent the entrance or dcpaiiurc 
of the Trade to and fro, with all the precision in my power— 
You arc therefore hci'eby directed, when you board anj 
Ships bound to Cadi/, to acquaint tlie Master of such Ship thil 
the Port is blockaded, and that he must seek another market; 
and in case of boarding any Vessel from Cadiz, you arc to 
direct their return into that Port, unless they should be in 
ballast, when they may be allowed to proceed on their 

You will, I ara confident, execute this service with all civility 
and attention to the Nations iu amity with Great Britain. 
Given ou boiud the Captain, off Cadiz, 
the 11th April, 1797. 

Horatio Nel80». 


[Fiom Clarkd ud M'.\rUiur, vol. ii. p. 7.] 

UlU Apjll. I7«. 
My dear Sir, 

Truubridgc talked to me last night about the Viceroy at 

Teneriffe. Since I first believed it was possible that his Ex- 

* Un the I'itb of .^pril, Sir Joiiu Jervin liiimked Lim Tor his fhendly hint tbooi 
Porto FKrmjo, niid for his offer to go in quest of it, of whl«h be «ai4 h« vtaM 
lumsclf by seudisg liioi unleni to iirocred niili (lie Cnpioui, Coloimu, ud Leuuiir, 




lency might have gone there, I have endeavoured to make 
jTself master of the situation and means of approach by sea 

land. I shall begin by sea. 

'he Spanish Ships generally moor with two cables to the 

I, and four cables from their sterns to the shore ; therefore, 
lough we might get to be masters of them, should the wind 

come off the shore, it does not appear certain we should 
sed so complelely as we might wish. As to any opposi- 

II, except from natural impediments, I should not think it 
)uld avail. I do not reckon myself equal to Blake;' but if 

[recollect right, he was more obliged to the wind coming off 
land, than to any exertions of his own : fortune favoured 
gallant attempt, and may do so again. But it becomes 
dut^' to state all the difficulties, as you have done me the 
iouoiur to desire me to enter on the subject. 

The approach by sea to the anchoring place is under very 
high land, passing three valleys ; therefore the wind is cither 
from the sea, or squally with calms from the mountains. 
>metiuics in a night a Ship may get in with the land-wiud 
}d moderate weather. Bo much for the sea attack, which, 
you approve, I am ready and willing to look at, or to carry 
Ito execution. But now comes my plan, which could not 
of success, would inunortatize the undertakers, ruin Spain, 

fClbnItv, nnd ibciicc up ilie Mfilitorraneiui. iiir .lohn .Tenia sold lie Lad rensoii 

ItliinkUiat ilie Giurn'Kdii wiik oil it<* wny to (iibridlRTi undrr iLr escort of tlio 

aiiauut, CnptAin Frcuifuillo. lit- ulded ilavt Uie Dido iinil Tei-pHirlmro were 

to J'MiiB Cniz, Teiierifle. lo iisoertftin whether !lie Vice-Roy of Atexieo wos 

4iiJly Uiprt' ; lUiit Ihcrr w»s no oilier news from Kngland than that Kurl Howe 

gTfing to IriLVe UhiIi to be iiiveKlcd friih llic Ofti-ter, "which event WH!) miulc 

. to Itini liy li'tier under Hi* Mi^CHiy'c own hniui." l' |>oii llu« ptsoafe iu Sir 

JerriM's LeU«r it may be remarked, thnl ghirions as were the Naval Victories 

reigii of King Oeorgc the Third, U" Admiral except l.ord Howe ever obtained 

lini'ter, and that it vra» the great object of Karl St. Vincent'» ambilioii to the 

■prof bis life. Several eminent military Commimdcrs liKve breu iiiiule Knights 

Gorter, but i>r»b(il>ly none of tju-in except ihe IJukf of Wellington would 

I been honoured niih the distiiu-iion hn^l ihi-y uni l>ern I'eerx by de«eeni. 

In April, IK-VI, Adiniriil IJIuVi- having received information that ^\x Spauisli 

iladoH««iih Aiher, luul leu other Hlii|iti,hB<l put into Sanlii Cm/. U TeiierifTe, 

lely rVKolnrd 10 attempt destroying them. He iiiceeedcd iu the attack, and 

al ilie whole Spaiiivh Fleet down to Uie water's edge, except two Ships niiirh 

, ; arid iheu the wind veeriug to Ihe <ioutb-wcBt, he pasned with the Fleet «afc 

of port *gmn. — Cuviphcll'i) .liimlraU, ^n|. ii, p. 'JIO. Sire alco Clitrciitlou'a 

fittor^ «/tlu JitheUioH, ed. IH'id, vol. vii. p. 814. 




and has every prospect of raising our Cotintry to a higher 
pitch of wealth than she ever yel attained : but here soldien 
imist be cotisiilied, and I know from cxj)cricnce, excepting 
General O'llara, they have not the same bolducbs in unda- 
taknig a political measure that we have ; we look to the 
benefit of our Country, and risk our own fame every day to 
serve her: a Soklier obeys his orders, and no more. Bj 
saying Soldiers should be consulted, you will guess 1 mean 
the army of 3700 men from Elba, with cannon, mortars, aud 
every implement now embarked ; they would do the buaincst 
in three days, probably much less. I will undertake with a 
ver}' small Squadron to do the Naval part. The shore, 
although not very easy of access, yet is so steep, that the 
Transports may run in and land the Army in one day. The 
water is conveyed to the Town in wooden troughs: this 
supply cut off, would jjrobably induce a very sjxredy eur- 
render : good terms for the Town, private properly secured 
to the Islanders, and only the delivery of public stores and 
foreign Merchandise demanded, with threats of utter destruc* 
tion if one gun is fired. In short, the business could not mis- 

Now it comes for me to discover what might induce 
General dc Burgh to act in this business. All the risk and 
responsibiiitj must rest with you. A fair representation 
should also be made by you of the great National advantages 
that woulil arise to our Country, and of the ruin that o\vr 
success would occasion to Spain. Your opinion besides 
should be stated, of the superior advantages a fortnight ilius 
employed would be of to the Army, to what they could do iu 
Portugal ; and that of the six or seven millions sterling, the 
Army should liavc one half. If this sum were thrown into 
circulation in England, what might not be done? It would 
ensure an honourable Peace, with innumerable other bless- 
ings. It has long occupied my thoughts. 

Should General do Burgh not choose to act, after having 
all these blessings for our Country stated to him, which ore 
almost put into our hands, we must look to General O'Uara. 
The Royals, about 600, are iu the IHcct, with Artillery suffi- 
cient for the purpose. You have the power of stopping the 




jre-ships; 1000 more men would still insure the biosiness, 
for Tencrifte never was bcsiegcil, therefore the hills that cover 
Town are not fortified to resist any attempt of taking them 
storm ; the rest must follow — a Fleet of Ships, and money 
reward the Victors. But I know with you, and I can lay 
ly hand on my heart and say the same — It is the honour and 
sperity of our Country that we wish to extend. 

I am, &e. 

Horatio Nelson. 


' [Ongiuol, ill itie po!!se!i«ioii of the Dowtger Lady <le Sanroorez. TLe CominAnd 
tlie Si|uadroii bluckiuliiit; (.'oilix, was tritasferred to Sir Juiiea Saamar«s, oil Ad^ 
iral Ntlsou''* proceeding lo l*orto Femyo.] 

By Horatio Nelson, Esquire, Rear- Admiral of the 
Blue, &c. &c. &c. 
obedience to directions from Admiral Sir John Jcrvis, 
K.B., You are hereby required and directed to take under your 
Dmmand, the Ships named in the margin,' and to carry into 
execution the orders you will herewith receive respecting the 
Blockade of the Port of Cadiz. 

Given on board the Captain, off Cadiz, April 12th, 

HoHATio Nelson. 

[Fron t Copy, tu tbe Admiralty.] 

Obtain, 'JO Leahies W. by S. of ilie Soutljoni eud of Conica, 
April list, 17l»7. 

My dear Sir, 
You will rejoice to bear I nm with the Convoy,' all safe and 
well. I shall now trouble you with a detail of my proceedings, 
rhicli you may rea<l or not, as you like. The day after T left 

' CiUlodeu, IrreJiUtiblf. Zealous. 
* Willi the tron|m from Ellin. 




you ia the evening, Sealiorse, Caroline, and SouthxiDpton, 

joined lue off Cabrita Point. I sent Gibson witJi the Gibralur 

letters, and wrote a line to General O'Hara, to say, tliat if be 

could dis|)euse with tho Emperor of Morocco's present for a 

little while, I should like to have the Meleuger. Ili^ answer 

wai4, lie did not care if the Emperor did not get his preeent 

this month; and, therefore, Meleogcr joined me, withGibtODi 

at noon, on Saturday the loth. I lost no time, speaking 

everything to get information in getting to the eastward 

Repeated Vessels confirmed to me that a French Squadron of 

four Sail of the Line, one Frigate, and a Brig, were off the 

south end of Minorca. The Soutliatnpton parted company, 

in chase, I fancy, of a Spaniard ; but I hope we shxUl either 

pick him up, or he will get to Gibraltar in time to execute 

yoiu" orders relative to his Convoy. On the 18tli and 1 Dlh, 1 

passed Ivica, Majorca, and within gun-shot of Port Mahon, 

with a strong wind at N.W., which I £incy blew the French 

Ships under St. Peter's, in the Island of Sardinia ; and this 

morning, at 7 a.m., with inexpressible pleasure, I saw the 

Convoy, wluch I shall hope to sec safe in Gibraltar; and I 

detach Gibson to tell you tliis good news.' By what I learn, 

all is lost in Italy. The whole state of Venice is actuallj 

French. Trieste is said to be also in their possession, and 

Buonaparte is within 150 miles of Vienna, with loO.OlX) men. 

The Archduke Charles is fortifying some pass to make a stand; 

but there seems no prospect of stopping these extraordinary 

people, I will not take up more of your time than to say, I 

have written to Gibraltar for the Agent of Transports and the 

Agent- Victualler to be prepared to c^rpedite my departure, 

that I may join you, and be ready for other service. 

Believe me ever. 

Dear Sir, 
Your most faithful servant, 

Horatio Nbi^son. 
I have sent Seahorse and Meleagcr to go on the north side of 
the Islands, to endeavour to get hold of some Spanbh Frigates 

' tn ilic iinnorfccl copy of this f-etier in Clurke ftud M'Ariliur, (vol. ji. p. ft,) ili* 
foUowing words occur liew. " I hopo you will press Oencml O'Hwrn about Ttixc- 




lich are thereabout. I must take the liberty of saying, I 
llieve the weather was the entire cause ofOalies's long delay 

Gibraltar : it was worse than when wo were there in De- 
tmber. However that may be, the Seahorse is one of the 
>ry best ordered Ships I have ever met with. Captain Oakcs 
Itends to speak to you about going on shore to Lisbon for his 
salth, or quilting and going home. He is most exceed- 

5ly ilL 



[From Cliirke and M'Artliur, vol. ii. p. 10,] 

Off Capeile GiUle, ftntb April, 1707. 

The French Squadron, of four Sail of the Line, one Frigate, 
id a Brig, were seen from Minorca only twenty-two hours 
}fi)rc 1 passed it on tlie 19tb, in my way up. I observed a 
^lan-of-VVar Brig evidently looking at us ; but my charge wsls 
loo important to separate one Ship in chase of her, especially 
as ihe Seahorse, Southampton, and Meleager had parted 
company ; for until this Garrison is safe down, I do not think 
business is well finished. I spoke a Danisli Frigate just 
)w, six days from Malaga, who says the Spanish Fleet is 
irlainly ordered to come out of Cadiz; this redoubles my 
ixicty to join ray Admiral, for I should seriously lament 
iing absent on such an occasion, especially as I believe it 
will Ije the last on many accounts ; first, that I think we should 
finish their Marine, and next, that my health is getting so in- 
different from want of a few months' repose, and the pains I 
iffer in my inside, that 1 cannot serve, unless it is absolutely 
ecessary, longer than this summer. 

In October I intend to ask permission to return to England 
jtil February, should the war still continue ; and when it is 
jnsidered that I have been four years antl nine months without 
ie moment's repose for body or mind, I trust credit will be 
ivcn me that I ilo not sham. I have sent poor Captain 
lakes* with the Meleager to look for some Spanij^h frigates; 

• Cupiftin 0<'ort;e OuVt-s of the Scahorte. 



his hcftlth is most distressing, and 1 have strongly recommended 
to him lo go home, and, if he is fortunate in taking a Frigate, 
I am in hopes he will. As I know your Royal Ilighuea's 
regard for this Officer, I must be interested about Liin. 

I anij &c. 

HoBATio Nbi^x, 


[From Harrison's Lift; of Lord X^lsiou, vol. i. p. IM!]. Another Coiir with aoB* 
iatiuiia in ill Clarke nud M'.-Vrlliiir. j 

Captain, off Cope Pollikis, Isi Mtiv. 17IK. ] 

Dear Sir, 
As I shall send away the Rose Cutter the moment I see 
the Rock, you will know from her arrival that we are in a 
fair way for arriving safe at Gibraltar. I spoke a Danish 
Frigate on the 27th of April, from Malaga four days. He 
says the Spanish Fleet has most positive orders to come to set 
and fight you. This makes me doubly anxious to joiji you.' 
I have not interfered with Captain FVemanile's charge and 
arrangement of the Convoy, it could not be in better hands; 
therefore I only overshadow them with my wings. I have 
the satisfaction to tell you, that all the Troops — except the 
Royals, who were always intended to be embarked in the 
Ships of War — are embarked in the Transports, with the 
exception of twenty, and General Horneck,* who arc in two 
Vessels loaded with wine. I offered to take a hundred into 
each Ship of my Squadron, but I found there was not the 
smallest necessity for it. 

I hope, Sir, you will state this point at Home, as it would 
have been a severe reflection on me, not to have left what was 
necessary for the embarkation of the Army. I rejoice in this 
opportunity of vindicating my conduct ; and beg leave again to 

* Clarke anJ M'Arilmr omit the prfci'iliiig passage, aud insert lii.'r«, " 'Hm* !^ 
Horse and Muleag^^r »re ordered to bo there ou ibe 4(b, Melen^r Uudiu^ lite 
Empi'ror of Morocco' !i clock iu ber witr," which does noi occur iu Harrisou, whoto 
Copy bears strong e^Hdcnoe of being correct. 

* M^or Geneml Charles Iloraeck . be died ri Lieuleiiiuit QeverBl iu 1804. 

r. 38.] 



>miuend Lieutenant Day, Agent for Transports, to your 
>C]ce. I placed my reliance on his judgment not to leave a 
lip more than was necessary, and I am not deceived. A 
lore zealous, active Oflficer as Agent for* Transports I never 
?t with. General de Burgh also speaks of him in the highest 
rras, and I hope the Transport Board will keep their pro- 
mise of recommending those Officers in their service who 
tineutly distinguish themselves, which I take upon myself to 
liy, Lieutenant Day has not only done at Bastia, but at Porto 
Ernrajo. For his conduct at the former place you were so 
i, on my slating his services, to recommend him to the 
Ldmiralty ; I should not do justice to his Majesty's service, 
jrere I not to urge it again. I have the pleasure Jo add, 
lat all the Captains under ray orders have conducted them- 
tlves like zealoas good Officei-s. 

I have the honour to be, &c., 

Horatio Nelson. 


' [From C'Infke and M'Artbnr, vol. ii. p. 1*2. In reply Id the Amt'rifim (.'iinsnrti 

)ucst lliiit lie would protect twelve Aincrieuti Vcssi'l.s at Mulatpi, which mbw iin- 

I to pTUCeed, on coconut ui three Freuch Privateorti tliat were watching Uicni.J 


Gibralur. '2()tb M«y, 1707. 

T shall immediately grant the protection you have requested, 

sending the Andromache, Captain Mansfield, to-morrow 

Malaga, who will protect the Vessels close to the coast of 

Urbary, where you tell roe they will consider themselves 

ife. In thus freely granting the protection of the BrliLsh 

to the subjects of the United States, I am sure of ful- 

Iling the wishes of my Sovereign, and I hope of strengthening 

[he harmony which at present so happily subsists between the 

two Nations. 

I am, &c., 

Horatio Nklson. 

TOU It. 

c c 





, ta ttw iiBiiica ot Wm Miller. C«|)tun Miller hm tb«a AlnM 
[ HtMlft flitOiHito to Um Qt9lt^} 

vaie dr Pari-. Miqr 2-lUi, 1797, 


Wc are lo go into the Theseus;* therefore the Adminl 
desires the Captain to be anchored near her. She is next 
Ship lo the Vice-Adiniral ; therefore pray dij^ect my tilings 
lo be in readiness — I mean my Store Room. Such OfficcR 
as wish to go with me are to get ready : Mids.. Uoste and 
Bolton, &c., aud such men as came from Agamemnon^ if they 
like it ; bat this we can soon settle. Sir John desires yoa 
will dine here. It is believed the Peace is signed. 1 send 
jonr letters, and be assured I am ever 

Your obliged, 

Horatio Nklsok. 

ITna Clarke and M'Anlmr, roL il. p. 12. ; 

Sir, o<f c«di«, M»r anut, i;»7. 

I Ijog leave to return you my most sincere acknowledgment* 
for the three letters I have received from your lloyal High- 
ness.* Whtttevi-r confidence you are pleased to repose in rae, 

* Ou rrjuiiihifr Sir -Tolin ienis off Cadii. lie nhifled h'ls Aog ii> IL« Tbc^ens, ud 
trax iqi]N>tti(rtl III rotuukiuiil ilie ln-«)iore ^qnnilron, a stonier uf constant nclivitv, m 
lite Mitrur, uiil Gun b<k«is w^r« incmsaoiJy liring ou ibc 8|i«niitli bbif)*, Bttutka, 
mi FluliUa. l^pwaUoiva mw, at the aanu tiiaa, niakiug fur iiio aUack on Tea*- 

• TUe R)ll»»nii(r air the Ihn^e L*tters allndr^l to : and, like all Uic {irecfdjng oaev 
cattuot Imi rfuil irilUfiiit inspiring rv^<]«prl tor liisi Inle Ml^jeetr'a sa^acii; aad 
patrioUnn : — 

'- Hear Nrbon, " Rivluuoiiil, March 13ih, 17!t7. 

•• 1 am. twlU'T"' nw. rpry liappr to own nijsclf in the Tmnig. and in tixtutt (• 
afkiH»»l>'il)n' timt ilw Ittiiinli riret whrn irr// iliHripliiifii. i^W titlicemd, and Hoitf 
ronmmtnliHl, mu bout >iiiy uimtber of SiHinuinU. I rcJoiCK, my n^iixl n-ieiiil, witb 
all my heart, at tin* siilmiuliU Virtory .lrni!> and hta &ue fellows La«c gainrd o«pr tlit 
Dun*. Yiinr nuidin't liaa breit, us ttxiial, in«riion'i>nM, and ynu r«a)ly tui-d not lu 
liav bt'vu wrtiiiidfd l»> cnninlpto yonr fame ; fnr anmngKi all ntnk* ol ficoplo v«m 
fiiaructi-i' Itax li'Hjf l'ri*ii r'«tahliHlmi. J ani happy to inform jou U4at Itin Mi^Mv 
haa rxprrxwd liUn^i'ir ill «Kr most (prwiiMis nmdiii'r mIm>iiI you ; tuni ii i^ t.i.i 
in Sjieurrr. lluittiih I hat' him, to »ay iltat in Id* »\>ecvh lie did ytm ilip i 

iiply tuorited. ^J^my^r dear Iriciid, Iuivl* long Imovn my sentunnita abous 

JET. Sfk] 



ill not, I tnist, Ik? misplaced ; but my conduct and not my 
rords must prove this. , . , , Our western Ports in Ireland 

ight siu-ely be more used, and stores procurc<l as easily as at 

libraliar, Lisbon, &c. A plan with little expense might be 

l)nned> for always having a large Squadron to the westward 

England. We rejoice here at the certainty of soon receiv- 

, (uul 1 oni hwpijy llicy coincidi- wiili yimi^t; ibf Action nud iis reiiilt s]>eak for 

»lv«<«, Riid tiiiisi (five ewry I'liglisliniiiu siuoeiv iilt-RKure — niorp piirliiiilttrly 

•hii beloiijr to dip Britiisli Ni<\->, iiiut hnvc rbe liu{)iiiiie.>i!i, ns I Imve, of 

ag intimnio f^iotiii!! in tbal fralluiiC Fln^i. 1 nni vi'r> ttorry lo Hr<> by tb« 

tiirtix, timl yoM wiw AYimndcU, hihI hUH inuii" so by voiir t^ileurc, am 1 nlnniietl Iliut 

iuvit kcvorely siiircreti ; for 1 wii [Msrsitiulrd olbi'rwise, iifUfr suoli an rvcnt, no 

»n9 lo tlic Kogliftb N«ine, nnd. |>nrtictilui-ly. hii higlily liitiionrolilr to tbo 

N»VT, you would certttiiily Imve wnitc lo oiif who i* titlRclied to tlie Sfrvii>i?, 

IHirticuUrly imereMed in your wi-lfiirc. My best <ti«lu!s for your Leultb and 

plDi><H •n«ud yoii, ttud evpr bclicxc iwe, your« Hincerely, Wiixiam," 

Dear Nekon. " St. Jataes'B, April 7th. 1707. 

*• Ye«tt;nl*r I Trceitrd yours of 3nl Marrb, ft'om Lisbon, giving me no news «iihcr 
Dm rortugid or SpAiti, but coiuineiiting: on yuur late f^biriuuit Victory. I certainly 
ould liovf bpfii bolter jdeused, if llie Siuitissimn Triuidtula bud lurivnl nt I'orts 
uuth, ituttesil ofreiicliing t'udi/., aud I luo cleiirly of opinion tbai lisd Mun and bin 
inadniii, nt llwy miijlil, Iiave becu witb Ji^niit, ilii> Victory vronld bove bpcu aiuiii 
F ailrautage of lbif< Couuiry, ibuu^b at tbu same time it conid nm bnve been 
to ib« credit of tbe gaUnnt OtSccrit oiul Men. I am iiorry Jerris's ilJ iilntt> uf 
h boB made it rtquisitt; for Tbnnips'ui I'l f*rry on tbe Iliixlinur duly. 1 fin- 
ely bnp« Jcrxm 18, by Ibis iimi>, OS well iu« ibis Couniry-, aud oil Iuk friendx in 
itciilur, iiioRl b« auxioiu tu SKe bjui : give liiln tny bc»t cotn;ilimenlH. I Inist 
if Cniisi) with thr Frigiites will be ihi'* lime «.* fot-iunatc nt« your liititwiut gloriou>'. 
w will, of I'oursp, he ijermiltfcl to uUiruxe your Ship, which, wbeilier a lliiue or a 
>-4eoknr, will bi>, I u.m Hurc, wril iiuuiaged. I feel proud of yonr friendabip aTid 
and bctiuvr uie, »hatrvi-r iru>i| hiK Mnjr><ty mas honour rite vitli, it will bi> 
doty And inoUnation to Oil wiili cure and attouiiou. Adieu, and ever 
t, ilfV Sir, yours Btucen-ly, Willi. iM." 

Sir. " Ricbraond, April UOtb, 1797. 

ID to Ackuuwiedgo Ibr rco<'ii>i ul your l\v<i lollefH, ibo one of the'i'ind MiU'c-b, 

otbrr of Viiid .Npril. 1 loniL-ul wiih yuii the return of ilm bantisiiiina Tritii- 

inlo Cuili/, and luu not i<ur]irib(id in lljid the Admirals and C°aptaiu!« of tbe 

itusli Vlrtx iu dirtKr«<>e. I am sorry by your but li>tlt<r to Dnd Jorvis bim joined 

before yun fell In with tbe Vicrltoy of MfX)i-<i. I wIhIi ibt* r<-iiifurc<;in«ut tri'ui 

luul \trvu Mlruugvr, bncausL' I hi){Uly appiox) of your rciiMoiiiug rrliiliv(< in ibr 

J'tuiu-b l''l<H't>«, «nd likewise m'o ibc nercwity of our (roo|i» bt<ing 

Klbft, 1 urn jK'rff cUy Hitiifiried with your siltrncf , tlioiigb ut the time ii 

I mm nnfwiy. 1 rijoioe ni iJii- Kiiig<« liii>iji^ (-onftfrrr<l tltc Balh ou yoa ; for I 

I »ur« yiiu ditwnc ihi> ItiiyaJ npprubatiuu. 

You luy gofnl fhend, I'oiicludo your lasl IflUif by Haying \ou aro a Onlhiiil 
frt, GnwioiiaQod, vtbaladilfireiicn iu ihiH (uuntr) ! 'i'lie tiliip^ lU ^>pilllead lor 
•ItulrHri'k ill a pcrrfot jttiili* of uiuliny — llie Moll (Hiiiininiiditig ihcirOfllriir^, lunl a 
aoul ouiuiatliig of Udcgatcb from each Ship of lh« liuei ailting all lluil tiiue 

c c2 




ing lai^ Teinforccmenta, which, as the Comhincd Fleet will 
vtT^ soon be forty Sail of the Line, must he acceptable ; uul 
we found our belief on the abundance of spare Ships that are 
at the disposal of the Admiralty ; for, although wc «re 80 
inferior, we find that a Squadron under Lord Hugh So3inour 
ia actually cruising on our station. 

I am, &c., 

Horatio Nelsok. 


[From Clarke and M'Artlnir, vol. ii. i>, 12.] 

!27tli M«y, 1707. 

How Government can answer for this act,* I cannot guess; 
but I have done. We are to anchor pff Cadiz, in sight of the 
whole Spanish Fleet. I am barely out of shot of a S^>aniib 
Rear Admiral. 

Yours, &c., 

Horatio Nelsok. 


[From Uorriftou's Life of Nehon, vol. i. p. IHO.j 


TUeseoa, M»y 3(Hli. Vi^r, 

I have the honour of sending your Excellency a packet from 
Sir John Jervis; and I embrace the opportunity of assuring 

ou bonnl tlie Qnp<*n Chnrlotto, luid issiuDg Ori«r» to liU Miy'esty* F1«m, I hope, 
though I have not a good opiiiiou of Lord S|)eiiccr, that the Admiralty have acted 
with Jiscretioli, The King, ■with the ndvire of his MiiiisterN, ]iiib very propw^J 
))ardoned the Seamen and Maritte«. A Squadron huH iimereded to Sew, luul, fur ibt 
IHV'.eiit. di>>ci|iliue is once more restored to thitt [t*n of the British Naty ; but Uw 
Mutiny lia>i sprrnil lu Plyiuniiih, ntid istill nigfs there. The 1nlMn^<u^ of conrsi>, 
niiisi eonae lieftire J'ftrlimuent ; then-fore, till ihi- inve.>^titaktion, I shftll «iiir no moiff. 
Rut piiint to yoiD'Aelf the Meet lit Spithend, dnriiig a \\i\r, (nr n whole week, in ft 
Complete »tale uf Mutiny, and the ueeessity of the purduu fur iLe whole frmn Ui* 
Sovereign! As for lielmid, thnt Country in in a utiUe of rebellion ; therefor*, «li» 
worst eouHeiinrnceH from the mnr MfccJUrtry wtint of discipline, wonld nrioe tu the 
Sitter Kingdom, should tlie Freuth seiitiUNly turn llieir Ihoiijthis to the Inviuiiiw uf 
Ireiiind. I'luxhin my fflooui ; bnt I hnvc a very greul slake In tliis Country, and 
n family of young ehildrcu to proiert. Iji iill siluutiouA, I hid youm eiticrirly. 
WiiiiAM." — ANtiujrii/ih*, in tlie Nclnon Paper*. 

* '• This net " Heeuu) tu have been the sending out a Si^iinilrou uadrr iJtri Hugh 
Seymour, iustcwl of reitiforcing i$ir Jubu Jenia' Fleet. 

_JEI. 38.] LETTERS. 389 

>u of my high esteem of your character. The 4th of June 
niig the birthday of my Royal Master, Sir John Jer\is iu- 
?ndfl firing a fen de jok, at eight o'clock in the evening; and 
desired mc to mention it to your Excellency, that the 
liea at Cadiz may not be alarmed at the firing. Believe 
your Excellency's most faithful ser\'ant, 

HoiiATio Nelson.' 


[From CIvkrnQd Af'Aribiir, vol. ji. p. 13.] 

My dear Sir, Tbwas, 31«t Miiy, 1707. 

I never have a letter from the Duke of Clarence, but 
R» II. mentions you. I have mislaid that of April 5th, or 
should have thought it my duly to have sent it. Ilis lloyal 
Tighncss therein said, ' My best wishes and compliments 
Itcod the illustrious Jervis; tell him I admire him, 1 envy 
^m, and I sincerely hope his Fleet will now fall in with the 
")olUr8.' A letter from a humbler pen came to me at 
'ibraltar — Collingwood; and his sentiments arc, 1 am coti- 
tdent, those of the whole Fleet — * I have a great desire our 
'Admiral should be a Marquis this summer, his bright honoiurs 
_yvlll reflect on all of us.' I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

[• To t]jiii Letter llic Spanish AJmiral lepliwl :_ 

" Uii Diiard the Concpptioii, oil' Cmli?:, 1st Jiine, 17n«, 
" ^fv rtciir Sir, — I r(irTe!«|>on<l to Ihv iirbnuitv mcritrd by the leit<'r vitli wliirh jim 
DDOurrd inr, thii •'iriili >lnv Imtt. The Lmlies uf I'nili/, acvuHtomml to the uub-y 
imU of ^nlutes of ihc vc>ii«e]s of wiir, will .til, and will hciur n'Lnt ^ir John JcrviN 
111* to reypdK tlirm with, for the vvcniiig' of the 4ih ciirreut, in houour uf biH 
itftuiiic Mi^r>st>'s birthday; and the ^uerul wi»h of Ihc Sputi»h mUoii ciuiuot 
Bt intercKt >tJ«(ilf in no augiist a motive. 
' God preiHirrfl you inniiy yeVM. I kiss your bonds. 

" Your ait«utive Servtiit, 

" JosKr DE Mazkrrdo." 

* Tj« tt L«ti?r fli««-d on tlie flth of May, Sir Jolui Jer^•is. ftller snying thiit TriiPiiffi? 

i no loiijfrr liie iniportuut olijtT) it was wlipii Nelson Hii^gfstiHl it, ihiil be mimt con 
uiirHto all hiA f trrc, miJ Dini he hiul nrittpn stroTiRly fnr rciiiforcciorni*, nJdml ; — 
Wp Kcl'lom iliHogrec, Imi in the in-«tniice of tho leilt>r from Hcftr-Adniirftl I'lirkir 
liHi f""li'4hly Rnt iniii ibi< pniMTs, I inmlly Jift'tr nitli yini; fur it «vi'*"'"* ''." ''"* 
ll«r itix Mnrt-ito poTcreil Crjrtliivi* in ihr evriiiiij;; und thi" Hour .Xdmiml slmll yo 

L«Da, and proir ibo lollcr, if Moreno rrqiiir*"* ii ; tlii*; is dup to a Iuhvc ninn 

ilfr i>trrseciitiou. 1 \ery mupb ttppriivc llie letter jou propose to 'end with the 
rw»l«i»ew." Vide p. ;IU:|. 


[Autograph drugfat, in tbe NpIkou Papenu] 

[AniarentJv wrinen iti Mi»y or Jnnr. 1 <U*.] 

Admiral Sir John Jcrvb, with the British Fleet, blockade 
Cadiz ; and, the more cffccluallj to perfonn that service, 
appoints an Inner Squadron to lay at anchor, or keep utidcr 
sail, as the case ma}- require ; and four Ships are appointed foi 
the Inner Squadron. 

On tlie afternoon of the 27th, [of April, 1797,] a Conv( 
under a Venetian Frigate and several other Neutral Ves 
came out of Cadiz ; and the more effectually to examine the 
closely, and to prevent any of them from eluding a search, two 
of the Inner Squadron were onlered by the Commander 
the Inner Squadron to keep under sail. During the night, i 
boats of all the Ships were employed in examining 
Convoy, the whole British Fleet being in sight in the olfin{ 

During the night, two Spanish Frigates jiasscd through 
Fleet ; and in the morning of the 28ih, soon after dayli« 
the Commander of the Inner Squadron made the signal 
the two Ships, Avho had been under sail during the night, 
chase the Frigates, which they did, then in sight of the whole" 
Fleet.' The two Frigates run close to the shore, anchore 
and fired their guns at the two Ships sent in chase, for 

* Till- niriiir lierc nilmlrd lu is bent described in tbe brief oflioi*] C«|ion itf Ci 
Mnrtiu, of ibe Irresistible, (tiow Adrijirnl Sir Oeoixe Murtin, O.C.B., G.C'.M.O^| 
Admirit] Sir .loLii Jei-viH, wlio Noid UiiU iLc " i<kilfiilnra«" iind " dccbdon" «iie« 
CaptALD Miiriiji, rendered tliis " one of tbe niusi notable ftctions tlut ever eune i 
my observAtiou : " — • 

'■ IrrvBii>tible, off Lador, April ifih, lU 

'< Sir, — I beg leavr to nt^quaint yuii, ibiii «n ilie morning uf tbe 'iOUi. at uz i 
1 gave chMe. in bis Mi^eHiy's sbip under mj commuid, to twp Hliips in lb« 
in compAny M'itb tbe Emerald, and tbiit ut liidf-piibt two p.m. we atiackiHl tbe 
Coral Day, near Trafal^pir, wbero tbey bml anchored ; iLal m four Uiey !«ir\icl 
tuR Miyesty'a ybipn, and proved to he the Spanish friffotes Elotia and Ninte, i 
tng iliirty-aix gnm and tliree buudred nud twenty men rnrb, from tbe liar 
IkiimuI to Cadiz. Tbe fomier cut ber cable ofler Kbe boil sinick, and mu on •iifl 
and i40iwiUi»tiuidin); we got ber off, front tbe damaipe sbe received, we weiv iiot^ 
i« kwp ber afloiii. I'wrl of tbe creMr* left tbe slajw, and got on ♦bore, 

" From evury account I bave been ablo In collect, tbe Iwn tr\g»i/e» Uad «ig 
men kilipd nnd ibirty tvnumlfil. Tbe Irresistible bad one man kiUed «ad 
wiiunded, I bnxe tbu boiiour to In , (nc.., (Jsohgk Maitin." — L-nulon Gusetit 

iBT. 38.] 

one hour and a half, when one Frigate cut her cable and drove 
oo shore. The other hauled down her colours, and was im- 
mediately taken possession of and towed out to sea. The 
other Frigate who had run on shore was also got atioat, hut 
soon afterwards sunk at her anchors. 

Your Opinion is desired, who by Law are entitled to the 
Ue«d-money, the value of the Prize bciug acknowledged the 
properly of the whole Fleet, — whether the whole Fleet, tlie 
Ships who occupied the Inner Squadron, or only the two Ships 
who lircd and took possession of the two Frigates ? 

TO JOHN M'ARlTlin, E8Q. 

[The •' Vvnl Chronidp," vol. iii. p. 'MM. This Ixikt i» rrpriutcd wuli -..iini. 
wlditiona, bnt very inperfecOy, In Clarke anJ M'Arthiir, viil. ii. p. LI.] 

My dear Sir, 

TIieBcii5, June lnL, 17117. 

LWc are off Cadiz with a greater inferiority than before. I 
barely out of shot of a Spanish Rear-Admiral. Wc have 
day Flags of Truce ; the Dous hope for peace, but must 
Boon fight us, if the war goes on. I wish it was all over, for 
c&nnot fag much longer ; and, to please our Fleet, I hear 
it a Squadron is looking out, in the limits of this station, 
■ the galleons daily expected : what a special mark of favour 
ko us, who arc enabling them to cruise so much at their ease ! 
teelicve me, dear Sir, your obhged and faithful siervant, 

Horatio Nelson. 
P.S. Sam Hood' is gone, I hope, to get riches; sure to 
get honour. 

HIS majesty's ship ORION. 

[Antograpli, iii Uie posausiou oril4e Dow>g«r Luly ie SuuiuumO 
My dear Sir, 'riip..-u>*. .inne 1st,,. 

Some of your people yesterday said that they heard some 
Ship in the Fleet had served the whole allowance. Sir John 

* CnyUiji of tljc Zeiiloiis, ofWrwurda B«arAdiiura] Sir Sudiu-I Hu<:xi, K.B., But., 
of Ui« nioHt ditttiognished Offlcen in tbe Service : Lc is ignin vDeu uieutionvdi 

392 LKTTEns. [Mi 

Jcrvis wishes to know the Ship they have hoard haa done 
I inust therefore request you will have the goodness to inqi 
if they know tlic Ship, or what made them fancy it was go, 
if any iwrsun, and who, told thenu I forgot it this day] 
therefore pray excuse this trouble, and believe me. 

Ever your obliged, 

Horatio Nblson. 


rFrom Cl«rke and M'Artliur, Tol. ii. p. 11.] 

AlMint Oili Jaw, ITfft.' 
My dear Sir, 

Mr. Jackson' has delivered me your conBdential letter: 
yon may depend upon me. I want nothing but what 
have, except two five-inch howitzers, two four or six-poundei 
field-pieces, 500 shells, some caaes of fixed ammunition, 
two or three artillerymen (no Officer) to fix the fusees, and a" 
devil-cart. With this, and what you propose, I have no doul 
of doing the job as it ought to be, the moment the Ships con 
in sight. I also want twenty ladders ; the size and dimcnsiol 
I will get from the Carpenter of the Blenheim, late of tl 
Captain, who has made proper ones, which one man cot 
carry for escalade, for my use in former times. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 


'row rinrke mid M'Arllinr, vol. ii. p. 14, who Lave no mftng-led this inti 
T«tlvr Oini ibwe ia iin olbi/r way of giving its Ponlenls Ihaii in Uieir own 
fuciory maimer; — " lii writiug lo his Admiral on ibe aomo diiy (7tli June. ITfl 
lie iiirurmcil In'm, that, according to ibc intelligfrncc rorinved from an Ainrrican, t| 
ToAvii's-iJCoplp nt Cadiz were fearftil of an attack, and that not one half of thf 
were monnied on tlic walln. ^' I h>i»j to be at them!" cxclaime^l tin? gallant 
man. He also at the same time, toncbed upon the Tcnerifle exiM<dition,] 

Ttb June, ITftT. 

You must think, my dear Sir, of giving me 200 Marines ii 
addition lo what I can land ; the whole business is arran^ 

' Mamcr of the Vilte de Ptiris. 



my mind, and I can point out to you the absolute necessity. 
tain Oldfield of the Marines, who was with Dacrcs' in the 
ptrc at tlie bcgiuniiig of the war, is a very worthy man ; 
under Capta'm Troubridgc ashore, and myself afloat, I am 
fideut of success. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson, 


UFrtun Clarke and M'Artlmr, vol. ii. p. L't, Vide p. flSO, vtilo, wlictip)^ it would 
Mu iLiU tliia Letter wm written enrly in Mny.] 


Tliesetis. f^ili of.lunr, IVtlT. 

A Spanish Officer having said, that you had expressed a 
rish to obtain a Letter stipposcd to have been written from his 
ajesty's Ship Eginont, and inserted in an English News- 
per, relating to the Action of February 14lh, every intiiury 
beeu made to obtain the Newspaper, and hitherto without 
Captain Sutton of the Egmont has also done evcry- 
ing in his power, but without being able to learn whether 
Letter from that Ship has been pu!jlished» The inquiry 
however, produced from my Commander-in-Chief, Sir 
hn Jcrvis, the most handsome testimony of the gallant con- 
ict of a Three-decked Ship, bearing the Flag of a Vice- 
dmiral, who did everything which a good Officer could do, to 
tempt to cut through the British liuo, between the Victory 
id the Egmont. 

I am, &c. 

UoRATio Nelson. 


[From Clarke aud M.Vrtlmr, Tol. ii. p. 10.] 

OUi June, 1797. 
My dear Sir, 
The Newspaper was at last found in the night, on the 
quarter-deck, and is gone as you desired : it will, I fear, 

* Cuptiiiu James RicUvd Dncrcs> 


miHlli* ■gainst Cordova, if anj weight be given to a Ncws- 
p^MT Mxount Your testimony of ^(orcno'^ conduct nill do 
doobc be of serrice to him; the Trials are commeti' 
ererj day an account is sent off to Madrid. The hea\ - ^ 
flgnnst CoidoTa is> not coming into Cadiz with his Convoy, 
which thej say he could bare done the Jny nAer he ha ' 
the Straits. Monies, it is expected) will be shot, « 
broke, Moreno acquitted. The long trial of the Officers who 
gave up Figoens is jtist finished, and five arc to be shot Ail 
the Offioen who composed the Council of War arc to be 
degraded in their public and private rank. According lo 
zeporta, the French have been refused a passage tlirough Spain 
to Portngol ; and a Minister of ours is at Paris. Tbc Venetians 
are suffering everv misery from the French. I was in great 
hopes the salute was from an Admiral from England. The 
number of men you propose lo give me, I have no doubt «« 
all-sufficient ; but I well know that a few more red coats have 
their use in dazzling the eyes of the Enemy. 

I send you the State of the .Swiftsiurc ; even the sight of the 
two poor men* in irons on board her has affected nic more 
than I can express : if !Mr. Weir* would look at thcni» I should 
be glad. Tlie youth may, I hope, be save<l, us lie has inter* 
vak of sense, his countenance is most interesting. If anj 
mode can be devised for sending him home, I will with 
pleasure pay fifly pounds lo place bim in some proper place 
for bis recovery ; the other, I tear, is too old. Your manage- 
ments are always goo<l, and nothing shall be wanting in the 
execution. Martin' has got an idea that I am likely to move; 
and should it be proper to enlarge the Squadron, I beg he 
may go, but not to displace one of the others. 1 hope the 
reinforcement will soon arrive. I do not build much on the 
acts of the Portuguese Squadron,* even if they go off Spartcl. 

I am, &c., 

Horatio Nelsok. 

» TbcMinen were sas^ieoivd of Lnviug simuUtcd Jcnuigemeul, lo obuiu liii-ir tli»- 

• Dr. Weir, Phipviciaii U» lln? F1»H. 

• C«pU»u fl<-orce Miuriin ofllm IrresiMiblc 

• I'uiler Be»r AHmirnl, ihe Mnrqiiis d« NU». 




[Autograph, in the iwMesjiion of tlio Dowager Laif da Sumuuvx.] 

Thesous, .June l)Ui, l<!t7. 

[3fy dear Sir James^ 

&nd, I beg, whatever you think Ht towards San Lucar : all 
lo is right, and cau hardly wont ray sanction. I hope 
Boats will be rewarded for their trouble : they take all 
rizes for our Squadron, Believe me ever. 
Your most iaithiul 

UoaATio Nelson. 


[From Clarke and M'Artliiir, rol. U. p. IT.] 

lOtb June, ITQr. 

My dear Sir, 

ope, for the poor men's sakcs, that they are imposing on 

\ but depend on it, that God Almighty has afflicted them 

kith the most dreadful of all diseases. They do not sham ; 

^eed, you will find I am not mistaken, and all the Comrais- 

ioners in the World cannot convince me of it. For what 

turpose can these poor wretches attempt to destroy themselves? 

br what purpose can one of them have spoken to me as 

■ationally as any person could do ? Do let Mr. Weir look at 

cm : I am sure he will think with me, fi'om the order to 

irescnt those who are objects unlit for the service, I could 

lOl do otherwise than I did; but if you think I have said too 

ucb, pray curtail my Report. But I will get to picasanter 

objecL<». I am forming a ladder for the escalade, which when 

nished, I will send to the Ville dc Paris, that we may have 

cnty at least. Ten hours shall make me either a conqueror, 

defeat me. I long to be at work, for I begin to think these 

llows will not soon come out, at least not whilst negotiations 

going on. 

I am, &c. 





[FVom Tnckcr'B Mnnoin of Eirl 8t. Vincent, toI. i. p-Ail.j 

TI.M.S. TUefiran. 13th Juo*. 
My dear Sir, 
The Flag of Truce was only to bring the letters - 
with; but it brought out in conversation a circu 
which, though believed by many, I have my doubts about 
least, that the Spaniards would have acknowledged it— vlt 
that the Trinidad not only struck her Colours, but hoiiite 
tm Pavilion Parliamcntaire ; ' the fact is now so well establishei 
that it cannot be done away. The next momir 
attended by the Frigate, seeing some of our Ships n 
I suppose Egmont and Namur, she hoisted an English Jidc 
over the Spanish Flag, to induce the English to siu 
was a prize. Everybody, their Officer says, expcr 
to be settled, and that it will bo known here by the end of Ai 

Believe me your most faithful, 

IIoBATio Nbi 

[From Clarke uid AlvVrthur, vol. ii. (^ 17.] 

The ladder sent is not so light as I wished, but we i 
not do any better with the stuff' we had. Three men can i 
it with pleasure, and, if possible, there should be ten mcoi 
a lime on it : in short, the actors in our performance musti 
be too anxious to mount. Wishing that I may soon sec 

Believe vac yours faithfully, 

Horatio Ni 

' St'C Criloiiel Drinkwuter's Xnrrnlivr, p. GOi, mile. 

• Clarke and M■;^rtlMl^ aJilcd to their tcrtion of tlii* Lftler flmt it iJor»i 
upon wrlint niitlioriiy) tliii [Mirngmpli : "I liu\p our Irulclpr ItnislirH, thirty I 
long, Mild wlipii j'on tliiuk Ui^ Lime draws uear lo make {•eopkt gues*, 1 ahovtil 
one from over) Shiji in jh** IImJi" 



[From Tucker' ti Monioira ofEorl Ht. Vincent, vol. i, p. iVi.] 

Il.M.S. TheseiiM, June 13ib, 0, p.m. 

My dear Sir, 

^hal ihc intentions of the Dons are, I know not; but their 
»menls would assure mc, if English, that they arc on the 
)f coming out We see that thirteen Sail of the Line are 
loored and hove short. I saw Gravina cat his anchor, 
they did it hriskly ; but the accommodation ladder of his 
vras not in at sunset. The signals which they have bcco 
king this day are not their usual Harbour-signals. I will 
;ivc them credit for their alertness, if they come out in the 
Qorning. This Squadron have their bulkheads down, and in 
lerfect readiness for battle, and to weigh, cut, or slip, as tlie 
ion may require. I have given out a Line of Battle, — 
slf to lead ; and you may rest assiured that I will make a 
>rous attack upon them, the moment their noses are outside 
he Diamond. Pray do not send me another Ship, for they 
nay have an idea of attacking the Squadron ; and if you send 
more, they may believe we arc prepared, and know of 
intention. It will, Sir, be my pride to show the world 
your praises of my former conduct have not been un- 
thily bestowed. Believe me ever, my dear Sir, 
Your most affectionate and faithful, 

Horatio Nelson. 

[From CUrkc and M'.Vrtkur, vol. ii. ji. m.] 

I'itliJiino, 17(»". 

A few nights ago a Paper was dropped on the quarter deck, 
if which tills is a copy : — ' Success attcnil Nelson ! 

K bless Captain Miller ! We thank them for the Officers 
have placed over us. We are happy and comfortable, 
and will shed every drop of blood in our veins to support them, 
the name of the Theseus shall be immortalized as high as 
Captain's. Snip's Company.' 

Yours, &c. 

Horatio Nelson. 

SW LETTERS. [1797. 


fFrom Tncker'a Mcmoin of Karl of St. Vincvat, ml, L |t. 414. 

TliM«ns, JuTU> aUl. lift;. 
My dear Sir, 
The liistory of women was brought forward, I remember, in 
the Channel Fleet last War. I know not if your Ship was on 
exception, but I will venture to say, not an Honourable but 
had plenty of them ; and they always will do as they please. 
Orders are not for them — at least, I never yet knew one who 

Tour most faithful, 

Horatio Nei-son. 


[From Clarke ami M'ArUior, toI. ii. p. 21.] 

.lune'iOth, 170T, 
Mv dear Sir, 

The two Vessels which came out of Cadiz this day nearij 
agree in the same story, that the Spanish Fleet, twenty-cij^ht 
Sail of the Line, is full manned, chie0y Soldiers, and is ready 
for sea, and there are two Sail also nearly fitted out whicli arc 
not manned j the Toulon Ships and those from Carthagem 
are cxjKJctcd the first Levanter. The people of Cadiz hayc 
I^litioned Government to order the Fleet to sail; for that, 
whatever may be the event, it must force us to quit thi< 
ground; and as three Ships from Lima are momentarilv 
expected, and the Havannah Convoy (for every morning the 
Merchants are on the walls to see if they are in our Fleet), 
they declare if they should fall into our hands, that the Mer- 
chants in Spain would be ruined. They know we have a 
Bomb-vessel fitting at Gibraltar, and are in terror of a bont 

• Sir John JerrU' rci^y lo Ihig I.«tler, dnU-d on lUc 'Jlsl, cuminenofd llin» :— 
" i perfecUy ngree with jro« Uml tUc owrflow nf Honournblr* aail (ho Di«eipl»« 
llu-y Imve miuie iwioiig the t'lebttiuis lioa b«.-«ru ibe ruin of »Lt< Scriiec I wiw 
iwrmitted h woiimu i<j ^ lo neu in tlie Sliiii," Ikii,—Aul4,$jniyh, in tbr SrUon 

j«T. 38.] LETTERS. 

bardment I will write to Don Josef Mazareclo, and he sball 
luve ibe letter soon after daybreak to-morrowr : he is a Eis- 
ner — they are not famed for politenosa or gallantry. I 
I shall always have to boast, and truly, of your unalterable 
friendship, which it shall ever be my study to deserve. 

I am, &c. 

lIoRATio Nelson. 

'IX) MRS. sy±so\. 

^From Clarke atul M*AtlJ)ur, ro). ii. p. 3].] 

20tli Jnne. 1T07. 
"ReM assured of my most perfect love, affection, and esteem 
for your person and character, which the more I see of the 
■world, tlic more I must admire. The imperious call of honour 
to serve my (country, is the only ihin^ which keeps mc a 
inoroenl from you, and a hoj^e, that by staying a little longer, 
it may enable you to enjoy those little luxuries which you so 
highly merit. I pray God it may soon be peace, and that we 
may get into the cottage. 

I have to thank many friends for their kind congratulations, 
and have had a long letter and genealogy from the York 
Herald, Mr. Nayler, whom I have refen-ed to my brother 
Maurice. I have sent my brother my Sup|X)rtcrs, Crest, and 
Motto : on one side a Sailor j)roperly habited, holding in his 
id the Broad Pendant on a staff, and trampling on a 
ish flag; on the other side the British Lion tearing the 
isth Hag, the remnants Imaging down, and the flag in 
■rs. Motto, what my brother William jsuggcstcd, turned 
English—" Faith and Works." ' 

It Wing ncer»>iiuy for ttio erection of his Bouuer ns n Knight of the BaUi In 

litiaior Ahlicr, ttint lii!' vliotiM hnvr Annnrinl Kiisigni, mtd not ImvlTig a right 

r 4r^ei>iii, hi' iibtuiiieil two Cir«tiU> ; iin<\ ft Lin (JrvM nuii Anitn: itie nUier, 

foniu%, coittcn of wliich docnroe>nis nrc prLntnl in Clarke and M'.lrthar, 

^f^riKliT, No<i. i And •'>. The nmni, riiOed nu Uic '^Hth Octn)><>r. 1797, 

titki U» wM hv Iradiiiun dcsvi-tided fruui tliu KAiuily of Neixon, regiatored 

ilnmldii' VinlliitioM of lltl(4, " hjn fiunily having tyinio tli(> Amu «o n- 

[ria. 'Or a Crom, H*Me, unniutiinled br a Bciid. i^uIm,'] hut tliat ke 

^vnaMc. Anm tbe mun of family ptldnni^i^. to a«cprtnin liis Minnexion wiili 

laid family," anil it (iruoopdi'd i<i " gniut, exeiiiplify. aiid coiiOrm to Sjk 



I hope you will like them. I intend my next winler's ^ 
at Burnham should be fifty good large blankets of the very best 
quality, and they will last for seven years at least. This will 
not laiic from anything the Parish might give. 1 wish inquiry 
to be made, and the blanketa ordered of some worthy inan; 
they arc to be at my father's disposal in November. I have 
received my dear father's letter. God bless him and you. 

Yours, &c 

Horatio Nelsok. 


( Autogritpli, iu Uiv (MstiesHion of Albert Willium Woods, Esq., Lwowler H«talA.] 

TLeaeiu, off Ctulix, June 29th, 1TB7. 

I am honoured with your letter of May 29, relative to mj 
Pedigree ; and I have desired my Brother to deliver you this 
letter, and to arrange such matters as are proper with you. 
As Government have always, I believe, on occasions like th« 
present, paid all the Fees of Office, Installation, &c., I ex])€Cl 
they will do it on the present occasion, for I cannot think of 

IIoHATio Nelsox ibe Aruu rolluwinj;; that U to sav, Or, a CrOMs flon, uUt, 
a Bviitl. giiU'A, siirtiitiiiiitcd by Aitullifr engi'iuled of ibe Jield, cliar)j;Fil wltb Um* 
UoiubH, liiwl, jirii|MT. Ami for a I'lest, on u wTCftlh nf the colours, liie sirrti nf 
n Spniiisli Mun-ol'-Wiir, projier, Iben^uu iuscribcKl, ' Sun Jiturf,' U'iii^ lb«? luOM 
of oui! of ilie I.iiie-of-l}iit(Je Sbi|w, taki>u iu ibe Eiih'ii^'<fuieiit with tbe S|i«ultli 
Heft, oQ' Cik|»« St. Viiicenl, on the 14lb diiy of IVbmiiry, 1707, by IIi» Myi-«i}'« 
Fleet iilidvr the Couiiuuud of Sir John Jei'vix, Knigbt of lUe Mu<>t tluiiuiirublc Ordrf 
of lli(^ Bath, (now ICorl of Sitint Viiicnil,^ to be borue iiiid listed for rvrr brrniti^ 
by bini tbe inid Kt-ar-AdiuiriU bir Horntio NelMiii [»» u ifH^niorinJ nf [an dlttin 
triiished soi^ices aud meiitH. wLioh will be oiore piii'liculiirly ktuletl iu bik i'auulul 
Su|>porterH) oud liin di-<ic-oudAnt>>, »iiJ by tbosit^ of bk Mild fMher, Kdiiiuud NeliM 
with due and projier ditreivm-eii m-cordiiig' to tbe lawH of Anns, witboiil llii; let i4 
interruption of any iH-Mon or |>ersons Hh«t'»oever." His Siipportfrs, (but flbrlli 
Hiiggestcd by the Hfrnlds* or by biniHelf, is doiiblfid,) as dr«cnbed iu llie Gnuil 
theni, were, " Ou tbe L>e\ler, n Siiilor, iimied with a cutloMs, aud • |jair of 
iu bis bvlt, |>ro|)cr, tbe exterior bniid supporting ii Slalf, thereon boistcd • CoBUM 
ibiR-'s Flag, giJe.4 ; ori tlie Siuisler, n Liou, rompiuit, leguonUiiL, |iru|irr, ia U 
luouili u brokeu lliig-itlui)', tbvrefruiu flowiujr a SinuukIj Fl»g, or and gulas." 

tT. 38w] 



at one sixpeDce expense :' but my Brother will express 
itimeot^ fully on this head, and I have the honour to 

Yoiir mofit obedient servant, 

UoBATio Nelson. 


[ABtOgn^>li, in the possession of Sir JoUn Bielcerton Williuas.] 

TUescoii, June.'iOtlj, 1797, 
My dear Sir, 
\Ab I have desired my dear William to write you, I 8hall 
Jy ex|»res3 my anxiety that his Time should be sent lo me. 
bear be was borne some short time on the Grampus' bonks, 
; of this you know more than I can do. My health is so 
indifferent, that longer than the 30th September I can- 
serve without a short respite from fatigue ; but I hope the 
fla will be over by that time ; for, unless we are united at 
le much good cannot be expected, — let it bo a War of the 
JO, and what signify France, Holland, and Spain. 
Tcare looking at the Ladies walking the walls and Mull of 
iiz, and know of the ridicule they make of their Sea Officers, 
lirty Sail are now peri'cctly ready, and, the first east wind, 
tpect the Shijw from the Mediterranean, which will make 
tn forty Sail of the Line. We are now twenty ; some of 
Ships being always obliged to be absent for water, pro- 
ma, &c. However equal we may be to do the business, 
I cannot bring myself to believe that it is good policy to 
leave u» eo inferior, whatever honour there may be in it. The 
merchants of Cadiz have repeatedly petitioned Government 
tu fdtce out the Fleet; and say truly, that ten Sail of 
iba Line had better be sacrificed than the loss of their three 
^nifi from Lima, and their Homeward Convoy, which must 
^M into the hands of the English, if they arc not forced from 

• KvUiiDM r«fi)»al to pay uny Ftscs for the Honour ooufenf d upon liim, cnlb for 

^tlioii tlir fiu<l itiiglii ucvra lu jiiKtify, becauM it relides Iv a Mtill 
y rrpaRiiaiit to tlic f«cliu(^ of diBtiugiiiitlicd Officers, irgiiHous 
"inAtjry to iho ilif^iiiiy of tlu- Ci-owu. Sec the AppiiXDix, p, itti. 
D D 




before the harbour. I nm of opinion that some momhig 
when least expected, I shall see them tumbling out of Cadis 
We in the advance are, night and day, prepared for battle: 
our friends in England need not fear the event. At preseni 
we are all quiet in our Fleet ; and, if Government hang sodu 
of the Nore Delegates, we shall remain so. I am entirely 
the Seamen in their first Coinplaiut We aic a neglecto 
and, when ])eaec comes, arc shamefully treated; but, 
Nore scoundrels, I should be happy to command a 
against them. We have reports through Spain that Pi 
out: it is Measures must be changed, and not merely Mei 
I beg m}' respects to Mr. Coke and Mrs. Coke, and 
me, dear Sir, 

Your very obedient servant, 

Horatio N 


[From Harmon'A Life ofNvlHon, vol. i. p. IM). 


nOth Inn*. If 

I am directed by my worth}' Commander-in-Chief to ini 
your Excellency, that numbers of the Spanish fishing-1 
are found at such a distance from the land as plainly to 
that they have something farther in view than r,r ' ' 
and, therefore, that orders are given, that no 1 . 
be in future, permitted to go farther from the shore than Cheil 
usual fishing-ground, which, we understand, is in al>out thirty- 
five fathoms water. 

Your Excellency, I am confident, will receive this com- 
munication as an adddilional mark of attention from itiy 
('ommander-in-Chicf to the inhabitants of Cadi/., and it> 
environs, and will take measures for the infurmatioti nf the 
fishermen, that iheir boats will Ijc sunk, if found .i" 
contradiction to this notification of the British .\ 
With every sincere good wish towards your Excellency, 
me, your most obedient, 

Horatio N 


[Trom Clttrko Aud M'Artliiir, vol. ii, ji, 2*3.] 

3r.l July. 17«7, 

We will begin this night by ten u'cluck ;' anil I beg that all 
le launches of the Fleet may be with nie by ciglit, or half- 
at farthest, also all the barges or pinnaces. I wish to 
it a •warm night at Cadiz. The Town and their Fleet 
repared, and their Gun-boats are advanced ; so much the 
■tier. If they venture from their walls, I shall give Johnny 
full scope for fighting. Mazaredo will be more than 
itman, if he can keep the Merchants of Cadiz in good 
lour. I am inclined to think he has been out this after- 
I intend, if alive, and not tired, to see you to-momnv, 
id ever to the lust believe me your faithful, 

Horatio Nelson. 

, [OrigiiuU in i1>« Admiralty. Publi«lied in ibe London Gazette, of the IslAn^Rt, 

The«eu», July 4lh, 1707. 


In o})edience to your orders, the Thunderer Bomb was placed, 

the good management of Lieutenant Gourly, her present 

Jommander, assisted by Mr. Jackson, Master of the Ville dc 

* 'the prt^ionUious raeutiotird in this Letter were made for tlir tonibiutlmcul of 
lis. which took |iI«<t in thv liighl of (lie !lri1 of July, (tii thiU d«y Sir JnUn .Icrvi.i 

the followinft Uoicriil OiiUr: — " All tlie biirgex utid Innnchrk. irilliniit rjrirp 

tm, with their ciuToniidc¥ pro|KTly fitted, Hlid plenty of nuUMiiiilinii rend pikes, iirc 

I be with AdmirHl Neiiinii at halfpiist H n'ldock lliix night, fur n purticiitiu' Kenietf. 

I WftlvriiiK miiHt r«ii»<: for to-night." The |iai'liculiirs of the Alfiiir lue fully delaili-d 

. Nelaou's official Dispatch. 

* Thi>«LKtt4<r wi» inumtnilted to the Admirulty, with the folliiwiag Diiijialoh. from 
Cowniiinder- in-Chief; — 

"Ville dc PoriH, oiriftdi*, July Mb, 1707. 

["IdenTre you will acqiiuinl tht' Lords rommiH»ion*ni of ih« Adniir«)iy. thru iht' 

kichnn^, witli Uie Thunder hi)ni1i, hnviti); a dctaclunout of ArtillciY on buarJ, 

1 iho I'rchin tliin ho»t (mm Gihrnltir, joined on th(< :Jnd InNiJini, anil th«» iiiijht 

Ifiwing, near-AduiitiU N'elHun, hnviiig tniule hix dispositioiK, the Iloml), co^fr«rit 

tli» (itm huftt, Launfbe?^, mid Barges of the Fleet, \nv plnred near thp Towt of 







Paris, who volunteered his ahle services within 2500 yards of 
the vialh of Cadiz ; and the shells were thrown from her with 
much precision, under the directions of Lieutenant Baynes. of 
the Royal Artillery; but, unfortunately, it was soon found 
that the large Mortar was materially injured, from its former 
services ; I therefore, judged it proper to order her to return 
under the protection of the Goliath, Terpsichore, and Fox, 
which were kept under sail for that purpose, and for whoM 
active services 1 feel much obliged. 

The Spaniards having sent out a great numl)er of ^(orttf 
Gun-boats and armed Launches, I directed a vigorous attack 
to be made on them, which was done with such gallantry, tlttt 

S«n ScbwtJan, luid llreil same sL^lU into tlic To^u. wlien lui uioupt wtn inMa kf 
Ihc (iiiii'bon(<i and Lnuiickc^s of the Enemy to earre lj«r. Tbc Heor-Adminti, vb* 
U fllwuyii preseni in tbe hiomI arduous enierpriscM, wiUi the iU)i*ii>tKnc« of «oiw ntiirr 
Bnr((M, bonrdeil iml carried two of the Enemy's Oiin-boALs, lutd a B«r^ liuiiidi of 
one of their Ships nf Wur, with tbe CominaudAnt of tbe FlotiUn. tnilus!>Lon tm 
fliot eiglxeen or iwenlyHpiuiiani!> were killed, ihe ComniMidaul Rnd sevorM] «oand«d; 
he imd twenl)-llve men were made priifonf'r* ; the rest swum ashore. 

'* TLii* spirited Aotinu wis performed with inconsiderable Iom on our pan, M ptr 
enclosed. The I^uimch nf ilic V'ille de Paris was sunk by » ntkitig nhoi frvn tlv 
T.nemfe {pin-boaUH ; but, by the aotire, intelHgcTirt mind of CuptAiu Troiibridije, got 
lip VMtcrday woniiug, and repured on board iJio Ciilloden. 

" Renr-Admiml Nelson'a acCioas speak for themselves ; any |ii a.iHe uf miiie irodU 
vcrj short of liis merit. "I luu, Sir, &o. 

"J. J««ri». 

" P.S. The inclosed Report from Bear-Adnurol Nelson hu just reached roe " 


Theseus .'• wnniideil, 

Irrvfti^tible .... 1 woiiuded. 

Seahorse ... 1 wnuudcd. 

Ville de Paris . . . '> wouiidod. 

Prince George i lulled ; 5 woundtd. 

Diadem I woutidvd. 

Barfleur .... 1 wtiunded. 

Egmont .... 1 wo muled. 

Total : 1 killed ; 20 wounded. 


SealiOT^e. — Cnfitaiu Fremaiitle, nli^Llly. 

Ville de Paris. — Licnteniuit William Belby, ditto. 

Diadem. — Lieuteunm W. J. llowe. ditto. 

Prince George, — Lieutenant Gregory (JrMtt. ditt04 

Ditto. — Mr. R. Toolcy, Mid»hipmiiii, ditto. 

Barfleur, — Mr. Hugh Pearson, Master's Male. 

Theseus. — Jolui Sykca, Adiuiral'a Coxswain. 

J. Jaan*." 




iy were drove and pursued close to the walls of Cadiz, and 

it have soifered considerable loss : and I have the pleasure 

inform >ou, that two Mortar-boats and an armed Launch 

lained in our possession. 

1 feel myself particularly indebted, for the successful ter- 

lation of this contest, to the gallantry of Captains Fre- 

itle and Miller, the former of whom accompanied me in 

Barge ; and to my Coxswmn, John Sykes,* who, in defeod- 

my person, is most severely wounded; as was Captain 

jmantle, slightly, in the attack/' And my praises are 

lerally due to every Officer and man, some of whom I saw 

ive in the most noble manner; and I regret it is not 

my power to particularize them. I must also beg to be 

litted to express my admiration of Don Miguel Tyrason, 

ie Commander of the Gun-boats. In his Barge, he laid my 

>at alongside, and his resistance was such as did honour to a 

ive Officer ; eighteen of the twenty-six men being killed, 

himself and all the rest wounded. Not having a correct list 

killed and wounded, I can only state, that I believe about 

are killed and twenty wounded. 

I have the honour to be, &c, 

HoHATio Nelson. 

Si. Vuicent rewarded tikis gallODi fellow witU ■ Ounoer's wtrrant, tad 
tinted iiltu lo the Andftunacbe. CitptAin Miller, «Ttiiiig to Nelson, townrdf the 
[of 17ft7, said, " I wi»li iLot Sykcs liiul served time sufficient, os I would Lnvti 
roitrtd lo {ireviul on Lord St. ViDceni to moke him n Ueiilriiiuit ; lii» man- 
■od conduct UT to entirely above lu» sitiiniioiu tlmt Katiir<- certiuiil; iiitended 
I for a grntlemAii." — Clarke and M'Arihur. Svkc» was killed by tlic burst 
Fof A lUUKiou, before Oclol>er 1 TU1I. 
Speaking of the Itlorkiule nf CmUx, mii) of this Aflur, in the " SketeU of liia 
Nolsnn Ha}«, " II wns ihiriug lliis period that perhnim lUy perBoii*] roitni{{c 
1 man eoiwpicuoii"' than at iin_> other part of my life. In aii attark of the Spamsb 
a-boau:, I wiu. bon»led iu uiy Barge with its comnioii orew nf leu >ncn, eockfiwiun, 
t:a|iiaiu Freeniantle, and myself, by thp Comiiinmler of the Qun-lioats; the Spaiil&b 
rowed twenty-six oiim. besides Offieer*. thirty men in the whole. Tlii.s was a 
ire hand to hand with swordi, in which my Coxiwnin, John Sykes, now no 
K, twice Rated my life. Eighteen of the Spouianls beiu^ killed and several 
iIH, we sncceeded iii tiikiiig their Commander." (Vide vol. i. p. lU.) Clarke 
.SI'Anlmr state that Sykes sn\ed lii» Admiral'H life* by pRrn-ing the blow, aimed 
Di, aad that he ouce ot-tuully inierponed his own head lo receive the fuU forcu 
Spaniiih sabre, which, fighting band to baud, be could in uo otb«r way pre- 
\ from falling oa Nelaon. 





[From Clwrke and M'Arthttr,Tol.Ii.p.24.] 

July .'lUi, 111''. 

My dear Sir, 
1 am thankful, for your flattering letter," which, aa we all 
like, I will believe as much of as 1 can. To-night' my plim 
is for Cadiz, on the outside of the lighthouse : Jackson knows I 
a good berth. If the Brigs come out, wc will have a dash at 
them, and, as the Boats will be in three divisions under Cap-j 
tains, we may expect a little more regularity, in case of any j 
unforeseen event. Your encouragement for those Lieutenant 
who may conspicuously exert themselves, cannot fail to hare 
its good effect in serving our Country, instead of their think- 
ing that if a Vessel is taken, it wotdd make the son of some! 
great man a Captain, in the place of the gallant fellow who 

' " My (lenr Admirnl. 

" I crinjj'niliiliite yoii mosi beartily on iLeeyeiiU of last uiglil. Ercry »enl«! 
lire cngugvd in juUh ftrsL Instre to iLc BriUnU onns, aini to your rbamrtrr. (*|(1 
F.xiuuiiii.- strictly your pridoner*, to ili^tcovcr ifiuiy of ilifin mr nnilrrilic ron<'»>nii«l 
of Triiiiiliul or Lugo*, and timke the Spaniali CKIict'n uleurlj iniilmtiuiil llic utgrd 
of yoiir iiivtstigatiim. ( f ) SIosl truly yonrs. 

" VUle lie Piirin, 4iL .Tuly, 1707." " J. Jbhtis. 

Tlie ui\jii.<itin»li)e niiuiuer in vrbich I'liu'ke uid M'Artliiir bare ]iriut4Hl dociunFiili 
it titi'ikiiigly f^brwii liy tboir ropy of ibis Lettrr. At tbe pliico marked (•) ibcybiv 
iulrrjMiliilr'd ilii^i pnrngfrapli, " Tbo letter w cbnrurieriatic of jour noblt- <ouK mid ( 
not be iiJipi-ovtHl liy iliu (iblrsi pou in Furojw ;" and nt t f > ihry hnvp ndHcd, " Job 
Kinit -lieutenant uf Ibe l-'uipndd, w a niiui aft^r yonr own licurt ; put bim iu • «< 
of tukiiiK n Onii-boat, nud I will AiiAwcr be sucreedw, or loses bix life iu tbr nlieuiji 
I iliiiik thi' BnrgeK nud Lnum-beii sboiild eoine to yoti io-inorron nitirr Uie Vi% 
bus elu8L-d, uiid yuii i«^ill muke your arrangFmenls ncconlinglr ; pprbsps it woidd 1 
belter to try to carry wjnic more Ouivbonls, wittioMt tbe Bomb-ketcb. The LieuH 
unnt, wbo bns tbr grentoM merit in taking a Brig r>biill be mode Captain of I 
imnieiLntely" — neitlHrr <if which pnsinget ifi to be Jiiuml in tin- Oii-iiiutl I.rth 
iu tlM Nelsou Pnt>ers. 

* Of iluH »eeoiHl bombnrdinent of C&diz, ibc Conunauiliriu t itin ^•me iJi<- mn'm* 
ing oilicial aeconnt to Mr. NepeRu, tbe Serrctary to the Admiralty. (Lrrntlon Gaieb 
Jut Angtinl, 1707.) 

" Ville de ruris, off Codii, tbe lOtlt Jxdj, 17BT. j 
" Sir, 

"I desire you will acquaint tbe LonU ConunlMioDcra of the Adnufidty.tliitf Era 
Adraiml Nelson ordered a second Bombardment of CBiii*, nn tbe uiglit of tb» 3< 
under the direetion of Cnptniu Dowen of tbe Terpsiebore, L'aptoin Miller nf 
I'besens, and Captain Waller of tbe Emerald ; and a{ipoiiited Mr. Joe^anti, M« 
of tbe V'iUe de PArin, to plnco tbe Tbundercr. Terror, und i^trombolo ; and tliat 

r. 38.] 



l^plured licr. At present the Brigs lie too close tu each 
ler to hope for a dash at them, but soon I expect to find 

)e off her guard, and then . We have eighty-seven living 

)nei'8 now on board, and near tliirtj have since died of 
^ir wounds. News from (.'adiz this morning is, that sonic 
)plc were killed in the Town, and fifteen were killed, and 
[great number wounded in the Spanish j^un-boats. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nelson, 

[Pram Tucker'a Memoirs oflhe Eurl of St. Vinc«iit, vol. I. p. 4l8.] 

n.M.S. Sliip Tlirsfus. Ttb July. ITOT. 

My dear Sir, 
'Hie Officer who came out with the Flag of Truce says, 
lat our Ministers at hisle are Lords Grcnville, Malmcsbury, 

amtinftliiifnt prmlnceil cDiuidnnilile otkcl tn tlic Town Anil among the S]ii|i]>ing. 
Soil of i\if Line, oiuoiig lliciii the Ships cnmiiig the lings of AilmiruJs Mu 
i^iln anii Oravinii, having warpt^l out of the ranfie of Hhell, with much jirecijiilii- 
tn ihn fifllowiug ranrniug; luid it i» -with great HBLixliiciiott I iufonn yon, that lliiH 
iportAOl nervice wns effcfted with very little lo»« on our side, ns per euclojinl return 
Villril at»l wo<ii)(1p<I. The Itenr-Ailmir*] in^iliiutrd nnother operitliuii on titn 
jLl of Saliinlay llir ■>th, ntiiler his own "iireolioii ; but the wiuil birw so strong 
»wn ll4e I'uj, lie coiiW not gel hiH homli ^e^selH up lo the point of otturk in time. 
" Mr, Honisfrr. MiiMter'ti Mnfe ot the Seahorse, di^tingiii:<>hed LimHclf in n very 
niarluible mutuier. I luu, Str. 

"St, Vixckxt." 

Isrrriix or rnc orrtcxni axd mkx dslosoiwo to tab sqitadiiok, who wcbk 


BniiH'V»:HM:i.!i A?(n attacki.s'g the xPAXiaii ocx boaih: 
' Victory, Willinni •.'urainn, t'ommnnder. — I riBicer wfmmU'd. 
Blenhritu, W. Unwen, Commander. — 1 neitmiin killed. 

Tbesoat. I{. VV. Miller, Conmntnder.'— 1 neiuniiti killed; 'i offlocn, 3 niAritUM or 
ulilier* wounded. 
Cnllnden, T. TrnnhridRe, Commander.— 1 «riunnn killeil ; '2 seamen woiiuded. 
Irrciiiiilihie, G. Miulin, Commander. — 1 seomiui nonnded. 
Andftcious, D, Gould, Commander. — I officer, ,'l wameu wmmded. 
Seahorse, T, F. Kremiinlle, Cnmniiuider. — J officer wounded. 
OrpicnRH Woi'moBO. 
Victory, •^Lie«te^autCuUin^', much limited. 
Thc^eu!». — John Oldlield. Captmn of Miuinea. 
I'iiio. — .lohn Collier, Midshipman. 

AnrUw ji'os.^ SleplienMim, ditto. 

BeftUorse, — John Homaey, AotingAaelttant. 

"J. Junv-jo." 




and St. Helens ; Dell ' Campu aud Camporusa, on the part of 
Spain ; and De la Croix, Le Tumeur, and another on the 
part of Fnuice: that Peace is expected every day, — thst 
with the Em[>cror is ratified aud tinished ; also, that the 
GoveniDicDt of Genoa is completely altered, — many of the 
Senators were massacred, and their palaces plunderciL NewB 
from Cadiz, by a Market-boat, that our Ships did niudi 
damage ; the Town was on fire in three places ; a shell that 
fell in a Convent destroyed several priests (that no hartn, iliey 
will never be missed); that plunder and robbery was going 
on — a glorious scene of confusion ; that representations have 
been made to Mazaredo, and to the Admiral, to come out 
with the Fleet. I see an Admiral moving forwards, aud now 
I perceive it is Mazaredo. The bombs and mortars will be 
finished to night, but I cannot part with the L>is. I haw 
arranged about the change of howitzers: to-morrow 1 \Till 
write on that subject. I wish you had mentioned about Zea- 
lous : we hear nothing of her. 

Ever yours most faithfully, 

Horatio Nelson. 
Please God, I hope the Spanish Fleet are coming out, and 
the Admiral is under sail ; aud I open my letter to say they 
arc all on the move. 

[From Tucker's Memoirs of il)« Eoi'l of St. Viueent. vol. i. p. W».j 

Theseus, Jnly », lim. 

My dear Sir, 
In the first place, I congratulate you on the finish, as it 
ought, of the St. George's business," and I (if I may he }>eT- 

• SviD]i(oniM of mnUay Lftving aliewvd ilit'm«elve» on l>o(ird «oine of th« Sbift 
of Sir John Jems's Flert off Cwllz. Uf (inyipro»sfd them wiib lii» clmrMleriatlc 
%itfour lind deciniou. On Friday the »lh, Miid Sntiinlny l)ic Mil of .Iiily, four mnli- 
neers of tlm Snim Geoj-Hx- won- Irin] liy n Coiiri MrtriiiU ; (uul on tJie latter il«y, fISt 
John .T<«ni.i wrote two Notets Tcin*otiBp them to Nelson. In the Atki he imid, •* tl 
lUainr. four luiftirlitnate men rercive sentence of denih, «» tljKrr is ii\fn reiwoii lo be 
liove thoy will, fruiii ihe aironff anddireet cvideiiet which luin* honio to the boaooi* 
of (JI vfiirrdny, nnd the Court Mnriial end* thin ilny, thvy -nrilll mffer lU II o'clock Ui 
the creoing, therefon'," Aw. \h ilie trial did uot icmiiiuUe uitiil after tiinset. tltr 

:t. 38.] 



ed to say so) very much approve of its being so speedily 
fed into execution, even although it is iSunday, The par- 
' situation of the service requires extraordinary measures. 
>pe this will end all the disorders in our Fleet : had there 
the same determined spirit at home, I do not believe it 
Id have been half so bad, not but that I think Lord 
lowe'g seuding back the first petition was ^vroug. 

Yours most affectionately and gratefully, 

UoaATio Nelson. 


ZTnm Tucker"« " Memoiw of Uie E«rl of St. Vincent," toI. i. p. 326.] 

My dear Sir, • tlcscur, July «ith, im. 

^am sorry that you should have to differ with [Vicc- 
liral Thompson] but had it been Christmas Day instead 
%y, I would have executed them. 

WM not ourird into cxjeotuiou oii Uie Htli, uid Sir John Jervis ooiiae> 

Jjr wroU) to Reai-AdiairKl NrUoo : " Tlie sentence iniisi \x! curried into cxccn- 

'inorrow ntoruiiig, aliLougli it is Sunday, nnd you will take cije tn bavp the 

of Uic delnolied S(^iiadrini uji ill time." — AnOujraph* i>J Uie Kelson FniicrB. 

iLetUir lo NVlsoD, dated " ViUe dc I'liris, Sunday Eveiiinp, Jtili July, 1707," 

>Ua Jcrvi5s said: — " ViceAdniind Tliorapsmi lias ]irc«nmed to censure the 

[ion on tli« ijtlibnlh, in n pubUc letter; and I Lave iuiixled on hi>> ticing 

frunj l)ii> Fltret LmniediBtely, or ihat 1 sliiU be cklled lioiue ; and I havo 

itrd for no more Ailmifiilt." — A uloijrnph in Uie Nelaoti Pajicrs. Writinff to 

Sftenccr on Ibnt day, tlie Comnnuider-in-Chief olinerved, " The Court MnrtiHl 

mutinwrs nf tin* St. CJcorjfe did not fliiisli before i)nnHt<t yestenlBy, <tr Ihry 

I hav« been rxfcnttd Uut nigl%], The most during and |iroiliiriue of ibem coQ- 

10 \Ue Cler^>-nian wLo ivitrnded liim, that the iilu) lutd been in coiiiemplii- 

■X months, in concert wiili tlie nritaiiiitn, Ci4ilaui. tiimteui, mid Fymuat. 1 

f I ^Iwll not be cetutnred by llie Brncli of Bisliops, ii« I Litre hern by Vlce- 

'l'Tioinp»on,] for profaning tlip HubbMh ; tUc eriiiiinaJM iwked IWe dayn In 

r, in wLieli tlxty would hnve Liuclied Ave liundred trenMOiu'; lienidcb ibnt, we 

Toldng tlie Spani'b Fleet to <oinc out by every meiuis iu our powor ; and 

mid twenty Gun and Mortar biini» did iicluiilly advAnec, dnstardly enough, it 

confessed, and eannonaded tlie advanced Sqnailron, now cotu|<oK«d of irn 

titr Une, on seeing Iweniy Barge* and Piunoren ^ to uttend the excention 

annteitct'.* — Titrkrr't Mrwutrt ol Earl St. ritKcnl, vol. i. p, IVI'. €*d tlic 

|of September, tlie .\dininiJly acknowledged tlie rereijii of Lord St. Vincent's 

anmmncing the exe<'iitirin of Uie niiiliueerK on the Siindny, and Uieir J^ord- 

[»]ipr«»4cd "Uielr very Itigb approbation" of Ijts "oooduot on Ibat nnpleMant 

o«<uion."^/Ai</. p. 32M, 

410 LETTERS. [1707. 

We know not what might have been hatched by a Sunilarii 
grog : nuw your discipline is safe. I talked to our people, 
an<l, I hoi>e, with good efFcct: indeed, they seem aveiy quicl 
set. Ever your most faithful, 



fProm Clwke •ml M" Arthur, vol. ii. p. 'ill, wJio iliu« ftlirid^ ibn fciTwer pwl of 
tluK Letter:' — *' On tlip Dili of Jul)', iillT, he iufunuod LunI St. Vincrnl, tktt, 
oltlioiigb Ue hoped enoui;h LaJ tx-en done to force nnl the StuuiuIi yieM,y(t in cM 
iliere lind not, be would tn.- theni apwii, ' wbru," lie nUded,'] 

Oth July, 1191. 

Down comes (^adiz ; and not only Cadiz, but their Fleet, 
if Mazitredo will not come out. The people of Ca(Hj 
arc told, that they have made great dcstniction amongst 
us, and believe it ; aud reports say their gun and mortar-boats 
arc to attack our advanced Squadron the very first c.ilm night. 
If they succeed in either destroying some of us, or crippling 
our masLs, then Mazaredo puts to sea, and destroys jou: 
therefore do not be surprised, my dear Sir, if you hear a auj- 
nonade ; I am prepared. 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nklsox. 


[From Tucker's Memoirs of tUc Eori of St. ViiKicnt, toL i. p. 410.] 

H.M.S. TIiMCns, Jiiljr lOUt, 170T. 
My dear Sir, 

1 will send Mr. Yawkins off San Pedro, and hope it will 

answer its intended purpose. I was in hopes the gentij 

would have enabled me to have a run at them, but they arc too 

much ou their guard. If the King of Spain goes on tliis way, 

and the Mexican Fleet fall into our hands, he will be like 

Billy Piu, give nothing but pajx^r. As for those shots living 

about the Thcsctis, it will do her good, and make her die 

' CWke nnd M'.Anlmr iutrodiiced iuto tlii* LeUer, two pwngnq^Iio mu 
lowiug L«tter uflhe lOtU of Jiilv. 

r. 3a] LETTERS. 411 

^ttcr for your support in aome proud day, uot far dislaut, I 
Portugal ought to be grateful for your attention to her 
kterest^ and &o ought little England. 

Believe mc ever your most faithful, 

Horatio Nelson. 
Tlie Dons will be tired enough to take a good nap thifi 



[Aiitognqili, in Um posMSsion of (he Dowb^ft Lady rie Soiimarea.j 

Tbesens. July lOiU, IT'JT. 

Dear Sir, 
I beg vou will have the goodness to immediately send in my 
flter for Don Josef dc Mazarcdo: his Letter of yesterday 
ia not please the Admiral. 

Ever your most obedient Servant, 

HoiiATio Nklson. 


f From C1«rke «iid M'ArlLnr, vol. ii, p. 'il,] 

JiUy UUi, 1707. 

My dear Sir, 
I am sorry to find, from General O'Hara's letter, that he 
the smallest alarm for our success in anything my great 
)mmander-in-Chief plans : had my orders been well exc- 
ited, not n Spanish gun or mortar boat would have been left 
Cadiz. Our loss of men is most trifling; but, however 
lat might have been, 1 had rather see fifty shot by the 
jemy, than one hanged by us. It is good at these times to 
keep the Devil out of their heads. 
^_ Mazaredo is alarmed ; has drawn all his Ships between St. 
^Hdary's and Cadiz ; and if you make haste with the sea-mor- 
^Btr, I will bomb him out of Cadiz baj'. Three fires were seen 
^^j the Town, but they were got under without much difficulty. 
1 laid myself with the Bomb on the strong face of Cadiz^ seventy 



guns and eight mortars. They expected me on the weak side. 
The next night I took them on the soft side, and eighty sheik 
fell in the Town, and some over it amongst their S! 
Yesterday, in the Theseus, I had the honour of every g 
the southern part of Cadiz, and of every Gun and Mortar-lwai. 
I could not get them out so far as I wished, or some of tbcia 
should have paid me a visit. I sent ninety-one prisoners iuU> 
Cadiz, whom I took on the night of the 3rd; and, as to killed, 
I know nothing about them : eighteen were killed in the 
Commanding OfBcer's boat, that bad the presumption to Uy 
ly Barge aboard, manned with some of the Agamemnon's 
;ople. My Squadron is now ten Sail of the Line, IS tbcj 
come out, there will be no fighting beyond my Squadron. 

I am, &c., 



[ftom Clftrke nad M'ArUinr, vol. iL p. 28.J 

.bilr l'-2th to Ute lAUi, IVUT. 
I should be glad if the house were bought : and if yoo do 
not object, I should like Norfolk in preference to any other 
part of the Kingdom; but do you choose. I am sure the 
time is past for doing anything for George Tobin ; had he 
been with mc, he would long since have been a Captain, iwd 
I should have liked it, as being most exceedingly pleased with 
him. My late Affair here will not, I believe, lower mc in the 
opinion of the world. I have had flattery enough to make 
me vain, and success enough to make me confident. When 
you know I am sent from the Fleet, never calculate on a letter 
imtil you hear I am returned. I am always sorry when you 
are disappointed ; aud as I may now be absent lor a short 
lime,' do not be anxious about letters, for you cannot hear 
from me. Ever believe me your roost affectionate bus' 


' The ComnMiider-ii] Chief baring rrorived intelligcucr tbsi a K]iani»li ^bip i-alM 
" KI T'rinfip" tl'.AstimdB,'' riclJy liuien, from Manilla to Cadiz, was a( Snnla Tnur, 
It wa'*drionniiieil to critt Nelson's favourite design of nttAokingUiflt plaop iD]o«A>«t; 
but it miiai not be forgoueu, that a priBcipal oauie of iu tulnn wts, iltai, an eaavntiil 


[Atrtomipli, in XUt Nekon Pupers. TIuh I'«iK>r upp^nr* to couUin oerUin Qbm- 
iii till! laurk nn ToufrifTe. ntucli Nelaou tubmiued to Adsiinl Sir 

WKj*e doci»juii upon iln;m is ftdded.] 

When the Summons is sent in to demand the immediate 
Surrender of Santu Cruz, or the whole Island, with the entire 
Cargoes of such Ships as a\ny have lauded them at that place, 
md every species of property, together with Cannon, Stores, 
■fkc, which is not bond Jidc the actual growth of the Island of 
Teneriffe, or such goods us may be the properly of shop- 
keepers for ibe consumption of the inhabitants of the Island — 
I wish to know if it is your directions, that I do, at the same 
time, demand a contribution of dollars for the preservation of 
all other property in the Island of Teneriffe, together with the 
Vessels employed on the fishery on the African Coast ? 

Not to demand any contribution if all is given up. 

Is it your opinion, that the Summons should be for the 

put of lilir oTigiinil pirtii ww iiui carripd niif, nunvly thp ■utsistunrc of % Inrj^e IxmI}- of 
TrcKipo. ( Vide \i\\. :I7II, .'{HO, ante. ) Ou tlie tdoming of ibc MtL of July, ki> quiiUid 
(li« iuohom Squadron, nml joim*d tlip nuiin body of the Fleet. He tLeu, it appears, sub- 
mitted Ihr khiivf-uit'iilionud poiiilA for 8ir Jotin Jer^-ix's consideratiou, luid recpirmi 
tbe following ordrr for lUf Ktpeditiou : — " By Sir John Jervis, Kiiiglit of ibe BftUi, 
A^iitul »if ibe Bliip, and Commnnrtor in-Cbief of bi* Mi^esty's Ships and Ve«iieL<i 
C8iiil<>;(od, (ind to Iw cinployi'd, iu the Mediterrnuenn, itx. kx. kx-. \w\ are hereby 
rrqiiiroii iiud directed lo lAkv the Sbipa DHlued in the lutirgiu' under your comniiUid, 
Uirir Ciipiuiu--- being insimcted to obey your ordera, iind to proceed wiib tlic utmoKt 
CTpeditiui) oti' the Itland of TeiieriiTe, rihI there make your diniKwitioni for taking 
po*i«^8ion of the Town of Santa Cruz, by a Rudden aiid vigoruus Assault. In cane 
of ■iicciu*', you ore (uiihorizr>d to lay u heavy contributiou ou the inliabitant« of tlie 
Town and ajjiu-i-iit diitlnct, if they do noi pul you iu possefl-iion of the wboln ear^^i 

i-af El Prineipe d" A-iiiria-*, flrotn MoikiUn, Ixmud to Cndiz, iielotii^ig lo ilie Philippine 
roinpniiy. and idl tb» trea-iiiro bclouf^iu^ to ibe (.'I'owu uf Spftiu; and yoti are lo 
mdramur to take, Mink, burn, or otberwTsi' destroy, nil Vessels of every dp»enption, 
•«en thoM: employed iti tlio Fiabery, on the Coa-it of Afrinii, unless a juKt coiitribn- 
Hon is made for liielr prescrvaiion, by tbn inhabitants of ibe Canary Ulaud»; and 
haviij|{ pi'rfiinned your miwtion, yoti are to make the best of your way back, to Join 
roe oB" iliix Tort. OiNfii on lioard the Ville de Paris, off Cadii, the IJtb July, 17»7. 

|J, JkbvIh." — Or»yi«o/ ill the NeUon l'aper», 

Om the l.'^lh of July, Sir John Jcr>is ihiiK alTcaiionalelT expreascd bis wishes for 

[N>lavn'*i «uopc«* : — " <.>o<l bless and prosper you. I oin «ure you wiU deserve 9UC- 
ftm. To mortals is not given the power of couuiiouding ii,"— Ibid. 

' " Thcaeiia. CuUoden, '/.ralotm, Leandcr, Seabor«r, I'^mitndd, Terii^tohore, Fox 
'(1). Cutter." 






whole Island of Tcneriffe, or only for the Town of Santa Crux, 
and the district belonging to it? 

For the whole Island. 

WlisU contribution do yon wish me to demand for the 
preservation of private properly, with the exceptions as before, 
for the Grand (^annri,'? 

Prtlnia, Gomeiii, Ferro, Forte Ventura, Lancerote. 
And, in case of a refusal to what I may tlilnk reasonable 
Terms, to what length may I proceed with propriety ? 

[The iiii6Wfr to lliin Qaenliuu jb not tpvra.J 


[Autograjili, in tlie Nelson Papers.] 

The Culloden and Zealous to each make a Platform* for one 
18-poimder. The Theseus to make a slay for drawing cannuo. 

Each Ship to make as many iron ram-rods as possible, it 
being found that the wooden ones are very liable to break 
when used in a hurrj-. 

The Seahorse to make & platform for one nine-pounder. 
July 17 th, Delivered. 

* 'Ilie Auuexrd Section of Uie rintform in lunoug tlie Nelsou r«p«rs :— 

4 r,,t 

6tnt* Sm: 




[AuUiKMiib, ill Uie Nekiou Papers.] 

Qdestion 1st. 
Is it your opinion that from the information wo have been 
>le to collect, and from Lieutenant Wably's plan, that the 
iding shmiUl bo made in the valley marked K., known by 
le name of Liou'a Mouth, and endeavour to get over the 
lountain marked F. and attack the fort marked G? Or is it 
>ur opinion tliat, at least, 600 men should be landed under 
clAne Wall> and to escalade that wall ? 


jposing the escalade of the Line Wall to be successful, 

it your opinion that an immediate attack should be made 

the Town and Mole, by turning to the left, or should the 

Itack be made by turning to the right, and attacking the 

Itery G.? 


f Antognfli, iu Uie Nelson Ptjiersi.] 

July ITUi, [1700.] 

That each Ship's Boats should be kept together by lowing 
:h other, which will keep the peojile of each Ship collected, 
the Koati) will be in six divisions, and nearly got on shore 
the same moment. 

The Marines of each Ship of the Line to be put in tlieir 
uinches, which will carry them. 


The moment the Boats are discovered by a firing being 
lade on them, the Bomb-vessel to commence her fire on the 
['own, and to keep it up till the Hag of mice is hoisted from 
»ithcr the Enemy or from us. 

That a Captain should be directed to see the Boats put off 

416 LEITBUk [1797. 

from the beach, that more men may be speedily got oa skore 
with the field-pieces. 


Frigates to anchor, as soon as possible after the alarm ia 
given, or the forces ashore, near the battery in the N.E. put 
of the Bay. 


Immediately as the forces get on shore, they are to get in the 
rear of the battery marked G., in the N.E, part of the Baj, 
and to instantly storm it, and also to take post on the top of 
the hill which is above it. 

Every Ship to land the number of men as against their 
names expressed," with a proper proportion of Officers and Mid- 
shipmen, exchisive of Commissioned Officers and servants. 

And the Captains are at liberty to send as many more xaea 
as they please, leaving sufficient to manage the Ship, and to 
man the launch and another boat. Every Captain that 
chooses, is at liberty to land, and command his seamen, under 
the direction of Captain Troubridge. 

It is recommended to put as many Marine coats ur jackets 
on the seamen as can be procured, and that all should have 
canvas cross-belts. 

The jNIarines to be all under the direction of Captab 
Oldfield, the senior Marine Officer ; and he is directed lo put 
himself under the direction of Captam Troubridge, as is 
Lieutenant Baynes, of the Royal Artillery, with his Detach' 


[Aiitogrnph dnroghl, in Uie Nelson Pnpers.] 
Sir, ThMcns at Se*. !iOUi July, 1707 

1 desire you will take under your command the number of 
Seamen and marines named in the Margin,* who will be under 

» TUcseiiR. 200. Zvalona, 200, Tcrp&jeliore. 100. 

CuUoden, ','00. Sfuhonic. 100. Emerald, ItDO. 

Exdoaive of UAoen Mil 8erruit», 900. 
• [A« above,] 



_ imand of Captains Hood, Frcmantle, Bowcn, Miller, 
Waller, and the Marines under the command ol' Captain 
IBS Oldficld, and a detachment of the Royal Artillery 
jr the command of Lieutenant Baynos, all of whom are 
embarked on boanl his Majesty's Frigates, Seahorse, 
sichore, and Emerald. 
With this detachment you will proceed as near to the 
ra of Santa Cruz as possible, without endangering your 
ig perceived; when you will embark as many men as 
Boats will carry, and force your landing in the north- 
part of the Bay of Santa Cruz, near a large battery, 
moment you are on shore, I recommend you to first 
sk the battery ; which when carried, and your post 
»d, you xvill either proceed !)y storm against the Town 
Mole-head battery, or send in my Letter, as you judge 
proper, containing a Summons, of which I send you a 
■ ; and the terms are either to bo accepted or rejected in 
time specified, unless you see good cause for prolonging 
[it, as no alteration will be made in them : and you will pursue 
[such other methods as you judge most proper for speedily 
jcliog my orders, which are to possess myself of all cargoes 
treasures which may be landed in the Island of Teneriffe. 
Taving the firmest confidence in the ability, bravery, and 
of yourself, and all placed under yoiu: command, 1 have 
to heartily wish you success, and to assure you that I 
^our most obc^lient and faithful servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

[AnCogrnpli, in the Nelson Papere,] 

Theseas, July 30tb, 1707. 

le Cullodcn's OflBccre and men, with only their arms, to 

sady to go on board the Terpsichore, at 1 P.>r., this day ; 

lo carry with them four ladders, (each of which to have a 

^anyard four fathoms long,) a sledge-hammer, wedges, and a 


le Boats' oars to be muffled with cither a piece of canvas 

ccrsey. H. N. 

Delivered July 20th, to the Culloden, Zealous, and The* 

)L, II. 

£ E 





rFrom ■ Copy, la Uie NebAn Pcpen.] 

Theseus, Julr QOth. 1707. 

As I have directed Captain Thomas Troubritlge, of his 
Majesty's Ship Culloden, to command the Forces destined to 
take the Town of Santa Cniz, I have to request that jou will 
attend lo all his desires, for the more speedily executing my 
order*, and 1 send you the third Article of the Regulations I 
have recommended. I have the honour to be, &c. 

Horatio Nblbon. 
Article 3rd. 

The moment the boats are discovered by a firing l>e)ng 
made on them, the Bomb-vessel to commence lier firlr 
the Town, and to keep it up till a Flag of Truce is hw 
either from the Enemy or from us. 



[From a Copy, in the Nelson Pap«ra.] 

TbeMUS, Jnlj ^tb, 1T97, 

You will take the command of all the Marines of the 
Sfiuadron, and put yourself under the command of Captain 
Troubridge «if II.l\r..S. Cdlodcn, who has my oixlcr to com- 
mand the Forces landed for the taking the Town of Santa 
Cruz. ' 

I am, &c. 

Horatio Nei-son. 

' Licntennnt Bitjites, nvbo is nflerwnrda so higlJj spoken of, n|)tun^d ili« rank of 
Uentennnt-Colonel. in Deeembor 1814, and died on ihe l«ib of January l«lSi. 


■' ■ ^ c^ 



pli ilfwiglil, iu tLe Nelson Papers,] 

TelsdD, Knight of the Most Honourable 
Bath, Rear-Admiral of the Blue, and 

(Chief of his Britannic Msijcsty's Forces by 

"^hcforc Santa Cruz. 

TbflBeiu, SOiL July, 170T. 

snour to acquaint you, that I am come here 
"immediate surrender of the Ship El Principe 
Manilla bound to Cadiz, belonging to the 
ipany, together with her whole and entire 
all such other cargoes and property as may 
in the Island of Tencriffc, and not intended 
>tion of its Inhabitants. And, as it is my 
let not one individual inhabitant of the Island 
>uld suffer by my demand being instantly cora- 
Bfer the following most honourable and liberal 
111" refused, the horrors of war, which will fall on 
i of Tcncriffe, must be by the World imputed 
p you only ; for I shall destroy Santa Cruz, 
Towns in the Island, by a bombardment, and 
Igv contribution on the Island. 
^B Article 1st. 

Bin>e delivered to me ; and instantly a party of 
shall be put in possession of the gates. 
AnriCLB 2nd. 
"shall lay down their arms ; but the Officers 
to keep their swords, and ihe Gairison, with- 
in of being prisoners of War, shall be tran- 
or remain in the Island whilst their conduct 
proper, as the Commanding Officer pleases. 

Article 3rd. 
bress condition that the full and entire cargoes of 
^sturias, and all such other cjygoes and pro- 
lave been landed on the Island of Teneriffo, 
pd for the consumption of its Inhabitants, [shall 
l] and the fiist Article complied with, not the 
ition shall be levied on the Iidiabitants ; but 
£ E 2 




they shall enjoy the fullest protection in their persons and 

Article 4th. 

No interference whatever shall be made in the Holy Ca- 
tholic Religion ; the Ministers of it, and and all its Religions 
Orders, shall be considered as under my especial care and 

Article 3th. 

The Laws and Magistrates shall be continued 88 at present, 
unless by the general wish of the Islanders. These Terms 
subscribed to, the Inhabitants of the Town of Santa Cruz shall 
lodge their arms in one house, under the joint care of the 
Bishop and Chief Magistrate; and it will be my pride to 
consult vnili those Gentlemen, what may be most advantageous 
for the Inhabitants. Horatio Nelson. 

I allow half of one hour for acceptance or rejection. 

Horatio Nelson.- 


[From « Copy iu ilip NVlgon Papers. A full Recount of tLe piocMdings umI Ckiliirr 
f<f Uio Squadron (it Teiierilfc will be fuuui] in Nrl.son'>4 Journal, ami iu Cuptiun TrOii. 
Li-idge'H Mepari. (Vide p. 4'.!7, post.) It i*. iliorefojr, only nccesMury to oWm 
berr, that Ibe Ili-sl attem]it n<;iuiis( SantR t'ruz was iuteiidnd to have Wto iniidc iu 
ilie iu|(lit or the '-^ist, but the Sliipn were discovered before they cSeeted a landing. 
The fulloiriiiK Ltitt^r, wbieb announced Nel»ou'> iiit4?utioti to i'puew tb« kttuk is 
penon. during llic night ofMouduj, tht> iUh of July, is gnpposed to \m tli» last he 
««vi;r wmtf wiili bi« light huEd, and Clarke mid M'.\rtlinr h«ye given a/uc timilf of 
it. ThoHe writem htule ilinl previous to the iittAclc, NcLton, nntli »oiue of the C»p- 
toins of hi« Squadron, Hiijipcd on board the SeaLonMf, Captiun Fremiuillc, ni TtiwM 
table the lady, whom he hml lately tnarried in tlie Afrdiierraneiui. pr^mded, and mIdtJiil 
" Ni'lHOn, on leaving the Theseus, being Keiwible of the e-stn'mi- danger to which lie 
was about to bo exposed, hod called his son-in-luw, lieilteliaiit Ni»bcl. who had thu 
vrnteh on deck, into the cabin, that he niiglit MJ»«iiil iu arnuiging and biiniing hit 
.Mother's lelten ; \\1ii>n perceiving that the yonng man was aiincd, hr hod lie^^geU of hint 
earnestly to reinnin behind, adding, ■ Should we both fall, Joslah, whatvonld bocotne 
of your poor Mother ? The care of the Thesena falls to rou ; »t«y, tlirreforr, autl taJke 

^ On tlie Paper containing the dronght of this Letter, Nelson wrote (be Ajllowios 
Memoranda: — 

r>t1, Lannch. QO.. Frigate** Lancch. 

'in. Barge. • 2ri, Barge. 

U. Yawl. j:l, Cntter. 410 

in, Pinnnce. I7i 




38.] LETTERS. 421 

PP* of lipr.' ' Sir,' replied Ni.<tbet, ' the Sliixi inu»( Ulcc cnre of henieir. t will 
(itMli yon lo-night, if I never go ngniii." — Cffirkc fiiH M'Artliur^ vol. ii. yo. 
'bu«vpr other nrrkngicniRikiA Nelnuu mnj Lnve miulc, lie certulnly iliil not (kttUruy 
I Wife's Letter!), because lliey still exist Bmoiig liie Nclsou Papers.] 

My dear Sir, Tliescws, off SanU Cmr, July 'riilb, b r.M. 

I shall not enter on the Bubject while we are not in posses- 
sion of Santa Cruz ; your partiality will give credit, that all 
has hitherto been done which was possible, but without effect : 
! this night I, humble as I am, command the whole, destined to 
L land under the batteries of the Town, and to-morrow my 
^Bcad will probably be crowned with either lamrel or cypress, 
^Bhavc only to recommend Josiah Nisbet to you and my 
^Bountry. With every affectionate wish for your health, and 
^■rery blessing in this world, believe me your most faithful, 
^™ UoRATio Nelson, 

The Duke of Clarence, should I fall in the service of my 
King and Country, will, I am confident, take a lively interest 

Ir ray Sou-in-Law, on his name being mentioned. 



fFrom ItArrisoirn " life ofNt'koii," vol. I. p. 'IV>.\ 

His Mttjeaiy's Sliip TIiphpm*. opponito Saula Crui dc TenerilTe, 
■iOib JiiIt, ITUr, 

I cannot take my departure from this Island, without rc« 
pluming your Excellency my sincerest thanks for your atten- 
^Hon towards mc, by your humanity in favour of our wounded 
^Ben in your power, or under yotir care, and for your gene- 
^B^il^y towards all our people who were disembarked, which I 
>hall not fail to represent to my Sovereign, hoping also, at a 
proper time, to assure your Excellency in person how truly I 
_am. Sir, 3'our most obedient, humble servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

422 LETTERS. [1797. 


f From B Copy in the Nelson Papcn, print<jd in the London G«e1ie nf Srpun- 
Imt 2iiil, 17(17. U is rcmarkoblp that in lliin, his oRirinl DixpaJih, Nelson dow 
DAI lURUlion iii« o«ni wound, uf wliicL Uia biogrn|ili«TS (five tUt; fnUowiug lueount:— 
" Att«ii(li?il bjr liiB Ron-in-kw, Nelsou had proceeded fpom ibe S<»hor»« in Ibe 
Mole of SHUtu Cruz, ntid hud there receivfd his st'vuro woiitid £« jrnijiv-sholj Utrougl 
thf riglit flbow. I^thf same Arc linving vrmindrd »(«vfn other men in tJi*ir ri^l 
•nnn,] as he ww in tht' act vt i)rii\riug bio Sword oihJ ntciiping ont uf the Bod. 
'i'hia Swotd, which he hiui so h>ng anil deserredlv vkined fmiu r«spe<.'l Uv hi» itudc 
Mnaricf.' Suckling, was graspud, when falling, iu Ids left baud, uolwithstAnding lltf 
Affoiiy he ru<liir*^d. Lieiitcnnut Nitdwl, who lind rcDiaiiK^ rl<>Ke to Iiitn, aaw bi< 
fatlir-rin-law wuiiuded from the tretuendous fire of the Spaniards, ui)d Ui'Ud hia 
rxrliuin, ' I ain shot through the ami, I am a dead man.' Nislict placed him al llw 
Imtluui iif the Bunt, tuid utecrtiug that (he bight of the quantity of blttod which iiail 
rmihcd trout th<- shntit-rpd itrin seemed to increase the raiiilue«s, lie took off hi* b«l 
to riiucenl it. He then with grciil presence of mind examined the vtntv of tlir 
wound, and holding the bhiittered arm to lU to ittaneh the UoimI, he took nou* silk 
Lundkerchiefi) from Ids neck, and bound Ihem tightly nbox^e the la«>eraied icMrJi; 
but for tluM attention, Nelson, ii»* he iifterwnnls declured, mnxl hure jHTiKhcd. Mr. 
Niitbet was Bssisipd by ft seanmu of the name of Lovel, mie of the Admind'* Barge- 
men ; who, Imving torn his kIutI into shred*, consitmcted h ftlijig for the wotindrd 
Arm. They then collected fiYe other seiuuen, and ut length, with their a>.si«l<iurc 
got tlio Boat afloat, which had grounded from the fntling of the tide. Hating liiiit 
far snceeeded, Lieuteniiut NLsbet took one of the ours iliiit n'niiiiued, and nrdorrd tbe 
inan who ateered to gii close under the gnu* of the bAlterie«. tJial iher might be udi' 
from llieir tremeudnus flre. The voire of hi* son-in-law enforcing tlii» judiriou* 
order, roused Nel^iou from his fainting sinte, und he immediittely desired lo be lifted 
U|i in the boat, thiit, to u«c hif' own words, ' he lutK'ht bxjk a little nhoiit Uim ;' be 
was aceonlingly rained by Ni^bet. The scene of desirnciion and the tempevtiiou* 
sea witre nublimely dreadful : a painful uncertainty prevailed n'specting tlie fal» uf hi* 
brnve oonipanioa^; when, on a nndden, a general uliriek from the orew nt the Fot, 
which had tttnik from n mIioI rIic hail received under water, made the Admiral form't 
hia own weak and puiofnl stutc. iVf any were rescued frtmi n watery gTiti\r b} Nelson 
himself, whojie humane nxertiouR uti this ocromnu added eonsideraidy to the agony 
and danger of hi* wound. Ninety-»eveu men. ineludiug Lieutenant Gibsiin, wrre 
lost, ond eighty-three were saved. The tirst Ship whieh the Boat could iroeh. Lap- 
]ien»l to be tlie Sealiorae ; but nothing could induce the .\diuind in g<i nu board, 
tlioagh he was aMiircd that it might be at the rii*k of his life, if tiiey juiempl«d lo 
row lo iinoiber Ship : ' Then I will die,' he exclnjmed, ' for 1 would naher huBm 
death than alarm Mrs. Fremanlle by her seeing me ui thi)^ state, and when I ran 
give her no lidingti whatever of her husband. They accordingly proceeded without 
further delay for the The$en»; when, notwithstanding the increased pais aiul weak- 
ness which he e:$i>ericnced, he peremptorily refnsed all nsaiatanee in geuiug on 
board : • l^t me (done, I have yet my lega left, and one onu. Tell the anri^an (o 
moke haute and get bin instruments. I know I must lose mjr right urn, m the 
sooner it is off the better." — Clarke tuiit M' Arthur, vol. d. p. 'ii'>. 

Home acconnt of wlmt passed after the Admiral bod been wounded, is eoa- 
tMued in a letter tnm Mr. Hosie, one of the tnidsliiptaoDt to lii» ikiLor. " At two 

o'clock [in the inoraiDf;] Admind Nelsou retnri]«»d on bourd, bdup drpudfiilly 
jQuodcd in ihn riglu ami with « gr«pe-«hot. 1 leuve you to judgr of my Bitu«iioii, 
I'U t bebuld our Iwiii iqiproiub with liiin who I may nay bu beeaa Micx)ud I'utLpr 
me, lila right nrtu diuigliu^ tiy hiii Midc, wUiUt with Lite Other he helped hiiuHclf 
Ijuni]! np th«« Sliip% side, und with n spirit that Bstonishcd fvrry otic, told the sur- 
Dn U> get hiB iiuilniineiilK reiuly. for he knew he iniiHt lose hi* urn, iind tliMt the 
>iicr it WM olTthc hcitcr. lie iiuderweui the AiiipiitAtiou \»ith the -latue nriiu)e»» 
ooan^ that havo »lwiiy» marked his ehurricter.'" — Memoirs o/ Caplain Sir 
fiUiam HiMitr, Tol. i. p. 73.J 


Theseus, offSuiU Crtui, 27 Ui July, 1797. 

In obedience to your orders to make a vigorous attack on 
ta Cruz, in the Island of Teoeriffo, I directed from the 
ips under my command, 1000 men, including Marines, to 
prepared for lantling, under tlic direction of Captain 
Troubridge, of his Majesty's Ship Ciilloden, and Captains 
Hood, Thompson, Frcmanlle, Bowcn, Miller and Waller, 
vrho very handsomely volanlecred their services ; and although 
I am under the painful necessity of acqutunting you that we 
,ve not been able to succeed in our attack, yet it is my duty 
state that I believe more daring intrepidity was never 
cwn than by the Captains, Officers, and Men you did me 
c honour to place under my command.' 
Enclosed I transmit to you a list of tlie killed and wounded, 
d amongst the former, it is with the deepest sorrow, I have 
o place the name of Captain Richard Bowen, of his Majesty's 
Ship Terpsichore, than whom a more enterprising, able, and 
llant Officer does not grace his Majesty's Naval service ; and 
ith great regret I have to mention the loss of Lieutenant 
John Gibson, Commander of the Fox cutter,, and a great 

t>f gallant Officers and men. 
I have the honour to be, Sir, 
With the greatest respect. 
Your most faithful and obedient Servant, 
Horatio Nelson. 

* In the Copy in iLe Nelaun Papers the following paragrapb ocotim b«rc, hut it 
i« not in the Letter in ihe Londoo Oazelle : — " AimI the Joiimal which I triuisniii 
you brrewitb will, 1 hope, coD%-i]icc you that my abiUiicts, humble at they are, 
have b«eti exerted on tlie present ocosniou." 





majesty's sniFS under- mentioned, in storming SANTA 
THE 24th of JULY, 1797. 

Theseus. — 8 Bcatnon, 4 marines, killed; 25 seamen 
wounded ; 34 seamen and marines drowned, 

Culiodcn. — 1 seaman, 2 marines killed; 12 seamen, 6 ma- 
rines, wounded ; 36 seamen and marines drowned- 

Zealous. — 3 seamen, 2 marines, killed ; 19 seamen, 2 ma- 
rines, wounded. 

Leander. — 1 seaman, 5 marines, killed; 1 seaman, 4 ma- 
rines, wounded ; 1 ditto missing. 

Seahorse. — 2 seamen killed ; 13 seamen, 1 marine, wounded. 

Terpsichore. — 8 seamen killed; 9 seamen, 2 marine^ 
wounded ; 4 seamen and marines missing. 

Emerald. — 5 seamen, 3 marines, killed; 11 seamen 
wounded ; 10 seamen and marines drowned. 

Fox Cutter. — 17 seamen and marines drowned. 

Total: 28 seamen, 16 marines, killed; 90 seamen, 15 
marines, wounded ; 97 seamen and marines drowned ; 6 
seamen and marines missing. 

Officers killed. 

Richard Bowen, Captain of the Terpsichore. 

Geoi^e Thorpe, First Lieutenant of ditto. 

John Weatherhead, Lieutenant of the Theseus. 

Wilham, Second Lieutenant of the Leander. 

Raby Robinson, Lieutenant of Marines, of ditto. 

Lieutenant Bashain, Marines, of the Emerald. 

Lieutenant John Gibson, of the Fox cutter, drowned. 
Officers wounded. 

Rear-Admiral Nelson, his right arm shot off. 

Captain Thompson, of the Leander, slightly. 

Captain Frcmantle, of tlie Seahorse, in the arm. 

Lieutenant J. Douglas, of ditto, in the band. 

Mr. Waits, Midshipman, of the Zealous. 

Horatio Nelson. 





I pfVom k Copy in th« Kelsou rapvn>, Uic original LitTing apparently been tmu«i 
"^^ 1 in Ui* prcecding Leller.] 

On Friday, the 21st inBtant, (July,) I directed to be em- 
rkcd on board the Seahorse, Terpsichore, and Emerald - 
frigates, one thousand men, (including 250 Marines, under 
be command of Captain Thomas Oldfield,) the whole com- 
led by Captain Troubridgc, attended by all the boats of 
be Squadron, scaling-ladders, and every implement which I 
bought necessary fpr the success of the cntcrjirise. I directed 
It the Boats should land in die night, between the Fort ou 
le north-east side of the Bay of Santa Cruz and the Town, 
ad endeavour to make themselves masters of that Fort, which 
»rhen done, to send in my Summons, the liberal terms of which 
am confident you will approve. 

Although the Frigates approached within three miles of the 
ilace of debarkation by twelve o'clock, yet from the imfore- 
ten circumstance of a strong gale of wmd in the offing, and 
I strong current against them in shore, they did not approach 
rithin a mile of the landing-place when the day dawned, 
rhich discovered to the Spaniards our force and intentions. 
my approach with tlie Line-of-Battle Shijjs, Captauis 
)ubridge and Bowen, with Captain Oitlfield, of the Ma- 
les, came on board, to consult with me what was best to be 
>nc, and were of opinion, if they could possess themselves of 
»e heights over the Fort above mentioned, that it could be 
jrnicd, to which I gave my assent, and directed the Line- 
of-Battle Ships to batter the Fort, in order to create a diver- 
sion ; but this \fas found impracticable, not being able to get 
nearer the shore than three miles, from a calm aud contrary 
currents, nor could our men possess themselves of the heights, 
as the Enemy had taken possession of them, and seemed as 
ADxious to retain &c. as we were to get them. Urns foiled 
roy original plan, I considered it for the honour of our 
Ling and Country not to give over the attempt to possess 
rselves of the Town, that our enemies might be convinced 
lerc is nothing which EngUshmcn arc not equal to ; and 




confident in the bravery of those who would be employed In 
the service, I embarked every person from the shore on the 
22Dd at night. 

On the 24th, I got the Ships to an anchor about two miles 
to the northward of the Town, and made every shew for ■ 
disposition of attacking the heights, which apf)oared to answer j 
the end, from the great number of people they had placed 
on them. The Loauder, Captain Thompson, joined 
afternoon, and her Marines were added to the force beforf" 
appointed, and Captain Thompson also volunteered his ser- 

At 11 o'clock at night the Boats of the Squadron, cor 
talning between six and seven hundred men, one hundred and 
eighty men on board the Fox, Cutter, and about seventy 
eighty men in a Boat we had taken the day before, pnx'ccdc 
towards the Town. The divisions of the Boats, conducted b^ 
all the Captains, except Fremantle and Bowen, who att^ude 
with me to regulate and lead the way to the attack ; ever 
Captain being acquainted that the landing was to be made o| 
the Mole, and from whence they were to proceed, as fast 
|X)S8ible, into the Great Square, where they were to form, and 
proceed on such services as might be found necessary. Wf 
were not discovered till within half gun-shot of the landin 
)lace, when I directed the Boats to cast off from each othoi 
jive an hurra, and push for the shore. 

A fire of thirty or forty pieces of cannon, with muskotrj 
from one end of the Town to the other, ojiencd upon us, bi 
lothing could stop the intrepidity of the Captains leading 
divisions. Unfortunately, the greatest part of the Boats did 
not see the Mole, but went on shore through a raging st 
which stove all the Boats to the left of it. 

For the detail of their proceedings, I send you a copy 
Captain Troubridge's account to me," and I cannot but expr 


[Origiiul, in the Nelson Papers.] 

" Cullodea, 3Ath Jnljr, 17»7. 
" Sir, 

" Fraui Iho du-loicfes of the uigtit, I did not immediaU'lj hit ihe Mole, Uie •{ 
Appointed to land «l, b«t pushed ou shore under the F.ucmy'B batter)-, plo»e to i 
southward of tho Citadel. Captain Wdler lauded at the suae instwit, nnd two 

r. 38.] 



Imiration of the finnuess with which he and his brave 
iates supported the lionour of the British Flag. 
Captains Fremantle, Bowen, and myself, with four or five 
Its, stormed the Mole, although opposed apparently by 400 
600 men, took jyossession of it, and spiked tbc gnns; but 
ich a heavy fire of musketry and grape-shot was kept up 

[fltiicr iMkts. TLe surf wu no higli, mftii; put bock : the bo«Ls were full uf 
fin an instant, and stovp agBiiwt tlip rooIcK, und inoat of the uninuuitiou iu the 
pciK'lirv wet. As soon us I had collccled u f(<w men. I itnmcdiaivlT {iiiBhed, 
Capuia Wftller. for the Squtrc, tJic ploee of liendezvous, in hopes of there 
rting you Mid the remaixtder of the p^nple, atid wiilteU ahoiil nn huur, dnring 
icdi time I neut a Sergeant nith two genllemcu of the Tonii, tu siiiumous the 
If 1. I fear the Sergeant wm shot on his way, as I beard nothing of him aflcr- 

the Inddcm being all lost iu the snrf, or not to be found, uo immediate attempt 

aid lie uiad« un llie Citadel. I therefore inarched to join Captaiua Hood and 

r, who, I had intelligence, hud niiuh- good Iheir lauding to the S.W. of thi.< 

ee I did, with a body of men. I endeavoured then to procure Koiue iut4-l- 

hnee of yon, and the rest of the offirer«, without success. By day-break, 

J cuU<*cted about eighty Marines, eighty I'ike-inen, and one biiudred and 

:ily aniall ano Seamen. Thc^e, J ftniiid, were ull that Mere alive that hiul 

de good Iheir lauding. With this force, having procured some lunmunitiou 

the Spnuish [irisooers we had roatle, we were maiching to trj' wlmt i:yiild 

• done with the Citad*'! wiihntit laddera ; but found the wliole of the sf rrntji com- 

jlMnded by field-pieces, and upwar<li< of eiglit ihouaand Spaninrd.s and une hundix'd 

*D«h under atui», a]ii>i oacliing by every avenue. As the boats wrere all stova, ujid 

•w no pot^ibitity of t,'i-itiiig more men on xbore — (he ainmuniiiou wet, and no 

viaiiiiia — I sent Captain Hood with a Flag of Truce lo the r.ovcmor, to «ay I 

pri'pwed to bnni the Town, whicli I <)hniild iirunedialely put in force if he 

bpruachcd our inch further: and, at ihi' xamc lime. I denired Captiuii Hood lo 

py it would be done witii regret, im I had uo wish to injure the inhubitiuits ; tliat 

'he would cnme to my lenu"*, I «!La vimrty to treat, whicli Im reudilv a^eed to; 

copy of which I huii the honour to send yon by Captain Waller, which, I ho|>c, 

meet jour approbation, and appear highly honourable. 

the '(nioJI body of uieu, and ilie greatiT part being pike and Nmall-arm aea- 
D, wliicli can be only called irregulam, with very little aiomunition in thepourbos 
bat wu!< wet in the surf at lauding, I could not ex^iect lo iuceecd in any at- 
upuu the Enemy, who^e !»ai»erior strength I liavc before mrnlioued. The 
Offlcerij aHstire me they expected nx, and were perfectly prepared with 
batteries, and the number of men I have before mentioned under arms : 
the great disadvantage of a rocky const, high anrf, and in the face of forty 
i of OMiaoD, tbongh we were not saccessAil, will ahew what an Englkhmaa is 

I have the houonr to be, 

With great rei*peel, Sir, 

Vonr most obedient humble servant, 

T. TanuDBtDas. 
P,S. I beg to say, liiat when the Tcrnu were wgued and ralificd, Uie GoTemor, 




from the Citadel and houses at the head of the Mole lliat we 
could not advance, and we were all nearly kilted or wounded' 

The Fox, Cutter, in rowing towards the Town, recr^ 
shot under water, from one of the Enemy's distant l»aii 
immediately sunk, and Lieutenant Gibson, her Commandeti 
with ninety-seven men, were drowned. 

I must not omit to acquaint you of the satisfaction I received 
from the conduct of Lieutenant Baynes, of the Royal Artilicrj', 
not only from the ardour with which ho undertook every sc^ 
vice, but also from his professional skill. 



[From a Copy, io tkcNeUon Papcn.] 


Friday, July 14th. — Wind S.S.W, Moderate breezes and 
cloudy weather. At half-past 8, I weighed, and made sail to- 
wards the Fleet. At noon, I received my orders from Sir 
John Jervis, K.B., Commander-in-Chief, &c. to take under my 
command ll.M. Ships Theseus, Cullodcn, Zealous, I*eander, 
Seahorse, Terjisichore, Emerald, and Fox Cutler, and Mortar 

July loth. — Wind S.S.W. Moderate breezes and cloudy. 
At 5 A.M., made signal for the Captains of the S(^uadron 
under my command (except the Leander and Terpsichore, who 
were to join me at sea) and gave them orders to put ihcro- 

ili Uie liaiulsoniest maniipr, senl a ]argv projiortiou of wiuc, bre«i4, &«., Xo nfWctt 
llie i>coi>Ip, nnd «liewe<l every in*rk of iitteDtaoii iu Lis power. 

A copy of tb is Letter, in the Nelson Paper*, contiuiix the fullnn'm); iulililiou«i 
IMnigrapli, ntUr the words " is equal to," but it is not in lite Origio*! Li-ttcr ; — 

" 1 Imve tbe plea>>iire to acqawnt yoti, ibnt we mtirchcJ through tlia Town od wr 
rvtiirn, with tbe British Colonrs flung at our bewl. " 

' Clarke auil M'.Vrthitr state that — " Tliis IaaC nenteiice if> oii]| foiwil iu Um> rougti 
MS. cnpj of this .lourBAl dictntcd by the Aduiml, mid drawn np by the Secppt*ry ; 
»ud hiut n pen drnwii M<r«is it, iw if Nelson hud resolved not to speak lilmMif of du* 
wnauil hp liA<l rcceive<l ;" but thotr sUieroent is not boriie old by ib<i Copy nvie in 
the NeUon Pupern. 



res under my oomaaid, t 

[case of separation. At 6, w iigbul , and maitt wA to Ae 
tward, vriili H.M. Slips CoBoden^ Zeain 
;rald, Fox Cutter, and Gun-boal in tov. 
seTeral scaling-Iadden fimn tbe JVeL 
Majesty's [^^>p] Alcmcne and Coamj fin 
It the Emerald to look oat W.N.W. fir ijhe 
[11, wore the Squadron, and made all sail to W.N.W. 
>unday, July 16tk— Wind W.N,W. ; Cape St. Viooent 
It 30 leagues ; light airs and ckar weatber. At 5, 1 was 
by lib Majesty's Ships Terpsidiore and Blancbe. 
Captain Bowen orders to pat tiitw— if mder mj com- 
id. Parted company with the Bbodke, and Mood oo with 
Squxtdron under my commaDd. At I AJt^ ordered tbe 
lerald and Seahorse (o diase in the SwS.£. : made and , 
Drteued sail occasionally : Squadron in company. 

[onday, July 17 th. — Wind N.W. North point of Tene- 
le S. 46° W. distant 166 leagues. Moderate breezes and 
weather. Stowed the anchors: shortened aafl occa- 
\j. At 10 iLM., made signal for the Captains of tbe 
ron to come on board and receive my fiirther instmc- 
IS. At II, bore up with the Squadron in company. 
[Tuesday, July 18ib. Wind N.E. North part of Teneriffe 
47 W., distant 117 leagues. Moderate breezes and clear 
_ weather. Made and shortened sail occasionally. General 
il for Midshipmen : directed the Sraall-arm-mcn to exer- 
theroselves, and fire at a target. At noon, fresh breezes 
cloudy. Squadron in company. 
[Wednesday, 19th.— Wind N.E. by E. Teneriffe bears 
4.V W., distant 63 leagues. Fresh breezes and clear wea- 
ther. Made and shortened sail occasionally : Squadron in cora- 
jy. Directed the Theseus to make a slay for an cightecn- 
iinder; tbe CuUoden and Zealous each to make a platform, 
the Seahorse to make a platform for a nine-pounder, 
"hureday, July 20th.— Wind N.N.E. : Teneriffe S. 33° W.. 
Itant 13 leagues: fi'esh breezes and clear weather. Made 
shortened sail occasionally : Squadron in company. Made 
general signal for Captains, 
lyridiiy, July 21st.— Wind N.N.E. : North-East pfjint of 



TenenfTe W. by S., ^ S. distant 9 leagues : moderate breei 
and cloudy weather. Made and shortened sail occasionalljl 
At fotir P.M. shortened sail, and hove to, to the N.W. At six7 
flaw the Island of Teneriiie hearing W. ^ S., distant 10 or 
eagaes. At eight A.M. made the signal for the Squadron 
[.Wear to the eastward, and hoist out their Boats to take 
Marines and Sniall-armed-men on board the Seahorse, Terpsi- 
chore, and Emerald. Made a general signal for Captaina, 
gave them Rules, Orders, and Regulations for their landing «H^ 
^ Santa Cruz. Sent Captains Troubridge, Hood, ami MilicipH 
with the rest of the Officers, Marines, and small-armed men on 
board the Frigates. Wore the Line-of-Battle Ships to tl 
f eastward: in sight at noon — the Seahorse, Terpsichore, and 
Emerald ; Culloden and Zealous in company. 

Saturday, July 22nd.— Wind N.E. by E.: Sania tni 
N.W. by W., distaut 10 or 12 miles. Fresh breezes ac 
cloudy weather. Squadron in com[>any. Tacked and mad 
sflil to the eastward. North end of Teneriffe W\ by N., H 
or 11 leagues. At seven, bore up for the Island. At half- 
past one A.M. shortened sail, and hove to with our heads to 
the eastward. At half-past three, bore up for Santa Cri; 
At half-past four, saw the Seahorse, Terpsichore, and Emeral 
off Santa Cruz, with the Mortar-boat and the Ships' bos 
pulling off shore. At six. Captains Troubridge and Bowci 
with Captain Oldfield of the Marines, came on board to cot 
suit with me what was best to be done, and represented 
me, although the Frigates approached within three miles of i 
place of landing by twelve o'clock, yet from tlic unforeseel 
circumstance of a strong gale of wind in the ofHng and 
strong current against them in shore, they did not approac 
within a mile of the landing-place when the day dawnec 
which discovered to the Spaniards their force and intentions; 
and were of opinion, if they could possess themselves of tht 
heights over the Fort, that it could be stormed, to which 
gave my assent. At nine, the Frigates anchored in shore, ol 
the etist end of the Town, and landed their men. Stood ot 
and on Santa Cruz, with the Line-of-Battle Ships, and wor 
occasionally. At ten o'clock, made the signal to prepare for 
battle, intending to batter the Fort with the Line-of>batti( 



ps, in order to create a diversion, but this was found im- 
rticable, not being able to get nearer the shore than three 
les, from a calm and contrary currents: nor could our men 
themselves of the heights, as the Enemy had taken 
)58ession of them, and aceniod as anxious to retain as we 
?re to get them. 

Sunday 23rd. — Santa Cruz distant eight or ten miles. 
>ng gales and cloudy weather. At four, struck top-gallant 
Its. A.M. at half- past one, wore the Linc-of-Batilc 
ups. At day-light, the Zealous took a Boat from the Grand 
Janarics, bound to Santa Cruz with stock. At seven, Cap- 
in Troubridgc came on board, and acquainted me of his not 
jing able to get possession of the heights over the Fort, and 
lat he had embarked the Troops on board the Frigates the 
receding evening. At nine, made the signal for the Frigates 
weigh and join me. At noon, employed the Boats c^UTy- 
ihe men from the Frigates to the Line-of-battle Ships, 
tnding off and on : Scpiadron in company. 
July 24th. — Santa Cruz N.W. by W., distant five or six 
lilcs. Fresh gales and cloudy weather. Employed taking the 
camen and Marines on board from the Frigates: hoisted all the 
loats in : made and shortened sail occasionally. Standing 
and on Santa Cruz: Squadron in company. A.M. at 
at, Santa Cruz N. four leagues. Answered the Ter]>sichorc 
lal for a strange sail N.E. ; made the private signal, which 
roved his Majesty's ship Lcandcr, who joined the Squadron 
noon. Made the Terpsichore's signal to anchor. 
Tuesday, July 25ih.'— Wind E.N.E. Santa Cruz distant 
or twelve miles. Strong gales and clear weather. At 
le, made the general signal to anchor. At half-past five the 
cjuadron anchored a few miles to the northward of Santa 
At six, made the signal for Boats to prepare to pro- 
ed on service, as previously ordered. At eleven o'clock, 
twcen 600 and 700 men embarked in the Boats of the 
quadron, 180 men on board the Fox Cutter, and about 70 
or 80 men in a Boat wc had taken, who proceeded in six 

* In (koi tlte '^tli. A Ship'* Log ie kept from Noon to Nooo, so Uuu Uie eveui* 
whicli iiApiieued aaer Noon <^ the 24tli, would be cntored under Uie 2fiU). 



division;), under Captains Troubridge, Hood, Thompson, 
Miller, and Waller, Captains Fremantle and Bowen ailen<l« 
iiig the Admiral to regulate tlic attack. At half-past one 
A.M., we got within half gvm-shot of the Mole Lead, MJtboul 
being discovered, when the alarm bells rang, and 30 or 40 
pieces of cannon, with musketry from one end of the Town 
to the other, opened upon us. The night being extremely 
dark, it was only the Admiral, Captains Thompson, Fre- 
mantle, and Bowen, with four or five boats in the whole, who 
found the Mole, which was instantly stonnod and carric'd, 
although defended by 400 or 500 men, and the guns (six 
24-ponndcrs,) were spiked ; but such a heavy firo of musketry 
and grape-shot was kept up from the Citadel and houses &l 
the head of the Mole, that we could not advance, and nearljr 
all were killed or wounded. 

Captains Troubridgc, Hood, Miller, and Waller, landed 
with part of the Boats just to the southward of the Citadel, 
passing through a raging surf, which stove all the Boats, and 
wet all the ammunition. Notwithstanding these difficulties, 
they pushed over the Enemy's line wall and batteries, and 
formed in the Great Square of the Town, about 80 marines, 
80 pikcmcn, and 180 small-armed seamen, (total 340,) where 
they took possession of a convent, from whence they marched 
against the Citadel, but found it far beyond their power to 
take. At daylight, from prisoners taken, Captain Troubridge 
found there were 8000 Spaniards in arms, and 100 French, 
with five field-pieces, assembled at the entrance of the Town; 
and seeing the impossibility of getting any assistance from the 
Ships, at seven o'clock, he sent Captain Hood with a mcasage 
to the Governor, that if he should be allowed, freely and 
without molestation, to embark his people at the Mole-head, 
taking off such of our Boats as were not stove, and that the 
Governor should find others to carry off the people, the Squa- 
dron now before the Town would not molest it. The Go- 
vernor told Captain Hood he thought they ought to surrender 
prisoners of war, to which he replied that Captain Troubridge 
had directed him to say, that if the terms he had offered were 
not accepted in five minutes, he would set the Town on fire, 
and attack the Spaniards at the point of the bavonet. on 




^hlch the Governor instantly closed with the Terms,* when 
iptain Troubridge vith hi$ party, marched, with the BritJBli 
)iirs flying, to the Mole, where they embarked in such of 
Boats AS were not stove, the Spaniards fmding others to 
them off to the Ships. And here it is right that we should 
itice the generous and noble conduct of Don Juan Antonio 
lulierrez, the Spanish Governor. The moment the terms 
fere agreed to, he directed our wounded men to be received 
Ho the hoepitals, and all our people to be supplied with the 
st provisions that could be procured ; and made it known 
tat tlie Ships were at liberty to send on shore and purchase 
whatever refreshments tliey were in want of during the time 
bey might he off the Island. 
The Fox Cutter, in approaching towards the Town, received 
shot under water from one of the Enemy's l>atlerics, on 
|rbicb she immediately sunk, and lieutenant John Gibson, 
fr commander, and ninety-seven men were drowned. At 
even, got under weigh. S(}uadron in company, standing off 
ad on. 

July 27th. — Received the remainder of the Officers, Sea- 
men, and Marines on boarcL Ordered the body of Captain 
lichard Bowen* to be committed tolhedeep with the honours 

* rxjiut AuaaiD nrox mra the ootkbxoi or tub caxaby i^laxps. 

<• SmiIh Crua, 2.^ Jnlf, 1797. 
"TJial Uie Troop!*, Ah?, belonging to his Qritaunic Miycslv sliall emliark *iib iJI 
tit Wit (if even' kiiiil, anJ take llicir BnaU off, if ttavrd, niut Ik- provided Willi 
Bch otiirr Ns muy Ik- wiuiiiuf!;; in consideration of wbicli ii in eugnged on ilieir 
lh#j chilli not mol«m tli« Town in any manner by tlia Sliipe of tke Britisb 
Baadn>n now b<■ror^ It, or Mtj of the Islftuds in Uie CRunripp; Nid priwnMn) ntaaU 
V<a up on ^Hith Kida*. 

" Qiven under mj Ltnd and word of honour, 

" 8am' . Hood. 
" n«iifled by 
" T. TnovBxiroB. Commander of the BritiBh Tro<iii». 
"J". Aktosio Gt-TIBUKEZ, Com'«. Gen', de liu Yslitn de timarift.' 
inal. in tb« Neiwm Pupew, in tho hand-writing of Ciqitain Hood, »nd •i|fu»'d 
by him. Capliun Troubridge, and ibe Sponixb Governor, 
, Memoir and P«.r«riul of lbi» Kftllunt ( ifflcer, wlio hud frequonUy distingwinheil 
t, ore gi»eu itt the \aviil Oiroiiicli', vol, mjii. p. -V>:1. Th* KnrI of Si. 
and Nf Uoii nnod tprvai io(«ftioiis to itidnce the OoternuiMit to place a tnonu- 
Bi«nt to hi* iteraory iu Wostminstrr Abbey, bitt without kucccm, there Iwing ii» 

VOX* II. f P 

434 LETTERS. [1797 

Joined I^rd St Vincent/ Wednesday, August 16tb, at I] 

[To tliia NurratiTe tbe Runned rough S'ktlch la adJeil :] 

[From A Fuc-timilc iii CUrke and M'.lrtliur, vol. ii. p. 41.] 

Tbeaeiia, July 2»tk. 1»07. 

My dear Sir^ 

I am become a burtlicn to my iriends, and useless to my 
Country ; but by my letter wrote the 24th, you will perceive 
my anxiety for the promotion of my son-in-law, Josiah 
Nisbet. When I leave y^ur command, I become dead to tJic 
World] I go hence, and am no more seen. If from poor 
Bowen's loss, you think it proper to oblige me, I rest con- 
fident you will do it; the Boy is under obligations to mei 
but he repaid me by bringing me from the Hole of Santa 

' Tho foUowiMJt Letter vras Lord St Vjocem'ti official ncconnt of Uie L\ih liiinn, 
piiLII&ljed in tl|p London Onu-itv of the 'hxA of Septi-mber, 171)7 • — 

"Sir, "Ville de furis, oB't'iuli*. Aiipist Kiili, l7»«7. 

" I dcxire yon will ncqiiainttlie T^onU Comini^siouen of the AilniintUr, iliu I d« 
laelied Rear Admirnl Nulsou. oiid the S«]itiulrnii luunod in the murgin,* widi unlen 
to iiinkc lui ntteuijii upon tlic Tower of S«ni« Cruit, in ihr Istuul uf T«tierlffr, 
which, from n variety of iiilfUigence, I t'onceived was \7ilneraUe. Ou SatnrJay Ui« 
ir»th of July, the Hew AdmiriU imrted compnuy, and on Taesdny iIip IHUi, tlw 
Lraiidor Laving joined f^oni Lialion, I sent ber After Itu; Itettr Admind, nndrr ia- 
slnictions left by liim. 

"The lluernlil joined yesterdoy, with the enclased dii^pkli'h atid reports frmu ikr 
Keu'-Adiniml ; and olthongh the enterpriiic has not :>acceedi;d, liis Majesty'* arm* 
hfiw acquired a Tery great degree of lastre. Notliiug from my |ien can ad«l lo th# 

» TluseMs, C'lilloden, Zealnns, Beafaorse, Emerald. Toqraicbora, Fo« (flnd> Cnittr. 

I Lope you will be able to give me a frigate, to convey the 
remains of my carcase to England. God bless you, my dear 
r, and believe me, your most obliged and faithful, 

lIoRATio Nelson. 
You will excuse my scrawl, considering it is my first 
Sir Jviia JcnriB, K3^. 

[Aulogrifh, ia tint Nelson Papers.] 

TUvseua, August lOlh, 1707. 

My dear Sir, 

I rejoice at being once more in sight of your Flag," and with 

permission will come on board the Ville de Paris, and 

ly you my respects. If the Enierakl has joined, you know 

wishes. A left-handed Admiral will never again be con- 

jred as useful, therefore the sooner I get to a very humble 

>ttiige the better, and make room for a better man to serve 

ie State ; but whatever be my lot, believe me, with the most 

were affection, ever your most faithful, 

Horatio Nelson. 
Turn over. 
The papers I sent by Waller were, I find, neither correct 
all which I wislied to send. I send you the total by Cap* 
io Miller.^ 

tjogy Uie Rfar-AilmiriU gives of tlie gaUanlrr of ilie Ofllcera and men employed 
J«r Lim. I \ia.\e (^Tcaily to liuuent the lienvy loss the Countr)' has siittloinetl iu 
••etere wauiiil tif RcorAcluiiral Nel.<ioii, luid the death ufCaptniii Jticliunl Oi^wen, 
KUieumit Gibisou, aiii) the other brnve Officers wid Men who fell iu this vi^urous 
. pcrstrvering n&snult. 

' The uibineiit ihi> Reiir Adinirul juius, it ia my luleuliou to send Senkone to Kug- 
vltli liiiu, the wound (.'ii|ftaiti I'reinmitl? has recciveii in his lu-in olsn i-Piiniring 
Dge of cUiuuie ; and 1 hojie that both uf tlieui will live Iu render impoiiuui at- 
to lli«(r King Rtid Cuuutry. 

" I nm, Sir, your most obedient bumble KenriMit, 

St. Vikcbst." 
The Theseuis joined Sir Juhu .ler\'i)i's Fleet on tliiU day. 

Nothing conlii be mare kind or encouraging thun LotU ^\. Vincent'* nmwer: — 
" My dew Admiml, " Ville de P«ri». lOtli Aupisl, I70r. 

I'* MortiUa nuinot roniTnaiid §iiec«ai) ; you luid your L'oropauioiH linve enrliuuty 
il, by tJie prealfst degree of heroism and iirrseveranee ilmt ever was es 
t ^«ve for the lo»s of yoitr arm. ami for the nttc of poor Bowuu ami Oib- 
F F 2 




|,noin » Coitf, iji Uie NeUou Papers.] 



Tliewas. at Sen. Angnst 3td [to in 

My dearest Fanny, 
I am 90 confident of your aflecuon, that I feel the pleasure 
you will receive will be equal, whether my letter is wrote by 
ray right hand or left. It was the chance of war, and I have 
great reason to be thankful ; and I know that it will add much 
to your pleasure in finding that Josiah, under God's Provi- 
dence, was principally instrumental in saving my life. As to my 
health, it never was belter; and now 1 hope soon to return to 
you ; and my Country, I trust, will not allow me any longer 
to linger in want of that pecuniary assistance which I have 
been fighting the whole war to preserve to her. But I shall 
not be surprised to be neglected and forgot, as probably I 
shall no longer be considered as useful. However, I shall 
feel rich if I continue to enjoy your affection. The cottage is 
now more necessary than ever. You will sec by the papers, 
Lieutenant Weatherhead is gone. Poor fellow ! he lived four 
days after he was shot. I shall not close this letter till I join 
the Fleet, which seems distant ; for it's been calm these three 
days' past. I am fortunate in having a good surgeon on 
board; in short, I am mdch more recovered than [Ij could 
have expected. I beg neither you or my father will think 
much of this mishap : my mind has long been made up to 
such an event. God bless you, and Ijclicvc me 

Your most afifectionatc husband, 

Horatio NELeoK. 

son, will) th« otlier bnve nun wbu fell so gnllanily. I bop« you ui4 Cupuiu Frr 
mimtlf are doing well ; llie Scnhorsp hhidl woA. yim U> KTigUitd ihe luoituiiil her 
uritnta *re Mi|i]i)te<l. Your Sou-in-lnw i.<i CapUin of Uie Dol]itiiti no'syil«)>«lii|i, 
mid nil oilier wisbes yon amy fnvniir iiie witb kIidII lio fiilftlJcd, ft* fur u U rouMfttrtil 
with wli)it I ovre to yolni' \iUiinble OffSi-ers in tlie Ville ile I'ariH. Wv vifwct (o ltf>ar 
of the Prelimiiiaricn of Peaco bcinn agr««<l <iii every Lour. I Uitvv b«:LiiMl IfXt/, iliitl 
tb<?y yt¥>r« itetUeil ou or lirfore tbt) l'2lli, nnit that the DKiiuitive Ttvnty u algiiad bribre 
dial (Iny month. Give lov love lo Mra. FreiiuiTitle. 1 will huluut U«r atxi Uiw 14 
yonr »iimi|i iu-n>nrrow taomitig, if you will g\\>i n>« li'Mve. Yoiiit> uwioi irutv aiul 
aCcctiouiiioiy, 8t. VixcmsT." Autoyraph ia Uie Kelson Pa^nt 

^T, 38.] 



Aiigiifit Idlli. 

Just joined the Fleet perfectly well, and shall be with you, 
Jtpe, as soon as this letter. Good Earl St. Vincent has 
Ic Josiah a Master and Commander. I shall come to 
laxh the moment permission comes from the Admiralty for 
iC to strike my Flag. Sir Peter feels himself authorized to 
Jve me leave of absence, when the first you hear of me will 
at the door. God bless you and my father, and ever 
;lieve me, 

Your most affectionate, 

HoaATio Nelsoh.* 

i * About tliu tine he receired die following LeiUir from UU Bojnl Highness Uio 
kr nf Cl«retice ;— 

'DcuNclaoD, dlh Jnly, 1797. 

'1 WH very Lappy to Qnd you had czecatcd with ito mnch succeu utd prompLi- 

I Loii bt. Viuceot's order for the evaouatiou of Porlo Krrrigo. I feci for poor 

ICn tfvcry ncconnl, and sincerely wIhU Le y(M (uife ai home ; and bt'lieve iiif, I 

mauh concerned bX the state of yuur own health. Alter such long oiul dis- 

Bgili.''hi.'<l service, you will of oourM- get leave to retitni. In unswcr to your liwl 

tier, 1 can only lay, thftt I hope and believe nnr coafldenen i« mutual ; thercforo 

future no more nirolojjy on either side is \Miiited. Under this idea, I nittst l>e);in 

' defending BTi Officer agnioHt ■wlmm you hnvr hepnmn prejudieed Wimt nf dis- 

lldijie iu some of our home Srjuftdroim, luid the energ) of iufajnouii iiiernHuirie», had 

nuuiy months ilirown the whole Fleet into a siutc of democracy iiud lUixolciic re- 

Bltion. I rejoice that the Tl^'xeus Iibh ftilleti into sricli gomi hands, and 1 »hal] 

(irtly hew that «he is in the best order of the Me<liierr»inean fleet, One woni more 

i)ui what haa passed at ^pithead, Plymouth, aikd the Nore, and 1 will n«ver nien- 

Bii the diagnuMifiil ImsiiMiNM oguin ; but 1 cannot pu^R over nutioticed your rcrourk 

out Mhort weighii) and nienitures. Krery Cifficer mnnt know that by the old ullow- 

Dce, the mi"ii on board tbi' Kinp"^ fchi]>s biid more provi?iiou.i than thpy could con- 

kmc nud Ihiil llicy always* M>ld ii part; llitrcfore on increaiie of provisions nit» not 

I will not iinrt yonr mind by relating the horrid portienlurs of the late 

BBtft. but Rhall conelMde the Kubjeotby observing, that iii your next you will iiit^niy 

you hare too huwiily expre»!*ed. I dread nothiuf;, a.s the pivernmenl here B|ipi<ar 

pHT^uv pro]icr rarnsures, and I am convinced 8l Vincent will ket-p up Iiih Fle^-t tu 

elpline. I^uify at (in*l i* severity ul the last. My liest wImIip* and eorophmeuts 

tui your ((allaiit Comninuder: my only acqnainlanoe with him ia ha an Offlecr. 

5m tvT} tfreat attention and nbililiei were shown to me during the Spoiiiah ann*- 

M, niuee which lime I linve, and always sboll, re«p«ot him. 

' Yon will, I am ittte, always dittinguish yourself: and I am afhud, from the ex- 

rbiiant demands of the Directory, that for some time yoiu fleet will be couftoutly 

uployed. I lun happy to Cud yon are at Iftst come over to my way of thinking. An 

iroatanuex ari^e, imiy write ; and ever believe me, dear Sir, yours sincerely — 

^LLiAM. Cl-irkr and Af' Arthur, vul. ii. p. 20. This Letter in not now in the 

teUon Papeiv. 

438 LETTEBR [17&7. 


[From the " NktbI Clironiclp," vol. xzi. p. UO^J 

Dear Sir, AngjiM loib. itot. 

I must acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 25lb 
July; and, after declaring that I know nothiog of tbe Priace 
George till she was hailed from the forecastle of the San 
Nicola^ it is impossible I can enter into the subject of yotir 
letter, &c. I am, &c., 



[From ClAikc uid M'Anhur, vol. ii. p, 13. On tbe 20lb of Augnsi, NeWon ob- 
tiiiiieil bis CliirrH pennmsiou lo reiuru Cu England, nnd whs AiierteA on that day to 
strike his Flog in llie ThcHeiis, tiaii hoist it on hoard tlic Sea-horse, taking Cai>t«ia 
FrnnJintle uuiI«'T hi^ command (whose yound oliso rendered it uecr^Ksry tfaat Iw 
sbuiilil go ou shoi'Pi, ftnd lo jiroceed lo Spithend — Original Orders iu the Ndboo 

'Cflween the 20lh and iWtli AiJgW!"!, 1707.] 

I cannot let Dido pass, without beginning to express my 
thanks for your unvaried goodness to me, which I hope I 
shall never forget. As to myself, I am exactly as I left you. 
Frcmantlc I think very bad, and a month hence he may lose 
his arm.' Wc have a fine fair wind. 

I am, &c. 

lIoRATio Nei^sow. 

[From " Tbe Atbeuteum."] 

Seahorse, ulT ScUiy, Aopisl ."mOi, 170?. 

My dear Sir, 

As I can write but slowly, I am forced lo begin my letter 
a great way from Portsmouth, where, please God, I am bound. 
I have ever been a trouble to you, and am likely so to con- 
tinue, as I have now to re(|uest you will have the goodness to 

• Vide p. 830. 040. «»/«■, mid the Appi;snTX. 

' Tliougli Cii|iliiiit Frrnniiitlo did not lose bi« iiriB, be suffrrcd so iCTTi»l< *i I** 
bit nuulik' to "jcrvo for more lUnn ii veur. 




sk ihe CoUector t>l' the Customs at Porlsmoutli to take care 
my tttnc, and such ihlngs as I iimy place uudcr his care, 
till I cuu (iud a hut (o put uiy luuliluted ciU'casc iu. 

it is my intention to set of directly for Bath, if the Athuirai^ 
ID give me leave of absence, but to be in London in one 
reek. Pray, remember me kindly to Mrs. SuckUug, and all 
\y good friends near you, and believe uic, 

Your most affectionate Nephew, 

HooATio Nelson. 


[Origiaiil, iu (be Admindt).} 

Seahorse, Spithewl, istl Seiilember, HOT. 
I have the honour to acquaint you of my arrival here, 
agreeable to oixlcrs, of which the enclosed is a copy. And I 
UTC to request their Lordships' permission to go on shore* for 
ic recovery of my wounds.* 

I have the honour to be, &c., 

UoRATio Nelson. 

iilil tncuA Aiul eiirly [latron, Sir Peter Parker, Comnrnwleriii-CLicr at 


• Hnvini; rrcfivcd itpniiissioii to sirikp lii". Flng on tlip ;lril of Srivteitil>rr, Sir Ho- 
in NrlMin tmuieiliiitely prucetiliHl lo Uitili, wlierv lie jutueil his Wife uui! Fallicr. 

* TliK Order for him to »lnke hh Flng i» iu the NelHuii I>iip«nt, atid Uie fi>nii uf 
ch doctUHrnls Juhj be ucw to iinprofiMstoiiitt rcnJera ;_ 

" Wp, Uie Coinniissioiicnt for cxrouliiiR tlic Office of Lord Higb Adtnintl of 
Great Britain And Ircldud, i^c. 
Wliemtt vcr lliiiik lit tlini yon !<liivll Mrikc your l-'ln^, uud cojnv on sliorr, Vikj 
hrroby required luid dirGctcd In xlrike your Vlitg, oud come ou tliure luroordiugly. 
JHeo uuUer our litiud^, the 2nd l^rpteuiber, 1TU7. 

"11. SfitMoim. 
"J. (jAMnitn. 
"To Sir Uor*t»o NcIhou, K.B.. \d mi rnl " W. Yolno. 

nf liir Bill)!, Ill] Itoard liis Mi\je«ty\ skip 
Seakoi^c, at Spiiliriul. 

" By CouuDOud of tlieir LvnUhipw, 

" EVA> NEI-EiJr." 




[OriginiJ, in llio posseweion of Mrs. Palmer.! 

Bmli, 8rpl«iDb«r AUi, KPT. 

Dear Sir, 
I left Lord St Vincent perfectly well, fifteen days ago, and 
he begged me to assure you, tiiat the moment your son ' baa 
flerved bis Time, he will instantly promote hira. 
Believe me. Dear Sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 

I Autograph, in the Nelnon Papen.] 

BbUi, Hpptemltor 0th, l\in. 

My dear Brother, 
Yesterday brought me your truly aflPectionate letter. A» lo 
[myj personal health, it never was better, and my arm is in 
tlie fairest way of soon healing. Next week, I intend to be 
in Town, and it is not impossible, but I may visit Norfolk for 
a few days, especially if a decent house is likely to Iw met 
with near Norwich; but Wroxham very far indeed exceeds 
my purse. Bath will be my home till next spring. I think 
our good Father is not in the smallest degree altered. Lady 
Nelson' joins me in kind love l« Mrs. NcLson, our Aunt, and 

• Thfl l«le Cupfiiin Kdmuiid Poliucr. L .B., who wbcii i-oiiiuhuhLj 
of 3H trims, i;*iiiuriMl. ou lUe •,*7th of Slwclt. IHH, 1,'EtoUr. Vxr .. 
Aelioii tti remarlERltlc for ils ((iiUiiutrr, iw fur bpiii^ Uic iMt in which ilio i ri i^ uluut 
Flog WUH struck tn Unit nf Kngkiid. (.'nplain Piihii<<r was rpwnnlxil wiih the Nftvil 
Mt-tlHl, and oAorwHixlii wii)i ihe CroHs iif Cnntpimiaii of iln- Hith. lie prewnlfd 
lltp Ennign of L ttoiJe lo EnrI 81. Vinoeiu, wIioha gruid-iuoci'. ll«iuietw Mw} 
Ellizabelli, daiighler nud L<o-heire»«s of Captaiu Jmix, he to>tm«il in IHIT, iui4 who 
has obliginglv i'<n»lriJniUHl ihr ivIkivp Knd some other LelliTs. CHptiitti Pnlmer died in 
Srpteinhcr, lH.14. 

' The folUiwiug account of llic wounded AdmimJ. in n Inciter from IMy HtUtiu U> 
his uncle, Mr. Snckiing, ^ril1 In* roul wilh macli intorrst!— 

" My dew Sir, " Uftth, Wcdntsdnr. 8rp<nnl)«r Olh, 1707. 

•• I Iwg you will ftccepi the iiuittd lh«nl> of my Amr hiisliaiul and ni\-«olf for fvur 
kiud inqiiirieR mid truly ft-ipiidly invilolioa lo yniif hoiiB«, vhich iv* «uu]d h«v» «r 
orpt«d had it not bern for the uccessicy of my hn^baad'* ■rni bring drrswd mri 

MT, 38,] 



;nds at SwaiThaoi, and believe me, jour most affectionate 

Horatio Nelson. 
I left Captain Nisbet perfectly well. He saved my lilb 
>y his recollection in stopping the bleeding. 

[From Clukc and M'Anhur, toI. ii. p. 40.] 
K, September 7tb, 1707. 

"trust your Royal Highness will attribute my not having 
itit a letter since my arrival to its true cause — viz., the not 
being now a ready writer. I feel confident of your sorrow for 
mj accident ; but I assure your Royal Highness, that not a 
scrap of tliat ardour with which I have hitherto served our King 
has been shot away. I am, &c., 

Horatio Nelson. 

■y by a surgeon. We piiq)osc beiiiR in Loudon the middle <j( iif xt week. I liavo 
itten to Mr. M. Nelson to lukn ii:i ii lodging, aud on soon im my litirttiAJid ciui do 
lUioiil A Hurgenu, we kIiiiH MfM-tid Bomc time with yi.iu. Karl Spcucer lias writico a 
nuic letter, and ia to be in town next wrek. Jkfj liaEbuud'H i<iiirits ore very 
Itliougb Lr •iiiffV<r>< ti gund dvnl ^>f piiin — tlir mm in Idkcii off ^it>' liigbi nror 
Oltiiini pruciirtiii liiiu not, uid lust night lie was prptly nuit-i. Tbc 
lorporotion Lnvi; biuidsomely coiigmtulatcd kitn uii liis <fAtv arrivnl. Hucb a letter 
Willi I.ortl HikmI 1 — ii dues hini honour, and I have forgut tlm ill treatment of formrr 
^can Mliich my good man n-crivtHl from bim. Kvcmliing wliirli concernH my 
lisfauid I know you feel interrsted in, therefon* shall uui lunkc uy exi'iiKr'N fur 

I li»T(j lold yon." — Fmm " 7'h-r AlhvnteHm." 
' The Duke of Cbireucis wrote to NeKon on the same day ; 


" Dew Sir. Dov.-r. Soptember 7tb, 1 707. 

f^*! omtgratulnM yonwhball my bean n|Hiii your nnfe iu-iival at lu«it, covrrrd with 
Doonr nwil glory. A» an old fi-it'nd, ] oanuot Imt Innirtit ilic v«<ry wvcre loss you 
Me 8n»itiiucd in lof«ing yonr right nmi. I bo|H< your hfiUtli i« giHid, iiiul ihiU }uu 
tne, lu 1 aiu infunued, moif tot the purpusc of joinin|it Lwly NrlMon, than fur 
^ci«tah1ii<litnrtit of a rou«liluti<jn in whioh 1 nui doubly intcn^lcd, butb tut a 
Inul, niid n» niic whn in anxionx lu Me llin eonnti'y hitrv renlurrd tu her ii bra>r and 
Kccllcnt i.>lfio«r. Kxoukc my anxiety, a» It proreedh frnui (^irndnLip uud odnurntiou 
' y«nr public cliBriirtpr, nud I must rpqneHt yon «nll allow Lady Nelson to write to 
how ynii arv, and when you will l>c aide (o br iu London, Uial I may be one of 
lio ftrvt to tliake you by ibo haiiil. My bei.! witdiea lUid compliiueut« alteud you 
nd Ijftdy Nelson, aud ever believe nu', Dear Sir, yours fdncerely, William." — 
Autfi^ntph in the Nelaou Papcrsi. 



10 — MAN LEY. Lsy. 
[Autograph, in tbn poB6c»<ston of Mi«i> Millrr.j 

Batli, ScpleznWr 8Jli I -'•' 

My dear Manlcy, 
Ralph WiUett MUlcr I left most perfectly well ; he is uul 
only a most excellent aud gallant Officer, but the only truly 
virtuouB man that 1 ever saw. Ue longs to get home to lua 
wife and family. Lord St. Vincent has been so good as lo 
promote Josiah to be Master and Commander, and ^ill, ii'bo 
deserves it, in proper time do more for him. His Lordship 
has been always so partial to me, that I should be an iogratc 
was I not on every occasion to suppoit his honour and glory at 
all personal risk. I regret not the loss of my arm in the cause 
it fell from mc. 

God bless you, and believe me 

Your most affectionate, 

Horatio Nblsok. 
Lady Nelson desires her kiud love. 


rAiiUigTn|i1i, iu ibv |>08!«i-:>}<ion uf Captftiit Sir Williiun ITomIc. B»ri. Tlii^ t^iK-r 
19 ffitliniil A date, biu ai it bcitrs Ul(^ I'oA inurk, " Bntb, " ii mu«t bftvr bci-n «rtUra 
in bepH'iubcr, l'!i7.] 

[Dalb, Rcrlember. ITOT.J 
My dear Sir, 

I did write a line to Mr. Coke to tell him how I had dis- 
posed of his recommendations both of whom have done him bo 
much honour ; but one gallant fellow is gone.' Your dear 
good son is as gallant; and I hope he will long live to honour 
Norfolk and England. I grieved to have left him ; but it was 
necessary, and Lord St. Vincent will continue to be his kind 
protector and friend. His worth both as a man, and as an 
Officer, exceeds all which the most sincere friend can say of hioL 
1 pray God to bless my dear William. Happy father in such A 
son I As to myself, I suppose I was getting well too fast, for 
I am beset with a Physician, Surgeon, and Apothecary, and, 

• LJeuleuaut WciuUcrheoJ, wbo wim tilkd Kl TcnerUK?. 

say the truth, am suffering much paiu with some fever ; 
It lime, I hope, will restore me to tolernble health. Captain 
ualph Willct Miller is Captain of the Thcsciis — one who loves 
Willirtni, and ib the only truly virtuous man that I ever saw. 
I beg ray best respects to Mrs. Hostc, and believe me, 
Dear Sir, 

Your rtiost obedient servant, 

Horatio Nelson. 
ly Nelson desires her compliments. 


Intognipb. in the ^sseavjuu of bia buu, Vice-Admu-iU Sir OrtOiain Edeu Unmond, 
Bwt., K.C.D.] 

Datli, September eih, 1191. 
My dear Sir Andrew, 

I have ever been fully sensible that you have spoken of my 

[Kivices in the most flattering manner, and for this last mark 

your kindness, 1 cannot sufficiently thank you. Success 

jvers a multitude of blunders, and the want of it hides the 

reatest gallantry and good conduct. You will see by my 

* Journal the first attack on the 21st, under Troubrld^c, 

jrorapletcly failed ; and it was the 25th' before it could be 

jain attacked, which gave four days for collecting a force 

lo oppose us. Had I been with the first party, I have 

reason to believe complete success would have crowned our 

idcavours. My pride suffered; and although I felt the 

?cond attack a forlorn hope, yet the honour of our Country 

called for the attack, and that I should command it, 1 never 

ixpcctcd to return, and am thankful, I shall not go to Town 

ill the 20th, or my arm is well : I suffer a good deal of pain, 

Jwing to a cold falling on it.' Lady Nelson and myself most 

* On tbc lil^■.lI vi liir iiiii mill iiiDriniig of ibe 2*>tli. 

* The foltowiiig piinoits furt!i, rriipcrtuig tUr loss of luR Ann, lutvc been obligiugly 
icnlril liv Sir (lonrgi; Mngriitli, K.II., Sreilicial luHiH-ctnr of Ilnopiliili- iviiil 
vlio wiiALArtl NeWn'^ Sdryt-uii in ilie Victory, in iLe »i-ms MH):i kikI l*iOJ, 

of wli'iKf" profc-isioiirtl iihililie*, it will be tcrti by a subsrqurni Lrttct, bi' Loul 
•bii< Utui tbe liiij-lK-xt o|>iiii<Mi. AArr »t«(iu^' lliot iu l^Oi Ltn'il Nrlvou iran vuJetadt 





sincerely hope your tour will pe