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Full text of "Di Tsukunft. The Zukunft"

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^ift'w^jah.^ 






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Brandeis University 
Library 




bggS 



The Gift of 

Workmen • s Circle 
Brockton 

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.iyo3»BD Diysnyn 



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No. J (25) 



JANUARY 1904. 



Volume 3 




.ij?b^8 "iyn p« B^yii y«j an 



cyi ,tsnv tyoDixiiyaDyjyn px ly-uyopKii 
-yjaxa B'j oxn ?isosP nytyn jdiot^x^xd 
esn ^xiya^x -ryny px Brinya t^: ,jyTip 
Jiriya** ,tnrpsy:i tt *ibdbp ny^tfip nyi 
Dxn ,\y:w \yn jyp £mya»K ,ttfrrayj r: 
DJj5ii Dysy aauyiiya y^BD^K^tp «n 
.Ba"Yiy dxii Dysy ^xnDyaa^x 
yasoyp «n jyrn nyax 5xnyaix w: 
jy^xany xn ^xnya^x t:^ w$i tyiiya 

•DM1J V 1 ^ 

.i 

cxn yaanyp ytDDiyiiB' px yttDyia rh 
-c^vxd y-iyaxm^xnyi kh fjDWMJWvn 
nmx tyay: 5«ti nastfon px aawnya vwo 
"tynDa^pyi^ px *iy&DDKpn:i nyn onyov 
nyn *pw nyax dxh km ra^rrna pa ws 
ytaDyia kh -jyniiya nBinaytfyn lytaoyij 
ny ytJ"5xnxE> ynayia kh ,tt3xiay:i nua"iP 
fyjjuaxn yuoya xn px ea^ny |y:tfxa 
-w "iytMyn$j nyiyoya x *pix iyDanD^x px 

.jyax^ya dbji? 
-"?a px anjyn nagfon tx ,&pga nyi 
•Tk ix ,y5j"BKSDyn yrn x b»b^xb anaya 
pw in t^oxaxpy ixi ta^n ,natf» yr^x- 
Tik ttxn .DiDt^BB^BBP Bis t^ypniBjy 




Dy .pyiix px inx- 1 x ix 
pa -inx> x jyiiya px 
p<P ".di^„ ty^y^BX 
-y»BnxB tyt^iw rnonfo 
-x^xa px "lyp^ya yjyn 
•tyoipynxa ta>a |yj>u iyj 
*ttfyyi„ xh ,tnnyp-iK3 
tyonni p^x px fyttfxnya jyaxn "wiyn 
,T? lytsnp p^x px ,yny-nx sh ya^x jyaxa 
,yon jypnTDnx p^x px ,nn fytfsn 
yjyny^iya xn .jySrrBya "ya^ny-ina,, 
Win T^oy^t? jyaxn matfo px ivi:y? 
jyj^n »t B>ttxn ,rnon5o \n% nn^ x aaxu 
"•ib yttfyBtpyaonx b>e> anayBP tyaxB^y.i 
nyax .d^b xn pa b^p pb myaNnya .jyea 
nyi D^n nai^o nyny p« ,-ijn^ jyny> p« 
•onnya ta-'j siBosPta^yn lyoms 
jin jytaD^sta^BSp fy^mv fiBosp iyi 
px ynyTDN^SDpy ly^rn^ nwi»sn« 
pa tD^yn yttfs kh jy^iix ;yoi»08^5BDpif 
-jyo ^nn ly^jyo jia ajipniiy^ix p« am 
D»na»5j ,t3"n"ia pa D^yii y^j sh p« jy^ 
iyi ,tn$ri p*»K d^o ; o^pa^ijnna ps* 
-ihbpsk px nyijy^iB nyi tyt^mv «ibqkp 
nn^x jix 33im^ nycDD'^NB'BKp nynaya 



.-iyt^K ijn r« Btyn y»i K*n 



(3) 



mi* yrn dkh /lynu'sia pk Dy^xROR^Pira 
•kid jyayay ,DmiK tyr8^ ;ya8 , s8p:8a'8 
pa lynx kh *hk pmayfa'a ,pmDaya 

".-iyna„ 
Dayn nnyns lyspmx o»an« nyn pR 
•awio nyn pa aait^Hya yBDa^am kh 
tra 4jraya«j«n5!|pui!TiroD»5RT5Hp pa d*v 
"feifvun pa iy>nyo>^ p« nijnyo pR iya8 
swiysa,, kh D8ii ,DyaD82 kh p8 jynyn 
rtvvvv) V* tDtfn "yxRpaRa-is (WTyanp) 
,.n .i ,iyanRii oyansa .yaRaa'iR jr iks 
-is yrn D»n ,28B£>D8a lyoma p« 18^ 
•py tpr pa nn^ 1 "lis rh "irb tg'SRPaRa 
■?yv:"S„ .•onwiaw tra i8a8T rayaDn 
nyi pa ny^BBnsa *tir tytDSDjytDs ,*ianR? 
•lynya trtfp a^DyDD^D^ymya PR janyayi 
08t:jytD8 p*R "W to^n nn$» lytosy^ ayi ina 
nyaia nyo^aiR pa aaiDaHJH «n vfonya 
8H .tyayayaa^R v* ,PDmiptf'tt$a ^8to8: 
is fy^Raya-^ysa^R ya^>yr8 tpn aaiaynya 
,pr aanyayi «h (typy"ie>a"R) jy-inHipyB 
.|y?Rayaa-in rjyaKT ,jyo !*? 
.BTPiRnytD ^si t'R aany^ayi rh nya8 
8n pynaRt ;pyn^ t^o 5ia ma t^a t^r r*t 
pr trppisnyta p8 ;fyis5nya a8P nyn tD^ 
nyi Tin 8m ,tra ^rt ny-ia8 p»p "pn r*t 
nyo^anR nyiyaR^tfRiiyi "iyi pa jyopRii 

-'8 RH ttiiya *|BD8P p8 D'lRIRB .aaiayiiya 

aanrpa lyn nynai8 yDRianyta^anR ytr^ 
~8anif nyiyarsiSRViyi nytaDpiRot? nyn pa 
".i3\3„ ayi pa ,J8^S8Pa 
-yD ,,, 2"i8 ynayopsm rh irb pyit? d>ir 
cyn ,, 85>8P , a pa aany^ayn kh v$n aaiaynya 
Irtd ayi pa tMRtya lyman ,|yB"v.¥ 
.fySD'o y^8 emaiia "imp fytasy? jmny,a 
nya iv Di8 ,tyo"t y^8 p8 tya-iRiiya V 
iRiw fytDDiytra "irpR tyaa*: 
"n*5mipjn p^ana paytaBny D8n «n 
nycaiR px iyD8o rh fyaiRiiRa p« ]v\ 
"8E rh fyiiya pk d^i .ijnn»u jny«t |yanp 
nn xn'tasn jyaj8ay^8 -ii8t3saiT pa pur5 
08H fix yiiPDRn P8 nynna in^ 8 ta^o " : i8: 
•ipya t^8 "iya8 ^'^8 , Dyn .a^sany t8 CD«nya 

"DIUKDBait 8H 08i1 PD^O pa .511D liTK \V'^ 

-'8 yiyn:8 p8 .ijnnyppniv tt totioya ya?s 
•ya n^ js 338aa« pa 8n U8n myoc y^^- 
t3Kn aiiaonytaya pK nyaa^nas vp \ppns 



"»n"« - anyo pa jymayanya^K ^ye a>DD^; 
p8 T8 ,iviyi ca8iaya t38n t2P8a iyi ,8s 
nsDy^sns nyanyn8» 8 on^DDnpy TasSon 
■ya nyB'nsoy^snany^DD^R'XBD 8 p8 dk> 
,ivnyn in« to-in^aya iya8 B8n Dsn jatajm 
D8n8Dy^8">a D8"t bsh las^on p8 .8 
■U'W ta^yii ynyne> ytD^yasi 8 ijnn*DistDnu 

.ya8; 
yDKony»"aiK y^^Dii «h pii8t nu d^: 
n.^iiyn y$>K^8D yoma kh lyaaoypann 
yiynas p« nycans kh Km *itk ,t8 , v 
"8a pn 8 fyanomK t»ix lynyiaijT rijrwy? 
m pa aai8 , naya kh .jK^i^Kiiyn jr^ 
■8V lya^pynts' nyi iyt:ai8 pa p^a \ywQ 

H8 yB^isDHK'XKD ynyaK^'^Kiiyi kh 
Tik PK iyoiayaan.8 D8n aawynya iyo"a 
,«?iBD8p jytj'^HKa oyn fyonyaanK anoya 

tD"p{fH5yn e^D ,nt5io d^o nn^K Dirpa p« 
dpi^k no Kn -tya^Kaiy yonyna kh B'c pk 
na^o ny^^DH iyi p8 5«n ,pH8 jyin^a 
5«nts 8 p8 oKHKtDy^sia Dyi "lyD^K iya>\ 
,D8^p iynj8 ph 8^^ rayay^ytaa^K iyi pa 
h tyayp ^8^ dsii ,P^8a pa ?«na nyia8 p»p 
ayn ct38n nyn8 ryin^aain yaKaa^K 
•iyvta^ a^oayip tiaosp 
Hia p8 d'vhs kh ty^mv tik ,noK 
•jjnyHesaiK yo^na k ^n BpiyoKa ynKiB'r 
m iya^a ipik 1 ?ya5»n»ijPUK »"t jd".i 
pk "y , ayi^T8a8iiD8» aaio^s ny>t d»hk 
■«t .D^nayiyHaixaw nym nya8 -las^DnK 
aany^ayn y^tan^ kh \viv^ J8 i vn838 ~v 
ta^o lyttyiBivomR .yaniyoiyn 8 nnyo t^k 
»t jya^t mn — ryaayna is "iyaa8 -ly^KHD 

.a^nya d>j 
tapyntr d^shb kh ikb Km nnyn ^y^a 
•yi pk I8 , sn838 kh 183 aany^ayi kh t* 
.yyni8 iyi p8 aaiayio^ y~iya8 , si^8Vi 
kh 183 8iio inyo »t Dsn 8"i I^sk "iya8 
•iyn , v , a8 kh 1K3 Km .lyoKi^Ka 
f'a^K tik Kn npip ynnaiK Dmia o<o 
.jy-inn ^n Tmnyony D^nya dkh .'ny»\a» 
o , Haya8^iyi lO^paoaynDiyDJiM pn ymta 
•=15^h Hyn3,, lyn doip ,D"nayomaiK pK 

"8ca kh pa ID^aiK KH .5aB> D1S TmH8^D , Z 

-QHyna,, pa pk lynyaK'S^KiiyTjytDD^K^s 

pa Dy s 38P laymo yy*-i:ny* kh /"tai: 



221114 



(4) 



•os:ipix SH 



"xtaiycyta,, iyi px ,jyiayaya ytj»Tx xn px 
kh Iinjn dxi iyi ^xiya^x taayin taixi — 
-sx enijn- tt taxi nx' dxi .^JST'b fjnira 
D'o px p^ntao-Sxiyaya nyi tro jyox^ya 
•PXtao^x^ px pnsa jyD'na oyi 
Bi'ana ^Tiyjyn xn taxi jyoynytaaix 
h ,tDDya^KD d'ixv ayi .jyayaasa *pi« 
»a lyt^aix xn lyanyt^taay jyayn jyvyryj 
■«ann xn jya'tfiy tyayn px y^yaDp^aaix 
PK lytatnxa yiyn tya^piyoMK iyo 
iyrn dxi ;iyDxP"Daai^tatnytaaix iyian.i 
-ynawaix xn jy5nDBnitt"K oyaxia jyviya 
ty» typ iy3x .jyaaiayaasa tro jyDxo yay 
xn i^ax Sjya^a ynaaa iyia^ xtx \v* 
jtaaxnya lyaxyi isa x 11a jyaxi ly^siya^ 
taxi aaiayiiya lyta^aix yiyax^^xnyi x*i 
ayi pa jyii^aiya taTx^ya ta^a in taia^o p-'p 
•lyoey^ pa ypDxo iyi lytaaix n^yii D'n«s 
txa taxi ,b»j taa^>yi dxi tx jnjypnya 
-iaya i.n lyaixc jik lyaixt? r^x yuny^a 
■^yayj ^yaaip^iya ,iyaaia5»xaiya vt jyo 
-ixiaxt^T px jyax^aty pa aannyiaiya ,yo'j 
ytj»ta^xa tat^nayaax iy taxi inn .jyo 
x atjnjgjga p« /iisbxikd p« cjyoyvxia 
-yi ryixnya jya^T tyoyvxia sh iyax .ti .t 
xh ,aaiiy^ayi ton WW* tyax'SxitaDaxa 
nyi taanyiaya -taiyiya tysxi "iyayi3ixa... 

-jmya yiyas^tfxiiyi sh px ms tax 
jyopsiiya px jyaaxayaax lax^Dn px aa^a 
.aanyw iyi ta s E tiaaxp ayi px 
kh pa tyrpn xn px ,i^iya^x iysx 
ta^pa^tayita kh px ytaayip yiyas^tf^iiyi 
.oma a^xaiy iyi ,pikdp fynya 
iyma jyiiya pit? px dsii ,"iaia„ iyi 
-ayny oyi taxn ftx^xpaxaix ytaoyia sn 
iy ,^n ixa iru$' ayn "^ik lyo^snya rsva 
■yao^iK ,tDnyoyianya o^pj^yno pn d^m 
p« ^y^nyiDK' px cnya^ yn^n n pk ta^nn 
rw»5DiTin p« "^ik ps ly^ia pn ,yta^ 
-yaas lax^on px ny Dxn iiyat^p ^i ^«?a 
na^DK iyix inxa^yoxnv iyus pn jyts^xn 
nyn .yo^ys ya^am tsnn'ayaain Dsn ps 
nx 30,000 DaytsDa^yii dv^x »5ny» "naia., 
n:yt ,| it3 ytanynain px nyo^aix yuTi^w 

.Diyr^Dxao^D 
y^xipxoyn^x ,, vxD yt^on xh tix 



dxh Dynx px .toxnya t^a a^xaiy p^p xn 
•ly^'n px.yasaanx yepjnn in»k ryaya x^- 
&xn xn .jynnaiK y^'D^xa tyanya-^mx 
-yt^a x \yn)m nx Dy nyn^x tj^ nvx^ay; 
jyo jya^yn ,p^x r^xtoxaiT nnx s»d nyn 
B'J »t |yj»T tov^x t^3 Dxn n^yo ixa tasr 
■nn px Dpwika ,t5iny^pyaanx tjftfjg'a px 

px ix^xT^xixoyi yuDyia xn nyax 
jyiiya n^y ^^yno [yaxn dxii nyaynaixa 
lyox^axa lyanomx px jyaxu^ya fya^r 
.?ypxn px nyj^^p px fy-px jyayi 
"5yii"o x jynya t^x jx^a D'yiiny^a ixa 
■nay i* oa"Dya oxn ny nywwwv x ,ny^ 
■kd y^H^x xh px "im„ nyi iwnuw 
_, x d«?p |^x pa nxat^ x fytfy'rmanx ;iyo 
■nw dbh typymy iv ;pjnj« nyi fyaya fyi 
toxnxtay^na jyt^H^x D^a px jy^H'-x jy^ 
■STiyi nyi pa iyin^a xn lyaamv iv px 
-n^axanx w ta^a nnyio aaiaynys nynyax^i" 
"x^xa xn ?"ii rjyax'xxniDDaxDyi jyi 
.jyoxiaxa y«j o^a tay^xitaaya taxi 
px ya^a xn tx ,pi?3 ny axn taa^my 
ni3 nyt^Tx iyi pa aaita^xn ya^aya taax 
na opyiny tsxn n^asi xn pa px ynxitn 
ycn^x xn ^3 dxh px ^ypy ma ,aait3Dxiyo 
■a^x oayi taoiy «t px p,x fyoxo iyo»ai« 
taa^-ny .pntamxnys fyDx^p nyi avax^ay; 
aytanNT^D xn ay^iv tx ,r»i5a iy dx~ 
pa jyaxivxitaDaxoyi xn jya"t jyTx n , ^ 
-ya jyta^xnyaax ta^a ^xiya^x Dyoa ^kd jy^i 
■ix iy«>»Dn nyi iyas dxh B*o*n jtyixii 
ya^n tyrniya Dxnxtay^>na nyann^N; 
iyi tx ny axn Da^my .iyn\s w fyiaxan^D 
■taD3^yT xi |jnn»jwuji tvoiava taxn "lais,, 
■xn ryixnya t^x px jyi\s pa jjwp'tmya 
D3»*ny .lytaay^ya oyiy^asa ^xa '-\r, 
^n |yaxn mix ta»s ysnip x px tx ,ny taxi 
•yi ya^aya^x ,dp"1»d jyoxo jyaniyaax 
px ipxs px — .Txpuxp px jyax^xitaaaxa 
lyta^xnya p^itao ^xiyaya iyi dxh D^a^ta 
xn lynya \y)"i lyoyia ixa ,ayta ya^tay 
,WP nix^Dxanytaxpy ,oyix px lyaa^ynya 
"»ai« yoin^axaix ta^a yiaynita inx ixv 
_ 3xa .jytaxitayaDnix B>itD , 'v'^a fya^T iya 
•yi x jyiaivyaax txpiixp px i,n taxi iyi 
.ly^aymx xn «a iypx?a iyiyax^tfs*i 



•nyt^s nyi p« atyn y^ xh 



(5) 



,01x11 jin Ban*? tth aanny^panx 
d$i— lyaai^xnyaaiyaxo *pik lyas'xtfsTyi 
"»h iyi pa jyaxn yoaya »iw xh jy^n 
aaxaax PN V^a .y , taxipx»yi5x ,, sxa ly^ta 
"xii yi"a tanoya xn osn inx 1 iytasy^ pa 
.jyamaya pixtas? inyr jya 
ypixtat? x jyannyaax txi v* &¥n ay 
.T.ytaKlP8DytfK' , ssD 8H iyjy: fs'sxt^ax 
yrn pa "lis tyta^xnya oxn a^yn^ni nyr^p 
-ynn« kh jyjyj ayiyi yoaayia ytaaa^stan 
lywaix kh jyanyaanx osn iy .'"lyiyBS' 
iyi pa jy^Htaisax in p?xa axi px 
-»aix xh ,"p^d„ axi ".yiaxa iyiay^y„ 
jyoiaya taayi tatny iyax jyaxn lyaxo-iys 
-5WSXD "yiay^y,, kh wo jyosns Kpn pM 

.Ijrompipjr 
pa ftyaatfbxnyaayDKta pa yrpn x 
jyaya lytD 1 ^ lyoiaya ^n fyaxn rytaayoxia 
jympya rx ay pa tyaaian^nya D'a^yrtfm 
pa asta iyi oaiaayiax pa axta lyania iyi 
xh pa ya^x — yiyi yamy^a a'^yayn 
jyn taxn lyaiyi lySx'oya *iyi axu ,ytaaya 
I'n^yrtfm jyayaya taxn iy .tyD^xny: px ay 
oxn iy tx jyaxt |yp jyo ;mwn yix^P $ 
ayi jyaya tyta^xnya yax^pax yan^xiiya n 
yiyi xh cj>taxn .aaHrraanx pn px iyp'p 
,tya3io"s y?x px Dpmyaiya'x tyiiya px 
lyisuya taanpixa yii^^ia a5x ^xi xn px 
•lyistfaoyipy 30,000 px ayta y:^^s px 
iyi ins* {yaaxayaax iya$ in taxn "tfxa 
Tin px oayiaix *pn -laoxpayaxo lyonia 
-hs'sd xh Dsn tx^sio'DDaxp sh jyayia 
is iaia fyayayaa^x in axtaaa^i pa tayo 
iyi pa laxtatsnyvn ayi ,wsns3s xh p« 
*u»a Dp^xa ayi iyaya y^xipsnyi^K^XD 
.sinxt^xs tv"a fya^ycj>Dp5sa px jya^ 
nyna^: jyasn aaijayias xn px pisdsp ny 
is ,iix^ pn unyii ryaxitsyjD^nx Dtioya 
»av 083xa px tyaxn ya^yn ny^nyii xn 
J8DD3"1 oy^: x jy^nyn oai^ny; 
yoaya^n xh pa nyr^x jyiiya t^x ay 
■xiaoann xn t^oxn yaaioyp yDDiync px 
y»a xn) ya^yrx iyiiya rx 5>nxii "iyi »a y; 
*iya px tjH8B "in^x d^d p'B^xa-D^yuxn 
">5 xh rx rCtyJo'DDayay? y^x pa aany^o 
-xns jyojntapmK oaixiyj tyaxn |y?8iya 
;yaxn ^x^ -tyox"iPsoi/n5»x'S8D xn l^t jya 



-XP ^nss h .Diyay-nyD pnxo^ ^n Dxn 
nx xh ,nyayna ^ya lyixny: t'K lyoyo^o 
nya^D^nj^x nyj^ayojx^a — ix^sxpjx.i 
-^xo^iya v* lyasn jyana yayny^nya x i_ ! 
-is lyo^Tis "lyoyoixmy 33x^ nrx nyi ;jys 
■yjoxo^ iasn Diynn^a xh ps inia:yDxt 
-yi 42 lympyjjynxTis ^n iwi Dy -tynjis 
-ya Dsn jyo .jyax'sxt^xais 25 pa jyiDsay) 
jyj^t nyi^H .yta^osP ^xinjys x fyoiptf 
nj'na ta^j inyr lytiya jyaxayj ye^on xn 
tyaxn »t ."I3ia« ms oaynyarx nnyr px "n 
pn |yaxa ,iyp:yi^ya r^x px arrx o^siiyj 
^n:yojix nyoonpy pn ixjxt raj^p'Tioay 
pa D^nx DTinyj dsh "i3ia„ nyi dsi x f 

.yoixa iyi 
y»»D\i xn tx ,jyaxn is t^x ay nynx 
,iynyr anx ^n jysmp px jy^yn jyax:y.i 
■jxny; lyaxn »t oayiyajix xm ,t^^xa xm 
nyixorr^xna a?x^Jy^y , .'H3ia» tyjyj ai^yi 
yiy3X , s^xi''y"i V?x jyayiD^ onyiJiTyasx 
iytj' , 'DX3Spy ~mi is :'y^s p'x is yaayv 
,p^xa tye^DVi pa ajix^naya ny^o^sa px 
-yaanx ^y^a nynyr "l^x , jyosy^ jyaxn px 
■xs nyi wo ^aoxp |yiyo^a ayi px jsma 

. , '^xi i D-iyT 
2 

DioTHx^sxa nyi ixii hjx^ yo^iis dxt 
iyaxf is xt tyaxto^y: ins 1 ' fysjxj ay- t^x 
■ya tasn ay ixn ;aaian*i8Dya8i3 nyi n^« 
Wbd^k'ssd nyn 0^0 oay^ya px oas? 
y^xnpxnyi^x^sxa xh 1x11 px aaiaynya 
oaxaya ,fya?sany yoayna xh oxnya tax" 
-^ta^H t^x ,ytaH^'tanxa ytaaixaiyiaixii x ,_ ' 

.iax> 
taayayi y^xnpxoyn^x^sxa y^ta^n xh 
px ytaayia xh "ixa — taay-i ta^o px — t* 
-a^x nysaxa nyn pa "taixa yoDasniyoD'e 
in^x .tD^yn "lytytaanx^sxa "ly^xax^sxanyo 
pa aany^panx nyn px tanytatrya o^pD^na 
px px ix^sxfaxaix "lfi 1 * P^ % <iyax^ x n -, 
yt^tanxa nn^x .D^pa^taynta yj^tanxa iiT* 
nxa dpx iHanynya in tapm ta^pa^taym 
niuxiytan ^y^a ly^nyaaix px (yDsn x ,_ ; 
•yi finx ,oxa j'anx .jyaai^oxnyaayaxo p,x 
fta^H lyann ayn \y? jyp tyas^sxitaaasa 
pix P'Htaa ?«nyaya pa -.lyn^sanix nyiicr 
.jyani ta^a ^nnyi iy ^11 fyft^Q yanrx ixa 



(6) 



BSilplX K*n 



ay .jyaaiBan yi"a |yt$"iiv jyiRnya Birpa 
-^ByiRyriB pn r tyayn B^nasnya v* Ban 
Tin tyiRiwa jyanyaamR pr r*t .yj«na y^ 
-»Vma8? p« bibp^r^rb,, ^a d'turi 
nya^R B^Riiya brpi ny fya^yn p« ",bsr{}> 
nyi pr yiny^ ye»apiRE yvjxj rh \y-\nyp 
^pbbpp ~iya« .B3R^nBTvnaR^ jyayn yaRia 
.jyaR^ix yp^iya ypiRB&>> b^b dppr B»n 
■DD^n kh *ia a^aa-iy jyapia ayn lyo^R 

-RBytfR^RD y^B"l KH BRA iy^HKII 3KB 

■yj kh pr tya^any yama BRnya yBRip 
•ly^nKii (birbb>) ^a^aiB p« yrt^o 
tr» *in^ ayi aanayya 'iya« brh xn 
ty^^D^na pr tonsil sn "a ^amii r 

.BayBR^iRS 
»a tr ,jyny: bprirb viypyi tasn jya 
y^x pa fyBanay^y,, nyn "a vayBBnpy nyi 
tysnya BKn pnRBB^a r^i "^yByBD^nRii 
|yp ayDD^D Jrmvi tywstfp^m yB"o»na dri 
brh ay -lyaRn B^a a^saiy jyaTia p»p jyo 
-ynya Ban jyo rpi nyany typmy iyaR v* 
*p? Ban pniv ty»wtp 4 b^e K>BRn ,Baya 
y^BRnpRaypR^RD sh tr fBa^vyaBmR 
IR'^b a^RHBiynas p»5« fya-'na pR Ban 
■^naann Baypya ta^a ^ri »? fya$n ,fyD»»B> 
8 nyrn px -lytaRBiayn iyai¥a"R p»p jya 
(ynBR-nya jy5myn*5 rh *»ain tyasn ?rs 
.Bn^BiRa p« B^rrna pa ^rt rh 
PR yBRipRBytfR^RD rh nyas 
nxn jyBa-pa iv osn ca bra naR^B'H 
nye^ii r^R bhb lyryn b'-b onya km .isa 
pa D^ntwya kh \yv^-\y pa iyn ayn epiR 
-b^rb^rp iyi pa "iyaR5>ptj> px ^r> ayi 
.BBRB^yrya nyu^B 

.3 

naaRp nyi nx nyiay^ yanya'R rh px 
yDma "^xn •lynx'nya nnn^ay: anyay5> "^ins 
.jyoipyansa osn a^yn dixt pk oy^a ts^yii 
aiDyoD , »ata^ynnya lyiiya t'k i»npJKia p« 
iy iyii txny^o bsh nnsf aaxaas ,>« .rnn 
t^Ts^ya ^yD^ax ,iynD ,, a ,| o d^« lyixnya t^k 
-r^x tD^iiya ^t t^sn an^x -tynyn yi pa 
"a "/Dibt^k^sd aixayi,, ay^a x fyin^a 
,b^ii ntx lyaasaya r^x "msay*i„ sh ya^yn 
-^aya D^a n^r p"»p t^x "didt^jovsd-,, pa tx 
]"i "^sa ly^naxn fyoiaya p^s ta^n ny .jya 
■'O pa lyooaiaw tao^ta^ya tasn ny ;axiax-ia 



-^^vxd h \]^yy taa^a^xiya jy^taixa y^x ^n 
pa ynnsuD^K nya^^p nyn d^o jytaxnpxrsyn 
-n>a D'ntaixa lytaaix y^xpKna jtfmysPS p»K 
"ynaxa ynyas^pKyi,, yoa^^snya h .ajn*i 
kh tyaya yn^sna p<« jyTx^yaDPix ta^n 
-py t $ s ? ^ o b a k pk yBKipsnyn^K^sD 
-ain »m Baspya bsh pm i»n) ,iyi!s^a?2yT 
.(pixb laytPB taiyr 
x b^b BiyaBayya ^pbbinp b^h tiPiKi 
jyj-in y^Bnxs nyn ps .p^Bnp ly-iayoa^iya 
-yan y^K ,tjn^iiya Bynayiiyaa^ yBayip y?s* 
nyaiKt? nyn pa fyi^iiya B^yBt^yaa^ jyvayi 
x b^b tyi^iiya Bapnpya pk ?i3^xd 
IK^'o »iw BSBE^as .ay^T lyiayvay^a 
n'n BJjn tyin^^ fia^a nxa xm -lyB'B^ 
p» ,f^^D 3 jyoipya yBKiP^yn^^^D 
-ya BP^ya 86 jya«r jyBSBiayn 5S BSBtraK 
iyi 1$: i^sa lya^ ,Baynx^-ixa p« jy-i^ii 
iW"T ayn jyapia ayi b'b y*pna nyB^ny 
q^b o»n« »tDi«a nyn px jy^ayiyan xh 
•B^panx^' Jin Baxip y": 
nyi lyiiya ^b x -iynypi t^n* p^B^anya 
■niyi y^x dtik iya^r dit'S i^a px nyB^ny 
iNB^a b'b tyBD^aiBi^a^ px jytaa^vr 
•yay H , , i B^yiaxnya ^n B^n ay .ny-irpaax a^s 
nh ^t iv .yasna — ^t Basn — y:"*?p s 
"Hasp k ty^yBcapiK yB^np^Byn^x^^D 
-asBDa^i pa Baynnyia yvpi k ixa bnh 
-n^a ^t pm Byii iy rx ,aaiaanya iyi nytaain 
-^nyiyv-ti^n y^s b^b nyr^p pus fypyB^ 
'P^B jyB^x nyn s, a lya^^a ^t k^t lyi^i ,iya 
tins anayBas B'-a Bayn nn»« pynsa ,p^o 
•tyasDyiyx ya^r p» sinn pn ,tyo5yn^ii 
Bayiaya Bsn fiaoxp nyn npi ,ayr i$: 
-ya jyasiByaiyanx ny pk ,yayna nyi ps 
bi^i ,jyiTym p« asB^Bisa f'aps fyi&vi 
Tyaya 288 — o«rnnye yan^xnya s b>b r^x 
•styn rh lynxiiya jyaiayaaR — tya^BB' n 
y^a rh \ym PR as^isa ayi jyaya i»»vi$ 
-P^bprb pr lyaaiayiBL" y^^Ba'aR^myi 
JVD8B rh PR tr typiny ■'in brh ay 
PR BayBRnaia vp Diopa^pujn nyi brh 
-nsa pirb^t^r nytj'BRn ,b»j lyBRSB'D 
wn "ly^^BRip^Byif'R^'Ra iy*r »a B'na 
Ban jyo Rm "nyp^BynRpR/, nyiR ,rayay5- 

-yaann pr *ibbrp ny^HRiyB^ r |^r 



•nyt^s njn r« styn y»: k*h 



(7) 



j/DDro3 ? n xh "pntaoy px tw aa"?a 
-xayr/X^xa iyn pa yaxaB'nx ytDDycaynsa 
y^axnpxayi^x^xa h nn anxn ^ix .'BXip 
axi *ixb yaayn y a> » a O $ s lyasayp-iy 
rx axa^aixB tyavy^ ayi *nx .p5»sa yv^Nj 
tt'is jyssoyp iv tyisiiya jyax^ya px jyn 
yaaa-ixa> kh a^o px V'i"\v^v -lyaay-a nyn 
yryn jy-irrBapx ayn iyo Pa nyD"ii tyte's 

.aanynxa 
px nsaxp lynyiiB' x "isa y^s^ny-y^ x 
lyo^iy nnx^ aaxaax tai^n p»noo ^xnyaya 
-so sh jyaxn anxn .«bikb ytpnay^n xh 
px jyrxlnyi a^a f^siiya tyDjnpssy-tfK^ 
*pxy-i fyiyooj'B x tynrpaann BayDsJnxa 
-y-iya>aix-iy&"a*ix xh iy:y^ vvwi jynya^v 
T»t »t axn asi ixa .B^rrna iy:y^ px \vo 

:tyayayaa"X b*j 
axnya jyaxn tfsany iyB»^x*i8B lyana x 
-x^ya jyaxn "t -lyaxaya yc^ay^xa^x xh 
pnx a^a jxtb px assayi tyt^ari ayi ;ya 
-eyasis yaTia ins nax5 nyn px iyTs5> i* 
ypxa Tt tD^n "nyanyna^yn,, nyn ps .jya 
bpi ph yr , n yaas^sya pn px fypsiBnyn 
tyvaxa px nynasa ,Bay5yaas aaaxaas px 
.jynsiiyj jyayayayaapx 
pn i^ax ,nynay5 wvv$i\v* y^x px 
,aaiaynya pb»bd^ips$d xh aa^ac? ,ikbk< 
px yaaya xh axn pn ryay^ b^d 5>ia px 
iyo .fyaaiaasn px jyarrrapx yaanayvay^a 
px 1903 ins 1 nyn :tyaxr aaya px a^nri jyp 
-anx^vsa y"J kh "ixa nyayas"iya x tynya 
a^ypmaay px aapxii ya^yn ,a^yn ya^a 
•wbbhxb^bxp nya^x nyn pa apt? px ^n 

.B5yn 
•BDany .i 



kh pa aaiaxspas kh iy:y: p« aiomxB^ 
.yaT»p nyi «in« lyawD'is-Dtsssoss' 

jyiiyapK nrrs b'o D^naynnawaiK rh 
-isb iy^ , DD i Dy"ix^r nyn pa y^a rt^oy^^K 
■k'ssd yB'n'ivjKiBw n BD"n ^ys^as— «o 

■«t si'iK n~iyT«ayj jyasn— "»Bina wbd^ 
rwnny^ta ^xt jyo ,sTisa p« Dyu:sp iy 
tonn Dynxti'T isi .^idiks iyn pa jya^trans: 
jy^^a ypistD^ w«» "lytDJix lyoiay: an^x 
-yj Tin ^xi ayaya^cyaas jx a^sn x p« 

.jyasitD 
■nm "iyi oBsaya tasn onts lya^B^i x 
-a*oa nyn pa 5»nt3 lynyas^i^siiyr^sp 
dsii <ayn ^in y^siPSDyn^^sa wrw 
uin^ayaain r^s aa^yi px ayiaa»s;p ayi smu 
■^snya p« aaiv^yoa>nya yaay kh tynsnya 
ya^BD^K^SD yayiy^iya kh pb aaia^a 
."bikb p'K iv iyas^psna 
-a^yntD kh oyii tsvy* tx iya«n jyp jya 
■WttD^K^sD ny^n^xaKia nyi pa b^p 
.jya^aiy y-yayna |ya^n "tDina 
pn 5yat? ^n ^ljikb sh bsh fy^ya px 
.^EBin lyanns'-'iiviKB pa a^xmy Da' 1 ^ 
n^iK "iyiy , ii xn Dnny; yaiyay Dm: a^ 
«h) Di»p58pny5>p ayi tyaya fiaosp ayi 
ya^oya^K asi nxa px (aasanyn a^a 
.»3jn5iiKii yB^^a 
^Kiyaya x jyayii "lynm pw bb'xid R't 
i^xi "isa a^axoyaa^a ^n o"*u ps P^naa 
aa^aayanya -apisaanya sn dsii ,ayn ^nn 
.aas^ap p« aai^panans sh ainyaiya p« 
-^ya pa lyaaiDnyaiytsain yivtsmysssp kh 
,iny^ p» inyo r^N jyapxii ps jyn^a \ys 
.-\v:nw px "lyanyi." r^x 
a^yn ?nxii aya^aya^x jyayn yaxna xh 



(T^ 




.lyOAjjSD o-iya-iyn 



-w o^a osn t^aya nyoyi^aya nya^yn 
o?a Dyay osri iyii ?piyn D-'iyDayao iyry> 
yt^asTs^a-T.^oaxtpayDm w«t pa onyna 
■"iix jtf« p« fyaaviy^pny pa lyaanrraDnx 
jwasts^a pn ?jyDni jya^ayo pa fya 
*pw oynanaya aaynot? pk ya^yn ,nyoD'D 
Dya^n ayi spik px p/oasa'ayo'vi yironsa 
ya^yn naya^x tnfcj! naxotnya [ya^ayo 
,fj;D,yaynay^a*iya px fyaairpnmya ytyw^jn 
,|yDx» sh px jyaamyaa^x ^upo ptx px 
jnynaixn "pd Dip ,iyry^ "ixa ryayp ya^yn 
nynna fyt^ayn jyasn int« xpi ,osy v* 
-".Tinxii yaxaa^x ya^yrx fyaxotnya ta^a 
VT fyasn fyasTS^a yfwaya anxii px jyo 
px niTpn ytaaia lya^x ayp xh fyjxiaya 
.fyDyoa^D (yam'oxaiya^x) ypipa^OKD 
-ppioay Tin ,tx^tfsviy ■sinn oeip oy^x 
tm ptx yoay^yaaix kh — lymsa pa aatf 
*N ptx DDa^yr my nh ,-noxa ytaay^ya xh 
*pu ptx "OD"a„ nya^ayo nyi ,B>ayo nyi 
nyi ,*iu iyn pi ptx "new- h nya-iyp iyi 
-jjio h ,oxxofi? "iyi pi Ptx B>ayo lya^ysa^x 

XP1 PTX DD31P XH ^.TSyj lyi PI PTX 5>81 

ptx osa jyayn |ypaxnya kh ,oaxss>ayDPi xh 
-ya nya^ayo nyi jyayn typasnya xn xpi 
.t .x y^axTx^a xh pi j$w5jn xh ,oaxsj^yT 

pa TXa ,^XBa"X PTX ^1 Oa"B> D81 —.11 

naypita "Yi tymaya Dy taxn tyaypooyn 
•wrana iyn pa aainyot^oay xh d^t ,*in$» 
*ipx pyiix px jyo pa -y^BSTx^a nya^o^yii 
.ayn tya^oan fix jya"5a typi 
lyo^a px aax?> ^xa oa"5a ovy tin p« 
fypn pa fyDXiax oyn fyo pa lyaenyp is 
p?a"T yatyn ^yaanyoB' px nyaiyi y?x ayn 
]ik tyiny^ ytya^yi ynynna n pa tya^aya 
~iyi "^^a *n«n fyra .lya^r^^a yc^rastoya 
-ya yoma ya^ytK yiytas 4 ■p n* iyaj?n is 
tDiyanyn Km ,a-iypayn yay^D p« yonny? 
y^ya lya^n ti« ^^a mxi \yv .lyaayaa 
•yit3D , i~ix jya^ \y$w a^n ,a"iya^-^ m&P 




■Bax^ayam y'n»N* to 

tayii ya^riji^a ya^ 

aay fya"5a nyo^x 

nyn b>o jyiaianya 

-nna ayn pa |y»^a 

tyt:-iny^ya p« jyD 

nypayi ty^^aay 

"i^a^ya r« lya^yii 

S3 pa nyta^x pa nyaoysyn 8 jyovy^ jya 

p»n ts^D d^k tt opm ya^r^^a yryn 
-iya^ ,(aa^pnioay) t^^i^ny :oi^n 
kh -tD^yii ysasa kh oaya^xya on^ii nyrn 
-sytyj ji« yjioo^a kh kmi oia ntK yt^pa 
jyiiya o^a pk nyDayaD onyanyn .ya>^oasa' 
pn O'D irrx o^n ny i^a nynana nrrx 
nya^ayii o^a ti« taD^a jyt^tanp tyamMipnyo 
ps v^i^na niK 0"poaiy^>ya nyanTiipnyn 
niosa -\yt2iu iyi p« typiiya laya^sia^x 
,Doaip p« oasK'ayDm pa |ya»\iv y^x p« 
-ayayayi o^a — nyaaya yoanyo^a y-irpK d^t 
xh ya^yii n«a ya^oo^a «h T^'taxa an 
oTioya fya^n — noan ya^oya kh rx ^ya^a 
-ya ixa wiv^v V* t 1x *w vnv^ ly^ia 
-x^ia^a is oay^xo jyona pn o^o .yoayt 
■SBE'ayDni 11a t'yopaia yoDnyu^ kh \v^v\ 
wv p« o"ii ny B«n yasrs^a pa p« iyo 
nyi px yiny^-Das^i^ny kh oyo^nat^nya 
.o^yii nyonn^nvx nysaxa 

-lya nyoDyia \"i onyot^ya ayi ps 
lyn pa Dyia^ia tya^oD^a ayn ixa ooayn 
-anx xh D,Ts ty^yii nxaiyi ps o^nt^ayo 
a^a^K nynay^ y^x p« tytrayo yoiny^pya 
-B^a ynyDyia jynya tya^r Dy .pn isapasn 
-^s y^a p« yo^s kh pk an^x ixa iya«r 
-^x ^sa tya^aya is iyi.it? pk Dy iya» ,jyo 
an^x o^d jya^^a |yayp tt ?st d»h ,nya 
p« "lyp^ya-iio^ip y^x qnx Di^aa^x ayn p« 
.'aaxtr^yrya nyi pa tyDs^p y^s ipk 



.nywyso ta-ijmyn 



(9) 



.tjnjyosj'ow yBaay-iya inyt p« jyaiaya jxi 
,22 ins* x jynya b5x px iy \y\\ ix^ 
nyjjynjK d^x tyBXiByaomx pip iy px 
t«n Bsn yr^yii ^nny^-Dax'Stfsny nyn pa 
jroma b'b jyaynaisain in fyjjKsya^ 
px ya^BBsspaybm px ayu x fyB^paHnip 
-ayom ya^nana xh .jypHp y&^axTx^a 
-^ipyj B$n ty ya^yn ,aairp:iny jd*5bb«b> 
-cnx ditx jyu^nyao'D 5y»a nnyt &$n ,jya 
nyBxa pn .ayn jy^a jytn spin jyByiBis 
px "lyp'BxaynBxa nyBBiauya x jyiiya px 
nya^yn ,irm p»? b^d .nynny? nyBia x 
yiaysay^a Ba^syaomx Jwx d^x ixa bxh 
bxh jix to^ny^yj p^s iy bxh ,|yB"pawa 
ipujt* 17 is Dip ,Bytt"iya"ixa Bia nix brvx 
-jyT"K nynaawa "iyt p« jyrcipyaax iy px 
-inx 1 jyayn .lyaycna'x d^x yaxanxp-jrixa 
"iy b^b B^anxya lyoayaD tnynyn bxh 
nyi px bxh jix ix^DyBina pn px a5>xa 
yftpa jyantyya inx jix B"ihibb> 5y»a B"s 
.HtfwiWHKB p« jy^Bix 
-dpix 5xb jyaBny nis iy pn 1842 ps 
bxh ny .nya"^ nytrBHxa d^n jyBX")Dya 
""V n px jy^Bix yrpn x jyantraax iHBya 
"jjviw pa pnp jya^BBH,, oyi jyayn aaiB 
Btnyis inx iy bxh jy^Bix ytyn px 
Bsn ny ya^>yn ,jypaxnya xh Bpmyamx 
ytj»B8TS^a w»t px B^ypniBay lyByatr 
■tfiNPB K"»ii ny-taxa cnyiaxTya ,pnyn 
jyBonnya p»t tyT|j£yaDmx bxh jnnxi 

"aniTBDnN yaHBBXtrayDPl H .1857 p« 113 

-mi yw-i x BNnya jyaxn 11a jyrn px jy.i 
jaxaax pa px lya^yn ^srx^a ayi inx aaip 
crrx Dxn pnixi .ayii \vvi nnx jwjww t^ 
T« -lnynyj ya^BBB^yD^mioSJ tynyjy: 
a^BBjnp o^onyn t* o^n ^y P« »T3yn nh 
-^nxn x lynxny^ p« ^y 5wb> sni .ovwya 
y^^n pa yjitfanK yts^iis kh dp^v od-j 
yto^ny kh ."y , :x^a , D3 pa lys^jna,, 
isj T^K ny jyi.1 ,1855 px o»nn t^x yax^B^ix 
-ax .p-\w D'pmxi d^d lyiiya u:xpv2 b^j 
■ya k^ii ,onny^piy fin pip t^xn ny ^nsii 
kh sm ,^xo nyraix px lynyD^D^y \yp)$i 
.t^n^Bya onnx jyan »i xmi ,|ypT»ii o^in 
nyraiK is jyoip ypmi"K yBDixnyaaix xpi 
nyi d^d aax^pa^x px i ,c, x -- p^BDimiya 
«h jyaya jyny^Bay px yiny^-Das^i^xiiy 



-Dp^xa px ya^tao^a Dy-jxa xh jvy>u jyo 
ya^Bya,, yD;xjya-xT xn jyaya nyomya 
"'i^K"B^yii« jwfcra xh jyaya /jjnny? 
,n^xia n^ya ya^nyay? xh jyaya ,"aai« 
,pyta 'Ho^a jyayn ryaan^aa^x xh wmi 
"XT dxii px ,.11 .t .x nnatJ'n yanoya ,Qwn'j 
tDib ,, Bfc5> tx^nyi tx ,}ya"S Bapmya^x iy5 
.Daxrayom ya"i b^ b^ ^xa p»p sin« 
^B^onyn p»» jyiynais jyaya i^n 1$: 
is jyixnya ix~nyaapx pw px Dy dxh 
"»jD"nyj xh wiv^P'V is ,mmp xh jyayay 
jya^an nyi jyr^v, is ,-iitoxa nyi ; v ,a vd 
Biyanyn .jyaa^pniDay yiyB^m nxa :v^ 
rx^a jyocny nyn iyan Bnnynxa nyaayaa 
P18D85 ^nxnax ,aai:yayniniB nyrn pn 
nyi jib onynana xh jy\iya jyrn pinisn jix 
■axia nyt jib jyox^ iyi .jnnjtf-wiptftfijmy 
ixa cxn lya^yii ,pix?dx^ w^ir^v^ jy^n^.s 
aa^syaax B^y^a^m^K , jyBis jia y-:v is 
nyn p« js'SiSxny jia y^xi ya^Bani xh ?ipx 
V^ntf J^t .jyayaiya jyanaya a:x5 pn niBsta 
jy^x^ya ayi jia jynxiiya Bay^yaas t^x 
T»ix iyas ; pmsn BDHximxa jytrnaay 
-ya Baxpyn nt« B^a b$»sii Duap^inm nyi 
-ayo'iii yaay xh nyDPx ,B^yii nyi p« jyi^n 
nynayao Bnyanyn jyn ,\vv^p y^^oax^ 
tro B^anxya naxaxaxa ins 11 so B>a b^xh 
ptx nynya ynaysay^a fix bxp jyo^na p»t 
ynny^-Das^si^siiy ysaxa xh jyayaisiya^s 
jyDxc B'o jyiny^piy is Ba^H ptx in^x jix 
jix jyanpyaayoxris bsh iy ya^yn ,jyBpxa 
-ya iyi tx ,B5yBtj>yajyDsns Ba«niyBD"B 
jix jyonyaya jyayp Dy ?xt "yTy^ lya^anyii 

.jyn'Hiya 
pn b^o jyaanyp aax!^ BTinya bxh iy 
jyaiaya bxh ny pa jyn^H ^px jix nyiya 
,-iax^iyBxa pm px pnyii w«i va iyry? 
-a^x tyDPia xtx jyaxn yaHBD^a kh 1x11 
t^x BD^a lyivBxii-iyDaxP "iy i^n jix Di^a 
-^sana yBL-ny„ ya^t .B^ysi^iiyaa^K Boya 
bxh ,1862 j>x jya^L'ny jya^T ya^yn -"jya 
.aaiaayi yaya^x pn ?rix jypm BTi^ya iy 
nya Bxnya jpc ny bxh B"S nyn px i^a 
ya^yn .xpnyox jix nan^aay ps Diyiny 
xh jypyi is naxa x jya^pyaayaxns jyaxn 
iy jyi -Piyii V)"i jypm inx jyaxaDnx 
^n Bsn jix -iynya pn jib Bay^ya isa Bsn 



(10) 



BSJlplX KH 



10 



tt jyjyp to .pnyu yam px iinijmyji onyo 
■»n5yj»"K px tyTs^ns o^a T^TOxa sn 
yrn pa yooa^oam- kh iTax jyayii tyo 
x onynsa opais nyiy^ jjn ,jyaai"iiTaDnx 
-oayasn oy jy^yii to .^yp'onR pynairya 
oyn D^xaayny 1 ."oaaipi*,, nyn px iso *p5 
jyayayaiya^x "oaaipw,, nyn px t5¥TP 
pa tya^vana,, yrn pa 5>"no iyn tynyn 
xh o-,ny^p-iy onyii Dy irii /'y^x^vRD 
.lyas^^yn pa 3ainyo&J>oay 
o^o jyaijayn tt to jySyn y^mnyn 
pa jyopxa yj'j^K o>o pr fyoaRTya ay^ 

•fyny^ pn 
yrn nsa Km tx ,tt onyocnxa oy 
iyosa x fyasipya jyasn pnyn yci"asTS^a 
r^x fyaaxayaas osn jyo px o^yn nyn px 
PR yanoDmi xp jyasn ^yiy 1 ? iv m inyo 
prb> r?x dtx aany^panx pa yna^a y5>x 
dtx jyasn m .jyTpxox iv jyaaxayaas nya 
jyasn pR E>ayo ly^osa r ixa oiy^p-iy 
.aanyoDy^Dyosa d^>x -iyan yrn ooxmya 
-oDmi ya^am* .^yimo pa lyoana rh d5r 
yjps'tfa yny^r onyTisayaam* jyasn yan 
DPyoayao tr ,oxa jyoya iv ^y^yDayj' 
fytpayo tix jyasn Dtfaam* \"p jy^RT piyn 
worn ,aia.T3 pr m tyiTanya a* a pr 

pnyii yayaxnny ytn jyasn fynns 1 yaax? 
a^RniyD^R oxnya Dtfaa^x j^p oyoa ypxo 
osn ins 1 jnymya .jyPHP ya^oax^ayom 
lyisiiya Damnya jyam oy pa jyoiaya Dy 
■rd„ pnyn jm pa jynx^soRTpy 750 xh 
px jya^ny px ya^yn ",yp^oxoo y5x>v 
xh pa yaxaonx yo&ny rh th .1851 
nyao'iR pr "y^R^xa'Da pa jya^vaHa., 
k pns 1 12 nya>xnss jyam jynsiiya oanp 
-jyenv mmy; ny oxn pnyii yj>n pa t\tj 
iv t.03 »t pa DiR ,yt3JRpya jy^iviv \yo 
mo Dpy? nyTR jyayayaD'iR oxn ny -lyny^i 
-an rh jynyr jy^RT m dir hr^ri njyt 
jyraya ojypy; o^ orh "iy jyi ,o^yi'i yro 
tynyaomK lyTpnn 5xr drii ny^naia r 
nyax oxn ny .pnyii y^^aRTRTa yot^ny y^n 
ny drt ^juaRn rh fyix'nya o^ ^ro pn 
yjm dr-[ px jyn x jyaynaanH tt oyii 
-xnat^ y^x px pyii ovypya^x jyljyn piyii 
■jyo y^x pa jyiyii lyry^yj jy^yn px jya 



"hob'J,, x jyayn yanaya yiy^^yi px yo^x 
iv Dy^y^a j'o^j nxa fyjiayj ny oxn ^irt — 
-mnxi pa d^sj^k nyn nyojix pxnaP 

■ DIOT'a 

ycj"aRTR^a x iv jyo^ya |xi tt osn ny 
■drj DiR ,iyoax^jyDm y5x pa ajioaxnoya 
-siiy nyi o^o jyo^o^ m omi xm ly^n^aw 
vvna yo^ny,, rh ^rj .yHRyno-DjR^if 
pa pnyii ynyn^R rh jyjy^ny jyrn "iya 
y^x^R^a pa jya^Ha rh» : ayoa^a \"i 
-Ra^Da pa lya^jna rh„ /'(yiny^Djyay3) 
■yv„ ",y , 3R5 i R''VRD pa tya^vjna h„ ",y^0 
•anj^R yaHOD'^ \i^ yt^oHRa .y^yiyvyi 
ynny?) yp'noy pa jya^jna ^i„ ,"iyjjio 
■so -y^^oHRa — :mTvny„ ,"(^xiro nyn^x 
.11 .t x swva px y^xn 
ny oxn onya^yn yanoy o^o fyoxn* 
-ya rh„ Rm pnyirtyTH xtx oa^ojyaynya 
■«t Dy nya^yii px /'y^x^vxa yTjya^H^ 
lyjyii jyopRa jyDRo jyanpy^yoRnv \yi 
"iya pr yn^ii pa Djya^i^ pr d^hjo xh 
ixa ivix ix r s x piyii ytn .nyp^ya yro^v 
dirt jyi -jyajiB'iRaaRj ya^oa^y^mo^ip 
yoo^arya r px o^yo^yjjyoxnv |yo oraya 
■jn^P^ya xh pa tyoxo^iTyi xh :jutis 
-hrddh yo^x pa px yn:yT'H y^x pa jyj 
oax^jyom) y^x^yaix pa tir xm ,iyp 
• dyaxT yro^viya nynx Dinoiyo^x iya>x 
ytn o^o ovijya tt osn ooa^yr iyD:yao 
rh pr jyjjHn^aD'-'iR y:"i Ta lyopxa 
".yjR^S^'SD pa jya^vJHa,, 
xm ^nn ny onn^a pnyii y^n y^x px 
ny .y-ny^-DJR^'^sny xh ,o:sry; pi^ 
nyn nsJ ^ tx ,yrmiya y:nyr^x o^y^a 
ynynyn^ x pa o^ypniojy tt osn v:yn 
■ya rh tir pynas* -ynyayn r iv yaiot^ 
o^yii iyn p« iwjw^eny y^s .oaR^yr 
.ytyiy* yan^R nyojiR lyansinyojiR jymr 
"pmoay ynyomi y^k pr DRofryi nym px 

.jyonsa pa aai? 
-rj nyn pa nyaayc x px iya>i^a lyi 
yiw tx ,iyan^a nyn ,ovy t^x xn xm ,to 
yanajpa^Tx |x pa jyaxo^ay t^x nvn po 
;osa pa ly-isv.ya fyax^ya t^x ya^yii ,irrq 
nyanoya x t^x ^yan xh tx ^ya^i^a nyn 
asnx iyam fyas^apyn tx ,jyan^»a -\yi pn 
■yoB'ix T'R Dy^x drt — .11 .t .x 5yon pa 



11 



•lywysD B-iymyn 



(ii) 



-hxd^bxp kh tro tyixiiya tyDpxiiyjjyDxr 
-nip ya:v M"? px jyyi^ y^xiyan-^DD 
kh p« lypxuyao^K |yiiya p>biv px iy ,ixn 
iy) -*u«5 p 1 ! pa jyjjiJ^D yt^DHxanx^xD 
•whw lyjyD^mya x fynya Dapmya'x px 
W^v'p D^ny: Dn i^bx dxh px lyi 
-yj pixbk> ix tin t'k iy ,(|yaxia^ yiDyia 
"littfip px yt^axtx^a px Day^Diya fyn 
■spt jyjyp iv nix .lyajiunsaaxj yaHDa^ya 
ya^tDBK^yrya yjyDuy^x xh pa {yjxrsx 
lyD^x vt oino dv dsu jynyr px tyDanjx 
3^»ii DBPmyaix tt dxh iy .jyapx y:"t 
ytj^D^xs ts^D Dj'DBytJ>ya px trpoyiyorx 
pa yaxia *iy5wsxD nyi d'o px y^oxaxpy 

.&«* nymx 
didt^x^xd T5/ay^ jyDyiDDPix pn 
-13 yDDyia sh l^ax tx ,5xd x ^xj djp»u 
jy^HDax jyvjKa px an V't pnyp fyaxTX? 
■y nyix d^v *iy«t pa lytwux xh pa 
■ya «t tya^yn w -dx^p nyi pa Dr>x3:iyi 
iyi pa aawTHDiya D'lya^yaD .jyiyn 
■pi? ippx d^d nyDD^D iytJ"DDHXD ,, 3xp 
Dyn tx aHay^ii D>a DaxDiyi "lyiix^pt? 
■pyii ,5yD8DDHX tisTs^a tycana jy^xnya 
pn pa "lyiix^pp xh saHHiDiya dsh iya 
nyrya yaHayiiD^a d^x niDnfo px &"* 
.fyaaiDana^x yaHDaxc 
.r a x i p .3 



Vt px lyjiy^ Dyay ixa ly^ii dxii rjy^ 
iy dxh aauasn wn px px ;jyi^aDPx 
25 bid "^xa -Dixaya Dn yT^inya^p^; v* 
-ya xh Dxnya iy osn d^d pn ixa inx* 
V^x pyii piyn yj"t xpi ,jynyr is aaianna 
dbxd yaxtx^a pn xpi px dsxbix mw 
T»t ttfymsn px ayp xh px iipxtfxiyn x 
•D?yn lyDTP^irv .iyvaxa iyi px p^x 
yPMiay bids? xh lyayn y-iny^ pv n$nu 
•^X^ ^y t^k -Dax^^yry; -y- pa J3i?p'TiDjy 
yii^X^a pn px .didp^x^xd jyjya D'nK 
px tyjyjjny) "'nyiiK??^ ynjycip xh„ 
•iy) "dxxd^ nyi nya^xjyay: jxd„ px (1874 

-U"B D^X DPIX iy DyiD (1884 px WWW 

njn^i iy -y^ny^ lysj^DD^x^sn iyn pa 
-^xt^axp y^x pa iyn:yDi^x xn D^xrr 
rx .lyf'iiya ix dbit px Diymnsy ysj"DD 
ajipayiB'ya x iv lyin^a Dyn didt^k'S^d 
vi v^xa px t5"n»*ifi ya^jytiya pa 
nn^x iyaxn lyDD^x^vxa v^vz . ,,, nynx?p^ 
-yn nyi 5>yxysD lyDjnxn ,DiyaD:yy; 

"D"P! DX1PXOyT^X , 'VXD IJfB'^ajy lyDDIXM 

-jyoiaix yrn y^x dbk^piv tyaxn px ,jxd 
pa iyaj , nn^aD''ix vy?iy-)i xh nyax .jyts 
Diynjyya d^j ^xn tynxn tyoDHx^'xa xh 
ya^Dvy xh spix aivya px .lyajiJ^D yrn 
xiynnmya ny t^x lyjjnn'B yaHDax-j^yry; 
■is ^yais r^x iy .dd^xd^bxp lyayD^mya 



^»&>iii *•#:€€€««• 



— i;"j:ns ibdnti jyrNt pau 

Iiyayj an vs »n ao^t :h aya'a 

- -lypiN-u* ,"na vi "<n aya -nt p»N 

Iiysy^i oyi vs "a is an any3 



— ]j;rxt j?aiJi ;*^n nh p« 

— jyiyiiB' ,iya«B ,in y;p i>n ,n 

^yony3 piw in "2 ;ni vk ^"'i 

...]yiyp aca^'T t« ^yp a^u i;h px 

.ny^Dxp nyo 



.naian 



.310'CV ty^H'K ]VV1 IX BliTSW t3^n ya^yn ,ytaa^ya ya^p-pn 8'"i 

— ha — 



B"X "iyn t^D *18a ,(D1DDnp "1X3 175-164) 

nytojTN jyn ,(187) jynm ayi Diantsax pa 
px lyjuiBPKBP {yaaxayaax *;n tyaxn \vt<k 
ix tnmaya tyaxn ya^yn ,tyo"p:Ptt""»BB> 
-nana yamyt^m kh lyaaix mix yiyn 
.jyn^D pa w^jyp y&> 

■vd:k pa D"X Daanynyi iyi lynaix 
t^a nam i"P lyvx fya$n jyum ayi did 
pnx »t B$n auyp iyn ,xanx ;Dxnya 
iyn lyttfxnanx fyayp jy?KT »t ivaSijinya 
yti»TD kh \vw) BXHyya"' 1 ? tD^n px naiox 
-mix fyaxn jyTx xh iyax .iyp5ya-Dayip 
"«! »t .jyiyna p»p taxnya tan p^x in fya> 
-xyTyj:y;yj "nx px o5»nmx jyiiy: ixi tya 
ttayiwya u^n ya^yn ,y:"x :ty"tnx5 yu 
*yn» xh — lyayia xh trn fyinanax ix in 
-y: oxn ya^yn ,yiyiax sn px /'jyaDny? 
-annna yt^-px yta^x kh jyttfxnanx ta^xn 
"131X2 -iytttny iyi pa yxnap nyi jx .jya 
nyinna iyi nytaoya-^xx ya"i tynya jya^n 
iyi vain tynya p» "tai'xa iyB"V!X iyi pa 
iyn .ta^x nyay pa 5na ina iyi ,iy&m 
xh taxnya laxn pn px taxn lya^yn /paw 
nyay' pa taaxa yt^Tx y^yxnax ytaoyna 
[yiSttx^ionax xh dxh — nana xh — &"x 
"ixa^x jyaanyitafc? yiy"? px taiytatyya 5ya 
—»iiv jyrn paiyi px Sie^p yt^ana fyinna 
yannya^x tyaxtat^taay ty^ixs yi^a fy&y 
•ya iytaysB> jyasn ya^yn ,iya«pj»o"itiB' 
.jyanx pa mam ix taima 
-aix iyn iia taana yiytana ytaoiy xh 
lytaaix jyDSjya tyi^x xh jyasn ta^pan^x 
-taax ,nxnxax^a Dip"5yo pa Baxt'nyn nyn 
-ix lytaoxya nyn .tpiit D'jyom ayn didv 




t^x naun pa ni^yia x 1 
-j'taa^ii xh pa iyj"« 
nyi pa ty^'sxp yt2D 
•^xn ;yDa^ya *iyErH ,, x 
->x ^yto^axP x d<j b s : 
dx\i ,ynxt3D^n y^n 
■wo y^TKiyDJlX ^xt 
-ya a^jyn mtx pn jyo 
■tD^t^ain x ttayna in^« |yn .-lyrn x^i mxp 
ta^ rHDian Bny^a jyo dxti nxa ,tyi^x jya^ 
oy„ ::miy?p"iy *?yp^uv yrn f»i5a T^x ny 
■ya dxh Dxiv,y^"in didvojx ^d x ty\iya t^x 
tDsn px min pa pn Tayo t.yp8 »5ij*.i 
Ixt fya^T Dy jB'npDiTn'a nyi Da»j»*wwnya 
lyoxa I'tD'D tytfyn yj'^x jyjxio^yaaMx 
■its dxt nyoyiya jyaxn ya^yii ^wipbti 
nyi i.x ".fcnporrrva oyn o^aya p8 p^xa y^ 
8H iyn» rynayay^ yn toxyryaix tsiyn 
-n^a ayi jy^aya lyaiaya ^n jyaxn a^xiao^n 
y^yanp x jyaiaya lytDixi ^n tsxn ,^npan 
jxb p^x T'a aiaya jyiiya anp px dxii >ix 
tyayia Svt oy ,oa x t^axoya oxn t^xa px 
,Dy5x nnyayaaix P8 dxi "-ayn box yvaxa 
-D^ya nyi pa d"n T'x nya^anyiiya x D811 

.naian pa yto 
-^x nyn t^x ^yp^tanx jyrn pa pyiix ^vi 
-pnni nyn B s n iyaxo iv Daxpya a^iy jy^n 
■snip -i^i^xa — naian pa yoa^ya nya^ 
px ^yp>tD-ix ix ixa am nyn ?»ii -noxayi 
ly^naia ix in D^a tsan^ny Baaipix ny- 
px tnyaiva^nx px tyta^n^yva^x nya?8 
.(a^iia) fyixtaayoxP yaax^ 
18 B^a in Da^n noun pa ytaa^ya xh 
yt'in Dnvnax pa B^x-Daany^ayn nyi b^ 



13 



•noun 



(13) 



-:»i?v* wp^ yri pa lybynybans kn rv^ 
jxtxi nifrnn p'i avnx ^k jtf"inyv'-ih 
pa nyaaynas 1.8 ijnuw n« nya^yv ' (y ^ lTj 
ayi tybxayaax W ! 1X iybb;ajtfyn sh 
Erv8 &i V'" 1 ^! Jew »b;na k a>ayp'ay'"a 
kh — b3Xb ytJ»T8 ybsyia kh jysyaiyB^x 
IStfci 1 px fxnbya DWVBJ* bxn dxi ; riavi3 
.wnyn nya^bsyb x iy*P8 "3 tywwa P8 
-ya v* bynayvyaax ^ »*n b3Xb yb»na pv 
.DipT^y^yn bw p?*b jw»tk bxi jjnriyp 
-y; ixnb ra byay T8^b38b lyvya |'« i ,J in 
x px tyanxyapnvf ^i b8n Sy P8 ayn jya 
.yaaxi jybxa ayn t2>o qi%qv 
-y^> ytyp'S axn bBywya oijin I^tn' 
-yna ayi ^a lyvanxayn ra jyvaw p« |ya 
aax^> pa pw iyaxn iyrx 5"nd x •I'yB'P 
■m yt^ayna tyonyawaB baax^ya p^8 18 
-yn «h jyanavpyvs nxa ; jyaanrva p« tyB 
iyaxn pnniu P« pyB^y iny"J pa I8'a^ 
-ya »t iyaxn nyawi ^^j jB^svya b'J "t 
-xn »t .mt-mny yt2"ana kp twyn b^" 1 - 
■?« nyn pa lybynbixBvnx Baasinya nxa jya 
-nya w P8 B^pBrnnaityaas nytJ»T8 iy^ 
pa baxta^ytya nybyn^aya nyn o>a jmfiyp 

.jyana 8H 
-H8"i 8T8 tx ,iyaxbtnya taia bxn ixtx^ 
5xt jyp iyii r T*ayB "^ rK anxayn y?«p 
■«i spt bxn ny p« nayav iyi b^b jyaasBas 
.nynap pa aawny nyn & lybuya nyan 
« tb — i'BiavBa8 pa jybipya bxn ny 
px lyvavsavx B^aav^ny — *tfya ybiB yanyc 
tb lyprx BD^n a$n /'tytsaB^a,, D'^fi 1 
jypTV kh ^83 s^i -lyaaia^ ys^nyanyp 
nyu'H^ nyi T* uw ,\mww a^nya i'ya»t 
s>n d^i on ix oawyatv pi«bb> nt« n^y 
tsa^Dy^DKaiya f« chpdh n^n p« mny 
-ya D^n iya ikii .typi^ kh P« -tn^W 
ayn ^i toyp^rnyD^ lytayitaomK t^aiKT 
yny^t Dpynnya »t ]V2$r\ ,:n3o |ycana 
-^ pa tya»x nyi jynyr tD^a ^t tyo ,iynay^ 
ny^ix lyay^a lyana kh urn nt« ....ts^PB'n 
p« e»$ yaav ycn^ kh pa tyDx^a^ ayi 
Dy^^DKB ytrn^ y^y^a tyaijsn ,|ypn»s kh 
-yn nyi .lyt^rm*^ n^o Diynyjanx i^a 
,o«ii '1TK Mmaya tya^^' ^8" oiopay^ 
■^^3 0"? yaav ytrn>x Dp^'ya B$n *iy d^ 
,oy5p«iyn iv niamp lyaa^na iv (iw) Dn^o 



18D k ;Bnpcii nn pa jyn8a ,, ^P'« > "i "ya 

ix tonynya b{?n -wrtyu ;\wqw wbwi'&b 
■a^o'w"^ e^i\jfa *p? ta^n ^ytstj^ay^yn sm 
-^as 'Tyo?Knt3KtaB' lya'^'a^yp ajn ""ar jy? 
n^a a^i lyta^ayaa^ nn'K ta^n ps ova^ 
rvn pK tyaiaya ^n b^ri'D'^v nya^M ps 
■xs^ t"'t tap^'ya ta^n ova^sax .{jrtpon 
■"rib kP lybnyaisnif bn'ijiiijt^yn lytab^a 
b^n yaayb ybaynyaaM,K is "fya$' ,|yaxr yiy 
op^ya Tfc5~r v$n "iWov .iyr,8^yaix D'a dppk 
pnb^aiy b^a'b^n DnKnK»5yn tn* ,frvbo n 
bh^k ta^n ,?na pa nyn ,vain ^vi ,taa^a 
lyaaiKvvya lyvya pk vain .banpyanybais 
PB ibijjbtybavn nh ,8 , >a8' , ba8 "^a tnya ix 
)i:y? ayn nxa iiyaoaynya is ~v ^yp'b 
■avs tyvya t^k nya^yv ,Bva8^8a« .b-ip v, 5yb 
lyvya \m o»: t\s -iy'py^w' pa osynya 
-KViyba^P y^s px pvain is ^^-a^a inyr 

.fyvK yivb 
ytaa^cya lytn ~^a n^xai ph Dip^-ya 
■p'b nyn Pivs* ps (.ip .a 175) fyan^b^ya 
Diavtaas ,*iyn,"ia pv ?iv"in pk f^inb \vv 
btavba« "iy*i{<; -an^'s tyain iyvx n ,> " ,ytj>nn 
■»n iyi pK taaspya t^k iy K'V ^yaxa'ay 

.yp^bD 
b^n fiypPij!Bb , n lya^r .v:y? jytP n»a 
/'b^asb^ay,, lyn^a nyn baxaya nnyo -a k 
b5x ,iyayawb t^apa ps tayta^-ya bsh 
p« iv .iya*ba»i5 ba^a b^v -^ayaxs^y., 
jyayaa^ yi taay^a pM niaa' iyav-; n % jyvya 
.»«5 yaav yayai^Tiya pa jytaBK^ytya b»o 
ta^ytacnya B«a p« tnyaoniK oax bay^a -y 
-a^ 1»t bay^a iy ;]yb»8ya aya^^p n* va 
nynya^aiKa iyaya p« asa fyb^b p8 ly^ybB' 
an^x »a ^v jya^n b^v -kh .aa^yav^a' 
iy b^n ,B"pra«5p 8 Tfi basoya nbiyv 
ya^v ; aaian^ya ytaayia kp ty3ya :::>-]::■ 
-yr x b^b lyav^ya ny bay^a nyayn y^'ia 
« ;yvya t^n* ny .y^yrv s l^t -y-x ^yr 
-ayavi pa na»na x pk B>ayb nya^nya ^a8a 
^8bbB8 b^n iy ya^yv -baaip P8 jybBSB' 
tyvya tin ny t^s vviayb^v .bVbfcnybaw 
•aya"8 yoia ytn r8*ib ny38 -b^'bi-y; lv; 
•I8n^b iyn^v n jvvv* iy vx fybasa' 
-«ay biavbas 8m ,ayi ^8a b^x yva^.s* 
nynvain P8 ,\§inu i'avs suyik t'n* rya%s*a 
-yv ioax'bax px lyayrya r^x ^xa 5na pa 



(14) 



esjipix kh 



14 



-tisd \vvi -pa dkp':svj:k nsn d-jsdsp 
nss^nyn -iyay5 pn trn ta^ntjvyn Dsno 
-jvk 01: ^n :oyp D"2 ODisny: osn ny3s 
en: in pn nrps "a osn iv ps ly^a^otm 

.jyns^iya 
l'Dss5y:yi3 iv P^sa nyn pa ns:c?> sh 
ps Dy .ns~i: lyooayn nyn oa^naun nsn 
~iy:T3 nyB"TS nys^pyitp s fympyaoms 
-yn ps jytaD'jy^yn nn .n^cm 1 ps «pnp 
-y;Dns j^D^nyjyj in fjDtfri ny::iy:i y~iy 
-:is iy»ipy: p^s ps di3vb:k .nyD3s^ 
-y: o^n ny ps nasB^ans Dyi lypmiyn 
-nya ps .nuom ins jyrs ty&3s5ts> tyrs^ 
-3K?B>Dns nytn ps tyrn :yn »m pa *pv 
di3vd:k .jsnya 40,ooo jyoipyjiniK ::ib 

*H DliTH^aWD^K ::s: P'S PS CD^n 

.enporriva pa nmis 
pa tynsiiy: Dtfsanya nyt^a ps T^tx'' 
,fy<3si« is: tyax^y: ps ny .i'ddvim* 
1'pn:y ps ny pa ,-iytny y-iyn:s ps jyos^y 
nSBtyy: ps iy isii ,stns3D is: jyoipy: 
tpis jya^aya r^s is: ps Dsx^>y:yB .fya 
pis? usn ^yaoyt: nyn "was ;y?yt3jr pn 
lia ,p^sa osn ps jynx^nya nmis w»t 
nyn ps tyoipyaoiK jyrn y?y»a jya^yn 
-y: Din>ay:pynx jyrn y^y>a ps nas^ 
-nya ps ,tyas5pp d^s |'Dim>t::s pa lynsn 
.jyi^nyj ayynv ps tsnynx 
D13VDJK ^:yp ly^n^D WjVivpv nyn 
n"myt:3ny;:is is: ayn is: B$n Dy:sa»ay 
typn-nyujix w d»5btp jy^saya fyrs^y: 
]y::nix iv »t ps lynx yivtasiviywsp sh 
nyn p« m:n:n y^ana sh fy:ypnyix:s 
-yn nyn ,5m: tna nyn .no:yn:yvy: fye^nn: 
s?s jyiiy: t^k "iy3 c, yn -D^^yjyo 0D>jy^ 
-nyojiK h tDt?n ,ddvo3k »ii ixi^ ijn^n 
n^j -iytn3 yt^Dp^^noi^ wi pa ajipm 
nn^s toj^n d^t ,oinypnya .tonyo^py: ton 
"tMB "siJjtj t3^n iy ps t^ntaya nwri p"J8B» 
d^o i^j tn ,|w«myn»K ix t33i.Ty: j'disv 
IN^a ay-i fjnn^BDnK ryjyp ?yo eyyi t5«im 
n^«3 .jysna kh o^o tjrr»^D»DK iv tyi\s 
"iy3^r3yp ly^ynttt? k d'hk t^k Dyi3^^ 
DDjyn _ Dyt3^ nyt^^na nyi d^-i ^nyayn 
tyT'S ikii ,DiDyai« lynyn »in*BW3«K 5$r 
■'K 8H iyo D^n BHp»rrrp3 p« .^n jyraya 
cxj ty^^na niv iyjH iv ty^naya jyi 



,iy«u'K ys^iyanyp pa d^ |y^nn: nyi 
yiy^T Diy^aya jya^n \vi^i kh jyn 

•ty^y^-Fiaoxp 
iyijnii'aj"K p« ly^nynD^ ytn ^in 
« ps mja n^^n* disd^ kh pk I^T« , pa 
•ina«p lyi^nyj Binypyaiya^K ^ib'o |yviip 
k^i /DDvdjs im-ns ayi n«a oaiia «h 

■wnyDJsp kh dsi ,Dn.u n?x lyi^nyj 
y»ony?ya «ni jyny: tyj^r jyi^ yiro 
■yj i«ntD v:ypy: w: isa jyasn ps 
ytrp»nsay-i yiyn dsii ,n^yo nn \y: 
.Diipayaj^K tyasn nynna 
is: .o:pttfyMy:i istk> dsh -l^s , »m 
■yj jyouyjiv dh^n pa njina kh t»k oyi 
yasJ kh i^j pk nyn tD^o is: .finsn 
-y3iya t: 1 : jyn^s yivtasmyojsP kh pa 
"lyniia s d'idio tun pyo^ .jyns^y: ^*iya 
t^s ,Dss^y:yo tj>'3n: ps ,v:in iyos: I'o'o 
s ti'D iy:srs^ pa jyisiiy^ BP^W ?so« 
sn Dxuyn Bsn n^B> nyn .:>:yp nix nin^B' 
-y: l'Diaveis osn ny .p^s in n^a nm^^ 
,n:in3 sn iy3y:ivny3^s p»5« nms [y^y3 
300 d>o jy^yn^ix nn^s nyii ny y3^yn n^3 
-d:s -ists 1 n^s nnyo ny"0E> tya^i lypita^ 
esn Dss^y:yo ps c:^my::^s D^n obr 
.n:m3 kh jy:npy:rns 
n:ina nyn o^d ^yn:sn lys^^^as nyi 
lis ,iyt)D>:y5yn sh top:y-ipy: pist:^ &sn 
■pnn is ,s 3 lyta^sny: nssn « "'is: ^sn Dy 
an "iyas t^sn iy .t'Dss?y:yo iy:y: i:sn^ 
in tosn ny .ivnyn }yoip ^st Dy jyrs^y: 
tosn ps tD3SD _ D:ynp yv:s: s t:as^y:: n s 
nyn ,isrs> -n^sn: d^d lyo^xny: n:in3 sh 
■iyas^:y t^s ,5n: fn3 ly^-nyn-na 
p^s .^:yD:is ts jyiiya t^s Dss^y:yo 
iy ps ,B"n:yTyii3K oy'Disvoas ps ,^s» 
sh iy3y*n yos^JK is: lyisiw jyany: 
ny .n:i.n3 sn n^a ly^B' r^t pa ::in^-iy3 
■jf«no y^s pa trnpon n^a ayn wnya t:sn 
in ny csn n^t: nypn d>o ps jyssr yi 
ny3^yii -t'DSP^S'n^ »a t:^y3^»^y:: ,, s 
nyn pa D^n:yTyiias nyi ps tny^yi uxn 
-y:as IP t^sn dsp^syuk jypn B'o -^:yp 
lya^nny nyi tyDnnta |yrs^ ^s^ *iy ,&3kb 
■vt3:s 15/11 .5na tn3 tyamynna nyn ,v:in 
T:ymyn pm ps pmx tyoipy: t^s dis 



15 



•riDun 



(15) 



pK w«»5m ny"t tyanKinvpyiiK iyan*na"K 
-nsa d5k ,ny tk ,1'iTJino pa Dnyisaya esn 
nyemy nyi ^>kt ,yna»Dya nyi pa *>ynj/i35J' 
"Oiyifj nmne e«n ,mt miay kh ryenyaaa 
jya^aya Dsn ,"iyp^ya.y^N l^aK tynn« :enya 
,nyt"p ayn pa eaKtnyn kh nyeaiK vt 
,VK ?yn ,naieK yny"t fyayaanK jyftni 
iya"5a n.*P nyDDynp p« nynna ,fnn ya^e 
lyaaKayaiv pk tk t"K ."nynyraiK "2 eDya 
-an« ensn esn jyo BDftm ,naro ayn iv 
imp k pn anpo e^iiy; ean pk ,e^>ye^ya 
tidw nmne nrp« e«n ,DiKyx esaaK niv 
inn yrn ryasn B"x nya^yt iyi pk .eye 
jyeaKevnK y^n e^e i'd^wh tDy'ann'ya 
.na?e ayn lyasnmi? UQ*n 
-ana is iv s&MiPD x {yiiyj pk osn 
-ya e$n nmne .iktb ayn jyaya nase^ 
nyn nya>K lyan^ivoviK jyannyaaK nanw 
,e"5 yam* yts^n^yn tyanwyoKm enKeK> 
eKn oy kpi .tnynnya aaatf e^a esn ay p« 
.jjrpK y^n^yn nane k ijq^mhb'UW T* 
dik .mira kh P« ppvib " t ni ° T>x nmne 
IPO«naww T* ty^nyn yayansaiya pa eisn 
,3'enys jynya iya>n »» |yn .nenfa nyn iv 
,enyetr kh pk jyonyarnK n,n «? fyasn 
ytp'ana sh pa ty^aeye ton enyetyiv tyasn 
dsii ,fjn»K kh ea$neB>yn jyasn rnyeyaasJ 
-*n pk w»a*»5jn ny"t pa ty^ayaaK ?yrn 
Wph lW"t ya^yn »kh enyeaioyaanK iya 

.ine jya^aya 
•ana nyn Kni ,ayn i$: owin ya^ey 
-ya nmne pk ^yajpayaanK pk nase^ 
ny e«n ene pn nxa .(np.fi 166) lymsbfc' 
lyaya *iaeKp q« enyeaieyaa^K pn yrn 
-'lis a , : ,,, 'x vt iv iyeyny: «t efc?n p« wv 
iy^H5>yn ayn ee^e^ya ej?n ny -nn jy^ 
inn w^v \"t p« iKeoaynp d^x nnm> 
nnyt e^n n:ao nnin^ .nynyrneK-i d^x pyer 
s «ni a^neie .nen^e nyn iv eaneya eia 
,yyeiN nytrn^D nyn ;y:y: Dnns ny p« n"p 
pa ynase^p nyn nyeais lynya t^ v^V^ 



■&y: tye e»n nyeny y^ra pn pn Dixyv 
yayny^nya kh iv mnare ly^ye^anx jyr 
-dv p« roK' nt^e .nyeya yt^anj ynyn:x 
nnn nyn pK min kh iy:y , n^ riyo'n mo 
"'« ayn lyjyn iv iy::i?oKTnya lyase pa 
nye^K lye^mya jynya jyrn e^: iy^n 
■n^e nyn pa lye^ms D^n Ta .n^neyenne 
I'd'd e^nsxyn jyo esn rytya fyB»TK jye^ 
■yaeiR lyrn onyp:yn v^^jVP kh -tyay? 
jya^n p« nyanyn ps enyet^ nya^x iyj:»sa 
]^] iv anpe jyi^K ya^p^jais kh en:y; 
.iyey:a^ kh iv mamp 
,iyj"T mntan yan^na yrn ay^-v 
-yn nyn pa jy^ayans fyi'K y^y'a ,nes 
nn «n e^n ynynas y^y^a ^a *iya^ -f^a^ 
-ya nn lynsn yaase .epnsBBnya lyayasn 
■a^pjrw nyn e^e jyaaynaeis tyr^pya iyo 
nyn e^e nn lyn^t^ iv nyn^x enne tyes 
*sn ,p^e^> -ntN .pyis^y ynyn pa i^a^yn 
nye^8 lyanny 1 a^a^a k tyaa^aya ^t jya 
•nna y^H'K k pk "iry^s lye^a r'e^e iste 
-eiK lyr^^ya e$n ya^yn ,nan lye^a t'e^e 
t"tta'¥3"K nynrp jyayn ynn^K y^x ryaayia 
n,n n.nx ayna^a pk lyanx ynm« nsa 
■ye n 1 ^ tas^n e^voaypyna' nyrn p« .p^s 
t'k ny pk lyayrpjK pn lyaiay; DKK?y: 
.enne lya^pyn^ k iv lynsnya eace'iya 
-jia?Kanya yan^pyn^ ytn pa rye^e pK 
-yn ytrn?yn apyr fyase^yaanK tya^t jya 
pa nnatre k iv eiyny; jyasn "t .nya 
lyaya pyenye^ k ,(pnse) n^yme p« a^na 
ytj»TK D^n eiyeaieny lya^n »t .b'JwT 
nase^a^K is enn^KaiK lyasn p« p^sa 
DianeaK lie eaK^iyn ycaK^e kh ryaya 
k pa fyaKetrya t>k nnace vvi .oyaKB^sy 
-y^ esn nyesa nyn .;nn nra pk nyetja 
e^n nna^'e yvaKa kh pk nnnne rya^n 
(n'K3i»t}>n)|»ny3tpD8n» iyeK^ ^v^ fya«n»ya 
(* .(an:ae) "nyyaKPKe,, n'^ % P« 
pk oy^yaK ?Kiyaya nycn-'D ^v~ d^k 
ycH^K kh jyena iv nn;me |"P iyeipya 



minno 11fi nnn-'^Ni kh t^x ,"'2=o„ »»Kyi eeip (DW30B>n) iyyaet5D«n i^x: i?n(* 

T>N "IMB^ TN ,VX T\';i *\yil* ]» AW ]2 |H3 (6 .12 m ,ni^Xp«0) |'01»«Mta Dl»yT»l 1*3 

yatyu ,nmi o^«a iitaa 'e pa man 'tt»»i N'l -ya ^«n lya^yn ,iyi'u-iy»^y -x piyu rs 

-j?;bmk lyi-^ tyam ,aan^ iyo rhi ,iytaiyn typya oy*i tyayn rCje^n) "l*fOC)«n„ jyo^n 

,in»B iyjD»p»B kh «|nn lyinof -aynp« n^anynyj 2:inr;a:»v i ,iyj»«pR«3. 



(16) 



■oanprx an 



w 



5>*ny:y:i lyDDy-iJ pn np^'y; \m asp Diar 
pa -yyois nyjyn^pyjDnx jk b'b d\pv$ 
y^n^yn y^n t^o min 1 nya^ ,jko 65,ooo 
jyoma jytn twnya vw lyasn lytasn^D 
~i$a pk nya^yn mmSw "lyrn ^a: -ivwnp 
■ya Tt dxh nwn'a dis oyi px tyoipy: 
.tisoKp iyn tDJHjy 
cyn pa ma tn^iiyj ps im? Dip fyii 
ix aa^a x ra tyttfsnyj rnirr &$n ,iuw 
d^x .BnpDfrjvn lytaj'j'njiNiya nyn fyrj^n 
l"p jyDipyj tyrn nyaayruK jij»i b'd iy 
"i.ya px nyy^> lyjiayj.isn tyaxn px d^btp 
uiypyi vi: vt »t jyn^n ,»p;i ana iyopxn 
nh pa *i5»n iyi tro .|y:pm pa lyt^xn^x 
Dan ^yaoytD ayi wasoyj pn ny toxn n'jrp 
a#tt iyo25 ayi px ,D^a yvj jyaxa iyTx^ya 
ajwnayn nyi pa in^ oyn px tfoa pa 
ayn lyDma nyi maa5 ny ld^h dp .a 16-1) 
.enporwa ayn pa aaiKVjya kh my^ay^ 
yxjtu n a 1 j n B^Kjnayn px conn d$vi 

.ays tans 



-ya yyoriK.yn asn iy .dx;ox>xsx £k"»?JW 
-x^nya fyay^> pn nxn dx^x^xsk pa ,D:iyn 
Djynyn mirp tatjn ayi ^xj p»x ysrnp x .jyi 
owtnyD .pn Jva px DxjxnyD turfym ayi 
-ya Dy'a-iniya \yi"i lyn^D Diy-mn sax px 
.jya^bjy tyrn yanrpx k*h px jyiqftt 
nynna dxpi -lyrtfyn ,byjKa*sy Diarbax 
px ix-vi^xiiyn y.B»T»K xn tx pa^pya r^- 
px jyoipyjj'ns Dsy px ^y^a^-iy-^p x 
-dpx ^xajp'x tybx^yn &xn px pxy p;ri* 
is ppwyaDTix ogn "iy -tyTK y5>« (ybijrnx; 
-jix lyaxn^xD ijypitD a^iya x iiB.yypnk 
iy;yj toxn uao nnrr 1 .d^jiw ^nyjya nyo 
tanyiJin ya^vw fi^ osnyj yyv^x lyrn 
ny axn t3ax^ p« o>ns n« iy im"« .jxd 
-yjjyosTiv u^^-Djynp y^ya^n y:^^p Dip 
»t .DiyDJioyaanx in px navo p« fyan 
"^n ?jn jyasn p« rnoto nnyr iyny; ;yrn 
Tin .ww ayn ly^yj i^ntsya tx^ k u*h 
■'K.aasnw ^^njy min' tosn p*t3pjso yai5p 
■djn .yyons lyD^ina pn t3>o t'D^nxyj iya 



.Dnon D^X^S'p^ 



(n:s5Dn pa op^yais) 



,Uiyi£tt*1^ TN 2NH JiN 1 ? 'JO SJID DVi 

Iqskh btanrpna n — n^ toTia n tn 

:iyty^yj tn a«n "oDysuxa,, ^y^j? 1 ? pn 
Ibp'^iy in^p BnpD'i'iJ pn inj 53'i^s^a aijn ? 3 
.iytjm oysj«j ]in ^y3» u?jjmy^in axn'i^ 

nbi iy*i BD^ni lyin's x iks tn 
ho cnt «in« jysKB bs^n tjin "3 



,Nnn p'D — iyj»nBiBDn*u ,n« — va nnsiyc- 

— ,f'miB DNT TIB T« — ,inyt JHJH I'3 r 3 

:iyBi3jM3-in i=n ma -xi bt»s h inj 

,]yn»n-nyB^ P"n -is n?ya n 

.lya'pya ntrn'3 BD«n ' ",»»^pvj "!?$»,, 

:ui'N*iys jynyj b:»»n t»a pa t« 

.BSKiaya intb n ins in atjn'a 



,vsyp lyans i^a ,ipjj?t in piNT tk 
ini is — lyiNiJiDjysiyn ty<s pn ins 

J»3i»»"N IN; B'3 VI B'B pa "'N 

hxs nynis ,annnia m;a 



"nyj'KBaN TMKpiJ,, 1J?B^J1S j'lyBJIN (* 

-bivry* b"bdi 1^6*1 n iynyj 'x'jwpo -in:; t'n- 



j^^s nya^ais p« pwrps 



B^yiay: 1^38 pic? jyoD^ii "T3i8„ "a T8 
ay jyii /jy^taiKS yiyj]8 b*b D'bsisbsp 8 
ytyaa^^sa h» nyas ,B:ntfya T* B5$n 
?8 ,fy"B*i8S VjV nrs jyD38iy3 "D-iyBi8ii 
ty^yii ,d>bipbbbp 8 lyiixna n^J TB8? 
nyu yiynaK b^b .tyB38-iy3 tik tjtn "»t#, 
"'}5b3„ "iyi pa "na jy^n p^K "tb« ,nytD 
-via 8h b^b3 kh« "/B^pB^nwajji iy- M 
■*mi yB"DD^K»ifijtD n r"»t» jyj^t ",Dyp8B 
a^n vk ?D'iK "iya$ d$i b3bq d^ii .D*iya 
jyii -Dnyiyj B'3 T'^ynya ny:"p pa w 
b»ii $b ,yss"Bp8iB \"-\ b pk y;Bia bh 
-38n Dfcjsni ayjy 1 "iyB38iya„ is jjn jyo bbh 
nyo'K bbip a]iD3B"iya ?B"Bp8naJiB B^y- 
.ynjn: ytJ"?K"i$o p,a 
v~mi:k 18a Biyi pnijia^D nyBano 
■b^k'sbd "iyi p« lyttD^^rva kh .T-n 
-y3B8 tW"t w B5"X"iyn ,"bibb "wb 
jya^ lypniSDns k"iib tyajjtn lis iyPB"i"> 
V1N pa tb tb bj"b ny ".lyp^H »t b$h 
bbip nyanyn pb "bibb nyi pa "lyaayB 8 
a«n v* tb *p5tbbj nsa wk b.tb »a ?y 
yaayiBP is pb Dy y35yii tb b*iib>, vi8 
D^n) D.TK ?8T ty» |y^^n^a Byu fi^vpya 
"•lya^a^B (tb iy b:^b 
i8ii "bins ]"P ix b*3 nya$ aaitfya T8 
dsii fyaB jy-pmsa^B fya^n b*iib *n»n »b 
Bia Biyn P8 aaipiyoya h iya« .bpj"i ,% : 

.jyBDsiBya is 
■rns mn p8 ''11 nT8 P8 "'iyD^tJ>D ,, iB„ 
8 dbh ya8iD^ y^Dayn bh pb dbi .?W"5 
tyjy5 , a , >ii8 jyp BSB^ytya 8 nynB n;83iya 
-yDB^KWiB nyn ."ly^B 8 ijnrrK *pib 
lyTB^my 18 d^8 ByBasnBya B*iyu ny: 
Bay^yaamK "i8J Biyn ya8iB^ 8tn .B>jyB 
nynoyo 8 jyii ..jyayimya lyiynr 8 18a 
isanyi ,b»bp«ib31k oJjnaBnw i^j u^n 
nya p^p p« ,BB8^ytya \"p v* iy^ Byiv 
-jyi" &} '••1T8 nyaayB 8 B^yii nyn p8 n:8a 
-y^83 a v Ban B^n pnjja«5D |yn -8^8 -tyi 




s "a "in^sn lyB^sn T 
tjkp 5»8{yjyTfTyia 
-i8anyn t^8 cy ,p s 3 
-ya w b^x yBayi n 
h T'8 D811 ly^axnu 
183 p^B^82 yrBan 
yDD85'P"*iyB ,,, an8 n 

p8 B132 tyOD^K'V^D H 182 p8 ^33 

•spnyos 

oyn B38ny: t>8 38n lynn^ 1 8 ixa 
nyn "a jyc^B^ y^^BD^^^'^D h pa patpn 
•iyB3i« h .Dynjj^P t'"i8a i^^'py^y nyBxy? 
tyBipyjD'is P8 patsri nyi pa mw yo3 
_ 8pnyB8 h pa yp^BpsiD ya^BJ^n n ty^yj 
onaaya^a P8 ,iy^B"i8S yti^BD^s^^a ~w) 
td rona n8a |yjiaya jya^n pnjja^o i'8 
■ya jya«n "t y3?yn jy:8ia h .piyaBay w 
8n ^11 "^^ p8 roam inyt jy^n Binn 
.aaij^B t^B ?yny^P"iy ^?b>h 
ny:y p 1 ^ p8 Biysy^yao 1 ^ a^n "^8 
|yB?8ii 1902 Pa Bi8ii nvi d^o t8 ,^yp'B*i8 
iyn ,r»n 8 tyasri Bjypya fyBD^s^^a n 
,1904 px Baynnyia fynyii cyupy^y ^8* ay 
y'-i^3„ y:nt8 jynya w: \v^v\ »t jyv 
pip pa jais area jy^n »t d$i r'TUBCJ 
•^8 T8 bj"d D^iajyaiia .\vivn b^ t¥^va 

'D^8^8D 8H 3811 18a 3*03^ B'J rU/BBHSa 

-J8 b^b dib8*isb8P \v~yi ?yaya jya^j |yB 
-8a pB 8 ayr-iv b'; T'say ."jyiBisa yijn 
■^8 h m rB ,,, pB' , ny3a8 y"**'pt:a ytj^B83 
■na nvi pua nyi pa nnon yayanBiya 

.iy B38T ,V1W yB»Bp81S D»1H 183 /'P8B- 

"iyB»BP8*iB„ nyn p8 d^ii txnyn 1^85 
:f8 B s 3 ny fy35yii -nans 
■si^nay "^r tyn:yn D8ii anyBisn «h» 
h is aji038iya DM8 d^i lyifiB ,t:\s is 

P^8 T>B |yil p8 ,|y^D183 y^BD^SB^SP 

|yiiyD , »B8iBB8P ly^BiKB ywi b'b fy^yn 
T318 DnyBi8H yiyt3i8 jy^yn ;}B18 8t8 ^'18 
?D8i tsa^n yB>TD8ii ".jyB3«iya i it8 yn8i3 



(18) 



tasaiptx k-h 



jyaya wttfwm 8 lyniayaas Bsn Werfp 
-ya D$n ya^yn jytfip 18'vpyD h wptvb 
-ya "SjHSnyBD^wa tDj#n as^tsnsa ayi bbke 
"inyaiR "ixa aatfiaxn D'fKionyn taytaax-iD 
ya*»3'ii xt8 Donyaisa nyaSyii tx» 8 -V' 
"i8B D*a *yn taaij^ "d-ixb x pa aatfyota 1 
18a ayi "ixa ynastj* &*» [ya'nmi'D'r.x 
*iyn .ty'ttpR-iBaiK ttfyiasnya ta^n *iy Djjni 
I .s .? .d nyi jyayn pw tnyi 
lyD^trixD^iK as^tJHSB nyn D$n d8~i 
D^xBay-iy' px rjy^RByaain pk iWBonyn 
•»a dku. id'd nytaia 8 pk Dy .DntJ>B"i8a x 
•y^'tapx-ia x *pir yaxia n La^ytttj' nnaaya 
ix nyanyi ij?j t* D^yiaxn oy jyn :*y"TKa 

jy» jyp ID ,B'J IX ,B*iBpKlB PK 't#B>Trfi 

8 iv jymp *i*j*bk 18a jy^yn td tx fyssn 

.aaianaytaBnya 
tb BD"n djjii'i :*yay*iB tb^ ,DDiyiv 
-sjid x *ya?yii D'o 5ytD*o x px Dy ?*r$K*T 
■wr* ty"on«s yiaytmyn n twam* oyon 
px ,jy3NT yt^np p8 yo^E* 8 iyny; iv vin 
DRDayp n.i ta^tao 8 p» fyu ?n5iy tx D8* 
-nxa pa p^d pa taytans'sia h Bny»B>Ka 
kh pa fyDiya yvaxa x w: i^bk px onyo 
■«t n pa PR WEnstats* iyrn nyanxiia^x 
-n«ii jyn »? iy?st nyca-iR y^x ta^a tir jya 
pyn tayn yDx^P nycaiK n |ya8ii pa tyta 
-ya jyp Dy ?d"dd oyay* px taytansiRD 8 
jyn "t jy^r yp^min PR /ins*- aivBia jyo 
d^i yvyrya ya?yii nayamR irt8 fyeipD'-iK 
"a iyay^ pr nairya iy«r fyv^ya ty^8* 
tp n jypayn^«a jy^T d^ii ,&iia*iR -y- 
-i« ytaDiKiiyaayos^p d^t t^n* ?B^an« ~iyi 

? p»tD^ijtBnyt3"3 
nytan^ro h tx tra t)D«n f^tpa 
ynayB'nyn h ix iyn>t:tr ynn>K pyiiK tapay^ 
ttyttn$a^n h BDipya f^tra ^in .ty^eiKB 
-yionxQ yaya^K ynn^K pa 5n$x yD^iiya s 
-ana "iyn i«n lyiw 1 ? isisa jya^n Dy .Diyta 
-as pifij> pk aaiDynonyB-DDytDn^a^o pa B'S 
^yBB">a div /jyii wwi ayn pa taaypiy 
jyonyn^ a^D^m pa 5nnw « n^a uehp Dy 
p^n nytDoa^D^m p^ tt$n id ,di^d^ x p« 
IK Byoipya iv DDyn d^i onytDiKii y?s p:a' 
■^d 'ii DiKDf s p« .lyoiyi^ oyaya^N 
11 t DiymKii y^s pa ?yDDpyi n* i«ti ,ipj>v.i 
Dsi tasnya »t jyD^n ,iyDD^vS^*«D jya 



tk ,d^t DyDnnya sd ,"dikb pn D'^yoc 
B'j tDyoDKnoya Diyn i^^rva jyayn \yvi 
.QKiivz d^k nija n"i y^nsa d^s p^a 
?jyant3nyai« pi$a$?D dsh Da«?yia 
pk nyn isa fnKsnan in i»a d^i pn ib^bk 
k d>o .jyDpNB to jyasn Tnxi ?oaynya 
iBtj'aiiN jypsasn pk p« pnw ins' in3 
ibdi?«ixsd s lyisnya D^nyinynyTii jpb 

"ID 'SIISI'O 8) DiB »m 118 D'DD^^r iyj' 

,T % DD8i -ny ph ^so tyDDiy nvi .(nn 
8 Ti8 i8^8anyaia pa fyisnya oybJMBK 
jyiiyaas t n 8 ny 8m ayiD^a .*>8?a tyt)a8P8ii 
pa lyi^iiya Daynxa nt8 iy pk vmyv pn 
-8oyi?8iX8D n jyii d^t riyai-i8iiai'8 y^8 
D^yo^yas'iK dptk d^h "isikb y^'Dxip 
*8 ,*yBKips»yn h *8 *yar#n ,D8ina8P d?8 
.D^yD^yaa'ix T18 dh'k nyasp^aiayi ran 
-Nnp8oyi^N v v8D nyt pa aas^nya Dyn tix 
■»5* H p8 Diy^piy iy D^n ^dinb ly^'D 
*a8P d^8 1%) Tf DyDax^Dya ny tn ,jyaaiia 
"i8B ny , i' , D8-iP8oy-i^ ,, V8D nyi pa dxvi 
p8 j8K*n*B vp pa ,D , oxiaD8P p»p pa .«d 
pip 8^8 t s 8 Di8 k i Iia pr jyai?aii«iiya nyn 
nya8 I8^py^y nyT isa .jynya D*a yryi 
^8* iy onyn^ayaBiiK on'8 »tnRB «h dxh 
D8T DaxTDay Tt D8n ny .dox P'T iyraany-i 
d^8 DyDaxiDya tt D8n ny 5»n ,*8ntD w 
tia p5$a ty^axa ayi pa f8»DayiitD-iya x 

"D18B H DH*X D8H "IXBiyi -DpnDDH p'T 

ta'a 18B "^n 8» :op"n d^i f jyD8?B*yaDii8 
."anil D-iyp*p oyi Ti8 iy^xa 
i» iv mail 8 tyiira &*a 8^ ^'ii T* 
DT'a n„ :D«a iv ,|r#no mtx Danxnya ojjn 
-ayty' ",Daynya pk db^o pn px oayiya 
.11B18B nyi pa DpaiataxD^ ayi pa d^83 
iyi T'x D8ii rynyaiyn iv i8a mt tk 
.-"■•Dixa ny-i pa Dpaia-iaxD^ 
38?b*"i8b iyi pk ^yatjuia nyiasas 
iikh aKtyrn *i*3*ikb ny-t pa tyDi?B*iVQiiK 
PK Day-pry-ia-D^ii ikb DKTiaxp ayi ,fnp 
DDyiaa8P iy5xa8 , v8aiyDa , 8 div ortfiy^jn 
,nyi px tyaxDtj'ya t*k n^iB* pn ,p*ikb px 
px nynniBJK eenn iyi ryiiya pk ny C8-1 
px ntriRB nytanaiR iyi tain '^B*n»fi ijn 
-ya taasoya r*x ax^i8a iyi •x , a-i8a , ^xp 
jkb*tiib h '11 ny-i 18a D"S x pig* jyixr 
y^xa8 , vxa h m ayi f|«3 ,tyaiayaD8Dtr e»n 



19 



.piBf^a njna«3i8 jik jkdtpb 



(19) 



jy^ia 8 jy^yD^DmN jy^r "t iyDD'?8»s*p 
-jyinyns d^d Dyp^D tyBUDRnpsoytfK'ssD 

-yj PK f8B>"P:KnS - D"DD 8 .DltfDPjtfjr^RSP 

-8"pi:8P dt:'»8: D8n *d ,iyisuy:i iy3KB> 
pw ,D:yrTyns 183 lys^^y: pk Dayi ,jyD 
h D^n8sy3 D»n "Di83 ny:8p^aiBy*i h 
ayn pa oayn tD^n /^vds: -DyDjysDpy 
■»t x "iyas P8 d$i ,DDi8iiy: d»: Dtp'ns: 
st ?k ,p'k n^yo nyi pa ~\P'V nyi .^kt yrD 
DnyDBHKB d$ii ,dd^ksj>sd 8 aav "iy:^P 
yfe>a*>n 8 jy38D 5sd 8 jyp oyapa 5yp'D£> 8 
-sd "-lya^D'oiriBDSpaiN,, Tin i«^i 183 
lyDD^sntsD n tyu .p»o»5^ByB^eD^K»» 

">B^8B H 1KB P8 ,DDMD18 H31D H TVltD 

.Dayi ^kiuk D:ytr 

paiyi fy^yii Tpna y^DDon^K y:^o 
is d»j is?: nya^a pk oy T8 jyo^j? "ispbk 
,1: .pn DjyDDrrm jyo D3"53 ,fyDiKii 
-x^yn pn .o»a ppiya pp ^8: T18 dip pk 
-iy:8p5aiayi ayi pa oiy^n h tyasn iyii 
jw»mp»Bin "tfy: D^n^sy: dphs iy5nia 
■jn H "ikb jya'Dtp jy^sr "t d*: ,Diy»"iKB 
jy^sr »t is: fP'J 8 »tytD8T>i:8P "lyasp^aia 
.D"n nyn p8 jysn jya^a iscrpyty iyn "3 

DD'DP rO»J BD'BP -8' BD^OB' -8^8 

nyis rtwnnaisp fycDD^sD'asp 8 "i8a 
D8n nn^8 — ,d8Th:»p ny:y:"« ny^K i«a 
-yi 8 ji8 tD«np»Dyi 8 pwiis mna 8 is: 
uyupy'iy no »t pa ny:"8 ps lyasp^aia 
K< ippk D»n i*a*tva Tin ,Diypnya .jynyii 
,D:ytoDiy .j8B>py5y iyi ps jy:8T is dsii 
■"« yiy"8 pa 5nss yDPiy: 8 nn»n eaynp 
p« .uvwy^v lyiyn dj^ti rtyo8*iH:8p y:y: 
y-iyt:8 n iyoyii nyi 8 in»n dsh ,D:yD"iis 
tins o«t in^8 pa ly^ytocanN ^8T "onna 
.oyp'ta nyjyr^ nn^ 

"lis n83 &8n t8 , :v D:yr^'D kh }yii 
h b>o pism: p8 t^tva D38oy: ty^^8 , 
■oniK i8^v oyjT^^D h D8n r"iy:8pj5>aiayi 
183 dkih:8P ny:y:"K "in"8 B^ytDt^y: 
4 o>o iya8n iy:8P^ai3y-i h jya^yii ris^n 
8H i^3x p.« ;DT , P8iay:D i i8 lynna inn 1 
■yn ^^^oiysycn,, iyn pa DnyDpyo"?::^ 
dyany: t>t fya^n »t m iyi8) " 1 dn*ip8^ 
•>wq pa ^n»B»n 8 jy^ipya ^^8 tW8n 



Dpyr v~\v pa ny:"« lySiyiny is aayn 
nyDD^D ~iy:8pny»8 nyi iyt::i8 .D:yoiyi^8 
jy^s:'^ t^p »t \vw iya8 D:8ypy^y pa 
lytDD^^ssD 8H iyD^8ii isB'tva ^in .D': 
n pa yiyi:8 H iyi8 y: 1 ^ iy:rns B:ypy.i 
s ly^ytsB'isa^K jy , D"i8B y^ , DD^8o , 38P 
,jyt:8TH:8P ytr , t2D^8 , S8D ^n»s yoniy: 
,8t^8 .tyi8iiy: tD^nymy I8T ty^sii v^w 
nyiD^aiK nyi ^8n isB'tra "^nn T8 pn iy- 
-aisyi 8 pa fyos^y: lynyii is rnna h ns: 
lyiyn is oy^ipy: iyn8 ^ny^ *iy:xP^ 
D8 -iy::i^y: b s : t^«— ,iyB"tDKnp»Dyn 8 pa 
Tin T8 P18' ^: P8 lynyry: pi^ i^ fyasn 
nya 8 v* js^jv Dyar^^D iyi b^d I8^rra 
■y: tDyopy^y 1901 p« d:^:v pa nytDyio 
WW? i8a fyisn 
,nyt3n8: , » "iy~t p8 t>8 ^dikb 8 ::8^8T 
fya^yn 18: lyo^ lyo^c yin'8 d^d n jyp 
yDm: "lis h pa iy*iyn:s nyi iyi8 wk 
■:«P y:y:^8 d^iir D^ytJtj' n jyn :iy^D-)83 
iy:"« pa jyo^^ pyii8 "t jyn^s rjyiDSTn 
Vin*n P8 ,"^i83 *iynyn:s nyn pB iy~8 
18: B^yBB' »t jyii .5»riKii h tin^oai? Diyn 
-1811 yirpK p8 oniK B': iyD8"in:xP f"P 
cp:i3 Dy t^8 ,D"n iyi p« jya"5»3 Diyta 
"'Dtp yiri'K ty38 pyiix t:^ n }yn »n »itk 
h .tt8"p-i:8P nyw n8s nyi8 oyi 183 \yv 
D38 inyt • , i:y: r:s: Dy jyo^n DjyB^D^sa 
■h:8P "y:: , :: ,, na8:i8„ pvaa "t tyi , :^8: 
-:y: nyi pa DDi8ii jyn>sis38 na rfyDin 
-:i8„ j8 d'd T8 d<: d:"d .^Dn83 lytpnyj 
oy^'ap'p jy» |yp ""dikb -wt^d^^^p 

:iya8D D 1 : 
T's oy n,t« s n yDB'tpy: n ps 5yBB>"a 8 
- , D8iP8ayi?8'S8D n ty~i8iiy: dtp:s:"!S 
p« 8pD8-iay: d^dd ayi p« "D183 ya> 
nyn pa yD , »8PD ,, DD h D8n nyn |y:yn -1900 
-183 KpDtnay: P3 ,,, 'D-i83 -lycDD^x-v.vr 
nyn "a .;yDp83 yD:sDjnyo:'K Da^D:ysy 
-1383 h P8 p'3D8P ^w^ynnyiB jyDsy? 
yD"iis 8H jyny: ^ "D183 ytP'DD^ 

TN D8H R'T .«PDKiay: pH "D-183 

D8«i iy P« D:yiryi3 183 }y:yn3 dtdbi 
.d^dd nyn tyrny: is tyD:8B>D yDi: uxny: 
,D"dd oy:y:^8 \"i pN \y:^ii' is en's ni8 
ya^Dy |y::ny: iy:Kp^aiByi 8 ,_ i jyasn 



(20) 



BWIplX KH 



20 



-ya-onxayi x Diyii oy jyu tx nya^ayn t^a 
-d^x^xd iyn pa ddixh bx jy^KB ,aauyii 
IKS tysx^ya px TJx£>n |yn .himkb iy&»& 
1KB bbtusp iyi asn ,x"ix pa nxaiynxa 
n Dpais jyoipya .a .5 .d nyi pa iifnyusa 
-naxp yanya^x n dsm ddixh h pa Da^yn 
-j#n tayp^D ty^BD'^vsD ayn nnx jyDxi 
BB^yn s tx ^xn dxi ttD"n rtyjpwya |ya 
nxa lyttfsyi DiyDixn wbd^k»5«jid h pa 
.b .5" .d h tyn tyayaxi vsnyi d*j tats": 
.Tastm .no a^D isspvs Dasmya ttfsn 
PB Diy-i ^o fyvi |"fl wxa taaa^p Dy 
XT px "^yiaxmp,, ",DnyDixn fyiyaxanyB,, 
"isa Dy oj'sya »dikb k iyas jyu .nyta^v, 
pa jyDxinaxp n ly^Dtnyaaix ra "v^a 
yasmK n Diy^>piy px "onxa iyia«aK 
1KB ^lyt^tDsao'D px fyoxaya yirpx nxa 
nyn "a ?"tyiyaKB>iKB„ jyD^n oy S$t dj^ii 
-ya ix^p rx p'aesp ^x^ayinyna nyBxy? 
■>^p-pKB nynyiiDay tx lyny^x nxa jyn 
Bsn Dy .jyiyn toyapy^y tid |K"ia lynx 
DiBT^xnyao^x din D^xsyi BSyusnyji v< 
pis? \vn esmn iyD^x .dibpikb^b px 
-»d lyaxpnyBK iyi px (ynyBBnxa vt ix 
DiBTnxB^B iyi tx yoyna ny^DD^x''* 
tyn -yDx^P nyB^aix h nxa nnxaya x rx 

1KB B^XVl "BIXB ytP'BD^K^XD H XT^X 

-Dp^a n tx p^a nyi Diy^pny nnnijP »yi 
ByDpy^y 5$t fK"ia jyaax^iyB tyoyiyDa^x 
"jynyax^ixa,, jyo^nya dxi b^xii ,jyiyn 

?DD1XH n 

-pjxna px tyBipyaisa px Dya^any 
n ^nxinyBaymyia iyB*y5 lyi s >a *pn 
-^nyaTaa"5p ,yatf "iytj»yiv jynya px Sntw 
BKTiaxP nvi ,jya^yB px ,BXTiaxP fya 
"k<vkd h .ynasa nyB^BDnytD^iD nyn pa 
tyiD'ttts' J^nays n^a n tasnya lya^n jytDD^ 
■ya jyD^^n »n .(*jJi^8nyB^n8ii nyi px 
;B«nHJBp oyaya^N jk ly^yts^anx Diyp 
yp^p yB»OD»DiB»nT»t3a8 n D^n ^insi 
■N'SBD H iya^ .Daynnyna ny«j Dycpy^y 
■''Dp^i^di^ n ^yas^pK^iB y^K pa lyDD 1 ? 
tya^if^nx (lywDHya kh) lyDD^D^pn^D y^ 



]is aai'bnxTiys iytaii'3"Nny3 n p« ayapy^y 
.uiyax'i'iNs ]ia iyT'*n yT'a 



tayDpy^y p« iya?yii ,nya^D 5yvo«D di^p 

•lyi^nya 
tx jyi^Tiya ^k ^ii 5ye»"a ayn wn 
Wxmi2*r\$ vi^p s DDipya j^^tvb ^in 
■»spaix„ "^rn .lyBa^DayrynByn yin^x y\$ 
WD Da^yn tyayasi p*b»5$b "ya^D'D^a 

.jyVBIKB y^DD^BDiBBP h pa iya"K 1»J 

ory^ ^d jyii {ya^o uwpyi &%\\ ^ 
,yoyna ytj^BD^K^xc lyaBp'Tyos h is: 
DJBpyaaiN n«a lya^t tWDifiBDijip Snsni tn 
-isa y^^D^K^^D h pa yDa^ya -\yi p« 
■ajy p« .ai$tt -lyj^ayj x nyax t^n d«i .jy«o 
■?ya px »r"iw nyn px ,^npJK*ifi p« nas? 
-2$p yB»BD^K»5fifD lya^T ,jjnyii85> px ,jy>a 
B'o I^rvfi iin jynsiiya DyDpy^y jyt3X"iH 
-VB pa lyaaya nrvx qwp .jy«on«a ynyu^ 
•jyayp"? Dy ,t$B>t 
-py^y nyDvy^ nyn r^a ,aa^axia ikd^k^ 
BXDiayn ny^^D^x^xD nya v ^a"« nyn |xt» 
■ya Dyopy^y pk ,Dayox^xa ly^njnw px 
mi mtx topaia ,oyp^ ix^tra x spin tyisn 
b»o ix^tva Daxoya tyaxn tyDD^iaxs h 
■yr n»o px .xpnyox px xt ly^xnpxDyi n 
"VB ixn ,Kas*i"K px rx yp^pxia pa }yn 

BDpXll ,^X"^X-^X XTX D^a IJjU t^x \$&r 

■nyii ,|y^Dixa ytr^DD^x^'XD pa ?nx^ h 
t^x DiDt^xcaxp nyi ixii ,in x^ *iayi 
■»n .xaxi^x px xm ta^ypniaay nypixD^ 
^nv ?an ^d y^nnyi jyDD^x^'xo h ,ya 
lya^a^x p»p px ddixii h pa wyssia 
Dyn b»d i^bx Dan ,oynaaxP px lyDynoixa 
^xax'vnxax^a ayn nytsaix "t tyt^xn dixit 
-DyiaaxP tyan jyanp D^xwa DyDD^D ^nxii 

n Dtsnfttfa nv^yo raix o5»sijn tyc 
*d ."Diyax^ixB jynyn n^a jy^n,, onyDixn 
-•<&& DnyDixn y^x tx jya^n Daypya d^^ii 
-d^x^xd ayn 1KB B"it3D lyo^x pity jyo 
»5»mjn p^x pixax^D nyax -Dyp^D jyB»D 
jyoxaya n ixa I'd jyiyn 5»nnyn» rx raix 
-ya Dixayi h rx ,jyax^pya ^n x^nx pa 
dix aanytDK' x px rm x lya^t jyaaiayv, 
"i^Dxa na^o ny ".didt^x^xd pa jyopxii 
Dixii. Dyn pa jyopxn div aanyD^ x y$ 
•ys xh nxa ,^D"ixa yty'DD^x'XXD xh ixa 
.Da^x r^x dxi t»« X^iX pa fyoxa 
px iny» t^a ?dxi DyD^iya y^roxn 



21 



•p"»B^^fi nyB^nnu fix wvnvs 



(21) 



— ,iy::s:yj o^a Dy ttfsii DnytaiKii ytJ»OD 
-r-vrd "iyi iv Tt jy-iayn «t 5«ti ?D$imtB 
-MP n iv aaiosx-iya dpx„ "onxa nycp'OD*? 

lX7I33NiyS "J P8 /'*y**tn8S ytS^OD'^SB'S 

i"jy»DiKB yrn 0*0,, d*dxi2oxp lyny* ptx 
kh liya^ ij/jyp cj B*a ixa "y^yii to,, m 
d*o8*ibo8P cyn »»a ty^yn to dsii ,minD 
.*lin^nKa Dy?x jy^yii to px ,pya8tjn8a 
•tf .D"t x ix mx*aa iyr^^ tds? nyax 
-ya pit? px drii ayi pa jyrn nyoya to 
-*-x pa oxn "taiNB ycj"t3D^«'s»D xh .*yn 
fynxo iv oxnya o^nayay^ya rrm nyo 
-ya yiyiax '818B tya"T Dy nyas ; ibbwb 
dpx nxa tya80K>Day jy^n ya^yii ,jyaaiayn 
"Vi iyt pn "iya8p'5>aiayi iyi iv aaio:)x-iy2 
jyTB'ax ya5>yn p8 "truta "wos-iPro 
lis ."aaiTay-i ya^-iny,, js nxa t^d^ej>dpx 
lyase Diyt-nsBin n jyu tx ,to fynyr --r-j 
-1KB rtytaiKB yay* pa nya'*8 o^o 'rptpb 
*8'av Daypo*D n .D*iyoi8ii n o*a »* jjn»5 
p8 oayTayayna'8 fyviya px pix^ va px 
-ai2y-i h B'» iRtswa orixoya idsh p« 1897 

-*B'D nyi ,18? PX 1897 px .1901 px iya8p';> 

1901 p« ; tynsiiya tyjg?py:i ,B8TTJ8p oayi 
Daypo'D h P8 .fyiRiiya ttfnymy ~iy P8 
sh pya^„ iv yiaxo^' d*8 jyiiya ix'ap 
-rh 1S97 p8 .aa-ayrjyi "iyt P8 or ?"minD 
dbirii 234,000 jyoipyn fyosipsoyi xh jya 
•h pK ,151,500 fR'ai* Daypo*D n ,*ir*'d isa 
-'O'D xh fyasn mt^m ,102,000 "iyaxp*5>aiay-i 
oxnya 'yoKTW nyaxp^aiayi xh d>o oayT 
-jn xh ixs lynnyn dbixii 20,000 o*o oyoa 
■1X2 tt lynsn »n iyii iiooi p« .jyoKipso 
,d»ihii 297,000 jy^ipyj »t jys^n ,o3^«« 

D 1 ^ 8m ,inyo DtDlKII 43,000 D^O t5D»i1 c^i 

-ya t38n ?«n '•ayoyta "rjjnnyii ,pnw "ins 1 4 
■yi 8H .nny» doikii 31,000 d^o ~i^j tya^"ip 
8h tia lyjn^o iv D8ii ^a tynsn iya8p^aia 
nyn o-iyB ,, 5>yaB8 o'a Tyn^n »»t T8 Daypt^D 

.tai.8ii 
"BMitayn iv P8 taaxDy-iyoa^ Diyna^^y^ 
px -t^pna px ix^o 1X2 t3i8ii ayi jyu 
D8ina8p iyvD»np»Djn nyi osn i89.> 
■"Hp^aiajn nyn .ddikii 75,000 jyoipyn aisna 
"i8ayi ny^>t38iP8Dyn isn ps ,77,000 nyj 
^xn '•axcxta nxn 1S97 px .9,500 niKsyv -iyo 
iyo'Dt? taiyna^n ya^tay d»o ixa lyaijnpya 



n iyii tx ,jyaxT jya tayn .yai? -1x2 tao^D^ya 
mytaixii ytr^D^x^vxo xh dxii lytastDisyi 
-D'?MB'fiKp x nx2 jyctDB' ,ta^nyii.-iy jya^n 
nyax iyii ;o»n-98 Dy pk ,taxmaxp \wv 
-oyn "1x2 jycpDtj' p^x Diytaixn h jytx^ "? 
nyn Dnyoixn h jy^yn ,taxTnaxP lya^a^yr 
-id lyt^aya yanx^ oy2y ?iyta2x-iy2 »m nx2 
I8^tp2 jyii ,T^Ttaxa .mytaixn n p»t jy: 
jyjya "ntaxxnya,, x 1x2 tny^pny D-iyii 
-I8n H pa 5»b x jy^yii ,di»t^x^*xb ayi 
-kid oyn ya^yn ^01x2 n fyox-nya Diyo 
m 2V 5W ^0-1x2 h jyn nyax -on^ xtx jy2 
ly^yn ,opa s ,2 ayi p8 p'opso ynn^x jyiyn 
h jyonyaax nyayao^o^ yB"0D^8'V8D n 
jyoiayaax jyaxn "t pi ^'•opso ?nsii y^a 
aax^ o^a i»a .oax^v n iv aaio^xn y": n 
.a .5 .d nyn pa Diyaoyo n tya8n pmv 
-ap yiyp pa yoosya |"p pn on8taya B'J 
nyayryiiya x ,»p»n oxoxno px oa^n p8 oax 1 
Tno od^x'^xd ^vt pa ny^ao^o lya^oynta 
ixa nyr^axanx o^od x ,Day^58 i8a«7 -ray 
ya^yii -^oixa y^^oxiPxoy-i^x^'XD n 
-ya ix^ap ooyp^o yn.Tx ?ipx dpix o^yo^' 
-p80 in^x jyo^aya oxn ,, onx2 8H .yoox 
n ayo 01a ptx yixia ,opai2 p^x px vp^ 
n fy^xf D8P "1x2 .opai2 nynaxax ryo^a 
Vjya^a o^a i,"px myoixn 

"0*1X2 ytJ»BD*?1B8S H jyp ,1896 pX 

,iyoxnpxoyi h o-o {8^*i*b ODxoya oxn 
|yoD^i2X2 ya*^D*o8"iB08Pai8 jynya iya*n 
jyaxn dsii -on^ Dyn ooxmyB |yaxn dxp 
"X2 h tyaxn 1894 px ?oaxtya myoixp n 
1896 pr ,iyo'Oc 1,300,000 oxnya iyoD'^12 
-axp jy^'0D*^2X2 ayn "1x2 oo*ot^ya rynxn 
PB "-[ly IX oayinyia-D^pi "1x2 ox-ih 
■1811 h pB oayvRia 90 0D*-n dx"t ,130,000 
oy px ,ix^TP2 h jyo^nyaoia tynxn Diyo 
lya'n dru ,oayvxia 10 tyaiaya ixa T* J»*n 

.jyayaxi jyiiya 
Diyoixn yc>oo^i2x2 n tx ,ot^p d v >h 
-ibrb iyi o>o |ynaxoriy2a**x jyiiya tya'" 1 * 
-Sixp x tx ,jx*vxT^xa-ix ''01X2 ly^'ODV 
"onx2 "ly^'ox-ipxoyi nyn o*o D'oribd^P 
-T'^i2X2 pa jypynv h 1x2 T^v*a p*t oyp 
- i ^2„ iv lynnaw |ynya |ya'*t «t ps ,dio 

."oiy3XL'-ix2 jya 
-'^8*V8D h o>o tx ,oa'*o D'lsaaya^B 



(22) 



taejipix kh 



22 



-yi t/anx |y&"B^sa jys^taDHiBxa jyBnHy.i 
--in yt^BDHiaxs xh .uypio tyB"Binpip 
dkii *pix "Wbx -rynaixiisnxa rx i$*v : kt*jk-:i 
,"B"ikb ynypixtoc x iyn ,p3»»n n jyo *n*n 

tyoiayaiyBaix t* B$n, y&»BK"ipSByn H 
? pynv lyrn^ytoyn tyirraivDnx 
yayaxTya ^ddhx^vxd nh /spSrow 
nyn ix tpaax^ya lynsn yatfyn ,tyBDHisxa 
nyn^pna nniv B'a "bixb lyc^BDHiBxa 
Bviayn lynxn ya^yn nya^pna n$iB "ix: 
"8D "ixs i^ya d^x "bikb yt^BDHiBXB xn 
xh tynxn »? — xnaxaxaxna y^BDHx^v 
nyn un lyij^ixa "tnxs y^DD^ia^a 
nx "b*ikb yt^BD^iaxa xh nyn^ .ixPTva 
pa pynx ayn nxa B-rraxaix iviiyj b*j ^ix~ 
.tnaxaxaipB y^toDHx^xD 
"lyn^n kh x^ii "^xt xh Banya 'D jyu 
px aanyisa ny"T Bsn ,xn lyaax-iBya d^h 
Ixh^b tyn^xmyiax pB mynw Bxnya 1894 
-n tyaxipya xn bxh is96 px px d^i^-.i 
bxh nem ynyasB xh -is^b jyn^snoya 
.yoya kh lyaatftnxa 
nyon-ia x rx ^yo^ii "irrx bbixi nyt^ni 

- 1pyj PX DB1N11 yC"BDH1BX3 XH PB 5"B 

pa BBgBtyya B$n px b'id xh pa jyo 
^a^TYTii px .nyaxpHmay-i y-iynna 
xh Bxn Dxopyto px xnxnx^x ,wB>m$B>n 

-yaDnx lyB'Bfc* yB^BD^iasa Jnijrcf ytaoayn 
nnyayaaix BD"n dxi ,440,000 fy»xnv Base 

P3 bixh iyt!"BD^i3X3 ayi pa 5j?om x 
yw px nyaxpHniByi xh .nax5 ty^jx; 
p3 px Diy^j D^HBayBoyia jyrn Dt3 ,1 BD 
y£»BDHiBxa xh fyaipya ^ix |yrn »n 
"bixb yB"BD^issa xh *iynx tyii .DB1K11 
h ,D'KJiG5> - m yiy^T b^b Ban^xnya tt dxh 
nyn iv phix fyajxay: »t fya^n ^yoxipxay- 
B^a "isa jyasn iyix r"»iKa nyaxpHniay-i 
"Xoyn x 1X3 jyBixn 5xt "wa x .BB^Btpya 
5>xt tx x m "^xt ys^ytn dpjib t^x -oxnp 
-xa x 1X3 jyjxiiy^np fysxn iv jyo^BB' 
ixanyn px ,*ny:wp px xnx^x^ ^xpdixi 
"iyi px b^id kh pa lyoxay^yi xh jyj^r 

plXtO^ 1896 P3 fX^jyiUXP "iy^^D^13X3 

•pvv pa lynxay^yi xh •ibb'tvb |y:ya ryiiy; 
•IX^yii^P nh jyT^iNB i^3x ly^xn dxd 
_ X3 xh tsijin lynx db^isd yrn^yrn px 

XH D^O J^TVB WDXOya ^131K3 yt^^D^lB 



lyrujiiyaas bxh nyaxpHniayn nyi , nnyo 
66,000 jyoipyn t3xn ix^ toyD ,|yo^^ 40,000 
"Vvri iyi pa ^nnx^Tn ''iwn p,x jyta'oty 
,nx^p t^x oy .7,000 ,>DxnPx»yT t^aijiDiyB 
nyjxpH3i3yi pa jyoipya t^x nixn d'ix^ tx 
-xp^niayn nyi pa toiypyasx v» I^sn dx'i h 
-«i dxit mynixii ya^yrx pa px ^Dixa ny; 
-inx^ "iw id^o n^myn px jyoytya jpi 
IX^v Dayt^D'D xh jyii ,1901 px nynna 
nyjxpHniain xh b'd ix^tvs caxoya Dsn 
.tonypyasx b^j "t jib ^t myoixn xh lynxn 
oyn tyax^pya ts^n \x^ t^yD ^^tsayaya px 
-yi fyv^xa ayi -nixii ix^v Dayt^^D fyvaxa 
nyn pb duixii 7,000 xh ,dixh nyaxpHma 
Dvy toxn ya^yii ^Dxnpx^yt tK , 3SbiyayB'n 
px ,D&ixii y^a 4,000 ^xa px ,ijj£ DT'Dxia^x 
jy^^Dx-iPx^yT ayT lyax^pya taijn nnxsy^ 
12,000 ^xa t^o jyinx' "iix ikb pa 01x11 
-ya tynxn oxn ,myt:ixii xh p3 .jyo^-j' 
tyiiya jya^T ,1897 px i»5 oyo nxa bd^bb' 
nynna tynsn dsii ya^ytK 20,000 xm iny?2 
B'a ,iyDxip^Dyi xh ixb B'a OB^BB'ya B 1 : 
ya^aaynnxaix yrn ."lyaxpHmayi xh ixb 
"BiyaxanxB lynnnya,, y^x lya^t Diyoixv 
nyaxpHniEyi xh w ix^i 1 Dayr^B-'D ivi pa 
■d^ix »t »a pk nriDn jo ?dxihxb .1901 px 
■ay lyopy^y iv *iya"^a rx oy tx -jyoipya 
b^b jyoxnv DayB"B^SB nyaxpHmayi y^H 
tnx Dyp^xn _, axBXB y^x nyn^x ,ix^ oyo 

.1X^ VV2 

-hx^'xd ny-i px Ba^n jxixb \vi"i oy 
ya^D^BsnaBBpaiN ^d x "bi«b lys^BB 
-BXPa^x tyiiya 5sb x lya^T dxii DiynayB 
Hx-Daannn "ly^T .|yt5DHiaxa ya^D^osia 
■pa n^aa yiyB^n h fx ix^tvb \vwi oayBia 
iv fx ys^yn ."Bn^a ly^BDHiaxa nyi 
nyns nx dx^ -IX^tvb ^nn ?yaaxaya ynana 
hkb "T -DayBianx nya^ay^BiyBs tx nnyr 
y^^Bpxna ya^a^ii y^x tx ,oayBD"iy tyoya 
xh tiB DixBBK^a xhxbx nyi pa fyaanyn^a 
nyn px wn "in^x Da^aya p/taDHiaxa 
."Bnx3 ny^^BxiPXByi iyi pb dixbbx-'b 
Phx t^x nya^yn nynixn wbdhibkb iyi 
Byii iyii Bn Biyp -B^a jytyBi^xa ph 
-in x ,d-isbbx53 nyay^ tinx jynyn Byopy^y 
-ty^^nxB ny^^DDHiaxB x iv nyt^Dxnpx^ 
pn nxa fyDixii iv Daxtj>ta x ny bxh nax px 



23 



•P^^nb -iyta«m8 pR rjbtpb 



(23) 



p^x nxn yDs^p-jyBD^BD^ssP rh tr nnx 
-DostistDK' nyi jy-irrnixa^R Dyiyorx jr 

,Dl»P?R , XRD-DD88BtJ» *iyHR) DIDP^RB'BRP 

"»d jya^xa^x Dyi n^x ,(dj"r p?r pr nx ; 
xh pa taynnR'xo rh iynpynx-ia ix 5yo 
Tin aamnannR tyjyj tyBD<fc&'&BP 
did b"t -lynynax nyn pa .|ynR;aRo-nnR-io 
:ti^3i« yaya^R yirpx ynx^p lyn^a-iR rh 
-RPjRaiR-iyDR^p x tir an nna ^R^yoxB 
jynyDy"ijn«a ix pynx nix osn ya^yn ,fR>x 
pa Dpnips nyi p» p^n myt^a-ix nyi 
■DtD^mx rh jyxTpnxa ix ,n"aix pv 
/ynx^p yt^DD^Rt^BRp rh jyaanix ix rtt"X 
jyaypiyixaR ,nxa dSb drrdb> nyi nyiij! 
-■•nya ix p« ,r,R>XRpa8a*iR-"iyD"3*iR xn 
-jynnxaiR ya^aynya iyo"m« nyi tynya 
T* nyn ""itk .nyayat^aix nyn pa D"pji; 
px ,taaxt^yTya x ty^pmraay one "a dhp 
Tt IJ^JM lynayt^ya ya^ani y^x nyapyn 
ly^nx-ipRoyn nyn pa "tayn xh px jypay; 
ny^-x lyoipya nyn nyta^anx lyn ,br8bz» 
px drii nyn nnx ,trpxnRna brh *iy ns^i 
x nn x px jypynx yn^Bayay nxa a^na 
nyn jyfriRXiXDnx tir DayxRia fy»e*DB>ya 
wan* rh px ; yn^p-iytDn^sa^asP 
p»P v? nya^x tyasn tra jy^yii brs? px 
•ya ts^v yaya^x ynyn nn x nxa j-iyij^ 
B'» jy^naxmyn npyin jy^yn yn^yii ,y&DR 
iyn b^ir .SRtJ> nyi pa DJyopnyjyE ny. 

,BR^P P'K B'D fyjSIp tD-'J Dyii DIDTHR'XRC 
"IXBR t^a pT p»p ^R1 D^n ^"lDltfD'S "1$J 

n'n^n pa nyoisayi ya^tana rh jyan£ 
jyp ^ drii o:»n lyDnya no *» :jyB"x 

"DIRS W»BD^K»XRD "lyaRpnyiDR R"1 

-tax^a ny^RaR'xxa n.TR p.R t* nny^pny 
yrn pr tyonyj ^rt Wa nyn r« ,i^nt diss 
rtwnu33»t»n m fyoay^yj ya^yi« njyn 
.nyts^n rt pr tyaxijy^yo ,iyanj-ty^^ 
y^x iy^yj »t d:hnii tj»s nya^ypiyn ix iyaR 
pyii "t fyii -^nyiRB yjy^ pa tyajuynya 
•^n^R^Rn nyi pa tnmayjjR n^j 
rh |yii nya^ |yra did hrii ,^dirb ny;:- 
fcpiR jy^yD^ myo-i^ayn y^Dn^sD'BRp 
■ny^nyaiR 5>rt dxxd^ nyn tx aanynjjja r*~ 
iyp ^rid^j lya^^a ?iyanriy^ip Rn fyo 

D^ T^R DR11 D1R11 ~\V1V^ DnRH ,DM |ya 



d 1 ^ lyaRn myDiRii kh pr /-lyjRp^aisyn 
.DTvayaD^D y» in^R 

"RH jytDD'?R^RD y3^D^DljnSORp:iR RH 

"3RJ1R lyjRpnyDR nyn \yw\ niyn r ;ya 
rh pr Du p s R Tt wkp nyniRii lyj'jjyrr 
jyiRiiy: iyay:y;a^ pr drii tyn^n^ ?hrx 
,DiD"tDD yjyiyenRa pr ojRtypy^y h pr 
yoma r i»: lyray; ny tr ,jynyr nn^R oyn 

1RB "IPIR 1 P S R jyD'DB' DR11 ,D"iyniR11. ?HRX 

-aiayn r irs "ihr 1 nyijRjR ,nRipRoyn r 
jr iynR .jynn^iBRB r irb jrt nyjjRP^ 
irb i^br ^ro r .tDRnnaRp jyj^jynaRJiR 
jyattDty drii nnyniRn yay ; tso^R^Rn r 
-"t ,"D*irb yra^ym irb o^ntso an:yto^ 
pR ny^oRipRoyn iyi pa n»Bo»BB' iya 
..^dirb lyaRp'paisyi nyi 
lyaya D:yoiaiR iyoD:ny lya^a^R iyi 
■ya r^R -lyty^ya a^n ^^r jya^yn ,iR^?ra 
pa ^yp^mR jr pr pmx q»s r d^o }yn 
".ntDiymRa,, nyi pr nnaaya^a lytsn'D 
-iRa naoRp nyn ^itr ny taa^o ,mynya nip 
lyiyjR^^Riiyi r pr didp5k'v$d nyi 
rh lyaya vzx'pp nyo^aiR ijn pa ^iborp 
-RaanR rh t^r Dy .yDR^p ytj^tin^RCBRp 
■r^P nyi jypyn ix jyon^R^'Rn kh pa ya 
ix -yns^p lyta^aiR iyn pa pnnniRiiya \yo 
■pix ni^ r tr ,tnyDBnya ix in'R tyaya 
■"1R RH PR ynR>p"tytDn^Ro , »BRp rh jy-j 
-orp ~wiy^ .T>^ayoaiR pr ynR^p nyts^a 
•rt jy^niRa y^^n^Rta^BRp b^d h^drib 
-ya nyi nyn^aiR rh "a br naR-.v^ ,yayi 
nyi |y^mx PRiayaya nyn pa p^tsniR i 
"iya"3*iR nyi pR yDR^p-iyon^RL^sx;-! 

.yn»5p 
a^R .yaRia nyn pa np>y iyi pr bri 
■>ii jyoip wjruB w: jyp nioT^R^XRa iyn 
rh fyxT'totj' eyn ya^yn riR^xi^Riiyi r *~^ 
jyayanya^R px jyaany^ayi pbudd^bd'bbb 
nyi pa nayn rh px ddro y^^ta^RB Rh 
-'Dn^RXRn rh pr ,^mxa nyB»DD^RXRn 
■n*Bj"« fyonya n^xoyn ^n nyn ".dirb yi" 
nnaaya^a t\x irt ,diot , ^r , xrd cy- }yi 
•R'XRn nyi tr B'a iyaR a>i?a tr .tsaynya 
■yii tDin^ayaawR jaiR rtr tinx Dyii maps 
■^^r drii fyaRio-iyn nip ixa ^t \v? t-R -tsn 
-tyi„ pR lyayna'ya nyn jyayn pib> aRi 
noip T'o ^a ."DDiymxa,, pR PR "naaipix 



"(24) 



fiSJlplX «H 



24 



."dikb nyasp^aiayn nyi nyi$ w^k*^ 
■rs Tin aanyayn,, pa uifigpfig kh 
nyn pk bhb> nyj'tjB'ii k pk ,"isB>pj$B>n 
i^bk .yogSpwanK in jib ajuonaya 
-Bin oy 5st "bikb yB»D&np$i3jn kh lyii 

.fsnrra 
BaKwyaas uw\ "Finan tx aa^r 'o 

?D$11 PK ,1J .«D*1KB yB^DD^iPSSD KH 

/IS'stfsiiy-i,, x *p"ik t^a Tt man »d ry.n 
■tfsw ytoTj^a^DH,, i«p t^a jyo *nsn 
■Bn$-»»iKB yiy> ".{^sspasa-is xnyj$»s 
waix nh b'j BT^iyn ya^yn ri^'VST"*: 
"tnKa k nayaTK ta>n ^n lyi^mxB is 
typ "msn jyii ,yDs5pDB>a8B^y?ya 8 "iyis 
— ,aany-i$awa*iK t« iviyn tanrpayaDPx 
-ya-waiK nyi p« epayiyop n p« 

.jjuyii 

.ins nnx 13 pn»n prop 



nyi pa ~\y:w) kh taa^yn ."pam jyayayaas 
iyi$ tbsi iy»^B> jyo 5$t ,$tf» .aanyisa 

?iyayag-: 
x jyaasaya pk pnr* nn$* ixa s t^o 
-yn nya^K tapaia "ubSpbih pk wmv- 
"tawp ,Tam jynya pk 5yaya .ya*na ya^y? 
•kt DssDtj' iwtM"n iyi tyn -jyaya »pe 
8 d^t pk ,iyana-ty?pp kh tyonynya^ 
-so nyi pa paaiiK oyi pK tanB* nya^BPi 

"«D RH 1X3 PK ,BB8B»5yTya WBD^K"'!* 

assta^ Dyi jyasn iv "ayoya tik pr my; 
,taD^8t^38ptaRiins ayi "wr ,D$a d^s 
nyi nya^Rayaya iynyt3B> onya^o rh jyn 
pis yaxna sh tsnyyi ,D$a ny"? d$r brrbb' 
,js^v nyn aaiaypnyaR ,iynaitaB> ,DyBTP'*i 
tya^n DnymRvi d^k pr .wma y^tD^sa s 
-rpaisann .ayn pR |y^r is drii cyay ^ix 
p« en» nya^taapi r pr msayi ktr pr. 
jyii i^a« ,didp5r^kd lis jjppniDjy nyi 
-^nyT nyn pa lynyn tsasoya 5>st Dn^ iyn 




.pip iyn 



(yS'PD N) 



jyDxo ny oay^B un«n ^y^3 ny ts .^iyi 
TiiTK .pmj"K lyB^pjynp x nynynw Tanx 
-y^j "iy;-iyB^T $ k*m |yju\?pya tasn yo^BB' 
-yj jyB^n nyjjyta-stD^s yay^ jnn^n -v^ 
lyj'iK xnn^ .nyaxD iy:yn^T wn ^itk tsy^ 
ynyD^s kh b^yaya^yjas isj lyn^n 
b^n jyriK yn«D yDm: »iw y^n pa ,&5yn 
■nya ytsu y3"T .ts^yii yiyjj^s k opipwomK 
-yiyi ,^n is [y^isyj fyasn tyanx ytaBKia 
■"T .tD?"Siy oyanmts nnyr D^noy ps jyta 
pa y^n^aya ynn>x tspyiiyj fys^n jynx yj 
ly^tDtr s tyiiyj ny t^k isiyt .jmibbbbid 
■nb |ya^ojyijf p^x b'd tyjyo nya^nny 
y^ytj^ yanjyot^ x tssnya tD»n ny .nyopKn 



d 1 : tpp ^y p« in 1 

•ry^yBya tyiiya 
x jyiiyj t^k ny 
PK ya^iay s* pa fso 

lyox^B n wn iv iyn 
■Kayaj"N js id^o ,d»jb 
y^sotj' D'o ,ny-i*n x nyann n ,oona yjy 1 ^ 
k b^x ryiiyj r^N «n .Dyx»5a yjyanByaj^x 
ytD»n yDJirya o^o y'payjna n ,tnyvB« nn^> 
-ninjy yanyB* o»o n^a ypj«^B» k ,jypNB 
,^toB» anjywB' jyiiya pn ny .[yon^a yo^yp 
<1K^na ,a>BDtf jyiiya pk Nn .B^^ajK^yb 
■»n p« fypnts fynya pk yo»BB> pu .lytoji^ 




■12ip ijn 



(25) 



,yi;yn^a ,yaav xtx d,tk o^o jya^^xiya rc 

...5yr»o ytDJirw 
iyoio ttpk .Baina>iiB> vtsnyi oxn iy. 
*itk nynna ryasn yaSyn ,a»nvip jwk px 

o^xny: o^a ajx^ fyaxn ,^^ ayi o^xwa 
tyn ^pyo^ax px payip yryn tx fyan^a 
-ya y^ya px n^aas? kh ,ixopxi iyi iyax 
tyo oxn ,typsiB>yaax lynyr »t lyaxn yujs? 
oxn yo px itb> nyi iy?s5ax fyax^ya 
-yi paiyn d.tx o>o 5x? an ,iynoxiya m\x 
d.tk co ttfqmju an oxn ^o ya^oy .jyi 
■y^ ya^t iyax jyiyi o^npa.xip pn jyjyn 
oay^a oanya Dynay*i"5 px lyp'^a ynaya 
-ya in oxn iy .jys^ xn tyD^tnya i,tx 
,p>5x d»j iyax ,iynayi p*p tyinxa fya^p 
-x^iya jyayp xn iy oyn nrx xmi ...-irpK o>o 
oixi \yiy5 iv pn i>5ayo ann< oyn mi ?jyr 
jyaxn nainn nynna xi jy^yn »t ?irrx jnx 
bairya Ta iy oyu oixi .jyoxm tyinxa pa 
"t px oay^ya x oysy in jyaxo px jyiyn 
•istfya^o ya^p^a »ni xni jyay^ ty5yu 
aiv jyajwyj xn rx mxn nyo>a x o>o 
oxn ixopxi iyi .nvy in* jyayia ixopxi 
5y>a CJ px fypaxip ayi rx ,oax?ya m>x 
onya o^npaxip pn axi ,fyay^ w iyay>5aya 
pa jypayn o^a ixo xn axi px ...pin myr 
■OD3^yr PS THflD p»r oyn axi Drum ,an»n 
iv jya"T ypaxip ya^ym onxn ,nxo m^ 
xn p»5* vt fyvT-pnya p« ^^oaKnjn-^5 
mxo ODn^yr ww*? iy»r pa :yo yjnya^x 
tya^yr ayn fyaynp D^iiyj oyn xn nnso. 
-nx^ y«v ynrrx px jymxo^ oyn px nx^.n 
-xnoiv inyr ixopxt pa jyoipyj t^x xn .\v\ 
pa .jyax^yj o^j xn oxn oaxj yryn ...jyj 
xn t^x 5yn»o yjjv ya^^na yrx^nsT x 
T-na n,T« .Mia xrujn»5 K-tynxiiyj aj^v\5a 
px ly^xjyj |yix5iya oonoix jw«t v^i px 
•tyiyio px nns jyoipy: jyj^r »»t oxo^:x 
,^n»B> ojn nx btx? xn rx ,nn>x jyj^r 
"W an^x ^inx oxn nn— Djypw cj xn nxn 
■j^x anp d.tk oxn xn .bbphm maom ^y^a 
■nxa y^nnyi ixj ^"inin ^x^ ^y -oiyiyj 
iy i^xs x>n ,tyoip tayii xn px p^x \y\ 
■ip vavn^i o*o .|y^n*a lyaya Mja in oy^.i 
■nxa tixa typx3yin>x onnaya iy o^n \vw 
jya^K y^^xD^x^yo yo^na y^n pa px |yi 
v&xp yin^x «imk tyiyio iniv jy^sayj iyr^ 



ojymya jnyt^ inyr oxn ny^nyi x a^x 
■ya px oyoaxya axa pn pa tynyj t'S px 
iiT« ry^yaya wws t^x iy ip^y iyi .oay^ 
iyn>x pjxa px oxnya oxn iy ^m ,iyoio 
y^x px lyoio xn .ix^xi oiyuin fi^ynv 
-'yj iiTK o^o ;jx^ jyaxn o^anp yin^x 
pixot^ inyr o^ t^x p^x xn 5«n p,x o'n:yo 
yoia x px T^uy jyo oxn -iyayaxi jynyj 
.a'xan oaxoya ny^ yan'^ro 

"i »a ovytya i,n iy oxn uinn iyi r»a 

.lynxxa x a^x 
•yi t^x jyaiyo yayinxaiy:ix yav axi 
dxi -jyinxaiy oxn xn pni ,ojno^iy tyn 
-iob' |yrn pa ODiia iyjy?xay;r^x iyi px 
.oaxtrjyT^ yi^m x ooiiot? wiyv w 1 ? 
jy^nyn^a x ova onnaya jyaxn i:yn y:"i 
oixii:y;y: in^x px jyaxn iyr,x yi"i ,iy^a 
lynya t>x aynox Vf .vn^iyi px ojyiaya 
anjyotj' oay^a xn .dxiob' iya>M x xm 
iy .lycip o>; xn ?xt iy ,jyi^oiya jynyt 
-"-rranxn x xni jyr^manx |xi in^x o;y?a 
-no x o^o jyoDimya in oay^a iy jyn .iya 
-anx in^x n.n oay^a ,0Din fyanyr^n ay:yp 
Tiiya x ony: ^io v; }\* rx -lyfrn 
.ayo^naiya axnoy pa Kni nrx 

-jn o^o tyoipyj r^x nyaoyiixj trnn iyi 
odxj y-iy .jyaxoio px ajyayi ,jyo yyyp 
\"i jyiyn amya aiyoio in\s pa xn oay^a 
xn px tyas^ oay^a lyoio xn .jyoam 
.jypjyn px ynymx axrpiyoanx ^n oay^a 
in>x px lypyii oay^a jyoDin -\va^ pn 
-o^o pa 5n»aw x ry^ayj yayi^nya ^iix 
pa Jn^eya x px ,niaom j'nox pa ,t^ 
y^x iya>x jnyaiyanx oay^a iym^ x .^ypy 
tx ,iypjyi oay^a xn jyii ,iyT»5>a ym\s 
■jyo ayi o^o tya'^a lyaixi ^x'^x oyn xn 

•p^x -WW 
oxn yo px oay^ o^aya oxn iy 
oxn ixopxi iyi -ixopxi k l^a op^ya 
-yaaxa in oxn ,djw»5b xh o^o opivya 
oxn inyapyiix i'ixa px ,rx iy iyn ,o:yia 
inn< iv oa^tya oxn iy xm ,onynya xn 
ty^yn 1^0 it$j ,w: ^ya^nv ins : iyoio 
aaiamyoaix y^^axpaxiP'o xn axn <rynyr 
ay ri"K in>* axr ^xa \yiy v» -jyast oy.i 
jyayiaiya p^x ,p::\x nyoDyia iyi pn oy.i 



(26) 



BSJlplX KH 



26 



ma x .jynayrH pk |yaHpn>aai,K dis -btk 
Dan ya^yn ma k htk pk tanKiny taKn 
t"« ,aaK?nya p s k rpaKiya p>K n^j taKnya 
-yj vpk ,tyay^ TiTK ,in pyass — Jaiayntasy 
-ya tasn km Km ,pno kh ...d n » k nan 
ggnyj kiio e*jn n ,aKraaK^ is Dan? ,&a"s 
jyoip tan tayn Kn ...fya'tayatsHya tayn Kn 
PK aTK iKa tyanKtat? tyayp is auya nna 

...dpi»k aynns 
in Kn ta«n taaKtpayTH yamy^a k d'd 
in |yaKn m fyvi ,fysH yam ps lyamyaa^HK 
y:pBD-in k m nw .jyaKitayaayoKns innay 
ayntaK pn pa inn ayn jypantaya Kn taKn 
-antaya mat? nyannariKii k Km tDJ^n ny pk 
frpaya k t^o .yayn pa nyaya ayn pa |yr> 
nyt ^ynsa ayn inK tapipya taKn amnya v>z 
...pcnpi nam tyayaya m taKn nya5>yii ,mn 
nrpK tik fyasn Tnma pa 5>nnaya k D'a 
nKa tyaKn m .ytaaKpya ymi yrn y?K tapipya 
-ya tynya ynma i.yam m -- fynyrya tatyn 
jyaHTtaKaaiK jya^p:ynp nym pa jyam 
i.tk tyapKiiya pk asta iyny s t^o .pna 
3aK5nya itk pk -tamnayayanya'K vwz&pw 
aTK "ixa jyi"? is ,pyaa« ymi fyaayna is 
.jy^m pn jyTany is pk 
pa 5yiw fan.K tyagta^ya pk ny 
,ytaanya ,yaan «h ,«n ,ny tan iKn pk ...nip 
aTK pa lynna BKri Kn ...ma ynaynna 
tyanpyn&y jyryn nya^K jyDKntayanyaHK 
nyan Kn taKn nKrm nyanpyntj> pn ...5yiia> 
una yaan kh .pHK dtk Km taytantaya 
ny pk a^iy n>a jy^nv P*pik pw »jy^ 
■j"« inyo n^J ty^ 1 * typ^s yj"t ...^^j &ay$ 
-j^k nnyn n^j oona pn ^yi^iiy-i jy^isy; 
*iKJ -ypaKo ytD^B k pk a^a pn ,t.y5Kayj 
lyayij ^kj fyjm m ,^kj fyay^ iy.viK yjm 
m -imtjiiiya ly^^jjiajK^yo n^J fiK tyifiiya 
-y? oj<;n |ynyr ,jy5o»n y^^a yitfp kh jynyt 
-hv t'anK pnK ^n fynjyii pk in di-ik tya 
Bay*5 ,pip ny^r nyi ,Kn ikii a?iy n>a jyss> 
ytyn pa .nny ycna c^o y^y:nya k iyt33iK 
oaK fya^a jyan« ytD^Knmya y^^KaJK^yo 
ycK^a yrn pk lyiynn yj«i yamu 
Kn — DonoiK Kn iysn tya'? ynpKaiyD 
....tyoip n^j ?k» t"P pw tayii 
•tm^ apy 



,tya^ yin^K iDpmiya pikoc osn km .i:vn 
dh'k tssn PK oyntDK nn>K lyn^Knyjj^K o»n 
.vip Dn^^aK "in^K iyay;y.i 
b^o tyntj'ya ny osn ,yiy^n ,i:ityj >n — 
*mK pw anjynyBB' yo^D^ yjpwn v\ 
I^k hJirya m — mKJkh a'pa aiKat^K^a nyi 
...isosnv pn i>: nynyT [y^yn -i^d nsn 
-ya |ya»n ynj^ia y^K pk nytaio kh 
tDDyn tytDT^i pk pyn« i^n in^a n :odxid 
irr'K lyjxctry: t^k n -tytDiKii fy^yo pw n 
..BJmnya tyanK ynn^K pk tyt^yaaijnK skp 
jyannya^K bkh ivdk»KPK^ Pa p^^.i k v i 
in lya^n jyasasii kh pa ~\viyi kh -iyjJ^P 
dkh tsanya ayax^a pn .jyaynya fyannyaas 
an^K bkp Kn — lyoajyD pk jyrmya in 
Wia jyiiya lyam lyanK yin»« -lynyTy; ^a 
PJKnya lya^xiyiaB' nyiyta 1 ! x -lynyno d 1 ^ 
dk"i lyp :Hkh oyaan in\s taoy^p-iya osn 
Dis ?5>kb tytasy? ais in iynyr to t« ,pn 

?5>k» tytavy? 
tsaKiaya D^a ti^k ta^n lyin^a-ayiiK pn 
tapaynya Kn bkh ay^ vwny kh .ynn p»p 
Din^a w'ayo lynay^y nytyn ntK Km ,pa*iyi 
pa jyayii ytami kh nya^K pHK nya^K tavy^ 
k ,"ryaKiiGs> x ,nyp;Kip k ,pHK -KpHyoK 
i^nyaaiK wn Kn ta^n Dynasa .iynj?a>*n 
.tiyna k DiTk pa lym^my w |yannyaas 
ovy , ny ta^n^a ?pn« Di^a py^ipya ny p« 
HKiny aa$<^ dki lyonya pk innay ?nyaya 
ta^n ,taayayya ay n«n Kn jyii .siyna ytayta 
,inn vi mvn Kn tk ^ymiyaans in^K in 
Hnanya Dsiiey pa nn ayn p« ayntaK pn 
tDpyiny ay bkp, PHaayanK i^k tik -ayta 
Kn Bsn |ki pK ^ypy pa 5.Taya n i.tk pk 
dthl" ny dsii ,|yry^ THa t^n lyannyaaK 
-HtaaKK'ayTH k fynya t^k tiyna pn ,1iTk 
b* pa lyanyaanK in rasn dkii ,"nt?ya nya 
■aynya \>^ lyanya osn iy -riKn aynaynna 

■in iv yo 
kh ta^a ,iytai.o i.tk pa jyiyitD kh ta^a 
tyvan kh tan ,jna"ia yin^K pa lytaayomK ' 
pk phk «n ly^yn is ,dpko |yiKP "i^k pa 
nn -anaTaa'Ha jysasa pk ta^a tynya ^ko k 
lyaayitaty nyi ta^a ,ytaaKPya pa mayta kh 
ns ^:ypm Kn lyaKn ikbpk^ a'pa ta^anya 
is lynnKa jyDK^ya dkh Kn •jytaf'Kn ph 



« 



.jynxynB naiyn 



.taaxtsnyDni iy&?naxaxpy iyi pa p^Bnana 
tt taxn jyo iim ,d^v x rynya px ay 
.mo ayi tanynya ta^a jyaxia ya^yTx iya>x 
my^ya taxn lyiy 1 jyn ,iyta"X w^ip* 
■ya p^x taxn iy d$ii ,ayi pa m5oyTttann 
I'anx mt »a iyix ,pin px in "a jyaxc 
xh t3'o -iy~t^ taayn y:yi"$ ya^n ta^o ,min 
,yaya"x yj"i fynya jya^t dxii ,xh pa taayn 
■ya a^m inyt aanmyaix taxn fyo fyn 
jyaxT ya^ytx iya^x Tt iyo taxn ,ta^yiaxn 
jy^ayo jyn >ayp xh jyayia taaixiyn ta^a 
ayaya^x ayi ixa inayTtaann jypxnxia 
dxii ,axi Ptfa jyanpixa px mnaya 
pa ntaiyn iyi px nya^x »? "a taa"5a ay 
ixa typ |yo dxii ,dxi DD«n dxi ,ixt x 
.^xr^xaix x Ptfa ,pix» r/anx tyanp imx 
yanmtaxa ya^p Tin taiHiayi tan taiyii ay 
-taaxtjnyDm iHinaxa anxi jyp px ,yvyTya 
.■jyiyii taaiTiytajix tan* m5 
taaxi xpyaya lytainy^ya worn iyi 
layarx pa pna iyi,, : taayi b»d bhxi 
5>y»am ;5»xaix lypnita"* x px ^xt ya^yn 
»t jya^T -ryan^ tan |yixxn ya>n taa^xt n 
."tyanp «t ixa |yp jyo dxii ,dxi taiyii ptfa 
,aax5 nrx axi ,m5>mtaxa raxa anxi px ay 
ytj»nxaxpy ya^yrx tasinynya {yaxn ay Km 
-"11 my? ytamy^ya n mt fyaxn ,yiaytatm 
ayi jyayn yaxia iyi b'o taa'taaytpya an 
px |ynxT pa ntaiyn iyi tanyta&yya dxii px 
nytya xh |yn .amx DDya jyo ntx xm 
fyixnya nyas px jxn*pnxia ya'^taax^ 
"tjn tyL"ay^ jyii ,taa^n d^t ,tJ^DD^8t3 ,, SNp 
i^aytoB^n fyn^n^ia s iV lya'inyaai? \yi 
■"ntjna tyiijiiya |ya"t »» iyn ,pik» f'nua 
"iyi tia yaxia kh pn ,|y*iKKii pa tytaayx 
nonyii ayi pa ,yvyrya px tya^niN nitaxa 
jynyr t»o .a^a^n nnyt lyT^iiya nmnD 112 
■airnns^ tytaanyvay? ans* pit" a^-i ,aiiNT 
■ya \* t$ yainy^ya sh in jyapn onyn 
■"•Dyiyiaa^ «t px yaxns nyn ta^o ty^tsayss' 




ntaiyii nyn t^s bx 

Dnsii ?^xt x pa 
ntDnyu ixr p'K r>x 

"lyiynasas pa inyv 

BD»11 PTK K'll pS 

"inyo ^y^ayn fyo 
tanya nn»« ?~iyiyia k s iyi pa taiyn ps yr^x 
2 nxa t;." "isa x taanp px pixb px amx 
PX"i "iyi -ix^i inyv ixa pxi x px ix^i 
^XJ2 ^a^a ntanyii \v^\x y~y"x px st?x px 
-ixa ,^n taayia .^^ nxa xh x'- 1 , ^yanrx 
T'x pxt nyn tx in\s Dpayi anxn ?dxh 
x ixa Dsn CD px r'T'B' h m nnyia ntanyn 
tanyii t^x ny tx ,iyam ix nn^x taamaya dxd 
irpx ta^xn anxn ?^ya ntx ^sa ~:*a copaia 
?PX"i J^x ayi ti'iK V& ixa ^a^a iy^-'aa^x 
"iiv ixa ^v ixa x taanp imx ,iyix 
taayia .ix^xi 'nix ixa tayn x px ix^xi 
pix ^w xh tx imx dd^ii nrx xm - r ;' 
-in "t ?ntaiyii lyaryT^yi fyaxn tay.i xh 
px ,tyaxta'j' yayiyti'iya fia taaxoya jya 
xta ,ana*,x yiyianya mix taamaya iyiyn 
»t taaxn dxii ana^ m^n vs iyi t>x dsii 
px dxii 'c'ix^xi "iix iv t"t taiyii yi^a 
f.ytaDx»ya »t px irrx taxn axn co 
»t tx ,di5b> avi jy»ipya taa^n i.tx lyi^x 
taxn dxii px ,ix^xi "nx iv ntaiyn iya"? 
?di5b> jypi w tain^aya -^x 
taxi in^x dxi pyataay 'xnx tayn in^x 
i.mx .taxxB'ya o'a px fytsDxoya ta^a ixa 
,1x^x1 "iw v& kh ixa ta^nsvya tasn 
PXi pxa px ix5»xi 'nix ta>~ iyi -xa 
y?H w'rn^ y^x ?"ii ,ik5>xi Jiyx 
?r.ypHB ytH yf'x iy?xv nyas anxn . , y: ,, ~-: 
taiyii {ya"T m^ x 'i IJ< -y^x typayi anxn 
iyi px rix5»si "lis tayn xh -ix^xi "lix 
ypi pa aaitnxiittaxya xh ?ix5»xi fnyx pxi 
iyi pk iTiino pa ntaiyn ayi lyayn tyaxia 



(23) 



BWIplX SH 



28 



jr *pir iyapay:apx tnyn ynRRii iya5»yii 
br ejjyn nya^yn ,£rbi¥ r Ptfa t^k yiyijR 
tyenpine fy^n Dy tytf>jy» ^api ayn pa 
j/TH jyapp-iya ty^u »t pind^ r>u pr 
rjyaMp fy^ii Dy jyt^jyn 5yB<n PR ,yiRRii 
yn^yr rh jyanp jy^ii «t pirbp win pr 

.yiRRii 
yHRynta nyrn pa apjia iyBDaRiitJ> ny- 
-'Brp nymx *tir lpj *pr ubkb n drii pr 
tinwye fyu -aaR^yw lyisKn ly^DD^xtD 
■^s ny»t "isa ^^aytiDann trpvnijna tyaRn 
D3-iRiya fyBpnipB jyasn ^'inayj ayjyj 
d^t pr dri .ntyiyirM^myj r ptfa tyasn 
-ya tyasn jyDjysnRna yiy^r drii ,y:nstt»K 
jyDpnRia pa tDyt3HR , >R!2 yoma" sh .t3B"iR"i 
yjriR jyinR 1 yiyn ' DnyJyjDnn t* tyaRn 
rh pr .pniwi d^r pnxo i'b'ik jyoiP IX 
-yaix pr ya^yn ,iyBpn*jna pa 5nsx yp^p 
»jjn«wi d5r pnxo i'bpr lyoipy: yt"i*nw5 
"t tyatyii "^n 5rbiv fya^yt ayi *pn |yaRn 
iy"t ly^ipyj tir tyiRRU fyiRuyi tyj"t 
p« ^r^irbrib nmyir^PD rh .ntnyn 
]yiyii DB»ittyaD»iK Dpny; jyaRn »t *iya5yn 
.yiyuR rh spin yj^R 
■^yryrtynRRii r pr nyaR tny-ijR paw 
|y» trpxnRis BBRB^ytyj nyniR p« .bbrp 
b 1 ^ -P"ird fiRa piyuRT ,^nayj ihrb b»j 
-rib pn tra enwMjna iyo nycnyn yny-ux 
t'nwa tycax^y^-'R yiy^n anix \vw\i 
ntnyirMn"oya ~iyn — T>nayj jya^jyo 
tsappnya o^prnya iy^n n^rc nyuRt — 
ynyuR *pir jynyn BtyiByjDiR ix ,tyiyii ix 
■niaiyirB^itD ny^T a^ix — jyiRRu 
-dpr jyapHRna rh pa &BRt?jy:i"R yvi 
^yiRRii yiynjR *pir ?yiyn iv o^ntsyj 
^yD^iiyj r pR tyny^i w DcioyaD'iR p« 
t^r — noiyire^itD iy»t — rtR^^RBRia 
tyt3jyvnRia rh ya^xni ^Rttsann rh rt^r 
lytwyxnsna rh ya^yii ^Rnoann rh wi 
.jycpHRia ynyn pr tyeiKiiiy PR tyau 
tr ,iyjRt ix ■^^nyDy?' jyiiyj diirt b^rii ay 
,5kbw r tn^a t^r jyaxr pa ntDiyii nyi 
.ryty: p'p tia on^uxn b^j myn nya^yii 
ayi iyiy^piy fyo^nya b^rii dri 5"n 
-Ria lya^BBKB'Jytyj *iyn pR ojyDjjtD-oann 
ir3 bfiw^Jytya rh pr ?rbix r ikb ir^ph 
nn ariRT jyj«t lyo^^vipy yrn .drrd r 



nnyo pr nnyo t^r y^Ria nyi ^o ^n jyn 
~irw tytD3nyw"3 a'pa ynjy dis ^^nay r^a 
pa iidrj nyn pa yaxia rh t^r tanynjin 
■dtdipdh nyD^n pr nnyo ntanyiijyiRRn 
r t^r tD^yii rh is iy;&oa rh Rm riyiRTiya 
y^R p« mm pr nrna ,t^ajn m«B>n rtionp 
•lyoijyjjyDRTix |y;Ria ytr s aRrR^a yiyuR 
yt^^RjRpy rh ya^yii ,iy^ny^p~iy rh 
ayi pa tidrj nyn nyn^R jyn^ yDiny^ya 
»t nnRii lyaxniR rh -nmna pa niDiyn 
jyp no-iyn nyrn ntR rmi pr naiyii iya«n 
-yjj^R tv^yp rtyiyii tyoDxoya nnx- pR 
yn^yntD rh rjyaanj »m p« tyiy^i ta^^ntD 

(Theory of supply y^133RJ pR DRnyHS pa 
-ynB-iyt3DRp-DJX' , Vp'nRia H and demand) 
""1R H pR (Theory of cost of production) y^R 
(labor theory of value) .ynRynDVlBiyirDB"! 

.mas tynRHB yrn jy^iRnya ty^yn te 

.y^«iS3«3 p« r:NayjJN pa ynsynta an .1 

pB HDiyii ijn ta«yn yn^yno "iytn ^rj 
-WR nya^yn njya^R pa sr n s 3 jynRRTi 
njyj-i^R pa ny-R nnmyn ^n drii ^br^ 
■jrt ,tR^pnR*ia ny»t pa tojyoy^y fya^y.i 
r pa tDRayajR nyi pa tjrbpix ayi pa tnyi 
PR pnxn jyo^iiya R s^iR ynxRii yaniya 
lyTH ^imr yixRii lytH "ir: yaxna^Rj nyi 
yiRRii "iyn pa •p r rt t^r ay |yn .piro 
nyny^ pr irt nyanp ^rm pR pir» fa^R 
|yn pr ,a^«ii riBiyii yiRRii nyn pa p^^ 

^D R PR yiRRII 1V~1 PB 3»J"11 RT T^R Dy 

.inyn ntnyn yiRRii p^dc nyiy p« ,a^ya 
ya^yr rh irb rt pr Dy yiRRii nnyo drii 
-yuirya nyiy 1 pr nyrj^ii xnayn nyan? 
■rip invD drii pR ; nDnyii ynRxii p^d^ nyn 
,|jnnKii ya^yr rh nxa jr-irb jyj^t ay nya 
.nonyii yiRRii p»ta«? nyny^ t^r nnyo RDayr 
pa yn'RyntD yD^R rh ^^Djya^R t^r drt 
,^y^a nrRnDTii t^r yiRRn r d^t ,xpyjyo 
yrn ~\nvn d^j .nn^R nxa oanp ?yo 5y»a^i 
-p^r rh pr lyta^ii ^yon r nnya yn^ynta 
jyp jyo tyii -tPR Diny^pny pr tytD^n^ys 
.lyppm tyii pr inyo jyanp fyiRRii r iRa 
,ynRyniD yrn DjypnyjR Rpyjyo kpi bpjib 
,t3iyii \"p tan ^^tDjya^R jyaRn lyiRRii bri 
,yiyijR nyn ?ipr in b^a yp\s fya^yii ir: 
PR ^JR^IRBRia "iynR dro rh drt pr 



29 



.ftpntfyno nanyn 



(29) 



px D^3j/3Jtj tj/ii ,tyixxn pa noiyn iyi 
?T , t lypyi yaxiaaxa 
yn^yt dxi ty^yotnxa ^t tox^> .nyD^n 
oxayaax pa {yo^xmya ya'DyoD'attfymya 
iyix ftw oxo^ax ,pyi »a yaxiaaxa px 
Dy jyii ?oxt^>iTyi iyi p»t oyn d$u .Dtayn 
n»aip px pyi 200 piko fanx ixixa fya"? 
pxi x j is pna iyi oyn ,pyi 100 ptfa 1x3 
l'sn« jxix3 jya"t Dy jyii .ix^xi x pn 
oyn ,pyi 200 iks d^ip pm Pyi 100 pixo 
-«t Dy TJ711 .1x^1 3 pn pxi x pa pna iyi 
1x3 n^aip px pyi 150 pixo I'anx jxixb jya 
PXi x lis pna iyi tayii ,pjn ibo opais 
-ya Dy ttf$ii ,oy bd",i ,'irx -ix^xi 2 pn 
dxi nnwi jyiiya ttf$u Dy jyu ,pn 03ixi 
px noiyii jya^iya^x p*p Lpa jyaxn jyixxn 
fcfiw i'tii noiyn iy"i iyo^x \wip 
iyi tD5»j?ii ixi .yaxiaaxa px oxayaax pa 
naya^K px pxi x px t.t? ixa x pa ntnyii 
-aix lya^yT iyi jyiiya yixxn yiyiax ya^yn 
px yaxiaaxa pa jyiayo^oix ya^yr xn iyo 
o^a px oy tx ,iyax jyo^ii ve .oxayaax 
lyo^x oyoa fya"T pyi tx ,jyD"ii vo >wk 
lya^aynya x dxi ,*p# p'a nyiy^no 
nTx ^d 5 iyix 4 t| i<? : n y n y a ddxp pxi 
-as o^o spB> ixa ya^anyiiya x sm ftpa 
yayiy^iya pa ntnyii iyi ,iyoiyn yiyi 
jyiyn «t iyu i^ax ijny»roa px lyixxn 
pa jyiayo^oix ya^yt xn lyoaix oappiy3 
?iits dxi px diixh .yaxiaaxa px oxayaax 
inyo ntnyii a^oyo^yayi vm jya^r diikii 
Ti tw«i iya«? ynynas y^y s a pi« ,^» pa 
t«t "snjn tio Dy ?pyn pa lyiy^no a^Dyn^ya 
t^j iyp Jkdw .n^am yasniK ya^yn nayan^ 

-^y^a Dyii yn^ynn ytn pa nyaaynax in 
nyiy^riD a^Dy^yay-i jya^t py~\ :\vw oa"^ 
■nyia a^oyn^yay-i ;ynyii py~\ $»v\ .^v pa 
PK iytDytD>oj«iip w5p ya^yrx p« t3i*s 
■ya rs' ttjja'yaa^ nyi d^t ,^» d^d ^^^aiya 
pa HDiyn nyn d^t ,Dma »nk d^ ^^anyii 
jya^anyiiya dix lyiyii epnnyaaijnK ^t pyi 
dtikii ?d^j onKii ^n Dayna .^^ pa nna 
tk -pyn ^y^a »itk tjn^nijiia D^a jyo ^r 
D{?n «i>i-iki ?^i^ «<ii a^a nt« pn jy^t «t 
p*P yn^ynD ya^naaxa p« D^ayaajjs kh 

.t^a tan^iiDax 



,spyayo nyn^x nyn n*n a^nynjyaj^ ni« 
pa nDiyiiB'niD d^t ^iy^pny D^in nya^yii 
I'nayD »t »binypiMB -^aiv x ~in3 |y-ixKii 
,riDnyiit8' , 'ttD nya^an « ^i pk Dy rx ,r^« 
-asa p» ta^ayaa^ Dyn pa a^ v»:vn lya^yii 

.y:xna 
jynn^xax nycn 5you x lyatj t»d^ 
-yii td iix ,yHs?ynD-ntD*iyn ytaasaya^? yrn 
-iv ny^K nya^ynyn pk oy tk ,jyraya \v$ 
"WW 1"P pa tk p.x ,Kpy:yD »a mi ,^sa 
dst "i^a -KD^a jd^d p»p i^a« t^n noiyn 
p« k^i t3'j inyo piK' Diy^piy 5kbw nytn 

.jy»«» D'KpyayD 
raw iyaj?T ,jynKKii pa nonyii^'iD nyi 
■yaa» oyn pa a» taajyn nyp'ojnijiynB ytn 
pa nDiyir^nD iyn .yaNiaasa nyt px Dfc?a 
ts ^»t Dynayii ^y^a^^a dis ,tb> i^a x 
pik» j'aiiK ixiNa jya^n oy ^^ ?ya^ii ayi 
lya^n oy jytyjyo ^yam px ^yanpiya an 
■ax p« Dtayn d^o .jyanp jy^n d^v, j*OKa 
Dy jyii .ya^yT d^t Dpaia t^k ty^p^Dis yiyi 
-*iya div t»b> n^a 200 pin» I'ana ^i jya^n 
oyii |m»TB' i^3ioonxa o^aip px ,|yanp 
l ,|yasT I'm'? »l"t T^ iK3 n pa pna nyn 
IK1K3 pixo I'ans jya^: oy jyn .ik^jji 
n^aip p« lyanpnya div yw i^3 100 pi5»a 
x pa Tins iyn oyii tm ^^ *i»3 200 ?m« 
oy jyii ."iR^n 3 ,{yajjr I'ox^ ,p»: - , ^ ^»3 

D1V l 1 ^ 1X3 150 pISD t'3nx JX1X3 fya"T 

ynxna ^nx ^n fya^aya D'aip px lya'ipiya 
"yv iX3 yiv* tsyn ixi ^^ isa 150 -1x3 
-"x nyny ."ix^xt 2 ,jyaxT T>fis5 ,pn D-,yii 
to .aiMn raxa t\s dxt tx ,jynyT \VP 'v: 
Dy dsi,i inyayaaix t»k dxi tx ,y5n |yD«n 
pixd f'anx tD«pa^pi»ii nyi px "ij?a taoip 

15711 DX1 ^^I^Xa Y)iU PK Dy .""L" D<B 

nyix TB' inyo P"ixo I'a^ix fxnxa n« ay 
l«t Doyn px T'{j> jy^x^ »D»aw x'v, Diayn 
D"»aip inyo 1X1X3 fya^T Dy jyii px nya^a 
pn ly^p^oix yrn ty^xt ooyn px-'L- x^ii 
,r^x oa^^a yaxia p^x iyax .iyiy«n» 
iyn dxi ,oy ljoip x^ii :^^oya ,p« dxi px 
n^aip aiaya opai3 1x1x3 iy;^T pnxo j'anx 
xh ixa I'L" aiaya opaia px tl" xn 1x3 
-ya \"t i^l* ix3 x p3 pna iyi $& -a^aip 
"Xi 5 nyis 4 ,3 ta^a anxii ?ix^si 2 yixi 
3x oaayn dsii pa -lyoiyn yiyiax tro ?ix^ 



(30) 



•tasnpix «H 



30 



rasa s pns pw ojjyna Dip ?"ii ,yjsna 
pa ds» ps yDKnnK d^>s tDjyoy^y iy-iy-i:s 
-nts iya«n "vo ps ,iy-issu pa ntnyn nyi 
-ryn^yntDTitsivn ny-us ww s iv wmy 
.ynsyntriyDDSp-DJsivpnsns dsi 
.n$jsnia .5 



: % ^HB3"H VJK3 T?T»OK3 ps nvn nyi 

5ya ntn tyTvnsia iv ep j v t & 3 ' 1 5 oy 
3»5>»a pts jynyii ttapp-iya jy^sT «t ts ,pyi 
iv inyD ddijp oy DD"n ds~i ,tpB> «m 
aosa dsi nyas .^ip spi pyi lyTvnsna 
-as: ps &say:us pa ynsyna ivi ps d»j 




mrs D'oyo typj$ 



~rs |yo ts njnayS yv- ps fyo'jynnypnya 
jny"T itd :pj"ii ww t* BTDnyo 
"isdsbph i^s .tyDND^ty"i ps jyD"rtfyv:"K 
s ,^n« — "lyiyus in ,5ypjyn pa asis 
— jynyT^BnytMViK oy": nyi 5»n nyom 
,iyD"njyay?y3J« y^n^n p5»k ly^n Dtp 
d^ nia"&? die? p»p v?Jnjmw fyasn ya^>yn 
.p^D^sa ny^sjs^vsnyD^s nyn d 1 ^ 
kpi ,p^aiay-i yjy-isayr": sn nyas 
is vivm rasn ,D»J ps km isn^ ps p»5p 
dsi .^it^nya-t^yn yrsam ny^nyjjis 
jyn .y:s^ yB^aKiJ^ya nrp* Tin *isj deip 
ryaiy |y:y^y: ttfsii tjk5 p^ra^ ya^yr xh 
Tt jyD ttfsn ,spnyns pa di$ ny-ns in ps 
tjro»B»$$B iiTK jyayii owpya j^ i ii nxj 
•tins a^ynasjis pn Dyn sn aps £xtp'P 
nyijs is b'd "iy~is s>a»s^P tans jy-nmya 
iyttttfS»B> nyi aonynya sn -iya$ .p'5aiayi 
ytoDyij "iiv kh as d5"hd dsvi ,rwy Dsa 
.p^tMKfos nyi ps p»b*dkb ayi : jyjsyps 
-js^ds p*a is^SP Disa ay"t fyt^iiv ayn iyi 
-sa pin siasjsa tnsa oyi ps ayna lyt^a 
-n to d ■■ s Dan \yn dsh Dip oy"ia lyc^a^n 
: taytjinyn d$ii .tsn^n nyt^^anj s) d 1 o 
lytDDyvi^p nyi r>s ,gD83ga pa (ajxaann 
Tin jyjsyp^ yn^n lynrmya iv ly^Dyn p« 
"lytoornapi nyi T1« ^^a^sa ps ^sjsp k 
.5jn3»n _ o5yn ay"; isa 




pk pmv bsjso "iiv d> 
-s^yj P^mayi y^j s 
"iyn *n« jynifiiya iya 
nyi iv .D^yn "lyanan 
pa nna^D nyoma 
p« lyp^mayi yj"^p 
T^K npnyoK-^noays 
,yr>s "isj iy»ipyjiv 
B^yii ny^: "iyt pa vznxp y^^^sa «n ps 
.Q-\]n:yy* lyiy^ii ^n t^sn 
to m ,oniya tanyD^iya nyry^ iyi 
,p^mayn yos^sa yB:8Jy3-i?T sn si fyJ 1 ^ 
pa oas: nyi ps lyisiiyj lyisayj t>s vtfy^ 
y5ynoyn"is5s"t k P» lyaoynsJ iyo3 lyovy^ 
js .jyis^P nyjspnyas pa ntj> ayn nytojis 
srs B^sii -toJST b>b"*7 tyn sm ,T>r n^a ps 
ajnyijy y^^^sa ps is'vi^nyi n^noa 
^am y^so .tDsnya b>j jjio^nya-D^yii vp 
-sat^ iyi ps i$a jyoip Dy "ly^s^vi^siiyi" 
ps "^SJ Biea ,Kpnyo« nynjyaynay^j 
"SP s^n lyp^aiayn yoanayr^y^a ya^ys 
■^n &sn rrnsia s .s^yivyjyn ps «>aos? 
nae' oasoyj ps s^aias^P pa tD^^noyaas 
is ps oyii tyaisn 1 pay is ^jmk — TT isa 
njso^ans is lyaynaD^s nmsia ny-us 
lyanpiv s^aos^SP ^a W? lyansmyam ps 
fit^ ps jyo .p^aiayi nynas is pa f^tro s 
••'S ps menfonyaTa sn iv taansiiyaiv pis 



31 



•p-n^K D'nyo typa$ 



(31) 



-in sh ts ,taytan5 nya^yii ,nyta35 nyn ps 
"<« ta^a (s^ds^sp) s-isas-i3-"3 pa aany*a 
ytaa>3"s"iya sh pa aanyayn nyi nya 
-j«n nyi jys^ya is taayi asn lytasstat? 
ps .DiontaD^s-sosasB ayn ^n ayirD^yi 
~iy y5pmD»w nyas p« tapais lya^yr ayi 
-as"isa lytasstas? yorr^iya sh ?s rtany^P 
jysnyn is Kigainap'a pa taayi Dip jyvta 
-S-iB-sasasa ysasa sh tyta^smys is ps 
is uniya ns ^sobs ayn pa *od"3 iyi -ra^ii 
pa aypstas ya^ayo iy:y^ ^n jyiyamya 
iyo ta$n 5sa p»p spis .ytaayo ycj"syBS"i"s 
tt"»j "1ns 1 isa ytasy? sh pa ~isasr ps |*n 
iyn ta^a 1846 pa ^sebs nyn ts ^yastaanya 
-tk lytasstat? yta3^"s~iya kh pa aany^ayi 
sh ps v* iya^mxa^-iK taayn lya^yn n^y: 
-es^sp pa jyta^nayay^yaas ya^iya » s 
,Di&ntaD^s ayi Tin ayn nyn aas5 s? .k»3 
rs ^^-{nsnayT^s sssasa kh Sysysa 
ta3yny3 lytansn lynsn ,tanyD{j>y33is jya^aya 
"lyas^si^snyi" ps o^j 5jpb*m lyoipnsa 
Doya^p fyuya ta^a rs d^t — jytaas^t? ps 
.wans^sp pa nyansws kh ny^is pDy 
5so s D:y^a ajm-tPNsaayp** nyi fyn ptfa 
tyanaytap nyn Tin pyn lyasnmytaais 

,JOaDlj£sp pK iy"I3"l«B KH iy£"11S ?13ESP 

y&p^'itasp n Wtaan) yirtasiriyoasp kh 
*h tasn ^siya^ sh px (y^pny'pp nyis 
TT 3Hjyv , t3B' ^taayoya aaivasn nyaspnyos 
-s-^sd T.yn3s5 ,1846 pa Bgtapmo ayn ppis 
-s^ssanytaa^s pa tyDynytaa^s sh ps jyta 

.5ynasn fy^sa 
■yj aavrayi nyaspnyas sh tasn pts 
-dms taay^a sn .1885 -ins 1 Dyi pa e^jnasn 
lyamy^a nyn ps lytJ^Bisa^nK Tt lin"D 
lyaaxayaaij on^n rx iyaJ>yii ,fiBoxp-^Dixa 
«h pa tj»"D# nyn ^ik ws ysasa «n 
^Kitaays p« typ^ya xnayaynfiBrB^3HB» 
■ya i^ny ^n w^n p« wiyoim't p« 
p« .DstapKno nyi pa tao^a cyn i^ fyia^sn 
Dijn aainyayn yiVBwnyoaijtp kh {yii ,1862 
"»5> kh n^o sisosp nyn p« ?^dk> jyta^snya 
■^n n to^n ,yam»jnB"KDKaKfl nyn p« fy?*nyn 
t^taaa^«ii p« aany^ayn nyi is oynaynya 
■bjji ayt lis nana nyn «i^k tys'DB' is imx 
•yiy") nyaspnyoK kh nyaij ; 1846 pa ^»d 
Dj?n k^t .pjo is d^t ta:s*T03y *pi o^tn aain 



-ssdb' .yD3^a"Knya kh jyaijn 33s^ pi^ 
-^NiDays \yvi nnx 3>ik is iyai^ny3 jyta 
tya^n 3:n^ pi^ ; D^yii ny^3 nyi fia dpjib 
is taany3 -lyjyo-DD^sD^ nya»pnyo« nn 
5*r DioniaD'K-KasasB nyi tk ,iynyamya 
lyjyp ^t jyo dik nayn yaam p« jya'^a 
■jyiy 1 p« jyaNmya DiT»» ta"nay3y^ya s »a 
kh inb "in^^ 25 ta^o ^: .jyn^ijniaaijp d^kb 
kh ta^n ?KJKPT3ni ay pa aan^aonK 
«tk ta^o D3n^r"iya T»t aan^ajn nyaspnyos 
kh jyay3y3 tasy 1 nn»« ta^n d^ii ,D8DP«nta 
-ai« DionDD^K ayn lysxanya is i«nD'in 
-KB "iyi tavo ^N£B$ is pa ypDKD kh iyta 
-«^y3 p»5b ta^n sn yapyii ,p^aiajn sox3 
"»e ta^ra ^ik rasy ta^sn xn ya^yii p« |ya 
■3>k yjyDiay33s kh lyaya ^yra'ta y^nyo^ 
.ysyry3 y^Kaij'ssanyD 
kh d^ii ,tay;taP«*iD lyi "i^oya t^n d^ii 
-ya D^n p^mayi "iy3Kpny»K"n$3 v&w 
P^niayi iyaKiitJ> nyn ta»» 1846 p« iyo^^ 
■"3 jyo^nya |«n ta^n ya^yv, ,K'ao^!jp 

.K183&TI3 

•K3K*ia - "3 ps jyo ta^n D»jt nyay 1 an« 
-y3a{? 1831 ps DtJ'iy "^t ta^n ya^yn ,si 
nyn ^^a) "i^nsiipy ps x^yisyayn pa ta^^HD 
ym iya"t 1820 p« jy^sB^ jyaya nastatranR 
lynaianya jyiiya lysamsia yc^ass^ »m 
nas^ay ts ,Dsnya kiio ,(p^atay-i i"« ps 
lyiaDya ayi ps ^y^B s lypyta^a^ns tayn 
-HDsasB ayn ps : 5«no lyiaDa^am ps 
tasn sisasia-^a pa aaiT'ajn sh .Diontao^s 
ytaa»a"Kiya sh is taynayiiya misi V' 
nas^aay iyay3 tanyanya \"i is dis riytassiac 
yti^syBsn^s ynynas ya^yn iay3i^s nyis 
tasn ya^yii oany^ayi "iyaspnyos sh .taaso 
-snaso yoasay3ST kh tany^piy 1S23 ps 
ly^sT ytaayo yc» ,, syBs > i ,, « kh dis rpitapijn 
ps iyiay^ jyasanya pa fyta^npnis t» 
rassayaas T^tasa ^n tasn -D^yiny^a nyi 
">5w is D^n3yay?ya sis is iwn jn^a d»o 
-ya dsh ya^yn ,p^aiayn s d^o iaia s \vo 
-sb nyn sm iyD>anypy^ \-)y"nv sts tyayr 
_ sn ams yi^a sni nrs .DionDD\s % -s»sa 
lyoy-rytaa^s ya^taasti'a^oya tasnya jsn fya 
-as "iyi PR ,ymyv y'L." , 'syas" ,, ^ n't W^vi 
•iyisv.y3 WB&wn tyw tn^ 
■^soas ]yvi pa Dpaia lytaDa^taani nyi 



(32) 



ESaiplS K"H 



32 



■"*nya kh pa tyaaimsya kh px aanyr 
diik) ijh .imdi^p iv lytasstap ytaa^a 
h taawiya jyvpBKinywisp n jyaxn (1885 
pa p« nayn yiyn p« oyiP^-Daany^ayn 
nyi tanrraya ^yiy-i kh taxn njawrpmi 
ypnayfonK pa lytaD^n) -lytay-ipyD-ta^tao 
-ynya fyp lya^yii *py?a (tyta^nayaytax 
-ycx ~\vi pa nytasa ayi n»a jynyii taayn 
.prta^a nyt^taD^snya^x nyaapn 
-ya fyuya jya^r iy5»nyn^ kh *m *nk 
,wiiijnB"W3»38fi ~\vi pk Pistatp DiynasT 
•ayiiya v* aawayn ywtaKinyaasp «n tasn 
-yn nyaxpnyax nyn pa ya^n nyi iv vvi 
ayi pa nana nyn tins jyaxnya is »t aarpa 
aarpay-i nyaapnyoK kh . 1846 pa ^k»b$ 
-sa ayi lyv^yn is tya^jynp tap^ya tst^n 
KMi ,jyiiya pn rrpn nyn .didiIbdwbdw 
-^-tniowK kh |yv*«wa w ,^anyviya 
ta>a in^K tyasn jy^mya^ kh 5nsinx ,y^ 
tynytat? is ta^a taTiya taia *pt px mnnya 
■KpnyoK «h jyii .ayirD^ynaxn fyoma nvi 
jhma px ,tayiax5ya jyaxn lyttfcn^D"^ *iya 
ly^xnyn^ xh tyB»ns tanx^ x fyoipyanxa 
-"5>a iv B$tatP3$ iynx ,jm»BRinyw$p px 
ya^ytx ynynna px sm ,b«» x fs jyn 
tas^tatnytaaix nyaxpnyox kh tyasn ,y5ya 
.aarpayi yvptaxinynaxp kh 
-j"nx ytapyrn ytaany xh jynya px dxi 
x px tytaxxta^ ytaa'-a^xiya nh pa juw*d 
■KpnyoK h fyii".t^stf8iiyn w *iya*oaiDK5xp 
>itx taay^ya taB^imya^x ta^xn p^aiayn iya 
"^k n taxn 4846 pa ^xoax ayi ^'xa fy^iaxn 
-ynytaa^x kh px Kfr'&p taaixiya "^taaya 
kh jyaya jy^xiya^ xh ayiaxia pa ryn 
nxa fyaxn yosy5 xh 5"ii ,yivtaxmyDaxp 
kh pa tanxo sh fypixtaBnya is taayntatyya 
-ya ynxna to^n sn nynx .D^n^3 y^i^iosp 
jan'to p« oynasis pa yna^a kh tya^n 
-ayw BB^rnya^K K't tasn diikii ?Qnsn 
taxn ya^yii ,p^^xa ynynna nn^x Diyn 
-yn nyn ta^o OD'o^ya t«» div Dayt2D3^ ,,, ' , ',i 
jyaxiiya oxn dsii ?p*itDP^T^3SD nyoonn 
nyn ta^o ^n tyviaya iv py^a nyoD»a»o oyi 
^ypjx ly^ya^iva^nx dix ,1846 pa ^kos^ 
?»0aBg5$p pa t^n ayn pi^ik Dia D'nyo 
• n>i« nn^^itiJK v^P « jyaya iv d^x 
-yaas p« jyonya iv 3^^a t^s* ,y3xna ym 



i^j t^k «n tk .tany^pny ^^pnnonx \*n 
WW) iono^p jyvtatJ' is taytaa^aiya 
pa tya"?a *n«n nya^; r d'ww y^nay^iK 
.tiaoKP'^taiKS jya^iya^ ayn pn Dayton 
PK ww \#n jya^n fy^xnyn^ kh 
p« jyan^ayn y3^ta3 ,,, ii "inyr ta-in^ay3:^K 
nytaa^n , ,, ' , D"iKa yiviDNinyDa^p kh .nax> 
pa niano yiytaoa^a kh tynyta^ oy ya^yn 
-ipya ta^a i^a ^n D^n ,0^^ y^^ntaxp sn 
tanyta^y3 ta^n p« 3an^aap^a fyay^ tany» 
■«t a^n^3 kh -tan^ jyny^ fi'is oyia^ia oyT 
lyta^nya tya^n p« ly^iyn nn jyiiya |ya 
Km .la^nayDiiiaix p« p^a pa jyoxn kh 
-ya k iyo typ ,jyiiya pn tansto nyvt D^na 
nyi nxa d^t ,taayaynya ty» jyn ,tya$n ?ina 
sh |ya^n ,1863 pa t^i^nyn iv'?™^ 
nyifl Daxmya tasnya Daynn^ yB»^io«p 
-^ kh .dintaa^n ty^«a^^*sa pa ^ytaaa^a 
-ya ta>a mnanynas \"p jyaijn ly^nya 
«h pa nynay^ «h lyi^o^aa^p is kii taxrr 
y^N p« fyny^ya ^mk ps yn^-yr D^n) .d^3 
ta^v xnnip x typ^aisyi nyaKpnyDK-Tt 
pa »Tjn»^yjBijnK lyatjn ,s t «m nynaxa 
(.^jj[ i « lytr^axa^ nyt v* 
■ya jy^snya^ kh tya^n nn^^ a^saxus 
nnyr tya^n p« 5ynyn kh tann^a 
-yn tann^ayaa^x : p^a I'^a i^tayaa^x ^y^a 
-as? ,iytaaxn3^y |yr^^y3iv ,ta^n^na yry»a»^ 
ayi tanyay^pnya ^nya^^p^nyaya taax^ya 
-»a iyn$n wrfa n .1,1 -t .k am ty^a^^sa: 
-ya p« ta-pantaa^ o«» yvaw kh ^^in» 
-D»fts> lyn^n p« "yi^^ta^a,, kh Tvasy^ tasy.T 
D^a r>x ^t .nasD^aiiK t« lyanyaD^nx v? 
pa fyta"rtfy¥3»K «h jyayaisnya'K m^ % isn 
tanya nya^yn abdkp tytaa^DyiyDa^ ryrn 
-ya h ta^a |ya^-i^ n^o jyn ,nrn ly 1^ ^^a 
,n^a Dy lynnnya i^o .K»aoiji$*jp pa ytaa^ 
-yi lyaspnyoK kh trii ^ya^ayaisDnx dik 
fya^n n^a .^ynasnya ^aiyn ta^n aanyvi 
-n^t» wvivi n*h pn ^i^a rx www pw 
-taay i^Daa^sn pa aaiTayn kh m^ »i?n jyi 
p« 5"nt33K tya^yii layan^ tyonya is taasr 
.k^diji^p pa siaoNp-^taiNB lynytan ayn 
-yayn "iya«pnyD« kh ta$n 1876 p« ^nN 
?ik iyan fya^iaan ayi t^ I'yta^nya tt aam 
inys nyn^ .1846 pa ^xoa$ nyn pa pyi^s 
-ay yo^na x jynipyan^a p« lytays^ in^' 



33 



pnrs* D'oyo *?yp:$ 



(33) 



-kdkjkb lytayiiyaK^Bya-aaK^ nyn ryax^ 

-ya nxa iy» taxn i^k:kp x i^xaxP x 
-«ip yt^BD^xt^axp xh px uph^ onyn 
•tyaaiayavyTya px lyaaiD^x yiy"T px ,iyt 
jypiyaxia xh \V2%n ayirxaxaxs Dyn mp 
,oyaDy^ tx ,d«ii nyny 1 -lynna taaxa-iya 
-X"ipya npx uxn ,5*»p-rsnT pa -\y2$-u nyn 
-yvjjjp x 3JW«n nyaxuox^xp nyn "a fya 
nyn .f>xaxp-XExaxB nyi jyaxna iv is'D 
k jyDH^ taaypya Dsn xuax^XP tx ,dpxb 
yaxsoxp "ly&ypivax-ia x ta^n tDpKntDJtjP 
1846 pa n.x»ax nyn spix anaytaax ta^a ixa 
dx dj"x ,jyt388t3K' ytaa^a^xnya xh w 
nyvaxa nyi px px p^aifljh ytn tx ,jytaDya 
jvnn ^ya ayn nxa tynsiiy: taaypiyax ttfyn 
,n»x px oy .DicntaD , 'x-XExaxB ayn nya^x 
■ya ta'o nxa px aairayi nyaxpnyox nyn tk 
y^MfiD^p ytj»pwaxna k dkh riynKiiya jy^ya 
tx p« rt-yon lyoya xtx taaxayaopx taxn 
s>ii yaxanxP nyrn taiyta^ya taxn xn 
-•-a px ^yvysD ,taaypya oy taxn «n B"ii 
-npvaKna kh) -tyta" nay ay 5yaaK y9?y»»jw 
nytaaiK tanoya taxn. yoxaioxp yj* 
-nyiaK pa nynnata^s ?yo*a ytaayi x jyanp 
■»yiB> px jypip jy^'i "t tx ,oynaaxp nyaxp 
Dxn :^^oyj ,a^ana nyi fyaya nxa .(jw 
IK'Dyxasp x jyaya \a kudk^kp pa taayi 
,y^xansp nyatfyii nayavx ^xaxp ayn tik 
-ya t3"»j nxa jyoKstat? ytaa^a^xiya xh fyasn 
-ny^st? -iyas DayoDa^ni ,|ynaynax taayp 
■Keshan nyaKpny»8 xh lyasn nyax p«n 
IV tanynyaapx ta^a tytaonKt^aKp pK jyo 
px y^jxB»xP cy'DayDy^ jyaya tjrpjntM 1 * 
x lypyD^iva^nx ta^nayay^ya x taaiTyi 
.DiontaD ,, x oyn ^ik dib yonya 
1885 p« jyoipya fx B^nayay^ya yrn 
■ds^xp "lyivDKinyDaxp nyn pa you n Tin 
'X"iB-«Dxaxa n tyv^ya w aan^ayn iyax'2 
lya^yn ,py^n .jy^xnyn^ xh jyaya r:^\ 
px taxox^BH nytDp^ya x ~\nyi jynya fx 
-axpnaxa xn lya^xnya ninia y^x D'o dsh 
-ay^Dnx lysxaiya iv lyeD^xta'axp px jyta 
aax^ taix^ya D^a Tt taxn ,DDypixo y^n 
ta'oiyn tx jynya px taxta^iyi iyi .jytayn 
yiywii vx ayn x lynxnya ba'^yao^x px 
■ayay^yaax ya>5>*iya'« xn px lyaaitr^a^nx 



pa aaif'pnitaay ya>rn xh ,DaytaKny : taaxio 

xn ,DayD"iw px ,ynDDna'x nyaxpnyox 

.y^axBDXP ^xaxp-xoxaxa y^n^ivaxia 

■yn xh ]yivv w\P~~\W2 nyn ^sa 
-xpnyox dxi Dxn \iviV2 xh pa aaix^na 
DDiymxa dh^ wv-) taax^ya p^>sa nya 
yHtaona^x xh .i^ya jy^^oxaxpy ayi vm 
Tin n ux inx 1 ivw ta^o lya^r ^jruMn px 
-axa xh tyaxn i^xa tx ,jya^tJ>ya o>na px 
xh ixa rxTBx tx jyan jyoiaya jytaaxpn 
"1KB nyti"D"n iy~i .ijk^d^k pk jytapnsns 
osn jyo ^nsiias -D^aiya^x pixnya t^x tayD 
.jyanxo yann inyr ta>o taan^ntaiya nn\x 
-dmix inyo r^x [yaaxayaax nnxi taxn jys 
"^x px nxa .Diaypixo ynoyia px fyoyitaiv 
■aiK px px jyinipasp w lyiiK' t^x xaxi 
■ya nyyaxi^x xh jya^r ly^Htrta^yn yiyr 
VU2V2 xh Dsxanya wiqn px nynna iy*.i 
xh fyaxn D^yn iy«j nyn px .oy^x^xp 
lya^naya ryoiaya tytaDHXD ,, BxP lyaKpnyox 
T>t tssn Dy ma ikii ly^xouxP y ,,_ ia ynyn 
xh /SP^pyo px *i5»n ly^r ta^ia .jyix^ya 
ny-iayay-iB^-^nxa^ nyi px naa^ ytaoaya 
■a^x \ii$))y: Di^ypnitaay 5»yaa> nnyr ,Kpny»x 
xh rx ,Dynpyo nyayas 18 t^k oy .^yHtaan 
"H jypnaxa px jya'n ^yanxaayT^x yoo^o 
.*rayn nyaKpnyos p« |ya 

1KB jynya :\})^ ta>a *iyas ^xa pk dki 
•piyo t^x nya^yii ^xtauxp nyaKpnyoK ayT 
T»t tasn nyrtfyn pk jyopKiiya yyiv nrn, 
{ywaxna ^sa aas'ya nyc^anyay r^x 
■dxh r?x ^n taxn jyo .DtaypixD yioyia px 
,xiax-ixp^a ,xnip ^xa ,jynn dis Bpnya lya^ta 
BKn xt "i»a -ii .t .k K^yivyayn .kuos^sp 
HDD^x-xoxaxB nyi tx tyDPDL'-yaax V* \w 
-y$ lyaxpHyos xh .aanyo^ x d^x dib 
xh pk o^yp^itaay yimi \y:"i lyntaon 
-^vvx lyaayia \vmp iv aix .iytaK«t3B'"mt3 
tyay^ lypnaiayi xh px jytapnxiB iy:K? 
jyo no ,fxypx ly^uuxa pa zyiyn xh 
ddxp oy dxh rtyanxiayp^K lyamaya 
dhk lyau' fipx lynnsaionK nynx ry^ns 
aax^ « iDonya zy dxh ,xpHyax-VT paxa 
■ntDD^K"KDKaKB "lyn -anu ta^a tik ddsp px 
■yn v^x jyn dxh dhxt ,w\ px nnyta^ did 
-am Tfnay ^x^ fyo tx -pynsa \ywyi nya 



(34) 



BSJlplX KH 



31 



irb iim wwi pr aypiRc w?D»n iyi 
■j;dk rh in »$n ^Rt^aRp. lyjRpnyoR nyi 
-rp in pR t3B"oya t^j jjny^yi lywi 
-rb yB»RyaRinR rh pa p^^sa *iy5w:s5 
kh t» tyt^Rnyj ajyiBt? in &rh pR onys 

K B'DW LP] 1PR DRH fyD .pIDPRVRURQ 

-IK «h tnyoyiaiya lp:j ps jya'traynp id 
jjy pr toypnxo iyt5»D"n iyi rpi ir: .yyv 
£k&'&kp lyuyj^Dt^ y^K ayi irb lyiRiiy: 
ayi twiiaya tsjypya pib> drh jyo dri rt 
-*3 div .tvasia lpd iRiiDiyus dwud*k 

«31P ,RP^DpyD pK iyjHK3jyT"K jy'13 ,fr'BB> 

-st rh iya:«By33s in dri-i }ri ,rj'3 iyiR 

"SB JJB' , BDO8ny90 , K yDJRjy;) 

nyt iv tnrray:i dri ya^yn ,p * & O 
PB jmaRaiya iyi ix ,jy^xBtr lpo nnrtfo 
iyn w ,rph stDisa pr lypan^a /RRiixn 
px jyjR^RDD yt^nyts'^D pa jawiaBPR 
pa Jjuvytya w^apae nyn iv axy pR Raip 

.DIDilttD^R-RDRJRB 

px iyiRiiy:i tnrrayjD'w r^R pr dri 
»nya«3 yppi r — imp *u»a yi^vy^ «n 
hrb Dy^s pr dri iyaR .b»x yviip rtr irb 
pv:ruv ytwyS rh pr tyiRiiyj Bymnya 
iyi -to" 1 ■•11 inyr irj PR iid iyi p« in^ 
jybD^REPBRp iyjKpny»« rh pa tPDyaR 
•lyaHaynyjiR ,iyaiR&5> nyayia y*?* aiyn 
1st Tymrpi wi \\x inyo on lyayiDP »t 
p^drb nyn pr Rpny^R }MRJ iytriynya 
dri .ttfyn vv:m rh ayi im pr fRypR 
ytaayi rh ,ttfyiini myinyia ipr bri 
^yDDHRHya^pR lyjRpHynK rh pa imn 
]"i lya^R jyiyi pr bji»vj«j$ ihphidpr 
PB ^iiiiyaiya rh jyjyu R&y.itt ytaaynya 
-R3 ayi lyt^-iynyn oyii Dy iyn .jya^'Djynp 
tityn rh ty^iyiya tsyii iyi ,jRypR p^b^d 
tr -taiy^piy "3iyi pr o^niyim iy idri 
jyuynjR jytiD jyDRRta^ ynrj^Riya rh 
,fya^-jyHp inyo drii jynn iv tytaaynp v*?x 
•DBR^iyn rtr fit fynyiuty lyayp w dis 
d^ mm Dajipiv rh dru .o^RBayiy 1 
PR lytsnyn y^^DHRta^BRp y'px — lyr^nyn 
lyajuayi yiy^t v^ irj lyoynRa nyp^HRB 
ytfyv. .is 3 » c t3 5 y n y * * j rh ir 
d p 1 r n n y i ir ,»t fyjy^ ^ik in tan^n 

y^miyi 1RJ — D 1 D T •> 5" R ' V R D fl B 

"3 -yDDHSt^BRp lyjRPHySR RH jyD^RH 



ya^yii ,jy:mB»m"iR ,R'3dr^rp pa jyta^n 
ly^^RpR^Rita iyi d^o tijnjyya in jy3R.i 
-rorjrb lyjyTaRB ~\yww iyi pa oniaya 

•PHmayn 
n«J iyaR ,^yj^ inyr p/jjRjym pr d«i 

-P^HRB ly^^D^RtO'BRp iyi ^R3 1^1'DRJ 

d^r D^aRia pa uayn drt Djypiyjs ya^y-ii 
•DBR^^yTyj lya^^jyo iyn ps jytDoayn nyi 
ajRBjR iyn t»j«t lyDy-iyarR-D^yuRn 
•jytDRXD^ y^naDHRD^aRp pa nio iyi p» 
,ni»n?D iyo tain^a tyDyiyta^R yrn nyniv 
Dyt33N^ una nyp^ya jdkiw D^saya jyo 
■rp taaRa iyo ,yi^ir3^Rn pR yi^m onR 
jyo -tya^jyHp inyo drii onn jyo ,Dyj8^ 
t:>o jyyniR yjHjyt:^ yiyoyu r 4 ?R tR ta^Rn 
■jyDn»D^«-nso y&Diy"n& pR yuoyi «h 
inyo DRn ,D^BRna t^r ?ysuy iyi .jya 
PR ,inyjiyDjiR tj^yii yvjRj rh :yo -n^BRia 
iiya panR pr iyi ,iypiRB&> pr Dy nyn 
rh va .nyiiPJRP lyiayaynan^Rii iyi p« 

-R^IRB pR *iya>3 ,t*HJH9"X y^nJDHRD'BRp 

drt iypn:ya 5»n jyo tr ,Dy idd^.i jy^jyo 

TR ,DDyp1RO PR Dy^R^Rp DO p^Ra WW 

-hb ly^Dayn pK yren lyaiRi lyo^mR rh 

"RB RH lyiBRJ J1K |yD3RpH3RB RH iyi 

-r^b rh y^R tDiyoyuiya \vd drt wpw'? 
■%t> jysRB jyiyp w dir ,iyyoiR rh pr jyo 
jyaRa iv ynyuR tytR^iyi w: iyiR ,DyjR? 
■rj„ ryjyn r^R i.y» taiyi jytaiRi .5ya w 

"RIB y^RJR^RJ,, t.yjyiV/'aVI.DB'H fy^RJR^ 

1KB DDypiR»„ iy:yn ,(nn^M) "'tanyaa 

•iya IV B1R .11 .T .R "lytDPHRIB y^RJR^R3 

»t tr ,iy&"3iR rh pa ty^iR rh jyuy^a 
nyi dkd^r dri ,fynyr»nN o»j in jy^RT 
-pirn iyi pr jyo »iiri "y^R:R^Rj„ biru 

."j/^iDDHRt3 ,, aRp„ jyaniByj o»p3'5 

-RI^R PR jy»1pyHRB T\S Dy DR11 DR1 

ytarj^Riya rh pr in o^mjnni -Ra 
d^i — pnaiayi iyiR y^aiR^Ro .jytDRRDB' 
yvw$}i$py rh pR ny^iymiR \»p toa^o 
-y: y^wx rh \yv~\ynyi ya^yn r yay\yji 
yvyTyj rh -lyjR^RT^RHR ya^DBR^yt 
,\y$ww rh iRa jynDPR ir pyiiRB 
-"A iyi pR pyii taamayj w: fyjyp ya^yn 
-rp jy^n iyiiDPR iyp.i .jr^phrib iyt?"a 
-^r i.rii ,iyuy^ p« DDypiRip pr witf 
ajR^ rt .D^ypnimy irh^ irj vk yntaon 



35 



pna^K c'cyc typa$ 



(35) 



px ^ynanit? ^xaxp-xoxaxa nytannnyn 
,iytaD^xta , »Bxp nyaxpnyox kh .vnpaxna 
}vvi is lya^nyjo^D 5y»a jyasn ya5»yu 
xn fyay'tn 1 is jya^pya in fyasn ^mp 
-nnsaxna nytartaxnpaxa nyn pa is'aysasP 
-■•axanxyn in tasn xn nyas jyaxansP nys? 
yayaxnanytaaix kh lysynstansa aix tann 
km n» Dxn .^xaxp ayn jyanay px ta^anx 
-ax» dmk lynmaisann naxtatj> pn jyuya ta^ 
-^x nx aaionyanytaaix K>n) .^xta^BKp pk ^>ya 
-jaSp-BKiina x nxa yoMia is x tasnnnya 
tasn km Dt^ii ,}^Dysj$p xn nyas ; (y>axs 
■sjyi kmids^SP nyn "a bbwipjudmik 
•isd^ik aix ,jyta^xnya taoya xn ta^n ,aan 
nyaxpnyox kh "a n^ya nnyta ds^ii fyanp 
pa psiiya taasMJanytaaix pk ya5>yu jjrwjn 
-kd^bxp xn — nyayao^nyaya y'nox ynmx 
nyn is ixnta is any; x in p'5s — jytaD^ 
nyn hm« £xaKp ayn jyaxna is ps ytayss^ 
.p^a jysaxa pa aaiaayn 
-axna xn jyaanis is o«t i"x pa DIN 
in** ny:r^a tysnpnya is yaKBDSP ytPMns 
jyaxrc is e»t nynax nyn pa px is'oyv:s5 
x 1M tasn ,p^q pa aaiaayn nyn *imk ta^ya 
anya x iytaD^KD ,, BKp nyaKpnytaK yjKBos? 
-5yii "a ,BUB*iBp*j P^aisyn nyn is istaya 
is is^oysasP x tyaxnpyaannx tasn km nya 
x lyiiya px dsi .^KaKp x tytansn fyasna 
tyasn ajKSjjnnK* .pnania nyonna nyta^us 
bhotbp'j nyn pa jytaD^xta^sxp xn in 
-ax «n ta^o jyonyanviK y^xaosp ?saKp 
in jyaxn oy .ayirxoxaxs ayn pa nyaayn 
■»s kh px ,oynaasP px {yta^yii tannypya 
-"n$ysa"K kh ta^o 5>ia tyuya tyrn tyaaita 
-*d yaynysnyB jycms ?iq»xp jyrn pa iyo 
-»j sh oxn ^xo t-»K .Dy^sBosp y^y^sjsa 
p« lyDD^^jxa «h taaynya man Nusns? 
d^sii aan^yn nyjspnyDN nh p« ,Dyn;:sP 
p« ^838P n tyasia is lyajKByaas d3»55»b 
y^KBiasp y^nnsjNia kh jyn ^usisp^ 
lyanpiyD is jyayjyjasa d^ i^d^^' b^sii 
.11 .t .x |y^ti'XD sh b'd ytaayi yi.Tx y5x 
.ix^t is^'a 40 nx2 
"jtfiJKmyDJiK yjjx^ isj bsh |yo |yn 
"oxp ycnnsjxna rh :yn pa BBKiyasx fya 
.K'aos^sp is jyouyj in jyp Dxn ,y^xa 
DKnyj rn^a aan^yn ny:Npny»x nh ttfsii 



^xjxp iyrn inx .5wBP"»D*3*a nno nyi 
nyn ?inx y^xi Mama x jy^y^s^ t2 s j jyo jyp 
-xs^ kh tytj>iynya d 1 : px ixypx p'a^DXB 
oyn :y^ tyn -lyp^aisyT ynjyayiBB'-tj'u 
^ya^Dyaya nrrx px 5"xaxp nyi fyaxnaann 
tayii D8T .»: is tsnta any; x -n jyo Byn 
,DyasDynys ai^ ins isnta fyayp \tn \vn 
-xnasia xh ^m ,ix^T»m yB^tanpsB^n inx 
lynxiiya tyaxnny; tJ^iapxa pit? rx pidpxt 
d^d jytJD^xnyBD'x "iy;xpnycx xh pa 
.ys^a^ nyn ix tD^yum taaymyiB 
pa ynyDXP^asnB xh topyta^ ayi px 
5yB m .p'ta^xa iwjspnyoK nyanavy ~iyi 
-y: n^ toxn ix^^^xn pa aaiTjyn xn 
tya^^a ^ ^xjxp-xox;xb nyi tx ,ur\y~n 
-xp tx px "uyn yin^x px anaytDB'^a 
xn taxn ,pn nanxa ^apa dxt ^xt xni^x^ 
x ins jyn."paDnx unpvi w: ix~ ay 
ayn px matj' x m» ^s&nyss yan^xna 
jx ins px K^aos^SP pa nysnyp jy^^^xa 
■SB Tjnynna "in^x wp inB^nynm ay;yax 
.pitaPSTsnaSB ivn pa nana ayi sinx p»»^ 
dxt ojypiyjx ya^yii ,p-iapxn nyrn ^sa 
ta^yii ny^a iyi px ix^'x; ^y~y , pa uayn 
nyaxpnyioN xh tasn ,nax^ P^n nn^x finx 
lya^nsx tanx^y^ d*J ^xa {"p ^inx aaiT-jyn 
tasn jyax .x^a^s^XP pa nnixia x^x;xa n 
-ya taxn jyo »is*aya ta^a tasy' i^ix ny xn 
■aix nyanys y^^a^yn xn iyaSsnya is taair 
tyn .^ayaya jyan^aiK is pa vpdw x nyta 
IS^si^siivi x taynyax5>Bya ta^my^taty tasn 
xn tx ,iynyt ta^a ^ iyo aix ,x«3x;xa px 
tantaa 5>5»sii ps lytao^Daxa^a nyaxpnyox 
tasn ryras px ,iytaxm xn |y.T>s pis 1 na pa 
"xtannxp lyrtaayra^x ayn pa ma ayn ta^ ay 
Din^ayaanx — nx^sn ayn — tasa ly^naD^ 
jytD tasn ^anyn nyas nyaoyiisa iya3 ayn 
is {yDyanya tasn iyo tx ,ta?"xyais nrx in 
.jytasnn y^x fyta^xnya 
■xp'XDxaxB ayn ta^io yoxnn yaax5 kh 
n ta^o ta^yna'pyaas a^an^nxa in tasn ^xj 
■ya Dvv;n ayD 5>ypas tya^yn px ^iiyns^ 
xn nytaan yoxayn x pa y^sn xn ta^yai" 
l^n taannnya\s tnx ywxnn yrn .jyan^p 
.lytapyBynytaxynta px lyinania tava jynya 
jyiiya r^x tnania nytaoyna px nytaany nyn 
nyn — y^axa»SP aayay^ nyn pa ixnp nyn 



(36) 



BSJlplX KH 



36 



m V"\ nyaRpnyoR kh 5m dhku taa^n — aaia 
-RDR3R3 oyi jytanyais ^Raa"K aawa 

1 DIDHDD'K 

yatfyTR yiynaK ^d r t3^y?3B>ya ryasjn m 
-RpnyiDR rh tr rjytsyaya lyn^n pr nvpp 
-anynsa ya^ytR rysRD o*a ^st jmram nya 
iRa 33iaH"?ya r ^Raa"R tyam yatfyii ,\Vi 
-RHya&^R nyaRpHyoR rh nyais .ijk> iym 
layaTR pa tynyn o^snya ta^a fysRn tytaDH 
5«M .jyaanyviRa yny"t p« aanyiay yrtfyn 
oy^R jy^yn m tr nya'i tyiiya tyam m 
-Ripya m lyraKn D»myan yrn .ijnrpBD^K 
*w>niS3R"ia nyi pa DiysKs rh }yn ,jy.i 
jya^ymstro jyaRnsBnya ryn^n yaRBDR? 
p^nisyn r tyaxK' pr "tR'Si^uy'i* r pr 
oynaasP ny:«nns?sp "un mi ,R»RaR3 pr 
DiDntsD^K nyi TynyaiVBK ryaRTDay *p? rayn 
ytaa^a^Riya sh is ynaynR yau^R *pir 
•wp isaRia nyi pa Diyasa rh .?y»8B»B> 
tyanpDmiR ttfRiiys tynan yaRSDRP^saRp 
-^nya ypRta wbrh pr ir^ri iR^d 40 kh 
-3RP nyn pr DiyriRo nyaRPHyoK rh rya 
-"r .r'Bdr^rp yoHR rh jyaya ir^srtsd 
-rdor,, nyi tasy t^k fypisaR-ia yrn pa nya 
-rh p« pHni3yvKORaR3 iyi pa 'HRnRD 

.jRtaaa^ 
-ruor^rp nyn tk ,T3-i8iiya ma taKn jyo 
lyaRPHyoR rh jyaixinya ^t DynaaRP nya 
-yi y^a k lyvsHnRD is din rfyaanynRB 
,tyaxo jyjyp tayu jyo ya^yii ta^o ,p^3ia 
nyan jynya pr jyo Km ptr .5m jyo drii 
j^W'IB tayvi oynaasp "lyaR'SDR^Rp "iyn tr 
■ntDD^K nyi ayD 5ypaR is iypayc?pyiiR ta>a 
-yox iyi) aaiamnn tr^ri irh'o 10 ird dw 
1* inyo Daxttaay ^n tasn oynaasp nyaspn 
■nyoK yDToyiyDa^KiKa kh jynsn -dynya 
Dy^x jyoD^DKaKS y^pixaxia p« nya^p 
-«a p« "i»'si^snyn» nyi w tayta^nyansa 
-«^ds5»sp pa ajuKTmy h isa pi p,« ,8D8a 
iyo tasn rjyisnya oa^pyn t^k Dynaasp nya 
-yao^K k^ds^sp lyaya is^sn^aDasp nh 
-^v^p lyaspnyoK pa ya^n nyn ta^o di.ts 

.lya^ 
taia rasa ta^n aan^ayn nya«pnyo« kh 
t^k km .i^^Nn^sDa^p nyrn pa tDDixiiya 
nyoNasa kh jya^yn iv ta^nayaiv jynya 
lyDD^oasa^a nyaspnyoK kh ya^yn ,nian 



ta^ii ,iyaanym8B y^yvnyD»p ya»n an« p« 
yatfyii ,8>ao8^8P ^o |yoipy33nn v 1 .^ fya 
nyanpnyoK nyi tynya iv rynya lymaiv t>k 
iyn Km lyaaiaanyn yiyDyn ^83 aanuyi 
"lyao^K kh nyn^ .y^KBDBP ytJ^t^vaKna 
■»P tk ,Daa«^-iya Dnyiax &: \v2$r\ fytaD^R* 
«in« ^xaKP ayn jy3yaa8 i^a ta'a ?8T 8'ao8^ 
-I y 5 ' 1 d "spw pjna8T ryiayis y r a ^ s 

yT'3 "3 T3K^ ijidks y ID '< 1 3 
,jyo"nya ^Kaa^K tasn D8i -^ixp pa jyo"? 
iiTK pa 5"no 8 iy3ya38 ^ k'sdij^p tk 
tytamy^nta pK jytaDa^am ayi yiKia nan? 
-ya -Dsn D8T jnano ynoyna k iy ,tapaia 
T>1K mi« yTH iKa aaiwaiya-tDDaJ'yT jyo^n 
-«i D^a pw rp^aiayi yaKii^ p« ya^^p 
y^Ka8 , vKa ipi»k ikb aaian^^ya k pa yiwi 
d^8' , i k^ok^p pa aamayi kh jyn .ynny 
nyn pa aaK^iya tytanymyaiK oyn taa^mya 
mix p^kb D8T ta^KH oan^ayi -lyaxpnyoK 
tD?8ii Dy tk ,i3TtJDyt38is amy^a pk T»in 
^^Kaayny 1 .js^i^iiyi y"a k is tyoipy3 
■yna DTioya aaivayn lyaK^DS^sp rh ta^sn 
•VP iv dik naK^> pa js'Xit^taDaRp rh jya 
jya^syrya "iyj»a«vi *rynR inyn k sj^ir |ya 
-"Riya rh iv oioniDD^R nyi fynyaas M)) 
nya iK^'io^DaKP rh \vi -T.yDRRtatJ' ytaa^a 
.jyBRT ya^yTR oytsn 
■]}i D3yi ta^o jyaRn lyaKHD^^KP rh 
■■'ay-i nyaRpnyDR rh *hrt drii is :taayia 
Rn jyp ? jyay^iiHa y^a DiyiaR D^a aan 
yn^yT rh h^r ^RaRp ayi lyn^ia ta^a jyn 
?y i aR308P yB»PiS3R"ia rh rmi jyaaiaanya 
ayn jys^ya is pnRta^ aiaya D^a \vi Rn t^k 
-anyta^ tyoipiKa ^8a ly^yii Dy fyn ,5k3rp 
-Dya jyu is rph Rn taaaR^ya dhkh ? jya 
isiyn ^a pK ^RaRp pa ayn oyi tinR iyaaiD 
oyi pa lytam jn«3 "a naK^ nyp'Dtr yDnia 
IR lyaKSRa y^K o^a un fy3Rn ?aymyDRii 
htk pn ^kt ^RaRp-RORaRa nyi tr ,DynyDa^x 
-R3 ?^RaKpTyiT nyn Km ^RaR^SRanyjaa's 
aanuy-i nyaRpnyoR kh on jyi tavtaaRi 
y^R pa jya^ rh irb ymyi vi"'?) tDDa^yt 
"jn r pa tarn* iyn pR ^kt jyo fyn ?iynay^ 
-h ptir ^yiaRH Dyn lyDyi^nyoaiR |R>si?Rn 
181 ly^yvi -ayinyDRii iy^Ra^ , VKaiyDa ,, R jyT 
nya rh lyv^DK' jyonRaD^R jhr lynay^ y^R 
Hi8 jytaiRn lyo^RnisaR lyDRRiae' ywa^R 



37 



pvrrN D'cyo typas 



(37; 



18a ts^ii 8^aatf8P kh jyn ".t8'Si5«ti 
,8D8a83 18a jy»«n^D jyp^is aaypya wr 
•isa jya^aya p^nisyn nysaKa nyi pa b5sn 
isa 8 p« .yba^ya "iyi p« D^yiyiy: 8 
kh jypKsiyEs tojypyj jyo b5su }ynaib&> 
*n« p^aisy*i "uimj iyn pa "aai*v»ay*i„ ysa8a 
8 ;y:iya38 jyirrapyiiK p« *pts> ya"5p p»n 
.nbfcmya lya^bayibnypa ny-i 183 jji^y-i 
p« a>D83 iya^pyia> 8 jyuya b5sn D^n 
Diyi^ryn px aavrayi nya8pnya8 iyn mas 
apyatrya axn lyaftm ,»ftmm ojynnyns 
p« nayn »h b'd ynyasp'aKib nyrn px 
lis jyo bsn ,tyT«5nyn is D»a axi di« .d*h 
T8 ,£nyaya 8 Bp'B>yaD*nK i"5a tBaaa'tPNii 
nh iyD«iiyn jy^r \y&vwip nya«pny»K 
nyaK'nas^sP wsa"x p»p aix ,ayay-is 
-xa px jyaxsa^nx in jyayp on ^r om^ijD 
-rrx ps bsxa nyn spi8 in jHayvrDP -sosj 
->ayi "lyjKpnyoK xn in axn /jy:^:8p yi 
aay-i pk baxb) DDyi D^T lyniaya inx aan 
is (baxa^yfya ■WDD^KtraKp nyi p« 
8H 183 jy^^n asu -ya^ay^ xh fya8 ,_ iys 
is asyn y^is d^t ysyrya y^xas^anyaa^x 
«n ya^yii /'js'Si^iiyi,, nh lypnnybaix 
yc»8yaxTi8 18 jyii .jyanyab^riK B$n p^8 
,jyb"na"bya ys^yT8 fyaaxaya b5«u B382 
P8 t338oy: oy a^xn jys tytfxua n8s ds^ii 
,iyb88ba> ytDj^^Knya rh ps i8?ypj' , ii y^x 
8H basanyi Dy jyo b^ijm ^xa 5y»fi s'n 
|ys8"ipya b>a b5>8U jyo ^ik ,piBP8T8ia8a 
-ya pp fyamw oyi tys^yn is nanto x px 
»ai nyn nyn8 iiya^naax y^xam sh jya 
in ~ixs ?xi8b P'R B8n oyo ^ypJ8 — ay^ 
ypi8D^ y^8 K'li ,yiyi38 182 mini* i« px 
px D^na MT8 T'synoD'syias pn p8 ,niai^o 
njiry: — nyD"ii p« .vwy? pn «'ii D"ia 
18"t lyasn "iyo8J85 kh :y\Tn iyn pn ^8^ 
-»8^8P twya ^'•si^siiyi 8 nD8»ya "p^x,, 
-nisy-i „ya^3ynaKJi8„ {8 oyn:nayj p« K»a 
■5J8J lyn oy ii P^aiayi yoma yryn '8 -P^ 
■yoK b^o tyv^'yn jynb JJ8!? k^ii od^ii *iyn 
»a mix jyio^w ys^yn -jya^aynp iyj8pn 
b^a niK ,jyD8n^8° tyia8^ p« Dyayna 8H 
ba^^a — |yD8n^8° lyax^ab^^P |yT85>i¥is 

• 8^P 8 

"18^81 *iyi by b8n bis 8T8 nn« b8 
^ypa8 iya'b3"i8Bbb8a nvi vvwym b8a 



ps "lyoyiDiys kh ikb jyn^pyaons jyasn 
*8btrya jya"T \v&vw i ~w ^5awi VJ ly^ 
jynya fya"t lyta8^^8D"D , P« -iybn8s P« iyi 
nya nn pa ^saa^a 8 ^sa iyna8^ iv a^aiys 
•bn^DB^ya »^i> jyaasyaiv t^8 ay^>8 .nynyiij^ 
-"jnya kh D8ii ^8f>8"t is^^o io kh tJn 
■ya iv iy:>8~i3BnyD jyasn tyb88aB > yba^a 
nyn tynya jya^r ,^8a8p cyi 182 tjftngx 
■yi„ ny»8a82 kh n»a bya;8b nyaDp-isb^ 
8H e^nyx ,baiKiiya unt ".iy*iya8 , »iti?8n 
.ni^aa nayrnta 300 p^aiayi iybKa«s yvaiu 
ya^yn ,nya8na , 8 jya^: «t pa yaa^o 8 ,- i 
-ayn ya^ii ^n is tytijt^is ta^a i^a« jy^n 
yB ,i 28ib b'o jyapsiiya t»K ia8^ B8i •iy-" 
■yn 8H nyiyiiB' ^»a |y38b ya^yn nyi^yn 
.iy?8'*ib yay^b p« aiyn yy)n kh i-ih jy^ 
-aytba^in in ba^aya aanypJ'yaya ya^n kh 
jya"t aaybB^o .808:82 p« is^sp p8 "^ 
: p»5a ivdit jynipya lya^n yD^y^i ,jnojnB *n 
■»h nyay^sb'K ^yfisasna rTyasp^TyDR 
-183 ^^^b«a lya^n »t .nynay^aay p,8 |y^b 
iyyi b»ii 5>st ^8a8p iyi T8 ,bTaynyba^8 
lya^nya ay fyasn »t p« -iyiyn a^bnya 
-8a83 px tybB^Knyab^ iyaspnyb8 nn 
"»t »t ;DibnaD'8 ayn jya83nya is fyba^b 
,p^aiayi iyn pa "ny^nyn,, kh bsy ay jya 
-yp ywn i"i p« b^sn nyo H'p;8 ya^yii 
jytaaaya nyi iypy^38 Dy jy5m "» ;yw 
jb'^o io yaya^iaunya kh tia ^yna^a 

.18^8*1 

bisiiya i8a tyo ^^' n f8baa i B'Kii p8 
- ,, aDa8P 8h D8"i rbanasa yv^y 8H ? ,n8 
yayiiya8 c, ay; 8H d$i -tyaai^ya r8 t8^Kn 
-8a 8H px jyasiayaans a8n "J8 , si^8iiyi« 
-ya ^t^ b^a pk P^aisyi iy»8a8a yayn^a 
jyb^8my b8n |yb iv^a 8ni .jyn8iiy^ iy^82 
■^ayi nyaspnybs sn 08i .n-vj-z yr ( r yrn 
-ni3yn y": «h a a y p n y : s - , ^; ;: s i 
-8a*iyba^8 kh |yaya r^8 D8^ Snsuas ,p^ 
iyo .yna8^8 c, 2H iyi px D>anao yx^-v 
_ 8P iyi .a:i8sya b^a aya^oyiyx ya^p a8^ 
yp-ixatr p« -p^aiayn y38iiL" 8 r8 8 , 2 , :»!' : ' 
ya«iiB> iy38n tyaai^ayi y^bb^b^BKp 
-ya inyr in b^n iya -i^y "Wi P» nyp^ya 
*iyo8b rp^aiayi y^a kh tys^ya is a^n< 
tyaipiyaai8 ryaxn^o -iya8na^8' :, 8P ly^yii 
■y-\„ nysasa nyn pa ?na tysnip 8 jy38a p« 



(38) 



fiBJlplX KH 



3S 



ny:y*uiay:i 8 am ,D's wi vt tap? Kpnynx 
pa niTK tyoynaanK jyjyp ny tayii — phj\x 
kh irpK ty-i"jB>a$ pw tsyn ny jyii ,jyx:K:i 
tDD"»*>ii nyn ? £tuxp-KQKJK3 ayi ^nn tpk?i 
oyi tro iw^oBnyn ^j ^t iy ayn toa^^a— 
jpbdkh iv ^11 "»y lynf'yii -tyo^n |yD>ii^ iv 

.jyjj^BnyajviK 

-jy^ ^j r« yi*na-5w8P"KDKJKa sh 
"$'xtf$yiyn„ sh ?ni^nnj§ ,y-ny iv b>j d^kb 
t»bih |ya$n p^mayi iy"j nyi pa "tynyj 
«h pa ty^-ny-n^a y^s D^nys t^J T^ 
•=1^3 jy:"t Dy .tyoD^KnysD'K "iy:Kpny»x 
kh p« -ayii pK iyo»pannw Jijyj fyn^mya 
iv DycsiDD yrtfyn ,k*3d$5$p yens 
kh *pw :njyt33x to 1 ': ,«oKj«a iy^aya 
•*y5 d$i ^j e$n ,tya^jynp nyjKpnyos 
Tin "iw IJtfjni to .m^rya d>j mijm yo 
y^oay: xh px ayn jyjyn fyivn ra jyn^n 

."eaaipiv,, pyDij 



sm ^yn jj'VpjDpjyne nn» phj'n ktn ,Dys 

-nsp nya^ayiB-isa njruw»5»a nyi *hk 

jjib"x "lyivsjxp s pa niogp 




■8J8B nyen»vna«B nyn pa "nyyie» j'tre 
k oajK^nyn pity iy e$n i^v^iyi nye 
WW .B^yii ny": nyn pa tf«n nyn p« b>jsp 




.■[la yj«B pa pa 



jytt)"p y-uypie an rfyHjtfiya -m^an a^n'a 
;upmy: nyanyp p*e p« up": p»e fya$n ,$ 
,»eynDKy:i a$n tk d$ii ,$oyn:i pa ins ny^ 

...wvv~\yi iy^ v» B$n 

fy*i"5 pa ,nm pa :iyr$^ya ijbSdvi a^n'a 

;td p« e'^innya jyi^Tiyj triip ^k pa 

tyjJi^pyj anayet? B$n 4y^ k sjy.i pa t>x ikii 

. .."!tk X nsj taps KH„ 



,»b»3*i$:i s biB>a :t3D"n'D Ipk^tk x iw una «n» 

;^11 iy b^ll l^no "in tre jyp nynyiy^ p« 

d^pi ti "iB> ny^ — ?jyn i ^ d^j kh od^ii px 

.-.'^tDB« ~iyi PN ("11 PN 



39 



fn y:«ta p*a pa (39) 



,n»t?j p»d — ,tb Ba^tfj ni(ia ,fyT»?iya ■utfon aM.i'a 
n»'K "a vw own pm ,yj»o ^itfijnna ,9 

iyny? wo ,dd^id \"n ,nu»p w»d VpM,, p»d 

...1"K imj lyiynya 

jinna ayn p« ^w jm ,nny p»e pm d^ pm 

iDu pm'd inii ,pimb pM pm n^ys jyuyBaii pm 

,yJM^ ynya^a mh jyiyina B'b vm jnMBiyi 

...map nyi pm no»u mh 

:'?5ariD Bas I'm pa ,nyjnj nyn pM ,ito pM 

iB^Mnyj d'vimjmbsi pa p^xa pn ,bs:i ,oyn ,s 

,May im t« iymyi fya^M pa — imi bsmi tb 

. .."iB^Ma Mn„ :uyjj^p pimbjp 

.2 
jyBMjpyjain pm dsn nyttfgp iyi i^dti pm 

rtnnyita pm Btfn pn 
jy^yBsnya DyoTiB 1x11 ,»k5sp»j rune pM 

JjyiyB^ MH B'B pi MH 

|yi8B?M p'e^rrna imii ,iyB$»p iyn ubSdvi pm 

iy«M.nya \y:»i bimi 

,iyiiyiw yiwBB»5a b^o ,d^v yjyi5s:i b^b 

jiyjJBte pM nrpBDMi 

ijnftni yanyn pa tyDuyj fyiyi'D imii 

,nv5n *pik wia mh 

— niJBm fiiM "t ^im tya Bjjyn iypjyi"ia px 

...nwi Ba^^p um^dii pm 

rian iwnD p*o ^m^bmi nana pm 

;tyin»' yi"B BiMiaiya ,» ,vx asn 

mBi^n yon mh ,iyay^> p»o pa >mb ayi 

...ijyiMSiya miiy *pim bixt ^m axn 

,iya'M *hk tyrsSiya um^dti vm asn Bvy imj 

...'"•Ma iu„ jyBsy? p'B pit? BJSTyj i.tm asn v* 

?jyB*iMi Bvy \vn nny^ k^i ,i.h Bya vm ^b a"itj> nyi 

...?»ia lyByiBS bimi — \v^r] ra i^;ya pm 



*^S5i^r%^Nr rC&^G^S^C'h l]^^^^ 



.JPBJ73 J1S BMIpIS WH 



,ta^x n^Dxj nyn pa nnio yjypjn yayu 
-ayom "nytypan,, nyi pa *£*n nyn d^d 
-tyi^iiya nx^P px tDpy^SDjy ,taaxt? 
dxii ,nniD"iit3KJ ya^rx yrj"« fyayii 
-ojy D"V lyuty'? nyn px dxh yoya xh 
vraD^x ynyt3"ii ya^n px tn ^11 rBpy^a 

•lynyi fyaan 



* * * 



tyaa"i&"V yoma y^x jyasn jj^^ d^ 
ttfyii nyvjNJ nyn nya^x tyJS"ittya~iyiaxaxa 
nyp^oya lyDma nyi dxu hid tyonna nyi 
D»nn nyannyaax? x ^xa D«n wa 5»ey 
.-iiDxa "lyrpyatanxn iyn "a fyDnyaDTix 
-Dfinya-ta^yu pn px dsh ny&5»a ^oy ,ny 
Daxnya ,p£iya px DiH8DX*isax£ fyta 
-ya oy dxp d^s pa dxii ,iyDpnsna yanrx 
px TitDw yixanyiaixii sn ma tyaxo Dayp 
."tt5yii„ : amxttxixax? 1 lyixaiynaixii "irrx 
-yriD,, px "pyaa^p,, fyo^n lyttpnqna xh 
•ya Dy ya^yn ^ya^ta^tDann xh ."piaxi^x 
px px (pyaasp) yaaxp nyn px *pt lya^a 
m ii oy yD^yci px -(posiaxynta) xxpxp Dyr 
nyn ,nyta ?y3^o^n»ayj"« iy^t iv »? rya 
spix aaipmi ynyww nyn px nn tynia 
pa D"ii *iyny» mi) .jyinya yantrayD xh 
yoxa "iyp-ixDtJ> x ^xa — lyay!? lya^anyiiya 
lyDXD "i^a x ^xa ,tyj TT ttax^ yaaxp 
px nynytaaio tt fye bStb xxpxp jyoia 
iynx ,aaipyntaay yD>na pn .(.a .1 x whb 
"toay pn *pik Daytaxa ayi ,taaxtya -lya^Dan 
■^xt^axp-DTia h arrx "a jyaxn aaipyn 
jy^yii to px ,oanpyaax Tax^t^H pa \vw 
jyamn ix o«p3^ayo sh jyaxn -tfxa y^x 
^y^yp td mi ,xxpxp px yaaxp yanDDan 
dx"i DXDtyax '"MPi* ya^DDa^p fyannn bvk 
jyay^a pyta^y-iix ynytaix Di^nn 'Y^xt yon,, 
.rrn^a yon xh pa jyoipya 
yDax^yi »iiv xn dxh nyt^^a ^»y 
x pa jyanvyaonix fyepnxia ytDDiy^nts 
inyr ]yp \vn djjii .tspntjna lya^a inyr 




DnyDt^nya ,xt axn T 
-XT iv nyna o»j ^n 
Dxn ,n 1 x 1 a a ?ya 
ayn yoya ixn id^d 
iyo»m *iyn px p»t 
.aaaipiv 
'11 " "iiDxa XH 
ya^yii ,Dax^ayo 

■yaniDxa yoaya ,ya^a^x pa ma OD"ii 
a^oa \v^v^ ovy in>x px t'k ya^yn ,jyvDyt 
\vd xni pt ayn px) ^aa mx^aa tvayj px 
("nwaa,, dpx^ dxt ''i^anyiiya namaya 
"mx^aa pa wdp kh„ ,vt Dnyociya ,jyp 
yin pa nya^-ic nyn px ,jyaijn D^a nx:i 
■yn t^x ny^baxK'ayDnniDxa x d^x ,ty$»v 
pa ^yoM -iyi mi ^aa x pa d^ii nyan 

.nny iyn 
■!|>« ^11 f'yp^taix iynaya^xa ayn px 
yam'iipnyo ya^a^x jyoaxiDya fi^a 
o«x yDvy? xh dxh yoya xh dxh riyoya 
d^d ayii ayn jya^v nyn D^a px jyt'iiya 
■ip"a ,Do*iym$a tsnya yoya xh lya^yii 
y?y*a en^ px one lyiy 1 *nx anayo 
lyo^na nyi anayaxoaxa iix niy^ao y"iyiiB>: 
r!?x nyD^n D811 ,-\vim ivi ,pny^DDa^p 

.inyv px inm 
n» pnyo D^a pity tavx t^k y'Da xh 
dixii °X"i) "Dax^ayo'ii yvixiw tfypm 
-ya Dy px yw 1 ? onvo pa doxlj^ "y^oya,, 
,^dm lyiiya px xn dxii -("nxnc, oyta'H 
pa DDixiiya jyasn n^iao H i n , » ixa tyn 
tyiiya xn px »n nxa ^ix jyn Px nn^x 
,iy5ypan x d^d jyaaxmxa ^^aytDann 
-axiiv pa jytrayo taix .iy^tj> lysriKiw 
nxa y^oya iyn px px ^"lyiaimnx 1 lytsoa's 
tya^anya (yoya) dix^i "yvixiit^,, dxt 
-ayDMi kh ,ianiax max ynyraix pa hbtps 
-D^n px ix^p iM"n T'« iyax Doa^yr Dax'^ 
-yaD xh nxa p« ,pt y^yn xh mi -v^ 
avya y^y^a \v:"i wnvs nyi px tyDD^x^*- 



41 



ysya ps Dsaipix «n 



(id 



y^>ya dxn pa ?jyaxr yp^wis p'p jyaxs 
lyaxn tDifyryajyoKtw |W"? iyaxr yt^jxnx 
-jxjia) yrnx:x Tin DDixiiyj nyp^oya xn 
,DJxry:i xm ,rx dxii — jyaxD^ \yvny:iyi 
ixa xd .(jy^yiaB'jyDKtiif xm iyw5 "p x 
-jyoxm tyjyp d^ raix oitja jyo ^t d^ii 
■ya kh jyasn ayn tix ?fixd^ xtx jyvyr 
*yj D"* yo^s d^j i«3 -^ vw pB ^P'e 
lyrayj yrnx:ix Tin ,nnx : mao xtx aaxio 
-ktiv jyj"t Dy jyaxDty ya^yn pa Dnx to 
.(lyaxr) Dnysnyp y^jxnx tin ovyryajyo 
"ynnrat^j,, yiyn *ixj jyrn dxi nyas 
nyax jyo^n p^x lyaxDt? yrn ; lyases? 
.jyopKii px iyay^> i«r xn jyaxD Djypyj tan 
x Dysy nyanyi rx "oaxnp-Djyay?,, sh 
■y'py nyjn'nvjnn nyjtDynpyo nynymTya 
px ,iyaxr y^nxnx px DpyDtr dsii ,Djyo 
xn rDBKB'jyD^i ya^jyo xn \yp dxi 
td p»p \yp nyanyn .jyaxoaxj b»j ,yoya 
D3xoy:i bij *isbb> jytj^xnx ix pa yryo 

•lyiyTi 
yS5>x B5«noyM"n "lyanyi fyaxn "? 
ya^yrx dd^h dxi ,"yB"jxnx„ px fyasotr 
nyis) lyaxn d$ii fyaxr pa nsj iyoip dxii 
ySsBD^o^nya xn t* px {v^nyi jyasn 
xn /'ytyjxnxjx,, px -- ,"DaxnpDjyay5>„ 
\"p naxip xtx co 5xo p*p jyasn dxii 
"«nt33"K yrn O'o px .oxny:i b»j niT'L" 
Tix D^nnya Dax&^yom xn t* bxh :un 
.ly-inx" D'o B"it x 
■DjynyS, xn fyo nan mao yiyn 
■yno ysj»DD^xoni„ nyix -"ynxyntroBxfp 

."ynjj 
-ynt3 oaxnp-Djyny^ ynjxjy^xr yiyn 
"ynxynD y^DDnxDm xn„ nyix ynx 
.ttxnyj ci tyay? ty:jx^> inyr p*p nyax oxn 
px Tt jynxoD wi$b*hbw yajxo dj.t) 
■jiK;tyiy^ivns nyTii xn ( o«x "vtosiy^ nyT 
nynx "Diornxnnrxy^" wnw Dyi *iyta 
•Djyny!^ y^i wi$ynu yv»UQ^xw)rKy: 
nyDDyn^ to^ii nyn nynx .ynxypiD"i3Bxnp 
pa nytr-ixsii^^J yDDuyt^nyn xn pa an 
px ,tyD^i &i in^x pa fy^^i d«h nyrjix 
.(lyanstotj'yj nxa ry^xn iya^ xn \y:yp vo 
lyay^yj in^x nxn Bx^rwitD tytooiy ayi 
.ixcyaxia ny^ta'-n x ny^nyii ^myna 
px v^d;>p nnx^ 1828 px uxn Dy nya^yn 



DpnifiB nyi ,\viwn yoma px jyaxo ca^n 
■spiK T't to^ay: ny ^m) »jny , it"n*n» BD"n 
nyp^ya y^x n:n px ,(runtwi .n n ,pxn px 
■yno px pyaaxp tx jjx^ nx: pi^ jyo"^ 
nya„) nunp yo:yn^ inpt ty^n poxnax 
■?k iyn iv (jy^xT nyp'oya xn xm /'tDi:xii 
lyayntDDyi pa ,jnjmrp*n iyt:jxpya nytD 
tDjypy; ta-'j ~\y:"p ^i uv>x T^a Dy Djjn. 
.jyanpDmx yiynT-p^n nyi pa v5bdj*p 
x pa iitfyoBnm yanno^p po xrx 
ynyojxpya yaxaj^x d^x dphsjiib jy^^oya 
toaxoy: t:a>n iy:yp Dy yalnni ,jyDpnx~a 
px xm ,iyDjyoy^y xn pa ]VW\ 
yw)Vi-\$n nyn pa pyaaxp lyi ^xa iyrr,x 
nan wviynvtv xn pa y-ynr-pxn xn px 
xn px "yryDJ^D,, yoya lyi px v* 
nyanyn tt Dan nytr^a ^oy pa ajipyitDjy 
."poKiaxyno px pyaaxp pa yryD^D xn„ 
nyDDiyn^ nyn rx tyaxo lyryD^D 
■"x nynyiiB' "pya ta*»a -y^oya nyi px 5"hd 
x pa ^nynn:iv xn) iyrnx:x xn nyn 
px xni dpjib ; (.tyDjyDy>y yj>n px -\y*iyp 
jyuanx dxt t'x iyay^ jyan^yD^x ayi 
nynjxjxa dxt ijn"« ijnyiw Tiya d^ 

.fyaix- , l 
-na yoya xn D^^a jyiyD^D Till 
■?yrx ^nDDrp tyvyr^yaxTiv \y:yp 1%: iyn 
px nxa mDXj nyi px |y»ip dxii jyaxD-j* ya 
-ys nic* p»p dij ?^d pn tyaxn dsii jyaxr 
Dxn tyaxr ya^yrx — („D^iaian„) "^t px fya. 
-xnx 0*3) "y^^xn^jx,, jyany:^ fyiyn 
iidx] xn dxii jyasiDB' xn iyax .(yB"3 
■px tyay^ Dsn jyaxr px amx isj D^yna 
"jyax? yt^jxnx,, Dan iyo dxii — fyopx'ji 
jyop^iiya px jyo^yeytrya ysiyiy'? xni — 
dxh lyaxDL" ya^yrx — (d>hdxi D"n nya> 
jyaxoasj D:ypy: d^ t^oya nynna fyo 
ins 11 75 d^o ^an id ixj .lyryD^D Tin- 
pa tyom jyannyws d>j jyo D^n pnw 
-yvnj -Dpxn nypra ,a^xn c^oya tyaxoax^ 
jyo L"Dxa ,nona px Dya ,a'oy ,b*tbb> ,pi 
-ya Tin jyaxo Djypy; Da^n nnyr piL" dsh 
nyayiir nyoxii ,db^ -i^xt jyryDrD yu»» 
dxii jyaxr yiynjx px ^kp ,1"-\p .yiynr 
jyaxt ^a d 1 : i^a >n iyoip tidxj iyi px 
.fyopxii px jyay^ dbi* 
■ajfj iy^yp d^j jyn ^xt "iyax D^inxa 



(42) 



EMlplX K"H 



42 



-ya hk'? nnyr ta^yii nyn pit? pk roy 
u»tk bib's tin "iyn$ "p'pToin* .djxp 
lis To5n p« "w: to tya^aya "a'Dypnv, 
-13 ytpana pk y»'D»n yo?« «n pk tik 
nyi$ ,a^ay nyn tyoayoy^y ya^yn pa ,nya 
-;pDy kh T^a^aa^ Dy oan jyo n %, h 
T^oaya^x pit? iyo ogn ,onyo^yn ,ynyp? 
pa annas p« nxa ^a ODWiya 01a nnyt 
nyn Tin .onynainnn*o fyoanyva^a ayn 
-ya osn ov^yxnya ya^yu ,a*oy pa yTnaaa 
"*ijn nynna pw axn tk am ,nya$ .02x0 
yiyoa-'D k pa yTnxax |K pa pk ,oaxo 
onya ay p« ;ny^nyoaiK nyanna x "iny? 
pa ijnnip yanoy yt?an Tin T^anyiiya 
-nyp ayn pa jyTyoa^a sh oaxoya onyn Dy 
-«a« roan px 01a p\tr pk nya^ni ,nys 

■lynsiiya otp? 
yanoy onynnya pw o$n nrx 0$ px 
pa yp^Kaa Dinyvnya pa fynn^ a^nanyx 
-$na ,yo^K nnyT ayi pa yryoa^o Dya^p 

.^dv :opn 
ayi nyn$ ,ynyin^Dy «n o$n y35$p 
: tyoayoy^y y'oi&'a <m pa oaaoya a^ay 
nyiT pa ^otrnyDKii ^^o^'jy^ip pa 
ytyoa^o pn 1* ny o$n T^oaya^s) .*i$o&> 
,fya$ot? ynynax "^a oviaya ^yo'ODB^n d^x 
,y^TDa^n k ma o5>ya^ya \yn$n "t lyasje 
ayn px -typoa? a^a aasiiv k ,5wb$ ww 
pk a^n (.pns* o^a «t jya^T a^ay avy 
-aayay^,, an naa sx^p nyayna k ^a jynya 
■^d s* pk a^ay nyn 5«vi ,"yn$yno _ oBKnp 
-pan nyn nyn^x aip^aia ayn nyoaspya 
?y^a o^onyn tt o k s;n o^yii kh p.« *i$or 
x a^ay nyn pk lvnyn .oTaynyoa^x nnyo 
k ,T"B£> n d^x oama jyo a^ii opn^na 
-aaiaya k nyiaya nyn^ ^yo^o-Daannxa 
lynyii jyasnyDoy p« _ typano «n) ^yo^o 
-Daannxa rfya^p "m- ps o^^noyaa^x 
trijji ,rnKpB>D p,x ana«o yanrs :^yo^o 
^o^> K^ii -tyoipD^iK O'a iyp ^ayo x ya^yii 
,^yo^o-DDiaya pK — nyasoi ,b>«$b ,tsm: 
nya ya"? tik T.a lypTii ay ya^yii ,ywtx 
,^n^p^x i^mfi ww ^oysa pn tw >\vw 
o^a T^a nya^ t^k ay .a .1 .« nyaya ,r^r 
yvayna yiaya p^p tyn^iiya oi.Tayaain 
-ya px anaxo lyax^p yn«a «n w&ww 
tyania nyanyi ^i 5sm tk p« ypayno 



-yanxi jyaa^ooya p« DV"ufo«mjaK^ pn 
tya^n d.tk pa d$ii ,opn^ia ktx o^yo^ 
nyn .a^na yanyay^ rn5a OTsn^na dtk 
a^n .fi^OB' n ,^{<;oc'-ixn od^h opnijns 
Tiy) ly^ayo pa nan^n iyn px tt oa^aya 
o$n y s oya «n lya^yn pa ,(a*$o n axna 30 
■'i« nynna imy a^aia o'o t^^ oaixiiya 
yoonnya pn oiiTayaanN o^n ny^nyii nyn 
."yTyoa^D-si^o^'p^n 
o^n ny^nyii pa ytyoa^a wt$i rh 
.n .n .y^oya ny^^Kniii nyoaxaya^'T nyn ps* 
0^0 tt oa^oaycya Dy ya5>yn ,y>oya nyn p« 
-^^a x oasoya ,iyaanamya y^^umji 
,nyanyp n ,^b"bd •t^^'i.^iiyi yanao^ 
OTxn^ns aiopaKan^ nya^^ayo nyn d^ii 
-^oxn^n^^ ayayo^nya jyanoaa^p pn p« 
px fyoiaya jyo 05?n ,iyn s a xn p« — ,Din 
p« Din^oKnijaK? t/oi^a x px o^Noyaa^a 
-b^ ( yay^nyvn^a px ,{yoT?oyi yanyry^a 
-?y n ?oaxnp-aayay^ sn |yn t>x ikii I W? 
pn^oB' n^'yo «n p« ny^"i^anio«a ynyo 
-n^ 1 n,^ TT lya^n "t ]\k jyaxo^yaa^ o^a 
n jyaya ,y^a xn \vm oiysoxnya aas^ jyi 
■>n .ynijyntD ny^oD^Kom nyn pa lyxyi 
px n«^o^a o'o oynxoaya tt iya^n 
«n T'K Dy kmi lyvotr iv ^?Tm O'O 
-Dayay? ,yDay^yaa^ pw T?oaya"'K ,yo^x 
jyo onyii ono pa nya^; ."yn^yno"oasnp 

.anyay^ o^a 
t^k -yryoa^D* *i$twp9n ony^nyn ^i^a 
-DOBNip-Dayay^, xh pa jyay^ d^t pw. 
■jy^ip pa .jyiiya o^a tyay^ p»p "mao 
■p , »otJ' p« ntjtoB'nyDKi'i ,nfc?o^nypr mtav 
nyn pa iyoayoy^y y'oira oy^s ,?i^dl" 
05?n ,0BKip-Dayay^ aic x tnjji o^yii "aon» 
"Kn«a«? pK tt "a oaypya nyp^oya nyny 
-«o T^^'y^a p,s T^^y^a y'oi^a p« Ein^o 
,*i^dl" "tyt5"a«an^„ iyan?yT ayn npaia iya 
o^n "oax-ip-Dayay^, ynx3iyiai«n xn d^i 
-n^ayo kh p« lyaxo qwpvi n^a o*\x t»a 
yTyoa^D siijo^pNn ony^nyii -lyny^a ya 
nnc nyasi'iE' nyo^ny nyn ?yv,ya nya^ pk 
-ttii «n iia ayir^iaowno iya^na ayn tin* 
•tyTyDa^a yc^axan^ ynyo 
ua^p o$n nyoyac ir\& ya^a^N 0^0 
■a^aay,, pn o^o o^yii xn D3xoya oaxpya 

."yTyoa^D 



43 



JPDJD pS fcSJipTS KH 



(4f 



Hyit ^SBtny^iP — iyt^yay^y yaxap's 
jrtnPB isa ps — sisBtrnyDsii ps *iSDti> 
-ya oasDyj s^ay^ra ^ypy^E ps ^y^ry^ 

sh ps tyaya sh pa yiyspa nyn ^sa 
jy^w ps "yHxyntraaxip-Djay^,, yttfs 
Dip ps y^oya sh nxa p« ,jyaixDtryjax 
•lyajuBsn yoma pa fS'tfsBb x lyuya 
yanrs pa jyaatfyj px Dy tx n5»sa urn 
my nymx *pis t* }y:'Bya dsu ,\ywow 
mi) b'j ixj jyBDxp Dy ya^yn px ,anymx 
nyi ps ^n D^ayj d^ii ,*isttB>Hypt ny^ 
*iSttBnyDsiv nyn ,nyDsu ps px bbi5 
-»ip ^yn s'ii) Hy»no B'a nyix hyosii px 
-•■IP pa 5«b b usDSJ>ya-DS ,, in iyn :*u$Biny5 
yj'oa'ii yjMiK jyaxs is (j*5sn px iy5 
nytais ^snspJ's o'oy spi fyapnififi 
.11 .? x ?ns _ Bna ,dp«ii ,p-isytJD ,p2kdp 
ntrax ?pn pyn o»x nyt b'd dxii D"ii nyii 
jyaxs ty:yp via mix o»x x ps tyc toyn 
■^sj yiynas ^sj wviyvy^y y'Di^a sh pa 
xh ps ....?D"ii iyii .jyp'BP y-iyj'twu 
.t^xjy: D'j 'Pxd nyp'nya xh eipi aauasn 
DpyiDjy tyo ta^n {ytaya xh ^sj "i^>xa 
■ya ay ya^yn ,iyasBt5> sh pa yryD^a sh 
px to^ spi ,niT3 y^y^a ps *pt jyj»B 
»i lya'j ay ya^yn -jyDsasjs ,Dynxa ,^>yay 
;ayu jyaHiyit ayn ps nn tyou iy"t w 
-jSDnyijyans nyi pw »ijn lyoya^ ^xj px 
xn pa yrytwD sn tyjiay: nyt^a ^ny nyta 
iyn : ^d? kpi nypiv jytris yay-jytnya 
ps Tt B^Bya dsu ,iypiv iyi) nypimsana 
,"iypiS"tyan.*iB lyi ^lyoana ynn y^y^a 
"»vitM"NpK w oj>Dy^ d^ii ,nypi^ lyi) 
Dj^ay^ D^ii ,iypiv nyn) ,iypiv-^^o nyi ,jya 
nyn p« v^ayiDa^n p« ^^d nyn px tt 
tyoma ayi .ynyus ^j?j |is (^^D-tyma 
.lypix lym^a yni^pya nyrjyn aip^aia 
nynna kh k^ii pk nypix nyi ^^k ps 
■'ii ly^DTcminKJ y^DDni ytsaijionjn 
pa tyi^iiyj BDS'^y; L'-'uyo^D »p«o iyi 
nyir ^v^Bi'-iy^ip : lynjyoy^y >m sh 
.siv^D^-nyaxr, pw ^v^dl" 
pyaBKp pa ytytD^a nyoDy'• , ] pn iv 
lya^n n>a lya^yii iy:yn .pDKiaijynta ps* 
taj^n ^yp^Bin nyni« pa aiKfiJt? p« taiynya 
•y^y »m yraf'yt nh oaniaya ^ik ny 



-^na y^K i»a "?yb''D"D33nfiN3„ di^h d$- 
jyay dis wiia c:yQ nyi ya^yn ,iyDpn 
.(iypjno aiv ivi$ 
yvmv kh rx ^ay pa ytyora kh 
"oaanniu s pa a:iiBKB>ya ya^oya ya^BD;\-: 

.^ytD'n 
^ww: iyi tDtjsn a^oy ayi ^2 n^a 
«h B«r:y: tji^biya lyp^ya -iy^nnv:«-i2 
.^^n8fp5« ria yryorD 
V? Bj^Bya Dijni ?ivN!o^ nyn ,^r»j!p?K 
yiyn:x i^; ps dbsjb' ,iy»a ,p>n px 
p« t^n map tnyn jyo ya?yn pa ,niKPB>o 
p« nnyi pw oax^'^yTy: nya^^ya iyi 
.ny^i^a "ly^ay^ya x ps nyo^K p^N inyr 
D'»i5 piB> .DiTK n 1 ^ jyraya ^om ps ^s: 
BDixny^ p.« o:ypyj nn^K lyaxn nyoay^ 
tDsn »t i«a nynna ^xj pk ....aaipTii pn 
-yj nj xn«t iytD?ynyi3?y nynia DiTK pits' 
-"X D'ynxiKiiK? pa i« d^oki pa .Bania 
•ajyay^,, dxt |yp3iiBya a^iy nyi osn [yt3 
-sp^x ayi jyaiiyj jyo dxh 'ii«) "nyDsn 
■'11 d^: (yoya^« nyt pa ta^v iyi p« ?»n 
kh lyDjycy^y y'Dit^a ya^yii pa jnjyo 
B3n p« -unytD^ya "np^e xny«fio« yansn 
D's^cnya pa yp?KJs-^nsp5s D'ynKisiis? 
x nya'N iy^x:y:ain nynm t^x yiyora 
! lynn^' 1 nxo ya^xn 
nnyr noxa iyan»*i ayi dxh x^iya 
ymspya tyoy^x pn rin s) sisbb> fya'wii 
-inya yoma x ^y^'ysa ^: ny dsh 3jiptii 
ps yoya iy3^t:a k sL' , :yD''ii iyn ps ajio 
yiyrjis pa 'psb lyn^ii Basoya (pxnyb 
jytDjyroy^y y'tawa »m yoispya :yo^s 
.tiSBB>"iyDsii ps fixBc , -iy , iT fimxsvrwfrMP 
ny^'Dya iyn ps tasn c*yi inyia ixj 
lynya sh pa yrytDJiD sh nasroy: a^yii 
^siat? nytaiB :^»5 wnMis uh u'li 
Tis 'its .yiyus lis |sio _ b"b ,pisyoD 
>'S"B'ia ^'^ «'ii ,|yDy2-|yv:x^aa n %, t 
sh tls ps r ,s ,iS Dia _ DiPSP ^'is"tyip5s 
.: .1 .s ly^'S-i'DB' y'uvj-B 
-'ia s nnyr niynn ?a5 !yj"T jyaya sn 
yi "t jy^ay; iviyi ^y^'D-Daainnsj ya'b 
ps lis fyxas^BB y5s ps ii»sa nyi p» 
lyoDjy^p ay- pa ,D'sna yanyay? y??s 
-in nysnyp yrr^n sh ps .jyDDyna ayi pa 
yt3JSO"iy"i3ya'is »m sh pa ^pxn iy*pn jy: 



(44) 



BBJIplX K"H 



44 



ton 1 ? ,yaHtay is nis \yw pa ma n ps 
n tayu »D^i3«n .11 -t s I'rpa io ,D'a5s io 
inn tayos j"t nytnyii yayiytnya pa 5n$v 
sh tro ^""iK t'K yn^yr Dtp .*iid s 
•y^y p's t? taa'aya ^d s ,tyDJoy^y nya 
xm) nya'jyii "wiix nyn ps inyo ,taay» 
s £b>d5 ,nvnw sh ps ?ywa oyn ps 

P'K pK tV^'J 2 ,]'l\i2 3 ,Q'S3?« 5 ps B*HJM 

pa mo nyi tis .tainypyams !?s*as ps n 
ijwywiiji "ijn ps fy^st? fytaaysy^y sh 
ps yid nyn s^n -y^si yjHSxiia s yoya 
.lytaiyu nh ps Ts&yn Dyi ps nvnis kh 

■n to tayu nyry^ lyBSTpnyDB^s nyn 
ycy'asans sh ts ,-tfsa am : jyayna "iya 
-sas^> oyny^ ps |yaso b*'k jyo tsp nyanyp 
,yt^^«jn^: t3' j sh Km tapaia ,dihsbki 
-lynas p»« ta'o "t jy» can yBTDsn isa 
ps in'Dnvo s nsa «t fyam dsii SjyDsa 
ta'a kh ps »t isb^iw PtfTi nyn t»k dsii 
?nyaiyp *wasans 
-y: ~iyry^ iyn tayu ntfsti> y^s kh *pik 
."DBaipii?,, pyiaia yiytami ps mai&>n fya's 
lyo'Has si "i^ ty^yn iyas 5»inyi 
.pn is tt oa"x yoya pa bwipw sh dsii 
dsii ,ayu ayt tis prims cantnss nyi e*tf 
: taasitaya sn fyasn I's 
bd"ii -taay?* dsii r^s sm ,K>jya nyn 
\"i ps lyonyaa'is pa jyay^ isa iyp ,fyn 
jyasi pa .n .n ,iyaij<;^^ ytyasans lyaiyp 
-yay5 lis jyvas^a — jyopsii ps fyay^ dsii 
ya^yrs Ts,taa"oya asn tyo jyii .lyasr yan 
-D'ao'Tiya sh fyascrya nsa iyp |yasta^ 
iyas mtasa nyn pa "taasip-aayay?,, y^sa 
)VP DBstyayom ytyoya \"i d*d caya nyi 
onoya jyo asn ,jyas»asJ ^^ isi» Dica »t 
pa jyay^ nsa }vp vwi nyi ts ,jyonyaas 
■spin lynya dp^s \v? ntssa sh dsii .oyi 
.?s nyns cvy .in^s »a cms ynyntr pn 
tyasDivasa ayii nyn ti'is t^s y»yD sh 
,aaiaasn s rais sn D'a /'jyasD^ ya^asaiS" 
oyii |yo iyn »p"5t s lycip jyayp tsyn Dy ts 
-jyoKTix B3"5 jyryDa'D y^'oy3 ^nn iyayp 
.aynn s ins ly^ayo nyn tb t»6B> jy^yDt:' 
-yaas iuppa rasa a^an^isa ps ds~i tas 

.y»y3 pa taaaipiv sh oy^n . 
.p»BB>o\5a •' -in 



ayi — jyD-iya s -^sa "t w ps lytoaya 

.*ti)N9irp f fiv 

-jy^ip) iytaay»y^y nya ya>rsi sn 
ps fista^nyDsii ,*iijoBny»iT ,*\$v& 
ps lytwyoyf'y-ttB'in sh wvt («iijitwp»o^ 
lynytacyn »t pa .D^yn iytr>asans "iyr 
Dy) .nyaiyp yt^'asa-is aii dsi v^aytDann 
")VP y^'asans y^y'a ~\nyi y\* nyas W^i 
fiSD^-iy^ip pa iynyD^ya oy y^w ,iya 
,5yajnw sm ,\yttiyvy5y ynynjs ^isa »'D 
(.11 .r .s Dsna ,is^a 
-yayiisD'iK dst ^^ayDais to t^s Dy 
■am ptfa i^as pyiast ^s ^ia D^a lyaya 
ta^sii Dayotny nyaiyp nycasans ytaoa'D 
-yii "taaaipiv,, uayn yvasa s nsasr to nsa 
lis ,p^s jyoya sh nss rn^n \yw: a>a 
pip nyan nyty? ly'ewe ~iyn b?sh oaytamiv 
-saim sn jyty^ixann tasnya ca n^nya 
y^'asais kh pa jyr^ya wn'ruiswa yanayi 

.nyaiyp 
yuDa'wii sh taasoiyi Pi^a asn T« 
iyayp wvyS sh ya^yii ^yD'o-Daannsa 
yoasoiyi nya sh pa asta fya^a^n 
•jyasia iynayoy?y y'owa 
rtytaprjsna yaitaam yiynas sh pa 
-'is iya sh pa t»is ?ynyD^yn oy yp^yii 
■"T oy y^y)) ps ,jyt3ayDy^y ynasmynaya 
DDsoya ^Dytaa'D a^ta jya'taa^n m pity \y: 
s nnyr jya^Diyn th^h ts tii ,jy-isiiya 
-na -posiyp : c ?wv'? «'ii ,5»nt3 nya'Hp 
y>ya inyt nyir-^saisp ,p?yrsn ,pnys 
nyta sh ,jyB"T p.s tyDTBisa yaynytnsa 
,dd D'a'o yiy-iy^zny* tis s'li msiai yt:D 
pisvy^s , Sana's S'n ,fyansa yuoyi sh 
dsii nyanyp yuns^aopy sh tis .s .a .s 
,pna»is ps tt'its \yv:yn nynayrnD lyaayia 
""t D'osan ps piyx^jijnB^ nyinia sm 
"lnyr isa ps ,^sa ps ,„iyaiyp ycyasaiS" fya 
.ynyias y^ya inyr ps 
nya pa ^an ^d \y:yp Dnsa 'its sm 
-y^nya ?ya nrs fynyta^Day jyoaay^y 
nnyr ai^a ps Dns ot"ii dst 'nyanyp yayr 
.^saa"s -\nyi dst fs ovya nyas .aH'ntypio 
taayp ,.i ,a ,a ,s nvnis nya sh pa 
"iyn yiyiwvnyzi 24 jy^yta^ayosTiv nn's 
.11 -t .s isna ,anas nans ,5b>b5 sni ,iyD 
.a p's ,a p's ,s p's ta>a nyas taonya .11 .t .s 



.a^xtan ion" 



-xaya tasn taxa rmi ,ixa xh tan taipne px 
ijn *ixa xm rx ,jynyr oyni "irra px — .fyta 
amx taayp "iivk tx ,]vnvnvi tayn D-np^ax 
,pna x tro ny tayn ,fxnta on Den -ixa *inyia 
x'Dmaa "pn rne ^no« D'yartf is fins 
...nna x "ikb "aim jyta^xn tt tayn px 

.a 
-nnxaxa "lyryn^yi nytranx-xna nyn 
jytra-ix-xia ayn jyariyaamx taxn did 
.Dinntaxaxa lye'DTip^BK {yty^^yn^taas 
jyanynya tan ^t tayii P^xs dxi lyaxn na 
hks rna^n ,*nxa nia^n tx ,r.ypax*7ya ore 
5k DniDon anan jya^n eDaxii nia^n px 
nia^n ,a^na lea nia^n rx ziyaxDpnxsn 
jyasn Pa wtmsovvi x ps nanta px nea 
,|ya«T yensa ytaom xh *inx jypip tayn yo 
tx "uny^ d^ii ,Dxaya jya^oya x nnx smi 
dsii tx ~\viw oyni ,|yta^xn i* anno px 
pa ;yax?a ",5aen naa„ inya tan 5ni 
-5sn dmi3 px jyryn lyvaxa x mray w»n 
asn ny d^ii ,D"peH^yn ~\vi ta^o ti jyu 
...hisa-DV dx inn ryayay:s — ,jypiixa xi 
"ix^Dmaa jynya v s> :v Wne, 
.dtip^bk "iytaDayna iyi px nxanyi px 
px nxa px ny anx ,]XDx5nxe nytaany nyi 
nyn pa lyixnya nitas nrcx p s x *inx tyyuwi 
tie max |"H mo taxn ny anx ,o»p;p5"n 
iv taaaoyp ,r\vmp kh jyanxnyjaxix Tt 
miay,, nyn b»b ",5aen naa« ayn tava *pxb 

...".mi 
,*nn xh tynynanx lytx^ la^xtan 12m 

IfyjiHan axn lynynanx ayn 
ayn nxa tyanaxn iv jynynanx \yn tx?' 
nnyo ayn ,ta^yn nyay^ sj»i« no^a oayTK 
iD^yii nyn tins P^a ycn^K a^n n«a jy-ins 
.^pdii^id^' .n -*n 




a'nn jyta^x ayn t^s am 

anoiD,, kh tins "a'DTip 
I"D^yan5 
P»5k in»n a^n ,h «?„ 
,ta{?ay; Dtata^a a^ tan D'Pi 
kh ^^a in»n Diytaay^ 
-^tat^ ,»»pb»tk yvasa 
ya'nanta yny^K ta^o ^^a i,t»s otx 
d^ii "t px K'H »BinipK -amayn 
i^T'eya ly^yiv p^k ^ati» lyayta s lyay^ya 
nyayn "yps^i^c, nya^n: nyi tan tanytat? 
,inn lya^a^yr ayi ^»w taay dijii ,^»k isa 
>3B>o x nxa tan ^n ta^n ps ,niD'Dna i^a 
-n p« mxa yvnip ...?n«na yiyayn s isa 
ta^D i^hd iv B*p tas^tn a^ii mya yta^a 
d$ii — mya yvjxj ,ni»a yj:N> ?n^atrn 
?"$a»n iaa„ ^i rx 
.a 
nyas ,njyta d'ih fyta^s ayn t^x taayiyj 
px tan tajy^ '"?swn naa„ nyi lafcn ixa 
px taay^ ny .aixa nyi px px aa"5 nyi 
yo asn ,ayn px taay^ ny ,tasaya ayi 
I"p 1X3 in px taxn axn ^x? x tarany: 
x ,B"^a ^ypnar x ,nxa x :on viiyi) Die 
x ,nwo x ,pi x panyn taaxo y?a px ua 

laya^^n 
tx: kh tJW'JP t« pi x amx tarx^ 
"pov, ayi px "?ma„ ayn ta>o xpn ryn *"r 
px "rm„ ayn ta^a — fyeayo y5« xm tan 
ian» x nxa dxt taax'a ".yas«« Dyn 
px nniD inn dxt taunnxa ".neinpac 
po' ,no»n 'n pD\, :piDa ayn ta^o anm 
tya^a^x lyny «nn ta^r /'rn ntriy 'i 
"?iy na„ t s x axil ,ma jib amx tanya axn 




.otyn ywQ"i n"t 



nya^R ^rj jyrn ya?yu jyajnyny pom 

.^njyBP 
myu myoy^y p»n tr ,rt5r BD»n dri 
pr dri {IK ,|yiynjR jr pR ttfyiJK'nyjniR 
■yn& nyfc$»!asB8 *iyn &'» TnatnyTTi pR 
pa Bjy»K"nia nyi pr ya^yn -yns 
tr ,ujyDyny:i {yo Bgn avy^ fn jnoya 
tr ^^nytjyiyajis pr L^yoy^y ny-y 
->n tro nya^yt iyi wr on^Ja ny 
w: 5&B ]"p *pw tt typ iy tr pr ntfyo yi 
■yjapR Tt brh }yo .py-nR IR PR pyny 
■sn yrtfyii ^yp^a^s ya^sDK nh pa ttax^ 
iyB»ssTs^a„ iiHM8iyr$i nyn Dauy:i |ya 
p« "5a ly^KiiniK jyjyp iv dir ",p*BB> 
M"^a :t3D2^yr oyoioRn t^yna nvy /tf$i 
cvntn "i^xn »n ?DRnyj aayi ir:i »t lys^n 
#110* pyoR n«a r p« pynjyois ^n jyp 
ynyn^R d>d ?Ra nyn pn D'j ay 5rt on«n 

?|y?RtoyD 
-ya pr lyp^pa yap-u y5« ^Rajyny 1 
ay? rh avy ^n lyayia ttfyn nyi pa nyp^o 
.jjHJU"Bny yi«any-mRn yrn |yiy5>piy s ,v 
-HRi iv tyirpa oyii drt tr ,iv tya^ y^R 
lynny^ yww nyuw vx ly^ny-ny y^RP 
-rbr jyayu usnmya^R PR iibw rh fyjyn 



.nn^yn ]\s crusn 




"DJy D'lyDORT IRDySRI 



mwi nyn tr ,mpyi 
-Ri 5R&y» nyiRaiyi 
n^yo h ^sj dkh am 
-yn iv »5ynj8iiyaow 
Ir>vrhri *pn jyn 
Tt pa ismj#D»riK) 
(tid^) tojyoy^ytR^ ayi px (jy^nRita^ 
■jyDm rh ir3 D^yoyi y»j r pr ,ai^ym 
n^ lyaxn nvim jyjyu .ttfyn ya^a*^ 
"Dajipiv,, nyn pr fyayn^yj 5rd -irs r pi&j* 
1^0 ,jy^Ri"nyim wj nvy 1 ay ty^yn i>o px 
nya^yr nyi pr tr ,|yayjy^ya^R jxi lyasn 
dmir ^i pa tDi^ |iR d^hriu^ iy |yn ,to^v 
lyrn -TR3 ijnyiw R tonyD^^y ,D"piaynR"n 
M»5 ^ypnyn jyo rya^yn ,ai^yn Dy t^r tr: 
p,R aRpDiRDpyaa pR w$ tfyi rh ^nn 
nnyr pr ds^ nyn pr -^r Drayj nya^yn 
■naapy yuyjpRyjjR^Rj .drd ypj^»5p« 
r , ,, yD»Ri iRayaRia urh (oyasia) jy^jyo 
,jyryniya .ly^ny^y: ^yw^ny ^yvnn^yz 
■yj Tin aiHRi pa tspynn tooip av^yn tr 



.(47) 



atyn ^nDDva nh 



-ya va fysiaya au nnyr s^s v* ivo fw 

.ajiaa"? 



-VJ pa 25 ^"O 8 rTVWDyB'D BIBB ps 

yt^aya ya^na s aayEyyji tyo Bsn rpn&> 
p 3W nya^yii ,nyaDSP txrvsnyia is phbkb 
-T»tD«3 ayn pa wj "ij^j b^d t* wn^Bnyp 

pa ajyaa^a ampya jyo asu nyaasP jya^ 
^yiais ly^nyrs ayn sins wis yaniya 

•STS»nSB 

nnyr anyi! nyaasp ts ,B"ii nyiyny 
-asa nsa nyas ,psny» p« aamaya ^y'a 
pa J'ffijfi'""!! ayca ts ,}yD"ii yB"5 
pa ampya jya asn ,nya?asp jysatsa oyn 
,tyHBBinrs ps aamanya Biyn -stsansa 
yanaarp pa ts^spnsns nyn ps Sy^syaD 
yasn ynaynns^BDpy ,T«5tfyD pa ,-iyny5 
nyn am ntn .11 -t s (B»5aay ps |asp-tsa 
ps ,nyoyn:i r^s Bnyu nyarasp pa Tinaya 
pa nsa ^m ,nyapaynt?ya 8 ps bsbst nyi 
•ipya jyo jyp sTs»nsa ps nyana yamya 
Ba^as? st ^snynso jypaan nyi \ya 
^sa isnyn ^yap nnyt phb pn *p5TBfca 
asn ya?»yii -aarijnayn nytyjsas 1 kh ta^tn 
"j^K,K3 i a.«a5yTa ,, Kiyj , Ba^i ivr^n aasanya 
asn Din*n .nyaasp *pik ^sasasa s an.Taya 
tyannya nn nyBtasp pa PHB-aypnsa nyn 
.aaia s aayD eo pa 43 pa bsy pa iooo b»t 
ps nyaasp aiaya jyaipya ]VMP is dik 
-SJS» -lytyisas^ ayi pa pyn is maa *pis 
is tya^a ryaii lyoiaya nyp^aya jyasn ,^-sa 
ny pa .^naarp ^yp'ans iytn tyn^snsna 
-DSP iyi ^8t yaa^H $ ay bj"b> p^a |ytM5> 
•aiK nyn .ty^ypaayanyB sh is anynya nya 
,paayaiya ya^anynya jy^ns ny&nya 
lis /lyaiia-yaasB pa aaipya jya ya^yii 
.tisBtmynt asas p»n ps isa nn nyaosP 
■i» ywnyi yDniya ^n st^« ^r fya jyii 
-ya ya^yn ,pDayaiyD ps jyaanaa^ns ^yta 
■sii ty^^nta 16 pa 33iDaynya k pa tanytaa' 
isa ^statyay^ip tv>«no io d»d ns^cnyD 
ya^an tyasn tyo tayn -tisD^iym 5«no l 
.sTs»isa pa Km ynsia iya»sp 
« lynyj by t^k wbpmfi nyn P« "yas 
•n^^ tyasn nyp^oya .yasaa^K v~\yw inyt 



iyp ,n\HKn rx ,nyas jytaannya ya , a ,, s .jyo 
-ayoKTis t^k iiynasT niD» s d^j nsa t'K ,pn 
pa nyj"» djjii ,nniD» isi?e « pa tfyuvys 
1$: d^i -jy^y^Piy y~\y^x .ai^yn p« s, t 
fins jyasr y^s rs ,-^jyra ijjsa ps (yoy^K 
fya^aana^iN p 1 ^ pa \yv)p D^yn iyi 
"jik jyonsa yoniya is taonyj nya^yn ,*iijM3y 
.jyiiyBB'Dis yaniya ny» 
jy^yn ya^yn ,}ya*na r^s jya^j c$i 
*ntn jyo :taaaipis nyi ps pyn tny^pyaane? 
-yjjis sh p^oenya is nyBnny^ya s vi bu 
h nsa jyjsna ya^yrs pa B^pa^Bani yiy^n 
■=ip s ^sj Bsn "iiBga sh •B^ntJ'ayB ysa^a 
ts rjyasn iyp jyo nyas -nnio y:y:nsaiya 
lya^ayaD'ix r^nay^D'a »t Byii yjyo iy-t 

.Bas^ayoni nyi pa Ba^ jy^yn nyi b^d 
ps nas^B^n ps jyo Bsn y^nnyn 
■»xn»pa is jypnasa aynanaya T»npa»na 
pa Bnyn$aya Bnyn nya^yn ,ainm ?y~> 
-Dpy jyasn is din wny 1 ? y^s ps yanny^ya 
lyB'isaisasa nya^iana ps jyaayanya 
bdsp amsiiya n\ .m?ya ynsa-iyijisii w«t 
Dsna p»n asy BB'ipiya jyo .ly^na iny: vj 
jya ayn T^"B>insii nsa -is^st 2000 ^^a 

.nyr^a bits lyi^snsia is ^ya'-o jyraya 
nyp'aya ps nypn^a ymny'pyi lyans 
ya^aas^aya'ii isb an^s jyansn ya^yn 
"iya nnyo r^s T'l.s ny aiyn ,jy^idsaasa 
■yaanN asn jyo ^"li ,annapsi pa aaas? 
ni^yo sh jyasn jy^nsio^ y:"t rs ,jyaia 
jytniya asn jyo .ly^nsna^jyaaayi sh pa 
s ps DiHNi asn; s pa ^yaayrna s ts 
ya^yr sh asn 'py-inyi y:iyiy^ ypa^s^a 
jya tyn -ly^nsna^iyaBayi sh asn aaipnni 
■sas jy^HBpy^y jyny^na nny: s aamaya 
■sy^ais sh asn ainsn -lyaipya is «t asn 
■ya jya iyp tySmnop \y:^i asn ,n$yn ynsa 

.jyasisas dw ins a^s nyny 1 is tyama 
ayn ny ts ,pn a^a ^ya^ns p»p typ cy 
pyii aannaya ^y^a nnyr B"S ny-r d»b n^.s 
,5y»B^»a dis -st .^ypyiis y^ynaDnrs i»b 
-yaiy-ns' s asn ny is -tyjiayaB'iN fya asn 
■aniN iy:yp asn rtyasBtf ^ins Di^aa^s tyn 
typ Dinsn y^ys^a s .p^ s vt ^ 2 t y '^^ 
lyaniya s pa pns> typnsac s |yama>n« 
nyrn ps ,aH^a-p3 s s aa^n aijii 5«nyB8D 
a^onyi .B^poynNii tns i^vn isa t>s p»B» 



(48) 



BflttplX K"H 



46 



-jib yw^ywy'py kh jyrp^a ixi -tyaxT vox: 
nya tid jyn .""iypxjp yjp-tfxny: x a^a jy;? 
« anna-iya b*j ms ,ny»w xh tyaxa^ 
-n pa bbxip xh .Dyax-ia ya^nx "a pyii 
jyv^a kh pa aaxnp nyn pa ax Bjjyn ny: 
.dbi5 "iyn px a^paa^a nyn pa px 



ixanx lya-iny^n nytjmm^xia nyn 
p^yons "hd> nyi tx ,jyTmya axn y\nax3 
JiSBBnynr a^a tid 1 jym pa Juiaaynyn k) 
*t<*o jyan jy-PK dbn ,bb':i nyomi iyn pk 

"•1TSS .fyBPJKriS W1V2V'? pX T»T DJ>3yJ (DD 

a^a^ ny .nxaoxa px ^ynynty ,|y^ip xm 
nyn px y^xi yraam yiy^nyjJix is anxi 
pa jjib^di* yDmya x inx .a^yn iyE"Jx:nx 
"pax: .lyvaanpy to 1 ] rrn p»p jyp p^yonx 
j/r^p x inyr px -pd 1 jyrn pa dxo xh ^h 
jya a^xii bd::xt jyn ,DinpJKnx iyny^ px 

.{yn^iiyj ayaa^nya 
-xna -nyainy^yj WPivjxna nyux is 
iDaxayj pnw 3jk5 a^ axn ,txnanya -ixoya 
dix ,iy"x jyjyyi lyjjisjnsaaxj y^yxyaD 
-^xnajy m p^yoiK ^am fyraymD^x 
iym tx ,T.yjm* lyojyonyaDpy yjm .jya 
,^x ts pa pyuria y^x px ^n n^ay: iitr 
tyrfyi px px ?yD«ii px -n;^^ nyi px 
-D^BOTn v* oraya tmn x pa "x -iyny^ px 
-yDix axia^a x pa Syanyrnvms x ^h 
-*?)}} xh a^xnajy panyn ^yaHrmw .p»a 
-xnx px pnx aoip p'jyDiK mx Km .5ya 
dxi ,nvn kmi aia mx tyxjxSa ,jyopj 
vtfvw »iy"K kh -jypynajy ix ^kj aam^a 
yim ixa aamiay:i axn ixiaiya -lxoyax-ia 
/iwrpn pa lyaipya jyjm ;fWMy»nysDpy 
px y»n ep£ lynxiiyj tsT^a^ya ly^n ya^yii 
Ban "^ix .jyx3K?a yjyny^iya pa ^xaax 
-y^nya pa ny^x px p^yo-ix npyivw iy 

•!y?;na tytoixD ywi 



.toy? p« pr.-i n^siru^iD^a 

px •tfx'iittDx ,iyn^any ym>n mix 
~m x |yjiay:onx jyixn j»VB"5 pa DKna 
xh inx tytDiKP y^^axnjxoxa jypm s ,v ^yo 
-•^b xtx ivnyi lyamnyj m .oa^ pa ya^n 



-asj rW3Y?w »»! px Dy T'3 D^anxyj jjx^yn 
d»j xi ^n jyjyp i>» .niDXJ xh jyaxoiv 
nyrn jyjyii jyto^n^yvr^x px jyTx^^nx 
/P^K'nya ix raan dix .ynDDnrx iy»j 
-ptojyaiyD pa nyaoxp w\p jyo mx xm 
■~\ynyi ixj ty^yn Tia wyi \yiyp \yt> nnxi 
-'oivjyoxTiv px ant? nyo^iy nyi tx ,jyp 
axu ,jnyn: yomya x o*» pt^jyanyo fys' 
px (D^piynr^yiiBK'BB') p^xrpx DD»rt 
nya px wmaya ^a nnyr ^ix onyii Dxn 
iyo tojynp nynaxj -lynDDnrx yjyny^ 
jjib"d iyrn pa ix^vx^ddh x Tin nyaoxp 
|y^y ya^yn yi»j»n ^xj iyo BDipya »anjn 
ixj Biym Dyvxia nyv^x: nyn .Diynoy px 
y?x px px Bpnxna lyi px 4y^J^t:t^' i;> 
■08P lya^Tuxj nyn xm idu mx lyaanrn 

•xrxoixa pa iya 



.]V^"l2^2 ps s n^p«jp tn 

rx rjywx yj*tM"n »a omi lyiyny 1 
nyi px ttyvyviyspy^y pa ryrmp jyv^a 
Dnyjn oy tx px Djyp^n xh px p.x na^ 
dxt) Bx*5a oy jyn yn:ipyo lya^yrnyn px 
iyo xm nyoya^ nyjn ayn »nyn jyo dxh 
m^5 dxii ayi pa toaip ,y»5a nyi unyi 
_ xn nxj .(jjx^p iyi xm iy^yj^ ^y^a Dan5 
"wd'in dxt mx ?jyv^a a^'a cy bpkjp an 
•Dpy ^d x Baxoyj yu-\ny^y: \yi$n ,jyray: 
jyj^xo yw~\wy?y yo'-nj e^a lyn^yana 
ypnxats> inyr jynpDmx iyp jyo ya^yn pa 
DD"n dxi ,jypjia yvnyvpy'py wj»$ px 
^jypiiya jyasn jyaxia yrn .jyv^a yj"5p 
siD8myo«n ayn ^nn aaip »nypwp xh tx 
yvmyupy'py xh .bb^ p« yi arayj oxn 
^aaxTiyDxii. ayi n^x mx typim jypjia 
pa /finiD 1 mis xh nyuxjxa jyn^^ m tx 
yt^>aya ^nn D^ya^y^yoxTiv t^x iy yaJyn 
■nyDKii jyTxa kh pa r^^ayj jjioaynya 
jyTxa yrn jyn .PixatJ'nym px fixatj' 
pa btfajnx ayn nyojix ^n wuzynyi 
■nxaty nnyr x ixa noip ,ByB*snopy5y 
^nx t^x ya?yT dx~i .ixnx^BDpy yp 
pa iyB^B>yjain Biyii noxTiyDxn fyn 
■yj rya ?yn .jyp^a y^nBpy^y ypixatr 
px iyrB>8B yv^yvpy'py yp~\$uw aama 
B'o jyBsm xh \)s \ypy xn ayiraiya jyo 



49 



Btyn p^o^; s"h 



(49} 



-ya tik pyn pk aait^nya yoma k »t jya 

iv jyaana^Biy «n .'yntaDna'K iyt pk Bsna 

pip pa ya^n kh in^t fyiaKiastasa jypm 

.ya^a "lnyt k pk 



jyo D$n oyn^is ytaaKDynyoaiK inyr 
ya^yii ny"K bid BaKoya pntsr ajK^ w: 
ins 1 k tynsnya iyB5>8nya lynna fyrn 
.v5>KT _ mHSD yoniya k pa aaipi? k pK D"V 
yBP^yaanK nyis bkp^c-dihkd pk Dip) 
b»j dk; iy"« pyn ajit"5 ktk p« .(rs?a 
jyn Km ,pna ■•itk iya"?a "i .jyanipnyB 
-Doyi pa .jmn iyn pa dtik B&ny fya"T »n 
.nyanin iynnaonK ta^a »t pa tyo fyp jyayn 
ya^yw DTana tyasn ytnnyfra ya^a^K 
tk ,|yjiay3DnK jyasn pk ny"« yBTnyryna 
^k: ,jynna mv Bia aHayBts^sa jyrn »»t 
nyaa jbiwpb p« B^KnaiK jya^iya^K nym 
5kb pip *riK ny^« vvi pa jyo nan ^ip 
Dny^pny Dip .*iyftrumn jyDipya Daypya trj 
yDniya k fya^ iy"K jyn Dip ,o^onyn jyo 
Diyn ,bkpi^d-dvikd pa aaif' 1 ^ k pk D"¥ 
Kn xm ntK BynyaiKmya pay?$B> kh 

tD"»J DriKt BTK^ PK T^3 pa jyaKBPya B^SII 

ya^ytK pyii ayn ay^iv .BBtf kh Tin 
■••it: ayn aynw nyas ,fya-np*iya b»j iy»K 
«h yrtfyn ,BBtf tns .jynna nix b^ »t |ya 
aanynay ya"p jyp ,irh dtk5 pay^KpnynK 
.^ya^ya p« ?yD"n kh p« fyDipiKB Bia 
•r j k *i p .a 



nyDsn pa TDpipya dd^h osn ,D"pa>D 
-ynyiBnya "na D^iaya tanyii d^ti pk *isbp 
jyaya is fyma pa tin nytwnsn rtypynx ya 
?ikd^ nypi .'ansa yaytfsa,, k i^^n kh 
ya^nyiiy:i pi^ik nyn:«3«a ^y:t^ ^n d;p^ 
ny Diyv. on«n p« *i$DBny*iT px lyomi 
nym jyajjn spsn jyo lyn ,y^ya p« wnaya 

^>1K nn^x jyo \vp y^xi^D^a nyi px 
kh toyn iy 5»m rB3'5 o^d^'j^ tyamaya 
nyoKii p» pyii iv D^^ymjru.KJKB n^y» 
-nnya p» ddip ny nsj kmi ^DBny«T p« 
-susa «h pa lyv^r-iya^n kh wn ar,*> 
uaxrD sisD^-iynt nyn .^vaxa y^^axnj. 
iDoipya jyo p» nya^n kh nxi^ j»n 
id^sh jyo K , n ntH yaKiastssa s y5w5& 
.tore tD»o iy^Koya. 
■^aiy »H jyasn ly^xnastssa ytfym 
«t 5"n /'iya^8B8P« ryay^y; jyosa k anyi 
tns jypm nyn lia yawns kh tn -tyjyayn 
iy- pk Dan ;yro osn 'Dyi ps o;y^ p^ 
"iya Disn \vvi nyoaiK ."d'T^isbbp- yoya 
-y; pa rtfyo yisaiynasr «n jyo unyuv 
-2)-\yi:y ywyi lyanwomK lyast)^ yoni 
■»5a t"?8 njynnyn ,jyast3^ yiynjs p« jy* 
fyo jyn £ywa dis .Diynjyiyajis «» ;ya. 
"ynt^) tytD^piynr b^d ^yoasnp tD^yi;snya. 
tsoipya (.n .t .« jny^tnyoys^KD ,yiyn?-^ya- 
■jy iytD^pa'D^anynr kh nyas nypiv tj»- 
,nt« pk dkt nriKn -ta^.a nijia ^aiyi ^n pjn 
-kp pa |yin:^any kh .o»a "K3 iyn d»ii 
-sn D^Ka^yny 1 .D'ayeyn k fya^^a d^pSsc 




.nyya y"2 



.,"iyina its B*m p« n:'ns ps ta»m 

]J?SEDJ,'P IS T'N Dy DH K'Tl ,*!* 

,iya«ii pa aya lysn'hys jnya> 
.•pie n ps ]y»«natt> nh »ni 

3ann»nfl p« tasjn vb jieonp "lyiyiit* 1 

,ijnie> p'T ^>no TayniB "»i ac^yo 

,iynta to nt iNi nans 

1 inyo "iya»H -h aj? 1 ^? T* ti« 

? way 1 ? in in ins ijn pn dkii 

laviBtp tin a:ni ,eb>ij "in: ,bbmj ixji 

lytnyo y'lTJia jjttna dnii ijn 

?am pa rise lis afyni n is 

jaiasKfi via BC2'; n ,s]2nNp ly'baKJ 
:;jn; ji?a"S jnjnitt> xn aorNE 

,1J?3J?^ p»P T'N ]JDJ?1B» ]HK 
.M'lB^H TI2 DJ7 BD3'J! H p« 

,iy-may;i j> ,,£ ? t« ^Kna^pa 
,p:N-ip ,ij?5K"i3is aya j'sn« 

,B»'i"PnS 1KB 51»ONp ,N ,"]K1 IBT'3 

! PJN1J?J "iy:PXJ"N p»B "INJ 

ttpm lyvn yans ya«i ix viw'? pn 
'■^a p« d^ik tJrawiw PK ivDoyn dk ny 

: DDnyj iynjy.1 
,T« pa fyn»a nh 

,-|PPN B'M DjrillBD NH 
JJN^P DJH BJJJp "1,-pN "113 

.to p« wpymy 

,J3M TN D811 *TJ?H DN1 
/■p'N "183 "t« p3N"nj?S 

" ,dibb> "pM pa p'^N 



■lyuygs D'lyr.KtfiiHa 

x tamp np3$5 pa "D"rpna„ irana nyi 
pa fyn^pyajyoKm D$n an d$u ,p:xn 

jik ly^r nyi pa -iyny^ kh lynyjyjD'nx 
lya^yii nyn^^ii^n .' ,ny^a jy^xaujx^xs 
,k"5x-ise px b»pq lyD^yj. ^a ntx uxn 
oyBasiat? px |yrr pa bxtx px iy dsi 
-d^-ix xh unxn "lynn .tnn^n x px cxy 
■y5 yxnip x ^taxn jynya ix t^nya-iya -iyny:i 
-y^ Dynyii ,Dyxa ayi pa ^n^n^yaojyn 
nyt^ix xh ixa |yT^ D'o 5>ia jyj«t nyi 
■Jis kh ix dnh lynjyjyna n o^o ,yapm 
jyn .y^^ajx^yo ysytD «t t^o p« nypmnya 
ly^yii ,yjN?a>\x yn^iix s ix jyoip oyn oy 
jyDy^iya d^ ^^ojya^n "lynyaoniK kh 
.yaNU^^a D'-iyii^^i^n 

TT dJwbb' nyiy^ W"t pa y^y^a ps 
.nntj'j yo:^t3nyinx p« ya^pjyip pn ais 
-yj yo'»nj?j irrn ,bjki fix ,i.tn b'h iyn 

l^ay: ,;nn p'o p« ,via ine t'n Bpy^SEa^ 
."i^BDiys 
: ftMKT ]yiyT:",N in tyBNJ oyn yjbyr, vo„ 
"IiyjK^s kh iya"T vb ,nns nh iyi'n va 



,yij?cy-i^ p»p ,i3 n ifl P'P atjn -,»« 

,P»B ]1N B»13 pn n Nm 

,ynyc^a ]np ,pij?BD»nB ]"p 
....! pita y»^»3JN^ya ,hn 
\V2$n "1 — WfyntfVD t\N$'?B -nnx 
Dy jyaijn »t p» ryr^iya ta^ ^o p»p nn>x 
.Bpmya .tyiny: -pjxip oaxoya DiTn 
-"••nta pk ly^iayj i^j iy ta^n bd^id x 
aaiK^naya kh nxa tiaoxp ayi tyjyi'i tya 
-m i^d .jnajn"? px ycpmiytDais y?x pa 
■»a n d^x "dxwk* ny^ pn lyn^x sn jyp 

lysiKinys pn is vx iya'3 

,B1N 1J?7'BB> DNTJ^N ]N p« 



51 



.-iy^a y«j 



(51) 



p^tf vzixv nnyr d*d raxip 'n ta-m^xax 
kh ,?ytaay£ia-ix ya^taaxK>ayDm b'd p« 
kh„ tx -tany^piy px tx^vxa « pa q^od 
px ryax^xa P3 "iyo^K pk "wwv pa y*iny5 
pa nyta^x px nayav kh k'h ,jyjn nyn 
lyvjsi: px to fyne -jyaxnya yriyxi"* 

".jyanxii-iya 
yaKnp 'n taiy-i ^yta^axp jytny^a px 
-nye px nm yti>H>K kh ryayn q-iku nnyr 
axil .DiortroyD'DaK ayi fyayn ^yaaia^Ka 
-aix pa pt nyn *nx py^a nytaayna nyn rx 
-d»jvs kh„ tx ,taaxT pm .tnjruirnfHp nyr 
tx ,fy-iny5p*iy "t jyii ,taayn vw fya$n jyu 
VT jy^yn jy-PK kh dkvi) p^k o^iyt 
-nya^x px a^iyft moix kh B'o tya^aDPK 
(js^kp^ivv ycpwaxT^K kh tyianya 
"•tyiyii jya^snya ta^a iKa iyrx kh fy^yn 
,s a ,tk "ijn„ :raKip 'n ta-i$p Basr wn 
HKttcyyaax nx ^rpayj nytj^TK nyn jyoyii 
■an rasa ".bd^vx x ty-iyn B'a \vp -jya 

DK1HK3 :X^p X »p«B ^X"I T'K ,13 I^Q 

VT jy^ii ya^yu ,yta^ yaaK» in fya^aya 
^rpaya ly^Kas^sa jytyn b^o lyayayn b*j 
jy^XT ...?tyoD»jvx kh pa pnn jyaxa px 
*• ,d»vib x rx didpjvv nyi tx ,jyaxT "T 
iy n^xa kpi nyax rBayo^BayD ja Bpnxia 
iy no ,5>rraya x pa BXB^iTyn d^x boip 
-ya x $»v\ ,|ynyn Bvopyaay-i D^xaay-ry 
b'b fyiamya a>a pk iy nsa aPK ,S"pa 
*iyr pa ixn^x "iy*r px ^ytoanas ytaay^ 
ya jyi jyo fyp .mntM»5"n irpK -B^n^ays 
-aix iyi pa ^rpaya ayi Bay5tJ> Ta lyoaxnta 
~i,tx iv tt bb^h yaf-yn -tx^'xa nya^p^a 

...?ntD8o»n yo^x 
wmp 'n myi ^yo^axp lycvy^ px 
■^xjx^>'J ,DinT^xnoxa jyayii B»aijt5 "inyr 
nw oiy^piy px DioT^^xax^a^P P« axn 
ay»5 D^n nx^ jyp lyjva ijny\, rx j»oan 
l^r d^x ByDaxioya ny dx^ dx^ \V2$n 
■^sbb' fyp ,t:^pa^o>nt:2y:^x y^x^X^^J 
pa ly^ixioaix px jyajnn^a kh d>o jyn^' 
pn inx ny jyp »anyn iyax mS^'xj t»t 



Q'J T»N ~'K ny'7 |1K 

nny» b*j -n bj^u int 

iy^» cyj'Si^'N p»p 

■^nn tyti^xnojy jynyxa y^"t pa ya^"« 

■^a aiv -xni -typjxnyj ytr^axrx^a yay^o 

/'-iyiy^ yn^x px y^:„ /'nn^ix xh„ ^yatr 

.p .i -"iyay? Dtp,, 



pynox^a^a lyryn pa nyayao'TiK xh 
lynynL'nya iv inyia px -\nvn r^x jx jya^n 
pa ,P^xa lytjix pa D^a-nya y; ,| L3D•' , ; kh 
tyry^ ya^yn ,iynna px nyoDyiiB' y-iyr:ix 

WW"? H BSH »T PX ,lSriKB>T D^^nDJyDD^O 

nnyr yn«i yvjxa x tD^o tyiiy: naro *»t d"x 
lyann x ty^ymya dsii nyam ya^v^ 
•iypyn^x^a^a yt^n'x xh px y&b 
a^^a t^x lyaxaanx yiyn pa y:^x 
-••x lypn ?js ,, v«j t^x dj$ii„ ^ya'2 dYjkip 
T»k 5m ^ya^a lyryn iyayn "?tS'X8J x \vi 
-ny px ."lytaiyn issa x tyaxr y^miyi jp 
xn "lyoxaiye nyn Diy^piy ^yo^asp fytDSJ' 
■ya y^xax'vxa px fyajiayiat? ya^^yn^s,, 
,ayn ymo tx ,5an ^d x oaxo px ",jySTa 
lyaaipytDay ya^Dax^ayDm ya^am,, dsii 
-yaiu ^y^a ;yaxn jyaana^aiy w:zyu px 
"sasoosp pa aaitD^na^iya iyi iv jya^sn 
■yo pa aana^aiy xn„ px ",iypaxtya yL" , D , !' 
-^Xpya a^ayo bsn iyan«aayt"K px sisiay? 
■myiairyaax wnynna xn jy^yna is jya 
yiynna y^x jya^r -ayf'x nyi rxno — ,d s, p 
-anx ixa |ya^T ay fix jya^aiya |yjs^sa 
x anay^n ,v:x~\p .no ".y^a y^a jyoipya 
xn tayoaxnoya rO^sasDDsp-caD^R'VSD 
,^^-,y L .. ^,2 ta^pDiyiairyaax y^xax^'x: 
»»d |yp -taa^xax'vxa x 3Hay»T -vn ^yas 
x ^a -lyo^ya^x ta^a tapaia jyryn px an^x 
iyi nya^x t»« ?yii ta^nayay^ya yts^yw 
(*.-iya^-in , aa' ,, ix fya^nr yaxia 
f'yta'axP jyiam px px jyta^iiv px 



■sya px iK3 .lyusntr y»»on p« yty»Kyiayn 
-iiKs ?iKp .-n iypm to ly^yn lyoia jyoD 
".yaKis i ,: ?N3x'i'Ki kh„ ^yp»QiK D'aiya 
• iX'VPXiyi KH 



ytaoaiy yny tne jyBH. t'k "issaipis,, kh (* 
p« lyasifi yv«B^Ks - y^K»sKD lya'K j^'Dipcn 
Din lypm ly^'ayanyu b»o asnmya'H tayn 

,an)^ ^Kprni 'n pa typiaiK Dyay3y*iB»iyfl 
y:"T cd iI'okj k ncKtrnyc -p t ckh -lyr^Ti 



(52) 



BSJIplX »n 



52 



-ynasDpy^N .n pa ,D"pawiD yt^nsiyta^ 
-ya jyis^p n lya^a iN^ana y5>s yryn .iin~i 
-ya »t ya^yn ,iya»nya nh jyayn ppna 

.fya^-i^ 
-5nd„ tD"»a tn (l typnyoya isa 5m tk 
nyn p« ra^nya dppn pn ma d'^ndd 
-«? "iya»K B3»w Nn dsii ,tana-iyi ta^aiN 
-aNDpy^N *nyn wit? ay am ,nnana yj 
d'^dd^o ynyiaN pa ied Dy" nnx liNiyn 
PN ;Kag<&8B lytaasta pn -isa ,T.yaN*U8'a 
-nNonyn is ttfnya-iya asn fiNiasm nyi (2 
-N^ptr kh„ Tia jy^DDMI n d''sdd5sd \yi 
p^iya p« tapmya "»B"V nytaiN pa "iya 

.1901 pK 



-Na nynaN ik pa nyrpa nh iv i^iaina 
TN TiayDNpyi. jya^ayaiya tro ".JS'X 
-j'K ya^yii ,iye>ayn y5s w toa D'raxip 
yatna nyfejipggj nyi b'd in ty-pay-iya 

.t»6P ya^taD^a ytaanya lyasn rjtfm px 
,5ya*a lyaansmynayanN nyi lyonx 
"pyntaN^a>a y^Nas^Na-iyDa^N,, nh dsfi 
tyayS pn ^ytasBonN rtyayayaDniN 
■^ii ;n*op an»a pa ^asTs^s pn px 
;prisa .* pa ,-iypayn pn v:yn d^>n nyta 
,\v\nv$ wi px lyay^ pn ,n"2»i lyi 
pn ,p«3 hhjd ai ;anaaya"a .a pa 
;pmym .n pa lytaantr px jypiyn ,fyay^> 
■one .x pa ,a i & d taO y a J«u^ 'i 
px jyay^ pn ,'$bd?i$b up? pn p? 




.lyTj?^ x ,_ t is "lyoiyn ins x 



5m "jytj^nynya DDjne tDaaipiv,, sh 
xh nxa B^anx nn^K b^b fyonnya Bn in 
24 kh .lyty? yti"Tx «h pa aanny^pans 
Sm xn .p^x in ixa jynyn pyDia yBpmya 
iv px pyDyianya rc lyaayiB^aN nyaya in 
-SDT^Bax&'ayDni tya"»va"X ayi.pyayaiya 
xm ,\w$~VB#to pn ^xaiitp? tyts»BD»5»Ptf 
-n^ny Dy jy^yn 5yco y?ynyuxD xn b»h 
y5x pa ymBNasna kh *t>ix Basn xn .jya 
nyn b'd in jyT-DynyDa^ dsii »yany nh 
■ivans fyay-iDtr dkii jik niDKnyta^ ny^nx 
,cayayi «n p,N ,yDxn ytyn^K «h w^ny 1 ?? 
xn iyii ,iyasn is ntx toayi x osn xn rx 

.nyoia \yvi p« sni ly^triK ya'^yrs ca 
p« w^ "baaipvs,, nyi pa baaip.is kh 

.nyn^anK ytaDiKiiyaayDK^p ,nayn y^y^a 
. ,ona iy^ , DD^K' , VKD o»o 

•lytr^nynya aoyna toaaipiv xh 



nyry^ kh iv lytnyn n^a k 
•m iyn is in taaasa ny^ia jyrn tro 
pa Fin^iya p« ."oaaipiv,, nyn pa nnx 1 nyo 
ly^BD^^vsa wva"** lyi osn o»x nyi 
n iya«Divann taxnya fsaiKB'T p« 5wiwt 
pn in: laoxp lyiybna pk fjnyiw nnyt- 
-ya iyay^ pn t^k 5sd I^n tan .rwwipy 
pa dv^djsp nyn isa ,n>» % n k inx wr^n 
■a^ta fyaan ya^yn ,jyasaya ?nsv ya^?p kh 
nn^x tDsn /jyiytaa'Divas an^ ta^aisya a^ta 
•taytayiya lyaas yoma D»a 
■nyan^ t<k "taaaipiv,, sn tn ,tapsa iyi 
kh pn tD^XDtDiiaya yiyn*^ nh jyoipya 
Nn tn ,pmya n t^n ,fyinN , "iyia ,, p yaNii^ 
•lypnsta^ in pn fyDpNii tyw lyta^n tayn 
n oannaya Nn tn ,pniya n inN pn q$i 
•yaanx nh pa anamya ya^D^a yoniya 
.nyb^aiN ytany^P 




'$BD?$0 $> ,s «|K* 



dwws «"n 



No, 2 (26) 



FEBRUARY 1904, 



Volume 3 



"naia,, -ijn px fyoisnaxB ^tyrt^p 



ny iv "iya*a na^imyn^x t 1 ^ lyo^-iaxa 

"DRODDHP pK RM1 B"STnDB pR jyDIKV, 

nyn ,DiTy tyii -taaRaHytaani kh .B"v 
lyixaya oBnotfa pr ,xnnn nya*?BDHP 
-yj te'a px t3"p3'?p"ini isn px) tynRiiya 
yta^x y^R "3 aita dp iy^~iy:H:yvy: r jyn 
kh nyn$ d^rdrj rh iiaaf 1 nyp?ya-"nttfi? 
,ta"V rh tynya B»a pr (p.r lyn pa Biiny; 
•lyTR tyBayt? pr jy^Raya Djy^a jyo |jm 
.jrb nyn p« jyayiB ^^:nyiiyj ta^y^s dri 
rpnn tyaxD^yaanx Benctfa pr Dity fyn 
dri ,aaiv»Hp lyByi^aya^R lyi ^r: D>non 
eann pr rh jyu ,B"pa^pi*n iyi pr bd"h 

BP'tJ> PK "iyt3Jni pK B^lB "iiTR ^Ra rpiR TT 

-nRiBBnaaa^nHa y*irr»R iny nyn spin brix 
-y^> div mBRa yvaRa rh jypymy ya^yn ,|y5 
pr ya^yn /ins* pa B"V yaoya ynn .jya 
nyi d^>r nyp^ya y^R pa iynRiiya Bny^aya 
,fyB"x yttfK y^iia rh pr nits or nyBDyna 
B>n 5rd i«k B^a *iynayf> ya^BDHp pR px 
1%: p« ,Btfa y&»vR y3yDR3*iya pa iynRiiy.i 
.lyDSK^yo^i y^x pr-ib ,3rb iv oj«n pa 
-rib iy:pBD»;i pr tySynyBRn lyraiR pRna 
-*ru rh ixii ,-iyBny ^Ra ^t fyraya ,ojna 
-yatonsa jyiyii lyB^yD^ pa nirpvi ya^ 

.tavyr 
.njRfon pr nynay^ ya^/ix pa ya^R 
B»a ^Ra xn px {yBana^n y5ya px 5»n 
.B"p*iyoDa»a ya^iyttfKSytro nyi pa d'iik 
Pk ynya^a x jyrx pa shh* 1 rh rR lyB-ixn 
?ya«T lyDnsn ,fynsiaxa rnR i^ax ya»?pyiB> 
pyBDa^anya iv tynaianya brxbe? px yavp 
nrpR n»w lyvyn iv pR p3«a ria mnio rh 

"RBtJ' px pmv IHR' 400 ni*3>R B'D R>11 ntx 




t^R ^D'a nyc"Dn ny 

-rb r ins nya^R-ixa 
-ayD rh anx .D^na 
ly^ysyn y^yax'vxD 
lyaaiD^nymRB tyayii 
nxa-Bi^a y^a r is 
•••r jya"t )ijn'(fp pR 
-yaD^R B^a nanmya 
rw«i .lytoayiasBDynxp pa lynxnya caxiB 
jy^ax-iyDya px lynna ya^p^aaix ynyraix 
■py-)v Ty^t ta^o fyoipyaas iRa 5rd oyrn 
-ayDip DRi ^^a^^nnxn DDpyn pr Dy 
y^yaR^Roayo rh taiR jy^yn aa^nna jyi 
d»d pn naao ly-iym tyaaita^v nyaRpnyox 
iv lyaaiD^nyanxa jyayn jyDanya-Daypyn^ 
pR iMnmjDipnrpw nyn pa aaip^mjnni x 
ihr' iyt:vyp nDB ty^Dii oyi pa ta^^v iyn 
tr ,iypnyviyn raiR tayn jyo .nya^>p px 
iv jya^vxnx^psna lytRpyaD^nx taxn jyo 
iv yt ty-in^axaiR Dynaxa tx ,jyi^x jyaR^ 
px fyam lyDiRi px -iyr»n y^n'x ty^xaya 
5»m ,d'ir nynaRn jyn>R y!?y>a tr ;ryniR?a 
^^ir t^r Dy .n .t .r -DRiaxa r jytanxiny »? 
-^yay-i jypyn jy^anaxa ya^yrx tx ,v5ayo 
ihr» ya^tay jyaaita^v px rya^^ny a'Dyn 
ai> lyTya^yn typ»on iyny nxa naxaxa^a 
rh ir tyDyanya ^hd>^ tayn jyo pa aio 
"IRa rh |r xm »itr iRa-Di^a nyiiya^^p 
lyaaitaax^Dnx ynya^ny-nitj> pr yiyoyna 
t^x Dy .nyD^ytrE lyiytaDa^a px fyn'R pa 
nix'na yanymta yrn tx ^wn Tix *iyaR 
-^'p pr rph D*a anR ,iy*iyii D>ipo jy^RT 
*a>a pa brdl" nyiaR ir pr ww pk ,nya 
•laR^ayiRv tnyoa 



'-i:n2„ njn ]in pwu^s ,Yijwp 



I 00) 



IK pR "UnS DKB!S> I"R PR .nyiJ« IK P« 

.nyunaR 

iypayi si ,nyans"p ix BaaK^ynaK drii 
B^a ^kb k isa pit? Byn BIST TK ,)J1X11 I 1 !: 
-jk ik nyiK ynny?B-jsB anR .DRnaRB k pn 
jya tk ,jya'aya Byn ikv pa naviBtfa ivi 
dik ,otfa yt^TR jyD^a p/tr^ -iyiyni niRi 
p^Ra pa D"pDKtpn»DS»nn rh twrafiif 
Ikt ,nriv W"t pa jyaRnw ya^taan rh *pi« 
-:kjk ir3 /iiya^p B>a jya^^pD'iK ny Byn 
PK pyoyna ftps k ^"srriKn ,D8BtJ> in 
»ij pw Byn Dy .iyTR pa -iyBayv pya^BaMi 
iv aaivayi w'dvi nyn p'oya^x pk jyoxa 
pK pyiaR ayi i«a osnass p»« jyaRB jyTK^ 
nKa jya^v iri *n*n Rn -bir jya^yr ayn 
PK aauriR lyB^KHJK jyp km tk ,B^yn iyn 
pa i^aK jyaaiBaK^onR iv lytsSnyn b^j 
-nipu"M rh iRn ,nyB-iy ya^yTR pk jyn>K 
pK jianyn p?BHya ^kb P»k pw tyasn nya 
nsa yaaynas? vpk pa ByoiKiny jyB i«ti 

nya^P pa ijtpr sh in W^vp an«n 
,nDa tynayBip ayn DayDoa>a"n ,iya»nnya 
Ij7py-iB> iv »t jyair Dniya Byn jya friRnas 
ay^a k tyayn jyaaR^p ytj^RB ya^yTR d»d 
k Bns lynByvyi jyDvy^ Rni ptr ,DRna$s 
pk "iynK -^a fy^DH ayi nxa lyasii iRa 
tyBRiaRa *in« jyaan in jyn jyp aya^Bya^R 
-ya Dy iRn ,brbb> yti"DH t"P .naRfon pK 
,-iyan pn D^a jyp ,iyvK id k to m lyra 
"T .DKiasa k jyay^aonR b^j Byn bikt tk 
aamya nnRaya *iyanayBB> PR V) fya'aya 
-DK"i3«a DynjKa pia tyiyn iv oymsDiy pk 
lyn pa 5nyaya jyB^nya ayn n^K oyp'XD 
^»st dkii :Bvy^ pk yaKia rh pk ,»¥<9tfB 
PK -uk»b>w tya^py*iB> ktk iy:y; ikb jyo 
-> k K^-t ly^njKn jy^KT mi B-iynJsrya 
?DK-iJKaK pa b ,s v pK ry^ 
-lyBaKiBya B»anp »n Dy i^bk^ 
lyoDyBKia b^b tk ns^P Dy t^k BDnyiv 
n«a lyB Byn hj^dii i^myonK 
: lvaj^T ayB ?yo wpk «n iva^yn a>i"ii 
Ba^a aan^ayn vwo^ kh -b^ i.sa ^Kaa"K 
yu^Dn dkt pk ,iyBDyBsne ya^yrs n^x 
-y^ pk an pk oy .b^ isa *n pa d"vi P^Ka 
ayii |yo dkii B"»Biy-j tk -tyan^a ts v$iya 
-KiMK-BDyii pk lyaa^B^o-BryBif-is jyana^K 



■yu iyn Bvy pk ajny^y-i y^Dn kh .{yj 
nyBDyij *iyn p.K Dyiasna pa nj^D nyBD 

• IK^MMIP^K KH ^SB K KM. MTK 5>K1B" KJIB' 

nyBD^anya p,K *iytfm lyn .cypK'DKa kh 
jyaKB pk jypK kh iy?Kava dkii 'pan nyB 
km kmi ,:h^^ mtN' jyrn ,iyBsn:Ka km 
jyjy^a ya^yn ,jyn-,a pk ->yjyB yt?"BK:Ka 
DjyanmyB"tf> kh iv y^sn lyaiKinyBJiK 
-aMK "ikj b 1 : jyiyn «t -is^nmprK nyn pa 
Bin^Kans ^Kaj^K \iw\ pynjVjr -Bvynya 
kh n«: jyn »iyn*« jy^K^ya ^ Bp^ya pk 
.rBM: iKa Dy Bj'Dya jjrupJiri 
-ya "ik^p Dy bsh Dsnasa ivwwp nyn 
jyB^Knya Baypya ws osn ynny^a i«a -typii 
pk BpyDtyya bkh ya^yn naun yj'Dlpa p>r 
kh "^sj aMK ,is: .na^nv lya^pyn^ lym 
pa "tfH? kh jytMiya iya«n ya^yn ,|yBp«a 
nyv'B^K Bsn ,aK"ia«a oyi pk aatvayi ly 
in ny Bsn ,ayn pk jy^a^nv B:ypya ^k: 
-Kia lyBJKayaKT ayn ^k: lya^snya^s BTiBy: 
jya .oyp^DBsnasa ivwwp kh pa Dyv 
PK 1BKT iyB'B> iv dik n»j Bat^B'yj "t bkh 
•B^yii nyn "iKa pn iv kw dik -lyanK kh 
-yiK b^: i^sk jyo bspi yan?^ ya'Ban Kn 
-^BoynK ^:vpv^ ynny?B"iKa \m bkh .b^'bd 
iyn pk oiya^yn ypn pK BDa^yt T* ly" 1 
pa aaKDjK pa pk oyvsna nyn ?isa _ Bi?a 
-ik yBn« kh .ynyosp^Kne k lynya siid 
lyaya Bi^BDyBK'na jyasn ya^yii ,jyD»Psn 
kh iKa jyn>^ ^sa ly^yn .aanya lya^nayr 
.Ban^ny ^n fyasn »m ya^yii ."jyB^n^na^ 
-yaD pk ya^oya^K kh jyayn b»j nyas 
■on pk DiBT'B^Byo^BaK pa jyaKTiiK y^w 
-yiayiKV iyn pa y^sn nyn jyayn B>a ,iaK^ 
B»a -lyn'K jyaya jyaaia^aiya kh pk aavpa 
y^a yanayB pa bis ayi pk b^v kh jyayn 
lya^BDyiB-iyra ayn lyayii B^a pK jyBS"iaK£ 
-^VDBSiaKa nynya^'p yanay pa oyxsns 
D8M ,nyi lyayn i>a ,tjn»n «i to ty^ii Dyp 
jyv^cya iv in dik ,j s b i y a y p iyT« kh 
kh .ryBK"ia$a px oypNBK y^a fyaya 
-dh pk -\yim ynyTaiK pa yaK^ yanpnaaiK 
ly^yii i^b anK -pynay t^a in Byii naK^ 
tyaKTiiK kh tya^vas a^anaiK iyis a^B3H 
; lyaaipHinyBaiK pk tyaaia$8B"iya kh p2 
anK ,pyii nyoyn B^a isn k inK Byn Kn 
nyn$ B"X p'K pK tyay-iSD'iK Byn DKia^a x 



(56) 



•Bsr.P'.i" «' 



td .rroanp nyiiyjp^p xh pa Jjuayi ayn 

-yj awion* ^pkb tyaifii "i — fyDKo 
•«t ly^nny: px iijr^p p-nn spiK b:ix?p 
iny»j ixa tyajyo yDynyixmyanyw yny 
rh ,D*iy""iB> xh is:)— njnna yttp'^mxnya 
kh -D-iys^^p-yp^iE *n ,dj?pd«^p yv"?no 
-5yp:ni) D-iy^p-iypD 1 ^ kh ,d»t:ib yDDia 
P'?x in jyaxn ya^j/ii ,.ii .: x (ryttxpxinx 
->x nyjspnj/oK pa lyaynonya ixa tny^>p-iy 
d'WPPtn iyi px lyaxn ya?yn pa \yi 
-ay dijii ty?ST jyoya yny^T tx .tsaitya nx: 
?st a?iy iyn tx ,iyjj'iB"x px \yi"w~\y lya 

.«: pa tyiyn 
^yoiD nyan^Kiia x HWJ ».wk px cy 
oxn px pxiiy: dJhis "ixa px a?iy nyn tx 
jytrmjx ayo ?yp:s toyr. ax-ax tx ,&j"oy:i 
.{'y^xa o'd P?a ;yj-iy? iny: px jy-uy? yrn 
-yj n^j tyaxn ytfyv ^yjjita^s yt^-rx nh 
dxii t^o jyojya *inyo dsii jyaxs w taaiT 
-ya yt3iysiai^y«i» px ypy^vxa^ya nnyo 
-inxii di$n x btdb>1¥ tyaxn yrfyw ,jytDaH 
-yaynyt^ix ,rxw jyon tnxfip x px &"n 
px oy xm ,ojyrp ana px Dax?a o^o tnya 
-^aya ■•itk jyasn ^"mnxiiy:) ny*n ~iy-PH 
Dy m .twyptyna ai* iy:s^ttya tyjyn tDiyi 
.tyrx yjH^tjmx ya?yTx fyjiayj in jyasn 
-ya ayi px dxi ,wi^ya lyaxn ya?yn 
.nyina ya"Dn ynyn nxa rtfiaa nh onyiDB» 
y^yax t^o oms jm dpxii ny^x ijrin 
HW^jpoya y?x ym tx ,tDiy^pny px onm 
»n yD^yii *inx -paxa dxi ntnyii b>j |ypn 
,in Baxi ,arpx fy» b?sii riynn^ya fyj'n 
.tnyr^tnya ^kdj^x 
ixa dxii 'D>m nyiyny 1 tyii ,nyax esy 1 
iyTx?y:anx v» a ^^i oy y*iyn$p y'Dix^o « 
xh pa px "^n iyt^nj'nx,, D'spnyos pa 
"lynyiy^ toyn ,ix^ aiv tx^^ya yoonnya 
t^x tix?a nyn tx ,jynyr:^x pn^x i>pojyaxn 
oonpyr ^n fyaxn ypx dxi ,d'iu nrx mm 
.^Mx B?yinn Bjy-inyna i^ax ,Bax?mya 
oyi tD^» toaxpayj tojymyia ayn toxn iyo 
o^d Baxpay^ax "? bxh ny fix dixii iy^H\x 
IX^'Dye ya^jypp xh \ypw w ^yia^-iya x 
»xn ny ?nxmx ,nxv aiv nna »aa fynx pa 
•yi ytJ^Dii xh tx ,&Dixnyj Dia nxj -ix^ b'J 
tx njnav .jyp^Pnw ax^J "n^x oyn «n»a 



pinx lypini Dyay jyo oyn Kpnyon p.x xa 
jytDDytoxna &n i^ax .aan^jn "wan nyi 
-nyt^nya to^ nn^x \yn Dyr. ojyoKpiKa x px 
fynyr td .lypyi^j^x nya»:«n ^xj p,x \yo 
-jxj -iyn px fyDaytoxia y>x rx"io tx ^xt 
Dxn nxa-Dipa nyiiyj^'p -.y- 1 ^xj Dpyii nyx 
?xt xn tx /jyirpaDnx viypy: ta»j l^ax jyo 
-xa xh j'oatj'D p..x lyony^ D:yoB^^ni ^n 
xn .yvyTyj yjyi^« yirvx ^xj oyp^'arDxiJ 

•iynypx pa aax?y:Dnx ^xaj^x ^n dxh 
-:xTya Dy jyanxi xpnycx px lyn^x xn 
->t^?xa st \yi"i Dy jyi \yDynyz o^ Diyi 
■>nixj"X jyan yapy^i .Diyax?a ddd px ow 
Tin ixnDanx Dyay fyp iyo tx ,a?iy ayi fjn 
-"xna xh pa ojymyna nynx Dyujxp ayn 
nyjxpnynx dxt nnx anym .lyoxD^ yoa^j 
y?x px jywB'o-aDyiD^a Din>:xjnx ,ppxb 
■aiayn nyDma nynix jia nyaiyn px DyD*^ 
Bjyinyna ayi px Dyi3:xP oyi B^iya ,pn 
■y: tyD^n ypx pa jyo dxh iiy:x^ M Dya D'o 
iyo px ,axiJxa nyiWB"? ayi ^xj tyny 
Dy nx: xm ,m?ip yapyT xh nnx Bann 
px in aa"?p jyo dxt -oanaxj x doip 
p« dxti nyax -axi^xa dji^j x ^v tjxpdti 
.ty^iB'yj yt^nyDDH ypx yrn pa psnyj 
b^: px inyo wi ?jyjx , v i Dya px |yDDyDX"ia 
■^np px dwd»?$b y^j^x dxt ny^^m 
,onynya ^':xp>nyox ,jyasn Dypnx^pp y^ 

•Bax?ayj Dpiy ayi px BT^Dnyinx in 
-aye nnyT x Dmyj px p^aiayn nyTjix 
iyn nyax ,yjy&n^y:iDnxa px ya>n ,yna 
■yox Lj»a^ x Donoix a 1 : t^x "*ix?a„ Dixn 
-nnya px *ix^ /Dxirpx-oxn px .nyjxpn 
nyTJix sinx p?xa \"? \yp aax?a px "~iy» 
■«pnyoK xn tyi^a^nya^x an my -yjH^n 
DiyiJXTya px jyDJxi^oy y^H^x xh .nyj 
Dyi tyouyjiya^x'^HJi fyaxn jyaj«D«x y~\y"i 
_ xn ajin^ya lym px .nyp^D y?ia o>» d>j^ 
1XJ T" 1 ^ ....dt'p^idx pyj^-iv in »t jya 
nxn iiyj>^p px axn^xa lya^-iyma' ayn 
toxn nyj^x -tyax^a iv isjnoya any: x in jyo 
pn d>o \iy-\2x nyi tyj^iD^nya^x iv oanya 
px p^xa ly^H^x aiv yayn ya^n D^io^a 
-ya nyaax "lyiiyp^^ xh iv tix ayj^ny^x 
dxii ,y^x px D:y^B^sa ypx .Dnyi^xT 
■ya ty3"t ,Diypxjp tyiyn is ^x» x lyayna^ 
tinx ?yox: x tyax&? iv in ann pa lyaxn^ 



.-ire, t;i ]is pogross /npwp 



(57) 



nys px jyajn^mya ytj^axoRpan yirrx 
Tt nrvx tsjyp ."uxfon &'» nsnfo x fyin^sa 

5rt JJii^yn ya^yn nayn'x tr ,iy5y&BnsB 
-^d d'hrv nyn b^d nartfo r p« lyanpnya 
oyii lyo d$ii ,ayn n^ix iyBX"tfxD jy^^ 
-<typ px xm jyBR"i3Ra ya^>yTR isj iyaxs 
"s5an nyBp , tf>y3 xtx b«i iiTx nnx Pnw 
5>rd x 1R3 lyvnns v* " in>s ^yo I*" ' 0N0 
tX^VBya nyaxpnyox jx b^e ynyosp xn 

.-ir* ms 
"iyT»^ pr naxfon .jyix: b^3 in tdij? 
xn tonnes xn dxi ,v^yv^v piRBP n?x 
yiy^ drh px p'B^sa-B^yii nyS px yi:yi: 
nxa in Djma px ypox^> "irpx Dan ddxs 
b'j ^rt iy PistDti' xm ,nyo ^ypj^s .irrx 
,d.tx nxa ynyaxut? wwi tr3 pn iyD"*nya 
PR y^xa Dvn or .yDnwp'iK jx £pj pk 
-yox pa {yDDyDXia y^x rBifiB ,xniB>n3xi3 
oyii iy pr jyoxm jxax^ px i:«^:y ,xpn 
-RpnyDR xn 5y*a xni ,jyn"5mya lytnip 
-yj-RT xn jy33x^ya vi 5xt 33iT3yn ny^ 
bd"h drt ,(vno y3yaR) "nRTjysR,, yB3R3 
.ynyacpR iyB»TW»a iyi px ,ftruKn tyna 

VPBDnX D>3 "1R3 Byil PR B»3 "IR3 TJ7p V"IR 

WW: lyoDyoRia ynrrx b*d xpnyex fjn 
-RpnyoR pnn b^3 btx5 "uxfon drii ,ojn 
PR pit? jyn brh 5xo 5y^a ^n .fsn^M nyj 
>rt naxfon pr Djp ,onymR2y: Dyna3»p 
iyt*»*nv ny^BnytMiR p»p ryaxo d^ fyo 
Tin -tR-onyi iyn ayniv nyava iy3Rpny»x 
xn xm Biynya Dy brh aan^jn y»»DVi xn 
px aarrayi "lyjRpnyoR sn ,-nys 1R3 .vkp 
drii .jyn^tsDyosns iv y^^^R rh \yw: b»j 
ytj'-'D'n rh Tin iyi^^ nyn^a w»th jniTK 
-jRia .ytj'^ajy kh — yvytyj y^D^DyD^JR 
jy^n^yi wfiyi px yv^y^wD'K <ya"nv 
-»p UR^on nynR ; jR^yj ytfyi drt fy^Rn 
•ayn jyayii o^ i^j ^n onys 
Dy tr ^ypiycys "i^d ly^yii rhtr 3jr 
.RpnyoR pr oaytj'^iD^RB yw<x ri fyj^i 
■3Ra iv pr tyoRj r im |y:xo iv lyiu drii 
-jyna »t drii ,ayn Tin iyo»BK' wtk \yi 
lyay^ tyaR^i^RTyi Dyi::Rp pr pn« iya 
tr ,t3ia nxj tyD^ii "T .yiRia-oiRBDRS ym 
?yn"5mya fjtfjm ty^R^^RTyn yiy>n y^x 
eyii aan^yn ytr^Dn xn \yi ,n^axa panx 
yK' , B^o , Dyi33« ynn^x pyijy o s : cyn ay^is 



id>3 -ir: "in^x oyn :jn^yi -lyjxpnyox xn 

.^y^'Bs typ^y 
^ir yiny^ d^r iyjyn ^erfi cy ^xt 
jyi^DD^R t3B3ipix nyn PR tyo ^R? nyo^n 
-jRjnya nyi pa jytD^non pr \-\y5nyz rh 
iyo a^^ii Rni ird T^nny tyo ^RT '0^n:yi 
.dbr?3 o^d in ryoiiynya ts dsbbos rtyp 
jyxnip R ijn"5 ~\yi% osn n^iy nyoma nyn 
yDxn yjyBR^yajyoRns rh oiyuRryz ,pi3T 
.tfpvn Ty lyuix px tyo:x"i.vay y^vs 
nynoyvyi tyoxy^ orh tyo "x: xm -drt xr 
iyaaiiD^s nyjRpnyoR y5y: xn px dtob'IX 
|y33i.iD"nyi"iRa jyayn ly^jx^P y^^xa irb x 

XH PR .XWWP PX DR"3XB oy^j X tt 

ny»t xm ,1X3 oy tynxn nyoy^n y;r-rx 
yjya^R y*iy , t o^o tDmRByais ,vx ny3"tDB> 
dxh -- Djy;^ yDiyaoi^yiaiR p« dirdtu 
-ys lyayn pyn^s is fyajRayajR "lyiMi jyo 
,D3ymyns mv Dyb'DRP jyp^ p« (yjR^a 
l^D:y3^R iy:" 1 *? \yv* vwoti xh |y»yii 
-yoR ynyijR y^R x ,s ,i yixn: yox*a nyn px 
.D3yB»D^RB nyjRpn 
\-\yv Qiyny: c: inyo p^ ^rt <«tfn 
PR ly^ii&nya «t iy^x* ^x^n ,iyDR*i3xa pa 
-yv.axj y^x o^d tyoxns o^njyajxaiya iyn 
-yi pa pr lynnSnyax pytDDj^B pa Dyjyn 
cyii oy lyn iR3 ,drh iy^xjR i vx3 px }yry»3'5 
-on px ry3"iy jyinx tinx ?X33S |x jyaync 
-: , ; ,, ti xpnyox i'X r- in |ya ?ri n3R^ 
o*» 2Rp r jy^myB "inyo jytR^ d>j c:yu? 
D;ynnyns dix pr Dyi33RP civ ly^x'^Dys 
ljyai'x finx niQi^n o»o tsanrnyi^M px 
jx pa nyiR RpnyoR pa ;:wi:rns ya^yii 
iX3 -ty"px www iJX^Dn px nax? -iyn3x 
njxD'^nya ^ypyin p»p |y:jRn drii rfy^yo 
-^rb y^x:x , ^x3iyD3 ,, x px ytaxox^sn px 
■^yv, nayai^x drt ,|yi^a;^x in \y:y? .p^a 
-jr |yny: iv i5">bx iy3x k ,i uyv 3jn^yi ya 
J3n»ajh ny^on iyn ? y » v » b r Dy3yiyniv 
ya'H^x yirpx ly^naxnys nyoya ?rt xn tr 
-f>xaiya d>3 ?rt iyr2 ^ya x , r, .tyjXB"iyo3*.x 
\yvx jymRo pr iyam .iypmiyiDJix ,tyj 
,jyD H,, n oy Dyn ,ynys»'x ny^'Dn iyn px 
fyiunrpB y^xas^xiiyBj^x yrDvy^ xn ir: 
Pr -y a x n a y a * 5> "i y 3 » x [x ..vvy?y3 px 
b<3 in "irb B3X3 y^H3y^Dnx ;^p *iy:tfyn 
jyayiaiyciiR on ^-. > xn anx -ty^oa^nx 



(58) 



Be:ipix nh 



-ynaxiiDnx xh Tin ty-ix^nya oxn p/nxac? 
-riya jyon xtx oyn xn lis ,jyvK pa aan 
in *iy~ix nyoon^o ny^on x .jynxo on ijtf 
x Tt |yp *ixs pa njirrotfn "lyoma nynax 
->x ixa tyax n« W2v^ nyi» tx ,iyaxt 5xo 
\s mx ,ony-iya ariD nxa nx dxi *iynx /'jyn 
no o^pa^pim nyi px .]vvx n |j»n»5ya 
dix .o-ixsDxsHXttxanyaia x lyanp tu x 
nyrtfyn -ryayna ay~ inyaixnyaHx T^syrya 
T»T 5xt .jyox-^xD pa oaxnya pixoc? oiyii 
-yiaxiiDnx-tyoxo ya^pTii x jymnjs nxa 
-lSDmx pnynanx jyo oyn ,pn»K pa aan 
*inyo "ixa ryayna xh px iyoixaDxa jyaya 

.jy-iyii oaxnya 
stfx jyno tsmx y^»Dn ryax^o xh 
oyn pa nmcn nyon nyi nyoaix jyn^^a 
inx tyrx^iya tt P« na'notfa yam cd iks 
lyftm «i omi xm ,yoayip yaya^K ynyn 
pa .lyaaipm-iyoaix xh iyo^xnonx tyjyp 
x o^o jya^yn ixa m td jyayp naitfDnK 
jyayp oxn ?ixo m iy?x^ dxh nxa .ran? 
,jynayoK>oix ya^pyii? xh nyoaix txo m 
-x^sxoisyn jyp^ ?tt tya^aya m ya^yn px 

DXn ?DiyODn>0 yj"T IX PX "1XS nis jya 

-xt px lyoDxa sm ,jya^yn ftp a mx oyn 
jy^motsnyoaix T* .iy£iB> xh px ni^an jya 
hxhix nxa Jra 1 no fyaan ,"S>5xa nyn is 
-inyo nxa od"h dxi fDynxoona px Dypn 
*pik tyo"-i fytx^ nnyo ^xa ,tt tyaHynmy 

•V? 
-Dinypiya iy^naxn yisna no jyo ,pn 
»ntK Tt lyan^nonya is jyair ynsna no }yo 
anmrftpa jyaxn iy^xr onya^xaiya kh tn 
yopmnyojiK nh ^t jyo m nynij "a>a^ 
^ "Hfj n« ixnyi -lyoDNiya ny^rm d^ti 
-'•■'nonyaDDn^yT Kn t^x d^t px ^yt^o p»« 
■{J"OD^n^xd kh ,"i:n„ *iyn ya^yii jaun 
hx ys5"TK pa iipvHPJiuiif yiyjs^^sny-i 
1i« ty^^yjisa oxn ,n3n5on px iyov>a 
:T^ow .jjnn'BWD'iK iy;jxey^x roa^o 
i nyiiya ,o5xv. ya ryjya o5«ny: 
.Dyp^SDoxiaxB i y j y 3 
ty^yii ijh'k yjy^xayn n "lyj^^v, Dxn 
«n nyojix ,Dny^yp px lyo^xnyn is fyait t» 
;iyoDnp ya^i^na «a ip>ax nyix nyayn 
tys^np ly^yo^ons ly^yn «t *iya»j»ii dxh 
nx (nyn^a ya^oDnp ya^^n) oyaxp^K p« 



tx lyaxo o^j oanmyn^x oyn px ysyrya 
nynx ;jyn>x nyaxpnyox ixa yonxjDnx 
jyo \vp O'onyi rx ,*iy:nrni on lyD^ni «t 
-axia^oy wvk y-ayonuiK xh jyas^-iya 
.jyanx xh px noxr jyo^ "T px jyo 
■oix yi"\> nyoaix oyn xpnyox ,nip 
x o'd ^y^s^ax lyoyioD^nx on lyuyo^ 
dxi -tyt^x xh anis njx5»Dn tyaya onxn 
ywi:x tix njx^aay o^o t^'bw nx yn^yr 
ytfyv -nya-px pa .yoayo yt^xysjjnnx 
nayan^x px yoayo ynyiax pa aaiB^oa^nx 
-jn yg^on xh ya^yn ,0"n:yay^yaax ya^yn 
ixa nx .ya^iyj^x tx d^x oyoaxioya nxvi 
•typayi is ^lyiy} 
txo \y:yp o^yii nyi px jyi^x Dxn oy^x 
px ny-inn yanpnaaix ynyn {ya^yn is 
"iy -o^ya jy^oxr is nxa .xtfx ,t^x nax^Dn 
,jyoxiaxa xh pa nyaax xh nxa ,Dayta^ 
nyiaxn axn ,yany xh nxa ,oayo"iis ,px 
yoDia O'o "^n jyonyaiya is oxo^ax .Dnx 
nayai^x pa tyaais^oa^Hx xh nnx nioi^n 
-ix yB»on xh pa lyoDaia is aannyi ytfyv 
-ynay^nnya px Dnynymva x oxot^ax ,\yi 
tnxn -tyax^stfxryn jix jyax^s^oya ovo oya 
is taxa pyDyna x dxh jyax^ is jynyt jyo 
ixn .lyny'? yrfym px tyoaxia^oy iys>o^ 
x lyaxo is o»panayo xh jynxn \yiyp "T 
yti^opxia ya^sa^x xh nx dxt .fyay? 
"«$ nax^an a^xmyDnx \yp jyo dxh ,ya5n 
r>x Dyiynax Dy^x .jyTX ytj^on xh jyoo 

•T»H yODIB 1X3 

-onx on jy^xr Dy tyvx ^y^a xm nynx 
oyn yDxo yoma xh nax^Dn pa pynaxn 
-XT is oa"5 t>x Dy .tya^mya ^xt jyonxn 
lyvzy* ,pnaaix dis nyns ,|jnna»oy :|ya 
*^o 5 nyn^x ynyao^x nyt^Dn nyn px tt 
-^x lysaxa ayi pa oa^yn x nyn^x ,jyrx |x^ 
^ya ntx dxt ^Hayoaix r>x oy .p^xa f^n 
jyn i^ax pyjaxiionx tyayp jy^xr fy^ayo 
ynn xh jypyn is dxii o^o tynxn ty^xr >m 
oirpayaonx n^ax nxa ?yp dx- .jyoDXP 
■»n »t ^xi aannyn ytj^on xh ?yn .jynyn 
"iynax p^p jyo oyn txn ,pyiaxiiDnx jyD 
nax^Din ryTx^nya is xm ,fynxn on mm 
is tynxat^ px xm nrx tyano is T* nynx 
"•dh xh nynx .onynaimnx> tyois pa yvy 
^ya xm .yon^ya nyn pa Dmi aarpayn yw 



'.*ijo» -ijn pw pogroms /iwe^P 



(59) 



js ^sa jyasn jyn^K nynya^p sn *isa 
canya on t* lyasn »? ts ^aiaH^taay 
d»j jya'n »t ps ns~ass lya^pyns? s?s *ns 
pit? jyo oyn "iyas exy .tayta^Hya-isa fyiiya 
os-iass x jjni ,aaiaH^Day sts jyaxn ta>a 
kh pk ,*hk5dvi ps ry^iy paimon* oyyi 
-yii jy-rs kh jyu ziyoyna pM tayn ynastr 
■njm d*j "isa in ps t"p "ii lya'tfix t* jy^> 
ps jyma yiy^T t* tyaH^nanya ix jyn 

.nyi^p 
"3HJ SH oDsitaya ,p^s oy B3"5Ty^K 
-d»w ps T^tny ,iyans yayas ens yas5 yx 
-ya ts ,iya"vnya^s v* tarn in 1 *? ps ,jpean 
■yw nynyDyn p»p stt'a ps iyssnasa jya 
,npm l»a aaian^nDnyataDa^yT k k^i ,5yD*» 
Dsn ny iyii -taaynya rx "tain,, -.yi rs ps 
lyniaya axnasB -lynya^P ayi ^xa T^a v* 
D"nya ps Tt jy^sf ijtpk dsi ,iwhjtib rc 
PR w$ivq nsj ps dx"i »«m Km -tyaasttya 
-ipTw lyppasais bkdp iviV 1 p« ?y?KT 

.jyt:yt3>o 
ty^x-iaxs pa t3"X p« ,iy?smyTii to 
t^siiya wn ya^n nina* p*p tva td jynyr 
-^Dasnasa jyaya nnyiiya m .ttfRnya lyaya 
ps yaySmsa kh ijriiTpiVD'W xm ,Dyp 
tk ,B3"D nyty^ ~iy~i a»is ."-ma„ pa nyay^s 
fya"i to 5"ii ."ix-nyn "isa oy jyast "vo 
-aw d^d v^Ttaxa lyta^xn px fyBD^wxsa 
td ; myta x ny taxn ,'H3ia» pa onan yiyt 
5«n ,t3Dyn ta^n "tan,, nyi 5"n ,oy jyax; 
kh nytaaix ayno^x nytaDyn ijn nx d^t 
.-ux^dii f»K tynaytD^DiK 
ramp .B 



nnyo dsti nyt^n yiv"i pa iyDD:ya sn 
-ny» dsii ;nprn Ta jyx^ya ^t ly^yn **i 
kh p« myi^snyn t^D tyinyii ^t ty^yn "I 
"sb kh ly^yii P^n iya»j«ii r^s — nayn 
r^s ps lya'naisHS "t jyasn oyp^vDosiJ 
-s^p y^s ps tyj^ya «t iy^yn jjibds nnyo 
nnyr iyvy^ jyon kh .p^sa jye^on p.a jyD 
■H"ni3nya"DDa^y: ya^nmo ps D"p*iyaast3 
■no s jyrviya nnsi ly^yn tyi^s n ps aaia 
iyii ,yoso nyp'Dvi nyn pa jyans sh ps 
"D33UH"n»nya sh jyin'-aDns ty?s^ "l 
-yii Dyp^DDSiasa sh .'Haia« pa nsiasis 
-y<? -iyn T j^iq jy-i'pnH "t rs ^yDni jsn jy^ 
-yaais jya^na p>a D^ssayny> \v5yu ps jya 
iv isno ts5 s v» iv^y^ »t jyn ,t3as"io^ 
ya^yn "#Djn^r* s>i fynso w ps ;yam 
-3"B d^s loasnys ^ns tDsy^ tu jyasn »»t 

.yaan 
t s s Dyp>xDos*iasa y'r.as pa ^nss sh 
pa jyoanya y^s .d»vu tyiiya d»: yv^v pn 
-KB 400 5an id ts ,|«k tyo^v nya'^p 
nyn casoyaas lyonsn jyasn Dyp^ > D»s"ia 
•spt iy^sii ly^s sh jyn .pnin tya^nyi^t? 
s ps i^as trmynya ^n ps a^naio lya^snya 
sts iy tyoipya ta*a oy ttfs^ ,wn anianyv 
Dyp^DosnasB ya^oy *3y»W3"ii .jaiin 
lis tynyasn jnya t^aypya ta^a pw lyta^sn 
"S^sa sh rs ,nos f-s Dy .ny&»yi iimsts 
tyn>s ^Hta aya^np s lyr^nin ta^a »sn 
.Dyp'VDiasnasB sh jyaya tytay-itaivD>ns 
nyoyna jyiiya ttfs"n ^nsv ^y ,,! T jyw nyas 
-nn taaypya ^n »m lyta^sii nytJ^nyay ps 
."W'"n y^Htay ctasn tyvtrya ps tyo^n 




.j?pnj?n yrn p« \sed^xe 

-^jjts lis tai'pjiBjmta "lyaMtopsna p.K lyirnwiyu^ "lyn lya'K p^aiya^n ipsiip *] 

.("into 1893 P3 1855 ps '8JOD 

."IK^yDpK .5 .11 PB 



-inD ny Bay^>a ,DynaK"iB pa tyiyn Bay^s jyo 
.Dyiaxns v^MW"* ByB^nya dkii .|ya 
-ya lynya tya^n ya^yn ,iyBKnyB^ y^K ,rnp 
,B"s "unn pa jyynn* kh b^b BiyBD^a 
Bt£»a isa nyoan iy^^B£ypD oyn b s b iya$n 
,na^>Ka nsDyaKiB .ikhb is jya'inaK Baypya 

W^Dfl K B^K n$BD^SB «y?„ ^U pn PK 

pn tMj'na ,("int$' 1893 5y*p) '"i$BNO"isayn 
ny^BKtK^B pn pa pmya k d^k ajiB^Kn 
"pb .B^PBDjny -iyDma pn pK B"pay>B 
"WDma njn .aaiJ"B "ivm b^b B'a jyrn 
,B""iaya "inyr in bkh b:kp siKTK^a ny^B^i 
y£»pisaK"ia kh fyasnayaanK bkh cv tvii 
pk dkii BBN^'niaipn ins nxa fs'S^Kiiyi 

-^B B^a .^n TB |1« |K fK'StfKliyi DaPTK 

-SKnyaas BKn B"payB ytj^asTK^a d'^sbd 
-KB,, ayn p« 5"riBax i'k lyonya is ditk fyB 
bis bd^ p,a 5yaaxB nyi pyiaKT ",p^Byin 
kh b^b aaKnayBKns iyj"5p nyi pk lyay^ 
.yBaynpBjyny? v5wx~\ 
BanKiiya n^BD^B Ban maDnyayB pk 
-ama Dyn pa B-iyBKByaDnK .B"s ins'N 
B-inypyaBiK ^n iy bkh ,tyay^> tya^BiNBt!' 
".KaK^xa k<k3dk'„ pryaoBia pn p« pnix 
Pk iibnj kh ,iyny5-*nip yaKBa^K dxi 
-ya ^n bkh iy ya^yu b^b .DBK^B-invuK? 
nyi pa B^Bya nyi Bamnya fyaxn ,Ban:Byc£> 

.lyBan 
tynnnyaaK nynni ^n ny bsh -tfKn lynx 
tyBKB tyDx^ya bkh ny ,fy?rpa is oay^c 
■B>B"n oairya bsh ny nax^DPK pk ypn x 
b^b tynyrya B^n iy i«n ,tnNS p,x tjk^ 
-jya n ByBBnya^n B}?n jy» m jw»in y:»n 

p-»K B3KBW DiTK ^nx B^H D^T PN fyBT" 

•yj t*« b^s nya^ynyn px .pmj»s ryoma 
lis nynna nyBay^ya D^n pn lyanifBtr 




,-in^ 1 1855 pa yiiy d 
nyonp iyi ^^ 
-^b bjjh ,nan5o 
-yanyan^ ^n n^BD 
-onyBya i^j jyjps 
yBDyu sn .ama 
-y pa lyBKiya^ 
b>b lya^n b>^s ~\y: 
•DiNiiya ,iya:v ayi {yBtjiyaanx vna dmu 
■yo n i^a isiyi ,"iyB3H fyBsy^ya ps fyB 
f k tyBuya Btjn h^bd^b) .-i^yn ny^s^BDNii 
-^b^b x fiMN* .tayTp lyanp ps ^"Hbjjk 
^bd^b t^s* b^s ww p»a n^a y^'BN-a 
yaHB^RDtn ypN b^d jyosps B^yB^yaiija 
,^Bm^^ana) lya^nty ytj^Dsn yBDiNiiya 
,n^Dxnpya ,p:nsj>rn ^pbii^ibd>v .ny^yaniB 
(.nyn<jKB pN aisjj^D 
■ya^ y^'DDn yino^KBKn yBDya kh 
n is B3^"«nys ^n tya$n lyBsyip y^n«i 
-Dms lya^n p« B^pan^yno lyivoyna^B 
T3»s) "p^ycynn^D,, ^xjiitrr nyi iynyaya 
-d>in* >n fyn^n a^any DPia b^b .(yoD^aya 
-insDjnB paB^s-n^a ysiip kh Bsuya 
-)% p« na^DDin ps tynya pk ya^yn ,B"fi 
.aany^ayn oayB^iis oyi i-udb^k pa aaKa 
■-ij^a fy*sBB58B B^*n nnp lyt^HKnyB^ iyi 
lyns pk nyaan iyn -lyB^anKiSB^B Ba"5ya 
pKBan^ayajyasny^K .an'mm^ mo ryiiya 
Baaipis ynyoyn k pk ,BynaK*ia ,aatfpniBay 
_ KB nya^BBn nyi jyB*pyaa^ pk Dy tK pk 
Dy ^11 'kbb^sb .jya^aiK is i^bkt bwb 
ny T'K tyBKByi kh pk .\ynyi pk \yiyn B^a 
-yaB^B bkb^k ;BiNB^yaa^K nnyt jynya 
iy t»k b^s v^ pa tyaDinyiB^ kh is ?n>a 
:yas"ia -lyc^BKTK^a nyi b^b tyBiaiKB jynya 
jyn ?B^rnnKii yBi^KOBK oanm r^x dkii 



•yp-iyn ya^n piN ^bd^^b 



(61) 



ma B*a B"pB«TpnyBBn« kh in re tyan* 
*8"i"K anyn pK ina i*tfnaKT »ruK5DVi pK 
pa pn jy^a i'b^b jyuya tn« jj5ib> kh -kb 
jyjy^a nyna'p rh ".y5its> y»na« k lai^n 
nya in dbpj »n jyn tfnyipym px jyop 
,&5suyj in Bsn «t dsu ixriBya ,BDtfa 
p 1 ? ins lyiiya jy^yayj ns "t d^ti Baiy^y; 
-D^Dpy jyasn Dy .aasire j\» pSsreon dw 
DH^n kh ya^yu ,jy$yayn sh "n: btb 
vnsrea^K a^Bna tb jyB^nya jyasn p»5« 
-ya pk nynny? kh pa yawanK «n -iin 
lyna'p kh p« fypyiny re ,ayn p« tyaNBEJ> 
-ynyBannKB pk BaK^jyani re Ban oyn 
.njKotj'jyaya lynayay-iBya ayn b*b »n jyi»s 
pk ^sbd^sb pa rsnana niwiipinyB nyn 
ty^xn ^oj"p «n«n 'iymy^> nyn„ rjynya 
anS'it? tya»n a^anyo'o ps tk ,pasnya ps 
ny tk ,B3*renya'K pn no ny .nn»D!?n kh 
■yii d^ii jyn ynJw piyi pn jyp BDrtfyt 
-DBamyBaiK pn b^b BaKpya ns ny nyr: 
-a*aay*iBB> tyrrm ny no inyo y5s r*i$BP 
pn D"n ny nnyo ds^i p« ,aaKire ps B"p 
tin ny"*ia ps nyanvBKa d^k nasBtyayaya 
nymyii yiyi px ".BannyBais pn vi 
-nnvasiB ayn pa Di5aa"K ayn jyo Bnyr 
.sddvi nyn" -1 .^ jyp 
-$n ySw ny^na ny?yn pa ny^p kh 
Baynya {yasn wipo-u^b yBia Baxoya jya 
.jy:ny^> ayn b^b ny-iny5 kh 
»nymya Bsn ya^yii ,B"pa^BynB yryn 
.iyn$BD5s& BiyoKDyaD^K nnyt Bsn ,nns* 3 
tya^yii re» p« "d^ii ay^w, ty:xna nn 
.fyouiyB y"j d^t pa an^s jya^n "pyw 
ny Bpm iyay^> pn pa l^nya jytyn ws 

D>31D3D NH„ :"M11» pM pK D^IN 'lTK 1»T 

iy:"T oa^D p« oms «h pa nn^a iin 
px tD^pa^yniD pna ,"iyn^ 'its jyjiya ts 
]»n n^pJiK ntK jyp^ya ^n ta$n jy^ty »n 
■■•k t>k lya^yii ,Jwnwt p« xs^to lyD^xoy: 
iv ww^x — njKtatyyn p>« p« jynya nya 
Dtjn lypymsa « jyny?x pa p« fynny^ya 

TC T'K — ODINIiyj O 1 : p^K 3^n ^^S DtJ'l 

■yj Pimp pa vn tn ^^nyTii >iw jyny: 
n^n i>n .»n»u d5k a'BD^a nnyo jy"i$> ,, i 
px ty-in$ay:i py)\x pa px jyan^iiyj Dy5x 
-na |yonD^ iv na ,iyByBD"iy"ppB»sa sn 
n lynn^a w p« d^oip lypano ,oai^ ya> 



*pik dh»k taijn ^sa nyryn .»k$ijp»j ia«iB 
ytapmyj pn '.jyipmys &"X nyaniyj n 
opmyaDns »w t'K b^s nyjy 1 pa ar.ia'BB' 
"\-\V2ti,, tyjji^nyxny "lis ya^t pk jywiya 
"mi,, pn pa jynyr \yp jyo »n ".i3nya?8» px 
t^o lyoijnya nnyr ny pn ,ta"X "lyjy' pa 
■Kia kh "?trmr> nyn pn dsii„ ryjx-.a -iyi 
.ytsDj'tDaMi rh pa yj"« arpx ^a t^x yj 
iyT vm "jynyna pk wip„ jkokt p-m px 
jyo tK ,iyayncya tpnyfoorp mtn dtio 
ayn bkh lyDxanya nyn dxt ,v'5a D5n»u 
ynxDJxa pn pK ^soa^K d^k inyo tan^B 

•Bay^yaiya\x 
pn pa BnnB ayn Bayayn ^kbd^kb 
pn iya5yn B"t .tapaiayuyn k d^k nynna 
lyciayaaK tyasn aawn^aKB^yn piK lyay^ 
ny- b^ ,niyB k bxh ny ma .tnsa nyiax p\x 
pa yaxTTiK kh Tn< ny-ina V' pa bimb 
ny .BnnypyaoiK p^a^T ^iBT^B^Doya v^ 
aaiB^nya ktk jyayaya^ Bnna tyryi Bsn 
.aaio^Bt? nytJ^BD'B^DDyB v: Tin 
k pK pnK b^kb nya^yii ,pjia nyi B'a 
"K^aDpy pa naD kh t»n nyi^ia pa dkb 
ayn pa Baxip-aayia^ kh [nynas* ,i«n 

.KBia nyi^ia 
t>k BnnB D'nynna Dyi n»: ipKa 
bkh pk naNfran nxa pnw pyiiK 'xbd?kb 
■»b K'KaDK'» pk aaK^ -in^ k BaKnaiKB 
jynnsB nynyni tyos'^ya bsh iy ".kjk^ 
b^d pw ^b lyryn nyas njK^DnK p>p 
in ny Bsn y^nnyr -pyw tyBB^Bu'ya k 
ycnyna BamyBaiK jyaya b^b Bj^jay^yr 
iyBamva»K naia k BKnya bkh pk wvp 
yrn ]^t pa py^vBann nyi .y$w dp?sb k 
-nyBaiK p« fy5w pa d\hib^ dkt lyiiya t>k 

•lyisnttyB DBan 
■yapnis inK 1 i86i pK nn Bv>*n ny d^k 
nn» ny bsh "KaK^xa K s KaDK\, nxa Binyp 
■dsb 'siisn^D» k pa bbk Dyn tyoiaya in 
Bsn i^^ais ^ny^B^Biya aayiyna) "p^anyi 
jyannyaax bkh pK y^ty k taynanaya ny 
ayi lyBaw Bant2>B"¥ p>K jyayaivaniK 

".KaK^KB K^KaDKV, :!^yB>B 

-^KB B»n hbib pk *tfnya Dma b^b 
jn< .jyB^aya yryn y^K «nnK B^aiKya 'kbd 
jyayn^ya iy B»n f'Kann^ jyc^KaKiya ayi 
-yaiv bkh ya^yii .ynsnayo DBamyBaiK V^ 



(62) 



OBJlplX Nn 



10 



■y: ^nxDnayax iya*5"n ayn tasn ,"n?a jyi 
"anay ya^pyns?„ tanaya v* taxn px fyaya 
"iy axil ,p*>it px DM13 nyn tx ,iynn5a ix 
-ana lis tatfa px b>"5b px ,iyDyjy; taxn 

'SBD^SD *1K"13 .(lS>XX>X3XiaD31D3K*lta) DIB 

■tytfyn w»i ta^o nynna ynxna xn taaxs 
-aypa nyn jyaaiayp nyaxaiya ayn px 
ixa taxn "iy jyn ,naiDX iyn ta^n diopx'b 
,"|ynyna px aynp,, ixosi pn jynynpya 
.d^ix taaa^yr t't bp'yi ny m ,jya5yn px 
.jyny^ aix »di5 ayi tyrsya ix ny Baxn 
isanyn Bsn Baa^yi *isb*ik nyi m nrx 
-ap^xB nyn px iyny^ pa mpo ay-i jyaiaya 
ayn px Bpynay mnyn *ixna Bsn nrx ,yaxs 
jib fan tjnnxii ayn nyxBxnxp lytyany-i 
xn *ixs b^b^ nya^yn ,ny>xBX"ixp .jyay^ 
pn iia -lyTyn "jyt5»BD»» x rx ,yaxEBp5xa 
yanaya xn ya^>yu ,|yB"mnxu fyD^a 5no 
-aix B"u iy .BpyiBay amx osn Baaiaiya 
B^rra iy ,?yny5 lis pvw ayn nxa^yB^ 
nx ,Bayn ,Ban5a -BBxa o'o aawa^x pn 
nyxBxixp .^5p*$a axP^xa t»x px B"a 
-".n ix nyiyiaxn ayn ,fyt8>na raw B-iyauoy 
-^>Xb px iyayn&yya pk -iya5yu ,nyB*iy yan 
-ayaxap,, ,"»»rm*p* jyftmxa yBtmy d'^kbd 
".layaiv px "b»»n 
ixa ty^nynanx iyan5-iy tb ftm v* 
tynyna,, ]"i pa aix ly^BanyBpxixa x 
"5sb tyn .y^x^asayaxB xn :":y^p jix 
px "D ,yaxn nyt Bna ixhb ix bxh h$bd 
ps ens nyn px «d ,aynp pa B"X *iyn 
Dxntay m ta^a taix va xn B3"tny ,t.ynyna 
x xm pynaxr jaiXByTanaix y^axaya x 
nxa B^rna px tapayn t^ayo nyi .ysj»Dya 
taa^aya ny jyn d^»x ,p^x t^x ny jyii ^nynax 
anaynyaD^nx .ty^ay» yaayn x ly^^iix tt 
-yn yaayo xn dxt ,tapaiaDtaanya jytyn pa 
taoip /y^ax^x^^DS yav^ntaaya^x tx taxn 
,yaayo xn tasnynyn n^yn nyn ta^a tx ,d»vik 
ta^nynya yaayo xn ,tannypya»ix pynaxt 

.n^yn ayi 
-h ta^n^a Dy nyii nyi nia t^x i^vn x 
tapm px yaayo nyn iia aaicta^ xn tapyn 
ixanyn t^x lixTitaiP -aaia^D in^x a^taan anx 
iy ?"ii ^XK'nxm^ya nytaaya^xyaa^x tx 
-iK taDya t^x ny frm ,^n ayn ta">o b?>pb 
ta^p-iyasxD ya^aynya p»? ta^a rx ,taa^xiya 



^X'x^xiiy"! yiya'x x^ t ".jyay^ |y»n»no 
nj;jyi ^a t^x taaxtayaann osn iy ya^yn 
-ya :pb"x anayta^^xs tDD^a pn px d^x 
an^x xn ta^x^i -aaia^xnya^xpn^xa .lyixn 
o^ii an^x nnx ,tyaamyaain a^xoxn piK> 
-Dayay^> y^a x jyaxD*xann jyoipanx ta^a 
34 taxnya namn ^^Dya taxn ny .yaxaanx 
.5yi"D nyanny^ is x ta^o ta^x nnx^ 
^pt ta^xn nainn "iyi ^ixa tyaxii "nx 
•ly^ayo jy^a QXP^xa x nxa 'xtao^Xta VW- 
■ly^^xa jya^p^a \"\ pa tyaaiaanya xn 
■■•x nyDystr ^na pn nyn^x anxt xn ,iyay^ 
ixna jyaniya x m jyaxn ,nyna>p xn nya 
aya>^ya^x ayn pa jyan pn lyaxiayaax 
-aix ta^anxya taxn ^ud^sd .pyiixaayay^ 
,"iytaxaay^Dxa nyxtanyaDtaia d^x ■^^T'cny 
-D^ata^ymya jytyn px .nytaan px ~\vw 
iya"t tyay^> pn pa nijnya jya\nn a^Dyo 
yDma yn^a ya^n jynxiiya a^ta^x nxraax^ 
p^x ianya?rya DiTK jyaxn ya^yii ,iyaxaxi 
-oya niDxnyta^ra^yii nyi px rtax^a tya^y 
-y-ixp xaax„ px '-jynyna px aynp- v^ 

".xa^a 
px nyB^taD^D^DDya nynyaa^x nyi dxt 
nyta^ii an^x px tt taxn paxiya ny^^taD^o 
iyp ,tix ta^x -ww px i^ax ta^ypnitaay 
•lyaxox^i Wi vryn pa jynyr taa^x jyo 
-yna px aynp,, jxraxn ayi pa \yifyn "NX 
-xa ,^pDaxp^xa taD^a "px »nitya ^ix^a ",iyi 
ayi pa ^ibdxp jynyaa^x ayn jyinnytapx-i 
■ya tjuBD^o'DDys ^lyta jya^t yn^a .lyean 
-ya^x ayn nya^x ^n jy'ppn yi"a ^o^ta^ 
px >n\tya nxna .lyay 5 ) pa pynx nya^a 
-^ta^nana ny"T pxtya^r ^paaxP^xa tam^a 
-taa^a nyn px «t jya^T ^x"t -T^y raxa aaio 
t>x vaaxp^xa .jyiy^iya jyxaxa px aaitaan 
ta^a t'x iy .lyp^taaypD x px taa^DDya x 
nynx naiax nyn px jya^aya ix yiaxta^o^x 
ay^a x ynny5 nytj^taD^o nynynax p^x px 
^rntyn nxia naynny^ ,|yay^ axn i»a ^xiip 
"•Xtaa^xta tatx^ ntx .ta^panya yryn taxnya 
-ax~ia nyi px iytay"itaa^nx mnya fixna ayn 
nyi ixii ^ytJ'TS? Dynx^^io »na., lyasDDxo 
Dnna ta^D px rn^an ya^n ta^o ta^any n5yn 
-nny yayxa yryn .oy^asonyx y^x nyaan 
taxn n^taa^xta dxii >o%i tapynn raix tanya 
■ayamaix,, t^x ixa tynya yaaa nytayBB' ^n 



11 



•ypijrn yj"f p« ^i2D^«ia 



(63) 



nys^s ps 33i3yny3 lyp^ys kh pyiasr 
pa tt^pa'tayno ijn ps bphs-is s Bsnn 
lis ,DnsaDns dw ]"p ps ,iyc?ayc y5s 
sh ps ^riDas I's jy&nyj ya^m ,y^s sh 
jyiyHS ps aynp,,) -lyaarPDKB ynaysynsya 

D'lSy^>SES3 TS ,fJQ^J "VD„ .("452 y&"T 

roonfo nyi pa yasms kh jyiiya pk iy^ii 
"»na s tyaasiDya td 5«n ,nntjs"» 1812 ps 

D^nym^s jyasn ya^yii .jyaavpDKB 5nsv ya 
.aarposa ya^vj^K p^s d^s ,n»nfo yryn 
tDiy^pny D-iyn dpsb "whsdd\-i nytyn 
-ons ps y^iyjy nyi ps DSD^ryi s d5s 
p« nnsa ,jy^p D'isy5ssya ps *p$D^» 
-sssa pa D^a a^aaynas nnnfo rh -iyas 
-mi pm -Dinypyams pynjtjT ty^ii D'asy^> 
-K3 .nanfo lyn ps 3^ayri3s jyiiyj ps jy5 
tD"x pn dsii ,osn D^siiya asn tsy^sa 
-yna ps aynp*) ".Biy-n$aya d.tx ps asn 

.("448 ya>n ?yn 
■^d nasiaya apaianasap jyryn ps 
nys ny^Kaya nyi ps Dtfaa^s ayn >sdd 
tyi$y»ya nysnyn fK Tjmoti- :B"p3^ay? 
ny 5"ii ,toiynjin nns* pn ps nynrpa s 
ny .d»x p? pa apnsna s |yuya ps bd3^/t 
D"x pn m ^"5a Bp-ppya ps tDpjyiy: asn 
-as a^sn oy jyp .anynssya dh^s ps tos^n 
awn p»t b5km aD^sasn .fyiyyiya snyn 
.•^VBKaai,K nyn^ T^yaais -iyns \vwi 
yrn *p5any a^a iviiya b5$p nynatf iyii 
m ryiaisiissnya ny af>sii jsn ,iyDsayaa"s 
pk yaya^s D$n ,33\3"Bny ya^naysaw is 
".jy^aya yama ynynas a^a ps sddh b^b 
jya^pa^aynys yoma kh ps a^ans sh 
kh Dns jypm «t dsii ,Dyn ps anya^ya 
jny^r ps lyvaynaya sh ps jyaanynsa 
iyn aa^a^ya anyn D^myi .lyo^jyacv 
■nMiHru pM ps ynytyT nyn pa Di*aj"K 

.jy^ii ~m5v 
IKosjn ayn r*n]yyj osn 'sbd5>sb jyii 
-yj ny^Mi ^V \iy dsh ",jyiyns ps :ynp„ 
&sn 1870 in\ J ps .p'JSJsnys 1^3 jy^i: 
•fyDantynjyav ya^^p y?y^s jyayjyjD^ns ny 
nys'-s 5>yp^"is pn osn 1875 inyr> p« 
-ma s DBKoya aan^a ps aainysnyDp^a 
■ssnay?" s jyanyao^nN Ksn ps ^yoitt jyo 
lis rs^t nyn ps onyna^tya ,p>^y^ss y^ 
^bdSsb ya^y^i ,p^s-is~iys ny^c^n nyn 



kh pyust ,pnva nyi jyaa^na cms tayii 
?yiy »a dss^ iy .^n syi ps aain'oa' 
y?»paya y^s ps ts ,d^ii ny ?"ii ,o«nDaynp 
,iynyn t:^>a -isa oyn nyay^s y^aytasnDD 
tao^otJ'ya Dia d^j jy^yn lyosn^sa sh jyn 
nya^yii ,iyD^s nyanyss^ nya^yr nyi .p»j 
o^d la^na t^s ,n5nya ta'o jyaamyaann t^s 
na^a Dyi «ins ty^ssivas ajnytDDi , 'ay3 Dm: 
-snya jya^r jyDsi^sD sh ts ,&nyr ny tyn 
lyn n^K jytaisii ps ytsv\ayaDn« ps y:vv 
lyrwya t^s Dy m ,310 dp s ppis m oas^j' 
lyryn ^sa .sansnsa "3 t:as^ nyn iss 
*iy^ns"iDB' \"i isy^sasa tny^iys eas^ 
-n^anyyn jy^s^aya ps \v^\~\: s pa .ynp 
p^s nsast ps nyassa^s p'S iy myn nyn 
?"P,fiBnyn taoip dst .iv^^vr] iya^p^aais 
ivi ^isa T>t Bsn yy»is y^nnvasna sh 
aana^snya ytJ»Dya s m onyiy^aw cas^ 
oayDSD lyryn ps .jyoayay^y jnmK *hs 
■»sp s lya^is ynyrais nss o>a pi^ tanyoB' 
yia^tix pyusT ,^n nana s ps yoso ytapsa 
■"» ya^yii ,|yDsn^sD yr^a^s yia^nsBnv ps 
-a^s yaya^s ya"t wn iviv* jyoianss \yi 
"iys >^.iya^p .fy^nyaya "^-wi"? -lyayiyD 
■iv sh nasot?' n^s jynya jya"t lyaaiayis^ 
-nyaivsMaiv yyais yo^ns^iv ps V2"~\vw 
.ta^na^s nyivtapy^sp p^s ps lynsn* jyo 
tayiani^-iys .vw isa yDSQ iyn pa taiyp 
yDsa nyi riQ ta^sna^s nyn /tfyn "iyn ^ns 
ps tapmi Dya^yii -ytaDisiiyaais dst t^s 
dsi .-i^yn nyn sins ijpk ^nn lis nrps 
ps naD sh ps tjrp*pn ytaDiKpyaais 
:ai« sh iia„ -tyaan^Dss y^nsDDH sh 
ps ,|yD3Hs Daa'na tD"p3^ynia yoD^spya 
nya^yp ps y^sn s D^y^s^ dsii payo nyi 
tanyta^iss jan^Dss ny^Hsoan r^s Dy 
Dann ny ma »p .aaiD^nys in^s ^soa^p o»a 
nns ny Diyn ,iynyD^"iys iv n ty?yp is 
"jynyns ps aynp,,) fytaana lyaa^na iv 
".(in^ , » 1889 ,npDs» ,19 yo"T -4 nas3 
-iy-i ps D^panaynys s ps y^si sh 
t^s oy iyii ,jys>Haya iv aa>^ ps ytaa^ya 
o^a» .y^as^s^^sayDSD sh Daspys eu rais 
■ys nyiyny^ D^a ,y^aytrr \"p ca -casa i^p 
d^s jya^t ,tyosnv yi"3 D^a tis »ijn«t 
m ,aaiaynyD nyp^ys s tjrBrratD'riM nasD^ 
.oap^aya lyasn nypHSDD^n jnyta^y sh 



(64) 



as^pix nh 



12 



nyn pa .yapya ywrfyi k ayoa mn^a 
lyamyaa^nK pnyii yryn jyasn d«t nynaK 
-^vtfsiiyn kh .btk ly^yj p^wip yanK&y k 
tik jy^Kayaas fya"? ny5yatj>BaHtt> ynya 
o^Kiia jyama w ao ynsyno pM iyayn bitk 
•yn — tyivoKinyoasp kh ,Baay^ iy^y^ 
-is nyjpovK pa p^ohp ynaya^a w«t jya 
kh ,nianip3K p»t fyayn — a^a kh ,aaon 
oiaynat*> ytyonyn w«t lyayu — yaon^na 
TOKnyaH ya.nyt? pa nyoynonya kh .fya 
-nya a^o btk *pik apipya jyasn aeaip pk 
-tynytya jyasn «t .jyny'nya pk aanynoiKii 
niTpn pk aaya^a yt^aa^o y^K kh pk m 
aaHyay^ya ny^Koya nyi tyns^nya ^nyii 

.naK^ain pa 
Tt ^sbd^sb apayntrya "imp isoi pa 
ya^yu ,iyaKDpKna ytro^Kya a^o ma do 
aaiK^itJOKa^yn yo |"t aa^nya-iKa jyasn 
-ya tik t3sn ny no -ikd jyaaKnnny^ k pk 
,iyaatfnyvnyap5Ka y^^P y^ya fyaynp 
-ix ya"? pa a^-istnya nnyt tya^r ya^yu 
.jyaKoap5»a kh pk nyaayn 
a^o 5ia ty^n yapyn ,jyaai5nyvny yryn 
PK B«nanfi3«n nyn yasna ,niK5aai a^aa 
lyoyayaaKaiK t'K nnyr jyaKD yaKnsc? nya"i 
nyn a^o a»o"X3"5a aanyna ny ijn ,pma"K 
."nyan^anyaK t\k inn aiv ya>5 

n?K do nyaan ayn pk ,oa"tr ay »n 
1880 pk .yno nyn pa tt fya'Hixas aa'H 
-sa^aa *iy^a ya^aayna k fyay^ny pk imp 
"^oh^k kh-'K pa otio nyn,, pnyii yB>OK5 
"^onyaaa'a pa obko kh„ — isst ins* pk 

".KDK3KD DnyV>HP» — 1890 pK 

tycjoyo kh to jy.ny? ypnyn yryn pk 
PK iyay5 ,iyvnyoa> pk jyTH ynyn pk 
ywiwv a'nyaKanya ayn yasna rtypTii 
lis tan a^K B"p3^pTii kh fyaa^ya vs 
nyaa^o d^k aa^tzny 'kob^kb .ynnyl? ]"i 
.nyriHS m a>aayo pK anna »itk 
jy^HKiyoH jyvTp p>o iyo^^ ^11 tk 
o'-o o^pa^yno a'-'KDa^KO nya^K pHmya^s 
i.ya»H{J' jytj'^Dn tyama ayi pa nyDiyii kh 
:Kao fy'^DB^KO va *\w*\2 pn pk iiyoyamt) 
-Dyia nyi ,nn^K dkt ,niK t^k t«$ pk nyn„ 
tta"5yapynK osn nanfen pa ny^oaa^p nyo 
".ont k 4 jk ^ytays ny^K 



osn o»v nytyn naymyn .oasoypya osn 
""lis t"t jya'HE> w tyannyaaK nyoan nyn 
",KaoynKp KaaK,, ikosi fyoonnya ryo 
'pDDn» pk ODHtoayayiya okh ny tya^i 

.1876-1874 pK "pOOayil 

jy^aKa pk pit? pk ikoki {ytyn pK 
ypoK^Kyo - ^^db^o pn tyDKitayaaniK 
pa yo"T ivvvnv nyn ^ik p^ .aanyno^ 
:piaa ayn o^yo^yac^K ny o»n ikokt ayn 
nyn pk nopa kh t>k p^o) "n^i apa h„ 
bkt ,|yo"n:s a^Kiiya rj o»n D^onyT .(na^ 
pa yayn yanaaK^ayTH ,yan'niKn kh 
ityn ayn iv KaoyiKp KaaK vi'pyn nyn 
'kob^ko .?iKia^ iiTK ryoipya no »pD:snii 
nyayiKaya pn pk ,-iy^aaa^p k nyns t^K 
nyn .piaa ayn pa pin ayn oaynya oay^Ko 
■d'd jyay^o pa tyaaimyamn anyr, nyry^ 
ayn pa vifyn nyanpnaaiK lyi « ftvayj 
taanynaiKinya o^o oayna ny tK ,*itk jkoki 
hv iv pis*ibe> k ^sa s-i a^a^ia t^k bkh iv 

?tysy5o 
ayi iyiiya nvao osn "ly^aa 1 ? nyn 

•BinyaaKny pa kh: 
pn nyoyaEi* ^kod^ko osjn aaaKtoiK do 
ny ;aay^ya o^t k ik ^yoya y^Hy^taaa^ 
t^k ny^oaa^p nyn tk ,a5maya ao nnyr okpI 
.khj nyn d^k nypiKa^ an>K pk 
Ban "KaoyiKp KaaK» jkoki ayi ^»a 
-taaa^p \"i lyvynvai^a oamya 'Kaa^KO 
iv jyannyjas osn iy .a^pa^ayna y^ny? 
-KpynJ lyoKa ayn nyaaiK ikokt k fya^HJj' 
-nnya av^K pa iyTH pk nya^yii ",fyaana 

.aanayya ao jya 
•yi fyasn ya^yn ,;yp:K-;ya ytj^oD^o kh 
oiiTaya an>K jyasn ,mo pn pK aayiw 
■hp k tyannyaas okh iy .ayn ayo k tik 
-ya tik pK (nin^Kn noan) yoK^Kya pa p»o 
ayn *pik wwb k pk aaivynya^K ik obk-d 
jyayayaa^nK iy okh ayn n>o .ai^yaaKiiy 
onyot^ya bkii pk„ *;ni» nyan ynaya^Ka 
PK„ ,"?isno to jy^Kr dkh„ ",fyan^a p*o 
•ya kh nya^K,, /'?p , »5'j bkt onyo^ya asii 
iya>K„ /'DBaip pk aaK^ayBm pa aaio^o^ 
",aBa^yr oik pk natfo aaaKa,, ,"jyay^ bkt 
"?aaaip t^k dkii,, 
tyaK^ya btk fyasn pnyii y\yn y^K 
-y: tyaKfi ya?yii ,ny^tr p.s nyaaynaK y^y^a 



.^o jyj^rT; pa jyo"* y&Dyt^y kh pa yoa^y: *iynt 

— TIB— 



"iyj$^y^^ uin [jfDswB fyi lytMix 

.(1878 J?JfB»5) 

Ii« iyi:y^> yiyinyo o^snDjy tjhSdvi 
-"* ypiiyma p« fyasrt yrfyu ,\yimyi 
kh Kni nyp^ya yiyi:x iv ttiynyj jyo 
fru'N-a^Kn *oi ,tyspp$ia jw»mn't 
-;pjyp d$i ,isn:y < ? ye»wpPKp kh ,&n? 
-yj yoa^yj ypi "pa .11 .t k fy^is vn 
-sy> pn p« UKfon iyo$j ayi vn ^pia 
ypi y^K p^s coy^s? iya5yp ,pr fyra 

.nyony 



-prj p» ijmK pa ynstDDTi yBoyaty 

•-U87 

-'k — .onp pa TNpnNp -jn3 aaninagii 

— -iy"l«tN3 NH ]1B 13N 1 ? DJH pN J:K^1JT3 

pa nt^DgtagmD — -'niMP pN amyrya 
pn WTK — .n^'^'n iy*i nons^i 
-Kis Dmaa iyjyn yjgT «n — .;y^ns 
lyTK ye»B'n ps upssjsyfyn — .pun$2 
]yr»K sn pa inisc xn — .rpytry 1 ? is 
.•wtfwsn p« 

kh lyiyp i:N5>Dn pa vwm «h *nt?3 
.nyuyfoPK va oyDasicya jypK yt^Dii 
-iyt^a kh pa y:"K pk d^i .yiDyia ve 
lyi pk twyayaya \vn d$p ,iyaip'K yea 
oayi d$i apx .tD^nwyo iyi pa yvyvys 
,npm wnny»"MK5 pk i^iyaaa k pa 
*oi maya aa&tf na&tfovi ps iyTK fpty jya": 
.yiDyia d5x tytaaxitaya iv BDn^yr fyon 
ps anp Syta^K-a^n nyi npx ,tnppkp p« 
jypya iyi>x jya"t lynayaya-Ka^i «h p« 
-ya ^m ta$n nattfDVi iyi"x i$: a^oynx 
tya»r ^n ty^^pa oyi p« pi« .tayiana 




■Bn$m$a 

-'« kh pa yoa^yj K\ r 
*ntn u&tfDn ps jyi 
ta^v iyiy^ re raia 
.lyvoyiytaa^ ^y'a 

-yis nyi ^n opayj 
-jiK pa £"n& nyDD 
D-iyi:^rya .p^a nyr 
iv taw *pa p»T "iya{# np no tDjsDyiytD3>« 
8H |yjyp ,jyTN y^Dn kh iyp ,id»»s nypi 
njypn^ia ptk iyp>T ,jya3M^anya yotiy"j 
nyanyi pjyi i^n jJijnnjf-DyjKD rh imx 
ayi ^a uyp yv^wy) yi:y:y^i$z rh d^i 
-^pi inyr t"T t3sy* Dip^ais jynjyfy^H ,, K 
I .?yo^p 

y:yp ^^j pk ynstDD^n jw^TirewDn 
px tsjya^vnya n^j pn p« tse'nsayjDPK 
•:iD«aiNa yiayn^D'Dpy nh .nyp^CK'ana 
nynymaay lypn njstati'jyayj jyrn nya^x jy^ 
-p^h iya>K fyMtfTJKnas — ?y»axn3s:so 
■»n yjyosp^sa^s "iyn^ - - jyDpxa yj^ys 
-5sa n .fysjpisns pn o^yD^ pa lynsba 
t>« n^K^Dn p« jypK pa yoa^ya yanayD^ 
i^d |ynD y^pnyi ; toar.piv nyi pa ^kt r 
^KnyoKo |yj"iNp nyi tpo jyjypjya ^t 
•lynspya tnya^yji vw< V2 vx dsh 

■y; nyvnip nypn pa aaiD^anKya kh ps 
« d^s inyo wo ovijya "^u t>« asn yoa^ 1 
yiDoa^api n ya^y^ pa -jy^ypp -\w*m a^xn 
■jya) ";yip lyi yoa^ya,, D'royi: :typ>r 
DHiiTn,, D'piN'pisn .n ;(V— XI) lyi 
_c, yi3No .ii -,(1867 Krfm) "cpis^Dn nam 

;(1875 KB'ISP) "S>D11 *D< >131. D'Jiy? 

?y^ss p« lyiv iyi ywsy:» D'3iyajiyt2iM 



(66) 



tasnpi* «n 



14 



ly-twaa kh jyiiya iya"t p^kd dvvi .dihb 
.y>Ki yDma k D^aEj>ya \m tyasn ya^yii 
onp pk tkpiikp nya^K osnynw iyasn «? 
tyemre rroB'in iy"t DKnya lyasn pk 
jyanin oyn pk ,i*p djh pk Ka^sii nyn 

■ IJK^DVl PE3 £"Hd 
y^piya k jynya jya"T ly-iKtsa kh 
-ya lyatjn "t iyn .yD«n ypnKDKD "iyis 
-ya D^a iyo d«n r^na^ayp "iy»t taynan: 
-in "3 Dansonyn jynyn **t lyas ,dd'DB> 
"iriK^ jytam nyi ps nypnsBDn yts»ayo 
.aauayiD"* nyantaonp "ijn pa enjroin 
■^ ay-i nyaaix tynya «i |ya"T taDiyiv 
.lyiKa^ia «h pk (jynKaaiK) lyaain kh pa 
-anaya pk D^naya v» ,1f ly^sn nyDyst? 
ptk lyiiya tjrj»t "t .naifo ynynanyn k tayi 
-3K-ik fcon ^ya^natayp. y^a dki ,a^Bays 
«t ->kd ]yasn ,iy5»ia /laxfon .ty^onya -1^ 

.DKnya kiio 
.nyaynayxya lynya jya^r jy-iKTKa kh 
Dytany^pyaanx ik jynya jya^r »t iya» 
,j«^a a^ayp *iy"? nytaaiK ,781 ps .p5$s 
pa ya"K jyDnyauns lyot^ya »t fyaKn 
pk 5-na nyn pk tyas^^yi jruyBnyn kh 
dkh iK^a a^ayp .ypn's kh *tik ty^Kaya 
-khkd ,iyB»TK nyn pa jysnyjayDKPx 
pK jyas^a^y-i nyanDDnp pk wamyp 
.taiBDH k jyasn dppk "iKa tyr^^ya «t D»n 
nsa kh dki ,ma'i ayn pk anaypiyoya 
-onp pk iyt!"aKnyDKnso nyi pa nynyta^ 
*P1K yi"a vt ty^Bt? iyas»a^jn nyana 
tyonyawas fyoK^ya iv dkh Ado nyn 
-yaa^K jkt Dsn jK^a .js'a^yn ytj"TK k*i 
naaD pnv n lyBiny^ya jvb»tk ayn jyiK^ 
ya^t pk QiVK (767 onp pk lyanstscya) 
pa .mnBayiv pk tyoamyBa'.K iv ytaosya 
-y^aya tyiKtsa kh jya^t jk b^v "iyay> 
-yany^aiK jya^n «t t^a p?^a Dycn^K k |ya 
-KiBya iyasn ya^ayp y^nKtsa kh .\yi:iu 
ayi Tin .(jna) "iKPiKa* ^b^b ayn jya 
txn^K jyasn ^ann n^K jyiayT^n ty^n^K 
-»k ayn pa tynnKany ivnay^ yiynaK pa 
Vi jyasn «t pk ^na»ayp lynKt^a iyK"" 
^kidh .tan^Dy-iyBa^K pikb^ nnyt dh^k b>d 
-kbk> pk iyB*iny^ya ly^n^K k ,wnB& p« 
oyn Btjn , (915-970) jy^NatJ' pa jkodbk 
b^d fiyna k Bp^ya hdv a^ayp ly^nstKa 



lyoDny D'naK^on ti'pnn iKa jyoyrya "* 

.(862-879) a^ayp 
ynoyna pk t^nassn* jyiu'a |ya^n jyn^K 
pk mm' ns kmi nynna ^y^a nynay^> 
-kbb bkh .ip "iKa 320 pK .jyaaKayaiyBatK 
taaKnaya ^yBa^ay pa vwz> oaK^ DiKyoy> 
-k^kb pk -onso pk jyn'K laypiB Lnyiain 
jyn^K iyj"T ."WVd iycnKiK Dyn «a nKa 
-na B^v yiayta^nya k iyisiiya BaK"iaya 
-ya vik iya>n ^tk .D^t^n 1 pin iKa lyn 
pa ,D>n pk typK y^y^a jy-i^iiya BaKia 
\wftiM pk D»nBB>ra vt iy^Kn »t tya«if 
jyasn lyi^K y^y^a .(^npaKna Dya'taa^n) 
taiynaKiiya aaiaayiD^^ nya^BDnp nyn iKa 
"3 Bvytya ^n jyasn pk aiyo pk n-.to ps 
pk ,"iyyB lyt^^aDKp pk jy^nKii^ nyi 
■a^Kn nyi n^K pk aiya y^nKpiiKp k v i 

•nnp ^yta^K 
iyo"x yB^K nsa pk lya^n jyn>K dki 
pk -n>ip pk tkpiikp pk a^DytaK ww: 
-jytaayoiaKD yB»TK pa jypiiya i»$e»n 
PK -jyaiaya lyta-iy vvi px bkh iyo ya^yii 
-KaKMi^K '(^Bnyp ya^taa^n) Kyasp^taasa 

•IIKP ,BDK^aK K^KpDaKaip) KBKaK pK D^ 

W\V2 jya^r jyta^vnKa i«*n ,-iytaiy — (tkp 
■*ikd fyaiaya jyo bkh — iy^K^Kp yt^ayna 
pk lyBant^ ya^ayna Bna i^yaKta yayn«D 
dki .onyt jyo ya^yn pa ^ta^Kna^K ijwts 
nyn ikb i»a wwi \yw)i$i tya^r tyTK 
{ia yoDyta^y kh .aaiaayita^i* nya^aonp 
-hhb'd pa iyo«x kh pa t^K j^yasta yrn 
ckh "iya5yii ,nK3D«a pa a^ayp ,oyBKi 
-wd pK .ip .a 41 ins' ayn pk Biy^ayn 
-iKa k ,("tfya nyK>H»K nyn») y^Kp-Bia 
-aKa 113 B"ii d»j b^k "iyB"TN lya^B^^ 
,(ymyaia lypDy^DmiKB p«) >kikdwb 
,nusD y^H^K yB^K y^y^a jyaiaya jyo bkh 
inK' ayi pa pk yBDyD^y kh ya^yn pa 
-Dnp "iKa ihk' Dpyr "\pnow n^a^> a"tJT) w 

.DIB 

iy-pK kh rya^r onp pk tkpiikp pa 
Dayn dkii nwyi kh pk \yv\py) nyBya^ 
yvi -ikt &yi PK Ka^ii 1"b oyn typnw 
^"ii ,a^BDa^a nnyr jynya *n *ps t^k nayaya 
yB-iyiaimnK^ yDDiy kh pk pk jyDiK^ 
k lyoyrya aaiaayiD^v lyanDDnp iyn pa 
-jyiv div Bnnypya ^t e^n Dya5»yii ,p^a 



15 



-nK^on p» jvtn pa ytDan^ya 



167 



ow nya^yn /iyoD~iy nyi tdhk^i iRins 
pn nynaiR 5>"Vi ",nyan>"n "iy"J» lyanya 
lyaiRiiyapyiiR jyan kh jyasn aanyayn 
-bdhp 8H jy&iayaaR n« BDjynjyvya nyi 
dri ,ttfnys-iyi cnyn oy wj'ftn ya^ 
nyn tyanRUpyiiK pn ikb &8n tdhk^.i 
is^ftn ya^>yii ^payiyaaRa aoaynaysya 
ny D$n pyns |ytH is .jyonyjj^ ^t ny 
-»5ddhp ~\yi jia -lynyoansa lyiitfyaa^R 
-jpSjn wtk |i« nyty*jKiyoRnij!D »nya 
-ifa pa jyiiy3 ww yiyasy^ rh -\vw 

•tyiKT 
raw pa wtk vw jysn ^na pr ins 
-ya lyon^i in iya$n «t iyii ws yaaK5 
jyK"^iB nyi 1R3 .Dn'B&'ya t^a pk ttsyr 
-:y is pit? iyj"i K'tsmya'nw nypnsoDM 
-iriR 1 50 yniu^a ftnyiaimnR 1 lyaaR pa yn 
,l»n jy^^ia nyi pa aiiwia rh ikb 
-iy-i3K ik -lyr* ya^oyraR lytynya jytriRi 
dik5d»bwd dkt ,tapayi nypnijtBD'n 
-38 »8n nya^yii .nytamy ~iyi (iir^bdo) 
-yaanR &Rn -964 pk jy-iyayn is jyaaRay,! 
iyn .iaK^ pn pk jyTR y^Dny rh jyoia 
.Byaanya 'pDiiRaa-u hr^srii iypn*BD»n 
-y: iya"t utfna pk iyin* yca-iy rh dr^ 
renxnttrnnw lytsa^y nyi pa ynay is tittup 
ty-pR kh pa tyaaia^a^ya ya^pyity r 1 " 
tya^n jy^Rt 1096 ins 1 nyi pR jyonya pR 
oyi on? -jy^iB "18a un»« y5ya naRiaya 
5yny5y5 nypHRBDH fyy^ia lytaonnyn 
PR jy^is pR jynya fy-pfc rh pit? lya^r 
-lRi tya^n «i PR Dnynaimnw jytoa^a ayn 
.pKaaiK pr jyonya pa jyoipya jyu 
,yaRT r 8"t ^R p^rb fyp^na nyi "3 
jy^is pk jyiiya jya"t iyTR ya^yn D'tf 
tyt^ms ayi ^brs pa jyts^s rh pr 

itaa^RB K^l PR yaKT RH .(830) 

H8BB>ya pr -iyt3"iis iyi ^pbss jyn 
jyonyanya^R 5rt Dy iyii jynya b»j pr ,|ya 
33i^DKTiya nyi nnK -iRinta lya^a^ayp nyi 
*8n Ksni^np pk nyDyit3"iyaDp^8a kh pa 
oaypys o»3 ^in yayoipyjrynKns kh jya 
nyn ny": k pa 5hrii rh lyi^x iya»3"R 
-DiD^y nyi pa 3R^-i8a ayi »\»i« pR r\yv 
-«o is tyiRiiya jyDK^ya t^r on pa |ye 
oyn t^yii drii -iyany> ny^ a^yp r *i^a iya 
nyi jytDip3^n« tyanya tya-iRo jyDDay: 



DRn *iyna lyrn -lyou pK iytDayo^BD8P 
D11 pk DnniD y^H^K is Dp^cyais n^iDn 
-yanya^K dh^r iyaj?n yvi jir (naR^onj 
•viyp jy^HKTRa a is lyaya 
lyayayaDms t'R onjnainnriR^ lyansa 
iaR pa y^aKna8y3 yt^aNiK i« jyiRiiya 
-38 ayi pR uay5y3 tORn "iya^yn f 5ipi«n 
PR .tnyn3imrjK» iy»anys ny-i pa 33kb 
-drp nyn ^a drt rjymiya anyn pnyn tyr^ - 
t^r (Ra^Rii) ^r T'13 ayi pr wyn \y^s 
tya^yn pr ^"la^ayp DynaynHa r \y\vy: 
tDi8t3B'BB»in rh .tr r jynya pk 3 , »3yp nyi 
-•H *iy3 ,, iKii3 ,, R rh pR DRa tyo^nya t38^ 
18a .lyaR'a^yn y3y-iy^-iya pa jyny3 jya 
-n^yt nyi pa ly^yD^oaH^ ny^^aNiR in 
drt ^aRT .niDoyo iyo8a i'o^d ,D"S iya 
-"T lyiKTRa kh tie D*TipB>wwn lyi pk 
-aysya pk lyoonp WK y^y^a jynya jy: 
yooRya-iDBnn kh pr 3^yp nyi .lyayn 
,iy-pR jynya y^R jya^i sanyajn iyi pa 
-y33R iya8n "T .yayi^aya pv ta^a iya$ 
pa ly^^s rh pK naiER yt^H^R rh jyou 
^k iviKH (3^ayp) ^H«a lyty^aK-iK ayn 
pa my-I31^-l^K , jyo^iis nyi p« ,vsj>r-i 
oyn "iyi8 -33i3ay-iD ,,, s -iy^^KiyDRn8» *iyt 
HiDDyn .Dit3DHp ^Ra ts-iy-taimnR 1 lyoas 
■'5«n nyn .dros ^tRtJE'^Bnn yrn 18 oan 
y^niR^D rh pa ^ddrbr ixn ,55h»p nya 
dri .tayoanya ,(868 tyan8»K'yj) ^yp^ya 
&3-iy5ya dhp pk lynKTRa kh »a isrh ny 
.^ya^a kh pk wi&w yty^Kynayn kh 
jy3"t lyiKTRa rh pa i:r^ drt inn 
-"nt3 iyii Dt^nyis lax^DH pK iyoipy3 jyi^R 
a^ayni3nyiD3iK jynya jya^r naK^Dn pa jy^ 
.y^yais y-iyi3R ^in pK lynxtRa kh is 
nyi pc jytD"s yt^Diy rh pr t»k iiyp 
"iv a'ayntnyaaiR lynya THa^yp jyB"Dn 
ljn^K in jyaRn lyDiRt P« lyiRt^a rh 
iyiiy3 lytsnRi iya»n »n .tasyrya nna raRa 
jya^r pR 5yi3R.n t3in , ay3 jyaRn /w*r\ 
~\yi jyii ,9G5 ■^^8 , nyn pK -th jyiRiiya 
nayaa^R drh iiN^D8t3R ,>k D 'SWP nyc'an 
ttRn -jyHRTRa pa ^?pird DiR^ty rh jys 
yay33Ray3 y^a tain^ayapyiiK in d^o iy 
,dri i»o nyn «a osytya «? drh pk iyi^ 
-DRtaRniD pa onno oyi 18a -ny 1 ? lyay^ 

ly^^DH Cyi tl^lR t|<HK PK -080 p« r ^«5 



(68) 



•BSJlplX «H 



16 



"Xia Dmax mix jyansya t»? Bxn Bans? 

.p^uxa 
-n« o^ jyjin nypnxBD\n xh njynnyii 
tyvx yaDiy xh jyjxn pa ,oyn nya^x a»j 
-iyax »t ty^B^ ,iyBipyj iymr fy^ia px 
-jjn Bmnji.mnx> tyam: ayi px djj-i ,p>x 
kh tia jymx Biymjxuy;j"x IJ/on^n jyn 
-^yj int iyaxn «t ixn /uruitf ytj»:xBny:i 
893 nn^ nyi px .mam ya^py-i:? jyu 
x wwy* njK^o'H pa fymx xh jyajp 
-"iiv) tyBiy^a ayi py&v'? is fs^sxaySyi 
*iy jytsya is (iyBD«»a xh pa ^:yp nys 
fysyiya is in jyan^ny nynnn yiyn 5$r 
-y^yn iyn pa nyny^JB'o xh .t:x5 pn px 
iyn ,mBon lmptm h rtjmja tymr wtttu 
'n ,x-inxny-iDDy an'py H lyp'BxoynBKD 
?xjnj '1 px nnppK3 n$ '"i ^jtfptpx ^>xu»y 
1^: |y:i:x.iy:i jyjm yD*nxty:i yvi .^tfsmn 
lyay 1 is jy^ia pa BisB&'Dann xh -lyryjj 
,t'pyt5>yH 1KB lyjy^tny jymr m d5x .b"s 
-x5 nyn px omx bsh nxppxa »tf h px 
pa pyus nyn Biy^pny yaxnat? W'^'B 
o5yt3K>y:i "t pyis>yH to^n ,Dax^DTjxry:i nyi 
-ya omx iyaxn m px tyjixna yjyny&nya 
:t2j^a xni ryanxuB^x tyay: 
y£"mx xh nnyo^ya dsn p«„ 

"?n:i»x 
ty;psmx in px {ynn^j iymx xh— 
-yn px au"x mDay^x px iya?yii ,otjj 

.oy^x Bay5 
"?nntw xh lyn^s tymx tyam>:s dsii„ 
m^anyD^mx px km dxi — 

ayn iymx nan x ma jymx fyts&un« 

"?jsnB is Deay^ \-\yim 
oyn Bnyjya -iymx jyn i?>ax iDmya — 
mxn nan pn tyjyj tyayimya iyDD:yJ>p 
■lyiyn Baxmj^ya iy 
-"tnyBJix "lya^yu ,*iy:"x mix tnyn,, 
-ya ,|yTx pa ijwjw*d yj»r px mr t^yi 
"?iy^jyo x n^a Djyayi 
t^x ttnyn p« topjyn dsii -rjyo "\yiv — 

.t^jya k 

KH PK MVP"} B'jyo KTK lyil pK„ 

"?I^p^yn *iy»N pa ?ya^s:na 
kh iy^>nt3"iiN is n^j oijn w:yn nyn — 
*iy:^N ?yii ;mvn is ^:yo tia tyaji^usn 



jyjm onow iy>a .on^D^ p« nytjony 
*iyi tia jypy nh »»a lyijjtuyj D^yo^yapyim 
dt^db' nyi is D-imayj d^i ya^yn ,pna 
m/DDny -,y n t2nyn oy nyn ,|yaanyn is nix 
dxt ,t:i^Dxa y-ix-u Dy oxn xt .jjjoipj»nn 
•yj pk nya^yn ,n,miax jyoxj f^ia mx x 
■yj nyanxT axn px ly^jy'nnyi^ia x jyn 
px .(lyDD^a-nyii^a) "p^iixaxna w fyo»n 
.Dn^tDB* px lyoipyjj'nx nna lytiany nyi 
laiX^ p« D'^jya a.Tx nasn a^axii xh 
•y? i^a ryixnyj Wppiy va ny inh ,r^nx 
px nyjypijnB'nyn x jyn^nyj t>x nmax .vs 
*iyax Dxn ">y d^x .tajxrisjy panyn mt oj^n 
-m ny^nyn ytD^yoxrnya xn dxi >\ynyw: 
^a ny oxn ,ai^ya nym »>a iyay^ayj jyj 
Iix mr jypjyiya is to^s jxd x jyaynyj >u 
.t3X3 is Dyayj px p^x lyj^x jyj^nmya is 
px jj/d mis .jynxnyj B^any px y&2 jm 
esn nmax px jy^xnys jyam oayj mis 
jyoipya r>x Dy tyn .p/miy: d>j r^>x ^sj vr 
&: r^x ixj t>x iy px jxb nyoni nyi 
tyn^nyjjix nyi fytj'ms toxn jyjy^ny 
■n»WD*in ddx'3 fyoxj r'D'e nyna x ttfiy 
dx"i nyam^a b^j Dy \yp mx hjnna- :jy 
xm mx px ,pn b>j j>jyp x mx r»P tjx? 
-Dmx d.tx v« ^yn -D'nx t3^: amp nmax 
-X"iayj3nx iy Dsn pxn x ta'o px ".jyi.ma 
t'x Dmax ixn ,mn cyi pa thd xh jya 
pn pa njympDmx .tyDx^iya lynya 
■xa„ :fyn^yjDnx jxt nnnax bxh ijfety 
omx ?bdx>3 nyna nyn Tn»n tonyr r jyp«>f< 
csnya ny .3^yp x n>a jy^nyn nn^x D^xt 
dxi 'tynytyjmx dxh iv ^mi njxasnya 
nya^^a &: aijyp x mx :nx5 jyp nj^ N 
nyDxa dxi dix \yi ,hbid mix nsnyn ny 
rPJ^ tD^yo^yj mr ny bxh .jyDyi is ijx5 
naxioya bu^ nyi p« mi dxh Dmax) mo 
xh ixhbjx i.mx b^xt dh>x .(j^yp d5x 
m,xax"i3 oniax px bx: Bjm im« jix pnD 
tjnsnya px BDx^a px "rypjxi i^axi p'j 
.^:yp d^x Biy^pny 
Dyn Dx^D^By^o fia jyo^s xh p« 
ma ry-ixuyj Bjyiayj |yjm (1173) ]yvm 
yj^x -tyDany^x y^i^a b^o jysj>» y^n 
xn ryjx^Bya bxh tyspo b-ix ytn tia 
"Dan omax„ Bantj>a % ix yj^xyiayn 
yryn rx ,m5ay» t^x Dy .(dd^b nyi D.maxj 



17 



■ufctfD'n r« jjtpk pa yiDD-'tyy: 



(69) 



«h nyojiK iya-ismyDJix pn re dij (5 pn 
•jny'ayi »h dbi (6 ;(n'sns) *yttK:oK*a 
.nyayna-iya px yn:"3 tyay' ww »? m*n 
-s^-iya rx ty^y^nna ypi pa Bene* K'l 
.1019 nnijii nyi px ty-owy*. jyi 
-xiat£> xh tony-iyj nyn^x fyasn jyvx 
V» iwsn »m ya^yn px ^ynjy$> kh pis iya 
px jyDyry^ iw"i axii ,|ypx sn .Bvyrya 
-ipnyB xh Biyny:i jyaxn rxpnxp px nnp 
-«? ya^yn ,tynpy^xn ytpnxBXB ~iyix yc? 
lis ty-px xh lym .jyjjKjy'DiN tyonx-j jy: 
*nx5Dn px Bxyrya *-*t iyasn iyony yn 
d^x .'sjhtw y^on xh fyouyjjs *n jyaxn 
tyoip iv tyanny-as ux^on "x^ jyaxn oy 
-sn px nynjy^ y^Ko-iy* pa jy-px y^y»a 
-i-)2 ynyi«r fyjpBBnjoiK ^nr*ss *iyin bib fya 
ypBii-j xh bsh nypia y^'Dyr*** yjpmyn 
nxa .yB"o"n xh tyD^B^yjomx •flnBc 
-sn yinyTriK'iiyro"** yamytsyati' nh dxp 
Biy^pny ,**K"iS{j' yp'on h fyouyajs d*" *ya 
iyjy s re px ty'Dn dxi ,tD'myi ^n 
-nim ,yaiB&* "lyanyny^ x ^nx jyiiya B"¥ 
nytayi^ayaonK lyiiy* px y^B'H xh iw~\ 
-jnyvay* nyn px -^ija iyr>: *-xn .*iya'H r s « 
px jy-pK y5y>a lyny* Biymmnxi fyo 
d5x pi on tjnynyj fyasn dsii nr^on 

.•"imBBnymja 
-*x y^o"! xh pa otfa^'x nyi jyjyn 
fiyii tyaxna^y*: oyu ya^na xh *t»in iyi 
.^yta'SKp "iy-ux is px 



pnx bxj d.-px 5xt bxj \yiy: Bayiaiya 

-t'DBPO 

xh B'» iy:ux;ya vt *irpx bxh Km,, 
px jyoipy* iyB*reixa fyjin va^yn .yioyia 
"?-jk^ oywx *iy"« 
ps lyttssy- osn idw h»v, nyn d»'*t>— 
oya^yn .yay^ya'jyo pa ?n*ayj ayi d*j$ 

•tystnya to 
0{?n dsj k**ji« Dyay in»n o^st dstu 
DsiiDy mm ny»*« px si iy\f« ?iyD«ay* 
"?y3y^ioyia ps WKiy^B \yiyu 
^fiB*»3 Qiv onytDtj* Dy iomyj ,y*— 
"uvnm k^ nam k5 nil* :mm lynis r'x 
lan Da^> nm* aao rntio- ,('a ,a"a niDCJ*} 
".n .1 -s (n*5 'to" 1 " xnp'i) nans in 

-in Din^B* y^H*s kh pa nyDny-ii s 1 - 
ny p« lyi^nya ly^yay: nnyt i'pj*B*y5 jy: 
Dinya r s K iy dsi ,Byo*ir#vitMKj/' »t osn 
yiyin lyrany^xans jys"i«n |yy;s3 j'bid' 
■ya^ ins 1 "lis o'D .us? pn ps lyi'ia 
lyasn ,895 p« ojir^nya iyn "•^: "iyo 
nvDMs jyanny:js jyosa yomj px |yi*s 
p« ps -ty^ia t*k t's^ioih pa pjmim 
-■^Danti' iy;sipy: jytaisi »n |yasn 905 
jyvyiya iv vt (i :jyiay5nvia yuya^sa 
js'r^y-i nyin lyttfNn iv (2 ;jy^n »n hoi 
•"N ynyin jy^nyn iv (3 ;^jisn iyin is* 
-yi dud tyaitDaytyya iv in (4 nytaan yivs 
o^yay: dsii ^yu«n jyiy % lis na^ra iyi 




hw> 






kh *riK nai^n yiK^P k ^n bdkh .Bayp-iy 
-K^Ka kh tDjjsn ^ki pk ;yaK"ia y^Nj^^KJ 

lysnyaDmK "kipd^,, jib ycKiaKia y^Ka 
iyp?ya y^K "a B^nayrHBisaiK yBDy-ia kh 
-ay&jnyri nyi is B>a iiynyj okii mi^on pa 
kh ^11 ^ki p« > iK^Ka W'dh ny^ 
pK yoKiJtjns "utfKas^Ka iyi b 1 ^ "kipd^k,. 
y^Kaa'XKa yir tyaaaypya naKn ny- 
-ynya ytaa$*SKa yny ^"paHayBBuaDa^yr 

IX/jy^ "Was "K"lpD'K„ pa 44 .ou ps .aaia 

■n n k ' "i ip.BJ>ni,n» :td 
-ya Bayaynyaons iya"T B"ik"i) j y a a i a 
dkt to iy:ypiyjK (lyanjunya yo^i 

....'BayiaaaiB^B^yaBDa^yT 

-hk^kd yB^sa kh .tow^a k ^Ka 
Ka kh jyaya B^Kiiya b"-ib> "bikb yt^BD 
km ; "Knpo>K„ pa yBKiasia y^^i' 
•jk b^j n^iy yBiymyaiK ik pk ay tk ,b"yj* 
-hb !TiKT iK^'Ka y^na kh tk ,fyayp")yiif 
y^NJK'VKJ "i.tk jyayn jyB^KiB t^k Km lyn 
lyrn lyayiyBa-'K y^KaK^Ka kh .aawnaya 
,nyi *pik anaypip B»a ,^sn .a»5"n "liTK ikd 
ya^By pitr dmik "bikb ytfyi kh BynB 
-ya pk DHia^n pk wiwi'jv&yi b^b ins' 
-K'SKJ yiw ,\vp n dkii "^k b^b Baasyp 
pa aaiay^B^ pk B^panayBtPBDa^yt y5xa 
y^K tk ,B-iyniK2 km .ounKoyJipB lyt^-rK 
"ny"T„ pK lyanxii dkti .jyas^vKa pk ly^aya 
-aK B>a ty5?VB ^n jyrio pk \"i fyno ,nax^> 
•|ypK^K£ Km Diy; 
pk BanmyrrK yaxna ytaag'VNa kh 
B*a ^sa pk aiaya jynxiiya Biny^piy B^a ^k: 
pk i^bk anynya Km ly-iKiiya Biyataay-iKa 
-«o inyo ^xa .B^yii iyE"BD^K'v-KD nyi 
ny^K lyr'BDnpy fyB^nayiy^iya-Daaia 
.yaKia ly^Kas'-VKa i y b> .» t * k nyn 
y?«as^Ka„ iKa jyB^Kn dkh -kh i^aK 
"ty^Kas'VKa,, nyn ^ik fynyBc* dkh /'yBayn 
IK *iKa BaK jyaKB ^t i^bk -BPaianaKB'j' 
pa tyTH iv ik Bann iyo iyn ,y:^ -iynaK 




ysj^B 



yaK^a y^Ka^'SKa k> 

-am kh is Biynya 

i¥ TiK iyaK .yBDa^B 
jyaKia yoonyiw kh 
lya^BBK^ytya pa 
•iyay^ 
■ayom kh B^a 
■O k a B^a ,bbk^ 

"KH IIBKiyBH KH B'a -jy^BiKa 
"B'BB'ya K W2VW1 BS^K T'2 

yBaypyiyaK pk yayoiayaaa ,yBDya ,yta 
dkii -yaKia-B^yn yo»na kh ^m.k mvjTi 
ei^« Bayn pK Bi^BKayi Bas mtk Biyv, 
•k-'Skd ~mi pK iKa^T .jy^ayB jyasH'-B ^ya 
-Ka kh nya^K jyTBDnpy B^yn nytj^BDH 
jyaaia^B yBaoayiy^nya kh yaKia y^Kass 
-ibdhk^'kd iyn pK iKa^T ; tysayiyan pk 
yaKia y^Kas^xa kh Biyii -nuKiytaH nyB' 
•Dpan pk DBayi BnyrriKe bbk 
lynyB^'iKa kh ^y^a^^a div ,B»nya 

.y^BKiPKoyt'^K^'Ka nya^Dn ivi pa 
-^>Kii rtyBKiPKByr^K^VKD ,i»o \y\% 
rjs^Ka yiy' tk ,tnyn«a is lyoyaiKa jyB 
-BDa^yT,, tyasn *?& naK^>DH pk biikii dkm 
•^n iy:rK Bayn dkt bch dkt -"aaiB'Btyya 
kh jyB^Kii to lyii ; nyi k jya^T iv phk 
-aya^n kiio -B^yB^yaDmK B^a aanynsa 
-yTaiK pa y^\nBTiKnKa kh jyinHixaK an 
^\b nyTaiK pk b^kii iki ,~w:-'2 ytj^DH yi 
pa «ih "iyn fyan ny'DiK'o k kmi jyaa^pya 
-Kip^oyiHK^KD ly^Kas'XKanyBa'K iyi 
-^Kiya nynay^ y^K pa "lyHKBy^sna,, : yna 

"I^^k Ba>a 
-•'DH nyn pa lyin^aaK iyi b^hc mtk 
,iiKaKny^a i~\$yi -y, i BKnpKByT5»K ,, SKD *iya> 
.1902 ,t5DianK pa "khkt» pk 
Hyii ya'-Ban .yinyv .yi&p ^n B2kt 
hsb pK yBayn y^" 1 ?) kh ,yo3yn kh .iyB 
-aK iyaK iy"iyn fyas^Ka y^K pa jyaanyi 



19 



•V;«-i3 pxaioss: 



(71) 



-^sxd .n -i •« y^a^a .ye^on i^yo'ta 

? fyisD 

2 

tyayii tyaxna nh a$n ^ayi aynis "wax 
-xa iytJ"TX jyayii px ^aa DiotHxax^xa 

|1M "Nj£P ^3 "IXa iya" T D_l2 a DIOTHKaX'S 

cy dxii ,nyn ay>5is ; onyaoay-iya p>oya?x 
-aia^o yaynycmxa iijij tjtk "a ty-roDnpy 
-'x p^opx-ia nyi px px ynijtyntD iyr px p 
nxa Ti vo jyajjn ,yax*iB y^xax^sxa nyi *ya 
-ynu yarxicpma xh nxa iyonysp is Djjn o»a 
jya^r Taix "a jyi nyp'Opxia px nyp^tay-ix 
yoaypiyax p'oya^x yoniy; ip DayoDa^n 
-X'sxa ^yn px t^ lya'sana px tysyayna 

.yaxna ny^xj 

-5wssd 8H kmi rjynyty: iyai^n vo 
nyn px nx d«u ^sxnaxanx ya»»inpipjn 
m v^na wa^u ttfyii "wodhx^sxd 
iv px a^sana jy^xax^xa dis ynynax \nw 
kh Km ^"paHayotPDaa^yT ny^xax'sxa 
^s^sana no jyo tx ,is tya^a ,"xnPD'x„ 
-yaoca^yT,, lis aanyrixa xh iy5yBB>Dmx 
nx ony-iax raxa -lyas^KJ y^x i«a "aaio^OE? 
-^axp iyi px »»5yn nyatxicyma nyn px ay 
.p^pKta px yn$yno ny^oanxta 

pOayoxiaia "lyoaya ph xta>a px onx"i 
xh jy^naxnya is xm i^bx lysine yj.»p 
ya«p x^a |ya"i iytDi^t .yaxna y^as'ssa 
,nimsi pn my^i ,raviTax h *ixa tyxyay^-a 
-hxb "y^xax'sxa,, kh tnrpa ay ya^>yn is 
-HXtraxp xh pa px niatfo xh pa P n ta 
y^xax^sxa jyaya jyax^p yiwiyn y^aa 
.yopnmyoaix pa yoay-i yanaynya pn 
dsii -tyax* iv nyiw nx Dy .jyax^xa yaxntj> 
-ya -ixa ai:ya ibo ta^a nx lyaynmya x nxa 
■"i px ypixot? pa "lytao^xax^xa,, yam 
oaxo kh nxa jyaxn »t tim nyiay* ya 
lypmnyoaiK n» ytasyn rh tyonyaixpyiiK 
.tyas>ssa yny3Niit^ 

-sas^VNa- kh ^si tya>M bd'tdik t^a 
"jytaD-'iiK^DaKB,, n j^^pa^a pn "jyoo^ 
-«iNDya„ ps /'oyiiD,, /'x^y-rn ysiisa„ pa 
Kn„ ",|y»o«i5Hi. R'T niK^DVi px "rya 
tdik ta^a /'typatnya jy^xax^xa pa nyta'n 
-xax^xa,, nyn pa nynn^a xn "t fya^t eon 
"iyn»yntD„ "ix:^t jyax^yn "T .p-ta^xa ""iy5 



"«t jyi^x tx ,1'nayo »t -i^^'x: nyt^H'x nyi 
■ix^vx: p^p tJBiimya'X jya 

x 1 "! *n« lypip 'itx tx ,pw lyD^Ti td 
"8D ytr^^xa Px ytj^an xh jx^xj y^n^x 
■V2 nyiaix v** .jy^isnxa y^^x-p^ay-i^x^ 
~iyn i s x ya'sa^x xm ta , >: "T ;yrn py'n 
dpixd ^xp iynny^ ly^x^ya nyraix .oanajTi 
x tf>: jya^T lyi'x tx ,jyo?xny: vix oxn 
nyn^x ^xa) Ixjd nyaar d^x taxn "iy .jx'vx: 
lytDionnyzrBftm pn lyanB'yaax taxn ny 
xh D?>ynaxnya ("Daya^xa iyc , DC , r i oxP- 
."yaxna-DintaayTiv, a^x ma r'yaxiaayn^ 
iy tapm "yax-iaayrp "iiv„ ^yp^nx pM px 
-yn^^ayaa^x) vwwwn xn„ : "nx d^x t»t 
-xa xh t'x jyTX xh pa tayta^xax'xxa (yta 
x pa Bsnmyn'K nnio x pa tayta^xax^ 

."iy-;y---y; 

•jyni 1 px iyvx nya'K aaia^D ya^yT xh 
-3yT d>d Da^Tyaomx taxn apixo dsn ,niniD 
-ya iyn nya^x ox'x ta'iin ,pnw "inx" a^* 
-lyrrnsr ly^^xiPx^yT'/x^'xa nyDDiX'ji 
^^"1^ iy .aa^nyo nxna nypnxiap^n px 
d^x Dintaayiv Dxi taamy: ly^niva'x,, :nrx 
aai^pniDay ytj'^o^a^py « n "Wn ( 1?? ) D ^ |,? 

."taaxo 5y s a is 

- , taxao , D nya^yii jannyo iia sa^a iyax 
-nx 1 ya^8»K pa "xa pnxta^ Y:m o^a dvt 
,>pddixp i^ax ,Diniaayiv px iyTx o^n fyn 
-ynta ny^^D^x^xa -lyravx nytaDya iyi 
D^a ^yts^o fynyaya \"p Da^aya -nyp^y^x 
iv Tt nvy ix iyaya is »*t xm -tyT'X nxa 
,nya ,, ^ , p pa nypxaxo dxh» nyT) jyi^'o'DX 
.(36 nyoia ,1902 /"o^v y^a» 

rx yjxiB-ty-rx xh tx ,ratx Bt"Vi ax"i 
nya'a^ii ixa ta^yn lyc^DDHx^vxa nyn px 
Hxa px ttfynaxnyn waya nya^a^n -nx^P 
px yaxna y^xax^xa h m tyix^ya tanyBoay 
-xa y tr s i , x xh no "lyanxn .p^oya^x 
;\-\yv oaiTiyoaix cnyiaxTya yaxia v'pkw* 
nya^in^BDnx px nyiairya ^xa no ay 
: jyopaia ya^yTx fyayn \-\yv t Qiy^yii'-a 
Hxa "t jyayp is ?tx^xa x |ymx |ya"T is 
ynyiax y^x xm .yuzv^ y^xax^vxa \~\m 
.T'o lyayo px jya-xn is ? r y a x ' s x a 
;yoxa jyiH jyaxio .fyoa^x^xa y^H's* 
x ^ixa lyayais tt "n^a jyTio n^o nyix -pnx 



(72) 



tDSttpix kh 



20 



&>: ?$: V2"P tk ,yiyiaK kh iyaM* \yunyn 

-iv isa ?yiyia8 kh pa pyu opmiyoaiR 

rh djmtk D8i pk dkii : jynyt vo8* omy 

Sum ooip oyaKn pa p.K yaKi3 y^8j8 , *8a 

3 
,B^8 MT8 t^J PR "yaKIB y5Ra$<¥KJ,r SH 

tD"»J DTODMpy KM .|»5« jyjljI'XKJ 8H RM1 

iyaKKBts> pR iyny^ fyas'VRj irm ^Kiya^R 
ovoonpy yaRiB ytaatfMriM rh .(matfo) 
-"r yiym pk lyny^ lyaR'VRa y^s lyii -tra 
ikm ,rnatio yanayo^BDa^yT pRiyiajtf yaya 
yiyiaR pa lyinao^o p„*p B'a tyanRU ov 
"9*? rnatio y^Ras'VRa rh pa jyu .jyas'VRJ 
oa8io rjR'VRa t"X pa lyi^ao^o in jya 
pa yoayi rh pa aaipmiyoaiR km i5*bk 
.iyop8i8a jy^ws^w p»p tra iyava rh 
tir iya8 oyio ya8ia y^>8a8 , v8a rh 
-y5 088tatJ> p*K pR /IjR? i"H P« Km rtfR3 
i8a Km .jk^'kj p'K Km inyo jyoKnv jy3 
p« vi oa>3ya dsh >W¥iu iyi iyDMR 
iaR5 tyoMiya k pk in jyvyTy3 ,5n8Vinyo 
I8i ,jyjK^K3 yiy^jK pa iycyayo fysBna 

RH ^KT DR11 :yJKia RH 18 ''I"?: 1M D^K3 
'y^p RH TIR TK ,|snO ,DKKDt? iyi JJVWyi 

tD>j ly^Kt aanyp^yaya iyi pa tyS»no yiya 
?ty^aya y^Ka8 , vKa yiym pR jyTH jyaiRi 
y^KJK^KJ h jyvnyya brrbb? iyi 5st Km 
"yiwiyn* tra rh pa TiR lyoynyoa^R 

.?t&<XKa 

**o rh pa yaRia y$Ra8'V8a 8H pk dri 
PR .(ty5«no yiyay^p km pa) jyoyoHRa 
-Kia y^K^Kj kh n»o \y:^y: yoi83 iyi 
pK iyiay5 yoyi^aya y^K px oyoD ov'8 yj 

.fnatfo 
iyiay5 ps jyjK^Kj dkii ,nyi ayniv 
;tyaaiiaMaiya pR yiyiaR kh b<d ya"R jyoip 
kh o*o yj"K ty^iaRi »m DK11 -Dyi nyniv 
-••tov'K nyi pk ds^i ,ayn ny^iv pk ynyiJK 
nyn p« |y^3y» ^d k |y:yp DaK^^yrya ny.i 
|vp tyraya tan .\yiy5 \"p iyaxo d^ "D«n» 
■iv ,HUM3ByB>ya yi;yDKa vp iyi% ,o"3n« 
TK n»a ^Kiyn^K DyoD r^K tDDIp dkt ayH 
tw nyuKuonK jyno ly^ayo |yDK» yDMia 
pk iynnK-T -lyuy^ yioyna pk ryvyryn ^m 
Ikikb 12kkd^ jytDyi^nya lyiy 1 pK toyoD 
oiynya dru ^anyptyByn 5»nt3 ny.Dmy: 8 
•jy38^K3 "yioyi2„ ".i; 



-jyo pa jyn^ynts ;D:yayiaiK2 yiy^t ikb 
.nri'vi pk am pa ,DKiTty^ 
iy:8^Kj y^8 D'j T8 ,[yn8ynt3 ya^yiK 
p8 iyai8i jyj^'vsa y^K o-a tk ;v^J iyj"t 
81 tya'M Dy tk ;yDay~i ya 11 ?: jya^n iyjyp 
-y?yi"8„ T8 ;tyoKi yiyriyi^ p8 viy^yn 
"8ia„ kh ly^iynya jyaiKi [yj$'viu "yi 
y:y38 ^ya inyr iy^aya .ii .t .8 "yiyoa 
»M -to^yn ly^BD^KD-BKp lyi pk pyMK 
.tji8 iv tya8n ^^ taniDiv p'p iya8 jyayp 
-ynt3„ ypi "iHDBK^jyom,, o^io^a Km 
T31K »a i8i m |y:yp ,pn tra jy^^ "jyH8 
5«ii rjyj'aya to^j ;jK^pa8 p'p /jyDD^K 5, V8B 
pK fya'VJHB yj^oy^K yiyuiK iya8>i i n a 
jjiD^iya kh tjik 1^3 iya8n d^ii winy 1 ? 
■dmk) "yirtDKiyscK y^H8ayt3Kp« pa 
■so yj^oyj^K kh .„iy^nyaya ytsJoonw 
jDinypiKB Kpn tya^T nnm ytyuaD^v 
^y^ D38t^yaa8 no cy T8 ,tji8 ij/js^t «t 
iya^8 lyt^jyo jib 038^iyn oi8 y i y » 
•ayiya^K yiy 1 rt3«na«5a:w yiy ;\wnvn 

OyORiyaDMK T10 3J1pH1iyt3J\K PK O^pJ^O 

-8^8: 8H imk to tyjyp lyanKi .jyiyn 
8H T8 ,nT8 ii: pyaoayiKB y;8i3 y^8: 
■nyJijiu yiyni8 co syo^o^ ^n naitjri 
^8yi'8 ayi jy^'Biy ^8^ km tK pK \yi 
0"n"iB pk o^pa^iyina ,p«na»5a ps 

•ly^jyo y^K pa 
-o:yiK3 kh niK ikb w\) ayn ay^iv 
dmki8b ya8iB iy^8J8^8: iyn pa a:iiya' 
jyn ,»"» iyi p« .lyoa 1 ^ p8 iya83j^8 ^a 
■pKia pk iyp>oyi8yno yatKi^nia kh »a 
iv" :oiM3Kayi p8 lyonotj'ya oiyn iypM3 
,ya8i3 y^>K38^8j kh pyaojyiKB od^.i 
jyo lyn ,jyj8 , VKj yDMiya o^iynya fyo |yn 
■anayoB'ODa^yt iym pyviK *m »a oonyj 
■yi yonia lyinn: m iyn "tyviyi pK o^p 
o^o 18^8: 8 od".i D8ii» ,ayi iya^8 fyo8a 
"?yiyayn„ 8 t^8 j^vkj ya^yn "yoayi y^a 
pM sii8"i iyn ?"yiyjHyi^„ 8 ya^yn pk 
"?yo^iynya„ kh w\ pk "yi:y^iyn» kh 
tyjKia yanany p« yvi t:ik "a ?y^K3 

.3818 
MT8 yJ813 y^838 , V83 8H PO T318 "3 

kh pyaojyiyB jyo jyp k^i : pyii o^yot^y: 

y^K TK ,t31K KTK e»MR y^K13 y^KlK^KJ 

tra ^8T y a ^ p T8 ,i'Ha pM jy^8^ jya^'VKa 



21 



•yjN-is yfcJS'xgj 



(73) 



pX tt'3 13X5 PS ^HB p»p pX V* t^ 1 - 

pa iy5"nD xh jyayn lyaxna nh p« ,an 
ya"5p p» lyansvi dxii ,i$»!»u ynyoyu x 
nnixia nyi pa iyvy3yna «h nyonx jyaana 
.211 px jya"i «i ixn 
y^x 1 ^,, kh pk -anyt "irpx xm 
lyrsia ya^tsy ta*ia .x^p yanxn x "yaxna 
ktx jyn fyp nytanyii ya^oyafo i^d px 
m»tin ytoma lpe .pyataayiKB B'a yaxna 
-yi tx ,nyjy^a yt^BDxt^xa vwiwn nynx 
t^ttxn ",D"nx„ ^t va |nya ?st rx^x3 yn 
5xt xn tx nynx jdwi^vi y»"!i xh px 
tyaH3yoBtDD35yt "Dy3y3"x„ |x jypa v* 
pyorn F ^wnn xh px t^Dxn -dxxe:." 

"«'¥N3 KH TX -tyaXD tt'3 fyo ]VP ,\W2V2 

p>x px tD5i"Dix ,iyo«Tis iyay5 dxii rjy: 
— fyniD dxii px DxxDty p^x px px uxp 
,D<aaB> pn — :p-ny^ii ta'a iynx anay^u 
yj"K jy^xT ,m?jsn m^n jyay5 |y»ny: jy^xr 
•lypmiytojix w: y~\yi:t< xh 
jyn ,\nvi w: jyo nxu ayn ayn *rix 
,yoma xh pyataaynya roan ^ii jyo 
-rnx 3^t Tin jyia .yaxna y^xjx^xj jrunw 
-nana px tya^nnya^x rnn .nyay^n jytx^ 
-ya ,D"ixii p^x ta^o ,n» tyo .fytsnsaasa t^ 
tin |yo ^HtaBxt^yDm yaxia xh jy^naxn 
px imyn DBxtj>3yD'ii xh taaxT dxii -ty^yn 
■«d yirrx jya^T nnx px taaynya D"ii mi 

.fyaaia 
ta^a tyta^panyw xh |y^n nyax ta^xi 
-jyD"»ii t"N ta>3 5"ii -tynsiiya nytaa^H 
-ya iyDax^:yD , 'ii » m ymxa na ,dbxc> 
pa yny* -tx^x: jyayn jyaxna xh ty^naxn 
.ynxtaya y-iyi3iTya x *^X3 oy ta5yn3xnya "T 
tyo^t^ ya^yii ,|ya3i3"o ynynairya iv doip 
-jx xh pa iy3:i3"?o x>n D^n fyvjx: px w: 
■y-ia tsBxo yny^ px lyuax^jyo^n ynyn 
.t^np rx ,no« px ,t3Jxt xn dxh tx ,Dynjyn 
,tynyoxj te omp nyanxn tiixn jyn 
■nya iv t'ri^x px nm t^x DBs^yoiii yn^yn 
|xn tDB>iy px yjxna y^xjx^'xj xh pyat33y 
dxii px t33XT xn cxii ,|y^xaax3 px |yiyn 

.5g« lyts^nv x nuanxn nx3 .nxa osy^ x^t 

.3"iyn3*ixa ^xp .m 



,nxa t3BX ntx b'j 1X3 odip DB^in-iya^x 
■ya ^x^ ioxxd^ "iyi tx ,^n oan oy x'n 
|yj"t dxii nyi3y? px iyv3'iixia pa tnybts' 
pa jyvy3yn3 xh .1x^x3 p^x pa 1x3 ovyrya 
jyaxnv nix t3^3 ix: jy^Ka nai^a y^wi x 
jya^yii px nix'? nyi pa tyvyjyi3 xh ca 

■XXtD^yD'113 yt3D"D XH .D3HX11 1X^X3 XH 

.11 A .x "p^tD ,Tn»oy ,i3x^Dii Km .jyo 
pa 33n3unyB x ^nn byn^aya ti iya^n 
-«i "T .Dxxtit^ p^x iv jy3x^x3 yayiy^tsnyB 
-x , vx3 y3^yv3^x yomya jib niai^D d^ jy3 
ys^yii nyt33ix ,jyj$»xiu yiyinyn pa -113 ,jyj 
tjnn .yi3y^~iyn sn ixa ^n t33yDyi wx 
px ya^oax^^yry3 ,ytj>^DX3t?py y:y-\ywii}2 
•yi inn -am inn ,iyaxmx y^nxoDM 
.win jyoipys Dy nx jyaynanxa lis d^xii 
iyoxxt3^ y5K3g'YK3 y3^33ynax3 , ,x ^D x tx 
t3^p3H3yt3^t3Da^yT yny^i jyix^ya \y2i$n 
lyiy^i yvnynm ,ty^»no |ynxny3 p« 
.jytsxxDtr y"iyDy~i3 pa 
y^x3X 1 vx3 xh t^x niaifo ya^yTx px 
^y^a nyan^aa' ^y^a ,nyanx^ ^y^a y3xna 
-yj vi Birra niai^o ya^yTx px .nya^ayo 
,"p-iy3nya„ xh ,ix , vx3 p^x tx /^j^V) 
nyn pa yo'nun-?ya xh *ixb v» t33yayi 
y^x nya^x pny^nyn xh ixb ,hbi^o nyxjw 
xn ty3"T oy t^Dxn ;iy3X^x3 yanya»» 
an dxt 1x11 .ly-ny 1 ? px jyv3mxia yv3X3 
"ynoyna,, iv ^*iyny3 33inyp^yaya iyi jib 
px y^Yiynns xn iv tao^n dxt ,tyj^vK3 
•iyv3^iixna vw pa D»na - ^ya y'rifox 
-x s vx3 xh t3nny3 lynxxu^ ya^yTx px 
px nyt3pxixn ty^yaxn x tx y3xia y$x: 
-yii&y yt^^yaxn D3y;y3yn 33nyat33ynxa nn^x 

.jyt3"p3n 
-X'xo jy3yii y3xna xh ddip ,D3yt3irny 
y3y> t^x ^xt x>n :yi cayia cy .jy^yisn 
nyayn nn dxi 1x11 f nai?o nyn pa ]y^na 
-X3 nyn3ytinyn nyn iv ta n tanyny: aanyp 
tsytanx^o xn ixb tytsixn 5xt x>h ,js^ 
■x^'X3 yiy>n pyn unya^ya px isannaya 
?tyaanyTisa px iySrraya rtyoynytaa^s y^: 
jyayii yaxia xh -mx tarsip ,D3'yiD"W 
-ya dxii -iy3x , vx3 xh jyayii -fytaytanxa^ 




p A C J F I C 
OCEAN 



mTO jj?tr , n px 



pyn »jy^"S yn iya""iB> td jyn ,tM«n 
pa iynanya y^DD^oya x ,_ i DJittyDtpya 
nyariX px nnnfo x tx ,ayo nxa yovy^ rh 
xh tyayaaxa cj oyu lJK/on anx/T^T'D 
nyi ,xynxP ivaym lyjunyrxa nyryjxsx 1 
-ysyi x .B'nDfc* |i»mif»E ny"? pa ^ 3 y 
-as no njK^on tx ,Bjrtfyo jxux? pa yt$> 
■y; iv jyanyj *p? lynx xyi^p pa jytwna 
pa -nxDBny-pii dj/t jyayia iv nix ,inv\) 
*ixn:iy5>yD "iyi oy^j x nxa dxii .^ax^ 
"«5>bh l^ax tyjyp dxi ,'|y:nx» ty;:yna tayn 
■fyastDiixn^a b»:j fyprcD 

-»i lyaanaxj yjyiy^nya xh tr: -iyax 
tx ,Dpxa ayn pyiJXT ,|ybpx xi td jy: 
-yjjyoxnv in jyaxn txax 1 px "ukSdvi 
nptfnn nyn tx px mto jyD"ii px |yDnBB> 
lyrtna Dxn .lyfrpanya B"n ptx «t tsyn 
jyonyj jyno v* »t ly^yn "waya^ iyix 
x D^xajyny^ ta^n *isdxp lytn .inyiiya iv 
Dy xm J3io«iya ya^ttfyitfx y-iyDy-j 5y*a 
x ptfa tD"»a px oy .p^a fyoBHy pa b:j"b> 
xniB»n:xo pia Dtoyp-ixs xh jy:yii »nyD'»n 
x Ptfa B'3 ^ix px ay ; xy-ixP pa px 
cyn \vurwnyi 5x? oy nyii, ayn fyayu &"*]&£> 
fyayn *i3exp x py-uxt ,xy-ixp ^ywx-a^xn 




xm dxjxo "lix pi 

-"¥ ya^ayta xh 

5ib ty^n lyaaio 

-xp ,tyB»yayi b'd 

px jyvjyiJxsDyi 

nyi jyayn rmao 

,*ianxp tyop-ia 

-x ? a ny a 5 y vi 

jytmv mm iyB"ii px nyiaxaixa *ptD"iyp 

iv oyB'xnnD "lya^yn px fxsx* px lax^Dn 

x .ttfyyi nyi px jyina tya^vy cyi pjibkw 

px ixn x *pix wym ^n D^xn dxii -jyina 

nyn pa ix'vxpaxaix "WDD^xt^axpnyi 

IX jymp ya^yn ,fytDanaxa xh .aaxc^yTya 

,ttpax5 pa 5y^ysD nyw yjyiyti'iya pa 

,oy^j ya^D^yii^x pa Dypixo-^xiDjyv ayi 

-pinxaoax px tDiyoax^aiya ~\nyi ivw 

tsx'ttx TK ' Q y t2D,,n a ^ i 11 ** -Tayayia^iyn 
p.x n:«?on jyB'Piv riDnfo x dpx oayia 
Dy jyo tDjyp"^ nyax ty^x^ nnx ; jxax' 
t>x 5jni"o iyi tx ,nsj eytisnnya jyo px 
oy tx ,ditx d^x^ iyo xpi ,nxn^ ptx d^ 
-:xj nyn tx px non^o x pa o«n ^xj d^xi 
pyn Byoa^tyya i^d^b' eyn o^notj' "iyv 

.^^lyna 



23 



•mrra jytD^v. p« 



(75) 



•"I ya5»yii pR iy;y:N2«' 1 rh d'is aai»Rt38> 
d'id yj"K "inypnya pR jynya anay»B> fya 
inyt r ^ri 5yn»K-35Kn iyi pr ,ynyi:R rh 
^>rt irbr 1 jyn .bpjib ly^aytDR-ioa ipi'tfl'ii 
-ya rm tr »oy op»n ,«yTs?p jycnynya 
nyfyjKSK' ayi pa 3ymyDRii ayi ovnvn 
rh V^PIMI tssn km tr PR n 1 iy!?ya ps w 
-dm \ym lynyoRii yrn p« DaRionyanR 
jyn -Dinypnya .tytaiRp sh tsaR-itsya] ijr£ 
-dmr km jyp -RyiRP jyaRanya ?rt u^dt, 
■35kh nyn pa tytsiRB rh tv^uyn oaya^vya 
jrsr 1 tsyn diiri -tKBK' jyTpRBR ix ?yn»s 
rtr d^o nonfo r irb u^yo^es D^a ^m 
-lyiy^ReR' rh naR^Dn mi ynyaa'R yaMH 
nj.R^Dn tR ,pyamya tssy 1 ^m 5ni aanyayn 
-rp pR yaR^ r jypyoBwnit jyjyp ta>a 5r? 
3mr PR -tyonRT pa jyt^RitaD irpR pr xy-\ 
,33iaHHaya ynaya^aya r iy:np »*a oyn km 
-"K aynp R iy33KB3R ovy* nyaya rm oyn 
-iya ti Dyn ur^dii pa jytaiKii iv nyi 

R pR KniBTUKE PR T3»D PR pyp"lRt3B> 

.RynRp *pi.r nunc inrp* isma tr5 
Irsr 1 tr ,*pi can pna tytstny ayi p.a 
-n'SiXDMK oyay &: aaMDMR \"P iRa drh 
iyp mtk kmi .njR^Dn d^ niartfo k pR jm 
,niti>B3 fRM^ia 40 irj Etfny* ya^yn ,ikbm' 
"5>yn .ynyais'K ny^Dn iyn &<» fytsaya ^? 
ni^aj {.rm^e ioo r d>d tsyoa itfnyx ya 
y^R ^Mnana raaR-iuya jyo fyn nyaR ?inyo 
raRa fyp IRSR' tr .jys eny? -jyiayta^oiR 
t3an ,aayt3cny .?ieoRP rtr jyto^RnenR t3ia 
,iyoipiRa |y?yn jytsaR^ rh ikii ,Ry*iRp 
nytj"Dn iyn pa Diytaayv rh pa t3nri inyr 
osMmyn'R t'k ,DjytD'Mis ; :m*iyp5>ysy3 
"m ; n^a^ iyi ^ih pn« jyoipivw iyiw 
-yj d^j tnRajyr^R y^n^a^o rh t>r ,Djyta 
is 'is |yyaiR yo'na jy-irpaiyanR niv uy:^ 
.Djytsny'D ; jy^Knyt3K»"Daynp ya^oMa y^K 
yyoiR yt^on kh t>a j:r? tycnya Dy Dyn 
-ara ; aanypiytanys |yanp tsyn Ryn^p px 
iypTRi3c t3'a yosf'a y^on rh t»k .oayo 
jyayjRt .pyoKii yw pR "ytyaxaR 1 rh irb 
tynnmyvaKP ^y^"' ~inyr jrbr' |yp lyaR 
5y:v y)x\)XKy-\it,p vx dbrip yvaRa i.tr 
Dytsyivrma iyn -jyaanypiyts^nya typ^ix 
jytoiRa ynynjR pR >prdr3K3 pa \yi .jyaiRi 
jy»ipw 3Rt3 i«« t'R RM jyp ry33iuaya fix 



ir;xt PR ynyao^R yviyyi ya^yn r*- 
■mro v« \ywiyn ^r? ay ~iyii ,nyi \y:yv 
rlRBR 1 pa t3~in'ay33R ,yDRi y?ya rh : jyMK 
pa ta^Ktssj'ya nyi pR yaR- yo^n kh nyiR 

•tyDii Rn 
■n iyn pa t: , DyaR nya^tsynyaiR ly-t 
iri'x oa»ntD iy"i:y> y ,n 3 a aawayn iyB"a 
km -lyMR-n-TD pR >Rio:y'i pR iyD"ii r?R 
n pimk anayD3R ta"»a ,dp3^ pR aoayi t33Ka 
iyt3TRi "^mr yoayo y-\yi:v y.-: DyMayoyna 
T'R tyca lywxy'? iwx .^y-;^a r jypy^vaR 
nyoM-ia myi r ,khibthhd jyiiya 
■MyaM3 iyi tia ^^nta nytanyp^yaya oi; pR 
■ya^nx km p$n lya^a jytn .ynyan^K iy^ 
jyDi3ya pr DyaR^iyiya yin^R pR oaxa 
,o«x nyi pR "iyjnyi' rh vd \ysr-: 
yi jyaxn yoayo y^^toa^RD'aRp y^R jyn 
jyptptynyn iv aiR ,R3M3 cimr ]%r]uyi tR? r 
->Mi r ,_ i lyaya 33i3ynya-ap>Ra ya^&iijti R'~ 
jaaiaynyanyDpRa yD3R3y3{?T rh ,oiyaRa ya 
-3i^y3~iyD3nR ta^ ^Ra d.t«k ra^n R^r -yzR 
•R' pr RpnyDR naK^aay \vi ,]yx:xi vk iya 
-a^'Mi tyaaR^ya pr iyi^ayuR-ia |Ra 
rh .nnino ynyM irb j*rt3R jy^na oaytsD 
■3Mi rh -DDixnya RMi ,vx yw-z-oyp^xv 
■nay^DMR pr "iyaH-iy33 , R iyi pr yoca-'ta 
-Myn yc^aHRD^BRP yiy pa p^hr» nyty 
^R3 mtr vt ay |yo £33r^ ay- ayH*v .aan 
taynta ayn ayniv ,iy3R , ayv:Rp pr ayMR^Rp 
ay^iv pr yaRiitr rh a^a rh lyuy.x fj/o 
.ni^n?^ jya tsnn^a ayi 
t^r RniK'naRo tia aaiaKaiya rh Tin 
pa yyaynamsa nyi is fyoipyaiv laR^on 
3mk y:iyL"r r jyaiRiiya ^mr urh pr RyiRp 
Bsn Ri iR3 .5>yT3^R35Kn lya^ani |yrn simk 
■y3 ya^yn ,|RSR , *pir fyoMts^yaaR -m rm 
.nL'-H" 1 nn^R b^r RynRP 33R? d^m uyuaR-iO 
■"3 iyn ?imr pna r jya-iRM is aiaya r\x ry 
■oaynp tyoaaya ayn pa ymxv nyiaya^ 
,{nyt3t}>*iya iv dir ,mr» fyu^ii pk lyoxyna 
•yia iyi pa t>r Rynxp pa prya iy- tr 
ynyta^n rh trb n^a O'a o^pa^tsaMi ~yar 
■'DynyaRiaHRSiynaiRii ayn pa aai^pMitsay 
-irb ^RB3"K piytaRT ,p^>Ra nyTyaRaR 1 ;yr, 
.ynyao^R lyTyaRSR^ iyi tia T'ayaa'apy h 
■ya t'r Ry-iRp drii -paiyi jynyTyaaR 
■br t"R pa tyrM ya^yn ,iyp^ya pa exyt 



(76) 



•ias:ipis an 



24 



'ww^i nytaoya nytatny nyn »ra ,jRn .jynyn 
p« nunc yn.TR lyp^^ns sn iyp ,D"n 

pR pit tt'J pHJ> tayil JRBR 1 pK ,Mli$P 

\yp tavy> naynnyn .jyjsnvDnnR "t naKta^ 
-nRB ya^nn h taa^ nny? lyaxanya jrbr 1 
-nya w nytami tyvBHRD mm Rynsp pa jyta 
rh yn^yn pa ,iyj8»xnsB ytaDya rh jyD.nya 
nsa taa^^a nm* jy^yii jytaRnpRD yt^Din 
.jya^ntanya jyjyp to-j 
-yaw nriRn t;« aan^ayn yB»Dn rh 
hrb yt5"anyay rh inn taaxTi nyn w bikbp 
jyayaasa to^y Tin ru .jrbr> pa jyaanyn 
-pi nyn DaytaD:pj"vi ,Ryn*p jytRpnyn'R PR 
lya^ya n,n nyns ,ir&r* w ,$»na lyan 
■ya toyn bbj\pw yBayriRa rh .non^o r *pir 
-d^r Byyi aamy^ayn yB»Dn rh dj^ii ,typni 
,jyayaaRa Daytanayn tavy 1 jyp ikbr 1 .|yn«5p 
-Rna yB»Dn r lynyyi 5r? RHitjnnaRs tR 
-"52 no pr Rn Dyii Ryn^p iyayn — rni 
5st naRpon D«n ,aaR?nya nrrR "3 aaya jya 
.yBR^ r pnx fypyownK B*a 
lyHDRSCPD sh jya"t *ibskp rytn pR 
ta>n nyn tins nyp^ya yBTt^nw y^R pa 
yspyn -p^rb jyrnya pR fyjpnBio ayn pa 
rh tyoijyny3'« p*s ps pyaty ntx brh 
tr .B$rpB jyo .jrwrp^ivv ytj»RyBRTiR 
oy tr pynaRt ,taayn irbr* BRn n$a t5^3 
,Bpyu yvaRa rh nRB \ywji bu nnyt b5rm 
t:»ii nyns pyii jyasp^ya 5rt naR^Din ]V)i 
.yaxpnyTa yB»BRBRPBH x jyanp aayBD 
■ix nenfo jyaya pn ta^a ?st nya"R ?>b R'li 
pa ftum* yB^nynntp ytn jyaya ,Bannny3 
jynynaiv ny toyn nsn ,jyB"X yt?HR3nR3 
r iyax3 Byii aany^ayn y^'Dn kh jyii ,pn 
"3ijt is iv fyin^a iyn» Byii d^t jyn ,n^ao 
s it {is "3«n'iD - jynKV nyn pa ^^nul" 
■aynp yny^^i^iiyi nh pa jjipiNBtnya 
nsv pa nunc ynr^a kh ny3^x jyn « .y& 
")D ,, ddj^p p» o^rrnB ikb3»h t3yo"ny3 
-yjjiN k^ii .ynyao^K nyv'Dn iyi p« i^^v 
■^:yi3 ysasa n nsa fs d^i j^oasii nyn 
.nynyny Dnyt^^nya ,o«n 
tya^n t^j ixas^ jyp ty:yiit3Dyi pB n$j 
nya^yn nayan^K pa yv^t^ ny^vepK nyn n*m 
"•bsp nn 5"ii -njx^ajy pa D^a i^bs ,n3x^ 
■a>« y3^y?s ta^a jyn^n jyaarpayn y^DD^ND 
■yiDD^iN jy^r «t tx ,hv^? ps* fysynyo 



nn»« wn .xvii$p pa lyon^a ys^nn kh iv 
iv pn naxia^ p» sn tayn yo^^a nya^Byo 
-nytDBnya is px lyDi^aoasiD kh \ywy2 
.nt^a 1 nyn pi^k yyons nrrx pyp 
-^ym nyryaxaN 1 «h jy^yii ,nyn nyonx 
y^nytD'^o yonna ny^t lyt^iya jynsn ya 
tt'D jyBBiDyp/Sao^onon^DnynpK taoaip 
ytiiu o$~i iyn ,aanyBD"jyi y^^tasntaKa' 
pn jyay^i in ta^ynasn Dy tn ,o5n^B p^sa 
dst rx nax^Dn ps nayinyii ,yaytaonpy 
-nya^K Dnyta^nya px a^^aa^^a n«a p^sa 
tyas^nn jnya fin»n }yio d^ii iv ^a taann 
lytaxn^D y^^on kh ."lyTyaNa^ 1 «n wd 
-Hyta^'o nmi dbk^ p« jnya on«n ly^yii 
jy?y^ nyryaxax 1 kh naynnyii ,tyj^KD yty 
pn B'a tinsn iyo .jytasnoKB Kni jyaaoyp 

■am pr yoma nnyt k iy^pa^ w'pwsvs v& 
"^sd y^iytaD^aya tx ,jytaaN^ pr y^Ri ya^ta 
,yyonR ynyDyna ^y^a r lyaynyn tyayp jytaxn 
tpr pB Snyaya nyn si^r iv taaaoyp ya^y,i 

.jynnaRDRP yn 
tr naR^Dn pr p^rb drt jpj^ii Rni 
,jrbx^ ta^o non^o r i>r tan^Dynyiaa'RnRa 
■yn ytj"Dn rh D^n ,nyn jib jya^^ jyo jyp 
jyvyn tyaaita^v ynn^x iya^nya ta^n aain\i 
rmi) jytaonp-itaaR d^r nyryaxaR^ rh ^w 
,iyDD\nnia nyryaRBR'' rh \y:"i ,taDixnya 
^yatj' iya"ta£> iv ta^a n«a »t tanyta^ oy drii 
typynt^ pr (Dynasns pa nyta"? nyn tjnx 
nya^R ."nnRBya ny^ya,, nyn ta^D n5iy nvi 
tb p« naRn^taaynRV pa nyv^ta^ ytn pa 
-a^vyn ynyn pw lya^npnxa jya'n D^anytaa 
nyiyaKBRi rh w^^ »t o^n ,b"n ntx fya 

"nnro jyta^m pa cyn^t,, 

■nyn n^na tyviaya ta^a n.n >rt jrbr' jyu 
•"nyanRB 3iay3 ta^a t^R nax^on drii ,b*o 
taRH pr m?n fytD^ii pR nnn^o r w tayta 
■n'H nRB tyanRaayt"R ya^tana rh ta^a n^a 
yny> .fyn^nya nyan R't tayn ,iyyonx yn 
inn RynRp nya^R ta^Htat^ ayn pa aain^vnya 
nRB nnv^a »uk t'R i»9rm y^OKo^BH 
nax^ain -irbr' nRB iHiytj' Rm ,naR^on 
nnyo in tayii Rn fa' fytanRU iv ta^v taR.n 
■y^ onynaRtya ,RHi^naRo pR lya^DDyaya 
-y: rh V2 pR ,RynRp pa ryayna nyn jya 
tanayao^R jy^yii iyariR:iayt"R ytaax^a 



25 



•m?D p^B^n px 



(77; 



5nb pa jksk 1 tye^yn nr> i:*tf:uy tk ,&d>B3> 
k^ -inyo pa \yiyv dtpkdk oyn ynxy^> «n 
,fpnpjm& B'j pa "uk^u* d'j (.&3kd p*k 
lyD^^y; pnw mk$ o'j yuria jya$n ya^yn 
-in |yo3'?p iv m« ^soaif tya^tjina .s 
jy^yn ,&3nyrDny^ k th lyt^naty y~iy 
jynp k t* ijwvix iyajxajs cj ^»?tokj 
.njx^Dn nyn$ imip ay^ix 

esn w .-uitfB'B'H iv BHitfyajK d^ii 
nya a$n *? d^ii ,ikdb>-$*op px BDya k't 
iij oiKii px ,(ytDn«p ynyt) sjo «a tt2K3 
tins "iye"i , j lyanpnya is B«rwwy$ya k *pix 
5»st "usSdvi lyii .juib-ikb' 5yrr« a5«n ayn 
jwbp yt^DKD^sn lyaynssnya i^j vpk 
,iyi$5nyn £»bk k»t oyn ,«njfBto ~>ym p« 
•tnyjiytDJis ^r ik&k* tn 

lyn^n ,stfa <iy^yn jxsx' pa ■ufctfon 
3»m,mTB jyB^yi pa nnnfo unmB is p»5k 
,U?synD b^ Byyi Dya'5:nyny:mK D$yiBy 
"H p« Bpjnn typwn* ey nya^p yi Byn 

.sisbkp lyrBam BDsyn tyr 

WB^B 



■jj^yj Bsn ya^m njs^jjy .pnyB^'B iyo 
^d k B$n ya^ni pa ikbw b^b -uia k jyo 
^si toyn ."usfon b'b jyjj^yayn ynyii&y 
-?yn sn ayu D^yooayn .wyB"M pa \nvotr 
iyi p« ^18 sip px .ftpyjKj'fi fKBX 1 jya 
dxi ."uk^dvi *ixa m\B tasjin k't \yi >bb> 
KpnyBK iyay^ ;y^i "vm lyo T^p ya^yr 
_ D n D b'j ^t P^a nyjKpnyos dxi ?ya smi 
k ^si Byn jyo *isj 4x2*0 b^b typPBKB 
dik ,iy;p^j"ix B'j nyDxn ya5xp px *ij«a»s 
■nyoK kh .njK^on tyjyj jya^yn iv nn»n 
D"ii 'itn iviyn i^j pi? Jjn^yi lyjxp 
ypKDK "lya^aynmyTj nyi p« jya^npnya 
-«cxjsb oy"3 ayi px pa K'aoij$ipp sin« 
tyonyj toax p« v» ^" tio sn tk ,5jrw»iw 
p« y^ayo y^Kya^nnx pa |y:nm'« ryjya 
.«t tD»o ?yD>niv:"N b^j jyan 
xn jyn ,Lnyiyja$ t^x i^npjNia \y:yv 
id'd fywaiya yvinya^p^jjin ^^n r^x 
n^K^on jyv^t^ t:n iya^ oyv. «n .*wK?Dn 
lytanyj^ ^n jyno lan^ay ^yii ooa^r |yi 
"B'^ajy pa Bpjia jyoniyj « d^5 fSBN' nsa 
-ya Dp:ia nyrn) .DNDpxin lytyjNSX' 



<T&. 




WDl^a-BD^IB 



•1j;t«3 nyi ij?n t« ^^nt -.^d ps 
:iyDTi3 ^o^bw Dymaty tyi^n 
oj^nns M^yn pn q^i« ta-'a jy^p« 
•WD'to nj?n:iNn o'lyoj^n d^t nyT» 

.By pit S" 1 ! IQ^«1B^ 7HI2 l"p 1WT S1„ 

■tyaiw y^pan yta/sp «n q^N» 

"•••IV3^-i «? ^t y^;vr p\- T8» 

.t5K?a:yT'n .n 



,p;nyt2tr ;v^a T'^Vi n^D^a d*;t «3 
tynytaty tyo^n p^o tapmyaix 

tJ?3"»1ty J?tD3^fi J?%T>p KH 12f 

— lyny-ita b^d «t iva^ya p« 

jj?3^w Vta^p ys^yt »n qiw 
«t Biraix Ba«j Djniiaw wn ps 

•N?Bypl3 yBDBt$TB^J?T S" 1 ! ^^« 



.ij?Dssm jysjna k p« a^yvi ys^w k 



ny j^nn jyta^ni nyraix pa nynta px vnta 
jynyr is ta^panayo xh taxnya ca ta^sii 
yan'xniD -y^a ?nxs jdmij yny^nyaaix kh 
,jyiDytaD'D"iyaiT y^a nyanyp^yccn yonna 
a^x jynya ta^a ta^xn ny ,tanxn p»k d»d 
-J>yn y"a lytsnxany is px jyoni iv naxtat? 
ya^yn jyt?mx ,n»?i ^lnD jya^n ya^yn ,r.yta 
aya^Hp x nny? taonyanya ^yaipnny nyraix 
ayn o^d .anno nya^p x nxa px px tanx 
dxii ,t^a ^yo nyn tanyr an* jya^anynya 
-an iyay^ta px -jyta^n ayn px in taints dv 
,a>ix jyananynya ayn ta^s px .5yo\n iy5yp 
axn ta^a i^ax ny tanyr -lytaayDintaDa'X ins 
in la^yta^ iik T^a fnxa in Dinta ay axn 
taai5 nyn px my iyn px rx ,nsa ta>a nxa 
x nxa in taa^aya nyDxii px anynaxrya px 

.ta^yn y^a 

jyaniya x in taxn nns s 1675 px taany 
nya x Tin jyayayaa^x piaayiiy? rxa fsaax 
ny»itatJ> nyn px jyaaniixa'nx Ts^a-nyoyna 
-am y^a nmx pa iya>Hn»*annx px mtaxa 

.nniD pj'B 
,taaxrya pit? fyasn i»e xm fpiaayitf 
■taayp yantaaxtyayani p'p taxnya ta^a taxn 
mpo x jynya nayav pn px rx px ,yo'a 
pa jx^ayaxna xh taxn ny nxa ,ta">^p x px 
x jynxiiya nyaya nx px tyanxiiya ninan 
,tanxtatj> nyaya^x pn pa taanya px noiL" 
lyaxn nxa taay^a ny fyn ,tanxn -taa^yn px 
-anya yanna yam ny taay^e ,ta"S y^i"'? 
iya"?B> spix fyayaax P^axayo is tyta^p 
taay^a pt$>n pnna ta>» .nyry^a-aaainyaynanya 
-aaainyaynanya yam nya*x jytamanx ny 
px jytasxntayn taay^a ny ya^yii ^nn ."lyry^a 
,;yD>ayayt?3 w»vi"5p yayn^nya fyt?nxaiy 
ta^o ?yixiiya t^x ny .lyaaixax^as ^y^ya-^a 
taxn px ta^mx pn px ny^taDa^p x ta^v nyn 
■sip^o ytaia ytaays^vyaonx ya^yrx Dsx^aya 
tapyntaay T^nay taxn ny ya^yn ^h -fya^ 
aainytaD^aya d^ ."mtaxa nyn pa nniD„ xh 




-xid x px D^yii yvaxa _ 
t^x dxi — "nyDxn iya 

I y 2 x r x ■• i pa 
,xnaa x^i mn x?t? 
,tanynya tasxna nynx 
ta'j px jyantat^ya ta'a 
^n lytaaxiD ,jyri5>aya 
nyry^> ya>a."X omya 
x taxn nn^x n^: .nytaiyii vw~ mwy? 
oy axr t»x tx ,03"id nn^x jyn ,myta tyoma 
fyayna Dniya ixn nn^x tayn ,\s .taoany &: 
nn^x taxn tax ?dxh ?ixii -r^ta^ ,mxn ta^o 
px nyoxii Tx^a vxixi x nxa -jya^nta x ta^a 
•iynyr ^pxta t>dx> -tar^nyn xamx 
"iy 'pxta tx ^n dxi tax nn^x tanyr 
jyii <fixn i^x px ^yp^tanx pno d*o fyiy^p 
p^x in nn>x tayn ,|y?y^ain DiT« tayn nn>x 
.nrao ta^a nxn x nnx pa tx tx ,fyj«myniK 
ayn nxa ^nxiux ixt ytaaypnyax tx nx dxi 
nyn ixa ,oy^a x ixa n^ax D k s;n px "iyry^ 
nyn ta^o jyaxntaiya nnyr px nya^yn ,nyty? 
px nann nya^ayta^x nyi pa ?iaoxp tynyona 
WD':]:: iv ta^x ya^nn anyn nyanyi taxn 
■m nyn pa — nynn rv D'pa jytaana xh 

.taax^ayo 
jytais pa taa^yn nyta^nv nyn px taaiy 
taoixmyn nyi iyayn in oxn ta-lyna1n■^nx , 
yaHtaextrayDm yana^ayp,, nyaxnax? xh 
lynya ta^v nyay' is t^x ya^yn ",taaxs?5yrya 
px ,Daxt?ayDm nyn jia Dpaia^yta 1 ^ ~\vi 
nyn is ayn nvi dxii «myn t^x amnipnya 
-yaann taxnnyaxn jyaxntan , x"ta c, yn iy^a. 
■••ataayp yantaaxrayam ,nx t?ayo x fyaxna 
■a^niya x jynya nayan \^t px rx nya^yii ,vo 
.ta ,,c, p x px mt;": nyan 
-ya t?ayra -\y\ ta^xn eiynayn aya^Hp x 
tapipya ta^xn ny iyn ,ta?yn -ivi:ik pa taxn 
,anx Dyananynya r^ d^o ma nn^x inx 
■ayontaDa^x v:^P taxnya o^a ta^xn ny fyn 
an^x tyayay ya^yn ,tyaxpay5yta y:"p .jyta 



27 



•lyosn jysfcpE « r« otyn JJWIM « 



(79) 



tD'o nyayaa ryDKaya pyns nyi a^ra bkh 
jyTK^ya nix Dy bkh px nyDxn ^yo'a x 
pn jynya px oma smi .ayB *isa x |nyBB> 
-oay nrpx Bsn aspDxip'B i«t |yn nyuixn 
-inyr 5>nxs ynynyajix jx b^ki y\* Bpyi 
yrtfyn ,ViV is T?^y ^K?'Q'xna yi"*?? 
-?yn ik:j nyDxiriyay-i px iynyiyj B»n iy 
,nna pB njrun ix is B-iynya tyaxn'D yr 
u$r, nyDKirnyayaa oyi ps tyaxiB ;sny px 
ym-v: p'Bt? naypiB x 'mis jyaiaya "=i*t 
kh xm ,xxsxBX"ia ,^x5'D'xna yaxaj^x 
.Dy |yan ytoiny^y; 
,^t BnyBtnya ,v* tst?n ayi Tin 
y^a k nsa D^yayya tyt^ya f'nxa 
-aynij/5 ps aaipy-iD:y xn -B^yii yBaKpyaaiK 
BaKPayD'H-iiBKa nyi px jynipya tDtjtn pi: 
pa aaipyiDay xn k'u -aaiB'Hya yDma xtx 
pa aatfpniBay ytP'Bxaxpy xh nxa KpnitoK 
.lyp^ya y^KyasT^x xn 
Dxn rjnyBtinya is nam nxa tin ^x oy 
BPipya oy- epix jy^ bxh B"s lyjy is 
kh b'b lynyr .n&yyB-yasa k fins xni 'Pxb 
Pk Baypya c: iya"p Dy bkh jyjpw yaya^x 
nuioKJ *rix ^ikt ya^nynjixu ktk jya'tfa 
dsu .ca^ya p»p jyaiaya B'a vix ^n \y2$n 
~y? lyasnas^ xn i^ax nnyo "irnx bbiki 
-ya vix annax px D^n Baxt^yrya ya^a 
-s^a nyB5yi» nyraix px nainx a'a^ii bkd 
DKnya B'a ix: Bxn BaxB^ytya ytyn ."*ist 
tya^yii Tin ,axpDx , i>B nyayaxp^xa xtx 
jyanK yirpx b*b p»5k ryny? jyayp 5kt k't 
-ayny5 y^yn -lyd^yay^ys ya^'naitPB kh 
Biynya Dy Bsn nTX .fyantrya Bsn p^: 
m /in^ |yoi677 ?iid pa ,B"V nn^ n ByoD 
Biyn^n ,BaN^ytya lytn pa oainnjna iyi 
d^i ,D3Kt^yTy:i lyn lynya ymo Bifn rpu 
DiTk Tt B^n Dy;iyDN?3 px yn»o ?ya ^sj 
^spdsip'b iyBi: «rs iy3j<o iv lynyjy^^s 
yny^ny:3i« in \vrwvi o^n iy \ytfvv inn 
-Kiriyayaa p« ^x^'n^na yaw^p ^n^v 
n i»a dsii rjy^yBB'isa t° uwp "»n»n -iyD 
pw pk ik ikt ps .t33K^y::K Bsn dkt t^y 
lys^B k pk tk ,pao j"? jynya d 1 : inyo 
B^yn yiKnnyriiK ys3«a k t? B3'ay; nyosn 

.^K^'D'Knn pa 
bkh DiiK ^nK , Biyi^in k pk BL'ny 
bkh nya^yn .piKoyjyi pk nyj^o kbbk 



yD'^yi:iKii yj^T jyjyii iya'HB> iy Bjy^a 
nyyfcpjyp nyi is ikuk^ P* tyaji^nsany 
.BBK^yryj nya^BBKB'jyDni 
-p^j k iy^Kayaj"K dh^k pk ^k»3 pns 
-tjnp'o t'B'B iyDDKioya is p;Kiy: iya^ 
■yj iy Bsn isnyn .nyDKirjyjyi y'oi^a 3kpd 
"lyayi ^yD'2 k ^ya'HB yjnyty^j k pk jyou 
■y: piB> t^k ya^yn nyDKii DKa k pa lyoKH 
-jnx Dy L3^n pk ,B"s :yo ya^By lyjKBB* 
"in^K .aspDsnp'B pn nyBJix B3"?yanyB 
tyn ,nyi3iKH Dm; pn ty^yB^nsa ~'i Bjyp 
y^j k Tt iKa |ynynjn ?xo k b'b bsh ny 
yanyay? ^nss yiynyaJiK jk pa B^yn 
KDTij k ihk lyiiyj iyj"t ya^yn ^K^D^na 
nyBD3H nyn nyp'K ^u'j^p 5»kb nynjypia 
"iya pa tyny; iy: 1 ': •^K?'D ,, Kr!a kh .anair 
BKnya jyasn »t pa po p'K .w^d ywv 
•:ny iv2~\vn y3"r»B ya^yiK Dyay Bjyisa pa 
tyaKn ya^yn ,iynyiK y^mya nsa k is •?$ 
pa px nynK p.K pnx Baynya an^yBB' Tt 
-y^a ^xyn^n yiyiJK .py jy;:K^ k — fyBi^n 
•^K3 -dmk dt 1 "!! oy 'ii ^yay? anjyBK' IV' 
pyD'iK nyn ]-\yi2V jyjy^a pk yiso nyi 
jynya pk "t pa pa -lynm k .jynyTD'ix 
t3:ypy; dkh d'ip "t Bsn iv dki ,p>^p mK 
-'\s riya'3 ^K3 ly^y^a yrn pk ,jyBasiBya 
■yiiya pk vt lynjmoiK m:yDw' «y?K nyn 

.^i'T ty.i 
•3k;is trna p« iyiK lyoxn y^na pk 
■^K^'D'Kna ya^yTK t' lyasn yy:^' ayjyj 
T'K nyDKii dbi i^Kam nyzK .fyjiayj B'j 
■ya:s i^Ka v: lya^n ^yo isa k iy:KDL"y; 
■ynsnya ,D'miK y^yiy^iya tyt"iiya jyann 
jyinyo tt tyay^a ya^yn ^K^D'Kna v:v~ 
kh ."lyna'iK jk tns px ?nss k jns nsa 
"iy tk -Bj^aya piaayiiyr 1 ok* b^s yBB'iy 
■aynya ya^samp yay B'n ishb is k^ bkh 
■ai.K BnyBcya oy ya^yn pa ,fycKBK ya^ 
-^k iyi Baiy^ya bkh dki K'li .B^yii iy? 
-tfKa n^J -BnpsByn tiKts^a nyB»an: nyo 
tya'n dkt tK ,Bi"snya'K p^K Tt iy Bsn 
-<a ytfy)) ^K$'D»itna wnyay? -y'noK 'Pkb 
lya^iB k pk tyay^ fyanayB^BDa5yt k jy-i 

.-iyDKii 
TT Bsn ,DnK -in^ , » a^Kn k pk nyaysB* 
^ B^nyj Dy Byaxn pa jyoni B^K^iy^ an'K 
iy .nyayaa pa n'liya pK oyB -lynyB'a ktk 



(80) 



tas:ipix «h 



28 



lyiayDmaia Din lis |yns kh pk d-ij/ii 
k y^ntrnmsa w»» iin p« jycayo 
•ic lya^pyic n w »5a ny'Dica 
-isa t^a jyss bv^k pk "tD^yii y^J« ytn 
k 5"ii ,ytayi^aya p« ytony^yj kh ixb 
ikd jyoipya bipk pic jyo iyp b$pd$ip'd 
-sn »x»k jyp taia pa nyny .nitfip so— 20 
jyaamiva'nK iya^aaiya tyanna ayn jya 
nyu .nasa nyn ps nnio kh pk w^b 
in jyviaya iv b^pa^aya rh i$a B$n ay 
jynyr Ba"^ raxa tvp -s^pd^ip^ nyn d»d 
■*iyi Banya ny -B^yn yannyiaiNii y^j kh 
y:n 2 fycmv lyDKii tysjfiB tyoma k iv 
^r nyDNii jyaanB nyi na) t$5a ix^bc 
-anx Dy Bay^ p« (jyaypnaonK i*a B^a in 
Bnyr iy 1x11 ,b$pdjpp'b pn nytajix nyo 

.DIS^SJI D>D3 B1CB 

ya^nynaiKii yrn i"K tya""icya iv 

-ytnya y-irrK b^o D^yii yt^KDyiytarx 
lyD^ayaycya px jyaaivafctfaa y^a yBDayi 
kh pa yj"K px ^yp^Bix |yvnp x px 
bbxib vx P« 'P^ tra lyayp d$ii tyax? 
B^a in ?p* ]VP I'si nxa -B^a ayn fyayn i$.i 
-ya x cbxh nyry^ ayn jyaya iv jyaxrax 
d,tx fyB^nax nxa ,Bax?ya iya>Ban ,*pia 
-^niD x px any? swyo nyn dxh ,ayn jyayii 

.nyDxn jya 
pn yni.B ixa tx ^11 nynnax i$a 
jyayii jyanx pic axn tx xm ,iv^ ayn 
nyaxii jyaxiB nyny 1 b»j tx -Baxonyn ayn 
jxixb px ay .jyaaicnxa-iy yiyraix ixb w 
ya^yrx jyan Bannix fy^yii to ikii nyoxn 
nyn^ ts nyona n .lyD^yaycya yanyay^ 
dj^ti pnsiDtj' ton ^n |ya^n nyjKnyDyayii v< 
■^n ^n d^t ,^m-i \"t jy:yo tis typync iv 
B'» a^vjna ny>n fyiiya nmy d>j ^^j jya 
r^a n fypjviDyaDnK jyn^n «.t d^h ,ayn 

.nyD«ii ycna 
"tyjina ycna px -iy*r* nyoKir^Nivp pK 
"'D^sna yanyay^ vp w: yi jy^aya nyDKii 
Dy iyii ,p« lyoT^wnjj ynyay^ \"p ^k? 
"^mx »t lyj"? -yD^yrx x^ pic ^n lyrayj 
iyp B^yii ytj'n^nD nyrais s*ni .^r>n nnyr 
^ik lytio nr« jjnnw |n^ jyoiponK w: 
oyaKii pa jya^n ^x^'D^xnn w»»a«5p un 
"T n^j ,D'D3 pa b^ iyny5 ^n -tyasr iv 
•:«?aa y^^p c , a^pD^np ,, o o^o in ;yr^sc 



-•oyaycya ya»w»5p ym tD'n toj^aycya ^n 
-yiy^nya 380 fyn>-icya ,b^v "in** 1 12 k jyD 
■q^tD pk tyay^ ya^yn ^N^n^na n^ro yi 
jyi3i9 pk .jy^njya^p pa lyD^n d s p« p« 
nyci^D-ntoKj kh ^n jyaj^n isnynjimnK' 
ytsoijip^anya yiy"i n^o pixbc lyouyi 
-ny p» 3jiaiTiyt3Ji« nyn is jyB3yoniDD3»» 
B"a"iN ny»T -to^yii ly 1 ^ lytn pa joitr^a 
-^n »»t .tyn^^nya dd'tbtk iy:jKjyj cj Pit 
d^'io y n J "idk inyT DpyiDjy <p«d jya 
pia pynjnya n i*w iviyn p« myn^Kna 
,(33iv:K^as) xn^^a yj«5p VB^B^pDijnp^ 
cayo nyn in o^in nyta^ii p« nytD^n d^ii 
iv ayii « lyaij^yjann nnyo p« nnyo r^» 
-ya yoDjy^p kh 1x11 ,"oJyii iynj„ iyrn 
pa nnyo lyn^nya wj in tyjyp ryD^yayc 
oajm cjyo nyi ikii ,a^iK Djycjyo ayn 
■»^nya ny"T p« p^a lyanxc pn d^b pn» 
Ba^ncya p« Bcn^any cjyo nyi -tyay^ jyo 
lytD^n d$h myii BascjyDni kh p« ,"t 
.nya^n px nya>n r^ 
nynNanyms ny^J nyi iv ^yD^c nyn p» 
"lyDyijnya n sm nnyn ID*: i^n px D^yn 

iya'i« yiyraix px pic oy ps dv>n ,^ 
-iv nn^i Biynain n b*d nya^ .ikbj^n rasa 
k sni 1st yaKBj"« xts* inn tyo n^n pn 
nynax raw s jya^n tsaypya b^pd^p^ 
.nb^-i"« lyaTP^ivv nyn p« i^bn pdb 
k nya^« lyan^^cya t^« ny s sa px ,3c»^ 
1'l^a D^n ny .5ytonyt3c ya"?p n p« n^p^i 
k tyt^nya^ iDc-ncyo BBixnya dt»iid 
-5anya on>K B^n n^iy nyi p« ,b^pd^p^ 
-■•iiv in anaypn^s .*icas « iks nsBnyn jy» 
-^^yaiya^x D^n iy ya^yn ,|yBXT ya*n |yc 
->nD s tsn^i jyaiaya pyia kh tyaijin ,tyt 
y-na pa npytocnyB ryuya pn ya^yn -^ya 
ty^yracn^B in Bayp nrpx .T^a ts^o |yt3^n 
«t fyii -BBsayaa^ B^n «t pyic s isb d^h 
wo tanijn ,5ya""i& ps anayinta pip « .tya^n 
yan'naico yvnsnc k jynynyn 5$o x 
in »t |ya^n n& s Dmya t'» d^t .nana 
in B$n "t jycniv d^h Dia i^a .Daxitoya 
-ya v$n nya^yn ,jkb nya^D^m x jyaiaya 
typKB px ^ya^nts dxt ryaynaiv iv Baxii 
tosn nc k DStocax Inyn nx "isa .nc ay-r 
,tanyr ~nn< xm ."5a s dicb DBx^nyi "iy 



•29 



•lyoNi* jyss-iD « p« taty-,! y •»:«; k 



(31) 



-?yii .(*) yiyiiuy^ip t» P* i 11 * " T I yJ, ' T 
.iyomi px T? oray: ya 
,iyaxn tyumitififi ytjuBSpamipiD vvi 
-jpx? oyjy^x iy"i ,ijrumi£BB y?x mil 
-jy^ip mi in px anayjmtJ"* :amxaxi 
-jy^ip oyi in** pa ax "t lyoPxat? ,jnmt 
-mi did Tt px ijHwmya »t tya^yn ,*isdb> 
jyD"an« px lyaarcaiyB ysyoya is iya 
lya^x tonyj lyaPyu ,?yD3»ip paiyi dpx 
-axiP iytn ^t lyumya nyb'ni .lypix px 
cd lytyinyomi mi px lypiu px pyD 
VT ly^ayj yapyn nyaiyp yiyiax ^sj 
pn) xijsdx CD <?^d? ,iyoxn px ix~:i 
lyaPyn ,tx iyiy> D"ii *pnya lyiayayDt? 
jyo lmi Aiw px usa or jyiiya is: px 
-Jin jynyca ayi "inya P*t b'd D3"ioiya 
ttayoy^y ayi Tt px a»n iya?yn ,(iya 
oxi ^n oyi^a oyi pa as px .sixaa , -p , DB> 
: tyDPJxais yanyay? xn ixa 5>miyt3KD»ia 
kh KMi -tyDixPasasis ,iyaiyp-Biiii"X 
.ay iyan yainy^ya 
tyasia nynix px pn« jypip to jyii 
lyi pa a:ia3"Py3 iyi "3 Tb jynyt .iyomi 
px mil T'PJ 'lyatyPa yj^^p ^d x inyr p* 
x ajyay iyo |yn iyis nyomi oyiaya*? 
-ay£iip mi ayaxn pa ,iyomi-iyx5yo fxaia 
jyjin dsi ax nrrx anyr .aanPajy yiy 1 !* 



aiimmyB pa" ays n vx jnynnjr?np(*) 
-cn twyo "iyi .siKWiym pit sj$BtM]^np pa 
-yj lyatyn ^NDBnynt iyi anayaiy p»n aayn 
iKBiyn dmk taaynuN tin asi? nyi px in bjib 
kh ton ,tf3ya lyayDpttmy i« .yiynwy^np 
D'ik naynaK ,aay::yiy:iDnit lynijn pwinyfyw 
oyD3 .n .i ,jnjrnt3y^np dnij) 900 iiy i« T^aya 
.(ly^np dim) siKtaciy^np K7^p ^yaiya « 
tspais ijnna njrnK lyaaisa^BB y:na kh 
7j;Dn-u n "inyr aaayii dnt dku ,niE'n d^t 
njn nynaiK m Tj?u^«E{y"iys ^ayatt'ij? .]ysi3 
^lynwy^np yD^nytr «h in lyn ps aaipim 
"lynT dj;t .eiNctt'iynT tin enjowy^np ]<k pnis 
i>h dkt DKn ,t2Si^ njn pnis sn "T iya»'a Bj^aa* 
,D3jK2ims AV^V*? D';y^3ya Dyi "ins *i»^su n»« 
«n lyanyi ^Ntoeo^np Dyaya^Bvyje^ oyi 
a'ana inyr t>n dhii ,^n p« «|n« ly.iiii'Jx'rB-: 
"uajr yiya'm nyiynT inb ^ya'0*D«nriN3 « d^« 

.jwi^pm 



•yp jypxt »i H3 ,jyj:isjm)aB ytn .jyjjis 
d 1 : lyjyp ,^n fyppmajy p« jyDpmi ;y: 
mn jit iyi pa jjiptii ijn ins iyoiPD'i« 
??D3 jyoipD'iK o 1 : ;y;yp nn»n ;ns 
T 1 ^ lyanmr -tsij |«p ps Dtfa p»p 
■jwna yay'D px 'vayp pip ijtoij 
oy ixii px ix cj ddip pr mi lmi ,iyDm,i 
yiypTjypnp ya^iycp mi ^: i,n ojiayj 
■ma px iyomi D^i iyn is: .(jyt3Ji« nyr) 
taiyii ixi ,t3aij"uiKiya p,x 2w\p uiyv, jy: 
jyjj^jxPaa yjyiyi^iya ixa wiy*? k t<x 
lyano yoma px myi iyn .^K^'D'una px 
,iyDm.i (y»"Ty33in) ytJino^a px ps 
-i^-iyomi mi i.nn mw iv iyD>Pa yaPyii 
inyr lyis ^cj ixa oyoa «t iy:^T ,iy«io 

.DDy; yjyoPyr 
tyn dxi ,Dpiy»y3 Dmya 'oxn iyry? lyi 
jyo px iyomi ya^jnynya ts^ x oonyj iyo 
,pt lyi pa iy^nmiiDK> mi |yjy; cy d^k.i 
inyr riK lya^jnyiiya x wn jynyr jyo \y? 
■oyiya y^n ^m>yi3jiB wma ymmit? i.d x 
,s l«?pyi3 ix: i.^:nynyj jw«» dsi ix: -i.xP 

iiid lyayit: 1.^^0^113 yrn pa i,d k 
,^k53«d pa iycmi yruynyDL" px lyas 
iycuix px jyay^ x"i -lysDit ,Dyp?yr«B' 
■ypiima ,Dypy:B>-iyDKii -jyoayip vy-s:" 1 ??) 
yB^asPD^iP^o yiyrjis «'ii .* .i px ^m) 
,pT yrtD3^ mi ixj ly^n^aiyi lyjnijnuvM 
p« firnuno jyoKtix t»t »t |ya"^P n^x3 
-mi yDDiy3n« mi .iyomi panx ^?in nyi 
iyry^ nyi x^i ,dpx ixi tony? yayPa iya 
nsP3 si ,t3pny»y3 pxd 5ya cpiy; b$.i 
ay mil dpjis ,pia lyix piia ,Py: x^ -am 
-iya cd D3i«ay3 t"inyDiy jyiiya D5m.i 

•lyaisa yjyiynj' 
pN iyDxii lysxia xts \vvny: i^dsP 
-yr ,Diyiyj nip -aixi V* ainn ami tynyr 
aysjw x Dit5>B lyanK yiyiiis ixa i>d iyi 
cd iPxii x ,iyryi3 yjyiy^iya d'd iPya 
•JsPsiya n'KUD lyjut yrfyv ,jya"iis 
-any: x inyr rc jya^iix j'd»d lyj^x aiya 
-jx^aa px lyo'ia yayi^iya ,m -vv: iya 
lyrn iPxii ty^BspaijipiD ayi pa tya:ix 
rB ij |yji>t in p»5p mil px .pu vftnmiya 
•jnynyj yiyr:ix xm ^»»5a »t iyapx',1 ixi 
.DJ"^ pt xn jyii ;iyi^ya px lyi^yn yan 



(82) 



BSJIplX NH 



30 



yjnyny^ kh sp.w pHa k tyanKii i«a nyas 
.i?nii lytaiK pa -yjn^vu^.s 
-mi lyaana nytaiK pa lyany ypya p« 
jytyii yanyay:? yayvtnya in jya^aya "iya 
nnK son ,aanya n?K pk 5ya ntK unyn pk 
.nainn yaHa"n k *pik iyns in 1 jyoma k 
na r"! pa "isa k tysfcODTia nsa ?yn tk 
bkii ^ynaya 5ypy"ia k iyn$n ?kt lyry^ nyn 
jyraya ay ly^rm a^ma yayiyanya ikb 

.BIK"! TT 
r^Dtf PK niXJ D*D Bamt? ,^a5 ,BK 

1kub> k kmi D'lx any* ya5>yn ,y5'rrn k 

aaKaya hkb Kn bkh TKBiy-i pK (nyay^) 
a^a iyam y^K pK in apn km .jyasa ktk 
k a^a Km t^kh jyaaK^ jyaKTana ippk 

ya^mHP KH Oiyil ^KD K B'D .B>»"3 

a^a layn kh aaKa pk 3\TnaiK ayay y^'rrn 

: BBnaiK BM 'pKB PK .BD»tftMlf PK D'3 KH 

wit}' ippk rfina ytfrn k in aa^ "ippk isa 
-ya BBnaiK a>a asn kjw ny?H .nya^Ki 
td Km /lyntrnynyn ,.n .1 ,|yEK3 pn jyo'P 
k pk raw nyn .jynyT "tfrai oy jy^yu 
jya^a pk ,py Dyaya^sae'yj k ova nm yaaK5 
Dyay km Ban nyanyp tya-Bana-in i.tk pa 
,pk Kn Km ptk pK .5na tyaHpyw pa u 
~ik ,p-iyayia yo'n: k ,Biyiya tjik tytyns 
T»T Dy aayay Kn -^ib |'d»d aHayatr km B"a 
"lis a>a -iv nynm in ay aaKa si pk 
tpk *tik km anytf fyana yamny"a 
IKiKa ryam bkp lytsm yma pa .pip 
-nyi ^iw iv i^any fyaraiK fmsa 2 ayay 
,ptPK» k Km anayDB' in jynym ya^yn ,in5> 
:am irrK nKa tsia r:w iiT« iwh ya^m 
^n ly^ay: ya^yii ,|y^ivjK^aa jik ^K^'nvn 
pK jy:nvy:iv iynyii ,-in'K pa ami a^ 
a^a ^na yti'nyami yrn pk jy^i^yjj^iK 
.aaKip iy:H'Kiia k 
ya^ytK ^ik jK^Ka B"iKn iyj>n ay 
ktk DniK in pa lyrK^ ya^yii ^yy^r] 
-Ka iv ^KnyaKa a^K m on bkti ^amy^» 
ly^ya^a^ ytn .y^ya^a^ y^aa^ k -n jya 
-miv ay:n k iv iyi]iay5iv fyajix pa |yrn 
nyaaiyanK iyi iia .jyaK fyanK pa pk ft/a 
-yp in^K aniK y5'n»n yrn apya^ y^yay? 
,apyat^nyn Kn Km .mvn in jyair iv y^ya 
aaip kjic k tk .aK^a a^ ayay t^k ^y tk 
^yayp nn^K pmx pnK i^Ka Kn apn ,\\$ 



"Kii kh ya^yn ,iyary>a nsajj'HynT ynyniK 
:sa«^ nym pa aniK jy?^ ly^i^K^aanyo 
■iy?np nyn iia ay anjya^Ka^aK ,Dini)io«n 
-TKa k pk 5-iKatrnym Km ntK p.K .y^y.x 
in jy^^aiya ix ay aan'paay ,in anya^iya 

.aai^ lyi tj'o 
-'aspDsnp'a lyrr.K pa ly^aynya ia k 
"jik iKa in \-\y-12y pK in ;ya^a i5«n \vv 
nyaya d« riKJ |yp jya dkti -|yanK ynyr 

•iyp 
Dvjsaipy pa ayi ix jypipw in i^a^^ 
■IK^miv yam- pa ya^K iv (Oedogonium) 
a^K ,vd jynyr ,iK?am".v ,i«?a:ya^ ys-x 
yayn^n yana ,yan pa rya ayayaa^^aya ;< 
raiK Km ,m pa iyv^v* iyiy -.iK^anya 
ya^yn ,\y^y^ pa anya^ya -aaKpa ^aa pk 
niaty k Km jyamiv I'anK nya^K |yan 
■y^ nyry^-^KaaHp Km anK jynyi ^iya 
-\yiy pa jya^a pK .aaKT ayana a>a a^a 
m pk .5>yiaiyp-}y^yv k in aa^aya yfty* 
,\ynyi td |yn nynaixn nyraiK vx ama 
Km rniaan yama i^a ayay jyaip ansn d$t 
IHKa aaK^ a^a hd .a'-aynnypiya^K jk iKa 
ly^pmaay m pa e^n -tyaKT tk 5»yii vi ^ 
lyaynya ya^yn -tya^yaip y:>^2 yw:"5v in 
-yay5 Km .iynx \\x phk dhk tyvaKa ,in 
-aiK pa lyaaivaK^aa y?K ayaa -iK^rpn yan 
in pK jya»n "i^kii lyB^sjjpDijnp^iD "iyr 
ytj^sijipDijnp^o ya^ytK jyi^na ix yaa kh 
pHK in lyayiiya m .fyarnKaiK yanyay^ 
k HKa m jya asn aay-i a^a pk 'Ha raK.i 
.Dyp'anarya -aiynya aa^ia ,]y^ym ryaK; 

ya-^K va jynyr nyaKii tyaKtta pk kt 
ay Km .jyaaiami'iy yaaaHiytaiKii kh pa 
,aaia"a kh jyaiayaa^ ryay^K ma ^aa t»k 
-aivaK^aa jytj'mv nmanyaaiK iyn anyatj'yi 
kh bkii -ayn pk tyryn yanyay^ pk ]ys 
,iKa ."IB raKa phk in jyayiiya yiyav^' 
-Ka iv b^kb raKa t^k ,anyt -lyiy'? nyn Kni 
-jjpDijnp'D nytaiK pk vsnyaaiK ktk tya 
tyaaivaK^aa yanayiiynaiK pa .a^yii -iy^>a 
lyaynya ya^yn ,nyaiyp ya^yTK lynyati'aay 
.jytyn yanyay^ Km vik in 

-yatJ'aK o^ nyaay^ in to \y:y^> ny^n 
a« in ly^yat^ ya^yn .nynaiKn kh ma \v^ 
5m i'K -lyvaaK^aa kh pa |y55yv yryn ma- 



31 



.-lyDKn jyB8"iE n P« o^yn ys:N: « 



(88) 



in "i lyasn ,B"s-nyaain x ix ooip oy ks 
-«ns in |yasn "T : |yiiyBK*i lyoiaya -#Ka 
np yDK^ pN ,5ya5>"ap x K"n onjmyjjyo 

-x^yaonK in "T |ya«n isnyn px -jya^ya 
"iya5>yii ,5>idskp x px ,aaioDys po x px jya 
m dsii ,b"PB3"b kh ^m in oyi^a 
-no dkii px nyanyp ny«i pa omx t^ts?3 
tnxn .ray^>KB> iy»"»nn x n'tj "i onx taayp 
.sis^ iyB"a-ixoy5 x px y^'nm xtx taa^ 
jyp naxoB'is iym px .ytrnio x sm Bpaia 
pn ,^pd nnyt lyaxioiyanx nuno jnx km 
■finns* "myn anayT^iyD ca ,o5yp px 
kh doip oy na paia-Dayay!> irrx jjx^ 

.nyw 

Dy |yii .jtn is in oann nyiB» kh 
-yaa^N *iyraix -wan* 5yoam x iin BB'tf 
-a"K yiyraix saxa-iya ,5yttfyu nyeaypnB 
yana^K y^K kh bco ix5'nm yayas^B>ya 
•OBtf "iyi p« "t O'nsBnKB pk nya-iyp 
«n bpo anoB> yn Km «t iyaynB> oixi 
: dbi^ nyn pa fyo^pa^natx yanau< y^x 
inline .fyjaw3K?DB ya^sa-^p yayiy^anya 
yayanyaax -Dayonp kh pa t^ Pk |y5np 
o^s iyn t^o dkii ,.a ■'" x DynxoB> yo^x 
,^yayo yiyraix *pik anDB> d^k in Dy osy? 
jyaxn anoB> kh pa ya^xo .a .i .k nyayn 
px nyoxn nyrrx }y?KB is p^a nyn nyas 
yayax^yaa^x yiyraix inx m iyB>ms 
ny'nox jk ?x ixi in aann si .ix^'ivn 

."nmon rrnru 

■jya^fiya .{y^iDBxp kh pk ittf'mn xh 
ya^oa^ kh -lyoaix nyoxn pk in an 
.aiji taws m fyay^ ,pt ~iyi pa iy5nm»p 
jyoip ,-iyDxn "qn pk pn« iyn»v "t k^i 
,|jnnn ix IK in tyann "t -in iv lyini «t 
pK ^K^'Dnap ynyDDi^a iy»t pk fyaynya 
-iiyinn r^K iy»""ii djjii pk ,ty^iDSKp k*i 
nyv ^dbkp ny-r pa -lyanyay^ p.K nyan 
pN «id Bnyii y5»'nm kh pk in b^kbl" 
.|yay^ jyamynna -irp* p« pnx DyiB 

in «t iynnyoiyB ,pw iyD"ii to Km 
iny^B'anK jyayp yyrvn p»« pa .^a nnyr 
k in Birr'anya iya^a 'ps p« ,nnn yvaxa 
rtDayayiyaDnK w^n aiyaayny .B^yii yvaKa 
lyaKB'ya y^'nm j«k pa ]vp nyB* 24 pn ?x 
in nrvx Djyp na^n ,js^^d ig y^a jyiyn 



lypo^iKj vpvm k Km opais ,y^ya'DB> p.s 
-isayua ,5»y.iB^i.3 ox ,pn y^'iT-n ktk 

.yiyijN ik: JiK (Stenor) 
PK -^kii nyana -yn-.K ,dikii P'k cc 
yayny^nya inyr [yanniiya lyoKn tyssia 
nytj'n^niD lyraiK -lyryn yanyay^ D'a'o 
pw T'K "iyTy^ iyi pK -Dma iv pk tyoiKa 
.vd d»d jyn^KBB' iv to omya inK ntx 
-yii \y:%] iK"t 1 s k no lyoiyn issk ik: ts: 

•m |ya 
rasa in jyo jyp aspDijnp'o lyraiK o'o 
IK^'nm 8H jyB'mv dki ,jya^inya , K oia 
■nsoyayn k Dnxann "? pa yiyuK lynn'a 
; nyoynanKia y'noK Kni jyay^ jy^^K' 
pa yiyiaK ; jyaaisaK^aa om "ita in jynnya 
■ny: p« jyay^ lyB'nyam k nya^ Iy^^ , a m 
•iK^'D^Kna yanyay? o'o in ,yi 
tk .jy^nysnyn i^k tk no "iyomi 
onynaK^ya 0^ inK tyaK^ ayn t^x oisn 
-ya pib> D»n lyry? nyi Km .jyay^ is on 
-yvD yanjt^a bk oikt in jy^'SB' -opiyo 
tnrra oikt .DynyaKio yiyo^a pk ay: 
kh — iyay^> i'inb ibokp nynyo^ k in 
inK .oyiaxis nyraiK pa DDmp3»no vd'w 
iyn nK nvao pk nyaK^ nyn o^kb diki 

.-iypiKOB> 



* * X- 



k iwv'? oyn jyaxraK ^mnyi no iu< 
dh^k o^o anaynyn ,dki rmiB'a yoay?^ 
■kii jyBKio nyraiK wun) Q t <:v'?"K p« n?x 
ya^ytK jyaiKaiya jya^ oy lya^yn p« ,nya 
nyvaKa k jnys^ya n« ,nniD ya^nynaiKii 
^mnyn o^n lyDsm lya^io nyrr.K .p^aam 
k lyisuyj ainn t^K ay p» oaypntDyaD'ix 

.o5»yn yxawa 
p"iin k 1KB okii ,pip k i»a taaaK^nyi 
•"lynaiKii kh ,oiK"iyaa>^K oj<:n n^xn nyt 
nspyaayoKTiv in ryaKn jy^yv ymw 
PK rs^a mv osyppyaiv in w^n px ByB>B 
inn jyaxn ixyo^Kna 5>nsx yiy^nyaaiK k ,- t 
■ain ya^pyiB' k }yoipya oyaypnoa^x ktx 
■DnK oaypya o^a jyaxn »t dsii ,o"S"nya 
^n k bib^b jyiKiiya r'K >n pa .fyo^xn 

.D^iy 
ayt oKnya \V2$n "T pa yiynaK ,no« 
.om** lyoayi nyn is in iynyoKn is p^a 
px anK Daypna nyaxn dxt »k -anay^n-a 



(84) 



tas:ipix Nn 



32 



."frBna-wanmu nnyo» 
vd iyn$n pmx nn$> nayt^ta »nv d^d 
■»b tyt^ana ayn pa aawia ntk oiynyj pis? 
lya^aya D315 nyi p« d^t ,n$axDpKax *i$t$^ 
jyii -pk "yanyayS Dy^« pa niyn? an,, v* 
Tt ly^ntaay ,nyDKii p« jy^sa niynt ytn 

.jyaaivaitfBS sh "t pa 
^yrinyi puayny? »pkb ta$n » iya$ 

?taatf nyn pa ^i tynnya ^'frn an Dip 
ytn *pik Dip ,nos ayi iya$t tio T« 

W«il Pa DSKB'jyD'll N"H ^a Dip ya*03 

.nyaDjy tyDD*DK>ya ]"p lyay^yj ta>a 
nip "i$a a$n tn vv%n Dip ,an?a tx 
k p« tt dihd cy d$ii ,nyty5 ayi D"iyaa$ 
n$B ty:yp *pt *j»jn ny oyii nyosii lyst^iD 
iv taxnya tp ^psu jyajp to Dip ,\y5uw 
jyaipD k p« D^yii nywiu k„ D'o wnta 

."*iyD«ii 



?yii ,Diwya oy d^ii ,iy5y&en$a nsa 
Ib»x "=I*Stin n Tt tynnyo -^'mri yztfytK 

WV 1 ? "lynix pk 5yp'tD'iK nyi anjyryS 
Dy yaSyu ,ftfiw ya^a n ty?Nay«"K Dniya 
nto «n -ptfayny? Dayiaya tik tt d^h 
y^x ytn ^aa in fytanya tayaaii pa :pk 
-ya pip D$n iyty^ iyi sm ?iyD>ayay^ya 
pN pn» i^'a^m yaaaa ptfxa ,jynyr 
Tt jynrpanya "t 1S11 .taotf nyi pa lyaxn 
pk Piaayuy? -iyay^ fyxaKa x tpi* "tfxa 
pa p^s\, Dip ,Dtfcj> dvi iv fyoipya ^pkd 
DTDDnpy Dy am ,ty~ii<mya ta^a »»t tyrn tt„ 
yanyay? p»p jawaitfBS ]"P w: ^aa„ 
tt pa \yiy\\ jysx^ya ^t ya^yii ,nKna» 
«n pa jynyDK'Djy ^t ya^yii ivi^ \"5*» 
jy^Kaya^nK iyj»r ya^yn ,(myn?) |yo»yp» 
•Day ^«yn»n «n .db^ iyi pa lyonn p»» 
pnxDt^ Diyia^ryn tt lynnyo px jv5w„ 
Tt lya^aya oy i,xii ^yiyDtm px Dia px„ 



i|ya3«jix Tt pit nyn p« j«d ipnn r« c«n 

■]y::«s in ty^oy-is pa tyt^ ta^ p^« ^ti p« 

ytasy 1 ? yn.TK pi? «n pity ra3n«n e«ranyo ps 
,ta«rp"nta nyT«^DD«D ta^ja ]yp^a 'taiy^-itaiya 
•^ys^ta ^ya^ntaiD cyi tynyt tyaya t>t ia^n i.ts 
•tt«m^a pn nss cjbckp p« |y^«a d$i ny tayn «^n 



nytrta^; sn jyn^B'D p« ^yn^nsya p» T^ iyn 

•nytaDy^y: ly^ns ta^D m^p yT:y^T' ta^o 
?nD^2n nyta^Hp-fis* p« ^ya^ta ay'ps ta^s-ta iyn 
•?iyiaDy:p"i«B « taosna cyn «a ta:^ oyii nysisyp ps 



.DK^aaytM-i .n 



.srmv jyaKa 



.(IKDB1K K P s nsynjw* ,KT1K lis jaonyny) 



.an^K *tik BaKBya did^ djtk Ban dsm 
-kib nyn pa bis ay- pk iy3"?aiya 
d*j nyna'P kh B^B 'lis KH TS PK wiyi 
nnyaya tf'BK nyus* ,^Haya:iK umya ^sa 
y^K lynanyaayBKns DDsr'u o^n km -T^ 
-"j vpk jyaiaya £»pyfi k pk DyBKBt? yinut 
-3K "us kh naitfi |'*»mk i^p ayayisaya 
lyT^py: *pt pk b>m ^ "3 ^'naiy ynyi 
ty^yn jyanK kh ikii ?pnwii -Phk ayii pk 
p« lynjiwii yaHpync? b^b ijyaKYo nrrK 
DJy^s km pa Bey^ya v* sn Bsn IV^ikh 
k tjM Bay^a km ikj ,p»p)PTD pb jy^sa 
.iyo"ii jyay^ "in pk tynviDMK Syp»a 
»mix ynrPK b^b Bsyrya vt sm Bsn v^niy 
osn .namn yaytsnya ,yBDia s pk ^k^b 
.-nytMiK lyjjKjyaDMK pk n^P yay-iKaya-"3 
km Ban na-iin kh pk ."iya:in pa Dayn 
*pt anaynnyriy nnip »m yvJKa BaKia-iya 
Bay^a km ya^yii ^BayD yaHBy kh pa 
-bkt Bay^>a km dsii .jyatfa kh tb tyanp 
,am pk tyanpnya p« nytfya kh *imk ty? 
.yayiMyi nrrK pa »m ^"b k 
-aiK kh Bay^>a BDayiHya tyons nri'K 
y-irrK ly-inya-iy is jyayaDMK ma yanp^a 
-ya DiynaKTya w: tyaan «» dki kt ,nyir? 
-Hya k^ Bsn ay -\yv ,ya^a"K kh -lyBH 
>na ynairya ,yanyB> k pa .km \yvy: pk ,jye 
b>b toy^ypD x pk B^ynaKvnya ^m km Ban 
hjm'ib' tD^o pM lynyna kh p« DPBKBnyi 
BiyBKBya mtk *pt Ban km .ddto pK wait 
«h pa B"iaya nn>K a$n -dimid iyn t^a 
""o yv^p "iiv ynn^K rnayts^ya^K .nnv 
.no^iya d'o^j »imk ^y^y'T 
lyiiya t^>s t>s ,KpDna -yoao^y kh 
inyv .K^^snoya ,yB"iw kh ;nn^^ tfrVYN 
lyDya ^yD>a k lynya lya^sii "T jyii -"in^^ 
»t lyB^sn -ly^KiiyaBs pn iiK i^ntoyaa^ 
iyj"t anaya^n .nyna^ yanyt^-n^a jynya 




.jya-i^D^ya t^k nyoiB iy" 
"ins 1 n tDay^ya D^n km 
ixa jyan^o^y: t^k km .30 
nyn pk dst kmi «b»x nsn 
ly-irvK ynjyrMB n^B ^Ka 
"isB^ya pk km ;iya"?3 
,y^Kna ^ya is pa jya 
.no»u pk nya^n pa ,nnv 
BaK nnyr tk ,DMna 'itk |ynya pk'iIbmj kh 
pK TKia b>b jyinyjiy BTiBya ^m km bkh 
.lyBna kh pa ^Ktey^a b^b 
Pk pro >t\d iyi .lya^KB^ya v« km 
WW'py) t^k .y^Bio k Km BjypnoyjDMK 

-iTKIKa B^B ^13 ,M1DB> B^B ^yBya K f)MK 

■iyo 

lynyryaiv fyasn ya^yii ^y^yi^B »mis 
mtk iya«n ,jyaiKB^a t^k nyBiB lyn Km 
■ya tya^M »t r>a saa^pyj jik BiyBK^a ^y^a 
-dkt pa Bvy iyj»i »t -ninia yan« jya^a 
iyBy^a yx jyaMnyaas »no oix lyaaKayaiv ^a 
typmiv ?ik nyaiyp jyonMB nyi jyoip pk 
-is b^b vp^pyi pk ,dh'k is ^^yayp yiyrn 

.jya^K yaypKity 
-ya bkh ,jya-iKBB>ya nnan po t^k km — 
■yaas nynm |ya«n »t p,K ynyB^y kh Ba«r 
■ya jya«n »»t -lyami pk jya^P w ijann 
t^k Dy pK ,a:K5 ,;aK^ Bya^aya pK w«ii 
,jyaHHya »t ^kt Dy nyii nya^p lyiiya b^: 
yanyay^ ya^'a^K kh [yiiya jyam »m iy"r 
-yiK^ya fyay^K pa -jyBDia ayn pk mtraa 

.Bns aya 
k B>E Bsyiya biki ^m bkh »na kh 
,a"ii kh jynya pk km .phis a»D»m ins 1 
k pa yBayHya kh oasrya tyoya nyt>? 
"ixdmk lya^KnyaB^B b«n nya^yn .^ibokb 
.BHaKa jyBDiKiiya ayayas^Bay IK tya^aya 
man D'BHaKa ayi arpK jya^n "lKanyi 
,B«t pK nyoyB lyaaK^ k b^b tynya naaB 



(86) 



tasnpix «h 



34 



"i jjm i^bk »iyjyo~i^PJ«}i "irrK OBnyix bdm 
.pyajin is jyoipyaoMK pk p»?K 

ix kpdmb B$n ^nya w B"yi pk Dy — 

.B^a nyas Dstfyn Dy — Biyiya p^« v* 
dsi Boy^pya irrK bkh BBnn Dan 
km ,\vvxn km i"5k tyo btk^> xm ,r)«n 
*ry~inyn b^j bvk t»jn -lyny; ^^i ■}»? jyp 
nyiK./Dpia k lyaip ypp^n px ayii "Wbkb 
-bmk nnn« rtf^n ^i »i jy^yn ^sn k i$a 

..••lyoy 
jik B^yiipy; nya$ ippk bkh ~iyaain ~iyi 
^nyBDyiiB' "irrK jyBiayaaK Ban km .Bas'ya 
iv lyaaKayaas lynsn «t pk ijxh pikb 
yB3"B ,yDKa 8H iyn\s am ^sa fypMas? 
jib tyTS'nya n?s jyj"T ^Kfr^a yny^t .TKia 
jynya ik p^vwp pa nya$ jyrn "T -B^yp 
iv jy-iKviya t Ba"viy:i lya^t PK tyannya e»j 
-y5 jyaaKaya^mya |yrn »t -B^yp pk T'bm 
.Pk yj"?p ya^y?K aMaynyr .^ddkb k jya 
-ya ,tysTiy:iv »t iy Bsn ,j«5k lyiyp yoMs 
V* «t BTK^ya px i?na b'b bm"q »t iynya 
.ny^BH^ya ayi ik tyByiKnas 
?om ^aa jy»^3 kh b^ib irrK — 
•j^ns ^sa Bjyp ippk — .Bayiaya iy Ban 
t>ayoya jyo bsh nynna .■qKpnjnj'p ,iy^>K3 
■j's k nya^B jyii ,impk pk iwipiya Dy^K 
nyn n»s k jyaMpnya is BaK-nya Bsri 5ya 
nn jyo 5»ii ,BTBoy^ arPK jya Ban ,nya 
BDxa ."vmkb nyn pa D^aiM^ny ik jynKn 
■j«tk B>a ^ik ttf$t -h-pk /^K^nyna'p ,tp_iK 

.fyfoa 
•lyjKBBnya B>a bppk bkh kpdmb 
-tfo Banpnya wk osn yBKB kh — 

•BnyaBjyya km b^h .jyo 
?yB«B iy"K bv^s tyT T'K ixii — 
B^n ^ya'BB' p« iym^B^ya t^k km — 

•BiyaBjyy: spDna 
-d*w ^ibdkb nyi B»n lya^p^aaiK — 

.jyany; 
-i;nya b*3 inyo ^m lynsn ijnp»p km 
■jynsn «r ;ny"a a^n lyoyiNM vt ^m iy: 
ayii pk lyBayip y^na b>b lyr^^y: v. 
*»t ty^sn nnK jinnpc y:pj*'K px .pnK 
nyoayii km .BisB^B^yii km M"inyn 
jyn^n ,-iy^ijyn kh b'id B^Bay^ya anay^M 
1M ryasn -\yiyp nh kmi Bpnyoyn o»a isa 
*inyr jya^r «t .iyMB l" 7 !"'' By'aaa'yaann 



nysiyp |yBiMB ayi jyay^ jyjKD^yas^ «r 
Bsn asB jyo"nx irmk .Baxa « pK a^B k 
iv Djjn B'a \V2xn td ; BjjjTya yiyB^y km 

•jyay 
jya^n ,aiB^ pK lynya pk oy dkm oy^K 
k isa Bsn K^^KiBya .trwymya pif »t 

•tsHBya yaM'D 
dkii B^a bkh iyn jyn ,B3y5» pk Dy — 

•Ba^tya kpdmb bj^h ,jyay « 
MyiMi K^'jKiBya bkh ,Bay>c ,k< — 

.ny iyn h»'.k aMayvM ,b^vi 
bkh -lyn^n |ya«jp inya tib jya — 

.Biny^pny kpdmb 
|yD>Mss Qiypyi B'j -yns bijh km 
bt*p Km nyaiyp jyB^B pa jyaMK ynn^K 
Bsn iyoy ?nmin km pk p^k nn'K jyB 
•B^iya pikbk> -iyn^ ^m 
V5~uv kpdmb Bsn rtnya no jyo — 

.jyanyaoMK 
Syi-w? k b^b lyoyB k jyouya bkh km 
Pk ,?MyBDyiicj> nn^K iv yn^yi dki wiyw* 
,no ayn ?imk pmh jyaMyMiB k aMaysiKM 
.nmin iyi pa dmik »t fya^t 
*yn ,B^a jyii ,jy^"«iyBjiK ^m tbk5 — 
iyi pa jynyii Bp^mnya jyB^a km ^kj w 1 ? 

.p? 
km .jyaiKanMB nyB^Kp k fyiiya pk ay 
TKia km .DoyiKiiyj a»:«n iyn«n jy^nKiB^ 
pa .mhb b^b Bpyiyn ,Ba^a jyiiya ^»a pk 
k pa ajK^pas -\y-\ Biynya im bkh tyo»Mi 

.pKfrnyavp 
rwviy y^K Baypya Bia \vii$n -\yiyp km 
tynsn "t .jyopK'nya |yj"t |yoi?3 km ikm 
pK pK B^niK *iyn iv typiaya ^""aMj/jy t>* 
-as ^d k BKnya pw »t |yiKn b^v yvnip k 
ya^^p BDKBya tynan »t .jyB^a yayaMya 
Myna yaypMB b>b jyManyaBMK ^yJoyp'a 
.ann "^Ka iKHBya tk^ k ^m tynsn pK fivfi 

-a« KPDM2 BKH ,B"11 "MyT PK Dy — 

.jyannyj 

•yaiyn^K Bsn -b^mi inyi vx oy — 

.K^'asiBya bmth 
pK BiyB^vya ih^k "a jynsn tyaM km 
yiKi ynn^K nya^K tyoKaya ^m jynKn tynyiB 
km pK yBDaaM* km jyiiya pk km ;^y^pya 
m Vi ^kb y^K lynKn lyBayiiB' km pk nyB^.o 



35 



.^"itatrjyoN; 



(87) 



?r ,\]!2vm D'w r itr orh p-w^p r 

.DWfvw jy^RayaaniR pk «n 
in*p nK^B' y~tfR w tpk tonp ikii — 
-onR ~iy BRn ?TRia yop^yinya yiy^R 0*0 
-taya rh >nots> ir nsa jyaRo "? .lyn^yj 

•any? 
IRnoya P'ip R py^^' ^o urh Rpona 
nya 'pko jy^n "! »«' .{yotfa snn^M tir 
"t |ya"T ayii jyvj«3 ayi iy- .fy-iRnyj opftm 
-ya Dy brh rpdhb jyn .jit nyt nytaaiR lyiiya 
^y-iRiiya ttfya^iinyB niR «n n« -tapnyo 
■»it« tapmyaonR in orh oanya itr *pw 
,yoRn ytayTHpyanny^ r tr ,iymta 5y*a 
PM ytayiRp x pa fyoRioyaDmR pr ya^yn 
r taaaR^n ifr* B*n -tapiyoya nrpR BRn 
-ya otPRViya'R nTR lW"t "fln^p kh .paRia 
tr ,nyaoo -lyoyoiRinyaiR nyi t^o lyiRii 
.nnot? pa tavaRtaya tayoa tyaRn »t 
r tnymyn in ^Rn Sttfytaya imK — 
in orh nasn rwnw r pr ^p nyaRia 
tro p« -iyo^£> D'Rpbna TiR jyTR^yaaRiR 
.paRifi ayn lyanyaamR ny taytn yiyiaR kh 
-dhrb "nx pa nayn rh jynya jypn DRn 

yvxi rh -jytayaya ta^a i.tr a«n tr — 
-yaDPK rpdhb orh ,fyayaya p^R to tafc?n 
nrpR in is anaypmw e"3Rayo ww 
^aiyp rh pr pynp pa .^HyoDyw ya"5p 
tyotfa rh PR nayn ynrpR pa ly^RayaomR 
.DRa ~\yi %ya^R »«tw in jyasn 
■drpi iD^anp^iy ph o»a tasn tpr — 

.iynt^yaD>iR irodhrb *iyn 
.tapipyaaR "tfm dppr ixpsn ivivp «h 
nyi orh ,'W?yfi pR py^R »: iTa — 
TR Id^*ib> yayaiR-nya — taaRtya -iyiyo5y 
lyaRn «t mi -tynyrya jytaaya iRa »t irh 
.-lynya^aiRa taa^Dy^yn 
ijymRta^ya jytaaya t^r ycxn nytaiR — 
jyn^yaop.R ?ip in^R ta^ n^a rpi ta^n 
n>o ta^a .in>R ta^n lyiiya jya>n -p» .rpdhb 
.jnya jy^yn i<o pR n^ya dri 
■ya D^a i^br ta^n irod^rb nyi iRa 
ta^n ny .taaRrya nn>R ta^n Rn drii ,Diyn 
tyDnta^ya pr nayn rh tynaiayaanais »m 
•tRiSRDD'^v^RB nytaaaya iyi w 
tynyta^n r trn fyaRn iynxra ly^Ro— 
.■siHyD^oin* ya^p^aaiR rh taiynR^ya ?ip 



-rt ,Dm pR nyts'.s iyi d»d jyaaRay; fyD^yt 
nyi — i»yia \v\-\y: oy^R taiRi «t PR an 
PR jy^asDSBTR ,jytDynRp r ,- i pa t^nya 
-ppiya-Daaita^v rh pa jy—i^ya rh ,dirp 
•y: iy*:™ iyn ,oyaayo pa ^v: iy- ,iya 
.ta^yoiDiv pr ta^noiv "t ta^n drt — njn»n 
aix Dsy^ya in «t ;yaRn irtapa^aa^R 
tapyiyn pr tywr* nyi .oiRta^ pa nyiaayx 
pms nyB' r d^o -lyP^Rn yviRn^ tD'o lynya 
1«a jya"! iya«a rh pr taayayiya cy drh 

.a'ta^^a fyi^ya 
,nyi"5p yvnip tana j»ipidb> riyonyasR 
ta^D ,y»ap rh Pa taa^naya anp tyaRn ya^y.i 
,D^a yoyniRa rh b'id ,"Rn yo5»yniBix yaaR^ 
yoRa rh nya^R taay?^ya in «i lya^n 
-5>yn ,DiRD^-ta^yv. nyD^R "yi pa lytaDR^a 
pa jyaoiRHta ^y'a ntR jynyiya u^n ya 

.--R?yv 

in taRnya pK'n pnRtair Dgn R^nRioya 
-jiRiiya iv p.R pTRaRD jyny 1 »»a ly^yta^iva^ 
dw ta^n Rn ya^yii -jyaRT yany^ rh \iyi 
t^r Rn -lynyrya jyay^ -\wk pr 5ro jyta^iy 
Rn tr ,«t ta^o Di^Dyiyta^Riya ntR |ynya 
-aH^^o pr lyaan jyayn lyayanya i^aR drh 
,hr : fynp p»« PR lyo^Rnya drh Rn .tD«p 
Itnyty «m ,\nw «»n 
PR taay^ya "in^R nya ta^D drh rpdhb 
phis w»n "t iy^yn ntR tr ,tnyp»aya in 
-aya vrtK w& PR »iyDip ta^a a^n iyi pR 
"lyanpyi^ tynya nn^R pr \ynxv rh jya^ta 

.oy^R "Ra 

nya D^a iRa iRa »n tya»n y^nnyn 

•RayaaR ta^a aya^p i^br tyaRn "t jtaanp 
taRnya riid tai^a jyaRn »» -lyo^a rh jyta 

■ IRHD IV 3R1 

-ya Rpona in tasn ?pn ri tayn drii 
,iya^pnya db^j isa ?yn i*r jyn .taaRia 
PR pr n^ya p^p iyaRn tra irt t« ^yn 
iv tama drii lj^o ta>a irt tr asn I'py: 
tyno ty^yn to *r .anR irt ooip rfyano 
.lyaan pa jyanROB' 
JnyoDyim' rh tRntaya a«a r ta«n rv 
r iv jyaaRayaiv c^aiyay t^r jir 13RH \'~\hz 

.pTRaRo-;yoi^n 
Rn orh ?tyoi^a jyanp oy tpk tayn — 

.rnu rh anayayay fRnoya ay^a r 



(SS) 



DSJlplX NH 



36 



k pa i"B> "»yaKiiB> k Ptfa ^yiaivyaas o'j 
Tin jya^yamH tt osn £yaoy£ posnyp 
oaKoya pk oy yr^yn ^nyooaya yj«5p kh 
~yp iitftft nyoay^ kh hd to pk ly-isnya 
jpj^wwk Tt- oho oy dkii jypWHK rya 
lyn^nya T^a si iya"T ny*u*p kh nyDnx 
oToy-iK osn jyo ytfyv ,*na yo^K p»« 
jy^-iys f-iKa ,^yaa^K nywv k ,jytoya i/ikb 
ma kh .aaa yjyt^yp k \i& ,D>anmiy ins 
-a^K nyn -o^yamaya Dyay cmy^D^ B«n 
kh jyo^ya pk oa$:?pya T^yon osn ^yj 
inya jyo^nyj d.tk fynsr, y^^yn ,pyo?y 
■K^yj rmi tt pk m-yiyvv? nyn >ty?nys 
ktk iv jy^iya oamiya n^an p^ pk ny ,jya 

.nyay^oaKa 
•ywyp ayt opynyaanK osn 5yaa^K nyn 
k d.tk pa lyasnpya iKanyi o$n pk naa-y; 
.»ny?T? yinsa yoia 
-as sn fy5yn to ?si tt oho d$h — 
■yj ^yaa^K nyn o$n ?odk: yvaKa kh jyvn 

.oay-ia 
•ojyyj aaa nyi d.tk osn iDmya — 

•onya 
? jyDy ins — 
p« onyaoayya o>a dtk osn njj nyn 
lynaK nyn tik binypyjout p»a tt osn 

•tt"T 

tt osn /'jyoy,, tnsu oyn anjjnymjn 
Kn jyii "ikj .jyiymviv tymnyaas spdhb 
Kn osn nyaoay |k onynya o'j o$n 
ko'j aaiaasn pip isa pk Dy tk -jyaKotnya 
•jyanp ix dkii Dyay 
1'tik Kn osn lyoKo yny^no ,ko — 
o^a tt okh xn .jyrni iv jynnnyaas ftp 
o^a ^»t nyo^o kh tk ,jy^yo^iKa oaypya 
.lyefcpya "i.tk jynyn jyjyp 
pk ,|w«n pa JHjynyn to ,5yaa^K iyn 
kh .oya$iaya okh aaa nyn .jyas^yw^K 
kh ikj jjyas^y^^K tik t^k ma yo^K 
ojypyj o^ j>ik ik jy^Kn nyn^p jd^p»5mik 
Pk o^yp pa jyai^iiya «t okh oy .jyaKo^v 
.|yviyot^3KP ya^pyiB' pa oyo^Hjyn ,ro^n 
TT iy2$n Dy .pjkip ODny tyiiya ryrn «t 
"t ya^yii pa .jyjs^K^tfKJ jyn^inyajK 
lyn^yj kh -tyn^DnK p^p fanK ty:y^a 
-jhk okh ny .2J5 ayn opy^yjanK jyasn 
•y; tnsii k nn>K jik ^yirotp k |y;nvyj"iyo 



■ya pk jyaasayaiv t\s iko lyo^K jk 

•IKnoya tyasn nyu^p kh dsh ,oayna 
kh lyDyanyi pk o^yoynya jyn^n «t — 
-oayya t"n pK r~\)P okh -ynanyaiyn^KiKa 
•Ikodhkb "iyi onya 
p« ypj'j'^p ya^yTK ^sn fya^t »t — 

.opiyoyn nyo^K iyn osn -yanpnaaiK 
pa nyvty iyi okh »b»j tt onyov— 
aio^ k ,onyaojyya n^na oaKt^yrya nyn 
-m jyDKa kh no iyo .-\y-vp kh anayno 
-oya pa ,nit^aa yayo^K^nya kh pa \yv: 
.jyD^nya tjik jyo okh 'its .ony^ 
-^ tt lynKn K^'JKioya pk bpdhb 
■«n kto 4K0DHKB foip oay^ya ananyo 
■ o^a in ^t ny dik wi^k is i^bk anayn 
lyasn -oay^ya >n okh jyo ptkii .\yitfw 
-ty)) ^yn^yp kh kmi ,omKnya ^y^a nr« «t 
.noma> nyn ^ onn^a jyo ya 
yo?K kh .|yayayi iv tynnnyaas okh Dy 
yiy"i opynyn bkjp lyn^n ya^yii -DyoaKio 
-yaann tya^n ^K^yaiyp yonyoKoyaonK 
IK oay?pyaas tt m$n pk inipw op">m 

T1K p^^K T^K ~\ytfW 4K0DHKB iyi .n^H 

T^TOKa DiTk osn Dy dkit ,iyisnya DKa 
-ya aaioiKiny ins osn ,oiyanyya piko^ 
tp yonyoKoyaDnK ,ya»Tya:w kh jyono^ 
-"vhkb nyn pk .jnya ny^ya^ jy^KT »»» nyi 
kh pK OBio^yaa^HK »t jyo okh ik^kod 
tt jynsn Dy nya^yii p« ,nyoKp ya^oya^K 
,Dnaa ,Dypoio^oDKia ,oyaKHKin jyaiaya 
■pnaaiK kh .nyayimya ynynaK yiyiywiyz 
.DH3K y^K o^o onyo^ya tynsn lyia 1 ? yan 
o^n lya^p .oKnya kto ^i «i lya^n lya^ni 
tyvn tya^aya iya>n »n .opipya o>a «» tik 
pa o^yaanyaoHK ,5h Dyaiya^o^ j'aMK 
-Kioya .nyoanya yuyDnoc^aK yoaKpyaaiK 
■oyi^ niTK iv ommpyaiv tt okh «5^a 
-ya oiya^otnya Km rya^n yi"! pk nyo 
-d^k oikii k tf*ax anayasn ODaaK ,jyns^ 

•lyTHiv 
-"T »t ikii ^ypani pk «i okh lya^p 
nyaK t^k -\yi"p .onnnya o»a ,iyoyTya fya 
T^mayo^v .ya^n iv 'n fyoipya o^a tik 
P'K tyTK^yaomK ,pHK lyoayii kh jya^r 
nTK .pK^yaiv lynm nno h pk oaKooynK 
-$iiya t'k Dy .a^o "iyvaKa lyi jyaaKanya p« 
ynyoKp nyn pk iyo o^n oan p»p .oaKa \m 



37 



•^itttriyDK; 



(89) 



town P« — 

?^yt 1 M ny"S PS 1811 — 

tasn sn .tanystaayya on tasn spona 

.DDISliya tan BIB'S 
B"T O^S Sni PS Ifl 1 * &D"r] ^11 — 

?nms 

.jyanitpya nynm tasn spans 
nsa^nxp nyn tasn ,nym» sn sa^sya — 
ynyoyna s Bjymjia sn .nyan aiv taastya 

.«t sni r^iotj' 
ls»on>sa s tasn ?nytai» pn ps isn — 

•I'spona isnoya ^ya^nta s 
-ya spana tasn ^yansta^ya ps sn — 

.tnystaay 
?5yT"n ps sn ps nts sm tM»n — 
■w ^o k l»a »n tDtjn ,$yt"n ps — 

•oast 
?5y?«n sn ps lxn — 
nyn &*» isnoya isn s tasn spona 
ps Dy ts ,jyta"nya taansnya tasn osn ,nasn 

.B"11 ww 

>n nyns ,Dyptasnn< isn iya*n »» — 
Dnns »n tap^ .oypttsn»« isa ^n lyasa 
msn s ps anon to jyoip «t .tanstaB> pa 
-ya n«D»»j?p nyn tasn ,tanso^ nyn nyoan 

•taaST 

ots^ fyo -taastya »n ny tasn ,tanya — 
nyas i"s tayii jyo jyn ,"ns 5s» ayn i"s 
-bs 013 on nn>s oyii ,|ynyr ^d pu« isa 
nso^osP "iyi osn ,Dnns »n ldts#5» .tm«J«s> 

pa pnaas nyn .iyn^yaons o^nyaais O'o 
onn« ins ins osn nyna^p yanpnaais sn 
.pvru«n jya^pyntp s oasoya 
nyno aiv onn^ayaiv »t ta^n nyooyn s 
•ya D"»ita^ s in osn ,onsotro5yn nyn pa 
,divib> ,tanfc?tat^ pa Dnns,, roastya ps tsno 
"ijynyvi oasnya on sn ^r in ny»s 
|yrn «? ts ,fyaso5jnya ta^tn spans 
jyasotnys ot^nnxa osn s^nsnoys .«ib 
ts ,0Disiiya nsa o$n sn ;in taints sn dsh 
nynts ps jyasnaiv sni jyvasa ps ns sn 
n^sa jyiiya pit? rx Dy .in>s t3a»a"B nyaain 
•lyayaya tea lyasn »n sm aya "lis 
jya^n ^n ish ,taaisnya tan ta^n spans 
sn .jnya lyansn »n aaiban ya^yn ! s s ps 
,a>a sn tins |yta3snya d**p pnx in tas^i 



I'spana lyasioya osn ^yiroc nyi ; fsnta 

.BSP PS 

tayii in^s ans -i'n^a i"s jjm ts — 
-ya s aaa iyi tssn ,jynyn taoita^nya ta 1 : 

■isnoya »n» 
tasn -isntaya nyn on in^s »sn ay sni 
sn .\vw\ pa tyDPsnyapnis in spana 
^nytaayn^ nn*s tapmyais taays u tasn 
nyoio s pa ta^pantanyx sn d'd ps in is 
jyaasanya t^s nrs .taannya nn^s sn osn 

.DDsa yvasa sn 
jyo tasn riynsiiya anaan ps ay jyn 
sn lyans jyioy^s tain^ayaDms pnva^a*^ 

•lyia'P 
,jyayanya isa rais jyayn Dsn }yo — 
e5sii dsi nsa -taDsioya in spana osn 
ps "irrs ^st tyo ?yn -taisya tan pv^ nn's 
.jyoy w dsii jyaya ^nytaayn^ in\s 
iv tanynyaans tan osn s^nsntaya 

wn pa tyvn 
ps sn "?tama ps ish ,soso ,SDSia« 
,jyss3ans in taay^a sn rs ,fynya taa'mya 
^ypnat^ s jyaas^iyn nn^s nytaio sn Day^2 
ps jyo iyn .taystj' lynya piB> t^s ay .tama 

.\yvipy: »n is: 
nyi tasn lanyn nn^s ,^ns tanytatr — 
t'spana anayinD pna s fyn^yaans w~i 

.ts»n ps 
sn ,jyannans i»t tainna esri spons 

.taony^ya sni jyiiya iy:»^ r^x 
"»n iv tanynyaans tan tasn sansioys 
."tama to an ,yiasD„ rrta^n ps ;y? 
.jyannyasns asia »» tasn nyan nyn 
tayn nn^s nyns -l'^ T« W i^nsa — 

•tanyanya ny tasn -tyTn^ss taay^ 1 
taay^'ya spons in tasn ypnsp s sni 

.^nytaoyn^ nn^s anayta^snnytar.s 
.nsa^sP 1'iks aasnnya »t tasn jya 
sn ins tsntaya pip s ny tasn n^mya tana 
ts ,taan^iK'ya $t tasn tyo ya^s/n ,is5'nsiy 
sn ts ps ny^taya yayanny^ yta^s \v:"i »n 
.ans nn>s »n ins aas^ pw tasn "vnss 
nsanasp nyn tasn ?nnns taansn isn — 

.oaynay; i"ll 
-ons anp spons tasn Syr^n s ps — 

■tanynya 
?nytaia nys t^s isn— 



(90) 



ESJIplX *n 



3S 



mma ww 1 ? xn tx ,ttf ( Taya ipx «'* ^xn 
DtyDKTyaayDKnx oxn xn .nrpx lyrx^nya 
in** osy^yaix p,« yoaynp yovy^ jnn»» 
k lyrn »t 1x11 ,yan*p nyi 1* SnyoDyjjt? 
.tpjj pa jyjjya oshspya ?you 
.jypjjya t^a "in osn B>aa nyaHyny?" |v"p 
p» k wean rji$ ntfv wtpyiw k 
-ya osn «n .xpona ly^xaya px ,aaJO"^> 
'VP "iit'n .dex^ nyoDyjjtj> -irrx tx ,oa"o 
xn .nyiyjjty px "ynyjjp tyn^iiya pk 5ya 
oxn oy .pajnpT»»n x px sm jyjjya pk 
•jo irp'x k»jj »onyt tor tx ,Banya vpr v? 
dvik tooyixya jynya xaxnxo xh px nyta 
rji„ nrrx *iAx in pyaiy px 5yp»n ny"* 
"l^nyoDyjjK> pn iy3"iKoc? BTx^ya bosh 
■ya px isnoya »wa k osn irp Dip 
«n .^yayp D'x^axiDys jyannann osna 
xm nyiw lyjjya px ov wwy) tpa oy Dan 

•typ5x3 x 

■>n is nnynyaanx p^J3y?D*3 toxn xn 
ynrrx ny^ira iv nxaxT px ru'ii pB fyn 
px Dyntox nyn -tonxoyaiv in jyn^n |y»yn3 
oxn nysnyp -iy*axa nyi ."iy3KJJB> jynsjjya 
pya 35xn x »a xm tnytrvya jJ'D^JXJjaxP 
pk aaiayjjy3 ytavy? "irpx .y^yana yaynx~i£ 
irrx oay^yaaipx osn km dsjj ,jyjjya 
.tfxn ippk pB nxn D'SnyoDyjjti' 
* * ♦ 

"lyaxa tyasn fyaixo-npa tyDDsya oyi 
■yj »t LD^n jyo -D^in jyajaya «t nyinyp 
in D»n iya"p xnj ntx px ,aiso px ddkid 
jyo uxn ,tynynya »»t lyoyjj is By-tfyoya 0^ 
,yons tkb a^iy n^ ayn mpk iy3x~iay3 vn 
nyi pa njrw»p-*pBB> y5x px ytK^onoKo^n 
.BBKB'JyTyji iyroa""i 
■lyoxj k o»3 jyjj ,|yjjya «t tya"t dsii 
^jik y^m k D^ntD n:ni nyi dx^j ,y>mw 
....?D , j"i s o^yjj p« nynm tynsKa orpnjs p« 



nn^K lyaxio oyo3 onoy; ^kj «n osn wnyn 

.^nyoDyjic? 
■"•k sin» isno iv pip k j^bk JHjnycjf 
-"T ,tyvoDynN o^j lynm "t ^kt jyo ,tys>o 
4»nn o5»yjj iyn p« dk^j jy^xjyj *»t jyj 
oayiayj p« o^yo^yjas v» x,t &sn T'^jy 
-^kp osnpiyB osn lyD^yii ,{kd lyo^K p»« 

: D^rjK'J 

?iyno lyn pk ikij .ny'jo iyn — 

?nyno nyapyjj — 

■ya ^so k ikj km oxn ,-iyjo nyi — 

.OJSt 

BQiKT rS^KBsa ^yn soixa pk dp:^ — 

?kik^kd nyno nyn '^y^x ayi inv« 
"lyiyraiK .t3nysD:yy: KPDna tDxn ,t"3 — 

.fcpa xton^s PK 
yjw k p« \nvi "\w in'K opo jxn -n« — 
«t a^nojooja nyo^K nyn osn ,b»t nyux 
-jKt3^Kp lyspn k jyojayj osn ny -DiycDayya 

".bd'tojn vx oy 
na -lyony: jv iDxnya kiid nyns osn km 
■sn »t .jyT'ooynK 0^ nynnj in^K ^«t iyo 
,0"T nyn pk jyay^ jv lynpny^s tt jya 
nyas t^« cy -lypjjya »t osn tyD^x nyn jkjj 
■'nsiy ynoyna ,»t ixa B3"5 ptk tyiiya 0^ 
■ya ^n jyaxn »t .fya^ByajxD'iK Dy ,^y5 
«t typn 02« inyr .iyn« ps pnx onym 
«t lys^yji -rs'^a jya^yr ay^ is jyojpyapnjs 
«t lypn i^ijy .|yTK?iya dkjj isj jynsn 
jyTK^ya pk ya^yjj -dkj ycoia s ?ipk dpik 
osn jyo 5«ii nyansua^K y55« pb lyjiya 
kh .iyD"Tiyoaj*iK iyt»n y^K st osnKnya 
-i>p kh j^bk ,opKn"iya |yiiya |y^n ivv^n 
.jyos^iya lyjiya pk ya 
,Byno yo"n3 kh apiyoyn osn spona 
ytKia -yDn^p nyn is tnrpaya tyasn ya^yjj 
IK ly^KQya pk K^as-ioyB iyjj iia«» nyi ps 
P^^k .ymy:3iny3a ,, 1 K px yoiyoKoyaanK 



.jy-i^ynB-nBnjni 



.yHNyno-Dj^vpHNia kh .Dyvsna-DJS'sr 
■«? jyiKKN dsi JbiDDKD nyD^iy nn»K px 
iv »? bdnp oy dnii dni ptfa nonyn jyj 
-ya ym .ts^ng pn nt^n nis ,iy"prnsia 
py^N ay-r D3Nnay:i Dy lyaNn jya:ioaNiD 
-dj^vphnib ~iyn pa nyajynjN nh pa >»»no 
ym dni -lyny^pny iv v\^vr]o-\v^^P 
nonyii pn yiNNii n tn ,0*3 oj^o viwnu 
iv «n r'noN p« bdnp Dy dnu dni ptfa 
ojy^ jyo DN11 DN1 : BD"fl dnt ,|jrvjfnips 
■:nt /Dyvsna-Djs^pnipa d'pn pnN 
ti» jyoDNp-D^vpnsns nyojiN dni ,pyi 
-nib iv odnp Dy dsu dst tnyoBnya ?yo 
nyi dnii ,D»n tin ps yiNNn sh |yT*n 
nyojiN .fyjmya "i.tn in spun bd^no'bnp 
ntN iyo no tyt3DSP"D3S'vpnsia oisn ay" 
"np "iyi jya^yn ,o>aNia ayi jnyotnya tin 
■»*ia-DJS , sp , nsia ayn in oaNo bd^nb'b 
>itn N">11 ,iyiyn nt^p itdn jyp atfa pN .Dyv 
-yayi^nN jyoDNpDJN^pnsia p» jyo jyp 
-yj:"*iN o'j tnyw "lya^yn ,o^3Nna ayn jy: 
-?yii pn ayxNia-DJN^pnNia d'pn d3«5 
~iya dd^nd^bnp nyi dnii ,Dyn pa oo>p nys 
-wswinib nh n y a ^ n yiNNii nh bans 
"sj iNiNBjyj^t oynmtN nyas ?ryoDNP 
.ynNyno-nonyii iyrn tin nvspp yiyaiNn 
n Km B«pJM«5p ntn tin tt to jy^yu 
.jy^yD^aN on jyeNJD'rN 0"p:p:my*PN 

pn ynsyno ym dnt ,tyonyj3N ton? 
|yo dnii ,dni onyii jyrn tyiNNii dni a^an 
nv ts^pnsia iy^T tin jyay.*yjDnN dnh 
-nd^bnp nyi dnii .^asia ay- t^o jyoN; 
-Ni2"D3N , 'VpnN-ia d'pn lym-iya no od^ 
-o^asna nyi pa o^ann ayi ^: oyv 
tt oonyj jyjNn pa :tt ojyia nd .yoNi 
n tn ,noN nN oy nn« ?D , a»s;ia nyrn as 
oDspy: onh Dy dn^ d^t onyn t^n yiNNii 
_, bnp ayi 1%: ivnyn pn |jn>vns*ia iv Nn 
T* ^sn tyjNn pe nd -tD^asns d'od^nd 
HDiyn Bxy* t^n yiNNii nh tn ,iyo^y^ 



jyTio ynsyno nynn pa iy::yn:N nh 
P^n .jy^^ntD »niv nnN lyiyii ttf"nBy:ij"K 
,^>y^a ntN onyn t\s yiNNn dnt .d^nh 5«no 
onoya osn ojyvnNia "iyT ^nd^np ^yam 
;|yTVHN"ia iv yiNNii nh din jyayaonN 
t^N yiNNii n dnt ^nd ^^ho nyiyuN iyi 
n« oy ^NtraNp ^y»ani ^y^a nrN ntnyn 
IN^vpHNia nn^N sins lyisiiya lynyjyjDnK 
■» m y a tint o^yvn^ia iyn dnii dnt pn 
-nya lytH .Dyvs"iS"D3^xpiiN*is a«a 1 y : 
-ann ayi ^i tyiyn jyoDNoya ^iint od:h 
PN jytwyvnipB pa DDjmya ty^^o^t^ 
nh : bain \vd D^n ,dni nyiN ,anmo 
.yoNiD^Nia ya^o^^Din 
■Nnv ynNyno ivvi pa jyjjiDNa xn^a 
-5ytN iya»n nynanya »?t pa viv ps -fyo 
pa nyajynjN nh pa iy:j"p dnii nynan ya 
■ya o^j ovy 1 na ^sj esn ynsyno iytn 
-ni topjM yH^yno yrn pn -lyaNt^a^ o:yp 
•ya nynna jy^yn to .D>a yn^a tins an 
.-lynanya |y;3iDNa »nw nh jyoaNno 
ynsyno nym pa 3jiddn3 yocny nh 
,^ra nrN oiyn t^n yiNNii n dni viy'pp-M 
din -jyayayjDnN tnyn Dy ^nd^bnp ?y^am 
'Nil pa ^n oayna nd .jjn»YnijnB W Nn 
-•"VHsia D'pa o^aNia iyn v Donw iva 
ynNNii n tn ,-^Na Nn". ?od^nd^qnp iy~tjyi 
in^N pn osn tyo dnii ,dj>h rn^a r\Div^ pu 
b*j od^no'bnp iyn iNT jyp ,03"5y33>n« 
^ni -jN^vpHNia nyi pa o^asna p»p jyaijtn 
pnix jN'vpHNia ivi in: ^v^t 03>*ip ^y 
-ya^HN osn ny dnii ^no^bnp oy-t rn?a 
nyi dnt .|yo"ii to nyas «ni ntN -d;^> 
ivi pa o^aN"ia n d>hn wip od^no^bnp 
ytDTxnsna nh a^an ^ni no ,is>xpnjjna 
Dy dsii -ayi pa nnyo \"i onyn ynxxn 
od^nd^np nyn ^yr^nsna iv Nn odnp 
inyo jyaNn bysijtiB-Dj^^piTsnB i'^NJ no 
-pHNia iHNa ounya onh "iy d?n noiyn 



(92) 



BEnpiX N^l 



40 



dsii Dip pk Dy^s nxa "iya-iy ^xa nyas 
*ou tapaia ,yn$ynB nym pa lyaaiDaa yi"3 
,yaKiaaxa p« Bsayaas pa ynsynB «n 
ijyiy^piy is t*# ^ isa v^bwk tyann 
:^o k "isa jynyn nyp^By-isynB ytn tb$5 
Dy tyz wii ^a nt« nta-iyn pk y-iKKii k 
tD3"5> jyn is) typjrvHpa n taoapya bsh 
d»j *p Baxo ,b*j is B^aipa ayn is 
,Dip t3D"n "lytnyn yiyiax b^d .(D"»ik 
«n 5»yB^ii 5y*a nr« riBnyii pk y-iKNii k ?k 
fy-isiiya Brmianya tw«t ya^yu .jyiKKii 
tya"T ynxxu lyrn pa jyTsntpa a'px 
jy-iKKii yay^ iw»t 5yew pa .jyiiya ntnyn 

-NKll H DSU Dip ,T>VBK3 IfVYWi HDiyil 

*in« iynsuy3 Bammya jyrn ya^yn ,yjn 

ps jynya HDiyn |ya"t is^pnipa |jn»t 

■it mtk tyayp to .iyB"ii at p« nyo^n s*t 
-yn to px rpt^xna 'o 1 r\ww P2 pmx jya 
c«p nx Dip .fya^ayaD^ix o^a ixa r^x iy> 
bxh bx3 tx oany^pny iyi b^o dxh ya^yr 
nyi pa yaxmx d^x ,B^>yn kh jyax&rya 
-iayDtjnyaBDaf>yT pk oy rayBDnpy D'o^yn 
-xia xh Bay^nya tyo dxii B^onyi Dip ,t!> 
■xxn pa noiyn ayi Bo^B^ys dsvu :y3 
-Das^pnsia sn pa nonyn fanx "?fyn 
ByansiiBaxnya b*j yaxna xh rx -jy^o 
-nsiiBaxya ptfa jyp yaxna ytn .jynxuya 
-xmx nyn pa 3ainy5pny tx Tin lynyu ByB 
.p^oya^x px nmyn pa nyBPxnxa px ya 
"iy ya^yn ,aainy^pny jx ,aany5pny x?x 
,ysxna kh b<j Bay^nya px n , 5P"i , vi Bny^p 
■V n x y n Bin on y u-d b^iikkh t^k 
.^yp^DiN lyoaaya p« nyi jyayii i^a 



iv «'i DD^pya tsjjn Dy d$u ,d^i kmi inyo 
y3HTiipnyo k ^i tynyr n^o ?iyT*n$na 
-^-ia-D3J>^vpn^na tyi nyn^K ^aia^^ny 
tinny: vn tya^n tyaa«ay33^ ^n Dgn ays 
-nDiyn ym |ya^n to .lya^rnDiyii yaniya 
-ipB-Daif^pnijna I'^iin ann^ayaain jyaxr 
n>ii inyo ntDiyn mv tya^t »t ps ,oys 
ayn ^am tix "inyo ^y^a nt« px nynna 
*iyi ^^a pn mwi o^a^-ia d'bd^xd^xp 
lyaxn pa .yta*no , afcjna nya^D^^'Din 
-ya n o 1 y n * "i nyo nym v» osTi ,st^K 
n^yn nyi t^« nnxn px ^tk kmi ?iyoia 

?15IDP81U3DM8 jyaXT «H JlIB 

^ya^n tix px ?nDiyn odpxii ^tk h^i 
p« D^asna tt Donya jyaxn fia ?ny ddpku 
n ?yta«iD , a»^ _ ia nh a^ oaayn Dsn pa 
n^ % p^r Tin y^nyntrntriyn ya^oax^ayD 1 '-.-. 
tix tynyD^nay axi ty^Piy ^ yiasta^ 
Vitaiyn pa d^o p« yaxmx -tyDpKii 
-pnxia nyi pa aaiDDsa yta^iiv sn 
•>taan 5ya ^nsna« ,ynsynta lytaospDas^ 
-ayani tD»a ^xi p« ,-\yw-\y nyn pa nya 
nsa ODy3nsa 3aiDxa yo^iy «h -T^ax^ 
-jn yti^iis kh .D^axia nyi jx jyvax3 ps 
D^a iyax \vp xn .o^asia ayi i^ik aaya 
,tt taonya ?«ni3 nyrn ryaxn pa tyny^piy 
-sis kh pa tnyn ny^ya^ans nyn nr« sni 
D'pK PHK jyny3 ya^yn ^tro-Da^vpn 

TK /1TN D^IK taDpXll DJ«»flB"DJIf'Xpn^"lS 

nyiH miKii pK rts^asna x \"i *?& ay 
lis dso nyD^iiya s t^a d^ix taapxn nonyn 
-a~in nyi nnsn ,BD"n dsi Afiyo ta^a 
B>a p« ^y^a nt« vimvi v« »*bipa-dd*:b> 
.nya^a^n nyis nnyo 





xhyw ymw s"t 



,wa x ,(B"pJ'BynD"iy5ron»B>) DyDMT-D 

nyi p« ar^yn ^11 nya^ynyi vx dku 

TK ,Dtft? D\V jyoipyj DVlKn T'K *iy -Datf 

nyis ,av-i*o pa Dpvnpa k pk ai^yn 
pa tnim dvto ^Koyo nyi tx /im»Mn 

tkj ayn pa D^yiaxnyaoix Daa^yr tt 

.nv^yn 
«m Sfywisa Dy jyp >im xm "1SJ 
ttfinjKiiWDiK ^1D , P^k iyp on km pK mtk 
-^ym .fyjKna yrn spis ?pyiaK |k pK pyu 
-kj nyi pa DaynKiaia ayi |k jynnn ya 
-lKDyasne nyn Diyasay ,DaKB>jyDMniD 
: "Tyo iipas^, hid"* nyi p« mtk 

nya k "inn |ya^yn si tt tyayp td„ 
yDTX^aosp inyr lyaipya tyjyp to .T^a 
"lyoKU d^o sisotyay^np pa ryaan^mya 
fyoKDK 30 lyD^Knojy dkii ya^ytK ,*ikdb> 
.*i«DBnyDKu iy»KDK 62 d^d tisD^ay^i'? 
"»5 ,p»DB>yn 5kt dkii ,aaiDaynya k?k "was 
tre HKDB>3y5np jynKDK 200 pa -rya^r to 
-kbiv nyan oyii ^KDBnyoKii jyosDK 402 
pB tyaana^anya yiy;y3p cms pyn iv5» 
-yjDn-m Dyii aaiTTiDiv nyn "a .jyo^DK 
-lyjyay-i onsn iyp jyo -t'dm tyiyn fyta? 
px jyoKDK pa Siks sh kmi 'its dki 
kh tin) ryayna k dkpi jyaana^anya ya^yw 
pyii wokdk pa jysna nynK fy^py^SD 
-ya y^ya^K ny»? ^nn ty^KBya-iynawKa 




jyrn lyim jyno t 
"lyiawi ny-t \vmi 
,bihki to 1 * lyiNa 
y^s jy:"i i»a d^j jyi 
-1 $ a a sa yuinvto) 
•jb kh — oiy^ 
■'dd"3 pa D~iya""iD 
p« DTDyiyoansnya Doayn — Dynasna jy: 
•iya tyj"t ntfyo y?n py-iasr ,rn^yo yi"T 
iyi pa yD'ao^nya yoaayD kh d^o jyiau 
pN D&ny jy^yii ya^yn ,ya<ao"nya ,tdkj 
•tyiyn is5p nun yrDarpi* xn 
■idb> d^j Dijn "iya^yii ,iyTy^ nyi din 
,jya^n tinaya n ^t ,y^ya p« pn»B dti 
■jin d>» |ynmrns ty:yp i^d d>»ii k*vi 
yDDjy;T5?anya kh pk 3>ik yaiDD^j nyr 
■nya^K si to iy5yii ,tdnj nyi pa nnia 
/yDoyi iKayaKna pa nia^n kh fyay: 
t.d"tk3 nyi 1S95 px DpyiDjy Q%n nya^yn 
_, k t>k nya^yn px Dai^ lyrjix p« nv^yn 
nypn^a yDoyia sh {ta iy:"K BB'ifnw 

.D^yn "iyt ps 
T^N ly^p^DiK yansa kh iia aya^x p« 
isoyasna iytn tk ,\y\)v: Dyoanya piB> 
dihkt dst .jymiyn iKaD^nDK'yaaiK Dsn 
dsti n^yo t^r Tin ,a>ns tt pa dts$ 
•pK'KnKi d-i{>t ayn d^d Daya^vya Diyn 



(94) 



I2S:ip1^ KH 



42 



taatf ivi pa yan^anynya sh xm lyayn 
WW \vn \vp ,«mm oi^nya ty d^t fix 
x n»u nix ps Dxi .aaniya px ta^a n$a 
nrrx taayp -a'anx tyayna 5xt ?nj?p 5yp>DB> 
to^ ,fg mr* irrx Dtp ,ty5yt3Bnxa in 
^o p»p in ^xt xu px y5yayiiB> x ,\y:w 
tyrsfomN px lyn^j nyia'x ,|yB*y5-iyB tra 
6 ptfa ta^a Ton na x fya^a ,p^ px n 
yranSnyax mi ,w tya^taya x ixa ayta 
pynasT ,naian iyayyi [jtfnjnnjn tyB>ay<a 
x^i D5Ks:yny ~iya>a"ii w: ,ananx 'Pxa 
■i«i itfinra x ?iyin$* tyas^D iy-jaynita 

KH 1»a B'J "ISa "D2„ \yVl 1"K 133"* DV 

jym pa jyan jyry^^yn nyi px D^oa 
-ya nayn nytanny^ya nytaonnya nyi .tanxn 
-»n »yii Dy tx -taayaynyaDnx u^n 5ynyi? 
■»db> x pa iy*ins' fyas^D nynaypita }iy 
kh inn fynyu tannyv-iya tsyii Dvim 5yp 
in pa aHay&B> nTj^5> iy dsm ,p>B> px n 

•DniX 

ya-iyay ya^nayaix ,jyaxT jyo iyp ,yrn 
nny^ya ya^a^x ow jynny^pny dihki pa 
n^yo xh osn iid> nypi Dip ,ta^»nyi yta 
,pt ~\yi pa iy5nxitaB> ya^ytx jyianyaiifBnx 
-ya &: Diynax tavy^ pa &sn jyo ya^yu 
pa ntfyo yixanynawi kh .fynyt taays 
ypi .pr nyi pa jyoip xtfx jy5sT dihxi 
dxi ,tapxa ayn tins in twttB> aaia^s 
Dy xm rpt iyn "nx "iyan in taa^aya ov^yn 
jyo jya^yn o'o ,sspD*pDpysD iy~t taa^v 
y-ixaiynaixn ynyiax y5y>a taaKEya taxn 
-ayra xh Taix ta^a nyaSyn px tx/jjipi/ntaay 
aatfyta^ayEXTiv xh jyayn jyom i* B"p3'5 
B^pDijntspyaD nyt) Dnyanyp yw'pwn pa 
yoma "iix kh pa jyn^nya jyiaiany n« 
p« lytan p« n^nai^p yt2-iny^»ya ya'cn 

KH pa yi"K mm T>S D^T ,in^^ 1858 

-ny yDDnsnnyiaixii pa ytsDanwii ,yt3Dyia 
jyo nyn^ .(oiruimnK* fyisiQ pa fyaana^a 
■n ttfariDay pr kh tn ,|y»nyaa^ inx jyp 
im ya^yTx yiynax px dihni lyDso wn 
-a>^ ayi ay^iv px lyuayoy^y y^rtspK-j^ 
"ixm -D^yii nyrais Doynsn p« pr nh oya 
ixa Byn |yo yD>acnya nxa d^ii dd^ii 
•D^a kh D'o "iiBsa nyi »a lyo^nDmK 
T'N tavy> ?t3BKB , ayD>ii nyi pa jyaasnv ya^'j 
« *pik |ya>n n^o tk ,-iysn n^a m« ixa 



-«Ds div ry:y~\i x pn ins iyp nm .(oani 
•Bayay^y jx pa laaniyj |yB"o 
"•D^tax yoma ta>D jytaayoy^y ya^ytx,, 
PN dvj«tik rDinsnta sni -jytaamya yw 
lyviyny^y p« ry^aiv D>aan pyn .ovnxn 
-*s^> »mxn -tytaamya y^>»»D« ya^^p »»d 
kp i^x fyanp px rn Dm« in pa »n jyt 
dsii .BytanmapK-snKi pa n^yo yixmyna^r 
DJKpyaai.K T'k -iya>n D^n lyDayoy^y naa 
td lyo^n y^nnyn .yonsaDnK p*« id»d 
iy- pa lytapn^a kh pa iyj»n tx ,isa 
•nv^yn r s s dihxi pa aaia"5-iynjKa*iKB 
typ :tDD«n osn) tannypiya pn Dy fyp„ 
"ixi lyanp nv^yn pa ,$y»BB*«a div 4yo 
xni nix nya^ .^a Dy Dim nya^p ?(ni* 
"'oxtax ryoma x wo v:yry5y jx pk n^a 
Dip ,{yt3annya jyo ayo ^r ,taamya jy^ 
.jyonyaiva^ nya>a oy rx ,in D^n Dy anx 
px "»ya5n px D^yiasiiyaoix taiyii iy m 
,i>t pa tayn^aya tnyn iy nyn"x nyaip 
x nxa Dy t^x ,tavy> lytD^xn td b«ii xni 
t^x Dy .oyi jyayn lyiiBXTX^'a iv ^ya^BB* 
jy^yn lynaycnyaopy yiyo^ni tx ,iyau 
-xa nyi pa D^anayp yiVDnxa x w jyinna 
-lyaanynay xh pa px lyoayoy^y pa mo 
tyaxo *n pa ya^^x DaytDDa^ini ya^yn 

."im 
■ayoni nyn pa yaxaanx ytaDayn «h 
-xt y^x anx jyo^B'ya w tavy t'x dbxb» 
■taay d^ii ,ya>ay^ xn hiy iyn tinx jya. 
lynayoy^y pa ryaaitaaynya iin jynyDB* 
■*.p ,DDa5yr jytaayny^y y:"-\ xm Dia n*x 
PB ,v\d* ?ya^aanBB , T,x p^x pa o»n« jya 
■iv yayny^ixa inn ,ynytsxD ya^a"K p v x 
■n^x pa lyasivxa'aiasP Px lyaana^aayoxr 
tyo xm ,iy^ya^\nta yi"5p i^nayaix vn 
rh .jyax' ^y^x lyoxiDx • jyen D^a »n ^x^ 
pa vix px dihx-i pa rn^yo ynxaiyiaixn 
px Dinsno xni ,iy^xtayD yny-rax ya^tay 
xh tx ,oy nx ptx tx ,jx tya^v ,dvjxy,x 
p"»x ta^o ynytaxo p^x jyayn ynxynta 
ta^v nyi b'id tayii px ya*taan x t^x taaxip 
■\w, lymiya in^raaxBoyDni 
-ya pynax nxa x \yw ]yvn to 
px \ynny: n^o iyii ,*ntaxa «n 'yayn ^ina 
n^yo yixaiynaixn xh Tn5a Daxn^yaax 
nyo^x px niDxnysoyta r^n dxi -dihxi no 



43 



tsty'i yr^c"; nh 



(95; 



w\t lyoipix ntx jyp jvo tx ,od"h dxi .^a 
p»o "ixa .iwnpamp pa rx^>3 tya^oan 
kh iv xo^ ryayia p 1 ? ~xa pk ,aa\a"o 
o^o .oyoNNDpK-xHKn inn lyaai^nDNK 
-pk-xhk~i obko iyo yr^yii ,iyo»pjpD^a 
jyo fyii -roDn^a nnyt i»t iyo tiki »ii'B 
1"d pa ya5»n nyn t^e .ypj&op i* «t dm 
iv ink P*i T^ayo oyii "p^ayaiT jM*D'fe* 
to .lySiKno^-oy^N pK ypa«*ip lyixa 
*px |ypTN fyfamBtnyaiT kh xm ,|yD"N 
kh tx -jyayayn to px wnpamprann 
px lyoipya jyo oyii lyoxo^ryn you ya^yr 
-a'DHB yiropK-KHKi typanta ^nn lysiyp 



-yaTOKa yDNia pa aaipy-BNK iyi is ayN 
.dihki pa nipyo xh tni ya^o^n 



.-[^: 



-NmypK nyaxoaa^KN pa jyoiysDpy 
■yiyo^K nnyr oaxoya jyaxn oayotrixByi 
-ami ya^-iny h \yiy)) jyaaioaxaxya yt3JND 
aawo yj"oya^« xh .^yfcma pa jyaanyn 
kh tni lyoip twaniHJim ym tk ,ok 
ly^yp T^aNB 5"n ,dkohp pa jyaanynay 
oa^v oy .lyo^ypHyoaNi kh lyaxTjnys tra 
tk riyaaioaKioya ynaya ^xa omx iyax tt 
"Kii ^xa ■»it« o^a -ixa tt jyax> ^y^aNa kh 
.?"BB> ^xa ^xaa^x xni o^poyn 
-ya tt tyr^BB' ^y^ana yiaiynaxN kh 
-ay^ yDNiya pa ^y5ia*iyp xh d>o T^anyii 
tyrx^a y?n ixa ion .jyoNipaiK ,tyrx"ia yo 
-x5 ,0D3iyn px ox dxi pk rjPB»* pwn 
^y^a xni ,5ya ntx lyayna bkix tt «t jyt 
-xo yiy^t px jynxB&^Hx nxa ti;jyp "i 
■nys? nnyt tya^n ya^yn -lyTXT wi .oaya 
^yatr jyopKN »t ^ni nio^pnaN ikb t^ 
kh jya^t ny^nyaaiK Tt tyinyonya px 
■a»N yoD^o sh pa t"bb> yoDyoay^ya 
vth pa fyonso ya^a^K .^y^NB vmyi 
-y< ly^nanyp layTNB 100 iv jyn^a tytaNnpaix 
tyo o^n ^ypa>ia kh o^a \y\\ -nyon jyi 
niKun kh p» ,iyn^Nya ov^^anyB «t ii2 
kh iyn^ .jyDpKN oaypya o>: n^a jyo^'N 
niniyD ya>oiNDNna tt tynso ^y^aNa-a:n 
«t iyaa>na o^oiyn px "qy^anyp ytn pa 
.lynanypK kh iyvia lyoDyna ayn 
"a\K «h pa niynt kh h»i« ay^ya iy>n 
ODiax iyny> jijt ^y^aNB «h jyaaxa jyoNnp 
■"N r^K pyia^N pK lyTayaya-visa sh ps 



•DT>n«-i ps ;prnayv,:N yt^Bp^iD 
■yn ya»a"K iya"t "i*oa*o jyoi3 \yvvy'? 
■ayoKnx tt yoirutfya nyaspnyoK yooiKN 
,pt#' Na pa 2ipp jy^^a^^aayo px jyoipya 
■ax y^^opxiB kh lyayii lyayna^yn iv oik 
.pxnyo p« ^yvysD ,dn"t*ti jib jyaanayn 
-kb pa oaxnaya oj^n "lya^yN ,mP .m 
y^VBV? kh kni DNia) DNiNi y^y^B K VI 
-yiny-i yaiyry^a k p« (yp^BB' n* pa 
fyoKOPiTyi kh lynyayaiyn^x o«n pK yp 
o«n ,kb^"in« px jyoayonyBDpy y^K pa 
tyT^nyoai.K jyp jyo jon ww 
ayi ^nn yt^^KB pa lyoayon y'nox 
okh DiHKn o>o y^yinyn kh .p^-ovnm 
,iysip pa iy-inyn o^a opyaanyaonx iy 
oa^nyapyNK Dy p« "pa pK yjnyn ,|yr"X 
-kb^o,, jyoonnya ayn pa o^n ^nijts «iw 
-K1KP 15 kni inyo oayN "iya^yN /'oayo'T'a 
w jyaaKayaaK Tna okh nya^yn p» iyo 
nyn .nyoDa^a nyn p« T^TOKa ,jyvaK^a 

KH fyN .1KBDKB pB KNI NTK lyiiya T^K p^ 

,ph die k i^bk jynya fyo^N fynnyi 
PK jyaamyaann dn-ki pa p^ nyn o^kn 
jyoayoH y^Ka) .oayon nyn lyoaN^ya 
pa yz^n iyi t^o (.jyoaN^ya o^a jynyN 
-KHDa^BD oaKaya .oiyonoDa'K fyoNiya k 
-^b oaKoya dniki yfyvB k okh ,a«payi 

•piyNHy 
jyp jyo kni ,o-iy^piy osn ikd"iko -n 
■"npaKip yoNiya ]y\^)? ix dniki jyviaya 
-dnk okh pk ,(pki) lyoaKp DyvjKtya ,jyo 
|kt .aanmpDN.K pa y^ya yanoy oayay-iya 
okh iy ya^yii -o^pa^DHB k oa^xya iy o$n 
."p^ayan ya^DHB,, fyanyaaK pK lynatany 

ISDBNK OyN O^pa^DHB y?H TK .WW IV 

.pvnyo nyi px "wtjikn 
«h tk„ ,oaxrya iy oxn ,"aN?a tk« 
oan ly^KNpnyDKN y^y'a pa obk-ip _ ^h 
kh .aiHKi pk nxa o^panpTN. ~\}n px 
-nK-iotrtyaoayn kh nya>x dniki pa rtfyo 
-ayNax an^K \y? jyo dxi ,Dyi pK T'K w*? 
"•n div .onx typaKip ayi tx opynn iyn 
o^o y^ynnyT k jya^na^ix iyp jyo ^y>BB> 
pB ly^^no y^y^s p« p,x t^kh pk avixn 



(96) 



QSJlplX «n 



a 




•D'» pa Dyjya^ -ijn pa jy^a 

tSnSJTQ TD DSll ,{^XmaDtf^X KH 

-12 ynoyia «h pD aya"K n$a a£yaB> ,tjn 
.p^iiya jyaaaaya ax^x pa |ya»! ya^yu ,fya> 
nyn B"5aay p« aa$ia -iya?yn p»s 
,:jk^ DiB inyx pk ny .b»b-i$d„ fya$a 
-ain lnyxaaa aayu p« T<n dib tnyx 
kh pa aya^x iv aiynya ny .aaia ny- 
">iib> yaftm ,e»b iyai*p yaoanTttPiya 
atny asn \vn vrfvv px d^ pk spa |yo 
•tytr^sa&a lynuya a^x *iyaxy^> nyn pa 
Vt jy^aya d» pa nyaiy yasay^a kh p« 
•iv&v yann -D^Kina ynaynyTDn*n^pyn»> 
-axa ix »t "iyw "lnyr ns Dy -isa ;w\m 
tpn« tyo , ii^ "t lyiriya^yr .jytnip jya 
y:i'3"N atnyn Dy ikii ,-iya~iy yiyn pa 
lyoNii pa pm nyi ikii pk D'a-iyaoa'a 
.ama nnyt ^ik r« 
■ya yann ktk ?ya>aya tx nmw t^« oy 
-^a^s nyn *pw B»a-pt nyi n^i ,D>aysys5> 
Tiiiji "isa ayon jynyTD^K ^r d$ii ,yaK"ia 
p« p»5p aHTiipiyo fs ^iia \"i .fya-i$a 
ny- pk ny -iya$ nyenyp pn a^a ^»ftnya 
■»x ya-iKB> p« ypiNat? a^o aayaxiiya nxa 
*pt \vi"%v »t ."5jnn$a mi d"m ,ny: 
.nvn c lya-iso ya^ii yD^iiya a>o D>aan 
jyiiB{j> ya"p tyo a$n oayasn y-iyn ps 
^«a d^ti jyo .jyaiaya an T"Bgj> yaixn pB 
.aay^ Dyayay^yn wn'ruwo Km mi an 
p>p "^a jyaayna "B»B"tsD„ fyai^D y5s 
^aya nyas r»K Dy .ty^ayn ayt an jyxia 
**i«n ny«t a^o lyxuyn |y:yp ^n Dyii |yo tx 



oy jyn .t"bb' ytn ^tji tyin dix nyo 
■"X d>j lyiyii tjrb»np3in kh m ,eajna 
Dyst^ ^y^anB «h jyn^^myB i«n ,nna re 
■k^i ^n pyu\K^ ly^yo px ,BD3->yn p« 

iyn ,D"inyp"i«3 .d^k d^j py-uKii «t on 
•!|^jny^ya «'^ nynna jynyn tyD^iipjix «h 

.nynna 
nnyo iyjnp »t inii nyoiy kh p« 
.ayn t'Bnx lyaay? "t tvn^5mya .^mvp 
t^b^ a^D Diyany: jyrn >n iwi ,di^t 
VW ^>i« "T jyT^Biya nn^^ }yx,:xa nyi 
jnnaeanajw p« yanosi nyn^x .nyD^n 
-^k iya^ ;^y:^ inyr »»i tyn^a rytjyjyj 
»] jy^nnya |ytD^ip3i« t^o nyi^ya iyn 
any: ^y^nnyp pa dkbkt nyi r>3 ,33«? nt« 

.D^S 

ix pmx u^nna p« a:nyi:sTi ny«t 
«t lya^D lyuyayriitfj «h pn D«n ny ,n T 
•ya »t ^"ii -Domyn p« mi ny^y:^ ^y^a 
ty$«n p« ayii 1'ans t«BB' iy^:"ii jyra 
iy:mnyuKM «h .\vwvi yny^t jyna ix ^n 
yaDJ^DD^ p« yDDyn kh t>k aoiiyn p.K 
,aia dp ly^t t^k d^t .^y^riB «n pa a^x 
■d»ih tyjyp "t K'li t"BB' nnyn jysjjin «t iyi 
.yDma ys^yTK "t tyf"t DiyDyna p« ,tyoyia 
"'ayBytj'ya yi;yn^a y^s as^irnyB^K smi 

■jya 
■^y^^B kh tk riya^i ^t^k jyp jyo 
prnya tya:ny3 jya^t ys^yn rtyaanyTJKtt 
anynawiiya anjya^ \vz$n p« tyay^B pa 
d^t .y^^o^a^py ^saa^s jya^t ,\vmw kh 
jyii iyi .nsiyps ayi i»b a^aam nnyr px 
P^sty a^o -^y^ana ys^yts fyaixnya <?w jya 
pyna«iiD^« an n^a «t iv^yn nyaa^i px 
jya^xn iy«T nnx pn nynna jyftm px 
•lyampaiK kh pa ^y^anyp kh ^isa ayya 
jyanyaopy kh pa lyaaiaDxasya ytn 
-ixa^a ^^nana t^x oy i^xn mi w"? 
■y> pa |yaann>B kh p« iiaxa «h iy^^a 

.n»n an^D jyi 



43 



Btyn jjjped"; «-i 



(97) 



-jd kh tik jyno ya^yn ^y^Ko yt?H 
»1TK iyj"T ty^mjpi kh .e«ann jtdo'»» 
oyi is: a^yot? V* jynym "t is ,oa8ov3 
l»« jyo D3KBP yt«n t/th tik -urn 
w jyo3Pi «h lytDD^p y^^p d*d iik &a"5 

yB"J83y» ISDBPK PK Oyo^HOpy^y jyaKp 

.n«np -a 



-B"5 jyay^ 8m ,-ins' -"lis nya^K pit? 
pa lynnoyj lypnanu yj"5p »iw pyn a 1 * 
-ipya iv oxiaya vw pyn ya^yn #iy$»etM'ii 

|y^oo3Pi ym .obkip ytPHopy^y kh iyo 
»? Wiaya-a'saip p« yo»na T'TBKa fya"t 
«n pa lyayn kh tik o?yotj>y33PK pyii 
-opy^y ajiay^iya pk lyjjynn pk [ypnaKB 




? 5TOD ,,i ?K3K' , XK3 lyiK i ?828 ,, S83 



.pona -p pa 



pyp'oiK p'id pa "Dyo8o i *„ D'npaaya^a 
r&an t« ^m "/lyjyayj ya"t pk iaia iyi» 
"didt^8J8 , v8j„ d3ptk pk dsn ,iy-iy^Piy 
-ftm bhk nyo3y* nyn ",ts»0DH838 , ¥83„ p8 
^8a -T* tanyn p'oy^ss D'onaaya^B oya iya 
^80 038 tk ,opnyoya ^>8» 8 B«n 8T83 , aty 
£«vi i8a-iyn T3 "nyjjyj,, "iw tt fytpnop 
nyn>8 yanjyn kh jynyBnyB rynyotnya »t 
,nya8 P^J aw ,^m trims o^Hoty *iyn yatyu 
■w ^yp , Di8 pM pk Dnajya^s yow tasn 
Ti8 pits tyaHO'H p8 jyts^p 8T8 jyay3 
*K38'¥K3» p,8 "oioth838 , *83„ lyanaya kh 
*iya^8 btk b»id tt tyo'Hots' T8 ,*vbd»5 
■:i8 p'K pk pi iy"T pa B^ms^paiK kh 
.son d»hbb> p»p nsa pk dv .^kt ya^ayo 
■»a .aya tiaintj'— "didt , ?k:8^k3„ 
ytaaipmu kh tk ,tyap?a nyn pk— anaaya 
nyey^o jya^T ysmmm pk tyoaKtj>3"oy3 
h Km nynayayinya'K nyjynm nya'BDyo 
y»"T) yvyrjyjya pk jyt)aK^j , "DyrjyD8^p 

Oyj B2»W-tI"BD^K3Jjl'X83 -(19 

DKVi ,*iyi t'k — y^yts^ k ^kj pk D'laaya^a 

|K Ta D10T*383KD3K iy?K3S'SK3 nyi D^8^ 

WV iy tk ^"W pk nieKJ yayiK^y^^K 
"8^K3"iyi33'K ty^HKi^KD ayn Tin i^as 
pa 3yn ayn ■spn pk ?iaoKp-!yD8^p jyf>83 




lyO^K t»K 81 P8 D 

■10 -lytsay^ ]"P b»j 
fyo\pW"a Km ,?y» 
-3y3„ iyn3K3y3 kt ayi 
•tD3K^ ayn pipk "iy3 
— p'oy^KS pa i?ya 
jyi3imv38 T'K D8"t 

"3 KTy3 y3'1TK DH'K 

ipn y3m pk d»j tt |y3^ay3 vtfvv a vv 

183 lyiyaya k ^d k ^: ki iya8 pk ay 
•^k lya^yn pa) ^yta^o lyr^y^a iy^J w 

T'K D8T ,(t3D1K"liy3 D'3 183 BX'K P3 3KH 

yj^t d^3 ~ip on 'Py33y3„ nyn jy-i3 , aiv38 
nyisnyn y3 s, T on ^>ik iu ,iyp38iy3 
pk ny'o^ia *^8J jyoiPDniK ^8^ °8i na pk 
nyn y3n8"i kh p'K iy» ddv?p iya^pjn» 
hd ,("— „ :jya^v nyn) DypvpiKp pK iyo 
onyr in»« m op3^a »pkb tk ,ryT"V.ya ix 
BD'oy^s iyn pi pt8 ok dhk^ P8 oi8P 

V'pk ny33y3 nyn lyaynsfya Dsn -5 ' ii 

"^yo^o iy^"oy^8a» |y"3 jyan^ ayi 08 
to jy3y3 tDamaya apa3y3^a VD$:y: Bgn 
■V8D nyn8 dioth838 , V83„ ^yp^oiK ]"i pk 
".(oayn iyaoyii83 /'oa3ipiv) "dioth8' 
yoD83y3 ry33yia ?yii tk wk t.: 



(98) 



Tasaipis wi 



46 



"liTX .DD'TBIK I"T Dyil PP» "iy"X TX ,"iyas 

-lyanyii xh »'j ly^tnx ya"» px tayn 
ya^>yn riw*Bj« iyp:xny: xh tan tix 
-*aya »t tx /'typniya is t» tarron.. itx 
-ya„ Tt axn tk .5yp»mn pns px V* !^ J 
•X'sxa,, nyn tx ,osn *iia ".jypmya is brra 
"aixa y^xax'sxa,, xh /nyepxnxa ~iy^>xa 
jyaxn i:n pa "spaia -y^xaxisxa,, nyi px 
xd'x* 8H on? "^ypniaay T^T&xa„ v* 
•yaayaxo *whv iyi pa "jysytya ytaaya 
-xa„ na nytapxixa "ty?xax?sxa„ pa ,aaiayu 
nyama x nny? iyas px "fysyBD^xasis 
-D^xa#isxa„ innaaya^a jw nyn^nytaaix 
B^pa'a^x ivi px lyan^a &D"n ,pn "jj»b 
-)x5>p esn pnx nmx m ,Dxrtfxas'sxa pa 
"B»t3D^xax' , sxa„ .jyuya Bnao t^h px 
pn* tx t«t |yayiots>a"x "Wii BD»n -pn 
-xa-iamna-nnx» p>x ,ytaaya h px tx'sxa 
Hy ,ynyt3ay^ fyrn yiynax xh px "jxn* 
jytaannix^ yt^taanwx^xa y5x m -ynya 
yaanaya xn jya"T nyanyn px .jytasnnya 
"^xax^xaiytaan*,, px "^BD^xaxnfxa,, 
taan^xax^sxa x anxn ,anaan "lis n>xta 
Dit^a jyp — pt iytaaxonyiaya^x ayn px 
.^xaxnfxanytaa^x pn tan laix 
tyasn is nyax BD"n — pn 5tu$'¥KJ 
^ntaaixnya-taaa^/T ty^xas'sxa ayn tt px 
-ya ntfs |a ntfa tx tx ,jyaypnyisax .n .i 
px ts*sxa p*» tx pis ,j«'sxa pna is nyn 
,Tix ^x» x px) nyaya tan px nyany ta^a 
nyix -\v^v *ixasr ,taia ayay nyix nvn px 
axn px ,jyjx^sj ynyiax y^x m (nyaya 
(anp) rnytaanpy vpx tix taay-i ya^yr dxt 
px "Sxas'sxa,, -lyas'sxa yiyiax y5x m 
"lis pip a^: |yj"t "^xjx^vxnyarx,, 
dxii ,jyx:yny dx^ yanaya "lis iu ,a^aia i n 
o^yn^ii 'li -ly-iynax ayn nyj^x x^ao jyjyt 
■jy^j yj"T pa nyj"» px "v? axn tsay^pay? 
*iyanyn px .|yax"is^yiDnx jyiy-i yuyv 
DJxtya aayn a^o tiki yoifjya ^pko asn 
tyaxD-^D-ixa yanxa xh pa ay^x fi^x 
,tyDx-ipxoyi^x^xa ,*ria„ :njK^tD«n px 
1ix ."^xjx^xjiyD^x px ^xjx'sxj jyj"T 
nynx v^x tynyDB> apjisn^xa^ oyrn «i'ik 
■xd y^xjx^xjiyt^^x y^x Dyoa nya^an 
*xa„ .jyax^xj px nynjy^ y^x pa jyiDC3^K»v 
-X , sxr ,, mx„ pa tistI x ma t'n "5>xjx^ 



"jynyn toyDx-iyaanx an ^i« Diiar^x^xa 

.(is yont) 

".lyaxa^,, D'anaaya^a .jya is ds^x px 
an^ya — ny aa^n^ — pons yDxaya 
y^yiiD^ip pa pr ayi px tx rtyr^nya is ^n 
-"ana ny{j"T« ivi r>x lyaxia y^xax'sxa 
taa^ dxi tx px "B"BD^xa^sxa„ naia iya 
-ayaxo kh pa "iit^xa ytojyaxoa^x,, xh px 
y&"i) ".DKnKtDy^na ty^n^x jia aaiaynya 
-jya^s yDxaya wi^ y^yDt^ x ^: px ,(i6 
'11 wsyaa^iK ttxn pnna yo^jya tx ana 
pa aai^pmaay ya^nnoxj,, xh ,ean^ ny 
pn Tn: naia ayi px didpSki-itvkj 
.(tonxi "^nx) "nnsaayiaxTis [ytsiya 

*xa^x„ ^''tytaD^xj^sxa,, nytaiyn xh 
pa aai^pmaay ya^TaNa,, px "lysyjya yoaya 
■aya^a .aya Day^^ "aioT^xa x'sxa 
a?xn iv m ,nTx rOypsmxp px pns ana 
-nonx p'o pa nixa nix lyoiayaamx "t 
pa nxtDPxnyi x a^x ,nyanyi dihd ny .?yp 
D8ii ,oia nnyT taan^-D^s ny^^a^x'sxa x 
*iyn tx ,aayt5^ny .nyTy^ ya>n *nrma p» ny 
lyn tx .n .i ^noa^xaxn^xa d»j pk "iaia„ 
jyoo^RissD y^x m) taa^siya^x pk "iaia„ 
•x^sxa nyn tx (.a .p—rtvv nysaxa nyn px 
"ixay^xia pa fiaosp ayi ^in &yn axn^xa 
y^x„ tx DayD"iis px "fyia^i^iya amya ax> 
,pn "pnx jyan px jyonya ^n jy^xT jyaxaya 
,"^x nya^yn wd) aany^pny a'anaaya^a 
.p — tynaxD^-iyaa^x an.xa"in pa ,oiipia« 
•na yaxaya nnx ^n jyanya D^a„ px (.a 
■iossd nyi tx ,|yaxT px (?)^yp^nx a'ans 
■x^sxa ^nx» pn^x ixi t^x naia "ly^noan 
-aya^a yaxaya iyax .(18 vv"i) "^taaHxa 
-ya is lyn^nya,, tan -vt in^x aayp is lana 
nxnsr lypMiya ^pxto nyax — "jypni 
tya^aya iy^p^nx ya^o px lxn D"ii nn« 
-xn;xa„ /'^^anxaxn^xa,, lytnyii xh ^n 
nynaxa px ?naia t'anx aisya px "aioTHxa 
",|ypmya is jyn^oya,, *on ^n imx o:v? is 
nyn tx ,tx yaannya jy^pnaix ya^o px 1x11 
•^xax^sxa pa ta^pa'a^x nyi px aan^a nan 
axnya aayn in^x ts^xn taa^xoxn p,x) ?axn 
tx fypniya is ^n n'»ya„ tx tx w^w is 
Tix aan — "^nDanxax'sxa t^x naia iyi 
an.^; tx (.aypsmxp px an taa^xoxt 



47 



•Dion^^sBJ "ijrru ^n^k: 



(99) 



dkn ayi lytyniv nytj'iytajiK ly^ys'wns 
pa dpjib iy5K3«^K3 jg oan (pons) iy 
p»?n i3ia lyi agn ,ayi typhis p« "i3n„ 
-iy^w^VKj» ta an (ana3y:"a jw) *iy nyig 
-^k inyr jyny3 ttfgyi ay ".i:u pa dpjis 
-;ik lyi taiga pk d^ti jyiyn iv t33Kay-iyo 
?Dyt ty^mv lysnya 

PK Dpjia |y^>x3g^g3„ iyog3 ayi o'd 
-g^tfgryi »H tg tk m "I3ia pa agi3g-ia 
ingB3yoKn¥ lytsiya tyB"i3ia ayi pa jyj 
-\n |ynv tk .opmyaonK pk Dy ya^yn pK 

JlJW^XWDJK KH m D^) tg"SK3 N jyj 

tk ,iyt3annya kipd'k pk .d .a .a pa \viv 

BBJWW pK TK pK (jg^K3 |"P JW"T |JHV 

pfi Ig^xiyiya p^k l n t jyno 13k?dii tsyn 
-jyv H »n (o'j -iyini) }y3g'XK3 yag3gDng 
-KngomytD kh pk kipd'k pa lyoD^ma 
yrn^yT xn .(jyaannyn .a .a .a pa lytDD 1 ? 
ete p^k iJia iyi nynj? taan |y3g'¥tfgryi 
nyt3iK p» ap3ia iy5»K3g^K3„ iyog3 ayi 
-3yDKTi¥ nyn4 iyi„ yiitygia nyt ."nmaipa 
D"3 pK (nyt3"3iK iytj»TP tik pK "inga 
.iy»uya pmang lyryn ay i^k agn I3ia 

"jya^a yag3y3 yi Dgn nnyr irrx mi 
"fyt"iiya nt tsrpnya,, ana ayi px ^ik ana 
.t3>3 in Bray: ?yp^iK pns pK agn agi 

k lg3 DiKiiyaag ana3y3"a .3y3 t^gn 
tyanay in t^gn Syp^oiK p*n pa 'nix bhitj 
"toB3ipi¥„ lyi pa iyry5 y^K pk in iy ttfgn 
-aniaiK tyry^ w px iya"iB> w Diga&nxa 
pa iyag jju«t jyiv .fy^Dix y^»y5ga yts 
k "kptb K»y„ p>K nxa t33xpya tg utf 
px px Dna3y3^a .jya px ,p5ga DyjH3y5"n 
^3 iyas) ....tawyM iv ^yan: n ana ay- 



aj# lyjyp 1 ^ a^n -ya^y kh pa ,(*"^K3 
iy3ypiyjK pM nya ,fs^K3 yjy3"« vwt 
.a pa jjnv «n m ^s^'w yiyi3K y^x 

■»D3H» VWl tD^O pK /KIPD^K pB [IN .D -3 

vvnv 8H jy^mv 33it93n "ly^ws^xa 

p^x i3ia nyi v« aaaoyp |yDD'?«^8D 
■y5>K3s , VK3 *iyi D'D iyax D'3 rB"3iy3y inyr 
d 1 ^ iy3^ .nnnayj^B -3y3 ",iy?K3ij^K3« — 
t3oy^ lyanyi }ik — "iytj"DD^R3s»s«3„ 
lyBiTivas i3ia *iyi d^ in Dpyit^ p« d 1 : in 
iy&"2iN ly^nv lyi pa nyopmitt ayi 
■«a iy^: , VK3„ jyDS3 ayi id^o 33i3yny3 
,y^^3^t3 , is lyjyii ap3ia ayi p« "lyopwi 
■lyii ya^pyit? sh y^x ",t3p3ia iy?K38'XK3« 
pna p« n»xa in jy3 i ay3 ay jDftm nyta 
ei't3»v 'i3ya asn I'N ya^yn fix ^yp'taix 
.iiBKiyD^ iy^H3n iyi pa 
p« "Dp3ia jy^Kas^vw- ayi lyayii ,a3N 
,in Dasi ,«n inx ."i3ia.. pa BKiasia ayi 
oy3 ^n lypymyi.iymyn y'ica myin ^a^ 
— piona .p .3y3„ .to jy3y3 iB>n n a^iaayj^a 
pK lynx pa y5"vnyi osn — ly aa^i^ 
-iniya ix on^oya 113 p« in fy^p^iK y^n 
■K3„ ayi dbii (ponB) iy a^ii a^i m -jyt 
-anix b^3 pk "i3i3 ayi pa bpjis iy^K38^x 
m .(16 yiDin) "i3nn ly^yn pa tyajiiBB'yj 
k nnaaya^B ya^jya tD3^ay3 ,on« dt«h ay 



"'tkjn'snj,, ps nyienycaiN Dyn lyjyn (* 
yiitt'Nia nianto nyr "tt , ' , u:D''?KJKii , t<:„ pa 

-Dipt ,DTINSK^ .EH13 •'??N3NtiSN3 BD'»PI CN:i„ 

■an ,11 siyna iiK-nix 1 ? .2 pe eiyia •••"'i!!- 
-ayTn oyi'3 p« iy»^« ay»T jyjyn sjyns oik: 
-eiynya iy*iK iM»$3$tanN, riyni^ia ,D:n^ 
lis ysg^DnM "Tayjii ya>ni' xh :s„ ";x'i 





.nyo^N njn px b*?j?v) j?^i *H 



\vn ,DrrK ikb ns~in k p« nyma ti: d'j 
an nxa nann nnyo px lyjnymo "WJ nx 
•lyDKonyD^a-ix nyjKpnyoK 
jw D^iya iyj"T nyoiyii o:«n .jyj 
iy*3X3 oyn d^k d>3 ^3 nyas jypm "T 
fiaoxp nyi rs ,pk ddk Wi?3"X nyn .nax 
nyt^anx iyi pa juupnew y^>ia xn ixa 

"'DD^X^XD V"2 KH 1KB P|3DXP iyi ,DX5? 

-yj D"iyn px pyn tn.Tay3 nd t^yn y&J> 
.nyi?yBD3N?B> y:yiyw\yz spin enrpfl 
iytj»D83Xpy px jyB"B^$s nyn nyDnx 
D-irray3 ^ no ,tnyn ny ya^y^ pa ,*ib&kp 
naoxp iyi ,?i3dxp ly^DD^j x iyiyii 
pyu D"irray3 tik tid Dy .33nmtfpBnx ixa 

■^T W~\1 DX11 ,tyt3jy01D^p PB P1SOSP X 

did3XP px "lyiVDxnyBxxp nyi p« Dnx 

Dy»3 ^83 TJ1K "2 |W"t P^3DW D1V 

-y^sna "iysj»DD^x^xD nyi pa p/D"T y5x 
.^kw inyr ajuyyiya-DHwnBya nytj>nxD 
■^a T3ix "a nx sianxp W'D^xpy "iyi 
-Diynjs ryny mi "ly-iyw ,-)ya-ixss> D3"5 
aiayj d»j i$: nyax *pt tnrra ny .ikii 
-S3XPy xn px .dtp3X3"is aijyj d^ ,DDya 
-yiiya jjj^v kh ,p^x jx , ¥XP3X3nx yp'D 
-xp px wo ,fiy»e 3 ,, t3D"3 ^j tDpyoc or: 

.301T tyB"l3D^«^3 

-«3spy nyn nx bx3xd tyDvy* nyn -ixa 
."ly-iyn^ 5ya psuw *iaoxp3yDx5p w^ 




iv una ay3yax„ jx p 

PX DX11 /'|'D"iyaDS3 

px lyimw Dpi-nya 

nm„ nyou lytovy^ 

*mx ,*iyna x — "~\v? 

jyaxo td jya^yn 

yiyuix DKTpnyDBns 

.jyj d:st — lyry^ 

-jyj^sa ,'"i*p"?\/ pa "ixapxnyn iyi ,pn 

.Dtfn p*p d>j nx ti3DNp:yDx^p -\yi„ : Dyi 

-••naya «n nxa non^D s ,non?D k t^ ny 

-spy j'ei^K nonpo n -d^iis iyi p,a 33m 

.nDN D'Hju nx dsi ".n 5 y s d 3 « Jp 
■3V «n tn ,ayn fyjyn D^y^n Mini «n 
-^xa d^d iyDny3*iya d^3 tt tyanxi D3S' 
D"v pa tyiyn Dsn -oyasna y^N «n ,p'D 
"Kp« fyt^niv tyD^t? iv m^' D=xoy3 to^v is 
4ynxD3xa yDni3 kh ;"D"aiK p« ?kd^b 
.D^nDt? p« fiaoxp ins ,oi^a iyp ryo tx 
pyoyaiKB p« Dx^pnyD^ans ayn rya^yn 
yDDia ni3 d>3 ty3"? r^s dst — yjx^ pn 
;o»3 rwDD dik' p'p jynsn dsii -niDtfn 
p« yaay^ ' : is3 jy3^n r^s dsi 
nye^aiK nyi ty^yp dsti ,moi5n ya^iyay5» 
tyo *n«n Kpnyos pk iyii .iyix^ i»3 ds^p 
pa D3yi>ryna j'd^d ty^y3p ^3 nyanxi 
nx |m niji3"5 us is^mynya iNpnyo« 



49 



.-lyt^N iyi p« atyn y\3 K«n 



(101) 



tpx wa^n in pa ny7*:KpD3'n px 

.ynya 
ya^yt xn cDDn aaaaypya iyns?n »? 
-^b Tin tx ,&j»aya asn ix>va .nnyiiya 
-'nya jya oifin -ayn Tin ,iysm yax^a ,yaa 
,a?yn nyi nsa lyaanx^xa sh a'naa 
-">ya ,tyaaun^ts>ya yaxna aaxa !ya axn 
-x&y ,|yaaaypya \vn WP Jitf'an p« tyaaian 
ny .y'ax-ipsayT^vxD nyt iw^i 3 ^ 
y*»mptfpjn5»TOtfD xn„ tx ,iyayaixB asn 
d-o ,|yax?ana a^a ^yvnana a^a jya typ 
axn ny D8?ii ,nuyo kh .."i/iDa'-iya-ana 
,iyax-ipxayi>x^xa kh iyaya aaxiayaixa 
ya^aaaw «n WW P* aiaTHX^xa ix?ay^ 
o>a piB> lM"i ,aaxt^yTya yt^aanx^xa 
B«pBia-o^ w pa px aaxnayaixa ^xa !"x 
?xa p*x a^a P« jpnsviya anm'yanyaix 
-yaanx ,aax?piv ,iyjs?prc "^w "t jya^T 
waaHX^xa iyi pa |yww aax5 
-x?nxB px tx ,jyaya-ixa axn i*?>a .B"t 
^yaxaiayn yt^aanx^xa 88 jyvn aaya 
tyaxto aaypya ttfsii lyir ya^yn pa 
-$d px a^nayoniaix |"t lyp^viya .orris 

.dicppk^ 
,5yaya ,88 xh pa nyaaiayvay^a nyi 
a^a lynsiiya a^anxa au nrx pia> nyax pk 
jyayaya on>x ,nyftHKPD3»n "tyama* ayn 
pw ta^n jyo tx ,v^pV? xtx px naityn xtx 
.aanxnya a'a aya"P nnya 
-xayn^x^xa xh tx ,naya nyn nn« 
;iyoxa xn nxs *mx a^a nxa ryinta jyaxip 
ty^a yaa^a^ya Tin a^a jya^yn »t tx 
xh pa yiH*? xn tynyayanxa iv lyvyrya px 
ytyaxnpxayn^x^xa xn axn ,nya"aix 
tyaxnayaa^nx T^a tx^pxna-aaayaxpnxa 
twt "t .jyapy^na-ryTya ya^aani ya^a^x 
-anyn$D «n ty^any «t tx ,aaxanya ntx 
-yitsnys pa aax^ pw tya^t d^ii -iva 
«t .tyiijiiya D^yD^yaDmyn ivta^n yayn 
tx ,nt« ijn^wa lyan^ya yat^^ix jya^t 
-1* |yriD b^ii ^aya nya^ts^n^nE nyny^ 
onyanya ^t ay : pyn$B »t .»» ^ lyo^tatr 
p« ljn^pawniji is T-t tD"n>na kh lynynn 
«t ;iya"KiyB pn Da^av pn jyna^anya 
,|y^>o y^apma yayny^nsa n^a jya^^ 
ly^nnxa iv di""id ya^inyaya "3 K»« 
.n^a ua^ »ith ?yoiP a^" -lyp^aais xn 



■y^piya iyan^ kn jya^n thd-^d^ px 
lya^n Dnixr^n kh spik -tiniji^yj o-ya 
ay .pya kn jyaijipya lyo^anx njniypiD 
•iya px dt'Id yijny»Bnya px py^a tnyii 
DK5p"iy»»mK nyn pm nytany y:yiw 
^i px .jy^yaya ,yT«^ ay -n na nynx dts5 
-nyna anyanxa d"? xtx px y-xi; tanyT 
-xpv nyan "lya^ia^na,, x tix Tin ya^ 
*yn ay-j nyin^a ly^^a^xai^axp j'id*d |yp 

^2}ar\ ixoxaya .osa jytj^axp^aia 

-y: T.8T jyta^xii lya^a-x sn anx 
tx rijn»n3"« px jynxaixa ry?x^ T» ^xn 
jsa iv t^a nsa csjt sjaaxp nyt^axaxpy nyn 
■«ntD?ma n tya^xii ixt ,|yB»»»5$a i'»'o 
px jya^pa^DaynyaaiK jrwy»nB' px jyo 
-ay^aixa xh »a iyayay aaypya xnxns^xP 
px -lyanx xh "lyaa^ax^v y;^i„ yoaayn 
px isa*iynxa ~\yi taxn jyaxn pa nn^nya 
lynxioya mxi "ynaa?xa'Dxa» yrynax xn 
""la px yaayi yaaa^^n xn a>a xn a^a 
Tt lyaxn »»t -jyaxaiya^aix xn pa tya^n 
-yi ytJ^aD^xa^axp y'nax xni ,a-bTaya 
pyiasr -avtaya ma a>j ryaxn "j .jyaxaa 
y^^a^xB iy"T aamaaia ^nyv ti« 
pa naaxp jye^asaspy ayi tyaya T^xnya 
a^a nx nyanxn .lya^anx ya^aixi sn 
jyjj"a^xB ayi jyaaxBixas i):yi nna 
■pxax^xa xh nnx anaya-ixn a>a ,*iaaxp 
a^a .«kq jyai ayn pn ayn axn ly^ayiiaifp 
.a^vp^aaxp y^yv^ax xh ?inx anayaixn 



aa^mya jya t^x lyaxaya ytj^a^n xh pa 
tyt^anxa ny"t iyayn anaya^ \yiyn .v 
•x^'xa y^'a^H xh px aanoix a^ .?iEaxp 
~\vi px "anxa yaayia xh y^xipxayi 
•yi 88 av^x xn axn aanaix a*a ja^yn 
-naaxp xtx nyas .aayax^ixa px (yaxaia 
a ,s v y^i^x "ixa iyaipya~ixa px ay xm 
tyaixi T'lx aayna ,aayax5nxa |yt^a>n px 

.ass a'j 
nynayvay^a ,nyania x iynya T'x ay 
Hxnyi ?i^,x a^a iyas ^aaxp^mv x .^yn 
px tyaayaiaix Pinx ~\u ,\yvsv nyns tynyn 
\yw* ann^aya ti axn ^y^ lyi .jypaxiya 
-xd^x iy^^aaHx^'xa tyama ayi ^yaya 
nyaa^a^ lyatrny ayi nx^va 1x2 Px ."xa 



(102) 



tasaipix an t 



50 



yww l« px T» w& ^^npJKifl pa 
px lyjjittfxat? jyayn i»n tynyn nynym 
xh .jyn""i yB»BD^n»xifD sh px umtp 
Dyn^i px nxa iymp jfrnp px iyjmp5Ks«> 

nyn px annx px n^aaa nyacny nyn 
-aiayn t^oys,, aaio^x nyn pa jx^pxnyn 
•'nt? yaaya xh dppx wn px Dynxc^r ."p^ 
- "X nyn pa D»n« tyj"i "Dnxa pn pa iy2 
yaHayu y"J x tyayaD'nx jyonya px aaiu 
xh .Dnynji.nnnx^ nyDDa^jKiiv nyn jj\»«v 
pa nyayjanxnyn nyn dxn ,jw»t {yaxmx 
axn ,fx5Tyn nyD^iyj x ,„p^3'.ayn t^aya,, 
xm ,~\nyn nxj tyowya a"* yusy^ xh px 
pn pa D^aj^x ayn lyannayj ^j»yiya 
-ipyaD nxa rjyoayB'yj y^ypan nxa aait^v 
.ynya nyn *pix iy;x^*x> 
jo^d 5xdx nynyn annx px tidsd nyn 
"ly^toDHx^xa,, Dyjyryiiya ayn rjyaxny^o 
-nxayn,, nytapvi 5x» ayn taxn ny ."lywans 
px o^Dtpya px diidpSk'Vsd ayn "itpb 
-y^pnya w ax^nxa ayn tyaya mycx^nxa 
.yyonx xh nnx nixvin xh {ynya 
ya"oya?x ynx^p ,yttfx tx nyax px Dy 
y^^Dxnpxoyn^x^'xo xh »»a aanynnxa 
I y a y a jyo^B' vt nynay^ y5x pa fy^anxa 
toxn nxanyn ,yyonx nyn *nx nixvin y5x 
pya„ pa fx^xpaxanx ytruDHx^xo xh 
-xsrt pa 5»np x px dxii ",Djynxunxayn 
jyaxny^a tyax^yaanx ,"&nxs ay'Dyn 
•ix^xra'xanx nrrx pa 

xh px nxa jyoip ly^XD^x px T»1K 
.jyD^pa^D^itf yona lyrpn yt^aa^x^xa 
-ax lyas^ya px mxiranaynyayn x inn 
nxa ayn x^ax^xa px 5hsx .1 ayn lyto^xniv 
pw ix 1901 nynn pa px nya^yii ,ax&"ta 
•lyoipyaayiDxnx t^a 
■ma x jy^ya^ ?nxn axa^pnxa nyryn 
."tnxa nyn pa ymwy) nyn px y^xn ya 
V* tyax.n "inx 1 tya^xnnynjx ytasy^ xh ixa 
;iyt:pxa ya^aMi ^Dixa nyn p« jya^pya:x 
"Ha pi iny» ^x^ |ytox"itoyjamx jy^n ay 
px iy»nyD*n ,jy^jynyan yoma wn 
mv riyaaioan yi^a xh ty^mv a^a^aaa 
-:y ta^ aaitsan nyny:x^tfsiiyn iyT |y^ 



hx ya^ayo xh tx ,Diyixa topy^xia p^x 
■■^anx axil ,|yjxnya y^x Ta b"x-dd"3 
,-inypnya px ^yuxn ,ynt:an^x px jyo 
piyn oo'DB'ya ^>xt ddjh _ 31db> px ^ix px 
-jitay io nnx ajytoaayn ,1906 ,inijx' pa 
9 ?hx Daytaoayn ,iwr ,ikuk» pa ;jyi 
oayooayn ,1908 ,inux^ pa px ,jynjiD^ 

•lynjitatj' 8 ti>i k < 
-xa yt^D^H xh $>pi taix xrx >inx dx 
"»vana xh jy^j^xiya y^xipxcyr^x^ 
-:^x ivi pa aanynnxa tynr,D^ 8 y5y*a 
h to^o ytaxnpxoyn^K^ijD ny^xjx^xnyo 
to 1 : nyax ^nxn tyo .yuyn^oix y^DPxia 
tD"»a tx -p^^nxa is x^aj lyamj p>p pn 
-yn ty^Dixa vwim xh d>j ,jjn^yi xh 
BD"n |yoy^x »t nxa .isxn lyo^tjnx jy? 
px .lytD^aiK xh lyayaaxa ^ya-ix bxt 
,ayn jyayn tyn^n ix nasin xh jyaxn » » t 
r:^ii taino y^xnpxoyi^x^xa xh ix 

1 iyDxo xh nxa 

jyo5 ayn pip n.nx onyii nax^^H px 
•%)i$PV nynyi^ .nyanna x onn^ayj dxjxs 
■^anx y^jxj xh iya^yii px ,*ibbkp ny^^o 
-ynyDJ^xiya oaayn t^x ajnyp?yaya-ny» 
njx^> jysjxj px to^anx ^onxa xh .ton'o 
h px -Djyox^nxB px .ynayp^HDD xh nxa 
tnyn lyjj^oxrnyajyaxo nnx ,iyajitD"V 
•DTDDytDxna ,Dn^xayn ,onynyj ayn iyjyn 
Tyarno vrfiwx tfyDmyi tonyn n^ya 
-anx pa i^ax n^ya pw bdip iss^k .pnx^j 

.nax? 
nyr^p nyn px n.n onn^a nsoxp nyn 
—7000 pa : fyapKT px ikb>b»dhp ^ytonya^ 
,nyayn yopHnnytD:ix ,ytanyjjinnxa sooo 
ayn pynnxa axn nyivp px jynna ,nyjyo 
ynaxa x \yiyi ,a»D-at2^anx jyjHjm^ io 
»'o tynjianxa jjy jyj^t axn -jynjxpHaxa 
■ya i'd^d ,^s^xa nyn &n jjn^yn nyn 
.nynn^a-DnxDK' xh d»d px can 

-^»y^x ix ty»uy^x oxn p>nba nyn 
nxa ly^o iy^n ^ninyn .nyepxnxa aya 
xh n^x nyas .aiaya" xn yn:yp"naa xh 
pa jy^ii 1 ' t .yv-Dtj' \yw jyoixpnaxa 
hx nyn pa K'uxn ,ix;dh*i w: Danyranynv 
■insya ^xo ya^j^x jyo t:xn »"t nyts^a 
.ayn lyayn jyaa^naxmya lynn^a en»a 



51 



■nyt^N njn pa Btyn y^a «n 



(103) 



•y^y yiy^xnyn^ xh o^o naxn px nj«n 
Yy^yafcy dxii p/Tmy is *na nx ,iyoayo 
nx oy dxii to 'nx ,tya^>xaiy Px Dy yrfyv 
-yoa^x xh "ixa pnoa^x "iy^>yat5> dxii px 
-pxo kh rx Dxn — nyo^mx xh pa fyoy-i 
pynxa ya^yii ,iyoD^aioixax xh pa p^o 
xh lyaya jx^snxax wnvi ,yoa^yoya x 
jya^nyna x ,THaxiot>> ya^ii -aanyuyi 

•|xo 
jxanx ^>x-ioays pa jx^spxny-i sn 
-xnyi xh pa nayn xh px oay^ ">idjkii«„ 
-sn ryix aaio"S"onxa nyn px .jynyajrstf 
.nyny^o^o nn dxi lyoD'ax^piiyi xh jya 
oxn faaio^OBOxop^xa xh ,Dnayiyayi iyn 
jyDxaya^oixa yDxo yoma xh tx ,|ypnya 
mx'? xh nny^panx ny^ya&y dxii iy^n 

SH IS PX D^IDDD SH IS *11D X jyaXO 

o^nx xh nxa fyonya V* px |y"*iyTH 
px ryanxn .xiaxaxaxna px ix^sxoux pa 
nna ptx jyixnya oo^o^xa axo^onxa nyi 

.aa^nna px 
.oDary .* 

.1904 iNiJxi ]yal5 pINna 



-D^aioixax xh px nyirnaax d^x nya xph 
o^o aaioan y^oD^axn^uy-i *unx ycj»o 
.ryirpaas d5x ^oxto 
injj'* jyosy^ ayi |ya"t lyaaioan yi"n 
px y-iynjK xh tyaya yj"« D<n« YyanxB> 
•tyjxiaDyaxo y^^^^s-pn 
lynnnyaas tt tyaxn Dy sm ayi ^xa 
-^oxipxoyi -lyii ,o"x yiyjmyn^ x o-ixi 
xh ly-irra fyoiaya tyaxn ty-ixoD>a>o y-iy:j> 
-ipisax oa^onaya lyixuya [ya"t px nai?o 
xh pa tyno-iya px ys^oty nyi « oax jyo 
-ayay^ya nyny "i tt dxh ,ty&D^x*sxD 
-yn "o"ixa xh tx ,tyT"iiomx jyoiaya o^n 
.tyaaioan yaynyenya r:x3 "NS pa onyoi? 
-nya nsj tx TT jyD^n ty^yn lyto^'ii dsh 
•typ^pKtD vwwv 
,ty"t3n«a yjnyn^x y^x pa a^ynawm 
fjisn pisospjyox^p pa ^taiMfi vi"! s d5>x 
aanyayi nyi is tyonyj jji^yt:^ ,tjnn»u i^* 
;|ysyryj ps jyjKia yayny^nye nh is px 
pa w^nvQ y^x \vm is»snss« ya-ixtj' x 
nyi Bnynsa p^idpkid ntk — janyajn njn 
."diks nyn pa ^^no Yynyas^stfsw 



■»##^:#:#*r€iea€««- 



.lyD' 1 ! y-'j 



Dxn ,tD3^BS n ly^siy tn^a >onj?T ayn j?°yi3 
lypyns y^'taan ynn'« n'S lynjiaiys j:y T's 
nyn ]i« ua' 1 ? iyt3"iB^nys — lysK^unK p.« 

k in'« 'o jy'bpmEjy p« "UNatris ly^ymo^p 

|ynn ,yusi^« yay^D k K'li tsaa^p d^t 
ytj'^asanNtj'T kh taaxntayaaK px taonya jy?o 
ya^ayia lypix^ia xh .xpnyox px yoyia 
ds^ lyo^nati'nya* ty^st tyaaita^s yss»TX 
*Day» "nxa isiyi px "yoxo nyt^n^x nyn px 
-ya jy^nxiyta 1 ^ tyiya^a x "in>x »a jy^pni 
nn^x nyt^a taax^ya D^a in^x taxn ...."pxnr 
nyn pa nynyaomx 'n -lynncya oy tasn 
t^a v* ty^ii to ?"pynox^n>2"Dp^xa„ 
,iys^o^ ~\yyi t»x ty^yn to -tya^ntaiotaay 
-jyayiadya ny^x jy^aiy tayii nrpx jyii 
■"lis n^o tx ,tyaxr tyax t^x tyno n^o nyn$ 
•ayo xh is ninis ry^x dxt ,o^a ynxna jy^a 



taxn ya^yii ",pynox^nn-Dp^xa xh» 
■d^ix nyn o>o o^pa^tayno in^x jyaaxayaas 
~iy yayn^pyaD^x jnys D'pinxp pa yaxa 
aaw^Ty yp^nynany y«a x t^x. ,iyaa^nys 
Ty^^axanx^T nyi pa i^ya jyonx ayn tix 
ny Tia jyin is nonpn nyn px .iioxiyta 1 !' 
ny tx rjXD^^n -aya nynyao^nx nyn oiy^p 
-xiyta^ you nxa jyo^na^nya is oayno^ 
jix nyty? yiayay-iatrt^TX xh |y»nw mo 
-xiat^nya ya^n pa |yo^^ ;yp |yo 0"ii xm 
,oaaipis nyooaya nyi px jynxaonx yaya 
.01X11 tyo^xn T^nny ny oyn 
o>o ixo^^n .aya dd^sp ww'pp-w pn 

nyoiyii xh 

"in yiyne* Nn T^yo ta'm Nm ly^'ntDiany 
nh .nya»a ys'^'3 ,yai:i lya^DniN pe o"3 



(104) 



Bsripix kh 



52 



-ya yj"T jyayn fjtt^T o^a nyas va 
•nioRa ^yT pa DiynaRiya ,tyaaia^HB> 
ayaa pa u 11 ! yasiity rh iy aa^s si 
-sn ya^yn ,iyrHt? ysj"asa"iRB>T y?R 
mn pR ?yins^ yaap yny^t taaRnanya }jq 
nyiSyn pa tyn»*ip »t fyii .ayo^ PR p« 
oy bh^p -11 -t -R ^apB ,ijrifta yana 
yay^ yaHpT»n ins ,B3R»yaaRa -noyia 
.v>BRa nyoio nyn vt 

pa aaio^aiRya y^yntaB' R ttfnya VJR 
ny .jyjji^nyvny D'piaRp px iyB"rtfysa"R 
jyaHBB> rh PR ^oy^aRa PR V* is b^ss 
as^a nysny yaasn ps dpir nriRi jyoip 
ny tyn .^ny^orp aiaya B^a D^Raayiy p« 
-asa ~^yv ps lya^yaaisr lyayntpya b^rp 
nyan ny b^ru /lyonyp rh fyayn Bpaynya 
-»!>3 div ,k»ii ,i5»n rtr tyayncyaas o 1 : 
-nya ayi,, pa b^t nyB"iis nyn tir ^yar^ 

:"naB> tyonyop 

pr lyuynynyB in lie ]"» "lytam »„ 
-ays nh (?)7in p« lyawys kh ps bn b;i$V 
ck^b iyi «pi« ,«mb Dyjjn'lipjmx l'sna "lyac 
I'sna pn "ijnar'H yriyi^'T kh sins ,i"ii 
p« atypps pa ayxtt^a dnii .nyaya oyjyn^K; 
...."11 t "lyuynyjnys "ijn lis ]yS*imB» yum kh 

c^Raayny^ pr ""iBHiBRa B^a pr dsi 
I"r pr ly^Rmy-mi iv \nyv B>a oy Baanp 
-yanya ~\vi tyayp -lytnyn ya^yi rh i*rt 

.pi ijnjyn 



kmi iya>na oyp pnspa pa lyaaita^s yan 

.1310 lyi pR Sip R 

-RH3 ,, a y^Ras^ssanynans,, Rn bsh as 
-via yrpH yvaRa r jyayayaDPiR pip "pynB 
rh pa ya^yn — nya^a yiayiny^ya pR yan 
-^Rnya Dy bsn pn^nj ps lyaaio^s ys$"T8 
ytaia rtr fyx'ttt? is Ba^aa "ims "irb jyo 
3^Pi"ia ayay tyasT is PR aainnya-iyoaiR 
-yn — n 5 y a I n s "isaa^R si Wi^n vo — 

?piyn ytyn fya 
-jyaa^ny^-iy o'piasp is DajR^yaaR dru 
tr ,tyast tW"ow^« PR iS^ I'o ly^yp S? 
-'jsriRtPT nyn p« ytooya Rn iv jynynya »t 
pR rRi'a nyi .«pny»R pa "iiJORiyo^ ny^ 
is Dpayntyya is nyn»5 pr "bbjipis,, nyi 
.nyan nyn\s jyp'onp ya^in^aopR jyaya 
jyayn nnayn s ^yw 1 ? ayn lyay: is dir 
r tyasT to ly^yn .lyaai^nys-iy D'p-osp 
nyn nyaaiR yct^ny rh lyayn nyonyn nssa 
r t^r dst "-nat^ nynnyo'tsnya iyn» tyoRa 
■"5 lyiyt^y yona rpi ,aanjn5^ y-nyinn 
■dro nya^sa^R ny^i pa no^ ayn 'Tin jyn 
■nsa ty:"T tyoayoRD ytr^s^S^^a rh .iyu 
■noty ya:RD .uRmyoo^o r o^d D^ytr^y:) 
nanRp iyn .jRDRaso-yn-^ is tyasoiyi iya 
rh pr wyfa tyiy^nyi lyuna \vwm 
•piyv pr pyttfy rh pa yay? yaHi^Rj 
•lynyaynyn^R a^Dayip ps a^oan ampi 
-ya pn dpir taapmya^R oa^s piasP 
->db ps aay^RD lyK'^anyoy^ya tyiayo^n 
tyayp ya^yr dst .THsaR ly^a^sa 





No. 3 (27) 



MARCH 1904, 



Volume 3 



jib -IJ7TJ?'? ]-,« "ijfj&w'TpDaiQ pnoiy'ii K^n jx 



p« jyt^iB jy^T Djjni "o»*is pK-oy ya^yn 
i'K oj^db' p» wwvwi w pk wia 
-iyfo'» y^&xrrK W"*i Tin ii: .js^b^ptv 
-lya-ji^v^iPTV kh pn nisi : ojytny^a 
ytDDyu *n "tMJtpttf nh„ pa j:\nyoynj 
,ijik. Diyannya wp £»n ^^lyn rtfitw 
,;ya8n *vo s^i }ya'n*> nyo^n ^r Dy anx 
kh„ »"v yxnp n«J s px "pd jy^m 
itn W\ x^d» px pyDjn:nya "ps:ipiv 
^k dxh dsii ,iy*iyn tnyoyanya Sy>a tin 
OS yirna ^iixtv nyDDya ny^x px -lynix 
•jjnny^pa'ix px mn^a 
oDsoya pw td jyaxn :nan^-is3 
va nsBpsiyi nyrjix D'd DBjyoy&pnjynsi 
unyoyiinya iv "Bajipw,, "lyovnjo oyT 
oxn jytwni pxi tyaxfi t:d ,pyDyaiya iv px 
Mp ,Tix nytD^u tik lya^aiya 5xt 
jru"Tfi ,t*k ix "VWD 5y*a nyax t* &n:yn 
inyDB' »^ nu oyyi wn urn .nix jx s>n 
mx nnmaonx jyatyn nix px jya^ii pa 
nymx Dmw eyii pyjy^a y^y"i>s ynyr 
•irum dhpd tsnixn ojyDy^x 

rif Dyuimya T* lyaxn *i>» : lynjy^sa px 
s d»o lyjx^xpJXJix yaytanEWiss y>s 
yD^ya tynnyjjx jy^r "t r« jx^nxa 
wnup tyonyj 5st ftpttBWgrHf yiy dxi 
•»fcB'B irrx pa 5nxv nyi ^ixj "dmipw,, 
inyo dxii tyo^iaBnya re din ,ttai»6nn 
.■yyina yiyniK prt^ire anJ'3 pa aa^ 
-ana .t.ynx'nyj tnynyi px ya^p nymx 
lyjyDn^yatnxa nyoDinj njn pa oy^o 



! :u , nny l 7ps^K p« ;:n^a pa y-rrns 

lyonaya jyjynjnya pH*r»na onu u>o 
-nyna x T'K jyp^ tin T^na 1 n « I'o 
-d^n^sd jyr«"« iy"N pa nii^a ya^ 
/'oajipiv n M Sssamt^T jya^easB'jyD^r^B 
kh oijn 1904 TjIR 1 Jjxajs nyi d>d dst 
->ya t» t'l^ tacjipiv vm„ pa wx«5uh»« 
»H «^i nnyo Dy^asp 1000 o^d tanyDjrw 
s lyatp i v d p« / ^,^lN , "vis yjyjj»;"iya 
,ti^v y^nip nw n p« tn ^juup yp'ixtoK' 
p.« to^yasn p« lynyoynjiya ^n Dy oyii 

.nnyo oa^^e 
nsia pk ,mw& yrn tn iyp:yi n>o ,p: 
,tjin n>a xm v&tupib n N °^ 11TR V* 
"JIN a 1 : t^n "bbjipw rh„ >"ii : DjyDt^iy 
Kni Du nr« ywK t>n wr ,Dini3:yj"« "yr 
pyoyiDiya yiy^x nna iy:^T ^d ,yiytJiK 
iyp JjiDannya y'nox tSp^pii vvi wiyv 
nya^x "dbjipiv k.h„ pa nyry^ nyny^ ^n 
y^s t* td jya*ii»n : dmjd"ux ; jyj^v 
,r^ "tDBJipw nh„ dxi ,D^onjn jynyia 
jyay^ayj ,iynjyt^DiN yDDjny kh iyDJi« 
-Dyjj^a pa apy^ayajiK jsd jyri2:^n t»| 
»nD p« t3Dya ^s^amsp pe pn ,>nyaj?o 
jy^syn^s p« jya^'jna m^^n mrvx »a 
px jiyi^nyj toyunjyj t^n xn ya^yi^ *im« 
piPDP nt* lyD^ii tayii sn rst jyasn i»o 
T»t vd jyaisn : Djyoni ; ly-i^Donpy pa 
"d-2^piv nh„ dsti oyi rttsia tn ,p/nyia 
-ana jrwiK "a \"~\ p« »tjb jyay^ayj r» 
pa ya^n irnj p^« jy;»n^ya t>s ,tye^v 



(.106) 



Esaipis toi 



,-iya"ipD3iD yiyravN tin jypaNi n>p 
ts IN^anpDaiD iji"i ta^aya lyasn ya^yp 
tji« ,ipn «t jytaya p« inN 1 jy-uyDip oyi 
"caiipiv Kn„ lyt^naBnya tya^ymvo 1 *: 
,03^ inyra jyaayia ^>nt oy din ,iny» dsp 
.aanny^psPN inyo p» aan^a inya 

,331038 tt'-D 



i* .lyoyns pN ry^ya yi3y35>«& ipn 
,*tta3ipis„ sn tapv^ya jyasn to y3l?yii 

"Itfl "T DN1 ,tM"X3«JK t3D$e KH niN t3N1 

-»p yiy^n tyta^rny b^j casaso ;ypi iw 
: twisniR yayiy^iya im oye 

S. Leader 97 Gerry St., Brooklyn, N.Y. 

.oaisya yasniN 

W- Panslivansky, 53 k-elly St. 

Roceest:r, N. Y. 

.jypaya p* ta^a ybsniN 

Ch. Kaminsky, 4 Hamburgh St., 

Rochester, N. Y. 

.»b*d nh tyts^iya 

B. Jacobstein, 255 Joseph ft., 

Rochester, N. Y. 

.»&*D nh fyT8?iya 
J. Blair, J49 Broad St., Providence, R J. 

.iyD13 NTN 8tP3 
A. Haar, 235 Market St., Paterson N-J. 

.rya^ayaiVDPN »»3 
ynoiyn yiyrais taoa^yaya jytaya i»o 

D"P, Dy 113 lim TN "D&31PP?,, NH [IS nyiyS 

'rn lyoni ryrs* nix. *?& f ryj«nya vvi pa 
-pi tyr^ p^s «r iyiN iijcims v:w\ xh 
iya'8 DaytaDa^ayp dn in ry^r »r din ,wd 
yiyn tyD^smy ta^a lyasto »t jyu tn ,rya"* 
.i^isj> lyraiN ta>a dsi pn Dy^ssp 
.tMyqpnwya 



»& ,iyTy*j jnymN DMTpiyosnN jyagn no 
yiajwtya jyinany jytyn ij?di: ^istj ojn pa 
Ti jik DiDTOKjn iyat»„ : iy*p»Biu y^yisyBD 
lyum UMyn„ ; pyi$j apy> pa "dim»Ej&o 
p^a n„ ^nasjtj .N ,11 j 1fl ."oyoDiD-jyinyj 

*tf*P»J„ ;]N0I21K .K .11 JIB /'BBJipiX Ijn p« 

.yajjip .a pa ,"'pDii$^tei» tpemw^atjtaDjyp 



-"31K„ 8pnyD« pN 1«^8P38318 "W^TH 

-$n dsp ytai^iy nh jynya jy3"T "aan iyo 
,^N>^iNa nyraiN tyoiayaaN nino^ ta^o iya 
.yD^B'jya ytDB'jmy: « v i oin^ayjain p« 
lynyj pk ^in 1 vj aun lyo^aiN 2 t^Djyia 
-jn JN^"i«a lytJiN dnh dnii yD^ny nh 
'djtu lyts^ny -ijn oo-ip irrN p« ,iyoiaya 

•pjsn iyt3 
-iya D^p-iNapjNt yoDyi; xh ta^D 
-^pagans nh pa jycy^ nh i^jd fya^tajyay 
•-isa lytiiN jyDijyjjN iyas,n ya^yii lyjN^v 
1NJ oyasp dnjnd jyiy^ jyony: pN as^ 
•,s din ,-iyiy^aD^D y-\y"i pa ftup: iyi 
pa in'vn^pi^' nh tyiyoyiaiya uya^yn 
■ND tyoDayj cni tyfitp i^d ."oa^piv nh„ 
isa iyoanya n tyasn 1^0 ly^yii CNa 

.^a nfs ^non 
.aan iyt:"2iN pa oyweajna 

.p■^N , va 1 ^taayia 

•Pis' 1 ra 2 

.jypKasn tacyii 7 

.yisfi^^sa 9 

• INDnytaya 13 

.PPNI'D 19 

P'tana va 22 
nyDDycDNi 27 
.PIN 1 va 28 
INDiyDya 30 
•P1.N 1 pa 37 
.pis-"" pa 38 
.PiN^ v: 40 
•PiN 1 ^a 43 
.yiNct^Na ,iaia pa ^taayia 
•pin 1 pa ,iyDaa'pisp. lPDyiasifl 
.pin 1 V2 ,|"Kiya ~iy^NpHiNi lypona 
.pin 1 pa ,j^Niya lyp^oyiasia Wivx 
•p^Nnya lPoyiiNia iyi^osp5m 
.p^Niya iyP>DyiaNia nypNonsa 
.p^Niya .taaiN lynyaN^'^NPyi lyaPNp 
•P^Niya .taaiN jypaNip lyta^ais -Da^x 
.ay^ ^NaN^^pPiy owd aa«' 
-NT^NaiN yntaiyp kh anayaiNoiyi 
fya^yn ix tyniayaas jyasn ya^yp jyas^ 
Dy^a lyraiN 1111 "tifljipix nh„ jycnaiya 
jypaNiya w ta>a ipn td jyoyaiya ,|N?a 
p,N N^^yiN^a aan lyta^aiN 12 .ia 
lyta^aiN 32 .ia a&^p ^np^^ns ^nds? 
ay^Dayna yn^iyp »nw yryn .NaNP 1 ^ aan 
tyta>na^iya iv n»o nh jyoiaya in jyas^j 
lynna jyDNaND y^y^a ta>D "taaaipiv nh # , 
ta^aiNyaDPN t^n in^s lyiaiN iyi^« 




•TSXJNIS ?*DJJ ; ?^«p 



tf.08) 



.BSJlplX RH 



jKJMtnfi ^oy *?n«p 



-ptdh tie tetany: ynytana^a «h pk nayar 
jynRiiya prMjayi r^ ny «$*¥»$£» PR did 
nynRtapR jyt325 Dyn yunyau nyHRnRS pr 
pr nyayaRtya-'Ha r ,nytaRa vt nyaR .1848 
nRa lya^xyannnR brji ,nRtapRn ny:paywHa 
-pRna taR.n ny yrii /jy^Ra pr nRpiriR^ta 
n.ny? ?yaR.n ons b»vn lirPR rh .ffi^o 
uniya PR ny j**i> ,nRtapRn huh tasnya ay^ 
nyaR r B>:.yo ny^Rnyan pr nyawnynoia r 
drti ,tyayanya tojypy: ta^a d.tk jyaR.n "* 
.dhip^sr i'r ,aaia"» nyn nRa ,nmy* pr ny 
ytaanya p'r you r ryayaya ny taR.n ?mt pn 
.&"* ny^a nyn ns dd'U nyi ^rj ,Ja,irpxny 
"ttRiiRa,, nyn — tyvyvw nyons nypn p'R 
t» TRxaRna drh — ryaa^nyxny yi"T pa 
pr tap-^ya DiTR taRn nyoREi pn P3 02y^> 
tyrR rh urn ,pnRany^ta pa mnsaou cjn- 
nm ytspRmyj ys^yrt? pr taay^ya tir tyaR.n 
n« pr taannnya^R pr i^pdir^d pr Rni 
"nRanRa,, p*R lyiiyj }^>R PR DRT .pPX^Ra 
PR tJ>Hytona>p ^tr nynaRa drh ny tyD^yii 
.tyaynitpya anyay^ 

.dvtrjou dr-i Banayy:i »Rrr ny jyii 
pn tytaytannyivaiR rh pr dtiidp ny taR.n 
lyostpy nyn ry^R.nya^iR pr jym pr rRna 
lyjmxya taR.n dtp* nyaR .drpryhr i'r *pir 
-3r taR.n ny pr .mtaRnytan ix ,nynya nyn ix 
pr ny .ryaaita^x pr jya^nt? ix tyaisaya 
pw taR.n ny nRa .n.nR 1 24 |yuyi d^ r»n 
yt^^ny ya^n pa tR^a nyn p^ansyaDnR 
-»in« ta^Riiya ny taRn nyaR ny.nna .pnyii 
my 1 ? nyrna ya"t rpy tynyt ix dir .tyr^n 
Sy^xyao lyaRfr dppr syrajfi yaynnjnya pr 
."Wiiy 1 ? ya^ytaenytaaH rh taTDynytaau< 
.fjrpR y&D"» rh nyr^ nn fya^aya ny irii 
-asnyatanR ny orh niw ny^D n.nyayaaiR 
,ryuy»n f Ra>iiRpia ,naR^Din-nn nya^R o^yn. 
■tt»n lyon^n .onra pr tynR"t n ^P ."Pi^tD 
R>n pa lyaain.TD Rn ix Dpipyaw taia nn ny 
yaR$» rh tir pr yix'? nyn tannioB' .tyn^R 
pa DRD^tyn nyn pr ,ny&nnynya jny»t tia 
nynaRa ny BR,n lyaa^aRasya yzw vw 




RHtyTR wn*. tSKn n:R^ oyny 
^nRP BRfi DRn— "Daynnya oy 
nyta^ny nyn> .tRxasna ^oy 
^itr D^RQayny pr tany^pny 
yavt pr oa^xyj n^pnnD^R 
tyty'TR oyn dhn jyaa^nyxny 
-nya n PR iyay^> ly^n^R 
Rn^R pa nyony yDDayanR^ 
-aR Qunvi oy tyaRii y5»R tr ,rq 
oaRnaya ny orhi p^r c^nyn .my?m 
-^ya rh tyn ,P^Ra ijw«n»R nyn \yt\i ^y v a 
nn lyaRfr ,tyay^ tyTR yrfyu jyB»iix ,nyp 
P^r »"i lya^r tsa^^a .lypipDinR jyniaya 
-yaw jyaRn >M ya^yn ,n^RDn rh pr an^^ 
tr .tytDS^nya yv:»K ..tyn^R rh lyaynt? 
»Rn nya^yri .nytot^ny nyn iym*a b»j pr ny 
tr ,D«mri8N ynayaRt-^y^a rh. opnnyao^R 
oyi, nRa ^ya^sa' r pr jyn^R pa naRDtjnx nyn 
Why® t»k DRn .tya.nR^ «t irii ,naR,? 
twna nyn nyay^p tau nRa toaRD nRn nyaR 
-a^R.n d^r„ pa nynRanya nyn pa Daannya 
tyeantp ya>n om TR.nyan T>Rnyryn."tynR 
"*n yrn Dyo^nanya ta^na pr »"m ny DRn 
r ,^yii nyn nya^R »»»rnnwi y^nRDD 
ytaia taaRnaya pw idrh ya^yn .ta^nnnRii 
B"¥ nyn d^d tyaayna nRa tayii pr yoana 

.ynyoya 

-ya nyey^D r r>i^a du tyiiya pr ny 
"0/ttjn^ayjrn.nn r ,jyay? pa nyoasaR 
,t5D"3 tytJ'ny^Dna ,, P r d^d ny^yDtrtaan^ 
nyasoyp ny^yny pr nya^ntaio r tir nnaRT 
ny .D^.nnnRii pr DDyn nRa ,p^Ra pn nRa 
-nyxny ya^t i y r hrii f tajyaiajya ou nn drh 
-yy a^taan, ny drh nyn^a-ypn pr jyaatf 
jr>"! pa jyay^ tytanytana^anya nyn tanyn^B' 
-ya n^iR Bsn ny nRa ,nynna ya^yta^nytaa^.n 
y:"i pa ynoRso^c rh. ?ypyiiny « taait 
i^R^RDa^RDU .^Rn^-^iv pr »m ix nyry? 
yayoaR^napn »<o fytaRn^yaDnnR n^Rny 
nytyny pn pa ny^a nyn &n pr nynya 
.ty^oyD^Da® rh jyaya nor> 

t^r lyaa'Hanya w tyoipyao>iR t>r d.tr 



.?«s:«ns ^dj? ^n«p 



(109) 



~ixa vw onyn iyni5nysiy yrn px 
ayi iyt5"iis *iaoxP nyi oiy-i^y:i Tfeanta 
By-i"BnyojiK o^onyn .*in fynr px ryo^x 
yny-nx tin onyaoxp /wrum* pa tt ny 
lyaxn ya^yu ,"iy5yo^oansj> ^qiht^^ 
jyp-i .ryay^ ?y^n^ ayi ttfyopynsB , 
f ?ya8Disa*in oxnyj on p^x ny oxn *ibd8P 
tynv nis tr>yny:i tin oxn nyoxa p»» ryn 
-y: |j/u"njyjy5y:i juyj oxn ny nyax ; nn 
px "yiKJnsa,, px ryoasnoya is orvx oxn 
-yj nn oxn ny o^ii wii .typn yi"? spix 
,nn tym 11 ayn tya^xnyjo^o ny oxn ,twyp 
BTPoxeo^D ■pS'vbiM oxn ny tya^yn o>o 
yoay^ px pySnya xh .jx pnnrp na 
oaiTyj tan nxa ny tD^n tyra xh pa fyo^r 
■toorp 5y*& iv ww px ny .ty»58nya is 
-y^y 1 ? o^n px :poan ty?x» is on cix ,ny5 
-ax n»w oxn ny .?yB*o »j«t tyansa ym 
-rum x o^onyax ,5xo p>8 on »n pa DagSyji 
p»p ny oxn nyax "anyn .tysn&n p* jxo 
-isjx 0",n:y:y5y:t 8H fyrsSyjann on f>xo 
ivntDiD oxn ny .lypmnyoiiK ynyn ?ya'n; 
tyrx pa nypnmyojix xh tyay: oaaoypyj 
-j»x nyosy5 nyn .rys^&J px lynyoin px 
D^sBayny* px jyn^nysny yj"t y^x pa pinn 

■U"K .jyi^K IV iy,B»B&BO*D ODByn s tynya 

,5yw"a dis xm jyjotinyiny m«t pa y: 
,tynnyno is pa tjnnn ,"nyoyn "lis sn„ 
.nins yt^mx nn onyn^E> ny pm 
->dx xh is oayaynyais amx oxn |y» 
px oxn nyax ;phb tyny^ nix lyixox^o 
tyannny is tsnixu ryann pn Tin tyoip?3 
nyn is vs. /'tyn^-a^xn,, pa jy^x rh 
?"p t^x -iy -i^j ."nttfip *iytj' , Kyssn"N-Bay 
w?5»t tjn^n tx .d^ii ^,r» ?yi38iw on ?»o 
d5>8 tinriitinya p« tyr^ans. tysjx: p« ^>r 
»h tyjy: d^ik ~\v BynD o^ pm p« .p^a 
•^.8»iyj # , : -lymyn yiyi trn "lynnnsKJiy^ 
-«n p>k n^a D-iijii ny^D^HJix t« pk fym 
-"k pn oay^ ay *iyn JowinoaMU y^'D^n 
jy^jni on ■^i« ojni nyi ,dvtodp5ub byiyj 
"I on yoD^yn ytn nnJS 18 »a fya^n 
■ynyiDam an:yo» ^n ny o^ni a^ajyny^ 
Iyt3"n3y:y?y33« jik"t« yt^np ta^n oi>d 
■ya »h pk tytSDtf. tvo^noiya ^ik o^n ps* 
,p5nw PN ryin pa iy-u"n 
*ya on t>n o^proyno y^nxnyo^ p»» 
tjwnm pa tyjjnxn?^ or» txniya opjyi^ 



lyo^j nyj^oyj^8 ay*r nyo:is oa^o:yaynya 
jyo^.nnyrjynnx ayn o^o /'jyn^a^n o^k„ 
.^oo^d [yaunay^tt 
-18 T.iK ny osn o^s nya^yt nyi p8 
.""ii8ri8a,. pa tynia^nwa w»i tynsaya 
nyayjD^ns l's oairya ^y osn inw irn 
">tx ayn d»i« iyni^nys-y yo^ny yj"t isa 
•yor« in tMfn nyn .ty^s^^n pk tyay^ [y^ 
yonyoaraiya p« yon^ yryn O'-o orayi 
nya p« tsag^wa* \^m tW"t yn^yn ,tjnm 
.nynna y^o^"; yiy^r pa ryiiyj oyoax 
lyasn "iiwwn vw ryrn ryp8^8S Kn„ 
W"t tyn iyax .oaxTy; tinm wn unf 
lynyr is oay^yn T^njy tya^n iy:ji^nsyny 
tynsyais t^j »i jyasn ,o^yn yj^oa^ sn 
nysnip 8 P« !W"i px o^poxTpnyoanx sh 
yjyi^iya px {ynsi'iyj osynyam o^s 
x^n lyjnyri on ty-roanpy osy .jyaxnaty 
nnxn) ly^iSnysnyyrntiaiynisynyam 20 
ryj^n ya^yn ^^o^h-^h^x px tix nyo 
pa NM1 tyoDnp pa iynsny:i ivw^vs ~\nyo 

.pnm 
~iya x^ii D^nj nt« tynyj px ^xaiy w 
on nxa fyi"T DXii ,-iyp^onp l^ax .oayn 
lyasn ,p»»ya58 px tsnm is jynya ^^j>ne 
_ n x nxa on px Txsixna tx .tyayais onoya 
nyn j^oan onyn^tj' px ly^yo^oana' nyo 
-IV s ? yp^yo^nyo^n px jyvx xh pa tyay^ 
y^oxao^D vix ty:ymya "t rx nviw ,njn 
oxn tyo xm ,oay^ prs on nxa \vw px 
Di?aj^8 nyn nyoaix .o;yocynxa ay Tt 
jro"n x ,_ ; jyasn lyp'o^ip y^o^n x- 1 - pa 
?y» dxii„ ,ryty5 is ty^'xayn^ inx unm 
ny^n on ."jyp^^xa xh ryjyii oyay oa^njy 
y-iy^r tyomya T^nay^Dm jxi »t iyaxn jh 
,-onna ya^p^nix yiy^T ry;yn jyjjn^o 
l^a -nix iixnxa txs imv xh„ px \sn 
m wn jyjypiyjs onoyj »n ryaxn /'jynxa^xn 
-ya nxa jyax^ex on tns^ ry^ y^^yn ,\vv 
^t ^m ^nyoaj^anya jyi^t yrtfyn f py»n 
.nynjy^ y^^oxnx'a^xn px lyay^anya tyi»r 
ny D'rxs:x"ia jyaxn pmj»s rya^yr ajn 
y^x px iyty5 xh ^inx oaxoyj lyjJi^nys 
-»K tinx xm on mtx tyoa'ip finx rwvv'? 
tynya n« \\sntn oxo^nyi nyotny ny~t .?jn 
is tynxaynx W^n ;y:>x yro , H xh tx 
ytya^ipna o>o "typx^xa,, xh ?pix jypip 

.tynx 



(110) 



• BSJlplX rh 



6 



dibpb^bbr pn nnv nyn:n ixn tir B^n 
jnjywi PR jytR^ya b»j to t^P &rpR brpi 
lyaya BRMnBWtrvw tyayHByi PR BBiRiiya 
rh mv: 5y^y&D .DyijRTB pa yu^a yfts 
w^bir wm pa Dyj"« pr .tyiD^yD^Js 
: iy Bny^pny ciBPB'syD^BjR jyaya 
rh tr ,Bjnp Dy tyu ,ws tya»a oy„ 
v5t# iy2R ;brp i'd^ir BnyBtr B^ntyjyn 

HRB PR D>D RH T1R T4H T* *M B^BD' 

3M& B"? i"t? pa TR .D^RnRS nyo^D btb> 
pr junyoyaiya r pr .oyuRns pr Boya 
tir dhri pr »"rHwye njn pa jjtfjnyiya 
»»fnn»i rh .mm pr "i-yp^ya rh pa 

"l myM 

un"5 "iyajj ,imjpi »«mratt rh .r 1 
anyn Rn .tojyn Rn pa j:r5 is Dy tny^n 
Tj^Ra ^a iv pa wiyny-i .phjjir dis .^rj 
-ju tyasByp "Wbh pr jur^> no \vn pr ,B"p 
ird ^yB^yst? r lyainaisain dir ,d.tr iyj 
-5»yTy; iyn pr »»»mrwFii 5nR"iBtj> r i^sr 

.B3Rt? 

ird tD&Boypya brp, trvjr-id 5nw 5t*p 
-lyTRi^mn r d^r ,jyn pn tir B^mnRii 

r>RSi lyaanyp jyBD^SRD tb .jr^rjh^r 
pr imny td< lyaR .ajm nyiJR jr tir itr 
-aHe/'iR pr T^nny b:"b drii uny> tytDDs 
iv ,Pto Din lya^yn is BaynBts> drii ,pd 
nytoDra Btnyn Dy irii Ban jyB'HBEHya 
Dyi:Rna pa iri rh lytyyv jya»n» is ,d'j 
?ys"iR.n nnu*j Pa tb pymyn dhrt pr 
— : c>ir tyan pr b'ib tyi v B"snHa pn 



jypjynjR nyrn jnny 



.nsip .a 



nya^R p^BDHBy^ya b^d b>j tir pr ?yay5 
r pr iRBpRnyn r jyny:i tir pr ny .db^w 

.nyp>BH<> 
iv br.i ,typn yj"t T4J n^Ra ,1877 pr 
■pRijn TiR Ban ny irii ,tyii pr Bsytya Tt 

"DR3 ".M1B3H yB*lHBDl?'R V^ RH„ BTO 

irii r p?nya ^rj tw»wwT»an« ny brh *vyn 

l"i BDHBjyaynya pr jyayn^yjjR brh ny 

-BJy ,"BDyi BB1R F1BBRP R„ IRBRT lyDMU 

.R^iiRpia pr \wm pa jyay^ Dyn pa lyou 
jyiRiiyj Bsynya^R i^R2 t^r irbri iyw, 
iyo^*w r Bsn-ya brh pr lyaRia^ y^a p« 
-Dya p^t pr ori tr ,ry:Rt ryp jy» j^any 
nypR ny^iiiRpia r pa sibdrp njn .pnyii yB 
r b>b Biyn^^y: pr Bajn pn n^a nyna 

-RBB^D DmJ B'B TIR PR *T:Rmy»D"D 

t v r pnyn ytr^BHp yj^r pa .p^Ra dis wrta 
"shb' rh nya>R aji^JsnaR pn yBDya dr-i 
■^b ir"ijrp bd^rbri ty^B^n Djn pa ryB 

.■>y 
jyjji^nysiy id r jyayn^yajR brh *iy 
PR ty^Ria yiwvnw nya^R ry^p^ns pr 
-BDiia r rviiya tM»im»a^ t^r ny ,?yjJiB^s 
^>y^a Bjypy; t^ b^rii pr nya^ntJ' *ijn.R2 

-fiHfii B^J DH^R B^Rll BMB 1V1 \VY\ ,iyB«C 

HRBB^ya pr ly .niR pa Ba^nyapyiiR r»»nt 
.nniR 1 55 pa nyB^R pr brjrb tyB^y^ iya 
ny:n^R ir ty-pna nyaR ly^yn piyn yi»t 
-rh yD^yn r iy5n^Bw y^yiy rh ir lypjynjR 
ya^yn jysBU rh ir pr .B^yyrya &TR tya 
-1HDD": pn b^b pJ'Ra pn BDRinya brh 1 iy 
.nyiya jnjyvjy^j pr ys 
PR ,B^yn yiyoya r. v» ds^Jj^j brh ny 
nri'Rii pa ;yn Djn pr ,bbiipis yanpHJ r 




.D"mB 



(ill) 



.cmB 



.mo d-.i jptn lya'H aaittn$B2»« 



nnBBnyrvi pk mo ar ~iyn ?>k ,-innK 

DOT ,Dj; DD1P K>11 .DD"a tJ7B»TK CJPT- D 1 ^ 

i^aK aarwiya jyiiya jyrn y3?yn ,jyrK 
w ytt^K']/: ny^r pk jyaarvDxa ya"5p 
va fyaxn .jyiSDjnyv yDDny d*» py"a 
aauayn kh Km .o^njyny^ya ya^taa^ *?tk 
bw&wk ,aaiDa*riya nyanaytM^sB k pa 
-ya njn ? ama kmi aitrav-fyvK^a ktk 
-n ^kios* prw nyp^np "wtk nytDDrm 
-nsvya D^nnyn tjn iv„ : D3jn d>d- Dajns va 
ZiytySny ny"t iv d"P3h5ib> nym utvk jy5 
imfe d^d DayaK» y-iy^r w tyaKD^ «t b^" 1 

•VJDDyD "T TB DOT OlTD KM 1 * ,l«VI PK 

^v w^rt isa pk >n:» im smi pk d^/dk> 
ktk pa lypaynaK aw 31D av d^k (*? J«n 
wtk ^2 cms dot D^mayayaya ■uepedmi 
5»a5 .hdb otii D"-w»5"fi ktk wsot DB-isnya 
tjT^fe? tin \yn .niaa ny-tK myi3ti> kmi ninsn 
•y; kh d^j ?>k nnDX n^a» tk .lyonyaaK 

D3"^3 31D BV lytH jyil PK ,DmB pB )?BOn6> 

•w »>:■ ny Diynya pnuowii nyt^T'R x inx 
■•■>*!.v« k pa d-o ny dcip ,dd"h dot .IJtpk 

.-i1PD \W 

px ?k pk jypanB ^rn bid or k ny"B 
■>tk ayn d>d inatnyTii p 11 ? b^a ti *v»a 
-ya v?y$vw ?ya-"t jyvx »a .ijttwrwa liw 

ty-rx .iyDX3nya tyiiya d^ 5>so P" 1 ? ypayno 
tyv .msp^D jypanoya mno^ tix p/axn 
ia85> ayaya^x nym pk tyiiya ^sj jyrn "t 
typintD pc taasrtDjy t^j Tt lyasn »t p« 
-»ya lyi^iiy: jyrn «t k^ii nyi ^^: ^^s 
•a^v «t ^>n«!iin«: ,nyp^ya kh jyi^m to^nac 
.D^pjioyjD ny^T o^d c^ix ny~: pn t* iy: 
«nj?» 11335 anjpyontt jynyi \yvx iyp rye 
pc «i*ii nny» d^ t^n D*n nynx ,3io dv 
pk l*>itp pa pyiiv nyn va wii .y^sojnys 
,i>>xni yaw dkt pk ,npa dik nioia yaiK 

.K"in ,iyni ,nnrN n^jo ^ nnso (* 




n y b> s 7 ^ k pa iy&n$ .{^^ 

-^ya^2 pK yoa^ya 

nyi jyj^r lyp^np 

t^k nma tk ,33«"d 

nv ny^n^K p>p D 1 -: 

tk ,iyo^Kn »>t .aiD 

.jKtny^a k t>k dkt 

Ijh^k kh lyD^yii 

pk pk nyenys kh pa jyouyjiya^K tyawn 

■^k tK Ta ony^pny d,tk o^v iy: pa nn^ 

nyi pa jyan:y> cj p« jjii^n yrn .ny:yj 

"'W&tyz ya^yn ,yT ,s iiya ki \v:^i Dy ;oai5 

.KM |W 

-^;jnyo;iK yrtyv .yr^nya-Dann kh 
•^^^ns^niK pk nma tk .m^n kh iyv 
vvi jyrn ,3io dv nyt^TK \»p jyny: o>j 
pa iyopKn-83 lyjnya^i *iyi (i : ny^a 
; :ko tytn jypano iv jhjo nyn (2 ; nma 
vnyvyy nyi pa tD^pa^j^ennsiiiJiK ht (3 
kh dki ,opKa nyi (4 ; iriDK n^j» pa 
-y> o>; nnoK n^:» jyaxn n>o3n y^mK 
5yii ^^k .iia Dizain d^k iy:ypnyj« o^kii 
ny i^o^t «t pk tyiynymiv tyopjis yrn 
3kh tk nya^yii i^k ,;:i:-n^ iyn pk ryny^P 

.tyayayj m "i 
d^io n^ 1 yw^a'a yt^n^K y^K pa 
tyr^ v n _ D^ i»T o»o d^ik ama in tajya^v 
-Kn ni3D ,niyi3^' ,nD5 Tajnnjm .nyttP8i83 
ony^ay; ijnyii pk wnp k tj diik jya 
iy;ny3Kii k ams okh ,DD^ny ami tanD 
k Km pi^a oiy^sy: o-iyn pk iyopK"iK3 
tjn>K ytt3£ns kh jko lyroDi^ nya^tD^ 
.Bony njni o>o 3io ar tyrn ;yo3x".oy3 
nsJSi lyn^K ^3 nx iy^ia pk i:k^dii pk 
KVDKnn .KDjs'nia V2 anis„ :5yonyn k m 
fx anis,, :taa*»"»ta ayc^yii ,"k3kikh3 ya 
."pa ,, np p^P t^; p« nmp ,3"ita av i"? ta v a 
pa ytaa^ya kh tk .ijronyaaK $w iyo iyn 
n^ao pk ta^nyviy taiyn cy kmi t>k ams 



(112) 



.Ds:ipis n-h 



tyayn |tn Biyiain nya*R Biy*ayn lya^yn 

VB tt>*¥?nRB X B*a .flWffi JPiWBTmt PR 

?ytn »a pr (i) ayB a^Bas iik B-ijnam 
V ? 8 D^V ?"8 IV *TJJttin\3« tw"t B"if$mso 
,tr » ,*-a*nD inia**ra 127 rh ps yBBRya 
a*ayp ayi BjRpyaaiR nynna t s k lya^yn 
ty3^a*ayp on p* dpir tt Bny-n .nni^nx 
w Tt BaatBjy iy pr rvsna r rpi "pin 
iyi T^x nyaftm .ty'ion re Bpysoyi tyaya 
-Dytf'ii nyi .a*ayp Dyi *qRa aaR.n pr , u , tt"iiaf 

RH R y ll nya^TBRa T^R iRDRiniTCJ' TyO 

lyvaRa njn pa .nnok n^*ao pa yBa^tyya 
■yj TjrraiKtt B^nyvnyn lynyii ay irhi ,5ya*3 
.ynSBD'-'n "lyf-H re *y3**5a p*p RB*a pr ,a.ia 
PR t^yppiyii^R fv ,5yae>"3 are ,nDa 
a-aiB^a^ rh pr man rnyx k-h -- d^dj 
yaawa iyi pa ip'y nyi nyaR — a* pa 
nya pmya pr p^rb r :*iya*5a**t , nnRP r pr 
BKpfltaio « lyBaiR ^^nay pr pr pyBByap 
rh .By^iaya -p* pw 'yaRBcyaspR ^ytfpa 
B*a tt dpir rph BR>n ama pa yoa^yj 
■«t lyB^nftrea^R y^s .nyiaiRinyapv p*p 
jyapn «t nyaR ,^yn W'pa nyn pa *y: 
u/bpi fyo snsn ayi nn r .*ysy:?p re t$ cj 
ya*B-iyiiBPR dw P- 1 ? RB*a un*n ay dri 
ypm nya^yii -iaya*PN pa ty^t drp ,?y?yup 
.nnDR n^*ao pa yBa^ya rh tyy^tjnymiR 
-RiRnyn "a ppDiya pa ynRBO'-n iyi pr 

?P1R tjnjJR JiR pa .RB*0 ~1DT p>p -iW PR DIB 

,nya"wyD3w:i lyryH .iy*D*-iya p« ty*PR 
pa lyoRa ijn„ b^r Bonnya pr nys^yii 
?yaB^a ayn pr Bny^ya br,i ,"nypnsBb\n 
,B"¥ iyn "irj niP ,.ip n«a BiynjimniR 1 
■yj brh niam d'idh pa yBa^cy: rh tyn 
"a Bnyii ^ri pr .(****tyDipi»a BaiR-: 
DiBR-Riyn .BSnyvnyn b^ irj panyi DiTr 



tnty ;n ,b *7not .t) yjnayp ytr'ti^s yipnyo pe 
«n bm^ tin n'buo i^t jis ^iiotk ijn .(' ,n 

465 pa 486 ]is Qiyjyi ta«n nya^yn ,DyDpiyop 
.idnh ;j;o lys'byn ,apjis-Dta^nJN ij?t .ip ins 
Dan ,(t ,a nriDN) "n^n ntt*N„ lycnyn xh ij?3"t 
Ijtt ' T _ iyQ^y d'' 3*ni3 *in« y3JNi3 tan** in tan's^a 
-ij?s ytaDiy nh i*s pn ]ynyj **nt iy3*?yn r tt**p 
**N3 ]yi»N ps jjip'tt'i'/s Nn .*?aa i'n yjyanta 

,1p INS 586 p« Ty^TB^JirKtCtS' taNH **33 



,noR ,min nnn^ .o^Rajyiy^ nna» pa b.*j 
njypriB fynyt ^soyajsB ty-pR fyn {yp 
t"p b*j **r i*a pr Dy iyaR r nvDij> pa 
.aiB nv tyr^T. rypina iv ^y*a ptr a 1 * n 

.D-iy*7JR PJRJ PR Dn*i3 pR lypJnB DR1 

B"p:yTR^y piyi Bjy?5 oy drp .ayi lyo-'iR 
ayn bp^ oy t*r ,nm^ pa BD*n: ay pr 
:(a"y 't n-juta) bjrt Ran .BD'^a r *ipr iib^d 
yr r^t iy Rniaa roiDa^ ^tr a^mo,, 

ty»„ :BJ'TB DR1 ,"'3-1*13 *1113^ jBHi W« P3 
PR fpyPIB IV D!IOdOd1!I2 PS 

■JiR ryjyp b*: ^rt iyo drt ,^b ptr ame 
ion 1 1 1 r lytRia *- 'y^Tiv tyn^tnyB 

pnynaw b^j pr .* 3 1 1 o *q. 1 n a pr 
rib: rh Bjpna p^r lyBiyii yrn b^b 
btibdi^'k drii ^yve^^a r **: *ir: i".5a 
•iny; piiri ama bir ?yppiB bri B.tni R*r. 
rrnyD r ?ipr dri ,*q^B5w B^nynyi s 1 ? 
,B3RByj fyaRn Rin *3i pr nan dr.ii ,Dms 
DRi .lypjiiBya pt.r tyiRiiyj lyBony *ijn t*r 
iv ai*n r (**.By^ipyj jyB**iw D,y*7 BRn *iy 
,bir yi^ii rtr fipr pr ,nn3*j> pa ryppiB 

DS1 PR BD'*J jy^'l'R Dyi B*D B*J BB'B:*? 

-nyiiR ^«r jyn 'y*i**D ,iyny^piy b*j *^.*r btr^ 
r lynyj i^jp-ia^-iiR t*r anis tr ,ryc 
n-yBBnnya nyi .bib dp 1 y b* * a 1 y a 

K'm^n .lyriRa wirbbm iy^*^jy 
•yriR lyBJiR ty'onya iya*R b;rt ,irdp^r*i 
IK jypya p/biri r*R mw )( : pts ryast yi 

PR ,"inR* pR 5i&:"X .IR*V1B*BDPR B1R 
•23**; pa tatc iyi) DRnnB'B pa 31B BP Djn 

■yj ry*B"iya ps ^2VP ivi vk (taN^-i^n iyi» 
.nia*^ t'M iv B.y b a ■» .5 a "1 y a tyii 
-yia^ya iv anao nyp'Dy^R ir tynya pr ay 
di s bp'r By- iyBPR ;y*:RT ypBsm y*?$ ?y3 

,(***p*p, pa 
rh a£s iyBuyjjR Biyp idbr ii^*jd 
Biyp y3^yp ,wjd rh .ama pa yaa^ya 
BRn .B^nyviyi 11a iy^*^3^3 jyrn j*r nyaR 
-B'trya WW r*~ .B^mnRii pa f**c ayi b^: 
.t^ni^nR .m&VB Raa r rp*. syay Baa^p Vi2 



taNH nai tn ,iytfl»ni tojj»na xiq^ xn (** 
Nin *2i i*n taN^ is iNntayj n^sn uniNO ?,nN 

TJ1N ta'O DNH DN*7 1*;2N .lyiNlip ^Hy2*;*7 T'N 

! jNnta is ta*a 
1'j ,"D*pl*ONtt raiyu lynyo i m„ (*** 

.357 .: ,2 i:n2 ,p*in« 



9 



•cms 



(113) 



sni ,»"p;.^"n pa yaies? un iv lya^nny 
px £"ii ,5ya«a nyi pa Y^a y-iy-ns kh 
n pa nyj"K p % p oansDiyn b>j dyjii yfk 
."(B»a pa) jyoyj w»$«n 
■yii osyryjis y^j no Y^tyiyii yrn is. 
: d;«t nya^yn ,nis .yt pa uupd kh ?y~i 
nfao nyi px d^ Dmp dx: pa iyo$2 iyi 
iy .dbvi 5i5n x jyny; dS$h D*n nanD 
TjEpnei nyi D*n ,Y£S2"x onain dj^d 
jysuya u:ypyi t^j yj D^n rnSue nyi pa 
■5yii .yDa^yj x p» dxj pa tyD$2 ayi t^o 
nya^yii pw .ytaa^yj s px ,ddx lpj px ya 
nytsyn d5x y^xn p'p D^y'S^yj d*j dxh DX2 
ttfsu nnia pa yoa^ya xn jyu .11 .t .x 
n^jp px D^nysTj; tnyii xn Km iyuy:i 
.ny-yum x tytyiiyj y^pyh o5su rinax 
U/yx ,xh jyaxn max px "Oyid ddki! 
.rypjno ,ryay is r»i?a jxd tyryn Djxry^x 
tpi dtxu pu< t»p t^o- px. ypjy^yj typ^ 
BBPti px tyPJXi utfsr "I tb .ojnsonjn 
ny ya^yu ,nyi&?" xn yb 5xyj" pa dxj ayn 

.BPWJ »»t o»n 
»ny?p"iy ,ms .ti /nyansB nyoma nyn 
o«s *iyn p* : dix |jruytf*fi yix nnia 
tFTK lyjpt 5aa nifti pa D"s -ijn Y42 tut 
trujiiy:. natfaj^xya aan^n nyiy^^yn px 
tyasn »? ya^yii ty^us .tyjx'sx: xh pa 
xh pa p^tDpstD xh jyryiiyj px ay .Day^yj 
oun:o y^ «h tyonyjisas D>oan yc^Yx 
-yj Dy jyaxn «t «mi ,o"ii »n* P^sa pa 
*un .t^^^yi ny^t pa unKt^ ?n^ oiyp 
p« nnia aiD nv nya^n^yvi px nya^nyia 
ytj'H^ nh .Day^ya nnyt txniyj tih^K "a 
arpK lyDs^ya tyasn ytD*iny5yro:»^^jn 
px tynyns jytoa^^nyj s DWiey tyay^ iv 
-yj nyi id^jd tyuianya nyanyn nn^» rya^n 
iya«n «t awm tw^tk lin pa yoa^ 
pa tt$i pa iyojj2 nyi tyr^y:D^K nyatj 
D«n 5«n .yaa^ya yDasnoyjD^K nyryn 

.ynstsD^n w^s pa wiga s ^»: 
-yj i^janBB'niK P'« ama : taj^r ,jyrp .Yi 
-»n tin^s tya^yii .aits uv lyvpnpfi s ?yii 
p« nyoya^ ps iy>onys p» tyouyjjs tya 



pa ryb"pj'2"5p ynoyi^D kh eyaanya 
■yij« iv ?y;jiny^ya 5nrn p« -ly^Diya kh 
pk D'>n:yay:ya iypi ww\ px ,nyp^ya yi 
"i^t:a , ii 8t« .pjiKTj k i^ax $m nrp« »*a 
f yD8"i x lyaa^iya is r^^a nyi kii ,^a 
■yajiK tyay^ayj &: an^x "a o^iya 12^11 
.yasnasn'D x ryv,y; ts^ii d«i ?yv, ,t3pny» 
pk .tan^Dsa t: 1 : dkh ^ist sts ,st5s ,tyn 
pa iyp;yii8 ai* aiD av p'P D'i ams "»ijn 
.ta^njyayiya nya^oa^yji ny^^TK x 
.ty'niyb is ^y^a si yd tyasn dsh y/j 
tnjp tys^n ya^jni ,a^Dan yo^x ynyrjix 
-wi ,a^»'n Y^a ryo^uwa ^ya^a nyi pa m« 
pa b'W«s« kh p« B^yB"iisyj vw tya 
:(»"y 't iTP'jd) d:st kidj kh .y^ds n^jD 
nxDDD nrs y/idx ^xidb' yjk fniiY an yds,, 
nna ik^ nnax ^xiDtr laDT xid^d^ an^n nx 
p« d;st rriw an,, :.n .n ."rnoio enpn" 
nncx n^JD dkt ,^id^ pa jyDNJ am 
■»t is ,Yjyn kh d>j d j ^ 2 * •> -1 j 1 n n y a 
(nnox d^jd) y/ok is ,D^n 5kidb? dni ,?yj 
...."cnipn nn i'd'-d unsnya D^sryj d>j pk 
Pk ty^yD*^ ya^yr^. yiyinyD yt ryreyj ay 
cj asn v'n iij .iiDxiyD^ "lytj^raxi -«n 
ty^^isjx di'k .nya^a kh YJxa *un< iyD:i« 
nyax sn typ y^k .ty^yDtf> vvi y^dppb 
pa ciDv ^kid^ nyoiny^y; ijn d«ii tyjj^Ya 
>:a^> tWD?n nai„ pn j>k v:v \vvi p« oasr 
noil noaoi,, ^»5dw d:st iy ."^y^^ 
'o^nn ^aa YD^na niana u«bn> onoKo 
a^ainan pa nnax n^ao n^ap nrpi"w hkyj 
Idhj hn) p"jyi aim .^i^ s ^Dan^ nB'p 
inatD n?ym -nsnm ma i»inn (toamp 
o^npn didc'd at^ it ni^oa -dm fctSty ^a.^ 
nna ntynp ni^yoa nni^y.Y; a^sn rn k^ 
nyn yryn pa 33isyr>ya»« kh (5) ."vnpn 
■d^i« ynyinyo tut xnyY^yo pa„ : t^k ivq 
p» a^oan ynyiiis pa tyjawo y:yax"2tyyj 
.?yo Dnyr »d^iy pk ^aa yd>d p« r rrun 
tynya a^Dan y^>Y« «n yb ps ay dst 
s:n \yw\w inwt n^ao tyony2iSB ,| ut nyiiw 
arm .oan^ w5»n iyn pa nya s a injnjK 
pnxaw ayi tyayn yt asn ^ttbainp tana 
nyDiyn ypn pa Dtfe> nyi ptt Dnyo^nanya 
o^snya d^j h^jd yiyn D«n tyo csn ,pk 



*^p«wy„ pr "nnDN,, ^yp'BiR p« B"jm»s (G 



.Y'iin R3^n ,^Ri«y» 1:2b coin 'nan (5 

.133 .t .a"n 



(114) 



.BBJipiX RH 



10 



-«vntD-DniB n iyi:»na ^183 m Sim T8 
Sk nna»„ pn pk pan *kidb> pmp pa yn 
,03^38 ijrr pa tik pr ny ."nnoK n^» 
nyaK ,aiD dp "wh»k p*p du pk dhib tk 
p\i ,Ywn ajnitfpny ynin38 n«3 8 t3>a >y 

"»Bnp»B8 RH *)PK Dv>Diry3 PR i^V^V 

pb as lya^nyaSim (9,-inDR w tya3ivypv yt? 
~iy nin taM^> .n!?UD nm pr wtfnyvny nyn 
8 limya ton pr ,ty33ivynv ytn p« Jitfnyv 
-jmtjnya 8 taasoyi tasn dkp .nyjuriyiMie 
,?y>oiya ryayj pr iVnwnR r^y^ mvi 
pr iDh pr I8^a nyn BpinyaanR mn 'ano 
lia 33it3yn ytn ay^iv .r3yb> pn ijrwuu 
»8.n 138^ pryasa p't pa p« t«nys p»t 
yrn a*n Snyaya 8 jyayjyjo>n8 btpbtir 
8 wr tyts^pv y» t^^ayj Dy„ : nytnyp 
pa smon ta ion pr tyo83 pn ,-vy-tEina 
w y» twptfny t-t mm ny ...lyjjnyvKD 
lyonyj w ,pnnt3 p>a pa ?yvyra8~i8 fySyp 
w tyvmys jyayamya'K pr ...tyay5 |"» 

"UfD^« "WPK EtfRT ,8^8 ...WSnytfSB 8H 

ny"» tw "vw pa dhid b*b> ynyi38 rh 
tmiiBTiK drh Snyaya jytn ."arb iyrn 
&*3 .nunn yi»M pa -lypSya, y$8 w jyayaya 

.P^8 ty~PK IV 183 

ty^n Ba-awyrw yti"anp8S8 rh n**3 
•318 yamyiaya^ pa fyisny: tyaynwa 
Ta tyti^nya tynyp pr nyo^anya yajRpya 
nya^R 5"n» typn lyo^R jpTvmap^mR 
^83 pmivynv rh ty3"t J3nyptnya o'nan 
.nriDK n^a» rpy iyaynt3-iya<K inyD 



-nya ayn pa pimv nyi pr .iruy* miry* 
lyase iv nniyi P8 nnDR n^aa pa nyD8a 
(7 .p»oya.?8 nny» ait: dp jypn 
"8P>Dpyp ny^»8jnayn nyoDnnya *wt 

PK DH1S T8 ."iy5J^> PK ,DDTa DY^P ,n8*>3 

ny ;aia Dp-D33^nna nya^Dnya 8 tynya 
Dyn pk n^aKT 33i3^yD^ya vy^P k iDi-'aya 
■d^k njn pk pk "nia„ ?jn .DDa^yr ty»83 
DnKii lyB'^Di.ys oyn ^v ^»5any ^pa yasna^ 
(8 ji^nna toy d^ nya Dya^yiv r "n8na„ 
P8 yD38DynyD3^8 i'8 nnyr t^k myi^n yrn 
Tin .Dya^3."«nn8P' ospisy Tt pk osn 
-ywiK ?ya?yn pk ,>nB8 t3838D'D33^nna 
y>yifl ^a pk Dny^ayi onjm onia nnya 
Tna pa t3838» 8 uniyj -\vrtyz yj^^vi^a 
lyDCiy Djn tyasn nyom kh .lya^anya pk 
Duyu iua5> D-iy^ay: d»38d jym pa 3813 
pn in nyaftm 18 ,(yay^ pa ptoy; kh) 
»n ta«rr *nt383 nynayay^DnKnyry^i nyn pa 
pk ,?yD t3p3jn .lyDMT kh pa .t3ny3>K-iy 
yny-i38 iw iv ty33i?3y3nya^K i^o lyrn 
TK .KiaD « t^k oy .ivp 1 ?^ ytr^KyB8T , K 
?'8 pk ^>ns8 lyei "lyptoo^ Ty^iu«n *iyn 
-D33^nna tyi'ta^visa 8 pa DDymya s 8 
t>K tt ^8H 38t3 nya^D^ nyrn f ai» dp 
-ya ts^o DjyD , '''vy3D ,, iK jyc^v yannyiTna 
-KStJ' kh pa ny3"K .is^ppdd^ nynyn38t 
,j8nt3anK 38t3 jytn t3:y^»a jyo dkp ,tj?d 
no83 k k^i\ jyv^o^K lyviaiVD^iK timya pk 

"*iy D8*T .335/3 yt3Dia tlMK jyp^ DiTK ?1K 

■ji'&rDnis bwtk ayi ?8 ^y^a t3iy:^K 

ny? 



aaisynya'H ytyiKpayn p« $t iyi'n nt (9 
."iDDKT *2*ne pi^n,, ^yoia I'ljroiiK 

Hipppens. 



.^yp'tai« lya^yt p« (7 
."me,, Biyii oyn i^u 



.mo ]1« pNH 



33nn«any pa pitatyu^^ Djn ^ik 



|ypjyiV3 «h lysisty jynyn 
)yp3ia ly^fnBtr |j;b"^ ny3ia 

•8^8? ,nyp.3yn 



11 



•BB8twyD , ''n p« tav^^K^^s: 



(115) 



XBK»jyD v n ft* BJND^KWXtO 



-3snya "t pa inv .fytanpjnyw y^8J 
•jik ,13"! yjyvi&njjB 8 pa y3Kna kh D^y- 
PK .jnsntsyo ynjn3itya 8 to *wk aainyD 
*»myB rim ios^ — y3yj"K jnrPK is ddip 

.lyDKttfitjn y^y; 
jaru ytj»38583Dy kh P8 yDtj'-iy kh 
-ya nyp^ya pa ynnyS kh) .lyDBK^yoni pa 
eax-iDya 8n (.D^iD:yp~iyp^ya na ,33ia"Y<? 
mt383 p» ynjruirya 8 kmi avvivd ay- 
-y» ivi to dttk ttfy-UKiiya pk. D^yaypya 
.tyBBBB>3yDni-YiB83 yjna^K y^s na jnsnu 
km .tt B5ypMiB3y "coyo,, D^yaytpya njn 
,wiT na iysByry3"HB83 kh BamyB3iK 
,1385 ,bs»^p ayi is Tt lyossis ayi na 
-nyanyp kh b>b i8nB is B$n km ,.11 ,T8 .8 
,bmh na ansa kh kmi ,jnjpenyB3iK ya^ 
tym^a y3]nyany& kh ,tyjMK pk i88n 
.ty^PDio kh pk ~uwiyD3iK oyi .mo pa 
IJHjiainjnuiH yn.YK na pyns nyn .11 .18 .k 
-••tDDnpy Dy wdki ya^yu ,rycPD^ya is pk 
?yDB"oyj ijni .ivdki y3"i ry^n *iyii ,ty~> 
-3M1 D^iya fjw*n iyjjiBn$B3w yirrK 
is ^snyiDso nyDi: 8 ,B38Dy-iyD3'K ,3^b 
ny»M ,tyDKi y:yi^-iys nya^K iy5"fiB*iiK 
typ is nynx .tyB^prnya pk Tirapm&a 
? yimz yfcjipitgj kh py£Djy"iya km 
TO yo*n pk ,D3yDtny .bo dmw n»J 
yos^83Dy kh .ikskj dkii ya^ymsn do 
-83 jyayii \ir.v\ is do Bayn p»p to bkh 
tyj^o nyp^K^Bjycsn kh ,noK .tyjipx 
ny^n pb lyDSB^iryn kh ty^u «? .tjnirus 
Vik B3yD8i3iQ nyn "ike ?ya8» BBKBoyoMi 
TO dkh tDjyoKUiB ojn *hk .p^b^kb pa 
iyBiny5y3 WMMsana *ijn in** 50 nsa 
-5yii 18^ ,ymjyno vi o^yD^y:aMx 8^bkj 
kmi ^nvn &: vx ynKtso^n yv:w kh iw 
-i^-ij/q ty^Miv yssoyp pb ^"tkbd»p» n*h 
~vp »t ,:ra"K jyrn tyoKi kh .tyasi yayn 
iw jjwnsiDiSa Tin ma tyin.^nya ti tv^ 
"5ip 8 ryaw ix i^ya ph yosi yo^n kh 
v?8 iytD.^11 bkii Diyii P^8 km "iyax ,*mj 
yicjnB pa mwdis tin jyanuniyB inya 

.tDi^a 




.1 
-8B nytsan ,iypi» 
-ya8^a pk Tjrp»o»$ 
?yj^D2y^ya iyi8D 

PK DE8 tD^^X 1»t 

-8: in t^D DDJiy 
.yisna iy58J8*sf 
iyo epiP uny^Bnya 

dkii ,iy^3yo iyD8» kh lyayj .did 
tfx pk d>3bik y^8 nMK jysrtya 

"83 iK'l ,0101^838^83 Dyi "iVWQ 

ty3^B.y3 ,ty:3i3yiD^ pk ty^n^yj y^8:8^ 
-3yj yt33yianya iy3^i 08ii .ya^^u t3 v 3 vt 
wo"i "iyt3Di«iiya in .ya^yt kh pa w: 
-i8„ ,tt B38^pya ,y&^3 '.myna hktk^b 
8h ya^yii ,33i~iy&"iny w'ppmp 8h nya 
B38iay33 i n8 pi^ bkh ny3v-8» y?83«^Ki 
p33»na pk 8B8~i ,, 8 pc nyp^ya «/»■» tyt^ii* 
■iyBDi8 , iiy2 nyn ".pn-8 two t^>8 , =!8.". 
,o ,, ayD^38 pk nya^n^taa^ya twwi 
_ yj ty?838 , V83 ajn t>ik tJaysyn f ypB>iD>n» 
.nv^yo ytDa8it3y3cnK ,yBDia kh ix„ P38~ 
."Q8P ayi iyoy^8 lynjrmya dkii 
-38 ty» JTflo v'ix iya8 jyi«t ^Kt p*k 

D8H ,^n Y By3 ^838^83 iyn„ T8 ,\2:v^J 
-83 pk ,iyay^ iy^D^83 pk tas^K tDB'nyn 
-D3y nyftnittfip nan pk pk ^n^ay3 jy^^y 
t>k nyp^ya yu^KysKi^K kh pb 33i5pmi 
.(nyoan) ."Djn3ytJ'4mya>.K ,oy"3 Dyay 

nHK 1 tyDl9 PK yJ8TB y^838^83 KH T8 

,nvi pb ryo »nyt ,oy"3 8 oysy pk aijruin 
pa tyB8t8^a yoMia k.h pa ~\v)"P D81 1 

"8T 31&3M1 *18B ?yD?8ny3 DO D8H ,18 D38P 

D3KO yon83DMK t'8 .fyj^DEytyya is t» d^d 
■nnir* iyei9 pa tiKtK^a *iyDm3 p^k *ii3 
-y: -iyDDi8ny2 iyn ,iyamo .xrmhsi ,D^y-t3in 
-8^*83 8h„ : 18^p PK nip D38t ,iyDiny? 
."D-iyn3in-inK> iyt3iK is Diyny3 Dyo^83 
ty^DBycya dkii tyDB8^3^DMi mn i^k 
-3nys3"3 ayi tynyny: ,y3Kna nytyn && V* 
tyaKD tyDBsc^yo^i »m jDunaimnK 1 ryD 
-8^*3 kh nyBD3y-iya is kmi f oyM3yt3jna 



(116) 



•tDBJlpl* K*H 



12 



KH 1KB DO T1X PK ,DO D.TX t'K .tXTiyt 

do 5x» v>P ]vmp vd nya» .aftm yvaxi 
-vara nyjoyii nyn rs f ijm*5w px fyofcri 
^xt nypnsD^ px nyatfp nyjo^ii ivt ,ny.< 
.ynynax an pa DpnnnyDJitt nxanyn pn 
-xynD-jyDsn ytao^o n nyax ryaynDB> ivny,n 

.nyp^Dyi 

tynxynD-tyDxi xn px yox^Dy «n 
-XJ xn n»atMFi3ffli px tynySpny do \y:y* 
two nyax onoiina axn .yjxna jfatfip* 
.BrBBWwytP'ii pa yam: ytPox5x ,, ¥KD an 
.(BaxB^yTyji nyanssoyo nyn pa ynny?" an) 
wn d^d jints iv pw nun yox^vxD an 
BSrpa ,Dp:yn dxii .ooyaypya d^x tjwwya 
nxa n DainyDJix an ; tyjuxSnya Dxn px 
.jyDxnv ryay^ \moVD ya^yn nyDiix ,tyo 
-tjfSSJ ''its xni ,Dny5p~iy yox^vxD xh 
-"x-iya tynjm «r mx wyi ,rynyD^D:jy jy; 
-jyspy y»BTj»aw pa nynsya xn yvn djo 
ymwiny} an Tin .ryaynyD^x y^'o 
-jw D-iyn 0x11 ,nyDDnpy »n n^a non5e 
ynynax d^d px niDXJ nyjnsp nyn d>d Dnrra 
ay mi ,wnsa yotf^vxc «n .ryana 
Dya^nj ,tyaxnsiB> ya^na in B#pwtMy 
-x^xd wn msa A .n .x f twa»t ya^na ,Dayn 
ya^yr xn xm ,dodd ya^yrx ?yaxn yoitf 
-"ft ya^ytx i^ax ,aonap px ?yan ^mee? 
nnyn ,nor^x nya^nj x xm ,?yD"p:io 
.ts^vxj k tia Mio»oe^a *n ik& ijiD^nya 
nyD^ix px dodd yannyanyp ,hh nyn^x 

mn iik rx ,nw any* yox^vxD xn 
triyii Mmonya px nnns yfcwyg: 
o^anya ynynjx, yny^ xm — ryanyjDnnx 
,ayn Tin — rypjyo' lyaiu yvjw pa asr 
■8M"oyj ,ya>^j nyojiK tyTDDnpy »*t dkvi 
y^^»sjspy w»$a ,^a diip ,ryDynyDrx ya 
-iHya-DJx^pHsne «h Tvn .lyoynyD^x 
lynyn dix tyny px, »«x nyny^ tie jyjji; 
ddx xni nnypnya pa d^six xh oo^twya 
d^d yj^x "^n ry:;y;ya iv^sy» »«« x^n px 
■pinxna xh cix tjwitD "T xm ,ynyn:x x^ 
E>"3*i8 nyn pa tix ,D^anx nyn pa fyo 
px nyDDnpy («n nxa tiaoxp nyn .p»?8 
o'n p^x pa Dmx Dan nmDjyr^x nsa 
px jjiD^xati' xh ,ty^jyn pa Mtf"n» x^ 
u"t *iyn.jn:x nyn pa .11 .tx .x ,iyDx5p 



n^ix ynsyma ya^ytn t^x tx x^axJ pa 
anjmya px Djnjnsya noaix yjyn^tjnya 
d^d jjnvn lyj^K .tyD^t y^x n^x tyixiiya 
; tynnx 1 20 n»a DiDT i D , DyD ,, DJX"!yDx*i t"i 
p^-iyany^D dixidd px dmodt^ti \$d& 
• tynxn pa fyjjny^pny yiy^T d^d 
y^Kyasn"» xh pa lyDP^DD^x 
px d"¥ nyooy":. iyn px nyp^ya 
nyax .yijnjs wno yv^xa x ixj »t iv 
nyn^ .niDxiyDn-fyoxn xh \yp ay "iyn,, 
lyn rypisnyj pa ^x^n^ynyp 3 , : ,, 11 xm ,d»Vi 
■six oyaip yvJXJ xh px ty^^ayj mxn ty? 
px jypjxnyj yDDia, ,tynxDJxa ya?5a^>> 
-n^najy^yo px ay dxh r?x tyjyj lytxna 
(.nyn) ."ivDyn^xia px t? 
tx ,d i- id tyny^ ^imx tya Dnyr .osyD^nv 
-xrx^'xi xh *[vm iypiP dxh jynxynD xn 
ty:"t y^xna-iyaxi x finx x^ii .jyjsna y> 
nyn pa tyDpxa xn d^d do jyo^DSJ' ,c^xa 
-XJ yEr i xy3xn , ' , x xh pa y:"p .ynxDD 1 - 
_ xn yiynjirya ,yi"~\ pa do dd8db> WW* 
-XJ P?n pa wy DnyD^ya yoxn P S P ; iya 
•ny xh rx ,ty:yp"5 un nyn Dyn iv .isrst 
ty»xD^ "t a'Dxa .ix^xj ?»n iyj"t nyray^ 
-5yp ,?yDp.xt : tyDxi pa jji^^div x pa ax 
ya^ytDxn ? lysxonxJ yDnnoxnxn n» tyt 
nyn px ty^D^n ,iymvjxna xn d^d pk 

■»y pa tyDXD^iTyn xn jy^n .DjyDm 
■■•x do ,nyan do ,DDya do pnx yox^x^ 
xn px tyTDonpy niyn v pi?n .myr^nya 
n do .owBwyDni nytyn pa tyopJisDB^n 
eoya \y:w tyDxn xn tia Dnx nyn do .frigv 

.DD^DB'ya 
-x^xd j'd^d do nxJ fyo^DK' nxs i^nyn 
nyoxn xn pa tyjjin.Taonx y^x DiDtn 
.yjxna ny^x^^xs nyn px nyp-'DynxynD 
do tx ,tyt"ii iv t^x oiaynDt? yv:>x> ny^r 
nn \yiyp y^x do ,t^-i tys ,, t ty^yo y^s 
jytio r "t ly^xr .nyanyn ^y^poitasy n^^ 
jyaxn "ynjynn^B,, ynjyB'nyn ,ynyayn pu 
"yDnn^ayj,, .yDpnTiyDiix .ynyjnnyo px 
tyjyp tyoiayiD^ yi^itx nxa nyax .tyax"' 
pa nyony^ no tyraya tyDcnx'vxa n^a 
|jra»?t oix nxa .oiDaxnya px DDyDxns 
-x^-xj nynx lyoxn y^x ,^"^ jy^yo Jtftf 
.TWipnfi ya^na nn« Dayn Dxn tyaxn ty; 
ox oyn nxa :nya nnyD t>x p^xa p^x a^ix 



13 



.tasBBuyD^ipK tayra^frPXN: 



(117) 



J»n ,*u/ni/ natfo ~iyi lis ttfyiJ8nya pn 
-i.tr tr ,d^k taoTp BgwwyD^n iyi w 
-r^xrj ya^/TR jyasq nanxnyj p>j -irj oR-n 
■anwawt xn nyonR nyaR .jy^n^yj y^s; 
,panyi iyoipyao^n» lyo^RP drii ,tyo"p:ptt 
rh< tapip B»iop8a tr .■•its ^rt *tn grume 

DKfll WH T1R DD*JPaMD*n ytJpitS^rXRD 

rmi ,ot/tjr r>w tR^RJ r d^ur pr Dy 

.P'B^RB RH 

-^ Din o^o pno ix orh p>b^rb rh 
. wd.ro rh }\Si tyjjtfusn 8H o^o ,jy> 
-ya y^gjgwtu D8"i pr nypm^RB ayn nRS 

"80 RH pB ^iTByj y^RJR'XRJ I*IK pnODIRIl 

Ban DRn £"ii ,:poam ptr ayi ay^ix jya 
T» .tvutiTOvn yoMiyj word rh "a dpir 

•tyjJ8?"iya pr w*m yom 
,-uphb 8 pn 5pi drii ,B88oe TJnjp 
Tfcyo B«w rw inyr po ,o88oe nyoayny; 
■jyo rh pa tyB'wms rh nrp tMR"K» ix 
jy^any ix pr yoayn rh «t jyayi w ,tyt? 
■'.wne rh o^ tjnytwp ya^yii ,»bwi rh 
po ^tk .ty^jy» yiin:8 Tie yoayn p8 tyo 
»U8 ,y^yv3^8 tyjyn [y$ij&n bsrdsj' iyn 
.nraru yx:Rj lyayv, 
VI o^.tb ly^jyo yana yDPiyi 8 apR 
jftRWXRj yDPW brr km an* ,?k'xrj d^r 
tt lynyr drbbp "un no 181 .tyajny-nRB 
-yi ytawugj JTWK T8 ,?yoaHixj"8 hir 
nyojiR o^ nyarc tWHynaya u^rt iy5rpa 

.Ijrum oaaoypya p8 dph- 
-:yDPi rh y^»8 o^o y^s^xRD rh jyp 
ny ,iyrmanya pr rm ya^yp ona # tyos8£> 
iya>:yo yaru yDPiyj r drp nsa, ,\v^v^ 
rm spin ? wxrj yonw 8 d5r vt ty^Tfi 
.nyp^tt'^sa nsa v5a VJ83 t^8 drt ,d^ |yp 
Km ,tDn»BDMpy tDPsa nin t« i^8a .rmi 
d5>8 Tt r y 5 m a ty^yo yo^iyj t8 t^rs 
rh 1KB pw pr t^.i ,18^83 ynyn^rya 8 

"81 1M P^RB »r» PD I8"l ,31jyi P'D^RB 

.jyjayi tanj 
yr^D^j pn r fx nnriR y^RjR^K: rh 
fiivtan pr iyjy^ ty^8ii jhwn .nnnx 
-.TB jytj'jyD drii ayn v« ,?"T»DiR^ya pk 
-8J 8 tya^a-iya jy^ii .is^vsj d^»8 V! yfi 

PR tD"H3"R y^R2R^81 IX WSWW P8 18^ 

!^rt ty» TR /n pymsa ^d^rb .D^n^na 

njniRB »t .?y^any yiy^r ly^iaynn^ 8\i 

.ytsayn y^is^sJ yo^^yj taRRnti' pa 



,tyt^yD pa ajii»3»>Hn»a ix ny trwa nya.8 
.nnnx pr nmn pa ;:n^a iv 
-nya fyispKtpjy ty^n jyii jytyn ?imr 
yjyny^iya K->in ^tr lyjR^XRj yimww 
oaayn ^^-uytDtnyabba^yt t>r oy .ma^D 
8m .tyinsBiMKJ tajRoynyo^x pr a^pam 
■m ix ,iyj«Mst)ar tyrn iyjR^xRj sh nw 
.tan^BDMpy lyasn oy jyi^XRj ya^mi ryo 
-Mitajy oy mtr r'ti .jyi^onpy oy ya^yr, 
drt -iyaR ^n^ay; y^RjR^XRj drt *pi o^y? 

iyp ,TJ1R D>: y^R^R'XRD RH DR^ ,oy^8 

DR:ii r n^Rt? yaiRn rh pyaDjynya ta->a ^r~? 
y^R tD^Dynyw^R drii ,ni8 BT'Diny»rR 

DX^R t3~lSni DRII PR ty^DlRB y^^D^RB 

-d^r^rd in PR BTDRayn jnyay^ >itr 

.tj^yp nya^o 
.typ^tyiB jyoxy^ pr inyryj lyaR.n vn 
y^^D^RB r vx, yj^.-ia y^RjR^XRJ nn tr 
-8J rh T8 ,t:ny^pny pitr tyasn "i^d .yj8ns 
iyp 8^i : nyi pr Bnyopya yjRna y^RjR^x 
na^D r tr ,HiiD tyo ^rt drii pr lyaRD ryo 
^rt uur'yr} yjyny^-iya tynsii Dy irii 
rh lypnmytojiR ta>a .wvniyn cj yj"R 
■rj y^8 T8 ,pnD jyn n~i8T drp ? yiyii8 

RH R^l yD^Tli R s 7' .DRR.tDB' 8T-R. PB ]VW* 

rh Rpi ya"~i rh pr yrnya rh .v:"^ 
v^i t n T ty^8T yjyjR^B'yanjny^ pr yons 
-r^xrj yny^T pr pr ?ycn>na ywi pr 

?yoayi y^R] 

y^tO^RB pn R RT^R PR yjRIB RH 

tyjyp ^a-iyn tt »?iHJRn Dy ^mi ,yjR^a 
PR tDRRD'^ dix jy^jyo pa jy^iiTxya rh 
rh br tyjjyn wnyatMinya "i^tk pa 1»pi 
r^p nyaR .jytf jyo pa uw'wnu pr yoayn 
jyayj tjyr yjR^R^XRD rh \yp ix ,^itr n?sa 
-yp ix ?yj8"iB y^R^R^XRj rh sinR naiB>n 8 
jnn^R tia tyoRo^Tyn rh ryttfRn to ?y; 
.oanjM nyi pr a^oani mtr i.rb tyjji&riRB 
rh ya^yn .ir^xrj rh : tyJ8f ?y?RT to tr 
■r: yjHjyoB'^RB r irb o^rh yjR^g'XR? 
y?ia lyasn phri rh — d>jod y$$ o^o ir>x 
?o v j ynyTjR rh ,yoayi 
ir^p pr yjRna yryn tir oiRPt?:8 rh 
.pBiyn &} pit? tynjn to .p^ : nip pr 
ix ?yiw o^»rp Dy oayTJiR i'r *i83 drp 
ty^n^a o>3 tt vi$v *wk : rya'jyo ix iy:RT 
rh pr RH.iy^nya T'R ^ n ii -IR'xrj r irb 
tyno ry^Tayj y^jR^XRj jny^R .d^jod 



(118) 



•taejipv* nh 



14 



-tyt div D^pjHyniyarc ,iyaR^VHR*io pr vn 
.ispjpftn nya^njn iv ,orrd^ tya 
aftra«my& rh *pir dptii r^« dri 
in iyp DT* px ,?irvw p'»n iv ry^jyo pa 
-ispvsj dr-i .iypmonR eyo'Hww'vw kh 
jD>5nyo^K rh tyaya iyaR own frvayj y^Ra 
•lyj'K r»K iRa duod p« ryDayoy^y 
dri : oayoy^y pr roo fya^am | y d O 
ayi pa ,o " rti" k ria 5iTaya dr-j t^k 
-aR .rh iv yj"« tyiynya ry^ayo yD^yj tr 
tuc in oyT^-iyoaiR iR^Ra p*r tr ,jnjn 
tyfrpaya yiivx pk ,y ^ h* H 3 ' d b vpr 
pr .taiRii p»« t^o .ynyiaR pa fypayi pr 

"ftp pRiy^OD^J R PR tR'VRa p»K DR11 Dy^ 

(.B^myiaRtya) oyoHRnmHau* yftnvo 
ryoipiRai ty:yp d^:o>d ya^iyDnR rh 
^a ty^nya tyjyp ya^a^R .5ror d^o y?s t^a 
taj^T r tyT« xn„ .i/yaR^VRa yayiyanya 
■on lytDiny^ya wb'h lyooiRnya nyi 
p»p o*a tyaRH »t tPDRa ,p^q r jyj"t ,p»5 
,'WTSB' ya^oya^R p»p ,B8$tM$> tyoRta^nya 
lyvaRa njrr lya^R tyaiRinv fyavn »t tyDRa 
«t K>DRa ,p5»rb x iyrn nyvw: rh ...o5jr,i 
?yrn PR ryaR^vRa yayty^iya pa t.yoROs> 
-r5rb kh ijrwi pr .tyaRist$> yayny^mya 
Rpn pk "T ^a b>br3 ,p^R2 r fyi"t ?ys 
-cann nyi oa^fti y^rDRii .tainypiya 
-anR pr fyiyi) "?tR^Rj 8 pa a^vana 
.(1875 .jyj^a'B f y5fDyr 
rya«n to .ya^R ma pk nawn rh 
-ftp r pr iR^VRa kh„ : ryayaya pip irpK 
yaftni ,tyt^ayo pa nnriK ya^oo^a y^yTia 
-iv tr .pnoDiK'nya drh fyaRn pr ty5rrs 
-a"R j'r "t tya"T iya.R.niR yayTtmya ay»5 
-5«my iv iyay-iDB> ya5yyi ty^ayo p,a o>h 
.*ra"n3"K ya^yr rh jy^pmoay iv pk iyo 
h P'K nyanyi ,nrR t^k dri n^xa wn pr 
kh pr yaRia yti'^^RB r yaxia v 1 ?^:^^: 
yiyiaR raRj r jyayj pd "ih^r shk enuniajR 
-aya^ii ytj^D^RB rh : vtey: ,taaR^ayb^: 

.DBRB-' 

-jRnya bbbbuvd^ y^o^RB rh r>h 
■Ryno ya^jni ;wmfl y^RaR'XRa rh D^y- 

pr «t pa ya?yn pr jy-pttanpy oy tyn 
kh nyoya ^yatwynys. pr yiya^an rh 
.5ro lyiaR ir ayn jyayii — yaRna 
.anyaanRa .p .n 



^rt fyo urn .p^rb nyv^iw ort tannya 
ny Dnytacya ^^r^r^vrd lyoaRitiya nrvR 
iy^D>H lya^r 5«nD r : tyaR^sj «tt pa 
TiR PR e'B , n un"*i r uv3KDt?3M iin ^Ra 
a^ajynaR tyva^a pr "T tya"T tio^p ly^tpR 
tyrn tid^ip pr„) tid^ip t.jwb»h nyn pa 
Vt tORn /'ra^iRna j^d'h r -iyv^ii^ r v t. 
raRa r ,iRDy2Ria lyv^iw r topmyjonR 
lyiytaR nyi .(ttgnoga ny^^v^ nytoay 
h taro tynaianya ^:v ny^o"ii D^a pr 5"to 
.nyay^^D^R rh to^n nyom nyi r typivaR*ia 
P^rb nyviTB' yvaRa dri t^r ^ri ri« 
P^r r^i in ty^iTB .tR^VRa p'R b"b^rb 
Tt lyaRn ,p^aiay-i t n, R px tyay^ .ir^rj 
"yaR-iaayaRnat^,, t^p tr f ttay*n8yaa"R ^tr 
tat^iRPR Di^aiia /n »a o^j enioonpy 
-Ra rh wm ty^^nDiv in ty^Rt «i ,nyniRs 
in jyaRn »» ya^yii pa ,iy?"nta y^RaR^v 
i tyv^RDtj'yaayioRPV pr to^ytD^yaayoRTiv 
?taDjn D^a PR dri tr ,tyaRT to ryiyp 
D^a mtr iRta pr \^i D^a ptr iiri dr- tr 
pno iv p^R ta^a nv:"P iRa to^a Dy ? pn 
TiR e^JFJi aRT .p^rb nyvni.tJ' drt \viVi 
ya^ytCRi nyaR js^bs s r taayiyajiR ^r rynya 
■aR ryayvi v^R a^taan irb lyoJun ryo tid 
■r"»vrj runas i^r "a i^r .tyaR^VKa ynyi 
yt^aR^vRD rh lyonya ta"»a ;yo *nin jy; 
iDayoRiaia ayi trb ty^ai-iyniRa pr d^do 
-Ra in inR oiR-pDaR ly^ta^RB nyn pi 
-%i?n lytyjyo id r ,ddk .yawns iy?RaR^ 
pa aanynRaiaann r irb irii^ sn jy» 
nya rh inR pna r iyaR ."uvw5$:w$)„ 
.tsT^n tyaRiatj'-DBnn rh pa aai^HBty 
tyayjiviv ir-is^ h iRaRT pr oy B'^a Rni 
yayi^iya 5pb Rni .aaita'nya ycma rtr 
.c^rb^ ,^nnv;.Ria ,t^Haay ryiyi lyaR'VRi 
inR tyTH typ iR'VRa r^R tr pr I traR-iR 
tnytya pw to tya.Rn .tyaRiBB' yajny^nya 
PR tir Dy jynyr n 1 © .-iyvm^' rh "a 
y»MH!5D yaynyn^nya rh nya : ayr 
-aRp ya^oya^R jyaRn i^nooy pa tyaR'VRa 
.b> d * i n jyoiR-i iyo taiy-i iri avzvd 
.D^aoD rh c^rb raRa Dy pk DBnmya^K 
in opm oyoHRaR'VRa rh ya^yii iti 
pa iin ayn irb jyo^Rn iv ,d^r i^iyDnK 
tyoayoy^y pr d^od rh .p^R ikt in 
■aR ,ir-iee> : jyj"t ^T'aya jy^RjR^v^a pa 
-rodm ya^^a .tyDinyta^R ya^^a ,;i:io8db> 



15 



."UBton p« ivtk 



(119) 



.■UK'wn r« jyTM 



jsb jy:ptM"n pa iyo"x yoDyttfy kh lis yB3*B>ya ny^r 



.popish njoa^K pa 



.^> y n •» a » p Dyo n nx 



"yrwtju'ty"! ytfn'K n tin nytal *ijn VDn^i; — .ijs^n lyai^oays'iN px jjixytya 
- K11 ink'— .1112 p« im>K «in« ^gsya — .inch: no von^r, — ,nyta2 nyi p?N£Nt:«mD — ,yt2iny < 7 
.mnuaym' dis ijnaDnp ps ;ji inypys — .nytsS njn pamy^'C 



"Dn «h "a Tt tya'aya lyjai^noonD ym 
1 1 y & & &> < d s d *iya"iB> ■ Bawa yc 

J1K (1773 ,8PpDKB ,Kn»BD^K 8WDDV]) 

-ya ,.bd^» B'BPDDn) n*?*nooin 
"ns ypi «"»in ,nyi bp^> .(1835 .aniaciyB 
-VP ny&^Dn njn Ban ,tyBanya *iypn*»»on 

■=I«J ,(957—972) nS^D^S'lID TJ 

^tib tya^-n$j oyi Baynya bkh n,y kpi nyn 
y5ya lyBiin lis Bnrpayapyiia .rynsisa na 
.iiyp pk B^ytya »i pa y^yaasaya dHs iitpk 
.DjyBoa^yii .Bnjnaimnw tyBanyx pa stfs 
pa jy-px kh pa yBa^ya kh is Vi Bapn 
.nas^on jya^Bjya^s nyi 



pk ti^dsbspid pa bipb ayn isa 
v d r. 8? n irwriB tyty^n t'apa tpm 
-^ n iy n„ Basaya .ijibdij/ nyi 
-nyn pn nyBaw .(980— 1015) "i yiO 
Dxn lyoijyjjx p^a ytj»Dn Dm bkh B£i9P 
-yaya yrn B'o aana^anya pa .mnsayBDnp 
•oy^ twibbs ny^an nyi Baayia B^naya 
•w^Dn nyBDB^y nyi ,(i056— nu) ikb 
-nsfti pa yaavya ynaya^a ,nypns&DM 

nvpjm* lyDs^ya bnh TonsJn iyn 
-yaaaa ny Ban ,BDaynayxya oyi jyansii 
ny .lyanyaaK 5>kt iy wa^y-i ya^yp ,Dpayn 
ny .D^rtfa ypoyna vt w wan tyr^ya Bxn 
ya^BD^a y^asnyBsnsD i$a Bp^ya bnh 




jyrYiynna oyn p 
■yi tk a«n ^yB^s&p 
typ ,B"V Kn lyni 
■ya t» jya^n ty-pa 
,t8P1T8P p« B^y? 

.tynstKa px anp 
in jkt jjrps ryaxn 
xh p« tyaiaya ^>ik 
-i* nyByst^ v* nanston ya?y^ fia .tynjyjya 
tyonyj3» iyp jyo ? jyi^iiya B^yB^y^yasT 
■8^D-^ , 'Dn kh -iy-i"N jyn .n 1 tn r nyan va 
BTPasniji in jyann iyBa8^*iyp^ya yrpi 
-piyj x t^a "t tyj"T f b&«vnyn p^s nyBJis 
kh lyBjiN tyansiiiytDJis ry^ya nsu iyD 
irr ya^yn iya>« ,"iyBny pn* px .iinstsa 
tj;t>k ryasn ,bd^b x Bsnya ryasn txnsTW 
p^s n d5s .ty»ip ^ B^pa^ayo n esnya 
DPiya tyT<« jyaxn 5xnJ8Vi iik 5jnasn pa 
yBpym .lyt^yjann B^a B^n:yay^ya yryn 
Dy ty?$T ya^yp jyaai^MBB^B yt^nsBDM 
s pk Dtn nyax .^b 1 : fy^n ,ty:>ByBtyya 
.^atj' t'fiMK vt B:y^> dkp ^»i 
yBpynn p^p sb>j jyj"i Dy iyp is: 
pk typya rya^i iin.^» dki ,TBtn ypniya 
nyn^K nas^on pa jyi:yaya ya>5tMya"« xn 
-dps si tyrn .Byijnya yt Dan nai^o j/ih 
"*n dki .tyaa^^nBB^B y^nuDD^n ya^pm 
nip a^DyiaK rynya nas?Dn pk tya^i ?n 
.WP p« na^D in pa aanana Tin "nw 



(120) 



•ttSJIplX «n 



16 



TBDjnanya d5>s iyiyii ByaasiBya 5xt tyrx 
tyaxn b^¥ ly^y 1 px tjbSdvi na \yvx kh 
■811 cjn. px .ly^iy^ b>» jyayjyjax tix tt 
pa tyDsnpDuso Tt HWBya am lis f8P s B 
.1094 in*** on 112, nrpK y^Bin 
■inn ivi p ^ 3 ^, s n i d 

pn pX fyTK RH BXH (1093—1112) 1VD 

.Bay-mix jyayi Bx^yj px BinSnyj "U8? 
»>d jynyjy:28 BBa^y: vt Bxn bb-pb wi 
pa ftruwi ayn b^o T^aytBBnn ,-iinB» 
jy^is no tyjjyna Brx^ya brtt ny bxu f rhM 
yftps jym iinBB jym ?yayi\ .to*5dvi 18J 
-x~ipy:> jyaxn «» ixu ,iiy>p ix: tyoipy: iitpk 
nyax "t Bxn p^xb bxi .p/B^rma ytjnb \y: 
.ftrin iv «t Bairya o«n px aytfnya b>j 

-Jtt Dy PX P^B8C38>11D flB B*P1B Byn *<*J 

-ya ty-px xh pr ty» nnaonx tx iv tyoip 
cd lyix^ya px Bamya «» Bxn tya .ttfasfi 

(ili2) iyanxBtJ>ya pk p^838B8 , iib ryn 
ajny^yi kh lyasayajK ijniy^p xh jyaxn 
,tjfB n ns d y 1 *1 * D * *!■ 8 5 1 1 w 
-8 » tyo'W- Bin nyBjix BJxpya P8 nya^yu 

P8 J y *> 8 D8T ^HMTSKiTi X11D M 8 £ 8 J 
BJH ,118^D8t38 , 11D pBi f.TT 8H ,1 M 1 81 

pa iy»:jnayDy*is px .iixjmy^B pb bbvb 
.lyttfsn nonfo b.tx b^d ry^yii ,inyn» ayn 
Bxn dot .pnp nyn pb DJxtBjy t* iy bxh 
d'ixdxjxb .flrp px fynroix iv Baxiaya 
D'ii8^D8t38ivD DyB-piBya tyaxn nyaayruK 
■'D„ ayn pa Pin D8n tnyoBnyv ?yaxn ,tnn 

Ug) |"K "1X3 {y38.1 p8 XBX^BIB "p^PBB'D 

.BJtk y^B eynsoiy px Bamya 
-iyB"ii ty^8t Bw*n»^na ya^ypi dim 
-ya 5sb« 18J ^yi8 iyi o«n ,ryoipi83 o>: 
-lya^ lynyay; Bn>8 p,8 t'TOH85n w ap»» 
-ijy in brpi nions^i janjpjjn kh tyonyj 
?'BM8 nmx r^8 P8 ty*rynr^8 ty?8^yj t5 
,n^B^yj:^8 in Qkn hjsidb'bmk nyn .ms'its 
^d s d^j"8 bh^8 D«n JJiiyp^yBya kh iy38 
"t 5"ii jijn^ 8H tyBsnoB'.ya iv tycyayj 
tycBy^yj y?8 lyoonp m»n pb pyiis, tynny; 
p^BstDsniD ya^yn ,ty»»wns 8H iin 
y^ya »n pnrpanyB nyo^n ,ty3y:yj «t bkh 
kh lytymv nyt«n iyna px lya'tia iy»n iv 
»i8oyi tD>3 By D»n nynna B811 ,iyDBnp 
tMyy:i "w»t»^ tD«n tyas^P yrn »im« .t"t 
*nya ^vdjix tyaxn »t pb y^& ^>n„ :Diya 



-»5>y*i yen 1 !* tDnyisByaanK in« dhh iy px 
.;ymp w yanny?yroi8 ,, J 
D3"i» ,iynipyj ri^DH8^1 iv jyj^t 181 
183 tyaxn px jyn8T8B pb tyT« ,i8^Dy: 
b^d ,nno8 ny^T tyionn iv ty^8By::8 bh^x 
ix Bxn r Diyny> rynxn vo„ : nyDiyn vv, 
tyoonp px *iy:8ny.»8n.8» jyoipy* \y:») in 
.rrjiDx i"i qiv^v nn bxh nyijny^ px 
-xrr t» jyoini ,Byn px rwmfci jyoonp xh 
-j^x ix px jyan^j n^o px ,tai»ipnpw iya 
P3 nyB^xnny px lyzywyz nyi ,083 ty^x 
."lyc^ysy^ya yW» 
r^x„ :»aynfiw ty^x Km> bxh n^Dnx^n 
tyasn "t p8 V'rwy) -iyiix Dnyo^ya dkii 
Ttn i"p f (n^») tJn^J^ya in,, : tny3myy:i 
-^ii nyax »t bxh iy ."na^ jyen px ,tyoy 
px„ ?"iJ8^ "ly^x t^x ixii„ : ttMnByj nyb 
:tdh^ii .Dny3t::yya »n jyaxn ,"n^?tjnT 
B83„ : ty~px xh ?"jyt3-i8*i iyi wn bjdxh,, 
riyD^y y"iyr:ix nnx sya px iinsiiya t^x 
jynjyjya y^x pk cnsB'iv nix Bxn iy p« 
nya^x pk na«^ "iyw\« ; w ynyr:ix tyjyn 
->i8^ii ."tytoDnp 8H is iyi8iiy- tyayayj 
:p8v wo B*iyi£«33yya ?sn jyn^x xr. nxn i»d 
-yj nyx ty^iy^ yiyns b^h wk ? xm,, 
?N/Bifi Dn By b^ii p^8 iiTX urn ,yyt 
? d^ibk'iv px bxj PB tysnoti'iyB t3>n nrrx 
-yj ay^ mm ny^x px *"x &w> mi iyn 
ynoyiB t>8 D'nBtj'iv b>j i^x *iy ts^xn ,Bxn 
tjr^^nta ti» ty^xt td T8 ,1iTH b^ii .-\y-\w$ 
y^n^x xh Bxn "pbh8^i ?"p^:mx ny^x 
.Bya b>» Bp^yapyiix omi^ 
xn TfiH»5ii B8n yoa^yj lym rmo 
Ban^iy ,iiy>p p8 lyByryj ww ya^yn ,ty^x 
tyansTT. «t bxh sy .ry^:sn iv px tya^^a is 
th tyixiiyj ty^n »n ,B>pBy xh px dp»5jbib 
.ryBBjyn px Bayjp ya^oonp jyB^xnyj px 
nya^BBnp iy~i bxi ,B^nys"iyn Biyn By 
Bxnyj ay^ Dxn ^pBiy^Bys ^Bxixya ixi8» 
vi ojyfc ^y ;tn Y K «n b^d jyinypnyB is 
px tbb-xixb pb iy:y'a::'BM"ix bbxj '•'•a 
nya^x lyn^Bxayi iv »m b^o tyi^x w jy»ip 
-"lis njn ixhs 1 b^8B8ib^b an .ix^^in 
ny^r tyjunya b^ nyax ?yi>x xh bxh nyo 
,iyayn^y; i'-i^bhx^i is bxh iy px p^a 
•BBnp tysnpnyB is tyan^y w: ?xt iyo bxt 
bxi px jyn^x yran^jjix xh is Bayip ya^ 
k iv Bayip jya^BBnp x Banpiya sy ijm 



17 



.-UK^DTI PM |jrr»K 



(121) 



frmiwirap ?yt:i4 ayn pa tyai2 ayn pa 
-on *iin pm ty:mB$8BB> NUttBPtsw iyi"t 
tyeipyjopnM iw«t an Tin .yan*p iyB»o 
tyanyjJM Tt iya«ri V35j.11 .tycpyo kh 
VDDiy mn) .'"•pjhbjhbd,, pm "^»mm$3„ 
*\jn .(tyHMJfta p« tyjsttD^my pk ypi pa 
-Din kh iwn is fenwa pm ny*iy"t pyns 
BwyHjysyj ayjyay^aiya pa ya*pp v^d 
pa ,tyan^i ayn is phis nrpK lynrpa is pk 
.lyoipyjopiK pk mnDjyDDnp o$i tya^yp 
t^a pk tytapyo vvi pa ik'sk&'jk kh rm 
■pa imsa 8 fyiMiiyj B"ai.»y:iDpK ppiajtf 
nm *pa ,bmj ty^sp^K p s x pk ryap^a ayn 
-j» "up Bsri Dy .(neta mm) bibpkbtkd 
law 8 B^n nytDiny^yj-DJs^^jn 8 Bfoya 
d«t "pa tyrpy: is jycn yanBOHp KH 
Pm typpya tt bbh ?bb btb pk .aweanv 
,nnar jyn«3 j'b^o ntpk 8 pa isnya kh 
8 PK tyr^yj^nx tt bkh ny w pa 

8 KP1 ,PK DinBJJHV DMH "VB 8138388818 

jfapa fjwwis *pt is iy bbp ,By338» 
rrmat jwd min is Binypya «t pk tyan 
■jfs dkh ny p8 Bsnnya tot imspya pk 
tyjsnya yBDayn kh "a tynyraPK \% b3bb 
bbi ny dbt f tsSmynjJ Biyp Dy >ii8$ pa 
-83^d botb eyi pa yoiiD nyi is Biyniyj 
183 iy»ipyj pm nya^yp ,tJ>DPiKp5yf>8 ^k 
pa lyB^BfiBBB^ d^b 1471 pk 18^8381183 
.lytnya ayi inansp r'jyp ty^HPB oyi 
bbh rPiat ?ya^yp ,bbhp nyBDiy nyi 
pk ,n8~i83'B'HB3 pk mn&3jnv is Bifrypya 
ewn nya^yii ,w*n iya^BB"i Tin tyiiyi 
-kbbib ayn vw'pxp pp Birpaymv tw QfPK 
-iya*K h ."Dpy^B (iya^BD":ny38) bbb 
-yjt iP8 tt iya»n mnoaw aiv y:ya:83yj 
,tJpp» h pm nnar nya8 f p*r 5o !yt8^ ^8P 
.MVtt'snjto p« tyi8t:^ya pm ny ya?yn lj^o 
iyntD8*iyi »t pk B»5«nwp»*wx "T ?y3«n 
?»ni .tywonp kpi Tt Tvo^sn iv pt? t"nsa 
"**s%, nyn pa whv) y^y^a typy; typn Dy 
-'foo"ji nyiDjnMiDyi nyn ."nioniP ,, a8 i&v 
8 d>d oaya^syjDPM in ta^n »Dpjr5» iya 
p« .ain^iyip D«n tb iy&"« tynynjurya 
_ 8a 8 DiVK -lyanyn v$n yno^oy: y^n^ nn 
.n n r, pib \"i m n n i a k tyayjy: fyo 
"8^p y^8 nyDii8 d^b^m v$r\ "Dpy?» 
tyny-tjitya 8 osnyj osn *iy .lyt^jyo ?yo 
■p^ .ya'too"* 8m ty^pis a^any fyopna 



Tt P8 tny-iJ8Py^^8 jyjmy^yn y:y*ry^ 
8H pa n.081 ayn tns t^j T'd udsb ,Dvyrya 

1P8 iya8 T>8 Dy .IIjBTO IV DJPT8 li'DDn^D 

■"t ya^yp ,Ty^ama n.h B"pj't»jnw iwya 

»yn?nya tyeon'B ynnynna 8H pa ;y: 
,»m»o P8 tyapiya t:vy^ tyt8^ is ,ryn8iiy: 
.lyDipoiK yjH^^:i8 ^pk i8*i ty-yr- ay ^^p 
tyn»8"iya DD8ryjP8iyanyi v» 5xw 1»k 
."lyDDi^a ynyn^N rp d^» 

D'l ^?. O 8 J 8 » 1 * » > T 8 ^ 1 1 SJP8 

8H o^yosnya jya^n Tt ty^8t ^hn^^x 
ai8 f wairpii i n K P« ny'P pm ty&o*pa 
lypjyityya iy^8t dbp ysyryj ijraiyjp:&pn8 
■»cdm yB'^on yr3"8 .ixn^K pa y&ayn xm 
pa j:i5o8Piya mh sipk dxt .tyoanya vp 
iyD8^ya t^8 jwam^i p« ly^Dn^a kp 
~iya iysi8J iy"t d^d tyT« kp .ijnspyj 
nyn pm n« njs^Dn pa typ^isopns ty^y^ 
"t ?yp ; ?yT85pf:"ns o^ nnyn »» toajvpiv 
ny pp oy ^8T ,D^nyj pm tyoip^ns iy5$r 
(* ."ryni8tt is p« lyapiya is «t Da>i5» 
tyca^yps pa ^tnyiaj ly^^pis ayi pa 
pppi p« tyoinysaiB yn:y pa ttnyipmn^ 
?8t D8P tTWten P8 iirpM pa wgpya c^ii 
yDDayj mh tb .ty^^noists^o nisnyp pp 
bpd ixnaiaiya p« ya^yp .D^p^iy yroapi 
8 tya8» td typo ,!:& \vvi pm ryi'M 

18»8J8» VOH8P1 pa J3P5C 

t 8 n 8 1 (t:on^aop*u) T8^p ^P^yn oxn T^a 
-i y & ^ *i t iyi e'BMpi5 , D!in 
-pnyta mh t>8 D^p^8iy yrn .(U62— 1505) 
ny^H^K^'Dn iyi p8 y^s pa yoDiHTP, 
nin p8 ojya^sya tsnyp mp pm yoa^y: 
-PMi^it,, tyoB- 1 ayi d^d yH8&DH ijw^Dn 
yt^H^M,, : oj"d oya^yp ,"«njp s^mpo 
■^8b pm pbijh jroaviira mh i "pio*pp>B8 

.ynjy: 



PK 1j?tt ijh ^ur'tryj,, D , Jiy3Jiyi3B> p« (* 
ly'j'HQ yiyinyo tbkp tn lyayn ps /'ijt^ks 
kh ^yctt* iyty»i ik3 uoip ^jra'SKp jyTyn pa 
ddkt f iyJ 1, s ;i?j;:ic-ine y"i xn„ : j:ip"iyoj?2 
iy»8Tn*w jiyayaynwyais ronsrii .oyTyn ins 
]j?»"Dn tyjHiman^ ijn lya^P pk .yap'iy 
naiK f nim i338oy; aanyjJ'Kiy j?j"n ijtp'jni: 
Djrn 33iB3Hiy nyi^N epi« ^JiSnyifiy yryn ddnt 
iypHHBD>n (iyrpn:"s) jyj'DDynyj ]j?Ti' in 

."annya 



(12SS) 



.tasaipix k"h 



18 



ya*£***T bdjxt px ^yt9Dv&« sh nyix ,*iya 
.jyiyii Binyiya iyan&i ya^yyt nx 
-ftsnwa "wk tt »»n yapyD y**j ypi 
pa nipi'ii wn Tin P« tyinyonya px rya 
,8*i8pa ,^io c ,tiDi ian.i« xh 
pa BttMpjrM^ |j«"i yrtfim ,unn ,ire*B 
'yujuyj ana 8*n pb Sir*** x*t pk ,8b*5 

.0*1*1:1 uytD'nya 

BDTBD8*i:i *im P8 14 8° *1<"»K* Oy*7 p8 

.ix-ixjxiixj "18J \yn\py) ^o'uy^Dxii igrw 

P*18BtJ> *1T8 BiT*X tW"» *D*:r*H PX **Dpy^>8 

tynuy^n "t oxnny oxi ,*y*i8iiyj ry^ysy; 
nyoDiy *iy*i .gnpojfo ""IXJ ya*5oD<**;i c$b 
ya*i*p nyn p« nyooynanyax jyisiiw px 
-"iitf *im px "nyt38o *y'^*xa y*oyaoix„ 
,"5h«o^ ta&nx,, ya*i*p ivi pa nyo 
**a ?yny*y;ox D*iyu8 ,% ya mm px **opy^x 
»snyj orrx is oxn *iy .botsoifu oyn 
d.tx px tsis 8t8 *pik px onoiv |y*na 
ii' *d*08**i B'o ?y»8nx "i8T yoa**5 8 ryiiy; 
-roy-io *iy**T px ,y*iny5 y**J xh tb typ-m 
-*iy D»n" o*» iy*i8ny^ B**npy:i px d**p 
ryny; ty*"* Twayrwrs yi"T tyt^iii* .^xa 

TDD8J8O 118*SB'D 113 D'TttBB'ms 1JH 

oyn ,* 1 8 a 8 t "ibmjb iyi ,8 b * d 8 t 
-'nip *ii 8 *t y b *iyoy*ipyo d'odtbdx"):! 
Pbdtb xh ,*8ii*8 ijnna p*r P8 * *- * 
■Dsna dvt pb nyBaxBiyjywO 8 :■ y 5 y n 
■;8 P8 i i $ * y * p t8»s'ip nan ,(ocn*a 
oyn pe T18 .?y*»nya y*uyo*Hya yiyn 
ny:uyn*8 pa 5rwv »h px p^xb jyaxB^x 

.p*5p By jyiiyj 
,y-!jyotJ>»ix yj*BO'*** ya^yrx nyoji8 
tyaxn yrtfyu ,-ivwv pb roif? oyn nyBJi8 
yaTp *iyT p« nyony yooayn 8**i jyBinys 
D]n nyt:ii8 toyoa p8 ,t388t3^ oyn p«, p8 
ytipyD ytn t>8 ; DD2^yr :i*:yp nyn pa yuns* 
ryasn ~mm kh i8J .tyDpsiw pibdb' 
-un B8n p8x D*nj b'd .tannyj tsu tw 
-nnypyn «h m^anya, ^i$iy} sspD'syoiB 
ny D^n iyjnts:*K nn .Tunumyiu p« yo 
-D81J Dyi tia t)"po8,Tpnyoa^« 8H jyiis-iiyj 

H'18 B'J iyS8 .^D'Hy'^DSll ISTHT BDI'B 

.DB*innyj B»n ny ^y^a 8'ii ^y*a *iT8 
-i8iiBDii8n'^T„ kh jyasn 8hpd8o t'8 
v>.t 8*ii — (D"i: yB^xn'«yj 8h) "jnkmpv 
iyi:yn:8 iy'M pk ?y:iay3 — tyD^nya jyaun 

-c**ij oyn pa -.ytoyipyD isn ,r • v "• "i l P 



nyi ^8na* jynyj tyy^t ytanmrpya kh jy«* 

nyn /'s'b^d,, j*a*i»p nyi pa B8B8B8*ifi 
-yryj:8 i'8 pa trot nyn px nr#apw ?r#»Tnsa 

.t * «• b i d tyi8 , 8a oyjyn 
-pyD ny^H'8 *iy*y lyrn pa Dnp^y kh 

: B3?sa 8*n jyiiy* jyj*n yo 
■lyB^irny ijn px nyoue- un ,b«j (i 
typ?**n p*p p«i inir p*p d^ D8n ,Dy^>8 pa 

,BD**i 

■^pn*ii nyi b** t*« DiBDnp Dity* (2 
,tt8*i pa tmr nyi .dx; pa inir nya 
Ban-tJ* yv'?"?] xh fy^yii iya*x 
"sayj B** "ixj t*k ,Byn'*'5*yB8is toxn 
By ny Byn ,pvt tyixsv*' &yn ny ryu px f jyn 
■lye, tya*B3*? pn D 1 ^ ixj .jytyn vi "ixj 
,bxj pa tmr lyi rynyn tyaiuyix ij^bsj* 
-**n px tyt^yaxia ynynjx px nn r ne»o x*n 
~iya Biyn dxh .Ditaonp ~iyi .nyjy»' yj^ 
lya'^nyiiyj * r*x ,iyt:Dnp 8H pa Biny 
,iyi«iiyi Byv'Hpy* r*x ny .bxj t n P ,^*yD 
px ,i2p px ryixiiyj b^ibiv px lyrmxt^yj 

— myai'Tn 
'jwb mm jyB^sn no ?ya (3 
"iin B"n^*yB nan. pa -jity^y xn (4 

DXT BO'D^ "1*18 ,'*nB*l" B*J t*'8 tHlt D'B*tf 

.ynnni d'bxi b*b p*x*iya*x b** 
Biyumnnx* lyBjyay't nyn x*n *iT8 
"lyBJix toy "i8J t*x B^yn xh px Bnynyu 

jyi*'T .ryjjxjy* 
,d*ibx tyj*^*n ayn pa lyBantJ* xh (5 
*nyn nynix dxi,, : ajxryi Bsn ly^yil 
■y^» px ya*iB xh dix Bj»*B***y dibohp Diry* 
-> j * x nyi t*x Dy ?'*ii .t'fsawD iv yi**rya 
lyBDHB*, 8H BB*imya*x x*n ,"jxb *i y b o 
"•*!« 8*11 x* rw& ^ia .DiyBxajyai^p y?8 pa 

tyBDXBX 8H ^*'1l ,BJyB8BDyD y**l D8T 

*iyiy*n bjmi DiBonp dxi .ryaynr^yi tyasn 
*in8* 1500 pynx pr jy:**r t*vy v fix jyoip 
iyB**iix dix ixj px ny px dibd np nxJ 

.jyaipyj ay >8» 
"Bn?*a y*^^n. tia *a.nny*iya xh (6 

.BO'iyniyxya t*x Y"-\p ayn tia px 
f ya*5B*jy» 8 t*x ?yay^-tya8J8o d»i (7 
pa n^p 8H px ,^iaa>*i***8 ya*5tDy:i ?*>p 
.tyny 4 *i'i8 Biy*^ ya^yn ,oa*i^ *iyj*^**n "iyn 
P8 *iy*tt*p p*r> si'is a*: a^ya^ *iya£yii 

.|yB818» ! 8*"! "1*18 B^8B ,58*W* 

-*ib nyn |8n8 , bo ,*iyBio d'B8J b*j (8 



19 



-:«7D-i p« jjtpk 



(123) 



ya*n pa ^rpay: p*t tyr^L" w 'o^:y;y^>y; 
ttfyiisnya yDp^yapHi* kh oxn -,y p« 
isj IW«t »i d?s .on» jidkpvij x *pik 

?yT«£y; "? ~iy ob.1 xrwaw iy~ nym* jyv.y; 
aw Dany: ny~ »*o ,"nya *pi« fyvytanK 
iyp:^ iy- *n« BinypyaanK ixtphp px ,py 
iyn »»o .lyxtrs ynyrsnya y^^str px r t3"T 

"DDrXXV, ^MDKO ODy 1 yD„ : Bft'TIMnK 
BX~ *!TK PK ,(^fl D'tBtP DyT PK D$l) "$11 

P8J P'K pa tniPayj yaHp^JJiK vvi jyo 

tyjrB^y: "T dx~ p^jjta ax~ ,ny~jx x ,_ px 
jyrn dk"i„ : ^nanx ayi d>o aanya px 
avy^v &sn iyn p« ."D'ww d'di.bohp 
.syp ynyn *pik tyvD'a kh wynsnyu 
-y; Qi) iw nyax rx ?«rioiw \vvi »nD 
."niDiip'&R njWTK,, *un pa yi:y p»p n$r, 
rx piptip nxiya ■unfwa waayo "vfVK 
y5>8 jya^m bhk .apjis^yt^o "vpn ryryiiyj 
ayi "inn .Dfttofctyj ^n ?yaxn nyjjynjx 
p« D5?n.vj a$n iy |ya5yii ,Difoi"K warn: 
*v lyaatfyj ikjkt b.tx pk ^ny^yn ny- 
oyr p K tDmasD^ns pa y^y^s? kh tynp 
"OD"J ojn tb ikikjukj P* tddkjkd-hp 
yDDpnxDK> kh. pa ayp^x .ix^dxp tyan 
«nx iHWHBiya .tsmoanv pa lyMymiK 
y:yisiiy:i xh tyrn nyifD^ya lyroayo p»t 
Tfojyay jyaxn ,»ne rya>y-iDy;nx jyrx 
any^aya lyssfi .mntwyttDHp pa DSttfrjag 
n^D mm ^xj d^id a^ yiyux px noa 
.ntf fye»Ti» ayi tyouyjjs ix:ixt \yz$n px 
tyjy: *ibdkp ayn ?yasn *iyjjy:i jny"t nyax 
inir oxn pk jyasn «t .lyayay^a^iK t^j »»t 
« DDi^eDxn: ayn "2 tDpn^iyaon« 1503 
yD^yii »i^-k ,}jtf»#.nys:y:)vp wm 
D'n»jyj ^pDosJspsJsn a » o x 
pn«DB' dxh ny .yo^B' » tssnya ta»n ,nnn 
-onp pa yjy^Kayaas nh 5>st jyo »*isn«ayj 
.lyasiD^ya dwomtb 
■yj lyanyjisa jyi»M ywN^pyj:« kh 
oy>': niv D^ypya iyax vt tyaxn »t ; tynxn 
hh .B»n"HOTM> an^x jyn^n pk jya'i^j 
-oxTiy^jyan^p nyrn pa »y»n»^D ycnu 
."D , D-iip , axy^H' , x„ xh jyjyj lynyj r« .*rt 
njn : Dijnn-'B-tDB^n kh iyj"t ^»8iy»5» 
■» » d * i P pvmp lyDyipyD-DBKXD^ 
M DP»D 1811'K .ny^smsp * 1 
t5 , "n:xo>a-ix) itddsp px \ \ $ e 
-iixnya (-rsijjai^: px i^Dx:xo-nv pa 



-;>xa'iya kh .wvyi ryp-ixoL" s ,bdtb 
-xn v,xpd2 px -ix^x^ViXJ pa iy"iyHJto"Q y» 
-xn »n ; ntoio iy;xipy^ ijny^i Tinin tya 
B-mjn aix ,xt!Pdxo 1XJ ony-usnyjD'iK jya 
?yay^ ,y:yp w lyonujrjDaya'^j y-iyn ^b 
.tX^Hyi ny 1 : iy 11 ! px Biy^^y;jiK 
B'Dx Q'o 3Ji;pJ"K ^ya px ,Hx:yj iyax 
-d'd y^x B'O toaity; jyaxn /pr'cxrxpx^xv, 
-«t Dy .DD-i^aDX"^ ayn spiK jypnni iv ?y? 
,j^KB*iy rnx iM'K 1 »nx iy;:xriya -yax IKJ 
-j KiyJ xr,pox» pa tJHs&snDja: nyi ?"11 
l"p ty^x^P Px fyma f >iyna y.yn oxn » d 
■»o nym .Dpjyt^y; 0*2 D^psxTPiyoanx 
-nynyojix tD^^ya w: iw v$n d^xbx"ib 
ixnx 1 na ;:nayH ajr> .psmp jyjyj iy» 

-yj Hxjyj SKpoy^B^piK ayn t^x ^i:v 
axpa^sy ayn d»m pm ^ik jy^ny: is iyjji^ 
T»»2i) P^iixan ayi pk ,djxb^ ^sitid pa 
■jKD^ans ,^D , nyH , Dx , n rxnx 1 pa (nyo^a 
-y tDtjn lytD^nx ayr ^nn .t»ai»*iiD s o tsm 
Dy .DDTBCxu ayn vw lypnm D:ypy: py 
-jy^y^yj ^ddj^ x ^ax^yj yi«u ti t:xn 
fx ^isnyj DHxaxit^E iyi .iviyi b«n 
-r>xnya x .1489 ^xd iyD2S ayi lyaixD^yj 
rynip-ixa oai-xnyj osn ay yaftm t^iK ,3>i5 
Dxn .ts^KBsnta^D ay^j x pa ^nxii xh 
-:ix 1490 nyaxtopx ?vtaiT ayn jyjiayjDXtotJ' 
,iniT D'DDT»aox*iJ ayn pa yo^nsa Dy7. nyo 
Mi^Dsnya, nyrn ^ik .«s^^ < >*ii{$j»i$'> h^dxii 
yjmynna xh tyisiw; tyry^ynxa ?y^n 
-ynsa tx"i taxn tyo pk nx:y; pa ?y:sx5p 
ya^yii .yjyax^Djy nynx^XJiix- kh jyan 
^yj .xiipax^ px jyiD^snyi&nK tt jyaxn 
,^n:; bxbxox^b -iynx"ix:iix: ayi : T5 
^xjx» ayi / d s : x s n lya^oc^j Djn 
.y"iyi:x px h n « i 
■5yn .yaHDD 1 ^ yann xh pa ?"n» i^x 
.Hxjyj t^a tyjxD^iya:^K tynyj lyj^r ya 
m* yonnypya kh t* ,iyjx^yj*ixa jyaxn 
-"S d>» lynyn BBK"itD^ya py^xT oinojjnv 
tsDn^aDxnj *iyn .b^b i'b*d ishx tyj^J^ 
-lyan^p xh px ayi tyjyj tyiiy: nya?K pk 
nya ijn b>» Djyjuya tt »sn jji^oxnya 
.ynny? iy"J nyn pa ::ia^a 
Dp^yipH^x "iyaK iyrn yo^x^py^K kh 
lyonxi ly^xi "t ,nsn»j^s: ^ix: tinsiw 
kh D*uya toxn H»jyj ,t»t nairna "inn 



(124) 



.taar.prx k^ 



20 



,yijnas PR "p^yts>tMi>„ ,"yjRpR^Ro„ jyo 
-n$a pr ?yoya. yiyiJR nytojix b»»t vrfw 
ms ,rmi a$D tyPDi^n pa tyay^anya jyo 

.CVP^BSaiD RH ,5y>S'K>"3 

rh pa Jjtfpmtuy jrw*vi an pa i^j 
lyasn •wj to ryftm "nwnp'a* bb^tk,, 
-yj nyn w tyoipw ty^m to nr rtJnjn re 
.ecre th ons ty^ia p« trpR pa yoaw 
-ya Tt ORn (p*re na nyi) ^pv^d^s *irt jyn 
.mntMjnv are onnyp 

-jya^R rh ^r: Trap 50 "vujfiyjiiK iya« 
-b^r DiynaRtya v? fya^n ,iyopRa vmvwi 
'Miosd: jyon "ire jmy:tfRB oaya^reya 
p s a k p ^ a r n r y a pr ptypss 
ihk* 1 ayn pr lyty^iya tt orh nyoany njn. 
PR (ana) tyo^y»riB oaRoya- brpi pr 1554 
^o$p ^asnRya .fyTaaaaRo wjrwsn»Bi 
pr ny ^.iipd^o pa WBTayj r tyuya pr 
.tns^a 8 pa Pin am pr ?y*iRuy:i tyrreny 
.*nn rya^aoyp are onjrftfa brh nya^im 

1RY1 ,80^ IRJ tyjJRjyi 1552 p« PR 'RiDSp 

-a«i "lyoaso y&»T8 » noRTnya orh ny 
-jyrp are jyaaRayanya^R pr ny sm ayi 
"ire o^o tyjjwny 1555 pr pr ny .Dine 
-y* iyasn »! iriii ,TjRfon - D"ii p« a^To^n 
.nyaaynaR y^pa jyjis 



tytD27 D3H PR ,mo are jynsiw D^TIO 

pr T^oayay »t tya"t ,1503 ,nyaojrejn- 
.pynsp p« lyitjniyj Dayianya Rnpaso 
rh pa nyjjyj rh pa prrea nypn 
-ya aa8^> 00 *was orh "nww wn^„ 
y^8 pr p^tp pa nynnyiya rh .b^vt 
oaayno^jyaR n>asn anoayir are y»-inypya 
p« tnrpayjo^iR KQgn pr tyoaynp y-iy»r 
poiny^DRii fRfi^ oaTaoRT ayn »a 1505 
nyan^n^T^ am lynsa^^K ^j?t ?yo t* 
-»o t 1 ^ lyoo^p s p» H8jyj s^pD^sya-is 
-yaa^iK isi tyasn "d^ctp^k,, rh .xmt> 
ya^yii pn pa y^a n« .ajjp Din lyann 
niv onnypyapniv tt pv aw nyrnna iya$n 
.twjii^anya nsa oa^iia o^k .mnoayoonp 
«>n tt pa tyaisiiyaasnK ovy^ tyaun 
ipww Ti« r^nay^D^a tyi"t Dy .oypaso 
-ya pk yopyD ven tin ,nyaayn:a8 y^a jyo 

.jyop8« 
r^s tt o»n yopyo nyn tid ^stpw "an 
osnya o«n K't .^^■uni ayi pr jyaisnip 
>ibo8P tytn p« Ta ,tyaK^iyTa iir twi 
nynna itr tyns^nya r^iiay^a xn o\sn 
PR ty^RBB'W tt orh pr ijf»wnM |»n 
-yj tyj«t ya^yn f |jnn»5 ya^ytR o>o ty^MD 
-ayoDnp pr ainoaynv pa rayB'^oya r ijm 
-pyD rh mtk ijnaRtt^ojy tyj^t ay ,ain» 



."jy^pySa'ayo^ip 



x^n t;t pa iv^py^riyQia''^ 
,]^ |yoip D«n:^ 

. . • dtie pa .its s Nvp 
,m& ta'aitya'isa x^i nyas* 

. • . pn 8 T D D V tarux 



ta^yn «n t^ |yj^x»3 d^yj 
,0118 T^iviy^^o 
ta^yp t;t p« lynyna-iya «ni 



Bn"»x :%mi nia^ wn 
,D , »- l 7VB ,, n qvt cj^k 
Bn^a |jnyBtt> n:no « p« 

• D^e TyDDV 8 B^D 



.^irp 



,03^ p;8^3 p-8 Bpjnyja^w 
stjty t;b-i8h t>h bxj8^ 
Banyj lynyxD^a oy pn 
■ • ■ «'hy , ?8 typJia 

.r^rp py^ayi 



21 



•p^^KS nya^z-s p« ?kws 



(125) 



.("td^b ipe^ms jis jytrrre 



nyaayny; utfyn yvyry; y-o h tx ,o«n 
nyt^aa^xa^xp nyn he ^»e ay- iy;:"-z 

."ayaa'a 
Dyi px li/nyj apnnya fw ynyn yn- 
tanyn nya^ni ,"nnxpyn ^yax^'ynaaxP., 
nynaymw wfnxwt PK "na Dp^jufi'ViK 
txaaynaaxp nyny^) .anyaixvi h w ey^axp 
naan I 11 ! -pe anyDixv, h iv ynyi pn ap 1 "* 

.(©pn 
nss awa^K ik iyay; y>* tk ^m avy^ 
nonnya h ,nnx^v, ayaaxnE ya^xm ,ynyn x 
■ysaya rya^aanp ayn pa pBay-PTyiB ya 
•inn jya^xnya axn ,iipna pa p^xnya earn 
: 1897 px x^xaxa px ixtrayna-xP ny"? 

-jn a^>x ,jjiay;vyiy: ynyaya ^nn fyanpax 
pe &ayn h p« Bg^ga rynya^p k pa bkb^i? 
■j«j n lyanya D&jm tk — ,|pns pk nyayn 
jpsbp^ivsj lyain to wen .liiMna^* yv 

tynymya ixnayaiEinK px axn aanv^x pk 
aiEai^xP Ban mx 1 wijniin lya xr pk 
ttfxn tk 'Tin to am ayn jynaya dkp 
ay- pa mntMW"* axn pn 5kt ay tya&a 
DJJs^nya a^rn t»w .iyoK.ns P^xa lyvaga 
ptk n:yn ynyn a>o tyta^anK ry^r y^x 
yannysnyp yaanya nxa *nxnya iy» m 5ya 
5y^a ntx ta-'a ?g& p»P *pw nyaK ja^iiBay 
TK P« .anyaxaTxa anyr> jyo yn^n pa 
-nya w ©"papaya n tyayayji lyny^s ttfsii 
yai; px Jttn^a px ?«noj» ?ya"5a x jye 
lysxp^a px ay tx ,an^a tk jJiny'siy 
■fpu yaw^n h pk t'noK nyn pk .e"BPxna 
-nxa nyn pe lyay^ayanyaw nxaa^x aain 
(raympaxP) ryevayaDXP ?*. an5a tk ."i»a 
.aaxna ny n .Dn^iD niv ^"ntDni«nya pk 
.jy^^yanxP lytwunya w pk pyiii' p»» dkii 
jyoipa^x ma nxa ryp ijjb tx jyr^iya t^xn 
tx pk ,b»s*ii bd^^ko nsn dkii .nrpK tnx 
-xna y»a-«a h jytmynya ^xt o^ntrayn n 

."fx^'pn 
x ra^B^ya wxn, mx^ii ayajxiE d^d'c 
.aawjmya DampttsytD nyi px y^xi yama 
yr^x px jynjm tDpmya tvay^a ryiyi xnn^K 




-xa _,, aixE jnyrai 
px lya^n fypo^g»s 

»t TX .I'flOH "iyi 

a:yaxs x jyaxn 
-T^x^xa ayi n^K 
Vt an 1 in ay .bid 
i rx w: nx; nyax 
oxn ""ox^yE &a*T 
-pya ia«pi$„ Tia tyannnxa pn jyayn^ya 
->aa^x^xa ,x npnww P» !« anya /'twi 
_ xa n pa a-ajynaxaix ya»a xnjxaxBxna yt^ 
.ty^aixa y^^a^x^' 
a^D ix; tyaxn aixpya xt l"* ^11 TN 
x viypyi d^ii "^s .i^^yE^^a ya^ay 
a^a jy^sax "aaaipiv,, ny- pa ^yE^a p;v:x* 

.jyaxa'v 
axaayp i^x pk pnw nnx 1 sups a>a 
;^nn txaaynaJXP "iyn lynxiiya tyapy^y 
axn ny ya^yii ,yiy-\ x pa aisopx t-« pk dx 
:pniv inx 1 »n mn ayia:xP pk tya^xnya 
■nyn:in in jynnyianyia ryaa^x^'xa n,, 
aaxa iy"? .nax^ px D^iinynaytPtt ,iya 
ayiaaxP PK lySn^a iyTx^ "n jyvnp px ayii 
»t .aany^ayi nyr pe a'aayna jyny> px px 
-ayapxii kh nxE nxisn yrcan kh jyaxn 
ivi fK p^DiBnana nyn ,y:x~E-aaxia y~ 
^xa^sxP nyvaxa nyn ax~ .s^vine iy»"ia 
px tx^pnx^B kh nxE nixiya [ya aKV, 
(jy^vanaan nay ry^pxnxna) aai^^ntiiya 
ayn nxa a^ana jya^T axn jyEXT y5»x pe 
px ya^aa^a xh nxE ,anxsaxP lya^^ayn 
WWP yrfyv, px ,aa^pmaay yE^aEx^yTya 
W^'pnp x finx xm piyii avaya anyn:x a-: 
-a^x tyrn Tfn .^a aiv tynynya ?yno .raix 
lya.xL-Ex nyn^K tinx »t jy^yn s^'ans jyaxa 
ly^yn p i x ?xa^sxP div a^p;^ynanyaaiK n 
■ayn ayn tyayn ^xt ^xa^EXP nyn tx ,iyaxa 
ay: a:yn t5>aya nyn aa^n »yi axaa'ax ,ty^ 
px ann?; lya^yn ,ny:^x d?« .^xa^axP 
n^ axn .a^T^x^'xa pa |ys>vans-nana n 
-axny: nn axn ay) ^a ?yrn pa Tya^aanyE 
T« A,, v r (mKnaytaa-n^sa ayn jyayn a5yn 



(126) 



• ESnplX KH 



22 



^Biss h pn Byp yiyu8 h p« ?8tt<&gp 

."b."3ik n3 
PN.iwtfW* ov B»n Tini nrp* bd^p 
NriywmJVTOB nyayrypya nyn apipkb 
h pa nya"8 p« T8omyn DjyrTjna tjrm-ik 
->an8 ny*r p* DBOTD-fy^pp oyn nxs ony^? 
.p»ntDD - Dnyj"io nyi lyayp ty^DSP'TWiD 
-jyntjD h *i83 tyo$»nw ny tMtn jnjn ym 
in*p 8 b^b- »D*nywiv TiwnBn pa t#b 
opoanBa t>5*vb8j pk ynyn n .pnw »m 
.jyaaiB"* yft/^a pn tjrmmiu 
dbd8*vb h Bap 1H8 1 ya^By ytrcyS n p« 
h bot ,yj.sna snayasna k ixnsnya &y>i 
-p^8P*8B jyayp tyvn ix jyapfiiya-38 yoyia 
■ai3yT nypayi,, oyi p8 pk 1899 p« .d'ib 
tya^yp p« ,^'^Dny t's ryarony "?bp*5 
:pts bh«9MH pk. ay 

pk bd8*ib nyn pa Bpna nypn'^tsc nyi„ 
-8811 vw a^a nrryt ijrpxvnps ?yp ny D8P 
TMjip nyBaiK dxp ,p»k biijbp ny jn 
dkp D^Bnyn ,wpa pk pyn« Bnya fy^Dya 
jn»*u pk dot .typuwaow as bages* iy 
-a8a h ikb lyajB^iya iyi»^mM*D h dkp 
-8B imbnytc -lyrsjnyBPK ijn .i8 v ^pn«na ys 

-ySDSP tjm DSH' ,PK BD81D 8 pK DIOP^V 

.bdotd x Tin DBwyaaR onyp tyfc"B 
tawirifi yopiya b^botb k TKa dot Daayia 
-B8P pa mhhjpbk n laynnyp /ryoTiiMW"* 
*iya""R b^j dibp^k^d asn Tin fjN^Bya 
.P58B tarn ix t^vpnOTS iyn pa b^botb oyi 
-"iiya Byp dbdotb h pa tfsany nyn aP8 
tysy^ "btt,, b^j iKa ps TK^ByBBXP rs ,iyr 
»9jjiUPi\wa«K raiK bkh jyiB pi ,"Tno pa 
tot .Mnaynunya vi^iyw k nsa ,iypjjn iv 
-yj ynyTJix lyB^nyaisa dbdotb n Ty^yn 
-SD-DBsstMj' pa jranrpfij"* iin iv T-ypJOT 

."DlDT^8.iS 

Wi^uny ^uni y$« tx©$a nynir tyovy^ 

^yp^BIS 'UW^ttD^K^Ip TW , B3 , t3 KJ8J N 

tsBap^fc?ii„ iyn t^n* doot8 pnyiyna pa 
-H .3iio«x jnjfMS^wsxn Boayn. k ,"bd^3 
o^rn -\vtfvnyi w iyjyfe Ty^P^ns yn^yt 
nyii .btuudwv runo« ^sj i^k lyj^K^y 

nyn iv .jy^iB^v D'coinii pa pw tanyn 
tynyryi sjw a»n pinDD-fy^np njn pa »«« 

ny3 t^k dibt^s^ud ny*r i«ii ,^yp^B"i8 tn 

,B!S!^2 TyK'^SBSP K l^K — ty*Wiy:i Bn^HB 



m TOTisa }yrn Dy nyby^a ojjnssoyB 
;rwaiB"» yrrtytB B-iynnn m itwd up'i3«3« 
lie ts^otipt'X k »t iya«in iwmstw y^{? 
.Dy^ssP 4oo,ooo inyByjaw 
"iy^^8B.8p nyn t>x pmv nn«^ »iw b^b 
rttm x bib dtiik iwn»p a ; uPD , ay i an« 
-ys^ jya^v, nx«;3 « B>a .oidt^s^^d iyiy; 
"in"B„ nyp-it?" 1 vj nyn px Tyay^iy p« *iyo 
,1901 nyaBysn tyBM oyi bt>bot' .lyey? k 
-dnb lycBJSBDyBOTa lytDBiinya oyi pa 
oyi o>H"-ncnRB B«n TjoJjni .Iisbpj n«a 
iy .ewpopfljpanR nyi ryaya diop&s.?vsd 
t'k fiynn iyn .3^ h- p»a n«J nn^» B>a 
nyar« w lyvasj i^k ot on 1 ** aa«? iv *iyan 
: wis BDy^^ ny .ly^jf? 
nyan yx pa ,tb iv ^^c t>8 dkii,, 
■jpp.k tyc^BD^N^^D ayn pa ayt Qy n ' »na 
■ya ny^^OT8B an dot an^a tk £»m f 5» 
."B^rn nyi jib n«n n p» ry? 
pi iyry5 nnyo ^yD^as brh "tb^b„ h 
h ...spnyB8 tvk ly^y^a ye"BD^8 , v.»o n 
iyB:i« ?iyn3 nyn B^yB^ya bot y^vpOTJn 
Dy-t lya^s tkbv: i3jmw„ :^yByp tyBys x 

."dibp^vxb 
lyayii iynyn cyay b^ii tsvk ijtii ,b:^h 
tyaya ti« i^k TK iyp f tiaowBio»5P djt 

: ^pfiBf»a x 

iw"K 18 pw fya^ni DnyBiwi yiyrais*,, 
pa rytya oyi b^b h^^j^m i^« .tt w^no 

typB ,B38^^yrya nyi pa aa^pmBjy nyi 
^in ly^MBiv wrac >: i8a nyD^ii dkp «i 
ni*»T b^b ixnnaw tw»t dkii ya^rx n^s 
B'B lyina^aiR iya>n d»i yanrs p« ya8^ 
"nnOT pb nyByBty nynx nynnB .ya8^ ly^t 
■yB8 h pai 3ai$»noi"K n BB^B^ya tynjn*- 
ytj"t3^8B yDPna ^iiv p« DiyBiNii ny38P ,- i 
Bjni yayinBw n pa »na*nse n .iy"&*iss 
h p.x yansa p^n nyaais jyis^apaiv t: 
-axas t'8 nyBaiK yay-naivaix h pa iibirs 
-Bay anayBty tt Byii aanyiana^ yp*r .jnjn 
pa »m«fi n r,ya8P pa ,iy3-i8^ y5s w^p*« 
-n8'8B nun px t^« y^^jni f y:y^nBivai8 n 
■in n "rayn yirrx t^k rwn^^nK Byii ,B.ya 
nya>K nyan "t ty^yp d5ik»ot p» .aany^a 
aa^^nB*iy3 jva nyBD'o ya^Ba^n n Ty38B 
nyBayiya 8 p« jyiya^p k ,; i8a Dintaa^n pa 

JIB ^BIXB H p»I ByVi ^B183 p»K .48^2 



28 



•p^a^ys nyta^ans jin j^T'pe 



(12Z) 



ikb bxt-jxp nyrjYK .una yoxm, 
18tj>py5y ijn px .dbikii 541 bkh .n^yo 
BrayjyjaK k-p5sb bkh lyaoyiisj p/Bvy^ 
,8?^x .tsyp-'ta b^bd nyniK *ixa dbikh 1571 
*»» tin ?«no nyBDyu nyn rx f rt3jyp pk oy 
-tpsrKD mn b^b "lyjJiynj'K Dy'DjKB>n ?yj"r 

1103.11 ,8^B ."M0fl B»"ltt r'spiK B1BP5 
TJHJ838 rya»n ?ya jyB dibp^vxd ny": 
ArpfcD lis Bjyn:xBDy*nxp nyi *n hu"b 
,nny tx iks tyonyjjx nyax ditx ryp rya 
yt^BD^x^xD h pa ?"iiB nyDDyn," ijn tx 
•wa^ynjn iv ijh«t xt^xb pa BiyBiKv. 
.b«£-djhbti b^x 
lyDMnj x B&prnya'K px pT&a**5o 
.dbikp yapyii '•ax bw ?pi ny :*iya"$W3.^K 
^11 ny ; y^BD^x^xo pn i^bx jyjyB »r 
bkh ;13 ,|.w inyr .DBiKinyB^aiK txj 
yoDyn: n pk ByBn^psB n Bxny:i dikw 
Tfoy: f «"fn$ b^bd nyn pa BnyBK> *ij»b 

->to ,D12B85XP /ByjWD /UtfjW-Sp pK 

BB^ew Uftwi arrx jyiya .ixb^h n« 8"! 
"pa y:iH5yBnyB^"5p h p8 onyoisa n 
.mao s nxa pk *wbk ? d"h ijni i»j .iyj 
h p« onyBixn n pa tDyons^so n tx 
»t P8 ryBD^XB^axP iyj"T BnyBt? yo^n: 
h ? ?y djrbtt iufi BfcpBrya dki ryaKfl 
-ya 18J t»«$»a |yawi lynKBjtfsne y'nnx 
-5yii r b8nni8P d'siikm pixb -ikb bb>b$j> 
bj^b dkh ! ?y-ixnyj ByBpy^y PK ivb 

?VPK 

■D"o n T8 ,n»a»s b>b jyppya 2kh vk 
fyaipyjiv jyj"t dbikh y^BD^rs^o yo 
Tmya ytj»BD^ia$a h ikii ,db"bd ur pk 

tMJtn 'T 1811 ;pTKD» tyiiyi ^8»8 T>8 WW 

f>i8 ryonjn ,y^m p»p o5bpbwji b^j 5ism«p 

-yj lyo^c y^^DD^8^8D pa dp8hxiv nyi 
rs ,ai^ tsr? I'K rrx tyn pa ,-iyjy^p tyii 
Bjiy'iW'yj B»n ^onss y^^D^s^xD h 

PK tD-|^D>V JHSas^D .DD1811 y^^C^lBXB 

-nDD^8'V8D 8 pa nyDiyii h ^yp , »D*i8 p»t 
nyD^sii bj«d ny) ttoyu n pa "iyjiyi fy^ 
oy T8 ,t3*iy^p-iy tasn nya^yn ,(t5»o d^»8b 
■mil ts^^o lya^sfl 8 t8i8B ry^8T twt 

.DIOT^S^lJO D1V lD3"3ya tyj^T D811 D"iyB 

D811 ,tyDD^iB8B yjyryiiya ?»t ry.^n nyn 
~iy ,iy3y>na iv tyj8to^y:i^ 1896 t^8 ?yj"T 
? ,i fit3ii8nKB-"e*i8a nyc^8 nyn .tk iy^P 
?yoD^8^8D h »a t^k ryBD^iB8a h tyayj 



,ny28t3P8 ?yoi8 oyi /'niK'DjyD pj \i-„) 

.(1902 
* * * 

•ny: tyj8ii pa pw> nn^8 ttnytr^nya tovy^ 
ny n p« www y^^D^8^8D tt fyo 
-•J8 iy^ , BD^8 1 v8D pip nxn jyo 1811 ,nya 
pk Du5a""»*usa nw^oc^xjp p'p ,18&8b 
D8ii V2V na ^>n8v h ? jynyryj b>: jyri8 n 
ytj"t30^s^8D pa. ryt28THJ8P nxa lyn^D^ 
nyi pa 5»no ly^^p 8 tuu P8 ty^Di^a 
nyn b>d tyi>pnD8aiD'»D D8ii ,yDD8o nyD"»i"i; 
tya«n tut^py^y ivvty'? ivi »a .di»p5»'X8c 

t3"tDD Dyi PK B»«TT-HJ»P y^'BD^S^SD ,- " 

pa ^ny i« .tayn^yo ?yo m ,ryrivyj 8"H8 

0^0 18J BKH DJ8^H lyBN ,DD1811 20,000 

.DB18H 106,000 jyj,8ipyj p^w i«p tjpb 
D8i tyry^iya bw 28n vh T8 ,bj8T pn«as^o 

VW PB iy»8BB' "B18S P't PB DB1811 h 

ay B8n ^8 .DBI811 njytnB Dpyr p8 OTjpuiri 
a»n ^'8 5»m jyt^nya iv BBiryj bw yp8B 
Dy^x ryiy^ ikb 18^P pk oy rx ,BB8iy^ 
-ya B3"5 nyax Dy ryp ^ n 8 .jynyt ^n dkh 

v:„ n B«n rx^py^y lyjy 1 "ikj *i^8B 
h D8n„ B38ty: "wib"vop?8B nypn»v 
-s'xsd-Sssispjib iyBJ8:y:8t pn n^a 106,000 
■yayjyjax s^ns yB88B^ d^k rjx^n ty&D'? 
"Cju iv widjhbb' yj^x pmyD^ fya^Btj' \v: 
."typ^iya tywjnaw ly^BD^s^so ryw 
lya^ytByn pk :jib"v vvi B^nyxnjn ny»>Pi 
8 "a bxh yoxjy^ m lynn^ D8T .frngB'iy 
•y: njy^.r^p pm jj^b^-p^bbxp lyoma 

TT2 Tfi iy f 111 ,y381E H„ TyD:8r,TT B^yBL" 

^n^38By pk DByoDiertrojtf oy^ aauna": 
,""t Djyiyiw"Byj tya^Ba8^:yD8Jyj oyi^a 
wtHgBop,, yj-8*ia nyn pipk bkh DJtwrn pk 
■"p 8^ Baw cy .oniyj nx^ :ByBi»iiBJ8yj 
-dp^xb -iyp~u$"' v:„) ."wiopk rnyni8 tv; 

.(1899 ,iy2ByilX3 28 f "WJB"S 
DJ8^n T8 ,DXT BO^n L'^T'X bdx"ib vik 
B1811 p»t P8 BB^X^XD ^yp^BLV X P« 

b^b un'Pfloufio^o dkp jy^yD pa bbkbl" 

"MIB^SOP^Kfii,, H fUni .DlBPf'X^'XD Dy*r 

?p*nw t^y°y2 8 toj ryB rn*n /itx b:x* 
xt *in>8 B8n ,ji:y: b^ txj pk cki 2nx 
;yB6 oyi bt^bkt .x^^xb pa Bixsyi x 

-V811,, Dyi PX WWW PK DKl! ,19^ 2 ^IBX 



(128) 



•tasaipix «n 



24 



pa "iyj."« .B^pa^Pini *un px inyTyaopx 

Ttt PX DB"BD yt^BD^ieXB yDOPDaPl H 

-D^axs h ?ya«n lyBim .urwrwSwP urn 
nxn ;*n$nyn$:i x ]iy"i 5*08 B&nyj WB 
-»jjn xh jytD^nw nr»o irnyx »m ryasn tya 
tyaxn xnxnx^XP Px .Biyni yny"t px an 

ton ^D 1890 pX DaxnyJDnX WJtoTtSfc KH 
B3yV«.nS 23 *1XJ 1900 px px tDjyxsiS 21.8 

Pib> riyjymya tyrn Dxn nyjyo y^x fie 
wk .lyn^aix-Dixa y^>x Biyaynyjj^x 
-\xn h pa Bayvxia iy*r tx ,iyDnyjJU B:yo 
urn .*>yatynyn nnyayam tw px D~iyB 
^ nxa oo^B'ya jyB^xn BWUflB y^x l^ax 
*n Bxnyj b^ tix »t tya^n ,KiDD<ftfigfi 
,n$ft> x^x px Dy .b^bd px ByBnx^o 
~»x pa .tyoip taniow tyaxn dbixu »n tx 
x px .tyoni wn btic ,xnxnx^XP .nyB^a 
-x^xp pa myj"c h px ,onyj"D pa B"B0 
-D^iaxa nyi px bsxb x tyiw tw»t xnxn 
»t„ tx bj^d pnxaxto ."tnsa ~\yvr>v 
naxa h pc yp^x jyayyi Dn"«>re tt jyaxn 
-^t h— tyamyn^a xnwwwsjn w»bd^ 
nw T'^PTn to oy ."janyrnja n^yj nya 
PK tyi"T xixix^x-p pa ony;"B h I fjtt»5 
ttYDinxto^Hrraa nnyB tyny; :unjmJs& nyn 
yytyj x tyny:i px ay jot to .onyonxa n m 
tw y^x no mitjjti lywwais h t« 
.nya^n *n£in tx^B pxaia nnx jya^pJTO 
•>n .Tin* tynyj lya^t pa pns nyn px 
Bxn nm*o no x px ,bj3P?8*is ipvaia spix 
umya fjtf"T. xnx'ixSxp px w^aajja? 1 ? 
Bxnyj tyax-n myj^o h pk »pa :njyt3c 
"iyn tyn .tn? tytsij px D"sn« y^H^yo^ 
■TO jytn Das^yjBK i893 p« oxn oyiwsp 
lypjnya T^na nya^r pa< T^na nyi t^n ,r3H 
-yi tyj^r oiyj^o n ps ,iyasoi^ tstinya ryo 
tntj' ttpk DnyBtj'i.Ka ,»»ra ins jyay^a 
-sa yiyjx^'pxyi,, h wwnya x nxa dxv, 

tyn is ,BBsnya lyaxn »t ? snsns^P pk 
# iynn>aon« ^xt "tansa ytr^Bo^iasa h 
B^anx ymjyB^ tyjnp nyB^n «t ty^yii 

.tyjn? yBu px 
nya^n n px iny^nx b^ xt ^ni ^>x 
nyn tx tyt^nya Bjypy: B^sn -px .yjxia 
^5tj» nrx t^x jj-nyixa h dxt pni^yj 
,yDx^P""iyB^an^ *un pa tyoy-iyBJ^x n nxa 
h .•••'x yjytxtoyjonx i"p nBiyn b^j t^k 



panyn jy^ii »t rx ,pixb^ n?x Borx iyn. pa 
-^"x nyn b^j p« pnxax^D .typni' b->j nx: 
-yaix bxh rnsp^n .Ban^n- nyrn p« ny.i 
-x^xa iia yBa^yi n nya^x ^iia x tyayn^ 
tyBnxi Btoyvnjn ny »??'«»« px didt^ 
pa .oy^x^XP y^^BD^iBXP "$tjt$b pa 
- xn Dxn ,iyj^x"iya xiixixaxna ypj^B>a 
jpyiy^a— ;pd"ti itw ix b^b BTBD^opy ?ya 
^WT] nyn pa .nypyamj h pa ,pnis 
■o^iass ny-i pa nyax jaioyiiya ^?nx^n 
lyBD^.^xD ^d k Dxn .aaiJiniya ny^^B 
Dx.n tix tyDiaya 5"f»iis wn px jyaxn 
nyBjyniyj id x tyiw pk mxaBx^B ^tx 
n pa dixbbx^b h ni dibt^x^vxd div 
■ynya ny^^BD^^axa nyi pa — ,nypya:n:i 
■»t dxt .tyast ix cxn b^j nxj iy bxh um 
■jlia pn lyjyn b;xt dxt r Tn yj^o b s j tyj 
wymwwii na nxBpxnyn ijn ,o:xb"d 
-Bxpnx jx, p^k — ,"nun BD^y^xD ^xj 
-^d nyax nxa Biyna Dy tx nya^to^xna 
Dy dwii D^n px Boyii n pa bb-xb^ djxb 
n pa lyBD^x^xD n .tyBixn vt ^ihb 
nxa h b^b Bj«pya bu bubtb tyj^t bd^x 
pn "t ty^xt tyjxn pa .BDyn h pk ty^B 
nya yDDyna yc^BD^xB^axP n ? Bjxpya 
-^:vxd n .jnaynya BoyBxia yiy^ Brnw 
-yB^x-^Bixa ay^ix bxh yDDyna y^^BD^ 
■xpHjjn yiy 1 jyri^ixa wiyB^x ^nx jyoyn 
ny^^BD^x^xD iyi a^myons Jjiaynya itf 
nyi pa nyn.Ta n i^a»x i^uy t^a ,^B*ixa 
H pa b»j "^nx jyD^n bd^x h px "BngiS 
D'pnxaxto .BDyn n r^x lyaaiaynyaDp^xa 
an^x .T^n raw oy »pnwa ^yp^nx 
-x^xd yr'byn xh tx ,tyan>a cj Tt b^ti 
■vnv h pk Boyii h px jjiaynya y^^BD^ 
nyi px .jj'iJiynya ly^^BD^iaxa nyn pa va 
ytr^BD^iaxa h ? pn Dxn jyp ni ,1'dbx 
nxa pa "Bnxa,, x jynyj w px ^bixb 
px /'Diyoixa nxEi px DiyBixa Tin ,D*iyo 

y^-'BD^X-'XXD H TX .DH^N T'T B3XT Dy 

nx pa BnyB^ya Dxn ^btxq x t^x "B*i»a 
jyayaix ?m ny .nynxBy^xia pa ,nyB^a 
ry^n Dxn. lynxtry^xis nyiiyj tyj"? oy tx 
ytj'^DD^iBsa h px tjnxiiyj lyonyaB^o 
tD"»3 tyrn »t„ ,iy bdxo ,~iyax ."ja^ynya 
Dito^K nyi Bxny^ tyaxn axn h tsniyj 
."^b"ixb ly^^BD^iaxa nyn px 
bxh "^xt h m ixb pip x y^T-pB^ ,u 



25 



•p^^sa nyta^3*u$ pn ftjtPT'PB 



(129) 



,1"bbbp 5*MwypTy*is \yvxy'? nvi tpn 
*8»in h T8 ,iyppyjDP"i8 tt Djjn. Dy iyn 
iv D"»3 lyDnnDMx p>p o«n "tnsa yt^D8iP 
-»s y^a, ^t Bogn .Bwrnins # ly^nymy 
■»d nyn 18 iyDs5B>y:u$ Tjnrpa y^BD^ia 
"sp t&paSytoin pk ."truss "waD^if 
D8n ,cdi8P *isjnytt$rD'P"i nyn pk ,hwh0 
I&ptpb I'spiK 1900 p« nnymyi ttfnyyny pk 
,ty&8iP8»yi n« lyaD^asa n pa ayp^ 
WP8D»$b*jmjsd *m ps lyasyn 8 iinyniy: 
n^no "iyt2:8pya 8 pk dbikp ."ansa 
■»m .Di^sprN. lyD^iyj 8 esn P8 tDD^spjp 
nsa h ms^nya nijjiyiisrD"i , i 8 ?yii ,"iy& 
Tt BD'fcp px ,nytapy?y dtpk D«n dsh ,'ud 
r»m:"H r« dst B38D ,nyny-n*o8 w t8 
tyn^nyj a «a t^tbsj .Dny»i»^ n una 
.tyoyj n t^o typ'inyi d^j jya iyp Bs^sa 
art jyaxn DiytDiKii yB"BD^iaBB ya^yn 
,»ust*b y^DD^xsD ^ nsa tso^^ya oyn 
njn *pw yp^yaanst isibb nyax pk oy 
ly.vn ly^D^ yt^DD^jpxsc H ana : ttfyp 
■ViWBaan ti« jyDD^iaxa n pa tyoipya Bra 
-^aiayn h pa myix*. tw »»i iyo8B&J> ,ty» 
■yj "WJ&p^aisyi h ^xi fya»n isn ; lyj&p 
lyasn iyaa 'its *on ,dbwii lyiynix »p» 
-yi h p8 lyaD^iasa ^ nya\x vwtvi »t 

? lywipstt 
■bn^bd^bsb njn px jyasn ,tMKtiu »n 
h iy»uy:i 5>"nra:i« lyp-isocp 8 ajuyiiya 
y>x tn no 8i iyax ;iyt3D^s^p - TnD 
*i8j Pi« "omsfi yB"DD^x$D n rs ,iyn^yo 
n px .<»En»a y^n»&y5iri&-pn p»p &"0 
n pa id 8 iyj8uts>ym "vph w iw»t ooyr. 
H iypn «t p8 f 8Sij Diymsa yt^DD^axa 
; ya^D^D8iaD8PJi8 jm^as^v^nrnxn y»so 
rnw ty^n ny^D' , o8"iao8P h ,tainyp*«?a 
nyi pa iyny^aiD>o jw»a& , »j*^V"T.»*T*3 H 
? T^naniD 8T8 *nja i"« t^yayj m ."»*i«a 
8 d^jd .typniya C8T ^"^ ina*? nu 
nyts»DD^{ov8D "\m mn pmv o^s vwp 
r« lyp^yaas iKpD«.iayj pa yt^D$p d^dd 
,^P8^ 8 pa Tsmmstm 8 isa ust^^p^as 
tyJ0'8?ya myaoya h pa oyDn^8» h 5"p 
^yo^o ya^yt8 u^o jrosSp^yiD^ nyn w 
^msa y^DD^B^^D n txnso « tyo Dan 
tt^^i n ?yn .^Di8a-iyn.8Dy^8"ia 8 18a 
.lamwstfmB pa »nan«a -8- pn i^pn^i 
.bDnsnya ta^ 18^ ^yts'o ya^yts iyo »5ipi 



D8ii ,i3J8.ryja8j "v$J 8T tyasn ty^D^8 , v8D 
nyTjix i8a *iyas .tanynyi iyaun tyn^pisa n 
5>8t : jfloani »'j *i»a ydma n ?^8 pyiw 
-8^.p8jn ryiiyj pn ajnjnjja yrn T8 ,t ,, T 
-j'n n ty:y: unija t^8 n T8 ,pn ^jjt ,nyj 
h ,^aa yo8?P"*iyD"an« nyi pa tyoynyta 
pa, lytD^sn nya8 8i8"i8^8P pa Diyj^n 
,my:"» H "i8J ft'J P8 ; lyxu t28nyj nn^ 
"iyD8» »^y^8 lyamaiya dj^o n nn^i 
;*iyt>"*n nr.R px ,3"vy: ,ryr^8^ ,iy^8' 
"XB ijn ^8 Drnay^ya !y:^n dj^d h jyi-, 
isaiyn .ta^taay^ya 8^8"i8^8P o"dd nyv 
h lyiiyj 8^~i8^>8P pa nyta^aiK n iw^'t 
.iHTOfi ny^^D^iaxa nyi pa yv^^-Dann 
* * * 

■8^8D in fyoi:yj tj ^8n iyj8ii pa 
nyn pa ? 8n8~i8^8P pw oik^ ny^^D^ 
ya^jm ,myp^» ^8 t8^ , nirya nyooyn 
-8^8D isn pa tybDJia iv Eny^piy ^in D8n 

ttn^D'JS P18t3^ D8Hi P8 "tDHSa iyB"»D^ 

?yrn Turn .oas^py^y n ^a "iDnsa n 18a 
? Diyj^o 118 istj^nxnya pyDcyii n iya8 
typ^ntiD D8U nyto^ai8 yra^yrn \yi»] D8"i 
pw t s 8 .t3D8nt3-nya^T Dyn |yjy: iyov\s 
ryrn 8"t8*i8^8P p« Djyt3.D>^"ii rg ,18^p 
-8a h. pa tyoipy- ddi8ii ya^DD^s^sD n 

? tyBD^SPTVa y^iD^1P80yT^ , t3D^1B 

■«tav5D dsii ,iy^p8a ya^yrs lyrn c^i 
linin t3^ pK tyoni Dan«ny: »i tasn vi 
"8D h |jn»i tcbh T8 ,1"^ t3?yn ^in p« 
-y: i^j 8i8i8^8P pa lyn^D^ yB"&D^*p5r 
-n8^n 8„ D11811 ,ny:8P^aiayi h pa tymp 
8 t^8 — -iiv8 DmytMnya — ^Dnsa aya 
y^^DCv^s^^D i8a 7^ya lyisatsana mya 
::ny^yi n ta»n D8ii "&*i&b n m nynt 
8n8H8^8P o"idd nyi p« 5«yi i "TJ&n p« 
nyn p« jyiiyj "trwsa "iyj8P^aiayi n pk 
8 tinijniyj 18J pw n t^k .tayon^'o 
nyj8P^aiayi n — .""tansatDytD.**^^., 
pa jjny^yn yvxsa ,_ i ^^8n ya^yn ."onsa 
iTjyn ynn^8 p« tyo88»B» yoj^^snya n 
,Dt3D8it3 y^8 t8 Dyi pa pw D"iyn *iyn 
■in n tyo^nyji nvy^ pa tya$n typjsa y^8 
D8*r tiiyn y-iy^r ps ^nDisa iyj8P^aia 
ppiDQpftpygB "i8a i^ya "iyi8at3ana 8„ vk 
lyanpnya tyo iyp ta^ii ^tk i "nynr 
-i^sx D»iTT^5a"»'tmsB dpk frvi iy» lim 
•tynyr iyp -iyp>8 iyiy^ d^ii ,iy»P8B ?y;yp 



(130) 



.BSJlp'iX «H 



26 



jnjnjK v t$ tw^na vwpy) ta5«.p tk 
pr lya^yroyn pk jya"t ya^>yp .iJtfp^wi* 
■in nyn pa ta^s njn w tynKiiya tyaywj 
nyaK ; K/>nKa>?Kp pk hwb ijjspk y^sa 
ns ay^. pa 5ypna*iK p*k ?"t auyj tsyii ay 
pa yj»*t ,s.n»r« t^vpya nyn pa nyn^KJ 
-5yp .Kmsa^Kp pk d5kps5 ytaap-iKta^ h 
pa T^ayraspn ,mkt ny pi .Dnsytwjra ya 
-lyniK pa otaisayn h pa„ .dwi»b 
o^nyxijn ,bpk tt tappi T^^ayna^p ta^aa 
h spik vi twu»m»a mtoiKfi h t* ,">y 
ijn"K ,nya^ diisp^xkd pa lyapunB 
tan pk ,iyta"an:8"triK5 n ,ny-ina jny"t 
ijn pk jna:yp iron pk nas^o Dnymsfi 
»>n lp: -iKa D^yayj b$t .Dnsae^B-o^BD 
-k^vkd yvj»; h tK ,?yny^pny bkp ,vvw 
nsa "ikj ta-ppaKxiK pk ntanwa ww? 
tya^:na yta>na n /u»»a , nttntf5 ayn 
-5k yapis **s pk Bagp-wina yi"»y:tf8 pa 
pat tansni ajuypya-DHiK'naya y^naya 
pa j:ny5p-iy nytn pk ryaynya lysisi 
?*k ,tt &3*n .yos^p -iyta"a-iK-tnK5 nyn 
,ry^»atj3»o DosntD yap*p h *pik UPWMS 
■k5pb> y^yntaanPK j#k wavron ya^yp 
-»ya iv Jiiyj p»r B^K-tya Bgn .T'fcw ?ya 
-y^x lyB^ayjya pk yoajnp y-iyniK tyju^K 
."yD8$p-*iyB"an« h ikj B'j ,ryn 

bkh "W«ffi ny*r tk .nitfp ma pk ay 
Tyna ojn pk aynyBPK jyasjp k n»a 
V?vbw pk ny pk ,*ia»8P tyt^Ba^K^p 
.»HrHS&"W , M 1i s Bna 3J.wj"*nyfii k ryjy; 
■»Ki> nyi tiq ty-iKPyj bjkw e>ppaa pk wn 
ByBanmya tatjsn ya5>yp ,B"t nya^Dnasna 
lyn ana t^b^bpk awi«injffl„ nnyj tk 
-"bibb yjy\, tyj"t "yfi.s$pnyn"2*wnfw$ 
-5a»*oiw pk ajw^oay.B'ya aycini .myaoyn 
nynjsjs wny pk jyj»^ tyojnytarK ynKa 
-^K.n pa ^KniKi j .it pa tiyna) ."dk^p 
pi« ,1902 ,1 lyanyvyi ,K , :*isa. , »?4?.p ^ikii 
(J3ib"v nya^yny^ 

"K^d m^ii >11 ,?ynyr i,t« tsjyp f^anyi 
.tDDyiv r n t^K yj8? iyr cd dspya pk pn^a 
t^K ny ,iyii ^as id^j pk piksik5d j^ 
"KD tsn pa nytsynpyD-^KJK^KJ ijn tmiya 
ly^^np-^Dayn k pk "ohms ny^^D^K^ 
njn pa Tjrr^Ma^D yrna^ h tyn .t^jyrjKto 
k^i nrnyo ts^ tyo^ii od'k n pk ^cixa 



nrj3H man h tk ,iy5yoB>iKB Tt IjTik myp 
Di^ya k lyDKB ^kt iWDmya im* d^hk 
p»t lyrio DAKaj ynn^K jid wo^-urista k tk 
■nwivas urMiifiwyj pk \vn tyn ? yta'^oy^ 
-Koy^Kia-on 1KB "yanKJ DjyvKiB,, k ij» 
t,ypn 3wyi»pji"ri ts ,nK^ ay m^nya ,iyn 
nya m«tw inyt ty^yoy^y-DK^p^yts^o h 
.»in«a nyi pk lyo-Kie 
.Diyonsa jyjyii Jy^yaD Dxy^ 
nyn iv ,pniv ihk> rya^snoiyn^. ^» 
jytsD^snMjo h pa tK^tpa ~iyn pa o«x 
-^kp t'K "m8B-nytD ,,, a~iK-tK^v ny^ ^o 
ay-;, pk tyiiw- ^a^myay-iya |jtt»T .y^iKa 
siyna yrpn k "tsa^y^Ka ay^yt^njK dk^. 
,^opW"BT«a nya^K D*iiyaoyD _ ^t5nKa pa 
-wiya^K y^K t^j rtos^a p»p 8"t axn tk 
.ty^y>BB"'a ikkb k |yay: 5W r$ .tyayj 
-pa pa nyjjyj ^ pa Dpai»ia»o» "iyi 
"*?w pj» «t3n«B.rTSt»»ariK iyi tana ik^t 
Tvn tinsiiyi DpmyjBPK ptk pn iK>nKa 
.mtaan nyjy 1 pa nynn^a h pa nya^K 
t'K pK ,K.tajy»8*ipKiD pa tsonn^K iKny 
-y^KO ay^y^niK aK^„ ayn pk ^ypnans 
.1902 -iyaoypKj iyo22 ojn pa "oa^ 
iK^iKa-DnaKiaoKP po k ayay m\, 
lyna^KD^BKP pa tjik is lyoipyj ^kii 
-ya 1H3 tyttfsu .ny^jntsnya yny^t nynK 
nyo^aiK i'k nyaK .ty^KT iv otjni taawn 
■»JwnK ytJ'nKtay^KiB y'noK iIk I "tnsa 
^.kj dkii I'nsTWiw^smrtui^v k Uk^kt 
-3K3 h t2Kn ny^yp iyj«t od^k^vkd « typ 
~ikb y^aa^K^Ka n tk t2p:yiya o**x ys 
-KP38J1K »wn«Mr5mB k w)«» t r K "» 
ryonyj is pw* oix nyo^ans n pa ik 1 * 
kt pk ? pe^wroawan nyn pa rtanya 
nsa k ,w^ ww k tynxayj Mi^i^a tsnjni 
-iy-i pa tyajnynsa y^K to^any -wrtw ,"t) 
tDDiK^ya-tya^p ,"tan«B *iy^^a^8 r sKB 
pit? pa tk ...ty^Pi ^K3 typ nan n pi 
pk iyo"B iv typya tyjJiKiisyj taas inyt 
nyniK bkt ,B^:nB ayn ~ikb ^d~ikb i]r. 
tiiK y^nao^s^KD k oaytDony t>k ^»n«a 
bkt . . . "tanKanyt^anK t's BjyD^piv ntw 
ryna^K^KB nsa pnoaiKpya yocinaani 

■ya BK"! t^K "13"1KB y^tDD^K^KD H PK 

TP^a &: pk didp54P¥.kd pa p^tddykii 
"dikb y^J n ya^yp ,t n maiKPya-iyBK^P 



.pifc^KE nyto"2-l8 ps JK^T^S 



131) 



,!V3^v 8 r« dv tiK f Dt5i»ii ynyas^nsiiyn 
d^o iyj8BBnyaj ,,| « iw»i DnyoiKii n T8 
nsa ny^DDn8 1 V8D nyn na p'opso nyn 
-*»08fio»b wn»"t wn ay nyaiK [jm ,«ts 
dbikii yny^T ryayayaaa fyatjij ya^yii .onyt 

*"T »? 5"N ,"tn«3 W5"tDD^5»'V«ID H n83 
»D ,D10T^8"'X«ID. D1V NHUBTUin f«?B jyj 

-ansayn yayn^nya n pa DtiM-«K ayn Tin 
— yoyns yj"»ya58 n Tin "a .ryajuyiiya 
y^rDan^vsa h \vp ^ ,ya8na 8 rx isn 
ny^Di-'M nn^8 d-»d ryt^xnax »t "tangs 



.BDyii n px vt Dints ay dsjii pnxax^D 
tx nnyo nx; \vv t\-\$-i nmya 8 18a dx^ 
b*j fynytttsnya dd%k h na tytDons^sD n 
? tooyr, n pa ryaans^vxa n 
.yaxna h tnyD^ya t» pup tsxn jyo 
-g<Wb h tx .t^nnyn tyt^iwa TK 5m dsu 
"VB nyn na lycipyj ry^n ryD^B> ys^Dan 
d^x exn tsasn wpii— Jjwxniya *wputt)<?ia 
.jyn mine, ? lyoipya i»*»t »t nnxn na 
-ya jwtJWSTfi .yj'M'ii wsj 8 B$n ay 
j«wt»^» ,, iMjo h lyii .tk nyaaay ,mib>h 
nn ddikii 280,000 n tyjsnpyj »»n "ansa 
-i»K T-t tyia typ ,tip¥«»u* y:ya"x "vr* 
jD^DiriBBBWW tyj"f oxn t» ,tyrn 




.]j?n^tj;nB"n.Dnj?ri 



-yii dh nx nxn .nnnyii nx n.8t 8 xmi nnyra 
ton na y^na 5"^ AViwenim iv ayn tya 
nyaxai"8 nynn tyayii 1 tyaxn nypwnxynD 
na ^yaxna nyv:x:i nyn .tyjynya jair^ny 
-ya y^naasrnx-Dxay^x tis ynuyntD nyn 
d^d ?y» D8ii Djn p8 T5tMjtt»*R vnvw 
t^j TiK tid ry» .nna Dro ntsnyii fyottTiv 
d5>8 n8t 8 na nDnyri ayn ly^^oayosnx 
n-8i wtfmvi na nonyn ayn p« yn88n 
t>8 "181 8 D8ii oxn ^ytj^D-Da^nayj d^>8 
,8n nannayj D8ii t^nya nyn n«a fTttnjni 
lynsnya tyjnxyi nw P8 8n 8^i ayna^J 
-nya Bnyii |i8 pnso tya^Dax^^yrya c'jia 
"8t iv 8t p« .n^inayj B»ina d'j'k onnyx 
tya8<n typ n8t ya^yr kh .ya.8rt38nna tw 
yjyny^^nya nxa ynenjni yayny^^iya y^ys 
lin» iv ts>2 n»i e«n ntsnyii nuttn .ryJ8tnya 
«n uni ,&8n %t ya^ytn o^i ntsnyn t't^D 
lya^Daxi^^yTyj :'a^8 jn8Wi 8 "^ t^8 
I'nxa jyanvyi pniv tsnyii 8>r nyn^8 pnso 
t5«n n8t 8 C811 r\&w\ nyn .v-naw tD8ivne 
tsro ajiny^vya r^p p8 tsnyt>^ yn88ii d?« 
.^ytD^D-oa^naya d^8 n8T 8 na nonxni ay- 



.3 

.ynsynta-nDnyirDts^ans 




nony^r Dta^ans 8 1 

niT8 i>8 ,yn«iyntt 

ansa nyonay^a 

8n tyrayj nna sni 

m ^V ,cpn8o ^n8P s, a 

ya8rm8 kh cny^p 

ayn na B8» v n nx 

tyn88ii na nonyn 

D8n ,|3^8 8t8 >inK isa8^yTyjjyn88'n 8 P8 

a'rx iy^u>^-iy y558 tynyacjnye jyp tyn 

nyax .Da8^^yTya nyn na tyay5 ty^^»8J8py 

-ynts yryn tynyD^iya tyjyp ty^8t n^D aix 

"WtMW ayn ;yjn p« jyttfsn n^D jynn yn« 

-Dsna 8t« t^ 4 axn T8 ,nn Dan ana p« 

d^ n^8 ayn jyayn Ti*n ?y» axn nsr yn 
tyo taanp ^8»8 axn tya^ii y^8 : ryn^n 
nyn ,»D«n otn .nDiyii i'nyDai8 fya8t 
nyay^p r>8 D^nxvya y» |ya?jni nns 
ty^nxvya ivv no ?»D8 n« .nanyn a'ria 



(132) 



.esai Piv «n 



28 



-yn ejyamya \vp e^ais ye~pv^a»8P i»o 
tie ays ynymyo nyi«i »m ,"iiv *ikb ?yi 
Tjn pa i8i j njn ^8a ,&"ai8 nya-sna"* 
V5w$w &3"5a dj/ iy38 B^nBTv^aosp 
-^paye tjdw»"k. Jy^ ^n8* yoniya. 8 y5« 
eaayn jhkrii 8 pb nenyii nyn .e^ais, -iya 
aye "iyn8 ?yiaiBitp 5mjw Tift tia ^n ansi 
tsujg&apjnw pk drii ,B"3i8 iy3»ei"* 
_ eay jy-i88ii "iiv fjm .f^vpnma vpk *pi8 
~us "wa^dye d«d ya^yryn tt pk tye^sn 
jy-iyn p8 wroni lya^yreyn »» iya»n ,B"3 
/sp^a *pir T^a DB^ieyjD^K p"wjo I'anR 
neSjrrt y^8 irii .eaRB^yrya "iytai8 p« /on* 
-urn y£s inh ,oB8dyryi nyrai8 p* ,nyi8 
/tfyai ?yB y»*isa njn pr d>in tt typm yne 
-*y? nyi nse eciDyjons yna ijnyii "t 

.n^yj yooiD njra 
m '8 .typjyiyj nye^K iyaR ne jyo 
-»»eny ya^BaRB^ytya n ?yayii tt o^jnasn 
tsnsn tajjyn yis&u 8 pa, neiyn ijn jaia 
laya^va pa e^ans ^ram ,ny*i jib as e^a 
-jyvn«iB njnij ttayvnRna-BRiiina tyaftm 
?y»a>ii njnasi /vt pn efoneay «n jyo 
n y b > 5 o * i -b> a i n pb e^ans yB^ayn 
r*i pa aanaynaR iyn "3 eaiop-De^a-iR 
piyu ya^yu ^ye^e-Da^vpngia ya^anyiiya 
~iyn n » ny .oaNdyrya *iyn pn eamaya 
nypi pa wvpmna nyn «pik imyn ea»na 
pk yi88ii 8 : nyeiyn mms*. e^o .yi88n 
pr D,y b"n« Sy^ii ,ftpa nt8 neiyu e^a 
*pin fyisuya eaTiaiya yt»ii nya^yaiv 
-eiK nynaRtya lyeaiR .upvpruna wr 
*n r n. oy B«a*w ^pb^i nrusr ,tynayejs> 
tiBi is'vpnsis Tjn ^i^is !Jnjn-i ea^nanyB 
TDiK-DjR^vpnsna «h nyiDii« jhwjn iyry^ 
.ty^^D-c^^pn^na hh d^o jik tynaye^ 
■^yryj nyn ps enrraBna^K jyrn ya^yn 

,tyi88ii y^» isayii a^ean p« oytyn 
g PR .pnsn t'BMx tDB^ipiya jynyii ya^yii 
Tj» ^n^^nnyo kh ikh f eBW5^srBMJinwwi 
ny^n tyB^pnya »» dsii f ojn pa |yay^ jy^ 
ya^^ayo rh p« ,yiy"i>8 iv DMnpTso^sn* 

l'B*1K yi8811 8T8 BpJIB DBKHp-DB^a-l^ 

d?s nenjm >t.r tin mm:* viw r^ii piso 
tyvyryj ya^yrn pb en^e^ya enyn yixsii 
•4?rii ynynj.s pa nenyii osn tyo^epya dnii 
-«t r« eBKip"De ,,,, an8 vi'iwwo kh .jyn 



-{jn ti« t^v&so no ynwjn jny^ 5nRiiag 
-wuina tytJ'jyD ?"ii ntsnyii-DBmayj rya 
yB^yii ,now to^n d>j ly^njsn PR b^j jyi 
nyDiyn yiyiJ8 en .tya^nayj e^ ty^ii »t 
-RRii ^ d^s nonyii iyn»n \vp ^8T s ijn^K 
lyi nyag ,nenyii-DBn*iay3 ryaRn. xn tie yi 
.-aewrDaTiayj ogn «»n d^t p^s epRB 
.yi«?.8ii t»p "i8B e^ ^^j «n ea.R» 
»n nix .jriKKii » ivt ^sr -h«t n din 
■^esw^ytya i's^n hdijiii tyaan fyi 
-yj pb ttpn*na nyn pm «n tie ,pi8» BW 
8 ya^yii e^aiR pa ,B"an8 lya^eBRB'^yr 
-^yry: nyn pb jyvw nix ejyanyj egn. dye 
~i i 8 iRH t^8 B"ai'8 ya^K'jye rh. .eD>8^ 
tya^yii nnnyn n'pa d 8 o «h tin y b 8 t 
r nt3-iyiii D8n y-i8'8ii wn .esn ynssn- R^ 
Nn B"ai8 ya^B'jye DD8py^ B«n ny ^m 
"? y ^ a m t 8 eRji net pn ,typxrwrifi iv 
dpi D"2"i8 ya^dye ^ y "• Ei * 1 1 neiyn 
t'a^iN jjnunutt eay^yarns nn^8 p-n t^n 

•7JJ3 DB'^tDyaD^IR 1W\ tyi8811 18PI1 ,P"18?D 

tyeosoya neiyii "ly^r enyii ,nenyii ny^r 
pn t^n ya^yii ,id"bi8 iyB % ^aye nyi ^: 
nyi *aj ,myanypyjJ"N ,?yi8t w 8t ,"T 
ny Dsii B"an« nya^^ye nyi pb D^na 
.lyTxngna is «t lynuy: Dgn 
.n"Bi8 ~ine esn dmn e^a obno cy 
ns nya^t^aye' pb ONo^ryi ijn laynnyii 
-i^ayn pb iyopn8"ia h .ryiy^iya t>n o^a 
-»iip nyayiy^iya pa jyrn o^aig lya^ 
8H pn .ntfye yayny^tnya iyn8n ,oyo^ 
.eanrn ^vmi pn v>j rasa p^n e»arns 
iv oyo^NiiP swji ya^ytyn onh npt 
inb i^so^ tya^t ya^yii -yBNt iyn^n.8na 
nnR-i pn ey .eaR^yrya lyB^B'ayo nyi 
pa oyo^NUP nyi PN ny^nyoaiN ]"? 80^a 
pn o-iyanypyaa"N t^n ya^yii e»an» iyn 
jyp ny^"iyo:i8 nyn .|yi88ii yayny^nya 
-voa8iiP «n .oyo^oaNUP ijn P« P*» ^^ 2 
ryeDseya enyn o^ans lyB^t^aye pa oyo 
-dye 8H ya^yii. ,e"v Tin pa a:y^ rh ~nn 
-pi~8"ia nyn> p« taamanya eyn n^ans yB 1 ? 

1818B T>8 Oy ,T5T083. JH»WI 8 PB 18^ 

ya^yn ,e»an« yeany^ya nyn8 yeTvJaowP 
-iRya^anyiiya n>h neiyii inye eTvnsna 
nnye o^a anay^t .o^bin yty 1 ^ nya-8 ,e^a 
nanne nynyayn 8 p« o"an« ya^anynya n>h 

8 .o^bin yBNEa^N ^18 TPW on^nyn typ 



29 



.fyn$j?ne _ nB"iy" 



(133* 



•inj/D b .nonyrt yavypni* 4?. ^rj 
.ay can bpibo >-irp rpi ,n tn jii 1 
Rn. r« lynnymiR in ,opiib nytyn 

OB Rn P"D " 3") 8 JH 88 V, -yi MSiyOfiB^jy^R 

nyaeroam iyi t^k ,?y"T8tfii ynyiJR pR 
PR ,yn8yno-no-iyirao"a-:8 njn p* apjis 
urn .iya38iay3 nynjya dppr snsn ?yo 
vor^ ,yi88P wpn 8 taa^ip ob^ro^brp 8 
-rib nyi pa Rn osnpnya pr ,^Rn ,ww 
.opvnpa lyroiya tyanw 8 pa tR^pn 
wspnRnB nyi ^sj yi88v. yrpn n oa"5a 
Tin ntfttHA kpi oyo^Biip *iya5ymn p« 
.tyoipyaw on 558P p»p pr ir^pi-ir-ib nyn 
tp^sm ^rp pa ncnsrw nyn pr ,T»^*T»t3«j 
rye waSim ,opnRna in ryn .lya^ynan jya 
rpi injJD nonyvi r>x ,Wrp pa oa«»y:i orh 
Dy pr .jynyj myijrii pk >5rp jwn Rn 
tyo brp #rp *iy~i pa OBo^ryn nyn on 
pr .oyvsna MKMfpnwna p» »ap*iay:i brpi 
lyaftm pr Dyxma-DiR^pnRna tya^yroyi 
njn orp .lyisiw oapnasn pr ^rp Rn 
ya^:y» |jo*naw onoyj vtR oanRo^BBP 
-jo ayi jyanp w ^rp *iyr pa m« r o."3i8 
,?ya"P y^s rpi ,5?rp .Bpntjns ryoB>jpi 
pnyn no tyo t |8»«rn»a on pns y\ \vp 
tyo ,pmrt vor5 ,t»»srnj yantjnyo fyasn 
-8P nyn jyowaT* wjbto lyasn tist 
-bo"3-ir i'bpr ryajsoyaap-iR »*r oanRO^B 

BBPplRB P1RO f'&PR .»»»ffH$ P/BPP P*lRO 

oBnnnyan* PRoy .on »»ai8 p<p ny3R tyo 
o^aiR yo^na p»p tyanp w on ry:ny p« 
pr si p» ya^yp o^anR nh ,ya$yT8 a>8 
n« pr asn .jytsPHRis PR onys-iypyn^R 
ivr unRPya oamanya pw pr ya^jm ,D«a 
typ tyo ya^yn pr tyasr pa i»'vph«ib nn 
■pns~iB "irb tya^nayi d^: ~\r\VD pw ansn 
,D"3n® rh jyinp iv dtr .?ypjnix-Dii^5f 
DjR^pntnB w-«t irb p;aRii niRH' "iy ya^yii 
~i r tya^p Bo^Bt^BtfP 'Vi Tin .typjniv 

T1D *iy ,DD^n DRT ,DBnP"DD n 3 

5»y^yso arvR ty^Rt ya^jni ,\w:vd jyjn 
&BR-ip-DB"a*i8 ny^t o^v r hmr tyayias 
iDBRip-Dcans ytn i.r© .o^aiR fyB«B> pr 
p^.m i'b^ir db>ip bd^8» v B8P "iiH. ya^yn 
iy^n8vya ny no .jn88ii iy*iJ8 "li^y , «ni 
D^n^xya ny Rni- .noiyii t>r Rn drii drt 
.^rii pa furum ayr n«a 

-38PS PC 0BR1p-DtDai8 RH PR ^B>11 



ns ya^B>:yo >y^Bni ,?y>a nrs noiyr, an 
,DO"n a«n jjn^nRiB 1^ jot obrp ay a^a 
ony^ ay ^ya^o-B:yay^ ty^h^ f ^pa pt» 
n8 Rn iytD^8i*nvDPR tRnys nyn "3 pjm» 
n nyojiR BBnpya onyn a^n .obrip-db^b 
ya^yn nyojiR ,umyotf>oiR ya^Da«^5yryj 
ny ya^yn ^ya^oajyay^ Rn 5«n ,oay^ ny 
-j"R Rn jyrn yn^oRB pn a^o diwwz 
vvi J^nayi ryrn ay ya^yn .tyaaRp yrv 
-nRiByn pr ryv^nRis m obrip-dd^bib 

-»yiyiJ8 lya^yn njyn^R »a Rni opjib 
•aa^aiR y~i88n "in »a TiR Rt ,in8-8P. 
ny^y^r^R iyi jib na-iyv, -iy-r t^r obr-d 
PB BBO^Ty-) iy"i a>j p-i8o i'bpk yn»8P 
■0iR-BjR , spn8"vB jnjnjRTya y:yj^R jriiTK 
yanaBR^^yry; Rn ria nyuRr ,ryn^ya^ 
irr r ac"ji brt .;y-i:ya^^iRi-ajR^pnR"iB 
-aa^aiR a'pjnyfi "lyaniyj r pa naiyii 
■^mi PR ,an8 "iyn pa as a^ a^yn aBRip 
ns Rn OT*nR"iB pr aay:"' ?RT-;y3 yrn nya 
-oiR-Bjyay?' Rn pb jixniRi .oERip-ao^a 
ivi pr njy^nyniRB pr ya^yr, unjyoc 
iRii oBR^^yTyj nyn pa yaas^P ~ya^a*iR 
.oanpnya anyp OBRip-ao^aiR Rn 
nyaR orh BBRnp-Ba^a-itf. y-i88n ]jw-> 
\»P ya^yp f BB8K>jyi"R y^nnnipnyo t^R 

T8 : ^noyj PR BR*T PR ,0^ ORH iniHJR 

■tjh. ounidya iyn88n yimR ^a njynnyn 
-aamayj nyi irii ,oiri nmyirtjnssp 
nyn anyot^ya ,oxuya anyii nmv^i 
- aa^an.8 nyn pa nonyn - aamay; 
ofii8«> Rn brp ,ayn vx obr^p 
"38 i'8 njyinyn ^piR ,no~iyn - tyi88n 
-tjnB a^8 oamayj onyp p ryii ,in88ii nyi 
■amswi ynyi38 tir&RiK' iv ^yo^o-ajR^pn 
-rib pr iyay; v\w pna Rn wt> ,noijni 
rt .ntnjm ayjyj>^R n.n v R ^yvRns a^R^vpn 
■B3R ,, vpnR*iB i'^rj oniR o^np jyo brt 
-yj orh ryo brii .naiyn jya^yroyn ayvRns 
y ^ : ay^RiB-B3R^pnR-ia i'irb orh 

PR P1^3 BySRIB-DJR^pnRnB t'lRB ORP 

BB8*ipao^3"i8 Rn aB8^ ;yonRanynJ8 r'8 
,n n y 1 1 y » * J ayvR-iB-BJR^pnRiB Pr 
PR .ayvRns ajR^pnRis ayi ^rj or*?- rt 
-ya oamaya t^r ODRip-aa^aiR rh jya^yp 
pa neijni ayn Pi5a an -1^0 tyasn ,rynsn 
pijnaRT .OBRip-aa^niR yayiRnonys Rn 



034) 



.taanpix s* v 



30 



Dii/^Piy n .tysfRtpaR pr tyaayio'iR nenyr. 
-toD^B^Bttp lytiim jm ajw^iy-Bfinn h 
ryatyn ,d ^ a r i a oyn— oasBJ^yrya w 
iyaR .tyny5p*iy ts^ ?yp ynRyna jnynR vp 
yrpn yvasa r tny^pny »t .oy?8 ou pr dri 
-r^brp nyniR pr twiweny yiB»DR.iRpy 
yiy"i:» p , p ya^yu .DBR^yryj ly&rtDD^ 
-wd h oa»a pr ,iyiy^piy »*j jyp ynsyriB 
-*n yB»»RjRpy yvjsi r tynamnR D"pa^ 
ytj^nRjRpy pr iyi:.0"'«ny ypi jb&v&wo 
-jir pR fjnjni ttfy*TJ8rtya titfyu lynsyne 
-ya tir ntfjni va .ry5p*tn8 ynyDysc y~)W 
-ynjjynD jnyijN ya*yu\nianDn h fy^riRfi 
.ynsyno nym pr tyriayi iyaitn wua 
is t^nayay^yj r tyaya ^ik niR tDyii dri 
,"y5ity nya^nBDy,, yDjRjyjRT h tyfrjRnya 
pn« p~isD^ ^iT8 &"v ww 1 ? h pr ya^yu 

(* jhrd p« 



->ya'R aaiVrJRnaR yn Km DjnaRj — .3 .; 
t»h f |yayntyyjj« lyiiy* t'R lyiRynE-naiyvi 
ojn lyaiR jpnysjn r jpayisny "DBiymRB,, pr 
lyoii -iNOtp ]»k lynyj tapmyj pr drt, jjrb:r 
-*»y .jnyaaiRB .in ,ujj?ny:*jn lyr ,"BB3ipis„ 
•oyannBya b»j t*n typiaiR nyi dnt r Biy^p 
-yj3N,, rtr epiR a« tt tytatt> i>r ^"ii ,nRB-ijn 
-jr pu n ni .yntjyna "ya^ajrtsiyaR,, ."ycay 1 ? 

]»>P B»D BO ]«0"iyT PR ,yJN1B0«3 pR BRayj 

lyn ."iyn$yna ytsMBDiiiiapyiaiD yVJR,, birii 
PR n^nyj tyD'SR BRny:i b^rii Bjy?jyxjn "ijn 
ly^P'BiR n ?ia "pianp,, pi? b'q BiRnyjaR 
.lyiRiiyj viKnyj ny a'bRii .lyjiiJy in lytyn 
ps ynRyriB "j»*tr» j>»rd .yaDyio,, n drt 
■3R.. iyr ps yjR^snR ynj r T'r lyxairpyu 

.yjR*lB3R3 PR BRajWJR ]1B ynR^HB "lyBSi? 1 :^ 
yniBpyaiD n drii "birit yBxy 1 ? drt„ 
yB3y» jtb^r j?3^y?n ?'R f BJ^?^jDmR brh J3',Bsn 
njrs enjnjR ma .yjRnsrRO jir ^n3j;j:r ps 
]Rn b^rii iy I yaayi yaty?n irt i^sr ,Biyn^ 
ya^yn ,iysRT y\yiw y^ys iyiRnyj insnyj irj 
ya^yn pR jyom ajiyayj jya^n ]yBiy?:ysyi 
oyn iy iyn .jynyn "inRiiyj ,ii?BjyBRn ,ayn iy 
pK B'»pou»piyoBiiR inyo b'b ly^p'aiR n jyty 1 ? 
■^jn 1KB w»fl n iys«2 is ly^HR bo "p? oyn 

.a .^ yvys 



pw jyaytii i^o ? ntnyn jyo-DD^an^ rx 
■DD"arns jn«»i rh o«n .jynytyj nynna 
-^jy» ftram ^y»a nrs n»nyi"j t^R d&nip 
d«tt- .ryn^nuna is nn dd&p Dy D"2~is ya 
■"ar«j p»r nxa rnoyj t 1 ^ cy ^am t BD»n 
lyDJiR jyo-Dt3"a"iR rsjsps jyay^ is nyD 
■"is iyi pa tjmyDB'B'fR JHJUnytMva »h, 
■rp tjtt .D&RB^yrya *ijn i^r ycDR^p-n^tt^a 
"is nyi irb jy^nRsya diiri no dd^rd^b 
tiD nyta^ans nyi drii ,drt tiax-ip-DD^a 
~i8 t'« ,aytrDD"a*i« *»w»vx pR iyay?nsa 
ny m inyo !y-i v sn8na nyaR jyp iy&"a 
-jy» 5y^a nrs drt ,pr T^nya nyn .aay^nya 
nn 8 D8"i P8 ,tyD^ai8 is yi,i8 jyay^ \yv 

DBRB'^yTyJ RH DRT RT f ^,RJ jyD DnRSB' oyT 

■scb^p nyi .lya^n PR lya^n r^R t:nyn 
-y i 1 nytt"ai8 ayi diirt. ts^nssya dd^ 
-rib nyD"an« nyn drii drt rmi ,n y j » : 
-nR nyn *iyi8 &Q 3>s:riis rh pr Di^sn 
aye tsjrits rh pr on^nRna "ry&"a 
t^R taaRnp-Do^ans pn r^i nmyii. inyn 
Bsn tDD^s^BRp iin 8ni pr tyiiya n»nyn 
.in^R -1KB DfriRvya 
-<b»p iin ijn^R C8i ,RT^8 |ynyr td 
-Da.R^pn.Ria ny-i jyajsayajR orh dd^rd 
p« n£nyn lyDniyi r tssnya iy brpi oyssna 
-Do^aiR pr HDiyn ryoniya r pr ^rh 
"tyiRRii t'*piR tDa^ipya ny drh yn»a .dbrip 
noiyii tya^T "t D8ii drt nSiRsya pr piro 
iy drh DysRna-DjR'spnRna i'^rj -tynya 
ay: DpnRiB ayjy^Rii d'pr jyaRipyapnw 
irb DRnya DRn ny dru n«Diyir^Rii jya^yt 

DRll .DBRnp-DD^anR H PR .tR^VPHRIB iyi 

-R-iB-DjR>spnR-iB i'irb tyiRipyi brh ny 
,n d n y 1 1 ■ i n y d nn^R d^q jyoRtis oys 
-DjR^pnRia n't^R jympya brm n tya^yn 
c^ynjRinya t» tsRn n naynnyn ,DysRia 
"WTn dr .ta^aiR pr DBRip-D^^anR pa 
DB8iP"DD"aiR n DR11 ii uijiinniia 

D811 D P 1 1 R 1 3 iyi Dy PR .DI^llRIB 

-rp ayn oarna DysRiB-oaRS^pnRiB njn 

.DD^R^a 

DnRi t^R ynRynD-nonyirDD^anR n 
n ony^pny ya^yii jnutyno y^va^R n 
pr unsRii pb nDiyii D'pa y a r t i 1 r 
lyrn typ iyo nya^yn d>» ,d r o r dbr^ 



31 



.«:«!! 8J8D 



(135) 



s:^ii s % :j*b 



linyn ,o»ip ozn x ikti,. 
On ,JUJtt WB PK VW1 On ,J13W 018* 

■yiwom« sib .auya anautsmnwi pk "to 
yaftm ,iypJ8nyj pk ty^msya y^8 «n tya 
ynow pk t8"i ."t P« tysnyaDn-iB jyiim 
nyaftm p* ons-opy ltt> n#so8P 8 wiyn 
pk -iyoD"o « pn po tjhSw* niny* 
-iy?ODJ*p 8 .jy^rrsya ya^twyo lyayac^ns 
up'nv tro* aiaya o^wna ?yasn ^8T nyaftni 
pk yo*yJ> dbi .ty*sn ins aiaya nyotr Pk 
-^aia s iya»n w ,pk oy*s ps yoDrormi 
-nya vb» ^i8a pk aaH^a Wis pa nip 

"^31fi 8 ; OD2YP ytJ"D808Vl 8H' IBS nJ8Dt^ 

■newwpnie "lyoia 8 «mi ?kt dbii ,mp 
pa i:8n nyi nyoaiB jyaa^p o:yo 
"v»a ,rytJ>ayo ps nip^aia 8 ;iyoD"D Din 

KH ODP811 P8 nil BH DJ"i£» Dy ya^/ll 

pk nam ps pmo kh jynyn ys^yn ,otfa 
.ovaya iym^ayo Djn ps D^ia Djn nfiwa 
bdbyt yu'^DD'^aDTD ytMimpyuBp 8 
ph o"* nyr:i« pa yDno^yrnya »n wmwc 

_ yjDM8 KtU"4t 18S 18J »"P3^jyo 8 KtfS 

ps 5«no ly-iyoy-ia syn -ibs nya» ; yaya^p 
ps anayun on pw ,nrnya-iyD8yno bh 

-D'VIK BOBYl 8t8 PK ,yDD8D WTO 1JH 

iv ynana yftra 8T |ya"t Dy .tya-iKiiya 
t^d nyi ps nyoD"o nyon-ia njn T8 ?yj»r 
tD8.i .Pr^nyoyo DnBo ,bobvi w^ya 
ps ,tyo"pa 1 nynw bh aj8^ pib> lynyryaa-iR 
o^a-amy ,tnynyj iyn^i8 fyasn to yaftm 
"8J811 bjko„ ,808"n mwy? pn o^noay 
-ftm ,o-i8D on ps Dior >sao*D in"ii inyr 
Tfn yanynna v:"i y^>8 pk tya^sya to tja 
pk joftm ,808m 8 pk "sjsii 8J»o„ .ryo 
pa o^hj^ njn o^ii «>n ^oo^«jn »irj 
■ya nm t^k wt ;oy oan^y iwjitdsb k v i 
i8^p anpqrgr jny» pk "i«j o^ r» Mns&'fr 
wp jyo T8 ,tjik tt oan oy nu ,Vt ^8S 
lyistiya «h pa nion 8H pm inyr^^s 
Dy>y?80Dnp 4?. Tin s^i 8o«"n iyn pa 
yryn pw lynyt n>n dsu d^i .^nyoDiys 




T^8 tnyX 1H8 1 8 O" 

-ji 1 oyn ps ty»8J "iyi 
,-iya^-i^ tyB^a^ya m 
-ya .aj^iyoyo onijto 
"iyi pk tynsiiyj oisp 
ny .o^yii "wmratt'S 
y^y^s lyjiayj 08rr 

yooy^j p8 yovy^ n p8 5»noa« lyonyj ys 
-8*iyo^-o?yn nyj-iy-i8» nyi p« jy^u"^ 
-8ao^D d^8 0J8pya oayoo^o pk ny .nio 
-.-i^sdm8 yoDya «h o?»niya ^ys^yii ,od^5 
njni yaS&n nyorn ryoBm ya ,n r ps jyajn 
on ^11 P8 jy^jyo yoo^o^yajix p« nyo 
p8 ty^yot^ yoosyo «h jya^v »»a p«. ryj8? 
-^ssoy p8 jy^n^a rysso uik ^ii ny nu ,"T 
t^^8 tai8 iv iy^8t typJ8iya kh T8 /itn ry^ 
8H ps ;a:ipy^sojy t'8 K^i nrx .wmp 
*iy-i jya^v tji« t» 5$t yi8os y^ypan 
; tyiyii Wyn oyn cy^8 pk oa^ ps ^n^noc 
-jyo8^ ps imtwa yoo»BB>yajiK «h ps 
PK i^a -lyoo^o^ya-oays 8 ry-iyii ^8T "i^a 
I8T oyii 7^a iin> p8 *p*uya D-iy^iB'ix nyn 
nyn ps fysiBS y^K pk jyoa^^ iv tya^ms 
P8 ty^iTB \v5vk \y&:yn kh pk jya^aayayn 
sjn ps -lyonyn y^8 «ni nnyo inyo^nys 
.lyast ojypyj »m |yo^8^ "lya^i^ 
-iy*r ps yn8yno yva8a kh on pk dbt 
.pJ8*iyjnanj -iT8 ny-rs ,odjip ly^^^ao^o 
s^jns ?yryn D«»nni» «n jnyr iyp jyo 
rys^pTiY i>8 tyn.Tsivs-in 808*n nyn ps 
i^sh Dip^ais-Don^a-iH ay-i o^o *iyo8yno 
nyi tt onyi8S Dy .o-iyoB> yooya 8>n pa 
8 o^o ny^ooa^p 8 ,oy^, -ibs nynns ,iv 
-^jni ,iyjyp P8 jyom lytms^^DB ?yD>na 
w tyaaiTD8S ps sosm 8 ?ys8^ ^8t nya 
ps omn mn k>-i pk iy^;yo 8H tyayiiya 
ny: y^"! tyfe»nbw PT8 pk no^a ny^r 
-iyn ps ty^o^o ya^anynya w*r t8 ,iyv, 
pk >yiy on pn lyS^r yD8ia^ lya^ayo 



(136) 



•DSJIplX «H 



32 



&: jj^nyoyo onyotnya noan nyoaK 
pa ts"mu^ yyJwiuH kh o^ na Y&'\ 
■vytMiN nnyotnya ny ,Tyay5 ryfc"0PNns ayn 
pip wb— aawwaintfyvi yroan n itk 
lyp^yaypya y^N t^o »5jm nyo>Pi nyn T'« 
nya^m .lyoyj^s k.h pn wit nh ,nTN pn 
-jm ,nynjyayntt pn *iy:pean n pn fc# 
iv Dy tyjyp to np*i »*»an '•its ajyoor: 
-ttfjm n ; U3»Ttf &"X nynjyaynoya ny> 
-nya lymsan ktn tyaxn 5$t d^ii aswhmb 
jwk ,noe^ pn pn \ymyn nyn pa tynyw 
-a^:v^p y£» rg .ryivDso yn.TN pn yxyrya 
nyojiN tywnsnya y^noniNnNB pn W? 
•n ,n»an nyannj nytyn na iy5nNno.tJ> *»- 
nh tj 5$t tjra«5a pa .dpnii nmi jys5yoB» 
-yi iya^:yo dw yay^ jnpoproDi\s 
: bjnt ny pn .^Bttfjni mx tin taay&p 
urn tan t: aan nya^pTii n 0"t nrpa„ 
na, nynanN j'n ins in onynjy noan ny"« 
.ono ny"N iv pa tyrwnynjpp yiy^N 
iv o'j n.TN own 3JiO"iiya n^ j two own 
,nyay^o tin nyanyis? Bnyii noan onxn ajn 
ono n nan pn ,nTa onyii Dan nnyo ?$$ 
nnyo r?« ,noan nyn re doip nTN nyayn 

."tpn any: 
oyn .pj^nyoyn 0:$? ,noDn ntn tin 
TS T^nyiiy: [yan \yw:yn nh dsii ,djt 
■ya yj"5p n tya$n .Jbtphp lyosj nyi »*u 
pa ynyn Krt tw si pk t^tdnj juib"*? 
nyns asp t'TiN p>« o^ns o$n pin n 
yenwa x .oya^:ny nyn$ r o"nipjanp n 
nyo^N oyn tyajwrany ya^nyDPN pa Jrwflj 
y*sna N'T ,Di?ao<"a tya^Toaj ny^n jya^n 
lya^nyrs nyn tin uipt'P »n wwn ps 
nsa rs^a nyn r>« si p« ,tyrjyo pa jyay? 
.noan-D^yay^ pa wi^nya nyom: iy n 
tya^yri ,«'^iyoyo ajst ,p^« o^id njr%, 
-:» asn .T^nywiyaiiK nxa iya^n to 
-j» ,tjnyj«D yiyms .Twru-nwyu y~w~ 
ixwiyo tytDia pa tnn cyn p« tjnnynD yr\y- 
"nt typ iyo .wqsv'pv pa tph ayn p« *pp 

Tt t33Tn P^MIK "IJTTS P^J DNT TN ,iy." 

;nan nyn pa niTB px pns o-nyji oy nyn^N 
SHjynyj^ns bsp nm p^» ar>a oy tn pn 
."notj'j ya^j'^p n pn 
tr ytyn nya^x tyjjiaaNnDya yi"i p« 
aoip ry«i3"'Bny y^aapi tin yajNoynye 
th pa yjxna njnytD"^ nyn tin pj^nytayo 



a^popnj nyn w ty^yo ty^n .d^pis^p 
njn na t^prnn ijrr tD^o pn noan pa 
-"•« Tt oa^n ya5jm .yay^jy^jyo nyD^iu 
niNHNa y^NJN^VNJ tin ya^jynya y^s nya 
anyj tin nyani y^N d»w oa"^ ;y'?"T]Q 
nyr. nya^.N ono tiynjyaxniK' jyrnn n u^o 
sosm n pn "njniv B3»D„ yi jynn rya^a 
-ya nyoDycna nyn pk noan ; D^asn pa 
"Nn^ia nyoDpng.oB' nyn p« tanytni pa jjvt^n 
.n^N.n.^N jytj^tasosm n.iT'« ?ia ajyo 
* * * 




•^a^nyoyD cmija 



DNii ayn nyoMN tn .jyo^i rya^ian to 
yvjNJ n tya«i^yi osn jr^iyoyo Dnso 
-ay^ya tin tt ny o^n .jyosm pa y.Tn 
■yo .iy;Nia yt^^aNTN^a p^oy^s o^o D:rt> 
opnoD ayi pKiyan^a p»p w v<x pi^yo 
nyp:yn •i?. vk ny nyaN ,un Tya^oaNK'iyDPi 
Tia tyaNTN^a yo^. yjy^ urn ,ppn n PH 
-o^nyj N'7 jyaiT lyjy^a ya^yp .njN^yanj 
DNn J^nyoyo .no^ro^yiv nyn pa yo'i 
n d^n nya^a ya^oy tapmw pn tyaynwi 
tin typ^Nny; y^^BNTN^a yj"t pa ONo^tyi 
: ^yo^o nyi iyay;yj ny van »t pa oyj»»n 
"^ntp^ pn noan,, p« ."^ntp 1 ^ pn noan,, 
yasna nyn &>o :3^nyoyo nn oj^Day^ya 
d^bj^n lya^yn pn pk noan y'no<N dnp 
-K'jyo oyn tin osn noan yy'piynys nh 

.?8Tp>c tya 1 * 



33 



•«:«".r«:«c 



(137) 



irwfv^fi pm w Dina*iya£s ny- pa D2 , \ > - 
nx fyisv.y; apynyaanx px ddjip p»t tix 
■iate^yena Djn pa jy^jya xh *pix ax-i 
xh tx .jjipn^n jnonyapyya' xtx agny."! 
-a>nya y^y^i px ijmwjhd xh 112 lyaBjnp 
pjya njn .aasaonyx-iya Tt fyaxn tya."p 
n& lyax^aax nx .lyopxr, w jyanny:i;s a$n 
j/btp yt^xaxp xh jjwbw nyo^a pm 
tj/BH^ynxa ny px yaHEnyTyH a^o px 
a"T 5xa tyasny ms .caay^ nx Dai: px 
ijn axn niaSip wbhj nyn pa u«x iy 
kh px ,tya»na y^'i PX; a:ypnyn t»t s^jya 
t\D T&mjra kh ya>yi;i ra^anx yDniinyry^ 
■tya^ya^a nyi pa lynnx^ nyany-oin km 
tynna i* jyapnyjjs axn ,tyaHpy:nx ax" 
-BDixnya nx a^anx pn a^a .lyppsp iv px 
smaya pn px (wyo iyn tyapBr.y: px pv 
»nny* yt^nxnxa ,yty^Hyi xn .^t tyayii 
v ;^ss«d ^"i rynx^nya ?yaxn tyan pw 
jy;'*-: ysyjy? ynyp^x xh px ,dus tytn&n 
"tt*"B jyirirr.vj tr? r« jSHxiiyj pntfancMs 
--3jn"5 yav^yc yapr,n-:£ , ' > l x r*j 112 

.jyasss-' 
Pinnyaya nix aiWB a^v nyryn P8 
ijnnw a»i .xpb ptfa-jayn ya^x xh px 
wip a*way:i xpb anxa^ yavn xh axn 
p^aiayn xh ,njat? nyraaya n?vK a^a 
-jia ayn Dmnn axn anxas? p^x .ramtfa 
xpb anxa^ xh .ny-iynjx nyi pb ajsjnya 
wnsnyi •anyjuifiyjanx px any:x^>ya px 
v*&& i"P xan ,nynx^a pb yyanx nyn pa 
4?. pb yjxiB x nx: px ay — nyitfia p^p px 
lyauya aim anxat? xh px ,"iiv "iynx ^«ld 
.oyDntsya *iy2ns*M"K xh ,tr\\ov r^x jynyn 
nyv btkdb' »n nx wsnya px aamya 
px nyjxr^B xh pb ^8ny:ya nyn .ttiy^' 
-XDonx "lyscnnya -:y~ pa „Hr,</X" ^•••. ; 
-ya tya yrn'M ,¥.:^j?P jr^-asa na^-a»*i? 
-••x 'v ,v ; r:B is^a tyiv 1 n^x tD:»ony" dj»s 
ny .D"S nyjy> 112 yaawyj, iwsnjjpfcu 
t'x Co ^jyo s P« axi^xD nyiigna x pk 
w\iyi y^Sinvvvi nysx jy^ii Dynyt^x 
-y-irp y^^xixo «h P2 dmix &i iyp iy 
.DJ]rp»i\yM"« QiT« Bxn tyo ya^yii px. ,^ 
/jxiix^h x:x^8o , i'ia pn r^s nrrx e"»o 
•nyB-DB^n xh .xjxi^ xjxo tovi^pnyB nyix 
Tin .nyoxB d'«t:i p« ,xnx~n iyn pa ix r 
-yiny iyi r>x hmj^wp xpixd .xpix» iy»^ 



_ xio xh ba"?a ,^i D^yi2 ,1x11 .y'Tyajsno 
px «^i ,1^3 t^x iy \yw ty^jyn n^a ynyj 
,x»x"n "wn^Dpyty p« lytJ'onrD^x nyi 
-p^ fjnj^a an pa iy22x "lyrx^y^ii x 
yrn pa nyix ,"yt3B'~y iyi pk x^v, ,?xt 
-^r,v in p« xm .lyoa^B'jy-T.i^ y:my; 
nxtx^a tyiwana nyi i^tx n-n^,, ?- | .yn 
tmh nyi px DiDDnp Diry 1 nyix Dynx-px." 
tynxo y^x n pk .jjnnoK y»»a»*u xh pa 
rxnxiiyj iy;:x;y2 n^; ijrta^ipi "ODjns» tia 
.T'ln px jyay^ayj ryo^xi* s, t x>v, jjx^ mtx 
yr>'T tyax^^y^DMx d^ m d^xv, cnan-y 
nxa jy^n cy .onxTijyayj iy«t t s x jya^K 
d 1 ; w«.p ^xtp^ dx"i ya^yn .typ^JuiK iy:x 
x Ha tDisniyjyj "iyr px lyonynyDJW is 
xp"i nnyo ajynya Dy tsjjn nya^yii oo^J 
y^y^2 jynyn .tooip nan x ixii px ,^x» P^ 

."?imx lyoxi^ 

t^wwiittPiJ. xh jyn Dr2yj ixv, 
«>P„ px ."Dy^Dsn,, pn 5xtp^ oyn px 
tD'j D^xn t^y^oxn \vw ? "oyap^D px "ny»5 
trunya lyj^yn px, ^8o:y»'D:yD ^rx ryiiyj 
ryv.yj »^ a^xv, nyn ww ,iytDD^j d^d 
,*«: "yrssnriip lix "lyDixB^yj: 1 ^ xrx 
lya^'.i r i^2'^r.ya^ n?x ss-j oyapx» px 
,?"t Tfcyo fiiypw ^0 'y^-vrx-.^ v;vh- y?x 
p:^"iyt:y» »nyi dp:ibi:xl:'' djh P-b ^-^ 
^11 ny ."xjxit xjxo,, xoxn pn px d^is 
■yj xoxm x ,x»xi": y^J x "in^x px fyaxAr 
ya^yii ^xM^jx-a^yn nya^na x *iw* ana 
-x^Hxna yjynijyjjx xh nyaw >n aa^n 
t^x DayiJix p« aay-i pa yan:ya px ty; 
nin^ yc^x xh aaynaiv ya^yv. ,^xix^ ivr. 
.peats' px a>: ..yiy^'x y-rrz d^s a-^n 1 x 
.:iiy:ye xh pa tysnyr; xh px nw 

-,y- pa ,?ixa^ ayn pa jyauD^x nyi »^a 
ryjypiy "xj*m XJxa,, t s x idix oyi px a^s 
nya^yn ,p:Hiyayo ny^D^p Djn- "=i**5j n^a 
_ X^a cyi apy-nya px njnnynua p« anip 
-1x2 aoip x'axii "ijn pa jjwdbb xh .nx r 
n^a »pe anxaB' ny^^ynxa^x nyi p« 
■»t td .D"iyT:in-inx' tyajnyvaia pa iniy 
-^2 1jT-« px a^i-D3XDy:v~i nyi px jy: 
nx y^xrx^^ nyi pa j.nnnaanx "iyaa 
iHxa^yn;ixr, yw pk oy .pj«nyj ty^na 
iyi ww ,yaa^yj nya^^ya iyi p« yaxsy 



(138) 



.BSjTDIX Nn 



34 



d>xii *irpR jyii .tyoynya nonfo *n d5$h 

."tyrw'ya -inn* 
.DiyoD^jya pk fixrx^a nyt^x "in 
■w on ix arm* BinxD-iyn inn pn lyax 
-yn-xa xn lyo-m. 5m ny .bisbk' nm pa 5x* 
g^wni* RpnKJa px .ni"a ayn pa warn 
.teiym tyan>ii''a pa tsmxu ayn tyD85y:i 
pa ttfyvya pk tyajxaya ny pk pint? d'» 
D»n ny ;nns px ktb »'» ,y58ii**yt*onB 
tynayDmiiR l'*?. tnxn p/aynti i* bj»i»W 
,tdb> PR '"tianmitfa ,n83H83 jypnsi px 
tix *tfyn 8 tinyii nya^yn .ayayji^n pn 8 
8 tyjiayi nyax tasri ny .nft/aoaK^ ayi 
Di»a nya^yn t tMn5»aw pk T^ayn .uro^a 
nsi yiny<B>t pk pr tpvipm ixn nsa t* 
pk yftwo vx nya^yn ,*yt*oy» 8 ; lyom 
oan pk aynp ayn d*i tiay^ tin TPiPna 
-"tny pk iytta86wyp*5 «in pa "tivu ay, 
pn?m s Dsn tj'jyn nytyn isi .*yu:n 
-ayn yamy; in mm lyasn Dy Km ,*wirt 
-hk ,oy Bi'*t$> ,iy"isay: tynyii ya^yn ,\w 
jfeWM t's pa pytaB' lya^nnyaya ayn nya 
.yayS y-i833"nny:i8 px yanna 
-njh .t'Kpnaao ,DiT8 tixn y^m^tiana 
-nya iv ryax^ya »sn nyix^a i*. .ttfnys 
ny .m*»nn mx nana p« pa 8PB tytta** 
-maynx^a Kn tk ,ami .y^Bivtsniana ,p^s 
,m*r tik caKnnya b »sn ainy'iyn nya 
ny ;ny£iBX3 px pn8BB> w nnu* isb px rj 
xpb pa a*nytMjny:* nyn txi *8 ,tix D"m 
pynxa pro eyii ,iytiBn5xa ytfm xn Tin 
ytyn pa ry»»no kh nxa a^iaayn dh^k "a 
n«anjn ^n ny .tyta».i^so yovny^a^x 
p« jinjKMsnyv pa sr^s DnKiar, kh ly^yi 
-jri^a y>nfi »»t »*o- nn^x iv jnyjnyan^ 
"iy nu .njni^s p« tajs^Yips o^o px jyt: 
pya^Dnx Dfp« ^t fye : ^xr p»» Bnyn^a 
Km ?8tana .kjkii kjkd Ba«j p'x h^k 
tsjxDjnycj^K oy t^k ,pk ^nynxa WW 1 . 
.oy BSmmnan nan x xm \ym vt 
"&ype>tMns :BJxry> pi» ^^x a«n y»<„ 
px ^>^jya t^x iy ;ai£p pn iif o>»v y5 
nya^yii aan nyi t^x ixti nyax j^aiunya 
nytDiJ nyi t^x ixm px ? nyjv^D pn d^j ta^n 
p« oxnyj »^ £koj"P oh^ -lya^jm ,^j;y,o 
nyi t^k D^ajn ?yjn , x ya^pyn^ ^. tt 
d?>^ ; D^prcaynyj .wioiKany ,n3W9Bn3ra 
kh ,e>:iwi nn ; ^xr nyux r« ikj ay pk 



yw\y$yi y:w pa ,tDO^^Din x pa 2>o nyoa 
nxa w lyayaax Tt lyay^a ya^yn awms 
lynyj ty^n ya^yn px cinmyt^x ayi \yw 
nyi pa iittfip ijn pa nyjyno yj^DD^a xh 
pj^nytDyo taxn d.tk px .tt^ircjBeyim 
nya^yii ,aan x pa nnaya pn tDa^pnnnya 
px jy:ny? Tin o^npm pn tja^nnyi tsxn 
d^xiw iy o»n 81811 8J8B pk pk ,iypiy" 
pk Dp^DDi^ Tin noan xn ty^ytDtnxa 
.yay^ y^^ti^yn^x xn Tin pk n^i^i.< 

* * * 

tyayiD 8»8*n nn pa bp8 jytiony px 
^a ,*j8^kp 8TJ ,^8iyjyi nyyst'B ayi to 
"8P wi w ixnacw 8 px ,r«?«a pttTt 
iyi pa yix^ yoay^tj' Kn tyiyn tyiso^s 
?»P PK tyonTT pa ya^n \"p xtD^ .dikd'J' 
"im pa v$}$n »nr? t^ ; tyny^K pk tiaso 
nya^x pa ti8J8» »m T^J .un"'? pk nyi 
D^xn "iymDnK pk D"p-iyBB8t3 vz^wmq 
-]ivn Kn pk iy^BB ^a p^3iayn yo^8 km 
pyuria \"p w: n:^a jyDDiru "IiTK pa 
t-t jy^ni ty&8.-tf$D xn px ,ty^ip t"p ko 1 : 
e^8ii ^8iyjya iy*; m^a ayi tyaynyojix 
-yj twjn ny rya^yu ,8pn8o nytiKa pn t-ik 
T? tjnymxann nyJ8.^ tya^ni^a pn opns> 
.y^8ii 1 B'D:nB f *yrwa nyrDJjnx^a ayn t^a 
■ya nyti:8pya:iK nyn t^k jyanK jn.y»n pk 
nya^yn ,183*183 s ^jyo nyn^n x ^8iy* 
181 .ty-nxrny |ya*n tway^8 *ixi "ixi »yn 
pa t2Dip ny ;nyDKB nyn ,wi«» m»«ny 
Tn t^n tiajyna iy tix nyax^ jya^ni^a oy. 
nyn ya^yii tD**po k na pa jnyaDxoDx. y^;- 
.ttoip aan x ixn„ ijreijni xn tx niK miko 
m^a pk ,\ii: ."tik tynxn y^a tjnyn 
8 Km ; iyi83i83 m>j *n jyam nyj«J jyan^ 
-■{fttina .tyDi:yaix &tk *n tysxn ddx: 
lyaan^ o'kpiko tyty^ya osn p^8 y%n 
tyiyn iyt3?8iTiyt5iiK nn*K »•» tt tixn pk 
"K^a twnjni ayi pa ryayia^ya -m «n„ 
piK tipy-icay or?n xP"i8o ya^yii ,"ko8^b w 
in tia tnyDD^aya pk xpixo ^atynvsM 
pk jyaxitiyi dxh iy ya^yn ,ynxBD«p 
tyiyn mjnyj jyaxn "i*o» : nyis^ iya^u**a 
"iyi"K pk ,"-iy»xn pk ^ytDKoons ww 
^yi?yii-ii^x IV pk opyiDjy o$n »t pa 
yiDxtia 8 tia 5"*nt3 8 n»8t pk tyaxnya 
iiT* tx ,inycnynaixv, mx„ ,ptaya 8 pa 



35 



•«:«ir«jyD 



(139) 



pk kjkii pm B'o tyatrww Tt ny ?'ii kpb 

dkii .tyjsr Kn 5kt tbeik .ynny pn tytsy^ 
jnassruinny pk w»n kih ,«n ,pk Dayn 
vik Km opip p^d DKn nyatyn tin ,nna 
wan PK .?yn"B>oay Kn 5kt ,nyjp5"n k 
tya^SB ya^yn .lytjyyo yDKD k o»o ornsny 
,jjnynKB nyn lis pic D"n 6V»t .vpk nKJ 
iv wii nwn> o^n Kpnso nyD^K nyn ryn 
nota on iv pk ,nvK iv onynyi inn pn 
-pn? Din tyos^ya osn nya^yn .onKot? pa 
iwn «h pk uhk? iv msDEf; nyn pa 5»»t 
8 n.TK iv o$K<n tso nw»n .KJsn k:k» pa 
div oniya nyaK Kn ;ynyn~Dyayn yc^n 
,n:>yaK typn WW 5yn TR„ : oikt pk ryo£s 
oy bkh tk„ : onyaojy *iy pk t "nyoKS p*o 
..."nyDBKD p^d .oDiKiiy; 
-5>ys ynyno pk Tn pa a^/vyj pn pk 
.nya^»n pk n^j pa DjyoDKP tytrniv ,\vi 
-vwna f njrwiajnMr^D nm dun tanya 
4MKii Pa tyoip Dyn tik ontfii pk ,1#kii 
-d»ik nyn pa nyaK^ pit DiTs iv onya km 
Din pa anayom oy ,onKDB> nyonamwyj 
onyj km .iya»3 pn kmi ^Knyjya p/annj"a 
£ni ik» nnn* kmi .typasnya-nKo o>» oy 
pa o:yay^ *n tyoyn iv ny f jyoD"no tt 
km iyn .kpb pa nww njypio i»D»*nn Kn 
nyonyn Kn pa o^nnnKH kh vt pk optb 
dkii ino„ : 8Pn8» ODy«»in tyote Dyn pa 
Dan dkii dk"i pk .Dy^nya nyjyjitj>D p^k 
kh n«a jBfnftrn pn oyii ,T>PJnc in Tt 
ptfyn ya^yn pk nn nKJ tyay? ty^yn esn 
;mk ip»n(n ik t^D D»nto pn pi^ik \vpv 
...pip nya^B'jyo pk pytoayiyj k d^d tiK 
»>ii nmyii mvr> uy t^k ^kt p^p ,-pd a^^.i 
-jy:iD y^K pk jyay^ytjoyn oytayt^yiyj k 
Dy^>K .tytJ'jyn kh pa ty^yn^K y^K ,ry^ 
dkii riK y^nD .aniny jk lyan "t Dsn dk~ 
iv sp^anya pk ^y^Banyia^p k "111 pk ,» : 

."lyay^yt^jyo k 
i.tk OKii ;niyDMi oy ,Dnya Kn pk 
-^a r ni3"S jib B^/vy: nyi pk oyonsiny 
m *waK ; o^io pk m:w yDDyu «n ca^p 
njn pk jyKoyn yoyoasoenyB Kn tK t^pjy^ 
-)]n: , <p Kn pa pnxw ayT wn «n ,ot«o^ 
DDya pk .Diyoto mv"i pa 'nsj'ya Dyn pk 
ojni tyo jyTi .nyasKiva^K tt km tsny; 
pa n»«r Djn iya^K jnjyayiw ,iyriD oy 
niK^Ka Kn nya^K jn:ya^my ^n ,ny ny- 



pk 0"p38iw Kn ?oy dkii ,t3aKK*:yn ,, '> 
-i»nn pa tk ..jnaytoc ly^sa i^d nya^n*. 
-garnK vik oa^^a oyii i,tk .ly^ay; 
...ty^KarnK lynym ^Ki 5yii TR pk ty^> 
k ...tyaK^y: mtk pi^ t^k iy:yD Tjn jyi 
K pn oansiya d>: osn- dkii .jk^^iivikh 
...tysjno y& Dyii ,aijo"nv-«?n ly^tevyv 
nyi tk ik5p iuk onyr lya^jm ,-^^k pk 
Kn iv ^K^n^BK^a pn oy vyv. jko^ii 
-yj a»n vk ,*ikb o^yoc ny ya^jn^ ,nm 
nya Dyjyai^n k iki O"? p^o pa DaK'." 1 
...yaiB'o pn oyii ^KD^rn nyn Km ^yiar 
-^•Knyj Dyii ^jnsKnya -iyjyai^D nyrn pk 
V* dkii Dan Dyi p& yai^o nKJ jynyn tyo 
rynyn ^^k iv odip dkii pk pn ly^yn o^k^ 
iv^ asn ^ s k ,k^ .0Djy-iyB pa lynKJ t'K 
-^nj^a Dyn pk in rynnyp^vpn^v lyajjnay 
?to o*»o p»t DiKn oyii dkii .nyjK^ tya 
py oyii ono pKJjyy^s tk .^^ayo pk Dy 
l«i .o"i"pno ytj'nKJ k pa Jjyn^ya k v t 
-y: ^ko yfty'B to asn vk ...rnya vk ftm 
pk nyji^o pa ^yD^yn k tn< dkt tk ,d;kt 
tya^c iv dik ,niBT.a pk tk TT mo tk tk 
oyn pyya ^jni tk ;ajn^yy"K i'k nn 
Tin BKn TK iyn .DKnnya tk dkii nyjico 
nya p>o iy;^KB iv na tyj^cy ayn oy 
tk ,nK ...Dy asnm tk nyaK. ...-ijko^ 
tk ,|ywn& Kn anK nynn tk ,tt nyniy-3 
-qw oyn ^yD^aK ly.TVivaK dvk ,nyonyn nn 
TK aKn oa^^a nyaK ...D^ynKo wiwv 
,pj ...in^K pk ty^B^nis iv mtk oayn^K 
-iibb' yTyn .oiKScasno nyonu nytyn ok 
O'o ^ia tyayii : rynyTyj 3Kn tk dkii ,w 
-pK DynKOD ,iyo3na d>o ,pni o^o ,mKian 
-nyny typ tyo ya^yn d>d ,tyDay^ pk iya 
yryn y^K ,3is5 TyDK^Ko DnKD^ Kn tyn 
iv ya^jni o>d /na p« nynpis o^d nyDyc, 
— kt>b rypnKD^nya pk nynK^a jyaynya 
n:yaK oj^n tyoiprnK Djni Dy^K DKn ok 
oyn dkobok d^ii nTK anK f onKoc nyn pk 

-iVDmB IV D3KJ P'K T1K P^3 nTK WW 

d>d lyntjo tifpvpnw n.TK Dyn ny ...y^Kii 
.yfroynjyanKo nyn pa ry^nKnotr yotny Kn 
rya"v k d^. .Dnynas Dy DnynKa ny nyas< 
Tyoip ^kt Kn tk f aaiayanyoaiK pk wi pa 
"..^yojKO nn\s myoaw oyp»: pk pns 
pa TyDm Dy pk pny.n oy ?m Kny 
pa w*^ «n iyD:iK ;y3y^nua ys^yT* 



(140) 



•toanplX HP 



36 



.lyny^pny 1* TIN fornix iv on tt .BSPi?; 

n .oa'D^smaiyo "inn* oxn y^xiwDjna ?x 

D.T8 8PB PX OTBJMJ'ntS DPNn D7TN Dgil 

BTjtfpiy xn .new nn^x i* Tyayaunyan* 
p<x y^iwojpa tx pnixii on pn ay tx 
-^ojns fyo^e. stj oo^n i*n ,an5wiw 
yayn in v x 81811 ojypny jwftnte px ,y5xu 
ony^piy tin onnx DiTn oo^n xn ,dtx is? 
pyDxo nyax ^n p^s xn : &nfrw Ta tt 
^m pnx xn ,iy58iwejps iyin"B tin 
-jjj/asn pn pa jyfonw kp ?yaxn nxanjn 
-^8 nyn ~iu ,en xn onyDtnya nyj"p .on 
: »"fny^Bt$> nrnx IV ojxt 8P*i8» nyo 
TN . . . tyJ80ttnya axn tn ,8J8ii ,n\, 
eaynya pn dv ...jyj v 5 pn iy:80tny& a-xn 
..eino jyo Dsii ay^x mi ,oayny:s:iN nnyr px 
"...oayn oxn iyay5 tgi 
oxn .sexnn nyn pa y,:y xn px -axT 
vrx p.x x:xr, p,a i-mini oyn ay nyo^Vi 
px ,cn p^?nyoye nix d;xt Dyiynxay; 

DXT TN tyD"11 TD ,^0": On TIN PX Dy 

".oayn oxn tyay^., 
nyts"DXDxnn ny:nynxe nyn pn px to 
ny-» inii f t>nM5> pn ojxpya on niONfw? 
ntx pn ODxayianx pn 5xt tyay^ T"nya 
Dpa^nyeyo t^n nmi nn ryay^o px tyo^nn 
-T"11 pa 808T1 nytyn px. ."xixii njnd,, 
.yniyo^oix tyax^ya nnpnni iy tssn B"n 
mxntsnx-o^yn ynynx "a jyopxii ya^yn 
-"N Diyecanyii o^o \mn:v onoy; nn fyj 
.yanninxii nyrx iynnx» »n* nynx oy: 
-ana ryay^o nyn px oy^x oj:^p nyax xn 
Dy^x pn nyn:ya"n.jya oy^x nyn pa txo 
pa ry^nxio^ xn 5"Vi .noan nynyn>"v?-iya 
xn pa tyvnyo^ xn jyoan^ya ovmmi vj 
■nya ,njyoD'no tin martyr »n ,T$«^Ji?o 
-^yo xh ties ryv^xiXDH xh tt jyx^yor 
ya^yn .nxonxn P'x tin bh»wmw5 y^ 1 ^ 
nyn pa lyoy-ij .jyay^ pa nxoixn nh t>n. 
nh: t^n oxn^XD pa .loiojyn^n ly^xon.i 
"iy^ pa yay^jy^yo ya^i^ox: ,yaxa3"x 
mx*?? iKH r^xyn^a »t pa nyDyn: iix /na 
ya^yn ,D"m"ii nyn pa nixna'^o^yii 
»5yii nyn ria nx: ayn ^nyotj'iya px onyr 

...oayn oxn tyay^ Dxn tx ,D^n ya^yn px 
-na nh iya>x dd"j pa noiN.no iyn 
ijn t^n dxi ,1WDW3 n'^a oaxnp y^xo 

.?iy^o;xy^ .o ."xbxii >xjxo„ pa tioixno 



-iTa pa tin tj ,iyp:yn pa t: on y^^no 
n^iix v ^Ti Tia nyaxaj^x nyn pa .jy^ 
yanunyoiya^N vtn jynxiiyj txn t^x xix^x? 
.8J811 x^xo pa twb y:^"n 
nn r^x ,iyo^n t? o^ypniDjy oy dxii 
doip xn .opx tyo^ny nm pa jaioa^^ya 
T"N px nypxJ,, y^xivt^Djns pa o^yv px 
t>x y^xiv^orna iyn ."o^ypmys ^yo:xo 
o^a^yi tt ny oxn ,m» *i^ynv o^x fxniw 
iway o^n .pyo^y d'xjxh pa lyoixj i'x 
-yj xn iH3yoB> .oaynyi iiTN ny Dxn o^i* 
-ip iv ojynxJ nn^x iv ojxr.ys on tin oan 
ny oxn .sjtfa^iivnya t^t t^x ,ovy .?yo 
n.TN onynyn ny jyii px .aijnjfass if?^ 
nyo^r-j nn'x p,a n^a^ iyi o M a. *jra3",*ys 
„o^n:ny^ y?*OD»n ",rt»« *y oan;ya ,^n-3 
>'■ t? ^: v a ii-s':yr pw o^^.^v kh "*.k 
?^x .'r,5 ~yoy?x-' iyi ps new '-y~ Vi .Tt ny: 
Tyinnya x:xii x^xo pa onxmysys nyn. 
on ny px tyoax^nyp^ vwwnv yi«T Tf 
-ny ny .pyo^ ayn tin dip p>n in i.tn 
-nyii ,!yay-io&5> tin jyay^ pn nn^x o^nyx 
-yn oixmxns o^o iyD-ixaDix.no np niyn 
.XT^e nxi on.Tayj w, 
lyoa^n Diy^a-^yav ,oyoynya t^n xrs- 
"W^a oyn Ty^^yo px ooymo yn.TN nn« 
nyDnyjx^ya nyn pa yn^na np fyDnn^ 
-ys tt jyo tDxn nyax ny^x^ 1 px .onxo^ 
-id y^xiVK'OjpB o>o xJXii xixo px oaxa 
f o^o dtn OD.nyj xn .xr^a nx- 1 lynpa iyr 
.a«p)"i nn^x px nyan 
nns o^o xjxii ooip ^p^ tyom t^x 
oyo^psya ,on typ ivwp jya^yn ,yfeww& 
Nn tx ,tw*w oy„ .p^xa {ysn^pa ayn pa 
-»n osxt ,'PiTX DTix yDxo xn o^nxno^ya 
.xnn^ inn* oyDixmy ddx^xb i>n i^.x '.nyj 
oxn «J8.n tx .DiDt^xxiy pn px oanSi ny 
ti.x y^xm^ona oynnxony np^^nnxn 
nxa ony^pny xn iyn .ynny nnvx DyDyny's 
n>iTN oxn Pxm^Dina rx ,P^xa lyvjxs ayn 
nsnya n.TX oxn ,oyoy-iy: dixd^ xn. px 
nyn ,iy px ox px pynna x xm o5>yn 
,ny .on; xnn n.Tx oan^i pyoyi nynnxn 
ojnyiiys pn nya^yu .oxn^xo nys^noio nyn 
nyn:8 l^P iyp ,iw\w dyn d^o iypxr« vt; 
pn dxii mp iyp ny ,inyo^nya on r\ma 
Tix onynxa ny .jyan^s on dtx ojxt nna 
^y xm .o^nnnsii xn mm iv nna i>n 



37 



■p^^ya ^xyD D'8Ji«n 



(141) 



.p^tffi-^arstfD d'kmkh pnga 



-ny .yjgna yny^oa^i 8 son pk ay„ 
m.Tsya an ty:yn y^sna an w\\ ,ny ony^p 
aigajg pk .^bd'Sbp pk o^ans lytpmv tya 
tyanau to tyn ,onynjin-n.n&o ay"j s pa 
oyoa to tynyn ,yoa^yj nymx p« p^a « 
nnsanynjixn tya^ina oyi Tin o^yoiois 
to wn nyan nai$5 nynix pa on^onsa 
"5yu ,wmnyn:y nn ryo^.npms o>j jy^r 
•ya^nyna nynaTo ?yno ,Trn tt tyo'n ya 
itn — yasna un is t$no any: 8 tt nyo 
ynn rya"^nnx lyjyii — yasjana yon:ny 
tnyj tyranfi is bkbpjic lyo^njyjytoB 
pit$> ttfj»t ya^yn ,iynjyot?oix is pms 

."nya^nsa 
-nya ny tk ,«Ji»n pnao or^s aqy-un 
rwy^ -ww nyn ,onyny:i oasns ,inu onyot? 
ny pk njsoBnya jyrn is nya'N .tyagnaya 
yta'Sgo an nnmo&j> Tin on pyoipyj 
tpvsd nyTK nya^a ?yry5 Tin &* ,wmfl 
Mnrnsaruf »n Tin n^a^a pynsr ,o\bp5 
jHyvenya "a osnyj osn ny ya^yn 
tyoipyjD^x tin DTK pk Dy }jni ,ap"noa 
jirioD'SwfljjpTMnviB yrn jys^ya is 
njtfo^onya d5b ly^Tj^n is p,s jyaynyo^N 
o>j ny .Dfc?5P pn pa ryaynyo^x «n pn 
wrwn Dirt nu ^yp^ons pn pa is p^s ay 
.ytgna nyny> pn »a oyoa rynx xn ps tj 
njon nyn o^o ny onyn nyony ya^oy p* 
,t»o-Doay^y> tya^ntfsany f's pa &".n 
pk dtk ^*ii asn rP^K Tt oyn^a nya^yn 
-tj? i tjrv , x v tsi*& Tin T;yj jyaso is tyaji^y: 
-nya pis? ny ryp ansn ,5yivoB> ,ry:s? to 
■»t p« nyoan^o 8 pyn xnxov 8 lyo^ni 
-^sa-^san yoanyiw kh tyn^^ojy n«3 
-3»t .DioT^s^jja pa n^j on .fyjuna y^^o 
W\~i Diop^^jv-n^no jyjyn i^a« \ivi 
-»^ panyn t$j iyp jyo ts r »im c^k Tt ny 
tyry^ynya^K o^ 5%d \"p vt$n ny o«n ,?yo 
•tyisna ytyn. nya^s T.a tyoD^ny t'8 
KPnyos tyayii onyn ny ryu Dnyn:xTya 
■ya r "Di»pi8pnyD8„ tytMsawst ayn pk 
nsn ^?. o^o i^ax on onyo^ ny ts ,ny ot^n 
rw^spnyos iyoo:y^p ayn nya^x, nysyn 



K 



tya^osjso ayn p 

ryosy? pa "tnsiso 
lyrany p»nsnaya 
nyojix ^yp^ons t'x 
- k s^s^a„ tyow ayn 

T-TPB p« DIOP^ 

oxnnya^yn ,"D:^n 
->^aia pa o^po^rpnyoa^iK nwwwwv^a 
PV pa ryn^nya tyan^yj t^n ny 5»n ,dip 
-y: p« nya^yn ,sii8n pnso x>v, ,iynyn:x 
nyo^jr pa vwp nyo^npynis, nyn iyn 
tynyj ^srax t^k ^rp-pyo ryu ,do"od 
n^ix osy^ n«J t>x nya^yn px ,ojynnyns 
-^aieyn nynjy^nyn nyn pa csa-oa^i.n nyn 
nyj": tk pa nyi ay^is .^onsa ny:stP 
ay^is px ^yp^ons iyrn fyty^isann \imvs 
nyn pa nyry^ ayn oyn ,t« tyayn ,ayn 
tyoT is v) tDJsoynyo^K Tix "oa^ipis,, 

.O^b'H^X pm 

■yanoyjann sts ?b ,p^st topsa nyn pi^ 
"D^sowp nyjyD^anya pn* lyc^e^sa nyj 
-yj tDsjn ,r^x swsn pnxo *ni pynn^a nyti^o 
^yp'onx rx tya^n'P is *»nu»« nxa iyanss 
ynsn: yj^na ny^^s^a nyoayn: nyn nya^x 
— ,iySn«irojynnyna «n pa nn*o nyi p« 
^«n T8 f nn$T jyp iyo .njyo^nya-^y^a ?'x 
Steajyny^ pk ay .o^s pa rya^s n pk 
npy:is pi^ p« aioT^x^s^a nyn rs p^^p 
~^sb nyj^Pnyos pa niinrnynn^a dis jyo 
-a^^o^asP kh pa anynn^a nh tx pk ap^o 
jyjyayn is oany tx tyann fy^on^a yts"o 
ay ..^onsfi nyt^^oD^s^^a nyn o>o Tt 
o^n 8n8n pnso a$n ,^*ais s on ti« pn 
^yp>onj? pm tya^ojyaynya lyr^^ya yn^n: 
,ttjtODsa p« o^^ny nya^yn ,5srwt 8 r^* 
-^yp^io^y-oaayn nyn pa onNo^-oe^in nh 
-8^x8 nyn ikii .os^o^ ly^ynonmrs ryo 
Pin. 3>it DnynJ^rya t^x oixii ny^^oap 

.roa^Vi 
nytn nsn jyoaxnoya n^o^ ns; 
nyn pa nH^xosp-nyas p« os^xo-onxno 
.^yp^ons vi p« o:st "ansa nyj»p^ai&yn 



(142) 



•aaaipix Nn 



38 



Dax^a ny drt tyonyn^nx nya^ px bwib 
Byu pna Tjrussnin:niro lytn tb— ^Raj»R 
-inynya P'Vpd,, nyn pa jyiyn a^ayaanR 
-anx oytsia 5y^a mx pw »Rfi ya^yyi ,]$& 
-d^pv *iiTr pa inK 1 ' *ma r^t PR iRrrpyji 
pa "oyDu,, drh BnyD&yya dxh pr ."nya 
ya^yu ,t¥'¥8T'jgng < w>bd , '5'813 ,, B8P ny*n 
rh pa ?y:mR kh tyny^ariya i* is: t:an 
»■»» .esBBHrnaytsuDnpRS^n b»d wan* 
axi — tymxn px £bj PR saw i'tir r:sn 
&ax» ny .wMsn ihbd bu uir tny^ny 
,5ypx~ix t'x pa ?8D x b*d fyjjiDsnnya 
.tnxn tVix jyap^ arpx no tps mi -tx 
typ ^"mnBii nyn dvd lyi^tM? '-n D"ii xt 
: cy-ny:tfsa pa tcy^ ?ye 
tnx t"x px ny djrt .ty-uyt^oix k»t», 
*iyt)»anx tiny* iBa px ,tny*uyy:i v» tyaxn 
px dvv> DSKiBTi "n* Tfo^ann Rl PX 
-wiy&DRna lymx pa D"v nyjytfRj iyi 
?nn^n b?b T'R ttfyayi n»n ..."(wtfwr) 
DjyDD^j^n jyjiayj p*i fjn tpr &xn— 
&"t iiTK ?yn ,a8^P prx *pir lyvy^a "iiv 
?&"2ng tyaiT fyaj^jtyj 
bjypyi tya«ni d:r»w ny&vaiB rh„ 
■"ii ny Dyuannya ,-nx^uy "ixa n^p x pn 
*tjx5 nyniR ps* tx ,ap5a t»R nyax ,"iya 
urn lyroan x tyn ,p^j tyw^na »t ty^yn 
trr^axpy rayii apyaayn px tymiv pa 
■una rtr nwaw ryp iyo a^R ."jyiyn 
?y» &xn Dnxii ,oy b}"o Bmn pn«o xm 
rh IW"T ?ij»^jy pr tyiiaw t^J arrR 
"t tr .xro^a pr jynsJ ya^ytx ny-uy5:uy 
-yaa^K d^ ^yn^o p^p ina pw ryjyp 
?Di*'jv-T , niD kh Tin n^p wn ]vm tyj^ai 
Diis^ivTnD kh oyay jya^ri anwi P« 
B»»i iKm ? u^jjy i-j?a n^p s pn 'jjypy; 
-pini dj^jv kh jyrn ? isnjn lypp-Bai kh 
?ynDDnrx vv^zv hh n s a jjtiihw k t? 
-ni lyDD^^D^asp yyi^s; p.« W38n P*i«o 
VB'^aiy yny^t pa xsx&p sn i^j ty^my*r 
yon» kh ry^ynaPN :y^m ya?yn ,nnan 
.DJS^v-n^niD kh jyayj "uatfajy pa tyD8D 
tyj"v lyjjuayn woc^tawNj yovy^ nn 
-j«pi p» ynBovwH w^hv kh rs ,n«:^p 

.luu tya"iaty ^yn 
■»>» ^ia ^yp^i-i?. pn t»-K T"nya58 pk 
*iy ppiyoya oi^ p^s t'x .yana^iynni 
yai"t>iynjy p 1 ? x^ 1 : t^k ay„ tx .roan r:»J 



/saiaus x nil D>n^ lya^yn .ly^^^^a 
yina n„ ,"w>w»DMfp ya^yir,, n \vm\ 

\»P p.R »^1 "»"ltN .11 .t -X "lyJS^ID^D^N 

iTiKian k ni-w tkj cy ti^ii us*? isnys 
-:$ '1T8 i»i«t nyjspnyDs xh .jynyj d^j 
ya^yii ,n>na^ yjyj"» y-iy^n d^d tyrs^ayj 
tin .typ^D^ aitJ' ins p^nnyiy^i tjnjni 
tnsa »n l^ax tyjyn ■uyo^uiK *n» jyrn 
ay dst ,xasn^K. p« nynjy^ yoojyianB'ya 
dkii ,"T txwviV aya^K ty^ayj iv typ^yT t^. 
dkii p« p^'ijpnna-nnK tx nxa &: in to^n 
typ tfpnyos p« m ,Djn^ay«"K »u pr 
-:ir ijjj iyj"T dxii ,jyaxr ixnoanx ry» 
iyp ty» t« ,p^yii nyo^x lyn px v$wo 
dv ^xt tyo iyn ,axnx ax? i'd^d rnyj i^ax 
w^yiy nyjxpnynx'Day d^d ry^yn *uw 
-"« t s x Pinp jyo px nan tyo dxh y^xn 
px spnan jya^a .nyjspnyos .t'd — xaxi 
^y^vyac .tainypnya jhsij ixnoanx tyjyp 
_ XD xn ryjyn nyjjrpnyns xh nrx typjyn 
px "t ryaxn pmv jjx^ xmi .yj.xna y^x^v 
nxa typ BP^nyoB PR tx vnp"^ \ya:$) 
"ix PR ^xd^xp \wirx fianxP xtx jyoip 
BpnyoB t r x tx .BSijn^R PR xm o^a 
-"r px xm xrwro yuxi^tma xn Denyn 
-nyia-8 5^0 x^i ,^xd s ^ wt\ tix ? xax"i 
T'R ty^yn axil .ty^ayj n«TX tayii ~\yi$p 
TT D^yvixii y^xia y^x^xa xh tx ,ryayaiv 
pr m ,-iyuy^ y^x pr niynxn: **p»n»o« px 
nix ya^yi rh tvh ,n«5D'n tix TJB^jy 
-rd nyi tx ityjypnyjB ty^yn axu ; tyaxt 
-xxd'^ ynri^Rnya rh t^x Dxn didp^b^ 
rh ?^ii .xaxi^R px x^i ty-ixa xtx typ 
-pmtDjy ly^^DD^xcaxP ixn pa ysyiya 
xh iv tyn.Ta px t^j ^xnya^x tyj^T »i$ 
? typxp^iTyn ya^yT 
-ax .yonxJD^x t^p pr KUgn pix» 
-b^vxa xh tx f anw^ii cj dStq iy ^nxn 
tyo^jyix B.pnyD8 pr pw dxh yasna y^ 
njn t^R r^i Bhsetyva "ypm,, ya^yt xh 
"iyix t"R "wa'Tt w^i ny .tD^yii nyto^x 
-jx lya 1 ! t^x Dy — v-\v-tix tyi^aj^x ^n 
yixn; *ry d:xt ppjia jytyn px tx ryonyjiv 
BP ,% )»M! PR tx — upw iy dxii roanaMR 
nya^R pna s tyaisinyanx ^x^ \vn wp 
px nyp^ii t'^x ax d^tid dru nji^ax ayn 
&i"o iy .D^aix PR ^xto^axp nyayw 
jytn px — ynxn:s tyj"» lyaso ^n "in* 



39 



•p^^NS 78^SC D'SJJS*- 



(143) 



PX DV„ .nyt3"anx X^n |1Q MlpTttBJO X'n 
"2ȣ X "I8B taayDtaDyna^'X ynyoya t"P St^a 
,yaxscxp y^yn&orpx fx njnx taaxpn 
px miptwe ya^snyn x xpi ,ny taaxT 
n»o ?yp .yta^yD^yaax xh lis ijtfrpsyj ytaia 
ap?>a ,nnyB>n yv~ ;x lyta^xn np nxa (y^xT 
-aix y^x Dxn ,v^yic paw PX Dy TX tx 
taa^pya d&jipix nyn px tyayp yniy&nyta 
-nyn jyttfx ayn •=ii*j aai5na#n x nn jynyp 
taaia x ntanyii px aaitaTinya vaix j'x„ : 5yta 
iv px ax^nxa nya^D^B> pp ."mxian 
-rya-nyta^anx t^o lyvaynyaax? tyttfxn 
njrr"K nynx Dp^niDD pa ?xa px nytaynta 
px dx"i .dpx lyayna Dp^ntaD ytay^xntaoy; 
,P'BP>XB _ >xp*xd pn pa tanxii nyDvy? ■ " ny-r- 

-D^t^axP kh nxa nrrxaya y'n^x x^n 
.didp^vxd px ny tanyt taax^yTya ye"ta 
nxa ny taa^n:*'; ,oy taaxntaya ^x wn„ 
nyn px nnxaya kh tavy^ »nafD»ya ,?yax 
-pf>fep*xD pa &D»a Din pa aaitynsiBnya 

"aytM5>5SE TO jyj^T BP11S jytH PX ."DIB 

ny nyax .on^x epo tynaxtacnyaa^x a">n 
ny m ,taa"» ny ?yn ,rnyta jyopn: x taxn 
pppd x-»n nnin ,dpv px lyttfxn jyayp tayp 
t»»to xh ,jyvaynyaaxp px iyfc"nynya 
,DTPa.xanx Dvy fya"? »t xp 1 ; l^ax aax*ap 
"XP nyn pa y^yty; ya^n^Dnyaaix xn fyn 
dp* »t jyaapiv taaxt^yTya ny^tao^x^s 
px ^xta^axP ty^piv di?l" .nanxpayox^p 
jytoD^x^'axP tytrpiv yaxonxn ,ta."anx 
■nxn xpi T^ayo ptx px nynxtay>xna px 
iy£»piv ,-iycxp px ny«a ty^piv yax*a 
->tacp>xi^BXp ry^a xpi .tyDsytf px stfyp 
ty^XT nyp^ta^xa pa anyanyn ,Dnya"nB> yp 
yny^T t^» axP x nyta^anx kh fy^nnya »^ 
•^xnax ttu ;jx^ ny tayii .n^n-m^ y^tDa^j 
nya^yP' .naoxP'iyox^p fya^ny^x nyn |yci 
■■ , t3D^xt3 , sxP ly"" px tynsayar-x ptx px 
pa ttprttD^x nyn xp*. .ttest^ytya W 
nx»5»iW3"K nyny 1 ^a aa-wo^yabDa^yt 
t^piya nynx^P i? t»K p»nt» ~\yiw .rxnya 
nx na^xPJyax^P jyaynsayaa^x fytyn pa 
• s axP kp pa mayo y?x pa aaiayp'^ss t'x 
;yL'">r,Y m?r' nat: jyonpxa^n yL'^^r^x-j 
.B"an« px >'D , axP 

o^a ry fy^ii Dx:;xn pixc x ,_ ; nyax 



: ansv. nyn rya'tnaya w dpx Dn.^a ny) 
nyny* ; nxt^axp -yix o^anx nybpx fox^P 
~hs nyn iv -ynx nya^x -,v onyrpya ^ayo 
iv lyrDip iv DXD^ax nyax /'ysna nynyn 
: Tfoya -opxa fyryn pa m5e> fy^a-x^ nyn 
ixna p"^,, : ~x; ~y csaxt ^a^xp-iyDx^p niv 
■n^pax^'X rh (• - 1 tynTaspnyog ',v t-'x 
px iyan ;ynaya cyn px , o^2-iX'?x , : > " yo 
n,Tx pa D^nayDBhya x s ,v jyjmmy taia 
ayii jyr 1 - npx px ,ta^pa^DnxPtoaxnya 
tao^yD^axP pa nan x nxa jyaxn iv nn^x 
iv oxn wo fya^yii to^o ,na^a x taxDB'ax 
.nyta^pi ny djsi ,isd nyny^ apx ...tyaa^yp 
x apx ,ix» x xp'i rynyv, i3^in>8jTiya Dyii 
-nya pn iv xpi ptx n^i pm iv ^iiniv 
-ayna Dy tsyii .jynyn Da.xoya Dyp naxta^ 
d^x tyayn oyp Dy rx ,rypnoiv xrx w ?ya 
nan iv ox .nyo^Pi rypa iv taaysxnaia 
iy£»nynya, pppd xh Dy taayntt^ na«t»wv 
,"tyD"T yn^a pa lypntonya DyDi^xrax — 
.ta^anx px ^xta^axP jy^^iiv d^b> wp 
pnxn pa p^ta^xa^x^'XD xh px, dx" — 
.anaayxn .tycpnynya pppd pm ^o saaxn 
ywi rynn^a^vopx }ya:^y; nyv, nn^x r« 
Dyp ny tx ,nya^an ,nynx D^pa^ay^aix 
-^anx yonn^axanx np jynn^aaxnx lyayp 
-x^p pa ayp nyi ,ayp jya^an ny^r pa nyta 
na^na x nxa tt ny tany^pny ,na^xP"ryD 
nyn d^ nxa nyax .Dax^avnyD^anx pa 
pa jyny^vny tyrx^ np ry^xr »? tx .aa.ua^nya 
"o»o x s n xpi ,"na'na-nyta^anx„ ya^yrx 
-XT px r tyt5"nynya pppd nyn pa ijny^j 
n^a,, jytaay i'x npx p^oxpnyaaxP \~\vv W? 
ta>a nxa nn wonjw xaaxn pn^D) "ayiroya 
tao^a nyn,, tx ^yp'Dnx pp px iy;x* iv lyax 
pp ,ny qw* — ("ayapa pw o^v nyraix pa 
"•x lyoyra px lyv^i" »i ,t3yDDy»xo-nx?xn 

.y^ypya r'nya 
tt»a xmc \"p i$: ny dxh D^xaayny 1 
Dvy lya^p »»t xpi r Dax. , a.PT , nta xh nxa 
jya^.nnya iv -px Dair ny px ^np^xanx 
»! rx /'ynoDripx |ia lyaxo-axp,, ynynax 
L v. : -y- tif tao^nta ny .iypyi"' ta^a np ly^xf 
-:xp v^x lynyp cjs^v nyaxPnyDx., t^n w 
rx ,TyTx^nyn ta^a i^yp px i3nPta»inyB 
lya^^a pa jynn^aaxnx "J ly^XT ayrvLv- 
jyaiT iv ntaxn zy- n;xa n T u s ; ny ."ayn 



(144) 



.tssnpix x* 1 ! 



40 



\yw:yn ya^yrx t^x — Dtaypsa yiyn px 
xm ,"*rax5 px b^ ypii8;tt'D \iip„ tyaxn axii 
."aypuxBB,, id x Bxn kuvn pi#b) .Baxr jya 
-"x pua (...nayn irmxna b^b B5yBtyya nyax 
-anya Tin BarayB^ya Biyn pmj^s nyaya 
ajn px .diot^s^sd rx ,i;yB"aix pa ?ya 
p»p ayn ,o*«fii tyrn pa ran tyBuxysxvx 
-nyBX px tynxa tyaaya x tya^aya an f>xB 
ixr ytn tnyBtnya ayn p5sa dxt: fyii ...up 
xh pa yaaxB tyu ,t,yan jy^ia irpx px 
nya nx dxu ajnyansya xh px (I?) nnio 
a^yaaH dxu .y^xaoiaB^nya Dxn b^b fyiaia 
lynyni Bnya^is ty^yn ,ixr vvt anx bsjp 
-onx rya ayn ,tya$ rnyr ay^x ayn ij» px 
-yax is rBnyinjnni pn ayn oy r* ,tya v aya 
...B"pan>iny px nia^n pa tyypx nyaxPH 
an 5>x»a."p ty^yu B"pjpoajnw px *wr 
tyapnx~ia K ,fc i typsa^aasp i* tyiyu nitric 
tyiyamya is dix ,B"3nx a'rxn t"x pa 
dkt .DBawia px *iy5na ayn aixacxP 
-rx,, t n P tyaxn a>a 5m p£xa nyaxPHyax 
-ftm -nyjTx «a ryBnyapyiix 5xr cxu "bib 
-i^ya yaaynya px yrBan nh lyava jya 
..."a^aix pn pa juu 
pa ryaayaianx ya^yrx i"X! ry^yaya xm 
xpnyBX px aayaynya anyn nya^yr ,txa x 
.nyp'B^sa yBoyB^B^yji xh pa aya^x nxa 
win ? rxn-DBxxBr^: tyonna x nxa nxaxr 
ayn ayBamya an tjn ny axn ,n{VK bi"» 
jrr tyt^xyaxT^x ayi px ?oibths v sxd 
bibp^ssb Byn ,ny aaxr ,bixii tyrn pa 
-yax px unxa tyaoya x ty.v^y; D5.xay>a 
-nyax nyi pk ixn px pk dxii nyax .xpn 
t si x un ay Ban ? bisii typn pa nn tj;j«p 
linynjs rx px xaxn ,v « px cibt^x^xd 
8J8fr pnxB ? nnxii /itx apxi ? xpnyBx px 
-^yrx b>b axP oyn iyayna b^ nxa in 5ni 
,ny tx ,>ijjm b^ ryn oy t^x— jyaxia ya 
-ya ,^B~ixa nyjxp^aiayn iy*i pa oxa nyn 
lyiiy; b^h xpnyDX px tyn ? Dy oyaann 

,K&ljn«H PX X^ll OlBT^XB'fi^p lyiJX IX 

nyBJix rx jyaxB iv Bp^i^yj in b^xii txn 
■«a yrn t s x dibt^x^xb osn ly^-nv "rye 
••n tW"t Banjtn ny^yniB^ip t'x .tyB^yii yn 
jy^-'Bix^BX pa B^Tittyaax b^ Banmya^x 
-Bay ly^Dxixpy in px ixa Biaa ,ixypx 
»pn;yBX in Bjn^^nyBaix c^b^jjs ;>Ji5pm 
■yn iyi px nx3 "ux^jy ^ya^^a bis ,pa 



xh ryB^xn ty^yn »t rx .typjyn "t .?yB^i 
^xt Dy nxa tyn .cyjy^yp ynyn px Dujt'iv 
Mwnatsnya xh tyB^xnwax mrtvs »i 
nnafcn dibt^x^xd ayn .didt^x^xd pa 
-XPy Bnynxa ny ?»yi b^ f mixayi x nxa «t 
-yi ryoD^xB^axP xh — B"fD"5j y^os: 
-jix t'x Banmya^x t^x dxt tx ,p>x in iyn 
.ByBnxn^XD oyflns px — ixt ya^ayr 
-ayaya ly ^m pjrusr ,yay^jy^jyB y'nnx 
laBXPayax^p pa una ayi spix in b;>b 
y:XBixn rx rin^B^i px "ix^P tM»x px 
.T^yBiix t^x B^aix px ^xb^xp ty^nn; 
px in »t ryB^xn dibthx^xd ny*T' b*: jyv, 
xh tyayii BiyB^py: rrm nxa p^ejoSjc 
rx avpwi »! ^m ,aaiaynya rx^nn^nB 
ryiy 1 rypmiyB^ix is pixb.^ auya typn »m 

.p^HBD 

P1XB' D^ll ,BJ"iy^ DlBT^'X^'Xa DX11 

-xa lyixpHyox ivw m anyn nrx xaa^xn 
rrx ay rx ,nxa b "? n ^ a iy .:y^^B.H 
nxa ixr yan^nnyaya px ya^Ha^a x ayay 
-•xa Ban iy Bax^myn Dycyn ,dx^p pm 
.ryB^xnisax -lypnxBi^ rix nyaay^ axn i^h^b 
.Dinr^x^xo w^i niayB ya^n Bty^ jyn tyii 
^n iy rx ,iya^B p^a ryB^ny pa rya typ 
-Bn^ann ayn nnrrs-iya px tynxaax nx: 
noioxa ixa Ban^a nya^yn .nyaxpnyox \yy$ 
pa nixiai yBaynyaDnx xh. px rtfm 
-ya ty» tyn iyax nyBHTna n^axpHyBts 
nxa oa"5a ,Baxr iy axn nyBaynya bdxib 
nnyB &s BnyB-anya t^^x iy rx .tyayaisiv 
nyn xm .bibt^b'ssb pa inyB B^a b^ti px 
.iya«pH3ffiD« nya^B^^a-in 
tyaya "ayasxa,, a'xaaxn P14?b tya^r bx 

: aiBT^x^vxa 
nyanyii nynx nnyB Bnyn aiBT^x^xa,, 
viv tyaya p^xa Bjn. tyBX^aisanx Bamay; 
yanbynya px yivBx^ ,, a ,, x y^ynniHan>- 
ya^BDH xh tynya tya^n ya^yn ,v^~\yw 
naynnyii .aynaxia nyaxPHyax pa ysayDy 
Baxrvixnya bxh dibt^x^'xd pa BD^a nyi 
jn.ina b^b ny r^x ,tynnp yan^x px Bania 
dx^p tyDmya x «a tynxnya tyBiayaanx 
xni ayay txnB is B>a B&mi DXfii ,p^xa Pa 
tya^nny px tyan^anynya x inx anyn«a 
uyrpx tx tyananya b^b in Baxa px ayn 
yan^Bayay xh pjnn is yi^nanx yrfyv, 
^v* tyanpisrHK' Daxi >; B x anayair ,aii«D 



41 



d^dhrs ^sjsid D's:j«n 



(145) 



-jir yaR*u dvr ^rbj^r ~>yn^ T^oanaR 
ayi BUKh p*ir» ri D^mimi o^rnyo^vi 
nj/2 ^11 didp^risrd iyi tr ,ptjir ryo^R 

B"fPHB UK yVPBR'S^R W^BfTTyfi jyoa^ 

-hr rh ?yB»iis "ty5"no.is„ is "tu obit tin 
-ibrp ?"r .ya*H rh pa tyayo-iya ayi yo 
-rd rh tr ,ryiyuR ayr ^r: D*ne> odhrd 
_i p »»j irj ,"nptfn„ r -ikj jy^ii jyoDHR^s 
fyDDi^SRD H DRii ayi jyjyu tt jpinya 
"R.n piro .*phr"j tnyEDjyy:i j::r5 pit? jyaRn 
-rp tie mjyia rh oiynya tik o^an BRiTiRJ 
-rd r pr dri ,*iy:pTHO*iya jwwJwfl 
ya^jynya oyii BBR^yrya mb»od»5b»* 
-iyn oyn oy pR tyiyu Dawpwas »»n»nfi 

.•'nyiiR^ptf rya> 
PR yosy^> w«t or*i jyrn o$8aainjp 

.oidpSrisro jyaya oyaoRa ypiRO» 
03R»ya drh "iya?yii ,r::rh piro ,rt^r 
dmir oyio ,o"aiK yioyna pa ryiR^o 
yoayiyj pr jan»n„ pa nyjH^noiya d^r 
?w$p b»j Dy pr — "o^aiR pa aairtfya 
tyDRj3Ro - t3DRno rh pa pnyu oxrm drii 
urn .tyttD^RtraRP y^R pa Banrnya>R pr 
-pTii iyi pR Nnrpaann >pro dri 5rt ;yo 
juwtfya yoajnyj pr wean., ?D"pa^ 
TO iri BHR^iya dri or — "B"aiR pa 
oaaoyp oyi aynis pr diothr^srd in 

DyOD'O y^DD^RD^BRP RH \Vm W IJf 

-itpr oyn iy pa tyaaoyp mr5 vtr tajni pr 

pr ,y"j r pmaanR bwi pr fyaRinyBJiR 

tynyii vn tyjyp b*j oyu iyj"p nyaSyii 

,»«arw yioyia pa 

.DIP^DHRB 



pit? t'N typioig iptn jjni ,ta"2f ijn p« 
B3>}"i2j?j ejNiJjr^jyta iyr oxn ,usj?Tj?jiDnN unijM 

P'0^N9- ( 7N1SND KH .lysyifi-DlSiO pfl JjniKtttt'in 

iysK oyn ,]yinifiis3in oanp unh iy ys^yn 

kh ^i»n ,iyiyT» oiyiayj;^ oo oino pit iin 

lit oj?n ]ik ipsyi'bsiys ti« tyB^nynys-piniD 

,iyi— .dkukib itt'N lya^wn 



.jyoRj pr v$tMya«n iyiR ymRS-Dany^ 

TR W^IV fyaRH n/BD^RiSRD-D^ i^a,R 

dbr!2 nnyo drh iDjyinjna iy:RpnyoR ~iyi 
jyony: i^or^ in: jpjjjp ly^^jjy nyi r^ii 
r 1 -;- riii lyp^aiajn y^rRysRi^R ya^ytR 
-^srd nyn ^«t aiiRii— i^ipjrib pr rm^ 
nyi pr pr tynsa r jy^ay: jytDiR" didt^ 
? di: pi?aiayi -lyjRpnynR 
jy^ytDB' is i^iyiv 1 ? T , ^njy:^R r^R ay 
tr ,tRHB tyo ^rt drii 1RJ ,iy:Ria ya^ytR 
-r*ij iyp;yi nyrpa nyjRpnyDs yoo^o Rn 
aiiRi no tyo »r pr RiJRii p^iRo rmi yi 
?pniR tyiRajyaiR rtr nnR jy-,yat3:y ^w 
-ly^R lyD'na un uir £3:iy^ lyts^n 
-nay-it^ rh tr ,wa«n pn.RD sirtrps nyjRP 
h roiyinynyni,, iy>"t didt^r^srd pa iy; 
-a^iny pr mc^n p: lyyi^R nyjRpnyoR 
yryn iyj»n irii ,n^*aR in»R nD"ii I*d«p 
i^d D"ii Rt ? lyiniR lyjgpnyoR y^ysyao 
-yjaR-iR o^ lyjRpnyoR rh jy^n jya^n 
-jn y^yiR y-RU iyj": pr ^yo'n pa ptfRa 
yrfyn tia ,*iyyaRi^R rh r^ii iyt?3yo yn 

D^RBjyiyi .PR3 PR PRH »i» lyDRBJJ' »»l 
DRII PR ,D'J 1R: R3RH P1R0 TJ1R Diy^piy 

nyjspnyoR yjRaD^o^nyj ytyn inytasswa 
nmo,, pa irirt d^ii iy ^.iRiiaR .tyyn^R 

."DIIDP^SRD P3 

-lyuiRii y^R id^ "iri tyrn dri nyax. 
-rh »t : p^rb iyjRpnyDR pa m^yD yiRa 
n^yo yjnimpiyn rh /wr onyt .^rj rya 

^RT DRII "D1DPR,. PH lyTR^iyi IS B»J fl 

rh lynn iya^yii ijyni« »a tyonyjpjniR 
hr pn pa ain^ya yoayiy; pr wean 
■y? Dy ! lyiRPHyoR rh tb hrih "iD^a 
lyo^Rii n^a nyaR ! Diot^RpnyoR nyn ya 
-M^iy oy ^rt drii ,p5rd rtr tynyt ;y^yii 
pa lyiyn is tynyj iiy: jyD^Rii i>o ; tya 

"i^IVS D^ I^BR PR P^RB DyDin^nVS RTR 

tyaiiipynR iy?R^ 5rt drii ,p^rb cva-i^ 
n»a PR yaniny rh nyiyi^tiio w«j «a 
nyD^ii .D^aiR iyn pa yoana ytDjymya 

"THR^SRD RTR pB tyUM jy^yil l 1 ^ ?y»^lRJ1 
.^RT RT« t3«R^iya DRV, 010 




(146) 



.fiSJlplX KP 



42 



.t^cya** ;« ;is rpipnj?B ijn 



•I ' a $ n «M pa asynya'K ; ngfig^ ^1X3 PB 



P*T*83 .IgBfigil ,8D*D&B> PB jynSPya t3i/D 
J3»*T fl« &3KTJQI 112 ^8^ &*J *H KM 

px lynyrasa BBnirJtt tyagn DnntDpsn 
,Ty&P83 ya^anyuyaiyDnx ym rya"5a~iya 
ya^yrs pa ry-iaiiya &:nDy»B>ya tyrn ya^yn 
ty-mitst? ,ryasnys vrmn% m BWff&w* 
t^» rvD"t? *iyn typy-isay px tyopsa an 
>n ya^yn "a ,rs>annn Tin pa Dmai» km 
iyan>rDxa-iyau< tyvaxa lyn pyyis ryann 

njnaxaxa w tyaawivya tynya pa tk 

;bbppdu8» ayn lyiy^pny iv px pytMitfa 

,Tftyb xm B"ii »it* ,t» axrr ix"i "wax 

-yaa*?aya Djn. pei int$a»ne> xh trpDpysDjn 

pyau< ,ty5««aiw P^x "iyry^ *iyn ^jit .aya 

nri nrpx tx 5st »* ,aatfny*-iy xh w^v 1 ? 

->x an T'Ki .tWMjrnw' pa *iyjy:ntp» : iya 

txnyB nyam ijn px ^j^nyviy p>r nya 

r^ax^snuxB yonwa ryrxft/aDnx axn px 

tyayp ya^yn tyjuia"*irya (Dt^npaxnp) 

nxa B»&D^«yn iv iyt»iiD^» vt m"5^pb 

nyanrvryo njn a^xmyDnx nyry^ xh 

.?8'cyax-)B 
P. L. 

.nyaoysyn ttxax» px wwa px oxi 
px Bnayn ^oy px ,^8P BMW px ryanm 
taxn mdb> nyn jny^in *p?PJnp lynya 
,tyD83' kh tyanvya ^«J»5 yD^ii x one xm 
Dip tyDiayaain mn -am nya^Dsna 8 
-?yt xn jyaynoya tNjtn px 5yo:s» tytsopn 
.typnB^ nr 5yats> nynyaDia yjyia 
MS* 8 anayax^p ,aanya yn^a « t^D 
px pax jyny 1 d>o nrw^ ,tnx* » t« 
» iyay^ nyDTDPym x xm fyaxt^ya 5>»y 
■oyn ty^yaa^ya njyvayJa 8 pa nyDDjya 
ts.n nyDDjya o»t nynyus nyi. pa .Hnso 
t^^n^an-^ya n»a jyjy^yj tt n« tnyry: *iy 
Dya » p« b'^b yroiD nra s tynvyjDMN 
cyp^B kh o>d /w5T*n yD^ii ; Djnj pb 




"lyDnsya 8 n^n »sn - 
■nya^K i$»:y"i8B> pa 
»BnpDiJ8»8tyayjy3 
«p pa nyj"» Di$n\ 
ya^yii ^Dnsa^y^^K 
tyansDK'yi trim r» 

.toyDBMnya otjtrr njJBnsya nyryn »n\ 
d^ ~i«j jwors ^»y pyDsanya nyn t^k 
5yB"iw y:n« d,tk ts»n ty» ; i3nw yjw» 
tyanrr » pa ^nyaya ajn ^i» Dnse^WJ"* 
-3.ya»BW pn pa tt»» nyn p« iyn ,iyo»fe?ya 
inynjiryjas lyn^ny^ an^i iy» Dsn isbbik' 
-ayii n^y^yaD s pa Dananx nyn *urm« 
ijrwpw ts^ytMs^jJs o^ t^s nya^yii pyo 
.b5«db'j» "liyn pa 
dsii py^Bss "qs^ria Diynjin »nn kh 
TN -d»ii n« ryayjy: td d«h nyoosya ijn 
k t^n tyayptj'yj jyj^T pn »a 'w »Hjn 
p« po»n ytDBsmyay^a a pa .ww^Sa 
.y^yv y^ypjn ^?. pk ,D^y?"R D^a 
sh in p« ts^snojy dbppdiisp nyrn 
pa pya>K »i iya^; td ya^sm .^i^nyvny 
tytniyjonK w-nin?^ ytn i 1 © in tNjin tovy> 
-ya an *,n a^n tk d^" 1 .twupuwt nm 
.tya^Dayaynya vx tti^'k tyo^cya D:yp 
-axa «h lya^n- »"* nytaxy^ nyn i«a lyax 
lytDD^s^ysD yt3Djna xh pa tyaaiansa 
DasnayaDmx tu» P« ti« wpt'osjs'rt P« 
y^. d^i ,iw:w"«ny yapn^ipnyo ya5yt« 
twjn\ iwwisny ya^anyiiya jnyram 
n«a»T px ty^ii ryna ,pnDD^nya-Dca^yr 
toasiaya lya^n oyn^snnvian^ ya^cayo 
p>s payi nyanyn .Dyay^oiif 8 p» rynsiiya 
-sa^Kn^na nyi cyw iy»D"5 5yn t , k ts 
-rwxny kn ^yn t» ty^i ,taE^ayDm ny^u 
\* aiaya p« Dy .rypm ntDjn: ^oy pb aai^ 
-anya iya^n y^ya yan^any ts .jyan^njr 



43 



•cayss |'« ps cppiya njn 



(147; 



U)"t ?yanay iv pn ,iyaain pa tyaasayao^iR 
-BDa^yr tnyaya w tapajnya iy dnh dpid' 

.*p*sb 
?vp v* J wajtf "^ "to bjpj dru is,, 
jym ryor w dru jyanp ■=i»j iwJ'fi 
Bra»no*ute tr 5yii dru ta^o "iyaR payaR 
m »\\ rh .twiuo'iya^K .jyanRn *1WJW DJH 
vb hbdrp nyn imp: briIi w ? ayta jnyta 
pr tyay^ dis 5y&^» nyny 1 tr raytaDnpy 
.aniD 1 pr nay^y pd Ssnp n R'li *iny» b?j 
-"^lyaain pya^p^aaiR l pn Dy 5rt aiaya 
-*y5 djh *pir ?yanN j»»n jr rtoyr ,ivi:ai 

."DypaRa TVtD 

»b?i taaR&yayT^ TWMHsmyaiB p.'t pit 
.ftp i'*pir irpn jyannyaaR tap-iynyaaiR ny 
-sis nnx 1 r pa t«» lytay-p^pya vb r 
jnnunwi r b^d ,ph ryD^yr p» span ,a^v 
■»vu R b^d .Banya yayTR^ayaaR i'r ,Tnsa 
pya^i» wna nyn tr pna unan ?yo 
,?yft&B>a'iaix Baypya anp Tt Birh SyBaso 
-an oyn DaaiBya DRTpnynanR "inyr brh 
*pw noun pn apayayfonnR .jya^p^j 
: mxry> iy taj$n pyBftp D'ftoy 
?TiRBBDa5yr pyaya rt^r Bftii ifPK— 
.^jsayo B-iyaBayya iy brh .r 1 — 
?"11 ,iyay£ -iy"N jyjH:y Bftii nrpN— 

?wyaain D»t vpk 
.r 1 — 
■vpk ; B^iaya Bia ,»v "wa B"t IiTr— 
bdip ;iit vr fyayii ,jnd nyi jrrmJ B"T 

P^B ^XJ 

,5Nian ik^o r isa d.tn apayBasiBya 
ayi ^Na DaNB^ya BBRiYiyay^ia ftay bra 
DPiRByu pn pns pn nyryn .tyBaNpyaaia 
-DDy ryDma oyn jyaaRayaann p« f im*BDjn 
lis Dya^N pn DvyTya ^n dkti pm ^kst 
"»i»*m» s o^d .pyoD^-DDy xnynjitya «h 
■i\n Din t3n*5w:«K ny v$n yjyra nya^ 
\vw5vi t>k c>d i'n^« .?Jtto» iv Tt jyanya 
Tt oijiT ly^nyjiin nyn p« ,»»na DKiitay 
.inyn Dssayaw ti^ii s mi 
,Ta»nfi p^o p^nyj ^yo^as ^^n oijn — 

tyia r^a tansn .niana y^» pa yBDT*«ne 
.aicpynrn' ayi jyais^rr. tsyn 
-yjD^K ^^y c^n p^ajynx p^« pn 
mj^y- nsn tyo .bid nyft/D oyn iMHjf? 

.DiyDa 1 ^ yjyDijnaya 



D^D^y^D^iK an^wjw tyaxn ,]yannyE 
f DypD8Eij-np ; n^n -\ywri yvyz ynyn 
tyiiyj tyj^T ix^nD d>j^o jpbf«« pk jya^o 
-«m pn ^yEy yjnw ;tyai«D pn ryo^nya 
,*UPb«b-t"1 p» B?yp^iy«"K ,Dy:nya ya^ 
■»ni pk m5Ta d^d dp^w ryjy^y^ im ty^n 
onyi^ya ,jyi«^a Tjra»tyn & .^y^anyp ya 
tjrrwttw t9^n .oypxss yo^mpya^T d^» 
lyis^a ijn .D^po^TpnyDE^x yvjgj pn 
Dy ts ,5jpb 'its tytD^^yja^H ?yiiya rn 
-ann ,»«^b yj^n pn tnyryjD'nx Tt o»n 
.ly^anD p« ^^iyay^ ysya o^d tanjn^y: 

■B^,» yjiya'T tt jyasn iw^is D'^ny 
px bui£ *»o»m px "lis yj^r pn Djyayy; 
.WWWD»WKst Tt tyaxii "lyjn^v yan»^ 
iui »sn "iya^p^jJiN nyn ts jyD *m tn^ 
own nyajin lypisi^ nyi ; tyoyjyj du 
■jnw »p tyD^^ya ,tDnjmy«yosnif DiTr 
kh pa fy^pDiD nh tya^xyajyosnv ,nn 
.yj^DD^n ^id v^ D^ay;js \m lywnrpusa 
d^j ,T^yv>ya:iN lyjstpKWJ iy t^n ptb 
ayi "a Dnyj^D^nya ,D^yp p>p *h#5i**b 
"lya^yn ,*wa& jya^Dy; nyi pa p^ajn 
8 lyauD pyjjin pn ry^D^ Djypyj ta^sn 

D^O DiTN jy^BJS pK DP1D.' 1 yi"t IV «TlD 

yasii^ i$ tn^a .ttfyii nyn pa jyjy^j-iya 
dsit ,nyz pa B>»nwo2ns nm« esn apj? 
bx^p P T » .ts^snya pindc nrx tttpi ny 
pn ,an^ kh fyasnais d^sh Dona i'd^ 
iyr^2y;i'nN d^sii jyiN^a lyD^j^iiyj ny- 
vwpy) yfoiyx"* osn ny .njyn yj"t p« 
iwn pm pjtD rvit k .Tiia xh isno jyay Ts 
pyn is din ^id nis nynaiw pn tyiN^a bis 
spin jyasDB'yj ny t^n ^n"i .ry^NQ P^ lynyifi 
-jyjnayr pyDTD&yyais n n>h nrs pn^b p^n 
jHjyv'nanN pn tyj^N, y^taenn y>"i wi 
.^pia p« nywin oyi nypnutMJ' ^nj 
nyn .^jynniDNJ nyn !3j^3»b iyn 
anayast , jyoyjyj pn taasaya o^rii pyn^ii 
nh nyax "lanyaain pa t*„ • "nsBa^R 
oyn "ind nna nyt .isod^sb n isb niid 
-ayo yoin^^v* ynyraiR pa p«v fy^NiND 
jyasnaya osn r naaa yayas I's iy;ya Dya 
■~iyn pn Dnnn^NiNB .d^b pn ^vn vi"t 
in pd aas^nya jyap^sniya oyi L3p>D^ 

.*iita»a 
DNny; lya^p^aam ~iyn Dan, drii pn 

"D R'11 "D ^NT T^R IV ? jyaRH IV RlID DR11 



(148) 



■ toBttplX K"H 



44 



V* .iniyji kjpo pixtat? i"x tx axn ,mn 
.^tayas 8T8 lyasoiya re fyewimjtt Tt w 
,tk x pa inyn a-wnya T8 ya^yn rtftfa 
-yj p8 dd"j t*va tyanaiya to taaxtnya 
pk, D'&yais ,«t ytaaxiya tk iy2« ,frva 
T8 .yay^ i.8B lyay.i .antaayp 18B iyayn 
ayi .tyaso ixa px ryaxo pna Tin ixa ay? 
tyn ,tin ~i»j tx 5ms ryiy^jnya ry'n»8 
5an r?8 pk lyta^m .pine mm Day tx, 
panyi ....» lytapisTiya iyi pa tx .a^an 
px jyaymya pro tx .lyorvi pw imx taayp 
Sn*x xh tan p»Sb d^n tx .iynnyaai8 
ifrx 1 :pd"tt px "ire re .lyas^D yj^o pa 
-mxaaypix px "ty^nxP is jynya pip tx pa 
fna^'reax laxtaty a^x pa tx .taxaa.xr> 
xh ta^o ps yay^ pa tytjnp 8>i ta>» in 
y?8 tyaniya in typ tx .rn-iny pa a^n^a 
-iya ,iyax .ta?yn isrea'sa iyi pa aayanaiya 
T8 ,Dy?8 axi ytaasiya tx ,T» tanytat*> 
dsii .Dayaynaiya y?s ryayayapyiis ta?xn 
-?nx» p'K ixa .ty^ani nxa in jyayp ty^aya 
-taay^xta fyryi ,iyayp-taanni p»n pb ta're 
nyi pypwa rya^tae8t?ayDni px ry?xa 
.my&J> px ay? tx wnyn t?ay» |ya<rea"x 
-ya taxn p^s taxa ty»yii ,i?»i rw5c ?yn 
taaitaynya^x imsuya px ,r»an ta^a typa^ 
ixa in ryp t»o dxu oayaynaiya y?8 pa 
iya px tynt^yaanx taxn px fy?yta&nxa 
dxi px — "?an ?an a^an ?an„ ajtfapire 
y^» ttvuyao^K taxn iy 5«ii ,i«aixn ixa 
-yj pa fymna «h ,yay^ pa a:yjy^>iya 
ytai?xDax pa ta^nayiynare xh px ,pjsi 
tya^aya pk iy tyn t3"x iyi pa ;a:ny^yi 
tia nwn yt:oayn van p« uyanuiK ww 
,iyuy?y p»« ? yay^ pk osn j&>m ma^n 
■mj on? tas^n Dy .tyay^aiya ijnaynynya 
nya .tDjjj^re t^k ay ! isi^ — am f tyaJ4?ayj 
van tya"t ayi t^n i^^iya ps .ryi:iKii^ 
■i^K iyi ,B«pwVy r» lyasM pa ixrpna 
r»5» pa iyr?p tynya pk iitsDNB iyasa 
"8pna8 ayi pa ,ty]$re8: y?8 ;aan ayi 
tya$n y?x ,iyryj>a jy^ya ayi pa iyjyj iy: 
-sre^D pa tya^re lynoya ayi d^s tyoijy^x 
,ina lycna^yjonN: \% o^uya^niy iy? 

-^BD^8B>B8P 8H ,TSf- KH 8^11 r*T3»5"P 

Diyayi lya^yii D8?p "iyi ,yn8wnia y^ 
1^8 iya?xni re ax?p iyi .ta^yii, kh nvy 
pa ijto"8 pa 1^8 rya^yii pa ps ix&S&z 



in Dy'ain irp8 f ty^ii ovw ni« — 
iyoy re rraw 8 181 pk ay .pyii8 

.DMia t3>0 Diyaon^ 
.lyDyjyi tan 18^ ta^n tsn iyoya iyi 
-y33^i8 iy D«n unjrwww 3 D>n;! D,D n ^ : 

ODM^B' t3DJ?J t"t 8ni t3a8S 

in tDQ8a ps ?ya^ax a^ Tt »^un — 
.tytaany: y^^iy 8H re jyvasJ pk re» w: 
yjyta^iaya 8i 18J P8 ay T8 ,an Dayjiya 

.18?8B iyUD3K? 8 Qyi383 P8 TJ83 

ttf&fi lytD^n lytanya 8 8m nt8 jrr«na 
-yaj"8 iy ta^n nr« ,nya tytax^nre 8 p^ 
lyaiv ayi pa D^yas tyK' , B?y^ ayi tyttfsn 
ya^t3a8^jyam i8:8t P8 yrip o>» ,t8» 
ayi pyny^iya ttfsiiyji iy »»n jyajiiy^piy 
?8t iy ai8 .tyanyaain ayi pa jyaynnya 
j«yn ayi inyn D8ii ty^TB 
-28138 tti^ana ?^o ya^tsy v$n ^oy 
-y> i8J .lyoyne^nsri ry-ixaiyi38T t n t typ 
: tya8ia-iyo:ix T»5a an^x o^n iya 
ro'ia D^oyas ly^K y?8P tan Da8» — 
■5yt 8t8 ryaxn t»tk tayii oas tan ,iyiyi 
tyayayapy^s B^utii t« .ta>taya>8 ayayta 
8T8 18a ,wms layrntannyv ,pa«ia laytnta 
ytaaayn 8^i t>8 tyD.y .py^8 sm ta^taya8 
tyaxn^yi y?8 ,»"WJ3» iyi pa taa^aa 
-8»yiyv ya^'M 8 i8a taa8»ya B8"i tya^n 
nre^8ta8P pa yiii&viy* ytaoyia 8H .v: 
p« yan^'M 8H ^sDiayas ay'any^ t^8 did 
taaoy iyo jyii ,jPt9D^*H»pv y^aann^nya 
?ii^i jyay .ta^a p« ^^?a a'ta8a ta^'iD^a 
Ha f tt"p5'BB> yryn^yi 8 p« lyon^ tyo 
r^8 ixntaiya ?yvaxa px \^t $w pasiya iyi 
ytaayia «h tya^n ya^yii .tyaxaxo 8n .ayi 
-DiK tan tyaxn ,n^38 ma?n p« iy?taDa>p 
-Biip iyn p8 wpfrwir Dinniyaa^x taan 

.iyore-BDy jya^ 
,tyay tan iiyo pw iyp 1^8 i nxnx— 

.inyr i^8 paxi 1'8 
-ya 8 tb iyp:8i yiy^x lyaya ta?xn— 
-a8^a 8 tan t>a tk 5"ii ,ta^nayay?ya yiya 
-Qiiani-?ya 8 tan p8 iypayi"ia ly^^ax^ta 
TjTK .jypa8i ya^p taoip i>o ,taanp iyan 
nxn tavyi p« ,vpwp ly^s taanynaya taxn 
.ry-iyi tyayp i v n ny^8 yiy"« jy^yii tk 
-aya pm tap^pya p8 ryaxDwa ta^n m>8 iyn 
nya^yn f p>5a 8tx d^d ,txixtaayi tia lytaa 
4? pa a^ya xh fy^ynpre taaypya ta?xn 



45 



•t^DysN j's ps cpijnyfi -iy- 



(149) 



nya '1T« fW"? ds-ii ,;yDHPK kh„ 
kh pk pnR iy5«a ,p^yn n^iy pk dbjpb 
irnaywinaya ,martfnn y^saa'OD^nyj 
-^.twye ay- ties ppjia^wo ayr ,p^aia Din 
pa taw ny'noK *un pk Tia *iyn iTia tya 
-naya pn pis, "ikj pk ay .b'thsoitq nyn 
kh nyp« wvwn kh o*n ,iyjjni D»vn 
UN yta^n nya^K pyiis Tt lytitf pn, my 
y^tj>nnaD kh pk ma iyi .ty'D^ yt^na 
-d^k nyn^K t ta"prDyn» "lya^tpjye nm pa 
dik .BVK^aiv t^j 5kd p»p nyaK ,ty:nvy:i 
-iv iytj>jy» D*n ty^na iya$wiv::K arpK 
pa lytspntna kh tny&tj> yDma px spu 
lyjus^ya pk yonainya w«t .nynay^ y^s 
nyo>K lynyni pk yyjw* .d^vu ■•itb tw»i 
Syaip-ny a'pa iyp^ya y^s D»n ,D"jya 
vk 1 5jro"B aiv ,nw .&j\3"snya tyum 
-yj »v - ■•; '.'".i »*,»» .BTjjTiys Tf s*i 
?"N ,n8B"iin pk d$ " n'ya* ,n^>-H u tvto^n 
tn nim /ustawmw ayi pa *ph tk iyu 
iv td ttJtrittnyE o*n tk f eiyBD"3-ya ntu 
iv tyinypDiK Tt "veitf nyax .fcypK ?"» 
-ownya k -i#a dkii iros ,p:y tjjm'.r 
jw i G5>:y» nm pk D^yfiypya yntr : 
bmum any&p iv itij^j k--v. .tyosp^JiK 
s»fi TiB»: kh ."py "a'- pa nrn snrus 
.^y^s-My-tar k k^i jyaawya d.tk t^o Tt 
■jis ayn o'o typjwya arpK D$n Kn D»a 
->np iv ,y&a«TB>T nyn pa 5y:n$p tya^njy 
PsnB'yj ayn t^» dbthb? PK JJ85 Tt iyp 
ps p/rvDH ayn &n w: ,p^vi jyiy^nD pa 
nys w ,yo:y iyi pa jy^o lya^aoynyjiK 
in t3^n sn .b^pptiw tns oy?s jy-'H 
DR9j»ayrvT tytyn ta 1 ^ ,ty«8aya dh'k t3^a 
lyostma ^pa ^yD^yayt^ya y?8 ins rjyp 
ya^yii .Dnyii ytj^tDnsisB r»t is^o "iyp 1 *? 
P8 tyD^yay^ya ytsDa^p'^nya^ «n f.yj"t 
-^a iv BnpsiSanD kh iHjyauai ,D^yn njn 
DBKrwanwj ayjyr^s ny^r p« vt iyi 
yny^t Tin t.t JHjyp3>ntDJ» iyo»« PS 
;ya8o nya^j-yo nyi i ayi d*o ty^yv 
.Dvjyuya n'ms .Dviyuya nnyt r^s^yas 
•:.yo nyn dsh ,t*8 nnv x 1- :. iv a^iv s PK 
,iy38o t«t K^ii nyoyij ;y^n ?yjn« ajyt^ 
.tyju^yw^R Dy^a d^^ p« ny tonyr Dy5« 
asn tk .OT'TOffl p^j Dy ryp ny nyax 
ayn issa jjurntfya ^ c^s ddmib !>■>« nya« 
D"P381W N>1 Tin ttyi"5 ?y38» t"B d«h 



— nyt)jntD*iya yoDpiNDL" p« ytaoayn K^n 
jyny^ lyBmniyaamis Tt lis B*fi ds^p iytn 
xwnTiB pa «d y^yiDpy^ytDj'x. pa »d , ,: I8 , 
-jkj pk jyayjy^ya^ -qn D^n p« ,B"n*iB 
n tyasK'ya iv p» ^ia ayT jy^BS iv iyv 
dsii ,in»K dd"h .y3 ,, t3ay»-T»ia pa yD»n 
lyrjis p« dpb2 "lytoDjyD^yr nyn t^b Dy 
as lannnyopsriBa ny^yii .topsa. nyi ,to^v 
tD^ pk d$t ? D-ly^Jl^~l^x , nytjiN ty^oya 
nwy kh p^j r ty&y^yt9 pa ^n^aiy k^t 
ustsB'anK nyn t^j ^nx t o'Di»n pa 3:ipjn 
^a y:^"iyny^ kh d^j ps y:\ni$p ny- pa 
nya^yii ^nyo -wv'pp ivi vx a$i .i^nyo 
pa ?nyaya nyr. si^ik lyi^iiyj tDas^yj pk 
,?yoD^83*rit5'T ."ly^yo^toan^ py^DD^P kh 
ayi pa pk nyay»-DDaK^yDni ,iyeKTK^a 
niany»:.8^8a p« nyerr^aya ixn pa cya^ 
nnn n:yavp «n li'D-v; jy^5 *.s .y-is^r 

PK P1K3 !>',1 D»X ",jn PK ,1570 pK SKI 

ov"5anyB pk BimBaosa f Dnyj»^ya &)\jn 
nyay^ernDnfto p« vi zmvsnsn ,^\?z \&z. 
yiyn ,""? Jyasn r,??;:^ p.a iH:: ; v2r:? pk 
■ ■ -,-^a *yp-:niiya pk tyr'n.v* ,-rj:vz yo^na 
iik. yjysbi'ny -isa dkii .^^jnyiiyj kmi ,jh 
dik .typyi iyrn dkt mw: yj^no^DD^nj 
lyp^ajiK y^K kh wk ptk vt tya^rny iv 
,a$yw»nyjonK "t tyavn ya^yii ^niD 1 pk 
*"na pk tt«.piinn ktk p^d jy^any iv pk 
yna^Dani pk vwiy kh no^yj pa o«n 
(*i D^n^yD iyi pa ijj^p^d 



tin ,t<n tanyi .tr jyatyn lyjyn ^Niy» iyn (* 
lis einn-p ,a lyPiya P» tsayisyjonK tynyj 
-yia ^iN2 iyo>nBiy^"N _ l»*i^BDyi oyT pn yiny 
-snN ynayj'bNS lynyjj t'« u"t p'N «i^n .]t?3 
-ya lynyj) t'n th^b ]yn o>'s iyT p«„ : tisnt? 
iy:»n ya^yn ,]yjNTiy2 yoniyj iy2«n .uiyatj 1 ? 
jyayn 'nis yiy in lyEyiu is iyny? oan^nyj 
lyoy »»t dnt tapiyoya ts'J ^>n» ]"p ,iK2y*i3 "3 
IN'^a 2 jib BTKtat* lyaiy^u^ya n pk Jina'ta 
."1870-1871 .mtrsa 
: lyiiyj px u"t jyenns r«i'iK 

A Monsieur Brebant: 

Ernest Renan, Paul de St. Victor, M. Ber- 
thelot, Gh. Blanc, Scherer, Dumesnil, A. 
Nefft er, Ch EdiToid, Thurot Mare/, E. de 
Goncourt, J. Bertrand Theophile Gauthier, 
A. Hebrard. 



(150) 



.BBJIplX NP 



46 



ms dti v^a *iyan>anynya i& pa tk ! nnnc 
D-uyawwa yanyay^ p»p *iya« p.tk am 

■Dni t"Q .TK D&yi DB8HP KH tD v J DJ8Q-iya 

tyDB8^ayDm &P. tDa^Dtnyam bssbux/d 
pa dbkip yvasa kh .tywo ynvnj« pa 
-a-yam yvasa kh p« rws'na oyi tsy^sasa 
kp tyayaya D*a m Dan pmsn pa &&*&> 
TK j»t3 8 djkd'd miv tyoy IV D."pa^jyD 
yny "na hk ynBsnynawi yryn rnya "lyaa 

! rtfyo 
xm r oiinjinnhK s SytM.nyva"a iyi„ 
ddu$ pktk^b lyatswpTa lyDmu nyi 
■wnra* *iyi p» .o-jy^m-y oy o»n .msp, 
nyn ,(iy»2 div ya^y*) di»pkpd5'8. pa dijp 
nya D>a 5$d ]"p -^a tyo &$n riDKa nsa 
tyDmiv can tyv^.iv&nK dij mR \$xsb& 

"8081 ^BDpy ytP'DD^BB^BSP kh ...Dvy sm 

pya yiy 1 tjijn .aaya^vyao^K mK pk wv 
yoDayisayaa^K xn ,DB8^aya"N ya^ayr 
•wx* Diyu .mxprnpam nyi p« 
iv om Ami:* f's pa tyayaya arc Dviaya 
TSb'BUP iyi *rnn Bin»jyj"« pn tytD\riya 
pn spw tytttfnya id*: nny»2 pw Tn dd'5 
yjywnyj &vy v &qffi iy ; hdid nyayam* 
d^s tDy-tmpvya iy fy»yn pyp8&y5-«na 
.pw ann* iyapnnD*iya »t pa lyDsn^D 
pa b»»pB^»anif kp tnnyviya tmbb nyi 
-ay^ rp Ba&ppasfi nyp pyvogp pn 
~iy.B nyi K.m ms pagans yi«t pa bbotp 
pa Day^wa nyi dmr idvu jjv lyayanm 
tyam tyayyiDDjn pa ikj .ty^papyDBJ rp 
ya^jm ,tyDB8«>aya"R miv lyay^aiya *w: 
■wa*§P ayi pb tanynyaD'nK tt tyaRn 
Tfoyj tyam d^t .D\DPwnB5s ryt^tDDp 
ma "un pa D"papya-fya8*itD-iy*:a' , p rp 
...tyasia pa B»pi*fliyarbijiR»mya rp PR 
pya iv tyaa^ya D^a nyi^p ^«d t>» tDvy* pa 
.mipiD s p« jytD^p^nya »*rat ytn ty5nakii 
MtK f tya>ipTyiBi n« iwpw typ tyo y^jni 
pB ^wdik kh tDB^piya n« Bfi>ip tyo «ni 
,ya>^tDD^D kh pa rump «h ,rr^na nin 
k^~i ,nytDan px nyayavyryD pa ty&myj oyi 
ojn tia ?bb> ojn. pk nya^na' ria dddip 
tymiya ejn\ nya^yii ,r»o tyn .lyp^ya 
pa nyDyna ^y>a pn tDyii f nynD.ixv, \yv^ 
ny ,ts»v3 tied ivrtp ti« lyDma ayi £n«p 
«n tsi lyDyn^n^i nyoojna iyn pn ojni 
i4?n »n tib vyi kh tD^n isn .d^vbp 



njstDB' n r .K pa tk .tidsd DDy^jyo oyn pb 
nBtxnyB p« pyoynanya iv ^yD^as «j^jja 
jyanp r.yp v* duii ,nyn tD^c oa^np pn typ 
yj^D xm ^ts ,rytD'mv 8 tw, tyi^o djh 
tytDDy^tD kh tya^p tytDD^rpssp nyma 
-yn .ty^Dyo'tD^D ynyn pa tyomya Dyi pk 
-nya TD ts^t in v K tk pkb tk is5^ nyan 
xm mtk .Daynp-DDDiiTmya nym jyenp 
-DtD^anx nym tq iwa»ipiyB nyD^anx 3?D"» 
y^y^opy^yojm nym unu^WK kh ,Dasnp 
h f B"p3^tDjyi$ nym *iyTD«p kh ,Dasnp 
yp'D *i«a yay^iytDio pis. ^^d nym ty'DK 

.njn^p 
?^^jiyD *iyax djti pk - 
p« DBK^nya nnm .Dmyi nsu — 
pi^ ^yii T« P« .B^DyBB ly^K iv ttfytx? 
»y^i iiTK p« p^k 1KB typjntD p» jyDy 
ya^yii ,tyBD^sn$D kh .tDJpynaya \"i vw 
-iKiye px ytDiyfiDi^yDDiK ya^yiK |yj>n 
iv nyorn tyanjna ,'nvn yro^a-m^ ytDvyo 
y'Dix^D kh fyan »t dkv, dkt tyo«mya 
»v iv nyas Dm inm .nw tie D:ay^:nya 
ya^yrs d^d bkp 8 vt tynyn w dd^is pk 
n^D ,pn T's "isa ^kt yDDya k>7. .nnW 
niK-iya nya^yv, .o^tayas ny^K tyanpnya vt 
Dyn nn .jidm: pk o«riK ix v* w?"nQ 
nya kp ^i\t tya^^iya iv n^ya tya»n in^ 
tyiiya iwjn pa b»i nnm ya^yii pa DDyiyDj 
PDJTIB 1500 isanyT T'K bu th .03'pya 

..."VBK — 

d^j tm Dy vpwi wm iDnyax ya"p— 
DBKitDya .pasna naymD - miv pn 5$$t ?jwyi 
,38^-ikb t n D tia 3$ Tt Da«r iiTK tm^ PKD 
■jjs^XTPfiw lKii tys^n D^a i$i -i,tk tajnt 
pyan* dkii tyanp iv ifcnn p« tDa^a kp tya 
iiTu tyii .iipfl nyn p« tynsto tyo^aw 
^"« tyftm # a».5iaci»B oyi t» *iya« taanya 
tynsni^a rh pa is^r^o y»WiW kp 

pn iv pn^a^K 
■paiB IV tyannyaa^ tya^ni tyanx o>»y 

.Vfi 
naymD mtv l pasis njyr^b miv — 

VDia-lV WD TD DyU DKT ,tDKD-K» » P38nB 

? nsann tw» n ?pn wp dkii -iya« .tym? 
"3 tDpsitDa^P 8 iy»:i« *i'$a db^pu' — 

I nts ts l 1 © *P>8 DPIP D»n .DV-lKDSa 8 

yvisiv^ 8n-^8 iv ,5yyi"& "in D^a pa th 



47 



.D^taysB ;'« pe eppnys ijn 



151) 



kh jyj"T dr — DimsDW vp n^nta vr rs 
.D8J«» lj/rn irb pjsna "T.jjw»'iO""wsr yvvny 
d^bs our pyiiR v'fc yi»i tpuwn pr jb> 
drh nyitfyp rtsHKSW .» dihrdrj 112 
n«J ,BP8"i»i8P njn dbrbwdmr »t tw 

.tyiRWURP RH HHJyo^aiRDnR rtaamRB 

^»y .tyayHBwytMiR jyasn yi"a ya^yii 
pn inn* pij»b vik tta^ip-iya tiRn< puun 
""iw tyanp iv ajinnya njn »*» .thuyas 
win* twnin yrtfyn ,B8i8» 8 PJ8"ia uypuj 
.D'unva d^jro jyiy> tirum ttfriRtfyJDPR 
-ynymiK timyi pie> pr bpriimrp njn T8 
,n,Dia y:"& 8 038»ya ^oy &gn ,mvnv 
wpmsvv s tDBsaya »8«r iy nya^jm irj 

.5wn 
VI ny Dsn ,DB83yiB>i8 vi br.-i n.y tjni 
ViR ,i»n«ttDyn 8 pr .b»» 8 ryay^ inynyn 
ypa^n niu n«B 8 tyjRtiwi pr Dy tya^yii 
,5jn"D jew 8 »"» *iyn "a pr ny^a nyty^ 
d\r .tyas^ i"R PR tytD^Riiyj tD«n joSam 
-ya D«n ny »Tyift»* yinyt? rifpR maw re 
-18 vi own n* Q^n 8 pr Dy r*?. ,&i"» 
re Di8 vt JH:ya"ip ,tyB8ti»H8 iy^83y: 
rh p« .t^J db8^ ny ix vi BirnrwK 
niyaiDD y:y-tf8J rh iimyi ?W"i dv^wvp 

RH PR Dy T8 DUBPI .JWmPW &$fl "iy DRTl 

iy n*n ,D"n 5jm"» nyn -up .D^pa^pvn 

VI &8n iya?yii ,naya8 Dyn BasnsnyB »sn 

.iy»8BWJu -i8a-unjRT ^18 

.(nyoii lytaDDyi p« cite) 



,*nrs yriyx'H -i.tr ryriRViya -nyo tys 
ryD8J8» y^sasnyDB' tut yjJR^ JHjyjRiB 
aftfp Rn .a»5nyott3 TfpR pa dbhb rh 
j/tfraap 8 pb a»?nyttt» rh aanpyj irt 
tyjRiDyj jJUHR^ya nyn *i8S d^rii yD^yii 
"D^rd^brp R 1 "!' Btfa inu< ts^D Dj^oyryj px 
ta^Rii 'na y^^'ivBp rh .DanB-yay^ v&^q 
&%\\ p« mpm yin^R pa nna$ osniyj I8T 
>TR ^y^a r^i typ:n^ pR \vdsi ojypyj 
d>j id^rii "iyiym tvap nyi .DDi^yj n«n 
tyDDany |«t irb nnyrs pyta^ t^BiRiyj 
lyaiRT i8J o^Rii ny .nyj:in oyn .rjuv 
tyiiya ta^Rii "lya^yii .D^yss pm ry^p^UDjy 
drti .lyjR^^D Dyn irb mino y-i83JJ8J 8 
y^^yii ,n"nnD 8t^. — yt^oya drt nyn'R dbit 
twypyj D^soy'J drh y^sRTR^a ]tv^*u kh 
8 183 DRii -irb iR j vi ts^ytw^ .lypyiojy 
rh -i8B D:yayya vi dShm oy aniT^8»^ 
rh D^y^ wBenyo i ,, ^8 vit i o^vap 
^8t Tinymsis pr tyoy ^Rt vr ir ,od^ip 
i^r ^yp tano ?"o r^a nynR ; jyrvmys oy 
mD tyomi Dyi jyjRrcnR du 

.DRBtJ' D38» 1TPH — 

DBRitsya \m typ n^na p<d ,p^ — 
■jirii nny» tw iwa Dy pr .vSTavu "wt rh 

-nya ?Rt nynyn8J8 t8 ,"iyp^ pr i^ijn 

PR PHR M$ VR DRP e»^B RH WITH 

jya^yr Dyn t^R tyvpawD'iR rmy ,\vim vd 
ninR t$*u85 PR eismyH'o itin P^aiyjnR 
vut i 1 © ^oip ny n»i r^i .ir^b 8 P18' v: 

."liVR H8H |D'D 8 ..tH8B t'8 typ:8*iy3 RH 




djh D^nyayj »8n dri\ i^yi «h "vrb 
ipd idbrd ,tyDy qiv tysy^ p^r »a ovjyj 

,tMPD P>t "51RJ tDiyD\18» R CiTR 



8 i"? -lytttH 8 -lya^R 5pv oy nyii 
pn p^r ny^? pa "wins no iyi ,iypan 

.lytDBH 8 



(152) 



■BSJIplX RH 



48 



.on nV?^j? 



(.jJi'jpnitajy pt« jjinyatptaay kh) 



1* ftjt^o ir pia> iyo Bjnjjni iri I tyty:yD 
witi'nya rir ,pt pe rtr rue oyi jyaym 
pr »8nw e^ 5r» p»p ir:i dr.i iy fya^rn 
.tyagn eiypya e>j 
rh ijniSB^tDjy tir pri iaiR rtr «wk 

.di n^^y iya>R urrawy? 
nyi dr dr.i dhid^ ftpam ,nm 5y»a»n 
y^-tfiBoiR 5y^ii I eaRiayj fyanSnyaR 
-:ir ura"o ^am jy^say; ?w«t nuaip 
-w lyiRViya tyoRjnya ?yi«! Dtfa Dyan^p 
in dr,i ryan^iiyaR iyi pr 1 I Dyi ay^ 
irj tr ,rnme rh pr d'*v-.: .,; "R ms 
ytrpT^ivv p« iJ*w$~ irb. tyeip :p,i iy 
Dy lai rtfny tyjyii ?ysy*Ria — iiruy£ 
iyi pa B^ruyomnK *n tr ,tt Wi:#.iya 
DnnjyaiRiiya w- pr d"t p^r pa fcdso 
lyttfsn i* cm softm ,«mpn »5a ^ pa 
d.tr iyaya na .D^iyDD^a pr p^»2 : ri 
n |j"3*»t ,B"t ijtur iyi pa ,tirw jyayp iv 
"»#a B'».p .ymme rtr pa ndrtiir Dfi»si 

I :m:"tny ;a^ 

••■ a^p r;y ryftm *wy5 an pa y?.v a 
.mi .nnjni frsn: b£»B j; "^l »r ,?ys >tfj ty^> 
taiR p*R ra D^ii T'.r !i?", ; .' ■* *ri&m »i 
-yj a^n iya?jm ,fta*a lya^p* .. ^r 

5y>a niR am iy irj enjyia PR uaRia 
.tyiJRD^Djy pr ,nuaip 5ipl- mir jww 
ntfj PR lynya iy:."t ijtpr rh iwa 
■R^asa rh "a tycuynya^R »■ ryasn ,5aa 
-jr nrrR ,d^j s onis tyaso iv srae r "iyj 
DRi .tyjxnanya d.tr pr d^v r ir w, 3r^ 
■jr yjyny^nya b^d tynyii ^vn^ri^'z ^syfe. 
lyjy^a ya^ytDRi ayna .oy^Roynyx ynjn- 
Tis M^nna pa jyoyiB^'R p»a nn>p tyiy 1 
fyay^a oy ya^i "a .ly^R^asa rh irad 
,»3tid .ton "lycyj n y^Rinann n ty^a^ 
lyry^ nyi fyp paiyi .yi]n:R irj pr idcr 
yvjRJ rh tr ,maD yo^na r t>r Dy tr ,tnyr 
Rni "iny» b>j t^r nma pr inn mao rr^yo 
-ymya^R ryaRn tjn^R Rn ya^yii ,m,mv5 R 




pa yvyvvi in p 
rynyr ta^n^jyo nyi 
,?y3JU"Bnyt3BR vd 
o'"a ryaRiT ya^yii 
,Vt can ,2"ruR 
ynnjm dw p^p "irj 
ma^^ dw p>p .D" 1 : 
jyn .jyay^ i'd^d d^j 
pa ,in niv in pa nya^R lyaR »n »'.^ }ye 
ntR «t iyijni ,py~:jR ai^ ounu*". ' r '.R , p*r 
,Diyi:ynya ^y>a ntR .Diycy^-.y^ pisd^ 
,iyDpRiRa iy^t tyxjsa pr ?yD"3 >n tr 
r jyjnp pr DiRa v~\yi:$ nsa R tR tyonyj 
t s r ay drii ,cri .JiiD'nya yiyijR n»i 
•V s ? i^aR dbr pr irsj^r n?R 3'mjr pa 
rh pa DaRiDy:onR. pr ey ?"ii ,iniya 
&"¥ iyi d^d Donyj f jRnya v:v pa iyiR 
-»"fiyi) jytynyDD-'D r inyo pr myn ir 
is ir Dy ttann iy» nyopsiRa dy^Raa^. 
,DyaH:nyny;jiR DRiiey d^r lyDaRiDya 
ntR Diyiv DRi ."oya^DDyj,, .Dya^TDRJJiR 
"3rj ir ,p^Ra pa mms rh p>r jypRay^^R 
py^Piy w »m i^jyoM^ Dyoa pw t>r iyi 
-'nyaiiR pr PDa^i^iR r^i typmya v>* :-..r 
-ya "i yaftm ,jjvv\yiy ya^yi r ,; -; i:ya 
PR lyi^yj t>r ,";. > ;j^DDyj„ va jyaasio 

j,;r£5.jj TiTr 
-sDw'd:v u ! : v i - -..i, -i^r 
y^R ,Qv -a yj'WiB'** v??r ,iyan^iyaR 
.1 y j r , ^ , ^ y i 
lyaniyj r iyn ,pib> DDyiDt^ iyii urfl 
ly^aiviR dir .tyiyii DvuyjD^R iyp jud 
-jyn yDDR^p yDD^D^ya r pa DDypRa rh 
!»r lyaRJi iv&iyn ya^yt rh tini pr uw 
pr injD iyi pr pen axn *pir Di?a:"R 
ytR^i^ .yasii'B' iyjyj DyDanyj lnyi irj 



T« 3Kn typ'taig oyn TB lytapNS NH (*) 
8'BpDin,, p« ^yp'tois o'nyc^ip .» pe lyoutaay 

.1901 ,'3P JIB '"?D10 



49 



•ct m^y 



(153; 



s-jj» ivotsny ay- aaypya a 1 : 1475 px fy-px 
dix ,*tj^p lya^oanp x tyay'ann pynx na* 
,nivo ?ib a^B sh iv fys^oivi* »tfa f"? 
? typxayaa^ix aax^> lynya VW px ya^yn 
lyaaya D8 D^&n p« yTsyay? xn tax 
iv pa t» »^»n xn iyn ,nnxnya ty^yaya 
o«ttDt^jfc? tx .ny^nyoaix ayn t^o ptfa ,arn 
BrpH k»t tyaxn nyrrp yan^aix yi«5p 
ya^DDnp yny^r jyay^iD iv tya^inyaax 
vt tyo oayaiaya oax px T*tfT"ooDjyn 
-^as Pi5>a bx oaxv jyo axu ,ayi o>c i^bk 

...otfa ^yD 
xh ya>yn .tyaanynay y:yny^-iys kh 
yonjrainnnx 1 xn pa *ptf px osn inww5 
: |yny^P"iy iv oa"5 px tyoiayaax 
kn tmn to tx ,Wa nyo5» t"x px ay 
px ntfyo xn tyayaiv iv tyunax ayn yao 
-w»b px .tyvnya p<5» to ya^yii .manon 
oayp^xn yt^itaxP urn ,Tyo5x-5y^o ty^yo 
ayi op^B'ya px fro^n ayn opynya tyaxn 
s tyiiya Twain Tin tix pk .oa^a ty^ia 
-am iyi ,ny .bbwt^k px oaxa nyanaytM" 
,anxa ya^pyi-' xtx iyonyaax oay^>a ,-iya 
-yn .tyarrwMPD^K tyay?s tsnayaya yxixj tx 
-5»y? !"P ?"T t^a "nyaynaaya'ayo taay^a on 
tyay'ann tyrx T^xa wr\ w«n .o^nayo 
■vy^T p»t jyp iyn oxn xo ,Tjr»'p ya^Donp 
? tyayiva^ix »t tD-»3 tx ,pynv 
.-lyoysK' nx Tyo^r5yo>o tyvaxa px 
tnrmrnnR' 1 ?yoi9 pa aaxaax px pa oyoa 
nn i^ax nnw ,uon iyn ixa ^a oxn 
otfa ya^ayo tx ,ea*tfara ?yaxn yoTny^ya 
yiyiy^nya tyaya nx,ia"i yoDya «h pk 
iyn lyn^x tyaxn dxh ,nnxn .tyB^npasTp 
»-•: x^n .tjptj'p ya^DDnp tyiy^ip uwpvs 
nx iftv*D'?"fi d^x Di^a Ty"t lya^naya iv 
,p^x jyr* nn ts ,vb» txj tyo vun dxh 
p^x Tt lyavt .taan^iB'ya Dxn jy» ya^yii 
kh vv^pyi "t ivaxn ^ ts ,ijmw nmo 
»n .lycyixa^ix »t dix f TyTa^p ya^DDnp 
xn .nxian d5>x jyxiaya w w?a iy"T dik 
pa a^tD xn iv lytj'^Dixix Bi^a dxt Tyry^i 
/n^i "iyi tx ,nD« l^ax px Dy ! nivo xh 
h pa tyaxTax^ dxi .tanynya Tya^an Tjns 
•XBM^ipa^x >n dxii Dxn .niaaip ya^p^aaix 
inytrya Bay5>a .twas^Tya »t pa jyaxn jyn 
h nynaix ,D^anyt3x» ytaoa^pyTB' h nyt::ix 
-iyax n^iy t'^a .lyaaia^a^a ytjDD^iyTi^ 



-^L";:x nyn ax px .ny:^>x2x^ x ,_ ; pa jyoia 
t»b iaiTJ nyi toay^y; oxn ?ya^y3B' nyan 
-BtPTp jyamaya ty-i^x tx ,jyan^aiyax ayn 
...i i rypyiis ytya^yr t>b Di^a aya^ 
Dxn a^nax pa tx .t 1 ? tonyD^nya cy 
ryayaya D^a ^ya^y^&B' tyan^i^aix njn jy» 
jyiy 1 jyay^a jyn>» x^. yai^nya di^ t»>p 
B^'iDi^at3xn nya^yn ,n5ia x iya^"Tp nma 
i^ax rxnsya Dy tyaxn "i .ion u^yo^ya-ixa 
-ainnnx^ ty»5 P« pa Kniaya Dioanp Txa 
ty^o^n pa v» ^xo ryD^ny dix ixni ,tnyi 
-ya is jyixiiya jyoxanya "t r cx^xya no^p 
"xn tyaxn tyoDnp kh 5>^kq5x x tya^na 
.naicx iyn pa aaiax^ax P'x wnyiy; pi 
ay- jyo axn yt:"ly^al^^nx , pa n'l^ya px 
-aiD"iya yiyiywyz tyayayaiv ^ya^y^asy 
n jyo o»n xn : Ty^^ca yayny^nya ,jya 
ya^ODnp tyay'ann ^n tx ^an^i^ya ijtpk 
Ty^t tb ;aip x ryaayia is Ditra "wi:^ 
-^oonp x oy^ipya tyaxn »n tx xn ,oow 
-ayo tya^t ^t >^h ,-ixanyi ^xaa^x na^p jya 
-ya Dxn tyo tx Tjny^ii xn nyDy"iaayc 
TTXD ,"iysnyn yiyn pa tix -\yivp tay'ann 
-ny-: tayD^nyanxa tyo ^xn B^iiyaa^x tix 
-xn jyn^x xh ya^yn o^o ,b^a«o yiy.yw 
ya^nonp tx ^yny^ii x~ ;Dax^ya ^t tya 
ova tix tyixnya oyoa«5®^a iya"T nyna^p 
naxmy^x D^^nya iyo t^xn oi^a yiy^T 
-Tya iv : 5y*BB>"3 taiv x^r. ^yta^npaxnp 
■5yii pa /'paxtitj'ya tyryrairya,, ayn tya^no 
-ya mn tyo .jyo^ya jyaxn tyn^x xn ?ya 
iviyp ya^oD'Tp tia oi^a dxt tx ,taa s i^a 
-xioDayo tb nxian yoaya^vyaanx t"x t^k 
»a tin ,nyayo "3 (ya^o&aso xn) yv 
-ya xn n^ix tyaxn .jyo^i nn^x otio jy-^x 

...ty^iayT nya 
?xo tyomy aiv tyo oxn 1475 px o^ny 
oy^ipya \ya#n »i tx ,jyvx xn ojh5ww 
oamaya tix ,txyoyD ti'o^x inx^ 3% ayi 
w: n^n^xa oxn ay ;nvo tb 01^3 p»? 
ty^xanya rx na^p Dxn 0x11 .oaxoyaanx 
tyn ,nDB axo tyc^ny ayn vim: tyixnya 
»nx~ Dxn .tynya a^tnya pw tya 11 ? mvo xn 
tx tin ,nyTy^ nya^ ,tyiyiaixn o^a t^x 
taaypya 5nas t:xaxo nyi o-jjn 1894 px 
■ya is na axo tyo3i p>x w tyiyn nnaiyo 
x tyaaxaya px aia^nn t>s lyi tx ,fJR"ii 
xh tyaxn dxii ">xa xo .rnasmya d'dxxoj^ 



(154) 



■BfiaiplX XH 



50 



px .11 .r .x tyiyn iv yanta Avrsi iv tyann 
ya^ytx tyaiaya oxn tyo .xn ,-iytny xh 
U&tv iv tyannya:x oxn dxh .njna^p ytanta 
nmix D3x*iayaj"x tasn ay px pon ayn 
■pnoon xh px .ya^yns px Diyoo^p xh 
,ovDxa »*a »sn ana-tfxa pe xtx ixni ,?yta 
-yn Dyooxa pa nyanjnfi ya^"n xh tyaxn 
nytaa^n tya^na ttfxnya bo tSvwm ya 
"an. t» ,Bj»iyu tt'a tix tyaxn "T ja^yutj' 
y-iyiax px urwapyiix ipyj oxn 5xr pon 
-&X 0*3 Tix in tyo oxn anxn .jyopHODH 
cy ,na»p x tyay'anmvpynx p»Sb typxi^ya 
-iv "lynaxa aix ,UfTH xh tyaixiiximyojix 
-.tx y5x ana ytaa^ya arn^y t'x ryaxo 
&d nx trpx xh -pa iytf8& ya^pyip yi 
.antfa xh Ta nmix rh 
-yj rh B'o Baxpya pr Dy nyii ,nyny^ 
oyn f nfian »3*5d ye'^'iox? xh pa vmy& 
"V* Tt &xn Dy ixii onxn tx ,tynyotnys 
.Taa m^a nyix taaxo ,n5ya tyayu taftmxn 
o^-ytwaax on tt ni»^: yvnxw h tyaxn 
-sjryj «t "3 taxn axil .tyayianya p»p nxa 
-nyajtf tytaxiaax ins ty;y^ipD^ix bjapb 
px ? nwaa y&5"Tx naymta yanoy &«mya 
xh. &>; Tin iwn ? avn ny to rynyr dsii 
nyocra ya*tao"a pa ya-x.mx xh am^a 
tvo^xn iv nmia y^x tx wi "t tynayn ? o^a 
-ajtfanya w DiTR ,tyan^nyax px p^xa Dxn 
«i iwn ? Ran D^iy tx ta^o tw'ik xh jyi 
xh ,5xd>bxp pa amn^o ya^tatfa xh ta>a 
•V s ? "WW 1 ? ,x^ ...? ry»x&Djn- xh pa n^inn 
»jm ynaxa yannD^a yn tax tot 5a ,nyt 
nnyr px ,yox» nyi *nx Di5as"R p'x iyaxn 
h pa nimn xh px oan rwana w "unw 

.nyp^yc 
.?xo»*>x PXT^X 



yanpy-ic xh ix .rycnyji ay oxn 
nnxn ,ryny: mio phx ^in jy:"t nyayiaiya 
Dixtopxa "lis ? yppiya yiyoya ^xj \vo 
tyan^iyax nvi dix tapn^iyj xi jyaxn 

.ryt3?xniYD"»vx 
nyD^x-^yD^D pr jyjy^a ,Dixpya wii 
D:ytDD^n ,"uni*P vw~\$ tie fyp^iB yvjxa 
tia jytjana yanvyty^ix pa px o^Din* pa 
brims' pa tya'noDnx in ,n>n^ y^^^iDsp 
lyjy^a «t ixn ,*nxi div niys tia .drb^ iv 
.tojypy; Dxn ?yo axu ,tyr.yaxn tix jy^Dya 
^axi tyjy^a y^a rx ,t» wwamiffi ay 
.rynyii Dy'i-in'iyn nynx iy;Jin pa tyoipDix 
-iayi oxn ?y» tya^yii px ,*«wyii yx:«i xh 
lynyii mrfpyz D^y^a f *u»p tytn^D xtx m 
iv panjn in dix .wsmwemfyi yo^na o>o 
■na rytau nxa x tyiiayj tyo »xn .jy^naya 
ivp tyo"!nt3 nyi ty^ny: Djy^a jyo : ^>yo 
px RDDyn:i [y^n^x px lyaixinyoiix ay 
pw "in^x oyii Dvy^ .txn^x xh j'-iod nynaxj 
tyaxn fjn^x tx ,boip Dy xm ,iynyD^iya 
lyi^p yaHDDHp ^y>a ^nx ny^x^yiD'e) px 

...Dy'nn'njn 
pn x ?ynyj px -ixcpxa i^o^iw nn 
-yj xh tia tyo dxh ?a dt.p : ixfoay^ya 
tyDTiD ayn tynsya taxn tyo ixn ,jr.}"n 
■ya tyaxn >n dxii ,oy^x iaTVD^a:xP ,n^p 
nyono xtx iHjnyiiyj oxn nycii .oxn 
-jixii naxmy^x typm iv tyannyjax m>p 
t^x "wttfx-frD'n px tyan^nyax nyn nyn 
o^j pr Dy tx a^YnawD ^tx ,n^n mtx tywa 
-uya:x B'a taxn tyo dxh ,ptjix xtx tjnw 
tw dhxt »xn tyo .ixt yanoya x nxa tyo 
fytt^HBtjnya tyaj^a a^n^a tix wtfaw 
ypaxnp yixa^>naix tx .tyoa^ya ya^mx 
-ym tyaxn .ynana ,tyixv,ya unya iw«t 



51 



r\yD*2 y«: 



(155) 



.nyira y*i 



-<ib tyayu t* nyov w »^ ^^ "ww f y:i 
-j"dw pnrPBiWB pb mno3yj"K-BKii 
flB 0"11 TWT T'K D^n .miWD ya»5oBK»> 
.lyaainy-iop yt^BD^ioBP w»n 
D'omp^n yDijjyj tb ,-pd lypJyT dvuo 
p'j -i^tjn b b*8N did^b^bd no yoa^ya 
PK b5«n *w liw ,ntanyv» "W* pK pnB^iya 
jib Dyia"oy3 «n o«t b !8 jyTij^ya jyvaBa 
-K3Tyi3»T yrtfytB yny-iaB pb Diyp»B> kh 
lyo^Bii tyttJKDpyD ytn iyu .iy&3BDpyD yn 
h>ik di$b3"k tyoDywo cyn BKnya yt?08n 
-ya ^83 V* o5$n I*" 1 'B'W y^oriK « ,_I 
■ya onip^n yD83ya .»» iya8»"iyi « ww 
id»p ytywfcru 1« 'C 24 ^"0 l"* K ^p-iyo 
k o^Btpya n$j tyasn {yna^oya yt^BD'a 
-*d mn pb yoa>pya nyi p« y*8"» yo"iw 
,iypam to "iya8 ;"«wyviya wod^b^ 
PK triywya o^a y^i p*P "^a »ya8n "t tK 
-*n yDBaya o^n Dteaayny .aaiamya w 
-«t y^n ytn dbu P« »3"W"8 o^a oni? 
.jyaKOB'yn ,33i3"o p»t ^83 ,pk v~m 
*ya yB»taD>3io8P bh w 0J3B5ya38 dbu 
183 tyns^ya oyianaya jya»t ya^yii 4jna"o 
pa jyaanny^panB pb tyBBntnsa bh 
-aypayo jnyoina ^«a pM Dnypayn ycna 
ejn tyas-io ya^yii .PTim W* p« i^ne 
|yo o»n »t ,"ty^B8oiB„ jyosa oya^oya^K 
pa yoa^ya b P« "J &'» rya^taaypya w T* 
«t 5y*B KMi ,ara mtb n«a didt^b^bd 
,jyp38nya bh B"irpByaD>iB tpVpii lyasn 
oijnny* jny"t pb jypyu* yoia pb nyay^B 
«t e«N wu Dnjna«tyi p« mynna p« 
-a^K i« tya«n oaypya nyn» osnya lyntjn 
"^k»s8d pa MwnBBnyB nyn ^w di^b 
"3»a«ii nyn8 ty°8o nh p« typa«nya y^oa 
•ya ya^ytK an« .Tomyo^ nyn p« Dayoo 
taxnya o>a DtiBa"« p'p 18^ iya8n lyn^^o 
p« "t jyo typ l«i ,ttfyn ya^oinK kh tik 
;iy>B80^K KH tyayn .B"t « 18 tyt*^ ly^^Ka 
-n8 P8 yDMia ya^ytK pb tyiny^ rh tyayv, 
,|y^8 -y , "i' lQ 't«o*D"iyD k^i Diypayn y^vv* 
lyo *\ikt .11 -t •« aa^o"ii D^yn^ii ,y38"5 
,diop5k^bd pb yoa^ya « p« ^id k |in"i 
-a^K tponna nnyr k OKnya jyn8n »t *"ii 



History of Socialism in the United 
States. 
By Morris Hilquit. 
}D lyoaKDyiytaa^K p» tya»^»a inyr n 
,jynyn^yaa8 omp^n on*i8o yD*^ya v$n 
lyayii jyDMi Dysy ^n D8ii w^k ~\w pk 
"»d nyi pa aai^pmoay p« aainyDtroay kh 
»iikt ,«pnyoK p« aaiayiiyn ny^DD^K^v 

.jyTy^> DiTK 
pK .|y*»no "iiv ps onyotj'ya "iin njn 
■nB'ya jysnip p« |ya^t ?«no tyocny nyi 
y^taD^aiD8P"ty^^y"i yayiy^nya nn tya 
yD^yii .jyia^oya y^oo'3io8P"B M B8oiK p« 
ywa^'KnyB kh pk n8ii>3 oynanaya tya^r 
-avnnii* tyovy? pb *ptf"iya p« lyoKxta^ 
-ya 8H onyn^K' ?"no nyo^iiv njn -tany-r 
PK aaiayiiya iy^DD^K^8D nyn pa yea's? 

.KpnyoK 
nyta^iiv nyn 183 oaymya T^taaya^B 
-t^k'vbd jib ytaa^ya,, ty»B3 ayt 5»»no 
-nya jyia^oya yB»BD^iD8P'Tywftn ."dio 
■D>^ya k p« r8^a 8 D^a osnmya^K ty^yn 
-aiaay"nat!>3K yoniya o^o .diot^kvbd pb yta 
yoa^ya 8 p« iy^ai»^a^n8 »>i iyo typ iya 
iy^a ya8a 8 t^k didt^b^bd .didt^idbp pa 
,D'a myo |yD»na p»p lyaBr* td a»w .onBii 
oyi ps jyiBiiyJ oamaya OB'iyiv iy pb 
"iy>a bh pb vw'? ny*B lya^n^ ty^nnvaB-13 
?yo .onynaimnK^ jyiavy^ pa unntp nya^s 
aanytaaB^sayDBnv b tyi"OD^K fynyr siikt 
*^b nyn o»o dudt^k^vbd 0"i8ii Dy"3 avi pa 
?yo ^"ibi DnyuBtyn .didp31»bp oibh ?yo 
"8P PB jmnytf'P yviip b i^bb [yn"ODnK 
•tiv y^a |ik yta^B p« tyia"»ya ya^DD^ais 
•"*w ^ii tyo tyn -ytya>^y-i ^83 tsiBa ,fyo 
"b^vbd |'n»B pa yoa^ya ya^oan b jya 

.D10P? 

dik> p»p Bfe'vnya'M Bipi iB^^yi 

BH pB pK -DIDT^B^BO 0*0 0^3 niD"^ 

i^bbpb fyta^oya yB>»»D^3io8P yry^^yi 
njn^atD^o bh .yaKrjyaya b Dinr^aiDBP lyi 
-ya T^anyiiya fya»n |yr3"oya ya^yTB ps 
T131TB8 'lyay^ayoBTiv ny«t iin jyaaiBiiv 

-yii ryaiBT PB o^yn nyiyo^iK iyi pa aan 



£56) 



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52 



to .lyixMya D^natnya px lyty^ya ~\nw 
WW nyn "a ixno is dni a.Tx tynoxn 
ysnip x px Dyn Ta nyn yapyyi ,yaxfcnx 
.oy jy&s'ani px lyasn to k*n -lyaxn D"v 
Diynaxtya px ?«no lyo^iiv ayi px 
Tyjposy* "iyn pa aaxaax nyi BaxDynyDa^x 
Bnip^n yD^jyj .aauyiiya W'bd^x^xd 
■myo^ yvjsj xh lyry^ya Bxn iy tx ,ba»¥ 
-iyax .oDa^yr aauynya "iy?H jyayii to 
-ya xh tysNia^ya jpjmivw iy bxh nyi"5 
-ya px aauynya-fS'av-THB *iyi pa yoa^ 
n px Tosnyo^ nyaxpnyox xh D-iynax: 
B"ii xni ,tyaaiayuya nyaxpHyox yiy^axa 
*xd xh pa pxiiya DDtfaa^xya jypn *n 
"T di5&i«k in nxa bxn thx jyBD^x'v 
xh tin jyaxn oaypya tjis oxnya ryaxn 
bw .jyaaiBan px lyaaiia yt^BD^x^xo 
ny Bpnyoya ieo yo^n nyn tin Afwn 
-axna^oy yt^H yaaya^yBa^x yBBny h tx 
lya^snya lynnx 1 nya^nya xh px jyaxn iyo 
(nax^ y>na) ^nd na„ nyaxpnyox xh 
bxn ,o>a ixa ony^piy ny "iyax ;"«B*ixa 
k>t anxii ,|y^ya px dnt "D"ixa n nxa 
n aaipTii n ixa dxn pn oynanaya T* bxh 
iyn» dp'b^xb nyaxpnyox pn oxnya oxn 

•fyay5 
-p^x^nd nyn in ,Bia paxa lyo^n to 
}>k |y«5>o"n pa fyixttya onynya px dio 
-«n a^ap^nxa ^nj onh ny tn pn xpnyox 
,T^yoaiN px Dy nynx ;D3x-)aya yoana a*a 
■^xa ONnya o^a aaipTVi p>p nxa bxd ny tn 
jyornya n tin 0"s b'm'5b"n a^yrtfni px 
Bxn pn nyaxpnyox yoyi^aya pa 5"?ib 
-nyoN nyn pn oxnya o^a aax^pax p*p nxa 
Tt onyn aaN^pax nyrn .-i^BNiyo^ tund 
•TD D'o^ip^n .aya j>n fyo^yr 
"«d ijn pa inN 1 io yovy^ nh fyayii 
"D^n inyr ny oa^t^ aaiayiiya ny^oD^N'X 

nyax ,TTy2 nr«ji5p "inyr n o^a pn T^iTa 
nyi pa -iyry^ nh oaNpya aiaya pn dnt 
tiint Tt n^o ty^y^i diint p,N "Baaipiv,, 

•ty^yotraN o^j 
"ntiv onip^n yDN^ya bsh p^oya^N px 
-pNa ^d n ryayayaiya^N oia pn tya^pyaayo 
"•od^n^nd nyn pa yoTtrya nyn d»w jyo 
tn yoa^ya p>r .NpnyoN j^n aaiaynya ~\W 

.Ta _ DayiyQyn "iyoayD"xyaD>iN ?n dvuh 

.n .p 



opynn jyasn p« o^y^ lyvaNa *iyn pn Dtfa 
■t^n^nd pa aaiB^nfiB'nya nyn ix on.Taya 
■ya |yj«r ya^yn ,iyianoya x^ ny^^ ;D13 
■aynax pn ny^p yny^r pa iyn»^ya oyna>na 
ya^oy o>o nxa ly-innyopNiNa jyo ayo iyz 
"iyn pa yoa>{fya n oa^n^ jyo jyn nyoiyn 
•aaiayiiya nyt^oD^N^ND nya^Ban 
jya»M jyna^oya ya^yiN pa y^N oyoa 
yoa>j"Nnya nh pn jyns^ya oyianaya 
nx ay ?"ii ,ayn ay^iv sy^ysD lytoNNO'^ 
oyna>naya pn n:^ jyanp iv \v)w -,yoa"> 
»t .jyoaNTPoy y^^oDNmnoay pa DayoDa^o 
-nymo *inyr n o>o oanayya Tt y^N |ya«n 
t\N Baynya n»a bsh ay dnii ^xaann jya 
iv:m y^N axo lya^Ba^n T>a t^j oayn ay 
tyayp jy^ayo m ,\yi»)t xa diot^k^sd pa 
.^NyTN ty^oD^N^vxD an "ixa jyay^ B'a 
■«p - ^a8B»i« xh fyaxn aain>vya t/th px 
ayn lynxB' oaxnnya *ix^ Dy>a»?sp y^^a^io 
nyi'iK' o>a nxa t>x Dy ^nxiias ; diop^vxd 
o*a a^xany ]"P lyasn »» anxn .jya^v iv 
■xn oaypya o^: a^xa^y p»p tin pn ONnya 
n a^BDn raNa oiy^pny Bnip^n yD$m -iya 
di^ ayn px jy^xaann ytn pa fyaxnw 
.(145—138 b^t nyr) ^«no lyB^ny ayn pa 
jyonyaiya iv onxa^nya o^nii iy iyas 
pa aan"-itj>ya x b»d T-a p^r pa oa^yn x 
-ax px tyoiaya b^sii ny lyii ^yna^oya nh 
nyi px p^x oa"^ ny dxii -dnt BaxiBya 
xh tx„ ,T^oya -^mb tyB^iiv aiv nonpn 
yB^BD^aioxP nh px jynsyno y^^BD^axoix 
Di5aa"x oya"$p x Bxnya pnxn Dy^x^x? 
•x'vnd lyaiyiNo *iy pa aamo-ixa xh t\n 
yoa^^Niya xh px aaiayuya nytj^BD^ 
ixa nx T.a pn pa .(149 yo"T) "jyoxxBt?' 
x t^ex v^nvi jyaxn n? anx ,jynyr iv B^a 
•D^aa^x aya^^p raxa 
nya iv Bxnya B»n iy pyiix x ixa dsn 
"lis pa aan^H^ya x T^a p*x ?>x pnan 
p^x B»a iy n>ti ,jya"t yrfy)) ^yaaiay-nya 
nya Yxu„ ,tix Dy jypay- to k»h px iv 
yB'n) "aansBTK px TBxa iypt t'x ?yny»^ 
tx <jyay3y-i to Ta ;o>a i^o rya"vi ,(149 
DayoDa^a^ni ^iNHBya nya^^a ^a o^xii tj 
■xib y^'BD^x^ND pa tyayiyDj^x xh j>x 
5«nB iyD"ii¥ ayn b^i ny tyii -xiaxaxa 
b?ni^ T-a ">jn .nynairya y:^ fyrx^yaD^nx 
T^a^a b$»ii jix iya>$H 5y»a BD^pya jxt 




No- 4 (28) 



APRIL J 904, 



Volume 3 



"DBJipis "Hrr r»D -iyp v tfKB» , B px lyTj^ ynanjm n is 



-JSP iooo epd »pmjfj pw "vyou myo pit? 
■m njny^i bs^k to tyanKi ,nnyo oy^a 
tk tyasn to pk nnyo iooo ^xa t^a [yip 
-lst^o T'k tyaxn to ty^jni dkiko liny 
Dism dkii pk ,nryiB?a ya.H'HB ,you fy^no 
DyapiD jyD^n: njn oaxnayj t^W"R oy 
nyai is to ryasn ryoyii ?oaa.ipis sh tb 
to tyw dip ?cyapiD tyry- tb typj»n 
WP ,dohd yj«p ,ty;xnya y^D»t yj"p 
■«k xnyuiK t,snyn:Kt ,typJ8Yiya is dphd 
-upskpwik jtk»tk yiyDHiSWonKS y:yj 
tyj^py^ &$n dbjipis kh ya^yn nn ,jy: 
ny^TK p'P dkm ,i»pvKftpT¥ yomj ktk 
■»n iv jyiiyj nan tw ^ki ay oxn 5Bri«?i 

.jya 
_, k nymx d^k to ?ypm dtud PK 
,o5yn ysaKJ kh tb Tfoayay pjk*i jyaHiyj 
ty^WT^nns yivoyusna ysj»TK y5x is 
-anK p« Dstf tyD'HBtnya is rya^yn ya^yn 
kh Tin yo»o nyt^TK run. iytj»iis aanyjp 

.dbupis 
-jyna nh is. pjxt nyniK doip tnsn-v is 
lyiVDyusna tya^a-iyoc^ix ayi ps DWts 
-as Tt ursu^en yty.H ,"j:h ny^an*?,, isms 
-ya f.yauy::K ;yaxn pk ytxny kh mmtsji 
:kp jyonyj 5x? emana jnjp Dm :yo^'B> 
pa ?ns$s bsrr wi bxjso ryiy 1 dbjipis ay^a 
"5yt nyn aaip ayn **kj .nyny^jo , 'D yny^T 
yjpMy&aipiK yn.'Djniwnfi kh is pjs'i nya 
iya$n dkii njia pai Dy&ppj&na pk ry^xnya 
.ya^y? Din who px tyas^ya 
-Hsnyn px ty^aynya lyaayT cyi a;o 



c^r,yj ayu IiTk iynrna pk lyDsayj 
?nayn d^po nam nwn mwj no lyjyna 
-h urw.HM tnyrOiK oysy dkt pk dsii d^c 
rh nyi o«t imp ''niar ynxa pa inm' nyr 
tjti *ifwp »iw yansa fBHKnnjf t'K isaaiws 
tyo^yr Daaipw kh pa lyayaams kh jya 
tyTH nyas ins 1 tyryn .msnyj mik iv isnn 
?DKn Dya'Hya ds-iI ,dx:ko ryiy mik is »t 
.n .n "lrn Dnay„ Tfany; f.K nm ixn 
tyiiyj to tyj"! nns 1 "lis yansa 5«"Ti 
^xa nyn o»a D^ansya jyasn -,^ .tyr^^p^* 
nana to>D ph ,^{?:any fK dbjipis kh "pa 
•y^ lynyj t»o jyrn ,jynyryj d^j T'o ;yaxn 
,?yt5»n pa lyjKou'ya ry^n y^x ^y.^^-j-.y-! 
-'H&tnya is r,ya?sny^ d»j tjik oisn ny>^P 
kh„ pa iK^SK^pn^ kh fycnanya pk iy*o 
d>j noio ph to ryaxn nnxn ",na:npis 
jyay^a n^a jyii pk fyTH is vx is b«nyj 

PHK TJ1K t'K t "!|»K IS tyTH £$0 v y pv^* 

lya^n to 5»n ,nKT kh rDHTiya^K [yiiyj 
"iy-i is asv, p-io DKnya o^ Sko ph n^K 
.noio lyayj is phk T'k dsvi to^o ^yna 
tn .tyJK^pya is tOKnyj TJ to rya^n tjo^k 
k pniyj hko pk ay pk dij l^: ony; Dy 
nnK 1 jy^o^H -uynnyii .nos "lyriy^HD 
■y t^k lya^n to tt ,noio n^o jya^n 
yan?Ha s d^o ;yayH.iya is okjko \v~ 
\ViV o^o Da"B» ix^sk^ipts s^-; m ,"v:'z 
isk:ko fyiy 1 o-yv, oa:ipis kh t.x ,ok:ko 
-y k 1- : pa ^yDJKDyiyoJ^K p« nyjHiyayS 
nyo ,~iKHaya ,-vkuk 1 ?yo{s*;xo 3 yoty 
tyaxn ina J'nKiiau ryaxp an« :rx D^nya 



158 



BSJIp IX KH 



-yao s i«T tainii tta:ipix iy»u v r» (2 
tr twa f iny» Djnm^a 16 t^» ijynij Sin? 
r>i p& o?5p»trw jnynu^ya P** yDJsDyiyD 
,»&ri"k pr Rpnyns p« lya^i^ xtopjna 
ly^yxyao s i«t tw twi WU W»H PR 

pB Ml5p*tltMJf PR yDa^yi R^1„ f 5tfpU51K 

".j:n lya^aiR bid 
s rya^B^yayiyai ^11 bbwix rh (3 
-R*XRP3RnR yivDynjRia itfR pa lyiJJtfiRP 
yDyns rh pr wb^b »? iyyi P'R irii- ryj 
-••n jnyoynpyo y^x .yiyayipyD yiy^r pa 
-jh« rh ryp^wj'nx wwim i^ayi ]Vi 
26 bbjipyx wn pa d^br p« tyjR^XplIBB 

.BHBD 5*U Np 

paaipte rh tb B3y3» iruypn lyi (4 
■dkt is fyiriRBjHBmR iyiy>u pr irbd .:y; 
.:yj rh ,bw lyanpiya pxiya^ipDaiD iu£ 
is PR tya^yn ix tyDyay: jyrn teiya^K pb 
.jrbb jy: BjyjR lyiaypn iyt3ix jyx^Bt? 
rh b^ ttfsrny d^ii iya"ipD3io 8 (5 
d*©r pr ryp^ix 5rt ,p"x iyi p>r bb3.ipix 
pr ,tr^jjy pr tyayn^yi hrp 5yBD.RB 8 
bdrb ^xiywn p* phr Dy dp^b> d^br iyi 
.?y3inyt3:i8 ix d^r 
nnyu b^bbwid^r %t BiyiiR ^ro (6 
J. Netter njn» Zn'cunft ,y nS 3 Din ^ nu 

.fyaunfi ^a tyi"Biya ix dir 
PB ty-may; p»& pr bu cayo rh (7 

D*BR PR jyDlpyB IX PW PR 1903 pR 1902 

dru "un ,i3Ra *iya $1,50 phb bbjipix pb 
p^hrx ix *n*o Dy^asp yB^R yi"i B33"ia 

J3HTX 8 P'R Dy ,1383 s TB B3yo 50 11} 

.Mil p« 
Ipa^ipoaiD yiytjiK tjtfyu tyxiip p» (8 
lyuyn y® ym DDvnyia yiy>n lyt^&my 
T31R iy^r ^t lya^ipoaiD yiBiyn yiymx 
oiyoy^ pr burp ^bdrb tw» lyjrn o»i 
ny dj"t tsjni isny 1 f D»rojna r*t ryjyn 

p& Diyi.^1 iy^ pm Diy2»y»' y?R (9 
-yj i^ayn tyj'n iy^"iyiyB D;jna bbjipix 
p» tyoyns jrahM typ^ ix pn* ryt^ya 

.ISP ,»n»D 5«JRP 26 OB^plX W1 PB D^B^ 

f Diii lyB^irna »^tD 



pa lynw rh i^o tya^^jyayiya pjrh tya 
dj^bsp tyranyj ya^yii lyjs^xst^sais *^ 
.ixny^JD^o yny^n pa ^n^v Dyi ^rj 
:jn lyts^aiR 
*8>lM3na ,pir^3 2 BtMjna .pn^ii 1 ^tsiyia 
.iii 7 ,B>t33ina- ,t^Piia 6 jwauna ,p^pna 3 
11 ^tojym .yiRD^^Ra 9 iMMjna .typRa-Rim 
13 ^Djyin r R">a'5jn8^a 12 .^^jyia ,p;pna 
,j»n .3 tD^DRD 16 wsijnsi ,.vrt j ^RDiyoya 

TVPKT'D 19 ^DjyiB Avwri Vi 17 itJ'DjyiB 

n^avj 21 ^Djyia .pir^i 20 iwjjna ,.■• .J 
24 (^Djyia ,.;rp tyona V2 22 ^^jyin ,.•• j 
27 t^^jyin r maiyi3Rii 26 ^tsjyia ,pisnj 
^tojyna ,pisnj 28 t^jyia ,.1 .3 nyDDy^^si 
D^yis^ 31 vq}v~\2 ,&h .: iRDnyoya 30 
■jriaD 34 trtDJina ^jrp^iB' 32 jptMjna .,dso 
.pnufw 38 tyo:jna ,pir>i: 37 ^D^yia ,i.^a 
,y3RD3R 41 t^DjyiB ,pnsnj 40 jptwjna 
»pjsna .P^iR^i 44 swo^nai ,p*ir ,, i3 43 ^ojjna 
,jbti .3 $yaRP>y 47 itrnjy-ia ,.odro ti^ 46 
.pir^j 55 ^Djyia ,pir^j 52 tpeana 
n -a .1 a 
-ya iaia f yiR» s D^8a uia ,pisi3 uia 

?1R D^KII r P1R>t3 tyDJJPPI'Ryi .3Ria ,tRDiyo 

p^Riya .ojir .np ,ai« .Drx r pi.R^i3 Hjt3»»5 
■R18B8 ,pn«^3 3R^p .pny D:y» a:r ,pir^j 

.PIRiW JR1B Un^^p^'ll ,p1Rn3 3R?P TVtS 

as^p iitj'D^p tfm ,PiR v u .ii3n i3ni!RDmR3 
,j.Ria iyvpR ,pir ,,, i3 .iiyn lypona .piR^a 
lypx^o ,ama ,pivu .iyn lyjiiRp ,pnru 
,pm^i3 .d - 1 jRia lyiitju^n^Ki ^ir^ij .d ^ 
,pi,rmj .iijn nypDJ^n ,pism .iiin nypora 
tR^v Diypya ,jr»j»»ta5»a a^p .a«na .xrd 
■ij nyo^:r ,p^pna nyna:^ jRia f piRi3 

.p^pna Diyoo 
-ayj oyi «a tyniRii.13; pr tyaRi td 
inyo ^y^a jya^Diyayiya ix lyou ty^D 
■iR ty^yii drii .tyjR^RT^wiR jnvojnsmfi 
isa pr pj'Ri, 8 t^» .yDy^^ya wi lyonw 
,l^irnai i"R td tyDnaya dmr 
.tytjmunpD D-yis dbiipix rh 



dv*t ps :3i3«Di23«p:ya v^T^tsnys 
Da.iDy: drh bbjipix *n p& d^br rh (1 

.ISP .DD ?R38P 26 PR ,.DD P^RBBRD 50 pa 




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160 



taS^p'.X N"H 



■flDTlK^KD ■» -D .3 



.t&ntrnso&P wp^xb nyDDpnxta^ in 
Km tyaxn 13*5 tySpupsnpiBW&p x pxi 
*"*a px ly^sanwt .imjwv lyo^ix f iyaTa 
.lya^vxiPDa-sDyi .jyaaifoxnya tin pyn 
jyppi »t ;tyai£p px iy3."*nya y^ta^xs 
•lyn fyirpEi "t ,v$r&ti jy.aai3"Dyiy"T onx 
ikj urn ,twim pW« tix nioxp ry^ta^XB 
tyrs^ iv nyaaymxi rya^aya iv T^ayo px oy 
fySrra iv ty^yj iv px ryo^s? y^y"? ww 

DK1 PX "11'2K 1I8?D11 p'N .D1^>B3"X TJT"T 

nytDDjn^D iyn ,tyD$nys aaynw Dy^>x 
-*vu &njm aaifoxpyB y^p^sB x pb jya^v 

ttlWTJl' yayayiW BX1 PX .B^TTlPDJIK EST 

ij»5»&^$3 Din tyonyjiya iv tanxi pan 

D«n P"11 Nni ,TT t3TS5 D^T B"11 K^l ,1^2 

nyi pa ypiap *iyi nypaix i^jyo ixa pn 
5sjtb>t nypoaiy lyis/' .aany^ayrrynxv 
-•> p O x s s yPni iyty>i tix piyn 
y^x. nxa ppjia-^xipayv in ,2 i 5 p iji e> 
-USD "lyiayrpcDpy nyi ta.ro yaynynaivaix 
-jni mya^ii? nh .aaiamx nyt^p^xa-^v 
.onynya yiyt p^p Diyaapyp y^p^xa fjn 
tv ,tiw iik Pia tya^nty iv nxa wj jyan »t 
,piyirpD3ip ryaya iv ,:yrj^~iyD^ ya^iny pn 
Daypo^p ,?y5rpa tsnitf iv tin nyiast 
Ttt»« iy»T f n vi. ve> k' ; vi I y «*• v i-vv 
-yi lyBpaxTP nyi p>o Bph3yiy\iB'iviiN ya 
-anynewiK ntn ryBnivomx px jjny 1 :! 
x "? px typyvny iv pyry5 y%«t »s P".n 
-y^v~\ yiaynyp^ya sn tyiynay iv jmairw 
.pasti^ytya-' kh lyToixayi iv .nnxa-QaaFi 
py?y^> nh .p^d pa yx& kh fynyDyaiya vv 
p^a utfsrwr nh pn tyan ,p"t iy"T pa 
poaiP /ny^nc-p 11 * ^vPNiyo^ ypia ptfaf' 
iv k^i ,tyMit"ii3« i^k pyiJ^r ,j:nny^ya 
■^'BjyjJB nyi tyaaaypya iv «»ii ,^n fjnn^a 
pa taa»D »h ryasiTiB'Tvas s^n ,soi,s? nyj 
iy?i3s«n iv n^ti ^jny^yn ly^^si^D 'nyi 
Vis 1 ? .»H nnyoymya iv rix bbjipiv nyi p* 
ya^iiy ps ypw kh ,t-\m> .p^a jye^Dn pa 
ya^BD^a xh n:s5>Dn p« tyiyii tyosnyo^ 
■y? x^i pk ,"»i»a y^^D^^a x pa lynn^ei 




ijn pa DD^nya nyi vm d^i t j(J^^ 

TX PX lIDXiyO^ TiW^O-11 3^i(fe 

pa dtid nyi imi nya^yD 
B^visrtMBBWtfp 's^jip'a 
\w ra^i^xa /pcnx^xa^ 
5xt dxu "lya^yrs afDU ixa 
-J808P pn tynnynya tyiyp 
ixa IP's px r^a !yi:yiH 
-anx nxa onyBBoyp xh pb tyn^n yt3Dnyn 
nxj t3»3 tyiw px ny .iq«^Dn px jjny^p 
■np nya^nt3D^3 x ,t3D^v^aia nyijyxjy^j x 
x Tix vntam ."lypayn ytswb px lyp^tD 
■i» iytj|yi?»5B« iyi pa ivim 1 ? nytannynya 
jy^taD^a ajn. pb nytsayv x ,n3x^Dn t^x 1330 
xh ryaya ,t3ax^"nyn-tyixv xh wwi Pianxp 
b*ijni dxit PiBDXp x pa jany^BTi y^jsi^ 
px ytsaynp yvoyz xh pa tsnn^ay: a^yta^ 
-Dyia ya^r dxii px i^xnyta.^ nyt^an ~iyi 
\vny: jy.^n nyirpaax ytaDa^Da^i px yo 
xni nyayD yi^«n px jyryn ya^taD^a ya^yrx 

.■"pD^y^JiyB'Lj tix nxBi^xiBsi 
iyp ,taxn nnx^ po^m ytavy^ x^i px 
w: i^bx > iya»*iB' nyt^'Dn prp ,ryaxt jyo 
■"lya px tyay^D xtx taxnya ^xtac^xta i\y5 
■Dii px in ryaar nyi *pix di^bj^x tyiayta 
i:viv jus^on xn /pdiix^x^^ xm ,nax^ 
px y^as^v^D yj«T n^x tyanvny t» taxn 
-axrya oxn iy ya.^1 px ,|ytaan^ y^tanp 
jxphb nyi 1X3 ta.'3 lypyiny iv ta^irya Diyn 
"3oyp iv nitaio Dyi tix pinasr .pD^a 
-ya ,D>.nypD3^a jyaya ,payiaix tyaya r y 3 
px oy lyn^yii px ^xan^T nyny 1 ."j-sn^fi ?ya 
pn tyiiya t^x ,\m"-\\w\ iv jyoipyaD^x arrx 
x^i — now jyi^n ayn tyaya i5yB03».5«' 
D-iyia^rya ,nyry5 y:"i px .aany^yn y^^Din 
px Ky£w yj"t tyiiya jya^r ,in lyaav nyn 

,ejBD»P tyryn r n x lypxi^D tin 
-lax^an p« t^x -ntaxnyta^ 1 pa y*?$~-\ xh 
-tx px xm jnwpa^i pxyiyoyna ^y^a in 
nitaxnyta^ xh ,iax^ unjnJis ryrtfim naya 
rxanx lyasyaup'viwj nyn Pi^a P n a Pi^i t^x 
Tix pyiaxr .aai^p^iipay nya^c^a lyraix pa 



\idpn7\n2'c .p .: 



161 



dpik osyip tyo iyi"R anyp y:n; O'o |r 
D':ap5iy IR jjviyayi lycon iyi "2 
jyo .ds'tj>-d"v pftm uyn'R tyayjivopiR 
pypv lyroan ayn BJto?»r»ya jypo bt^b oyp 
-jiK-nsJ y:"oy;£s tR p'# div ryaym pr 
jyoipya ty^yp td tjm .drij>ri3 ypi^c 
to ty^yn- .Miiyayi-iyi no D'ja'tfiy bh 
nyi 1KB tywa* opynn fyjyp D': tir 
rft bh fosiias .didt'^r'sbd tyta&wwQ 
?ya oy dtvopris ooa^yt :mnyjyi ytj»c 
*pp) jjnyjyi lyjRp'iiyoR kh rpi inyo 
"rbrjrd aaiiyayi yp'Dvi R'iBRn .ooiRpya 
R.H ,ryro y5ya ,ryj<183jyT"R R'i BIT?" 
forwt iy?:iR (.11 .t .r p»iBDn»»irDWJ» 
pr iyciBiyo'5 woy^R ik p'T f«i oyp 
-m lyoiRi ;y^yp to .tsaro lyuyiy^papB 
lyayj tjftm I'D ,ry?>'tr)8 yjyiytnya ryp 
■ya ,ya$T«£'B ,p'onp f yTyss ,ty«i^nyxiy 
-a'P y^s lya'K tyoaniyn'B ,Dyuyiny>" 
-iya is dib .ttfam iyi p« lamwtfny yro 
I'D Ntfyu ,pyps jy^ysyaD iyrpB jyitfsa 
jyft>'oi8 ycoynRyno. tyT'ic is fyajsajR 
-p^r'Ssd iy?.83'S'jiD pb Bosnia iyi iya'K 
-yiD'iR ptc pr Dy dbp ,ayi iya'R pb did 

TRiIOBPR *BJ WP im DBP PB jyiRPyj fRilB 

pb jw^wa«n"K p« Jmn'sya iyryn vx 
D'i i^bb lyfrm to .oiyoc lyjBpnyoK 

lyo P1181 PTB PB PTB TB ,WW Was \VWP 
ps dri tb ,onyoc y-B"Dii PR-iyiiTB Tt 
n« yiyniR iyaR ;tyin.'aain tyo stiri dbi 
iyTy^> rh tb ,iya"iB> ptb to jy^yp ptfp'o 
ty^pi I'd dbp lyapo^jR p'^R tt jy5sT 
;ypay;DPR p/jyp ty^BT .TyuR^iya pr 
►nip tyo drii nnit^ b ' i irmu' 
ly^yn hsnwt typi pb Diya"i«j> r'*t .ibid 
7 pr lyoany oyi jyonynya bur b:b Tib 
P'T iy?yn ,3ii«niya iyi pb pb^s tyooayn 
-jb yiy"t pb ly^Biy^y: yuyTiasoiBP b.h 
iy>n tyiiTB jy^yr, "t iyo»»w dbp .lya^yn 
inyo dbti ,yiJB3BBB"iB ya^oanc y^oc 
dbii ,iiT:yv bh pbio jyjBtopiB jy^yii "t 
tt tyftm «t lyr^inyaaB P« lyrnoio 
,iynya iyn o^o ?iaoBP ly^t p« iyj"»onim 
vte ,ry3Bi "t iy>jni di^bj'^k nnyo p^b 
.Day^ys pa oyoasyj pn »j ij^yn inyo 
TDBnyo^ iyi pa y^n jSjpiubo yr^n 
■jb pbi lyonyj ociyis jyo po iis^n p« 
tynyocnyai roan ^p\ ;yo yyin .oaBioyn 



.lyoBi^BD pk nynnynya yiy^T lyiyn iyf 
oj.Bpya O'j fyi^T bbp ww kh ibb 
pa O"? nyj-io^BB lyriTPpnyD nyn o^o 
Ipjujna bi I'Dt^yii .TOBiyo^ ny^Din nyn. 
-^•-b iy^pi I'd tb ,iy;»T tds? .^ysca b 
-T^B'SBD^Ba.'.s'jio ,oan tyo dnp .tyin'a 
-'-spv'?v f a:.ioa^?ya-T8J tb .od'm dbi ,dtd 
"T"k ,dibp ,J^o'^-nyoBn ^jiDT'^ya yc 
pb 5np div rynynyj jy^BT .v, .t .» jypna«a 
.ODB^yT onyoc bh pa jyiyii oyo^BTnya 
rjD'nnyi vx dib ,iBno to jy^yp dbp 

? pypx -\ymx 
ty-un; Dmyis i'o ty^yp Bp'ijyDK p« 

"jy? DT^y^BD >BE'D'JPO„ B ,UB2iyB B 
PR I^IPO RIJRJRSSia B ISKHVDM PB 

ty^yp I'D' iyjjyniR inyo dbp .i^ob'ic 
iyTjiR pa tyaji^'iiDaR inyo ?*?$ ,iy;npiv 
.tjrwna to jy^jni jya^p inyo p^b ,n:Banya 
■jtb pa DiyDjys R'l p'T ty^yp rya^p y?yn 
lyiy^D'D R'i .o"pj'oyno lyco'^BB nyr 
-j'D'D tyanjyoBPS ty^yp fyai^p yiyn pa 
dibdbd'jb pb nyjnyi lyp'^DPiR fy^yn ,\y: 
lyD'natJ'iya pr iypin ty^yp ,ij.r^ nya'R , 
oy ya^yp pb ^yoantj'-i^a jib jyi^ipi'x 
R'i dbp, ,'ya£yT dbi tyiyi ony^pny oyp 
ya'^yay ipb rypmo'iR ty^yp oiyjiyi 
-JBJBBB13 ynytPB pa iy:"R .ry^i^oxnya 
nwt ly^yvyao b p'T ipb dvk ^yo'o-yn 
you iBB dbp .yjaia yopi: wvn tb ^b: 
drp ,iyo"aiRO'D o'j ty^Bt cy ryoBiyo'^ 
d^b lyaBi O'O ?y^BT "T di?bi"k ik irb 
O'j iBn "T ty^yp ,\ww& iiR ly^yocoanc 
■ya yiyn O'o T'i?a y^BToapn R'i ry^ya-* 
R'i .Diynyi R'i j:uypya nyryi pR onyn 
nya I'^nypy: ;y^yp disorder ya'^nro 
VP O'j D^Bajyny ,pb^>b tyoony nyi warm 
ti^t nyi .c"8ra"ijj> b'i rpi pb^b w-my 1 ?? 
iy r jjiD"iya-DS'in bh jyaB.i ou oyp ^rj 
pa 1 y : ' ' b ntia jya"?a »njjw» oyp 
.^yo'o-siaosP BH 
uyn yiyuiB jyi"T iyaR UR^an pn 
rya^yp n:y;TR tyij'U pa .tJniiayj D'a pb 
— oiyiyaaR pw t'r URaiya iyB"D'>8fi 
oa^p yj"p rt?r .ryoBaiya aiyio^ pr drt 
--."o p'p ,dirord'3r y:"p f Diynyi yi"P 
;ypDPx P'R tkj 03"5a jnjRjRfiRia ya^ 
-yp dri ^'eir iyaR .^rjiwt b tjruna p»'— 
ooip Dy .jyaR tVR opyi'n tsno ou i'o m 



162 



tasnaix nh 



-»t& n d^n jyayiiya "in iy M«n ty»Na ipth 
lyayj .tyiNDysms Jtfy^as nh iww bomd 
-idivd ya^yn .yrnifiy^ya yiyTN^aym «h 
ryaa^jyDni utfjwso ynjpn pn "in iy& 
mm Dy dnii ,iwi r:s: "in tyny^p pn 
nh t*m ,iyay^ tyn^pTn pn «t nnx * r n 
-jni mvmTNa&n *rwn Jiiirwj ya^Dax^^yry; 
BaNfrjjmiN in nyma pn "nw own ^v .im 
pa Dnyntjaya dn*i pn yonratfyji ya^ytN pa 
yay^ d^o iy^:ya pn iv tyoy^N pa pn »t 
pn utfsirpK fya»n iv .lyitPiiyomo yny"T w 
w ,»t i»a tyaaoyp iv im,mo pn jyay^ iv 
.rya^pnnnya ix »n tyan 
nn pa ny:"N jynN^yi my pn 1869 pn 
pn waiWB yoDrwn n» vmyynw 
-j?tD»„ ^ntiwt tya^osjiNO tytDDiNuya Din 
-yj ts*i p°n nya^yn /'wast N.njmooMB'o 
-»mya nyn pa ts^psnyi nyn nyt^iN tyiii 
mits Dn>8Dsnpyj n8J jwupiriflRi toy^a jy» 
nyj"N jyi^iiy: ^pdun^n^d pn 1377 px 
f Hwv«w pnn pa nnjj»wjnjn "*n sh pa 
PN tyoQini nvi tymnys \m o«n nyafrn/i 
nyj&^n&nymS nypnan nyn pn VN^a jyuoayrr 
yit^iN^sND Nn mpttpsnyn om ny .ttfim- 
mo jyosnv pn iy:u£"}-D3N yt^mnp p>n 
"»D$«b) pTnjfflt9B> nypn^ND tyo^na Din 
"ly^on nyn I8& &yn lysyjya ny o-Nn (i\8P 
--iyny a*uni mi mjN&snya pn nya^yttin* 
-nya jnri^ p» *"nwjjn nyt^an nyn d^: 
-*rw Dm pa aiim^ in nyoaiN wi^nta 
pa nNBPN*iyn nm /iinpbnp nyDyna-jyoD^ 

."'ODSOJnyni' SWlliNPONO,, 

lyjyuny tW"» b£"»bt« yuoya yj"t 
nh. iyn ,1885 fa 1864 jts ^nhi^t typi pn 
Dpnmytsyw tjrajas pn -i^uy o.«n am^an 
nw D^pDny^^iy^to pa -lya^aasj jytn 
yrn pa j»o:pmmi wn. ."p^yoyiiixD,, ^si 
nxn,, ."cjrwsns i» M n dkii,, iw»j ly^mm 
•*n ya^atDRtJ^ytyj wi ph ynsyma D'pn 
ps jhKa5«m»iwin dni ,is:ns„ /'DaRyjyc: 
Tjn„ ,"iyjayo ^*r- p« ixn^yn,, ,*jw*«a dktt 
d^« nym)^"!,, ."oyD^sn^VHrx n^a naDRp 
px ,"p^>i 0D"n dkii„ /Tsrwijn pn Eoy& 
■5»o iw? lya^n ryjii^inoaN yt^m-iP »h 

.'pD^y^DDSl PR ^8DD 

">« ~m ts"3 ny tj»n ly^p^nx ytn p» 
-jn^) DJtjp omas pa jyiny^ K'H jyayanya 
,(y^&8T»^a nyB^isD^vmTsa nan pa nyi 



^pDtts^^D ajimnya yo^na 8 i«s D811. 
P8 ny3»n» nyiPDyn^ia o^s Dsnya okh 
P8 DDya *iy pn *in,N* 30 n""ii inyo ^jyo 

T3»J D^8 DD8S P»t SPIN ty^D^yj JM»1D 

ty» owi ?8» J 1T 8 m: .nyeaoyp-i8a nyi^ta 
pw mi ,D^:iyayi mo tty^NnoDyj dh^n 
isn pimn tjnwi t::ya^vnya ny pn ^8P 
,i:iTjy~i nyB»on ijn pa "ytao^ "wrupiw,, 
d.t8 rya^'^pyi t» tv» bw» ^80' p'n m: 
.two pn /'iniDipD yw>*\\„ pn pn iv n^o 
pn tt¥yTy:tn8B ^^inyaaN bkh ny nya8 
-y^pmiN pn ,»«mK ypDD^j ynsaoana 
nynya \^i .m^pi^ym, y^nsnym^ wm 
topynyj pn onyDsn id^d *on tDss^pyi dnti 
yjyjN^y^yiy^ nh rniyoji»y:ia^K ,a^y ayn 
ryayn^yj pn yjjv nh tony^yj jaww p» 
.onmna va t^&oisp n'jx yjynynaiv:i8 w*? 
I'w ^pDiVN^Na^D pn "wn 1 inyvoaN iv 
.*W»m*ip pn tDD^^aia ote tyissmyiD^nN 
/Np^8^t:^yo pn trwuw tyiNaya t'N ny 
"*»t nytD^y w»t .1842 pn, ,yjnyai; nyji^NP 
nnyr nyaN ,(yj^n«) D^jsn^in tyiw ?ya 
8 tyiiyi p* iiiiniy^'^ny yD^ny \^i ,y»n» 
EsnnitMS' ny skm nynasJ .ya^mynyi nw 
■'o 8 \yivw wwp iv ai8 ,y^^-jnya 8 v^ 
ix lyrww &8n dh^n nya8 ;nyny^Tr8 jyj 
n rynyn ix bdmidjtj bwi ny ,nynyei *&!■ 
ytw «H tyr8^iya ny dnh ninNn .nya^ntr 
i860 diin .maNnyD^ w fyayayjaN n.n pn 
d^n tyttsntayjD^nN ^8» lymjny nix iy pn 
."tDy^iiDTNn,, 3J«D"X nyn pa nym^an4?,mD 
aai?"no3i« nyn ix tyouyi n 11 ^ nn onh ny 
-^vyjD^N DnynJNtya nn dnh ny nya^yn pm 
iiNSO'N vt .ny^mnp nyn ix n»5DW »t3jya 
pn toay^ya dnh ny wi\ ,t30^8inwt d^n 
ny Dspneva ^DamoB'W iwn ny dnii ix 
."iyay^ pn yw8Kv$„ nia pn pn P^n 
nyp^mnp c^n .jyTy^yi ^pa nnyr dmm ny 
nay^j inh mo t^JNPya pn toansnya ny tJN.n 
Jjf^yso .nit38nyt:nj-D^yTi nyn pa pnyn yo 
■••a-n^oaN^yDm mTDiynyoirN d,tn jyaN.n 
1867 i'tr .pnyii yt^iN^vND pn yt^aNtN^ 
-iNna NH>„ nia o'tNnna Dvynya^N ny onh 
jyayn-^yjJN dnh ny /riMrwwn JW'PW 
-n: nyj^oy^N ayn nytsiiN yftven* no » 
IN pa va-jimm) "8J8a8na ^p*-B»t„ iy» 
tDj"xyjomN Bun ny nyaN ,(iyniyD^^N 
.nytaiiy^yj nyajso Nm .yD^iOjyp nniyo ^y^a 



"•pDllS^B^D .p .1 



163 



ca tj/fat jyt^jya tn ,t^8iiya tD«n. iy ,nip 
-s,t pyiasr .D^ypninay "inn tdd"3 pn ikj 
tn^pvmys is jyajnDt? vw iy? 
.Ufttin'ti jnyn ,;yp^nyj jnyn iyay£ pn 
t^ayo s t« ,Da~iy^ya ~iy tasn ,naiya ca pn ay 
ayay *hs?j no ny ,jypjyi raan pn bu 58T 
>nsii Djn t»e tyaayna nyaes i^ss .tsnta 
.B^n^ayD un pa tyBDyn pn 
tyaamyaann pn ^q^^'q yjyj"« pn 
pn (tyc*iis dis yayn) BiDPtfriafts b>d 
»wn yB>n>msD riNaBana 8 Bsnyj dmm 
tyjai 1 ayn spin .yayan^yBa^N ya^Din nh ppin 
Byii oy .jyBDHwa. y&HUBmfl nh spin ,Tn 
y:*n D'o tn ,]inw is nantfWK t«t wj 
tyaaiB!D8*iByn y^^^^^'^D yt^BD^HB^? 
-N^si^xinn ytj"DH nh pn Bpyiny ny bnh 
yrnmo^ny an ,ty?«y*PN joiin &h jynyj 
tyaya hsdnp T-y^J pn fyaanyassanNBca^yr 
ny tya-Nn ya^yn .aany^ayn yiB»a.8*i"B nh 
pa nysnyn nh p<n .B^yn ysa&a nh BanBt? 
tyBHya iya«n ya^yu .tyifiWSttiNiTisn kh 
-5n nyn ryax^ya bnpi .BTiBHynnnyD 8 
-iwanyc^B .iHitarJyijMjn dnii .oiorwnB 
-yaa^'N »? p8 tyaNrr 'PDIW^B^O pn HD 

.Bsa8£a 
-yaomN t-ix wm$5'iwb pn ehn-t 
_, n mrw? D'nyoayaD Biynyn tyaya tyBX"iB 
bntj ny .didpjnj-is tyaHBax^yfya nymiya 
-^yrya x tya^ftnys tD»5 jyp ryo T8 .Ba^sya 
T8 pn BiBPiNns aya5ysa"8 in b^d mm 
pa ixnsnys kih "hh B^a jy^NB nyp^ya 
yvi .ty^ayo ya^yisa^N m ,"iyB5s pn "ajav 
5"ii ,Dyia8"is tyaya pn lyDayaa pa jnny? 
«o Nn\ "d ?yn» tyBBNB^yrya Tfoa Nm 
^8a dnii is 8^ ,ryni8t3^2N pn rynyii to^s 
«ri8^ inyt "irnN bnh ^pdiin^^^d ? tyaanyp 
yj«r jyay^iyn iv m8 .Daeaypya b>^«? pm 
n ra naosp n is .raya^yDa^i nh .im 1 ? 
.ttf^WPP* yirDnasia n^a ,Daaipiv yiycya 
p^8 ny t8 .twnwio'vi* iy bwi »anjn 
-anyp 8 yin \~\yiw ,~\vpivi n nxa n^a pn 
,Diyi ny D8ii oihd DDa^yr ~iy T8 ,*ihbi 
lyanix ya^r .tyi^Nin^N yj^n ina toaaoyp 
n^N aaipnni yay^D in 08nya dvuo ty&MH 
ya^i lyaa^^ya dnhi nya^yn> ,*in fyaar nm 
pn iwrusrij"! pa tyoipyj jya^n «t .lyunyii 
P8 ttts^pSk tyt^D8a»^D n ryaiayi jyaNn 
.raya^yDa^N won nrr- 



nynaNt ,Dpn8D ^inp P8 "lyoayao ,imim 
cd lyoan^yn p8 DT>p^np tin "t bnh 
yaSyii ,aai8n^aN y^^a-8T8^a yaya^N pn 
iyaa^y-iD'^ nh b^d aa8^pa is 8 pn lynya t^n 
ntt. d>d pn yaya^yisa^N ny^^Dn njn pa 
"8"iyc5 ny^^Din nyi pa lyjs^Hsntt ytaoya 
cii ny dnh ~iyiya -ijnaysayf>a pn d^d .t-id 
-xynD-Da^si^iiy nh cnannys ny^ pn 
Dip^aia-yty^ dnt- D38oyj Daspya p8 yn 
yiDDayD pn ytaDyna hh pa pnjni nh cd 
-8a tDsn iy .DnyiaimnN 1 iyoi9 pa -.ypayi 
-*i:Nn ,BJ»i> DDra.8 pa pnyn nh Dinns^a 
piyw yryn pa j»>i»n« pa .nyDayao px pii 
>»m f DDiNiiya ca *i8a Dip^aia D8"i b^nh 
tyriya Dsytyanya^N ca *i8a rxn 18a lya^n "t 

Fan pn 
5y^a inyt ny d5>8^ P^b vmim |»w 
-av ayn tia aany^pa^N iNn nxa ixn^yaa^.N 
nyi p>N rs^a jyann n tyniaiya p8 in vr< 
^anyn dmr ny nyax .niD8iyD^ Twron 
dnh pn D^panayDK'BDa^yT lyrniyaDmN 
,y>a8T8^a yaya^8 pn tyiy^pny iv taany; 
Pin ny .nyajynaN ^d 8 tya8"ipya dnh vrfy^. 
"N^nd jnjniitja n tia Tjrwna ^y~ : rin*jn*uo 
-yn Diyii ya^yii ,ynny^ jHB«BU[t«5»finB5»aijt> 
"'onijB lyi^on,, lytnuni nh d-d Daya^s 
t»d ."TijBToyo "lyintapy^aio,, "iyiN "didpti 
■»n$jnfj"« i v n t^N^HN ca n*i -n tyayp 
■yayaiya^N Djni dni) jnmiy? yrn tyayn jy» 
nh pN ^yp^D-).8 tyiynaitya s pn lynyn iya 
tyxiip pn nxa ;("Daaipiv„ piyDia yDDDya 
nyDiyn nh nytaaiN tn Aypiynyz vn ty^yn 
•'pDiiN^Na'-D D8n /'isnoyD lyivtapy^iD,, 
^yp'D-18 \»\ t v 8 u-w^y Diynaura dnh 
tynyiaBnya ?.yo hint ,"D,y-ia8na dch D8Ti„ 

- y5 PN NBTT>* 18 IS »1S8Ptt3» NH- HKU^M 

*iy .^ntpn nyn ^8a »i5"Tawi 8 is pN tya 
cwoyrMD yaHDa^B'^yrya n »*Tjn^eiyj dnh 

■ym tya^yn is txnya nya^ysa^N ny-iy^ tia 
INfi anayaypnyaN .ayna^a tia iqn nh \yn 
P«n ny pn .yHNyntrcas^stfsuy nh piun 
NH- tyaya tyoNnoyaoniN b«x iv^imm 
VT cd Byii ds NH> T8 ,typayn D8ii ,yany^ 
tyant^ayD pn aanyDyaiya n \y::y-\2 Doa^yr 
■ip phn yi pa ayii Dyia8"ia ny? tn ,tyay^ 
liny 1 tn ,D"iy^P"iy a^taan ra4?a dnh ny ,\yo 
t y a a d y p is DyDaHaanya e^^inwB P« 
.taaaipis ynyoya 8 -i8a .oynaxna nyi iNa 



164 



tasnpix «n 



pn ."Diop^xnyoxo wwvatWPV., ny"T wo 
m ryoD ,, Dp-ixo yajynDty *n wo p^oyfrxis 
-xn B&Sjm to .*uyi-mtfya px roapi nny? 
typhis jy^y^ysD x o"¥ nyi wo tyaya nn 
."paoiPWf* nyn px ayi nya v x 
■mytD^ v:nw xh ny-rx Tppmnp d5s 
ny ojymys ynyxa px p^oonoy^ys .tib 
px raom D-ijnjsrya .rxfta tott'^ri x tw 
pn njnsD^fi lyjptfnp cyn tyjyj *©e*p p 1 ? 
-xwa oxn BDYKiiya xm .bdjip tin* mya 
jywnj xtx pa yos^a px b>k oaxoy:i liars 
wu nyn *nx .tyiiyj px pwn& k»n ,oyxa 
-yopyiw px B^pa^su wk ynny5 pn pa 
town 'pD^x^x^o "wax ;bohp px b^pjpo 
D'pppie o:p"p\no,nya jpaan nxJ P« D«n 
jnoan ynynjx nxJ x wwm pm ynyxa 
.P^onp _ OD:ip nyn 
Wix^x^o anx ,iyj^T w nyw px Dy 
-yo^ nynx ^x^xd d5x nynynj pniyj px 
*iy tx ,oy px nyan nw WBnp *wnm 
-ig'Sna x nnwa tyosn^ jw»t y^x pa px 
px bow Saw ijra»nBD«i r nya"Ttj> '■mmq. 
-jijns oyi n*a nyaaoyp ny^novo^yiy tx 

.ayn 



,55a ws tit nyn pa tiyanrpvya rh 
■yj nyn px tyisnya yriywx pa y5>xn xh 
^i^ninji nnyr »ppwj#>8SPD Bixn Bas^yT 
BTiFWWS rry^Bnx ya^By px Bt>nxay:iaxj 
-jn.Tawix w»m ."yjjyo xh px jytfyn,, px 
*n*n *pm nyn r-M ,iy^ya nywi tW"T iyj 
nyiym ,?5a pa ryDynyo^x xmsa tycsoyp 
-jrjniru iya5yr ayn .wopxno^x ayi nxa 
y>"t px Bpmy:wix tix ny Bxn typosn 
dyn pa .^oxnyo^ nya^x ty^p^ns y^nnp 
nxa ^ya^^a dis ,iy oxn ppiiBTJutw 
-x^xd^oix d^xod^xb Bn^p'tsnp ^^a;yno 
■n-ss jyjyii ,^n tyayjnyojix jyjyp. mnvt & 
nw BKrt iy .Dyony^ ixa Dyoia d^o ty^ 
mv rnn^ansj typ ynny? xtx rs ,\vnvm oi: 
,ytoay^ dxt pa r wsp85n njn pa pnvi 
n>a ?iaoxP x oiyixay: rnoio oxn ny px 
.yoay^ purs pa :mo3^ya xh ,you dxi 
Mn>jjn ny^^Dn ny- pa yo^p ny- nyojvx 
tx ,iy:xt jyax ojypyj &i i^i^oxj ny oxn 
*n*n iyo tx px yuay^ oxi nxa o^yot^ xn 
px tyoan^ yi^t pa nxj ^yoa^iya nrrx 
•lya^^ w typyj oa>^ dxt 
-xn^yjD^nx ny t^x »"v ivow 1 ? nyn px 
,apnxo ?n»p pa nyjjynj'X xh tyJiyJ rvts 
jyaxipnya a»vii iv n^pn>ii tyrn yrfw 




.j'sn'rixs .mo dt 17121 '2-in ]^MJNiS8iiyt23iN DyT Tna^ ;^p't2i« yajKDyi^a'N 
lpsj^ pu /'uiypj? 1 ? e>nin„ : ty^pitais j?^yisj?5D yijyj^NS jya«o oaupya i'o ;jrjyp 
;pDyi^> .x ps ,*7JN c 7D , n ]i« '«d lyaty-ijr dj?t bid :unjiriys px annB-iyiiBiyD pu 
■7N-IND ps jiinisya kii„ ;j*iy2jiNs .p .in ]ia ,"pinaD DyinD^N lyjyn y^Niss nh„ 
irs ."siNa^i^iip ins hdh^d n„ ;(i»iiit iy*r onx) i^njrs .1 ]is /'didti^n'snd m 
■pyo ytyni« ps 7B3ib»vj -ijn bid Jinjiai^s ]i«) /'ijtdiknikp kh„ ;p»isb>d^3 ,*n 
jui^nysii?) ,"tud lyn^a i^t jin triiDn n>3 i^o^d iyi„ ;pno^ .« pa ,(u?a 

.piaxp ."r ps ,(j?bi^> p« ]j?ap i^trniK nyn DnK 



.D-innt^Ncjri p« Dior^Bjn 



165 



Di»rtD:xa*n nx Dior^Kjn 



ryiy^pny nya^'H -lyoyaty jy^yn to 
rynnsa-Dsnn "Vw yrn pa TwnyttiiK ayn 
-ya TO *n jy^ii to .Tox-iyo^ nyn na 
Txa:ix yjga tya"5a Ty^ii to dxi ,jypiyo 




tm^ apy 



am |i& ty^^noax yr*a yryn ix B»K"q 
:an sn<"3 p« .lyoan hm iya>»p d'bnmwd 
-sanmyu mm yDTia. in tyj"» iyjM*"n» 
xm ,d^opojxox~i nyn .ypnyinyoD^o y^ 
l»»^W ya^TDXJ \W\ ,Diop^>xy"i nyn 
imjm."t .tyaw? tyrtaD^j D'ryt^yo ayi px 
~nx tiK lyijyo^oix yo'iiya nn jyTiayi 
-D^n cyn o>o tjrmmya |SO-»t ya^yn ,ryaxT 
nyn t^o nx ttegpfrtpa nyn na ai&a ly^nso 
-«n .iyay^ ty^xso nyniK na tttfpintwy 
p>x na ty»8tM? Diop^xy-i na diopd^xo 
"t .qp"a D;ytyjyo nyn na ,~iyoxanyo^y 
-so t n « tw nyas ,tjrr"t px rr"3 tyasn 
.yvryss «h px apojxoxn na -iyoio kh .yo 
.oa^^yD^i xh pk Dior^syn pany&ia an 
Utt«i dpdjxoxi na nyocyw ya^3"5 »n 
nyma ya^a"? xn ,P^paxoyo tut ix^^n 




-xyn ly-iK pn ryp oa:ip yiy 

TO .B^tMBWjn "iyiX fc*»D»5 

ijn na nx: \jrm an tsfru 

-ftm ,odjip nya*n nx nyo'via 
kh .tdxtjd^ Tt oan ya 
iyx:x: nyn na Ttajnyt^ 
tynyn ttfwnoyji iyp v»nmyn 
■ynnyax »m .jy^^noax-oann »*mr tix 
Tya tt ryrayj Dy yaSyn px ,ryo:yoxD-ixa 
yjyiy^BHye- ,tyi3i$»ntsan jnyjy^p yjyny^ 
-"noax-oann xh .tyurpBiw nx ryjJioan 
tyox: j't^o jynyii Djya»vya fyjyp tyjjtf 
.Dioro:so*n nx Dior^sjn 
.d«n tnxii a'na tt oonyj diopdjxoxi 
-^oonp na ypnyii y^nxnyt^ ybtny xh 
&xy* tDJnyx o^yn yonn^npx xn) xiy nya 
(jxo-DOTayj DioDnp Dny^ na winw nh 
ly^^^osn ny-;. ps fyayn^*y; lyny; [yj^r 
nyax dkh i?»im«ojp .yasTi^ (nyvi«BK5) 
dxi onxoti' rh .nn nyTJN is t**j tosy 
■y: ivnya pn k*t >»h /its* ryany; tt osn 
na tt oonyi ax"i -T^nya ya>in tux o^a 
onsn DyK"TK Dsn k^ii ,tpo rya^yr ayn 
-yo^ yjnsn kh .(iyanny;anx ,v^) noi 
Dsi o^j ry^TJxnya ya^yn jrtnjn\--jwn»n 
nya>x, pk dkii to r *ny nyn tix pk dkii 
D'ty^jyo d'pn t^n mpii Dvn o^j my njn 
-:yo ayi na nyayn P« dkii dkt tn-j ,tosj 
,DTin tyo d«yi r^^x. dx-i o>: ,to.xj a';y^ 
— ty^yo^xa tt iyp yo dkm dxt tix hxj 
-^o:xoxn tj^ ix fynynyj ypnyn y»n«n wn 
oxn "nst x oj^o DT^xyn Jj^^noax ny^ 
lyty^^oy^ a'na tt oonyj ay .on^oa^Dpy 
ya^yTx .njxo^jy^y: x .^xt x — "y*r„ onxii 
t^x axil ,dxt nxj ty^Tjxnya ya^yii ,ypiyii 
1^,0X3 tfijHWWD a'nx t^x dkii ,*rny nyi tix 
ix ya^o^y.Tiya y:^T r>x nx jyay^ r n T px 
•$i& d»i ,ypTyii ya^yTx— .oax^^yTyj nyi 
■asasya ,iynyT iyp jyo Dx-n ,cx- nx: njn 
-ynyj ypny^ y;n^. xh— jyj^xnya^x ,iyo 
.DioT^xyn na jji^noax tjt ix jyn 



166 



.BSJIplX «H 



10 



k»ii tympany »*n iy iseya 33k5 bdiku 
.runs Jtt"t p« bi^iptx Bi^>a Dyjya^K pn 
.yny«a b^» ik m B33kb TitMnwy? yiy 1 
Tp Km no tyay^anya pk t3ik d$ii ,oy^« 
lyaynpya pk ,ijpp$yfi yn^K na nnn^nyn 
-Rna^^a «n 1K3 B">3. .disb lyt^nyua k pk 
iyn pa rnxo kh Pk Tirana yiy^t pa jya 
»t ryaun yvyrya yryn iiokt iK3 .isu^yr 
pk wis p« fya^nt? .nnrtj> pk jyaynBro 
to in ttun now y?»yi yy^nyvyi pel 
in tn>DjnytDrK Boyo nyn jnyny^ B3yayi 
T1B&3 iyn nya^K pk nun. nyn B'-o nynna 
pns "Hwsi tft b^o b^3 pk (p»PB*»ya) 
-^ya p« tynytyj asm iy dsii dki .(p^pb) 
,vitk trpojHWK b^3 d,tk BiKin ,ByB3K3 
iy yrtfyn ,yo>3D"ny3 .rynyBD^D kh Km 
-kbikd inyo B$n ny .B£yB>&T0i'8a m Bun 
to Km ,Bfrpsiyj nny» japj-jniw kti .btt 
tyjya^xya td tyjyp b."x lyniK pk .ik<tb 
I'^D bd"3 Djy^jyn nyi pa iikb^ix Km 

.♦.B»B'3.K»K1 B1U11 

« pa "nomwD^ kh ?yu ,B"x nyi pk 
dsii cjfcK tk ,ny bd^iI (5«tM8o»jn pk p^a 
I'b^b tNT Ban ny nun opftK .ikt dbks2> iy 

"HM«M|fl 8 IHK biktb ,BB»B>3|Wni ]yv%: 

BT'PByiija DPB3.8nijn "iyi .lyBpsiKa \vw 
Kn .331a 1 newttfuni Kn pk ynKBDM Kn 
iw»t yisnya sis pa y?-\y\\ xw>msBB»n 
-3sa myn ,B"panpnm Km ,yny*a i.iy» 
-jyo^ii yB3.wyr{$T Kn .u/bpsb Km f ynsn 
,nyi b>o inyn iki ^n Drtaawya beikip 
pk Dy dsii om tyom 5«tr \vn nts K'li 
t^jyD ~iyn D«ni Din ...lya^i is vta 1 * 
UK jyBpxa d^k jyouyMs Biyn .ByBan 
■psa p» jyast-BsnB ya^pnni .BD»T"B8r» 
h»t »a lynyj p* nts .Bnn^jrx \v~\y\} jyB 
■in^K W3v kh "a tik 'its ,*iyp5ya yB^s 
»n Bun DinBjyBDnp duh .nyp^ya yc^ya 
"Un pa nmBty typn^Br ay^i s B^xiayj 
yj3S^ s ^i« »»t Bun pk y^npayi y^^B:sn 
.B^yn ny^uyn iyn tia tyD^B^yj. pyn» b^x 
iror y^y^a asn lu^^xn ya^BDnp xn 
pa aji^iiBJiy i»h jyB^*nyjau wanjnairr 
nnyB jyaun ty^oyDi «h .bd"j djjws» nyn 
BinuBJ^a nnya .Banssyj ^ii .ByBanyj 
nya ix Bjny^yj nn> .yjyjjxnya oun lyjjni 
,n^D3 ,*iin:iwii .ya^Bnyiuyjyj D«n ]"&& 
.tyBpsa 1KB tjniw Bjyayiyj fyj^t a^na^ 



iy^B3yDnyaDpy ijn, ryj^r DT^syi pa 
.p^na px. r^sxs drw^aiifi) 
-B3y kh tk ,^a nyD^x p^k pw t^k oy i 
b>» Bnya B^n^jyo nyvixj nyn pa aji^p^i 
l,yiy pa jji^p^iBjy kh ion .jyii jya^yr Djn 
ayi pa jyay^ nyi pn .tyt^jyo ay^y*3"K 
ny iyn ,tiN»"» oy Baiyu ry^jyn Dy^yxi^K 
?ya"x pk ,iyp^B38oui lyBssniBiya s t^n 
ya^yri? .BD^syi iy^>Bp«ia i< t^n iy nm 
ayi pn i^ik ay hwi lynsnj/a 
-i 1 iyi pn .BDX^y?y:i uwini m pa tyay^ 
■jkdsh k pn ix B^tjyj e»jyo iyi t^k uyj 
B?yn ya^pTn kh iya^ Bajnuty iy .lyp^B 
TO y^xyn .yn«B:«a pn pa jy^n^any b^d 
■3«n y^^y^a pn inn jyiyn i3na5to»JM 
■ya jttnjw> pk B^yi3uinya BaKnp-Djjn^a. 
-B^y p'K Biyn iy jyn nyn^a pn |-jto5wae' 
is B^'jyj ny pk ,wim iypiKBB> lyo^ypni 
xstmt ix ,B^yii nyanpini iyi pa typiyi 
-i\unv n lyBaKiBya ix pk tyaKT y^'BpKia 
-pini ,ny^Kyi nyn i^. 1 tyay? a'lpa lyjju 
-5y Kn pk boip iy iyn jjia^nya iya^ 
nyi 1 !! jyBD3"D bk ik iy bspifi jynn'K 1 row 
■pKa Kn .QPtMfcwjn nix 3313^3 k twnp ix 
"iyB3 v K ySynBKD Kn .B^panpini Km ,tyB 
iy .twnyHBa;a ix nnAK i^ik jyiyn tyDy 
BP'ii ya^yn ,B^,i3y33K3iya iyi ik3 Bp3^a 
_ Ka iiTK pn tnyip innyn3iKii d^ik nn^K in 

.^yay3 lyt^^By 
-B:y Kn tik B,ny3 syn wtfyi nyn b'd 

.ty3K , XK3 yX3K3 pa 331^11 
.2 

-K3 ix nyp^ya jk jy33Ka Dy^K pa nynna 
p^k pk iyz»~\v .tyi^KTK^a pk tyin^By 
,:y3KT y^^BDnKyi pa yaKia^ ya«a3"K 
s tpiK w tynyBtr «r tyn ,iki »t ?yinB 
?y^^K3Kpy pk bkpbd"! pa yaiD^ nyD^iyj 
nn lynna Bi»nyiyB3»» wwn nyn .tyay^ 
lyt^ya^ r3K3 pk ,33i3 , ^ny ik pa yDKniK 
Kn ixn^DyiyB3 , K ix ik Bt^iy nn^K B33Ka 
nun Dun .p^k 33i3^t^ny ~\yn pa 33iB"iya 
nyn pa iynna jya^njya iy ^11 ,b^p t^k 
.nynna in3,y» b^3 t^k dkii .B3iynu3 pk dkh 
^3yD nyn .p^K vim nyn pk dkii nyn pa 
iy nsaya Dnn^Byua pk "Bi^aiUTu^a,, bki 
Dyjiyx^rr k tyBKD ix B3ny^y3nnK in bkh 
n ptk m ;pKn k jyiy^t? ix p« 5yauB38B 
-y3 ny Bun ty^BM n. pk rjyrftp'vx pyB^ 



11 



.DiDPEJKnsi jik DinrmKyn 



167 



.nm^ p8 ynj.^B om jnynsp yt?m8nyDm 
■ya P8 ^dd^d »ni DD^syn nyD^na 8m 
ny .nyp'BasDm 8 nyttfy nyi *pi8 fynaw 
-onp njntfs nyn n8a fypayn tyannyaa8 osn 
■»$p ny^aysyr nyn ...BJwam&nyB nyamB 
nyn p8 jyaa8ayaa8 B$n nyaasii nsB'T^s 
pk .bibpbjbdip tyamBamp i'd^d nayap 
m»p?8yn tynya8 , ¥i^8iun w iyaa8ayanya^8 
b*b Bamayyai nya^y nyn *pik B8n P8 
->cnsB„ iytj»Da8B8"nyt2>m , '5 r nmDDmp pn 
'8Q b^o fyaa8ayaa8 tam 8^8* ^oy ",5ns» 
njn |jnu» ny pk jyn.ns 1 ya^m Km pk .y'ty 

P8 ,»D^8yi P'Kl BD"»5«!"TWMSO nyBDpn«BS5> 

nv jyap,nyaa8 t* ny B8n HhrtHf jmwtf ya"t 
■8"i .y , 38t: , i8 ii8 dt^:8D8"i nis jynayn pm 
-jyj^« ya^?T8 ty.vn ,np?8yn Km ,dpbjs» 
-jy» D'jia niBKa nyn.p8 jyaym D8ii ,iy»MW 
.twaya ijj:tom-"?t ayn pa iwmh nyn pk .lys? 
-Donp nyn na opnsna 8 nnyn pk nyaSyn 
-ma nyn pa jou ik^kp^p* nytj>mrmm 
-^8 yi'^a yrym imjpS .jk^kp^pvs nywa 
.opiya fynasJJOiya 

3. 

nyn b^d .Diop^yn nyn tm .ow iy» 
118 ft"pa^pnpi vsyps: Km bp>h ny wfli 
,rya,y$ nanaiK pa tarn jwtawsa Kim Biy^piy 
T"»« ay ...ty^ssrpK r:i8 »a pyn-8 ny Bapn 

"3«M 8m P8 DlDP?«yn : hfwwv& BpaiB 
8 pa jypiyi iv ni8 Baimx dsp .oaso ww 
W tro* tai8 bppi ny ^n .Baaipi* ynyDya 
nyn pa jyD^r yaay^ y^s 8m Dyia8»yn 

D8 BDPnB DlDPBa8»«n TJB .OT»1JJfAW 

eoi» ny ...B^rrayaasanyB nyn pa lytDDj^o 
w B^a nya8 .bbjipix nun pa tynpitt T1K 
-y n * 8 pm ?yaya nv jyp ny .D8ii wno 
ny ?»m ,tyay^> Bwoe^pra ynyoya 8 pa ^ 8 
18 ,\3fssfi lya^tas^ n'pa yyn,^8 wn tD'j tD^n 
-n y a ny 5»n ,^^D^8yi t'n ?«urs»« 
t^8 nyDDif 8 :d y a O a y d & a y n a. c 
-8D y^8 p8 nyny? mn ny iyn .ep^wn 8 
8H pa8.nya p« n^a nn ttfyw P8 ty^xnyo 
t/bb' tyasn toyii ny lya^yn .^unvtw WfB» 
.panyn vpiyi, nya^yii ,nya8 nyt^Di^ 8 .nyu 
~:vi »t D8ii ,anyTi rya^n ty^ayn «h T8 
;>jmw 8m ,D^pa>a^^p ,8T8 pa n& \yp 

D18 BW§ Dy $*Yft ,^p^l Pi8 PWP 8 D8n 

— nyD8inyay-i pq y^ya^D 8 t Y K oanmja 
ny tyii n» .nyp^a8»8n 8 t^8 nyoci^ 8T8 



jyayn ,^8na tya^^n nyn tyayn nwyn 8aa 
yrn px lyD'ina ayn 5n»P fyayii ,^8n i D-i8S 
Tfl tsayay-iya n^ iya8n ry-^n^^B stfjnix 
-^oonp nyto^8 t n, 8 .jyasTDsno y^n80D\n 
nam nya^yn ,nia "nyamDE^^ayD^n,, -iya 
nyn pa ^inaya 8 rai8 D^a ,"Dia8^8 , ^.na„ t»t 
nyn p8 ."taa^^aya^ii niD8a„ nytJ"iDJ8ojjn 
P8 ryBBsts>jya ,, 8 8H tyayn^ya jyiyn nia 
-Donp yot^ny n t^« oy .nvn pa mt38a kh 
5jjsp2 nsn n 1 ^ ojnanaya ",y^8^88T„ ya^ 
f mn 8 ryanu'ya tsiyn ton8n .jwyo 8aa p8 
a5nn P« Basna. piai a^m a^sn pk ya^yn 
t»k yt38B nn^H 5«n ,ryaa\n pa yp^8m» 
.yp^Knio 8 wm *wk P8 a^5 8 jyiiya 
-^yii ,ynnaN08^.D ir»n 8 nrr8 Da^aya on8n 
,I8PmyB ^yana 8 ,ny"S p8 D^a taaynn ya 
nxn bvo nyna^p ya^r i* tyay^ D'-a nya^yn 
«?. .ttaist^ P8 Di^a pn "i Diyaa8 ny D8ii 
ny^B tin aanst^ nya^yn ,ap^aya ^yana 
;^8 oyaya^K pn pa taay?yaa^i8 tanyn p8 
"yamDas^ayDni,, ya^yt8 j^ye n8a p8 
-D8 nyn p8 n^o rya^sya ya^yr D8n .iyop8a 
~8n y&B p« ti8 y^oyn^ 4 nyn p« ,ya8^8nD 
_ 8a8py y^ v Dm8a .iyBa8^ayDni yc^taasB 
p'8 .ewoxsasn n 1 ^ f»n ~ , .:v:v mm pn yn 

^^28018 

ypnyiittcaip ya^DDnp sm ,T^n , »B8a 
-a8D8n i«n lynya tya^r nitDKnyta^ 8m p8 
18 tMMsa |y»a» pa p:xwi nyi 8m x ,s d 

■WD 1 118 18 DM«fi P^8B 8 8^11 f tl»n IFWIl 1V 

Dy taaa8B .tynns 1 y^mam wn pa i.yDp8ii 
earn ny ,jya8T jffiwownfi fia jypayn w 18 
nyn pn .ta^pampim kh rynn^syn iv 18 
-j/a y^^Dm8nyta8o ryi^aya tyiyii yn8mys 
fyBsryj rynyn ryay^ iy^8^*8D p8 ,]sw$n 
-8nyp.^ nyn p8 ,ryaamyi:yiya y^^psna 
ayn ty^iasnya ya^yn ,ypiyn tya^^ny niD 
-a8 iv yD^aD^ymya ya"t ,jyay^ pn ,iyL-ay» 
y«"»D^«jn ana nytaan jy»ip ay .ynyn 
jw»»D»$^n tya^na* p8 ryaai8M^a^.na^yn 
■y 1 igaaft D8ii ,D8n t^s am^ipnyn .pnyii 
nya^8 Day^ v^s nyoam nyw^tto^^yn nyn 
-ya irn rts 8m wmw lyamayrnya v^ P« 
ny t^« nayfl-v nyn p« : aai^pniDay pa jyn^m 
f« \yir\^ ya^m ynairya nn p« ,t^taa808~i 
~8n nynypi nyo^y ivi spiK .cvtaDmsyi ny 

.^taa8» 
pn 18 taaasa iya^nc'-yr8~ia ww DynD 



168 



•tas^pix «n 



12 



-ynya pan *ws»p\ii .oax^jyDm -iyt}>n8tD 

iiy5 f D!T« o^ya^onya nytx B>:y» njn p~iyb 

PK bitt nyoMii iytyn tk ,bi?'yt u$bc58& 

^sj pk ny f by twyo tpp i^ax p,r tKbyi 

.tnyo ton f iTrt "vufp 

.jyaKmy ,P-"0 ba"ntp nyp>tti8P8i ~un 
rawjb lyase by nyas oyii ny $»££i#d 
-$o P« ly^oa^x ty^yo ByjyaiKTiyiEi nyi 
nyn jypyii ams pr ~i$j oyn ,iy .nyt^sn 
,'tyaK ix 5$&k jy-ainp lyDD^wn k*i .bjWB 
iya$ ,d$d sh nyai^K tab b&$ tyaxn »j 
.riy^RriJSOJis (pjjjd ayn mokd t5 ,, j typ q<sn 
pr nya^n^ Tye»tM^5ish nyi n^xa imi 
t"K inayav ny osn f *iy5bD>rp s tS'PTN 
.tiww p 1 ? »a "ivosb poani .Dyjyasrny 
PR opyu ny .pynrx tyB»5*ri#e tyB»Dpms x 
■Wi k onyt i.tr rx .wo Din tyt^yo ayn 
oDna rh bu nyoio x »nii ,~i^a ytj"OD^ 
tya*p ix Dy^axoixp b^w UK *wp w* 
ay *pw dxh tDyin ,Dyoynx'ii x txo nyi "Va 
or .typJNiy^ ytaay^c is d'ibbok p*p fyayu 
■*5«ri rh tyayii iypjyn ix wwm T'R W 
Inyw ikh jyjBm ,-iyoio x pa y5rra.y:i ya 
Jsa iy"K a>ix r ">na yens jx pa yoa^a 
x .tnypnxa .tyaiRmya ay isj pr ynxo 
yapSisjyixi Ttew x o\o i^a wtMBoun 
^ibTi px tinybc rh b^rsrv yn^yn ,iy» 
Bpva N«3»bJM!Mjn nyi spw nyaftm »a pn 
-y^a^yjQx ^ayjp TyBwobtfwn p^R nx: pr 
.anpTii jtonypnya « t^pjis iyai&i typ ,oy^ 
i^a pa ipbxo njn. ,pnjm pa iPbRb in 
ws ly^BD^xyn dsii p» ,np^y nyi n« 
t3yi\ iiT« nynxi'P dkii pk lyiyn^^ own 
-yicMN; pn tsyn nyp^sbty xt3Dy"i ,tya^i6j> 
tayiT "lyDjna xtooyT ,\vd^ -)yv<~\ iyi topni 
ty v DKSo^D ~\nyv ^DDyi ,Di?aj^k ny*T' pn 
,yyTK \"i is tyanD^nx lyosanyai *iy~r wi 
ya?yi\ ,nya»n^ yrrsi «;n .^yTK pn ix 
-so PR lyuD^xyn \vm: \'v>ito ^n jyxi:ya 
njjj lyn^a yr^asn:^i{?s yjyDK^yiDnx w'? 
-Dya y:nyn^ kh iypy»T ix — pyiix p>K to>» 

:.KD P^Kl 13>D I^J PK tytSpJ'bDJ^ ytJ'^S^D 

iy'a>n:B> yrrsn nh ,oyjpa jyax» ix — ivd 
y'notf pa lynyn i^o .wj«bu^iw 13W"T 
Ta ryjyayi jyo typ »itr bpiia .ny^boj^p 
■site d«ii .nyn^oB' yin^n ^"j lyp^isoiri 

xaa Tiita yc^D8biKia-e^iD:«D'fcn tyn^xn 



« tyoip byiv bai'ipix nyn px rx .bd^vib 
x nxj oyii ^jyo H)n jyn ,b^x ya^p^j 
pa ty^aa^ix t'l^ h.TK byii ,t^no sp*a 
-jypKn t5^o ^i.jj> yjytD^^na ixxa m 5yo>n 
P^k D^n *iy tx ,b.y D,y bo^n z^ayjp vw 
typ dsii dst urww ,t3ajipYx hjn ps ?«jh'» 
.^syTk p">p &i vk tya^pmnya bu ^n 
.ni^n "lyt^^bD^bJxa » t^« cy 
■mw y^ynosD k w: bfbp^xyri 1xn ; 
-iki\ ufty^'^in s b»a Di»tmj»wjn ^yi ,to^n 
ppiK ip^ayj t^k b«nnwi ytyy^yfi x .ww 
n^j D^ayj p* b^-rnwi y'pxvi x ,fya>i^ 
P;» "uja T5na sm .tyo^ii i^d osi\ ayn unK 
tb b^x kh tDbip DBN^jyo^i' tia iD^jni iyi 
-»p »vii ,txpya «ni tybD^snybKD ya^yrx 
ya^yrxi niwnwft^ "ly^ P« tyj^^ny ,pnya 
oyDisinyo k^^ ,Taopyi^ r»ii tyoD^syi 
.(Dsa^p pjn m lyosa-iya) 
■»t pj^xi^iyn ny^nnxjsna nyn nsa 
.*iypjy*pna jn^nwar® xn lybipyi t,yj 
-yn ayi tia jyosm tyayn^yj bsn smn 
dxh ycsnKDsa .tyay^ tya^nyn^a-p^p ?y?« 
Dyn pa nyanyp tyuyaiyDB' nyi bDyb&Ksyj. 
-anx p"nK DTVKfic pinm .Dior^^sya 
■yj nyi pa bftjh Dpnxo ?inip ,x^st »>d ty» 
pa Dpjyn px twyDa^R o^d ty»spx biNiuya 
■»yn Dirr. /sDD?»b to in jyoxTix oajipix nyi 1 
,*i"i pk typisnyj Djyyayo nyn tyii' .od^ 
jyn ,^iopxna tyj»r tywiayibi^ y^n jyii 
pk t»i ,royno p« nyo^o pk lyenyp t n r 
Diop^yn iy~r .tt"'bb^8jn iibsnyb^ pn 
-Kja^K yty^yuxv jftwvqD :njyo^ osn 
■^j^h tyawa^K btjirr bioPtM«Dijn nyi ;jya 
anp nyDnnj k pk iy — yStnso pk y^ynm 
Kin typ't bfcnoiK o^ .aioiypDnp mx 
i'\m tyonpxa^n kh pk DypKona y'nos 
,oy?K oyono Dt^xyn nyn .np^Kyi ty^yj 
ba^iJfl iy .?yan^j wn jyi^anya vx dkii 
■D»j d$i pk by T»t OT'DyiyDPK nyix by 
ta^iK tyjyJnyi'^K oy dj? typ iy jjk^kt ,y^o 
■yo t'o^o tyijny^aix jik ^^o ty^'osoxjx 
onyn y^astK^a xn xm .p^kjk tia nyo 
■yj T^Ka Kn oaaoyp ,^ ,, oD ,, ^,nyoKo *nj: 

....tsy^jn \n 
tyji^t ^KbD?sb i\y? pk sjin iKbpni 
Siirt lyp^jKb^n ijn .jyyytsn yD^n: yi^a 
oD^xyi nyi ,ybawyi o^yii kh DTt^oysa 
-dm iyn. tia ynysa kh o-in^Kyi ^dDiso 



TT 



.D*IDntQ38D$p p« D1DT^K>H 



169 



viyn ny- pk tyswyo pa nyry^-iy njn tk 
,^d^h tia dm ddip rtfiKJ kh tk ;pmk 
.Yiy W'BoM^Kyn ,ny5ynyBNo nyn pa n»J 
P»p »»i "2 pgn »"p3»5$n*M2w yirryt? k 
.pM bm ^? km Dnypiv'rya kmi ,&m HDiyn 
.pk km Km 'it.k B'wfrp'm kh tycyj »m 
:mwyi dkh lypajn *iye»5:uy lyDMiyj k 
-PDi«onn nya^K diopSwh pa iinvj njn" 
nyan* BaKWDMi pa pnva *iy- pk did 
".^tam iik ajn^ao:'^ 
-HjyDB> pip dm nya* pk pnvj nyryn 
kh ,jyopKa jiftjpb tK Ti fyfoKt ay .lya 
pk ,nyDyu {ik nymna tnyii DaK^ya^i 
Djy^yn n'na tyny&D*o kh nya$ .TjD»n 
kh ,B-^pnyjiK oy^K ^si jya»5n "pmk*i" 
*n»j tibkj nyi pei jtowrflB yjyj-ismya 
jnytwi» tia i«nys "tin .vpyiwy dm Dy^K 
pa d^ptd K.H .nya^Kisa tanya D^pJMoyriD 
-Myu ik Dswn twy» *un ,ta»ip nyD^y njn 
dkt pa pm iv tynynsiv "iyjMyn pk nya 
tyrpv tK d?pk D3mh Dy ...y&^DDHKHyDKD 
b/^htk f iya^piMi ny-r pa nyayn ",n»n" 
PK njyjM pM ikj phi* bp2«a ny .tyay^> 
bbjipiv "un pk nyay^Dai^ jyna vt ^11 
pm pa JitnyoKo vp iy tiki wron — 
..trwP«MBe«n ftp taann ny .jyay5 no^pTW 
-jupm jtpmi .jya^yn dm ay Djyp irpK 
pa iidkj nyn pk ttfyviKiiyjj^K y:^r fyj 
...ry^jyD uw^i^n ajn 
.p-nsM npjp 



-MJ niwiDD^Kyn *ijn tia ty-yn ina jivewo 

kh pa tHyrrvny kh pk ya^yn ,niDK*iytD 

Dawwymi njn pa ippjgiva yjjriKayr'M 

.yaiKTK^a wdmks iyi tia pk 

.4 

\w*YBt lycnytDJiK ijn pk dkii k^k 

? D1DPD>KOK*1 PK DIDTMJKJn 

-■•na i&ikt pk ny tyn ,didtho:kdk-) iyi 
-ddhp kh kmi yiKiJ lip DayiD'j' ~:yp:y- 

-.^D K,H CMl'D DyT t^K jyDMD IV ^HIKD y3M^ 

Dinyp-iKa Diot^Kyn nyn /udkj kh ,jniytD 
.ty^jya ayn ynyDKO iyn pk jyay^anK ^r. 
iv 0HjypE> tt tyn^Dya ^yp^DJKDKi 
•viyn nya^K d{$t ,y;yasstn-,y d^h urnrfrw 

MJMDMJ1K KH |yDK11^DMK D1K ,yaMDMH v ^ 

dkt tyDy: Dnnypnya ;yDDM^Kyi kh- wp 
,yan:yD^ dsi .yaM^jnyMy: dk~ ,y;mM 
■«n. k .D^pa^DM kh ty5sr«jnrivj"K dik 
*y"x t"K ,tKM:y-iaDM< f«n DDyj nyp^JKD 
k ^kt y^jyn k tyaxb ayi pa ?mi iik pm 
DronyT DDM PK ^KT V'PiWl k Day: ooM>Kin 
.pmr'n t"K .iKMryiao^K t"K ty^KD 
-nyai iv tyayj' ty^n 1yp*DJK»K-i kh 
typ D^n^jyD nyn tia h^ikj kh tk .wv 
.^yoM tia nw tya^yn toyriM* Tip tyDip 
;an— jm^idk' pk t^Dyj t^k D^panpnMi kh 
"PT1M1K yoM pK yt^^Dy^a r y:ny^ x «t tyu 
■y^Piy nyaK ty^ii fyDDMxyn kh .D^pan 

"MKMDyD "y^DJKDKVT^DDHP 1JH TK ,}yn 

pk yMKDJKS yL"n:yK3 k tms' pjsny: ny^ 




;.70 



tasiipix rh 



bdj«mj;d^ yt^B^KB p« j;jkib y^itapsiu an 



iya>y* njn cimk lyrn ya'ftni ,iyimayjjyoRT 
yj5snu"R pa San ""p R pr ir*-vrj /"lN-iat? 
ryHRynD vth tin bcT) "lyaHRi .'.yisnya 

IJ/Ji^iJ RTK T'R DiRDR.) yiCJ"D;X0R SH 

,(jy^'no d*j nmyo tt typ dkh >"iyfin'yp 

"KKBi PR n2lfc> "tfn pR TR ,IDJ"Di R % Ti e, *'Vl 

iyriyn wSw** ifiJ lyrDD'Tpiy naifo rh 

.yean 5T|^?T }\K 
ytyn pa ty'a d-j nyas \m D?»n dv'r 
Iim .'■pSaySa'iya'iK iv ""pw pr rh ,ynsynD 
pntf¥» yn«ynD nyn pa nyDyiDnya rh 
-rnv *wr pR yiRna rh DaRHDya nyay-D 
-^rya pa tyjju'nny jhjru* &*» WRfuys 
DanRnyj T' "* tyD^sii ,ij;ay^ pp*j&&tt' 
"DnSj* pri"? '•its R'ii : jyix-ia kh> rytytM? 
lyfrpayj y5R2,R*viR.* rh jjnww ivanw 
jpaRn ryjRn pa ? ijtopjyo ytfysr*K sh pa 

-y: dSrii nawn yrDan yj-nu"K rh 
y^s r'ii ,ryfrp3yj y?Rj:X'VRj rh : tw 
•ytj'jyo pa tyjnnranya pR ry^maw wur 
-5k ya"?3 Tin ty^Kiiw jyanyjo'iiR. fjw""? 
-jik jyay^ ayn Tvni ,*yD]nyDJ*R yi^nys 
^yniyDitPDiK 3D»5a itUD 
r nyaHRn PR ftvaiw y^KHprai drtt 
BP&tftoipyw rh ATayj -iya^DSRt^yTy:i 

-R"iyDH ^XHiBlt^ R pK D'lR T«Ti dphh p*5K 

-r-vrj nyn j ,-i .r iyDn ,Dayn ,td5ip ,niD 

-ya iv cy^Ni Dip tnjn&a oynyDj'R ny?Rj 

.UftpnUUP iv iik |yx*B> 

-*nsny ya^Daxi^^yrya '-[ip jju"t Dun 
linyaejy-iya ly^yii isj jyo iVp Km .*ya:u 

;yn dikm oyn Tin yixns y^RiR'VRji rh 

nyjyio iyvjR:] ayn trs tt nyi fyaR» Srt 

? lyoy-iyoj'R y'SRJR'VRj rh pa 

-^k 13311 tytoaynp pa mj'j'»'Knya rh 
ipyati nm tik -Dy-'j r Dyay d'iir ^siya 

,Dyn "Tin iya,R^ya pany Diyn no^j y>Rj 
iyprn ,ty?n-a lyrj-yn jrana yo'iiw R drii 
-5tw:"H "iy*i .trrM lya^yr ranR ly^-uxn jir 
™iya*R WP ly^a ny^yvi'-R nyn f c*jjfo iyj 

-iKa rnoRDjni*iRa.!D:yay*iys t"Tt3*j Da'in 
**a n>j *3**"ii ,18'srj nyvjsa nyn pa tjvtjww* 
^-i*ay; y?i8JiR. % VRi oijn fR lyt^jyo jyny 




1. 

-Ria yty'O'^RS R PR fMV^ 
■jy.D'11 rh pR ,yj 
nan pr drii tseiRB' 
yirtR^p R tyayj iv 
naiititfi ya^-tD^i pr 

RH> PR ,-in'R *1M« 

-jyDD'ii yi^'D'^a 
-D*ni RH lij .toaRty 

-JUTTUR KH tJ'D pJTtt IV tDRH DRII ,BSKE>iyD 

-y? ayn »>» tiR ^rrdb* pa iyxyw pR tyi 
ny iyp Kn nw ,toRSD:^ pR \ymya pa |ya 
tyniiP drii ^yD^pany'in^ rh i*ir tjny?p ■ 
-y-^iya pa jy^jyo drii ,Dyn ay^vv d-hr 
P*k pR w&vs &xm\ lyiR'VRj y:yi 
y^'D^Ra rh enyaoay jwj't drii .orro^ 
? ayi f^'iR DaR^jyDm 
■yj drh oy tyn ,tya*'v ]yiiyj lyj-n Dy 
■D'tipy "ir'vrj,, rh tr f 2ju"o RH' tDtmyn 

DRtStttS* Tin TR ,n01^O; RH^ -1R3 D'J 1*p DTD 

ny^RiR-vwa nyi »•» pna n d*j irj drh 

.yjRia 
ny iyo DRrt ,drrd^ nin ,noi5o rh 
-jyo y^yva^R d-jo pnn iv m: osn ,ra*iy5p 
-r'R lyiy 1 .yoayn yiDxiina yiyn px jyty 
*iyny' pR nyava r t'r atSKrare* pa nyinRH 
rh tr ,|y*iyiR3 iv twjn om DRn nyn-a 
-•*R pn ,r$nt» P*t jyvD'^ya *>».t mny'Jiyn 

typHTiyiDJIR D'J ^>RT R'T TR pR ,DHDJy; 

-Ta yiynjR d-j ty-ix^ drii ,ty r PiT3ya yj'*p 
iv tynyT siiri drrdt nyi ,Dinyp-iKS .iyj 
t;dj*r yaHjyo y^R tyiyan iv pR jyv-D^ 
iv tynyT shri ly pyj^a ^"t pa jyDjn 
,nyDyiipya dru iyay*> nyn **t, irb jyaRD 

.lyonyjyjJR drii 
jyjRnya yi^yv^^R rh pa yaran rh iv 
Dayi wn ti« ,i3*nsynD yay* irj ^iiynyi 

-'H3 RH ,^Rl3l^HyD1D RH TIR in*H IV 

ly^jD'D r jyan iv \^ ty^ma iv tt d-vt 

.IR-VR3 pn tia 
i.rj nyaR DTDDnpy p^R ir'vrj rh. 
DRfi r*t .:ji3""^iy yjHjyD^Doa^yT d^r d>i 
.D'a yDjnyD3*R yi''Dyi^R ww \"p ntju 
r rya'a to drii ,ty»RJ R iu t*«i ir'wm 
-iv tt jy^Ta ya^yii ,iy^jyD yDR» j/d-itj 



15 



pisns y"?s:«^«3 jsh 



171 



-.xfl rDjm mtk. pk uk? p'tat^ yDMiya k 

Ji7p Dyn frtM TK ,1-BMfKa K 112 nyDDMpy KH 
.fotttfKJl D'a ^M IftpVKJ I"P 

-ya"N in DD"fj dkm ,tu ^m oay-ia Dy 
jya^XKa kh na : iya$T 5"no k ? uk? yj 
y?Ka8 v xNa pyriKa jy^yp ,y'n»K jju«t 
,aHayDt?DD2?yT pM ix {yoBfi jy:yp ,yo2yi 
-$N2&&D&ftn umya ?,bdk pw jw»i yj>yn 
"nai^o wk k DKny:i„ lyaBO dkm ,an 
dba dkm ,jsM*Ka kh .uk? lyaya^K k pk 
,uk? yDMiya k *pik yo2yn "yr^HBODH,, 
DiiTaya , "ta tny ny a „ ?kqk dsh dkm kh 
tiynKs ix taajn Dim dsh kh ,yUjna kh 
;D"paHayoi2naD2?yT jftKjipxtsa lyta^M ^mk 
""i;mk„ *pik jyasMayoyns $dmd ayo km 11a 
.UK? "yan»'jr„ ifMK *imk ,uk? 
lytwavx kh niK "2 \yp)p mtk ob 
pa pynBB p,K yams pteupyga km simk 

"BODH,, KH PK OKI -UK? "TBPM,, J»D?1D 

.yHsynD "jwn 
yayny^nys km ix pm ?Mii -lyoay-iya 
: oa$T km .ynsiyniD ytyntay **h lyJK^ga 

,UK? OKI *|MN D3jn OKI DSH fS'XKa JHy> 
DKrt 1X /^*Sl PJKS PK oy JMJfljM KM 1KM 

ix ,0^ nyiiK ?BnK Di&jnynya, js'xnj kh 
uk? k stik yoay-i "ycnsDD'n,, km dkh 

UK? IJKWOU K pK TK H?K2 KMT ; W IX 

K ix aanyp?yiBiy3 nyn pa an dkh dtbtiw 

IX t02yi OKI PW WVK3 KM Dljtfl ,t8M*KJ 

yrniBDDrn-,, uk? ojn wk "iytjnyn,, 
?"M ,|y2Kn on aaiD'nys pv jyayp yeasn 
•pa iyxyayia sn ,tt 0^2 aanyp?iyiajya kh 
"hm jynyuy maiife y?Ka:8MfKa km 
-KynD y^HKtaoH km ikb nynayiya 
nyaK ;yn.Kyno jwvasjf km ypKto pk yn 
-k^xkj kh tyny2Djy-iy2 w&nw |tk a^oan 
: DKM 1K2 t3s .tD^a km typ yaKHB y?xa 
uk? k pes aanyp?y2,y2 ^yn ; pa an om 
-ins pk tjnyijjnya pm t^yp ,jyta.^a ^m jyp 
.nyxy?s yayty^i^nKB pK ,]$&"** yxnyw 
~H2 js^Ka. yDMiya k y2?yM pK ,iytany khi 
-aMyaaK pMi ivayp ?n^xnnyiD pk im taa>2 
jyxyayna km .jnjnjs kh pa ya>>K myn 
jy?Mntaix2K nyiw pk ya^aix pm \y:yp 
\vp taiyta^ kh ipK -yiyuK wn fia ya^K 
-?y2y2 nyn pa an Dm iyn?Mi t^x&a V® 
.yiyuKaK ^y2K uk? |'2mk ,:^ivp 
pa yaiyaia k ,^.w"3 dix ,ta^nya 
yDMU k ]ya^>T tyuK .KDny^'D ny^H'-K iyt 
PK ,:anyp?y2y2 ny^MaTB^^ ivn PQ ? ,, hd 
"SrHsnwi taonya uk? i'bm-k 8t^a ^8a tayo2 
jyaM:ya DyM *in>K pK Dy^any2ia jw^on yaini 



^?D2KL"?yTya k t s k Dy^^KaB'XKa Kn 
yxaKa y^u pk dkm> ,aaia"iEny ytynsDD^n ya 
jriuTK dbji iB'XKa kh -i^ayiD |ia tyaiia 
dbit pk na .lyDynyD:^ 4 y-in^K ,jy;ai2yiD^ 

?"t lynyDt^ya 
iK2 jyvtaDMpy jyDjnytaa^K. dsmh 'mix 
w •t2 ,, Ma , '' , « sn ,eaywiy :j,^xkj yny 
njny^a rwn y?s tk ,iy?yM d?bm fs^XKJ 
■yom jy2?yn ix na ^a^a^Knya pM*jy?B^ 
pK jy?PMioy ix e»>KriiBD pk a^D^a ,?yn 
."nta?ip y?Ka8 , xxa km ly^ns^-iya ix 

TK ,DPK2 UH DM1K "^M DPMI ^2in 

p,Ki lyaina r?K ,pk JB'XKa k ^yw'?? dkm 
ix aai2jriD^ KH, "wk "a Dijm -iyp~iKD^ 
l",p .p?82 pa ninyHaD^ y?K jya^a^K-iya 
-B?nya D>a ?bt "iya^p, f jy?ny2 ta^a ?bt "iyna 
ya^Hp kh "3 .fBMiKa kh ik2 lynsya in 
M'DKaKa p3o k TiNaBi ^m Dpymy iyaiB ,, XKJ 
T'K okm nvHata^n wiy wwi am k ,did 
nyi lysyayanys'K jy2y? pK 2^? d>o ta^a 
•HBnya yw v» is^xKa ktk iga ? , mi ,iB'XKa 

.*W"JTD 

pk DjnyDan< ny?Ka8 , XKa nyo^Mix nyi 

•ta^.T'Ha kh 
pm tan ?m\ /H2 pM ?m*i iBM^Ka yiy 
-D«a D>a r B"DM>8B D^a Dya-^p pa a^aaynaK 
.pHK ^m tiMK n'3n ?y2 k pM ?mi yny .a^D 
yuymyn yp^iKD^ pK yoMU kh "3 
ijn : oynytaa'K ik ^%i DTDDMpy lyaB'XKJ 
nys'K ly^iyn ix aaiayita^ kh pk aJK^nya 
,jn,y3KW kh lypmnynaiK ix ,yiyuK 
•iyjK>XKa yiy^p 
kh, pK lyx^ya ix 'yDy-iytaa^K kh na 
-kh tBMfKa kh mo ,i,y?M3ny ix ,ya;i2yntaL" 
ps ty^y?M\Ha pk yeayn yDMiya jya 

.taK<KDty 
taKKtac isn ?8t kmi r Mi3 ^jM taayn2 oy 
ny tk r iy3.KfD ny ?bt km\ ,jyi,TB2nn oy 
hkm dkm r iyasM?KJ y?K ix ta2ynya pM ?bt 

?DiTK pk iya 
nyi : jya^T dkm. lyH^ynD 8* 1 I^pm oy 
aanyp?yay2 ^yi ta^o pnta ix D»n dkkdc 
yaMiya pa lyariKMa^K kh o">» uk? pd 
ny2HKT .uk? pa (jyuyaya) lynsDnyo 
aay pM yo2yi y?Ka^XKJ kh ^mk jyTin 
DDKayasx pM Ryna ,uk? i'o>d i,yui2iyB 
IB^XKa kh iy2?yM ?imk ri'BOHj;^ ^n ix 

•taanBM 
"ijn pa ixnyisB ^*yp lyaijPXKj kh 11a 
-kh y2?jni f yo2yn y?KaBM>'Ka yoMiya hbi?» 
.yHBtanyo y:y:"K k ,uk? "yaya^K,, k iya 



172 



asnplX KH 



16 



nynRop^na Din. ^yarx ,iir£ tj^jui^y.w; 
nyapna njn nyarR uprviHeDna fio bwn 
C'Hya dxi .; iyay? x \pxsa tv jyan ttfyn 
lis jy^no jnj/Djnj xn pa oaxi&jnyn xn 
•jnjMpSp «n tpspk aanyp^yaya mn 
4. 
iv ptx JM3MJ on ixa nyax pr ay 
px oy .yaRna y^Rax^vRa xn fjnyaB.ayiya 
j^vxa nyi lis *pn ny~ tx ,ijn»o iv e^xa 
::y ■ ) it« px ,TaR^> pa ax pixoa> nix oaayn 
jyaxn "pp .ynRionyb nyn Eta tyiaianya 
rnqya^R xn iynyoirya oy oxn px lynyryj 
pn fan\n OKI .lyay-iyoa^x y^xax^vxa y^ 
nyanx-i .lyayiyoa^x jfijn&yp ^voo-'n 
ax on oyonxax'vxa pa Wic© xn oaayn 
,ono jiny *pi« lynyr to .tynxonyo tia 
-nyo ifttogwiu xh orx'nya iyo pm ?x 
x pn iv tix on -^n 1W3 B"ij/n ,iynxo 
bbnp |j» i-v-it px ,rawttu nyn pa -lynao^o 
•^xa tan f>n jyn onyn y^ix "iax^> pw .x 
ayay^ pa ix v vxa nyn pa nynao"^ pn on 

nax^ 
,jyc>ayo pa nixanya x pr p^vx; xn 
jx»"t dxh ,iy:xnya pa i^vxpaxa-ix ]x 
-ax ,yoa^*y; ,*i«nae> ya^pj -in laroinjrfl 
o^o ,pn f^vxa sh j n .x jyon ,aaiDROits> 
-piya pa Basra "oya th^ip x ,b*ixii p»n 
-oayiya xn tin po lyanxi .jy^xnya ya 
inyo^ya y^xia "ly^xix^vx: "un pa aanya 
fjnjp tiixi ixvvxa -iyiy py^r iv ,ayi px 
pa ?"r«D ty-y 1 px t.x*v.Ra p'-x pa ly'^a 
-ya iv ,yoayi y^xax^vxa myn naifo m 
px jyay-yopx y^xas^vxa yiy"T jyvup 
yiy : jaiR p»« tir nn ^^aya px dxh 
nya cxv, ,iy;xnya pa man x pr ftpxw 
,iyaxia y^xj,x>VNia isnyn pnx fyiyaDjy 
-xjx'vxu yny-r jyv^ya iv p>?x jyait dxii 
-xax'ivxa jnyn ty^aiy iv ,tyayiyori> y" 1 
y^x^x'vw pn kh px tax .ya^aiHya p5 
-jyo"'oaa c yT raxa ix'vx^ yiy^ px lyaixna 
px xn ,a ,, aaynax u»j aya^p pa px xr? ,an 
taan ynixyn^ xn .p^x ^n npx n^sin ^ya x 
y^xax'vxa pa nyoa^o kn. il^antn two 

.jiyoxaxtaiix 
"«t fyayiyo^x y^xax^vxa rh nyax 
-ayD xh pa lyoyiyoa^x diro p^x n: i,ya 
-a^x yoaa^oapi. xh o^a i^ax jya^t s n .jjw 
lynaxmya ^xa lya^r «t nyopx /tyDyiyts 
-yiax px j^R^O' ,yi^vD ,, ^a f y^'»RaRpy 

.tyoynyoa^x jn 
pa lyay-iyoa^x yana^x r-h. nxa ox 
# aanyayi y^xnoayv «n oroanpy jyay^ 



aay iyay^ ly^o^n \xrn ,iyopnoan ^^ 
nyn pa an cxn jya^t »t ,yiyiax rh ;yaya 
px ba^n .lyopnoan yay 1 pa aanyp^yaxa 
lyax^vxa pa avany x nxa dxh ,onyo^ xn 

hn px ornyn 
3- 
-R^vxa xn oaxD ya^jhi ,ynx,yno xn 
.ty-nxonyo xn pa a^aaynax yaxia y^xa 
nyax oxn ,|yan:xn iyax^vxa xn ya?yp vm 
ma ^n xn .ny^nya lyapiya x ayi nyapx 
-px,aanyp^yaya-iyi pa an dxt [yannaya 
"iy-i tia an "iy*i jya^n dxp ,|yax^vxa xn ma 
lynmayHM x px ay ya^yi\ pa aanyp^yaya 
-y?p xn pa u/dpi o^a ixa ^Ti xn nax^ 1 
ya^jni ,aanyp^yaya nn pa jy^no ynya 
-xax^xa,, pa jyvyayia xn px o>a jyanxii 
xn pa jyopi &s ^pr mn xn .nax 1 ? "ty^> 
px ,on Y'i~w px |ya^n ya^yii /jyax^vxa 
;aanyp^y3,ya njn pa an dxt o^a nayaya pn 
•lyaixT Tito B» ^i^i 1,r ^ xs ^yax 
!.yno yiayoi^oix m'n^^pv xn xvn 
xni tytx^ya r^ittta n : yi pa ty^no yamya 
jynxaya ;ya^n »t ixm ,ijnayaya px nyoiy 
jnynaiR px navn ny^r iyan p,x ,iyn^Piya 
ynyiax px ,nann -lyaSyr nyi pa |y^no 
■ty^no-o^yn ynyiax px nxaxt px mano 
Tvn !.y^yp iX'vxa nyn pa jymno xn ox 
lynxonyo^xax'vxa yj"?p pa aan^a xn 
•^Ra ty^yii "T ,onnypnxa ; jya^iw o^a iRa 
PD tyonyaax lynyp "T mn\ ,pnyniya 
pn on rpi oaxno-ya iiynyii »t ^r^vro njn 
lynanny^w' xpi ,p^xa pa lyian ya^na 
.nyiyna yayoncyaax nxa i.yn,R 
rany px jya^T dxp r ty«ji^w xn px 
}V~V)\ ,aanyp^yaya nan pa an dxt on 
-xa yiyn lypmnyoavx iv lyaaixpvya pr,x 
fyp ,mo^p px ^Rnsc ,ty?n'a,ya y^xax^v 
-oaynxs-y^xTx x ixa iyo^xn fy- axi iyc 
?yaxia ny^xax^vxa nyn pa aanya 
y^xnxonyo xn |ya^t oapnya^x 
drii ,oayoxiaia x *inx opaya jynxyno 
»t .jyaypnyax on jyatyp' ^yoonx^VRD- ,td 
oxnna pa oayoxnaia ayn nnx in jyvo.^ 
xn tx n^xa iwi'i : lyaxt "t .anoaya^x 
tya^s iopo ,npnxonyo p>o ^ipx or>anxn 
pro iyrn iopo ,iyvyTya px fy?nyayaya^» 
•ixnoiyoaix pro itaca ,1X13^ 
■ayn pa oaix^nyn- nyax o^nya dki 
o^nya dxt -tyoiy^x "ixa o^nmna on ,\yv 
nyn. xn ,na 1'iya^x at^in pa os,^nyn xn 
oxn pyonoaya^x pa ,]V^^ ayii pa oax^ 
mv anoaya^x pn Tin fyranyaiv t?x 



17 



pitS^KS TpfipsaiK p« JKBTPS 



173 



mv invmtw) pr &:vd nyn .y^RnRtanytD 
•fyft pR ,ijk^ ^y~ix roR^a mx rmi piswp 
vuw'? ton pa yn^oDM rh .twnRii ny jya 
-rrbp rh w ,*m»ii Tnup oijnjin ya^»y 
y?« inyj ajiayjvtDyryj rh ,Dayi dri. ,iyo 
Dima dkii r aim Din *pir nyo^ii pR lyia^n 
ny-i pa otfaj"R. D.yn pa jJiSRwaR ijn is 
j^jynax inyo r^K ixnyu "t .yHRDHya 
.nina y-iy-ijR tva B»>tM?ya pr 
-ranya pa p« irpws pa &wnfe 'Tjn 
p« lyiriiw r^R anim [yjRnya pa »n 
.natfe *un pa pR Bwojiri pa iyay^ 
nyn finjm pd srsjnfi nya^yr nyi pr 
ytaJR'SRj r,h jynyaDjyn.Ra ms twynRiJis 
lyay^nittfip jfttujpvits Din S»m ,yjRna 
rmi yHRDHys pa ax lyjmjni 5y^a Djuyn 
.peg$ jjb , 5»BW$jNjn pa tyi^r y~iyn:R pa 

.nysnNS -p -tt 



,dd"dd pR ,tjnuniMri& l 1 * Mtf*vifi rh 
-jys rh ,*u*tf pa lyvoyryj stt'tagrfM »h 
y^RjR'SRj kh .n -t .x pawDttiTOB y^Kno 
jyiyn ofr'VMWaK nyax f.yjyp lyDinyDrR 
yiy^ fN »t ps f fyDynyDrK yjna^R jtiwi pa 
pr natfo ysjRJ rh |hri ,drJ'Rdr ir'SKJ 
y5R:$'SRj yDRjRDR ya^yiR pa njnaiya r 
D*iyu nyn ^n.n .-iyi:y5 pa lyaR t^j ,?yan; 
•^yo ir^srj "lyiy 1 pa ny^t^D uny "Ra 
-rj- jnjnoK pa jn^ynaR d^ ,"ia pn is 
d s d ly-manya ^JWRnya pn is p« jyjR>s 
.^■•vkj pn pa "lyny^D^D pans'* y^8 
,5mdw ayn pa D>naya tnyu B>jyo lyi 

.an jyj^yais ayi 
jyjpDS^R ayn nxa Bftw Danmya^R 
-jyo y-iynjR t^o jJi^j^K-iya kh \yvxto 
wv\ ly^n^a dkii ny *ft\ WP^n o«ii ,?y^ 
.nwac kh nni y^i ynyrtDani ^y^a x ,iy 
kh t^aiD^iya nnn« BD'SBGM&ftnoN kh 




P^co^xb nyb^n'K ;ik ;j;wt^b 



.(Di^y 



d^i ryj^r cTWJimi yjy^ rs .wvn dint tyo 
TlDR n^aiyn ;y^t3D^«^^D n?^x umyj 
.rya^ayj nnw^n ]vi"i nsr, ,yjy^ jyrn 
t^n win i Diaiwi jwuaD^B»5»$o yt^^y pv^» 
tyn n^j tyii .a .5 .d nyn pa rwyo, yta^s »*». 
eo»»n .DiyBiNii nyiijj onyaays my^nya 
h D'n^a'yjD^s wjn »nDT«s n;, ts Dtp 
nypoifi h d^o ni ,tp ^s rnx h ..."t^h 

tffire T» D3ST PW» W»$ IJ» : Dl'Dv^^a 

"isa P« ryo ,yD«^3 px ai>*p nya^x iyDa^?p 
pia pit^ D';sn tyo rs ,-iya^ d^ j»?8 iyax 

PR tynvyj .a .5 .d h asn isos pn 

Dfcp 1900 t>N ; DttlRTl 4000 |pD»lUBmr|B3 

?ya«npyj «o*i«b B^'DRnpsoy-r.-^^RC n 

T S N ^^»B> TV11 ,1901 }>,K ; DD1N11 2035 18JJ 

nyn pa Dyp>D ayi nnx ir"» isa fysiR^yj 



•ya tyayn^yj pr 55M>»tr«s nyjnRa p v : 
nyn awm*?)! nyDvy^ nyi isa ij> i : tynRii 
?RT5 jyana^R i'ir drh tRt^py^y pa DRD^iTin 
"l.^a y^^w?R v iRD n ^:^)\ ni ^yryniya 
■irtii |jmj»»d»5b^uc ay; inyn^iya 6»^-»n3 
yr^c^^R^RD n D^n wDyo^R dvidd .nyD 
iRa d«;t 3rh ts .ddirii jy-i^iya ^an^a 
ypi ?yn ,pnw imp « ^n ^^j tDjRtyjo^R 
-ma h nya^R n-no» d^o ^ia rviiya t 1 ^ a^iy 
aRn tr w\ .ddisii w^fiD^^vifo Sn^v yo 

■■•DD^R^RD n pa ^D R TR ,DJNTyj D^RDRl 

-mp nyi ay^iv iycipyr,v jyrn tya>D^ y^ 
mir "t typ "tfiua n tr pr p^iDD-jy^ 
nRTiyj ^r drh n w^ mi jyiy^iya ut^ 
ti)"n .Dya pr jyiiy: i^d h.^k ryo tns f \y: 
-rd nyn pa jjny^piy y^y^ ,s aR >t drt t^r 
"iya drh n mtr mi r ^cn'RB tjnsmbd^ipv 
,1^-^R] i jjnnR ,, R*iRa pa DtDiRn »i jyiR^ 



176 



ESnpiS K"H 



18 



wx y5x spir .*n*n*tfRp pa typ^D^ns 
p8 ,"matt R jyispyi tajytyja^nR ph t#a 
T8 tny^Piy dsh r^» *iyi pa ^btosm nyi 
iHSfj n tywfcnp toyn orp Sypnyis p'P 
ryr^yja-in tyo i$d jjrpjjn nyn pa aati 
-rb pr ay ,nip .niiara ayn na rynyn 
h ijynbiyp .wimp o'y^Ra *pw /pdvi 

-'tDRnpRDyTtJ»ttD ,, 5>V3RS ".1 0811 "1HK 1 liiyi? 

-5yT8 na wo &gn ,tny:iyn tD»n irb>p'b jra? 
thotj^ "lnK." 1 r tro .tanwnyi tro ivd^t so 
"H ws&wssn PR »pkb pr pnw tsa^Rn 
•two na p«*n» 8 tyoipynRa DpnDD 
lynsiiyj BTDUKnjrr t*r p^idd Dyn iJinnyn 
Tj^RtPa&p ;yr» x na t^yuytWRnyaiD 8 
■UtrtufB^vB ayn triimRayaanR isasn nm 
ijnupja ix tyc^n^D jypw 5rt ny hrwi 
-yj ny tr ,Dny5p~iy nyax. drh ny f w"e n 

D01P *PD "3 (* JVUMJ T»3 D'J Dy B^S 
-H \^:>if DDIRII y&5"t3D'5 , R' l VRD H T8 ,DPX 

-np yj'ttt'R n 18a ^tnRPDJR"iya dps~i 
,onR tonyr Dy pi .,8*78*^8? PR W»? ys^o 
-vbd^rtvrd n pa ,ty»nyj 3J85 b^j oy cyp 
tyny?j"!8 tyftpi rtrhr^rp na onyDiRn yjj> 
tywi tin ny^nya 8 mbojh jya^n »t tr 
-yn n pr jytDD^isRa n tons ukhtpb tya^o 
tyoDpyj Din "a wa Da"^y*a ,iy»BnPBO 
■ytyiiya nyn T8 ,"irp8 drh jo^d 8 .p.»se«p 
twr uri»t pr ddirp "njanjrmwrD^i iyi 
■Ji8 t'R Ty»iiK r oe>n Tna ,pw tynyw nyj 
-yj Dn rya^n »t d^ii ,ajn tyayp yjRpp 
"a Djwnui^n irb dw^drj p*p DaRn 
•^318 lya^yn p* na ,\wmfiy iywy$ nyn 
-D^«o?B8p„ "wan ins ,iyt3«nno.»p-iyt3 
.|yD k snnjNp "y^^. 
r s N ty^y: jyrn ryDD^ia^a n tor ?a 
-y:i^ tjhj»3tk jan»PHiri»ii n i?J"t ,no»<! 
-iv tt ^s;t jjny^xn n fix ,?yn«iiy: Dnxii 
-iBo^s'v^D n .tWiiTJnwa yny^r ^ jyiyn 
iyii r« ,tiS!D"n *n*n^$p na Diyomit yy 
tyD^np^Dyn n b^d tyj^^Kiya ^i jy^r "T 
DBimi aijyj »t tya^n ,iyDD^ia$a n ps 
na TjMyimwwirtWta n nyT ,1 ^ivD i n^ 
xw»BD^-?»»snjtfa n rani .AanywB»»D nyi 
is^yii r^Dnsa D^iS ttjta d^' D«n esni "truss 
"3^j"s \yo onytaiwii yctaD^s^sso H Dy 
- :fc? tayii "truje w^^ti&^K^^o n n« ,t"ii 
-d'd jn'n»n lie ^d s pk wmkii jHjpk jyiy^i 

.iyT"D»a 



-»YtD yj"P iwixw ts^j n«"» nsa tDsnHis? 
■s'xsd h na beSsn ^i "vnya ; ddikii uyt 
"nrvay;,, xt^s jya^rr DnyDis^ yiB^oD^ 
-Din /tn&a i^a^^-r^^v "iy~i »»o t">s 
t^n Dj«t5T nirn ,tn^«B p« ww: p« ya^yr 
"Tiv : ts"» i«a lyas^w- ?xd lyt^vy^ ayi 
-»n onyDisn jwod^^imjb n n.a £y&m 
.lyryniya dwwi jny^t wn .tsawyi ^i ,tya 
■jSB'n o?tf rwtva nsa wiyj twn "t tjs 

"IWI y^J n 1^3 tD^J TN .CIH t3T"11 Dy .iSd 

n{$j ,1902 p« lyDipyais \yy*i dsii ,DiyD 
■"T Burin** "~n "i»fi pa DiyDiNii n i^ax 
jw^a "lytap'iuBisp inyan:vK„ ^nx jyj 

"jjwxopH©,, 
tyt^iya n«n bmi nyinyinx^nisa nyn 
■o^d D«ni onytsiKii ^d 'N nsmsa ?!s;"t oy jb 
"tMsa nytj'^tDD^s^sD "lin wn tynnrDsa 
tyD^D^ w tainya iyi"t "T djjt ta^n ^t* 
jynip Dy jjm .BDyD^na d^s w^d. in** nsa 
■yii "t ya^yii tia tya^aDyasB yop\yj n^a 
"iyaK bikii "iyDvy^ nyn ; mnyaa^K t,sn 
nw jytoasnya Dnytsiwi yra^yn m ,tDJ»*s 
yj^D pi fy"on»a y-\yii$ n. p^n^ pt» cs 
TT tyasn U"*ia yoia ya^D^oynBosP^x 
■j»p-nyD"a*i» nsa tyt3i«Ti "T ..Disnyj3"x 
n nsa n«^ "iyi» .Diyoisajn nxa .ryto^nn 
d^k "t "a tDoip Dy kpi ,ty"B"i8a ytt5s 
■d^k^sd nyn pa ojyo"? dns> Tnm ,n.ya^^ 

* * * 

n^» ty^yn i^py^y nytDopyi nn "a 
-»p p« jw«na sis tyasn ^^i"^nn^i n»J 

-^D^^YSD H Tin P« 1902 p« .JpSIS? 

-»p^aiayi 8 tyntfiw nyDpy^y dowm xw 
TT Das» tntja^D nyDD^D .n^nyii^ nyj 
."a^n m^„ naiyn a«n »/n D«n j'OB^ 
nytMPK ti tainta d^p ? »'j ^p».» DjjnnBB ,w 
p« pjPxit^Dw&p n ? msis^P i>k m 

T^K DpnDDH"iyj"D 1jnPJ«l 8 ,BCttBW)Btf 

nyn^aiisi-rx^P ; ni»»B'x-Dij , nyi85ya P'« 
m m *un D8ii oxn^tDsnts .o^ajyaya px fyvp 
^t iyo ^-ryaya s lyayjyaopns B^n- Dan 
D^n nyaa n^nyns: nyi ; tytsfepiK "t 
*ipk tytsas ta^ ^t p ,P'^d nyn tya"ny; 
,BD^8piB«p 8 tf 'br .Danyi pa ^nyaya ayn 
tyo D8H ^si^nsansp & pa n^Dpynn 8 
-ay^ya prHi iy D811 ,n«anyn tavyryaj'ns 



19 



p^7$S -1JHD«2"1K ]1K JKOTS 



175 



-yaatf JVDD^ljMJ'TrD yB»tt«nP8ByTB"ttD'5> 

7000 y#n Tin »pg& d^dd ayn tynxr, 
"t T» ,nysn »t tw»i axii D'e .dbinp 

->?$B n IXB ? twnppni* 30,000 H fyftm 

.SswiPtroP »m ptk dp^d^xb px dwb 

raiv typ win »>j i^ax ,b.to yann x 

.jyw 
"bto j»»»omwjttMn n &xn 1896 px 
dtodx^b ny^xax^'xa nn>x px gpDUftttg 
-$t Din .oax^pax^na^x jyaya .DpaiB x 
pay 5a Djn ana ."pay^a Dayi,, jyaisaya 
-"*n8 ibujsd D^xnya tyttxnPX»yn n tyaxn 
iy"&TO "m n pa ya."« tx ...Dmxir-iya 
jyayaivaxa p»? nw nyau *K3 oa,"/i ctfxii 
na ,"bto lyeupD^rvge nyn Dxntoy 

DD1X11 yt5»DD^8"'¥8D 280,000 H fiWlTp IV 

ii^p pk .DXTnaxp-DayTnnB nrpic to 
aaxpya Dyay px dxh ,aya"x tiny to 
-xa iyiB»i»pnyn» n pa nytap8TO oyn d*s 

.ty^tnxa mbwp" 
-xa ay-i iv rwnwiyaw PT8 iwt to 
oy oxn "ty^D-nxa yg»t9D'?BD'figp, f ty» 
ty^BTO yta^8 $n-"a n Dxn ,mx tt can 
pa "kyojnttnya ypy^vana -p^p-mi tya^r 
n typ *n ,PT8 anx .wdppbb^bsp ayn 
?-j3»nwriv oyay »t pa yD8?pn.yt3"an8 
tx .taawyj B*a "w pk .oayDBny ,nyax 
i^ax fyaaniv tr:i typ s»»0p-nytt»an* n 
»mn«fi y^MDO^s^BSP ytaDixnyaayox^p x 
tyaxn v» .tyaanynxa ya^nya tyayavsa^a 
nyu .D8^8a lyo^nya ayn xpnyox px ssn 
-TO yo^?. n tw tyn ,jyayaya arpx ggn 
n fyjjnyjcix »t "a tyaxn Din ?ty"D 
tynya "ixa jyrn «t ram ,to"5 ns dd«j 
x px tox^xa "lyD^nu/J nyt d$t .p-naw? 

tytJ"D^83 Dm pX STDtitni Wt33'11 WW 

-n^B yis»8D^BTSWD Tsa Diyn^rya ,ns»8p 
yj^ts i^bk ^^x an^j ,tp5wii d«i — ty^u 
-ypiv^ d^j, tj^K ny^yj ya^D^DsiaosPJiK 
lyayi yyty: wm ph ^ya^^a "jjrr^w .ry^ 
-ya n d^t .Twwa n pa a3njnj»^:"K n 
nyj ,, ''» ^^j t s « MVuru»iii"K pa jjipjy-iL" 
■ivj'Tfi n tyaya px nyi^^PSim' "^^j aawo 
-n^nn^D ny^us^wiytDJ^R nyn pa fya 
yw d>j pk j»«5pnyo"3nB iyn na Dyo 
•«tn nyD^ans ytsnn^snut n .^*t nyi iv 
t"P tyr«£rn.8 d.^j 5^t ryo ,Dny-!^ay: jys 
lyatjn »t ^^i .^ra pa lya^aix yr^a 



* * * 

jytaanD^R n tytaasioya n^»^ lyD^x 
.ttjyinyia to tst$>py?y nyuyoip njn. tia 
dbiwi n tD'o D«n .DjyayiyjD^X' a$n th 
ryoipya D^n^ 'nansa y^^o^s^^D n d»h 
typ Dxnjjsp tnxa istypy^y nycvy^ nyn »*» 
ny^Dpyj njn pn 5«t nyii ,njn * tya^n ■»? 
"»oyn s iyi$ ny^p^aiayi x : DijnnyiE 
pk Ji^ayn v® tx ,b:i$t prnjas^D .Dinp 
-yaj« p« tyoiaw d^ a«;n ^^ 5»mi ,t^sa 
■yii rNt^py^y ^^ynnyia x »a d^t Da^no 
?y?yii si? 8 ,ddikii lynnyD jyayjyjs* tvi 
cis^a,, n fyasn d^ n-^a lyDD^s^sD n 
1900 p« p,s ,iy D3KT ,pns' pj ."lyixa v,« 
143,000 nya^ tt^o «»jisp*5a\ajh ty^syaya 
pa dbikti 33000 h fyo»nipa dsii .Dtaix'n 
.m^as^D »a i "truss lytj'^D^s^sD nyi 
nya D^yiitn v\w p« ,Dnyr IiTk »ii 
tyayayaas rypn dsii .Dtaiwi y?s d>d nansT 
.pmv nnx 1 nya trn ^j^p-pyo nsa fyi^iiya 
tD^yiitn tx ,rynyamya nyax ^^k typ t» 
ny tx ,"iyan '•its o^ iiju -^n «a t^n P^b 
»ti yt5vy^> n najrvom .Pn^ 1 pj tyn^v typ 
-ya tjyom^&K) "lyasp^aisyi n t^n, nn^ 
tyiibnsa yi^a tia Daw»B»5ija n ;typa- 
"Mtt>"iix x *i8B pi^^ v: nyr)V\N tyttasnbya 

TT Piya^SP' OD1K11 33,000 .n^DD fyfiGKH 

.Da^D yt^D^^a 8 pk oy ; axa t'^lPX D'J 
-jn n *x lyjKP^aiajn n ^x ya^yn cpo 

-aisyn n dxt .tyaayn Tt tytte tyoxiPX^ 
'x^xd cjn to xii» pixd.^ tyaxn "iyaxp %s 
Dpmya ,DDyp^TDxcxo pa dixp ty^^D^ 
t"58 xaaxn pixo 1x11 ,t"BD8P "iyDvy^ iyi 
Dax^py^y n p« yoynytDrK t'x tyoiaya D.xn 
"BP^aian nyn tia yo>D8P ^xax^^a n ps 
iv i5vi to 8 tyayayaa^x dxh ^tonxa *iyj 
■■'oxp ^xax^^a n .tyDD^x^xo n tyax^ 
?yn .oa^py^y y^xpx^ ?'« D^a tt Be^fi y^ 
■ayTtyiB ayi b»o »^3 ma»w t n P dxh oy 
r^pya nyDaya nyi t^x dxt ;p f fitH$P Skw 
■«d tia tytytap y^*DD^x ,, vxD 25,000 h ?« 
tyanx n t'x aaia^nya x tyaxn Dttsnw&tfs 
n tyaxn xnxnx^XP ps .Day^^^xB n pa 
7000 ynnx tyaxnpya 1902 pm tw«*5»psniB 
vxnyi looo pk D8H fy^na naynnyn .ddixp 
aa^a yayrynya dxt t* .nyDnx^xo 30,oo.) 
DiXii y?8ia W& nyn Daxr ,Dp^a jnp nyn 
-ibxb h tyaxn d«x ~\vw can i tynya p« 



174 



toSJlplX KH 



20 



-ts^v pa B"pa^xyry3 n .aayp's ntfyoB* 
,w.$B>w$B>nrK pa utewfitt n ,BB3iy»nJ8 
-nsj'n ,an3]nyay-i "un P8 yvpBB'x^K n 
-frsJ^xnsasna nyns ,3X!BynB*iya"BoyB. 

(* .tyfotsn 
* * * 

ix ts tya^n nya^ais yB^pjsans n 
urv»?'««* tin tt tyna »t tk .rnyBtnys 

KM8B3« pK ,8PB*X3>8*l£rtiSB P8 .«J»B^SB 

ny go*? .(aip'ayr-sp) onrjwnna ti« 

-jsp p* .an^onyo"*!^ tynsiiyj a^nyi* 
*mx isrma $8» tyoBny aix ti/rn ay-3 
838B3s» P'K nyaynaiya iyo»srwtiji^v 
-ay nyapy^y "b*isb *iyB"*n8-i8*3i* 8 own 
nyxy^B 183 8 **83 P8' ; B^MaotfOK ya<5 
"J.8P yny^T B5ynt?yaD*nK B3$*3v n tya^n 
-s^xsa n ryasn ym8a^8P pa .tyB8*rn 
-8B ytn Bx*BtinyB3*K tynnsnnsa jyaa^ 
■"3is y»TP3.«3*i8 n na Hujmya yts>*B*5 
ytn oosnyB asn "B*i8a n mrs* ;*iyo 
p8 08ii tya^srun b.*3 ijju B8n ay ,:ui$n«n 
~i8B nya ,, a , i8"ts i 3'p n< asn &y£y*m38t>85 
_ 8a yjya8ia^yjaM8 r'8 ry»i3yjjs tf'fi* "a 
ay jy^yii td m ,d*i$bb85b y^BB^'x 

•tynyr -tfsa 
5st bsthsb ? psnyi frit? *iyn p« as** 
■T^iya b*3 "ansa ytj"BB , 58 ,, xsB n ""pi 
iya>"an8 yBTPJSJns pa "ansa -8 b*b tyj 

'SB H ? ai8BD8?B W*BB*58*XSB 8 *V18 
"SH TO,,.: "I IX B'S* "BT8B JWDD^IPX 

"i8a bd*bb> , s, b~i83 yransa 8 pra* tya 
'.in n £*11 pi ~ny ,tyB»*m38P yiy?3i8 
ty^ii nya^anx yai'pi&ns n ."oayi 
vi ptfst ay nyn ,njn 8 lyasn v^x *iya8 
nyn pn ftjt a8ii p« tyB>8*in3«p yny^t 
"? T8 ,T^nypyj nyaajy "t .a*T8ao8?a 
-*3V n pa nynyaosP 8 ryanyaanx ty^yn 
ty^yii a8*n tyoasanyanyp rums P8 bjs 
.nyornnis yann^8Ji8 n o*a jyaanypo'D 



^xt "eikq jjhmbi^b yny tn ,taD>»n dxt (* 
-NiHiNp ^inra in>« ;y^py^y is p»t bj-»B3jnj?a 

14 ttpiff DtiyTIC'tSNDNa ^BB»1»2 CIS ,]J?11 .]j;U 
D*1J?131NTI H PS pbT\ iyttl4 |!'K ^NT ,B>>^)Dyi^iJp 

l^N ly^tjipyj itjtypy^y lytasy^ iyi »ia pi«» Dtayr 

.jyaDy^JJ^P 



y^^ynipi8P yt^nyj^a Y i am- osfiiyj »nio 
apjis ; ay^n^ii h typmnyains oyii 

T5/*JiyJ tyBB^8t^B8P Y T ^"T 1-31*13 By*l B*18 

"31**8 pa 3Jip;yii^ya n mvi PisoK' nnyr 
-*t B8ii a-iy^8^'tn8ajyT ,, 8 y^8 jjnynj^n 
tyiiy3 iy3*n tsmawn p8 osjya p« wit 
,^oi8fi lyj&p^aiBjn **r. .ryry: ayn \vm 
nya h p« p8 3 s aayo^8 *iyiDS*« t*8 vtfw 
I,ya*n3 am pa iyajnyo3'K n pa tnyayia 
w a«8i*y3 o*3 ansa *iyn8 asn ^8a H a8P 
n .ryTj;3 ayn jyjy3 ayn338P v>x ?yD*oiy 
n*33"i«Tis.y3- ty3 s n iy»*m8fi yity^oa^so^B'sp 
t^8 *\^-\yi .nya H, an8 n. tyay:wa83 tJn^a 
5»no nya'113 8 ixni : 33iny , 3y*i--ap?8B 8 8T 
-8B h jytio ,ayay a338^nya a*iyai8n *i pa 
y^B^sa .8 .fyayjasJ jy^a"i83 y^a^ 
: iV'tf 8 s n apjia T'8 8PnyD8 pk s, ai8a 

,18 S 3V 8 WW* BB*?80''fi8P 8 DiTK OJJH 

l,y:y3 tipav 8 wan ; rs^i 1 n jya^a ny ayn 
"sa'BSP ajn ;ya ,s a *iy ayii ^a^so'ssp 8 
D3yn nviv ,an'« a^nsxya ay ~iy*ii ; aa*? 
pn nyan a^3 toaas :ya iyp *i»Biy*i .iy 
-jk n nyi8 n. a^r jyrtfyn n ,, i8 ,an8*i8B 
-^i^jyinyia 8 p« pn oyii 'ranxa jn'y*r 
*Tjr38P v ?aiByi n anyaa' aj^n .?8^py?y 
tya8*iP8ayt n p8 ,aac8ia n 18& "truss 
r38J Pi8 ay ~\ym .aaasia n ty:y: ty^n 
p8 i^3y»i38P "lyuyoip *iyi "a T8 ^'^yo 
tyiy^piy ny38P^aiayn n. t* t.y?8t 838P S ^' 
-38P ytj'rasnpsoyn n p« .aaasia n ?y3y3 
^8ii pa 03yn n pk if>KMn« ^8t I8^3yn 
pi'80'ty nnyr *-n ay-i.8aa s 3808a .anaa 
"iya ,tynn , BB , i8 5® n iyn p8 /raartin 
ryxj-83 ayn "ansa *iy38P^aiayi n any^ 
-*n8B'*i8P P8 tya3'8380"aa8"ia n "a rn 
*i83 iyp 'nnsa y^^a8"iP«oyi n p« ,djw 
nynyiiajy .aatjno n pa »on»a n lyiyn 
ayn ty s, a*i8a n pa yiyi3» n *iy*i8 ya"« 
.*iya ,, ai8 n pa Bai8ii n w iyoip:8 tytia 
~i8 a*3. ty3"T nya^ans n tor ^a .T^nyiw 
8 a^ B8 "t jya aaip f ^^a^8a otp383 
njsany»"sn« wn'Pwns t'8 .t3"w*j"?p 
.jy33nyi8a y3,y3"8 ynrrx ty^yat? ?yp "a 
-8^B8„ n jy338^"iya ^8* tvo tyn ,*'^"i , a83 
-*a*?8B n ty^yn "*nyB;8?Pi^"i.n8? pa :m 
inyt I818B lyax, iyj»t ay .lyiyii ana ajy^ 
: jyay3B83 tyjyp »t asii ty33nyi8B yi^aani 
ix ,tyn*08P*8B ix ,jyp*noa ix aayn bst 



21 



pita^s lyta^ans p« j^tvs 



177 



h b^ik .BKWuapTMMn orwoip ?vdd^ 
Bnro«n d:nb>d n Tyaun lyDD^N^p-rna 
iyB»iw nwt? n tyaND Dy no ,ryDpy^>y ^* 
-d^n^nd *ijn pn tj»«3*hs yoTpasriK n 

."truss nj/B"tt 

-ko h tjiDtgn yi ty^yn wntpxsn pa 
n typayj Bjyp nrpK ? dwsh y^BD^N 1 * 
~st dnp tytwyn yjy:sTy:rt8»ttD^8y"pK id 
a^y tyts^BD^K^ND pn ind-inb »it* I 11 ! ?y5 
■«p."iy*T tN tycyjiya n^j iy^r »t Dm ,msot 
-m\ yoso h Jitn ofty nyK»BD^8B*a 
-g'vgo ayn an> tirppBKSt^D tyavn anyta 
H pn Djnyta^K i'n nya* lyonya "t ,dibp5 
-n^nb n n«fl tyona^ .ins lyjKnaoyisD 
*n 'His dpn «t "a dbip "ansa ytJ"Bon> 
."binm ny"t lyanNPDmN,, 

tasn ? eajnwiiK fyvasa pn ».n iyj«T 

-^»B 1;jn PK TT ttliTB Dy DtfP DyT pN W2 

dnh pmv irtw iya b^d ?"b*0 pa pna 
pn DiBP^snyso'K nyn tn .lyay'ntyyj aayn 
4N ^ wan* h ikj anyi d«ii yjNna n 
•nw tnyD&nya w in pira* ryo B3»*n nytaiPK 
D\»r^nyaD^ in .tyBD^N^Na »n ppi 
pn dvdpind^d &*» "iJ'Sn pk "u*n »nyj 
nNJ tyosnx bt»b' d\bpind^d nyn atn 
.yoKftrwais *iyi pa jy&"p n lypn&BP 
bnh yytyi typnyta^o ay"a ayn nyaaiN 
r^D n ktjsokp pn nytaaw taj-jnnyis *un. 
TIB i'k bd"<t dst ,dd"bd nyB^ap n»i pa 
typ ny pK ,ryBN^ND w^n \ytfm n pa 
.rynjTDB on pk odd p»k pa jyp^ »t 
am m panyi d^i -nD i«p i^j mm wo 
.nyD^aiK yuTP3wn» h wm tfyw* t»n 

-d y d D»n mymtm ^id s Tt ty^ayj D-y 
nynx ,DiDT^j? v i^D ajn cd wd fjn't'Ott 
dtko^ n ^ dj"k r^st d^j n^j »t pn Dy 
yn:N3 s pa Djyn n pn tw^ ^nt pis 1 w 
lyasn ^nt n iins .Dyp^^yDiNp pn d^jj 
jny"t j^D^inya-DnND^ ya^nny t'n 
tsn nu »mnw y^^DD^N^ND n typ ddinii 
tyiyujN d^: ^nnsn ty^yn ^t iyii .tyDipya 
"t jyii pn tyjNnaoyjND n p« yo^DB' nyn 
"ansa y^^DD^N^ND »"s tn .tnvr fyftm 
^in unn^aivD^w oyay taanonK ?"« dnh 
,D^yi\ iy:y n^N d>j .d^jtii n y t 
►pin ,3jr» nyj>v:^N njn t^n isbwd 



"iv dnh jyn dnti ty^Nt w ,vt rynDNnya w 
-yjj^N inN jyrn ryDD^N^ND h ; ind 
m .33«"o iy"T bum pn ryoip iv ijhn^ 
-d^n^nd h ixn dnh ? pn DnyiJN dn*t typ 
DpJia ttfyusnyj o^ p^n ^dinb yt^D 
?D^NaNJNH^N pn jN^yi^NP ixn n»a nrs 
■^DBTPSwn ^n^nd nyn jia jnpoipyrpy n 
■^11 tyi^t «t tn Dny^pny dnh "tangs iyw 
^DNnpwtfiovND n pk jnyjivj^ns lynsp 
nyas Dy tyagn »t ,D^?.ps5 d^n "onss y^ 
.Daynyj n»a ww tyrn »t pn D^iiyj »'J 

*;«n T^N "D1N3 y^tD8np»Djn?8^»D H PN 
I "DINB yB'vDD^N^ND N WW2 D^iyj 1*1^ 

-pNna-DjjiD^^Dp^Na,, yDJNJyJNt n nyjs 
simjn tyjND^ya pn .a .5 .d nyn pa "t«^ 
tjd ijn iv t<yo^£>:N ^n taxni n nyn^N rs 
lyasn n ^ii ,"d~i^s nysj^esnpsDjn^s^ 
pn ^>nt "DiNa yDj^^Niya h ni ,itjn n 
"dn^s *irp.N tyon? ^nt Dy m pn trppiwis 
rynyi iv jyD^^ya own h tyn .dinb 
DiyiiN tttj inN "t ryjyp .dp^d^nb pn 

'"tJlNS yUJ^DD^S^SD H DN1 .ntf-uBn 

5*11 ,"%» yagaj^N ntn tnyD^nya ts*a ^nt 

? 3N "liTN D^NH ytJ'T-DSlI .jyan^J D^J TN 

yDniyj n ni d^b^ DiDPDsnDB3 _ "BnsB 
-yj pn dnii ^ik ,nyaN pin n^p h ; y^m 
- nd nyn "a DiDPt3ijfT;tD8S - "cn«s nyi Dna 
h pk ,nnv y'riDN h i^dinb ny^taD^s^ 
d 1 : DTN^iyn n ,pnap«e ya^D'o«nso*P3iK 
d^d in ryrr'Nnya iv iy»D^8'v»D n 

I^BN Dy jyD ,!y"D"lNB yB'^DD^N^P t^b 

pk ni ongaDN^a yB^DD^N^ND « t»t 
lynyj tyoD^K^PTntt n .Dy^y^njN dn^ 1 
pyDyanya jy^ni »*t ^ni ,dp^'5kb pn 
-d^n^nd nyn nypa d^j .oaiyi yi»5 ny«r 
"NJiN ay n^Na m .tyoiP Sim n^» "iyB"D 

f "t3"lNB y^OD'JK^PTntD N Tt tJTPJ 

h pyo^ iv dwb^ss n "a in ^a»n 
-:n h nrrs "d^b p*k nynyii^jy pn ,Dnn 
-din"ipn Pn d^» ^n ?y:N^jN bop yiy*i 
Tno n .DN*piJNPnyD"aiN ayn pa Djy» 
: •n^jnyiiya dj^t "dinb y^^DD^N'iP 
?B«rrnJtJP nytiiK tyiPttKnyojiK d^ii nn*K„ 

0*D "D1N3 y^^DD^N^ND H ."D13 n»3 

truytaBisiK ya^yiK nyajiN no p^dpnd nn*K 
■N^P'^nD iyn b>d nan dpn iynyp t^nb 
lynya iyuD*j»*jp"i»nt3 ."diss ny^oca 
-•n^nd n ,iyD8T"U8p jnyn ty^yD^DniN 



178 



tasnpix an 



22 



Din *pik tywiya "i8^P y:\& dv tssn isoteai 
">\\ fyDD^nniyn n .a$tr"tM83 nyjynyn 
nay 58t jPomwasnS&'vijD n t8 n^J ty5 
oyn iv Tt Kwypya iv hdid nyn tya8n T? 
ypnaD'^vt&D iyj8pnytt8 n .P8 n e«ii 
D3"?j. dsu (?)yrvj"8 n Dj^n P8 "tnsa 
..."wxtfsw j;58's»d„ 8 p8 to* 
"dbjipiv,, nyi p» ry^tns jn 1 ^ PK 
pu jy^tn-s ynyo 8 p» n« ooosntj iy:yn 
"ttWipD,, n Ts typnya t« asn "Dtnyima,, 
fina ruw tnrrayao^K »im "I¥*!n5tfi3n y5 

H Tin P^S B'J UK ,"1853 DjyjtfSBD^K,, 

-ii8P n .tJWwaaPP 1 * n .yo&5pny&"ai8 

-»nttD n ,Dy^83D8p-Tya **? ,tyana-jy5 
nyn .wsaySyo n ,&o$*id^"5& nyi ,dt8P 
183 yjnw ry5yn w»n n?s P8 i8*iay5yD 
-yn iyi pa nnim tynijyiiya^ jrunas n 
-nya yo85p-5yt^» n Dyn njn p« jjvtjpj 
-d^8 ty5yn npa» n jmnaww** n ty» 
ay*r pa, ijnjni tajypnyjs ry58* "t T8 .txnrpa 
-jm tan^'pnye taini B»irDB"snK n ; ryrya 
8 inn tjnyu &T5iayn ty5am Dj»m»tt ; m 
ty5yii 018^1'' n ykm .tye^asirDHnyayi 
-8ay5yi iwrt pa lyDsnoiya vpy^i pn 
nyD"niK 183 tyri8T &im dsbbp njn ; ryta 
p« ywtwps^K n ; sn»S nns lynya D8ii 
aainyitnya-DDyD^arn tw anainyayi iyi 
P8 nyn 8 yos^p-nytD^ans iyn ?yaya jy5ini 
bu ji^ynn, tya&t y58 n Ibiayavyrya ijn 
-qvp tyn» tayii ty» .^yo^ pa BftsaaurHS 
| .lymrya «? na nyiy^ n8a axs&rrarifiR' tya 
8 PR ajny^anyt^anR yayawnya yny^ 

.^av nn« ta pn"8 pnv> 



-myj typ "tnsa ytyBD^xRo n rya5yn 

* * * 
t8 t33^o "DDiyin8a„ pa nj9^*bi*np 8 
-"•DD^ttsD "uri iv ddwr tt ysyjyta v* 
,tyay;yaiv \"5x *$i sign tk ."ornsa "ijw»" 
-8ny~i y^8 v v8D 8 ^i 1 ^ in Dan ?y» a^ix tk 
P't3p8t3 ya^D^D8ia»8PJi8 n t^8 w^xi? 
n. jdt 5a T8 5m yBTDtni yd ;rt:an n83 
Dnyj^ iyn:y5 y^8 pa y^8"iP8nyi58 , v8D 
bphsq pa jyi8a tjnyj^xtfsiijn nyn n^K 
tyu ni :^an ^1T8 Dp:ia t'« Dy ? otoy p8 
r« in ryan^p tin^K n T8 ,iyJ8t 58T iyo 
T'^a ryj8t »t 5vii ,5x1^' ns 18J 1905 
P8 Dpn.8D .n^SenVa nKew n^5 ; jyjii8T 
■^d^io8P„ Qin jyanr^yj' {yagn Dtyuv 
"jn nyi nsa ryt28J8o "i8a 8 "ofiBfi^^so ty^ 
-"318 n D8n D58»yn .1848 pa wxtfsii 
yt^^n8a Dtsmyj o»> yyny piu yos^pnyta 
-8^80 n "18J tD-^a tyi'n D58»yn .yoayn 
Ti« iyD8iP8or:' y:T8i^nia n iu ,tyDDn 
-ya »t iya8Hi mna 8 .ny^xtfsnyn lyyiiyj 
*}?ivv pyii8 t^8 nya8 d^v nyjy> ta:n I osn 
nyo^ai8 n .tronjvnrtiv nya^n 8 m 
tyoipya nynjy5 yrttam y^« 1^8 ogn yos^p 
"8D t^P w^ 38D _ iVD^n p8 .ttaynD^tM? 
-85a pk lynn^aD^P iv ry:n p8 tytsD^^x 
-8D8P n ."r8 , vi58iiy"i y58 , v8D„ 8 tynyj 
nyi &d &} pw BDna» yngyntD tyasiDD 
rjjwcuyByi'W in jib D^aiH ny-^^psn-a 
-y; Bj»'fi d>:. t>,s o-8i .y^8nP8»yn58 v V8D 
y»o»n n tsjn m« pw onw cy ,tyn8ii 
?8» ty^Diy div D8ni "tn8a y^^ons^sD 
.aKtDDa'n mv nyoyiDnya i,t« ttfnymy 




23 



tan-na nyn 



179 









."mvsttyjpun,, d'-ii^-p ^ T"vtf"na pn wd^d *iyi) 



,Daaay: tan id nyn /-pa ais-r fya^try 
f aa8nay::yDB8nx mw yatnyaaiK k-h 
r wanv83 main a"<D r« -pa pD 
,aKnp:«a tt any^pny nyn^ff pa teTp-w nyn 
,a$n tb jyagnaanss n^T 1 pa oyn d^8 pa 
..^ya^tay: tb Pita a^ts^Trjnen p« 

::k^> pw jy^ixy: dtk am$ tk — tai: pa 

pasta « tyBays « ain pa PpiK a«n pN 

;tyay^> pa ::i»tx nyn r« assay: 

anaiiy: pa assny: tt aD^nay: t« a$n n^n 

anKatry: nanya nyxnsnt? pa a^a p^atr tt 

...jyay:y:nyattK a^ ^ar^p tt 



,|yta pa "teTpny pa nya-w n;T t« a^: b^n 

,]yny^y: |yTn p? t^ a a $ : ^ ^ys^a ^ 

,nyaa^ « a^a dtk n«a tt :"a tk 

c|i$n tk ,nmT3K a^a tra^a pr tb aa^atr pK 

,spa nyn fyaaip ayn nyaystr i* nya* 1 : tk 

...nyaan «•»! |y^»Ts nnya w: tyn'a pyn 

,b3Kb y: tan td ,Dp:a nyn jyaKta'y: 
,M8n«n»fl na nyn rjyaKnay: pk p»n asn 

• . • jynTnanKa n^yaisa aany: aita DKn 
ta^aty nyn pk aayn pK pan nyn n,K: Bay 1 ? nKn 
/jiyx oyn a 1 ": aa^nny jyay 1 ? pk -pK a$n pK 
...jynrpa atyiryay^ td a:yay ny 



Tw ya^a^K pK jya a^nyxsa — ny b:kt — anan 

-\^iyi a"»D ansvi dkti ayn asyxisna -|k: a^: pK 

jjy^Kanya nans ]"p a^ any: ay 

,«an«a t^« ::«*!? dsit fyay^ ps :: ,, '7nn2 nyn 

•'TD^n ps DTis ayasn p.s ny aTta an«n 

....]y^n«naty p« |yaita p« nya^n y$: 



dd 11 : n dkii ao^na pn ,|^ann na 8„ 
! aanaiK ]yw ^t ,mam yoon kh 
: )y^«D a^: |y,Tta pp n^a ao:yp n 
atayny: jaip d'ts ^Tp^tr nyn Ta asn ay 
,a^ s any£3 a^yn nyn f]^« a^n n y jyayn nyn p« 
...^nyxsa nnya ain ayn ny ayn a->: 



^ 

^ 

* 
^ 






: 






^^F^^^^^^F 



^m^ 




ItttUSDOIfip 



M 



) Bajipis *n j?k p^a R 



PN t3D"Pl CNT ,taS3ipiX NH Qiyn^ DIDT'^N'XXD DJTI,, 

.^yaya bdip-ir ".ma nyn tik "iyta<>:nN ojn y>:^ lytaany 



•y 1 d«m pr kmi ,Bjn"5pya iynw tayii ?y» 
PR ij/: 1 ^ *.n earn iy jyn ,jyDy Byn nyi 
tynD Byn oy mm r wwis Byn ny jyii 
d5r jjnnwe Byn nyii pr ftmw rh wo 
-yj iv jyBnRmy Byn ny inrpa ;&jyTTjn& 
nyi p« tyay^ no wrunfrw wys r ry^s 

PR DR*T WIS f BDRB>5yW *iytJ"BD^R^RD 

jw&disrbir no tirwow tsn-oyj bqr pf 
,nn nyiD p^tw nyas t* ayii ny .nyamcj> 
.^yp^triK p'» p« okii rt jyan Byn iy urn 
p^'nm i^a nyBDRna r — tr trj b^ 
tyasn onjnnjtf yDm;i ynyniR i^or irj — 
no y^n rh nn *wr jyBuyj b^j 5rd p*p 
twsr»5jWi"M rh ryam^ya w ryrr ;ruj r 
ty^jyo rh Km ,Dyj"Dy:tfK pK i^bk pr 
.DD»B>?yTya woww "an PR fyay^ jy^yn 
wbpSr^rd n-yr .nwaj tyj$t uwa bd"h> 
-niBRJ R Rm nm &BNB>jyDm R nya$ p« 
■ftm .yoya R.m ,y^K^a sm ,BORKoyDm 
.tyBjynnyaDpy *pir tynsyB jnyn pna ya 

DR1 .!WJVTfr2»»K SplK B^ pR tyBPXO *P1K 

T«no Bycmn pr jyjyp "vo drii ppwit 
-$py rh pn^TiBc pr ly^nsswasj &u :pr 
~iyo ny-; pa jmyB^rc yfepKgD pr jtc"»r: 
n*p »n no pr bmn-utworj pr B^njyjjxa 

RH JJ1DDM R TO DRU ,yD^B> tOTS 

.BBJipiv iyn pxi tyonyjH Byn jii^pmBjy 
■»a hi* Rm .ya^yr-Bsn nw t^r wd jyjRT 
.tya^n^ya ty^yn n^R b^ti vk »n\ ^y^o^ 
lyi^ayi d»j ^rj t^h Dya^yii ,-irp &un R^n 
pn oy Byn w rrynyroMXi Byn .msny: 



nyi ei^iR anjyayj pip 
nyn By 11 .Ban^nya^ 
.ryj^B 'snix iwv$ 

RH DiTK ^yil ^K T» 

k^i n^j b^j jy^n^D 

■»:.Rpy PR y^'B^RS 

PR yrayBK'^ ^^» 

■rd -lyjpBs^pw "ijn 

PR R^n i^a» "irj .BflRK'^yryi yt^BD^R^^ 

Rni .tyB^aiR pirn iRnya nyny 5bw.'« 




:iyj"T typ'taiN iytn i»e y^ynp tosnn xn (* 

",]|J»»1^»jn y^N'SND NH" '.'•PDBIRP ^"IRp 

"N^p n" ".iN'si'jNnyT jy^N'XKD iyn n«i JNta n" 
-«na nytaiisiy nyi'' ",1789 pa yxyrjyjiyjjyD 

-p^n'x^d nyi p« »ina «n" :5>yaya bdi^ir 

".y^ys yiyoiK,, ,"dio 
-yr ^n^kd nh D«n„ :Bay:pay^ D^yn^ii 
".ly'bm "t dkit p« jyj"t jytaNipsD 

B'O DlDT'^N'XKD lyT T'N„ nyDOOBRp ^10 

pniKVi,, "?"iN3J"Kiya iitaKj lya^t^jyo iyn 
"pmtajy ya^tas^taB* p« ytyo^ypy «n taiytaB* 

"?^i^ 
".D'DpBis p« ynxynta d»ik„ :Dyn^T IRB't 
-«is»jd dis M^pnuwy «n„ ryn^ynnyniRin 

yaiynyD «n p« diot^k»s^d„ :n*iyo Rpnjy 

".BBgtMyDMi 

«n„ ".Dp^ntay ny ^tagn,, nyojyoD Bnyanyn 
".mynK^pB* yj'tasj'p 



25 



BBJIplX KH p« pHB « 



183 



tjik Ti8 tyait Bayip-jyaintp ytpiBD^KB 
"Wbjik |yflinfi*niy& ix pk otEmnvnsEprut 

pmx pk lypyipixas "T ho ,jya8D kh 

D»l B"11 8^1 .DIBPSkiXSD |1fi fyBSKPJ IX 

■'wi iyty:? K'i ty^t .ry^i^yj to Djm 
:tJtt93K3 ijy^yTi TR B^sn T^t piR *i«j ,iy? 
nyi8 'trw iv pit lyftm ytunya yj"D a^8a 
-$b lyi bij rT;i^ Din. pk pk .b^kb txjkt 
.TKnya piB "ikj ,didp^kix 
* * * 

"dbjipix,, pa nyry£ njn tk ,t8 anyj tr 
8h bib BJBpya p« B^yppiBjy 5yia ink pk 
.BnyBtsnya ny tk ,TDsnyt3^ ypiBDi^KixKD 
Biy^pyjDPK &} vxi bibp"pkixkd ny*r D5J-:- 
,58dk5 bij tk ,bbp yji^p yw "tyrR kh pa 
Iran dpibb Jisp i^"»qn bij pk atay b^ 
»N -T8J .didp'pkixkd ayi i y a 8 t? y a 
,db*t lypiiya pk Dny^piy ptfa ms tyasn 
-a^pTn nyi pk pis? BTBDNpy ay bkn 
y-iynia TRa tk ,tytyipya tyasn »n ;B"p 
.ajuyuya ya^a^spyj k nsa Bnyj tW'iK 
jit'nnjfjnnntJijj wa yaftni 
TW BnyBtmya nyry^ njn .bidp'wxso dix 
»«^8P^ k .a^yn^Ti k Km jM»*n srjyay tk 
-ix bij tyjyp jrnjtfa tsa 8 .nyn^iix nyn 
ix b-i.tb ya^ni .tKixtfKNy KH h/b^kh pn 
vwi ink mru ,wMn£$ttin jftroip *wn 
B"x k^ "irb raw lyT^DD^p k tik ?yo typ 
*sn ■;»? ya^yn .ts^tfsnyi k lyariDiriK wj 
ix lsw>SNyn w^„ |jn .^sany pin tya 
.■jkok") I'Ban nKJ Bpnyaya ,ryaKB. jy^m 
-sn ya^yii ,tyss>jyB y&n-mK pa e«r»n pk 
*m pa lyxyryj kh pa bij ai-wmi pip t;ya 

(*"yt:3^yj 
taij '^sj tk .jyjyayi td tyjyp wmn 
'in y^xsD kh oyii jy:nKD bij p« w"n 
ex»K Dnyii Dy ,no» .tynyntDJ^K ts^x^sn 
"siiyn nh d^k ,nytDpy^y tik ton B»annpj 
D"t pi« pa rtyaiTxa^Tx nya^ dsti ts^x^ 
dsii p« ^b^ssp pa t^XKntaayxiijP vm 
Tftjj «h B"t ninj« lyi pel ,"Tjyn nyr^m 
tyiij.njnyD lyn r ny»na*i« «h pa »3?pni 

,iy3»iX«TiJWHS ytDT2^BiXDH BU pN TT 

-DMpy ay T8 ,pnDDi8nya mx tynip iy"t 
iy»»n3 ,n a n-8 p t y d 8 *> p 8 btd 
,)8b avn ix "lymnyi p» "lyoinyj r?8 tjik 



242 yts"t ,UK3 yol (* 



:i5p ,Di8i» nyis jnytj' ,^w nyn^ Fhsim* 

.nn njnn 
P8 ya^oDiij nn tyn ,T4a tt B^yo^ 
y^irnxjKia yain: sh "iKaya yji^ynn kh 
-rtt Kn i8ntoyj jyna 8 iind^m isixi5»Tijn 
nyDm,, in pa iinyj8ix^sv.yn yjHD^«D 
D38T„ :(yiT8i^nia yjiDxiR kh) "yas^P 
-"ix nynK lynyTQiiK ojni «in .bbhspb tiw 
D^II/liTK BJHD 111 "fbattftitja yaiBBJip 
yiTNBJKB yDDyn; kh biq i^bk t^jyo 8 
-i^^'' ayn t^ o*m ,dkt ty^n8oon8 to:ypy; 
-^yo pa tyjuiix y^8 v^ — |y>"T Biynjin 
ipsa P8 lynKiw isniayjaiiK — ryay^ iya^ 
8t T&sa Kin Bi«n ?ynKWTTa kh Tin 
jyansB pn tyi8V 1 y3 r8noy:aii8 pk 5yia 
BiimBDiB^ya b^b td tyiyp ,Bny*T:innn8i 
*8J8py 8H jy^yp BaDiPix njn p« T8 f jyisT 
^yia t^J ?ya»B ix fyjjiiix y-uya^ix y^io 
-nil td .jy^i^pipBjy p8 jy^niiany myn 
MipjnBjy ynyi pbnvtpot ynj ]nyi pk ,rya 
-lyB^ix y^iD8J8py Iia BKo^tyn 8 iHjyuT 
-iD8^8py 8iT. jjnjnjy »»i rwu rypTii ,yr 
Tin p8 BasK'^yryj Txn tia ynjyot^x y^ 
pa tyajinixya kh BiyTjyy: Ti8 ijrani ayi 
piK bi» .jnjno® 8H ix yjnK jy^jyo kh 
TDpnDD y^8ix8D kh Tt Bny*Tjy ay ,m*n 
ix t^ niK r BJnn .BBK^^ytyji tia (nay:) 
pK jyay^ ty^yii ty^jyo rh kt .tyain^ya 
■ix tk b^kii r BB«K8^?yTyj ny^BBjipix ivi 
-Bjy ya^yii jyiyayiDiiK tik Bnay: B^iy 
nyi t'8 jy^yn ay ty^njiany pk lywipyn 
.\yw\ BaKoy; bbjipix 
-y a bib iya8 td ty^yp T^t piK 

TK PK D8T |1K f 13«KT B i i iT B D * B B> 

-y a Dinyi Byii BaK^^ytya yrBa^piv kh 
-xi8; rh Km ,jyay^ niTK fyBB-njuR iyo 
-KB ,tj8^ tik ainBjy^i8-B8'iina t8 ,y^B 
tKivpnKTa pa ,iy?BiD y^» Ti8 pk tyj^ 
-ii8 yv"?np ti8 tyiyn B^yTjxinya w^v 
yrwyB^ix y^KiXKD yjiBXiR ki*? .ainBjy: 
tia BiipjiTjypnB83 8H bib "ixnjn tJn>Ta 
bij nyjup B^yanviX on l«K .yyTyiTBSJ 
-IB*?' b»kiib*ik9:ik ^k^ bkh ay nyn ,-inyB 
♦jruyBB'i.x y^iDKJKpy yaiBinin mm btt 
^ypiBiK ayn po ^yix BBiin nyn ,kt?k 
lytyjyD Kill 06PTO3B1 IX ilt8 bij ,piT Byn 
■ix 81*11 183 ,Ba:ipix *iyi PR tyay 1 ? ty^yii 
-iE8P 8.n. ya^yiv .a^ia^a kh jypiirixpn 



182 



BfinplX Rn 



26 



\m tayii ■sp** "3 tr ,d:rt nmR ?tyta"3iR 
pa oj«n ,a»o pr raw 4—3 r *iRa fyta^ariR 
tmftyany is ij/dv^k tynmya nmR tayii jyaiRn 
o"3-ir tns txn> ,tasy tr ,urp»5wa is PR 

&i} TliR tapy^p ,nj»!> 14 l^BR PR 12—10 

iyta"3"iR tayii jyn r piK» now r jmoyte tb 
dir ?panyn ^yta-iy^a r irjrt hjrwj ?ytann & 
lyno nms oyn ::im!j iytmjNi £rt yx "a 
myoma 5jpd ^j nyiyntaay TmaynaR 
,tyaR^3ity PR ryonRnaw ,"snR3 pa niano 
-yn lytyayta yny^K njrss f ia«ton PR Rm 
.d^k5d p'k o^ynaRinya jya^n ijjhd vt ?y^ 
tyn tyaj^ya «* pus? T'R fctf Dy tr nis^pa 
-ya yc^taD^R^SRO r tyta3msa"R pj* tan 
ta^s nya'"^ dri tDjynii .aaiannR DtaaRB^yr 
Tt tayii "wr pn >nD*iiRDyiRD iy*R pn 
,tjyaw Rsm ynmiR Rn IJwk lyoiyanR 
1"R p« taaRiaya jy»Rnv tya"T yrrtyiii 

".^yry^ 
Tyaaian5i^y3 ysnany ytanynain pr Rn 
r yoRD annua ta>a .tysnnny taiiR jy:ya tynyii 
-a,R.rhya iya»t WDRaya Rn nytaaiR i^aK tri 
r Daytaoa^m tr ,tya-"o yrtfyn f y3?ytN tm 
.a^taan iyj"T tyaa'ian$W3 wn iib ^nta 
tr ,tyrni is p»t nnsi tayii ysRaana pna 
jyaya jWMa^fi^B'W? pel ryaaitasnnya y^x 
^rb nana tya"? oiopSr'srd 



.^yta^BRp nytatmy 

ilPiNtty^ia -lyn dnii ,oy^N„ 

;iyanp yjn; ti« — lyv'nys iyp 

ysiKj « lyamyj is iy3N qkh iy 

(*) ".a&jnl 

jyp^iiya is lynyanya^R ^vn. tr nm^R 
an tr ,tyaaita3nny3 kh jya^t cy e^ue> *»n 
^ii /nyiiR^p^ is jynTB tayn DiDTnwsRD 
"lis tir nyry^ cyi jyaxo DRrpnyoB^R "v* 
-m rh pa taayp-iyas iyi»i ya^yii ,ysyrya 

.DBRt^ayD 
U05uni ,ryrya r t^r »t pb nyta^ny nyn 
■R>a pr ^BR^ayD^niDRa nm t'R ta^nyn 
ryrya nm .y^R^R'SRD pr ^ir iwii y^R^ 
P'R yBiBtj> yi>a yiy tr ,oyn pr tanyDt^ya 
-Ro pr ^^r Rni r niORJ pa iRi^s^Rny nyn 
,br ta>a bbr^ ,D^a banRTiya iyay> ty^R^s 
,drt oy^R o 5 r n y a n$a ,ta^a oyDB^anyB 



.tDDyeoKO iytt"BD<Ji»i<p nyn (* 



■a^mytaaypnyaR-^^syTya nya^s^R nyi lirit 
tayii oy pR jynyn taBR^yasR oyn Dytao^D 
im iki> ,aaiannR ir \jntnyn is rya^naR 
b^a tayii DaR^^ytya nyi pa J^nta nytaama 
onyii jyo nRa ,iy»"am« is dir r T>i?a ty3y5» 
ir ;t y a y 5 1 s dir i y ta ^ a n :r 
pi^ iyn pn'ta^a tayn nyaain an iRiii aaiannR 
tayii ny iRa ,tas^R p:r drt Rm ,d^bir i;ro 
...tyo^aiR ta^a trb ti r i o & r pn 
lyry^ ayn pr ,tr lyayn .oy^x drt 
DnRT pr ,aD w\\ taaRpya tan mtn yiR"ia 
^yp^taiR oyn pr DasjaM»u"ii ,vx ^11 
Dnya tr ;Dyi ryayn \"i ^pn-wa ta^a nnyn 

pR J^SI^Rlim y^R v SRD RH TR ,IR RT?R 

tyaRn lynRtay^Rna *rt pr jyomtayaa^R 
dbro yt^»RaRpy pr y^^.^RB rh jya^npya 
.nayn yiyn p,R ^yo^D 
* * * 

tyii tr ,TaiR tyo taaRT ,-ie^br pi^o itr,, 
,"-iyin^3„ rh ?ynyii jy^yn nyD^aiR Rn 
DS»n Dy ?iyay^> is nyDya tya^inaR jyo tayn 
58ipfi"fjpa pn ^Ra tayii Dy ,ir D^a iri tt 
tr ,Dyi lyayii ta-^a pity jy-pn i'a nyaiy 
r pa ,yo~iRTRp r pa ryay? r p»t tayii dri 
t y t i a tayii njrtjn irii ,iyay^ r ,nD^a^n 
^jptfii .ryta^ann uk$ mtr tiR ^y^a ■»ir« 
-»n nro ;]yo"n dh^r tayii jyD aax,? vm\ pr 
r p^t Dyii drt tr ,nvi nao ta^a TiR nn 
-yii im ,brp pa ta^a nyaR ,\yii$n tia tyay? 
-^i ryayn tyaiRt is |,y^Raa^R drt tayn \vo 
■a^any ;yayn niDRiyta.^ ,DDaip ,taBRityayD 
drii drt l^aiR ?iyaaipyntaay nyiR ryaan 
~]3i iRpitayaa^R nyaaR ^y^a nw ona p-r oy 
Rn. pr tyiyn taytaa^anya tir tayn tmRii 
naRta^is r is tyinyppnis yi jy^yn ly^ayn 
Vi^^n Rn ,ta."iiTna Rn nyaR .inyanRa pa 
-y: taRn yB^yii .ta^wna Rn — ,ta"n>na 
]yw:y® yooya R,n ,niaanp 5w ^itr ddrp 
iyn itaanpya tyay^ ny^t d^d ih^r jyasn 
R,n pa taa«tmyn Rn lys^naR Tt tayn oy 
oyn ,(pon tia taaR^nyn 'Rn) y^ ; RnpR^3R 
iwn&n tayii oy in^iy ^n r imyii nn^R pa 
■on pr Rni oioPtaRBDyn nynyany ?y^a r 
w ta^ii nTR nyD^n l«m^b ~iynR na«> 
,taa^n t , s ^ a ty^ayn y5x uno 
jnjnii? y^R Rn tRnta tayn nyn ,TaiR taaRT 
tayii ar\\ ?ta^anR yBninyaya piR yvtrw 
ly^ni d b m nn y 3 ^ r a a r 1 1 s y a n r 



27 



DBJlplX «■»! PK p^3 b* 



185 



.tyaxipxaonx y ,,_ ia lyraanpy t y r s , a 
DfittSWD'tt a^a tyraawya Tt ry^xi ya^m 
iv tyaxn ya^ni .tyv^pc pn ,bwip px 
m ,5ya^a tyaxt? rc px a^aiN y?» imko 
1W33 iyay^> tyjyp ry^XT ryax-ipxaDnx vn 
yryn ivni ,»«* nyn px isni .Dioptf px »w 
.aay^y: Tyaxn lyaws^a W5»ana jfapaw 
."Tjnw&pc atjnynyj nisSajtona px axn 
taix tnpa VI t^sn nyp^n yay^a wr 
-ftm ,tya:pu« kh pa fy""iaya oappw a^: 
rh pal ,a^v "iyjy^ w wpWtot tyaxn ya 
— taay^ya jyaxn »i lya^im p« ,j:iayoaix 
yD^asK^yryj x btvdd* tpy ixj tvp oy tx 
xh px fi&mp <itn .Tjms^P*? ?ns Mian* 
,D"¥ an pa px :may;aix rh pa aipm 
.aay^> txnya x ya^yn px 
is :■ t^j .^ya^a x n.xj tyanyi *pdx? 
ly^on x i^ax *ix: .twyn Twnn^ivx 8 
Onya^n 5y^a) y^ax^xa aaxnaya Time 
-ya ayi nyax aany: .Dy-i^n D$iitty Dta 
ftps tyaxn is; ,ny oyjaiw ,Piya jyaoyi^a 
-Dxn .aaims px anayat^xa px ,nya"ii 
"a :^>xnxa *pik aivya f* nnx px ya^yt 
nyaxpnyax ton »a n.px wii nyyax"i"x y^>x 
-axnaya anyn jyiya^y yjyj">Ki vm tyana 
tyj^n Dy nyaynanya yaoyna «jn d^x aya 
>yse>"a dw xm .nyp^ya tynsxmya nyax 
^xnaiyD px nynx ,xnaxaiD ^ytpx nyn *pix 
ww u?3'»t ^ywwanfiiXj wi ikii ,xpnax 
iv ty^xa tinyo^y yttfa Dxn xt ,ya^jy^p 
-yaxa yayi"K xh jyay^ip »*rxn px ,aax$ 
,^8t w^«n x nxJ jyDya^x »t px yaxa 
nya^yr njn .D^y ^ wian *iy"t pa axny; x 
-o\*nxa xh px mrwrwi vw t2xn nnstMsny 
-nyax px^x xaxi^x px jya^v y^nxta 

.xp 
-jy yuytD^ix y^^ax^xpy xh tjm ,xt^x 
^nK »t o»d ty»»tiv in rxr^nay w lyin 
kh iv yj^x tyit^jyo xh pai lyaavrpvya xh 
,?yaan:x vwi Tt tyiyiay Dy ,y-iy-ux 
.jyjn^K yny^t ,^xnx» ?w ,v t 



~i5xv,y pa yaia^ y;mynna xh px dxii 
.rnyaa:yay^ r v5x»j ,au tyiiyj pk tx'v 
,a^ianya ,pjxip t^x Dy d»ti ,dxt tn?a 
-y? p">p avnya .^nya^x-Djyay^ ^^"ry^ 
ptfa — ty^p^iajy iv nya^n tt aaxnpDjya 
-y 1 .ayoa^iya px ae^tryjax anyii own 
yaa^y; njn a>a a^xpya t^x dv nyn ,ijn 
jji^pmajy xn rx ^d^v, a^nti^ya xh pa 
tyryn n^x fyJi*yyj t^x aax^yryj nyn pa 
y^x tyai:ynya^x jyaxn iyt^:ya xh .jyv, 
-iv yjmynna xh pa tyjmaan^x ya^v^ 
-a:y iv iw^i Tt oa^y: px ix^vxp^ii 

.ty^i^ 
tx .jyaamyj pi^ t>x t^^x tiaran ,xt^x 
axn ynxi^n^a xh dxh dw^j Dy^x 
-xs xh tix i^n^axJ nya^nxi ,rxnayjanx 
,av^x aTaDnpy ya^yn F u»n»ia y^^a^ 
;iusj ,t]nyii aax^yjax o^ 'nis ayn 
xn ayn ,iynyt -iywii Dy ly^yn n^a xm 
b»n»na y'n a x r ,s x p« jy^^xinya tt 
nyn xh vd Pi^a &i px t y a y ? x n>a 

.yDx^p snwv 
tx ,Dyn p« anyatj'ya wivi nya^ViV ijn 
,3Jiay:aix nyn pa apnx^s x pk ^ya un 
px ,a^v tstt pa px ly-wyawtK xh pa 
,in fyanyjya \"i nx^ ta^ .taay^ ny nya^jm 
-^x ypn i^ax ,5xixa pn r iyaanix yi"t 
-^x txn .ax panyn jyvjxj i>x (joj«n tyjn 
f bai5 Tjn pa ax? px pn« a>j ty^naK' \yyi 
rya^aa x^yryj pa apnx"ia x„iy:^T^T nxj 
-vn tyoKtw lya^aaxr^yry: pa ,ryay^> 
tnnxT x ,-iyajyaD x ,Dpixa x ".{*\}}p 
,DiyiJx nxJ typ^n a t i a y ; jyaxn 
.^yaxaonx t^x ,xax^a x.Dyax^PXD x 'xni 
,iynyaenya aa^^ av^x ayii *iyry^ *iyn 
»m x^T wy\ nyipi^H y^^iya ya^yrx Dmwn 
a>i jyjieya px ajn^anya jyaxn ,yavy^> 
-ya tyaxn *ixi ,:nmnx px an:ya^xa nxa 
oy tx ,pn a^ nxa iyp Dny-ux tx ,ar>a 



-SND nyi p*< ms nh„ ^yaya taouns (* 



184 



osnpix «n 



28 



DinrbK^SKD ly^K , m-i*u ddkd 



,"rm yryn jyayji. jurist- jynn w ps B"p 
D^sajyry^ .btbrtr^d nno nyas pr drt 
_ st pw> ptfst td tjnn .Bnyny:i p^yj^i w 
t^n BV'iW"fc vb *i3»RpT.jn m rtyaym t.rj 
drt — jtoanwu ya^cwya sn ^n b^s ms 
ps — jypmya i^rina Tynna ty» nnsn 
brii iv ,ayn pa *ii§j b»j B""ii hrj trj Dy 
-jrt ,oajh»» WDt'^wic nynyTRB nyn 
.dibp5r'-xrb iyts"asBiR oyi pa i^&r ppn 
-rpv Banmya^R bb"b nnnsa dprd 
-^pr kh »■»» lyBD^aRBis yanRBR kh fyo 
■"•h jyrsna yi»i yajRB .lyBB^R'VRD y^B 
ny trj /rytnyBjiR ayi b^.ts ny tr ,ir; ryB 
-jiBsnnya y^D^s vv BiTRnym »im pr 
xm cibp^vrd pa ny myr rt or*?, .ipo 
Tynjs ir pr ps d^d tyry^nyn pn m pa 
-am jnj^bprts sn *pik, is ny bi"¥ bis 

T» B^RTl *iy Wl .DIBP^PVRD pa B"P^B 

*hr p*5arya*R tya^Bawj r way: iv Bait 
lypjsnyi y£"BDns^RD pa jjtfp'r.»jy sn 
.Is^^Riiyn y^nmnsna jro^via Rn b^t 
-rbis K,n iynnn.ua iv Bp^yj *.rj n.n b^rii 
-SB iyn B"ii K»n .BnfPBwpnK m« ,iy^ 
djtf stir pyns p>r bidp^vrb nynyn 
B"n »ni pr jyn lyanBaRt^yom ny^n 
Bpsa tw>uiM>vi ayn *pir tt bjpbb> ny 
.Wtn rynyryaas nyas ftfi&gpgpDefr pa 
-yaivnya^R ej^oy: T^BiyprR br.t ny bru 
Bvy^ e\bp5r**rd cyn. b^b B^sn Dy sm ,iya 
rh BiyBJR^yjyoRt^ ny br.t ,ri&rt."r pr 
rmi lyBDsmnBjy y^BD^iBRp yry^^n 
pa Byasna nyn) Bn»5 pa \mp tw 1 ? 
tor^b^t pr tyBD»BBR383R yBpyD tjtf 
swnnwmfi sn &d ^nrvrmrrm' 1 16 pr 
iyBl9 pa Ba^yn lymny nyn pr lyBD^iBSP 
tr ,BJjR^iiya lyaRn ya^yn ,BnynjinnnR' 
-ya ps yBaynp yrn 1%: jyBD^n ?ri njnp\, 
b^b n^x 1 Ps "^D^amya y>m ns J IV»ip 
yBvy^ rh .1871 pa lynsJiBSP nyrnsa sn 
rh Rm 'its mu p>s nsa ny Baaa^ya 
rh rs ,bjst ny m .unyjs^psyn yBD^ny 
is tJniya i^s yjiBRP nypisa nyi pa b^v 




nyas ,iypjsnya yaon 
lyjj^pnyoya ya^ay^a 
•jnyo^R yji^rrans^ 
,yana^y-im, ps iyj 
■d"d iyj"i ya^yn 
s b^d Bpy-nya D:yB 
— nynya snmw 1 ?! 
tpt oji^ oy^s dst 
_, s ^yp^Bis iynip d^hup dpsb ps omik 
ayn ps "sasn^s ps dibt^s^vsd,, nya 
■rb nyjsPnyBs njn pa nyBirrnyB i,yBvy^ 
sm ms ",isB^sasBospM ^:ip lyanBsi 
.pw\ ytj'^Bnp yj^T payBoya rh ps i^as 
l,yD>ni srs Bastsnya nn^s lyasn. v&vw 
-ya ^yp^Bis lyryn ps .B^yn nyn ps lyasJ 
lyiiyj PTAyB'B' t^s ny tr ,nns nyas ny Bpm 
nyj^yn .is^sy^s nyr-sv^nia s Ba^na ps 
■rd lya^aasB'jyDm nyi lya^njya b>j jyp 
tyiynaix b^j -irj t^s ny ^nsnas ,dibt^s^ 
ps BaRB^yrya nytj^BcnsB^asp nyn b^b 
nyB^ans pa wmmtw sn jyaya b^ ps 
.yis^ nym {ynyoyanyai w 
-nyBpsnsa w b^j t^r pyiw i^d nsa 
-saBjy^sB ps jRMBDjrttHM*K nmPT sn inn 
-jjniaRp;, pa nyDsanya ayn pa isnys y^ 
-j"s D^njB^nn ny^s yjyBiay;as) vtvws 
WP'W iv ny-risT ,"ojyan (yBin^ayi 
■rd sn ps dibt^r^srd ryayii B;sr*ay csn 
pnayaynBya ayi ps ly^B-isa y^w^x 

.^yp^B-is 
nv Bmi nnyr ny danpnya ms&x ps 
ps nypjin ytmia sn, nsa nynna nsa ,pn 
ps trurumw., ryasn ya^yit f *wnawjj» 
-ya ny .".y^asBis pa truyayj yrs^yn sn 
ps dibt^-r^vrd pa yaa^ya s„ rs ,Bpny» 
nan pa yBa^y: nyn b^d jpb»m»5j Byna 
.mnBa^n ps B^na^?jJiR \vi .B^ni^jyB 
pa iiv 1 ?!}' nyn ps ya^n sn pa rn^na sn 
•«t ps ,Bn^BDnpy nya^s ryasn. yans sn 
-nyjens nya^s iyasn nsap ps lini"? yny 
sn ?yjyn lyBDsnBTvasi yans wi Bnym 
-p:yBnyBJis nytj'^B'Saspy nym pa lyasnts 



29 



•DiDn^xND nys^M "p-nto ddke 



185 



-*ix* DP8D d>d apBapnya yByipnayapx 
-<vu xh lyayn fyamrpBDnK ywpi d'pi 
-ya pw bxh dibp^spssd nyn dxp fysu ya 
aria tt arpx b^xp ryo tyii tTjruvt ,B3xna 

■»»T tyt?B»H KH TX ,13pm iy 3PK f t&fHMB 

ipaynax*ia wppi pa nyaxnp anxn jy: 
tsw px Tsrajpftsa** nh f ftpee>"a bis ,xpi 
■sd nrtyo vt ty^ay; »m jytppis 5"ii ,pyp 
Bax^yaapx DPiya tt "W ^xp ,iyBD^*os 
tM^Tse> ,tt oa'nenv iy ?yu isj .panjn 
"iya \m rinjniB bis itfp-nnOT t"K pa iy 
.pnyapa px bB'X Banp 
-xa„ tx mpiyDya pp "ipx px rymp 
-jyi ijjbmbd^O' na DpnajTfl x px dibp^ws 
s px |"-h Tt B^yppi iy tyn l^ax typ 
D'ST px "...Baxtjpya , p oi3Ti»^ pai ^bjxb 
nya "iyt:^y njn *pix pn pya^yp ,ixb x b:xt 
■ss ayi px ,B5yp ynxBaxa x px \v^"\P 
...tiyBaysyi D^ysnyn ^xa bidp:ps fy^cS 
x dppx ny bj»* nyas ryBpua "yis px 
.cvibp^spsxb t&ranyp r'?ipxp^a jyanx^ 
pn iyiy? is nBnyii jp^pi px ayn ay^is 
Tin arrx fy» jyp ayi ay^is pi» ^yp^tng 
.yanatmyTii rv« anyB^a wvt ryaynyia. 
cpix iv B5>yBB> fi-si" px Dia Diypxpya 

{SPSXB^X Jfl8»BD^K*iHJtD XH TX .ttpJIB Byi 

tynyayaiya is lya^snyj ^a nnyr Ban 
-xb^xp sh .ax^p nyBPaix na y;x£ kh 
-ya rypn ,ny tnySpTP ,iyaanyay-i ye»bD^ 
•yw waix |y-irpaisa"x typya imnkitk 
-^Bro* iv ^n lytD^aTK ryap^ny is ,ryrya 
.11 .! .x Dp'ntDD tyi-^H' IV ,M$»JV i^ tjnM 
ytJu&D^K^vgD na pm oyi nyta:i« r^x — 
iyi i«ii ,iJ»^o"i P« snsna .iy^r,ynn^a 
-j"K §kya Dtynjgrya ^ s r bsh Diot^N^gD 
ny xh jynyj ajny^in kh«*»k f B?ysisnyj 
-Bif.sB.B' tyBJSiyagt cyn ry^ana is yBK> 
-jyopNii n^t. tyoBiwisfc nix ^10t^R»V*D 
n^n .ivtDMnwpjn-'^^WD xn na bbktp V~i 
-yi y^N^s^a is |«:nt:y: cr.v: x pis^a^a vt 
iua D'liya oa:xr B^ni ny ya^yii .jy^-xa 
BJ3"ia ^imgj dpx^) .o«nw ryjh i\s n^ 
■»t Dy pba^i b^ii Km ityj^s'is ijnyaps 
"XiBD-nyB^anx i^a tyaaiBana^K «n iy: 
■«>b*h pHj tyi^ojyanwaiK r^x jyajiTa 
lyBnrtfysj"** M'i»« iya*x b^j ny ,*wb5 
,ysyry; na» lya^z-x y^B^n xh tyjyv, 
-yicpx ^^-ny jynyii ay iy:«^^ ^y^a xm, 



ny bp-pt xt ".t^ii nx Bi^a pai y^-ix„ 
yBa^yj nyn na ryopxa x^n ryaya ^xap^x 
nyrnxa na *ianxp iyp"npipnyD jyryn pa 

.Bxn>xny^x"ia 
■yj nyan bxh ptix^ dpx» ^ixp^x 
px Btn.yn "ixt ,p~w^ woo^wtviD ww*? 
_ x» an |y;yn Dyjy^^Bis yapn: x.exP t n r 
ypBan xh jyayp .dibt^k^s^d ayriy-i 
•ypya ny^BD^x^sgD nyi na ryapaynB^ 
nytj^axBix ,DiB?ppBpy^xP ,Dior^icxP .ai'B 
x tyjyii '•nynp^B ^xap^x nx didt^x^sxd 
ps an^x "a Bn^a dxi — bbppis ynyoya 
nyi .Di^t^x^sxD ty»X3 ayr. nyBPx jyoxr 
r^x "Bappis,, nyn t^. ?yp>B*i» i» va rx^a 
pa 3:iB3K*iBya y^^Bnp x Ta Bpjjnt^ya is 
^na^nyipi tjnj" pa rix ajiBS^nya iyn]p 
-ya an«n tt jy^yn T'o pitujj cpxd pa 
,tySy»a»"a ixx3 x b^d ry^ypa; 
Ba^nt^ .dibt^x^sxd pa lyp'Bnp wn„ 
.Baynya v^^-vrinsn rypp ,*iy 
-ppx) niDax px ny tx ,uny^p*iy »m yni 
Bny^pny nyB^n nnn^i ya^By b^q ".(pjj 
-y n x y ^1 b f » m r x i b„ dxt ,rp^ *w 
-p^x^sxD nyi bxh ,p t jp x i y r ? b 
ynyoyna b^s nnx' 1 yo»nn nx Baxiay: dib 
ysjxj nn xpi ,iyay^> t^x tyap-iyayaiya 
px |yaxtx^3 nx ' , i l y:yDDB.xxB^ na n^an 
ayi px "ix^ ".tyinx 1 nyuytPB pa np^iya 
-pna is b^ fyM ny Bap ^pbib tys:«j 
"Xa pa prpx„ ayn nao BjyBinx n'x \y: 
nnxii nyn^na an^x bp^l- axv, ".dibp^s 
.BB^B^ya nynagj nx ^pp'-j' 
vwi-ww rytrpis ,nyp?ya ypngBty ^a„ 
,ay-i:x"ia ayp^yp^x pa ryB^s t v x ,"iyjyB 
p»p DiBP^x^sxa iyi Bpay; ,*iy ByBBP.nya 
_ xp^ n a px -)ypWL yagiw ^a nyax HJiiJ 
"BWirgj pa jyB^s n^ AWWO y^ia pxya 
c.iBP^x ,, stfD nyp Biyp ,;;s:iyBPx w 1 ? 
."ByB^-ie^iya b^p px BBgayjanx y:-yL'*r 
lxii Tj;:y'? xh tx ,bp^ bbip rri" wwi ~x: 
ny3 jyBD^o ax asy pk d-idt^X'Sxd ~y- 
"5P8BK? x 1 "! lyn^BD'Tpy ay ikii ,ByB ,, ~aL" 
f'^a tyB^xn jy^Bixa y-^Ba^x'Sxa yBa 
paBsyTyaiyppDjyBDpayin]n«i3XJ"iyBjix 
lxii ,-px^'B"i .jy^jya yp'.a px yaxw 
,iyD , BB' ly^p' 1 - fyasm jyBB^R^sga xh 
ij>p b^: -,;zx ...Biaxp n'gj x^x V\& ph 
■si^vjyj px y-ixa-iy-;:xT yty'" b^j Bia^B^ 



186 



rasaipi* NH 



30 



"Wi nyn tvh tapyrn tinm&DnK »? jy^yn 
BPjnni»K P* nynKtaySsis kh tik aaip 
-nyn kh pk tyaanyajn kh tyaam* tvto 
jytet .ryajwraaKa inyp t^k tyoKft? i/uyt^ 
-naxunyaDXP yatyTK ty^t ,tyaaw.ayn sh 
.tynya pk pnKDcra Km ,"isrjj»bDKBH!H yn 
-"•taD^Kta^Kp nyr* pa nytayntanya fix \v^ 
kh< pa nam njn tyutfaDmiK aamns nyti> 
w$a dpkd Km ,iv^yr yt^DD^K^so 
nssn s *pik *nKn Bin — a^K Tt bpnni 
tytsyntaivaK tytaaHK^KD nh |,y:ynya jd^d 
nym na .Dsrwria tynyDS^^KW nyn na 

xn .tnjnas nyax ewjn mriiKa dpk» 
na tawia ryanaam jytamiv aiv to tymp 
www tk ,tx T^oyj taa"¥ ny .^ypnanK pn 
-xa njn tia to 1 ] pw tyta^Kfi tytDaHK^vxa 
typ tyo tk ,typ^H pk wxi^ijniijn ny^v 
-eauB^yrw ypnaDHKta'jsKP kh ty^nDKimiK 
Tin yts"taDHK r vxD x. pk itpiHrt^Bruji yan 
-5ym .ty^nxayn yaHnyna Tin .ignv^w 
nnxny jy:m ,ny taa"TB> ,rytaDHK^»c ya 

"X^T nJ»^t3.'n pK 1N'D^3 pK p'tJB'l'UQ 

pk ^taxmta ;THpDxna pK tany^o pk ayn 
-xntanx ytDaya^xH ,ny^ya y-\v"i .w^w* 
-yaxniDDxtaxp nyn pk Dnyan^a ywown 
PK tyam^a ayn taionyn ia:"o ny) yHxynD 
D^paHT^yajix pk ta^paHaiynta^iJ nyn 
,Syaya ty^n (tu^^yn ny^vxa nyn pa 
nya 5\b>t ."usJcB'n pk nataiKp pk nya:n 
pk nnya wi:y ,THpaK.nsi pk ikikii pk 
.^KnyiTK taayayny pk onnp nyn .tyHxta^K 
.tafi4?n$y£"m* w: nyax pk taxta^rtyn T5n 
kh fyjynya ty^yn typjyo ypuap&na kh 
ttf Dnyny: idsdipiv Km .anyomita jw»demd 
■utwK nyn .txn^xnyn iv d*j pk tx^xny 
uy is iv lytaipya pk aioTHx^vxa nyi&ya 
tasti Dpp^K^uiD nya^tDaxi^iiyam nyi pk 
ay'apnxo 5n«P t^o fi^ iwj«bj;ij*ji t-'T 
-iK ny^ti^T nyi t»»o pyuur ."^jbwp,, 

d^k doip ,>a^ c^nnKJ dpk» ikj ;k^k 
nnya wiw ppdoiip .ua 5wt ,5»yaya tk 
ihk pyp^DD^D .tnjfDmo ns* ty-)"* .11 .t -k 
dpik» 5"ikp d^i tk px .Tj'KtD^nya jwDpsna 
lya^oBBB'jyD^i' pa nytaxa nyi unijtt pk 

D^D pT^DD^a tDDT'S lyTJHJKT .DIOT^K'SKD 

■2no»«rioD-»yo"in« pa jyjinn^ar^K y^n 



pk ,iyt»"snK 3»f b n^a tyju^jya pK tfrnpt 
yDy^o^KPD^K pk yt:;yn:Kinya iv yaSi 
hytnjn^ kh tyo Boy^t? ny pk f nyt3^anK 
tyo bkh lyoKta^Tjrr iyjyDJK^^na yrn,, 
.jyuD^K^KD pa ya^n nyn wn d^j tyopya 
kh .o^jion 1 ? w n^K vt >^nBiyjyj pk n.KJ 
-jk B^xiiyj o^^ tip jyaKii tyDD^wvKD 
»t .b^kd^ tynjyn^DDnpy ayn pa t.y»run 
iv "no .^ytD^o ya^Kn to^ny; d^j jyaKn 
nyn ix Baynn^y: »t fyasini ,ynny^ ny^r 
-KriKriK nynjynyDtyya nyn pa aaixTDB' 
typttawre ayn jyn.n^a.w^K dik ,?k^ 
-yTK yiy"i y^K lynn^Kyn w pk bbbbp 
"KD K^n ya^yii ,iynnKayn Kn ,nxn pk .ty^K 
»t ya^yn ,iy^jiKi\yj b^ jyaxn tyoa^K^ 
vtfy^ pk ixriiTaivann tya^nyj b»> lyatjn 
,toaaoypya nyo r a T^Ti^^nD nsast tya^n "t 
pa o ' n y n p a 1 ^ t y j 3 y n 1 v tyo r^o 
PK jy^iny^yn kh .01 » t r *p k » v k . 
-j 1 k vi s y j jyrn lyas^P jnajMnw kh 
k » n .ayn lyjyii typjyrvaKJ jyiiy^ t y a 
didi^s'sud ayn n k a id a n 1 a 
tia a i k a y k nyn. t y n y a px 
■ipjn sh 1 1 a D^irpni nyn 
"dhk vi tyaxn ryaanyayn kh .ty^Di 
-^aii'D^nK taa^aa ny^n pk dv tk .fynyiyj 
-KaKna kh pa ty^ayt kh« tia na^ii ayn \yi 
iv pk tyHKynta yt^tDD'aioKP tia tytDDHDKa 
B^naiynyHBHa^K yoaynya kh tynyjy^piya 
nKJ wi tyta^v D'rrtPD .p^Ka nyta^anK jia 
HKtay^sna tia m& kh nyaK ;tyoipya ta^ 
f pHiv nin k ta^ k^ii ,nyaya tavy 1 t ,: k dk' 
pa Km inyaaiK nrs nyta^n tayii ay a^K pk 
pn dhk nin -k pk y:K^ ny^r tayii ,tasy» 
"JK-ta iv tM»n k v ii nyoya nKJ 
-ya DKn nyax ;rtaan rasa yftw t^k axn 
-tanKa tyno tytaDHN^'Ka kh tk ,nxa tar^n 
-:yoaK ta r D ,tavy^ pa Km fiaoxp nyn iysyt 
ynym unn^ao^K ty:yp i^hk »t tik ,an 
,aio^^-aKTKna pa tysPDia kh .yaiy^BHKe 
-yn ty^my^yn y^^taaHKtD^aKP kh nynx 
.^yca b ty^ytaernytajiK ^t aiK ,tKta ay w 1 ? 
tpw* tya'^a tyno «t tk r T>iK tao^n DKn 
ny^K^VKD pk fiaoKpayDK^P pa lyisa ayn 
-Kiiyn pk nytDDynpyT^KP dkh .tx^i^xiiyn 
dkii ,pn ty^yn tytaaHK^KD kh nynyDK'vi?' 
tyaaoyp ly^jni «t nyr.ntaio pk ny&^nyjy 
nmyo r^K f a:ijmK y^taDHsta^aBp kh \ym 



31 



d^t^k^kd nya'K ^-nw ddkd 



187 



y5x no &jypnyj« tD"»3 tynyu px J'toan 
-my pa i^a« .ryaa^x^sxa "w^pkis,, 
-nsa dpx» ivnyii "a ,bpa£yT p^jmya tis 
is yj"T rua tyajyoianx a^oya taxn »n 
.jyajiDannya yj"»ya5s 
pa 5nss xh tx ,iyjyp"^ t^j typ iyo 
xh tx ,&apxii ivDD^KnfSD ynyjs^stfsny 
j^x tanyii tynnsayn ya^nyna ryayn yaxna 
-sntns,, m wm tj5yt3tJ>yjBmx myan-siB* 
jnyj,s ,, si5s , nyn m "jcnixpw yti»Dps-r 
axn ?yj-"T t5dbp5b> nyas ;u«3D(» i 5iWf^D 
mi lyny^nyujix y ^ > d p 8 ta nnys 
ryaa^ssa yftpa- .y 5 y * a * s j ^ n a 
Upstfsiijn ny^ssa nyn pa &** bsy^irvn 
"tfa "t 5"ri ,nyanyn »<a ,5s» 8 kmi ms 
-sb kh tynn^aj^x jyjyp uyn iyo tx ,tya 
tym^nyna x *pir Bas^yTya yt^tJB^s 
nsogpnyunyii 8 |ix jyansayn tvh ,jyii 
,typj"n "T 5"vi fynrttst .fyajyios^nss p« 
va is^sstius nyn p« pwa nn jyp ?y» tx 
tpwi py iv ryanis inijj biep^ssb ayn 
-tfsuyn y5m*so kh tx pis jynxpnxa mn 
ayn Dy nsa jyn ,iyoip x^no wm uj'x 
-una ayn pa jjinn^aamn nyn "a tyttfsn 

P2! JJ1B8t?aX 8H — DIOP^WSSD P3 DpJIS) 

-ajs^pinsna kh *hk ainajya^-bsfiinfi' 

£yt^» 
-ms&om 1 » px tw^i^wnyn y^wsso an 
-B^xt^a-xp kh tyn^a ,B"p&nan\»»u y^'i 
p^x jy^yii px Q»3«5b tram ty^yii iyta 
.t .x typnaxa ,iy^D ,nynjy5 in jyayaas 
ypxtj mxn iyo .tS'sxa nyn is ,^a bis .it 
-^ytx .ayn px jya'tf: is aix .ijrD'no x p»t 
B&BBWW T* ry^ayi any^intt ya 
d^j i^ax .jyiDD^K'XijtD ytasjny fy^iis tra 
-pnni pw jyrn ya^yn ^jy xh bms^w 
-i^v,y„ ny^T tD^o tj-^ii is tyagipiya ^ 
■St ta-'a tayn t^jyo nyrDcrnya p>p ".is^* 
s^i ewop«Tfi ms cj t^x ^yaya m ,iw 
,djtis^t si^i ny: ^t^T lynx ,p\o^iya 
-ns ^yi ! ,^yaya /dsiud ipii mya sP^ay 
nytaornya ps nytacyn: nyi f -nst3.»pjs3 
-xnpSoyT^^ssa WB""J nyn pa ny-in^a 
s nsJ pk *iy — tyoipans nrpK ts^T y^ 
p^D^:nya msny ps ",*iyon*iD ly^'DD^,, 
s WWi HHjyDty i^oaya^s t^n iya>jrn 
■yiCMK d s j ^so>"P TT own px. B^yEnia 
kh pa ty^^usniya kh p» i^ax Djya^v 



-yjiya^x nyiy^i »vnsJ Dpsia Dsn st ..Uw 
y3"oya?8 is yrn d^d dso kh lyasno 
a^i8 ,tsno :y~ia k nm« ^»st ty» ?yii -Tytsna 
nyDsa *iyi tyniya t s x pixaa^a ts ,&?$n ny 
ny Dyu .oidt^k^vsd tya'^a8^jyD' , ii pa 
.p\a T8 ,jynyat:jy i^a»Hnnm\ »oayn 
-^x ny ttf&n. yn.ny^ Dy'cpnso ^n8P pa 
P8 T\$n yea"? 8 o'Q .r:^ii taannnya 
tyo„ :ny tny^pny lypJSTya jynyDa 1 ^ nsa 
^>nsP pa mm nyn p8 w: nnyo pit^ taan^ 
d^ jyrn m*oa; y^n pa y: ,, ' , p .opnso 
-siw CJ lya^t 'yons 8H .jynsv.y; D^ipo 
esn y^ ny^T tnnypnxa ns: .nwans ?yn 
yt^^SJSpy ya^pynt? sh .onyayanya t»t 
nyjyo^yT jynyn:sT .nytaay d^ tyrn jyDnnp 
r^x tynyii ty^iDa^inya ynyn .nynna mi 
".Dp:yn^ya nnyo px nnyn 
VWi- dsv, ,panyn jyny?y:as nyas 
5n8P pa np^y nyn w: ns^ w:^' nwaj 
■>nnsi DP8Q aDyjnya /'^scssp,, Dy'Dpnsc 
yj8^> 8H 5ya xni Dsn r tapns tyrtDa^i xrx 

— DnyDyanya c: n s T Bsn- nyD^anx x s n pa 
ayn mi" ,iv t i ^8 ay ta^a ny mi ,r^8 px 
"S^si^snyn xh ".Dnyn^inD,, mi pa tisosp 

— jyttB^x^xo y^-'DD^apnx^ nyns v^vz 
^y^mxaxna ta^a nsn ^inyayanya xh rx 
yntDamJ v x px ton^tansa ryanyn ayn is 
nyt^anx xh .D^pa^aynpya-a:yay^ px 
-"eytfs ayn nmn tan^^asna amyj ,ya^n 
n^ix nyo^ii nyan ry^yn |w ayn^sna ay: 
on^tansa jynyo^n jyny 1 t^n lyn^'asn-s 
■«? ny^n nyas ;P^ayo px jyDax^jyani pa 
.ypjyDnytajix px y^nyinta x nxn oa^^a yj 
px ya^:y^p 8 nsn taa^^a nytaDnpy ny^r 
■"5a *itk wyvv tayn xn px ,ynyDn;ix 
ly^yn is^'pmsna pa ^ytra xh r.& st jya 
,tyjsnya-Dsnna pa n:yn x^n ps ty;y^ 
"js ^yn a jinns yr^ , DB^8D , a8P xh aj-x> st 

.rytJ^sn 
Dpns» Sms? T8 ,tyD>nyjJs ly^ST n>» ryn 
?yjjuayna ,, i8 yj"t p8 tsasoya myu 8 usn 
jmiiPWK t'8 jyannp y^ns^nya lya-yii 
-tjjy xh lynyTyjB^ixnxa tj^j osn ny ^mi 
.BDBsntt ya^na pa aai^P^iiDjy px jjinyai- 
lytDxu^iTyn yuay^ sn typjyn^ya ya^yn 
nsJ ay DD"m — nympJSP nyna nyn pa 
Tyayii fynnyS yj"t tx ,b*j ^xa p.»p ^ik 
w: jyj"T fiasxpjyax^p px nunyinnys 



188 



BBJlplX KH 



32 



ypSB P8 .DytaD^D yt^DD^X^SXP KHi IJTfi&P 

,txnn5xinn 8 Tin t»«n o*n. ,npm Ta 
-jik jyaunaiyosiK nrpK oyn ryo ay-iaxa 
jUjKmWjn pftwrip jotym B'o ryTronyo 
«a tyD>nivDmx pn T^yo oyn oy ya^i 
8 tik ,\y®Q*ft$to*mp «h .wiyn »ti 
"D^»?vijib Tin ,ayn ryanhyna hhmwww 
.tx^'xta^ax px jrwwnjaunti ws^d 



iytj"taxnpxoyn-5x^8D "un pai tyDynaaxP 
-rpa -vy^opsna ijn t»r 5xi iy — »mwi 

...hyn 

"18a DPSO D»11 DDK |K — PK H08 TJH 

tyaywiya ixaa"K oxn lynx ta v a wnut m 

"SOyr^K^SD "T5TT 113 ty^^S yi"a 18 — 

-an yiBW^ta yDniya i^a ty^>ytacy y^osiP 
-is lycnaDns^xo nyoma njn px ryaaita 
-n^ nytaya^ *ijn$ *wnna D.jrii ya^yii ,yyo 



trta>S8 18 pa rpp-iya ijn 



.pan .8 pa BsyTiya'K ;asna«5» 5i8a pa 



5«na -lyta"^ 



iy taay^a axta "a *>yi«m »m nn« .i^xn 
nvan8 dik ny^xaw tyaa85 raw 8 jyano 
n.na tytaaxtatryanya^xi pn ^yD^ax jyay5 
jytapaia xn pa ny:"« rynya D8T nx aax 
pn taay^a w layax mv .opxitaasp pn pa 
ny T8 piT8 TViyn o^asmx nypn jyaxo 
.Bjtfanj/aniM 8 px 8m ryftxaj'nx mypa 
tasn ,ny^8 ayn *pw anasttaax ta^a ,ixi 
nyanyp tycnyna pn pa naya. lyp^xop iyr 
■»s px ;;jy^ia8^'J8 V^vn taa^ymya^x 
ty^ana km *pix in anayaxitapynx ,pmayo 
oxn tampons 8H ya^yn pa ,tya^yaiya pa 
-isonx in ny oaySa ,taamya nynna am 8 
cd ijn i, v.KfiBS'DnK px ttama n^yo jjhf 

.iy>p*» 
,inyo o^a ana.n tx pa tWMtf-8 ixa — 
■ftm ,raxa 8 8,m nyix y^ypyranyn 8 8m 
nyay? ytaya yirpx ay^iv &&tftw ?y» ya 
,taa8Tya in iv *iy toxn ,oayana PK t? 
118 ty^ , ^a IiS' D,yD nyi D^a d^ii tk 
-iya no t« ya^yii. .tya^ni 8H \w 
ns^a ^yaya - DD^aiK i"o ixa lyn 
yay^ pa 8nT nyaiy ya8^> p*o pk D8ii o^o 
pa Jfpew Djn tyi8^nya tya^n w^yn ,o^? 
8 piymya 18a D8~i oyii i^o "a ?mya 
pa »«x ijn p8 tk 5sni "i83"iyi ."inx 1 la^a 
IW80 p^o ta^o ta^a,i8 lyayaaixmsya nyi 
pKiy"Ptiao"an«nyinai3 , 'nayai"T "wja ta^a 




-nyii 8 oa8i ts^ini i8"» 
\ny\w n« oy^8 :^o 
-a8 p« ,«j n.8 D8ii 
ny^a v^ pa aaxa 
in D8n iyay^ ta^8D 
ta^n^aya ^itayn ^oy 
tyry .tyiynaiv rasa 
io Dn« ,iyan8onna 

-ya oiyn dsii nya^an^a 8 am ntx ,im8 
ni8 .taasnp ya^i^osaiya^ \x pa taait 
P8 pn« in iypn Dy 8m lirvfie* ^y taay^a 
.ypayntaya p8 tyti^^a wsn^nnya jyaxo pn 
-ya o>a P8 tyDyaya ta^a nxa oxn ny ya^yfii 
08H iy nn p« oyta "lym d^i P8 lypaiio 
-ai8nvya jyiiya p« iv mn .o^nnaya ta^a n$a 
-yaa8 taay^a tyaxo v\ .iiwvnnjttj is »t tya 
y^aD^ao^nya po 8T8 nn jyiyn ta^a 
-^."fl 8H nya^yn inn ,8^. 8n\ |tj^Kra»iji 
P8 |yi8iiya tay^aiiaya nx ynso n^ina ya 
.DiTy' tjjrp>i"5p 8 ta^yiv nyn jypa8^ya taxn 
in px taay^a ny ya^yn .[yta^^^nxo xh 
px 5no D'nn:n-^ya p , t Tin jyoya pn8 
.tyiaita^ »*\vt 8 jyiymya jyay^a ^yaixa 
tyiaio^ yan^tay tyax^ax iy ^ay^a lynaxj 
nyai ,ny-iyn^a ytaxo px 38P rjnww « oro 
Dma ta o px axTaax? anoyn 
ya^yn .jya^n xn^ px, ry^^a xn faiyo^xo 
x xm ntx, ryaai^-ya taxn -\yi"i nyn nyi 



33 



■trtr;s« J8 pa cpipnya "ijn 



189 



-»n jjnnnei ^y^^ *nx py 5yn. tx — 
-wo t"o Byu rxi n^2 P*» fynypx ,JnayB 
px oaxnp ya^wox p»t jyaniya pnw ?y: 
kh jyay^ lyanx px Dy xw pit? 5yn tx 
axn nyayrB"a->x vn dxii ,mp& jnyiitp 

.Ba^yaamx to ci"»i» 
i5fi or ly^xnyaa^x dhx-t bxp wrojn 
yaniya-iyp xh BiyDyia-iya Bsn px yin 
ny "lmyo 0x11 nyax .p^axaco px iyaiia*K 
BpixB&nya px tyawo pn Banooyaya Bsn 
pn oxn ^nyv r^x ^axnp-aaaix^nya pn 
,t»B» pa dsb xh onyDynnya iran 5ya 
.Htty^BWiK Bay^a ny ya^yn 
~xa B'taity'yaDnx Bxn DiHXBxa nyn 
pa .yoiion p*p bo pm yaai 1 x t'^voyi 
x b^e ps ,yn^xa y^jrannya nsJ x 
djts ps tyapaia xh jyii .pj riwepft nxa 
dxh ,B>naya*iv tynya tya^n ^no-2iijrD»m"n 
■"K B^nxpynva *ixa yBoxapnya xh jyo 

.twits ayi nyj 
nya x ,-iyBBXpiya x tM*«ny px ^ioy 
px .Tyaaiassn yama dte njww /twmhs 
ny tx .B^nwoya arpx "in bxh dmipw nyi 
do /lyDTiBayai^K tib? TwSwmyfi x px 
nnx ps ny-tfya yaya^x W"t *mx aaioax 

.DyixBD yaya^x y:."? 

,B"s nyn px jyiiya dx*t nx yianj to 
Bxn n»arr5ya pn tim ,asB >h «n ny^n x 
-»a tytavy^ oyn jyaxo pn px Bpxnya pn« 
aay^a T^anyriya .nmj© yanyn p»t pa \vo 
nys iv ds~i i\K5wr?^5 ]"i b^v tyTx^ iy 
B"V bo to 5>oy Bsn 5isd ayi nyas .?yn 
■»iw ny^Darpw p*t is t^jix^nx idkhw 
pn tx ,ts^Tflron t3xn ny k^ii ,^8tpK nya 
t3Qxt3cyjj« ,t3rt3Dy^,ya ijn^^ ttiyii ryasn 
Dini P iyiw t^n yaxnix »n '.Dyio x *iya^ 
-iy ynma x bMnpa B'ey Bum rrarrSira r ,n T 
ryi^Mi x ps majn't px r a«b oyi D^iya 
nn^vn jd'^wpw x d>?d ny t3^n ,txso»w 
iv dix .rycm px iyoyn& t3vyryj pgnw TT 
y^ia xh px tl'D'a xh .oya pn tya^noiya 
rw«t .mrtwvi t3xn iy w^jni ,p^ nyty^ 
xtx b^d jnjn^» xh to y3"x tya>^ayj 
tytD^n «t xm nrx M^tfyyv yiy^nywK 
oy ijtojm njm Dryan^-iv px D^y^atj'yj Tt 
.tyax 1 nyan^x tsyn 
iny» vw dxt o^n ^»y "iyo>i» ijn 



Dony: ixn ( n:xn "ly-iyany-^ny tyr pa 
,ny;3in nyn i^bw iv B>na a^B fjrrr tya 
inx 1 \yisr ryixa^ax ]v:vp *& 5bm puhj^t 
.pjKna nayr^iB rv:xr,v s ,^ax nyix tnyv 
nyai lya^r ya^jm r "iyB"anx xh tx jyay^n 
jwwjiwww iv a^x^> ryay^ nyn B^rniBiW 
ryB^xii ,typn2xa px jy^o xn px B^a*i« 
.5nia t"B pniya xjpb ina 
iv Bn^ana iy bxh b-.x p» xtx spin dx 
o^fa B'taix pn anaya'^anira ,^^t iw»miya 
o:y^a iy .ryv.x^p^-p^ xh pa B^aix njn 
-x5pts> pn tx ,pjx":ya ay- Bns lyBD'HB ^t 
Byn xn pni tx px ^yo^x n^x b*o t\s »ijm 
x ryaynpyaas i,yasn ny eyii ,iwhj» tt 
"ayo xh tyaya DiTx Byn yrtfyn f yDiD y^a\i 
b>2 >sa ,xwnia x xm |yay^ iv B^pa^ 

^HayB^aix 
si^ix tyaaia^x yy^ymyp xh bo nyax 
yaHBay>t^ya xh bo t»ix ,Ba^ lyna nyi 
"xn.tyayayaiya^xinBxn iy ya^yn iv ,mxn 
yt^BXDyBD^D xh tx .jyo^WTjaaiji bo jya 
lypTii bo ^xt lyax^) P'f pa aaia^B^aus 
.nanya nyaiyT^x pn nnx Bay^ 
pa tyTH iv |,yaix:;yaax Q$n yj 
dxii jyixnya t\s rya^B pn .ariaxo-j-ya 
nB^ya pn px iya»w px ny^ia nyB'ni 

."iy^Hxa:x^yo 
nyn on:x oayoyii px .DiH^Bxa ijn 
-]ni pa px lyisnya Baxnya t^x upx^ih? 
-y: ya^Bsaso v^ tyoipya Bayfo ny |yo 
B'TjnyaD-nx piww -\yriy: cn^x oxn ,B5>xn 
■in yBax iv y:"i nxa B5rrnyaax ^n:x px 
pa BEiXj^yrya x px unya yx:xi cypw 1 ? 
nya yaHDay^ya yBax vv xh .jyma-jyDxa 
.By'nayB'ya. dihxb-xj *WPt bxh .lyonioi 
xh ax lyaxfii^ px ry:x» pn asyD ryaxn 
Banpiya Bxni "iy ya^yii ^ax-ip-oaaix^H-iya 
iv bo inyv pit^ dx"i Baax^ya nyansn p« 
H-ya ?»n y^x "ixa 5xo P^x mxi ny .an^x 

TX .BTBSTS^D DIHXBX^ "1JH' BXH .i^B^ 

-aanxi x ,PxiBxa x xm myv bo t^x iy 
nnx 1 t'anx ax Baan jyn tya^yn .nyD^anx 
tyamaya w Ban^iy bo. pr oy lyqyfii px 
BD^anya Dy xm Baxip v^ lynx b^v \^\ 

.DiTK in 
Birn ,BaxnBya ^By tt Bxn ,n?x anx. 
iynn^a iv tya'Hax px p/axn nainn ixa *iy 
.jyay^ iy^n:nx~i « 



190 



.tasnpix an 



34 



-Dnix Dim \vn torn ,nm.T5ya |y:pBayo£x 

."ia ?yti0y:i 
lynsiiyj Mm px r^mixnyJXffl D'^cy 
.nySsasiynB* px lyiynt 1 ' r^x *$v x dsii 
ira r iyQ miiyD fyaxo twyfo lyoyia iyi- 
ar$D px 5xia y^y-a px ny^ ny» px ^p 
Dxn ^oy .inn s xm tyannx m iy tttjtfa 
.annowfT &*■» in tyntaxiya is lyjuxsiyjix 
xn xm ,5yt^D iyin y:yiy*Bnya jyonyj 
D»:n ^xd Dyny 1 iDDnmx iyax nytyn yttfx 
iyi &$n ,iy^o nyi tMH^jao^K raxn iy 
5s* iyam -DssDrwus Dim iyrn nyrr , s 
.T^yitnyaix unnnyH px ?yay5 pn .cy»j 
iy tyn ,iynyi2 ms tyaxa dtp* D:y^a iy 
.B»na ixax* ,p»bb> iyny* aayfe 
px yDruynyam kh dxii 5ypy iyi 
,t£jm lysmn ijn is tySfpa yanprnp 
-yn .opm ,Day5 cr$n oy5>« is 
iy .itdpj D'^oy p« pnx pn ,m Djyn 
NHWJTd pa bbwpSotw xn B3**tim dni 
-j»k wrwurj own "iy .tyjjunxn ran*? px 
-Nats* ,iyi^ya ytaDni d"<d BtyttnyjoiiN ,dnt 
tyjyjyjya is b^ din ,B3x:j "a inj anayps 
px jnb .Dnyaytyya ypiyayS pn b*j yn^yn 
w> u"TW pm px u«a^Ksa iy b#*i sawo 
.iyayrDB"aix. pn pa nmyo whSwiiw 
inn ry ,,- «3ya Bin .lyjun t'lxa nub xn 
pa tyBtmnyaas emu Ban ,iayan pn pa 
in bsh iy iyax .BpNiBiSp Dyi porta 
x \-\yi d^ii px jyi^iya iras tyB^xnya 
■pBrw an dkbotk Bma ins i'n ayB ixa 
yiqyrei iy"Tiya is w* B."aiN yan 

dis tymSyapyiix. in iy ta^n 5xa pm 
xrjy is tyawD w Di^ya ayn t3«o ovwoija 
p^n Dinso^ nyn nya^ -aptrwMijp ayn pa 
lM.-tw D«n tk .Diny^Piy ^yts^ r'anx dtpk 
■5|r$j ryn v ^ « anna t»* ny .i«t ya^:y»jm 
lytonno anm 5r$t Din iyn i^ax .tphj 1 ,Y *n 
dik yn^y t'tn: ly^nmyanN or$-r. iy no 
-stDSJ Tin issrT ,tyoD'nD iv ^yo^a s nn\» 

iiwywix Din 
b»t nnm anxn ,in D^^pya nnm — 
N,m nny» »-u i^t is f ysitMi> sr.» iy nyajns 
iyrn d^i myau ^sisax-D^^'mya » 
tyjynnya w t»k ryD^anx ya^yrr y^« »n 
ya^yt d^t d^ ans .fywn D^yay^ nyt 
iv Dm ,nnm x.m nt« ,in^ s n ?inm ouni 



-a»j Diim D^n oy .jy^iDiyanx Qiypyi d^ 
p« ?yo"t s,H' i'K iyi^a^ is jyanny> 
d» r« ,»5n>EW o^n iy ,imnwi tlyDjm, 
tyT^^yja^iN in &%n iy .i^a pn dvs^s 
rm lyaiyp jysma i n r pa ^iwdin in PK 
.D"iw '^y^Jyp: , D{i , p« nyD^xp r«« )k anix 
nyam qp« tar*n tt«W3*ir» ,, j yjn'nw^n 8 
Bjypya d*j myo jntj* Di?n ny tx ,DrD>yn 
ycsy^ an d*d in ruyDnyj^* ..tyto^nonN 
ij$j Mi pa tsww t^^ k in iy iMjn f nima 
Dy^s tyauiayjons iy tMjn ayno sn inx 
•lyj^^y; cajsn lyayrD^ms v^ D*pi 

D^i'ny^Dns tasn iy myo wpii iya^ 
-yna iyi^ni iyi di>m inyo r^- iyj«D V! 
■r$DB> pm: p« lyo^snya ,nn:nnya r«n ,iyD 
.im^pc-rn^ pn pa tym^ Dyi rya 
D'na^iya n$n ^oy lyanpn^is iyi 
tyoay^ s im n»^ wk tnn tyroo thyam 
nwrru p»t is ,Dnny: D^n iy m — iinyj 
-yasnK p« DHJ p« in *yay^Dmx jnxsw 
.mawi"!! jyayP' Tsajtfa yrn y^s tya 

-yj nn:n-^ya t*n in pm ^d Diyim ix 
■jiiraiyaimty^nasD D^DaxD^y^in.ryDyt 
.r^n dnet'smsp fynyrw p« py^D k tra typ 
ps pi's x px lyiiya ^»y tm m^yo nya 
.nya inx ;ypip pu Daynniya in osn 
ny rs ,ma nn lynxny: on'x t*m ^ijsbs era 
pntm.iyjnpaaxnxD'n iy tx D5fp&w dxi 
«n jyonD^ jyanny^s iy own ^^a'msiya. 
pa iyi*np k»i jyo'n ,iyjyo y^m ,s anyi 
Dim is pn indd^sb x fyn tm ,iynia nh 
jmytto k DUK?ijn Dim iy D^n f t.ya.»5yjis 
iyi px Dsy^y^pynn rxi Dim D^n \vn 
■a^jyjDnx 5»d»3r in. er*n iy mn , ,v snxa 
or$n nmn-^ya pn Dxn ,pni xn pai »isb 

.•yp.niDy: 

Daxiay^ Dim D«n jyo tyn ,t»mjB inx 
ttfgii" :t33tx>yj' in vs iy dxi ,iycan I'nxa 
x nya^ix jyannm &) nmn^ya p^a roxn 
xnaru dxi dst iyax ".ty'na't** is Dy*n 
lya^-yn ,tyrm xn pa iny: iyi .tyaxiDya 
Dim Dxn ,m$n \"i pa lym^y^anix own 
tyannyjm dxi iy px D'-na^^'yjr'x isrvy\ 
yijyrynjx y^x ixa nytaan oyi jy^in is 
-nxiya Diim jya Dxn ixaiyi ;faan»J px 
px iyax .o^^yayj inx 1 "ns inx b^md 
V^ pa aiipini xn nn ,mix aye ixa x 



35 



.t3">tDy&8 ]$ pe Pppn.j?s nyn 



191 



pn xni ,op-iyoya ny B$n aatfspnisnse B'n 
nyny^nyaaiK is b*d t^pjn. BaanpoayayS 
.Ijnijnwi o-x-yjonx nrx px ny ;B"p5jw 
,nyp v a jw»m spin pn;xny; px B^in xh ts 
&sn ,ty"-nya Bajtfa ny ya^yn ,p*w *n 
oxn cy ,$piH»y»ra px ;Bnny;ya b*j biPK 
a^nayw^nya^K ,-iyanyp pn dtwmpw ptfa 
px nyaain pa frpsjn ryaoyta x m i«a 
a^a my^ &tk tyay^a yaVii ijkbjwivbw 

.tyaxn yaw 
i$5pjnis nt« B*n ^y tyu ,bt»x njn p« 
TT pk ,iyaxi xh nya^x Bnynaxnya anx 
-yna Twwtf-Daarrne nyn ,rpanr^ya pn 
-ainaya px jyDyaya B$n px lyoyry; ,nya 
-no ty^o D'^oy p>x aHjya 1 $wa'>Hx ,\VP 
,«5a xni ijnw .pw iyo 
is ^oy Bxn lp»5aaw nxa dxii ins — 
dxii ,nya-iyp i"» t^n^n b£$ii .aasrya m 
bxii ph amo> ya^yrx, pa Bau^aya Bnyn 
tj>Bxn ny b?sii ,oaxn5ypy nrx amx px r^x 
tyoyii p^n nyn lyais ;iitt"5 is onynyaanx 
.notw p*e »ni nnyo oanpnya axn tk 
.maom pis nxa B^anx spinx.TD tins bj"5 
jytnaya b^ n^o oyu btib nyn k^ii nnyo 
...ianup b»d pa 
-xnyasnx pa unmttMP KH pa n>n 
isnoya t»5 x m ny Bxn tyay^ pa onyo 
Bensxews d.tk B$n nyoxii osn .i"B ais 
osn tyo .tya-jnaewsmH pnx p« ny px 
Baxiaya px Bay^yaomx i"5a "iya$ nrpx 
-ya >yD*ax in Bxn.ny wn aaunixn, pn is 
oxn ny dxii yjKii nyB^xp nyn pa Brmn 

k lyoi.py: d.tik iv pk w^m *py* 

.n^an-^ya p^r pa nyna s wz> 5-wp nytDJuya 
»n ojstyjJS an^x im tMfn lytyn p« 
ny»t pa yuy mv r^a is oj^n pa tx ,mwa 
oananx; n-yn nyojis'i \"i ny oyn r t3pmtMUip 

^iyp tyryn pa 
■ijntyj asiJ an^: vt in B«n in^s 1 — 
th ,iynm o»t f tND~nnan nymnya nyn oyn 
in^« b^t nnyo ,nyny?anx ny^x pa tk 
iDjjs^ya VPK !jys:ip yjprs iyas» o^i I'd 
-iya D»ii nn^x ,p»5n tt iv nnyo »y pv^ 
Esn nn^s jya^yn nxa ,^*m»». ny^x oanp 
r nyuymtD r^nya p« dds iyoi:y;as v» 
oayn t ,n P &sn px lyay^ wn btid dhxi 
ponyj nn*K Tya^nw « tyn .lyono iv in o s j 



tyrn ,^ytD^D;yay^ wd'u kh lyoipya 
-nyv ov: pn w ,yaiDt^ ^yn ix nyu:nx 
-y-;x nxa jytrasns \$bw w p^so x xm 
r ta-r.*»D^ dxvi njxn Kn nx nytD^anx nyn .yn 
;»ayn .tsaoru ,oayo ,wyt .onyoxn ,dbx^p 
-mo ,ma»5p dsh r^sn xh t^x nyaan njn 
;iyt3»j amx btx^ .ty^jno Dnnx u^ ^yj-j 
-y;:x xh tx f nmR opa^n .11 .r .x .11 .: .x 
~»K; ny^T jyamayj ceex p*n px yn^yo^ 
■•exa nn lya^x lyeasno tbtrs tae ayjy: 
nx^ ?iya^n^nya>x w jyaxn »t yafyii ,tn 
d^ ,oay^y: ny^r d^: r^x dxi iyp:yn to^ 
iy:"i «t .D^yDt^y^x XT "! ty^n ajn inx 
I'anx un^DK> ix ny:j^a xm ,nnyo t:rv: xn 
"ujojbp i^n px txo is jyaxn »m .ny^axa 
ya^jni f o«snn ix jyn^o^ ^^yn-v nynx myv 
nya f tyr:y:nya j*»ajm nxj "t toaiXdya 
r jynyDB' _ aiS!p nyn pa jyjynp »»t ,mnyp 
Dax:. nyn spix .tynnyo px Djyjxo ytsay^ 
.tyjHjy w o^anx m d^jd ixj »t lyony: 
,iy^xn^ ya^oy tm nnyo fyjymya w aix 
.a^jnxii nyn nxa jy^nxvya is Dxn d^o 
yryn ,iNDnyjjp ,p^x nx^ oaxnoya laa^n 
pa ,nn^x xm m; nrx ryi 1 ^ B'^ wav 
-nnya 0^ "i pa ipa»* in fyp tyayivbDjn 
nn^x dxii oxn nnx 1 x p« bm/hp ny rx ,?yo 
-•"Hiya ny^x nxa bx:x» I^x px. Bjynp 

.B^anN-cajiK 
■niB ^py^w jnyiM® nny? pk ay — 
■n^: iv BDniB xh B'J i^ax axn i , x :r-y 
y^x pa nyBDa^pn^:ix nyn pa i\s rx jya 

.ya^a-yoL" 
axP ny^x px Bia t"*i« in Bony: — 
-pnpy c:yo nyoynx nyn lo^mxn yn:y;5xa 
nyuix px pn^x in ixa nnyo 0^^ bi^o 
~XP nyi ixa nx^ ,oax^^yiy; nybr»p^n ,, s 
.lyo^anx is dhxk o^yoty nya^yii BD^xBns 
nsn ny 1x11 nynx cltx in BDi^nya ay jyn 
.nxny^a a'nyjy^ ryvuonx 
nxojxP cy'DinxBXJ pa Dmx px ^oy 
-onx tynuy: Bxn iy .nyayas^^yjnyn^ x 
xitvjt nyn px xni iyax: k?t lya^x ixnynasii 
tyon^y; oxn nyjjm "Tya^pyn^ nyn jyii 
in ny oxn f-xo pv "iyax .onyTJ y:"i 
.n^vx xm i^pn^^ix nrx B^n^ayi Bfiwj 
P">p B«ny; b s : ny oxn BTxiijy:y: nyn px 
ny Bxn oa:ipis lyi px px ,yn^na n\v 
?ia .a:i3B$n dis^ i<ip lynyry: d>j in nxe 



192 



.BBJlp'X KH 



36 



ny^'satr whs 1 ? n ryaso iv tyjrnv nrp» 
mna s fymnaw w din nyn^ya xh nya^N 
"'"•3 .rrnrr^yn pn tub WByas fW^isiKFWjtfi 
tupSfi ,tf»n t'na bbnbwjs jn»»i ,3nb 
pn typn t'anx in ?yn*vDnN tySyii ^oy 
nya* ,njre> nxxa n T^iyiiyajiN 'its iw»$ 
•»na i^nyj wo amN twy^a nynytanN nyn 
nh rynnya iv nyaya bin ,pn» ayn pn rya 
ti« jytjma n nywm tywna is iik p»fi«> 
.nyaya-Dwans fnaa woyas typists 
iv lyayru* ^oy isn oay^a pmjy»"x 

.n^truspD iya&D 
Day^a ! wsson p^o ,wa n$a in ypna— 
ny oyi "a lya-nonN aayiD&y lynyranNi nyn 
-m »t .D^poNTanNnyaaiN pa tya«sr ty^^ 
pa tn ,t*n» iv DD$n wn ?yoyn wo jyo 
nh tn ,m ta>n $b ,nn pa nyDanya ?y^a 
oamyT nh< I D'pna'yj iwnp otj»a od^nt 
.ns&pin s pa D»M"3f n m "a vk s«>n an 
onywjn ayn pn ,"v^$a iyi pa 5>ny&ya n 
,*rnn jyo ya^yn tynnyaso y?s f o*ja«i5njj 
-^ f - pa pwtfn pn m Bnanuii w pnic din. 

i tNoayn 
^ya pn osn jyanxo nna Dyjnyc? n pn 
Si jpk dnti. tya^aaN in jynynaiyaanN man 
-yj, o$n ny -i^anynya n v u nyin'/uwe ?yii 
wiNSitpya &#n ,ip-b»b wo iy£w.&j> wyaN^n 
anya pn t?">a ,ib"B pa jyoanya yaynysmyB 
ny tn o^ranyn onh ^oy .oyaipNptfD o»d 
jyaa^yaaN o«n ny .nywiyDyoity'iv n wiyn 
pa ,nyw/ann'ya n ww\ nw iw n*ms n 
-aNiN t$w\w wd an*N Bsn nyoayii nyn 
nh *p\N o^yo^j pyn,K ,oya pa nzyrjyi 
mw nyii jya«o iv jyaynoyi pjnw pn o^a 
ny iv t»t di« jjhj ny^vKa^ nyjyayn^yj 
-3iK pa :nya jEpa&KiNW Xi1 *i Iia tjnyoa"? 
pn pn* |yay?ya iyrn d«hi r r»fliB» yoynnya 
-yj in o^n ^y .pw Tinsnw x «ni {yjijo 
o>d nynyrans nyn pa o^n nyn »a oay^* 
"VWQ ^n jya^ni »t twi .D^nyonso- Dm: 
"jk in «» lya^n ,ajn\ tyamyj « *inR oynyn 
"^jnii ,tynia px nyjyo man x js WQWvyi 
•iyax^ p.K jyn^n put p« jyo^xnyj nya^n ya 
nya^njna ,jyo>o p« jyastt^yj t'K ~jp 
Si taj^n lyoay^y: nya^j \^i .jyoy^s pa 
.yano k xm \vatfp 
I o^pa^nyna ypoo«n «■ nxa dkii — 
— jinan nyn pa nyj^x opnyoya o^n — 
in o^n n»n vs^ o^ w oan^jyj njni oSim 
,t"ae' 5ya nrx o^o^ oasnayjoix o^ ny^ 



-Jin pa tyi^iiyj o^ii a^i riyay^ ajn in 
oama ,\m nyny^no -lyrn ?jran >ya nyt 
t>k Dy ?aoy ny d^h ry^Tiya o>j jyi ny 
,tynin no ina \"r :aa»»6»i« iyn:« p»p tjwj 
,i"x tiKiii i v « .twa^aiK nyiy^» no n^anyn 
ryoi,no \v un^na oyn irpx tjjb Km tk 
nts J^o^ x pn ijn8flB'J ,, K v* V* ^yn ,in 
■«npya V* asn Siyaya kin .nyjy^^o 8 k*h 
nts wj in iiT« bahin ryoy^s isj isj .ty: 
linyp b^b o^ oyn. nips .nxn kh lyayass 
oDssyianN pw asn t« .wanw ny^N pa 
tyasn in ps ,i^s n»a w^ man »iw inx 
urn r B5yii n^j^ inx, iyjsioyja.8 SyM? in 
Dsn .oaxioya iisj .\yoy &2 i,sj oanna jyo 
&a nyt3i« nyo-sna nya^nnyayj po s n»a 
inyo dnii hnx 1 ' nsiw yi^s iv ,pn ^'n-'an 
.ny or-ip o^yas pyoyij s r^?, .oayia ny 
in o5n*D ny ? DiTn dnt oiyo^p d^m pn 
"ina pip wj ayn pa usn o»n ny ,oi; r:w 
-iya nh na jis 1 ? nm bi^atj' ny jjj»«ii 
I ovoN^a ,oanp ny ya^yn pciwaromrpH 
-nsstD^ivony^yaT^Ni^oTN^^n oa^n — 
nv pio pn D5>*n cn ! anaNOitJ'JN pa rya 
.pirw bid tynwDPN ^oy iwjtn i oaup 
■js tya^p^jJiN ayn nxa in Ban ovy^ 
T'N ovy r^a .fyay! 1 ' ons ny^j s lyjJKay: 
-in D$n ,naxv>o ^ya k am ptn rynyi iy 
-naxa cyn nxa n^n nyn pn in »a D«a 
nyas r ta»wnfi pa tyiw .j?, jiuyasn ,o:np 
nyn «m ntN tyn^iya iy nx, [s jnd ayn pa 
pn onsaunya t^n nya^yn ,nynNo,y^^-ia 
lyi nyor.N pna'sa a'nyayi o^aiiN v<] 
.iso'isa n pa oananN 
a'n^an-^ya pn pa oro^ymya^N rnjy^n 
tyayjyjianN ny osn ,niniya yanni jh^niu 
pOpsntM-sp nyn on^> ya^yn ^ynyvNa^ nh 
pn ,^no ww ryaNO oanxny; mn ny 
man 1 ? oayj pn jyn jyjjynanya o^y^a 
iv aiN n^i iHjyanp asns ,iyrivyjanN 
-ya yK"jN^nna jh'twb'u nhi jy^^any 

.yonaTl 
DNn jyo jyoyn ,nyaN nynyranN. nyn 
-rnax ^ ^oy m ,iyayi iv aaioau op^^yj 
opNnDJNP ayn pa jyopjia y^N Jjynotr iyo 
n o^ i^aN in ,tyjiNT iv jyannyaji? o.^n 
B$n ^oy DNn ,b^v nyny^no nyn pa yjn 
j^o nsj sm .ryiVJ pn tnyo 1 ^nt ,oanpnya 
px oya tiB r'^oy jyay?tj> a^nN ny ojy^a 



37 



.Befits |8 ]is ?ppnya njn 



193 



-ya i»o BDsn n InyDyna in !nnn n laav 
b^b BamajuaiM sftpa pw bdnh ,w'J"b 
nnyn naa ooflw n pa »T«itD pfiijSMnjwB' r 
pr B^xfrisB nyD¥y^> pn {aiaya Iiys&s 

lyoipya 

bra ,rDpipWDn« n.n Bsn ..J? ny-p^N 
-iin •T'la p« ^ip n iyD,Ri£>yaa ,, nN ^oy dh^n 
.pna*> n k^i jy^Raya ny-pjR pr nyeyna 
pyuR ^»y p» ,tana ps ny tn anaypayi 
B?nynyn. BnNn Ban pr »nr5iji njm p« 
-yj DN.n ikd^d^p nyn .yeawya snuiu «n 
,DyayaB>i» R eta pnB nt BR,n ny tR Ba-"B< 
-b*ik nyn |Wi5 w lynipyj p« n^Ra nyaa 
•Tn o'^ey Bansyetyya bwjbi p« nyny? 
...e> Tt tasn diik ijoipi ya^ey pR ■ 
-laya ^n bspi ym "uutfi pn pa B^nyaDnN 
.nnuw jhpb?«m y:"T re Dy^a r nyan* jyc 
lynRiiya mKBBWB"* pk fc>iByn ?na» 
-ya naae ditk B:»n tye ikii r fij»jjnw P* 
-nyn pk»-dm»w n PR nNa-pnaty n b^b |yn 
.Dtapeg pm Bavipnya bsh ny oka n«e 



".Btyn nyB^ns,, njn ix on; « 

nn„ Baynaya jrpna ya^vnyn n b^b 
-oyp fya Dyn 'Wnynya Dayna B&aipw 
-y^Nna tyt^-pR pa tyrpn kh pn. nyaa 
jsjtib fyaniBiB pr jya^-iny ayn ,Bisn*B 
tyeas^pnynya K&nus yea^a^tnya xh pa 
BaRBnyi ytfy)\ „,B&m Tye^anR nh„ — 
"aaiB"* nyb"n*TK,„ yayry^ya sn in t^vii 
-»*otwj sh aSsany tyBaya ayn lycani to 
-3*5 "iy«t p« jyBrN^pnynya iwn*K yea^a 
»n hm aaiD"¥ rtr .aaianyanyBaiR tu5 
ny ya^nyiany is pk "D^yn nye^aix.,, 
-as^a ps jjftjjnjjtB »n njynnya ps a:ip>L" 
-a^« p« tyoD^s^^D y^x pa yvetf jrJjf^ 
tk ,iyan fya^n i^d .nye^anx yeiy^pya 
t*k ty^yTi "eaaipix,, nyi pa nyiy^ ven 
ds^ ,t8ais jyiyn yrna nno jyonyaa-'is 
ty-iy^va^s p;k tm. , »P3«rws in Bsarnart 
-yn ts .tyasn vos? .nve"an« bwth kh 
n» wn xn jyay^aMs* Dyii aaitr^* y? 
■>nx yasensni ryaa^na ps uiayjiya nyo^a 
pk ur^nmv ?ya"T ya^y^i ,yeayip k^t \yv 

.t2"nayaa&nya iyi p« uns"prB 



,any>',£ \ny* nxa >y»a« unvyj tD^i dwi 
? inyaainya h:n:n ^sa ;yn "n lyasn dwi 

■-•y^^s pN jya^taD^ p"»: pa p^aas ny-n 
-yaa^vx t^pjne' esn n^an tya jya^p^a 
sh Tin "l^ aniaysiecain .j'^oy oaxia 
l»t iv pneya ?n^"ii n ^n -y Dsn ,ya:yo 
ny esn p^iya ly-iyn^a k b^e .cr»a o'-nyn 
enye.ty iy dmdi ,nn^ sh' pa e^nyxiyio^K 
ly'i-iaya iv n^om jyoyaya D^n p« -,Dnn 
ta^n ny . ,| ''^y2^'>p > J• -ly^r'vj'ax pn pa dtpk 
n^ya yxasa am innypi.VDi« tyaKTaenya 
Tty5fj«a nyi T»a iiyaijnpya e$n iy dkii pmv 
-ya ,naie kh pnta dh^k ?st iy Tia ,d^v 
jk pa p^ac sh [yrnya pa d.tk jy^na 

•ty-ynax 
osn — ?nyayavB^o iyi ^-n dki*. — 
an^N aHayonetyaK ,\^vyi "ivy* k ...l- 

.Dia i'e^e 
jineya brti r T^a u ^n lynyrapR nyi 
k nn^N 4 es,ni ,iya^P I'-Ka jya^^p^aaiK ay- 
vzy^'yi ?yv>x px Try -y- pa pjieya 3*w 
ny^r ps anjjttyip ,njn&ya yry^a iya^K 
n b^ linijya iaD^ anss iy esn aaiansii 
.ay^p y^n»e yj^n 
lyaiy^D^iK t*i oyii f T* an&i ,a«"i — 
-ya o^-ia nyTaix j-ya^nnaiNya iv ^tn k^ii 

!nya 
s r^ii ^eu> iya^ ;yay^aya t^k ?'»y 

.^ya^yp yaynaiaya 

* !fc 5(5 

nana R tr i^ir eayne t>^ijye"X -iy;x 

.D^ny^a^R tanyv, 
w ny taijui — ,toyviyn$nya asn ^^ — 
-aRaR din ,]y^^>yi asn ^>s — ,oaNrya t^ 
nyanN DypR asn ,tyo'aya \y:yp ^i Tynyn 
D^nianyi pw asn n^N tn T^iay .tyj^"^yj 
f Da"iiya -^ asn ^^x jnya nina y: ,v r dni 
{yaiNnpya ^nj ^>n asn iNanyi ! (ynsyaya -v 
pvj* pn D-mta *iy- tn ^n^p v* ..-BSSP 
pw PR ay .a^neie "i ! fi^R nye» .oaynsa 
.tjnfwnvw dnii sia^a k^ii "d 
ny pn nynyta^N ayn aH:y'-:rL":N 
pn iv pneya tn^ n tt PR iy^N^ya onnN 

.rnn pN nya^a^a 
n.n ttRn anyay? pR uny^neflx r rBoi5 
r jb^'b dis nn tyvuyr w iyay^pya ...l" 
-nyn bsh ny r>ii r BBRayajR d.tr dnh pyna> 
uvd r nRsn ye^yeRSi^ nh b^b i'^^y jynyr 
Bpntyaa^aix ^Ntaa^a n d^b ^w^a y-i^m 

.nORHi pR 

! D>a n^o d^d ! BjnwBNn — 

nya^DDyntnyny^a n Jaa^a^a h — 



194 



• OSilplS K"H 



33 



"lagoon ra WTK 



:$v \yvm"n na ww* yooyo^y «n pa vmwyi ~iv"i 



inMmwnjca^K pa 



J? y o i a & p Djum 
•jyois jn:y pa tnyrain 



—.tpam ninth is ^«K2»o — ."lyaDiy Tjn nanai — .("lyai^pyw nyr) ijtn*u intpn 
-Npy — .-iyDn"u Tin TyayQ — .tt»anijpiDpy'?N tntnis — .wsiiiij^mib 'yDpy^N 

"BJ?S «BJ?3«T> I 73; — .N:ilN:jNNi N«N — .1J?B'mS TJH TyBJ?B — .yBDTJ? KH NJnyB 
JlDi'llS N'T NJ'TyBNpJ? — .NJT1NT 



tyoip iv ibtpm tsa^i^ny ny o$n t*nno t'a^K 
iww timyj pk Dip 5n^ia* f ?y5"u*rt PK 
-yj tyasn a»5am ,?jr*p*3 an pal iy^n wn 
."u*5 pa nan yo^ia 8 o»n 
-yj t,y:"T ay) onow «m us &*** an 
-ow tyo^J t'o^o lyenyn ywon "vra tyu 
.IBHTK ono tyn:ianya jpTpnpnyo pk (n 
y'noK p»p tjmyi o^ tyj"r nytnyn yryn 
o^ tyaun "T ,iifirj» tye»on pa nyj^sasj 
■»> p« y^oisa TypDrnsx in pa bowsbw 
nyg^on "iyi pa nyanan oiyn «t na nyi 
Dip Vtbwwpt?,, tyanyajs yoa^ya 
na trmo am ^j ".now itns£x&,, :oo"'n. 
"in tyay^ayi arra na jyi«t "or^n: ikivk 
nyj^N px, is-upa tjmd-sj t'o'o ny^x .inn 
-ya oaanayaoia m now iytn .now 
"»* /nsjn«:i ansa w ,opjy"j ?yo ;|ynu?n 
,i8oa«ni iyoo:poay» p» lyoo^nonya o'tsn 
im "W y^pw .tyoTno tyr^yi bppr asn 
tsnya & tyrynya tt oka oipo D'nsru^B 
-on** T1 osn nya^yn ,py^aynos iyo«3 I'o^d 
nytfseosi typoan nyi ,now tb tyayjyi 
omniyi m8oe> ^itk osit ny p« ,?»nnb na 
ornpya dh^k o^n- \vn d^t ,p^a d»i ^i« 
.oBnynyj *)$'? o^j nyaij. ojjn ny .n»v d^k 
imno ayi tya^opya \"i iw mw s t n x tyi 
a'liy^aynn^ ^^i .ojmsony arp» ty& ojjin 
,18D i? tyty^iya -\vnv^\ Tt oisn ismuttanip 
I'noK ayn *i^a tyayayao^x: ^n mn ivrfyv 




ojisa 5!yo^S8j> *iyty^ 
na 0"x nyn o>o nj 
-Tsna tiwv* iss nyi 

"in o$n nya^yin ,"«: 
r>a 1534 na ony^ 
-ynya jyn tyii .1581 
-"0 s Ta Djjni Bjys 
nyDNinii nyryn. ^yn 
Tt \vd \vp Av^Vi pk fyon kn pa nytjnyn 
-yj o»n ny jji5s«w 8 n*a d^ii ,iy^ywu$a 
nyi nMai'vo d^n .tyn^x \vm ivnnyi vmp 
na DjjN^ya 1549 p« tMjtn ,ry^na pa rjyp 
is lyan^ny ko^ pa tyTK kh ^t ny an>s 
-^yn f *a«»ajjf an 0'i^ nis^ pn p» ty^nawrr 
-yi ny o$n ,nynnai pa o-i>t5Dnpy t^sn nya 
-jya yryn in.^^n ?D8*r>, ronyaojyyj f i , i" 1 
n^» lyrjiR onyooy^ya tya^n vtfy^ ,\m 
-no K.n oanpnya u^ p^o p« tya«n pk 
^a iy$Ta«r» ?y^r — (P8380) ly^y^a man 
typ "^'K iwnyvyi w: oyiii djh ?ion5 pfc to 
">»*k tNm ny txni' "Ijjpt"? o^j. p^a dbwt 
,(1563 nns* pk) P'^^a oi^o^ men \vv\m 
ya^jni .tync y^K Snyaya pn tin jyo o»n 
p« tynna .nyjyo .ty^ayi tyonjjn T? iya«n 
h.»w T^o p« fyBTjjawManN .ijrw^p 
pa oasenyrr ijn fa jyo^v d'isivk pa 
-"•s lyasn (1605 — 16O6) tyoony ayi no^on 
ojn tix Dia s ty^yo^ams Di^t:yj d>j tjn 
*h*ik fK no^on tni nj«?on pa tin.ua 



39 



.•HMfoDn P« ttTPK 



195 



-is aanya k cya^r pk a$n ^b^w^M^d 
p»p tik ,tk r^p„ rtyaxnew nasten ^ya 
kh) «t nyaaiK tDnjni p^srtasp Tjwapn 
jn"3 ytyn "pa iwv "t .taytfnya Oyan 
nn b^>k (**".D.i?n tsnsnawm 8 \vsm is 
-$jm ,wa5»y»a (^nyaya typsrsp) t8D8B8 
pk tasn ,iy^ia tyaya evfrajn tasn iya 
ty^ya^ ta^siiya nyaaynas ya"T pk '•pt 1554 
-ikv »t a$n ,-ra&ten pa nt? ayn nytaaiR 
ty»nyaa$ a^nya ma pinions "BP^r 
yw>x *pik mna» 8 iwjd ty^r «i rin."B 
-<i>,ya Barr nyam nyi yaftm pa ,f,ytap3is 
n» iinSn is vt tw»k p>tk ya"p„ awe 
.fjrvK s tynynjn "t tvn ;tynyTixa« ma. 
■urn bk"i tw Jtrpa^osoBa b.tk "T ty^r 
»>iw "pa ^>kt p utpm 8 pa BKiiay aanp ay 
ytP'on an pa tyateriyapnis pn asasc 

Mjw»p 
-yn &$rt nya^yn .wiiy^apyas iirapfi 
s ryayayaa'HK bkh ,1682 ps 1676 pa aiy^a 
tnstaya bm iy3«n pttk ubSmi mi? wwi 

,811p&SD P« PBay^RDB pa \V12)p 

ta«n (1682 — 1725) nymna Tjn nyaya 
pk tyTK tyaya ^nBii&nKa k BKnya tik 
"n:i„ lis "T8„ .tay-tfmya a^a w own iy 
-»nj?a yjpafrt kh BKnya btpir "a jyasn 
arpv 5*tkp ny>yass>BaHtJ> "wmn ijn .aaia 
ayn P8 "asmnpRoin,, p»» pk mist nyayii 
&$»a aw "m, na&ten nya^K ?yp"»mK 
:a-i8ii any ay a pTyaRaKn.y ijnwn ayi 
,ya88B^ aya^D pk iinp yi"p ya^na tk„ 
"Jiaya ni 1 bpk jyon nya^n lyny 1 
-ya pa tram iitpk ma aana^anya pk 
,^SD3"« .yaa^ya xnaya^Ka ta^nawnjr t'nya 
nyt mm .asnyBBQ* p» ?yiiya' t»k *iy o^k 
ayi Pins unijiDtJ' nyryn. tia tjod"»wii 
5w iy lynyaya DiTH ijh^k kh pa aj«5nya 
*i^» nas^an pn i,y^ni8n iv iya*i^ »t 
:aiyai3ayyj nyoya an^ fivtn ya^a swyn 
nyn fyoynya a^n nrx) 'MyDB^i tbw P'o,, 

^VK P8 tJH^K «n typ T*« hJtoD"STWTj| 

kh ty^ipya a^ pk ^2 :iyan jw»»d iyp 
?yvyt!ya w ^t jyan^ny is tyn^K kh d»s 
dk"T' ,ty»»J t"» pk »: aj^r .i:k^ p^» pk 



Tauten a^n pk ,jnn a'^runa ikivk ,nna 
nyaany iy- wv mvv *$: onjnn-iwB'm 
-1^13 fyttcnnyn ay- mi^ .na^Dn ny^^Ka 
-»»m nyi t>k B»a^ , owoy , a Twnfocn \vv 

(*!tk k tjniya nenan nye^isa -ya 
jyT'K t>k Dna^- mm pa a^v ijn ^Ka 
-an pk pn is unipWJ iya^aiya isnyTi 
jya^nyaaK aijn a^a-ya iytyn pk ,iaK^ 
nan sanyaxpy pa a^x-aaanyayi nyi r^a 
WTO ayn ^8a ,ieio nn^ ayi pk .nyta^iia 
tyayn kh jyaijan ,na^a- jya^nv ajn pa 
dst anrvaya tyatjir bkii ^yiK^a won 
■yn^yaa ,, nK ly^ia a>n ^xoaK 18 pk ,1^ 
a^o ty^Kt jypK^Ka kh bsi„ ,apaia k tjjs 
,*inia k "a ^yn^K jvk \"p tyaa^na a^a in 
-8nKiK v a 5»H*3na jyii ".nnia p*p a^a "b 
■un y^^Kei "iyi pa nss lyaaiy nxn ^'iam 
-jn Bsn ny) ujnnta panK simK pk ,ii$a«a 
-8a kh an^K jya^n (1645 t>2 1613 pa any^a 
nyaany njn. bkii ,nn« rtx aan^iin ty-iK > 
Vi» iy28n «i p» iKnayaaK "t a»n na^T 
■nya Bya^n^snyeaiK ts i*6 aayayiyaa^ns 
kh aaKiaya ^t a^o asn- iy b»ii„ ,iyayi2 
pk, ("^^2ik^:k2) nynyD-ayaKa kh lin^s 

".n^np kh jynya Wrna Tirnn a^n 

— 1645) B^11S^83*» "BPSfr* 18X 

■y 1 T'a ^Kia^'anna k Dianseva &ntn (1676 
.anaayir aw lyaanp 8 ann^anya bkh ,\sn 
ya^a kh aaKtaay iy asn 1650 inK 1 ayi pk 
nya dkh *im?yn ,ty^ia pa a^ayp ajn pa 
38T lyasnaiyaaiK y^H^K v:"i t»b Daa«5 
,na«ten pw ly^nasn pk t^ipisa"*i« aayi 
BTuatJ' kh. ?yaiayaa"K tasn "iks nyryn iani 
aiKa^ njn pa nyan^a kh bkh pk ny^nsn 
,(1564 pk) tyuy^iiHa pa aan^ » mv^ 
8 a^ya^yaa^HK Beine> nyryn p« ny a^n 
-Ka a^a tyTK jy^t nynn^D P« tk„ ,apaia 
-H'K kh pa ;ty^nnya a^a pk tya^iKii »n 
"yapini.8, aa^yn k ^kt ryann pk nyr^n vs 
aa^yn k pk nasnaiKa^ aiv w^vv ryaya 
jy^mi n^a ya^yn ,nyaaKya vfa "Vfi t^t 5st 
-aiK ty^aiy iv pk own iv raiK jyp^tr umn 

".Snyrya -iyr 
-aay ayn pa nyanaKtya nyi ,^hikp ^itna 
^Bpy^K iv tya"iiv ayi thk^b 'swp ijw»S 



."lyyiayn ijpajnyvi»ia"B, l ,viaKB>3y*isa (** 
""t ,.1 ^»fia ,1756 jj»s»B>»^ TJiN ta.mBpjKia 

.148 ya 



.NtyiKi: ,D'»*: den ,trnjM»ny^ iys pn»' (* 
jaipiyiMU ,20 .t ,: 



196 



.B3J1D1X Kn 



40 



WD jijNufoinK b<: iny» »t d» 5rt nyB."ii 
pr frryBya tytyn tyjyn ttmRm< ma >n 5rt 

b^j pansrr T'T ttf^RT "T IX ,fyj<RTlR ^>rt tyo 
in DpW \VD TV11 t1K JHJJKWD^ ryBso 

ry^RT »n tyay^ witm taia iyo 5rt ,Dm« 
■^sa t"p natfDVi lis lyany^o b^ in b^d 
"•sya Dy rym pr ;my2BD yjiya^r pr yjyi 
wn iy^*T niyaoo y^ytR rrvR "a m w 
"ip epiR »t ryB^ap^R yt2osyn-D^ny^y-i 

Mjwjna iys 

bgn (1727 — 1730) lyB^nx iyi nyBya 
pr dri lyaR ,rjrptt vx nyi^n dj»xjw in 
onR Rm d^pdbu onR 5y& *im wow b^ 
nyi lysjiR w»t ryrpR kn d?r .cyiyB^R 
ryanByjDTiRByi •HRjnyBRpypaBSRi-'nyn 
pirbib> ftnjRn iyi pn sj»*ipw na tyiRiiyj 
'.v iw^na vx v: iwm ytyn dir .ry^Reiyi 
ryay^y: jjrpK 1728 pr iyBya brh ,Dnnp r 
iv TiBftMi v^P f'« tiyoiP ra coan^iy sn 
pmm .ry^.j?,n ix |jn«-p pr ayB-piRo rh 
"T iyBpjyiwa 8 tynyj nya^ pn D^an^py 
.(5"D5sn) ru in fjMgn B:yBy:i irj lyaRfi 
.(5»on) t"5p B'j lynR 

(1730 — 1740) icyiigu&HP rj:r pTjit^p 

3jtfyBtf> ya^y? rh jyTR tywi jyouyj br.i 
-ya iv Ban^ny »t brh n jo2 iyi pyBya m 
£jn»n pa pjmif ayi b^o u^an iyan 
-Bin an D.sn btib in^R irb nip tww 
bbrhp PR Bxyryj br.i pr ayi *itik bkjtjh 
-wd^ir tyx^RJ PR tyTR ryryj ind>« dri 
«tjk5 vpr pa tyoy^ 

ps (1741 — 1761) RjiiRiBya RByasp^y 
-igfi jtvpr fccni njnmsn iyiiy;i typR \vm 
Uf3*K lyBsnty jpiiTK pa m»"K p« .nyjjyj 
pip o^ ^11 ^s;„ :D:^ryj tot o^n tyT 1 ^ xh 
"DitDonp pa xna»Es *n pb hj p»p pk dbij 
■ajntais' k lyayayjo^nK xm D.$n 1742 p« ps 
yryn cmd tsyta^^ya tyT>« tyjiyj yytyj oyj 
^nyaya "lyryn. xm n^xa ^rs„ nyDnyii 
jy^sr iP^RB nix p« yonsya «h ix ts ooip 
»h i^3-"ntuwo^T« tyonyj in ms&gT i^k 
tim nj^Divp^ pa BTwae' y^x pa iyT»s 
px lya-iin y^R iiei in-si wii /uBtevwru 
;us^ p.a ryjyn^ t'nya^s t^a .tyjjisyrya 
"d — y^R lynyn »t ty^RT fyayntDyjDmK 
pa pa ;t"h »o nnx ^d jyna ^d lyjyo 
b^ nynx inyo »n ty^Rt iywni pr |r Bxy 



dri pi'Ki in iyD«2JR ny^T T'ei »» pjri tk 
in ty^n »n jyn ,i^^d »t b^» aRn i>k. 
ipn »n ?n.RiiaR jyi ruBSon PR ty^yrya 
RH' ryriDya ya^yiii f ya?yrR d?r Dmxnya 
«a DRi ,'Rmo iri i^r a^n ,t3?yii jntma 
(♦".TJTM.'Jyj d^j »t Dy cyii jyon yj^o 
yryn Ta piriid^ d^r Rm ntR Dyay 
nan p^r nyoys brh tyi r R isrwi aij>ti 
fyio.Ri ayi tato jyiyn is DBSD^^yj tynw 
TirwBW3"R ;yoijyj in brh iy c^r ."i>r„ 
tyDii Rn ly^mv — i-jr^dh pr tyoi«ayi 
lyT^p yiyuR tRnmR r nya rh jy^Ri iv 
ry^ntnyt^iR yvi pa y^y^a tw?*t ,.n .r .ir 
ryaRn pr DBRiayjBnR jyiRiiy: bh^r inx 
»t .p^rb T^a tyaRO is dir^d taairya DiTr 
jajR^p r tDyiD^nanya a^\y t'nyDiiR jyaRn 
dri nytJiya nyrtoan nyi w>2 pr iy dri 
"iRDriW pr ^B-^W"opy$K ly^ya ir* nxn 
DRB^jR pr typn yo'^n si^ir ry^iy jya 
■Jjmenyfi R riipdro pr wdwv) rn>*, dp^r 
PTiri^t,,) n bb^ pa tr r ,^'jyo iyta 

I("^1iR3»l Rjy^RP BR 

tyjiByj B^v o'lyoya p* in brp iri 
bvir "w^tr -\yD~\rw5y) r ri^pdrd pr 
t^r nya^yii ,iyiR.i irii 5wan ivdum j'd^d 
-oanB' y^^Dii .BiyBBRyj inyr ryny^ jyoiRi 
-pRi ly^H'R ijfTH dri ,tySiy*iy iy^yBt^ 
■yncj ix TJB&on PR Bi.Tay^j^R brp irb 

(**.yy,iB typ 
(1725 — 1727) yBDiy rh RinyBRpy 
PR .jyTR ix i^i^'B jyiiy; D^Rajyay t^r 
-yjpmx »p^i53r^oa brp 1054 ihr^ Dyi 
p»?p iyiR R^npix rh UR^an ix Binyp 
.inja'jwu ,wp Dy^iyaiJ rh) UR.?Dn 
-m jyrn hhri pr (hrpird pr riirb^rs 
yw ayi iyBJiR jyoipyj b?tr y^ya iyi 
-yBRpy BRp i727nyoiyt2i4cyi .UR^onpa 
ya^yii ,^nyayaR tyayjyjomx yBtny HR;n 
pa nyi^^ rh fyBBRBiya ix jyBRaiya brp 

piR |1R ,iyVR IX DBRJlB' PB ?RX pR YV s jTM 

Irj tyayjyaDniR «.n B«n biir tyaRii ^iix 
■jiR ^rt ry»„ nyBiy^i ytyn b>b ^nyaya r 
,;yi^R y^R i:r^dh pa fy^nBD^iR BB.Rr.yd 
pr ir jrb ry^yn pa pr ,ryma pr nyjyB 



.lytsNipyjN jrai^aaitryj pa jui^d^t iy^tD"T 

.20 — 21 T"T ,D'DT D5N (** 



41 



.T^DDin ]t» jjjtn 



197 



d^t pwvmz Bvn px psx^xb P* iiy^nxn 
lyasn ;yrx jy^t BDiip px ixa ,55no*n px 
rx 1785 px' .tynn kh t^o yaayi ya^^j 
is tjnx-iiyj wzvm tw yuy^nna yryn 

.njuSetf PX PX5tJ> pa JJH*K XH 
kh Dxn yryn pa ysayn yiyoy^i tod 
■v*p wn px fyTx sh fyayaya piyr^p 
5xt \vn dxt ,ty5nsaya own xn tyu ,1786 
yt^Tx px *iyt3»y ya^iyrpa iyay: iitpk 
y^x px tySxt wixau^x ya^eonp px 
^TrBbanyj r i»tMnoD'j«» fjn^a myD&y 
"sna ayi ^XJ (Dynn) nyp\v.DiTt3x*i px ^yr 
TP px .jy.nnyp^yaya yi"a yryn pa &:ys 
-'x xh amjpjiin yt^on xn &jp o»x iyj 
ya^yn ,a^an ty^nyn is tsan^ny tix jjn 
*ttr»t px t'oapD is nayn axn tyaxn |y£xT 
.?yaxia yQivyz px a^a pn *?& 5-"nmix 
px 1793 px jy^ia pa jjtf^na nyi ^xj 
px upSujmja jynxiiya liyayjyj^ Taxfon is 
-ya x dtix px oftsoan .xd^ pa 5"?tb x 
-^x pa tyonyj is (1794 nnx 1 nyn pxO ryr 
"a xm jya:.tfnxsas yts^yaxi onmo nwm 
px ty^is jyu ,1795 px .ya^DDnp kh 
Ixt px jrwa tytam dis rnyiiya D^vrtais 
xt3^ raxa iyaaxayanyan<; t-ix la^on is 
~np) *tfyj8» iyt3."iis -lyryn 1 px .nax^niP px 
va nyrpa jyuya tyrx pip |yj"t datf 
nyn px taannnya^x: .nnx 1 200 d£x invn 
b$n aanyayn ye^on xh .Bxayrxn t3*7Kt3E> 
pa tyrx xh 5xt jyo tx ,t.yny^Day txn 
va tyaxn lytny jwjnMpww y"j ytyn 
-"•ax xpptronyi) nyanxiia^K ytywyDG? 
pa ixpaanyaia ayi dxh xn px (^yDxii 
xh lysypsnya^x,, ^nyaya x ryay-yj PDra 
taix ,viym sh px nyaiyn xn pa jyTx 
nynx px vnx tya^'iDDnx t^j -^n jy^xr «t 
Tr jy^xt ^t ;p^xa ayt ty^x^ lyn-'na px 
px riiax^o px ^y^xn »»o ty^Drycya nx^ 
xh Ta px ^in i^a jyxij tyjrna ^nnxi 
-^11 ^sj px Dyiyn ".nyj>ixnj^x ya^DDnp 
"D>nx tVTX jyjyj i,yrn yaJini ,yvyty.i ynya 
B"s DMny^an nyi lytDJix tynxiiyj ryajy; 
-jia nyi 'toay^y: fyasn y^nxjnyuxpypa 
"lyox xionyt^D "lytojxjyjxt ,njn iv eanw 
.nvn^DmyD WBPSSrwsfc nyn 1* '""ODx^ 
ea>i5>ny u^dii px rx lyTx lya^yii px 

.•^x^axp vwivi px yoai'^yj yiyu^n x^ 



-D^x p'p tix lyfrnfrwsiv ]"p nyojiK tyoip 
-jx;ya t^x tJn^x is oxn D'-xDyaxr^y *.n»n 
■yjDnx xn to sn 1749 px dxt ,t3^n ^tx ?yj 
Exmya^yn ,Tyt^t3]xa nnns«5 i.tk jyry^^ 
,-inx 1 is D"T t3^yi:xnya isxnyj pw xn 
x jyv.yj t^x iv dxt ,tyinxa-y cxn xn ?"n 

.(*n^x 
(1762 — 1796) yta^iis xn «j-nytD8py 
a:ny^ijn nn^x pa »«« -lytaony nxn :^x t^x 
?nx*iiax ,tyT« xn is nyoya lyiiy; 13^ ^nx 
PK jjn^a nyann pa ma x iyr,y: r^x xn 
Dy^r. nnx fimx pk xn jyn ,1762 nnx' ay- 
y^x„ :ryayn^ya xn t3xn ,ixmt3 tytj^on 
-nx ,iynxP^ii i:® 1 ? pna px iy:^n tyjs^ssj 
x:nyt3Xpy dsi ,t3p:yi jyo ".ty-\s xn nya 
nyn nyax .isjn^nyj in** xn ti« 0^11 
-Din t3xn xn jya^yn ,oa^; iy«j>^cn iytD^ 
jyn px iy:xt3^y: iiTx px ,t3Yt3pya 
t^x 1769 nnx 1 ayi _px d^x ,nyax isn 
flJMW xn jynsiiyj fyayjyais nanftDn is 
-d^ii jyoxJ oyn iyt3nx J3jxpya pk ya^yn 
px tyjiaya tt jyaxn jyi^x 1x11 r TJx?Di*i 
m W txi pa tyaxn "t ixii px jyoso yD^nj 
»h oxn ,tyo»m»Ta px yt3ayi yamya axn 
tx ,nyn nnx tynyjj^x i3jypy; d*j pnyr^p 
♦lyiyn lyTyniyaonx jyaixi pa ry^xt ,s t 
nx~ "t jya;ixiisy: jyny: px :jny ( ;yn nnn< 
Jin-3«n ny*T' ts^urn bdj^t ^m ,ryrx^ is ryo 
-anyaonyiioy .jyD»>w5jPi>TJMyjny:yp px 
h: n^xiiya t3xn ya2 h xjnyuxpy dxt ,Qyt3 
v~\vi}$ y^x t3^o yoayi jd"5j jyayj iyn^x 
nya^nyT^p -\m nyax ,tw»no*u»3w wwi 
dxh xn .t3iyt3^ya nyi px wu Dyn taxjyD 
dxi ,yytyj yto^x dxt ;yu^xny;anx nyanyi 
tyoiprnx d^ jy^xt tjn^x y^on-D^ii xn 
pa nt3xi nvi finx ps ^s^itdtj px 
nt3XJ nxt3X3*iyau ^xny:yj ayi r nwj"im) 
y;xcxn ,iy^>nxaya ntsxm.iJx^DiTD^n pa 
jy^nxs ty^xt ,tymx~i lyanxn ya^yu ,\vi^ 
-yn Ta px ,iv"w:'-zi$p ?yan x ny^y-y^ 
px lynyin iyayni-y^^x "t fy^xT n^yj oy? 

.jyr^vay; xn 
-y: xjnyaxpy dxh 1780 inx" 1 nyi px 
xn is jyiyny: is D^an!r,y ryi^x x s - }yay: 
Dy^nyai: »nt» xn px cnniD pa cy-^; 



,1903-ji>sb»^ ",jyiP y»»Dii nh„ ,8iyiy (* 

.12 utsnT 



198 



.taejip-x rh 



42 



dj?b:td jyinjjj jpyn 



y-iyijR j/^x jyaynya pr jyr^BD r nnR 
7"! jijsrTB iv nysiyp fya^jya pa jyjRriR 
ps tto tyt^D^ya r pr ivJR^piia jny 
pinjn tm^a w b"¥ nymwpa R PR 
.jyay? D,y"i — osnuw ,oiw*3ije*ikf" dwum? 
;no^j h PR drt. — dj/od^d pnvuu RH 
jyaRii *pd yatyn jmjm,i"ntt>- rh io-j "iyaR 
mo*" 1 " rh t^* pr'd ;nn pR tnyny" r5>R 
"^dd n^ p5n„ R,npjrn"nyqn>PR pwi 
pRyatyn ,a^y *w wian Din pa 5»nb a — 
"i,yj rh .^5*nye«M , iK 5ia>aa ny m dpjvs 
pr Dy jni'jnn tnp tw t»r DyDD^b-iyn 

I3:yp "WR DRU ,nWOD R PRii DR"I} DRIItoy 

-"R D'D jysiRta pR jynR jny^R ecd ferny; 
rh r>u r "tMn "iym^a-R pr oy j-uyfi yiy 
-3M>nK "in ti;&5$i\ jyaRTR^a jw»t»* yts^R 
prs-wet? jytwyo pa btib ayi »na -opm 
pa tr ,"iRa "in DSptHP ."piR jymy:; rh 
rh {youjms iyn orh "iya~iyp jyaHc'jyc 
Dy^R — i« nyjj'R rh ,"iy}"a pR c^a 
-ya k?r ""R" o^jpi iR"f ,iyn-iyj rh "wopr 
b5r*i ay ;]W2Wo R pa yrnRa rh tyana 
t*pntDcyjDnR Rni ptr twy» r jyay^ayj 
jrhr \"p Rt^j pr'd \m , c my e ? ,^niRa pa 
\^\ tro 5>.rt nya^yn ,"iys~iyp lyaH^jyo pk 

.jyiVTyo d>d ?is- 
2. 

."jRtatrjyiriy* yo^ii p« jpna 
pa oaRDy; pk DyoDiD-iyiny* rh 
rh (2 gpvu Rn (l :fl#nnjroKBi »$ny»iwt 
rh pa yi"K "in BrvJmjnb'iK pt jjdvvi 
.n ~i ,5?ur^p& '•r i^ordrjr ^r inyijR 
f »»3iR-iy"t pR ird pr nay: -iy"t pR 'Ro 
-ya ^RHyoRn wij "iy-i .jR^pjiai "opn pR 
,iy5yx-Tnp* y^yvyao pa ,iy^y* pa myvc 
.ttf#p*ii!B>y Dimi bewHp jyinyj rh iRm 
_ DH.ya po rtr pr ^RHjyBRK) *iyD"ii. "-iy~i 
tanim DHya^Hyi yryn- pR .ayiw iy:PB"iR 
"iy^n ;DaR"ip"iyinyj t^p o^p^io'-y w 
Dro irj^r p>R lyi^aii: tyDRTis pr Rimy 
d^d lyanyp pa ^hd t"R ,iyiy-iiR ayn 
-Doy rh fjnn^a w "lyaHR ;ty&"m ayn 
■ro lynnci ay-t pa aaRnp-iymyj vq'pvp^ 
-h irit ,-iyanyp pa ly^Hi^ y?R pR ?Rny» 
jHonj pr toaRip yr 
■jy^ny: rh pa ?RH.ytD»D "lym: "iy~i 




lyi n*io ijya'n 
nytDD'D- jymyj 
->jm f i-yTy5 n^a 

;^yn ]vi"i ya 
_, a d>d ojRpya 

"5K PR yUR^RT 

R T>R f D3»"ejW 

PR ynyni^ myr 
jrwap j r "i j i r 
"uTR tojyp j.y^n. jytDoya ny^R d>» .tt«3iR 
^m ,pr jnyny;! ni pjy nyi jy^Rnya ctj 
DnD^:y»Rnv p.K jy»\p iv DnR watp "i"R 
-jyn jia jyiR^pjia pR iy*RjiR jr«n-R tD^D 
\yt:iv yx fyj,"t ya^yii ,nyanyp iyaHK> 
-Rj-iiR rh .nyry^ |ya^D^^a"in' ayi -(Dy"io 
"\yp jyaH^jy» ayi pa fyjR^pjia pr jyj 
rh d^d yj^R triaiaiya ::y nrR jyrn nya 
iy-cH iv "i^jyojiR ttyizQ vx ov tr ,yny-0R 
^H^yD^Ra pR ny-ijnya nut yji^,R jy^yii 
nyaR t^r "ijRD^jyjyj nyi jj^:»naiwi« 
ay dr."i an^ "pR tr ,ojRDynyDr-R, nTR 
nyanR hkj r lyaRo iv y^DRa "in o:n? 
yiDoayn yryn d>» t-a-R^DiRpya yanay^a 
nyp jyan^jyD pa jyjRHR jfajBnjnawm 
ntR pR tasR nTR "iyi6y^R [^n ly^jyo nya 
",DyDnyiHyj„ pR "jyinyj,, \y:y\) >y^a 

,ynRDJRfi R TW PR DR-I- TR ^Hjyj^D DBiR 

t'r'd pr "Rnai r^i rn R r p" fyj»n jjnriyj tr 
Ub osii ,i?^ wttrn ,*o^npjRnp po r ni- 
.o^yjiv^D pr "lya^ni. ^a nu tDajno 
l. 

■TOtM RH |1K p;m^ RH 

,D"nn nn "iy"i t^r ayooro jynnyi rh 
.nyanyp pa notso rh ^o^rojjiay^ya "iyn 
-^yc ay-i ly^yo^-iiRa jyjyp -jn ^t d» Jim 
"in d>» oy o^rii f |3nny* jn^ nya-iyp jyan 
-Djjtfrra ,yTR^-DjjiMniya r tfyQwynqn 
ya^yn ,ny^m pr ^^na pa yoDRp yTR^ 
Ihr -jy^ia iv jyjjRayjjR "pj j*jrj ^rii 
-nR pn tonynyjanR yrwn drt d^rti. jyiny: 
— !yvj rh ^n-yvn — fyjji^ rh ;ta>^a 
ly^yooiD rh ,iyjR» iy-t ,nyay5 -ijn "y*w": 
any"* dynyjanR ty^Rn, iyjRH,R y^R — 
,"I^n s DRj fifr%\\ \3i2$fr pa pr tyiR^pjia 
.V't uiypyi w: *ph \»p ir- 
I3«*n ya^yii ,iyinyj rh \m"i ort 



43 



djnqd^d jymy: 



199 



(1 jyanjHJ* ypm "t jyiyii ^aarvyi pa 
-jys pa (2 pa iminyj y-uynrpa-iytMys bis 
.pninyj ywwa^iyB 
-rra" j.yaviyjjs tik tfnyn ww k v ~ 
-ami an |j^rps "t ?"Ti ^tjnvuH-DMti 
pm»na ptf ttfyn lyiy^iK "ijn pa ypm 

-yj-l, J«3«UV «H pyojys D1S JjtfiTB \VW~l 

-nya *pw iyi 
•yiiiya,, jya 
"tyrnya cmu 
«.r Tin 5 ,v n 
bpw iy*um 
y^nyaya *n 
-;ys ayn pa 
-ynya is nya 
isnw iv ,tya 
rK oy okii 
-niyj k ta>D 
.tkrap jyo 
ay vdb> 
» tarn lyny^P 
-y :^ee>"3 

^"K B^ 13KD 

pa ^hsj a 
d a »a "vpk 
x ' i pjrn* 

DX11 .nJKHi 

s $ ? btd 

"MB 0^1 DS11 

kh : -»r© 
iDHyai - itiyj 
ytfjm ,TV? 
^ i t ly^ayj 
-3*m I'nya^i 
,-iyanyp tys 
npya tyaarr 
-}"« |"H jyn 
ayi'SpiK prn 
nn ikii vk?b 

ayn tya«n «t 

4 y a n y a 

Bpsnny dsh ny i*m pytwys nis wv 
.asttfiyii ayn ofrvansn &sn vpk :tys"iyoB> 
x jy-isny:i ppn^rjo^nn pk DiTdsj yifti 
iyaaais ttfsi tpk t« ,-iymys pa ^nyaya 
uiyp vpk ikii ,ro»fe asw 1 pa "owi -iyu< 
-yawm |W ys^s-iynP yrtfptH tyaynp TO 




.lyeiyp jya^wyo 



-jni tya^rws »u kmw di-ik*i jyp nyi^D 
-n»py5y kh i«ji ",nnn "iyiK3" k is tin 
"kd lyo^ii nyii jttfjrpnttMU onyii ayt^s 
sh pniTB ya^yii ,jyD*n"i an is — fcmjra 
"nKmyiKB." wn pa uaa-ip yt^TyDpySy 
-sa i^ik pk i"5nsB nytyn .pcKo Rn is 
^«n.yt3ND lyo^n "iyi a^n p^anyi "nyo 

-»nya Km ^^ 

t'-iya^x iytD 
•v:yv iys:x; 
.-•y£-yp jya^ 
-^ysninyj xh 
vrw isn^a jy? 
-^yrx tfnyajys 
nysoy^a ya 
DysJ4«» nynw 
"Ijninyj i « 1 1 
Diyn Dasnp 

nnyj yo"u 
-yn ^stoHya 
-{<t TD8? ,iy: 
-y^yo o^is r jyj 
■urn yK"fi*ru 
-n^a ya^yii jyo 
ypma^s lin 
"jttj»w "ijn pa 
is ttfyii iy-i 
-jysniiTyj sn 
t|^i« pM iy^yo 
"*;a |]n«TB is 

tt iyp ;y^ 

jypma^iK mtn 
nny: «^ ps 
l s iyT.yt3:ys 
jy:»ans y^ 

•nya-iyp jib 

3. 

-\yn:vs dis 

j; 1 1 v n n ^ a 
•I y m y a 

-myj kh |yasn ,iynyryj iyasn to urn 
pnrva is — xnmy yn^ya^i sn ^y^Tiya 
-yDn« nyn pa lyaipya »>t dsii r ypnnj"« 
pnis pm tJnW3J3«-Yinyj kh is d^jtii iyn 
xh is tynjyttjys »h pa y^nyaya jy-in^a is 
r -iyanyp jya^Boyo pa ty^^nu yjy-iy v ^iy2 



nnw kh 



l ,oi: 



200 



BSJIplX «"»1 



44 



ttfyu. nywiR an pa ypmr'-R R.n iy»ip 
-yj drii ^rbiE* ly^TJ Djn iv dj/ tjwa pR 
iynj nyn .TiRjoriypin ayi PR T'T b^b 
jyp jya anR #tiK pr fypn ay- px tftpx? 
jwmb&o yBDiy R.n ,iypnnonK mtr t? 
is Bp^yj jfpma^K kh fjnyii tyansi pa 
nyBjys ftwi^TB cyi fit ,ysiRBD Banri rh 

.jyvnyj Rn p.R 
lynp tymyj yuywanyBjys pb kh 
T^sMjnroM'Uijnijra wn P& y^iyaya yiyr 
bpwj iwn-ijn pb twii jflnviiw rh PR 
xn ~in T*»iypn pa ; ^TWtypn ms 
-nyj yB^^Dyj kh p* •^D'nya-Djjuyiiya 
TW rh pa nyj"R ryii .jySypDiB rh is tyn 
,iynyu jyB^trynya^R ?rt tymy: jkms»d 
kh *R tyn^nya ^hb ayjy 1 p« *W:R Byu 
lira .lyfrra dsi \x uuyiiya pa Baxnp 
,^rbb> R pa myn^ ajn ly^ma b^ Byu 
iy?yn intra bRii ^nnyariinyj Rn ^n 
-yj lyonynyn^R jyrn ~iyBjys dis ptoj"k 
i,ts Byn yaRniR yaSytyn ay*5is ;-ijn$!t 
nnyj R.n >"ii niNinny^K ipbiqiv b^ ^ir 
pa jy^nyaya rh ijtws drii ^yfonya 
briipr pr cy .jyDnynya^R jyrn >yBjys* 
jjni -,y»R*i:iy5yB r jyprtr b^j jyp jyo irn 
-uWiya^R jyj"t iJRMjm JM&wuytya rh 

•iyB 
*m aynaR: B^roy: jynyn jyinyj Rn 
tyBisn .^nxB-jypn ay- pa DnnR |y»tp »i 
"jniya sh pR jyinyrD^nrpa kh fyr>n 
-}r Rn jib yj"R tnyrjiTyjsg jyinyj-DJij 
-pRiB yjy-ynnya p« vt jynyj pr jnsn 
jya^R pa isktjm tJmnjH-nwujmya Rn -t^B 
Rn pR TyBjys-iD^uynya ayi pb ,aRiR 
jyBiR-i pa pR Ti,R»-typn ayn is lyrnyj 
Rn pK ~n ly^ayj "i jtJtrjKrwji kh is 
-n^a wn .^isBrjypn ayn pa ly^^nB-Bj^na 
^t ;*im« d«djik pa tynyj lyiriyro^^ 
,iyj«ji^ yjyiy^-iya khi pk ft "spt iy::xa 
dis an'K Tin pR TiKO"lwn Byi tjra*ni' 
\vr\m "T jiyn^nyj rh p« ty^ma pa nyBjys 
-jypn ayn pa jy^riB yiJOT^fiJ^ R , i "iin 

.5 

-ny"B^'s lyajR^ r tpR ^iRD-jypn ijn. 
jy-uiaiya jy v a^iR t»it lya^yii ,i«.n^ nyt? 
pR [yBJiR vt Bjnay pr iyn\nya rh b^b 
pa BnyBiE'ya ya^yn jjr^rpj tyrn pa rtr 
■^^bjw^r BnyB'^ya iy .?«nyBRB tynj 
iyrn ya^yi'i ^y^p^Bt^ ^D»m pr p'R lia 
W"R B^^Dyj p« iyBaR?ayj jjy mtr nyaR 



-yj lyi^t t^ypoio «n .ypnnj ,,,, R yonyj 
B^n n,iTR — ajuyiiya p'R lyn^nyi BaRia 
.jyDijyjTS iJRn ny^R 
-ly^-Djjuyiiya" xmn rh iw^t w 
-m njyj b^j "lyinyrD^^n^B" pR "jyin 
-mr |yaRn lyrnyj ytyn 5^\ ^^BBR^jyo 
-mr pR ^uyiiya "lyc^R jyiR^spJia ynyijR 
-ir nyoya nnRT ^t ty^yn ~i^d .jy^rpa iyD 
PR jyrnyj v^V^n^-nytDjys un tyan 
•lyinyj >njvin^-ivt2:yv pa 
-ipya tyinyj yijyin^anyBjys ms Rn 
■ma fy^By^R pa ypmj^R R,n (l \yo 
w> (2 .ii .t .r B^yp ,rBM ^ysnyoa' m ,jy? 
,i,yaRB m ,jy?n>a fyty^ysD pa ypmrns 
.ii .t .r iynyn ,iynyt :n^in rh> pr pin 
iv iyaRHi DRii jyinyj xh in^idtBD "t (3 
dri — B^p^BynB yivDpy^ayi B\a irpb 
,pnBDiRii!ya ayn ihr B^praynB :bd"D 
$xr D,jn pa jj^jynaRJiR 
sh lya^n jyinyj ynjyir^anBjys rh 
ajuyiiya pR iy^pDVD jyjj»na is (1 :Riaiy 
R,n lyi^iB^BD is (2 iiyiinyrDJjijyiiya — 
-^siiRia is B^aiR «h jyaRn d,riii ,jyjR3,i.R 
;(*iyanyp pR lyB^pj^DD^a ycny.1 iyn 
iyaRfi (4 pjnnRj nyn b>o phb is [yaRn (3 
,ty:Ra*i.R rh ^mr jaipTii jnpyB^Rn pms r 
•phb^j pk jjipnm rtr tyii 
.4 

ms rh lyjyn Biyn.y.i rh tyaRn nva 
-n^a nyajys pa pr jnajnnifi "lyojyx 
-jir pn b.^j nyaR niRT tyo .jyinyj yuyn 
Ri tyj ,, f ay tR t pm3"« iyc'!?Ra ayi iyB 
-rbr:r .jymyj pa otayD ~\ynx jyn^n ^ns 
y-^a yryn *hr myj p^R iu rt pr g$"d 
dis yprnj^R Bin^a yyj lyiy 1 .iyiR^sp:ia 
pa nynyny 1 .lyBjys pa y'pnvzyz pR nyBiys 
p,a BnyB^ya ny .Bt^Byj pr jyinyj yiyi 
-ya pR lyBjys nis jyin^a ya^yu i-y^nya 
jyinyj hh nyBjys pa lyin^a drii ^y!?nn 
-yj lyj^r yanyn ,ny^PnB^ v n mtx |yj»t 
.^y^Bnya »5ur»mv pa jyaaR^a 
-ya iyiny^ ynjynrpanyBjys _ ais Rn 



-yj n opy iyj"x m .tr .2 .s tanyt irpN (* 
en yn ptTM'-'K lyi ."i$t yiy^r lynx yjys^t 
1'i^ unyn -iyt2jj?s ]is .nytaiyi' nix ap'B'yj t<i^ 
-isn^ia ya^yn ,iyjN.nN n is 'jnysya n Dp»B»yj 
lyvsntps is ]« lyjsixs »»t p« pynge' »i tyi 
>ia pa pynsty tasn 1 ? i"n "2 — t^'p^D^s y;n 



45 



cyt2D^c jyrnyj 



201 



is jinny; kh pa fjttjSiSD'K sh tWia 
-inyo tayn ::i;ynya p^p pk iPJKoqi yjy 1 
trpp^RiRa tnmi -a .s ny;"K jyn .pn d*j 
»« iwjmpa pK jjtfrra an jyp iy tk prx 
Dy pk ,"iyaiyp pa 5*"fitt lyuD-iyDoiK cyn 
-y; x ps p.k TixD-iypn nyi tk ,T"v,ya k 
p« ajru yvjs'j pn ppik J'ds^ tjroni 
linsTiyj Dy-^xr-ya ijnynttoy r tD"pD"ia 
.d'mpjk-ip x Tin pnsiutt Dytwnya Tjmg 
>«no lyt^D^^ya x pa f.yftrpa *iyn tu ans 
dtjtmww iy-^ ty-jjiiRwiya pk iysiyp pa 
}yj"t jyjjwiya sh "uynnyn ,iy-ixnyj 
-JiKinya sh tk tys^n oy Dyn ^xri,^ 
-rn sh \i» twy^ BpnpJKnp kh "iynx jmn 
yoK^a lyoonMPya x pa tyr^no jttMnyB 
-ya n iu a^iK ,D*iniypiya pp*®~Wi P« 

oy ejm — ?bot«ju 

-pMHP KH TK ,\VD»r\ 

nvi pK imjpS bph 
djh pa 5"r» Eu$na 

.6 

Djn pa ta'iprtaynta 

."p&rrjypri 
■fijn x iyt3iiK 
■jpBjme yr.^cp^ 
-gwiya tnyn B"p 
,»"WPBiy»T8 ktk fyj 
WtntMM tanyn ya^jni 
""Tii pa jjr^ynaxnxi 
pa M^ynawaw ,jy5 
lyrnyj kh f?%& 
d^c i nM 
urn f T>«D"typn Tin pk oy .jsriB iv tw »t 
«a -B^ypniBoy fjnum u»"prtWTB wr 
-rnynB yivDpy^ayi sn. jyrn nrn yny-;K 
l«a ?"11 ,tP80P& P^a fcPii "iny» 5ya fyta^p 
-ynymiK %tj«d TT*»wn "m pk fjnwpe 
kh pa Daxenymyax kh *wb:ik tyarajm 

^a»«a x ti^o tinnBDi^K Dy t»x^> 
-6PB p« ^»« ttfy^p liKoy .p&$& "WK 
,r-uyax^ r^x •=!$: ,a$ Bpn "wk p.» ya 
-awrib yivDpy^yn « pn, d^i .cia nh 
id^st i.tk y^n^ j»nttyj unyn osn ;o"P 
DniDD f'fiiiK .ly^yTi Dijn ijn.s jyo^i \^vi 
t»a tD^sn m^s px tonyi in^K ,^vn^: p« 
o^yn^ ,to"T k ib* 21^ -spT D:n>2 %th ;iy5xa 
-yja 1 ^: ny^K oriiyj ,njyrr y-iy^K o^k 

"SH 8 ^n« PK Dip — 0*3 tD^KB pK B2 1 11 




PM 
iyji 

sn 



.d^xjkj p^K iyi^2 »t tk ,yiyi:K kh ona 
kh |ia ?k:kp nyi p« ojy^ ^,K--typn nyi 
nyi lyaKPS ty-^a y^y^ ,ny:^2-}ypn 
inyi'2 H T pa pk -n k sD-;ypn lyi .p^-jypn 
khi pk o-n2 kh ;;jn^ ^ jnyvBaK pa 
•T 1 ''^ ^Knj?a^K d s : |y:^i aynji 
pK p'-K D'-nK jyny: TiNn-iypn oyi p,2 
-nya ly-yri yz'py}) ,tyiny: i^sa rD^m 
t'iy2>K D^-^-j-y; Taruwnjffl pk ei»nw 
-vr>nyi \v^i whips yryn nyaiyp i-ysjKj 
-fypn pa oniM |ynya »»t »n oyna^j ,ya 
»1i r KE>u ^iiKD-|ypn an pk nyas ,^imo 
"r fyniyj f jya^iK Dj^ryj jjtiwj !*w pk Dy 
pa i>rnyj kh :|yopmt3 y-y~:i?y2 p« 
lySiva fia unnyj kh jojipuja pK ;r,;yrya 

.nyorn 
/vp,a ?KHyt3Ko iy~ 
-ya ttkd iypH cy-t 
-K^ora pa Bswav 
-yaninyj yoni pa 
lp.ru pa pk ^k^dh 
-n iyi .iy>y^-iHyj 
KT^;» t^k tjiNa |yp 

DIN r TU D^ OHSH 

nyj iy-in^a^nyaHK 
nuruMT ,DaKnp"iim 

K IPDKKfWlWJ I^K 

s .kii ,^yD;yv - rr<y: 
a-iyii tDa.Knp-|yvny: 

tK^PJis oa>H KH 
--x % r-;ypH ayi jia 
-D'-Dnya d^k t^k 
kh fjwnro ^y^ 

p k tjimn 
-yj d^^ii ^iNn-|ypH nin in« .pn^n^j xh 
•n s S"iVt23j?x dix kh n^a ^^oqw ?yv. 
ypm:^K kh fyjrna n jjnvwj V"f^V"> 
dwk ins ;tyi , nyj kh is iwipya "t dkv, 
pa kh i^a inayn^K \yvy: ^^ik d^sii 
khi unrpfi iv lyinyj yiiyin^nvQ^ 
-ycnya kh yx -\]}d:v^ pa lyD^ao^Knnyj 
-o^iya yryn dik .nyanyp pa ly^KHK y^y"i 
tk ,:Hit:nj r^K iyi^aD.Ktr^ \y:yp ?st aan? 
-';^a k pk jy^ayj ^n ^st ^pKjriypn njn 
*iypH lyi a^K mm&w linaitw jh:i;idb' 
^yna^iya rtoK^a jyD^iyji k pk pk ^iko 
,jyirwj ynjyin^aHyu^y^-D^' kh i.y^yri |k*i 
pk^b Dy^y^ pa iwnin^ "l^ti lyrayj ya^yii 
-^nyi kh iv ypmj"K kh jynn^a \y:yp tan 
pa kh jty^n^a imyo on mm "wk pk fjn 
jyjyp Dn ty^xni rmnyj ynjynn^a lojyv 



tajyitya p« i^stikh >n ;ovna iy*r 

- "lytaj'n p« w^v.i;^ D^uyriya xn 

.jyinyj-DWi^fi'B 



202 



ttSripV:* K s l 



46 



w: iaix awa qivp vpx ya^yii ,fytD"p 
tx ,^ti pa Bfrijnnjn pnnsi .pn^an.sJXP 
HPtx? pn ly-ixDc*^ cvane ftjso» tajjtn ny 
s iktii ,jpw x pa bj-wii yi-iviyh xhi jx 
ny tx pBDiwiiw taxri iy .pmtfw px jjx?^ 
jyp :ik^ xn tx iy:m naynt^xa px 
x v n to? nnx nyax .jinn bb»3 nx: an^x 
pn px tiupi » pnny; ^? Bxn hk&p xn 
p*p px pniiv tyjunapyiax iy px ^itaan 
-ya t^a amxtixfi ly^ii pn pa ajiaajntissox 

•tya^yn u;yp 
yirapy^ayi -pa jynnayi* y?yn iyopx 
-fypn am px fix "ipt lya^aya B^wnywitt 
dis *w ,t.snit3jyx yftp^yaD jhjnaK Tixo 
,iyax^-iyaxp pa ia;tD>jw "iyn ^ya^a 
.Vi .t .x ,i^py-,y pa ,»*u-ftoB> pa 
ay*axj K d!"'« 'Dyt3D^D _ fxnnyj nyi px 
tya^api iny? x tw*»"Wi iyi mnyanya 
x.h ^xa B"pjptt:m px nyD^iVi ixn /nax^a 
»»a p/a"^ i,y?yii vn ya^yn jyayp ,iyimya 

•ta^njyjy^yj x 

.marr: « ."it 



-D"-ix t^a Dxn vpk .ta^pawin y-ivopy^a 
?^n *sn nyn px ktbm ux^a ny^x oaiytya 

lyttJl.X ttfyDt? *WK ;tJttPttKB3$ T.KBTjn T'X 

pa y^ei^a p.5>ix .yarn axn — laxn "iy"x 
-xn lyvnya kh .p/tt^pa^ynta jrivowtfajn 

jyayp 5xt b^pjpbjw ymapy^ayi x d^x 
(1 :ty&ayny5y "Ti pn tyno f tjru , BOBtaB> 
-ays pa x (2 pnyj "unay-irra naays aiv x 
.nymysnnya x (3 px> mya nyuynrva-nyB 
-ya Dxn my: ny"Tay~irp'sriyta.ays nix "vyi 
mx tMj*na "iy jya^yn f pwu"« p^x jyoip 
Dijhi i.ymx~ pa px 'pxrf.rypn px "lytoayv 
-:yv pa 8 v t tih 65ifio , « I» ^P^yaD^-iK 
•lyjwnij kh w lyniyj yioynn^anyD 
kh pa J^ntD yDDjru « r n oyna ,y^y^a 
-jjntDijjp [y:yp jyn^prnynD yn^Dpy^ayn 
»$n iiTK iyn •jy^'ii^ oy^ ^in tinjm dt 1 ^ 
-yas^N iyn jonx itpk n^n^ r t^aru»i5' 
ifv,» ;D"prDynD yivcpy^ayi k pk »n» 
"Un* l"V sh tj-io rycDy^pnya nyas tDjyp 
nyas 1 iyrn oy .lynrD^x ta^ p« njyn nh 
-rexMie yi^Dpy^ayi ytfyn* jy:NiKD ^^x 



(n^ 




o^n^is 



.(tDS^yrn .n pa ovynya\s p^yity p-a) 



1J/11B |nt 1210 V 1 ^ 3 lyi '11 P 1 ^ 3 P 1 * 1 "l^SIKtr'T INT 

lyjNypx yiaDjn^ni nh pfi J3«j pn ny^i^c ^s 

,\fQi J?tD"iyT"21X 8H tsant2"ij?s dj"T uixn p'N 
•yjNP^XTi h tsjy^nys iijj jmk pn pa pjixn x 
..lyases ynn'« Qijraa'is ,i^yi D'litoNJ wr'^ais 
* * * 

,|j?a«p^n ;s ^iy3 ps i^'di ix iya'»H lis 
;taa.nyj 'jyaya p» iyt2N» px lyp^Ki; 1TO 

.nynay 1 ? is lyriy 1 ? tie ,ij?ck-i is lyptys p-s 

1331*7 ]in tin rains»nj?B "lyBiyn ;in uiyac ^n« ■ 

...arNiny i^tko P'i "i«3 Km lynaiiwiys 



.q'jnb' p« toij?^miy Nay lyijyiyjn ijn 
je"iis n tsysnM Bpyi-1 yi^tjm j;iJy?'Ti2 P'« 

.tD^SSIS THS pB J1N2 _ T"N "IJ?aDJ'Q2y» 1J?T 
.to'jNB'iy DIlBtP ]1B pijn I^T 1NJ T^N2 Km 
* * * 

lyp^Kn lyiyBDJ'fl ojn ps }>^2 lyjvsann pi« 

21M31 min lyiyvi Bnj?Btr p« .Dntitr-Tiy p'« 
,dti2 ps -ik3 ejnK piyTiB* yBiyiiifi ]ik 
.anyoiK tij; N'T kiio ikb bij;bk^b dj; 



47 



P^^D 



203 



pnsnp 



.spHyss p« yoyns nyts»TK njn ps rw wt Km p« yas;ans nms 



TT3 ps nyny^ b>j am ^yjitfnyxny pa iv 
.nstanssiDSP pmo s ,ny5sD s pn is ryzni 
.tyasn Bjy^SiB lyo tin ixnyn ...nsn^sny rs 
tro tuiina lyp^np nyDasaya dds nyn 
ny tyii ".myto,, can jy^ dj^ii f wjn tt 
-sanyttiD nyn pa runo d^x tynsayj Bnyii 
nyn .typayio yBasaya y?s sni ynsna n-it> 
.T^tdsj ,na nyp^BHp mtasnyBH ny'n»s 
lis ypnyn sh ps nu 5"m ,?yry5ya ?y»a pn 
Tix jjnyDD^aya pi? ny Bsyc? nyBan «h 
d^ nyas ;p»np P" 1 ? tq 5>sHyBSB ttray; 
P" 1 ? jyp ,?yry^y: 5y^a Dsn osn ^aya nyny 
.■Btbp D"o sni ms ,iyp»onp masiyBH s 
phk tvp ,p»no 5ya Bnynyaas t? tajjn- dsii 
na yasaans Bsnn sh .wnd s lynyn 
-ais ijm^sas w ns lypnanp rms ayn 
niD p't ps .ypnyn y^HsnynH t5»s"Bnsa 
wn jy^a^ax v? lyanxn pidsw p>? ps, ps 
ps ,tDTi?5> ny Dsii ,pnyn ayn na ypHna"s 
Dsn lyas^ya Bxn dsii ,ixnya nyn na d*i 
t'nya^x jya^n^ Dnyj dsii ,nynya P*t ..pnjm 
p« fynyii Bpaitaya ,iyaxt iv s? ,nn ,pnyn 
pa Djynp ne*w p»t osii ,y?mr^ sh 
-ya yanany?nya sh p'S t^a ps PWi ayi 
pa w d as k* t n ' i a na jy5w»a 
.nyDsanya oyn vx d d » ^ i : ^ a 
,oy?H lypionp mBsnyta^ nyn t^any 
■"jyfli w n?s s.m ,d5w ayi ny taany? jsh 
aHiyoa^ya ,pTjm s ty^iTfi is ps lynjw 
sh pnanp na |»» ty^yn nyi o^o nn^ nvb 
m y'noK sh .tyia^T yaww p« ypn^n^ 
jpnyti nyi-na tyanDt? y^ ,, :«^3 ,, Da yc^sa 
yi^nya jo#p c^n oy^K d«:i JHriy^PTiy 
.tyay? na \mh nitssiyta^ na y^y^ac^a nx 
"Tin iij e^a Di^^a^na nyp^np wx na 
nyp^np nyn ."jya"ip nyi T'ls iij ,nyry^ 
ps tyiy^nya tins nya^nt^ nyi is dt^ii 
tanyt .nya^iB' nyn ,ny ya^yii-ipnyii pn 
in .ypny^ yiyt^m yavt ps lyi^oivDnx; 
t^s jyo"T yui: sh nns is bp^vi nyp^onp 




-,yi toxn ^tc Dyns» 
■np Vi c^y ny«»TH 
*wts ijn ps p^tj 
-^yr ny- .nitasnyB^ 
s dsii ^o jy^yr 
-y: r jras nyru^s 
T>s ,-^ya ix tasn ^sa , 

ny^r^s *iyoyis ^Jn ..^yn^a ps d^dito 
yoyna nyj^sy pn ps is ^»»»o dsii ,a^y 
yjj^an,, ,^w\?> s^dds ,p^np ny nsn 
dsii .tvas nya'Bi^a nyn s^i ps "d^ditd 
ps 5s»«a t^s onsDB'js d^oto sh dsh 

...iyiTSDJsa pn 
-ans sh ps dsii ?p*»np T"»s dsii \3n 
?ivp'w~\p tya^iny ,ryinsn nvi na yasJ 
,tjis »a jy:^D yaaso w»ni ,n^ dd^h p»onp 
■np ti: ",yns» s jya^n iv„ f T>T ty^n iv 
-nytoavs .jjnjny^aix ,iynn^s:s :&D"n p^d 
is b->j yo Dsii dst ans t ian»ana ,iyair 
yosTi s — niDsnyton d^s tD^yn sh "i^d 
— .11 .ts ps aj^nyviy is ix ,stfyns3 s m 
■yon na yas*is sh j»ean h^-b d'-vs d^sh 
ans ,*iytaais Ban dsh ^Dtrn^ s .niosn 
^^pn^i ps ran nyaytfsa nyajyayayaas is 
"HpH5»sJr, lyanjs Bayi ^n jyo jyp ,n^sa 
"lis Ban dsii ,nyBDi^ nyoia s ns ".nyp^t: 
■yj iPttan jya^t »n ans ,iw ~s^a s nyo 
pnyooi^ na ly^yayn y^x sh nsa bdso 
Viyp^tanp w„ iyan:s Bayn d>d \yn \yp 
~iya nyas ^yn^yii nyiHyritt lyniK ps 
nyp^BHp sh ,ph:jin. dis ,oas nn lyo^a 
tnyn nyp^HpHity nyn ...nnvv yiyn ps 
niDsnyoH nyn ps www mosiyBH s 
DD^jpsn ps nyp^np nitr s onyn *urp^»np 
nyi w nyii ps niDsiyoH nyn iv nyii ps 

-snytan' s pn is jyanya t^s nyny> p^3 
f Dysa s pn is ly"^ b^ sw .nyp-^HpHita 
,iyosnn pa w ,yD3ny: pa yonsa s ps iv 



204 



tSBJlplX 



48 



~vrn kh .ijia»i» tytaaxpyaaix tx na yearn 
Tyu "♦aaNaanxiayaxT iwa,, jyD^nya rasim y» 
nTx i-y nx jtowrr xh tyTy^yanyan* raixn ny 
t3>rttfyaa"i» taxn ny tx ,jynxiiya tanytaa^aya 
tin D«rw in iv n,ya"my jytaaxpyaaix ayn 
..ypnyn y"3 iyaxiB> i* ranytaavpniy d.tx taxn 
oyn ra^t taxn lya^'nt? nytaa xpy aaixi lyay' 1 
-iyj px tycj^j pn .ypiyn ynjna'x {yawya 
lytaaH lya^anytatpaix; nyi ,fx»Dsnn mixn 
",yp»^ yaypainya,, Myayii sn„ pa 
yiynax ixa pa pxi "tannx:£yo>n ayf'yaxn,, 

...ypiyu y5«ujwt 
-ya nypnanp ny&»Dm nyama nyn tyn 
rasHpDiaxn ayr fyty^yanya^x taxn 'W 1 ? 
-tD^yin nytaya^ nvi pes P*iyn fyramy ayr pa 
"Si mwa raa^axaxi a.x5xa*DB lytaonnya 
m^a ^y t'>'K ",hv^ yanya,, :wiy>xtaD 
iy5xayaa''nx amx px amx l* ryax^yapiynx 
-ya anx taa^mv in taxn tin t^nh t'anx 
ipiyn am pa to'njftad^a 
ny'nox nyn tanytaa^aya tanyn nw tax 
ktb mx px Piyii Tjytaia ditt pa Typnanp 
px tapyn ,iya"iitJ> Dyi mix ny tapmu jsin 

MX rt"?R m PX \VT)h DX1 SpTX DiTN 

»im tax px ,tya»^ ta^ jyp lya^icy x tya^>yii 
„1^nt \"i nyp^tanp ny'noK mn taay^ 
-np yaynynjnya xn iy:^r ay f ^5n»tt»j 
-anymxa minis nxa ly^ytaty dnii ,iypn& 
lyamya x tanynxa iiya n 'Xi ."lya^i^ x rya 
paynayta ya^iiya- x ,P*iyii x pa '^in nam 
■«itx nyn .Tyta^xmaay in px pnyn axi- 5#t 
5$t pnyu axn tx ,Diynxa ,tannypnxa ,nyta 
;nynayta ow p»p lyn^xntaay ta^a in px 
-ax in px 5nt pn'yn x tx ,taaax^nyai nya^x 
D"t yrna^ nh ,yjny^ »n niJ ty^y^^ 
pnaw osi m ,t3^x^ya ^y^mv x .ryay^ pa 
inx nrx jwuw xh iy^y>a^BXi in r^x ^jr 
-ma kh tin ytaa»r^ypy xh .yoi^o xh 
iya«p nyax .11 .w px jyay^ n'pa d»t yjny 
ny'nnx ix nu p» ny anx ^p^np xh pa 
tDjy^xa ay*:, tyjyp^^ax ta-'j mm .nyip^np 
,D,jy^xo ma toxn iv:v^ anx ,iya^n^ nyi 11a 
-nx» ny ay» ,t«j w ry^ayuyo pn ny ayo 
.y'oix^D dxi iv f iyay^ no yjnyK' dxt W? 
WW x r ^i^.t5">3 div .yDDaxn^ypy dxt 
nv »>3 vyv laioan ly^^D^xyi nyn tia 
x pa oiDT^JXttxi asn o'd pn iynyna 
tte nyp^np ny'nox \"P lya* ,sa^n nx^pni 



eiyoaiDny dxt px pnyii D'nya^n^ ayi 
...ypiyn yiyoya isj lyaxt^ iv nya^n^ ayn 

-••^np ny'nioK TXi ma px in ,x^x 
dsI' jyp^np ya'n d.'d ony^ nya^yn ,~\yp 
-ya t^x lya^yii {ix ty^rra t>xi Typjyn P^sa 
dd^ "iya^ity yiDaxaiya p* typymy iv jpn 
yny^t px in lyaya^'VTVDnx iix Tyaxt^ iv 
*np xtx lynimaonx ma fyp dsi tin .yp^yw 
;ixr pn iv yay^ mo .nay^xD d^d ^yp^ta 
lyma x jia tyiyii oi'yt3.D"aya jyp ~\yrfy\\ 
yw x pa lypnio ly'nox njn xnv ,pi;xn f i 
■:ix tamt^xax lyp^tanp ixtx ma .pmo prims' 
t 1 d "wpnjnp xrx ,piy\\ x cK^taiKB 
^.pnnai^;xi pix fiySrajra iya'*n lyayaamx 
»P3n.ny t5xn nya^n^ n'pa p?u;n dxt dix.11' 
-omx Tin ni^a xh xm ynxia .nauw t 11 ? px 
in raxn ^xn xm ,nyiaxa wan in rt x lyaya 
Tia dd^j nyi iyn .nno d^o ?ib tsanTyaax 
pa }ynaivyaas tsiyn lyp^tanp fy'nnx tajn- 
T^x taaiy? dxh ,iyraan nyn pa Da^a tayr 
PK taoip' Dy tx ,taa^ x xm nTx ,pnyiT x 
...tjptb B^o'MnTiya 
-xiyta^ ra^yn nyn Tia vozwvx ^sn ?*k 
y^yar^a y^y^a px y^yci xt tya^n lira 
-aiDiy |yasn dxh ,iyp v ra.np y'nox tyayn 
-^yTX Dnytaaiony .lyBwry iv fc iy-a^n«8' taiyn 
yiytayaty ixn px jya>n 0x11 .uia^w ya 
.oyaytPT yta,Dnnya-t5^yii lymjnya Ty^nN'' 

m -lya^rn^ ny^nnvaxiB ny^x , ay^T nyn 
-yni^jui naxaxaxa nnx 1 12 tax;ni i^axaxD-yi 
mn« taxnya xmn »t rar^rr px ryvrpa iya 
>nx ,jypim ore ix^pxnyn x px jyp^iv 
..itaay^xta T'n p« taan^aya \vrt ny ta^n a^ayn 
x yanT lyTy^yaiya^x iy taxn ?uoa"« T^a 
-ij/2pnty tw'dii lyDOiinya ayi ma yvpD 
-ya nya^ayii ra^a Dyn na^na pn pxnyayamD 
tanynyaanx Tyaxn »t jx^»t ^oy jytannn 
-ya yTH tin .aanytao^aya ta^o yv^pD xn 
Tytaytanxtanx yo^i "iiv xh ps •aanytaD"a 
mns taxn ,mytaamny omx tar*m -ly^taoa^p 
Day^xta pn p« jyan^a x DiTX pn jyax^aya 
-xamnaixn ya^n lyax^ya tnt taxn ny px 

...tyv^po yi 

^xamtJ'T ty^ta^H ayn pa nxtapxnyn nyn 
nya^yn .majors* myn ".yarma-Dp^xa y^na,, 
f iypnanp mnaxynta nytannnya x inx t^x 
x tap^yaiv jyasipya pniv ijnn^ tana taxn 



49 



pn^n;: 



205 



-nya Dnyp*Dnp ayn ha ">ii ny ts„ ayn 
...tj©"tv are ?yfrrsy:i yannnyr 
re b&s Dns ws omp r Pso nsanyn 
tyayii tyaiii^a tyniD>re y^n^s ps fyry5 
-nyojis osn ,pnyn jyn^yr ojn ps ay:"s 
D"n sm ynynas nyn pa yma in nrv*p 
on.Tayaana jyo bsn os :5b>»5 .risw pa 
:mb»re put ♦nybsynb s p'S badjpb y>n s 
yo/inre sh ii"Tk aso pit yoyua sh bsptf 
sn ts ,&?inaa ba»ne> ps Dns ku oas5 — 
tints' ajioire jicm sh ;..yosob> s m 
osn pn laynuibs' pTfcap ps sn ts ,craa 
-nya «n pn lyouyjons nnyr Dipn>aia a^a 
pn yoy^a s*n tn ,^naa bs'»tib' aMb^re yo 
on: aipn^aia Din ps nit^n Pa j^rtootsS 1 
...b^pan^nws^ pa nrcyaya tyisujps- sn 
y^s «h tyry^yanyaut D«n nriut ts 
,e>tb«Be> btyere in mrps bfrrs "ifj^bnp,', 
— in »a nms oayna — nnnyo Dsn ps am 
nyjy> tyn ,bay5p n?s pn 5sr yDyns sn tx 
?bia nrs ps sn ts ,tjnnaa oa"ncj> 
".J^\ ny ts„ :ps mm iyn 
ms on ps pTunrB»D»a yooyna osn 
ny^nyaynnnt ink osn i^sis pr h ;py^nya 
.tynyfrrya wi ins in osn pn^s n»SDpw 
-«B>ya f pTjm yDDD^nt^ osn ,onnypnya ,ps 
yj>n in osn ,ojy^so t^o jy^jyo k pa jya 
oayp nyas iirp^np ynyms pa .\vq"1 yon 
»t ,on tynnn^sas "T rrjyem on osn nnut 
■r« pnyn wjn .pnyn p»p on tynynyn*are 
nsa «t nstai ps nibsnybn* ,wi »t tDTDynyD 
bi^Dyn^b^R oy .pjnre p»p t^j ,^o r 
aiii^b ny n T ;iya"iB> tia p^rnya nh nu *n 
y*iy"T tia a^ lyo^s ttj:yn pnuni pn jyayn 
p« ,nrpK re ry;^nreya ya^jnytnya 
s isdj^ onn< »t jy^yn ikt pn d*d bu ny 
-D^jiD^re tia ,1^'bSJ ,ai> % P I'anx, pnp 
»t d^d f n$»5ni on ,nya^ ny pk ny^axa 
-n an^ pw «t ty^yn mi ...im jasynpw 
map ojyo k ins nap s p» lyas^ya re tya 

. . . h5w 
D$n osn f nyp;bnp m tynyrjix typ t« 
pa pnyii' « pn« jso pn oa^i^yj ^snj"« 
ny os,i jy^SD ins px. nya>n^ jyoniyi '» 
■yj una^y: oanna srs vw\ ytfw dsi 
:arpN >>a tJWD bayna .nny'-n p» orn^ 
bt^ny nsn odkh «n f anp 'n joib^tN^,, 
-ojy "?pnyn ya^yr Dsn oan^ya nt« jyo^yj 



^ni r n»anyn byn ajiban nyjjubD^wn w 
-»ng> iytj"DD^xyn r n, P o^: p« sain nsbp^n 
ry^s>jy^T ayn tyjyp^^reas iwwi o^j r nya 
-an ry^nnvj'sna tvonnj ayn r^a mv$m 
-*aiya n jyiiya pn VDiis^-va^ j ...nyu 
"y^D:yonyaDpy„ D's^st pa iywi m:yz 
nyooynjiyo^a vi ps ny usn isn ,ty^»sT 
-yjjis s osn N^st tn mivwm pwip 
nsayB'b inojs o>o .oay^so fyonnj i^ansdi 
b^re y;:^^ «; ins nyp^np nya^yr nyi ps 
yo^sp„bsn nn: ^yreyao.tynynarejistyiWJ 
yrn re oms bpni "iisay.^ dsii ,"oi^a 
ipons^sa ,, tt bsn p/aynoDyn pa jy-tfyn 
.oay^'O jyDma D'nsay^o Djyp^^yaas b'j 
sn pa fyiiyj ^pDiis^sa^a fs isn ps 
-snyD^ nyt^^Din nyn ps nytsan yoa^yib'" 
tjf osn Dyp^njyn yiyn^n \"p o>o ,iid 
■»n dsii Aya^n^ ps vpivk o^ynj^nya on 
t^s nus^on ps .lynyj jy^yay; on an>s \v: 
niseis nya^n^jyjsn-sn nyomya s sn 
-sinyDJSP s nnyt t^ ^pdhs^is nyryn ^pd 
-:sp ayn pa nycansb^o s ,nya^iij' lyivo 
WW, ^sJiiB't ?jwon tyoDinDsinyD 
-ynas^a sts osn tyaynboyn pa "'.pnboyn'i 
on '•poiiyB'bnasPO sm nyp^onp nymo 
iy-i:yo"nya Dhya^nt^ ayn D^p^^yaas 

.bay^sb 
* * * 

-■•onp y^n^s ynynis ins nrs jy^n 
tins ^sos ^n »n ryjyp ?sP , "iy»'S ps iv? 
s pa pnyii ?yon s on: tyo^nrn n»s is 
-^onsajis in «t lyasnDiya ?iya^n^ ryrn 
.tj^"? ..my3»nw pa ypnyn nn re ^s 

s nynyrais sni .oiynya ^sos, asn in< 
-yn onynyj ^nyDD^nya ons osn "won? 
m V\, :~\vpw~\P jyB"K"Bsn"s lyoniya s jyj 
,^m ny ts /won? nyroan s ,, pno rn< ny: 
ps asP t'ans pnp s ayj^s ts iy omo 
Ntf"s t s n ayj^s ny oasiaya ,^m i]! ts 
"...in»ns nyn ps 
^a oc^n p^tp Dsn ,nnn* bnybenyo 
ps Dy "..i^ni ny tn„ ?nyp^bnp s tynytjis 
ps ay ;pnyii tia ,ojy^o pa yasna t^P on 
,pnp kh ojymya ny^y re* ,y;sna p^p on 
ps |3#"« i"j sn o:ymya nynynjs nyn re 
pa yatoa s nn t>s Dy r pn — ,nnns nyn 



206 



t2s:ipix 



50 



dj/ ...to^pa^nynya njwj^p -iy:y:i 
lis »D"3 *an Tittinyt^ nyrjiK pa wnyn 
dsii„ anmt) sn tins nyaJyn ,ty£m nyjy^ 
-y: »{jir 'M^iny b*j px o#h pa T5w pk 
tp re onya tk urn ,ps t^^v,, rtnyatny 
•any nm ,v» tJw:ik px ,a"ii o'nyj 
dd^J' njrtfm "Bftn ."a»m p*» re aonyj 
k px nyp^np mwjwt »a onx in Bpm 
p« oy Txh-i,, :y?i»n8a Tytrw^mre "inyo 
Dy;y^ {im to jyjyi p« ijwp ,td b>d tr: 
"...lynxo x |ya>n tyo *iwr 
■wJ nymx px iinim lyaMpya n» ov 
Jxr dxp .ronp y^K^tnssjw rx -nam 
~iya *un pa tynyryjas pnjm Din jyrp^np 
p*i 5xr oxn .nya^nr nyi jib t^w^yr 
WM ,mx^a R dJk TittxnyD^ ty&aiOttya 
dJx iu ,ryj$nyB yBmya t^o tt fyjyayn re 
pa bd^j *un &ayw Dy ixn ,nnnp nnp x 
Djn px 5nya 8 xm ,fiim oy inii -,Djy^B 

PX y&DJiW D'*1"IB8J ,D^ D'PB Dnfc* fyayB 

! runo y-DD^yny 
px ntj typ p»np yB"x,"B-ixajix ws 

"...IttBJIPIV,, XH tyaxfc>> P» 

.-lyaiy^ -pis 



pnyii oxi pi^ tk b^xii b^vt,, ny B-iya 
T*s axn tyBay: .ny nyi px tuna Bi"^yj 
■ya b>2 tx agn ?yBayi J"n ,BanJya Dy 

"...DJ^n D"VI TN Dlfll .BDlXll 

.BDwrorr tt e*»»rt ibdxh d^itx mju. 
-ya^ ty«m yn»yn» y"J x oyay ?anp **i 

,bikt iy tx .ryaiyjynya^K to mn vn„ 

".-lyp^np \"p b>j pa t» t« 
B^nya yoyna nynix p« ,Bnxn pw b^d 
■TO'DTWtfiH p« yDDsnayD^yj .ya^nny 

PB no^J «H T»R By D»11 D^T — P^D^P y^ 

^yB"» nyxnxiw g .trntMrBtt*^ wiix y^« 
-Jim ,Jy&"» nya^py-i^ s ,*wn p« twnyn 

ynyT:i» ty^PTv n«3^ iik fiMOp Bmn iya 

nos^j nyn i^k iiyjyB yon jrw* txi:^ .bdjip 
-y^ n.TK p« »narpjn\ .nya""^ jnywiK pa 
f mB*nyD'?" « ryasw ^ aanyuD^aya n« ya 
bv>t ^ya^D nya^pyn^ s f i3nnww « nia 
bswu"s pa ty^Taya vp)m p« *wj« t 1 ^ 
-y^ kh' ta>a ...!iy»."m nvi tv^nya »<j ps 
nynya mn t:ik j?t tann^B "vittsriiyn^ « ya 
-"» pn IV yay^ kh tij .nyp^np nyn tia 




.nya-'a y^j v*t:v^nb jyta'terny 



pa lyayayjon-iK ,iyp»^ ,*i pa oxyT-iya^K /mw DP>j?a pa "ya^ nyB"osj»py nyiv, 

.unmtJ pn "i^naiyB^anx,, yai~u iyn 
.« pa tyayjyjoniK, f B»iaayy'»D .a pa f "b?.ip t^ts B»i5 jyayj ly^^nsa p'g v^v^„ 

.DD pJgBSD 50 jgo^n 



51 



ny^a y"i 



207 






.dsp aawSaia wuna"5 ny^s^vs^yars 



SH ?y:"T tl?T^-|l/2 pS DST:"S ,nSW PS 

.pn*5 p»t ps ."ttnjp? yaaya 
pa ~iy:yp nyn -pa innjyBtnya ps ay 
Tin /tfyajwrn k»n nyaan s ts ,yny$s 
.WW 1 ? pk pn:yDtJws jwn ps tmay: pn 
-:i&an y&pnn^ wi ps tyaaya as pn 5sr 
yrn d*b t^ysty nyo^ in isn \m ,ry: 
-:^p o'lyaan Dirr nya^s ny:ra yinsn 
uny>5 yw nyo'K iy£yn ,nw: nyniy: 
•rvflw ytDDiyj^K ju»t m ps fyt^snmy 
wn ttfnyey: &sn nyaan ayi urn ps .ty£ 
nynyrso 8 pa ya^n jmyrrvnya yam: 
lynns 1 yiyayat? ps tid ny wn ,::n^a 
d*is*t ,tyon\ 5jic*3 ny-ry nsa jyraayp 
ra ,iyray: ix m tyan *iy5yt3c:^p nyi Dim 
div ps ttfjm nyi w ::tfyBB> r"t iyny:iyr 
-an ayi iseiyn m:^p :nym& ps .ryay^ 

DD3TJK1„ W"t p« .MjtfMJUBtfn /TjJpS O^ytD- 

:js ny »ann "is^y^a 

ifyi'Byj jyagTta^yT k its 

.liwx'nys ]"x -px a*jn Dysy 
.^ni t« dn'.i ,ao D»m "px int 
lin^ 1 ? ]yj"T ,un""is ws»i 
?a l ?y , oti , j?3 to lis i«n \w\y 
— !iy*p»a mx ps lynx t>k pjxip 
?ts'?im rh is ,oy tn pa :ujnt 

,p:snp B*a 5$o:"p "Tjn»5 ps ttfyu sh 
jyp nsn is: .P:snp m< sn aasn nyas uw 
nyi nya^s isnta ann s m ny^orp s 
i:s5 ajn ps lynyn ix jyry:y: ps D«rn»mp 
sn ps tinwmfj^K m ^"ronjw nyi pa 
nya kh pa ps ,iyay^ pa iy:ya ysy^e 
ps |y^:ya sh is tyDip^nyt3:nK p^: pa 



Tin s iVDfwiya ty::iDan D'n^ya:yTs"i 
H pa ::^dst s |yt:^snt::y ps jyo'n 350 jts 
"Dyay^n nsa t:^snt:ysa nyn ya^jni ,tny$ 
p» ttf"nE»v lyi'n «» .yDD:yDsiy: ps ye 
y^s:s^s: f ijn3P5 DD^n^na ps nyto^ais 
_i tdsd ,-iyny^ yt^n^ ,nyiy^ Dp^sa ps 
lia nyn .nyny^ y:yny^nya lis Tjny>5 yc 
D*y;tD3H nyn tyvstmas ^>snyt:s» :i:y: b^j 
ayn ps pns t:is wnn^a ps D^prDynts 
pa ayr^s pa pyny5 typ:siy: ps D^n^ay: 
nyn pa nytoan yn:yay^> yta:s?ya ooya sn 
ps ,Dy^s nsa nynna jyn .p^>sa ry^n^s 
pa iyp « i^yaayrsn t^s ,iyv:s: ps tayoa 
yrn .ppsa pa lyoan s ps D^ans nyn 
piia tttjn&WD.ms w^ ^y~y^ ynn(ya 
nya^s ps f nn"5 yi"t pa ps jyay^-ap^sa 
t^yn^ii Dy^ya^nams c: insTt iy iy?*n 
pa ::s^P nya^vnyc^ siyo s lia ayn t^ 
s errs inn in tDiy.i ay ,p>a ps ly-:. 1 ^ 
-so'na'-s nyttfs nyi sni .i^.Tyjnym? 
.P^sanyn^nso nyn pa ivd 
"*n3jn"5 nyT:is pa ivp nns is d5s 
nya |yay^ pn nyoan nyn Dsn p^sa |ya 
nyt:so sh nsa ?iansp jyonsn ps nasna 
yte ya^yp .jyi 1 ^ sh iv .nytsenpy y^y s 
s d^o jyiynp ty^na ps iwp y^nm 
ynynna pa Dy'tn^'y: tyasn p's i:sn y^ia 
m mw nyn tar^y:iv ryay^ ds~i t:sn ,nnn 
B^apvwa t^s dsv, ny:^s pa nsasp im 
ps ynywt Tin nn ps n:s^ yncyia « ps 
.isnns pn iy:ymya t:^ans yn:jnnyvons 
u^v nyooinymta iyn pn lyiiy: r^s dift 
.spnyos ps is^'si^oy ny^H^s nyi pa 
d::^p anynntD ts /urmsii nyi p« asn 
ps ::i:asn ms ts ps "iy::n pa ny} dst 
m: ?yo^Dt5' v>\ in Diyn Tnao:yay^ ins 



208 



tasjipix 



52 



jya^ynya iy^n^ « jyjsj-itD wfom run 
cyn ni ttfrwa tyo .yaoya »n nyBPsnsa 
oa«5a w pn ,"r.iy5y pn nytt'a ,my»B> 

NH TN >D^ PN "WB3"K 'ITS iyt33H 1JTT 

onim ny^op^a djh pa »"po»na yinsii 
-dp5$b rjyii DJNpya tyrn *r» .»a»nrun 
ny^ dni mil nyoya |yj"i yctfyn f irTJ^ 
-j^K "lyanTiipnyq pn,p».."y.5yjrN v®,, 
N ,Y-\vv& lya^ny^N lyay^D n .Bepaws 
jprrn Tt any: oy5x px ^'pwa y^nw 
pn ny^ oy~ pa i£i«2>jin xfapvgD n jjhi pn 
nyn pa ttfnya Dy.,.tnyn pn pa 5*vHa n 
nyas /lyasnyp nyi pa wid nan tjm? 
-y; »*i tnyn Danyj Din pa »"iij?»»' nh 
punt tik ty» typ ya^yt dni pn .trttHw 
iyi pn s«iB> p.K„ nya djj'kbjn oyn ty:yn 

": D"H 

.JO'tt'NB RH 3"1B T« JIN pan "I'N 

;d>in t:nyj; ro pi» km 'bn^s jik 

r PIN3tt> ]"p DJ?3"p tl'lK BO JIN1B T« 

.nkap 1 pK j?:n"i to t'n najns pn 
.DniJ nN 120 pyn P« a&anyn ijn 

Dyi tt mj*i nyas nyny? y^N^NJ 
ttfnya Dy tn ,tM"fe> oy ,&••: "um lytaan 
*iy~i ,&ji$Tyj ryana a»n tin mi f onM« 
pn pn jyrayj viypyi &: a*p T« .?ya>i5:i 
■yp Tt 5nt ya^yu ,njp5 sfcjgratu p»k Ta 
oyr^p pa .piyn ifew? ya«t is o»»^ ?yj 
.ytMnyj jwtHSD yrn tin ryjpn Diyn 
bj"x Tfryeayttn m punt *n nya$ no tn 
BS"$jpfc ,ny5nymy in pa jnd yoia paiu n 
"int? him ypnyn jnytD^n sa«t p* ny ayn 
.an^u T^P^ni r»t tpajp) *wa .f^K5«a typ 

.tyawwD^r.K \nw -wtsrt t^k *na ^yT 

d^» >'^T*,rynjiay: tsu ,iy>2Na jyDi; tix 
"^v»n«50i^'K «n pa yrj^« .-£$j 5jMonr 
Djjn Danmya^ .roisD^na tyrn pn 
ty^n^K oyn inya^x p« oy n^a D^tyiT 
pa ijnyj Kn jyanp iv tyrrem ix P^a 
.spnyps r r H ly^an p»t 



pa dbt>»3 oyi b^o pk njy^y pa ^hd 
iya^ .ty^im yny^r tinman iv DD^nD 
t tD3"B> Dy »tDjypyj w: -i^ya:yT^ D^n Din 
-iin w Tt ^ijy; tyan^ dh^ ttfnya Dy tn 
,t,y5«m^ yD58 an o>e Tin nyn ps* ?ya 
- , i.^JND^yn xm»na ^ dh^n t^nya Dy p« 
din ,td»j nyi pa D^naytMjn^D px aaiK 
y"j ria ty^y^a; nh dtd jyn^a^anisi 
nyn nyoan t 11 : onyn diijh .ry^»yTK 
->k D^^n jyp^n Tyinww n ps .ryomv 
B 1 : ny jyp ,tjrtv5 pa irp s .d.tk iya 
o»»t "tyn^^yo,, $i?K xn p* px ,iyaa»yp 

;ti#&5vi ny 

nj?T t« ]yn ,tn i»m yw'cMjn ,n 
iiyai'i njn ps *r»itt>3N nyi 

nyn "ij?bjmb n BS'n^iy cxn *inb 
?iyaip lysy'B n ,i« t» 

13Vp « NMl T« py*lt?iy DXll "INS 

,iybi^a kh ps wptyv, D'i'2 

lini lynm ps ^ns jyao'iy d^b 

?iy»ip Diyaom ]N BJNt dnii 

tyinyia nh tn ,inj D»ni tn 
b"s i^Tyin is in»' iyij?' p« 
;tyiyj p« -inj jyi»»tyiy 

B^NJ D'T13 P« TN ,1N3 Dmi T'N 
,DnNll N K'»l> Byt^T'lJ pn 
:^Nt yB'^tt' N pNH pN S]J?'B PN 

...lonnp ,0'*i3p f on3p !nyt 

.ty^yp tyDDya pn nj»an nyn d.p^v st 
,*iy^ Dy^DC t s, T ny tajr: ^Ji^ynD^js tns 
"^vyiDMN in D«n *iy m ,^pv)) o^t ny 
T^td«: ntN mj^p nya^yn f w»?p tysjya 
.^NiiP tmiyuns^ pa i?y»iio dni nm 
,n,ya pn p» Sir&ya pn pmo tt tr«m oy 
tyDDyiJ nyr pn D^pay^D D^nya nyn^^ *i^ 
tn ,tin vnw iyo .uny^ yaVn pa ^md 
■jytaDyni div ,p* nytsan pa Y~\yDW nir. 
-i^ jr-^iytDiSD Tin tyany^DPiN ^"nta 
"»^ nyD^anN ^&is .rmjyD^DiN pn rm 
.ya^jynya oiyt3D^» tin ont px ,rm 
-]P5 nyD^aiN yjm pa nh ?yrn iNanin 




•DWiiO -ly-nBDpy^K 



212 



tasnpix K"n 



myBBoyp-DCO^n^ns -^EWK^nKVi y^yh 



•wwy -lyrJSDpv^s ycwy: ps 3»ta _ DEmaj?:i ftwnny to di* 



d^k 1$: .tyw ynv ym? pa fjtfgirp* sh 
-jn tana £ib innuM pw iy pk Sjttj^irJw 
13/ Dfiunnjn dki .typisnyj ynyjs'W^n 
-jy-irutfya pk tjawBBjnjHMW BDay.ru k pk 
rimyj aprniuaiK pk "BDftm f 5yp*tnK \jn 

TJftMW 1894 lyaKtDPK PD "DQJ1P1Y,, TUH PK 

-k'vkd pw ant? nytMjny pd„ fyoKJ tarn 
.btittfrsuri? nnyr di^t twi^t? iy ".didpS 
pa tK^tfKW kh jynytym tsvn ny Km 
»i> ,tny?PTy iy pk ,p^iya pk 1848 m;yo is 
thwne iwpb^kb ts fibdbp nyD^na lyrn 
TPPXSTO ayi *pik BiKiayjB^iK nrpK bkr 
,B"?tt"fti yt^BSispy pram 
Ki^nia kh Km lynyrya tDKn -y jmi 
-sn ya^yn ,TyB"an« *pik lyoww tyasn 
px Bttropgn yc^DKJKpy bjhsStmb ?ya 
-ku„ y:Ki& kh BtyB&'yi tt iy own ,1848 
-yi„ Dm** D»n ,ny Bny^pny r wn pk "?nn 
kt tymr aitoyoiK dki ^ya-^naya iv Dims 
tk jnym px tymr yaSjrn ,ryDK!?p mis 
-«5 yanima mi* spin b5»phm¥ tyayiyD 
pk TytD^aoMK kh pa nya^ nyi -- nw 
"«yt3iyD"ay:iD ,| iK kh pa iy:x> nyi 
nyoya bu ina fyjyp Mio-ynaya nyniK 
PK nyBnyii yjswK yrn Bia Km [yoy^ 

:5syp^tr«s ayay 1 

-"31K "iyj»^*iy3 NH PS BjaOKp "iyi) DKT„ 

lis ant? "lyasny ijn lyiiya pn (1848 px -ij?b 
14 tj lynjw "in: tin -ij? ]jni ,aj>iia iy) ;*3NJp Din 

1?'BN T'N D^ .DlOT'^N'SND D1X (fyjJ'N lyjnny 

ut«n yaNap ijn — antr lyiysvtaiM in tyiiy; 
lytyn nyaN — jjMKatnys k'h BiyiBtyjw nnyo 
a$n iy t'3 /iya>m tanrneyj d.tn a$n an» 
lis Jiitainya ^sjn^ «n i^Bn^ya jnjyta^NS 
:ny^ lytsi'aiN D^jnnyn ps finw yiaxy'? nh 
:'ms ]'N iNi _; ?y3Ni dnt lyia,, 
r »nyintf>ptt» nyi bmj nh iyia 
— ana iyr 'nv"'lN7pt; , nh ij/ia 
"Itama pn ta"n'ns ,t2"n"*ifi t*n anna 



",t2^yn lyD'^aiK,, k^- to^n DDyi ^c 
-y: y^T» ytarmKiya k^ pa \%r\ti w ; ,_ 
iy-u»Dpy5B .JyJ Daynjya .ijniMJ-scpnjm 
o>o JiKta-ctsmay; tynny' to pn iv dkik 1 
\vwi "/an nyjKPnyaK nyniK,, \y&$2 tan 
d^k ik: C3 bijptujb iB>a ny to^n tycKJ 
pk didt^k^ko pa tynyj-K^ h pa ~yr\s 
■^3~ik y»o»n pa "vynrpa k d^k ,stpnyD k v 
twiMsnyoJiK tK d^s t^ tyninjKT ,"wt3 

PK, lyiyDJlQfl'lR JK D^K ,D2K , ^ 1 W"TH P:S 

yaaoyp pk iy;jiayiot" kh pk lyr^TiayTi 
Tjf"t rynyDyanya w nyn^aiK y^n^K pa 

""aiK,, kh D^y-i2 rtK 1 ^ 1 y^^'K yr^yv, 
7xn pk eirumwa ^j tt t3»n ,"o^mi nyt: 
pa nypK^a lynayi pk f tawa nyDDyD ,, n 
5>st iy ,nyaaayp lya^K tyryn i* ,op'nbo 
jya^irna tyo^n pn o^o tiynytojiony »t 
iy 11 ? jymi-yj iv jjni k iw-"v »n pk mijm 
-h^k y^K ry^^T Dy tyjyp nrswo ^k: ?fiap«p 
t^k iy .jyjKn'Kr^nK jw^bo^k^sud y^" 
ny pk nyiny^ ly^r jy:n |y5ia pk iF.iy; 
o'D '« nyiya lyiiyviy'pi t»n bud >k w 1 * 
oy .ayiy-i yuynny^ya ps v^:yi^-\ ymr 

iy~lK ■^tD ,1 T KH pa ~\V2"P TK r "H!!3»» t'K 

Bpnww pk lyDD^K^'KD yuyaynai^-c^uy 
fyiKataana pk fyaytD ktk DKny: b'j ok~ 
-ik y^TK ytDnyJ'pyja^K kh itik di5&>»« 
yvjKJ t'k nya^yn ,d!s:j<;"' .a» k^i ny»"a 
tyn^n p&DTimjja kh pk !y:K£D^y; ihk 1 35 
Tjn pk DiDt^K'VJjffl "iKa nyaaoyp kh pa 

.ta^jni iy 1 '; 
■"•tk w"? pa no^p D>K /'oa^piv,, KH 

KH D 1 ^ TIK DIIKl Dn^« tDDHJya .TJf^ yB' 

wm*n pk '"•an iy:»pny»s nytaiK,, nytDnyn 
{ya^TDiiyiiK pn pk jyay^ iyja»5 k nn»« 
-y^Kis pa jjiK'naiya kh tu »iso«p 

iv ryay^anyB iy pk »ne pk ^"iny 



Diypp ':'t; 



213 



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.1902 f\x j«^-Nit2c:«n>;" '«o nyj^n k*h ps 



-nyviyi to tyatyn pa .tonypy^ e>Tfi lyuyj 
;yts"i\x pa ii* p 8 .nyry5 yiy?ji8 bow jy5 
-?yu ,iyBDHP wtk k ,?yiw iy pk ntfi 
-iyBJix tyotfj ?"t Bjypya anp bkh iya 
-BDafyT pk yiny pa jy^npsy; yj»p ,jjf3'n» 
ya"p ,ufjmjny B'j btk pk jyo ogn ynm 
i:-: ySyiym pn "2 jyo oki iyiy^"iyi5»yn 




.o-iypy^ BTfl 



pit jya«n lyoavj-yriyan yi«p ,ty:^ry; 
ra *f. .BDS^Byj&nK B*J ynsjBJKB d-tjwv 
r jWMMyjaiii ~y pk yfriw sn^a ynyDD 
-sj/3 $ «a SiHTtnjnw? s pa y^rw x ,_ i 
.tyjjiiyiy^iy ,Bnj pe yfriw kh r noK$e 
-yj yotsny sh na -,y Dgn iki pk .sy^p 
•niBiy Tin ktk fytymyjemK onrMssfi 
,i — BDa5>yt pk yiny pa SiT&yj lyo^yp 
5<t fc? ,0"p5>yT''K ytpnyon Bay ^y*e 'its 
iDtDPsmyn lifl 5>y&B>"a lyuyiyoD^jya 
k*i ixn ,w^n ps lynytpya pk dsi 




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.pftjffi IJ»5»TK f'B^ 

itk »a lyias PKiyn 

|yj^T D$1 ?p£$B DK1 

yitj»TK T^nyiiyj 
ryasn ya^yn ,d^iu 
DKirjpj'm DjyED"ft 
pk B"ii tynyBP ya^rn ,p^sb t'Bio nia"t? 
.p^Kfi pa jyoKD yoniJ k*i pa BiyiiiTyiss 
ijrpK K"»i ?k ,t:ik B^nymyi yoyna yryi 
?yT»« Kn rs ,iyiK^iya &2 ikj pk aiUMpi 
5a ,pmt bbiipw 8H pk lyan typip fyayo 
l^raiK .tyj^nya ya^yrx oniK NtfyB«> »i lot 
jyaanyw «a tyaynp i-yayp ya^yn tyrx 
yinm px tik jyiyny: ,iy^8iyo pk jyrrB 
Bjyayiy: tik jyiyn "t ;n^iu kh iv bwpix 
jjubki k pk p^bs? k ikb 
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tx f t3inypiKa yuna rypi^i i^d Jiu^a 
d^kh ^y tyn ,P^Ka ayi jynyj b^sh nyn 
yi?yvj»K fi^iK lyaiiiaiSii ya«t y^K onayj 
tk .aytonKro ytDTa^iivis kh pa fyistiye 
-lyam ta:ypy; bu jbik ai^a in b?sh jyo 
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.bi^ii iiyopKii ya^yv, ,iynna ;yo^sa vi^wx 
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.tyBD^siyc ' pk Dyp*:iii8J r ^B kci ay^iv 
BiH3 tyi^8BB' i*d r wpK P« ryan^: to 
yoma kh ay^iv ,Baa^yr dtk ay^iv DiTK 
B"X yovy!' «H jyasn ya^yn ,jyD8»Dp^a 
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iv fyDSftPBiy pk uni^y; ntK o:iy^y: 
"^ii ya>yn r iyDyiyBTK yiy*n lyri^nBiye 
nm yoayi v\y"i i«a *ibd«p i^k d>iik tyr 
f aiiiyBBKa>iK BDa>yr ^y*a *itk ,jrnvM w? 
.B*MjyD8^Bjy ^y^e nrs 
inK pk lyoKOOp^KB ytyn pa irp 8 



214 



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.iRnaya nvn "iru/o drh "wnai ywn .ayie> 
MnjMin rh ^sn isa pa laiRi^ rh Rm 
c»mn^p va^vnyoc r d>d ,iynyny*T drh 
rh .tnypj.^ ehti lis drub kh JR 
-5jfn pr aanyasRanR DD35>yT pa Drab 
iireaRj lis pww im pr .heipajn 
isa tr ,b8HRidw?r*ib jyB»TR [jriayBaow 
hr dbwj£ yDOWiyaaiR v&& PR v^a 
n« MiRPiaya hrb >dk> nyi pa qto«s 

.DIOP^R^RO 
* * * 

iwn*ny PR unsays PR Dnypy? tp-pn 
pn jr'^ows yons ir inyi p« fyiRiiya 
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-RDy.ia tyons tyiy 1 pa b»iTW rh Rm 
djd^hb an'ni tir brh "rayav p»i .*n r P 
na jyiwa pk ~iy .tyflPUQ oyonyayaa-R n« 
yiytaiR .Dana 8 ,ajr -iyaHyay^> r tidrj 
yo^ytR d^d ^a tW"t iv^oiwip ye"T8 
?yn^a »t im"R lynna-iya yaftm ,ny*ia>p 
rh oni .tyisnya nn-'K na Dftpi drn .inR 
■'www Dn d.tr d^rii ajiajniys wbik 
isntsniyi tytrisM ntfyo jw? tr /vftyc ?fta 
« *pir tPAHmupjmM d^rii iy jnuvroti 
-^8 fyiRnya D^sn iy nyis .ajm lyaDy^r 
joSpn ,tyvR bhr^o jj&pb «h ria ny: 
,5m ~\yiv iy"S "iy~ na ,*iu lyTDonpy 
lyiy nyns *un ,wtn5w lya-y^ ~iyis "un 
.ly^DtnRB yny^r p»? iy^>Ri ,naio fcfa 
-iyas DiT« drh ajwtj/a nya^nnR rh 
myiiR ma pk Jwpw. i"t iir .lyeiayaonR 
tMynya nrvR osn iy .tjnsny:; jyiy^Day 
iy DSM d>d iir taiiypyj tupi iy D<ni r^ii 
.yi'^yjy ,nmo Dgrun tap iy .Djypyj Dsn 
tyoinytM^R kh jyayaya&s oy drh iv pr 
BRn two ~iia irii .-lyo^aiR lyina jfj«i pa 
r ."lybD^o tyDD.y>^ s tyatjniMj'ya tDDiKiya 
yc^iy rh tia tyiiya iy pr ,dr2 r ,aypD 

.rs^a ta^iR 
■ya nyn pr jyDiiya ^hdjr Dip ny 
pr 'w?rb nyi si^r ^Ranya^R lyoDiRii 

■RPV .80^11 PR ^tDTjWMSh^a R ,irir^ir: 

-ya D^RTiys ny Dip nnan yDHtay o»o jy» 
-rh »i jytD^DDjnR yr^DHRa irb r tyna 
yD-i^DDyiR rh lRti ,pin dri Don.it»jM jya 
iy brh aynaRj .jwwa »iRS«n.yB jyi^n 
pa ytrPBDin-R rh pa oyj^R fyonwD^iR 



htk lynyj pr riidd^rb'dr: rh ir£ mthp 
,n^iy ^ uian ayT TueiKTKi rh r y ii ,o»m 
,iyw mtr t^r n^a ay^ pa ir 1 ny^ irii 
■unrun-Jin .nu» a"Hn rh pa ^^ ijn r^i I 
DjypH y^H^R rh in isrsucn ,sjr5 urvm^ 
]]nv "irb ,irb tyny 1 ire jym pr ?yanayi 
lyrn jsr^ tyin^ -lya-iyuin, .Virdohs 
rh maR^o nya y^H^R rh tynya diri 
rh ,ytuHyT.ny rh pa wowrwsvi 
.yDyttaR.nya rh pa yt3Dyt>DRnya 
r. stir .tjnsiiya pr DiRta^ ytyn pr 
PR otrbb> ytMS'ny rh ibir lyiRanyiJiRii 
rh tyannyjanR or^ two irii ,ur>dh 
pr lycRnpRnyi^RWRD nyn pa jhrb yom 
-jRByajR dirt in iya«n ojypn wtk rh 
nya y^H'R rh pr ;un"?JMD«m M 
"iTiau yv^RD^ rh lyiRTiyj tyj«t niaK^o 
yarD^R rh pa ibdrp tyD'na am pa njn 
drh iRDRjiyaia iyjf>ni iy- jyri pr ;n»"X 
hr sw^tm rh Bjnwya ^RtOHa PR i^»ni 
-d^r lytaDitj' TjrTK "un drh irt ,nyt3"a 
o^o hxtti^R^jn r spiR ^iBiRp oyn tiro»ajra 
tyaiR^yj iy drh ts^njyo^K'tajy nyjyia^yr 
PR jyay^ jyaav pn iii^ynDoa^y: iyi 
-"a"iR nxnna yi«t m*a jyo^y: yoRi otsn 

.iyo 
lyannny tanypy? in a$n aRta awy p« 
ryjR^.'o i»d"ti pr oiyuin rh. ~iya'R inn 
,ryaR>p^ ytoDni rh ,irs tia iyjRnonyt:r,R 
-"p-tya^ptJ' jny^t an^nya iyaR-iD yr^yr 
jyanmy imr pr d?pr oro tyoRtiv pr .ryo 
;nn0 lyvaRj ria jyanR rh pr ,!ynRnyj 

DRT ,DRHRDy^R"lB lyt^'TR 1]/5fa«J 1JH 
.P^RB ytJ'H'R yvasj 

iRH^yaanR Diypv? o«n srd nyiy pr 
y^ya pr y^ya Rm ,-j.niyta 5jpu ryi r R ikb 
pr yftpfi pa in^iya pr dhhj jwtk 
,aaiaH^wya. yDDiyiw rh .fy-ins 1 y?F3 
rh tynya pr .ijttr rh tDpmya »rh orii 

RH JDDRDHD pK ,0"na'<S PR WtfnflWffl 

iRanyi |5iq«t jjn^R drii ^riob' jmoTjnw 
•nyai pb siRnee' rh. tynya t^R ,ryaRt3^yjDnR 
aiian^wya yryn drh ciypy^ pr .aaioas 
-iv pn d^o — DpyoyaaR HR-itac yryn pr 
.DpyoyaaR Dy ny drh Di^a rya 
d»3 tyaRiDya »r.i onyp^ pa 5np rh 
-Ricya drh Rn nRDRanyaia nya^ni Din in 
-iynDD3?yt "iyn pa twn«n tyDDyn pr tya 



tnypy 1 ? isnTi 



hrb t^a in Dy iyp nyta^a-iR nyjin -iy-r 
"jn5D*nyfl lyo^anR pa y5»i kh wtyvv 

,1J/Jin "1 JPD3'N R"11 — TJX^Dn p» RAJ 

pk raw "a .aaipvn iy"T PR oy d^j urn 

yanayD ,ayta ya^Rii »? jya^r Kpnyo-8 
ny-r jy^yDtnRB tpj m jyp ipn ntR .D^ay 
Dy Dt^it ,jyD"v ya»tDJ«rt na -pr iypna 
ye^nya kh) ,jya*nR» «H "a jyD^nya DRH 
jyayiiRn ( t 5*»\fimjfl pr ty'ttSBP pr jyTR 

.pJD 8 BV3 
nya x pr r^~\v vim® piyoaH d»*ii 
Tno yt^yaH-iya -lyaaiR ,y»^mnp yaysnwi 
p«. nyiD^aiK rh Tt lyfoRnys ,iynD jir 
~iyt3JiK p« jyaRiRD kh « ,, 'n nrR ,to*$wi 
"M? tye»vn pa .passim pr rj#"n y^HY'R 
.imro yan-ra^a yaHpynt? 8 »» *pir my 
jnjp't irj bwo yiv 1 tyoip typ ya^yn 
«t taaRonyi Brnya -ly&D-ay^p iyn .mwa 
ntR ,DiDTn^v ayn pa rtfan orSo h.h jr 
TyasnRo rh 5r» 8 tyj^min aay^a ny mi 
.18^nnipan« rh pa rtfan ^aRfo rh ir 
sh pr ,taaRB^yaanR jya^n lyinya kh pr 
nyiDD"3 kh px .rtaosn jya*^ "lymyn 
nyayttfyr 8 .nyayn jir lyayn in jyanmy 
.tyui^DRnys' ya^yiR *pyr Dayw nyanv 
DSanMnwapw jy^yn tyc:yo yana^iiya \m> 
myaan ynynDDSDDs yayt^yr g .jyiftm p« 
iv p*k ti jyavuya ways i«ii ,dhr »r 
-2R "^iy*R pa taanya p« jyDR^Day jypip 
ana oyn pa .dhid' ■"Hiy^R pa ,iyfc"ay»ip 

.p^s 
waTK "wan nyi tayu nya^m iga 
-yriyoRa rh pa aai&'Hya rh jya'Haya 

VWDW RH jyil ."USfrDTI PR jyaR^RIDDaRa 

r jy-i8,uya pir aawyniya ynya:R^i$8iiy-i 
~iya WW* &'» pw Tt jyo' brh ,Bage 
PR .lyjyjijya taaypya d»j t'^R lyaj^DRt 
■lyDRJ tyjjRayaiR in jyaRn onyDtj' y^y^a 
tyDRa y^^Dn rh nya^R ,?y:R^R-iBDjRDy-: 
.tyamRa yo>n rh tyiyosJ&ya v^nsirt ryasn 
-ya a^aya tyaRn Dai? y^^on «h pr pr 
.DiDinRV oyi tyaya lyni^yaonR iya:^p 
t»R drt tr ,iyj"D tD"»j iyiy? nyn nyaR ?rt 
rh .nioipD ynytaiR pr Rm .irirb pa r 
-Dyasna tyaatfpya lyaRn Dy i«n ,t>a^ ya^yr 
y^^ii r Diyii r aa.tBnjmoDa$yt rh tyjy^ ty» 
•ay-ip jnayD^nxiyn tt>o D^anya^R *iytoya^ 
"^»a« p« ytD^'pw .yDyn^Rinye pa jyv 



,D1>DDy~R DiTR tyo DRH IR1 ,^?BC4jn 

PR jyDyrya.BR ny pr -hr^ jya5srriina« 
j^r Dp^nya nn^R jy» drh nyna^j .yomtD 
rh pa DananR jnyoaiR ns^DsanyDRpy* 
DDRiDya pr D5,TBya drh ny drii .^v^rb 
Wn D>a jy» jyp dr- -- D>aa:yaya pr 
jib d^: ;drhd jib jyt^jyc jya^r DDiypy? 
yomD rh -iyaR drh ,q:»w oy r^i .ny^yv, 
drh "iy JWN yD'na r dh^r si'ir DR-y; 
jyDp-iRDB'iya r nn^R pa jyaRitsyaonnK 
-ir unyDina r f aany^ayn ywar, w*, iv dr- 
-ya yiyjR^Rnyn rh iv 0"nayay*WQ 

.aaiajni 
.P^a rtr jn^ drh yaiiD yws^ r^- 

R'Tl ^TR T'R D1DPDRJRS 1V1 TR ,DaRT jyo 

-ya^R dbr^p jyo nypnRD^ drii ;pu3B> ^ 
.oniR ny dtr? jypaia yiyoya r^R ,Qft»« 
,yonitD ytj"cn rh bptii f jyaRT jya jyp ,^ur 
dr*7 ,DayiD Dy ,siBD8PD»"n»na Dyn si-ir 
-nyao^a r ay^iv cya^R. Di^DDyiR jyc 
jir B"v yop\ya r br Dvn iy ;D , »a";ayD^ 
■jn nytDa^nya^R D"n r d^iir lynaRa a^a 

.nyaR^v^RT, 
*jn yoonnya y^y^a d>d jnyt^ya pr dr- 
b'o jyny^ya ^ir pr drt nyiyaR^^R*- 
".ynayis^nyaaiR nyanyn^ifi un .j'Diypy? 
t^r Daypo pr myoD^o yoay^ jib ^vw'tv 
.D^aaayaya irw jya^myiaR iRa .jynRiiya 
■jRa njn. pa ynny rh j^rdi^ nyn f n5iy»i ^Jn 
.aaiaynya nyu»TR nyv 
aaR? iiR^DRanyDRpy 1 J'-r r^R wwpy 1 ? 
f D^n r jyanvya drh DiTR .jyay^aiy-: ::■; 
•,v ,yDaRpya i* ,aaiaynya ny^n v R iyn iv 
-^11 iRa jyaR^DaR t>r ny pr ,»"pa^yntD 
irb ^. ,-\rw 1902 j^x wnvvyi t^r dri .r: 
.^rd jya^ny oyn nRaya jysRv, 
v» jyiiya jrt pr &"* yanmiD^ r 
pr "laia,, ayn jyt^Piv ^ibdrp isn .Ra^v, 
r?R DnypR^ayaapR drh aany^yn rh 
jyDipyaiRD jya^r D,y .nypiRDtJ' pr nypiRia^- 
ivi .jyDoynR jyoRa r jyaaiairr>in jyDRc 
•th y^nRiayay? rh r^ »im nyaR "naia,, 
-pRnyaaR vw n^R jy^ya^D^HR Day^a ,Rn 
.oanya in drh Dy .jnjno« jnyv brp yta 
?r» r«p in jyayp "taia,, pa jyDaynp rh :r 
-yasR jya^n Dy jyn jyt^yr .jyonyaD^K 0»a 
inyaR'vi!>Rny*i $w& nw jyiRiiya jyc^R^ 
.jyaai^oRnya ny»"ani« 



216 



tasjipix nh 



■*D"t h tia yaayaa^HR yaaRD BO'RViya brh 
-b^h h iv— b*tsbb> iiQ -iyaayv aiv tj^dkj ya 
vm x 4 bhr .brj ywna h pr exa jw 
_, hrih h pr i,yB*in y^N aaRmya jya bvn 
yapaywa^R rh tynRja b'^y^rb p© ,ayp 
tyaRn jarw&fipa rh pa "uwmyn 
-•- n?"i tans jyw& rh «a B^ya^ya t* 
-ya aia "wd^r ,aya"p .*bjmi kh px oy^a 
lytsSyaa^riR a>i »t iya$n ,tyaxnya y&agp 
tyapow Tt drh rtfna r .tyrx^yaa^HR p« 
rh pr BpmyaonR tt BRn sn ;|ye&i5 pr 
-r^pib yjypxi^iv rh pr ,iypHa y:pm*mR 
.lyaxnanyaaiR yaHiyna y^R ns ay^Bxa 
;yj'n wan-R yBBiRfiiyaBaa^y? rh ptfa 
-ya iv a>nya ,nyaaiB pr aaya jyay^ayj 
.nnRaya ya^aya jny ?yayaya 
.lynyryaanR btrbp rh brpi anayax 
tya^T jyDRj rh rww 1 ? "WHyaH^D r rpi 

•JR0t |1R typRTRP ,ty»Rn^8D B^B 1^115/3 51ft 

-ynr jyaa^pya nasaRaxa lyaRn ay .tyon^i 
-r>p rh aa^nya B»n oy ;tjnR&B> pr orr 
-pna rh nya^x twb ypYRTRp rh pa ^nys 
T* tya$n tyaxa yj>cr rh pr .-lya^ac 
-rh »t nya^aiR ty»j» yap-ia fya^pyjaR 
"Dn*iR B"paHayo ph B»nya ta^j -lyax rya 
rh pr "vnxa rh .tytnRT p& tt jya'Hiv 
*pir pn3B> .jytR?"iy*i a^a ay iya$n nya^D 
.tytR^ya tD"»a tir ty» drh anx ptr 
,~:yaR pr Wt R 8 tynyj pw t>r ay 

"JR B>a y^R ^T BRH PjPY8")BDJRDyT RH PR 

•bbhp rh *hr a-iRnya BRn fye .jy^Rftya 
-ya -\vj iv nyas jya^r »t n3to"3in yan 
cy Rm ^tr pR .tyoipyj b>j b^v -lyo^D^ 
-:rp iv »«w^jyo aw t^P wwi &) r>R 
"lyin^ajR rh fya^n .tytjaynp w*i innDiyv 
.jya^^vsR fS'¥8*iBM8iayn rh tyaR^ya 
-^anR y^n^R 30 pa yssn: p^R iyaR 
.BDiRiiyii 0^: ci^ya jytyn pa brh nyto 
■^nyjjiR jyaRH »"5 viiv vtsr\wof*i^Ka rh 
-jRoyn Rn pa aiRfl:8 ayi n^R onwtw a 1 "! 
ttaypya D^a ^t iys»sn »t tyii pr .rR^snbD 
rh p^r jyaR^ya »t jya^n lyoiRiny-i 
jnaya^n b>o .jyaaRaivaR !R ,, VRiDaaR»yn 
"lyniR^rnyiRORa *r£r*t„ ny^n^yaa^iR 
»t tyaRn ,(aawiyn> Baa^yT wn d»o lyiiy^jO 
•~y*T0Ra.8a aaa \ywn p* ^n tRHDya *nsii R 
--RO iv lyaaxayaaR pr tyaniRa rh ta^ypniya 
B^yaanyaDnR »t jya^t nyaR v^J .tyn 1 ^ 



-R^aya jyaRn ay irii ,ryaR.a ya^yr rat .yo 
y^'ii R ranyii ,tyan^a lywn rh anya 
rh pa ai^a rh a^» ttsngfiiyia a^n nyaye^- 
aya^p iyaR vpviw brt .tybiRnaoawDjn 
mwio rh ,D^nR "t jyayna jyaR .a^ a>a 
.a^iRay^Ria ly-iayaaDyp pa 
[R^VRiQBaRoyTtyaR.a nyaTia r cd 
nyto^aiR nya^ii rh aya^nanya ^t jyaRn 
,-inR^ 1902 pa 'R» tya-Bny ayn lyiya iv 
-ayn a^v ytj^an rh ^r: 5na« tyais ayn 
-lyaRa ya^nyn tynyrya rj.^ii pw bra aa^a 
a?RT.ya nyaR brh yry^n nyaR^VR-iaajRDyn 
.ynya^aap\ pr yiyayia r pn 
-^.Rft rh t^r aya^nanRa ^n brh ay 
rh pa iv)"* ,?8n iRa iRaRanyma ny-r ."v 
ryanpya tt brh ,trv pa na^na^a yaaany 
nya^n rh r^ii 'itr HRaa^a r iyaRo iv 
PR tyPR^Ra awx pa jy^a^ya nya^aiR 
"2 yaaxmya tyayaH.R.aR ,, VRa — jya^ian 
-»t a^n^aya ny brh — aawiynaaa^yr rh 
rh jyj"T ayoiRTRp rh pr .^n-ft tayn ya 
s ,v aiava ny a^nya jyaRa^ya ryaRi^Ra 
rh tr f a^nyviyi »t brh jyo Hanfo r 
jr iv iv Tt rya^-ia lyps^RS rh pr tynm 

-i^D RH DHR ly^lRH'RP RH HaRBB'ft^R 

-%\\yi a^yaRHya jya^n jyjnRj.Rja y^^nya 
^tya^-nv pa nyaHpyitJ' -iya"R r tyai?a .tin 
t^r TijanM^a r .aiRa^ pR bihipi^v jyaRn 
IRa na^BH pr aaia^^ny yana^nya r 
nnya ainyjya brh nDVi v^^w d'^rii 
m Vft r ty»jtiiyj rriRaya t>r s#p pn \im pr 
a^nya -\v t>r ay jya^yn ^ir ,i»Ss ny^H 
iv tya-R^ya brh iy .aaRaiHR ir D'yiiy^a 
•yi aR,n ny .ryaaRiaaaRayn rh wd"dw 
"lyanpyiB' »t "irb pn ayn brt tr ,boirii 
nyovp .a^a pa i^br lyanpyi^ — ay^R pa 
AVD\m a^a aaaiy pr ^i5a tytyn nyaR brh 
i^br t'R ,iy?yo{jnRB Baypya a^a vf brh tyo 
lyaRna^Riiya ya^yrR ^n ^rt 5r>ii irb r 

.ryan^ny 
tya^ny pa jrb nyn fyoipyaaR p« ay 
"jiwt yayanya pr fypRTRp ,tyaR-v>RB .»«d 
•lyB'n y^R pa tytR^ya tt tyaxn ?yiansn 
yiyny^nyft pn a^ya^yaanR «t brh jyo 
-Ra rh .ryapn yapiya pr jya^Rnya ,iyvy^a 
■law prj B^yanayii pr B^ya^i^ya tya«n. ryo 
lyiy 1 p« tyaynaa^R ^n ?ya;y>a ya^yn jyaR 
jyo awm ypaaR^a^ y-\y"i a^a lynya^anRS 



cnypjrt snv 



21' 



n£ B'jrBDya ,jyii taw B'rpBoyj ,iyvB 
ya^BtnnBtfa 8H .inn "ir^a p8 y.«j dx~ 

"8TU6P 8H 112 ,"V^8S 8H PS tJ»Pl*tM5-j*K 

-•r^ sm jyrn »t jB^y&Piv tt tya*fi \vv 
-ya^n s .nirvi wju»n "y ,, T pa [yi8iiya 
tsyDvbwMV fan w& B8n B3»3 "a myv 
•v B$n iy .B^nn 8 fyBJ8iBDJ8Byi 8H 
-y .lyoiyn wmmwhmp 8H b^o B^yvry; 
-iv D8U ,iyiymy2 pn Bpmy*D , >i8 B8n 

T18 I$tfBB'JMJ»nK |yj"T "H^T„ X 1 " 3y5 
tK ,tM$T)»Jljl T18 B8fT iy .jyBDHB yB^By 

■s|"H e&jni tx„ .yKynae? »t "iy Byu iya-i8B 
.irn yjyjiv-i'D wii mis ,r8^a tarn* rirDi^tsnv 
tynyi B^v.ya b*j -lymna b?8H tk fyn 
".5ypj"3TB^DP jam* wtfa ny^x 
ByttfBfiya ,B"^iy"B fyasn lyorD^ya 
.5811 182 t38n Byiiy-ny»8P ,?yp'8T8P lyaitfi 
\v&& ayi tyanDns Bay^a "uinBtfa ny- 
|y3"V nyn fysyay: p8 ty3^p^an8 ayi pa 
-;;jo fyD"D» r jyD"nw B8»i iy .iy:u8Bi¥Ji8 

8 .0>"VW KB^D*? KH BtfH P^8 *iy ,DKT 

e-*j p3L"- pk -y Bay5B n^B^ i»tiokiw 
-,y- Bay^2 ponss? fnyv *8J ;jjnjDjru»*n< 
jya Bgn Pixvv ms - ty^yii iy?>83iv on 
""OB> t'183 Tt tMS^B "iyj"8 3>18 .ryD^Btpya 
biT« jyn Bay^a !8*i riyannam* lyjyp jyo 
.jyD"Dt5> p8 fya"5pyiix iy*7 ( ym 
nsn y»8D ps lyrN-oy; ggn £»u 182 
-ijye> yryn b^b Jiiayiiya lyrn^ iy- pa 
p8 ftj^"Bya iy B8i jwasntM^Kiwa yBD3^ 
jjnyiMjit ,Diy£iyp in -11: d*j Baw&iya 
xrwwfl PB -^2 y3>5uirpw D8i .mtwa kh 
ty^i8 8H i^2 an^yta? jya8iBya Tt b*i 
.aaifo"iivnya jnyBDra 8 p« jy2ynBya P8 
iV" iy3>yii ,ynm DD2^yr pB 5rvfljH iy~ 
p« C33y5>yaa'i8, nBanjruiini 'its Dyn "1J13>, 
°its 8i "^ ,iyD8«3 lyo^aiK xwh^k k^ 
W'Wwyi p8 oyD^SL-ny-: Jkbiis P8 l" , ^v 

.ty-i8iiyj 
pa ijnm r BJ8 DB'in x ,_ i pa tjm»k 
D'?8ii l^a T8 wmyjow in B8n "uia,, 

"lyT'l^ 8 MBDW BiTK Pl^lK: D8J1 y'V-lpytpy 

"ijnwvp iyi i^bx 8^11 ,pmi"» ?y2^ 
-^yt nyn .v^MinMnyD t»h d^" p« -dutuh^jb 
w lyiiya nsna id^h ly^^i^nyi iya 
Iinyvi iv tyoniv ,n^n kh h»ik lyanststs' 
■'DB'ya njn"« .Dyp^v^^^i^a Vtsm 8 pa 
ijniya pk ^n^y: nyryn tw .txnjni is ivd 



;Dyp^i8in 8H p« >^8B 8»i pa tyi^nya 
-iv iyrn'tyoiNi38^T yaytsnya p« ?yp8T8P 
P8 |yin#B> rynuyj «t ta^n fyo P8 ,tycipy; 
-^2 s ,i n^o f iyop»a d^» ,tyDD"iB b^d t'rr'Dn 
.Dyp^8ri8J p8 Dyj 
—,y;:r lytJ'H^ 8 ,nyay-iB ?yan8a ny- 

"D^lIK B13 ~:8P p2 ^81 y:H82 8H £38n |80 

-8^iv ni8 -y p« oirn ya^"8 p8 .lyrs^ya 
-y; tya^n ixn' ,, ^P W"t D8~ ,ty~8iiya \yi 
nv i^nyn , i^ pn pB p8 i'nnyp ,| D»' wiwn 
iyD8^ayj oi52 D8n lya-.yp lyDynyoss 
p8 iy5»8ayj T'8 iy jyj8ii ps r^iuyo^ntDB' 
s ,v DiynyaB^8 wi r^8 iy B8n ,D28^Ji8 
"lyii8{J'nyn8»8c ^^si,, :iy , n^ 
;^8 pa .1^3 Dy3 ,, ^"iyn i, i^ & P8 D*n 
n^sn '38^ ijnwio iyj8t3^y: tyrn o^r 
.yriDayo r yDjya8iiy2 — DitDTnss ay~ pa 
-jw 30 to>n -lyB^iiv nyn pa jy^Dtnntai^a 
yryn "\$: .ni38?D ^ya y^n^s y»jyB8iiya 
ny^t pa ma iyoM*u oyi d^o f ni38?D ^ya 
-:8a 8H iy:y^ pi^ik lynnya avi^ Wi^^n 
-ya '»: p8 ,eiB»8P Qyi B28o ynyDD^B yv 
ii3 t» tvjvp "t aa8^8T ^'18 d»j D1T8 |ya 

|y^8B «t fy3811 f'B ,D'D 8H ?1' , 18 tyt3^8n 
T8^D181iy3 pjfD'nn'w P8 yD28^PlV r D»J 

.■ny njn 5ri8 
■ya p8 tyayn.B'ys jyi^t 58b ^y^ay^ii 
boo 8H tyi8nya jyanmy p8 UTtfy: ,iyaan 
-ya tfvQvvi in ?y28i yajjni nyawymao 
;b$bdsh tya^nya pB tyyoi8 yanyn 8H \y: c 
iyaaiTy2 p« lyByn^ys \yy" "8- ^y^m 
-aypiB ^- iyi8iiya tyanrny p8 Ban^yj 
B8fi iy ya^yn b^d r n?8an83 pa ryi^yr 
-y2 -,82 fi3B8P oyi ty^8B'8 p8 tyDijyj&^w 
-^ys w^x 30 yry- \vi ?y: ,, r iwwne 
-yi:i8iiya HBiyn -yr:-"* 8J^n pa ni38^B 
?ajnnjnya p8 aar, 

* * * 

kh pa ^tib >8 jyB B8i iya~8- *pik 
{yo nyD^o^ya iyB:8"iBDa8-y* yBi^BDyns 
yD'?y)'\ ,ry^ayc ya^B^i t»18 lycv^^ya B8>i 
-D:^yi 182 iyDijya:8 ^81 "v^82 »h 

.;yBa8iB 
B2y^ya-iyz'N |y38il B38J yr^-y-i" 8 

8 - Pin "V-^IJB P8 |yiB38*lBD3ijaDXn 8H 

p8 ys^iyanyp ^niD 1 ya^B>8iiya pa bdx: 
m zyi$ n^2 B'ri'ooya "t B$n \vd .ya^Ba^a 



218 



taajipix s"H 






"X "iy3X .IJWKIBipS Dy'JK DXT lyjyp TO TX ,BS 

ps iyaui» yaDyu sn px ,^nya'x p« lyo 
px a'nys ,iyiy3$>sV7$}iyl ,to lyaxn jyay*? 
nyTJix ixb ,;xnj?B nymx ixb tt a < ?yae'yju i 'x 
-ya a'O a"iyBajyy:i lyaxn to .ynnny^yo 

H^XIiyJl B'O .1J?J31JH"^3 SIMM jyjJlJPTH 

.lyBgnB-rtgnyj epix lyagna 

j'nn iynn pt< jyaai^B bo ijrayp to,, 
.xjtii px lyoipyjixa vx oxn ,oyi lyayn 
P'x t? bjxib lyrnyn ysHiny lyiaytne pa 
I"V3Ni :»n»j?j nyj"oy:6K 
nysaay in*x ayn xm hyanaix ye"Tx,, 
axn iri'K ?.»i:PTHya "lya^naytr lyryH *pix 
is aiynyjianx axn "itx tx ,]yryniya ju3*6 pie> 
B'O ; aayjp yjpaynaiya.siK jnnynne xh j»t 
irvx axn B"ri"is 1KB sieoxp lyjpnaio iy"X 
"ij? axn *in»« tk ,atyvi iyx:x:i iyn jytyniya 

y'lS ]1B jpaj^ X IS f IVaj?^ Dy"J X IS B3X11 

".lyjirva 

,"1XS JIB 0'JHfl NH 'jXO X 1X0 BS'X at""!!,, 

-"t a*B^»j3»^j lyaxianyanx bo ayn i.tx tx 
tx r m arm ;t'x lyayo ja^iagn yiinyw ij? 
anm ; ly^rpsyj yantwyo bus jyiwye am mjx 
ijtin lyrr'naiys is a^nya am irvx tx ,"? 
pa lyaxna-i^xn^ kh tix tx f yYviny«My£ 
lyiyaaay is a"iya irvx b»h lyiyviyixs xh 
".jyaxna-i'TKny; o»e 
jpjyj ]yr.y:s as'x T'2 nx "aixs ";;.-n„ 
as'x inx tt lpxtujy to ; ixiya iy^'BHXs 
"BDa^jr; xh lyjjrj ^yaiaossoxp x r-x ,ix"iya P 2 
bbii fytn ;xs ps axna yiTii xh lyax .^iBnyri 
yBDS'^pyitt xh onan yiyuix y^x "i cmx 
]y» lystyn .lysyiaiya xtx t>n dxt .^BDnajj? 
ijtfm vo px .lyj'nittnya a>: jbix c."i jj;p 
-xib lytr'TK ;ib ]yn'n xh px dxt r BJP'X"iya'x 
ay it yiby^'i i:xn x ]ya»»nsn« in ayn axnxay^ 
«u»T'^ya yj'a'jxiiy.i xh ixb jyony; ;*rxn 
:yDX^"iys ayn cy anx ]ix .lyina ya'n ;;-.^^ 
ysaxj xh iy^xs ay- 1 : ixt ,ans yaHts'jya ;ynyi: 
yj'n px nxs pa 3xp ]B'ix B^psHaixiTajxiys 

".a'Dityo yiTn 

■D^n nytyn k"»t\ f nyi ^^j tyjn^ tin 

,iyns^y: cnficnyB t^k sinanN ly^n^ta 

•ya t^x d^i .nyEnyjyasn iyi jyjy^'ny t"R 

.m y p y 5 i" - ' - ly 



"na ,nio^ x 1 "! lya^x lyo^ay; nyn&Ji's tt 
ly^jyo .nxnnafn xh iw ninitt »n r-;yn 
,sotib a'Btfartfap t2jy^y;y:i iyn^ii ya^yii 
-••a tyasn ,t:Da^y? Dssx^y cyn ,y;ixDXP 
■nn lynrp w«5p N.m ntx— t»"nw ^v^ 

.DJ^iiy: »t ,ya 
y^vipyrpy d'^kii ftje n© pma^K nyi 
ryt^np y^x p« nyyJmjNiW 8 tyny: r^x 
-im iT£x — amyp^ysya nxwwT^K nyn na 
ytnyttDrsnya p« ytsDiya^^nyn xh iy^ 
ly^^n lyDDixiiya x ,^D ,, nyp»xtDD .jy-^x 
Xfi"T J1S3 y:"« r« tanjnT^ Ay^yD^Dfi 1 !^ 
dxt dxv, ,-iyi^:^ ry^n^x x ?ya3i?"vny 
yB"on x Tix tyEnsinys axn ^tp 1 ^ 
x pn iv B3"ttws t)xn T'x T-xn .w oayip 
•y: iy axn ay^x pa nnyd j^^^a -yomj 
aiix jyrsnttst; xh .H3 , db' nxa tDiyta^v 
n^yo nyt^a .iyD"D» t^xjxdx: ]vo D^y^a 
lynax: .ly"!'^ ty^yii d»j dxi »t fyay^a 
■s^dmn nx ly^D^iDsx tt "t ty:y^s nyax 
,iyaxitoy; ^x» t^x otjn ay jyn px .tt ?ya 
Bijin .lya^DB'yj |yTX ayn ^px dxpi jyo dxt 
.a 1 px lya^xnyj^Hx thj T»r ny 
.■•ntiTiDXJ px nnxr. t^x ajnyT;" 1 ^ yryn 
^v nyt^anay: .x j« Tyo>x pa px tx ^yi 
-X-: axv ,|yjjnjn>Jiy ixa wjii .nnv 
pa iv vx jtcib'd mn^c -ixa bxp ^ma^ 
■yrpy xh ?ryjx^^y3apx w: lya^i^a w»t 
TVTiyj a.Tx "a iyax t^x jyo^DB' pa yvn 
:y^y^ tyaxn jy^n^ay^ yrn .ay^x pa iyn» 
^y*D pn ,ninia y^x o^o oypyDJiay: ay- 
jyay: tsxn ^,T»ay; ^nnna nnx iyjy;-ixz-ya 
^hpipi pn tk nxn .tDMniD^yaa^x ayi 
•yv, jyLHy; ,iM"y yoay-Tv, xh px iTax 
.tinuniiw rya^D^ya 
-:yv ny- tsxfl y-vnyrpy iy;yn ^: t-h; 
x jyrx^yaapnx "-jia,, pa ya^iaxp "iy?x~o 
xh co --: oaHjy ya^yp ^x^'xox^px^a 
H'yoiyp y-:y;?xa 

sisaxp px jyatpBysDniN iyj'^ to jyii 
lie rx--, ^Dixr.y; to lyaxn ,marHxv ]yiyz 
•x ,BDixTiyj jyaxn to ;jyanxmy is ]yzt<~ 
-nyn yjHJyBB> a'O pn anyriyB ayn Jiyn lyrj-x 
p,x lyjwjin ,Ta'D iix yoTa lyinx' yjjx^ tx ,iyj 
-xn i»o .jyn jytyn tix mx ]yaixmy ,»^yp 
bo T3ix a'pyitt' oybx -xt tx jytyniya pi» jya 



11 



nf7fl p« i«n 




tS^^gf 5 ^ 



jyay^ ojn pa :n:yn oyi «t 

n^-iya ny nyanyw njntpiN 

,|J?31T ivp^a ■? V n ■» n p« ps 

...n'teny; t^D lyMiNttxy: "? 



jyaKn ptyn ,y:yi cpK "p^a 

jyaxn p^nn ]vh& P s bkii 
..n^N 1 ? jyn «^ti ,]yDynya pw 



jyBn-it? "aa^rrnB,, ay jyp'a ,pj 
jVS'^p Tn dti« T T fyonj^'c 

■m^ o'pa mianp *rn 
Din«2 n ton ,taytPfentDD "pn p« 
: mnnpn n^a jyxJK; « ps 
!"rn^pynim t^Dto 1 ?^,^ aa^Tr, 



-lyn^n p« dt»ib jyjasnys p^ 

,«3 njTPYI PK BtyYI K"n p« 

•.■^•n-^yp nyaav "Kjn nmp'c 

-pr ninyp ~iy isv, -iy bbtbii blimps 
; mktjh ain nyi^ya ^i d^b 

nVDJ?2 pn pB .jym'J'B p« BK72 

....patma nyon n$n jx b'iot 
jyaiia ps tyn^n t;- 

....jyajnov p« jyaKn asyn 

,jya:iK "ny yri; k"h 

jV^JITVJ D1¥ BBTI IP? 

•...jyay? jy-iya^n p« 



,:ji?rp-ia ps us; -iyi amp "p^na 

- assryj Bin nyx-iyr; trn b^b 

iw anm T;n'ns pin ps 



; nn« atyn *m pn jpaai 1 ? 

,;j«Ty; ?ia pk anm yiyi 

din itnn niip'm^ ,-i$j *pK 

...panyj p« ni7?p yx-wnff 

btn7s ar^rvne ps rwm -ijn on 

f ;iinx njnyi pn a^sys pna 

,bdk-i p« a7iia Bnm pin p« 

....jn wiyfl "]i« D«n ,-p?B nyjyi 



,Bnyiimya W7 "pan jynn$p 
myinn jyBiia dkii bduji "vyayi 

aj^mfi D«n ,pyntrn*,?; lyayi 
sn^nw pip p« B8T783 pip auyna 

— "jiny: nyi |ynn p,£ p« 
..--(^b « "iw nr;;yr;2 nisi 



ny;:iB uynyri pa «i"i ?,ii« -•.?£ 

; nBnn -lyina yj'in ps u^z otn 

jya«n jjatyn ,y:y c|*»im ""-r 

....wj^nyfi Ti"iB"D;ii | ?ni"iB s— nt 



^ 




^BD-^anyjjja ijn 



mn tyBjnpsojrr?wiH|SD yopneD pa tyn""i 
",d ,|, >s y^,, sh .ijmynjs id k ly^aya *iy 
wt^n un pa Eans^yaKii yanmya kh 
y-.-PK tMy&yyj tajn r yDinwflwrr5wwjKJ 
,jf3Knsi nytyn nya^K woipDn k ikd iwm 
nyspit yoyns -iyK"DD^¥KD nyi pk pk 
"csnya jyts^iDO^^wx^D *pir ins wii ,»Mn 
,njna0 yc^wMjn pK DTyu&tya .tyjjtf 
lyzK-isspya Tyrtsayn y$* Mktib ytyn tnyn 

.BTBKayi PK 
-y-;y»ip nyi ?k ,Tfrlto inyt pk D«y 
D-yuatfp nytj"BO^N'x$D ly^sis^Knyt^K 
■ym ajn fyanKwya &yu DKnytDDios pk 
-ya pk jya^nnyayj "inyr k d^>k ^nuD"Jri 
■tjsoBP lyiKa-irpaan'miK IK d^k dtjptW 
lyttfonsK ton urryn &yii D*n nya$ ;5y&>n 
wyb&'hs pk MTT^ivfi^nfi yiwyw k'h 
-aymxiK wojyopyirc pk inyo Dijm onw 
■'- spi* ?ypjnt3im arpK ayii jya apK .tn 
pk b»tu lyD^wa^K *iy &yn ,oyruj*p ?yt 
»yn pk Djnajsp lyDoayj cyr «vik jpiyasft 
?yo dku nyamy is ?yaj8^ya iyan$B> is: 

.DPPK tMD I$D 5>$T 

-yjyaty nyr-a nynna no nyaajy jk pk 
pk P>n»D^snyjya ivi ixn ,tyw jyayay; 
lye^na 4? pa a$p ayi pa jyoipy^nK w: 
kh pa tjnjrnsr ,~wpmi ly^^D^K^Ka 
-? y ? i y 2. y 5 ria ryjinynsa 
Byt^naiBnya tya«n lytJDoisiK &: .d o a 
pK pinDD"?8iyjyj k tyayii, typiKiyj Din 
,oy typjyn yaass K,ni ,iyDK»-iyD"anK kh 
■: y d k 5 p nytjaiKBnya ~iyi txninjsT 
.t> d a ^ y t ?i a » k p 




ytP'tspsB kh KJMs»ii' 
■«t ya^yn ,iya«ia 
yovy? kh pk iy: 
-iKwyaa^K tmrwjn 
-jya^BB' DinspiK iy» 
n^ Dyuypna pK-pn 
pk. siaDKpjyoK^P pa 
-iyi^iDD^KD^SKP nyn 
«n pk ,DaK^ytyj 
-K'T ayn tyajni yannfi 

y^Drtiam i»n "p»nBD"$4nyjw„ lytajKjya 
okh t^vy 1 r^a .y»DyoJ8DynyD^K vi* PK 
-?K>V:KD kh pk ta?yn:^nya in\s jyo 
jyo jwiypw k K'li ,t,y,Tn y^^DK-iPKfiyi 
tiMK oyay si^ik kmi in^K n^K tDpipyj Q$n 
ay^ finK n^wyj oyn k ,Dyoypyn^iK ?k 
-ya nyB»>tDD^.K'SKD tjtp pa nyaiyp linanya 
-D'onsj'S ik >inK k^i ^Ka iyDDya pk ,&vm> 
nimo k>t jy?i"nya w oyayn'miya y^^ 
.lytme jru^aj^p-'i^n D'o lyc^anK .kh pa 
iKn k pi^ik i^aK iiTK iyo tD«n tD^oiyi lyas 
n.TK o$n two ,t3inypiya ^asi^yjaK tan 

.DpiKto^iya ik: 

PK umdo'DPUSo yoDjyD^anya kh D*ni 
lyDKiPKoyT^K^VKD yts-B^DpijnKntanK kh 
f p»Toor$inj«jrji k tywi lypjyi ^: jy^K* 
ofiiDB' ny ?k ,iyayjiv y^K »t iypo dkt, i-k: 
-:y:yna k pnyii pk DJKta dix nnyo p^k in 
-KJK^'Kinyta^K nyDaay: nyn jomi»"X yi 
p:k: in oyn djhmsp ly^^D^K^KD ny? 
-^•n wjj .c.tk dvd ly^Day^ya iytiD DDj-iy 
ij^yDB'B.inK opoyj dh^k ?yo »sn anjy? 

KH PK I^K ?^11 ,331JT1» - Dyj«b *iyi t|»1K 



13 



p^itsb ^Knyaya -ijn 



221 



-jn yDPia ins dxp px Dynaasp pa 5>«t 
lyr, ,ta8.nya D*n two ryaaiaaxn ynyasisi^sii 
tya^ayta-ps lytyi "rxia tae»&tpy; taxn fyo 

.p^ntaD-^xnyaya 
-*iy kh *ptk typiP ta^a 5xt ?yo xpi nyax 
yaxna »h tsnyp jyax^sxntaDaxoyn^xE ytata* 
-ayya t^a ny- ^ p"iOD">irBOW tyajrn 
DtenvEttuaiju v^rana no yatna yryn .taiyi 
UBiyn d y a y -an » x -irpx ^sa rynyp 
pa tynyryaax nxaxt f 5ytanr*ifip*p 8 d^x 
ps oapnaya jyiyu yatyn ^yta^c ynynax kh 
WW&'Utt nyn px ps *iBn«p-iyD8£p oyi 
px M-wimaDija sts .didp^wssd ay-r *va 
pa rya"^ ryp dv xpi «.kt yaana a t^a nxa 
-xna xh dxp ,ayn nyDPx tjn ,P^a tytatsny 
-^bdxp nny? « px p^ntaa^xnyaya ryayp y: 
-^sa-^tpssD yiy aapnnya^x *pp ,y&Ts 
a^pi px y": raxa 8 ^xa xn px ,ysxi3 yw 
.pnayta^oix ya^Da'p nytaaix yoT3ViM>nK 
-inx 1 inys 5aan n.e px xn m ,jyaxT \yv rye 
nnsiiya aSyetpya ta^nyis px »>n fyn ,ta?s 
taxn Dy ryp ,1903 px ry^ya pa yaxna is 
ptrma nyn »a tyo'nisopnx ta^ynaxnya T 1 * 
.&ay-io»tM5> ya"oya^>x axn ynx 
ya^tay n.8J taasoya jyo &xn rsn ta"? 
.tyaa^ya ta>a nsa. Tjrr»5 iya"? ya^yn ,ayasna 
,wp. &} px yaxna tn pa ic^y nyn nyax 
isntayaaps dxp ps taxn jyo dxp 
iy» djjsii tynjna^T .p'ntao-^riyaya- ayn ta»» 
1111 t y 1 n; 1 2 d m x taapnnya^x ryp 
"ix n y ta a y n x a rn p« on^s 
■nxoy^xna pa aaax^nsya xh nsa ta a a 1 p 
tyayp pxtaTtaxayn Dy taiyp ayn tyayn .taw 
-in ryryn px. tsn i,r n tiw "i 1 ^ fy^yv. nyi 

.^yp^ta 
* * * 

-ya s iv nya^N \ynyi td lyn^x n^a 
n« »"p^oj«Dwriw *n lyajyii. aa^asiD 
,pintaD-^ v nyaya ^ p& D^pa^ani y^tapsnfi 
*r\vn fyjo D^n ,jy?yDB' is taoys a^tapa pk 
p^n t>d ewi D^K&ajny 1 nyix pnwnitt 
.0*1^1 jytyn nytaaiK rynyD^nya 
px nip ?p , »noD-f'8iyaya » pk djjh 
"nyoaiK nynij aa^yo^a^ is rtnmya ^HDa' 1 *! 
"pnmfi iya i ?DEJ8iB'?yrya ny^ pa aaoyna 
» p« p»nbD s nyonyp ynynas d^» ;t«^v 
D^n «pi DP"ia ptn ,d^d nyDPia nnyr 
DD^n d^- .lynayofoiK nytaaix n^a ^n dt^5> 



wv'i tyoD^a-iNax kh rx r n»« ps ay 
-asiya ryty 1 " lyasaisaPK ytainy kh iy;; 
di^ lyj'^vs^ s H^taaya^K p« "iya^yv :~r 
-y~\i r^8 lyniT'a is ^^pa^-ayptapa iy- pa 
t'K ay iiyDD^sta^Np «"- o^ Dp'ntao jnyc 
p« ytaDyc'Ti kh easy 1 -xa rya^t "T tn* ,n»8 
-?8nyaya s* pa -y;ay-:x ytaa-aynya-L:-"- 
■«38ia pc 8 ny" p« jynyt "t S"ii f p»'noo 
-8Pyi"jy"i8Pn8a 8 "ina^t rtasrrta ~y~ y~:N; 
kh D^8Pya ytj^pa »»d jysn^ta^ is is'si^ 
-as iyi pa nya8 ;aaiam8 M5»dd^bb*skp 
y^a m f nD8 lya'a^n ta^a ay t-n ta^; -y- 
-rso 1 ^ ^^npaxia .jy^a^ya p« tyt3D i 7x , v,sr 
nyjiyruis yt>"n ya^yrx tya^r \w2mw p« •>• 
,tyDD>ai8a8 kh kpi P^iDa-^^yaya x ps 
1 1 a t ;y a a 1 - a y 1 1 a 8 V ta w n y «n \s 
-p 8 "i a n , a p^idd ^ .8 ~i y a y a x 
lynxny^ Msoya iya^i \ y p y 1 1 s y l- - ta 
-D , ax , 'av"pnta p« jytaxnpxoyi-^x^'xa pa 
a>Xii tao^x^sxa p , P taaprnya^K tx px f fyia 
iy tyn ^yta^-nsDSp fyryn lyaya tyiiya a-; 
r tw">tap8*ia 8 ixa jyo^xnya d.tx nija ta^-sn 
.jyixai-'aair x ikb 
■8a : 8 , sxaiyDa ,| x iyn ^x^ taxn ^^taaya^K 
p« pnxa ps oyiaiasP "ya v OD'->x i sxa -yp 
x *pik a-^sana px noaan pn jyayaya 18S9 
tx ^iD'tat^ya tasn ny nyc^a ,p»ntDD"$joyayj 
■»&yj ~iyiay^ y^x px ^t »»o lytasny ~t 
.ta^anx pa aa^yo^ax ix Tin inyp tany 
pa Dtftpya ny~ tapypsya fyi taxn Duni i>~ 
■5> x "1 y a y a x ta^a tyr, ,vy-y^? iy*;• , - 
iyo taxn ?a- x ta t » ■» x vis p^noo 
"X^xanyDa^x jytyn nn rx ,taaxnya l v : ;jn 
nyn ta^o jyo tayn aita _ op nyo^ans ;y>-: 
-y^xna jyon^paxanx ayn fjhiTB ryjyp ta^s 
ysaxa xh jyaya fiaoxP ayayax 18 is tas^xta 
aannxaiy sh ^^Ttasa ?aaia-ns ywzy 
jytaDxnintaay xh taiyna'ayaapx -r>xa tasn 
"Wwryoeny kh bx~ ,rytyp'ya taxr px 
iyayn aayDaayn nsa \yzyp ryax'sxnoaasc 
.oyD^xi^xa ya'nx'iay^xnapa pmopx a^8 
a^8 ta-'a aaiD^nya p»p tayoa lyaxn iyas 
t^x onxn) ^yta^D-^iaasp -ynyax^'i^xpy x 
wrw ny^xax'sxaiytaa^x nyryn ypsta 
-xpyj tjoww r^x nn:x" \v~y ta^o aita dp 
is tytaxayryi' sh pa ~\y:^n a^x -x: ; :>'" 
dxp ,01a rax.* n^ pa'nya Dy-aasr \vwi 
px la^iynya oxn Dy aanytaD^aya x ^se 



S12 



BSttplX S*H 



14 



ya-nya iinrrmvDMN nx pyiw nyn tin ,jutf 
.tyaanymxa y^Bxaw 
typi-Hbo ty^xf a-iy-p^i n:h nyax tyu 
tn? tinyayn x >ks "•» b"* "lyaSyt w pk 
-ya tywouawa 8 lis aaHrpBiann xh ins ""x 
pity Byii isn ,Pv>xa \yy:xi pa tyBDaia iv pyr 
D»e iinJ'taTye pn p"-ibd - 5mJW» lynn 
x ,_ .1 y ; : i -i y i n s a y w » b » 5 x a 
-^'Vbsa tin inn ry^yn dp"tddtpbbbd»d 
b-xo xtx .21x2 yt^BHxa x tyasii ypnnya 
px -ax^xrr px jjniyj pn p»n»D-5inMyj 
•y; qsDSP s tyaa-xayaax Bxn jyn ryii 4902 
-ay-pya re Bpyireya Bxn dsii ,ryTya x jya 
■>y7"K h pa yBay-rDaixrexpafcrvx NH tj/p 

.nyb"a-iN _ trraa 
"yann-ix -pin typ piHBn-^xnyaya x "ixa 
.?isbxp tyt^BH'Sa x tyvDt^ re jy-iyn jyan 
-xd xh p^HBD-^x-iya-ya n bxh 5xa xtx pw 
tj'Ufln 8 pa pyire ay- inn px yb 
"iye rm iya"t -yB^anx rh .u ' n 1 i d 
-as: ,tyb,b , ax'ar-Y'HB a^>x b'o tyvoynybj's 
-»ioyi ^x.rexD ny- pa ny-iyHaB^B a^>x pyn 
teiyaya yB»BHNa ya^/TX ."Bnxa ny^Bxnp 
px lyn^ya px iyBipya-ixa jy.vn dp^-idd 
yva px .1002 p.« ty-ryw px px 1903 
-ibdbp jyryn re tyaiaya in una Bxn y^ya 
yw'"oa , '>.xt3 i exp xh tyaanre re nix ,^>yB^B 
yr^ya^x ax" }ynn>areanx tyaanyny-i 
-etxp tytyn pa aiyirraax xh .bayib^btp 
.tyBDHxrexD jynya iH'VBNa tya"T 
-•* oJjrrMjn ay nxa tyii ,Banmya^x 
•r-inya px p'HbD-5>snyaya x tyanreannx 
ay px rx" .lyarnjrrwjffl y^BHxa b^b wn 
5>yreyac iw^t tyBonxrexa kh tx /wan 
->y-ix -lyaaynax a>x ayi px BTay-iyBa^xnya 
'M rx ,tyast re aHyarx rx ay .-\ymx d!>x 
-5>*nyaya ty^sxaxpy tx b^b tyTPbBflb^D 
tye ytsaynp yiyn ix ty^yits^ px p'ntSD 
•"] px lyts^aix jRM»5"ney3 »h jya^yniv 
»»a ay t3;;yn i^jnyiiy: njrsaji ;?ieoxp iy 
?^x yivDx^^rx h ?yaxn «t w: :vt pa ax 
■baunjrfi kh iy;x"ib »n tsn px p^ntsD xtx 
nyax iyii .'{yesta^itjn xh nxa D^pa^'D-ixii 
px o'«"Dyi^nx pk y:x"ia yr^DHxa » Tw 
\sn\a ix" .p^i^n-^xiyjya tjw^o^u** ix 

.r'X?3-*iaDXP t'^IX l»t tytSDHX^Xa XH' 

"i "vxa ,:y*y^x- -iyrx t , b«i p»t «t jyjyo 
o»»? -yi ps lya^na d s 3 ryix^ H« ^^ tyavp 



piHDD-^yaya nynx -lyj^ny^x tx tx ,xt^x 
y^x tyaxH' ynnnyaH-ptax:. i>ix tie px tsxn 
-anyiiyj x pa nnnon \vm n 1 ^ iy d 
i y *i y d y i 3 *v, r>x ^nx p^Htao jya^ 

.DiJD 

x fyp |ya3iayit3^ px typyn* yj»» ^»j 
tx ,nyt3"D$j$pyTn x i»t p^HDD-^xnyjyj 
ysj'^Hxa ta-o Jina^a-iya t^ -iy^>oxaspy 
.ny^'^DHxa ^y^yaa x p» tyaJHy-iixs 

■^anx, pa nixmya x iyn ,5y»a»»si msr 
miyaynjnx^ x td ?iaoxP x ts m:m -iyt3 
iy» Ban ,b"5rDB"sn« tia jnv-i^pnya -iyix 
.p'HBD-^xiy:y3 tyan vw oy jyo \m tixay 
ly iyax ,ny^^.jj3Spy ts t^x p>hbc xtx 
,yHBan] v x p^K r T ,- >b t"« fyonyannx jyp 
,tyDnya:x n^x^ .^xo x b^d yaHBy nn$ 
pynx ty^H .KpnybK pa Dnyn"iB> nh t# 
H'hb y^yii n:yn ,, x ayniv B^anx kh 
-^xnyayj x t^T Byii dxt .jjny-nxa wiv 
p» (^HJiy sinx piHBa-^Hywn) p>hbd 
ryri lyBaaxaj^x tix tyBDaHjnjniyj ayi 
x tia -ly^tj'-iyBJix \k d^x bixii lytyn tia 
inx tyii .HXBpyany-;^^ t^x p« p"^®o 
-soypB^B ty^yn (D-iy-i^j^iv) D-iyBXP nh 
BjyDXB ayi p« tyaxn p^s "t Snxnax ,tya 
.typ^HBa w "una tyB' ,, bD , a» , av-T»nb t^P 

X ,BBH ty» DN11 »I"T B"T "iy"T pD Dy Byii 

yamya lyaaix .p s s *i b d - y ^ b x a a ^ d 
-"n« inx tx .tyaynB ay \vv tjnajrbB^aiK 
-yn xh tyaxt tdn^> ,tyaxa jninan tia nyB 
-y^Bxa^n x pk tyByiBamx ty^sT ,mya 
"«t tya^iya n-iyn^atr xh tya£yn iv p^-ibd 
-^•xnyaya xtx Biyn t»"i .tyaany-nxa yny 
ny iyax ,nyB^na n« lyDy-ia r^N p'hbd 
-lya-'Ban ,-iyix ty^^saspy t» "t^ Bax"iB 
.lyBpxnxa ty^'Ba^ax^vH'HB x .Bastya 
B^n ?\3BXP ny^^Bxa^py nyny^ ,^^TBxa 
i^b -iyax .aaiBiHyay^^B^xa yapiya x ^nx 
tyayayn iv ^vyae 5xa ntx t y N in tyasn 
ycyBa'a^an^HB ny^x y«"nsa»Piy b?D 
-^yTX pa i^ax .tyaamyiBtJ' p« tyaany-nxa 
nax^ t^x tia nyB^a-ix xh \m ,y^ya ya 
yiy-iax p«, bp'hbd inn wta^ya tinyii 
-ya ^xb t^x B^a vw bx.i axi xni^ .iinM 1 ? 
ixa nxi px ,B"* -lyBvy? iy*i pk tyax-iB 
-xn-iyB^anx pa pmanx iya>Bani im $ 
naxn y^^bHxa x b ' a nyax .ByBHxi^ 



pi-ntac ?«-*;:*;; ^V" 



22M 



CO IJ/PH3KS XH fyP'BWJR lyW tO'-J T^K 

D'c ,&iy-iy:i iRa^x ,nytt"aix "yma-,, 
.z-yp'noD rh Ty;y:i lyntarnya ta>o ,aaypD 
^>re lyooya pn i^ax rs ,Rtfs BD"n Mp 
Pe -wanx yDD^c kh b^tiw ir^i 1 r tyii 
iy- p« MnytM? r rcbgzM* ^xj iyo ix?p /wa 
,p^idd st. nn ynoon^R -ly-iiyaynoya 
-pnxna *n lypya^aR \ y * 2 r a px iyax 
_-v y-iyajy^ x *mx 1RJ DisnaRTya ,t*»x 
.is? ya^ayoaix }x px d.ri 
■iip wpWiHTB rh D^a ?>rb ayi px 
-rj ,irj .jynya ntx ins ay px Diyayiaay? 
;i;y; &>a px B"aix iR^v-t^: rh ,t?tb 
.lynobnyK y^nnvaxna xh ixb jyny; 
-y; t^a iri urctftjii Diyaynaay^np xh iyax 
rh P£i yap\i sh jmji unrrEscnK a;yp 
fyaxn jfD^yn ,D")yaynaay5np y k m ; ^ y 2 
r ljrrJio»"»ioDpy tytt^aix iV BJKtejy m 
Wpivmtib xh px lyt^nnx xh 112 px 
•R5nfDnx dhstbjp in lyasn yaSjm ,ryaiRB 
s-Riaya bra ?yo drv> ,ty?np b^d tya^ jjn 
yum Tin nyray? yiyux px us^jjy 112 
-'"voxia xh iyj"T 'ByBHKT?RD"iyD"aiR 
.lyiRiiya BmHsixa n?x jynDDnrs jwm 
!r^Drnx Bnoya in brh aanyw xr rx 
■jy^ip son pa nyiynmw"* xh iya:m« p.x. 
.-iyajnaay?np xh »mo fye^t? iv \vvv 
px p'n»D"^8Ty3W 4 .*>jWDifMjtpy "lyryn 
-iyax rpHa^RBiy jyoRonyemya uniya xtfx 
I'jm rx .typyoBWHse in nyiip B>i px ay 
iw iv D5y»B>yj ryB^xn Dnyayiaaypnp xh 
in 'yB^Rii px lyaanmRB yonu px ya 
oy^^flDXP h lyB^xn ( iTK?b x pa oa-RTDay 
■iyi b^o p"ibd lyvaxa nyi irana Baypy; 
iy3X3i"X xtx ^inx ^nyay- iin pa ys^n 
-r ; y ^ i p sinx ly^np i#»»na xni ,aini 
-;yn rh o v o jyns^Dnx »t Jix t V a » e> 
.lytDRi^RD pun px iy»riD8» y^nyta^'o lie 
-y~ tx ,pn o>j 5>ya'nw \"P ixa jyp cy 
-;y?np xh jyn ,iyoipyj iwt oy d^rii is 
L^yD^y: r ?jpfi«?«a nix ,r,yttfxn Diyayu 
unynyj ty!?sT ty^io xh rx f ;jnjrnRa xh 
-yj^x yt^np x tmjni nx tR^x: iyi iv 
}vv .vi "iv D&isny: drh dri xni ,Dint3 
r^ya px ni5>RC p^p D3xay; w: tsi b5>rii 
-yajn nyn pa yiDR^a y»JXJ x 1 ^ px ,'H tD^tt 
■j'Rits px tyiRiiya ttfyuRnyaoix d^rii ajn 
o^Rii ;ya .'v^'w \yw-\z tv lya^'-DiRED 



rh px tyoyiDDnix jypa »t .Diypipjx d^x 

.taxnRDy^Ria pa lyDyiyorx 

^xny:y^ x lyjyii yaxia xh drh dust 

-3m nnyr r jypynv ywwfya D'd p^ido 

■rd lyii ,c^x2Jy^y , .»! ixa ajio^nya yrta 

•ya -x. lyayii lyn^xay- px tjrr»n tyoo^Rnv 

px DRV, ,;y3^yTx »t tyj^n p^nDD-^x~y: 

•r a Din Co tinjiaiyg ~iyr;^n lynx ininz 

.ax^xay^Rna pai *i a p r. p ly^'D 1 ? 

tyryn mx i^o jyamayj iy:n jyryn px 

-ya ri n^D jy^yn iyjn jytyn px px dirv. 

.y;xna rh jyoaxic 

* t- * 

wx tx ,i^ijyt5^nyaDD2^yT ?^x oy 
-^xiy:y; x jyayn rypjy- iv ir ir: aann jya 
yj'^vs^Rpy ypiRttt^ x lyaRn :ya tid ,p"ior 
-lycmix pa iRn^xT^xnR yt^^o^Rs px 
n»nfo p^p isna iyp lyoxn^RD mr — ox^r 
pa yyanx rh iyp oma xm ir; .fyi.Ta &: 
-qix yroxy xh -iyo3ix i«? Dxnxay^Ria 
?iy^inyin yt^BD^xt^axP xn iy:y: ty^yo" 1 
\yp Diy-zaayp Sjpb xm ."lytoiyn ynyux D 1 *: 
-omx "idirs yi'^BXipRayT^xn^RD x ,_ 
rh jyonyj in >mx ^rt xn iyn ,ty^ytM5' 
x lyanDmx px D^wfoiRiitWRiya run v." 

?P i nt3D^xny:y; 
sinx jn^jnr^ra tiyfitsiy tyjyp iv d\x 
is w: jyj"» i^d i^tbrj — ya-RiB iytyn 
a^xn dr"i ;yi ^ya^v px lyjaiaajn ?yay; 
■is RNwn oyi "a i^iyar) ixa:^R triy; 
nxn i^d iy^yn — ORnxDy^xna pa "TiRDt." 
-yayji iytj"DD'OR i, on--pntD x sjnx viz x tya 
x tub tya^ppcnx jy^yn i^o .p^t-dd-pri 
-jxie rh 1 pa p^-ioD _ ?Riyjyj oyi ^yBB^ia 
.1902 pR Tyaanajypnp v^v)^ 
■nyay-ujypnp y?x o^ fyrn ,DjyDrjny 
t^x ay tx ,D^n ^y"ly^y , .{yjiya »tt^«jir 
.ynDanrx pBJ"iw xtx wi ^anr'iRB ir: 
Ka^aywa vi wi inx ry^RT ay wtfyv ps 
D^nnyiy .~iyt)^aix ;mnnsn!j;is 
djr^i 1 yDDpixD^ px yoaya xn tx ,mR 
-lyo^anx y?x pa ? > r n x "vrj lypnjfv 
■xt jyTia p'hbd x pa ^xa px .ixa nyn px 
-tDiRB ayn \m iRn .nyvypfi rya^^anye c- 
y^^D^xB^axp rh ni ptr .D^anx n |yvyi 
rh jya>yn iv wn: .mjytD^* fy^n jyaaiTay" 
pa lytMU px oyiRBDRp px lyD^xpnax^ 
"BpxnDiRp trnn,, ryBix^yrRT pa px vyTy; 



224 



laanpix «h 



Li 



-pnsiB yiyn *tmb 5»n ,jytt"2ix is nnyo 
jn n 5 n txaynp t^bw "t tySyn t-yo 

•I y r » * n 2 

"?tnpi)M x imj Mm tk ,tt ttny&tnya ay 
HWtM? t^ jy^yn ,ryayiaanx S>*t p^noa 
Dnyeunys ay ;nmno y5»x *pix jyMna xn 
ry^>yn Dtjii yi'SP xh rx ,nyjpj"n tr; tt 
*.v tyan fyftm ,tyopninfi wa^pyns ryasn 
"3 tyaxn jyp nyn "lijtj .pany- tyTt^axia 

PX; MM Tjm pX RTD8B8T tyt3"S W»tD3"P| 

imb typna yiyayn p/rnxs is -umol" 
PM troD.^?»t3 ,, BBP rh ,t^ox; ?jmina 

.iy0^21X XH B'J 

na *naDnx ay- "a in. ,mt5x OD^ni axn 
P^m nyo^anM kh ly^yii p'noD-^M-iyiyj x 
anM pM jyaa^xo^xP mh x-v, ?yv^ nnyo 
sh py^imsanM v^iyo fcanrnya^x mm ay 
sMi r p™*ittD~58Twya x ^in lyDD^BtD'fi&P 
ixi j"K tt ay jjr>a fypown nojy yajtso 
;yno py^yn nynMoy^na kh tx ,nyan mm 
.t^yn nyi t^o "sjn ry^y^yty; -)yma 

.lyoiP 0^3 ixj oy iyp omi ■•itk nyas 
-an nx^ cy mm p^nDD-^xiyiy; x tyjyii fin 
axn ,P"1BD tM^jnjniW x lyayu x.ni nya'ts 
■ y m p x px jyiyn [yjimuM no ny 
piX lyasiaya jysJMJ px ny mm dojmt ,d n i 
■yi vim mm p'noD - ?M*iyjyj x .tyix^ya 
xh ^m ,:jx> tysy^" is T^yoJix nyan 
t^o tjw'D^nn "iy3 , T tx- -pr tayn nnyjyn 
jyu i^sx ,&axo -ly^nyD^^o nysj'MJ nyn 
T'anx |y';i"S tr: nxJ in jy^MT Diyp"*iBD «r 
ynyn px nwain o^nny^o^ ty^xt px bgs 

yiynx ijwjro vim xm ayn nya^x imj 
p^nttD"5'«nyjiy3 psajni yjxna ny- px fyopaia 
.Syp'WM jyi3"iix x pm fyvn to ry>yn 
•psnp -s 



<itm |y^np rypxn iv jyoMi^MD QP'W) mx 
tytDMn^MQ qvw) ?»o p^x laij nxn jyo xm 
nypys p2 o»« ny- px urns typ«a *v 
nypya y^y^ |yi»i .ncixiiya xn*, .dp^iod 
.rynxv.y; tyaijnayj nyr^i" xtx finx Dp^noo 
-yn jjnrayi nyn ris y^n xn \vwv> 
ry^yii i^o |yv, ,;yn^- ix lynxn imj T'O ;>" 
xh xm ,p^"itj.D - ^xnyjyj xw lyoaxiDys 
y^nnyn .^xs on^x in jy^yoe' jytiD^nxJx 
■yz:s px iy:-y: is yearn tjix nxa mx 
DMn ,op8a txnKao'ntMj'yai'iK oy- Dsxnt: 
"2x ta*>j fysjMJ px i.yn fyp p^noo p 1 ? d s c 
-i^x ps ^•'iis x px tM^pHMia xr ty5ytM? 
onyo2 ,, ;yi: fyrn mjni ^ny 1 xh .ynoon 
px fyooya cyn Drx p^noD-^xny^y: x ~X2 
y^vxo xn jya^na is ^yo 1 ^ fytDDoxtpmi 
ayn ix i^jnyny: jyDyjnya ^s^i^snyn 
o v o iv nyax -n up*p tyo lyii w 4, n nyn px 
-l^xp nxr x-n oaxntoya jyo px tyjnx ynx^P 
-yj ^m* ay nnyio djjii tx ,tyo Dnyr ,riai$a 
_i x pinoo-^xnyiyj x tyo^ns^nya is iy;:^ 
n y n y i i w r^x ,ux^ yoo^Drya x nya 
-Mia xn ly^yb^ivaM T^Pini pn ay ts-jni 
_, n ^xi2 ty-.y px Dxii ,ayn nyanx .iX'spn 
,D2ypa p,x nyc^anx ymn^xnx'to^ X" JW 
xn tym n«?5 tny px dxh ayn nyanx 
tM^pnsna yam; xh ixii .jynjyaya ysix: 
xn n^^x2 ixii px EtfypniDjy »»j nx: mm 
px -n nxa tyts^anx nyjnxnr^x ytsa^o 
tayn mix xm — n^aa' ytojynxJ v\V'' nxa 
lytyn px i i y ■> l a xn lyn^vrnx jyo 
rx jynrpaDnx iyo toyn nrx xm ^iuyiiya 
nyn>ya k»*t. jyiiytaciB jytx^ [y^Mt any^-xa 
_ X"iB ynyn iya^ipnxa »>i DiybDJ^'ni nyiM 
axu ,y^x n^ix xm »t f mnypnxa ?iyopn 
,ynoan^x"p^P "un px ^PDay^ya jyrn 
-lyii-ixn y^Hjyo^oDa^yT yoiMiyrst y^x 
a y n y d j^ x tx lyasn ixi iv^yin ,ny? 



^^C 




■IT 



jyay} p« afi^vaj^n 



225 



jjdj;*? jw DSNtr^yo^i 



•TiN-lN^S %! 7KT .n -II i" l£ 



- rr»a .?y»KP?$Ei PX TllDft?J *1JH' PX Dy^X 

pk >j\o»d» wa&ywn px »"njy»sp$KD 
nya in pa Dm* tyvmap — new "in 

XH PX UH9B8TIP JO'STeW KH PB JJIIWW 

-D:y pmay^a px ,tyj3iJ"Bny ya^nasj 
jytjoyo pb pnBDixnya Djn- px in ttfyp^i 
tDpmyaonK ly^ay* no fyaftm iwift nn 
d0r m ,rynm yto^x xh «a n/DCJiw dx 
okii px ,ryoxP^XB px ,T5fiW pk oy dsv. 
.wixonKfi pk tyn.sp5$s pk oy 
* * * 

p^a s Dyn nyayo p.K wds:^ijie 
B^ruyDsp^sa ,t>"p9'Stsyj "iyr niK ixnoy; 

"11B» RH — 7IWM Tin PB ySKO^H' PR 

jyt-tpw ijpenyoyiH ir oaxoy; Ban xn 
-ya irh pk new nyi pe ainyoiyrryfl xh 
«a wxtemsn px »"ruyosp5KE pa y*>nj 
ijnyeyjnya rh tk D^ny^yj &sn «n .ryt^yo 
ny'Di^B &in«; oyrmya px nox; nyn P'B 
-"any pr fwasyi-p xh bhbm »«rusiiDm3tK 
.lyrypiya osn km ps« new nyi pa jyjn; 
-rmya px B"n;yoxp^xa pa Piynaya nyn tx 
t^jyaycya ly-ry pa lyaynM? oyr nix van 
"ikb nyjyDKP^B px nyD.ya oy>x ryaRo ly 
x Tin tyay^ oyjy:i"x wn nxa ,p^k nr 
-immmoir y^onx KH' iv jjidxbiv ynyoya 
-ya un tk ,tyrypiya km &yn n^TJy Ain 
•tyiyi Tin pa dd«bb> y^xonxn pa *iyn; 
pa pk Bjajw'Hsnu ya^now pa »"p:pDyo 

-^tjoyo nyn px dpix oan o"p:rDyo^nyn 
Dsn odbbwdmi kh -inyo oxn .y^yyr nyr 
own /YtoKJ un pa nmc xh omxayjax; 
yiynxanya n<nx ttRjntMP nxn; km "\nyr2 
uns^yi pk "mh^p px njn*$p r^x ,iy^yry: 
-ton xh tx ,ty5fjyo ^a pneDixpya dxt 
xn ,ty:mj"t}ny ya^now fia e^prDyD 
-"1138J nn px aMo>tD^ jw^jsonsn yDma 



.1 



kh ly-iyeyjixa lytyjy (^^^^?^ 
xh n: b»j .nexJ ^I^S\ife 



PCS' 



ixb nt typia ya»a^i^ 
?«w ^ynjixii jhrpx 
t>x xn tx tyjyayn "t 
x pa Bprnns nyn 

-lya^oya "iyjy»xP^xa 
nix jimw ,dbx"ip 
-lyinxp x ift'K px tynyr nyp:^n^-iB kh 
-D-j* yjyo^yT x .tyoaynp pd pjsmsn jttms 
-^y;yaxnny *x ,nnyo pk jyaixe pa aaio 
.lyjvii'njny p N - ^nxrnx pa ajxnjyoKTiv 
wn iya?xny: ny» r K lya^n iyoyx3 
-ya tynynyapvya x wj^jm ny- rx jyv:x^a 
lyjjn px lyna- 1 - «t .nox: in nya^K nn 
?xp ^jio^^ -lyixaiyinxv, nyn pa nyo^x 
jytD^yn ynxa^nyv^ix xn jy^piv DnDD^Dpy 
nr lyo^iv 'n ;on ;ya^-t:yjiK nyn t^x 
njn lya^x iy;:xTy;a"^ px nyny^ yon px 
-yjy;p\N nyrjix pa D 1 ' , ^:^yt; , njn jyvn 
nt unym ya^yp ,my nytJix na — o^yr 
.tytsyjK^s px jnyDB' y^x ?yrn^ ^vjip ^T8 
ynn^x ,iiy^srri3 px nya y^x jyjynp "t na 
-lyoxp px n^ snn*.K ,ny~^ya px nynpyv, 
.in ryt^ByaDy^xE tyiyunya x oysy ry^xa 
enyaana px nr irmwa f aay5 dxp oy^x px 
pa ypy-> nyi^a nya^-!jyr,x iy- -.ytajix n* 
p^x px «t na epuw nr ooy^ ,iy^n- xh 
pa oyo^f'jya ,D^pvJXi "ly^^xcixn nyopn 
;y&n^ya rwwv y&^$Di$n pa Mmifppv 
.jya-xB yB»^8onsn pa ty^nx~t3L" x^ Tin 
-8c Byn d^d lyt^jyn oyn njft»»viya "i fix 
-i8n nya^D^yii^x wa"« px |ya^?; fyr\* 
■ryi- ny-:ixii x ,"iy:nyr x pk ay px ^jx- 

:;yap^ ny; 
ps a.y'px rx lyap^J oyn nxa ix: ~yax 
P'x nT D!?yvnxii jtFisqcntin v* "itixJ n*" 
tk ,pjxiy; in y^yyT iw^oyc ny n rx 



226 



usjipix kh 



18 



nm msmstyw ^n rsn^oivD^x m?r kmi 
Din pr ytaaynp ly^wKonsflOH kh tie aaip 
tt n#n dip — t y a y 5 tn^^iyo 
-uraartttfyi wna tbtt 5y^ bis cd^d^w 
pa utasa rh„ t»3 pn pR nRPWB>Dy» »5p 

\liWM3» ay-r 

rh taayp-iyaR nyt33-iy*ya nyoma nyryn 
-ya iy .iiasa -an p« aai^D^ ytJ»3R»nKn 
->T3n»j pis ryay^ Djrs pR i^aR nya* are 
jyoayip ,^jyo *im nn> f jyB»3yayB>ya mya 
pn w dw ty:^i^ ya?yn ,tyaai3"tny pk 
pa tyDyv^ns yaHDya «n d^d WDnMM-"* 
-"«my PR tWManp bd"pi dr-j ,jyay5 iyn 
n$3 .nyoonpy ny^r jynyn^ yapyn ,jy:3i3 
ttfyn kh yaw mtk dw v^row PR dttr 
ijn w\ .uwariswya Bnwnjrw «n pa 
»yn jj/ty.^o ay*t pa tyay* osn .p*5n .twyo 
lyrn rh ,tyDDpnRD&> as arrK DTDy-iys 
lytjnRB iv divr jyaynwn jy^ayD Dsn pa 
pk f tyay^> p»t jynytM? joSim .ly^ajrip kh 
oayayr sn tk ,iya"¥i*38 p« aaiaynDt? pn 
aim am [yraya jyp (yraR^a) DBK^ayDm 
]rojny»B>w rh un^mxD^R ?y?^D rh pk 
pk ftfaowcny y^wsmsnoH kh .tyaainp 
.wmvn ayn pa tyay^> nyn 

pus> tyasn »«mjni^a drh .opii ny 
?r-ikd jya^T ay tr jofcv&i ryaRWHyi wi 
-ayn oyn p« tytaay-ip yiayiyD^iv ya^TDRj 
,niy^ r ins tain" 5 ny ya^yu pa jyay^ Dayt? 
Dyi td lyaRtyya iRanyi »p»t3 tyaRn «? pk 
;"»&yvi yay\, r ps tyDRaya y5*o#n wwwn 
ijn p« »sn y^BRTR^a wn v* ,vi* »P*n ny 
ny ]Kj»3$i!rw?fi.DH rh bbkbskw twdw»b 
drh pr ?yay5 D'liy^yD nyi p« tyaawc 
nyi pa dbt^mmo w*i nns tyai^iya d.tk 
-D^o^Dys ayn p« ^t — pasiya tya^c3y» 
un p« si .aatfa^Tunya pa lanaas ty^^ 
^•woi^b pa D^pann -iy^^»rn -iya^a^ 
Kn ^3 m ,tw lyas bpmi ny .nu&gn pk 
-ya ryasn y^asrs^a w>i »w pk tK'a^yi 
— B'THHSiD iyn psi ijn- 1 ^ pk rynaiKii- e?"n 
pa tyvKia^ ya^yii. ,irr"^ pk tinaiwt kh 
"TB«3 ijn pa .aaiD'ts^-BW nya^^Ka nyn 
,t»a0 D'ry^ayo ayi pk yw^msneH nya^ 
yivto^Ks kh ,-iy D-iy^pny ,DBK^3yD 1 ^ wn 
-dh hh trp-noe' ya^rn BBK^yom Dayay? 
oyi pb !y33U"&ny pk tytsay-ip ye»aijSDi8PT 



pk ya^an^a kh- pa v&tfvi 'itk o-nn\ dkii 
n K a ■ o p y ", 1 * y a ,-iyBan wn pa ryaairya 
tsait ,b * * n 3 y d k p > k b t , ■» p » » 3 
vs nn v K pk taajtf dkii ey?K jyDSBis w ow 
iK3 ,iyay^ pa trraytwow jWDytDDW kh 
pa «m^ tya3K^ .tswru ayi pk .Diniyp^Ka 
in tyniyD^aay mi5p*hoiW iya^n^K3 *un 
ya^ni r rya3i3"eny pk jyn3yD^DiK vik 
-ivw "ly^wKo^Kn pa ^n tjh Bpaia tya^r 
yiaynyDK'iy^ kh pn iv ww ya^yii ,jii» 
jyaiSiB'ya i* jya 1 ^ ya^yii ,tyay^> p© tyaayip 
-HBK3 ~\]n pk ywso-iKnDH ynRa-iy-mKii k 

-^nyvaiK y3"T o»ta d'itq^i am pk 
-"113* taw bbkuwjw 1 ^ kh' jyp txmfae' ynKa 
kh sin« .tytDBynp sruynyiMPisf kh pi^k tyt 
.nwnjn m^ jyaaw^^y y^w^onKnoH^ 
nyi pk typ n3Kts^ya TjD^a» nyn >"ii 
aw jypxrDay dw ~nt3K3 lyniyDMK nyonna 
-ya ya>Bny3 kh dw pk D^pa^Dyopyiw kh 
-mi kh £"Yi ,vayt3Dnpy nn^K pa tyaaiaan 
y^ninjn "Wi bk^ pk t»w »D»n toas^yD 

KH DK11 1KB ^^ayaiVDMK ty^B^D KH DW 

.ty-i^cnpy \vttfm &* pk B5jni 
yanyay? pa M^pnioa? ny*i pk iya« 
-^yn pa y^yv^a nyt3iK win ryowyay^ys 
-raynpyiiv kh ww ,t& "Wjik pimk ,am 
-Dnpy pa jyaaiaanya ya^nya kh pk b^p 
-nraayay? kh bkh kt .*hk^p P3i&a nyta 
-3nya ytyn- .B^yD^ya BDya »m DBs^aiyD 
jyay^ ayn pa aaittfKmy kh tjya^n jyaau 
ny kh pk tpwyaytpya ny3^yv3^K iin pa 
ytDtjny kh .po ay3ya"R in^K psi aaiD^Kn 
kh. pisnniw Tvn taa^my Dnyii aaiaanya 
tyDayip y^K ?ik .aanyaana fvn v&'WGt 
lyo^B' ya^yn- ,*iit3K3 nyn p» jyaaw^^iy |w 
*y ^ Djn tia lyaaiaa^nya yaHDya kh wis 
y^asD-iK.n Dniya tya>n $ y < x-d 3 y 3 
D3yDDa^3yii ,p« tyaaia^^ny pk uweanp 
,nyas DiypiKB nyoKP^Ka tw .t^ii^hb 
11DK3 in p« tya3i3^^iy pk jyDajnp y^K 
1 1 \ iy > n r ya^yii ijn^ nri^n ya^yn 
-ya yamoya kh ta^o a a k ? P 3 ^ * k r * « 
-yDBnv ty3^t ,^y^D3yay^ nyn pa pi»n 
tya-^t «t itytSBinp yay»KP^Ka-tow pk snaur. 

f y D 3 y 1 P JIB^J!JD18ilDH KH 

.TI&83 iyn pK jyaaia^^iy fix 
,iy^» k^"t jyp'intsay iv pk lyaiy^ 1^ 



19 



jysjft |i« DflHtnytpn 



227 



?"Y yesminsB ypnKDt? jnrv8 d^d jvsiv pk 

a "ttP8& jnypiKtM? ""is* runt b»d np»p pk 

yj^ttvm kh td pit? ryj«t ya^yn nya8 ,-iyj 

pa ojyoy ytDayipyj »u pR yro^a ,*»«ii 

-^ptv pk, ynt&jftM &y»a ty^yo yDTp^Mw* 

jyD«m« kh »bb lyjyTiDDyn pa \yi"i ye 

,Dy^DK» k*t tik tyDpiKnyj ya^D^a pa 

yDa&nY-iyw pn D^pa^rniiK ya^nnyayj 

rv^sn osn ,?yajny»"«nya pk tyjrnrvDjy 

ihw'iuws tiK nn»5 pa d^ k pw&o nyn 

Xfrw yafatR inyuK na anjyrn &»■ pn* 

.lymyD "3 foasprwinniw nyi pr ,nw 

mfci "whm *iyi *m jjk^ ,?yv»u ?n« -up 

-i^i/a jH^ru dsi ajy^ "lyvjK* p« pk pk fix 

BT3"i ya^yii /^Kftrn yB>*BspDmp^o na 

r'aytwyo njn, pk D^an ^dk5d y'jiDK k>*i 

■a^nnyayj rh jy^n fyasrp'D *n .ryay5 

"t ?yj"i dsr v QW0D ayn pa na«is yDD 

■mi ivtDDy •■(»: p8 D'!» ay- pa yaRniR kh 

y»BBmnyee> .yjJK^ pa tyaRniK irh «t |yj 

-hkj oyr pe >iaiyj ayn pr -pi8 .ti»»vjp3tsnp 

-"iiD ryiRTRB tyjiMi ty^jyo m 3 srjrp-djjti 

yiw-Miv^ pa mm* 8 jyj"t yaftni ,ryf> 

•n« .jyisp iu iytwy» Din, n»*»na, p K nrn 

Dum y*ypB»p y*u^a 5w»i"5p D $-, » M ^^ 

y*v*msjn yanynD 8T8 fyawiy T* tD«n 

"ddj© Dan pvnytt KH' ^"n ,u»x "nyniK pk 

■■5tt»iB x pa w0e nyn r« ay tk ,D5yD^y: 

.D'B*on*sfB* pa — ainj'BWDjy nya 

.aajn an^T D»n iispwayia n$Dya$is 

xn jyjyn MwnKBas* p»? bdw5w -iy nsni 

"i.jni ruwftfla kh d>d tyjR'-iR ya^BMyia 

drtrbbk D'HifTMYiya p« jjnn8J nin^ nyo 

^yi nya>K yT»»mya ai:yj tjik tyayj iv idjm^ 

ps >:wdl" d>j Tin px DMna«Mj^jjajm 

".new iyniK 
* * * 

_•: iy>s: Dy iyD*p£*MjK »ni iya« 
njn- pa DMp^oyno kh pk tyjx^n^ «n |«! 

*w pd jya^^jyD ay- lyD^na^x pa \yy&: 
■ya nyttbtp^weuw tstm .jyo^P^ajix ^Tyo 
•ytaffiB yjyDSp^saiiR nyn k^i dpjib ,na 
■ysD 118 lyoay^y: xn^a jya«niKiya »"p 
~iy»t?' pk {jn.M^ im^^nviuiM me nyi ^y>v 
-"^jjis lyay^aynya^K ]vi"i 8^ vw .WW 
do? .man ypnjpntD jnyui« pa tyj8j~i8 ya 
fjm L-'-v n jvi-iy; r^K Dy T8 tyrymya t>8 



*h ryMByiDM.« nij tvp ?"^k km — tyay^ 

"»^wa8 ixwiyD pa tyr^ nn 8>iy ,n^o>o 

.lyiyjy^Pnya iy DjyeDj'M^ p K jya 

<m «1MR DnBT 1M t3?Ml3iif BMSTK p*» 

p8 ]yjny5» .Daroe'ny ny^MO yDD^Dt^ya 
oyi p& ty^J^M-^ny ,ynjyBB>w 8H- tycniss 
T8 ,typpian8 .DjyD^nv ;iyay^> D'2y^:yc 
tyoyDD^D jwj'^bsts^b p« ryas^^jn xn 
-8"ia^ Dsii iyn^^ nn DB8^yja8 d^j jyasn 
tyoBjnp pa y^8»")8nDH "in pa t dmt» jyv 
,?y^jy» djtt pa niD8J nyn p« j»aj"rBi P8 
-jytmi yjy^ ein« lyiM-paMx f ojyDm iw 
iv ijnn^a ryjyp ya^yii ,ryfo'» ya^Das^ 
D^an8 kh D8 .lyt^Jyo na ajny^Ty nyn 

1^83 TO lyftm D8T ?>1T8 XM1 /P8D iy DID 

•lynyi 
* * * 

pk kmi Dp:is ,ry^iyo pa jyay^ ayn pk 
ny 8H jyjMi ,nrn ynjn:8 pa ?yayf> ay- 
yunrDa^in rh ^nysana 8h pk aivmsu 
iyp ly^jyo ayn pa iyay^ dkt .nycanpy p£ 
?yii niB'oo « jyasn p8 tynytowa iw m: 
ty:"t yDnannya-Dann «iw y"»jn »n 
oyn pe -11D8J ikh nm .D^any jHjyDB'^a 
pk c^8^8n riDKa tyiiya d^kii ly^jyc 
ryDay-ip y^K ,yi Dan ,tyD^8ii ,iyD8P^8e 
,nayj p*t fie ijny^j y^K ,nysnyp p»i n^ 
ny ~iyi p« ?vno« Dony: dkii I8i"i8 *wiv 
•w:vn ayi pe ajnyaans njn p« p8 aanny: 
ptk p»t DMmya^TDKJ DenK-tya pd nya*5 
•ny lyanjyDK'^Ka iyn iv DDKByiw myjip 
,tyay^ pa lyDyvtna-DBnn yryn pa mi^b 
tyDD^DDr; t' p i , i8 jynjm D^e-iy iy^»t mi t& 
DMpa^pT-n ~iyn p8 nyas -iai8 jyDoya pk 
DM-n lyijny^ kmi ^its w: ~i8J wyo KH t'n 
.ryDBK^^yoMi pk niTpn dw tn^K oy 
njn D8ii ,an pe anaynyn d>:. puy 
-)8n d^d Dpynya t>k nyanyp -lya^yo 
nKe r niaK yn8n y*iyt:i8 pe rww k — 
.tynyj yfom inyr ^pkd pk dkt lya^ini 
,Dxn om \mw niJ oy iMiM-ia tjik nya8 
yiyDyia kh pk 33-nrrymy yiyoya kh dkii 
pw -.DiyDti'y; Dnxnt' tann ijn fis o»*pj»n 
^md yvaxa D8T' D8ii ,Dyt pe anjjnjn d^; 
•y> pe nL"iT 8 pk tytsoye oyi ^2 p'Y d'd 
km jyii ,npn nyi psi ijkd^w tin^Mi ay: 
■hk: vvnxn pk jrrwn o^o tDnnsyjssw tt o«n 
jyoMi Dnnya dkh m? ya^yii .ry^D^o-Dsan 



228 



tajMlplX KH 



20 



% pann tymx iyn px ,*iyBi» x jjnyn TVJ 
ycaainya 8wwMjt5uspfi yDmya tyfrra w 
etfypniaay in tup ny lyinx /umno 5jpd 
-ym ^aiffi xm .twiye ayayapxiny ayi iv 
imi ,tyto^njn^Tiiyj yaH-iys? 5smd *w> ,ryPHa 
-"Bny yryn lyaas px fyr^ tyviyw 5y^a 
■^jfjjiB ayn px TJ osa pnx fyaxiB ij/imj 

ityaatf tya 
ay 0»38Bixm\x xni ,iyaynBDyi pa 
7$ ,tyBaynp a;yay5 y^x xh pn do jy^t 
in nro5«n px fyay^ >n ;b«W3» ixi ?ya 
in D'pm oy .rnma yfc d*b tyaiy>> ayi tx 
.lyaatf px jyay? px ryay5 ptibw n?« ayay 
v boikh btptww ayi in jyiy^piy "va 
iy- tx ,jyany$ Tp wpi ,ayi nn tyay^ 
aaw^smiy xh t»«n ax'i ,ayHD-Dayaiyf? 
,1*d ayi tie aaiB^xrny xh px tyay5 carr. pa 
-y> pa lyxyryaniDBa yt»PHM»> k.h ?w«t 
ayftx Banxiya x~ rTt D3H ,pw Bftjm .tya 
ddih ,pw tv&ftjm ,wrvMgyi*rt px ty^pB^ 
;yayHB-Dayay5 yoma »iw xh bx ,TT 
,*n mx ipa "iw .'isespfriMJ pn GthKtBa 
yBD3Hpy-it" xn i»i2 iwayj .nnyoix Km 
-ax in ryftyn to .:ji»*d» b^j pa tya^xa 

ly^nionx ?y;yp mm ynyaHsrvai y5x 
■?s jyiyiairya x tyaxn »t .aannxa ynyn 
.jyoy iy 11 ? anx fypyw «t .nnjn Dpa^oo 
px Dxn ,dxi Dnx t»a»?p px Dy rypy^ «j 
px aaiD^xmy t&"? 7>a inwi D^a ttM du 
jym^Kfi tyaxn iv Brnr &>ayr> iyn .tyay? 
■D«nn»a wn iy^nyn iv b"wpw» ytyn 
-yo^ i^n ?yp pK ?ypy^ tw typ ^y .iw»m»' 

dd^v, iy ,n.n x .aya x o^t-q iy - ryp 
bz&w P'K D»)in px dij :>x cx^i ^^ nyax 
-y ty-^o ,tya^ p»t pa ajit^xmy ijn tb 
inn aaywj pe ^nx^iD^x oyn nDxoya oxn 
-ya ny^nto bxh ny -lya^mi nxa r j3innxsny 
"WttD ti'X yt:iyi3in t^o ^ »a» ,o>nxv 
-nxEiy xh pw Btjn. iy tx px .Djyay^ yn 
.^nxp^x tt^ta t^j Tt nsr tjytaa^nya ?nn 
-".n dxii .d^3«o -yiinjij?. d>d ,nrax o^d 
dh:x lytaoxP px ai; nix d^x d.tx in jyt 
pn dxi px hff^no Y iT8 tyayiiBDyi pa 
pn d » } BCD » oy ?"ii ,ixaiyn y?« 
-yj xh 1 tco aninxJ pa BaxnPD^nxiioMx 
.ajiB^xmy-D^yay'' pn pa ty^^Jnya wfle 
,-ibx: p.n px y>xon«n xh p« wnxv, 



pix px i.ynyj jycn nytaay^y; "ins «."- 
rx*i D»t .tywvi ryriyay? p^x t'x ,txnya 
-5»a ^y^s xm dd^ii iy*n jyDx^s^ya tyi"T 
■aif9»w xh Tt jyaxn ixn »"i .tinw fiyj'X 1 
"DT tyi .B^^flByj iyn:x:xa jyvixji px iye 
-ynta yjya^x t 1 ^ px ".ay; ayiyj^x p** axn 
px nay; DywK "iiTX nap: xn px uwu 
tyjy^BDyii pa ,B«w , iMKTtt viv^x vox 
nyn px axo iiKr»03"r» t^a ixa lya^^anya 
jyaxnx ya^Bay^yj "T pa jy-y 1 pa 'iayj 
,1^1^x3 .Bay^y; tyB^yry;jy;y; cy^ pa 
,&>} tjnfow p»P lyjans ya^yix lyj^na 
px lyc^nwxnp pa yaxnix ix ~x: fy^n ••• 

px i^ax .oy^x 0^3 ax~ nx ix~ P ; x 
ma nyBjny; x pa ;yay^ lyrDyo^yT ayn 
bij jyjyp ya^yvi ,tyjui>"Bnj; ly^xixa ivr"' 
-xaixn px y^x^iv^: -xa ijnmi ByBatriDya 
nyn »*e nyaiy^ nyi pa ly^y^v xh b"d y^': 
L-^yayrya nyn pa lyny? ay- pa mto^tw 
in 5xt Ba.xr3yO'nrcjyay? x^- xni .xa-: 
Djjn iyiny^piy b>: ix~ xn jyp ^yr^yaB': 
tynna "a Bi^a pa Bm^nya fwcyo^an 
wi^MBny yr^^x^^xn px y?x^~x: 8 a^'X 
-y^ jyBjny; v^« pa iws^annya xh b*c 
in ^xi Baxti , ;yc , v, xn xm .*^;NL:'J••v■ l ^:;•: 
"Hi B"»3 tyayiiBDn pa xn iyp ,|yn ,, :>i -': 
,?yi^ s px fymyD'B' yny"PB»>m x ,_ ;;•".-;■-- 
-1X3 x Dv>8 ^yBiiaya xh w^ya ya^jm 
■y^ ay~ px aaii^tyiy y^ M 3XBixn px y^xc 

.ma isn r^ fya 
•yoyvxia y;nxi xh Ba'^an^a :yc |yr 
yiya^yiy^j is a fyaaij'^B'iy yanany b 1 ^ 
\V2"i \vw&te n a *x ,Dnix m Dr'v r nv.n 
-py pa Bmejnp yan>vB8J ya^y^x x- 
?ya ,^3X»nxn -yr;yn 5^a yixi; payoon 
jib yDoaiHya xh d 1 ^ aax^PJiX px iyany 
yiyanyiya: ixH ^3 — n T "a xm fiyay^ Din 
na naya jyaH-ya^yp ay- px H"ax .nnn 
yaH'nawB yiiym ry:xixa b».»t iytj'ayci 
-•'X tyanBtr niv dws rn< ay tx ,jyaaia ,,, .BHiy 
-ama in dxii txnwB' lyiynyaaix nin iya 
-$mxn wi ww> ixji pw Biyi iyn ;fy; 
jftxDisa px ya^Bna xh b^b ;w&w iyvr>.2 
dxi iBa^my ntx .tya^yr ay- pa jyoiyvxis 
xh B^myaHTBx: — ' , y" ,, ^ Din -- n ^'" 
Hjyanyp "in^x ny-^x ixa ma x pa yaiar 
-yp iv B^ypmBay a-iaya m bxh nay; nya^ 






jvay? flKtawwayD^Yi 



22H 



">tf"iy vt JVo nxp^^Dyo px .maa^-iyE 
aii^nxa pn jib ^\td djh ryDy^ « rya 
ry^mmx ?y^xr to »ro; f .nytnjm .xn t^o 
ts ,tr: ^ya^iiv t n P rni ,ryDpxa xn pa 
-j$p) tidxj ya^jyia xn dsvi Dyn yune 
•xp5>xe iUDDn^n 0vn p« nx (i^^id^d 
-imx px -iyax to ijwsyj ,iya«fny px ?ye 
?yr jyo tx ,tysny»«j> px fin "5 5y^B 'irx 
,ta?'5a nyjy 1 w no"5jw wnwwv rh 
■wdm** ya^y^x ynn>x Tin twi dxh 
ivayj im towns ,dx^b dis ryinvyj jyta 

".TX^DDXO TPTHJ ttf.»B PX 38 iy»"18*7 
* * * 

■iTjr^w nyt^Dri Tjrtpna nyi twpi ntx 
lya^; ryttfx Din isnttya ^ypxt." x nyta 
-xmxn ny- px px E>"ruyDXP$xs iyi px 
-vy osn nix ,7ittxa ijn pa aai»>BB> thp*j 
-iw ribyay yaSttni ,fynp'XE DBsnayaD^ns 
IttUti'nsnp px jyawtHtfitt is tya^x yiyt 
ryDD^OK'ya 8 ps nmyn oijnjyy: jyno oijFn 

.ayn fy-iyan pm 
"i trpana ay ly'asn fyaso^yn xh 
dxh ay »«n m\ ,tynyr jy^yyi to — fxnto 
dp »»n y^sxTX^a **i ,tyayayai"x «t tt 
*y ps -rjyn xn px ,&**« px .brani vw 
— DDB^yD^v, an Dy war* .usp^Dyo 
K*n ,55nw« imax fx px ,iynyr tySyu to 
jb*5twwtfB .inyw yryn flyt"? fyp xn 

jtur* 



-y> jya^aynya p»t pa aaittfsmy nyn px 

?po ayn pa aait^xnny ny^ px px rya 
Pim« ^t» Tt \w$ tytyaye ,tt D3xn 
^ayay^ya p*p rw ,&a"K> ny .nma'p ay^iv 
xni ,nn jyaav nyn ijrajni ^tk n^j tontjT 
td Kni p^t: D'»ii ^itx ^^"i p« ,^:y» *iyn 
,tyt3"x y»5« *o- p« ry::m pn» tyjyp 
-onsanyjiK fyajjn ty^jyo rx ,n>e ly-^ajw 
,n j 1 j '-» p ;y n y ^ m id y to ^ i a y j t»5 
tyt3B^:nyB p« fytsa^iya tyjy^a dwtd tk 
ynyn pk tDBina «h a^ta Rtt^tM^n t^b ^$: 
■B'jyo nyn dd^p oy d*jm njn r^nts r nya"5 
yBvanajsalK \w ojyay^ yj^nyxjiK ta^n 
,B3«i5f Dy ,Bnyp*iKB .is»'-»nwnp P» tin n - 
,Vi iy s P , v l D:y iyK?jy» kh inyo d$ii tn 
yaaiDi" ynyiyn x fya^my »t nnyo d»v. 
jytD^niy «t jy^n m>^ y^s tyay^ pa 
»»a D-iyn -yaKiw r^x ,pa Dyjy^'s nyn 
?yrup iv iTjjrjjAp yya^n iv ^:ixm nxn »m 
.in tyjjv Dyn ike 

.tyay^ ivw\» pk 'r* "iyn pa an^'Hoiy n« 
pa ^nBK'njr.ni tya^pyiL" Din t*H lya* 
■auinya «n wo mJpnwai pik tonr-isE 
"^B>:yn ayn jyD^my iv amnio ayi pB ty; 
»^b lytBTiwEnitDSJ y^j^N jynyr ,pd rya 
-a^iya nya^K>jy» nn iia ^^ramw sn 
pa nnyo inyn kh d^ jntj' t^n sn .wib 

ly'DI^B PS ~ISJ f 3J1D'tMJ'"tD»3 "iy38B3 M K ?8 




.mw y«: "nx "|«: 



ryj 1 ^ "T .Dv5>yviya ps dvj^kikp iyay; 
isn .nvnsn xni ^itn nyDD^B nyi p« inK 
ytn pa d^ii two osri Dy^s oy ph y^^v, 
-«hb t« ,iyj"ifD'nK in tayii Dy a^K .nnio 1 
,DB»ray3 niyD ]"p dsh ^ViiypD«a nsDya 
-yD8,nyj^:^K p« lyiaK'ny nyi pM ny oyn 
.Doyoy^y t's apyntajy dkh dkii ny:«pn 



_, r,N pa -sDyEKia ,^r.iypDxa r^nsco 
dsh ,xj"5insp-nD*i$J »"Od pfi Dyomyv, 
_, q x «inK DDxoyj ujspya >n».x 8 iitovyS 
-^ytyi lyi^Dya nyjjjpnjteis iyn na j:^ 
■inyt3Jix ins 1 inyv ^«3 px an'K rx ,Daxt" 
Viw typynoiy iv jyai^yj Dya*ha px !y:jn 
-ya tyoxj x axn iy ya^yn ,iyD:yoy^y y"j 



230 



tDBJipix kh 



82 



DIDP^XKD |1K SOKD 



\ywim wra^yr Din iik dm: 8 pk lyt^jyo 

jrr"3 — nat? jytamBK ta>a ikb jya^taBnyB 
d^H' *itk 5"11 r «^5«rujao v$s tW"T Btttfio 
kh tw*t pk jypayi *itk .lytaKaya »sa 

kh pa tinBiiya bopptom pk "-lyas^ 

;*w5k*ik» TB fysKTK^B yw^n ytaDy^a 
PK tyBKtK^fi lis t^k »"iyBs5pB> yaftynyH 
tb iinKiiya taaypnyas iyta"* rwsysw 

.ytaa^ya nyi p« dpkb lya^naytr s 
pk yaTP *w>n*n ijn pa aaipTH kh 
-iy-r ik mwproww nan tans ,*iyta^yta>» 
.^>8"i8» pa ?ytD38D BiytaaiK pun pk jnrsr 
-ya tartaDiytaBTB rjyaBn ynynas pk nyntatf 
k pa aHiynyatpriK tik ^hbd yryn tyj 
.BpaisniKtsB' ry^KnKtt 
ta^pa^iinna pk D«ro«5a ,d"thb 
■vytatny njn p« unBiiya taiyiBBya pk 
pa jyiBB Pq*ik iB^tfBiiyi lyt^piyaB-ra 
kh ta«n- irnjta jya^yt dip tik pk ^bibo 
-ayi n pa ik: tan ayp n tapsnyi yi'os? a 
jnmK pa ryijrutfT ,i^xi?ifiijn iyn ps nya 
.*tj>hb pk nyaBD,yp-)8B 
y^K fyaftni spin ,ixn83 iy~i t>k ^k*ik» 
-taay tya«n EfurMimn* 1 t,yni9 pa fy^taiKS 
tik pk 5b*i8» ,iyn-Kyno yiy"t ta^ypm 
tyaftni nyoaiK .b.pjibtjkdk' pk Broja lin 
ly^^DD^KKay P*t DTpDKOTKa raiK pa njnar 
iin D"X nya^yr nyn pk pk ,tyay5 tanK 
■Til kh ty^DyD td tya^yn ta^n ,38tats>D8fi 
-ta*e jnyraiK pa D«w»5nnuf pk tampan 

.jy^aye 
5bt k»t «m? .oyDD^-D OT5»bbtb^b w 
an Doyjiya ,y-iy-!38 tia tinytnya P't tan 
.^KiKtt iyjjni aawna ~itk tyJKfivonnK tan 
pnyii ^HBiytan k www i* tytatyt pk oy 
■urn* -iyan*m mnnya \"i tan 5bt oy isn 

.{yay^> pa d«t ytrH8iB» kh invfc 
t&usn tk lyaKT tan to iy^ii Din- o^o 
tya^^:y» p« ikdpkb nyj^^^K nyn pk 
*kikd tk ,jy3Kr o^ t» ry^ii tik .ryaipi? 
■83 lya^^iyo pk SToya nyoi^DSK ik pk 




tyaK? y^a mn \vw\\ 

y^K^ k ty^y^BK' o«ni 

iyay^ jya^jwyD l r K 

?jn8o kh DnnyaiKa 

\kh\\ .VK^b lya^am k 

"Ko PB siynaya ijn 

--ya pn &: fyi ^kt 

"yr.BDjn pa ,\nw 

ryD^pa^Dynta yiyra^K y>K tt tc fy-,*DD ?y; 

-yDiHp-^K^KD iyDma p'K nycaiK ry^ytaB' iv 

KH T31K "3 B»mr3W ^8T fJflD fiPT >QV1 
38 TJ1K TT BftHM* ?8T ,noaon yr>^Kl8» 

PK y^^fr raiK Ta fynya pk dkii ,Dy?.8 pe 
.Tysiyp nyopD k kmi inyo o^a ,iyno 
.not?: 8 trr« s\ij s KM1 
-ya tya"? ^K"i8» Pfl iy»8a nin lyDaVK 
kh iKHDya ijnim ay P8 tyi8nya (khd 
nyoiiK .yDa^^ya nyi p« Bow yDDaniayr 
y^a BynayaBMK tik njni ty»8a rya^yrnin 
-""ib .yay^-jy^ayD pb jyyTK invoinaarifi 
8 183 sntsnya \vk) .t:^na>^a pk d'h 
,tt tamo iaiK dhk dv>i tDDany ik^d pip 
td D811 Dy^8 T8 ,taa^vnya^K tihjrn ^v dik 
-inyo typyiya iv tt n^o t;yn*f.tac ,;yme 
-as» yiB^^Kiso yoniya d>d "ura»yni -«nv 
kmi ,ryaanyain b#k pb jyvyrya y?K jy^ta 
»t kmi pk pn ta>a jy^BT "T finy^enyfl 
8 pa tyoyiyDa^ kh fyayn tan iy^8f 
tyayiiDDin pa ,tyD^p iyi8 d8^p fya^iya 
nytao'Tpy iyn ryaH'HDiya iv iyn oait 
y^8n8» yDniya n^» D^paHayntanai pk 
y^ya^vn^BB y?8 tya>^3 dkt .ryaaiajnov 
-yayn kh tyaya fyasoyp ya^jni ,ty"»TKB 
*in jyay^ pk fjn,T23"K ry^n pk mm 
ty^^KiKo 8 pb d^hk tik fynya ,iynn«a 

.tapaiB^Ktay* 
taDya iK^^yi pk -yyayo ya'3>i?a ><a 
-Hyn kh ty^Biy w .5ki8» ta'D irwiaiyB 
Da^s v^k. "T ^a pk tyDBHi^KB yiya 
^a Dnyn taga. .ytf^8i8o kh ry^any iv Km 
dkii ,^8-i8» pb "vipta Din 1KB taayainya «t 
?"K lyaSyn iv .^^8"i8» pn tio Do-^n "ur 



23 



DIDP^K'SRC ]W ?8iyC 



231 



"i8. i'k pk a-nayay* ?"ii ,nyanyi isa^m 
aaiajnotf im no ,?R*v«B8tf&Dpy pa aim 
.yB"58~i8» s pn *pw 0"na»«ftj iv 
-pftwrso Vk ,t5b«t tanyn ram tb tyn 
.>rtrid enj rjmisnyfi pm tin PR pr did 
tb 0'»ii :yaina rh ty^ytar ix a'n&n) triyv. 
■jp kh pa mny5 rh tyaRn iyp aaipnm k 
pa nytsDnpy nh sr tyjyp"? ya^yii ya^ 
^"■n ,ryfo/D^ iy» *nm yasna yryn ?^8~ir» 
»»» yiny> ytyn Dip D"X nysxjtf nm p» 
nyi d*» tjttjpj,, Widpk iinayaa^p "mm 
ay .fytrn&BniyB ix tyaasayaas Ti l"?8nip 
ytyn iy.p Miprni 8 ire drv, :tt Day-ia 

t/BMR PK DIDP^R'XRD f/lMK jyaip PW5 

?aa>ia-ns yB»»D^8t^B8P »h tyaya *ib»*p 
.yasna "lyryn spm ixnyaoay w Dm 
■ya^K pk cdrb ryiy^y nynna -ina ?yriD 
-••oas >rh pa yn^y nt3 rh ryanta^ w»na 
,trpBDHpy yiQtfrs^B rh D"T .tyDD^RTRD 
yatria in cd ryoinyB WW anaw n rm 
p« border rm «n an« :5#tr» ?yaim 
pa opnma r ~iy~tR nyDp&rsa fya^ayn 
d"x *iyDxy5 njn pa .tyd£ip nya^ayn T'n 

,B»PB«DyD-B»BRri|£'B 8 tJftWJ yaRTB H PK 

ty^XRD 8 tyowyaas vw R'f dip &W 1 
-Sw pr art' pr m ,p*t t,yp tv .TyDpm&a 
-5yrya twumbj* Tin pa nasnunx nyi an 
yiaypj'yn yftpB »a dmtr Dan drii ,DtB»B* 
*8D rh linkway ix aanjnRB 8 fyswyD 

.yaRTB &wv 
vnyno Fi8T8^a iwwn *ijn 
ijn pa yoay^ drt Dnyr y e» d * a 
-ly-iayTDOMpy njn pr DBRB^yrya nya^Dxy 1 
na ,tyryn tidb frv\ ny ya^Jni pa ,^8~i8» 
8n D8"iv yoay^ D8~i pa tinyn iv ntoe 
a^taD^n taw pk t»M i* .Tt o*d o»»"ia 
ayn ta»o a^o^iMwm D'J pk y^t^a dsii 
-»«i iv jhso^i ph a^B^^iKa ,oidp^k^.»d 
tyo ya^yn kpo ,iy»ayowT» mn tyayri br 
.^»8~i8» yo^soas ikh a8 eayp^^ 
-V2 d^kii aaiK^B'aK-DJ'yTi nyraiK tyn 
,nmn yo>8 kh iya^n^ oy urn ,8t8 jy^i 
pk ty^a^iiM Da-i8"jya ta^a t-d jyta^Kii tsn 
-5v ny^r ^i8a in ,5ki8» nyo^sDas mn 
na jy^awD ayn. tyaK^ya tasi dkh aanyn 
-yajre>ya yjnyam y^8 pa lyayn ik aawow 
^"hd 8 oay5> ram pa nny> pk rK ;iye»': 
lya^t to T8 •y.TDB'a 8 — D»n&8a nyi pa 



-xBaasP w ?»^vyn a*oa'ii rm ram .-lyapKi 

,!yiD -i'O D8V. Dy^K T8 ,tDP8B DJT tyi^D 

-83 tya^DBSB^yryaB *i8a t5i8^ta ay dki" 

yonwa 8 ty^ayo t^b -^83 tsaynp ,iyop»i 

ojiyisij' ya^yn jmm y^^KiKo 

oyaya^K nyram pk y^8"i ycina » nnyr 

-y; nyvasa ijn pa iyay^ ayi !^k pk fyay^ 

.DBK^^yt 
* * * 

w jycyiDiv lyoaynya Tt3 lyayp oxy 
^?nijo jib aairpsya «n jyajm yam& Tin 

oyn^D aawyiiya ya^Da^^^yrya 8 d^k 
tya^anyivy; oyr. cm cj dhot^k^vkd nm 
.Bttanj'nny ya^t3B8^yrya y^K pa aa,K: 
-aiayniya yanya»n y^K Kni inyn ^8a "iya8 
nya iv Sytre 8 d^k ^stso kh ny ovia iya 
5bpb mi .jya^ans pk ?ymm ya^r jyta^nar 
-a*m iyn tk ,Da^nyam p»t ta-a iy^»r t^d 
rm .didt^k^kd civ tnrrc dkii ami "wa^v 
-eoyT pa f HBo«p"tyD«5p lya^taa^^ya Tyn 
-yaaK ra^8^ ynan: yK"^8T»o ihk tyayn 
cimk i^aK di?B3"k pn lyisiiya ass'iw 
pn en^nya lya^yvi ,d«&p nyta^a-TK ajn 
"ix aawnsiBnya pn pk taT-Dyiiytaa^Kiya 
.lyoynyDam-iyDB^P W'H ay^ 
-a^^^^8 , ayayaaiKanya pa umbohi pk 
-asa pr tayoa didt^k^xkd im rm tanyn 
-k^vrd k^. .aa'.ayrtt&p ye'^RTRo s ty^vya ryx 
Dyianaya &: jyaKn ry»D»B8tam"tyoo^ 
\vd .*iBD8payc*#p |'8»w ynRynts ny^r 
od^r^xrd TyB"rnxaKTB nyi tk .D^nyxnyn 
T-Suw &"* yo^wa 8 ORn yma oD^BRBm 
Dnm ix jyoip jy^ini vi"i rh tk taTsiiyaaK 
.eB'RB'^yrya kh i^a Dinoa^T iy"T jyayaay 
.Diniya*£Bya dkh "iy ya^yii 
DyTanaya rm didt^n^xkd dik 8T8 tk 
.tJq'h isnip tanyr dkt ,^rtrd *pm nKa 
■ya pk jypip ix Dia v» iy^>8T to rim i8a 
kmi .Dinr^K^XRD ayanjn^o an rytaasie 
-■•3810 ayn pR jmRiiya Dp^TryaD^m rm ny 
Twr "taiKB ny^^D^aiDKP Tin pa ODya 
ya^aimoa k d^8 jyD^yaay d^d ryDP^Ro 
yea^ya nyn pk aaia"«ny ys^DBK^yrya 
*ip ta>a ,iyayptaDyi pe .ta^n^ay© *un px 
didt^k^xkd taix 8T8 drii am h^r anayp 
,td jynyr ,?rtrd pa »na pn Daypya tann 
.yf'KT yonTa 8 nnyr Dnm rm d^bb' *n m 



232 



DB31pt!t KH 



24 



tyttoyo 112 TTujuya o^aixy^anx twt 
in^o^ss-i^ssD yDPiya "iyo:ix o.Da5jrt 
■a*! tjft«flnwDyiK t.y^3yo rs ,tyi3yoB>oix 
yaHya*K y?x pa ui&g&tsfetji iy"t pk b»3 
b-nruri tx ,tt o^omya ,tjwoy&iw«ya 
oyoi^XDax xh 5xnxo. nxh tie is tito oonya 
pi jjn .oyonxonx -itx tix octi oxn px 
pn iw no f t3i^Dia« w: px i^hxo *r£»a 
ynyT3ix pa aj^aaynax dd"pi mjh /ipopyaia 
un .11 .t .h ty^yot^oix ,im«w*b ,tya3ia"a 
■5* pa aswaso nyn pn tp: pit? xn ivp 
"ijn rn jyp xn ;nox mm *wv nya^oya 
yana « px nox px "iet pa aswoxo 
o"»3 nyax ,twwftn nyn* dx^p x rtys^yo 
iyos5p y^x pa r b"mwflb iys3xa ijn pa 
.twnrapSjm y s x ps 
;yoDyo to jyay? ,tt oayna ,d*h t^o 
•31K kh px ^snso t"K Tib o^priTn xh 
tyoDHX'sxD ?nyo"ins x pa 0"paHTii 
-xoxtfBDpy Tit ypxo rva^t px jyaxT jyjyp 
px t'nox px -iyax ,5x"txo jyaya Pit ijps 
.oxHxoy^xis pa .amps kh |y^y: nxa ay 
:yp nyii pit ;ynxiK>ma nyi pa t^: nya* 
-ys px 5>xi*o ayoyn ,o^ots>ya jyaxT tpx 
^s&osrtfaopy is otx> ya^yn nh is ,ivo 
thd it ?o«rD"5j tii ys^yn ,onypiye is 
5m*o k>h oaH^noiya ynsitrma nyi pa 
px ours nana ay-i tin* is'ssosi^aopy Pa 
tytpayo "a tin* ansn pit Toxa lysasa isn 
,\ 1 * t 8 n a 1 it ?i © o s p "iy-r OToanpiy 
tw"t n-ya-^p flit fwiwm* «'- fya^yii pit 
T8 .ty'ruyo "T wnw Pit ya^iitr xh naia 
•j y k.h tyaxn «t 5"ii ay aynis -1*3 
-opy kh px ,jyTt3si^aiDpy is cp3^ 
pk b"pi3"5j .oayn oaa^yT tiprabiBtffi 
,T^Toit3:iit nn itn ^'i\ pn twut jaatfw 
,ynyp-iitoL" oa^:^ya ODa^yr -iiosj itn i;yn 
.» .11 .t .it yiy^ia jny^nya jrvsqw 

.it .t 
nyn pK ry^mv "i«a B»a ty^t to tx/in 
■vm rut "1*3 ,5m»o ijibiJiio3« 
.jyjRT to ;yno ^*i f tyxisa pit fyW^as 
"iiT« tya*n. 0^1 pw iyp itn frm apit Tit 
pRT^ ,iyP v oaypD yrsj"« tjd oyon^onit 
*vi itn a^jhtKf iyay^ rya^:yo ayj^oy^it 
ya^^jyo kh pit y^n jroma it nynna- 
"yno^ y^^itnuo in* d?*ii tyo^P^byiib 
.oa>i?."iP"D3:iiTviv ny^n iyi^^ya tyasia 



-PW3 x pa "qtt^a^TiD yw'wvi itPi inyD - D^ 
,Dy1>« p<N o^u'Das T^it, ya^yv, ,y v J it 3 ya 
Tt o^tD^nya ;x~ .^n*» px ti« dhxt 
ryTODnpy btnmya o*n 5xnxo ts ,ain: 
lyn pn oai.xnya otjn px oi?*Da« tji;r T'a 
.jyay? iyT3ix pa nyojyv njrr ,opna^yo^ 
-o?yn x^" tyani-'ajia^o nymx xpi ptx nx^ 
r r x Dy px ,yiy"tjx ;x oxy s px jnawya 
;y^]y^ vi:vp:"- ly^piv tyayno iv jyo^yT 
"ix-i B^e lyo^Dtrp'x w: ty^*T axn ya^yTX 
-jyc pa ar ; 0'80'^a* xn fyjyn yiny 1 ? D'lm 
^jyo in tx o;"v ya^yvi yiny^ nn — xsw 
-my jnyayn 1 yiyo^r, x mi inyo »tj t»« 
-^y ynynix tx ,npn yanjny^ pa aii^ii 
-yj i,y^piv twit i^o jyanxi ayTn nyo 
aala^o xtx ^a — .11 .1 .x ,iyeax-a^O' yDPi 
-*o tx .tyco^ya is oa"5 ptx cj t^itf t>k 
-ya to tyo^xn ixi ?yr ,oi^xDax t^x ^>xn 
■■•lyaycya yoa:y^p xh «a lyTx^iv oarun 
-*o .'ynxTiapx «a iTax ,anyn kpi ry^ 
.jyoas^ya^it yr^xi 
-ix ya^oastpjyDT toxj xh nyopn 
Diya^ ^xixo yoi^xoax jyjyi tyoiyou 
To^ipnya^^jyo -iyn pa yoa^^ya xh ^i*j 
osy^ d*h mjypip »"3 .ryoayoi^x yiynx 
rysivma y^^xixo ^y^e ptx to jyaxn 
nxopxa nyociy "iyi pit ixn .jysyty: px 
.aT^xx^y ~\yi lyniyj iyay^ lya'^ayo px 
-yrrawayo tx ,0T^iiya yoa^t^yrTo^P xh 
ytj'^xixo ay^is 0^ onyny^apx oxn "-iya 
-yiyo^x. y^oa^xxjy ay^is ixJ ,yanjya 
-yjopx \ywyy® T'X tyo^v yw px Tm ,iyo 
ya^oeXi^yTyj yjpTX px jyay^ is ryoip 
-ya pa o^aix xh ya^yn »i ityaauanya 
lyanso^ iyiyn is jya^inyajx o*n yjyaaxa 
x oro tyayiaisanx px jyopo is «t dSk 
y:y::x3yaaaynp pa o^anx xh iyn .?*» 
-ya nyaar 1 tb nyanso^ r^x lyisiiya t^x 
"xo trim .pniax^ra anxi o*n ,oax^yT 
B*a ^HyDy-iBoyti'ayo jyopj^oaa^x y^nxn 
onnyinya tix t>x ix^ ,eiynyaapx 1*3 
oiy^piy ,aasa lyryn o^o .T^syiya tnxiiya 
[yax^»ya tix tpi^t ^oa^^yamo^ip xh 
pa jya^Ha px fysyryaoapn y^x tyiRniya 

.^*nso 
*x ,op3iaTjxo^ ayn pa aHjy^ao^Hx 
ny3H^:yo iyi pa opnxia x t^x ^>x"i*o 
tya^sana ytp^-iso ynyiaix y^x rx .tb^ip 



21 



DiDT^lSPSKC p« ^ISTlNE 



233 



Mn3 , aayB>ya-aJ8'>spn , x-is ayoy.11 ,nyaya ^n 

.lyp-ixa"' px 

--•ax; -y- ax~ nsoKP fyTywSy-i px 
.yonsa pn "lnvm is: lyon^y; pytyn "«d»J 
—y- xrx B&nyg Dijtn P^xa ayamyj x jyn 
is inyo aasByiis _ jyny:i px yo^pm jijnj 
--y~i xnov.iv 8 «m rs«v ~yi;yayiaya iy- 
-ya ryp-'r, is ryajsajms tin ki ax~ r f^j 
,r:yacnpy pn "p,a fibdkp tyan>E>jyK> p» nya 
avpivia^H iy~ p^ fyiiya nana pw axn jgn 
*i.$j ,-^nysnyp tjnnyj -iyp-xa:r px nya^yr. 
-y- ,p^sa ay-; is anynyj axfi iya£yii tbh 
-\b»p fyy«H ph a;i?pma:y y>yiia5ip ays 
-ii-iyo thrift axn fipjpftn a<yoim pk tot> 
.aax^yTy; nyn *mx Difoj"K 

a-isjnia^ip ijn rx ,tt bnytaen-wj ay 
■jjaftajh pa ax?; s nx iyoipynxa to-»j px 
.nysss *h« arrx ajya^siya ;yo xm ;pa 
a^s nya?yii px r tyo"wya is njnw px ay 
a-y-yaanx axn "ixapfca "way "iynx iy~ 
,asy ti« fin .y^xiaann pn iyryer ^ 
~id?ip "lyann nymx *nx °s-:yp)p- a^i 
ya^nysiyp a^o -i$j tx ay bayna ,:jtfpnia:iy 
.rayaonpy tb ?iaoxP px -iai; fyo px aaxip 
n a rx r |yo^'B«ya xpi inyo a^ jy;yp vo 
■yj yamy; px ,utfpiitMy-"nBftp yamyj x 
2 * x *i 2 o .j?. p -yi dxp ryaxsy ya^aa^* 
rx ,yoixa jwnMO pn fya^ay: pmsi 
7SW is 5«f«M»s iy;:xay;;x [yasn arrx px 
,y l" < o x J X P y ,ryixapxa yny^jx tyo 
.11 .r .x jr'B^^jiijMOjn 

jyo-ixa-^iaoxp xn \ywv aiyi u» |yn 
o s ; jyo ?i~x- ,Daxe^yry: wasy "On pa 
px ya?yn ,aaxt^yTya iyiy^ px tx ,iyay:nya. 
"^jrD&iviB pa enwis ayi spix ajnopnaya 
-a^ iiyny pa |yay^ nyi ax o«"n .ointajw 
p,a .wypenj? :?jn:yDtJ'Dn« ^ns pai iy?; 
lyn "Vfi yan; nyix P^xa pa ?iaDXP ayi 
yaya^K yj^T pa ,D;ytD"m' px ,nytoDnpy 
D»ni eiBDKP tya^nyrx an px lya^pJMya 
•D""o yiyux to' jyin^ is d^x deip nn r x 
.l'^dd^ioxp t s x BD-Btf^yTyj xh jyni .lyiy^; 
xh &: Di^tDonpy |»n m ^n e»tsenj« 
lyDyiyurx xh maattP pa yoixa ya^ns 
-nyarx ya^jynyfi D'jyny 1 tix yen: lyi pa 
-:-a xm iyn383">ya a^ ^n iy ni ^ jyoy 
t-x DBKc^ytya KH' iyii oy t^x njnw .ya n > 



TDjy-nniD^iP yw.y: x wo ty^jyc "i^d 
nynB> T^x ynxo:xa yo^mya x 0^0 „3nSp»ii 
yt^^D^Knyttwa rh o-o tt lyrnynaya is 
xrx .ar'x wj jyay^ -,y-T ya^yn ,jyopxa 
■ya yL-^x-x^ px y^oo^: T«n« oxn r:yo 
aayiiir »m iy; ,_ :y-ieya is hd px jyo^ein 
pa }yj^T ya^yr, P iyts?sni y^xjn^x px ny 

.,y-xr,y; jyex^ya ooa^yr nn>x 
si a o x p (yayni myj nya^o^yn^. nyn 
■"T-a x f j.yo«m* x wynp pmsi d 1 x 
iyty^- ?^x .Bwatt iio^ip »-»a fyjn ry~ya 
?y^ tyo-y: is >«mM« jx jyann pisoxp 
pa jyay^ -,y- ya^yn pa ryixapxa inyo 
"UJtsmy iy- «in* ^ix^ .o^ ix: &"vi nrn 
pw owl niD^ip nya^L";yo ny pa yaiDs? 
n a o x p ryayv, rmi nya^o^yi^x -y- 
-xa y^n^niD pn jyta^ayj pmsi d 1 x 
oTBDnpy jy^^yay^ya y^x ^a jyv, .yo 
•^^-ys-iyp t>x ay ijm tx ,yonxa nyn px -y 
-xais "iya^ ^>t fyp ay nyii nyix lyp-ixo^ 
T'x ny- r twiu3Hya ya^n^oxa xh is jya 
nya^jyo ixn px ryaxn r t|fioKp px iau 
-p»a y^j. jyp-mi is jyjjxaya;x asnsiB'^yryj 
- y 2 i y p y?v\i pa oix ay tin« :tyi$B 
-y^no y^-x "a o?y^a^ ya^yr, ,oaxip y^O 
-y;:x fyB'jyo "a oxn ,y?x*i aaiin xh jyi 
-yi y^i toann kh pry^ai" is lyaasa 
rr»n5c Djiypyj ?x~ pii" oxn B'jyo k .?: l- 
-xe: ;ya-:y-:yL"ya y-iyp-xoi- a RTDfen 
~ ,,, r, ,cy- ay^is ix- \wy.?"2 »t piX'Dn-x 
fyas^ya is a:iy^yaa , 'ix a- % x 1:*^- -:l" pn 
^yiX lyri^naiye is-tt ya^yr, a>o ..'"-sy; 
fiaoBP ayn pKj,,niP .x;vj' ay- fy^aya is 
pa Damp kh a^: anya^ya my.aanpj» -, a 
— jyenyp -yix "y^n^a x px .y^jyoma^ip 
lit.: ,uxaL"is tyr^r, px xm ,yoixa -ya^ 
-mx tio rys ya^yn ,yoixa lya^vs x px 

.y ^ y 1 a p y r y a : - x ;ya 
"yr^oax^ryTy: pa m^pnuwy rnxn a^o 
nan axn ,a^aix~iia^ip ny; pa .tx'spnx-a 
fyJ>y&B> is iy;:xay::x ~xapxa -\y:'^2^:i}?y 
aoix sibdsp iya^t?jyo px y^x"i PWis pi 
"ajy pbi yaiatj' ly^bJ^n lyraw *rix .i^txt 
yrJvusJ xn pi«' ly^yai" »1fai\ 
lyiyn px ypx' y^ya^iya^x ;x jyoayip 
x ?inx airray; anyv, naoxp ijn .nsoxp 
p>xa ax~ ^yix^spnxia a^o ayii "iia^ip 
a^ypiiaay px nai; t^x aax^yTy; iyix 



234 



asr.p-ix R"H 



26 



■"11 Djpi lyiyv. nmno yny^r t^o "ly^y^jy 
Tynmi .btjhmp pr nyniyS y-"i oysyy; iyo 
-pa iyDR^tnya D"V -iy3f>yT nyi pr 
jorj»*mjrB tin pa ryiyits xn WJ'3 
-«na r drh drt tr .RpnyoR PR uwwjtac 
,p^rb jyv3R3 ayi epiR trj t^3 pitwr \vc 
pa Tjpfr^o iy:P¥i"R tiny *T1R TIR "iR3 
■t3D3>yr pr ,-iyp^ya ytMRDiOT fya^R rh 

.T^ytafcnya 
yo^i/v, hijtvr «h DTDDnpy Dy trn 
pr ,DintD:.ya"R drip-ib *pir wrwnjya pr 
■'iiv hborp r tyoipynRE yn&av irrR pr 
-iyv3Ri -iot pr ^so p*p ir: .?yoR5>p |jr*> 
nBDRP"tyoR?p -iot osn yoanpy:i Tya^Boyo 
r.h pr lyopRT&a lyaiRB' rtr ryiR-ioy: cj 
nsDSP tot am .tyiiirpvya w»5o!HW?yrw 

IJNPnSD'ftStt'BtiP TOT PR IRQ DD1P TVaSjM 

"wma pr DRnRDy^RiB ty««m miittr 

.ottr 

nyrys ."> 



Dinpin^R fyiy^ ddip tan ^dduio^p £Pj 

PR BpyTT PlB;DRp"DBP.T DOT fenfPB IV CP1R 

t^o r tt t^yayn ny Tya^yu pr .yarni pn 
"Dnpy pn tr ,f.«t jyp apyni'K d«i -y^: 
-"oytfR r*h pa nyrj^ii b*j 3R tijjyn nya 
.yen; nyv3R3 tot pa fyosunp y^ 
pu lau Dyn pd»h totr nOTJy^ay i* 
T»a nsDRp pr nyjRH-^R totr -iy?y3>a r 
bdip p5rb dott pr Din ,y:vqwv TV"t 
tSB&opp iv ny;p3"ii d>3 yatjny kh o*ik 
>»*n ,dot ay^iv PR DRT .y&"11¥ RH R>11 
pr nypTRW iw"t i:u5w^' pr UR^iiy 
IV 3M3YTS W^D^^B^P "i8»nwtf» i TOT 
R'li nyoo^Dpy y^RjR^VRi *iyn tb tyaBoyp 
ynRonyts pr wvphrib n uiynnyn .-iyTy3'3 
Dy drii ,D.nyDjn3Ty& *p& pyii ■ujsfcjpi pa 
p»t iv "inn tyDRniR »bmh h pa yi"R pr 
d^v nya^ynyr pr ,*ibdrp DjR v vpnR~i& pr 
-mb§ nytyro Rn. pa tR v vpnRnB «n oiyn 
y^Ronyo ny^r ^>ir pr ttfypnitwy ort 
-i^a uOTmyii .ny^BRi^R pa DBganya Diyn 



niia- pa yamimB yi^RiR^iM R't 



-y»D"iya lyuiR Diyn iyp-iRoc r?R ,«n 
r?R f nRn ~iyT]iR dbr>p ly^toDRn r^R ,i&T\ 

RH 0>D PR pn OTRH fy^JHI ^T tD^RII THiSftD 

,-H ty^T'.R ty^ dot imyniR jyanR yjyi^R 

•lOT'R y"> R ,ta B. 
-poyn,D wntyn un jyiyii o^ iy3R 

POTJRT ,JOTOT Rt 1^ ^11 "1313,, pa d^p 

."DRniRiB y^RjR^Ri,, ytjiRjyiRT pn |yjyii 
-•'Dyi^ynD rh tyi^r d^v TytDvy^ nyn pR 
r wv d^itr "i:i3" pa DnyrrpEi PR iyp 
d^j qbti R D3RioyuR DRH ya^yii ,ynRyitD 

I^R "113 ,iyt3D^R^VRD KHl |ycniV "11J 
D'3 TC 0D1P DV "WW Rm .ty"I :, R lyi^^lV 

-ur:tir OTJyvjy^i yryn un^p^onp iv 
yijyv:y^i »n -^ri oy ^n unit: fiR\v.RT 
dot pa yi^RBny yroiRD^ni p« 0"w*eyflo 
-yii dtdr^prib pR owiyj'8 fyno "Tim,, 

{yD^RfOR tD>3 ^^tMM niiRT DR1 "iy3R JlJTl 

.'p^tDnp yoDiny pr yy^nny pa nrna r 
B$jrw«r» oy ytfyv< ly^yu ,yi.Rnia rh 
na pR ymymR>Biya ,r sio^a r pr ,t* 

lyjyn pimys tyuyi r jys^n >rt nyry^ iy- 




,ty3 



■■•tr "lyj^oyi^R,, iy 
1313 TJWOT.K nyty 

PR ly^lB ,R!t3^ pa 
r*3R3 R T^R "TJH&DV1 

n pR 33i3"ti'"iy y"i 
nyn pR.to^yii ytr^-'R 
pn pe b^v nyvnip 
iy drh nytaDnpy 

"RT pnCftUfinK TV3K 

i^br jyaRH drii ,r ,- i |y3PDKny ytfy 
-rv drii jytR^ya pniv jnyv nn^ « 
rh td jyty^ tv?"» y3yaiR o>» .i3r?"iot 

PR D«W»05«HD "D'1313„ DOT pB |y03^Ty3 

oy^R DRi t^r : td jyiyna 33nyT3iRny3 d^» 
t^r i^iyD jytaRTttD atfR ytyn lyrn ? hdr 
^"Pi^nnyaBR rtir t>r ixatfofi pytDora 
nyt33iR rh "3 i^iyo niDi»3yi^yn rtr pr 
-nniiD pR yoaeo^ya ,yDORrmya ,y®pm 
w: tya^j td ?"URfon pR tyn^R ytR^ 
PR ,^rh r iR3 jyry^ t^d pr jyriR OTyniR 
t»» -wiyo drhi tHR ,^rdr TR3 lyiOTa TO 
-y-WRiiya nyt3iR oddrii *in.yo r^R /yxna 



27 



TJ12 p£> yDK-|J$pB J^7«iy2C8J »H 



235 



pk yDogo mb»tk gn pngtw tnnnya jju 
...p£'is pM JgD w ugii t^j agn "*uia„ "in 
,iyjgT "v»Dg5 ,gtfg ,pg "ijia,, pa law ijn 
-m> khi fynip ijtfyn jynga ~iyag ..•<e , S 
-jw pr cnh — ,gD^ : tyjRT ij6jm pg njni 
inym? srwn "-uu„ lyr pg .ppgn ni7T 
"-ma,, in ijtii pa jvuvpi Tyuw nytww 
iy:m*ny;ia*in auyj o»n» ny^y 1 P3 vi &5gii 
arm oftgn ^agin^na 'nyjg'gn,, -iyi t^n 
lyj^envipyniig kmi jyDipyjDPK b 1 : Dnsnag 
"0"pjHjytM^.eD3?yT " Djg^tfPJKng,, pn 
is'gn -bust* "ly^y^yao p»p 5**n ^mry^ 
.teiya^R lyangn jy-pg — gt^j w pg 
Ig^gnyiya g pa |g^a nyn nyem nyag 
-:"g nyn Dftg Diypnyjg noia„ njn trom 
-y^gne uwn'K ayn pa nyny-ionya Tyrv 
nga -tfya pupru g ny ttgrr tun .agngtt 
t^» ,"ugftnn *tm ,g&n ,ty*na pg jgn ,v» 
-yj tyrg i«n Bawmg jrw 1 : arupi pM* 
•Wren pm ,vt jyra 
pa Djymjig "ljwau"* nyi t^j pk am 
"WGpwyv Tjn 0^*3^^ nyaig ,"iiia ff ayn 

."TUwapoa'ni pg 
jyrayj ytoar^yj Tyigpnyjag nyn pn 
: tea fytyn tst Sywra tyrvn'ipiyD g td 
pa wwnaya gn |yw aynpnyn^a nyn 
-yj pk pg lyajgayajg tt o^m onyayj gn 
•tain gtg sins ynsij aaaDypyjang lyigTiyj 
ang O'myii vm W1& gn Tt ttfri If 
"jpxgnjnya *iyig y^ogjgDig,, itapjia nyn 
-snnya ngn (tyoggDtr-ng:) "roup,, an 
jyrn iytDgg»B> y^T^iya g,n tk ,oyD 
tagger nyny^ m ,i3g$ put fya^Sa lynjo pk 
ya^yj^K jtt»t p« y»sjstaiK tya^n iij jyp 
^»^nB g iya»^a nya^ nn \y tyt:^njyjy>yjjN 
•nyojiK t* no ti« t*^'*3 *iysjgj nyi pa 
"nDigD,, kh njjnnyii ,y^ytyj y~\wx lyansii 
to^n |y» dkn ,tMj»?nya mp (iy»88»K'mM) 
lyny n"! ",»o'jjnjnwp d^dd,, jyany; ist 
n>an ^ya naytot^^a pn ^>gt dbsd^ 
yjjny^nya igm p« ,DDa^yr ^n nya^s 
^>t |y«wiw urrosm* pn jy^gt jyDggB^ 

.y^gnynya g ^nn 
tD^^ntjyjag ypgD ^n ta^n "newo,, nn 
-jnya g ojninjyj D^n pg "n;tan^j„ nyn pa 
P».ti o^ tjiKT jyn nyax ,p^aiaisn yiroxn 
-nya sn pa yDa^yj nfri b^» toagpya ^y^a 
-yyojig tk ,jyD v M «t dw ,iyDggB-B> yor>"« 
-Daanujn yowDt^ya g jyjyn cntMj' nyi; 
■gjgpy yjPDa^i nn tyay^yi ipn yonga 
«n pa J^K^naya «n lyjyii y^tna y c , d 

•tinig^pr yvnjmt" 



p*§a t-yxnip t? lymsai jytio v* >yit #cyi 

.yoar^yj ijr» p« 
* * * 

njg^Dn pg »?yi'i "ly^^DD^g^go njn t^g 
nnn .tea lytoDj-iy nnyr g lyoipyjn^a vh 
te'vgD y««on gn pa oyiugp tyo^iw Djn 
nya^yii ,Dy-ujgp oyn sjmk ,iyDgvgDyi 
"te'v^D y^ron yte lyrj^giya D^ry; ogn 
-wpo'nn pk ,"Dnga p»n pK lyagnpgDjn 
"-ma,, pa iytoKjy^yi gn .jjiDteac g jyc 
-gn p-k D-yujgp pa iyn«yjpnw vi jyagn 
DnDD^iK "D'njia,, nyi my^piy Dn^sri |ya 
nyiyjg^i^Tiy-i ■«;.»" or. ny:^Dyj^K "on. pa 

."an:*? 
,TT Dagn^ ,iy»ipyj*ig2 t^k tpnoL" ijn 
ymga gn nya^K ;»"paw$p g igj nya^K 
-ynya "on*? y^Dgjgog,, .t^^KT^gJig pa 
.yjKia nn pk — "y^vgn 
nyiK f "tnga nyn pa inyD^nga »n 
ik ,ty^i. /'kipd^k,, jjid^v njn ps .nyoya 
,ug^cn nK^ pa jyDgnpgoyT^g^go gn 
">o\i im pk |yj&D^igre.8J y?g pa .n .i) 
PK Din^gjig ft ly^gr (ynyao^g nys* 
yuKjga^na "iga nu ; "tnge yj^Dyjte p»g 
o^rnoy^^K jynjm »b*tss nn ^gr jypyjw 
.jypnp nyig "jyjjg>8i„ yjyny^anya pg 
y^go^g kh jya^iDya ^gt fg^gn liny 1 
jyagn ^gr .n .1 ^yj^DB' nyjyj^g pn simk 
lyig^g"! y^g .BagtmyiTBDa^y? .y^nnjgoig 
-gr pg tyuiaiya pn jy^gr nyag tyonnv 
-gp tentojyv prs pa tjnyii tay^wnya jy^ 
-iga gn ,t33jg?nya nyag "Tna„ iy*i .»yD>» 
g j g ^ v g j ^g: tonn^gng pn ^gr "» 
mtk pn ^gr ug^Dn pg .n .i ,| y o y u ' ^ 
?y^a grii lyrmge y^DD^wvgD ^y»e 
pK jyay^ ^y iyDyD^gjg^g; yijny^nye 
Ig^vgr^gjig yteJg^gJ yiy^ pk ,njg^or, 
rim ta^j pg "is JHjyDB^sa. rya^^a ^gr 
nya nn tib ; jg^gn jyoniyj g pg npjyiB'ya 
jy^gr |y:g^gT^gj-ig yteJg'ygj viwr 
-gnjnya g ^in ijnaianya ^n ty^mv p»i 

.rg'v 
-D"T»B> nyn jyvniP pg iij r^g ogn 
-y::g tynyTi jyDjymng yjjny^tnya .cpjis 
,,yagT ta>j jyp \yo ,pg ,|yo^t yi^a pa \V2v: 
DpjiaugDB' p*t oan^ntDTya ""tna„ njn 
,ynyaD>g y^ s Dn gn ,yn wvyi inyr 
pg o^"nonya jynyii >gi r **ma>, njn tDjjne 
"D'njia,, am pn nyn iwi gu f |yj$nsn 

? tg^gn 
^tDnga yL'^eo^g^gD ytj'^ia gn 
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yiRpa-jyDyb^xJ'R'VXJ xn i;xm ,v*1»Bjif pR 

DJ 1R11 ,^pn"I.R _ D3;i»D RH SplX "PSD"^ PX 

N ,._ . yL .., riV Bisogp -y;H;.yo > L ,, y3 x ir any: 
-rc xn px ,ijfoyo^«japifi»3 yjypywya 
split mxp; ot!']Sj^ "tnne yrnDDHR^v 
iv~ ; viyo pr:: .oaflDsnow lymDXpypya x 
iitoryp \v:vp ryrx tx ,ttyDsnnya "Ppia,, 
,ix~ — ,: ymy- y^xJiR^XJ >yvy2D px yoay- 
iJftjBoyp px on* patent pn jy^ii n* jjrti 
."trvsa WHJW3B' OD3?yr x d$k 
py- dkii nya^x i,yvp.ip px px drh 

PX DRP ITS ,P«R2 f'DDK PX DW D"PtDIB> 

ywu'xPa yxssR'vx: xn : ban }yo own 

."pjia,, Dyp pa 
yp- r-tk r^RDL" -yr,in px "pOTa,, iyp 
drh ~y w ,-x;,xr oyoannya iy .yoxPJRna 
|yr\; iy" pa jmrjtf yr^an xn jyjvayj 
pit ofisiaypya didpx'P' , v ayi ".yjiXPfi 
'juwpsjn x d^x ,;»03n pynyr px " ~:i2,, 
pyas tws? iy jjwnya yanpye> px jn 
.jyiRttx'^^Dx yiDjsjyiRT x ,_ i pa pnx 
ryiR^K' /''-pin,, ijn d;xt ,DnRDR^a^n« rh 
d»w lyiy.i fy l >R? isrnx in* ,p$s pntajy^K 
\v>V" Dtrn x v p jye^yn n*u oyv, dirp .ijttk 
oyv pyax ya'R"i£--fjnv sh jyi^s onx lyiyn 
px yrvr'x xn .fyponiiKnya 1^2 ay- Tin 
■1^3 ;y>xt tjrrx oqn ,xtf,x ps ys^ini y'nox 
ujn *pir |yasoy,p pnx i.yf>R;T px firwit jya 
■ypOPn nxa ,-nvox: ,jypR2 iye"BD^SPVRD 
3$e Tyoma nyi jyii px .ytaayp y^Rjjpyxa 
ir ,; tyoipya tjn>« iy>yv, jxp ,ty»ip tayn 

.p^n J3RDJJTT1W3 

PBi "tfuwaieniffi Rn ,o i, t yiy-i^s kh 
ny" to>D p^s T'^iyi^s I3»»t»' "^-ipd^r, 
w» .yjsna^Dyto'^RiR^Rj rh, jyiyn ""nia,, 
yntsyntD yvjs" yryn ts ,-iyas ryos^nya 
iyrn t:y^ 1 s 5"ti ,irPK irs. nn ^t q&bb 
Dnyii ^Hjy^n wi ,i*iasft*v\ -ir^rj j^p 
: yasna rh pya^s bpiib nyi rt^s in 

? D^ IV r W«83 S IJH^R tyj"T IV 

■B^nsra "njia f , nyn r v v, t na* t>s oy jyn 
»rt ]VZ$n \m ,ir^r: x {yi^n tyra ts ,oyo 
•yt>x3S^vx: |,yjjR^ya iv my~\ JHjyt2^^sa 
C3 iyrn jy-pR a">i,« ,to^ nyax ans ,yoayp 
ytiayp jtSsm^wu t"P "» TOP JR'vsj ph 

•lyjis^ya ts>3 
"sna yryn eins lypyaisjy jyp jyo iyi"R 
dkvi :i8r9jHb»bDj« pynna pyas ty» ti» ,yj 

? t^VSJ R »D"H 



cyi lya^Hnya 1$ »*j •iHp.i.tasd p'» ^>k 
-ya jyo ty^.nyaR ,"no\R2„ pyi^ o^d "U12,, 
IMB'^iB tapJia-D^piDe' nyi nytDjynyj DaRito 
;M3 t^nyr /'RHipors,, rh its ""ma,, ny- 
ry D s yi: : Rn n^panppm ny~i px tx ,t)x 
l,y;yn *n t3p:is py;rto3 v, n ^2 x iy:yn ^t 
-R^^Rnip x pis yDp 1 xa _ Dax ,, vxT i JxniX xp- 
.naiR^on px ynrDXP'^xnnjyv lyny; 
topiie x "1R3 owl ,iyt)3XPny3 *i^^ 

.T^X DX~ 

""ui3„ ayi Dy any; bru -^^jyr^R 
pn oyii »bi»a xn nix xn-, ,iyay^ px nrx 
,jyp^^x \vmp to^j |yp py nyn ?op , f , JiRJ"niR 
i^ym pyvin ,s x'- pyix jypxnRE xn ;yn 
?."i iv DiJiR^ya "ixnri,, pyp tx ,1'noyD 
ijr? xtr px nrax ,-)y~w5 yna xn px 
-""DDn'R^xD xn ^n ty^b^j ,Rpny»x urtji 
15/jyp "t dxv, jy^aypp y^x px jy»t:pxa yr 

T^X Dy -PJiR^Dn pX 1XJ T3P33 ,]]}y\.p *11J 

xn tx ,jypytD^ivPxa in in;yDJix Ixaj^R 
iny^ya ^n 5>m ^dprs ynyjiR^v^Riiisn yt^cn 
^xp T'-x onxTi iiRj .ya^n "D'ppia,, Djn jrtiR 
px nva-'ta id x ban un; iyp vuio^xa^ n 
y'nnx xn . ^nx p^i» ay djrt "n:ia„ njn 
ypyix^nsiiyp xn ^rt xm : t^: t>x yis-\£. 
^xt xm iiia ^in^ixnx v^ V'biK'fi 
xm .oin^xnx pn 1 1« 5 d n ' rrs: 
oj"id drp d^ tx ,t,y^n^ bo 5rt "pjia,, pyp 
yiytDyse' x. d»tr ^a t^x oytyn tx .Dvy 1 ny 
d^ ya-xTDxno xn msa ?-y» t,yp ^axne 

•lyjyp^npyiTx 

-p;xn^ ayn p© 1 anpx tony; "*un„ pyp 
o d 2 ) y t x jyjint jyp>x dxp ,Dpjie 
tD'puyo py px ,f x "• v x : junayue' 
■>"iR jy^n lyDD^RWRD y^x : nTX dhrp 
iv Dayp orp drp tR v vx; vw tx ,rD>br 
IjrvK ,iyD2y^yj, yjy:*"R ypn>x lyD^xmya 
-^vx; ynypjx y^x d>d "sp^Sa ir^vxj x iyi'n 
ya^yT drp rt^x jyp'x xn jyaRp ,jyjR 
tytoDnx^VRD xn px ,jnjniR v^ xm Dayp 
tyaypiyiifj* dxp yto^py xn \^^ tyanxp 
tR^vxT^-xapR xn, .fy^pjRn iv tj/ryn irj px 
nnx"i »n«n ^toixa ypyjR^v^Riw"! "un p2 
r^x pyptya xn nw xm. ^t^iiwi nyp pt 
,no,x n« oy .jyay| 'jyoxTiv iy^r pjx^dh 
pij ^nnjrt IR^ ^x drp ,"pJia„ w torn 
t^a tjnrn a:x r ; pRJ &yn oy f yn.j}fyn» px 
pyaR ,v&\m yT-yni iv jyoap DyiT pax^on 
t^r ,"p:ia„ mi w^viy fDimnxiVRD div 
tan tyjynbDyp^ pa typyn *ws tD^n ir: ^nx 
dhxp pn ryan,xp td .fy^onx^RD onx 



29 



•uia pa yoB-uK-i b yitiwxw «n 



237 



cnwi :nya8 sjns} np8 ,Q^i P« 3^5a i« 
jy^ia pn jyT»K kw jjajm r»,u "wm B'nep 

XH ITI2D P8 DK11 pX ? ^ftUSori RM Stt^ 

tsWT ripwftft ,r&ttoiM ,ty^y»n p« ijn>» 
vs oxii f w frVTOwne p8 rwK&MP ,n:8^> 

_, ny08 P« 8*1 jyTM y»n8 HTM RED Dysy 

pmK V?$ yryn w« Bjyayn nnxn ? 8P 
-ya^ynyn re B'J jyn »t i#utf&a ? pms a** 

? 18**83 T***n*K 
xn ,yji*o2 yiBnis pv d*3 pm o«n p8 

: TJnjm Bny2B3ynya mo 
•m'jon won ijn nyB3ix ryn*8 kh 
--ya tyt^ivs* ,i.yn3yayj ywivwwz p« lyay? 
,tyatnat** yiyiiy^n-yS' b*d nyptya y3jny*e> 
Bjyayn "*Tjia„ nyn .n'jmn pa Mu^yn 
d?8 tyn*8 ts ,B38i ny jb*-3 p«jrn b>d in 
,rx>Q p8 B"¥ pa 3':oyna8 b*o t-v^^t inpyg] 
Bnrn»*K j6&38*i¥.S3 8 f ?***W p*8 jyrn »t 
•ypK Mn in Dyay vm rami nxa Bjmn — 
"vwp /m^rs ,8B^ ,iy>ia p* tyay> bsii 

? fJTPK JttnaM 8H D*0 BIHMM ,.11. .? .X tt&P 

:ix pn-8 y^8 >8 ,iynyao3y stSsjni mr* 
-31M "p^i jynyn »n»JBn won nyn nya 
nya8 p» -afcton .now pk Bin wnnjna 
tynyii ryn'8 wen ,"m«& wnM"* dst wj 
nsa T1« Tt toxn ;ynynn ,opnrnyj33i8 
ywiyzyi oin t^fi* ,iysnytr w d*m b*3 
— pwwrt w 08ii nya^x nx- BT8? nisfa'B'-n 
pn njtt^ii a>j "n3ia„ nyn oniiu y^r omen 
-n*i8 "=18*1' V* Btyn38n oy ?o*-*pawniB f"J 
•yn"8 K.H pa aiuyipnyjis ^yi nya^N* ^^pm 

y^« p,» unjni o^tNi^a b^j ^nyisa wh 

pn; d,pjis lytyn ks ,tMKT "*wq-„ "iyn 
^■"Tnjn pM-njnwB ynyBysc s dh^k »a 
■tsnpK nxD ytonyi ya^^j iu iy dws^e 
b^mn "iji3m "tin tk r c^nK lynym doip iri 
njs^Din p« xo^ ,jy^ia pa tvn^s kh nu 
^lav^a div n« ds;v, ".|^visi m P ,x " i ^ e 

iyrn jin ,ti?^8J 8 iw^t jy-PK an« 

PS 5«JT0 8 D"»11iM IBH'K ny]8pnyD8 8H 
tyi>8 nnni ;tw5 p^p p« -18^83 ^vw~ 

-8?83' , DB„ y^Hp8 RH f 11»8n)MD^ JM^T'.K 

•lis b>3 iy2y^yn8TW8Byn: D«n ",y^ 
pn .8pnyD8 px imi D^yp^iiBjy pnsnt" 
ya"^ toay^njn pw pn^H iyax~ 8P , iy^x 
yjHjyBr-DDa^yt 8 tn« yixna pN ,vqw 
;yo i-yp x^ . , >Dn8a-nao8P"y^8J8 , v8rL"H^ 
-xa «n fy^ewo'ihR usr st^s pi# 



nynyr r»K yaxna jrtyn ;y-y£D:y-ya •$ 
ay B^n ansaji^Q .ti wii ."xt yiy-rw- s 
iin pk iy>p^tDi8 yn ,,_ x px my^pny 
npy/n dvo "^r u/i'oaMBwa r "taB>ipnst, ( 
ny; D2»vi — iyoaxc^yc^v, yz-?Dy yaxna 
.lytsestJ'jyo^i r ;y'a m*s b>k ,x ~v a"fi 
x^i p8 ,b^ ojnwp^B iy^ ^y^a 8'v ^8^ 
yoma PS iw o::y-,a jyo tffDKD^t >y^ 
,insm i8^P b^j r^8 iwo (fyp ^yoyB^-xB 1 ^' 
Ijovt iv px ,18^8: x }'no8 p« r»n 38v 
D" 1 : ~i83 Qi"i8"i T^ SJW T* -iv^'vx: x ;yn^x 
■nyDJ8'5"S"iya px jyj^B^j fyrn ^nx tptip 
pa lyDaxiDya swne ytyn ^n -'x .ajni jye 
^XMi ^8 jyn p« .idwwtjmpb' ay": t:xj x 
^^ «j»n ,*iyry? ny- oyi* ,iynyv, anjiufi 
ts^'pi'Mli x uipn y;8"a ytn T8 ^yr-yr-x 

•VW WTJIWS P8 8" T31X 1MB 
* * * 

-ya "o'njia" ayn lyt'niya iv a^TJiyav 
vi* ny:rT jxn ti; lyj^r fyi'8 T8 ^aiob'Vi 
-^X3i8 t"T jy^yii »»t ;yii ,yBayn lyoipya 
"yvaM ix t)8" ,ljrvit a^8 jyaaoyp jim on 1 ; 
,3n-ya yoRiyj /'naia" ayn pa nyDynonya. ny? 
o,pmyjB ,, V« pn8" v: p« 33'i^oMnye x *mx 
nyta^aniS «h m^ii dij *itm axn ,p:xny; ayn 
-ya nyi't n8a p^M yr sj»m jyaxn nu -yjyr 
Ijnyii B'naya nu tjrpn iy>yp ,, ir8 ,:r,8^na 
^iM^naya wi„ : iyvmp p8 r p»5« "^t n^*n 
jyn^x ny-i yaxt 8n t^x isn^M nm pa 
nyj px p»a nxj' r>8 pi8ny; nyn ".Baa^yr 
tyDBnny2 pa M&oyjnya 1 ** f op''rwww 
-ya 8H„ : BCW3KD ly^^D^i^xr px rx' 
^■vi ysxr 8Hi t\s. nyc^anx nyn atfit»ne 
."BDa^yt nya^^-x 
TM SMjtn ,Bnynyj ayryn a8<n ^M 13M1 
B'j B.ny: ormni : yax-a x>n oSiyiMJ'yj ^t 
Basso dtimii r nyB^n &~\v p»« "njia,, ny- 
ny B38T Dmxr, ,bi^ tyits»JkSS ayn b^: ny 
"?!^j«m B3'3;"8nyfi '■v'W; ny^iyn^,, :w: 
•\sm b s : ny osin o-mw rijwni 18J V* 
-yn338P "y^8:8 , v8:- , x:x , vx:^yorx,. iv~ 
? lyBa^x-vxa- yi"-'x ps 'it 
oxn f B3jyii'pyn8P iya^ny; D$upi wn 
"318 8H jyr»iwa &8^p p'x b v b nyanj bSmii 
.yD8n:vs:n2 "iyv;x; nxn pa j>^«#5 
x'n nya^N jyD^^BL" isms n-x- axv iv 
lyn-x ;y2xn is p,x ,ix^'x; x pa a^n^o 
jyB^nBC (yja nnx- osni iu ?b ,, 3dd yryn 
rx |«i -X' • B': ttt "TMTiSB' x ;x^X"'t t*M iv 
jyi'x T8 pM s x* ,tS3jn Bxn "":*a„ njn 
px .ayp^y^Bt."^ y s x b^b ps^vx: x [yj-«T 
namM p*s nyn px 5ye"iiv i^ayrw W 



238 



t&SJlp'IX K"H 



30 



TYVpft ySAtM Km D^«fi |KTI ,0:5/ JJfttf STT B>yil 
PK IJWK'H KH .WnS IK'S ^OWN IttSW 

tinyn f tjwe"i cia ixnjm <n jyn apvwdk 

"8P DnXi liXTMjl lytMttttOPBijnfi DnN tJiJi »t 
fxnxrrt «p**woa pa ly-pa «h p,« ,T.yp^sB 
t^WT'a ,tt*i,n.ypnaa .jyTa Dna bo iqu 
pa am lypn^OL" ?jpo pk KPnp&tt pa 
-$n pa ,-iy^na Sye ra oy ^n* /rasteri 
nyiapnyDa \yrvx iyj.8Pny»x kh \yi"i 

.nvy-in 5a5 
pii tk ,tny5p~iy Wjtfi dkii tx ixn 
-o»n pia ,ijn*H yts»5na. {ypx pncn jy5na 
p»p rx .11 .t .« tyriK ywH — tdbSp 
-"Hiis x px .lao^iniyo nets wn lyiyiy^p 
t^k ,DJ^t:yn^y2 Dixn D#n Dan "tk„ Ty» 

OXfi Dip JDphtfD 5"IXP Xm TBnMA 1 ^ pv 

oyDpian ^ii»p mjytMWJ t^J tiujnuaojn ps 

ra r ^^w ww'tp-M is ynaiay5y nyt33SB 

jliD DTllK IXMP K»! DiXIll J*5l$OB> T>8 N ti 

,i'K 8 pa pa^as a pn ai^a i,yp |y» .tyra 
x pa lyjaipnyoa j'a ,*P'8 a px wn a 

:Wi\ inyj TOi85 

-KTuaama yjB"DD'>»^ijiD Stou a c ^a 
.didpk^vs D>n "ilia,, nyi DQnypy-i ,jxcs 
iytoD^'p^ .an ra jyayj is nyaa tid tyc 
>yis dpjib jy^ysyso tyryn pa lyrn 
.start "iii2„ ixn ."njia,, "iy*r urn tjw»j^5 
o-ijnaa ny jynmaj r Hjrcg3 8 irw«t jyva tik 
p« ny iw* ,iyra Iks s/tMjjn ytaja'sa; 
ixnpK an ,jyTK xh pe £"no a "to i'jtbk 
- iiafoin pa ^5 ,ty5na pa lyirrxn own 
axn tare" 5a 182 .{jrpa yman* an ikq 
p^a tt iyno yjy s ,nsnn p^p 'nun,, nyn 
pa .yo3jn y^iaia^aj ny"t ipibbbppd'w 
s tyj"t jyn^a ts #fa& iy ts^&n o«t p»n 
iy »5"ni3ix 0"t lyD^iis nyn pa p» t^^a: 
«h .lytayD^aJ'a^aJ yiyny^iya fina »t 
-uaoB' oyr pa ona T'lx inyi fyDo^'p^' 
^t na^ ria'sai x jyrn \yv& t« ,t3pjie 
iy^n ja^ai o^a tx ,jy.iKt pa iyo ,r n lynyj 
iyi^t "? is .tana n* *3 ,i v 'fai wyvrau o^ «t 
,1»V3jBriB p« iv ,|y^ia p» is ,-ij^Di.n px 
iyTK "t jyj"T ^snya^ — apnyoa pa w 
l.jn>K o^a p.a ,yn» : y-ia »i jy^n ^snya^a 
yTDjna *wi oiyn->» oaiwy pn o>j »t tyjyp 
ry» toni> : di^ ijwaa^ on is tynip "t p« 
inyt jy» tid ",yi,ana-jy*n\, an tyry> 5^n 
nysigj an |ia |yn»K y^a iyi^crsnya is 
■<»9a fyayp ly^at "t t.k ,jma aia una tD^jni 
.y i d y "i s t n p 0*3 ^a iy~pa »,a ijya 
ry^ia^sa] on pa x^a pnjynyjDna 



ia,s y id 3 y n y 5 a J a * s a . > pa wifun 

? "njia,, njn m^iw onan .lyn^a 
i^p «t jyi"»n nyna ria^aJ a tJn>» tyi 1 ^ 
Dteb ,1x^x1 p*p ijyj^t "T pni, ? j^sa: 
|y>"t ,pyn>a x^dd "nua,, jia y&arw^i& an 
ma ]vn dt^5> anan ja^sai a a 1 Tyas »m 
? 553 oyii pa Dm,a 
a pa rjjniwniMp y^^ia.5 an r^a o!al 
iyaa onyji' vpk jyn .yoa~ua~)3 y^aia'sa: 
is tyto'naias T» n 1 ** °tid ijian ,10^11. nra 

..jynipnyiTa a 
is na5P 0^ "wa in^a onyD^nya nynao 
iy5xt to urn ,i,y3aipnyn jytD^fi^ n* dwi 
is toDyn a jyB^n ra'saJ o5a \jrvx tk f jyaKt 
jy5yn ,^n naa yoajn y5iai^S8J linyiiaa 
: ly^tD^i an tyi&&"2. o5a lyjanyj to 
jypn jy^D'H tx ,d^j n^ya^'iis nyi^p 
nyi pK jyrn fytDBM^jyo^i y5a ,18^81 a 
yiiw |yay5 apnyna pa .rDiw^a 
an ,n T i,y5i8T Diiaii ,r.ywi la^^D y3>5oy 
iriiarw ,^nyiaa ya^ytn fy^yoB' jyjyp wi 
-yj na oy lynx ?iJ85on pa jyn^x an am 
an jy^mya 1s yujnc yTy v "i jy5y»B' is iu 
"y5a38 v S83 nysia: in pa DyDmioaa 
T»t oyiT DDHJ13 nyoDyD".rii "iyi .yO'sniais 
.D3jn D^D pa ,iy3x5DM8 psnyi 
typ ,xpnyD8 pa ddip wwi a tyn 
".us an pa ayi^a «ma ytoayn tyiynp ny 
typ ?an pa ,^d^t a toa^^a iy nyia : iv^yn 
~\yiy 5y^a a>ii ytD3jn 5ya nt« jyaynp ny 
iy nyia ,1385 yt2"iw5nvs a pa nyiDyia 
lynyii pi.tr iy tid tan nxi pyii^ a tnyn 
.nyjapny^a t'a lynyn ti» ny ^d^i cik 
;yay5 ly^to^T an is Dna w: nip t33a» oy 
p» ina 1 njyT*i» is ,mynnn is nin.^ , » j^a 
jyjyp ,tyu'tD^H tya^^a «t i5a3 vn\ ,"n.a5 
pa ,yiDyi3 .am Diyua osiiitDy pn c: «t 
,yi»yn3 ona jynjni. jy5ni «t am ^yiis? nw 
»jy^D"i onx tynyn «t jyTii: 
-iyi px ypm "iy3^*aJ jyj"t tjnpa 
>n pnnixii onp .nia5 jjny px yja> nyai^yt 
D5a ytaayn tyaynp tm »»t iy:yp ^ynn^ d5x 
,yn»yia pn is lynynana >n ty^ni ,ynDyia 
lyTiD »t ^yi^a vf is jy-iynana »t ?yiie 
,0*3 T5TO81 DD«n Dai ^jn^^Dcoa vt 
tk ,n^ M»ta oan ,i'idi^ ^n lyTiD jyTa Ta 
Ta ,pna 5w pa tnio is jyiynona |yna "t 
.n .T .a tyn^a t*jn^n us tyiynana jyTio «t 
jyj*3n oyi W lyiyn ^na ts^ apnyo-a 
»in,a 58dj"8 n« tt D5ya^ \m isni .lyaojy 

BBnVlB T"K fJjTCPfrV TX ,0P3iail8OtJ' DtJH 

iys3a: njn pa lyoD^^a^saD an lan^ /'yaar 



31 



-Ji2 pa yo*nj$pe ^«jyx«j NH 



239 



nnyr -sa p.; jyjyp drii pk "^y^R^PDS,, 
,BWVH»ne ya^yr. ?jyn ,, R d?r lyaaRinya 
r>- nyonR ,ms^p yftpvyeo jd^ii 
-«a y^vyao y3>yv, ? "ni»>ip„ !»h.»^ 
? iys r ;»rnvaR »t tyaj^n jyoynyea^R yfoaqrer 
.jynyntMy "naia,, nyn tid simjn d^ 
: jmk~& rh s^s \%o iv ca naa bra dot n» 

,tMRTya RP1 f fl3TW ,tR'¥RJ 8 IJTR |M«t IV 

,poyv Dnyaaaynya urns jyaRna yryn 
-r; r rwn tyTR tr pv ca jys jim ynsna 

•t^v 

"RC RH ?)PR "1112,, PS JAW'TOM RH 

P'p Dan THssoy P s ysR-uRns yt^sDHR^v 
rh d-o jyj^n jynaystysiR kh .ca niDnyv 
-"T diot .naR r ;Dn px jyTR "i« Kit ,yatyT 
ny"T *ihr ly&tftPtes&iMta yDs^D^ya \y: 
-"D jyaasyp -\yp5vz yryn pK yHSDHyt: 
iv .D"p:m:yD£>"DD2^yT ny"t nsa «0"Kii 
rh t^a -uja ot pr ,s^a iv sayn iy3«n "T 
rpiR BjrwHjya pp ays siesrp nyn .yasna 
nyn ; lyteyrR jks>5*b ipr ,y>»wmmj© 
-py y^nsmR-iRa yryn tk ,nyaR pph dpre 
-a"R jyaRn jysDH^vRD kh pr btpodm 
"2 .Sya'R jnyay^P dot jyaHpyaonR nsa 
i\OTiKS yS&aR^VRa yD>yrt$ ny3R jyps p/tr 
,jynyv tyBHyaopnR T^DaH Deny y^vc 
-yvysr ly^ysi" ;yayp iv nyna*j bar 
■jn nyopR ,jyaonyniRa y^a^^s: y 
l»p DftKwanjr ttfa#n jy-pR kh .jnyu^ 
rs^ nyn ps i^as ,ynRfcHjyD y&Dttapys 
yjo^K p» nu sytriR^Rs x »»t jya>p 
",nyp5>ya ty^niv p^rb r„ |ya"t «t .snystr 
.»5jrn nyvaxa nyn *ipr d^pv jik D^Teenye 

* * * 
nypn tr ,\va*5w jys jyp Dy>R oy^ pa 
nys nm nonyn s^a pk tt"TO» *\yyj«a 
Din\ •D^pa^DynD pi» y^anyay pa ajnjwiB' 
ya"^ ,vmv^ vx nwfiDn p« s^nya ty-p* 
.»»j nap lys^v, f yDDyn nyan^a 
|yayp lyi^K ,"nar2„ nyn snays ,nya^ 
« lya^n tyjjni "t ,yr ,yD3yn iiyjnp ma 
d"»j iya n r lyn^K aa-s^ k^i ; db.s» jnjrwwya 
"T dkii ,ytDDyn kh v>»bh jy^yn ,iyvp>iMn« 
.nya^s i'oik pm rysiipya jy^jn* 
d^c ~^a pw tDpy»{5> dot r njT»i» snyi 
S'D sn pw spysc' dot .onynast D^iisy 
cd pw DpysiB' dot ^lsPD^syD^sax 
nyi ,tK$ ^y^a ■»«« .n .n ^spx'^a-'sas 
\v | y ^ i n t9 1 v i * "• p D>a dkh "naia,, 
r ni3^Din p« aaiaynya jnyj^^.i^upun Kn 
iy^jm tj^pvi^inan y^v^o rh n-RJ ^'W* tn 
-jn> »m |yv. f ysayn p Y P jyrnp D^a tmpn Rn 



„.,.., -;. :J . ;: . >c-,«vy; jy<2 ps ,spr,aiaRRDB' 
DRn DiniD "lata,, ny-Ti jyTR y^x jysinyasns 
wn pa D3s^ ny .^n® s^a dot ';p*, jik t^: 
jya^r tyn>« :n .jyaxr »t dmii lysD^N'p^v 
jyn»R drii y-N-a n^ dv^d^ ny .y-syia 
.ynsyna \"? s'; ;y; , ' , ,;^S'/ ,naR^Din p* 
: ^ynBcnynm ntx is oyn nmn jysip n^c 
pw fyn-^R ,yaya^x jya^t nas^Din px jjn^R 
ps lyi^x ,yjyj"R \y:"i Rpnyss: 
,snj>"- \"k s^s ,n."npa8na j>k ,naR^s^"i 
,V2vr'n "t iwm fjyjJUjai "i ikit ^snya^ 
-yn iv iya^T y^»"« yayny^t^nya wi nOT 
Is^na^N yafiRj r ^R'vsa p^R d^v nya^yr 
ps iyaiOT "yjyj^R,, y>» ytyn px 
yjinti'ywttiDaftyi jyaasypDP^R na«i5 uny 
! ysay-i y^RjR^sa 
lyn^N ?r ,iys^Rn lysD^'p^v rh tyii 
nya^ymyni iv »i jya^n ^R'vsa p^r jyj^T 
;?< --T lys^Rn "ti ,na^a ppsa^vs: k d^v 
--N~s y^T« rh p k s i^^a^yn y»^TR Kn 
"iyE iv "t lyay-isc jn^a ym nysaix -lyas^v 
-y- -s>yn iirtiitt nyn pia jyn^x y>x bjjpjuh 
w>: d^rh pr tR^a^yn rh txrvshwa "naia,, 
•ja'^a D^v, — jyaR^VHOTD ytj^TR rh ps 
ya^yn ? u^nj^R y^ax^vsa pn nsa DiTr 
iyn^R rh jy^ysL" iy jyp aanyiRB y^y^vyaD 
iyn pa jyrN s ,_ p^s n Y R ? IR'vsa d^r 
-a^sy; jynrs jyaRn rxv .s>yv nysas; 
r rnn n ,rrrtpK) s r >w x nyDPW Dyz^saNL- 
_, « s 1 ; ? p*w"ht nnos n p» anic s 
t?n pa ^z"?2 drv px ^taaynHyjn^a |y~ 
■ys^ r , ~ ,-OTai" rh ? aai-y-N£ y^Rj^v«a 
-ya tv fynns rh nya,« Dnyw nyv ?niDOT 
iy"t iy^p'vsay iv p.R yevsv ny^T jyvi; 

f T3*$D"n PR I^BiR PR 0>"PI V, ;, -:r IXMOIPO^ 

siysL" nyn ?ysay- pn "ir: jyaRr »m irv 
yaHayD 6 ;yaRn iv p-r ,_ v; pu ;yn^R rh 
yaxp s^s ynynsii^nea y^H-'R 4 pr [yajTD^v 
. y s VJ . p,p ^^yaaRD-^yaa^s ,iy:RsaRr- 
? lyDRi jyayn y^>R cd jitR nca nra cs 
-ysi" pb"TK r jyaRn iv ot "t snys^ njm 

"R^RS-'D^ jy^H^R R D*D p^niRV, RPT ?yD 

s^s ,yssRya-DRD^ y^H^R s^s ,(RiiR^Ra) 
;y--y vt »i snyDc nyn ? »*sf , ^jfi ycH^R 
r RamR ?DynjjRp pR nysynsnya yu»H^R 
|yTR rh n^a tyaynacnya Day^^s^Ra R'~ 
*n»K y^yvyaD oniR ly^ys^ «i ,iypna y^R 
■^n nRaRt jyayna^nya »t ^ysynsnya y:- 
^aR ,naR^on pR lyn^R rh trb jyoiyaivaR 
drvi s^s /n nRB iys'Dr ma ly^Rt iwk 
si,, nyt^H^R nyn tnytMJ^i rt^r r- Dnyn 
ytj'H-'i* rh nynR r nyDp«r.R3-">RaR ft v 



240 



BSJlplX K"H 



& 



DXP VQ2VV '1TB V^Wl tJH>K KH D«P 

y^B^^'s: o'paia,, ayp, wi tMp bx 
-axp iwy& *w« IV tnrpaya "y»8Pi.«pB 

.nyvipyo 
ta>a xt^b taPxr wk wj"t ya^yn no 
-as t» n>x iiTN ojm jsaw wi iy»ya 
yap>n pa yjojneBmirwi *pw lyonm? 
,iytaaxp&ya t3*»j dxp taPxr p,n*x jr»"? 
-aix n*n ^a^aix iwi jnyt r5x pppb tayn 
ijn tubs* mi ,tyasr i,yp iy» ,T«3b5Mfi 
ytaayp jftgjg'VBa d 1 : .px tapais pyviBJ 
.jjfcDyrjjjtwjjD nia jjtipk t^ipya 
"t tyno /ytaayp j^Mjrtaw unjrwjffl »t jwi 
-xa y^» »*» sisdbp x tput Bm^nsnijB pn 
,-ijray5 yte px> ,ttfjrii pyvaxa iyi ina tyax^v 
-axa "iin pa lye-BJ y^fc P« Bpytaitj> jtf>8 pa 
,IiWHP «t fyayp ytaayn wvwd .ttfyii nyv 
jnjnaB o» fynsn* ty^jni »t ;yn 
y5x pisi ytDjDjn nn imd ryaa»yp puipvju 
tyeaoyp "T fyn ,txn pij px jm px jyiBoyo 
.Dax» x un** tw"t ,jr>8 two jy»xnv 
•l^n spy 



tsi^Ti "*uia„ "un .pn IK© jysiBKjyp wi |jr? 
Dip ,t^D*Tjn *pt Dpnw ^y ,ew8 p»a osp 
yw mw mw pa d^ir pyax ^t od^p 
nya'x ny ayno ,>hk r« Di*n urn pixi 
nx oy 5"yi ^"Vjya pM tosbbv* »ann 
ljn^« njn jMwnspa sh„ : jyaxr iv sp5&b 
yoppa xh ."taaa^yr tyrx pyii yaxr xn px 
-"aix pyp aawnaya kh„ tx r o"nrvi»i 
xp apyii "lyD^aivS pyp yaxr kh ftH pyo 
iy:yp -yD^aivS kh .DD^pacD ^ssj^k 
tw^ "ti p« p^Vi ,iy^naya p^x ^m yp#v 
pya^ p^K ISTPK »h ,t3aBPp p« oa^D 
"t jyj>"t p^« ^m ^y^naya tD>a -^n tyjyp 

Tni ,"pJia„ iyT p^k d»jlt ,t3n"« Bn 
m tp\ ty^yn "t pni ,ysayp \w~\p i^p nia f»5 
-yv, iy^D ; "inw^HDW jr3-y>"K \'» jya 
ypy^r |ySyvi ,^opsa vm rya^p ca »'t ty" 1 
Di"o dwii .pysBS I'a^ix iya«5a ytaayp 
-w xn k^ii Djn p$a rx ,tta-"D d>?p ? Dtp 
T"x ay ya^yii iyaaoypa ,, s i-yfym pyto^a 
»j D'fi'Wi tteny jyT'B kh iy$sm yoay- 
lytDanp khi ens [yaanyp « tya^noB iliytip 
jyjin nyax .ty^yp^BJ^^VBa xnjn>» pa 



<na 




coeaipis «n r« n^a k 



P'k .pyn^Dy>^pa-pna«a jypyn »t iwi 
"t k :,, ii .ryr^iiya iv anya^s t^k ay py«n 
pa fyaaiaanya y^a sn pynaix pn ijniypiay 
_, k Dniyj ^ayn x jyv, ^a^ippya^ ,iyay^ 
p»K pa ,v~)p lya^taax^^yry; t"« tia ^2 
yt^iioayay^ pn mni .pyias t« iv d»^p 
-ay > vi i ta •> a pn ta^a jycaya Dpyii 
.pyopxpxa pn ttn a , p 
.lypta^-aa^^'pnxpa h p!?xa x^v, ,pa 
-ypay px jypp^ntaay pyan pn lypyv, ya^yn 
'V p>ix rya^a dsp — taaaipiv pyp px typ 
WBm jy^yr — diot^8>vu© papyaaya s^p> 
.taaxc^yrya »h tb tyaaiaa^pyaDayay^ y«a 
aanypay kh taaxr-nxpya Dpyn ay d^v, ppn 
pyp pa ?y- tap^Pa d^ii xd ,nytapsnxa .pa 




"ix |yaip$a p« anayp'" 
tx ,ay- \v:V)\ Svpq 
"Una x t^k ^ayo pyp 
■y»w ^ pa Bpn 
,D"V pyp pa ,aaia 
,taayp iv v&jrwvx 
jyry^iyaax v* axn 
-pyry; xh ryv, tx 
lypyv, ,pn typjnay fiirwa&ty\x vttQBisw 
-\x px ^xnx'» ,jytaanax xn wniyy: tik 

.jytj'ayD pa ,tV3n 
-•"Yx ypytaix pxa ix wyi y.Mv^v xr« 
ya^yri ,py°ia xh ,f»y^a^^a div ,taD.pyi .\yi 
pa jyanyaax ^v % 2 px invn r^x finyn 
.ta-xtaL" px lyaynnya ryiyn tix pa«5 i^n 



33 



EBJlpTC "iyi pS p<72 « 



241 



■J1K rh ,"8w»«ar« xh twynRn jyo ,pij 
ya^yii .nitpsj y:rnyay5 y^x pa yt»3»5p»^ 
r'T n*» *iy:ny 5y*s ^rj ttfy&B>y:nyn jyjpn 
-WDya nnMj£ ir: ...ya^yn »»r r jm»not^m 
-"p tya^yn iro r ,yjR^ iy"t ryjyn jjnyi 
■ijra*K iy tr ,pn win dm 'rttor Dyn iy: 
wvnn^yitfyr, tan \yiyr, t»d«5 ,B2pnB 
.•>DpRn nyranRa-iiDR: 
iv t^^niyjy^y; *n »«1W a*n tx„ 
y^R spiR n« D'Rna ytfni ^xmy^x tymy.T 
"TRDyeRia u%n ,D"rMya-iR-nya pa. lyaiw 
a«n ^ik ;jj^Dsnys x *pir D;Rry; ^op^n 
nny» lynyryj dm an:y;v: px ^R» p'P "wax 
nnyo ,yrx^DMMaRn nnyD f yj3H8^Wj:M 
■uy-DO'R pk r^ii yDp^jjiRiya pr jnjj#y 
mjrj /ny-i^n nyi ^triibr ?y~ .?r-jjs5 pa 
no f ?yeywjR Tt DiTR bju^jti dj? n^ii oyn 
wajfi ryv^x; p»t twa px ,BnjHJin "wp 
-^njjto nyn ens "iyan dm £rd p*p ny rx 
pn Djyt3Dri^r ^r*i iy axnj/a ^rb jyjH 
ny .jyay^ wwtswooaftn r d*wb ,"tr„ 
ya^yii pa .jhpwd p*p dm DjyDDJM^n rx 
;cs*:xip 5y^a nrx Be&nfewtww triyn ay 
PR .d.tx dm MnniM yaay^ rh ftntfw 
-d-mr d^rv, to fyn ,n»R ayi T'R ;rt TR 
tyi^n r pa jyay^ njn fyfrijni iv fybippg 
d5>ru ,TJaroD»K pa Tws^srw p»H pa tjtt» 
x no tyay? ayi tyfrryn lyoiya oniya tx 
■yj tMRTyj iw"t nyEnuni kh hrj (*".rjn£ni 
rx ,tw«e jyp jyo p pvnv fjnrap b»» tyiRii 
""US rh p© y:x!? xh in oxn fyoyTiyDJiR 
rywna ansi iww t>x .Diyoyaiya lyw^a 
-#d ya^oy »io btousi dsh lya^yr, ,^xa x 
•Dyz dx tr-inDDi^x lya^yn px pmv dx: 

(»ira Dt5"pnwryi) "no^yn ix n^a,, 

-jyo ?y^ym ,|,y^ay^5;cnx [yox^ya tax" 
i^sk lyvrya »m tx ,aynx ntx jjryn jyt:* 
-y^ax: tb ry^nxvya w o^ya nxs x dm 
Da.x: yvjxM x^i lyjjixiivy: \vv^ px ny; 
nyix ?yax; x>7 nya^x ?yay^'iVDnx r' 
jjrunts rh ,,( a ,wno rh iyb:ix lyox^t-" 
-pysarx i'it Dp^yjcnix dxh jyb .r, .r .x 
lyaxn »t PR tDpnoon p •• r px D'Trd 
.lyjiayaciiR ajynxo inix 5 px 1 iyL'^ViV 



-78 i»3»M '"wyiy jtji^ind own,, ?j?BS'ty (* 



.7!' 



-jy "lyDpxixa D'wjyo ayn tx ^JiDB^nya 
iMiTjra xn pa Da'^a drii ?d » J in D*iy-r- 
-^yry: i^-'dd^r^rd iyi pr rx ,iyj3io 
-jitt&nnya ,"-\y^vw fyttnyn »yii Da.x.{^ 
■i»xp-yTy';^y-i yr^x^x Rn px ?«n ,>v: 
lyny^D^ rh fyaRn ^yitfup wnvDv 
t» xm ^"wne y^yn^iH^R mny; •_•: 

? Di'y 1 ay ;ynyDw">-: 
^jyc ~y~ rx ,r!?x iy'n:ytD iy:w: yiyrr.x 
~:y ~yvpir\K2 pn Dc^n dx~ ,i";yo Da---z 
iv fx ,«t tyDy 1 ^ Pia-y- pr ,tr; ^r Dim 
-yj iy^"'DD^x , vxD "lyr px rx ,iyD-.x:--y 
-ay-; -ly-iyay-i; ^ya x jytnyn Dyn ddr*^ 
■so "iyix :yay;nya »m -d^x Rm diot^drb 
«» lyaxn d v ^ x rx ,^-uyDy;-ya -v -yr 
Dpnxia x lyi'n ya^yn ,ry^jyo d^d jrhdiv 
ny^^DD^xD'axp lyrcvn "iy*r pB 
-"iya nya^x ryDan:x jpwr D'a jj^nnR 
-ya jtbth o»o ^rhrd pR n>»fT»nB ya^jyr 
"1^1^!^ ?yv. ,vim iv tj'jyo pa lyjjirrv 
-y px xr,L" a^x ryiy-Mx ny 1 . DyDax~Dya 
drv, ,qy3«« d?r r DJinipJ;Rp c^x D^xaay- 
-■-nivDnix D^n:y;y^y; x *i*w ir: dirii 
"3 ^id pa Dma tycia iyD^y? Dyn \yo 
wiyn tDBR^^yrya "iyi pr tyv, ",nan„ pn 
-y\, :p» ^r.ird rh tyv, ,nnnR y'riDR dm 
?yonyj jyo 5yn"D nyi px ^n irb in 
Danmya^x nn^x Dayp xt. ..."y-iy-:x »n 
,ryv^RD^ ,ry:M:ynax:ix r^x ry^nsmy 

■TQ'p pb tx ,nyDPx^xr jy-jyay^D a 

"jy» r D^yviRV.ya^R t:ir px trum IX D"n 
iy-i px ,D"n ny~ PR jD'iDT'RRjy ~yay-^:yr- 
DVJX^a pnaxa ny- px F yan\p nyi px ,y-L- 
"j ijynDnyD J'1>k yz^^^ax r:ix px p^x ;yo 
DJ^y^ ?y» .y^Dayc px ya"~\ s- iv ^^d 
~5\iyi fy^RiDiya iv ,axraiRny; pn tv mix 
pa tiR ,r:iR WHjnfi ?y- ,]y~"? ]"\$ nnv in 
.yranx PR ya 1 ^ Di-myny; jyaxn- ir ra'\s 

.yDrnynys px iwsnyr, 
t^r ir D^mrp pa 33i?Bnpny'a xrx "2 
m d^c jyDyno m Drx H iy- rx .nxnoiwn x 
?tr: r'-ixa iyin , i: vi dtx^ iyo ^'•b ya^vioB' 

DM DD1P jyo : "X-: ^M D^yDL" : myD 1RJ 

PR tyay^ ya^yn rh iv ,yy?r^: rh vv 

Ti« jy^n t^R£ PR aiDpi^ pr ,j»tt^'n 
■rd D,yn T»a tt dm,, : "M D:xr jyo pr 'na 
-"'nyaa'^; pr Dax f -"iyn j«t ryn .didt^r^v 
".D^n>na "iy^x pa jya^nya ay~ d^d njyD 



242 



taanpix k^t 



34 



-ytnytaaiK pn tya jyiyuy ,yn8i^ma nyi 
ly-iyoyanya "t .rypnaKB hh pk yas^ y^: 
ytyn .jh*0 WDSpKpy pn isn 8 *PW ^ 
-lyprcyaaiKi in t^pdk-j tya$n jyDiTpna 

pk lyn^tDy^is Din ins: ntnyii [yoTia 
5<vii ta^rma K-1 Tin mtx ta^a rMSW *iya"p 

PK ,D«fP»TB KH ,K»T— fyDD^S^UD "PD 

w: nyas ?y>s dis tyt^n x Pi5a raiK "a 
aaiaaHpa yetny w pk xn .xaia^ys d^k 
"i»Oj yt!"t3!j;tjpy lyaiyiny is 
.aaiMnya ytDBny kh p.k Kn ,d ■» ■> n 
PK pwantt tyayp t>o ya:?yii -vyoaiK 
tik t s n «n ;tyy-px nyraiK ly^nasnya 
-ay» dd»d vi'iyv, vuwnya yenny x^ 
is pk i3rm*»rnji is tt W'aiti kh T" 
-ypmnyDaiK yiy^t way; inynya x ryaxn 
^d^kd^bkp "iy~t -iy&aiK ix- .lyB^aDPK pk 
-"n nxa t?mp5b> jy» iw bbwippi W'D 
-iK pa ya<K>> yft/nytSKD sh tynyDyanya r: 
D"rr»ne ye^B^sa k^ DPia k^ii ,-iyB"a 
B^BBnyanya pKDy nyii tyn ptfa.p't d*j 5*t 
,'na px awnasaiK pk .rayBonpy p»t 
B^a Tt btx^ s na pk ay -iyn "lya^ynyT pa 
.jypnTiyBaiK D»a tt btx^ ,?y"ppaxTB 
* * * 

kh d^t 8 ts iyt«? y?"mjn -pb«£ "uja 
■^a„ ynrpK b^o Daw5yT!ya y«>u»»Swfi*p 

iy^iy» k-h r*n ,tyBaK-iBya voitf pk "iyp 
-hm»*pw in pa "©ns$peni/e w pn ntfim 
.BBSB^ytya ija»»eD^ip»ii» nya 
pk Byn ya^yn ^"mna ya^sa^K kh 
jyouyais Ba-x^yiya "BNPnsD^iPSijsD nyi 
-"*ia kh pn Byn r *iyB"3-iK ojn "a jyiyii 
>n ny Km pk jyu ,iku ,tyB"anK is o»n 
pa nyapp i"K fyB^a ny fyp bs^k uyinyr, 
oy ny Dyp ,iy"iyiJ8 p^ fins \y5ypo\D y^n 
-yp du D2,8K'5 , yTyj ny^^D^wv^a nyi p« 
sy D^T ,nnJ ry3KW»»K oyi d^k in^o iyj 
-oya — nyayjotD^aiK p»« fya^^a i^j oyii 
nam i«$» "iy ya^yp pa ,oaK^^yrya xh :^5 
tayn iy .*ini^ 8 tik pn ny^Jts^ s pm 
iy «ni p« jyp r jyta^an« fyjyp d^j ipk 
"Wboik,, ryr^ "^u tayp iy -i$J ,ry^yp tayp 
.P^b^dh yo'iiya 8 "ryat^ 
-»p kh t'Twjm ".jmasniRMw,, »n t3$ 
ya^yji ,tyxu kh tanyp d^j pk ,iytDD-^Kp>a 
•tyjpw »am lyayp "lyta^anK ! n , ~- 
iK3 ;«?^8S3 iDi^KDaK pk »«»n?iya yty 1 - 



4 pk ly^arK 46 ,ty>na 184 ,-iyiyo 1563 tn 
■ya is o^Ti B'fi 1 tDKTKpa u'o tya^n -iys-i^c 
■yj»nK "^n jyaxn p« nyay^ax: n^a jy^mja 
-jpi iyts5»p "in pw jyDx; *n p« ryaynb 
siK "nsjjia h t3«;n ^mpt oxn ^x: .naxj nyn 
uyTPta 2 yiy^ cpix tk f t5jyay"iyjDPK ,£%>?] 
i^bk w>2 ^Koiya'DK'ti lyj^K boip ,iKPiys 
pi^a pk dsT' tK ,o^ dj«b .D^iya ya^tay 
■nya .tnjse tk r pn nyan oay-p nn^K ,;n~i:k^ 
■p: nya^n lyr^iK i^bk pk niaonytaya ,p^ 
yjpm ^yiK vn^&Kia ly^yuns Dyn pi^' 
kh dk tk ,nyTy^ nyay^ r noK &: .dh^ij 
-t^n^vkd iy:y; pn lyaisn ni»ta ynyay^ 
--••na tyn lyn^iya jyjyp "t ^m ,did 

,lKi -i? jy^ay: nyto^aix sfa o^a iyaK 
•is iva^pjrw KTK pk ,jyaKT taiK tyo Dim 
ya^yrx |ynj^mya i»n iypp oy hokd^ 
}*jk; iyai^ »t dsii ikj o*j ya^yn .nyn^aix 
,n^yi yonKBi^yaaK is: tyaxn >n py-UKT ,ow 
t^k dsii— ptk t^ptp t^k Din jyoiiyMK 
tk .jyosnnya un iyo ?yp ?i»3nTj« pa-ijn 
TB»"annt -lyta^yDB'ynyn-tDDya nin i^a« 
patDBK^nyn kh nytojiK ^:yo ly^na k t^k 
.lyoasnoya dkhspb td^ ik; '^kd^bkp 
.ii-iB pn :r»"n oy D$n 
typ D«n>na y'noK pai nJKD^is k d^k 
nyiy wen .tya^ytK jyoamtaiyQ ikj ?yo 
ty^ppitaiy d n y d w y a ; i k tvp ^ayo 
iy iKP ,yoB]np yr^PB pk ya^DD 1 ^ y>«i 
on rya^-ianyn is D^pa^ayn kh ryaKn typ 
,iyayJ> t^K ufrywv* Vi »^n iy dkii ,5uwr 
"tsw "ijhk nynnyDB' k d^ pk mo »"n kt 
ktk in OToonpy .ty^asnoB^o yrn tb t? 
nyr pk tDyon^-Kta yopij kh "ikb D^n^na 

-an BBpmya^K tyn ?y» ryp kpi !p'3 ^k» 
-Dnpy ysj^j owarn .lye'jyo k *na -ikb ?yj 
,nyiJ8 P'K pa ty^p an pa bk aaoyn, ny» 
,BBK"iP"DD^aiK p^t lyappnya no nya^yii 
iy ?f»w pk n»ts>: un tyo^snnn is dik 
lya^yii ,\ww nyn pa "miwi kh pk taay^ 

JWDD^StD^BS-P KH "».KJ ,tMyp"0T38- tD"l]m 

"Khb kh pa *iyoMBjy:^K oyn ikb .ysyrya 
Ttf k .tsTjnw nip ,p ! k ny ^yD^DJK'spn 

.IIK^PB' 

"ik iyn ya^yn .D^iT.na y^^D^KB kh 
o^o jyDKPS tyaiKiny T» ^kh. dk^p iyD"a 



35 



tasnpix njn p« p^a « 



243 



pw ph nyo^anR nyn tyn .Bassnyn ysr 
*v vi iyoyn va B3ynp ny tr ^p^i utr 
br-br tr ,rynyB'v nyo^R ny no jyanpnya 
PR dr; i'bpr fjanipnwr&t ny oHjni 
-yvjiy >y3RnBny no ny .p»na ins B3"5a 
"&'w rvF^ pr lysurao^ann w«t pa jjwn 
lyB^anR no ny .»ajw'a»nB nynR onyoRE 
;jy33i33Hya yv^y^in yBDHy rh nyB3iR 
tb pr ;nima w«t nya^R ryB^anR tie ny 
ny tr ,5jf»fi ptr nR: ny B3ynp Dy£.R D$n 
?yai»DB^Dn« »»j ?y?RT y^o«s p»t b^o 
,Ir on-R ^a nn B3".n tyay^ wp .iy::)r\ pa 
nyaR ntR B^anR ^yi b-o a^onsa p« ny iyii 
"jtmvryj rw"t nyo^a^R yDRo r rpi 
PR rw 16 tf»an pR 14 ,12 [yo^anR iv iy; 
B"v p»p inyaw b^; 'pro »»t oz^na ,;j$e 
njn ns » ^ .v n s rh b*:,, .jyay^ iv 
un pa 3 J 1 r » * n a y a rh ir; ,b"31r 
■ya /'jyiBoyo rh jyaRo "na oyn BnanR 
p»t PR ■■pdbisp a*Mn n«a brusn Bpnyo 
-^R v^vbr3 t^r oy ".DBTKHjna nyamany,, 
,?y«pjy3-iya yj>Bc<>; i.y;yv, ,urpn w anya 
nr&Y»n nyoiiR pr nyo^anR nyn ya?yvi "iv 
ys"p brd pR oyo'nysnsa b^j nrMWDewR 
.tyo^y: yv oy 5»yB v o 
nyn i^r p»T irt kh oyn dtjtu* rm 
pa oay- dr- .oaR^yry; ny,B»BD^R,iV8D 
pa jyc":y; iv isj ,?yay£ iv nR; b»j jyny 
*yj R" 1 " ,p»r dtjd'tjh b^bprb oyii jyay^ 
lyanR? iv pm ByBa^enys Byn Base^yi 
-b^o ynmR y ^ w pa nyBDnpy kh I" 1 : 
r D^aiR ?hr lya^^a iv pync* niyn ,-iyny^; 
;pjn\8 t^tbrj B^sa .oma ihr bo^ti wn 
ny k^ pyiiR i^r bSrb Dyn o'o jyoRTiv 
ijnj^aiyE b^r pr oy ya^im o'o ,::^vw: 
-^jn^ pr ,pnaRa r pr .y^ym' r twj^np -v 
->rj ,nyB^a*iK p\x tr: ty>: pr nyiy ny^ 
ir,i\ ,fini^' r ,-ian .x viR o^v nya»^j iv 
lyB^anRDPR pr ryony: ?"noxs oyv, -y-y 
oyn ay irii r B^anR -y- ps ;y s y;y- rh 
dir ,y - r 1 i p*p 0"; |jny?n b^vhr"!* 
■\ : -a: ,iyjR^"iva'nR b^rie -nyo drv 
oyr, pnajje rtr pw -?yt:"::^n: 
-y-inRE yL'":yo^ y^s tr ,jy.nRT ^riir jyo 
p»i 5>r? oy .r .1 ,pm B^any ii^rt rwjn 
*ir r^- .aionnyj oi ,, ^o:yr- Bia .p"-. ^or" 
,nyii B^T»pnyia ^a n?R *pw Byn o^vdo^z 
3i3yj~ii'2\s ;«s r:y; iw^aiva'K oyv oy r* 



BRH DRV, :TT Ojy^E ,HOR p»t ^RT RM jyil 

pr Dy ? jyn^nye iv ^aiyn -iyB^3iR ijn 
lyB^aoiR nyB^a^R iy- \yp bj"H tr ,por 
nyaR ,jyny^R ?r «inR lyayaoB^aiR p^r 
.tyoipjR "^rt ny no «? pa ayv^x iv 
•pniojy n Tin tr ,to lya^pi ayn nycnR 
yv^p rh oaR^y^aR pyv, dbdrio pa 331? 
pyn rynBDH3 , R yv:s; pr ,ty33iony3nyo3VR 
iyn drt rt ,^:yn y^^oy pr B-nt:jyv3Rp 

,B^ ^TIRTIDPR V'P VIR R*! BRP! "lyB^aiR 
.nyB'Pr ,DR2 1 - , R vfo3y3"R BRH "iy 

ny3^yv3"R i^ny ixm .aynoyaapnj nyn 
nyDn~i3 r pr y^mr r ni^a t^r nyB^aiR 
"I'jnyny' tr ,0-iyiRE: ,p f j'-Ro nyoTv^aoRP 
b^x rtr pr pr ,?ya PTR |yB"a*lR T 1 o 
nyn p'R .ay Bny-nsa jr^phrie rh rp', 
pa ^tib r lyo^anR iviv onyn pnaRE 
pr Ban3M lyTyn pr p^ro wiyayS r 
iy Rm ,B^yo^y; nyoya b^ irh r vir iy 

-D^RPfRD ""ly^^RI'B,, R pR tf»BK f"l Byil 

•oaR^>yTy; tyc^'B 

lyi "a p^s^dh yD'iws 'R >rt jyo |yn 
b>3 iri /nynR^pt^R d^r jyoaR-ioyaB^a-iR 
.iy^3yo tb D«n»*ifi yj^p BBnmya'R Dy 
nRj Qn,n "lya^yv, ,*irbprt ijn ^y^Bi^^a div 
iv tt ishr ,RiyBR piR iv nmw iv wm5 
•y^M iyny3 tio ,D^n ly-i pr jjtptior 
iv ty33iRiivy3 t^r iRoyaRna ny- ;yp3snp 
y:»T o^v y o * b L- y z r iv lyo^n 
iv ty^yBttnv tio oa^R:nvw"T nyn .yjynBiRE 
.t .r .ry^p^BiR ym o^v y d » 1 1 y 3 r 
_, r Bn^BDnpy B^mna y o 1 n r d a r .v. 

"ISB I^BR TT ly^R' n, lini ,B'3 BBpnnys 

,p^r r3R3 Bays n-ya^yn ,iyK'3yo r jy^yo^ 
onR p^R ,oaR^?yTy; nyn pa Biyn3ny3aR 
•nyaniy: t»k b^h^ie pm .ypnp jsT3>aR-n 
oj^n .RBiJ "iiBRj r>i ps opjyi^yz jyDRC 
!ia iy^3 r iyj^T n^o ?yv, f pre> onyn nyn 
yTin-nyB33'Hy33iR tio rxn ,BaRr?yTy; r 
nyj^'ni nynR nnyo p>i B^mna nyTiiR 
-ire ^>rt nnRv, R.n tyv, ,p'0 T« .BPMHWtt 
nyn pa B^n^na yB3R:y3-RT Rn iv :\ynyw 

,BaRK^yiy3 yfc"BD^RB , B.RP rh p« B^aiR 

-dhr'Vrd nyn pR "JiiasnyoiiR,, rh iyii} 

ny3 ,, BE: , :nyz ph oyv ,BERL"?yTy; -lytj^B 
jyBDRiBiyE o s ; bij^o r hpr n't ^3yo 
-'BDHrb'Brp rh nyB3iR .ty^nyn iv y^yv 



244 



fiSJlplX «n 






ynj jnjp pa dx^ "uunruni .fypxaapx "T 
x ,xj*,cj' lyBony Dwans ayi pJpbb 

-D^tPVSD XH pK K»T Dyil ,Q,VX Tfi iT^P 

tot ,iyp^y pn tyiyn Da>xr^yTyia ytf"D 

.DfPtt TB iiaia X p»T Wl 

D«flrw iyi pfii aai^ntDiyB xn tw 
nn> iyD"3ix xh ixa rriv x pn D^a Dyp 
d^p .nyoD^D lyt^DD^xD^axip iyi px 
-npnya Di*$>a "iyo"sn« "ly*:y , Biyii 
pn lyaaixnvy; Px iy npi ,d^s 
,tD"3is jrt»na»ipa 8 ixd iv jysy^ [yvajy 
.anax s?v»« Dn ix bjrujm iy lyaftm "3 
.yanya^x y^>x ,"t pa "nv nyis lyp^x i$a 
.Ltfyanpiya ,DBDiD5jnya ,D3xwyai3x jynyn 
Dyn Dasi^yrya ly^DDHx^bD im px 
lyiy 1 D$tt f wn Tin rinam Tyiy^Diya dxi 
dixd p-'x pa fynyaiya'K tyjjup D3"? Dyp 
onax y^x tx ptx ,n]m« ix iv D"3ix 
y^^wjis^ kh mx .Da^aya'ya pn jy^jjit 
Dyp D"3ix iyi pa D^pan^-nyS'X px 
.tyiynenx imxi 
W>dd^k , »v.xo iin px/Dym ayi nn » 
q»x iy;ppp iv lyD^aix liny 1 Da&ie^yrya 
inyo dwi dxi xr ,"iyonyjnyDJiN ijn pn 
ayri jyvDia inyn pi [yD^snKDPX oyv, iy 
jyaxaya uo«t tix xpi fyaxn | ' O « iy 
ya^n inn dv^x X'P Dn p,x lyD^aixD^n - 
xh iv DyyTy3:yayaDjy fypn bkbhwdf-k 
".lyayarama,, pn ps lyDinyDa^x 
* * * 

;yp jyaaiDaxiDya v:"vy:i>K yryn pa 
ay Dtjni d x i inxia tx ,iynyr lyty? iyi 
-aix p y x px ,Dyjyp^":x P r x d v s x p.x 
ty^iaxnoix in Dyp ,iytpnaix 1'l.xs p^a 
iy- px jyayayaiyia pa ,pna pa ^xpp x px 
on xi axn T>x .Daxt^yTya lyanaaapnv 
ly^lOT BHM3ffl xh ixp ,i:xd^'tv x ryr'^oy; 
rx ,t,yt3"ixii px op^nya iqjm xn lyvn in 
px [yn^apnx »n ly^xT tyapo yjiyo^iayj 
— pep; t^x wnjnjy t » s x tp?a >m 
- Xi» ,niy pa mn»iyi"irtawtne tx px dxi 
pa DBpmya^x p,x -iyp\~i ,iypnaxa ,\y:x'- 
-]xp-iya *?&$ Jjuj'Douf'x.pnunfi 
•] y p ^ d y itr ' 5 n. p px tyi;ym t^yn. 
•:y pic* in oyp yp-iya^x Dyr>x ,d i n b 
d^2. xpi nTX ylxu ,P^x in pa jjnyi 
Dy>x m Dijniy ai^nna pa jyoyiDJ^K 

)KDI21« p«T^N .11 nww 1V t rx 



.tyr:yjiya yrDDi^iyaxnivivxtyay^v^'^ 
,t^x t3"3iK ,p i lyoy'jyj'ixnx px lyiyn^ dumi 
■»a*TK "Sim tpo DOT ly-iJiDL" nypp^r t'^x 
B"Sn« viv n 3 Tx,iy;xT iv na^x Pxoy.Tjya 
■ya ya^yn uyn^x cts lyipapya px ya^yn 
tyaxBB'-iH^aopy ^a r , y i aL" ,, a mv ,-~x^ 
janyii bi.Tfij»3"K !y>yn ,\v:*v kh px 
-Dpn^'^ix pa tyoTtiya iv ^ynro ya^iyo y~x 
,d v y " pw tyra tovnya pyra 1 ^ yspyTx .y> s: 
p'OL" *n ixd iv jyp-'x^ yyn: inx x 1 " 
,ty>: »t BSniayj ty» ixj uy^^aix yocrv 

3 ■• i ^ lyenyn y^^an^xD^axp x ,_ ; ■ ,,,, • 
ay .lyimyuy fyin^aivj^x tan nyoya - ,- 
inyo wj^nii ay ix- 1 ixii tx ,up.xa x px 
ryiyii wwvd yn lynn^aivr^x D^asis 
.naniayj px ?y-paiy i 11 ^: ivawjso ya^yrx 
laij f;yo. oyn |y^w yan^n:yay x- px 
PDD^n px i^pa u^pniBjy iv ryDxa&nx 
.^yjx^x xh tyrayaivcnx ,in iviiv am 
iyny dxi XT r.^P WW pa |y;prn x-~ 
-i^onj x p^T i;nyp iviyc^x dot lyrvr-x 
iyiy /aaxc'^yTy: lyi pa ly^jta^a ->: 
p^x Dint: iy pm tx ,;p,inxaiy Dnx a":: 
m< ?mi ,^nya in BSrrfl iy ya^yn iv ,tD"3i« 
iv jiu"a x Dxn lyiy 1 px — oajp$ iy ya 
-d^x iy T'x ixi — ;prD3y^ya yomyj x 
niv rh ,tWD0»5 iv yo^yaxi axi yuxoc 
-^yT tx ,1's Da«.^yiTya lyrarM lyi p»a 
.i ,rx^a typcan pn inx t^x ay iyn iyD 

1 y a : i x m v iy ; jypn jyaa^Q xh tx .n 
*>v ^prDaycya po xtx iv lyonyj w ?i 
aw pv ^jy^xD dw p 1 ? jysxn "t ya^OTi 
-pd xm ,ran fyi nns jynyr .yay^ 
ly^ayaxia anx in iya^njp iy^jyo may? 
iviyi tyajiwivya jyiyn "t 5"ii ixcr-x 

?1DPJ XH'iin ,iyuyD^Dix xn ini 
lyn ,DaxK^yT.yj lyL'^nanx^vxa iy~ px 
iy ya^yn iv f D"3ix x'l itjruD Dim lynyiy 
-ya Dn pia' iy Dyp ,p^n px ta:yx-a m$n 
•b$ apx ,ixidl'-' a^x D^six 5< ,- i fyDaxiD 
-ny:iya d^d jyax^ D]m iy ix^ ,ay:;'_-- 
x t,yp ana'DByspya MX ,D^3ix rnx \v~ ,\sa 
.lysy^ D^a cayc lyoitTy: 
Mis? 1XJ dx-1 p»aqyt» xh ,ay- nyans 
■a^aiy x,n .dixii Dyvw 1 ? inns Daxfya o»a 
tnya lyan ly^yii lynya^'x*- y"J Pa fyaan 
Daniya Dyii D^aix yv:xa xh tx ,t3"ii ,-, x 
inx ptfa Dyp i^ayc iyi px pn pa ixnim 



' 



njjDWttnBp k*h 



245 



.(lyvx "a iyiipyc ps ytwtryj ijn »'» ajnj'anys pa) 
■p 1 1 B ' ^ .» 1« 



-yj x "2 *i&o»P~tyBpyD x pa yBa-c^y:; kh 
;x nyi twit wk ry» *n*n ,p$$e> fyopi 
ii *nsn tyo jaM'ew lyryn lis 3*5enjrB 
-spy iik y£N*y»o ,ytJ»B^SB jnyDsu :jya 
iyanyj*D'»nK*Drpx lyaxn jyaxmx w»d«: 
-&pv px y^x^xD .ya^o^se mmoyn is px 
.Dnrp&pia bxh iy twa'njruy vwn$: 
•ya to rypyv, BpjianJXBi&y jyryn mh 
!y;jiD^ssi^ yJ>x pa yBoy-i; xh fiyoaxiB 
fyayS D'px bvdxb px Dy ryn fyaxn d$ii 
-yopyc x i_ ! :T»^oyj ,p£xa jye"TK Q'pa 

.tyo*XX,*18P XH ITQ JllB^XBL" 
.1 

lycny: x lyajPB rynyDtnya iv mx 

-"fcrvya arvx ?yo *nxn ,bpxb jy^nxiBcpn 
-x~xp xh .lyBPxa ya-^iny y-iy-ux b^o jya 
~y- px yoD^Dzmi sh px ao^o^sa^^iyo^ 
iy wn w lyas p« xn ^Ba^yj "lyt^Tx 
IIW^tk oyt p« :mB?xa>^ ytj'^iy xh .yB;B> 
pa jyrsa Dyi tpix ^si btdxb bsh- p>xa 
*in?upftffB Ta^sosp 4? px ,s:'0Dy:?8E 
pa tx^xiiyi xn WW* px Dun ,B"rpna 

.033 ia aya-p 
Hwb^xb x o^o tt osn fiya^'niyj^ 
Tyryjpftn- x b>» vt Ban Binjyyj ,*ibd»p 

D'no^ na Baax^ya Ban p^>xa d^t 
MVWDD^jriF'KW x ty'Dyam pa f B^an 
o«n nyryn px ,;:^-!axnya mjn^o x px 
p'o„ :B-)snBis yBonnya xh jyayayj «i 
px TB»n b^d tftWtawi T'x own nyaxa 
-yn yaniyoyBip B">o {yew T'X 58W T'X 
lynya B'i p« ix^i^siiyi xh rx ".iy: 
,bpxe "ijn bp'Vi .yty^Hyi x n^nna^ 
nynyB^-ixi£i iyi ,\^»wi rrnx x^aj *iyn oxn 
-:-ryja^,x px jya^xnyj Bxn ,?x^^yn pa 
~y~ .uxBK'anx ix iv Baj fa nyav BiyB 




iyBpyo pa yBa^y; x^ 
x , ~ pa y:^x px 
jy 5>_« n b yBDJPBapi 
lyj^oy^x ny~ pa 

,yoavtyy; "UOiftMJto 

?yo typ iiTx Tin tin 
tyrBan x jyoipya 
xh jyayn ?iyn:ya 
"lya px bd"j D'tytwiye ny~ pa {yjjiajneu' 
prx mi .^^PP-iB^y p"»r pa p;b^v y:y-y^' 
^yayni ,!y;:x;y;TV t^x ;:i>p^r,B:y yiv-, 
T>"j pn px Bax^yj Bxn L";y2 iy- -yS-jy^ 
B^n rye nyaax ?y^ay>n ,;;^ppiBjy -yrt: 
.11 .t px Bn^ixa iyiy 1 tb oaxiay; 
B^y^y^Bt^ jrtnywmnK 1 yosy? rh pa 
osn ^jyc nxn d»h oy^x jijpr^jri px ax vt 
■i^yB^ixa px.jyyT-xpx ix: b^j rya-^niy 
px, rya^Ba-x^^yry; pn px tis ~x: ,jyj 
,oy^x ?"ti .tyaiy? ry^ox:xpy P^ px i^ax 
"i»« I'lxa "iyayn DXPBy jyiiy; isj px dxh 
.l^u^jn ryiiyj px ,tyay^ \wvsi iyaxa 
-y; t s x aintnyao"* ,bdoip ^Bxe'jyDPi 
tyoiiyjon'X u$n wi»5syn .w^^jn jyn 
pa lyt^jyo ayn ByT^nyB:ix dxp, oy^x 
-ya yny o»n lyanyn tvx .niona px nvn 
"jM p't pa ,bd"3 a'iyL-jyr ay- pa aiusni 
Tamp ^boxp "ly^y 1 .jyayr- jya^Bax^>yr 
,«i^ppiBiy pm px yo85»iy*iy^ yny^ px jyn 
■'WTBB' yty^^yn [^ Bprnyja-ix tt 
-^xenya px jy^^^Biv-iyBpya px ,ryB 

ya^yrx px lyayB t^nx bpip nyo |yn 
piboxp Djn nyBJix tx r jyo onyr jyoa^w 
ijntj 3fr^D tyry^^y- ay:y -yix ayi tb 
,-iy'BirB "ly^a^y; ~iy- Djy^ ,yjxoy~iyv 
"ixa fiBoxP ,jyay> i'ixa ?iboxp ly^a^x 
bbx .B^prBaynya px yBayn nxa ,Baxo 
t^vi^nin x iv B^noc "lyrywyn x bih^b 
» p>^>x px txtts ,;yay^ rya^Bax^^yryi r'x 
ory^ jyo ?yn ,-iyanm .rx'vi^snyi p-dl" 



246 



BBJlplX «■»! 



38 



hk oypo*n yasaroyp^B xn wm btb 
-yj ,f,jro^aya3n« tya«n D8*n ,DnyBi8^B 
owjyo ry»ns ayi BnyBtpyj p» Win 
■yn t8 tyB^sn B^nyj Tt rvat$n »t ,a>«a 
.5ya*a *iyn na tswftn iyiyj"i ^yny'Bitj'B 
ojn^ayj tya8n lyjsBma kh iyai$ unim 
,18^83 nyj8pnyn8 iyi lis BjyognjiB ayi 
8H lyaKSPya tysnffi tyBJ8BDyB8"iB «h pk 
nfi, i^&soyp Dttwna pa lypayn yBDy-ij 
P8 ^v?:]n ytDDjni si jyj^t ,838i"8 
D>n8 P^8Q tytJ'H^K lis ny&BoypDB"rrn& 
pa Kpn i8J ,ryB:«BDyB8is 8n na to » > 
*8n iPBUsocstttfia 8H ya^yn jyiya ,8 < n 

.oaaoypyj iyr 
■^8 njn na tyiyj^tftfsiwi yBoyn; kh 
o'pk ryiiyj jwt .owaa wn — n^jm nyts 
yotny urn .one* pa b^ p8 rrnn 1 ' ijsS 
ya^jm .ansa »» n f iyBJSBDyB8ia »b»tk 
na ^ tytJ"B83Dyi ayi [ycMjnaw rya8n 
tyjHMJBtPBDaSy? 8 By-i^ayj Ji8 nyarn 
"8i8» p8 ty5»8ayi^n8 |yi«t ,b88bc ty^na 
D'« iotw b*j tyj'u f tj"njyai8inya y^^ 
tyjyj U8^ *W"T lyn^nDiya w jrww 
twk ^o -iokjo^b> na pm tyBtny ayn 
"»r5 dst Tajnnuni wyjusaynyBjm tyrn p« 
-"•8 tb Bflsoypyj ex yjJ8£ *? D8n mw 
18: n8 ,B"n»nB ya^nyD>i8 iik ya^nyj 
Baypya oy B8n D'n na Bago yonypn* kh 
vwt .ow-mem wn .lyaynaiv wrnaa pa 
p^8a yji"TK D8~i B^naya jyasn D8ii ?yn?yn 
na iyuynJ8 ijniya !W»t /w IW^ifl n'pa 

"V'8 8H .D'pVlV 8H {13 B^ P8 BWVB W*T 

,-u85on p8 iyiyj8^^8Tiy*i wrr* yrB 
-^yn upn b^o Bftm kh typ&viya^K ya^yii 
,tyBDmo5n 8H tia ly-rpp bo«i r nnio3yi 

iyD^8818P KH .tJto'HmBP 8H MBl B 1 ! p8 

,pibd8P iFiyi^v^8iiyi ty^Bx^K p« t,yJ v T 
- 85y»^« m\ ^tk ,ii8^Dn p« 18 B^a o«m 

.jye' 
yajnytnyB 8>i pa ya8ni8 Bann 8H 
->8 ^a 33wjniya"jyBpyD in p« iyB8B^ryn 
oyn p8 fyair jyo *nm "iyp^y& "iynJ8 P8 ?jn 
P8 Bay^ya ;ya8n nyp^ya mv o»n ,bpr& 
P8 iyc^B^8a iy?8B"i83 8 B^y ^8i jyay^ 
{inwJ b^j ^8« r^P tyi ,n T ,?yay^ tytawygj 
iy>n na ,Dvi8BmyB nyn pa jyonyjas 
nyi B8H p^83 iwr;n C'8T uyinyiv ,iny 
p^8& x d^« nyBDnpy- p»i tia ^^b jyBoyw 



pw t^8 *iy iwa ,Ba: ta nyaT B8n 18a 
-^yp »nw B^yB^yjpyi^ ,mya r'ana tyiiyj 

^-l^^ IN^K n'?8„ :p^83 D1V B38Tyi P8 lya 

yyn tyi^r D8"i — ".anvo hro ii^yn 1^8 
Bnn^aywn« *h tya8n D8*n ^Knit^'' nyayj 

.ani^D nags o'pa 
lyn p8 jjniya pk ijib^b^ yB"^« n»n 
yt^H'8 dsi |yii ,D^83iB^n kh jia b«v 
pa B34?.^nyn nyn -iyB3i8 jjnwJ pk p^8B 
pa 33iB5>8ai^ 8H mm P8 d8"t .tya^u an 

f |W"D y5y*B .DHMTB 8H p'8 D^PHX 8H 

BDyB8is 8 tyiiyj v» nwmt jyiBpyo «h r8 
.D^ns 8»t pa pm fyt:y*;p£yi Din jy^pa 
P8 «^i nt8 j'oan r:8a o»j nya8 P8 d8"> 
iriw p8 nnai8 tywiv tiaD8P tyBU'iy ny-i 
Bvy ty*:8a nyn ?^« ^t« ,b>^b o'ne$B> 18J 
•an "ijn8 ,iyK^B^83 iyi"i 8 iniw ^^is 

">tDDyB8"l3 KH .iy?8^8D 8 ,B38ty> ly^B 
b>3 ,n^i"i3 ipt tyiiyi jyrn "B-i8a ynjyi 
kh tyiiyi tyj^t n'pro 8H .D'prw 8h 
."bt«s yuy^iyn «h r tyB8npBDn« 
■ytD'K-sisP iyi Bvs ti« P8 y3?yr D8*i 
8 urny: D8i P8 n^nna^ .mi»5kw "yi. > ' 
B8«i ai83 yry^^yn »s .pibbsp -ryB^o^uffl 
lyBys^ *i8J P8 rJyaw lyDipya -^^.vr iyn 
8 p8 B^yn38iiyjoi8 b«tb» iyi "in B8fi 
jjibSvel- yry^^yn pn 
8h ty"iyi? , tf i^ iya^8 iyj to iyi"^ 
•^83^ ny^yo^snsp nyi pa twnJwr'K 
tya8B D8TpnyoB^« 18J to jync ,:r-B 
-:i3jmya-:yBpyD «h tia isgbtfBtM i"» >inK 
TcsBtyoiK tytyn .p^83 ivk'^tk djh pr ty^ 

W D18 ,B381Bya p8 UfDWO W »'D*tt T>« 

iin T">2 jjiB>nya «n j'Ban fyrryoBnya 

8>*l :T^Oiya PK D8T J31B?8BB' BRyttMTWP 

pk tyjiiB^8B^ 8H pa viw D8n ,tyj^8a 
ijn pk iik ^aa Bgnya B8n p^8b tyti»T8 
iyi"t ty^8a n .Biaa j/BpyD ny^yo^jnsp 
"typnyoya to D8ii ,wn pa T.an nyn bpjis 
-38 "a tyuwiya-fyorsBpye yonnj p» 
:^3B>"a mv 8ni ,iy:8 , V8rTB5ip jnyn 
.ii8^B"i ti8 Tnp28ia ,u8^ay 
-yn yBD^jyB^nya 8r ^y^Bnis »n 
*DyB8"iB 8H ti8 ,T3«5a» tia yBpyD ytyw* 
jwr^xaiTiB n8 ye>B«n 8H — wbjsb 
pn8B^ p^a ryoeny D"a tyj^r — dhmjid 
.ty» v 88i8P ti8 b'pnat y^H>8 8H iv vhrw 
-DyB8iB tyasn yryn Ti8 >nx f y)y» »*n 



39 



"lyD'WBisp « , i 



247 



-yn kh Tin nruy* fix nyp^ya viyjy^y; 
Ta tyaxn ya^yii ,ipairw kh tic tw 
ajnyaa^aiya yin'saia 8 d*o aaaayp 
.t$\p>jn "8f"j ny*n pa ty»$J ayn pk 
Tjn asn trpK xn us tyay^ ayi pk 
-nxa T?»a pk tram* pk ajnsiiiyj jya 
&"T t"K lis .Jinjn:y ypistM? 8 tyaipy; 
-*n ya^yn ,iy-n"ayj j»m»n ^a 8 rya«n 
-as:/i« w'b^b i*r ayaa aay^yi rya 
-pii yjyanxinya jnyn px B»w»»^n 
-"IB iy»r ty-i«£nya ,(*ty<5LCTB na i85yp 
— yaanyp ynya^a ^i — dubbm pk &"n 

KH flfi IK 1 DyT TWM1M VI IWJTTWIPBWflW 

-** yftra .niaifo y&^38"ix ytMrunajrr"!) 
tyvytys px |unurwwio!»\K mi»yj ?ya$n jyn 
.•unjy? inyuB px v-i 
idik! vi rya^n d«t ny-iix nyn na 
.yD^a^ymya ytj»axJKpy K*"n 6»'ajM 
■ajytj'ya prr8 sr^tw ay»3 vi pnufn nynna 
st anfrayj px o»*af«; my are are 
^nx /iibbj nyi iv ajynxi ijeatf fy'awB 
.-iy38~i8 an .a^ass* yny^t tia ^a 8 kni 
-ay^ya w jyjjsayjj^ vi "I I»a»n aw 
«t .bmsbwdw a^a ,5jnj8n b*o typa 
xn iy&»uv ny^a-iya xn ?yixiiy:i |W»t 
Sbpd lyaijn px lyp^ya yjy-uiaiya «j 
tvK ty^nvnyaxp ayn px bpviwjb^ 
-«^«3 y:yiytnysi pa inypnya btowj 

.ny-uyS px m 
-nyn w"««n« y^J xh riya^xp »h 
aaaoypya dtpk an rr^nria^ lyatjn /w 
,|jrvn kh "T dxii iKanyi nxJ tD"»a 
-^KTyoxnxa tbh pa -\v:m tyiiw iwt 
,H»anjn MiMwiri kh -hjj .tx'^yi w 
tb Baeoypya jppibio mx tyaxn »i a$n 
an tyn ,nya« nyoyse' jj«i»"td ny"t 
->irv nriyn unifiwa lyj'u p^k tya^^P 
kh twortP iv jyjsDB'-iyB »t jya^n ,dtt^ 
-y; i^aun pr pn^K kh pa lyn^pi^nya 
.DioyoiR ttrinnni ix y»ajn kh »»t tyay^ 
-»a yann o^msum rjrpn «t tyasn $m 

.ty^yutj' xw^o^ 
lya^tDaet^^ytyj tya^nyi^K iyn p« 



oyn tyapyj jya^n lyagiK p« iyi3»»oyj pit 
itn ly^jni tynayay^ ytaDnnya itn is "Uiia 
.IviaaoD T'ta oyn pk na>o '33 .D'taacn nntry 



th nyj'a^K ?k «mi ,iyisa « mu oay^yj 
*P8i8a "iy^J8 r v8J t"i ,tyay^ pn .p^'nii 
-i i « pa t3"a"i8yiDM8 nny» in o$n iyo 
yi:nyj pa 8>ii ,txn:yD^oi8 yr^ij/o 
,ana« nia^o 8H pw .tyaayip ya^n^s: 
--.na w»b.^s& nyi pa ta»v nxn p8 i«j*r 
ri;y^B>t3Da5yT D:ypyj e»j vt ts^n ,D".n 
pa di>2J"k nya^iytp Tin >"ii .ry^pniwy 
nn^x tyasn dosb' ya^ni^a kh pa .fyonm 
■mm p« onyD^y: pnsDB' iv p« oas iv 
lyvmp 8 wi ,v^v p« ?yay^ tya^iy^K 

.P11D 8 "1H^8 IV B38Dyj ,S1BDKP 

•«n ya^yii ,iya8nis isj iyny; jyrn oy 
dsdb'3* ,iy&pyD yB'H^K wn oasnyj iya 
P8 tyay^> on nyto^n od^iidk' dsii db8"ip 8 
— b^sna^K ay": 8 p8 tyoi8B y^j bs8b> 
nya Tflpo p« nyjs'Vpsyn ,r^yDt$nym , n 
ya^yii tyjyj ryonxs yo^?. kh «»ii ,aya^8 
-yii tya8ni8 vwn p« .oaBoypy: iya»n »t 
•tyiy^pny nya^n n>o ty^ 

.2 

f]SD«p D'py p« |ys^8p yt3i w 

un- pB »nyiyimn»' ?yio8 nyn p« 
ryay^ nyn p« p« wuayniD^v nya^Donp 
-iya yo^nj 8 |yi8iiy:i nyp^ya-mro kh pb 
-^8"tyD8H8» y&y"HH:iyjr"j' kh j:nynjy 
•»a8i!8 y^ysi t:pyny;an8 a8n ix^^yi W 
yr^8Pna8 P8 y^?D8n8 yiyi-:8 P8 yy 
p« D^ynmyj tan tva^n ya>yii ,ty»8a^ 
«t »uin 8n iiyay^yusn ryi^n a^sn 8 
ynyojna «h pb "littfip iyi iv lyanvyjiv 
nya^ynyn n p« ly^^^j xnyexn^aya p« 
-yiDK' P8 ly^n^ayj »i t s 8 Dpiniyaa»i« a^v 
iya^yi\ po ,db8d \m Q&wrmjjn iv iyi:ia 
a*j 182 lynna lyasn ry»8aK' yK^axns kh 

.aD^noy: 
a^nyj ?ya8n ya^yii ,iy^8 wn wk 
•8iy»8n8a "W"J tyi pk P^n lypnstwf s 
")n«> anjn:in 7 a^a xm ptn n:ia8 *iy^^ 
.t^^^y-i lya^aonp "un p« nynnB 
tyay^ ayi p« D'lyinyp-iyavs yryn oan 
■*i8B .asnya tw nyp^yB-n-ira kh pa 
jya8n «i .di^^k ryarn: # ,tt a^a^ 
rTyaini y^: xn avuyjcnx yatj'iy nn 
■ax ?ye"iYif jya3H3'3nya jnyjnyay^ 8**r 



s48 



tasjipix x 1 



40 



iya^D"; px P^xa pa pyprpaaix; xh 
UWa iy; ,, T jyay^ tyrjpjpSan pya">a pyix 
x*- iy-x "mnnTiDn *«wn„ nh "sp^nynyj 
tana "Nix ,xn jib finsoysxps yaoyaf-y 
ps px xniD pn fSMojntsPB y^ma^n ya 
-rW? minx* »h ara fyaxnv . twrnooifl 
fyaa^flafri yryn pa "nasn,, iyi .apyp 
".a-auon naw„ fiyanya v? dxp dsts 
ny" tx "ninn^nan »Btn fl "iiv nh »ie 
p* ny yD^na 8 axnya j.yasp ,yv*s©> 
axy iyrn "T .xntfa k>xp ny- w5ponK 
.«-n -yanx ,|:y jyaya ryny: 
njn .pyo^n x iyr,y: px psaxp ny- 
-yj jyaxn lyaajH D'fay tx ,tynya px pia 
pjnipa a'jay lypxiwa p« aSronny :aayT 
x ,_ .aa'ayawa Dn r x axp tpbp njn px 
-jjn "UHjyj D'py tx ,j!yasnnya pya^xxpixp 
ny tx ,p^xp j'pkb a'po^pxa DiTr rya 
pyan'Xp axn tyo px mates nin x rx 
na» .o^Ajyaya px issrmnwjynw arrx 
,»«* nyjiy 1 pa *p5xp Tin .srasaPx ixaxa 
a*.ny: aanyayp pn pa aaxaax px axp 
->x a<D eiBKHSp nnuira x typyanvo'ix 
-maaix py-r pyaaix ry-iyax'viPx'ny-i ywn 
axn p^xp nyp .w»s ryapiya x pa an 
rx ray px rrvoe sop assays anxp 
.ana aiv fypxnya OB^Dpya 
aj&pys a^ysiv jay nx D^jjyaya px 
x ,RB*j&n iax ryaT.ya x a^a iy-xrnya 
.pxTX> Y a px ryDpny^yji BMNjtfTWMtfHjp 
x pyiayayj d.tr axn xa^axn isr pyryn 
py;oy: d!?x unm^ny tt 5rt ^y ,naxp 
px .tx^^yp iw^iD^n py^TR pyi pa 
agm iyapyo pyTy^^pyp x pa pyaayna*?. rx 
-x~xa wow px -noftn ayp. a^a aaypnsDs 
TWi axn aa"E> oy xm »r»m x ts pya 
iksi pun osn p^xp pyp .opn^wa tx^s^ 
px jjy sinx jypip iv tyanmyas anjrm 
d«ibip3 Ti» an^x DX.P px "ei»s p^ 

.D^aiyaya pa 

.3 

.ftjtapyfc j?»h s » ypynns n p« py 
r^x PXJ tasnyj py,pna o^n r:y lyn 
^kp„ n'tia t3Dx dxp ?y»ipya w -.paxpya 
px tynayDB'Dix y^x mv ryaxn ,"xim^ 
iy jyayniDyj diT« r^anny lyayfl^tKi p^t 
*y»»iK tt tisn py dxh pxa ,dxp typyn 
\ryw iv jya^yj ana p« DiT« urn .ryay: 



"jynaxiix ayoa iynya lyp^x jyj«T ryayp 
■xnx WW* ,s t jyi^T uiyw yPx px .:u 
ynyn usxy: tyasni jyp^^y; px dvp: 
-y; fyasn px pytaan px pypp^a v:y:"x 
v:yi"x xny"? p»>*j i.yv;x; px ayoa o-ajy? 
yoniyj -x ^x: -lyton px n^n-jn .dtp. 
rypywiv Dapx-ya »r jyaxn ;:^nxvax 
-iixvax ytyn jy^xT iv aix .wnjpajn pyp 
t^x Tjf^onye x jyaxn iv p^x spi ,;.i^ 
px p^xa ]yt ,,, - i x ay- lytewiw p^oya^ 
-py p^x jyp^K x^p tya»n r aany»ayi pyp 
x oa'fijnwya dxp p^xp iyi px ta^pym 
nyunyD^y pyp.„ roo^n ax~ ",xji^a ^xp„ 
".yayayntDPiKfi xh pa 
d^o a^ayp-yvpi pts x tyiiya t>x dxp 
^xo y>x o 1 : .ddxo py^^^xa pyo^pa x 
iv odxd pn DViaya xrn^a ^xp -\m axn 
oaypa ly^^yT o^: .p^xa p'T HKPT»noiie 
t9Dts t"t tiyoipya Day^a py tx .tyejne 
px p^sa pn iv poxppya px Pxaxa ^pn 
lyay-iaivanx naxo pn "isjnxn jyvnanx 
.lyayDpya yovy'' axi tjnj"»ya xh n.a 
xni^a K>jn a'pa nox pyi t^x ^xo p^p 
ayn px x^i anyp^a ntx jy^xaya D>a pyax 
pyp ^v ,D^ypai.p ppx 1 um8 a'pa ;:xa:x 
ynpya sh tyaxtocoay p« ay iyi\ ,D"V 
.jy^xxPXP xh ria 
-•'x Djy^a xri^a B*xn a'pa dm* dxp 
pjn .rniT biv jyoxD a'p,a rwn»a vnyi 
ix tiniw t^x d^v ~iyyy pa »n^a »m 
asupya &: dxp py .JXTiya ypayta^pyaaix 
-^x xmt jy-i^t onta pn px: px ,jp;n p»p 
tye"W»o«*iae' rinsnya ,?xa xtx px iyo 
-aj-'Ti x:" 1 " .jy^tapxa yayiy^^pya fycniv 
?jyt}»-pN ayp pnx iWMTT'Haisp yoDa^o 
-na «iw i8»nw> lya^n "tpxpto Da^yp-yvni,, 
■pxtoK'pya ayp iv ymoiKrnya y^aynxa ,^ 
lynya ph »t pa nya^x .xni^a b^kp nyaya 
-yTya t^ca Dsn.ppya^x as.pi px vntfyi vwv 
-pxaop^a x iia jytaaxpaya^x xn jyo 
-Mawti x rynya iv t^x pwanyp' .-\ynvvw 
■pxa , rynya px py iy-A-\z pn .cayD 
i» yo^na o<» ,jbd piyaany^ya x ,aninyp 
-pxdb' x a^o tix pypn^aax r,x pa b»poni 
?yo axn anpoipa pn px .r^apny typ 
-ya axn jyo .aan^aya a^a pp'XaK' pya$ 
pa » px a^i aa^a iv tx ,d ( tk H'w anyp 

.pio^n pa tyaxr 



4: 



nyD\s«-sp KH 



249 



•j-; — w»n« tt ay D*n Avstf? fy^DO": 
.njTDj/^a y»jypH»iRB ,yo58 y:^T on: 

-jniJ/J jn.TK O^D WIB'fJJDPIttM'K JR Ml MTX 
DMP DMP DJ? CD'^n ^JjriWK PK DLDDyz 

.jyay? pn pk Qynox pn tyttfwnjn 
yfrw»a ijnyi rx "MfcBBnx ktk p* 

pk ly^nrc rjnwa iyqy£a yttfx kh pc, 
tw ps ranwa^M »r pk i»3 ?"ii ,3H"n 
px .lyayS 'v pk ay rmi b>ds2 y^ssto pni 
aiRByn y3^-iy:\s- ynyi bjihp -orbb'ix xtx 
dsti ix diikh ,; , :: , t:in pr t^'un::^' 
-m;k n^ rR r ]yxri«ajn w^iwk x- ixnm 
?d*j ryay^ j»p »d mi "d [yay? ny- pk iya 
,"yaKO-Di»syi nyiy 1 px -lyanyn px 
-ypa yt^K rh jyD'Hix t^Riiyj osn drm 
tb pSrb con ^2 w-varnKfi rwwi ,iytD 
ix yayn dps .lynDymya x tsi ,i3"a x 
->- p'K d*j Dsn p^Rfi [ypHp^iR ny"T 
■■"! ryayayjBMR y^ya ya^yrx ps tjhdi&b 
-": »na fy»RTix DyeawM^yj PR iy3y>a y: 
rh ,-:y^y px d^uhmm^b px "lyma y; 
Dissyn kh |y3"? »t "3 Dsii ,iyaR yr«p 
yjMP'uiny ix ^wn x p^a jjniyj |yyr>K 
y?yz ya>y?x f'N tt ryaijtn ,ry:m28riw 
p»e >yp»?p nyi<3iry2 x DDgoyj .uponyaas 
-"t b^d tyj^t pR ^jny t.n*e> lyuitya x 
phix 1*3 r Dt>iyin«a t^j pyux ^b^h iy 
xtx px jw«t pR pan ytasutfyjra* kh ix 
Diy^tDiBnya px Djniytyiisfnys ■utstM'nK 
ya^yn jy^y; ,rh rmi my? ^: jyisnyj 
-DyDRis a^R DSywpyjDM'iK vt ryaxn »n 

.|yo:xo 
lyann tyopyo yj^x^x pa .y^yannj x 
«h px Biyjftmyj ism »»j ixv, ^: v> 
722 ,5snw n« pa i»?p3Mi y3y3y^y33^ 

X^ IW1W3 MjM9D»0 IBJMt D'Sl .DIS PX 

a^pnv y3^siD« xh tia ryDDayE'^z^yz'x 
po x jynya jy^n ytsxy^ kh .nyyr\x px 
-y; jyaxn "t .ty383xo jw^tk tsiKc 
y*; pn Ta lyooita x d^k iy'i:y ®wn 
iyany3 ^n jyaxn nyj?KaaK3 w-«t .jnw? 
."Knpfi ^2,, ijhk "D^;y„ ry^^: pn o^o 
,y^yt3pyo ny^H^x nyo^x ix pa jycx: x 
jyaKn "•■>? ^mi ,i,yany3 ptk vf t3Kn dkh 
I • ■: DD^n dxt Z'xipc, pa jyu^xny; nx- 
dx~ ;.ut3'xxixp nyiK "nwnp,, .^ " 3 n 
rr-iy tyan s ,v iy;:x2y;:x yopyo yryn yi 
.t33^x2 di^5>) .lyDysi- 



,p s xz ;yr'vx |yv3K3 ps jwaB- ~y- ;x 
-:x -y- pv D^xvy; D3y&D3uyii -y oxn 
-y osn ixiy-1 ,p^*a ^^ta x pa nyirpa 
,y?ts/P cy- l-dpxte tyPMi t3an«iy3 ^x* 

,IX-r-y- -yr^y;-;'- «v o-: Diyny3 iv tx 

.iy"'X JttPHlD^n KH KMl 

pn pa {yi3H3 iyoi:y; Dinn o^n py 
-KB' .yvpyz yry , ;^y- x "tsnKS yr-'^-x-: 
t3^3 "^o;y; ,, 'X iy t3x~ ry^: rx^oy ;yi: 
-, N ,,2 ;y: ,, T D ,,^ -,y- y , , v j, e , w i3.x-y; 

_ x~2 iyvy; ,p?%2 -y-:x fyiy px kmi ,tiin 
yt33ypny3x p'Dyia^K kh ;y;y; fyt338i3oytD 
ryo jyn ,myt3 x nyatj t-x Dy .tK^^jn 
jy;^T iyo:xoryt3X"ia ytyn tx ,;y:ay- ?xt 
poDiKiiyatDsaSyt pa jyiRBB'ya iy»*»iK 
ny- lyayiaix d^jpw ;y2xn bijii ,iyp:y~ 
PM |y , Hay2 px mw«p y: , t3D ,, 3 dp^kq 
,?y32yi iv riiyts x y\» t^x ay kmi ;p:«ny3 
t.yx3K3 x pri ix: onytwya nc^r, -y- tx 

yDMli'3 DKll f "!|K9l."n PX D-iyD3X^3 31X2 

-j'X^sy^x pia x t^e lyzxn -lyp^s^xr 
"K^Piya p,x jyasDiDB'iKe ix na ,t3-iyo 

.taa' 11 ; D:yx ny- fiyn 

PX ^ya'B KH KMl MTK r ll»^D T3T1 

"xc lyB-'HxtDD'n iitj^ip x kmi r^ny- ^3 
nyoMiyrx px p>xs Tyi ,M - , x D'pa t33yoi3 
^x "in^x dx" X" .^yoDnpy pv pa &"* 
.a^n ^x ,TyopxE ytynxtoDH \s ,iy-;y;y!? 
— jnane PK y.-y^x - n^n:^: ,iyon 
-x^a ij-yosHSB'jiyoMi ya'tD^xiKa imk kmi 

,yty^a ,y , OK3KlDD;K r P n D^DyDKO ,y'2XT 

.11 .t px •^x^t3-)yv l ^ ,,^ ; r ?yxMi ,c^l-2 
tyB'H , x ayi pa ^yayac x t^x dxt w\p 
:\y2y? lyn^oKB px ly^VKD ,jy^K3* , v«j 
X 1 "; ii'D^n i'aMK qp)pvi fysHjn nitx 
px p^xb iytr-vx D'pa iyin , i: yi>DO"j 
pk jyi^x fyii r iyD3iyo*e yiyjiDD^ kh 
px 5>"ntM'K ix \varw2 ix ^>jyo fynyj 
-^ya ypoiiK x ,_ ; pa tysatf ly^y-io^iP ayn 
iyv, r nyaK jyto^v y-iyt3D3 i E x ,_ px .~\yp 
-"Bin pk taxynyj px tsax^y: »t ts»n jyo 
-y? iv t32M:ny »t axn |yo 2mx pk ,t3r3 
x px lynyj ox** pk ,iy2yt3x ix px iya 
-bmx:ix iyt33ix .Ktaynj lyr^ac ,;y33y 
yi o»n - - y-i3xt." px 3-3UH"5>ya y^^iyn 
px ,yi px |y*Mxy3pHix r^x= yc-'x dxt 

PK B^KllJW B'3 D-y IMjtPl tyaiK'DB' HMl MUK 

?ya ix tyayTy2 oxn ay £«ii ,t33ypy; d'3 



250 



taenpix «n 



42 



•uabDon pa ijrr»« 



(*.tsD« , 'B jp^Dge -iyi pa Bflwanyn lyi -lytwiN jy^ia p« j.j;t»« 

".iyafy$„ "ijn i^D'caya — .tyTJKrrayfiN'bptt' -ijn p»t jjtpn — ."ljjaDiy ijn iiK^D^oj/'e 
iyr T"»i"fi — ."lyaajnyj -ijn v»u#p ~ .Tyaantyanw jwKjnayn b'» myaaa yB"7ns — 
nh ps iy?Ksya — .]jn'K «n pN unpb'h xn — .lyona ijn n86Dy?$3 — .nyamya 
j$xiyn .nyaiys ijn nN^Dym — .jyp* WW jy.Mun'biB'ya p« yjminp «n — .nn&a&i: 
.yp'inoK ma ytrniK D'-nontjp — .(nyon-ia "iyn raawyj) nyonn in "pdusp — .bm^jp pe 



nx^cDy^ ijm:iK ,964 irttji ay- px 
Ptattfi -iy~i pa ty^any ay: (nx^DDc 
an fyoiayaax jy^ia xn fyaxfi p ddx>5 
umw px &"v "lyjy 1 iv .^anyi ya'foDnp 
•j'Bsya-oaynp d^t ,xax"i n x px BnrrBjMJ."* 
•nx .jjKasfrpv tb Tjnani &ax»ya ry^x? yaiya 
i an jyaxn ~iyp!?ya yB^xyssvx x.n mi 
yaax mm* kh t^io ya^x tnrpaya 
iWH^perwynp he Jnnjtv an px r nion5o 
-my panyi px Dy fix D^na nynyr fowiUM 
ihdo tjwyn px .$snmr&&*5pv x i.yjxDr 
BFPtt kh oan'TiBya :pd»5dtot tt tyaxr 
D^panya-atoaytrya nyn Tin .ry^is px 
yiynx px ?y*r»K t^o fyaanraiya xny^n px 
P1WW lynyr ^y-jasn wr tt o*n iy-jyr 
10PP yaappiya x.n tyK>piv .uytrna-iya 
an .tytionp ySy^a tyrynya ti« jyrv ;ya 
"B^fi Bpyiny "Bxn |ya«5pe> yryn pa yastf 
tDxn Dsi px ry^ia yant)Dnp x-h "a -p* 
TWr .jypx xn w Dxn x lyanyaD'mx 
uyn ytj»TK px ryuya px ^yTJxmyax^pt*' 
.DDiapx -uiDPa^a y<wp pa to^v nyi pa 
iv tt tysxanya fypx 1529 px B$n iy 
.nrroo ;yryn B'o iBKPBfijwya 
-ny iv BPTiwaD^o ttxn ^xt p'X ixj 
■^n xh .ry^ia px jyi^x |yayj axn iypyv, 
Tina tyryj^yi D"ix jyaxn ycDoaya jwa 
lyrtoayrya iv ^n i.yDDnp xh jyoxanya 
T^x tin'** i^a .ojyvxis *inx nixiiSi 0^ 
»M px j^'D^j tynya cj uxa-ya nyry 1 - 
- ,,, n3 jyanunny bbjwvj oyryn nn tyaxr 
pa wmmaxn "iyi tyojix .DJiyayoiya yc 
1173 pa ttiyjy-n fyo^x ay- Vi k s^ia , 'j*oy^ 




pa jjivyrya nyn rs/jy 
a*r ?y^ia px iyn^x. 
jyayn^ya vw V* 
-xp jyoony nrz px 
tx sk»j x"t ;^yto>a 
nya^x p^aiya^x tx 
[yryn px yax? ly^n 

pk lyaxn jyrx \yy> .ivQixr^ywn p K 
t»h ,mam ya^pyi^ tyto^y; xaxn^x nxa 
_ xn »t ikii ,1j8? y^vr^x dxt fyiiyj ty^ia 
-nya^x .Dayijy^iyD px vn^ lyjiayj fya 
-wyi -a*!? jytyn px yax^> lyn pk oann 
ypjyp xn tia taascnyn nyi lytD^x CDia tyr 
.1370 pa 860 pa .DDg'fi y^oxa lyn ns 
?yiD px yj>jyp yryn pa ayr^x nyorx ptfa 
iyviy; t s x dx" nyjxDi^iyaaMX ;yvx -yayj 
nyi tDJxiya jynara ayn n»?oy^2 -yt^jix 
-;- *>yon x ?yryv,y; t^x nya^yv, ,-yona 
lytopxnxa jyaxiw pn una taxn axv, ,iy^ 
-ya px ly^ia pa &ax» kh a»axiwy;ax 
xn =i'ix px tois5 P't nnx p-^anx taaxia 
xn iv oi; rynya jya^r jytDDx^s xn .jyi^x 
VPiy-iv: Dia ryaxn ya^aiyp yry- 5«n ,fiPT»« 
ny"? lypjxmya iv B.»nya fyaxn 'v dxt 
(**.p" i jrnxa'ina amax lyn^x ay- [x-i-nt) 

^yta'B^p lytyn its jaitsi'aiNjra ny- px >* 
-i3«o 'penny,, d't;nijk3 .3 oxuya -'«< a«n 
^ar^y^,, D'jiyaJiyBtr pK (1 .sspj "asnpD 
".iy)N3 px ]yT" nyn 
-N- dj?cdij? nj?T on-i2« iVTy 1 " i^jr^ (** 



43 



i:n7dii p« ]yvx 



251 



n&iyn ajn pa jyampya ipBywi ?yaxn «t 

.1264 px ,Px5Dy5xa ,B>^8P pa 

ojn T"ii"n na aanyayi nyn nsrcaaifl 
taaytya o^sayay ijtpn xh jyaxn lyannya 
na ny»\iBJW"N typya jya"? »t ^p»5a 
-in© xh taxnya ?yaxn px nyp^n px Ta*& 
nxa ryaxn «t ikp tytaaycya ijtwb re D"n 
*ipx ftrottn ayn irwew fyaxn »t .taSsnya 
.1239 -inx> nyi pa -isa .fin 1 *! 1 px P"iy» xh 
lyansDtpya p* nyan-iya nyn ina»n isni 
-$a tmno tyB>Hpa j'bpx *phx px Dy px 
.nyona ~iyn taaxaya ,nytaaa>a nyn p^ay* 
ore tnyi tyapnyaax yjs* y-B"*PK urn »»n 

.fytoay^' 
8 typya px iyt:ara nyr psfoyftja 
128^ p»? px nytapxnsa ?ya#PB> 8 t^a B>aya 
■y^ 8 re fypjiryj B^pasw pp Tin px 
--iya t^re pp px taxn ty^ps .firm nyam 
px P^xa D$n ,taaxa wx na ^na iy-i$5 
iax^ D8T mx .a^taynaaix px 5pb rynxpya 
"H85 D8-i a^ayaax ny mwi ,ryay£ya re 
■»5ya xh pnxpya iypn ya^yp ,\wv"i »>» 
yaiynaxpyaa^x yryn px ,ry>is na apia 
aax-iayaa^a nax^ -iy>T pa tyagn jy^D'H 
TWi re axare d^8 .typK re no? xh 
xh tyrx^yaapix |y^ie *pix Tt ryaxn rrre 
-aix iw»n tynxasa xh .1240 px fyixasa 
ran ty^aya txapB8a ny-irpa nyp nya 
ay'a-in'yaDPx px aapnya ?yaxn px lasS 
H^axa ,typx ya"i xh .tyB>aya tyiaypia 
■vute tyanya ty^xaaxa xh pa lyasn ,t? 
-ya a^a ^xa px pnaaix oyryn nxa .y^x xpi 
-iya px nn« yryn nyi^x .yoxy? cxi ryp 
-lypitt :yj x lyrymya Tt axn ^yuixi^ 
ix ya^t:D^a yiy>n t^e jyp^sno8P ^y^ 
8 w tyowya^yosTix ^n fyaxn sn^wr nyi 
px ,ry-:>x yDDxmya xh> jyjya avmnp 
mvi typn axil ,tyMun5nwra y^xe y^x 
y^^intDXP xh px DyD'nanye lynya typx 
-:8 ya^isD^ji w^b xh ?yaxn ,-iisniy^ 
-'ia ayrr. w^m jytj^ifimya iv tyannyj 
-nyax px tD^njyDm:ix ,D^non .p^xa ]W < ? 
w\tr>m PB'nynyj pixd^ v nx tyaxn ryan^j 
"od."j xr. dx"i ,ya»foD": xh px p^xa nyi 
»»» ya^yn ,DjyjH nh tyaxn osafrr ya^ 
iya>inyjix .ixn^ i^yn o»naenwj fya»n 



ya^BD^a yt^^inesp xn ryaxn 1 1179 vz 
Dyn ^xa ,»^nya fy^ia px o^^yix px 
-■'intotfp yaHDa8^*"!X2Dvs: xn pa ^fae^a 
nayayoiya xh fyn^pcaa^p ,iy-:y7 y^H 
,108^ pa jya^ntDD^nx »t px tjrpx xn pe 
lyaya wwyi »t ia»n a^ayp ly^ia in iyax 
.a^xai^ yny^T fia rx^s ryryn 

-■-x xh ix px lyto^x ~iyi r.x^D^^tDy^D 
-ax "t twjn iy sxt ,oia mx ryryiwa \jn 
,vw ny*rO nxn-n^ ayn yiayix px ryayay; 
"t taxn px (myato» BDxoya \]nw oy ixp 
(jy^BoyoB') ryayna re oap^ny ixaxr 
-'tis .iyBBHB'a , ' , ix y^^xynayn o>c niyaoe 
-yn pa fyaa^oxrtyvpo yrn^.B xh ty^ 
id^x (D'ayt^x ayi) a'ayom ay^ hx^d^d 
an o^o niyatso na^a ynaya^xa v» tya^ay: 
••tyDaHB'a^x y^»y"ia 

DDT'a x pa we nyn b^d yatMa x (1 
.jyapnyaa^x layn yi-^a ,yTxa nyiayvM p« 
Dan a n "1 a x idbhb'dix "iyr. ca^c 
-ya BBHB'nix yryn .(iuanyn ny^ amax) 
(2.p^xax^a annax ?i^x tt Dips 

a"5 8 pa tiwj nyi »na yatao x (2 
1 J d rr p ^ a :taaH^Dix -ijn ta^ 
npK'D .(jy^ia ria 3'ay.p npt^D) ^pd^e 
.vagwwo pa aaren^pax xh t»k 
bdi^b 8 tia iia^a ~iyn t^n yzvn x (3 
8 iwn nytaayn nyn px ,yixB nynaysn p« 
.n p b' d :caaHt5»apx nyi d^o ,?yapa 

jyiayvn x pei iia^a -iyi o^d yaiDD x (4 
Taurt nyDay-i nyi t'x D^xn lya^yii .tarn^a 
,snB"D :dp;h iv tasHU'apx ce ,»"iflt k 

px ,dd^b tynayvn n ta^ia yatac n 
xh pipx px lye&yvo x "uxn -ynjn nyn 
(3.x n b» , *2 :Da'HB , »ix myiw x yap 

B8*ix t^x lyo^x "y~ p.x?D\B , oy , Ki aw 

PP «1P1X PX D*18 PP tlPX PX rX"HD P2 

px ,-iytaaynya iyn *pdp8P aijsrvyn ,nyina 

jyrx xh pa yax^ xh px ,1179 imp ajr 
dxhi 118O px .nyaya ^xa jyixiiya ty^is px 
-xiaia c.jn taay^ya lyDayiy; ny-r vd'Wjp 
ya^yp ,Dyay^PHB ywx xn re taayc 



,iy^B pn .tv "\yi ,»yj ^nyaaipaw (2 
.19 — 20 jyea'M nyt ,;r-i«" :! 



J/A 



OfillplS «n 



44 



j^oayo pk v*\ lynsiiw tv^is pk ijtv* 
-:*•« kh bn5»to tynya ryrn »t pb y^PB 
Dsnya jyasn pK nag^ ns ya^ yt)D3"nDtf& 
ya^mi ^anyjiyi un "2 rynyra^, oyann 8 
.B"p*pnye iyn tb Bytaasyi »t B$n 
-spj nyom in "vanisp dj^h 1334 pa 
perK k^t BjpwRDtpya hyDma iyni Tan 
.jy^y^s ayi iiKfrDy^sa pb Dy^ay^ivna 
-"vyaciK in orti ^2VP "W^ns nyTyn 
.;v »k iv Bfl»B>"M*nB y-iyiastya t^o &aya 
■'mine- pk ?y38DB^J |yrK t^» pk iwmp 
jwuw k pk Day^nya tt dnti iy ;o&8B>y 
p»t "pb BBK»ya km o$n pk fyrna yt5»TK 
•W^tk^^mb lytyi tie jyDSJ iyi .ime 
^ jynya pk km .kp'ihdk jynya pk v^wp 
-ftns y&j"^is y^ys .iyt3D^tD k d'ijtp'jk' 
dsv, f "!jru*p sh pa Din 1 lyn jyjyDyn b»5 
.kp'I'Ddk iyyi t^o ta&nya B$n tdmkp 
dki ,iyt3Bnnya lypnKUDM yc^ns yajse 
ay^rc ntfk «h w ew jyuya pk tomsp 
iya8 tram oy nytsay^ya wh>k \ n> t 
-•ia yrnn* kh B$n iy dki .nwroMaiu 
in town iy iin^K h*J Ba^yt^ya oyjy^n 
.lyaaKB iyiB»TK nyr pk oaynnya 
ph tyai8DCj>ya pk lyom iyi "pdmrp 

-yjyD2VK |JB"T DiTK B'B jyttKPV PK 1370 

-■pa p» tyra"* jd^&s »«»tk kh ?yij«j 

njn pb r>y,p -yovy^ iyi uniyj pk iy .jy5 

.DDK^B y^i»8B 

nn pa ty^taiK'Bann kh lya^T iy^n 
»sm n^Dy^a ya^ni f ojfuj£m** y«»TK 
-ya ski wt: iyi tomkp pk ryayjyj 

;*-7itr |yn^« « lya^yj ix .1 .tans 

— t»k p« p« lyp^yntasp «m — nvrj; 
ytr"PN ta^D D^spya jj»«t ya^?n 

•ysyry; 
jyayj ta^yvyj lyiiyj pk ww cyryn 
tyn^K fi^k tyai«.n ya^y^i ^yD^uy 1 kh 
.D^^a^a warii^ws^iK tao^ 

DDjn dki |yayn jy-pK -3 ps 2 .tai« 

■?maw n«s jyoip D;V |yn .4 .^i^ 
«•«- jy^«T ,]jrp« jytpnix lyo^pj^B 

•yD«p j)3 
« w-iytpya iDDnp s |yn .5 .tn« 



y^^nn»»p ytj'^^B kh pa o^nero ijn 
.o»x nyjiy 1 pb jo^d^j 
iy ds*t. pIjtp* n onJ'iK'ya iskti iyo 
jyo ps ,irp Dya^^Dnp k tsy'ann'yj dkti 
Tt tD^n iy r^2 Q-iiD' iKfi&yJis nn^K, osn 
esn iy d-ki*. r iyaynaiya ayn p.» jyiwa nroo 
tsn jyo o^n "njmj»„ fytu^T .fyaiKJya d^j 
kh nyas .Kf^vinstt'W t'ans o^ynanya 
"W fyj^yjnya ens lya^n ya^yn ,ya^DD^j 
~Kn nyr'K Djn oanarwa iyo k^ii f jymyryj 
•^^k nn^ d'd ?^t |yo D«;n ^nyrn^ayj jya 
CiKnya kiio ryasn "t itybK^ p»t iy:yianys 
,tk "iyi u 1 : tnyii Djiynanya ejni lyo^tt 
jo^yDcnya in tMfn lya^yn f 5jn\"o iyi ikj 
rypyiya in toyn tk iyi pk jytw nxn Tfi 
ityay? tya^^a toyn px jyoKK' pn »*o 
jsxnyn iy~ r Twrwa nyi iiK^Dy^sa 
,Bn*K «n w tju inyi tjniyj pk ,^^kp ?w 
iyDipy; tt«v t M t PK nyanyi ryrn Dy pk 
-3jr5 yjynyrcnya pb lyi^K y^ya jyi^na p« 
i:k^ pm pk ijn^K pa Sikv kh 1 ryn .iyi 
■ya n^Dy^a tutn ,D»rto inyi jynsnya p« 
jny"t tyo^^ya is yflonj tb lyo^Kn 
b»n iy pk .ymvi vwwwvi nn yDayn 
-npia pa asm? s t,yayay;DniK 1264 p« 

AW* Vfi Dya-y^ 
iyn*K fyatjn Dy^y^imB D'-n^oy^Ka 
-ami yaa^D pk — ij»"fT"*ia yoma tyayaya 
;y^n& ya^DDnp wr. Km yiyoyia ryoan 
yoma jyayaya »t iwjn ?yo wyoKaya lya^n 
iv toayi dki nax^ ps ty^nasn m yoayn 
iycnya iv pk taayvKis *pik i^Vi lyn 11 ^ 
-ya iv jyD^aiya aayiDr* dkh ?ya ;niaacD 
-onp tyasn tyaiKi »t okt ,?yi^K fwn$fw 
iyo pk ,.|jrww ytyu^yi iv Di^a Dya^to 
i^iiya t^n lyDKaiya lytsDnp inK o^n 
■jyoonp mv njna»p jwh^k ryinypya iv 
toan^iy jyT'K k^i dkh nK^Dy^a .Dints 
-^w Tfi lyT^iTDisanya yay-a^K lyaKn iv 
.ryts^nayay^yaaK-DaK^^yi pk ryoyvKis 
?yaKn tjn»« iv aai^yD^ ya^^ayo yiyn 
1319 p« .lya^KaaKa D'uKDy^a wnuvi V^ 
jy^^nB oyi o«n pytsyps^ iiK^DnK^n pni 
inK iv ts^n j^vita^DaKP k jyayaya pSxb 
na "t tsKn pk tyan. pk osnyj iin>« kh 
jyayaya D$n ny ya^yii ,yi5Dy"i y>8 tyaya 
."i3»? ?"t pa lya-pa ynyiaK kh 
kh iwn i,yta"v ya^p^a vwi pr 



45 



■uN7Dri p« p;i\s 



25-: 



Dy^tao'np 8 tayt^itay:i tayn 15? om 
-yntasp "*n pr nny kh jysnsi /Tr»p 
-jit B'Txmt? d,v jyn .jyr« "n p« jyp^ 

,tT78S PS MWH^tyya SH TS ,DTI8 

kh jyta78my nyjjfrpJK k*h |j;si8~ 

Tym87py^8 nyi dnvi cj8"ib» yratyr 

jrtfw |yHj*nj?J ]yr\&$i ta78n -iy jyn 

.tjnw &pik iyapvnfiWJO»n« taa^ nnx/T 

1¥ tasn'riy 0^3 pk oy -10 .BIS 

pk d«ii nyi jik ,Tyrrp y^TK jy:y':i:; 

-J?3 7KT ^ajnsnys I> T V^ T N 3n^w 

a:: 8 k*ii fynyn Manor 

pK ijrp*frpiB*P fjwfcj j3»»x w p» 
-y.2 "t p.K tjtw jhptk i&qp'na jy^pe 

-jh Dy jyn^n »t .'niniMPi»np nm \vinvp 
.mse jrb*ru s ts p^&n 

jysnp is "is |ya^T p;tk 11 .tans 
Ijnrrmxjs p« jrwii yafryn ijyaTK 
.nsnayDy jnyus p« t^na 

-w* ijfiNjtarurfl tjn\w p« t«3;t»k uni ,-un 
jyn wip »onp s own ,jn*snajPDy tmffn 
-jms' ^sinyoj? us imsa i'qpk Ban tk a 



,31111 d'bi^ «m j^kt JIB ?"T X PX B^ynjRn 
-!?.•; Binypy:nya'R jysm mi op tin dhd jyn 
<?kdj"p -'K ^xt ,;nr,»' j»a ?n jyn jjyiKn 
.jpaonp lRii .jy'nmnR ps cn» am pK jm b. 1 - 
a 'norm Tin jynyBysnR lytyn jyi'Ti jik jyvx 
,anVi» pa -|*k jyn ;Dy^u lis "lysyyya djh -ike 
I'snK jyayjtya j'n^D bka bk; brii ,min rh 'jxt 

I^JJiE J?3"T B»0 QNH B8« J^S^jni ]1K »J'D J!1KX 

-ij?s to r mnii yanyjntae* on sjnK u?ayn»yj 
.l^inj? - ,; T1x ninny p'a 11m iik ;iyD'iia» 

pK ^jni'B nyT iypK2 va px >jhr i^^Bniro^K 
".jdk ,:pa"K bjmk lymynya pk jinn's 

-ns pa MTiaisni; kh bo t'x ^i , ^^!: , ir;i?n 
-2ix kh jib lynxiiyj jyDiayaiyn'K t»x x*t ;iv 
---y,- jib ,Bi;HJimnx' htb12 ps ysytyj y^HKJ 
-xp oy^'B lynxn nirayasirTyj ycO'ie xn ya 
nn Ei'syj f mpo ji»p bo nxn tx 3'ix .btb 
epiK ;;ts lis ny^e* x lis dixe pa^any ]x 
.liroyDn ps ]yuiBXBtr kh 



.ftnytnys j«t p;t;-,- QT-pD's^p -*■: 

|y?nys ^isi 7W yiy«T8 8 p« ••*--• 
■"1*1^ yosp nys^j^yp nyi ps -s--2U' 
p« ntanyn nyn ny"r« Tyeya djis 

V" 

p;-%s 8 jyp jyo -8 p« 7 .tans 
jnys k^t v a • jynynty n ^yw^is 0^ 
c*,s in ofryuBn Dy wn p;r^ ,t282.y: 
50 ps i.vr;?p a^ t^s* yz^;~ ,-z s 
t; ?st p;rsT -;:^7p p»-.|ypT8o ta \y27*'T 



( :;: -Tltf ps n s nta -iv 



— ««« ....... 



-KDjriys kh ipm B3KDyiyB3'K "ipnyt i* 
.nyiny xn ps d-ixc kh px jyiyiiw ;'"i ;-■: 
Il/n^ jp'jna px Bits ijrajp p« -•;••: ya^pn 
.jiraonp bid lycysxis j'K jjn'K te Bin'Byj3'»K 
nyintp xn *y3j7^ l*' 1 ^. :BpBn^j;j uxn I'yiyj dki 
,B»tiT niTD is wiBtr x spiK inyBW tr nm "N" 
yjys^yB rh pk ?j;b'p p,x n^B j'K ]xr-u;-;:!< 
nyi^B' xn dik ".2xp j'b'ik Cbyo'iiBw) -"u-.- 
-1111 yjv;:, cxi -xn ,i ,:< ^"-; Jinj/H bjkti?J "n* 
"lys (itHjynynt:' -)jn) "ij? iy-„ :BD'Bwys ij;b 
tya-iys »m iy a'bnKsya ^KD 'nT -, t :;-r 
-nyB ,?xb lys nyix BiyBKBiy n ;' uni ;p*ikd 
BSixnyj Bxn Dxr, nyi ".oysKia 2;r -»jr anyo 
-yn B^D i^aKByjJK brh ninnw kh iiwKnRS 

jrtyn jk in jnKDnyn "px ,tk In^« 
xn px (n — b - S 1 ;y2RBB>3i2 — 
kh tinx jynyjyj j'nyD bkh bkj -x- ,,— t 
il?Tj;n cxi pi'D -Hxs j'bmr r,:n— •;:*';:■-•:• 
-yn is jynyntt' bbbixh xn •:;:--;" T "* ,'■:: 
",:sn"n px inun pk p BDnp jyv 

:bji?xe Km lyv.yj nx nymtt 1 nyi i'.s •j-n-:-.v --- 

Dxr, ,bxj "iin — ji^a'jyn bkjs vb -n- mtk„ 
pino p,x B?n ,Hiy jik ^d>h iycxB--- -_xr 
pa -px rxi tRi; pk jpoi^a ^xhb jik ;-n: 
.I'D p,e BiHKD "iy DKn a.**T^w - 1 : aonp r;- 
kh jy^KB^a I'D ;v-x; ,;H?:r pa -px ;;••• ;ik 
a^nn^DiiM ii?'jdiw bkh ytrnx ya^ini jib ,;•;-- 
_£ ?itr pa i»k jyn jJitfjrnpiM *-xn >mj y:-y |ix 
jik ii'"E "ipa'nD'n x jif3p"ia*ij;B -•" ^ki .-••" 
jyn ;dv^bt»^3 jik B"npJR"ip jrt»>3 xn ipKBya 
yyin ,t\M j"D r rraB»a j"D prx? ,^H7;r pi px 
■iys nnyn ^x; i<k p,n jya-iKfiys jyiyii =•-:■; 



254 



taflJIplX « v 



46 



\ywn p« iV'STi p/TR lV"n -18 .rang 
fiK mm |y:y: yys'ryn is «t dir taDRj 
,c|^n |j?ay:i i2t v r -|"»t p^RTtaay jytaonp 
taaR-itatrya T»B*n p^taDnp kh iv^yr 

-y^a -r ijr^oTiB ^r; si |w»! dv 
,iyT,R tb yvyrya-w D'TDn.Rp jw o'iirSd 

t |3T«pWJ OBR'naya JjTT. 1'VJ^T yfl>jm ,RH "iyas 

-yw tjh pa *i ijyn r fyaya iv aiaya m^ 
.jyTR sn iv yyivp y^nna yryn pa aatf 



-as onoya oy iy tasni "layn sn »•■£ dihh 
^ntana ta^a D,y Dip iy jjrn i^br rtyanp 
ayn pr tasn yytw jrti*n Dj/tyn ♦tasflBtt 
nyi orwB8faj"n anjruinnmr lytaanyv 
.^npJififi' ,w*$ pa xiiRawjR ^su^asny 
nytwn " DJjnyna njn .13 -tans 
jyn ,|jrpK 8 fiasco jyp (Hya^taD'np) 
7n? taDJRT ;]y:3?:«i ta^j tasn tr nyi 
•nytaD'n -lyt^VR r ftDBryD p;tr R 

jy^nx em jjrpR r fyc |yp □'•mta-Dna^ 
.patwa r jyinypiXBiK 




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•NTUS? p» "wz iy":„ iyi is on: R 



isa pr p^s naia yoi; rh nyaR nyta^aiR 
tt pr tymytaty-iya ^n« *nsi jyo r j.iJWi ta 1 : 
-a-snyi urn rypHTVDnR t y j . j y i b t? 3 r 
-»bj-"« dri-i lyajna rh tiny^piy iv pr typ 
-ya va tyair jyo «nsn tir .-lyaHD^H pr "iya 
nytaaynya nrj«t ya^yn ,?wmB! ya^ytR lynnn 
TnjRMft* y^P^ pa ya^oya^s rh iv 
rh pr oaasT .-lyB^aiR itcntr rh pa ivd 
nyoDya iyi .lyaisiiyaDmR B^ans yvasa 
ay^iv j:ipi>ii pn taa^ tany^iya ?yp»Di8 
ay^iv "is:st ,jyi8ia ynjyjj^p-^ta^n nsa n 
r:$* ]VP \vd vrfw ,iyoiyn j»md»h ya^oy 
^.n Biinuo ?yo ?yii ,iin^DD'i« taa"5 

ryayiD^ n^o pk jjnn^any pa taia ix in oy 
-.V .T^yo nu fx Cxi d^ii wn ,dnm 

p« iyt?D^na .nyD^uyDBnya d»ii tya^itf 

."iynjy.TVjR 
■*t nyn iv taiiTay; o«n ajiajnDtJ' wy^i 
■»n td .Diot^sjniK'T "lyjspnyo^. iytMs:yj 
■ytiin tyvj^a p« tyiH^yosPjn ta^ on»« ty? 
--iya nyn"? pk ny ;yn ,tyD^ayj *iyjjjn:.s^ yi 
lyax ;DiDT^8JK l! v«DjyD p« d«h iv tyasnp 
o^o ,iyo^T ytaia BBitfjfrB'mvttK dkh iy 
"o«st ny^j,, nyn pa nyayaomw »h ya^yn 
jy-iycys x ?yaxn iv din jyvijya Tt i,yanx- 
.fyjjinyvya y^» p« a^a-iy 



wn iv ona tya^vnyn -lyraix typ 1 ^ to 
-ny i^iay jyaxn ya^yn .tyD^aya nyasnau^ 
-»d «: tyayaivD^iK cqwi jyo^s "W"t ta^i& 
ya^vnyn o>o .aaita^v yp'tas.npBiDsrr^v 
tiBDKP ay^a "lyraix nns td tyDnya yn>na 
»h ts ,iya$n to ."ta^v y-«j„ «n isns 
n« tyay^ lyaas^ n jyasn oyiT "ta»v y^a„ 
aaiD^v wnjrajtf n« yDDany stk trixni tayn 
-x*„ wn ¥py\ ,\%'u% t ? pw nyo^anR rh i.rb 
lyta^anx »n nxa lyiiya pr "aaiD^v nyo^a 

.p-iR^ v: ?'R 
-ya ,D-iya"-its> ^nyo tyaRn r^t no iviyi 
n?a""w iv lynyo^nya drii ya^yts D"iyna.^r 
td o>m R.m .yosD rh tyn^viv pr ly^a^s 
pyoia 5 ynuny «n pa ty^noniR jya^P 
-iy ryaRn to ya^yn ,"o^v ny^a„ "iyi pa 
PR tyosaya jnytaiR tt tya^nona .jyo^sn 
r^ tw pr enya"*w y^^RaiR^T ytaay 
to ."oionaRpn^R,, jyaRt iv rt f y?yo»aR 
-ii-Ujf pa ypm pr oir rh o^onyn tya^o 
-aHayiinona Rn pr aannRany rh Rni ,jya 
yooasaa^R rh f'R jyaamwa^nR o«p 
Dy ryaRn iyo^aiR ycn^R rh na tyt^ip 
nyjmjRS yiyta^R ,T^TORa .oany^ya niR 
>itr diothr^vrd oyi tynyoBnys jyay^Rp 
-»Ka "iya*ayn ta^a onw lyTT pr to Rni taia- 
y^^TR rh. jyny^panR PR lynny^ya raiR 




objm yroo^j *r~ 



.jyxjN?s p« nvn pa p*t&> -ijn 



tava p^ iy?,yn ijfnjrt t^j jyjyp td :?nxnax 
-ayaPDiK ya^jnamya nymis jya^iK ynymx 
■ama ^yi jyrymya oenyre raxn wn ! jy- 
yi2:«Bn«^ bbuik lytnny^ya "wpis 
Kpa"M Daxoyja$j cxn ny i-yn ,&"* nyn px 
.jytDayDnyaopy D's5nj#>3 pa 
p« lyr^rnx d*j ki ^t fyjyp "ve 
£"yi, ,-iyanx"i ^kbj^x pw ^yBi^yvj^K 
-i>,p ijn-'^ t>so jyaxn pi6^-y»KD nyraitt pa 
pn lysnm fy>yii to •■WBiyn yipuayta y: 
■njn |Vp IX» ^tb wn ,;yay;nya'x fyvnip 

tyo*D iWftD5KiM-«K p« "lyaaya nyi 
D$ni bkvi ,*ikdb> x?x iyamaya Vv pk wan 
K'U ,TW»J*fi nyi p« jya^p iv n^yn kh 
k a»n k tMj'ttfnjn tyia wni nyix ~i^siDs?e 
taa^n p»» nyryn .nam* k "lya^x jftyajnw 
no«$a tufn aa/atpa yj>n "a •p:yDynsaDS£ 
"an px tajx-ito DNin r «uft9CB^ »T,s taamaya #? 
pk osn) tb^b dvdSkp tyDsa ayn y^Dya 
^Biayo oyn ana Syayw pa aattoaynya x 
ya^anamya pn vi t^aya nya^jni ,bvb5kp 
ayn jwnp w n&j» kh axn dkm px (^kp 
ttfxn twa ;xn*i aynax] p^-nyay-ixaexa 
Twwijfjw xn lytaaix y5»n yvmp x arrx 
-KB ^yp^tap jhnxw x npynya jy» |.yii .jy^ 
tyo ttxn ,tb^io bvb^xp y^yv^a x t^o nys 
.jjftnx-iwjp uwapaivB^x ttayontaBa'x |x 
3'W ya^tawp x n.xi ax^ ;t:« ,t,.yasT jyp jyc 
T» ya^yii ,iy^inix~iBSJ> yryn lypnyoy:: iv 
-vtaxa lytaix b*d tynyt t^a "ixa aea^t yayr 
lsr$nmtMny ».h *na x^i iyi ; jmn jya^ 




-ya^opx jyiDsiDy^ 
■yjy^iya^N pip t'k 
tjh rx f pKiwa jya 
■ya Twt'WMOB 
s^u«^a "iyt5-iny^ 

dijjd ay^a raxa 
lyayayj tyo^a k o^n iy ya^yv, ,iy^nxnD^' 
-m^npiyn ya^t tup "iy ^ni ,fy5n.«To^N 
"iyivjvx ayi px Daxoyj tytaayonyaapy ya 
_ tjn x 1KB axii,, .»03 w tropap iyn pa t:yt3>r 
IK~ t»k axn ,Tit3»a nyn px ly^yap »m y^ 
pa raytoanpy nyn px anyn^tya r iyay^*«!VJ 
.jyair ra ^kj Da^pa axi ^yvjisi px nrn 
-xie tasy^ iyaxr nypn^E ytriny^yj y^y^a 
■yay ya^xm ,|y^nxiDL- D'x^jx^a wn aya 
".oBx^jya^viiDxa nyn pn i^-ya ay^j k \y: 
iiiiww ,iyayn^y; Mjn axn tm W 
tk ,dpkb ayj^ny^x ayi nnK ikbj^k ^m 
01 ) Da">a niDKa iyn px aji^^ny yi^^ 
iy^'^.xjix nyn n^x jyiip"vn nyoniya « ins 
-ya nynjy^ jnain?>^v»x y^x px tx px ttfjm 
■^yn ^yp-ixaaxj ytD*in.y5ya y^y^a t»,u jyj^a 
dkii jya^no iv |yjya x^ii jyto^aiK ya 
Dxn ,ayn;x*iB jy^taa^a pa nx*i xh iv^m 
t3^a i^ex r |yjxT iv t^WKSY) xh ,n^» ^n 
-:ix tx ,iyj>Byja s ix tsjni jyo dxt ,D'a^nya 
-iya pa aiyanyp xn ^^x xn\ ^tx w nyr 
in pa jyrx^ ,|yvix^a px nrn yayny^ 
.|.y^nxnt5^ ya^ytiKi d^-ik 
r isa jyj^p "i^d ^k^ ;"iyas ay : s s ^tk 



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D v rix jytip [yDPJXJPX tx ^jipyimy pyi is 
pyax r»ip pni> "lyryn .ty^ixpafcy yomy: 
•ly'Tiyj xn pa pyi;^T ^ypiDio kh jib o>j 
D'j jyr^nyn^* v 1 ^ ^t jye \yp ayp pa 
iy-i tiiy-n jxp) myi x is cpm ;yn |gm tu 
dipx eruruwi \vo jyii pyi^iu ,(~iyDypj pnr 
Dyjyaywa {yanx oyn bna *iu « ^ya^x 
nytany wi tx ,$» tonyr fin .nx iyzDpoarp 
-jyimnyj *iny» jyaxp ya?jm ,*w tumi* pa 
nyt^K px nxn nyniN .pypyn fyj"«> ,Diyo 
"lyryn *pik \vp jjo .iyBD"c ax iy;";r a$p 
pnyo t* jjfyayj ay "aS.ii jyo^K'ya yrm 
•lyuwye \viv ,s 2 ijnviyj 
-y;px:; "Pxa jyaxn yonny s y; y-y-;x 



jx oann p"a?iD~a , , ,| sp.xp ayi *nx |y?«a 
-t*ob> dkm .pyppyn iy; ,, L" is pxutr -yy- 
upyn pyjrap'P r^x ^y^pxpBc^y x — yp 
jy^ypjin x p» ■^^T'taxj /ra^i'D-DVDPXP 

.lyo^v 
pn\s tx pxa t»t ttfytM? "lyovx ,p; 
pyzy^ rnx |-yyfoorp iyry~ pyva DpyoK> 
-ya irpK tx px pyaiyp ny"R pa onn kh 
oj-^r T"a^io - Dvo>xp lyi *m ,\vn wwo 
? parun fycy^ nrvx t^yn, &xn — Tjr^yn 
-y; pyp asp px lyixa^nx t^j q^K pjni 
pysiyp py^x p.xj »u£ immj*j ,;yp:>'~ 
--ya^x w *pt aix '? lyppxput" yo^iiyj cnx 
-yp fyp^anaD^x in^x uyn ,ayi px lyr^v 




.aKIJXnKiTjnN "ijn 



"D^x tyaxn px cyax - a D'ytissaixa' t^axn 
.iy»"n?yvj"K yBJx.ayiym , 'K "vy fynayj 
^ysyaa Wjin "lyyM -nxnny pyDiny^y: iy- 
-^yaytrya yprr^p ra^n x^ ,a6jn.$ay;DXJ 
-nmeeny D^n« ryts?^ ;yvjx^s y\* px i,y^ 
jjt3"B» rixps x pa iy?"no y^x t^j -lyr 1 
3|M lia |ytx? pyny s !i : ^bwz niv ,^«?i 
yoTu x .jyoi^a xm ly^nxiLv." "vrye d^px 
r Dpi»a iyp t9ip j:it3 i Hy2 yD^nax-L-'^yDm 
iv ix oa^irt n-ynt x fyn f o"v iyp px dxp 
.-ypixDL" ly-Smneeny xh "ypyn r |yowni 
-yp Dni pxj b'J tynjiapya xt s x [yrn "? 
oro t'ix pyiiKt 1 ,rymyj tia n^p^oy-:: 
pna »D"n dxi jyoT^kruji pa opixny; cy- 
•r;zv i ' pfi oysKis fyxi«j £.yi 



nvn p£ T'tk xm ^yL-^yc y-y-:x pe mya 
iyp~iy»ya e-yn nrfx ;yii px ,iyv38*a px 
Dim ^Jirwny ypjyi^^r-iy ya^y x 1 -; 
TyT-j^PTj; iv jyax Bpy^ x lyzsn pv." inpx 
jytynya oxp "i-n^x tjk ,npyn ys;xj smsa 
omx t»;t pa tyrx^ onys-pyp yr'^x;-^ rx~ 

.p^' fybnwj « 
.txnuy;. y , t^Jxa^xL• , p^cy; axn dx- 
p ispin baxnay; amx dxp >»sns x cj "yax 
-:ix ;y3xt ytipxp b^d oyaxia px^ pv - :^; 
-yj lyrs^p jypxr ytfyiK .pm jyo^iyj x pyp 
-xp dxp *iy .|y^nixnDr-iy d^tpn p , '- , jnin , r 
-Din pa Mippm xh tyairpx: (yo^yj on 
p "t wxniya \w ^yix "t bp»tti \m jyn ,r^yp 
mncaya nn'K ay ryaxn ayaxia yry- px 



49 



tatyn j^pqd": K"H 



257 



"Bjy vt iMowun px i>yra ^ts pi ,tinswriya 
■no iinjyjptatjna/ pn fjunaam xrx jjtpjn 

PM nrn y:?x p* to dxp ,p>iaxa un pa 

.lyPPXPDC DPPX TT PB IVT^> jyVJX^E 

MKWnjNM** pm a^taapi *iynnyjj*i« 
-ytrir-y^y; ijn dmm Dyas-PS mh tw ;ypv 
v-ist-D^'py xh t^a taaxoya otp ■'y^sy'rjn 
-.y-rx m>m fito jyp- dot ,dpnb ijn -iyr 
-jy dppm tt pa mm dp>P ,^mt x taa-pa jjjb 
tin Mmawe-'viK crx Bgn ,tjr5n*TBB> 
yapyt dm 1 - apx ,tyTans vat jypJMpya ayn 
.\y::a^p dppm otx^ jyo jyp ,5>me nyi cj pm 
-pjjdmp m Dappaya ny tup ayaxpa yrv p.me 
f ljru ,1 ^t Dy:y>XDy» m pm >ypy5: x ,[mb 
»a .pK^vafc' "Pis Tim tyaaxnya< pm dnp 
,op-iyoya *iy dmh p^iyexp m D">e BMfr tyny 

|ya"lfc> IV |M tMJKB P'-EPPD fiVO^p iy*1 Kill 

xn tm ,;rppya lyi^p x px oy DMn ,py^>yn 
cyn T^n jyanyaDPPx jypyp W?ftammr\li 
jjrpn to jyp itbim .aaiaypya pm aiM^p 
iy^nM-D:L"-|y kh jypyp ,yD»t*> yap.ru m trc 

"DPK yUMKBTHB' TliMl Bsri DOT .pypPMȣ' 

-pm »»n Mm ,py taainytMiK tavy .jypaya 
-nmotrij; «n tapnKtat^nys jypjyi iyT 

pyp tm px; ,pp ta^j xpia }"P 5pi tm 
pyp mo nyp jj» pm jypypaiKit, tap n.^j tt 
-jy pa yE s M ^yi ta^o fy^syjopiM ta^v 
-: x j-jjBpjjfi iv taayoniaopx tx ty^msnoL" 
r-svi" lyaya^pnya iv ,taaMnp yiwpivi< ~\Vt 
...-xj x pyv, pm can m pm oy pyp> ,o"ii TIM 



-a^v x tyaaypa ot tm >yp yfrmpjn 
xn dkp> ,DoyoiPtaDPx ayp x pa aou 
"5yTyrDtaytap*nnpy?y yppaya^x,, yww*i 
PM p^iya pM Bftfoe^jo^n ^^n "dem^' 
m'~; pM yon^a sh lyuoyDivEM owi dwii 
*>y .ty}Mjn» ya^pypx ypytPM ps D^Yia 
}M pa onyor'y2 pM fiMPJxnMPDPM dd^p 
|y^niM~io^-jy;r)iyp oenwi dmp ,umpmbm 
"MP>NttXB jy^n«*iDtj> yryn -pyapyp ayn tim 
--yvi r tna nyp pa \y5"np kh tbpd«j i^te 
ayp pa ya^n "yi taro' .DErnyDPx fyo yp 
fynynyi im ^j jyo |yp dmpmbm j-ya^yr 
... LVJ , ^j/ig^a div r tiw px jyaxT yiDjnia 
mpi ,;yt3DyoBX tix pypiM,:i ,Pnp m pa ^ 
}»p jyo ,tjp,MP p^ tD^D .|ypn •>">) dppj 
L^s- py mp"i ptm ,jy^33na m ^pn jypip uvy' 
.tm^ ?ia jyjMD^ya 



y^o^BPMr px x^TjM^e ivaj^ni pyta^n 
-n ly^y^ar \yfrTwnw\y xn tm ,jyTypiya 
,ty^piXPD^ jyjn « T^Jiiy Tt tyaypa px ax 
$yp'sn nyi ocianya pm:mt dxp M^^M^a 
av^ya tt iv tt$n w*um jjfpjna py^r pa 
-it PME x^v, rx^ P3 0^3 -yzx ,yorns x ep» 
pipi, ,dppoi^x pa pjrwijtt M^nvncw \y: 
^oanapH xnyKKfofb vx ^xtayo iviyi 
ty^pMPDc-ry k.^1 jjm wftwnutrw mhi pxb 
-n tyaypE ,yo'nE dv^o^x |x tix jy^xa 
ix jy»pyj »m DD^n dxp) pya^x ^pxp tt 
-ypyDtr x r 5p'fiP"a niv ,xpi ^injjni pyp^x 
-yj pa jytsa^Y^ya tDpyn dxp ,pyoxp px y^> 
t3>jMMj> ivd |jm .(|y^pxpD^ lypr ya^jnyp 
p^dxb jy^Mo^ x yDPPa xtx pyoj'-iP! p^a 

"lyB X T^H IX IV tM"¥ r Ta?10 DPD^XP pfl 

-jy xh pa jyp ayp p 1 ^ pp jib ajny&na 
pyp pa Dppx jyp^rpxo "t fjm jjtfmcTBB' 
■nt3DPx yopityj pa yETp lyi t^s ,yDtns 
^y^E pv ,D]yaypyjopx M^pix^a n$r\ lyDjyn 
«t tt"n xp\ px tt *yaypa fy^nxput? »ypn 
.]y^nxPD^-|ypi xh pa pp lyp^'j'pyojix 
oxp oyaxpa jramyenjfa pc x t^j 
.jy^pxPt>^ kh tx ,opypo:y tvm y^JXBPx^ 
pp p>a tytM^ lyvjx^E px npn ,iyL":yo o^xp 
lyopJiB yopiy; px tn p^p^trny'L::^ dppx 
-px pyDDPtDa^p. nyi .ly^px-orpy xp ps 
-j;yppyp ompi ,pyryn aap^xa t^x mwnam 
pimb PDaPBPPi p-:yDL ,,s xa t s x dppo^m 
}ySiM.PW yoppy: ^\y tu^nrraffl f iy^n«PBB'-t3J 
i^ax .dppx pp pa lyrx^ iyor':s;-x dxp 
^,mv >yt350 x px dxv ,dppdi>m ^yuy^a m 
np pa ^vin x i-iM ip: pvj- tar^ ,jn 
pp ps ttTx^ BMP pytJi'M dxv, ,xfirwno0 
^)-\ wvnxv oxPi ^y^^x-'DL" xn -d^px 
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-djx ip D^yDr jyo |jm jyD^xmyE d^ pyo 
px xp dmp ^ymyp dppopx y^; x ;y;yp 
Dy jypp [y^pSiiDL" yry- .p ,_ i ^xv x pmjmt 
-nxpttr xn pyax .fy^nx-iDtrpy yvDan xn 
lyD^xppys tP3 pxj ny»3 li^yp nxn jie jy5 
T3*im iyo Tin pEPyn ^M^tswi dvpop>x jib 
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rwn ^ytpx pe px -pse ^yrpx pa tyrs? 

■lyny^myE t-yi^r 

pa p,x |y^px"iDL"py kh pa ntiw? sn 
jyrx^ typpy: y~iy:r,x dxv iy"-x~DL" «n 

px px t.ypyp"^y^ ix- iyp'* »tt pa dp^k 
pa DyaxPB yDvyr 1 mh mpi jyoavpn y-y- 
pp fyjyp ina ^yax .Dy jyv^v ytnrw?\v:i 
■p>ysj"« y^yPi'yED ya s yrx b^o 'yav;ax d^: 
"iv a^ys -^dp'vx rx taix ^n^: .jytD".n 



258 



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ijni tr put* ntR bbap Dy .ay^r p* »u 
iv dir .pnvttpyaDpya D3jD"v aRpDytyt: 
B^na ,o3y»noD^N jyryn tyvuya |yjyp 








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D,y D»n DDrtfyr pyirany "iyi wii ,ityoaRL" 
-Diys k jyouyjaRpR Bijn "y uni ,?$nt>y: 
ertRW lyi p» B-ws lyD^ny: r pa invop-ye 
.Mjaa"* nyi>yjp5»a *pw r^i f njy* 

.jy^n^sny jwn "lytnyn inks s 

yBin^wv y5« pa lyiyn "wp fypy 
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iWjtn »n pa y^s d^: .tyanrsny iwmiB y: 
dwi ,y*« b>: jik ,nBpyn uw»op«nfi R "Was 
■yj tynyn ,narum ijwowne R lyasn ry:yp 
ypy> .Ba«B>5yty:i wei^n iy- pR M'Via 
^«5a Ban BBNK'jyDM'i nyi pR MipynBjy 
-ny yj jny* pR f |yi3na»flny yrpn k d»vik 
pr Dy .tyjjnyoyaonK iv B*wa junra 
■W x iv Di,T2 yaftm ,B"p ya^pqyjiR jk 
i^vpnipa pa tyji^iw y^s p« DypiRpa iy s 
•tyay^ p« jyu^pa^Dyripya m pa 
-yj "iy^ , DD^Kti ,, SKp pyp px /t^vbrJ 
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k tynjiany pw D^n |y» r» ,jyD"i^ y^x b^ 



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n iyjy> iv rt3N?s D3"?3 # y>yBoyp «Hi ny- 
triiTfi tyo "iya?yn pi'in ,iy^Ka ^yp^D^ 
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nyn jyay^ jya^K ovst^Kayc « w: f.ruia 
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-R3 jynyt iv oa^^ny pR ^iRt s ^ 10 DT-yc 
r .ii .t R ,3nya ,ojn"ay:i ,\vuzx;:'-:x- taayn 
nyn e^yiiy^ fyo jyn .o^v, r:x." ly.*'" awm 



51 



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-ya --L" in t,-pk n;yp ,fya-x>p *v jx nan- 

iyjKpni/o« in pa. jjnj^any xtx d^d tfnna 

: 3J1MVX nxnaya^B ?pix xm ,"U^Jv»yn 




,iypyn x n^ nyrn x ixa3^x px nxn 
nimoxayD lya^nyiiyj x Tin px nyay^ii 
fyay? 5yayw yty»Dyp x &■>» jynjianya 
■yn pa y^ynyn xh tym ,n^v nyn px .fyyinx 
ftttuyn x nmx in wvv ,tt Bnynn Typ 
y5yajw x fx »a»n px yj^njxnao x ?inx 
,wa nyr n3yay >yn3yn TyT3X rx ryii ,yixi; 
•ax^s pa lyijivy^x tsnyn Tyn^yn 
ox oy>x fyoynya no nxn *imx jyn 
tivk nyi^x pnMwina ny^x nxa jyn^iv 
nx3 T» VPK bJSKp ,|yax^ twy^yj in n*r 
nxfii, ,*iy^s nyn na nya px jyvDys jwht 
txnanx nyn ,pmivy33x o^n nypyn ny^x 

.B"3*|.X pM 



,tyrB>Re y-;y-,x2L"-y-o"2-x ya^ytx in 
,nyaHxn ixzr'x namay3 no iynyii yaSjfii 

jynDHXnO'XP XH tS*»J I" 1 ? t^J*'",? ny >"11 

-,x |yj?nay«?ya iv nyr^a onxp Dy >»»n 
">a |.jnjni oj«n ,5>y*SB>»a niv ,5xt .-.yn^a 
nyn ,iyj^xn b^d ?yay^nc>' :yvia iv iy3H 
ya^yrx nrvvrana is iy;:xa:x tyriKO jyn 

|y;^xjD 
-•»&»> iyvia »"»o ^ps^a nyn ;jyia tx 
xh iwmi jyr^y^x px xi T»n px -;ya 
xh >"n r |yiwjtt pa b^prnya Djwro-injf 
-xn nyn fyjy; tin iyannay3 lynnnxn^axP 
jxnn tDyii nyn : mynuTK xtx mnp^v 
,$jrap™a nix ,nyn mm ,B"aix ynnxna rh 
-wnnnxnfxn nyn px 5ya>OB> sh iyvia 

? nax^yry 3 
-|X3 'pxt ;nxany- tttj ix3 ~n ®pyrw 
naxtry3ax\ naxt^yTy3 yc"nnnxn ,, axP xh 
-j^x jy>yn td xm ,tynyi nmx oyn ,\y\yv 
nya ix iw^kd jia jynyn »»«5anyfl IK© 
-y33X3ix ,ynnxne y^x xh bx T3ix tyixa-j- 
-XDy^xna dxh ,D^aix vi^ivv |ix y»ny; 
"iyi iv nix ,jxd lv jy33ixnvy3 |y;^? nyn 
T* oyii jyo 1x11 ,*ii3 px hd^; xh lyn^xn 
ry3^xn iy3^ny3 \yn t^yn ,pnn inyp x -1x3 
-3ix piyDa^Hiy iv px t3ix nxa lyis^anx iv 

.jyay? njrr 
-^aiy yixanyi3xr xi ^nx ^i«t ny 
^ia nn^x e^t nyoxb ^y^ac^a niv .jy33n 
^yivix nyT iyn3 ,| V3X px fyanniva^x -^n 
nypyii i-yi ix: mi ,yaxp fyaxpiva-x z-k 



wi^niye n« psmx ynn*s rioDinj^iip 



--yLv-z-x xn jyonayr nx oaina^w sh 
yayn yiy-:xtya x Dxn xn 5«ii no r yox>P 
nyn^aix i-yi 5«n no tix ,-iyn^anx nyn iv 
iy*r >"ii ,nnxn ^kdj»« 113 ,ayn nn^x nxn 
n^np3xnp h naxnixiya nxn {ww) dijwi 
-xa-^ypiyain,, jynx3 nyi 103x10 nxn px 
ly-niymya in px fyn^iy: no iyp ,"dh^v 
ytyn jnxu px ,ty33i33Hya yo^w iyt33ix 
iyn3ix tyttD»o nx iy nj^ayj iy33i33nya 
.ynx^P nyn^anx ny- 
■nyaopy nn ,^at5>"a niv ,nxn iyn 
;yp ttfyp rx ,ty3iay3nnx (nyaxia) iyt33yn 
iyc .lynyn^iv nn Di^vxa-^ypiyain ny- 
ps tfvp x px 3yn 42 ryttfsnw nn>x l\>h 




V1"X t^x oam^v 

•"Tanya xh pa 

->hp3>xtp ynnyn 

;yaxn iv nix .?yo 

TH^K pa yy-\s x 

nx ,j3i'B"TaTya 

:x rtyom iv 3'i3y3 

pa pynjyayn « 

.TiTx pa naxnixiya niyii y5ya-0Tni3 y5*5x 

n"np3xiP Tyryn fy«3 nxn onnDis l^-j 

xn ."y3x^a yn^n xh„ rfyayayj jynsmv k s 

-]}*? yan^yn nnyn OTyi^iii n^iyan nxn 

T.X3 .jynxnv ty^yray y^5x xm ,D3yz 

LHNzyz ,;yn^np3.xip iny^:x y?x xm my: 



26< » 



BMipiX KH 



52 



-3yo ayi rx os«nj w^iwe ~iyt jjm .iju^n 
nyiin "iyn pn gjm w ,y*nB x px ,tjw 
IShsujam is dim .w:m un *iy*i« Di^SMa iyn 
twyo ijn pd ^wsn^Dnjsomjn^i y&u 8 
n^swis tinjnyj r tyt3"ia x px t"t tatnyis 
"jtnuoD^K f tnyt3M»iyao , iM pn d^ *timi iy 
P* 1900 fia Ditaw ijn mMnyaonM ,Diy.< 
-yorx "iny? lp; lyDxxDLr ym^^MT-ya mh' 
iyryn ly-iHDDi^x yn^yn /wa^s ytaJMoyn 

:DP313 

jyaisw aanypSyaya 100.000 iny* pa 

itMtrwiw pa 

13 1 nw8P»TWMs s&jTHjasr* 

•244 jnoyna 

-nyiMiM nyo^na ~\ywi ddip imkii pa 
-y? yjynMayflHyn mh dmii ayi pa Hyrtr 
snoyia -nynnyii *iyoya *.HD^ain tya 
is dim ,u»*5e Diyt?D"D tt tyanitt ^yayj 

— : : .|yay5 X ?JO«3 

nytMW ,iy33i33Hya mh nsy^ fyD"n *ro 
ax v» iyp Di^SMa-;ypTyaiB njn ya^yn 
*rix ,iynyr Dsy> -pottf .iy?>iit33y ty&Dya 
■jyo djh p« phm ■a.n ny t»>n 3yu ryaftm 

.nysnyp rya^r 
ny .lytyiBHys "vryt jyrn jy.iyu kh 
»»» ly^ynprnM dtx to jyoyp .Diyot? 
odi5 yryn tyii ,iyont)M "to Dxni »bb^ ^y~ 
,D;yD"iis .ftftw-Ka mh Tt p* ttfMnmy 
nyn tro tyj^fcnwMn* nrrx -to tyjyp 
B , t3e»&#D°i , n px pw an jyu ,p>bk> 

.ry^sxa imih 
Dj? tm ,m"vyi jyo dxh ais? ta^a pa 

"a»1W MH IXWP1P IS VIMBBQ yDMU M PX 

DD^nayj wn jyu ,rpa yPBanwutP pa Dan 
mis tans nyas .B>"£a "ar«t pm ^na lym 
-ixoyatna nytannnya nyn pm pms "ins* 
.ai^sxa ^ypnyaita pa nypyitaay nyn ,^xp 
»n pm ,:m:j"to yryn tya^ lyiDMitDyaD^nM 
.EnyBjsjjnya d^ j^mian ^xj pm sKmns) 
TH D^pa^anyntj' xm pm D^xaoyiy^ 
-juantt ijnyii dmii ,nuni»p pa taainj^w 
.r-n: ny^nyjJiM ^^n-irip vm tayivjnsn 
»nnw nyryn pa |ya*nna» p^m thmb pn 
Dpayi r ^5n»Bui .T'^-iny nyia^p 2000 nya^x 
y;-Qa , njniiK' pa jyoip ri» h^o mh tm iy^ 

.iTp 

"\¥J"M Di^vxa nyi ixs >jni ijnjM rx 



-is; on^x cy Dijn "^xi px nxnj 180 nya^x 
ly^nxiD^* xn .^"neayjyj px .vrmwi »»a 
-toy .Drrx nxe ^^m-^tD tw«t pit nyn pa 
x bn^'M pc bows w^-iywit fjnJitMf ya^ 
pi^ in^x oyii ,dxt dd^it niTM tjrp .«iio 
in taait 01^x2 njn. onwi ,tynyD ! ^nya 
-yj ny toxn mun .iya:iir»?ti nyD^anM ty\x 
miid d^ mx enm pm nytari\ pk ta^yp aw 
.t33^ _ iyjjiT 5jy»aix "ixc ryaxn 
oi^^vxa oyn pc ^^p^v^iy nyi sin« 
omit :Dai^ mh iD^sj^m tyoMi; x inn ta«*n 
tyo3«rt3 nnyo r^x ,n« xn -lytDp^r^'nya 
r^x ,pm xn nyrn oxn ;oi^vxa ny-i oxn 
nxn lytainy^yj x /to lyaxn ryo^x^ inya 
-3»jt5 px Dy^osa 5bk*& m^i ,tajy3y~iy:D i ix 
,ui3nuni iy"t t» nyo^v pnx tyaxn rx~ 
ny^a ix r «*n w , ,, ii« 1* lyaxn ^ya xm 
w*DD»rw»iic ^aym px ,nj»"ii ntM px 
nyn .oy^ r »xa yryn ijwnw tynay.i oxn' ny 
tx ,pm tya3iainyo3iM. yj^i pa Dxta^iTyn 
PM vt tniwaiyfi yrnam^iv^ pa ^nnja xh 
pa 5#im^ xh iv ix^'ixaxia nymnypiya 
d^d .oawpi y^r^xa x ya^yn pm ,iyo^ 
-MB x nyo^ nyrjyn dmii njwrani yiyiax 
nnyo r^x ,aaian^v, nrpx nxa &$n y^^» 
piM .uainyw ly^ipya is xn Dyn tyDax^ 
xh 1M11 f iyt3aHiya BiTtsni tyo imh ,DnyiMj' 
to^ tapip nit xh ixn ,pn pm ^3 n« tsai? 
r 33i3rt4ni "Bn pa y^ypj-'ii jyny 1 pm phm 

-3»5anW9B> XH. PM .11 .T .X dVI'P ,PH3XB 

-••hp px Mm lyDyi; tsainiPi^ tvh ta^p 
.nyanjn px lyfi&vs&v yo 
-ya \vw ajnyp^yaya 100.000 yiy^ pa 
:i9oo nns 1 d^x taainimr' pai ijranijMW 

204 ■ - DiyDL" xh px 

134 - hyBnjnO dx 1 ? pm 

-ya yajxo ditmih ,vih tny^piy d»t 
nxe nyaax ny^jyii is B^ytt? twwDfijw 
,nyaxo ^yjy^s <xh .v^im xm .Damriw 
px D3iyt3DTO r^x ^hix ny^r DMii 1 ,.a .v 
nyj^jni ^xo »*n lyiyan ,bbj5 ny^na iyn 

-DBH 1 ^ MH iMiPI ,l3ain3P1^ "1MB jyDXnHJXP 

Dxn ,-n .t .m ,DiyaxttDip ^jrwaaia ,*iysyt 
yop^D^nya \"w wv ysiMJ tyj^nanya 

.nyay^ 
pa jyaxnix xh pa Mioamoya nxn px 
dpjis oyn lynnnya to jytio oamsnw 
"ynv dmii .Daxnp-D-uxDrTyTii mh fyayn 



53 



tDDinrmtr 



261 



rh m ,imyn oypayi y.p*n ^*.rs tir typo 
fjny DMimonn tv^^t oatf y^HB tik ?jit 
-ym osTp-iya no &"s oo^arrn rh .fcrwni 

Din pa DDsnp DnjRDcnyTii rh dir ,\yi 
tya^yTojn is .iinyDjnnya; is iytt"a*w 
,rjnyi ttatstpyjas o«ap« nxru*p no pjnw 
-j.ip pa jytojnn^nx yro^snHB dr-i ^*ii 
DiyoD^o »t B-irpa typnass >rh pr tppi 
.opinyw Tin tD*»*ii3 iinyan r is 
.D^anK lyno jyjyn tir pr yafryt dri 
-lyojiR ooinrw Tin &"pD*5anw»> rh 
-lysy^ pr wtsajwa bio"? drii ,iyne 
-lyojiR Rm nyDyT 5y^a P'R jypHaRB pr 
djh tyaim ?3i« »»j juuajn yny^RB nyjyo 
:1900 jis Dinys dd"»d nyo^jr nyn 
-"T drii rirns yjya-iRDtjnya H38 pa 
tJH"T rty^nyayn pr o^oaytyya jynya jyj 
bo»v» dri ,B3irwi0 pa jyari'StsB'ya 356 
"iiR to iweiw ya5y? dri ,^oni r 
nstatinya 248 pa rtyj^amaijuvoo rh "iyo 
jaainrw pa nyaaiR tyiiyj 84 jyjpn yjya 
t/djir ,(io3 pa 55) jyjnyaRon&PD tjhmw 
-wm lyosiR ,(788 pa 265) ryiny^^Rnaia 
drii tyaiyo lyBJiR ,(2905 pa, 787) d*wb 
-y^yo pr =iRi;yr<yo p« apofljwwa ?yj"T 

.(81 pa 31) jyiRtMSp t'RE 

D^o "tirwis rtr iyan:s 5rt tr ana 
,m"snya^R tr pa pnyoaR^ tj/orj ay- 
"Dmr fyr^o r nnyt Bap*iayj 3rh tk tr 

.pin 
->5rp rh ,tDaRtr?yiy; y;posy rh typ 
,n.ns yryn y?R ryawaR ,yt^BDHRD 
km ?yn pr ?Minww is Nrwrs ya^yr, 
o y i i ,yjRna rh t>a"?a ,ry:yp pw !>rt 
idxpi pk 0^3 ay fyp Rn ,p*j ?iRno'Dy *? 
.oiRii'Bjg rh p»t tie ntR — tRnra b*j ay 

RH PR "8TU , P PR flMIB Ba«1B DRII 

?iyp ,_ iaRa rh p« p»o tk /TyPHoaR^ 
.trj D^iyj pm» "t |yn-yj |yjyjy;nya pa 
T^WW .lsiyn »t bitiis d»w jnyca rh 
■nyny-ty^oRS,, tjrmbjwun inn cojynp 
drii .y^'DRS pn ryinyny is awyj b>j "nyn 
■is 50 uniR' r t^» T^yo ryuy; ta^a r\s* ay 
-yi »ij jy^n ^yD^oDB^aiR rh jyn ,PH 
jijni ,iyr^R?o Tin asy 1 r^ii tj^yp^iojy ?yn 
ftps. ony-Ray^ jyaRd niaR^ x»d"d rh 
■DnR tORn Dy BRii ,&BR"-ip-^ypDva yaRBJ^R 
osy> r^R f t3"aiR tymB pr njnj'P tyoR^yj 



,nnn rh Tin pk nysnyp nyi pr iy;:-— 
BJRpya ?yrn ay .mnjiRinya t^r R,n iyii 
BpyiDB'w:^ »$n ryo iyp ,y^ya jdjro 
Tin n^D nna r "a ftairww ra^o "ijrrp 

.ns^sn RH 

rynyn tyay^nya^R Dainjpie' jyp 
nya^R nnyD^y yj^amrii^ tyjyp ?n^-i^a 
rh lyi^R ,-\wp yiy^r is na:>2 rh jy->; 
r pr dr"i ?tyiRay; itv jynyn ynyosy^ 
lyaRn yonny^yj rh ya^yn jy:yii ,y>R^a 
»t pa yDD"D Rn .iy^u ,, o yjyny^enys 
■ww tr ,di^ dis "inyo pr *inyo jy-oip 
Tjnjnast ,ne>n»a b^hpjrip r d^ t^r -aair 
,1$! lynyr n^o nyaR "R .yayaiRiny p»R 
lynyii tyiyia^y yjPD^rww pa -\yiw> tr 
toina^w iRB tyD4?nH3Rp phr c:mc^^ 
lynyn "T drii ,Dyi Tin bri t* B-iy^-.y 
,jyj3i:3Hya ya^ypn lytoiiR taaR-iayjanR 
y^Dya rh tyaRn p« jxnye^y jny^T r^i 
-pw\P -\yi b^q typyDtj^isjR tt tD"n:yjy5iya 
r>i lyaR ryra ra^Rii .ly-yo^y rh pa tz^n 
lyiyra^y ypi$-\P wi pa iyoi:y3pyiiR Tyna-^p 
nya ynyo:iTy; pn Dyiiy"iRny:B i iR *" pr 
^t tr ,Rfa''; ^ya^ns ph p.r ^a^^^yn 
-ya is DRhyj iya:R,r r;yv, RT:yay lyti^Rii 
hrb pa -lyirp R" 1 !! pOanrw^w rh jyaip 
.jy-yra^y y-r.Ty; 'V^hp 

\v:vp to jyaRTTR r^ easy ryiyp to 

oiyii oam: ,, ii^ rh ya^yv, tir ,ry:yr rh 
rh jyoaRioya osy 1 "vor^ .oyo^nanya 
tyn^onya is b^iTPJrttp rh ptr iriii pywn 
.lyoRTSB'iR *.ysjR; p« nyiR 
niORJ 'Hny^ns pa ;y^n ?y^o yiy- 

.y^ysyao pr v:"?:::?** 
lyaynor tysiRi ^yo^o y^oyrs r ,_ 
■j"»a lyj^T drii ,r;-:yrj:."'r\x y A R fyBiRCisas 
.raaiTirn^' pa MiB«naipfi rh irb .^oa 
y a r s rh tio jyiiwaiso^R &sn dir 
~i y a y d r5> p n y b » "• a i r i y ~ n a 
tio nyo^anR iy- .t y n y i i o n y a y a 
ryay^ is y-URor p« pM is ;i:y: ryjymya 
■yoayBnyB rh .ya^o^yTya y^y-w, rx 
r ,_ : lRii ^R^ayriyorn rh ,ao:yoy;yo yo 
PH2 r i^br tt tyoiW iy^n^-itaL*- rr::n 
.pnyi oaRL"y;aR 03^-ya:iR ?yTio ,;yay; is 

TypHBRB RH PR ~V*V"' H"i jyMMrHfll RH 



262 



bbjidiv nh 



54 



tya-ixB^y: 204 -iu jyrn ,1900 px ,nyByasj> 
.5>nxv nyatynjn p£i 
■>sa jpbdj'j ^layavyty: ^ypyia axi 
100.000 nv 1 pa kt^k D«tn ,iyB^aix *n 
px Ds^n .Ban-trw pa ei a^mya txnys 
tyB^xn 'wanx xh asp pmya lyix^P x 
xh axnya tyB^xn "T ?yii ^xnaa^x Biypya 
pjpjmm y-iy^i p.« cdsd y £' ' b O x b 
"x iaiK tvoDtsn ayn spix axatyix ,ijjrn 
pa nam xh px Baxc yryn tyayjiviya 
-xb^b.xp xh - - D'niw yBanya^a y-iy^T 

.tyBBH 

Dyvi ,dmipw in px ei: px ay£x axn 
-iyax |ya bhb axil ,typnyaya nyty^ nyi 
iv yBByanyj yiynix px tt dik ,bvp 
?MiniMW pa tyBmya 
jyftm wine yryn svix ontnioiB tx 
-ftni ,5yt^o ^pvyso h pxi ty^aya ina 
.avy^ tyTV^apxna tid tya px jyp tya ya 
px ,Dpnyej/a nynna pit? axn tx xpi 
dxp r »"iTpm*ip ynypyatjos ix BainmB> 
-lyryn .ai^vxa x pa Baxmxiya aiyn 
typjna fjn.jp P* t« ,php mtk px ai^vxa 
-lyjraa^n^w nyn axn ,ray"BE> xh pa 
iywi ps ty:$^a tt ty^ayj ,d»vib Bain 
,D3"B px ray«att> xh ais^T .a^yaytyya 
•xa xh tx ty-nxmya inxayj |"p 1%: nx 
oiyii .astf -\yi px fyawnx jy^xt jy^v 
?ya px Bjypnttyj.D ,,, ix ray^at? xh nyax 
xh lyryii ,iya^v ayn lyinyp iv tx aa^n 
-yarnx a>iD^ oyi a^a tyaxnv ty^vxa 
tyjnxn axn xh px ,aatf nyi px aay^ 
-j»r djx^ tyau x tyasn "lya^v tyryn ps 
.oatf nyi a^a "t tyaynaxiv 
tx ,apnyaya iHjnBnnsvi axn *ippk 
px j»3jr»B» bhx tt fyfost ty^yna nuna 
■ynp »t bpk ^axa tyvixj x ayn pa jyaxo 
,w: t« d^ii f aainj , w xn ayn pa tw 
,vx lynx ^aapi .raa^i a^j px dxt pk 
?"na x "t iyay^"iya d>b yny^T a>a tx 
-]X px ay jy^xiaiya px ray^B^ xh pa 
»m tyB'nBKnya anx xtx ^imx .nyvy^a yw 
\"p a'j "\yiy^ pk ckt .taainanw xh 
axn tya .yaxTDxna x jyiytJXT ,ynxyna 
x. 1x11 ,iya>¥ x pa jyiy^a aainya:i« 
anx »ne nxJ ty^BK' aay^a iypaan*rjnw 
lysy^a aa^Tiyajix tya axn ^^x p« ,^n 



^'B mtx pimk nxn pews x 1 * :D"inypix,a 
r a»sn« xh aaxao^xnya tix B-ii/aa^iya 
oyi r a.DHxa. ,, axp-DXH a^ tt ajp^ ay tx 
■laay^ya is ,tyj^xa xh pa "lya'najya^N 
nnya "t ty^nxv px nyjya yjyDpsmy jyj 
tya-:ya iyix -^p n dxii ,L5^anx ; xh ixa 
.T^ns 5yam x nyix oa^yn x "ixai t,yaxa jyp 
ajx^XT r ayiyu.x axnay ti?a"ixiiny tya typ 
nina:y3"» axime pa ayDD^o yrairy^ xh 
DyijfMsp lyn.^yoL" IiTk Bra ty:^xa sr-ix 
?tyiyii aax^yaax b^ Byn tya^axia ^x: 
-jityj innvn x tyay^ w aix 
tyn tyaipya ni/B"anx im Tia ,tyay^> ?y- 
x b^j ,a"aix w»M tia Bpnxia 1 y *? \ a 
iy- Bvy 1 trx ay am jibxt ^hb ay^HP 
y^x \y\\ ,txi i^jya nyax p« dxt 3xa 
yfiyti"* tnvnw iv bxb^jx ,tynBDnrx 
□ 1 n a 1 y a ^ x axn t s, T fy^yn ,tyixtiy£ 
Bim isi .p 5 x a t y v j x j on tia 
b>3 ,^jyB x a^x tyiyn ayoax-iaya myn x 
i«n nil .avy xmi t^xa x pa 5»ne x a5x 
jy^a pn ;yaxn tyay^ 1 ayan^jya x tawi 
x^i jhh nrx. i«t b^ ayii px nBiyn 

.BVy 

-jx P'P b<; px ayp jj>t»h nMX tij tx 

ir^a tyaayn; jy-i fya^anx jyo typ tyiyi 
jaainnvB' xh — Bay^-y; tyaHB'jya pa 
pnjnJBT ,ynxynB x pi^a b^j p« axi t«? 
-^ yuy^xa xh typmya ,yaxTBxna x 
1890 pa tysiTjyv db^bd iyB^:v pa tyiya 

.1900 

.-lya^mx xh tyaxmnx 1 tnyv ywi px 
tyjX'vxT'^nx yiy^r pa aaxa xh ni- 
■y^yn-B^Ba xh- tyjjixnvya r o»pau"K px 
jyvyTyrn^PHaxaya^iyj »nysau wtwan 
pihs tyaxaiva^x tyajxayajx l^x B-xn tya 
pa yuyaB'iv (DB^mjitya) ynya^xa xh 
"5>xiHya-BXB^ xh .typnaxa px lysyw xh 
x r^x ty^xT iv tyjjxay^x tyaxn w.:\v 
-BjyByayB nn iyna iv x'pi ,ny-r y-iyayi; 
nya^aix xh mrtm ay p« 'spix nyT^H 
hx xh tyviHiya iv inv tnyv yryn t s x 
axii tix .fyuwDfivm y^y s a px b^vdb>h 
-yavyTy: ^ya^a axn pa axB^Tyi nyi vx 
-^v axT inyB^aix xh pa tyaaMJ iv ajia 
itynya^v yn^y^xa tjix tyj 
tytJ'jya 100.000 yiy^ tia tyj^T 1890 px 
nnx 1 tnyv ;;aainj , iiB' fie tyaiXB^yj 265 



MinJiYIW 



263 



pr -z-'-y-"' y3yiR5nya x .rwn twj^: 
-;x "x tMinj'iw nyaR ,nR3*imp3iK ypga 
ryj'stnwa .i83?»n 3>H3yw?RB px *3rb 
■tDB^n rh .y^i yoa;y^p rh »an tjj&pbp 
.- y o i e i' *: ' ; y ' r n |y?>3t£> y^n 
-ypt injfo d,rh ,d383 pr :rb bsi5 wna 
-ya pr ^ytr^-Dap-inx; ytpna ,y&i3 ,tw>$ 
dr- — dbr p:x; iym oyt^Daxnp nyijyjy\- 
-;••- jyasnypya «v yn»ntDyo yuDya rh pr 

...muD yr 
jyait b^J y~R"p nrpR bsnxn BS'tf yaia 
,--jn-r jnynM pr T 1 * lia &"ii ryny 
pr i«r iv BjynR: iyasn i.tr t^jyp nrpR 
v5v»B3 px brd^p nyi .tiTR! jyijyDxa r 
.oy^R ^3 "iR3 t>r ny nyaR ,paapi nyny? 
•::;--nxJ yau ?ya*n nR3 isnyn pd ?yo 
rxn dpr p/aya jyojy^RS yajxa .Syt^ia 
rynniRa is *pir ,jyaRn »t drii ,15m ysaRa 
-5yr t^: dir lyoip »m irp ,RnxnR^Rp n.R3 
-iyDRTnt5R*i ?jpb ...ny33in pa nxa3"R \yv 
•a*: -t^jxp x px "tfyj dri jyapnaya is pr 
i3"na pr yDiironpe ,0"n nyn pa d«ii 
.Syt^o DjjnnRj yaia *pir px 

-tra xn ty;yn nytnyp nxs x di^p dis 
.Dain3PiB> epiR ix jyppi drii ,jyoxoE 

"IE PX T^R D"Hp3Rnp RH nyp'R 33X?" 

,D^yaas ay- ;yc tn^nya ,33i5pPiD3y ny?" 

\VCV DRT ,3:i3nnR PX B'3 T'R fyjRD TJfT 

oy — tw upvvv n,Rt |"p f t»K o^a tony: 
-ax aiyn ojjpvsa nyn .»*j ayu pp drh 
^x-l" nyn .tDD^iiyj pr Dny^nya ny ,tanyaRE 
.iy-iR>nya rys3R3 pR bbr jir 3mvuir tnyn 
drt ir B3"7i ,B"S ^yD^ax nx; pyuR anya 
.d5»is lyi n.PR r DiytDay iya.x^p is nxn 
^rb jyoip J3'tfpPitD3y "lynyts^p iyn px 
pa iiDRnysDyo nyi px iy33nyn3y yiytoay 
-3fiypyj rpi ,iyayn rm Diyp crt -.ih^vp 
-nR3 rh rpi -lymyny^; xn b^RB 2%- ,t$ 
;yp3R"TP ayi px dpik Bii»ia dr^ .y^Rn 
■^v t^r Dyi d>o :iy .jynyna pa Stbw x 
-jxrya ,tysDPi^ ybBR drt ly-uiay^yoxr 
B"S nya^ynyn is .yifDPi^-DaxJ xh myi 
pa ypxiiR ix man t^y^xa nyi pw iy? 
-.nyDpx-ixa nyn px ,iniD^'Di^a jya^sy^a 
... ^ — |DJi; ^^pji^y pa lyt^Din -lyj^o 



rh px .|yL":yD yuiry: pa nyo^s x pa 
ly^vxirpyp-yaiD lyaiaya fyo ox~ ytaoiy 
px -^ix ,ynynjRT ,D*a v-\V"i T'ix 113 »v 
;iyD3yoyipDpy px Dnyny: ,D3yjRo yny^; 
"5>ys3^R VP fyo drh iyax yy^syp x 1 - px 
.ty3iay: o>3 Di^sxa fy: 
rpi ,iynyD^nya nyty5 ixn oyp psiyn 
ray^a^ x 1 - lyiyD^nys is pr ay ^dbm- 
twijnjrc jyn ?yp dri .jy3 ,, Dap*i3Pi^ r pe 
jfrwww iy~ .ty^yii yjyny^iya ?i-ix 
,^a y^syso x px jyfoRT T3Jf"B» P't p- 
.nyDRii o.»o D^Biy3JR 2^>xn pp ^>rt ya^yv 
-^Dy .nyDRir^Raixp b^o nyaya ^R3 ny-x 
Diyy^yjDPR ^a Rn no ;x^ px ^ro y: 
?ro ayny* pr DyTR^p-iyoxn p'R lynjn* 
ix .lyDRP yann ta^o lynyp DpayptJ'yaDpR 
iy- dri ,Dyr pr onyD^ya ^yo^o iy-;-x 
pr nyiR ^y^a^D yj^^p pr d"s«j> iywR*ip 
"iya i 1 ^: Lciyp drii ny^axa y^ny;xax- 
dbr pr tir typo ya^apijpitj' .tsayia 
nya «t ty^Rt lytaDin »t lyn drt ,iyony: 
a^a ^pi ,?ne ny»t DRP^y »'» ry^waK' 
pa ^y^DtJ> y3^?p dpix jyn^a ?yDDir 
-3rip iyn .ty^sxa 0^0 ?yiR^y;3R ray^ai- 
-ay y3ya^R ?»t jyapiay: pr jyaRn pd nyp 
iy .nycyo ,^yax: ,^yay^ ,iy^yt: :;^sy; 
1x11 px toya oyjyj^R pn jyaRn ipx ^rt 
■?p o^n jyo tyii .nyn^s unyniirya x T^aye 
-3R t 1 ? nnxay: xh t^r ,yw\ x?x ^ipr br 
.V'pp nynyt t3ain:pi^ pa iypyt:^is 
anxii .tynyD^nya nyry^ iyn Byii &sy* 
(DRnra jpiwd^d) Do5am iir *nxxa ya3xc 
p|PiR ry: 1 ^ px jyayiaiya r irb ay jyjyayp 

PX JIR DIXp RH pX iy"BE> 1RB tjRIDB' X 

-ix ya^yT sp ay^is .nysy^a ya^c:yay 
is anpBpRT pa ^pr iy» t33385"iya yaxr 
aiR ^yrDap-jpiti' jyny^ pa tyapi |yrR^ 
rh lyiyapisDpR |yaRn is p^pa^iyo R ,- i 
DtR^yai *uHPW»tww pyp iyn ,::i:nRii 
rh yppi xt^ pipr iy-iyt:^iys is px ,"wn 
.jy^sxa y:yay^aynya^x 

.yiyux pa jysi: dis oy^x r\s rx" 1 
tyii .irpd p^R "iypjxnp nyn ny^x ?rt drp 
r5>R ^rb lynna ?D3irun*' Rn tDjynp iy 
,p:$iV3 ayn b$p pa iy3R^'DP"ix ny s x: 
,33i3"a yry ,_ ; .ixa^rmx t^x pamipw tR 
px wi r>x .uyis^nanya nynyt pr ya^yn 



264 



dstidix S-l 



T3D "ljnr^a ijn jw e^nan rva nyrrs^D nyn 



■DTisn nya ya^r p« amon rva "lyra^D iyi 



ma^py xtx "va D^oy- Dxn ,tyn Dinyv 
-ixs x pa "D-irrayacmx,, nrx [yjijnpyj 
»pud pk iy rx ",njnn>a*iyt3^N„ yianya 
emon ma tJ» M iw s Pn lyex^ya n^sa 
...naia ny'nnx; d*» fana DiPDayaya ta«n px 
tnion ma ayi Ban y^ dsti ixa 
,jyaxr jftww :nim mln x^ px "iwo5»d„ 
"ants aman ^ya ya"t 5«u f -ixaiyT dtps tr 
ps ,niDna yoy'nM'w psi i^d DDnaix \vp 
tm iy dxh fyoxa ?yryn tk ,tyax : ? y-,y-:x 

.PXaiX x TTll tW^IP 

i»t ny axn afcrnna? 

y«j kh„ tyanya "i«a 

xni i^xa m; /'Smsr 

-yaainx amx dxh uno 

iT.".yo in dsp ,D.na 

pe xtx fya^pDya tdp 

puaw s : yDa^ya 

jjnnxaiya^aiya px 

Dns nir y"j xn 

p-r ay .i^n tyaxai s 

-won axDnxa tyiiya 

&gn plaits" iin .d ,, v 

typxowa s oswya 

mya ^yi px Svotrn 

tyaaxaya pnx ^ px 

aix "iRnD„ jyDaxpya pya^x ynsnsa 

,Daxayaanx m drh pu'ira" nyi tx .p-vrd 

pw xn ixa px ,axta "iya>na tynya px 

on« wnyiyi &i ny b$i ,pi iy^yn ijh pa 

xn m earn ny ...i^d p»p px ana pn in 

^n^n — tvayii px dixt «n bpip ,tyanx 

iy ^n .Ji^d p*p xd^ px ana pn sD^a 

pn tx ,m iy Daxa ,-nya qvi itf?ywm 

■ya x xnnao iy Daxo .xd^ mx px -nya 

ttfriymyr .?ye>ay» mar* in fyan? /i-Stfn 

ny px tyax^> «t .»! tyax^ ,pnaai« \^i ny 

niaon"i tyB'ayo xn DiTK inx fyaynp .m^i 





.pna*p ]xy: 



iBfTmn nna nya'a^a iy 
nx qk> lycna x Dxn 
Da^aya iy .poayDm 
pa ^no ayi px in 
-nxi-i Dy ixn fiiwaw 
px ytamxiiya y^x jyj 
jw»tk yDDix^yaans 
nman nya xn .D^aaa 

pa y?x iyrn rn-on n^a iy;n^o ay- pa 
-y p« "i^y: lyn ?inx ,fyT"x dixd xtx 
,[ynxv,y; uynayaa^x 
px ma~; yiyn ins 
in iy D^xn ni^an 
"T fya^np d-iX"i ...^inx 
tsn.in dixi f inaiv in 
■ya,, yiy«t anx "t 
px fyanpnya /twayc 
-:yaox?y; nyn fyanp 
ax ijn»*i p.x. mna y» 
".ta^aix,, yt^na fyami 
anx "i jyoaxnt: disji 
Dixn px ma:; y^a 
D'xa "a "t tyoya 
yD^x xn Ta rtf»n» 
...nuaa 
-X^^x , x ,tx x nrx 
-ixa„ pn b^; ,-iyii 
yo ...emtwi nn ayi w D^a tanynya ",tx» 
xm -tfxa ^^v yDitjnyi xn tx f o5n-yvTjn 
ya^a^x lya^m jyixnya Dy^iayaanx pw ny 
.tyainisi tnx fyoip Dnnna ryn^x jn^nS* 1 
;pDa (bwo x Daxaya dix"i tyaxn "t "iyax 
,tyaynxT tfyuvvt i*a in fyaxn »t nyi^x 
jyiXTiya a^yap^am una nyn pw pk 
yiixn^ 1 xn pa nyi^x pi« Itayn- — mm 
vivw'ywx D^soin in Dgn dsv. jyvw 
tx r tjrwi xipn ?«t p^ani ni?D ijn tx 
-nya xn "jy"ax"ixpDnx„ c^dd iy Djni o^a 
-nyi cannon rpa jyan^D ayi pa a^nan 



o< 



amon rpa nyao^o 



<bo 



-■fiya xn tin ;tynnypDix arrx aynax:: jyn 
tdji jya^xn mion nn pnn^n tts aman . 
px :>8"ix*a ram lyapj-yo ti» fjum -m .tnimi 

lUStf DD"PI DaxoyjBX »t IMS PX .TBH 1 

Ittagfi 

yjyryt;ny2 iyaxn *y» fcyp »t ens 
px tx ,5s»x in rasyira ay :5i»d$ .nnrjoc 

ly'smis anx oayia B>*non ira iyijx:x 
nya^yn "a ,npi?n» x aman nya parsa? 
.pjpxa 'xn px ryram xn ti^yw^ no y> 
jvan 5ya lyjiny^ x rx ,tt vnjnxniHBt 
nya*x .'yjBtJB* jyanp d*o ,n^?n ,m »jm 
px "iv iyjy' m ,iyan omi iy fjni ,ra&pn 
•yaxiais tyaynp Bjni iy tx px -lypLxui" 
■an «h *y» Djynp lxm twn .wn xn 
...?is ayiy co 1-n fyjyzy- is fan* yro 
.tjm»n nn jyra^a px tx ^n Dnynriys 
in "ypa^n,, xn ty^yn toi ya-^ay nxa 
-an panx Tt twain px ,'yoayi -yry Dm 
aman ^ya vinwv xi fy^n ay .Jjbix tyam 
Damya r n^no ,*yasn Dim ,poayDm p;x 
"t px B»n^m x pa riyanyin ty^oan x 
x.n Km on 1 ya^yix rx ^nna y^x ;y:xT 
,>na;n r iw i^sk Dxn ,ryasn yjn^ia 

..i»-o tin 
«n ,j'nya m twn anoy y^x ^ns 
px .ay to 1 ";, m taping ixr pn ,yin^m 
pr xm ,ayiipya ntK in m ryftmn yDiiD 
iyn px ^n .emofj nn PR px Brnor* n*a 

nn "lyan^o nyi px "S^rb xn tb 
in px 'xn tyn :5narf? ,p:xa p» x vrnaft 
vtfw "tarns,, p» vn$ «n facip ,a^''» n: 
nyi sins in Din*a D'^jy yny*rj« p» 
.ix^yi^nnytj* yjw tnion nn iyra^c 
nor* »n pa Dnrrie ma sn i>» kmi in-; 
oi^i "tyasDyp,, *n .aman n^ya v:nvv 
-jisiD min nnDt." p« ,nr?y ytwD i'b t*i« 
Tik in iy^k* p« nma'tj* ins tn^i jyv 
D»-8*mio ma «n p« »ni tap^is .niBpii i'a 
..ama nya y:nw wn pa 
.tym; n fyiyn iv ayn »t ryasn pn s 
Kin linym w or*a miyr jyasrr »t nyas 
lyat^t ",nn"j» «n |y^st„ ,n»» s pa niB*n 
xnyuN ayDN M a xn fyvxiP,, ,y:n^n xn 
"...iriTx d % : iyas ,nnvn nyn o*o 
xni i^xa ,-ni ^$dj"K tx .taSnyxiyi yc 
D^iayaQ'nx pk ramian nn ly^a^o iyi 



yanoy ]'^ a~:c Dyn ny rx .cn^x iy;x* px 
mxK) x nn iy Djrn ,ftw p«: xn ^nx a"- 
:mn ia .pni'i "lye pn px ir^ pn iy;y-p 
»n px B"i yan^y t3pyDL"y;ax dsh ny 
nmK* t'anx taax,iay; ar-'x jyaxn wwiyn 
•yoisi .^m^ t^x i 1 ^: jyDixi ?ia px --v- 
ana y:"i iy:xtaL"y; \y:"i ,-^y r'H'^:'.- 
5iW pai pnis Dmx ?>x ny rx ...it3io l v< : 
x m lymm raiyniyi iy dxh ^n- f'snx 
rrapipyjoix m tsxn iy ,-nya x na \ywnin 
..!nya ]^\ ,iy^yDxo f f3sny 
inx iy pk ?xn tt-vb iyi c^ip x*-- 
iyi in bxh — "?^nw px lyfaxxnya -yy; 
.B*'n'»n , ya pn'z-L"- 
iy .'yntaxiyj an\s tyaxn rytj'jyn x ,_ 
,nv^p jwnspK pn ?y;yia ta^ nyoya -x- 
,^yao:y xtx ryayj an*x *n p^^i- d>; rx 
...iyiyvi rai; tD^a an'x rayii ay fya^yn pa 
nyi p^'air* nyj raxn iyax Pixn papx 
yryn px jyrx yiy-:x iv wwn pn rfnya 
Dxn ix D"S lyryn pa px ,yiy-:x w -x: 
iyi>, ,yox: bin iy;xipyj 5nw y^: x ,_ 
..."B'nra.i nn iyr:---: 
iyaxn ?'ii rr-an >ya -yo'a^ya x rx 
lyrsip .iy n- .ddu yo z:;ynynx pn pms* 
ra^D 0^: xpn px t^iiDn nn iy^a'Jn: r,s 
iynyr m pra iy .mm 0^2 o*o px "v-x-r 
nn iy;n>rD pa 'JB xn pa avr-x a- 1 : 
mio oyi o^o iv /xa; ay- rj^o is ,L""-a- 
jmjw&p x *n ."B'bbjtbp ay- ra-n *v ,--- 
ayi o^ra ?yr3i:-xmyfajTx i^bx iy ;yr -z;; 
ix «m arm ta"»a nyax tv: iy ,t ,- x -"--" 
•aiyi f^jya iyan-ny ;x xm -y~x ,3*22 nny 
xm jyi'n iy tin ima x xm iij ,2:: x is 
ix*aDt3Dy^y: lyramis x iv ddip ax-* r nniD x 
,iy:^x xm isj is ,mmo jyan'.y; x fyayn 
...naio x wmvfi jyoia x "2 fyi^a ddip ax*' 
crnnoarnn tyra" ,,, z 112 cm2 ,s y2 xn anxn 
D'm ynyn ",ay:xPXT,, y-yn t»ix [<yasn 
n rx px .'"T'X,, lym.iyjxrmyn^nx ;*x 
mx .yrH T'K axi tx .anx raraip D'jn y-yn 
axn ;rayaxs-xB tan Dip axn tx xn* ;:x? 
...yr*» ax" px ,tayaxv-ixa iy2x axi i*x 
px dsii ,P'~\^ iy2xn s n* -y;^x rx ,iyanyi 
iy pra y: 1 ^ nyrav'x px ym [jniyj iynna 
,in Dnyra^-iya ...y.^-a -n u^rwors "^ 
ixaiyi ,iynn2ix iyiyv, po raSissya rx 
tayv, r-2:; xn rx ,-yan pn -y;i" ;y- -yzx 



266 



Dsnpix N v 



58 



-iSBiy^r iJWD^a jypraRW x ,irm x 
-'pvy ,5yiiya viywv ysixw s b^b ,p>6j>b 
y:i;x^ kh b^b !y^fc5>B nsyB^ Bjyte iy ya 
■^d kh DiTK fyatfa "yas,, ."awe yixi 
px nnrw 5y2 nyn amy"! 5"ii ,tyan ya^a 
,«m»ri n»a lyra^o pR/iiRnp 5ya iyi 
-ya tssn iy -y-r^N ,5xb Dyiy iy Bay^a 
■b-pk Bia in ",tyoy"5„ is ryanniK bbixi 
jyTK^DPi'K iy Bay^B "2iyi px typKia 
-*n wjfii ,iyayB ya^ytK jys^ kh ijms^iw 
-yj pk iy .."yaa ,yaa„ «m ,tyaji5pya |ya 
rpa jyao^e p« "*tfs\, iya^sa"K iyi rjm 
ptb»b> tt Bxn pBia no5t8> pk ,Bmen 
pk "yoaxB yon- xh .arpK bib B'Dim'ya 
"PB BKH IV TIN B'OVPtJ' pk ixa iyaxB^ya 
,?kb ryajv lyny^y-iy is ixa Bairya irrK 
...tyiiya pk yaa ysaya kpi 
anion n^a wa^o pm th hub iyi 
mya x ,vx x ,iyp'3'B>B yix tyiiya pk 
a^saxus us tpinya p« pxiya^yii ,iynayn 
"2 ynDxixBc #■ fyiiyasx imx 1 jnys inx^ 

PX EJ"B"n PTK yBUB PK fyBJKBDyiX SH 

,-yrpn x fypya pk iy ...jyuya bixi iy 
■;s$ x bib ,Dys"5a y5»|toB> B'B tk lyaax^ 
-p-a x ova ,a^a jyB?yBiBtJ>ya. ?ya"5a iya 
■yoyEw ya"?>p b^b px tyiiya lyrsepst? iy 
nrj- jyoip iy Bay>2 B2x n«a .ix5apx wh 
Bay^a ;xi .Btf rpi ittvi tmon rpa pk 
rpfta ;'b^b anion n-2 t'lyspK tynyaBiiK "iy 
y;;x^> y^n b y b jyaxB Bay^a ,&$p fhya^x 
,BjjniBi„ wpip Bjy^a p« a^iy dix n^n 
ryviBii ■y ,i N* pk nn k ,Bjyii*ri .q^m 
cay5& ,iia^ bi; jyuw r^ ny ryii .."i>n« 
a:y5a pk rBi2 hb^ is jy^ip ^n jyanp ny 
Bay^a iy nxrw .nana si^k m iv tyan DiT« 
?yB«^p ^t Djy^>2 ftp I'anx ty^'^ns ^n 
:\y"i& Bjy^>2 pk Bona px ninia y^s b^b 
->;■•£ pv b^ pa -^n* ix ,d^t bjsi nyv,„ 
,~'s s ,-y;--r , i' , t: yi» pa t>s ?xn r ^jyB 

^SB P^p ''pK y'ajj t^PX ...1PJ p^p B'3 P TR'« 

-v: BBip ..Tiya yr^2 ^yi:s'n ^x m: ,b^ 
pip d^j ^n pa D&n ~N2 ...?n«BTjn oyay 
"„?«ii ,isb nyi^a 
Altos'? jyB.ny: Bjy^a cn\s ons o^iy nyi 
.-.-" n B2x^ dxh,, ^ya^piv t»i -y B;y^>2 [si 
b^t in^„ — fjpvw jyBnyj iy Bjy^a - 
,D^a33 .Bjyii-sn ...?i , b pa ty^jyo ynyimyr 
"...ipn« n«n ly^x px nn s ,D3jnnr 



.B.yB'Pi^panya pns tjc x bxh ,iy-ixny; 
-y::x toxn na^2 iy- fipn spnK t^n iy 
t^x p« ^yB^n pn ixnByjDPK ,n^B pn ixhb 
ryoiaya iy bxh nn &p1xb?\» pk rya^ayj 
.nnann nit^y kh tyv.ya t^k t iy pn .{wkt 
,"2uan «$„ dis jy&ipw t^k ny kpi n.u 
sipk t^k n^B iy- rs ,Baxay; in iy B»n 
■m *o- iJj.iBiK B^iyj B«n iy .sb^j dwk 
;jjb^ ^yBM nh px ,ni2P k lyase m 5yB 
f yp5«on8 , pk ryap^BiK d^tiiw iy bx.i 
.KB' 1 : iPN* rrs yp^RDigi kh tk ,m iy Basa 
iy ,^2P^x in ?ipk ty^sayj i^b iyi r^x 
od^xt ii— 2u;n ,aujn„ :ty»*w tiWAW sun 
iy^yayj is B^Biyi anjyj"o i"tyjy'a:j y^ 
ps ^iiBii n^2 ty^a^B ria o^nan ^ya »n 
-^ibis 1 pk ^yDM ,n^B t 11 ? ?ypyB#iDPiK 
pk ,iyn^yjDPiK ay b^i iy iu kpi .yp 
-"K pk dik^ k on^K diik v'pi tyisiiyj 
•iKiBy; »nB>ya x bk* yra^B kh pa iyj 
Tin s pkb pk "hMB ayi ,nipfo DiTk W2„ 
;^unys k assay's dh^k tyasn nan na 
pa Bay^ynyB^iiK an^K bkh ?ya pk i:yn 

"DPK BKH "?D^111K3 tyTK JWIi"V&„ JtWS 

-ib>d yiK pk .Tie lyB^yaiBis iyi rynt^yj 
.d'iib.i rca jy^a^B pa in hub iyi ,iyp^a 

11'K TK ,K^B„ :Biy2Bjyyj PTK DiTK BKH 
•$~Dyt B^: B^J 1,1'K B v s;,1 "21JJD K^„ B^T 

" r ai^n„ djki iiPK tk iyaK ...bik ayi iya 
?b s 2jj yr^p ikj t»b i,ypn :-^s v t»k jyia 
yiyayi: ryiyn ^kj ry^Kt i^b rx ,b?pi vw 

"1TJB KTK ,i11p^B IKBiyi DPI'K B^ ...?DUJa 

kh in wbm ik nip^B yjy^ pa pk 

...^iiBii n"»a jy^a^B pa bh^b 

.2 

Brnian n\a jyra^B ayi pa «mu iyi 

B^B l^K lyplKBt^ lypH K ,PBia ,1B^ PK 

,iiK2 ij;bpi lyB^ia k b^b ,b^b u/bpi k 
pi^ bkh .ib?^ lyryn .b^k ^vbjib iik 1 *? 
",naK$B„ kh p^k jyayjyaapK inys lik 1 k 
yiyiiK »a sipk iu iy bbpp lyBs^K 
ya^By bki ,1^ lya^n k t^k iy ".nuna,, 
kh ,iyBBKB piK .iyBayD ^n pk lyp^n 
uinn bki pk B'lB^'y; in bk.i .yoDo^y 
bki ytD>pis k^i .n2B \yvy^i k b^b Bsny; 
b'ib^b k ,yaB yvaya tb tyayayao^iK iy 



59 



tmcn m -\rz 



267 



•r-;r;- iyonya say^a fix pnvix tyan 
•ryay^> p>i tia "Dy^spjj,, 

wtrwwi is fyannas py taay^B — oyp'nna 
agi --n px - Sip jy^vny; fy^ttty X -J": 
CD 11 ; ,y^i'B8p ysaxa t'x ,*in fl R ?x ,t"x 
b^dscld ;nys -"in y?x tDa^ita pi-px :zy-y::." 
¥ ytra -y i:;y^z "apyn .Jy 1 nnaa 
px tyris pya^sa^x p»i d>b [nxa -:••• 
-y^-.N'n wye aais f't^n fypxapis taaySr 
pa .pyttnaxa f -*x ,Dyp8"P85 ,sns (.;:*• 
,-yz x;x px jyajjipya inx 1 tnysax is pit? 
d'v?b tt iy taaySz — y^x p.nw dx ignx 
- rKiiJ:v ya'Wix xn w p»»n o^o ;>-:;-• 
,-yx Dyjyonyjsj? ay- b»b ,bpxp xn dx 
x — iyBaix "ryp£.axa„ x- b'b ,bpxp xn is 
yv;x; te ^s?~i v* o?8fl "in»« bx Ifyanx 
.zy;oxn yayB x- ysaxa t»b ,Diypxap 
,P^i8PBD' , x c^s fyaijnpyj tix pmx b^xh 
px ...inaa x ,yny ?5«»b' px P"^x amx is 
■yj" Dyaxmi *? px lyaxipy; ^pxb pa tx 
.tyiiya b^x in*^ ny^a ,-y?~x tx ,pyayn 
-bwi ,xn p.N ^xd^ pn pa BypDXByaDTix 
T»x .p^v.xpbd^x pngBDxa ,ynx-xax5a xp 
■y; tyBixn axa lax ...jyBXB pn ^ix ^"a 
,i?ys px ~: *• ayp axa ,K-pxn ...jy^ys 

"....iya ,ya ,ya 
jyr.ya pit? iy px pyBpyu yBsy5> xn »a 
is lynyms - ,% Bay^a man .tnyBD^aya 
b s b ByspxBtry; ,nftyann D^na b^b orx 
-is px oys^j^DSB rh Bsxnpya ,?ys'? xn 
b^b tSBpyaap iyi .ayp kh b^b Bpypx^ya 
s r iTDK) yp'ina ,nyi« oyjyDnyjB^ ny- 
s o>» ,ny:^a y»»na o^tD aav nyc:ity; 
-b'ik wjfe ,n«n ytD^n d^d ps d^je |ya«i 
ixrt: bs5p 4?. lis man^nn d^d ryjjnB^ 
DiiyJfi nyjy^ is pitx ys^^s I'lya^ ty^ystsya 
-D'HKiy oay^B ,^ya^a x m ly^ma^^s -- 
8 ,a>«2^ — :?ip fyanyr^n {? d»o iy^n^ 
hy ,!yc:yo fyny; iy: 11 ? 5$o 
■yti pn tya^sisD^nx nypnsBK' dik p« 
•jjyJ'B r iy^ayo ya^^os n ,- i is tapysDyi fya 
lyan'naiDty 5ibb n d*i ^ipa tyaKB ^aiy- iy 
....Tisw *o fyty^on 
,;ya^is pixol" oyn ps ^t aay^B man 
lya^sn,, ;yo^v,s » ijjj iyp v ^ my 1 ?-: yo 
twy^a ,&ypD8a'B>yanyttaiK ew r p« "n^Bt." 
D>%: / «y. L} --^yvr , x inyo i^j b>d y^>ysoyj 



tsmcri r-z [y^a^M p« '•i:^x::n- nyn 
tk -vv-isvl" x ,iidxp y^x-L"" fyiiya pn 
L r,, z ,— xz nysiKW nyiD'na -y;;.x^ x d s c 
o^e ,tw»m y^y^oxpyaD'-x yvwiv yanna 
.-x-r-z yp^- ysmp d^d jix ^ya^z \Vi^~\ t? 
,z-z X-- ---x Day^iya -*• -y l\x- ;;x.' px 
pDiynya |yn \v^v< o»n iy .rasa y^yz x Kni 
.--:*: px /l:-x pM w\x lyzyry; ~^:r -■' *-x 
p« r B>np ppx ps rcx^z lyta^ns zy- ?inx 
riyp'a^o yix px pdiz no^ lyt^ns lyo^D 
-y;L";xv, x b^d — xz x ,_ 'jy-;y; -•• i\xn px 
-5<o px -yzyrixo iy- |ynya %, x -y .ya'ia 
i:x- z'xn^; d^D" 1 is p- x .emBfi r-z iy;^a 
■y ''x ix"i f jynyn ;y^>y:y; -j;z-x-y; dh>« 
X-- ,n , i >,v ^* kh .ya^a^ia y^x jyiiya ty^yay; 
""•x -^.x -,y oay^z D'ntDBB x*~ -\s n'r-^y 
-y zxr px r vjpb^n x'- }y^ns fy 
-y- ^a a^^n [yiiya fs .tsa^rya v ox~ 

..nan 
-ya yao^ia xn zn-x jyasn tDBMrnya^s 
-axn ,?^n ,anx- DnyoyanyB px tsiynaixn 
,-nya yny'aaa'y: wn |yay> r;x; pm anay^i 
ps oys^sixE ^xo »m -*:-•: iy taijn 

...yoiiia 
i^x ^-\-it2n n^a lyra^o px b>»sj> pyn 
nypa^B ,pyi.xn x ,p^snp yysoya \vv>V' 
?i^x nyna^a x f D?s rsay; --x 1 x ,?y-px 
&"»3» iyaa«? x na jya^s x u^o ,anx p'x 
■im> nya^^p x wo ,Pxa nyoay -y- ~-s 
ty^n x d^o px pymyz ->'•-: -yrsc 
yi"a pa nyay^ ^v.s d^o ?y~:^z ty^x'zL- 
^a T'x 5>XB x lxii ,pdx?2 ayi nnx lyo^; 

...rsa x jyayiya dpiph 
*xip v^ysoya r^x nyoiT «d px iy&a^ »c 
-XDxii |ypn ,?ysmp x r^x [yaasayannx p^ 
tyaxn ay lya^yn pyoaix pa ,jxdz.xp IJni 
yanx ix pa ayayia y^y; kh Dpipyao>nx 
yD^n px px .n^s y^ya w- ^d niaaz 

.a^ainnn yayiayiv^ 
"Dnro,; x lyiiya f»K vtyxvvi nyty^i 
^ya ya"t pa pya^p /emon n s a jyra^'z px 
-v 1 ? px ttaxoyaain w: 5y'B mtx cxn a^na 
py tx ,-x'z x ...y5>ysaya ,iy py^zy- ,;yz 
-jmi Mnrnya»M /or^y^z^ix taia ?yv,y; r>x 
jyDnyaa""ix Sx'z x taay^a }ya |yn .o^s tyt: 
y^yraya x b^b "^xol" fya^sn,, x anyo ixa 
■^n ny B^y^z ,tJ>mon rva px iyD-^a*iya is 
-:y:yia ayn dipx man lyi-'v.s rysyrpyiix 



268 



ESJIDIX SH 



60 



pxa ya£x.n x ,rsa x ,jpik tx ?sn ,r^ ;xt 
?'apx px ^"aix ijn »a tirnpiWM$ tk asn 
5s* ,nya"» Tefcn x s^xaa px nyn — *11D 
x ?T'X pa d$u px lytsia noftt? ,pimi3 
"..lew x rifis^ nww jn?« iv ,tJ>w 
taxn ,maw jypya ea nyas px ny tx 
jjuo^o px nyimataBpn sh nxa Tt IV 
iv Tt taxn ,ty»m px tyapaya tmoni ma 
jyiiya enya px, px ay'aan'yaTytaaix »t 
.-lyoxu px tin ny^a p>x "t nxa Bonp iv 
rto^ pa DBH»*>jnn^a xn nymix tax 
px mtaxP yp'?xn«j» /wa^ta ynx ,mia 
tynnx 1 tt &&rt i>^snp Jtfyvtaya cre-tr tan 
ma nya^amD nyn tanmaya m*5 lynns^ px 
pip px ,taix tyewiw oyi *pix BTion 
,?yasntaya &*J Bi'Sn tasn nxr yaHapxiiyaaix 

...najjt cy;y^ fa 



■emon rpa fl^ai^e p« "Dine k"h 

ma lyjna^o px taxn nac ayay 1 px 
,d:ptx. Dsiitay n.Hpmn ijiwfibiw urnon 
tanxtat." nyn pa "v?ss yvaxa xn tjrii dsu 
d>sh ,iy?xsya epjrtfs dppk ttfxii paaytapi 
"jjnswanya'K t^a ptx ^yoiDi* ta^a ptx xp 
tnsn tasn dsii ,asn xm ypa^ta xh jyp 

.jyaxntaya 
T» x :ta"pa^np x taxn tyasitaya px 
nya itPYien ma flmapna px taatrm'ya taxn 
x tax 1 p^p b*j fyiiyj px iy tx ,tt tanytatr 
taaypya a.TX fyaxn yra?n3 xh iyr, ,t»;d 
nytaDnnya nyi .tyVfram tt iv tynx^x 
nyaf'iyt nyn .ww* ay px maia nyna^a 
-nny^a Dayoyn en wron lyixaHyiJixii 
pa .pD2yta i i , i r;x: Da^pyj .taxn Dy nm y: 
tyn^x iypD3yta , 'Ti xh jyi^r t»jd jytyn 
■Dya on pa xni inya ^x: lynxny^ hyaiu 
typy yf'x pa .n^an ^ya }ytaorvTxn ,iyta 
-ay:y"ia pi»t lynyn ,yax>y: tya t^x btujbc 
yo^x ,iyt^p px nya^Mi .n-yayta :m^*n yan 
nynn^a xh .yrD^yntaa^n l^ax ,ywv px 
lyiiya xapo jyaxn nun n^a jy^a^n pa 
,tyDx^ya jyaxn iix b«t» »na ynyiax n 
H'lx ^n »a »t 0*5*11 T» x ypvxv xtx tx 
,'d.tx D^» ^itx tasxP ay tx T^xa xm„ .fyaxn 
— "^a yynvw x p^t wd Dyay "ixt tp tic 
*im px„ — tanyny: ^n fymiv »n tyasn 



_ X'ax ya^T tyayn iy^nyviyi ny^a nnyo ~xa 
5yam tas^nnya^x fx man ".ay^px,, y:n? 
x^ii "roy^-px,, ytyn pa ya^x pa tyi»iij7j 
-^rv x Dy'aaj'ya 5xo .x Bsn y^Dya ^tx 
lxnxn — ixnx !y;y'3aa'ya -lya^a^ x ,nya 
t:^,, x iv ,sH5>an x p»t p^x jyi^D iy»a no 

...l"iiyta , i; 
"Dy^vpx,, W"t y^yvtaya ta;y^s tyanay 
ta;y^2 \m ."*ixitatr rya^xn,, rytanya ay- "a 
iy^PXiL"' px rynyta^' ma ,iyvn ta^a vvc ly 
iya^ xh ta^o jyaxo px D^a xh *pix yi 

.pitpx tt i^ I'W - n ^ 2n ^ M_I i* ^ ,J ty""" px 
nrvm ayi ^xaa asn wtsfy&vi ?xi taxr ny 
.a>na nya yi«t y5x fix ^^dxjtxp ayi ,Tn 
in"3 ryaxaa^nx ny Day?a nw t'anx px 
,^y*ax , x ta^ jyo^a "t taatfa >» px ^:yn 
rtyn^ px o^a xh ta^o lyt^axta Bjypa 
tmiyj pa ^i^x ..'H-j-v iyi r^x 1x11 — 
anx jx jynx^ya axn r nya^a ta^o aav xtx 
Pxa x ,jynx^ya Txa x ,"D^aix„ -y- »a 
DBixnya ixa a«n i^x mfii ^^x — p'mviya 
nxa tk pa ,tm2n n^a ayT px '•xaa pn 
px ii'taia r»5e» ? i xaa nx ijni px i^d^ x 
iyr, px hypoxia jnx '^i- miia fx nyiv 
lyii px Iptaia iT2 s l" lyTii ?v^v^ r i X' 
..ip^xip y^yvtaya — tx ?nnain xh qwip 
,nyt"n Dxn naia nc^-' ?ib>v n.jn pk ixn 
ly -a- x ayay px iy ?Duan*W3 maa taxrr 
no&J>a pn px nn x ,-'»a^ri p^ta ^x~ t^x 
twoc *y" pM taaixiy^ ^ixi iy taxn Ipnx 
_ xn Daixnya ^ix~ Tx ax~ .'xa; -y- T'x px 
px xt tyapxni >xt ny px lyr^n xh i,ya 
yny^xa x 'n^p un t^x ixp ^mc- n^a 
■ ?xn .Jixii px i^p -y~ .JT"ix *pi« 
..man *an. iv rxnta -\-nyp x tt iy taay^a 
ryax^^ya nyix I't ny o^sn o»x xtx r^x 
nn^x pa taay^a nnan tjni .oenpyj nynx 
,r5i<,n p^ta^* x lyaxa iy taay^a ,\$rm is? x 
I'lytaaix jyaxc an^x ^n oay^a ay ma axn 
ta^D in^x ?ipx fyaixp ^n taay^a px ,iaxn 
sea px xi .a^aaa ,bpix ,dp*ix„ ^H^ya x 
nnan xh jyii ,nyas .."lapnx ,\V2'2:: iv axil 
ny ma hxc tx ,taayiya jyaya amx taay^a 
ma urr'D^D px ^xaa pn taanxnya Dxn 
,nj»p x xpi ,tpi lynyv, ny my^a r BTmn 
taay^a px www nn lyoypx iv [yanp taay^a 
aysy ns^ Bpa xn dx„ .-aHayana f'liayD 
,taaynya ea n s x pa .tax 1 x ''ax ea nnx 



61 



trnbn re 2 "lyawna 



269 



pk i*m„ :tyn£>ya own nya^yn Avtywyi 
"•"idf lyoiayj &x^>a ny nxn rxn "?nnn iyn 
-$iiya px ny us ttrtruM i'b'ik nya^K ?yn 
.jn'DHin^ f ^«5»Tfi fyn 
PK D&s^pyj mia nn^ nxn nnnoix 
K ?xn px dkii ,xc\, :tyn^y^ px i'ioy 
yvaya dh^k pn tMjn nnnnix "?sn nnx 1 
,anaypn.Ka J1K 5ymya pn njy^S'W ,y3s 
pn pa yn-Ktaps nynnayn nyn nnx urnew 
x ,yDE iPictfi ,yaa„ rtsmp pnK iyayn mx 
nyp^tro ynx nyaax^ nun tk i^ax "ijraw 
tyn#» jyciaya pk worra nyn nnx pphk pk 
Wis? px n^iy nix nayn snug? y>»t tore 
xn Km twmx tM»n Tt nn^x dxp dkii,, 
dkii ipnx iWHsn nyx pk nn » ,nnm 

'1TK nn DKH niT>K DK11 ,3X2 nyL'Tl Bi»jl PK 

ny».K pk nn x ,d^]3 ,mfrQ& ?twpi* 
-y; ny^w t^a nnx pk "— ipnK unr«$n 
ptMViVTjja ttitiny tt nxn o^y nyn .Brum 
p^tcifc" yana^D kh pai aa^ay^ nyn tini 
ny .y»»ra nyn pipk tyrymya tt axn mtsxP 
yto'na kh txnnya uy>a x yawKi'i dxp 
y:^t b^d nn 1x2 njypip px rnja yjnlKW 
taxn ^y^iK-yjyopK yny^sxpyannK ynnna 
- :^p iw»TPt"Pi jyaxna pn o*e caKtya ny 
to ...ijwjjna pn nrnK Dansn na^n ,nnan„ 
Bnywnya rpao xtx ,i.i» x oi»n tyaKn 

■K '3K »*J ,1*30 X D&11 RN3 DXV, ,V» "1,TX 

ly-.yn n.TK fyoip \xnix tjtfjm Dy ...Idx' 
*x ,-vy pi?: pk ,ty£mtt> ynynax pa tyt^ayn 
ivx* .lytwyo xm jyttfwii nn b^kt "wtk 
••1 pnm Bmoft n v a lyr-ix tk ,hwi»t »"5 
."ynynjiK iyaya py^xsaxix o^: -pr 
z--y iyv:xa ona ph nyt^-iyri yj^t ^v^; 
•y-yn tyeip ?y^ 5»kt oa^n tk jyaynaya 
-;y»3 Km,, ,iyo?xn -p? ^xt rye px t»3d nyn 

dkh dkii ,iy2xicya Dxn oxn ,x~ nx 

.jo^s xvn c3'B"niv px o^y^miv ptk 
•pasp ^ 

i.L\'"X2 DOITS') 



^-•x ~xn pk ,na yany^' « pk ny tx n^Ka 
".L*nnDn ma tyj^a^a px rtax^a pn 
px roia no^ .Txntaya px ^axiya 
px lyiK^yaa^x nnrx |ya^n moxp yp^KT^' 
x iw>v: v*t dkt ^J^a^D y^K pa ty»Ka 
.D'-Ki'ia d^ 1 nxa D^nac n^a 
y^yvoya wm nyn DK>n "iyay"5„ nxa 
pem»3 nyn pi^vx k>^ pk tasx^pyaax p^k"ip 
..ny^DtJ' ,k^„ :p^^n nra tya^inyaax oxn px 
tx f fyanDnK tya^nya to oxn ■'xaa nyn 
fijni nya^n ayn "nn .oyoynKv, nxa oa^n 
lyuyaya pk n^iy nyn px ^»m x iyaxT xn 
-a^n ya^p lynxn iv D^a pk fy^ayo pn iv 
ay tx ,naxt '•Kaa nyn onsn ,c 1 ypitM}' ywv 
■a^xnx Wi DiTk pa ^xt ?y» .inyc D^a t^x 
,ty3XT ynynax pip px nnc nyn pyay^L" 
-xo n^a jyo ^xt nypmy jW'O^n p»p nnwi 

"?y3 

"nynnyaa^aiv x tya^naya t^k jynaix pa 
lyaxmya ty^yvnya nxn px ninnaxn nyta 
ny .nrnn pn npxnyaax nxn n$<;n .n'-ae px 
oe»»w nxn px n>n x ix lyja.n'&ti'yjsK t^x 
nxii ,npiy nyn n^x n 1 ! nnx jypip \smvy: 
.ynn-'a nnK jyaxn^ya pk 
.tnyn^aya px oas^ya nxn n?iy nyn px 
">i*w jyniaya px tt w ryoipya t\s y^yvny; 
r Dnw» ,nnnp xn n^x ^xt tyanxn,, :jy 
n^x pa dxii ?n^D nn^x nanKii nxii ^naa 

lyna-.x pa lyrisyao-PK nn nxn naxn x 
nn^a nyn pa nx^Py^2 ywK^ya «'" IJ»J"1W 
PK tyna^n pa nnn pn naxayaax nxn f ya 
x ttxnya o^v nxa taxn y^yvtsya lyn^x 
n^n fens ~:xn xn px ,nn isnta s ,v nnyp 
...nx'-py^a xn }y^v:i tynaixrw-yc 
x y s y*nya uxn— r'n^aaa ,nnn p-T,, 
nyn pa jysx^yaaxnx ?-x px ixn^ya ^ni-ya 
px nyoay?ya nyn .nnn pn tyanr y:rn 
nyn .nypnxntr nxa rynxv.ya t\s. nnxn ~vi 
fyoiaya nxn px VBKsntww nn Dsn 2" , y 
pipk [y-yn:x nyn nya^K nynnas fysitDB' 




270 



taejipix N"H 



62 



"am nyo^anK,, pc yB^trya an 



-ya iv anya^R irb fyta^xnya o«n who dri 

.arpx jyaaayp 
:yD«;:iyj rh tr ,pn mm nyaR no jyo 
■■'Dpris yiy^r ^pr BRnya tayr spiR fyajpn 
iajri lyaynpya fri Tt tyasn "T .jnjnj ye> 

yDRJD y^'PR yVlRJ R/H ,5RD~lRittP fJTCHW 
-R"»SRD {'"1KB BMM3 1SfD"n "Wl *P1R {1R PW 

.apa^iya tyaRH "T fix .jyapiya is didp? 
nyta"3iR„ ayn ta^a ireu^r tt taap^ ay tr 
- 3"K ta^Riiya t^a Fyaxn «r .pn is aipo "Jin 
--lya-aaais^tnytaaix yiyt:x sn »<o jyo»n 
.ly^nR^ pR nmn x 1 - d^b ,fya"R 
■3">a jyaynaya bitr is \yn vx ptr fir 
o^a px drt .a'^aa^a PHjmye - pra^a 
lypmDPx t* tie y^^yn ,n»uB> p'p rw.y: 
pr drt ;tytaxntr-> , v,ya px ,jytaRnta p« 
,aaiD3R*iys yptar x ^aiDSR-iys x iyiiy; 
IRQ fjmy: "lyaninyBya arr.R "irb pr ya^yp 
ojjni iyo P« {yapicnya arpx drp jyo .ay s x 
^•itaa^aiya pa jya^ntiniyE tajypy; <n« arrx 
ynto yj^n ^jnynat^o ytatsny yrn tr: fyn 
-irb Fyaxn ya^yn ny'iy^ata^ yayayaiya^R 
-vynapRaix fix B^aiRya i^iynoiyr,x arvx 

.in taiysBRya t^ 
□is tas^R npr fypip nnw ya^taan trn 
xh tik "jjn nyta^aiR,, pa iy-p-; x ,_ 
nya tytoaR^sy^ya *iy"T pa ta^nayaaRaiya. 
;:iL";ya r."H bvr taiyii "aan,, "iyp .p'x 
PR ddro x ,aaiayn;ya yts"-px ynyraiR pa 
yDi; x - D'Rrrcaya yt^aRpnyBx yiyraix 
?y$ytaa> tt tayn ya^yii ,taa.Ro ya^taan p« 
B3RD ya^taan tr: rh px ytaia tr; xn jy;y; 
a«n p« .aaynR yivDxv,-ya:xp xn pa 
":n lyo^aiR,, pa -y-r-,; rh -xa pr 
-xa aawtfya yca^y-y px yoDjny^ x ,_ 
-;y-it3^:x yny ,, T y?x -xa ,r>^2 -y;x: ly^T 
.-yaax yiy^r y s x ~xa ,wdk 
.tjn^DDnpy is na^aynya pr drii ,r^R 
"^ly^R ytoRno jyn^Dnpy no pr oyv. 
nya^yii ,^a x px dri .niy^o px fyaanyn^ 
"ix,, pa yoa^y; nyi px oa^yBtj'ya oiyv. 
fib tyba^ya xn px xpi nrx ",aan nyto^a 



\V 



,iyo taaRT jysRntD x p 
x ax T* o^yayaa' 

RH T^R P»^p .tt^yil 

-ix,, pa ytaa^ya x ,_ ; 
iyaR ;";pi nytD^a 

yDPn: px yv:x; ax X^^4^f 

■ynaR-iS fia ly^a-ry; 
-y;:x ipr ?yaxr ya s yi\ ,iyaaiaynya yivo 
ix ry-RB^yaDPR lya^i px t 11 ^ PtR iyajRfl 

.^xtp^j' iya>>any 

pr jyinx i-xn jyjxii pa ,?y-:-yp ixn 
,1 PDayna ya^DS^x xh rx ,p;apx^y;DM-ix 
".aan nyn^aTx,, pa p^xnya -yD':-> nyn 
x ipx px iynya ny p>x -y~:-y- -y-;uyj ^ 
U?:.«t ay .iv^RBya ny t r R ;y~'Ra iv-xaoana 
-Rn ya^yn ^yn^yD^oix yopiy: ;>"•>: -yax 
iyrx^ya D^a lyi.iR 1 ps ?r^-ya px d.tr tya 
;yo^xny: d.tx tyaxn ya^yn r tysR"i3iB>DPR 
--ya px D^ay^axanya ,iyox"' jyayta px 
csnya o^a ^r ps t:\xv, iy jyn fir ,Dytaax 
;:x^ pi» ta^Rii fri ,DfiRipDayay5 s ya ptr 
.tyay^aya a^aayrya p'p d.tr fia 

-y- pa irp x pk "aan wam,, iyn 
an^x ux~ ISO ;aa s ,ayp,ya nys^tas'rR'i'wc 
ny^w* x RPi ,t:^y-axnya aaxaaR p£ -yax 
tapipya DiTR ipx Fyaxn jyoRaya x^ - .tpp 
nytaaix ya^ta^tayaya jyayn tapaia ivi .amp 
-:x: rx jyapx yiy^r p« ar-x ojjn jjw.db' 
ps taopiDya |yaxr "t .ta-r^tany-ipDH ;ys 
*x ^n ta^ta^-iya .tR^vi^Riiyi y^x^RD xh 
,p>KnyB~DMWts^iy»3W x r^i ,t»ay xrx 
.VW nyiayB^iyaaiR r iny; rynya -" »a vx 
ipx jyoipya »t is t*n i^x-ya rtr iyn fir 
nx ^yaxaapx v^swx o^e ,yiy n ax O'O 
-^xrpiyoapx tnyiRBya "T pa taxn ny ryii 
x taxny; »t "a iy brh .yogBo^D px a^p 

.pnn fib a';s 

ais rpi ^EBoypya a-: DiT'R o»s;r ;y: 
-jv— p"-id yr:yar-y-''- ya:x*: ^y&^'^a 
.a^a naix ptr tynyryaopx toRn iy .a.\s i 



b3 



..,. -jy B «a-|g j-,s yaz^'v; n- 



271 



•pa-iK iyi ryiKnya pk p^mBte ktk pk 

-yj 5ia pk lyoPTi pk aatf kh ."3in nya 
.jjnnyD'n^HDiBfl ^a ,nonfo a^a jyisr, 
ayn asnya DKn "aan TjwariK,, "tin "v»a 
=isD8p-"tri85 tytJD*»x»»n ayi pk naia 
-ya kh .B»K"ai8BaiK m pnny^pny w 
,aa«m pk aiiatJ> fyvasa i.tk a^a ,aaiayv, 
iyn a>a .tyaai5 px imi '•its t)MX£WH>M Pk 
.jtd"b> yaxap x axnya km axn my nyanan 
-jbjm tiK aa^aay^ya aayaa^a in dkhi fya 
ayi ,ir»^a mnas tyayp aaynpsw pk aiya 
lytD^anx,, Tin ixa .aK8aK> jya^aaaiPiv 
in tytK^nyaanK aan^ny in bkp "aan 
w ,my nyanan njn *pik tyaai^ ny- pa 
.a^ayyanaxn ya^yrx a^a in lyToyiyaa^K 
.MWtDehiyejYK yjPB"T«MiW kpi 
apaia iyi iyaK pk ^nayTH nan ayi 
tynya d»3 aaivwiyaaiK yana^nayaya jyayn 
■"am*,, pa nyiana kh "a pyiiv aann iy- 
•yaKarya pk apsis iyryn lyaa^n ,"jn lya 
-qpk pk aan tya^iasnya w 5xyrx iy- 
-yj rh ..rycsa yB»TK kh tytj'mv simm 1 ?? 
aaynya iya^a axn aawatnyaaix yvwtw: 
-D^Dpy kh rjnyamya i* ? ,y a * a k a^x 
in^tk kh tyD^mvan f t«mw> pa raya 
iv ,nnan yinaxniyDaKp kh pa nya^aiK 
pk aHtj>aixa pa yyTK. iyn ikb »t jyapiya 
tya^aiK,, pa nyiynaan: kh .diopp^w 
a*a *.Ka phk a^aiyi lyax in jyaxn "an 
-jhd^ik >n ixa pk bki .a^ya^ya fyiynaiv 
5y^a V* pk iK^aaHKypK rajm iv jyaip 
tyauyaa^nx anxi jyaxn »t pk ;tj"apxia 
-skp jyayp apaia » ins n*aasna "W"t PK 
-yj in a.«n "ain nya^ans,, njrr .ty^^iys 
lyin^a w pk lyjiyay iv ya&aapK v^ a^yDL" 
« tyny^ rn< dni— tyaay^ya yiva»nyB^P 
ph dki ph a^v nyjy 1 pa bd"ji ayi iv rrv 
iyjy> pa ao^a pk dkp^ks iyn»n^ya ?snay; 
?yuyinni kh tk .jycK^ya aKn iya .a^v 
ry^Kt tyajianiyaiyaaiK yivasiysKKP w» pa 
•onK iKa ,"iyiy^aa^a kh ikb i,ynya »>a 
.KiaKaKama pa wpym kh ikb i^d^l- 
iya^aiK„ paiyiana kh |yrn nrs pk 
.DiKa^nyaKKP vww kh ki fyiK^ya "^^ 
yanaayayii p« i^ya-oas^iKa iy»r iKa 
-yaya >n^iy^K jyaipya «t ?yaKn yayia^a 
oyn lyDPK nya.K a«n nynaD^a iyiy^ .db»b 
nns'' -"H yany kh pk rym^va^K ariay; 



■^ia ,yiyoyia nyi^ yiy;y^>p ,vw:# y^a 
.fyaaiayiiya yi^oyia 



5H3K lytoiya oyi ,phiv ins 1 12 a^c 
-ya ann'aKai^ ?y»^B» pk ,-ihk 1 iyaise-2 
nya^aiK,, pa p^Kiya nya^ny iyi rxntpii 
.ao 'wy5n 26 p« ^sri cya^Hp k pk ."aan 
PK lyD^aya yamyvya a^yo«nya m jyaKn 
lya^av^K oyi -,Ka aaiyaKiaia ay- op^v: 
y;yaH^yaaiKa kh pa |ynK ayi— imu 

.lya^aiK srvn 
-^k iyi pk typya iki pk c^v yo^r n 
ymyacnya pa a^s k — aaiayiwa ly-K'H 
nya tyT-K kh .npi^na ya ,, n pk :yaaueK- 
mypn.Kta^iya y*?$ lya^t ya^yn ,jya:ia?Ka 
pk iya^^'yaaK iyaKn naK^DH p« tinijiiya 
- , a , K y^H^K oyHKV,a yDma a^a Kpnyas 
-ya in iKa jyaKn lya^aya kh pk .jyaasia 
-a^Dynb 1KB i^ya ya>na pk vom k jynyr 
\yt2ny: iv aya^iyai^a H't lyaxn «» a^p 
.nyioiKP tKnai^anK ,ant3^ a^a Kayna kh 
AVt&m rynnypinya^K 
"n jy-j-n* (yaasayaaK -yas* jya-^t ay 
pk dk- 4y>Hyanp yanioyaiK "OH7 ipa 
-y— s x'VKD kh W"::; la^KP iyn fjmyj 
;aiayr,ya kh .jyacaiKas kh pk jya«np^a 
yy?iwv a^a mmaya p« atypiya aKn 
•oBK^pya maam ins iya^n ya^yv. r tya&jnp 
-xn ay ,i^i^DKa .naoKP fyryn pk lyiKiiya 
.jyaKtiya oms yi^a »a tyjicya i>* tya 
.jyaijnaiya'K aaypya a^a Dy tyaxn ya^yii 
•yaKnya ya^ytK .rtypyyi aKn aKn ya^yii 
.aan iya^aiK pa nynana kh ryuya rya n r 
-iKP r ?ypapi fy^BB> k aanya jyaK.i »»t 
kh pa ^yi iyn tya^nanyn a^a ?kt ay r'n 
jxwnw jyay^ tyayp ry^Ki "t inii ,ijr»nxrpw» 
iy^KT "T iku .y^K^iKn pk jyiyna pk in 
yay 1 pk .nia^'o yiyn ta^a fyn-naK tyayp 
a^a tya^Kiya nyaK ;yay^a fya^v yanana^ 
;yay^a ay ;rayaa^apy iyn a^a pn nyan 
PK tya^Kiya jyiyn aynayaanK v^w yiy 
pa -lyiana kh jfy^sBiyiawsfl v^w iny 
k aanya nr\vn iyaKn "n^ nya^aiK,, 
fya^^a ww nyiynaa^a kh ikii ^^Kiya 
-yiyaPK ya^a'nayayj nn iynaiayaayoxriv 
a'a ipk pynaKT ,nrami a^a -i: o^a— fyo 



272 



BSJlplX Kn 



64 



"DPK D'J "iy3X OXH ".UH "UHa«S"IR„ TJH 

tt twnpi*a"K nix .tD^nwatfya xn tavijy: 
-y^ay:i pk iy ."Mutt"? "waiK,, kh "a in 
dri ,5»ya ptk mix ax-uxna p»t is »no jya 
o'j ^"nw« p^P nyowi tix oxn ny 
ry pk nws .fiaoxP^anxa ayn piR lyDiJiytf 
pa oaxrayn xh orh iy axn .ryoipyjopx 
oya ayn px uniKiiyj o^j nkmj^mjd xn 
.ttfnww"* o^ tyBO*3T«JK wn pa 

-:>» y^s pa poa ay- oxny; x* oxn ny 
-"onxa jyjpvn x pa o^s pr yt^x^onxa 
"a fn'nix ps iy\xay:pHX px ny ;*ienxp 
paa r jyivyj nyax px dot .ty^onxa yr^a 
px "jjn nyo^2nx„ nyn .nyoaynyjjix f,R 
iyfoio&J' "iiis mix jyson is tyny: jyapxo^ 
y^x nxa pn is xsp tyniyj tyapx b-o px ny 
;;x2jx pa fynyj si pk n:na pn ;bnro 
jpoanapx px nnnny ,bu mo f>a 

oxn lyosjiyj xn na b"pjpb^:d"5j xh 
mix ryainysax. nyuy nnyt a^xaiyny vt 
px nya^yn ,aiw nyanx2 tyipoxnyaxxP oyi 
nyn .nrw 1895 ^nax px tynxiiyj ojyayy; 
-ya xh ;tynRiiiya oop'e.yjopK f«a px ast? 
~aya dx px |W»JiW ax fyiy: px M.i5ij«n 
■ya Bjy^a nyo^ooxp nyanosJRO nyny 1 .jyo 
-;x nynx "oanpis,, x'- ,yoyna d5x .istt^ 
f B"T» f:» tjnwyi-a yanoaxtnyopi ynyn 
nyaxo-PiK^p tyopna px rv5jay px tro^n 
•':ix nyp^noo xn o5x;yj iy» oht» P^noD 
•~x:x xh xpi nix ^yoaHx^sxc irh .oon 
"nyruMMiK nypn o^o nyax jy2xn ,iyoD^a 
oinxn oxn xn px ,t3in»r»ijao»c ou wid 
"ix yn£„ xh iij iD'j .tDsnyj .i^xany t ,r P 
-yj^a-ix,, xh tix piyi-'XT /'yo^otj' nyo^a 
niH4"3TK„ Qis jyo^xmya ^n oxn "jawx 
an^x ryjyn tx'^.o^x p 1 ? .o^xp nxi "Jin 
onip iy» nxn ry:;ianynyo2ix yj"T px 
pa fycDtr i^ax oxn iyo ;tyt^yj^ o'o 
-•anx,, D'yn |y;yv, jypm o5xny:i »»j P^xa 
-:&ayj dhxi rx axty lyanxa nyn ."^h nyo 
ontsyj an^x nxn jyrs px ,oa.y^ nnyr tyj 

•tyayja^x 

-zx tixn tycnyaxxP ^ ,i 2 yaxia ytyn 
PM iT'o ^y'a "jm nyo^anx,, ayn ODXPyj 
*n dxt ^XP"' ^'X lyoipyao^x px ay n^y; 
PK tjniyj px p'xnya pa nyftD'vDpy yoxn 
a-H^HD xh r ,yjxrnxn xh.iij px .i,ixay; 



"XP ixa uxa iyn ixniya t^ dxi .ix^xn 30 
ix^xn 30 yiy^ jjionynyojix yivox*iya.x 
txm ,tyny^-pHiv tyjyp nynao^o nyn ojy^a 
.l^xnya pa tyoynoDnix oiy^a iy 
^^ooHxyT'x Km ^y^nyaxxP P» xix 
jro*Hsn xh ^yn oxn jjnwa o s j px pwm lyn 
o^ ^onxa -ly^DDHx^xD *un na nyoD^a 
f tD^v x ww t'Xi t^x Dy .oaxoyj tbd«ii 
kh pa tyoixp yom xh px oxn tyo tyn 
pa n^iKJ y^vj^x xh jynyry: tyopnonn 
-^DXJXPy \'*mn l^ax .yox^P nyta^a-ix "iyn 
?yo oxn dix^v-thb xh pa «i3»xp tyt^ 
-VHO xh is .ojy^yj tD^ oamyj chj pw 
lyny^v^yojix fyjjsayajx nno oxn oix^i'' 

XH IS 1J2*1 PW» X^P PTX ^TOT^X^XD I'O^D 

?inx jyj^aya^K oxn jyn .,mn xh o>d jypx 
nwK 2Px :t5Ji^ryj! px ^td nxa x ayp ikih 
w: 2-ix ,w\i px ,rnin «n jynnyjjx oyn 
,t»t onyo^nya .snap yny^x xn i^x ^-so 
_ XP xpi ^^ronyHya.Px yaniyna xtx nvn 
pYp Biitf yjj'iHyjHP xtx px oxn ,jy©"nyax 
-ap"x »ij ypxo oxn xn px .o.xnyji oax^P 
.Djya-'H yc^oDHx^xB xh ty^xnpyj 
nyto^anx,, -yi toxn o«s "ly^ 1 w xrwu 
.lyBD'onxjx xh o>o ^px lyaHyap^x "Jin 

"J1H iyD^2*1K„ 1JPT- DWT ,tD3*TW ty2PX XP1 

-x"iPx^y~"^x^xa diy 5m» M 3 oiy^piy ^n 
nyax t^x axn .naoxp ijwwDD'rums-vo 
"Tin tjnw nnyr iii ,i.y*iy^pny iv wo» Jina 
lya^x mypx^eyj oxn fiaoxp nyn .ryin^aiv 
lyo^aix ~iy^H ,| x nyi pa ;yjH njntj» nyi 
t^x nya^yv, ,";jh nyo^aix,, iyn ;:^:ypy2 
,ty»ny: mioya oxn .jyo'o px ty.^xo^yj 
JJ15SPOB' yoo^o^ya x ,nyoya^ njnx nynna 
-oana* pa o^x nyn px oi^Dxa oxn oxn 
."j^tt"* iyo^2-ix„ kh tyjyj p>hod nysyT 
jy^xo^yj f'x lyxyTD&nc xh pa S^no p^x 
^hd iyux tx ,":mB"¥ nyo^anx,, xh d^d 
yt"2 ."ww. lyo^aiK y""ia„ xh b^d 
-is xh yp'x D"iy^p-iy jyaxn ix^r ry^MO 
;y2x,n' ry>J^ ,,, s xn"a xh ;D2ypo nxe yiyn 
hx„ *>xn> .ann pk ajy^yj y-iynx xh uo«h 
-m ojypy; o^ inyo pw aixn ":pi nyo^a 
xn .tyiawii yn Y, a px ryoanys yj"T typ 
-x^'xa lyiiya jypn *iynyn:o^» oyonK r K« 
'phis jyax^ya oxn p^xnya nyn px jyoon 
-lyo'nnx yna r , xn pa lyoanya xh tymv 

."ycoty 



b5 



aan nyta^sis pa j?M*pyj tf v 



273 



-x; iyanB>aya "ijn ps pit? w$ dki 
"»n foro'vn pa iyD«aya Kin "iny» dkii :iib 
inx ,tnn8aa , K "an Ijtt3"ai8.„ nyi pa 
ryia.iaya.is in tyaxn nytaDya r^x PK nyaay 
pa trur^ap^fi w»t jnjnj* sh is ya^K 
jyanp taaypya an dkh jyo fyu .a'ayuya^K 
,WfD»m na tyaxaya sh na dtjtiwwS 
yoDory Kn na lya^K ,rnnw -^ dkpi fsn 
pu Bnwopjf&yj mnynsnj/aiK rflwSjona 
-yata-ixa tucn p'xiya njn .tmrwo na spi^nya 
-pxna anaya^a.f'Kiya ^^proynD pn tasy* 
px .jyaaiay-itar y^gjrp-K ta^s ya^n yt5»ta 
ps yaaayp y^>x Kn is 5btid"j anaya^a 
u:v\»ti utaitn nyiy^atava xn .aaiaynya ly-i 
■"•DD^snrtfD— tyaaitaan yayiytnya na p»t 
,DnaTip>BK ytr^DDnx.^xa ,yrnn?; _ Da,y~i vw 
Din a^xmyanx nxa nyax jtytaonaiKaK nyi-K 
-ynanya wk vt jyj"t a^ayiiiya^K -P'xnya 
i Tjn-y^ao'o yanna^na p» yannyna jya 
pa ?yiw ay- dkti iy"Tjrpi»x na fee nan 
.lyaanaewnyaftK o»a p'snya 
"DtanyiiiKe,, ayi na aaW'tny "iyi t^o 
ay- na dpik^i nyanaan im [$ m aaase 
oxn ya^y^i ,tK»sns&K xn ."aan nyD^anx,, 
nyryn na aanana im is tainpsya inoyn:." 
PK Da 11 -; ay 11 ; x tytx^ayaa^nx taxn ,aaita"s 
yanDe»B>ayD8aya yaox Kn ;aaiaynya ny- 
Dy ,iy-)$v,y: taiytaatfyaann fya"t yanaya 
-as: y»na na taps x iy:.xtaa'.yaax pk 
■yn pk ,p'tanp y>na pa ,aaipa."i 
m* ->nw2 Dnsiiya px ";:n iwaiK,, 
Tjroaynyj dTK is in taxn iyo ;inna;ytap 
nrs iyTyMiyaD^N- ta-a pib> taxn iy ;tapipyais 
,;y.vx yantaaxa>ayaxaya Kn ixa yjououn 
taaMtanaya in taKn ,nynym "DDnyinxa,, ny- 
nyp'taKarpD taanya taxnny ,yMiD8S» 1 c pk 
-$d iny ins taayayya tiya in dmi ny p» 
»»»njn ris^sfa^is yay^Tya^a^DD^x^ 
-y- p« s yoy?a y^: n is in dukg 
"DtDTyinsa,, njn ."aan ,ann„ pa yoa^w 
"aan iy»"2.i£„ ay n»a acyayy; in osn 
-:yayy; in dxh "aan lyD^anN,, iy- iin 
« na sptfiwi p« .Dip^aia lyoma i'ihs 
■*any^itt»D xn pa ?nss s,n pk nrw^ ixxa 
oxn p»K,nyE tyi ax- ,am: nrx iyn«iiya 
v lyanjpna xn px nyaixoax' xn oan^-y 
ixi .jy?xpx^ yiyiairya px in fyfosnya 
— finx ta^nttiis {"tnya nyi in dkh 



unvtown jfi»t na b"n:3rajrr\ya'« p« 

-x- .;ynyanyD:ix na Dyoyny; an^x jyax- 
-ix„ Tin dk.1i .lyrymyaDnnx in dxh d?kc 
rx ;*un3P53tt»D P3«t IKE' pk "a:n lyo^a 
nytaaiK pn D;^^xiya dkii ,D:yoyv ny- 
dkii ,D:y»yv ayi pa DnKain m ojn-^c 
:y-yi;.x tmp pa lyiy^wn xn tsa^a^KniSB 
-ys -yi pk dkh .p^Knya-Daais^tDBnytsaiK 
ed^j oa^aya \yv jya^yn ,m»^a xn pa tujna 
-aiK nyias pn pK jya^ay; d^; ,yp jjna nx 
.l"iny£rD:uupBtsn!Ha 
ike tyixnya px "aan lyta^a-x,, ~y- 
ijn nx y^nitr ya^DPxia x "uhiy^B^c ya^n 
-yi o^anxyaanx BTjm ay ikii ,n-xn:yjya 
xn px .deoipis x v ~ pa mvn ly^xyrx 
-yais yayn nyay^D dpo m jyaxn Dn^q^n 
-^ay; anx~ iyaxn »n .y^mtJ' nyn is finaia 
_ na pa .D^pania^-a pa ;:vr^L" k fyj 
ayi px ryany tyaxn »n ya^yv, ,B"panHin 
ixvi ysaxa xn .jyaiE^ya an jyay^ iwoiik 
■ypa 'n /lytana nx lyiw lyD^a'x »t iy:y?a 
-•-nanonyayaaxaix "-nny^x lynyoa'a^x ;y; 
ny- a^ip pK tytsiKii jyay^a pK nns nx [yea 
tyay^e »t ikii ,r^^'- x ^ik m rytaisfii 
-x~a xn jyaayaya is taax-.p pK rjona ,yayL" 
pa mix xn px ta"pannny;ya:xr,x x-- ,yv 
.ixr, yiayDip s ,_ 
iyaKn ya^yn ,-iyta^aiK yann^ia k^- 
ar x pa ayo Din oaixnya on aax^ f»w 
jny"t ppik Dn^aa'-y-i iyiy^^ ay jyaxn ,aio 
"t ya^yr. na ^yDDyaoyinx 1 pK ryDy-:x- 
.tyaaiaasn y«a lyaxnDDmx nyo^K iy;y^a 
-naD^nyDDD^y nnaiya^x .iyay-aL" :y»: 
o^D "aan nx,, ay- D-,nnyDpxixa dkh iin 
Danna Ty^aana x iyii„ :pn-anx imayj^sa 
ayn isma rami ay oay^a ixi ,\y-w pixi? 
aaip^saay na unrriMta tro ."i^xiya iysaxa 
xn imi ,y^ya yomiyia Diyanx-y ~y okh 
"ina-s xn iv yai\s, ta^a'iy tyaxn, -y-y~:c-'z 
f D~ina x na ny-na x na ytaan^as n ,_ y~ 
is ya"K aj^nayayanya^x t 1 ' nyiaia k pa 
iypmonx a-y-:xryz in taay^a y^>-:x Kn 
"a ,^xEDpna:ix ;x s, a f t3-"npaKip x "2 
■apixaa* ax px jyaaanya' ax .p^idd fyny 1 
jyi3"S xn px Dpn-yaa^ix axn in as- pre 
-yisw xn jyv ,1893 px ,d'v~p fyo^na na 
Kn d^o o5«nByj in^aybia^Dia in iyzx- iyi 

.Dayo^ yosy^ 



274 



MilplX KH 



66 



-yiy- iv .1903 ps, tRtyayiURp nytam ~\vi 
-y-)Dnya wo D/Dipya pw tj/n PR tR^ayna^p 
-*ib pptateriBiina* tfR oy^Bayia 24 p© nyo 

twamyrBM brh aanyBD^jya yDDyia rh 
brh -«a^j"K ny'y^ pyiiyHaB'D x^ tytj»m 
ya'n lyiaaiBiKiiiy yBoyia rh Km f tyn.yty; 
i^B^aiR,, nyi Rni ,BaHpTinya jynyii 
px kb56 tyiny nruyDsa p»t Bonyaiya "an 
,b ,,v - »»j pr »«» rh Rm ,33iayiiiya iy~ 
-anR y^« pa fjmni iy- tynyii ayu iy ryii 
.lastf pk lyHBBy^Ria w»tk ytanny^pya 
0"»b lywaR Bay^a phis nriK 1 10 t^o 
-onK Bay^a am nyB^aiR ijn nyi^R nns 
rs5»s yDoy-is , w>bdhb'>srd nxn pr tyoya 
phis imp 2 yssjp b*b< i$a ;Banya R *pir 
■yaR^Riiyi rh Km ,jyTK5yaomK ny bkh 
yr*P yBvaRiaxBpyn r pa-B^DH pK fyi 
B'O {ik ikii jynya D^a pr Dy 5"11 pyBy^a 
I*n>oynaxp rh brpt bvr .jypm is drii 
jyaxn p»s;r "aan lyB^aiR,, ljn tk ,tyDR^5>ya 
hrs , pk wvgBug 1KQ irii yny ddi^rp - 
-bl" "!ytt»aiK "y ,, ~2„ nyvpR pk "DBiyn 

."SIB 

--.ya-x Baiypya in bkh lynaB"^ ly"^ 
■UPehyBJiR iyi pr Dy Dnna rpi jya^v 
pa BirpayaaR lyiyn ya^yii ,DaymR tycms 
DMi fiwayo pa pyag^-SKa y^nRwaKna 
ly^nis pk p^ya nxa ma pk *tfy:i iK,a tyayn 
-yaon$s pa BnirayjiR iyiyv, ya^yn ,D3jmif 
■"t drii tycwyo pa .pyHRBy^Ria yayBHs? 
iv B-nya [ya"T pk pyaax is B3n$iiya \v: 
■ns,, ;y*nK iyn .|yy*pR yopn iRa pyaax 
.DPia -nyr fyop'RiiyaDnK pk "rs~\ nyB^a 
lyDyia B^a eyaa jya^r niRSin rh nayinyii 
Ijnryiiy: Biynya B">a P'K dkh irt k— nynRnya 
.DayniR unjru* pk 
jya BR.n tK^ayiiaKP iyBm ijn ^i^k 
BnnaiyW'Rpyi bkh pk B^aany-i D^aaya^a 
-jyiURp kh .a^iivayrx"! .aya rK^a pn n^K 
stir .jyoiaiyaaK \vw»TayDW]n rh brh tw 
rihunwj Baxoya fya^n tR^ayiiaRp yryn 
.ly^TB^BDaRp K-i pk jyjjnjnay ya"5p 

"1R1P "K11 K IR^KH 6 B^K B^a jyilK *iy~i 

B^ayaya-iyBTiB ik^kt. 400 pk B^ayaya-iyp 
,»ne m pa ik^k-i 200 pk ikb k pa 
"'■•ais,, "iyi .oy^K B^a nyas pk dri 
nny*: 5s?»a tyiy^aB- ,, B ya^T B^a "aan nyB 



Dy^'Bayna yrav^R kh lya^r dkt .Dy^Bayna 
ty^MB lyay^aya nyaK jya^t "t .3 tiR 2 ,1 
H3 kt pr ny^nyBaiK nv*i..Dyx3Rai p^k pa 
.ty^KPK^-aa^B »n pki ?yiiya 
ryaaKayaaK in okr inK s |yBi900 diik 
"3Ha iv aaiayiiya k ijny^iB'n kh tjw^nx 
jyoipya pk yiPBK , v , a s K kh ;i,yTiK IK ty- 
tt jyaRini oy .1 t^Bayna nya^BV^K nyi pa 
txrinR iK pr tk ,mayB b\b nyaaya tyaiaya 
nmni jy-aiKV^nya pk Biyay^pnya jy^yii 
.D^nayayanya^K ya^nyina pa jySn^aya r^ 
\"ip lyaay tK pKiia ryn^BD^Dpy \v:vp ya^yii 
BiyiB>nR , RB- nh .yBaKpya yava pk yB^R pa 
■Rjn^K dpk ^r fy*n.R ik 1rb lynya nyaK p« 
-iK Ik anay^T ;yiana yr^pKie dpk \s ,y5 
-^-ya h ,?yDpRii nyi ,aaipTv, kh ty^yni ?y~ 
,Dnia ptk tinyii "aa.n nyB^aiR,; pa aaiB 
b^d cyi 1KB pyaaR va »ma pk a.y dk~ 
jy^ni ,ty*PR tK anoy^r ;|y^n>aya yBaya k>- 
-py rh pk pyay^p jynyii mwnn kh ins 

.nyBoyai n-yBc^D 
ly: tyiRiiya Bynanaya p-R irtR 1 1901 px 
n-'D oma b^d ."aan lyB^aiK,, pa ?yiiK 
;nyBn.Kr'B-B^BD k tyaRipyaoniR tyo bkh 
Bayi DRi iyB 4 ,pya brh "aan nyo^ans,, ny~ 
.aya .ay^Bayia iyTp:xr,x is tJms d^k 
-yo d5r fyiRiiya B^yB^yaaK pk anaaya^a 

.lyBynp 
h fyiRiiya ryB^KnyaaK pr iooi \sn px 
nyB^aix,, \pr\# pa tR^aynaxP ywnv 
-anK aniyn Dyts"BpKia nyaK bkh Kn ."aa.n 
pk nnK^ tywsny pa B^anK kh .tutfioy: 
-ya jyaKP oy .tfjjeny a^ayn b^ jyiiiya mx 
DiR ,iy^B^B y^yn^aKa^a ya^nBna kh B^nya 
ys3R3 dkh .tynnnaivaK tR^RB^K ya^an k 
"pyiiR pk DytTBayna *m yB-j-ny rh pa i^ya 
Un-38 K3Ra k pn tynn^jRaiR ipk tywwyj 
-'nis ny" inK B^mynya nyaK brh aaiB^B^* 
IK^aynaRp yiyn .1902 pr iK^aynaKP iyB 
b'b PK1K3 k b>b tyiRiiya Biy^aya pk 
"iyn .aapyBD^aya b^b ,aa^BKHyaayoKD n 
-yHaB'B -ayrnB k "a Bsnya pw bkh \v~^ 
p:b5 tPya^K Dy^Bayna yan is K b^d ixn 
hk„ TJH' tk ,?yiRiiya ir^p ik~ pr ay 
i^ya lyB'Ha.pR tyoma r brhi "aan nyB^a 
k in iKe BR! ijjr tk ,B"pa^BynB \^t iKa 
bkh aKn .Baaipis yanmyn pk y^ayvay^; 
inx lyTymyaDmK iRaB^HB^yaaiK y:$i m 



::n -lyts^s-ig pa yDD^yj s* v 



275 



,....- -^"anx,, | 12 , tfxsny -iyn ;a-ixaya a^; 
"lya-x jyaauaRn yaaya jny*»r y^x &Rn 

...,... y= - y _ p N ijwrmTo nyn ,tyaxna 

0x1,1 dvir*i ,a,Tx ps d."ii tyt^xnya v axn 

-ya^x-xa tya^-nyn ,ty^axsa>a xtx ny 



"-ix„ [is vvymi x^n fysnip px px axn 
yftpa px naynny^ya px yatyn ,";:n ny&va 
d.tk }j/a»n ty^a jo^bdjip ya^p .anna 
tyay^ D"a px tyanyaD^nx t^a tyayS div 
lyaipyatPinR ny px ainxn ,t:yftfRnyaj"R a^; 
v:"p .rniya-aayay? px tDDysi pR napya mx 
•yjfc^H »ij a,Tx jyaRn tyaa^axnyaoyaxa 
y: r T ,apx;pyaapx ao tynyn yj^p # umir5a 

PM "X DIIRT f DD».?BWB»lK t^J B#P»ffl8 

px diIkt .tytR^ayaa^ix b*j Diiarxninttay 
.tynfcrnya tyPR^yaanx d»j av^x pa ^xa ny 



"••"x,, -y- Djrn anx aya ya;>j"x px 
.tRBoyuasp yany^a x-n tyt^xnax "jsn nya 
inyo xn pn ayn km &xn /BytniRimy }y,o 
.Donwojmjijp yanynna y^x pa ya-iyaa^aya 
■*.p nm* nyn ayp tRE>3yiiJRP nytyn tpix 
■ayna 70 ynxa^a pa nyaynanye a^a t;yo 
-ayna unna w:"H t»in "t tys$»iis ,ayL">a 
3 d£b nyayn ty»sns fySnyv ya^yu ,aytya 
5rdx -$; d£x nrryn ,nyny^aa^a naypia 
Tin bwi ny .jynn<R? x nxa xpi fr*a nrx 
,iKfan -aypia 15 pa tott'&gp x a^a jyoip 

i k P^ms intr inks x a^a naynnyr, 

Wiya Bans tyvaxa px pogp 
tya^yn ,tyoxa fyaia x ana t»in doip ny 
-xanx'nya^anx ytj»TK w*n ynyaxn jya^yr 
.tyanxiny pr ay jyu tt ryaRn jyjR's&pa 
nyma Mrs ijnfl^b»o y^ss "3 t^k jy-ns ny- 
y^^.iy; kh lyayii ansf ny ^m ,nwn px 
•y.n-- ,yp38ip «h jyjyri ^11 wjjm o^j 
-yp rh fyayii k s^v, ny^jyii »^ nvj^j »n 
nw pa aaiR^naya y:y^xp^sie jyjyn ,iya 
-mriya |yajni Km lyj^yii b>j nnv tia PR 
.?ye"prj"5p d»b px y^>Vi x fi s ix won 
DjWfijjjna y^y^a tyaxn iniR 1 tyiaxy? 
"py^> jPHyirw-^ya lyo^snyj ^^xoynD^D 
DjwtMjna xh ya^yn /'Da^ipiv,, xh .mwe 
ww pnw nnsv ihrs x b\d jyaxn 
"Jim "* pa ny^x x^n nnyo nnx 1 tyiyn t^x 
nx b'xii) 5 tymyia xn .tyixTiy-t vwwwq 



k^ii ,ByDnx"!^xo pa fR^py^ x^- "» b'j iy 

xm ;b»w']»h pa iaa.RK) rh t^r oy oni; 
IX s, t DT^ii ny ;PKsn jyaxmy x^i ,\r\yc 
,Btt^Tiy iv tyaxn ny»»aTn rh ^a r^i 
fy5yu »m a^is ,r;3"ny jy^yp "t ^y^a x>r, 
-ayip vwk wi iyvi:ivcnx iyo'11 ix; 
r iyt3?yp>iitDjy "t oaxc ixmR nytyn .tyto 
-""uya iv px sy rynyi iv nya^nyai ,nynyDJic 
up'uvym -:y^y pk my® "iy~ ryv, .oy tya 
nxe rtio b^c D^yj^nyaonR px ntri: pa 
jyanmy b*j t? iy iyp rxi ,jrb fyaniynx^ 
in ny typ wn ;5yi&py£yttrR px Bw^mwa 
y^flttio px yv^Rt^ xn cd [.yjjmann b^; 
-x'-vxd sh »*o— BxnRBy^Ria pa \yyi'$ 

AWT* yvpiacyt 
nx,, pa aax-ip-a^irrviv x'7 t^x dx~i 
px nyojru px D>na tanyn ya^yn ,ajn *iyb^a 
.iyB»ant< yDnny^pyaa-'ix rh pa ryr^np h 
nsDxP "iyi B"t ^ya^xnxa pw jyrn "inx" 1 12 
xh px lyDxnpxDyT^x^'RD xh lytj^iiv 
ay- jyax^ya is jya^xnya dx-j jytoD s aixjx 
|ya"T ty^nyrip y^x y^y 1 ."un lyts^ans,. 
■jyDynya pa ^«d px |yr3ixii^y:py^x pw 
-^aix,, ny- ryay^aya »n pa px ay .ta^n 
yiyn pa m fyaxn y^y^a prriwi r "i;n "iyta 
ytovy^ kh jyaxn ay tjni .Dyuyny; niDn^o 
inyo B^a ^x^ nipifrre ryaxiayaDPx ty-inx' 
xh jyr'^pv ,ayo nyr:yv, px B^pe^ne 
nyn jyn px ,toDa^yr iy-DR*i;pRDyr^s^D 
■yax^nyi cd tiHRiiyj 5ia pn n^ya-Da.x^ v 
m w\ "ajn lytD^anx,, nyi pr jxi ,nin"': y; 
-"t ay pniRiVi ,rx^3-D:jit3.yi x tyiR^ya ~iy~ 
"iye px jny^o xh tynRiiy: lyjiiDJx jy: 

.yto^ya^nv 
nyD^aix,, ijn ,pvtJ> ny brh ^rn xrx 
■yj d>j jyaxn .■'i^vbbj f njni**w y^n ."a:n 
aa^ipiv ijn. pa *iy"^e> ayi ryannapx tojyp 
*o;ypyj wi jyaxn »t ;oi^ typipi^nR px 
■UP'T pa aji^nya y^ia kh tynyranxixa 
Dim iy drii ,;y^xi y^oan rh ^^xnya 
tyaxn »t .^layiiya ijw»t« iyn px iy^y>sr 
-nya jyo xpi ,onR r^x anx \ynvw "via 
,anp "t «npx npip jya xm ,d^ »»t tanyD^ 
ny»t nyax tyaxn "t pn tomx^^x ?yo rmi 
pia b^ip dxii ,noi» ay>-tynx^nya w: nttio 
"iya a^ tyaxn »t ja^nayayanya^x yaaany 
px .anya txnnn typ axii ,tya^i^a ayn \v-\tf 
ryaaiaaRn yaaya vwi px T? tyaxr »m 



276 



BSJipiX KH 



68 



p« irhd iv maa ~\nyv y 1 ?®, pr tynR ~iyi 
•"T pa tiMJiJBwn r.h pr ,iy tDimtD "inyo r^s 
~iya ny ."lyayn p5r [yn.Hs Tjnyifcaera y; 
irii n« ,*uk5 t'Tsa'K inys p>r ^t B"na*j> 
■lysj tir iyiyvi mm ,TT D^natmya ly -11: 
-\x nytyanR vwi v s rh tyenw B"iee> 
-3^ pr jy^.TByj yjnyifi?'- ,iy33iay-ittt? y^;n 

.tpwmw ya^p 
tiM mw ^payp |r tany: dpwii pn 

.OJttHjnfiTlBIM X. K'11 MTS ^"ttJfTEPNWW 
"IRE D«W3ifD RH tIB 33S3 1JH SMI ""IttS 

pyn dpirvi lyryn tr ,iyaRrr tdr£ .DBiyn 
pyn iy tyjHii pa ,iinyn p^yotmaR p>3 
ynyniR y^s nya\N fjrjp»vfinjruiM*S' Tt 
->i: iwn ,t»«upiipi lis ivvn pr fy^Rtn&iiP 

.nynspyfma yts^TR vt lyraya ay 



"1X2 n,y lyptny nix Das»ya o«n i-si-- 
"D231P1V,, RH "3 DR~ 112 tyayaivDTiR ;n~." 
*hr "in jyaxn DjMPtMjna yanya^R kh n« 
r pny^pwa jyaxn "? ;tysny33R ojn 
.nasa -ir^ri i3ypiD ay* Iia 5>"TO jyr---; 
tyo^nyafi^K "tjaaipix,, R 1 " PTyii tm a--; 
«n PR .Dyt^taaxn-a R 1 ^ pa pyo:: D^Rrm 
~isa„ t'-ms TiR jyo ptp^r Dysypayna 
-lya pr bi-pr wnai^nya jyo PR "Donjm 

.Diytw yjynyn? 

--iyp:iR pr 138?dii pa "i3ia„ nxn 
nyn *pir tawBixha R 1 * pa tynsiiya ovj:" 
»t drii D^pa^myaaR RH .taiR typD3nye> 
.i3ytysnnya^ pr ,i3nymy»*nn r~ ryann 
wn yvptr ny^T pr &: tin lyaRipay "T 
ixnjp ,W2V yny ,"pirs ypw^xwo 
.p\s.iyD lyivDjnMsns 






-msjyyjDPR jyaijsn jytDD^DDya sh drti 
ynyiie> yanriiR 1 ftps wn m ,3H3yp3jn ,i,ya 
- ^Dnoix jyixnya jyiK^ya pr n^anx 
x va ijni. djh. jyiDRittyjaR ta»n Dy>x dri 
.IJfmmv pr 33i3asn. jib ^Taya 
"«n finR Rm jyopRiiya. t\s "inHfi irih 
-d>d pa ?nxv rh pr *vup ytsxy^ drt .jy»i 
ynoy ,Djy\Rna 50 n^w ryayoi^ya nyny 1 ^ 
-c^Ri^sD 20,669 \y:"t 1903 nyaoyvyi 
Rn .ny-iy^^p^D yi:yny®&w tyiiya jytp 
-DM.R t»n jypRRD^ yonn^RiiR rh p£>" frnpr 
^R3R^*R3i ^iiRV yo^na R .33 fa lyopRViya 
PR n3R>' I'njya^R dhr fynn Enn»w'3Knift 
Dyon.Ri^RD pa Di^yaoRiiy drt [yanyna 
oonaya |ynyn pr vo^p "iytsv'anR iyn pa 

RH PR 1R3RT ,OTDTRm:nt53y PR l"Tfl P^'D 

DRui i-jn-iis 1 kpjur nro Tjmna vriii ,*iytDiy 
.-ytaay^ya. p« nxac Pro P3yayaya "t fyn 
.ta«^eynb pa po^a nxn p^inyn ^Rnya^R 
-Hi rh ,nyp"iRp^ pnyii, tR^Rt^RaiR rh 

pnypt^ y^ra .pyn3^ii^iya 33wpri yiyn 

iR 1 VRT^3:R3niR RHi 1R11 ,tyPRiRP^ IRJ^t PR 

Dm wot ^riii^ tynya aa-R? t^a PK'iy w»» 
pvya.y"i3 ; ya {iniya t^r pnpDTRi\ya-jyDR^p 
T>t ty3- , ay3 ^^pa^p^rr^R pr niai^py p>» 
-ya-^y^ rh pa fymn ypt^ny rhi pr pyy> 
vtfv^ r ixn,myDRp ypnn^RaiR pr ypDiRii 




pR ^Ria lyp^ny oy 

-RjRV^Riyp:^ nyi 
aip dv nyp^aiR jy5 
nyjRpnyDR rh pyv: 
"iRa yts^PDHR^Rc 
■jrp r lyp^RnaR is p 

IpKW pR |3W3Jh1 

-HI3RP lyi^^^a w 
payinyiB n^a iypR- 
yin^R tn^wn iv p« P3jnnyna d"1\ 

.lyp^nayay^y^R 

-aRnpya w iya«n pyr, fyitwiJRp rh 

y^R pa |ya^R h -lyaR^a ypDaiy y^yiai |yp 
,typRRP!B> ypa^^Riya rh pR lypDHR^RD 
"W iv pyuynya pn ly^yv, ,8am"R p-R Rni 

PRH ^PIRB y^ipDHR^'RD RH P n * >1P($P 

pa aa^yot^yDRP* ~yi vm py~^a>; v» 
pa pr ".on«B nyc^pRnpRpyn ^R'yrd ~;- 
iyt:»^PDHRt v VRD nyi pa 5" to lypcy-i; ayn 
pn>DRB oy^y^a pic prh ,^p-iRa nyp^a^R 
jyDRjya rh pa lyaaiaaRn xn jyay^xa^iR 
rh .maynya. nyraiR pa paaipiv ny- *p>ir 
-,ya prh ya^yii f .a .5 .d n-yi pR 33ip^rb^ 
PDi^nya nyi 33\56"i , «Tya yoma paRp.ix 
rh pr D^iBflJa T' BJfn nya^yn ,jya^ A : pe 
P« ^ys^iiv ijn ,iypD^R^*^D pa fy.Tn 
,aai3jniya nyn pa ypaypp Daaia^^Rnyc rh 



'^ ' '-VJ- • ' --'-V 



xh ike ya^\i yovna x pn tayv ,.a ,n px 

.iyax:y; 
-ayay^yaax yvoav, jnjnjn kh i-y^vvs 
---yaEvx xh lyrwii' jy>yv ya^yn ;yo i, ~ 
-y- p'T Dyn ^ytrayvasp nyn pa d^poxt 
-jojtfjn xh ps [yaxjovw xn rx .ax^nxa 
■ya \v$w \v&2v\\2i& ^Kas^xxa ly* iv jjftD 
■ :x: Vi oxdl";x ,"tnxs "iyi pa lyiyv opy~ 
-">• ; iy^xxoL" lyix d"ijhxs> kh pK »i jy5 
px jyvia xh iy;yv, |y^HJ«mya tyo nyv 
-•••yi xh ;y:yri ,Dnay*iyayi pa tya'Tecn 
lyraix px lyaanyiKS ^xn^va k,h pa fxv 
xh iv ajita^xn nytaix jyajm pa Di$a>t>itfa 

.aax'ov T>no 
>st "dixs n t« ,nynxa iyaxaya 5»ya 
z-n ,|i»iwjr5«jn *oi pa lyaxaovx xh jypyi 
-:-rayiD x tytoxxDC* ynyaxw xh |yay; ix 
x nyax vx ay .tsviwiyTjneGn ma p't re b^p 
ps jioytopynx rx pxi avx yama ycvu 
-;s jutfemtD xtx ^>xt jy» jyv .rtMW'riyE 
-inyD tap^ya *p>*vdxj |yc ttfwi f jy»nyj 
— y;;s ma -^-paxa ;yayp t» .iyttNay:?y- 
.UfMW 1-kb iyoaHxmsxp pa mm: pip jyo 
-x; Dayana^x raix iyryv »t naxarpiSDxp 
pa fy^yn «t in* ,tyD"v "T ^vi ,|yayj to 1 : 
oyv "mxa kh -iypy> a 1 : rjxn pn Tavx 
-y- ix ny^oL" x jyay^xavnx jyavxvxya pv 
sxxb:." "rjnjn axn »>" ,aya;yEepy ■xh ;yp 
-xna ~iyi ^xa bv5> p"?n pv jyfrwjrc r.ynp oyv, 
;ysxxo:r ynyaKiw h .juuajn nytyaj^xixa 
r DD*tf nyvw x jWKTfi iyno xt^x jy^yv 
|jni ^yp'DDvx taa^H ttxy 1 tyayp »t ya^>yv 
-yavx .|yiDwy>yi nyvjyv typ'^ |y^yv »t 
mkk y^y^vysD s?w pa ijv>d»t »h fK ayn 
-x: oyv jyn p« ^st yoa 1 ^ aij iiu x i.y;:i!? 
;y^yv, ya^yv, ,-iyiy^;D^ yvr^s i-yiy^nya 
y; kh iJfrfHfltfa is ynjXD^D 1 ^ pv to^; 
«n jyopy^p cj nyv jyo ]yv .yayitt^a 
ay ajm ,iy^v>,ixvax sh jib ytoio yi':x; 
-ins iyn pa ^"nyvcnya x tyaxvyixnya 
-8BUK kh ;yiyD^' toronyn px uxa d'^d 
-ynm nnxi nyv dd«5 xh .tD"sh» Daips 
-y^x jya^j ya^yv ,yvjy^ xhi ?ivx iy^xa 
wni r D*T.i^2 xh lyiyaynanya iv p^n tjpv 
-:x:nx pa ^v^xnavx n^B rtav: jy^v 
.DnxDxn^x px dixdx; 

*'x anaynyayn iy;yv yaxna xh 
•>--x,n iyt3X3x» 3 ywv$ xh .ny^toavi ?y^a 
-;y;3X vx .ix^nxa x xvi ,iynyry:iv ins 
tv^a Dy di« .onayiyajn nn lyn^iya tyja 
•vynvayn nynox ix Tiin i^xa ry^xmxnyvi w 



i^D'B xn pX: oz^aa ny^v tau lynyta^nya 

.«BnKfi nyi pa 
-y; iya^yny-i-nya yiy-jx px jyrrva 
pit? toxn jyp .any;:yn:x pip myta jy^a 
.nyi lyaiyv lyrtDipon w i^ax Diyny;a^,x 
-x: .mjy*j"iii y:y;v^x-y;ax \t\? jyvn dxt 
}yn ttfivs ^mxa nyi pa ;yapxv, nyi tD^n 
-xr^xnx jn-ywy ;x px D^pv-^yvtv,:; kh 
jyjjiaayTtje'JS yo-v^x-u^v px ,w* 
TxaL" iy~ ^j<;: ^v tDv>*n ^mxa x 1 " (yv. 
xh tyaxn f inn>j«n*ji .a 5 .0 ny- px jjid 
-;x ;vjy; fjniya pw |yvv ya^yv, ,iyD$jyj 
-y; x^v ,jjnnxaiy nyiyn^ pa ■d:v\v i ?Vi 
ozx'z ^ya *v lyay^viya^x vx ay ^^inya 
-yu x ,_ i ojMSBniya^ ,iy;x;iya y:>ywx iv 
yvnyDt^xa ix naynDyy; jyaxn «t .ryj 
nyax toxn yp^opxia x 1 " .ix^'xi^x-io^xyT 
nyi nxa bij d 1 : px oyva rx ^v^nya^x 
j^ayvya iyi pa ;^xany "yi rx px "etiks 
ayjyi^x:" px iy;y^ n^n-.yav "wtk p,x 

.";yo"j 
-yayanya ix |yaxn cyv ija^attiajsp kh 
epo "dua iyT pa i^iwddj^p x 1 - ;y~i 
-^xa nyi pa avwainnya x tyjyv jyDP::s 
^xr iy QiK ^yK)''^? jy^x^x^'x: jia toaxc 
-^x xn nyaya lyin^a vi rnya pv i^pnv, 
.e«arw d;x^'xvjx:"ix inh px a.-x^vx^ 
ay mx ^V)^ lytyn lya^my iv x-v 
aixxo^* h pa yvax:xmx ->v~ \y\aw m: ^i 
-a^,x dbvh xh pn ayv, ,ty:x^'xv:x;ix 
"vxa ^vx oxn ,yra .iy^jyv t :xp iy~ pa yax; 
-:yv x wi:^ ^xt ^dixe «ihi tx lyax^y; 
-avx xh lis i^;y;x j^nKTPfi^ y5«io 
xnai-tya px yanvi; pa ^ivpiya ay- px yax; 
ny xh px iX'vx^^x xh -pa "iiuxiyoH 
.jyaxn xh pa ::in^ 
h^x iyin^avx t3^ ^v ny^H ^D-^nyj 
;x vnov: t^x ay px ,*m>yx mx ya^yv, n:y: 
-anayD xh iyaxn |y^xi lyuaHx^xa xh 
nw ,?y»"T y?« unynovx px lyry? iv t5"p 
xh tx ,raayi to^o lytoavnya |yax:y; y^y^a 
ly^xr nynvHtoxBtt^a px tjnmJDKp V^ 
•ijy?3 , 'Da , v i x t^x oxv, TioxnyraH xtx jwnp 
■xp y^y^a .aittTHx^xD pa ynny? nyi ra^r 
ay tJTii ,to ,, H3y:y^ya x px ;yvv uniKiya 
yny^n nya^a jy-iHiy^xpyi iv avx »t owp 
d^o a;xpya b^j ^x: ,yvn ya^yv, r *ij»na 
tSDip ay ;DiwHx^xa pa yaxTx^na nyi 
,nmxnyt:H xtx tyD^nacnya iv avx «t 
-yi xh .yfmpw p« njyinianya t\s ya^yv 
tayv ya^yv p^nxa nyn pe ix^'xnjyDxr 
tynwxia ,nya>a y^ia yavy; nvx T.ya^x:x 



278 



QSJIplX KH 



70 



oyn yoRiasna'Oio^o ny- pa Diynast 
">d rh .ir^dipdh ya^oiya^s in lyanonnR 
-Djy^x rynnnya ya^yri .iyaanynsa'Dio 1 : 
lys'sms na m iniyo P'oprb na tya»na t? 
ensni ,nyopR*iRa ly^sps^ s tyasno yo^yu pr 
inyo mynyi »t .lyts^iR lyvasa ps jyo 
sta^tDo PR onyo^ pr lyionsiaiOR^ vv 

DjmjrD^K .DPWJtBIMS^B j£&tt'TOJ R IV 1011 

-m PR Htf$T i»t tr /inayo anayBP oy p;r 
-yaaR yonsa -lyoy^oyHRpiv r p'R ijhr iyv 

.ty^tnsa ytr i ODHso , 'BRp pa jynyu lyou 
-"m ins ,oyn yasna DMjwpntD rih 
nyi *pir ya*aa yoDyoony rh v\ ,%m 
-jjdr,, nyn iwiw b"iimp nyn .ts^jyna^p 
-^nynya iRpHyos,, Ti« "isw T*ja«5 irph 
-oay ayn Tin p.R bdpwi "n*a»5 ns ump 
dsii ,oa>Rtna"a myo^a pa Jrpastt r »nwMP 
nyaspHyos rh lyaayna t^a Dyoia l"P t>yii 

.lyo^sriK 
ya£yii„ :ya«na rh o."t r is aHayrs^ 
rh tyne ,"5rphsi -inyo pr ts'VRraRjns 
-iyi pa nana ny~ rs ,iyp:y-yj fyoDHs^vsD 
oyoHsnHSD rh„ pr aaiayiiya u^pvjjo 
;yno lyuDHs^vsD rh ."Ds£p-nyo"anR pa 
-j*n« ^mya jyiy^ \ym jyoy-iBDmR on«n 
pk tya^VRPasans nyo^aiR "liv lyay^iv 
in »n lyansn iniyo nsa ,ayHpnyrna r 
.megp nts px jynyn iv oay^yaa'HR tyon 
-na r *iWr tnytaaio nya^yii ,-iyo"anR nyn 
jptSw PiKi ,onan ya"T tywuv ayHpnyn 
-siborp iy~ .dds^p pn iv nossmya pr 
?»t aHayor *nsn nyo^anR y^s pa »n»iw 
: opnso yHrp pa nytnyn urn b*o 

r'T'N taawmys ijnay 1 ? *iy^8 *iyto"a*i8 l# 
iyn jom nnyi mm oyn is^ayiiasp rh 
Tt PR Di^ya irpK iy^Dyt3^ya oyn nm 
pn "tnufi ikh lyay^iv^nx lyjsrmy 
-jyin tyB"i»B> yjms .nsasP Jnt'j^n»"iD 
oann is 1 ^' t ri s ts ,iviyn i^T^nyajiN nn 
•s^sd r'T'o ;yt5"ii« N'H ty;ya tynypo iv is 
iyts>iv d^ ^sa \"p fins* tynsB ,iyoD^ 
■y^SD,, pa >jnn.sany s v t vpiyiyi .ivnyn 
...."Djy^^s isa 1 ^ n» Tnt> dd^ 
ynyt:iK p« jyniDiv jy^ia ^snwi vd 
iyn iv ytaayip ytDDya ynyrjix »p»i» .tyasiya 
twrnpyi D^ans my^t ^st pn isk'Wijsp 
Mix'nayn «h "ra ^sany i'ddx. »^o imyii 



.jyiiy: a^an &: nyan s~ tw osuqy .an 
-^•sa d^ jyasn ixny^ata^o rh is ,*jr'c oy 
»ajn drh .yay^iRa sh iy:xoe'-y=: -ycs- 
-y^no r nnyt i^'buj t^r anjyiyayn ps 
iyo ts ,iyi»«D^K DiTtrt hibi tyo ri« ,->'" 
T^ny=y:? pr tW'naD^o i:yjyp c--s ?si 

.lyasn 
y;snz p^R ts .jyas^ynRD ans^ l\s- rye 
anjyiyayi r iv jyiyii 03"5yn»a &i ?sr 
~ikd Dyn o^v yDMiya r t»a ^s- ;;c ■■•••; « 
-j"P lyiyii ;yjy^iR2 r s h nrs .lynyjiya-R 
lya^yny- pR ^i^opra tJji^yaiRa d»j ^sa 
-rj ayi lyaya wiD^twya srs oyr .-vshbl* 
_i dsp ^rjs'vsj nyn nyiR lyoynpyD ?rjs^v 
\yiy?Piy pr jy^ti^tjiya iv dord n— ayto 

.jr^irs ay~ 
"SD nyn D>a 33nnwni» iyi ^s: ~yaR 
rh jy^yn ^Disa nyD^aiR txhk"od^«^ 
.iv*iyn tyTs^yi ta^j i^j"»nnKii ijnupfcWB 
"B'ny :pn iv dj^^ ayno'iR nyooya it- 
ly^RPS^ pa ?nsv Rntynyoynnye iv ,Djyt: 
r tyjos^ya wwv iv dir .lyopntao — y*i;« 
ijw IiR a^Dan ,wjrd»vix ,pr ,an:yiyayi 
?yo nyn^R iy.isna rh i^tbipoh tyayp iv 

.dish nyyitvyris jr iv nya^R any; 
nya^R anyj ny nyn^R ,js£&nRa ly-y 
Ta»o»va r mi ayn^R: ,dirh ^snyj^^n :« iv 
jyD 30 no ,Dy jyajRpiya ?y?sps^ ^nsx yo 
.Doayon:yoK pr is'dipdh irs jya« pu 
oa^oyD^ya t"t jytio Dojyouyovv yr?yiR 
lyasT n^s^ ,iy^RPS^ ^nsv yon-y; n pa 
-DnR pr Dojyonayos ~iRa D"v rh iyn .-m 
-"irb nyn iyo $& ^ya^RiRa pr lyaonyoya 
PR tya^oayaynya Do;youyos rh pr xk&w 
?,yo nyn^R .js^dipoh "ire tyaya o«x ;yo so 

.dish nyi^oy^s is iv nyr-s uny; 
ya^yn jyos^ya rh iy^yn ibir sr*v, ->-n 
aiR^nsa lyDniya r o^d a^o'otj'j^R fyi^r 
yjy nyiR ynn O'o innaiv o>; fyj"? tn; 
-DnR Dyay jy^yn nyiR onsn R ~y~R ytsna 
lynrraivD'iR o^paHayo rh fyasn f fjnyDya 
-yii o^>v nyryiH pa fin^nya pR .^jirii ny"? 
jyn^oipDH ^i^nan; \y:yp fyosaya R'n iy? 
"Dn« lyjyp nrs oyn jyo pr jtsfarvm li/Ty 
iyn Rni ■yo^njiyD^nyao^o ya^yrs Lin^o 
"RJ pa rs^e nyi tyayn oo^r^ya drh tyo 
.oyD'osp ry^RiS'v 
-ya pr aisaos^a nyn pa isn^iiy" «n 





y^iuate^eyt j^/*AV^L 



2 so 



tasjipix kh 



(V'an) p^tTrnj; 1 ? nya prw 



.mt p )i« 



kh px ivpim axi ty?y^> w rHDipn kh 
jyaxn dsii .tya^KW ytatsny yay^ pa ixn"5 
-y5 nyn tanyaaxya .fytaHya pk taasoypya 
tjik jyaxn |ik hbokp jyan'mie D'p« iyn 
ypanaKW ataxia ytatny kh tanx-inya ixi 
...aa^nna tyauaa^a ay^n x lis iy5riK"itaB> 
.aaHnna "Wtaa^a k jyiiy: px dsi -k 1 
aatfstfs taxn taa^a a'jypK ayn jyn ,ta"s x 
--lytaaa^a pa lyta^p kh in pa fyDHyaaxiK 
a»B3yo jyannyaax taxn pk ^yoD"^ p« an 
-iytaay |"p .jyny^ is pK taa'5 is jyayita&y is 
"lyony p'p -jyiiya ta^a ^xa axn pk aannna 
-ya pk axn ...xtan tasy 1 n,xa px aa^nna 
-HnsHaypita a'pa aaiaKiia^K i'k "ixa jyn 
jik jjim wtaayn k ,tay?E ny.rpn \y: 
|yaHB>ay» ^ynanya k ^xa .jyay5 ^xa taenn 
px |jn"5 yaHtrayo ya«t y^x ta^o -jyay^ 

.fyrna 
ayn pa jyaKiny axn jynya pk jnys? 
taxn Dmo 1 yan'Kmo nynx -taapa aayrK 
1M nyiiB> tay^D tasy pk nix .taaxpya dki 
jynya px ay v'ppviv nmi -jy^ytans-ixa 
nyannyaiK nyn taanmynn* ,nsoxp iyn 
yny^ ,pf>KE ayny^ .npiw nyi pa fiaoxp 
y^xsy yansp kh taay^yanya^K taxn jx^xa 
kh jyayna pa -jyrwny fya^taa^a a'pa 
tanx nyn spiK in .jycx^ pK nytaya yta^K 
nyax ;jy?xyrK p« jyaainyntat? y^a ,y«a 
.T»5t*ejkj jyaaxayais axn px p^se jyny "a 
ya^sa x iy,iya px ts'stfsiiyn ya^taa^a xh 
-*bhsb ,ty&5"Dsaspy p« jx'si^xnyn x pa 
taxn p^sa x jjni .tyayf 1 jy^^sD p« jyt? 
kh taxnya pity ay tasn .jyyrs yn fyoipya 
■"maiya is »t axn ta^ra ]y^ta^ y^ynytasra 
■y" 1 ~yn -tyay^ p« lyi.Taisann p« fyan 
iDDKayais jyvya a^taia ^d k p« pi^ pk tya 
•lyaauyiD^ px yanaya y«a kh is 
-x: ijny^ "a nxa tan jyiiya ay t s x *nk 
ty^x'ansa .rya^i'tsKa x taDy? axii ,f^'v 
-yss- ,, x y^x >"3 |yv,ya ^nx t^x ptn ,jyay? 
,y&$>ta"n x ,_ i .na^an nyanx fyi^ ya^x 




pa ya"« t*K pyr 

yDoammpnyD sh 
-\y:v pa tyaxmya 
■"aaxm iik d"iibb>„ 
■ya iyn px yisnya 
y^on h pa ytaa^ 
rtfatpru jyanya ^^anyiiya taiyn dkii .jyn^K 
yiKnya-"aaKii pk Diitstj',, yrn ."yisnya 
y^^ain kh .nyanK on ^: ^^taaya^K pk 
jyp dkii -O"* k nya^K tas^K iyny?> jyi^K 
: fyoxa ny- jyasita taayn "inyo ta^a ^sa 
-?ya pk dki -"yiK^iya-aaKin pk aiitat^,, 
-iyi pK yDKay ytaaammpiyo kh tas"^ 
p^Ka y^n^K bkt taan ytarr^ya ny^H^K 
•ipa^K ^n jy^yn to tk pk itai^anpy 
yay 1 bki .lynyra^N i^o jy^yn ,Dia \yp 
nn^'' 70—60 d^o -yDKayn^^n kh -yaxay 
■anya w wwi tan v^taaya^K t^k .phis 
iyi pK ^yta^KP lyaHayD^taaa^yT ,-iyiyi 
n^K p» k iKa .ytaa^ya lyt^H^K nytaay^n 
ayi -taK^a ay^a k is nonpn po k ,aaiD"5 
pa ytanni'ya nyn pK taK^n lyoa-iKaiyiaiKii 
•IK'SKa ny^H'-K nyn 
my i'k i^d a^batii inyr t>k nmpn k 
tnytatrpya is nytsa"^ H^a t^k ay .^la tyoa 
■a'HK lysy'ta ^ya an^K p« iyp jyo ^la ayi 
•iyn jyii -lya-iy^ an^K pa inyra ^y>a ,jypip 
,yDKsy ynraiK p« -nrnpn pn nya^K tary^ 
tn< y^y^ -lya^K tasy tyay^ i^o y:a5yii 
pk .ly■I ,, ^ pk ,jyaaH^aKa p« th ptk 
,^n lytaaany iyi t^k jyaaiassn p« ,yas»yp 
-iys ytaypim nh fya^T t»d fya5>yn pK 
is ,tan fy^n n^ is -jy^n to is .jyasr 
— tan inytaciya n^o is ,r-yoBf.ny3 n^o 
-onia yiH px 5"ntaaK j'k jycny: [yno i'o 
|ynyt."ya yD^yii ,|yaai"i , aK£ ycnxtaa'n 
kh 'x pn jytTa T'o .tya'iK ynyaiK ik£ 
.^ia ay- pa jy-^yn kh ^k nyry^ 
jyDm is raix ra t>x lya^taam xtaayt 



inswny? -iya pns*> 



281 



}Vy^n ya^aya^x ya^myn kh.tb yya 

.bibp5k'ih$b pa 
b 1 ; tyaanst? lyoo^a ya^aayB yrim 
pa jyaKtyya B^a ryiyu p« 5ya^n pa as™ 
pa SBByna pyaaa^a ayi p« .a 1 : isa 
-jpm»5 ^d n jyaamyaain pis? pn KsqnnK 
pynna b">b T^aiyB p« B^rpna p» o«'p 
sn aanya pw jya$n jy-nx .jyB"s wn 
p« ^naaK j'k jyanya is a^pa^aya y^ia 
•^a tya^n »t .*iib5ip iyts»xya$viN nyn 
-ya^x kh a^a yaayi ya"?a ]»p axnya ton 
"t tyasn yaay-i ^a k nyas ,iyp5ya yvi 
yjmynns a^a T^aiya p« jyoyryn pit? 
is B^rpna kh aanya fya$n "t .jya^s 
nnyis jyaipya ^an is jyasn ,^t lytf'a 
ayn afomya^K *pt jyaynya is B^rpna 
■*k «h jdimmpvi kh ,px aaayna tyjjy 
-nyjx jyapnyaas asn raya^ya'a^x ypn 
,ynyoya kh pa jynyn is Dify^yj px aayp 
nya^BBnp iyi pa ty5»nD y-iyayi^ay: 

.aaxt^yrya 
pa yax^> xh jynyj nyax px ptx a^a 
ny»M .a»s iyay> px jy-rx y^Dn «h 
yapynn x jynya a>a px aaiaxiriy ya^aa^a 
iy^sxe px ty^a^xa "iy»T pa ya^xa 
px |yts»a^xa iy«t pa yjx^ xh .fyay^ 
-a>^ v^x ,annypnya ,rx ryay5 jy^x^xa 
•ya jy^n «» .|yi$uy:i ijrwypm r^x -nya 
-iya?yn -ry^aya jynairya x is yhnv jyn 
;tf«n |'pa my iyn px jyax-iaiya px 
\iy>)K xh o»o r |n»T ny jyp p/anx xh a^a 
Bayiit? px aay5 axil ay^x jyiyn ny jjrp 
-iy ,pnnn a^a ^t jyp ny nyax ,arrx anx 
jya'-ainx ayn p« 5»niD3K \"p fyonyj b>j jyp 

.?yay$ 
k t>n jy^jyo xtk pa "t:kbb>ix nyn 
t»K ynyaKitD xrs .ynyaNno ya»5njn»w 
•3'8 ny^H^K nyn pa jyaxmy d^i |yny.i 
iyn p« pms nn^^ 70— 60 o^o Yiwtfyu 
d^sdkt |yrn jyn^ kh .yi^nya-n^a^n 
nya nyi «>n : py^a "m \vwm jynyj 
t^k ,d^k ^t t3pm NUKiiy^ nyjyai^ot:* 
i3K^Dii p« jy^ie jytj^iis tyny: tx iyi 
iya3«aynya^K Dt^n n^a pk d$u ,ain» n r^i 
.lyotfaayttP n w "lye^ioay^y s pa 
"^py jyiiya t>x |yf»ie p« jy^s pa yax' 1 xn 
-ayn kh .taay$» nnyr r^mijiB p« ^^b^ 



-yj jya^n jyi^ yB»5jijy p« y^nnvjxna 
kh pa di^B3"« ]vqpv^i nyn lyBJix Bay? 
«b$tik ya^yn lyBjix ,jy-ijyB^oi« y^j 
Diyn^iya px nxa b^s n fyjiaya ^m Bt^n 
ya^yn ,|^^si^ny-i nyt^msjioe nyn ^i^j 
nay: ysaw dni tibkp Binypyanya^K Bijin 
kh .niatfB yu^Kyaijn^K kh pa m^a p» 
D'rn^Trny^ p« jyaijn jyi^x y^^ya^ms 
ya"^a ]"p niByoiK jyoipya b^ ^: b^s 
l^i nya^ .yBayi y^B^ija p« ya»5*iyan»a 
■ifiiyj y^ y^K^s^o p« ytj^B^^a iy«t pk 

.nyoya ^y>a jyi 

panmya^K p« 1789 pa i^^si^iiyi kh 
k Bxnyj B^n 1848 nn^^ pa p^stf $nyi kh 
.yaN? iy^t cj>ik Di^aa^s jy^BynB^n^n 
PK Basmy tyasn ya^yn ,jyyn^ y^j rh 
-]iny-iB&? p« jy^n^ay: y^j H-ninto y-iyu 
lynya jyrn .BiyBB^aya »» ryasn Dsn,iy: 
-BiK yiyDya y^j kh pa y^«a yBpynn k 
iy33Kay:]K jyasn «t ya^yn p« ,jyuyB^ 
-t^jyrD kh ,iyijyBcoiK ytn p« ,jyay5 is 
-^iy nis lyasn »t dkh jji^njxnya yiya^ 
-nny^~nypiB-"ns lysaxj oyn n«a ^sd jyB 
pa jyD^jy: is tyaMnyajs nfa p« |yay? jya 
-ya^'K «t p« |ynsn ,-iyp^ya ya^Banp kh 
nyi fiPK fyajuasn ynyanyB' ^$2 Bs:«^a 
ryay? pa fyaaianya yiyDya vvi .bbjipis 
pa aawssny kh ytsjtQ BDNoya fyasn 
-ya jya^n ya^yn .nyanijayn yv«TM ya^na 
Dnayi ^ya^ jyB^x ayi jyDnya p« jya^na 
ayi is ayn iy>na n Baxnya p« apa^ p« 
bsh dsii typasnya y^a pa asnatr jytrna 
ayi p« Basn stk b^o jyonyaa^nx vt 
yt3»TK yaasmy «n .^Bnxiip jyt5>H>K 
b^d Bayaiaaya B^a yi bsh raya^yBya^K 
lytrn^K pa jyay? ayi p» rn^a tyonsayn 
DB^n^nayama npa i^nya iyn p« .p^sa 
bpikd p« 5kbn5 -ya^n ,yaiya lyaanyp 
ayn jia ys^a^ iyn j« B^yatrya ^t «n bsh 
lyaijiByaiya'K B$n lis ayiasia jya^trayo 
jyt^a lyty^^yraay |'n pa neoNp ayn 
tya^T »t ,n^ya pyta ,, 'ii ps pyB^na k *i'ik 
.■n^ya^iic ypj^aww ]"? ;yiiya a>a jn^ 
dki .aa^nna jynayaip s pa js |ya$t asu 
■V2 lyasn atjii ,iyaaayp yann jynya tya"T 
■nx ya^Baya x *s nan^a pa ix^a s ••k jyaxr 



282 



asnpix xh 



tynxn apiynyi y^an xh ^pk sm .aan 
-^xtJHya x a^x iyrx oyi B^yatrya-ixa ^n 
.Dnysy^yn ya^pyip x b>x ,ty&5>ayB nyjyo 
.jj/iiyj Bia yiyi pip d\noxi px dxd \yw\) 
px aanyiayi ytyari xh bxp ,5rpaya axi 
ix axnya [yaxn Bax^yrya ytyan xh 
.aaiBasnya ^ypy typya px ,typx 
tDnoya *|ijn jyo Bxn tyjyiipDjn pa 
lyi b*b ixna iv bxp -lyo^^yn ayay 
iy:rx jyr iyn yb^yn bib ,"nariB„ nyjnijn 
ajnyp^yayn x .jyyiya taaB «t bxh jy^.ia 
.tyaxt iv aysy -^xt Bxn tx^B ya^By pa 
■^nnyaya fyiyp ajypya iyvx fyagn iviyi 
-k^xb xh tD'D nnx"p fyaxa jy^xr »t tyn 
5»nei "lyBayia nyn typya jya^n in -|yp 
jy^is px Jjnyp^yaya nytyBixB&y -lyn pa 
\y:yp laxB^aPK x pa b^v px .kb»5 px 
yam: aanyiayn "lytyBH nyn jyaxBax '»? 

•nm 
Banain lyryn px ^yco lyuoyn iyi 
axi -lypviaiaan ix tyTK xh jypya px 
y^^Dn "t fysypv lyBiHBBnya iv : bd"h 
x ,iy^3yb x B*a .Tittfip yt^an ,yaxnae> 
y^x xpi T^a tyny^ spw aayi bib jycyaya 
jnyrya aanyiayn ytyan xn Bxn -tytyaya 
pa jyapx xh px pxi x nxa riin»K ayi px 
tyayBax-iya x -BypiasnyaxiB ytr^ps xh 
jyo ya^yp bib £yt^D fyaiBPa x ^xi ny'ax 

.jyBXHBxa yt^ps xh jyp^Btr jyp 
lypya b^xbxi |ya\n -nxBcnv xtx px 
Bayiicya fyaxn »t .la&tfari px iyrx xh 
-ya B"T p"»x pa : my px ^bbh |yc»ipv 
; ayaax-iya Bin nynyiax iyi pa px bbbxh 
but ly-iynax -iyn pa ,Bpmya Bin p^x fia 
ynj x nyapx bbjipix ynj xh .BpiBt^y: 
nun xh pyBiv B^xoy; Bxn Bsxtsnyn 
Bxn jyn .nnta y^ bib ppyo^yj Bxn ay 
f'yia Bxn aiiiy^jn y^ian xh tx -Biiacrya 
Pity jyoim dxi px ,jyiix jyjyii Biy^pyj 
Biy^p nai^o kh tx : ypiBpxns onx fyn^x 
-onnx b>j d'bi; pip pi^ tayii ,«t iy:yn 
amyBiv yj^x px jynya pk jyo -lyoip 

] .^xb tyaHjynxB f'nxa pyiw px 
Bpjyiy; ly^^v yrn tia nyaint^ nyn 
p^t Bn!^ .yjx 1 ? -iyjyi pa :jnin^yn xtx 
tp ynnix ps Biyn^iti'yj anix Bxn nyBic 
lyB^xny: jynxn pyB^y yirvK .fyin^nyi 



jyoytyn jyaxn in axn riyay^iine px yB 
-KB px y^:yp y^i^is ,_ ; pa B"x y;:x^ x 
px .jyi^iya iv jyajxayajx in jyaxn \y®im 

-y; in px axn JjirBsyryn nyrxr'x-y- 
px— fypis px tyiiya ^p-iyc px Bin^iy lyn 
\yw\py2 iv |yni-,nya]^ in tynxn ,?y-i:xn 
•na yBBnxnya xh .iyB:y~npJXp yp-iXBtr 
ytyDn xi- Bvyi xm ptx ,d'Xhb yr'n- 
pa Di^a^ix nyi lyBJix rtyaxn ,d*vhb 
,ynx^'nn ny^ixyaxnnx nynayDpxp nyi 
xh P'ib' pk jxn .inaB iv jyBijyj p^x ^n 
dxii ,BjyBy5>y i'x pa jjnyp^yaya y^iix 
ty^i^na nyi T>a pbpj jynya nynns t\s 
,BaPi*nynix ,px inoB iya^yn iia ^y-x 
x jyiiyj px j:iPB3yK'ya ya^iysiyp yny^ 
-Bjynpjxp nyrjppyi^ x lyixny; -nain 
pa Brmy: px Boxnya Bxn jyo lyrtfyn 
jyiix aiv axn nyn -iyiyn iv tibb an^x 
dxp -ixanyi lypixBc ^jxj iynxny; t^x 
xm ptx \y}Yi!) bij pvj' iypn jy-^x xh 
lynix -aypiyniai-HB pa p^xa x ,iynna 
:ibdi^ jyaxB B^ypy: ^n bxh jyo yrfyv 
jyrnapx Bjypya bxh \yv ya^yn ym px 
pa y^yia .Btfa bxp yBvy^ xh lyna a'pa 
■]x i'x tyBijya lyaxn imv ny^nix nyi 
-yly: jynxn niB^ip ly^^PB nyi px ?"na 
,iypx^xE yBay xpi ptx .my^y: px jyt 
-yiyayn nyi b^b Bax^Bixpyn eairya px 
-anx inyt Bxn axi .Bax^^ytya nysr^PB 
nyn^y^ y^x px iynix Bxn ay xm ,BDx~2y; 
.jyBa^xjxivxj yrnpa xh -btbxb 
.jyB^xnya bij jyB Bxn axn jyayia ayn 
px : aiayBix tyTPiyaapix anix axn iyB 
pa pxv nyi .yayia nyi px xpi jyay s 
nypnxBL" ^x: iynxnyj px fyBXHBxa yvi 
xh aHjy^rpa -iyi-x y s y'a cxv, .-xa-y- 
px ^yrx jy^'piia ayi pa ariaainya yaya 
^n iyaxn ,yaya^5yp3*K nyB'^pa -yi pa 
•iv Baxny; p,x nax^an iv jxnay: apa x 
"iya x aanynyi ny^ian iyi pa lyoipyn 
.yax^ nynT pa aanyaya 
f'^xa axn y^y}} .ii^viyi ys^on xh 
pjyapix ,1831 inxi pa ^ryBXip jy^nna 
lynipya iy^pa b^b jyaxpy px \y^^,B pa? 
iv axaiv x a^x aanyp^yaya y^nix xh 
iv axn Baixpya bij nxa axn ,^L•"- , "im 
-yp^yaya yt^sn xh .jyiix xh b^b jx^b 



in$TJ*ify9 "iyn pnxi 



283 



nys,, lyj'M ,ry:y"i:i pa D^ynRj BjriRiiy:i 

'PR RH BD"3 DJP'J D'flfi Ty-it<V.yj "DBRa 

pa Bpjis^yt^o d'pa dhi-iid ytj^TR yiyj 
-ynRa fx ay ya?yn ,"tjr'!?dhhp pR Rbh 
^r: p/PH yBBR tyaRs ,thdc ay^i* »i»dip 
pa lyjiyiBHiB^ip yBcny kh .ijr^dpr 
hib^ip yB&ny rh Km ,jypR yis»DVi r^- 
r,yny:i IW"T RB1J P^rb iyB»Dn D'pa nyay-.u 
"lynya^n pr ny-iyayn nyn pa b>h yajp 
IV jyiiyj pr yDKia yB"TR nh .yaR^p 
\yvny: is din r]W^?Bnjn PR -uyapiPR 
.juiajmyn-rtfaBTi "iy~ PR ^hbjjr i'r 
pa ajiDKiny nyi p« pk oenrnyn** 
ri nyanyB^R wdh p« iyti»"pR -iyi 
pr nyaR B^panjjny rh .DyaHjny 5ir»a 
ypn ptr rpi ^ppi PR ois nyi pR "iny» 
■nil pa ,yftmp rh .btdrb bra 3:i3Niny 
-yj jyaRn b^h yejn^ajH y&»Dn xh \y: 
Djynyj TiR o^n ,jyyTR y"j ynyp BaByc 
pr y5»ynp yvi .dh^e ytPH'R nh ins 
ijr^b'H : jyon nh tb ;rbr-i"r lynyj 

-I^^w'O^H : f^PR RH T»fi ,THp:R1S flR 

-.yr jy^pi* ny^tmyBJiR iyn ."^HBoy jir 
•rs -yr'H^ fiR ny^on nyn pa a:iaRiny 
5«no r drii ,ayn pr Dnybtpya jMjto^yB 
tyDRPV 05<;n nyaH5yBPR nyt^DH -lyt pa 
■5JPK ty^ipya jyyTR y^wa y"J rh d»o 
-RyvR y^R^VRD ppi5"b pr y^tD^RB y^a 
y»j rh tt bra jyTR "a nayinyn ,jy5 
dhr ptfa Dysa nnyTiy:i B^yn-jypaRnya 
-nyi rh KPi ptr ,jyaRia yrma^jn 
yrxrw rh tyuya lyo^Rii . iy»*i»Byn yty^a 
nyBPR nytn .B^naya B«n jypR drp ,^rt 
t^r DayB&ny drp B'oiyn *pt B-iy^>p-iy ny*t? 
pa |y:NUL"ya ww»55ytM'K yti»Dri rh 
nyDanya jyiiya jw«t ya^yn .njn^'p jmwx'la 
-y? lyc^pRiE lya^TBR: mv ,iwdr3 nyi iv 
jypy:i t^r uyav y^n^R rh ijyinyii ,fya 
n^Kiiya ta^n tvanyaaR iyin^> nyiaypio pa 
lfB»mji yaRBP-'R xnrpR ts'o my iyi jib 
D?«nti ,oay^y: rbD«j orh pr .jyDyiyorR 
nyjyiPRPtj'iyB-jjR^ lytD^ypn^iya r pr 
ly^^DRD^RB r pr o^>no ,B^njy^Rnya 
D'pa b^Vi iv p~i]y^T .Dfiiipis ly^yppn 
■nyc t^^ypy: b^j «t jyaRn ,jyay^ jyaRB3"« 
-Risry pr ty^R'VRD ,jyB"B^RS Dyn jnyBE' 
PR yty^Syi V") rh pa jR^nyBPR fy^o 



inyjp^-R iy:y^a cy pniRii ,Piru"il r 
jyiRiiyj t^r aji^vi^a .DyBaR 1 ^ jypinb 
•y: r^R jypR jyippiv .5»y»iB r bhrbb' pn 
"in brh jyB .nyninya nyan'Riia r jyiRv, 
r Bay^ iRBRJiyau a^a tr .BDiRinyn 
•aR^L" r ,_ i .\vi'x jyayn ny»BRB ^ywnys 
jynya iyj 1 ^ ,[ypanB pnR.jyjy^a drii ,ayB 
WW 1 ?* BjRTya tyaRn »»t -BBRiyaapR ynfcn 
-y'nn'iv'DpR ^nyayn r pr iy'SRa rh tr 
R^ypjR 1 riya r: L"-ya„ -ly-'R y^R jy: 
aiv Byiaynyj yi «t lyaxn ..."iciy^aRi$B 
pk ^yp^R 1 lyrn drii ayi vrib ,iyp:y^* 
,^jyn lyByi^ayj r b^s "1y:y , tb fyiiya 
\yw: T'R pr ^yi^B bi; -iny: B^ya^y: brh 
•BRia^Ra "npHL",, rh B'n 
«lHiay pr ly'BRB D'pa b^rhpr iyi 
^nyaya r fyiiya t^r drt : jyiRiiya BjRpya 

"B^JP/r Dyi IRHBDPR jy^RT [yPIB yB"TR TR 

B^y^a jyo drii "ayipa,, rh ,BD^n dr- 

-RB y'BlCTB IRHBJR pR BRP f'tplR jyjRIB 

r b^v ~\y:y irb \yw: t^r drt .ayp^>v 

IP \yn brh ^rt nyaR ,niT; yp-i'RTi^ 

^o drii <br; BpjRiy: pr BvapyaaR »hb 

....BHBB'y; B'oiyr brh 

ynyBpRiRa -nyT vk r^nysiy yvi 

.B^v ly^y 1 tb 
# * * 

PR D^iyBDPa pa b^v nyrn pR br 
dwx PR pyiz' pa jppm wvi$:%py 
r ^n brh ,bbj.ipiv iyB;RpyapR iyi ixa 

PR RBH PB jyi^R RH P)PR tRHBy.1 DRJ 

iya5>yn -jypjRnya y": pa dribb> r r^v 
jyay^ ny^j nyn jyaRt^ Bjypyj irj brh Dy 
■brh y*iyB3i» y^HB yj^p b'd rbripr pr 
t>r jytD^n "liv pa ! fyjjiayiBL" p« tyap: 
pann jniya pa : dribl" lyrn jy;3R:y: 
-jy^VHR: pa p« w'? ]•<» ryiyv jy^^a^Ha 
hp pr p!hrp "Tin TRia pr nyasy' 1 pa 
n^nna^ Binnya brh dribc iyn .ijr^dh 
BiyB^ y^DHHp pr y^piBH yviy r ,_ i 
yyiyii |yayf> jyay^ drii ^R^BiyBL" p« 
"•pi tyyi'R y^j rh tyaRiBya jyaRn yvi 

PV PH BP1 T^R DRT .BPPa^B^ D1V ."iyB 

■■ynayn rh rb^siro yB'jny rh drp ,^r3 
p5»rb d'pb "ly-iny^papR pr nya^nc y^>R 

•yvyip ,TBRB^T ^PIR^' ,RP1RP pD 10*** 

tyaRn drp rypR rh nyop« -DyiR .r: 



284 



asnpix «n 



6 



i'jyn taxnya wiy 1 ? t'tai^a j'ts'o taxn ,"w 
ayn iyouy:j^ jyaxn d^3b>id xh .nia"B> 
ppix aanyayi nyt^Dn ~\vi pa tapaisiaxta^ 
t3>j jyaxn »t .nyna yt^Dpxixta-ix y"iy>n 
tasn aany^ay-i yB»on xh tx -tyaxtaEnys 
yu»vx axn lyTS^B'Dn is "ixa taayitac^ya 
-jyvs^B'Dn x d^>x »t tyamaya is px p^xb 
px taa^oya \vii$n »t ; ly^ia px a^sya ayi 
ytj»Dri «h tx -tayta^ivxxa "lytnyna^p iy^T 
"»th on un^a is taDany taa^o aanyayi 
ytj^on y ,i_ iD tb' »t jyaxo px taD^a |ytr 

.nya*i>a 
taax nyiytau nyi v? ta-iy^pny ta-'cnyn 
iytj»ns DBnynya tasn dsh ,*iboxp lyanayn 

RH jyB"11X njnj'P XH t3^D D"iyt3XB XH 

.nytaDynt$> px nynna ynyaa^x px yiyta^y 
•njtf yanaytatnya px you v^p^n xm b»j 
ynyn is ryrnya d^3b>» xh "in jyaxn nyn 
CD lynxns fyaxn yaSyn njnna ytywi 
-thbxp x^ii nxa ,}ytaHya px taytaaxotrya «? 
,jyanxiiya »? jyaxn nyna^p ymywuyz ,y: 
kh jy:y: tD': ; jyaxnnya px tamiDtyya 
xh ly^yj ,DniD' yiy^T pa y^yiiP y'nox 
,ojn^vyj «t tyasn ,D'SHa kh px aany^y-i 
.njrpia ynayo^naix yaya^x yny"T \ysy: ixa 
ny^tapxns lynya taax nw jya"t ya^yu 
«h ta^Taya lVBPa^taDa^x tyasn px »t pa 
aairayn nytP'Din nyi pa x>n "taaxtJHa"ns„ 
px oyp^ausa^B y&$"an rh pa *pix nrx 

.qishb ytj»^ia 
ta^s ny:tfyny-t is px jyo^n xtx px 
-si fyaxn jyn^x dsu wyvqn pD^pyit? 
tynya rx ,us^n px Bay^yaann d^xe 
lycta px lyta^-in fytaaxiDya is nyw nnyr 
jyn -iyay5 jya^nya'K px lyannyD^ix ayn 
pa nioKiyiD^ jWKjnajm kh iyry5 n^o 
pa lya^ip oyoD wn n>o jynyr rD»x '^yJy , 
e^ t^k njK^on p« nyasoyp-n^^n ion 
^yD^ax nyayn ^n tya^nisans vnyz jynya 
->nn « ta^o jyjjwDKB kh lyDSNntaya p« 
.aaiKn^K-^yn y-\yu 
■d»i« i'n iynya j«i pk t^ayo p>« is^a 
,^aB>iD "lyaiva^K nyn tynya t^k ny .ynriKa 
« pa jyt5^pa>nya x>n jyDyryn n^n d^ii 
rwn pn .-i$DKEn$By-i s pa pK nyaaoyp 
y^N lyoiayaann otjn p*?a nyay^ta p« nyto 
« tynya t^k bi^ii pn : jyny^ pa fyt^n 



kh tynya t»k »t «a -lyyi^x y^evrv^fi 
ya^nj^B nyi pa p« t^^a^yi pw m^ayi 
n\w x jnjji ,in i^a na^yr ^nt ya^am x 
-^sa p« ;y^x^sD ,iy^osaspy t?iv nia^^ 

■iyny^ \yv»D 
n^'au'D yB"T« sh tya^r oayana'K 
«h pa Di^aa^K lypixta^ nyi nytaaix ly^y: 
■"t yrtfyn ,d^^d^o nya^ntaDy p« nya^nyn 
jny"T nxa iy3^a>TD"ii d»j jynya t»i« jya 
niBKnyts^ ysaxa kh .na^on pa ->yma 
oyna taj^ayt^ya vt ^sn t)«v "iyay pa 
■K^s^a p« yt^^sTs^a ,yTya^yi o»o ptfa 
■Dn« iyn pa ya^yva^x ma .jyaxna y^^a 
n K'li ,raya^^yt:a'K ny^H^N ny{5»>iay^ 
■«^ taanmya^N p« Dyn n^o ,ya^n ,yaiya 
ktk is jya^nanx taaypyjj ^i lynxn . ?nd 
-Ntoyo «h fyaiKiipyiiN jy^r "t tn ,yaiD^ 
■munn yaypn^ kh ,BD»n dxt -pvb 
pa ys^ac nyi jk ^t ly^ytaL" p« ,a^ia^a 
tia jyaaiayv.ya y^^ssD ps y^ta^ss kh 
-a^s nyDairya nya^ToKa lyi .ts«x ny^r 
jyo lxn ,taasTyanytaaix »r tasn opa^o 
"layr^D nyn pa fya«niK «h jyair hi«"t 
iyp Dy dsii pM n^a jyiyDDa^ jwnny* 
yana^x kh ./py j'n dh^k is ^^pn^ii jyaxa 
DB'imya^K ,KB«inx ps a^'a^iD y^H'K 
is jynya jya^n ,TnBDy px na«^o"i px 
-tay ytn dijiii dxi inyta^nya is a^s^siip 
.jyaxtati'nyB jyasn nytaa^a y5w:y: y^ 1 ? 
ta^o lyoxns *isonp x lyi.Ta is taxca^ax 
\yw jyDayip yayDn^yataixa yanyans kh 
yi}yv-\yn px lyaany^ayn y^^xysxinx xh 
jib"tk xh ryn^n ,taanmya^x fyox^p 
yny^t \y^yi ni5a ?iboxp x tairpaya o^^a^o 
«itx njnna y^^DPxnxtanx y^ypan yaya^x 
px anSw fynya ^ptii jyo^n ytn xm 
p.x ya^DD^a y^^xya^mx xn dxii ,oyn 
"Unaynita «t jynxn tytaxBDyi ya^ta^yn 
,|yaay ayn px tap^ta^iya jyta^xnya fjnnip 
pa ,bb*i5 pa jyDnyaajj -xtatayna tya'Sip^ 
...I tyay^ jib px taan 
dxii ,pn »'a lynaixn \"p xt^x ^nxi ay 
jyoipya jyaxn ya^yn wfawa ywx xh 
-»a»nDDy px ytj'ia'H yiy^r pa nte&n -\y"i 
•^xa -nyaay ^xa ,ty^ya jya^r ^jnna yt^ 
•itfa&JTi nysaxa nyn .«-t ixa nya^taans-np 
■it^axtayo x TnJa tay^aa ryiiya pk eiaoxp 



insu-my 1 ? nya pns* 1 



285 



ny ya^yii p« nayav nyaaynnB pn pK ^sa 
tyasn ,|yay^> jyvaKa nyi aanynaya asn 
PK nsoKP ijtt*3"n 5ya aaspya arpK 

-iypay-PH3 yaaKD Km .Dnio 1 ya^aa^a 
.ayD yiyraiK p« nxa^i 

k lynya pk ,piiy5 frrin' ziyaxa pn 
jyiiya pk ny .jKnys ya^aan yaHTiipnyo 
a^v nyatynyn iv p« aaHia^n nyama k 
asn pk tP'Kyinyn jiw jyayn^ya iy asn 
-ya pk ny .^kibb> y^nna kh ma tojypya 
td jyaanp "3 pk tyTK »a aaynya jyii 
-jKnyn asn ny .nyapKiKa ty^ny i^dij pn 
,D>-pon D»p3'5i3"*ifi "lyrtfynyt a^a a^yn 
isa jya^t «t iyn -an^a^a pk anaana 
jy^aya yainy^ya iv .o»^ yannny lynya 
nsa ,apyaayi jyaay-ia ayn BKnya iy BKn 
I'k a^a tyt?aya k avy^ya ny asn ^sa nnyo 
asn iy .jyan yaia pk nyapKiKa ,jy^ny 
atfaa^K fyapna k 5yamiv k ihk axnya 
->aya *na kmi ,bkh nyrn pk ,jrm pn *pik 
\"i aanKionyn lyo'K ,iyaaH£> ya^r pK jya 
.aaiariK pk yay^ ama a^a fyasa anyaKa 

,nnB instant BKn lyaiyJ 1 lyannyaaK 
iv .a"v nyay 1 pk jynya pk anaa nyn Km 
pk jyayayaas an^K jya a$n ins* "in 
yananynyaaiK u/pnyaaniK asn ny -Yin 
-nya'K ny asn nn$> p»j pa .?.ya"p3*nys 
-KHana a'nyaKa pn pa bhbb y^K \y\y5y: 
■nan k jyantyyaaK iKaxT a«n pk pyna 
"a in lyaiDy^ asn *vian nyn .n^ap spin 
■»m DK11 jytpaye ,BB"n BKn -BHaipa .ami 
pa ynnyS nya^nya "iyi a^a aaKpyn jya 
p« ik^p jyiiya ny pk ins 1 inyv is .rtfap 
aaypya bkpi pk m»5n pk mna*a» na k 
•Y'an vaKa toyoD a^ayiiD^K 

lyoKD pn aaiy^ya an^K dkh T'an 
pa -^KJ tsvaK^ayaa^K DiTK dkh ly jik j^^k 
ypnKDK' k |K tynnK^'iy^a^p yooynna sn 
--iyn iv .a^K^aa kh pa ^Knati' iyi iv yay^f- 
tsany^ya ^>ik inst^iiy? dsh n>>v nya^yr 
Daypya Kn issn pk ^KnsL" y^^Dii kh 
•^kt yayts^yr k jynya v& dkt dkii ^^iana 
tnsTaniy? .B"X nyay pk tyn^K y^^aii »a 
ivny-i okh pk n^ono nyanna k jynya t»s 
OKH ny tk .pi3T jya^anyiiyaaiK i'k UKnya 
«a jyay^aya ^la nyn pk -Tin k -jyty^ya 



DonKr.ya nsa ,oayiaya a^a a^n bkh ,aK5a 
ya^K kh pa Knaa nyi Km ntK ,tD3"?ya pk 
iy .aa^naya ''K aait^vya ^k iy idkh rya^v 
yana^K kh Km ,anynya a^a ^n a^n 
pa pnp \yuy ayn pK lyaiKay-i-n^^n 
}y)iy: t^k lyam ansr ny^ .p^psKoyo 
,jyay^ pK a^y^vya pK jyay^ pa Dpnsna k 
asn ny .jyay^ jyt^my jy'ai^a ayi pK 
a'jyT'K nyi ,aa^a a'ayvK ayi tapynya 
-\y-\ iv pk wiv*? \iy:r]yv ,\-tyzyn k tv nKn 
IK a^a tk ,jyaKaciya ny a^n a^v ".y^^yr 
iy d^ii ,dki jyonyaivaK aK ^::vri p--N *n 
■ - W lyanyi pk ny pk .aanyiaya »j asn 
y:"] tb ly^ayn^Ka k ^k nyany-ia k |y^i 
nyn a^o aaynya tasn iy ya^y-n -nxnna 
■ya aKn ny .yayn lyaDya^n nyaayaiKV 
.aKna a>a pk dish a^a aaaoyp 
-ya asn bkh -iKnya yamnipnya ytn 
kh *hk a^aa^K jyny^nyaaiK i'k aKn 
.a^vpn pa imv yi:yp:y-i yt5"*PK yvaxa 
pK y^K"i yaayia kh a^y^a^ya aKn bkii 
P^Ka jy^H>K a'pa aaiaKiny nya^aa^a lyi 
lyti'H^K nyn \y2y:yi wkh bkii naK^an pk 
K,aaiKP^aK-a^yn yiywna k rayanyarK 
lyiiya pk — -ly^Kyn'K y": y-iym n»a iyn«a 
•1 n K r a m vy 5 nya pnv 1 'an 

* # -X- 

-\nv ayn pk tynKiiya tyi^aya pk ny 
iyB"PivaK*iB nyn "iKa inK" 1 k a^ ,1788 
^yanya^ - v^p nyi pk .iK^vi^Kiiyi 
ayn wiv 1 ? -y^aiynia nya^nsii r^ayDynp 
jya"T jynayac^iK kh -vy-jyi: [yB^a^naay 
PK a^ma^p vi pk an^K iv a^aaa^a jynya 
y^n^KynxnaK^BKiv nt ,nnyn ^ya nayav 
PK a^v pn pa nyayiania^ip px nya"»n^ 
ay-nyaPK -aya yiyraiK pk ^sa --aK 
Vi"-\ k pk jynsnya jyisaya pk -y Bsn 
a^a \y~-\nv yaan kh pk a»n pk y^xa 
-\y axn -ama jhkb 5iaaKp k fia aaiKiiya 
,~iyaKa ktk tyasn iv pna ayi aKnya n^a 
pk raxiy^a -aan^a r^ a^o t^k nya^yn 
-aya j'^ipk pk iy3y^ i'pipk jytaanaK ya^na 
.a^v nyay tb a^naya^yr k jyiipa |y» 
a^panayo h aKnya st^k asn rntjraniy? 
aaimvny ynyaya pk jny»nu k jyoipya iv 
.an^a^n pKnyaaoyppa^ryam payment 
jya-isvny asmy y^y^ -lyyi^K ya h pk 



280 



BSJIplX «n 



pn pn ma x jyin^ayjj^: pn iwyptsaw 

.tfw ^vi ~wi ."t *ipn v^ i/bjhkp 
iv ,ny"SDiN d^ d:x/b"xjd dnh nioSyvi 
kh ma nyn jyiN^ re |yoy:nya p^tn ~y 
pn ma oyi oaypy:i ma traan Dan |ik aril 
.Ijhddbp d.tn iyp r,myn„ ntn dsii Dowiya 
-apiy^ tyf^yj P* nb^s B3N»ya n5na &#n 
[yasii pK nya f'o»o pn« nyDNa D'jnst 
pn ytayiKP D'ma oyi .pnb pn pnh pk 
pn lay-inyii ,p« ,yDN^>3 pn jyasnpyaa'nN 
-dp^n jyouya dnh pn bn~in pn nycDn 
P^k ma nyi pn ,y&y*iNp kh iyay^L" 
»»o B$n pm nnre~i n mo lyaansspyaa^pN 
nyDNB oyn lyaN^ya an'N-no typytSG? pn 
«"»ii ,mre yvaNa Nn bnp pn D'tn^nniy^ 
-dpin wmp pn jyoiaya ogn Dy aaN5 
inNtamy^ pn ny-nNa .ytoyiNp sh lyayr^* 
■•itk mre yaa«5 x lynyj nyasa iyi 
rnya jynya ma pn ny tn ,pamp 
-«t ,aaia , eayc."y3 ya'OD«a dip pip re 
5"n ,:pj™ndmk otioyj iy tasn lyaiim is; 
pN -typiprnK vwpm ma -mo p*"B$n iy 
ny Ban -lyiNnya nyoyn pn ly jyii i^bn 
tyt^Nn tsjypyj ma tyay^ jyvaNa i'bpn pw 
maiNiya osn ly fjD5jm re ,^n n "laNn p« 

.bnp tya"5re 
nyay tb dpnb nyananyviya nyrn 
-pyiB> oyt spm tin ynytDpNiND pn mre 
■Ma sh jy^nre |y*pN pa najwre ijd*5 
jypiBNp y-tfni oyoyii inb ,arena y&»5 
-n .nyan tynya ma pn nya^p mnrei p« 
tD»n iyo d^ii nsa ,^u< rniy^piy dpnb nyr 
p« fc"Dn ww^y: \r\www5 lyaav ayi 
lyiiya jyny? jyv^j pn pk nyrn d$ii inb 
kh DnxiTiy B{?n p« B{jnDKe ny^^Dii k 
-jn iyB»Dn iyi pa p^b pn tb nyw 
•^yts^K y^n^x w»no$ij»3in kh .any 
pa to^r nyn nn« \ywi DjyDD^n r^s rm 
pa 1311; oyi ^i« aan^yn ny^on ivi 
oa«5p mix "lis pa„ ts ^"i^iiana^ nyi 
n^a Dnyttt? Dy n^« ."ynyjy^p kh d^n jyo 
^id oyn n^o nrrimiy^ b;st ,|ja»5pWD^n 
pa n^yn oyi — tn«D Dayj^yor« oyi pa 
k jytj'^is — "o»x yD"n KH» jKOJjn pn 
k p« "iyoiDa , DB' yaya^wa^Kn .yarnaKP 
pya nynyn jyo siikt ,*iy&^aai&^ tJTB3jr^ 
p« rjKio « t>k iy nn^-n ,-iyt2^BB^^ nis 



•yj DiTK TB PK D^T .D^BByiyj pM D.TK 

b^n -y jyii ,iyoyaB» i^x'j Doayn jytyn 
D^n pM ypiyTi yoDnnya yj'n jyayntj'ya 
nh pa yj'VDnx b^p pa jyaxo onoy; 
pnw JJNijynns' Di?n iy ofcn nyau 

•lyryr-yj 
jyp r^oyj^K p« yaknj^a D'ln^n^iy^ * 
■y5 pn : fy^'b 'm p« fyiyn o^^nnyjj^x 
■nj pn n^ia pk lyin^ay; pk ny r^n jya 
h p« i^iB p« vt jyo^NnapK pn ; fy>V^ 
-on pk pnis jy»ip pn -*; jyinij' yto^iy 
ps py"j x -ly^N ^n lyvyiya pv ps ,tjn> 
}fp -jyBy^ jyvjNj j'ans prj- ;":ycyip 

•BPL3 

■"ii ijyav yocny p« o«mjip pn pa 
p« ,jynjyt3B'DiN ^ , -; .^j^n nnyr t»o jyo 
.ya^ytN fynyj tyj"t ,Q2V?yi ljsh ny ya^yn 
fyjinyuyiya r:^r, fyBKtyyj jya^n d^i 
yuDyn nh onnyj n k >*n iy .jyny^ pn px 
-'« p« DiHictJ' f«t pK -nyiny^ p,x dho^o 
ph rtyDBNK'ayDm W"dw?is pn urn ,yrn 
-yj pM pa tDanapK ~\y- nytajix iyjjNjyj 
pn «m ntK .nyt: k >'a iya^n ps f-yey'i^a 
kh oyoa fynyj bapniyn^ pn y^^xa 
•as: D'j lyjiip D^n ^'BiytJty ps ycDa^n 
pNTjmy^ nyjjv iyi k^i pn dnii uwpyi 
PN "t "3 T» Bin^a |y?o Nm pM -BJiy^ 
pin pn aaiirca nh t^n Djyanyn** .pin 
-■•n ,-iynNB pn ^m ,yB>n»« pn n iyny; 
ynna . jyiiy; iy^>r nyoio \^t oanmya 
ptn o^ jyiiyj jjnma nh pn ^ni .D , n 
-ynp pa nyp^n yiyi^N pn xni ,^»Bwka 
•nNB pa an dni ryjNB^ya pk dnii ,y^yb 
■Divan yanjyjy-ia ,yoaNp 

Tll^ PN OT^DNB tDSH ^NT p'N 1N3 

n oaNoyj dnh dnii ^fyinN 1 yjjp D'rn«r 
"iv jy^^QNJNpy nyi p« ^nynjyiya yv]N; 
Dy npi ,DNny: pn pyto^y yi"i pa undc* 
-tD^yii nyi nnN d^bj^n lypiNDtr n ,dp>l'» 
jn jy^ya pn dni .jftit ny^t pa ^inp^jn 
pn b^ b^v nyjy^ va lyas nyanpnaaiN 
lyaNi^y: »sn dnp ,^nbw nyananypyaPN 

•lyDNB v>^ 
n B*n ayp pn tyinsaya v^W) pn iy 
.T^ya pn minD tann^sya dnh p« rr^ 5ya 
"»D«^3 n pn -iyf>Not:' n \V)w r^N ayn iyn 
NPi tapiyoyB o^ Dsn tKoima nyi .iya 



jn^wny^ njn pnv 



28' 



*iyt3Ji« «ni ,DJnyTny B»5k*i$o »nn ,t$5 p>? d»j ^jjh cy byii ,]jtti^B> eyn ny nnx 

."y^rN ,c,, j*,. iyc ,,c,, i£ iy- [is b^ks Eyi -s»bk> nh k^ii tnysDtfyjaiK mtx ,"tf»ii 'its 

-^yiw -yry" nyi ppim nanD^m* fym .lyaip 

p« jyast »5xr»S3 Tt ijnjtfpny' is din ;jyp rs hh «t tn wnya a$n ry^y? nyi 

-y" 1 nyn pnv ps y'EK-iJS'E tyiyo^ii nyn taxny: jynxn ,b«x "WW 1 pa tytajyrTyta 

.jn$r:rn -ysi" ]vw rr^N kh Dpmyj x*^ .n^y-i 

(.dj^se dit» .ajiVajn lye^on iyi nyBJix lyiiya t^a iyu 

•PTmn -7 ■"* ■xib' ,% im Tynya t^a 5$n pv "^fc?- »»t fya"t 




dtie arS-ms k 



rjnj t\s 7y-r7yn px - -uyBsn pk 7y"T7yii p 
rjjpa « Byowr Tytyj^nx «n jytynix p« 
-.pi« t«d B-iysy7B* p« td BJiyn p« ,Byxt2>y^ p« 

,d , >'q pa jyBKfiy p« -jy^nx fcoi nytDJis p« 
rC^na tya^osaHT « p« n^^ty -iyi -pa Bsyn-ixs 
•pip jyan^j ps ly^njc.Btr d^ik jyjistpya 

nyiY p« ;y::ssy: ytyyr p^B B-iyBK7S'D p« 
aynp ps jyBsi7 p« pip ;^m -pa N*m ^rr»B p« 
; r.yto an'Kmo tanyn - D«p^^a *pi jyBJiK ps 

B^ny: jyBi72 p« iypj«7n i«j cip nyr t>k 
D7ysty iS^i tm iyn p« >yBbny7 p^a iyBJiK bini 
vpB#B"Dyny7 y^B^n dki ysisn p^ 

::s*7p -ly-piiBy pa -tyDTiB nypiiay^ p« 

■.»MK3 v iT« bib'd p« jyx-iyn p^e p« Bpsmys 

•pnp p*»o <7y::y p^n tyBaiK bik-t fyrs 1 ? i* 

■Tiyvi « ns*E in^jns 7ycn nyi |yi ia#n csv, 

•my iyi t]^s -in\s q^d ,7yc^n p^o pk in\s d^b 

pi7 p^B p« -ir^ p^B -py-]: p^ r^s bisi 

•B«72:yT^-i -n 




*j- 



.•' .: .onypj^' 



^m^ 



tosjipix *oi 



10 



1902 |\x jystntQDj^ojn 'No -ipAri n-h p« 



-Dnx pyn jynya px pytaai^ tyt>"-rx ayn 
■w iib»5BBiw5yTya tyaaypyaanx pa pm 
,tyTx "D ,tytrayo ya^-iny y^>x px .|yDm 
j/Dmya x D^rrapyn jyaxn ,jyDDna »d 
nyj^K .did^j yiyn mx aanyaanaiya 
xh pa nyj^K ,yapniDnx ytaDy-ia kh pa 
,pxs pa D»mB>e «h jy^ms i^bx ytaDyia 
dsh jyo .fy:^-ipyj pDa jya^taan \"i taxn 
1"5a b.tx taxn t3iypy5> dxii ,tnymya ma 
taxn ny dsu ,tta"5>yapyux b*j dix fa^ix 
.raytanDya tra px tayiaixmya ptfa amx 
pima^x ijn jyiiya px |yDDp-ixBB> ax 
"ix iwtk xh typms QMnts a'tapypy^ pa 
aaip^staay pa typnypta b*b -lynxs pyta^a 
px -iya?yii ztfyn ayp taanaya "t jyaxn 
taiypy^> .jyrpn ypyn pa }y»ipyaDn"ix 
pyta^apx jyB»TK ayi »a tx ,r.ypuya taxn 
-Day inn ynnnytwyo pa frvaya ny- px 
-ya ayn pxb lyaiaya nopa taxn ny .t^ypm 
raxn ny .taxnxtay^xia jyrH^x jyoynjyt." 
-■'x xh px ."iaia„ pa ynny xh taytay-iya 
"fry t^e taanaya in |yasn lye^a-ix ycs»n 
nxa in taxn nya^yu ,|kq ayn nxa Dapiay-i 
.tnyaaxyaanx "t 
px Din^ayaiya^x jyo taxn I'tanypy?" 
nya^n xh in bbyi ptx ."pyoxa iytau„ 
pynna an^x dxh jyo .ymvD y^n^sa 
taxn jyn .ymvtD nynax ix px Dsyryaa^nx 
.dpxp ann< jyt^xn is taxnya xpio pyax 
-pxp xh tx -iynyryaonx i^ta^n taxn cy 
-ya tayna px yatyn ,ts , vxit3D ,, a , oix yru 
■o^d BiTx &'» jyaxn ,fypx^xa pa |yaxDB> 
,taytapxnny jyo taxn tanxtac px .tavrtaxs 
-pixpya tan mno dis an^x Dyn iyc tx 
-ia ayi ^xi ny tosn jyoy^x ^xa .jy^^ntD 
11a an^x toxn ny ; oyD^itaya ts^a iijoKanya 
"oiik ^ya^ nyas ^n dxh fyo .rDynaixmya 
in^x tayn aan^yriyiKV kh tx -lynytya 
tx rjyt^D'HK t3"»a ^yaya mn»K pa ^yssx 




.2 

-y^vipyTpy n W ^ w iyn ^ 
"ixa inyt rynya ?xn ixa t>x 
-aix pn cay^a ~iy .a^oan 
rBwaypjnB' ya^x px j»nn 
oay^a nya^yn ,iya'Sj"K \viv 
x d»d lyn^yo arrx is ^n 
•lynna jyo taay^a oBn^O'a 
n^a oay^s ny .jyznnyrrx 
Dxi .^xn nypixnr x fnx [yinsaDniK 
.jya^xnya u^a nyax an^x oxn 
oiypy^ nn^x dxh layax px tsyatj' 
■mnipiya ta s c .lynxynta pn t:ixnyaax 
Tiii tyonyaain *pi iy osn D^pa^a -ya 
-D^ix ^xo "iw nn^x px nxn px ^kh xh 
px tayiaixmya nn^x laxn ny .jyDXK'yj 

.DIB px px taxn 
-■'x tnytt&> jyay^aya n^yn nyn t^x j*nn 
-xaiyaia pa nyaiyp jyDyiaiKinyE ayi iya 
■"iya j»p oaxoya t^a i^ax axn iy .ixd 
-y t^x unta y^aya o»o .fjraptfBjK is tit 
L^yaanyaanx ^niT^s^sa px |ya:xaya 
.[yisnyiiB' ypax^a d^o lyDD^s^sa 5 pa 
jyn xm -tynyiyais ny dxh fyps"i'^~iyaiK 
D^a kh px nayn xh DT'o^iya arris nxn 
x d^o Dyoa ,yaTin x wo -lyta^p px 
t'anx onyataayya ny tax" ya"2 yiay^a^otj' 
■V'^ an^x Dxn tyo [yn na [ix .nyrnya 
dxh ,ny2^ynta ,, c ya^i jya^t lyn .oayia 
\"p px Dinypyaax in aaiDaxiya o»d iy 
.DiyBDayya D^a dish 
-yaain oanaxa xh t s x jya~xo ?inx 
ysaxa xh pya^x r^a x xm 'nx [yan^a 
nnioB' jypxnya t>x taixor px px ,mxDca> 
-ya t^x taiypy? v-\'n pa jyaxa nyi :rw»i 
•a^x iyiy^ .|ya^ xh inx iycy^x "a jyn 
ya^^aya x in px taaxita asn .nya^s 
ynaxao^D ytaDonsn xh w dxp ,nxn 
pa d^b> pyp .ttnno - ?jn^yn xh dthx^sx 



11 



tnyp5 trrn 



289 



,Bastya nu b^sp ny .5"n&niK BynKB ayn 
iss fypyn^BK ptfa B^pya Ban ny a«n 
.ByBynya |yay^> pp ny bJ>kp jkt ,j'5kp 
pv aaiBBKnya b^b nxy y?n nyas Ban ny 
yt5>nyDP»D kh ps pypv nyn .iyiypp;apn 
-y5> I'DBtPB ix bp jypya pk nyBrrn 
-nyB jypya aaK^ pw pk nyatyn ,1'onyp 
pk pypv tjpp .ByauKp Dypy^a p« astro 
oanya jy3$n *p : nynynaK paw k jypya 
.nya^ynB^o w«t b.tk "3 ly&rnKBivaPK 
-yj atfp pk ny tk ,onyaBayya BK.n tnypy^> 
jkb ?nxn jyo tk ,p*Btjnya w p^k din* ap 
-Kna ypn bipk Ban jyo jyp .jyoPB t/5kp 
b^o nu onyaaayya ny Ban ,B5$myTP jw 
.yr» ya^Baynya k 
.|WJ«n div B5"nt3"n*nya arpK Ban jyn 
■B"X ycr^Din kh n.»a ,•>«» iyn28 ayn 
jyo BK,n ,BBKa"a nya'PK »nx ,aapyayn 
pp pa t*k5b aiv BnrpayapypK I'BnypyS 
kh lyasn a^aaa-BBKa kpi ptk .aaiBanapi 
pa tyopyaopnK . b.tk nav pa apniro 
p^b pk ^'p^bb' nysy^o p« .yonvo 
-pb lyjjxjyj »t typn ,BBKa pa trpnyoa 
BnyasKyaBPK tt bkh bkp ,jko ayn jyo 
nynna yj'p pa ynny yayoanBiv kh nKB 
-ayya bp typya pk n»5xi kh .nye^anK 
Bsn ny .jyBipyaaK pk Bnypy^ jyp ,Ban 
-tb yappK ,ny&p»D kh tyasnoya Bns-: 

B^B .iyP3KT ByaKPKp ayn |1K BypPllK: 

-yj n^yn nyn pk B^ppnn nynKanynaiKii n 
Dy^K jyp .bpb j'bpk BnKpya p« jyaKB;r 
tyaaKayaapnK ny pk -jynapya ^bikb pk 

-IV T'K Dy •BKBKB'y J'BPK VTm PK r^KBC 

dh^k bkh pK nypBKi lyi d.T'K ix |y:jK:y; 

SplK ,iyJKT mi 5|PK BBKByj DKTP"iyB3PK 

-^k bkh iy tya^yp ,"nxnn k^„ B^nyj Byn 
,B"iyaBjyyj DiTk bkh Biypy^ .lyBKiBiyn 
ypKB arPK \vw>?\ B^ay: jytn ay^iv tk 
-iy bkh ny .ye"? yBna pK you kh 

PK PT1 pK Bn T.T BPBP3 "]]t D^l -Biy^P 

dh^k ^kt iy tk ,nypBK*i Byi jyByayj B5>*n 

.mvw fyt^ 
.p>3B>nKBKp k |ynya t^k p^n ny- 
-3iK ny pk .jyn^iya pbikb t^k oy^« jyii 
lynaianya bkh pk dppk iv jyoipynyB 
-"lyaan^K bkh iy .i:yn nnyBpn pipkbh^k 
Banyj B'Bnypy^ ^ipk .pikb^ nnyr lytpn 



k .n^n k K'nyijK b^ BJJK^nya ypy^s 

DSi ,ByBP^ B^n ypy^a pa yoKi;y^yB 
-nyB'^B k pK jynyp "BSB'D / yj„ ^kt B^ypy^ 
pK ,B"XDjynp pa vww kh ^kj Banyj 
Byn pa tyBuyjapiK oyvKna pn u$r, jyn 
kiib BBnyj ktk bkh iyo .BBnyr^ivv 
-B^B^yasPKiKB nyi typiBiya ^v BKnyj 

.?«noiiK jya 
PK Bin^ayj jyo bsh 33iamyBPK k^ 
nyo^K nn iy?rr»a nyapn .D»3D«nw nyay^o 
nyayB ktk p« .nyBBj^a nyi p« 'yzyi 
kh B^ystJ'yjstji nPK ^p bk" D"»jD"nyj 
kh ^kj -•'KB jyBis ayt .bb^o fiB ynyBKP 
I'mypv 1 ? \vn bkh rajuyayTB^s ye^on 
bkh jyB .BanymyB^^B j'^kb Basnaya 
.yByiKp yBBKonya k pk Bin^ayj b.tk 
"KB pa jypyj BBKpya pk ayp nysjsj nyi 
pK oypan b 1 ^ oyp^nsin pK ^s^ 
kh pk lyanspy: nn bsh osn .n:yr: xn 

bhkb^ yv^KJ KH Tt B^H PTK pK ,fy3PK 
I'Biypy^ ^ipk "bbk'b,, nyn tk ,BBiKinyn 

■iy;jKay;jK in B^n 
w: ayp^p |yo bsh Banya pa !?kt pK 
■y:yi ^kjdieikp ayn b^j ".^bk— lyrsf'yapnK 
-y^ tk ,BaynKPya ^ipk ^p bsh jya .^ki 
ypnya kh pa nyp'K jy^ny: bp S> % t Biyp 
nyoKB -BKnya «mo bsh jyo -lyBKPKiHK 
k jyajjin b^kp nyo^n pk nya^nny k oyn 
biikt .nyBan kh ?ipk b^bp^k i>vww 
BKTpnyDBPK bp I'Biypy^ ipk jyc bkh 
k np 1KB pyiKB iv Bayn pp simk t^ax^ya 
■ys jkb^bkp nyopiya k .nyan^nBiya 
-H^ntnya d^k li/n^piyj Bcb^ya t^k pkib 
kh bsh ikb^bkp nya^p^ioiK nyTH .ny: 
ny .bk^b k k^p ,BnyBK^By; b^v yvjKJ 
-bpk n.P ny »yp nya^B BKny; KniB bkh 
bkh nn»« .j'Bnypy^ n«a BnKP bp k ryn^n 
-bpk BBa^yT bh^k Byp jyB tk ,Banya np 
-HKaaya nKB tyn^n Byp ny jyp ,\y::"n 

.aap 
Dpna b^b jyB^Knya np bkh &nypy5 
ny ."esti'D,, i'bpk r^KBB' ly^ya^a pK hb\b 
ti>iK jyBK^ya bkh ny tk -jyayayaiv bsh 
-ny bp nyaK np Ban ny ; nKBKanyap ayn 
tk ,jyayayaiv ^pk bkh ny .an^tr Bny^p 
■IKn^B ayn jyBPB iv jypya t^k naia pp 
b>b B^n^vya ny bkh aanny^pny ypn nKB 



290 



BSJlplX N"H 



12 



I'anK y^tay^a kh tyB-ixnyanytaanx p« 
d^d -jsnoya aavis^ k ed^d |V?n nyi .t?kh 
jKntaya bkb'k dppk iy taKn nrvvn yn^ii x 
iv d.tk Dsy^yanytaj'nK px d^b kh ~ikb 

.nny iyi 
D-iyuKsya Diypy^ t* &sn bwid "ikb k 

"DMK PX pK |yaX , 'D5lKttaKP W^PXhtP pK 

! iyp:yij« cyrn yiny 



■«5 yDma pa pmons in tyfiiya v? taxn 
p« fix ,nDiis taDKBya -iyax taxn ~iy -ryi 
-d>i« njn'^i b^tyi pn Bgn ddk y^^i k 
-5yn pn .aaitaaKiya ,r?xBB> ,yrjvi Bpmya 
,tyt3inftp xh Ba^BBny Bxn aaiB^Kn yspn 

."V^XB « , 1 PX Dyp^ll'ljIJ^tD KH l^BK 

pnn iyi Bxn -i'yByB'&5> pypi^o ya^a^K 
n»? .yfoyB sh di-pk *hk iyB-isiiyaB^riN 
PK .tw t'sM« ditk "3 tyanaya nyax pk 
bkp i'b'b jsnaya ^yp^t^ k bkp Bnypy5 



(HS 




d^idd "wiyaya -iyn 



.sibdkp fysj^Dxaspy "iy»T p« lyu^ms pa 

k: yaw ^nsnaK ^^anyiiyaaix pyax 
pa -aan^ayn yc^D^ND'SKp k ikb t>5»tb 
-^xn yt^nwai.« kh dsii ^ye»o nyi jynya 
cyi tyay-n iv dik ,Bynayiiyaas oxn aan 
"iK-jnwiayT"K y-irvK pa p>HBD-?K*iyaya 
px jyaKB^ya px Syt^D iyrn .*iyB"a 
■ftm rmyp""ioo kh pa ya^ay «n tx ,Dyi 
h;x^> pK BayayiyaaPK iyiiya jya"T ya 
-jppya jyaxn .yyois-inyTyn iy"i px nrum 
■?^D d^n px ,jyayH p*a iv 'nyeya x fya 
ny^n jxb lyD^nya |xn »t jyo Bxn jyBKT 
■'hbd kh .jyanKaayp^ xh *pik B^aix 
lytrnyBH^ nyi lya^xa Bpoya iyaxn Dnyp 
T^tbw "t ?yo b^xh BDa^r jyn ^nyaya 
-DKnsnyaaiK nKa BBt?B'ya px BTBDyiK 
.nox'-nyaa^n nw^T p« »»p 

y^y^a tx .jyoipyaD^N ^t^k t^ Dy 
kh ^m ^ynypD nrinya jya^n D-iyp^n^D 
B^ynasiiyatDix 5>jjok d»o <m b^h aan^ayn 
-ya ^o oyrn t^k «iid iyn .iyDK-tf$D px 
jya^n nytD^mK-inKnayr^K kh tx ,fyii 
-iv p« naoKp oyn tyayaa^K ntioya n^Ka 
•iv anya^K t^k Dy .b^MiK nyn iv v: pn 
lyaan^yi yB"DD^Ko»BKp y^K tk ,|yaKr 




Ba^vyaas aj?n T'K |y 
"ik jyansB p"»o px 
tayn jyo tk ^yp^o 
■»x a^K^ jyjyp d^j 
- ^K"iyaya k fyn 
«h 5«n rp"n»D 
■^M Dyn aaiT'ayi 
ta^ id lyBnoa'nK |ki 
kh lyaya ^^tbk3 -ddko nyB'nyo^^D in^K 
,|yaKT iv B"mnim k ,- i ,y* axn ,ny^^anK 
t^k Dy Km ^kb ktk jyan ph BKnya w: 
.pKaaiK pk jyoipyaiKE 5hb« lytovy^ ynay 
-^Knyaya k jyaK^ayaDnK dkh lyon^n 
-as fya^n ya^yn ^yn^aiK k^ pa p»nt3D 
.tyanKaayr^K-DKKtar kh ^w tfyvvyi 
-••bkp nyi tyjiya r^K ooa^yr aanyayi kh 
-nK ybn^T^aWis kh jya^yn jyaya ,dd^?kd 
-nys iv dik ,iyt3^ntDyaD'i , iK tya^n nyts^a 
-anyiiya k t^k dk^ -yaK s iy»n pyaya 
-^yt^ya ny'a'taa^n -iyi p« aair^iy ya>!7 
taKKD^ nyTKi^nn ~iyi raaiaTis nya^oBK^ 
-na 1KB iyDya D'a -lyayaDD^aiK d^k ,t>k 
iya*n |yta^yr ^a p« -lyDD^Kta^BKp-BKii 
-yii jyp»ntDD iv tyaaiKiivya nyD^aiK y:"i 
ynyDya p» pi? jnyayn .jyiaiDB' yiyvn^p fya 
jyaanyniKB ya^anynya kh — aai^aKnya 



13 



p"-it3D 7s-iyr;; -ijn 



291 



-^nyjyj ayi "3 D'nDtMyDKTlx px um 

HK-rnKaayp-K y^HKaaiK kh pa p"*ibd 
-ansytya f^n rasn raayTya tk pK lyra^a 
jyoyiyorN kh p* lynya pk yafyri ,b«p 
kh p^yji aaivayi ^DD'Jwi'fiw rh pa 
.ny»"3i« kh pa jyDyiytaj'K 
tk .jyayais jyayiipoyn pa no jyo *iu 
p» jyn^n p^nraD-^Kiyaya pa lyajynaK kh 
kh tk -iiy^Piy m iyn ,oayi fyamoya^K 
jya^syrya k b»d in jysiaya -lytamriK 
.p«ipo ^"iyjy; k is *y;:3Ka m jyn ,oajn 
!3$t Dy jyn tk -v^ayratjnyaraDa^yi pk ay 
■»ann jyDKD ryanisDmiK p»t ^5ayo isa 
HKaK nh Km ,p»HDD - ?Kiyjya k tik nyp 
-hk^bkp kh iyp ,isa tt fy^yfatJ* 'yean 
•y: k tik jyaams a><o m aamyn ytJ^taD 
d^o b«3"ik iyi ix p»a iv :yn pyrppsy? 
•ya jyp pya^yn ,?"-no ayi pa yrariKaaPK 
.yyoiN iyi p« jyayn pyn rap^ 
nyny*- is tjyp aamay-i kh ^HTDKa 
an jyii ^yto^D-tD^Kiiya tyamiaya ra»s 
Kn ttfyrjty |Ki pya»^ ;jpb"j *va Dy raten 
-ansytya y:y;^« y-irr-K lyay: dtik vt 
jkp ,ppy-iyratrynn kh *pt pk \vn -ra^p 
.ayHpHyaTa k d^ik r»t pan 
yt^raDHKD'BKP kh Km ,D?«ujnyi 
pa 5kb p« {y^pKn w: \y^ tyaaivayi 
PK tk ,Dy pk pyan p^a .p^HraD^Kiyaya k 
k D^pa^vyrya kh ttfyaip yaKpa iyrn 
-••sdpk jyaayia $p ^yn v* .yS>n yam: 
■jKia pyaDiKiiya pyp ya^yn ,ynyi k pa y: 
■ftni -fs^in vbd'hk bd^k^kd pyamns 
jyoKJ k DKBts*- ms |ya»n nyjayj yam jya 
lyo^Kny: ra$n ," t 3Kpyayrp , '.HraD„ fyayjy; 
ayn tik p^Hfafcr^Kpyaya pa tyraoaia is 
-hk^'sd pytrmisajna iyi pa DjnaaKp 

: 1899 pK "taPXB nyB»f3D 

"V31K kh a»w i (pyara) tyKit^D,, 
,P^it2p _ 5Knyjya k n^a riDiya iyjm iyn 
pn tD"»3 "T ty^st dhkii -TJiK jyo pjyia 
■^ijrtijn y^K^Kjs kh nxa ^kb:^k roiys 
jij^^siiyn k» : jyiy^pny ynynjK ? ik^' 
; ly^nyaya n>3 p« jyin^Kn^ p>j jyo jyp 
m"k pa jy^m ayn pa as b»j paayn Kn 
pa BKB^tyi nyi t^k Kn ; fyasnys y^w 
nyn pa tspjia lyuvy'? iyi ,\m}V&wa\n 
■"oya5>K ay-i tk .is a 1 ; tk ."{K^i^Kiiy 



pa ^Ka pk ^3{j"'3 jyiH |ya?Ka iy?yr, 
.p^niDD^Kiyjyj k 

kh pK "UN^jy Km ,iy-t:y5 ya'pyrK pK 
}yT>tDanpy ay ikh -jyoKKD^ yoa^^Kiya 
-id"1B ayn ^kj iyyc,K yjnjyoB' d^j -^: 
T'^ia PK lyan jyo tayii ,iyoai^ iyj' 
n?K isj jyjm ya^yn .nyp^aiK kh ooayn 
yt::K:y;-KT ytn pk fyn'nBnya is -n on 
iyi pK t\s ya^yn -"ymKiir^KJK'SKa,, 
Kn (ypmnypjiK is dtpjkjik p^pa^pim 
o^yi nym iKa iyas^yp m jyn -nyp^aiK 
^ko p^K d^ tt dkh a^i k 1 ^ rCna p« 
pK dp»hbd yp»na "a oa^syjD^.iK pw 
■ij;ddid ayi /'p^aiayi -y:-y-iSs;;„ nyrjiK 
PK .tycTTna y^^D^KD^Kp pa -:k> 
ay p^n njK^ iypL":yaynKS^- "iyr:iK 
pa ijny^ao'D tk ,|ya^oya tik pi^ 
-id iyi pa "lyiy^at^E d^k [yaKn a:^-;- 1 
d'o Dp^ntao typn'TiypjiK is iya?Knya t 4 ^ 

"$3 p,K ~y s , ,; "2 

-ya'jy 1 kh ;y^ya payoiaiK ik t'k a^n 
tD3"!33 iyo"3iK iyi tk ,jyt9B»inya yz-y-i 
ny jyn ^^pr^syry: pa lynsa ay- ---n 
jyn •P , nca-f , Kny:y: k pk 5"no3K o*:-y: 
b^k \yiyn iyp«n»D k taa^n aany-ayi kh 
-KiyoKP yam pk raaa^yT ^n jy:y; pkt^d 
,jiok .ta^pa^xytya tik t^i a^i pk ,\yi 
"ik Kn tk ,ypKra ay DD"fi lysKS I'a^K 
jytn - - typ^iraD is toayi jya^n nypma 
k ^K'a }'y3iKiriy lypmriK kh iya»>'n raayi 
nyaK -- DDiKiiya Km ,na*2Kp fyanny^aaK'j 
y-j ,, a>DHKr3 i 3Kp kh tk -m tanyDB'iya ry 
•ya irT'H jynn^aain lynna tayn aaiTayn 
">^o dis Diyp"it)D fyan is o^pa^sy? 
"Ki^KD a^K jyaams iki m pk raaayn-iyta 

.jyaypa is -yra 
hk y^x d>] -piyaeay jyo rayn ,*iyaK 
pa y^a pk nnyiriaK'? pk tya^T lyta^a 
Dis jyan ay» aawayi kh dkii .yr^yrK 
is jyaNTuay m jyayp -taaayHHya'-^D 
ynyiic* kh tik anayraaK ca^a -jya^sa 
"iyi \yi'~\p "iyan |y>yn "t ya^yn ^siD'i" 
dk"i .lyBnyn y^^raaHKD^Kp kh pa -x2 
yat3yrN pa 5nss kh 5>nsii3s j»»an t»K 
pn yara ^a ^y no piyp^iraa yanmnyaaK 
ayi ra^a ^5>h u~\y-i:y dkh "iya« ; p^p 
■ya \y:"i T,yTa^paHsyTv; iitis *k .Lvxa 



292 



tas:ipi2t kh 



14 



-tfsiiyn rh -iR'vtfRuyi yiaymp sh tr 
,DRnRtDy^Ris nyn ty'naya tsyii drii ,jr^ 
■jn yts^R kh co pyn jyaaRayaaR ca iyp 
iv D'oiyn ts^a p^o tr .^yo^D yiyaR^v^Rii 
iv nynyj TR .fyiRiyoRp yn fypeitfa 
pa p^iv in tyta^Rn ya^yu ^■'jy 1 rh 
,t.y^u jyaia jya^yu nayaTR jyaHtaiEtaay 
jyoip ts' j ^rt ny yoiRa r -irb drii "vimx 
-iyi iv tanya .(tytaayaDHR^BR) p^ biv 
,Dpayi nrpR B'ir ,5>yt3yvo't3B> r b"»d vm5v 

B»J "183 BRH TR .3»D3n PR t313 T'« DR1 TR 

-irii d^r jyjjR:y: phr pa TR .jyayatn 
,dr-iH3rp d^r jy;jRjy: tir pa TR ,-iyta 
yariR jRt3 nyn^m yn^yr drt 5yn tn pR 
■'B ,jynyviB> -oyp^B ta^o tanya .5ya"iiv 
iv i^r taRtatyaR — jyDp>a pR jyt3y^Rt3D 
p>o ' irb jyta^Rn oy TR 5yn ,jyTDR5a 
y-iy^R pR pr^b r tyonyanya iv taanaa 
pynR ta>a taonya -jyiRiyoRp ,-iyBR .jyrpn 
Tt ly-pana "t iyn ,-iyta^a-iR "a nmiD ayi 
yB5>yii , aai^iaRn r tb lya^a^RiyB iv 
ytanaiy jynsn "t nya^yyi p« ,«t -irb ddrb 
....l lya^a iv ynana 
tyaynaonR tayn js^vi^siiyi r an«„ 
PR tstnyiv ,iya"t3B> tyta^R ayn tir w«ji 
■:iR irii -taytap yiynjR p« lynBRa ,thrb 
nyi tayu ,tayt3"-i3tnya jya^T iyy-PR yiyr 
rh Tin -jyBRn dr^p "wtaDHRta^BRp 
rh Tin iir ^yD'o-D"iRBD3R*it3 ya^tavy^ 
tyinHHRo t33>n \vp \vn vtfyw ,yyD*iR 
-b'ir «n \ywznyi iv iyD3RtJ> 3i:y: 
-yiao^iK ly^yn "T r^u ,5yaB> nt« jyiaRta^ 
jyo trt p^ntso-^R-iyaya r "a nyaR .jya 
tayu ^iberp lyi .fyaRn rue ta^a nRBiyn 
tir j»»vm."5ji tayoa jyaaRaaR jri tt 
-^asD rh .-ur5 pa |yt3p3is yjyny^iya 
^y^ 'nk pn tsyii lyo^aiR pa ir^vrth 
oyn ynKwnw rh p« ,jyt3Rn^RD pa R'li 
.^Riya^R inRByj d^hj pR pn bhrt 
yiynjR jr 13rh p'noD^nnww ^y^» 
•yi yiyuR lyn^R n^yn yiRats^nts^yajiR 
rh y^v: &2 "\y .^yo'o ynyjR'vi^Rii 
.unRnip inyo pR jyiiDiv nnyo nyo^aiK 
nyan^jyo nyn b'b jy:yayi tt no jya 

t^3yO R tt'J T>T t3B-|R11 ^RO p'P .13"PBR11^ 

.liRD^anR jr pr nun y&3"5 R tD^O pn« 

-R^iya iv tt t33'HP ly iyn ,uira iyi pR 



Dn«"i8B tyo'DB'ya o»3 jyo iyp p^hidd ayj 

t3>3 ]yp ty» R^l '1TR ,JRt3 jyD'liyj R PR 

TR ; iR'Vi^Rny-i y^R'VRD rh tynyjR^B 

■31R T'R IR'VI^RIiyn y^R'VRD RH TR ,1V B^ 

lyrjiN pa j^jynsR w: y^nHyBHpHJ 
33R^ pw ^$p nn^R t3^Rn t3DjRT \yi -jy^ii 

RH W2 T'lR jyp'H TR ...t3BR»yj IH^R 

-3yt3tyDiR pa pr tR'vtfRiiy tia y^sroann 
.(DyujRp pa 5rt pr tyt3:yoDHR^BR) \m 
jy^n iyBH^:yo nyi tr ,n"»i?a tr nyaR 
n^Riiy njn pa bhko ayn jy^RHyDJiR jyp 
-ya rh drt ,jys?yn iv a't3Byo pr ir^v 
tr ....jyoip-iRB ty^Rt ly-uyD^oiR yts^j'ii 
■rh t3'H3ya:Rnya nyi p« tr ,ta"»a ^ya^nv 
,|y-uyt3^oiR yiyjR'vi^Riiy-i jyBRntsya ?ya 
■ya t3'3 tt jyaRn tyt3BHR'VRD ytfyv t3>o 
■«t »t ^"li ^Ranyi ^Raa^R tyvuya tsjyp 
-r-ib nyn .jynya DytD^nyansB tD"»a irj jy: 
-u r iv tBa^aya {yiiya dbr pr BRn«oy5 
-ya nyt3^ii tD»a t s r ny nyaR ,piborp ijnyo 
...DRnya tD'a '^yt3>o pH? orh ny ^ni ,jyaaRa 
^yt3^n rtr yiRia t^r p^ntsD-^Riyaya iyn 
■jn kh lyamvDnnR t3^pBHay» rh t3^a ny 
jy^oym ya^yn ^yaaiayiD^ yiyaR^vi^Rii 

....DR^pHyD^BIR pR 

pymsBB^« tsaypya jyo Bsn ^r»r» 
jyaniv rh .tR^vi^Rnyn r iv p^rb Byn 
jyasn »t ^ya^nv tyBnyaoniR ca jyBRn 
IR ,iynRpHRB iR jypaynaR ayi tspyiny 
tsaypya t3Rn \yn ya^yn ,jyDpn jr ,Dyp^3 
-B^1R |« pa t3"v pr iRiivya-iy \yv\p 

-tfR1iyi yt3^R RH ,t31Rll P'R tt»D HaRt3^ 

t33RT jyo jyii, nyBR na^n .^d^d ynyaR^v 
ny tsa^v in^ts^siiyn : lynpmnytsaiR niv 
rh tir taDK'yT lytDa^ntaiotsay JR &>o t^r 
-ya tan nRa jya^n ya^yn -tyiRH^ia yta^na 
,^"K taayna iy ; tyiRpHRB "irb jyaRt^ 

B1R ,BH>R IRB jyDpH DRH "H^R B'lR 

nyn pa niano rh |yaya lytayntsiVD^nR 
.(fytaayoDHR^BN) ynRityma 
•yv$p ynyTaiR iynt3RT \m to |yayp„ 
?IR'vi^Riiyn y^R^vRD rh jyBRo iv jynR-i 
-yi rh tyn ; pya Dy jy^n »t ,njnna ,n« 
,^t pa a^aaynaR tyiiya nRa ta^Rii jr^vi^rh 
tynya "t .DRa p« d^hr ^yw "t jyta^Rii 
jy^yn "i drt ,}yD"ii "t ^ ,,, ii ,Dn*iR t3>a 
,tynyt3^"iya "t ....tsi^a pr pyn jypantaiy-t 



15 



P"-ied l ?my:yj "»*n 



293 



yt^trpKB y?8pH8P o^o P"P0D-?8pyaya 
t.yt?nis lyoippxa pyaM fy^yii -fyaanyppsB 
■ike -yin pa jyas'spsia yjyny^nyB «n 
-rBinoiP ypyo'a p8 yD«n yD^ytN »o 
fyoiayaas O'a px^ b^sii jyo jyn wti ,jy»«p 
-5>8Pyaya pa jyoDaia is iK'Stfsryp x 

■P"pbd 
,dti8 iyoypo lyo^pa'TW y'nos kh 
jyv, .p"Poa-58py3y; x is ooip ay psj Km 
pa jyoayoiapx v^ ty:ypnyjx ly^xr p>o 
to iyn ,p"poa-5xpy:ya pa pyaaynax kh 
i|«na ~roan8 o^o [yosns jyayais iy^x* 
fyn ,T,ypayBB>oi8 yro; ,, n kh pyoai8 rx 
8T8 tynxp jyaawayn yt^OD^xo'esp kh 
-ya "yt P8 nayn nh p8 od8o yan^nya 
8 ,_ ; jyayiiya 1s 5yo»o pyoayoa^p p« pyoa 
px; ieoxp jypyas'stfsnyp x is pyo^apx 
jyax px"i oa^a -p^POD^xpayya ayp Tin 
8t8 jyn ,-,ypa83 pn oyii dsii : ya8pa kh 
ya^yn ?tya38eax t^ptii tt oyii p'noa 
aix ,jyaxp pyo^apx sh jy^yii 5yo^o 
is dik ,o"S ypyaay? x jyt^KmsD'nN 
sjyayaisasa lyDD^K^axp kh jyarmx 
tyanwo^iK fyaa^ya oyu ay tx ,pM ?$t 
yayny&snya px ^xo p*K wo dp^pod 
•^xp iyax jyo oyu mi — P38? pa tyopai.a 
,yyop8 -\yi pa yp808 i« fyo^no'iK TV^yp 3 
lyTPTaso ^yaty iyp aarvayi «h yapyn 
pjxoL"B' , ix iyp tx -^tx fypnoaysasp px 
px rw\ op^ny-i "'XT pyo^apx x'p pa 
pa yaio«p nytnus x*p 8pi ,oi?a jya^o 
,]yonyajx px:xt jy^xt to tyn px: ? 1871 
xrs o»n iyopxn jy^yn jyoa^xo^xp tx 
ypy^t fyanpaya o^a px nayn yoa^yaayo 
tt fy^yii onyp'noD k'p 338?st -iyyoix 
•^xo'bxp iyT pa tysyaypa 8H px ryo^xn 
~vp »»t jy^yv. pt8 mi ^"pa^syTya pya»BD 
IPX ,OD"n d»"i •u ,, 2-ix jpx jyo^Kno'iK iy: 

? ^yo^D^yny" 1 
tio ;yjxT-: ym tyayii a:ioa»poya x 
ps ''yjjxo d^x iyr ,c, ax pywn ny^x ~*x 

.rx^a 

p:sip -a 



p« jyony: iv ^^pojx dik ,»nn p'i jyr 
jyp'pnya w '>anyn oa^^a px ^boxp nyi 
H ^yn -ty^TBya jyoip^a py ?ipxp -jyayp pm 
is nn^s jya^no p« pmv DiTk jyo^xn ya 
xh lyor'XPD-'ix no iy .fin iv iya ,, ' , a- 1 y^ 
x .pypj^p yj'M pa ,»na pn pa ^y^'a 
D'lis o;:naw" o^pa^oTxi'0:xiya ypyna' 
-anx py- 1811 ,dx^ x"i px DT8 fy^'iix 
rjy^n jyoi; pn pxpo -ix T' oj:xe "ij8db> 
338? nrx tt o^xPt:' iy tx ,oax ay oay-.o 
o-'o iy oa^^a t^d^cs' dx~ .riy-t ^yi o^o 
.(jyo3yoDH85»B8 yoaxpay^i y^oxa pv 
-,xe pyax oxn p'noD-5»8pyjyj pyi„ 
•■v:x yvi ,n?yo yo»na yr ,- i nyaaoyp ay- 
pa ::ip:yv,;x xh t5>d^b' nx py ax" .;: ,_ 
-x s ax yam;! oayn lypxao^-ocya^ix ix 
y^w -ix^i^iiy^ 8 rx dx~ -(jyoayoDn 
« rvi« tD^pD^xyTVJ D,?D W T^ o:;xe 
-o:y pyo"ap8 ^yi jyn oyn jya^yry; 
*y~ -px^ivvixr^pL" pn iy:x"o ix tt o:xt 
■pyap^a i ,, ; pa jyo^J px ixi -,y op^xii 
pa iyoiP oyn o^pa^vyryajis xh .oayp 
x iyaipanpx oyn xn tyii -yrsi^nia iy- 
x jypmpyo3i8 oyn xn jyn .ww^yrrz 
■ix p8 iyay:y; p^8 oxp xn axn -oayi 
"XPax yoaxpayS "oayny: -.xa u:ypiy 

.(lyoayoDn 
— ,s nyoa3 , o3 , n p8 lyovy^ pyp ,xt?8 
-xo'3x iy:\pya px jya^p \vvi pa ojyou 
-vytyj xn px p^noa-^pyjy: 8 pxa p^o 
pa ^yo'o-paoxp jyD^na \vvi pa o^pa^ 
-y^xpa tyoDi8nya"?y^ ayn iypn ,, j8:P8 
*x -iypiyoya T8 ?yii kfitk a:8 ,oNn«o 
ix ,-, 1 z Toons fya^yn tix ,Dyna:ijp nyi 
pypzx: t^8 D811 .yiyT ytn jyoSxny: oxn 
v~\vs%-\2 ypypiirya x px pwm opippyjax 
"uyaas ro'orj^x osn -8P38a8»xia tb 
■^x-y:y; pa jyoDaia is j^^i^^Typ rh ivo 

.p^noa 
yj^oa^x^vxa ycnnv^s^a x't nyax 
p^a tya^aya p^: a^an^xa px ^onxa 
S X* ay jyn .p^noa-^xpyay: pa B'sans 
■B^ana jvv- pa aann^Bapi^ ~yi ^v fyoiP 
jyoma x "a jyo^xn *?& ay jyn r-y-:xryz 



29- 



BWipix s"h 



Itf 



BMID1X «n P« P^3 « 



ynaytnyn \"p pn b»j iy?yn Disn ;dsxb> 
dvii ixd eyi .|yDK^p yotinynya p*p px 
ya^>yn px BBKB^ytya yx3S*:i xrn tyaya 
-i^xani oj^n -iyo^niN Dyii vm ijny 
"is sh pw Dyii ,tyo"3iK jy^yn y^s 
isa ,y-i:xtr x ar^x jynyii DaxiDya d>j D"3 
jypip jyn Dyii lyta^mK-ca *pix -Diypnya 
x sins ^n "ixa#T px yiaxtr x *pi,x nmi 
-<DDnpy iv jyiynapx ty^yn ay .jyaynaiya 
lyex^ ya^yn -fyaaia'Day^ya ya:?yrx \yi 
px p^x iy l"o^d ^yD^ayiny f'x aya^x 
^yaaia^Daysyya ya^yix inx Km ;DBi5f> x 
.anayDax o»j fypjyn cyi jyanyTany ya^yn 
•ix^a x pn aya iy dxii 
-d'd ftna nnyr "myn oyv, y^itr xn 
"iy yroD^j d^d "taxn px ijsn Jiya^yn 
-iq nywp kh ty^yf 1 ipx iyo Dyii aairpx 
tyDeya ax tyo Dyii "aiyi px ,B"a*iK yspn 
-ya px fsnya yny axn ix -jya^ayaDnx 
iv tyait iyo Dyii D\wnya kh px ,vt] 
yi"? tyaya d^ Dyii ay kpi ptx -jy^pniDay 
ya^p px aaupDay^ya y^xeayiny ,yanyi2> 
lyry 1 i"n Dyii .yiayanyTaiy iyrs y'aix^D 
ax in D>rpa iy dxh is -osn iv jyonyj 
ayayii ,iyp\x ^yatya aiv .rnya lyoaya 
,W31X"t3k5 jynya pit? iypn pyD^ynx 
,j5ypaip ypixDL" ixa imyi Dxnya iy px 
■^ya jyD^aixya pt^mnyn d^d amy; ayv, 
-ayiDPx ysj"DxasiDDX jyaxo i* nyvx nyi 
ytj^aspDx-ip'D nyix jyt^JUK yr^ya ,jyaaia 
iyj'jy 1 ay~i : Dinypyaaix px .lyaaiainyDaix 
-vy^ sh n»a ^nya ty^n^a ^t Dyii nya^yn 
.jyoxm fyaviB' ix iy*!** -ty^i^Day^ya yo 
-DKiyas tynnsBDSP iv rijn^a ty^sa iv 
lyn^pma inyj iv lyjriis d^j ^stik fyo oyii 

nya^yr iyn tn ,^^yD nnyt nya^; t'fcs ay 
"iyB pM jjn3ifiB> ya^Dy Dyii nyD^yii ,^jy?o 
nynaxj Dyii ,yoK-n s tyasanya d^o jyou 
iyns ,«n fjn"3B> p« tnyDc tyrjnya d^d 
»a .5w»»a jypxa 'PSD nyij? ,Pin s lyansa 
Di^a t|n iy d^h yijyD^iv y^Dj^n kh 



•tyt^ssp nyta^nx 




,t:ik jyo 



D;yna ,ny 
IJ?nD ^«« «a Dyii 
■y-\ym' y^s kh 
d'd ,yDnyjy:jKJis 
-y-mmya insByj 

"?»»m« yj - 
■u jyansa p« 
pit." ^K asn lyo 
■an« tyj'B'KD ly^yn ajyDcny tn ,D^'vy:js 
PK B'ms iyn pa p^n jyDDyia ayi fsriD 
nyn ,iynytan« iyn pn isj Dyii t^ayo iyi 
■an3"K nh jy^yn -a^yD^nv ; nyDKBaMK 
is ,iifK pn lyvy^aaD^ms y^x pa |y;jiD 
ly^yn D^pa^nnyjyajKJiK px nnsay: sh 
■D»"m« sh .jyinit^iya fyv:x; pn Dy»a 
^yjs^isBsna jynyn Dvnipnya uy)) d^v 
.n -t ^"3is sh pa D^pjn ,, iiK' kh tsj 
d^v lyrj^n i ,c, x ,o"m« «n nyiyup asu 
kh p« 33iiT»xij; xn .iya»in« \vo Dyii 
yam3 n inyr ty^y^ar »3«i ly^yn v^w 

.y^i 
iyn ya^yn ,nnv y^s lyons -oxjf pa 
-y pk ,fynyD^iVDns asnyj dxh nyD^aiN 
-y^ x a?x lynxny: DyDDsiDya ^i$: iviyn 
nyn kh ,jsd nyn iyi ,a^yayi"ya yanyn 
lyiyn Das^yty; ivi pa tyDanas ynjyt^ 
nix .vd^p yi:vviyr\ kh jib jyaK^ya 
■ya Day^ yas^p yiay^nyn kh sni lyas 
ps ,tyax^ ynyiJN asn ,ayi pa i^anyn 
-yi ^n DyDasiDya rD^ansa xn dihd p^« 
fyD^ans iv jyaaixuvya pk ay nyn ,\yi 
a^x /iifctfpp x a?x jynnyany iv iiT« px 
ptx pyn jyDanax ytn .pcxD-aD^anx p»n 
nyD^aix nyn i^ax rx rD^yvixnyaa" 1 ^ 
axiiDy tm« xm ^n nnx ipx dpip xaia 
ay nyn tx ,^n DnyDtnya ay .ayamyu 
pa jynaya iv in D^pa^ayo xn ixa D^rr 
^yD^o y^x ix oyiayii ,d"3-ix y^pa 
p« nyax in Dyii dsh .jynrpaisDPx ay 
-^yrya ya^Daa^piv xh px pyiay fyvaxa 



1 



tQs:pis nh p« p^n « 



295 



-\V~ tyvBanpy iv lyiynanx v^Bxa Byn 
px K'jyc tycriv nysnyBaix nyan^xriya 
BnyBB> nya^x fim ,tM"n px dx~i xm ,^3y» 
-ax lyt px DDKtJ'jyD'ii pa jwbb> nyi *pix 
iya"X jyr, ,jva-stfx ayn b^j tf>ax ,yp nynyn 
-ye w«t ty^p'iiBay iv B^panaya yiy^ bxh 
-a^aya i^p bxh -lyiyiax nyn px typ"pj'n 
axn ny^tnyBaix nyiynyaaix nyi .B"p 
-5yrya xh pa Baxmxnya DjyBD^o Biyn 
iv tynynans v^Bxa Byn, xaia Baxc 
pn nyBB'X nyax T^^yii ay uyTBanpy 
,ya\nyBaix px yanya ,yaxritp px ypnxBt? 
-ay^>a px -wamaaxa ,yi^n px ya'HB^BBia 
Biyn &:yv lyiy 1 ,*nv'pa .11 -t x nyp^Bxs 
px ntfyo y^vyaD yaniya b^b lyisaya 
px iypjyn pa bix y^vyaa x ,rnariDn 
-kt yaniya iv yayn px pXB^ya p,a ,fy5ma 
nyi px ,o«n iyn px aairi'sny xh .jya 
-typ-mi ■^•voxa fy^yn aaiayaaix xh ,y5»w 
nya t>t jy!?xT ntfyB yayixayaa^x kh tx 
-xt manon yayixayaa^x xh px fy-iyoyia 
-yaonx iyvaxa px nyix ,Baxwyaas fjtf 
-axmya iy^>xT nxaxT nyns ,fyiyn B^yvnxri 
-Bxcaya^x yiayaaina-jyvia px lynyn &5yn 
■np -iyBcnnyn nyn ^ysca aiv ,xt .jyB 
,Taix B^nyviyi ,XTX*iaBs5 ixtyv os^sro 
-'3 lyaonnya x fynytya p^x Bxn iy tx 
-DBanyj xh px ssp pa naya oyoyn ,a*rn 
x jynya b^sii iy tx -t^h p/pm yrv 
ny px ?xaiv x ttiI .-iynyD nyaHpy"it}> 
,BD"nrBtfa «h .aima x tyixnya nyax 
ny b^bp ,Binyaya natya pn ya^yii ^ix: 
B^a yy'pviyn BD^iya iy dsii iB'otn 
nyBonnya ivwi -tyj^^xiyss iyax» tih 
■«a ynyn^K ^d x Baxiayj Bsn nyBiny^y: 
,^>x p:y- ,B^n:yjy^>yjJK nyi ly^yv, .y^y^aL" 
-d^N'Vsd px tk -iya»T iv 3nyn^« cy r'x 
y^x tyn:yiijs jyc Byn ^aK'j^yryj lyr^o 
iv •n^v^ jyBBHB'jyavK w^v 1 ?® kh ^b^b 

.jya«B 
B^yn nyn n^s boip t^aya iyiy« .xr^x 
0^0 ,B3yoxnyaByB Dy:yny^"iya x b^b 
■yny^iya x b>» wwnys y:y-y^*iya 
yay^nijiD yjyny^nya x b^b ,pxDL'»y; ny: 
•ya Biyii nyny^ ,11^2 ,|yaxr yo^iya tb 
-jya"x y^ynninj^x yBo^Brya b^b \y^§2 
"BKB^aya^M y^yn^inrx yrn n^a .lyBaxi" 



tx jnayi^n b^j pic ,|xhb iv oy tyonyc 
,ayi iyDnx .ivnyi ByB'nymxa b^j p« iy 
-nx yonyayaaxaiK px y-ync nx; xh iv 
Dtfii ,nyn b^b fyrpviv jyayp iyB ayn B^a 
•Ban^ya inya ^y^a fyiyn Byn B^anx xtx 
-"p ^ixt ^n Byn ,ayi ay^x ^ixa .st^k pni 
x jxhb jy^yii ^xt nya^yvi ,jy^ay; b^j nyj 
nnp nx ay dxii — B^aix b-ixt yBO'B^ya 
Bin^ayaDnx B^aix xh \yp jxt — ^i^ayo 
Biyii Dy xni nya^Btj' jya^yr j'anx jynyn 
nyix ,mcn x pa Bana xh B^any bj^h 
nyi "iXJ lyB^anx jynn Byn *iyny ,^xa:^x 

.yh«i 
-lyB^pannic y^x xh ,b*ixii p^x b^d 
*xn dibthx-'Vxd pa lyjaya xh ya^yn n^ix 
Ba^H you \y:yp ,iya^vivjx ayn nrx jyn 

.pyn Ba'B^rya 
• 1 7yt3 , 's«p lyta-m 

pX ty^ll T-B TX ,1X2 TJ1X BBIXII jyB 

lyay^x jyasra BBxc^yrya y:^Baj>piv xh 
"T»^'7a» "iyB.nx BnyB^nya jyn \yv ."p^j 
x Dy Bxn ,yBayi y^Bxaspy px ys^BHxs 
Byn Baxc^yiya y^BDHx^vxa xh .jya^t 
hx ^w n^aB^o "lyny 1 tx ,pyisB ^xmx 
B'B Biyanya pn iy W) i^axi px fy»"a 
H^Bxa ty^yn ay .jyay^ fyamnrtyBuyB x 
px a^an 1 lyvBDnpy iv lynynanx ^h 
■•'Baycya ^nn «d -Biiaya ^nn ^0 n^onvB 
ijyai^x jyaya tnc ^x^ p^s* dxt dxii -aa^a 
y^x lyfyv |yrT ayn px .ly^y^nna ya^yn 
jya^T tynynjx jyny px -t 1 ^ p'T jy^jy^ 
Tie nyaaya xh pa aaiBannya xh t\s iyax 

•pMIK JX DIBT^X'VXD 

pk cays ^yt tx -fnyB' rax: hxb t^x ay 
;d^k pa bexb BBX^^yrya xh dsii ,Dxn 
-a»a"n tx -Bayp^Hyaax B'J tix aiyn ay 
nya yayaaxaya pa Bayvx~is 95—90 DayBD 
jya^T tyaxTiya px aHBaya^x |yaya jyayia 
■n?ra px _ naaa ya^Ba^n xh pa axB^ryi x 
Bayp^nyaax B^a iyax iyp ay ; ayaa'a 
W2 jyixaya Biyn ixnya yiy* tx rjynyii 
xnt bxiipx \yi ,iyuaxL"aya^x yiyianya 
ya^yiv tycaya ^v,v lya^aya B^a oayp nn^x 
nyny' px y'?3 {ynyronx -p'riyD'ns* ty^XT 
■^11 T\%: -uaxTya nyaya nyix — *wk -Bana^n 
,tyaxnyB "iiv tya^aya nn^x Bayp — nya^a 
ay .v'?i P'T 5«' lyay" 1 ny-iyaa\s oyayn 



296 



taanpix kh 



18 



-"IBBhrb pa lytR^HR "irb |RaiRo 
ynya -ijn stir jy^vpR nh jyB 

■J/J yB"BD^R/ , VRD KH yafyyi -VOOID R - 

l"K iv lySisv B^a 5rb j"p Byii BBRtJ^yT 
-ya bdr-ib-5rb^ nyn brh 1002 p« .jsnya 
jyo ya^yn iv ,iyB"a-iR 108,127 Ba^Bayp 

DV DR11 .5>$p 120,528,343 B^nRVyaD^R BRH 

iyii •iyiy tb -5sn 717 T^apa-m b3ro 
pr d^ii -B'BRia oyn jy5«no*iya jy^RT to 
,jyiyaR^vpR 8H iv lyiRnya B^nRvyao^R 

-"inK RH |yB"11X .^R1 90,316,523 i^pfoya 

19 .^>ri 537 tyanp "t pa -\]nw Byii ,nyo 
"ly^T atySKTiys Byoa BD"n drt ,Baya 

"«£p x a^DyBD^aB^ymya PR dr-i isa 
■yoywys kh t^k ^RpBann «h .B^pa^a 
jyp ya^yn ,Raia f^vpnViB nyn pa run 
iyn "a i.5»br fy-iyii B-irrayao^R ea«5 
5a dtip .aatfpniBay "waayB *iyjptM«n 
.ytoyt^Piyn ^y^pnasa y2"5v y'pa jy^yii 
-rib rh pr ,iy*iyn BBRtyyaaR wmyn 
yo^na p« jyiyn BiHBayvaRP Byii itf'tfpn 
-rb yBDy^a p« yBDya rh b»d typnnKfi 
lyirpeivonR tw^ pr dri tr -lynyrtr 
nyjspnyoK rh jyBDyn dr TaiR \vwi 
-•pOTfii iyn brpi ,5yw«a civ ,rt .dbdrib 
jyinyma yp^vu so BanpyaDnR bdrib 
p« ~iRa riyDR^ya i"5a »» pa 68 bra pR 
B"pvnR"ia tynyayia yayananya 12 rh 
.so «n pR lynna R^l ,D3R3tr -inyo jyo 
nypiv oyi b^b jynya TiR pk yn^yr dri 
•iv jnynna rh pa !?ymya *m -bdrib 
.tyoijt^w bdrib iyi brh jypnaRB-iyp 
btvhrib "T pa ^yoiya p->R pw ptfa PR 
drt .y^R pR nynna r^ii nypiv inyo iys 
lya^iiv ya5>yva"R p« Dine bdr-ib nyn drii 
ys^BDHR^VRO rh Byii ,yHBDna^R pa 
-ris nyvaRa nyi pR irhb jyayp BBRc^yTya 
fyan^Riiyj ayi Bnyt -ayi lyo^iR -ir^vph 
RH pa JJIBRB'aR RH TlH : TyenytDJin 
-jrp rh -HH pr fyj:iony:nytD: , iR yj"5p 
tr ,^'t Dnyomya ryoma pr jjnnBjyx 
■ya inR lya-ina lyo^aiR 5«no nyonna r 
oyn ^htibrj Biyoynnya drt .aaia^Baytj' 
■spt anayviaya pR ,nyB"aiR tie osayaas 
pi? nyi bdrib ~iyn Biyay^piya ,nyn b^o 
.aaRiiv pR inyB lyB^ais nyi b^rh pr 



"iRa jaw Dit^a dibihr'-vrd nyi Byii iyB 
rh br ,B"iypiya ; jyaRt^iVBR jyair B^a 
iRBPRB-Bann nyn \"i Byn B^nay-panya 
hr jyBiRT yayny^nya rh ty-irpaiVD^R 
brti iv ,drt iv jyonya ^t Byii nyny ; B^a 
aaia^a pn ,Bay^RB \"i ,BayoR"iyaoyB v^ 
pn jyp iy irii ,BD"n drt pr ,Dn^R Brpv 
jyo jyii -nyn nyo^K .^nv^a {yBD^o dr 
rh pyiay aaRiiv ^nn Baypya n" 1 pw b^rii 
\yixn pr lyt^ayo pa ByB^RHmna^R 
iv jyiiya jyay^ dri b^rii j«n ,T»Ha jyay^R 
jyn jannKBiy d^r d^ii lyiy 1 .jRBRasB 
ya^yii ^y^ayo b^b jyoRnv ^n bdip iyo 
,Banan lyny^ p« *pt lycuv jyB'BB' 
.an^naaR^ ^n jyo B^n^a jrt 
-rb pa tr ,jyDH^ lyry^ nyn |yp panyi 
BaR^yrya ny^^BDHR^VRD nyn pr tvb 
;pn B>a jn»n I"P nsa jyp ^i^na iycy^R 
drii fyaiT nsa Byii iyo -Binypnya yix-tt 
-»r y^ynnvna^R rh ty^p^icay iv inyn 
.fyt^ayB pa jyBaR^aya 

jyasn pa : pr r^p yiyBDany ^y^a r 
iv pr lynnyaiy iv jyay^R jyonya jyo vw 
H^piya iviyn ^Ra 5ni jyo iyii .lyi^Hpya 
iv ayi n^R dir ?B^vDB^aiR rh fyv 
.nya^v iv \v^p:^ iynB y« ^yn -pyaBay 
brh nyry^ ly^H-'R nyn tr a^br d«vi t* 
iyp 1^ "iyaR -lyaaiaayi y^^BD ,, BRBD Ba^a 
rt pn iv lyair Jjni ^^r .jya^yn Btra td 
.•^HayB nRa Rm rnp 
-pHRna nyi pR oy^R tr ,jr nnya ^^r 
B^aRia ayi iRa -BiynayyaaiR Ba^na jr^v 

PR pHR jypyB^' jyBDHRB^Rp RH DR11 

nyaaiR B^HBiya Biyn ,sy:yvvp yiy-t 
jrt Byii DRn ,iynyT tbr^ .nyB^aiR rh 
pa Banya lya^nny ayn nnya t»n : pn 

: RpHyBR PR 1902 1R3 BDRIBHRBt:' nyi 

ins 1 ayn pR bdrib nyrn brh ^an ^d 
-HRHa rh i^a BayvRie : B^nRvyaD^TR 
T»a BayvRia ; .^rt 35,720,177 jy^vpR-DByB 
-yaaiR rh .20,332,690 jy^vpR'aBRB^ rh 
lyaRiBya jyaRn lyB^eRia yB^HB 

.$90,316,528 jyoRTiV .$34,263,656 

$20,000,000 rh phr B^a rt fyayi T'R 
inaRa ayi Ba^^ya brh jyo ya^yii b^b 



19 



tasjpix «n ps p^a « 



29' 



.fSWiips kh jynyayn:nye tayii jyo osn 
■»hd yBiyiJin kh jyBipiv jy^yn ,ayi nn k 
^>yn .jyBoya yBDpnnDC mi pa y;jn y-nyr 
iyms> yoDyn ynyn oj«n jyjjmanya ya 
jjyB'jyotD'o yny^T jyBnB iv mi lyjny? px 
-iv nn p« Byn dsii ,-iyD^B Dan |«d ^k 
-jyny 1 ,fyTBDnpy b^ BaKB^ytyj yjrBa^p 

mi B*18a J1« SmJTC KTK pK B'J D^KD 

-3kd \"\> tk ,jynyr iyp nyry? lyi ,$tfx 
-»d -iyn p« Byn yoajnp-DB^ain px ^y: 
.pn b^ Ba^x5yry:i nyB"BD^m* 
,iv jya^ -no,, ,jyj^T nix jyo Byn ",B13„ 
5x? Dy tx ,5y>a 'itk jyo jyp jyTvnxns tx 
b*j lyax btib "i.rpN ,jyoy^K nxa \y?y^? 
jyio mxi ,tjmvnsia iv aix tx .jyoynya 
-ya ynx-i: rx dxi px ^xnyDXB-m jyasn 
px Bn ^n Dmyoiya ynxn; dxi ,BpjyiB> 
■nyoiya jy^jyo xh mi ix^v-ixaxna xtx 

•'"in iy-i 
-ya vn 5yn ,iy~iyaaay iv tpnm din 
pM iv mao "lynii nyry^ ayn pn iy:mxiiv 
VW nyax 5yn tx ;nya>v y^vnxa x b^e 
tya^yn iv ,BKB?ifyi nyn \yiyi ptfa sn 
•lyBipya |yrn nyjysaxa yDm: 
*inx jytmya px D:yayiyjDnx rx ay 
mi |yn tx ,iyDjyonysDpy pa ijvui ayn 
px tynyii tyanBya 5xt BaxtPBTinJitf 
y"j y^x jyuynas ^xt jyo jyii ,jyDma 
aix ,\y\v jy-pBDnpy ya^yii ,jyam.nany 
my kh ^>xt jyo jyn ,jyB"aixya iv my xh 
Bvmya m ya^yn ,iyaxBtr kh fyayapmv 
5xt \vd iyn ; jyoana pa jyDpxn nyn mm 
-ya 5xt jyo jyii J3i*i»onijiD-tDKKT jya^nayj 
ym ,ty^KjKp-D3ivaij .n .i ,^rxjyn jyanin 
-^a kh ojypntsyjD'iK jynyn ay ya^yii 
^t jyo iyii pk ,~\ya-\y y^aoiT px ypu 
-ya .n .n .i^xkt^wkp iwnfiBnyB ~\nyv 
*?& |yo jyn — nyeny yjypno pa ajnyoKii 
T3K^b»h \yp \vn ,|y-in'aanN ay^s a^n 
tyo'via x Bj«n b^»iijbd»« ya^yn ,p^K 
jyi^vn^na hjk^d^k pa n«ian 5»nD 
t>k ay .n«ian nytajyv^yaa^n m^o 251,92 
•y oa^naya ^^D^K'ain in .DjyaynyjD^iK 
j$r^« ;ini^ x &>m dkij^^p 175 ^jyo nyi 
p« ?ynyn on^njjna iyp am ,nxian xh 
iwv^b 144 n^s typy^P B^m ,n3K^o«n 



-j^na iv b^ bb^ib ayn Bjn5> ay : nyB"n 
^t yjsiaaxj kh na ,yn»sn ia x lyrvn 
-yp 5$r iy (i« Bijayjj^ ayi nxa nyay-i; pn 
.mine kh n»a lyr^na yiyayn fyjyay-i jy: 
-^a nyi p« pn Byn 5>"nB:y:ya a^i yix^j 
-"an« nnya Dm .Bax^^yrya lyt^BD^K^ 
jy» Byn -\nyt2 y"?» ,\v$m ty^yii oy nyB 
•n^ia Byn oy inyv Dm p« ,jywn^-i2 
.pi? nyi pn Byn nyDy-i; ^k -lyiyn b^v 
|y^"iia3«5> b^j -iyry^ nyi %i 5>yii ^k 
tk Jiyiya^v p« mjia^n y^yny^iya b'b 
yBDiyBJix «h fyay: rn^a %i arpK ^yn 
yjyiy^iya pa BKB^iryn ay- .n .i ,n-vy 
■y: an d$t ry^n ya^yn -ly^uyayiD'iK 
p« dp^bd^bxbd y^y^va^ n»i« Djruna 
-yoaxa yo'iia pa jyjjiainyBJiK kh *pik 
b'b Tt BTDynyB^K Dy -iyii iyiy^ .-,y; 
yuyi s oyn nan jyrayj ;yp ,y:xia iyi 
•pn^ns,, :^ia D'bip'BJK^BN p« ;;i3yayi 

."BK«BB'5>K , V^D pK DIDJ^p {IS f^'V 

Dyn »a tx ,B3yayny^Dnx st^k t>n* Dy 
^r jyo jyn ,pijayB pa ijkbb'iv iyrB:^n 
i>a Byn -jyam: ps rn^a fyvvntpa 
■ijna jyiyii aijibDo^anK iyruiBtr 5 k 
d^ii .»3"n mi -yBtyasi d«t bi>vh 

DXSBt^ lyK'-'BD^S^V^D Dyi PS TN ,Bi"B 

p« b^v Ba.5>yn x jyB^ais jyayp fya Byn 
jyanjy B^Biyn n^] .pi5 ?yD s y3{<!-i n fyjnp 
.ynBanrs-DniJ pa jyvu nh b^ ^{<:: -n 
■«a div .jyn^a^^K nnya ?ya ^^j iyp fya 
jyo Byn fypnasa 300 b^bl-:^ jyn ,?yap 
"ijn iy» Byn 40 iyn^ 35 rn^a tyBanj^K 
r|jn«3/j -tynyj^KB px lynjjiatj'j^K ,s a 
-:N % "it" px ^miyBKB yn^n kh pa jyirraiv 
Byv jya ; rnino y^Bnsa s'-i jyi^BixaD 
jyb jjiBa^^ya ps aaiv^n ps jyi^a^^K 
;^L"jyo nyrrm ^y^a-^y^a iyama Byn 
n'h jya'-n p« p»;a«aans |y^t ya^yii 
yvjio x iyiyn Baxcy^a^ Byn ay .B^a-iK 
*s ^n« «m ,ty^y^N yiayt^n pa yD«$»p 
^i-, -^s-uynwniv pa yoNB yiynnyaaw 
,(iyDj^jN) DBjyBT^Biyms pa tyBa^p 
■«p nyn px yawons yam; x fy^n ya5>yn 
^^i^bxj jy^yn ^m^pnijia iyB"BD^«B'a 
nv jyBjyjN* yijyT""i kh .jyiyn Biaatjny 
■yoyinya ly^yn -iymjyn;yL ,M nv b^b lycsr 
mn -nyB^aix ya^v^ pa Snsv kh jyi 



298 



tasttpix «*n 



20 



15 ^m \yp jjiiyp^ysyn sh tx : Ba^n axi 
pn ayn ay px jynyayna-iya ^xb 20 pa 
ys^yii ,kikjxp .jyiay^K nxa aannxa aiaya 
jyaxi" typ ,js^b 6 pa aanyp^yaya x bxh 
\vn .^x^b aiyiain ynynnyo tb T"Q£> 
ynX3B3ns jyaxa px lynxnaanx jyBip 

.jy^a^x 
1$a y^aya kh bxh ayn ay^x nyanx 
yn .Bixii ayavy^ irrx aaxtya a^a aax? 
b^b nynaix^ jyax^ nyan ayn bbwwvd^i 

.B"s "iyi 
-jyanx xh pa any: nyry^ nyn ,iwv3 
mio ph jyaixn tb tx -jyapxa yaax"i3ya 
tb tx ,tanyr ny ,pyjjiniya w jyn^n d»j 
^njyn b^b jyaxni* B3yn ny^ia b^b iyaya 

:jyaxT w»n 

jiajw "JN13 iyny spin taDpy.i Dy„ 

,*ijna>pjjns>jyi3 yr?N vs 

,bbi^> tjin aururw .tyaina "tjin ijntri tin 

."ijna>n edo jymiyiyppis "raiN 

,liNBjy-jyi vs lyosiyiyppn ,*o 

1 lyxN^B iytaBKB» nh t^snt 

ini lyDDN'nya'N ^doti ]yi 

."lysNStt* iyT TiiN ityjay iyi 

■^yayn xh tx r^ioannya xh tik 
WHByBsya x px ^n a-iyay-ianya j^nyp 
-yaaaya x px ay ..t^xa px ts'visssna 
wiyn iyi nypns axil tx ,apxa -lya^yat" 
B^panaya xh axn ny lya^pi axil ,px 
axn lynan nnyia r^x -jya^a-iya tyaxn is 
a^x bxt px DijyrDDay^ya nyi jyn ,iy 
,iyay^aa-iya y3Haayais amx px yr^a yrv 
ay-i„ -lyny^ px arrx B3"5>3 ay ya5>yn 
pn px ,iisai^i aaxT ,nya"3"ix lytrnaay 
-npnys \"i px px B^naypainya nyay^B 
"nx ptfa tya^ay^ya^x px aa^a lya^ya 
(i'mat?) ts»vi iyn : jyayaanya pa jy^ynp 
."ayntsyn-Dtaay^yj pa aaianynsys n px 
xh pa 5nx* xh tx ,tin aax* apnxo ^ixp 
-a^yniya lytDinypyjoix px nx tyonnya 
nyonx axil -n .1 -uxto^^nxii ayn iv d^ 
."t jy^xn nynj'p nnyo r^x ^y^oxa xh 
p2 npmy:a , ' , ix ^nx px jju^b ya^yrn 
"p^ioay y"iytD"v. xh„ .lya^yaa tanymyn 
.tD^HB'jyo xh Dytanxiny ya^yii ,jj^ 



jj^nyvap^xa nyi ^: -tyinyjiy iv |y^yn 
56,345,000 BKnya ux^D^H dxh 1900 pa 
pa tx^pnxia xh xt^x n'yjnxiu^x 
-ya B'-nx^t^H tyn ,aijya pn ayn nxnn 
-^yi xh -lyaxa^HTiya in 5xt a:Hyp?ya 
»3""ny iyp ts'xpnxia ps aanya^a^ ya 
-pnx^a-naiypx ynyiax y^x px vix lynyn 
ijxmy^x ,3X3 ,ay3ix ^yaxtonxp »ii ,jyo 
yjyiy^iya px «n .11 -i -x tyoDina ,yvoy: 
nya^yt iyi px jyp niona tb ^ya^a yiyiax 
nyn dsi px ,|]njni anya^a^ya ix^phxib 
-ma x tya^naya iv a^p3Haya xh jyaya 
iHi^axa oyn ay axn Tin ,B3i¥rpa ya 
lyaia ,iyp ,^0 ^^na jyiyii ainyanya 
rx^a iy-i tx ,to iyD"ii ayn nn x .11 .t .x 
-lanya inyo px nnyai r^x tanyii nya pa 
dxt st ,aya^Hapy?y px ^saxn pa jyo 
n^a bj"pi B3'nay: iyo ya^yii »t«bb' x>t 
ynynax t»b lynyii a^iaya ;yayp tayii mya 

.yiyn^mn 

nax^a'a^n mac ranynya t^x ay^x ax^ 

XH PX 1X3D3HB Wl T^X "1JX5 BX"I IXVi 

nyax lya^T ay .aanya nnyT t>x ajnyp^ysys 
-yoxHxnaayx nax^an xm ,^yiw jxixa 
-xxa^ yaa^^xnya xh ^y^^aayanx ,^p'i 
-raans inyT t>x nax^> axn wii www ,]vv 
a^ayaa>aa^ymya aanyp^yaya xh px nxa 

.\"5p raxa 

jy^aayaix axn ,5y»a»"3 dix ,st 
,btvi»b^p nax^ nxapyn ixh^o 5 t\H3 
ixapyn js^^o 90 ix^ a^'nya xn i3jnn.jni 
,tavya'ya tanyii ay .nax^ ayamva^p a^a 
xpnyax pa jyaxxa^ yaa^a^xiya x>t tx 
yaftni na«5 nxapyn ix^^a 200 avnya 
tx ,iyoMi aTio nn^x -imaya px IX- fW>5 
nax^aay ,pxaaix - i^naay nax^cn 
lyaxxoa' yraa^a^xiya xh px T>Hpaxna 
nxapyn ix^o 105 vfa jyaxn iyoxTiv 
arpmya axn ?yo ya^yn ^ipx nax5 
■oana xh p,a ya^x ^ynnxna .nixnn 
152 ovnya -a^yn iyi pa nynay^ ynanxa 
oy ya^yn >i»i« ^y^^aaxmxiip naytnB 
■njm ,nyanxvia"x \%^v is T^^a jyan^ii 
b^b ty^^BBxmxiiP 178 axn xsxi'ix nayi 
xh .jy^ayB tX'^B 300 pa aanyp^yaya x 
iyayp xpnyox pa lyaxxaa- yaan^xiya 
,jy^ay?a ixh'-b 1500—1200 jy-inyany aa>H 



21 



IDDJlpl* Kn p« p^S « 



299 



tb ty^yn ay fjm ,B"nB>ayo iyi ps 5"hd 
nya ynyiax ^ik jynyn taayayya |y»jtf« 
oyii ,ayntaya-ataay^ya nyo^K ,|yjy>j: 
pnxtaK' ,pixta^ ^n lytav.aya pa 5n$v xh 
kh i^ax tyn -D^KBayiy .py:y^pnyB 
-js 5xt aanyptyayn nyi pa aanyaynaiys 
,tav>x k^i ^x^-isBipB nya^yt nyi px tnya 
y 5» x B'o tDnyanya tin jy^ayo xh iyj"t 
ytaayu t^o i^ax -- ya'aBTiyaaayay^ 
iwjjt px ytanyiain tb — jyaxrDiaptf 
.Ijnnijn ynaymta tb 

(.tta^XB Dtft?) 
•|KDB"I« P8VK -m 



lynyay^piya T^sjnnx'n tayn ,ny tan"-its> 
."aaixjfctfBBBiss ny^t 
pa -lyayo ytaayna »m tx ,tanyT in^x 
aaia^o yn^yr kh jyaxn onjruvnnip jyrai9 
-yp^yaya iyn pa junyoyinyp kh -ya'x 
.|ynyr taa^ \yp "iyiy tasnmya^x .aan 
-ayn px 2 ,i nynyntaay ryaxn yB"*i kh tx 
-ixj »t jyaxn taax -inyi ninrp 3 aayoD 
-ta^ain jyrn ynn$ «n nayinyn ,ya"p 
itbx taas px iya^>xn x d*d ta^ayaya v5 
|ytt ,xt^>x .^"lyia'p pjo jyvaxa x ta>» 
pn iv lynynsnx jy^yii nana px "lywvi 
jytaoyna nyn pa nyta^aya -iy;Hayta£> njn 



^^* e^** ^^* 



Vx-ixa px dibp^pskd 



xh 5«n ,ny- ay^iv tix px ,taxnxta 
ta^ytatyya ta^a 5>$» p»p tt taxn ynxifcyma 
iv Dx^p--iyta"a-ix iyi wn ly^yv yanTx 
px .aintaaya^x-taxnna iyaya jyaasyp 
nyi pa ly^xynx kh |ya"T Mna»ii iyn 
8H N"»ii wn jyaaxaya o»a ymitpma 
«n : nyajyj ytyta^sa yin'K pa jyfoyTN 
""? enynaa nxa nyax .ya^yis px D>nfci 
-IX iyi .Dxnxtay^xia pa jy^yx xh |ya 
-^py xh jyiynayiya^K ^11 Dx^pnyta^a 
Dintaaya^x-taxima pa ajUTi* ynayptaa 
.ya^taaxt^yTya x ,ytj"ra>D^x^xD x si»m 
jyDx^p ypnyaaya xh pa 5iaoxp nyn 
tianxp x jyixiiya aanyixa yrn ay^iv t^x 
Dx^P"iyta^mx nyi .tamo px jyny^ finx 
jib ax taaa^n aauayn ya^va^x p»t tx ,D"n 
-j^rnin xh .ynxwr-iia nyi pa n^so nyn 
pa ayn oyi b»o tx ,D"ii ,tanypiya ,ynx 
.nytaDnpy in^x ^n tsanay taxnxtay^xis 
ytfy^ ,aanynxa y^KpHKi yvi ay^iv 
in taxn ,dt^x>vxd px anx ^t tapm 
y^x in \y:yi jyainyaD'-nx taxnxtay^xis 
•BD"a px ya^ynx xii : |yDx^p yanya^x 
-x^sd jyaya ^isdxp nw jyan yaf>yn ,ya^ 
ynxi^Tiia xh xni nyra^vi w: nv? 

.taaa^yT 




II 

iyi pa taxta^iryi iy 
-nnvax-ia lyDTia 
iv jx^v^xnyi nytj' 
iyta-18 pa y~i:y 
vx taiynaimnx' 
pa ayn x fyiiya 
■ , d) ynxiL'mn nyi 
-ya^x lax^p^yt: 
-yS pn B]/ii dj; -i^;; .dn5»p |yj^jnK ayi 
■ayaya xh ay^iv n^a tx -tyaxT w i»5nya 
xh taxn jyax^P "lis ytn pa D«p3»5xyr 
•xa jyan'siiD xtx jyax^taya fX'vrxr.yi 

.-\yupK-\ 
800,000 ^xa Diyix^ya raxn taxixo jyn 
rlij^i^iiyi "lyi pa iyay-iytaa^x xh px ayp 
\y^y)) D^pyi va^v, aniya jxn iy djjh 
taxn ^ya^iiv inx .jyoynytaa^K sutkivtiu 
x lyoiaya ,dx^p x xni .ynxi^Ti^a kh 
pa aaian^nta-iya -iy-r px ^"noaK lya'taynta 
5s» \"p nyax -lyDyiytaa'K'jyDK^p mn»n 
tra DT^«ntjyfi ayi jyaya tiacxp nyi oyn 
tia tiBoxp nyn xni ,yaaitaL" kh tar^na-y 
ay^iv -ynxitrma hh jyaya taxnxuy^x'B 
x d5x t^x ynxiL"T"iia xn 5»n -p^x ayi 
-y^X^s *iy» k^i ^nxv p« ^yay^p ^y^a dx^p 



3oo 



taanpix kh 



0») 



ax tin jyo po -jyomis ayi tyayiayaapK 
2>ayo-iio5>ip x jyn -Ta^paHTDK: iyaypiy 
.jyomis I'tb tt [yiyaBs 1.x a'oiya pk 
inyo osn noxa D'iy&?ayo iyiTu oyi a'ix 
jy::y pa bpjiddj'k [k Km [yo^Knoay on 
TOKa a'tytrayo lyanDsy ayi pk ,DPKxay 
jyam ya^jm ,|yoBKBny'a"K yrns b»d t»h 
-ya on Km oyo:: jytrayo jyiTii ayi 
.BEKEnya^K |k pk 5>aty Km 'its -oaKp 
pk kt ,iya'HTOKa fyaiiax tio ivo y:i s yii 
■yj jyanyo jya'osy 1 ayi «a ^kind kh 
l"« b*o .^HTBKa [ya^na dxi ryisii 

5>8T Dy Km fBTBD'Tpy Dy DX11 ,Dy^K 01X11 

jypo ,tyoisa-Dayay^ yomya ty^y; jm on 
.^htok; jyaiias vo 
x: kh is -ty^ST on inyo \yiyp to 
yoisa yiy 1 iyax ,jyoixa yiTK o^a no 
-»k pn iy^KT to Km .^HTOKa pn no 
jyam iy5.TBya yaHoayrcya tk ,oa"Siya 
,tyopyo jyayio to jyv, ,^xi /^HTOxa 
jypo -jy^TBya vvi ]y:y: jyssoyp ya^yn 
\yi .t^tdkj pk DyTm tk rjyaxf to 
jy^pmoay oaypya tt jyaxn ay i^xa Km 
■5yn rtjtfiTsyj yrynnyi yjmK jyopya "a 
-^oanpy kh ry^v^ tyaaoyp iy:yp ty^st ya 
ayi o^o pk -tySTsya yaHoay5>t?ya yiayi 
pa o^paHTBKa kh jypv.ya pit? phk 
ocotrya niK |yp iyn .rayoonpy iym 
lyToonpy ay tyDnyaytpya tb d^h ,|yaxf 
jyn tk ,pn ,yp ay Yiyoyax^a yiyiax* tik 
-y" 1 iv tyaaKByaax tyo5>8ii nix pa ya^sa^K 
IKi -lyonyay^ya yay^ pa oik j'^xa rya 
jynyiaiya to tk ,"ivy: k jyixnya o^ku 
nix iyp iyn -jya^HJ dki .mow iyi iy;y^ 
jy^yn ty^Taya tb dku ,tyaKT oo^oca'ya 
lyiaypio pK iiy nytaw tik jyTBDnpy 
kh "a tk ,pn jyp ay ?nynyaL'» Ty"in^^ 
lyiyii ty^yii bbjipw nyomi pa tytJ'jyo 
ya^yii -iyoaKr3y^\s ymx B^aiKyjDnK 
iyTio {y^yn pk www jyjyp on ry^yv. 
.jy^n^ay: yaniaay^yj d>o jyaaoyp 
dkii ,bpkb nynjx }k t^k in^opon^yT 
BnyT nyny .ajii^o "lyr^iK o^oyo^ya 
kh jy:ya opynn t^k opKa iyi tk ^Hta^n 
-yay^ya nyny 1 pk lyayf- ytfyv ,tyj:iayn3^ 
iv aprttDPK lyroayo ayn ty^y^ 1 'D'3 

■jyay^ 



■«n to tya^yn ,^y^ ayi is jyoip is 

on oyn ,o^yoc?y: ^yp^onx jytH px fya 
lyaHiiTaDnx iyoDKioya is :nya s K pn 
is lyoipyaDnx pity nK dkh jyjyn Dy^x 

•jyTH 
hjkob' lyaHi^s: iyi Km ayn ^kj 
pk— I " t k i n i k fiaoxp nyi— opjib 
o^o typyo^» k ynxityma kh tb lyisnya 
ly^THOiya om p»« pa iyi ,\ypy mis 

■l^BDpy y^ODHKO'BKp KH D,TX TTH m 

~iy-t ojyn om nyomis iyi pa px y»SKOK 

mix d^x in^x i^a op;ib-jxol" nya^yT 
— dthk^skd "iyiv^ o^na^HJ \ywz ojyo 
•ya is roam Diyusrya tjik tb onyn 
.1 rO^paHTOKJ jyjyn y;xna kh iyoDKio 
•-|htek: Di^w pk csn -n 
■xt dix ?iaoxp ~\yi tx tyami to iyn 
yjyi^nya px yoixa pn jy^aya oxn pn 
-JX on ,to^ip lyaHrjyo nyi pa fyrjxay 
pa onx Qjn tix tk jjiptii pn anayiyn 
•iyi tix amiK iy:m jyoayip yaH-yaiyp 
HyTya Km ,ty"isopKa y«a iyay^ pa yjysa 
oa^KB ,.a .i .x y^yiopyryopx ,ya^OBKB> 
m^x pn itbk |y?KT td jyn Dsn -panyi 
nyi px ynxiL^TTa ny- o^o a^o^o^ 
to |yayp ,aaia^o nn^x pa oa^yn nyotr"iy 
nyi o^o pn a^o^ofa^x on ^xa pip tik 
xn i^bk jyn :^Hoya .oa^yn nyomis 
-•'Hoiya is oayoiaiK jyoia x jyaiaya osn 
inyi ^ki t^x -ysKOKi^aopy i.tk \y^-\ 
kh i^Ka xm dxi ,aaioapnya in^x L'^xa 
■kiib* px ypyp-ixot" oaxrya ODa^yT tox: 
■xd nyi ax o^oiyi pw xV oayp'H ,y-iy3 
nxaiyi aaia^o itk t^k c^xa .btHx^s 
"^T'Ds: ayi ooya ynKi^nia kh jyn 5>mi 
,oayoiaix p^x Km tiaoxp pa pyry^ p^a 
px oxn tiaoxp iyTH tx -xn oayaiya 
a^ix .yoiKB pn jyonya ,yo^s yayTtnya 
t^x y^sxoxHaapy tx -oa^T ynxicma kh 
-xa iyi pa T'yTya iyi t^x mx T^n -oayi 
xn r.yn ',0Dyiyaaix oi^xaax k't t^x ,to 
t^k o^iD^Ha is aaiayioo kh tx ,is osyT 

■T^i'oxaaix 
?1" ,l ?T , t3K3 od^i DKii : yaxia iyi tik 
TaTBD^py osm d^hk •• pyaoay ,yo tio 
fyo"S yomya px tyn -"iHl^Ki pn no 
oxn ^ayo p^x tx ^^i^oxa jynya pk 



23 



7N1S2 p« DIDT^WSyD 



301 



;x ,inyn --sa fyas* iy:yp td -T^TDNa 
y»TKwn\a kh fw^jni pa rDpais"T3NBB> iyi 
x pn ,aaiaTiN ya^Bsy x ,_ i B3*T'mnya 
"ii tx rjyj^t tin jyPD td lynx .nyj'oan 
-gis D«"7p « B^yppiaay t* bxp Dy T>Na 
xn jyayj px 5n"isd rayoyn rBK'ngBj?^ 
I'M tin bxh ,yTNiB>nia ynayTBDnpy 
pNrayBonpyT'N Bayi oyosp^sa n ^nisd 
-y- pa aaNa jya^TBNj ayi iyjyj ed^j »nya 
-iB*ma km npi iBBK^yrw "iya*5tP3yD 
-ya ~iidn3 km rDttx -Dy oyosnnya y*N 
jyii "isa .yiyaxntr px yiypnxBcr bbnb> 
pit ya^n yrt2~i«s r.ysNB>ya ^xt np tf'BN 
■so pa jyDnyais B*a ■-sn iys *yp wi$ 
sin tpi ,Bayi yra^TEKJ pp dp^n'S 
nsa yTyn ,?nt$d x BTBappy ay T)xa 
itx px fyny* to jypo .D'Tia^a my- 
tb jaw^ttny yr^rrBKa x rayBonpy 
^>n"ind km apx oa^N t ,£, x Bsy PN T31N 
tin ,yiPBpyaiD n pp Byn dp5np*nd pa 
iyBENG?aya"N n a*Bapi d*3 mx tb fya'p 
pp 5s* -- ^xixn *iyB>nNBy5N"ia nyi pa 
n— ay^is "isa tyixnya jyaxryn px xp tx 
pn taix tb .BNMNBy^siB pa jyay-iyDPN 
nxa ya^yn ,^>nisd x in ,Bpxa lyr a'Bapi 
td jyn px ,BTBDPpy ,B"na"5:i B-iyn 
"Til kh tx ,*y5y»Bnijfl uiypy: t? lyB^xii 
ptn jypy3 b5>nii J'N'isd lyn pa 331P 
iy^y; jyaanyp uiypyz b^np np tx ,p"inbb> 
lyo^sn tyBoyD jyn ,nBiD*iN px ainna^i 
ixt tin -tyispya tyaxtrya ya^yrx itsn 
-sd sn tx rjyast Djypya B'a td jyD?sii 
Ta .tbnj xn |y;y: px ^xixd yB"BDP^N*s 
ynayaaDyp >pis BTBDPpy prenyl niN 
"a"53aiK yjyn^ay: B'n p'N pa : lyoaynp 
y^^Nnsn km B"»n lyB^iiv nyn pa ,B"n 
-vyf^ km a'iN pN .o«nD"5a is ajnymsa 
B^sn oy p« nanNp p« Baynya B^sn yu 
B^sn iy^ iya^yn "a ,:mm$ ntn |yi{>*iiy: 
jB^na'^a i 1 -: iyaaoyp nansnya b^ pit" 
jyB'^NiSB ayi ay5»is B^vssii o«n3"5a iyn 
ya^fwyo p« BayTiya^a jyoipya isBpsa 
rx -tyasiByj B^sn ay iyn jni njnnyn 
">- px tyayaas jy^yn B>a iyB?>sii ya'va^N 
yayisayaB'B ni?"T yaxp "lya^BBNB'^yTya 
■ya bpn^ tyrn px t»b lyBSssn ,oinBD , n 
.aawtjny v-^i'^^J N rvrii/T 



jya"T ya^yv. ,jyBp:ia »m km iyixnya 
-'bin jyrn px csy^ pa jy-isnya Binnya 
px !?x-ixs pa y^xi kh tyayn ,.n .i ,^yp 
xh jyayn -jyay> iya'^ayB jy^^yrx 
iix ^x^xrs nyni^xaax iy- px aai^B^nx 
ynxi^nia xn tin tx ,::i;y:3x: nm fyayn 
-^nnnya iv jyBjyoia-ix ya^Ba^i lya^n |yp 
- iN^'XBxi^EDpy pa ?xnx? nn*»« \vvi 
■y: nya^B'M rx taiN t; kmi ay- ^sa p.N 
■yp -B^pa^TBNa jyayn aaia^B nh fyixn 
-N~a lyraiN typ'tPBay is lyByinis t>o jya 
_ ND dis \snx^ pa aai.Tsya km jyayn ya 

•DT^N'S 

pn no oyiayvBD'Tpy ayf'x i^xa xm 
Tin iyn» td rx ,tt DnyBtnya -t^i'bx: 
-iia nyi pa B^pa^TBNa nh jyaypiyaN 
bj^dnp i'in traxiD x^i .aaiams-yTNiB'T 
jyayn ,iyBpxa km pn B'a jy^xi ay 
Nm T^t -|yT«*i jy^yn td ya^yn 
"t b'd td lyriD ,jyTBD'rpy »n ix: T>xa 
■aia^tyny ya^TBxa d s d xm jy^yayi t* 
iyB"iis ayn •>N! : 'XP , a pa Baxcnyn sn .\ys 
"iyn' xh xm -jytrjyD in^td ISO lya^x 
a^ayp jy^anya ay;yrynya ayn pa Baxi" 
nyaN pn dpbnm'n Dyoyn -nyiaxapy^x 
.DH'N lyayo^NB »a e"bpnb jynsiiya Bayp 

TD tyPD T^T »P*t B'a ?NT D^T 3'JUJW PI 

,T^TBNa nya^ppi B'a |ypp »t tn -fyaNT 
-anaypip B^a .BTBDnpy axn aySs npi 
dpn B'a tt Baya^s ixs lya^Dn ~\vi dnii 
yt'^pa px yc^xTXD -y^yiBpy^yBa^N b^d 
•n nm T;xa npi -lyayiiBayi pa .fyBByip 
fyTBonpy |yaai.Tsya ya^BBNB^yrya yB>*B 
pa Djy-jpTiynx px aysMNiB x^ px 
ya^yn ,yyDix nm i^xa npi ,yaxD iyi 
is B"i3 px .Ban^yt p^sb pa DnyBtrya 
pa BBNK'iyn kh ts B'^a IiTn jyaiaiy^ 
3313T1N yn tx .iyD^" 1 pii." jyD pd ,nxs 
yBasDiyiayaPN nm .yT' , i , 'Bx: x px 
ypBsy pa dpdxp ay- jyTiBDiTN jyBPxa 
-jyayaiya B'a lyaixiya td isa -lyaaiTayi 

TT PX B^XHB^y 3313"nX*yPXlL"T-i , a NH TX 

.jyBPNB yp'Tx a'a'Pi B*a 
xn itbn iypp ,iynyrya tyasn td xpi 
|yan y3 s yv, ,Dy*snNnB px aayap^nyaN 
tin .yPNiB'TT.a ~iyi pa {ysia km tb osy* 



302 



•BBJlplX K*H 



24 



ixa imim yom: ny^nyjjiK IN tas"nKt2y ( 7 

.tjik 
-ya ytfw ,y^w kh jyrn oayiy:i w: 
Tjn ojita^j oanKoy^sia "iyn rx ,}yoB'in 
jyo .eisoKp pn pk ty^i^n y:"p p« d'j 
nyi t^o fyjypyn xa lyonyj tt i^j oamn 
■»»i kh lynyi is nyo"3-iK pa y^s^KD'oa 

.3JU"D NTX PC D»pJPMH 

Dip lyj^r to jyjyp yDty? sh lyayj 
iyn jyjy; vi$wi jya^n to d$ii yn^yr 
d^k nyD"3iK nyn *i?K3 nt, tk ,y*?n'wnia 
ytj^Kiso tt p« BforitMy ^jyo-TDPiP k 
jv5k ayn ny^'iv pw px ^yoa^WK 
jns ?ibonp pn iy-iT3 5st ny w ^^ayojiK 
no |yo .B^xjna ty&5"?60«o lyoo^o^ya n 
nv tyjyp vpxq ttfsTi fyo jyii tk ,fy3ym' 
-yn jysp^jnso pM dp^wxkd pa jyony:) 
d^ dtk pa D?yttK>y:Q$ tt or^ii ,ijkdb> 
ins siu k n 1 ^ -tyay? pa jtx* k KMi ~inyo 

dt^k'vsd iv pkiko pa wirrxya KH 
nyp div jya^DD^j pa jjirrstsa kh k^i pn 
"iy tvp "lyaiyp nyi "is: .jyny^ lya^Tiya 
oyoyn ^yj^^pjia-jyny^ yj«t y^K jyTa 
iyn t$j ,oiyp"iya ,p« ; pjmp a 1 ] pk dd"3 
T^j o$n nyaiyp Dyoyn ,*nnj« pk bd":i 
.oatnp-Djyay? jyT^-iya d»j 
^Kntjso p« dp^vkd ,siaoxp-tyDK5p 
-ns nsj .jyoyj yjyny^nya »m iw«? 
-ayojiK pn yc*inx Dip pa ds^k |y?"fitt 
.DpiKiijyoKtix jya^TBK: iy^T ny^w *p5 
lyjNtojy onoyj tt fyatp fyoD^Bsoix kh 
ttf^noyaaB lyn^n »t 5^11 ,|N?a nyn pa 
jya"^a Dip .dppk'xkd pa fisoKp-iyD^p 
as |y5«no ya^yii ,sh i$no iyno jy^yn 
.tia»«p-jyDK^p pa ^kijjio 

.nynya S 



jyn^ny^ jynyn ty^jyn in ,dpnb nyn 
ynyoyna yjyp^iya co : ya^Ja "p»p d>'j 
i^ tjix d;^t riy^^p^nya y~\v:y'?p p« 
-y^ jyaiKnyn lyti'jyo tni -oyi jyayii id^j 
t^« DaK^^yryj x s n '.DaNty^yTyj n ps |yn 
•y^ jyn^^ya pa jji^p^iojy wSvbiu n 
nsyaonK o^n oaK^^yTy; x anx fi« ,jya 
pn ,ynxwnD px nytD^niN : jyDN^p o"3 
toax^yn iibnj kh «'ii ^^'bw nrx oy 
.jyo^ay^yn ya^^nyiiya p« jytanKiKB 
pa jjuyiD^ n* fynyr n^o tyn ,|ya»5a d^t 
"n*nyDN>p ytn lynyn^y is OKnxoy5»jna 
pk jjuyiDK' kh t« .jya^T vd fypin -j:^ 

■jntDB' y^^KIJJD SH 3'1K |1K -"[^"I^X: 

-onx Bgn fiaoNp-iyDx^p nyi ya^jni jjd 
pa iy^y>v ynn^« lya^n^y oyv, ,tD«ai«ya 
t« /tyiy^piy lyTiB to ry^yn ,ts"na"^ 

■^nn "iyi ix pn o^ ^st « ,, t taxyrya 

DNnsoy^na pa naoNp-iyDN^p nyi 
naaoyp ny d^ii ,nyi o^o tt DyT^nyojiK 
pn tb rn5a jyos^p y:nyn^ y^s «'ii o^j 
-jyDK^p yiyt tv^y^ oaaoyp ny .nyoonpy 
■k^p Viy: ,,,| K pn jy^y; tik ijt?« rajwn* 
,jyDN5p yanyn^K y?x k^ii .nyoDnpyfyD 
-jyDx^p pu BKnKoy^ia nyi Ti« &$n 
-yii n^j o^j ,dx^p -\yi tayii jyjyn .^ni^o 
tin *iS3 nyDyT pn ly^yii tyoay^p Dyo 
-pn ^t .nypnxo^ pn oyii ^niso cyoyii 
-•>« y^s wn ,^nso y^nKoy^^a sh tn 
-is pN ymyii p" 1 ? lynsn ,iypK-iso yyiyi 
OTODnpy Dy tor ^a iya^ ; jyjn tyoi^D 
pa 'binsB n ony5 oy lyoyii "3 -dn^p n 
lyjy; jyaaoyp iv o^n: t^n ya^yn ,B"na"fci 
osn JNT ,D«?p _ nyB"3n« pa yvKOKi^aopy 




25 



Ijny^ p« Dss^ycn 



303 



.\ysyb jw to£Ktr:j?D^i 



•Tl«"l«D«^«l -n -YT T1S 



nxa-iyi jyo jyp ,jjn^J [yrya^y-i tyiya 

-&?ayo ayi tix px y^yyi -iya^K>ayo nyn px 

-aiau nya^x jynaiKii jyj'ayj nysnyp im»5 

ya^yn ^Dyoa^nxa px yoa^otfa-ixa ,\vi 

lywa^yn pa tyisuya oaxmxnya tW"T 

.Dioroxaxa tyryw^n px D»pptafi 

lyax^a^y-i sm ,tya-iKii P^a x td^ 

D'jy^ayo ayi jyiyoyanya DTnns iyaxn 

•tyaatfya "T px axn xm p« jyay^> 
* * * 

-isa t^a in jyp trayo nya^xox iyi 
iy .o^b cyn pa aaio'Hya xh ly^yor 
,tya-)XDty tDD^n dsu -jnyottnya o>a jyp 
pM px .jyTBDnpy is ,pn is jyiynanx 
-ax p.*p d^ix w>2 yt oa"5 5acj> jyaxaa^x 
,d.tx jyjnyf 1 dijii ,sn xm .jypjsnya vwi 
iyn DayoDa^Y ny-rx ,iyaya"ixoe>ya iyn tx 
jyi^ayo jyanyny? ayi px osn dsu ,DD"a 
pnx ryaiy lyaaxayapyiiK Ya px ,oay^ya 
,p?w "iyix -aiya xh nytaaix D"ii rB"n 
a>ayo nyn ayu onsi .onya-iya pt nn ixn 
ypxv nxa-iy~i .tp sm ntx dpjib |yay? 
nxa ryt^ayo yo^xYx xh lyi'K tyis5> 
^sooas ,"ijn«?p px aannxa ytano yny^r 
.nyi"ii ps oayap itsx 
-iyo5xTx iyi jyaxotsnya oxn nix 
tx jyan to ya^yn ,aaia"Bny sh ti>ayo 
-ya nyansn nyn tx ,jyD"U to nyax .ono 
-jyDTUiN ly'oi^a yix oytanaya rx una 
yoDaxaa^x xh jyayu D^nayo'iiaiK ;o«n 
to .jyay^ px ton: nyi pa fyaaweny 
yannysaix taiK tyjiyf 1 ptx !?"ii ,oy t.yD"ii 
hid iyn .ynay sh px d'id nyn tx .jyopxa 
xn tx px tr^yaytrya lyrnyayf' nyi pa 
a^oyno pn p« jyay^ o^ $irm«p pi^ tiyr, 
to .ono ayn nxa jyiiy: v» «n k^i »n« 
d^ lypano p« o^ jyay yono tx ,jyD»n 
.d^ nsa ryaixn ps o^ n*p iynny:ya - 
tn ,tyD»ii to .nnyo ^tjj iya>m To nyn$ 




DDxi ,jyj{jf3^yi y? 
-yanya is jyaii ,Tt 
a'jy^yo ayi \yiyD 
iv jyair "t .fyay^ 
">•>'? y:w lyoy^jixa 
.Iyv-lyoc , ps ;y-] 
lyvxiat^ ya5»yn 
kh pa D^ns 
-^yonynpx ^a^^tr^y yttm^piMnDn 
p« i:^2 nyas ay jyair »'i .ton: iya^ 
.jyayo^ p« jyayn n*t .T^myoDwnyajw 
")V iv dik ,]yi~\y5 p« jyanyne »»t yD^yn 
tijib'o ^tk fyj^T ,5y»x lyansi ayi jya^n 
■'«nio ntx tin Dyunjya jy^n »n n^n 
Dy tk ,o«pB^Ka px e^iuyD^uw nyjH 
jyaxn »t dsh ,0^ ^Tn i"P i^j t^n 
oiy^naiya o^j iyoDy~i: , o ayn .tin l^as 
.nnv ya^tpjyo kh 
1TS8 tt jyaxn nyp^ya px jyrjyo ,no« 
pa yaaiot? -ww is jyannyaanN ^o x 
tyty^^yn pa -^TiyoD^aya lyry^^yi 
oaMDixa B>jyo nyi ya^yn ps ,ninrtfnn 
DD^j iik Dya^^'jyo t^ dsh -Dy^x ti pk 
tyi«mynaiKii ayjya^x pn o^o hmjis t* 
onyn p« riya^TOwnya^K ayi pa Ti:ya 
nyas .jytD^yn yo:xpya:ix px lyniKUBnys 
ay ,|yay^ dxt jyaxo nyaya o^ DD"n dbi 
ayt px jyayr 1 ax~ jycia dib>s oo»n 

■ty^ayo 
xh jyjyp'^ax o^; iw -\v:"? ,nox 
p.x ;yanaya yry^^yn pa aaipTii yDMia 
tix ,tMmmyn»K {yas^^yi pa -jyyTK 
yT^cjyo p« ^SDK'nya [ya^B'ayo ayi 
o^ r^x ixa BD"n Dsn iyax -o^proyno 
•|yay^ ty^yyn D'lyB'ayo ayi fynyayanya 
px \w^ yavt rynyn:^ o^ ^sa oa^n ry 
?iy>o iKUTyaiy a*i« iw •lysnyou' 
x jy^aya jyo jyp y^yyr nya'^ayo nyi px 
-yn x ■jjnn jyix^'y; rasa t^x d»h .y^ypani 



304 



■OSJlplX RH 



26 



iy:yp 5>st ,nnw: rh ,kh naa rttfyn iyi 
-drp-?n pa t"ivp °Jn pr — pn« |yoip 
.j/^n k pjnoiy»"^ya r Dm: 
T»! *ya*$n pRapyp tr ,pn Bnyotnyfi oy 
y?s pR , ycs ,, BJHp.R Bnnya fyjR'U'pyp rh 
rp .T.yayp' D'lye'uyo ayp pa ^ypaHi 
oyi prs aannw fyanstwiKB "t tyaRn 
jyo ird drp p« jyb 3yo drp -- lyspjyD 
px B&^Dysj'HR v* n T tyaRn bprp ;b"J 
- hpb pk tup lytPHis yD*3B?ymyB rh 
PR htr px -lyay^ \yn ;yp htr pr htr 

jy» jy»3 DRP pR DRP ;B*3*tyB iRB htr 

^Rpya^x .b'3 \yn prb Dyjy pr oyjy 1 ,jrb 
yjnyt^R px B-pstrya T.yjR*3*^yp rh tyaRn 
jynsn pr pymyp lya'ftwyo ayp jyo"p 
.BD"a pn BSR^pBnya 
ayp pa *yju"nyir$a ya*5p'BRj rh pyaR 
jyonya PHiayp^a jyaRn tyny^ D'fytwyo 
.jmartfpBnya nyty^^jn pa jyo^p rh 
,jyny^ D'tyrwyo cyn yau pr drh r^R PR 
.B'jyn ~iyp brp -ph^tirh pn yai: pr drh 
_, r nyp^ya ypR pyB3iR PR iyB**x y^R pR 
jyBBHBnRB kh pr d*3H rh tyBRPBy3py:i 
jyj"t p/iRHHyp rh .ypnyp' yry^^y-i pa 
nya pr fyBanpya is pjrbb'D'R jyiiyj b*j 
-a s jpya jys3R3 pR pyaR ,tyay5 p*t lynyoyn 
drh ,D:ypy3 e*-3 ^rpir "T tyaRp drp fya 
r did B^yii y:^ s* pa ntfn nyn Bjyoy3 
■yanrny ^y;nytr ?r$e ^ya ^r: pn pyp 
■y3 divr jynRn "t rhi -pyuyrrsis pr njy 

•lyDRp iv oene 
-naya ytf'vi rh pa — lyjRU^yi y^R 
rh pa ,nian ya^RDR yiytiiR pa jya 
-yj-5y*B h pa nvpyo pr pyp5*a yjiw 
-pRpa ,dvsib3rp pa fyppy^ rh pa ,»nye 
jyjR^^yi yuycnyn kh pa rttd p« ro 
nyi rhi ,jyi."3yp yBin^Hi^ kh jytj^iis 
TJinynK-nip PR ninoaynaHp ,DinB3ynv 
-o^r jyiiya B"»3 ty^n ly^R^nyn y^R — did 
■yanya iv :^yx wi jya^my vs ijrdl" 
s >t an« pr •tytJ'jyD pa jyay^ drt jyiyD 
•^r D'Hatinxa pR ^mvv htr ^2 jyj^T 
,iRanyn irj Dy t^s ,B^yn lyvaxa nyn nya 
iy3HR rh tyijy^anRa ^irj jy^yp «t 5»ii 
pa pr tyDRD-Dp^Ra yn:yDHi3iR rh pa 
-jyDHi pr nynR yai^p ; d^rirj htr dr^; 
pa typanaya pip lya^n drh ,|ytr3yD yn 



"as* ra" 1 : raD" 1 ^ p^p ih brh jyBHD Dyn pa 
nyi pa bd*'3 nyi 5«ii iRaiyn -ta'b^n'ay; 
pa ^hr ^H3^Ra pR c^jyay^yn ny3Hyay^ 
,nyn3iTya b*3 nsa BTBonpy jyt^ayD oyi 
ta^pa^taynta nyi ps dhhr tamp ny irj 
pa URDt-nya pr ly^n'ay: ^yinyj rh ps 
pn nyaiyp nyn rvin Diyn .y3Hyay^ rh 
•"i dd'h nyi pihr ^hr D^yn ,B ,, 'p3''BynB 
jyt^jyo yDHia pa bd*'3 iyt an« jir ,yj 
nay!? ,bhb iy'H ^rj bpihi pr ^rj cay^ 
rh ^yo:iK D'Hi ,b*hi * 4 y3*iy biri b>j ny 
y3Hyay! : ' rh jyti'Hiv rt s prb irj ,3iya 
-3'BynB rh ^in taij nay" 1 ny pr ,|y^:yc 
-dhr BBny Byii ny ya^yn ojipihi pr b^p 
"i'b drii B^yn r pr -bdjipiv nyn \^ jya^R 
■^in nay^> py pu ,b'3 iyo^ii pr b^3 \y:yp 
-jR3pya lyi pa 331PPH1 p.R B*'p3'BynB rh 
-ya pr Bay^ya brp ^jyn pyp fyn ,B"njy3 
■B?yn pyjya^R iyT3iR »ih« bpphi 
pn b^3 jy^Rt jypiRny: yvi 1^? ^)) 
jyt'Hiya b^ tjir jy5»Rt *n pprbb* rhi pr 
yB^RHiRHiR ynyraiR pa B^njycH^iR rh 
,D3yii3'*R pr ^hr pyaR »t lyHHiya ,n'iaR 

-BaR^jyDHI PR B3RQ -\nyv B"B ^R3 P'R 

-pyBDj'a ypy , Hy33iR rh ,B^npyan ^yy? 
ya^yn jnvojtfmyB ypy^pyajiR rh ,v»i 
-'Hat^pya pr p*« 'y^xiiKii fy3R'3^yn y5x 
pa jyanpa nyi jir eiynsya ayp ^n jyb 

•rapyn nyjy^ r 
pR Bcya pn jyB^Rp ;y:R s 3Hyp y?R 
"iy3*^RD« pa fyan^a lyBDia lyiiHRP nyi 

PRa DHPR DP'R jy^yBL" pR B'HjyDHIJIR 

y^>x jya^yn iv twit ayp pa ^Ryp'R ayp 
rh ,inyt2 pRj .lyaypDtr \yz-\m \yv:yv 
,jyaRp jyb^v y^R pa py3Hypa-D3R'3'^jn 
{j"3yB iyi tr -lypyrya pr B^n*ay3 ,vt Ban 
-r: yj*n drh ,ayp pnn ^y'a nnyr Byp'H 
b*: fyD^BL" lyay' 1 iv yonaiHya ypHP'B 
is yD"3DPHya rh }yB'"paH3yB rh b*d 
yt^roRH rb — B?yn nyn ^hr fyp^apy 
tr ,B3Hypsy.3 iyaRp »t ?iRPBy3 'n jyaRp 
— b^3 pr3 pr B?yn iy-\ phr jyay^ drp 
pi: pr B^yn rh -B^yii yiw t^r np*y pyp 
■y s phr iyay^ jyj'a^R jr iv 5>y'stjnRS r 
ty3'a H,, R Dyay^ is 3yn pyn p« ,B^yn py: 
■ytaB" pR pyjpyp b>b lyBR^ya t>r lyny*? 
*ihr rp BD"a oyp jyapRPpya drh oyp'ryi 






}V^ p'K raaNirayD^i 



305 



nya nya^sjoyc) iyi fyn ,DJKoyayn kh fya 
--aypito x iia paKayaapK v? &*n 13kdb> 
- W noxn ly^aya fyssn -nxx- jsanriy 
ysHcyayo kh nyax nn« .nyi p* B3p^a 
-"K tonyr 1 km 3PK ^^nytD^aiK pk nȣj>a 
PK^a x ny'D^jEM xn ,taany^ya ■>»? fy3sn ,3*3 
irpK ^xt dkh r.ya>aya i,tk inq jyo jyp 
kh kpi ,B»irD ay- 1^2 ;yaKa lyuaya dk 
p« pK ? lyas'aHy-i kh pa "ttfyn y;y„ 
lyoip K'T jyp tjkbjpiv iy-iyoyn ny'DKii 
-"-iya„ nyi pK kmi ,ttfyii ny:y^ n^« ,pnn 
Dynis naKttfcsns "lyLnyt^ny:,, ps "jytaa^a 
y?K nyees *tik snm t^jyo iyn fyaftni 
ny- epiK xn ?yay? pp pa yD'aa-iHya 

? D?yii 

lyasn jaiK ktk *pik ix ,^t tsnytassnya 
b*j isa fyoytaD^D ycaxTx^a yo\x kh 
jynyayanya is jytpayn nyi jya^yn aaypya 
DiK>e pk ay .ttfyn -|jn ?nx iyay^ pM 
-KTX^a pore lyry^Hy-i lyttfK iyi jyiiya 
•taynys^ayanya'K tj»a 
nyaH^ayo nyi |y"n ,D3KDyay-i -iyi ^sa 
nyi pK txttya snsii x ^p dkh laKtatnya 
V* tasn ,|jran?3Ji« pk topis pa ax^cr 
.y'DKTK^a Kn "^iK Diyi:;yy:i taytPHya 
Dxr? iyi"p dxp naKtttJ>ayaya ly^ypDi nyi 
-y?p-iy ujypy; b»j Dsn PK [yaKDtnya o»a 
kh orrx ona pK - bpHk nn nyn — fyi 
pn iv tnynyaapK taxn -y^yy? ya^twya 
aai^nxa yaHtyayia pa BpjifiSyD'e iyn 
-£>aya lyn ^n nxn ppiayftra .jypjyi px 
ybma "Vis px jyDsayaDPK paKnya nyan 
nyny^ ,iyasn y^y\i ,aaifcnsa pa iyrD^-inL" 
kh trpTiBB> /iya"BB> ayaya^x pn *pik 
y^K p« fy^ayo ayn px wiy^ dxt mew 
»iw yn •!yD ,, rny:iy c 'y:i:K p« |yoisa ynyr 
sh ps Dcxt:':ya , 'n «h iy^ ,, T lyD^iDB-" 
iv taanryj jyaxn jn«a .yaxTx^'a y:-\y-i^2 
,nv2iww: yiy^ny^ix yjy s iy-y s p~y 
ayn px pjjfonKPiDH yD ,s_ 'iyi , iL" yay 
-y^ jyaxn i^b nya^yn fie .jyay^ a'iyi":y^ 
■ya tyaxn yi^a .?>yp^tnN jyjnjjs p« oiyi 
lynyiro ix -iyc:y'2 cy~ tya^yn is Bait 
.asna jv aaia^o nyn p« pk ^yT^ 1 ? w«t 
y>asrs c . ynyn^ia kh tatfsn lixp^^oy^ 
«h k ,5yiv -in^x pK n^nyayj »itk cpiie 
.tyoyua^a yL• ,, axTx' ,, ^ 



kh — ya^cjyp pa ^np ayjy->»DDnp ayn 

K't jyp kh -iyax s P*L.'nya &: iriyo N"? |yp 

.ly-ny^a-iy-: ta"»a inyo 

kh .iy^yoD , a y^asrs^a kh fya^n 
nya jya^B'jyo ayi pa nn^pn pk □^:Er i a 
jy:»> M ;Hy-i kh k^i fstjyja^K nnyia i:x^l" 
ayi pa fyn:yt3B'DiK k ,_ ; iynyaya-ya is 
■^>yn ,un»5 kh jy^Bty iv -iyay^ a'iyj':y: 
pa ,2;n^c o»j -yi pa ens tysKiap ya 
ty^nynsa kh jytyns y^KDnKnon iyi 
•^panjyo kh pk jyay?" D'tyB'jyo ayi pa 
■^k "^xi pk dki ?jy3HHaya -i "t jy^ 
DKii -I'^K pa yaxjaPK-toann kh -"■ , o:y; 
is r s x pa ,bipib pk op:y; B'jyc nyi 
■m ^pk ,u ."^T Bjyuya pk naynot." iy dkh 
-K^a h— pJKiyj lyaHB'jyo nyn cdkh ^y^a 
naxiay; pK jyT-H yvi Biynanyj— yasi 
■^k tyapn; ayi is nyojny: B"n^jyn kh 

? ^s fysHtJ'jyc 
kh Km apjia ,pjKiyj nya^wyo nyi 
pK ;:x-:;x pk t> t)^n -tyanaya yty^Hyi 
DHia^a px nirpn d^o fynianya fys^Kj 
,D"V nyi pk .y^yyi lyantj'jyio iyi nya'K 
D'HiKyannK iya^n tyas^Hyi kh fyn 
-p k wz ,t3^yn y:y^ k fyc^y^ Din ~Ka 
■ya lyaH^jya nyi osn -a:n s ; k pk ;iy 
?yT<a yo^ViS kh B^ya^yj Km htk pjki 
•nuiK pa D-,ysjv>*p lyaHo^yiHK cyi pk 
^i) nxn pjKny; nya^^jya -y- .o^TuyD 
bKii 'tain "lya^K c'n-ppn'yj a^saip d^kokh 
y-irrK \wi d^^i -y^yy* ya^^ayo kh pk 
■h'k pk b^pa^ynts i.tk .iyoaKL' , :yp ,, K 
-u:yyi jya^n fyasts^a yo s K kh .nym 
nyj.nya^yp d»b |yjKia kh ^mk toiya 
k pk y^yyr ya^t^ayc kh tk -niartfnn 
~w:"K mn^K tk ;dh^k ny- pa 5>ya^^nQ 
onymya k't tk pk Tfoya lW"t fyoaKB' 
y^yy; yav^ayo kh .(*) a»i"« pk rn^x 
■^a kh oaiy^ya iyaxn ."j^invta^iK pk 
nyi th pk ,tya"S yo^K pa fyajjtT^ 
"x; oyn nyoaiK DaKpya r^x ya^yn -yaytey 



]ia pjgnyj lyrTXTN-"'? iyn taiynyj ^vhn ( 
-.snNii ytyna'N kh ps p« lycisuy yo^« »n 
-ypiDBDytayD) aaiipnasiriy^yy? *".*" > ' lya'ia 



306 



■tQSnplX KH 



28 



on jyaxn vrtv)) ,\vmyv jyn pa Bnrpayj 
*yyi Dtfp tytj»0D^Dya x iv ivdip ojypya 
.jyanyn Dyn pk jyay^ Dxn ,o^yn ypn \y: 
-d^o po x iv onnypyjoix nn iyax,n ya^>yTK 
ny^>DDrp nyDPn: nyn k'ii ^yanln jyt^o 
»\ Km ptk .fKnoyj Dxn oxn ^kbd5>sb 
•jyDm nyn jyjKotnya nx^p on jyasn 
tyntjtn ps o"x nyniK pa oo^a jya^oaKB* 
fyo^x nx:i nyn ix jyorxn n.n ojypyj on 
-n?J nyjPBify ny^r px ^ynn^j fyrynHyn 
ony^pny axii ,jn"a pa ray&5»oy:i k nu jyn 
"kid ynjyjynn kh on onyaojynya px on 
"UK opjis jjn«5 Dnytsnyo ayn jyayn jya 
-xTx^a yo^x kh ,fyjsnHyn yo?x kh kmi 

.y'BKTK^a W»B"ir"J KH I^BK nynx y^a 

on pk isnnyn nyn on tk ,tM«p ay 
■'BD'o nyn on i^bk p« -y^axTx^a nyn 
-re is onytrxB pk m»a pa rwc^y) nyr 
jyeip dxii fyvnyocp kh ps iyTH kh pyn 
ties mo'o&ron nyann^DKJ nyn pa iDTiK 
on ."now nyaHBnyo nyn ps jyoaynp y^x 
iyax^a xh fynyjy^pnya iv onytrxn px »t 
kh oaprnya^x ,jyay> lyan^jyo nyn pa 
P"Pb5k ,tyo^npJKip pa d*hk \vq\p dkii 
iiKpn^oyo pa aau^D nyn n.s: .opo px 
nn 5"Vi ,oaxc:nyDPi KH'isno nn Dxn jyp 
ny y?yyn xh o^o nn oonynxa pHx xp 
p>5>« xn -tyayr px niDKj nyn pa [y:mj»B> 
oaiT px ^"nna |yrH yanxn kh onyrpny 
0">o on fyjwyo ayn jyaryn iv .|ya s yn iv «t 
-pocs>ya on px \y5wn yaHTOKanya^K pn 
ya^yn ,tyono kh o^o in ,y3ya»m y:y; 
-ooya i%: |yvn jyaayna px ,ya s yn \y:y? 
iixpn^oyo oana oxn .jyopxa yoryofy; 

.jypniya i* 

# -X- * 

"B>ay» kh oyT'H ^e kmi px nx^ k , ii 
hix kh 'n ,^xox iiyo^npjxip pa o^n 
-"K'jyo iyaHoya„ nyi oxn iyL":yr3 yo^x 
fix jyiJixii kh o^ny; ,jxo-pvnyo nyn 
,|yv^p o>o yiw 1 ? kh pa |yo^npJKnp 
jytsnyo jyi^n lyoyat" ,til"d px nyayo^Hp 
o^o jyo^npjxip vwi fya^yn iv oanyj 
PK iyoy: kh iv mnnro h ti^.x nnmp 
^K3 p« ,anna h paDyDKpHpxnmna 
tk -onn^y; jya^n jyt'nyo jyii nyoyatr 
,Dnc tie o^hik kh fyj"T jyo^np^xnp 



-»D kh v» »»n ^iHojya^x DKH IV 
kh) yasts^a yaHoaxyjyDnron yum 
iyoDpixo^ in'K ?o^ypniojy (pn^axoyo 
nyiKQ kh .Dior^o^Dys nyn pk Pmonx 
■ynnyjjiK h jyjxoL-iya o^n ya^TK^a yj 
pa B"x nyn px fyg'jyo nyn pa fyi^^ yn 
px yijy kh tx ,fnyry: o^n rix jyayp p»j 
niK nyn px jyan^ .ono nyi pud ^a hid 
yjy s px px y^yyr iyi pa o^panmyo^ 
mx 5«ii nxanyn ojypy: on xn oxn o^yn 
r|yT"iiya tyopxa yaHoax^nyom yr5w£ 
nx; .ynxojKa x pk n^yo yviw kh tk 
I'i x a i y p $ -i c* i y i v J Bijn xu 
]yay^ ,jyn«5 .lypxi&nyn ptxok' — o ^ io 
■pyiB' T'K dk~i I jyanxoL" [xt px tyrH p« 
jyay^ fy^yn ,iyay^ [ytyii nnye ^x: .^h 
iy^yv, .oaxip -wz^mvp lyv^KJ nyi o^o 
px ,py ['k jhk -tyDnyj p,x |yay> jyonya 
! ijh"5 px ryn;H ,|yn«5 jyaynoDy- pa 
px yn x -ojyoK^ x iv>n lyjynnya \yD^yi 
o'ho^x ,iyo^npjxnp ...jyTH iyiy^] jxi 
iyp K'li loaxmyvir p« dkt — o^io px 
^nxnot;> nyi o^o px ? pn o^xoya dkt 
kh oyoa^nya dkii p 1 ^ jyanypio nyn pa 
pi^k t-t oa>H ,fyay> pa jyaju«Bny yriKi 
"K^a fy^^oD^on:ya ayi pa pjxiyj ayi px 
lyroayo Dyi pa ioc lyaHpynt^ nyi «hkt 
1 K J ^DKTiny^tx-- iya^v-y;xna 
?jy^H V£2iu dkt dkti ayniv ?dsu 
dkii ayHiv ? jyny^ y^jxa dk"i dkv, ^x: 
jyp jyaxna ytn ?ipx 'i\yiy c ? iv jy^ii lyn 
tx ,DtfB> aiv oo s ,p ny nKJ -pyaojy on ny 
_ aPK ^xt Dy tk ,pk iyay^ pa ^y^v nyn 

•iynyn 
^jyo ny^ysj^K nyn on ^r^n^OKa 
oyii dk.11 5"vi 'iyay^ iv jynynaPK ?mKn 
-ana px oay^ r^x jyii jyoipDPnK ayn pa 
?inxn cjyo ny^yvj^x nyn ?n , t onya 
pa jyvnyo^ p« dhw y^n ijh"^ ,jyn5n 
pn pa ojyoxo fyny> px nyax -oanxot^ ny 
yanayo y^x o^o jyayno^ ny nnxn jyay^ 
mv jyaynotr ayn |yoannya iv jy^o^D 

•jyay^ 
.DioT^o^Dys nynyn^o nyn ony? ptk 
■»a nynyn^o nyn px yoDnxanyn:nxn dkt 
nxa xnio yDPna kh dxii ,D^n px yaats? 
-axnx jya^n ono fix nyo^y ,tyo'>npjxnp 



29 



iyzy c ? lis* EBKtrayDni 



307 



-jy^v, kh ixntay; taxn dxi tx n$a ,fya 

.B3gB> 

cd *yax ,jyt3KD^Tyi ytaia iwjyii en 
,jjD"*ny iv fyawtfiTyi ytaia aaua^n ny^is 
.nyttfy nyn jyayn yaya^x dxt ,fyaxr jyn iyp 
-aytatroix ytaDya xh nytaaix 1 -iyta^y kh 
-tfna any vita kike naxa wt ta^yta£> jyi 
-»n .^kiip ^jyo iyi uiyn nyta'py nyn *nn 
pn ,jyaynaix iyS-yat? vt jyjyp nya^a y; 
px T'11 l^ypmQ ya"t ^kiip tnyn nysiyp 
px xm jyayuya aana 'its tan t>t \y:y? 
,iyBBDHtyyaa"x tanyn ta-nn pn .-ijy.lv -iyi 
*n px -iyan tatfa dxi ,d»ii nxxn xh 
5yw jyjyp ,taDna atfa ax- nhi ,]viyi% 
ny- pa taaxnp iyn pa lynyvi B-iyay^yaam 
nya iyjwis yan-iya^x sh .DijntSBnstfa 
-nye ny-ix aany-iaynya nyi Tin *pt jy^yiay 
-^ya is ix jya"n px aynya iyn ps aaiaa'a 
-Dayay5 iyM pa aatf'Biy nyn px jy^ 
hx nyi px -laxtatjnx xrx px .epa'taynta 
pa -mxaya -iyn fya-ixmytaaix wiyn nyta 
xh jyDKo ya^yn -jyta^npaxip yayTBnya 
.-iyaHay-itt-iyaix px lya^pyitp ^xa nyta^y 
pa iynyn xh px jyiaiKii xh ixa ,nox 
.typyitr jytrayn ^t lyanxi nyta^y nyn 
-••a px tya^'a^yi xh p/axn ytrpDxn ixa 
,-iyory lyn lya^yn ix [xtayaana tynaxrx^ 
-xc nyanaan px fyx"iy»B> ynrr'K ny-ta^ ix 
?iyay5 D'jy^jyo ayn p,a taaxanxa nyn \yi 
-jy^ jyaxn ^xn x i tan ixa 55a ,e^ ixa 
taax? x px nyta^y xn rx ,taay3y-iya \yv 
jyay^a ,anax maom Dnx ,px jy^y^x ~ixa 
-yaL" lyta^x xn fytanta ^xaa^x yaav xn 
ayn -lytaoyn nyn rx .taayDy-iya jyo taxn nyta 
"Kinjn iv t^x nyn^y xh |yny s y2 ix k^i 
ny- pa D^pojnmi nyi o»o x't ty»yi 
t9vn n?iJD xh ."^y! : 'T' , 'D yi:v pa nyanyp 
noxn nyax ,^»n in lyj^nya o:ypyj ^t 
b»3 i»i« xn i^ax dxh lyo^y ijn lya^yn 

.ojypy^ 
-■•irDjyny? 1 kh .oaxL'jyD'r, x'" ~nj 
ix ixcavx oyay u;ypy; tixn .taBK^yo 
•spiK in dxh xn iynx ."lyo^y nyn jya^yn 
-y:.zx bvj nip int^ yrj^x ytavy^ nh pa 
.nyt^y nyn pa dihido cyi d»d r, ^y; 
"taixa y^yjB' ldvx xn Baxo nyax ^x^iy- 
jnay«y5a ivx fyoifn ix pn ay px ,yta , -i-.;* 



.d'-d: inn ^n jy?"n ix taimsya "t jyaxn 
i^iy^x pa wu^y: jyaxn tyB>3yo px 
-m xh .my^ x jnx ww'iy: ,jyD^npjx-ip 
■ < ?^n yrfyix jyaixinya dxh taax^jyo 
-nyo yaHtoax^jyom ynyix- n -jy^'o 
"itSB> ,-yiriTya cnpjxnp y,y uwiy 1 ? px 
■iya xn -jyDxnix nx yoTvy: -mx dih 
-L":y^ ayi px aaxn xn ya^yn ,'|W3njruj? 
,iyoxBBD ,, D xh rDD^j px nysiyp iyan 
xh px ,iyjypny- xn jyp \y? ya^yn iih 
nox .jy^H xn jyp jyo ya^yn d*d -jyte'D 
y^a jyaxn ;ya pxnyta yant:axr':yani xh 
"iyi3H -^xj fyjya ,iyDmy; in^x ?inx iyaax 
hx^' iiTx pa jyo^xnya v^ }yt3^np:«ip yo 
-jix ryi 1 ^ "=i^j ty^jyo jy^ya px nx |ya 
nyax ;twnp3mp pa \ys-y>2v ywwy: 
xh px \wiyv y2~\yii$D xh axn dxt 
ix ixnoyaanx pw jyaxn prima yjiyixo 
tsiB'B t^x ,ypjxnp pa jyxiyroL" xh jynynjH 
■"npamp yaxo x jyp xn .tyiyuiNiiya ix 
ynyoyna x ^ixj px jyimp anayoB'^a jyo 
-'ay y^j^x .jyDTnyE aHayD^^a yaxo 
-^ay» xh vrtyv pa ,;yo^np:x"iP ytj^iay- 
^xa ny-pH px jyt3'?ya ^xdx cxn en 
pa xn taxn ,iynay? ynayamaiK px taxp 
lyxaxa px oyoa nynay^ yDin^'iPX xh 
-x'xxiyavs; D^'neayoDiyio .jyaynbnya 
toaypya ca nynna taxn iy^ ya^yn pa .;y: 
njn»"T v^vv 'owwi iy^n -tyny^p i^ax 
■o»e y'n xh .paxitayaax^i" pa aaipyntoay 
ny psnyo yaHDax^ayani xh ya^yn ,jy^ 
lyp'itya -lyta^npaxip jyimp ix taanyv, 
lyayay -ln^x ixa .-lynaixv, nya^K "lyiaixn 
^•"pa^ynta pa -iyf?ya y^a ^nayD-axta ^n 
.D'l.imwyo iy-i ~xa ^ti pa -yn^ya yn 
nya'ayn px -lya'ayn ry^x^ ix jyaaiaa^n V": 
i"i iyax"2 ix -ty^ayo ayi pa jyvn xh 
dxt ,yp lyii .^yanpna px nyoya \V2V^ 
?tan dxi tanyDL'-iya nyn nynx .jyayp^nax 

hxe xm ,pn ca !"xt |yn -!:" , 2 xm 
pa jyan^; Dyi px pn tan ^xt jye Daxp 
jyaxn ay^ tan ^xi jyc pixdb' xm .->ytaya 
•ix a^xnynayax nyax |yn na -n fy'ppn ix 
xh tan px jyaxnny-i kh l^: :x -jyaya 
nyoL" h taaxoya nyaana jyaxn jyaxTs^a 
-y5 oay'^ayia ayi px tycnpaxnp pa ;yx 



308 



•BSJlplX N"H 



30 



.nyonyiyajK px ^yny? 5>y>a fynyr 1 yan 
jyii lypusn lyt px dxi ,DayBD3>3yn 
aaiaasn nyt b^d inya *nx-i jyo fya^yn yik 
.-lyB^y ijD^twyo nyi fyaJyn is 
pax^ayDPi xn Baxnaya ptn Bpaia 
rx bpb nyn ,x M .one fyayp yaxia xn 
,yaxiBxnB x px axi .ay^x pa hid "iyi 
jyap^a .fyaiwiya** d^j |yp jyp ya^yr, 
-\yiy x yik rnxa fyaaxn px 6jnyia : x 
-ya B'j px fyjmopya o;j px bxp ,B$yn 
Bapmya^x -lymanx y* dd^ti ,tyrna 
-nYBxa pn? B'J nvn px \ywwo fymKBB* 
px ^xaiv Tin "t lynxac? ^>xd x .bpb [ya 
x pa ayo ayi -p^B^npaxip Yin ^xp x 
oy xpi <iy^aya jyaxn bpb [yanrBxa 
iyrn ay .jy-isrnya iyvjx; px ,Dj"ts> 
xa pa y^ya YBxa ~yt px fxnxs nyax 
2X11 ^y^ayayrya yay' px ,bpb jyanYB 
•iv pn iv fya^i" ,ta no xtx b^d iya~ixBB> 
iyi nyi's jyaaitjnxa y s x .arpx iv B"-iay3 
imjhd iyn jyp tm .tun yix js fyo'H yaxna 
lyii ,nyt3^y yaaitya fix y;:x^ x iyay^ ^xt 
y^a xn px y^bkj tyiyn b^x ^xt iy 
px i^v: pn iy 5xt .jyay^ pa jyin^ 
^xt G^aya iyt -lyaxt vdx^ -tyn ; rnynta 
,t3 , ' , P3' , t3ynt3 b^d 5ia ,in^ 140-120 ]yiy^ 
-nYBxa Y* b$xvi iy px ryay' 1 o^o 5ia 
,bpb pa B"V iyi iv Biynyayaiv -rnnya 
Yt jyay^ fJtfjm pa Bpa^BDa^x iyi b^xp 
pa Bpa^Bea^x |K px jyanyaaix ppiay^an 
lyanYBxa x px ,jyay5 pa axa ny^is x 
-ax^ nyi Ba^xaya b^xp iymxoi" iv l'P'xp 
traya nyn b^xp ixi .\y2y^ jya^vi: px jya 
o^ii ay px tno pnxa Dxnya xno cj 
iv ■^^pynB' ^tx lyr^iyjDnx u*: cn\s t>t 
; oSyvi yanyty xrx tyrx^iya px iya-ixne' 
j't)»o taxi jyiiya ,ay jyo njxt k^ii ,t3^xn iy 

■ \y2y^ 
nyi pa aaij^a nyi px px dxt bx 
yax^avx xn oa^xmnx: jytyDii fyonu 
lya^i^xj nyi iy;yii naxL";ya^n nyi pa 
-yny'? ayi px y^xaixnan jjicbb'-b^ 
yiD^tpjya xn pyn3»o iv : ly^iy^ fyan 
px aaiDamya njn Yin jyxnyoB' px iyn ,,c ' 
'"Yin ly^prnD^y iv ^yta^npaxip pa aai^Ti 
•ya px y^xonxa x jy^B^o ya^B£xir.:yD"n 
•a^nx px .nyo^y ya^vu px ya:^ .ynair 



xn tx ,axn px am^iipnyo .lynxB/iryi 
x n BD^n dxt — jyay^ nyraix px nyB^y 
xn lyoaix jya^my ly^aya ytfy^ nytfy 
B^a px ,jyay^ |ia jyiayB^oix ya^Bvy> 
x Yi3 ,yi:Myi vp B>a ^xanxa pn? 
t^o xpi ^>a ptx px ,y b a x n p a x 1 p 
ya^yn ,|yaxnix xh jyBD^nya jyayp jy^yn 
B^a yd ly^yn ,Baxnpax~ip lyBf-y xn fyDX'2 
pa fyay^ d x 1 ]~\yi a y ^ n y a na 
jysxa -^xa ty^yn yo pihJifi -iytr ayn 
.nnyayaax naxa nyB^y xn 
iv lyin^a tyaaitjnxa ya^Bv^x pa y^x 
•paxnp xn jyayn aany^pny nyiayrx^ 
nya xn .B"v -\yuiK pa nyB^y yyaaxn 
px fyayiiya yayty^nxa xn pa jyaanynay 
,ayi pa ^x fyaa^n nyaiyp jyannyB^y ay- 
jy^yv "iy"is jyBayay^y yiyany^a xn dxti 
-y^y y^y^yn xn fynyvnxe tyaynya xn pa 
a^nz nya xn \w\ px jy^yv -\y-i$ \yo:yt2 
•lyaxaix yayi^'nya xn pa |yayiiya xn px 
yiyiyn xn ^pi ,ixanyn byd«s axi 
jypnKBB'iya iv "t .Baxiiryaax |yiyii iy^yv 
■sd nyi pa yoy^axia yBDa^Ba^i xn px 
irrx y s .x px -Bax^ayD^roayny^ lya-iyi 
.nyaayo yaany^ya ya^Ba^B y^a lyB^aix 
lyBnxa , m Baxpya a^ap^xa jya^r ay 
xn jyaxn^ivax fya^yn ya^yn ,|yDxnix 
-nyayp r^xnsp^x : iypp "t -iy s yv ynyayn 
■•■d xn px B^npaxip - Bna w 
iyn px yt iya'aya y^y^ ,iynxip 
;yrxL*»ya ya^yii px yptrn lyDPia lyrx^via 
.jyBa^a yayYB'iya lyanyp ay" px 
ym pa tx ,aa*a ,i, o njn t s x iispia^ByD 
yidb aana \22ypy' iyo b^sii tyaxnix 'm 
xpi D s,, n!3 tyBDinyD nyax Biyi ny .piyn 
jyaxiP'^ xn pa iy-iyn iibb jyp jyD nrx 
xn tx ,nap s a ny .ypB'^p iyap-ia nyi px 
-ayp nyn .fynxty ^y^a nnyr ,5ya ix bib 
faxa x px ,^v iyrn fya^my iv ptx xpi 
px ayB^xpy^ Bia jyay ?nxn jyo .nyBa^n 
jyviaya spin \vo px aayay yBYtnxnyBD 
^^d? xpi -~ lyaxBL" yD^yrx myv oxn 
,a^ay pa xrx B^xnaay ya'^yii ,^^DnypT 
y-iynax xn .yiyirp ,, Dpxf | bb^h d^ii 
Baxti'yanx Ba^n y^x jyayp jyaxnix ^pv 
Baypya jyD b^xii i^ix xrx yix .{ynyn 
■{j>aub axn px nyaanya -\ytfy xn jyaxD 



31 



fyayb p« tssstyjvD^i 



309 



KH iy?nK*lBB> IV DiTK taa^C tD^ntfjyo 

■jyo nh jyii ,b«s -iyay-^xa -iyjy^ pa pr 
ayaynnaiv px jytaairya x jyay^ jy^jm imp 
px lyvta^n tayn layjv xh 5«m px .fyay^> 
pa \v5*wx xh jyayitacya b»ddk'tvhmjj 
■new px yiJiTyj kh jy^yn ,bbjipw pyi 
ya^tanyiiayaya dxi jyi^uyn yta^x yiyi 
jyaya jyfiyn yaav xh .jyny:? yt^taHxa 
pa nya^x px ny«B dxi taaxt^yiya iy*i 
kh tyayj w^y)) yta^x sh — n:yav nyn 
•lyay^ jyxjKa ny"t pa ajiinsany px noan 
nrx .'v$pi'?i jyay^ iy^m jy^jyo y^x px 
x ^xa ty^yn to awswbvb .axia bd^b> 
tytaax-itaya p»onp px jyinypoix ^t 5x» 
-xa lyony^ya ayn pa ta^anx yama kh 

.nycanxa-nD 



lya^Ttaxa cyi fytpjyio ay- p« tyaay-ia 
jy;jN^ x trn d«*pdkt iy5na pa op:pdd:pk 
oyi tin T^5xa px iyayr lyrtaynta px 
"ixa x |ya-ixt3B> iv bpj'BM'M {ya^-PBKa 

.B'OB lyx-a 
px ptfyv y-iyayn ry^ytatr in \y? urn 
lyn ? lya^pinnya -iv "t pjdb^k inya 
D^ncayn "iyi tyxia yiyay~; [yajpna ;>p 
■Jjni -«h xm fyayiBP px fyny?" -irrx px 
-ya pic "irrx B$n taaxrayam xh ya 
•nxp^actayc -ytaany?ya ly- px ? oama 
pa axo ya^va^x kh ^xyvx pi» p« tanyr 
■ya px fyaHtnyo ayn px aynaxi2 I'npK 
taranxmyn y^yy? p»t .jyay^ jyaHtasx-JT-y: 
-ya pa ^xyT'X fyaiw jyanxi ayn pa v* 
b^b px -tD^naynnaiv pa iyta s y ,o«nwit 
nyi iv y>yyr nyD^'na x pa yay^ nyBay 



lyo^xxixp xh 



ifyrx "a jyopyD pa yoa^ya nyi d^o aana^anya px) 



.pilfi^ x pa 



•y'? d'p^xb ayi px tyaaiaanya y^a lyaxtr 
lyiiya px jyaaoyp i,v yrn jy^ya px ,jya 
"ix^yaa^x ^y^ta iv lya^n »t ?»n ^^vaaix 
jyaaiamx yrtfyrx .|yay^ px lyix^ya o^yv 
"•n ctaxn ,jyTx^ torioya jyo tsxn |ycn px 

.coin pa BD^a px jyiiya o^a ixa jyj«t 
,cdih px yvyrya ^d x xt lya^n ixn 
no jyo ya^yn ,^^B«n o^a jya>n ytfyv, 
\"?> taannnya^x jyaxn yiynax -lyny^p-iy 
-an jyonyaaij »t ^xt jyn jyii ,ta^a ryan 
ya^yii layaTx uns »t Tin jy» .T^ytac 
piB ^d x xt^x oxn jay .lyco^taDnx taix 
■ya p^xa tycnix pa a^anao px d^h nh 
ny dxii -ynynax .onnnyaaix jyrx? one 
tanoya iy taxn ,coin ayn on^ lyaxcya taxn 
-lya^tac jya^yroyn ?inx tayoa jyny^piy 

■tytaDHio^n xh ixntaya jyaxn dxi xn- 
yco'-xxnxp xh t^x ynm nyrn sm« 
-•'vane <m *nx jyiijiiiyj taynanaya jnny5 



JV. 

nyi pa tapaia-taann ny 
pKjnny? nyo^xxixp 
-lyivax ta"»a \y))y) 
-nxtanx x ,_ i \y^yp 
iv px TioJn pa tayta 
■D"a ayi jjnanajp 
jyay^ tycn^x |ya^D 

.coin i'i^iX T^aymann -T'an i'^rix 
jyiiya nyas dxi tw p^dpx-ib tyi px 
yrtfyrx xt lya^r coin px .taD-'p mx ca 
ooxaya ^n jyaxn dxii jyaaians px yvytya 
v™ nnx' layrnta ta-o iy^y? a'p^xa div 
■~iya cia tat^n Ti»5>n nyi .tavy ia s a nyax 
yvyrya yrn [is ?'*»nta x y5yaa"N yayiT 
•"iijByi ^^nta x .taax'L'yaix [yaaiaTix px 
•y^ \yi$n iytan y»a px c;h y^a .bvb 




310 



•tts:ipix KP 



32 



t?"5a ii/d^k .b>"5s fyay tyo8anya iyx3Na 
ixrayn yvyry; yp^NKiKp nh .jyss'Tn pa 

■p^o .jHTiaispe nnyo n;83 iw«t n^lT^ 
n^nnp kh ix n$3 on fyoipnya pn tt pn 
itbn n$a ,t?oin pK wrupnyi tynyn D8ii 
pn iko fy&tsny ayt pa nynj^p kh ix tin 
-top iv : on^n dj>*~ ,a"ii nyotsny iy- 
-i8a o»3 pK .lynna-TOP o^o nyooyncp 
nynrp-n-np p« iyia»p yiyn i^bn •») 
innno on tt |yi80 in ryoiyD nix pa 
(IK iko pa nywspotp ijjsj on p« .pn 
»t iyn i^bk -tt tycpnix jyay^ dkii n"ii 
— |yn-it<;t2L*nv (y3"T nyn* ,oa'ya t* iy3{#n, 
yamynna ny-i pa -iy"iap yiyn tik jyrn 
.jyo82"iya y-iyi:s n ,_ ; ix ya^N noKTM 
n ^83 tk nyo38?a n?k oniK pn paiyi 
tyan^ya on oyns pk n'nn yan^K pa o»si 
iya"! dkii -ty^oKB yt^o^KKiKp "i88B n 
ktn pn pyi3K ny- o^o ny3"K lynya on 
ikt .oaKtp'imno "iy*i8 oaKty'mnp tn$o 
"iya iv pyomK tyaaiKiixya jynya jyis pn 
-ya iya8n myo38^B ya^ytK is .tjnyjuna 
8H £"ii ,yxyry; yB»o>KK-iKp kh oitb 
lyjKgmyB on fya»jtn yiyn nyayaxyrya 
tyiayopoiK rh on ,p^a pa oD^a nyn 
-ntpyaix iyay? ayn iy^?<;n »t -iyay^ n'pa 
pidb nyi onNayaix on pk pidb i'^j jyo 
ony-i38tya iron jyo ryp d^~ .fyay5 mx 
0BKB>yan8 iyn8n "t Dgii -pnron ^5o»i 
-^ny^a k oNnya lyasn ya^yn ,ni^sn y^N 
p« -aaio^iya yipn$BD*n k nyn* jyan tyc? 
"PW9B> -yaypno y-\yi:n o-iroayaa^N lyn^n 
-28 tin tya^n »»? .n^pina p« rn^an yr^? 
ngn jyn sh -- iy"B-naun nyn Dax^y; 
pN jynjy»^o yiDD:nyL" kh \$ \yiyy>ir,v 
.yn$DDVi nyB»TH nyi 
tyjjx^yn ^n nnyo^-iya -tyn^'ii to 
to iy»i ^yo^KNnsp kH iy:yj oaynaiK r« 
tyo"T yom yrr 1 ^ ^ ,_ ; jyr^iij^ tD-»j ty^i 
n^ti jyxoij-oann n %, t .jy^nTB yny^T pa 
ytmio^n sh px tt Daxiay: jyayin »t 
iya^n "t d^ii -nyi p« onyotryn iyT« 
pa iyjn pci^a ayn tynniotJ> jyn^nya 
sn o^ypnioay "T tyn^n nyn spn .""an 
.yaxnati' lyt^xynnyn nyi pa p^kokhj 
tin T^Dy^ty nya^ »t jyj^t nyi p« 
"lis o>o jyoDHiofri xh iyt33"»n jya'f'aya 



,^oin : dd"h dnt ,oan^ ,"iriD» u : tys 
od^h d^t jj*i3»^Tya— "sppti,, (2 ; T'Jn 
■ynj« nyi iia ^kt p>« ty^s? tyonyjD^viK 
;ajiai^nya y^y^ i:yaT» ^n nyn 
-^yrx : oD^n n^*i ,i$'xhk-ib — "naDio,, (3 
p« jyTtDDnpy osn -fyon p« jyaaiam^ ya 
nyn^K jya^T p« n\in in pa fyny^ d'p^b 
aai.Tviy p« ynny? ^in jynijiiya lyayaya 
^s?P^^K"T.k"iik ix DyTnni«-T.K pn 
o^n pyt3HV"Vix p« tn nt^x jynyr to 
lyonyjjj? onoya ynny? ytj^o'KKnsp «h 
nytj^TD^n nyi ns'ii nyopKisa lyn^yroyi 
lyas ^t ny dik .vxny) vqn nir\v:yiv 
on^oya tt jyo o^n ,ya?yr nsn pn on T^p 
-]N nyi tin lynnypoiN rn?a jyaxr y^y^a 
o^no^a 5$t ny ,tynyxmya s N ,b^t "iyiyi 
.oyii: ayay pa lynytonK i'n fyn$n 
p^oya^K p« iya^ jyn^n jyaanynay yvi 
kh -lyay^ tyt^^opNia nyn oinnyn a^ayn 
tyn^iya oaxoya jya"? jyaanynay-oann 
-iya nh p« ,mo nv ,na^ pa q'jh kh pk 
nia^n h p« p« 3"ii p« Ino pa ynno^yn 
tya^n iyaNT y^N yin pn .nano p« t^d 
-ayioty ^ya ynnia nnn y^'o^NxiNp nh 
Tin myiasrya .ytynio^n nh n>ii ly: 
-yo ,, NN"iNp nh jya^n na.^ pa d^h yiyn 
-iya pa a$o n pa ,mo nv n o^yiaNiiyaoiN 
.nmyoiNo pn jyi 1 ^ pa aao n pn ,?yayna 
pa d^iin on lyo^NNiNP kh tyi^o nn^ 
uyTN-on ]yinw\ oisob' iyi p« lyii rtnn 
nso jyo ; pit n pn ^o on jyo n«t) na^ 
t^n ny iyii itbn -typJN^p n jy^M on 
pp lyonNTias. on n$o jyo jT^inya'ya 
"ikb lynsiiya oa^pya iKaKt v>» dkii ,t^b^ 
-as on tyo ino 03N3 «a 3N0>na .nat^ 
iyii i^bk .na n Tin itbk ,oa^ n jyna^x 
"a aKO^na iy"i3ixya38 iyo o«n oa^ D8"i 
■«a 380"*ia .fy3yna on nat^ Dy 18^ -38o 
lyi pK fyxn nyo^KNiNp kp jyno oana 
k^» : pidb pK tanyoB' ay 5»n <nyoD3^3 
on o^8t iiTK) ."na^nu^io ^aa tvK iiyan 
-3i3n8ii yiy^K y^K pn ny^s pp jyna^V38 
"3«k py 08n jyo^panyiitr y^N yrn .(jya 
nh tyoiaya38 t^8n iy 5»ni .ixanyi oin^aya 
pK .jyan tya^ayo^aia lyn pn bpidb 
nnoin oa«oya35<! ny o^n nano pn nt^a 
pN i8a oyoa 08n ny -ryayna k ps i8a 



33 



•ly^NNIRp K"H 



311 



y^>R rh oanmyn'R .5mw iyn *pir ivd 
isnyii dru "nine, pr "hmdib* pa d*jh 
-rirp rh hr \yw>n ,^in p« D3REiyi 
.3rd iWD3"n |'pa nyo'K 
sn iyt^nv ddrh p« D^pjyDmya sn 
nya iwt lyBDHin^n «n D'o lyo^RRiRp 
lyins^ nytnyi3in ,nnn in *pik ryana 

T»K "T jyB"11V IBERp "iyi Rni ,oyi 1R3 

oyn px pr .jyiRiiya d^dbwik pw 
lyo^KKnxp kh ly^n ddrh fyj'ta^rjyaya 
Rm ,-iya^oyn p« iy&>"DR]RB jynya lyo^R 
tr .jyoynyE iyaRn »t .twpDHio^n rh 
,yiyi3R iy:^T tynjur>D yry^nyi yiy^n jyii 
njnna iyt3DHiD!?ri rh d^q iri >n fm»i 

"JH SH pK .DRD£> p>R JIB ,p^RB p^R pB 

jyaRi tyTR y^niD^n rh jyii ,|jtt»n y^yp 
-jijpj^b p« jyaj^RBiya yanpyic? jyts^yj 
lyo^KsnKp rh lyay^a rfyan^ iy>n tb jy3 
»m m ,iHDjyay lyi^yo pa jyDyiDDniR 
-dhp lyvytr >n tr ,r.yTK ya^yn d^ jyj«t 
.jyt3DHiD^n kh iv T>5nj"2 |y^n p« did 
-3RHpy3DnR »? jyn^n 33R3 rtr d^e 
PK lyt^niv ~iy-i RjnyDRpy 1 "a aypta 
nya^ -in tb yDayi ya^iyai^a 13r5>dh 

1RB ,y3RT11R RH jyiiy3 DR1 1R3 PR D3n,1 

ny nyo^R in jyaRn jyo^RRiKp rh drii 
.nynnn-Dp^RB ytPHio^n yiy^r pa tnyt3"ii 
rh iin jyvn iv DRny: riid jyaRn »t 
ytPHin^n rh pa |ya3i35>RaiyB pr nm 
■** ttfrraya »t fyaRi T^t^ia j«p .jyTR 
ir: ."ijnna yn^RBiya pr yavyny: rh 
Phr » » t : taRnya »t lyaRi pjRiy3 p*n 
-jr d>3 jy» ^>rt » m ,3*rm iyay5 u^rt 
I jyTR "pa n^yD >q 5y tyonyj 

VI. 

*«"i«P nyn pa iyny^a^« nyxmp nyi 

-jr iy"t d^d iy»n^iRp yu^ny rh 
jyjRipyj iyn»n yv^s^ iyi jr py nyin^a 

1RT3RO?>R IRBRJinR ^*?K\> PS D'jm^iy RH 

"t lyaRn jyDiRi .o^^n^ pM in jyvytyn is 
tb nnnyj ,]ni"vv) w^p r Dyi:n^y: 
iy^n inR Dny^y^ ryn^n pr Jnw n in 
■••aRjRD x ayoD .Dyayanxyjpmv r ,iya"»B' 
rh Diymy: dri b^s yD^iiya r -ly^y^ fytr 
■nm„ pr "|yD>jjy„ rh fytrniv ^nypjRV 



-B'^Rat? iyi pr .lynya^ ihr^ 'j-y-rn 
■a^yj ny^H^R -iyi p,a yiRnya lya^nRiR 
•iyi DRH yiy%B vv f> xy~\ivn rh iyr, ,yc 
|ypn ,a3i5>pniBjy iyi:y^jy^ rtr is Da»na 
jynRi drti -jyi^R ytpnictfri r ,_ ;yr,y; tri 
-jyi pr lycan yDcyi^ rh oamawDmu 

-jyC'RRIRP RH D^J PR ,D"-X ~VW JIB iyp 

■j«k 'n lynRn lyoiRayi y^R^RD yrosni 
■ya i 11 ^ |y3Ri "t drii -D^oiyi enrpayj 
.nfi'vi 1 pr lyoayo rh b»d inn rh D^ynt^ 
d^ trd fRa nyi tr -jyDR^ya fysRn pr 
DBRtryjnR lynRi «t -ma rh ww'w 
■jnyDD^Hiy yin .jyjyiRi div p^an iy:y^ 
PR ajw^nya yi"'?? nRJ r iy3R fyriRn \vi 
PR miDin yiynnyaaiR rh d»o i^-;-ya 
Din^ay^^R ly^Ri "t drii -ty^^P m»bd"3 
i{j>a p.a ,niD nn p« nn^ pa yvyry; rh pr 
.11 .r .r in \^"! innna pa ,naiD pr 
v. 

r^jn^K i¥ lyn^s'SHSp pa ::na^r sh 

lyaRi lyDDHin^n rh D"»yan^ inR 
lyD^Riiya Diyi:R ^:rj in nyo'RRiKP rh 
rh -lyjR^Hyi yiyuR ^nis rh iv 
■dhp TinR Dpipy; jynRH jyins y^niDi^n 

■RT -DHP DHDiyjRiy^RiIRD pR DHD:yD 

drh a]iD^Ri yanu^a ym .iHi:^a ~r: 

PR DlfDT^DRiRB pB BDRBBWl ntR D'; iy3R 

ya^RB rh tynya t^r Rn Rm ,r:R-ySs:DrR 
•:ir rh pa jJi^uRnyn ynH-i:"B rh pa 
pa ww'py) ty^Rn jyi^R drii ,ajipmiytD 
.iyp^ya yts^RiyoRnRo pr ya^tDDnp rh 
-Dyi^yoya iHDjyay jynRn nyp^RRiRp rh 

1'1R lyDRHRD PR D1DDHP ty^P^y^R "T TR 

-jRiiy ayi pr irirp ayi pr d^u; irb 
Rm ntR ,jyjHyiB drii iya^3 i»a m^ya 
dri .jy^Ryi