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Full text of "The divine covenant fulfilled in the ancestral family history of the Lawrence-Hughes and Eldredge generations of Cape May County, New Jersey"




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Kev. Samutl Lawrence. Rev. I)aiii<.l L. Huslits. I). 1). Hon. (leo. M. J'.Ulrcdgc. 




Mrs. I'tlinira I". Rock Mr, ! luir , \V Husihes. O. Taylor Rock. 




Mrs r.ouisa Kituiev. Mrs. Anna L Harrington C". « ). Harringlou. 




I,. \V Kinney. 



Renl>et\ l-"ostcr. 



Mrs. Saiah I,, f-'ostcr. 



'THE REr'RKSiiX'r^'riVE GKOUF^." 



THE 



DIVINE COVENANT FULFILLED 



IN THE 



ANCESTRAL FAMILY HISTORY 



OF THE 



^.AWREp-HUGHES JINDElDPGE 



GENERATIONS 



OF 



CAPE IVEAY COUN'TY, NEW JERSEY, 



Rev. Daniel Lawrence Hughes, D, D,, 



PETERSBUROH, PA. 



I will be a God, unto thee and to thy seed after thee,"— Gen. 17:7. 
The pronnise is unto you, and to your children " — Acts 2:39. 



d. L. LANDIS, Book AND Job Printer, 

CAPE MAY CITY, N. J. 



INDEX 

TO THE FOLLOWING FAMILY SKETCHES. 



PAGE 



Frontispiece Group (Portraits) - - - - 2 

Preface, - - - - - - -7 

Rev. Daniel Lawrence and Family, . _ _ g-io 

Rev^ Samuel Lawrence and Family, - - 11-18 

Jacob Hughes and Family, _ . _ . > 18-20 

The Eldredge Group (Portraits) - - - - 21 

Jeremiah Eldredge and Family, - - _ _ 21-24 

Aaron Eldredge and Family, - - - - 25 

Joseph Eldredge and Family, - - - - 26 

Capt. William Eldredge and Family, - - - 27-28 

Stilvvell Eldredge and Family, - _ - _ ^9-33 

Hon. George M. Eldredge and Family, - - 34-35 

Ephraim Eldredge and Family, - - . - - 35-37 

James Rainy Hughes Group ( Portraits) - - - 38 

James R. Hughes and Family, - - - - 38-85 

Rev. James M. Edmonds, - . _ . 86-90 

Cold Spring Presbyterian Church (Cut) - - 91-94 

Rev. Daniel L Hughes, D.D., - - - 95-108 

Relatives of Mrs. Elmira W. Hughes, - - 109-117 
Elmira W. Hughes, ----- 1 17-140 

Residence of Rev. D. L. and K. W. Hughes, - - 141 
Children of Rev. Daniel L, and Elmira W. Hughes, - 142-160 
Conclusion, _--.__ jgi 



DBDICATION. 

First, to my own beloved children and grandchildren ; and 
second, to all " my kinsmen according to the flesh," — hoping and 
praying that it may stimulate and encourage them and all their 
generations followed to lead a godly life in Christ Jesus, worthy of 
their pious ancestors, and to the glory of the triune Jehovah — is 
this volume affectionately dedicated, 

By the 

AUTHOR. 



This book is not a novel — fiction — romance, designed merely to 
interest and please. It is a reality, lull of figures and facts to 
instruct, profit and bless, as well as to interest its readers. 

It was originally designed as a biography of the author and his 
family for their more special benefit; but was afterwards enlarged 
to embrace more of their ancestors and relatives, hoping that it 
would be, thereby, more satisfactory and useful. It now embraces 
a THESAURUS of Family Genealogies, both near and remote, and 
will be reliable as a book of reference to all the relatives included 
therein. If some families are more fully recorded than others, it is 
because larger information was sent to the author in answer to his 
inquiries. The facts in tjiis book are as accurate as it is possible 
for them to be. They are drawn not only from memory and from 
oral or traditional history, but especially from fami y Bibles, tomb- 
stone inscriptions and published records. The author has also 
introduced, in this age of science, the photographic art to help 
render the historical sketches the more interesting and satisfactory. 

The FRONTISPIECE GROUP of photographs on page two, is designed 
to represent four families, whose histories are sketched. . Rev. 
Samuel Lawrence, of Lewistown, Pa., represents the Lawrences ; 
Rev. Daniel L. Hughes, D. D., of Petersburg, Pa., represents the 
Hughes family ; Hon. George M. Eldredge, of Abbeville, Louisiana, 
represents the Eklredges, and Mr. Reuben Foster of Baltimor.\ 
r.Iaryland, represents the Fosters. The second group of 
photographs, on page 21, under the pictures of Mrs. Sarah D. 
Lawrence, ihe wife ot Rev. Samuel Lawrence, and their eldest 
son, Samuel F. Lawrence — is called the Eldredge group, illustrat- 
ing the most of the families of the author's uncles by their children. 
The third group of photographs, on page 38, is called the James 
Rainy Hughes GROUP, including the portraits of the author's parents 
and the most of their children. An accurate engraving of the old 
Brick Church, at Cold Spring, and its beautiful cemetery where 
the most of our ancestors and relat.ves lie buried until the resur- 
rection morning, will be found on page 91, and another one, also, 
of the late residence of the author and his fami y, in Traer, Tama 
Count)', Iowa, will be found on page 141 — all which, it is believed, 
will increase both the value and the interest of the book. 



The author hopes that the readers of this volume will exercise 
clemency towards him. First, because its history is so much of a 
personal matter that he may have unwittingly erred in presenting 
its details with an overweening partiality. Second, because while 
it has coet him a great deal of time, research and care, it has been 
prepared amidst his constant pulpit and pastoral work, and in 
feeble health, besides many outside labors, necessarily rendering the 
volume imperfect. Rut it has been his heart's desire and prayer to 
God that the book may bring honor to his Master, and be encour- 
aging and helpful to the |)resent and future generations of all those 
who read it. God's promises are, '' The mercy of the Lord is from 
everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his right- 
eousness unto children's children, to such as keep his covenant, 
and to those that remember his commandments to do them." Psalms 
103:17,18. The author is not anxious for his relatives to possess 
earthly wealth, honor or pleasure ; but his soul longs for them to 
be wholly the Lord's — in person, family and estate — to be conse- 
crated to Him, in their entire being and ini^uence. So that for them 
to live it shall be Christ, that the advancement of His kingdom and 
glory shall be the ruling motive of their hearts and lives, and then 
for them to die it shall be gain. To aid in this, or to help intensify 
it, is the object and inspiration of these sketches. And he has been 
encouraged in preparing them also by looking at the past as well 
as at the future, and weaving into it a brief history of the godly 
lives of our ancestors — as an unbroken family in their Christian 
character and influence. 

" Let children hear the mighty deeds, 

Wliich God performed of old, 
Which in our younger years we saw. 

And which our fathers told. 
He bids us make his glories known, 

His works of power and grace, 
And we'll convey his wonders down, 

Through every rising race. 

Our lips shall tell them to our sons, 

And they again to theirs. 
That generations yet unborn, 

May teach them to their heirs. 
Thus shall they learn in God alone 

Their hope securely stands, 
That they may ne'er forget his works. 

But practice his commands." 

DANIEL LAWRENCE HUGHES. 



ANCESTRAL HISTORY. 



•t-^t^'^*^^' 



\» 



N entering upon this genealogical and historical outline of my 
cv^ Ancestors and Relatives, I shall present three distinct families. 
^ The Lawrence familv. 

The Hughes family. 

The Eldredge family. 

They will be considered in the following particulars. 

I. On the Lawrence side of my great grand parents. 2. On 
the Hughes side of my great grand parents. 3. Of my grand 
parents on my father's side, and his brothers and sisters. 4. Of 
my great grand parents and my grand parents on my mother's 
SIDE, and her brothers. 5. My parents' children. 6. My own 
CHILDREN and their families. 

REV. DANIEL LAWRENCE. 

My great grand parents, the Rev. Daniel Lawrence and his 
Avife Sarah Lawrence, had two children — My grandmother, Ann 
Lawrence, father's mother, who married Jacob Hughes, of Cape 
May; and her brother, Daniel Lawrence, father of Rev. Samuel 
Lawrence. I do not know the occupation of Daniel Lawrence, 
nor whom he married, nor where he resided, but I suppose in 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

My great grandfather, the Rev. Daniel Lawrence, was born 
on Long Island, in 17 18, and died at Cape May, New Jersey, April 
14, 1766, in the 48th year of his age. Heat first learned the trade 
of a blacksmith, but afterwards received an education for the minis- 
try at the celebrated " Log College," in Bucks County, Pa., estab- 
lished in 1726, by the memorable Rev. William Tennet, Sr. His 



10. 

college was the first literary institution for the training of young 
men for the ministry west of the Hudson River. It was the germ 
of Princeton College, and was remarkably useful in educating many 
eminently godly, talented and devoted ministers, such as Samuel 
Finley, William Robinson and others, in the early part of our 
history. After completing his college course, Mr Lawrence was 
taken on trial by the New Brunswick Presbytery, on September 
II, 1744, and was licensed at Philadelphia, May 28, 1^5. In the 
Fall, Newton and Bensalem congregations, Bucks County, Pa., 
asked for his ministerial labors. So did Upper and Lower Beth- 
lehem, Hopewell and Maidenhead. At the request of the church 
members of the Forks of the Delaware, he was sent. May 24, 1746, 
to supply them for a year with a view to settlement, and in Oc- 
tober a call was presented to him. He was ordained April 2, 1^7, 
and installed on the third Sabbath of June following. The Forks, 
North and West, had been favored with a portion of Brainerd's 
labors, and were by no means an unpromising field, having many 
excellent and pious families. But it was a laborious field, a wide 
tract of fifteen miles lying between the two meeting houses. Mr. 
Lawrence was not robust, and for his health he was directed to 
spend the Winter and Spring at Cape May. In the year 1752, the 
church here gave him a call to become its pastor, and his health 
still continuing feeble, he accepted their call, was dismissed from 
his former charge, removed to Cape May, began his labors there in 
1752, and after a long delay was installed June 20, 1754, by a com- 
mittee consisting of Revs. Hunter, Chestnut and Beatty. It is 
said, that on account of his ill health, Mr. Lawrence had, in preach- 
ing, to speak low, slow and short. He was a pious and faithful 
minister of the gospel, and after fourteen years of useful labors he 
died and was buried among his people in the Cold Spring grave- 
yard. On his tombstone is the following appropriate and affecting 
verse : — 

In yonder sacred house I spent my breath, 
Now silent, mouldering here I lie in death . 
Those silent lips shnll wake and yet declare, 
A dread amen to truths, they punished thete. 

My GREAT GRANDMOTHER, Sarah Lawrence, was born in 1723, 
died at Cape May, N. J., and was buried there in the Cold Spring 



11. 

grave yard by the side of her husband. The inscription on her 
tombstone is very brief. It is simply, "Mrs. Sarah Lawrence, died 
January 20, 1768, age 45 years." She, however, lived for the Lord, 
died in the Lord and is now forever with the Lord. She rests from 
her labors and her works do follow her. 

Rev. Samuel Lawrence, grandson of the Rev. Daniel and Sarah 
Lawrence, ^nd my second cousin, was born in Philadelphia, Pa., 
December 28, 1795, and died in Lewistown, Pa., August 30, 1875, 
aged seventy-nine years, eight months, and two days. On his 
tombstone is inscribed, " I have glorified thee on the earth ; I have 
finished the work which thou gavest me to do." The following 
from his pen, written at Cape Island, New Jersey, May 30, 1838, is 
takpn from the album of Mrs. Elmira W. Hughes, by whose 
parents he was often cordially entertained when preaching for the 
pastor of the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church ; it is quoted here 
to shjw his conscientious habit of trying always to say or do 
something instructive and useful. 

THE RAINBOW. 

"You remember, Elmira, that last evening we saw upon the 
bosom of a dark cloud which hung over the ocean a well defined 
rainbow. You are familiar with the material causes that are a.*^- 
signed for this splendid and beautiful sight, upon which we look 
with pleasure at all times, especially at the close of day. and you 
have no doubt often heard the simple couplet : 

" The rainbow at night, 
Is the seaman's delight." 

It is so because, in general, he is assured by it that the morrow 
shall be propitious to his voyage. 

But a believer in divine relation should look upon the rainbow 
with peculiar emotions, as the pledge from age to age of the benev- 
olence and faithfulness of our covenant God. " I do set (says He), 
my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant 
between me and the earth, and the waters shall no more become a 
flood to destroy all flesh." 

This assurance adds brightness and beauty to the " bow in the 



12. 

clouds." The prophet Ezekiel 1:26,28, makes a statement that 
gives " the particolored bow " still greater interest in the eye of a 
Christian. In the sublime vision he had of the majesty and power 
of God, he saw upon the throne the likeness of a man, (we believe 
the man Christ Jesus), and says, as " the appearance of the bow 
that is in the cloud in the day ot rain, so was the appearance of the 
brightness round about. This was the appearance of the likeness 
of the glory of the Lord " 

You are aware that the various colors so sweetly blended in the 
rainbow, and thus rendered so agreeable to the eye, are but another 
form of the solar light, which if we were to look upon it as it pro- 
ceeds from the unclouded orb of day would dazzle us to blindness. 
What a beautiful thought then does the language of the prophet 
furnish us ! We, guilty creatures, durst not look upon an absolute 
God, for he is a consuming fire, but how mild, how sweet is the 
light of the knowledge of his glory in the face of Jesus Christ! 

Whenever then, friend Elmira, you look on the rainbow, think 
of the faithfulness of the God of nature, and intrust yourself to his 
protection. Think of the grace of the God and Father of our Lord 
Jesus Christ and rely on his mercy. 

Thus whatever storm-cloud shall darken your earthly prospects 
you may be assured all will be well, and when at the close of life's 
brief day the gloomy shade of death shall spread over you, the eye 
of faith shall discern the rainbow of hope thrown across it, the 
pledge that a morn shall succeed to you. 

Where all is sinless, bright and blest, 
And sweetly flows the stream of love and joy. 
Still springing from the throne of God, 
Who lives and reigns forever." 

I also record here the following true and tender verses composed 
by Mr. Lawrence, and written in his own hand writing. They 
were sent to me August 29, 1890, by his daughter Mrs. Sarah 
H. Thompson, of Milroy, Pa. 

She rests — a fond mother is gone, a 

Her smile, it will greet us no more, 
Her spirit has found its reward 

Where pleasures shall reign evermore, 



13. 



No tear can o'ershadow the eye, 

No sigh shall e'er trouble the breaSt, 
But freed from the trials of earth 

In peace her rapt spirit shall rest. 

Thou hast left us, no more to return, 

Grief casts its deep shadow around. 
No more shall my mother's fond voice 

In love's sweetest accents resound. 

The heart's deepest fountains are stirred, 

Tears, tears in their bitterness flow, 
Ah ! who but the soul thus bereaved 

Can the depths of such loneliness know? 

'Great Father ! to Thee we resign, 

Thou gavest, and takest away, 
■We seek for a shelter in Thee, 

Oh ! shine with Thy soul cheering ray. 

Our loss is her infinite gain, 

G! grant us thy heavenly love. 
That we, when life's journey is o'er. 

May meet our dear parent above. 

A mother her mission has filled, 

Her life sheds a heavenly ray, 
Her labors of love are all o'er, 

She has passed from her duties away. 

How bright to look back and behold 

The path which tke Ohnstian has tiod; 
How sweet is the sleep of the just 

Who rest in the smile of their God. 

The Presbyterian, of June 2. 1873, published the following 
facts in reference to Mr. Lawrence : " It has been the custom of 
the General Assembly, after the necrological list has been read, to 
engage in prayer with one of the oldest members. On Monday 
morning this prayer was offered by Rev. Samuel Lawrence, a ven- 
erable member from the Presbytery of Huntingdon. The solemn 
hush throughout the auditorium as the aged man rose in his place, 
cannot be described. Before the echoes of his trembling voice 
had ceased, there was a feeling deeply impressed upon the audi- 
ence that the speaker would never again be able to attend the 
sessions of the General Assembly, and that his name, before many 
years, will be read to this great assembly in the list of those gath- 
ered to Abraham's bosom." The following obituary of him was 
f ublislied in The Presbyterian of 1875. 



14 



REV. SAMUEL LAWRENCE. 

" The Rev. Samuel Lawrence, a member of the Presbytery of 
Huntingdon, lately deceased, was born in the city of Philadelphia, 
December 28, 1795. His parentage was respectable, though per- 
haps not wealthy. He early became a member of the Second 
Presbyterian Church in the city of his birth, then under the co- 
pa^toral care of the Rev. Drs. Green and Janeway. If he became 
a member of the church while Dr. Green was a co-pastor, then it 
must have been before he was seventeen years of age. However, 
he early devoted himself to the work of the ministry, and having 
completed his collegiate education, as is believed, at the College 
of New Jersey, Nassau Hall, Princeton, he entered upon a course 
of theological studies in the Theological Seminary, in the same 
place, Drs. Alexander and Miller being then the sole Professors. 

He was licensed to preach the gospel by the Presbytery of 
Philadelphia in the spring of 1823. For a year after his licensure 
he served as stated supply to the united congregations of Bridgeton 
and Greenwich, N. J. Upon the separation of these churches the 
next year, he was called to the pastoral charge of the latter, and 
was ordained and installed by the Presbytery of Philadelphia in 
November, 1824. Here he continued to labor with success and 
acceptability until 1847 — twenty four years — at which time his 
pastoral relation was dissolved on account of failing health. 

After performing missionary service within the bounds of the 
Presbytery of West Jersey, as his health permitted; in j 849, he 
visited some of the vacant churches in the Presbytery of Hunting- 
don, particularly the congregation of Perryville, (now called Milroy), 
just made vacant by the resignation of the Rev. James Nourse. In 
the spring of 1850 a call from that congregation was presented to 
Presbytery for his pastoral services, which was accepted, and he 
was duly installed its pastor. 

This congregation he continued to serve till the spring of 1857, 
when he resigned the charge, with a view to facilitate the union of 
Milroy and East Kishacoquillas in one pastoral charge, whigh was 
then under consideration, as supposed. This was the last pastoral 



15. 

relation he sustained, but he continued to act as Presbyterial mis- 
sionary till near the time of his death, when the infirmities of old 
age forbade his traveling much from home. 

Father Lawrence was naturally ot a ver}' amiable and pleasant 
disposition. But his chief excellency was his eminent piety. This 
was manifest at all times and in all places. As a preacher, he was 
faithful and instructive. Being a man of great simplicity of manner, 
in and out of the pulpit, he made no pretensions beyond what might 
readily be discovered in him by any sensible hearer. The unpre- 
tending simp icity of his manner in the pulpit, no doubt, caused 
many to under-estiraate his pulpit performances ; but all gracious 
souls were edified and comforted. He was highly esteemed in the 
families of God's people, and by all serious persons. Especially 
was he a welcome visitor in the house of mourning. Gentle, 
sympathetic, and wise, he was especially fitted to counsel and direct 
the sick and the dying. 

In the proper work of a minister and a pastor he was unusually 
laborious and self-denying till the very end of his life. In extreme 
old age he would travel through heat and cold to supply a few 
destitute and scattered people, preachmg oftentimes three sermons 
on the Sabbath, after ^raveling in the roughest conveyances, over 
the roughest roads, and often on week days. If ability as a preacher 
consists in a thorough understanding of the doctrines of the gospel, 
as taught in the Bible and exhibted in the Westminster Confession 
of faith and m the Catechisms, Larger and Shorter, and a hearty 
■consent to and love for them, then was Father L'ovrence a very 
capable expounder of the Word. 

As a presbyter he was always very efficient, and in his relations 
to the brethren kind and courteous. He had no taste for contro- 
versy, but was always found true to the doctrines and order of the 
Church. He was mtimately acquainted with the rules of discipline 
and order of ecclesiastical business, and was, therefore, well quali- 
fied to counsel and advise in the courts of the Church. 

Mr. Lawrence was a minister of more learning than, perhaps, has 
been generally attributed to him, more especially on those subjects 
that pertained to his life-long work. In Ecclesiabtical History, 
Church Government and Theology, his knowledge was accurate, 
£;.:Tiiliar and extensive. 



After resigning his last pastoral charge, he fixed his family 
residence at Lewistown, Mifflin County, Pa. His last public ap- 
pearance was on the street of that town on the Sabbath afternoon; 
but one before his death, when he addressed a crowd who seldom 
if ever attended the services of the sanctuary. The next day, or 
very shortly afterwards, he. was seized with the disease which 
terminated his long and useful life. His disease was bilious diarrhoea. 
His sickness lasted only ten days, without any acute suffering. His 
end was, like his life, very peaceful. He died on the 30th day of 
August, 1875, in the eightieth year of his age ; and his funeral took 
place on Thursday, the 2d of September, attended by a goodly 
number of his ministerial brethren of several denominations, and a 
large concourse of people. Father Lawrence was married early in 
his ministerial life to Miss Fithian, of New Jersey. This excellent 
woman died several years before her husband, leaving him with a 
family of ten children, most of whom are daughters. 

Nothing remains further to say but — " Blessed are the dead who 
die in the Lord from henceforth ; yea saith the Spirit, that they 
may rest from their labors ; and their works do follow them." "Well 
done, good and faithful servant;" the labor and the suffering are 
over ; now the crown 1" 

Mr. Lawrence had two sisters, Deborah and Catharine. They 
both died in Philadelphia. He was married in Philadelphia, January 
3, 1825, to Sarah Dare Fithian, b}^ the Rev. Dr. Janeway. 

Mrs. Sarah D are Lawrence, the daughter of Samuel and Sarah 
Reeves Fithian, was born in Roadstown, Cumberland county, 
New Jersey, May 10, 1807, and died in Lewistown, Pennsylvania, 
September 5, 1868, aged 61 years, 3 months and 25 days. The 
inscription on her tombstone is, "I know whom I have believed, 
and am persuaded that He is able to keep that which I have com- 
mitted unto Him against that day." I here transcribe the following 
appropriate published record of her: 

Died — " On the 5th inst.,at Lewistown, Mifflin county. Pa., Mrs. 
Sallie D. Lawrence, wife of the Rev. Samuel Lawrence, in the 
sixty-second year of her age, after a short but severe illness. She w'as 
distinguished, during a married life of forty-four years, as the 
efficient helpmeet of her husband in his pastoral duties ; as a faithful 
and affectionate mother ; as a friend to the poor ; as a tender and 



17. 

skilful nurse among the sick and suffering; and as ready for every 
good work. During the late civil war she took a prominent part 
in those labors of love, by which the females of our land accomplished 
so much for the relief and comfort of our suffering soldiery. Such 
was the nature and effect of her last disease, as to render her unable 
to converse much herself, or even to listen to what was said by 
others. Once, during a more than usual season of relief from pain, 
on being asked if she knew her husband, who was then standing 
by her, she replied, '' Yes ; I know my husband, and I know my 
Heavenly Father, and my gracious Saviour, in whom I trust, and 
whose blood cleanseth from all sin." Other expressions of a similar 
kind were made by her down to the closing scene, which was calm 
and peaceful ; but she needed not these things to certify her Christian 
character. Her religious life had always been marked more by 
deeds than words, and many precious recollections of these are 
cherished by surviving relatives and friends. She leaves behind 
her a husband and a large family of children, who, while mourning her 
departure, desire to feel grateful to God that she was spared so long 
to them. " Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord, from 
henceforth ; yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their 
labors, and their works do follow them." 

The children of the Rev. Samuel and Sarah D. Lawrence were 
eleven — eight daughters and three sons. 

1. Mary Elizabeth Lawrence, was born in Greenwich, N. J., July 
20, 1826. She was married to Theodore W. Young, January 13, 
1847. He is a coal dealer, and lives in Trenton, N. J. They are 
both members of the church. They have had six children, but 
only two are living. 

2, Sarah Hart Lawrence, was born in Greenwich, N. J., Septem- 
ber 5, 1 828. She was married April 6. 1854, to William J. Thompson, 
of Milroy, Pa. They were both members of the church, Mr, 
Thompson died in Sunbury, Pa., September 16, 1877, after which 
his family moved back to their own home in Milroy. They had 
two children, one son, Harvey, and one daughter, Kate L. Harvey 
was eleven years in' the store at Logan, Pa. But for the last year 
he has been at Everett, Bedford County, Pa., in charge of the 
grocery department of a large store there. Kate L. resides with 
her mother at Milroy, Pa. 



18. 

3- Samuel Fithian Lawrence was born February 30, 1831. He 
was married November 23, 1865, to Emily Seeley Fithian, of 
Greenwich, N. J. They have no children. 

4. Jacob Janeway Lawrence was born September 5, 1833, and 
died July 31, 1840, at Roadstown, N. J. 

5. Martha Janeway Lawrence was born January 20, 1836. She 
was married to William John McManigal, of Milroy, Pa., Decem- 
ber 22, 1858. He lives in Orbiston, Ohio, and is manager of the 
furnace there. They have had six children. All are living but one. 

6. Harriet Love Lawrence was born January 22, 1838. She was 
married to Benjamin F. Harding, of Clayton, N. J,, May 14, 1866. 
They now live in Bridgeton, N. J., and have five children. Mr. 
Harding is a ruling elder in the Presbyterian Church there. 

7. Rebecca Fithian Lawrence was born March 5, 1840, and was 
married July, 1877, to William Brunyate, of Port Norris, N. J. He 
is an oyster dealer. They now live in Bridgeton, N. J., and have 
one child. They are both members of the church. 

8. Margaret Freeman Lawrence was born October 4, 1842, and 
was married to Thomas D. Parker, a merchant in Lewistown, Pa., 
February 11, 1867. She died September i, 1882. 

9. Catharine Dunlap Lawrence was born May 31, 1847, ^"^ 
was married to Thomas W. Hamilton, November, 1875. They are 
now living in Harrisburg, Pa., and have four children. She is a 
member of the church. 

10. Anna Howell Lawrence was born October 27, 1848, and 
was married to Lewis D. Sheppard, July 27, 1870- He is a mer- 
chant in Keokuk, Iowa. They have four children, and are both 
members of the church. 

11. Robert Fithian Lawrence, the youngest child, was born at 
Milroy, Mifflin County, Pa., June 4, 1851. He was married to 
Virginia Hitchcock, at Lock Haven, Pa., September 30, 1880. He 
is a merchant in Renova, Pa. 

The total number of children and grandchildren of the Rev. 
Samuel Lawrence is forty, of whom thirty-one are now living. 

JACOB HUGHES. 

My great grandfather, on the Hughes side, was Jacob 
Hughes. He was born, according to the inscription on his tomb- 



19! 

stone in Cold Spring cemetery, in i/ii, and died September 28,- 
1772, aged sixty-one years. 

My great grandmother, on the Hughes side, was Priscilla 
Hughes. She was born, according to the inscription on her tomb- 
stone in the Cold Spring cemetery, in 17 10, and died September 
21, 1758, aged forty eight years. 

My grandfather, Jacob Hughes, was born August 9, 1746, and 
died March 20, 1796, aged forty-nine years, seven months, and 
eleven days. On his tombstone in the Cold Spring cemetery are 
the following impressive words : 

" Mortals who chance to tread this sacred spot. 
Look on my tomb and read the human lot, 
Your flesh like mine, must reunite with clay, 
To worlds unknown your spirits soar away, 
I've gone before and you must come behind, 
Depart from hence and keep this thought in mind." 

My grandmother, Ann Lawrence, (daughter of the Rev. Daniel 
Lawrence) was born August, 1753, and, after my grandfather's 
death she married Jeremiah Edmonds, and died November 27, 
1 8 17, aged sixty-four years and three months, and was buried in 
the Cold Spring cemetery. 

The Hugheses were early, prominent, and well to-do, settlers in 
Cape May County. The original settler by this name was, proba- 
bly, Humphrey Hughes, who, with others, purchased of Doctor 
Coxe about 540 acres of land as early as 1689. ^^ located on the 
Bayside of the Lower township, being probably the father of David 
Hughes, Sr., and the great grandfather -of the late Daniel B., David 
and Beulah Hughes, of Cold Spring, as also the father of Humph- 
rey Hughes and his descendants of Cape Island. 

Different persons, however, of the name of Hughes, not related 
to each other, came to Cape May County at an early day and 
belong to the old settlers. 

I remember hearing my father say that there were four brothers 
by the name of Hughes who emigrated from Wales to this country 
and that one of them, his grandfather, Jacob Hughes, settled in. 
West Jersey, in the Lower township. His own father's name was 
Jacob Hughes, an influential man in society and in the church. He 
owned five farms, and when he died he left them to his heirs. 



30. 

The children of my grandparents, Jacob Hughes and Ann 
Lawrence Hughes, on my father's side, and including his brothers 
and sisters, were Jacob, Daniel, Mary, Jeremiah, Elizabeth and 
James Rainy. 

1. Jacob Hughes, the oldest child, was born about 1777, and 
died about 1830. He married and had one son, Jacob S. Hughes, 
who was born in 1803, and died in 1835. Among the early State 
Military Commissioners of New Jersey, I see that Jacob Hughes, 
as a Cape May man, was commissioned Lieutenant June 23, 1798. 
His son, Jacob S., married Rebecca Crawford, of Cold Spring. 
They had one daughter, Mary Higbee Hughes, who married 
Joseph Russell, and had eight children, four of whom, viz : Joseph^ 
Mary, Charles and George are living. Joseph married, has a 
family and lives in Cold Spring. Mary married William Ruther- 
ford, has a family, and lives in Cold Spring. The two younger 
sons live with their mother, who, a widow, married William Trader. 
Their residence is at Holmesburg, Pa. After Jacob S. died, his 
widow married Stilwell Stevens. They had twelve children, of 
whom six are living — one son and five daughters. 

2. Daniel Hughes, M. D., the second son, was born in 1779, and 
died July 3, 1815, aged thirty-six years. He married and had two 
sons. 

3. Mary Hughes the oldest daughter, married John Bennett, a 
Pilot, Their children were WiUiam, Mary Ann, Charlotte and 
Louisa. 

4. Jeremiah Hughes, the third son, was born in 1783, and died 
February 23, 18 15, aged thirty-two years. 

5. Elizabeth Hughes, the second daughter, married John Church. 
Their children were Sophia, Rhoda and Arabella. 

6. The sketch of my father, James Rainy Hughes, will be found 
on page thirty-eight of this history. 

The above is the Ancestral Record on my father's side. 




Mrs, Sarah I), Lawrence. Samuel !•'. I.awreii 





Francis S. Kldredge. Charles H HUiredge. Kihvard I,, l^ldredge. 




William A. Kldredge. Miss Mary Emma Kldredge. Miss Samaria A. Kldredge. 



THE KLlDREDGEi GROUP'. 



21. 

JEREMIAH ELDREDGE. 

It has been stated that, in the early history of New Jersey, 
Jeremy Eldredge was sent over from England by the King to adjust 
the l^nd estates of the Lower part of New Jersey. 

The Ancestral Record on my mother's — Eliza Eldredge Hughes 
— side, is as follows ; 

My GRANDFATHER, Aaron Eldredge, Sr., son of my great grand- 
father, Jeremiah Eldredge, was born June 13, 1771. He was 
married to Hannah Langdon, June 17, 1792, at Cape May County, 
N. J., and died August 21, iSiQ.aged forty-eight years, two months 
and eight days. He was buried with his fathers in the Cold Spring 
grave yard. Among the early State Civic Commissioners of New 
Jersey, I find that my grandfather, Aaron Eldredge, as a Cape May 
man, was commissioned Surrogate July 31, 1801, and Coroner 
October 16, 1802,. 

My grandmother, Hannah Langdon Eldredge, his wife, was born 
December 21, 1774, and died June 6, 1836, aged sixty-one years, five 
months and fifteen days, and was buried by the side of her husband. 
She was a prudent, industrious and generous Christian woman. She 
often visited her only daughter, my mother, and we children always 
watched the big pocket in the right side of her dress ; for it was 
always well filled with something good, which she always distributed 
among us with a smiling face. When a girl she attended the 
Moravian school at Bethlehem, Pa., and graduated there. She is 
said to have been the first lady in the Lower township of Cape 
May county, that had a carriage to ride in. 

The children of my grand parents on my mother's side, and 
including her brothers, were Jeremiah L., Aaron, Eliza (an only 
daughter), Joseph, William, Stilwell, George and Ephraim. 

I. Jeremiah Leaming Eldredge, the first child of Aaron and 
Hannah L. Eldredge, was born at Cape May county, July 14, 1793. 
He was married to Harriet Tomlin at Goshen, Cape May county, 
August 16, 1821, and died suddenly of cholera, July 10 1849, aged 
fifty-five years, eleven months and twenty-six days. He was buried 
in the Cold Spring Presbyterian church yard. The following 
inscription is on his tombstone — 



33 

" Weep not for me, my wife and children dear, 

I am not dead, but only sleeping here ; 

Our parting's short, we soon shall meet again, 

There sighing ne'er shall come, nor death e'er reign." 

Harriet Tomlin Eldredge, his wife, daughter of Wilham and 
Sarah Tomlin, was born in Cumberland county, N. J., December 3, 
1805, She died October 23, 1863, aged fifty-seven years, ten 
months and twenty days, and was buried in the C Id Spring church 
yard. The following is inscribed on her tombstone: 

OUR MOTHER. 

" All heart could wish lies buried here. 
Of mother, wife, or friend sincere; 
From day to day she meek'.y trod, 
In duty's path and served her God." 

The following are the names, births, and histories of their twelve 
children. 

1st. William Tomlin Eldredge, the first child of Jeremiah L. and 
Harriet T. Eldredge, was born at Cape May, N. J., October 19, 
1822, and died December 4, 1888, aged sixty-six years, one month and 
fifteen days. He was a Delaware Bay and River Pilot, and followed 
this business for a living until his death. He was married to Arabella 
Corson, of Petersburg, N. J. When he died, he left, besides his 
wife, six children, all married as follows : — 

(i). Stilwell Eldredge, who is in government employ at the Life 
Saving Station at Cape May Point. He married Ella Hand. They 
have no child living. 

(2). Ellis Corson Eldredge. He is a Delaware Bay and River 
Pilot. He married Emma Robinson. They have two children — 
Flora Keler Eldredge and Elsie Dinsmore Eldredge. 

(3). Lewis Eldredge. He is assistant at the Cape May light 
house. His first wife was May Harris. They had two children — 
one son, Harold Eldredge, and one daughter, Ida May Eldredge. 
His second wife was Miss Weeks. 

(4). Walter Eldredge. who is engaged in the grocery and fruit 
business at Haddonfield, N.J. He married Mrs. Kate Crcsse Worth. 
They have one child, Walter Eldredge. 

(5). Livingston Eldredge. He is by trade a carpenter. He 
married Judith Hoffman. They have one daughter, Florence 
Eldredge, and reside at West Cape May, 



23. 

(6). Elizabeth Eldredge, who married Williara Hemsley, a 
wheelwright and painter. Thev live at Bridgetcn, N. J., and have 
five children, May, Raleigh, Joseph, Harriet and William Hemsley. 

2d. Samuel Eldredge was the second child of Jeremiah L. and 
Harriet T. Eldredge, and was born March 30, 1824, and diedx\pril 
26, 1824. aged twtnty-six days. 

3d, Eliza Ellen Eldredge, the third child of Jeremiah L. and 
Harriet T. Eldredge, was born June, 1825, and died, but there is 
no record of her death. 

4th. Eliza Eldredge, the fourth child of Jeremiah L. and Harriet 
T. Eldredge, was born August 7, 1826. She married Humphrey 
Hughes, Jr., of Cape May City, who was also a Delaware Bay and 
River Pilot. They have two children, Adrian Bateman Hughes 
and Harriet Eldredge Hughes. Adrian B. married a lady at 
Wilmington, Del., and she and their two children reside there. He 
himself is chief engineer ot an ocean steamer trading on the Pacific 
ocean. Harriet E. married Michael Augustus Lengert, a merchant 
in Philadelphia, Pa. They have four children, tw^o sons and two 
daughters. 

5th. The fifth child, a son of Jeremiah L. and Harriet T. Eldredge^ 
was born October 17, 1828. No name was given it; it died 
December 24, 1828, aged two months and seven days. 

6th. Charles Eldredge, the sixth child of Jeremiah L. and Harriet 
T. Eldredge, was born February 18, 1830. He learned the carpen- 
ter's trade, and married Elizabeth Tomlin, of Goshen, Cape May 
county. They bought a farm near Shiloh, Cumberland county, N. 
J., and still occupy it. They have lost, I think, two children, and 
have the following five now livins — Jennie, the wife of Samuel 
Craig ; Judith Tomlin Eldredge, unmarried ; Abbie, the wife of 
John Harris, of Shiloh ; Hattie Eldredge, not yet married, and 
Paul, the youngest, a son of about 20 years of age. 

7th. Jeremiah L. Eldredge, the seventh child of Jeremiah L. and 
Harriet T. Eldredge, was born November 21, 1831. He is also a 
Delaware Bay and River Pilot, and is now following it for a liveli- 
hood. He married Mary Marshall of West Philadelphia. They 
have three children now living, viz. : — Ida May Eldredge, born 
September 12, 1858. John Marshall Eldredge, born February 21, 
i860, and George Horn Eldredge, born December 7, 1872. They 



34. 

have also lost two children — Alonzo Eldredge, born May 3, 1856, 
and died August 31, 1862, and Frank Hilworth Eldredge, born 
September 15, 1S62, and died March 4, 1867. 

8th. Nelson Tomlin Eldredge, the eighth child, of Jsremiah L, 
and Harriet T. Eldredge, was born October 13, 1833, ^^^ ^'^^ 
June 16, 1886, aged fifty-two years, eight months and three days, and 
was buried in the Cold Spring cemetery. He was a farmer. He 
also served three years as Sheriff of Cape May county. He married 
Deborah V. B. Hand, daughter of Aaron Hand, of New England, 
Cape May county. They had five children, Maryetta Eldredge, 
who died, and the four following who are now living — Southard 
Eldredge, Eliza Eldredge, Jacob Smallwood Eldredge, and WoodrufT 
Eldredge. 

9th. Francis Springer Eldredge, the ninth child of Jeremiah L. 
and Harriet T. Eldredge, was born April 22, 1836. He is also a 
Delaware Bay and River Pilot, and is now following that business for 
a living. He married Elizabeth Edmunds Johnson, daughter of 
Noah and Jane Johnson, of West Cape May. They have three 
sons — Loring Brewster Eldredge, Joseph Johnson Eldredge, and 
Francis Goodell Eldredge, the youngest, in his thirteenth year. 
They call him Goodell, and when they write his name, they write 
F. Goodell Eldredge. Joseph Johnson Eldredge, the second son, 
married Hannah Hand, the daughter of W. F. Hand, a pilot now 
deceased. They have one child about lour years old, Francis S. 
Eldredge, named after his grandfather. Francis S. Eldredge, Sr , 
owns a cottage at Cape May City, N. J., but sometimes he resides 
in Philadelphia. 

loth. James Smith Eldredge, the tenth child of Jeremiah L. and 
Harriet T. Eldredge, was born September 28, 1839. He was a 
farmer, and for several years was mail agent on the West Jersey 
Railroad, between Philadelphia and Cape May City, and afterwards 
he was a coal dealer at Cape May City. He married Letitia Stimpson, 
daughter of Charles P. Stimpson, of Lower township. Cape May 
county, N. J. They had three children. The oldest child was 
named Charles Stimpson Eldredge, who is married to a lady m 
Da\'ton, Ohio, and is settled there as a marble cutter. The second 
son of James S. and Letitia S. Eldredge is Augustus Eldredge. He 
is unmarried, lives in Philadelphia, and is employed as a clerk 



25. 

in a store there. The third child of James S. and Letitia S. 
Eldredge is a daughter, named Clara. She is now living with and 
taking care of her step-grandmother at Cape May City, who was 
the second wife and is now the widow of Charles P. Stimpson. 
James Smith Eldredge's wife, Letitia, died when Clara was a small 
child He again married a Miss Gardener, of South Vineland, N. 
J. They had one son. James afterwards located at Springfield, 
Illinois, where he now resides. During the Civil War, he enlisted 
in Company F, Twenty-fifth Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers, 
for nine full months, from September, 1862 to September, 1863, 

nth. Harriet Eldredge, the eleventh child of Jeremiah L. and 
Harriet T. Eldredge, was born December 20, 1841. She was 
married to John Parsons, a farmer in Lower township. Cape May 
county. They have five children — three daughters and two sons. 
Elizabeth, the oldest daughter, married William Ritter, of Philadel- 
phia. Maggie married Frank Taylor, of Philadelphia, and Emma, 
unmarried, who is now employed in the post office at Cape May 
City. The two sons, Robert Parsons and Augustus Lengert 
Parsons are living at home with their parents. 

1 2th. George Emma Eldredge, the youngest daughter and the 
twelfth and last child of Jeremiah L. and Harriet T. Eldredge, was 
born September 23, 1845. She married William C. Town, son of 
Richard Town, of Cape May. They own ixnd live on a farm which 
was formerly a part of the farm and homestead of Jeremiah L. 
Eldredge and Harriet T., his wife, located on the landing road to 
Cape May City. They have four children — three daughters and 
one son. The oldest daughter, Harriet, married a young man by 
the name of Lot Cresse, and they have one child about a year old. 
Lizzie C. Town is a teacher, and Charles, the son, with Ada, the 
youngest daughter, are living with their parents at home. 

2. Aaron Eldredge, Jr., the second child of Aaron and Hannah 
L. Eldredge, was born June 6, 1795, and died August 10, 1832, 
aged thirty-seven years, two months and four days. Hannah 
Eldredge, his wife, was born June 14. 1800, and died April 21, 
1 83 1, aged thirty years, ten months and seven days. Eh Hickman 
Eldredge was their only child. He was born at Cape May, N. J., 
March 3, 1825, and died in Philadelphia, at the age of thirty-nine 
years, of typhoid fever. He was married to Miss Mary Moore 



Brunner, of Philadelphia, by Rev. Kzra Stiles Ely, D. D., July 2i, 
1846. Their union was blessed with seven children. 

Anna Mary — died of Peretonitis, asjed fourteen years. 

Ella Virginia — married William Stuart King. 

Elizabeth Brunner — died of Scarlet Fever, aged five years. 

Eli Hickman — married Helen Mar Van Dyke. 

Abraham Brunner — died of Pneumonia, aged five years. 

Edward Langdon — unmarried. 

Emma Shepherd — married John Franklin Soby. 

Mr. Eldredge developed into the highest type of man in honor, 
integrity and virtue. He was ever mindful of the poor and needy, 
and during all his life he took a great interest in religious matters, 
being for a number of years a ruling elder in the Buttonwood Street 
Presbyterian Church. He was a School Director of the John 
Hancock Public School on Twelfth and Fairmount avenue ; was a 
Colonel of Governor Pollock's staff; was a Fairmount Park 
Commissioner ; was a Freemason, and was a member of the order 
of Odd Fellows. His business was that of a merchant tailor. 

3. Eliza Eldredge, the only daughter, will have her history 
sketched elsewhere. 

4. Joseph Eldredge, the fourth child of Aaron and Hannah L. 
Eldredge was born August 7, 1798, and died March 21, 1879, aged 
eighty years, seven months and fourteen days. He was always 
pleasant and accommodating, and a consistent Christian. The 
inscription on his tombstone in the Cold Spring Presbyterian 
cemetery is — " Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God." 
He was married at Cape May, N. J., September 22, 1830, to Mrs, 
Ann Morgan Cox West, by Rev. Israel Townsend. She was born 
Mav 18, 1800, and died July 20, 1880, aged eighty years, two months 
and two days, and was buried beside her husband. The inscription 
on her tombstone is — " Blessed are the merciful, for they shall 
obtain mercy." 

The children of Joseph and Ann Morgan Eldredge were four. 
Harriet Ann Wales Eldredge, born June 17, 183 1 ; Sarah Edmonds 
Eldredge, born August 22, 1833 ; Joseph Cox Eldredge, the only 
son, born July 9, 1836, and Eliza Theresa Eldredge, born December 
13. 1839. "^he second and third daughters are both dead. Sarah 
E. died October 11, 1856, aged twenty-three years, one month and 



27. 

nineteen days. Eliza Tlieresa, died April 12, 1883, aged forty-three 
years, three months and twenty-nine days. 

Harriet Ann W. Eldredge married James Learning, who is in the 
real estate business. They had five children — two sons and a 
daughter died. Two sons are living. Joseph E. Leaming and 
Mortimer Leaming. 

Joseph Cox Eldredge and Ocie Bennett were married at Cape 
May City, June 9, 1869, by Rev. John H. Leggett. He is both a 
storekeeper and a farmer. 

George Bennett Kldredge, their oldest son, was born March 25, 
1870, and died July 14, 1874, aged four years, three months and 
nineteen days. 

Irvin Howard Eldredge, their second son, was born March 22, 
1875. 

Ocie May Eldredge, their only daughter, was born May 11, 
1876. 

5. Captain William Eldredge, the fifth child of Aaron and 
Hannah L. Eldredge was born at the Cold Spring homestead April 
30, 1804, and died June 29, 1886, aged eighty-two years and two 
months. He was married at Somers Point, N. J., September 6, 1828, 
to Esther A. Ireland, the daughter of Elijah Ireland, of Estellville, 
N. J. She was born at Somers Point, N. J., July 8, i8ri. Her 
mother, Rachel Somers, it is said, was the third descendant from 
John Somers, who came from Worcester, England, in 1668, and was 
a cousin to John Lord, the first Earl of Hardwick, England. 

The foUowmg was published of Captain Eldredge in a Cape May 
paper : 

death of WILLIAM ELDREDGE. 

" Captain William Eldredge, a life-long resident of Cold Spring, 
departed this life on Tuesday, June 29, 1886, at the age of eighty- two 
years, and two months, having been born on April 30, 1804. 

For about three years Captain Eldredge had suffered from cancer 
in the face, bearing his affliction with the greatest fortitude and 
patience. Since his twenty-first year he had been a consistent 
member of the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, and in time of 
need he found the promises of the Gospel safe and sure. 

The deceased was born within a few hundred yards of his late 



28. 

residence. In September, 1828, he married a Miss Ireland, at 
Somers Point, they hving together fifty-seven years and nine months. 
She survives him, and is quite active for one of her years, being 
seventy-six years old yesterday, 8th inst, (July, 1886). 

The funeral took place on Friday, July 2, attended by all the mem- 
bers of his immediate family, except one son, Wm. A. Eldredge, who 
is station agent at Memphis, Tenn., on the Louisville, Texas and 
New Orleans Railroad. Rev. Mr. Landis preached an excellent 
funeral discourse in the old church on the occasion. 

Thus alter a remarkably long- and active life, upright and honor- 
able, passed away the .spirit of one sure of eternal rest and reward." 
They had nine children. 

1st. Rachel Somers Eldredge, who was married twice. Her 
first husband was George Higbee Stevens, son of Ezekiel Stevens, 
Esq., of Cold Spring. They had one child, Lois H. Stevens. She 
has been married twice. Her first husband was William Eldredge, 
of Cape May County. Her present husband is D. E. Mathis, of New 
Gretna, Burlington county, N J. Rachel Stevens' second husband 
was James Mecray, of Cape May City. They had one child, Rachel 
S. Mecray. She is married to Joseph T. Dolby, of Philadelphia. 
Her mother died at Cape May City, December 24, 1870, and was 
buried in the Cold Spring church yard. 

2d, Sarah W. Eldredge, married Constantine Somers, of Somers 
Point, and resided at Cape May City, He died January 8, and 
was buried at Somers Point, N, J., January 14, 1891 

3d. Mary Benner Eldred^'e, the third child of Captain William 
and Esther A. Eldredge, married Frederick G. Dodson, of Hazleton, 
Pa. They now live in Tempe, Arizona, where he is engaged in 
the banking business, 

4th. Hannah A, Eldredge, married Dewitt Clinton Crowell, of 
Norfolk, Virginia. They were married in the Cold Sprmg Pres- 
byterian church. Cape May. They lived in Norfolk, Va., until his 
death, which occurred November 24, 1874. His widow and family 
moved to Philadelphia, in the beginning of the year, 1875, where 
they still reside. Four daughters were the fruits of this marriage, 
(i) Mary C, Crowell, (2) Dessa W. Crowell, (3) Eva J. Crowell, 
(4) Hannah M. Crowell. Dessa W. is married to John B. Clement, 
of Philadelphia. 



2d. 

5th. Aaron Eldredge, who died when a child. 

6th. Captain John Somers Eldredge was married three times, and 
has three sons. His first wife was Mary Collier Gibson, of Richmond, 
Virginia, They had one son, Dewitt C. Eldredge, His second 
wife was May Brown, of Seaford, Delaware. His present wife is 
Sarah Janney, of Baltimore, Maryland. They have two sons, John 
Somers Eldredge and Pemberton Eldredge. 

Captain John Somers Eldredge has been for many years engaged 
in the Old Bay Line Steamship Company, residing the most of his 
time in Norfolk, Virginia. 

7th. Emmaline Vangilder Eldredge, resides with her sister, Mrs. 
Hannah A. Crowell, in Philadelphia. 

8th. William Augustus Eldredge. He is a Claim Agent for the 
Louisville, New Orleans and Texas Railroad, and resides at 
Memphis, Tennessee, He is unmarried. 

9th. Eliza Langdon Eldredge, the youngest and unmarried, 
resides with her mother on the old homestead at Cold Spring, 
Cape May county. 

6. Stilwell Eldredge, the sixth child of Aaron and Hannah L. 
Eldredge was born at Cape May, August 6, 1806, and died in 
Philadelphia, July 14, 1849, aged forty-two years, eleven months and 
eight days. In his early years his parents sent him to Philadelphia 
to learn the tailoring and clothing business, and he continued 
in it, with varied successes, all his life. He was married September 
2, 1830, to Mary Benner, by Rev. Charles Hoover, She was born 
in Philadelphia, December 18, 181 2, and was married there the 
second time to a Mr. Young, and died November 24, 1882, aged 
sixty-nine years, eleven months and six days. 

Mr, Eldredge was for many years an active member of the First 
Presbyterian Church, Northern Liberties, of Philadelphia, and he 
was, also, for many years an active member of its Board of Trustees. 
His son, Charles H. Eldredge, writes me, — " Father died suddenly. 
He and mother had been down to Cape May to attend the funeral 
of his brother Jeremiah (who had died suddenly of cholera). They 
arrived home on Friday morning. Father was taken down with 
the cholera and died on the next day, Saturday, about nine o'clock 
in the evening." How sudden ! How solemn ! Surely in the 
midst of life, we are in death. 



30. 

The following beautiful testimonial of Mrs. Mary Benner Eldredge 
(Young) was written by her former pastor the Rev. Thomas J, 
Shepherd, D. D. "Died on the evening of Friday, November 24, 
1882, at the residence of her daughter, Miss Emma L. Eldredge, 
near Wayne station, on the Pennsylvania Railroad, Mrs. Mary B. 
Young, in the seventieth year of her age. More than fifty years 
ago, amid the scenes of a powerful revival of religion in the First 
Presbyterian Church, Northern Liberties, Philadelphia, Rev. James 
Patterson, pastor, Mrs. Young made a public profession of her faith 
and hope in the Lord Jesus. Through a long life she witnessed the 
sincerity of the profession then made by a singularly earnest piety, 
and by the heartiest sympathy with all that is pure and lovely. She 
was pre-eminently a good woman, revealing as wife and mother, in 
the sheltered world of home, the finest traits of consecrated woman- 
hood, and displaying in the wider spheres of social life and of 
Christian activity whatever is generous in friendship and graceful 
in charity. She loved God's house, never absenting herself either 
from the throng of public worshippers or from the smaller band of 
praying ones. She loved God's people and God's ministers, identi- 
fying herself with all plans and agencies for doing good, and giving 
to each of the pastors she had known the fullest confidence and 
the best help. Among the latest utterances of her trust in the 
Divine Saviour, and of her assured hope of eternal blessedness 
through Him, were touchingly mingled very tender messages to 
her Christian friends, and urgent charges to her children not to 
forget the church of her early vows and life-long love. When at 
length the silver cord which bound her to earth was about to be 
loosed, she sank into the quiet sleep of a little child, and awaked 
in the home of the glorified. ' And there shall be no night there ; 
and they need no candle, neither light of the sun, for the Lord God 
giveth them light ; and they shall reign forever and ever.' " 

Stilwell Eldredge and Mary Benner Eldredge, had the following 
seven children : 

Charles Hoover Eldredge, born June 13, 1831. 

Emma Lamier Eldredge, born August 25, 1833. 

James Henry Stevens Eldredge, born September 12, 1835, and 
died March 19, 1879, aged 43 )iears, six months and seven days. 

George Patterson Eldredge, born September i, 1838. 



31. 

Mary Adelaide Eldredge, born December 27, 1840. 

Anna Louisa Carroll Eldredge, born October i, 1843, and died 
May 6, 1845, aged one year, seven months and five days. 

Anna Caroline Ely Eldredge, born January 30 1846, and died 
April 3, 1849, aged three years, three months and three days. 

All the dead are buried in the Laurel Hill cemetery, Philadelphia. 
The living are — 

I St. Charles H. Eldredge, the first son of Stilwell and Mary B. 
Eldredge, was pious, consistent, kind and true from his youth up. 
He early learned the tailoring and clothing business in the reliable 
firm of Painter & Eldredge, corner of /th and Market streets, Phila- 
delphia, and adhered to it faithfully. As a man he has had a lovely 
disposition, easy manners, steady habits, an accommodating and 
benevolent spirit, and has been a faithful husband and an affectionate 
father. He has been an active and useful member in the Presby- 
terian Church from his manhood. He united with the First 
Presbyterian Church of Northern Liberties, Philadelphia, April, 
1848, in his seventeenth year, and he was for ten years an acceptable 
trustee of that church. Afterwards he was an honored trustee for 
fifteen years in the Wayne Presbyterian Church, and for sixteen years 
its successful Sabbath School Superintendent. He has been a man 
of strict integrity, and a successful merchant tailor at 113 South 
Ninth street, Philadelphia, He found a good wife from the Lord, 
and we read that on November 27, 1855, Charles Hoover Eldredge 
was married to Sarah Ann Harrington, by Rev. Charles D. Cooper. 
She was born August 23, 1832. This union was blessed with two 
children, a daughter and a son, viz.: — 

(i). Maria Florence Eldredge, born November 14, 1856, and 
married on Thursday, July 24, 1890, in the Presbyterian Church of 
Wayne, Pa., to Oliver Sloan Haines, M. D., of Philadelphia, by the 
pastor. Rev. William A. Patton, assisted by the Rev. George T. 
Purves, D. D., of Pittsburg, Pa. 

(2.) Charles Stilwell Eldredge, born November 20, 1859. He 
was married December, 1880, to Helen G. Montgomery, who died 
March 15, 1886. Their children were — Charles H. Eldredge, born 
December 23, 1881, and died September 12, 1887, aged five years, 
eight months and nineteen days, and Howard Montgomery Eldredge, 
born August 19, 1884. 



33. 

2d. James Henry Stevens Eldredge, the second son of Stilwell 
and Mary B. Eldredge, was educated in the public and high schools 
of Philadelphia. He was a (iiligent student — early made a profession 
of religion in the Baptist Church — was married February i6, 1861, 
to Eliza F. Linerd — was a successful teacher, and was an active and 
devoted worker in his Master's vineyard until called away by death. 
The following just memorial that was pulished of him in one of the 
Philadelphia papers, is full, satisfactory and highly creditable : — 

IN MEMQRIAM. 

James Henry Eldredge was born in this city in September, 1835. 
He was one of the first pupils of the Hancock Grammar School, 
located at Twelfth and Coates streets, then in charge of Professor 
Nicholas H. Maguire. He entered the High School in 1848, and, 
after finishing the course of study prescribed in that institution, he 
was admitted to the Lewisburg University, where he remained for 
several years. Shortly after leaving college he became a teacher, 
creditably filling each position to which he was called. His marked 
ability as an instructor and disciplinarian secured for him the 
Principalship of the Hancock Boy's Grammar School in this city, 
when Prof. Maguire resigned that position to take charge of the 
Central High School. In this school he was remarkably successful. 
Entirely devoted to the interests of his pupils, unceasing in his 
efforts for their moral and mental improvement, thoroughly imbued 
with a love for his work, able, enterprising and persevering, there 
could be but one result. He won the regard of his pupils, he was 
their friend as well as their teacher, and when he passed from the 
school room into another vocation, he carried with him the respect 
and love of all. 

Engaging in business in 1865, as a member of the firm of Eldredge 
& Brother, he exhibited the same degree of enterprise, industry and 
ability that marked his character as a teacher, and aided largely in 
establishing the house in its present position. 

But the qualities which most endeared him to his friends were 
his singularly mild and gentle disposition; his open hand and heart; 
his eagerness to assist those who needed help ; and, above all, his 
earnest, childlike. Christian faith and belief 

Every life that bears an impress for good on those with whom it is 



3S. 

brought in contact, is a successful life, and in this respect the life 
of James H. Eldredge was a success in the grandest, noblest sense 
of the word. Let those of us who knew and loved him take the 
lesson of his life into our hearts. While the eye may grow dim 
with tears, and the heart throb with sorrow at the thought that we 
have parted with him forever, yet let us "rejoice and be exceeding 
glad" with the comforting thought that he has entered into his 
reward ; that for him there is no more pain, no more sorrow, no 
more anguish. And let us, from his earnest, beautiful life, and his 
peaceful passing to rest, learn so to live that when our summons 
comes, we may, like him, 

'• Sustained and soothed 
By an unfaltering trust, approach our graves, 
Like one that draws the drapery of his couch 
About him, and lies down to pleasant dreams." 

Two children were born to James H. and Eliza F. Eldredge, viz: 

Joseph Linerd Eldredge, born November 26, 1861, and Anna 
Eldredge, born June 5, 1866. 

3d. George Patterson Eldredge, third son of Stilwell and Mary 
B. Eldredge, received his education in the public schools of Phila- 
delphia — taught for some years in Central Pennsylvania — married 
Miss Lizzie Wallace, of Sinking Valley, Blair County, Pa., and 
afterwards, in 1865, went into the book business with his brother 
James H. Eldredge, in Philadelphia. He has been an enterprising, 
energetic and successful business man. 

4th. Emma L. Eldredge, and 5th. Mary Adelaide Eldredge, the 
first and second daughters, and the only daughters now living, of 
Stilwell and Mary B. Eldredge, received each an excellent education 
in the varied schools of Philadelphia — early enlisted their energies 
in the cause ot Christ — devoted themselves especially to the cause 
of education, and have been very successful teachers in several 
important schools, both in Philadelphia and in its vicinity. They 
have exerted a wide and commanding influence for good upop 
many children and youth for both the present and coming generations. 
All such are truly blessed. 

7. Hon. George M. Eldredge was the seventh child of Aaron 
and Hannah L. Eldredge. I copy the following of him from the 



34. 

Rev. Dr. S. J. M. Eaton's biographical catalogue of Washington and 
Jefferson college, Pa., published in 1889: — 

"Born at Cold Spring, Cape May County, N. J., December 6, 
18 10; graduated at Jeflferson College, Pa., 1837; teacher and law 
student at Lowndes County, Ala., '38 ; practiced law Haynesville^ 
Ala., '40 — '50, De Soto Parish, La., '50; President Police Jury, and 
Judge Supreme Court of Southern District of Louisiana; Louisiana 
Legislature '66 — '62>; British Honduras '68 — '70; Vermilion Parish, 
La., '70 — 'Z6; Louisiana Legislature '84; Elder Presbyterian Church; 
married '42, Emma E. Frierson ; died at his residence, Abbeville, 
La., after a long illness, April 27, 1886, aged seventy-five years, four 
months and twenty-one days." 

An Abbeville, La., paper certified that — " He was a man of firm 
integrity, spotless honor, and strong convictions. So highly 
impressed were our people with his mental and moral merit that 
they chose him (much against his own inclinations and despite his 
advancing years) by an overwhelming majority to represent them 
in the Legislature. Here he soon made his mark. In his death 
his family have lost a loving parent, his friends a prudent counselor,, 
the parish an honored citizen and a wise and faithful official." On 
his monument in the Masonic cemetery, Abbeville, Louisiana, are 
inscribed the following beautiful words, " He has crossed over the 
river, and rests under the shadow of the tree of life." 

Mrs. Emma Elizabeth (Frierson) Eldredge, his wife, daughter 
of John and Elizabeth Mary (Witten) Frierson, was born July 5, 
1819, at Charleston, South Carolina, and died at her home near 
Abbeville, La., January i, 1890, aged seventy years, six months. 
She was beautiful in her old age, a model of patience and christian 
resignation. Their daughter, Mary Emma Eldredge, and their son 
Marion Langdon Eldredge with his family, still live to mourn their 
double loss ; while their first child, George Frierson Eldredge, who 
was born in Lowndes county, Alabama, June 10, 1843, died in 
Augusta, Georgia, September 15, 1844, and was buried in Lowndes 
county, Alabama. I add the following published record from 
the "Vermilion Star," Abbeville, La., January 3, 1890. "Mrs. 
Emma E. Eldredge was born in Charleston, South Carolina, but 
moved to Louisiana soon after her marriage, settling in De Soto 
parish, where her brothers. Dr. George and Robert Frierson had 



35. 

preceded her. She leaves a son and daughter and a large family 
of relatives to mourn her loss; and in this hour of sadness we 
intermingle our tears with theirs, for we know how dearly beloved 
she was, and how much dear Aunt Emma will be missed by those 
whom she loved. She has gone where loved ones stand waiting 
anxiously for her coming." 

Mary Emma, daughter of George M. and Emma E. Eldredge, 
was born March 4, 1846, Lowndes county, Ala. ; is an excellent 
christian lady, enjoys only moderate health, and lives pleasantly 
with her kind brother and his family on their home estate near 
Abbeville, La. 

Marion Langdon, son of George M. and Emma E. Eldredge, 
was born May 24, 1848, Lowndes county, Alabama, and was 
married to Daisy Alison, daughter of Lockwood and Ann Judson 
Alison, December, 19, 1878, De Soto parish. La. Daisy Alison 
was born September 15, 1857, De Soto parish. La. Her lather was 
a physician, (M. D.) and her grandfather on her mother's side was 
a Baptist clergyman, the Rev. Jesse Hartwell, D. D. He was born 
in Massachusetts, and labored in Louisiana and Arkansas. He 
died at Mount Lebanon, La. Her father is still a practicing 
physician in De Soto parish, La., at eighty-four years of age. 

The children of Marion L. and Daisy A. Eldredge are — 

(i) Langdon Marion Eldredge, born September 25, 1879, in 
Vermilion Parish, Louisiana. 

(2) Hartwell Alison Eldredge, born July 6, 1881, in Vermilion 
Parish, Louisiana. 

(3) George M. Eldredge, born August 11, 1883, in Vermilion 
Parish, Louisiana, 

(4) Annie Lucile Eldredge, born July 2, 1886, in Vermilion 
Parish Louisiana. All the children are well behaved, and the 
family is a very pleasant one. 

8. Ephraim Eldredge, the eighth and last child of Aaron and 
Hannah L. Eldredge, was born at Cape May, N, J., October 6. 
1812. After receiving the usual common school education he was 
sent by his parents to Philadelphia, to learn the bookbinding business, 
and placed under the care of a worthy and reliable firm there. This 
was the main business of his life, and he became master of it. He 
united upon profession of faith with the Baptist Church, and on 



September 22, 1835, ^^^ was married to Sarah Paj-ran, by the Rev, 
John L. Grant, of the Presbyterian Church, of Philadelphia. He was 
a deacon in the First Baptist Church until the time of his death, a 
period of fifteen years. He departed this life at his own residence, 
No. 13 W. Barnard street, West Chester, Pa., August 13, 1887. aged 
seventy-four years, ten months and seven days, and was buried 
August 17, at Oakland cemetery. West Chester, Pa. His memory 
is blessed. 

Mrs. Sarah Payran Eldredge, his Avidow, was born in Phila- 
delphia, Pa., March 8, 18 13, and still lives with their youngest 
daughter, Miss Samaria Anna Eldredge, at West Chester, Pa. 

Ephraim and Sarah P. Eldredge had eight children — four sons 
and four daughters — all born in Philadelphia, Pa., except the fourth 
child who was born at Cape May, N. J. Of these five are now 
living, three sons and two daughters — all professors of religion, and 
all married but one, the youngest daughter. 

1st. Livingston Aaron Eldredge, born August 5, 1836, and died. 
May 15, 1837, aged nine months and ten days. 

2d. Livingston Aaron Eldredge, born January i, 1838. He 
learned the carpenter's trade ; was married to Rachel L. Freason, 
October 5, 1869, by Rev. R. H. Patterson, of the M. E. Church 
Philadelphia, Pa., and resides at Hammonton, Atlantic County, New 
Jersey. Livingston A. and Rachel L. Eldredge have one daughter, 
Ida May Eldredge. 

3d. Salonia Imlah Eldredge, born May 25, 1840; was married 
to William Bernshouse August 20, 1863, by Rev. Thomas Davis, 
of the Baptist Church, of Hammonton, New Jersey, where they 
now reside, her husband's occupation being that oi a builder and 
contractor. Three sons and one daughter have been added to their 
household — William Henry Bernshouse, Albert Livingston Berns- 
house, Andrew Hays Bernshouse, and Samaria Anna Bernshouse. 
The eldest son, William Henry Bernshouse was married May 30, 
1890, to Rosetta Taylor, of Maryland. 

4th. Barrington Sanford Eldredge was born at Cape May, N. J., 
^March 26, 1843 ; is by occupation a bookbinder and stationer ; was 
married first, to Ettie Blanche McDowell, March 28, 1864, by Rev. 
P. S. Henson, D. D., of the Baptist Church, of Philadelphia, and 
was married second, to Sallie A. McLean, November 7, 1887, by 



37: 

Rev. I. B. Hartman, D. D., of Central Baptist Church, Trenton, N. 
J. He has one daughter and one son — Florence Beatrice Eldredge 
and Harry Barrington Eldredge. 

5th. Anna Samaria Eldredge, born May 13, 1845, and died August 
13, 1847, aged two years and three months. 

6th. Sarah Eldredge, born June 17, 1847, ^'^^ *^i^^ September 12, 
1847, aged two months and twenty-five days. 

7th. William Henry Eldredge was born July 3, 1848 ; is a Baptist 
minister; was married to Maurie Annie Souder, May 17, 1885, by 
Rev. E. L. Magoon, D. D., of the Broad Street Baptist Church, of 
Philadelphia. They reside in East Stroudsburg, Monroe County, 
Pa., and have one daughter — Clara Henson Eldredge. 

8th. Samaria Anna Eldredge was born December 13, 1851; is 
unmarried ; is a successful school teacher, and resides with her 
mother at West Chester, Chester County, Pa. 

The total number of children, grandchildren and great-grand- 
children of the Eldredge group of families; separate from the daugh- 
ter, Eliza Eldredge, is one hundred and forty-four, of whom one 
hundred and seven are now living — the most of whom are professors 
of religion and all are doing well. A goodly number to live and 
work for Jesus i 



38. 



JAMES RAINY HUGHES. 

My FATHER — James Rainy Hughes — was the youngest child of 
Jacob and Ann Lawrence Hughes, 

My 'MOTHER — Eliza Eldredge Hughes — was the third child, 
and the only daughter of Aaron and Hannah Langdon Eldredge. 
Both my father and mother were healthy and vigorous. They were 
endowed with good bodies, good minds and good hearts. 

They had twelve children — six sons and six daughters — viz : — 
Jeremiah Eldredge, Ann Lawrence, Daniel Lawrence, Joseph 
Eldredge, William Giddis, Harriet Newell, James Potter, Hannah 
Eliza, Mary Bennett, Emma Melinda, Amelia Foster and Jacob 
Van Rensalear. 

As to the history of my parents, I would say — my father was born 
in the New England settlement. Lower township, Cape May County, 
N. J., July 6, 1791. My mother was born in the Cold Spring 
settlement, same township and county, December 15, 1796. They 
were married January 9, 181 5. 

My father was only four years and eight months old when his 
father died, and after some years his mother was married again to 
Jeremiah Edmonds. 

As his father had left him a farm adjoining that of his oldest 
brother, Jacob, it seems that the arrangement was made, as my 
father told me, that this brother should manage both farms, educate 
James, and provide for him nntil he was of age and could come 
legally into the possession of his own farm. Accordingly he was 
sent away at a suitable age to the Bridgeton Academy, Cumberland 
County, N. J., the best school in that whole region. He remained 
there as a diligent and successful student ; mastering Navigation, 
Mensuration, Surveying and Philosophy, as well as the common 
branches of study, until he was eighteen years of age. Then he 
was called home to take charge of a school in his native township. 
And so well was he prepared for this work by his attainments, 
industry, energy and skill in discipline, that he won readily the 
confidence of all his patrons. He Avas so successful in his teaching 
that he made it ever after, in connection with the oversight of his 
farm, for forty years, a life work in his own neighborhood — either 




James Rainy Hughes. Mrs Eliza 1\. Hughes. Mrs. Ann L. Foster. 




Judge Joseph E. Hughes. Rev. Charles M. Oaklej'. Mrs. Harriet N. Oakley. 




Rev. James P. Hughes. Mrs. Kmily W. Ilnglies. Mrs, :\lary B. Fletcher. 




Mrs. Kniina M. Rohorts. Rev. Jacob A'. Hughes. .Mr^,. i;ii/:ilirlh .AI. Hughes 



THE JAIVIES K. HUGHES GROUP. 



3ff. 

in the Cold Spring School House, one mile east of his residence, or 
in the Cape School House, two miles south of it. He thus helped 
to give all the young people there a sound and thoroughly practical 
education ; while as he had the Bible daily read in his schools, and 
often opened and closed them with prayer, and exhorted his scholars 
to lead pious, useful and happy lives, many good impressions were 
made never to be forgotten. No one can measure the degree and 
extent of his influence for good in this one department of his life 
work. 

More than forty years after, Mr. Francis F. Hughes, formerly of 
Cape May, and a second cousin of my wife, and I, with our families, 
were unknowingly and providentially thrown within ten miles of 
each other, in Benton County, Iowa, We soon learned the fact 
and visited each other. Mr, Hughes was now an industrious, 
conscientious and popular business man, zealous in behalf of both 
Sabbath Schools and temperance, and a devoted and consistent Chris- 
tian worker in the M. E. Church. We had not seen each other since 
we were boys attending my father's school together. So soon as we 
met and spoke of our boyhood days he stated that my father gave 
him all the schooling he ever had. And many others have borne 
the same testimony ; while others have told me that his brief and 
pointed pious addresses, with his plain illustrations, had been 
impressed upon them for life. 

Although a moral, steady and industrious young man, a farmer 
and school teacher combined, my father was not a professor of 
religion when he married Eliza Eldredge. She was already a 
member of the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, and a devotedly 
pious young woman, and, my father added to me, the prettiest and 
most modest young woman in the county. On the very evening of 
their marriage, he said, she erected the family altar and led in prayer 
The fire started on that altar that night has never gone out. It will 
be kept burning, I trust, to the latest generation. 

After a little, my father became deeply convinced of his sins ; 
and so burdened was he on account of them, that he told me as he 
was ploughing in his front field, at every end of his furrow he had 
to leave his plough and enter the little thicket there, and on his 
knees humbly and earnestly pray that God would have mercy on him, 
until the Lord heard his prayer and granted him pardon and peace. 



He then made a profession of religion, uniting with the Presbyterian 
Church on May 19, 1 815, a httle over four months after that wedding 
night of united family prayer. Four years after this event, or on June 
8, 1 8 19, when he was about twenty- eight years of age, he was elected 
and ordained a Ruling Elder in the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, 
and he continued in that office there for forty-six years until his 
death. He organized the Cold Spring Sabbath School, which was 
the first Sabbath School in Cape May County, and was its first and 
only Superintendent for over thirty years. His influence here for 
good in every direction was marked, controlling and enduring. 

My father and mother together moulded too, under God, by their 
instructions, discipline, example and prayers, a large family of 
twelve children for good in their day and generation. They saw 
eye to eye, or were united, in their family training — early dedicating 
us to God in baptism ; praying with us and for us ; enjoining 
obedience on us at home; instructing us in the Bible ; requiring of 
each of the children the accurate memorizing and recitation of the 
Shorter Catechism ; taking us regularly to Church, to the Sabbath 
School, and to the prayer meeting; and requiring of us good 
behaviour in all such places, as well as at home. 

My parents, whilst charitable and courteous towards other 
evaneelical churches, never wavered in their attachment to the 
doctrines, polity and worship of the Presbyterian Church ; and they 
never encouraged, or permitted, their children to neglect their own 
church to run loosely anywhere and everywhere else. Hence as 
a family they remained standard in their own Presbyterian Church. 

I knew my mother had her closet to which she daily resorted to 
commune with God, and to obtain grace for every hour of duty and 
trial. She said to me that her Bible and her closet, leading her to 
her Saviour, were the sources of her strength and comfort. I can 
remember, too, that the women in the church of that day kept up 
their own weekly prayer meetings from house to house ; and my 
mother, with all her family cares, would attend them, even if she 
went a mile or two on foot, and then would bear her part in them. 
Under these wholesome influences and surroundings all the children, 
but one who died by accident in falling into a frying pan of hot fat 
when two years old, grew up to full manhood and womanhood, 
healthy, industrious, sound in the faith, professors of religion, and 



41. 

prepared in both body and soul for their varied responsibilities in 
life. Three of their sons became not only teachers, but Presbyterian 
ministers, and one of them became not only a useful and honored 
teacher for many years in his native county, but also a faithful Rul'nj 
Elder, first in the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, and afterwards 
in the Cape Island Presbyterian Church ; while three of their 
daughters married Presbyterian ministers — all seven of whom are 
still living and useful in the Master's Vineyard. Another daughter 
married one of the Trustees of the Presbyterian Church, an intelli- 
gent, pious and useful man — a son of one of the aged Ruling Elders 
of the church. Both this wife and her husband are now dead, but 
they have left a large family of sons and daughters, all followers of 
Christ, and active and useful in their several places and relations, 
and so they do honor to the memory of their parents. 

I write all this to emphasize God's covenant with all his people, 
and to show his faithfulness in fulfilling all his covenant promises 
in exact proportion to our meeting all our covenant obligations. It 
is but one well known example, out of others that might be 
mentioned, given to encourage and stimulate afresh all our pious 
households to renewed mutual endeavors to love and serve the Lord. 

I esteemed my father highly. I thought him energetic and 
diligent in all his business, kind and considerate to the poor, 
conscientious and devoted in the discharge of all his religious duties 
in the family, the Sabbath School and the church, and loving, 
helpful, and strict in the training of his children. I loved my mother 
and confided in her very much, although I was often self-willed 
and disobedient. She was always thoughtful of her children, 
watchful over them, laborious in her provisions for their comfort, 
and faithful in her instruction and discipline of them. 

My beloved parents, amidst usual human infirmities and struggles, 
accomplished well by the grace of God their work ; and now their 
bodies lie quietly sleeping in the Cold Spring Presbyterian cemetery, 
but their souls are enjoying in heaven the promised reward — while 
their children rise up and call them blessed. My father died when 
nearly seventy-four years old, and my mother died a little over 
seventy-nine years of age. My brother-in-law, Downs E. Foster, 
attended on my father during his last sickness, in the absence of 
all his children, and when he asked him what was his dying 



42. 

message to his absent children, he rcph'ed, " Tell them all I die 
with, a good hope in the Lord Jesus Christ." 

On my father's tombstone is the following inscription — James R. 
Hughes, born July 6, 1791, died March 13, 1865, aged sevent3^-three 
years, eight months and seven days. A Ruling Elder in the Cold 
Spring Presbyterian Church nearly forty-six years, and for over 
thirty years the successful Superintendent of the first Sabbath 
School. "Well done good and faithful servant, enter thou into 
the joy of thy Lord." 

On my mother's tombstone are the words " Mrs. Eliza E. Hughes, 
wife of James R. Hughes, was born December 15, 1796, died 
January 6, 1876, aged seventy-nine years, and twenty-two days. I 
shall behold my Saviour's face." 

I record here the obituary notice published of her in the Cape 
May, N. J., Ocean Wave, January 22, 1876. 

" Died January 6, 1876, at Unionville, Center county, Pa., at the 
residence of her son, Rev. J. V. R. Hughes, Mrs. Eliza E. Hughes^ 
aged seventy-nine years and twenty-two days. She was the widow 
of the late James R. Hughes, for many years a Ruling Elder in the 
Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, Cape May county, N. J. Mr. 
and Mrs. Hughes were both descendants of the early settlers of the 
Lower township, of Cape May. They had a family of children 
which they endeavored to bring up in the admonition of the Lord, 
and their labors were not in vain. Three sons are now ministers 
in the Presbyterian Church ; one son a Ruling Elder in the Cold 
Spring Church ; three daughters are married to Presbyterian 
clergymen, one is the wife of Rev. John Roberts, missionary in 
China. It is but seldom such a record is made of any one family. 
Mrs. Hughes was over sixty years a member of the church. She 
had her trials but they were sanctified to her. She was ever 
hopeful and cheerful, and when the Master called her to be with 
Him, she was ready and waiting for Him. To her son, who had 
just returned from a funeral, she said : " Would it be wrong to pray 
that I might be the next to go?" And she was the next in his 
congregation. She took her breakfast with the family the day 
previous to that of her death ; and on the sixth inst, while lying in 
her bed, feeling no pain, she fell asleep in Jesus. It was her 
request, made some time before her death, that her remains should 



43. 

be taken to Cold Spring, and buried in the old graveyard where lie 
the remains of so many of her kindred and friends, and that her 
funeral sermon should be preached in the Cold Spring Church — 
which was accordingly done on January 9. The funeral sermon 
was preached by her old pastor. Rev. Moses Williamson, " Blessed 
are the dead which die in the Lord, from henceforth; yea, saith the 
Spirit, that they may rest from their labors, and their works do 
follow them." 

I. Jeremiah Eldredge Hughes. As to the children's history, 
I observe Jeremiah I^ldredge Hughes was born at Cape May, N. 
J., December 10, 181 5, and died at Gainesville, Texas, June 23, 
1884, aged sixty-eight years, six months and thirteen days. He 
was married to Sophronia Sparks, at Gainesville, Texas, March 
29, 1857. She was born in Nilson county, Tennessee, July 31, 
1834, and died at Gainesville, Texas, April 25, 1880, aged forty-five 
years, eight months and twenty-four days. 

Jeremiah E., when about sixteen years of age, was placed by his 
father in the hardware store of Messrs. Walton and Hill, Philadel- 
phia, and he remained with them many years. Afterwards he 
engaged with a similar firm in New Orleans, Louisiana; and when 
Calitornia opened, he gathered up his resources, bought a stock of 
goods, went to California, started a store in the mines, and continued 
there for several years. After a time he ceased writing home to 
his parents. They became anxious about him. and wrote several 
letters to ascertain something about him ; but all the information 
they could get was from his post master, who wrote saying the last 
he knew of him was his getting some money changed, and starting 
for the North. For fifteen long years nothing was heard from him, 
and all the family, except mother, believed he was dead. Father 
died without knowing anything to the contrary ; but mother seemed 
always to retain a hope and belief that she would live to see him 
yet again. After father's death in 1865, Jeremiah wrote him a letter 
during the year following, saying he was alive and living in Texas. 
He had married, other cares occupied his time, the Civil War came 
on, and he wholly neglected all correspondence until its close. He 
afterwards came North with his family and spent a year with his 
brothers at Cape May, N. J., and at Bellefonte and Unionville, Pa., 



44. 

saw and cheered his aged mother, and then returned to his home 
in Gainesville, Texas, where he resided until his death — his wife 
having preceded him to the '' better country" several years before. 

He often wrote me that it was his desire, prayer and effort that 
he might so live and act here, as that he might be prepared here- 
after for the higher and better sphere in the heavenly mansions. 
His daughter, Adelaide, writes me under date of Gainesville, Texas, 
February 9, 1890, the following additional facts in his history — "My 
father came to Gainesville in 185$, and was about the second or 
third County Clerk for the county, and was made Post Master. He 
married in 1857, and built the first brick house in Gainesville. 
After the war he removed to New Orleans, La., and was with 
Foster and Son, a large hardware firm for seven years, when we 
went to Cape May City, N. J., and Bellefonte, Pa., and staid a year. 
Then we came back to Gainesville, in 1875, and he engaged in the 
dry goods business for three years." 

Jeremiah E. and Sophronia S. Hughes had seven children. 

George Eldredge was born August i, 1858, and died October 
12, 1859. 

A son was born October 20, i860, and only lived a few hours. 

A daughter was born October 22, 1863, and only lived a little while. 

Adelaide was born November 15, 1864. 

James R. was born January 29, 1867, 

Clara was born November 9, 1869, 

Jessie was born January 26, 1872, and died July 27, 1872, aged 
six months and one day. 

Adelaide, the oldest child living, received the best education her 
father could afford her in the higher schools, both at New Orleans,. 
La., and at Gainesville, Texas, thus fitting her to be a school teacher. 
She started to a select school in New Orleans when she was only- 
four years. She was diligent and successful in her studies, and 
was rapidly promoted until she was fourteen years of age. When 
fifteen years old she took charge of a select school in Gainesville, 
Texas, and then at the age of eighteen she was called to be the 
second assistant in Professor Potter's Academy at that place. Her 
father wrote to me of her, when she was seven years of age, thus — 
under date of New Orleans, La., April 14, 1872, "Adelaide is now 
at Sunday School, where she goes every Sunday morning, when 



45, 

the weather permits, Rev. Dr. Markham's, a Presbyterian. She 
goes to a daily school and learns fast in Geography, Arithmetic, 
etc., and is a smart child." And then again under date of Gaines- 
ville, Cooke county, Texas, October 2, 1880, he writes, "Adelaide 
is teaching school, second grade, second assistant in Professor 
Potter's Academy at this place. She is a natural teacher. Professor 
Potter has taught all his life, from the time he graduated, and he 
says he never met in any school room any female teacher equal her 
as a disciplinarian. He is much pleased with her as a teacher. I 
have not been able to have her put through college for the first 
degree. She passed her examination in the second grade with 
great credit to herself and me. She is a student. I am proud of 
her." Adelaide continued to teach for four years until she was 
married by the Rev. J. M. Keeton, in the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church, at Gainesville, on September 15, 1887, to Mr. Cyrus 
Ritchey. He was born in Texas, November/, 1862. His parents' 
names were Samuel and Martha McCleary. Mr. Ritchie is engaged 
in the insurance business, and both he and his wife are active and 
consistent members of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. 

Under date of Gainesville, Texas, November 25, 1889, Adelaide 
wrote me — " I have a very sweet little girl fourteen months old, 
that we have named Annie Hughes Ritchey. She was born on 
September 6, 1888, and she is the idol of my grandfather, who is still 
with me and enjoys tolerably good health." His full name is Jesse 
Handcock Sparks, and he will be eighty years old in March, 1890. 

James R. attended school for some time, and then engaged on a 
ranch in herding cattle. After his father's death he went to 
Wichita, Kansas, and acted as a clerk in a store there for a while. 
He is now employed in Denver, Colorado, 

Clara attended school under her sister's care and tuition. She 
had talents, especially for music, and was a good student. She 
was afterwards sent to Cincinnati, Ohio, to receive a musical educa- 
tion, and is now teaching music at Belcherville, a little town forty 
miles from Gainesville. 

2. Mrs. Ann Lawrence Foster. I feel like making special men- 
tion here of the Foster family, because the children and descendants 
of my oldest sister, because of their larger numbers, and because 



46, 

of the excellentcharacter of the Foster ancestry. My oldest sister, 
Ann Lawrence Hughes, was born November 9, 18 17, was married 
to Downs E. Foster, by Rev. Moses Williamson, December 19, 
1838, and died at the Cape May Light House, February 16, 1865, 
aged forty-seven years, three months and seven days. On her 
tombstone, in the Cold Spring cemetery, are engraved the tender 
words — " Thy loss regretted, and thy memory loved." The Cape 
May paper publishing her death, added, 

'• So frtdes a Summer cloud away, 

So sinks the gale when storms are o'er, 
So gently shuts the eye of day, 

So dies a wave along the shore," 

Ann L, seemed piously inclined from her early childhood. After 
attending her father's school several years at Cape May, her parents 
were encouraged to send her, when only ten years old, to an excel- 
lent private school in Philadelphia. While there she attended some 
interesting revival meetings conducted by Rev. William Ramsey,, 
pastor of the Mariner's Church, in that city. Under them she was 
deeply impressed, and hopefully converted unto God. When she 
returned home, only eleven years of age, she united with the Cold 
Spring Presbyterian Church, October 29, 1828, and from that time 
forward she ever led a consistent and devoted Christian life. I well 
remember the pious influence she exerted upon my mind, when I 
was a little boy, after she returned from her school in Philadelphia 
and sung one Sabbath evening some of the beautiful songs that she 
had learned at those revival meetings there. The following 
thoughts in one of them especially so impressed me that I shall 
never forget them. " Oh, there will be mourning, mourning, at the 
Judgment Seat of Christ. Ministers and people there must part, 
must part, to meet no more. Parents and children, brothers and 
sisters, there must part, must part, to meet no more." Then she 
sung, " Oh, it will be joyful, joyful, at the Judgment Seat of Christ. 
Ministers and people there will meet, will meet, to part no more. 
Parents and children, brothers and sisters, there will meet, will 
meet, to part no more." She was always and everywhere the same 
cheerful, patient and faithful follower of Jesus, trying to do for Him 
what she could. All her children loved her, looked up to her, and 



47. 

were moulded in their principles and practices for good by her. 
And " the heart of her husband did safely trust in her." 

Downs E Foster, her husband, was born at Fishing Creek, Cape 
May county, N. J., October 20th, 1807. He died at the residence 
of his son-in-law, James W. Eldredge, of West Cape May, October 
20th, 1886, aged exactly seventy-nine years. He had been for some 
time simply waiting for the Master's call, and then he passed quietly 
away on the anniversary day of his birth. His parents were Reuben 
and Nancy E. Foster. His father was born September 14, 1780, 
and died June 24, 1870, aged eighty-nine years, nine months and 
ten days — after having been an esteemed and faithful Ruling Elder 
in the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church for nearly forty-four years. 
Downs, with his older brother Robert, who lived several years 
longer, were raised on the old farm at Fishing Creek ; but Downs 
learned the carpenter trade also and became a first-class workman. 
He was a tall man, well proportioned, had a large brain and possessed 
decided mechanical genius. He had enjoyed only a common school 
education, but having a strong and enquiring mind he employed 
his leisure hours in miscellaneous reading and study of valuable 
books, so that he amassed a large fund of information on science, 
history, mechanics, philosophy and religion — which not only 
enriched his own mind, but made him one of the most agreeable 
and instructive companions in South Jersey to all with whom he 
associated. He afterwards sought and obtained of the United 
States government the position of keeper and manager of the Cape 
May Light House — a position of great responsibility. This he 
retained for many years, giving full satisfaction of his adaptability 
and efficiency until his advanced age required his retirement. 
Here too, he delighted to entertain the multitudes of strangers who 
annually visited this attractive edifice, with explanations of the 
philosophy, peculiarities an(i utility of these French revolving lights 
by which the Cape May Light House is distinguished from all other 
light houses along the United States coasts, and by which the tempest- 
tossed mariners may be guarded against, and saved from, the 
imminent danger of this immediate locality. He was a member 
and a Trustee also, of the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, and a 
man of positive character in both principle and practice. His 
funeral was largely attended on Friday, October 22, 1886, by his 



4?. 

numerous relatives and friends. His three sons, Reuben, Samuel 
and Douglass, and their uncle, Joseph E. Hughes, acted as pall- 
bearers; and on his tombstone are the impressive words — " At 
Rest." I will only add the following brief extracts from the funeral 
sermon preached by his pastor, the Rev. J. L. Landis.on the occasion, 
as corroborative of the character of the deceased, and as illustrative 
of the fulfillment of God's covenant promises in pious households — 
to be held by them in perpetual remembrance. " This aged father's 
faith was strong and his influence always good, and, when health 
and circumstances warranted, he was a regular attendant upon all 
the means of grace in the Lord's house. He loved his church and 
was always clear in his Christian hope and interested in religious 
conversation. Of such is ihe kingdom of heaven. Of their loss to 
the church on earth God's people here cannot know in time, but 
the influence and value of their lives, their prayers, and their counsels- 
will only be realized in eternity." "To you, sons and daughters, 
for whom he lived, it must have been very gratifying and consoling 
to him to hav^e lived long enough to have seen you all settled in 
your own homes. This is the just ambition and love of every 
parent, and also to enjoy everything that was interesting and good 
in your lives, and in the progress and growth of your families. 
Best of all, he lived long enough to see you all gathered into 
spiritual fellowship with him, to rejoice with him in a common 
hope of heaven, and in the prospect of a blessed reunion there. He 
lived long enough to know what the sweet responses would be to 
his anxious care and love for you all ; long enough, to give you 
the opportunity to repay in some slight degree at least all the 
kindness and w'atchful care and tenderness he ever had for you a\K 
And precious to day are these memories to you, of dut}^ done and 
affectionate interest always manifested to your dear father, now 
that all of human help and comfort is no longer of any avail May 
this filial affection shown in the presence of your children, to your 
father, have impressed itself deeply upon their minds, and you in 
turn share the same beautiful and loving filial devotion. And 
better than all, may their hearts be turned to the Lord, and you in 
each family have repeated the history of your father's family ; be 
unbroken, and united in grace as well as in blood." 

The children of Ann L. and Downs E. Foster were — Reuben, 



49. 

Jane Ann, Samuel Lawrence, Douglass, James Hewitt, Rhoda 
Forest, Ellen Edmunds, Eliza Eldredgeand Mary Carll, nine in all. 

1st. Reuben Foster was born at Cape May, New Jersey, October 
28, 1839. He received a common county school education, left 
home in his eighteenth year and went to southwestern Iowa, in 
connection with his uncle, Rev. Daniel L. Hughes and family, where 
he spent four years engaged in agricultural pursuits. At the 
breaking out of the late Civil War in 1861, he returned to his home 
at Cape May, N. J., from which place he enlisted as private in 
Company F, of the Twenty-fifth Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers. 
He was promoted to a lieutenancy for meritorious services in the 
battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, December 13, 1862. After his 
return from the army he attended Crittenden's Commercial Business 
College in Philadelphia, for one term of six months, preparatory 
to going into the Transportation business in 1867. He found 
an excellent Christian companion for life, on November 6, 1866, 
he was married to Sarah Louisa Hand, daughter of Parsons Hand 
and Sarah Carll Miller, his wife, all of Cape May, New Jersey. 
His wife, Sarah L. Hand, was born June 8, 1843. He afterwards 
located at Baltimore, Maryland, engaging in an important Southern 
Line of Steamship and Railroad Transportation between Baltimore 
and Richmond, Va., in which business he is still engaged, his 
address being, 222 Light Wharf street, Balimore, Md. In all 
his business transactions both in the West and East he has always 
proved himself entirely reliable, acceptable, efficient and successful. 
Mr. Foster left Cape May a poor boy, and has by steady persever- 
ance and business sagacity amassed quite a fortune. 

The children of Reuben and Sarah L. Foster, are Enoch Edmunds 
Foster, born September 2, 1867. 

Arthur Douglass Foster, born November 8, 1872. 

Reuben Carll Foster, born July 10, 1875. 

Gilbert Foster, born October 29th, 1877, died June 30, 1878. 

Frederick Foster, born October 5th, 1 879. They are all fine sons. 

2d. Jane Ann Foster, the second child of Ann L. and Downs E. 
Foster, was born at Cold Spring, N. J., May 8, 1841 ; educated at 
the Cold Spring Academy, under the care of Rev. Moses Williamson, 
and married by him at the Cold Spring parsonage to Aaron D. E. 
Crowell, September 13, 1859. Aaron D. E. Crowell, her husband, 



50. 

was the son of Captain Page and Tryphena Crowell, and was born 
in Philadelphia, August 20, 1834. His father, the son of Aaron 
and Sarah P. Crowell, was born at Cape May, June 6,1806, followed 
the sea for forty years, and died at his son's residence near the 
Cape May Light House, August 23, 1886, aged eighty years, two 
months and seventeen days. His mother, the daughter of Downs 
and Elizabeth Edmunds, was born at Fishing Creek, N. J., February 
20, 1809, and died November 29, 1834, aged twenty -five years, nine 
months and nine days. After her death, their son, Aaron D. E. was 
taken and raised by his grand parents. Downs and Elizabeth 
Edmunds, at Fishing Creek, N. J. He lived with them and took 
care of them in their old age. For the last twelve or fifteen years 
he has been occupied in the steamboat business at Cape May as 
Messenger and Baggage Master. The children of Jane Ann and 
Aaron D. E. Crowell, are — 

(i). Thomas S. Crowell, born at Fishing Creek, N. J., June 8, 
i860. His education was received at the Cape Academy, N. J. ; 
his occupation is that of chief engineer. His present residence is 
Philadelphia. He was married in the Spruce Street Baptist Church, 
Philadelphia, to Emma M. Herring, of that city, by their pastor, 
December 9, 1878. His wife was born June 10, i860. They have 
one child, Willie H. Crowell, born August 23, 1880. 

(2). Edward M. Crowell, born at Fishing Creek, N. J., March 25, 
1862. Received his education at Cape Academy. His occupation, 
a Gold Beater at West Cape May Factory. His place of residence 
West Cape May, N. J, He was married June 9, 1883, to Orilla 
Whilden, of Cape May Court House, at the Methodist Parsonage, 
by Rev. Mr. Hancock. His wife was born November, 1864. They 
have one child, Anna Foster, born December 18, 1884. 

(3). Tryphena P. Crowell, born at Fishing Creek, N. J., April 
15, 1864. Educated at the Cape Academy, and married at her 
home August 30, 1882, by Rev. Alonzo P. Johnson, to William G. 
Essen, baker and confectioner, at Cape May City. They have had 
two sons, Willis G. Essen and John R. Essen. The latter son died 
August, 1885. 

(4). Anna Foster Crowell, named after her grandmother, Ann 
Foster, was born at the Cape, January 5, 1866. She was educated 
at the Cape Academy, and married February 9, 1886, at the Cape 



51. 

May City Parsonage, by Rev. C. A. Brewster, to George Chester 
Germon. His occupation was that of expressman and telegraph 
operator. His residence was at Philadelphia, until near the close 
of his last sickness ; but he was formerly from Bridgeton, N, J. 
Two children were born to them. Ralph C. and Edward M. 
Germon. Ralph C. Germon, the oldest son, died June 14, 1889. 
The father, George Chester Germon, was born at Bridgeton, N. J., 
April 5, 1 86 1, and died at Cape May, of La Grippe, January 9, 
1890, aged twenty-eight years, nine months and four days. He 
was buried in the Cold Spring cemetery. Anna F., the wife and 
mother bears up bravely with her loss of a good husband and father, 
as this is a double bereavement ; but God is her support. The 
remaining son is two-and-a-half years old, and a bright little fellow. 

(5). Sarah E. Crowell, was born at Cape District, May 8, 1867. 
She was educated at the Lower Cape Academy, and was married 
September, 1890, to John Snyder, of Fishing Creek, N. J., by Rev. 
J. L.. Landis. 

(6). Clarence S. Crowell, was born at the Cape May Light 
House, February 5, 1873, and died July 23, 1873, aged five months, 
two weeks and four days. 

(7). Comfort F. Crowell, was born in Lower Cape May, March 24, 
1875, and died September 2, 1875, aged five months and eight days. 

(8 and 9). Ella Foster Crowell and Mary Ada Crowell, twin 
daughters, were born May 19, 1876, and died June 20, 1876, aged 
four weeks and one day. 

(10). A. D. E. Crowell was born January 15, 1881, and died 
August 20, 1 88 1, aged seven months and five days. 

3d. Samuel Lawrence Foster, the third child of Ann L. and 
Downs E. Foster and named after the Rev. Samuel Lawrence, was 
born February 22, 1843, ^t Cold Spring, Cape May County, N. J. 
He attended the District School during the Winter months from 
about 1849 to i860. As to his occupation, he has been in the 
roofing business for the past twenty-five years in Washington City, 

D. C ; Philadelphia ; Atlanta, Ga., and Norfolk, Va. His present 
address is Norfolk, Va. He was married August 31, i87i,byRev. 

E. B. Bruen, in Philadelphia, to Marion Upham, who was born in 
Philadelphia, April 8, 1848 ; daughter of Samuel Curtis Upham, 
who was born February 2, 18 19, in Montpelier, Vermont, and Ann 



Eliza Bancroft, his wife, who was born at Fishing Creek, Cape May 
County, N. J., April 22, 1829. 

The children of Samuel L. and Marion U. Foster, are six, viz: 

Curtis Upham Foster, born in Philadelphia, May 4, 1874. 

Lilian Foster, born in Philadelphia, July 25th, 1876. 

Howard Lawrence Foster, born in Philadelphia, July 14, 1879. 

Marion Upham Foster, born in Philadelphia, May 19, 1882. 

Herbert Warren Foster, born in Philadelphia, September 2, 1885, 
and died in Braidentown, Florida, January 31, 1886. 

Wilmer Strong Foster, born in Philadelphia, November 30, 1887. 

4th. Douglass Foster, the tourth child of Ann L. and Downs E. 
Foster, was born November 28, 1844, at Cape May, N. J., and 
received his education there. He is engaged with the York River 
Steamboat Company, Baltimore, Md. His address is 2303 North 
Charles street, Baltimore. He was married in Philadelphia, Pa., 
November 11, 1875, by Rev. Dr. Hensen, to Mary E. Crowell, of 
Philadelphia. Her parents are Somers Crowell and Ellen Leslie 
Crowell. The children of Douglass and Mary E. Crowell, are — 

Leslie D. Foster, born August 6, 1877, and Nellie Foster, born 
August 27, 1880. 

5th. James Hewitt Foster, the fifth child of Ann L. and Downs E. 
Foster, was born January 8, 1847, and died June 10, 1852, aged 
five years, five months and two days. 

6th. Rhoda Forest Foster, the sixth child of Ann L. and Downs 
E. Foster, was born July 12, 1848. She received her education at 
the Public School Academy in West Cape May, with one term 
extra in a select school taught by her uncle, Rev. James P. Hughes, 
at Cape May City. Her mother died when she was sixteen years 
old, and she was then called to take her place in overseeing household 
affairs and in attending to her father's family. She was married 
October 13, 1868, to William Leonard Cummings, of Fishing 
Creek, N. J., at the Cold Spring Parsonage, by Rev. Moses 
Williamson. Her husband was born June 11, 1845. The names 
of his parents were Leonard and Lydia Cummings. His business 
is that of a house carpenter , he is a member of the Cold Spring 
Presbyterian Church, and has been connected with its choir for 
twenty years. The children of Rhoda Forest and William L. 
Cummings are : 



53. 

(i). Harry Edmunds Cummings, born May ii, 1870, and died 
March 3, 1875, aged four years, nine months and twenty-two days. 

(2). George Ogden Cummings, born January 25, 1873. He is 
now eighteen years old, is a member of the Cold Spring Presby- 
terian Church, attends to his religious duties, and bids fair to be a 
good and useful man. 

(3). Emma Eldredge Cummings, born February 13, 1875, and 
died of scarlet fever, September 14, 1887, aged twelve years, seven 
months and one day. She was a member of the Cold Spring 
Presbyterian Church, and a very promising child. 

(4). Ralph Lee Cummings, born December 9, 1877, Ralph is 
now thirteen years of age — is a fine boy — has many friends — is 
lively and active, with a jolly disposition — can ride any kind of a 
horse or bicycle, and if he lives will make a solid man. 

7th. Eliza Eldredge Foster, the seventh child of Ann L. and 
Downs E. Foster, was born August 22, 1850, and died June 4, 
1 85 1, aged nine months and thirteen days. 

8th. Ellen Edmunds Foster, the eighth child of Ann L. and 
Downs E. Foster, was born January 7, 1853. She attended school 
at the Cape Academy from childhood until she was about sixteen 
years of age. She was married to Lafayette Miller Hall, on 
November 12, 1876, by the Rev. Thomas S. Dewing, at the Cold 
Spring Parsonage. Her husband was born June 19, 1849. His father, 
Joseph Hall, was born February 19, 1807, and is still living and 
active at eighty-four years of age. His mother, Jane E. Hall, was 
born December 24, 1809, and died March 21, 1887, aged seventy- 
seven years, two months and twenty-seven days. Her remains lie 
with her kindred m the Cold Spring cemetery. The occupation of 
Mr. L. M. Hall is the real estate business at Cape May City. 

The children of Ellen E. and Lafayette M. Hall are — Harriet 
Shaw Hall, born February 3, 1878; Mary Eldredge Hall, born 
May 3, 1880, and William Cummings Hall, born January 14, i883_ 

9th. Mary Carll Foster, the ninth and last child of Ann L. and 
Downs E. Foster, was born May 3, 1855. She was sent to school 
to the Cape Academy until she was eighteen years old. Her 
husband attended the same school. She was married in 1874, by 
the Rev. Thomas S. Dewing, her pastor, to James W. Eldredge, 
son of Daniel C. Eldredge, contractor and builder. Her husband 



54 

was born November 24, 1853, and is by trade a carpenter, but for 
the past thirteen years he has been in the Life Saving Service at 
Cape May Point, N. J. 

The children of Mary C.and James W. Eldredgeare — (i). Samuel 
Foster Eldredge, born April n, 1873. (2). Downs Foster 
Eldredge, born August 31, 1876, and died August r, 1878, aged 
one year, eleven months and one day. (3). George Bolton Eldredge, 
born April 26, 1878. 

The total number of Mrs. Ann L. Foster's children, grand children 
and great-grand children are forty eight — of whom thirty -five are 
now living, 

3. Daniel Lawrence HuGHESr the third child of James R. and 
Eliza E. Hughes, will be sketched elsewhere. 

4. Judge Joseph Eldrectge Hughes was the fourth child af 
James R. and Eliza E. Hughes, and was born at the old homestead 
in Cape May County, July 31, 182 1. In his thirteenth year, or on' 
May I, 1834, he united with the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church 
on the profession of his faith. He grew to manhood on his father's 
farm, and enjoyed such educational privileges as the times and 
circumstances afforded, especially those of his father and pastor. 
He was married November 28, 1842, to Experience Somers, 
daughter of Captain Richard Somers, of Atlantic County, N. J. 
Besides cultivating his own small farm he was a successful school 
teacher for fifteen years in several districts adjoining bis home. 
And many of the youth of Cape May County are indebted to him 
for the sound instruction and moral principles that he imparted to 
them for their subsequent success in life. He succeeded his father 
as Superintendent of the Sunday School at Cold Spring, which he 
retained tor many years. He was also elected a Ruling Elder in 
the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, and was ordained and instai'ed 
there as such on the first Sabbath in May, 1855. This office he 
faithfully filled until he removed by certificate to the Cape May 
City church, January 13, 1877, and is an acting Ruling Elder now 
in that church. In public life, because of his integrity of character 
and general knowledge of public affairs, his fellow citizens were led 
to bestow upon him many offices of trust and honor. Before he 
went to reside at Cape May City, he served as Clerk of Township 



55. 

Committee, Superintendent of Public Schools and ex-officio member 
of County Examining Board under the old law; Clerk of the board 
of Chosen Freeholders and member of the same. With Dr. C. F. 
Learning he served as a building committee for the erection of the 
Clerk's and Surrogate's offices, at the Court House, in 1865. The 
substantial character of these offices speak well for the faithful 
■manner in which the committee did their duty. Mr. Hughes also 
got the appointment of Commissioner of Deeds, 

In 1872 he removed to Cape May City, and soon after was 
elected to its Council. While in that body he was instrumental in 
■establishing the first city water works, being associated with R. B, 
Swain, Esq., for that purpose. In 1874, his neighbors, without 
regard to party, asked that Mr. Hughes be appointed the Lay 
Judge of the county. The Governor of the State of New Jersey 
granted the petition, and commissioned him to wear the judicial 
ermine for five years, and then re-appointed him for another term, 
but he resigned after serving three years of it to assume the duties 
of Post Master of Cape May City, having been appointed thereto 
by President Arthur. The Judge made an excellent officer, and 
was retired with an honorable discharge at the change of Adminis- 
tration. In 1886 his fellow citizens made the Judge an Alder- 
man, an office he held until his resignation. He has also 
rented and managed several of the large hotels at Cape May City, 
for boarders, during successive summer seasons. He has thus 
proved himself to bean honorable, highly respected and useful citizen. 

Experience Somers Hughes, the wife of Joseph E. Hughes, was 
born at Somers Point, Atlantic County, N. J., October 23, 1824, 
and died suddenly of apoplexy and heart disease, at Cape May City, 
on Thursday night, January 28, 1886, aged sixty -one years, three 
months and five days. We add the following facts from her obituary 
published in a Cape May City paper. 

" When about sixteen years of age she was sent to the Cold 
Spring Academy, this county, then under the care of Rev. Moses 
Williamson, who was also pastor of the Presbyterian Church of that 
place. Here she remained for two years. In her seventeeth year 
she made, a profession of her faith in the Lord Jesus Christ and 
-united with the Presbyterian Church at Cold Spring. In her 
eighteenth year she was married to Mr. Hughes, and during a long 



56. 

married life of forty-four years, she was a true and faithful wife and 
mother, as well as a consistent Christian. The beauty of her youth 
was impressed upon her countenance even in death. Although 
suddenly called to leave, she was not unprepared for the sujnmons. 
For her to depart and to be with Christ is far better. Her worthy 
and stricken husband, and her beloved children and friends mourn 
as those who have hope. May we each be ready also when the 
Master calleth for us — ^whether it be at midnight, at cock-crowing 
or in the morning — that we may enter with him into the joy of our 
Lord." D. L. H. 

The children of Joseph E. and Experience S. Hughes were three 
— William Somers, Laura S. and Joseph Henry. 

William Somers, the first child, was born July 29, 1843, and died 
May 5, 1845, aged one year, nine months and six days. 

Laura S., the second child, was born February 2, 1848, was 
educated in the home schools, united with the. Cold Spring Presby- 
terian Church, and was married February, 1867, to Jonathan 
Hoffman, by Rev. Moses Williamson. They had three children. 
The first, a little daughter, died when a few days old, nameless. 
Their two boys are Edward H. and Howard S. Edward Hoffman, 
the oldest son, besides his education in the common schools at 
Cape May, and his knowledge of farming, has gone to Trenton 
College, N. J., to prepare himself for something still more useful, 
Howard S., the next son, has taken up the study of surveying, and 
will remain at home assisting his father on his farm. They are 
young men of good character and promise, members of the Cold 
Spring Presbyterian Church, and will no doubt prove useful men 
and good soldiers of the cross. Their address is Cold Spring,. 
Cape May county, N. J. 

Joseph Henry, the third child of Joseph E. and Experience S. 
Hughes, was born January 5, 1853. Besides his education at Cape 
May, he attended for two years the Bridgeton Academy, N. J., and 
also spent two years at Trenton College, N. J. He is a member of 
the Presbyterian Church, and is engaged in merchandise and the 
real estate business at Cape May City. He \\'as married February 
28, 1878, by Rev. Mr. Brittain, at Moorestown, N. J., to Emma T. 
Bennett, daughter of Abram and Sarah C. Bennett, of Cape May 
county. Mrs. Bennett was afterwards married to James Learning. 



57. 

They have two children, both daughters, viz. : Sallie K.Hughes, 
aged twelve years, and Jennie W. Hughes aged five years. They 
are fine little girls. 

After the loss of his excellent first wife, ex-Judge Joseph E. 
Hughes on September 14, 1886, married Mrs, Mary A. Farrow, a 
worthy Christian lady, of Cape May City. They now occupy their 
cottage on Bank street, highly esteemed by all who know them. 

5. William Geddes Hughes was the fifth child of James R. 
and Eliza E. Hughes, and was born June 13, 1823. He died 
September 28, 1824, caused by falHng into a pan of hot fat, aged 
one year, three months and fifteen days. 

6. Harriet Newell Hughes, their sixth child, was born July 
23, 1825, enjoyed educational privileges under her father and pastor, 
joined the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, February 20, 1840, 
in her fifteenth year, and was married to Rev. Charles M. Oakley, 
July 24, 1844, at her father's house by her brother. Rev. Daniel L. 
Hughes. Mrs. Oakley ever proved by h er industry, economy, piety, 
consistency and fidelity a great help-mate to her pious- and devoted 
husband in both his home and public work ; while at the same time 
she was always considerate of the poor and needy, and was ready 
with advice, hand and purse to help forward every benevolent and 
missionary work of the church. She still lives, and is eminently 
active and useful wherever she resides. 

Rev. Charles M. Oakley, her husband, was born in New York 
City, July 2, 1815, and died at Northport, L. I., February 16, 1882, 
aged sixty-six years, seven months and fourteen days. His remains 
lie buried in the cemetery there. The following excellent obituary 
of him, published in Southold, L. I., February 20, 1882, by E. W.^, 
one of his ministerial friends, is worthy of record here. 

" The Rev. Charles M. Oakley^ a member of the Presbytery of 
Long Island, died at his residence last week ; and his funeral was 
attended last Saturday in Northport, where he died He selected 
Northport for his home a few years since, because one of his sons 
had been engaged there for several years in the manufacture of 
silverware ; and the father was able to give him assistance in his 
somewhat extensive and generally profitable business. 

The Rev. Mr. Oakley was born in the city of New York (on the 



58. 

2d of July, 1815), and tlie urbanity and courteousness of his 
disposition, as well as the remarkable attractiveness of his manners, 
evinced the advantages of his early training in a christian home 
amid the refinements of a religious life in the great city. For good 
breeding and loveliness of character he was unsurpassed in the 
Presbytery. 

He prepared for the ministry in the Union Theological Seminary, 
New York city, during the years 1838 and 1839, and was the 
Presbyterian minister of Nyack, on the Hudson, in the years 1841 
and 1842, where he was ordained on the 25th of October, in the 
latter year. Then he became the pastor of the Presbyterian church 
in the city of Millville, in the southern part of New Jersey, 
where he faithfully ministered in the gospel four years. During 
this time he was married to his present wife. From Millville he 
removed to the city of Philadelphia, where he became the pastor of 
tlie Port Richmond Presbyterian church. But the condition of his 
health, never robust at any time during his ministry, led to his 
retirement from the city, after a trial of two years, and he accepted 
the pastoral care of North Germantown, New Jersey, where he 
fulfilled his responsible duties for a period of five years. It was then 
needful that he should be free from pastoral care and labor for a 
year or more. But he was able, in 1853, to resume the work for 
which he had a most hearty desire, and he began a ministry of 
fourteen years in Melville, Suffolk county. Long Island. These 
were years of prosperity for the church and of usefulness and 
comfort for himself and his family. His elder sons grew up to 
manhood and to ways of industry, virtue, and beneficial activity in 
this place. 

He was called in 1867 to be the minister of Amagansett, the most 
eastern church of Long Island ; and here for twelve or thirteen 
years he was most highly esteemed, greatly beloved, and eminently 
useful, as long as failing health would permit him to do the respon- 
sible labor required of a Christian pastor. Forty years of diligent, 
laborious service in the fulfillment of the duties of the pastoral care had 
<lone their work. His health was very feeble, and his throat painfully 
affected. He removed to the place where one of his sons was 
established in business ; and while he did not cease to preach, but 
preached frequently upon occasions, he did not undertake the 
responsibility of leadership and continuous labor. 



59, 

For some months past his health has been gradually giving way. 
His mental powers remained in their usual soundness ; and his 
spiritual affections and his Christian life and experience retained all 
their beauty and charming excellence to the last. 

His wife, several sons, and one daughter survive. His children, 
having married, had all left the parental home before his removal 
from Amagansett to Northport. Not only his bereaved widow and 
children, but also every minister of the Presbytery, and many others 
of the best and most intelligent Christian people of the county, 
must grieve that they will hear his voice and behold his serene 
and spiritually beautiful face no more. E. W. 

Southold, February 20, 1882. 

Rev. Charles M. and Harriet N. Oakley had three sons and two 
daughters, viz.: — Charles Payson, Robert Strong, Endora Smith, 
George Warner and Mary Ellen, and they were all church members. 

ist. Charles P., their first son, was born July 3, 1845, and was 
married June 20, 1872, to Elizabeth DeBow Oakley, by Rev. Dr. 
Buddington, assisted by Rev. Charles M.Oakley. His occupation 
is merchant tailor, New York. His Post Office address is i Vesey 
street, New York. The children of Charles P. and Elizabeth 
DeBow Oakley, are two daughters. The elder, Mary Forest 
Oakley, was born August 30, 1876, (a Centennial baby). The 
youngest, Isabel DeBow Oakley, was born December 28, 1883. 

2d. Robert S., their second son, was born April 16, 1848, and was 
married March 3, i868j to Margaretta J. Shields, by Rev. James 
Belden. His occupation is an accountant in A. Raymond & Co.'s 
clothing store, New York, his Post Office address is 219 Whiton 
street, Jersey City, N. J. They have had the following eight 
children — four sons and four daughters : Jennie Shields, Harriet 
Newell, Lillie May, Henry Shields, George Warner, Katie Mead, 
Robert Strong and Willie French. 

(i). Jennie Shields, their first child, was born October 26, 1868, 
and was married December 23, 1889 to Daniel J. Conhey, of New 
York, by Rev E. F. Crowen, Jersey City, N. J. 

(2). Harriet Newell, their second child, was born October 28', 
1870, and was married June 20, 1889, to Edward A. Laws, of 
Brooklyn, N. Y., by Rev. E. F. Crowen, Jersey City, N.J. 



60. 

(3). Lillie May, their third child, was born August 7, 1872, and 
died June 29, 1880, aged seven years, ten months and twenty two 
days. 

(4). Henry Shields, their fourth child, was born August 29. 1874. 

(5). George Warner, their fifth child, was born September 24, 
1876. and died November 5, 1877, aged one year, one month and 
eleven days. 

(6). Katie Mead, their sixth child, was born September 18, 1878. 

(7). Robert Strong, their seventh child, was born November 3, 
1880. 

(8). Willie French, their eighth child, was born September 26, 
1885. 

3rd. Endora Smith, the third child and first daughter of Rev. 
Charles M. and Harriet N. Oakley, was born April 2, 1849, and 
died April 30, 1849, aged four weeks. 

4th. George Warner, their fourth child and third son, was born 
March 26, 1850; wis married January 20, 1881, to Emily Bell 
Thompson, by Rev. Charles M. Oakley ; was engaged in the 
manufacture of gold and silver thimbles, Newark, N. J., and died 
August 3, 1882, aged 32 years, 4 months, and 7 days. He was 
buried at Northport, L. I. His widow is living in New York. 

5th. Mary Ellen, their fifth child and second daughter, was born 
August 19,1851, and was married June 27, 1877, to Arthur Butler 
by Rev. Charles M, Oakley. Mr. Butler is a farmer and lives on 
Long Island. His P. O. address is Box 122, Huntington, Suffolk 
county. Long Island, N. Y. They have five children all living and 
enjoying perfect health. 

(i). Albert Boardman Butler, born September 12, 1878. 

(2)- Margaret Oakley Butler, born April 14,1880. 

(3). Harold Lockwood Butler, born February 7, 1882. 

(4). Harriet Ellen Butler, born March 10, 1884. 

(5). Bessie Adelaide Butler, born May 19, 1886. 

7. Rev. James Potter Hughes, the seventh child of James R. 
and Eliza E. Hughes, was born at the old homestead, Cape May 
county, N. J., Dec. 15, 1827. He prepared for college at the Cape 
May Academy, N. J., Tuscarora Academy, Pa , and Lewistown 
Academy, Pa., and entered the sophomore class at Princeton College, 



61, 

N. J,, in 1847. He was converted at Cape Island during his 
Cliristmas vacation of 1848, and joined the First Church at 
Princeton the following summer. He graduated in 1850, united 
the same year with the New Brunswick Presbytery as a candidate 
under their care for the ministry, an.l entered the Theological 
Seminary at Princeton, September 1850. In 1852, his eyes failing 
him, he was influenced by Rev. Reuben Lowrie, Rev. Dr. Wm. C. 
Cattell and others, to accept a call as an Instructor in Luzerne 
Presbyterial Institute, at Wyoming, Pa., where he remained three 
years. After which, in 1855, he accepted an appointment as 
teacher in the Edgehill School, Princeton, N. J., then under the 
charge of Rev. Wm. C. Cattell, D.D. After six months Mr. Cattell 
being called to the Presidency of Lafayette College, Easton, Pa., 
he sold the school to Rev. James I. Helm, and Mr. Hughes became 
associate Principal. After one year Mr. Helm retired, and Mr. 
Hughes became sole Principal until 1864, when he sold out, 
and as Principal took charge of the Logansport Academy, 
Indiana. In September, 1867, he visited Tipton, Iowa, and 
acted as Superintendent of the Schools in that town until 
August, 1868, when he accepted a call to the academy in Bellefonte, 
Pa., as Principal, and where he has been earnestly, faithfully and 
successfully employed ever since — a period of over twenty-two 
years, almost a quarter of a century. Many years ago, under his 
untiring energy, the academy was greatly enlarged and improved ; 
and lately, under the same undaunted zeal and persevering effort, 
with a wise understanding of the necessities of a high Christian 
education for the best interests of the citizens of Bellefonte and of 
Centre county, both of the present and the future, six thousand 
dollars have been raised with which a fine residence has been built 
for the principal, and the academy has been remodeled, enlarged 
and improved in modern style, so as to be, in itself, an ornament to 
Bellefonte, the rich and intelligent county seat of Centre county, Pa., 
and be an increased comfort and power for good, physically, intel- 
lectually, morally and religiously for all its inmates for the coming 
century. No one can fully estimate the value of such christian 
academies. They ought to be multiplied and fostered all over our 
land. They meet a necessary and growing demand for the safety 
and perpetuity of both church and state in the higher education of 



63: 

the rising generation which our merely secular institutions can' 
never fill. Let them be heartily encouraged. They combine, at 
the lowest pecuniary cost, careful physical training, keen intellectual 
training, and, best of all, sound religious training — thus preparing 
every pupil by a well rounded education in body, mind and heart 
for the best results in any department of effort, for all time and 
eternity. The Bellefonte Academy is only one out of many of 
such good influences. As a thorough teacher and a wise disciplin- 
arian, James P. Hughes has been eminently successful. His 
influence thus for good has been very great. He has thus trained 
many who now praise him,* and who are doing efficient work in all 
the professions, and in all countries as his honored representatives. 
He is still fitting and sending out students who will be prepared 
from their first entrance upon college life to take a high position in 
their classes at Princeton College, N. J., or in any other of our best 
institutions of learning. I add a few brief testimonials of him out 
of many similar ones that might be given of his life-long influence 
for good in his specially chosen department of useful labor. 

Rev. William C. Cattell, D.D., LL. D., formerly President of 
Lafayette College, Pa., and now the tender and efficient Corresponding 
Secretary of the Presbyterian Board of Ministerial Relief, wrote — 
" As an instructor, Mr. Hughes is thorough and conscientious, and 
in the general management of a school, eminently judicious." The 
late Rev. Alfred Yeomans, D. D., formerly pastor of the Presby- 
terian church at Bellefonte, Pa., and afterwards pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church, at Orange, N. J., and who was the efficient 
agent in getting Mr. Hughes to assume the principalship of the 
Bellefonte Academy, thus wrote — " The qualifications of Mr. Hughes 
as a teacher of youth, are, in my judgment, of the very highest 
order. I would sooner commit a son of mine to his care than to that 
of any other instructor of my acquaintance." The late Hon. Samuel 
Linn, of Williamsport, Pa., said, " Having had two sons under the 
care of Rev. J. P. Hughes, my experience warrants me in pronouncing 
his school as one of the very best in the country, not only because 
of opportunities offered to pupils to acquire a thorough education, 
but also because of the watchful care exercised over their moral 
and religious training," Once more, T quote a published communi- 
cation from a friend of his visiting at Cape May, N. J., signed " W. 



H. G." — " Prof. J. P. Hughes, the successful principal of the Edgehill 
School, at Princeton, N. J., for so many years, and now the popular 
and equally successful principal of " The School in the Mountains," 
at Bellefonte, Pa., is on the island, and stopping at the Tremont 
House, or ' Island Home.' Many of his pupils, who are at this 
pleasant place of resort, take great pleasure in calling upon their 
revered instructor, for, to his faithful counsels and instruction they 
attribute much of their success in after life. Cordially do I endorse 
a statement, recently made by a distinguished gentleman of New 
Jersey that * rarely does a youthful character come under his hand 
without being permanently impressed for good.' It affords us 
pleasure to state that Prof. Hughes, who has attained such eminent 
success in his calling, is a native of Cape May, where he is still 
kindly and reverently remembered." 

While teaching at Wyoming, Pa,, Mr. Hughes continued his 
theological studies, and his relation was changed from the New 
Brunswick Presbytery to the Luzerne Presbytery, where he was 
licensed in 1853, and preached in its needy places. In 1868 he 
was at his request, dismissed to the Presbytery of Huntingdon, 
where he has often preached in the vacant churches, and was for 
some time stated supply in the Bald Eagle Church. 

On Thursday June 27, 1861, at 12 m., he was married to Emily 
Wiltsie Roberts, in Williamsburg, Long Island, by Rev. John D. 
Wells, D.D. She was the daughter of Charles Roberts, a Ruling 
Elder in Rev. Dr. J. D. Wells' church, Brooklyn, N. Y.,and Emma 
Sinclair Roberts, both parents being of Brooklyn, N. Y., and was 
born September 6, 1840. 

Emily Wiltsie Hughes died at Bellefonte, Pa., with consumption 
June 8, 1889. She was the mother of eight children, four sons and 
four daughters, viz. : Emma Sinclair, James Roberts, Eliz-ibeth 
Rushton, Charles Stone, Marion Foster, Edward Lawrence, Luther 
Eldredge and Ottilie Roberts. Mrs. Hughes was liberally educated 
in New York City. She was a faithful Sabbath School teacher in 
Dr. Wells' church up to the time of her marriage. She had fine 
talents for music, and an excellent musical education. She was 
very successful as an instructor, both in vocal and instrumental 
music. She had the charge of the department of music in the 
Bellefonte Academy for several years. She had at one time as 



64 

many as twenty pupils in instrumental music, besides a large vocal 
class of fifty pupils. Her work was very thorough and very 
successful. She was faithful in her attendance upon church 
ordinances. But in her home was her natural sphere where her 
Christian character was always manifest and where her power was 
felt. Faithful as a help-meet in keeping up family worship and 
private prayer ; faithful in reciting choice hymns and precious Bible 
truths every Sabbath evening at family worship, and faithful in 
teaching her children the Bible and the Shorter Catechism. Five 
of her children received Bibles from Governor James A. Beaver at 
different times for reciting the Shorter Catechism without missing 
a word ; all of which was due to her faithful training in this respect. 
Her influence for truth and for Christ will be felt as long as she 
has pupils or children to survive her, I record here the following 
obituary notice of her. 

" Alter a long illness of consumption, Mrs. Hughes, wife of Rev. 
J. P. Hughes, died at Bellefonte, Pa., this morning at three o'clock, 
June 8, 1889. Two or three times during her illness she was very 
near death's door, but her fine constitution and strong will power 
triumphed and she rallied. But now she is gone, and her husband 
and eight children, in her death, lose a most loving, tender and 
affectionate wife and mother. This is the first death in a very 
happy family. The deceased was a lady of the highest Christian 
character, adding to it a cultivated intellect and an amiable disposi- 
tion. We most earnestly sympathize with the family in the great 
grief which they must feel. The deceased was forty-eight years, 
nine months and two days old." 

The children of Rev. James P. and Emily W. Hughes, as noted 
above were eight, and the sketches of their lives are briefly as follows, 

ist. Emma Sinclair, was born at Princeton, N. J., January 13, 
1863. She is a member of the Presbyterian Church ; was educated 
in her father's school at Bellefonte, also at Birmingham, Pa., 
and at Burlington, Vermont. She taught with much success her 
own school for several years at High Bridge, N. J. She afterwards 
taught Latin, French and German in the Presbyterian Female 
Institute at Charlotte, North Carolina. For the last few years she 
has had the charge of the children's department in the Bellefonte 
Academy. At present writing, October, 1890, she is engaged again 



65. 

in her own school encouragingly at Flat Rock, N. C. Like her 
mother, she is also a fine musician and meets every demand 
approvingly, that is made upon her. 

2d. James Roberts was born at Cape Island, N. J., December 
29, 1864. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church, and 
graduated with honor at Princeton College, in June, 1885. He has 
ever since assisted his father in the Bellefonte Academy, taking the 
entire charge of the department of ancient and modern languages, 
and has proved himself to be a popular, thorough and successful 
teacher. He takes an active interest in christian and church work. 
He is a member of the church choir, a regular member of the 
Sabbath school, and the President of the Young Men's Christian 
Association. He is also the correspondent of Bellefonte for the 
Philadelphia Press, and a frequent correspondent of other important 
papers of New York and elsewhere, and wields a ready, reliable pen. 

3d. Elizabeth Rushton was born at Tipton Iowa, November 13, 
1867 ; is a member of the Presbyterian church ; was educated at 
Bellefonte Academy and at Birmingham Mountain Seminary ; was 
associated as a worker in Missionary Bands, and was married in 
Chicago, Illinois, January i, 1890, to Albert J. Dunseth, of Chicago, 
by her uncle. Rev. Jacob V. Hughes, of Shawano, Wisconsin. Her 
home is at Chicago, Illinois. 

4th. Charles Stone was born in Bellefonte, Pa., April 2, 1870 ; is 
a member of the Presbyterian church ; prepared for college at the 
Bellefonte Academy, and is now pursuing his studies as a regular 
student at Princeton college. 

5th. Marion Foster was born in Bellefonte, Pa., November 16, 
1872; was educated at the Bellefonte Academy, and was married 
there July 17, 1890, to Frank P. Bassett, a chemist, by Rev. William 
Laurie, D.D., assisted by her uncle, Rev. Daniel L. Hughes, D.D. 
Her home is in Bellefonte, Pa. 

6th. Edward Lawrence was born in Bellefonte, Pa., February 25, 
1876. A bright and promising boy, 

7th. Luther Eldredge was born in Bellefonte, Pa., March 26, 
1878. A smart and promising boy. 

8th. Ottilie Roberts was born in Bellefonte, Pa., March 9, 1881. 
An affectionate, lively and interesting little daughter. Oh ! how 
will these three little ones miss the tender love, watchful care, and 



prayerful instruction of their dear, absent mother. May God in 
covenant grace and mercy ever guide them, and keep them as in 
the hollow of his hand from all evil. They are all at present at 
school in the Bellefonte Academy. 

8. Hannah Eliza Hughes, the eighth child of James R. and 
Eliza E. Hughes, was born in her father's house at Cape May, N. J., 
February 21, 1830. She made a profession of religion in her early 
years, and consistently and faithfully maintained it until her dying 
hour. She received her education under her own father, and Rev. 
Moses Williamson, her pastor, at Cape May, and at Lewistown 
Academy, Pa., and afterwards graduated at the Fairview Female 
Seminary, Jacksonville, Centre county. Pa., under the care of Rev. 
S. M. Cooper. She then became assistant principal there untd her 
marriage July 7th, 1852, to Thomas McMinn, a carpenter in that 
vicinity. They moved to Altoona, Pa., and made that their home 
until her death, August 15, 1861, aged thirty-one years five months 
and twenty-four days. The following obituary notice of her was 
taken from an Altoona paper of that date. 

"Died, in this borough, on the 15th instant, Mrs. Hannah E. 
McMinn, wife of Thomas McMinn in the thirty-second year of her 
age. In the decease of Mrs, McMinn, the community mourn the 
loss of an esteemed friend, the church of an exemplary Christian, 
and the family of an affectionate wife and loving mother. The 
characteristic of her Christian life was humility ; always avoiding 
undue publicity and show, but exhibiting to all the depth of her 
piety and the fervency of her zeal by a godly walk and conversation, 
and manifesting her confidence in God by a quiet submission to the 
aflflictive dispensation of his providences. The same hope which 
cheered in life sustained her in her declining days. During her 
protracted and painful illness, she exhibted no ordinary amount of 
child-like submission to the will of God — uttering no word of 
complaint, but ever ready to say : 

' Thy will be done." 

For a considerable time before death she seemed fully aware that 
her departure was at hand. She looked upon death without alarm, 
and patiently awaited its approach. She took especial delight in 
the sacred Scriptures, particularly in the devotional and promissory 



67* 

portions, and seeme<i to be in almost constant communication with 
God. Her mind remained unclouded till the last — her faith firm 
and unshaken, and she died as she lived, trusting in the Lord." She 
was buried in the Altoona cemetery. 

Mr. Thomas and Mrs. Hannah E. McMinn had five children. 

1st. Charles W. was born August i6, 1853, and died June 7, 
1854, aged nine months and twenty-two days. 

2d. James H. was born August 25, 1855, and died September 19, 
1856, a^ed one year and twenty-five days. 

3d Lawrence N. was born June 7, 1857, and died October 10, 
1858, aged one year, four months and three days. 

4th. Elizabeth F. was born at Altoona, Pa., June 20, 1-859. 

5th. John Calvin, was born May, 1861, and died July, 1861, the 
month before its mother died, aged two months. 

The four sons that died are all buried with their mother in the 
same lot in the Altoona cemetery, Pennsylvania, and each one has 
its own proper tombstone. 

Ehzabeth F. McMinn was educated at Birmingham, Pa., from 
January, 1873, to June, 1876, taught music in Chicago from Sep- 
tember, 1879, to September, 1889, and was married at Chicago, 111., 
to Mr. William F. Tucker, at noon on Thursday, September 12, 1889, 
in St. Paul's Reformed Episcopal Church by the rector. Bishop 
Samuel Fallows. She now signs her name, Elizabeth F. Tucker. 

Mr. William F. Tucker, her husband, was born September 29, 
1849, ^^ Enford, Wiltshire, England, and was also educated in 
England. He came to this country and settled in business in 
Chicago, and remained there for twelve years. He is now engaged 
in Minnesota Farm Mortgages, at Minneapolis, Minn. A lady 
living in Iowa, who met him, thinks he is a splendid gentleman. 

9. Mary Bennett Hughes, the ninth child of James R. and 
Eliza E. Hughes, was born at Cape May, N. J,, March 25, 1833. 
She united with the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, May 14, 
1844, when she was only a little over eleven years old. Like her 
sisters, she attended school at Cape May, first with her father, and 
then at the Academy with her pastor. She afterwards spent some 
time at the Fairview Seminary, in Centre county. Pa., with her 
sister Hannah Eliza, and then went to Cottage Seminary at Pottstown, 
Pa., Rev. William Work, Principal, where she graduated. Receiving 



68. 

a call, she taught school one year near Smyrna, Delaware. While 
there she took a deep interest in the small Presbyterian Church at 
Smyrna, helped organize a Woman's Sewing Society, and raised 
5300; then, with the additional aid of the men, they renovated the 
building and made it one of the prettiest little churches around. 
That same year a revival of religion commenced there, and numbers 
were added to the church. Needing rest, Mary B. got her sister 
Emma to take her place in the school, and then visited her home 
at Cape May, N. J, After a little she taught there for a time, and 
then went to Southwestern Iowa, to visit her brother, Rev. Daniel 
L. Hughes, where she assisted him one winter in a high school at 
Glenwood, Mills county, Iowa, and afterwards took charge of the 
public school at Plattsmouth, Cass county, Nebraska. She taught 
there until she was married by her brother. Rev. Daniel L. Hughes, 
at his residence in Pacific City, Iowa, on November 15, i860, to 
Charles Hollister Fletcher, Esq., of Plattsmouth, Nebraska. His 
father was John Cotton Fletcher, born in the Isle of South Hero, 
Lake Champlain, Vermont, September 24, 1805. His mother was 
Sarah Terrell Anthony Fletcher, born in Richmond, Va., September 
25, 1811. They were married in Springfield, Ohio, May 9, 1832. 
His father died April 12, 1861, and his mother died June 15, 1886, 
Both are buried at Burlington, Iowa. 

Charles Hollister Fletcher, their eldest son, was born in Springfield, 
Ohio, September 7, 1837. He pursued his studies in the Academy 
in Denmark, Iowa, and at Lombard College, Galesburg, Illinois. 
He then passed through a successful course of study at West 
Point, N. Y., until May 31, 1856. After leaving West Point, he 
read law in the office of Browning and Phelps, Burlington, Iowa ; 
practiced in Plattsmouth, Nebraska, and after marriage visiting 
Cape May, N. J., with his wife, practiced some there, and also while 
there united with the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church. They then 
returned to the home of his parents, Burlington, Iowa. When the 
war broke out in 1 861, he entered the service of his country as 
Second Lieutenant, Regular United States Army. He was 
promoted right along as First Lieutenant ; then as Captain, and 
then at the battle of Corinth, Mississippi, he was brevetted Major 
for meritorious conduct. At the close of the war, he resigned his 
commission on account of ill health ; but with his family he resided 



for a numberof years in Louisville, Ky., and in Washington, D. C, in 
the employ of the Government, after which he came with his family 
to Chicago, III., and engaged in literary and newspaper business. 
He resided here during the great Chicago fire on October 9, 1871, 
and with others suffered there much loss. Dr. C. O. Waters 
(Calvin), who was an eye witness and a sufferer, also, wrote of that 
terrible catastrophe thus : — " The fire burned fiercely for twenty-four 
hours, entirely destroyed the business portion of the city and nearly 
all its residence districts, made one hundred thousand people 
homeless, and consumed property amounting to at least ^100.000,000 
and left Chicago without a bank, without a newspaper office, 
without a prominent hotel, or a single public building; an event 
which brought so many pecuniary losses that have never been and 
never will be replaced, but from which we were glad to escape 
alive, and in such clothing as was most handy at the time." 

Mr. Fletcher's health again failing him, he, with his family, spent 
some time at Vinton, Iowa, and then he took the Presidency of the 
Narrow Guage Railroad project, to connect the South with Iowa 
and other Western States. He was thus acting at the time of his 
death. He died at Keosauqua, Iowa, January 2, 1877, aged forty- 
nine years, three months and twenty-five days, and was buried in 
the family lot, in the Burlington cemetery, Iowa. 

After his death, his wife having recovered from a long illness 
returned to Chicago and taught school there until her throat and 
lungs (ailed her. She rested and visited her brother. Rev. Jacob 
V. Hughes, at Kllbourn City, Wisconsin, remaining with him for 
six months, and so far recovered her strength that she was able to 
return to Chicago and accept the Matronship of the Talcott Home 
and Free Kindergarten School, that was offered her — where for the 
last five or six years she has been enabled to do efficient, useful 
and satisfactory work, even with impaired health, among the poor 
and fallen classes. Her life has been one of toil and trial — one of 
energy and piety, of activity and suffering, of devotion and usefulness. 

Hollie Hughes Fletcher, the only son of Charles H. and Mary 
B. Fletcher, was born in Burlington, Iowa, August 22, 1861, and 
died in Chicago, III., April 11, 1888, aged twenty-six years, seven 
months and nineteen days. He was buried in the family lot in the 
cemetery of Burlington, Iowa. 



70. 

An infant daughter, two months after its father'is death, was born 
to them in Unionville, Pa., March 2, 1877, and was buried March 
3, 1877, in Unionville, Pa. 

10. Emma Melinda Hughes, the tenth child of James R. and 
Eliza E. Hughes, was born at Cape May, N. J., January 22, 1836. 
She made a profession of religion in the Cold Spring Presbyterian 
Church, February 12, 1852, when sixteen years of age, and has 
ever since proved faithful to her covenant Lord and Redeemer. She 
went to school first to her father, then studied in the Cold Spring 
Academy under her pastor, then went to Fairview Seminary at 
Jacksonville, Pa., and from thence to Mt. Holyoke Seminary, Mass., 
where she spent two years — leaving there in 1856. She then took 
her sister Mary's place in the school near Smyrna, Delaware, and 
taught there for some time ; after which she went to the assistance 
of her brother, Rev. James P. Hughes, at Edgehill School, Princeton, 
N. J., and remained there until her marriage. She was married 
July 31, 1 86 1, at Edgehill, Princeton, N. J., by Rev. Charles M. 
Oakley, to Rev. John Sinclair Roberts, the brother of her sister-in- 
law, Mrs. Rev. James P. Hughes. Her husband, Rev. John S- 
Roberts, was born in New York City, July 25, 1839. ^^ received 
his classical education at the college of the city of New York. 
After he left college he decided to study law, and went with letters- 
of introduction to Hon. William F. Seward, Auburn, N. Y., intending 
to study in his office. Rev. Samuel R. Brown, D.D., of the Dutch 
Reformed Church, had returned, as a Foreign Missionary, from 
Singapore, to educate his family and had a school in Auburn. Mr. 
Roberts, being a fine classical scholar, was engaged to teach some 
hours in this school. There he met Mrs. Phebe Brown, the mother 
of Rev. Dr. Drown. It was she who wrote that beautiful hymn — 
" I love to steal awhile away." She took a great fancy to Mr. 
Roberts, loving him as a son ; and it was through her influence 
that he became a Christian. He then changed his plans in regard 
to law, and preferred to be an ambassador for Christ. He went to 
Princeton, N. J., studied theology there for three years, and 
graduated in 1861. During the last two years of his course in the 
Theological Seminary, he taught Greek in the Edgehill School, 
Princeton, under the care of Rev. James P. Hughes. After his 



71. 

inarriage in July, he left with his wife, as missionaries, for China, 
October 12, 1861. There they labored diligently and successfully 
for four years. Mr. Roberts being an excellent linguist soon 
acquired the mastery of the Chinese language and spoke it fluently. 
But in 1864, his health broke down from a disease affecting 
the blood, so that in 1865, he was compelled to return with his 
family to America. In 1866, he was chosen assistant to Rev. John 
D. Wells, D.D., in Brooklyn, E. D. In 1867, he was elected to 
the chair of Mathematics and Astronomy in Jefferson College, at 
Canonsburgh, Pa. Here his health again gave way by a hemorrhage 
-of the kidneys, and he had to resign his professorship. In 1869, 
he supplied the vacant pulpit in the Bellefonte Presbyterian Church, 
Pa., for three months ; and as he was an able, fluent and popular 
preacher, he might have received a call to become its regular pastor 
had not his impaired health warned him against accepting such 
heavy responsibilities. 

He went as the first pastor to the Glen Cove Church, N. Y., 
December 2, 1869. Afterwards, being invited by his brother-in-law 
to assist him in teaching in the Bellefonte Academy, Pa., he accepted 
the invitation and returned to Bellefonte in 1871. But he had all 
along cherished the hope that he might be able to enter soon upon 
his chosen missionary work in China; and so in 1874, contrary to 
the advice of many of his friends, he returned with his family to 
Shanghai, China. He immediately and zealously engaged in his 
beloved work with all his powers. This work in China consisted 
-chiefly in preaching and translating the Scriptures. He had charge 
of four Chinese schools ; he went out to his chapels nearly every 
day ; itinerated in the country, and he preached often in English 
to English audiences. His leisure was occupied in studying 
Chinese. His wife writes, " I never knew of more indefatigable 
labor." Rev. Dr. J. D. Wells said, " He had done the work of two 
men in his short life time." But he could stand it no longer. His 
constitution, never very strong, succumbed through overwork to 
nervous prostration which affected his brain in 1878. He was again 
compelled to leave China, and arrived in America, October, 1878. 
The next day he was taken to Morris Plains, N. J., where he has 
been ever since, retired from all public and responsible duties. 
He remains in about the same condition. Sometimes he is cheerful 



73, 

and patient, and at other times he is restless and suffers mentally^. 
His situation is a very trying one, both for himself and his family. 
The affliction itself seems a remarkable one providentiall}- — that a 
gospel minister so gifted, so consecrated, and so useful, must be for 
so man); years entirely laid aside from all public activity, when the 
world is perishing for the want of just such devoted laborers. We 
can only say in the submissive language of Jesus, who was just 
about to be crucified, " Nevertheless not as I will, but as Thou 
wilt/' The Christian poet Cowper truly says — 

" Blind unbelief is sure to err; 
And scan His work in vain ; 
God is His own interpreter, 
And he will make it plain." 

Our Heavenly Father himself, in loving kindness, and inspiring 
our confidence, says : — " Be still and know that I am God : I will 
be exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth." 

The children of Rev. John L. and Emma M. Roberts are five — 
Lida Hughes, Alice Oakley, John Sinclair, Eva Duryea, and Ethel 
Winn. 

1st. Lida Hughes Roberts was born at Shanghai, China, May 
i6, 1862, and died at Tung Chow. China, September 8, 1863, aged 
one year, three months, and twenty-three days. 

2nd. Alice Oakley Roberts was born at Cape May, N. J., Dec- 
ember I, 1865, and died at Glen Cove, N. Y., December 2, 1870, 
aged five years and one day. 

3rd. John Sinclair Roberts was born at Glen Cove, N. Y.,, 
March 7, 1870. 

4th. Eva Duryea Roberts was born at Bellefonte, Pa., May 31^ 
1872. 

5th. Ethel Winn Roberts was born at Shanghai, China, Decem- 
ber 10, 1875; ^"d died at Shanghai, China, February 4, 1876, 
aged one month, and twenty-four days. 

One child died and was buried in America ; and two children 
died and were buried in China — that far off land — where also the 
father's and husband's health was twice broken down, and th'" last 
time irreparably, besides all their many labors and privations there. 
Surely they have been called to drink of the cup of affliction. 

Of the two living children, John Sinclair, the only son, and Eva 



Duryea, the daughter, are both in covenant relation with God ; are 
both members of the visible church ; both attended school at the 
Academy in Bellefonte, Pa.; both studied at Blairstown Academy, 
N. J. Sinclair went from there to Princeton College, N. J., and 
entered upon a regular course of study in the college classes in 
preparation for the gospel ministry ; while Eva pursued her music 
and other studies elsewhere in preparation for college. She is at 
this present writing going lo College in Baltimore, Md. Mrs. 
Emma M. Roberts, the wife and mother, has been required, ever 
smce her husband's permanent illness, to struggle and exert herself 
to the utmost in every providential and honorable way to sustain 
herself and family until now. She assisted her brother. Rev. James 
P. Hughes, some six years in teaching in his Academy at Belle- 
fonte, Pa., until her own health broke down and she felt obliged to 
resign her work there. Since then she has assisted in the oversight 
of domestic and boarding arrangements, in giving private instruc- 
tion, or in helping Missionary societies and delivering Missionar}- 
addresses — in all which her native strength of mind, literary culture, 
moral energy, and varied experience have qualified her for extended 
usefulness. Her present residence is No. 17 Pastorius street^ 
Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa. 

II. Amelia Foster Hughes, the eleventh child of James R. and 
Eliza E. Hughes, was born at Cape May, N. J., June 7, 1839. She 
united with the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church in her fifteenth 
year, on March 9, 1854. Her first teacher was her own dear father 
until she was over thirteen years of age. She then went to Sweet 
Hollow, Long Island, N. Y., and was under the charge of her 
brother-in-law. Rev. Charles M. Oakley, for about a year. After 
that she was a pupil in the seminary at Kishacoquillas, Mifflin 
county, Pa., under the care of Prof L. G. Grier and Miss Jennie 
Davis. The following year she spent at the seminary at Pottstown, 
Montgomery county, Pa., Rev. William R. Work, Principal. The 
next year she was a pupil at the Worcester College, Worcester. 
Mass. One of her teachers there was Miss Abby Judson, the 
daughter of Rev. Adoniram Judson, Missionary to Burmah, India. 
Miss Abby came over to America when she was twelve years old, 
and remembered a little Burmese song which she used to sing to 



74 

her pupils. During the winter of 1859 and i860, in order to take 
some farther lessons in music and other accomplishments, Amelia 
F. was a pupil in the Female Seminary on G street, Washington, 
D. C, Mrs. Thomas Smith, Principal. Her special teacher was 
Miss Jeannette Douglass, well known at that time in literary circles. 
During the year 1861 and a part of 1862, she assisted her brother, 
'Rev. James P. Hughes, at Edgehill, Princeton, N. J., after her sister 
Emma M. was married and left, in the superintendency of that 
institution for her brother. It was during Amelia's sojourn there 
that her own marriage took place. She was married July 9, 1862, 
by Rev. John Hall, D.D., pastor of the First Presbyterian Churchy 
Trenton, N. J., to Mr. John Kershaw, an assistant teacher in the 
Edgehill School. 

Mr. Kershaw, son of James and Eliza Kershaw, was born in 
Patterson, N. J., May 14, 1842. After his marriage he taught school 
at Little Falls, N. J., from September, 1862, to April, 1864. He 
then taught in New York City from April, 1864, to April, 1868 ; 
and in the mean time, from 1865 to 1868, went through himself a 
course of study in the Union Theological Seminary, N. Y., and was 
licensed to preach the gospel. He next taught school at Passaic, 
N. J., 1868 to 1873; then was .pastor of the Reformed Church, 
Brookdale, N. J., 1873, to 1880; then taught in Leadville, Colorado, 
fi-om September, 1880, to July, 1881. Again he became a pastor, 
and labored as such in the Congregational Church at Bound Brook, 
N. J., from December, 1881. to September, 1885. He then accepted 
an invitation to the Presidency of Tillotson Institute, Austin, Texas, 
and continued 1885 to 1886; then acted as Superintendent Mis- 
sionary in the Tennessee mountains, 1886 to 1887, and then became 
pastor of the Congregational Church, corner of Grand street and 
Atlantic avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y., in 1887 — where he is at the 
present time, doing active and efficient work. Mr. Kershaw bought 
a magic lantern and many beautiful views, some of them from 
Europe, and with these, in addition to his Mission Chapel work, he 
is doing a good work in the evenings in the churches of New York 
City. He has been an enterprising and useful educator, and an 
interesting and popular preacher. 

The children of Rev John and Amelia F. Kershaw are nine. 

I St. Edward Payson Kershaw was born May 7, 1864, and died 



75-. 

January 3, iS66, aged one year, seven months and twenty-six days. 

2d. Eliza Gordon Kershaw was born November 19, 1866. She 
taught in the Tillotson Institute, Austin, Texas, 1886 and 1887 ; 
studied at Oberlin College, Ohio, 1888 — 1889, and then taught at 
North Branch, N. J. She is now, February 26, 1891, principal at 
61 Poplar street, Brooklyn, New York. 

3d. Carrie Kershaw was born April 27, 1869 ^^^ ^^^^ August 
22, 1869, aged three months and twenty-five days. 

4th. John Alfred Kershaw was born August 26, 1870, and is 
engaged in the paper business in New York City, 

5th. Mary Fletcher Kershaw was born September 22, 1872, and 
died April 29, 1876, aged three years, seven months and seven days. 

6th. Herbert Kershaw was born July 19, 1874, and died April 
30, 1876, aged one year, nine months and eleven days. 

7th. Albert Van Houten Kershaw was born July 25, 1876. 

8th. Eva Roberts Kershaw was born April 26, 1879. 

9th. Ada Louise Kershaw, the last child, was born October 13, 
1882. The last three children, Albert, Eva and Ada, are students 
in the Bound Brook public schools. Albert is in the Grammar 
Department, and Eva and Ada are in the Intermediate — all trying 
to prepare for usefulness in future life. 

Mrs. Kershaw, besides experiencing many trials in her family, 
has been sorely afflicted in her own person with a serious eye 
trouble. She has been under medical treatment for about two 
years with ulcer of the cornea in the right eye — requiring her to go 
to the hospital in Brooklyn every other day for over a year. It has 
been very expensive, and she has also been called to suffer much. 
She was not allowed to either read, write or sew, She is doing 
better, however, now, and is allowed to read or write ;. although 
she must not tire her eyes, or the inflammation will return. Her 
physicians say she is doing as well as can be expected, but she 
fears sometimes that the cloud will never be lifted. Such are some 
of the ills of life that befall stricken persons and stricken households. 
But here come in the precious promises of God, as a healing balm 
to both body and soul, and they are all yea and amen in Christ 
Jesus. " What time I am afraid I will trust in thee. Many are the 
afflictions of the righteous ; but the Lord delivereth him out of 
them all. Perfect through suffering. And we know that all things 



76. 

work together for good to them that love God, to them who are 
the called according to his purpose." 

12. Rev. Jacob Van Rensselaer Hughes, the twelfth and last 
child of James R. and Eliza E. Hughes, was born at Cape May, N. 
J., September ii, 1844. He bears the name of Jacob from both 
his grandfather and his uncle, and he bears the name of Van 
Rensselaer from the Rev. Dr. Van Rensselaer, for many years the 
beloved and efficient corresponding Secretary of our General 
Assembly's Board of Education, and to whom our father was much 
attached. Jacob attended school during his earlier years at Cape 
May, and then when about twelve years of age he was sent to 
school at Edgehill, Princeton, N. J., and placed under the care and 
tuition of his older brother James, one of the Principals of that 
noted school. While here he united upon profession of faith with the 
First Presbyterian Church at Princeton, and here under the faithful 
training of his brother and other teachers, he was thoroughly 
prepared in due time to enter Princeton college, in which he 
maintained a high grade of scholarship throughout his entire course 
until his graduation in 1867. He then went to the Theological 
Seminary at Princeton, and graduated from it in 1870. He was 
licensed and ordained to preach the Gospel by the Presbytery of 
New Brunswick, N. J., in the spring of 1870. 

And he has proved himself to be a successful and popular 
preacher ever since in every station he has been called to fill. His 
brother James having assumed the Principalship of the Bellefonte 
Academy, Pa., he first assisted him in teaching there for three or 
more years, from April 1870 to June 1873. Here he met a lady 
teacher in the same school, Miss Elizabeth Catharine McGinnes, 
a graduate of Springfield, Ohio. She was the daughter of the late 
Rev. James Y. McGinnes, of Shade Gap, Pa., and of Mrs. Elizabeth 
1\I. McGinnes, after the death of her husband, of Canonsburg, Pa. 
And on July 27, 1870, we read that Rev. Jacob V. Hughes and 
Miss Elizabeth C. McGinnes were married at Canonsburg, Pa., by 
Rev. Wm. F. Brown. He was installed as Pastor of the Presby- 
terian Church of Unionville and Port Matilda in the Bald Eagle 
Valley, Centre county, Pa., in 1874, and preached there for nearly 
five years ; he also supplied Buffalo Run, in connection with them^ 



for two years. He tlien accepted an invitation from the Presbyterian 
Church at Kilbourn City, Wisconsin, to become their pastor. He 
settled there in March, 1878, and preached for them about three 
years, when his health and lungs, never very strong, failed him 
and he was compelled to resign his charge in September, 1881. 
Both he and his wife were very popular and useful at Kilbourn, and 
had endeared themselves to the people; so that when Mr, Hughes 
resigned and was seeking to make other arrangements, the Post- 
master of that city offered to resign his office in his favor, if he 
would accept of the Post Office, and with his family remain in 
Kilbourn City. He did so, and acted as Postmaster there very 
acceptably for over four years ; when his health being improved, 
and he thought his lungs would stand preaching again, he accepted 
a second call from the First Presbyterian Church at Shawano, 
Wisconsin, and entered April 1886, upon a pastoral work there in 
that growing county seat. The following clipping from a Cape 
May City, N. J. paper was originally taken from the Mirror 
Gazette, of Kilbourn City, Wisconsin, of February 4, 1886. "Rev. 
J. V. Hughes has tendered his resignation as postmaster at this 
place, and has accepted a call to the Presbyterian Church at 
Shawano, Wisconsin. There is no other position in the service of 
the people so hard to fill satisfactorily as that of a postmaster. It is 
considered impossible for any man to serve in that capacity and 
please every patron of the office. And yet, Mr. Hughes has come 
as near doing that as mortal man can. We do not believe any 
man was ever more universally liked in that position than he is, 
and his resignation will cause general regret. This change is more 
to be regretted from the fact that it will take himself and family 
from the town. Mr. and Mrs. Hughes have been here for many 
years, and during his ministry in the Presbyterian Chyrch, and since 
that time, they have won the highest place in the esteem of the 
community. Mrs. Hughes' talent and accomplishments have been 
directed in the interests of our young people, and her place in that 
ennobling work will not be easily supplied. If they are as highly 
appreciated by the people of Shawano as they have been here their 
field of usefulness will only be enlarged." 

At Shawano his labors from the first until now have been 
appreciated and blessed. He has been both popular and useful. 



7&. 

The Interior, of Chicago, 111., under date of August, 1890, says '. 
"The work in Shawano, Wisconsin, moves on very smoothly and 
with a great degree of encouragement. The services are well 
attended, and the Sabbath School and Prayer Meeting well 
sustained. Three persons have lately been added to the Presby- 
terian Church, and the Rev. J. V, Hughes has great reason for 
gratitude for the progress made during the five years of his pastorate." 
We also insert here the following approving reference to him,, 
taken from the Cape May Wave, March 21, 1891 : — 

" We are glad to learn from one of our religious papers that 
Rev. J. V. Hughes, brother of Rev. Daniel L. Hughes, now 
sojourning with us, who is pastor of the Presbyterian Church, 
Shawano, Wisconsin, is being greatly prospered in his ministry. 
His church is in the midst of a powerful revival, in and on account of 
which the whole town is moved. This will be gratifying news to 
his friends and relatives here." 

But here a very dark shadow fell across his path. The deepest 
sorrow of his life came to his heart and home in the loss of his dear 
wife, and companion in labors. She died at Shawano, Wisconsin, 
May 1 1, 1888, aged forty-five years and nine days ; and was buried 
in the beautiful cemetery there, with these choice words engraven 
on her monument — " I shall be satisfied when I awake with His 
likeness." Brother Jacob wrote me under date of Shawano, Wis.^ 
May 18, 1888, " I feel as if I had lost so much; but God is very 
gracious to me, I can hardly believe dear L. has gone, but alas, 
it is only too true." 

Mrs. Hughes was born May 2, 1843, at Lewiston, Illinois. Her 
maiden name was Elizabeth Catharine McGinnes, named after her 
mother. She was the daughter of Rev. James Y. and Elizabeth 
M. McGinnes, as already stated. 

Rev. J. Y. McGinnes was born of godly parents at Shippensburg,. 
Pa., December 8, 18 15, his father being a Ruling Elder in the 
Presbvterian Church of that place, and he died on Sabbath morning, 
August 31, 1851, at Shade Gap, Huntingdon county, Pa., aged 
thirty-five years, eight months and twenty-three days, and in the 
eleventh year of his ministry, beloved of all, lamented by all. He 
graduated at Jefferson College, Pa., in the Fall of 1835 ; studied 
theology at South Hanover, Indiana from 1837 to 1840; was 



79. 

licensed by the Presbytery of Madison, in South Hanover, June 27, 
1840 ; was married October 22, 1840, to Miss Elizabeth M. Criswell, 
of Franklin county, Pa., to whom he had been engaged for two 
years ; was ordained by the Presbytery of Peoria, at Knoxville, 111., 
September 4, 1841, and was installed pastor of the Lewistown 
Presbyterian Church, Illinois, September 19, 1841. But having 
preached here with great acceptance for three-and-a-half years, he 
was compelled because of repeated bilious attacks to leave that 
beloved charge in October, 1843, ^^^ return for his health and life 
to the more congenial climate of his native air among the mountains 
of Pennsylvania. In October, 1844, he began his remarkably useful 
labors at Shade Gap, Huntingdon county. Pa., as the pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church there, and the founder and principal of 
Milnwood Academy. He there stamped his own name with 
imperishable honor, and blessed the church and the world with the 
institutions of his own creating genius. But for a fuller account of 
his life, character and writings, I must refer you to a sketch I 
prepared and published of him in Philadelphia, in 1854, in a 12 mo. 
volume of 352 pages. He was one of the most popular and 
efficient preachers and teachers of his day, during his short life. 

Mrs. Elizabeth M. McGinnes, his wife, was born in Franklin 
county, Pa., October 22, 1818. She was a most prudent and 
devoted wife, a loving and faithful mother, a kind and sympathizing 
neighbor, and an active, benevolent and devoted Christian. After 
her husband's death she lived thirty-sixn years in widowhood. She 
died at Canonsburg, Pa., February 10, 1887, aged sixty-eight years. 
She went to meet loved ones in heaven. Besides her highest joy 
in seeing her dear Saviour face to face, what a blessed reunion 
must she have had with her long parted husband. How much 
would they have to tell each other ! " What knitting of severed 
friendships up; where partings are no more." Before her last 
special affliction, she told her daughter, Mrs. Amanda Goheen, one 
day after she had returned from India, that she never expected to 
be well again; "but," she said, "you must not worry about me. I 
have not the shadow of a doubt. My peace is like a river." Her 
beautiful life of trust is her testimony. She suffered very greatly 
without a murmur the last few days of her life. She knew she was 
dying, and, a few hours before she died, she looked around from one 



80. 

to the other grouped about her bedside and said, "Annie," missing the^ 
dear daughter — widow of the late Rev. James Johnston Hull, who' 
had returned to India, after her husband's death. 

Rev. James Johnston Hull (Annie's husband) was born at Sum- 
mitville, Columbiana county, Ohio, March 20, 1847. After his- 
ordination by the Presbytery of Steubenville, in 1872, he went as a 
Foreign Missionary to India, and labored at Kolapoor and 
Ratnagiri, India, from 1872 — 1879. He married at Bombay, 
December 21, 1874, Anna M. the daughter of the late Rev. J. Y, 
McGrinnes. Afterwards, his health failing him, he returned to the 
United States in 1879, and died of consumption at Suffolk, Virginia, 
March 8, 1882, and was buried at Canonsburg, Pa. Rev. John M. 
Smith, the pastor of Mrs. E. M. McGinnes, spoke very tenderly 
at her funeral from the words, " Precious in the sight of the Lord 
is the death of his saints." Every one in Canonsburg loved her^ 
and her funeral was a very large one, and the sympathy for her 
family in their bereavement was very intense. The following 
obituary of her was written and published by her daughter, L. M. 
H., (Lizzie M. Hughes). 

" Elizabeth M. McGinnes, widow of the late Rev. J. Y. McGinnes, 
entered into the joy of her Lord at Canonsburg, Pa., February 10, 
1 887, sixty-eight years old. It could truthfully be said of her. ' She 
has changed her country, but not her companionship, for while on 
earth she walked with God.' All that knew her will testify to her 
strong faith, her cheerfulness under trials and discouragements, her 
unselfishness, her sacrifices, even giving two daughters to the 
foreign missionary work, rejoicing that the Master had need of 
them. She was pre-eminently useful in the Church, interested in 
all its benevolent work, a comfort and help to her pastor. The 
last year of her life a sad cloud obscured her mental vision, forever 
lifted now. " It came to pass that at eventide there was light." 

Praise God, the Shepherd is so sweet, 

Praise God, the country is so fair, 
We could not keep her from his feet, 

But we will go to meet her there." 

Mrs. Elizabeth (Lizzie) M. Hughes, the wife of Rev. Jacob V. 
Hughes, was a child of the covenant. In her infancy she was 
dedicated to God in the ordinance of baptism by her believing 



81» 

parents, and then trained up in one of the most affectionate and 
godly famihes. She early consecrated herself to the Lord, and was 
zealously devoted to him all her life. She received her education 
at Shade Gap Academy, Huntingdon county, Pa., which her father 
founded and successfully carried forward until his death; and at 
Springfield, Ohio, under the care of Rev. Dr. Wilson. She taught 
for some time in the Female Seminary, at Academia, Juniata county. 
Pa,, and then for three or more years at the Bellefonte Academy, 
Pa. But her grand work was as a pastor's wife in the West, for 
the last ten years of her life. I will here quote what the Shawano 
Advocate, Wisconsin, in referring to the sad event of her death, 
said of her character : 

"Shawano people who were honored in acquaintance with Mrs. 
Hughes were at loss which most to admire — her brightness and 
eagerness of mind and rare cultivation, or the strong, tender beauty 
of her heart and character. She was a thorough student of the 
topics of the day ; but it was her womanliness and loving Christian 
sympathy rather than her intellectuality which, after all, most 
appealed to those who knew her. Her wise councils and familiarity 
with the Bible made her sought after by those in extremity, who 
went to her as a place of refuge ; and none ever sought in vain. 

To those of her own home she was a rare treasure whose worth 
it were impertinent to attempt to estimate. Their loss in her death^ 
though great, is exceeded by their gain in having lived under such 
an influence. Her living sweetened life for all who knew her, and 
most blessed and most ennobled those to whom she was nearest." 

I will also quote what was publis hed of her in the Presbyterian, 
of Philadelphia, Pa., June 9, 1888. 

"Entered into rest, May ii, Elizabeth McGinnes, beloved wife 
of Rev. J. V. Hughes, of Shawano, Wisconsin. From early youth 
a child of God, wherever her lot was cast the Church of Christ 
found in her a faithful, consecrated worker. But it was in the home 
as wife and mother that this sweet life shone the brightest. There 
* the eyes that smile no more, the unreturning feet,' will be most 
sadly missed. From the beginning of her brief sickness she felt 
the Master was calling her ; and her last audible prayer was — 
' Hide me under the shadow of thy wing, I shall be satisfied, satisfied, 



when I awake with thy likeness.' Forever, hers is now the sweet- 
ness and rest of which she so loved to sing : 

' Jesus the very thought of thee, 

With sweetness fills my breast ; 
But sweeter far thy face to see, 

And in thy presence rest.* " 

My mother, paid the following tribute to her in a letter to me of 
December 21, 1874, written at Unionville, Centre county, Pa., 
where in her seventy-eighth year, she had been sorely afflicted with 
jieuralgia in her whole body for a month while homed with her 
son Jacob, so that it was with difficulty she could move in bed — 
said she : " Dear Lizzie was so very kind, and nursed me faithfully. 
I desire to be very thankful for her kindness." She was familiarly 
called " Lizzie," and signed her name, " L. M. H." When the 
news of her death reached India, her sister there wrote the 
following piece of poetry, dated Kolhapur, India, June 24, 1888, 
which, was afterwards published in the Shawano county Journal^ 
Wisconsin, May 2, 1889. 

IN MEMORIAM— L. M. H. 

Sweet Sister, whose dear head now lieth low, 
Beneath a northern sky, so cold and gray, 
I, far across the seas, in summer lands, 
Stretch out my arms to thee, and mourn and weep 
That thou art gone — and I, no more on earth 
Shall look in thy dear face, nor clasp 
Thy welcoming hand. 

" Until the Heavens be no more" — oh awful fiat ! 

"They arise not, nor awake." 

But is there not another word — a word of Hope ? 

" Until day dawn, and Star of Day arise ?" 

Come speedily, O day of God, and right the wrong. 

And bring us back our lost — our eyes do fail 

With looking upward. 

O Saviour Christ, bearing our griefs, our sorrows 
Carrying — help us a little while to hold thy hand 
Even in darkness. Till at lengtli for us there shines 
The light of Home. Our Father's House, 
Where face shall answer once again to face. 
And hands clasp hands, now folded 
Close and still. 

I present also the following resolutions to show the estimation 
in which she was held by her fellow Christian workers. 



83, 

Shawano, May 15th, 1888. 

At a called meeting of the executive committee of W. C. T. U., 
the following resolutions were adopted : 

Whereas, We have been called upon to mourn the loss of our 
late President and Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Hughes, 

Resolved, That while we acknowledge the power and wisdom 
of Him, who doeth all things well, we desire to express our heartfelt 
appreciation of her pure Christian character, her wise counsel and 
prompt response to duty, and we pray that the influences of her 
lovely ard gentle life may abide with us. 

Resolved, That we tender our sympathy to the devoted husband 
and family of the deceased, who now deplore the loss of a lovmg 
wife and mother, and pray that the God of the afflicted may grant 
them fortitude in this their time of sorrow. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be addressed to the 
family and friends of the deceased, also published in our city papers 
and placed upon our society records. 

And lastly, I record, because the influence of such a consecrated 
and useful life should never be lost, the following, in memory of 
Mrs. J. V. Hughes, read at the memorial service of the Sabbath 
School, May 20, 1888, and published in the Shawano Journal, 
Wisconsin, July 12, 1888: — 

" When a fragrant flower that has delighted us with its perfume 
has been removed, how long its aroma will remain to delight the 
senses with its delicious odors ; or when sweet strains of delicious 
music fall upon the ear, how often they make an impression deeper 
than the pleasure at first given, so that a song once sung, or notes 
once heard, may strike upon the mind and heart so strongly, that 
long afterwards, little by little, the measure comes back to us, time 
after time, and if we cultivate their memory, the full and complete 
melody may be wrought out to us, to gladden our hearts with its 
sweetness. It is told us by astronomers, that if some of the fixed 
stars were blotted out or destroyed, their light would continue to 
shine upon us for months or possibly for years afterwards. 

So it is that a human life may be so full of beauty, of sunshine, 
of helpfulness and cheerfulness, that the impression made by it will 
remain far stronger than the fragrance of the flower, the sweetness 
of music, or the brightness of the stars, for though ' Heaven and 
earth may pass away,' good words, acts of kindness, and the silent 
influence of a pure_life, live forever. 



«4. 

If you throw a pebble into the water, you see a circle formed at 
the spot where it fell, and another larger than the first until they 
are lost to sight, but still the impulse goes on and on until it is lost 
in the boundary of the lake. So our words make waves invisible 
in the air, and the undulations go on and on, philosophers tell us. 
forever ; and if they are words of kindness and love, who can 
determine the limit of their influence for good ? 

The only aim of the departed was to do good to those around 
Tier, and to make her life a living epistle that might be known and 
read by all who knew her. It was not to be praised by those who 
were about her, but to imitate the example and obey the teaching 
of the Master in doing good unto all as she had opportunity, and 
whose devotion to duty was best known to those who were intimate 
with her and knew her best. 

From personal observation, I never knew one who seemed more 
zealous than she to fully make the " Golden Rule" the guide of her 
life. At all times ready to sacrifice her own comfort for the good 
of others, if she could thereby cause one ray of sunshine to gladden 
a human heart. Verily in her life * she did what she could,' and 
that is the highest encomium that can be pronounced upon any life. 

Did she learn of the illness of one known or unknown to her, 
whom she thought she could cheer by a kind word or act, she was 
ever ready to respond to any call that was made upon her. Could 
she by a kind word cheer the heart of those who were cast down, 
or filled with sorrow, her ear was ever open to listen and her lips 
to respond with comfort, hope and cheer. Was there a season of 
festivity, none were more ready than she to add the sunshine of 
her presence and the joyousness of her words. Her's was eminentl} 
a cheerful, hopeful life, — quiet, unobtrusive, with the most sensitive 
appreciation of the love of her friends, and utterly devoid of anything 
unreal. In the Sunday School, or in any call to consider its interests^ 
she was always present, and her words of counsel were always prized. 

In the social and prayer meetings of the church and in all her 
social relations in life, her example was an inspiration to all who 
knew her. In all Christian works of benevolence her voice and 
service were ever ready to obey the call of duty, and whenever she 
could do good she was ready to act. In her last days of pain and 
bodily suffering, when to use her own words, she felt that life's 



'85. 

journey was near its end, her cheerfulness, patience, forgetfulness 
of self in her anxiety for others, her trust, her faith, none can 
appreciate except those whose sad privilege it was to be with her. 

Of her life in her own household I will not speak, for those alone 
can understand her — for whom she lived. 

Of her it can truly be said — 

" She stretched out her hand to the poor; 
She reached forth her hands to the needy ; 
She opened her mouth with wisdom ; 
And in her tongue was the law of kindness. 
Her children shall rise up and call her blessed ; 
And her works shall praise her in the gates. 

The inspiration of her life seemed to be in these beautiful lines 
of Miss Havergal's, which she often quoted: 

" Take my life and let it be 
Consecrated, Lord, to Thee ; 
Take my hands and let them move 
At the impulse of Thy love. 
Take my lips and let them be 
Filled with messages for Thee ; 
Take my intellect and use 
Every power as Thou shalt choose ; 
Take my will and make it Thine — 
It shall be no longer mine." 

Who can estimate the influence of a life so rounded out and full 
of all that goes to make a character like hers, and who can say 
when its remoter impressions will cease ? 

May its purity, its harmony, its melody, light and fragrance, 
make our lives richer and more noble, and may the memory of her 
devotion to duty stimulate us to act well our parts wherever our 
lots may be cast." 

The children of Rev. Jacob V. and Lizzie M. Hughes, were four, 
three living and one dead. 

Elizabeth McGinnes Hughes was born at Bellefonte, Pa., November 
II, 1 87 1, and died and was buried there at the age of nine months. 

Mary Fletcher Hughes was born at Unionville, Pa., February 
22, 1874. 

Harold Dalrymple Hughes was born at Unionville, Pa., May 16, 
1876. 

Alice McGinnes Hughes was born at Unionville, Pa., July 4, 1877. 



8S.. 

The total number of James R. and Eliza E. Hughes' children,, 
grand-children, and great-grand-children — including those of Ann 
L. Foster — ^were 153, of whom 107 are now living, making with: 
the Lawrences' and Eldredges' a total of 245. The most of those 
who have arrived at the age of maturity, are the professed followers. 
of Christ, and are useful, happy and blessed in their several house- 
holds and varied trades and professions. 

The Hughes', Eldredge's and Edmonds' were related. In the 
line of cousins I will speak of Rev. James M. Edmonds, who was a 
Cape May boy, and who grew up to be one of its most honored 
Christian Ministers and Teachers. He was the son of James and 
Harriet Howe (Whittemore) Edmonds. His father was born at 
Cape May, N. J., September 9, 1800, and died September 27, 1833, 
aged thirty-three years and eighteen days — when James M. was 
only six years and four months old. His mother was born in 
Connecticut, in 1798, and died at Cold Spring, Cape May, N. J., 
September 12, 1844, aged forty-six years. She was the daughter 
of Samuel Whittemore and Sarah Wales Whittemore, of Mansfield, 
Connecticut, and a niece of Dr. Roger Wales, of Cape May, N. J. 
In 1822, she went with an invalid cousin, Mrs. Williams, from 
Bolton, Connecticut, to Cape May, to spend a few months by the 
seashore, under the care of their uncle, for the improvement of 
health, and on January 28, 1823, she married James Edmonds, of 
Cold Spring, Cape May, N. J. They had three children, viz: 

ist. William W., who was born May 2, 1825, and died of cholera 
on a business trip from Philadelphia to St. Paul, leaving a wife and 
daughter residing in Philadelphia. 

2d. James M., who was born June i, 1S27, became a prominent 
minister of the gospel, married a sister of Rev. W. R. Work, and 
died five days after. His widow has since died. 

3d. Emily J,, who was born December 30, 1830, married Rev. 
William R. Work, Principal of the Female Seminary at Pottstown, 
Pa., and had two children. She died, and her children also, several 
years ago. Mrs. Harriet H. Edmonds, widow of James Edmonds,. 
married second. Judge Eli B. Wales, September 10, 1839, and had 
one son, George Hunter Wales. He was born 1841, and died 
March 3, 1870, aged twenty nine years. 



-87. 

I was only a boy when James M?s father died, but I remember 
liim as a steady, dih'gent and excellent man ; while I remember his 
mother well, as a very estimable Christian lady, a member of the 
•Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, intelligent, kind, refined, and 
beloved by everybody. 

James M. was educated, talented, consecrated and beloved ; but 
he was one of death's early victims. Pie was suddenly cut down 
in the very midst.of his enlarged and successful plans of usefulness. 
He died at Absecon, New Jersey, March 23, 1858, aged thirty 
years, nine months and twenty two days. When thirteen years of 
age he united with the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, and his 
heart turned at once towards the ministry. He received his early 
education at the Cold Spring Academy, then went to the Tuscarora 
Academy, Pa., and afterwards entered the Freshman Class at 
Jefferson College, Pa., where he graduated in 1849. Through his 
entire course he was recognized as one of the best and most 
promising students. Rev. Robert F. Sample, D.D., in his sketch 
of him in the College Annual of 1889 says, "No member of the 
class of '49 was more admired and beloved than the young man 
who came from the extreme southern part of New Jersey. Of 
medium height, well rounded, vigorous, with a large head, pleasant 
face and cordial manner, he soon became popular, and retained the 
esteem of his fellow students." 

When my wife and I were on a visit, August, 1848, to David 
Hughes, M. D., my old classmate and room-mate at Jefferson 
College, in Hickory, ten miles West of Canonsburg, my wife, who 
kept a diary of our journey, has the following record: " Aug. 29. 
We left Canonsburg after dinner and went to Dr. Hughes' again, 
intending to stay there until the next morning and then go five 
miles to see James M. Edmonds, who is teaching school there 
during his college vacation ; but on our arrival the Doctor informed 
us he had taken a horse to James, and he would be down to stay 
all night. He came about six o'clock this evening, and was so 
overjoyed (I suppose) at hearing there was some one from Cape May 
that he did not understand who he was to see — though the Doctor 
told him — until he came. We spent the evening talking over old 
times at Cape May. Aug. 30. — James left early this mornino-. 
Mr. Scott, who works the Doctor's farm, took him a part of the way. 



James seems very industrious and persevering. Rev. Dr. Brown,. 
(President of Jefferson College) told us that he is a young man of 
fine talents and very correct habits, and will distinguish himself. 
We have heard from several that he stands high at College. I felt 
very sorry for James. He said he scarcely ever heard from Cape 
May, except what he heard through Rev. Mr. Williamson, and that 
was only twice a year, I told him all the news I could think of, 
for he said he had had none since May." The following paper 
taken from the Presbyterian, and which was adopted by ^the- 
Presbytery of West Jersey at Woodbury, New Jersey, April 8, 
1858, contains a fuller, although brief sketch, of his life, after he 
left College, until his lamented death. 

" Only one year ago this Presbytery was called upon to record 
the death of one of its older members, the pastor of the church 
with whom we are assembled ; now we mourn the removal of one 
of the youngest of our brethren, the Rev. James M. Edmonds. 
Perhaps the Presbytery has never lost a member whose death 
seemed more mysterious and unexpected, or more generally and 
deeply deplored. 

Mr. Edmonds was born June ist, 1827, at Cold Spring, Cape 
May county, New Jersey, where he received his early education, 
and at the age of thirteen years made a public profession of his 
faith. Immediately he was solicitious to study for the ministry, and 
soon entered Tuscarora Academy ; indue time he graduated at 
Jefferson College, and then taught in a classical academy at Fagg's 
Manor, Pa., until he entered the Theological Seminary at Princeton. 
Upon the failure of his eyesight he left the Seminary, and, accepting 
a commission from the American Sunday Union for a year, organized 
a large number of Sabbath Schools in Tennessee. Returning to 
the Seminary, his eyes again failed, but by means of the lectures, 
and by the aid sometimes of a kind fellow-student, and sometimes 
of an affectionate sister reading aloud to him, he acquired such a 
store of theological knowledge as to pass a superior examination 
on all the subjects preparatory to licensure. 

He was licensed to preach the gospel by this Presbytery, in April, 
1855, ^^^^ eighteen months afterwards was ordained as Evangelist, 
to continue his labors at Leed's Point, Absccon, Batsto, and other 
places in Atlantic county. He was married at Frankford, Pa., on 



March i8, 1858, to Miss Isabella B. Work, and five days afterward 
his eyes were closed in death. 

This sore bereavement, so unexpected and so mysterious, calls 
upon us to be still, and know that the Lord reigneth. Verily, O 
Lord, thou art a God that hidest thyself! Clouds and darkness are 
round about thee, yet justice and judgment are the habitation of 
thy throne, That he who doeth all things well, will render it 
subservient to his own glory, we know. That he will make it 
conducive to the interests of the mission field, left vacant by this 
bereavement, we will pray and hope. Our brother was exceedingly 
conscientious in the discharge of every duty, and exact even in that 
which is least ; most diligent in business, and fervent in spirit ; 
amiable, modest and cheerful ; a ripe scholar — a devoted Christian. 
As a preacher, he was clear and logical ; grasping his subject with 
powerful analysis, he opened to his hearers the first principles of 
truth, rich in thought, full of the gospel, and love to souls. Few 
persons could secure such an influence for good over the minds of 
children and youth. The large number of people who attended 
his funeral, and the deep feeling that pervaded the assembly, the 
tearful eyes of old and young during the discourse delivered on 
that occasion, manifested how deeply they felt their loss. 

Whilst we mourn with a church deprived of a beloved minister, 
and with the lambs of the flock who have lost a faithful under 
shepherd, we tender our sincere sympathies to his only sister, the 
last survivor of his earlier domestic circle, and especially to the 
widowed bride, wh.->se joy was so soon turned into mourning, and 
whose cherished plans of usefulness and happiness were so suddenly 
blighted. Sensible of the insufficiency of all human support, we 
commend her to the " God that comforteth those that are cast 
down," to the Saviour, who can sympathize with us in all our 
infirmities, praying that some rays from the light of His countenance 
may penetrate and illumine the dark and mysterious cloud which 
now overwhelms her spirit. 

Resolved, That as it is proposed to erect a monument to the 
memory of Mr. Edmonds by the voluntary offerings of his friends, 
therefore the Revs. Moses Williamson, Samuel Beach Jones, D.D., 
and Allen H. Brown, be a committee of Presbytery, to receive 
contributions for this purpose. 



.90. 

Resolved, That a copy of the above minute be sent to the 
Presbyterian, and to the sister and widow of the deceased." 

The monument above referred to was erected to Rev, James M. 
Edmonds, by a bereaved congregation and many friends at Leeds 
Point, Atlantic count}% N. J. Omitting dates already recorded, 
we read of him on this monument the following — " xA-S a friend, 
modest, cheerful, afiectionate ; as a Christian, humble, conscientious, 
zealous ; as a preacher, evangelical, instructive, persuasive. Beloved 
and mourned of all, but most of all by the children of his Sabbath 
school and academy. ' Therefore watch and remember, that b}' 
the space of three years, I ceased not to warn every one night and 
day with tears.' Acts 2o: 31." Also a tablet was inserted by his 
pupils in the wall of the school house at Absecon, bearing these 
words : " Dedicated to Rev. James M. Edmonds, the founder of 
this institution, beloved while living, mourned when dead, his 
memory is cherished by his pupils. Born at Cold Spring, N. J., 
lane i, 1827. Died at Absecon, March 23, 1858. 'Be ye followers 
of me as I also am of Christ.' i Cor. 11 : i." 



o 




93. 



OLD BRICK CHURCH. 

Before proceeding farther with our family history, it may be well 
to introduce here a picture ol the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, 
with which the most of my ancestors and relatives were connected, 
and of the beautiful cemetery that surrounds it, in w^iich the most 
of those who are gone are buried. They let their light shine all 
around them, and served God their Saviour well while they lived ; 
now, there they sweetly sleep in Jesus, hopefully awaiting the 
glorious resurrection morning, while their spirits are rejoicing with 
all the ransomed of the Lord, around His throne in heaven. 

It may be well, too, to give here a brief sketch of the character 
and history of this church for those interested in it. Oh, how 
many precious souls have been saved and trained up for usefulness 
here, and glory hereafter, by this old Presbyterian Church from its 
beginning until now. How grand its work ! How glorious its 
reward ! And how many gems to help brighten the Saviour's 
crown ! Surely the past should stimulate those of us who remain, 
to still grander work for the Master, to still more self-denials, and 
to still higher consecration even to the last. Faithful unto death, 
we ourselves also shall receive a crown of life, while our works will 
not be in vain in the Lord. We shall rest from them, but they 
will still follow us. 

The Cold Spring Presbyterian Church has been a church of 
religious revivals, a church of the right hand of the Most High. 
These have been the source of her spiritual growth and power. 
God has often proved to her that He hears and answers prayer, 
and that He is a covenant-keeping God. He has often poured out 
His Holy Spirit upon her, and granted her times of refreshing from 
His presence and from the glory of His power, and she has thus 
often been wafted onward and upward in her earnest endeavors to 
be Christlike, and to build up His kingdom in the salvation of 
precious souls. These revivals spring from the breath of God, or 
from the live coals off His holy altar. The apostle Paul said, " I 
have planted, Apollos watered ; but God gave the increase." The 
prophet Zechariah wrote, " Not by might, nor by power, but by 
my Spirit, saith the Lord of Hosts." From brief flashes of the 



m. 

past history of this church we learn that among other precious 
seasons of grace, in the years 1740 — 1743, under the labors of 
Messrs. Finley and Robinson, God thus remembered her in His 
rich mercy. In the year 1780 — 1781, under Mr. Watt, another 
large ingathering of souls to the church was enjoyed from the 
Holy Spirit's special presence and power. Also in the years 1833, 
1840, 1841 and 1856, during the long pastorate of Mr. Williamson, 
there were might) outpourings of the Spirit that shook the whole 
church and community. I remember that at one time especially 
when the church seemed asleep and dead, and the old elders were 
passing away, the great anxiety and inquiry among the true people 
of God were, what shall we do ? The elders will all soon be gone, 
and we have none to take their places, and the church is likely to 
die out. This anxiety led to a sense of their dependence on God 
and to increased prayer for his presence aiid help. Soon God came 
down in mighty power in the rich outpourings of His Holy Spirit, 
and the two remarkable revivals of 1840 and 1841 occurred. The 
happy results of which were that 122 or more were savingly added 
to the church. Then there was plenty new material for elders, 
out ol which were elected the Reeves' brothers, and others — a 
splendid and efficient addition to the old session. And such elders 
have been continued until now, so easy is it for God always to 
work in answer to prayer for the good of his church and people. 
And then during the winter of 1886 — 87, under its last pastor, the 
Rev. J. L. Landis, the church experienced another gracious revival, 
as I witnessed, when present there, on March 27th, 1887. We 
should praise the Lord, then, for the past, and trust Him for the 
future, upon which we should enter with renewed consecration, 
prayer, zeal and hope. 

But while the Cold Spring Church was prospered by her various 
and extensive revivals of religion in her increased numbers and 
enlarged spiritual gifts and graces, she was also blessed in her 
material prosperity ; in her increased buildings, and in her enlarged 
improvements. 

The first church is said to have been a small log building, which 
stood near the road and rather to the right of the present one, 
which must have been built very early. The Rev. Abijah Davis, 
writing after 1791, says it was built about 17 18. It was called 



94 

" The meeting house," and we read elsewhere of its being in use so 
early as May 19th, 1724. 

The second church was a frame or shingle building, larger than 
the first, that I well remember seeing, which stood near the road 
and beside some very large trees near the gates of the old grave 
yard. It was also built quite early, about forty years after the first 
one, and was also called ■' The meeting house." It was built during 
the pastorate of Rev. Daniel Lawrence. Rev. Mr. Webster in his 
history says, it was built in the year 1762, and that the frame of it 
remained in use till 1824. But it was built earlier than this, for we 
read in Aaron Leaming's published manuscript that as early as 
March 26, 1761, forty people met at this Presbyterian meeting 
house to learn whether Jacob Spicer purchased the society rever- 
sions at Cape May for himself, or for the people. 

The third church, or the present beautiful structure, is called 
" The brick church." It was erected in 1823. It was mainly planned 
and pushed forward by the far-sighted, liberal and energetic Hon. 
Thomas H. Hughes to successful completion. Dr. Samuel S. 
Marcy and Judge Eli B. Wales, with others, also rendered especially 
active and efficient service in its construction. When opposed by 
some for planning so spacious a building, Mr. Hughes persevered, 
saying, " My head will not be laid in the grave before this church 
is full." And he lived to see his hopes and prophecy fulfilled. 

This third and brick church was about a quarter of a century 
afterwards nicely and expensively remodeled as to its pulpit, pews, 
windows and general appearance, for the accomplishment of which 
Dr. V. M. D. Marcy, Rev. Mr. Williamson, David Reeves and 
others were efficient workers. Then again some few years ago it 
was elegantly frescoed and recarpeted and otherwise improved. It 
is in all respects as well said, " a beautifully fitted up building and 
an honor to the community as well as to the denomination to which 
it is attached." 



95. 



REV. DANIEL L. HUGHES, D. D. 

[The following extended sketch, written by my beloved classmate 
and college companion — the Rev. Hugh A. Brown, D. D., of Giff 
Gaff, Charlotte county, Virginia — is transferred to these pages 
from the Annual of Washington and Jefferson College, Pa., for 1890.] 

" Daniel Lawrence Hughes, son of James Rainy and Eliza 
(Eldredge) Hughes and grandson of Rev. Daniel Lawrence, one of 
the early pastors of the Cold Spring, Cape May, Church, was born 
at Cape May, N. J., on January 8, 1 820. He was the third of twelve 
children — six sons and six daughters — of whom two other sons 
became Presbyterian ministers, and three of the daughters wives of 
Presbyterian ministers ; another son became a Ruling Elder, and 
all the children professing Christians. Their father was a teacher^ 
a Ruling Elder in the Cold Spring Church, and the organizer, and 
for nearly half a century the superintendent, of its Sunday School. 
Daniel in early boyhood expressed his wish to become a minister, 
and in his fourteenth year was received into the full communion of 
the church. He received his primary education in his father's 
school ; then for two years he was under the tuition of his pastor, 
Rev. Moses Williamson, beginning the study of Latin and Greek. 
In the fall of 1835, in ^i^ sixteenth year, he entered the preparatory 
department of Jefferson College. He was endowed with a vigorous 
constitution and a sanguine temperament, and had an intense and 
unwearied application to whatever he undertook. He was also 
regular and systematic throughout his college course, and in after 
life doing his work between the hours of five a. m. and ten p. m. His 
mottoes were " Nil desperandum ;" " Perseverantia vincit omnia." 
In college he was a diligent student and sustained the character of 
a sincere and earnest Christian, according to that saying of Martin 
Luther, " Bene orasse, est bene studuisse." He was an influential 
member of the Franklin Literary Society, with reference to which 
his classmate and fellow-member, Robert Patterson, once wrote to 
him — Cujus pars magna fuisti. Upon his graduation, in the Fall 
of 1840, Mr. Hughes entered Princeton Theological Seminary, 
taking a full three years' course, at the close of which, in May, 1843 
{having been licensed in April by the West Jersey Presbytery), 
three fields of labor were open to him, one of which was the 



Cohocksink Church, Philadelphia, to which he was recommended 
by Dr. Alexander. He accepted the call to Little Valley Church, 
within the presbytery of Huntingdon, Pa., and began his work there 
early in June. On the 19th of October he was married to Miss 
Elmira W. Hughes, youngest daughter of Captain Humphrey 
Hughes, of Cape Island, N. J. In January, 1844, he was ordained 
and installed as pastor of Little Valley Church. Here he labored 
successfully for five years, two of which he lived in Lewistown, 
and had charge of the academy in that place. In 1848, Mr. Hughes 
accepted a call to the First Presbyterian Church of Spruce Creek 
for the half of his time, the remainder being given to Pme Grove 
Mills and Colerain Forges, and for nearly ten years he joyfully 
labored in this field. At the spring meeting of presbytery in 1853, 
calls for his services were presented from the First Church of 
Altoona for two-thirds of his time, from Pine Grove Mills for half 
his time, and from Sinking Valley for one-half. He accepted that 
from Sinking Valley, continuing his connection with Spruce Creek, 
giving also an afternoon service once a month at Tyrone, helping 
towards the organization of the church there that in after years 
became a prosperous congregation. 

In the Spring of 1857, Mr. Hughes visited what was th-^n the 
" Far West," the western parts of Iowa and eastern part of Nebraska, 
and " his heart was greatly moved" in view of the religious destitu- 
tion there. It had been his wish (providentially disappointed) to 
go as a missionary to China along with his friends, Walter M. 
Lowrie, John Lloyd, A. P. Happer, Hugh A. Brown and others. 
The missionary spirit still stirred within him, and now, in view of 
the wants of the home field, he seemed to hear the voice of the Lord 
saying, " Whom shall I send ? And who will go for us ?" And he 
replied, " Here am I ; send me," but praying, '' Except Thy presence 
go with me, carry me not up hence." In October, 1857, he resigned 
his beloved and loving Spruce Creek and Sinking Valley congre- 
gations, gave up a beautiful parsonage home, and with a large 
family and his household goods made his way via. St. Louis and 
up the Missouri river, a journey of two thousand miles, with many 
inconveniences and at a cost to himself of ^750, to his new field of 
labor. Having located at Pacific City, Mills county, Iowa, near 
the Missouri river, he immediately began the work of organizing 



97. 

and supplying churches and stations in the three counties of Mills 
and Fremont, in Iowa, and of Cass, in the then Territory of 
Nebraska, and occasionally in other counties, all in Council Bluffs 
Presbytery. Here he labored with encouraging success, amidst 
many hardships, for nearly seven years. To fill his appointments 
in Nebraska he frequently crossed the Missouri river on the yield- 
ing, cracking ice, feeling his way with a pole. During this period 
Mr. Hughes received invitations to preach, as a candidate for 
settlement, from eight different churches — four in the East and four 
in the West. He at length accepted a call to labor in the two 
counties of Polk and Warren, Iowa, represeuted by Des Moines 
and Indianola. In 1864 he removed to Des Moines and took 
charge of the First Church there and of the church at Indianola 
and of the regions round about, and for the next six years, under 
the calls and directions of the three presbyteries of Des Moines^ 
Cedar, and Council Bluffs — including a successful pastorate of two 
and a half years at Tipton and York Prairie, Cedar county, from 
which he was called — he was engaged in visiting and helping to 
build up all their vacant churches and organizing others all along 
the new line of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific railroad, from 
Des Moines to Council Bluffs, at Dexter, Atlantic, Walnut, Avoca 
and other places. 

In June, 1870, Mr. Hughes went to Vinton, Benton county, Iowa, 
and entered upon a large missionary work in Benton, Tama and 
Black Hawk counties, within the bounds of Cedar Rapids and 
Waterloo presbyteries. He here labored for the following seventeen 
years amidst many destitutions, incessantly, early and late, in the 
church and in the Sabbath school, and from house to house, until 
his health failed. Thus closed a period of thirty busy, eventful 
and successful years of ministerial (mostly missionary) labors — a 
period marked by the usual lights and shades of ministerial and 
missionary life. He has reason to know that " his labors were not 
in vain in the Lord." Of not a few he is able to say, " Ye are my 
joy and crown." Every church and missionary station where he 
regularly officiated prospered, and he was always permitted to leave 
them in a better condition than he found them ; while in every 
field of labor he was favored with " times of refreshing from the 
presence of the Lord ;" so that in them all the number of communi- 



9a 

cants was doubled or trebled, and be bas been instrumental in 
bringing at least balf a dozen young men into the ministry. He 
has built seven new houses of worship and remodeled and improved 
three old ones. He has organized or helped to build up a score of 
new churches, and as many successful Sabbath schools, and there 
are now at least a dozen and a half ministers supplying those new 
churches. Under all this wear and tear of nerve and muscle by 
night and day, in sunshine and in storm, amidst the bleak winds 
and long winters and sudden changes of that prairie region, his 
health did at times well-nigh fail; but "the Lord healed all his 
diseases and redeemed his life from destruction, and ofttimes 
renewed his youth." His greatest trouble was from asthma, and 
this at length compelled him to resort to a change of climate, but 
not till another and greater affliction was sent upon him. On the 
5th of October, 1886, at Traer, their home at that time, the beloved 
wife of his youth and old age, who for forty-three years had stood 
by his side, a faithful co-laborer and a patient sufferer, was called to 
her heavenly home. She died in great peace and in the enjoyment 
of a bright hope. They were blessed with eight children — four 
sons and four daughters. Five are still living — two sons and three 
daughters — all well educated, all bat one married, and all caring 
for themselves. Dr. Hughes has also fifteen grandchildren. One 
of his married daughters lives at Lake Charles, Louisiana. Visiting 
her and finding no Presbyterian Church at that place, with charac- 
teristic energy he set about having one established, and through 
his timely encouragement the result has been the organization of a 
church there in connection with the Southern Presbyterian body, 
and the erection of a very commodious house of worship, in the 
dedication of which, on a recent visit, he had the satisfaction of 
taking part. After the death of his wife, and his own health failing 
him again, he spent the winter of i886-'7 in his native air, at Cape 
May, N. J. Here his health, in the kind providence of God, was 
wonderfully improved, and in the Spring of 1887, he returned to 
his old Presbytery of Huntingdon, which immediately appointed 
him to supply the vacant churches of Petersburg and vicinity, which 
he continues to do with encouraging success. 

Besides his pastoral and missionary work. Dr. Hughes has been 
influential and active in matters of education. In the beginning of 



99. 

his ministry he first for two years tauf^ht six young men privately. 
He then for two }ears had charge of the Lewistown Academy, 
and for one year was superintendent of public schools in his town- 
ship. He was, after the death of Rev. J. Y. McGinnes, solicited to 
take charge of the Shade Gap Academy, and at another time of the 
" Mountain Female Seminary," both of which he declined. In Iowa 
he was urged to take charge of the female seminary at Sidney. He 
was a trustee and for a time financial agent (gratuitously, without 
intermitting his other work) of Lenox Collegiate Institute, of which 
he was afterwards offered the presidency. 

Dr. Hughes has written a good deal for publication. In 1854 
he wrote the life of Rev. J. Y. McGinnes, a duodecimo volume of 
over 300 pages, of which an edition of 2,000 copies was disposed of 
within three months. Both in Pennsylvania and in Iowa a variety 
of sermons, addresses, and discussions of his have been published, 
that were delivered on special occasions, and before various insti- 
tutions. He has also written extensively for the religious and 
secular newspapers — letters of travel and miscellaneous articles. 
His latest work has been the preparation and delivery, last Autumn, 
of an elaborate historical address, on the occasion of the one hundred 
and seventy-fifth anniversary of the founding of the Cold Spring 
Church, Cape May, New Jersey. 

Mr. Hughes also showed himself to be a public-spirited citizen 
and "man of affairs." He helped to build a mile of the Council 
Bluffs and St. Joe Railroad, by Pacific City, — the first railroad in 
Western Iowa. For two years he was tax assessor for his town- 
ship. He served as township clerk, school secretary, and school 
treasurer. He became an extensive farmer, opening and improv- 
ing several considerable farms, aggregating twelve hundred acres. 
He introduced the cultivation of flax, and improved breeds of hogs 
and cattle. He at one time became a large cattle-owner, selling 
at one public sale over ^26,000 worth of "short horns." He was 
gradually and almost insensibly drawn into these secubr engage- 
ments without abating his usual ministerial work. One of his 
ruling elders once said to Mrs. Hughes, "What your husband is 
doing is enough to kill two men." The prospect of wealth seemed 
to be opening before him, but there was a turn in his affairs in- 
volving serious losses. Through these, and his own independent 



100. 

reflections, God at length showed him that he was consuming time 
and energies in this way that ought to be devoted to his sacred 
calling. He resolved to give it all up, at further, voluntary, and 
great pecuniary sacrifice ; which he did in 1881, thenceforth devot- 
ing himself exclusively to the work of the ministry. In view of his 
experience in these matters he realizes the truth and force of 
Whittier's lines in " Burning Driftwood : " 

" Whatever perished with my ships, 
I only know the best remains ; 
A song of praise is on my lips 
For losses which are now my gains." 

That he maintained throughout that period of his life a conse- 
crated spirit, is shown in that his custom always was to devote 
from one-tenth to one-seventh of his income to religious and benev- 
olent uses, and at one time, estimating his property at ;^io,ooo, he 
set apart and within the month following gave one-tenth of that 
principal, or ^1,000, to benevolent objects. 

It will be seen that Dr. Hughes' life has been a very busy one — 
his labors many, arduous, and constant — and to an eminent degree 
successful and useful. The promise of youth, which was fair, has 
been more than fulfilled. He has had gratifying proofs of divine 
approval in the blessings that have attended his labors in the 
gospel, and to a very satisfactory degree he has won the approval 
and esteem of his fellow-men. The stated clerk of Waterloo Pres- 
bytery, when he was leaving them, wrote : '• We are sorry to part 
with you. No member of this presbytery would be more missed. 
Your wise counsel and kindly spirit carried us through many a 
difficulty, and it is wonderful that, with your asthma, you can do 
so much." And, in writing to The Presbyterian, he says : " This 
interesting field is now vacant. Rev. Daniel L. Hughes having 
felt obliged by failing health to relinquish his work, it deserves as 
good a pastor as it has lost. Better there could hardly be." The 
Hon. Joseph Dysart, ex-Lieutenant Governor of Iowa, in his his- 
tory of Dysart and vicinity, where Mr. Hughes labored for seven 
years, says : " Mr. Hughes' career as a minister has been a check- 
ered one — long and laborious. Endowed by nature with an iron 
will, a physique remarkable for endurance, and a most equable 
temperament, he has surmounted difficulties that but few of his 



101. 

fellow-mortals have confronted. His mind is well disciplined, his 
memory tenacious and well stored with a fund of biblical and 
secular knowledge. He is a good speaker, a ready writer, and a 
controversialist that his foemen must respect." 

It has been but a just recognition of Mr. Hughes' solid attain- 
ments in theology, his ability as a preacher, and his long, arduous 
and successful career in the ministry, that on the occasion of the 
present commencement the trustees of Washington and Jefferson 
College have conferred on him the honorary degree of Doctor of 
Divinity. 

Dr. Hughes is now in the 48th year of his ministry ar'd the 71st 
year of his age; but, noting his erect figure, his firm step, his 
vivacity of manner, his clear and strong voice and forcible delivery 
in public speaking, one would hardly suspect that he had passed 
the ordinary limit of human life." 

I wish to record here my unwavering belief in the excellency of 
the Calvinistic system of Faith. I have found during the 48 years 
of my ministry nothing better. I have never failed to preach it in 
high places or in low places. I have realized its effectiveness 
everywhere. It is Divinely revealed in both the Old and the New 
Testaments. Christ taught it. Paul taught it. And it has been 
a living power ever since. It honors God, and humbles and saves 
men. And this is the design and the result of true religion. All 
is of grace. Our Pauhne Theology, our Calvanistic Faith, plainly 
evolved from the word of God and logically based upon its teach- 
ings — having as its healthy, safe, and long tried exponents, the 
Westminster Confession of Faith with both its larger and shorter 
Catechisms, and accompanied by its outline of Ecclesiastical 
polity — is not a mere wishy-washy, milk and water, anything or 
nothing establishment — a mere will-o'-the-wisp that is here or 
there or yonder, as human applause or the popular speculations of 
the day would make it : but it is intelligent, scriptural, positive, 
and decided in its character. It is not even " wood, hay, or 
stubble," it is the " gold, silver, and precious stones " — the onyx 
and the sapphire — eternal truth, invaluable and imperishable. Its 
price is above rubies. Says a late writer: "It is all nonsense 
about Orthodox preaching being unpopular. The spirit of the age 



103, 

will no more modify the essential truths of Christianity than it will 
modify the mountains. It may plant more fruits and flowers on 
them, but they are unchangeable." 

The Rev. C. H. Spurgeon says in the preface of one of his pub- 
lished volumes of sermons : — " We have met with nothing- which 
has shaken our faith in the ' good old paths' : but with many 
things which have constrained us to cleave unto the word of the 
Lord with fixed heart and determined spirit. Our ministry is a 
testimony that no new theology is needed to stir the masses and 
save souls. In every place where the old gospel has been pro- 
claimed, it has had its trophies from the worst of men, and we are 
no exception to the rule. The slain of the Lord have been many." 

My health again so failed me in the Fall of 1890, that feeling it 
necessary to retire from the active duties of the Ministry, with the 
approval of Presbytery, I preached my last sermon at Petersburgh, 
Pa., on December 28, 1890 — made arrangements to have my pul- 
pits supplied until Spring — promised to make my full report to 
Presbytery at its next meeting in April, 1891 — and designed to 
spend the winter in a milder climate. 

The Mountain Messenger, of Alexandria, Pa., in its issue of 
December 1 890, says : " Dr. Hughes has given up his work, and is 
about to retire from the ministry, after nearly forty-eight years of 
faithful and untiring labor. The title 'Honorably Retired' is well 
earned and worthily bestowed." 

January 8, 189 1, was my 71st birthday. Some of my friends 
seized this opportunity to get up a good dinner for me, and to in- 
vite several of my ministerial, and other, friends to share the feast 
with me. It was a good day, and a pleasant occasion. The Cape 
May Wave, N. J., under date of January 10, 1891, has the follow- 
ing to say about it — "Rev. Daniel L. Hughes has just closed his 
pastorate with the Presbyterian Church at Petersburgh, Hunting- 
don County, Pa., on account of asthmatic troubles. His many 
friends took advantage of his early departure, and having knowl- 
edge of his birthday occurring on Thursday last celebrated the 
event by giving him a dinner. He has been held in great esteem 
by the entire community, and leaves them to the regret of all." 
I only exclaim with the Apostle: "By the grace of God I am 
what I am." 



lOS. 

1 am a poor sinner, 

And just nothing at all ; 
But Jesus, the Saviour, 

Is my " all and in all." 

Just at this time I fell suddenly and seriously ill, lost my 
strength, my appetite, and my voice, and was confined to the house, 
under medical treatment, for the next two months ; so that I could 
not go to Cape May, N. J., to regain my general health as I had 
purposed to do. " Man proposes, but God disposes." *' It is not 
in man that walketh to direct his steps. A man's heart deviseth 
his way, but the Lord directeth his steps." In the great mercy of 
the Lord, however, my health gradually improved, and on March 
lOth, the day being favorable, I left Petersburgh at 8.20 A M.; 
and arrived safely at Cape May City, N. J., the same day at 6.30 
P. M. Since, that time my health has been here quite fully re- 
stored again. The Cape May Wave, under date of April 4, 1891, 
published the following : " Rev. Daniel L. Hughes has been here 
at Cape May City now three weeks, and is greatly improved in 
health. His cough and asthma seem to be entirely gone — his 
medicines are laid aside — and his rheumatism, that he brought with 
him, is better. This also he hopes will leave him as soon as the 
weather becomes settled. He is busy daily in assisting the Wave 
to get out his new book on Ancestral History, entitled, " God's 
Covenant Fulfilled in Pious Households," which is expected to be 
completed in a few weeks. The book is well spoken of as full of 
interest and profit." 

It is simply wonderful how that my native sea air restores me to 
health, whenever in sickness I visit it. I can, with both gratitude 
and joy, use the language of David : " Bless the Lord, O my soul, 
and forget not all his benefits ; Who forgiveth all thine iniquities ; 
Who healeth all thy diseases; Who redeemeth thy life from de- 
struction; Who crowneth thee with loving-kindness and tender 
mercies ; Who satisfieth thy mouth with good things, so that thy 
youth is renewed like the eagle's." 

I can appropriately use here a part of one of my favorite h}.Tnns : 

"When trouble, like a gloomy cloud, 
Has gathered thick, and thundered loud. 
He near my soul has always stood ; 
His loving-kindness, O ! how good ! 



•104 

Soon shall T pass the gloomy vale; 
Soon all my mortal powers must fail ; 
O ! may my last expiring breath, 
His loving-kindness sing in death." 

As I have always been deeply interested in Home Missions, and 
have devoted to this cause the principal part of my life ; I deem it 
not inappropriate, and I hope that it will be satisfactory to my 
many relatives as also will help interest them afresh in the subject, 
to append here the following address that I delivered immediately 
after preaching a sermon from 2 Cor., 8:9 — in the Presbyterian 
Church, at Cape May City, N. J., by invitation of its pastor, Rev. 
C. A. Brewster, on Sabbath, March 6, 1887, and which was pub- 
lished in the Star of the Cape March 18, 1887. 

HOME MISSIONS. 

Your pastor invited me, as an old missionary, to preach for you 
to-day the annual sermon, and to say something in the behalf of 
Home Missions. I do so with pleasure. The cause of Missions 
is a grand one. It has its discouragements and trials, but it has 
also its encouragements and triumphs. Our Lord Jesus Christ 
was the first and greatest missionary. " God sent not His Son 
into the world to condemn the world ; but that the world through 
him might be saved," Jesus came from heaven to earth upon a 
mission of love. He came to redeem us from all iniquity, and to 
purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works. He 
came to restore us, as sinners, to the favor and image of God, and 
to secure for us a heavenly inheritance and life everlasting. In 
order to do it he gave us himself, his life, his all. And on the 
cross he exclaimed, " It is finished." I love the cause of Missions. 
To it I have devoted my life, my energies and my estate. And 
now that my life is spared, and my voice is continued, I am ready, 
as I have opportunity and ability, to speak in its behalf. And yet 
in ray Home Missionary work for thirty years and more my heart 
is sometimes so full of it, and my feelings so tender about it, that 
as many incidents and associations impress themselves upon my 
memory, I can scarcely speak of them without tears. Although 
always partially engaged, more or less, in missionary work during 
the first nearly fifteen years of my early ministry that I resided in 



105. 

Pennsylvania, yet in 1857, i^ order that I might engage in it 
wholly, I resigned my charge there, and with a large family and 
the most of our household goods removed via St. Louis and up the 
Missouri River some 1500 to 2000 miles, amidst many inconveni- 
ences in those early times, to the southwest border of Mills county, 
sixteen miles south of Council Bluffs, Iowa, on the Missouri River, 
at a personal cost of ^750. This river was the farthest Western 
boundary of the United States. All beyond, then, to the Pacific ocean 
was one wide waste of territory except for a few miles west of the 
Missouri River, and here and there small and scattered improve- 
ments. The first seven years I spent in the Council Bluffs Presbytery, 
along the Missouri River ; the next six years I spent in the Des 
Moines and Cedar Presbyteries, in the central part of the State ; and 
the last seventeen years I spent in the Cedar Rapids and Waterloo 
Presbyteries, in a more northerly part of the State, 

You have Home Missions in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, 
Indiana, Illinois, and other Northern and Southern States ; but I 
shall briefly speak of the other half of our continent stretching 
from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean — Iowa having been 
admitted into the Union as a State on December 28, 1846, and the 
only State then west of the Mississippi River except California, in 
the far Southwest, admitted September 9, 1850. I might readily 
spend an hour in telling you of the greatness of this work — in its 
vast importance, the wide extent of its territory, its rich soil and 
varied climate, its many destitutions, the numerous difficulties it 
has to overcome because of the aboundings of worldliness and 
error, the growing want of both men and means to carry it forward, 
and its already glorious results. But this I cannot now do. Yet I 
feel like pointing you in our text, 2 Cor., 8:9, to-day, to the noblest 
example on record to stimulate you to self-denial, liberality, and 
holy endeavors in behalf of this blessed cause. And I can testify 
to you from my own experience and observation, as an eye-wit- 
ness, that while I was in the West from 1857 to 1887 I saw the 
vast masses of human beings with horse teams, mule teams, and ox 
teams, as well as on railroads in later years, rush by in almost 
ceaseless crowds to California, Pike's Peak, Oregon, and the varied 
Territories — until nations seemed to be formed in a day. I have 
seen State after State admitted into the Union. I have seen those 



107. 

wide and desolate Territories and new States spanned by rail- 
roads — dotted over with thriving towns and cities, improved farms, 
vast herds of all kinds, and factories of every description — and best 
of all with schools, academies, and colleges, with temperance socie- 
ties and Young Men's Christian Associations, and with Sabbath 
schools and churches of all denominations in every direction. 
While many revivals of religion and encouraging growth in both 
temporal and spiritual things have been experienced all along the 
slopes of the Rocky Mountains and the shores of the Pacific. 

When I first went West I did not expect to remain there more 
than ten years, and thought I would be more useful there during 
those years in organizing and building up new churches in desti- 
tute settlements than I would by remaining in a well established 
church in the East. But I always found the work so constantly 
widening in my hands that I never saw any just opportunity for 
me to leave it. And it was only because my failmg health warned 
me that it was dangerous for me to continue longer in my labors 
and exposures amidst the severity of Iowa winters, that I was com- 
pelled finally to resign my work there and seek a more congenial 
climate in the place of my nativity, and for a time at least to be 
laid aside from the active duties of the ministry. But the retro- 
spect of the success of those labors, by the grace of God, is 
pleasing. Besides all other rapid improvements that were made 
all around, there are not less than a dozen and a half of ministers 
who are now supplying those churches that I aided in organizing 
and establishing. To God be the praise. This great work of Home 
Missions has advanced from the beginning in all our New West (as 
we may call it) not only three fold and four fold, but thirty fold, 
sixty fold, and one hundred fold. Did time permit, it might be 
easy to show this in Iowa, Texas, Kansas, Nebraska, Minnesota, 
Dakota, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Washington, Alaska, Oregon, 
Colorado, and California. The work also among the exceptional 
populations, as they are termed, of the Mormons, the Indians, and 
the Mexicans, is large, growing and imperative. This work, as 
well as the schools among the freedmen and many of the poor 
Southern whites, is mainly in charge of our noble Women's Execu- 
tive Committee. 

The cause of all this remarkable growth — next to the word and 



106. 

Spirit of God arousing his churches, in this missionary age, to re- 
newed consecration to his service and to an increased effort to 
rescue the perishing, and tlie earnest labors of his missionary serv- 
ants on the field — are the wonderful providences of God in the 
liberal provision made for securing fertile lands, the discoveries of 
vast quantities of precious metals, the building of long lines of 
railroads and telegraphs, the pouring into all these new regions of 
our own people by the thousands with marvelous rapidity, and the 
immigration therein of foreigners annually in almost countless 
numbers, constituting in many places one-third or more of the en- 
tire population. All this necessarily creates a constant demand 
annually for more men and more money, in order to meet both the 
wants of the situation and the respons.bilities that God has laid 
upon his churches. 

If our motto is "America for Christ," it is no wonder that the 
cries reach us from every quarter, " Send us more men," " Come 
over and help us." It is no wonder that our excellent Board of 
Home Missions, in struggling to solve the mighty problem of how 
to supply these surging masses of humanity with the saving gospel 
of Christ, has incurred a debt. You need more men and more 
money to meet the missionary demands in the East; but we need 
them especially in the West, where society is in a forming state, 
where destitutions are so large and so multiplied, and where early 
and adapted effort will so soon be crowned richly with the Divine 
blessing. "The great and vital interests of the church and of the 
world are wrapped up in this missionary work. Everything that 
we hold dear in social life, in civil government, in christian institu- 
tions, in the spread of religion over the earth, so far as human in- 
strumentalities are concerned, depends upon the way we preach 
the Gospel in these rapidly growing communities." — (Minutes 
G, A., p. 40}. There are great perils before us as a nation if we 
neglect here to do our duty. Political power to control the gov- 
ernment is fast centering in the West, and hence the great import- 
ance of having it religiously educated and leavened with the Spirit 
and grace of God. Our civil as well as our social and religious 
condition, then, as a nation, bid us as christians without delay, and 
with heart and purse, to " stand up for Jesus." At the same [time, 
I am positively of the opinion that if — under the free and liberal 



108. 

provisions of our government for the safety and comfort of all its 
citizens — foreigners, who come to America to better their condi- 
tion, instead of being obedient to our laws and helping to maintain 
our well established institutions, shall attempt to subvert them by 
destroying our Bibles and Sabbaths, upholding the deadly liquor 
traffic and the lowest forms of human life connected with it, en- 
couraging Anarchy, riot and blood shed, thus sapping the very 
foundations of our government — then, in order to its own self- 
preservation, if these people will not be and cannot be American- 
ized and christianized, our government must either expatriate 
gross offenders, or mete out to them the full penalty of the law for 
their revolutionary conduct ; or it will be compelled eventually to 
limit, if not to forbid altogether, such immense immigrations, 

Missionaries themselves not only go far hence from friends and 
all the endearments and attractions of well regulated religious so- 
ciety, to endure the toils, privations, and exposures, of new settle- 
ments and frontier life ; and often to preach in every direction 
without any pecuniary return from the people ; but they also, even 
amidst the pinchings of poverty from their small and uncertain 
salaries, cheerfully give of their income annually that the waste 
places in Zion may be supplied, precious souls saved, Christ hon- 
ored, and our country preserved and blessed. Is it too much, then, 
to expect that christians at home, in more favored localities and 
amidst pleasant surroundings, shall, out of their abundance and 
comfort, minister to the necessities of their brethren in the Lord, 
who, as above stated, are willing to spend and to be spent far 
away in their blessed Master's service? It is not poverty but in- 
difference that cripples our energies in the benevolent work of the 
church. And let me add, that if as a church you will be dis- 
tinguished for your missionary character, next to your strong ad- 
herence to the doctrines of grace, you will occupy the very highest 
position. The great commission of Christ to all his disciples is to 
spread everywhere saving gospel truth. He says, " Go ye into all 
the world and preach the gospel to every creature." Some must 
go in person, and some must go by their contributions, and all 
must go with their faith and prayers. Two hundred ministers and 
teachers, well prepared, are needed this Spring to supply the waste 
places of our Zion. And our General Assembly has recommended 



im. 

the churches under its care to raise In the support of this grand 
work the sum of ^750,000 this year, which closes on the 31st day 
of this present month (March, 1887). 

Permit me, in closing, to ask who of you here to-day that shall 
hear the Lord's question, "Whom shall I send" into this great 
harvest field? will answer, " Here am I, send me?" And who of 
you here to-day, young and old, will help raise, according to his 
several ability and as God hath prospered you the above men- 
tioned sum as needed and as recommended by our General 
Assembly ? Will not every one of you say " I will ?" From what 
I know, personally, of our Board of Home Missions, I can cor- 
dially commend its fidelity and energy to you for your liberal sup- 
port and your fervent prayers for its enlarged usefulness in its 
noble work of helping save our beloved land. 

MRS. ELMIRA WILLIAMS HUGHES. 

The GRAND-PARENTS of Elmira W. Hughes, the wife of Rev. 
Daniel L. Hughes, on her father's side were Humphrey hughes 
(who died at sea while her father was a child) and Jane Whillden 
Hughes, the daughter of James Whillden, and an own sister to 
*' Uncle " Matthew Whillden, one of the oldest and most godly 
ruling elders in the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, Cape May 
County, N. J. Their only child was Humphrey Hughes. After 
her husband's death Mrs. Jane W. Hughes married Jeremiah Ed- 
munds, and had three children, Elizabeth, Mahala, and Jeremiah 
Edmunds. 

Her GRAND-PARENTS on her mother's side were William 
Williams of Loudon County, Virginia, son of David and Ann 
Williams, and Abigail Collings Williams, daughter of Richard 
and Hetty Zanes Collings of Gloucester County, N. J. They were 
married July 24, 1779, by William Smith, D.D„ Prov. of the College 
of Philadelphia. Their only child was Hetty Williams. William 
Williams was a Lieutenant in the Revolutionary Army, a brave and 
skilful officer of considerable fame He was a brother of Lieutenant 
David Williams of Virginia, who was killed at the battle of Co wpens 
South Carolina. 

Abigail C. Williams, his wife, was born February 10, 1759, and 



no. 

Hied February 24, 1847, aged eighty-eight years and fourteen days. 
She was a remarkable woman, naturally possessed of a vigorous 
mind and that well cultivated. She was far-sighted, catching often 
by Iser sagacity and dreams a glimpse of coming events, had an 
excellent memory, and was a great reader, keeping up with all the 
current events of her time, political, secular, and religious. She 
was quite wealthy and moved in the best of society. Her history 
as connected with the Zanes and Collings,as well as Williams families 
is full of interest, and stirring incident. She was a devout and 
liberal-minded Christian, using her intelligence, piety, and wealth 
to advance the best interests of society and the church. She was 
a great Bible reader, and would often at one sitting read one or 
more of its books through consecutively ; while she read the whole 
Bible through some forty times during her life. Possessed of much 
information on a variety of subjects she was an entertaining com- 
panion and an instructive conversationalist. Especially in her 
advanced years, did the children and youth love to gather in her 
room and Hsten to her recitals of Bible stories and historical narra- 
tives. In her later years she married Methuselah Davis, who also 
died before she did, her property became somewhat reduced, and 
the remainder she divided wisely before her death among her heirs. 
Upon receiving the news of her death, her grand-daughter, Elmira 
W. Hughes, residing in Little Valley, Pa., thus wrote in her 
Diary — "March 2, 1847, yesterday I heard of the death of my 
beloved grand-mother. I can scarcely realize that she is gone. 
There is a vacancy made on earth which can never be filled ; but 
we have one more tie in heaven. O 1 that we all may be prepared 
to meet her there. How thankful should we be that she retained 
her faculties until the last. She said shortly before she died, — 'If 
I know of anything in heaven or on earth that I love, it is — that 
dear Lamb of God ' — a term which she generally applied to the 
Saviour. I never knew the depth of my love for her until I heard 
of her removal. She was a remarkable woman both for her intel- 
lectual and moral powers. She had such a pleasant way of intro- 
ducing religion into every day conversation, that even those who 
were not serious would be pleased rather than offended, and christ- 
ians were edified. Had her opportunities when young been equal 
to her talents she would have been even more brilliant in the in- 



lit. 

tellectual world. I dislike exaggerated praises of the dead, but I 
know that without exaggeration, there were few like her." 

The PARENTS of Elmira W, Hughes were Capt. Humphrey 
Hughes, the only child of Humphrey and Jane Whillden Hughes, 
and Hetty Williams Hughes, the or.ly child of Lieutenant 
William Williams and Abigail Collings Williams. They were married 
March 9, 1800. Her father was born November 20, 1775, and died 
August 21, 1858, aged eighty two years, nine months and one day. 
He led a sea-faring life, and was master of his business. 

He was a large man, of fine appearance, weighing two hundred 
pounds, and had a pleasant disposition and an accommodating 
spirit. He had a large experience of ocean-life, traveled exten- 
sively to various sea-ports, and " all over the world" as he used to 
say. He often had command of large vessels that were freighted 
with very valuable cargoes worth hundreds of thousands of do lars, 
that he had to dispose of and account for. But he was a man of 
sterling integrity, and secured both the confidence and the respect 
of his employers. For many years he was appointed by the Gov- 
ernment of the United States as the Captain or Superintendent of 
the Government Light Ship on the Five Fathoms Bank, south of 
Cape May, New Jersey. He retained this position until his age 
and infirmities required his resignation. 

In his earlier years in going to Virginia, to look after some 
property that belonged to him and to his family, through the 
Williams' estate, he met with a serious accident in getting out ot 
the stage coach by breaking a blood vessel, which was a source ot 
trouble to him ever afterwards, and which led him to give up his 
intended visit and to return home. Before his death he united 
with the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church on profession of his 
faith in Christ, and died peacefully in a good old age, and was 
buried in the Cold Spring Cemetery, 

His wife, Hetty Williams Hughes, was born December 14, 1781, 
and died February 4, 1870, aged eighty-eight years, one month, 
and twenty days. Like her mother she was a remarkable and de- 
cided woman. She had a strong mind, an excellent judgment, M'as 
industrious, active, and enterprising, a great Bible and newspaper 
reader, intelligent upon the prominent questions of the day before 
the State and the Church, and was withal a devoted and consistent 



112. 

christian. She loved the house of God, the prayer meeting, and 
the Missionary cause, and was ahvays by her presence and purse 
ready to help them forward. As her husband in his sea-faring life 
was necessarily absent very much from home, the training and care 
of her large family almost entirely devolved upon her. And in a 
highly successful degree did she meet all these heavy responsi- 
bilities. Her wisdom, energy, and financial executive ability, in 
answer to her strong faith in God and constant prayer for his 
guidance and help, enabled her to triumph over her greatest diffi- 
culties, and to train up her sons and daughters so as to have 
standard characters and to be prepared to occupy responsible and 
useful stations in life. Two of the sons became reliable pilots. 
One daughter married a ruling elder in the Cold Spring Presby- 
terian Church ; another married its pastor ; and the next and 
youngest married one of its sons, also a Presbyterian minister. 
She said to me once, " God is better than our fears." She died, 
hopefully and trustingly, in the Cold Spring Presbyterian Parson- 
age, at her daughter's — Mrs. Emily H. Williamson — and was laid 
tenderly to rest beside her departed husband in the old cemetery. 
She believed in God that all her children would be saved. 

The children of Capt. Humphrey and Hetty W. Hughes were the 
following nine : — Infant daughter died nameless, Louisa Williams, 
Joseph Eastburn, Albert Henry, Isaac Collings, Emily Hurst, 
Elmira Williams, Humphrey, and Charles Pinckney. Of these, 
three only are now living — Albert H., Humphrey, and Charles P. 

Louisa Williams Hughes, the second child, was born January 
9, 1806: was married to Enoch Edmunds, of Fishing Creek, Cape 
May county, N. J., July 16, 1822; had three children, Louisa H., 
Elizabeth S., and Enoch; and died August 21, i860, aged fifty- four 
years, seven months and twelve days. She was an intelligent, 
active, and devoted Christian, but an invalid for many ^ears. Enoch 
Edmunds, her husband, was born in 1799, and died March 30, 
1867, aged sixty-eight years. He was a farmer, diligent, affable, 
honest, and public spirited. He became the popular Manager 
for many years of the steamboat business from the (7ape May 
Point landing to Cape May City ; and was also a punctual and 
faithful ruling Elder in the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church 
for nearly sixteen years. He married, as his second wife. Miss 



US. 

Mary Miller, of Green Creek. She was born May 15, 1804, and 
died July 23, 1883, aged seventy-nine years, two months, and eight 
days. Her obituary notice says : — " Mrs. Edmunds was born in 
Cape May County and lived here all her life. At an early age she 
united with tlie Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, and ever main- 
tained a consistent christian life. An invalid for many years, she 
spent her time in quiet seclusion from the world, ministering to 
others of her substance and doing good as she had opportunity. 
Though having no children, she cared for the children of others. 
Enduring patiently to the end, she departed in peace and has gone 
to her rest — the reward of the righteous, 

" Lie down, frail body, here 
Earth has no fairer bed, 
No gentler pillows to afford — 
Come, rest thy homesick head." 

Joseph Eastburn Hughes the third child was born December i, 
1809, and died May 3, 18 10, aged five months and two days. 

Albert Henry Hughes^ the fourth child, was born January 8, 
1812; and was married first to Miss Elizabeth Schellenger, of Cape 
Island, March 9, 1 839. She was born May 7, 1 8 1 7, and died April 14, 
1844, aged twenty-six years, eleven months, and seven days. They 
had three children—Abigail Collings, Jane Schellenger, and Elizabeth 
Schellenger. Mr. Hughes married second^ Miss Mary Whitaker 
Pierson, of Cold Spring, May 6, 1845. She was born March 26, 181 7, 
and has been a prudent and faithful wife and mother, and is esteemed 
by all. They are both decided and consistent members of the Presby- 
terian Church, as are also the children of both families. This marriage 
was blessed with two children, Henry Albert and Hetty Williams. 

Albert H. has been a reliable and successful Cape May and Dela- 
ware Bay Pilot; and with his good judgment and safe investments 
has secured a competent portion of the good things of this life, and 
enjoys God's blessing with them. As a sea-faring life is one of the 
regular occupations of the citizens of Cape May County, N. J., they 
are often exposed to great dangers, and are often found in perilous 
situations. " They that go down to the sea in ships, that do busi- 
ness in great waters ; these see the works of the Lord, and his 
wonders in the deep. For he commandeth, and raiseth the stormy 
wind, which lifteth up the waves thereof. They mount up to the 



114. 

heavens, they go down again to the depths : their soul is melted 
because of trouble. They reel to and fro, and stagger like a 
drunken man, and are at their wit's end. Then they cry unto the 
Lord in their trouble, and he bringeth them out of their dis- 
tresses." — Ps. 107:23-28. One exciting scene of this character, 
only, will I here record, that occurred while I was at Cape May 
City during the winter of 1887, and which was published in the 
Star of the Cape, March 18, 1887 — and is as follows : 

ADRIFT AT SEA. 

PILOT I. PUTNAM HUGHES ADRIFT IN AN OPEN BOAT IN THE DARK- 
NESS OF NIGHT. HIS PROVIDENTIAL RESCUE. 

It was on Monday afternoon that the Pilot Boat, E. C. Knight, 
upon which cruise a number of our Cape May pilots, ran in under 
the beach to send her skilT ashore with several of the men who re- 
side in this city. Completing their errand they returned to the 
ship, and pilots Putnam Hughes, his brother, Warren Hughes, 
Alfonso Bennett, Harry S. Fldredge, with the Captain, Joseph 
Springer, arranged to return to the shore, desiring to attend the 
revival meeting in the M. E. Church, of which most of them are 
members, leaving Frank S. Eldredge and Wm. T. Eldredge on 
board, and rowing themselves to the iron pier, their annual landing 
place. When they reached the pier it was nearly dark. The wind 
was blowing almost a gale from the northwest and the sea was very 
rough, beating the boat about violently as she lay at the pier .while 
the men were scrambling out, one after the other. All had reached 
the platform but Mr. Hughes when the "painter" slipped, and 
before it could be recovered the horrible fact was realized that 
Hughes was powerlessly adrift It was a terrible situation, and 
Mr. Hughes' heart sank within him as he found himself unable to 
regain the pier, and drifting rapidly out upon the wild waves into 
the closing darkness. He knew not what his comrades would do 
or could do to attempt his rescue. Those on board the Knight 
knew nothing of his terrible predicament, and he doubted if his 
companions could procure and launch another boat, or possibly 
reach the Knight and give the alarm. 

Amid the wildest excitement the pilots searched the strand for a 
surf boat, but only an old skiff was found. The alarm reached but 



115. 

a comparatively few. Woman, ever ready to aid in succoring those 
in distress, found a place for action in this emergency. Mrs. 
Quidort and Mrs. Capt. Sooy were alone at the residence of the 
former, and hastily procured oars that were upon the premises, and 
nobly aided in dragging the boat to the raging surf. No time was 
to be lost. The life of a dear comrade, a neighbor, a friend, was 
at stake. Heroically three of the brave men, Warren Hughes. 
Harry Eldredge and Capt. Springer, put out in the old skiff. All 
must not go, as they might never reach the ship in the rickety 
boat. At last, after a hard pull they cleared the breakers, reached 
the ship and gave the alarm. Blackness of darkness had settled 
down over the waters, and more than one " God help us " was 
uttered as they got under weigh and let the good ship Knight scud 
before the wind under bare poles, keeping her as near the direc- 
tion, off and on, as the drifting boat must have taken. They had 
cruised in this way nearly a half an hour, watching, listening for 
calls to reach them over the waves. There was no sign of the lost 
one, and they halted in their course. What more could be done 
they knew not, but after a httle pilot Frank Eldredge said, "We 
will not give him up yet," and again they put her out before the 
wind and rounded up to listen — see they could not, and — hark ! a 
voice, a call, far out on the waters, between them and the shore. 
They had got beyond him. A wild shout went up ; " God direct 
us !" was now the prayer which went heavenward, and ere long the 
helm answered to its last test and the little boat and its lone occu- 
pant were within reach. Worn out with bailing and rowing, his 
nervous system almost prostrated from the strain, he was taken on 
board, embraced over and over again, while tears fell and thanks- 
givings went up from hearts to Him who had directed them and 
answered their prayers. It was nearly ten o'clock that night when 
they landed upon the beach and told the exciting story to many 
eager listeners. It was a narrow escape from an awful death, and 
everywhere the hero of the incident appeared his hand was clasped, 
even hardy men would throw their arms about him while tears 
would trickle down their cheeks and mingle with his. Mr, Hughes 
is a man beloved in the church and by the community, and the re- 
joicing at his providential rescue partook almost of a public 
character. 



116. 

" It was one chance in a thousand " said Frank Eldredge, and 
Mr. Hughes himself declares that " Nothing but God's answer to 
prayer could have directed the vessel." 

Isaac Collings Hughes, the fifth child, was born April 13, 18 14, 
and died June 8,1815, aged one year, one month and twenty-six days. 

Emily Hurst Hughes, the sixth child, was born November 19, 
1817; and died at her residence in Cape May City on Tuesday, 
December 18, 1888, at 9.20 P. M. of paralysis of the brain, aged 
seventy-one years, and twenty-nine days. She was married Septem- 
ber 1 5 , 1 834, to Rev. Moses Williamson, the pastor of the Cold Spring 
Presbyterian Church, whose death preceded her's about eight years. 

Mrs. Williamson's life was one of early piety, self-denial, con- 
sistency, labor, usefulness, and approval. Her death was calm and 
peaceful. The published obituary of her says ; — " The deceased 
was a woman whose quiet ways made friends of all. She was an 
active and very industrious woman up to a few days of her death. 
She was truly a good woman, whose soul now rests from worldly 
care in that land where dwell the spirits of loved ones goue before. 
Several daughters and a son mourn the loss of a most devoted 
mother." 

Rev. Moses Williamson, her husband, was born in Newville, 
Pa., May 7, 1802, and died October 30, 1880, aged seventy-eight 
} ears, five months, and twenty-three days. He was for nearly 
forty-four years the beloved and efficient pastor of the Cold Spring 
Presbyterian Church, Cape May, New Jersey. If any should de- 
sire to read an extended sketch of his life, character, and labors, I 
would refer them to pages 12-15 o^ ^^ Historical Address I de- 
livered at Cape May, September 26, 1889, on the 175th Anniver- 
sary of the Origin of the Cold Spring Presbyterian Church, and 
published by the Editor of the Cape May Wave. 

Humphrey Hughes, the eighth child, was born at Cape Island, 
N. J., May 2, 1822. He married Eliza Eldredge, of Cold Spring, 
N. J., December 31, 1846, and had two children — Adrian B. and 
Harriet E. — as recorded above under the history of his wife. He 
was a reliable Cape May and Delaware River Pilot, and also owned 
the Tremont House in Cape May City and run it as a Boarding 



117. 

House for a number of years during the summer season. He was 
always popular and accommodating in his management, — his nat- 
ural disposition being kind, generous, and friendly : but since his 
wife met with the great affliction of losing her eyesight, he has 
found it necessary to rent his house, and he and his wife make 
their home in it. His health has been of late years quite feeble, 
but until last fall he continued, as he was able, his occupation as a 
Pilot. 

Charles Pinckney Hughes, the ninth and youngest child of 
Captain Humphrey and Hetty W. Hughes, was born at Cape 
Island, N. J., June 26, 1826. He received his education at Cape 
May, and at the Tuscarora Academy, Pa. His health, however, 
became so infirm that he was compelled to discontinue his regular 
studies and to return home. He has always been strictly temper- 
ate in all his habits, and from his youth up until now he has been 
a kind, conscientious, and consistent christian. He is unmarried ; 
and although, because of unsound health, he could not undertake 
any regular and steady employment, yet he tries always in some 
way to be useful. He has a comfortable income for his annual 
support, and has for many years resided at Townsend's Inlet, Cape 
May County, N. J. 

It would be interesting and profitable to write out in detail a full 
history of all the family connections on my wife's side — of the 
Hughes', Whillden's, WilHams', Collings', Edmunds', and William- 
son's, with all their respective families; but this is outside the plan 
or scope of my present effort, and I therefore omit it. 

Elmira W. Hughes was the seventh child of Capt. Humphrey 
and Hetty W. Hughes, and became the beloved wife of Rev, 
Daniel L. Hughes. She was born at Cape Island, Cape May 
County, N. J., January i, 1820; and died at Traer, Tama County, 
Iowa, October 5, 1886, aged sixty-six years, nine months, and four 
days — after being confined to her bed nearly eight weeks by gen- 
eral debility, from a chronic cough that she had patiently endured 
for twenty-five years. She was buried in the cemetery at Vinton, 
Iowa. On her monument is inscribed the comprehensive eulogy — 
" Faithful unto death." It is impossible for me to write the sketch 
of her hfe as a dry and unmeaning thing. I feel that I must pour 



out the wealth of my heart, next to that of my dear Saviour, in her 
behalf We were born together — in the same month, the same 
year, and the same vicinity; grew up together — being baptized in 
infancy at the same time, in the same church and by the same 
minister, attending the same schools, and under the same teachers^ 
and uniting with the same church and at the same time in our 
fourteenth year ; and lived together in the strongest ties of mutual 
affection, as husband and wife, for forty-three years, until separated 
for a brief period by her earlier death. 

We harmonized nicely in our general views, feelings, and 
methods of effort. And we lived, and labored, and prayed together 
for our own good, for the good of all our children, and for the up- 
building of the Redeemer's Kingdom in all the world. Our lives 
seemed to run almost entirely parallel on earth, and in death we 
cannot be long divided. We shall soon be reunited in the " better 
country " in more perfect bonds than ever ; and shall together 
there, clothed in white robes, delight forever to praise our divine 
Redeemer, and strive to execute all his holy will. 

" Then let us forbear to complain, 
Because she is gone from our sight ; 
We shall soon behold her again, 
With new, and redoubled delight." 

While those who remain may repeat the appropriate stanza : — 

" With us her name shall live. 
Through long succeeding years ; 
Embalmed with all our hearts can give, 
Oar praises and our tears. 

Elmira W. after completing her studies at the Cold Spring, Cape 
May, Academy, pursued other and higher branches in select schools 
in Philadelphia. She then engaged in teaching, and was a suc- 
cessful teacher until she married. She was useful in life, and 
peaceful in death. The following obituary notice of her is taken 
from the Star-Clipper, Traer, Iowa, of October 8, 1886. 

A NOBLE LIFE CLOSED. 
« 

One of the noblest lives with which it has ever been our profit 
to come in contact — that of Mrs. D. L. Hughes — closed last Tues- 
day evening. The end was expected by herself and family, as she 



119. 

had been steadily declining for several weeks. It was the close of 
a perfect life, just at the close of a perfect day. Let us look at the 
story of the I'fe, hastily prepared : 

Elmira Williams Hughes was born January i, 1820, at Cape 
May, New Jersey. She was dedicated publicly to God in infancy 
by her pious mother in baptism, and she was prayerfully trained 
up for Jesus. She never knew when she was without convictions. 
They were so deep in her early childhood that she wished she had 
been born a heathen so that she might have escaped the heavy re 
sponsibility that rested upon her in deciding to be a christian. She 
had very early an intense desire to be a christian. In her four- 
teenth year she made an intelligent profession of her faith in Christ 
and united with the Presbyterian Church of Cold Spring, Cape 
May County, New Jersey, under the pastoral care of her brother- 
in-law. Rev. Moses Williamson. She loved the bible, secret prayer, 
the church and Sabbath school, and above all her dear Lord and 
Saviour. She now at once consecrated herself unreservedly to the 
Lord and became a worker in his vineyard. She taught in the 
Sabbath school, often led the smging in the Sabbath school and in 
the prayer meeting, and was a prominent member of the choir of 
the church. She started the first missionary society in the Sab- 
bath school at her native place. Cape Island, N. J., which we 
believe has continued until now, and she carried out this mission- 
ary spirit in prayer, word and deed in all her after life. She was a 
successful teacher in her own private day school and in the Cape 
May academy, and thus helped train up many for usefulness who 
have called her "blessed." On October 19, 1843, she was joined 
in marriage to Rev. Daniel L. Hughes, a few months after his 
graduation from the Theological Seminary at Princeton, N. J. 
Their united desire at first was to go as foreign missionaries to 
China in company with such beloved brethren as Revs. Lowrie, 
Happer, Culbertson, Lloyd and Brown, But her frail health rend- 
ering it impracticable, they next determined to devote their lives 
to the home missionary work, as God in his providence might 
direct. This purpose, with its various lights and shades of mis- 
sionary life, they have been enabled through Divine grace to carry 
out for the past forty-three years. In all these missionary labors 
Mrs. Hughes was always ready cheerfully to do or bear her part 



120. 

according to her ability. It can be said of her as of one in Bible 
times : " She hath done what she could." She was always a co- 
worker with her husband in carrying forward Sabbath schools^ 
Bible classes, prayer meetings, missionary societies and pastoral 
work, as also in encouraging him to faithful pulpit labor. She was 
always willing to give of her substance too, as well as to pray, for 
the advancement of the kingdom of her blessed Redeemer. She 
was a diligent reader, not only of the Bible, but of the choicest and 
best books by human authors, such as those of Baxter, Doddridge, 
Edwards, Owen, as also of our best modern writers. She kept up 
with the current literature of the day, and was always ready to 
every good word and work. She was an intelligent, conscientious 
and devoted christian ; yet she was always afraid of mere theory,, 
or insincerity and deception about religion, and eschewed anything 
like show or self-praise about her religious attainments, and desired 
only that the grace of God might in her case be magnified. She 
held firmly in her religious belief to the doctrinal standards and 
ecclesiastical polity of the Presbyterian Church. She was the 
mother of eight children, five of whom — two sons and three daught- 
ers — with her aged husband and eleven grand-children survive to 
mourn their loss. She was a good wife and a faithful mother as 
well as a devoted christian. " Her children arise up and call her 
blessed ; her husband also, and he praiseth her." " Favor is de- 
ceitful and beauty is vain ; but a woman that feareth the Lord, she 
shall be praised." Mrs. Hughes was gifted with considerable 
poetic taste and talent, and from her earliest years to the close of 
her long, eventful and useful life, many of her compositions were 
acceptable to both her friends in private and to the religious press, 
and often they were said to be beautiful. Her health since child- 
hood has been frail, but during the last twenty-five years she has 
been almost a constant sufferer from a chronic bronchial cough 
and imperfect digestion. Yet such were always her ambition, 
energy and conscientiousness that she would waste no time, neglect 
no duty and yield to no pressure unless from positive necessity. 
Her death was as her life. She struggled to do her duty in pre- 
serving her life and to keep up her strength to the very last. Once 
she said to her husband : " I am very weak." He replied that 
couplet is sweet — "When I am weak, then am I strong; Grace 



131. 

IS my shield and Christ my song." She said she had been call- 
ing to her mind several precious passages of scripture, and that 
Jesus never before seemed so tender and loving. Her husband re- 
plied, '' He is our all in all." Again telling her that he was going 
to write to her older sister that day, October i, she said : " Give 
her my lovp and tell her I am near home." She continued in her 
full mind during all her last eight weeks' special sickness with 
resignation, patience, trust and hope. On Sabbath afternoon, Oc- 
tober 3, she struggled heroically for breath and life. She said : 
" Give me air. I want all the air that I can get." The windows 
and doors were immediately thrown open and her bed placed 
directly in front of the current. She was then fanned hard for two 
hours. God was pleased that pleasant Sabbath afternoon to send 
us a strong and most delightful western wind. As she breathed it 
she exclaimed : " How sweet to breathe God's air ! O how de- 
lightful that breath !" On Monday afternoon in taking leave of 
her children that were present there was a most tender and im- 
pressive scene. She threw her frail arms around them, expressed 
her deep love for them and then gave them each a most wise, pious 
and appropriate exhortation to live above the world and for Jesus 
and heaven — telling them to read the Bible daily, saying it had 
been her chart in life and was now her support in death, and to 
keep up religion in the family and in the church. All this she 
said in a distinct and earnest voice which just before was almost 
inarticulate. They felt that this was the last work of her life and 
that God had given her special strength for it. She had been use- 
ful and glorified God during a long life, and now she bore her 
testimony for Jesus, and to the value of true religion in her death — 
and her work on earth was finished. After this she was exhausted 
and speechless and quietly rested. On Tuesday forenoon, Octo- 
ber 5, although apparently speechless, yet her husband thinking 
that while he was talking she understood it, which she said she did, 
he asked her : " Can you rest on Jesus ?" She replied distinctly, 
" O yes." He again asked " Is Jesus all your hope ?" She re- 
plied faintly, '" All my hope." These were her last words. He 
then said " Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of his 
saints." She then after a few convulsive efforts between life and 
death with closed eyes lay for six hours calm and motionless ex- 



123. 

cept her heavy breathing which grew constantly less until at 5.30 
P. M., just as the bright sun was setting, at the age of sixt>^-six 
years, nine months, and five days, she sweetly fell asleep in Jesus 
to awake in his likeness and to behold him as the sun of righteous- 
ness in glory. Those of her relatives and friends who are left 
behind mourn her absence ; but she was ripe for glory, and their 
earthly loss is her eternal, unspeakable gain. She rests from her 
labors, and her works do follow her. 

No one can estimate the good such lives as that so peacefully 
closed accomplish in the world. Mankind is bettered by them. 
Christianity is strengthened. Noue but a christian can pass so 
many years of suffering with such fortitude. It seems that Prov- 
idence designed that her mind should not be weakened by physi- 
cal frailty, that the christian graces might be exemplified and His 
xause be aided. 

The funeral service was preached by Rev. J. S. Dickey, at the 
Congregational Church yesterday at 3 P. M., and the service was 
largely attended. He spoke from the text : " Precious in the sight 
of the Lord is the death of His saints." The body was taken on 
the evening passenger train to Vinton, and interred in the ceme- 
tery there. Rev. E. H. Avery conducting a short service. 

We cannot close this article better than to append the following 
beautiful lines on the subject of death, written by Mrs. Hughes 
some time ago : 

I know 'tis better to depart 

But how, or when, or where 
Shall cease the throbbings of my heart, 

I need not, should not care. 

The spoiler may with secret smart, 

As slowly work, as sure ; 
Or with keen eye, and well-aimed dart, 

Defy attempts to cure. 

It may be when my hopes are bright, 

And joy a constant guest, 
Or when a host of ills unite 

To make the soul depressed. 

It may be in my much-loved home, 

While friends surround my bed ; 
Or by the way. or where I roam. 

The arrow shall be sped. 



I 



123. 

Since he who wrought this mortal frame, 

And gave the living soul 
The means, the time, the place, doth name. 

At His supreme control. 

I'd trust His wisdom and His love, 

Nor yield to doubt and fear ; 
But borne on wings of faith above, 

Would " read my title clear — 

To mansions ' of eternal bliss. 

No tears, no sin, no pain ! 
How. when, or where, with hopes like this, 

" For me to die is gain." 

And yet the spirit vainly dreads 

To leave its earthly mould ; 
To feel the struggling heart-strings break, 

The curdling blood grow cold. 

To leave the body in the tomb 

To moulder and decay, 
Tho' knowing it is sown to bloom 

At the appointed day, 

• Rise, rise, my soul ! can He not save 

Who took from death its sting? 
And Where's thy victory, boasting grave, 
Since sanctified by Him ? 

" Give us this day our daily bread " — 

Thus are we taught to pray, 
So dying grace is not lor life. 

But for a dying day. 

« As His dear breast supports our bead 

In that last hour of strife, 
With wonder we'll adore that love 
We failed to trust in life. 

The Editor of the Cape May Wave, on hearing of her death, 
wrote October i6, 1886: "Mrs, Hughes was a woman of excel- 
lent character, and her life was one of exemplary piety. She pos- 
sessed unusual literary ability, and contributed to the current 
religious literature of the day many valuable papers." 

The Editor of the Star of the Cape, in whose family Mrs. 
Hughes and her husband spent the winter of 1885-86, thus wrote 
October 15, 1886 : " Though not altogether unexpected, the news 
of the death of Mrs. Elmira W. Hughes, wife of Rev. Daniel L, 
Hughes, Traer, Iowa, causes much sadness among Cape May 



124. 

friends. Leaving the rigors of the Western dimate Mr. and Mrs. 
Hughes spent all last winter at Cape May. Mrs. Hughes was as 
lovely a christian woman as ever honored our acquaintance. Her 
intellect was bright and cultured, and many literary efforts and 
poems of great merit emanated from her pen. To her devoted 
husband she was a spiritual helpmate, and lonely enough must he 
be now that she has passed to the brighter shore, where afflictions 
come not, and joy eternal reigns. Mrs. Hughes was a sister to 
Mrs. Williamson and to Mr. Albert Hughes, of this city. The 
bereft husband may be assured that sincere sympathy is felt for 
him in his loss of the companionship of one who had so many 
years shared with him life's joys and life's sorrows." 

As a housekeeper, Mrs. Hughes was among the excellent women 
in intelligent cooking, cleanliness, order, good taste, economy, and 
industry. The heart of her husband safely trusted in her : for she 
looked well to the ways of her household ; and she taught each of 
her daughters to be a good housekeeper, like herself. She was 
very fond of flowers, and she cultivated them with tender care. 
Every year under her faithful training they bore evidence of her 
skill and fidelity by their variety, richness, and beauty. Her 
climbing Rose which she trailed up on our front piazza, was said 
to be the choicest in Tama County. As a writer, Mrs. Hughes 
wielded both a rapid and a willing pen all her life, from her youth 
up. She was conscientious in the discharge of all her duties. And 
although an invalid she always tried to do all the good she could, 
according to her ability and opportunity. She wrote and pub- 
lished a great many articles in poetry and prose on a variety of 
subjects, both secular and religious, and addressed them to all 
classes — to the young and old — to the afflicted and bereaved — to 
the saint and sinner. She wrote in behalf of Temperance, of the 
Indian, of the Negro, and of Missions both Home and Foreign. 
She had a facility and adaptedness in writing for, and in interesting 
especially the young. Besides many pieces of poetry and prose 
published, Mrs. Hughes left an unpublished book of poetry — an 
extended diary of travels — and several long treatises or narratives 
in prose on useful subjects, read during her life to interest and 
profit the children and youth under her care. 

Of her pubHshed writings I will here record a few pieces only 



I 



125. 

•of her prose anJ poetry that seem to come appropriately to hand, 
and which I hope may be useful. The first prose article is her 
Colorado letter. She frequently wrote letters of travel for different 
papers. When the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church 
met at St. Louis, Mo., in May, 1874, Rev. Sheldon Jackson, D.D., 
the Synodical Missionary of Colorado Territory, who resided at 
Denver, extended a cordial invitation to as many ministers and 
elders and their wives, as desired it, to make an excursion to the 
Rocky Mountains, at the close of the General Assembly, to do so 
under his leadership. " My wife and I " joined this excursion, and 
found it one of great pleasure and profit. Mrs. Hughes gave her 
description of it in a letter dated, Manitou, Col. Ter., June 17, 1874, 
and it was published in the Vinton Eagle, Iowa, July i, 1874, as 
follows : 

Dear Eagle : — So much has been written in regard to trips 
across the plains, that I shall not burden your pinions with buffalo, 
antelope, deer, prairie dog towns, and underground houses. As 
you may know, after reaching Denver, the excursionists took an 
extended tour through Clear Creek canyon, to Golden and to 
Idaho hot springs, tbence to Georgetown, the highest mountain 
town — back to Idaho Springs ; thence across the Rocky Mount- 
ains to Central City and Blackhawk ; thence to Rollins ; to Bould- 
er, through the Boulder Canyon, and back again to Denver. 
Resting there two days, we expected to leave for Colorado Springs 
{j6 miles south of Denver) and Manitou, when we were informed 
that through the influence of General W. J. Palmer, President of 
the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad, there had been a special train 
provided for the excursionists, and we were to be passed to Pueblo 
(42 miles south of Colorado Springs) and returned, free. The road 
is a narrow gauge, and is remarkably smooth. We traveled at the 
rate of forty miles an hour. There were three car loads of us. 
After the long trip together we were well acquainted, visiting back 
and forth strolling out to gather curiosities or flowers, whenever 
the cars stopped ; and as we were well rested and improved m 
health, a more sociable, cheerful, ^'S well as intelligent company, 
you can scarcely imagine. 

The scenery is varied between Denver and Pueblo — hills and 
plains, mountains and valleys. Very little rain falls in these 



regions, but the many clear, beautiful streams fTowing from the 
mountains are a blessing to the thirsty land. Every farmer has- 
ditches through his fields, about 25 feet apart ; and these, commu- 
nicating with the streams, are filled ; and they tell us it is not 
necessary to let the water cover the surface, as it spreads under 
the soil, and refreshes and gives vitality to the roots. The wheat 
looked fine in Southern Colorado, but corn seemed backward. The 
flowers on the wild land were of almost endless variety ; but the 
large fields of cactus, in full bloom, seemed to elicit the greatest 
praise. 

Pueblo, the oldest Colorado town, is situated on both sides of 
the Arkansas River, and has about 5,000 inhabitants, though I 
belieye they claim more. We found it exceedingly warm there, 
after breathing, so long, the mountain air. The river is pleasant, 
running through the town ; but from the appearance of things I 
should judge it to be treacherous, at some seasons. Colorado 
Springs is the name of the county town of El Paso county, while 
the springs really are at Manitou, five miles distant. We were met 
by coaches at Colorado Springs, on our return from Pueblo, and 
were conveyed to Manitou the same evening. 

Manitou had no improvements until about two years ago ; now 
there are two large, excellent hotels — the Manitou and the Cliff 
House. The latter is just opened, and was both christened and 
consecrated by our company, as you shall see. There are, also, 
several smaller boarding-houses, and a number of private resi- 
dences, among the latter that of Grace Greenwood, who is ex- 
pected soon to occupy it. It is said that when Col. Fremont 
discovered these springs, he found many Indian trinkets in and 
around them, as offerings to the Great Spirit of Manitou, or the 
Healing Waters. One is said to be a sulphur spring, but it is 
" doubtfully weak, most persons think. There are several iron 
springs — two as strong as any of which the older States can boast. 
The soda springs are almost without number : we come upon them 
in every ramble, as we do upon the streams and waterfalls. The 
most famous, however, is the large one near the Cliflf House. It 
boils and bubbles, and runs over the high stone inclosure, forming 
a little rill, emptying into the brook. Some who care not for its 
medicinal virtues, mix it with lemon juice, and have a delicious 
effervescent drink, fresh from the spring. 



i2i!r. 

"Everywhere we go, Pike's Peak is the one great object of ad- 
miration. As you approach the mountains, it stands in proud, cold 
grandeur, towering above them all. It seems vain too, constantly 
changing, as if to attract attention — hiding its head beneath the 
clouds, or shining, snow-clad, in the sunlif ht. At other times, its 
lower part, visible above the other mountains, will be enveloped in 
clouds, so that its summit appears as if floating in the sky. One, 
I do not say who, delivered an impromptu on this scene, thus : 

Pike's Peak takes a freak, 

And all its base enshrouds^ 
While its sleet, snow-capped peak 

Seems floating in the clouds. 

The summit of Pike's Peak is 14,386 feet above the level of the 
sea. 

Besides Pike's Peak, the principal objects of interest are " The 
Garden of the gods," Monument Park, Glen Eyrie, with its beauti- 
ful canyon, the Falls of the Fountain, the Ute Pass, and Cheyenne 
canyon. Our company went first to Glen Eyrie, and those who 
were able went up the canyon, and, among other curiosities, saw 
" The Devil's Punch Bowl," a huge rocky basin, into which the 
falls, many feet above, dash with great violence. Gen. Palmer's 
residence is at Glen Eyrie, and Mrs. P. accompanied the ladies up 
the canyon, while her mother, Mrs. Mellon, kindly entertained us 
weaker ones who remained, providing us a cup of tea, and refresh- 
ments, served in the daintiest style. The architecture of the house 
is novel, and appropriate to its location, amid the fantastical rock 
formations, the waterfalls and groves. Everywhere within, some- 
thing curious met the eye. Elk and deer horns were tastefully 
arranged in the midst of evergreens. Over the breast-work of the 
mantel piece, you find a buffalo skin, with its enormous head com- 
ing suddenly out as if ready to leap upon you ; an easy chair was 
formed of one of these, the legs seeming to have been taken off at 
the first joint, and the remainder of them forming the legs of the 
chair ; while the skin formed the back and seat and its huge head 
with glass eyes answered to rest your limbs upon. Stuffed birds, 
fossils, and a cabinet of specimens of ore, &c., coats of arms, bronze 
figures, a fine library, exquisite paintings, rich furniture, and you 



have so much of art and nature commingled, as to redeem it from' 
stately stiffness on the one hand, or wildness on the other. 

Next we visited the " Garden of the gods." Language is dumb^ 
when we attempt to describe what must be seen to be appreciated. 
If the West develops further, we must add some other words to 
our vocabulary — "grand," "beautiful," and even "magnificent" are 
worn out, and are not able to express all we see. You enter the 
Garden between two chains of yellowish brown rocks, 800 feet 
high ; while at the extreme end, just in front of you, the walls of 
rock are white. On every side you behold pillars, monuments, 
castles and almost anything else your vivid imagination may con- 
jure up, from 20 to 800 feet high. Many of these rocky pedestals 
have huge figures on the top, which really look like relics of 
heathen mythology — hence its name, " Garden of the gods." Some 
of the rocky walls have openings like gothic windows, the sky 
showing through, and with the spires rising here and there — one 
has the name of the Cathedral. Many climbed to the top of this 
up the natural stairway, back of broken rocks. The prospect,, 
they said, they never could forget, while life lasted. Mr. H and a 
number of other gentlemen, and a few ladies entered a cave through 
a hole in a rock, only large enough to admit one, and found them- 
selves, after ascending a few feet, in a room 15 to 20 feet broad and 
100 feet long, with a ceiling 100 feet high. Some of our best 
singers were of the company, and the effect, as " Rock of Ages " 
echoed through those sounding arches, can be better imagined 
than described. 

At this point our party separated, one coach returning to the 
hotel, and several others going to the mouth of Cheyenne canyon, 
with its rocky walls hundreds of feet above them _: by a footpath 
they ascended, crossing the stream fifteen times on rough foot- 
bridges, often feeling the spray of the waterfalls. But one gentle- 
man and two young ladies ascended the topmost rock to gain a 
view of seven successive waterfalls. They only had a footing the 
width of the hand — smooth rock — to cling to, and a perpendicular 
precipice of 500 feet below them. 

The third party started on ponies for the ascent of Pike's Peak, 
and did not return until noon of the next day. They had blankets, 
and slept out. They had to leave their horses about two miles 



129^. 

from the summit, and ascended amid broken rock and snow, often 
upon their hands and knees. One gent lost his gloves, and he 
suffered greatly from having his hands so much in the snow, and 
fears they are frozen. They all seemed very subdued when they 
returned, though so enthusiastic when they started. They said 
the trip would do for a life time. It is said that Anna Dickinson 
ascended the Peak — the first if not the only lady who has made the 
ascent. 

We have visited the " Falls of the Fountain " in Ute Pass. These 
are about fifty feet high, and rush and roar like a second Niagara, 

E. W. H. 

Her second prose article selected and which was published in 
the Presbyterian Banner, Pa., is "Abounding Grace Forbids 
Continuance in Sin." 

When I consider all that God has done for me, how can I sin 
against him ? He has been mindful of me from my earliest in- 
fancy. He gave me a pious mother ; her prayers and instructions 
were brought home to my heart by the Holy Spirit. I had a faith- 
ful Sabbath school teacher, who spoke to me at times with feeling 
about my soul. She being naturally reserved, I could see that she 
struggled to overcome her timidity for my good ; her holy ex- 
ample, as well as her efforts, was blessed to my soul. Kind 
friends sometimes urged me to secure my eternal interests and 
prayed with me ; this arrested me when I had grown careless. My 
dear pastor was faithful, not only in the pulpit, but at the Bible 
class, and in his visits ; through his instrumentality I was enabled, 
I trust, to decide to be on the Lord's side. Why was not I born 
in a heathen land where I never would have known the way to 
salvation ? Or why was I not left to myself when I resisted the 
Holy Spirit? 

After so much loving kindness and condescension in the gift of a 
Saviour, and granting me his Spirit to enable me to receive and 
rest upon him alone for Salvation, how can I sin against him ? 
Since I have had a hope through grace, I have still had great cause 
for gratitude. I have been kindly guided : " This is the way, walk 
ye in it." When ready to faint through the temptations of the 
adversary, the blessed promises have encouraged me. " He giveth 



130. 

power to the faint, and to them that have no might he increaseth 
strength." His kindness and sympathy have comforted me. "He 
remembereth that we are but dust." " He has suffered, being 
tempted that he may be able to succor those that are tempted." 
When the world has endeavored to lure me, and I feared to bring 
reproach on the cause which I had espoused, I have been strength- 
ened by the promise, " The Lord shall preserve thy going out and 
thy coming in from this time forth, even forever." When bowed 
down with affhction for the loss of those near and dear, I have 
been enabled to say: "He doeth all things well;" and have felt 
that I could be happy in God, if all things earthly were removed. 
" What a privilege is this," says the good Mr. Newton, "to possess 
God in all things while we have them, and all things in God when 
they are taken away from us." When racked by disease and pain, 
I have felt the everlasting arms underneath me, to support me, and 
so have borne my afflictions joyfully; yes, have even considered 
them blessings, compared with all that earth could give, without 
such heavenly consolation. In view of what God is as a merciful 
Saviour, filled with compassion for our infirmities ; and who, with 
the temptation, will also make a way of escape, or will enable to 
bear it ; and in remembrance of what God has done for me, and 
what He has promised for the future — to be my God forever and 
ever, to guide me by his counsel, and afterward receive me to 
glory, how, O how can I sin against Him ? 

The first piece of her poetry that I quote is one, among others 
from her pen, that Mrs. Rev. McGinnes admired and treasured up, 
and which was published in several papers, the subject of which 
was: — 

OUR AFFLICTIONS. 

"For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for 
us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory." — 2 Cor., 4:17, 

As all have sinned so all must share 

In sorrow and in pain, 
But since all we are called to bear 

Is for our endless gain, 
We'll meekly take each bitter draught, 
Believing it with blessings fraught. 



131 



Our griefs are lighter than our guilt, 
Our smiles more than our tears ; 

O'er each abyss a way is built, 
And hopes are more than fears ; 

So, though the gulf may yawn below. 

We'll upward look and onward go. 

And O how light is every grief, 

And trifling every care, 
Compared with Christ's, when for relief. 

He breathed the earnest prayer : 
" My Father, if thy will it be, 
May this dread cup now pass from me." 

It passed not, " and in agony 

More earnestly He prayed;" 
And though an angel hand was near. 

To strengthen and to aid. 
The " falling " drops of " sweat " were found 
" Great drops of bipod down to the ground." 

" But for a moment "' trials last. 

Each sorrow brings a joy; 
Visions of glory pure and bright 
Our ravished eyes employ ; 
■ And as we hail each rising beam,, 
" Grace all sufficient " is our theme. 

A "glory " which exceeds all thought, 

" A weight of glory ' ' too ; 
Not gaudy shadows earthly-wrought 

And transient as the dew — 
A substance an eternal weight, 
Reserved for our eternal state. 

If sorrow thus gives birth to joy, 

I'd not Securely rest. 
And lazily myself enjoy 

In a soft downy nest ; 
But have my God disturb my ease, 
Just how, and when, and where be please. 

And as the eagle fluttereth o'er. 

And beareth on her wings 
Her young, enticing them to soar, 

So from all earthly things 
May God allure my soul away 
To regions of unclouded day. 

Whatever ill shall me betide. 

Or what of earthly good, 
I could not if I would decide. 



132. 

And would not if I could ; 
So all my " light affliction ' here 
But fits me for a glorious sphere. 

The following piece of her published poetry has been admired 
by several persons, on : — 

THE WARP AND WOOF OF LIFE. 

Threads of silver, threads of gold, 

Stretched across the lifetime loom. 
When we're young, and when we're old, 

From the cradle to the tomb. 
All unbroken threads of love 
From our Father's hand above. 

Time the weaver fills them in. 

With some colors, ever bright, 
Yet dark stripes of woe and sin 

Mingle with the shades more light. 
But the warp doth still remain. 
Threads of gold and silver chain. 

'Mid the hues both dark and light, 

Which the varied woof reveals, 
I by faith would keep in sight 

All the warp the woof conceals — 
Threads of love across life's loom, 
From the cradle to the tomb. 

He who, with a skill divine, 

Fills the shuttle, well may know 
What to choose for me and mine. 

Through the warp what woof should go. 
I would thank Him for the gay, 
Come the somber where it may. 

And when Time his work has done, 

Weaving moments into hours, 
Days, with each revolving sun, 

Into years, with all his powers — 
I'll learn in Heaven's own perfect light, 
Wliy dark shades mingled with the bright. 

Mrs. Hughes, as already stated, had a true Missionary spirit, 
always, in behalf of both Home and Foreign Missions. She started 
a Woman's Missionary Society in the behalf of Foreign Missions, 
in the Tranquilty Church, Traer, Iowa, of which her husband was 
pastor, as her last work in that department. She was elected its 
first president, and continued as such for four years until she was 



ISS 

•compelled from her increasing ill health to resign. She gave her 
last ;^i.oo to it in payment of her regular subscription. That 
Society thus started is still kept up and is doing good work. At 
the request of the Iowa Woman's Synodical Missionary Society, 
she prepared a prose article on the text — " The Master is come and 
calleth for thee," in behalf of Foreign Missions, which was read 
with approval before their society at its tenth meeting, held in the 
first Westminster Church, Keokuk, Iowa, October 7, 1885. She 
also composed, at their request, a piece of poetry in behalf of Home 
Missions, which was read with commendation as "a beautiful home 
mission hymn " at their Eighth Annual Meeting, held in Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa, October 17, 1884, and published on page 41 in their 
Eighth Annual Report. We quote it here. She being dead thus 
still speaks, 

HOME MISSION HYMN. 



BY MRS. E. W. HUGHES. 

From Western snow-clad mountains, 

From hill and grove and plain ; 
Where leap those crystal fountains 

To reach the mighty main — 
From geyser and from canyon, 

Ravine and rocky height, 
Where Beauty's veiled in darkness, 

They call for Gospel light. 

Where earth yields forth at pleasure 

Her gold and precious stone, 
They sigh for heavenly treasure. 

The " pearl of price " unknown. 
Here error reigns in darkness 

And Satan soweth tares, 
While Christian youth and kinsmen 

Well claim our fervent prayers, 

The crushed but struggling freedman, 

In his great hour of need. 
Entreats for Bible teachers, 

That he may learn to read. 
The red man of the forest, 

Espies the dawning ray 
And waits with eager longing 

To see the perfect day. 



134 

They cry from flower-decked prairie 

With rivers bold and grand, 
" O! preach to us the Gospel, 

Redeem this promised land," 
With all thus " white to harvest " 

And wasting in the field. 
While laborers few and fainting, 

We will the sickle wield. 

Where giant tree and geyser 

Their Maker's name proclami. 
We'll raise the Gospel standard. 

And preach in Jesus' name. 
In rocky cliffs and mountains 

Where oaths and curses ring, 
The answering rocks shall echo 

God's praises while we sing. 

The Sunny South shall echo 

Our answer to the freed ; 
" We'll send the precious Gospel, 

Ye shall be free indeed." 
The Indian in his wigwam 

Shall hear the Gospel song, 
That we have taught his children, ' 

And join in it ere long. 

We'll plant the " Rose of Sharon " 

Where prairie flowers grow ; 
Where flow majestic rivers. 

Shall full salvation flow. 
'Till all of every nation. 

Who here a home have found, 
Shall spread this great salvation 

To earth's remotest bound. 

I feel like imposing upon my readers one more piece of her 
poetry that has just met my eye, although specially personal, to 
show her pious spirit and her usual method of training her dear 
children. Her husband was absent from home attending the meet- 
ing of the Synod of Philadelphia in Baltimore in October, 1855. 
Rev. Dr. David McKinney, the editor of the Presbyterian Ban- 
ner AND Advocate, and his confidential friend, was sitting in the 
pew at church just behind him when he received a letter from his 
wife containing this piece of poetry. Having read it, he, with a 
smile, passed it to the Doctor to read. He at once desired to re- 
tain and use it. To this objections were made ; but the Doctor, 



1^5. 

having secured the consent of Mrs. Hughes, published it in his 
paper November 17, 1855, -with an explanatory note in brackets — 
thus : — 

[Our importunity prevailed with the gentleman, to whom this 
pleasing epistle was addressed, to entrust it to our disposal. It 
was intended by the author for only the private eye. It is, how- 
ever, not the worse, but really the better for that.] 

TO MY DEAR, ABSENT HUSBAND. 

O, think of me at twilight, love, 

When the dews of evening fall. 
And our children's eyelids heavy grow, 

As they gather round me, all ; 

As baby my worn cheek doth press. 

And fain would slumber there. 
And darhng Ella, in undress, 

Kneels by my side in prayer; 

And WilHe begs that he may stay 

To count his numbers o'er, 
Or learn some pretty Scripture verse, 

Or hear some tale of yore. 

O, think of me at twilight, love, 

When fever burns their brow ; 
J^one but mamma, or dear papa, 

Has power to soothe them now. 

O, think of me at twilight, love, 

That hour we loved to rove, 
When hopes were bright, and cares were few, 

On the beach, or in the grove. 

Now my cheeks are wan and pale, love, 

And my brow oft knit with care ; 
O think of me at that loved hour, 

And remember me in prayer. 

For, O, an hourly task have I, 

A task of love, and joy, 
That well might fill an angel's heart, 

Or seraphs' powers employ. 

To mould, and train immortal minds, 

Is to a mother given ; 
To fit lor usefulness on earth, ^ 

And endless bliss in Heaven. 



f36> 

Join me in prayer, at' twiliglit, love, 

For the Spirit's saving grace, 
That truth on their young hearts impressed", 

Time never may erase. 

That when God makes his jewels up, 

And earthly joys are riven, 
We each may say, " Lord, here am I, 

With the children thou hast given." 

At Traer, Iowa, ^une 17, 1886, Mrs. Hughes wrote out and: 
properly executed her last Will and Testament. The preamble^ 
manifesting the soundness of her faith, runs thus : — " I, Elmira W. 
Hughes, of Traer, Tama county, Iowa, do acknowledge God as my 
Creator, Preserver, and Benefactor ; the Guide of my youth, and 
the Hope of my riper years. I acknowledge His Son, Jesus Christ,, 
as my Redeemer ; the Holy Spirit as my sanctifier, and would thus 
leave my testimony to the Triune Jehovah as faithful to his prom- 
ises, and would trust Him to be a covenant keeping God to me 
and to mine in all future generations. By his grace alone I shall 
dwell in those mansions Christ has gone to prepare. I have hope 
also of a glorious resurrection through my Redeemer, and trust 
that ' after my skin worms destroy this body yet in my flesh I shall 
see God.' " After this she disposed of all her property, real and 
personal, in minute detail, and with nice discrimination and con- 
cientious fidelity. 

Mrs. Hughes had an affectionate and confiding disposition, and 
she drew these qualities ot soul out of all others who associated or 
corresponded with her, whether relatives, friends, or strangers. 

After her death, our oldest son, William W. Hughes, Esq., (the 
only child absent from the funeral, because not reached in Dakota 
either by telegram or letter until too late), thus wrote from Ros- 
coe, D. T., October 11, 1886: "My dear Father, I received your 
addressed letter from Lou, as also her note of mother's decease, 
day before yesterday, and write the next mail. Believe me, that as 
I am as sensitive of the opinions of those I love as a sensitive 
plant is to the touch of the human hand, so equally am I suscepti- 
ble to great and small griefs ; and with my peculiarly finely strung 
nervous organization my heart is burdened with sympathy for you 
and ours in our great griefs. I have felt that mother is here with 



137, 

me alt the time now, in spirit, and sTie knows now the deep love 
that I have always borne, and bear her memory." 

My sister, Mrs. Emma M. Roberts, Meriting after hearing of her 
death, said : " You have been frequently in my thoughts of late. 
1 know you must feel a void in your life that will never again be 
filled. Sister Elmira's death filled me with deep sorrow, for memo- 
ries of my childhood are associated with her, and I loved her very 
much. 

My sister, Mrs. Harriet N, Oakley, wrote : " I feel thai she has 
always been a very consistent Christian, and a help to you in your 
work for the Lord. We deeply sympathize with you and the chil- 
dren in this your great affliction, I can more deeply feel for you 
as I have passed through the same sad trial in losing my beloved 
husband out of my sight. What a noble life was Elmira's ? Our 
loss is her gain. How thankful I am that I was permitted to see 
so much of her society while at Cape May last Winter. I felt 
when I saw her in the cars that it was the last time that I should 
ever see her dear face again in this world, she was looking so very 
feeble. We shall go to them, but they cannot come to us — a great 
home circle, where they are waiting for us. We shall know each 
other there, is such a comforting thought." 

My sister, Mrs. Amelia F. Kershaw, of Bound Brook, N. J., 
wrote me — ," I remember very well the welcome I always received 
at your house, and the many happy hours I enjoyed there with El- 
mira and the little ones. Elmira and I were like two sisters, and 
we were nearly always so congenial and so happy together, I felt 
her death very deeply when I heard she was gone." 

My brother, Rev. Jacob V. Hughes, Shawano, Wisconsin, wrote 
me — " We received last night the sad news of Sister Elmira's death. 
Both Lizziie and I join in sincere sympathy to you and all your dear 
family. No loss more keenly felt than that of a wife and mother. 
Yet I feel that we all have so much to comfort us in her death. 
Truly our loss is her gain. She has only gone a little before, and 
has rejoined the many loved ones there." 

My nephew, Mr. Reuben Foster, Baltimore, Md., wrote — "Your 
letter received and noted with interest, giving me the account of 
Aunt Elmira's illness and death. It was a great comfort for you 
all to be together during her last hours, which is not probable 



138. 

could have been the case had you not returned to your home in 
Iowa. Aunt Elmira was always very kind, and seemed near to me 
since my being with you those three years in the West. She ever 
exerted an influence lor good over those around her. And hers 
was indeed a true Christian character — no one could know her 
without being fully impressed with it." 

Mrs. Mary W. Johnston, St. Paul, Minn., formerly of Traer, 
Iowa, writing to our daughter, Mrs. Louisa E. Kinney, after her 
mother's death, says : — " We have just learned of your mother's 
death, and extend to you our heartfelt sympathy in the great loss 
you have sustained. But of her it may truly be said, she was 
ready when the Master called, and 'to die is gain,' to such a pa- 
tient, loving disciple. Am glad it was my privilege to have made 
her acquaintance. Her cheerful sunny nature, knowing how much 
she suffered physically without complaining, taught me many a 
lesson. I always enjoyed my calls, and came away feeling your 
mother's influence for good was great. We had several interesting 
talks I will always rememember with pleasure and profit." 

Miss Idalia G. Daniels (who herself died in California March, 
1 891), daughter of a Baptist clergyman, Shellsburg, Iowa, writing 
in 1886 to our same daughter, said : — " Though you spoke of your 
mother's illness it was a great shock to us to learn through the 
Observer of her death. Her beautiful soul always seemed ripe 
for another world, and yet, as mama said, ' How dreadful it seems 
to lay that delicate body away which has been cared for so long, 
and so tenderly.' I shall never forget the impression her character 
made upon me, and through the ministry of suffering her mission 
was a beautiful one, and most beautifully fulfilled. I hope you 
will accept our truest sympathy for yourself and father." 

Mrs, Louisa Prichard, Tacoma, Washington Territory (formerly 
a young companion of our daughters, and who joined with them 
the Presbyterian Church at Des Moines, Iowa, under my pastoral 
labors there), writing to me says : — " My dear Friend, I hope I am 
not intruding, but I feel so much for you in your deep sorrow, and 
wish to express my sympathy, in which my husband joins with me. 
Mrs. Hughes was a dear friend to me, and I felt for her an affec- 
tion next to my dear sainted mother. Both are at rest ; both suf- 
fered long in body, but were so patient, great is now their reward. 



139. 

My tears mingle with yours and the children, They will miss their 
dear mother, and her wise counsel, more and more as the years go 
by." 

Hon. William H. Leas, Des Moines, Iowa (uncle of the above 
Mrs. Prichard), writing to me in reference to the decease of his own 
wife and mine, says : " Mrs. Leas said to a friend just before going 
to Chicago, who urged her to write and let her .know the success 
of the operation, ' I will, but if you do not get a letter from me, 
you may know that I am asleep in Jesus.' Mrs. Hughes likewise 
is asleep in Christ. How blessed it is to be in that heavenly frame 
of mind just before passing through the valley and shadow." 

Miss Ellen W. Hamilton, St. Paul, Minn., (whose parents and 
family were our intimate friends, and at the funeral of whose 
mother I officiated at Vinton, Iowa), wrote me thus : — " My dear 
Friend. It has been impossible for me to send you one line to ex- 
press my sympathy until this time. Let me now assure you how 
deeply I feel for you in your sorrow. Many times I wished I could 
also be near to dear Mrs. Hughes. I know she had every care 
and attention — but had I been nearer you should have deemed it 
my place and privilege to have been the one to have waited upon 
heri' I shall cherish through life her example of suffering, unsel- 
fishness and patience — and I hope her example may stimulate me 
to greater diligence and faithfulness. She was a rarely gifted 
woman, and I was always proud to feel I could call her my friend." 

Rev. Allen H. Brown, Camden, N. J., (a classmate at Princeton 
Theological Seminary), wrote me : — " Dear Brother Hughes, you 
have indeed experienced a great loss., Is it not your wife's gain? 
See John 1 7 : 24, ' Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast 
given me, be with me where I am ; that .they may behold my glory, 
which thou hast given me.' I cut out of the paper the notice of 
your excellent wife ; after reading carefully, notwithstanding the 
small type." 

Rev. William C. Cattell, D. D., Philadelphia, Pa., (whose heart 
is one of tenderness and sympathy), wrote me thus : — ' My dear 
Brother, I was much touched by the reference to your great sor- 
row in the death of your wife. May our Lord comfort and sup- 
port you." 

Rev. Joseph T. Smith, D. D., Baltimore, Md., (a companion and 



140. 

classmate at Jefferson College, Pa,, of my uncle, Hon. George M. 
Eldredge), wrote me : — " Dear Brother Hughes, to have lost the 
wife of your youth, the companion of so many years, and such a 
wife, is the greatest sorrow you can know. You have drank the 
bitterest cup of earthly sorrow. How sweet the thought that as 
earth grows darker, heaven is always growing brighter and coming 
nearer." 

On Tuesday, September 28, 1886, the Presbytery of Cedar 
Rapids was to meet at Vinton, Iowa, twenty-four miles east of 
Traer, on the same railroad. As I had formerly been a member of 
that Presbytery, had also lived six years very pleasantly in Vinton, 
and had two married daughters living there, I was desirous, if pos- 
sible, of being present a part of the time, at least, with this Presby- 
tery. So with my wife's consent, leaving her in careful hands, and 
with the positive direction that if any unfavorable change occurred 
in her case they should telegraph me immediately, I started for 
Presbytery. But that very night she took seriously worse. I re- 
ceived a telegram early the next morning to return by the 1 1 A. 
M. train. I mentioned this fact to the Presbytery, as the ground 
of my leaving, when, unexpectedly, the Moderator called on one 
of the brethren to lead in prayer for me and for my sick and d}ing 
wife, which greatly touched and comforted mv sad heart. From 
that time she daily grew weaker. 

The Presbytery of Waterloo, of which I was a member, met at 
Tama City, Iowa, on October 5, 1886. Mrs. Hughes died on that 
day. I wrote them immediately the cause of my absence, and sent 
it by a special messenger. Shortly afterwards I received the fol- 
lowing melting and comforting letter: — 

Tama City, Iowa, October 6, 1886. 

Rev. D. L. Hughes — Rev. and Dear Brother: The Presbytery 
of Waterloo, in session in Tama City, have this day listened with 
tender interest to your letter touching the death of your dear de- 
voted companion ; the wife of your youth, your counsellor and 
helper in all your arduous labors as a minister and a missionary 
for so many years. 

The Brethren desire to assure you of their sincere love and ten- 
derest sympathy for you in this the sorest hour of earthly bereave- 



141. 

ment — when the loved one, who has been the solace and the joy 
of your heart and hand for so many years, is translated from the 
toils and sorrows of the church militant to the blessedness and wel- 
come rest of the church triumphant. " Blessed are the dead which 
die in the Lord." And, " Precious in the sight of the Lord is the 
death of his saints," Of this blessedness and preciousness in the 
case of our beloved sister there can be no doubt. In her triumph 
and her victory and her heavenly crown we all rejoice, while we 
sorrow for your loss. What is our loss is her everlasting gain. 

It will not be long, dear Brother, till our Divine Master will call 
you to " come up higher." You now have new ties in that 
Heavenly land whither we all are tending, and whence ere long will 
come to you the welcome plaudit, " Well done good and faithful 
servant, enter thou into the joy of thy Lord." In conclusion, dear 
Brother, assuring you of our continued love, and sympathy with 
you in this hour of your sorrow, we remain sincerely and truly 
yours in the Lord, 

Charles M. Howe, Moderator. 

HER HOME. 
The home of Mrs. E. W. Hughes at Traer, Iowa, is illustrated 
on the opposite page. It was sketched by the artist early one 
bright morning after breakfast, when Mr. and Mrs. Hughes were 
hastily summoned in their morning costume from the garden and 
the flower bed to appear in front to be photographed, with a young 
lady teacher on her way to school, in " bold relief." In this com- 
fortable home Mrs. Hughes died, and went from it to her "Father's 
House " above.. 



143. 

THE CHILDREN 

of Rev. Daniel L. and Elmira W. Hughes were eight — four sons 
and four daughters — viz : — Daniel Lawrence, Ella Thomas, William 
Williams, Elmira Florence, George Washington, Anna Lyon, 
James Lawrence, and Louisa Edmunds. Of these, two sons and 
one daughter are dead. 

1. Daniel Lawrence Hughes was born at Little Valley, Mifflin 
County, Pa., March 30, 1846; and died at Cape Island, New Jer- 
sey, August 5, 1846, aged four months and six days. He was a 
patient sufferer for two weeks, and is not dead but sleepeth — not 
lost but gone before. He was buried on the Williamson's lot in 
the Cold Sprmg Cemetery. 

2. Ella Thomas Hughes was born at Lewistown, Pa., December 
19, 1847, 2od died at Pine Grove Mills, Centre County, Pa., July 
13, 1848, aged six months and twenty^-four days. A child of re- 
markable beauty, intelligence, and promise, she is mourned as one 
lost, but saved. She was sick but one week, and is buried in the 
graveyard of the first Spruce ("reek, Presbyterian Church, Pa. 

3. William Williams Hughes, Esq., the third and the oldest 
living child of Rev. Daniel L. and Elmira W. Hughes, was born 
at Cape Island, Cape May County, N. J., August 17, 1849. In his 
early years he was, from exposure, troubled a good deal with 
asthma, which has clung to him, more or less, all his days. It in- 
terrupted often his continuous studies ; but his education was 
carried on by his parents, in the common schools, at the High 
Schools of Logansport, Indiana, and Tipton, Iowa, at Lenox Col- 
lege, Iowa, and at the Law University at Iowa City, Iowa. To 
all this he added much advancement by his own independent and 
energetic efforts. Having completed his full course in the Law 
Department at Iowa City, he was admitted to the Bar; and has 
been a practicing lawyer ever since in Iowa and Dakota, until last 
year when he entered the Government employ at Washington, 
D. C, as one of the clerks in the Civil Service Reform, and seems 
well satisfied with his position. I quote here, as appropriate and 
instructive, an extract from one of his published letters to the 
Free Press, Manning, Iowa, where at one time he resided and 
practiced his profession : — 



143. 

Washington, D. C, July 19, 1890. 

Mr. Editor: — I arrived here the evening of the 7th inst,, and 
am in the employ of the Government. I fill my desk from 6 P. M. 
to 12 P. M. Arise at 8 A. M. and thus have all day to myself, to 
enjoy the advantages of the public libraries, and to visit the 
museums, botanical garden, conservatories, Smithsonian Institute, 
fish commission buildings, art gallery, monument, and the various 
executive, legislative, and departmental buildings, and grounds. 

This beautiful city is a veritable paradise. The streets, 150 feet 
wide, are paved with asphalt, a kind of cement. Each sidewalk is 
25 feet wide, and of smooth, white stone, and lined with larg;e hard 
maple and other fine trees. From the Capitol, which is in the 
centre of the city, running west to the Potomac River, some two 
and a half miles, is ? continuous park, filled with elegant and 
massive buildings, containing a vast aggregation of contributions 
from all parts of the world, covering natural history, chemistry 
geology, botany, and, in fact, all the arts and sciences, besides 
relics of men and things historical in our country's annals, as 
insignia of the progress we have made as a nation in both the 
more useful, as well as, artistic ways. This contains lofty and 
splendid forest trees, nearly three feet in diameter, beautiful shrub- 
bery, lawns, and a profusion of ornamental plants and flowers — all 
interspersed with winding walks and drives, presenting its beauties 
to best advantage. In the balmy summer air, here, growing out 
doors is also found all the luxuriant vegetation of the tropics, and 
the bird twitter and nest in the trees and baths in some of the 
many fountains ; and all nature seems joyous, and its natural 
beauties enhanced by the art of man. And all these enjoyments 
are free to the public." 

I have always felt that my cup of earthly happiness would have 
been full if my two living sons had been called of God to the gos- 
pel ministry, and they had entered it and preached to a dying 
world, from the heart and in the powerful demonstration of the 
Holy Ghost, Jesus Christ and Him crucified as the Saviour of the 
world and the hope of glory. I desired it and prayed for it. They 
both were naturally gifted speakers in voice, manner, energy, and 
effectiveness. But neither of them seemed inclined to the ministry 
and God seemed to have ordered otherwise. 



144. 

William W. preferred the law as his profession, and to this with 
*' a determined will " he bent all his energies until he succeeded. 
He was an excellent penman. Twice he took the prize offered for 
the best penmanship by his teacher in this department. He was 
a good school teacher, as he frequently taught school to help him 
forward in his own studies, receiving at his examination for this 
work the grade of 98 3-7 out of 100. And last year he took at 
Washington, I am told, the highest grade in the copyist examina- 
tion for a clerkship. He used to be also a skilful and accurate 
marksman, holding his own with the best. He is as yet unmar- 
ried ; but he has, along with some peculiarities, a very tender 
heart, and loves his friends dearly. 

The three living daughters of Rev. Daniel L. and Elmira W. 
Hughes were as fair, as loving, and as well beloved, as were those 
of Job. They were all what any parent could wish in heart, speech, 
and behavior. 

4. Elmira Florence Hughes, the oldest of these daughters, was 
born at Cape Island, Cape May County, N. J., July 23, 185 1. She 
was educated in the common school at Pacific City, Iowa, in a select 
school at Des Moines, Iowa — in the High School at Tipton, Iowa, 
and at the Mountain Seminary, Birmingham, Pa. and the Belle- 
fonte Academy, Pa., under her uncle, Rev. J. P. Hughes. She 
united with the Presbyterian Church at Des Moines, Iowa, in her 
thirteenth year, and was always conscientious, careful, diligent, 
obedient, and loving. She always studied her parents' best inter- 
ests ; was always interested in children and adapted her instruc- 
tions to them ; was a faithful Sabbath School teacher — a good 
judge and critic of sermons, public addresses, and religious and lit- 
erary efforts — and always a good housekeeper. Yet she always 
seemed to have a low estimate of herself, and desired but little 
publicity. But the truth must be told and facts stated. Before 
her marriage, there was no young lady, it was said, in Viniton, 
Iowa, where her father's family resided, who was considered more 
beautiful and attractive than she was ; and she received the atten= 
tions and the hand of one of the best young gentleftien of the city. 
The published record is: — "On April 29, 1874, in the Presbyte- 
rian Church at Vinton, Iowa, by Rev. D. L. Hughes, assisted by 
Rev. S. Phelps, was married George Taylor Rock to Ella Florence 



145. 

Hughes, daughter of the officiating clergyman." Ten years after 
this date The Vinton Eagle published the following : — " Tuesday, 
being the tenth marriage anniversary of Tay Rock and wife, quite a 
number of the family gathered at the house and tendered their con- 
gratulations, and left many tokens of their love. Seven children 
have blessed this union, six of whom are living, and a sweeter, 
brighter family cannot be found in the city; in business matters the 
young couple have also been very successful in accumulating a 
goodly supply of this world's goods. The Eagle extends its con- 
gratulations and hopes the succeeding ten years will be fully as 
happy and prosperous ones." Mrs. Rock's aunt from Chicago, 111., 
Mrs. Mary B. Fletcher, lately visited her, and she thus wrote me 
under date of January 30, 1891: — "I think Ella has a beautiful 
family of boys and girls. I think her a wonderful woman, so frail, 
and yet accomplishing so much.'* 

In writing to my daughter for some of the records of their family 
for this " Ancestral History," she replied : — " Are you going to 
have it published ? It seems so much trouble for you, as we are 
not a family of national repute. All we care for is to know we came 
of a good family. I believe 'blood always tells.'" But I say it is 
wise to preserve well family acquaintanceships and relationships, 
that are worthy, however humble ; and a godly ancestry, next 
to personal worth, is the highest distinction. She adds : — '* Well 
I never could write a book. I can scarcely write a letter." But 
she is a good letter writer, writing often and promptly ; and writing 
facts, full particulars, and to the point. George Taylor Rock, her 
husband, the son of Augustus H. and Eliza Rock, was born at Ce- 
dar Rapids, Iowa, May 12, 185 1. His father was a successful 
merchant in the hardware, stove, and tin business in Vinton, Iowa, 
but died of consumption at a comparatively early age, being only 
thirty-nine years old when he died. His mother is a most estimable 
woman, one of the best and most highly appreciated to be found 
anywhere. She has sincere piety, good judgment, christian hos- 
pitality, and persevering industry ; and is ready, in the church or 
out of it, to every good word and work. Three children were born 
to these parents — George Taylor, Susan Cornelia, and Augustus 
Herman. The latter married, but died shortly after with consump- 
tion. Susan, a refined young lady, married N. D. Pope, a druggist 



146. 

at Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and they have one daughter, named Eliza- 
beth Ives Pope. Sometime after her husband's death Mrs. Rock 
married Mr. George Horridge, who continued the hardware busi- 
ness of her first husband. He has been a prudent, energetic, and 
successful business man ; and with his varied and safe investments 
has become wealthy. He has also been for many years an active 
and acceptable ruling elder in the Presbyterian Church at Vinton. 
He is noted for his quiet consistency, unostentations liberality and 
general popularity. He and his family, with other Vintonians, are 
now nicely homed every winter in the beautiful city of Lake Charles, 
the rapidly growing county seat of Calcasieu parish, in South West- 
<irn Louisiana, and in a delightful climate. 

G. Taylor Rock, after attending the ordinary schools at his own 
home in Vinton, received the most of his education at the Univer- 
sity in Iowa City, Iowa. He united with the Presbyterian Church 
at Vinton in his i8th year, and was for some time one of its 
Deacons, as also one of its leading choristers. He is a good finan- 
cier, and is considered an extra smart business man. 

The hardware, stove and tinware business was established in 
Vinton in 1855 by Rock Bros, (father and uncle ot G. T. Rock), 
It is one of the oldest houses in the State. The following changes 
occurred in order : Rock & Horridge ; Horridge & Rock ; George 
Horridge ; George Horridge & Co.; Horridge & Rock ; and G. T. 
Rock. 

The children of G. Taylor and Elmira F. Rock are eight — six 
sons and two daughters, as follows : 

1. Herman Williams Rock was born at Vinton, Iowa, March 3, 
1875. He has grown to be a diligent and successful student, a 
pious and active christian, and will graduate at the High School in 
Vinton this Spring. The subject given him for his public address 
on the occasion is, "A hundred years hence." 

2. Taylor Lawrence Rock was born at Vinton, Iowa, February 
27, 1876. He makes a beautiful picture — is fond of both play and 
study — is smart and active — and if he will carefully and prayer- 
fully cultivate the character and spirit of the Lawrences, after 
whom he was named, he will make a useful and happy man. 

3. George Horridge Rock was born at Vinton, Iowa, July 29, 
1877. ^^ ^s a reliable boy — obedient and helpful to his parents — 



147. 

diligent in his studies — and solid as a " rock " in his good princi- 
ples. But he says, '' Don't put me in any book." 

4. Clinton Harrington Rock was born at Vinton, Iowa, Nov- 
ember 2, 1878; and died July 29, 1879, aged eight months and 
twenty-seven days. He was buried in the beautiful cemetery at 
Vinton. 

5. Elizabeth Taylor Rock was born at Vinton, Iowa, December 
25, 1880. She is a very graceful little lady, discreet in her be- 
havior, progressive in her studies both at the day school and at the 
Sabbath school, and will no doubt prove a comfort to her parents, 
an ornament to society, and a blessing to the church and world. 

6. Harold Hughes Rock was born at Vinton, Iowa, February 
II, 1882. He is one of the smartest of the family. He is a 
romper, and yet he is full of business. " He would rather skate 
than eat." He can stir around cheerful as a honey bee, and drive 
a good bargain equal to the next boy ; and yet growing, I trust, 
every day both wiser and better, remembering what the Holy Bible 
says : " The fear of the Lord that is wisdom, and to depart from 
evil is understanding." 

7. Raymond Rock was born at Vinton, Iowa, February, 7, 
1884. What shall I say of him? I ask, "What shall the harvest 
be ?" With those dark and piercing eyes, and with that fine fore- 
head of large causality and comparison, and with a body of natural 
vigor under them, what is to hinder him from becoming in due 
time, by the grace of God and the proper cultivation of all his 
talents, a successful Minister of the gospel, or a prominent Pro- 
fessor in some College, or even its President with not only a D.D. 
but also an LL.D. ornamenting his original signature. " So mote 
it be." 

8. Hazel Elmira Rock was born at Vinton, Iowa, February 13, 
1886. And is not the last the best ? She carries the " souvenir " 
of both her mother and grandmother in the precious name of 
"Elmira." Hazel Elmira is the youngest of all these " bright " 
children ; she is plump, sweet, and lively. But, under suitable 
parental and Divine training, she gives large promise of an ener- 
getic and useful life. 

This whole family — parents and children — are a family of 
singers. They can carry all the parts of music among themselves 



148. 

at the same time. It is delightful and soul -inspiring to listen to all 
their voices together, from the youngest to the oldest, praising God 
from whom all blessings tiow, as also in cheering one another in 
many sweet musical strains. 

5. George Washington Hughes, the fifth child and second liv- 
ing son of Rev. Daniel L. and Elmira W. Hughes, was born in the 
parsonage at Spruce Creek, Huntingdon County, Pa., February 22, 
1854. He was born on the same day of the month that George 
Washington, the Father of his country, was born ; and as soon as 
I was introduced to him I called him George Washington, and he 
has borne that name ever since. He spent the most of his boy- 
hood in attending the Common and High Schools at Pacific City, 
Des Moines, and Tipton, Iowa. He also spent a year or more 
with his uncle, Rev. James P. Hughes, at the Bellefonte Academy, 
Pa.; and was afterwards a student for two terms at Washington 
and Jefferson College, Pa. But ill health hindered the farther 
prosecution of his studies. This has caused him much trouble, 
and has interfered with the successful prosecution of his plans both 
in study and business. But he was always courteous, affectionate, 
and confiding; strictly conscientious in doing what he thought to 
be duty, while he has displayed in several inventions a good de- 
gree of inventive genius. He was naturally a fine elocutionist, 
and if his health had been firm he might have been a successful 
public speaker, as the occasional public readings and addresses that 
he gave bore ample testimony. But his feeble health required his 
retirement from professional life, and he has engaged, as he was 
able, as an agent in some active and useful out-door employment. 
He married Mrs. Elizabeth Wilson — the widow of a Senator — with 
two pleasant daughters, and some valuable property. She is an 
agreeable and truly helpful companion. They have several child- 
ren, and live in Iowa. 

6. Anna Lyon Hughes, the sixth child, and second living daugh- 
ter of Rev. Daniel L, and Elmira W. Hughes, was born at Spruce 
Creek, Huntingdon County, Pa., November 26, 1855. She united 
with the Presbyterian Church at Des Moines, Iowa, of which her 
father was the pastor, when she was only ten years old. She had 
the opportunity of attending good schools in her early years. At 
the age of fifteen she taught her first school in summer in Black- 



149. 

Iiawk County, Iowa ; and was offered the same school for the win- 
ter term. But instead of teaching she preferred going forward in 
her own studies. So she was sent to the Mountain Seminary at 
Birmingham, Huntingdon County, Pa., where she graduated at the 
age of seventeen. A short time after she returned home she >vent 
to the Western Female Seminary at Oxford, Ohio, to prepare her- 
self specially to enter one of the higher classes of either Vassar or 
Wellesley College, Mass.; but after her first term, and while spend- 
ing her vacation with one of her intimate companions, near there, 
she was taken dangerously ill. Her parents then decided that as 
her health did not seem equal to it, her plan for a collegiate course 
had best be abandoned. After returning from Oxford to her home, 
at that time in Vinton, Iowa, she taught several terms of private 
school. She was a perfect lady in her spirit and manner, and dis- 
creet in her behavior, which, with her varied accomplishments, 
attracted the attention, and secured the confidence and affection of 
one of the best educated and most excellent christian young men 
in Vinton. He extended to her the offer of marriage ; it was ac- 
cepted, and we read: — "On August 24, 1876, at Vinton, Iowa, by 
Rev. D. L. Hughes, was married Clinton O. Harrington to Anna 
L. Hughes, daughter of the officiating clergyman — all of Vinton 
Iowa." Her general health, as was her mother's, is frail ; but "she 
looketh well to the ways of her household, and eateth not the bread 
of idleness." She is strictly conscientious in the improvement of 
her time, and, if she can find a few extra hours for it, she is fond of 
writing for the press some pieces of poetry, or some useful stories 
for " the little ones," by which they may be both interested and 
profited The ladies of the Presbyterian Church at Vinton, had a 
*' social " one evening to help forward their benevolent work ; and, 
to increase attendance and interest, they invited all, who were will- 
ing, to bring the oldest and best relics they had for exhibition. I 
record here the following, taken from The Vinton Eagle : — '• Mrs. 
Harrington and her sister, Mrs. Taylor RocH, had several ancestral 
relics which one might be pardoned for coveting. Among them 
was a large solid silver ladle, quaint solid silver tea set, beautiful 
individual creamer, mustard cup, egg cup, wine bottle gilded. All 
these were very old." 

Clinton Orville Harrington, Esq., the son of Fordus Harrington 



ISC . 

and Angeline Chapman Harrington, was born in Chenango County, 
New York, October 14, 1843. His mother died at Pequa, Ohio, 
when he was three years old. His father died several years ago, 
at his son's own home in Vinton, Iowa, while on a visit to him. 
Clinton Orville was educated in the public schools of Ohio and In- 
diana, and at the Iowa State University at Iowa City. He grad- 
uated at this University in the class of 1870, taking the degree of 
Batchelor of Philosophy. After his graduation he taught in the 
Iowa College for the Blind, at Vinton, Iowa, for about one and a 
half years, beginning with August, 1870. He united with the M» 
E. Church in the Summer of 1859, in his sixteenth year, when 
living in Iowa County, Iowa, and he has continued a member of 
that church ever since. He is, at present, a trustee of the Vinton 
M. E. Church, having held this position for the past sixteen years. 
He was also for a number of years the superintendent of its Sab- 
bath school, and a teacher in- the same. In 1880 he was elected a 
trustee of the Iowa College for the Blind for four years, by the Iowa 
State Legislature; and he has been twice re-elected to the said 
position. He served three terms, of two years each, as President 
of the Board of Trustees ; and he is now serving his first term of 
two years as Treasurer of the College. During all of his time as 
trustee he served on the committee of schools and teachers. Mr. 
Harrington enlisted in the Civil War as a volunteer soldier October 
19, 1861, and served in Company E, Fourth Regiment Iowa Vol- 
unteer Cavalry. He served until the close of the war, and was 
mustered out at Davenport, Iowa, August 25, 1865. 

He resigned his position in the Iowa College for the Blind in 
1872 for the purpose of preparing himself by actual business expe- 
rience for engaging in the business of banking. He spent about 
nine months in Utah, Salt Lake — the most of this time in charge 
of a commission and forwarding house. And he spent three or 
four months in the First National Bank of Dubuque, Iowa, In 
August, 1873, with others, he organized the Farmers Loan and 
Trust Company, located at Vinton, Iowa, and was elected Secretary 
of said company, which position he has held continuously until the 
present time. He has held, and also still holds, other offices of 
trust and responsibility. As a husband, Mr. Harrington is kind, 
liberal, loving, and faithful — anticipating every want of his beloved 



151. 

wife, and helping her in every time of need — even going beyond 
her desires and expectations. He is one of the few men who 
seems to think more of his wife than of himself; at least he heeds 
the direction of the Apostle, to "so love his wife even as himself." 
Nor does the idea of spoiling her thereby cause him an anxious 
thought. They are one in affection, in purpose, in effort, and in 
reward. 

C. Orville Harrington, Esq., and Anna Lyon Harrington, his 
wife, have had one child, a son, named Clinton Oakley Harrington, 
He was born in Vinton, Iowa, June 7, 1881, and is therefore now 
about ten years of age. He was a delicate child, but has grown 
stronger as he has grown older. He has been nicely homed, and 
well trained under both his father's and mother's care, especially 
that of the latter. He has made equal or greater advancement in 
his studies than other boys of his age, although he has gone but 
little to any public school. He is gentle in his manners, kind in 
his disposition, conscientious in his character, and loving and 
obedient to his parents. If spared, and his health should prove 
firm, he has a life of goodness and usefulness before him. 

7. James Lawrence Hughes, the seventh child of Rev. Daniel 
L. and Elmira W. Hughes, was born at Pacific City, Mills County, 
Iowa, May 18, 1859, and died there August 15, 1859, aged two 
months and 28 days From his birth he was consecrated to God, 
to be if spared and called, a minister of the gospel ; but he was 
early called to minister in the Upper Sanctuary. His remains 
were first interred on "The Bluffs" overlooking Pacific City ; but 
were afterwards removed and buried in the old cemetery at Des 
Moines, Iowa, where they still lie marked by a suitable tombstone. 

8. Louisa Edmunds Hughes, the eighth and last child, and the 
youngest daughter of Rev, Daniel L. and Elmira W. Hughes, was 
born at Pacific City, Mills County, Iowa, February 2, 1861, Like 
all the other children, she was early dedicated to God in the ordin- 
ance of baptism. 

When about eight years of age her mother and she started from 
Iowa on a trip to Cape May, New Jersey. In passing through 
Ohio, on the Chicago, Fort Wayne and Pittsburg R. R. one even- 
ing, when the train stopped at one of its regular stations, her 
mother left her for a few moments in charge of her things while 



153. 

she stepped off to purchase a few eatables at the restaurant. She 
noticed carefully where she got off so that she might get on again 
at the precise spot. But while she was making her purchases that 
train was switched off, and another train took its place. She soon 
came out of the hotel and got on her train (as she supposed) just 
where she stepped off. The train started immediately, but she 
could find neither her seat nor her child ; and after going through 
all the cars and was disappointed, she spoke to the conductor, who 
asked her where she was going, and when she answered to Pitts- 
burg, he replied that she was on the wrong train, as that train was 
going West, and in getting off at the next station she could not go 
East until the next morning. Mrs. Hughes at once felt that she 
was in a sad plight, which can be more easily imagined than de- 
scribed. So soon as she alighted off the train in the darkness of 
the night, she sent a telegram to Wooster, Ohio, to have the con- 
ductor of the incoming train put off her little daughter at that 
station, 66 miles distant, and have her cared for until she herself 
should reach her the next morning; and requested an immediate 
reply upon her daughter's arrival. She went to a hotel, and there 
passed several hours in deep anxie<y, receiving no telegram until 
Oiear midnight. In the meantime little Lou, so soon as she found 
her tram had started and left her dear mother behind, was bathed 
in a shower of honest tears. The ladies near her, however, tried to 
comfort her, and she soon fell asleep. When called to get off at 
Wooster, and the reason for it given, although so young, she im- 
mediately gathered up all her own things and all her mother's — not 
even forgetting a silver cup that her mother had loaned one of the 
ladies to get a drink in for her babe — and took all with her to a 
hotel, where she remained until her mother joined her the next 
morning. I need not say, it was a joyful meeting. This favoring 
providence, under such a trial, has been a source, not only of tears, 
but of gratitude and joy to all of us, ever since. The Bible says, 
" God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. 
Ps. 46:1. "The Angel of the Lord encampeth round about them 
that fear Him, and delivereth them." Ps. 34:7. 

In regard to her education Louisa E. attended especially the 
public school at Vinton, Iowa, until the fall of 1874, when she en - 
tered the Tilford Academy at that place. Here she prosecuted 



153. 

her studies until the summer of 1877. During that summer she 
also attended the Benton County Normal Institute, held at Vinton. 
The year before, (1876) when in her i6th year, she united with 
the Presbyterian Church in Vinton. In October, 1877, she went to 
Oxford, Ohio, and entered the Western Female Seminary, under 
the care of Miss Peabody, where she remained until the following 
June, 1878 — the close of the school year. She returned to Vinton, 
Iowa, and as her mother was absent at Cape May, N. J., she spent 
the summer with her sister, Mrs. Anna L. Harrington. In the fall 
of 1878 she went with the family on to her father's farm in Black- 
hawk County, Iowa, and taught the public school in that District 
for the winter. As in her previous education at Oxford Seminary 
she had taken a course of lessons on Book-keeping, so she has 
always been able to attend well to her own business matters, as 
also greatly to aid her husband and the church in theirs. She cal- 
culates readily and accurately, spells correctly, and is a good 
writer. While at the Seminary she studied Elocution, also, under 
an experienced teacher. She afterwards felt disposed, with her 
parents' consent, to give some Public Readings. Accordingly on 
December 3, 1878, she gave her first Reading in the Presbyterian 
Church, Dysart, Tama County, Iowa, where her father regularly 
preached. How she succeeded in that first attempt may be 
learned from the following two testimonials. Hon. Joseph Dysart, 
ex- Lieutenant Governor of Iowa, says : " In all such performances 
the essential requisites are a full and well regulated voice, graceful 
action, and the ability to impersonate character. That Miss 
Hughes is well endowed by nature in these respects was evident 
to all her hearers who have listened to men and women, who have 
won a fame on the rostrum in this and other countries." The 
Dysart Reporter said : " Miss Hughes made favorable impres- 
sion upon the listeners who seemed to be well pleased with the 
excellence of her performance. Her selections were good, and the 
manner in which they were rendered showed study and careful 
cultivation. She is likely to become a Highly^ accomplished elocu- 
tionist and widely known." 

In the Fall of 1879 ^^^ was engaged again to teach the school 
she had taught the winter before, but resigned before the time ar- 
rived in order to assist her mother in her domestic arrangements, 



154. 

and this she did until her parents moved to Traer, Tama County, 
Iowa, in March, 1881, that her father might be nearer the churches 
which he regularly served, and that he might give himself wholly 
to the ministry. During the following Summer and Fall she 
taught the Peter Wilson School, near Traer, for a term of three 
months. 

From 1 881-1883, she gave numerous public readings, where she 
and her parents were known, and in the bounds of the Presby- 
teries where her father had preached and with which he had been 
connected ; but never went abroad among strangers — and wherever 
she went her efforts were approved. She often read, and always 
with acceptance, at Traer, where she resided. A few testimonials 
out of many will here be given of some of her readings. Rev. C. 
H. Bissell, pastor of the Congregational Church, Traer, Iowa, said: 
" We were well pleased with Miss Hughes' Readings at our 
church. Her easy grace upon the stage, the clearness of her 
enunciation, rendering each syllable distinct to every ear, and her 
ready appreciation of the sentiment of the pieces rendered, were 
noticeable excellences." The Traer Clipper said: "Miss 
Hughes had a select audience at the Congregational Church on 
Tuesday evening who went away delighted." On another occa- 
sion, when she gave a recitation before the Old Settlers' meeting 
at Traer, this paper said : " Mrs. L. W. Kinney recited Will 
Carlton's ' First Settler's Story.' It was one of the best things of 
the day. Mrs. Kinney never fails to intensely interest an audi- 
ence in her characteristic readings ; and in this case has the deep- 
est appreciation of the audience and their thanks for the favor." 
Hon. James Wilson wrote of her effort at the Tranquility Presby- 
terian Church, of which her father was pastor, thus : " Miss 
Hughes read at our church last Saturday evening and very pleas- 
antly surprised us. She reads naturally without affectation or 
stiffness, and is really far ahead of many whom advertising has 
made famous." Rev. J. W. Hanna, pastor Presbyterian Church, 
Grundy Center, said : " Miss Lou Hughes' readings in Grundy 
Center gave general satisfaction. Our best critics were delighted. 
Her manner was perfectly natural, and she gave exhibition of real 
talent." Judge G. M. Gilchrist, of Vinton, said: " I can but con- 
gratulate Miss Hughes on the success, with which she read re- 



155. 

cently, in the Presbyterian Church of this place. Knowing she 
was so young and inexperienced on the rostrum, I was most pleas- 
antly disappointed by the excellence ol her reading." I will quote 
but one more. Rev. Stephen Phelps, D.D., President of Coe Col- 
lege, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, wrote : " I listened with great pleasure 
to the select readings by Miss L. E. Hughes. Her pieces were 
difficult, and such as quite thoroughly to test her skill. Her 
rendering of them was simple, graceful, and natural. She is re- 
markably free from affectation of manner, from which the elocu- 
tionist seldom escapes. Her taste and talent in elocution are rare." 

Since her marriage, and residence at Lake Charles, Louisiana, 
she has frequently interested the audiences there by her recitations, 
and shared also in their high encomiums. 

Louisa E. shared much of her mother's poetic talent. I can give 
but three specimens. The first was published in the Presbyterian 
Banner, February 2, 1 881, on her 20th birthday, and is as follows : 

POST ANNOS VIGINTL 

Two long decades my feet have trod • 

The Path of Life, o'er flower-decked sod 

Of happy vales where perfumes rare 

Blended with bird-songs, till the air 

Enchanted seemed; and all the way 

Was fraught with joy and pleasures gay, 

Or, through the shaded realms of woe. 
Where sad-faced Grief walks to and fro ; 
Where daisied mounds, so mournful, tell 
Of buried treasures, loved so well ; 
While plaintive tones from Sorrow's lyre 
Breathe dirges o'er Love's funeral pyre. 

Since now have flown these twenty years 
Of joys and sorrows, smiles and tears. 
My thoughts go tripping lightly back 
Along the lately traveled track — 
With Memory leading them — to view 
The verdant vales my feet passed through. 

At Memory's touch each long-closed door 
Of by-gone days, swings back once more. 
And through the vista of the years 
The well-worn Path of Life appears ; 
And now I seem to live again 
The seasons past of joy and pain. 



156. 



I tread once more the sunny way 
Of Childhood's bright and happy day, 
When with a heart so light and free 
I tripped along in joyous glee, 
Where flowers bloomed on every side. 
And velvet turf stretched far and wide. 

Those happy, happy Childhood days 
I leave once more, to walk the ways 
Of Youth and Girlhood, where my feet 
With rougher paths more often meet ; 
Yet pleasures ever join with pain, 
And joy-bells ring a glad refrain. 

Angels of Love and Friendship guide 
My footsteps. One on either side 
They stand, and try with loving arm 
And snowy wing to shield from harm ; 
When wounded sore by sorrow's dart. 
Their loving murmurs cheer my heart. 

These varied paths are fair and gay, 

But I must tread another way. 

I stand upon the border-line 

Where Youth and Womanhood combine ; 

And stretching far o'er vale and hill 

My future path lies grey and still. 

But ah 1 this path I cannot see ; 
Between that future land and me 
A misty veil of cloudy hue 
Hides all the coming years from view. 
Yet Fancy paints, in colors bright, 
A pathway full of radiant light. 

Sometimes a dreamy breeze will lift 
The curtain ; or through some small rift 
I seem to see the coming years 
Where all my future path appears ; 
And oh 1 it seems divinely fair. 
The earth, the sky, the fragrant air 

Breathe naught of grief. The sunbeams stray 

Lovingly o'er the flower-strewn way ; 

The warbling birds, the bright-hued flowers, 

(Blooming to cheer all weary hours,) 

Soft turf, and bubbling founts of joy, 

Seem pleasures nothing can alloy. 



157. 

And yet I know the future dim 

For me, and all, holds sorrows grim, 

And that the veil by Mercy's hand 

Is wrought that hides the unknown land ; 

But I will strive to be content 

With good or ill, whiche'er is sent. 

The second was published in The Housekeeper of Minneapolis, 
Minn., October i, 1889, viz : 

EVENING DREAMS. 

In the quieting hush of the evening 

That follows the close of the day, 
When the stars are beginning to twinkle 

And daylight is fading away ; 
I sit in the glow of the firelight. 

With baby at rest on my knee. 
And think what a wonderful treasure 

The dear Lord has given to me. 

My baby, my innocent baby ! 

As I watch o'er her happy sleep, 
So restful, and rosy, and quiet. 

Grave thoughts through my fancies creep, 
I think of the shadowy pathway 
, Spread out for her tiny feet. 

And wonder if joy or sorrow 

It will be her lot to meet. 

Just as she is we would keep her, 

Rosy and dainty and bright. 
Making us bend to her wishes. 

Filling the house with light. 
But no ; with unwavenng footsteps 

Old Time marches steadily on, 
And ere we can quaff all its sweetness 

Her fair baby-life will be gone. 

Then O, for a wisdom to guide her, 

That, spotless, her heart may remain ; 
That the life that is opening before her 

May be noble, and not lived in vain. 
May the Father who tenderly guards us, 

With blessing our labors repay, 
That the dear little feet may not wander 

Aside from His own narrow way. 

The third was published first in The Interior, of Chicago, III., 
and afterwards in the Star-Clipper, Traer, Iowa, September 21^ 



158. 

1 888. It was written to friends who had lost an infant daughter, 

and is headed : 

BEREAVED. 

Dear friends, let me tell you a story, 

A tale at once tender and true, 
Of a gardener who walked in his garden. 

Plucking flowers all sparkling with dew. 
He lovingly touched their bright petals, 

And arranged them with tenderest care, 
For he thought, ah ! how soon would his garden 

Be bereft of its beauty so rare. 

He thought of the fast coming autumn. 
Chill winds, and the winter's deep snows ; 

Of the frost that o'er each lovely garden 
Its mantle so desolate throws. 

He stooped o'er a frail, dainty blossom. 

That held its bright tace to the sun ; 
And said, as he lovingly watched it, 

" I can risk thee no more, little one; 
The others may weather it longer. 

May stand the rough winds for a while. 
But this tiny thing must be sheltered 

And cherished," he said with a smile. 

Then he tenderly loosened its rootlets 

From the bosom of dear mother earth, 
And left but a sense of its absence. 

To tell what its presence was worth. 
So 'twas sheltered through all the long winter 

And unfolded its beauties so rare. 
And felt not a chill from the tempests 

That raged in the cold outer air. 

Even so the kind heavenly Gardener 

Sent down from His Eden above. 
And removed to His own loving shelter 

Your blossom in infinite love. 

He knew just what cold winds would strike it 

He knew just what deep snows would fall ; 
And safe in his own kind protection 

He shelters it safe from them all. 
Day by day are her beauties unfolding, 

In His care they shall daily increase, 
And free from all sorrow and suffering 

Her happiness never shall cease. 



159. 



So, though your sad hearts are so lonely 

And dark seems your griel-strieken way, 
Be patient and trust in the Master, 

He will lead you at last to the day. 
And when at the end comes your summons 

To pass the bright pearly gates through, 
'Mid the loved ones you greet at the portal 

She 11 be watching and waiting for you. 

For one blessed message of comfort 

By the Saviour to mourning souls given. 

One that rings through the ages in sweetness, 
Is: "Of such is the kingdom of heaven," 



I copy the following from our family Bible: "On October i8, 
1883, at the residence of the bride's parents in Traer, Iowa, by 
Rev. D. L. Hughes assisted by Rev. J. S. Bingham, D.D., was 
married L. Williston Kinney to Louisa E. Hughes, youngest 
daughter of the officiating clergyman, all of Traer, Iowa." The 
Star Clipper of Traer, referring to this event, said: "At 11 
o clock a. m. yesterday, at the residence of the bride's parents in 
this city, Mr L. Williston Kinney was united in matrimony to 
Miss Louisa E. Hughes, her father. Rev. D. L. Hughes, officiating 
with the assistance of Dr. J. S. Bingham. The marriage of two 
such worthy persons, under such auspicious circumstances and 
with a future outlook so bright is always a source of gratification. 
One of the happiest moments in a young lady's or gentleman's life 
is when, at the marriage altar, they vow before God and men to be 
faithful to each other as long as they live ; and when to the wit- 
ness of that happy, solemn act, there is everything to indicate a 
future of sunshine and joy, the event is a most happy and pleasant 
one to all. These were some of the things that made the event of 
yesterday an enjoyable and gratifying one to the thirty or forty 
guests present. If true manhood and true womanhood furnish the 
foundation for a successful career and happy experience in this 
world, then the good wishes and congratulatory predictions re- 
ceived by the married pair will, as year succeeds year, be realized. 
It is seldom our pleasure to speak of a more thorough, energetic, 
and honest gentleman than Mr. Kinney, while almost any good 
word spoken of the lady of his choice would be deserving in the 



160. 

highest degree. She is accomph'shed in that higher and better 
meaning which goes to make a true lady. But our home readers 
all know both the contracting parties and will not hesitate to unite 
with the Star-Clipper in wishing that their future realizations 
may be fraught with all the happiness and all the prosperity that 
characterize the present indications." 

Mr. Kinney's full name is Lorenzo Williston Kinney. He was 
born at Norwich, Vermont, June ii, 1847. His father's name was 
Lorenzo Child Kinney. He was born at Thetford, Vermont, March 
30, 1 8 16, and died March 18, 1888, at Norwich, Vermont, aged 
sevent)-one years, 11 months, and eighteen days. He was married 
October 10, 1842, to Sophia F. Strong, at Haverhill, New Hamp- 
shire. She was born April i, 18 17, and died at Norwich, Vermont, 
November 10 1878, aged sixty-one years, seven months, and nine 
days. The education of Mr. L. W. Kinney was confined to the 
District school in Vermont, and to private instruction at home — for 
his father sometimes hired a teacher in the house. At the time of 
his marriage he was a successful merchant in the coal and lumber 
business, at Traer, Iowa. After Mrs. Hughes's death, and my own 
removal from Iowa, he sold out his business at Traer, and with his 
family removed to a warmer climate. He settled in Lake Charles, 
the beautiful and growing county seat of Calcasieu parish, in South 
Western Louisiana. He and his family now reside there in their 
own new house, own an excellent farm near town, and have made 
several other good investments. He is attending to a variety of 
business, but is meeting with success in the cultivation of fruit. 
He is a man of great industry, of unbending integrity, and of strict 
conscientiousness. He was a member of the Congregational 
Church at Traer, Iowa, and a leader of its choir for three or four 
years, and the chorister in its Sabbath School for six or seven 
years. He and his wife united with the Presbyterian Church that 
was lately organized at Lake Charles, and both have been very 
efficient workers in it from its beginning until now, in helping ad- 
vance both its material and spiritual inrerests. His wife teaches 
in its Sabbath School as she formerly did in one at Traer, Iowa, 
and he is the leader of the choir both in the church and Sabbath 
School, and has also been elected one of the Ruling Elders of the 
church. 



161. 

The children of L. Williston and Louisa E. Kinney are, ist, 
Florence Lucile Kinney. She was born January 15, 1885, at 
Traer, Iowa, She is a nice and well behaved little girl, quite 
healthy, and is improving in all her studies. 2d, Herbert Hughes 
Kinney. He was born July 15, 1888, at Lake Charles, Louisiana. 
He is a sturdy, independent boy — a great climber, jumper, and 
talker. He is healthy, good natured, and happy. 3rd. Anna 
Harrington Kinney. She was born April 20, 1891, at Lake 
Charles, Louisiana. She is named after her aunt, Anna Harrington, 
Vinton^ Iowa. Under date of May 10, 1891, Mrs. L. E. K. writes : 
'• We have a nice baby, so pretty, healthy and strong." And we 
hope she will be spared to be a comfort and a blessing to her 
parents and friends, to the church and the world. 

The children of Rev. Daniel L. and Elmira W. Hughes are eight, 
and their grand-children are fifteen. Total number, twenty three. 
May we all, at last, through God's grace to us in Christ Jesus, 
be found among the " Blessed, which are called unto the mar- 
riage supper of the Lamb." 

Thus end the genealogical and historical records of all our 
relatives, in regular order, from our Great Grand Fathers in 
1 7 II, 171 8, and 1745 down to my own last grand-daughter, born 
April 20, 1891. A "few" have proven themselves unworthy of 
their noble and pious ancestors ; but the " many " have honored 
them, and proved the faithfulness of the Divine Covenant, by their 
honest industry, fidelty in their family relationships, and above all 
by their excellent Christian character, as those who were the true 
followers of Jesus, and earnest workers in his blessed cause. May 
all their descendants ever strive to " go and do likewise." To each 
and all, in conclusion, I say : — 

" If you wish to reach Heaven, strive hard, strive hard, 

If you wish to reach Heaven, strive hard ; 
Nor the conflict shun till the victory's won, 

And you gain the eternal reward. 
Be holy within, and keep spotless from sin, 

Through the grace which in Jesus is given ; ^^ 

Then, near to the throne, you shall claim as your own, 

A crown, and a palace in Heaven." 

FINIS»