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Fiom No. 1 10 No. 61 induai 

—From Mi; 19, 1934, to May *, ItSj. 


A1.MS H0V8E — CommuntcatioQ from Superintendent oi, 
in relation to labor done by the paupers, &c for the 

last year, - 

Document, No. 2. 
Communication from the Commissioners, of the 
state of the establishment, with statistical tables 
of the number of inmates for preceding years, 
and the expenses attending them, &c. &c. 
Document, No. 20. 
' Report ofCommittee on Charity and Alms House, 
on the above Communication, directing the 
Comptroller to pay over the monies for the use 
of the establishment, on the joint receipt of the 
Commissioners and Superintendent. That the 
salariea of the Alms House Department be 
paid by the Commissioners, Sec. &c. and that 
the Commissioners change the location of the 
Clerk from Bcllevue to the Old Alms House, . 
Document, No. 28. 




.CTPB CoAi. — Report of Commiltee on Police, &c. 
with amendments to Law to regulate sale of, &c. 281 to 285 
Document No. 36. 
Apfropriations poh City EspEHDiTUitEs — Report of 
Finance Committee on ihe Report of Comptroller, 
and an eslimatc of liie probable receipts and expen- 
diture for one year, with a Law, making appropria- 
tions, 67 

Document No. 10. 
AviNCE C — Report of Street Commitlce in relation to 
widening from 3d to 15lh street, and for ccnsti'uct- 
ing a sewer therein, and for continuing the pavement 
from Sth to 10th Blrcet, .... 57 

Document No. 8. 



BAftTHELEMr, P. — Rcport of Commiltee on Fire and 
Water, ft^nst graiitins any remuneration for ser- 
vices for building safety ladder 

Document No. 2(1. 

Battsrman, Henry, Measnrer of Grain — Report of 
Fiiutice Committee, on petition to be reimbursed the 
the amount paid by him under Law of the State, re- 
gulating Measurers of Grain, in the City of New- 

Document No. 3. 

CBirrRB sntEBt — Uepoil of Street Committee of Board 
of Assistants, directing said street to be regulated and 
repaved, and that suitable sewers be constructed un- 
der the sidewalks, 

Document No. 19. 
Report of Street Committee of Board of Aider- 
men, concurring in the above report, 
Same Document. 

Market — Report of Market Committee on 
ig grouDd Tor extension of. 

Document No. 25. 
u BTRKET — Repon of Sticct Committee on pe- 
tition of Garrit Storms and others, to widen on the 
northerly side, between Fearl and Mott streets, 
Document No. 40. 
Cbabtkr, RtoHTs DNDEB — Repojt of Commillee of 
Senate on subject of, 

I Document No. 3. 
Cmr ExPENBrruREs — Report of Finance Committee, 
with Law making appropriations, 
Document No. 10. 
Comptroller's Report of, for 1S35, 
Document No. 43. 
Cmr Inspector, Annual Report of — Of Firewood, An- 
thracite, Virginia and Charcoal weighed, measured 
and inspected for 1S34, 

■ Document No, 42. 

C^rv Inspector — Report from, of the numbf3r and class 
of Buildings erected in the City of New- York, during 

the year 1834, 

Document No. 53, 
Clbbx of Tim City and Codntt of New York — An 
Act proposed, directing him to take a Registry of 

Votes, &c. 

Document No. 47. 
I Corporate Riohts of the Crrv of New-York — Re- 
port of Judiciary Committee of the Senate, in relation 


Document No. 3. 
(CntPTSOLLBR — Law in relation to liis Department, 

Amendments proposed, 

Document No. 10. 
Report from, with estimate of receipts and ex- 
penditure for 1835. . . . 
Document No. 43. 



lis ^M 


CoBTpTBOLLER — Rcpoit Ifom. With a list of the Foe Offi- 
cers who have reported to him, under the law, &c. 
Document No. 53. 
Report from, in relation to payment for Randall's 
Island, and ground for a Market in the 7th ward 
out of the Sinking Fund, .... 
Document No. 61. 
CoHHON Lasd Lots — Report of Finance Committee on 
adjustment of boundary line of, ... . 
Document No. 22. 
Report of Committee on Lands, &,c. on an ex- 
change of part of. for site and buildings of State 


Message from Mayor, 
letter from Governor Marey, 
Resolution of Senate and Assembly, 

Report of Committee, 198 

List of Common Lands, . 201 to 202 

Document No, 23. 
Counsel op the Board — Opinion of, in relation to the 
Assessment on Mortgages, owned by the estate of 
the Hon. James Lloyd, of Boston, . . . 277 

Document No. 35. 
Coal, AsmnAcrPE — Report of Committee on Police, &.c, 

with Amendment to Law in relation to weighing, &c. 28 1 

Amendment to Law, 285 

Document No. 36. 
CBtHtHAi. Law — Report of Police Committee on subject 
of publishing aDigcstof, Law directing 81,000, to be 
paid for 100 copies, to be done under the supervision 
of R. Riker, Recorder, and Chancellor Kent, 218 to 284 
Document No. 27, 
Cbttiho, Fbancis E. — Report ofFinance Committee, on 
his petition to surrender certain Water Grants, and 
to take out a new Grant in lieu thereof, in favor of, . 2.S7 
Document No. 30. 

Dbbrow.Levi and Son — Report oi'Finaiice Committee 
on petition of, for payment ol' bUl for repairs to 
Well and Pump, corner of Columbia and Uiving- 

lon streets. 

Document No. 34. 

Election, I2Tn WAitD^Petition of sundry persons, 
complaining of tlie conduct of Inspectors of. at late 

Charter Election, 

Document No. 9. 

Feb Officbss op the Corporation — Report of Finance 
Committee, together with a Law directing them to 
report their Fees, semi-annually, to tlie Comptroller, 
Document No. 4. 
FEEBZEa — Resolution of Alderman Varian in relation to 
Ferry Leases, referred to Ferry Committee, . 
Document No. 38, 
Fifth Siheet — Report of Street Committee ia favor 
of repaving, from lat to 2d Avenues, 
Document No. 6. 
FfHAScfis — Report of Finance Committee on report of 
CtHnptroller, in relation to, with amendments to the 
Law creating Comptroller's Department, and Law 

far making Appropriations. 

Document No. 10. 
Foe Dbpabtmeht — Report of Committee on Fire and 
Water, in relation to preventing persons, otiier than 
Members of llie Fire Department, from frequenting 

Engine Houses, &c 

Document No. 21. 




Fire Defarthent — Report of Committee ou Fire and 
and Water, on Communication from Engineers) Fore- 
men, &c. with a Law amending the Law for pre- 
venting and extinguishing fires, .... 563 
Document No. 49. 


Gab — Report of the Committee on Lamps and Gas, in 
relation to lighting part of the City by the Manhattan 
Gas Light Company, together with the contracts 
made by tlic Corporation with the two Ga* Light 

Companies, 547 to 561 

Document No. 48. 


Ha.ckxb¥ Cqacbes and Carriages — Report of Com- 
mittee on Lawa in relation to, and amendment to Law, S8T 
Document No. 37. 
Harlaeh Raii, Road Coiipasy — Report of Street Com- 
mittee, in relation to preventing said Company lay- 
ing rails in the streets nnd preventing the running of 

their cars on tlie Sabbath, 35 

Petition to prevent their laying double track. &c. 40 
Petililion that they may not bo prevented, &c. . 46 
Document No. 5. 
Harlabu Rail Road CoMPAjre — Report of Committee 
on Roads and Canals, on petition of James Palmer 
and others, asking the Corporation to compel said 
Rail Road Company to lake up their rails bctweea 
Prince street and 23d street, .... 577 

Document No. 51. 


Law — Amending the Law creating the Comptroller's 
Department, ....... 70 

Document No. 10. 


Law — Amendment proposed to Law to n^ulatc Um 

lying of vessels in Peck slip, &c 143 

Document No. 10. 
Law, CBDunAL — Report of Law Committee in relation 
to having a Digest of tho Criminal Law ccnnpiled, 

printed, &c. . , 317 

Together wilii a Law, giving to Domiuick T. 
Blake, Sl.OOO, for 100 copies of tlic same, when 
compiled and completed by him, under tlic su- 
pervision of R. Ribcr and Chancellor Kent, 224 
Document No. 27. 
La FaTbttb, Genebal — Particulars of the funcr;il honors 
to the memory of, witli the culo^um delivered hy 

General James Talmadgc, 85 

DocumeDt No. 15. 
JiAXPS aud Gab — See Document No. 46, page 537, Gas 

Company, &c, 
Lahps abd Gas — Report of Committee on lighting cer- 
tain streets with Gas 601 

Document No. 55. 
Llotd, Jakks, Deceased, of Boston — Petition of Execu- 
tors of, praying for remission of tax on loans secured 
by mortgage upon real estate in this City, . . 273 
Opinion of R, Emmett, Counsel, . . . 277 
Document No. 35. 
LcitATic AsTi.oi — Report of Joint Committee on Black- 
well's Island and Long Island Farms, Willi tlw de- 
tails for the building, and appropriation to carry on 

the work, 5DS 

Document No. S4. 


Maskbt, CiHTBE — Report of Market Committee on 
taking ground for extending, .... 307 

Document No. 35. 

HaTDR — Communication from, in relation to Riots, . 145 ' 
Proclamatioo of ... . 148, 14tf J 

Document No. 17. 

CommmuDicalion from, in relation to exchange 

of Common Landafor site for State Arsenal, . 195 ] 

Document No. 23. 

HAHras HosTiTAi. — Report of Committee of Board of 

Health, in relation to keepinjr the same open during - 

the winter, 345 i 

Document No. 32, 
THUwaAmji Gas Light Compamt — Copy of contract 

with the Corporation, 557 

Document No. 48. 
1 U&iflCBBBfl OT Grac* — Report of Finance Committee, 
* on the petition of Henry Battermao, to tje repaid for 
amount paid by him under State Law in relation to 

Measurers 9 ., 

Report of a Select Committee of the Senate on 

the above subject, 13 

Resolution attached to Report of Finance Com- 

Document No. 3. 


I Knr-To&K — Report of Judiciary Committee on subject 

of Corpcmite Rights of, 16 

Document No. 3. 
I Nbt-Yobe Gab Light Company — Copy of Contract with 

Corporation, 558 

Document No. 48. 


I OmcERs WHO RECEIVE Feb8 — Rcpopt of Comptroller. 

with a list of those who iiavc reported, . . 635 i 

Document No. 50. 



—Report of Joint Committee on Wharves, 
&c. on petitioa for alteration of Law relalire to ve»- 
sela lying in Peck s!ii>, utg<;ther with an ameudmcnl 

to the Law in relation to, 141 

Document No. 16. 
FcBUC Prougnade — Report ofCommittce on Wharves, 
&.C. in relation to, on the East River, between 13th 
street, Avenue C and the exterior line on tlie East 

River, 581 

Document, No. 52. 
Pdbuc Yabp — Report of Committee on Houses of De- 
tention, in relation to the removal of workshops from, 613 
Five thousand dollars appropriated to erect the 
necessary buildings, .... 61S 

Document, No. 57. 


Raftb — Report of Committee on Wharves, on building 

a bulkhead for accommodation of, ... 303 

Document No. 24. 
Rhimelandeb, Wm. B, — Execntora of. Report of Finance 
Committee on a sctticmcnt of their claim for use and 
occupation of bulkliead at foot of Barclay street, in 
favor, ....'.... 241 

Document No. 31. 
Riots — Communication from the Mayor in relation (o, 145 

Document No, 17. 
RoAi>B — Law proposed for authorizing appointment of 
Assistant Overseer of, for the 12th Ward, . . 11 
Document No. 12. 

Satety Ladder — Report against petition of P. Bar- 
thelemy for remuneration for services performed in 
Building 811 

Document No. 2G. 

ScnoNO Fund — Report from Comptroller in relation to 
paying for Randall's Island, and for ground for 
Market purposes, in ihe 7th Ward, out of ■ . 635 
Document No. 61, 
SocTH STREET — Rcpoft of Committce on Wharves, &c. 
on the alteration of the line of South street, between 
Gouverneur and Walnut streets, . . ■ 329 

Fetitifm of sundry persons in favor of, 231 to 334 

Document No. 29. 
Report of Committee on Wharves, &c. on filling 
up between Pike slip and Rulgers slip, making 
South street and building two piers in front 
thereof, according to the terms of a resolution 
passed December 10, 1833. . . . 295 

Document No. 39, 
Report of Committee on Wharves on aubject of 
making South street, from Market to Rutgers 

slip, 567 to 578 

Document No. 50. _ 

SovTB Febrt — Report of the Ferry Committee, with | 

the details of establishing, from White Hall slip, to 
or Dear the foot of Atlantic street, Brooklyn, . 631 

Document No. 58, 
Staoeb Ain> Coaches — Amendment proposed to Law for 

better regulation of, 78 

Document No. 13. 


Tavers AMD Excise License — Amendment to the Law 

in relation to, 

Document No. 14. 
Tatehm and Esctss Licenses — Report of Police Com- 
mittee on subject of separating the granting of Li- 
censes. Those who sell dry groceries, from those 
who sell ardent spirits, . . . 329 to 335 

Document, No. 40. 






Tajbs — Report from a Commilteo of iho Botrd of Ab* 
sessoTS in relation to ui alteration of the Law as- 
sessing taxes oa the citizens — referred to Speci&l 

CoDimittec, . 253 

Document No. 33. 

Report from Board of Supervisors, with amcnd- 
nicnls to the Laws for the Assessnient of 

Taxes, 303 & 305 

DocumeKt No. 41. 
ToMPETVs s<iiiA.aB — Report oFCommittce on Streets and 
Public Lands, on subject of improving and filling in, 
and appropriating $20,000 therefor, ... 63 
Document No, 7. 


"VoTBEs IK THE CmT oT New-York — Rcport of tlic 
Committee on Laws in relation to registering the 
names of Voters before the Elections, . 537 to 545 
Document No. 47. 


Wall 6TReet — Report of Street Committee in relation 
to widening, from Pearl street toward Merchants' 

Exchange, 154 

Document No. 18. 
Waostafp, WmjAM — Report of Finance Committee 
on petition of, and others, for an adjustment of boun- 
dary line of Common Land Lots, . . . 189 
Document No. 22. 
Watbk Cohiuk!;ioneS9 — Under Act of May, 1834, 

CoEDmuDicalioa iiom, 1 

DocumcQt No. 1. 

F Pip 

Watu CoMinasionERs — Report from, under Act of 
May, 1934, b relatron to supplying Ihc City of New- 
York with pure water, recommending tliat the same 
be brought from the Crolon, , . 323 to 401 

Report of V. B. Douglass, Civil Engineer, 402 to 474 ■ 
Report of John Martineau, Civil Engineer, 475 to 510 
Report of Edwin Smith, City Surveyor, 511 to 413 
Report of U. Wcnman, Water Purveyor, 514 to 535 

Document No. 44, 
Report of Commtttee on Fire and Water on tha 
above Report, together with a. Law making 
further provision for the expenses of Water 

Commissioners, 73 

Document No. 11. 
Report of Committee on Fire and Water on the 
above Report, directing tliat a poll should be 
held for the election, to say yes or no, on tlie 
question of introducing pure and wholesome 
water in the City, . .. . 517 to 538 

Document No. 45. 

Report of Finance Committee of botli Boards, with 
the project of a Law for obtaining a Loan, to 
be expended on tlie work of supplying the City 

with water, 605 

Document No. 56. 


MAY 19. 1884. 

ITte following Communication was received from the WaUr 
Commimioneri, tinder the Act of 2d May, 1834, tcftich u 
r^erred to the Committee on Fii-c and Water, 

J. MORTON, Cleik-l 

To the Honorable the Common Council of the Cili/ of JVdlP'" 

The Commissiooers appointed by Act of the Legislature, 
passed the 2d of May. 1834, " to provide for supplying the 
City of New-York with pure and wholesome water," beg 
leave respectfully to slate. 

That, by the said Act, it is made the duly of the Commis- 
sioners to examine and consider all matters relative to the 
aforesaid subject ; and, in order that they may be enabled to 
perfonn the duties required of them, ihcy are empowered t« 
employ Engineers, Surveyors, and such other persons as, in 
their opinion, may be necessary ; to make conditional contracts, 
subject to tiio ratification ot the Common Council, with the 
owners of all lands, rights and [»-ivileges, which may be re- 
quired to carry into efiect the plau they may adopt ; to entw 
upon any land or water, for the purpose of making surveys : 

Doc. No. 1.] a 

and to agree with the owner of any property, as tu tliu ainouBt 
of c(»npenfation, which may be required for tlie purposes ds- ^' 
stgnaled by the said Act ; to make a report of their proceed- 
ings, containing a full Maicmeut and description of the plaa 
adopted by Uiem ; an estimate of the expense thereof, bikI tbA 
probable amount of revenue to accrue lo the City, with tbs 
reasons and calculations iijwn which their opinions and cati- 
maies are founded. If Uio Cujnmon Council approves the 
plan adopted by the Comniisgioncrs, the question must be wb- 
mitted to the electors al die next Charter electron ihcrtafler* 
who are to express their assent or reftjsal, to alhiw the nece»*, 
sary money to be raised for conslruclintj ihc said work ; and 
if a majority of the electors sliould be in favor of the measure, 
it will be lawful for the Common Council to instruct the Com- 
missioners to proceed ; and they may aJao raise by loan, from 
lime to time, and in such amount as they may tliink fit. a sum 
not exceeding 82,300,000, by the crcalion of a public slock, 
to be called " The Watfr Stock of the City of New-York." 
The Common Council are to authorise the Commissioners, to 
draw upon llie Comptroller, for any sum to be paid the owner 
of any lands, waters, or other property, acquired by virtue of 
the Act alluded lo ; and also, tiic money to be paid to any Con- 
tractor, for any sum due upon his contrnci, and also for the 
incidental expenses of the Commissioners. 

The Commifisioners have deemed it their duty lo lay before 
the Common Council, the foregoing brief sketch of some of 
the material provtjsions of the Act under which they have been 
appointed; and, as the subject is one of much importance, 
both as it relates to the utility and expense of the measure, and 
ia, therefore, wortliy of special attention, they beg leave to 
submit to the Common Council llie question, whether it is 
deemed by iheni expedient, that the Commissioners should pro- 
ceed in the matter or not. 

The Commissioners have spent the greater part of the last 
year, in examinations relative to a supply of good water for 
the City, and they think diey have shown conchisively, that 
the supply lo be had is abundant, the quality good, and the 



[Doo. No. 1. 

practicability of introduction undoubted. The only unsettleii M 
questions are, the best method of introducing the water, the 
lowest cost at which the work can be performed, and the proba- , 
We amount of revenue that may accrue to the Ciiy. 

That these facts were not accurately ascertained, when tha. J 
report of the 12lh of November last was submitted, is owing, I 
mainly to the omission of one of the Engineers, engaged by ■ 
Ihe Commisnoners, to fulfil hia contract, and the time limited ■, 
for the presentation of the report, precluding any new engage- ,, 1 
ineul for tlie purpose of a re-cxamiiiation of the surveys and -, 

Whether any further expense shall be incurred or not, de- u 
pends on the decision of the Common Council. If that d&7 t 
cision shall be in lavor of proceeding under the late Act, it wi4 J 
then be necessary that an appropriation be made, subject to the,J 
draft of the Commissioners, for the payment of the Engineers.,, 
uid others they may employ, in accordance with the authority ,, 
given them by tlie Act, and for the disbursement of their owaiT 
incidental expenses. 

The Commissioners request, also, that the room in the Hall ^ 
of Record, which they have heretofore occupied, may be s 
apart for their use, should the Common Council recommend a 
fiiilher prosecution of llie examinations. 

Respectfidly Submilled, , ■ 

New-York, May 19, 1834. 


■ - 

• r- ■ ■• 


■^ ■♦ - 

k . 

« t 

r ■ 



MAY 19, 1834. 

/V tk^rintendent of the Aims Hoitsc prexjUed hia Anm 
Report, together ipith Statement of the labor done by f 
Pavfert, 4t^. in the Bslablithment for the last year, t 
ttat nad and directed to he printed for the use of t 

J. MORTON, Clbbk. . 


Of the Superintendent of the Alms Houae, Bridewell and 
Beniteniiary of the City of New-York, showing the number of 
Pkupers who have been admitted into the Alms House, froni 
the lirBt day of May, JS33, (including those at the time in the 
home) to the first day of May, 1834; and the number dia- 
charged frum and that died in the house during the same period ; 
and likewise, the number of Paupers now bi the hous--?, desig- 
nating their sex and places of birth ; the nuitiber of Prisonenr 
and VagTiiDts in the Bridewell and Penitentiary ; and the 
number of Patients and Maniacs in the Alms House Hospital : 
with an account of Donations distributed to Out Door Poor, 
by the Superintendent and Cnmniissioners, during tlie tiine_ 

Doe. No. X] e 

IW^BFI IB SBd *'"*"**'' nlO uB AhUB HOOSB DQBI 

dw fint of Hay, 1SS8^ to the flnt oT May, 1894, 
ftapen ducharged during same period, 3,614 — 

defied. Ill — died, 608. Total discharged, eloped 

and died, 

Monber (Jacluding Hospital FatienO and Maniacs, 

and Children at none) May 1, 1834, 

I Off mir, woiuN, boys abb csbls. 











ri.AGn or naiitity. 































4 10' 1 

3 3 171 

36 1,693 

Number of niaooen and Vagranti in Bridewell the 
lit day of Hay. 1834— Hen, 73— Women, 5. 

jNtnnber of Friaooert and Vagranu gndudJr^g 3fi 
Feaufa Stale Convicto) in the Penitentiaiy, fint 
Blayr 1SS4— Hen, 386— Woraen, 188. Total. 

Nomber of BuieDti in Alms House Hos}»tal, Hay 
lit, ISS^^Men, 68— Women, SB. Total, 

Number of M""'*™ in Alma House Hospital, Hay 
lit, 1834— Hen, OT—Wcnwn, S8. Total, . 

7 [Doc. No. 2. 

Cash distributed to Out Door Poor duricg last twelve 

- months, t2,969 

Wood laid in nod distributed to s&me, 4,3^ loads, 

including carting and piling', ■ . . 8,932 fi 

Potatoes laid in and distributed to same, 5,19S bush- 

«1». including carting and carrying in, . 1580 9t 

Total dollars, . 13,173 48 

JAMESON COX, Superintendent. 
Bbliavte, May !, ]f<34. 

The Superintendent of llie Alms House respectfully com- 
municates to the Common Council, (in addition to his Annual 
Keport) that the following named articles have been manufao* 
tared by the Paupers, for the Alnns House and Penitentiary, 
the past year, to wit, from May 1, 1833, to May 1, 



Number of yards of Woollen Cloth, manufactured ^^■ 

the past year, ,1,34# "i 

Number of yards of Cotton and Woollen, twilled and 
colored, manufactured the past year, 
fnmber of yards of Cotton Shirting, manufactured 
the past year 18.90Q'^1 

Nambcr of yards of Rug Carpet, manufactured the 
past year, 

Number of yards of Woollen Warp, on hand. 

Nimber of lbs of Cotton Cnrd, manufactured llic 

Hnmber of lbs of -Stocking Yarn, manufactured the 

year, 97» '_ 

jlontber of pairs of Shoes made, men's 595, women's 

736, children's 1282 S.Sljfc 

Number of pairs of Shoes repaired, . I,0(H 

Rumber of men's and btiys' Woollen Sliirts, made 

IT, .,.-... M9i 

Doc. No. 2.] 8 

Number of men's and boyg* Shirts* mode the past 

year, ^165 

Number of women's and girls' garments, made the 

pMtyear, 4,8M 

Number of small children's garments, made the past 

year, 1^78 

Number of men's Jackets (208) and Trowsers (210) 

repaired, 418 

Number of pairs of Stockings, knit the past year, . 1,060 
Number of articles of Bedding, made the past year, SfiM 

FOR PENITENTIARY— (Labor done by Paupers) 

Number of yards of Woollen Cloth, made for Peni^ -^ 

tentiary past year, 1,759 

Number of Woollen Jackets (180) and Trowsers 

(773) cut at Alms House, .... 953 

There has been raised on the land within the enclosure at 
Bellevue, 10,000 heads of cabbage, and other vegetables, for 
the consumption of the establishment ; also, sufficient Broom 
Ccnm to make 1000 Brooms ; and on the common lands, be> 
longing to the Corporation, between the Bloomingdale Road 
and the 8d Avenue, 100 tons of Hay, 5000 bushels of Pota- 
toes, 1000 bushels of Turnips — and 200 rods of stone imD 
have been built Also, 500 bushels Oats have been raised. 

An average of 12 barrels of Flour is made into bread by 
the Paupers daily ; 608 Coffins were made the past year, witli 
all other Carpenter and Blacksmiths' woik, by the Paupers. 

There is a hired man to oversee the Shoe Shop, Carpenters' 
Shop, Blacksmiths' Shop, and Bake House. 

1800 barrels of soft Soap viras made by the Pftupers the 
past year, from which the Alms House Hospital, Penitentiary 
at BeOevue and Blackwell's Island, Bridewell, and Old Alms 
House are supplied. 

Respectfidly Submitted, 

JAMESON COX, Superintendent 

Bbluwb, May 1, 18S4. 



MAY 21, 1834. 

The following Rt-port of lite Finance Committee, on tite jtffc. 1 
moruit of Heniy Buttcrman, to be reimbursed the amount J 
paid by him. under the Act rrgulallng the Measurers ef I 
Grain in the City of New-York, was adopted. 

3. MORTON. Clerk. 

The Commiltee on Finance, to which waa referred the Mb- 
f morisd of Henry Batlcnnon, stntiiig Jliat lie is one of ihe 
' MeswurerB of Gmin, appointed by the Cominoa Council of the 
r Cily of ^'ew-York. Tlial in the performance of the duties of 
sucli Mcaatircr, he had been prosecuted in divers suits, by 
" Samuel Satlerler, Junior, the Measurer General, for tlie pen- 
' aJty, under the State law, for measuring grain in the City of 
New- York, witliout an appointment by the Governor and Sen- 
ate, under lliat Act, in whicli judgments hiul boon obtained 
a^insl liim, under which he was committed to prison, where he 
^reiniined seventeen days in esection. That tliesc proceedings 
' ^ve subjected him to an actual expense of one hundretj and 
' eigiit dollara and seventy-five centa ; aud he is so much re- 
duced thereby, tlial he is unable to set up any business, so 
tbv he cannot continue ttic measuring of griiin as a City 
Measurer, under the commissioa which he holds, without su)»>^ 
jecting himself to new provocations, the penalties in which I 

Doc. No. 3.] 10 

is unable lo pay ; and I'uitlicr intiinutiiig, that u tbo C<n^>im- 
tion had undertaken to continue the City Measurers, agaitisi 
those appointed by the Stale, so far as might be necessary to 
have the question legally setllcd, he trusted Uicy were right in 
so doing, and relying upon them, and tlieir disposition lo Up- 
hold hun and the other City Measurers, in the discharge of 
the duties of IJieir olfices. he coulinued in the perfonnancc of 
the business of a City Measurer, until he was brought to the 
present straight ; acul now he prays for relief, and that he may 
be redressed for the injuries he lias sustained in the premises, 
in and about the perfomiauce of liis duties as sucli Measurer. 
An aflidavit of the memoria'ist accompanies the memorial, 
ill which he swears that the statements contained in it ai-e true 
in substance and matter of fact. 

Whereon the Committee ask leave to report, that, by the 
Charter of the City, it ia provided, that. 

For ^e better preservation of good rule and order in the 
said City, we do, for us, our heirs and aucceasors, will, ordajn 
and grant onto the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of ihe 
said City, and their successors, that the Common Council of 
the said City, for the time being, or the major part of them." 
shall have full power and authority lo liecnsc and appomt by 
warrant, under the common seal of the said City, or other- 
wise, one or more Surveyors of Flour, Bread, Beef, Pork, and 
oilier provisions, Measurers of Grain, Sail, and other com- 
modities, Giiagers of Wine, Beer, Ale, Cider, Rutn, Brandy, 
and all other saleable or exciseable liquors, Garbles, Beadles, 
Bellmen, Watchmen, Bridewell Keepers, or Keepers of a 
House or Houses of Correction and of Alms Houses, Criers, 
und Bell Ringers, and lo displace nil or any of tliem, and put 
others in their room ; and to add or diminish tlic number of 
them, or any of thein, as often as the said Common Council of 

K the said City, or llie major part of diem, may think fit. — 

H Charter, page 72. 

H From this extract, it appears that this grant of political 

■ power was made for the good rule and government of the 

■ City. Can it be maintained, iJien, that this power so granted 

il [Doc. No. 3. 

c:aiiiiol \x resucieU, il the good luio and government of tlie 
City should require its rcassumpiinn, by the Stale Government ? 

From this extract It also appears, that tlie Corporation orig- 
inally bad the appointment of tJie Siirreyora, now called In- 
spectors of Floiir, tlie Inspectors of Beef and Pork, the Meas- 
urers of Grain, and tlie Gangers of Wine, Beer, Ale, Cider, 
Riun, Brandy, and all other exciseabte liquors, ond, no doubt, 
the Inspectors of Pot and Pearl Ashes also, all of which have 
been reassumed by the State Government. There is, how- 
("ver, no question before the Board on tliis subject, except as 
lo the Measurers of Gnun. The reassumption, by the State 
Government, of the powers of appointing the Inspectors of 
Flour, the Inspectors of Beef and Pork, the Gaugers of Wine. 
Beer. Ale, Cider, Uuin, Brandy, and all oth<;r excisable liquors, 
and tlie Inapcclors of Pot and Pearl Aslics. dues not appear 
ever to have been questioned, so far as the Committee are 
informed. Tiiey have not discovered any thing in tlie books 
to show that any such resistance was ever before thought of; 
and tlie Committee arc of tlic opinion that it will now ter- 
minate in an unprofitable expenditure of tlie public money, and 
a vain and improvident resistance to the State autliority. 

They are not aware, however, that the proceedings of the 
State Legislature on tins subject, and the reasons for reassum- 
11^ the appointment of Measurers of Grain, have ever been 
communicated to the Common Council. They ask leave, 
therefore, to set out as part of this Rciwrt, the two following 
Legislative Reports on tliis subject, in order that the reasons 
of the reassumption may be the belter perceived and under- 
stood* in the hope tliat it may lead to a enrrcct determination 
trf this matter; which dix-iunents here lo'lmv, that is to say : 


February 1, 1832. 


Of the Select Committee^ on several petitions for a law regulat- 
ing the measuring of Grain in the City of New-York. 

The Select Committee, to vrhom was referred tlie several 
petitions of merchants and other dealers in Grain, in the towns 
of Newburg, New- Windsor and Cornwall in the county of 
Orange, of Waterford in the county of Saratoga, of Troy and 
Lansingburgh in the county of Rensselaer, and the City of Al- 
bany, praying for the passage of a law authorizing the appoint- 
ment of a Measurer General of Grain, in the City of New- 


The petitioners represent, that great dissatisfaction often 
occurs between the parties in the purchase and sale of Grain 
in the New- York market, both as to the measure and quality 
of the article ; that there arc now about forty Measurers of 
Grain in the City of New- York, appointed by City authority, 
and independent of each other, which of course produces 
great competition in the business. Each Measurer has his 
striker employed, and from the great number thus concerned 

IJ [Doc. No. 3^ I 

■i^ a^rgregale of business is inadequate to full support, or con-' ' 
liteni empk^fment. From these circumstances, it frequently 
vkappens that the Measurers arc employed in and about the 
Knores of dealers in Grain, and generally act as agents or bro. i 
I ^a in their purchases; they are therefore supposed not to ' 
1, possess that entire independence and impartiality necessary in 
I'Ac performance of their official duticB. 

The petitioners furtlier allege, that large parcels of Grain I 
ire frequently sold by sample, to be delivered al a future day f 
I ihat in cases where prices have declined before delivery, and ] 
I tfie purchaser has found an advantage in evading the contract, 
■he has been enabled to do il, by alleging that the Grain produ- 
Reed was inferior to the sample, and his Measurer, who secmff j 
Vto be the arbiter in these disputes, unifbrmly decides in favrf 1 
I of the party to whom he is most indebted for employment and ' 
I inpport A ppeals from such decisions are dilatory and expcn- 
I «ve, of course seldoni resorted to, and the party aggrieved is 
I in eSect, without available redress. 

The petitioners also complain that eirors in measurmenl 
I often occur, almost uniformly to the disadvantage of the seller J 

i that in some instances, where such parcels have been ship* * 
I ped and sold at other ports, the quantity has exceeded largely ' 
|;lhe New- York measurmcnt. 

Under these circumstances, the petitioners ask for an ae( - 
I tothorizing and directing the appointment by the Govemef 7 
r and Senate, a Measurer General of Grain in the City of New* 'J 
I York, with power to appoint deputies or assistants, and defio^ 1 
I ing his other powers and duties. 

In the investigation of this subject, j'our Committee has I 
T ecmfrrred with several gentlemen interested in the purchasd 
J tnd shipments of Grain, and olhors Hcquainted with the sub- ^ 
L^Kt, and from tlie information thus obtained, as well as fnnn ' 
1 (he number and respectability of the petitioners, they have 
I become satisfied that the complaints of the pctili^mers, to a 
\< Considemble extent, arc well founded. But be this as it may 
it seems placed beyond all doubi that great dissatisfaction pre- 

Doc. No. 3.] 14 

vails under the present regulations of that very inaportAnt 
branch of commerce. There is certainly something in the 
aspect of these complaints, indicating a jealousy between the 
dealers in Gniin in the City and those of the country, which 
seems to call for more satisfactory arrangements than at pre- 
sent exist. If it be true as the petitioners state, (and the 
Committee has no reason to doubt it,) that it is the commoo 
practice of the most considerable dealers in Grain in the City 
of New- York, to find full employment for a particular Mea- 
surer, eitiier in his oflicial capacity or otherwise, that circum- 
stance alone must be sullicient to raise doubts in a stranger, 
who> has no claims upon his favor or partiahties. The mea- 
surers of Grain are now appointed by the Common Council 
of New- York, under the powers contained in their charter, 
each independent of all others, and without the control of any 
particular superintending authority by which their duties may 
be regulated, and questions of right between dealeis in Grain 
promptly and equitably decided. Formerly the Inspectors of 
Spirits, Ashes, <kc. were appointed by the City authorities, 
but as their duties and powers were not confined exclusively 
to City interests, but were intended for the general benefit of 
tlie State, the appointments have been assumed by the State 
authorities. The trade in Grain is certainly not exclusively a 
City interest, but its eflfects are felt in almost every part of the 
State, except in cases where that article is brought from be- 
yond our limits. It seems, then, proper and nccessaiy, that 
this interesting branch of our commerce should also be placed 
under the superintendence of officers appointed by, and ac- 
countable to, the government of the State, and that the wliole 
subject should be so ordered and regulated as to secure the 
full confidence of all our citizens, as well as those of other 
states who may resort to our markets ; and to afford meang 
for the most prompt and satisfactory correction of errors or 
impositions, should such at any time exist. 

There is, however, a remonstrance, si^^ncd by about tliirty 
individuals and companies dealing in Grain in tho City of 


[Doc. No. 3 

New- York, against any variation from the present system : 
but the Committee has not considered their objections of suf- 
ficient weight to justify a longer continuance of the present 

In accordance with their views on this subject, the Com-' 
mittee has prepared a bill, regulating the measuring of Grain 
in the City of New- York, and directed their chairman to ask 
leave to introduce the snmo. 

^ .•?^* 5</n 'V 

- . . ■. ;■ " 1. - - r -.■••. • 

* • , J-. *. ■. 

- - - i ■"».'.■ ■ 


March 27, 1832. 

• iP ■■ 

Of the Judiciary Committee, in relation to the CorponUe 
. ' . rights of the City of NeuhTork. 


'^ Mr. Beiirdsfey, from the Committee oti the Judiciary, to 
which was Teferred tfie bill regulating the measuring of Grain 
ift Ae City of New- York, for their opinion on the following 

1. Whether the power given to the Corporation of the City 
of New- York, by the Charter of the said City, to appoint and 
rtgulate the Measurct^ 6f Grain, is or is not an exclusi^ 
poorer, and whether such Charter is not saved and confirmed^ 
by the Constitution of the State ? 

i^» Is it competent for the Legislature to exercise a con- 
current power, or an exclusive power, so far as to prohibit the 
Corporation from regulating the conduct igind appointment of 
Admeasurers of Grain ? 

3. If the people of the State of New- York stand in the 
same relation to the City of 'New- York as the king of Great 
Britain did prior to the Revolution, wTidt is the legal interpre- 
tation of that clause in the Charter of said City, which says 
that the Corporation of New- Ycn-k" shall hold, exercise and 


[Doc. No. 3. 

^, Jl iheir power uul privileges without any hindrance 
lad molesutioii 1 t. 


That under this reference they have not deemed it their duty 

m^ look into the details of the biJl, or to express any opinion as 

■to its expediency. Nor have they considered it as presenting 

c question of amending the Charter of New- York, and there* 

we requiring a vote of two-thirds of the members of tho 

slaturc. These are questions wliich will address them- 

ielves to the consideration of tlie members of the Commillee 

whenever they may be called to act on the details of this bill. 

The Committee undorsiaiid that the Corpoiation of tlie City 

f New- York claim die right of appointing and regulating 

[easurers of Grain wiihin the City, and deny the right of the 

Wt<egislalure (o paas any law that shall impair or lake awajr 

Kir present Corjiorate powers. 

The Committee have therefore contined themselves wholly 

p the questions of law submitted to them by the resolution of 

c Senate, and have bestowed such time and reflection on the 

ibjcct, as their other legislative duUes would permit. 

The Charter of tlie City of New-York was granted on the 

loth of January, 1730, by letter patent under the great seal of 

i Province, by authority of the Crown. 

, It recited previous grants, commencing with a Charter un- 

t James II. of the 22d of April, 1C86, and fully confirmed 

c grants, and gave additional powers and privileges. And 

\ latter charter, granted by George II. in 1730, was fiilly 

mfiniied by an act of llie Provincial Government, passed the 

\\ of October, 1732. 

I By this Charter the Alayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of 

e City of New-York, and their successors forever, among 

js, arf: fully vested with the office " of Measurer of 

1 in the said City, to measure Salt, Wheat, Oats and other 

nin. and all oilier merdiandizes measurable or to be measur- 

l in the said City." To have and to hold llicsc and other 

s enuoierated in the Charter, and the disposition, ordi- 

Doc. No, 3.] 18 

nance* and corrections of the mme, and to nentmrnenrntt 
by themselves all Ices, proiils and j>erquiaiteg to the said offices 
due, or to be due, the Mayor. Aldennen and Commonalty and 
their succeaaors, lo their own proper use forever. — [See p. 69 
nnd 70 of the printed Charter.] 

For the better preservation of good nile and order in ihe 
City, autlioriiy was granted lo the Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonalty of llie City, and their successors, that the Com- 
mon Council of the City, or the major part of them, for the time 
being, should ha\e full power lo license or appoint by warrant, 
under llie common seal of the City or otherwise, " one or more 
Surveyors of Flour, Bread, Beef, Pork and other provisions. 
Meaiurers of Grinn, Salt nnd nil other commodities, Ganger* 
of Wine, Boor, Ale, Cider, Rum, Brandy and alJ other salea- 
ble or exciscablc liquors. Garbles, Beadles, Bellmen, WatcJi- 
iiien, Bridewell Keepers, or Keepers of a House or Houses 
of Correction," &c. — [Sec p. 73 of tlie printed Charter.] 

At page 104 of the printed Charter, it is given and granted 
lo ihc Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City, and 
tMir successors forever, that they and their successors, all and 
singulni', the " rights, privileges, franchizes, premiums, ftdvan- 
lagea, authorities, jiirisdictiona, liberties, offices, courts, powers, 
immunities, ic. before granled t>v confirmed, shall and ma\ 
forever hereafter have, hold, enjoy and use, without the hin- 
drtincc or impediment of us, our heirs or successors" &e. 

And fit page 107, it la covenanted that die Corporation shall 
quietly enjoy all tlK'ir former and thereby granted fraticliizes. 
lands, tenements and heredilaments. 

Such were the rights of Ihc City under the Colonial Govern- 
ment, and hy Ihc revolution the people of this State, in their 
sovereign capacity, succeeded to all the powers and rights ot 
the Crown, and Ihc City remained vested with all the rigJiIt 
and privileges which had been previously conferred, and which 
had not been resumed or modiiied by the Crown, or its repre- 
sentative, the Provincial Government. 

The question then is, as the Committee apprehend, could 
the Crown or Govenunent of Great Britain, or their Provincial 


tPoc. No^^a 

GoTeiuneDt, have resumed the powers granted to the CorpcKV 
ration, without its consent / jH 

If these rights could have been ao resumed, It is bclievejn 
that they now may be, by ihe Government of this State, unleij'i 
■the State Government is restrained by the Constitution of tfa^^ 
SlBte, or of the United States ; which latter questions will tie^ 
eumjned in the sequel of this report. , ^4 

The Committee, then, will discuss the question of power 0^^ 
the part of the L.egislature, and not the question of expedtctioj^^ 
in applyii^ this power to the resumption of privileges, pre^-* I 
pusly granted. ( I 

The Committee can discover no difference in principle b^ f 
tween the alteration or modification of the Charter of Ihe City I 
of New- York, and the alteration or modification of the Char-*! 
(er of any newly incorporated City or Village. All are civfl ■ I 
Corporations, and vested widi Corporate powers and privi; I 
leges ; and althou^ in modern enactments it is not deemed I 
necessary to insert in terms a covenant or declaration, on ihs I 
part of the Government, that the Corporation shall possess tha I 
powers and privileges granted, yet, in the opinion of the Com- i 
mittee, the mere granting of these powers to civil Corpora* I 
tioos imparts the same verity to the grant, as if more solemnlji I 
expresacd in the language of a full covenant of enjoyment. I 

Towns and Counties are hi the nature of Corporations, and J 
yel no one doubla the power of tlie Legislature to divide, OC I 
even to annihilate them, or to prescribe new rules and regulai) I 
lioDs for their Goverment, or new officers to govern tlicm. I 
And so of Cities or Villages, the Committee iiupposc the I^e- I 
gislature haa the power of modifying their Charter:^, and iha( I 
loo when the right to modify, altar or repeal is not expressly, I 
Ksen-ed and inserted in the act of incorporation. I 

Take the case of an incorporated Village, where the Trns- 1 
•s by the act of incorporation are to be cijosen by (he free- I 
bolders and inhabitants, and the President to l)c a]>pointed by J 
|be Trustees, can any one doubt the power of the Legislature I 
smend the Charter, and lo direct the President to he elected 1 
ly the people ' I 

Doc. No. 3.] 20 

Or suppose the Village Officers we to be«1 
ticuJajT class of Citizens, by freeholders or householders of 
a certain value, may not the Legislature exlend iho right 
of sufiVage, and authorize other Citizens to pflrlicipale in 1^ 
election ? 

It seems to the Committee that the power of iho I^egii 
ture in such cases could not be queslioDcd, and this too 
when no provision was contained that the I^cgiMnture m^ht 
altar or modify the Charter. 

These acts of incorporation are mere municipal nigulalioaa 
for the gixid order and well being of ihe Citizens of tho State, 
and the Committee suppose that sucli Corporations are clearly 
distinguishable from private Corporations. 

That under private Corporatiotis, vested righte may be ac- 
quired. The Corporation is created for private purposes, and 
good faith on the port of the Govenim'^nt, and the inteient of 
tfie Citizen, requires thai the power of ilic Govcrnmcn*. slioukJ 
not be exerted in subverting private rights, unless the powflif 
to repeal or modify has beeu reserved in the Charter. '''V^l 

But with a City or Corporation created for pubhc purpooal^^l 
and from motives of public policy, for nwrc municipal regular 
tiona, it is difficult to see how vested rights are to be acquired. 
No one individual acquires the right. It is a right conferred 
upon and acquired by the Corporators, in their corporate ca- 
pacity, f'lr imhlic purposes, and may be resumed or aiuiihikted 
at the will "f the Government. 

It is nr-t a pecuniary right, but a municipal rec^ulatioo. 

The Committee believe the dialinctiou which tliey have 
alluded to. between public and private CoToralions, lo be fully 
sustained, nQt only in principle, but from abuuduni authority. 

In the case of Philips vs. Bury, decided in 1001, Holt, Chief 
.Tuatice, lakes the distinction, "that there arc two sorts of 
L Corporations, the one conslitiited for public government, the 
I other for private charity. And these sorts of Corptjrations, 
^ (fot fufciic parjQsesJ ^c not subject to oay founder or visitor, 
H or pi^rtu:u}ar,statillff> but to the general and common lav s of 


^)oc.' No,! I 

■rtic tealm, and by ihem they have thoir tnsintenance and sii^i 1 
port." — [1. Lord Raymond, 5 to 8ih page.] 
' Chancellor Kent, in his Commentaries, has the same distiub- J 
tion. * Civil Corporations (says that distinguished jurist) ats | 
established for a variety of purposes, and they are either pub* 
lie or private. Public Corporations are such as exist for publ^e 
jmiitical purposes only, such as Counties, Cities, Towns aqd 
Villages. They are founded by tlie Government for public piuw 
posea, and the whole interest in them belongs to the public"-— 
(2 Keofs Com. 222.] , 

Again, he says, " In respect to ptiblic Corporations, whic* 
exist only for public purposes, as Counties, Cities and Towii& 
the Legislature, under proper limitations, have a right Mr 
change, modify, enlarge or restrain them, securing, howeveiv 
ilbe property for the use of those for ',vhom it was purchased. 
■A puHie CoTrporation, instituted for purposes connected with 
the administration of the Govcrnntcut, may be controlled by 
the Lcgiriaturc, because such a Corporation is not a contract 
within the purview of the Constitution of tlie United Statefti 
In these public Corporations, there is in reality but one parMj' 
liud ihi! Trustees or Governors of the Corporation are mereAri 
Tnisteca for the public," •► 

" But a private Corporation (ho says) whether civil or ele^ 
itiosyonrj', is a contract between the Government and tlie 
Corporators, and the Legislature cannot repeal, impair, or alter 
ihe rights and privileges conferred by the Charter, against the 
conspirt, and without the default of the Corporation, judtcially 
neccrtained and declared." — [Ibid, 243.] 

Tlic same doctrine is assorted in Terretf and others Vi 
Taylor and others — [9 Cranch, 5'J.] 
' And by referring to the case of Dartmoutli College v( 
Woodward, it wilt be found that Mr. Webster, who was coi 
wl ift that cause, fuily admits the right of the Legislature to 
chai^ and modiiy the corporate rights of Cities, Counties and 
Towns, as public convenience may require, due regard 
always had (o the rights of property. His opinion on 



Doc. No. 3.] aa 

point may be scon al page 562.— {4 Wheaton, V. S- 1 
5]8.] ___ 

At page 629 of tlic samo case. Chief Justice IVfarsb&li m>' i 
marks: " If the act of iticorporaiiwi be a gram of political 
power, if ii create « civil iifstilution, to be employed in the 
administration uf the Government, \\\a subject is one in which 
' the Legislature of a State may act according to its own judg- 
ment, unrestrained by any limiutioo of its power impoaed by 
the Constitution of tlic United States." 

The opinion of Judge Washington, in the same case, at 
page 659, and of Judge Story, at page C94, admits the same 

The same di^tioctiou is taken by tlie Attorney General, in 
his report lo tlie Ix:giiilalure, made on tlie 0th of April, 1830, 
on a reference to hini of the bill to divide the town of Hunting- 
ton, in the county of Suffolk, — [See Assembly Documents of 
that year. No. 302.] 

The Commiltee consider llieae authorities perfectly conclu- 
sive, and ibey might also urge the very act of confirmation in 
the present CJiarter, of tlie antecedent grant of corporate 
powers, as an evidence of llie power of Government to resume 
or modify those powers ; because if the previous grant con- 
veyed rights which could not be resumed by the Government, 
why the necessity or propriety of a confirmation 7 

Why confirm a right which was already beyond the 
of the power confinning it T 

The Cojnmitlee might refer to the various actS of legisla- 
tion atfecling the great \-aricty of corporate powere originally 
granted to tlie City of New-York, as a continued legislative 
construction of legislative powers. 

The State exercises the right of appointing Inspectors of 
Beef and Pork, and Inspectors of Flour. The Legislature 
has increased the number of wards, has regulated, by staluU^, 
the opening and constructing of streets, and appear to hani 
acted with unlimited power. 

It ia probable that many of the statutes have been passed 
at the instance of tbe Corporators, but the Committee have no 




[T>oc. No. 


on tO'^^ 



doubt that there 1ms beeii iiiucli legislation aiTecting ihe p 
ers conferred on the City authorities, witljout the assent of fli 
Corporation, and probably, in many instances, Jn opposition t 
its wiabcs. 

The powers and privileges granted to the Corporation were 
intended not only for the benefit of the City, but fni' ihe gen- 
eral prosperity of the Province, which was considered as c 
sentiully depending on the prosperity of the Citj'. 

It therefore coald hardly have been intended to plae 
municipal regulations of the City, in which the citizens of (fte 
Province had a deep and abiding interest, entirely beyond the 
power of general legislation. 

The very nature of corporate powers, and the method of 
correcting abuses, as then understood by the English common 
law, imply the right, as the Committee believe, of legislative 

Certain Corporations were then, and (under the common 
law (rf" England) still are subject to the visitation of certain in- 
dividuals for the correction of abuses. 

Anotlier class of Corporations are to be reached and their 
abuses corrected through the intervention of courts of justice. 

Now, under the present Charter, the power lo appoint 
Measurers of Grain was intended to promote the interest and 
prosperity of the City and Country. 

If experience should show that the manner of appointing 
ihem failed of answering the great object in view, it is believed 
the abuse or defect could only be corrected by the Legislatun.', 
No private visitation could correct it, and courts of law conlti 
not judge of the expediency of the mode of appointment. 

The Legislature must, therefore, afford redress, if redress be 
given, as no other power or authority could reach Ihe case. 

" A Corporation may be dissolved by act of Parliament. 
whid) is boundless in its operations." — [1 Black. Com. 485.] 

b the remarks of the Committee, thus far, they have laid 
out of view the questions whether the Legislature is restrained 
ia its action, on thi* snhiTi, hy ifif^ CnnBlilnli'-'n "f lhi= Stala^ 


Doc. No- 3.] 24 I 

or by the Ccoisljtution of the United States. These queatioa^l 
they will now proceetl to discuss. ~^V 

And, first, of the Constilution of the United States. -^J 

A clause in llie tenth section of the first article of the FWV 
deral Conalitulion, prohibits a State from passing any law hl^V 
pairing the obligation of contracts. ^H 

It has repeatedly been decided by the Supreme Court i /tm 
tiie United States, that a grant by a State to individuals, orHfM 
private Corporations, is to be regarded as a contract, aa j^ 
equally to be protected by this clause in the Constitution, as mB 
I'onlract between individuals, — [6 Cranch, 88, Fletcher v jf^ 
Peck. 7 do. 1 (J4, New-Jersey vs. Wilson. 9 do. 43, Terr^J 
vs. Taylor, do. 2fl2. Pawlet vs. Clarke. Dartmouth CoIlegfV 
vs. Woodward, 4 Whcnton, 519.] fl 

It has also been decided that a private Charter is a contra ^j 
on the part of the Govemmenl, and not to be impaired by iH 
subsequent law— [Ibid. 656 to 662.] J 

But the same authority makes a distinction between priviiM^B 
and public Corporations, and in regard to the latter, an alterat^l 
lion or modification by the Legislature is not such an impaip-*^ 
log of the obligation of contracts as the Constitution intendetf^ 
to provenl. — [See also 2 Kent's Com. 245.] '^B 

The Committee therefore conclude that there is nothiny^ J 
in the Constitution of the United States to rpstrain legislatirjl'^ 
action. '^9 

In regard to the Constitution of this State. ^3 

The 18th section of the 17tli article is a;j follows: " Sudf*J 
pails of the common law, and of ihc acts of the Ix^gislaturWj 
of the Colony of New- York, as together did form the law of^ 
the said Colony, on the nineteenth day of April, 1775, and the^ 
resolutions of the Congress of the said Colony, and of tho M 
convention of the State of New-York, in force on the 20th ^ 
day of April, 1777, which have not since expired or been r&.-^ 
pealed or altered ; and such acts of the Lcgi.''lature of this ^ 
State as arc now in force sliall be and continue the law of lhi» H 
State, subject to such alteration as ihi- Li-^i^lnture shall mah«-"n 
ronoTning the snmi'." ^ 

25 [Doc. No. 

The CoQiDiittee c&n discover notiiiiig in tliis section wHidt, 
}^l3ces the City Charter beyond the reach of legislath'e powr" 
hat rather aihnils Uic right to amend. 

The tburteeDth section of the same article is supposed 
bave a more immediate bearing on the subject, aiid is as fo!- 
lows : " All grants of land within this Slate made by the king 
of Great Britain, or persons acting under his auliiorily, after 
the ibuneentli day of October, 1775, shall be null aud void ; 
but nothing contaiiicd in this Constitution shall aiTect any 
grants of land within this State made by the authority of the 
«aid king <^ his predecessors, or shall anuul any Charters or 
bodies politic and Corporate by him or them made before that 
<lay i or shall affect any such grants or Charters since made 
hy this State, or by persons acting under its autliorily ; or shaH 
iinpair the obligation of any debts contracted by the State, or 
todividuals, or bodies Corporate, or any other rights of property 
-or any suits, actions, rights of action, (ff other proceedings ' 
cotiTts of justice." 

it appears to the Committee that this section (as well as the 
tile 3Sth section of tiie old Constitutioa, from which it was in 
1>art borrowed,) was inserted from abundant caution on the 
pari of the framers of the Constitution. 

It was not intended to resolve the State, wilii all its institu- 
tiona and municipal regulations, into the original elements of 
society ; but on the contrary to secure such rights as existed at 
tlie commencement of itie revolution, and to give full effect to 
the acts and auihoritiea of the royal Government previous to 
lliat time ; the Goveronicnt of this State taking the place 
the royal Government, and vested with all its powers, pri' 
leges, and immunities. 

The Constitution, Iherefoi-e, -secui-ed all private and Corpo- 
rate nights, leaving it to the Legislature to exercise such legis- 
lative powers as might have been exercised 1^ the king and 
Parliament, t-v I'voviacial Government. 
- Tliis section docs not, ui the opinion of the Committee, i 
tlraift ^ li^slature from making such alleratinns to the C 
Charter as shall be deemed moRt expedienf- 



Doc. No. 3.] 26 

It is iioi the Conslilution that annuls or inodiBes charteraA| 
lights, but the action of the Legislature in cases conlempl&ta 
by the framers of the CooslitiitioD. 

With these general remarks, the Committee proceed to s 
8Wer the interrogatories submitted to them by the resolutioh 
of the Senate. And first, they answer ; that in their opinion, 
the power given lo the Corporation of the City of New- York, 
by the Charier, lo appoint and regulate the Measurers of 
Grain, is an exclusive power, until otherwise regulated or di- 
rected by tlie Legislature. The Charter is saved and confirmed 
by the Constitution of the State, but the Legislature may annul 
and modify it at pleasure. 

Second. The Legislature may exercise a concurrent or an 
exclusive power, and may pri^bit the Corporation froni regu- 
lating the conduct and appointment of Measurers of Grain. 

Third. The Committee have already expressed an opinion 
that the people of the State of New-York stand in the same 
relation to Uic City of New-York, in regard to its Corporate 
rights, as tJic king and royal Guvernnient of Great Britain did, 
prior to the revolution ; and that as successors to the royal 
Government, the Legislature may exercise sovereign power in 
amending the Ciiy Charter. 

With these general views, if it be necessary to express a 
definite opinion upon the interrogatory contained in the third 
proposition submitled to the Committee, as to " what is the 
legal interpretation of tliat clause in the Charter of said City, 
which says, that the Corporation of New-York shall hold, ex- 
ercise, and enjoy all their power and privileges without any 
hindrance and molestation T" The Commiitee suppose it may 
be legally interpreted by conceding that those privileges shall 
be enjoyed free from the hindrance or molestation of all per- 
s<3as, or Corporate bodies unauthorized by the Legislature. 

In their opinion it was not intended to restrict legislative 
power ; but until such power is exerted, the Committee sup- 
pose it delegated to the Corporators to be enjoyed and exer- 
cised without liindrance or molestation, until resumed or other- 
wise delegated by the Legislature. 

27 [Doc. No. 3. 1 

The Committee believe that they have now fully answered i 
Ifae questions submitted to ibem, and the views expressed 1 
them are respectfully submitted to the consideration of th& i 

The Committee, in conclusion, will barely remark, that th* J 
•xercise of legislative powers, where it interferes with corpo^ \ 
late rights, is a delicate exercise of power, and should not b« 
Rsorted to unless the public interest will be greatly subservedj 

Ch'n Jud. Committee. 

Pursuant to the principles of tliese documents, the Legtala- 
im%, on the fourteenth day of April, 1832, passed the Act, en- 
titled. An Act regulating the measuring of Grain in the City 
of New-York ; the first section of which is as follows, that is 
to say : The Governor shall nominate, and, with the consent * 
of the Senate, appoint a Measurer General, and not less than ' 
lor more than twenty Measurers of Grain, in the City of ' 
New- York, who shall hold their offices for two years from the - 
dste of their appointment. 

By the fifth section of the Act, it is further provided, that 

I person, except those appointed in pursuance of this Act, < 
Aall measure any Grain within tlie City of New- York, for t 
hire, pay or reward, under the penalty of twenty-five dollar^ 

be recovered by any person who shall sue for the same. 

The Measurers of Grain now in office, in the said City, ' 
Aall Continue to discharge the duties of their offices, until 
other Measurers shall have been sworn in. 

Section 13. This Act shall take effect immediately on the i 

issage thereof.— Laws of 1S32, pp. 218. 319. 

The following proceedings have been had in the Commoo i 
Council, relative to the questions which have been raised under < 
this Act ; that is to s.iv : 

Doc, No. 3.] 28 

On the 28lh day of May. 1^33. a potitioa D 
the Board of Aldermen, in b^i»lf of Josiah Smith, one of t 
Measurers of Grain, relerring to the above Act, and complai 
ing that prosecutions had been commenced under the Meas- 
urer General against one of the Measurers sppointad by the 
Common Council, and stating that he had been informod that 
the Corporation had detenninod to trj' tl»e constiiutiociality "1 
that law, and praying that they would adopt such measures as 
they might deem expedient 

This petition nas referred to the Law Committee, wli<> 
never made any report thereon. 

Again, on Uie Stli day of September. 1833, a similar 
petition was presented by John Herbert and Josiah Smith- 
City Measurers, repcoiii^ their conip'^icits, and asking the aid 
of the Common Council. Previoufl lo the prcseulalion of ihcii 
last memorial, and on the founh day of February, 1833, a 
memorial was presented hy tlkc mcrehants, dt^alers in Grain, in 
which, after setting out what they considered to be a griev- 
ance in this matter, they conclude by te<iuf;sling tlio Common 
Council to take suub measures as may be rei|uisite for petition- 
ing the Legislature to repeal llic «bove Act. This memorial 
was referred lo tlic Committee Oh Laws and Applications to 
the Legislature. It does not appear, however, that any step 
was ever taken by tlie Committee on Laws, In relation to either 
of these memorials, neiUicr has any report been niadc ibereon. 
Aftctwards, on the fiftli day of rchrnarj-, 1S3-1, a petition 
was presented by Joshua Sutton, one of iho City Measurers, 
represunliiig that he had been prosecuted by Sainncl Saterlee. 
the Measurer General, for the penally of S'J^.Jor measuriiij^ 
I Grain under a commission given him by llie Cumiuon Coun- 
cil, for a violation of the Slate Law ; tliala judgiiteat had becii 
obtained against him fur iIh- [jcnalty and cosia, before one of 
the Assistant Justices ; that the r^usc, by ordgr of the Com- 
mpn Council, had been carried up to the Superior Court by the 
Attorney of the Corporation, m here the judgment was affinned, 
and further costi taxed against him to the sum of forty dollars, 

K. No. 3.W^ 

29 [Doc, 

or there abom ; upon ishioti an execuiion had issued against 
his property, which was then advertised for sale by the Sheriff; 
and deairing that his property might be released by the pay- 
ment of the money — whereupon it was resolved that the same 
should be psid. This resolution being concurred in by the 
Board of Assistants, it was approved by the Mayor on thfi 
19th day of February, 1834. 

Under this resolution, the Comptroller paid the sum of 
10 satisfy their judgment. 

In the case of Mr. Batterman. now under consideration, the 
Committee do not pciceive any difference, on the ground of 
principle; as the two cases primitively stood, they possess the 
' same merits ; and the siim sworn to, by Mr. Balterman, as 
having been paid by him in liis defence, is one hundred and 
eight dc^lars and seventy-five cents ; besides which, he has 
suffered seventeen days imprisonment. The Committee are 
therefore constrained to recommend the repayment to Mr. 
Batterman of the amount so expended by him. 

It is impossible, however, for the Committee to acquiesce in 
tlie propriety of this resistance to the State Law, so made un- 
der the authority of the Common Council ; they would rather 
recommend a respectful remonstrance to the State Legislature, 
lo repeal that Law, if indeed it be unconstitutional in its pro- 
visions, which, however, they cannot admit. The following 
resolutions are proposed for consideration : 

Resolved, That the Comptroller draw his warrant hi favor 
of Henry Batterman, for one hundred and eight dollars and 
seventy-five cents, in full, for the moneys expended by him in 
his defence in the matter aforesaid. 

Retolved, That all further litigation of this question at the 
public expense, be discontinued. 

Kotoloed, That all persons holding appointments as Meas- 
urers of Grain, under the Common Council of the City of New- 
York, be notified by the Clerk, that, from henceforth, they 
M^iionform tiiemselves to the State Law on this subject; 
i the Corporation will not pay the expenses of any legal 

30 [Doc. No. 3. 

prooeedinga which may be intitnted for vidatioiit of the Act 
ti^gnkting the measuring of Grain in the Ci^ of New-Yoik» 
oommttted after the adopticm of this resolution. 

Respectfully submitted, 




BOARD OF]»is:x. 

MAY 26, 1834. 

IV Finanee Commitlet: presented the following Report, to- 
gOhar with a Law rei/iiiring Officers who receive fees ijiatead 
of talaty, to make Report of the same half yearly, which 
was read and ordered to be pi-inted. 


^w Finance Committee, to whom was refeircd the annexed 
) RescJution, 

Raolved, That it is expedient to require all Officers, ap- ' 

I pmnled by the Common Council, who derive their compenaao ' 

I tioo from fees, to make a written Report, under oath, to ths- I 

Comptroller, once in every three months, of the whole amount 

of fees received by or due to them, for the previous quailer, 


That they have given to the subject due deliberation, and 

have ascerl^ned that the number of Othcers, appointed by tbfr 

, C<Hnmon Council, vho derive their compensation from feei^ 

is very large, and lliat the respective fees are regulated and 

^M fixed without satisfactory information of the amount they may 

^1 ^Id. Thp consequence may be. and probably is, that in 



JUNE 9, 1834. 

Tkc Comiiiillce on Streets, to toliCm had been referred t 
Petition of sundry owners and occupants of properi 
in the Boiocrif. praijing that nieasuits might be taken i 
prevrnt the llnrlrrm Hail Road Company from layh 
another line of Rails on the street, and front running the 
Cars on the Sabbath, presented the following Report, loAu 
KVM laid on the tnhle, and directed to lie printed, ti 
with (hi: Petitions for and licmonslrances against. 

J. MORTON, Clerk.,;,! 

Tlie Street Committee, to whom was referred the Petitioilj 
vf suntlr}' owners and occupants of property on and in the 
neigliborhoiNl of the Dowcrj', jiraj'ing thai the Common Coun- 
cil should ukc measuras to prevent tiic Harl.i:m Rail Road 
Coinpauy from further encumhering Uic sli-eet, by an t 
lional line of raijs or turn outs, and from being a nuisance 1 
the public on the Sabbatli, rospectfully 


That ihey have had some of the Petitioners, as well as some 
lUembcrB of the Harljem Kail Road Company, before them, 
and have atlentivelv heard and consideied the sfatcmenls of 

Doc. No. 5.] 36 

both parties. From the representations of the Petitioners, it 
would appear that their principal objection against the Coni' 
pany arises from the fact, that on Sundays a large number of 
persons collect in the Bowery, near the termination of the Rail 
Road track, for the purpose of riding in the cars, which occa- 
sions inconvenience to the inhabitants residing in that neigh- 
borhood, and passing to and from church ; and they apprehend 
that this inconvenience may be increased if the Company should 
be permitted to lay a double track through the street. The 
gentlemen who have appeared before the Committee, in sup- 
p«Ct of the Petition, have repregented this concoarse of peopl6> 
flrilortil^ to that particular place, on the Sabbath, as a public 
nuisance. It does not appear that any inconvenience arises 
from this cause on the other days of the week ; but it is alleged 
that the track itself renders it difficult for carriages to use the 
street at all times, and the Petitioners object, therefore, against 
a second track being laid. 

On looking into the charter of the Harla^m Rail Road Com- 
pany, as originally granted in 1831, and as amended in 1832, 
it appears that due care was taken to secure to the Corporation 
of this City a proper control as to the streets through which 
the Company should be allowed to lay their Rail Ways^ and 
as to the manner in which they should use the same, and in 
the exercise of that power, the Common Council, in the per- 
mission which they gave to have a Rail Way constructed 
down the Bowery, as far as Prince street, reserved to tbem- 
aehres the right of even ordering the rails to be removed, should 
tbey afterwards determine that the same were injurious to the 
puUic interests. The Common Council have, therefore, suffi- 
cient authority to regulate the proceedings of this Company 
in such a way as the interests of the community may require ; 
and while on the one hand, it is their duty to sec that no 
abuses grow out of the privileges granted to the Company^ 
they are on tlie other bound, in good faith, to those who have 
invested large sums of money, and encountered many diffi- 
culties in the construction of a road for the public accommo- 
cbtion, as contemplated by their charter, to require clear and 



rvKameiory evidence that ilie coDveuience of ilic public woul 
lie best consulted by taking from the (-'onipanj' any of tbo 
\ privileges, or by imposing restrictions upon them calculated t^J 
I abridge the advantages from which they are to derive remi^ 
1 Iteration. 

The Committee have no doubt of the fact, that, on Sundayjk 
I inconvenience has been felt by persons passing in the streefa! 
[ from the number of llie people who have met there for tl 

purpose of using the cars, and who have occasionally beeiL 
\ detained until tlicy could be accommodated witfi seats ; and IM] 
' rery fiict of such a concourse of pci'sons being collected then 
for that purpose, miglit be urged to shew tiiat the Harla^m Rai 
Road is a public accommodation. It is said, however, t 
I such assemblages of persons arc attended with noise and d 
order, unbecoming the Sabbath, and oifensive to well 
posed people. If this be the case, the Committee woulil 
1 SDggest the propriety of regulating such evils by the presenceTJ 
L of proper Sunday officers, and of requiring the Company ^ 
I defray their compensation ; but they are clearly of opinitHin 
I tiiat Ae Common Council ought not to interfere upon the mer( 
I ground that an unusual number of persons resort to the use 
[ the Rail Road cars on Sunday, whether it be for tlie purpoa^ 
[ of recreation or business. It is impossible, without infrin^ 
upon tiic private rights of citizens, lo prevent peaceable : 
cemblages of people on that day more than on any other ii 
week, and if llie Common Council should prohibit Uie runnJi ^ 
of the Rail Road cars on Sunday, because they aflbrd facllitiei. 
for amusement on that day, to persons so disposed, they migh^,. 
k with equal propriety, forbid the lessees of the different ferriei 
[ to ply thair boats on the Sabbath. 

The Common Council are bound to preserve the peace and 
enforce obedience to the laws at all times, and beyond this it 
■would not, in the opinion of the Committee, be expedient for^ 
tbcm to attempt to impose restiictions upon the habits or dedrenifS 
of any portion of the public. ^J 

. In regard to the free use of tlie street by ordinary vchlcl^^| 
I being impeded by tlie Rail Way, now laid in the Bowery, imS 

Doc. Ifo. 5.] 38 

Committee do believe that more care is required in driving 
carriages in that part of the street, than if the rails were not 
there, particularly in crossing the rails, it being necessary to 
cross as nearly at right angles as possible, to avoid an unjdeai- 
ant and (m case of very rapid driving) possibly an injurious 
collision between the rails and the wheels — this, howeveri has 
not been a subject of much complaint, and as the Bowery is a 
very wide street, leaving ample room on each side of the rail 
track for other carriages to pass freely, it requires but little care 
to avoid all difficulty from the rails. 

If the running of the Rail Road cars affords any publiccoB. 
venience, it would, in the opinion of the Committee, far ovei^ 
balance any inconvenience to otlier carriages, from the existence 
of the rails ; and in this respect, the same principle which haa 
established the use of accommodation stages, in various parta 
of the city, and especially in Broadway, although they evi- 
dently impede and embarrass the progress of all other carriages, 
may with propriety be applied to the Rail Road track in the 

It would appear, that the Company have lately laid what has 
been by some called a second track, for a short distance, near 
the junction of the Bowery with Prince street, and this has 
been considered as an additional ground of complaint on the 
part of the Petitioners. The Committee have ascertained, 
however, that this additional or second track is a mere turn 
out, intended to prevent delays at the present termination of 
the rails, and thus to remedy, in a great measure, the incon- 
venience to all parties, arising from the persons using the Rail 
Road cars, being detained and collected together in that par- 
ticular spot. This turn out cannot, tnercfore, be viewed as a 
second track, but as a useful appendage to the single line of 
rails already laid, and the efiect of it should be to obviate the 
principal cause of complaint urged by the Petitioners. 

On the whole view of this subject, therefore, as taken by the 
Committee, they do not perceive the necessity or propriety of 
any present interference by the Common Council. The Com- 
pany have not, as yet, in any way that they can discover, 

[Doc. No. 5. , 

violated iheir covenants with ihe Corporation, and il' the enei> 
dae of their present privileges amounts, as has been alleged by 
the Petitioners, to a public nuisance, the law indicates a mode 
of having it so declared and treated as such. The Petitioners . 
have a right to lay their complaints on this subject before the 
proper tribunal, and if the result of such a proceeding should 
establish the trudi of their charge, the Common Council would 
then be justified in improving remedial restrictions upon th6 

The Committee think that it is due not only to the Company, 
but to that portion of the public who may use and derive accom- 
modation from the Rail Road cars, as at present regulated, to 
allow a complaint assuming this technical and serious cbarac- , 
ler, to take that course, and that by so doing, the Common < 
CouticU will observe an impartial and unobjectionable course 
towards alt {>arties. 

With these views, your Committee respectfully submit the 
ioUowing resolution : 

Reaoloed. That it is not eipedient for the Common CouncU • 
to take any further order upon the subject of tlie said Pfeti- 


To the Umorabk Hie Common Cqtmcil of tJu Cily of 

New- York 

The Petition of the undersigned, owners and oocupaoU of 
property on and in the neighborhood of the Bowery, lespedr 
fully call your attention to tlie situation of that street, at and . 
above Prince street, and the very great injury your Petif 
doners will suffer, if the proposed plan of the HarUem JRaU 
Road Company J to lay an additional line <^ rails or turn outs, 
be carried into effect Your Petitioners are convinced, that 
the present single track is a very serious injury to their prop- 
erty, and also a great nuisance to the public, particularly oa 
the Sabbath. They would therefore ask your honorable 
body, to take such measures as will prevent the said Com- 
pany from further incumbering so public a street ; and aha 
to remedy existing evils ; and, as in duty bounds your Poti* 
tioners will ever pray. 

G. H. Warner, Nos. 193, 285, 287, 280, 376, and 378 Bowery; 
* 353, 365, 366, 304 and 408 Fourth street ; 6 lots on 3d 
Avenue, near Bowery. 

S. F. Williams, 374 Bowery, house and 5 lots, 2 lots Fourth 
street, near Bowery. 

R. Stebbins, house 402 Fourth street, and lot ; also, lot in the 
rear, on Third street. 

P. G. Stuyvesant. 

Gilbert Coutant, 430 Bowcr>', 4 lots. 

Samuel Sargent, 409 Bowery, 2 lots. 

Daniel Burhall, house and lot on Bowery, and 5 lots 2d Ave- 
nue and 4th street 

James Stephenson, 280 Bowery. 

M. Benedict, 274 Bowery. 

Daniel C. Boughton, 266 Bowery. 

N. W. Badeau, 260 Bowery. 

Jolm Raynor, 276 Bowery. 

Jacob Weeks, Jr. 4 houses and lots in 4th street, 3 do. in Eliz- 
abeth street. 


■ Tt 

41 fOoc. No. 5. 

Jiio. H. Poillon, house aiiJ lut iji Houston street, near j 

J. H. Wateriwuse, 278 Bowery. 
Benjn. Field, 233 Bowery. 
Jos. E. Taylor, house and lot corner Houston street and 

L«wis Doty, 1 lot on Bowery, No. 347. 
Allen Woddle, 1 lot on Bowciy, No. 317. 
Henry C. Sperry, 2 lots on Bowery, Nos. 353 and 3!j9. 
John Bleekman, 357 Bowery. 
Charles WoUcn, 2 lots, 475 and 477 Bowery. 
Abel S. Smith, 257 Bowery. 
Jesse Baldwin, Jr. 36! Bowery. 
Jonathan Moll. 349 Bowery. 
Joseph Graham, Jr. 348 Bowery. 
John Blackelt, 364 Bowery. 
Eben. Fisk, 882 Bowcrj-. 

W. R. Cone, 7 lots, Bowery and Fourth sirecl. > 
Peter Palmer, 2 lots, Bowery and 2d street. i 

William Vonck, 340 Bowery, house and lot. 
Abratn Han, 335 Bowery, lease, house and lot, 
James Blackstock, house and three lots on Bowery. 
S. Cowdrey, 410 Fourth street. 
Andrew Wheeler, 261 and 260 Bowery. 
Jacob Aims, 3 lots Fourth street and Bowery. 
Elizabeth Fish, by Hamilton Fish, 10 lots on Stuy vesant aoA j 

Fourth streets. 
Hamilton Fish, Stuyvesanl street. 

Geo. C. Thcmas, St. Mark's place, and lots on flth atreet. 
Robert Munson, 255 Bowery. 
C. W. Timpson, 279 Bowery. 
Richard Oakley, house and 2 lots, Fourth street near Bow^ ] 

James Crumble, comer of Bowery and Fourth atreet. 
Geo. Bowen, house and lot. Fourth street, near Bowery. 
John A. Morton, Jr. 10 Albion place. 
Thos. A. Ronalds. 15 Bond street. 

42 [Doc. No. 5* 

C. Boudinot, 58 Bleecker street 
Henry Havens, 182 Fourth street 
John A. Bunting, house and lot, 43 Bleecker street 
Joseph Brewster, house and lot, 361 Foi]urdi street 
R. Havens, La&yette place, for a law to prevent bodi nuis- 

Frederick A. Gay, 43 Bleecker street 

Allen W. Dodge, 45 Bleecker street 

Jas Bogart, jr. 46 Bleecker street 

Geo. Douglass, 57 Bleecker street 

John Aspinwall, 60 Bleecker street 

Evert A. Duyckinck, 56 Bleecker street 

James Copland, 23 Bleecker street 

P. Gassner, 241 Mulbery, near Prince street 

James G. Haviland, 277 Bowery. 

Mead Wheeler, house and 2 lots on Fourth street 

Phelps & Peck, about 75 lots on Bowery, Sd, 4th and 5lh 

B. R. Winthrop. 

Andrew Thompson, 334 Bowery. 

Wm. Mernell, 365 Bowery. 

F. A. Thayer, 375 Bowery. 

Jas. H. Pinkney, 371 Bowery. 

Henry Farmer, 369 Bowery. 

O. E. Hosmer, 46 Great Jones street 

Fairman Lott, 302 Bowery. 

Wm. Couch, 50 Bleecker street 

L. G. Curtis, 

Micah Baldwin, 48 Bleecker street 

Abijah Fisher, 52 Bleecker street 

R. C. Ludlow. 172 Fourth street 

Simeon Hyde, 401 Fourth street 

John Perrin, 332 Bowery. 

Samuel Nichols, house and 2 lots on Fourth street 

John C. Totten, 362 Bowery. 

Henry Palman, 417 Bowery. 

Edmund Griffin, 360 Bowery. 



To the Honorable the Common Council of tfie City of ^ 

We the undersigned, owners of property, and residents on tba 
Bowery and its immediate vicinity, do not consider the mi* 
gle track of mils, nor the running of the cars any way inju- 
rious to our interest ; but think the conveyance in Rail Road 
Cars a great public convenience. 

Jacob H. Wyckoff, 27J Bowery. 
Peler Farmer, 272 Bowery. 
Michael Wallace, 280 Bowery. 
Joshua Moore, 305 Bowery. 
Junes L. Stratton, 360 Bowery. 
W. Cramsey, 319 Bowery. 
Benjamin Prescott, 323 Bowery- 
Jacob Van Pelt. IJ Second street. 
T. Russ Hibbard, M. D. 228 Bowery, 
Wm. Cavern, 2224 Bowery, Dry Good Dealer. 
Peter Campbell, Stanton street, near Bowery. 
Wm. S. Degrushe and Wm. Haywood, 250 Bowery. 
Joseph Crane. 
John Farrington, Bowery. 
James Bonnet, jr. 
John Boscawen, near Bowery. 
John Blachctt, 364 Bowery, 
John Raynor, 276 Bowery. 
Thos. W. Montgomery. 270 Bowery- 
Ernest Keyser, 3 1 1 Bowery. 
Martin Ficken. 247 Bowery. 
Richard Allen, 253 Bowery. 
William Wagstaff, 239 Bowery 

44 [Doc. No. 5. 

John Ridley, 229 Bowery. 

A. Turner, Yorkville. 

Anthony Amoux, house and several lots, Yorkville. 

John F. Jackson, Bowery, 215, 210, 225, 223. 

A. A. Alend, 4 lots Bowery, corner of Stanton street, 349f 

251, and 253. 
James Glemmcl, Administrator of the estate of Daniel Ensley 

deceased, 186 Bowery. 
Ificbael Devin, 195 Bowery. , 

OlHrer White, 166^ Bowery. 
J0l0ph Caiuwellf 191 Boweiy. 
Ckpyjes Aubxj, 246 Boweiy. 
F^ H. Lane, Bowery and Tenth street 
E. F. Maynard» M. D. 252 Bowery. 
John Wilson, 131 Bowery. 
Jonathan P. Hick, 200 Bowery. 
Henry James Shaw, 204 Bowery. 
Henry Sherry, 204 Bowery. 
John Nicholson, 212^ Bowery. 
Josiah Mills, Bowery. 
Charles Whitehead Timpson, 279 Bowery. 
Cornelius Marsh, 277 Bowery. 
Lewis M. Day, 282 Bowery. 
Samuel R. Frederick, 223 Bowery. 
Thomas Woodruff, 329 Bowery. 
Samuel Hawkins. 322 Bowery. 
Benjamin Ferris, 318 Bowery. 
George A. Sharp, 837 Bowery. 

B. F. G. Aurble. 

l& .Q/i. . 

To the Honorable the Common Council of the City o 
New- York. 

We the undersigned, residents or owners of the respectitf 
places opposite our ntunes, have travelled on the line of ll 
New- York and Harlaini Rail Road Company, and beliei 
the same to be of very great utility to the public, '. 
for their pleasure and business. Wo therefore solicit 1 
Honorable the Common Council not to impede the o 
tions of said Company, so long as they continue aa b 
to promote the convenience of the public. ' ' •'■ .'■■'(^•l 

Dated New-York June 4, 1834. 

I. Russell, Charlton street. 

R. M. Blackwell, 13 Pike street. 

J. L. Wright, 74 Leonard street. 

James Clelond, 138 Front street. 

Francis Price. 

And. MartJDc, 4GI Houston street 

Francis Nicholson, Bowery. 

John Newhouae, 13(i Water street 

Wm. B. Read, 178 Grand street, 

D. D. Wright, 13 Suffolk street. 

Henry Adams, East Broadway. 

Henry Carlton, 131 Broom street. 

W. K. Newton. 221 Delancy street. 

Josep* P. Turner, 203 Division street. 

Timothy I. Dyre. 

Joseph Dixon. 

C. B. Areher. M. D. 2.1 Spring street. 

Doc. No. 5.] 


Dr. L. Roe, 1S8 Ddancy ttreet 

RoU. Abel, 87 Wootter ttreet 

bad Hawley, 183 Madison street 

Jml E. H<4iiiei^ ISl Madison street 

J. BlaekweB, corner East Broadway and Rutgers a 

Mioboiaii & Firamann, Twen^-third stnet, 4ik An 

Win* i^oodf HariMn* 

Alpheos £Hiemian» 


Wwu ^ d si anK aoiMr WasU^glw and S^snog street. 
M. Dyettt 914 WgoMr ftnet 



JUNE 9. imi. 

77(t Street Committee presented t/ic following Rt^i 
proposition to rcjtave bih itrcat from \st to %d Avenue, 
ivhich vkiii adoplcil. 

J. MORTON, Clerk. 


The Street Commitlee, lo wbom was referred the licst^u- 
tiua bercuoto uppendcd, direcljng Ihu taking up and repaying 
of Fifth street, from the Second to liu; First Avenue, respect- 


That, in order to a clear and prmn^r undorsianiling of tJiis aub-, 
jecl, it is necessary to stale the circumstances which have led 
to the introduction of the above mentioned proposition. 

Several years since, a plan for the general regulation of that 
part of the City, lyiu;^ between North sireot and Tliirtecnth 

Doc. No. 6.] 48 

street, and extending from the Bowery road to tlic East River, 
was fixed and adopted by the then Common Council. 

By this plan, it was determined, that the graduation of all 
the streets, within tliosc limits, leading from tlic Bowery to tlw 
East River, should be of one inclined plane, witli a deso^it of 
tluree fourths of an ijSbh in every ten feet, commencing at the 
Bowery Road, which was taken as the sununit level, and' 
inclining easterly, so as to discharge all the waters, in ill 
cases, over the surface of each of the streets, respectively, into 
the East River, at the easterly side of Tompkins street, which, 
according to the plan of the City, was the exterior or mai^ginal 

lit {Airstiaficc of this regulation, as then agreed upon, ani in 
conformity therewith, the portion of Fifth street, now under 
consideration, (viz. from the Second to tlie First Avenue) wa« 
pitched and i)avcd, and tlic assessment laid, wliich was con- 
firiued by the Common Council, placed in the hands of the 
Cojlcctor, tlic whole amount collected from the owners of the 
lots, rospoctivu!y, paid over by him into tlie City Treasury* 
and tlie account dciinitcly settled and closed on the books of 
the Street Commissioner's office. 

Shortly after, however, doubts began to be entertained as to 
tlie expediency, or even the practicabilty, of continuing the 
plan of graduation so adopted ; the facts and circumstances 
which were developed in the prosecution thereof, were of such 
a nature as to shew, that if it was persevered in, the quantity 
of earth, required to fill up the Jots and streels, was so enor> 
nious as to preclude the possibility of obtaining it, for a very 
long period, and even then but at such a price as would amount 
to an entire confiscation of a large number of the lots. 

Under these ombarrassinf]; circumstances, the subject waf 
again brought before tlio notice of the f 'Onimon Council, who, 
after long and solemn dc liberation, finally came to a decision 
thereon. By this decision, the previous plan was abandoned 
as im})racticable, and a now regulation adopted, ditfering es- 
sentially from the former, by making Avenue C. the general 

49 [Doc. No. q. 

recipient of all the waters, in lieu of taking llicio over tb? 
surface of the streets, rospcctivcly. to the Tlii-or; and, by 
this means, lowering the surfaces of tlic streets, and conse- 
cjuently tlic lots, in many instances several feet ; so much so 
ag to lessen the quantity of earth required, hy several millions 
of cart loads, and llioreby reduced the amount of money then 
estimated as ticcessary to fill up and complete the regulation 
oi ibal part of tlie ("ity, according to llic first plan, nearly a 
million of dollars. 

Tiie bencficid eonsctiuenccs arising from tlie substitution of ' 
the plan last mentioned, have Iiecomc apjiarent ; a very consid- 
erable number of buildings have recently been creeled, and 
many more arc about to be commenced ; and tEiere is at pre- 
aenl a lair and reasonable prospect, that, at no distant period, 
that section of the City will have surmounted and overcome 
jhe difficulties under wiiich it baa for several years past labored. 
There is yel another consideration involved in this matter, 
^ whidi it is just and proper lo ask the attention of the Board, 
K^ln order llial notliing may be kept out of view whicb may U? 
I ^coosidorod as coniiericd with tlic subject. By an orduiancc of 
I the Common Cmuicil. p.iss<>d on ^iw. -iSd day of Noveraber, 
1824, it wns liierein declared, that all sli-ecls, or pai ts of sli^cts 
which should thence afujrwards be ciither newly paved or re- 
. paved, and tlic expen»! thereof be asscfwcd on the owijers. of 
the adjoining lots, should from that time Ibiward be rep^v^ 
,tDd kept in repair at the cost of tlic City, and not at tl^ cost 
of the owners of lots fronting thereon — and in order to a»cer- 
ttin at all times what jmrticular streets ore entitled to this 
^vilege, a register designating alt such, is kept in the Street 
(Commissioner's office. The forllnn of Fifth street under con- 
[ .^lideralion was paved and paid for by the owners of th* lota 
fronting thereon, since tiic passage of the law abfjve men- 
|(tioi|od,oiid might at first yght be supposed |.. ]„.■ ijirindcd 
, witbin iis pfovia^ionit., 

In ordiir, tiuwcver, to :»n:rrlam jjc ini^' • i.],,,fi.i< uui, >,i liir 
cirdinimcc. :iiiil in surrvc iit ;i jiist ni-ocliinii'ii wiiii rvK^-ijl tf^il* 

Doc. No. (>.] M 

cflect on tlic liiibilrties i>r iJio Cominon Councit In uic 
case, application has been made to tlic Counsel of the Corpo- 
ration, for his advice as to tlic jiropcr mode of proceeding, 
and whether it is com|)ctent for the Common Council to pass 
the uatial ordinance, directing the repuving of the street in the 
eustomary \vn\-, to which he Ims replied, that, in his judgment, 
the obligations imp^jsed on llic Corporation by the ordinance 
of November, 18^4. apply only to such rcriavemcnt as is ren- 
dered necessary from the ordinary wear and tear of tlie street, 
and not to any case like the present, where the taking up and 
relaying of the pavement is rendered necessary by an altera- 
tion in the pitcjj of the street, arising out of circmnstanccs 
which it was not possible to foresee, in anticipation. 

Your Cninmittcc fee! tliat they must njiologise to the Board 
for consuming so much of their time, in attending to the de- 
tails of a f|uestion apparently of so little importance aa tiic 
repaving of a small section of sliecl \ but it will, on reflection, 
be perceived that a very imi>ortunt principle of action is in- 
volved, as to tlie liabilities of the public authorities, arising out 
t>f one of liieir own ordinances ; hence your Committee have 
fcltvcry strongly the duty imi)oscd on them, of staling lo the 
Board all the facts connected with the proposition. 

The usual notice has been given by advertisement from the 
Street Commissioner's office, calling on the parties concerned 
to present any objections they might have against the repaving 
of the sireet, but none have been oflered ; yet it is very possi- 
ble, and perhaps probable, tliat after ti»c work is done, and tho 
new assessment made, when the owners are called upcm to 
pay, objections may then be interix>scd, arising out of a. mis- 
taken construction of the ordinance. 

It is absolutely indisjxtnsabic to take up the pavement and 
lower the pitch of Uic street, so as to conform to tlie pave- 
ment of tiie First Avenue, as there is now a precipitous fall of 
about four feet at the intersection of tltc street and avenue, 
which is dangerous for iJic jiaasage of wheel carriages, and 
more especially so diuing the niglil 

I 51 [Doc. No. 6. 

Under all the circumstances, your Committee arc of opin- 
ion, the passage of tlie resolution is necessary', and tlicy ao- ^ 
cordingly recommend its adoption. 

Retolved, That the paving of that part of Fifth street lay- 
ing between First and Second Avenue, be taken up and re- 
placed, in conformity with the present paving of Jst Avenue, 
under the direction of the Street Commissioner, who is hcrebjr J 

directed to carrv the s. 

e into eflect 

Committee on Streets. 

il t./ . s.*I 


i •: I t 




JUNE 9, 1834. 

The Joint Committee on Streets and Public Lands and Placet, 
to whom had been ruferred the subject of improving "Dmtp- 
kina Si/aarc. prcaaUed the foUamng ticjmrt, whieh loas read 
laid on Uie tabic find directed to be printed. 

-T. MORTON. Clerk. 

The Joiot Committee on Streets, aiid Public Lands aad 
Plflaces, to whom was referred the subject uf improvi^ Totnp- 
■ I tins square, respectfully 


^That they hrtve had this very iinjK.rtaiil suijjecl under conaide- 

ifttion, and the better to enable them to judge correctly in the 

I, a tnajoriiy of ihcm have visited the spot and have 

e siich examination and inquiries, as were in their opinient 

I'leqmate and necessary. 

An application was made by ihc Conmion Council, to the 
[ Legislature uf the Stale, for permission so far to alter the plan 
[ tif tbtt City, 3S to lay out a Public Square, in the eleventh 
I ^ai^ to be bounded on the south-west by SevciitJi street, oa 
V 4e Kulb-east by Avenue h. ou tJie north-eaat by TenliiaViMA, 


Doc. No. 7.] 54 

and on the north-west by Avenue A. An Act having been 
passed for this purpose, the Counsel of the. Board was directed 
to take the necessary measures, to have Cc»nmissioners of Es- 
timate and Assessments appointed by the Supreme Court, in 
order that the said ground might l)c vested in the Mayor, Alder- 
men and Commonalty of the City of New- York, as and for a 
public place ; the assessments having been reported to the Su* 
preme Court, was confirmed after strong efforts on the part of 
the persons whose lands were taken for the purpose, alleging 
that the amount allowed tliem was far short of the real value 
ct the property, of which they would be dispossessed 

TIfe amount awarded by the Commissioners, together with 
the costs, and wliich has l)ecn assessed by them on the adja- 
cent property, is $03,172 10, and must be paid from the City 
Treasurj', on the first day of October next. 

A large portion of tiiis amount has been assessed on property 
in the immediate vicinity, wliich has heretofore been considered 
of very small viduo, many of the lots wliich, two years ago, 
would not sell lor over two hundred dollars, arc now assessed 
for this improvement nearly four hundred dollars ; tlie expense 
of paving and regulating the streets, and tlie necessary filling 
to be done on the lots before they are in a situation to build 
upon, will in some cases amount to between tliree and four 
hundred dollars more. 

Notwithstanding these enormous amounts, the holders of the 
lots appear sanguine that tliey will be able to pay all their 
assessments, and the iniprovuincnt ultimately prove beneficial, 
both to themselves anil tlic City at large, if the square can be 
immediately filled in, fenced and planted with trees and shrubs, 
so as to make the improvement apparent and tangible, but 
should it be delayed for an indefinite period, then indeed will 
tfiis already most unfortunate part of the Island be doomed 
to utter despair, and the expenditures which have already taken 
place in the filling of streets and avenues be deemed in a mea- 
sure useless. 

Your Committee coincide witli tlie opinion of the lot holders, 
as above expressed ; it cannot be denied that a considerable 

[Doc. No. 7. 

' amount must be advanced from the Treasury, in order to im- 
prove the square, yet in so doing the lots in the vicinity will 
in all probability be so greatly enhanced in vaSue, that instead 
of the tax now assessed upon them yearly, of twenty-five or 
thirty cents each, the first year after die improvement is 
pleted, a sum of not less than ten dollars a year, may be as- 
sessed and collected on the lots alone ; four hnes of magnificent 
buildings, surrounding this square, to cost from six to ten thou- 
sand dollars each house, will be additional subjects for assess* 
mcnts, and increase the taxes to an almost infinite ratio, and in 
I this manner re-imburse the Treasury, for every expenditure 
which it may be necessary to advance. 
Considering the depressed slate of property in this part of 
t tbc City, your Committee deem it a matter of policy to aflbrd 
I it every opportunity of improvement, thai shall be reasonably 
requested in its behalf, to enable tlie owners to struggle throu^ 
with llic heavy burdens, mider which they now labor ; and as 
the improvement of this square will take nothing from the 
Treasury but what it will ultimately repay, they are of opinion 
that the improvement should take place with as little delay as 
possible, in order that the persons assessed may have an oppor- 
tunity to raise llie necessary means for paying their assessments. 
The amount of money to be expended will probably not 
fidl short of twenty thousand dolLars and from the considera- 
tkn above stated, they beg leave to olfer the following Rcso* 

Ruolved, That Tompkins Square be filled up to the City 
regulation, and enclosed with a good and sufiicicnt fence, and 
that the sum of twenty thousand dollars be, and the same ia 
hcnAy appropriated for that purpose. 







. . I 

^ I 

. ■ ! . 

/ • 

DOcmasKT NO. a. 

JUNE 9, 1834. 

The Street Committee presented the following Report on tha 
Retolution to widen Avenue C. from 3d to i5(A street^ 
aim to construct a Sewer therein, and aim to continue the ' 
paeement frtrni bth to lOth street, which was adopted. 

J. MORTON, Clerk. 


The Street Commitlee, to whom was referred the annexed' 

Resoldtion. to inquire into, and report on the cxiwdiency of 1 

widening Avenue C. Iiy adding twenty feet thereto, from 3d ' 

street to 20th street, and oisu to rejwrt on the expediency oi j 

ooRStructing a permanenl sewer tliercin, and also to continue ' 

tbe pavement from its present termination at 5lh street, to lOth | 
ftreel, b^ leave to 


They have instructed Ihc Street Oimmissioncr to give ihe 
notice required by law, of the pendency of tlic above proposi- 
and calling upon all persons concerned lo present any 
dictions they might have against cither, or all of tJie subjecto 
herein before inentioued. whidi duty has liocn performed, bul 

Doc. No. 8.] 58 

none of the interested, have remonstrated against their execu- 

It will be perceived, the subject is properly divisible into 
three separate and distinct branches, and your Committee nxk 
leave to treat of them in their proper order ; and first, in rela- 
tion to the expediency of making application to the Legida* 
turc of the State, at its next session, for the passage of a law 
authorizing the Common Council to alter the plan of that part 
of the City, so as to make the width of Avenue C. eighty feet, 
instead of its present width of sixty feet. 

On referring to the original plan of that part of the City, 
as laid out by the Commissioners, appointed by an act of the 
Legislature of the State, in the year 1807, it will be seen 
that Avenue C. in common with all the other Avenues, 
was laid out one hundred feet in width, and so remained 
without any proposition, for a diminution of its width, until 
about ten years since, when the owners of the property in that 
section of the City, represented by memorial to the Common 
Council, that, in their judgment, the Avenues A. B. C. and D. 
were unnecessarily wide, and that the interest of all the owners 
would be promoted, if they were curtailed, A. to 80 feet, and 
B. C. and D. each to sixty feet, inasmuch, as by so doing, the 
owners of the land would acquire an addition of ten feet 
to each lot pointing on Avenue A. and twenty feet to each 
lot pointing on either of the Avenues B. C. and D. and 
thereby become possessed of so much additional land, availa- 
ble for building purposes, and in this manner, enhance the 
value of their estate. Without attempting to call in qoestioa 
the correctness of this opinion, which, whether solid or spe- 
cious, is not strictly relevant to the purpose of this Report 
It is sufficient to say the memorial was favorably received by 
the then Common Council, who directed an application to be 
made to tht^ then Legislature for the passage of a law agreea- 
bly to tlic views of the petitioners ; on the passage of which 
the length of tlic blocks was increased and the width of the 
Avenues decreased, to the dimensions above stated, and so 
have remained until the present time. 

59 [Doc. No. 8. .1 

Meanwhile the ownership of the land iiaa, in a great meas- 
ure, changed, and Uie present proprietors, inainiy, (as is under- 
Stood) are of opinion that it is advisable to widen Avenue C. 
to eighty feet, by taking ten feet from the lots on each side ; 
and it is further stated, that sundry of the owners would be 
wiUing to cede the land necessary for that purjKisc, provided 
all would do tile same thing, and thus obviate the necessity of 
any legal proceedings. But as some of tlic land required isi J 
bdd by such a tenure as to prevent tlds mode of operation* 9 
some parts belonging to undivided estates, and ofhers subject 4 
to claims of interests, not in possession, it is miinifcst the ob- j 
ject cannot be accomplished without the aid of the public I 
authorities. ' 4 

With respect to the expediency of the measm-e itself, your | 
Committee beg leave to stittc one main fact, which, according ■ 
to their belief, must be decisive on this |>oint. t 

By the original plan, it was proposed to make each street a J 
acparate water course, from its commencement at the Bowery, i 
to its fmal exit in the East River, at Tompkins street ; and if 4 
this plan could liave been carried into execution, no reasoii 4 
could exist why Avenue C. should be of greater capacity than J 
any other thoroughfare in that section — tlic immense outlay J 
consequent on ,sucli a regulation, by inevitable necessity) i 
brought about its rejection. ' J 

From the graduations adopted by tlie second plan, which is | 
now in train of execution, an entire new state of things waa .J 
produced. Avenue C. from its local jwsilion, became the re- ^ 
cipioit of all the waters from 3d lo 13th street, and from the , 
Boweiy to Avenue D. — the waters of wliich last mentioned j 
Avenue turn westward, and are received into Avenue C, pre- 4 
I'ioQs to their discharge into the River ; and it will at once be J 
seen, Ibat the great volumes of water which it is proposed to d 
pan through this Avenue, when the regulations shall be com- ] 
pleted, is of all possible reasons the most powerful and cogontt A 
why sufficient space should be fuinislicd for their free dia-' ] 
charge. J 

Doc. No. 8.] 60 M 

With regard to iho second proposilJon contained >"' ^^H 
rCBolution, viz. to itujuirc into the cjpodiency of constracta^H 
a sewer iq Avenue C. ^^H 

Your Cunirnillee Iwg leave to lay before Iho Board a few 
facta which tlicy believe well calculated to ]ilacc the subject 
in a true liglit. It has alrcatiy i)Cen mentioned, that ihe plan of 
regulations proposes to unite all iho waters of a very large 
section or district of land in Avenue C. as a common centre ; 
this district embraces a quantity but lilllo short of three hun- 
dred acres. And aldiough at present a very large proportion 
of the waters which fall on the land, are taken in by absorp- 
tion, yet the true view of this question is as to what will be 
the efiects produced hereafter, when the streets shall all lie 
paved, and the contiguous lots mostly ocrupicd with buildings. 
For the purpose of illustration, let it i« imagined that a space 
of ten or fifteen years has passed by, when, probably, this part 
of the City will be closely populated, and the waters of Sd, 4lh, 
5lh, 0th, 7th, 8th, »th, 10th, II til. 12th and 13th streets, are 
each pouring along llie pavements, to congregate in Avenue 
C. where they will meet the waters of the same streets, com- 
ing westward from Avenue D ; (and here it is proper to re- 
mark, that each of liiese water courses arc nearly a mile in 
length) let it be also supposed, that this great volume of wa- 
ter is still kept on the surface of Avenue C. and carried 
noT^iward to 15th street, at which line Avenue C. ends in the 
River — can it for a moment be doubted that the entire surface 
of the Avenue would be flootlcd, and rendered wholly impassa* 
ble. The banefid effects of such a stale of things on the value 
of the properly need not be described, it would be most fully 
appai'cnt to all. 

But liie question here arises, what is the remedy for this 
cvin and in order to furnish tlic proper answer, your Cwn- 
mittcc ask leave to call the attention of the Board back to the 
seccmd member of the Resolution, viz. to construct a pcnna- 
nent sewer in Avenue C. and thus take in the water of every 
street, separately, at its junction witli tlie Avenue, and by this 


I 61 [Doc. No. ft I 

mcons it is fuUy believed the evils mny be onlircly remedied 
If any doubts arise as to the practicability of tliia mode of 
operation, your Committee ask leave lo refer to the lights of 
experience for further information. 

That section of the City which is drained through the bcwct 
in Canal street, comprises nearly four hundred acres of sur- 
face, and the various streets leading into Canal street, from the 
points at which the water is taken from the surface ; and duit i 
ing our heaviest rains, the surface of Canal street is much lea*' J 
inoonmoded, or its passage obstructed, than very many of the 1 
other streets, which are not provided with underground draini^ I 
but on which the water congregates from different quarterife j 
and forms an immense mass before it can be delivered into tba] 

The only real ground of objection tliat has hitherto been 
urged against the construction of public sewers, was, that be- 
coming receptacles for the filth of tlie streets, they emitted 
noisome odours, offensive to tlie senses and deleterious to the 
health of those resident in their vicinity; and this, though 
formerly tlio case, yet your Committee are much gratified in be- 
ing able to state, has been obviated by the introduction of the 
impnw'cd receiving basin, which has been so successfully ap- 
plied to the openings of the culverts in Canal slrcet, and the 

I beneficial cflccls derived tliercfrom so fully vouched by the _^M 
united lesUmony of all the residents in their vicinity. ^^| 

With respect lo llic third proposition contained in the rcso-' ^H 
lotion, viz : to continue the pavement on Avenue C. from 5th ^^| 
lo 10th street, your Committee would only remaik, that this ^^| 
being a matter always referable to the views of the owners of ^^ 


the property concerned, and due notice having been given 
without receiving any objections against it, there docs not 
appear any cause wjiy an ordinance, directing it, may not be 
passed. -^ 

The subjoined Resolutions are ofTercd for the considcratioa ■ 
of the Board : J 

Rtiob'ctl, That it is expedient to widen Avenue C.&onv 
3d street to 1 5th street, to ihc width of eighty feel, and a\ao 

Doc. No. 8.] 63 

tbal application be made to the Le^slature of the State, at iti 
next session, for the passage of a law to that effect 

2. Resolved^ That it is expedient to constnict a sewer in 
Avenue C. from 15th street, as far southwardly towards 8d 
street, as may be found necessary, and the Street Commissioner 
is hereby instructed to prepare a plan for that purpose, with 
sufficient drawings and specifications in detail, shewing'the pro- 
posed size and mode of construction, and submit the same to 
the Common Council, for their final action thereon. 

8. RemAved^ That the pavement of Avenue C. be continued 
fipom 5th to 10th street, and the Street Commissioner is hereby 
directed to present the ordinances necessary for that purpose. 
AU which is subnuttcd. 


on Streets, 



JUNE 0. 1834. "jH 

lite following Petition uxts pn-^mttd aiul rtfcrredto a Special 
Committee, consisting of Aldermen StHlwell,Van WageiKn' 
Frrris, Bolton, and Labagh. 

J. MORTON. Clerk. 

To the Honorable, the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty 
of the City of New-York, in Common Council convened. 

The Petition of tlic undersigned, citizens and electors of the 
13th Ward, of the city and county of Now- York, respectfully 

That at the late Chailcr Election, held in the said Ward on 
the 8lh, 9th and 10th days of April last. Dr. William Molenaor, 
Samuel E. Thistle and Andrew McGown were Inspectors of 
said election. 

That the conduct of said Molenaor and Thistle, as such In- 
spectors was partial, unjust and contrary to law ; but in a more 
particular and special manner, do we object to, and proteft 
against the acts and doings of said Mclcnaor, inasmuch as be 
did, during the days of the election, and during the lime the 
{xrfc of said election was open, leave his post as such Inspec- 
tw, and personally solicilod iudividualii to vote for his favorite 

_ ceil 

■ .1 


Doc. No. 9.] 64 

That said Muleiiaor liiii<it-it.'d uiiJ |ii-c'vciiUHi electors from 
freely exercising the right of suR'rapo al said olcctiim, hy ap- 
pearing among ihc people who were assembled lo give llieir 
votes, and then and there menaced and tlircatcncd nuinerouB 
orderly and well disposed persona, witli pains and penalties, 
unless tiiey obeyed liis eleeliuiieerifig nKUidatc. 

That 8&i(l Mblenaor, acting as such lospcctur, refuied to le- 
c«ve Ihc ballots of legal and competent electors, knowing 
to be such, and did permit persons to vote at said 
itflectiun, who were not residents nor electors of said Ward. 

That octbg as such Inspector, said Molenaor, so exposed , 
the contents of ballots of Electors, as to enable the elialleogcrs 
of his party to determine for whom such vules werc lo liave 
beea given. 

That said Molenaor. himself and by Ids friends al his pro- 
curement, so obstruuted the passage-way leading lo the room 
where llic votes were received, as to prevent [arsons opposed 
to him In politics from enjoying freely and unmolested Ute 
right of suflrage. 

That votes were illegally received at said election through 
a tack window, at a tiinc when the only door to the room 
ffherc the poll was held was closed. 

That the ballot b.jxes during the time the poll was open, 
vrtXt left by said InsiRWtnrs alone, exposed and unprotected. 

That the canvass of said election was conducted in a secret' 
and illegal manner, by closing the dours to the room where 
mM canvass took place ; and said canvass was otherwise fllo- 
g(J1y made. 

The undersigned, therefore, respectfully ask that a Commit-' 
tec may be appointed by your honorable body, to investigate 
and ascertain the Imlh of the above charges, and that said 
election may l>c set aside, and lliat a new election be ordered. 

And. as in duty bound, your petitioners wilt ever pray, 
&c. ^_ 

Deitet! Ntw-York. Mmj l», 1S34. ^Hfl 



[Doc, No. ». 



































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JUNE 23, 1834. 

2%e finance Committee, to whom uvu refa-red the Report of 
the Comptroller, with an Eitimaie of the probable Receipta 
and Ea:pendUures for one year, presented the following 
Jtejiort, logeifter wit/t ii. Law, makinf^ Appropriatiom for 
1S34, which was read, laid on t/ie tabic, and directed to be 
prijiUd for the use of tile Membern, 

i. MORTON, Clerk. 

Tliu Finance Commitlce, to whom was referred the Ucport 
of the (Ji>iiiptrullci-, accompany iiig an Estimate of the probar 
ble rcccipUi aud expenditures for one year, rcBpcctfully 


tThat ihe Comptroller submits the opinion, that greater iocon- 
ihao advantage has been experienced trom the expeii- 
it of adapting the linancial to tlic political year of ths 
MKi Council. 

i' The Committee have carefully conEidered tlie subject, and 
deUbemtely weighed the arguments on both sidoB._ TVktc \» 
certainly more pXausihihly hi tlio rcasnning on which the c\vangi 
■wasprct/icated i/msmudt as hs prolessed design was lo 


Doc. No. 10.] 68 

sent to tho public a distinct and separate statement of the acts 
and ex|xjnditunis of each Common Council, that credit or 
blame, aajordini? to circumstances, mi^hl be bestowed accord- 
ing to tlie merits of the course pursued. Such an exhiUtioo 
might, perchance, be useful, and would certainly be gratifying 
— but never essential to the ascertainment of the object con- 
templated. The acts of consecutive Common Councils can 
never be so blended as to require much scrutiny in fixing the 
responsibility of measures of importance on their legitimate 
authors ; and it is believed that a regard to regularity, cooveii- 
iei]C€r end strict propriety, require a return to the fovmer 
practice, of making the financial identical with the calendar 
year. An insuperable difficulty in the execution of the exist- 
ing plan, arises from the dependence- of the City Government 
oil the Legislature of the State, for permission to impose taxes 
to defray their necessary expenses. The Legislature hold 
ttteit Sessions uniformly in the winter season, and always ad- 
jcArft before the commencement of the political year of the 
City Corporation. Provision for the year must therefore, be 
asked, and the requisite amount of funds determined at fintbest 
by the moTith of January. In order to ascertain this amount* 
reference must be had to all plans of expense contemplated 
for tlie ensuing year. In fact, the whole business of the year 
must be decided on by Boards who have, at the time, but one 
Aitd of the year to serve ; their successors may curtail but 
cannot increase the expenditures beyond the means provided, 
they being prohibited by the charter from contracting loans 
exceeding their revenue, and but in anticipation thereof, with- 
out a special act of the Legislature. The prcy^nt system is 
also objectionable, from its rcciuiring the first act of every Com- 
ttioil Council to be an ordinance making appropriations tb cover 
ihc expienditures of the year. Experience has shown the im- 
practicability of their doing this until tliey have acquired mote 
experience and information than belongs to members elected 
for the first time, of which there always has and probably 
always wiU be a considerable pro|X)rtion, and thus the terths of 

OK? 'barter arc subject to be violated in this particular, for at 

Bl&r iWo thdnths of every year. 

69 [Doc. No. J,p. 

[t is tnonifest that n prospective statement of the opera- 

f of the year, must be made by iho 1st of January, I9 

aiaxe tlic neccssnry npplicalion to Uie LegiBlatiire ; and it 

I equally apparent that tlic data for such statement mnst 

Jictly govern the annual aitproprialions. The cliartcr also 

)quires a detailed accoiiut of the pecuniary transactions of 

B Corporation to be publislied ipjill llie newspapers emplpyed 

f tliem, at least two months previous to every chcrter elcctioo ; 

I account to be made up to the 1st day of the month la 

hich it shall lie published. Tlie period fixed for the election 

Dnmencing the second Tuesday in April, the latest lime ^0 

I the account could be made up, would be the Ist irf 

Y ; but aa that arrangement would, some years, restript 

e ComiiUoller to a very few days for the preparation of the 

L, it is believed that greater accuracy would be secufecl 

ig the Isl day of January. 

I appears from the facts already stated, iliat on the fir^t of 

idar year, agreeably to law, a statement of tlic aifn^ol 

mts must be prepared, for the informatiou of the puj^lKV 

it the same time a prospective calculation is requiwte to 

laccnain the amount of taxes proper to be laid for the ^se 0^ 

the year ensuing. The Committee, therefore, come to tlfe 

cooclution, that no other time is so convenient and proper to 

enact an ordinjmcc for tlic annual appropriations. 

It ia certainly important that tlie Common Council should be 
fiiDy apprised, at the commencement of the political year. 

of all matters of finance resolved on 1 

I progress 


diicclion of their predecessors, in order to sanction their con- 
tinuation, when not under special contracts, or otherwise, ac- 
ci>rding to their judgment, and to tliis end the Committee sub- 
jritn an appropriate resolution. 

Should the Board concur with the Committee in the views 
they have taken of the subject referred to them, it becomes 
necessary to have an estimate of receipts and expenses from 
tlic second Tuesday of last month to the first January next 
'I'he Committee have accordingly procured from the Comi^ 
uoBer such an estimate, and Itave /iredicated tlicrcon an oiii- 

Doc. No. 10.] 73 

Amount brought over, 9380,725 

For Lamp* and Gat, 5S,000 

Lands and Places, 9,000 

Levying Tax, 7,600 

Liens on Lots, 1,000 

Maricets, 0,000 

Mayoral^ Fees, 80 

Ftoalties, ....... 1.000 

PoUce. 1«,000 

Printing and Stationary, .... 8,600 

PubUo Reaenroir and Pipes, fer oumat expense, 1,650 

Foblie ScImwIs, «^000 

RealEstate, 1.M0 

iUpaiifWKiamviliet, .... ISiPOO 

Bqads. HMOp 

SflantN!, %MW 

Street Expenses* %5Q0 

Stieets, 950.009 

Tavern and Excise Licenses, . . 8.000 

Watcli, . . . . . 76.500 

, Weill and Pumps, ...... ^000 




JUNE 23, 1833. 

The Committee on Fire and Water, to whom wax referred the 

Communtcalion from tlie Water Commiiswjiers, preienled 

the foUomng Rejiort and Law, which was read, laid on the 

ttHe, and directed to be jninledfor the use of Ute Members. 

3. MORTON, Clerk. 

The Committee on Fire and Water, to whom was referred 
the Cummunicntion from the Water Commissioners, appointed 
UDdcr the Act of tlie Legislature passed May 2, 1834, entitled 
"an Act to provide for supplying the City of New- York with 
pure and wholesome water," beg leave to 


That they have duly considered said Communication, and the 
Law upon which it is predicated, and arc of opinion that the 
intention of said Law should be carried into effect, viz : that 
■aid Commissioners be requested to examine and report which 
will be the best method of introducing the water into the City, 
the lowest cost at which tlie work can be performed, and the 
probable amount of revenue that may accrue therefrom to the 
City, with tlic reasons and calculations upon which their opin- 
and estimate are founded, together with such other duties 






Doc No. U.] 76 

5th. If the sum hereby appropriated shall prove insufficient 
to pay the expenses mcurred by the Ckimmissioners, they shall 
inform the Comptndler thereof^ and he diall notify theCommoQ 
Council of the&ct, and give, as near asmay be, a statement of 
the additional amount which will be required for theafiiresaid 

DOCVMElffT NO. 12. 


JUNE 23, 1834. 

TAe ChaimuiH uf the Law CimtmiUtee preientat the/oUowing i 
Law. which waa nferreil to the Road and Law Committee, 1 
imd directed to be printed. 

J. MORTON. Clerk. 


Aulhuriztag lite appoirUmetU of an Amitant Oixrseer of 
Roadsfor Ike 12/A Ward. 

The Mayor, Aldermen, am! Commonalty of the City of J 
New- York, in Common Council convened, do t>rd.tin as fol- 

J 1. There shall he appointed hy the Common Council, an 
Aasietant Overseer of Roads. 

J a. U ahull be ihe dnty of the said Assistant to miperinlend, ' 
Under the direction of the Street Commissioner, all the lOftii*^ 
vAtAieeisofthoJSlIi Ward. 

Doc. No. 12.] 78 

i 8. The laid Afofltant riiall poiMM all dis powen^ and 
perfofm all the duties, and receive the same compematioti tiiat 
DOW appertains to the office of Street Inspector for the said 

i 4. The office of Street Inspector of the 12th Ward, is 
hereby abolished. 

oocvxax»rT no. is. 


JUNE 23. Irt34. 

The Chairman of tiie Law Committee prewrUed iJie following 

Law, etUkk-4 " a Law for the beUer regutatwn of Accoititno- 

datiaa Stages aiui Coaclies" which was read, laid on the 

table, aiul directed to be printed for the use of tlw Membert. 

J. MORTON. Clerk. 



For the belter Itegulutimt of Accommodation Stages or 

The Mayor, Aldermen and CominaDalty of Uic City of 
New- York, in Cunimon Council convened, do ordom as fol- 

$ 1. All accommodation stAgos or coaches which nin or ply 
between any part of the first Ward, and any place or part of 
tiw Civy, lying westerly of the easterly line of Broadway, 
•ball ftand at tlie Bcmling Greon, in the told iirat Ward. 

^ 3. The said stages or coaches mentioned in the preceding 
MCtion, shall be driven to llio said stand diruugh Bio&dvro.'ji 
and throu^'b no other strefU and Jioti) tlie said siajui \!ttiwi^ 
BtiavcmUitt uiid JStoud sdvcL 

Doc. No 13.] 80 

§ 3. Such of the said stages as ply or run to and froni any 
part of Broadway north of Canal street, shall be allowed to 
stop in Broad street, near the junction thereof with Wall streett 
for three minutes and no longer, to receive passengers ; and 
shall then proceed to Broadway, through Wall street, and up 
Broadway beyond Cedar street witliout stopping. 

§ 4. Such of the said stages as ply or run 4o and from any 
part of the City west of Broadway, and north of Canal street, 
shall proceed to that part of Nassau street, between Pine street 
and Cedar street, and shall be allowed to stop on the c^asterly 
side of thti part of Nassau street, for three minutes and no 
longer, to receive passengers, and may then proceed through 
Cedar street to Broadway. 

§ 5. All accommodation stages or coaches which run or 
ply between any part of the first Ward and any place or part 
of the City, lying easterly of the westerly side of the Bowery, 
shall stand at the Cc^ee House slip, or Hanover square, or 

§ 6. The said stages or coaches mentioned in the last pre- 
ceding section shall be allowed to pass to and from the said 
stands through any street or streets lying southerly or easterly 
of Broadway. 

§ 7. The provisions . of title X, of the Law entitled •* A 
Law to regulate hackney cotjcchcs and carriages and sta^^e 
coaches," shall apply to all accommodation stages or coaches 
at any of the stands mentioned in this Law. 

§ 8. There shall be appointed two assistant Superintendents 
of stage coaches, each of whom shall receive an annual salary 
of ■ ■ dollars for his services. 

§ 9. It shall be the duty of one of the said assistants to re- 
main at the stand established at the Bowling Green, and of the 
other to remain at the stand established at Coffee House slip, 
with power to visit Whitehall and Hanover square, and to 
exercise the powers and duties at the said stands respectively^ 
vested by any Law, Ordinance or Ilesolution of the Common 
Council, or by any regulation of the Mayor, in the Superin- 
deot of stage coaches. 


[Doc. No. i; 


^ 10. Tlie Supcrintendonl or Stage CoiichCs shall remain at 
ibe junction of Broad slreot and Wall strtRl, and between that 
place and the junction of Cedar street and Nassau street, and 
shall regulate and control tlie aiages or coaches which by this 
law are allowed lo slop and receive jiaascnyers at lliosi.' places 

5 II- No person shall drive any accommodation stage or 
coach in the City of New-York, unless he be at least ti**eiity- 
one years of age, and unless he sliall have obtained a license 
for auch purpose from llie Mayor, under the penalty of ten dol- 
lars for every such olicnce, to be recovered from the owner of 
stage Of coach iind from driver, severallv and respectively. 

§ 13. The Mayor is hereby authorized lo grant auch license 
to drivers of accommodation stages and coaches, on the same 
terms as licenses are granted by law lo drivers of hackney 

^ 18. The number of every accommodation stage or coach, 
expressed in the license granted or to be granted therefor, sJiall 
be painted in legible ligurea, of at lecst Uuee inches in length, 
on each side of auch stage or coach, under the penalty of ten 
dollars, tobe recovered from the uwnor thereof, for every day 
during wiiich, or during any part of whidi, such stage or coach 
may be driven without such number. 

§ 14. Every accommodation stage or coach which shall bo 
driven or used in iho evening or niglii, shall have a light on 
tie inside tliereof atid a lanthoru or transparency, containing 
a light, on the top thereof, with t!ie number of suqb stage, aa 
oijHVssed in the license thoi-eof, painted iu Icyihle figures of 
W least three inches in length, on such lanthorn or transparency, 
under the penalty of ten dollars, to be recovered from the 
owner of such stage or cfjadi. 

5 15, No accommodation stage or coach shall stop at, or 
obfilruct, any cross-walk in any sircel, under the penalty of five 
dollars for every such oflence, to be recovered from Uic owtier 
and ilrivtjr tJiureof, severally and respcctiveh'. 

^ 10, All accommodation stages and coaches al\a\\, m ^w- 
ing throu^'h luiy slretit, be kept ua the right \iaad ll\etcot, ani. 

Doc. No. i:!.] 



shall iKtt be driven sicross any siidi street, fur tlic |<urpc»r 
takii^; in or letting out imy passenger, undcr^ the jicnalty 
five <lollara for every such offence, to be recoTcred from the 
owner imd driver thereof, severaJly and respectively. 

^ 17, No accoin modal ion stage or coach shall be driven 
llirouj^h any street in the City of New-York, at greater speed 
than at the rate of five miles in an hour, under tlie penalty of 
'ten dollars for every such offence, to be recovered from tbs 
owner or driver thereof, severally and respectively. 

§ 18. In every case of a recovery and receipt of any penalty 
for the violation of any law, ordinance, or regulation respecting 
accommodation stages or coaches, the person who shall have 
given information of the offence, and furnished the requisite 
proof llieroof, shall be entitled to receive half the amount of 
such penalty, 

§ 19. No accommodation stages or coaches, to be drawn by 
more than two horses, other than such as may be licensed 
within two months from the passage of this law, shall be per- 
mitted to run or be licensed for ilial purpose. ' 
§ 20. The Mayor of the City of New-York is hereby ao- 
thorized to hear all complaints against the owners or drivers of 
accommodation stages or coaches, and to revoke or suspendi 
for any perioti which he mav think proper, any license granted 
to any such owner or driver. 

5 ai. Any Alderman or Assistant Alderman of this City 
shall possess all the powers now or hereafter conferred on thM 
Superintendent of Stages. 

^ 23. If any stage or accommodation coach or caniagt 
shall be allowed to stand for hire or employment in any other 
Btrcetor place, or for any longer time than is specified in thiv 
law, the owner or driver thereof shall forfeit and pay for every 
such offence the sum of ten dollars. 

§ 23. No hackney coach or carriage shall, after the passago 
of tliis law, be allowed to stand in Broadway around the Bow- 
ling Green, under the penalty of ten dollars, to be recovered 
Irom the owner or driver thereof, severally and respectively. 




JUNE 33, 1834. 

[TV folhmnng Orditmnce axis presaUtd hij Alih-rmtiii Slilt- 
tedl, rrf^rrt'l to the Ltiw im<l Pulicc Commiltce. and dirtvlcd 
to be printed for tin: ««■ tf Ike Memhers. 

i. MORTON, Clerk. 

A L,AW. 

■ Ordinance to amenti the Ordinance entitletl " A Laic rein- 
live to the panting of Tawm and Excise Licenses in the 
City of New-York. 

The Mayor, Aldermen, and CommonaltT of the City of 
I New-York, in Common Council convened, do ordain as fol- 

Tbe Tavern and Excise Licenses, which may hereafter be 

Cin iho City of New- York, shall commence and tako 
on llie ilay thai shall be designated therein. 











JUNE 20, 1831. 





r/u.-iTEV ay okvuk of tjil- toioiON cousciL. 









At a Special Meeting of the Board nf Aidcrmen, 
June 19, 1634. 

Present — James Monroe, Esq. President. 
Aldermen Labagh, Taylor, Van Wagenen, Cornell, Hopkins, 
Tucker, Oatrander, Lovetl, Wales and StiUwell. 

The reading of the minutes of the lost meeting was dispcng- 
cd with. 

The President stated that the Board had been convened by 
request of his Honor the Mayor. 

A communication was received from liis Honor the Mayor 
ind read, as follows, which was ordered on file : 

Mayor's Office, June 19, 1834. 
Gentiemen of the Common Council, 

I have this day received information of the death of General 
La Fayette, and your meeting has been called for the purpose 
of taking such order thereon as may be deemed suitable to the 

The demise of this great and distinguished man, recalls to 
our recollection his early and constant devotion to our common 
country in the war of the Revolution ; mid tlio deep interest 
vhich he has at all times taken in our welfare and prosperity. 
I feel assured tltat the municipal authorities of the City will be 
desirous of expressing, in l>ehalf of themselves and their fellow 
citizens, the profound grief occasioned by tliis bercaveiuctrt. 

a» ihe 

Doc. No. !:>.] 88 

and of adoplinp smrh oUicr monsnros ns may Iicbi Ipslify 1 
grateful remembrance of the invaliialilo services, and apkiKJW- 
ledgcti virtues of Uiis great bencfnctor of our country, and 
devoted Ixicnd of civil and religious libeily througUoul the 


WliereujKjn Alderman Stilwell presented the following prc- 
amhh and rcBolutions, which were read, as follows : 

WnBiiEAs, by a communication received from Ills Honor 
the Mayor, this btiard is informed, that intelligence has been 
received from Eiir*>pe, announcing the death of the great and 
good La Fayette, llic friend and comjKinion of Wasliinglui — 
the adopted son of iJiis country — tlic brave and faithful defen- 
der of liberty in both hemispheres — whose gallant services dur- 
ing the war of our independence — whose patriotic and diMiilcr- 
ested efTurts made in the great struggle — whose uiiiform and 
consistent republican principles — whose purity of character 
and deep attachment and sincere admiration of our institu- 
tions and laws, have united to [ilaec kirn in the highest rank 
among the citizens of this country, and to create a deep and 
heartfelt regret at tiiis dispensation of Providence. Therefore 

Jtoolved, If the Board of Assistant Aldermen concur, that 
the Ccmmon Council of tiic City of Ncw-Yorit, deeply deph>r- 
ing the death of tJicir revered fellow, citizen, General La 
Fayette, desire to co-operate with the great Ixuly of the citizens 
of this City, in making such on-angeincnts as may be deemed 
suitable, to manifest, as far as possible, the feelings entertained 
OR this melancholy occasion. 

Rcsoiicd, If the Board of Assistant Aldermen concur, Uiat 
Ihc Presidents of tlie Boards, togctlier with eight members of 
the Common Council, four of whom to be selected from each 
Board, be a Committee to carry into cflect the object of the 
above resolutions. 

Resolved, If the Board of Assistant Aldermen c<Hicur, tiiat 
the members of tiie Common Council wiil wear ilic usual 
badge of mourning for sixty days. 

89 [Doc. No. 15. J 

Retained, If the Board of Assistant Aklormcn concur, that 

I iiis Honor ihc Mayor be requested to express to iho family of 

General La Fayette, iJic deep sense of sorrow wliich has pcr- 

I Vftded this rommunity in consequence of the decease of the 

early and tried friend of America. 

The resolutions liaving been unanimously adopted, the Pre- 
f sidcnt appointed Aldermen Stillwell, Ostraiidcr, Hopl<ins and 
I Lovett. die Committee to carry into effect the second resolu- 
I tioD. Alderman Ostrander then presented the following reso- 
I lution, which was adopted. 

Beaolixd, If the Board of Assistant Aldermen concur, that 
the presiding officers of the Board of Aldermen and Board of 
Assistant Aldennen, be rcijucstcd to direct the two Common 
Council Chanibci's to be hnng with black for the period of 
rixty days. 

A communication was received from George W. Chapman, 
Captain Commandant of tlie Veteran Corps of Artillery, len- 
dcrijig their services to fire tlic minute guns, or perform 
vay other duties assigned dicm, in manifestation of rcs|>cct on 
the occamon — whicli was read and referred to tlic Committee 
of Arrangements. 
Tbe Board after a recess, assembled and adjourned. 

J. MOllTON, Clerk. 

At a Special Meeting of tlio Board of Assistant Aldermen. 

Present, Messrs. Boyd, Holdcn, Johnson, S]iarks, Smith, 
Ddamatcr, Stewart, 8uydam. 

On motion of Mr. Holdcn, the President leing absent, Mr. 
Johnson was appointed President pro tempore. 

The reading of the minutes of the last Meeting was, on J 
motion of Mr. Holdcn, dispensed with. 

The Chair presented a communication from his Hor 
■be Mayor, announcing llie melancholy intelligence of the 
li of General La Fayette, which liaving been read. 

Doc. No. 15.1 90 

The Chair further iircsenipd thr prpamblo and rcsolutioiA ' 
adopted by ihc Board of Aldenncn on this distressing occa> 
sion, which being also read, on motion, were unanimoiisly 
concurred in ; and Messrs. Stewart, Suydam, Tallmadge and 
Delamater, appointed the Committee of the Board to c 
the same into execution. 

On motion of Mr. llulden, tlie Board tiicii adjourned | 
Monday, the 30th instant 


The Committee met on the tOlh June, and after choc 
C<doBel Samuel D. Jackson their Secretary, made the folk 
ing appointments : 

General James Tallmadge, Orator of the Day. 

The Rt Rev. Bishop Ondekdonk was requested to pronounce 
a prayer on the occasion. 

General Gilbert Hopkins was elected Marshal in Chief of 
the Day, who named the following gentlemen his Aids: 
Brigadier General Garret Striker, 
Brigadier General John Lott, 
Brigadier General John Lloyd, 
Henry P. Robertson, Esq. 
Colonel Frederick Pentz, * 

Colonel Isaac L. Varian, 
Colonel Samuel D. Jackson, 
Colonel Wm. L. Morris, 
Colonel Nathan B. Graham, 
Wm. S. Johnson, Esq, 
Laent. Colonel Morgan L. Smilli, 
Lieut CuUmel Andrew Warner, 
Major Kobcn lirowu. 

91 [Doc. No. 15. 


Black dress ; black satin and crape scarfs ; chapeau dc bras, 
ilion, and Irimitied wiih crape ; dress sword, biack belt with 
ing knots ; black saddle cloths, with black fringe ; military 

The following arrangements for rendering funeral honors to 
memory of General La Fayette was then agreed upon : 

The funeral procession will move from the City UaH at 3 

:!ock precisely, and proceed up Chatham street to the Bow- 
r«y; up the Bowery to Broome street; through Broome 
street to Broadway ; down Broadway to Castle Garden, where 
the ceremonies will be jierformed. The whole under the com- 
mand of Gilbert Hopkins, Esq. Grand Marshal of the Day, 
■wBted by his Aids. 

After which, die whole will leave the Garden, under the 
oommand of their respective ofBeers. 

The persons having charge of the different Churches, arc 
requested to cause the bcils to be tolled on Thursday next, 
firom 3 o'clock, P. M- during the procession, and that the own- 
ers and masters of vessels in the harbor, and the proprietors of 
public buildings Ijc reijuestod to have their colors hoisted half 
mast, from sunriso to sunset, and that it be respectfully recom- 
mended to our fellow citizens to abstain from business during 
tbe solemnities of the day. Streets to be kept clear- 


The diflerent Associations will meet in the places hereinai^ 
ter demgnated, at 2 o'clock, P. M. precisely, and report them- 
selves to the Grand Marshal, at tlie Mayor's Ofiice, with liw 
numbom of ihtir zasfectivc- Assodalioas, as near as raa^ \ic- 

Doc. i\o. 15.] 92 

IUv'ision of Artillery, &c, in CliamboM street, ihc left rcsdi^ 

on IJriKidway. 
Tho Reverend the Clci^, in the Uoom of the Court of Clum- 


Tho Mayor of llie City, the Governor and I^icutennnt Governor 

of the Slate, Orator of Uio Day, Common Council of 

llio City, Ex-Mayors and Ex-Mcmbcra of the 

Common Council, and tJic Consul of 

France, in the Common Council 


Miiyjf and Common Council of the City of Brooklyn, in tJic 

Chamber of tltc Board of Assistants. 
Socic^ of the Cinannati, and the Revolutionary Soldiers, in 

the Mayor's Olficc. 
Jodgos of the United Slates Court, State and City Courts, and 

Recorder, in the Recorder's Office. 
Members of the Senate and House of Ueprosentatives, Senate 
and Slate Legislature, Foreign Miniatcra and Con- 
suls, in tho Office of the First Judge. 
Members of the Bar, in the Common Pleas Court Room. 
Marshal of tl»o United Slates, Sheriff of the City, Register, 
("ounty Clerk and Coroner, in the Sheriff's 
Officers of iJic Army and Navy of the United States, Military 
Officers off duty and Officers of the late war, in tlie 
Superior Court Room- 
French Residents, in tJie Park, on Broadway, right resting at 

the West Gate. 
The Grand Ixnlgc of tlie Slate of New- York, in ihc Park, 

tlic right rcsiing on the left of the French Residents, 
Tlio President, Trustees, Faculty and Students of Columbia 
College, in the Park, the right resting on ihc 
Grand I^ge. 
The Preaidflnf. Trustees, Faculty and Students of the Uni- 
versity, on the left of the Students of Columbia College. 
College of Physicians and Sur^psons on their left. 
Naiiomi i ciiemv of Designs. 


[Doc. No. io 

Chamber of Commerce, on their left 

Board of Trade, od their left 

OfBcerH of the Customs, on their loft. 

Wardens of the Port, and Harbor Masters, on their left. 

Fire Dc|)arlmenl, in Hospital Green, 

^ Trades' Union Societies, in Bruadway, the right resting on 

Chambers street. 

The other Societies on their left, in the foHowing order : 

HibemiaD Benevolent Society. 

Smitli's Benevolent Society. 

Musical Instrument Maker's Society. 

Journeymen Tailor's Society. 

New-York Saddler's Benevolent Society. 

Gold and Silver Artificers. 

Citizeoa of Brooklyn, in Warren street, right resting on 


I Citizens of New-Jersey, in Murray street, right resting on 


Citizens of New- York, in the Park, rear of ihc City Hall, 
All the Societies and Associations will form at tlie places 
I above designated, in columns of six abreast. 



Morgan L. Smith, Aid, delegated by the Grand Marshal. 

GILBERT HOPKINS, Grand Marshal. 

JouN Lloyi), -\ 

Henby P. RouEKTsoK, > Aids. 

Samuel D. Jackson, * 

I The Military, under the command of Major-Gcncial M.oilotw 


Doc. No. 15.] 94 


Garret Striker, AhI, ilclcguted by tlicGnuul Marshal. 

The ilcvcrend the Clergy. 


Pall Bearers in ) w^.— t Pall Bearers in 

Carriages. ) * ( Carriages. 

Mayor of the City, Governor and Lieut. Governor of ihe Slate, 

and Orator of tJie d:iy, the Hon. James Talhnadge. 

The Common CoimciJ of the City of New York, as Mourners, 

in the following order, viz: 

The Boanl of Aldermen, headed by their President. 

The Board of Assistants, headed by tlieir President 

The Officers of both Boards. 

John Lett, Aid, delegated by the Grand Marshal. 

The Ex-Mayors, Ex-Aldermen, and Ex-Assistant Aldermen. 

Mayor and Common Council of the City of Brooklyn. 

Society of the Cincinnati. 

llcvolutionary Soldiers. 


1 DrvisioN, 

William S. Johnson, Aid, delegated by tlic Grand Marshal. 

Consul of France, and the French Residents. 

The Judges of the United States, State and City Courts, and 

tlie Recorder. 

The Members of the Senate and House of Representatives of 

tiic United States. 

The Members of the Senate and State Legislature. 

Foreign Ministers and Consuls. 

FiPTu Division. 

William L, Morris, Aid, delegated by the Grand Marshal. 

Grand Lodge of the Slate of New York. 

Members of the Bar. 

Marshal oftlie United States and ShcriiTof the City. 

Regialei, County C\cr\i and CoioneT. 

95 [Doc. No 15. 

Officers of the Army and Navy of the United Slates. 

Ofliccrs of the late War. 

Military Officers off duty. 


Isaac L. Varian, Aid, delegated by the Grand Marshal. 
The President, Trustees, Faculty and Students of Columbia 
The President, Faculty and Students of the University. 
College of Physicians and Surgeons. 
National Academy of Designs- 
Chamber of Commerce. 

Board of Trade. 

Officers of the Customs. 

Wardens of the Port and Harbor Masters. 

Marine Society. 


Frederick Pentz, Aid, delegated by the Grand Marshal. 
Fire Dc]>artmcnl of the City of New-York. 


Nathan B. Graham, Aid, delegated by the Grand Marshal. 
Trades' Union Societies, 


Andrew Warner, Aid, delegated by the Grand Marshal. 
And all other Societies, in the order which they report them- 
selves to the Grand Marshal. 


Robert Brown, Aid, delegated by tlie Grand Marshal. 

Citizens of Brooklyn. 

Citizens of New-Jersey. 

Citizens of New-York. 

Chairman of the Committee of Arrangemetds, 
8. D. Juxsarr, Seereliiry. 

Doc. No. 15.1 


New-Tokk, June 23, 1834. 

General Orders. 

The members of the Society are specially requested to 
meet at the City Hall on this day, tlie 3(llh instant, at half 
past two o'clock in the afternoon, for the purpose of uniting 
with the honorable tlie Common Council of this City (and 
upon their invitation) in paying funeral honors to the memory 
of the brave and virtuous General La Fayette, a member of 
the Society, whose death was announced in orders dated the 
20th instant. 

The members of the Society are also hereby notified to 
meet at the City Hall, on Friday, tlie 4th of July next, at 12 
o'clock (noon) of that day, for tlic purpose of electing their 
officers for the ensuing year, Iransaeting the business of the 
Society, and celebrating the fifty-eighth anniversary of our 
National Independence. 

Members of other State Societies of the Cincinnati, who 
may be in the City of New- York on the above days are re- 
spectfully invited to attend the above meetings, and to unite 
with the New-York State Society, as well in paying funeral 
honors to General La Fayette, as in celebrating the above anni- 
versary ; and they will please to submit their certificates or 
other evidence of membership to the Secretary, at his office. 
No. 6 Broad street, in order to obviate delay and difiiculty is 
their admission. 
By order of 

Major General MORGAN LEWIS, President. 

Charles Gbauam, Secretary. 

N. B. Carriages will be provided for the aged and infirm 
members at the funeral procession of tJic SGih instant. 

97 [Doc. No. 15. 

New-Yohk, June 24, 1834. 

To the Chairman of the Joint Committee of the Com- 
mon Council on runcral ceremonies to General La 

Dear Sir — I have the pleasure to inform you, that at a meet- 
ing of the Standing Committee of the New-York State Soct- 
ety of the Cincinnati {composed of the officers and several 
leading members of the Society) held on Tuesday evening, at 
ihe Washington Hotel, the resolution of the Joint Committee 
of the Common Council, authorizing the Society to select the 
Pall Bearers for the funend procession in memory of General 
La Fayette, was laid before the Standing Committee, and I am 
instructed by tJiem to acknowledge the honor conferred upon 
ihe Society by the resolution of the Joint Committee, and to ex- 
press the thanks of the Society in their behalf ; that they had 
accepted the honorable, yet delicate confidence, and tliey hope 
that the appointment of the Pall Bearers hereinafter named, 
will be approved, not only by the Joint Committee, but by the 
Ccanmoii Council and their fellow citizena generally. 
Their names are as follows, to wit : 

1. Major General Morgan Lewis — President of the New- 
Tork State Society of the Cincinnati ; Deputy Quarter Mas- 
ter General of the Northern Department of the Continental 

2. Colonel John Trumbull — Vice President of the Society ; 
Deputy Adjutant General of the same Department of the 

3. Colonel Simeon Dewitl — Surveyor General of the State, 
Geographer to the Continental Armies. 

4. Major Samuel Cooper — Of the 3d Massachusetts Regi- 
ment of Artillery in the line of the Continental Army. 

5. Colonel William North — Aid de-Camp to Major General 
the Baron Steuben. 

6. Major William Popham — Aid-de-Camp to Gen. George 
Clinton (afterwards Governor of tliis State, and Vice President 
of the United States.) 


Doc. No. 10] 98 

7. Colonel John Van I>yk — Cnptnin in Colonel I.Ainb'B Re- 
giment of Artillery in the line of llic (x)iilinenlnl Army. 

8. Captain NalhaDic! Norton— Of the 4th New- York Rcgi- 
ment iii the Hue uf tlic ConiiacDtul Anny, (llic eldest member 
of the Society, now in liis if a.l VL'ar.) 

The abuve niuneil "enllcuicn arc all members of the New- 
York State Society of Ihc Cincinnati, and enjoy tlie rcs{>cct 
and coufidence of iheir brotlier members. 

1 am, dear Sir, witli great respect. 

Your friend and obedient servant, 

Secretary of the New-York Slate Society 
uf the Cincinnati. 


New-York, June 21, 1834. 

The Major General has the melancholy duty to announce to 
Division, llie death of General La Fayette. He died In 
France, on the 20lli May last, in ihel^th year of his a^. But 
a few years since, we were engaged in welcoming him with 
joyful and grateful hearts, as the soldier of our Revolution, and 
the adopted Son of our Country. We are now called on to 
pay funeral honors to his memory. Such is human hie; the 
great and the good appear on the stage of existence — but their 
stay is brief; tliey seem, as it were, only lent to ua by Provi- 
dence, to perform some particular service, and it becomes us 
to draw a lesson of practical duties from their services and 
their virtues. But few men have more distinguished them- 
selves than General La Fayette, in the interesting scenes of 
the drama of life. 

At the early age of 18, when tlic pleasures of life are so fas- 
c'uiatitig to tlie heart, lie left the cliarms and attractions of the 

99 Doc. No. 15.] 

refioed and elegant Court in Europe, to share in the perils 
and privations of a people, to him known only by their cause — 
but it was a cause congenial with his heart — it was the cause 
of Freedom! It was our cause, and for us he expended his 
wealth, he periled his life, and he shed his bkiod. Upon the 
close of the war wliich secured our Independence, he retunicd 
to his native land; he carried witlihim those principles of civil 
liberty, which he had acquired in the school of hia Ijeloved and 
adopted father, the illustrious Washington. Of those princi- 
ples he was ever, under all circumstances, the firm and unde- 
viatmg advocate. But why dwell uixm actions so well known, 
and a character so endeared to all? The testimonials of re- 
spect DOW about to be rendered to his memory, show that hia 
memory is endeared to the American people, with feelings of 
gratitude and veneration which the lapse of ages will not e0ace. 
The Common Council has resolved to pay funeral honors 
to the deceased, and have invited the corps to unite with them 
on the occasion. And while the Major General, from feelings 
of personal friendship and esteem, accords to the invitation, he 
ia satisfied that the corps will view the proceedings of the Com- 
mou Council, as in accordance with the high sense of gratitude 
felt by the community, and of their own sense of the duty owing 
by a people to the memory of that distinguished friend and 
benefector of our country. 

The Division is therefore ordered for duty on Thursday next 
Ttie Division Line will be formed in Chambers street, and con- 
thmed into Hudson street, the left resting on Broadway. They 
will funn so as to move at 3 o'clock, p. m., and on taking up the 
line of march, will march by the left. 

The olTer of service of the Regiment commanded by CoL 
Waldron, and that also commanded by Col. Mumford, are ac- 
ci^d with pleasure, and they will kive suitable stations in the 
line. Tlie olicr of Captain Chapman, commanding the corps 
of Veterans, is also accepted. They will form on the Battery 
at 3 o'clock, p. M.. and will firo minute guns, corresponding with 
the years of the deceased, commencing at 3 o'clock, w\k;h V\» 
procession will muve. The La Fayetle Guards, who Vva'io 




Doc. No. 15.] 100 

also tendered Uieir services, are detailed as a Guard of Honm- 
at the Funeral Urn. which is to be borne in the procession. 

General Sanfurd will diTXiCt the flag to be hoisted at the 
Battery, at halfmast, and continued during the day, from siu>- 

The stan<lards, cannon, and instruments of music, will be 
covered with the accustomed mourning, and Commandants 
will apply at No. 8 City Hall, for instruction therefor. 

General Arculorius, Commiasary General, will deliver the 
ttccesBary ammunition, upon tbe requisition of the proper 

By order of Major General MORTON, 

N. T. Aknold, Division Inspector. 



The melancholy intelligence of the death of the illuatrious 
Patriot whose name we bear with pride, being communicated 
to this corps, at a meeting on tlie 20th instant, convened for 
the purpose of expressing our deep and lasting sorrow for the 
loss of him, who was the champion of liberty ; the brave and 
virtuous La Fayette — the following resolutions were unani- 
mously adopted : 

On motion, Resolved, That the Officers and Members of this 
corps wear the usual badge of mourning (crape on the left 
arm) for the space of sixty days from this date. 

On motion, Resolved, That the Company's colors be faced 
with black, and that the armory be hung with the same. 

On motion. Resolved, That these proceedings be published 
in the daily papers. 

ALLEN A. RABINEAU. Commandant. 

Jahks Stila»o, Orderly Sergeant. 

101 [Doc. No. \5^ 


New York, June 24, 1634. 

The Officers of this Division arc invited to assemble in uni- I 
form, with the usual badge of mourning, at the Sessions Room, I 
City Hall, on Thursday next, at 2j p. h. precisely, to join d» I 
Honorable the Corporation, and tlieir fellow citizens, in 
ceremonial attendant on the death of General La Fayette. 
By order of Major-Gencral FLEMING. 

JOHS P. HOM!, A. D. C. 

The Officers of tlie Militia of this City and vicinity, not o 
duly on Thursday next, arc requested to unite with the Offi- I 
ceraoflho 3d Division. 


In pursuance of the request of the General of Division, the 1 

Officers of the Brigade, offduty, will assemble at the City Hallt I 

this day, at SJJ o'clock, p. m. in uniform, with the usual badg0 I 

of mooming, to unite with the Honorable the Corporation, and I 

their fellow citizens, in paying funeral honoi-s to the memoTJ? I 
of General La Fayette. 

The Brigadier-General cannot doubt a ready complianea I 

on the part of his Officers, in tendering their last solemn tributCL f 

of respect to llicir country's friend and of rational liberty f 
throughout tlie world. 

By order of Brigadier General 

Hevky Ledvabd, Brigade Inspector. 

Doc. No. 15.] 102 



Firtt Company — Company Orders, 

Nkw-Yohk, June 24, 1884. 

In cwnpliancc of Re^mental Orders of the 23d instsn^ tf»-j 
members of this Company arc directed to assemble at t 
comer of Canal and Varick streets, fidly uniformed, armed and ' ' 
equipped, at half-past 12 o'clock, F. u. this day, 36th instant, to 
unite in rendering funeral honors to the memory of the illu* 
trioua and much lamented La Fayette. 

By order of JOHN W. AVERY, Conunandanl. 

Edward Eastkan, Orderly Sergeant, 




Company Orders. 

New- York, June 24, 1834. 

In compliance of Regimental orders of the 23d instant, liM|,i 
members of the Second Company of Washington Greys, a 
directed to assemble at the corner of Canal and Varick streeti^ J 
fully uniformed, armed and equipped, at 12 o'clock, on Thui»»n 
day next, 26th instant, to unite in rendering funeral honors itkM 
La Fayette, the illustrious friend of American Liberty. 
By order of 

J. T. B. MAXWELL, Lieutenant Comding. 
C. D. TiLLoiT, Orderly. 


103 Doc. No. 15.] 



New-York, June 23, 1834. 

The Commandant hereby announces, wiUi deep regret, ihe 
demise of that great and good man, General La Fayette. His 
history needs no commentary, it is engraven on the heart of 
every American. Wo are now called on to pay our last tri- 
bute of respect to this distinguished benefactor of our country; 

This regiment will assemble in habitual order, with pieces, 
on Thursday nest, at one o'clock precisely, comer of Prince 
street and Broadway, agreeable to Brigade order 1 1 5, and an 
invitation of the Honorable the Corporation. Commandants of 
Troops will appoint particular Sargeants at the Arsenal for 
the pieces and caissoons. 

The six pieces which were on escort duty, and fired the Ba. 
lute for him at Putnam Hill, in 1824, will be shrouded with 
crape, also the standards, music, hilts of the swords, and woni ' 
on the lefl arm. 

The Commandant hereby respectfully invites the officers of 
die Second Regimcnl, and ex-otficers and troop to assemble 
with us on this particular occasion. 

The resignation of Adjutant J. Colvin is accepted, and he IM 
ROW discharged. 

Sergeant Major Isaac Anderson is appointed Adjutant for' 
the day, and will be respected and obeyed accordingly. 

The Officers oi' Uiis Regiment will meet on business at tlM* 
above place, on Wednesday evenijig, at eight o'clock. 

This Regiment will parade on the Fourth of July next, to 
celebrate the American Independence, the line will form at 
eight o'clock, A. M. in Prince street, the right on Broadway. 

By order of HENRY STORMS, Colonel. 

Isaac AnDBaaoi*, Acting Adjutant. 



Doc. No. 15.1 


No. 23 — Company Order. 

New-York, June 25, 1834. 

The members of this Company will assemble at Uie Armo- J 
ry, " Eagle Hall," this day, 26th instant, at twelve o'clock I 
precisely, In full uniform, with knapaaek, &c. complete, to unite 1 
■with their fellow citizens in paying funeral honors to the i 
mory of General La Fayette. 

Lieutenant Osbom will cause tlie Company's standard (the 
National Flag of Poland) to be displayed from the Armory at 
sun rise, agreeable to the request of llic Honorable Corpwa- 
tion. By order of 

WM. M. M'ARDLE, Conimaudant. 
JoHM D. Jacksom, 1st Sergeant, 


Irt Flatik Company. Order No. 6. 

New-York, June 24, 1834. „ 

The Company is ordered to assemble in full imiform at tl 
Armory, on Thursday, the 2Gth instant, at one o'clock P. M. 
for Uie purpose of uniting in the funeral ceremonies in honor of 
the memory of the illustrious La Fayette. A recollection of 
the distinguished services rendered by this truly great man to 
our country, in the darkest hour of her historj', his eousislent 
devotion to her happiness and welfare, and his undeviating 
support of the rights of man, cannot inspire other than feel- 
ings of gratitude in the bosom of every American, To doubt, 
therefore, that every member of this corps will do no otherwise 
than cordially unite in rendering this just and grateful tribute 
lo his memory, would be to question tlicir patriolisni. The 

■ 105 [IJoc. No 15. 

Comiiioiidaat therefore expects lliat every man will be punc- 
tual in his attendance oa parade, wearing on his arm the usual 

Ige of mourning ; llie aims of (he oliicers bearing likewise 

e same insignia. 

By order of ED. VINCENT, Commandant 

Emi^ B. Hart, Orderly Sergeant. 


June 25, 1834, 
Resolved, That having learned with deep regret the death 
i a distinguished member of this Society, General La Fayette, 
; brother in arms, and adopted son of Washington, we 
cause to be registered upon the records of this Society, the 
me, place and circumstances of his disease. 
Resolved, That the members of the United States Nav&I 
Lyceum, in testimony of their profound regret at the losswhidi 
their Society, in common with tlie civilized world, has sus- 
tained, will attend in a body the celebration of his funeral 
cAncquies by the cily of New- York on Thursday next, to 
which the officers of tlic Navy generally have been invited. 

IReiolved, That we respectfully tender to George Washing- 
bDn La Fayette the honorary membership of the Naval Lyceum 
#1iich was filled by his illustrious fatlier, 
, lUiolved, That the President of the Lyceum be requested 
k) address to the family of General La Fayette, an appropriate 
liprcssion of our sympathy uix)n their melancholy bercavc- 
kncnt, and to transmit lliem a copy of these resolutions. 


New- York, June 25, 1834. 
The Officers of the Navy on the station having been invited, 
by the Corporation of New-York, to join in a pvocewK)i\ ^a 1 
lake place i/i i/ic City, on Thursday, die 26th inalanl, tut \Ib(b I 

Doc. No. 15.1 


purpose of paying a tribute to the memory of General La 
Fayette. 1 request that all the officers will attend in their 
proper respective uniformB. 

CH. G. RIDGELY, Commaiic 
To the Ojfcera of the Navy on I/k yewYork tUatitm, 






The Frenchmen desirous to join their countrymen in the 
funeral ceremony in honor of General La Fayette, are invited 
lo meet this day, 26lh instant, at 2 o'clock, P, M. precisely, at 
the Battery, opposite the residence of the Consul General, from 
which they are lo proceed to tlie Park, where they will take 
the rank assigned to them in tlic procession. 

Mourning Badge on the leJ\ arm. 


Extract from the Minutes of the 23d Jui 

, 1834. 

" It having pleased the Supreme Architect of the Universe 
to call from this mortal slate our much respected and beloved 
brother La Fayette ; and, as the constituted authorities of our 
city have deemed it expedient, to pay a just tliough faint tri- 
bute of respect to the memory of his departed worth, by a 
public celebration of liis funeral rites — Therefore, 

Rexilwd, That this Grand I^odge deeply sympatliize with 
thd world at large in llio loss which it has sustained, in the 
death of that great ptiilunthropist and most estimable citizen 
Zb Fayelle. 

H 107 [Por. No. 15. 

Reiolved, That as a leatimony of our respect for our ile- 
ccaacd brotJier, this Grand Lodge be clothed in mourning for 
one year i and tJiat it be recomineuded to the Lodges under its 
jurisdiction to adopt itie same resolution. 

Jietolved, That as a further testimony of our respect and' 
esteem, this Grand Lodge, with the Lodges under its jusisdic- 
tJon, which can make it convenient, will unite in procession on 
Thursday next, to celebrate liis funeral obsequies. 

Raolved, That the members of the Masonic fraternity gen- 
emlly be invited to unite with tlic Grand Lodge on this occa- 

Resolved, That a suitable person be appointed to deliver a 
Eulogy on the deceased brother, at the next quarterly commu- 
nication of the Grand Lodge ; and that a letter of condolence 
Hjpjm this Grand Lodge be sent to the family of the deceased." 
^^L The Grand Lodge will form their procession at Euterpian. 
^HpU, No. 410 Broadway, on Thursday, at 12 o'clock. 
^K' JAMES HERRING, Grand Secretary. 


The Members of tlie New- York Chamber of Commerce- 
are requested to meet at their room in the Merchants' Ex- 
change, at half past 2 o'clock, this ademoon, and thence proceed 
to the City Hall, to join tbe funeral procession in honor of 
jeral La Fayette. By order of the President. 

JACOB HARVEY, Secretary. 



New- York, June 2C. 
I At a meeting held at Clinton Hall, 23d instant, 
) On motion of G. P. Disosway, the following preamble and 
olutions were unanimously adopted. 

HUan ANCHINCLOHH, President. 
Jame9 L. Centis, SecivUtry. 


Hoc. No. !5] 108 

Tlic BoarJ nf Tmde, sympailiiRing wiUi out country hi tfie 
loss tlint the cause of freedom has sustained by the death of 
General La Fayelle, feel it their duly to record an expression of 
their afiiiclionatc respect to tlie memory of the nation's most 
illustrious benefactor. Therefore, Resolved, That this Board 
deejJy regret the decease of La Fayette, the only remaining 
Major General of the army of the Revolution. 

That they remember with gratitude his distinguished vir- 
tues, his philanthropy, and his holy patriotism, which shone 
with such brilliancy in both hemispheres of our world. That 
the millions of our countrymen owe to him a debt of gratitude 
and veneration never to be forgotten, for having consecrated 
his youth, his talents, and his fortune to their cause ; and for 
having exposed his life and shed his blood, that they might be 
free, independent and happy. That in tliia demonstration of 
our respect to the adopted son of llic immortal Washington, 
we rejoice in anotlier opjwrtunity of refuting the slander, that 
Republicans are always ungrateful to their benefactors. That 
tliis board will unite with their follow citizens in the pubhc 
funeral honors about to be conferred on the memory of Gen. 
' La Fayette. -^^L 

WncnEAs we have recently received the melancholy tidings 
of the death of the illustrious La Fayette — the tried patriot — the 
firm and devoted friend of America and her free institutions 
— he who forsook llic bkndisliments and ease of a luxurious 
court — who gave his fortune and risked his life for the indepen- 
dence of our happy Republic, Therefore, 

Resolved, That we, the Firemen of the City of New- York, 
will unite with our fellow citizens, on Thursday, tlie 26th in- 
stant, in paying such tribute of respect as the eminent virlues 
and patriotic services of one of America's dearest sons demand 
a grateful and aJToctionaie people. 

JAS. GULICK, Chief Engineer. 
Edwauu Primk. SccretaiT. 


[Doc. No. 15. 

e exempt Firemen are respecifully invited to atleiwi. — 
[Badges con be procured oa the Hospital Green, at half post 
Rone on the day of celebration. 

a of the New-York Fire Departmait for render- 
f Funeral Honors to the Memory of Gen. La Fayette. 

The Department wil! assemble at Hospital Green at two 
^clock precisely. The line to be formed under the direction 
if the Grand Marshal, James Gulick, Esq. assisted by his Aids, 
a tlie following order : — 
IsL Fire Department Banner. 
2d. Grand Marshall and two Aida. 

3d. President, Vice President, Trustees, Treasurer, Secre- 
f and Collector of the Fire Department. 
4tb. Exempt Engineers. 
Slh. Exempt Firemen, 

6th. The Banners and Implements to be equally distributed 
through the Une under the direction of the diflercnt Marshals. 
The Brooklyn and Williamsburg Firemen in the centre. 

After tlie ceremonies shall have been performed, the proces- 
ses will be reorganized and proceed up Greenwich street to 
Gaoftl, through Canal to Broadway, up Broadway to Grand 
~ I, through Grand street to East Broadway, down East 
way to Chatham square, and then be dismissed. 
e Firemen are requested to wear crape on the left arm. 
By order of the Committee of Arrangements, 
J AS. GULICK, Chairman. 
Dbue B. Palmer, Socretary. 

Doc. No. 15.] 

■•! AT A JtBETilMl OK TUB LftNV8NTH>N tir Til 

Held on Monday last, at Cronly's, it was unaHonousltf 

Resoli'fd, Tlmt Uie Trades' Uniun accept the invitatioa uf 
the Honorable the Cotnmon Council, and Join in paying due 
honor to the memory of La Fayette. 

That a Cominiltee be appointed to confer with the Com- 
mittee of the C'ominon Council, and that the following gentle- 
men compose that Committee: — Robert Townsend. Jon., 
David Scott, and James B. Anderson. 

That the following gentlemen be appointed a Committee erf" 
Arrangements, viz: J. Crugior, R. Taylor, J. W. Moulton, 
W. Hewitt, J. H. Bowie, J. Brown, and C. S. Wri^L 

That the different Trades composing tlic Union be requt 
to join in the ceremonies of this day. 

ISAAC ODELL, President pro tenfcij 

Joiis H. Bowie. Secretary. 


The members of the Typographical Association of New- 
York, are requested to meet at the Association Room, 15 Park 
row, this day, at one o'clock, p. m. preparatory to joining in the 
procession, as a last tribute of respect to the lamented La 


H. D. BRISTOL. l*re!iidcnt. 

A. H. KitAtmi, Secretary 


Ill [Doc. No. 15» 


At a regular monthly meeting of the Association of Jour- 
ncymea Bookbbders, of the City and County of New- York, 
held at Mr. Cronly's, 15 Park row, on Monday evening, June 
S3, 1634, it was UDanimously 

Resolved, Tliat this Association join in the procession with 
Ihe General Trades' Ifnion, in paying ftinei-al honors to the 
memory of General La Fayette, and a general invitation be 
respectfully given to all the trade, to unite with us and join the 
procession. To assemble at the Society's room, Cronly'a, Pfut 
row, on Thursday, 2(ith instant, at nine o'clock, a. u. 

JAMES McBEATH, President. 

Gbosoe Hooc, Secretary. 


At a meeting of the Journeymen Coopers' Benevolent So- 
ciety, held at Harmony Hall, on Saturday evening last, it wai 

Resoloed, That the Society accept the invitation of the Com- 
inittec appointed by the Common Council of this City, to join 
ID the procession this day, to pay funeral honors to the memery 
flf Geseral La Fayette. 

In accordance with ihe above Resolution, the members of 
tbc Society, and the Coopers of New York and Brooklyn, both 
the employers and cmjiloyed, arc requested to meet at Hai- 

Lmfffly Hall, ihia day, at twelve o'clock, p. m. 
ROBERT TAYLOR. President. 
Prrek McBm»E. Sccrotan'. 


Doc. No. !5] 


The members of the New- York Union Society of Journey- 
men House Carpenters, and nil others connected with the 
trade., are requested to meet at Military Hal!, No. 198 Bowery, 
(opposite Spring street.) on Thursday, 26th instant, at ten 
o'clock, A. H. preparatory to joining in the procession, to render 
funeral honors to the memory of the late illustrious and mndi 
lamoQted La Fayette. By order of 

EBENEZEK FORD, Prenident. * 



J Secretaries. 


The Members of the NEW-Vonx BEMEvoLEm- Socutt or 
JomutKVitfEN Cabinet M\krrs, nrc respectfully requested to 
be punctual in attendance on Thursday, at twelve o'cioclt, at 
the Shakspcarc hotel, for the purpose of i>aying funeral honors 
to General La Fayette. 

THOS. McDonald. President. 
B, S. GtLLBSPiF. Corresponding Sccrctarj'. 


All tliose wishing to join in the procession willi the respec- 
tive body, are requested to moot at the Sixth Ward hotel, cm, 
Thursday, at twelve o'clock, A. M. hy special request of 
ie]egfi.Vii Committee. 



113 [Doc. No \ii^ 

The Smiths' Beneficial Societti' respectfully invite the 
Smiths in general of the City of Now- York and Brooklyn, 
to join with them on Thursday next, the 26th instant, at twelve 
o'clock A . M. at Harmony Hall, corner of William and Duane 
streets, to join tJie procession, ngreeably to tlie invitation of 
the CommoD Council, in paying the funeral honors to General 
La Fayette. 

JAMES L. MILLER, President, 

RoBT. Harrdvro, Secretary. 


All those who may wish to join the Tin Plate and Sheet ' 
Iron Workers' Society, in paying their last tribute to the fit : 
neial honors of General La Fayette, will please meet at Cron- 
ley's, 15 Park row, on Thursday next, 26th instant, at twelve ] 

By order of the Committee of Arrangements, 



Agreeably to a resolution passed at a meeting of the trade, ' 
beld at Harmony Hall. June 24th, all connected with the bust 
ness arc hereby rcs]<;ctfully invited to attend at Harmony ' 
Hall this day, at one o'clock, for the purpose of joining in tbe I 
proceaston to pay a last tribute of respect to the memory of I 
General La Fayette. 

By order of the Committee. 

Z. B. GARDNEll,SecTmTv. 

Doc. No. 15.] 114 


Matob's Office, Jane 25th, 1884. 

The Constables and Marshals of the City of New»Yoik^ 
are hereby directed to appear at the City Hall, with their 
staves of office, on Thursday 26th instant, at one </clock» 
P. M. and report themselves to Mr. Jacob Hays, the High 

By order of the Mayor. 







A special meeting of the Common Council of the City of 
' Brooklyn, was held on Tuesday evening, at which the Mayor 
laid before the Board a communication, from the Committee on 
the part of the Common Council of the City of New- York, 
inviting this Board to unite with them in the funeral honors to 
the memory of General La Faycllo, on Thursday next. 

The communication was accept<Hl, and Messrs, Brush, 

Sackett, Cunningham, Furman, and Wilson, were appointed a 

Committee to inform the Committee from New- York, of the 

acceptance of the invitation, and to make suitable arrange- 

!15 [Doc. No. I5i 

iiwM» for the funeral honors. The Committee made llic fol- J 
lowing report, which was accepted and adopted. 

The Commiltee to whom was rffcrrcd tlie subject of paying 
funcraJ honors to the memory of General La Fayette, respect- 
fully recommend that the members of this Corporation wear 
the osual badge of mourning for thirty days, and that the May- 
or's dedt be hung in mourning for tlie same time. That the 
ownera and masters of vessels at the wharves be requested to i 
have their colors half mast during Thursday next. That th? 1 
penons in charge of llie churches be requested to cause th^ 1 
bells to be tolled at the same hours with those in the City of*l 
New- York on that day. That a copy of the resolutions and ' 
tccommendations be transmitted by the Clerk to Commodore 
Ridgeley, with the respects of tliis Board, and with a request 
that be will cause such honors to be paid to the memory of 
' General La Fayette, at the Navy Yard, on Thursday next, as- 
be may deem proper. 

There were, at this meeting, several appropriate resolutions 
passed, demonstrative of the high respect in which that great 
and good man was held, concluded by the following : 

Retolved, That this Corporation accept the invitation from 
the Corporation of the City of New- York, and will pnite with 
oar sister City in all acts to perpetuate tlie fame of a man, 
who in life was the admiration nf the civilized world. 

Resolved, That Thursday next l>e set apart as a day for 
the observance of fimeral honors for the gallant soldier, who 
died without fear and without reproach, and that a Special 
Committee be appointed to arrange iJic ceremonies of the day. 

Retolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the 
Corporation of the City of New-York, ajid that they be re- 
quested to transmit the same, together with their own, to tlie 
femily of General La Fayette. 

Doc Mo. IS^] 116 


Naval DsrAKmnr, Jane SI, 1884. 
In c(»ifoniuty with the accompanying General Order firan 

the President of the United States, in bonor of the monofy 
of General La Fayette, you will, on the day fcdlowing ibe n- 
capl of this, cause twenty-four guns to be fiied in quick nc- 
cession at day break, and one gun every balf hour thereafinr 
till sunset ; and the flags d' the several statioos will be, during 
llic day, at Italf maaL 

All oflicers of the Navy and Marine Corps will wear ci^ie 
on the left arm for six months. 




It is rare that the death of one man makes an impression 
widely felt in two hemispheres. The demise of a tnonardi 
may. at limes, be followed by consequences operating on distant 
nations, and a political shock may tlicrcforc pervade the remotest 
regions of its influence ; but llth is not a common occurrence ; 
and when it does take place, it is rather the change in the oflicet 
tian the mere loss of liim who filled it, which creates the sen- 

But it has happened — to the honor of the race, and pre- 
eminently to the honor of the individual, be it spoken ; — it has 
happened that a man occupying no seat of power and bear- 
ing no distinctions but those of merit, has, by his virtues, so 
endeared himself to his fellow men, ihat his decease has struck 
BO electric chord of sorrow in the breasts of millions, though 
dispersed throughout the world ; and associated in sympathy 
fliose whom no bond of national alliance holds in unison, and 
wham intervening oceans sever. 

Such a death has been too lately recorded to be for a mo- 
ment out of recollection. 

On the 19th and 20th of June the journals of our City an- 
nounced the termination, at Paris, just one month previously, 
of the mortal career of General La Fayette. 

In pomting to his honored name, we show a bright example 
of the character described ; and at once e^iplain the homage 
of grief with which two great nations have borne testimony 
to Us bote. 


Doc. No. 15.] 



■ period ( 

H ilg ardui 

The history oi this illustriuuH individual is well known fo 
ntl If... frl.-ri.Is of (jr^^om. No son .^f France nt, inhabitant 
ul (Ills Ke].iil>lic. iiu ciiliglilcnL'd iLiiiu, liviiif,' within ihi- lusi half 
century, can be ignorant of his early and gt-neruus untliusiasm 
in the cause of liberty, or his ooiistant atiJ muunbitiuus devo- 
tion to the same great object through a long and most eventful 

For this, he nobly spumed the blandishments of rank and 
wealth, ere he had scarce arrived at manliood ; for this, be left 
the seductive channs of a gay and glittering court, at an age 
when they are seen in tlieir most alluring aspect, and periled 
life and fortune in the cause of an oppressed and feeble nation. 

For thjs, he long endured the hardships of the camp and the 
exposures of the field : for tlus, he employed hia talents and 
spent his property, without one selfish end to be accomplished, 
andat the cost of all the enjoyments usually so much valued 
by those who can command tlicm. 

For this, when his fondest wishes for the young Ilcpublic 
had been fulfilled, in the attainment of her inde[)cndencc, — 
returning to his native land, he raised his voice in behalf of a 
persecuted class of his fellow citizens. 

For this, he advocated the emancipation of the slaves. 

For this, when the dark and dreadful storm of anarchy and 
confusion overspread the fair land of France, and her fields 
were deluged in blood, he interposed to protect, as far as might 
be, the victims of an inTuriatcd populace and an infatuated pre- 
tence of liberty. 

For this, he hazarded liis lite in arms and in tJie Council ; 
and for this, he bore witness to liie puriiy and diainteresludncss 
of his purposes, in tlie loathsome dungeons of Olniutz, 

For this, he subsequently scorned the temptations held out to 
obtain his concurrence in the plans of Naixileon's ambition ; 
while he lost do opportunity to act for the advantage of his 

For this, he continued to take part in public affairs at a 
period of life when men are commonly anxious to retire from 
jla arduous duties ; and for this, when more ilian seventy years 

[Doc, No. 15. 

itmd Wd thrir burdr'ns rm his frame, he sUH stood ready at hit 
country's call ; and in the memorable scenes of the Revolution 
of 1830, took the supreme commiind of her vast military 
force, to guide, control and direct it in support of lawful g07- 
emmeut, and in defence of liberty and order. 

He died, yet actively engaged in the public service ; closing 
bis mortal labors as one of the representatives of the people, 
appointed by llicir free election, 

Justly may such a man be loved and venerated ; and justly 
may his death be universally depkircd. With Americans, io- 
■deed, it were a deep disgrace did they not in every proper mode 
evince their respect to his character, and llieir gratitude for his 
■ervicea. They have done it, — as became ihem, while their 
fiiend and benefactor was living ; and ifiey have renewed their 
testimoaials of attachment on tlie sad occasion of his death. 

" Qtfu drtuleriB lU pn^tir, out mmlui 

Our newspapers, dressed in the garb of mourning, having 

firoclaimed the event which so painfully signalized the 20th of 
*Msy, in the rrcuch capital, the atHicUve stroke produced an 

instantaneous response of grief in every bosom. The lan- 
^age of the press, and the ctjnvcrsation of our citizens on first 
Jeaming the intelligence, were alike indicative of the tone of 

public tecling and of tlie measures to be adopted as a suitable 

[Expression of this regard, 

k Immediately upon receiving the account, the shipping in 

port displayed its colors at half mast, and other individual 
4DaniicKtations of the pervading sentiment were extensively 
,«xhibited. To give tbrm and substance to the prevailing dis- 
-posilion, a special meeting of the City Government was assem- 

liled williout delay. The proceedings herewith reported were 
.kad 00 tlic occasiuQ. 

t The Conirnitlee appointed under these resolutions, the next 
i^y, issued a general notice of 0\c time and manner oi A^ 
:coDtciapfatud /kmuiv in tlw iwtnury of the dead. 

Doc ^o. 15.] 108* ■ 

During Uic period between the publication of this plan aod 
the day fixed on for carryiog it into effect, meetinga weie 
called and arrangements made, by vaiious bodies of citizens, 
for participaiing, in their associate capacity, in the sad ceremo- 
nial. The notices of tJiese several meetings are annexed. 

The Committee subsequcBtly issued more paTticular direc- 
tions for regulating tlic public solemnities. They will be found 
in anotlier place. 

The day set apart for the funcml observances waa the 26tli 
of Juoe. As the morning opened, tlie discharge of artillery 
bom the several forts, gave tlie earliest demonstration of wliul 
engcosaed the universaJ thought. On this signal, tlie naUonal 
standard, veiled in crape, was displayed frcnn the public build- 
ings, and in hundrcdij of oUier places ; while tike flags of ihc 
shipping, suspended at half mast, indicated lliat seamen aod 
landsmen were alike partakers in one sentiment of sorrowful 

Before the hour designated, a thronging multitude from 
every section of the city, witli thousands Irom die neighboring 
towns and villages, began to congregate ; and tlic different mih- 
Uiy corps and civic associations, having met at their respective 
rendezvous, according to appointment, joined the concourse of 
ibeir fellow citizens at tlie Park ; from which, at half past 3 
o'clock, P. M. tlic procession took its march. A shower occur- 
ring about three o'clock had occasioned a. little inconvenience 
and delay, but it soon passed over, and the weatlicr afterwards 
was most propitious. 

Tlie procession, arranged under the supcrintenilcnce of tlic 
Grand Marshal of the day, assisted by die several gentlemen 
mentioned in the programme, formed an imposing spectacle. 
Crossing the Park in front of tlic City Hall, each division linv- 
ing its appropriate badges and banners clad in deep mourning, 
it moved forward, under a solemn knell resounding from the 
Hall and all the Cliurclies, and with minute guns discharged by 
the veteran cori>s, stationed at Uic Battery. The Grand Mar- 
shal, with his tliirtceu Aids, all dressed .in chiqicaus and full 
uiits of mourning, willi black silk scarfs, and mounted on 

'jveback, fed iha way, Tlw badge woTn W iKosc wlw 

109* [Doc. No. 13. 

xnarehetl in procession was a small bust of La Fayette, printed 
on satin, with the Genius of America weeping over her favor- 
ite. The column proceeded through Clialham street and the 
Bowery to Broome street — passed down the latter to Broad- 
way.aiid continued \u march along this avenue to the Battery, 
Walking six abreast, the line was so extended, by the vast num- 
bers in the tnin, that those who led the way, after the long 
circuit described — about two miles, arrived opposite the Parit 
on the^ return, before the last ranks of the processton hsd 
commenced their movement. 

The mUitary consisted of various Manpanies, appearing in 
their diflercnt styles of uniform, all bearing their arms rerersed, 
and together forming a body of five or six thousand men. 
The solemn and plaintive notes of their music — their slow 
and measured Uead — their emblems of sorrow, and the re. 
colleclion of the event which caused the pageant, gave it a 
deeply affecting and impressive character. 

The clergy, following the military, were succeeded by a 
white charger, led by a groom, caparisoned with black trap, 
pings, and the equipage of an officer ; and next came the 
■acred symbol of a golden urn, inscribed with the cherished 
name of the deceased. It was drawn by four gray steeds, in 
full mourning; and over it hovered tlie American Eagle, hold> 
ir^ a wreath in his beak. The whole was veiled in crape. 
Around the urn (he corps of La Fayette Guards formed a 
hoUow square ; and as they marched, with trailing arms and 
downcast looks of sadness, oJTorcd a melancholy contrast to 
the air of joyous hilarity with which they had formerly escort- 
ed the Nation's Guest, along the very pathway where ihey now 
did hoDor to his ashes. The band of the orchestra of the Ital- 
ian Opera Company came next, with cymbals, drum, basa 
drum and trumpet, and other instruments, from which the so- 
lemn strains of well selected music, fell mournfully on the car* 
and added greatly to the effect which the scene itself so reck- 
dily excited. The pall bearers, chosen from the revolmionaiy 
officers by the Cincinnati Society, as noticed in the programms* 
came next in two barouches, lullowed hy four other Wrovu 


Doc. No. 15 

1 HI* 

with tho ^Tncrablo mcmbfrs nf the Society mentioned. ' Then 
the Mayor, the Common Council of ihis City «nd of lirookiyn, 
all with their slaves nl' nfTicc, an<l dressed in di.'cp mourning. 
After Uiem the Masonic Sfx'iely, with all their gorgeous symbols, 
counting from 6ve to six iiundrcd persons ; followed by Major 
General Scott, of the Uiiiteit Suies Anny, and staff; and all 
the olficcrs of ilic Army and Navy on the Blation, in full dress. 
Then the military olficcrs of the infantry off duly, in full uni- 
forms, and about two hundred in number. To these succeeded 
in their respective places, according to the order prescribed, 
the body of French citizens and residents, with the Consul of 
France in fiiil dress, at their head, and accompanied by the 
olIiccrB of a French corvette in port, dressed in their Rational 
uniform ; the officers and members of the Universities, in their 
black gowns ; the fire companies, with their insignia, having 
among their decorations a full length poruait of La Fayette ; 
and last the different societii.-s and artizans composing the 
Trades Union ; the Hibernian Societies with their emllematic 
badges of green ; and other citizens. 

During the passage of the long procession, the street) were 
lined, the steps, doors, balconies and windows, and in many 
cases the very roofs of the houses, were thronged with specta- 
Uxtt, showing the deepest interest in the scene before them. 

At half past live the bands of tlie military playing dead 
uarehcs, were heard approacliing the Castle Garden ; and it 
would be difficult to convey a just impression of the imposing 
EpGctacIc witnessed on tlie arrival of the procession at the Bat- 
tery. From the gate on Broadway, and along the bridge to 
the gate of the Castle, the troops opened into two double lines, 
and in this reversed order, amidst the glitter of martial imple- 
ments and the alternate strains of the music, were seen (lie 
broad silken banners of die societies Hoating under the trees 
as the setting sun shone brightly ujwn them. The corps of 
Veterans and New-York Cadets had, during the movement of 
the procession, fu^d minute guns to the number of years of the 
deceased. They and the real of liie military, which now occu- 
/ijed iJie whole Battery, took liieir ile]»artui-e as soon as tho 

Ill* [Doc. No. 15- 

tocielies and urn had entered Uie Castle. The Garden, 
rherever circiimstaDces admitted it, was hung with black. In 
(he gallery op^xisite the lostnim in front of llie great saloon, a 
(emperary orchestra was erected, which was shrouded in 
mourningi and was occupied by the Band of the Choir of the 
New- York Sacred Music Society. The rostrum was cover- 
ed with the American Ensi^ and with folds of crape. 

The societies on entering took their places in different parts 
of the Gai'den, and their various banners all shrouded and ele- 
TBted in every direction, added materially to tlie solemnity of 
the sceoe. The funeral urn, with the four grays which drew 
it, was placed between llie fountain and rostrum, the company 
cf La Fayette Guards being stationed around it. As the pro- 
cession came in, the choir In the gallery chauntcd a requiem, 
'whose faint music seemed to die on the breeze with a sofl and 
louching melancholy that deeply affected every auditor. 

A vast multitude now filled the spacious amphitheatre, all 
penetrated with a common sentiment of grief, and all prepared 
lo join with hcartlelt interest in the religious duties for wliich 
Ihey were there assembled. It was an unexampled exhibition, 
commemorating no ordinary bereavement As the life of the 
departed had been without precedent, so his obsequies were - 
without a parallel. 

After the lapse of an hour spent in silent sadness, the funeml 
KTvice commenced with tlic following hymn, arranged to the 
of Handel's March in Saul. 

UD*eil thy bmom luithful tomb, 
Toko thin Dew Irouuro lo th; trual. 
And give Ulawi lacred ruLjcd room, 
To lluiubOt ID the (UcDl duni, 

Ncr pun, noi gtior, nor iniiout hit 
lavadu ihj bonndi. No mortal woes 
Can roach ibo peicorol ■le«pcrhorc. 
While uigeli watch Ihe loft rcpote. 

Break rrom hit ihninci illuitrioui mern '. 
Attend, Oeinli ! hla Kiv'rdgn ward ; 
Rcatoni th/ Iratt—* glariimt Arm 


Doc. No. 15.] 1I2* 

The right Rcvcrund Bishop Ondurdonk, of Ihc Protesbnit 
EpiacojKLl Church, then read from the 15lli chapter of the first 
Epialleof St. Paui to the Corinthians, commencing at the 20th 
verse, to the end. He also read part of the Episcopal Service 
for the Burial of the Dead, during wliich. and at the close, the 
following piccea of music were performed and sung ; 




Et«d « Biib Uu Spirit, far limy 


Great Cod '. whit do I neo ind heu 1 
llin asd of lliLnp cicnlsd,— 

Tha judgottf mimkind doo>>p|Hkr, 
Ob cltHiiii of glorji watcd ;— 
TIms Inimpet lOUDdl,— the graiaa rmture 
The dead which \bcj conlaiocd before,— 
I'rspua m J hhiI id meet him. 




Why iboald wa lUtt and leu lo dla 1 
Daiith if iha gule of andlaii jnf, 
Aott iTBl "* dread to eotai Ibant. 
Jeiui uu nMke a dying htd 
FQal Kift » downy pillowi ara. 
Wb'ilo on liii bieail 1 lean Jity head, 
And Urcsttae my life out twcatl)' iboi 

113* [Doc. No 15, 

Tiie honorable James Tallmadge then pronouoced an Eulo- 
gy ; at the close of which, just as the shades of evening rested 
upon the City, the ceremonial of sorrow was concluded ; and 
the mighty concourse was gradually dispersed. 

One act alone remained ; and this, perhaps, by its circum- 
stances and associations, the most touching to which the 
occasion gave birth. In the silence of midnight the um and 
eagle — the very emblems wliich had been similarly exhibited 
on the death of Washington himself, were borne back to their 
place of deposit, under escort of the Guards, mournfully 
moving to the dead march music, and lighting their path with 
funereal torches. 

W« w^ ■■. ytrnf* ««y, 

LAmr. aOHMUl 

am-1^ hm n. MM 

New- You, June S7, 1834. 

I bq; to I6ii3er my acknowledginents for the coin{dimentary 

'flwaBer in nWdi a copy of ^ addran delhrerod by me, in 

uililinn !o La F8yeClie,» adced for piAlicatioiL 

^'^IIb HMnmiMaM ef Itfttte, as your arrangements allowed 

i« ilitf '«ily ^Ubw dqrs pieoe^ the deliveiy. I shoidd be 

ililkm'ilti^ if Hi publication could be omitted 


' 'Ae-^ltteeMi^ at deliveied^ however enoloaed, and oom- > 
''MillMl^tf^jNNir'diacretiou and kindness. 

•I am,€Santlemen, with great respect, your's, &c. 


L. SUYDAM, Etquires, Commiltee, ^r. 


uow Citixeiib: 

CoutD I imbibe inspiration from my subject, and 
r Were my powers equal to my wishes, you should have no cause 
[ to regret my having consented to appear before you on thia 
f. jninTu] and interesting occasion. Sensible of the magmtudo 
[ of the duty, I did not, however, feel at Hberty to refuse compli-^ 
B with the requisition of your City Authorities, "to deliver 
u brief address" in commemoration of him to whom we owa 
' 10 large a debt of gratitude. We are assembled by a commoB" 
impulse, under the municipal authorities, and in tlie presence 
cf the Clergy, the Official Representatives of the Colleges, ths 4 
University and Learned Societies, the Cincinnati, the Militiuyi * 
(be Charitable and Mechanic Institutions of the City, the 
Fire Companies, the French and Grand Lodges of Free Ma- 
nns, to bear our part in the pubUc mourning, commemorative 
of the death of one of our most illustrious citizens. 

La Fatbtte is no more ! — Our friend, our benefactor is gone I 
— On the morning of the 21st May, 1834 his earthly career 
was closed and his spirit took its flight to anotlier, and a better 
world ! 

To appreciate the deeds and the character of a Man — to 
estimate the value of his public services, the magnitude of the 
obligations, and the extent of the gratitude a people owe for 
benefits ngnally conferred, — it seems fit and necessary to ob- 
serve the era in which he lived, and the circumstances under 
which he acted, and hastily to look over the surrounding scene. 
If we turn back the pages of History, and listen to the story 
of civil and religious experience, the view is one of gloom and, 


Doc. No. 15.] 118 

darkness. It is the story of violence and oppreasioa— of am- 
tiaued outrage on all the rights and the happiness of man. It 
is tile u ranny of the few over the lives and fi>rH:nes of the 
many. The extent of the despotism is indicated by the cheap- 
ness in which the common people and their rights and sacri- 
fices are estimated, by the assertors of the legitimate and divine 
right of ruleja. Centuries have rolled away, while universal 
despotism swayed its iron sceptre over the civilized world. 
Man lay degraded and debased ; learning was banished from 
the face of the earth, or locked up in cloistered cells ; civil li- 
berty was unknown ; ecclesiastical tyranny sat in dreadful 
majesty over a prostrate world, bound down under the formula 
of its discipline. The genius of a great reformer, untied the 
cords of oppression ; broke the bands of ecclesiastical tyranny ; 
burst asunder the shackles of superstition ; taught man to think, 
and learned the human mind to stand redeemed and regener- 
ated; and consumated that glorious religious reformation which 
we now enjoy. 

Civil and political liberty, if tlie birth had then occurred, 
had not yet a place in tlie habitable world. It was about the 
the middle of the last century, when the grasp of despotisni, 
as the concussion of the flint, elicited a spark, which, like the 
dove from the ark, found no habitation in the old, and ultimately 
rested in this new world. It here kindled a fire of Uberty, 
which yet burns with a pure and holy ilame, which has cast 
its hght into the darkest recesses of oppression, and exhibited 
the despots of the whole world setting in dreadful tyranny over 
the liberties of their people. 

This eventful period called our own great and good Wash- 
ington into the field. His immortal compatriots who composed 
the Congress of '76 declared our nation free ! and pledged to 
each other, to their country and to the world, in support of 
that declaration, " their fortunes, their lives and their sacred 
honor." It was a fearful conflict, but relying on the justice of 
their cause, and putting their trust in the god of battles, our 
thera entered upon the mighty strife. 



[Doc. No. 

That we exist as a nation, that we are ])ro9peroiis as a peo- 
[4e, thai we are permitted as individuals lliis day lo assemble, 
to pour out our mourning on the decease of another patriot, 
friend wid benefactor, La Fayette, are blessings flowing from 
the high enterprise and noble daring of him, united with our 
ftlhers. We are lliis day assembled to renew our thanks to 
God, for having bestowed such signal blessings on our country. 
We come to purify our hearts by the contemplation of such a 
bright example of patriotism, as La Payette : •' To benefit our- 
selves by calling to mind what he suffered and achieved for 
na ; and while we view his virtues and actions, in the hope, tliat 
if we may not aspire to the height of his renown, we may be 
encouraged to an humble imitation of his integrity, his honor 
Ub candor, his dismterested patriotism, his generosity, his ar- 
LiftDt and steadfast devotion to the best interests of our 

ft' His history is associated with the rise, progress, and destiny 
m0 this nation, and with the cause of liberty throughout the 
Idvilized world. 

I * La Fayette ^vas bom on the Gth September, 1757. He was 

F adocated at ihc college in Paris, and at an early age placed at 

[ fiburt as an officer in one of the guards of honor. At the age 

tl eeventeen he was married to the grand daughter of the 

Duke De Noilles. It was under these circumstances that the 

young Marquis La Fayette entered upon a career so little to 

be expected from a youth of vast fortune, of high rank, of pow- 

f flHul connections, and in favor at the most brilliant and fascin- 

', court in the world. But tlie gaities and dis^pations of 

B French Capital, and the blandishments of court favor, pre- 

■led DO charms to this young Nobleman. He sighed for no- 

r deeds. He sprung from infancy to manhood, overstepping 

l! age of youth, so seductive to others, and with it, all its in- 

d follies and errors. Aided by rank, family and fortune, 

1 and military promotion was williin his reach ; but office 

r isnk held forth no allurement to a mind impelled by a love 

f rf nlional liberty, and a generous philanthropy to his fellow 

He had learned the power and usages of the French 

Doc. No. 15.] 120 

Governmcnl, and he had witnessed the oppresaicxi of uib o 
mon people under tlie petty tyranny of the feudal systcnti, then 
in its full force in that countrj-. At this crisis of his life the 
Declaration of American ludcpcndcnce arrived at Paris. He 
at once nobly determined to espouse the cause of this country. 
It was at the most gloomy period of our struggle. A feeble 
army without clothing or arms.was with difEculty kept together 
before a victorious and powerful enemy ; the country was with- 
out resources or credit. When the American agents confessed 
they could not furnish him a conveyance, " tlien," uud be, " I 
will fit out a vessel for myself." He did so, and arrived at 
Charleston on the 25th April, 1777, being then only 1 years old. 
The sensation produced by ids arrival in this country was great. 
It encouraged the almost disheartened people to hope for success, 
and induced lliem to expect sympathy and succor from one of 
the most powerful nations of Europe. On his arrival he was 
offered a command in the continental army, which he declined. 
But raised and equipped a body of men at his own expense, 
and entered the service as a volunteer without pay. Hisser* 
vices were active, and eminently useful, and his conduct mark- 
ed with so rare a combination of talent, prudence and valor, 
that in July, 1777, he was appointed a Major General, and in 
September following, received a pledge of his devotion to our 
cause, in a wound at the battle of tlie Brandywioe. In 1778 
he received the thanks of the country for his important services. 
The occasion requires brevity, and commands me to omit 
details even of the prominent events in the life of this distin- 
guished individual. I must be content to say. La Fayette 
gained the full confidence of the country, and of the Comman- 
der in Cliief, in whose family he lived. He was engaged in 
the cabinet or in the field, wherever his services could be most 
beneficial to our cause. In either capacity he was alike distin- 
guished for his wisdom in council, and his valor in the field. 
Twice he relumed to France, and was eminently useful in ne- 
gotiations, and obtaining supplies and forces from that Govem- 
-ment Congress in 1781, in addition to renewed demonstra- 
tions of their approbation, bestowed upon him the novel and 

131 [Doc. Ko. Ifc J 

w, of desiring tlie American Ministers " to confer • 
with him in their negotiations." 

While he commanded io the Southern campoigD, Cormooff^ 1 
with a superior force, boasted " the boy could not escape him," 
but the siege of Yorktown, the atonnir^ the redoubt, and th0 [ 
capture of the enemy furnished ample proof, even to hiaLord* 
ahip, that " the boy" was equal to the occasion. 

During the arduous struggle for American Independe&C^i I 
La Fayette was the companion of Washington and his brethren ] 
in arms. Wherever tliere was a place of trust, or a post cf 4 
danger, it was occupied by him. When our skeleton amtgi 
wanted bread, and, without clothing, left traces of their marv^isft I 
by the blood from their naked feet, this, our friend and benft' 
&ctor, generously supplied their necessities from his o 
resources. And, when his ample and princely fortuae i 
exhausted'in our cause, he, at one time, borrowed upos l^ J 
personal responsibihty, two thousand guineas to support a 
army and sustain the Southern campaign. 

Bom to rank, and entitled to the highest honors under o 
of the proudest Governments of the world. La Fayette he)^ J 
them as empty baubles, and placed his ambition and claim ^^ 
fame, upon his untiring zeal in the cause of liberty, and td» T 
devotion to the civil freedom of his fellow man. At an ag^ I 
when men often become ambitious of equipage, and idly riot J 
in fashionable follies and youthful indulgenciea. La Fayettt [ 
gave his time to the councils of the camp and the perils of dMI J 
field; — while the plaudits of the American army, and t 
thanks of the American Congress "for services renderedi^m 
were the trappings of his ambition. How brilliant the speCM 
tacle ! How glorious the consummation ! 

Will not the young men of our country " bum within" on 
beholding such an example? Will they not arouse ftwn 
indolence and ease, and enter upon the laudable ambition at 
least, to merit the plaudits of their families and their friends 
ibr some services rendered T To induce to an effort so nofal^ 
it should ever be remembered that La Fayette entered oMf j 
Bervice at the age of 19, — accomplished his youthful i 

Ooc. No, 15.1 


'With 09, and, at the acknowledgmeat of American Indepeo^ .' 
-dence, retired with ihe blessing of this people and ihe ^titudv ( 
xif this nation, when he was only in the 26th year of )ii8 age [ < 

Wheo the Government was established. La Fayette ' 
invited by Washington and others to revisit this country. He i^ 
came in 1784, and was every where greeted with cnihusiastn ' 
and affection. Before his return, Congress appointed a depu- 
tation consisting of ono member from each slate, " to take 
leave of him, on behalf of the country, and assure him that 
IheM United States regard him with particular afTecUon, and 
will not cease to feel an interest in whatever may concern hi» 
jHXior and prosjierity." 

The work of freedom, in which he had been associated in 
this country, being accomplished. La Payette returned to tus 
native France. 

The limits prescribed to mc on the present occaaon foif>id 
recKaJ, and scarcely allow an allusion to the important events 
on the continent of Europe, in which he was a conspicuous 
setor. Guided by principle, and true to Ihe ruling passion 
of his life, to alleviate the oppressed, (though a Catholic him- 
self,) he is found endeavoring to ameliorate the condition of the 
Protestants in France, and to effect universal emancipation. 
To advance civil liberty — by providing for the responsibility 
of the officers of the crown — by the suppression of State 
Prisons, and the prevention of arbitrary arrests — with a. regu- 
lated security for the hfe, liberty and property of the French 
subject, was the purpose, engrossing and dear to his philan- 
ihropic hearL Possessed of a liberal education, and instructed 
by his observations in America, he was the more sensible of 
ihe importance of learning as the comer stone of freedom — 
and he became assiduous to advance its cause by the establish* 
ment of primary schools, accessible to the common peojde. 
But all these plans of benevolent reform were doomed soon to ^ 
be engulphed in the tornado of the French Revolution, which \ 
burst upon the world in 1789. The appalling events of that 
1 tevolution are indelibly written. Suffice to say, in its early 
r, La Fayette was placed at the head of the National 

[Doc. Xo. 1^ 

Cuardu of France, and imitcd to wield ihe power of thai 
wonderful people. The sceptre waa ihen within the gntep of 
(lis "unlineal hand." The temptations of power, and the 
workings of ambition, induced him to no aberation. Tba^ 
power he used for a shield and the preservation, for a time, of 
Ihe royal family from popular violence. He would have n^ 
band in the work of blood ; — He would not break asunder a}) 
the Festraiuts of moral ties, by affixing upon accountable raa% 
the infidel inscription, " That deatli is an eternal sleep."— » 
He would not become a Jacobin ; and he refused to parlicipatij 
in the schemes of their mad career. 

The anarchists of the Revolutifin and the creatures of dea^ 
potic power alike haled the man whose virtues they would not 
imitate, and whose principles they could not endure. His crimen 
with the one, was his moderation, and with the other, his loT# 
of country. Proscribed under the reign of terror, he sought ror 
fuge in a neutral nation, where despotism doomed him to expialf 
his lore ofcountry, and his principles of freedom, in thedungeo)}. 
of Magdcburgh and in the prison at Olmutz. In France, the 
dirone which had fallen, was succeeded by an Imperial dcspo{ 
ti«m, rushing from victory to victory, and striding, in its colloff 
sal power, from the sands of Egypt to the wastes of Russia. 
In this mighty revolution La Fayette stood a spectator and a 
luflerer. No matter whether prince or populace, whether 
legitimate or usurper came uppermost in their mutations, they 
were alike bent on despotism and misrule. The mild lustr^ 
of the virtues of our benefactor served but " to hold the mirror 
op to nature," and win for him new sufferings. As he was a 
victim in the cause of freedom, so he was held its apostle. 
He was a beacon for tyrants to shun, while his pure and coa- 
aistent principles became a steadfast and living light, where, in 
the norms of Revolution, the patriot could offer his dyii^ 
ejaculations, and the whole world derive illumination. Thg' 
Genius of Revolution, in whatever shape it arose, assume^ 
liberal principles and sought his alhance — Emperor and King 
alike eadeavored to win him to their cause, but declining their 
Itroflered rank and honors, he stood in retiiement at LaGnmin\ 

Doc. No. r6.] lU 

■ltd only served as a Representative wUeu called by Ids fellt 

When the Bourbons in 1889, weak and wicked, wielded 
■ceptre of Louis the Fourteenth, and produced the ever i 
morable " three days of July," the " all powerful character i 
spotieu integrity of La Fayette, was interposed to save 
nation." All France was in his hand : the vacant throne bo> 
fore him, again beckoned him to a seat. " He preferred tlM| 
greatness of saving his country, to the glory of ruling it," 
His conduct then completed his renown, and gained for him i 
place in the opinion of the world, more pure and elct'atcd thaij 
was ever before awarded to mortal man. 

The eventful age in which we live is immeasurably advanced 
beyond every other, in all that is good, truly great and beneS- 
dal to the human race. A new impulse has been given to the 
poUtical condition of the world ; and a spirit of Liberty and 
Independence has walked abroad, shaking the tottering thrones 
of the despots of the earth. 

If the free institutions of this country have had their inJluei 
in this amelioration of the condition of man, and the wide 
tension of civil and religious liberty in other portions of 
globe, it is their earliest founders who arc entitled to gralil 
and honor. In this catalogue of worthies, La Fayette is 
<hh1 only to Washington, the Father of his Country. 

Gentlemen of the Cincinnati — You, too, and the worthy fii7i 
thers whom your younger members represent, are enrolled 
this list of benefactors. You have partaken in the toils 
the perils of La Fayette, and can remember and best apprec^ 
ate his worth and services. He is the last of the Major Gen- 
erals who led our army and directed your energies in the 
arduous struggle for Independence. It is your right, and your 
feelings prompt you, as you held the front rank with him 
battle, now to hold the same place with your fellow citizens, 
mourners at his tomb. 

In private life. La Fayette was kind and aifectionate ; social 
in all his feelings, his home was remarkable for his generous 
and unbounded hospitalities — Americans in France were ever 





,rj5 [Doc. No. 15. 

VvIcDmc inniates ni Ln Grangr. Bill why sliouM I dwell on 
lis jwrsonal cxceltcncie?, tu lliusc wtio have seen, and so well 
knew liim 7 Who ia dicro in lliis lan<l that docs not recollect 
him, at least, in his last visit to tliis cuunlry in '25 ? He came> 
I the urgent and oft repeated sr^lcilntions of the government 
and the people of this country ; he was ihc Guett of our naUon- 
: ardent and spontaneous demonstrations of respect and 
iflection from all grades and classes of our people, have been 
unequalled, to any individual, and without a parallel in the his- 
f of man. He visited every state in the Union. It was a 
Iriumphal march. Conquering heroes have sometimes receiveiR 
oblation from subjects, and titled ^eatncss has partaken of' 
^adulation from its parasites — biit power, place, or wealth cajii 
never purchase the full hearts and ovcrllowing souls of indc- 
jimdont freemen, which were then spontancouBly proffered to 
>La Fayette. The fitness and vaiiety of his answers promptly 
^pvtsa lo the numerous addrcsges made to him, in iho progress' 
■tf bis toitr throughout this nation, remains a full demonstration, 
irf'dio benevolence, ihe discretion and the peculiar ami great 
ttaktnts of this extraordinary man. 

If we cast a look over the life of La Fayette, the friend an4' 
4)caefiicior of our country, how cheering the proqicci ! how 
graufying the scene ! Bom at an age and in a country where 
civil freedom had no habitation, he devoted his eariiest Ijfc to 
minister in its cause ; and it was his latest boast that he was a 
' pupil of the American school. He rose in the midst of sur- 
rounding darkness ; he shone conspicuously to an admiring 
world ; and he has descended, like a setting sun, whose rays 
will illumine the [lath for the patriots of generations yet tu come I 
In an age Imhitualed ti] cruelties, and when human lile was held 
cheap, be was humane and tendeily syinpathiziitg. No blow 
iseverstruckhy hisann, — no btooili^verlKiwed from his acts, 
nvc in battle, and in the defence of his country ;inil of freedom. 
To 9erVe his country, was the passion of hJK life ; there is n» 
•ct of that life sunned by any selfish omsi derations •>■' jguohlo 
J purptMc. A iLilive of Friui'e, ;uvl a dUxen ^'f Ami?ricii, lie 
gave liim»'--lf t.> .u-mkind Tin. ir !.li;^.>ii.;' |.. iln: i^m'.tAist f^ 

F)oc. No. I;'i.] I2ti 

lerity, ajid imtJI lime slmll U- im niuiv. will U ihr r.-ward f 
his vitiuoiia life. 

He is iiow nu mon- ! The liiliiup of i^icf rcsniinil llirough- 
out our land ! Every city, town and counly, re-oclioes Uie 
note of sadness. La Fayette is cmbaltneil in the hearts of Uie 
American people. His name is inscribed on the charter of 
freedom, with that of Washington, and engraven as indeUbly 
as Uie name of our country. While civil freedom sliall con- 
tinue and spread throughout the globe, tJic name of America, 
of Washington and La Fayette, as the founders of the mighty 
fabric, will survive and be perpetual. Unlike the Fyronuds 
of Egypt, which, standing in the desert sands, have long since 
ceased to tell the name, or story, of their founders, — unlihclhc 
Bculplured marble, whose inscription erased, tells the Cdse 
lale of some monk, or mistress, or parasite of power, — unli 
tlie yet more durable monument of Napoleon, cast from 
cannon captured by him from the enemies of France, and 
which a statue of the Bourbons had Iwcn substituted, wliile 
remains of the mighty hero and conqueror, arc loft bloachi 
in the deserted St. Helena. Tlie only monument of 
able duration, is the virtuous life of a man, whose name i, 
scribed on the hearts of a fi-cc people, and whose story 
become a part of tlie learning of the country. Tliis worid Ims 
already awarded such a monument to I^ Fnyctte—wliose name 
and deeds are there engraven, never to be forgotten; anil 
where no tiilse inscriplion or substitute can evur have a place. 
His best eulogiuni is thi^ universal grief t^if an eiifnuichised 

Hj' I venture here, fellow citizens, to suggest, that we ask, 
ID the name of our country, fur ilie rnniiins of our benefactor, 
to be deposited and repi>sc m tins land whirh he so bravely 
defended, — and to be |)re8crved by l\m people, whom he so 
eminently aided to gain their place among the nationa of the 

BOARD OF AL.0£:R91£X, 

JULY M. 1834. 


* Offilk, New- York, July U, 1834. 

Gc.ntleHtcn of the Boaril of Aldermen, 

By a concuritiii resolution of the Cnmnion Council, adopted 
m tlie 19th ultimo, llie Mayor was rcquesKxi " lo express to" 
ibe family of Gcncial La Fayellc, llio deep sense of sorrow 
vhicb has jiervaded this conHmiiiiiy, in ccmseqiicnce of tbft ' 
decease of that early and tried friend of America." 

I lierewith communicate a copy of a letter addressed to 
George WoBhinglon La Fayette, which I propose to transmit 
by the packet of the Ifllh instant, unless otherwise instructed 
by the Common Council. 

I have delayed tlie fulfilment of this duty, in consequence 
of an informal intimation, that the Common Conncil would 
^bably cause to be prepared, a detailed account of the fa- 
Bern] obsequies, with the view to its transmission through tJio 
3 medium as the leilor of condolence, 


Doc. iNo. 15 

Mavob'b Offue. Nfw-Vu 

To GrMQC W. 

La Fa 


La Grange. 

Dear Sir, 

The Murucipal Authorities of New- York, penetrated wilti '| 
pruFound grief, at the loss wliich ihc fricnils of liberty nnd ' 
the riglits of man have sustained, in the death of your illuslrU 
ous father, have instructed me to transmit to the family of the 
deceased, an expression of tlicir condolence in this afflicUng 

Accompanying this communication, I place in your } 
a record of the proceedings of tlic Common Council, and I 
account of the arrangements made by my fellow cilizcna, for 
rendering funeral honors to the memory of one whom theM 
are proud to rank among the disttnguibhcd benefactors ( ~ 

The event that wc have been called on to deplore, baa filladl 
nil hearts with sorrow, and made this a land of mourning. JM 
has carried back our thouglils to lliat jicriod of gloom i 
dismay in our country's history, when a son of France with 
Blood the attractions of a. court, broke the tics of kindred a 
home, and perilled life and fortune in the cause of an oppress 
and almost despairing people. 

Gratitude and affection mingled in the ardent atlacl 
of every American for the friend of Wushington ; 
and venerution consecrate the tribute a nation pays 

There is on unfailing source of consolation to relatives vlkOB 
mourn the pure in heart und virtuous in life ; to none dot 
this more peculiarly belong, than to those who share the bto 
of La Fayette. 

Accept, I pray you, Sir, for yourself and family, i 
ance of llie sincere res|jeci und i-e^ard with which 
i iifii, voiir ulicdiciit servant, 


DOCUMEnrT NO. 16. 


JULY 7, 1834. 

The Joint Committee on Wharves and Public Lands and 
Places, to wliom was referred the Petition praying for an 
alteration in the Law relative to vessels laying in Peck slip^ 
presented tite following Report^ togeUicr ivith a Law, which 
loas ready laid on tlic tahle^ and directed to he printed for 
the use of tJie Members, 

J. MORTON, Clerk. 

The Joint Committee on Wharves and Public Lands and 
Places, to whom was referred the Petition of certain owners 
and occupants of the west basin of Peck sli[), praying that 
coasting vessels from other States besides New-Jersey and 
Connect'cut, sliould Ikj allowed to <:ome and lie within the said 
slip, respectfully 


That the Ordinance of the Corporation now provides tliat ** if 
any vessel exce[)ting such as shall belong solely to persons re- 
siding in tlie States of New-Jersey, Connecticut, or New- York, 
or either of those States, and trading to and from either of the 
said States and this City, shall be brought into, or shall lie at or 

Doc. No. 16.] 142 

within Peck slip, the owiifcr, master or |XJrsoii having charge 
of any such vessel, shall forfeit and pay for every such offence 
the sum of ten dollars." 

The Petitioners represent tliat the law, so far as respects the 
west basin of Peck slip, has never been enforced until recently ; 
on the contrary, that it has been considered as applying to the 
east basin only, and they request that the law may be so modi- 
fied as to permit, in terms, what has been allowed in &ct for 
twenty years past. 

The Committee, on inquiry, have ascertained that packet 
sloops and vessels from Massachusetts have been in the habit 
of coming into tlie west basin of Peck slip for a long time, and 
they can perceive no good reason for excluding tliem from this 
privilege, or for giving a preference, in this respect, to vessels 
from Connecticut or New-Jersey. 

They therefore recommend that the above Ordinance be so 
amended as to permit vessels from the States of Rhode Island 
and Massachusetts to use the said slips, and they have caused 
an ordinance to this effect to be prepared, which they now sub- 
mit, with the following resolution : 

Resolvedy That the said Ordinance, hereunto annexed, be 


G. HOrKINS, ^ Joint Committee 

JOHN BOI.TON, I on WlKirves and 

I public Lands and 


To amend the Law to regulate ihc It/ing of vessels at. Uie puhlic T 
Wharves ami ia the Slips, and to estahlUh titc raltt of \ 

^ 1. All vessels not exceeding one hundred tons in bui 
belonging solely to persons residing in the Slate of Rhode-] 
Island or of Massachusetts, and trading to and from either o 
the said States and this City, may be brought into and may liM 
at or within the west basin of Peck slip. 

§ 2. The twelfth section of the second title of the " Law b 
regulate the lying of vessels at ihe public Wharves and in th»a 
Slips, and to establish the rates of wliai-fage " is hereby amended.! 
so as to conform with this law. 



JULY 14, 1834. 

The following Communication was received from ItU Honor 
the Mayor, relative to the late Riots, which loas rea^ I 
accepted, and directed to be printed uuil pul/lis/ied in thf^ 
Neiospajicrx rmployed tnj l/ie Corportitini). 

3. MOUTON, Clerk, 

It becufflcs my duty tu <all your atlcntion to a subjecL deepljn I 

sflecting the clioraclcr of tliis (kHiimunity. The occurrence^ J 

I of the last week, I doubl nol, have awakened iii your ininds, an I 

iheyhaveinmtno, feelings, notonly or rcgrolibutofliumilialioiii I 

That any [wnion of a communily, coHiposed of citizens 
usually peaceable, orderly and wcli-disposcd, should have Uius 
suddenly tlirown aside their respect for the laws, and become 
participanta in scenes of riot and violence, is a drcumstance 
well calculated tu arrcsl the attention of the civil authoritiesf 
and to induce ihcm to consider what measures may be neces* 
aory to guaid tlie peace of iJic City, and to protect the right* 
aiul pro^icrly iff its inliabllaal't ;tgaiui(l similar outrages in 

Doc. No. 17.1 146 

The intimate association which I have had, informally, with 
the members of the Common Council, their advice and con- 
currence in the measures adopted for restoring the public peaoey 
and their consequent acquaintance with the facts, render it un- 
necessary for me to enter into any minute relation of the 
various disturbances which have taken place. It affords me 
satisfaction, however, to be enabled to state that no life has 
been lost, nor any serious personal injury sustained. The 
amount of property destroyed is much less than has been gene- 
rally apprehended. 

In noticii^ briefly the public acts of the Magistracy, I have 
to state, tint the efforts of the civil authority being found insitf- 
ficient to preserve the peace, I requested the aid of a portion 
of General Morton's command on Thursday. This assistance 
was cheerfully rendered, and proved extensively useful. On 
the afternoon of Friday I judged it expedient to issue a Proclor 
malidn, enjoining the citizens to refirain from all further viobir 
tioDS of the peace. A copy thereof accompanies this commu- 
mcation, marked A. On the evening of Friday, a more im- 
posing military force was in attendance, and the imited efforts 
of the civil and military power, it was thought would be suf- 
ficient to prevent a recurrence of the disorders. J regret to 
say that this expectation was disappointed. On the morning 
of Saturday I caused to be issued a second Proclamation, (a 
copy of which is also herewith communicated, marked B,) 
calling upon the citizens to offer their services, and upon the 
whole body of the military to lend their aid, in the preserva- 
tion of the public peace. It was the especial design of the 
second proclamation to destroy a delusion, which was believed 
to exist in the minds of the offenders, that the Magistrates did 
not possess sufficient power to direct an effectual use of the 
arms of the military. 

Great as was the anxiety to put down violence by the peace- 
ful weapons of the law, and to avoid, if possible, the last resort, 
yet the determination was early made and never shaken, to 
compel, at every risk, a submission to the laws. The military 
&»rces cm Friday night were provided with ball cartridgeSt 


[Doc. No. IT 

a were ordered to use them, if necessary, to prevent further 
commotion. Each detachment was accompanied hy one or 
more of the Civil Magislroles, from whom llie OiTicers com- 
manding the troops were to receive instructions in all emer> ^ 

It gives mc sincere jilcasm'c to be enabled to state that theM 
precautionary measures wore sufficiont, and that the last two 
nights have passed without any serious disturbance. I trust 
that Uiis has been occasioned by a returning sense of duty on 
the part of those who Jiavc been engaged in these acts of viot 
lence. 1 thiidi proper to state, howtrver, for the satisfaction <rf 
the community at large, that the e^ierlions of the authoritiei 
will not be relaxed, but that the utmost vigilance will be etf/ 
ercised for the maintenance of the laws. " 

I should not do justice to my own feelings, were I to omit 
returning my sincere acknowledgments to the individual menV/ 
beta of the Common Council, for the able assistance they hava* 
rendered mc in liie discharge of my duties. Their advice antf 
couoBcl have been at all times afforded me, and their persond* 
■ervices in leading and directing the civil and military forcei^' 
have tended greatly to render the exertions of those bodi«H 
efficteoL I also feel deeply indebted to the Police Justices, the 
District Attorney, and other citizens, for the zeal and alacrity 
which they evinced in the public service. ' 

Al a future period I shall feci it to be my duty to allude, Sl^ 
s particular manner, to the various military corps, which havtS* 
been put in requisition, witli the view of a proper oppreciatioi^' 
by the authorities and the public, of the valuable services they' 
have rendered, ' 

I have entire confidence that llie Common Council wiM' 
evince a determination, by the adoption of all necessaiy mea- 
mres, to assert and maintain the supremacy of the laws, and 
thereby to restore peace to our City; and in all such measures, 

i in every exigency, I assure you, Gentlemen, of my cordial 
• eotcurrcncc and co-operation. 



Doc. No. I7.J 


By Ci>UM:i-it'» W. I.\WKKHCE, Mavob or tiie Citt i>p 

Tlic Miiyur Icclu Itinuicll' con)|)ellcil, liy u kuiisu uf public 
duly, U> nuticc tin; riotous cimduct of large numbers of citi- 
zens, during ll)C nights of 4lkc Ulh aiul lotji instant. However 
repugoaut to tlic gytjii sense of liiu conmiunily, are lite doc- 
trines and niciuurca of a few tntsgutdcd individuals, on the 
subject which has led to the existing cxcitcmcul of the (HiUic 
mind, their conduct affords no justification for popular comroo- 
tion. The laws arc sulHcicut to restrain wltalcvcr is subversive 
of public morals, and lo punish all violations of jtublic decorum. 
On litem aloDC must Uic citizens rely ; and misjudging and 
imprudent men, as wlII as llic most icmjicrate and discreet, 
must l)G protected in their luidoubled rights of {Krsun end 

it is unnecessary lo do nkorc than allude to the interruptions 
of the peace during the last two nights; but llicre being reason 
to apprcliend that furtlior disunkTs arc contemplated, the 
Mayor, with tlie concmrenee of the Magistrates of llio City, 
issues thia Proclamation, enjoining aJI good citizens to refrain 
from mingling witti any crowd which may a-'taomblc in the 
streets during llw evening ; and to use their influonce. each 
within hia own proper splicrc of action, to prevent such con- 

I'arenls, Cuaixlians, ami Employers arc called upon to co- 
operate in tlio purjiose nf this recnmmcndation, by guarding 
witli unusual vigilance diosc under their control, during ihe 
con^nuttncc of the present excitement. 

The Watch and all public officers aic hereby required to be 
active and prudent w tlie dischai^e of their duties, 



[Doc. No. 17. 

■ then 

Tho Mayor assures the community, llial llie Mngistrates 

ITC adopted effident measures to maintain the rights oi' the 

and lo preserve the public peace ; and to this end, 

ty arc resolved to exercise with energy, the powers with 

ich tliey have been entrusted. 

Given under my hand, and the Seal of t]ie Mayor- 
p. .s] orally of llie City of Nuw-York, tlie eleventh dny 
uf July, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight 
tiundrcd and thirty-lbor. 



"WnnBEAB, lliis City has again been the scene of riotous pro- ' 
ccedings, disgraceful to a community living under a goverameiil 
of laws : and \Micrcas the riglits of iieaccabic citizens have 
been infringed and their proiwrty destroyed ; now, itwrefore, 

I, CORNELIUS W. LAWRENCE, Mayor of tub Crrv 
w Nbw-Yo»k, do hereby require and command ail good citi- 
lens to unite in aid of the civil authorities, to put an end to 
flwae disreputable occurrences, 

1 enjoin and request citiEcns to offer their services, and lo 
receive authority to act as a part of the City power. 1 call 
upon commanding officers of all organized military corps, lo 
volunteer in support of the laws. Commandants will select 
Iheir own places of rendezvous, and report their numbers and 
position at tlie Mayor's Office, by or before 6 o'clock, P. M. 
this day. 

And further, I caution, m the most (Hendly spirit, all those 

wito, to resent an ofTcnsivD difference of opinion, have allowed 

Ihcmaclvcs to usurp ilie uuiliority of the laws, against inciting 

abetting further commotion. Tbr Laws must be kaik- 

Doc. No. 17.] 190 

TAiNBiK Destruction of life must inevitably result fitun a 
repetition of similar acts of violence. The Magistrates are 
governed solely by a desire to preserve the peace of the ctty, 
and to protect the lives and property of iti inhabitanti ; and im 
their eiKieavors to effect this end, they will shrink from the ex- 
ercise of no power placed within thdr oootroL 

I hereby caution and request all persons who have not re- 
ported thraiselves to me» and been authoriied to act in support 
o( the laws, to remain at home during the present excitement. 


By your respect for the character of the City* and the inter- 
est you all have in the preservation of the laws ; by your re« 
gard for the safety of your femilies, and friends, I call upon 


Given under my hand, and the seal of the Mayoralty 
of the City of New-YoriE, at the City Hall, this twdfth 
[L.S.] day of July, m the year of our Lord one thousand cjght 
hundred and thirty-four. 


/ \ 



HQC'JSfUlNT NO. 18. 


JULY 21, 1834. 

7^ Street Commillee, to whom had been re/erred the Petitions 
for, and remoivlrance against wideniitg Wall street, on thfi I 
teetterly tide,from Peurlstreet tuuxird Merchants' Exchangt, ^ 
pretenled thejidloiving Ri-jiort, which was read, laid on t^t 
UAle, and directed to heprinted/or the use oft/te Member*^ 
i. MORTON, Clerk. , 

The Street Cojiniiiittce to whom was referred the annexe^ I 
petitions for, and rcmonstranties against widening Wall strcef, I 
from Pearl street towards the Merchants' Exchange, r^ I 


I ._ _. 

H ject, that grave deliberation whinh its magnitude demiuids, and 

H have on several occasions attentively heard all the parties ; who, 

H on thw public invitation, attended the meetings of the Com- 

H mittee, called for the purpose of discussing this subject, nnd 

H In Ihe opinions which they have fonncd therein, have been 

^V guided solely by an ardent desire to promote the [Hiblic 

H veniencc and welfare. 

\] 164 

..ttcmpt an enumeration of the evils arising firom the 
.^dfined situation* of that part of Wall near Pearl street, your 
Committee deem wholly unnecessary ; they are too well known 
to the whole public to need any such adventitious aid. The 
present width of Wall street, at the intersection of William 
street, is in width seventy-four feet, and from thence towards 
J'enri ^rr-e: ^i ili::.;iiishes to about thirty-four feet only ; while 
on die southeasterly side of Pearl, it again suddenly widens to 
about sixty feet, and thence continuing southerly towards the 
river, it increases to more than one hundred feet wide, at the 
junction of South street. 

The plan laid before your Committee for their examination, 
proposes, by a red line drawn thereon, to commence tlie widen- 
ing at the southeast corner of the Merchants' Exchange, and 
proceed in such direction as to end on tlie soutliwest comer 
of Pearl and Wall streets ; this line would almost entirely 
take the lot on the north west comer of Wall and Pearl street, 
owned by the estate of D. Baehr ; and also considerable por- 
tions of the adjoining lots, still, however, decreasing in quantity 
as it proceeded to its western extremity at the Merchants' 
Exchange. On mature reflection, your Committee are pur- 
suaded this line may be quite advantageously changed, by 
substituting a different point of beginning ; and this is proposed 
to commence at the southeasterly comer of the building oc- 
cupied by the Pacific Insurance Company ; and from thence to 
proceed in such direction as still to end on the southwest comer 
of Pearl and Water street ; this last mentioned line is exliibited on 
the accompanying map, by a full black line, and, if adopted, it 
is thought, will realize all the advantages which may reasona- 
bly be expected, from widening the street, and at mucli less 
cost than the first proposed line. It is here proper to remark, 
that although very great pains has been taken by your Com- 
mittee to gather information on this interesting subject, by 
cards of invitation, by public advertisement, calling on all con- 
cemed to appear and make known their views, and by per- 
sonal enqmries, yet it is highly probable they may not have 
been able clearly to ascertain tlic views of a majority of diose 


155 [Doc. No. 18. 

who may be called upon to contribute, for the consummatioa 
of this measure, if ii shall be finally deleniiined on. 

Having, however, exercised their beat judgment in relation 
to this matter, they do most sincerely believe, tlie widening of 
this street to be called for by every consideration of public 
policy, connected with the comfort and convenience of that 
immense number of our citizens, whose daily avocations make 
it indispensable for them to urge and slrnggle for their passage, 
through the crowds wlilch throng ttie way. Your Committee 
are also the more induced to view this subject in a favorable 
light, at this time, for the reason, that, as they are informed 
Bad believe, all tlie buiJdiugs which would be required for 
widening the slrcet, according to the line as now proposed,, 
■with the exception of the one on tlie corner of Pearl street, 
are intended to be taken down for the purpose of being re- 
built, and in this way much facility may be had for its co» 
cummation ; wliich, under any other circumstances would not 
he attain able. 

From a full consideration of the whole case, they are pei^." 
auaded its accomplishment will be a public benefit, and o 
for the consideration of the Board the following resolution. 

JUmlvcil, Tliat Wall street be widened on tlie southwesterly 
side thereof, by a line commencing at tlie budding now occu- 
pied by the Pacific Insurance Company, on tlie soutlicasterly 
comer thereof, and proceeding in such direction as to end at 
the southwesterly corner of Wall and Pearl street, at the house 
now occupied by Halsted & Miller, as the same is delineated 
by a full black lino on the map hereunto annexed, and iha. 
counsel to tlie Corporation, is hereby directed to take the no-^ 
measures to carry tliis resolution into effect. 

Committee on Slreett. 


nocamEfrs no. 19. 


OCTOBER 1, 1834.' 

The Street Committee, to whom toas referred the retort of the 
Street Committee from the Board of Assistant Aldermen, on 
the resolution relative to the condition of Centre street, pre- 
sented a report concurring witli Board of Assistant Alder- 
men ; lohereupoH the subject teas laid on t/ie table and 
Ae order of the day for Monday next. 

J. MORTON, Clerk. 

The report of llic Street Committee of the Board of Aarist^ 
aot Aldermen was in the folIonTng words : 

The Street Committee, to whom was referred the annexed 
resolution, directing an inquiry to be made as to best mode of 
providing a remedy for the existing nuisance, created by the 
filthy condition of Centre street, respectfully 


They have directed their attention to this very difficult 
subject, in order to ascertain if, under existing circumstances, 


Doc. No. 19.] 168 

it was practicable to apply an cfiectual remedy, which should 
wholly avoid the present evils, and at the same time, be within 
:i reasonable amount of expense to be incurred. 

The remedy which at first sight presents itself to view, is to 
continue the present sewer (which now terminates between 
Walker and White streets) along Centre street to Pearl street, 
receiving the waters of the crossing streets, viz : Anthony, 
Leonard, Franklin and White streets, at their intersections 
with Centre street, in lateral culverts, constructed for that 
purpose, and a plan of tliis kind has been made for the better 
elucidation of the subject. 

From an examination of this plan, however, it will be seen 
that it necessarily and inevitably involves the raising of the 
present surface of Pearl street, at its junction with Centre 
street, at least two . feet and six inches, and, by consequence, 
the adjacent parts of Pearl street, towards Chatham street, oa 
the one hand, ahd Elm street on the other, and also portions of 
the other streets which cross Centre street ; and if this were to 
be done, the floors of a considerable number of dwelling hou- 
ses and other buildings, would be brought below the levels of 
the streets, after the surfaces of them were raised to the pro- 
jected elevations, necessary for the construction and covering 
in of the sewer ; thereby occasioning loss and damage to the 
proprietors, to a very large amount. 

The very formidable difficulties involved in this plan of ope- 
ration, has induced your Committee to direct their attention to 
some other method of arriving at the object proposed. And it 
has occurred to them, that if the centre of the street was raised 
in the same manner as Canal street at present is, the sur&ce 
waters may be carried on the side gutters, along the curb 
stones, from Pearl to Anthony street, and there be taken in 
under the surface of the sidewalks, in sewers to be constructed 
for that purpose, and in this manner conveyed along until they 
reach the present sewer, between White and Walker streets ; 
receiving the waters of each of the intersecting streets, in suit- 
able culverts. In this case, it will also be necessary to raise 
Ihc curb jstones on both sides of Centre street, fix>m Anthony 

159 [Doc. No. li- j 

to Walker street, to the same heiglit as they no^v are at Ai^fl 
ihony street, in order to get sufficient room under the sid^>9 
walks for the bed of the sewers, and to give them suflieient cav'fl 
pacity to vent the waters, which, during the time of heav^fl 
' rains, are very great. If tliis plan should receive the saucticMl JM 
of the Common Council, there will retjuire to be conslructedt ■ 
on each side of the street, aljout nine hundred and twenty feet M 
, of sewers under tlie sidewalks ; which, to insure t!ie safety of.« 
, the cellars, must on the sides and bottom, be laid in cemepulj 
»o as to exclude tlie possibility of the water breaking througn'fl 
I dunng heavy rains, which otherwise might inundate the cellai» ■ 
It is estimated, that tlie sewers contemplated, built of stone 1 
[ bottom and lop, and the sidewalks of brick, to be each four | 
I feet wide, and two feet deep at Anthony street, and increas- J 
I ing to three feel in depth, when they will unite willi the pre- J 
t sewer in the centre of the streel, and with suitable /■ 
openings of cut stone at the junction of the cross streets, wU^i I 
cost about four dollars per foot, and thus amount to abou{ ■ 
seven thousand three hundred and forty dollars ; to which must* 1 
be added about twenty-five hundred dollars, as the estimateq[.J 
cost of raising and repairing Centre street, including the nein^V 
curb and gutter stones, so tliat tlie whole expense of the projec^H 
ted alterations, according to this method, will be not less thaJOTV 
ten ^ousand dollars. '. *il 

A third plan has also been proposed, which is t6 carry tbvjfl 

•traler on the sides of the street next to the curb atones, until iho^l 
&tersectioD of White street is reached, and tliere to commence I 
fte aide sewers, by which means they will require to be bur m 
dibout two hundicd feet in length on each side ; thus proposing i 
fa save about seven hundred feet of sewer on eacli side of M 
the street, and diminishing llie expense ahout five thousand T« 
lixhundred dollars, ^ I 

This Inst mentioned plan would certainly bo much the cheap- ^m 
est, if it could be made to answer without overflowing the en-. J 

tfire width of the street, of wliich great fears are entertained irM 
toA it would likewise be subj;;ct to a very prominent evil ™ J 
toother kind, as the descent must be gauied wholly in tlw ^ 

Doc. No. 19.] 160 

gutter lines, the distance between the top of the curb stones 
and the bottom of the gutter, must continually increase, until it 
will become so great as to render the crossing of the street 
impracticable for -foot passengers, without the aid of bridges, 
extending from the curb stones to nearly the centre of the street, 
and even then the cart way of the street, would in a great 
measure be deprived of its usefulness. 

Your Committee are fully aware of the complicated diCBcul^ 
ties necessarily connected with the subject under examination, 
and of the impossibility of uniting the different views enter- 
tained in relation thereto, by the property holders, whose pecu* 
niary interests are involved in its consideration ; but they are 
also equally aware of the indispensible obligation, that some 
effectual means be taken by the public authorities, to avoid the 
evils which have for many years rendered this part of our 
city a subject of reproach. 

Of the three plans herein before spoken of, your Committee 
fully believes the first would be much the most effectual, and 
and, in their judgment, ought to have been adopted many years 
ago, when the surrounding lots were vacant, and at wliich time 
a proper and sufficient elevation of the streets was easily at- 
tainable, so as effectually to have carried off the waters ; and 
it is most certainly a cause of deep and lasting regret, that pri- 
vate interest should then have been permitted to usurp the 
place of public good. 

But, under the existing circumstances, an entirely different 
state of things is presented, the adjacent lots are mostly occu- 
pied by buildings, many of them with very low floors, scarce- 
ly raised above the surface of the sidewalks ; and this is the 
case not only in Centre street, but also in Pearl and the other 
streets, which would be affected by elevating the surface ; so 
that the expense to be incurred in prosecuting this plan, would 
render it at present impracticable, unless a very great aod de- 
cided change should take place in the views of the property 
holders ; hence the Committee are compelled, but with ex- 
treme reluctance, to asbtain from recommending its adoption. 
The third method proposed, which is to endeavor to carry 


[Doc. No. Ifl,. 

e water on the sides of the street to White street, and thifl | 
into the eewer, would be attended with so much uncertainly, s 

to its successful result, and presems sucli impediments to tho 
crossing of the street, that your Committee are fully satisfied 
of its inexpediency. 

fieing thus surrounded by difficulties, tliey are compelled to j 
return to the second plan spoken of, lliat of constructing sewen ! 
under the sidewalks, as being at present less liable to objectioi 
than either of the otliers, and as affording, under all the circumr J 
Btances, the only practicable means of avoiding the prcsei4 | 
filthy state of the street. 

It has already been mentioned, that it is estimated the rau- 1 
ing and repaying the street would cost about twenty-five biuif 1 
dred dollars; and this expense may reasonably be asSesKd oa I 
the lota fronting on the streets: but the question here presentf I 
itself, by what mode shall the necessary amount to build tbs [ 
sewers, being estimated at about seven thousand, five hundred j 
dollars, be raised. If it be attempted by assessment on indivi* \ 
dual property, then the district over which the assessment mtut | 
extend, in conformity with the exislinglaws, will be very largej I 
embracing all the land over which die water courses extendi ] 
lliat empty into the sewers, and comprising some thousand lots J 
of ground. Now it is quite apparant that the contingent eji* j 
peoses, consequent on such a proceeding — of surveys, mapi^ I 
advertisements, assessors' and collectors' fees, will add conn- ^ 
derably to this amount ; neither does there appear any modo 
by which these expenses can be avoided, if any assessment be 
made, inasmuch as they have a direct reference to the number 
of lots to be asgcBsed, independent of tlie amount of money to 
be raised. ■ 

Influenced by such considerations, and as the more expedient | 
course to be adopted, the Common Council, during several 
years past, have (occasionally made appropriations for objects 
ofa similar character, with the one under consideration; such 
as the building of the sewer in Canal street, from Washington 
10 West street — the sewers at tlie lower end of Rector street, 
And in Vesey street, from Greenwich to West street—the con- 

Doc. No. 19.] 162 

Btruction of the improved receiving basins and culvcrtt, along 
the whole line of Canal street, also throughout Carmine street, 
and the sewers at the foot of Barclay and Courtland streets, 
and at various other places, all which have been defrayed firom 
the public treasury. 

With a knowledge of these facts before them, and the more 
especially, when it is borne in mind that the present object is to 
abate a nuisance of most offensive and dangerous chaiacter, 
your Committee feel entirely justified in reporting to the Board, 
their belief of the propriety of making the expense of construct^ 
ing the sewers, herein before mentioned, a charge on the City 
generally, in case this plan should be adopted by the Common 
Council, and with that view, submit the following resolutions: 

Resolved, That Centre street be regulated and repaved, ac- 
cording to the mode described in the second plan spoken of in 
this report, the expense thereof to be assessed on the property 
adjacent, in the customary manner. 

Resolved, That suitable sewers be constructed under the 
sidewalks on each side of Centre street, from the head of the 
present sewer, to a point as near Anthony street as may be 
found practicable, to receive the surface waters, with proper 
culverts and openings, in conformity with the second plan 
spoken of in this report ; tlie expense thereof to be charged 
upon the general appropriation for streets, for the current year. 

Resolved, That the Street Commissioner take the necessary 
measures to carry into effect the preceding resolutions. 

Netv-Tork, Sept. 22, 1834. 

ROBERT SMITH, f ^""Tff ""* 

SAMUEL PURDY, ) ^''■^^• 

GEO. B. SMITH, Strc^^t Commissioner. 

[Doc. No. 19. 

The Report from tlie Board of AJdermen was as follows: 
The Street Committee, to whom was referred the annexed 
I Rport of the Street Committee of llie Board of Assistant Al- 
I dermcn, in lelation to adopting some eifectual means for cor- 
I rectingthe present fihliy state of Centre street, and which has 
I lieen passed by that Board, respectfully report : 

They have very earefully considered the statements which 
[ -are detailed in the report, in relation to the various modet 
[ iberein proposed for the attainment of this object, and to which 
I Ihey beg leave to refer, for a full understanding thereof. 

Your Committee are of opinion, that under all the circum- 
[ fltances, the course proposed therein is the most advisable to 
be pursued, and offer the following resolution : 

Reioloed, That this Board concur with the Board of Assist- 
ants, in the report and resohitions passed by tliem on the 22d 
of September last, directing the regulation and repavement of 
Centre street, and the construction of sewers, under the side- 
wallu therein, as the same are spccilied in the said reporl. 




BOCVnUiNT NO. 20. 


SEPTEMBER 29, 1834. 

T%e following Report was ivceived from the Commissumer* -A 
of the Alms House, laid on Ike table, and directed to t 
printed fw the use of the Members. 

i. MORTON, Clerk. 

To the Corporation of the City of Nem-York. 

The undersigned, Commisgioners of the Alms House, Bridfr 
well and Penitentiary, having lately entered upon their dutia^ 
respectfully make this their general 


Tile following is a summary of the inmates of the respective 
establislnncnts under their charge : 

At ttic Alms House, 1st September instant, paupers, l>''4ft J 
Of these there were on that day. in the Hospital Depart- 

Departmcnt of the house. .... 13ft 1 

Doc. No. 19.] 166 

In the Lunatic Department of the house, 110 
In the Department for children, on the Long Island 

Farms, 680 

Children at Nurse in the Citv, .... 130 

To these departments of pauj^rs iriay be added, that, in 
the warm season of the year, tlie Commissioners assist gen- 
erally, with a woMy alkiwance of from fifty cents to a dollar, 
one hundred and fii'toen families of out dtK>r p<K»r ; being such 
as it is supposed would either suiler or be obli^^ed to go with 
their .faioilies into the Alms House, if not so assisted. It ought 
alsQi V-be^obsorrady diat ttio out door assistance is in winter 
increased in a more than (ivuulruj)lc amount ; the Commission- 
ers in some montlis relieving weekly about 547 families, at a 
cost, in 1832, of more than 1S,000 dollars, and in 1833, near 
15,000 dollars. 

r . The Corporation are aware, that under the head of Alms 
liooie* expenses, a very large sum is annually disbursed ; by 
the Comptroller's and Commissioners' accounts the last year, 
amountipg to H 40,(577 50 — tl>is amount is cxjxjnded in support 
of the Alms House, the two Bridewell establishments in the 
City, the Bridewell at Bcllcvue, the Penitentiary on Blackwell's 
Island, and the Alms House Children's Asylum on Long Island. 
The Commissioners have therefore directed that separate ac- 
counts be opened with each of tliese piison establishments, with 
the Alms House, the Long Island Farms or Children's esta- 

Tbfe Corporation ordinances have created the office of Clerk 
of the Alms House, whose duty it is to keep accurate accounts 
of the Alms House and Prisons, and this officer has kept the 
booke of these establishments at the Alms House at Bellevue. 
The Superintendent of the Alms House is the Treasurer, while 
it is the duty of the Commissioners to examine monthly the 
accounts and certify tlie same. The location of the office of 
the Clerk of the Alms House, the undersigned consider im- 
proper. There does not appear to be any law directing the 
Clerk to reside there, or the books to be kept there, yet they 



k'^oM I 

iBve conflidered that it would be improper for tbe Conuni*'. 

•■ noncrs matcriaily to break into so ancient a custom, witliout tb^ 

^ Icnowlcdge or assent of your honorable body. 

The accounts of tlie Alms House and tlio prisons grow almos t| 
entirely out of the purchases of food, clothing and fuel made in 
the City, and principally made by tlie Coinmissionera, or undcij 
their immediate orders. Wliy the records or accounts of thes*^ 
tDonied transactions should have Lteen kept out of town at Belle^ 

V we, therefore, it is difEcuIt to foresee. Mr. Furman and Mr^ 

I 3urtis, the former Sujicrintendents of tlie Alms House, wera 
respectively Commissioners, and usually acted, it is believed^, 
as the Chairmen of their reapectivo Boaids : and during par^ 
of the official time of the first gentleman the Alms House was 
in the City ; and when he, tlie Chairman and Treasurer, 

L moved, he moved the Clerk and Treasury Department. The 
K lame plan was continued during Mr. Biirtis' lime, he being 
^Ibo a Commissioner. During Mr. Cos's lime the office of 

tperinteodent was separated from tbe Board of CommiasionJ 
, yet he retained the Treasury and tlie Clerk's Department^' 
■And they are still kept at tlie Alms House at UeTIevite. lit 
rfclatioQ to the Superintendent being the Treasurer, ihc Com- 
Lij^^oners are not at present prepared to recommend a change, 
icxcepting so far as to have llio Corporation direct that the 
Ironies novir drawn by tbe Superintendent and Clerk, should he 
L^wii by a check of the Superintendent, and counlersignc^ 
Ifcy the Chairman or acting Chairman of the Board of Com- 
ners,orsuch person astliey may direot; and that to their 
V^redit the money should be deposited. The object of Uus «y3- 
tem is, that the Commissioners should be constantly advi^df 
and acquainted with all Ihcmuney tr.insactifns of tlie estab- 
lishfDCOt, and to prevent what has heretofore been the case,' of 
tbe private money of the Supcrinlendoiit .TJid his concerns liein^ 
mingled with the pubhc tiiomn-. in bis account wiih the BanV. 
8 Superintendent of the Alms House. Asit relates tothS 
k;;CIcr1('8 Department, llicy are of opinion (liat it should hd keptl 
tit iheComniissioner's rooins. in llni Old Alms Hooac. In Jii- 

Doc. No. 20.] 




diljon to the bunnesg to which these books relate, being almoi 
all in the City, there are otiior reasons whicii have led them 
to this conoluston ; amung tlic most maiPiial uf which is, that 
the books and accounts arc not of easy access lo the Com- 
missioners themselves ; it is their duty to osaniine these bo<»ks, 
accounts and vouchers monthly ; were the books in the City, 
they could be much more miniilely and accurately examined 
than if kept out of town. If kept hero, tliey would be ac- 
cessible lo the Comptroller of the Corporation ; and if errors 
and mistakes should ever occur, they would be much more 
liable to be detected if the books were kept here, tlian if kept 
at Bellevue. The members of llic Common Council themselves 
tni^t, by casual examinations, also furnish an additional check 
on the whole Department, 

Thebooksand accounts oftbo Clerk would be kept more com- 
plete ; for now, the Clerk's department have, after the expira- 
tion of each month, no receipt for monies which have been 
paid,*nor bills to refer to ; the bills and receipts having, at the 
end of each month, been filed in the oflice of the Comptroller of 
the City Corporation : and there being no receipt book kept, 
from the circumetance of the monies being paid here, and the 
books being kept at Bellevue, the loose receipts, therefore, on 
the bills of parcels, are the only voucliers taken for the pay- 
ment of monies. The practicj^ of filing, at the end of pach 
month, the bills receipted, with the Cily Comptroller, is proba- 
bly a good one ; yet it is conceived, that this should not ex- 
clude the keeping of a regular receipt book, as the most safe 
way of preserving important vouchers in a shape most conve- 
nient of access. 

It may be said that there will be frequently incidental ex- 
penses at the establishment at Bellevue ; they will, however, 
be small in amount, and if paid there by the Superintendent, 
they can be approved and reimbursed by the Commissioners ; 
but they will be trivial in amount, in comparison with the heavy 
purchases almost daily made here. If there were no other 
reasons but the above, for keeping titese books in the City, 

K reason: 



169 [Doc. No. 20, 

nmiswoDers think they would be sulHcicnl lo jusUly their J 
being removed ; but there is ajiother, which has, In reality, beeo- 1 
the great cause which induces us to ask tiieir removal. 

The organization of the Board of CominissionerB was io- I 
tended to constitute a supervisory body over liie SupcrinteuA- I 
ent, and the business of the Alms House and Prison EslablJsb- | 
ments generally. 

This supervision, wc apprehend, can only be properly exe-. | 
cuted by the Commissioners passing oo the propriety or \a^- f 
propriety of a requisition to be made by the Superintendent \ 
and officers of the Prisou Establishments, for articles required j [ 
and, subsequently, again passing and approviug of each bill of I 
parcels before ihcy are paid. 

Under such practice the Commissioners would be obliged I 
to know the business of the establishment, nor could any laviA' 1 
or improper expense, or purchase of articles, by their agentt \ 
at a greater price tlian their fair market value ever take place i 
without their knowledge. Under the system as heretofore [ 
practised upon, llic supervision will mainly consist in a monthly j 
examination of accoimts paid by the Superintendent, and for I 
which he asks the approbation of the Commissioners, that he | 
can draw the funds from the Comptroller, or have his accounts | 


The examination of a monthly budget can give but liltlc 
formation to the Commissioners, in comparison with consider- j 
log the necessity of a requisition, and a subsequent order, foT'l 
the payment of the articles on a bill of parcels containing tbEtf 
prices to be paid. 

The Clerk of the Alms House gets a salary of seven hui>-: 1 
dred and fifty dollars, and is boarded by tlic public. He also, j 
has the a^istancc of one or two pauper Clerks. Tlio pauper, 1 
Clerks will be amply sulTicienl for such statistics, or other ac-pf 
counts, as the Superintendent may be required lo make at the J 
Alms House ; and the Clerk, if brought here, can, it is < 
dcred, in addition to keeping Uie books, perform other duly a 
the Commissioner's cliandiers. 

With a view thai wc might the better judge if the mode e 
keeping tlic books was correct, and gave the Corporation a 

Doc. No. 20.] 


public accurate information, and that wo might sec if any im- 
jvovemcnt could be made in the mode of keeping them, "wc 
have examined some of the former accounts. 

If we look into the Comptroller's account of the last year, 
we find debited against the Alms House, Bridewell, and Pe- 
nitentiary only 9124,852, 9G; and upon a superficial exami- 
nation this might be taken for the amount laid out by the 
Commissioners for these establishments during that year, where- 

as there should be added to this amount of 

8121,852 OG 

Received for female State convicts, 


6,434 67 

produce of Penitentiary labour, . 

4,829 12 

bonded passengers. 

2,027 71 

flour and meal. 

779 88 

illegitimate children. 

595 00 

empty barrels, 

409 05 


282 68 

paving stone. 

245 00 

contingencies, . 

171 9T 

produce of pauper labor, 

31 00 


10 71 

live stock. 

7 75 

8140,677 50 

This shows an approximate amount of the monies laid out by 
the Commissioners, on account of tlie establishment for the last 
year, and includes the expenses of supplying the female con- 
victs, which the City was reimbursed for ; but as tliis account 
of 86,434 67, was not paid into the City Treasury, nor any 
of the other items enumerated, as youi* law requires, the same 
does not appear on the Comi>trollers books of accounts, but 
the amount was offset by the Superintendent against other ex- 
penses incurred by liim, which we apprehend to Ixj a wrong 
mode of keeping tlicse accounts, and tliercforc have directed 
that all such payments be placed in the City Treasury, and 
drawn out in conformity to low. 

It may also be remarked, that the Comptrollvr's accounts 


ITl [Doc. No. 20: 

show n payment of near $!),000 for salaries, induding a smaB 1 
amount of incidental ex|K;niics. Now, if llie appropriationa hy 
ihc Comptroller are lo be made, as wc propose, to the Super* 1 
intcndent and Cliairman of the Board of Commissioners joinlly»l 
and. the moneys drawn out by llieir joint or countersigned! 
check, we appreticriJ it would be preferable that the Board of' 1 
Commissioners pay all these salaries, and the incidental ex- I 
penses referred lo, amoanting to the nine thousand dollars. , 
Now, the last year the Cummissiuners paid in salaries, fout i 
thousand four hundred and seven dollars and eighty two cxsatst | 
and the ComptroUur the above nine thousand dollars. Th« 
accounts wi^ulil i>c simplified from their payments all being 
drawn from one source. 

Wc have called tljc amount an approximate amount of ex* J 
penses ; for many other crediu to the Suijcrintcndent, have beea 1 
given in dillercnl accountP, which makes it, witliout a great i 
deal of labor, impossible to say what amount was actually ex- 
pended in the support of ihe cglablishment, as well as what is 
the amonnt of credits in favor of tlic Penitentiary, and pauper 
'abor, or materials sold. The United States and individuals 
have, for instance, paid for the support of prisoners ; and indi- 
viduals have also paid for the support of paupers ; and a large 
amount is always annually received for the support of illegiti- 
mate children, which never appear in tlic general accounts, 
because the funds do not come from the Corporation. 

Wc have endeavoured to come at an accurate result of the 
expenses of supporting each pauper and each prisoner, but 
hare not as yet arrived at it with such accuracy as it can be 
relied on. We find our predecessors, by a report of 1830, 
which wc believe was their last general report, estimate llie ex- 
penses of sup(Hjrting a pauper nt sixty cents per week ; but for 
authority for lliis statement tliey .ippcured mainly to rely oa 
the report of a Committee of gentlemen from Philadelphia, who 
visited our establishment, and after referring lo their statement, 
om- predecessors say, 

" Thus we see, that while Philadelphia, Baltimore and Boa- 
ton, the only places which it would be fair to contrast Now- 

Doc. No. 20.] 172 

York, witli (they are pursuing at the two last mentioned placet 
agricultural employments for the poor,) yet it cost them in BaUi- 
raore 75 cents, Boston 78 cents, and in Philadel[Jiia, where 
the mode of employment is not mentioned, 72 cents per wedL ; 
while in New York, including the Asylum for the educatioD 
of children and Hospital, only 60 cents per weeL** 

We have examined these accounts in the hope, we could 
claim for New- York this desirable economy, which pur prede- 
cessors laid ciaiui to ; but we are led to believe that there was 
certain moneys received for bonded passengers and other 
sources, not taken into calculation ; while we presume the Bal- 
timore, Philadelphia, and Boston accounts shew all the oosti 
and expenses paid for fuel, food, clothing, and supporting 
the poor, and was not confined to funds obtained from one 
source only. And if we look into the report of the ComnEiit* 
tee of Gentlemen from Pliiladelphia for the last year, (who 
visited our Alms House, and other institutions,) and like our 
predecessors, take their authority, we shall be obliged to say 
** thus we see** that the average^expensc of supporting a pauper 
in New York for 1832, was not sixty, but seventy-five cents 
per week. 

That there was this or something wrong in the mode of 
accounting of our predecessors, when they put forth this state- 
ment of sixty cents, as the cost of supporting a pauper, would 
furtlier appear to be probable, from the fact, that Mr. Guion, the 
Chief Clerk of the same Commissioners, gave the following 
certificate : 

^ I certify that the above is a correct list of persons sent from 
Alms House to the Institution of the Blind, and that the cost 
of each pauper for the last year was at the rate of ninety-eight 
cents per week — fourteen cents per day. Respectfully, 

" E. M. GUION, Clerk Alms House. 

" Samuel Ackerly, M. D." 

Connected with tlic Alms House is the Children's Depart- 
ment on the Lonp Island J'arms. This department is in every 

178 [Doc. No. SO. 

i of view, highly interesting to ttte coniinunity. Chil- 
dren abAndoiicd by tlieir parents, or those wJio are destituW 
of parents, mainly compose, in after life, the criminals of all 
nations. Our police officers, crimtnal courts, prison catablish- 
inenis, and l)ie tliefts and depredations on society, are almost all j 
expenses and losses caused by individuals depraved in youth. 1 
The expense to the public of food, 'clothing and leaching a child 
for two or three years, is trivial in comparison with the expense 
of his frequent arrests, committals, trials and imprisonment. 
And the prevention of the murder of one valuable life, or one 
conflagration in our Cily, may be estimated as equal to the edu- 
cation and supiwrt of several hundreds of llicsc children ; and" ] 
tiiere can be no doubt that in these several hundreds of chil- 
dren, thus educated and bound out, some will make valuable 
citizens, who otficrwise would have been even incendiaries (tf 
murderers. These juvenile objects of public charity hart i 
itrong claims ; they are not poor nor destitute from any fault , 
of their own ; neither intemperance nor crime, on tlieir partt J 
occasions their being objects of public bounty ; in bestowing ^ 
on them the charities of the City, you do not make llicm idUl 
nor improvident members of society. On Uic contrary, you * 
make them industrious, even as cliildrcn, and capable and dcsS- 
roua of earning an honest living, as they become adult went- ' 
bers of the community. 

Id addition to these considerations, which are mainly colli 
sid^ations of a pecuniary diaracter, wc must not jtass by the j 
obligation and duly of the public, as regards tlie moral and 
icl^ous instruction of llicsc children : and in addition to con- 
tidereble advantages which they may and ought to receive, 
while in tliis establi8iiment,they havcoroughttoliave.inevorjr j 
case, the subsequent advantage growing out of being placed I 
with, and bound out, to moral i)Cople, and lo those at least cX A 
correct deporlmeuL 

We have made these general remarks in relation to thii j 
Alma House school, because we propose to increase the i 
mates of this Dcparuncnt, and of course the expense ; while 
wc are in hopes to diminish, rulher than increase, ihe number | 

Doc. No. 20] 174 

and expense in the Alms House DeixirtOKiut ; we propose to 
make this increase by readily receiving all children who be- 
long to the City, and are destitute ; and when once within the 
establishment, keeping them under all usual circumstanoes, 
until they are taught to read and to write. For children so 
taught, better situations can be obtained, and they will be bet- 
ter treated^ and the public will then have the assurance that 
none of its Alms House children will be turned loose on so- 
ciety, without at least knowing how both to read and write. 
We have therefore directed that no female child be bound out 
before ten years of age, nor the boys before twelve, nor before 
they know how both to read and to write, except under such 
peculiar circumstances as when brought before the Board of 
Commissioners, the case shall, for some good cause, be deemed 
an exception to this rule. Had this rule been applied the*last 
year, it would have increased the present number of the chil- 
dren about eighty, that being the number bound out during the 
year under those ages. This rule will make it necessary that 
another building be erected at tlic Farms, as there is not suffi- 
cient accommodation for the present number, now 680. We 
recommend tliis building to be erected with tlic stone from the 
Island, and to be of sufficient dimensions to accommodate at 
least 200 children. Among other reasons in favor of stone, 
as the material to build with, is its security against fire, the 
danger being increased by children being the occupants. 

The teacher to these children is furnished by the Public 
School Society, and when his school hours are fmished, he is 
at Uberty to leave the establishment But the establishment is 
becoming so large, and is in every point of view so important, 
that we propose to appoint some suitable person as Principal, 
who shall constantly reside there, and to whom the manage- 
ment of the Farms, the government and supervisory instruc- 
tion, occasional employmcnt,and the manners and habits of the 
children shall all be entrusted. 

The Commissioners can bind the children out the day they 
enter the Alms House, and the parents lose all control over 
them; but if they remain in the Alms House School unbound. 


175 [Doc, No. 20; 

or pnnrHiniiB can pmlmlily demand tlicm, and take 
Now if tlicy arc once abandoned Iiy ihcir parents 
friends lo the public, and pnt in the Alms House School, 
it should be optional with the Commissioners to deliver Ihetn 
Imek lo tlie parents and friends or not. it will be readily per- ' 
■ccived that llicre are many cases in which ibe taking the cliiU 
dren from school, and the delivering them back to intemperate 
|ian;nts, and perhaps criminal ones, would be the certain de- 
atniction lo the little education obtained, and to the wclfarei 
i&tid morals of the children ; and it can hardly be supposed that 
«ny Commissioners would use such power except in cases of ^ 
«iwioii9 propriety. Legislative enactment may be required n6 ' 
thia point, and for greater caution, the decision of the Commi- 
ssioners, refusing to give children up, might be carried up by 
appeal to tlie Judges of the County Court, ov Court of Sessions. 
The Commissioners consider the Long Island Farms weR 
calculated for Uie Children's School esiabiishment, though they 
may have been and probably will be unproductive to the Cor- 
poration. The grounds to a considerable extent are yet in aix 
oocultivated state, and but little labor or expense has ever ' 
been bestowed on Uieni. But when the Corporation consider 
that the previeus abode of these children was within high 
valls, containing a State Prison, County Piison, a Bridewefl 
and Alms House Establishment, it is behoved they will not-^ 
r^ret the purchase of a situation which is capable of furnish- 
ing so much comfort and health, and instruction, and meank ■ 
rf" futtire usefulness to this numerous and innocent class of th«i ' \ 
Imman faintly, whose claims on the public for support i 
-cdacatiou are the claims of absolute want, innocence and viit^ 
tas. The accounts will be so opened and kept in future, as to *j 
■eparate the expense of ttiis school establishment from thftH 
'AIn» House, that you will be cn.tbled to judge of the actiufl ^ 
expense of fnking out of tlie street, or cellar, a child and proba- 
Wy changing his destination, from that of a vagrant afli ' 
criminal, into an honcsl, well informed mechanic or farmer; 
ibo one case, an evil, a burden and expense, and in the othcr^ 
an help and assistance in promoting the good order and ttoj 
well bcinir of the communiiy. 


Doc. No. 20.] 176 

It is our intention to give these children habits of n 
industry, hy iiitriNlucing. as fnr as possible, the principles of the 
Uofwyl Manual Labor School, now so generally approbated, 
both in Europe, and this country. 

The present law in relation to alien passengers, requires 
that ihu master, or consignees, ^vc a bond of indemnity to save 
the city harmless for two years ; or it autliorizes a commu- 
tation for such passengers, instead of llie bond. Tho clan of 
alien passengers, who have been ariving in New- York, for sev- 
eral of tiic last years, are not of so provident a character, taking 
them generally, as those which came to the country in pre- 
vious years. In fact, there arc cases constantly occurring, in 
which it is evident tliat the towns in Europe, and societies 6[ 
individuals, pay the expense of sending to this country, their 
paupers, and persons who arc unable to gel their living in any 
country. DecrcpiJ, and maitrted, and lunatic persons, have 
been so transiwrtcd, and landed on our wharves ; and from the 
wharves iJiey have iminedialtly come under our charge. We 
do not sec why the consignees should be released at the expi- 
ration of so short a time as two years ; we think they should 
indemnify llic city for at least four or five years ; and that if 
the law was ao altered, tliera would be a great saving to the 
city, by being reUcvcd from supporting'thc poor of other coun- 
tries, which the captains and owners of vessels are induced by 
the money received from the overseers of the poor of other 
countries, to bring here. 

In tho cases we commute, the officers of the Board are very 
liable to be deceived, and not unfrcqucutly passengers whom 
they have judged well and capable of getting a living one day, 
have two or three doys afterwards been found to be entirely 
unable to do any thing for themselves. It is a practice wc 
think should be followed with great caution ; for it is believed 
that the number of ojiei-alivcs now aniving in our country, 
will find it dilficnlt, in our cities at least, to procui-e employment, 
even were they both willing and able to work. 

For these reasons we have advised the Mayor to commute 
for none at a less rate than 81 50 each. 

In a late instance we took proof in relation to two famihes by 


[Doc. No. 80. 


oamca Crouch and Quay, who aro now probably oii their 
way lu this country, to each of which families their pariah offi- 
cers, exclusive of paying their passage, arc as an inducement fgr 
their removal, to pay on their arrival in New-York, five pounds^ 
For the particulars of liie cases, wc refer you to the alTtdavit 
anDCxed, which shows but an every day's case. The princij^ 
or rather the want of it, which permits the British government, 
or their parish officers to send tlieir paupers here, will a]eo leatt 
them to send their culprits here, as the cheapest mode of get- 
ting rid of tiiem. Some of these paupers arrive direct fron 
England, Ireland, and Scotland, but many of them arrive at 
Quebec, and find the way down through the interior of the 
State. Now we apprehend the subject is highly importantf 
not only to New- York, but to all our Atlantic cities, and we 
know of no complete remedy for the evil, but some national, «■ 
United Slates regulation on the subject ; but in tlie absence 
of all national regulations, it might be made penal to introduce 
paupers from Canada, or laws tofiieilitate their removal J)aclb 
might be passed by our State Legislature, as we neither gfil 
bond Qor commutalion lor those who enter tlic Slate froa 
the interior. Tlie evil is a growing one, and deserves the seri- 
ous consideration of yuur honorable bodies. Three fourths of 
our poor house expenses arise from the importation of pam- 
pers ; tliat is, of men women and children, not capable of pro- 
curing a living in this or any other coualry; and as foreign 
nations claim the productive services of their citizens, dicy must 
admit their obligations to support those wlio arc unable to sup- 
port themselves. 

The Lunatic Asylum is not yet commenced ; though extei^ 
sive preparations for building the same on Blackwell's Island, 
have already been made. The excavation of the rock from the 
foundation, has retarded the building. But tlie Commissioners 
are of opinion tiiat the plan adopted by your predecessors, will 
require some modification, and therefore suggest, that your 
Building Committee have power granted to tlicm, to make such 
alterations as may appear to be desirable. They concur in the 
advantage to be derived from the new location of the Asylum, 
and the additional accommodations about to be furnished to this 


Doc. No. 20.] 178 

truly unfortunate class of oiir fellow creatures ; the public will 
never hesitate as to their duty in furnishing all the most ap- 
proved means of remedy and i)ossible comfort to them. 

In reference to our Penitentiary Prison Establishment on 
Blackwell's Island, the undersigned report: 

That the centre building and northern wing are in a great 
state of forwardness, and we expect to complete the same dur- 
ing the winter. The Penitentiary on Blackwell's Island con- 
tains 2S2 male convicts, who are mainly employed, as here- 
tofore, on the buildings being erected on the Island, and getting 
out, dressing and breaking stone. 

The Commissioners feel bound to bring up to the considerap 
tion of the Common Council, the state of the Bridewell Depart- 
ment of our Prisons. This is the most defective of all tlie esta- 
blishments under their charge, and at the same time most ex- 
pensive to the public, and most injurious and uncomfortable to 
the prisoners. The part of the Old Penitentiary at BeDevue, 
occupied as a Bridewell, consists of five rooms, the largest of 
which is forty-one by and twenty-one, contains on an average, 
from forty to seventy persons, charged with all the different 
grades of crimes, except murder, and a few of the highest 
offences. The other rooms are small, and arc also, of neces- 
sity, crowded, and arc badly ventilated and ill contrived for a 
Bridewell. Apprentice boys, for instance, on coming into 
office, we found committed and confined in the large prison- 
room, for the crime of a contemplated running away from a 
vessel. They were much worse off, in the prison accommo- 
dation whicli ihc Corporation furnished them, than a sentenced 
convict fur arson or liir.^hway r()l)i»cry would bo in cither yoiu* 
Penitentiary or State Prison. We li«ivc done all we could to 
rcmedy this evil, but the classificali«»n is not sufficiently com- 
jJete. Tlic ktw presumes that jxBrsons detained in Bridewell, 
waiting their trials, arc innocent; humanity decrees them every 
accommodation, consistent with their safe keeping, and the 
sternest justice yields to tlicm easy access to Coiuisel, to their 
friends, and to their witnesses. Police Officers and Magis- 
trates, from constant intercourse with criminals, become hard 

179 [Doc. No. -20, 

), and arc probably s<»nctiiTics almost loil to doubt ihc 

[ existence of innocenct: and virtue. All Police Dcparlinents 

I and regulations should therefore furnisli accusi'd persons the. 

I greatest facility of obtaining Counsel and intercourso with 

I friends and witnesses. That tlicre iue many charges for 

\ aoiall crimes made in this City, from revenge and bad mo- 

, no person who has been on a Grand or Pclit Jury, 

can doubt Individuals so charged, as well as tliosc really. 

L guilty, after being charged by their accusers, are arrested 

I and put in a close carriage, and Iransiiotted three milCK 

I out of town; perhaps the offence, (if ihcy bo guilty when, 

f' BiAcd down,) is in reality but an assault and battery, in throw-- 

I ing a snow ball ; or an assault in the raising a hrooin by a 

I woman on some slight quarrel, as to who has taken the most 

ivater, out of a copartnership cistern. Individuals so charged 

j arc generally poor, and to accuse them, when they axe to bo 

treated as at present, is as detiiincnlal to them, so far as piH 

Hishmcnt is concerned, as to have been guilty of a seriouti 

I crime. They are carried oil' to Dellevue, a dilficulty iinmo 

diately arises of procuring bail; and it cannot be denied or, 

doubted, that many jKrsona arc, under our [ircscnt practice, 

continued in prison, who, if llie Bridewell was in the City, 

coidti get bailed out; and it also cannot be denied, that theses 

persons are sometimes innocent; for a police process b almost, 

always granted on an csparte statement, and sometimes it a 

ibat of the offending party. 

In the cases where prisoners arc charged with lugher urimcs; J 
tfaotigh they in some instances occasion a uuturicty, or exci(fl 
' an interest which leads to tlicir cases being attended to, 
the services of Counsel arc frequently gratuitous, and they 
must be at great expense in travelling backwards and for- 
wards tobcinfonned of tlic facts of their clients' case; or as i^ 
no doubt sometimes the c.isc, ii fellow being is put on his trialf ^ 
for a high crime, without tlie advantage of conferring witb ' 
liis Counsel, or procuring llio attendance of witnesses, becauM J 
be has been scjiarated three miles both from his Counsel otui/j 
from llic i>ersons whom he expected lo be witnesses for him. 

Doc. No. 20.] 180 

Justice would appear to require this should not be so; our 
institutions boast that they furnish Counsel and assistance, and 
the advantage of witnesses to all persons however guilty. Our 
City Police is hardly in conformity with this benign and repub- 
lican principle. 

There is one other point of view in which we wish to pre- 
sent our Biidcwell establishments; it relates to the expense 
of these establishments. A few years since, when we had 
but one Bridewell, and that in the City, the expense was much 
less than at present, after making a suitable allowance for the 
increase of prisoners. Now the city has tlireo Bridewell estab* 
lishments, the one at the Old Jail, another the basement apart- 
mentof the Old Alms-house, both for temporary detention, and 
the Bellevue Bridewell ; at the latter of which places the pri- 
soners arc mainly kept. It is obvious that the two first smal' 
establishments are required, because the main establishment is 
kept out of town ; was there a Bridewell in the city, both of 
these smaller establishments could be dispensed with, and Of 
course, the number of keepers materially lessened. But the 
most material expense attendant on the out of town Bridewell 
prison, is the transportation of prisoners backwards and for- 
wards, to and from Police examinations, and to and from at- 
tending Courts, sometimes to be arraigned, sometimes to be 
tried, sometimes to be sentenced, sometimes to be witnesses- 
When prisoners are brought down, it frequently happens that 
the Court is olherways engaged, sometimes the Court is ready 
but the witnesses of the prisoner are not in attendance, some- 
times the witnesses of the people are not at hand, and to avoid 
the circumstance of the Court having no business to occupy 
them, and with a commendable view to clear the calendar, a 
large number of prisoners are constantly in regular atten- 
dance, and many of them are frequently several times brought 
backwards and forwards. One day this month 60 prisoners 
were brought down, and most of them taken back, and it 
sometimes has happened that eighty have been brought down, 
and the same number carried back in one day. 

These admitted facts, need but be mentioned, to show the 


[Doc. No. 20. 

Corporation the great expense, of ncoessity attemknt on this 1 
tran^wrtation, not unfrcqiiently attended by Police Officer^ I 
nnd yet with all tliis expense,]! frequently happens that the Court 
could pnxieed with some case, the witnesses and parties all being 
ready, but iJie prisoner, who is required to be present, is time 
miltsotr. We have not the means of stating what is thcexact 
expense oftlie transportation, but we have the fact that tliere , 
wore committed in 1833, to tlie Bridewell at Bellevue, 5209 
persons on first, or original cnmniitments ; if we suppose they go 
there but twice, and twice back again, and that each transpoiv 
tation is but fifty cents each way, wchavc the sum of 910,53S; 
but we believe wc might set down this extra expense at muck 
more. For these reasons we urge that it would be a great sav- 
ing to the public, to bring tiie Bridewell, the principal Po- 
lice office, and the S]>eeial Sessions at least nearer to each 
other, and perhaps one centra! Building would accwnmodate 
ibcmtall. This important subject Js also respectfully submit- t 
tad to your consideration. 

Wlien the Bridewell was removed to Bellevue, the Brid^ J 
well physician, who has always been a resident of thfe ' 
city, continued to go out and attend to the Bridewell prisoners 
dl BcHcviio, as well as tliose detained in town. The disjoint- 
ed prnctice has lx;en continued, of tltese prisoners being M 
attended, while we have had a physician at Bellevue, constant- 
ly residing there, with a large medical staff, visiting all lli* 
uUier patients in iho same building. We have, tlierefore, put 
ithe Bridewell prisoners under the charge of the medical de- 
partment of the Alms House, which is done without any ndcK- 
tional expense to the public, and in the new appointment which 
we made, of the physician to the Bridewell prisoners in the city, 
we have informed the now incumbent we should apply for the I 
reduction of tlic salary from 500 to 250 dollars, tlierc being but 
litlle duty left him, under the new fcgiilaiion, lo perform. 

Wohavcchanced the mcsscngcrtothecommissioncr: Kbrc- { 
tufora ho has received insalury 8^31 25, and a large amount of I 
foes paid him. Wc have reduced hia isatary to ftOOO. and n 
allow ilie new int-umlieiil n" li^s, llio saiiK heinji contrary tk'j 

JDoc. No. 20.] 183 

We have reduced the salary of Uic Farmer on the Long 
Island farms, from 9850 to tSOO, which, as he is found in 
house, fuel, and most other necessary articles of living, by the 
public, is deemed amply sufficient for his services. We have 
appointed a new Steward to tiie Hospital at Bellevue, at the 
JHune salary with his predecessor ; but wc do not support the 
fiunily of the present incumbent, as was the case with his pn> 

We have also appointed a Matron for the females in the Lu- 
natic Asylum, at a salary of $150; the duty heretofore has 
aoHietinies been performed by patients and paupers. We ex- 
jpect the change will more than reimburse the public for the 
additional expense. 

We have, as heretofore intimated, directed the Superintend- 
ient of the Alms House to keep a separate account of such ex- 
penses as your Honorable Bodies, or their Committees, may, in 
the performance of their public duties require him to mi|pe for 
their accommodation ; bclic\'ing that the members do not "wish 
that such expenses should be mixed in witli the expenses, or 
with the amount of feeding and clothing tlie poor. The same in- 
structions we have given to the Blackwell's Island Department 

We believe tliat the Superintendent, Keepers and Guards of 
the establishments would all perform their duties with more uni- 
finrm justice and moderation, without ardent spirits, than witli 
it The rule heretofore forbad its use or introduction by the 
paupers and prisoners, — we extend the rule to the Superintend- 
ent and Keepers, that the cstablislimcnt may have the benefit 
of the example of the officers, and that the paupers and prison- 
ers, may never be in the custody or power of men taking or re- 
quiring the powerful stimulant of ardent spirits. 

Dr. Morril wc found as the Assistant Physician for Black- 
well's Island and the Children's Establishment at the farms. 
Your laws rank him with-lhe four Assistants to the resident 
Physician, and not therefore eligible for more than two succes- 
sive years. The law, as rc^^ards hiin, has therefore been vio- 
lated by his retention, but the undersigned consider that his 
duties are of a kind that should exempt his office from this 


[Doc.Ao. :^l 

We also remark, thai our predecessors allowed Mr. Wood- 
ruff for llie board of Dr. Morril, whiJe they supplied, it is btf- ! 
lieved, nil the food and provisions for Mr. Woodruff's table | 
and family. 

We did Dot, under your ordinances, feel authorised to supply J 
die table <^ the successor of Mr. Woodrufi', or the Keepers o 
the Island, witii any olhcr articles than the gcnoiai articM 
allowed the prisoners ; but we now allow ihem, tindor yo^ 
late reaolutiwi, a pecuniary allowance inatoad of extra mtioni.H 

We recommend that we be authorized to retain Dr. Mornl,!i 
and that his salary be raised to six hundred dollars, ))cing an I 
inorea^ofone hundred dollars; which will pay for suchexbnJ 
ezpen&e of his board, beyond that furnished by the eslal^li^ 1 
ment, more than which has heretofore been paid by the Colli' J 
niissioners, our i>rcdeccssors, in addition to their paying for f 
the food he consumed. Since the passage of your late reso- t 
lutios^ we make a monUily allowance for extras, in prefcrenoc 
to boarding tiic Kcei^i's and Guards on BlackwclVB Island. 

We annex certain exhibits, showing tiie increase of paupers 
in lite City, and also the increase of our Prison Establishments 
and of foreign emigration to this country, and we have also 
aaaaxed certain accounts of expenditures : Ihey arc made out 
after tbc manner heretofore adopted, and relate to the doings ^f 
our predecessors rather than our own, and must be taken, sub- 1 
icct to the explanation given in this report. 

In conclusion, we would respectfully recommend to the con- 
sideration of the Common Council, the subjects contained in 
tluf report, which is made ia obedience to our duty of com- 
municating such facts, and recommending such imiirovements _ 
in our departments, as from time to time may appear important I 
or proper. All which is resix;ctfully submitted. 



Commhsionera of the 1 
Alm3 Ituuse. 

J)oc. No. so.] 184 


Of James BalentincSindcn, ofCatsfield, near Hastings, countj 
of Sussex, in England, l)eing sworn, saith, that he arrived in the 
diip Thomas Wallis, last spring, at New York, from London, 
arrived about three weeks since ; that he was present and 
heard the Parish Officers of Catsfield, in said county, oiler to 
Ricliard Crouch, (who Wcis a pauper in said Catsfieid, with 
eight children,) that if lie would go out to New York, that they 
would pay his passage, and allow him five pounds when he 
arrived in New York, or would pay thirty pounds for the 
passage of himself and family. And that said Richard Gcouch 
and family are expected to arrive in New York tliis fall ; that 
he heard a like ofler made to Walter Quay, also a pauper in 
same village, with eight children, and a like sum as an induce* 
roent for him to come." Tiiat^ie names of the Parish Officers 
who made this offer, were a Mr. Christmas and a Mr. Lads. 

In Backsbill, a neighbouring town, there were fourteen pau- 
per families sent out on or about 6th April last. 

(Signed) JAMES B. SINDEN. 

City of New-York. ss. James Balentine Sindcn, within 
named, being duly swoni, says, tliat the foregoing statement by 
him made and signed, is true. 

Sworn the 9th August, 1834. 
















Rich ■ 






he 111 


who I 

per i1 

him r 





67 280 18 

62 173 69 

79 238 09 

%6 168 09 

13 466 42 

24 67 29 

42 1^59 55 

91 802 27 

40 701 99 

I2I 589 62 

12,929 40 

9,729 16 

10,353 48 

6,959 23 

6,567 49 

15,860 07 

24,459 48 

23,953 69 

25,961 57 

21,987 11 

17^53 64 


4,639 50 
4,789 75 
6,101 00 
6,534 99 
6,711 03 
4,616 06 
3,190 00 
3,965 60 
8.763 00 
4^407 8» 

71,504 99 

79,487 11 

79,625 44 

82,434 18 

93,200 03 

114,955 42 

117,272 47 

123,105 57 

127,012 08 

118,676 98 




llnu Home, Old Alnis House, Bridavell, Pern- 1 

A the average number of Paupers in the Alms 1 




11 r 

5 . 

— s — 

1 amount o 
for I'enilc 
ding salar 
pers and g 




s^ s 


1 - 




^ I..I- 




8140 06 

8 2,S81 08 j 

8 61,372 04 


254 Ofi 

15,503 63 

86,758 71 

102,009 01 


77S 12 

18.463 27 

4,636 33 

97,803 70 


519 58 

19,114 09 

3,695 50 

104,273 38 


523 56 i 12,-103 41 

2,940 00 

89.616 28 


3y2 22 

8,934 05 

2.90? 00 

77,015 41 


342 40 

10,741 42 

4,393 00 

83,172 24 


429 11 

12,928 45 

5,156 33 

86,083 85 


•^80 18 

9,729 15 

4.039 50 

71,304 9H 


173 69 

10,353 48 

4,789 75 

79.487 11 


238 09 

6,959 23 

6,101 00 

79,62.5 44 


168 09 

0,567 49 

6,534 90' 82,434 18 ■ 


4(56 42 ; 15,860 07 

6,711 03 93,200 03 - ■ 

67 29 

24,459 48 

4,616 06 114,955 4*2 ■ 

1,350 55 

23,953 69 

3,190 00 117,272 47 ■ 


802 27 

25,961 57 

3,965 601 123,105 57 ■ 

701 99 

21,987 11 

3,763 Ooi 127,012 08 ■ 

tial 589 62 1 17,452 64 ' 4,407 821 113.675 93 ■ 

E J 




^Ewmg die number offortign poor received irOii iJie Alms Hwuc, 

jtamcc the year 1S20 ; the number thai have died, been discharged. 

HaiM2 remaining in the Ainu House al the CTid of each 

year ; ami 

■ lAewing also the amount received annually from bonded passen- 

gers, and as commutation f 

rom matters ami awiters 

since 1816. 





tJ g* 





- c 














$160 85 








718 81 







1,491 60 

« 255 00 

• 1,746 00 







1,183 07 

3,632 00 

4,815 07 







288 31 

9,631 00 

9,010 21 







1,007 94 

1,260 00 

2,357 44 







375 90 

1,785 00 

2,101 00 







622 43 
1,454 16 

815 50 
1,520 55 
3,024 37 
4,245 70 
2,374 31 
3,085 45 
3,117 50 
2,023 84 

790 00 

685 00 

995 00 

320 00 

1,589 01 

10,460 OO 

12,333 OC 

14,906 OC 

20,030 Ot 

31,117 5( 

1,412 43 
2,139 IR 
1.810 50 
1.840 55 
1,613 37 
14,705 70 
14,707 31 
18,586 45 
23.147 50 
33,140 04 


2,027 71 

31.617 (K 

33.044 71 




lotn^ tiie number of Patieraa and Lunatics admitted into 
Ok Hospital, at Bctlcvuc, since its establishment — shewing, 
aUo, the number who have died, been discharged, and n 
ing in the Hospital. 

's 5j 









1 a 

















































































PRISON FROM 1816 i-jTu. 1833, AND ■ 



























































































































































GEORGE B. THORP, Keeper. ■ 

numbPy prom 





Misdemeanor. 2 




I'elit Larcenv. 43S 




Assault and feaiteij no 




Receiving Stolen C;. U) 




Disorderly Houses. 5 




False Pretences. d 







Grand Larceny. 





Foreisniers. ^ 1^ 




Blacks. 160 









ol 1 

Petit Larceny. 
Assault and BattcrV 









Receiving Stolen (5 




Disorderly Houses. 





















Male Vagrants. 

2311 3-21 














Female Vagrants. 















DOCUiaBNT NO. 21. 


NOVEMBER 4, 1834. 

Ke /oUowing Report of the Committee on Fire and WaUr 
J. MORTON, Clerk. 

The Committee on Fire and Water, lo whom was referred 
[ dte annexed resolution of ihc Board of Assistant Aldermen, of 
[ &c fifteeath day of September last, rclatiog to preventing all 
I pusons, not incmbcre of the Fire Department, from entering 
I Engine Houses, except in cases of alanns of Are : 

Retolved, That it be referred to the Committee on Laws, to 

I amend the law relating lo ihe preventing and extinguishing of 

; to prevent ail persons, not members of the Fire Depart- 

mt, frgm entering, at any lime, any of the Engine Houses, 

pcept in cases of an alarm of fire, respectfully 


Doc. No. 31.] 


Thai the collections of assemblages of boys, young men and 
persons of idle and dissolute habits, in Engine Houses and their 
neighbourhoods, is a frequent subject of complaint to this Com- 
mittee ; and from examinations often had before the Committee, 
and other sources of inlonnation, they arc well convinced that 
such assemblages are the causes of much disturbance of other- 
wise quiet neighbourhoods ; and are also places of resort of the 
diasoluto and idle. It is also a subject of frequent c<»iipjfunt 
to this Committee, from the Citizens, that boys and young men 
obtain very ready access to the engines, in the Engine Houses, 
and that they make it a matter of amusement, to raise an alarm 
of fire, as an excuse or cover, to get the engines out, and to 
have a run. If the Engine Companies were duly attentive to 
their duties to the public, ihcy would prevent these scenes. 
That it is supposed by the Committee that, in cases of fire, they 
desire some assistance from these boys and young men, which 
induces them to countenance the assemblages. It is the opinion 
of this Committee, that no person, other than a member of tlte 
Fire Department, ought lo be permitted ever to enter the En- 
gine House, except in company with a member of the Fire 
Department, And they are further of opinion, that the keep- 
ing of tlie peace, in the neighbourhood of Engine Houses, be- 
longs not to the Fire Department ; and that the members of 
some of the Fire Companies cannot be depended upon, lo pre- 
vent the Engine Houses being entered and frequented by per- 
sons, other than those belonging to the Fire Department; and 
that if tlie laws do not now vest jxiwers in the Civil Ma- 
gistracy, to remedy llic above mentioned evils, a law to such 
elToct ought to be enacted. This Committee, therefore, recom- 
mend the adoption of the following resolution : " 

Resolved, That it be referred to the Committee on Laws, lo 
inquire into and rejjort what alteration in the laws, or provision 


{Doe. Ifo SI. 

Ij law Qtwsf) k reqnized, to veat In the CivQ Hagiftraqr 
lUI power to prevent intrnden entering into Bn£^ Honiea^ 
■od aaeembiages in didr neig^ibouriioodf of ^itnberi of dw 


f iJottumiuB on 

iftov-Ftfrk, Odaber 18, I8S4. 

.1'.:../ .'»..M' 

■ r t 

• • 

I ..' . J i ' 

v. . » ■. 

• f 





« • 

\r * 


DOCinUIiNT NO. 22. 


NOVEMBER 10, 1834. ^ 

■ ill 

folioteing Report wax received from the Finance Com- 
mittee, adopted, and directed to he printed. 

J. MORTON, Clerk. 

TTie Finance CommiUee, to whom was referred ihe annexed 
(Ktition, from William Wagslall" and oUicrs, for an adjustment 
of tbe boundaries of llic common land lots owned by them in 


IW this subject has been pending before the Common 
I Cnuncil for about throe years, and has occupied the attention 
I t' ill succefisive Finance Committee and officers, to devise the 
I ^ mode of settling the existing difficulty. The facts in rela- 

B to the boundaries of the common land lots, have been al- 
jr detailed in roportK heretofore made to this Board, and 

^be found in a report of tlie Finance Committee, made 

Doc. No. 33.] 190 

July 8, 183a, on the memorial of John Woodward, Eaquiier 
(Document No. 11.) The Committee deem it proper, how- 
ever, to recapitulate, briefly, the causes which have oocaaonad. 
the present situation of those lands in respect to the boundariei. 
In 170G, tlic Corporation caused a survey to be made of the 
common lands, and streets to be laid out through them. Ai> 
cording to that survey, they sold and leased several lots, wUdr 
in the deeds and leases given, were described as being boundad 
by those streets. In 1807, an Act of the Legislature was pas- 
sed, appointmg Commissioners, to lay out the whole islud, 
north of the already settled part of the City, into streets^ tf^ 
nues and public places. In performing that duty, those Cooh 
missioners did not adopt the streets already laid out by the sur- 
vey of 1796, but projected an entirely new plan, in which, at 
though the cross streets are generally very near, or overlap- 
pnig the lines of the dd streets, gores or strips of land, of mM 
or less width, were created between the lines of the old aal 
new streets ; and in some instances, those gores are of coi» 
derable extent, from the fact that fifteen of the streets so laid 
out by the Commissioners, are one hundred feet wide. ThB 
eflect of this has been to cut' off and appropriate for street, pait 
of one side of a lot, and to throw between the other side of tha 
same lot and the new street, a strip of land, intended as part of 
a street by the old survey of 1796, tlius abridging the dimen-. 
sions of the lot on tlie one side, and depriving it of its front <jb i 
the other. The plan of the Commissioners having been ratifild 1 
by law, the old streets can never be opened or used as sock \ 
and they exist now only in the deeds and leases given many i 
years ago, by the Corporation, and in the maps annexed to such -j 
documents, to which memorial every purchaser refers, as t 
warrantee from the Corporation, that his lot was to have tbs 
benefit of fronting on each side on a street ; and the preseil 
application is, in truth, a call upon the Corporation to mate 
good their undertaking in that respect, in whatever fidr wd 
equitable manner the circiunstances may admit of. This em- 
barrassment exists in fact, only in regard to the lands wfaidi 
have been sold ; because the old leases have expired (the ki- 

191 [Doc. No 22. 

«eea having enjoyed the lands demised to them) ; and whea- 
«yer a new lease or renewal has been given, care haa been 
takea to provide against difficulty arising from this question of 
boundary ; and it cannot be denied that the purchasers are en- 
tiUed to require a settlement of their boundaryj lines, and a 
flilfibneot of their righta, in respect to fronting on streets, so as 
to place them in as good a situation at least, as they would 
have been in, if the streets laid out by the survey of 1*796, by 
which their lands were bounded, had not been abolished. In 
oooaideriDg how this is to be ejected, the Committee assume 
the following positions : 

IsL That ever)' ])urchascr has a right to as much [land as 
his fleed purports to give him. 

2d. That he is entitled to as much front on a street aa he 
voulil have had according to the description in his deed, and 
dtttsuch street should be of an equal width with that to which 
hit deed refers. This, according to their views, would be the 
fiill measure of justice to the parties thus situated ; but inasmuch 
a< the blocks, in some instances, have been increased tn widtli, 
(a larger strip having been added on the one side than was cut 
offfer street on the other,) and as the purchaser, in such a case, 
%a obt^n a front on each side, must become the owner of iha 
whole piece of land, the question is presented, upon what tnms 
should he acquire the surplus land? This is, in truth, the 
principal point of difficulty involved in the whole subject. The 
plan suggested by some of the proprietors, of exchanging gore 
iot gore with the Corporation, witiiout regard to quantity, woiJd 
occasion a loss, by no means inconsiderable, to the Corporation ; 
oeitber would it do equal justice among the several purchasers; 
btttuae, in some instances, tlie excess of land would be thus 
acquired hy tlje purchasor, over and above that contained 
vidiia the boundaries described in his deed, would be much 
gnater than in oiliors. 

The Committee thernforc do not entertain a doubt, that in 
aQ cases where the settlement of the boundary line of a lot or 
jieoe of land, must necessarily (in order to give fronts) in* 


Doc. No. 22.] 


create the quantity of iand lo be owned by the porchaser, mxh 
increase or addition should In; paid for, not, however, as land 
fronting on a street, bccauso ihe right of the purchaser under 
bii deed to fronts, requires tlinl he should get them without fiir- 
ther consideration, but as midillc or rear land. 

If iliis principle be a correct one, the Committee feel assnrod 
that the proprietors of conunMi land lots thus situated, wiB 
readily accede to it, and no great dllficulty can exist in the ad- 
justment of their rights, it being only necessary, if the value of 
the surplus land cannot be agreed upon, to have it detennineil 
by appraisers properly chosen. Most of tlie cases would pifr 
sent but that single consideration ; but there are a few where 
strict justice between the parlies would require another point 
to be taken into view. None of the streets laid out by the 
survey of 1796 were intended to cscccd 00 feet in width ; soma 
of the new streets laid out by the Commissioners arc 100 feet 
wide : tlie value of land tionting on a wide street is greater 
than of land fronting on a narrow one, and consequently, the 
owners of common iajjdiots, who by tlie cliange in tlie plan of 
streets, and a subsequent adjustment of boundary and extent of 
possession with the Corporation, should obtain tlie benefit of 
having fronts on a 100 foot instead ot' a 60 foot street, ought to 
making such adjustment, lo bo, aa it were, debited with the 
value of such benefit. The advantage thus acquired by the 
purchaser from the Corporation, ought therefore to be taken 
into consideration, in any mtxie of settlement which may be 
adopted forcases oflhat character, and it may iiurly bo presum- 
ed that no proprietor of a lot tlius situated would object to 3 
proposition in itself so just and reasonable. 

The Committee take pleasure in slating, that so tar as they 
have had an opportunity of conferring with the owners of com- 
Fnon land lota, they manifest a disposition to have this subject 
arranged upon fair terms, and it is expressly suggested by the 
annexed petition, that this may be effected by a reference to 
individuals to be chosen by both parties. It is imdoubtedly 
much to be desired that tliia whole subject should be disposed- 

1«3 [Doc. No. 22. 

of as speedily as possible, but the Committee are satisfied that 
this must be done gradually, and by a separate arrangemenl 
with each individual owner : no two cases are probabiy exactly 
similar, and the Committee are aware, that in the explanation 
which they have attempted to give of the subject, and of their 
views as to the fittcal mode of adjusting it, they have not been 
able to comprise all the circumstances which, in particular in- 
stances, might be presented to modify the rights of the parties. 
They have endeavoured, in taking a general view of the matter, 
to ascertain principles, which must, in a greater or less degree,. 
have a bearing upon the several cases requiring settlement, and 
thus to open a way for the eventual but certain disposal of the 
whole subject, which they trust may be acceded to by all par- 
ties interested therein. 

The Committee therefore conclude by oflerii^ the following 
resolutions : 

Resolved, That in all cases where the owner of any lot or 
piece of the common lands heretofore sold by the Corporation, 
shall apply to the Common Council for an adjustment of the 
boundary lines thereof, according to the map or plan of the 
City, such application shall be refeiTed to the Finance Commit- 
tees ofboth Boards, who shall be authorised to treat with the ap- 
plicant, and to settle by agreement the terms of such adjustment; 
and in case such settlement cannot be effected by agreement, 
the said Finance Committees shall have power to appoint an 
arbimttor on behalf of the Corporation, who, together with such 
arbitrator aa may be appointed for tliat purpose by the appli- 
cant, shall determine upon what terms, according to the princi- 
ples of this report, the said boundary lines should be adjusted. 
And in case the arbitrators so chosen should not be able to 
agree upon tlie matters thus referred to them, they shall be au- 
thorised to appoint an umpire to determine the saine. Pro- 
vided, that in all cases tlie concurrence of two of the three per- 
sons so to be chosen or appointed, shall be necessary to make 
An award. 

Boc No. 2&] 194 

Bemthmd, That in aU cases ofrefei^oee of the above iiatm^ 
the Street Ckxnmissiooer shBll furnah the arbitraton with die 
.aeoessaty maps, and that all the neoesnury bonds, deeds or 
other iDstruments required for such arbitratioos, or to carry any 
award consequent thereon into effect, be prepared by the Com. 
•el and executed in the usual manner. 


SlOCtrM£7fT ZffO. 23. 


B NOVEMBER 1, 1834. 

Jle Committtee on Lands and Places presented the following 
Report on xubjecl of exchange of the site and buildings of 
the State Arsenal for certain lots of Common Land m 

^L Uk vicinity of the Cili/, which was adtyited. 

V J. MORTON. Clerk. 

^r Mavor's Office. Jvm 16, 1834. 

GentJenten of the Common Council, 

I have received from the Governor a communicalion 
proposing an exchange of the site and buildings occupied as 
a State Arsenal, for a location further removed from the com- 
pact part of the City. 

I enclose the letter referred to, with a copy of the resolu. 
lion of the Legislature, on which it is founded. 



Doc. No. 23.] 

196 ^^^B 

New-Youi, Jem 12, 1S34^H 

Nem-York. ^^ 

His Honor C. W. Lawrence, 

Mai/or of NeiD-Yorh, 

SiH — On ihe fifth of Jlay Inst, a resolution passed the 
Legislature of this State, requesling me lo open a correspon- 
dence or negociation with the Common Council of the City of 
New-York, for the purpose of an exchange of the site of the 
present Arsenal in this City, and the buildings erected thereon, 
for a lot in tlie upper part of the Clly, to be occupied for the 
same object. It is believed tliat a location further removed 
from tlie compact parts of the City, would be more eligible. 
A site within three miles of the City Hall would not, I appre- 
hend, be an inconvenient distance. Il would be desirable to 
obtain a larger quantity of land than is contained in the premi- 
ses now occupied for that purpose. 

I desire you to bring this subject to the attention of the Com- 
mon Council, in order to ascertain their views in relation to it 
Herein I enclose a copy of the resolution which authorizes 
me to act in this matter. 

I am, with great respect, 

Your obedient servant, 

W. L. MARCY." 

[Doc. No 23. 


State of New- York, ) 
In Senate, May 3, 1834. ) 

Resolved, If the Assembly concur, that the Governor be 
guested to open a correspondence or negociation wilh the 
Common Council of the City of New-York, wilh the view to 
an exchange of llie present site and buildings occupied as the 
State Arsenal, for a more convenient and eligible location 
terefor in the upper part of the City. By order, 

JOHN T. BACON, Clerk. 

State of New-Yohh, ( 
Assembly, May 5, 1834. ) 

I* Resolved, That the Assembly do concur in the said resolu- 
By order, 

P. REYNOLDS, Clerk. 

Doc. No. 23.] 

The Committee on Public Lsnds and Places, to whom was 
referred the annexed ctHnmunication from his Honor the May- 
or, accompanied by a communication from his Excellency the 
Governor, enclosing the copy of a resolution, passed by the 
Legislature of this Slate, requesting the Governor to open a 
correspondence with the Common Council of tJie City of New- 
York, with the view to an exchange of the present site and 
buildings occupied as the Stale Arsenal, for a more convenient 
and eligible location therefor, in the upper part of the City, 
respectfully ,__. 


That the lands now occupied for a. State Arsenal consists of 
about one and a half acres, situate between Elm and Centre 

streets, and divided by White street into two unequal parts. 
That said land was conveyed to the State of New-York on 
the 16(h of May, 1808, on condition, that when the land shall 
cease being occupied by the State for military purposes, it 
■hall revert to the City of New- York. 

The Committee believe that there exists many strong rea- 
sons that should induce the Common Council to accede to the 
wishes of the Legislature, as expressed in tlicir resolution ; and 
among other reasons they would suggest thai the space of 
ground now occupied for the use of the Stale Arsenal, is too 
limited for the purposes to which it is applied ; in addition to 
which your Committee deem that tlie centre of a populous 
City is an inappropriate situation for an Arsenal, as it is ever 
liable to causuahics, which may endanger its safety, and ex- 
pose the public properly to injury. 

The CJomiTiiltre would furilicr suggest, that the land in ques- 
tion has, fri:i:i its wry locatif.ii, lecome extremely valuable to 
the City of New- York, and that tlie same will immediately be 
required for public purposes. 

199 [Doc. No. 'i^' 

Without enlarging upon the beneficial etl'ccts that would 
arise from an exchange of the site of the Arsenal to a location 
out of the populous parts of the City, it is proper, in connection 
with the subject, to inquire what unproductive or vacant ground 
belongs to the Corporation of the Cily of New-York, which 
can be advantageously appropriated for the proposed purpose. 
For the greater convenience of the Board, the Committee have 
annexed hereto a scliedule or exhibit, taken from the office of 
the Comptroller, designating the common lands belonging to 
the City of New- York, arid within about the distance from the 
City Hal! that was suggested by his Excellency the Governor, 
and embracing sufficient grounds, in distinct locations, to answer 
the contemplated object. 

The Committee believe tliat it would be advisable to request 
his Honor the Mayor forthwith to respond to the communica- 
tion of his Excellency the Governor, and to express to him the 
willingness of the Common Council to enter upon the proposed 
negociation ; and also, that the proposed object may be the more 
speedily and satisfactorily accomplished, that his Excellency 
be requested to designate the name of some person or persons 
who may be authorized, in conjunction with a Committee to be 
appointed by tlie Common Council, to examine the respective 
lots or parcels of vacant lands belonging to the Corporation of 
thii City, that a more satisfactory report may be made to his 
Excellency, or to the legislature, upon the subject of the pro- 
posed negociation. 

In accordance with this view of the subject, your Committee 
respectfully present for the adoption of the Board, the following 

Reaoteed, That his Honor the Mayor be requested to com- 
municate to his Excellency the Governor, the willingness of the 
Common Council to enter into a negociation, relative to an ex- 
change of certain public lands, in the vicinity of the City of 
New- York, belonging to the said City, for the site and build- 
up St present occupied as a State Arsenal : and that his Ex- 

Doc. No. 28.] SOO 

-cellency be requested to designate tome person or persons who 
may be authorized, in conjunction with a Committee of the 
Common Council, to examine said public lands, and who m^y 
'be the better enabled to report to his Excellency upon the 
fitness of selection of any portion of the said public lands, 
together with such further information in the premises, as he 
may deem necessary. 


Adopted by the Board of Assistant Aldermen, Oct 27, 1684. 
Adopted by the Board of Aldermen, November 1, 1684. _^ 
Approved by the Mayor, November 4, 1884, 

201. fDoc. N«. S3, 

Common Lands belonging to Vie Corporation of the 
City of Nefv-York — Unproductive . 


WHEKE ....f'cu. 

On Middle road c 

r 5th Avenu 

U-, lot 84 



lot S.-, 


15 acres 


lot 91 



lot 156 



lot 159 


4 acres 2 roods 

On West road or 

6th Avenue 

lot 161 


4 acres 2 roods 


lot 165 


5 acres 3 roods 


lot 166 



lot 1G7 



lot 168 


21 acres 


lot 169 



lot 171 


5 acres 


lot 173 


4 acres 3 roods , 


lot 175 


5 acres 1 rood ' 


lot 177 


5 acres 3 roods 


lot 179 


5 acres 3 rood» 


lot 187 


4 acres 1 rood 


lot 188 


4 acres 

■|)oc. No. 23.] 203 


Common Lands belonging to the Corporation of the 

Cify of New-York— Productive. 





■ On Middle Uoad 



Msjr lit, 18SS 

On CNd Post road, near 3d Av- 





do. do. 




da do. 



do. do. 




da do. 




1 do. do. 




do. do. 




do. do. 




On 4th Avenue 



On Middle road or 5lh Avenue 


part 37 


do. do. 




do. do. 




do. do. 




do. do. 




t - do. do. 



do. . 

















> • do. do. 




do. do. 




do. do. 




Mr do. do. 




V* , do. do. 




m. ^ do. do. 




■B do. 




^^B do. 








^^P do. 




^^ do. do. 




r do. do. 




r On West road or eth Avenue 




r do. da 




\ do. do. 




\ On Eighth Avenue, extending 


V. aaxoB Blotrniingdale road | " 








NOVEMBER 24, 1834. 

Tie Joint CommiUee on Wlutrves, and Puhlic jAinds and 
Placet, lo whom was referred the petition of the dealert in 
Lumber, asking for a suitable Bulkhead lo be built for the 
accommodation of Raftn, SfC. presented the following Report, 

L u&irA was laid on the Table, and directed to be printed for 

B the UK of the Members. 

■ J. MORTON, Clerk. 

I The Joint Committee, on Wharves, and Public Lands and 

H^bces, to whom was referred [lie annexed petition of sundrj' 

P jereons, dealers in timber, asking the Corijoration to take the 

proper measures, for the erection of a suitable Bulkhead in 

ihe Hudson river, for the purpose of forming a basin, for the 

laie keeping of timber, brought to this City for sale and con- 

tnnnption, respectfully 
That the memorialists state in their application, they are 
engaged in the lumber business, and bring square timber, 
tpars, docklogs and other kinds of timber, used in tlic various 
purposes of house and ship building, and for the construction 
^^f vharves dtc. to this market for sale, the amount of which, 


Doc. Wo. 24.] a04 

is estiniateti lu be aiuiuully, ueuxly n miliion and a fa 
lara in value. The tneniorialista further state, that hitherto it 
has been the custom lo place these rafts of timber, along the 
shores of the North river, in order to meet the wants of the 
Market ; but that by reason of the improvemenla, which, for 
aome years past have been oiadc in that part uf the City, by 
docking out and lilJing up the lots, they arc now wholly depriv- 
ed of any place, which can be safely used for such purposes ; 
and in conscqueuce of the cKiwsed situations of their rafts of 
timber, tlioy havo been subjected to very serious losaei in 
stonuy weather, from the lashings of the riifis giving way, and 
the consequent scattering and diBpcrsion of the timber, and 
especially so during the winter months ; and they now soli- 
cit (he Common Council, to furnish to them the means of safety 
an<r protection, in carrying on their business, by building a 
Bulkhead in the river, which shall enclose a suflicient space 
of Water, in which to haul their rufts of timber for safety; and 
at the same lime, proposing to pay to the Corporation of ihe 
City, such amount of rent, for the use of the said water, as 
shall be just and reasonable, and fully remunerate the public, 
for the sums espeuded by them. 

Your Committee, have had this very important subject before 
ihem for consideration and discussion, for several months past, 
and have specially deemed it their duty, particularly to exam- 
ine all its bearings, Irom considerations arising, not only out of 
the magnitude of the subject Itself, but also, because il is novel in 
its chai-acter, and if entertained by the Corporation, will form 
the basis of an arrangeinent to continue for several years. la 
the prosecution of these examinations, they have had before 
them, the parties interested in the matter ; and also have 
heard the objocttons made against the project, by one of the 
land owners in the river, whore it is proposed, to construct the 
Bulkhead ; aud who, as far as your Committee are infonned, 
is the only person who objects to it. 

When the very rapid increase of the City is adverted to, 
it must be apparent that amongst the imporUiut branches of 
domestic industry^ as afibrding materials for the constructioo 

20.0 [Doc. No. S4> 

of ships. Louses, manufactories, iStc. on the most advantageous 
terms to the consumers, is tliis particular branch now under 
examinalion i and your Comniiitee are fully satisfied of its 
just claims lo an unbiassed and I'rank determination, on the 
merits of llie application now presented. The place where the 
memorialists ask for tho instruction of the Bulkhead, is at 
Norton's Cove, to extend from 3(Jth to 43d street ; and your 
Committee, from personal examination, believe this to be par- 
culiarly adapted for such a purpose, from tbe peculiar make of 
the shore, which, from its curved lines, furnishes facilities for 
encJosing a large space of water at less cost than any other 

Accompanying the memorial, Is a distinct proposition, ia 
writing, to lease Irom the public, for the term of ten years, the 
Bulkhead, when built, at an anuual rent of 7 per cent, on the 
actual cost thereof, when completed, and with stipulations to up- 
hold, maintain and keep tiic Bulkhead in good repair for the term 
of years above specified. When we consider the probable 
increase of the City, it would seem but reasonable to believa 
that by the expkation of ten years frotnthia time, the improve- 
ments will have progressed, so far along the margin of the 
Hudson river, as to render it necessary to fill the water lots 
up to 43d street, an opertitiou which will be very much facili- 
tated, by having a Bulkhead already constructed lo receive and 
maintain the surplus earth from the adjacent upland, so that in 
alt probability, a double purpose may bo answered, receiving 
rent for the Bulkhead, during the first ten years, and disposing 
of ii aAerwards, to those who may then take out grants for dig 
water lots. A plan of the proixjsed construction is herewith 
presented, From which it will be seen that tbe whole length to 
be built including llic returns, will be about 2500 feet, and the 
Cost is estimated by the Street Commissioner, at about 870,000, 
Certainly a very large sum, but which, under all the circum- 
stances, it is confidently believed, will yield a very fair return. 

Upon mature deliberation, your Coraniitlcc, are unanimously 
of opinion, the plan is intimately connected willi the general 
welfare and prosperity of the city, and they recommeod. is% 
adoption by ofierinir l/ie fo)j'i.nving resolutions ; 

Doe. No. 34.] 


Reaoloed, That the space in tlie Hudson river, lying between 
86ih and 43d streets, (according to a plan hereunto annexed) 
be and the same is hereby reserved, and set apart for public 

Keiolixd, That the above mentioned space be enclosed by 
a good and substantia) Bulkhead, to ne sunk in the Hudson 
river, as the same is delineated and set out in the above men- 
tioned plan, and that a sum not exceeding $70,000 is hereby 
appropriated for that purpose. 

Hetolved, That vfhencver Lewis B. Griffin and his associ- 
ates shall enter into such legal covenants with the Common 
Council, with good and sulHcient conditions, to lease from them 
the Bulkhead and water hereinbefore mentioned, for the term 
of ten years from the erection of the said Bulkhead, at at an- 
nual rent of seven per cent, on the actual cost thereof; and 
shall further stipulate to keep and maintain the said Bulkhead 
in good and complete repair, during the said term of ten years ; 
and shall also give two good and sufficient sureties, for the 
faithful performance of the above conditions, the whole to be 
approved by the Finance Committees of both Boards. Then 
and in that case, and not before, the Street Commissioner is 
directed lo take the proper measures, by pubhc advertisement, 
to have the aforesaid Bulkhead constructed. ^m 


Joint CommiOee on Wharves and Public Lands and Ptacn. 



NOVEMBER 24, 1834. 

%e Market Committee, to whom was referred the nilrject of 
priicuring ground for t-xtending the Centre Market, pre^ 
iented the following Report in faror thereof, which uxu 

J. MOUTON, Clerk. 

The Joint Commillee on Markets, to whom was referred 
B fellowing resolution, presented by AJderman Wales, to tlte 
of Aldermen, October 27, 1834 : 

" Jlegolved, That it be referred to the Market Committee to 
iquire into and report on the expediency of purchasing ground 
jacent to the present Centre Market, for tlie purpose of en- 
ir^ng the same ; the present Market and Market ground 
eing too contracted, and altogether insufficient for the wanta 
*f the inhabitants in that section of the Citj," 


That your Committee have taken tliis subject into their seri- 
ous and deliberate consideration. They find, by a reference 
to llie Documents, that a report was made in favor of «xteKd* 

Doe. No. 25.] 308 

ing said Market, (see DocumeDt No. 58, of tbe Boud of 
AldermeD, January 6, 1834) by taking a piece ground from 
the centre of the block, between Broome and Grand atroeti. 
opposite the present xMarkct, of one hundred and fifty fiset oo 
Orange street, and the same on Mulberry street, and which 
the Corporation, on the 11th of February, agreed to purchue 
for that purpose, for about sixty tliousand dollars, and proYided 
for the payment of the same out of the Sinking Fund, by the 
law passed 4th March, 1834, entitled a ** Law to amend the 
law making provision for the redemption of the City Stock ;^ 
(see Corporation Laws, page 222.) They also find, by a re- 
ference to the proceedings of the Legislature, that the applicft- 
tion to that body for power to take this plot of ground, and in 
which was embraced the taking of a plot for extending the 
Grand street Market ; also, for taking ground for a Marlnl 
in the 11th Ward, that the application for the extension of lbs 
Centre Market, was not incorporated in the law which autho- 
rized the taking of grounds for the two other Markets, and 
which your Committee believes was defeated before the Legis- 
lature, by the inlerferunce of persons not having the public 
good in view. 

Your Committee have therefore determined to begin de novo^ 
and will now submit their reasons for recommending an ex- 
tension of the Centre Market, upon the ground that the same 
is necessary for public accommmodation. 

The present Centre Market is situated on a gore of ground 
bounded by Grand street on the west, by Orange street on the 
east, and by Centre street on the north, running to a point on 
Broome street, and which pays the Corporation, on the present 
investment, between thirty and forty per cent, as may be seen 
by a reference to the Comptroller's books, &c. The Market 
buildings, as they now stand, are in a dilapidated state, so much 
so that if no other site is speedily procured, they will have to 
be taken down and new buildings put up at a very considera- 
ble expense, without adding any thing to the size or the aocam- 
modation necessary, and most certainly not any thing to the 



[Doc. No. 9S. H 

y The populadon supplied from ihis Market amount to be* 
reen thirty aoti Ibrty thousand people, comprising parts of 
e 6th, 8ih, lOlh and ISlh Wards, and the whole of the 14th 
HTard, and the accommodations iii consequence of its being an 
ind Market, every thing having of necessity to be brought 
kere by wagons, carts or sleds, are entirely insufficient, 
u Tiw country people who frequent this Market are not and 
iDQOt be accommodated, because the space allotted them is 
o small and conuacted, there not being room for them to place 
r wagons, tliat many are obliged to go to other Markets ; 
i of course ihis Market is not so well furnished with coun- 
' produce, as it would be if Eliere was more room, nor aa 
B other Markets are who receive a great portion of country 
B by boats, being contiguous to the water front ; and 
g to the want of this accommodation, the price of the 
articles from the country is greally enhanced. 

The number of petitioners last winter in favor of the exten- 

a of this Market, was from one thousand to twelve hundred* 

e proportion of llieni, as will Lie seen by the petition. 

rere men of property and standing in ihatseetion of theCity> 

i so great was the necessity, and so just was the daim 

isidered by the Common Council of the last year, that tha 

I was passed by them unanimously. 

_. It is therefore necessary that something should be done f<* 

R^us section of llie City, by prf.)curing tliein further Market ac* 

romodations, and with this view the Oommittec propose tbs 

Bllowing. , 

To take the whole of the ground fronting on Grand street, 

F between Orange and Mulberry streets. 201 feel 6 inches, and 

nuuiing back on Mulberry street 200 feet 3 inches, and on 

Orange street 200 feet 2 inches, making an area of 201 feet 

inebes by 200 feet 2 inchea, to build a Market on, and a street 

of 40 feel in ilie rear, as may be seen by the diagram hereunto 

annexed. A Market can be built on this area for the Butchers' 

^ Market, on the fronts of Grand. Mulberry and Orange streets, 

^ktod the centre for a Vegetable Market ; and Ihp ground now 

^V«ccupied would remain fni' a F'ish Market, and a Market for J 

D4c. No. 85.] . SIO 

the ooontry people and tlieir wagons. The value of taid 
ground and improvements proposed to be taken, is estimated 
by your Committee at about $95,000. 

It is estimated by your Committee that the Corporatioii 
have no pro]K!rty which pays so large a revenue as the ptdiKe 
Markets; and although to accommodate the people in this 
port of the City with a good Market will cost a considerable 
sum of money, yet in the end the public will be the gainers in 
point of revenue. 

The Committee therefore have come to the conclusion, Aat 
it will be proper to apply to the Legislature for a law autho- 
rizing an application to the Supreme Court, for the appoint- 
ment of Commissioners, to take the grounds above described 
for a public Market ; and as a speedy action of the Common 
Council is necessary, they offer for consideration the followiqg 
resolution : 

Rewlvedt That the Counsel of the Board be directed to pre- 
pare and present a petition to the Legislature, together with 
the draft of law, authorizing the appointment of Commissioii- 
ers to take ground for Market purposes, viz: on Grand street, 
from Orange to Mulberry street, 201 feet 6 inches, running 
back on Mulberry street 200 feet 3 inches, and Orange street 
200 feet 2 inches, as is shown on the diagram accompanying 
this report, and that the same be properly authenticated by his 
Honor the Mayor and Clerk of the Common Council, during 
the recess of the Board, and sent to the Legislature for enact- 





J^Oy^MBBR 9,1, 1S34. 

e CommiUee on Fire and Water, to whom toaa referred ttta 
etition of P. Barthelemy, Jot remujieration for tervicei 
performed iti building a Safety Ladder, also, as Inventor of 
Vie same, presented the following Report against the tame, 
tehich wat adopted. 

J. MORTON, Clerk. 

a, ,7faB pommittee OQ Fire and Water, to whom ^vas referccd 
B,ineB}orialQr Peter Barthelemy. (hereto annexed,) on iba 
h of September last, respectfully 


,.-That the memorial itates, that in February laBl the memo- 
ftdulut submitted to the Common Council a piaji, in drawings, 
«f a new Fire Ladder ; that the same was referred to the Com- 
mittee on Fire and Water ; that the Committee required a mo- 
del to be made, and that he had it made ; that the Committee 
approved of the model; were of opinion that the subject was 
oae of great public itUerest, and thai an appropriation i^uld be 

Doe. No. 26.] 912 

made for the constniction of the ladder on the model ; that 6 
Committee agreed with Mr. George N. Miner to build the lad- 
der} that the memorialist daily supervised the work, and that 
the machine completely answers all tlie objects held forth Vy 
the model. On tiiese grounds, as stated in the memorial, Mr. 
Barthelemy claims that " in equity and good conscience, he is 
entitled to an indemnity for Ihe invention of the machine, and 
for the time he has been induced to spend in and about the 
same," and he prays the Common Council " to fix and dcter- 
mioe such indemnity, or otherwise to treat with your memo- 
rialist for his patent right to tlie said machine." The substance 
of Ihe foregoing, and of the memorial, in the opinion of this 
Committee, seems to be, that Mr. Barthelemy submitted to the 
Common Council a plan of the Fire Ladder, and that the Com- 
mittee on Fire and Water thought so well of it, that they 
deemed it advisable that one should be built. Thai the Com- 
mittee agreed with Mr. Miner to build it, and that Mr. Barthe- 
lemy Bupermtend its constniction. That the ladder is completed, 
and answers its object, and, therefore, that tlie Corporation ought 
to pay Mr. Barthelemy for the invention of his machine, and 
time he has spent upon it, or buy his patent right for the City. 
The Committee cannot see that his conclusions are warranted 
by the premises. It does not appear that the Corporation ever 
agreed, in any form, or on any condition, to pay Jlr. Barthe- 
lemy for his invention, or time spent upon it, or to buy his pa- 
tent right. All that does appear is, that they agreed to build, 
and did build a machine on his model, to test the merits of the 
invention, and that the experiment has succeeded. It might be 
thought that this would, or ought to satisfy Ibe inventor; not that 
the success ofthe experiment tried by the Corporation compelled 
tbem to buy an article they did not want Mr. Barthelemy, 
however, from his memorial, seems to think different, and that 
if we do not think proper to nccept his oSer, we must, at lessl 
pay him " for heating de poker" 

The Committee, however, have not rested satisfied with a 
mere examination of the petition. They have examined into 
the hiitory of Mr. Barthelemy'a Fire Ladder, and heard him st 

218 [Doc. No 26. , 

e open his claim ; and, it appears, that by a letter addreBsed 
f Mr. Barllieiemy to his Honor the Mayor, under date of the 
Wlh Februaiy, 1834, and communicated to tlie Board olAlder- 
leo, this subject was first brought to the notice of the Commoa 
SouDcil, (it is hereto aoDexed,) and closes with saying, after & 
ription of the macliine, " Should this plan obtain the sanc- 
n of the Common Council, I should be happy to construct as 
y as may be required for the use of this City before iny re- 
II to Fraoce." Tlua is a simple proposition to build and sell 
ft the Corporation as many laddei's as tliey may want, and is > 
lent as to compensation for his time, invention, or patent, 
'■*The letter was refeired to the Commitlec on Fire and Water. 
On the I2lh of March the model was examined by tlie Com- 
mittee, and referred to the Chief Engineer, with instructions to 
tike die same to the public yard, and consult ilie Engineers of 
» Fire Department in respeul to it, and to report Uicir opinion . 
O the Cojnmitiee. Such instructions were complied with by 
t Chief Engiiieer, and he reported to the Committee, that 
B Eagineers thouglit well of the machine, so far as tliey could 
(I an opinion from the model, and that it would be well for 
■ Corporation to cause a machine to be butlt to prove its quar 
(, and that they thought there was no doubt but it would 
kwer the purposes for which it was intended. The Com- 
e then made inquiries as to the probable cost of building 
cliinc, aad were informed by Mr. Miner, (to whom tliey 
e addressed by Mr. Barthelemy,) tliat the cost of it "if bulk 
ia a fizia style wuuld be three hundred and seventy-live doU 
lars and eighty-seven cents, and it built in a finished style, 
would be five hundred and forty-three dollars and forty cents." 
This estiniQlo is contaiued in a note from Mr. Miner, of the 
28th March, now in the possession of the Committee. On this 
■tale of things, the Conxmittee recommended that a ladder be 
built, and in their report of the 3]st March. 1831, stated, that 
it was said that the machine would not weigli over half a Ion, 
and concluded with a resolution, tliat tiic Committee " have a 
machine, called a Fire Escape, built on the plan submitted by 
Mr. Barthelemy. at an expense npi exceeding four hundred 

Doc. No. 26.] 314 

doHan." (A copy of the report and resolution are hereto 
annexed.) Under this resolution, the Committee proceeded lo 
have the machine built, and after some oegociatioo, the bai^ain 
for it was closed, by a note from Mr. Miner of the 19th of 
April, addressed to the Chief Engineer, in which he says, 
" From the solicitali<->nB of Mr. Barthelemy, I have concluded 
to build the ladder for the sum appropriated, say four hundred 
dollars, though I am satisfied it will be rather a beggarly job." 
The above are the only resolutions passed by the Common 
Council on the subject of Mr. Barthelemy's Fire Ladder, or 
Fire Escape, and they are entirely silent on the compensating 
Mr. Barthelemy for his invention, his time, or his patent. Of 
course, the Committee had no power to make any engagements 
with him on the subject, beyond the four hundred dollars, and 
this Committee cannot discover that their predecessors made 
any further engagement. On the contrary, all these investi- 
gations lead to the belief, that at the Jay and time of the nego- 
ciation and bargain, Mr. Barthelemy's only idea, or, at least, 
apparent idea, was to have the utility of his machine tested, and 
he was well satisfied that it was to bo tested at the expense of 
the Corporation ; and he felt a great interest in it, not only as 
inventor, but in the hope of vending many like machines to the 

In June or July last this Committee were informed that the 
mactune was built, and they were requested to attend and wit- 
ness experiments with it The machine proved to be very 
large, heavy and unwieldy, and instead of not weighing " more 
than half a ton." is found lo weigh three thousand three hundred 
pounds. This difference in llie weight of the machine, which 
is intended to be drawn by men, and managed by companies 
of our Fire Department, this Cwnmitiee deem fatal, and can- 
not, as at present advised, recommend the purchase of any 
more of them by the Corporation, they consider the present 
one as useless lo the Fire Department. Whether it can be 
improved or not, tiiia Committee docs not pretend to say; they 
pieaume that Mr. Barthelemy, as an inventor and macbmtst, 
knew the weight of iron and of wood necessary to give 



[Doc. No. 26. 

TOjiriste sBcngth to his machine, and ib&t Mr. Miner, as a 
skilful mechanic has not unnecesaarilj • added to its weight. 
The priociple of the machine seema to be good, hul as at pre- 
sent applied, is of no use to the City. 

On the 9th ol' October, Mr. Bartheleniy addressed to Ihis- 
Coaunitlee, a letter, which is liereU > annexed, together with 
aa English translation of it; he implies, if he does not assert,' 
that an agreement had been made w ith him " iv put the ma- 
chiike into use, citter by one of the Fire Companies already 
oigBuiaec^ or by one to he formed for this object." No such • 
a^ecment has been made, to the ki lowlodge or belief of ihi* 

This Committee believe the claims of Mr. Barthclemy 

upoq tho Corporatiwi, set forth in h is petition, and {<t whicJihe-' ' 

■jdaims indemnity, utterly without any foundation, and wanting 

febfeven a fact, from which to raise a presumption in their favnr. 

f There is also, in the opimon of- this Committee, still a further 

objection to any purchase, by the Corporation, of Mr. Barlhe- 

lemy's invention, or patput right. Mr. Barthelcmy is not a 

natural bom citizen of the UnitC'l Stales. b\it an alien. The 

•Committee are infomaed and be! ieve, the facts so to be, that on 

about the 20th of December 'last, Mr. Barthelemy declared, 

«ccordmg to law, his intention tn become a citizen of the United 

States ; that he has applied fc<r his patent, and that tlie same 

•will be issued to him, as soon as it can pass through the legal 

fomialilies. Now, until recenlj'y, an alien could not receive a 

jialent from the United Stales for an invention; but by the 

Act of Congress of July, 1832, such pateola were authorized, 

lited, amongst other thinj^s, in wise the patentee did not 

naturalized at the earlii.'st period, at which, by the law, 

be naturalized. And, by another law, a continued re- 

of five years in the UniledSlates is necessary toenliilc 

die alien to his certificate of naturalization. (.\ct Congress, 

HtTcb 3, 1813.) A dei>arlure out of the jurisdiciion of the 

I United States, by the alien, after lie has "declared his in- 
tention," and after he has received liia patent, will deprive 
him of the means of completing his naturalization at the earliest 

t>oe. No. t6.j 316 

period, and, of course, will avoid the patent If Mr. Bardie* 
lemy intended to remain in this country, the purchase, by the 
Corporation, of his patent and invention, would be sufficiently 
hazardous ; but by his letters of the 18th February, and 81st 
of July, hereto annexed, Mr. Barthelemy expresses his inten- 
tion to return to France, as soon as possible. * In such casep. 
his patent will lose all its value as an article of exclusive pio- 

The Committee respectfully recommend the following reso- 
lution to the Common Council, for their consideration and 

Remdvedt That Ae prayer of the petition of Peter Barthe- 
lemy, of the first of September last, presented to the Board oT 
Aldermen on the i5th of the same month, be, and the sam^ 
hereby is denied 









^T DECEMBER 8, 1834. 

3V Joint Committee on Police and Lairs, ^. presented the 
following Report on the subject of puhlishing a new Digest 

ion the Criminal Law, which was adopted. 
J. MORTON, C]erk. 
The Committee on Police and Laws, to whom were referred, 
\jy a resolution of the Board of Aldermen, three several docu- 
Xnents on the subject of a compilation and new arrangement 
^f the criminal code of our State, together with the letter of 
^ticbard Riker, Esq. Recorder of the City of New- York, all 
^f which the Committee have examined with some care, and 
tiasten to report the result of their investigations to the Board. 
While examining the subject which has been committed to 
their consideration, the Committee have been honored with 
tiie attention of several gentlemen of distinguished legal ac- 
quirements, from whom they have derived much valuable infor- 
Their great experience in our criminal courts enable 
to appreciate the importance of a digest of criminal law, 
to the form of our institutions and the necessity of ths 

Do*. No. 27.J 318 

As, the subject is one of great importance, tin 
degree of altentioD, commcniuraf whh ihedewgn; and ihc 
CocnroiliL-fs agrcf' iu ihc opinion, that a work completed 
according lo tin; plan submilled to ihem, will be an acquisition 
to the slock of knowledge on this subject, which has loDg been 
needed by the ot'Sccn and cilizcrs of this Stale, The plan 
propose d is a new nrranpcment of a general subject, and would 
Dot be iniroduced here except to show to the Board more 
clearly ilian can be expressed in any other way, the kind 
of manner in which we may expect the work to be completed. 

The following general outline has been submitted to the 
Committee : 

1. In this treatise it is contemplated to give a summary view 
of our criminal jurisprudence, from the earliest annals. 

2. Of the different modifications it has undergone by tegis- 
lalive provisions. 

8. Of the different grades of crimes, from treason and mur- 
der to a breach of the peace, and other misdemeanors, and the 
difierent kinds of punishment affixed to each. 

4. Of crime in our Cily. having regard to the rapid growth 
of our population and commerce, and the inadequacy of our 
present system of criminal jurisprudence, to answer the great 
ends of criminal justice, and ibe expediency of adopting a sys- 
tem, so modified and enlarged, as to answer our present and 
future increase of population and commerce. 

5. Of the doctrine of the common law on crime, and modifii 
cations under legislative provisions. 

6. Of the commutation of punishment in cases of capital 
oSences and certain other crimes. 

7. Of the policy of enacting laws for the prevention of 
crime, and to that end of establishing Houses of Industry. 

8. Of the great advantages of the certainty of punishment. 
0. Of our State Prison, Bridewell, Penitentiary, House of 

Refuge, Asylum and other public institutions. 

10. Of a well organized Police, and the powers and duties 
of the magistrates thereof, comprising aiso the powers and dtt- 
ties of the City Walch. 

«19 [Dos. iNo. 27. 

t'/ll. Of the powers and duties of magistrates generally. 
* 13. Of the powers and duties of Grniid and Petit Jurors. 

13. Of individuals generally, when il becomes necessary fiw 
tbo preservation of the public peace and tranquilily, or other 
public good. 

14. Of punishments proportioned to the nature of the offence, 
and of renewed and repeated offences. 

15. Of the defective state of our present criminal system, 
and the expediency of organizing one or more tribunals whose 
duties shall be solely confined to the administration of criminal 

16. The Ijenign influence of education on the public morals, 
and consequent diminution of crime. 

Lastly, to which will be added many otlier important heads, 
with a variety of details ajid precedents adapted to each case. 

This work will l>o one of great importance to all classes of 
our citizens, and will embody, in addition to the law, all such 
forms as will be of importance to those magistrates of our City 
and State, who hai'e not been educated for the legal professicHi. 
In this volume, of from seven to eight hundred pages, will be 
comprised all the information that can be required to enable 
any officer to know his powers and duties relative to the 
criminal law. The citizen and the magistrate will there find 
the exact limits of their respective rights and privileges, and the 
knowledge of the one can always be made useful in promoting 
the faithful discharge of tlie duties of the oilier. 

To prepare a work such as is here contemplated, requires 
great research and no ordinary degree of labor, and the Com- 
mittee understand that Dominick T. Biake, Esq. of tliis City, 
lias proposed to undertake tliis responsible and arduous task. 

Mr. Blake is favorably known to your Committee and to the 
eionsof this City, and is well qualified for such anunder- 
His well known acquirements give ample pledge that 

B cannot be disappointed. 
"^ Added to this assurance, we have the promise of the Recor- 

r, that be will give to the author all the assistance be may 




Doc. No. 37.] U^O 

desire, and that ihc work shall, in all respects, bo soeh fcs i9 

The Cominiltee cnnsidcr ihis assurance, on the part of the 
Recorder, of very great imjiori.tnce ; his great legal acquire- 
ments, and the fund of practical information obtained by lum 
during thirty years of incessant lalior on the bench of our 
criminal courts, will give a character to the work which will 
add preatly to its value. We are also assured tliat Chancellor 
Kent will examine and correct it in its progress, and give to it 
such attention as his leisure will [>eniiit. With these pledges 
for the character and accuracy of the work, we have every 
reason to induce us to offer such encouragement to the author 
as he may from lime to lime require. It would seem to be a 
useless task, in this enilghlcned period of the world, to press 
upon the public authortiies of this City or State, the great im- 
portance of having our laws, and the nature and principles 
upon which they arc founded, well and extensively understood. 
Yet the duty will not be an idle one, if we believe that the 
American people need only to be informed of what will pro- 
mote ihcir happiness and independence to induce them to pre- 
serve it. That we arc ignorant of the source of many of the 
laws that we every day enforce, is certainly true, and that 
many of the laws exist of which we know nothing, is "equally so. 

Among the profession of the law there are those who can 
inform an officer what duties the law requires him to perform, 
but they cannot refer him to the authority unless they search 
the old law books, and point to the common law. Although 
statute upon statute has been enacted, yet scarcely a tenth part 
of the law which gives daily and hourly sanction to the acts 
of the police of our City is to, be found in any enactments of 
our Legislature. 

It is a remarkable fact that then; is no book extant by which 
B magistrate of this or any other State can know what are his 
powers and duties, or one that will assist him to discharge the 
duties empowered by statute. 

It is a desideratum which has been long desired, and was 
always within the reach of every |[ovemment who had iibsr- 

281 [Uoc. No J 

fcliiy or justice enough, to wish the laws properly known and 
wisely administered ; yel strange as il will now appear, has 
nevei- been lurnished in such form as to be within the reach of 
the vast iiumbtr of officers who are daily engaged in the due 
execution of the laws. 

The revisors of our Stale statutes saw the difficulty and 
attempted to correct it by uniting the common law with the 
statutes, and thereby comprising much of the old law doctrines 
in the revised volume ; but this does not reach the case, and 
sflbrds no excuse for the great neglect which is properly 
ascribed to our LcgislaHire. 

A complete criminal code is not found in any of the States, 
under the form of a statute. Louisiana alone approaches il, 
and that Stale is more indebted to the enterprise and distin- 
guished talents of oni3 of our citizens than to any other cause. 
The volume to which we refer contains more of the spirit 
of true liberty and intelligence, both in matter and form, than 
is to be found in any other work on criminal law. 

It is not our purpose, however, to recommend the enactment 
of laws, but the promulgation of tliose already in eidstence, 
and to press upon the Common Council the importance of en- 
couraging a compilation of the criminal laws now in force, 
together with all the forms that can be requiried for enforcing 

It is a maxim, that " ignorance of law is no excuse for its 

Tioiation," and it is founded upon the supposition that all know 

the law. When we recognise this principle we can scarcely 

excuse ourselves for not giving as much publicity as possible 

to all our laws. If it is the duty of every citizen to know the 

laws, then to afford the opportunity of iheir being known is 

certainly tiie duty of the government. Besides the great im- 

^V. importance to the officers who enforce the laws, the knowledge 

^^f of them tends greatly to iheir observance. It was the practice 

^H of the tyrant Draco to have the laws so wrilleti and published 

^M as Dot to be understood, lliat he might enjoy the pleasure of 

^B enforcing them. 

I „ J 


D**. i\o. 37.] 

If this was objcoliouDble a[ a time wEen 
and printing unknown, bow much more so should it be deemed 
at this time,\i!icii we have bodies of men assembling every year. 
for die piirjK>se of enacting lans, and presses that teem 
every subject that cun be iinagiiied, at the most incousidei 

In cverj- well regulated commuoily the laws for the punish- 
mcnlof oU'ences arc not only of great importance in tlic admin- 
istration of justice, but in the prevention of crime ; and every 
wise Legislature wiU be more anxious to warn the vicious or 
«vii disposed against the consequences of an otTcnce, llian to in- 
flict the punishment after redress, to the viclitn is unavailing. 
To puoi^i is always an unpleasant duty, and the heart must be 
truly and fatalJy hardened that can indulge with satisfaction in 
the execution of penal jurisprudence. To warn the unwary or 
designing (rom the path that leads to disgrace and punishment, 
and teach them the duties they owe to themselves and society, 
is one of the most delighlful and useful occupations of life. 

Although it ia not in the power of all lo be as eminently 
serviceable as certain individuals amongst us, yet lliere are 
duties which we can, in every sphere of life, perform, which 
will tend to give a healthy tone to the moral sense of our peo- 
ple, and which it Is the part of every good citizen to encourage 
and promote. 

In proportion to ttic influence which individuals possess, and 
the power committed to their discretion, so are their duties and 
responsibilities increased over the morals and general welbre 
of the community ; and therefore move vigilance and industry 
is required to discharge the duties devolving on those, in the 
way best adapted to promole the great ends for which sode- 
ties are formed and governments and laws established, 

It is a duty which each member of society owes to the otbert 
to warn him against any and c\'cry danger, and to assist him 
in case of necessity, provided that in doing so he does not vio- 
late such laws as may be established for the good of the nhol^ 
If there is danger of a law being violated, it w bis first di 


32S fDac. ^0. 27. 

'to ffarn his neighbor against il, and fiis second to see tliat thef 
law is enforced. 

In proportion to ihe dissemination orinfoi-malloB, so willthff. 
relative duties of individuals be understood and the hwa pro', 
perly executed. 

To diminish crime, promote morals, and decrease expenso, 
demands tlie constant attention of the pubhc authorities j and 
ID directing their attention to these great ends, ihey wUI leadily 
ascertain that, by promoting education and diAusmg ani' 
Btcreasing information on the subject of our laws and institii' 
.lions, they induce the enactment of good laws, procure thelv 
impartial adjudication, and secure their faithful execution. 

Information is quite as useful to the offending citizen, before 
fen offence is committed, as after his conviction ; and it ismueb 
more important to prevent, by timely information, the violation 
of a law, than to secure its rigorous execution. 

We hold, in Uiis government, that laws are made to protect, 
not to punish ; they are made for the benefit of the whole peo- 
ple, and to act as a shield to the virtuous against any violalioHS 
of the rights of persons and prc^rty. 

Our laws were not made to bo broken with impunity — or 
like the web of the spider, or Ihe net of the fowler, to ensnare 
ihe unwary. They are made to be obeyed, therefore they 
must be known ; they should be in the hands of all our people, 
convenieLit of access, giving warning to the unprincipled, en- 
couragement to the virtuous. 

Tlie Common Council have now the opportunity, at a very 
moderate cost, to patronize a work which the Committee be> 
Jieve is destined to afford a large fund of information to tha 
great mass of the magistrates and people of this Slate. 

The Committee have prepared a draft of a law, and here- 
vith 8(.bmit it. 

WM. C. WALES, ) r^n^.v,,, ^ 


SILAS M. STILWELL, ) ^•""*- 





G. HOPKINS. * "■"• 

Committee on 

Boc. No. 27.] 



7b encourage a CompikAion of the Criminal Law. 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of N« 
York, do ordain as fallows : 

1st. That there shall bo paid to Domintck T. Blake, I 
one thousand dollars, in the Ibllowing manner and upoti 1 
following conditions, viz : Mr. Blake shall obligate himself to 
deliver to the Comptroller, at or before the expiration of 
eighteen months from this dale, one hundred copies of a work 
on criminal law, which he ia now about preparing, and of which 
be hassubmitted a plan to a Committee ofthe Common Council 

3(1. Upon such bond being given, then it shall be the duty 
of the Comptroller to pay to Mr. Blake, at the expiration of 
every three months thereafter, the sum of two hundred and 
fifty dollars, until the same shall amount to the aforesaid sum, 
one thousand dollars, subject however to this condition, that no 
part of said sum shall be paid except on the production of a 
certificate signed by Richard Riker and Chancellor Kent, that 
such portion of said work was faithfully executed as sliould 
entitle him to such part of the said money as shall be desi^ 
aated in the certificate. 


omoiiNT NO. as. 

^b DECEMBER 8, 1834. 

ffltttee on Charity and Almi House, presented t 
ig R^rt on certain subjects referred to them fn 
ort of the Commissioners of the Alms House, uiAwj 
•4 and laid on the table/or consideration. 

J. MORTON. Clerk. 

nnmittee on Charity and the Alms House, to whoB 
red certain subjecis in the late Report of the < 
I <A the Alms House (Document 20) in part, 


hey have maturely considered tlie same, and 
commissioners ia the following particulars : ' ' 

is desirable that tlie Clerk of the Alma House reaids 
C, and that his offire and books be kept in one of thft 
Miers' rooms in the old Alms House. Your Commit- 
t deem it necessary to go into the details for this 
fy are fully set forth in the report of the Commia* 

ommitlee are also of opinion that for greater cautii 
onies paid by the Comptroller, to this de^rtcft* 

Doe* No. 28.] S2S 

be paid on the receipt of the Superintendent and Chairman of 
the Commissioners of the Alms House, or in case of the sick- 
ness or absence of the Chairman, then on the signature of such 
other Commissioner as the Board of Coinmissioners may di- 
rect ; and that it shall be the duty of said Superintendent and 
Chairman to open an account in one of the Banks in the City 
of New- York, in their joint names, for the Alms House, and 
deposit all such money received from the Comptroller in their 
joint names, and only drawn out by their joint check or draft 

That from and after the 1st January 1835 all the saltuffes ot 
the Alms House department be paid by the Commissioners ot 
the Alms House. 

We are also of opinion that when the parents of poor chil- 
dren place them in the Alms House, or, as is much more fie- 
^ttently^die ease. Hot "Wten children itre tkkehx^ 6ixt bfilHb 
itiifet, (abtadoned by their parents &id natd%Igfaardfttd8),^ihat 
fit tin such cases, it should be optiohal with %e CoHfn ahffl M tai 
to give them up or not. 

The Commissioners can bind them out, by which means the 
parents and relations loose the controul over them ; but the 
case not unfrequently happens, that after the children are taken 
from the streets, and^are at school, that their relations will take 
tbem out, to set them a begging, or picking up chips, or other 
employment which will certainly end in their ruin. 

Your Committee recommend that the Counsel of the Bosrl 
prepare a memorial to the legislature, and that the same be 
forwarded, asking for the power to detain such children, but 
subject to the right of appeal, as suggested by the Coramij- 

The Commissioners by their report very justly consider the 
services of Doct. Morrell, as valuable to Blackwells Island, and 
to the children on the Long Island Farms ; and we agree with 
them, that he should be exempted from the ineligibility appli- 
cable to the other assistants to the principal of the Alms Houm 
Medical Department. 

We also recommend, and for the reasons given by the Con- 
missioners, that he be allowed- two dollars per weak forbo«r4 

257 [Doc. No. 28. 

from the time the Commissioaers, ceased to pay his board to 
the Keeper of the Penitentiary. 

Your Committee oBcr the following Resolution: 

Resolved, That the Board concur in the above Report, and di- 
rect the Commissioners of the Alms House to change the loca- 
tion of the office of the Clerk from Bcllcvuo to the Alms 
Home, and in such other respects as belongs to ihcm to cany 
this report into eSect. 
All which is respectfully submitted. 


I • ■ 

DOOVMIUrT wo. 19. 


DECEMBER 8, 1S34. 

( joint Committee on Whaites and Public Land* and 
^PlaceM, to whom was referred the Petition of Christiem 
*• BergA and otJicrs for an alteration of the line of South 
^'tlreet, between Gouiemevr and Walnut Streets, preteided 
"the folloioing Report in favor of the Petition,which vxa'jtad, 
^'■"had on the table and directed to be printed for the ute q^ 
"tte Membert. 

3. MORTON. Clerk. 

;, Tbe Committee on Wharves and Public Lands and Flacesi 
to whom was referred the arwexed petition of Christian Bergli^ 
and others, owners and proprietors of land, fronting on the 
Dast River, between Gouverneur and Walnut slips, praying that 
tbe Common Council would take the necessary measures, by 
apphcatioR to ihc Legislature of the State, for ihe pa^uage irf 
a Law, authorising the extension of the eslerior line of Iho 
City so as to be advanced sixty feet further into the East River, 
thus making llie distance between Front and South stroetB' 
two hundred feet, in place of one hundred and sixty feet, whicb , 
is the quantity at present contained between those two stieett; , 
iwpeclfiilly report : 
f That the petitioners in furtherance of the views entertaioed 
by them, have in their memorial entered into a train of argo-' 
mcnt, which very strongly goes to show in the opinion of your 
Cbmmrttee, the expei^ency of carrying into efTect the meas- 
ure which they propose, and for an elucidation of which, the 
Comoiktee beg leave to refer to the aforesaid mentorial, which 
■ hereunto appended. ' 

Dec. No. 23.J »30 

There is also another reason, which In the judgment ct fl 
Committee, baa a very important bearing on ibis question. 
There is a reef of rocks lying in the river, a »hort distance in 
advance of the present line of South street, which if Ibe line 
should permanently remain as it now is, will form a very seii- 
oua obslacle to tlie navigation, but which will be yi some 
mwcarc obvialed, by increaiing the distance between Frcnt 
and Souili sirects to two hundred feet, as in that case a consid- 
erable portion of the reef will be covered by the Butkbead, 
when it comes to bo erected on the proposed line of Soi^tb 
ftreet, aaiotended by the petitioners. An csanninatioaQf ths 
mit^in the Street Commissioner's office, on which the reef fw* 
Ugfpoken of ia dehneated, will it is believed full}' ihov ibfi 
mgp^ty, and in tact the neccs^ty, at some future lifne (if, f ot 
^I^iescnO of extcodiug the exterior line of the City i^flj^r 
into the East Rivcj-, and no reason appeared to exiel wby^^bff 
aeceqsary mcmsurca m;iy not be commenced at this ume. 
With regard to the nddilionai amount of rent to be reserved, 
and other details connected with liiia matter, your Commiltce 
believe they may very properly be left for future adjustitient, 
after the necessary law has been obtained from the LegMattiil^ 
and they offer the following resolutions. ' " = 

Resolved, That application be made to the Legislattuv c$ dm 
State of New-York, at its nest session, for the pass^g« o^ t 
Law, authorising tlie Corporation of this City to extoiHl tht 
^xteiior line, between Gouverneur and Walnut streets, sa^. 
faot further into the East River, so as to make the disjaaat 
between Front street and South street, two hundred feet i*^ 
^tead of its present distance of one hundred and forty fecL 

Resoliied, That the Committee on Applications to the Trfpihi 
tun be instructed to take the necessary measuret tJ cany, tbto 
efitct the preceding resolution. 

Jo'nt ComButMB>aa.r 


JOHN BOLTON. , ^^,, , j.. 

SILAS M. STILLWELL j ,^^^"* ^ *^' 

ISAAC DYCKMAN. V »c i-anaa. 




To the Honorable ike Common Council of the fiiiy ^ 
New-York. [ 

The petition uf ilie subscribers, Freeliddera and Inhabitanti 
sf this City, respectfully showeih that your petitioners Christian 
Tergh, Tnomus Leggett, James M. Walerbury, Samoa 
Oakley and Samiici Uakes, are owi»ers and proprietora of laiiS 
^jaccnt the East River, between Governeur slip and Walmit 
■reet, and also of the land under the water of said river in frottt 

Rlheir respectipc premises and extending out to the pernianeat 
^^ e of the City as heretofore contemplated, subject however. 111 
le^rd to the latter, to certain quit rents reserved thereon b^ 
a grants from the Corporation under which the same is held, 
md that they arc desirous for the reasons hereinafter stated 
la have the block of ground between Front and South streett 
enlarged and tlie contemplated location of South street dtereo 
fl hereinafter mentioned. * 

, Among other considerations which night be urged in fii*rf 
vt this measure, your petitioners would respectfully suggeil 
fe importance of it as connected with the interests of shi^ 
|uilding — a branch of business which has contributed probabP^ 
4 much as any other to the general pros|jerity and reputation 
i the City, but wliioh has yet, from the course of events and 
he facilities thai Im . :; been given to other interests, been almoM. 
btnished from its precincts. The ship builder from the nurtibet 
rf hands he employs and ilie quantily and variety of materl- 
ib necessary for liia pur|>oaes, draws around him artisans anl 

Kdeunen of so many descriptions as in time to inhance lU 
lae of property in his neighborhood. This ii»crease in tHi 
lUe of property, when it reaches a certnin point, induces the 
owners t'.' project new arrangements. Xew streets are operit 
td and these when carried through the ship yard, unless tHil 
blosk happens to be a spacious one, oblige the man whose enl 
terprisc and industry produced the first effect to break up hii 
•ftablisiimeiit and seek another location. 
^^ Iq thi« way almost all the shipyard! have been successJVftlj' 
^Kjferc«d away from the situations most favoiaUQ (or \.\v«mt %^ 

lpQ€. No. fi9. 333 

couipellcd 10 lake refuge where they could chance to find it 
Some have been removed beyond Corlacrs Hook. But ev«n 
there, besides the inconvenience attending so distant a location, 
the opening of a single street would produce the same effect, 
and oblige the proprietors again to seek another situation. 

It nuty also be observed, that on the block in question, is the 
only iron manulactory and rolling niill now in the City. An 
dtabiishment that is subservient to almost all other branches of 
mochanicism, and which is believed not to be inferior to any 
other in usefulness and importance. The convenience and effi- 
ciency of this establishment may be very much increased and 
promotedt by enlarging the premises on which it is situated, by 
the alteration contemplated by your petitioners. 

The enlargement of the block between Front and Sooth 
streets so as to give a space of two hundred feet between the 
Iwo^ would enable your petitioner Christian Bergh to continue 
tiis business where he is, and tlie owners of other property east 
of his to appropriate theirs also more usefully 'o themselves 
and to the City. While at the same time would no one be in- 
jured by it, but tlie'general value of property in the neighbor- 
hood would be enhanced and the public convenience in many 
respects be essentially promoted. The western section of South 
street as already constructed terminating at a considerable dis- 
tance from the proposed alteration, and the Walnut street 
dock (eastward) extending further into the river than the line 
of South street would extend, if altered as proposed, the turn 
of the River at Corlears Hook would also be rendered more 
gradual and easy. And thus it is believed no inconvenience 
near or remote would be experienced by any one either on 
shore or on the water. 

In connection with this alteration, but without slating it as a 
necessary part of the plan, your petitioners would also sug- 
gest that as the property referred to is so distant from the com- 
mercial parts of the City as not to be required at present for 
the erection of stores, it would be sufficient for all useful pur- 
poses now and for some time to come to have South street 
im tht ^rst inttane* but fifty feet in width, leaving the re- 


j>oc. JTo. »q 


nminlng twenty feet to be added when the bulk head first 
'taected shall have decayed or been Wotn out, and thus to be 
constructed with a view to permanency upon such plans and 
of such materials as in the judgment of the Common Council 
pay be deenied expedient. 

' ■ Your petitioners therefore respectfully pray that the permar 
Bent location of South street in front of their property and ex- 
lendiDg eastward as far as Walnut street, or to such other poiuj 
Is the Common Council may ihink proper, nnay be so made aS 
'to leave the distance between the northerly side of South street 
lod the southerly side of Front street at least two hundred fco^ 
^t the actual construction of South street may in the first in* 
stance be limited to fidy feet, unless such limitation should be 
deemed objectionable, and that the grants for the land under 
water to your petitionera and such others as may desire them, 
may accordingly be extended to tlie southerly side of South 
itTECt, as the same may be altered and constructed as aforesaid, 
upon a proportional increase of the quit rents, payable on such 
grants and with such covenants to ensure the construction and' 
preservation of the said street, as shall be requisite and proper. 
And if the powers of the Common Council under the existing^ 
law are not adequate to the purpose, with regard to which your 
petitioners have heard doubts suggested, but, as to which they 
do not presume to judge, they then respectfully pray that tlie 
necessary application may be made to the legislature for an 
enlargement of their powers in that respect, to the end that 
when authorised by law the alteration hereby contemplated 
may be adopted and carried into efiect. 


Dated this third day of June, 1834. 



The sobflctibers. Freeholders and Ii^bitants of the City cf 
New* York, having seen the petition of Christian Bergb and 
<Mher» hereunto annexed, and being of opinion that the alt^nr 
tfon ther^ f>ropo8ed in the location of South street 'would hf 
Kensficial to die public and free fr<Hn all reasonable pbjitctioi^ ^p 
.the' part of individuals, respectfully recommend the same fp 
itbe coondoration of the Common Council and reqvifs^ itft 
4fae prayertfaereof may be granted. 
' Dated' dni nineteeiidt day of Jiioe, i^di. 






■ t 



NOVEMBER 10, 1834. 

e Conmiillee on Finance, to whom had been referred ikt 
ttUian of Francis B. Cutting, to turrender certain water 

p-aiUs, ami tn take out a new grant in lieu thereof, pretenU 
i the following Rejiort, which waii adopted and directed to 
I tent to lite Board vf Assistant Aldermen for concur- 

J. MORTON, Clerk. 

■ The Finance Cotnmittee lo whom wns referred fhe annexed 
[>etitio[i of Francis B. Cuilins;, praying ihal he may be nllowed 
10 surrender lo ihe Corporalion. certain grants of Janii under 
[ater, between Jane street and Great It ill road, on the Norlh 
(^Ter, and to take out a new grant for the whole, letpecl- 


That Mr. Culling hoa become, by purchase, from diflerent 

idiriduals^ file owner of all the land lying between Greenwich 

set" and high waler mark, and between Jane atreet and 

I'fecal Kill road, and is ah<\ ihc prDprietor of the \a.T\A» OTA^n 


Doc. No. 30.] 238 

water granted to William Bayard, in May, 1804, and to Tho- 
mas C. Taylor, in April, 1831 ; also of a small portuMi of 
similar property granted in May, 1827, to Alexander Knox ; 
all of which lies in front of the upland so owned by him, and 
there being yet a small [no,cc of land under water, in front of 
his premises, which hfti never yet been granted, and to which 
he has the pre-emptive right, and which he desires to obtain. 
Mr. Cutting is desirous of incorporating the whole of his pro- 
perty, thus derived from the Corporation, under one title ; and 
this becomes more advisable from the fact, that he has puicfaaaed 
a small part of Mr. Knox's water grant, and should therefore 
pay a proportional part of the quit rent reserved in such grant, 
which if left in its present situation, might lead to confusion 
and difficulty hereafter. Under those circumstances the Com- 
mittee view the present application as entirely reasonable and 
proper to be granted. The Corporation can suffer no loas or 
detriment by receiving a conveyance back from Mr. Cuttii^, 
of the water grants tlius held by him, and executing to him 
directly a new grant for the whole premises fronting his 
upland. It will be necessary, however, that the proportion to 
be deducted from the quit rent i)ayablc by Mr. Knox, should 
be ascertained and fixed between Mr. Cutting, Mr. Knox, and 
the Comptroller ; and it would be advisable to receive firom 
Mr. Knox a stipulation or covenant to pay the quit rent on the 
part of his grant not sold to Mr. Cutting, wliich he is willing^ 
as the Committee are informed, to execute. The Committee 
therefore offer the foUowuig resolutions : 

Resolved, That the Corporation will receive from Francit 
B. Cutting, a conveyance or surrender of the said lands under 
water, now held by him, and that a new grant shall thereupon 
be issued to him for all the land under water, fronting his up- 
land, between Jane street and Great Kill road, at such quit 
rents therefor as the Comptroller shall estimate and fix. Pro- 
vided that all arrears of quit rent now due, if any, be first 
paid, and that Mr. Cutting shall obtain from Mr. Knox, the 


Doc. No. 80.] 

'ezecution of such instrunient, in relation to the payment of the 
•quit rent, which will for the future be payable by him as the 
CSounsel may require. 

HesoZfiedy That all the necessary instruments to carry the 
feigoing resolution into effect be approved by the Comptroller 
and CTounsel and that the expense thereof be paid by the peti- 




Concurred in by the Board of Assistants^ Dee. 15, 1834. 
Approved by the Mayor^ Dec, 17, 1834. 

DOODiarirr iro. 3i. 


NOVEMBER 10, 1834. 


Committee on Finance, to uijiom had been referred the 
' petition of the Executors of William B. Ithinelander, de- 
eeated.for a settlement of tfieir claim for the use and occu- 
pation of the Bulkhead at Ike foot of Barclay street, by the 
Ht^mken Ferry, presented the following Report, which wat 
adopted and directed to he sent to the Board of Assistant 
Aldermen for concurrence. 

J. MORTON. Clerk. 

The Finauce Committee to whom waa referred the annexed 
petition from the Executors of William Rhinelander, deceased, 
praying for a sf;ttiement ol' their claim for the occupation of 
part of the Bulkhead at the fool of Barclay street, for the use 
of the Hoboken Ferry, since the establishment of the said 
Perry there, respectfully 


That more than two years have elapsed since this subject 
^L wu first brought before the Common Council by the petition- 
H^ *nt since when, e fiili investigation of their rights has been 

K . I 


242 [Doc. No. 31. 

made by the Counsel, %vhosc report or statement, containing a 
history of the case in detail, will be found in document No. 77, 
under date of Jnnuarv 20, 1834. To this statement the Com* 
mittee must refer for full information of all the facts, merely 
observing, that the legal right of the estate of Mr. Rhinelander 
to the Bulkhead ia question,, was thereby substantially conoed* 
ed, and that the only questions left for determination appear 
to be, whether it is exi)cdient for the Corporation to settle this 
claim without the intervention of judicial authority ? and if so^ 
upon what terms ? It is now about fifteen years sinoe Ihe 
Ferry was first established from the foot of Barclay street, at 
an avera^ yearly rent of between five and six hundred dd- 
Iars,and the petitioners, as the ground work of their claim, have 
urged that the Corporation have received all this money fiv 
the use and occupation of their property. On the other hand, 
it may fairly be said, that a portion of this rent has been paid 
for the privilege of the Ferry, and that the establishing such a 
Ferry, in the immediate neighborhood of the other property of 
Mr. Rhinelander, must have enhanced its value. These and 
other considerations, would doubtless have their weight in 
forming an estimate of the compensation to be allowed to the 
estate of Mr. Rhinelander, by any tribunal to which the mat- 
ter might be submitted ; but the (.'ommiltec deem it bad policy 
to seek or suffer a course of litigation where it can be avoided 
on fair terms, and they have accordingly endeavored to effect 
a settlement with the petitioners, less disadvantageous in their 
view to the interests of the Corporation, than would probably 
result from a protracted and expensive suit or even arbitration. 
After several conferences with the Counsel of the petitioners 
they have fixed upon the sum of $2,700, as the amount to be 
paid by the Corporation in extinguishment of all claims on 
behalf of Mr. Rhinelandcr's estate, from the first establishment 
of the Ferry to the first of May next, when the Ferrj'- lease 
vfill expire. This sum the Committee are warranted in saying 
will be accepted, and a full release given therefor, if the Com- 
HM>a Coancil should think fit to adopt the following resolutiQa^ 
which the Committee respectfully recommend. 



Doc. No. 8I.J 243 

JicM^ved, That the Comptroller be authorized to draw hit , 
"Warranl in &vor of the executors of William Rhinelander, 
deceased, for two thousand seven hundred dollars, on obtaining 
from them, and such other parties as the Counsel may deem 
oeceasary, such release as the said Counsel may approve, of all 
'Claims by or on behalf of such parties, for compensation for the 
'use or occupation, by the Corporation or their lessees, of any 
portion of bulkhead or wharf at the foot of Barclay street, 
belonging to the estate of the said William Rhinelander, the , 
aaid executors paying the expense of such release. 




Cmcurred in by the Board of Assutanti, Dec. 15, 1634. 
Approved by the Mayor, Dec. 17, 1834. 


bocuMznrT no. sa, 

DECEMBER 12. .1834. 

Alderman Cornell, from the Committee to whom was refei> 
red the resolution to inquire into the situation of the funds of 
tha Marine Hospital, and to the expediency of keeping open 
the Hospital during the winter season, presented the following 
report : 

The same having been read, it was moved that the blank in 
the third resolution respecting the Committee, be filled up with 
the names of the present Committee, viz : Aldermen Cornell, 
Taylor, Wales, Assistant Aldermen Johnson, Talmadge and 
Boyd ; which was agreed to, and lh2 report and resotutiotu 
were then adopted and directed to be printeJ. 

The Committee, to which was referred the resolution to I 
iuttiitre into the situation of the funds accumulated from ihs 
nceiptfl for the Marine Hospital, and also to inquire into the 
expediency of keeping open the Hospital during the winter* 
b(^ leave to 


That the funds of the Hospital, afler the charge upon then j 
lor the benefit of the Hoase of Refiige, offered no excess u 

Poc. No. 83. S4d 

the year 1833 ; for that year an amount of fourteen thoawMJ 
dollars was funded in the stock of one of the local banks, and 
is now, in conformify with the law, in the charf»c of the Com* 
missioricrs at' !!♦ ;iltii as Trustees for the " llarine Hosjntal 
Fuih'i." At |.rc.-cMt. a baiancL', excec<.linrr twenty thousand 
aoiiars, is in bank, to llu? crcJit of the Health Coinmissionor. 
In the year 1SS2, an amount, accruing from the receipts of 
that olFicer, of about eighteen thousand dollars, was expended 
in the construction of two blocks, with a connecting bridge^ 
used exclusively as a place of debarkation for steerage paf- 

Your Committee would incidentally remark, upon this ex* 
penditurc, that they find nothing, cither in the strict letter of 
the law, nor in the largest construction of expediency which 
can be given to it, which warrants the order for the debarka- 
tion of healthy passengers, and from healthy ports, at the qiiy^r- 
antine ground ; that deprives them of the right of reachii^ 
their destined port in the vessel in which they may have enop 
barked, and that compels them to reach the City from thencei 
in numbers of from Si) to 1:20, with all tlicir baggage, in lighters 
of from 50 to 80 tons burthen. 

A question naturally excited by the fact, that a surplus fund 
does exist, has attracted the attention of your Committee— to 
whom docs such surplus fund justly belong ? 

The right of the State to guard against the approach of pes- 
tilential or infectious diseases, by sanitory or quarantine regu« 
lations, cannot be questioned ; but it may, and fairly can be 
questioned, the right of levying the expenses of such regulations 
by tax, upon men, women and children, in preference to mer- 
chandize, as being the medium of introducing the pestilence, 
sought to be avoided. To levy the tax on the latter woujdi 
have required an express act of Congress ; to assess it upon thpr 
former has been plausibly justified by the assumption, that the 
sum thus raised was for the benefit of the parties contributing 
to it — created an Hospital for their solace ; hence the term 
" Marine Hospital" Can a doubt exist as to whom the fonc^ 
belongs 1 Surely it is the property of those for whose beitwfr 

247 Doc. No. 32.] 

^ua created. Who are they? From ihe year 1831, 
the " Sentnan's Rclreat" went into opemlion, until (Re 
jent lime, ihcy arc for tfic ni.i*is, aliens and nonresident 
J the ftind has accrued since ill is, period. At rhe cxpl- 
a of iwo years from the dale of iheir arrival, the Corpora- 
rave Ihe former class (aliens) at its charge, in cases alike 
tsickness or inability to gain a hvelihood. 

wo hundred and eighty-one are now in the Alms House, 
feould the fund not bo for those who rejiresent the contributors 
—to the Coriiorotion ? ' 

be property on Staten hland, acquired by the avails of Ibo 
t levied on seamen and passengers, is a very valuable one ; 
e to it is vested in the State, which, upon the sale, VrouM 
lils. To the fund by which il was obtained, the 
a have contributed, prior to 1831, nearly three eighths of 
e ftniount. They have, by no means, had a corresponding 
h; since the Hospital has been open, for but aboiit six 
s in the jcar. and those who haVc used it in such period, 
It have been sick on ihcir anival at the quarantine ground, 
! been taken sick during their detention in quarantine; 
Bey have been but a small, very small, proportion of llie num- 
ber. Such as hai'e been taken 111 in the City, with few, if any 
exceptions, have been provided for from the United States 
Hospital fund. This class of citizens, or of society, have now 
a Bcparale Hospital, one for their special benefit — and yet tha' 
sums iliey have hiilierto contributed, arc vested In real cstWe 
from which they derive not the shadow of benefit. Your Ci>itt- 
mittec duem it uquilable that they shouKL 

They would iherefoic suggest the expediency of applying 
to the Legislature for an act, authorizin^^ any surphis which 
may exist of Ihe funds a]ipnjpri!itcd to the Mar'ne Hospital, to 
be apportioned on the 1st January, in each yoar. in the pro- 
portions of two thirds to the Coi'poration of the City of New- 
York, and one third to the Trustees of Uie Seaman's Relreal. 
Title 6, chuptcr 14. of the Revised Statutes, designates tho 
mode ill which the funds shall be raised to support the " MarTrw 
Hospital," and directs how they shall be applied. In this tit)^ 


IMS fDoc. NaSS. 

nor in any other part of the chapter, can your Committee Ibd 
any period limited within which the Hospital shall be kept 
open ; nor can the Committee find, in all the law, ought in re- 
lation to the uses and purposes of the " Marine HospitaV' 
which is not comprised in the title now referred to. By the 
4th section of this title, " every sick person sent to the * Ma- 
rine Hospital/ shall be tliere kept and attended to with all 
necessary and proper care.'' And by the 6th section, ••■H 
persons sent to the * Marine Hospital/ or any other Hotpital 
provided by the Board of Health, other than those who dnll 
have paid Hospital money, and such poor persons as the Boud 
of Health shall exempt, shall pay a reasonable sum for their 
board, medicine, and other attendance.'* 

In whom is the right of sending to an Hospital, ** provided 
by the Board of Health," but in the Board that providee it 
The ^ Marine HospitaP is treated by the law upon the same 
base as an Hospital thus provided. It thus follows, that the 
Board of Health has an unquestionable right of sending to the 
" Marine Hospital" whom it may please. 

That those who have paid Hospital money have a prior and 
undoubted right to the use of the Hospiial, must freely be ad- 

The Health Commissioners have acted in consonance with 
ibe views of your Committee, in determining to keep the Hof- 
pitaJ open during the winter. ^ our Committee suggest the 
^expediency of vesting power in the respective Members of 
your Board, to send to the Hospital such of the sick within 
their respective Wards, as may have paid Hospital money, in 
conforming to such regulations upon the subject as may reas(»i- 
ably be desired or prescribed by the Health Commissioners. 

Your Committee, in closing their report, beg leave to offer 
for the approval of the Board the following resolutions : 

Resolved, That the Counsel of the Corporation prepare an 
application to the Legislature for a law authorizing the appro- 
priation, on the 1st January of each year, of any surplus funds 
that may accrue, under a law establishing a Marine HosfHtalv 

£49 [Doc, rTo.9a; 

I within iuch yea?, in the proponion of two thirds^to the Mayor, 
L AldermcD and Commonalty of the City of New York, and ono 
L tliird to tlie Trustees of the Seaman's Rclreat. Such amounts 
I to be applied by the said Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty, 
I to ibc support and maintenance of sick and indigent aliens, 
[ who may have arrived at the port of New-York, and been 
I within the State for a period exceeding two yenrs — ami by 
t the Trustees of the Seaman's Retreat, to the formation of a 
'.permanent fund, the income of which shall be exclusively ap- 
propriated to the support of aged and indigent mariners, who 
I may, for ten successive years, have paid H ospital money at the 
I port of New- York, or any oiherport of entry or delivery witb- 
) in this State. 


Renlved, That each of the Members of ihis Board be, and 
they are hereby vested with power to send to the Marine 
Hospital, such sick wiihin their respective Wards, as may have 
paid Hospital money, and ihata Commiilcc of be appointed 
to act with the Health Commissioners, in framing regulations 
for the admission and determining the class of such sick that 
may be sent to the said Hospital. 

Reaolixd, That the Health Commissioner be, and he is re- 
<]uested to furnish an account in detail of his receipts and dis- 
bunements for the Marine Hospital, since the last annual re- 

EamptroUer of the Slalo. 
J. I. BOYD. 


r - 

-I' ' 

DocvuiiEiirT sro. 33. 

DECEMBER 30, 1S34. 

i' f^Oatiing am received from the Board of Axsesmri, 
directed to be printed, and referred tii a Cpmai'ltee con.riH- 
ing of Aldermen Monroe, OsU'ander, Cornell, Varian, and 
tie Recorder, to report (hereon. 

i. MORTON, Clerk. 

The Commiltee appoioted to revise the respective Acta 
J to the Assessors for Taxes, within the city and county 
r New- York. 


• That they have attended to the duties assigned Ihern, . 
1 herewith submit, for the consideratirjn of the Board of 
Mrs, the result of their deliberations, in the form of ui 
plication to the Legislature of ibe Slate of Now-Yof^ j/ft 

..^ ^ii 

New-Yorlt. Dewmber 17th. 1834. 

To Ae HomrMe the Senate and AsstmNy cf Ar 

UtaU of XeW'Tork 

Tlie undefiTgccd, asxsson fiyr the city amT oomifr of 
New- York, fsr the- year one tbous&od eight hundved wai 
Airty-iour, beg- ieare respectfu ly to call the attentioB of yoPT 
hononiUe Uxly to the several laws relating to the aasessnenl 
and coUeetioir of taxes in the city and county of New-Yori[r 
and Ur MQgw^ i«r your eonaderation, same amendmema ikr> 
to, by which, tiiey^ from experience, are led to believe many 
txisting difficulties will be removed. 

1st That the third section of the act passed the nt& of 
.^^1, 1825, vol. 7th« page 123, be so amended that the axaoip* 
tion fnxa taxation shall not extend to that part of angr building: 
used for public worship, which is let out forai^odiev parpoae^ 
or for schoob other than those of the public school society. 

[The following is the section alluded to-abo^'e.J 

III. And be it further enacted, That the exemption firemr 
taxation of any building for public worship, or any school 
under and by virtue of the third section of the said act of the 
23d of April, 1823, entitled *' An act for the assessment and 
collection of taxes,** shall not extend or apply to- any sucb 
buildings or premises in the said city, unless the same shall be- 
exclusively used for such purposes, and exclusively the proper^ 
ty of a religious society, or the New- York free school society.. 

2d. That the 3d section of the 13th chapter of title 1st, of 
the revised statutes be amended by adding, after the word 
chattels, " vessels and their cargoes, whether in port or not,*^ 
and after the word mortgage, " wheresoever due." 

[The section referred to above.] 

§ 3. The terms " personal estate," and " personal property,*^ 
whenever they occur in this chapter, shall be construed. to 

ttliS {Doc. No, 33. 

^lodte sU household fiirniture; monies; goods; chattels.; 
debts due from solvent debtors, whether on account, contract, 
»te, bond, or mortgage ; public stocks ; and stocks in iiionicd 
Jprporations. They sliall also be construed to include such 
jBonioa of the capital of incorporated conapanies, liable to 
|bxalioa on their capital, as shall not be invested in resd est!^t% 

3d. That the property exempted by 1st of the 4th section 
F title 1st, viz; By the constitution of the slate of New- 
ork, and by the constitution of the United Stales, bo s^cjf 

[Section referred to above.] 
ft 4. The following property shall be ■exempt from laxa- 

I. Ml properly, real or personal, exempted from toxatioq by - 

e coMtilution of tliis state, or under the constitution of tha ' 
ffnited States ; 

•' 2. AH lauds belauglng to this state, or tlie United States : 
" 3. Every building erected for the use of a college, Incorpo- 
nted academy, or other seminary of learning ; every buildin{[ ' 

r public worship; every school-bouse, court house and jail} 

id the several lots xvhereon such buildings are situated, snd 

e furniture belonging to each of them : 

4. Every poor-house, alins-house, house of industry, and 
■ house bfilonsing to a company incorporated for ths 
reformation of oflcnders. and the real and personal property 
^locigiDg to, or connected with the same : 
, a. The real and personal property of every public library ; 
Y p. Ail stocks owned by the state, or by literary or charitai 

ipfj^tutions : 

1. The personal estate of every incorporalfid company no! 
tnadc liable to taxation on its capital, in the fnurtli Title (4 
this chapter : 

8. The personal properly of every minisler of ihe gospel, 
« pr4est of any denomination ; and the real estate of such 
minister, or priest, when occupied by hitn, wdw^Jtfd indlTflli 

Htc. No. 3S.3 i 

the asscssmeot of every monicd or stock corporation, autho- 
rized to make dividends on its en pita), ironi whiah no such 
affidavit shall bo rcccivcdv shall be conclusive evidence, that 
MOich corporation was liable to taxation, and was duly assessed. 

9th. That the following, contained in the 4th section of the 
act of April 20th, 1830, ** but they shall in no instance reduce 
ihe aggregate valuations of all the wards below the aggnv 
gate valuation thereof, as made by the assessors of the aaid 
Wards respectivdy," bo stricken out. 

[The section referred to.] 

§ 4. After the several assessment rolls for all the wards of 
the said city shall have been completed by the assessors hr 
each ward respectively, and before fair copies thereof are made 
tot ilie inspection of the inhabitants of the said wards respec* 
tively, it shall be the duly of the president of the said general 
board of assess«)rs, to convene the members thereof; and the 
said board shall thereupon examine and eomparc the said se- 
veral assessment rolls, for the purpose of ascertaining whether 
ihe valuations in one ward hear a just relation to the valuations 
in all the wards of the said city ; and they may increase or 
<liminish the aggregate valulions of real estates in any ward, 
by adding or deducting such sum upon the hundred as may, in 
their opinion, be necessary to produce a just relation between 
all the valuations of real estate in the said city 4 but they shall 
in no instance reduce the aggregate valuations of all the wards 
below the aggregate valuation thereof, as made by the assessors 
of the said wards respectively. 

10th. That the 8th section of the act of April 20th, 1830, 
be stricken out. 

[The section referred to.] 

§ 8. The supervisors of the said city shall, at their annual 
meetings, examine the assessment rolls of the several wards, 
for the purpose of ascertaining whether the valuations in one 

259 [Doe. No. SSt 

Vd bear a jusi relation (o the valuations in all the wards cf 
p said city ; and they may increase or diminish ihe aggregate 
pluatioas of real estates in auy ward, by adding or deducting 
b sum upou the hundred as may. in their opinion, be neces- 
/ lo produce a just relation lietween all ihe valulions of 
nJ estates in the said city ; but tlicy shall in no instance re- 
Bce the aggregate valuations uf all the wards, below the ag- 
ate valuation thsreof as made bv the 

Ilth. That ail property in the charge t^the Assistant Reg^ 
r of the Court of Chancery, of the clerks of llie Superior-' 
i Supreme Courts, and of the Court of Common Picas, and 
jjf the surrogate, shall be deemed and considered as perioniil 
property, and as held by them as trustees, and ihcy shall b^ 
Quired to furnish the assessors of the wards in which they, 
na^ reside, with a schedule, under oath, of the amounts held 
y ibcm respectively, by tlie first day of August, in each and 
very year, in order that i\v. same may be taxed as jwrsonaL 

12th. That the act of April 27th, I&33, be allogeiher repeal- 
ad or be so modilicd as not to apply in its operation to tho* 
•ily and county of New-York. ' 

[Act alluded to above.] ,' 

People of the Stale of New-Yorh, represented in Senate 
and Aticmbly, do enact as Joflows : 

§ 1. All debts owing by inhabitants of this slate, to per-' 

toaa not residing therein, for the purchase of any real estaicr 

Hr secured by mortgage on real estate, shall be deemed per^ 

inal properly within the town and county where the debtor, 

fcsides, and as such, shall be liable to taxation in the same man-^ 

■, and to the sime exteni, as the personal estate of citizen*^ 
■of this slate. 

i S. The assessors in each town and ward, while esgagedla 
In aacertaining the taxable property therein, and fae iw > l 

IM day of June in each year, shall, by diligent Inquiry, aatief*' 
tain the debts of the description mentioned in the first sectioii 
of this act, owin:? bv the inhabitants of their several towns and 
wards to non-residcnls of this stale, and in a preparatory 
agsessmont roll, to be mnde by them for that purpose, shall 
ttatc and designate the s;iid property according to their best 
information, in four separate -columns, as follows : 

L In the first column, the names of the creditors respec- 
tively to whom such debts aro owing ; 

2. In the second column, the names of any known agents 
of such of the said creditors, with the places of residence of 
tuch i^nts respectively ; 

8. In the third column, the amount of every debt owipg 
to such creditor, of the description mentioned in this section^ 
atatinc; separately the amount owing by each debtor ; 

4. In the fouth column, the names of t!io persons by whom 
tuch debts respectively are owing, and the town and county of 
their residence. 

§ 3. For the purpo^'c of making such sJatement, and for the 
pur|K>se of makin:;c any assessment required by law, the assess- 
ors of any town or ward shall be periiiitled, without being 
required to pay any fee or charge whatever, to inspect the 
books kept by the clerk o!' their county, or in the city of New- 
York, by the register thereof, in which mortgages are regis- 
tered or recorded, or in which any contracts for the sale of 
land are recorded ; and to inspect ail unrecorded mortgages 
and contracts left with such clerk or register, and to take such 
extracts therefrom as they shall deem necessary. 

§ 4. The assessors of any town or ward, or any of them, 
may administer an oath to any person whom they may think 
proper to examine, to make true answers to such questions as 
shall be put by such assessors, touching the subjects of inquiry 
directed by this act ; but this sectir)n shall not extend to those 
cases where a list of debts shall have been furnished by the 
agent of any non-resident creditor, according to the provisions 
of thiti act 

[Doc. No. 33. 

5. As soon as the assessors shall have completed their 
•paratory assessment rolls, and on or before the first day oS 
ly in each year, they shall cause a fair copy of the same to 
'made out, which shall be certified by ihcm, or a majority of 
■a to be correct, according to the best information ihey can 
tsiu, and shall deliver the same to the county treasurer of 
ir county. 

J 6. If there shall reside in any county of this state, an 
fent of any non-resident creditor, having debts owing to him 
the description meniioned in ihe first section of this act, 
•hall, on or before the first day of June in each year, fur- 
fa to the county treasurer of his county a true and accurate 
it of debts of the description mentioned in the first section of 
I act, ■which were owing on the first day of January preced- 
;, to the principal of such agent, by any inhabilant of ihii 
le, arranging such list according to the town and county of 
I residence of the debtor, specifying therein the name of 
Eh debtor, the town and county in which lie resides, and the 
Rmnt owing by him ; which list shall be verified by the oath 
teich agent, to be taken before any commissioner of deeds or 

of the peace. 

I 7. Any such agent who shall refuse or neglect to funush 

""H list, shall forfeit the sum of five hundred dollars to tha 

of the county in which he resides, to be sued for by the 

iSDrer of such counly in his name of office, and to be reco- 

sd upon proof that the principal of such agent had debts 

ring to him by inhabitants of this slate, of the description 

mtiooed in the first section of this act, and that the existence 

such debts was known to such agent. 

i 8. The county treasurer who shall receive the certified 

itements of the assessors of hts county, shall immediately 

out from the said statements so furnished to him by ihfr 

r, and from the lists received by him from the agents of 

.residents, a list of the debts appearing on such statements 

lists to be owing to persons not residing in tltis stale, by 

of any other county than that of such treaiS8ret«iap 

Doc. Nori33.] 268 

each county in which any such debtor resides ; the said fisC 
riiall be a transcript of so much of the original statements and 
lists furnished as above provided, as relates to the debts herein 
required to be stated, and the [>articulars thereof shall be 
arranged in the said lists, in the same manner as herein direct** 
cd in respect to the pr*paralory assessment rolls of the asset- 
sors. In case it shall aj)pcar that the same debt has beeD 
returned by any assessors in their preparatory assessment rollsr 
and also in any list furnished by an agent of any non-resident, 
the county treasurer shall transcribe only one of such entries 
in the lists herein directed to be made by liim. The lists thus 
made shall be certified by such county treasurer to be correct 
abstracts from tlic statements and lists furnished to him ac* 
cording to the provisions of this act. The list made for each 
county shall be transmitted by or before the fifteenth day of 
July in each year, by mail, to the county treasurer of such 

§ 9. Every county treasurer shall, as soon as he shall haver 
received such abstracts from the other county treasurers, pre- 
pare from the said abstracts, and from the preparatory assess* 
ment rolls furnished to him by the assessors of his county, and 
the lists furnished him by the agents of non-residents, a list of 
all the debts appearing from the documents aforesaid to be 
owing to persons not residing in this state, by inhabitants of 
any town of his county, for each town in which such debtors 
reside ; the said list shall be a transcript of so much of the 
said documents as relates to the debts herein required to be 
stated, and the particulars thereof shall be arranged in the said 
lists in the same manner as herein directed in respect to the 
preparatory assessment rolls of the assessors. If it shall ap- 
pear that the same debt has been returned by any assessors 
in their preparatory assessment rolls, and also in any list fur- 
nished by an agent of any non-resident, or in any abstract 
furnished by another county treasurer, the county treasurer 
shall transcribe only one of such entries in the abstracts herein 
directed to be made. Such lists shall be certified by such 
ooonty treasurer to be correct abstracts from the documents 

263 [Doc. No. S3. 

fbnushcd to him according to the provisions of this act The 
list for such town sliall be li-ansmitlcd by or before the tentb 
day of August, in each year, to the assessors of such town, or 
coe of tliem. 

5 10. From the list thus furnished them by their county 
treasurer, the assessors of every town and wiirJ shall correct 
and complete their assessment rolls, by enleiing in the sttms 
die debts appearing by such list to be owing lo persons not i 
residing wiiJiin tliis stale, by any iniiabilanls of iheir town ok j 
ward ; which entries shall be made under the names of the 
mpectirc non-resident creditors, and ihe amount owing by 
Htch debtor shall be entcied iu a separate line, and tlie particu- 
lirs of such entries shall be arranged in the same manner as 
herein before directed, in respect to tlie preparatory asBessmeni 
ooUa oS the assessors. 

§ 1 1. The time prescribed by law for completing assessment 
iWls in tlie several towns iind wards in this state, is hereby 
'ixlended from the first day of August to the first day of Sep- 
lennber in each year; and upon the assessment rolls being 
i[Je1ed, the assessors shall proceed in the manner now 
Mclaifcd by law, in respect to giving nolice thereof, the leaving 
B rolls with one <*f the assessors, and their meeting together 
correct such roils ; and the time prescribed by law for de- 
vring such cerlihod rolls to the supervisors, is hereby extcii- 
Aei to the first day of October in each year. 
f J 13. At the meeting of the assessors to correct their rolls^ 
■ursuunt to the notice given bj- them, any creditor whose nam© 
lall be inserted in such rolls, or his agent, may, by his own 
Kdavit or other proof, adduce testimony to the said assessors 
I sl^w that any error exists in the said roils, or that any part 
■ f ny debt therein staled is despcrale and not collectable . 
id the said assessors shall review and alter the said rolls ac< 
iriiag lo the facts so esinblislied ; but no reduction of the 
of any debt siinll be made at ihu ipslanco nl' any non- 
^^ lent creditor whose agent shall have refused or iwglected 
b furaisfa the list herein required of him. 

Poc. No. 3S.] 204 

f 18. The assessment rolls thus completed shall be laid 
before the board of supervisors, who shall proceed as pna* 
•eribed by law to assess the taxes to be raised for town and 
county purposes ; and debts of the description mentioned in 
the first section of this act shall be deemed to be porsooal 
estate within the town where the debtor resides, and shall be 
liable to taxation for town and county charges, in the same 
manner and to the same extent as any personal estate of the 
inhabitants of such town. 

§ 14. In case any treasurer or assessor shall fail to reoctve 
in due season any list or statement required by this act to be 
transmitted to him, such officer may apply to the treasurer or 
assessors whose duty it was to furnish such list or statemmt^ 
for a duplicate list or statement, as the case may requiiei 
which the officer to whom such application shall be made is 
liereby required to make out and certify in the manner herein 
before prescribed, and the same shall be equally valid with the 
original statement or list herein directed to be made ; and if 
such duplicate lists or statements are obtained after the asseit- 
ment rolls arc completed by any assessors, and delivered to 
the supervisors, the supervisors may, notwithstanding, correct 
any such rolls according to the facts contained in such dupli- 
cate ; but such correction shall be made before the taxes we 

5 15. Every collector to whom any assessment roll shall be 
delivered, containing any tax upon any debt owing to persoov 
residing out of this stale, may receive from any inhabitant of 
his town the amount of the tax assessed upon the debt owing 
by such inhabitant, and shall thereupon give a receipt for tlie 
amount so paid, to such debtor, which shall be presumptive 
evidence of the fact of such payment ; and the sum so paid 
shall be deemed to be a payment by such debtor on the debt 
so owing by him to such non-resident creditor, and may be 
offset against the claim of such creditor, or of any assignee 
of such claim. 

§ 16. If such tax shall not be paid by such debtor, the eol- 

265 [Doc. No. 33. 

teetor shall levy theaanie by distress and sale of the goods and 
chattels of the non-resident credilor wilhin his town, in ihe 
(Woe manner as if such creditor was ail iuliabilant of the 


17. When it shall appear by the return of any collector, 
msde according to law to a county ireasurar. that any tax im- 
posed on a debt owing to a person not residing in lliis slate, 
remains unpaid, such county ireasurer shall issue his warrant 
to the sherifl" of any county in this stale, where any real or 
personal eslale of such non-resident creditor may be found, 
commanding him to make of the goods and chattels and real 
estate of such non-resident, the amount of such tax as specified 
in a schedule lo be annexed to ihe said Wiirrant, together with 
the snm of one dollar for the expense of issuing such warrant, 
and to return the said warrant to ihe treasurer issuing the 
same, and to pay him the money which shall be collected by 
virtue thereof, except the said sheriff's fees, by a certain day 
to be specified, not less than sixty days from the date 
Iiucb warrant. 

( 18. The taxes upon several debts lo the same non-resi- 
e included in one warrant; and the taxes upon 
l1 debts owing to different non-re si den Is, may be included 
the same warrant ; and where several non-residents are in- 
cluded in the same warrant, the sheriff sliall be directed to levy 
the sums specified in the schedule ihereio annexed, upon the 
personal and real property of the non-residents, respectively, 
ite to whose names, respectively, such sums shall be 
irritten, together with line sum of fifty cents upon each doo- 
ndent, for the expense of such warrant 
§ t9. The schedules annexed lo such warrant, shall be tiao- 
of so much of the assessment rolls returned lo tbe 
ity treasurer by tbe colleclors, as relates to the tax directed 
Ip be collected, and tlie particulars thereof shall be arranged 
bi the same manner as they appear on such assessment rolls. 
* t 20. Such warrant shall be a lien upon, :ind shall bind the 
Kal aod personal estate of the non-residents, against whom the 
shall be issued, from the time an actual levy shall bo made 

Doc. "So. 83.] 26« 

upon any properly by virtue thereof; and the sheriff^ to whonr 
such warrant shall be directed, shall proceed upon the same, im 
all respects, with the like cflbct and in the same manner iif< 
prescribed by law in respect to executions against property, 
issued by a county clerk upon judgments rendered by a justice 
of the peace, and shall be entitled to the same fees for his mt^ 
vices in executing the same, to be collected in the same maiK 

§ 21. In case of the neglect of any sheriff to return lucb 
M'nrrant, according to the directions therein, or to pay over 
any money collected by him in pnrsuancx; thereof, he shall be 
, proceeded against in the supreme court, by attachment; in the' 
. s:ime manner and with the like effect, as for similar ne^ecte 
in reference to an execution issued out of the supreme court in 
a civil suit, and the proceedings thereon shall be the same in all 

4 22. If any such warrant shall be returned unsatisfied in 
whole or in part, in respect to any non-resident, the county 
treasurer, under the direction of the board of sujxjrvisors of his 
county, may file a bill, in his name of oflicc, in the court of 
rchancery, whatevcrjnay be the amount so remaining unsati** 
iied, against such non-resiih.^nl and his ac:enls, and any other 
person having the care or possession of any property of such 
non-resident, for the discovery and sequestration of such pro- 

§ 23. On the filing of such bill, or on the coming in of the 
answer thereto, or upon such bill being taken as confessed, or 
the allegations therein bein:^ established, the court of chancery 
shall order such part of the property of such non-resident to be 
sequestered, as shall be necessary for the purpose of satisfying 
the taxes in arrear, imi)oscd as aforesaid, upon the debts owing 
to such non-resident, with the costs of prosecution, and may 
order and direct such other proceedings as may "be necessary 
to compel the payment of such tax and costs. 

§ 24. The county treasurers of several counties may, under 
the direction of their respective boards of supervisors, unite 
in one bill against the same party, for the collection of taxes 



•267 [Doc. No. 33. 

en debts owing to non-residents, although such taxes 
■may be payable to diffbrcnl county treasurers. 

^ 25. Whore noii-rcsiJunts who arc panics to any bill filed' 
according to the provisions ol' this iicl. aUM have any known I 
agent residing in l!iiii stale, fur tlic sale of ihcir lands, or for' 1 
iGceiving the purchase money on sal(;s, the court of chan- 
try may, in its discretitjn, mal^e an order that llie service of | 
the subpoena iiiaued on the filing such bill, upon such agent, 
~ be deemed sufticient to entitle the complainant to an order 
the principal of such agent to appear end answer such- j 

i Sft. The expenses of county treasurers, and such compen- 
ntionas their board of supervisors shall allow them for their 
KTvicea, in executing this act. shnll be county charges, and tha 
expenses and charges fol- the services of assessors, under ibis 
act, shall be town charges, and audited and paid as such. 

( 27. Whenwcr it shall satisfactorily appear to ihc ass 
•on of any town or ward, by the oath of any inhabitant of 
diis state, or by other proofs, that any debts due to such inhab- 
itant, by residents in any other slate, arc by the laws nf such 
slate subject to taxation, and have been actually taxed in such 
fltate, williin twelve months preceding, it shall be the duty of 
•ucfa assessors to deduct the amount of such debts from the 
{tersonal estate of such inhabitant. 

^ 28. The comptroller shall prepare instructions and forms 
-Ibr the execution of this act, and shall cause a sufficient num- 
ber of copies thereof, and of this act to be printed and distribu- 
ted to the assessors, county treasurers and clerks of the boards 
4>f supervisors, in the state. 

§ 29. This act shall take eflccl immediately after its passa 

Doc. No. 33. 268 


Raolved, That the Committee be empowered to prenoft • 
draft of their report, as adopted, to the Board of SopenrtKm 
of the City and County of New- York, for their concurrence. 


DOOUniENT NO. 34. 


JANUARY 10. 1836. 

The Finance Commitlee, to wltom wus refmred a communi 
lion from the Comptroller lokh hilLfrom L. Dabnm 4" ' 
/or repairs to tvell and pump, comer of Columbia and 1 
iagton streets, jtresented the followiug re]>o>t, which i 

J. MORTON. Clerk. 

The Finance Commiltee, to whom was referred Uie annexed 
conuQunlcation from itic Comptroller, afikiog the directions of 
the Common Council, relative to tlic bill, therewith presented, 
of L. Uisbrow &, Son, fur repairing a well and pump at the 
corner of Columbia and Rivington street, rcBpeclfuUy 


Thai the bill referred to, amounting to three hundred and 
ninety dollars and ninety-four cents, was, amongst many otliers, 
presented to the Comptroller for payment ; that the Comp- 
troller, doubung the authority of the Superintendent of Building 
W create such a claim, without the special action of the Oi 
mon Council, has declined the paymeut of said bill, until k 

The Ordinance prescribing ihc duties of the Superintendent 
of Building, (Sections 5 and 6) requires him " lo advertise for 

Doc. No. 34 ] 


estimates for ail public buildings, which may be erected h 
der of the Common Council ; also, for all repairs or aJteia 
which may be required in any public building ; and likei 
for all other matters connected with the cowtniction or repair- 
ing of any public work, for the use or under the authority of 
the Corporation, not embraced in llic du^es of any other officer 
or dspRrtment, and of which the cost may,ia hisjudgmeol, ex- 
ceed the sum of five hundred dollars." 

Section 7, says, " In all cases of slight repairs, the expense 
whereof shall not exceed tlw above sum, the snid Superinten- 
dent of Building, shall cause the same to l>e done witliout ad- 
vertising for such estimates." 

fn the course pursued by the Superintendent of Building in 
this matter, he seems to have adopted the letter of the Ordi- 
nance as his guide, and has thereby incurred an expense of 
iJiree hundred and ninety dollars and ninsty-four cents, for re- 
pairing a well and pump, a circumstance which your Commit- 
tee think, could hardly have liccn contemplated by the iramera 
of said Ordinance ; inasmuc has the ordinary cost of a new well 
and pump, seldom exceeds in the whole, the sum of two hun- 
dred dollars ; but it may be said, that wells made by boring 
are always more costly ; and, therefore,"in a rpbitive view of 
the costs, this large expenditure was allowable ; and in farther 
enforcing the propriety of the course pursued, a precedent may 
be sought in the case of the well and pump at rfie comer of 
Avenue D and 7th street, where the original cost was slated to 
be about five or six hundred dollars, and the expense incurred 
in repairing the same exceeded the sum of eight hundred dol- 
lars. To which your Committee would reply, that the very &ct 
of this mode of procuring water by boring, being entirely of re- 
cent date in this City, and the coat so much exceeding the ta- 
dinary mode, was of itself sufficient to have induced the Super- 
intoident of Buildiug to have reported to the Common Coincii 
a statement of facts, as to the need of repair and the prob&ble 
amoiait of the cost thereof. Your Committee are therefore of k 
opinion that a sound discretion in this matter has not beesk I 


[Doc. No. 34. 

eiaed, and that the sul^t has been very properly brought 
the notice of the Common Council by the Comptroller ; but. 
noch as the work has been done by the Messrs. Disbrowsi 
ier the direction of a duly appointed agent of the Corpora- 
I, they think no further difficulty should be made that would 
lay the payment of their bill, and accordingly oSer for ado^ 
u the following resolution : 

Setolved, That the Comptroller draw a warrant on the 
l^easury, in favor of Levi Disbrow & Son, for the sum of 
l^ee hundred and ninety doUars and ninety-four cents, for re- 
Kfeira (0 the well and pump at the corner of Columbia and 
^fiiviogton streets, in full. 


•l ' ■» 

DOOVnUlNV NO. 35. 

JANUARY 10, 1S35. 

Tie Committee on Attessments, to irkum was referred the 
Fetilion of the Execulort and Trvtieet of the Etlale of 
James Uoyd, deceated, of Boston, prating for remittion 
of a Tax, presented the follotcing Report against the Peti- 
tion, which teat adopted. 

J. MORTON, Clerk. 


The Commillee on Assessments, lo whom was referrctf 
Ibe annexed pctilion from ihe executors and trustees of the 
last will and testament of Ihe honorable James Lloyd, de- 
, late of Boston, praying for the remission of a lax 
iHcsscd upoa a porlion of Air. Lloyd's estate, loaned and 
ttcurcd by mortgage upon real property in this city, 

That the question presented by this case is one of more 
thlB ordinary importance, and deserves ihe highest conside- 
ntion of the Common Council from its bearing upon the 
commercial interests of this city. The trustees of Mr. 
LIoyd*» estate, have at different times within the last four 
years, loaned on bond and mortgage in various sums, lo 
inhabitants oi this city, an aggregate amount of 8300,500, 
■U of which Gtill remains so duo and secured. 

On the 27th of April, 1S33, the Legislature of this state 
passed ** an act to subject certain debts owing to non-resi- 
dinte to taxKtion ;" under which liw the Board of Asses- 


Doc. No. 35.] 274 

sors of this city have deemed it their duty to assess for 
taxation the above amount due to the estate of Mr. Lloyd. 
It apiM^ars, however, from the representation of the trustees, 
which is entitled to implicit credit, that 8145,500 of the said 
amount is liable to taxation, and has been actually taxed 
witiiin the last year in the state of Massachusetts;, and the 
trustees now apply to be relieved from the assessment made 
in this city upon the amount so taxed in Massachusetts, ur- 
ging in strong terms the injustice as well as the impolicy of 
such double taxation. 

Your Committee do not deem it necessary to recapitulate 
the arguments offered by the trustees of Mr. Lloyd's es- 
tate, because they are clearly and forcibly presented by 
their petition, and could not be condensed, without impair 
ing in a great degree their peispicuily and effect; but it 
should be stated that the grounds assumed by those gentle- 
men, which relate chiefly to the legal construction to be 
given to the act of April 27th, 1833, have been already duly 
weighed and considered, previous to making the assessment 
now complained of. In August last, the Board of Asses- 
sors * aving received the objections of the trustees, referred 
the subject to ihc Counsel of the Corporation, and obtained 
his wriiten opinion, a coj>y of which your Committee have 
obtained, and deem it proper to annex to their Report. It 
will be seen that the points presented by the petition of the 
trustees as to the i)roper interpretation of the above men- 
tioned law were examined by the Counsel, and that he ex- 
pressed a decided opinion in favor of the right and duty of 
the Assessors (as a question of law) to tax the property in- 
vested on bonds and mortgages in this city by the trustees 
of Mr. Lloyd's estate. Upon this opinion the Board of As- 
sessors acted, and the present application ij in the nature 
of an appeal from their decision. It is proper to add, that 
since this subject has been before your Committee, the peti- 
tion of the trustees has been examined by the Counsel, but 


[Doc. No. 35. 

be has not in any respect altered the views wliicli he 
took of this case in August last. 

It caonot he ex|iec[ed that your Commiltee should discuss 
«r pronounce upon the legal questioii which this assessment 
invulves. The proper ollicer of ihe Common Council has, 
after a careful investigation of the subject, expressed a de- 
cided opinion that as the hw now stands, the pT-opcrty in 
question is subject to taxation in this city, although it may 
be actually taxed elsewhere; and your Committee do not 
feel themselves at liberty to reject such opinion,, or called 
upon to look elsewhere for leal advice on this point. If 
that opinion should not he sound, and the tax laid in confor- 
mity with it should he illegal, the trustees of Mr. Lloyd's 
estate have the same opportunity that others l:avo of ob- 
taining redress by a resort to legal proceedings. Your 
Commiltee therefore assume this tas to be strictly legal ac- 
cording to the existing law of this slate, and ihcy proceed 
lo consider whether, under that view of the subject, it would 
be expedient or proper for tie Common Council to grant 
the present application. 

it is urged by the petitioners as a general principle, that 
it is impolitic to tax foreign capital invested in this city, and 
contributing as it does in a great degree towards its rapid 
growth and commercial prosperity; and that the result of 
persisting in such a system must be the withdrawal of such 
'capital, to the manifest injury of the trade and enteiprize of 
our citizens. 

Your Committee are willing to admit the correctness of 
this position, and they can fully appreciate the repugnance 
which must be fell by capitalists in other states, against 
«ubmj(ling to be taxed both here and at borne for the same 
property ; but while they freely concede that the policy of 
the law which has given rise to such taxation, is, to sny the 
least of it, doubtful, they are not prepared lo admit that Ihe 
Common Council of this city should for that reason virtually 

Doo. No. 35.] 276 

nullify such law, at a sacrifice moreover of a portioD of lie 
revenue designed and calculated upon to meet the expentea 
oflhe city government. 

It is true that applications to the Common Council for tht 
remission of taxes are frequently granted ; but your Cam- 
mittee apprehend that as yet no case has met with aucb « 
result before that body, where the grounds upon which ie> 
lief was asked were similar in character to those advanced 
in the present one. Where parties have been able to satisfy 
the Common Council that according to the law of the lamd 
they ought not to have been taxed, either at all or to the 
tent assessed against them, it has been the practice u 
certain restrictions to afibrd them redress, either by a 
mission or a reduction of their tax. But if it is to be takea 
for granted that in the present case the tax is in confanrntji 
with the laWf however impolitic or even unjust such law may 
be deemed, it would not, in the opinion of your Committee, 
be competent for the Common Council, ifi the exercise of a 
sound discretion, to remit the tax. 

It has been frequently said, ihat in remitting taxes the 
Common Council were in fact giving so much money out of 
the city treasury ; and this may be true, except in cases 
where the tax is clearly illegal, and the party has not by 
neglect debarred himself of the right of contesting it. But 
in the exercise of this power the Common Council have 
hitherto kept within certain bounds, beyond which it would 
be dangerous to pass ; they have never as yet, to the know- 
ledge orbelief of your Committee, gone to the extent which 
the granting of the present application would lead to, and 
much as they are impressed with the truth of many of the 
arguments urged by the petitioners, your Committee are 
constrained to recommend that die prayer of their peti* 
tion should not be granted. 

In arriving at this conclusion, your Committee would re- 
spectfully suggest, that the operation and efiects of the act 

277 [Doc. No. 35. 

of tbe Legislofure hereinbefore mentioned upon the inter- 
wti of this ciiy. prcisent a suLijcnt worlhy of investigation to 
IJk Common Council. It has been supposed that the spCRJRl 
olijcct of those who procured the passage of that act, wai 
le reach the debts due to the Hollond Land Company in 
tbe western part of Ihi.s state — but the law is general in iti 
application; and if ihc experience already had of ittOra 
dear perception of its necessary eHecls, should point out 
injurious results must fli>w from its operation in tliia 
ffity, it Would be the duly of the Common Council lo take 
ueasurcs to obtain its repeat or modification from the Le- 

in respect tn the present application, the following reso- 
lution is respectfully submitted. 

Jif solved. That it is inexpedient to grant the prayer of the 
«id petition. EUWAUD TAYLOR, > Committee 

GiUEUN OS'I'KANUER, )Atuiimen(i. 


► After a careful consideration of the case submitted to me 

4y the Board of Assessors, respecting the liability of part 

af the personal estate of the lale honorable James Lloyd, 

•f Boston, to be taxed in this city, and of the reasons of- 

fenid against such taxation by the executors and trustees of 

It r. Lloyd's est ale, 1 have arrived at the conclusion, that by 

ibe laws of this slate the property in question, and all other 

'nperty similarly situated, is subject to taxation, and that it 

therefore the duty of the assessors to state and designate 

ich property in their assessment rolls for that purpose. 

It ia admitted thiit this property, consisting of large sums 

of money loaned by the estate of Mr. Lloyd, to inhabitants 

of this city, and secured by mortg.ige on real estate here, ii 

aubject to taxation, and is actually taxed in Massachuselia, 

fbera ifaa executors reside ; and the arguments urged on 

Doc. No. 35 ] 278 

behalf of Mr. Lloyd's estate are based upon the assumed 
injustice of taxing the same property twice at the same lime. 
The high respectability of the gentlemen who represent the 
estate of Mr. Lloyd, and the ability with which they have 
urged their views of the law on this subject, would seem to 
require that the positions which they assume should be exa- 

The Legislature of this state, on the 27th April, 1933, 
passed ** an act to subject certain debts owing to non-resi* 
dents to taxation,** bv the first section of which it is enacted, 
that " all debts owing by inhabitants of this state to persons 
not residing therein, for the purchase of any real estate, or 
secured by a moiigage or real estate^ shall be deemed perso- 
nal properly within the town and county where the debtor 
resides, and as such shall be liable to taxation in Uie same 
manner, and to the same extent as the personal estate of citi- 
zens of this state.'* 

If the question turned upon the construction of the sec- 
tion alone, tlierc would be little or no ground for pretending 
that Mr. Lloyd's property could escape from its operation, 
the language of the section being literally applicable to the 
case ; but doubt is inferred as to the intention of the legis- 
lature to apply this law to the property of non-residents 
taxable and taxed elsewhere, from the 27ih section of the 
act, which provides that " whenever it shall satisfactorily 
appear to the assessors of any town or ward, by the oath 
of any inhabitant of this state, or hy other pi oofs, that any 
debts due to such inhabitant hij residents in any other state, 
or by the laws of such state subject to taxation, and have 
been actually taxed in such state within twelve months pre- 
ceding, it shall be the duty of such assessors to deduct the 
amount of such debts from the personal estate of such inha- 
bitani. It is contended that this provision exempting the 
property of citizens of this state from being taxed here and 
elsewhere at the same time, indicates the spirit of the act to be 


[Doc. No- 35. 

I^iiist double taxation, even as respects the property of nOn- 
tnidnnla. To shape the argument as logically as it is sus' 
Mptrblc of il, is Uiia — a debt due to a non-re si dent, and se- 
mred by mortgage in this state, sliall be taxed in Ihe same 
\anner and to the game extent as if it were the properly of 
II inhabitant of this slate ; but a debt due to an inhabitant 
f this stale by a non-reaident tliereof, which is taxable and 
tzcd elsewhere, shall not be subject to double taxation by 
^ng also taxed here : therefore, where it appears that the 
Itbt due to the non-resident is taxable and taxed elsewhere, 
either shall it be subject to double taxation by being also 
txed here. To sticnglhen this conclusion, it is said that 
there is nothing in the act showing an intention to place resi- 
Mtits and non-residents on a ditferent footing, or to apply a 
liflerenl rule to them. Now I humbly conceive that no such 
fault as to the spirit of the law or the iolcnlion of the 1^- 
pslature can be fairly obtained from any attempt lo qualify 
E plain and explicit terms of the 1st section by the special 
bemption provided for in the 27lh ; and 1 am clearly of 
gpinion that il was expressly intended to make n distioctton 
bctweeD the properly of residents and non residents, so far 
IS confining the exemption from double taxation to the fur- 
ler and not extending it to tJic latter could do so. As a 
leoenl proposition, it may be true that personal property 
ss no locality except that of its owner, but the Legislature 
i this state have manifestly rejected that rule in reference 
l> the liability of suchpioperty to be taxed, and have adopt- 
ithe principle Ihat all such property, when secured to ita 
r by the pledge of real estate, subject to and protected 
|r the gnvcrninent of this stale, should contribute ita pro- 
lortion towards the expenses of such government. This ia 
apparent from the languajje of the Ist section of the act, 
fthich proposes to tax such debts only as may be due for 
be purchase of real estate, or secured by mortgage or real 


Doc. No. 35.] 


Nor does ihe construction which I givo to thii act re««p> 
nise the i>n>priety of double laxsiion ; on the contrary, iho 
37(h asction espreMly provide! KgninsI mch injustice, so 
far as the inhabitants of ihis state are concerned ; and itcao 
hardly be said thtit the Lcpislnture nf this state were bound 
to go farther, if residents of other states having money 
loaned out and well secured here are subjected by the opc- 
raliOD of our laws to double taxation, Ihe remedy lies with 
themselves. Let the [.egisluture of other stales pass enact- 
ments similar to the 37th section of nur act of 1833, aod 
there can be no such double taxation. 

It Is suggested that our act was possibly intended to meet 
the ease of foreign owners of morlgnges only, and that «• 
tizeoaof other states should be considered within its pur- 
view as cilieens of New York. The language of the act 
however forbids any such interpretation ; neither iJk word 
" citiaen" i»or " foreigner" ia used throughout the act ex- 
eeptin the first section, where the expression " in the same 
manner and to the same extent as the personal property of 
cilizena of this slate," is adopted to characterize the tiahility 
of such property to taxation, but the terms ** inbabitanU of 
this slate, pel sons not residing therein, nojt-residojUi and 
residents tn uni/ other slate," are used throughout to mark 
Ihe distinction between persons residing within and without 
thegeographieal limits of this stale. 

As to the policy of the act of 18.33, under the conslruc- 
tioQ which I give to it, it would not become me to express 
any opinion; neither can the assessors be influenced in Ihe 
performance of their ditties under it, by any impression 
of their own in this respect. They m*ist take the law, a 
act upon it according to its plain import, and leave the qM 
lion of its expediency to be settled by a higher power, 
Augusl26tJi, 1834. 

DOOirraBlVT NO. 36. 


FEBRUARY 2, 1835. 

Cofiimittce on Police, ^c. to whom wom referred the r 
'rvtn the Board of AssistaiU:i, and the additional sections of 
Hk taw to regulate the sale of anthracite or Jiard coal, pre~_ 
lenUd the following report, with further amendmenU to the, 
law, ujticli was approved, tfte amendments passed, and di- 
rected to be Knt to the Board of Assistants. 


The Committee on Police, Watch, ikc. to whom was re. 

the annexed petition of certain dealem in anthracite 

praying for the repeal of the Ordinance, regulating the 

ling of such coal ; also, the report of the Committee on 

iws, &c; of the Board of Assistants thereon ; also, the peti- 

a or remonstrance of certain coal dealers against the adojv 

of certain amendments to the law. recommended by the said 



That they have had an interview with a number of the 

lers in anthracite coal in this City, and have heard fully 

viewt in relation to the aubject of weighing that axtifiVft. 

Doc. No. 36.] 282 

It is iihjectcd by those gcnllemeu, thai any law makiiig it com- 
pulBory upon them to have all coal sold by them weighed by > 
poblic Coal Weigher, and imposing a peualtji'or an omission w 
to do, will bear with pecuhar hardship upon them, as a cUm 
of persona engaged in trade, and that they ought, in this re- 
spect, to be left upon the same foolhig witii dealers in other 
articles of commerce, that is to say, that if the purchaser ii 
satisfied with the weight, as ascertained by the seller, it ahaS 
not be necessiiry to incur the charge of weighing, by a public 
Weigher. It is alio urged by them, that the eSecI of nich a 
l«w, is to force upon them the presence of the Weigher in their 
own premises against their wishes,' giving him an opportunity 
of overlooking their private afiairs, and interfering with their 

"Hie Committee have attentively heard these and other ob- 
jecdoos made by the coal dealers, and they have given to 
tbem all the consideration which they merit; but they are free 
to confess, that the inconveniences which those gentlemen re- 
present as likely to result to them from the proposed law, do 
Dot, LQ their view, preponderate against the advantage which 
the public are to derive from it. 

It is not, in the opinion of the Committee, correct to consider 
coal, or any kind of fuel, as a mere article of ordinary mer- 
chandise, in deciding upon the propriety of the proposed law. 
Fuel is a necessary of life, an article of general consumption 
l^ every class of the community, indispensable to persons of 
almost every grade of intelligence or information, and the deal- 
ii^ in it, therefore, is not conhned, like ordinary arlioles of 
merchandise, to a limited class of persons engaged iu a parti' 
oular branch of business, and having skill and knowledge suf- 
ficient to protect themselves from imposition in such dealing. 

It is the duly of the public authority to provide *uch ragu- 
latioos as may ensure fair dealing towards those who mi^I 
otherwise be defrauded ; and as it is admitted that aothradle 
coal cannot be fairly retailed except by weight, the Commit- 
tae know of no article to which the power thus vested in the 
public authority could with more propriety be appiiedi (IwV^ 
OD9 of such general require men I. 


183 [Doc No. 3^ 

The Committee do uot ia the slightest degree, mean to im- 
pute any thing against the fair dealing of the present venden 
of coal in this City ; on the contrary, they view them as a 
U^ily respectable body of citizens : but il is not alone ftw 
tbOw who may be now engaged in that business, that a regti- 
'luion of this characier would bo expedient ; dishonest men 
tiiAy embark in this traf^c, and many unsuspecting individuals 
Bi^t eaSer from their unfair practices, and it is to guard against 
•uch possible cases, tliat the provisions of the proposed amend- 
nents to the existing Ordinance* en this subject, would, in the 
Ophion of the Committee, be sulutnry. 

It may undoubtedly be some inconvenience to a dealer in 
coal, where a good understanding does not exist between him 
■nd the Weigher, to have the Weigher in his yard or office st 
■U times when coal is sold ; but tliis the Committee apprehend 
Would be greater in imagination and feeling than in fact, nor 
•booU soch a consideration, in their opinio, weigh against the 
BobBc good, aimed at by the proposed regulation, which, it may 
ibo be observed, contemplates tlie placing of scales by the 

'eighers themselves, at such places as may be specified by the 
CoRRBittee on Streets, 

The Committee have carefully considered the new sectioni 1 
ncommeaded to be passed, as the same have been amended ] 
by the Board of Assistants, and are contained in the annexed I 
ttport. They arc satisfied that most of the provisions con- j 
tsinod in those sections, are calculated to benefit the great ' 
masi of consumers of anthracite coal, and that the public wit! ap. 
prove of them. But in consequence of objections raised by 
the dealers in coal, that under the amendments proposed by 
(be Board of Assistants, the dealers would be compelled to J 
weigh all the coal ihey might choose to purchase, your Coa^ I 
mitlee have, on consideration, and with a view to obviate thi 
principal objection urged by the coal dealers, deemed it expe- 
dient and proper, to add an amendment to the last section, which 
provides that the cartmau shall produce a certificate from the 
purchaser, that he does not desire the con! purchased lo be 
weighed by the Weighers appointed by ihe Common Council, 
and sworn ttttthfutly to discharge the duties of the office, but 





Doc. No. 36.] 284 

is willing that the duty should be performed by any irretpon- 
sible person. 

This amendment, it is fully believed by your Committee, 
will remove all tlie objections which the dealers now make to 
the amendments ; inasmuch, as all persons who chooee, cen 
under this law, leave the whole question of weighing to be 
settled by agreement between the seller and purchaser, and it 
will also reniove the question relative to the necessity of having 
tlie Weighers always present for the accommodation of the 
public ; the Committee are of opinion that the amendmenti 
proposed by them, to the law on the subject of weighing an- 
thracite coal, will remove all objections to the present law, on 
the part of tlie dealers of coal and the public. 

They therefore propose that the 15th section be amended to 
read as follows : 

'' No cartman shall cart or deliver any load of coal, without 
such certificate, as mentioned in the last section, or memoraor 
dum, in writing, signed by the purchaser, and stating that he 
did not wish it weighed by a coal weigher, under the penalty 
of ten dollars for each and everv oflbnce." 

Your Committee believe that to insure a strict performance 
of the law thus amended, that eight additional Weigh Masters 
will be sufficient, making in all twenty. They therefore pro- 
pose to amend the 12th section, to read as follows : 

" That the Common Council shall have power to appcnnt 
eight additional Weighers of anthracite or hard coal, making 
in all twenty, who shall be subject to all the regulations herein 

They therefore recommend a concurrence in the resolution, 
proposed by the annexed report, respecting the petition of 
Walter M. Franklin and others, and that the additional sec- 
tions to the law, entitled *' a law to regulate the sale of anthra- 
cite or hard coal in the City of New- York," contained in the 
said report, and adopted by the Board of Assistants, should be 
passed by the Board of Aldermen, with the above amend- 


JAMES Fvi>"ys. 

885 [Doc. No. 36. 

Tba amendments passed by the Board of Assistants were ai 
follows : 

5 IS- The Common Council shall have power, from lime lo 
time, to appoint an additional number of Weigh Masters of 
anthracite or hard coal, as olten as circumstances may require, 
who shall be subject to all the regulations herein contained. 

^13. The Weighers shall place scales at such locations as 
die Committee on Streets may specify, at which scales, or at 
icaJea provided by the venders of coal at their yards, all coal J 
ihall be weighed. | 

5 14. It shall be the duty of each Weigher lo give a certifi- 
cate to accompany each and every load of coal, to contain the 
name of the cartman, the number of the cart, if a licensed 
cartman ; if not, the name of tlie owner of the cart, the amount 
of coal, and number of the certificate, all to be filled up in tba 1 
band writing of. and subscribed by the Weigher. 

§ 15. No cartman shall cart, or deliver, or vend, -or sell any 1 
load of coal, without such certiticate, as mentioned in the last* I 
KcUoD, under a penalty of ten dollars, for each and every I 
oflence, to be recovered of the cartman or driver of such caitt 1 
M the owner thereof respectively, or the vender of the coal. 


\ • 

f.TK mY, .X 

aocmnEtn no. 37. 



FEBRUARY 2, 1835. 

Tke Committer, on Laws, to ichom was re/erred a communica- 
tion from his Honor the Mayor, in relation to Ute law regttr 
lating hackney coaches and accommodation stages ; 0^1 

' teva^al petitions from otaners and driven of stages ; aUo, 

' amendments from the Board of Assistants to said law, pm- 
lented tfie fbUowing report and law, which was appromd, 

'• -Ae law passed, and directed to be sent to the Board o^ 

J. MORTON. Clerk. 

The Committee on Laws, lo whom waa referred the com- 
'municatioD of iiis Honor the Mayor, on the subject of ihe 
Ordinance regulating hackney coaches, accommodation coaches 
4c. Also, several petitions from the owners and drivers of 
stages, together with some amendments proposed in tlie Board 
of Assistant Aldermen, 


That the question proposed for the (examination of the Com- 
mittee, in the communication from the Mayor, relates to the 
powers possessed by him under the general law regulating 
-hackney coiiches, VVilhoiit entering at length into the argu 
lent which has produced conviction on t,hen m\»,4i, "&«?} 


Doc. No. an.] 288 

ezpretB the opinion* that the 7lh lection cf the title and chaplei 

referred to, does authorise and require each and every dmm 

of an accommodation coach or stage within this city, to ctAma 

a license in the manner pointed out by law in cases of dimn 

of hackney coaches. The Committee, however, are detiioas d 

placing this question beyond all doubt ; and after an examinap 

lion into the propriety or expediency of the law referred to^ 

have concluded, to report a section expressly requiring dMt 

every driver of an accommodation coach or stage, shall be 

Ucemad . BefiHPe determining on this course, the Coaunittoe 

wefe giMified in having the approbation of many ^ the 

owners and drivers of these coaches, some of whom had 

before remonstrated against the passage of any law, which 

should subject the drivers to the necessity of obtainii^ the 

same ^^vid^moes of the good opimoo of the public aitthorithj, 

tm k required from the drivers of hackney coaches. 

■'■' The dmft of a law herewith presented for the qppixiival of 

die C!Mmion Council, contains such provisioQi as tho pswenl 

state of things seem to require, and it is believ^i wiD, if 

en fo rctd, give to our citizens generally, as much secuiily as 

'6an be obtained by any regulation of their vehicles. Reapect- 

fully submitted. 




n amend the law to regulate hacJcrtey coaches, and c 
and stage coaches. 

The Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of-the City i 
New- York, in Common Council convened, do ordain t 

Section 1. The Mayor of the City of New-York for tk 
tine being, is hereby authorized and required from time I 
time to issue licenses under his hand and seal, and revoke tfaft | 
same at his pleasure, to so many persons as he shall I 
proper, to keep and use accommodation coaches or siagW I 

Sur.h licenses shall specify in each case, and for each coac|^ J 
or ftage : 

The name of the owner ; *rt| 

The number of the coach or stage ; 

The route to be taken in ^oing to and returning from Budh 1 
parti of the city for which it shall be licensed. 

Section 2. It shall be the duty of the Alderman i 
Awiataiit Aldemian of each ward, where it may be neo 
to fix a stand for the coaches, mentioned in ,thc last a 
together with the Mayor, to designate a place for the acco« 
modation of said coaches; and the place so fixed upon byrl 
majority of them, shall be the stand or place until a 
shall be made by the same authority. 

Section 3. No accommodation coacb or stage, drawn by 
more than two horses, except such as may obtain licenM 
within two months from ihe date ot this law, shall be licensed 
or permitted to run in the streets of this city. 

Section 4. ^The Alderman and Assistant Alderman within 
their respective wards, shall possess all the powers now i 
hereafter conferred on the Superintendent of Stages. 

290 [Doc. No. 3T. 

Section 5. No person shftU drive atiy such coach or stage 
unless he be twenty-one years of age, and have obtained 
liMDie fttun the Mayor for such purpose, under the penalty dT 
ten dollars for every such oflenoe, to be recovered from the 
owners of such coach or stage, and from such driver, both or 

Section 6. The Mayor is hereby authorized to gnat 
licenses from time to time, to drivers of such coaches ag are 
herein mentioned, as often as may be necessary, and to suspend 
attd revoke the same whenever he may deem it expedient* 

Section 6. The owiM}r of any coach or stage driving witb^ 
MC license, or taking any other route than that designated fay 
lioense, or using any other stand or place than that assigned by 
license to it, shall in each, or any or every case of such viohh 
tion of this Ordinance, be subject and held to pay tlie peoai^ 
of twenty »five dollars. 

Section 8. No coach or stage, after the commencenieiit of 
its route in going or returning, shall atop until its arrival at the 
tennination of such route, unless an actual necessity shall exist 
therefor, or to set down a passenger or passengers, or to take 
up and into such stage a passenger or passengers claiming to 
be admitted ; no coach shall in going or returning stop, unless* 
by necessity, and no such coach shall be permitted to stop npoii. 
the crosswalk, or take up any passenger or passengers, except 
upon the right hand side of the way in going and retumiog 
under the penalty of ten dollars for each offence. 

Section 9. Any driver of any hack, stage coach or car*- 
riage, who shall be thrice convicted of a breach of any of 
the sections of this Ordinance shall be deprived of his lioense, 
and forever debarred of a license under this law. 

^jOVn^lfT NO. 38. 

■'I ■ ;' 


FEBRUARY 2, 1835. 

MtUrman Variaii presented the follotcing reaoluliou, u;/tiq| 

-. teat read, referred to the Ferry Committee, and directed A 


J. MORTON. ClerL ,. 

Whereas, there art several outstanding leases from the 
p0ra6on, to companies and individuals, for Ferries, bet' 
fte C3ty of New-York and Long Island, which leases wiii ^i 
^ire at' different periods. And whereas, some of the said leastffcj 
^titain clauses or covenants, which are itud to impose restrW- 
tions upon the establishment of additional Ferries between the 
raid places. And whereas, the rates of ferriage charged at 
some of the said ferries, are alleged to be unreasonably high. 
And whereas, applications have lately been made to the Com- 
mon Council, requiting that additional facilities for crossing 
should be afforded at some of the said Ferries already estab- 
lished; and two petitions have been presented, one signed 
two persons, and the other by about twelve hundred, prayi 
lor the establishment of a new South Ferry. And whei 
the franchise of Ferries between this City and Long Island, 

isiao- ^H 


Doc. No. 88] 292 

granted to the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the CStf 
of New York by their charter, to be exerciied for the benefit 
and accommodation of the public at large, and opnioni have 
been entertained, that the present mode of granting leases of 
such Ferries, is not the best that might be adopted to attain 
that end. And it has been considered by many judicious 
citizens, that all Ferries, necessary for public convenieiioa^ 
firom this City, should be established and conducted by» or 
under, the immedtata direction of the Corporation, whereby Urn 
rates of ferriage might be considerably reduced, and greater 
facilities for crossing afforded to the community. Therefore^ 

ReMjived^ That it be referred to the Ferry Committee to 
inquire into, and report upon the condition and sufficiency of the 
several Ferries, now established from this City; and whether 
any and what additional Ferries are required for public accom- 
modation; and whether it would be expedient to grant leases 
for any Ferries hereafter to be established, or to renew leasee 
of Ferries already granted, or to treat with the owners of such 
leases for the surrender thereof. And whether the public in- 
terest would be promoted, if the Corporation should assume the 
direct control and management of the said Ferries, or by any 
other, and what change, from the present system, or by any 
and what action of the Common Council, in respect to the Fer« 
ries now in operation, or the establishment of any and what 




FEBRUARY 2, 1835. 

*«« Joint Committee on Wharves and Public Lands and 
Places, presented the following report for building a Bulk- 
head, arul filling up between Pike dip and Rutger's slip, 
and building two piers in front thereof, which was adopted 

' and directed to be sent to the Board of AssistaiUs for con- 


tbe Joint Committee on Wharves and Public Lands and 
Places, to wbom was referred the memorial of Sonauel Ackerly, 
Esq. asking the Common Council to re-enact an Ordinance 
passed in the year 1S33, in relation to building a Bulkhead, 
ud making South street, from Pike slip to Rutger's slip. 
L napectfbliy report : 

■ Thai 

That on the lOlh day of December, 1833. an Ordinance 
ied the Common Council, tlirecting the owners of the 
»ter grants, lying between Pike slip and Rutger's slip, to 
'hoSd a Bulkhead on the line of South street, in tront of their, 
poperty, respectively, and to iill up the intermediate apMOi 

Doc. No. 99] 


with good and wholesome earth, in conformity with the terms 
of the grants held by thent, and under the authority of various 
acts of the State Lejiislature. 

By the lemis of this Ordiosncc it was declared thai the 
Bulkhead should be built and erected hy the first day of June. 
1884, and the filling up of the water lots, by tlie Urst day of 
November, 1S34, and duly certified copies thereof were senred 
upon all the parties concerned, calling upon them to fulfil its 
requisitions. These parties were the heirs and devisees to the 
estate of Thomas Buchanan,' deceased ; Samuel Ackeriy : 
Ji^iQ F; Dfllaplaine, and Elijah P. Delaplaine, and ihe proper 
evidences of the service of Iliii Ordinance are on file in the 
Street Commissioner's oftice. 

At the time the above Ordinance was passed by the Com- 
mon Council, a resolution was by them also adopted, declaring 
that so 80on as the owners of the water grants had complied 
therewith by building the Bulkhead and liliiug up tlie lots, then 
and in that case, the Corporation would, at the public cost, 
construct two piers, each two hundred feet in length, one from 
the westerly side of Rutger's slip, and one Irom the easterly 
side of Pike slip, with the intention ol lurming a public boan, 
for the coDvenience and accommodation of persons domg busi- 
ness in that section of the City. 

Shortly after these measures were adopted by the Common 
Council, the petitioner, Samuel Ackerly,[and the other owners, 
next to Rutger's slip, commenced the proceedings requisite to 
cany into effect the directions of the Corporation, but circum- 
stances over which they had no cotitrol, and which were con- 
nected with the ownership of the water grants, near to and 
adjoining Pike slip, unfortunately intervened, and produced such 
embarrassments as efiectually to prevent the practicability of 
fulliUing the requirements of the Ordinance of the Common 
Council, within the times therein specilied. 

Still, however, by reason of changes which have recently 
taken place in the ownership of this property, these difficul- 
jies have at length been wholly obviated, and there is now no 
obstacle to carrying into effect the original intentions of the 

397 [Doc. If o. 39 

Council in this matter, and with that view, the peti* ' 
tionfir asks for the re-eDactment of the Ordinance. I 

When it is considered that there arc now new parties in | 
interest in this matter, who were not owners at the time of 
the passage of the former Ordinance ; and on whom, for that 
reason it was impossible to serve it, and also, that its limitation 
has expired, the expediency and even necessity of this course 
is apparent. 

The present owners of the property are, the heirs and devi- 
sees of the estate of Thomas Buchanan, deceased, for sixty 
feet and 11 inches ; Samuel Ackerly, for 217 feel; and Zebe- 
dee Ring ; the Mayor, &c. of the City of New-York, and 
Perez Jones ; each an undivided third part of 218 feet and 11 

From a lull consideration of all the facts connected with 
llus transaction, your Committee are quite convinced it is 
expedient to pass an additional Ordinance and resolution to 
perfect this work, and present for the consideration of the 
Board the foUowmg : 1 

Rewtoed, That the public convenience requires the con- 
struction of a Bulkhead on the southerly side of South street, 
to extend from Pike street slip to Rutger's slip ; and the 
Street Commissioner is hereby directed to prepare and present 
dx proper Ordinance for that purpose ; calling upon and requir- 
ing the owners of all the water grants comprised within the 
before mentioned hmits, to build the said Bulkhead, and to fill 
up all the intermediate space between Water street and South 
street, within such time or times as the Common Council by 
the >aid Ordinance shall direct 

Resolved, That when the said Bulkhead is sunk, the Com* 
roon Council do hereby direct the erection of two public pien 
in the East river, in front thereof, one from the easterly side 
of Pike slip, and one from the westerly side of Rutger's slip, 
each to be 800 feet in length, according to the terms and con- 


Ooc No. M.] 308 

djtkm of the origiiMd molutuxi, pamd by the CSimmbi 
Council OD the lOtb December, 188S, which is hereby intaodi 
to be rei«nected. All which is submitted by 


Joint Committee on Wharves and Public Lands and FUwa 



FEBRUARY 2, 1835. 

ZlTte Street CammittcB presented ike following report on ^ 1 
petitioa of Garrit Storm arid others, to imden Chatham 1 
street, on the northerly side, which was adopted aud directed I 
to be tent to the Board nf Assistant AUiemtcn for concur 

J. MORTON, Clerk. 

The Street Connniltec, to whom was relen-ed the annexed I 
iKtition for widening and improving Chatham street, on the J 
aortherly side, between Molt and Peari streets, respectfully ' 


This application appears to be made at this time (o the I 
CnuiUOD Council, in consequence of the late fire, by which • 
Bumber of buildings have been destroyed, and this is urged by 
Ae applicants as a main reason for immediate action thereon. 

On a subject concerning which the Board are so very fWly 
inibnnedt arising out of the late proceedings for widening 
Chatham street on both aides, and Irom a fiiEl knowledge of the 

Doc. No. 40.] 300 

causes which prevented the completion of that plan of opem- 
tions, your Committo'j do not deem it nccrssan' to enter into 
any ficiail, ur to alien ^t finy cxj^I.-Tialiciis, believing them 
whollv uniKxcssrirv. 

The sul jcct jij I rjirs i:c w ;<» I f • I n r^'lit frrward in such a 
manner, airl under s.icli circu:.istnnrcs, as in the opinion of your 
Commiilce, will divest it ofall iii furmcr «ibjcclionable featureSf 
and render its accomplisiiment comparatively easy. 

The petitioners now ask ibr the widening of the street, on 
the northerly side only, taking for the line the same one, whidi 
was adopted in the former attempt to widen the street on 
botli sides ; this line commences at the southwesterly side of 
the house and lot of Baltus Moore, between Pearl and Orange 
streets, and ends on the northeasterly side of the house and lot, 
the property of the estate of John Pell, between Mulberry and 
Mott streets, which will leave the street of the width of about 
85 feet, at the narrowest part, and is delineated on the nmp 
herewith presented. 

This last application has been advertised in the customary 
manner, giving notice through the public papers, to all persons 
concerned, and the only objection received, is from one gentle- 
man, the owner of a leasehold j)ropcrty in the neighborhood. 

When it is considered that the object of widening this street, 
can now (by reason of the late fire, and the consequent de- 
struction of the buildings) be cfl'ecled, at much less cost than 
before, your Committee are salistied the present opportunity 
should not be lost. If it is suffered to pass by, new and expen- 
sive buildings will be shortly erected on the present line of the 
street, and any future attempt will be either rendered wholly 
impracticable, or attended with a vastly enhanced cost. 

Connected with the widening of the street, the memorialists 
also ask for the change of graduation, by raising the sur&ce at 
Roosevelt street, so as to avoid the very inconvenient and 
dangerous gutter, crossing Chatham street at this point ; this it 
will be recollected, was also part of the alteration proposed in 
the former measures for improving this street, and was then 
considered as one of the most important. This water course 


[Doc. No. '4 


'"hts long, very loDg, been considered one of llie most disagree- 
able in the City, and during the winter season, sometimes be- 
coaes absolutely dangerous, and any measures having for their 
object) the correction of an evil of such magnitude, ought, if 
possible, to be carried into execution. 

Under all the circumstances of the present application for 
widening Chatham street, according to the proposed line, and 
file contemplated alterations of the surface, your Committee 
■re fully of opinion, ihey are deserving the favorable con- 
■deration of the Common Council, and offer the following re- 
polutiona : 

Retolved, That Chatham street be widened on the northerly 
thereof, between Pearl street and Mott street, according 
|o a red line drawn on the map herewith presented, and the 
Counsel to the Board is directed to make the proper applica- 
to the Supreme Court, for the appointment of Commia- 
•gooers of Estimates and Assessments, to carry this resolution 
ito effect : 

BeMtved, That the gnidtialton of Chatham street, when the 
uoe is widened as above mentioned, be made in conformity 
with the profiles heretofore made for that purpose, which have 
been approved by the Common Council, and are now deposited 
Bt the Street Commissioner's office, including such parts of 
.Boosevelt, Orange and Pearl streets, as are necessary to con- 
fann thereto. 


GIDKON OSTRANDER. \ Street Committee. 





FEBRUARY 7, 1835. ^M 

13^ Committee to wliom was referred tlie communication from 
the Board of Assessors, in relation to certain alterations in 
the law for the assessment and collection of taj-es, presented 
the following report and law, which was read, laid on the 
lablcj and directed to be printed for the use of the Members. 
I J. MORTON. Clerk. 

The Committee of tho Board of Supervisors, to whom was 
Rferred the proposed alteratloDs, prepared by the Board of 
Asseasors, respecting " the scveraj laws relating to the assesi- 
meut and collcclion of taxes in the City and County of New* 
York," respectfully 


[That they have been attended by several Members of tha 
Board of Assessors, and heard their explanations on the amend' 
nents as proposed by them. 
Your Committee, after full and mature dsliberation, have 
adopted several of the alterations, as proposed by the Board 

Doc No. 41.} 104 

df AMenon, and have rejected other alterationa, propoeed by 
tfw Board of Anessors, and herewith present the (ana of a 
law, fuch as your Committee deem proper and ezpedieiit to 
aak from the Honorable the Legislature. 

RespeetfiiUT submitted. 






tida^ to Ataeimtnt for Taxes m the City of Nem-Tork.' 

The People of the State of New-York, represented in Se- 
and Assembly, do enact as follows : 

Section 1. If any part of any building used for public wor- 
ship in the City of New-York, shall lie let out for any other 
purpose, such part of the said building shall not he exempted 
from taxation. 

§ 2. No buildings used for schools, in the said City, shall be 
exempted from taxation, other than those of the Public Schpol 

% 3. The terms " personal estate," and " persona! property," 

wherever they occur in the 13th chapter of part Isl of the 

ivised Statutes, shall be construed, in respect to the assess- 

it for taxes in tlie said City, to include vessels and their 

[oes, whether in port or not, and debts due from insolvent 

debtors, wheresoever due. 

§ 4. Every person keeping a store, factory or office in the 
ttid City, and doing business therein, shall be liable to tBxati<»i 
in the said City, and not elsewhere, for the amount of capital 
employed by him in such business, and for all debts due to him 
trising from such business, over and above all debts due by 
hini, on account of the same, and every such person shall be 
wessed in the Ward in which such store, factory or office 
may be situated. 

§ 5. Every person shall be assessed in the Ward of the «aid 
City where he resides when the assessment is entered on the 



Doc. No. 41.] 

hock of the Assessors of such Ward, for all personal estatu 
owned by him or under his control, which may be liable U 

$ 6. Such parts of the 4th and 8th sections of the act en- 
titled an act to amend the act passed April 6th» 1825^ entl* 
tied an act respecting the collection of taxes in the City oi 
New- York, passed April 20th, 1830, as prohibited the general 
Board of Assessors or the Supervisors of the said City from 
reducing tlie aggregate valuation of all the Wards below the 
aggregate valuation thereof, as made by the Assessors, are 
hereby repealed. 

§ 7. All property in the charge of the Assistant Register, of 
the Court of Chancer}^ of the respective Clerks of the Supreme 
Court, the Superior Court and the Court of Common Pleas, and 
of the Surrogate of the said City, shall be deemed and co^ 
sidered as personal property, under their control, as trustees; 
and liable to taxation. And it shall be the duty of the said 
Assistant Register, Clerks, and Surrogate, respectively, to fii^ 
nish the Assessors of the Ward in which they may reside, 
respectively, with a schedule or statement, under oath, of tbft 
amounts so held by them, respectively, on or before the first 
day of August, in each and every year. 

§ 8. The 8th and 9th sections of tlic 4th title of the 13tb 
chapter of the 1st part of the Revised Statutes, and the act 
entitled, '- an act to subject certain debts owing to non-residents, 
to taxation," passed April 27, 1833, are hereby repealed. 









BOARD OF ALDERMEN, February 2, 1835. 
Adopted and directed to be filed. 

1. MORTON, Clerk. 






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309 [Doe. No. 42. 





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Doc. No. 42 ] 

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FEBRUARY 16, 1835. 

%€ Comptroller preietUed Hie folhvsing report, with a state- 
menl of estimated nett receipts and payments for tlw year 
1835, was read, laid on the table, and directed to be printed 
fo^ the use of the Members. 

1. MORTON. Clerk. 

The ComptroUor respectfuily presents herewith to the Conv 

on Oouacil, a statement of tlic estimated nctt'receipts and 
payments for the year 1835, by which it appears that llie 
amount that will be required to be raised hy tax for the current 
year, will very much exceed the Bum of eight hundred thou- 
sand dollars. ^H 

With the very rapid growth and extension of our City, rf ^^M 
corresponding iocrcase of expenditure must ncceesarily be ex^ ^^M 
peeted ; but as the amount required for the current year, eidii- ^H 
bits an unusual increase, it may perhaps be proper ihnt somd ^H 
of the prominent causes be noticed. ^| 

The opening of streets is estimated at 940,000 — and althouglj 
tUs seems a very large estimate, yet if the projected FuUou 
street improvement is carried into cllect, tlie aasessmcni in ^^ 
K that case alone will absorb about $25,000 of ilie amount. *^H 

Doe. No. 43.] 316 

The compietioD of the BulUiead, and fining, at 

Bellevue, MS^OW 

The same, near Fort Ganaevoort, . 6gOM 

The purchase of water loti, and buildiog Bulk- 
head between Pike and Rutgers dips, . S;M 

Making 100,101 

' may be regarded rather as an increase of flie real estate cftta 
Corporation, th^n as an actual expenditure, inasmuch, as bkmI 
of the ground created thereby, can be made availaUe to dia 
City Treasury, whenever the Common Councfl may so detap- 

The provision for Tompkins square, #16y4SB 

The provision for Union place, IfigOOO 

The provision for Duane Park, l^BM 

Makipg tn^MS 

beyond the general estimate for lands and places, and form a 
considerable portion of the increase ; but they are subjects 
which have received the deliberate action of the Common Coun- 
cil, and decided upon as necessary for the comfort, ccnvenimoe^ 
or ornament of the City. 

In the estimate for Markets is included the cost of the ground 
and probable cost of the Market House, proposed to be built 
at the junction of Houston and 2d streets, in the 11th Ward, 

together about •IMOO 

For the Lunatic Asylum on Blackwell's Island, 

there is estimated . . . . , $1(M>00 

And for additional buildings and fences on Long 

Island Farms, 10,750 

AD these together form a very large aggregate, and yet as 
they- are all of admitted necessity, tliere seems to be an evident 
propriety in making provision for the disbursements. 


[Doc. No. 43. 

The Comptroller therefore respectfully recommends that the 
Counael of the Corporation be directed to prepare a bin, and 
cause the same to be presented to the Legislature, at their 
present session, authorizing the Corporation to raise, by tax on 
the real and personal estates liable to taxation in this City, the 
turn of eight hundred and fifly thousand dollars, and such fur- 
ther sum as may be necessary to cover the errors and delin- 
quencies in the tax for the year 1834, and also the expenses 
oootiiigent on levying the said taxes. 

Respectfully submitted by 

T. J. WATERS, Comptroller. 

New-Tork^ February 16, 1835. 

Doc. No. 43.] 318 


Commutatioii alien pasaengersi 932^000 

Intestate Estates, 2M) 

Ifayoralty jfees, 8»400 

Tavern and excise licenses, .... 28,000 

Rents, 10S,000 

Auction duties, 10^000 

Arrears of taxes, 10,000 




bee. No. 43.] ; 


bis House, &c. ..... 8120,000 

Soard of Hedlb, ...... 14,000 

S*wties, 7,000 

Pteaning streets, fiO^OO 

Eloroper's fees and expenses 3,500 

County contiDgeDcies, 25,000 

Coartp, 27,000 

l)ocks and slips, 93,000 

SkptioiW. ....... 6,000 

Fire Department, . . . .utfjawi Ot,,. . 20,000 

Hwse of Bafuge, 6,000 

.fetoMt account, ..nn»ut-^iu\-itanm»vkb)A^^i99Jm 

Justices' Courts, 3,000 

Lamps and gas, 01,000 

IXiODds and Places, 9,000 

Markets, 88,000 

PenalUes, 1,000 

Police, 16,000 

Printing and stationary, .... 8,000 

Foblic reservoir, current expenses, . . . 4,000 
Public schools, account blind children at tlie Institution, 1,430 

Bepairs and supplies, 18,000 

Boads, 25,000 

.Salaries, 48,000 

Streets, opening, &c. . . : . . 40,000 

Street expenses, 40,000 

Water Commissioners, .... 5,000 

Water pipes and laying down, . ■ . 31,500 

Watch, 120,000 

Wells and pumps, 4,500 

7«Dpkiiis squai-e, filling and fencing, . 16,435 

Carried over. 

8840,255 H 

Doe. No. 48.] 920 | 

Brought over, #046,35H 

Unicm i)l8ce,feDciiig, 15,00a 

Duane park, fencing, I,ftMfl 

Well nt JeflbrsoQ Market and pipes, . . 8,OOB3 

AdditJODol buildings on Long Island Fanns, . 1(^000 

Long Istiuid Fanns, fencing, .... ^'V 

Lunatic Asylum, Blackwell's Island, . lOjOQjJ 

Completing property near Fort Gansevoort, . fi^Ottfl 

Completing property at Bellevue, . . 4^00^| 
Purchase of water lots and building Bulkhead be* 

twecn Pike and Rutgers slips,. , . . 8,3C0 


Deduct nelt receipts. 

• 1,045,135 

Lfiavcs the probable amount to be raised by tax, •S6^47ft- 




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-kr iV 



BoomamrT if o. ««. 



FEBRUARY 16, 1835. 

The following report teas received from ike Commiirioners ap 
pointed, pursuant to a Law passed by the Legislature, on tht 
Sdof May, 1834, in relation to supplying the City of New i 
York with pure and wholesome water, which was referred W ' 
the Committee on Fire and Water, and 2500 copies directed J 
to be printed, together tcilJt llie Documents accompauying thm i 
tame, and the drawings lithographed. 

J. MORTON, Clerk. 

To the Honorable the Common Council of the City of 
New- York. 

The Water Commissioners appointed under the Act of ths | 
Le^slature of this State, entitled, " An Act for supplying th« I 
City of New-Yorli, with pure and wholesome water," passed 
^ 3d ef May, 1834, respectfully 


That the underBigncd were appointed Commissioners, under 1 
u Act of the Lqiislature, entitled, " an Act for the appoinfj 

I Tbati 

^L u Act* 

Doc. No. 44] 324 

ment of Commissioners, in relation to supplying the City of 
New- York with pure and wholsome water,** passed February 
26th 1833, and that on the 12th of November, of the lame 
year, they had the honor of submiting to the Common Council 
a report, in which they recommended the Croton River as the 
only sure source of supply ; both on account of its capacity and 
the purity of ita vaters. Two plans were proposed for con- 
ducting the water by aqueduct to the City, one through the in- 
terior of the County of Westchester, by the valley of the Saw- 
mill River, and the other, through the vallies of the Crotooand 
Hudson l^ur^ ui)|il tlje two lines meet a few tpi\^ ^gX of 
the nllage o? Tonkers. 

They avoided, for the reasons stated in the report alluded to^ 
making any selection of the route preferred between tlie inte- 
rior and Hudson River routes, presuming that tlie main object 
of their appointment was to ascertain, 

Ist Whether a sufficient quantity of good and whofeaope 
water could be obtained for present and all future purposes. 

2d. The practicability of its introduction into the City, at an 
elevation that would preclude the use of machiner}^ and . 

3d. The total cost of completing tlie projected work. 

It will be seen, as they think, by a reference to their report 
of November, 1833, that they have conclusively shown, that 
the supply from the Croton will be abundant, the quality of the 
water unquestionable, and the facility of introduction beyond 

The act under which they hold their present appointment 
requires of them, 

1st. To examine and consider all matters relative to supply- 
ing the City of New-York with a sufficient quantity of pure 
and wholesome water ; to adopt such plan, as in their opjnion 
will be most advantageous for securing such supply, qnd to. re- 
port a full statement and description of the plan adopted by 

2d. To ascertain, as near as may be, what amount of money 
may be necessary to carry the same into effect. 

ad. To report ao estimate of the probable amount of revenue 

325 [Doc. No. 44. 

at will accrue to ihc City, upon the compIetioD of the workt 

d the reasons and calculations upon wliich their opinion and 
Itimates may be founded ; such report to be mftde and pre- 
nted to the Common CouDcil of this City, on or before the 
tst day of January, 1836. 
^ The Commissioners have presumed, however, that o para- 

»unt object of their reappointment, was a close and thorough 
■exainiiialion, under such additional lights, as time and further. 
tfleCtion may have produced, of the plaus they have proposed, 

i of the estimates they have entered into, extending tlieir in* 
s to any new matter alluded to by the act of the Legiala' 

re, referred to them by the CommMi Council, or suggested lo 
ferD by others, for ellbcting the otgect in view, or, as improve- 
ienla upon the plans and estimates proposed by their former 

With tliese views of what would be required of ibem, gnd 
Torder to test the correctness of the plans proposed by their 
jeptat of November, 1833, the Commissioners engaged David 
"t Dotiglas, Esq, to re-examine his surveys, levels and calcula- 
MiB, and to ascertain whether lines for au aqueduct may not be 
fcsignated that will require less labor and expense, than those 
icommcnded by the report of 1633 ; whether a more econom- 
bbI method of constructing the aqueduct may not be adopted j 
ler the cost of building culverts, and bridges, making ex- - 
otions and embankments, erecting the reservoirs, estimating 
e damages to water rights, &a may not be reduced ; whether 
« expense of equalizing reservoirs may not be dispensed with, 
md finally, whether the waters of tlie Croton may not be intro- 
Inced from some different hend, or by some other method, and , 
t a much less cost, than that estimated in liie report of 1833. . 

On the 3l9t of December, 1833, something more than ^ 
nonih after we had presented our report to the Common Coon- 
;4tai, Mr. D. S. Rhodes addressed a communication lo the Board 
I of Aldermen, proposing for one million seven hundred thousand . 
r dollars, to introduce, through iron pipes, from the mouth of tbe.i d 
I Croton River, six million gallons of water every (wenly-four;}! 
•B ; and for two million seven hundred thousand dollars, to, j 

Doc No. 44.] 326 

jnroduce sixteen million of gallons into the City of New- York* 
at an elevation of 125 feet above low water, (see CorporatioD 
Document No. 54) ; he presented another communicatioa on the 
6th of January, 1834, objecting to the plan proposed by our 
Engineer in 1883, for conducting the ^waters of the Croton to 
the City, stating, ^ that the most serious objection he has to 
urge against the plan is, that the water, however pure it may 
be at the fountain head, must inevitably become contaminated 
with some deliterious substance, passing over sucli a variety of 
soils, and amalgamating so many mineral substances." He 
then proposes constructing a dam near the Quakerfs Bridge, 
on the Croton River, 45 feet high, which will give an elevation 
or head of 125 feet above tide of the Hudson ; '* from this dam 
the pipes will rise gradually until they pass Sing Sing," and 
from thence descend to the shores of the Hudson, which, (aa be 
states) " forms almost a straight line to the City, and very few 
obstacles to overcome ; the Harlacm River will be crossed at 
very little expense,** (see Document No. 67.) 

On the 20ih of January, 1834, Mr. Rhodes addressed a 
letter to the Cliairman of the Commissioners, in which he says, 
•* The natural butments and high hills near the Quaker's 
Bridge, will give an elevation of 200 foet above the tide, if re- 
quired. The canal to Sleepy Hollow will be on a level with 
the dam, which gives us the same head at Sleepy Hollow 
as we have at the dam. By my plan we arrive at Sleepy Hol- 
low, travelling only eight miles with the whole ofihe Croton.** 

On the 18ih of April, 1834, Mr. Uhodes addressed a com- 
municationto the Committee of the Common Council "on Fire 
and Water," in which he proposes to build a dam, at a point 
about four miles above the Quaker's Bridge, of 32 feet high. 
From this he is to take the water in a canal 10 feci at bottom» 
34 feet at top, and 8 feet in depth, on the same line nearly as 
that proposed for the Hudson River route, in our report of No» 
vember, 1833, to a reservoir near Harlaem River and from 
said reservoir to cross Harlaem River by iron pipes, to the re- 
ceiving and distributing reservoir on the island of New- York ; 
the Corporation to pay all damages for water and land rights. 

327 [Doc. No. 44.H 

81,700,000 in cash, whew ihc work is finished according to H 
contract ; but to allow him interest as the worlt progresses, ■ 
j^ Document No. 109). B 

It wilj not be expected, as wc presume, either by Mr. I 
Ifaodes or by the Common Council, that ihe Commissioners I 
bould place much relianre upon ihe plans and propositions of I 
I genilemau, who appears to have given ihc subject but a very I 
iqierficial consideration at most. 1 

Hoiv he is to convey either six or sixteen millions of gallons 
f Water from the mouth of the Croton, in accordance with his 
^ proposition, and at an elevation of 125 feet above low 
teter. at the City of New-York, it would puzzle tlie moat ex- 
pert proficient in hydraulics to tell. 

By his communication of the Olii of January, 1834, he pro- 
poses raising a dam of 45 feet in height, near the Quaker's 
'Sndge, which is two or three miles above the mouth of the 
proton, from whence llie water was to be taken, as first con- 
lemplated. From this dam the water is to be carried in iron 
pipes, and to rise gradually until ihey pass Sing Sing, and 
from thence descend to the shores of the Hudson, and so on to 
ibe City, He states that these shores " form a straight line, , 
nd very few obstacles to overcome ;" but the map of the river 
bows several promoniarics and bays, with no less than sixteen ^ 
itreams, some of considerable magnitude, to be passed. When _ 
states that llic water can be delivered in the City, at an ele- , 
lUon of 125 feet, while his fountain is only of that height ; that 
pipes will rise gradually until they pass Sing Sing, which, 
afibct, would be making water run up hill, and Uiat he will ^ 
liTor six millions of gallons of water, in iron pipes, for 
l70O,0O0, when tlie lowest calculation for laying a line of, 
Ijiich pipes, 40 miles in length, will cost 82,198,400, and , 
only deliver about three millions of gallons every twenty- . 
hours ; we ask, what confidence can be placed in the calcu- t 
I and estimates of the proposer T 

bis letter of the 20th of Januan,-, 1834, he says, his canat^ji 
spy Hollow will be on a level with the dam ; and by this ■, 
having no descent whatever, he calculates to be enabled , 

Doc. No. 44.] 323 

to carry the whole of the river for eight miles, and tlius con- 
tiaue the same elevatioD at the end of this eight miies» that he 
has at his fountain ! I 

By his communicatioD of the 18th April, 1834, he makes a 
total change in his projects, and states that he will build a dam 
about four miles above the Quaker's Bridge, of 32 feet in height, 
and from thence conduct the water, by an open canal of 10 feet 
bottom, 84 feet top, and 8 feet deep, to the height near Har- 
laem River. His first proposition was, to take the water from 
the mouth of the river; second, from near the Quaker's Bridge; 
and third, at Garritson's Mill, about four miles above the said 
bridge. Now, although this last proposition carries with it the 
semblance of feasability, there is, nevertheless, nothing new in 
it; for he only offers to remove the dam from the place selected 
by our engineer, to a position some miles below it, while he 
follows the precise line designated by our report, and ndopti 
the very objectionable plan of carr}*ing the water in a large 
open canal, instead of a closed aqueduct of masonry as propond 
by vs. His objections to the aqueduct proposed by our report, 
on account of the water running through it becoming conta- 
minated with some deleterious substances, and his decided pre- 
ference to iron pipes, appear to have departed from his me- 
mory altogether ; for he now recommends an open canal of 
large dimensions, subject, as it would be, to the numberless ca- 
sualties incident to such constructions ; besides being the recep- 
tacle of much filth in its long passage, the wash of the country, 
and the dissolvent of the mineral and other substances com- 
bined with the earth through which it passes. The complaint 
raised in London against the water of the New River is, " that 
being an open canal, it is subject to the drainage of the country 
through which it runs, in consequence of a right claimed by 
the proprietors of the adjacent lands, and which the company 
have no means of obviating, neither have they any power to 
prevent persons from bathing in their aqueduct." Mr. Rhodes, 
however, has altogether misconceived the construction of the 
aqueduct proposed by our report, for instead of its admitting 
any of these substances or impurities, it was to be impervious 

329 [Doc, No. 44. 

three aides to nny external fluid or substance wKatever, and 
' tbe fourth, ths proposition was, to have it covered with a 
■xd or shingle roof. 

I!hesG several inconsistencies have tended to destroy the con- 
buce of the Commissioners in the projects of Mr. Rhodes; 
ihey would not have spent so much lime on their exami- 
lion, had it not been their opinion, that the Common Council 
[luld expect some notice of a proposition that offered to 
;t the iraporlant object of supplying this City with pure 
wholesome water, at a cost two thirds less ihan that estl- 
Bted by our engineer, in his report of 1833. They have, 
Srefore, deemed il their duty, to ascertain by actual survey, 
bether a dam may not be raised at some point nearer the 
IDuthof the river, than that proposed by their report of 1633, 
^tn which might be drawn an equal quantity of water, and 
tibe same time save much in the expenditure. 
3*0 effect the aforesaid object the Commissioners engaged 
6a Martineau, Esq. Civil Engineer, to make the necessary 
tveyi, levels, and estimates, having special reference to the 
ection of a lofty dam at some station on the river nearer its 
ith than the place selected by Major Douglass ; to ascer- 
tbe damage that would ensue by overflowing the land 
injuring the mill seats ; and to estimate the expense of 
Reeling such dam and compensating those injuries ; to ascer- 
i^ and report the best plan for convejing the water from 
dd dftm to the City : the quantity per diem that will be cou- 
Byed by the plan recommended ; the cost of the necessary 
ivations, embankments, bridges, culverts and reservoirs, 
[tured to deliver tbe water, on a declivity of fifteen inches to 
mile, to a receiving reservoir on the high grounds near 
irlaem River, and from thence across said river to another 
roir of sufficient elevation, near Manhatlanville (should 
be of opinion that these reservoirs willj be necessary) 
to a distributiug reservoir three or four miles from tlie 
Hall, near 38ih street and the 5th Avenue, preserving 
elevation of 117 to 120 feet above tide at said reservoir; 
if my of the reservoirs named can be dispensed wit^ or 

Doc. No. 44.] 330 

if addilionBl onea be required, to report {he reasons why, 
to conform the eBtimnte to ihe alterations in the plan, the 
any be recommended. To furnish a report in writing, wtmT 
profile and map of the survey, showing the water line of the 
basin formed by the dam ; the land that will be overflowed on 
both aides of the river ; the line traced for the aqueduct ; the 
depth of cxca^'ations and the height of embankments, Ace id 
order that a plain and comprehensive view of the whole wb- 
ject may be given. To ascertain whether the cost of erecting 
a high dam, at or near Garritson's mill, and the consequent 
damage that will accrue by the overflowing of the land ud 
injuring mill privileges, will be greater than the cost of ti 
tho water from a higher source up the river, 

Ths Commissioners have also employed George W. < 

Wright, Esquire, a Civil Engineer, residing at the village of 
Sing Sing, and who possesses much local knowledge of the 
Crotoo and its vicinity, to run levels on both sides of said river, 
starting IVom Garritson's mill, at a height of thirty-eight feet, 
and carrying his levels up until they loose themselves at the 
surface of the water, in order to ascertain what quantity of 
land would be overflowed with water by the erection of a high 
dam at the aforesaid station. 

The next subject which claimed the attention of the Com- 
missioners was the duty imposed upon them by the Ordinance 
of the Common Council, passed the 24th of July, 1834, which 
requires them to specify in their repcirt " the probable supply 
of water that can be obtained within the county." 

The Commissioners have presumed that this provision of 
the Ordinance, has no allusion to the water that may be 
obtained by deep boring in the rock, or from the sinking of 
wells, as that subject was thoroughly examined by them in 
their report of 1833 ; and they have had no reason since that 
period, to change the opinion then formed. They have under- 
stood, however, an idea has been entertained, by some of ihe 
members of the Common Council, that a large quantity of 
water may be obtained from springs originating itx the high 
lands near Harlaem and ManhaltuiviUe. It was no doubt 


[Doc. No. 44. 

liuiou wliich, in 1826, induced tlie application lo tho 

Iftture, by several of our citizens, for an act of incorpora- 

This act was passed on the 18lh of April, 1826, and 

b^led " An act to incorporate the New- York and Harlaem 

J Water Company." Anson G. Phelps and James Ren- 

^ Esquires, and their associates, arc declared s body cor- 

p for the, purpose of supplying the City of New- York with 

uid wholesome water. The Directors named ate gentle- 

!of respectability and character, who would not have re- 

d a charter, unless they intended to carry it into effect if 

able. The water was to be taken from wells near Har- 

JK/oainioas, where it was supposed abundance of the pure 

int existed. Experiments were accordingly nnade by 

^ sbiifts, i5tc but no water was found in sufficient quan- 

Ho warrant any further expense, and the company ceased 

jut by nonuser. 

[cr4er to be satisfied for ourselves however, as to the reality 
|B soppostlion, that water was lo be obtained in any con- 
nate quantity in that part of our island, the Commissioners 
bpy inspected the grounds and situations alluded to, and 
Ulv c(nvinced, that no dependence can be placed upon the 
Ppt bfa supply of water from those sources, any more than 
fcdeep boring or the sinliing of capacious wells. There 
K well, under the operation of boring, near Yorkville, on 
1^ the Commissioners made their examination. The auger 
Koelralcd 90 feet from the surface of the earth, and no 
vSvas produced, and it was intended lo descend fifty feet 
Mition, if found necessary. Several of the wells on Har- 
UFlats were found to average from sLxlcen to eighteen 
ID depth, and to contain from two to three feet of water. 
Wnhatlanville, one of the wells on the slope of the pubiic 
j^was forty-two feet in depth, and no water; another, three 
1^ hundred feet below on tlie same road, was seventeen 
ieep, and contained two feet of water. The Commission- 
i|so examined several small springs issuing from the high 
Lnear Manliattanville, and one near the Hudson River, and 
■ informed, there were several others that had disappeared. 

Doc. No. 44.J 


caused, as was supposed, by the tilling up of a portion of dir 
Harlaem Canal. The Commissioners were also informed, ihat 
in excavating this canal, which sunk several feci below tide, 
the wellf in the vicinity were deprived of water. The Isctis, 
ai the Commissioners think, thnt the same principle, in respect 
to iha obtaining of fresh water, operates in every part of our 
island, namely, that the earth becomes so s&lumted, at a depth 
on B level with the tide of the East and North Rivers, that 
water will not descend lower, and in the digging of wells, where 
the rock does not interfere, water is uniformly found Bt that 

Any supply from the sources alluded to, therefore, would be 
entirely inadequate to answer all the various purposes of do- 
mestic consumption; to supply the numerous manufactories 
that would spring up in the northern and eastern parts of the 
City; the increasing number of shipping daily departing from 
this port; the extinguishment of fires, and the washing and 
cleansing of tlie streets and sewers of this metropolis. Nothing 
less than a river, distributed through thousands of channels, and 
brought to the premises of every householder, wit! be com- 
mensurate to the wants of a population, such as the City of 
New-York contains, and will contain. 

If further evidence was required, ihe Commissioners might 
refer to the experience of other populous cities and villages, 
both in our own and other countries. Their example ought 
surely, to have some weight wiih us. when making up an 
opinion on this subject. To suppose that th^y would expend 
millions of money to procure water from a distant source, or to 
raise it from their rivers by powerful machinery, when at the 
Name time, they could obtain a sufficient supply, and as good 
an article, at a comparatively trifling expense, by sinking wells 
within the bounds of the city or village, is to suppose them 
desUlute of common sense and prudence. 

By a " report on thi subject of introducing pure and whole- 
B(Hne water into the City of Boston, by Loammi Baldwin, Esq. 
Civil Engineer," it appears that a careful investigation was 
made of the character, quality, and uses of the water takeit 

I 333 [Doc. No. 44. 

I^ni [he City Wells. The whole aumber of wells in that 
PGity was ascertained to be 2,767. The water from 2,085 of 
llbese wells wa^ drinkable, though brackish and hard, and 682 
mat them were bad and unfit for use. There was only seven 
Bsf the City Wells which yielded soft water, occasionally used 
ffcr washing, aod from thirly-three of them the water was 
obtained by deep boring. " Within a lew years, (says the re- 
port,) it has become common in Boston, and the vicinity, to bore 
for water, and to make wiiat are called Artesian wells. But 
D certain or valuable result has grown out of these endeavors. 
K-canDOt find thai any geological science has been acquired by 
ny one to guide or to check those fruitless attempts; and great 
lonQs of money are idly expended every year upon mere pro- 
[Cla founded on guess-work. There are ihirty-three bored 
veils, only two of which are staled as furnishing soft water." 
l,Wilh very httle variation, as the Commissioners think, this 
tcription of the wells in Boston, will not inaptly apply to the 
Actuation of the public wells in this City, the most of which pro- 
duce nothing but hard and brackish water, and none of which, 
w far OS the Commissioners are informed, is sufficiently soft to 
wilboriae its use in washing clothes, &c. 

On the 27ih of October, 1834, the Board of Aldermen 
lefeired to the Commissioners a communication from John 
punter, in which he stales that he had matured a plan, by 
irbich an abundant supply of water may be obtained, on very 
lonable terms ; that he proposed applying to the Legislature 
bt a charter, and if the Common Council would consent to tho 
ipplication. and render such facilities for its success, as may be 
D their power, they may have such control over the Company 
B will cause a forfeiture of the charter, in the event of any 
^lect in fulfilling its provisions. But if'the Common Council 
pre determined to keep the project in their own hands, the 
Ian he has to propose, is the most certain and cheapest that 
can be adopted, and can be commenced immediately, and put 
D operation in a shorter time than any other. 

The Chairman of the Commissioners waited on Mr. Hunter 
Wscordingly, io order to obtain some idea of the plan be alluded 



Doc. No. 44.] 334 

to. Ho declined an explanation however, but appeared willing 
to communicate his views to two or three of the Commissioii- 
ers, in confidence. This was declined on our part, on the 
principle, that the Commissioners were bound to repoit to the 
Common Council, any and all the information they possessed, 
on the subject of supplying this City with water, and they 
could not therefore, receive any communication under an in* 
junction of secresy. 

On the 8th of November, Mr. Hunter in accordance with a 
previous arrangement, met the Commissioners at their room in 
the Hall of Records. That portion of the act of the Legisla- 
ture, which requires the Commissioners to '^make a report, con- 
taining a full statement and description of the plan adopted by 
them, and an estimate of the expense thereof," was read to 
Mr. Hunter, and he was at the same time informed, if he 
communicated his plan to the Commissioners, and if they adopts 
ed it, they would so report to the Common Council ; if they re- 
jected it they would so report, with their reasons for such re- 
jection. Mr. Hunter finally promised to communicate his views 
to the Commissioners in writing. 

On the 17tli of Novemter, a communication was received 
from Mr. Hunter, stating, among other observations, not ma- 
terial to the matter in hand, that he deemed it necessary to 
make his communication preliminary to a full dcvelopement at 
a future time: that his object in withholding his communication 
from the Commissioners was, that he may have some asssurance 
from the Common Council, that his plan will not be made use 
of, without his consent and approbation. He states, that he 
" will now develope a |>art of the plan, and then make a pro- 
position to carry it into effect, not expecting it would be accept- 
ed of without a full dcvelopement, but merely to bring the 
subject to a tangible point.'' He then proposes to deliver a 
sufficient supply of pure water for all present purposes, " in a 
permanent aqueduct, of sufficient capacity, at the base of Har- 
laem Heights, below the surface, on the north side, ready and 
suitable to be felevated to the height, that it may be necessary for 
cotiveiying it to the City." He further states that, he will build 
a reservoir of sufficient capacity, and erect the machinery for 

44. B 

[Doc. No. 

I^BniDg the water to the reservoir, for one million seven laindred 
and fiiiy thousand dollars, the Corporation to pay all damages 
for land and water rights ; to receive the water from the said 
reservoir, and to construct such other reservoirs and dxlures, for 
distributing ihe water, as they may deem necessary. The plan 
of Mr. Hunter, as he slates, •■ would embrace all the waler the 
£Dgineers shovr in their surveys and reports, or in fact ail the 
§Qrtaee or running water of the County of Westchester." 
" That the whole can be completed within four years from 
die time it is commenced, and a partial supply may be had in a 
ihoTter time, and before the whole is completed," 
- This is the substance of the information communicated to the 
Cocnmisstoners by Mr. Hunter, which, without further remark, 
« respectfully submitted to the Common Council, together with 
in communication, which accompanies this report. 

In addition to the foregoing, the Commissioners have receiv- 
ed s communication, dated the 21st of November, 1834, from 
Bradford Seymour, of Utica, suggesting the following 
^glan for supplying the City with water. 

Mr. Seymour proposes to erect a dam in the Hud. 

1 Kiver, extending from this City, at or near the site of the 

State Prison, at the loot of Amos street, to the Jersey shore, 

M to elevate the surface of the water wilhin the said dam, 

16 to 24 inches above high tide. lie estimates the expense 

tot thia erection at one million two hundred and hfty thousand 

llan, and for the construction of as many ship locks as may 
lie proper, at one hundred and forty thousand dollars each. If 
Aeemed necessary to build a lock in the centre, or channel of 
Ihe river, it will add to the expense from one to two hundred 
thousand dollars more. 

The advantages to be derived. Mr. Seymour states, will be, 
1st. That the waters of the Hudson, coming from the high 
lands around the Sacondago and Mohawk Rivers, is the purest 
in the United Stales. 2d. That a hydraulic power, equal 
thirty thousand horses may thus be obtained, twenty-seven 
thousand of which may be employed for manufacturing pur- 
poses, and three thousand used for elevating the water to the 
rrawvoiiv tor su[^lyiDg tlie </ity. Sd. Thai by raising the wator 



Doc. No. 44,] 336 

in the river abuve said dam, to the height he proposes, all o 
slaughs and bars will be removed by the down current, and 
any vessel capable of entering the harbor "f New- York, may 
proceed to Albany and Troy without obstruction. 4th. Thalan 
easy and safe comntunicalion between this City and Albany, oa 
the ice for three months in the year may be effected. That no 
injury will be caused to the land on the banks of the Hudson, 
as the water within the dam will never be higher than it now 
[t in high tides and freshets. Another of the advantages is. 
that solid and pure ice may be obtained at a small expense. 

On the 2fllh of November, Mr. Seymour made a further 
coram unicQtion. in wliich he slates, that the grounds upon 
which be desires to de understood, is, tijat his estimate is pre- 
dicated on the supposition, that he is at liberty to select the 
sile of the dam, to build the coffer dam as he may desire, and 
the lock or locks of such dimensions as he may deem necessarj' 
for the useful navigation of the Hudson River, 

That be will build the said dam, for one million five hundred 
thousand dollars, and the said locks for one hundred and fifty 
thousand dollars each, and the coffer dam for two hundred 
thousand dollars. If a different site from that he has named 
shall bo selened, then he will build the dam for any price agreed 
upon by referees, composed of Civil Engineers ; furnish the re- 
quisite security, and guarantee its durability for five years ; he 
will require two years from the first of August next, to form 
the dam up to low water line ; let it settle the third year. EUid 
finish the whole by the first of August, 1839. 

The powers delegated to the Commissioners, and to the 
Common Council of this City, by the act of 2d of May, 1S34, 
cannot extend lo a project, which contemplates erecting adam 
in the Hudson River, beyond the boundary line of the State of 
New-York. It is true, the act makes it the duty of the Com- 
missioners, to examine and consider all matters relative to the 
supply of this City with pure and wholesome water ; to adt^t 
B plan, and to report it to the Common Council. If the Corn- 
m<m Council approve the plan, it is to be submitted to the bal- 
lot box, and if concurred in by a majority of votes, the Com. 
inon Council may borrow llie money, aud the Commissi oiieis 


[Doc. No. 4 

■ may prcM:eed lo carry ihe plan into effecl. The operation , 
Jiowever, must be performed wllhin this Slate, and under the j 
jurisdiction of its government, and not extend into the territory 
yof another Slate, as the plan for darning tlie Hudson evidently | 
.does. The CommisBioncrs have not deemed it their duty j 
^ iberefore, to incur any expense, by engaging Engineers, to aa- 1 
certain the most eligible site for a dam, reservoir, &c. or for 
jpouoding the river, or estimating the expense of erecting the 
danii locks, reservoir, mi II- buildings, sluices, pumps, &.c. but 
Iwve confined themselves to a mere outline of the plon, as pro- ' 
posed by Mr. Seymour, and to a brief statement of some of I 
Ihe difficulties to be overcome, which has appeared to them as I 
inevitable, and wiiich they will now proceed lo designate. 

1st. The great and leading object of the act of Ihe Legisla- 
ture is, to procure a plentiful supply of pure and wholesome 
water, for the use of the inhabitants of this City. Now, al- 
though the Commissioners have no reason to doubt, that the 
.waters of the upper Hudson,, are perfectly pure, and that by 
building a water tight dam across the river, from this City to 
the shores of New-Jersey, the salt water will be ejected, and | 
' Ihe fresh wili lake its place above the dam, yet we fear, that ' 
in locking vessels up, more or less of the salt water bolow the i 
dam, will follow them, and although the quantity may be com- 
' paratively small, (he constant repetition of the operation, by 
ihe hundreds of vessels going through the locks, both day and . 
night, may, perhaps, be the means of unfitting the water, in a 
measure at least, for domestic use. 

2nd. The project cannot be carried into effect, except i 
by an Act of ihe Legislature of Ne w- Jersey, as well as by I 
Ibis Slate, and perhaps by the Congress of the United 
Stales. If all navigable rivers are common highways, it 
it a queslion ai least, whether obstructions can be placed in 
ihem without interfering with the powers of Congress to reg- 
ulate the Commerce of the Nation. 

3fd. It must be conceded, as the Commissioners tiitnk, 
that the building of the proposed dam, Houid be an obstruc- I 
lion of more or less magnitude, to the navigation of the | 

Doc. No. 44.] 338 

river; for although a vessel maybe locked through in 10^ 
or 15 minutes, as asserted by Mr. Seymour, still, if we re. 
vert to the great number of vessels passing and repassing 
the proposed site of the dam, it can hardly bo otherwiiei 
but that there would be much detention. 

4th. Not having found any data in the office of the 
Street Commissioner, by which to estimate the difficulties 
to be encountered, in building the contemplated dam» we 
can only refer to the known obstructions frequently expe- 
rienced in sinking piers and bulkheads in both the East 
and North rivers, owing principally, to the large accumu- 
lation of mud at the bottom of those rivers, which often 
baffles the calculations and art of the builder. We have 
been informed too that the water, 400 feet from the shore* 
some distance above the site of the proposed dam, is about 
30 feet in depth, and the mud at the bottom not less than 
8 or 10 feet; and it is conjectured, that in the channel of 
the river, the water and mud is not less than 40 or 50 feet 
deep. The width of the river is more than a mile across, 
and whether a dam of sufficient solidity and strength can 
be erected in a river of this widtli, and with a current run- 
ning at the rate of the Hudson, and capable of withstand- 
ing the pressure of the immense body of water that would 
be behind it when the tide is down, arc quesiions the Com- 
missioners are not prepared to answer. 

5th. Mr. Seymour is of opinion, that no injury will be 
done to the land on the banks of the Hudson by the rise of 
water within the dam ; but, the Commissioners think, the 
raising of the water permanently, two feet above its ordi- 
nary level, together with the occasional freshets which 
occur, must cause a covering with water, on some of the 
low lands laying on the margin of the river, for several 
miles above the city. Whether the darning the river at 
the place proposed, will be the means of removing the allu- 
vial bars below Troy and Albany, or permitting vessels of 
a large class to proceed to Albany and Troy, without ob- 

toe. No. 44.] 

truciion, ai coiileiided by Mr. Sejrinaur, the Cotnmisiion- 
t» have no luenjis of deciding. 

' 6Uif ir ihe river, us low down ns the proposed site for 
he dam, will be closed by a covering of ice for ihret 
BtmtbE ia the year, nc sliould think, the cutting off sq 
uidi o(tiie navigation, would produce more injury than 
Ike privilege of procerdiiig to Albany oa the ice, or of 
pcocvriflg a supply of that article for the u» of those who 
nq«ir« it, would produce benefits. 

7lb. The sbad fishery on ilic Hudson, is considered of 
nDch importance to those who follow the business, as welt 
a to those who cousunie the article, and we should presume, 
llie erecting of the contemplated dun would totally destroy 
the fisheriea, and ruin the businets of those who depend on 
it for« living. 

Slh. In addition to the above, ihe Commissioners have 
obtained the opinion of Frederick Grad', Esq. the Super- 
iotendaiu of ihe water works at Fair Mount. He thinks 
■ dam of 24 inches above hi^h tide will not auswer ihs 
purpose inieoded, as the space of time that the wheels 
could work, in pumping the water to the reservoir, would 
be eatirely too short to insure a supply. That although 
<be dam on the Schuylkill river, is ruined six feet six inoh- 
s above the highest tides, the delay lu pumping, occasion- 
•d by the tides, average seven hours out of the twen^- 
ir; and in full njooii tides, from eight to nine hours. 
Be considers the impediments to the trade on the river, 
f locking vessels through the dain, so objectionable, thtU 
Iw is induced to conclude that the project caiiDOt be bene> 
ficiml. To raise the dam higher, appears to be out of the 
question, as it would not only destroy all the wharf and 
■tore property of the city, above the dam, but would also 
I destroy so much laud, as to occasion the damage claim* 
I alone, a reason for abandoning the projecu He tbiaki 
B adutniagei calculated on by the proposer of the pUOi 

Dok. No: 44«] 340 

ifthey coald be trebled, would not compensate for the in- 
jury to the navigation of the river ; and after having incur- 
red the expense ire should still be deficient in the primary 
object bfgi ving to New- York a copious and wholesome sup- 
ply 'of pure water. He is of opinion, if a bridge could be 
built across the Hudson, without injury to the trade of this 
gretit riveV, a supply of \^'ater might be obtained from the 
Pftssaic Falls ; but, as that, in all probability, will not be 
done, it appears to him that the only safe resource to be 
relied on is the Croton, which may be introduced at a less 
expense than the proposed project of darning the Hudson* 
The elevated situation of the Croton will allow the artrnn 
lo make it applicable and certain to give a copious sup- 
ply of water without hazard. The plan proposed, he says, 
could not be effected but at an expense of more than four 
millions of dollars. It would still be insufficient for a per- 
manent water power. It would destroy the navigation, 
aifd it would not benefit the shoals near Albany ; he is of 
opuiion therefore, that it would do all harm and no good ; 
it would dissipate the funds that might insure a copious 
supply of water from another source, and which could be 
relied on, prorided the work shall be properly executed. 

Thus much, the Commissioners have deemed it expe- 
dient to say on this important subject, leaving it to the 
Common Council to decide, whether the inquiry shall be 
further prosecuted, or wliether they will adopt the plan 
which the Commissioners may recommend pursuant to the 
letter'and evident intention of the Act of the Legislature, 
by which they have been guided in their examinations and 
rescHrches, and under which, they hold their office. 

The Commissioners will now proceed to state the sub- 
stdhce of the reports made lo ihcm by the Engineers they 
have employed, together with a general view of the plan 
theyhave adopted, and uhich they have now the honor o^ 
recommending to the favorable consideration of the Com- 


Doc. No. 44.J 

ton Council. It hai already been stated, that the Cfr*! 
Ingineers employedt were David B. Doiig^lass, John ifai^ 
neau and G. W. Carlwriglii, Esquires, whose opemttong 
■ere lo be eniircly disconnected with each other, ia the 

Krveys, examinations, and estimates, they were directed 
make. By these means, the Commissioners entertain- 
a well founded hope, they wuiilrl he enabled to arrive at a 
goDcIusion, approximating nvavei- to a correct result thfab 
(Uierwise. How far these anticipations have been reali- 
ed, will bejudgedofby the tbllowing abridgment of the, re- 
lorti alluded to, and the opinion entertained by the Cotn- 
hisBioners on the subject presented for consideration. 
^ The following is a synopsis of the report presented liy 
itfajor Douglass. Two modes are proposed for conduct- 
lug the water to the city from a fountain head to be rtfise'd 
bear Garreison's Mill, on the Croton. 

I. To carry the water on a large portion of the route in 
■m aqneduci of masonry, the top covered with wood, atid 
•Vie remainder of the distance by a close culvert, conitnii;J- 
M allogeiher of stone or bricli. , ~ 

■'' 2. By a culvert or arched aqueduct of masonry for llie 
whole distance. ~.., 

'' The Engineer proposes raising a .dam at Garretson's 
I, about Cive and a half miles below the location for. the 
Afoscoot Dam, as recommended by his report of lfl33. 
"Tbe height of the dam is to be 33 feet above . ilie bed pf 
Tfiie river, which will give ahead of water above tide of J 55 
feet 6 inches. The location chosen is at the narrowest iiari 
tef the river below the said mill, having on llie north a noUt 
^hore, and on the south solid rock as abutments of the dam- 
^This dam will give an csteul of reservoir exceeding 200 

The building of a dam 14 feet in height atMuGCOOt Hilh 
Tihh the cost of aqueduct in the form of an open cbiieJ) 


Doe. tio. 44.] tei 

•bmt lut mnies to Garrcuoo's Milt, ud tJit ^ 
hod and mill privilege*, be ralioMUes Ht tbe 

mun oT 03IM.7fiO < 

Tbc dam at GarreUon't Mill will coat for ^ 
iu erecdotii togetliej- with dvnagea \ 
10 land, mills, he. ; 

JlakiBg m diffisrence in favor of (he dnin > 
at Gorrvtson's Mill of ) 

212,600 09 

$ 91^£0 I 

Tbe line of aqueduct, at a grade of one foot to the n 
commencci at tfats dam, and takes (he Game course n 
as that of the Hudson river route, designated in o«r r 
of 1833 ; varying, however, in some instances to suit a d 
ferent declevity of (be atfueducl. The lJr$l iuslance occH 
a( (he mouth of (he Croton, where it u fouoil necessary J| 
construct a short (unnci of about 14 chains in iengl 
through an intervening ridge of high land. At Sing S'uM 
another ridge of land must be tunnelled for the leogth.J 
25 chains, in preference lo taking a long and circuili 
route round the face of the high lauds, for the d 
the greater part of a mile. 

There are some other instances where (he espeose »,! 
creased owing to the low graduation; but in croseioglj 
various streams and valleys by which the line Is intersecU 
such as Kill Brook, at Sing Sing; that of Sleepy Holla 
Jewell's Brook, the brook at Greensburg, and ato(be( 
milar localities, the expense will be lessened. 

In consequence of the reduction of grade, it was fo(H 
inexpedient to follow the line of deep cutting by which that 
route was carried into the valley of the Saw Mill river. It 
is now proposed to enter this valley by a tunnel of sevcu 
chains, and then ascend it along the north slope, to a point 
favorable for crossing the river near Morrison's Mill ; and 
by another tunnel of seven chains, to enter the valley oi' 
Tifabed's Brook, where the line strikes the route reported 

tarn. Jfo. 4i.] 

1 .....w_^. 

«r«l«^«i M llW flM U90. •nil tt 

•I lib* Kt^mm^ fUew mi U%i%mm nvw. Tki 
M tf%^ >i#4 ^y M •^■■ iIt i W»4ri si I II 

T^« p^ "' '«s • '*« ' «f' •"' «p>«ri ^tttffftJIf ite .airrvtl 
1^ Ileitis M^ NmI^ %««»«rt. SAil pf««M4t •« 

«|* M8A# 1 « r • •.«/•' 1 ftArv -4 lb* *U« Alill. t^J 

4«i -<% ^t f / c ^ •-).! WfViSM.»f 01 IW 4«lii 
»f rv««rv «f !■ iK • r •< 

III 4itt»««« !»»•« iSv f rt« Ml ) «^ • Mr«^ii 

Doe. No. 4i.] 


Mil), by itic line of ihe aqueduct, S9 milea 66 thuttC'^ 
The water will siaad in iliif reservoir at 116 Teet aJbovc 

The second location is on Murray's Hill, between the 
Firth and Sixth Avenues, and Thirty-Eighth and Forty- 
Second Streets. lis distance from the City Hall is three 
miles, and from the reservoir at Oarretson's Mill by the 
line of aqueduct 41 miles. The standard level of the wa- 
ter at this position will be 1 14 feel 10 inches. 

These heights are considered amply sufficient I 
objects requited, whether for domestic or public purp 
In order to sht^w that the elevation of the water is t 
cieni, the Engineer has caused the position of snme places 
and buildings in the city to be laid down with their height 
above tide. Those referred to are given in the followj 

t fov^fl 

is tii£- 

.i Thirteenth Street, at the Reservoir, 39 feet 6 in. - 

'iSnrface of the Reservoir, - - - JOO 

Washington Square, 25 

- Boof of New University Building, - 109 

!. Broadway, at the Hospital, - - - 32 

■Jloof of Masonic Hall, - - - - 96 

-■ Chatham Square, 33 

Roofsofthchigheslbuildingsadjacent, 95 
,' Surface of the Park, front ofCityHall, 33 

r Roof of the attic of City Hall, - - 100 

ii Broadway, at the City Hotel, - - 34 

j^Roofofthe City Hotel,- - - - 107 

i Roof of Holt's Hotel, - - - - - ge 

It is presumed there are no buildings in the city, at pre" 
sent at least, that rise higher than those designated above ; 
and with a head of water at ihe distribuung reservoir of 
I14to 116 feet, the roof of the most lofty of them mayS 

345 Doc. No. 44,1 

'li« esilmaies of the Engineer are predicated upon the 
Mttimplion that the water will be conveyed in an aque- 
t, on a regular and uninterrupted grade, from the foun-' 
reservoir at Garretson's Mill to the distributing reser- 
' in the city of New-York. 

g relation to (he cost of introducing the water, several 
les have been estioiaied by the Engineer, with a \\ew 
esseniDg the amount of cost. First — To commence 
I a slight increase of the height at the Croton dam, and 
1 thence to Harimm, to grade the line with a declivity 
eight inches per mite, the channel way lo be enlarged 
the purpose. By this, a position is reached for a reser- 
' at Macomb's dam, 134 feet 6 inches above tide ; and 
B Uiit dam lo lay down pipes with a bead of three feet 
ndle, until the water is delivered nt tbe distributing 

'his plan cuts off near a mile of the distance, and 
bids the two heaviest aqueducts, and several of the 
it expensive miles on the route. It was found, bowe- 
, thai the great expense of the pipes, and the addi- 
oal cost of grading the channel way, would save no- 
|ng in the eipensc. 

rhellemsof additional cost amounted to $1,432,039 73 
Hlo« «Bved amounted 10 - - 1.406,302 10 

Difference against this plan, - $ 26,637 63 
Tbe second trial was to lead the water into a reservoir 
Macomb's dam, and thence to take it by ^pes across 
dam to a small effluent reservoir near the Lunatic Asy- 
I, and from this to tbe distributing reservoir.' The 
le result was experienced in this case, to a larger 
ouni than in the former. 

The items of additional cost were, $^54,014 73 

'Those saved amounted to, - - 783,840 35 

Difference against this arrangement, $ C5,174 38 

Dae. No. 44.} 


A tkird plan wat. ts stib«uiii(e inverted ijrpbont in iftt 
pUcc of a^educK in craning Harlwra river and tb* 
Hiuibattm valley. The eitiouUB are rixinded upon Um 
{>riiiciple Uiai the water is to be tiikta at a ceruun d«Mer> 
mined beigbi on Uie Croton, aiiddeKvcred at unotlier delrr- 
miiwd heigiit in thecily, ibeqaaMi^io be delivered being 
aUo auumed. Upon iliii data, wiib other coUaierali, 
slated by the Engineer, be esiiiaate* ibe cmt o( croasJitg. 
the river by aqueduct, al • - |41fi,6Sa 

That ofa lyphon at (btlows : 
Three pipes of 30 inches 

dtarouter, • - $ 63^0 00 
Bridge S80 feet long, 23 

feet water, - aOS»OflO 00 

Infltienl Eind effluent re> 

servoirg, - - 36,000 00 

Seven tenths of an inch 
diderence in grade per 
• ! Mte, - - - 66,734 £0 

371,044 5* 

Difference in favor of the Syphon, t 44,60* fiO 

Eslimale for crossing Manhattan valley, S20&|6M < 
Influent and effluent reser- 

-voh;, - - $ 36,000 00 

Pipes and conduit esti- 
mated at • - ]£3,73£ 00 
Eight tenths of an inch 
per mile difference in 
fy»de, - ■ 76,268 00 

$266,003 t 

piflfrCDC* in faror of an aqueduct, | 60,339,00 

347 [Doc. No. 44. 

fl would appcur from tlic above, that (he use of ihe syphon 
jBarloem River, will save iu the expense, $44,605 50, while 
be sustained at Manhaltanville of <60,338, leav- 
R balance in favor of the aqueduct of 1^15,733 50. 
Wie Engineer proceeds to discuss, at some length, the 
writs of the difierent descriptions of aqueduct or channel way 
V'conveying the water to the City: 
^st. A fJain channel way or canal, wiihont walls or cov- 


Tid. An open channel of masonry of some kind, as a proiec- 

Bn against Ihe wash of the current. 

Sd. An arched culvert or aqueduct, composed essentially of 


For the purpose of this synopsis, however, the estimate of the 
Tla^neer for bringing the water to a distributing reservoir, at 
Murray's Hilt and Bloomingdale square, adopting a mixed 
plan in one case, and an aqueduct altogether of masonry in 

le other, has been deemed sufficient. They are as follows : 

, For terminating at Murray's Hill, 41 miles, SI,6e3,0ia 36 
For 88 miies by aqueduct of masonry, with 

wood roof, l,2ai,3«0 OO 

For 13 miles by arched aqueduct of masonry, 807,306 40 
For damage to land in erecting reservoirs, 

&.C 336,400 00 

For engineering and contingencies, &e. 372,167 07 

84,430,137 73 

BFor culvert or aqueduct of masonry through* 
" out the whole line, terminating nl Mur- 

* ray's Hill, .... «1,682,50S 29 

* For 41 miles arched oqueducl of masonry, 3,545,804 80 
■^or damage lo land erecting reservoirs, &.c. 335,400 00 
'For engmcering, contingencies, &c. . 433,880 81 

P »«,986,e37 00 I 

Doc. No. 44.J 348 

3. For delivering the water at Bioomingdale 

square, by conduits, as in Ist mode, #4,182,210 

4. For delivering the water at Bioomingdale 

square, by conduits, as in 2d mode, #4,689,710 4^ 

The Engineer thinks that the works may be completed aad 
the water distributed to the citizens in four years from the date 
of commencing the undertaking. 

For much valuable information, the Commissioners beg leave 
to refer the Common Council to the able report of the Engineer. 

In accordance with our instructions to Mr. Martineau, by 
which he was requested to ascertain the difference between 
the cost of erecting a high dam at Garretson's Mill, on the 
Croton River, and that recommended by our report of 1888, 
near Muscoot Hill, he proceeded to run a level and traverse 
from a height of 18 feet above the bed of the river at Musooot 
Hill, on both sides of the Croton, when it appeared that the 
water would be set up two miles, 750 feet above the starting 
place, and would overflow 117 acres of land. The cost of the 
land, damage to mills, and expense of erecting the said dam, is 
estimated at 840,565 56. 

The next object was the cost of au aqueduct for conveying 
the water six miles, to a station for a dam near Garretson's 
Mill, the aggregate amount of which, for a closed aqueduct of 
masonry, was $405,450 12. Total cost of Muscoot dam, 
including all expenses, 8446,021 08. 

The Engineer then proceeded to examine the ibasibility of 
darning the Croton, at some point nearer the City than Muscoot 
Hill, and fixed on a location 400 feet below Garretson's Mill. 
In order to keep the same elevation of water as at Muscoot Hill, 
it was ascertained that a dam at the station selected must be 
raised 44 feet 9 inches above the bed of the river. The water 
would be backed up by this dam three fourths of a mile above 
the station of the Muscoot dam, and overflow 391 acres of 
land. The estimated amount for erecting said dam, and pay- 
ing the damage for the destruction of mills, bridges, &c. was 

im [Doc. No. 44. 

• 163,788 70. Difference in favor of dam at GarretEon's Mill, 

Calculations were also made of the cost of an open canil 
of six miles in length, for conducting the water from the dam 
^t Mascoot Hill, to ihc location below Garretson's Mill, in- 
ad of using a closed aqueduct of masonry, as in the forego- 
pg estimate, which resulted as follows : 
r The amoout of all the items put together, including damage 
» land, mills, &c. was S229,004 54. The building of the 
|»m at Garretson's Mill, as above, was li]02,788 70. 
^ Difierence upon this ])rinciple in favor of Garretson's Mill, 
S,2I5 64. 

A line was then (raced from this dam to a locatioa for a 
ibuting reservoir on Murray's Hill, in the City of New- 
JTork, and the separate items involved in the execution of ihe 
•whole work of erecting the dam, constructing the aqueduct on 
]l grade of 15 inches to the niile, building reservoirs, paying 
damages, dec. was collected and classified, which resulted in 

e aggregate of $4,332,814 85. 
.,, The Engineer next proceeded to ascertain whether a dam 
Wghl not be raised, with advantage, at a location near the 
ilfouth of the Croton, and proceedings were accordingly com- 
i for examining the feasibility of throwing a dam across 
ke river, at or near tide water, so as to raise a fountain of 150 
let of elevation above tide, and thus approach live miles nearer 
»e City. A site was selected about 20 feet above tide, near 
Salman's Mill, and it resulted that the water of the river would 
e backed up one mile and four hundred feet above Garretson's 
[ill before it would fall within its banks, or six miles above 
11k location of the dam. More land would be flooded, but of 
much less value than by a dam at Garretson's Mill. The value 
of the land that would be thus overflowed, injury to mills and 
mill privileges, damage to houses, rebuilding bridges, and con- 
Krucbng a permanent dam at the aforesaid station, ii estimated 
Utbe sum of »275,2l}0. 

Prom the dam at Ualman's Mill, a line was commenced and 
carried towards the City at a grade of one foot to the mile. 

Doc. No. U.] 


1 Valley, 

s and lir^n -i 

On leaving the Crotcm 1 

encountered, which will require embankments of considerable 
heighth, and deep cuts nf more or less depth. The line passes 
the viltages of Ring Sing, SprtJi, and TarrytoM-n, occasionallj' 
meeting writh ridges of high land, to be excavated or tunnelled, 
and valleys and ravines, to be crossed by embankments, until it 
arrives at Dobb's Ferry. No difficulty is met with from this 
polni, until encountering the dividing ridge between the Hudson 
and Saw Mill Rivers. This is the most formidable obsUicle oo 
the whole line. The greatest elevation is sixty feet, and for more 
than half a mile, of thirty feel ; the whole length of this deep 
cut is three fourllis of a mlfc. In the estimate, 2500 feet is 
computed to be trnmclled. Saw Mill Valley next occurs. 
hs breadth is 700 feet, and the surface of the rivmr U feet 
above the line of aqueduct. This must be passed by an em- 
bankment, and a large cnlvert of 18 feet span. The line 
having gained the western slope of the high land east of Saw 
Mill River, continues over favorable ground, until it arrives 
four miles distanu and nearly opposite Yonkcrs. where a de- 
presnon in the ridge occurs at Tibbelt's Brook, through which 
the line passes, following the road into the valley of the brook, 
which it is proposed to cross by a dam, forming at this place a 
capacious storing reservoir, if desirable. From this the line 
is conducted towards Hariaem River, over favorable and un- 
favorable ground, until it reaches the proposed place for cross- 
ing the river, a short distance north of Devoe's house, and 
about three fourths of a mile north of Macomb's dam. The 
crossing place is 1820 feet wide ; the surface of the river 600 
feet, skirled by a strip of bottom land on the north. SfiO feet 
wide, and 25 feet above high tide. Having gained New- 
York Island, the line proceeds along a steep, broken, rocky- 
side hilt, for a short distance. Leaving this, it attains a more 
fair surface, until it reaches the ridge north of Manhattanviile, 
where the ground is favorable for a large reservwr. Here 
it is proposed to terminate the line of aqeduct. From this 
point the proposition is to pass Manhattan ■\''alley, by an 
inverted syphon of iron pipes of large calibre; At the smith 

3oI [Doc. No. 44. 

of Maotiattaii Valley, the surface is very undulaling and 

biaily declining, until the line terminates on a. gaiootti 

lion between ihe 5th and 6lh Avenues, at 38ih sireet, a 

on well adapted for the location of a distributing reser- 

Between the receiving reservoir, and that proposed at 

street, as a distributing reservoir, no other is deemed 

•ary at present ; the more especially if the iron pipe 

icting the the two be of the capacity recommended, 

|t)y, six feet diameter. This large pipe will render it un- 

Vsary to have the distributing reservoir more than half the 

iKcommended by D. B. Douglass, Esq. 


om GarrelBon's Mill to leaving the Croton Valley, 5 miles 
Cfoton Valley to Manhattanville, . . 30J 
Manhattan ville to distributing reservoir, . 5j 

Total, ... 41 miles 

Irom Halman's Mill, near tide water, to Man- 

baUanville 30^ miles. 

pom Manhattanville to distributing reservoir, 5j 

Total 36 miles. 

Tom Muscool Dam to distributing reservoir, 47 miles. 

I(e quantiiy of deep cutting on the whole line is estimated 
tfl9Q feet, about 3,000 of which it is proposed to tunnel, 
the residue to be cut as an open canal to receive a chan- 
My of masonry, except where there is rock, which it is 
jded shall constitute (he channel. The average breadtli 
ravines to be passed is about 9,500 feet, which it is 
[Med to cross by embankments formed of rock and eartli. 
oying for thai purpose, Ihe rough excavated rock for the 
ior» AS far as it will go, and good quality slone to be used 
^ 0|llside slope wall of the embankment. 

D oc. No. 44.] 352 

The ridge inlencning between the Huilson River aod 1 
Saw Mill Valley, is by far the heaviest point of oxcavati 
occurs, and is estimated at 115,000 cubic yards, a j 
which may be tunnelled. 

There will be numerous culverts required, but none of lai^ 
dimensions. The largest is that passing Saw Mill River, of 
Ifl feet span ; nor are there any large arches, except thai 
crossing Harlacru River. 

For crossing Uarlaem River two plans are suggested. 
Firsl. by a suspension aqueduct formed by wire cables, 8up- 
ported by pillars at wide intervals, the ends of ihe cables 
being well secured on either shore, supporting n channel way 
of wood or iron. Tliis would be less costly than that of ^|^| 
arches thrown over the tiver, but greater than the ibllom^H 
plan. ^^1 

Second. The plan recommended is a massive embank- 
ment, composed in great part of rough stone, at a slope below 
the water of one and a half feet to one, or on an angle of 34 
degrees. Above low water mark the exterior stone work is 
intended to be laid in a heavy compact stone wall, carried 
up at an angle of 45 degrees, to about 30 feet aboie tide, 
having an arch of 60 feet span (to keep open the navigation and 
allow the passage of the tide) springing from the surface of 
the water, from substantial abutments, which with the arch 
and spandrel walla is proposed to be formed of the best hy- 
draulic masonry. The arch is to be semi-eliptical in form, and 
the breadth of embankment. 30 feet on the top. On this 
bridge the water is to be conveyed across the river by a laige 
iron pipe formed of wrought iron half an inch thick and eight 
feet in diameter. 

If the water shall be taken from Garretson's Mill, ■ 
descent of 15 inches to the mile, an aqueduct of eight a 
half feel in diameter will be sufficient. But if taken f 
Halman's Mill, near the mouth of the Croton, with a descent 
of cne foot lo the mile, the calculation at this grade is for an 
aqueduct of nine feet in diameter. This will cany, when 
running nearly full, the whole minimum flow of the Croton 


353 [Doc. No. 44. 

taring summer. If ihe line was perfectly straight, it would 

eliver 60 millions of gallons in 24 hours ; but on account of 

le sinuous course the channel must take, one third of this 

itity may be deducted, and 40 millions taken as the quan- 

»uch an aqueduct is capable of delivering into the distri- 

reservoir every 24 hours, 
'he aqueducts are intended lo be cylindrical or round in 
composed of masonry, fourteen bches thick, with stone 
quality, and well grouted with hydraulic cement, 
are on Uie whole line of the work, quarries of good 
Iding stone, easily procured, affording abundance of material 
constructing the necessary aquedncts and other erections- 
communication between the receiving reservoir at 
;tlanville, and the distributing reservoir at 88th street. 
and a half miles,) is computed to be by iron pipes, 
Ifeet in diameter, and three quarters of an inch thick, to be 
at a proper depth, to conform to the regulated grades 
City streets, that have or may be fixed on. 
following estimate applies to the line from Halman'a 
near the moulh of the Croton, which gives one foot 
escxat to each mile, through an aqueduct of nine feet diameter, 
rid will deliver the whole of the water of the Croton, if re- 
uired, at the distributing reservoir near 38th street, 114 feet 
fie nigh ude. 

whole amount of excavation from the dam 

near Halman's Mill, lo the receiving reservoir 

^'at ManhattanviJle, exclusive of deep cuts, 
separately computed, is 451 ,350 cubic yards, 
at thirty cents, .... •135,375 00 

e^fth supposed to be rock, 90,250 cubic yards, 

^ at»I 40. • . 

pp cuts, exclusive of tunnels, 78,657 cubic 
yards, at fifty cents, .... 39,328 50 

•fourth of this supposed lo be rock, 1U,064 
cubic yards, at «1 50, . . . . 29.4»ti 00 

126,350 00 

Doc. No. 44.] SM 

8000 lineal feot of tunueli tuppoied to be cut 
through rocki at 925 per foot, running mea- 
•ui^ 75/»0 

8850 fiMt excavated through earth at 95, 10,260 00^ 

Embankments acrofs valleys and ravines, sup- 
posed to be supplied in part from the earth 
excavated, 268,860 cubic yards at 30 cents, 70,150 00 

Slope wall outside of banks, 92,802 cubic yards, 

at 76 cents, 69,001 60 

Culverts and weirs on the whole line, 81,000 00 

Total for excavations, &c. 0661,666 00 

Harlaem River embankment, rough 

stone and slope wall, together 

58,275 cubic yards, at 76 cents, 89,056 25 
Embankment of the upper part with 

gravel, 61,217 cubic yards, at 87^ 

cents, 22,056 87 

Arch of 60 feet span, including coffer 

dam, &c. .... 62,325 00 

Iron pipe, 8 feet diameter, of wrought 

iron, 62,500 00 

Total cost of crossing Harlaem River, . $1187,787 62 

Twenty-seven miles aqueduct of masonry, nine 
feet diameter, walls 14 inches thick, 047,142 

per mile, 1,272,834 00 

Dam at Halman's Mill, 150 feet in height, . 269,610 00 
Five and a half miles of iron pipe, six feet diame- 
ter and I of an inch thick, at 0175,000 per 

mile, 962,500 00 

Reservoirs, 175,000 00 

Damage and cost of land on the line, . . 26,000 00 

Damage to water rights, &c. estimated at 50,000 00 

Add for contingencies twelve and a half per cent 452,621 12 

Total cost of dam, aqueduct, &c. from mouth of 

Croton, 04,046,758 74 

[Doc. No. 44 

'!he total cost of dam, aqueduct, fitc. from Gar- 
retaon's Mill, estimated on the same princi- 
ple, is 84,232314 85 

Thus it appears that tJie line Irom Halmaa's, near the mouth 
rtfae Crotou, can be constructed for $186,056 11 less than 
lat from Garretsou's Mill. 

Mr. Martineau slates, that he had collected data for cstimat- 
g the coat of bringing the water in an open ciinal, formed of 
le natural soil of the country through which it pa5sc<l ; and 
BO) at the request of the Commissioners, for ascertaining the 
jftt. of an aqueduct of stone with upright walls, laid dry or in 
mient, with an eliptic bottom, and covered on the top with 
oord or shingle roof. The open canal the Commissioners can- 
recomniend. for the reaaons given in another pait of this 
|^pon,and others, which might be addcJ, if deemed neccssarj-. 
lie difference in die coslof constructing an atjueduct of square 
me vrork, with a wooden cover, and that ol a round or cy- 
ider form, is so small, in the opinion of the Engineer, tliat il 
■not an object worth attention. The excavations, embank- 
eatS) reservoirs, iiou pipes, damage to laud, mills, dwellings. 
ad water rights, must be tlie same in either case, and the 
Wrk, when completed, would lack that [wrmanence of finish 
AitAi otight to constitute a project of this magnitude and im 

[The Engineer also states, that in view of all the details ot 
ruction, an open canal, without masonry or covering of 
by sort, could not be executed for less than two thirds of the 
noiUI of the foj-egoing estimates, say about 82,800,000. If 
BPy other plan than that recommended be adopted, with a 
lew of reducing the cost, he is of opinion, that the most suit- , 
d>le for the purpose, would be an open canal, walled up on the 
B with dry masonry ; the bollom semi-eh plica 1, the depth 
e-fourlhs of the width of channel way ; the whole course 
tould require to iie puddled before laying the walls. Such u 
ptai, it is believed, could be completed for about one-fourth 
IBS than the amount of estimate for a covered tunael »f ma- 
onry, say 83.100,000. 

Doc. No. 44.] 356 

By the report of George W. Cortwrightt Esquire, it appear* 
he run two levels from a position near Garretson*s Mill, ao the 
CrotOD, one at 38 feet, and the other at 40 feet above the bed 
of the river, at the aforesaid place, and carried tiiem up until 
they lost themselves at the sur^ce of the water. In accor- 
dance with his estimate, the building of a dam of 82 feet in 
height, will make a pond of water covering 180 acres, and will 
damage property to the amount of #21,000 ; and by raising the 
dam to the height of 40 feet, the pond will cover 350 acres, and 
the damage will amount to •41,800. 

Mr. Cartwright also made a gauge of the river on the 9th 
and 14th of October, 1884. At the first period, he calculates 
the flow per diem at 97,771,810 gallons, and at the second 
period, at 92,532,408 gallons ; from which deduct one fifth for 
times of drought, the flow will be reduced to 74,025,927 gal- 
lons, which is much greater than that estimated either by 
Major Douglass or Mr. Stein. 

The Commissioners are informed by Major Douglass, that 
he was put in possession of the measurement and gauge of the 
Crolon by Mr. Cartwright, and that he can only make the flow 
to be rising 51,000,000 of gallons ever}' twenty-four hours- 
He is satisfied, therefore, that Mr. Cartwright must have made 
some mistake in his calculations. 

An opportunity was also embraced by I\Ir. Cartwright, 
shortly after the intense frost in the early part of January last, 
to examine the efTect of the weather, touching the freezing of 
the river. He chose for that purpose a canal, constructed more 
than forty years ago, for conveying the water to a site for a 
mill. This canal was about 10 feet in width. He found the 
ice on the top to average about 12 inches in thickness, three or 
four of which was from snow, with three feet of water under 
it. The velocity of the current he estimated to be near 200 
feet per minute. From this data he concludes that a canal or 
aqueduct sunk in the ground, open at top, wuth a depth of 5 
or 6 feet of water, and a velocity of 70 or 80 feet per minute, 
will never freeze to exceed 12 or 14 inches in thickness. He 
suggests, therefore, the propriety of conducting the wbteir 

Ilirougfi a channel way, walled wiih dry slone on the sides, 
and lined or puddled on ihe botlom wilh clay, to be 6 feet at 
boLtom, 10 feet al top, and 8 feet in depth. The side wails 3 
feet thick at bottom, and 1^ feet at top, with a fall varying 
from 8 to 1 6 inches per miie, and giving an increase of declivity, 
mt the curves of ihe line, lo meet unavoidable obstructions to the 
flow of the water. Such an aqueduct, he thinks, would de- 
liver IS or 20 millions of gallons per day. 

In point of expense, Mr. Cartwright is of opinion it would 
be less in the cost about oqc and a half millions, than the splen- 
did work recommended by Major Douglass, while it would 
leave all the other parts ihe same as his, except the channel 

The Commissioners have been favored with some valuable 
tttfomialioD by Albert Slein, Esq. a gentleman highly rccom- 
aaended as a Civil Engineer. In the month of September last, 
he accompanied the Commissioners on a tour up Ihe Croton 
River, and on liie S5th of that month made a gauge of its 
Waters. The quantity flowing on that day, in accordance with 
accurate measurement, made at equal distances from each 
other, near Pine's Bridge, and about three miles higher up the 
river, near Wood's Bridge, were as follows : 

Section 1. 57,101.068 

Sections. 49,971,686 

Section 8, 49,276,080 

Section 4. 47,959,344 

Total, 204,308,178 

Averaging 51,077,044 gallons every twenty-four tuMn, 

The liver was gauged by Major Douglass on the 5th of Sep- 
tember. 1833, at Wood's Bridge, and the produce on that 
day was 51,523,480 gallons every twenty-four hours, making 
t difference between the two gauges of only a few hundred 
llDons. Mr. Stein, from information obtained on the spot, 
<ras induced to deduct four inches from the surface of the river. 

Doc. No. 44.] 358 

to meet extraordixmry droughts, which reduced the quantity as 
follows : 

Section 1. 28,731,715 gallons. 

Section 2. 28,186,908 gallons. 

Section 3. 33,004,800 gallons. 

Section 4. 32,707,066 gallons. 

Total, 117,630,480 gallons. 
Averaging 29,407,622 gallons ever}' twenty-four hours* 

From the information received by Major Douglass, commu* 
nicated by persons residing in the vicinity of the river, and who 
had frequently observed its changes, from high to low water 
mark, he deemed it necessary, with the same object as Mr. 
Stein, to deduct one fifth of its whole daily flow, and thus re- 
duce the number of gallons per diem to 44,120,924. There 
can hardly be a doubt, however, in the opinion of the Com- 
missioners, that the quantity of running water which may be 
depended on at all seasons, will never be less than thirty millioDS 
of gallons per day. 

Mr. Stein has also furnished an estimate of the probable cost 
of two or three dificrent kinds of aqueduct, and an estimate of 
the quantity of water they will deliver at the end of the linct 
with a head of 40 feet, and a descent of 15 inches to the mile. 

He observes, that " the greater tlic circumference on the 
sum of bottom and two sides touched bv the water, the slower 
will be the velocity in the canal.'* This is also one of the 
principal causes of the decrease of the velocity in rivers at 
low water mark, and that by an equal fall the shallow rivers 
flow slower than the deep ones. 

" The circle presents the best surface, and is therefore the 
most suitable for the conveyance of water, and the nearer we 
come to half a circle in the formation in the cross section, the 
less resistance will the water meet with in its motion.'* 

The next form of aqueduct proposed by Mr. Stein, as best 
calculated for the purpose of conveying water for domestic 
use, is a canal with side walls of masonry. For a canal of 

359 [Doc. No. 44. 

description, wiih a depth of water of 6 feet, and a fall of 

foot to the mile, he makes the following estimate : 

The side walls are estimated at 222,657 cubic feet per mile, 

at 18 bricks to the foot, will require 4,007,837 bricks, at «10 

per thousand, will amount to . . . 840,078 37 

33,560 cubic yards of excavation, at 25 cents 

per. yard 8,140 00 

Cost per mJie #48,218 87 

According to this estimate, a canal of forty-one miles, at 
«8,218 37, would amount to »l,928,734. 
_Mr. Stein's estimate I jr^ excavation, is far less than it would 
lye been, had he possessed a proper knowledge of the ground 
! be excavated. Instead of this, the only knowledge he could 
Miess, was derived from a view of the surface of the country, 
hile travelling over it in a carriage. He has no doubt, 
erefore, made his estimate, on the presumption that ibe line 
I be excavated, was a plain of regular feature, without rocks, 
gh ridges, or deep ravines and valleys, to be excavated and 

The Commiasionors have also been furnished by this gen- 
bnan, with the cost of laying iron pipes, and the quantity of 
rater they will deliver every 24 hours, with a head of 40 aod 
feet at the fountain. 
A pipe of 30 inches diameter, laid perfectly straight, with ■ 
i of forty feet, and a UDiform slope of one foot per mile, 
will discharge two million nine hundred and twenly-lhreo thou- 
■and six huAdred and eighty-nine gallons every twenty-four 
ours ; and a pipe of the same dimensions, with a head of 50 
let, will deliver llirec million two hundred and forty-eight 
lousand four hundred and sixty-seven gallons per day. 
Taking the running foot of 30 inch pipes at thirteen dollars and 
.twenty-five cents, laid complete, the cost of a single hno of 
feriy miles, would amount to two million seven hundred and 
Rjnty-six thousand foUr hundred dollars. If allowance be made, 
however, for the sinuosity of the pipes, on the line from the 
Croton to this City, the quantity of water discharged at the 


DOQ. No. 44.] S60 

point of delivery, would be much reduced* and at leatt four or 
five lines of 30 inch inpes would be required, at a coat of fitMB 
eleven to twelve millions of dollars. 

This mode of bringing the water to the City, therefinre, it 
eatiiely out of the question. 

We have now given a slight view of the principal heeds of 
itifonnation, derived from the reports of the Engineers, and 
must refer your Honorable body to the said reports, for the sev- 
eral items, comprising the various aggregates, and the reasons in 
favor of the results arrived at by the gentlemen alluded ta 

Before commencing an examination, preparatory to deciding 
go a plan, which the Commissioners intend recommending, for 
supplying the City of New- York with good and wholesome 
water, it may be proper to observe, that the estimates of the 
Engineers, in every case, are assumed to be correct ; and that 
the aggregates of expense under each head is amply sufficient 
to insure the completion of the work for the sums stated; and 
we are the more confident in this, because our instructions to 
these gentlemen, were, to state the full amount of cost in every 
instance, in order that the actual expenditure may rather fall 
short of the estimate than exceed it. 

We proceed to state the estimated amounts of each Engi- 
neer on particular parts of the work, and the reasons, as far 
as the Commissioners can perceive them, for any discrepancy 
which may appear. 

Anumnt of damage to land, ^. by erecting a dam at Oar- 
retsofris Mill, 

Estimated by D. B. Douglass, dam 33 feet high. 

cost .... t28,500 

** by G. W. Cartwright, dam 40 ft. high, cost 41,S00 
•' by John Martineau, dam 44 feet 9 in. high, 

cost . . , . 93,614 

The difference in the height assumed by the Engineers^ is 
no doubt' the main cause of difference in the amount of cost^ am 
stated above. 

[Doc. No. 44. 

TSe buiiding a dam at Muscool Hill, including damage to 
land, mill privileges, and cost of aqueduct to Garrison's Mill i 

Estimated by D. B. Douglass lo amount to, *304,'75O 
" by John Marlineau, . . 229,004 


Building a dam at Garrelson's Mill, including every expeme- 

Estimated by J. Marlineau at «69,174, 70 

" by D. B. Douglass, at . . 33,617. 00 

: Difference, . 936fi&1, 70 

This difierencc may be accounted for, by the difference in the 
Jhiri^tfl of the respective dams, Mr. Marlineau assuming 44 ft 
^'fo. oa necessary, while Major Douglass takes but 38 feet. 

Coat of dam at Halman's Mill, compared icith that pro- 
at Garretson's Mill. 

Total coat estimated by J. Martineau, . •289,610 

Cost of dam at Garretson's mill, as esti- 
mated by D. B. Dougiass. $33,617 

Five miles of aqueduct from Garretson's 
MUi to Halman's Mill at 847.142 
per niiie, .... 235,373 889,337 

Difloreiicc. . «S83 

ll would appear, from the foregoing result, that in point of 
coct. there is nothing worth noticing to be saved between erect- 
r the dam at Halman's and Garretson's. It however leaves 
five miles of atjueduct less to be cared for, and it may be of 
Wme advantage. In relation to the mill sites, and the quahtj^ 
of land overflowed, which, it is stated, is of a much worse 
character than that to be overflowed by the dam at Ganei- 
A>d's Mill. 

362 [Doc. No. 44. 

The difference in the height of the dam propoeed to be hmUt 
by D. B* DougloMSf at Oarretearfe MiU^ and by J. Martmean^ et 
Halmavti Mill. 

By D. B. Douglass, at Garrctson's Mill, 33 ft 

J. Martineau, at Halman's Mill, 150 ft. 

Difference. 117 ft. 

The descent of tlie river for 5 miles, is 
at the rate of 25 feet per mile, 125 ft 

Descent of aqueduct 15 inches, each 
miie deducted, • • 6 3 118-41 

Dam at Garretson's exceeds that of Halman's 

above tide, .... 1-0 

Croising Harlaem River by aqueduct^ and by wrought iron 
pipe^ or inverted syphon^ as to cost. 

Estimated by J. Martineau, for wrought iron 

pipe, .... 8187,787 62 

" by D. B. Douglass, by higli arches and 

aqueduct, .... 415,650 00 

Difference in favor of an inverted syphon, $227,012 38 

It has been objected to this description of pipe, that wrought 
iron is more subject to corroding with rust than cast iron. 
There could be no corroding from the interior, however, as the 
running water would prevent it ; and it is presumed some 
method might be adopted, by casing the pipe with wood, or 
some other material as a preventive, if found necessary. At 
any rate, a pipe of this description, half or three quarters of 
an inch in thickness, would require many years before it would 
be destroyed with rust. The difference in the cost of crossing 
the river by a pipe of the descripiion alluded to, compared 
with that of an aqueduct, is so considerable, that, in the opinion 
of the Commissioners, it ought to be adopted, unless there 

S63 [Doc. No 44. 

itiDuId appear more serious objections to the plan ihan any 
pey have as yet heard. It appears by the report from Major 
pouglass, that crossing the river with pipes is much cheaper 
fhan by that of an aqueducl. He stales that the expense of 
lur 30 inch iron pipes, erecting a bridge to lay iheni on, ana 
boilding an effluent and influent reservoir, will cost 8364,280, 
while tiie high arched bridge and aqueduct will cost MIS.SSO. 
Balance in favor of iron pipes, £51,370. 

It may be a question to be considered, whether tlus mode of 
crossing tlie river may not be the best for the present — the 
■umber of pipes to be increased as the wants of the City may 
|uire it. There would be this advantage in the plan : if any 
the pipes failed, or required repair, there would be no ob- 
ttructiun to the flow of the water, in the meantime, through 
remaining in good order ; while, with a single pipe or 
aqueduct, sometliing of ihe liind alluded to might occur. 

The crossing ManhaUan Valley, and on to the distributing 

at Murrai/s Hill, 
ititnate of J. Mariineau, for cost of receiving 

reservoir on the north of ManhattanviJIe, . $43,750 
Dulea of pipe, 8 feet diameter, at 9175,000 
-par mile 965,500 




31U,4(M 61S,13e 


oimated by D. B. Douglass, as tiie 
cost of ihe Manhattan aqueduct, 
five miles of closed aqueduct, at 
•63,030 80 per mile, 

ViSinDce !n favor of aqueduct, . . 9400,121 

The Commissioners have endeavored to ascertaio whether 
! pipes of six feet diameter have ever been, or can be caat 
■ ihe furnaces in ihis country, and ihe cost at which they 
light be obtained. From information they have received 
T. S. Richards, J. Elliot &. Sons, and W. Kemble, on 
Kll)ject, there appears much doubt whetli^r t^ c«)f fb« 

Doe. No. 44.} 304 

cut at «ll, except al a much greater wpense than the ordinaiTi 1 
nzes, and much thicker than thai proposed. The great difict^ 
ence, however, between tlic amount esttroated for crossii^ Ilia 
valJey by these pip6s, and that of crossing by aqueduct, ia soffi* 
dent, in the opmion of the Commissioners, to induce an abaa> 
donmeot of the measure. 

The height of water m the ditlrAtUaig reaerwir. 
By the grade proposed by D. B. Douglass, 114 ft. 10 18. 

By the grade proposed by J. Martineau. 114 ft. 

Difierence 10 in. 

Colt of a dote a^ntiwt of nuutmry. 
BcUuated by Albert St«in, to be allc^ether of 

brick, per mile, .... 904,999 8S 

Eitimsted by D. B. Douglass, part stone and 

pan brick, per mile, .... 62,098 80 
Estimated by J. Martineau, altogether of stone, 

per mUc, 47,143 00 

II appears, therefore, that an aqueduct composed of stow 
altogether, is much the cheapest construction. 


?■■ ■■ 

By J. Martineau, from Garret- 
son's Mill to Murray's Hill, 41 
miles by closed aqueduct, t4,2S2,S14 fi5 

"Deduct savings in expense in 

crossing Manhattan Valley. 400,131 00— •S,743^Mt V 

By D. B. Douglass, by cloied 
a<)ueduct 41 miles to Mur- 
ray's Hill, . 4,flS6,637 00 

Deduct savings in crossing Har- 
laem River, by inverted sy. 

- S*^. • ■ - ■ 337,913 33 l,7fi8,7S(^ ^ | 

"ftlftreflW In favor of Martineau, . »I,016,081 ift 

865 [Doc. No. 44i 

Sttimata of J. Marttoeau. for 
closed cylindric aqueduct from 
dain at Ualmaa'i Mili. iKirty- 
>LX miles, . «4,046,758 74 

Deduct savings in crossing Man- 
hattan Valley, . 491,122 00 3,555,638 74 

Estimate of D. B. Douglass, for 
eloaed aqueduct (rom Garret- 
ion's Mill, 41 miles to Mur- 
ray's Hill, . . '. 4,980,637 90 

Deduct savings by crossing Har- 
laetn River by an inverted 
syi^ioii, iostesd of aqoeduct. 227^13 38 (,768,725 53 

I DiSereilce, . (1,303,088 78 

The difierenee in these estimates no doubt arises mainly 
I the manner proposed fur constructing the aqueduct ( that 
^ Major Douglass being composed partly of brick, will cost 
more by 9612,982 80, than if constructed altogether of stooe, 
• proposed by Mr. Marlineau. 
B The Commissioners have been furnished by Uzziah Wen- 
ao. Esquire, City Water Purveyor, with a map, designating 
e line of pipes that will be necessary, in addition to those 
already laid by the Corporation, and the cost that will aocor- 
Ifii^ly accrue. The total sum to be added to tbe estimateB of 
idle Engineers, for leading the water from the distributing ra- 
Bmir St Murray's Hill, through the diderent streets of the 
'City, in accordance with Mr. Wenman's estimate, will amount 
p •1,261,627. The report of Mr. Wenman is herewith sub- 


whelher the water be taken from the site for a dam sear 
Gairatson't Hill, or from that near Halmon^ Mill, c«o bmJk 

Doc. No. 44.] 366 

DO difierence in the cost, as has been shown by the oonptriaoD 
we have drawn between the cost of the two stnictures — the 
difference being only $28-?. No inconvenience can be expe- 
rienced, therefore* by leaving this question for future examina- 
tion and decision. For the present purpose, however* the 
Commissioners will assume the position at Halman's MiII» and 
accordingly propose that a dam of sufficient elevaUon be 
erected near the mouth of the Croton River, and from thence 
the water to be condiicted in a close stone aqueduct to Har- 
laem River. The river to be crossed by inverted syphom of 
wxxiught iron pipes of 8 feet diameter, formed in the msnoer 
that steam boilers are. From the south side of the river« a 
line of stone aqueduct will again commence, and proceed 
across Manhattan Vallev to the distributing reservoir at Mur- 
ray's Hill. 

The whole work as appears from the estimates of D. & 
Douglass, Esq. after deducting the saving in crossing Harlaem 
River by syphon, instead of aqueduct, will cost $4,756,795 58 
The estimate of John Mortineau, Esq. after 
dedocting the saving in crossing Manhat- 
tan Valley by aqueduct, instead of sy- 
phon, being for the same line as the above, 
is 8,742,093 85 

Total of the two estimates, $8,501,419 48 

Average of the two estimates, $4,250,709 71 

The Commissioners think it fair to assume the average of 
the two estimates as the true sum, say $4,250*709 71 

To which add the cost of Citv mains and 

conduits, ..... 1,261,627 01 

Total cost of introducing the Croton water, $5,512,336 72 

A very important duty remains to be performed, viz : to 
report an eilimate of the probable amount of revenue that 
will accrue to the City, upon the completion of the worksi and 

■ 367 [Doc. No. 44. 

and calculations upon which onr opinion and uti- 
^HftBtM may be founded. 

" The amount of revenue must depend, in a great meaiure, 
^pon the plan which may be adopted for assessing and collect- 
teg il. Various plana have been suggested. First, to charge 
% certain per centage upon the amount, for which the premises 
tepplied with water would rent. Upon this principle, take 
Ibe assessed value of the real estate in this City, which fw 
4834, is valued at «123.256,480. By suting it at one hundred 
liilions, omitting the 823,258,480, for property from which no 
ivenuc is derived, and supposing the rents receivable To 
lount, on an average, to ten per centum, the total income 
mU be ten millions of dollars. Now. three per cent on thiB 
lum would bring $300,000, which would be more than suSieient 
'io pay the interest on the capital expended, and for annual 
Attendance on the operation of the works. Thus, a house 
iting for 9300, ^vouid only pay nine dollars annually, for 
'Wch the inmates would receive a full supply of pure and 
'hrfesome water, not only for drink and culinary purposes. 
Lit for bathing, washing of clothes, streets, yards, &c. 
Another suggestion takes the population at 300,000 ; and 
allowing six persons to a family, the conclusion is arrived at, 
jAat tfie population is equal to fif\y thousand families, and in 
a& each of them paid six dollars annually for a supply of 
Iter, it would amount to $300,000, by which the same result 
_. arrived at as the first named project. 
"*" The plan most generally adopted, however, for raising a 
IJtoveoue is by a tariS* of rates, proportioning the charge in 
iiccordance with the probable quantity of water used. The 
Manhattan Company apportion their charge in accordance 
With the number of fire places in the dwellings supplied with 
iheir water. Thus, small houses, containing from one to 
^ree fire places pay five dollars per annum, while houses of 
Ihe largest class pay fifteen dollars; the average of this charge 
fbr dwellings is 89 69, if occupied by one family ; and for 
teore than one family, three dollars each in addition. Fer 
grocerjr stores, ten ddlars each ; for bake houses, ten doltan 


Doc No. 4-1.] 368 

lor each oven. Factories, buildings, Uoardii^ hooaaCli 
diitillerio, breweries, dye hoitses, &.c. uccordiog to sgre 
The laying and rcpuiring; of ihe lateral pipes is d 
Qipeose of those recoivtag the water, and the rate* &re 10 I 
paid half yearly in advance. 

About one thousand families, in Boston, are supplied with 
water by Ibe Boston At^oeduct Company, at an annual charge 
of from Ico to twelve dollars to each fumily. 

The Providence Aqueduct Company, Slalo of Rhode lalaod. 
charge ten dollars per annum for a family of six persons ; and 
• right to bo supplied with water from their fountain may be 
purchased for tlZ^ cash, and by paying a due proporiioo an- 
■MKtlly of ihj expense of keeping the main pipes and fouataio 
ia repair. 

The Ciiy of Albany is partially supplied with water by > 
chvterod company. The water is procured from a creek 
belwceu two and ihreo miles north of the City, and brought 
to the distributing reservoir through a line of six inch iron 
pipe. About 1300 dwelling houses are supplied from this 
source, and the rale* charged for llic use of the water are as 
&»liows : 

A three story house, per year, . . . . 16 00 

Three stories, one room deep, with back building, 14 00 

One and a half story front house 14 00 

Ordinary three story houses, , . , 12 00 

Double two story housei . . . . . IS 00 

Single two stoo' bouse, with dormer windows. . 8 00 

One story house, . . . . . , . 6 00 

_ Stores where the water is used only for diiok, 4 00 

; The above rales are for a single family only ; for every ad- 
ditional family in a house, three dollars for each, and a further 
chai^ of two dollars for every family more than two. Board- 
ing houses, and hotels pay from sixteen to sixty dollars. 
Bvewois pay fifty dollars per year, and two cents per barrel 
ia addition for every barret of beer brewed over one thousand. 

9ed [Ooc. No. 44^ 

liouses pay forty dollars for the first five thousand brwhel* 
Ited, and five dollars Tor every additional tboasand btnh- 


^ Sioce 1820, the company have divided to their stockholders 
(1 six to seven and a half per cent per annum, and their 
[ular dividends may now be safely estimated at seven per 
il per annum. For the above information the CommissJon- 
I are indebted to the politeness of the Hon. M. Van 

' The Commissioners have been furnished by the Hon. 
feorge Tibbeis, Mayor of the City of Troy, with a detailed 
ecount of the waler works nearly completed at that place, 
Troy (ms advantages, in this respect, not possessed by New- 
Tork. The water of the Hudson, by which the Ciiy ia 
bounded on the west, id of the best quality, and there sre 
tesides a number of streams having their source in the high- 
s to the east of the City, whose waters are perfectly soft 
ibd pure ; and the capacity of which is equal to the wants of 
be present, and peihaps the future population of the place; 
niQ Mream selected for the purpose of supplying the citizens 
with water, is the Piskawin creek, and the distributing reser- 
_jr is placed on its margin about one third of a mile east of 
be Cityi and at an elevation of one hundred feet above tide, 
id about seventy-three feet above the plain ujion which most 
the City buildings are erected. The reservoir will hold 
It 1,900,000 gallons, and the mioimom supply of the creek 
an unusually dry time, was 840,000 gallons per diem, 
f\udh will allow 56 gallons per day to each soul, estimating 
population at 15,000. 
The main, which first receives the water, is sixteen inches 
^metcr where it enters the reservoir, tapeiing down to 
twelve inches at the other end. The mains running through 
tte several streets, vary from twelve to three inches diameter, 
Vtccording to circumstances. It has been ascertained at Troy, 
diat a 12 inch main, with a head of 73 feet, will dischar^ 
Sibm the reservoir and deliver into the City 1,500,000 gallons, 
wery twenty-four hours. 


^ No. a.] 

Tba whole co»t of the Troy Wster Worki, viz. for the pur- 
cbuB of land and water rights, buildiiig ihe reservoir, and lay- 
ing the main pipes through ihe Cily, will amount to about 
• 115,000. The anoual expense of attending the works, it but 
•800 i five hundred to a Supeinteiident, and three hundred 
to a Clerk. 

The mies at which the water is furnished, are as foUowi : 
for a single fiunily, who pay lor laying tlte lateral pipes, $5 dO 
per annum. If the expense of laying the lateral pipes is p«i<l 
by the Corporstion, •fl 60 per annum. For hotels, from 15 to 
60 dollars each ; Breweries. •50 ; Livory Stables, »15 j Dis- 
tilleries, JSO ; Tanneries, ^20; Dyers, SIS. Manufactoriej 
uuDg a steam cn^e, from 20 to 40 dollars per annum. For 
water used by masons in the erection of new buildings, fiva 
cents per thousand for all the briciis worked up, and five centi 
for overy hundred feet of stone wall. 

These rates arc uncommonly low, and are warmuled by the 
great fiicilities for obtaining the water, and the moderate cost 
of the works. 

It reflects much credit on the municipal authorities of Troy, 
that they have thus preserved to the inhabitants, a control over 
the supply of this necessary and indlBpcnsable article of con. 
sumption, at a moment too, when it was abuut being wrested 
from tliem by a chartered company. It appears, an net was 
passed in 1820, incorpomling a com|)any for supplying the 
City of Troy with good water, delegaling to it all ihe neces- 
sary powers and privileges for carrjing tlie same into eflecL 
The Common Council of Troy, however, aware of the .evils 
experienced from joint stock companiesin other cities where they 
exist, obtained an Act of the Legislature in 1833, authorizing 
the Troy Water Works Company to convey to Ihe Corporation 
of the Cily all their rights, title and interest held under their 
charter ; and, at the same time, investing llic Corporation with 
the necessary power for acquiring tlie requisite land and water 
rights ; raising such sum of money, by loan, as might be requir- 
ed, and authorising the passage of such ordinances relative to the 
introduction, distribution and use of the water, as they might 


[Doc. No. 

deem ueosaaary and usefuL The comtHiny for briaging la the 
water* therefore, consists, as it ought, ol ail lite citizena of Trojr, 
•ad eaoli individual, through ihcir rcpresenmiives in the Corn* 
mon Council, has now a voice and inlcrcst in the measure^. «{- 
whidi iliey would liave been forever deprived, under s prirato. 
corporal ion. 

It Bppeara then, Ihal the ai-erage rate charged by the Mtn- 
hatlEin Cumpany of this City, is . . « 63 

By the Boston Aqueduct Company, . . . 12 00 

By the Providence Aqueduct Company, . . 10 00 
:By the Albany Water Works Company, . .1107 
By the Corporation of Tro> , . . . 6 60 

^ the Corporation of Philadelpliia, (see page .) ■ 6 00 


[akiiig a general average of 80 20. Thus we arc enabled to 
iccriaiu the average charge for water supplied a single 
uilytby six of the com ponies cslablished in different parts of 
le United Slates. The rate demanded of other water takers,' 
iars to be regulated by the probable quantity of water 
I, and can, therefore, only be estlnialed by conjecture, wheiv 
in the present case, tlicre is no positive or certain data to 


Tbo Commissionera have been at great pains to collect from 
t varioua sources in our own country and abroad, infonna- 
D on the operation of supplying water by artificial means, in 
that they might the better pcribrm the duties required 
!En J but they are compelled to confess, that the knowledge 
By have acquired is by no means so satisfactory and full as 
Sy OOokl wish, or had a right to expect ; owing, in part, to 
e few publications on the subject, and the brief and general 
inner in which it has been treated by such as have appeared 
print ; and, perhaps, to the fact that most of llic water com- 
nies are private incorporations, whose objects are better 
(weredby an increase of dividend to their stockholders, than 
benefitting tho public, or dissemuiatiog useful ioformatioD 
■tire to the conductinf of their afiain. 

Ik^No. 44.] S7S 

- The Commimonen have been enabled to gleta want 
fal information as to the rates charged, and the incHMM Pt» 
oeived by the London Water Woiks Companies, derived Ami 
•xiraets of a '^ Report of the Commissioners appmnled Id ifr- 
<|aire into the state of the supply of water in the tnetttipottir 
made on the 21st of A pril, 1828. This inquiry was iMtilllWd 
bjr order of the British Government, in consequence oft ¥ery 
.general complaint of the impurity of the water drawn firom the 
river Thames, and in some instances, of the limited mpfltfi 

The following table has been compiled from such pdvttoBs 
btiht report alluded to, as appear in ** An Historical AoeooBt 
of Sub-ways," printed, London, 1828; and in a ''TiteMiss 
an the Police and Crimes of the Metropolis,'' printed, Lobdoo, 

373 [Doc. N«. -41 

hgojd ijau ]i;nutiv 

intipuodxa [snuuy 

JO amooHi [rnouy 

p9.{o[dlU3 {GlldsQ 

M 3D m t- o o w o 

'.Asnoq qaeao] A|iiip 

issnoq JO joqmnfj 

|«3 u; A[ddns /[red 


So o o o o o o 
c a o o CO 
o" o o" p o -^ o' o 
o 8 t( t- oc c» S r^ 


■S g 

PMb Km. 44.] S74 

Tlw average quantity of water supplied each water taker on 
the north side of the Thames, as appears by the preceding ta- 
blet amounts to 179 (jrallons per tiay; while on the s uth side 
it only amounts to 90 gallons ]kt day. The reasons given 
why the supply is so much less on the Souihwark and Surry 
side of the river, than on that of the London and Westminster 
side are, that the houses are much smallo/, the streets not so 
frequently washed, the quantity siip|)Iied for use at fires is much 
less, the service to the houses by some of the companies is only 
periodical, or once in each week, when it is stored in cisterns 
or other vessels for future use ; and to which may be addedt 
perhapsy that there is less used for bathing establishments apd 

The average rates on the north side vary from five dollars 
and eighty cents, to thirteen dollars and fifty-six cents ; and on 
the south side, from five dollars to four dollars and twcaty-fi\^ 
cents ; the general average buing about eight dolfiirs. The 
total earnings of the five companies on the north of the river 
Thames, it appears, average rising eight per cent, on the capital 
employed ; the nett earnings, however, after paying all ex- 
penses, and deductinir one and onc-tM^zht. prr cent, on the capital 
for wear and tear of machinery, only amounts to $524,457, or 
about four and a half per cent, on the capital. If the reserved 
fund of one and one-eight per cent, on the capital be added to 
the nett earnings, it will increase the amount to $654,259, or 
about five and a half per cent, total gain, on the capital em- 

The Companies on the north of the Thames employ fifteen 
steam engines, which exert a power of 1 105 h.orses ; and those 
on the south side employ six steam engines of 235 horse power. 
It appears to be necessary therefore, that twenty-one of these 
powerful machines, equal to the strength of 1340 horses, should 
be in constant operation, in order to raise the quantity of water 
daily consumed in the British metropolis. Seven of these 
companies have to raise the water of the Thames to a height 
of 80 to 120 feet by steam power, which may be the cause 
why the annual expense of keeping the works in operation, is 


[Doc. No. 44. 

K vail 

irs ; and when we take into view the lai^ 
seeking invesHnenl in England, and the low 
demanded, it is is by no means stJ-(inge tbat 
'4eiir Bnd s half per cent, should be considered a sufficient re- 
iminrealion lor its use ; hut when wc are told by Dr. Rees, ia 
CacycloptEdJa, that " the original value of the shares ia 
ifae New River Water Works, was one hundred pounds eachr 
that at present they arc worth one hundred times that 
value "; and by the author of " An historical account of sub- 
ways," that " a share, which was originally purchased for 
one hu|^ed pounds, has been lately sold for fifteen thouaani^ 
ihOT value being still increasing," we are unable to account 
the refult produced by the fori^going table as it respects ihs 
!tt earnings of llie companies. The capital must have been 
lateiiiliy increased since the completion of the works, or ths 
ictHne erroneously stated. 

Tlia Commissioners will venture a conjecture on the subject 

liowever. which they think will prove to be correct. They 

findit slated in the " picture of London, by T. Britton," that 

die original capita! of the New River Company was ££OIV 

or •3,233.233, which is less than lialf the amount of the 

tal reported lo the Bjjtish Commissioners by this Company. 

presomed, therefore, that the capital first invested ia the 

IS, ia that upon which the dividends arc made, and thedit^ 

ice between that nnd the amount reported, is made up 

additional expenditures, for new and increased machinery; 

replacing their wood pipes by iron, extending the workf, 

all which expenditures are made from the earnings of tha 

ipany, or from what is termed the " reserved fund," and 

from any additional capital paid in by the stockholder!. 

'his. we think, will appear to be the fact, from a view of tfaa 

I, composing the loliowing estimate of ihe capital employ- 

f ihc New River Company, as subntiltcd to the Parlia- 

it of Great Braitain. 

Doc. No. 44.) 376 

To capital as estimated in 1 81 5, £846,640 7 

** " since expended, Fercday for iron, 127,918 • 
^ Fipe laying account, . ' . 62,994 

^ value paid for cocks, 8,849 W 

** expenditures in machinery 

and buildings, 9,019 9 

* value of pipes purchased of 

other Companies, when they 

abandoned the supply of 

that district now served by 

this Company. £102,042 G S^ Mr ' 

'Deduct proportion of the above 

stated capital, sold to vari- V 

ous companies, when this 

company abandoned, 68,940 3 — 43,10S *| 

Total, £1,088,523 JUt 0| 


If our supposition be correct, this company, and probabljrdl 
the others, have been paying their original stockholder* eight 
und a half per cent on their capital, which would amount to 
$188,889, instead of four and a half, as made to appear by the 
statement of their receipts and expenditures exhibited by the 
above table. This may possibly account for the great riae in 
the price of shares as previously stated. 

It may be useful to state hrioHy the grounds of complaint, 
against these compan'-es by the citizens of London. One of 
the principal complaints is, the foni state of the river water. 
It is averred that 130 common sewers, discharge the contents 
of the privies, water closets, and the whole filth of the City 
into the Thames, within the district, from whence the water is 
taken ; that it is loaded with matter, has a bad smell, and re- 
quires time to settle before it can be used. That the avbwad 
object had in view by Parliament in creating so many compa- 
nies, for supplying the metropolis with water, was to encour- 
age competition ; as it is only from competition that the public 
are well served. It appears, however, that after competing 

3*7 [Doc. No. 44. 

i^th each other for a few years, during which time tlis «ili* 
baa bod no reason to coiniiiaiii of the (lualily, quantity ot 
rice of the article, tlicy finally combined together: divided 
bfiCityiatu eight districUi, assigning one lo each company, 
pd entered into mutual bonds, to supply only the district thus 
H^ned. and do other, under u forfeiture of a heavy penalty. 
"by which all competition was put an end to, and a cotnplele 
UtOaopoly of iJiis necessary of life, virlnally cslabhshcd." 
,. In other respects, the companies act as distinct ond separate 
rations. Each company chaises such price as ihey may 
n proper ; and this may account, in a measure, for the 
i^iflefeoce in the rates. No i^Vo companies agree in iho 
(motint of rates ; the price ihey may charge is nnlimitcd, &oi{ 
Ibc quantity of water furnished, in many instances, uncerttiin^ 
Ifaeir rates are not regulated by the quantity of wafer con- 
UOed, or by the distance conveyed, but appears to be left at 
ri option of llie agents of the companies, to charge what they 
r deem proper. There is therefore, no check upon theUi* 
jly the fear of competition, or the loss of custom, to induce 
J to moderate the price, increase the supply and improvo 
i&e quality of the article, which, it is averred, has materially ' 
deteiiorated since the combinalton. 

The influence of the officers of tiiese companies, backed by 
that of their stockholders, prevented any measures bein^ 
adopted to reform the abuses complained of. The complainant* 
B answered by a Parliamentaiy Committee, that by the 
peculiar undertakings of the companies, for the supply of wtter, 
'^vhen large capitals must necessarily be vested in (Sited n 
efaiDery, tlie principle of competition, in its application to such 
companies could not be admitted without strong guards, or tba 
liak of destruction to the competing parties, and thereby ulti- 
mately, of a serious injury to the public. That is to say, the 
vital importance of a supply of pure water to the inhabitanta, i 
isofless moment than the efTecis of a competition by new com- I 
wniei upon the interests of the old ones. 

The evidence thus afforded by the foregoing facts, and othera 
that tDight be reverted to in our own couuir}', of the eflecto 




Doc. No. 44.] 378 

produced by placing a monopoly of this necessary of life fcito 
the hands,'and under the control of private incorporations^ oi:^gliC 
to be, and the Comni^issioncrs hope will be, the means of stim- 
ulating the Common Council of this City to a final issue in ihi 
Blatter. Water is one of the elements, full as necessaiy to 
existence as light and air, and its supply therefore^ ought 
never be made a subject of trade or speculation. 

The Commissioners have derived much useful inforroatioB 
from the reports of the Watering Committee of the City of 
Philadelphia, and from Frederick Graff, Esquire, the able Su- 
perintendent of the ^vorks at Fair Mount. This gentleman 
has promptly answered every inquiry of tlie Commissioner^ 
;and furnished them with the annual reports, made to the selecl 
and Common Council, of that City, from 1830 to 1634 inclusi?ei 
These reports form the best data extant, that have come to 
to the knowledge of the Commissioners, upon which to caleoi 
'late the probable amount of revenue that will accrue to this 
City» upon the completion of the works, for supplying it Wldi 
pure and wholsomc water. 


Uat. Ko. 44. 



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Doe. No. 44] 


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89 1 [Doc. No. 44. 

Illiberal «ca!e adopted in Philadelphia, for supplying the 
habitants with water, reduces the income much below what 
would be, if a thir remuneration, was required from all who 
leceive it. In the City proper, the rates are remarkably low, 
dwelling containing a family of six persons being charged 
nly five dollars per annum. Dwellings on ihe rear of lots, 
od not fronting any street, three dollars ; and the same for 
Duses fronting on couils or houses built in the centre of a block 
brming three sides of a hollow square, the fourth side being " 
f pusago to the slreet. Those who have a stable back of 
if dwellings, and keep two horses, pay for their dwell- 
ja five dollars, for two horses five dollars, and one 
lloilar each for any additional number ; for a bath, three dollars, 
UkI for the privilege of washing pavements, yards, watering 
die. two dollars, making together fifteen dollars per ' 
No person pays for the water except it is brought t<t M 
Idl premises. For public use, there are 400 hydrant pumps,' 
'dJstribuTed in different parts of the City, which, according to 
the estimation of Mr. Graff, supply on an average, ten families 
each, or 4000 in the aggregate. This is evinced by the fact, 
diat not more than half the dwellings in the City proper take 
tbo water on the premises, while in the districts where there 
•fXB no hydrant pumps erected, the houses are far more gene- 
nOIy lupplied than in the Cily. There are also T13 fire plugs 
In ibo City and discricis, ready, for use at all times and sea- 
■oiu ; and notwithstanding this liberal supply and very mode. 
ntc charge, the income for 1S33, amounted to $85,153. 
I In preparing the foregoing table, and bringing together un- 
der their proper head, the different descriptions of water 
takers in the city proper, and the four dislricts of Spring Gar> 
den. Southwark, Northein Liberties and Moyamensing, ihe 
■Terage rales, in several instances, will mnge higher than lliose 
we have stated as charged for dwellings, horses and baths. &,c. 
in the city proper. The cause of this arises from the fact, that 
inaitnuoh as the districts are not called on to payany portion of 
ths taxes levied to discharge the interest on the city debt, crea> 
Wd for constructing the works, they are required to pay a ntt 


Doc. No. 44.] S83 

fifty per cent, greater than that chai^d in the city. If the 
city pay five dollars for a dwelling, the districts pay seven and 
a half, and so in proportion for other privileges. 

The data upon which the rates are calculated, is 180 gallons 
daily, for a family of six persons. Manufacturing establish- 
ments, livery stables, hotels, &c. are rated in accordance with 
the probable consumption of water, on the aforesaid data; 
thusy if a water taker use four times the quantity that a family 
of six persons would use, say 720 gallons, he will pay twenty 
dollars, and in the same proportion for a greater or less quan* 

The Commissioners have compiled the following table, rela- 
tive to the probable receipts in this city, based on the best 
information they have been enabled to collect on the subjectt 
and trust it will approach sufficiently near the reality, in the 
aggregate at least, to authorize the arrival at a conclusioD, 
what will be *' the probable amount of revenue that will accnis 
to the dty upon the completion of the works." 

^^r 383 


oc. No 4 J. ^ 





i £ 





rmi or Water takers 





; hou«es. 


$S Ool «160,000 00 



4 00 

8,000 00 

1 ... 


15 00 

30,690 00 


4 00 

8,000 00 

Hahlei, '. '. '. 


52 00 

4,500 00 


1 60 

6,000 00 

tories. . 


90 00 

6.300 00 


12 00 

3,204 00 


15 00 

1,085 00 



150 00 

1,050 00 



300 00 

3,600 00 , 

curriers and moroc- i 
laoa&ctories, j 


40 00 

800 00 


30 00 

600 00 



100 00 

6.300 00 

>ffice(. . . . 


10 00 

1,780 00 



35 00 

2.100 00' 


12 00 

1,200 00 

candle fectoriei. 


60 00 

3,480 00 

Dam . . . 


10 00 

100 00 

aa stone cutters, . 


35 00 

1,505 00 

uses, . 


15 00 

1,020 00 



150 00 

6,000 00 

hmsBs, . . 


10 00 

2.400 00 

Rboob, . . 


10 00 

220 00 

g and refectorieB, 


25 00 

2,500 00 


8 00 

36,272 00 

1, . . . 


1000 00 

2,000 00 



800 00 

800 00 

rtal. . . - . 


•810,516 00 

-^ , 



Doc. Mo. 44.] S84 

The above average calculslions, in moit cowi, are fi 
upoa ioformatiOD derived from personal inquiry at the h 
hotels, taverns, livery slsblcs, shipping, merchants. &c u 1 
(he amouot annually paid for water obtained from the ^ 
carriers, and other sources of supply, and as to the sam tl 
would be willingly paid tor water, if brougltt to the prcmU 
or establishments of the persons inquired of ; and the rates. M 
near as could be ascertained, are such as the diflfercnl dcscrfp^ 
tioDS of water takers appeared willing to pay. -Tbo natural 
wish, however, to obtain the article on the lowest possibU 
tennt, operated, as the Conrimissioners think, (o reduce th« rai« 
below what the real value of the water would be lo the taker. 

By the act under which they hold their appoinin>eDl, the 
Cominissioners are required to report " the reasons and caloola- 
tions upon which their opinion and estimates may be fouoded i" 
and in complying with this provision, it will be necesaai^ to 
state briefly, the reasons which have led to the result llfivvd^ 
at on each item in the foregoing table ; and, 

1. DwELUNQ HotTBEs. In order to ascertain the n 
of dwelling houses, store houses, &c. they have pro 
correct measurement of the whole front line of the t 
streets below and including twenty-first street; and a 
are many houses built two on a lot of 25 feet front, and oth- 
ers three on two lots, they have presumed that twenty feci 
front, by 75 feet in depth, would bcafair average of the whole. 
The front ground within the limits designated, exclasive of 
that occupied by markets, churches and public places, i 
],2I6,S39 feet ; and, upon this data, there arc 43,316 b 
lots of 20 by 75 feet ; and upon the presumption that they in 
all built upon, there would be that number of houses, stores, die. 
to be supplied with water. The number of vacant lota in lbs 
fourteen lower wards of this City, were stated by Williams 
in his Register for 1B31, at 6353, many of which must tMW ba 
occupied by buildings ; but as the Commissioners have extan- 
ded the line in the 12th Ward, say from Uth to Sltt street 
and, in order that their data may bo as correct a* pr«cticaUe< 
thay have obtained an estimate from the books of tbs Ann- 

385 [Uoc. No. 44. 

■howing ihe Dumber of lots unoccupied in cachJWord.and 

in the prescribed limits, when the Assessors made their 

vxaminaiion in the early part of the last summer. The result 

is that there were 10,614 lots assessed as vacant, or, upon the 

principle of allowing only twenty feet for a front on the street, 

!ra must tie 12,737 unoccupied lots, leaving the esUmated 

r presumed to be occupiedby buildings, that will require 

be furnished wiih water, at 30,479. The Commissioners, 

mever, have adopted 20,000 aa the number to be supplied : 

iving the 10,479, and such of the vacant lots as may be 

lilt upon before the project shall be completed, as coatingen- 

es, lo supply any deficiency which may result from errors, 

any, in the calculation. 

S. Back Tenxuents. It is notorious that there are many 
if Has description of houses built on the rear of IoIj, and on 
II^s extending from the street to the rear of, and for the 
vbole length of the lots thus occupied. They are principally 
enantcd by poor families; and the Commissioners have ac- 
BonliDgly reduced ihc rate on such buildings to a moderate 


r & T*TfiKN». There were 3148 lavero and excise licenses 
d in 1633; we deduct from this, 500 for hotels; for 
) who only take the excise license, and for small taverns ; i 
ind have estimated the number that would pay an advanced 
trace for the water, at 3,646. 

4. Batbb. We liud there are 1455 private baths in Phila- 
lalphia, and cannot doubt, therefore, when wo consider tha , 
b^tbful eH'ccts arising from the enjoymeat of this luxury*, and . 
the population of this City is three limes greater than > 
of the City proper of PbiladeJphia, but that the low rate ' 
It which a bath may be procured will induce a much larger j 
BOsnber to claim the privilege of one or more on their premi- 
ses than we have estimated. The public baths, of which i 
B are several in this city, (and there would be more, if % ^ 
plentiful supply of soft water could be obtained) will add.J 
iverul thousand dollais to our estimate on this item. 
5. LivERV Stables. There are 80 of these cstabliafatneDtt J 

Doc No. 44.J :186 

in thi* City, where about SOOO hones mt maiDUtned. Thl^ 
GMUumc a large quantity of water, aod jiiiy for it from U to 
too dollars each stable. A number of them obtain their warn 
fr«n the public pumps, others from the Manhattan Com\mij, 
but noos, as we would l^arti, but would willingly pay a (air 
price for a pure article. Wo have estimated the low rale of 
one dolbr and fifty cents per horse, and lind the average of 
the eighty-six stablejs will bo about 853 each. 

6. Horses. There were 3200 cartmcn's liccises iaawd 
io 1833. If we add to these the horses kept by mcrchuts, 
gurilemcn, uid others, ihc number of horses that woold reqvin 
the use of the water, as the Commissioners think, wouk) not 
6U1 short of 5000 -, ihey have slated iho number, however, 
exclusive of Iliose kept in livery stables, at 4000, and the rale 
per annum at the small sum of one dollar and fitly cents each. 

7. Maxupactories. It upjienrs there are about sixty sil«r 
Bfflilhi and jtiwellcrs in this Ciiy, who use in tlte proscculion 
of their busioesc a' large quantity of water daily. 8ome of 
them are supplied &otn wells on their own premises. Oo? 
house, who uses 100 gallons per day, would willingly abRodoQ 
their well, and pay for water delivered on the premises flOO 
per annum. Type and stereotype founders, about ten. who 
would be willing to pay about 92£> per annum. Tho general 
Average of the whole would be about SOO per year for each. 

8. Bakeuousus. There arc, as near as could be ascertain- 
ed, 267 bakehouses, each of which consume a considerable 
quantity »f water per day, and would be willing to pay ten 
dollars per annum for a supply. But, as the Manhattan Com- 
pany cliarge ten dollars for each oven used by a baker, and u 
many of them employ more than one, the Commissioners have 
fixed the rate at 812 per aimum. 

8. Hattbbb. There appears to Ijc but few hat manufac- 
tories in this City, the business of making hat bodies being 
generally transacted in the country, where a plentiful supply 
of water may be obtained. The number of fmisbing estab- 
lishments is about 73, who would be willing to pay 615 per 
annum, each. 

Do- No. II 

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Doc. No, 44.) 

14. DisnixEsi. By the New-York Annual Register, it 
would appear Iherc are 63 distillers in this City; this, how- 
ever, muEt include both aniall, such as cordial distillers, anil 
also the large establishnKnts ; and wc have, therefore, adopted 
an average rate of one hundred dullars, although we are in- 
formed, it costs the large establish men Is from five hundred to 
one thousand dollars annually. Mr. Cram, who is engaged 
largely in the business, stated to one of the Commissioners, 
that he would gladly pay for the wrater used in his distillerr, 
which is about five hundred hogsheads daily, one tbousaod dol- 
lars per year, and that he was satisfied several others ia the 
same business with himself, would find it their interest to do the 

15. pRiNTimn OiTiCEs, From tJie same source, vii. the 
Annual Register, wc derive the information that there are 
about 178 of these oSicss, which we have presumed would be 
willing to pay ten dollars each, for a supply of pure and whole- 
some water. 

16. Steam Enoines. There are sixty of these mscJiines 
used for various mechanical purposes in this City, exclusive 
of those employed in raising water for distilleries, sugai- re- 
finers and marble raanufacturerB, which are. included under 
their proper heads. They consume about 45,000 gallons of 
water dally, which would be equal to the allowance of 180 
gallons per diem to 260 families. The average which ought 
to be paid for each engini; is about thirty -five dollars araiuaUy. 

17. Slauohter HotTsKs. It appears there are about two 
hundred and thirty-seven butchers in this City, and about one 
hundred slaughter houses, which we have presumed would 
be willing to pay the same price for n supply of water, as that 
ohargod in Philadelphia, which is twelve dollars per an- 

1". SoAi- Attn Canulk FicToarEs. There are but 59 of 
these establishments in the City. Some of them pay one dol- 
lar per day for pumping water from wells, which would 
amount to more than three hundred dollars per year; while 
others say, it docs not cost them more than forty dollars per 


(Doc. No. 44. 

Xuuim. Wa have taken the average, which they .would be 
willing to pay, at sixty dollars. 

19. Pouter Cbllars. We are able to discover only ten 
ofibese establishments, and (hey use but a moderate quantity 
of water, and would be willing to pay not exceeding tnn dol- 
lars per annum for a supply. 

20. Marble and Stong Cuttehs. Wc have ascertained 
that there are ten manufacturers of marble, who use, OD an 
tvontge, about 400 gallons of water each per day. Their 
present supply is obtained Irom wells on their premises; but 
they would willingly abandon the wells, and pay one hundred 
dollars per annum, for a supply delivered si their establish- 
ments. There are also thirly-lhree stone cutting establish* 
_ineot9, which use, on an average, fifty gallons of water per 
ly, and would willingly pay fifteen dollars per annum for a 
ipply. The average for the forty-three is about thirty-fiT« 
lilan per year for each, 

School-houses. There are twelve public schools, 

KDty-three primary, and seven African free schools. There 

I also twenty-six classical schools. These schools, the 

rCoRimissioners have presumed, would willingly pay at the 

L^NUe of five cents per day for a supply of wholesome water to 

"leir pupils, or fifteen dollars per year. 

S3. Lakob Hotels. The Register for 1834, gives the 

mber of fifty-six; but our information is, that there are 

KfUt forty of these establishments, which consume from 100 

k 800 gallons of water per day, which is supplied by the wa- 

r carriers, at two cents the bucket, or one dollar twenly- 

I^Te cents the hogshead, amounting annually from fifty dollars 

r lour hundred dollars. Some of these hotels are supplied 

jrthe persons who serve them with milk, by which they ob- 

a water on more moderate terms than others. Tammany 

Bn1I> where there is a hogshead a day consumed, and which 

Kild cost, in the ordinary way, rising four hundred dollars 

r annum, pays the milkman seventy-two dollars, and the 

Manhattan Company forty dollars, making a total of only one 

Washington Hotel ii ■uoolk 

tHc.Ho. 44.) 890 

in the same mnniier. The Commissioners think, howevor, 
ihey may safely place the average fRte for Urge holeis a1on« 
huadrod and fifty dollars per nnnum. 

fiS. BoARuna-HiiusKs. Tlicro arc about 240 of lliese et- 
tsblishments. which must consume an extra quantity of water 
each day, and fur which they ought to pay ten dollart per 

24, BoARniNG-scKonu. Tiie Register so oflen referred to, 
informs us, Iher? arc iwouty-two female seminaries in this 
City, most of which, if not ail of them, board the whole 
or a part of the siudents, and they will, iherel'oro, require 
an extra supply of water. We. havi;, accordingly, placed 
the anniiBl charge at ten dollars, something higher ihaa thai 
far a single family. 

S5. VicTr\i.uiia AND HErECToar Hoirsas. Than ap- 
paars to be about one hundred of these house? in this City. 
which must use a considerable quantity of water daily, and 
the Commi^ioners have presumed, that twenty-live dol- 
lara per annum wouid be a moderate charge to those estah- 
lishmeiits, for supplying them with a wholesome and pure 

SO. SiUFFiNO. We hoi-e been informed at the Custom 
House, that there are about 1034 clearances for foreign 
ports, and about 8G00 cosstina; clearances during the year : 
iha former pay for water, per annum, as nenr as vre oould 
Jearn, from ten to fifty dollars eai;lj, and the latter, from one 
lo three dollars each, making n genera! average of the whole 
about eight dollars for each vessel per annum. 

27, G\s WosKs. There ore but two of these eslabliab 
ments, the New- York Gas Light, and the Manhattan Gas 
Light Company. The quantity of water used by the New- 
York Gas Light Company, is 30,000 gallons daily. Tlicy 
are, at present, supplied from a well on tiieir own premises, 
tlie water beiug raised bj' the power of steam, at an expense 
of eight hundred dollars per annum, exclusive of the intercut 

k^n t^Joat Jf engip e . fe e W« tutve, therefor?. 5sttdihftM^_ 

(Doc. No. 44. 

« paid b>' ihese cumpanieG, at one thousand dollars per 

3S. Cbbxical Mancfaijtouy. There is but one of these 
eslablishmeots in this City, known to the Commissiooers. 
The company use large quantities of water, partly obtained 
ia ibe same majiner as at the gas works, but, as it is staled, 
at an expense of about six hundred dollars per annum. We 
have, accordingly, Jixed the rate at eight hundred dollars. 

It is upon these dala, which the l.'oramissioners have at- 
tempted to elucidale, they have founded their cabulations and 
Opinions, that when the project shall have been completed, the 
Ifsotual receipts will more than pay the interest on the ca- 
sxpended, and the annual cost of attending the works ; 
, in due time, leave a surplus for the redemption of the 
ibt that may be incurred. 

a opinion is gaining ground with many, of those who re- 
jkire large quantities of water for conducting their bueioesi. 
Mtlhe supply on this island is annually diminishing. The 
mmissioners have understood thai, at the chemical wnrke 
■-the Nnrlh Kiver, at 33d street, and at an extensive turpen- 
> distillery on ihc East Hiver, some distance above the 
fl House, w.iier cannot be procured in sufficient quan- 
f ftam the large wells on their premises, where, but a lew 
nri past, it was obtained in abundance; and, consequently. 
ley are bow compelled lo cart a portion of their water from 
■tant place on the ielnnd. At the gas works, situated on 
e Coileci grounds, where they have a well twenty feet in 
lepih, by eighteen feet In diameter, which, until the present 
!8son, furnished water freely, enabling the engine to raise 
(KOOO gallons in ten hours, row requires foiirleen to sixteen 
B to raise the same quantity; and in order to continue 
E supply, it has been found necessary to return the water to 
e well, after using it forcondensing the gas. The Commis- 
lersare also infomied, that the Corporation well on ISth 
set, which formerly yielded 120,000 gallons of water each 
hy, will now only produce from five to ten thousand. To 
mady tbi* evil, a well has been sunk at Jefi«raon Market, 



Doc. No. 44.) 


which hns deprived most of ihe wells in that vicinity, oi 
water; thus drying up one source of supply, in order to in- 
crease thai of another. These are important facts, and ought 
not to be lost sight of by the municipal authorities, or by the 
people of this metropoiis. 

The CommisBioners have experie need some difficulty in as- 
certaining, during their inquiries, ihc quantity of water used, 
and the price that would willingly be paid for a supply by 
certain estabhshments, arising from a fear in those inquired 
ot, that full and correct infi)rmalion might opeiaie to increase 
the rale of charge upon those communicating it ; and it may 
be proper, therefore, to keep this fact in view, while examin- 
ing the foregoing table of rates. But whatever may have 
been the difierent opinions expressed as to the rate which 
ought to be charged, (here appeared no difference in seati* 
noeot as to the propriety, ulilily and necessity of procuring a 
supply of good and wholesome waler for this City. Ai Isr 
as the information of the Commissioners citends, all are in 
favor of the project. 

That there are many establishments in this City, which 
have escaped the notice of the Commissioners, and which 
would readily lake the water, should the project be car- 
ried into effect. Is by no means improbable; and that there 
would bo numerous manufacturing eslablishmenls rising up in 
the suburbs of this City, if s sufficient supply could be ob 
tained, can hardly be doubted by any. This, then, ia an ad- 
ditional consideration to be kept in view, while estimating the 
future receipts that may accrue to the City on the completion 
of the worka. 

It will probably require a few years afler the worka shall 
be completed, before the income will meet the interest on the 
capital expended. This is the natural result of all new un- 
dertakings. The doubts entertained of ihoir utility, always 
retard their general use, until time and observation convince 
the public of their advantages and benefit. This was, in a mea- 
sure at least, the case on the application of steam power to 
tlM propelling of vessels; on the use of gas in lighting our 


(Doc. No. 44, 


iouseaand slreelE, and on the firGt construction of canals and 
nrif roads. Strong dotibts were entertained of their succesa, 
wd some lime was required before the public prejudice 
(■ould be allayed. They eventually succeeded, however, 
:md are now among the most prominent improvements of 
(tie age. 

We are informed, that when Hugh Middleton, llie pro- 
jector of the New River Water Works, applied to the Cor- 
(wruioa of London, for a transfer of the power granted iham 
by Parliament, to supply the City with pure water, they rea- 
dily made the transler, but privately laughed at him for un- 
dertaking what thev deemed visionary, if not impracticable. 
P(Mlerily, however, enjoy the benefit and ndvantage of this 
great work, eSecled through the perseverance nf an indivi- 
il. and the Corporation having lost their birthright, are 
only bereft of the credit, as well as the privilege and 
itrol, but the profit of the project also. 
The receipt of the Fairmount Works, at Philadelphia, al- 
though they have been in operation a number of years, have 
aol, as yet, paid the annual expenditure. That City, however. 
Ips adopted ihc true principle in this matter, namely, that 
kaUb is of more value to the citizen than gold, and they have 
■Bcordingly furnished the water in abundance, and on the 
MMtreaaonable terms, depending on annual loans for complet- 
pg the works, and on taxes, to phy any deficiency in the in- 
Purest on tlic debt thus created, rather than resort to an 
■Icrease of the assessment upon iboEc who use the water. 
»■ A work of this nature is a boon to posterily of the first 
■pagnitude; and it is but reasonable and just, therefore, as 
Ikey will reap the benefit of the project, and be enabled, 
■k the population increases, and the income augments, to 
Hacharge the debt, without inconvenience, that the first cost 
■f the works should remain a lien on those who succeed 
lks< The only obligation on the present generation, in con- 
Wructing a work of this magnitude and importance, is, thet 
Whej pay the interest on the debt incurred, leaving the pHii- 
■Jnel lobe provided for b^ tiime whocpnrfc iftgMhgm^'^j^ 


Doc. No. 44) .'104 

The Fairmounl Works are rapidly npproachtn^ tttttfttts; 
when their iocomc will, at ieaat, pay (he interest on Ibedebl. 
if not all necessary nnnunl expenditures ; and, in onier tltll 
the CommoR Council iray be eoabled lo form a judgnWDltby 
what hat been eflected at those works, of what inay iMwn- 
ably be expected here, should the project of supplying ttw 
City with pure and wbblosomc water, be carrieil into dfeci, 
the ComraiiaioDors have compiled, from reports furouliad 
them by Mr. GraS; the following table, shewing Lbe ioenu* 
in tlio number of waler takers annually, and the revemteu- 
cuivcd each year, from 1828 to 1833 inclusive. 

No. of 

Annual in- 

Ami. ol Cash 

Ann. iocr. 



crease of wa- 

recOTved each 



ter Ukers. 





«51,019 75 




50.7 M 70 

•5.695 a 




63,013 75 

6.998 96 




70,403 75 

6,7»J 00 




77,5*i7 75 

7.164 00 




85.153 00 

7,585 2i 

By the foregoing; table it apj^uis tbal the nuniber ot' water 
takers in 1828 was 8,709, wlien, in 1833, they aoMwnled to 
I.S,5S4, bein^ bd increase of 4,815 ; und ihc income in 183S 
was only 851,019 75, while, in 1833, it amounted to $89,- 
153 ; having increased in five years $34,1 -iS 25, or on au av' 
erage 96,826 65 per annum. That there wil! be no dininu- 
tion of this annual increase lor many years lo come, i* 
evinced by the fact, that not more than one half of the popu- 
lation of the districts are now supplied, and scarce a moiety 
of the dwellings of the Ciiy proper lake the water on lbe 
premises. We have been informed, since the foregoing table 
was compiled, that orders have been received at the office 01 
the Superintendent of the works, lo extend the condojl pipes 
to the district of Kensington, which conlalns a population 01 
about fourteen thousand inhabilaots. 


(Poc. No. 44 

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Doe. No. 44.) 306 

allhtrigh the injurious elTccti may not be perceptible to pir- 
(Oiw in llio full vij^or of hralth, ii must be very pernicious lo 
thote of dyspeptic holiit, or of weak digestion. Tlmt iJtb ia 
not chimerical, the fiillowing cxiracts from opinions of aiH 
nent physicians, botb in Europe and our own country ^^H 
show. '^H 

Doctor Griffiths says : — With regard to tim water we oae, 
we cannot be loo scrupulous, the purity of ibii clement bciflf 
almost of equal imporiance to ui with llic air we breathe. 

Drtctor F. H/iff'man : — If There is in nnturc, a medicine that 
deserves the name of univcrsn), it is, in my opinion, common 
water, uf the best and purest kind. The use of this is 
general, and so nccrssary to us nil, ihnl we can neither 
or preserve our bcdies sound and henkhy without it 

M. Cubiinii: — Water loaded with vegetable matter, 
with earthy substances, acts in n very pernicious manner on 
the stomach nnd other organs of digestion. The use of it 
produces diHercnt kinds of diseases, both acute and chroni- 
cal; all of them accompanied with a remarkable state of 
atony or relaxation, and a great debility of the ncrroua »yi- 

The following extracts are from opinions of the ronsulting 
physicians of Boalon, furnisliccl at the request of the Mayor 
of that City. 

Doctor Warren says :— Prom inquiries, 1 can rtalc as a 
result to be relied on, ihnl the wnlRr commonly used is apt 
lo produce and maintain disorders of the stomach and diges- 
tive orgaiis, and that there arc eases of these aficciioDS 
which cannot be removed, so long as its osc is cunlinucd. 
The operation on articles of fi)od subjected to the nction of 
brackish or s.'.lino wuter, must be lo some extent injuri<«is, 
Vegetable food, especially, when prepared in this way, ia un- 
wholesome, and may be a cuusc of positive disease. 

Doctor Shurtleff: — 1 believe the water from our wells li 
in a degree unwholesome, predisposing some to calculous and 
others to bilious disorders. The rain water is not fit fur use. 
Tbe loot and other impurities on ihe roofs ibicksait, and the 


S97 (Doc. No. 44. 

leaves dj-o it in such a way thai it will hardly do lo wash 

DiKlnr Huyward: — In scvcal cnses of obstinate and long 
Handing affeclions of ilie stomach and bovfcls, 1 have directed 

s patient to use soft water, instead of the hard well water, 
ind have been satisfied that the change has produced a very 
ivorabic cficct. 

Doctor Jtandal! :— There is, of couirc, at all times in our 
Wly, a *ast number of persons, who arc sufferers from our 
btine water, a great pruporlion of whom would be relieved 
if iheir troubles by the inlroductioti of pure country water; 
ind this reason alone, in my mind is sufficient to warrant iha 
KKpense of its introduction. 

Offclor Sh'jltuck : — As tabor has built the City, and M 
kb6r now maintains the City, I would th;ii the City refresh 
ler'kborcrs wiih a full supply of the article as furnished by 
lie mountain stream, provided such water can be found and 
tonveyuJ lo the (^ty within its convenient means. Let tho 
toople have this relrcahmcnt, with the addition of pure air, 
Und all is dnnc ihiit men can do, to prevent epidemic disease. 
Pulling aside human life and human contfurt, one sweeping 
Epidemic may injure the properly of tlic City to a greater 
Uiiount than the entire cost of on aqueduct to supply the 
dty wiih pure water. 

" When llie dysentery raged violently in ihc old barracks 
I thcCity of C'ork,lhccareof the sick was entrusted to Mr. 
Ml, a sorgenn of that City. Tho troops were supplied with 
Irster from the river l^c, which, in passing through the 
Sity, receives the contents of tho seWers and the huuscs, and 
t brackish from the tide which descends into the chnnncl. 
Hr. Bell suspt'cied that the walcr might have caused ihe 
Syscntery, and he therefore employed a number of water 
larts to bring v/nlor for ihc troops from a spring at a distance, 
and at the same time prohibited the use of ihc water from 
the river. From this simple, but judicious arrangeiucnt, the 
Uyseniery very shortly disappeared fiom among the troops." 

The disease with which the inhabitants of this City was 

Doc. No. 44.) 

rfiiicted ia 1832 and 1884, is said to be in almost every case 
preceded by dysentery ; and if the quality of the water used 
by the soldiers in Cork was the cause of that disease among 
them, why may not the same quality of water, when used in 
this City, have the same effect in producing what was termed 
the premonitory symptoms with us ? That the most of the 
water from our wells and pumps receives the drainings of 
numerous sinks and cistpools, which filtrate through the 
earth, and poison the springs, causing the water to be brack- 
isli, must be admitted ; and that it contains much earthy and 
foreign matter held in solution, as proved by the analysis of 
Mr. Chilton, already referred to. The constant use of this 
fluid, therefore, must be more or less injurious to health, and 
is as likely to have been one of the causes of cholera in 
Now- York as it was of dysentery in the City of Cork. Why 
is it that the City of Philadelphia dxperitnccd so little of this 
disease, while it raged with so much violence with us 7 The 
only way we can account for this difference in the health of 
the two Cities is, that Philadelphia is supplied with abun- 
dance of pure and wholesome water, not only for drinking 
and culinary purposes, but for bathing, and fur washing the 
streets of the whole Cilv, while New- York is entirely dcsti- 
tute of the means for eflectiiig any of these purposes. It is 
slated by Mr. Graff", the SuporiniencJentof the Water Works, 
that during the months of July and August last, the quantity 
of water supplied amounted to seven millions of gallons 
daily, when the ordinary supply did not exceed four millions. 
No disagreeable odour assails the persons who pass through 
the streets of that City ; every thing calculated to annoy the 
senses is swept away by the running stream ; but, in New- 
York, a person coming in the City from the pure air of the 
country, is compelled to hold his breath, or make use of some 
perfume to break off* the disagreeable smell arising from the 

The quantity of water, in order to be effectual, in preserv- 
ing the City from disease, must not be limited to the ordina- 
ry wants of domestic consumption merely, nor ought it bo 

399 (Doc. No. 44. 

itrrctci to the poor, or those in motieratc circumstances, by 
high charge fur its use ; but on the contrary, ihe (juantily 
ippltcd should be abundiinr, the fiuality good, the cost mod- 
Qtc, and to the poor gratis. 

^,Ju order to effect the albresaid object, a portion of the 
terest, at least, on the capital necessary to complete Ihc 
■ojcct, and the nnnual expense attending the delivery of the 
aier, should be paid by a tax on the real and personal 
italc of Ihc City, in ihe same manner that the watching, 

thting and repairing the streets and runds, arc paid ; or as 
expense of the pulicc, criminal courts, board of health 
I public soIiodIs are paid. These are matters in which the 
ir man partakes C'lually with his rich neighbor, all being 

roper and ueccssary municipal expenses f^r preserving the 
health, romtbrt and morals of ihe community ; and arc 
' no greater importance in a public point of view, than a 
ipious supply of pure and wholesome water, an clement od- 

lille^ on all hands to be as necessary as any of the munici- 
i1 measures we have cnumeruled. 

We spend millions for erecting and ornamenting our pub- 
s buildings, while a fourth of the money, would raise struc* 
ires equally convenient, but not equally ornamental. We 

pen public squares, and enlarge and widen our streets, at an 
imcnse expense, in order to increase the health, convenience 
id beauty of the City; all of which n",ight be saved, if wc 
ere content to live, as our ancestors did, in narrow streets, 
ithout parks, squares or public places. In thus adding to 
jB convenience and beauty of the City, however, and in- 
"easing its salubrity, we act wisely, because it improves the 
mllh, accommodation and comfort of ihe inhahilanis ; but 
ilh the most unaccountable inconsistency, we submit to the 
le of water which entails upon its recipicnis more insidious 
rila than narrow streets, plain buildings, or closed parks and 

i|iiares. merely because the cost of procuring a pure and 
irtiolesome article may add to our taxes a few cents on each 
rndrcd dollars of properly annually. 
'I'he Commissiouers have used every means within their 




Dod. No. 44.) 4dD 

power to eomplete their report and pretent it at a modm 
earlier day than the present ; but owing to the inability o# 
the engineers to finish tlieir surveys and examinations by ib^ 
time stipulated in their agreement, the delay had been una- 
voidable, and can now only be remedied by the undivjdedL 
attention-and early decision of the two boards of Commoim. 

The bad quality of our common well water ; the fact that 
the supply from the usual source is annually lessening, and the 
very great destruction of property by the late fires, owing 
mainly to the want of a full supply of water, arc urgent con- 
sidera ions for a prompt action on this subject by the Com- 
mon Council, in order that the question may be submitted to 
the decision of the people, at the charter election to bo held 
on the second Tucsdny cf April next. 

The papers accompanying this report, arc: 

1. Report from David B. Douglas?, Esq. 

2. Ueport from John Marlineau, Esq. 

3. Report from G. W. Cartwright, Esq. 

4. Communication from Albert Stciii, Esq. 

5. Letter from D. I. Rhodes, referred to by our report. 
0. Communication from Mr. Joiin Hunter. 

7. Communication from Mr. Bradford Scvmour. 
3. Estimate of tlic number of building lots south of 21st 

0. Report of U. Wenman, Esq. 

The Commissioners have deposited in the office of the 
Street Commissioner : 

1. Map and profile of the route proposed, by D. B. Doug- 

2. Map and profile of the route proposed by J. Martincau, 

3. Map, hy G. W. Carlwriglit, of the land that will be over- 
flowed by the erection of a darn at Garrelson's Mill. 

4. Map of the City, containing the front width of each 
block of ground south of 21st street. 


(Doc No. 44 

6. Map of the City, dsignating the mains and conduit pipes 
iMcessary for supplying the several parts of the City with 
Ike water. All which is respectfully submitted. 


IVew-York, February 16, 1686. 






I Commusionersfor sup- 
[plj/iiig the Citi/ of 
riSem-i'ork uiith pure. 
Y and wliahsome water. 

H. W. FOX. 
Kntlexen : — 

■obedience to your requirements, I have now the y 
wt to lay before you the annexed plans and estimates, 
fiber with the following report on the location and 
Inaction of an aqueduct from Crotoo River to the 
k of New-York. 
B ay report formerly submitted, relative to this sub- o","£l"I,'^ 
jjllgave an outline of the preiiminary examinations, "P"". 
Ik had just then been made under the direction of the 
■I, for th4 purpose of elucidating in general all the 
fett sources from which supplies of water might be 
|ped in the neighboring counties of Westchester and 
Bim. These examinations of course embraced the 
iRion, character and capacity of all the principaJ 
IflM, the elevation of their beds, the quality of their 
In, and the various routes by which it might be 
bit practicable to conduct either or any of them to 
Hly. and it resulted from them, among other less im- 
■nt particulars, 

K .That the water ot the Bronx and the other streams 
PsBame drainage running south, although unexcep- 
kUe in point of <(uality, were loo limited in quantity, 
fas requisite elevation, to be depended upon for sup- 

'g.the multiplied and rapidly increasing wants of this 

\ That the same waters taken, even at a lower level, 
o avail oftheir utmost capacity in the respect men* 

I, were still not wholly free from doubt ; and at Jail 
llf would require the intervention of steam power to 
e them to the necessary height for distribution and use. 


Doc. No. 44.] 404 

3d. That the waters of the Croton, equally as pare 9m ^ 
those just mentioned, were fully and unquestionably ad»- ; 
quato to the proposed supply, at all seasons of the ycarw \ 
and at any needful elevation, without the aid ofsleans • 
or any other extraneous power. 

4th. That the latter water, far from being unavailabb '■ 
on account of the difRculty of the intervening groaodp ^ 
could be safely and certainly conducted to the City hf : 
either of two modes which were described, and, apen ' 
which the details of construction, were so far aaccrtaiaed j 
as to afford the data for n maximum estimate, beyood 
which it was presumed the expense of construction wooU 
not go. 

Thus far, these surveys were of a preliminary natun, 

and having in this stage received the sanction of the 

CXjeetefthiire- Board, the next step to the natural order, was to nwlie 

out, by a more particular course of examination, the d^ 
tails of location and construction for the aqueduct or con- 
duit from the Croton to the City, and to this object there- 
fore, the operations of the recent campaign, under the 
further instructions of the Board, \vcre especially direct- 
ed, that is tosav : 

1st. With regard to the location and construction of 
the dam and other works conncclcd with the head rcaer* 
voir on the Croton. 
Location nf tiic In thc preliminary report the location of the dam fw 
Ion?"" '*^*^'"' thc Hudson River route, was assumed provisionally at 
AtMuKooirtp. Muscoot rapid, near the hill of that name, eleven miles 
>*!■• from thc mouth of thc Croton, Tiic river at that point 

is compressed into a narrow channel, bounded on either 
hand by bold shores, favourable in every respect for the 
proposed construction, and it w^is asceriaincd that a dam 
in this position of the height of 14 feet, would afford an 
Aggregate head of 175 feet above tide. 

Five and a half miles further down, thc river having 
At c-rreiion'i ^^sccndcd 38 feet, flows through another pass of a simi- 
Faiu/ lar character at Garretsoii's Mill, not diflering greatly in 

width from that just mentioned, and equally well calculat- 


I>oc Xo. 44 

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. No. 44.] 40ii 

iDthifpUce,a few general results, which will sufficiciitif 
eluoid&ie the conclusion to which I have arrived. 

The dam at Muscoot Hill, with the particular hng^iof 
14 feetigivca, as has already been stated, an aggiqiata of 
1 "}& feet for the graduation of the reservoir at that pkoe : 
wliich enables us to appropriate about 60 feet of ftU to 
the cnlirc length of conduit, say 47 miles, or abootooe 
fool three inches per mile. This was the grade tuiifon&If 
adopted fortlie location of the former report; but iqwai 
re-examination of the data, I think it a preferable BTTai)2» 
mcnt to construct the first live and a half miles of dlit lo- 
cation, through the alluvial bottoms, as an opea channd* 
way.aftcr the manner of the annexed diagram No. S, with 
a fall of nine inches per mile. This would enable ui lo 
throw into the remaining 41^ miles, a declivity of one 
foot and four inches per mile, the proper channel for 
which, is exhibited in the diagram No. I. Accordingly 
this arrangement, I have estimated anew the aquediiC 
line connected with the reservoir at Muscoot Hill, and 
in running up the items of difference which are to be 
debited to this plan, I find them amounting to an aggre- 
gate of »304,750 00. 
I With regard to the construction originating at Garrtt- 
son's Mill, ! have assumed the height of its reservoir, after" 
a variety of trials, at 155^ feet above tide, which malted 
the extreme height of the dam above the bed of the river 
S3 feet. Above this height, the extent of drowned land, 
Mild the amount of damages done to buildings, mills, roads, 
bridges, &c. begins to increase very rapidly. And if 
we should go to tlie extreme of adopting the gradoalion 
of the Muscoot line at this point, say 171 feet, the reser- 
voir, in the medium and higher stales of the water, would 
back over an extent of more than nine hundred acres of 
surface, including the present riverbed. 

In adverting to this subject, it is proper to remark, that 
the extent of ground inundated by erections of this kind, 
in large running streams, is by no means ascertained bj' 
the extension of a level surface through the lip of the dam. 
The water continues running, of course, afier ths dan ii 

[Doc. No. H. 

mstructed as well aa before, and the velocity with which 
runs, is due, according to the ascorlainod principles' of 
unning water, to a parlictilav inclination of surface, (there 
ao be no current without inclination,) and it is this in- 
Jined surface, therefore, which determines the extent of 
k water. 
Applying then, ascertained principles to the case in 
lestion, we find that a dam of the height suggested, 
oald not only inundate a wide extent of valuable hot- 
m land below Muscoot Hill, but would actually, in the 
opposed state of the water, throw up an additional 
bplh of several feel above that position.'so as to cover all 
\e low flats about the mouth of Cross River, aud to some 
listance above. Witliin these limiia are embraced a con - 
rable amount of mill property, several valuable build- 
ngs, several miles of road, sites of bridges, and various 
Uher improvements, which it can scarcely be necessary 
D pjniicularisc further, to show the infeasibility of such 
1 construction. 
Should we, on the other hand, adopt a much loner 
raduation than that named, say 140 feet above tide, it 
rould be necessary in that case, so to increase the di- 
Densions of the conduit as would enhance tlie expenses 
f Us construction nearly one-third. 

Between these extremes, the mean of 155^ feet has 
wen chosen as before stated, which gives an extent of 
eservoir not exceeding 200 acres; an amount of damages 
lomparativety unimportant, and a disposable head of one 
Wt per mile^ for the channel-way of the conduit, from 
lie dam to the City. Finally, making out tlie details and 
■timates, according to the data, it appears that the va- 
s items which give differences against this arrange- 
I; in comparison with that of darning at Muscoot l^^, 
[ill, amount to 8212800. which being deducted from 
le counter estimate of 9304,750, shows a conclusive 
alanCG of891,050it]favorof Gatretson's Mill. 

A single remark on the relations of this position to the 

iver below, will close this branch of the report, and in- 

e us to the location of the conduit. From Garret- 

. No. 44.] 



i-'Cro- ion'» Mill downward, ihe bed of the Crolon H 

pidly, 126 fijei lo the tide level of the Hudson, in the di»- 
lance of about five miles, nr at the average nie of, say 25 
feet per mile, which would be ihc increment of " " 
therefore, for a dam at any lower point, gi^tog the 
advantage of head. The widlh of the valtej is found 
lo be increased in a corresponding ratio, ani as the pi 
cipic of strength requires that ihe dimension of tlie aintc- 
ture in llie line of the strc.n:) sliould be fully proportioned 
10 the height, it results, llint ihc mass of iie dam thus 
increased in its three dimensions, will be determined by 
the cube of its height, and that ils cost, ihercforo, inde- 
pendently of the new item of lands and damages, must! 
nearly in the same ratio. A few calrulalioos upon 
principles, justifies the inference ihal the poiillon at 
rctson's Mill, being at ihe head of the steep rapids of tl 
river, is the most natural, as well as the mart economical 
and safe location for ihe dam. A variation, however, ia 
this point of detail, would not otherwise inlericro with! 
location of the conduit about to be described. 

r ditjin- The particular disposition of the dam in the I< 
chosen is, at Iho narrowest part of the river below 
mill, abutting upon a substantial bold shore on the north 
side, and upon solid rock on the south. Connecied with 
the latter abutment, it is proposed to construct the fore 
bay and gatehouse, wiih iheir appurtenances, and at tliis 
point the location of the conduit commences. 

■a till The trace, and all the particular circumstances of the 
location down the valley of the Crolon, and llience along 
the margin of the Hudson towards the City, ire sn (\iUy 
developed in the annexed plan and profile, that it cannot 
be necessary to describe them very minutely ,n the body 
of this report. In the valley of the Crolon, and generally 
on all the parts of the route above Greensburg. it tra- 
verses the same range of slopes as the Hudson River 
route of the former report, varying, however, in some of 
its details, in consequence of its being somewhat 
00 the declivity. 

say 25 


e pri^^ 
! aintc- 
m thus 
led by 
, inde- 


vcr, in 

•tow 1^^^ 


[Doc. No. 44. 



It inBtancG of this kind worthy of notice, occura H' 
3 mouth of the Crolon, where, in passing the high ti 
d called Tompkins Hill, il was found necessary 
to incur the construction of a short tunnel, and the iraco 
has, thcrefure, been carried ;hrough the hill, on the shurt- 
est line, without regard to the height of the ridge above 
it, which will account for the boldness of the proBle at 
this place! A siirilar instance occurs in passing Sing And *iS1n|Sui( 
Sing, cutting through the ridge on which the Stale House 
(so called) stonds. Both these features might have been 
avoided by long circuits round the face of the respective 
headland, but with such an increase of distance and other 
contingencies, as to render entirely unquestionable the 
economy of ihe tunnel arrangemenL In the Sing Sing 
instance, for example, the additional distance for a sur- 
face location, would have been five-eights ol a mile, and 
that not without other occasions of heavy incidental ex- 

Sfbeso and sonic other instances of a like kind, exhibit kiii Brook «l 
icreascd estimate, in consequence ol the lower gradu- ^'"^ ***' 
But in other cases, as in crossing the various 
l^ams and valleys by which the line is intersected, the -"^H 

expense is ameliorated. The crossing at Kill Brook at ^H 

ijing Sing, is less formidable than hy the former location ; 4H 

t of Sleepy Hollow (see sketch No. 9.) in like man- sic«py Hollow 
■; and the same effect is experienced at Jewel's Brook, i^',Jcei"iii!i"" 
■brook at Greensburg, and at other similar localities. ""'' U'«niburg, 
^tie most considerable variation from ihc old route Vjiriitim from 
s after passing Greensburg. Here, in consequence I.e'io'iv'QOTt"^." 
c reduction of grade, it was found inexpedient to fol- """S- 
I tbo line of deep cutting, by which that route was 
i into llic valley of the Saw Mill ; and from this 
bt, ihorefore, a new series of elementary examination, Re^„minuioM 
i carried down the margin of die H udson to Yonkers, ^""" ,^'J*"cii 
\ finally, over all the ground from Yonkers to tlie 

From the vicinity of Greensburg to Yonkers, those Loeaiioo ii Yon. 
oiinations resulted in a very favorable location along ^'"* 
I tcargia of the Hudson; but from the latter place it 

■Doc. No. 44.] 110 ^^ 

bccairifi necesmry to make a t^onstdenible detour up ihs 

Suw Mill, in order to reconnect the line with the fonner 

Aii«rniiri>* la locaijon in thc vnlley o( Tibbil's Brook i and Uiia rJreoni- 

Braa'ra'ii'u stance intloced me to oltcnipt a new location lo a more 

direct line, southerly from Yonkcrs to the Cjly. 

Upon examination there seemed a possibility of accom- 
plithing thi», by either of the routes, viz: in the first place, 
by s hnc crossing the Saw Mill nt Yonkcrs, and ninniDg 
about a mile down the rocky ridge below that place ; 
thence turning to the left, round the southern extremity 
Br 'ti« FiofBt °^ ^^^^ *"* called tho Finger Ends, and so uniting wilh 
End! the old lino on the east side of Tibbil's Brook. 

And br Kiogt- Sccondlv, following the same route, oicopt turning to 
btid|«. the right instead of the left, at the sonthem extremitv (rf 

the first finger, and crossing llie vnlley between that 
extremity and the head of Van Cortland's ridge. TTia 
western slope of" this ridge then sustains the level foror- 
ably to tho crossing of Spuylen Duyvoi Creek, wfucfa 
occurs near tho Hudson, and proves rather narrower on 
this route than the corresponding crossing of the oli 
■inHiiM tif location. Souih of the Spuylen Duy vei, ihe same cha- 
racter of location is resumed along the bank of the Hud- 
son, and after crossing thc Wind-gap, this line finally 
unites with the old trace, a shctrl distance above Man- 
haltanville, as indicated on thc plan and profile. 
n Thc examination of these routes was performed JaitTO- 
' menially, and with every requisite precaution, paiticularly 
the latter, which seemed most likely to enter intoaA- 
vorable comparison witli the more circuitous nraM hj 
Tibbil's Brook ; and for thc purpose of making this com- 
parison with strictness, the last mentioned route was alto 
thoroughly re-examined and retraced, in connection with 
the new location by Yonkers, tlwt is to say — resueruDg 
this location on the slope of the Hudson above Yonken, 
it enters the valley of thc Saw Mill, by a dee;" cut or 
tunnel, near the Methodist Church; after wh:;.i, it If* 
cends tho valley along the north slope, to a very favw- 
able point for crossing the Saw Mill, near Morrison'! 
Mill, (see sketch No. 10.) A little way beyond this, it 

the tunnel by which it jctnins the valley of Tihbit's 
Irook, emerging into ihi: lauer, nearly on llie line of ilic 



«l route. 

'. Tba cnntinualion of lliis lino rfonn ihc valley of Tib- J^'Z'\,}^^ 
"l'< Brook, iici-J not be very niiimtely particularised here. Lm'* Hmok. 
**t follows the Enmc svElnn of flopca as iho old linei 
'Wilh a graduatiiin railicr ficlnw, which seemed, in some 
lances, lonpenile favorably upon the expenses of con- 
Thc gradfi of ibe present line, howLiver, dr- 
Bending less rapidly than that uf ibc former, iipproxt- 
ilea to it, and im roachinc Uathpatcs' Phins. is found ['|"''' 
I very favorable relation indeed tfi ibc surface of ihc 
md on ibar ranpo, alicr which, ibc two locations are 
lariy identical to the cnisainjj of llarlacm Kiver and 
The crossing: of ITailaem rivor, by this rou'o. was re- fj°"\'] 

mined in the course offiurnporn lions, and irin's made 
itwo new locaiidns. theeomitiirisin of wbiirh. however, 
y confirmed ibo litc^iinii :n Jicaicd in my former rc[x>rt. 
te sketch No. 1 1 and \2.) 
^be general cimpar'snn oflhrBe two rouIOB just do- •\',J"t^'„ 
ribcd, may now be statcil as follows, viu : — in the first V:!!" "' 
!. comparing iha iwtrritea for enierin^r the Tlbbit'i 
"t Valley; that by the Finder Ends, wiib that by the 
innel, it appears I'rom ihe notes, iliat the former is the 
borteat by.60 chains, or livc-ei^bibs of n mile; but upon 
BitnatiDg die cost of consiruciion, (see Appendix No. 
a consequence of ibe adiliiional aqueduct of Tibbil's 
Irook. and the f;roalcr expense of crossing Saw Mill 
Uver, the difference, in this rcspcci, is found to be in 
IftVor of the tunnel route, viz : 

Total expense for grading that by the Fin- 
ger Ends, including aqncoucts, . . $169,323 95 
litio for that by the tunnel, including ex- 
tra length of channel-way, . . 90.502 53 

Ceavipg a balance in favor of tlie latter, of $ 88,761 42 

Doc. No. 44.] 


The tunnel route, therefore, of these two is decidBiBjr 

Secondly : comparin;r the entirc Tibbit's Brook route 
^mrariioo Af /j>y i\iq tunnci wav,) with the Kinor's Bridire route, as 
Md I ibb t*« above described, the following facts are educed, viz :— -Uiat 
Brook rooirf. .^ p^j^^ ^j- length, the route last mentioned has the advaa- 

1age«by no less than one mile and sixty-six chains; but 
in the comparison of cost, here, as in the former case, tfao 

Thai«ttrrloii;rfr^i''^^i*^'^^ is in favor of the longer line, (see AppendiK 
^t loM eipeu- No. 2,) as follows, viz : 


763,040 79 

The toil] estimate for the King^s Bridge 
route, includinnr aqueducts, 

That of the Tibbit's Brook route, includ- 
ing ettra length of channel way, 657,150 79 

Leaving a dear balance in favor of the — — — ^— — 
latter, • • • 9105,890 00 

Mar lwUinTiII« 

This discrepancy of advantages arises from the 
expenditures incurred on the King's Bridge route, by 
r ason of the more expensive aqueduct across Saw Mill 
River; the additional aqueducts at the hollow between 
the Finger Ends and Van Courtland*s Ridge, and at t!*.c 
hollow called the Wind-gap, below Spuyten Duyrel 
Creek. This route also incurs a heavy expenditure in 
the item of rock excavation, as mav be seen bv tlie itinera- 
ry estimate. Under all the circumstances, the Tibbit's 
Brook route seems entitled to the preference. I may, 
however, remark that until the calculation of the estimates, 
the probability was in favor of the King's Bridge roule; 
which will account for its being put iii continuity with 
the line above Yonkers in constructing the profile. 

The crossing of the Manhattanvillc Valley, was next 
re-examined and re-located upon ground much more la- 
vorablc than formerly, and continuing south, a new and 
very detailed re-cxami nation was given to the whole 
range of ground between Manhattanville and the Ci^, 
vitb a reference equally to the acyustment of tho Una of 

[Doc. N'o. 41. 

I; voi to the sflcction or positions sutt-il^e for re- 
I nnijira. ThU poilinn ol our licld ilulics tiivoivod, per- 
liBp9,«gn'aliJiiiiouliii's as any which liud been pre vi- 

"' encountered. The txtreriic irrugtiluriiy gl* thcp'"'""" •"*"* 
PRDftoB, conaisting of masses of rock apparently prolrud- imianiiiii urf 

ftA ia BTcry varlciy of shape and relation (except those ""' '^"'^' 

which usu^illy obmin,) with deep and cquolly irregular ^H 

I iiitcrvcoia^, rciidci'cd it necessary to solve a ^^M 

prublem at almost (V.-ry step of our progress. ^H 

The chiclohjcH'-l ofsulidlucle in locniing this lower port 
of the route, was lo oblaia ground iti tlic proper mngo, d j-ci or «i- 
and of sulfideitt cicvaiiuii lu bear up the graded lino, ^n-im ii<i> ■« 
itU it should rench a point siiflicicni iy centnil, to serve """ p°*"'"- 
M locality lur the distributing reservoir. The lino ul< 
n&tely obtained, nnd which i» dL^inentod in the annexed 
s deemed ra;hpr foriunnie, both with respect lo iis 
Tent and rc-lier, although it is siill intorscctfd by 
cep and nbrupt variations of surfaee on ihc lunt 
y or three miles, as the profile suDiciently indicates, 
r the middle of the 3S>ili mile, however, estimating 
1 thoCi'olon reservoir, the grade with a fewunimpor- chnraerofih* 
Btt except ton?, is well sustained. The aveiagc of the ''"' *' 
e then begins to dei:line, but at so moderate a rale 
1 mile next following, as to forninh no adequate 
1 for tcrniiimiirig ihe grade line nny where short of 
It'dtstance. This portion of Ihc route »'cupics gene- 
e interval bt-iween ilie Sib and Oih Avenues. The 
ft of the 4(}ih ii'ilo. reaching nearly to the Bloom- 
r Twad, and at this pornl i.a llic su-facc in almost 
f direction m-irc southerly. niHa considerably be]uw 
TgTttttc, it becomes ncfTssary lo eon?idcr the capabili- 
1 of the ground, with refei-cneo lu the Icrniinai resef'* 

The ree inois3.incc for this object, enibruced gepe- ^^^^^^"J.JjJ"i|)J 

' all the principic hij;h ground between Ihe .th and '-^■•ii"»l t*>tf 

b Avenue j; among which, however. after much exmni- 

ioD and compaiison, two positions were seleclccl as 

cidedly preferable to all oilicrs. One recommended by 

■ cetnparatively easy access, aod the other by its mora 


K. No. 44.] 414 

^B prominent siluni'nn in regnrd to tho City. The first of 

^r iliese is (lelinccitcti un the map, iiror a certain reservation 

Bi™.mrngd.,!. ciillcd Blwimiiij^diile squiirc. lis biundary on ibe cast 

''"''"'■ and west nre 0th and lOlh Avenues, on the north 00th 

or 61st street, and on the souih iiCih street, comprchcod- 

ing nn area of least fuiir entire blocks, its distance from 

the City Ilall in a direi-.i line, mcasuies exactly four nitlcs, 

and from the Croton Reservoir, by tiie line of our loea- 

Ption, 30 miles and l<C chains. Consequently, supposing 
the water to slund about 4 inches on the lip of the dnin 
at the head of the line, the standard level for the reserToir 
in the (Kisition now described would be 1 10 tcet above 
Mirrtf'i Hill. The second named position is on Murray's Hill, be- 

Itwecn tiie 5th and titli Avenues, and between 38ih and 
4ad streei, the commanding and central position of which 
is well known. Its distance from the City Hull is ex- 
actly 3 mileK, and from ilic bead reservoir 41 milei. 
whence the standard level of the distributing rcscrvuir 
al this point, is liaund to be 114 feet 10 incbcE. 
?^'r'Iiud*""' These heights, alihuugh slightly below that calculated 
lieu. upon in thu Ibrmcr rrpori, nre from the circumstance! 

hereafter to be explained, considered fur mi^rc certain, 
^^ and without doubt are sulScieiii fur all objects requiring 

^H a high service in the City. 

For the purpose of showing their relations in this re- 
spect, 1 have caused a few leading positions and some of 
the more elevated buildings i)f the City to bo laid dowa, 
ln«iniho''(J'il! ™'^'' ^^^^' appropriate elevations ni the termination of 
the profile. Those referred to, together with some others 
since aacertaine I, arc given in the following schedule. 

ThiriecDih street at tho reservoir, 
Surface of llw reservoir. . 
Washington square, 
Koof ofnew University building, 
Broadway, at the Hospital, 
Boof of Masonic Hall, say , 

fl. in 

30 C above tide. 














Oiatbam square, 

Roul's of the higher buildings ndja- 

cent, say . . , , i 
Surface of ihe Park, front of the 

City Hall 

RoofofthcatticoftheClty Hall, 100 00 tNc (-'iiy Hotel, 34 

Roof of Ciiy Hold, . . 107 

Roof of Holt's Hotel, say . 96 

Prom these elements we may perceive ihe relation in 
Vtuch either of the proposed reservoirs, will stand to the 
fMiticular circumstances and wants of every part of iho 
Gity. No inhabited buildings or warehouses, probably Ci.->b 
e higher than those here given as cxuni|le8, and a large J^* /J 
proportion of the best dwelling houses, as well as must of 
"" B lof^ warehouses in the butincss portion of the City, 
le very little if atiy aiiovc the limit of 84 feet, which 
^Jiearly21 feet below the level oflhc dislrihutiiig liend. 
.-Ccnnparing these relations of height, with the respec- 
ive distances from the reservoir, we find ihal even in the 
post unfavorable instance, that of the City I lolcl for ex- 
inple, there remains an eifcctivc head of nearly two feet 
jBTmile, and in a great majority of cases more than five 
pU per mite, for delivering the water upon the rops of 
|k houses. And it may safely bo inferred therefore, 
hat the reservoir in either of the (wsitions, and with the 
(Bad above specified, is competent to deliver the water, 
irilhout any extraneous aid upon tlie roof of every build- 
pg in the City.* 

•Th» irrrler cunnol help nolMag In ihn connBrilon, Ihe w»»i« or power 
*Wl MRun nimuil ilaily in Iho tiiy of Piew.Votk, by iCAinn of Iha nppli- 
■Iton orhunMniireDglh. in railing iviier Ibr the cxliuKuiahnwiil of firei, 
Jtl irtich of couno will ee»«e lo be iiecrwary «IUr tl.« wiier h iiipplled 
klha iBanner ileacribnl. A caleuUlioa o-i tliit mbjeLt «*■ im,Ib. wlicn 
if at the Ciij HmcI wo bural aomeiime >)iic«, bj niiicli it wi>« ■•■ 
iKUked riamllic iiumbir i>rinen emphijiril, inil IlieiJunlUtll oniwfln, 
lliat the amojiil if mrcUnlcibiee pipemkil in workine t'lr rngini'i, Hal 
■BlBcienl in have (niieil Lho wliol.t ■inifrialot the i-'liiicn TKHn i h.i >i rent, to 
iU spprapriaM potiUoa in Uie btuUlng. TlU like calculation applod » 

Dac/f^o.44.] 416 

Eximinttion of 1^ ^]] thc proceeding discuss! ns, relative to the lo 
iiitJiio for the tion of thc condult, it will bo seen, ihsil the pre vailing idea 
hrArtT ''**** "^ the mind of ihe writer, has been, thai, of a regular 
uninterrupted grade, from the fountain reservoir at Gap- 
rctson's Falls, to the distributing reservoir in New-Yoric* 
Thc next subject in order, would be to discuss tlie ooo* 
struction of the channel-way adapted to such a grade. 
But before doing so I would notice briefly, the difierent 
plans which have been discussed, and csiimated with a 
view of ameliorating the expenses of the constructions at 
Harlacm River and els3 where, on the location between 
that point and the distributing reservoir, by the subflpCi* 
tution of iron pipes. 

Thc first plan of this kind begins with n slight increase 
of height at the Croton ; and from thence to Harlacm 
River, is graded with a declivity of only 8 inches per 
mile, the channel-way being enlargnd in due proportioa 
It, that by the ^""^ ^'^ purposc?. This arran;Tement enables us to reach • 
th Avenue. fccipicnt rcpcrvoir, (delineated on tlie map) in an eleval- 
ed position near McComl/s dam, with a head of 134|> 
feet above tide ; niul the distance from this point, by the 
8th Avirnue to Murray's flil!, being only ('4 miles, the idea 
was to lay down pipes on this distance, with a head of 3 
feot prr mile, and then cl( liver tlie water dincily into the 
disiri')jiting reservoir at the lallcr place. There was 
rca? >n l > believe that this plan would compare ndvantn- 
geously with thc location above doscribecL It cut oflf 
nearly a mile of distance, ami avoidcvl the two heaviest 
aqueducts, and several o** the most expensive miles on 
thc route. And it was not tiil it hail been estimated in 

o'lliPf ciseji. atiii gprH*rfi!'y to :ili il»e fires \'.?,i of r.tir in the c^iirti* ©r a jr^ar. 
givt*» nn M^'jri'gnie of in >viii|r • dwi i ih is ap( r<>p'i ited. wliicli ifit wi-is 
eai)jln>e.l in tlir> m ivetnci o' pio- lu ;iv<- hlkIimi, ry, wonlii be si-flTcicnt to 
Jnvuat least iw^o liMtdnii power lof n)< \2 Imtir^ pt-r dny. liie )rNr rcuiid. 
'HiM CHJculHtion «»( ro imc roiit;'* m ir-l) lo llit* .i.itoiint of power ripciHl.t', 
wittv ut regHril to tli^ ftrini iiry cir in. flir.<o c> ol' its H^pliration, tli« tacd- 
rity of property ami IrV ileicud :iii tniTfu^iuo, or any o ' tuc evils cminrclMl 
with tiitt moiltf aud ma>i)fr of it^ tnii*. Tue«,« ciuuideratiuua being not 
■iricUy relevant to tlm object ofiJiit rrport. 

417 [Doe. 

Il-its details (Appendix 4) thnt this expeclation was aban- 
.■ It WBE found in onnsrciucncc of the prcal ex- 

iiWG of llie pipes, ajtd llit; enhanced cost of grading nnd 

miuiet-u-ny, friun llic Onion to Hnrlnein River, that it ""• 

save nolliiiiu in itiis rcupccl, while iis capitcUy 

be disadvanlagcously limited by the caliber of the 


The items of additional cost incarred 

b)' tbc arrangcmeut oniomitcd to, 81,432,039 73 
Those saved 1,400,302 10 

Difference against it, 

836,637 63 

A Kcond plnn for ihc snnic purpose, wns to lead the mo.i 
*|ratfir into the rccipi'-nt reservoir as in the Inst arrange- l^^, 
lie«K,andlhencc lolakcilby pif«9 across Mc('">mb'sdam, 
ad Btong the foot of Ihn bills, S| miles, to a small ef- 
it reservoir on the bcighls near the Lunatic Asylum, 
1 which it could be condticlcd by a conduit on (he 
tndnf (he preijotis location to the disiribnling rcser* 
The same kind of posuIi, however, was cxperiene- 
d in this case fls in rhe former. The Hmilntion of ca- 
f was not as jji'^ai indeed, there being a greater 
;t of dispusabic full, but ihe comparison of oxpense 
s rather more unfavorable than in that case, viz : Kot 



citlnn nf 


IfBlDS incurred, 
" saved, 

; . 88S4.014 73 

'i 88.8-10 35 

Pificrencc against the nrrangemcnl, 8t)5,l74 33 

The th'rl plan for this purpose is a mere vnriniicn o' 

11 from iho sehomG of the tjriided line, viz : ihe sub- [^||^' 
litDtkin of inverted syphons, h\ place of iiqueducls. nt '■> ' 
te frossinj^s of Harlueni Itivcrsnd the Manliattanviilc 
yalley. In n pcnrral case, not subject loany particular 
:tnineous cfindiiioiis, this subsiitiuion would be a matter 
DO difficulty nr i<ncci1ainty whalever. A comparative 
timnle of the two structures would decide the whole 
al OQco. The preseoi case, however, it will be 


Doc. No. 44.] 


seen, is not precisely ono of ihis kind. The water it 
be Liken froin a ccrlaiii height on the Croton, determined 
by the minimum of expense, and dditrcrcd nt a ccrlnin 
oUier dcterminaio hci;;ht in New-York; the f|iuuiiily 
being also assumed. These circumstance becomes ihc 
dots therefore of the general (tiieslion. How can the 
given fall be dislribuled on the ground, in such a moniKr, 
u to deliver the quantity of water at the r.quired point 
in New- York with the least expense. For eiample, in 
tbc gmded line abox-c described, we have supposed & 
. "lingular declivity of one foot per mile. Should a otode 
[ fit construction, however, be adopted on a single mile, 
which would require a fall of 10 feel lo give it efficieocy, 
it would be necessary to borrow feet from the residue 
of the line, this would require a proportionate increase 
of water-way, and of course a more expenaive structure 
, -OD the whole line. It will be remarked that our channel 
.Way, being an expensive structure of masonry, gives to 
■uch considerniions more weight than is usual in ordi- 
Mry cases. The fact will be made very obvious by 
comparing the estimates of the two lines, from the Cn>- 
-Ion River reservoir lo Harlacm River, one graded at 
12, and the oihr>r at 8 inches per mile ; we thus find in a 
I [dis(an< e of 33 miles a difVcrcnce of no less tlian 9301,800 
; in the aggregate cost of the structure, (conduit included) 
which if the like variation were extended to the whole 
'Une, would give a total increase of 8381,300, or 905,335 
for each inch diminution of grade per mile. 
J The structure of the syphon itself would consist of the 
following particulars, viz. — First, (regarding that at the 
" crossing of Harlacm River,) a bridge 880 feet long, in 
33 feet water. Second, an influent and effluent reser- 
voir. Third, a covert way of brick along the line of the 

I "Hif fieliloprni'i'HU. upon m-lii-h, in conn^eilo 

■ af Iba pTrcnMng ymt. Iha rarrgmng aliBPCVnliiqia 
'.ItrncHl in llx v.JIry of ll<« Cnxoti on ilia Sftt of 
Ibeuilcof thtdttliiliuiing retriroir ou Uic IJlh Decvinber. Woi 
*itb priuclpU Aguntnl, Wm. H. Sidrll iccond do. OIlTer Smilb, 
IMhb, J. G- Tijlor, E. M. Ti/lot ind I. F. Doaglw 



[D6c No. W 

Watod, finally, the pipes thomsclvcs. The last and 
:t esscnlial part of the conslruciioii has been calcu- 
" a a variety of modes — with pipes varying in size 
a tw-o to five feel, and of various numbers, and head 
;, accordingly. The larger size have the advaii- 
p of less friction, and, consequently, a greater discharge 
;r for uach pipe under a given liead. But ihey 
1 the same time, the important practical diead- 
!, of a greatly diminished strength and security. 
mder the pressure to which they are exposed; and it 
[ppears that in compensating this by additional weight 
Tmctal, the expense, after a certain limit of size, be- 
I greater than in using an increased number of 
soTsiiiBllcf calibre. My couelusion uponthe whole 
i( tliatforthe^^purpose now invicw. pipos (of cast iron,)' 
" \ diameter, have veally no advantage over 
tf 30 inches, and it is even doubiFiil whether those of 
3 inches diameter, may not be slightly preferable 
'.I liavc, however, adopted the sire of 30 inches, 
i \iu ttaxl consideration, is the number of pipes, and 
dof watei" necessary for their efficient operation; 
e, of course, we must regard ilie capacity of the 
[tas ihe criterion for determining that of the syphon. 
^ would be iuexpcdicat probably, on the score of safety, 
B fewer than two pipes, under any circumstances, 
b[ Oa a lengtii of 306 yards, (the length of Uarlacm 
Mil} would require a head of til inches, or 57^ 
8 more than would be i-eqoisitc fur a simple conduit. 
^ inches, ai:cording to the principle just stated, is 
3 borrowed from the residue of tint line, making a 
I dinuaHtion of I -4 inches per mile, and the estimate, there. 
i, involving this consideration, will bo as follows, viz : 

<% up iKj liiiyMi't fpi'ri, 1 niiiilj mmc Mlculniiimi npon 

H BW4f WTOuglil iioa nCiliii, oP (mir awl flit IVii iliitin>l«r. eonitrucleJ 

ihrilJMnan ul' Mom liolltri, counlrU upaa tilii kinil Drmsini uiha 

UiMli(i(llnli beitcwn Ui* tte^itiog. and dltulbulin^ iticiMin of iJiM 

If jHiupoii luUHqueni ln>«'.l|]*u(in, l«in ■»■;■&*'' ^'"^ tMcairauon » liablu, sioulil be lubh >> ID randcr It) uit ruithii 

I ia tf Oit ittf ^utlIiun>b!Ci irnul «bi<iluleljr objaoliuNtlil*. 

l)oc.No.44.] 420 

Bridge 680 feet long, 23 feet water, . • t205glMa 

Influent and effluent reservoir, dBfiOO 
Pipes, double 30-inch main culvert included, 

506 yards at $94 50 per yard, 47JB67 

I 4-10 inch per mile difference of grade on 

41 miles, 05*335 per inch, . 133,469 

Total effective cost of a syphon of two 30- ^^— 

inch pipes, 1 422|3S6 

The calculation of three pipes would reduce the di- 
minution of grade to 29 inches, or T-lOths of an inch per 
mile, which would enter into the estimate, as follows, viz: 

Bridge and reservoirs as before, $ 241,060 00 

Triple pipe and culvert, 506 yards, at 125 
dollars per yard, . . 68,250 00 

304,810 00 

Seven-tenths of an inch difference of grade 

on 41 miles, at 95-335 per inch, 66,734 50 

Total effective cost of a syphon of three 

30-inch pipes, $371,044 50 

Four pipes, estimated in like manner, give 

an aggregate of ... 8 364,280 00 

But beyond this, no further economy is effected by in- 
creasing the number comprising this amount, tiierefore, 
with the cost of an aqueduct, as estimated, ($415,650,) 
it shows a balance of 51,370 dollars in favor of the syphon 
construction at this place. 

The like calculation applied to the Manhattanville 
Valley, stands as follows, viz : 

Influent and effluent reservoir, . . $36,000 00 
970 yards of syphon, consisting of 4 pipes 

and culvert, at $158 50 per yard, . 153,735 00 
8-lOths of an inch per mile, difierence 

of grade at 95*335 per inch, . . 76,268 00 

Total syphon construction, 8 266,003 00 

[Doc. No. 41 


' a dtfiereoce, in this case, of S80,652 against the 

, ■ I DOW proceed lo discuss, more particularly, the de- J^^"'^' 
kails of the channel-way for conducting the water. Four 
fereiit modes of executing this most important part of 
le conslruRtion, have been spoken of at difierent times. 

. I. A plain channel, without protection walls, con- D'ff«"nt dukI" 
'<'■ , 1-1 ,■ T 1 of coimni BttBa. 

■tructed somewhat m the manner of an ordinary canal 

2. An open channel, protected against the action of 

e current by masonry, of some kind. 

^3. An arched culvert, composed essentially of masoi^-, 

,iy- And , '^ ^ 

4. Iron pipes, (This method, however, having been trot 
JQst discussed, in regard to its particular application, and [J,"' 
■IsOi'Ui my former report, as a system for general use, "''• 

:d not be further noticed in wJiat follows.)* 


■ h wii thnnrn, In the riiriUFi fcpnrt, 
.}. JtfUif tUiiauit eCauaoatj ad^plei \a Ihs fill ot U Inch 
liDUHiiii (lullun lau tbao I'.ie cillnnieit t: 

)irU]r!ng Jown s dn'li Iron main. 3D inchi 
I. Th(t cooaiilrring lb> mar and tcnr 
ICM^ opsMltd bj a VdlumB ot water, ar 
t, moiiiig >9p'H>Iy under d picimre of I 

_^tlMMblE thai ihe iron main* ivnuld be ai 


(lug lo 700 ton) ID n 

I higWj 

.. iliirable ■■ (he giaded ooniluU i 

I by mere dccliiitjr, witb a larj aliglit picaturo, *nd 
, Ktlcalf ■ppHciablr. 

S. Tlnla aingleSO-iflcb muin, wilb the M\ aC 15 IneheatO the mUe, would 
tJij Bthitt three mlllii>iif i>r gallona diilj, and tliil Ttwec Iban roui audi 
^pe*. Iherefiire, vniuld not be auOluiEnt id miet Ihe anlioipaird demand, ai 
tfMltetttf eofflpleliDg [he woiki. FurlberniDcr, Ihit if ■ decliriif thaeld 
%iidopled, eucliaa tubilnglhcnquirdltiipply wiihin the compaia of Iwa 
, the iggHgale Ml wouhl be lucli at to ahioib the whole atiglne! hnad 
I carry the point of dell'Crr IT Teel ht- 

le HudiD 


Tbat,aalhe dcm: 

fwiA ihe 15 Inchei Tall) 

dnicd, (eicb one it en eiprnie eicee 

aDf>«qM«tly, thntaoorpiofm' 

I onejnb, before it would be nccei 

Id view oributcooiideretloni. 

City mcfcaaGd 

i< woald be nfciHiry 
naiiMirT channel,) ind 

)oc. No. 4i.] 422 

Openchtnnr) 'f|.^e Consideration of ilitso vnrious modes should have 
DDwiiiiv roierciicc, in the first piaoc. to ihfir ol7icicncy for con- 

iluctinfr ihc water in pnrity, and in the qiianiity required. 
Secondly, to their pennnncney as stnielures; and, thirdly, 
lo their cost. And ^lurc circuni stances, ihcreforr, will 
constitute th(; ehirf '^-ror.jida of ilie discussions and com- 
pui isons which follow. 

1st. The jjlain channel wiihoiil protection walis. 

Of the ellicicnev nf this mode of construction, so far as 
it depends merely upon form and dimensions, there can 
be no douht. The nature of the work inij»oses no limits, 
in these resfwcls, which could interfere with any measure 
of (geometrical) capacity that might be required. The 
objections to this species of channel, for the objects now 
contemplated, are of a more practical kind, as will be 

It has been frequently noticed, by those engaged ex- 
tensively in the construction of p'.iblic works, that no 
channels (other things being equal) are so difficult to 
make and koeji li.Ldit as lecders ; and the reason is sut 
ficienllv obvioii??, alliiouirh, in soiijo inst:uH*os, it has not 
been riirhtlv appreciated. .Must arlifu:ia! channels of 
earth or grave!, when lirst constructed, are, in some de- 
cree, pervious to water. In jiroccss of time, however, 
iho water itself moving gently ihrougli ijiem, and, hav- 
ing, as is commonly the case, a small ]):oportion of cloy 
in suspension, operates as a styptic, by depositing the 
latter in the pores of the channel, and thus rendering 
them tight. But if the water moves with too great ve- 
locity, this efll'Ct cannot lake place ; and with a high 
degree of acceleration, it not only retains the styptic 
material, previously suspended, but actually sweeps 
awav, bv the force of the current, the artilicial substitute 
which tlie caution of the Engineer may have supplied. 

by the chnnj** from 1j lo 12 in'.lit? fall, il is Vi ry jalvi lo ir.:>r. l;;ni ihe 
channel of masonry \« at oiue liic cl;ca| est, iSc nio t liurtble, «:.(Jthc incit 


[Doc. No. 4^ 

ilaws of this action have been deduced experi- °' 
y, and found to be as follows, viz: — a veJocity of 
jpches per scond, bcgios to work upon fine clay; 
fjS inches, upon line satid; ihat of 8 inches, upon 

■ large as linseed ; 12 inches, upon small gravel; 
b upun rounded pcbbics the size of an inchi and 
upon stones as large as an cgg.» Now the actual 
J of a stream, either at the surface, at the byllotHj 
||inean, is in a certain relation to its transverse 
tend fall ; and with a knowledge of these relatioas 
W infer one or another of these velocities in any 
esse. In that before us, it is demonstrable, that 
By acrangenient of profiles, suited to the nature and 
Mihe work, the velocity of the current in contact 
ps bottom, will not be less than twelve inches per 
Lwhich is sufficient, it seems, to move small gravel. 
levil consequences of such an action upon a con- 
ualed as this wonM he, almost wholly upon bold 
BgEound, would be two-fold, — first, the filtration 
telrievable loss of a large proportion of the water ; 
Koodly, the imminent danger of the banks them- 
■etng carried away, whenever the head of water 
ihe increased, and the banks softened by the long 

EiCe ofhcavy rains. Neilherof these evils are pf 
deration, in ordinary cases, coniparcd with their 
::e in tliis. The filtration of a hundrt:d cubic 
Vwaler per mile, per minute, is frequently counted 
i.oije of the regular wants '>f a canal, and provided 
trdlngly : but at this rale, (and, I presume, under 
ttucnstauiccs mentioned, it would not be less,) forty 
pf filti'alioo would absorb upwards of forty-three 

■ of gallons per day. 

W), — the failure of a canal bank, of which we hear 
fes, more or leas, every year, is a very trifling 
lestjmated by a few weeks interruption to a canal 
(Jompared with the suspension of the supply of 

H . , 


Doc. No. 44.] 484 

SiMtd ooDcia- water to this metropolit» for even a single day. Camli* 

moreover, have seasoris of periodical suspensioot when 
they may be thoroughly repaired and put in order, with* 
out any interruption to the navigation; but the City 
Aqueduct, ivhen once put in operation, must flow un* 
ceasingly in winter as well as summer, and from year 
to year. Any deficiency in its performance, at any time 
beyond the competency of its reservoirs to supply, 
would be regarded as a public calamity ; and any mode 
of construction, therefore, involvbg the contingency of 
such a suspension, is, in the view of the undersigned, de- 
cidedly objectionable. Many other considerations might 
be adduced on this point, but, I trust, those here given, 
will be sufficient to show the practical unfitness of tins 
method of construction, for a work of the nature and ob- 
jects of that contemplated. * 
s. OpmchiBoti 2^ An open channel, protected against the wash of 
oi>'doMM^iir ^ current, by masonry of some kind. There are two 
\ modes of applying masonry for protecting the interior of 
a channel of the kind here supposed. First, by regular 
side walls, with or without a reversed arch at bottom. 
Secondly, by slope walls laid up with an inclination cor- 
responding to that of the bank on which they rest. The 
first kind are much the most massive, being necessarily 
proportioned in strength to the pressure of the earth behind 
them, while the second recline upon the face of the bank, 
and are supported by it, merely protecting its surface 
from the action of the water. The most feasible arrange- 
ment of the latter method, for the purpose now in view, 
is believed to be that represented (with different dimen- 
sions) in the annexed diagrams No. 1 and 2, consisting 
of a narrow reversed arch and slope walls of brick, the 
whole restinfi: upon a laver of beton or concrete, six 

DtUiltofthii -.,1.1 

irrao^tmeiii. mches m thickness. 

The sectional area of masonry for this profile, in the 
case of No. 1, is 27j square feet (including the beton), 
and the sectional area of its water-way, at the level of 
the upper line, 28} feet. A channel of equal capacity, 
constructed with regular side walls, as first mentioned, 



• II 

s. c 

or t 

R425 [Doc. No. 44. 

least, 44 square feet sectional area of ^'"p" "■"' ?"■ 
id its cost, allowing all the advantage it 
from iho circumslaoce of stone masonry 
pensive than brick, would be to tbat of the ^^h 

.escribed, in the ratio of at least lU to 7. ^^H 

e 00 doubt, therefore, that for all the pur- ^^H 

open channel, the slope wall profile is alto- 
referable structure. 

pie No. 1, is adapted to a fall of one foot per „ , « , 
ves witli that fall the following discharges, 

ver line, being 3 ft. 

the middle, . 11,404.544 gals. permin. CipaniiM 

;ond, 4 feet deep, 20,088,100 

rd, or upper ditto, 

. 31,104,000 
inal area of the masonry of this profile, as just 
f feet, bf which 12j feet are hrick work laid 
ind the remaining 15 feet, beton and stone 
IB cost of the construction per mile, there- 
led from these dimensions, independently of 
I be as follows: 
' bottom and slopes, at 50 cents 

« 880 00 

iO)=66,000 cubic feet of brick 
lid in cement, at 30 cents per yd. 
0)=79,200 cubic feet beton and 
'ork, at 18 cent^ per yard, 
itra=10,560 ruaning feet, at 15 
erlbot, .... 

1,584 00 

Total per mile, 3 3C.520 03 
le No. 2. is adapted to the fall of 8 inches c^^^pij (,^j. 
d will deliver, with ihit descent, and at the 
leptbs before mentioned, as follows, v 
deep, . 10,491,120 gal, pcrdicm 





Doc. No. 44.] 426 

The sectional area of its masonry is 33 square feet, of 
which 15 are brick, and*the residue beton and stone, and 
its cost, per mile, is accordingly estimated as follows, viz: 
Preparing the bottom and slopes, at 60 

cents per yard, run 81,056 00 

79,200 cubic feet brick work in cement, 
at 30 cents per yard, . . . 23,760 00 

Eniiiiitc. 05,040 cubic feet beton and stone work, 

at 18 cents per yard, . . 17,107 SM) 

Coping extra, 10,560 feet, at 15 cents 

per yard, 1,5S4 00 

Total per mile, «43,507 20 

Ojjtetions '^^^ ^°'y Objections to these profiles, arc such as apply 

equally to every species of open channel ; first, that they 
are exposed in many situations to receive the wash of 
the country through which they })as3; and, secondly, 
that they arc unprotected from the frost, and (possibly) 
liable to be interrupted thereby. The first of these ob- 
jections may be obviated in ali situations, where it would 
be advisable to use these modes ofconsirnction. hy means 
of back drains, tor which, therefore, 1 liavc made provi- 
sion in the estimates. Willi regard to the second, althomrh 
the probability of the event is remote, it is possible that 
the concurrence of heavy snow-drifts and severe frost 
might, if the channel is left altogether Vvithoiit protection, 
produce an occasional interruption. The plantation of 
trees and shrubbery of proper kinds, would probably 
afford some protection ; but the more ellectua! safeguard 
v.ould be to close the channel enlirelv, bv means of a 
light roof, of which a profile is sketched in the diagrams 
annexed. The cost of such an addition, covered merely 
with planks, tongued, grooved and sanded, would be Ibr 
the smaller channel, 7,100 dollars per mile, and for tlie 
?Jnml1:u^^^^ greater, 8,900 dollars, making a-.-jregates, in the first 
a roof. case, 543,620 ; and in the second. §5^J, 1C7 2'\ 

3. Arciied chan- 3d. A clo5e channel or culvert, composed essentially 
'**^* ofmasonr^'. 




[Ooc. No. 44 


Th* annexod diagrams. No. 3 and 4, arc cxain[>lcs of 
this mode of construction. The first adapted to the fall 
of one foot per mile, and the other, to that of eight inches, 
and calculated, with these respective declivities, to dis- 
charge from ten to thirty millions of gallons daily, at 
depths varying from three to six feet. They are ar- 
ranged, as to their interior and exterior outline, with a 
view to insure the greatest degree of strength and stabi- 
lity, with the smallest amount of material. The sectional 
area of masonry in No. 3, is63j square feet; that of No. R.'"^" 
4, 57i square feet. This, in either case, may be con- 
•tructed entirely of brick, or with an interior facing of 
brick, and backing of slone, or with an arch of brick, and 
the whole residue of stone. And the choice of one or 
other of these modes is to be determined chiefly by the 
estimate. Good rough stone masonry, laid in common 
lime, is estimated by builders in New- York, at 16 to 18 
<ietils per cubic foot ; hammer dressed stone at 25 cents. 
The first kind, on the line of the aqueduct, and with due 
Tegard to ihe quality which should prevail, in a work of 
itaa kind, is osiimated at 18 cents, and at 20^ conts laid 
IB good American hydraulic cement. An average qua. 
Kty of cemented wall, however, may be produced, suit- 
able for backing, at 19 cents. For brickwork, the New- 
York estimates are as follows, viz : 

In party walls with joints, rough, 24 cts, per cubic foot. Enimnwd com 

In external walls, with smooth pirauieij-. 

joints, . . . .26 ditto ditto. 

In arches and vaults, . 37 ditto ditto. 

By a close analysis, these sums might be reduced, pro- 
bably, two cents per foot, making the work in arches and 
vaults, 25 cents ; and that suitable for backing, 22 cents ; 
tfie whole being laid, however, in common lime. Using 
hydraulic cement, the cost is found to be 29 81-100, say 
80 cents per foot, (or $16 40 per thousand bricks,) for 
&ce work, and say 24 cents for backing. We may now 
tfyiy these elements to the estimate of No. 3, viz; 

iNttaPMoPil'] 4S8 

■ ■ ^ 

14). mstkMud fcet, &oe irafc and aidiMp in 

89 ditto btckii^, partially ceoMited, 84 CIS. SM 

Total per fcot, nm. tU 71 

■>>"■ ♦ ■ • . - "f 

,84. IJoiiy of brick apd hudaii^ 
1^ Metibaal' feet, fioe, dcie. a« beAvok tt M ^■ 

«iMi^ ....... 4:ai: 

M| dhto biel% fiffitooe, at 19 oeniib . T 41 

Tiftai per fool, inn. #livi;. 

' 'Mfc' Ansbea of brkskf and dwiwddiie ofitODBy tIis - 
, 9 . aaetifxid ftet (briok woriO vaak^ 

8J^ ditto hamuMTod stoiie ftdng ia ceineiit» 

at 27 centi, 9 »| 

86 ditto stone back, at 19 centi, . • 6 84 

Total per foot, run. . ll 88| 

r ^f ^i^T r.> By the comparison of these estimates, it appears that 

the stnictm^, composed entirely of brick, (which, , od 
other accounts would have been desirable^ will cost 
nearly two dollars per running foot, (upwards of 10,000 
dollars per mile,) more than either of the otbera.. The 
two modes of oombining stone and brick, appear to difier 
very little firom eadi other, in point of cost, but as liie 
cheaper is calculated also to fitdlitate the executieii of the 
. work, it is decSdedly preferred. 

Its coDstniotioD is estimated firom the runniiig coat m 

SiteSbl^tfif 6880{betaltll 76 per foot*Med,002 80 per mile. 

ftraeiut. The estimate of No. 4, by the same scale of prioen^ 

will stand as fcdlows, viz : 


[Doc. No, U 

f sectional feet of brick work, at SO cenU, « 4 65 
42 ditto ditto stone work, at 19 cents, 7 88 

Making, per running foot, . 9^2 63 

And per mile, . . «66,686 40 

ll can scarcely be doubted, thai these modes of con- '"•<'* 
(tructing the channel-way, independently of first cost. 
are preferable to every other. They secure the water 
'toffectually against all incidental causes of impurity or 
liirbidness, as well as from the possibility of its current 
«ver being iinterrupted by the inclemency of winter ; and 
They are, at the same time, decidedly superior in point of 
Wbility. In some situations, indeed, the culverted or 
^^elose channel will be preferable, even on the score of 
fecooomy, either in reference to the work itself, or to the 
iMuntry through which it passes ; intersecting villagesi *Pn^'J 
'ter example, and in deep cuttings, where for any reason thogn 
•whatever, it would be desirable to fill the earth back 
0»er the arch. Situations of this kind are found on or 
about 13 miles of our line, and in estimating, therefore. 
under these diSerent views, I have given one series of 
leatdU for a channel-way, culverted throughout, and ano- 
ther, for a mixed construction, culverted on 13 miles, 
and slope walled on the residue, as in profile No, 1. 



Under the general denomination of grade-work, I in- ^ 
dude all the work of a local and particular character, w 
oocurriog on the line, whether preparatory to the grade 
or otherwise. The construction of the dam and reser- 
voir 00 the Croton: clearing the ground, excavations of 
rock or soil, drains, culverts, aqueducts, road-crossings, *" 
itone embankments, and lastly, the back filling and ter- 

ings. The annexed itinerary and estimates furnish e 
detailed calculations of all these items, firom the fountain 
teservoir on the Croton, to the distributing reservoir on 



did line 




Morhiy^ HiR, incladbg, iko, the altbMCtive of* 
mination at Blooniingdale i^nare. 

The'preperatioo of the grade in excavatkn, whether of 
rock 6t soil, hat noAing particalar, except ita farm and 
dimeonons, to distinguish it from ordinarfr gm&iag ea 
other pnUic works. In embankments, howeiret» it il 
proposed to construct tlie work somewhat difirandfv 
by Kmnfaig as a fbmdalSunit immediately under die fi^i 
of the conduit, (whether open or closed) a mound of-^^ 
stone, (as in the annexed profiles Na Oand 8;) this fM^ 
rial beii^ feund in sufficient abundance every where on 
the line, and forming in this way, as the writer has had 
occasion to experience in similar situations^ a cheap aipiA 
yeif 9B& Ibimdation. The residue of the embanknMijt 
after the conduit is built, is then to be formed to tlie 
necestery height and width, with good gravel or loanit 
on the slopes of which, in situations reqiHriiig encloau^ 
live hedges, of a proper kind, may be very profitably 
* and tastefully cultivated. 

!rS*" **^ ^" *® l"'^ ^wo miles, where the relief of the grade 

line becomes in some places considerable, it was found 
that arcades of brick could be advantageously substituted 
for embankment, in certain situations, with a considersr 
bic saving of expense, and they have been estimated 
therefore accprdingly. 

r<m en by. rpj^ drains of iron spoken of in the estimate, are 

merely iron water pipes, of proper sizes, laid throi:^ 
the embankment with wings of masonry, grouted into 
the masonry <^ the aqueduct, as the occasion reqoixes. 
Larger drains and culverts are supposed to be construct- 
ed in the usual way with stone or brick, according to 

iSSiJy g"nl*l* circumstances. Generally for all masonry, where rough 

11/- or common hammered stone can be used, it is prefera^ 

ble, on the score of economy ; but in many cases where 
cut stone or stone in large blocks would be derireble, 

iiutdiicu. brick is a valuable and economical substitute. The less- 
er aqueducts, therefore, and that at Manhattanville, are 
generally estimated of this material. 
The Harlaem aqueduct has been estimated in massive 

4:il [Doc. No. 44., I 

^nS«mry, and also in brick. The latter material ia "■'!»«'" »'!'»■ 
of course the cheaper in itself, but as il required smaller 
archeg, it involved the construction of a greater number 
of piers and hydraulic foundations, and consequently 
gave a result difTering but litlle from the estimate in 
Btone. — See sketcii No. 1 1 and 12. 

lo summing up the estimates. I have used ihe amouat 
set down for this structure as an aqueduct, notwilhstand- 
ing tlie slight difference estimated in favor of the syphon. 
My impression is, that the greater simplicity and cer- 
tainty of action, in an uniQierrupted channel, from the MirbcmiduB 
Croton to the distributing reservoir at Murray's Hill, '"" "'^*' 
will commend this arrangement to the Commissioners 
and the community ; and it has been suggested also, that 
the interests of the public in this structure, as a bridge for 
counecting the heights of Harlaem, with those of West 
Chester, would more than countervail all differences of 

The distributing reservoir is estimated of sufficient Diniiibuiini ni- 
size for all purposes, surrounded by a wide rampart of *"'"" 
earth and masonry, and divided into two apartments. 
Should a separate depurating reservoir be required, it 
may be constructed with great- convenience Li several 
pocitioas, either oa the West Chester heights or on the 

Under these various heads, two calculations have been Minnrt . 
made upon each mile of the route. One answering lo '"e 'I"" ' 
the construction of a close channel, according to the pro- 
file Ho. 8, and the oilier for an open cliannel, according 
to No. 1 ; and in summing up the amounts, a result is 
also obtained for a mixed construction, consisting of a 
Blofx; walled profile on 28 miles of the route, and a close 
conduit on the residue. 

It only remains now, lo collect the results of Ihe vari- G(o«ii1 
ous estimates in a summary view, as follows, viz : mHiei"'^ 

For a mixed construction, terminating at Murray' 





PmvNo.44.] 48? 

Itinenur]reitiiulB,41inaM. %ljn$fil91» 

M milM oondoit, Na 1,M 

above, at •48,080 OQi •1;N1,S60 00 ^ 

It miles conduit, No. 1^ «s 

abore. at •88,098 80, 807,900 40 ., 

8,MiM08 4l 

Iffett qoet aecordiog to the eitimate^ ^iffXlfilfirlit 
Admb^batioo, epfpneering, .'/, 

boDtiqgenciea, dee. 10 jnr cent, 87S>1ST fT 

Total, . . . • 4fiM,m9 

For a oidForted oonitniotioa throog^ioiitt tanubiliqK 
at Miimy'i .Hill : 


ItiiMnury eitimata 41 milei, •l,8n|yS|)|,r|| 

41 miles oidvert, at •02,092 80 
permfle, 2,S46|804 

Nett coit by the estimates, 04,228308 09 

Administration, engineering, con- 
tingencies, &c. 10 per cent. . 422,839 81 

Total, 04,051,287,90 

The corresponding totals for the termination at Bloem- 
ingdale square, woold be as follows, viz : 
For the mixed constmction, 08,791,810 88 

And for the culverted construction 

entire, 4,849,810 50 

Being a diffisrence in each case, of 301,927 dollars; 
but taking into consideration, that all the City drains^ in 
the case of the Bloomingdale location, would require an 
additional length of one mile and fourteen chains, the 
Murray's Hill location is deemed preferable. 

Land an<i daina- Estimate of land, damages, and water rights not includ- 
»«■• ed in the above, viz : 


[Doc. No. 44, 

On the Croton, . • 

On the line, 

Betervoir, ground, &c. io New- York, 




U it estimated that the work may be completed m Time necMnry 
far ywn fipom the time of actual commencement. J^^ woa^**^ 
M which is respectfully submitted. 

D. B. DOUGLASS, Civil Engineer. 
February Ist^ 1835, 

Tht ibore attimtto for Itnd and dtmagts, indudea the location for the 
HMrvoir on Mnmy*! Hill; doubtleN, however, the landi tiready owned by 
ition, would answer A>r thii purpoee. 


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k Summary Estimate of grade work for a ItTte from the Croton 
Dam loathe West Chester reservoir, near McComb'a Dam, 
{falling eight inches per mile) and thence hy the 8th Ave- 
nue to Murray's Hill reservoir. 

Dam 34^ li 
1st mile, 
2d mile, 
3d mile, 
4lh mile, 
5th mile, 
6lh mile, 
7th mile, 
8th mile, 
9ih mile, 
10th mile, 
11th mile, 
12th mile, 
13th mile. 
14ih mile, 
15th mile. 
16th mile, 
17th mile, 
18th mile, 
19lh mile, 
20 ih mile, 

121st mile, 
22d mile, 

> 7,670 



Brought over, .... 

k 23d mile 

1 S«h mile. 

25lh mile 

SOlll mile 


27th mile . 


29lli mile 


31st mile 

aSdmila, ...... 

Half mile and aqueduct. . 



1 For rebuilding McComb'a Bridge and grading 
' 6J mil™ to Murray', Hill, . 
Reservoir at Murray's Hill, . 








Total, . . . 











r^i ■» ""-i 

■-' •t,T.O^ 


r4* .&7 -xS 


Son. STEP1I£^ Allen, Chairniaii, 
Saul ALLtv, 
Benj. M. Brown, 
Wm. W. Fox, and 
Charles Dusendury, Esqrs.J 

I Ctimmiisianert/tT ««t- 

' ing €;atmin«ttOM in Ttla- 

l»hoFi (o the svpjilji of Nrm- 

York kM puTt amd 


11 compliance ivith j^onr instruciiona, received the 
laller part of October, requiring a survey, maps, profiler, 
Ac relative to the introduction of the waters of the Cro- 
ton as a siijiply for the city of .\ekv-York, with estimatci 
4^ the prubtiblG cost thereof, I proceed I'especifiilly to 


That, after a f«\v days delay, which were employed in 
plaining the necessary instruments and collectinga party, 
tbe field duties were commenced early in November, at 
(he head of tide warer, near the mouth of the Croton, 
taking as our zero, medium high tide ; ascending, direct- 
\j, the steep bank of the river, 150 feet ; a level, at this 
devalion, was conducicd np the lefl bank of the river to 
the foot of the rapids, 500 feet below Uarretson's mill, 
where, touching the river surface, it was found to he 
123 iVfi BKd the surface of water above the mill dam, 136 
fket above liigh tide. 

From this point, (which is deemed most favorable for 
the location of a dam in this vicinity,) a level and travcrsei 
■t an elevation of 155 feet, were conducted, following the 
ted bank, up tbe valley, to ascertain the quantity nf land 
that would be flowed by a dam raised to ihia height at the 
•foresaid location ; it was found that the surface of a re- 
■erroir so formed, would fall within the river hanks at a 
point 3 * miles up the valley, above said dam ; here the 
vrtt was crossed, and the margin of the proposed re««r- 

Doc. No. 44] 470 

voir, on the north side of the river, was trneei) dnwB to 
ll>c ufuresaid dam, nenr, and just below Garretson's mill. 
Resuming our level at ilio upper exlrenuty of the re- 
scnoir just ilescrtbod, wu proceeded up to tlio foot of lUus- 
cont Hill, where the gurfucc of iIir river wns found to be 
160 ^tt feet ttbuve tide; assuming noiv au clevaiion of 
175 -^^s feet, a level and traverse were traced, as before, 
oa Itoih sides of the river, to ascertain how much land 
would he flowed hy a dam at IMusrout Hill Felling the wa- 
ter up to thirt hcij^ht. It wan found, that, nt a point about 
3) ntilcs above ihudiim. and jof a mite above Mechanics* 
ville, tho surface of this reservoir would full within the 
hanks of tho Crotnn, which was here crosscti, and the 
margin of thn flow, on the north siile of ihc river, traced 
down to Mnxcoot Hill. This is n ftivoruhlc place for the 
locaiton of ii (Iain, the valley here being narrow, at tho 
top tine of ihc dam being only 200 feet, and 18 feet above 
the bed of the river, which in here rock, as aUo the irarlh 
shore, and it is probable ihul rock way be fuuud near ili« 
surface on ihc south hank of the river, oa the removal of 
the soil. 

Frojn the Muscoot dam, a line of location, on the nortb 
Hide of ihc river, was commenced and conducted downi nt 
a declivity of 15 inches to the mile, to a point about 400 
feet below Garretson's mill, where, by an urch of 80 feel 
span, the line of a(]ucduct is connected with the squth 
shore of the river, which it follows to its mouth* TIic dis- 
tance between Muscoot Hill and tiie site selected for the 
proposed arch, which is very near that for the proposed 
dam at Gurrelsnn's mill, is i> miles. The ground is very 
ravorultte for the construction of a line of atiucduct, on any 
plan, for the whole of this distance, much more so than 
the same number of miles, taken together, on nny part of 
the rout from Garretson's mill to IVew-Vork ; no deep cut- 
ting or filling is encountered, nor extra cost involved. The 
culverts required arc not large nor numerous. There will 
be some rock excavation on thissection ; the atone furuistied 


[Doc. No. 44. 

nom this eicavation will be required for protecting Blope 
wall^; if nn open canal were adopted, and ir a work of 
,tnasonry, in ccmem, lie preferred, Htill, all the excavated 
rock would comft in use ; and on either plan, therefore, no 
extra cost from the rork met with is likely to occur- 
Before proceeding to notice, particularly, our operation* 
t»eIoiv Garretson's mrll, it will be proper to state the quan- 
tity of land that would be flowed by the Muscool dam, 
raised l?."* //j above tide, the damages consequent there- 
on, to land and other property, and an estimate of the 
jprohah'o cost of its construction, together with tbe6 miles 
'fif aqueduct, including an arch of 80 feet span, joining on 
fte south shore of the Croton, at Garretson's mill. 

The Muscoot dam will flow 117 acres of land, on both 
lidcs of the river, taken together, it may be called "good 
Vjualiiy," and is estimated to be worth 875 per acre, for 
117, is - . - . - - 88,775 

3,353 50 

"' Flowing the water ahont 2 feet deep oa 
the wheel of the Meclianicsvilje Factory, 
.^magc csiiniatcd at - 

Contingent damages not included above, 

0am raised 18 feet above the bed of the 
Viver, supposed to be constructed in a very 
■nbstftiilial manner of liydniulic masonry, 
100 feet between the abutments, which arc 
to be raised 8 feet above the tumbling way , 
these, also formed of massive masonry, are 
to bo connected with embankment of gravel 
which forms the extreme ends of the dam. 
TThe various iteniti entering into this struc- 
ture, having been separately calculated, are 
Collected in the aggregate of - 

Contingencies, .... 

Total estimated amount of Muscoot dam, 
including reservoir, and all incidental dam- 

23,750 2d 
3,687 77 

.««M, 940,565 M 

Doc. No. 44.] 


Ncxi in order nil) he stated the probable amoQiattf 
inrolved in the construction of th« 6 mdes of a(iiiediicl l>e- 
tween Aluicoot duiii and Garrctson's tniti, including ihr 
ftrch of 60 feet 8[>an, connecting with tiic eoiilh bnuk of 
the Croton The estimale is prcdicuteJ on the supposi- 
MOD that the channel-way uf ihe aquciiuct is formed by a 
.CfliDiicr of masonrv 8 feet inside diamcler, composed of 
j;oo<l stone or brick work, 14 inches thick, wull laid with 
hydraulic cement, and grouted throughout, so as to render 
the masonry impervious to water. The cylinder to be laid 
iu a trench excavated for the purpose, where cutting ii af- 
forded, and ivhere embankment occurs; after it bus well 
settled, a trench is to be formed in the top of tl, and the 
masonry laid as ia other cases ; the earth excat-atod to 
form the trench, both in cutting and emhanknienr, is to be 
returned buck bo as to cover over the cylindrical chaunel- 
way. The culverts nre supposed to be formed of good 
stone work, in some cases of cylindrical form, and in otberi, 
semicircular arches will spring from low abutments, none 
of them are required to be over G feet spun, the average 
about 4 feet. The whole to be executed in a style, and of 
a quality that will impart lo it the character of great dura- 
bility. Collecting all the items, which have beeu separately 
calculated, that form the aggrrgate cost of this section, 
the.average per mile is I55.1C1. 

and $55-161x6= $330.9CG 

Aqueduct of 80 feet span, to pass the Cro- ^H 

ton, and a land arch to pass the road, of 16 ^^| 

feet span, are together estimated at • 53,251 ^^M 

Add Muscoot dam and reservoir, - 40,565 5^^ 

Contingencies, - - 21,239 12^ 

Total estimated i.ost of Muscoot reser- 
voir and line of aqueduct, including arch 

loading on the south bank of the Croton, 

St GarretsoD's mill, • - - $446,021 66^ 

Calcntations have also been matte, of tlte prolmijle con 

of an o|inD canal channct-niiy fur the proposed acrjiieducC 

firom Mu9cool <larn to Garretson'd mill, and large ciiuugh 

ndmit n clear sectinnal area of 72 square, when 

nuiug at a depth of 5 feet. TIik various items entering 

ito, and constituting the cost of a work executed on this 

linn, have been collected into an aggregate snin, tvliich, 

ir 6 miles of o|)cii canal, Miiscoot Dam, land flowed, and 

images involveil, amounts to, including arch of 80 faot, 

1220,004 54. 

The difference in cost, according to tbe foregoing esli- 

et, between an open canal clisnncl'woy, and cylindri- 

il tunnel of masonry, 8 feet in diameter, buried in the 

rth beyond the rcnch of frost, from Mnscoot dam to 

farretiion's mill, is $217,017 14. The character of the 

rork, in all other respects, being alike in l>otb cases. 

Having ascertained tho probable cost of comtiicting the 

woters of the Croton from a fountain head, created by a 

dam at Muscoot hill, the higbcHt point that invited exum- 

inotion in relation to a line of aqueduct by the Croton val- 

deyand the margin of the llud^^on, the next object of cBpe- 

^Ctul interest was to ascertain, from a careful oxamination 

^nto tbe whole merits of the qiieslion, whether a high dam nt 

•iGarrelson'd mill, and a line of aqueduct ori(;inatiog at a 

fountain head thus created, raised high enough to admit 

of tbe same declivity as the preceding, that is to «ay, 15 

inches to the mile, might not be found to bear a favorable 

comparison with it as a starting point for the proposed snp- 

*|>1y, if not decidedly superior, in its claims for this purpose, 

to any point higher up. 

1 Assuming on elevation for the dam at ibis place, suited 
io the above condition of declivity, adopted previously, 
from the Muscoot darn, that under consideration must Ite 
-168 //; above tide, and raised 44 isi feet above the bed of 
.iJie Kiver, on the rapid 400 feet below Gurreston's mill. 
. Our instrumental exuininations, based on a line at this al> 
<itu4ei rcsuUtid in showing that tho wliole flats be^wfisa 




Doc. No. 44.] 480 

Gnrrelson'R mill nnd Muscoot liill \vnu]3 ht coreretT, toi 
» small portion of UnH abovt^ tliid bill ; llie wnter in llie 
ebannel-way of ihr river he tnulteil up tlirce-fourths of « 
mile atiOTu MccbanicsviMc ; Pine's bridge tvoubl bn covered, 
which, with the roarfwny leadinjDT to \t, would nccessftrily 
reqiiiro to he elevated. Garrctson's mill esIabtiehfnL'nt, ■ 
mill at Crotonvillc, together with ttrenly other builifings, 
woaM be flowed. The [niblic bigliway, also, for a great 
part of the distance, wonid require to be traDBferrc^ 
higher ground. 

The quantity of land tliat wouM be flunked by a d 
raised to the furegoing elevafton, is computed to be ' 
acres, mostly of good quality ; and, tnken altogether, is es- 
timated to be worth $75 per acre. 

Then 391 mnltiplicd by '5 gives 

Uamag'es to mills ami dwellings, some of 
which arc of good quality, but the greater 
part small and inconsiderable, more or less 
dilapidated, are, altogether, valued &t 

Hebitilding Pine's briii^c, and embanking 
roadway to it, estimated to cost 

Contingent damage!', to cover improve- 
ments other than the buildings before enu- 
merated, - . . . , 

Ealiuiated amount of damages to land 
and buildings, by high reservoir at Garret* 
son's mill - - . . 



is es- 




$93,614 00 

The dam, as has before been observed, must be raised 
44.75 ftet above the beil oftlie river, and l(J8iVV above 
tide, as the site selected as most suitable for its location. 
It will be 400 feet long on top line. The south shore and 
bed of the river are rock. The plan of construction pro- 
posed for lh\<i dam is briefly described as follows: tho 
central portion, constituting the tumbling way, and the ad- 
jacent abutments, to be raised not less than feet higher 
tfasn the top line of the dam, arc supposed to be formed of 

byclraulic mnsorry, grouicd tbroughout, nnd render- 
imjiiTviousio '. r^c:. I'he leogih ufdnm, between iibut- 
nl9, is 100 fuct; abiilriicnls, ID fcetihidt. Tliickiieas 
mB5o:iiT. on lop of dnm, 16 feet ; ii|)-stream Aice, per- 
Ipendiciilar ; dowa-^ireain face of <Jatn, slopirg nt a;t nngle 
ijf 60°. The exterior face of the aliiitiiiciils, or wing wLilla, 
ive jiittt:! walls [irnjuctlng 8 to 10 feci, so as to form a 
4oiii]d connexion \t itli the embankment, (of wlilch the ends 

thu dum me proposed to be formed,) prolcclcd nnd a 
ported, on the down-atrnam side, by a heavy compact slope 
%a)l. A dam, bo constructed, tind made In jmssess tlie 
«harp.cter of great durnbdity, may be conipU^led fVir tlic 

gross sum of $6U,1T4 70 

'I'hi^ bein<r the amount of the various 
iteiRS tvhnn collected togcilirr. 
' Add the estimated ainotitit of diimnges 
Ar buildings, land, &.c. as per preceding 
•(iitemRnt connected with reservoir ut Gar- 
ill, $93,CI4 00 

0.44r f 

' Total cost of dam and reservoir nt this 

[place, $102,788 70 

Amount of cost to bring the supply from 
Muscoot rsservoir to the same point, name- 
Ijp, the south shore of Croton river, at'Gur- 
setson's mill, ia .... 1)446,021 68 j 

DiSerencc in favor of this position is $283,232 98 

According to the forgoing estimates, of the value of pro- 
perty destroyed by the reservoirs, and cost of the structures 
Conuected respectively with them, .bringing the supply to 
cbe same point in both cases, and at the same ahilude, to 
Vit, 168} feet above high tide, allowing of a declivity of 15 
inches to the mill, to the distributing reservoir, 41 miles 
distant, whose surface will bo 117 feei above tide. 
ytltfUBuled cost of conducting the water froiu Muscoot 

1>oc. No. M-] 432 

dam, by an op«n cana), inHiiding all expenses, to tM ihw» 
point, 10 viil, the Houtli ahoru of lUi; Croian, ac GarreHoa*! 
will i«. . . • - - - 9229,004 M 

£slimaii^ilcu5t of da in, rcBrrrvotr, and dam 
aged of every Ititiil, coriiiecieil with obtaining 
(Lfbuntuin head Qi Garrclsoii'd mill, in 

DilTercncc in favor of this position for 
fountnin head, iiisiuaduf MubcdoI dum, and 
open canal, . - - . 


; m 

860,315 84 

It has liefore been stated, that a level and Burrcy wrrv 
tmcod, designating I he liounttury of a ref crvoir that would 
be fortncil by a dum at Garrataon's mill, ruisetl 155^- feci 
above tide; this, It was futnid, would flow the itnts more 
than three miles above the dum, and cover 170 acres of 
laud I nuiirlynllof good qiiulity ; Gurretson's mill would ti« 
drowned out by this ilnm, ond a mill at Crotonrillc dam* 
aged, though not ilcstroyed, together with 10 other build- 
iogs, mustly of no great value. 

The utnonni of ilnuinges involved in this mse, nlthougb 
they full inucli below the nmount involved by the liigli dam 
and reservoir lirfuro dewrihed, ulill bora too large a pro- 
portion til adinit it iiitn tho scale of compirison us to re- 
lative advuntuge, all things considered, bs the diflcrcncc in 
bead between this and Iiigli reservoir, over 13 feet, waa 
considered of paramount importance, among others, for the 
following reason, thut the head gained would much more 
than conipcntjate the incrt'ased i-nst of high dam and rcaer- 
voir, by ndniiiting of a diminished cnpacity of channel- 
way to deliver llic required supply. Hence, although all 
the items of cost have been carefully considered and cal- 
culuted, together with the probal)tc amount of damages to 
land Hiid other pro|«rty, involved by the erection of n dam 
raised to this altitude, it is not deemed ncce.tsary to state 
tlium, because, after having wolt considered the relative 
advuutagos between a fountain head obtained at Muscoot 

4m [Doc. No. 44. 

Hill, or by a dam at Garretson'ii mil), creating a reservoir, 
at an elevation of 1554 feet, or 168i feot at tliia Inst place. 
The liigli dam and reservoir arc decidedly preferred, as 
least costly and most efficient for the purpose contemplated. 

From Garretson's mill a line of location, with top sur- 
face of grade for channel-way at 168 feet above tide, wn* 
traced to the head of tide, near Halman's milt, at a decliv- 
ity of 15 inches to the milo, along the face of side hill, 
wliich angle of inclination varies from 10° to 30°. The 
lace of ibe slope is much broken by ridges and indonta- 
tioDS, involving, for short distances, alternately heavy cnt- 
ting anil filling. Still they are generally so short, and bal- 
aacc each other so nearly, thut but little extra cost m, on 
this account, involved. A portion of the excavation will be 
rock, which Clin be all used up, either for embankment, 
•lope wall, or in the masonry for culverts, &c. The gronnd, 
oo the whole, is pretty favorable for the construction of a 
channal-way for proposed aqueduct, if of masonry ; but not 
M iDucb BO for ati open canal, which, at so great an elera- 
tion, and situated on a siirfucc of so great a declivity as the 
«ide bill on the left bank of the Croton is, between the 
points above named, could not be regarded as quite safe, 
without being well lined inside, hut for n regular channel- 
Way of masonry, occupying much less breadth ; the ground 
m this section of 5 miles, to wit, from tiarrelson's mill to 
nouth of Croton, admits of a safe and cheap construction, 
leu than the average between the mouth of Ci'oton and 
Harlem river. 

No culverts of large dimensions are required on this sec- 
tion of the route, nor istheir numbergreat; generally. They 
.■re eonteniplnted to be formed of masonry, sometimes of 
,«j'lindrical form, and in some cases semicircular arches. 

Before leaving the Croton valley with the line of loea- 
tiottf tt was deemed important to examine into the feasi- 
Irility of throwing a dam across the river, at or near the 
beadof tidi.', and raise a fountain head at once, loan ele- 
TBttoo of ISO feet above tide, which would admit of a d«- 

Doc. No. 44.] 


divily of one foot per mite to tbo distribntmg'l 
Two positions offered themselves qs Eiiitakle locaijoms fer 
Ui« propose)) duni, ono at the beaii of lh« rapid, 500 feet 
above Holnmn's mill, '.20 frat above tide ; (he otber alwui 
the aarno ditttRnce below this n>ill, wliere the ohores are 
blafb of rock 50 feot high, and approoch wtthia 75 to 80 
feet of each other. The bed of the river ii, in both esses, 
rock. The south shore, in both posilioriB, ia very favorable, 
and either site is remarkably well adapted to the porpoac 
required ; should such a plan l>e thought, on full examina- 
tion into its neritH, to be feasible. 

The site to which the following estimate is applied, is 
that at the head of the ropid above the mill. The height 
of the dam here would be 'H) feet less, but the length 
would be increased in a corresponding ratio. The length 
of the top line of a dam in this place would bo 700 feet; 
while thfl top line of a dam, at the lower site, would bo 
only 5U0 feet. The peculiar features of the localities 
io question are such as to render it probable that the 
cost would not materially vary for a dam at either place. 
Following up this examlnatioo, r level was conducted, 
at the foregoing elevalion, up the iiurih bank of tho 
CroLon, marking the boundairy of the proposed reser- 
voir, until it encountered the bold atcep banks of the river, 
near Garretson'H mill, where, crossing over, a level od tlie 
south side, marking the boundary to the proposed dam, ws» 
traced. It was ascertained, by the foregoing examinations, 
that a dam, raised 150 feet, would back the water of the 
Croton more than one mile above Garretson's mill, before 
it is confined witbin its banks ; yet, on account of the near 
approach of the high grounds to the rivor, very little land 
above Garretson's mill would be flowed. 

The length of the reservoir, as above supposed, raised 
150 feet above tide, would be a fraction over 6 miles, and 
for the greater part of this distance it would average over 
1,000 feet in width. The reservoir formed by a dam rais- 
ed to an elevation of 168| feet at Garretson's mill, would 

48Q [Doc. No. 44. 

he S\ nilea long, but considerably less in breadth. The 
quantity of land flowed liy tfao Halman's mill reaervoir, 
would exceed the amount flowed by the Garretson's mill 
reservoir and that at Muscoot hill added together ; yet, on 
account of the inferior quality of the land, and the number 
_ of buildings being two less, damnges for land, houiee, mills, 
Itod factories will not he greater than are incurred by the 

rirretson's mill reservoir. 
The quantity of land flowed by the lower, or Halman'a 
ireservoir, is 550 acres ; surface of the river included, 150 
more; making the whole surface of this reservoir about 
9 acres. Much the greater portion of the land is rough 
. _ 1 broken, not worth over $20 to $25 per acre. A por- 
^on is of medium quality, consisting of upland slopes ; the 
residue are flats, not of so good a quality as those higher 
np the river. The whole may be divided, as to quantity 
knd quality, into the following grades. 
134 acres of best quality, estimated at $70 

^r acre. $9,380 

' 190 do. medium do. $40 7,600 

326 do. rough, rocky land, do. $20 4,520 


I Making altogether, for laod, 


4 The mills which would be drowned otit, are mostJy not 
i«f much value, except the wire factory. They are 
GarretsoD'a grist and saw mill, 
Tompkins' do. mill. 
Small Fulling do. 
do. Saw do. and Wire Factory, 

lew, including water privileges, land, building, and ma- 
Miinery, are estimated to be worth $10,000. 

Allowing half to be lost, the damage will be $5,000 
The other mills, exclusive of water privi- 
)ge and land, are estimated, in the Rggre- ' ^^ i 

gate, to be worth .... - 7|$P9.3 

13 Unemenii, ume of tlieiu iagooi eon- 
diiion, liiit moat of tltem small and dilapi- 
dated, ara nUogctlior, wiilt the Burrouuding 
improveinetita usually found in connection 
will) siicli Iniildio^j itnd taruiiog establish- 
menu, esUmaicd ot - - - - 

Whole catitnatcd amount of damage to 
^itU ai>d houtea, . , . . . 


j^,,^JE>tiaiatad cost of dam, built tn a substamial maoocr. 

.of ttiu best nmterialg, composed, in great part, of mauive 
Hydraulic niasoiiry, well grouted from bed of river to lop 
of dam, weir, a tumbling-way 100 feel between abutinenU> 
and 24 feet wide on top, rendering it a good substitute for 
ibe bridge next above it, bcreby destroyed ; u|>-sireain 
fare of dam perpeodiculur, tbe dowu-slrcam face formed 
at'an angle of 60°. The abutments are computed to be 90 
feet thick, and to extend G feet above tbe face of ibe 
tumbling-way, on the down-siream side, and extend from 
the iace of masonry of tile u|)-stream srde, at an nn^le of 
4^'', provided with ju[teeivalli<, extending 10 lo 12 feet from 
nice of abutment, next to the embankment, of which ihe 

' Kbis of the dam are supposed lo be formed, so as to make 
a sound joining to the grnvcl, which constitutes the em- 
bankment ; the whole of which iato be protected by a slope 
wall, laid dry, of selecleil stone, S feet thick. A plan and 
elevation of this dam will be given, showing more particu- 
larly how it is intended lo be constructed, when Ihe maps 
and profile.^ acrompaying this report are presoDted. All 
the ilemi of cast, for a dam of the dimensions and mode of 
qonitruction contemplated in tbe foregotog description, 
have been sepoifately calculated, and being collected, con- 
^paUi the following aggregate sum of - S2lQ,SO0 

Estimated cost of raising and rebuiMing 
Tompkins' Bridge, . - - . J5.000 

yo- Fowler's Bridge, at the wire factory, ii»ay 

487 [Doc.«^^ ' 

be dispensed with, damage therefor, enti- 

niaied at ------ ■ ^85,CiOO 

Total estimated cost of lower dam and 

reservoir, $275,200 

The water rights, in all the estimates, have been ex- 
cluded, because the damages to mill property oa the Cte- 
ton will lie stibstnntially the same, on whatever plan, or at 
whaterer place the waters of that river may be diverted to 
furnish the desired supply lo the city of New- York. The 
foregoing remark is held to bo just, so far as the mills and 
factories actually erected, and in operation, are concerned ; 
but not as it respects the effect in relation to the intrinsic 
value of water rights unimproved, and especially below 
Garretson's mill, where the fall in the river i.s much more 
rapid, and more easily rendered available, and may be con- 
l^jiilerod to possess additional value on that account. 

The greatest amount of unimproved water poweronthe 
Eroion, is near its month, where the river passes throu|fh 
^e Van Courrlandt estate ; on this portion of the Croton, 
Jibout one half of the whole full, between Muscoot Hill and 
9ife Hudson, occurs; but, on account of the necessary cost rc- 
|iiired to render this very great water power available, and 
Be deep contracted valley through which the Croton passes, 
lardly affording building ground on its margin, in some 
I the water power may be said to possess but little 

"IP, however, the proposed dam at Halman's mill should 
) erected, the case would be very different, the fall of 
i^ater being concentrated at the head of tide, in connection 
trith the navigable waters of the Hudson, and the side bifls 
Iklllng off at genilc slopes, affording an opportunity of 
VliBing the water iiower any where in the vicinity of the dam, 
», at very moderate cost, nSbrding a choice of ground of 
|reat extent, under circumstances which will allow of using 
ate water over five'or six times; by means of which ar- 
'angemcnt, the water power of the Croton, even after 
mllowing a large portion of its waters to pass away lo sup- 


•Doe. No. «.] «8 

ply New- York, would bI'iII be greater ilian, under other 
circumstnncea, the whole volume of the river would aifibrd. 

On this plan of drawiii{( a supply from the Croton, the 
water ))owef would scnrcely ljediuiim!ihe<l,orEustiiiouyiir7, 
nt least for a long time to come. If the above view of Uw 
matter be correct, it rullowg. that the least amount ef 
damngea will be consequent upon a diversion of the Cro- 
ton river to supply New- York, by raising a fountaiu bead 
at Hnlman's mill, and allowing the surplus waters lo be 
used below it, that the case admits of; the proprietor would 
in ihia case be benefited rather than injured in hia waier 

The foregoing are the esults that have been preEenl«d 
l)j the survey and examination of the Croton valey ; a re- 
gion of country highly interesting lo the citizens of JVew- 
York, affording ihem, as it does, the best, if not tbe oul; 
source, from whence an abundant supply of pure water mat 
be drawn, for their present and future use. 

Before leaving the valley of Croton, it may be ]troper to 
remark, that although the dam at Halman's would, io one 
case, be 150, and, if located at the head of tbe rapid, 130 
feet high, it is not on that account impracticable, at a rea- 
sonable cost, nor liable, if suitably constructed, to prema- 
ture decay. The estimate supposes it to bamainlj/ formed 
of hydraulic masonry, laid compact, well bonded, and 
grouted throughout ; nor is it, in relation to its oltilode, 
without a parallel ; one at least, of this height, has been 
constructed in France, and is regarded as a perraaoeot, 
durable structure. In supplying the city of Edinburgh with 
water, an embankment, not materially varying, in elevation 
and other dimensions, from the dam under consideration, 
was thrown across a deep valley, and is considered as a 
safe and durable work. There is, indeed, no intrinsic difS- 
culty, apart from the cost in this case, the proper form, 
dimensions, materinls and mode of construction being duty 
regarded ; we may therefore rely with confidence on tbe 
practicability of erecting such a structure, even if* carried 
to a greater height. 

[Doc. No. 44. 

From what has been said, I desire that it should not lead 
to the ioferenco of my wishing to urge arguments in favor 
of a dam at this place, on the plan before proposed. The 
only object in the examinations relating to it, being that of 
affording the means of bringing it into a comparison with 
ibe other points examined with reference to a starting point, 
and to eipress, without hesitation, my own entire confidence 
in the practicability of the work, regarded as a sound, per- 
manent structure, and the sufficiency of the sum allotted in 
the estimate to give it such a character, and then leave it, 
as I shall do all other matters treated of in this report, to 
its own merits in the estimation of the commissioners, who 
are, in this case, the proper judges. 

It seemed also desirable, in connection with what had 
previously been done, to try a location originating at a 
fountain head raised 150 feet above tide, and 5 miles nearer 
the city, especially as a recent survey had traced a line of 
location originating from a fountain bead at MuscootHill, 
at about the same elevation, and carried to the city at the 
same declivity as that herein considered as originating at 
OarreUon's milt, at an elevation of 168 feet above tide. 

In carrying on this design, it was easy to note the difTer- 
eace at those |>oints of particular difficulty, where heavy 
cntting and filling cannot be avoided, and by a careful 
anttiyaia of the data applicable to each, ascertain which, 
under all the circumstances, was best adapted to the object 
in view. Along the general face of the sloping ground be- 
tween the (Mints juet alluded to, it was also easy to deter- 
mine as to the relative advantage due to the respective 

This course seemed the more desirable, as, so far as 
known, no regular instrumental examination, at so low an 
elevation, had been carried through ; it was therefore cal- 
culated to contribute more to the general stock of fact, than 
could otherwise be obtained at so small a cost of limo. 

Further, it may be proper to remark, that, nfter a thorough 
I «xamiaatton into the feasibility of the plan of a high dam 

Dm. No. 44.1 490 

and reservmr at Lbe mouth of llieCroton, raiting' ft fonsuui 
hMul 150 feet nbore tide, orul establishing this a« the point 
from tvliicfa n line of aqticduct ma; convey the waterv of tfat 
Croton to supply tho city of New-- York, the result to wUtk 
my minil arrivod wns, that a decided prefereoce wus dnel* 
litis plan, because it would save, according totbeestimiUf 
with which it coraparfis, nearly 9200,000 in cost, nnd f«- 
dim the damage, on the score of water rights, to llie lowest 
possible amoitnt, making the whnle difference in its favor 
nbout $250,000, on the supposition that the uDimprorgd 
water power especially benefited, is worth $50,000, be- 
tween Tompkins' Bridge and the dam in question. The 
whole fall between these points, nearly 100 feet, bein« con- 
centrated at one point in connection with the navigable 
waters of the Hudson, will render the surplus tvnter here 
of more value than the whole river in its natural state. 
under the system of detached improvements, is now worth. 
With this view of the subject, it wns thought advisable 
to adapt our location, for the line of aqueduct from the 
Craton to New-York, to this, as the leading plan, and in our 
progress down with the line uf location, to examine the 
ground in reference to the relative advantage between ike 
bigh grade, originating from the reservoir at Gorrettoo'* 
mili) and that here proposed, originating from the reser- 
voir at Halmsn's mill, nearthe mouth of the Croton. Ac- 
cordingly, tho bne of location, which had been Irared to 
this point, was discontinued, by dropping our level 12]V} 
feet, the dilTurence between the two ; and our location, thus 
inodilied, was continued toward the city. 

Near the point of divergence from the Croton, the lino cros- 
ses a ravine at Col. Hunt's, the extreme depth of which is 
43 feet, nnd width, at line of grade, 300 feet; immediately 
after crossing this, the line encounters a ridge, smooth in its 
external appearance, but, from the known formation of this 
region, a considerable proportion of the excavation through 
it may be rock, and is so estimated. Tho highest point of 
this ridge is 54 feet, and the distance through, 1,300 feet, 


[Doc. No. 44 

Igiontiig and enJitig ivitli 8 feet ; about ?00 feet of this 
ige, in tlie estimate, U siipposeii to be [iinnel. Passing 
it of this (Icet) cut, another ruvine occnri', requiring Iieavy 
nbankinent, greatest depth 35 feet, and brendth at grade 
fi'cSOOfeet ; passing this, the line encounters the point of 
(idge, wlioac greiitest tieptli of cut is 28 feet, and distance 
iroiigfi,700. Thficartli uml other ninterial removed from 
lis cut will be required for embankment in passing tlic 
L mentioned ravine. The ground now, till wo come 
tthin a quarter of a mile of Sing Sing, is tolerably favor- 
Ue J here a ravine, 500 feet wide and ISJ greatest depth, 
rto be passed; immediately after, a ridge occurs, whose 
redtest height is 25 feet, and will average 17 for the dis- 
tiice of 1,200 feet; passing onward, the chosm, ordecp 

5 at Sing Sing, is met with, Its greatest depth, at ttio 
bint passed over, Js 96 feet distance across ; on line of grade, 
76 feet, requiring a culvert of 12 feet span. The lino 

s through the village without encountering buildings, 
^th deep cutting, suflicicnt to bury the aqueduct entirely 
Bt of view. Between Sing Sing and Sparta a long deep 
it occurs, the greatest depth is 52 feet, and for a quarter 
fa mile will average .32 feet ; this deep cut maybe avoided 
w turning the flank of the ridge next ihe river, but then r 
InuoRS course and heavy embankment would be the result, 
i' passing ihe intervening valley, by which no saving in 
t would bo effected. Sparta valley is nest passed, it U 
WO (eel wide in the dircclii 
Fesaion OS feet ; the line nn\ 

if our course, extreme de- 
,by a sinuous course, is traced 

pilong the undidating side hill of the Hudson river slope, 
nAtil It cornea to a depression in the ridge terminating at 
no stone church, near Slecjiy Hollow ; this passed half a 
Pite north ofthechurc-h.we come to Mifl river, which is cros- 
8 will be seen by referring to the map, near its mouth, 
nils locution was finally chosen, atier having made several 
WitUtop:i«^ this valley higher up. The various course* 
titnmined for this purpose, are indicated on the map by 
d tines. The greatest depression of the ravine or valley oc- 



cupied by Mill river, it 66 foet, the brfadtb, i 
line, ii 840 fuel. 

Wa will Bloi) here to romnrk. ihal this vnltey may h% 
passed l>y n dam, at once, and the waters of Mill river 
taken into llic general stn>\>\y. The surface of a roserroir 
that would he formed hy stich a dam, would (irolrablj' not 
exceed 35 acres ; it would flow Lewis Carl's mill, (nbout 
one mile up the vulley from where our line eronscs it,) about 
4 feet above his present dam ; this mill, and Mr. Beekman's 
below, would be destroyed by this plan, and rendered 
eijiially useless by any other mode of turning Mill river 
into the line of aqueduct ; ihe damage to mill property by 
diverting Hill river, woidd be abnut 910,OOU. In the esti* 
mate, this valley is supposed to he passed by cmbiinkment 
and cnlvert, the difference in cnst will not be material, 
whether passed by a dam, or by embankment. 

JVear Tarrytowu, another deep ravine occurs, wlioM 
breadth is 700 feet, and greatest depth 22 feet. Passing on, 
through the upper part of the village, nodifficiiliiesaremet 
with till we come too jMint nbout2 miles south, where a val- 
ley 1,800 feet wide occurs, whose greatest depression is 16 
feut. Continuing onward, one mile north of Dubb'n ferry, a 
ravine is met with, 400 feet on line of grade, and 43 feet 
greatest depth, next, ul the landing;nnoiher ravine, 500 feei 
broad, und 52 greatest depth, is passed over : tracing our line 
onward, over the undulating side hill slope, no difficulty is 
met with, until we encounter the dividing ridge intervening 
between saw mill river ; the most favorable crossing place we 
could 6nd, atier ample examination, was by following a de- 
pression across Ihe ridge, about 4 miles north uf the village 
of Yonkers. This ridge is the most formidable obstacle to he 
overcome, in the construction of liie proposed aqueduct, 
that occurs between the Croton nnd Hurlem rivers, its 
greatest elevation is C6 feet, and for more than half a mile, 
will exceed 30 feel. Whole length of this deep cut is J 
of a mile; in the estimate. 2,500 feel of this ridge is com- 
puted lo be tunnel. Saw-mill valley next oceurs ; its hreadib 

Ui [DocINo. 44. 

1 the line of graile, is 700 feet, and the furface of the 
r 24 feet below the surface of aqueduct. 
Mere we iiiiglit pass by a dam at moderate cost, by means 
It which the Saw-mill river might be taken in, to augment 
he Bup|}Iy ; but this plan, at present, is deemed objection- 
lb!e, [irincipally because it would prematurely divert the 
^fraierfrom the valuable mills at and near the village of Yod- 
fcers, which would involve heavier damages than the divcr- 
Hon of the Croton itself; while the supply, independent of 
hit stream, will be sufficient for a century to come. The 
Htimate therefore supposes Saw-milt river to be pasfted by 
ia embankment, and large culvert of 16 feet span. 
The line now having gained the western slope of the 
ftigh land east of Saw-mill river, continues down over fa- 
ctorable ground, wilh moderate lateral declivity, until it 
Arrives at a point about 4 miles distant, and nearly nppo- 
ite the village of Yonkcrs, whore a depression in the di- 
tjdiiig ridge between Tibbil's occurs, through which, 
nllowing the course of the public road, it passes into the 
''alley of Tibbii's brook. This valley is proposed to be 
iBSsed by a dam, lo be located near its bead, flowingn sur- 
face of about 40 acres, hounded by secluded high ground, 
^inoslly covered by timber and shrubbery, imparting to (he 
idjacent country the appearance of cleanliness, rendering 
Bus a highly eligible posiiinn for n storing reservoir, for 
^ilrhich purpose, D. B. Douglass, Esq. in his report, re- 
tommcnds it, and in which I entirely concur. 

From this storing reservoir, at the head of Tibbit's val- 
ty, the line is traced along the western slope of the ridge 
^ high land which terminates at McComb's dam, mostly 
iver favorable ground. Opposite Van Courtlandi's, the 
Ine passes through a depression of the ridge, and gains tho 
Mstern slope.which it follows till within a short distance of 
the point deemed most favorable for crossing Harlem 
hver, where, passing through another depression of the 
t^Mge, (the highest crest of which is but little above our 
frade,) it again attains the western slope, which it followi. 


Doc ?to- U.} ^94 

converging gradually toward* ibo high tandf on ibc oppcrfte 
Mb of Harlem river, litl arriving at a point ocnr which 
the ridge i> Hividcil by a doep ravine, about ^ of n mile 
north of McComb'a Jum, it crosaes tbia river, wboie vall«j 
on th« line of grade, is 1,320 feet wide, and 940 feet vndt 
at an elevation of 25 feci above high tide ; the river is 610 
foat wide, skirled on its northern border hy a strip oT bot- 
tom land, 35 feet high and 2110 wide. 

Having gained New-York island, the line for a ehartdij- 
tance is traced along a Btecp, broken, rocky aide hill; 
leaving this, it attains a more even surface and favorable 
location to the iKrniinalion of tite high lands north of Meo- 
hattanville, where (in the position noticed ia the report of 
D. B. DoiiglasH, Esq.) \s very favorahle ground for s reser* 
voir, which may be of large capacity. This is the 
positiou for the receiving reservoir, and the point ofK 
nation for iho line of aqueduct in its ordinary form. Fi 
this point it is proposcil to conduct the water through iron 
pipes of large cailhre, to a distributing reservoir, located 
between the 5th and Glh avenues, at their Intersection with 
33th Street, where our line of location terminated on a 
iimoolh elevation, well adapted to the purpose above de- 
Bignateil, and probably the best thai could be selected. 

I omitted to notice in its proper place, that a reservoir 
for storing and equalizing the supply of water, is projiosed 
to be located half a mile north of the point designated for 
crossing Hai'lcm river ; a very favorable position is here 
offered, inclosed, ingrcut pari, by natural ramparts ofrock. 
and only requiring small expense to render it complete 
of large capacity, not less (though it was not moasuredji 
20 acres, as was cstimuted. 

The reservoir north of Manhattan valley may 
large capacity, serving the threefold puriwso of a rcceivu 
staring, and equaliicing reservoir- The ground is very 
voiahlc for the purpose, the boimdary, being already 
great part, formed by ridges of lock, leaving only a small 
porttobeattidcially cousliuctcd of earlb andmaaiiiu'y. Ax 



pg« a Mirracc. as can conveniently be inclosed for this 
tervoir, should be secured, bccaust! land bore is of less 
value iKiin nearer the city. 

Between tliie receiving reservoir and that proposed at 
'^th Street as a distribuliog reservoir, no other is deemed 
icessary at iKceeiit, at least (he more especially if the 
i» pijic connecting the two be of the capncJty herein ro- 
nmended, nuniely, 6 feet liiameter ; this large sixo of 
Hpc will also render it unnecessary to have the surface of 
be distributing reservoir so large as is recommended in 
Be rc|)urt of D. B. Douglass, Est). One half of the capacity 
B recommends is deemed sufficient, occupying only one 
i^ck of ground. 

The reservoirs herein recommended, connected with the 
loring and distribution of the wnter,nre the following.lo wit: 
Jkl, Rl the head of Tilibil's valley ; 2il, half a mile north of 
ne crossing of Harlem river; 3d, main receiving reser- 
roir, near the extremity of the high ground norlhof Man- 
kttanville, where the channel wuy of aqueduct in masonry 
jhds ; and 4th, the distributing reservoir, between 5ih and 
fth Avenues, at their intersection with 38th Street. These 
nedocmed amply suRicient, taken together tbeir; surface 
^1 over 80 acres. The lower three are within SJ miles ex- 
Ueme distance, and the full capacity of the aqueduct is 
maintained to the receiving reservoir near Manhattanvillc ; 
ftom that to the distributing reservoir 6 feet pipe is pro- 
pined, which will be capable of delivering three times the 
amount required, every 24 buurs, by the present population 
of the city. Under this arrangement, therefore, no fears need 
'le entertained as to the sufficiency and promptitude uf the 
npply, on any emergency likely to arise. 

Returning from the digression relative to reservoirs, I 
will here remark, that n line was run from the reservoir 
r Harlem river, following the riiige to McComb'sdum, 
crossing the river at this place, and uniting with the other, 
BOrth of the receiving reservoir. The object in view in 
doing this, was to ascertain how far onr grade could be 

Doe. No. 440 *^^ 

Bupported in nppronchrng McComb's ilam, and Zd, lo ob- 
tain (lata for forming n eomparntivc estimate of itie proba- 
ble cost of passinf; Hnrlem river nl tliis point, connect- 
ing with the rceervoir ni^nr Manhaltanvillo, or coiilinuinj 
■cross ManhfltiDn vnlley by means of iron pi|>C8 connectiof 
with a reservoir south of this vnlley, and lliciiceto llie dis- 
tributing reservoir. This done, on the 3d of Jannury insi. 
the field duties of the surrey were closed und ibc pony dt>- 
banded, well pleased at being released froui labors which, 
during a {lart of the Itme, were necessarily connected villi 
■evcre exposure to inclement weather. It isduu to tlien 
to bear tfslimony to the fuithfulness and unremilcd dili- 
gence manifested in the discharge nf their rc^pecUre 

This line is cxhibiied on the rnnp, hut the merits of ihii 
plan did not, on reflection, ctilitlc it, in my mind, to be 
made the subject of a ieparnte estimate. 

The whole distance from Mu.scoot dam to distiibutinj 
reservoir, nniitting fractions, is 47 inilcs, subdivided a* fol- 
lows : from Muscool dum to Garrclson's mill, G miles'; from 
this to Hatn)an'B mill at mouth of Croton, 5 miles ; (hcncc 
to the rectiving rofiervnir, 30i niik-a ; and 5J from that to 
ibe distributing reservoir. 

From Muscoot dam to distributing reservoir is 47 mitS^ 
From Garretson'a Do. J)o. Do. 41 Do. 
From Halman's Do. Do. Do. 3G Do> 

of which 5| miles will be iron pipe of Ini^e capacity, 
inverted syphon, J of a mile long to )>ass Harlem rivei 
compiitod to be f feet diameter, mode of wrought ii 
inch thick ; the remaining 5} miles from the receiving to 
the distributing reservoir, is computed to be 6 feet in diam- 
eter; the estimate supjwses this to be cast irnn, J of an in:fa 
thick. It might be mode of wronglit iron of this size, at 
about the same expense as if of cast oietal. 






[Doc. No. 44i 

Should the high grade line of aqueduct he adopted, ori- 
|inating at Garretson'a mill, the capacity of channel way 
Rlited to this declivity, and adapted to the delivery of the 
ftrdinnry summer flaw of the Croton, is computed to bo 
iqual to 50 feet area, of a cylindrical form. 8,'jV feet diam- 
tcr. Thickness of its inclosing mbIIc, 14 inches, formed 
|f good hydraulic masonry, and well grouted throughout. 

If ihe low grade of one foot to the mile be adopted, a 
nliuder 9 fcKt in diameter is recommended as of suitable 
npacity to deliver the required supply, 1o be formed in the 
Vme manner as the preceding. These dimcnsiomi and 
e considered best under the circumstances supposed, 
iitherof these cyliadrical channel ways, if lying inadircct 
ine, would deliver about 60,000,000 of gallons in 24 hours. 
Hit owing to the very circuitous course the aqueduct must 
l^ke, one third of this quantity is deducted, and 40,000,000 
pillons taken ns the quantity they respectively are capable 
^ delirering daily into the distributing reservoir. 

Having gone through with n general description of the 
onntry traversed by the proposed line of aqueduct, and 
OEplained the outlines of the design, or plati proposed for 
ptroducing an umple supply of water into tho city, espc 
4alty as regards the channel way, its dimensions, form, 
lod mode of construction ; and also treated of the length 
M>d sectional dimensions of tho iron pipe, and the system of 
Bservoirs ; hcfore we proceed to state estimates of the 
probable cost involved in executing this design, it »tll be 
^oper, in order to render the description of the remaining 
Mrta of it more intelligible, and the wholo more I'omplctc, 
iiint a brief review of the prominent features of the coun- 
ry between the mouth of tho Croton and York Island be 
oken, and, as we pass along, to explain what was omitted 
D the outline before given, and particularly how those poii 
involving peculiar difliculty, or cost, arc proposed to be 
nssed, and the diRiculties overcome. This done, the es- 
timates, applicable to the execution of the whole work, 
■rill be staled, and tho report, after a few concluding re- 

irkg, will be closed. 




Dec. No. 44.] 408 

On Icnving tho mouth oT the Craton,' iVe gdncrsl aspect 
of the country aBSumca <]uite n difTcrtint appearance, at 
may readily ho rnfprred from the ihelch previously given. 
Deep cuts and ravines occur in rnpid succession, until nc 
paas the valley of Mill river, involving great extra cost, 
which cannot be avoided by any inude of construction, or 
tnuTertalty varied by a few feet diffeicnce in the cleratiun 
of tho grade. This remark is, to a great extent, true, in 
relation to the whole route, as will moru readily appear 1)tb 
refcTcncG to the maps, profiles, and drawings herewith ])re- 
gented. By these it ivill be seen, (hat, in some instances, 
the low grade, originating at the Halman dam, and 
high grade, originating at Garrclson's mill, pass 
and vallios at ths same points; in oiherK, a vaHatl 
adapted to the iiecitliur feutures of the country, hecoil 
proper. In the first case, the high grade has less deep 
eiitthig, bat more cmbankmcnl, making the cost, on strik- 
ing a balance, ahont equal to the low grade, with more 
cutting and less embankment. This is also true in rela- 
tion to most of the intervening ground passed over, ami, 
if there arc exceptions to the above general remark, 
arc by no mcaas of importance sufficient lo give cli 
icr to the general design. 

The whole distance, on the low grade, that it ptaSeT 
throagh deep cutting, is 10,090 feet: about 3000 of this 
distance it is proposed to pass by tunnel, and estimated as 
solid rock ; nnd 2970 lineal feet, also tunnel, but tbrougb 
earth, and lined with a channel way of masonry ; the re- 
sidue is supposed to be excavated as an o[ien cul, and the 
earth and other material returned back upon ihe masonry. 
The aggregate breadth of the ravines and vallies, passed 
over by the line of aqueduct, is about 9500 feet. The 
mode of parsing these, is proposed to be by solid cm- 
bankmcnis, formed of the excavated rotk and earth from 
the adjacent deep cuts, as fur as it will go, nnd the resldub 
B'upplied from contiguous grounds. The rough stone from 
the excavation, will go inlo the body of the embankment ; 


[Doc. No. 44. 

that of good quality, selected for the purpose, is io- 
ided to be laid in a compact slope wall, vesting against 
and supporting the embankment ; im[)urting toil, in all 
cases, udditiotiul solidity and pcrmancofy. 

These embankments should be formed eurly after the 
eomnien cement of the work, in order that llicy may have 
timo to settle previously to forming the cylinder of ma- 
■Dnry in the top of them ; where, as in all other cases, it 
supposed to be covered over beyond tlic reach uf frost, 
ling supplied at suitable intervals, with man holes, an- 
•wenng the twofold purpose of giving ventilation, and ad- 
mitting individuals to puss inside, tu clean out any scdi- 
meat which, in process of time, may get into the channel- 

The only large arches, contemplated in the whole de- 
sign, from Garrctson's mill to the city, are that of 60 feet 
■pan in the embtinkment crossing Harlem river, pre- 
sently to be described, and one of 16 feet to pass Saw-mill 
riTcr. All the valleys and ravines htb proposed lo be 
passed by embankments, except Tibbit's brook, where a 
" itn is substituted, and the line of grade maintained to the 
ng reservoir in all cases, except in passing Harlem 
illey, where an inverted syphon is projioscd. 
The exterior of all the embankments are supjtosed to 
be eovF red by a heavy compact stopes wall. The angle of 
embankment stopes, generally, arc sni>posed to be 60'^. 
They are oil to be carried up in regular strata, so as to 
|«]low of the most uniform settlement. 

The ridge intervening between tlie Hudson and Saw- 
lill valley is, by fur, the heaviest cut that occurs between 
Croton and Harlem river; an open cittluough it, 12 
it on bottom, and sloping upward, one inch to the foot, 
rouid give about 115,000 cubic ynrda cf excavation ; but 
adopting a tunnel for the greater part of the distance 
irough it, and rock occurs in quantity, but a small por- 
m of the above amount will require to be removed ; if 
9 aieavBtiou be mainly earth, and a tunnel cut through 

i^ isr<K 4A.!) iia. 

where the depth U ofer 30 feet^ ihp ?^w40.Wif1i)^|if||^ 
deep cut, and the earth, returned baqk upm the 9fw*,f^M| 
about half of the ahovo quantity would require, to ^^ 
moTcd. It it probable that a large portion of the T/^lifc 
tion through this ridge may be rock, and it is ap rr|p||jj||[| 
in the estimate where the rock, in any case ii vqImIi 
the channel-way will be formed in it, to the PF^peg .jfgf^-^ 
at once ; and if the surface cannot conT^niently N, W,l)9W|i 
smooth by the process of ezcavutioq, the irregularit|i(i^ fjgf^ 
to be filled up by hydraulic masonry. . , ^ 

In passing the ridge between Saw- mill rirer aa4 TfS^ 
bit*s brook, the excavation is mostly supposed to. b^.^iffi^ 
aboiilf 550 feet of the distance through it is es^inyi^|aqj^ 
tunnel ; the residue an open cut. • 

to pawing Harlem river, op apy plan, the most jib 
structure is required, that occurs on the whole Knef^jflML 
Croton river to the city. Several plans present tben(|iun| 
as applicable to this purpose, among which may be rajjmjK 
as holding tho first rank in the scale of architectural syme^ 
try unci grandeur, the plan recommended by D. B. Doi^^ 
lass, Esq^ in his report, that, of a scries of high semicir* 
cular arches, supporting the channel-wny of the aqueduct^ 
at an elevation of 126 feet above high tide, by means of 
which he maintains his regular grade across this valley to 
the main receiving reservoir near Manlmttanville; next, 
if, indeed, it be not first, in boldneits and grandeur of de- 
sign, is that of a suspension aqueduct. Employing for this 
purpose strong wire cables, well anchored on either shores 
and supported between the two extremes by at least two 
pillars or towers, which would divide the whole distance 
across into three spaces, the middle one being about 500 
feet. To these wire cables, the aqueduct of wood or me- 
tal is to be appended. The lateral vibration to which 
these long spaces would be subject, is to be neutralized by 
suitable horizontal bracing, and the whole rendered steady 
and secure. A warm advocate for this plan is found ia 
Mr. Charles Ellet, Jun. who, although a young engineert 


[Doc. No. 44. 

has already acquired dislinction in Ilia profession, and, at 
no distant period, is dcstineil to tlio highest rank. This 
gentleman Ims personally examined u great part of the 
irbrtts excciiced on tins principle in Europe; and having 
devotfid specidl attention to these structures, in nil their 
delaila, is deemed to he well informed on suhjccts of this 

Both of the nhove plans nre, doubtless, practicable, at 
litiiisidei'able, though not very extravagant cost. Of the 

'o, the suspension afjiieduct is much the cheapest; but, 

t to the rolntive tnerits of the two pinns, no opinion is 
^^ fre oxpre.^sed, a decided preference being given to the 
phn hcfein recommended, ilescriLed as fullows : A nias- 
RV e embankment, composed, in great port, of rough stone, 

tping, below the water, Ij to J, or, at an angle of 34°. 
ftbove the water, the exterior stone work \s to be laid into 
ipact slope wall, carried up at an angle of 45°, to a 

Bne 30 feel above tide. The embankment to be divided 
ito two portions, by placing an arch of 60 feel span in 
I'e channel-way, semlelliplical in form, to keep open the 
Kvigation, nnd allow a free reflux of the tide. The spring- 
ig line of the arch to be near water surface, from sub- 

Bantial abutments ; these, and the 
pposed to be executed in rough range work of liyd) 
lasonry. The ring-stone of the arch, angle of abutments, 
%it>g walls, and coping, to be formed of cut stone. The 
■Dceting of the arch to be of stone, well selected, but not 
Slit ; the whole to he laid in water-lime, and well grouted. 
The embankment is estimated to be 30 feet broad on top, 
fnd may answer the two-fold purjwge of a roadway across 
be river, and foundation for inverted syjihon, which, as 
las before been observed, is computed to bo 6 feet in dia- 
^neter, made of wrought iron half inch think, and buried 
m the lop of the embankment. 
The culverts required on the line arc numerous, though 
tnerally not large, except in a few instances. The largest 
eqtiired, is to pass Saw-mill river; this has before bceo 

ipandral walls, ore 


Doc .\o. 44.] 502 

proposed ds of 16 feet spttn; three of 12 feet, tivo of 10 
feet, four of 3 feet, seven of 6 feet, and the residue of 4 
feet and under. 

In some cases, these arc to be formed of cylindrical 
masonry ; iu others, arcliL-s, springing from low abiitmeDts ; 
and for very small unes, cast iron pipe is proposed tnaicud 
of masonry. All tlie cnlverls, not of iron, are supposed to 
be formed of hydraulic masonry, and well grouted. 

It has before been observed, that Uie masonry, of which 
the aqueduct channel-way is formed, is compnicd to be 14 
inches thick, and composed of well selected stone, which 
are to be well laid with hydraulic lime, and grouted ; or 
the masonry may be uf brick, manufactured expressly for 
the purpose, as was heretofore contemplated by Canvass 
Wtiilei Esq. This plan may be adopted without increas- 
ing the cost allotted for this part of the work in the esti- 
mates; though I do not mean to say that a cylinder of 
masonry, of the proposed dimensions, can be as cheaply 
formed of any kind of hard brick, as of stone from the 
quarries found at many places in the vicinity of ibe pro- 
posed work i from these, stone of good qunlicy, in any 
quantity, can be selected for the purpose, and transported 
,I(rthe places where wanted, at moderate cost. If the cy- 
JiRdrical channel-way be formed of stone, well selected, 
from these quarries, and well grouted, it will be a work of 
a very enduring character. 

A species of beton, such as is used by Mr. Parker in the 
construction of cisterns, and for other purposes, may be 
found to be a useful and economit-al substitute for ma- 
sonry of stone or brick; though, it is believed, that whore 
good stone occurs in the vicinity of the purposed work, it 
csn be executed with it, as cheap, and in as substantial a 
manner, as of any other material that can be brought into 
competition with it ; nevertheless, no doubt is entertained 
as to the entire sufficiency, in point of strength or durabi- 
lity, of this kind of masonry ; nor as to its economy, where 
'tiw tnsterial constituting its main bulk can be convem^i 


503 [Doc. No. 44. 

lobtaiiiciJ ; m audi cases, liltic doubt is entertained of its 
wing the cheapest apncics of inaaonn'. 

In view ol' the; mode of constriiclion above dcscribedi 
md tiie foregoing dimensions, the separate items involved 
n the cxccMiion of the work, in all its details, have been 
Mtrerully eonsiilcred and calculated ; these, being collected 

And classified, make up the following summary : 


I Whole quantity of excavation, from Garretson's mill to 
lbs receiving reservoir, north of Mahattanville, exclusive 
>f the six deep cuts, separately estimated, is as follows : 
520,456 cubic yards excavation, at 30 cts. $157,937 40 
-J estimated as rocli, 105,291 cubic yards 
txcavaiion, |1 40 extra, - - . 

In deep cuts, cxcuUive of tunnel, 91,766 

%ubic yards excavation, At 50 cts. 

<* ^ of deep cut, estimated as rock, 23,94) 

Itabie yards excavation, 31 50, cstra, 
^T" Embankment across valleys and ravines 

applied, in part, from adjacent deep cuts, 

B07,e2S cubic yards, at 30 cts. - 

" ' Slope wall, 108,267 cubic yards, at 75 cts. 

L' 3000 lineal feet of tunnel, supposed to be 
excavated through rock, is estimated at 

Has per foot, 

' 2970 lineal feet of tunnel, supposed 

ifcronsih earth, at J5 per foot, - 

"■ Culverts and waste weirs on the whole line. 

147,408 32 

45,883 00 

34,411 50 

92,347 50 
SI, 200 25 

75,000 00 

14,870 00 
108.000 00 

1757,057 72 

' Harlem River embankment of rongh 
ifllone for base, and good stone for slope 
laraLI, together. 53,275 cubic yards, at 75 cts. 30,956 25 

Doc. No. 44.] 304 

Embankment of gravel for upper part, 
61,217 cubic yards, at 37i, - - - 22.956 i 

Aicli of 60 feet span, includifiv coffer- 
dams and pumping, .... 62,325 00 

1320 lineal feet wrought iron pipe, 8 feet 
diameter, 62,500 00 

8187,737 ) 


32 miles cylindrical channel-way, 8j feet 
itt diameter, 14 inchc? thick, containing 
7,411.13 perches lo the mile, equal to 
238,436.16 perches, at $0, 3i miles suppos- 
ed to tie formed in solid rock, - - 81,430,0181- 

5j miles cast-irou pipe, 6 feet diameter, | 
inch. (hick, laid complete, is estimated at 
$175,000, 962,500 

Reservoirs, 4 in numher, complete, esti- 
mated at ----- - 175,000 00 

Cost of dam and reservoir at Gtirretson's 
mill, as before esiininicd. - - - 162,728i 

Damages for land occupied by line of 
aqueduct, 25,000 

Damages for unimproved water rights on 
the Croton, .-._-- 50.000 00 

Add for contingencies and superinteiid- 
ance, 12i per cent. . . . . 475,173 85 

Total cost of supply from Garretson's 
mill, «4,22S,814 4 

The following estimate applies to the lower line of aque- 
duct, originaiiog at the proposed high dnm at Halmao's 
milt, near the mouth of the Croton. The same mode of 
construction is contemplated as the preceding, modified la 
its dimensions, to suit the conditions required by a smaller 
declivity; this having only one foot to the mile, and i 




[Doc No. 44. 

!t in diameter, of a circular fornii as the other. The in- 
ereased area here given, will compensate fur the diminished 
declivity of grade, and ensure equal efficiency with llio 8^ 
feet cylinder sdiiptcil to the upper grade, in the delivery 
of the required supply. The surface of itatcr, in the dis- 
tlciluUing reservoir, will ordinarily Bland nt 114 feet eleva- 
'tiott above tide; and if pijjcsoflarge capacity be laid from 
the receiving reservoir, the general elevation of water sur- . 
face in the dialribuling reservoir will be several feet higher. 
The scale of prices adopted in the preceding estimate, is 
Bpplird to this, the quantities only being different. 

Whole amount of excavation from the dam 
at Hulman's mill to the receiving reservoir, 
18451,350 ciibicyDrds, ataOcents peryard, $135,375 00 

' supposed to be rock, 90,250 cubic yards, 
«t $1 4U extra, .... 126,350 00 

Deep cuts, exclusive of tunnel, 78,657 cn- 
bie yards, at 50 cents per yard, - - 39,393 50' 

i of this amount sup|H)sed to be rock, 
19,664 cubic yards at $1 50 extra, - 29,496 00' 

3,000 lineal feet of tunnel, supposed to be 
cut through rock, cost per foot is estimated 
I the preceding, *25, - . . . 75,000 00 
9)230fcetortunnel, supposed tube through 
«artb,at 85, 16,250 00 

Embankment across valleys and ravines, ' 

suppliad in [lart from adjacent deep cuts, 
263,850 cubic yards, al30cent9, - 79,155 00 

Slope wall against embankment, 92,802 
cubic yards, at 75 cents, - - - 69,601 50 

Culverts and weirs on the whole line, es- 

. ^ - - - 81,000 00,; 
9651,556 00 

Croasing H&rlem river, as per preceding .• 

'^ "^ ^awm^m^'^^ 9137,73- ez^ 

Doc. No- 44.] 506 

27 miles cylindriral aqueduct, 9 feet di- 
ameter and 14 inches thick, gives 7,857 
perches to the mile, nnil this for 37 miles, is 
212,139 (.erches, ut 86 per perch, - tl,272,83< 00 

Dam at Halmaii's, inchiding all incidental 
damages, ns per previous estimate, i« - 269,610 00 

5| rnilea cast iron pipe, as per preceding 
e»timate, 903,500 00 

Reacrvotrs, fuur in number, as before cs- ^^^H 

timatcd, 175,00(I^H 

Duinages for land occupied bjr line of j|h 

aqueduct, -..--. 25,000 00 

Uo. on Dccounl of unimproved water rights, 50,000 00 

Add for contingencies 12^ per cent, on the 
whole, .._--- 450.154 70 

Total cost of aqueduct from the mouth of 
Crolon, $4,044,392 3^ 

Total cost of aqueduct from Garrelson's 
mill, $4,235,813 65 

Diflerencc in favor of the shortest line, 
from Halman'g, .... $181,421 33 

The above are, respectively, the eslimalcd amount of 
expense of bringing the waters of the Crulon to a distri- 
buting reservoir within three miles of the City Hall- The 
plan of the work, in all respects, is calculated to ensure 
permanency and great durnbihty, to deliver the supply in 
the purest state, in quantity equal to 40,000,00) of gallons 
per day in the receiving reservoir, and 25,000,000 into 
the distributing reservoir, and liable, in the smallest degree, 
to interruption from accidents and contingencies, requiring 
also the least annual repairing. 

The area of receiving and distributing reservoirs arc 
such ns, under extraordinary emergencies of demand for 
water, will yield J00,000,0(>0 gallons promptly, cxcloaive 
of the daily flow of the Crolon ; and if the two storing r»* 

^^ d07 [Doc. No. 44. 

north of Harlem river be put in requisition, three 
is amount may be hail, and applied to any purpose 

83 the mains could puas it. The quantity, then, 
f be commanded is ample, the quality good, cost ■'_ 
c, and the urgency for the supply pressing. Will 
IBS of New- York, the commercial emporium of the 
arid, much longer postpone the enjoyment of so 
blessing, as thai which is shown to he within their 
t 50 smull a cost ! 

vrcrenmrk.thut although thocylindricai form is re- 
ded for thcchanneUway of the proposed aqueduct, 
n is not intended to ho rigidly maintained without 
Btion. Circumstances may, in some cases, require 
tiould lake an elliptical form, sometimes having iho 
ae diameter horizontal, and in some situaiioni, 
bing the storing reservoirs especially, vertical, 
[eneral form recommended is the uhcapeMt, for a 
(lecity ami strength, that can be employed. A line ' 
luct on this plan, therefore, is the most economical, 
Ire so than an open aqueduct lined with masonry " 
quality, strength, and cupacity, because a cylinder, 
9, will inclose a greater area with a given amount 
lal) and possess (he greater strength, being a com- 
Uiect«d form; while, as in the case of un open line 
luct,, the walls being disconnected at top, an addi- 
icknesais required, to impart the requisite strength 
iTucture. To sum up the argument in a few words, 
aqueduct, if executed of masonry of same quality, 
Dg tlie same capacity and strength as that recum- 
liu this report, it will cost mure money, be liable 
'a into it more impurities, exposed to mure cootin- 
Bad liabilities to interruption in delivering the re- 
lipply, and involve a greater amount of annual re- 
I'his is the settled opinion I entertain, for which 

have not thought it necessary to state an astimate ,, 
IT this form of work, although most of the nece>- _^ 
fjia,\ifid been prepared. , ,^ 



Doc. No. 44.] 508 

The same remark is applicable lo Ihe pinn of ni ^ 

canni without masonry lininj^ its inside. Tbo quanltty^ 
excavation and cm hank men t wontd be considerably in- 
creased, cuUerls iniicli larger, bridges to be kept ia repair, 
nnd the canal enclosed by n fence. The land repaired 
would be more, cost of iron pipes and reservoirs ibe same 
In view of all the details of this mode of const ruction, it 
was very appiireni that it could not be executed for le» 
than two thir(fs of tbe amount of the foregoing estimate*. 
From i\\\a consideration, and the great objection to a work 
executed in tbis form, exposed, as it would be, io great 
and constant diinger, from failure of some of its parts, in- 
lerrupling the supply, which would be of an inferior quality, 
at best, from the quantity of filth that would find its way 
into the canal — these, and other considerations, rendered 
it, in my view of the matter, unnecessary to present on 
entire estimate for this plan of aqueduct : a statement in 
the foregoing part of this report has been given as appli- 
cable to a section of 6 miles between Muscoot hill and 
Garretson's mill, which is far the most favorable portion of 
ground passed over in the progress of our examinations. 

If any other plan than that recommended be adopted, 
with a view to reduce the cost of construction, that whid 
seems best adapted to this purpose, and withal liable to tbe 
least abjections among those enumerated, as relating to bd 
open canal without masonry, is the following, to wit, u 
open canal, walled up on the inside with dry masonry, bot- 
tom semiellipiical, the de|nh two-thirds of the width of 
channel-way. This would give the necessary area of wt- 
ter section, with a much narrower line of excavation and 
embankment, than the last mentioned plan, shorten the 
culverts and bridges, reduce the amount of excavation, 
embankment, &c. required less ground, and probably not 
require fencing but for a small part of the distance. When 
the canal posses through deep nitling, the face of the 
slopes might he protected, either by paving or rainjierine. 
The whole course of the canal would require to be well 

509 [Doc. No. 44. 

I previously to laying tiie inside dry walls ; and if, 
ion, tile einbnnkmeuis were also properly protected, 
tk, io this rorin, would be the must valuuble for the 
at perhaps could be adopted. This plan, after the 
cin before reconi mended, is decidedly preferred, tak- 
) viuw relative cost compared wiiii durability. It 
) executed at less expeuse than a simple canal with- 
etonework, with eloping .sides at the usual angle, the 
f\e of execution being observed alike in both c^sea. 
executed as above described, with exterior elope 
ind paving or ranipering the slopes through deep 
t to prevent the earth from washing into the aque- 
le whole can be completed for three-fourths of the 
ed cost of covered tunnel. The plans in all things 
like, except the channel-way. 
pipes could not be brought into the comparison, for 
|>osed line of aqueduct except at an immense disad- 
j. No estimate in reference to this plan bus, tlicre- 
een thought necessary. The materials being at 
I furnish one on short uoticc, us also for the last 
ted plu'i of open aipieduct, lined with dry masonry, 
tfisy at any time be called for. 
maps, profiles, and drawings, herewith presented, 
readily understood, from the explanations they re- 
)ly contain. The lines run are indicated on the 
' a red trace. The location, as adopted in the esti- 
is, throughout the whole course, indicated by a 
ice. The deep cuts and fillings arc all exhibited on 
file. Separate maps of the country, flowed by the 
reservoirs, on a large scale, arc herewith also fur- 
Thcse show the buildings flowed, as well as land, 
, highways. They all contain written descriptions, 
plaining all matters contained in them. Drawings, 
' the seceral prominent features of the plan, are 
i furnished. These will readily be understood by 
icompanying explanations, and need no comment 


Doc. No. 44.] 


With a consciousness of many imperfections connected 
with this performance, occasioned partly by the baste ia 
which it has been compiled, and partly from the intriosic 
difficulties involved in the inquiries to which it relatetf it 
is respectively submitted by, 


Your obedient servant, 

Civil Engimm. 
New-Tork, Jan. 25, 1835. 

New- York, November 20th, 1834. 


In compliance with your request of October 4tb, I 
have made out the following Table, shewing the number 
of blocks in each Ward : also, the number of feet front : 
tbo number of lots according to the proposed average of 
20 feet by 75 feet : the number of lots yet to be gained out 
of the rivers, and also the -number of vacant or unoccupied 
lotSi as shown by the Assessor's books of 1834. 


0^ — 01tt)^^iflpCCQO«(Bi-iaO 


The foregoing estimate of the vacant lots, having been 
taken from the Assessor's books — the lots are about one 
fifth larger than the average adopted in the general esti- 
mate — so that, by reducing them to the said average, we 
shall have 12,737 for the number of vacant lots. 

Likewise, in the estimate of the feet front, is included 
all the public squares, buildings, &c. as also the number of 
feet necessarily used, as sides for the corner lots; the same 
having been deducted from the total, before making the 
estimate of the number of lots, as shown in the fourth 
column of the foregoing table. 

Edwin Smith, City Surveyor. 

To Stephen Allen, Esq. 

Chairman of Water Comminioner$. . 

'DOS Alil<l SVIoJ 

To'fie tValer Commiiiionert for fke pj(iy^^(^^Y^J^i;., 
Gentlemen, " '" '■''"'"" '^ ' "^^^^ 

,,, -,In compliance ivitb your wishes, I beg leave to sul^<i 
mit to you a report of the plan, and expenses of {ftrn^ 
dovvit pip^^t ^'''^''f^^^^i ^U'' otbcr caBttii^a, preparatory to 
introducing water into our city. In doin^ whicli. I can 
assure you that I do it with much pleasure, knoniri^, as I 
do the very many advantages and good fffects of having a 
full and copious supply of that necossary article, good and 
wM^ome water. The saving that rt will be to »ur orty, 
ia cose? of lire, will be great ; as the expeusoB of tlie ftre' ' 
department are increasing, and I am boitj to Bay, that iW^ 
fire department is declining ; and must go down, if thitii^' 
ifttiot'kept np a good and efficient supply of war^r-fSfr'tUs 
•Jrtinguishment of fire*. ;-■■■' ' '' 

The present expense of the department, wilf ^y'tfce'* 
interest of one third of the whole amount of ilio exbetl^" 
of lay'mg'down the pipes through our city. The itJany utf-"' 
vdAtagCB to a city like ours are great ; but lime Wtll not' '' 
permit me to point out, nor is it necessary for mc to 'eliij ~ 
large on that subject, as that will he amply done by much 
ahlcr and efficient persons, so will proceed with (be neces- 
sary information as regards plans, expenses, ^c- 

Acfiurding to your request, I have made out tliC! p^jj; 
mates from Twenty- Third street, including all the lower 
p^^sof thecity; you will perceive, by referring to the map. 
that the Coaimon Council has already laid dokvn, ihrougti, 
vuioiia [larts of our city, between fiAecn aud sixteeu milasr ij. 
flMS^ddfeet of pipe,and nearly the wholuof wincbti t^,^ 
■^^^ .size, .which with braucbea, etoj>-coi:k% iiy^c^qt^^., 
sn^ otlier castings, hns cost about $191, 994 Hr 

Ath ihe adffitHiiial pipei thftt will be Iflid tfic tit'saU^' 
■•fibimer, witl reduce the expeuae oflhe large plart con-; 

ft will here make mention tliBl llie whoTe of the jgipeu 
Mw down will fully answer, when the city is wateta^i 
without any additional expense.] 

In examining the map of the city, you will perceive that 
4bove Fourteenth -street, every ninth street is laid out 100 
tetl wide ; I have chosen those streets to lay our large 
npes leading from the maiii^. 

As the 20 ii^ch mains are coming down the Fourth Atc- 
niie, you will, by referring to the map, perceive that I have 
Ipid a 16 inch diameter main through Fourteenth-street, 
tp «upply the large pipes that run parallel with our city, 
tflfeciiWy ou the ea.stern section, where water will, in the 
course of a very few years, be more wanted than any other, 
ifi account of liie inability of procuring any fit for use ou 
^Uiyresant Meadows. It will also distribute the water 
.ibrough the lower pait^ more on an equably. 

Beside, it will fully supply the sections along the North: 

id Bast Bivers, wliich is all important, and to which 1 bnve, 
fli you will perceive, paid particular attention ; knowiiig an 
1f9 all do, the great call for water for the sliippimr, which h 
tIpvT obtained by water boats from Brooklyn, the quantity 
used is now very great, as will be seen by refering to page 
iSiOf aectioit 55, of the report made by the late Mr. Olinloa, 
«ftyp}i woa furnished at the tune by me Ixom inibrmatiDn 
vhtch I procured at Brooklyn ; the expense of water at thtt 
time was $t49,945 per year, and from the rapid increase of 
our city, and the corresponding increase of shipping, we may 
infer that the sum mentioned, in the course of a very few 
years, will be doubled ; I have, therefore, taken good care to 
have a full and sufficient supply for future emergencies. In 
«3tamining the plan, you will also perceive that I have not, 
after leaving Fourteentli-sireet, provided for any branches 
from the 20 inch main, except at distances of about 2,000 
feet apart, and then only to communicate with the 12 inch 
pipe, with a stop-cock between the two pipes, to turn off, or 





on the water as the case may require. My object in so doing, 
i« to nve expense, luid secure & iiill supply to the lower sec- 
tion of the citj-, by using the 12 inch pipe as a soppleincnt 
to tho-20 inch, and also to save the heavy expense of l»i^ 
branches to supply the cross streets. 

The number of stop-cocks, as you will perceive, are a heary 
item in the account, but they are absolutely necessary, andin 
the end are a great saving ; besides giving more general satis- 
faction to diose who take the water, by not having it stopped 
into large sections when introducing the vroier into houses, 
aa well as to repair any damage which may occasionally occtir. 

The fire-plugs or hydrants appear, on looking on the map, 
to be "very numerous, but on close examination yoa will per- 
ceive that in the lower part of the city,»re rather closer than up 
town, the great value of our stores and store-hoTises reqaira 
them^^to be so; and one other important consideration which 
I will here mention, that is, the lower part of ti>e city being 
nearly nil stores, the Fire !>partment cannot procure a 
sufficient number of men to man their engines, which has been 
the cause of the engines being removed to the upper part of 
the city, so that there are only two or thTee engines to pro- 
tect the whole lower section of the city, and of those few, the 
fijeman lire nearly all up town. 

TTie following Table, No. 1, shows the actuaf lengtli of 
inpes as being laid through all of l>ie streets, as mentioned is 
ibeArmer part of the report, the diameters of the pipes, 
OPM per foot, and sum total. No. 2, shows the extra letigtfa 

pipes wanted to make up the deficiencies of the overi«|a, 
which it 6 inches on each joint of pipe; alw cost, &c. 

V' ■" 






■.Z .-^iCT 




































S S S 8 S S 
I I I I I I 

% 8 e 8 


<e fit O <o 


f lOM-AMfltagi r«r hy<l rants, vbich 
Indirig' fitting up, cnrvc j>ipc, ono -1 inch pipe, and 
:, complew, ^Hd fiO per piece, wliioh in, |fil9,r8J. 
tntra cost oi 1614 brunches of various dMiisieis,(tvtr 
»V!P the cost of running pipes is, 916<B6t,4(>- 
The cost of pipes the C<.>iRmiK!(ioiier8 will perceire, l^*^ 
some of them higher than tho Common Council have h^B^- 
tof^ro paid for theta ; die {^vseiit prices I have dbtaiava^t 
the iron fcimders the present seaMin, and are iiichufed ii 
follo^nnj^ bible ; the cost of castings per ton is $65. Tal 
Na 3j vr'HX also show the whole quantity of pipe in feet ^ 
nutes.itls(> thaqufiotity of fiiel to melt the lead, the quanti^ 
of ktn, with cost ; ulsoshoving the east of dit^hit^ I^y'^ft 
and paving the same, with the sum total of cost offiipts. 

-^ ' -:- ,i» It 

2 ■' t ^ 8 Ii 3 * 

■• i 

i s 1 

?• ? ^ 

: ?T"\ 






E S 










3! <S 





i Si, 






i i 













g ■ 






s s 
s g 









e s 











2 g 









« — 






(O 04 






lowing Table, Na 4, viil be shown tbti diaiirtoien 
r of sti^i-cocltB that will be requintt, as vdl u 
Ugs, fitting up ; also the coat of ttamaa and eiy 
Bod box, with the qxiantity of leod to pach joiot 
M of dilchin^, laying, sod paving per fool, and 
btl per mile. 




I f- 

le o t- 

s s s s 

S S S 3 

« pf CO »- 



tC « o <s 

Doe. No. 4i] BM n 

TaUe, No. 6| will ibqw th^ qiitnli^ af ptpei^ and Mwr 
caidngB that att luAr dawn, tta cAi^^ b ba 

daductad from flia ttun (otaL ItlriU UaadiofrJiip 4*^ 
langth and cost of pipas ; also tha aMitiobal ^uaadtjl aad 
coat of pipas fi>r cTarUqps ; the quantity of bmnehaa ailp ex- 
tra coat omr and abo?a tha length of pipa; tl}eecMitt8iBBih 
bar of atop-cocki and fire-plugs, with aD their PoMixm jkam- 
pleta; tha expanse of ditching, layiqg, and pftnpg;-and 





LiciujBa into ISDO 

334 estn, »4,6«9 49. 

■saii|d*i!i J« 

176«t»28 60,tat6,016. 

■lafij JO 






« a s 8 

-dois JO -ON 

S 2 » 








S $ S 

«g 1 s 





S S 3 

» i f i 




i " s 



s S ^ 



,g s s 


2 S " \ 


2 A 

Doc. No. 44.] 624 


8O499 feet of Pipe, .... $138,874 36 

176 Fire-plugs, or Hydrants, - 6,016 00 

334 Branches of various diameter, 4,629 49 

168,478 lbs. of Lead, at $5 per 100 lbs. 7,923 90 

61 Stop-Cocks, ... - 6,048 00 

Ditching, Laying, and Paving, - - 20,214 92 

Fuel for melting lead, - - - 145 00 

$182,851 66 
Five per cent, allowed for contingencies, 9,142 56 

The total cost of Pipes now laid, - $191,994 21 

In drawing this report to a close, I beg leave to remark, 
that the amount of the pipes and other castings, in the above 
table, are set down at the* present prices of pipes and cast- 
ings ; which, if quoted at the former prices, would reduce 
the expense considerably ; but if, to be laid at the present 
time, would cost tlie above sum. 

526 [Doc. No. 44. 


167^ miles, or 882,125 feet of Pipes, 

1010 Fire-plugs, or H]rdrants, 

1614 Branches of various diameters, (extra) 

1,405,083 lbs. of Lead, at $5 per 100 lbs. 

1028 Stop-Cocks, complete, - - - 

Ditching, Laying, and Paving, 

Fuel for melting lead, ... 

- $1,035,328 00 
28,785 00 
16,861 46 
70,264 16 
73,118 00 
158,702 66 
1,362 00 

Add 5 per cent for contingencies. 

Dedtict for Pipes, (Sec. now laid, 
Sum total required. 

$1,384,401 17 
69,220 06 

$1,453,631 22 
191,994 21 

$1,261,627 01 

All of which is submitted by yours, respectfully, 


Water Purveyor, <Stjr of New York. 
NetB York, Feb. 16, 1835. * 



^F MARCH 4, 1S35. 

T/te CommiUee on Fire and Water, to whom mat rtferred the 
Report of ike Water Commissioners, and the Document! ac- 
companying iJte same, in relation to suppli/ing the City of 
^euhTorli with pure and wholesome water, present^ the 
foUowing Report, which was read, 2500 cities directed to 
be printed, and the report, and such parts of the report of the 
Water Commissioners, as shalljbe deemed by tha Committee 
proper, be published in the Newspapers employed by the 

m Board. 

B h HOftTON.CIulh 


The Joint Committee of lx)ih Boarda, on Fire nod Water, 

whom was referred the reparl of the Water Commissioners, 

Documents accompaaying the 3am«, presented to the 

Board of Aldermen on the 16th day of February last, most 



That they have examined the report Bod documentf nferred 
to them, and also the report of the same Commissioners, mada 
lo the Common Council on the 12thof November. 1833, (Doc. 
Ifo-SeO witbtbe accompaoyiDg dociinMnts. Tbey have iik»-. 




Doc. No. 45.] 518 

wise reviewed ihe able M-epoff ^<^loneI Clinton, made to the 
Connmiitee on Fire and Waier, on the 22d December. 1832, 
and the oiher valuable materials collected in Document Xo. 61, 
of the last menlioiied year; also the report of the Committee 
on Fire and Water, made the 28th of December, 1831, and 
accompanying papers; and such other proceedings as have 
come to their knowledge. Deeply impressed with the vast im- 
portanoe e^lhia subject, to the future welfare and prosperily-of 
this Cfiy,^fle Committee hai-e felt its claim to their best con- 
sideration and industry, Jind only regret lliat their powers and 
time are unequal to that treatment of It the subject deserves. 
The Water Commissioners have favored this Committee with 
their attendance, and given ihem such explanations of their 
views, and such information, as they »tood in need of. The 
inquiries and studies of this Cummilico have convinced them, 
that it would be mere presumption for them, in the limited pe- 
riod they are allowed, to attempt a ro-examination of the mate- 
rials which the Water Commissioners have submitted, or lo 
qiiestion the results lo which they have come, and which are 
specified in their report. If any confidence is lo be placed in 
man, or any deference yielded to his opinion as me re authority, 
these Commissionera are entitled to it. They consist of fire 
of our most respectable, and intelligent, and public spirited 
citizens; ihcy have, for two successive years, devoted a large 
portion of liicir time, gratuitously, to the subject matter of the 
report, looking for their reward only to the approbation of their 
feJIow cithrens, the perfection of a great public good, and the 
gratitude of posterity. Acting on such principles, wo may 
with Wfety, accord lo them our full confidence as their due, and 
niay adopt their conclusions With safety. They have not. 
however, left the matter on this ground, but have given strong 
reatons for all they recommend. The debt of graiilude to them 
Commissioners is creaied, as due from us and our posterity 
for their zealous and most disinterested labor in the public ser- 
vice. The Commissioners have been assisted by Civil Bn- 
gineera of most distinguished reputation; by gentlemen who et 
characters are established as worthy of all confidence ; q^^f 


(Uoc. No. 4a.' 

whose professional reputations ore at stake, on the conelutions 
to which ihey have come, and the work which ihey recom- ' 
mend. The labors and reasonings of these Eogineera, have 
been scrulinized. inch by inch, by the Water Commissioners: 
iheir facts and reasonings analyzed and sifted; and iheir con- 
clusions approi'ed of by them. The result of this scrutiny is 
given in the %-ery able report referred to this Committee. 
Thus impressed with the deference doe to the Water Commis- 
sioners and Engiticers. this Committee forbear a re-esamination 
of the subject of the report. They also forbear an e^iamination 
of ihe report itself. There is nothing in that report, of which 
this Committee does not approve; ihey will not attempt to 
enforce the conclusions of it, lest they may render obscure that 
which is now clear, in its masterly reasoning; neither will they 
attempt an analysis of it, for every word of it should be read 
and dwelt upon by every Member of the Common Council. 

The Water Commissioners report to the Common Council, 
the following opinions, as the result of their labors, namely: 

That all the water of the Croton river may be taken from near 
its mouth, and brought to the City of New- York, in an aque- 
duct declining fifteen inches in the mile, and delivered in a re- 
servoir on Murray's Hill, 114 feet 10 inches above high tide 
water line, — which is near seven feet higher than the roof of 
the highest building in the City. 

That in the driest seasons, and at its lowest or minimum 
flow of water, llie Croton River will supply thirty million of 
gallons of water a dav, and ordinarilv more than fifty millions 
of gallons. 

That ihe water of the Croton is limpid and pure, and fit for 
use, at the place where they propose it should be taken from 
the river ; that the whole river can be brought to Murray's 
Hill, in a close aqueduct of masonry, at an expense of four 
millions, two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, and there de- 
posited in reservoirs ready for distribution. 

That the revenue which would accrue to the City, from very ' 
low charges for supplying the water, would overpay the in- 
tenst on the coat of the work. 

Doo. No. 4i>.] 



Then lunn the gi-oat facts upon wliirii th* C 
cilare now csllcd upoo lo aci, uid ia the first iiulaaec to 
prottouncG the judgoient whether l'.\e woik shalJ or abail not 
proceed. Tlie CuaiiDiuioiwrs have most (uti y disdiarged ibeir 
duty.UHl wiih (jrcat nhility. U remaiiurorlhcCaniuioDCouD- 
cil Qow to do theirs. The Comiiussioners have csamined 
and eanvafsed every plan, and even every piopusilion, wtudi 
has been suggested for supplying this City wiib pure oud nlwle- 
Booie water ; and after the most mature consideraiiaa, rocom- 
TQend that the Uroluu Uiver be brought to the City id a oovere<l 
aqueduct ol' masonry ; and diat the water be lakcn from ibt 
Crotonat Ualman's or Garrctsou's Mill, near iuinowik This 
CummittoG concur iu the recommendation. 

Various projects have Trom time lo lime been proposed, by 
which to supply this City with pure and wholesome water, 
and it is not to be supposed that the prqjectoni of ibom 
and their friends will sit down in quiet under the prefer- 
ence given to one. It is not natural that they should. A 
r^ard fur llie public good has seldom beon known lo qoict 
the eflurta of rivalry or of self interest, or so to clear ibe 
minds of ttkc ialcrested, as to enable them to sec in the suocotf- 
ful project, ihose qualities which obtained the approbatioo ni 
the unbiassed; or in their own those defects which gave the 
preference to another. With all these classes of indii'iduals, 
the greater expense of the proposed ptun of bringing the water 
of the Crulon to this City, in an aqueduct of masonrVi will be 
ui'ged as an argument againsl it, and the lighter expense of 
their own will be urged lo reverse the decision of the Com- 
laiasionerB. But all other plans tlian the one adopted have 
fundamental defects — namely ; The water of the Passaic is not 
sufficiently pure>— it lies in another State — it must be broi^bt 
across the Hudson — and ihc conduits will be always expoaed 
to injury from the anchors of the shipping. 

The Island of New- York does not supply water enough, wtuch 
couid be obtained from its springs or wells, obtained either by 
di^qg or boring — and liowever pure the same may now be, jn 
some parts of the Island, al! expcriccca teaches us that it will bft- 


{l>oc. Xo. 45.' 

! rnipore a« soon as a dense population shall cover the' 
That it is not sufficient in quajUHi/ is proved by the 
!, that the welU on ihe Harlaem Heights, have been drained 
by the Harlaem Canal : those on Murray's Hill by the excava- 
tions forthe Harlaem Rail Road. The removal of the hiMs north 
^-<d 13th street, and the building of sewers in that neighborhood 
Mve reduced the supply of ihe public well from 20,000 gallons 
k'day to about 6,000, And the new well at Jeffi-rson Market, 
len worked steadily, drains the wells in that neighborhood. 
Tho turpentine distilleries on llie East River ; the chemical 
Ictories on the North River; the Gas works on the Collect 
J of which had an abundance of water on their premises, ard 
Knew »o scantily supplied, that the two former are driven to 
irt water from distances, and the latter to return their water 
t0 their well after asing it. Water is now found but with 
difficulty in the 1 1th Ward, and then only at great depths- 
foreign supply of water is absolutely necessary for Ihe further 
eKteoaioa of the population of that Ward and its protection 
hna fire. Thu 1 ath Ward, though with its thin population it it 
now tolerably supplied, yet is already driven to deep boring oii 
iIb 0th Avenue : And the removal of its hills, and covering of 
the lands with houses and pavements, will dr^' ils springs, as at 
18th street. It seems to be well ascertained that the water of I 
this Island is all " surface water" and that the under grountf 
water courses set lo the south, until backed by the waters of | 
iba rivers. The consequence of this will be, that the spread 
of population northward will dry the wells there first, and the 
lower Wards will alone be left with a supply, as at present, of , 
ihU roixlure of vile ingredients we call water. But if there 
r were an abundance of water under the surface of the Island ' 
f lUll it is proved that the expense of malting enough of wells 
» to supply the City with even the noxious article we should get 
I by them, would cost vaslly more than to bring to us the Cro-" 
^JOD River. (Sec Col. Chnton's Report, Doct. 61, of 1S32, p. 207.) 
The Bronx and the Byram, cuDUin a supply of water onljT | 
>nt for our present population, (say about 9,000,000 of I 

' [Doc. No. 45. 523 ^J 

gallons.) and it must be raised to Havlaem Heights by mad^^H 

tnery. But eveo this quantity is doubled. -^^^ 

To dam the Hudson is Diagnificent in the thouglil, and 
though feasible as a work, is problematical as to its beneficial 
results, and certain as to its injurious conBequcoces to the com- 
merce of the river. 

The several modes of bringing the Crolon to the City in an 
open canal ; in iron pipes ; and in an aqueduct of masonry, hare 
all been proposed and canvassed. An aqueduct of iron pipes 
is the most expensive of these modes ; that by aii open canal 
the least expensive, but it will expose the water to polutioo 
from the drainage of the barn yards, and of the cultivated 
country through which it would run, and Irom the vaiieties of 
soil over which the water would pass; and so to construct the 
canal, as to exclude effectually, them eans of contamination, 
would be to raise the expense of the work to within about 
81,500,000 of the cost of an aqueduct of masonry. 

The question remains, ought tiic Corporation of the City of 
New- York to embark in this great work 1 The Committee 
are firmly of opinion, that it ought to be done by no other 
body, corporate or personal. And in this they are sustained 
by every Committee which has preceded them. The control 
of tlie water ol" the City, should be in the hands of ihia Cor- 
poration, or in other words, in the hands of ihe pfople. From 
the wealthy and those who would require the luxur)' of 
having it delivered into their houses ; and from the men of 
business, who wouldemploy it in their work shops and factories, 
the revenue should be derived. But to the poor, and those who 
would be content to receive it from the hydrants at the curnera 
and on the sidewalks, it should be as free as air, as a means of 
cleanhness, nourishment and health. In the hands of any 
other power than the Common Council, this free use would be 
restrained, and the experience ot all other Cities, (and our own 
may be included,) leaches us the sad lesson, that ihc trust « 
thia power would be abused. 

523 JDoc. No. 45. 

" Tt is staled above, that the estimated ex- 
pense of bringing the Croton to Mur- 
ray's Hill is about, . 94^50,000 
To this is to be,adtled the estimated ex- 
pense of laying the water pipes in the 
City to distribute the water, . 1,282,00 
Total expense, . . . 85,512,000 

I The work of laying the water pipes ia now, and for acme 
years has been, in the course of execution. It is a part of the 
settled policy of the City, as to its public impTovemeDU, and 
connected with its public wells for the extinguishment of 
■fires. The cost thereof may thereibre with propriety be 
deducted from the above amount ; and in considering the 

K question now under discussion, the estimated cost ol'bringing 
' riie river lo Murray's Hill, may be taken as the amount affect- 

*Mg the question. 

Shall then the Common Council approve of the plan adopt- 

ij*d by the Commissioners, and thereby recommend to the 
•lectors, to " authorize the Common Council to proceed in rai»- 
ing the money necessary to construct the works 1 " this Com- 
'inittee most respectfully answer in the affirmative. They 
believe that all those upon whom the burthen of the expenditure 
will fall, namely, the taxable inhabitants of the City, are with 
'Tery few exceptions in favor of it. and are not only ready lo 

^i-iticur Ihe debt of the principal, but, by becoming takers of the 
water, to furnish Ihe means of paying the interest ; and every 

tfoor man must be in favor of it, as he will thereby be furnish- 
ed gratuitously, with one of the greatest necessaries and luxu* 

HHes of life. 

1^ In Ihe language of the Commissioners, " nothing less than a 

I river distributed through thousands of channels, and brought 
to the premises of every householder, will be commensurats 

' to the wants of a population, such as the City of New- York 

^contains and will contain," and there is no oiher river but the 
Crotod at our command, which is of sufficient size and purity. 



The public Itealth requirea it. The effect of clennlineM 
in Cities, in preventing or staying epidemics or pestilence, i* 
so far proverbial, ss to need no argument in iis support ; and 
the loss occasioned by one season of pestilence, in the derange- 
ment or suspension of all business, public and private, and 
from the labourer to the capitalist, the consequent drafts on 
the City Treasury, throwing out of the account the loss of life 
and ravages of the disease from which ihc wealthy may fly, 
but to which Ihe poor man and his family must submit, would, 
if saved, go far to pay ihc cost of the proposed work. It it 
well known that the City of Philadelphia suSercd but little from 
Ch<^era the last summer, and it is also well known that when 
the disease appeared in New-York, the City of Philadelphia 
opened her hydrants upon the streets and yards wilhiu their 
reach, twice a day, washing them thoroughly ; and the disease 
was CfHifiued to localities beyond the reach of her hydrants. 

Bad air and bad water arc leading causes of sickness id alt 
populous towns. With a river at our command, the causes o* 
the noxious vapours which our gutters now supply, end which 
contaminate our air, will be removed. And what evil conae- 
<]uences may not be looked for from the water our laboring 
and poorer classes drink ; when, in the language of the Lyceum 
of Natural History used, in 1832, "with our (then) present 
popalatioD there is put into the sand about one hundred Ions 
of excrement in twenty-four hours. In these deposits we may 
find all the ingredients detected by analysis, and whichdestroy 
the purity of our waters," and what good, in point of health, 
may wo not espect from the free use of pure water by our 
citi2ens. instead of au article impregnated with sudi vile and 
disgusting ingredients 1 

T!ie public safety requires it. By a report furnished to the 
Committee, by the Chief Engineer and the Water Purveyor, 
ft appears that there have been 1 10 destructive fires durii^ the 
Jatt year, and about 220 false alarms. 

During the last thirteen months, the Insurance Companies 
have paid losses by fire to the amount of 8010,931. This is 
obiainsd from the companies by the Chief Eogiuwr, siui Li 

6S$ [Doc. No. 4&. 

he\ieve6 to be an under estimate. The amount of loseby firo 
lot iosured agajtist, is supposed to be from one half the amount 
niired against, to an equal amount. Upon the first princi{te 
; losses by fire the last 13 months, would amount, in round 
piumbers, to 81,300,000, and on the otlier to 81,820,000. Tbi 
ftems taken from the notes of the Chief Engineer and Wat« 
purveyoramount to 91,775,000. During the month of January, 
i fires destroyed 37 buildings and 8177,150 worth of properQr. 
1 is firmly believed by those who are called upon to obsenrs 
x fires, and have opportunities for obser\'ation, that from ono 
if IQ two thirds of the losses by fire would be prevented by 
I ample supply of water. The losses by fire the last year, 
e equal to one third of the whole estimated expense of bnng- 
g the water from the Croton, and delivering it at our doom 
The duty which ihe Aulhorities owe to ibe people, and whic^ 
e people owe to themselves, to advance all those improve- 
enU which will tend to lighten the public burthens, requira 
|Bt this great work be done. The report of Colonel ClintCHi 
fofe mentioned, contains an estimate of the savings of pn»> 
Tty to the Corporation and citizens, which would ensue bjT 
I iulroduclion of an ample supply of water into the Oty. 
jton Ihe principles of that estimate, such savings in the Kre 
Ispartment, in wells, pumps, cisterns, and losses by fire, would 
gw.amountlo the sum of more than one miff/on of dollars per 
uum ! and this, on taking the loss by fire, at the mean of the 
Bfles before stated. This sum, if taken as the interest at 7 
(r cent, on a. capital invested, would justify an expenditure of 
OCe than $14,000,000, to funiish the City with an ample sup. 
j; of water. Such facts strike with astonishment and lead to 
S wquiry. How have we slept so long under this reign rf^ 
destruction, with the means in our hands of oi'erthrowing ita 
ppireT Such losses would pay for the work in little more 
jan five years, and the reductions of the premiums ol insuT' 
IDce are not taken into the account. 

But will the revepue to be derived from the work justify the 
lecessary expenditure upon it ? It is descending to spea^ 
ibout revenue, after the facts last stated. The importance 






Doc. ff 0. 45.3 036 

die work, ta a public universal protector of property, and ere 
of lives, from destniclion, would warrant a gcnersl taxaikeU 
pay for it, without reference to auy reveuue it might yield. 
All estimates and thoughu of revenue from the work, sick inta 
iosignificance, when compared with the immense losses it 
would save ; with the considerations of public health and pub- 
lic safely above presented ; and with the blessings to iodivida- 
all ia the doily, nay hourly luxuries to be furmstied from the 
thousands of hydrants which would "dot tlicmap" of otir City. 
Still the Commissioners have bestowed great pains on this sub- 
ject i and not only in collecting facts to show the revenue Ibe 
work will yield, but also, apparently, to bring their estimate to 
the least possible amount : And, yet, on the supposition that 
the water will be taken by only one half of the dwelling houses, 
and after putting the price, not only to them, but to ait facto- 
ries and business establishments, at the lowest rates, they ebew 
a revenue of more tlian 8310,000 per annum ; an excess be- 
yond six per cent, upon the eslimaled expenditure. This C<«n- 
mittee believe, and from the facts stated by the Cotnmissioth 
ers, that the above estimated amount of revenue will, in realitj', 
be doubled, and from the sources enumerated by the Commis* 
aioners. But should revenue fail from those sources, and it is 
impossible that it should, the supply of water for the extin- 
guishment of fu'e, would so reduce the risk of loss by lire, and 
of consequence, the rates of insurance, as to warrant a tax to 
pay the debt; and the savings of insurance would, in a few 
years, pay off the debt, without regard to the savings from loss 
by fire above staled. But no tax will be required, and instead 
of the city being obliged to pay six per cent on the water loan, 
the money can be got at an interest of four per cent, and even 
leas, — for twenty or twenty-five years. 

In addition to the several all important considerations above 
tnumerated, for undertaking this great work — and they ai« 
but a few of those whieh might be urged, and of those which 
are presented in the reports of the Commissioners — it is a 
rwnarkable feature of the work, that as the benefits, and com- 
forts, and luxuries, and blessings, it will confer will be commoa 

H nmarKaoie le 
■ forts, and luxi 

527 [Doc. No. 46. 

D all classes of our citizens, of every lot and condition in life, 
so will be the benelits of the business it will create in itB 
execution, and the expenditure of the millions it will occasion. 
The cost of this work will consist almost entirely of labor: 
Even the value of llie materials that will be used will consist 
in the labor bestowed upon them. And the whole of ihe labor 
and the maierials will be furnished by the two counties of New 
York and West Chester. The large sums which in each weei 
will be expended, will be paid to several thousands of our own 
citizens, to whom employment will be furnished for four years 
in succession, on the labor of the work ; and the money will 
regularly each week return to the City, to reward theindustry 


r other clusses of onr citizens at home, giving energy (o eD> ^^H 
prise and vigour to exertion. ^^M 

The Committee humbly trust that the period has now arri* ^^M 

_ hills 

ved when the disgrace of her water shall be wiped from this 
proud City; and if the last to act, she shall no longer be con- 
sidered the least in the splendour and magnificence of the work 
by which one of the greatest of human blessings shall be secured 
to ber present and future generations. We are now behind 
the age. The examples of Philadelphia, and even the small 
cities on the Hudson are our reproach. No City in Europe, 
of half our size, is without its fountains brought from distant 
bills or rivers, and even the Turk, performing the riles of his 
iel religion, bathes at Constantinople in waters brought from 
mountains, at the estimated expense of 50,000,000 dollars. 
With the most earnest hopes that this work will now be com- 
menced and pressed on with all zeal to its accomplishment, this 
Committee recommend the following resolutions for adoption 
I by the Common Council : 

Hf" Resolved, That the plan adopted by the Water Commission- 
ers for the City of New-York, for supplying the Cily of New- 
York with a sufficient quantity of pure and wholesome water, 
for the use of its inhabitants, and described in their report mads 
g S o the Board of Aldermen on the 16th day of February last, ^m 
Hbei and the same hereby is approved. ^H 

L . m 

5.1 5S8 

That a pdl be, and liereby is appointed to b« 
I days upon which the next annual election for 
■ler ers for this City, is by law appointed to be held, 

the I il the Electors may express their assent or refu- 
£ V the Common Council to proceed in raising the 

essary to construct the works as aforesaid, by de- 
ballots in a box to be provided for that purpoM 
ctive Wards, according to the provisions of the 
" to provide for supplying the City of New- York with pure 
wholesome water," passed May 3, 1634. 

:tfully submitted, this 4th day of March, ISMk 

V [. C. WALES. 






MARCH 17. 1836. 

^ Police Committee presented the following report on the 
jtul^ject of applying to the Legislature for an amendmettt 
of the law granting Taverji and Excise Licenses, which uxu 
r*ad, laid on tlte table, and directed to he printed. 

J. MORTON, Clerk. 

The ComipittGc on Police, Watch and Prisons, to whom 
as referred the resolulioa of Alderman Van Wagenen, in 
e words following : 

Heaolved, That it be referred to the Committee on Police, 
jV^atch and Prisons, to inquire into the expediency of apply- 

5 to the Legislature for the passage of a law prohibiting the 
i|lle of spirituous liquors, to be drank on the premises where 
fVy other description of goods or merchandize are kept for 
pfje, and also to inquire into the expediency of repeahng the 
■ act granting Ucenses, or to recommend some ip)jm:gxgg[)^jj^ . 
tite system. i, , ^„ .,, , 

W Do 

I the 

V res 

Doc. No. 46.] 630 

And nlso the memorials of a large number of citkens od 
the subject of retailing ardent spirits in connectioa with drf 
groceries, bread, meats, and other family lupplies, beg lean 

respectfully to 


That the memorialB now before the Common Council and 
submiued to this Committee, are unquestionably entiUed to a 
patient and respectful consideration, whatever diveraty of 
opinion may exist among the Members of the Board in rela- 
tion to the policy or expediency of the measure* propoaed. 
Such consideration is due alike to the number of signatures 
appended to the memorials, which exceed ten thousand, all of 
whom are citizens entitled to vote in our City and State elec- 
tions, and to the character of very many of the memorialisti, 
who are known to your Committee as respectable, intelligent 
and virtuous citizens, whose integrity of purpose and benevo- 
lence of motive cannot be impugned. Besides, the subject sub- 
mitted in these memorials, is confessedly an important one, and 
has attracted a large share of public attention in our own and 
other countries, and must necessarily continue to present itself 
to the grave deliberation of our national State and City 
Legislatures. It is therefore no longer expedient to avoid the 
examination of this question, now brought before tJie Corpora- 
^on by so large a number of our fellow citizens, especially 
commending itself, as it does, by its own intrinsic importance. 

The single object for which the memorialists pray, is that 
the present license system be so modified diat the business 
of selling ardent spirits shall be separated from every other 
kind of business, by a distinct form of license, which shall pro- 
hibit the sale of groceries, provisions, or any other article 
whatever, except ardent spirits, in the house or premises occo- 
pied under such license. The practical effect of such modiS- 
cation of the license law would be, that a tavern license, which 
authorizes the sale of spiritous liquors to be drank in the 
house, would be given only to those who keep taila J 

■ 531 [Doc. No. 4G.i 

Hfnblic house, or tavern, or to those who keep liquor stores, 
where no oilier article of merchandize is exposed for sale,, 
except excisable, strong, or spirituous liquors. 

The results anticipated by the memorialists are, first. That 
the number of licenses for the sale of ardent spirits in the 
City would be greatly diminished, since a very large majority 
of the tavern licenses now given in this City, are now held by 
those who unite the tralFic in dry groceries, bread, meats and 
lamily supplies, with the sale of ardent spirits. Second — The 
temptation offered to children and domestics in such stores, 
and which have been known to promote intemperance in niul- 
tipfied instances, would thus, to a very great extent, be removed, 
since such persons would not then be exposed to the evil ex- 
ample of tiplers when sent thither for the purchase of the 
necessaries of life. In the consideration your Committee have 
been able to give this important subject, they arc constrained 
to 'admit, thai the evils resulting to our follow citizens from 
intemperance, are neither overrated nor misrepresented by the 
memorialists, nor can it be denied that the number of licenses 
for selling ardent spirits in this City is very far beyond any 
real or supposed wants of our citizens, and especially in some 
of the Wards, where they are so numerous that remonstrancea 
have not unfrequently been made to the Commissioners by tlie 
inhabitants. By an estimate made during the last year, of tlie 
number of licenses, compared with the census, it was demoa- 
strated (hat for every seventy persons in our City, including 
men. women and children, we have one licensed dealer in 
ardent spirits. This appalling fact appears to your Commit- 
tee so plain a demonstration of the needless and mischievoua 
extent of tlie licenses, that they cannot but regard it as worthy 
the serious consideration of the Common Council. Especially 
is this fact entitled to our attention, since it will be found that 
for the present year the number of licenses has been increased 
beyond any previous year; and tliat it has been done unci 
sciously by the Commissioners, is obvious from the fad, tliat 
a great number of applicants have been rejected for the put- 


Doc, No. 46.] 533 

poae of restricting tlie traRic, as far aa it could be consislentlv 
done. Your Commitlee are sware of the great diilicuhy and 
delicacy of legislating on n subject, the success of which nmil 
depend rather upon the influence of mora) means, than upon 
legal enactments. And indeed lliey regard the signal benefits 
ctmferred upon the community, by what has been justly styled 
the temperance reformation, na more ascribaUe to an colight- 
ened public opinion, produced by moral suasion, through the 
medium of the furum and thcprcss,th3n to any restriction upon 
the traffic or use of ardent spirits, which have been or could 
be made by law. Nor do they understand the memorialists to 
desire any compulsory legislation, by which any citizen shall 
be deprived of the rights secured to him by our free cooatitik* 

The prayer of the memorial does not ask that any man shall 
be prohibited from selling ardent spirits, but proposes only that 
all who choose to do so, shall not be permitted to expose for 
sale bread, meats, dry groceries and other family supplies oa 
the same premises where liquors arc sold. Id other words, 
they pray that grocers may be placed on the same footii^ in 
the premises, with dry goods, hardware and other store-keep- 
ers ; and they urge llieir plea in the Common Council from the 
COTisideration. that great and irreparable mischiefs upon the 
rising generation are perpetually resulting from the present 
sygtem. Their children, apprentices and servants are daily and 
unavoidably sent to these groceries for the necessaries of bfo. 
and are thus constantly exposed to ihe evil example of tippling;, 
and the temptations to drinking arc thus ever before tticm,aad 
too often the habit of intemperance is thus formed, which re- 
aulu in their ruin. That there is reason and common sense 
too ID these considerations cannot be denied, and facts, melan* 
eholy »nd multiplied facts, are not wanting to demonstrate that 
such persons have been thus ruined, who else might hnre 
escaped the withering curse of intemperance, many of wliom 
ore now the miterablc tenants of our pauper and criminal 
cslabjishmeols, ADd vour Committee cannot resist the oon- 

M3 [D«c No, 46t 

■Bllon, thtt the Common Council, whO' are ihc constituted 
uardians of the public morals, as well as the public treasury, 
re bound by every principle of duty to ibeir constituents, to 
ttempt the prevention of guch calamitieB, ito^r aa il may be 
one by enlightened legislation. 

The Committee, however, are met by hb iBsaperablc £fii' 
ully in the premises, from the fact that )be law of the Slate 
iistiuctly recognises grocers among the iajiridimls entitled to 
Kvern licenses, aa may be seen by the >cl for ducting tlw 
ixciec, and to regulate inus and taverns la the Chy of New- 
fork, (Laws of 1825, page 25G.) The only lintiutioa tm- 
Kpaed by the net, is in the seventh sectloo, to wit: " Noaucb 
icense shall he granted to any person who is not, in ihe opinion 
if the said Commissioners, of good moral character, and who 
t not a citizen of the United States." 

Hence it is obvious thnt the evils complained of, and refuti- 
ng from the present system, cannot be remedied by the Com- 
nissioDcrs of Excise, under the present law. 

Such is the law of the Stale, made expressly for tlieCity of 
Vew>York, varyitig in some of its essential features from the 
(tbcr law for the other parts of the State. And under such 
sirctimstances, it is plain that the Common Council have no 
»wer to grant the prayer of the memorialists, nor can their 
>bject be obtained but by an act of the State Legislature ; 
(ucii was the opinion communicated to the Committee who 
^resented the memorialonbchalf of the petitioners, and it only 
%maius for your Committee to submit briefly their views to 
he Board of llie propriety and policy of recommending the 
lubject to the consideration of the Legislature. 

That tlie number of licenses to be given in this City is not 
lefioed under the present law, and that the Commissioners 
lave entertained doubts whether they have the power to re- 
strict their number in any given Ward or neighborhood, how- 
ever sound discretion and the wish of the inhabitants may die- 
late, ia, in the opinion of your Committee, a radical defect, and 
ane which loudly calls for remedy. The nature of tliat remedy 


Doc. No. 46.] 534 

must be left lo the wisdom of the Legislature, but that there 
ought to be some limit to the number of the licenses, appesn 
to your Committee lo be strikingly obvious. 

The evils of licensing the sale of.ardent spirits on the same 
premises with the various necessaries of life, are apparent to 
your Committee, and they are not able to perceive any other 
method of correcting tliose evils tlian that named in the tneiDO 
rial ; and although the present law provides expressly ixt 
grocers as eligible to tavern licenses, and notwithstanding toog 
usage has given the authority of custom lo the law, yet yow 
Committee regard the proposition to deprive the grocen of riie 
privilege of this license, as a measure called for by the dictates 
of humanity and enlightened policy; and they cannot but be- 
lieve that most of the respectable grocers of tJris City would 
cheerfully consent to the proposed change for the public good. 
And if, as in some other Cities, and in a few instances in this 
City, they were supplied with our excise license, which forbi^b 
any strong or spirituous liquors to be drank in the house, very 
much mischief resulting from the present system might be 
avoidcil, while their emoluments would be but little invaded, 
and the revenue to the City would be the same. Still, how- 
ever, the policy of raising a revenue from the traffic in ardent 
spirits, at the expense of the pauperism and crime tt occasions, 
tnay well be questioned, unless it were adopted for the pur- 
pose of restricting the traffic, which, in the present case, it ut- 
terly fails, and must ever fail to do, unless the present license 
system be essentially changed. Entertaining such views of 
1he imporlance of this subject, and believing that an enlightened 
public Ecnlimcnl will approve any measure calculated lo re- 
•move or diminish the causes of intemperance nmong our citi- 
-zene, your Committee recommend the adoption of the following 
iresolutions : 

^Reaolved, That il be respectfully recommended lo the Le- 
girilatuvc of this State so to amend or modify the existing 
laws. on Hhc subject of " Exr^isc or Tavern Licenses," that no 


[Doc. No. 46. 

ipooer or dealer in bread, meats and other family mippliea, be 
cpgfble to a tavern license, or be pennitted to sdl ardent 
ipiiits to be drank in the house where such goods are kept for 

JZssobecZ, That the Counsel of the Board be diroetadto 
it the above to the Legislature now in sessioi^ so sooo 


Boounumr xro. s?. 

MARCH 16, 1835. 

The CommiUee on Laws, to whom wot nfemd the subject of 
regutering the votes for the CUy of New-York, presented 
the following report , with tlte project of a Law, to be sent to 
the Legi^turefor enaelotent, which were read, laid on the 
table and directed to be printed for the use of the Members, 
with the accompanying Doaanents. 

J. MORTON. Clerk. 

'' ' The Committee on La^s, &c. to whom was referred the fbl- 
wing resolution : 

Rtsolved, That the Committee or Laws, &c. be instructed 
Fto inquire into the expediency of applying to the next Legisla- 
ture to pass a law requiring a general registry of votes Tor the 
Oily and County of New-York, and prohibiting every person 
from voting at any election in the said ('ily and County, 
whose name has not been previously registered according to 
L^hw — beg leave to 

K That in a country where all the power is moat properly 
Kveetcd in the people, and where this power must of neceoity 

Doc* No. 47] 538 

be exercised through the medium of the elective firmnchiie« iC 
is of the last importance that this franchise be exercised nol 
only freely and justly in point of fact, but in a mode abo>ve all 
suspicion of fraud, knavery or collusion; as every tUiig 
depends upon public opinion, it is not sufficient that good oflt' 
cers be elected, and that wise laws be enacted : the people must 
know that those laws have emanated from persons who have 
been fairly and honestly elected. Now that frauds'^ have been 
practised at the polls the Committee is convinced, at any rilet a 
universal and deep conviction prevails among our citixens that 
tricks have been resorted to for the purpose of defeatiqg die 
election of one condidate, and securing Uiat of another. This 
has been accomplished in two or three ways: 

1st Persons are brought up to vote, who are either not taHS^ 
2ens of the United States at all, or at any rate» not tpuXh 
died to vote in this State. 


2nd. Persons have been known to vole in more lltom ens 
Ward at the same election, 

Lasdy, when in a charter election no contest takea piace m 
one Ward, while a very close struggle occurs in anotter» 
voters are transferred, by lodging one night from the quieaeent 
to the excited Ward. Now all these manoevres, are down- 
right frauds upon the people, and their only remedy is a r^fis- 
try of votes ; the Committee thereforre commends that remedy 
in the form of the following law, which, with the acoompnny- 
ing remarks, is accordingly submitted. 

<■:':'.■ .oM .M><1 ' 


iSprmideJor the regiatering ofpertmu entitled to vote a 
elections in the City of New-York. 

7he people of the State of New-York, represented in Senat» 
^l^pA Assembly, do enact as follows : 

% \. It shall be the duty ofthe Clerk of the City and County 
V New-York, for the lime being, to keep in his office aa 
'Inaoy boobs as there may be Wards in the said City, for the 
purpose of registering therein respectively, the names, occu- 
(ndons and residences of such of the inhabitants of the said 
Wards, respectively, as may claim to be entitled to vote at 
any general or special election, to be held within the said City, 
t» any officer or officers who are or hereafter may be elected 
■ay the people. 

, ^ 2. The said books shall be so prepared and arranged, as 
Id contain each an alphabetical list of the persons claiming to 
fee K) entitled to vote, residing within the Ward for which 
such book is intended, according to their respective surnames, 
iud to show in separate columns the name at full length, the 
occupation and the residence, (by the number of the house, if 
«iy, and the name or title of the street or place) of each per- 
•oo to be registered therein, and the time of such registry. 

§ 3. Every person intending to vote at any such election in 
the said City, shall cause his name, occupation and residence, 
to be so registered in the book, to be prepared for the Ward 
in which he shall reside. 

J 4. When any person shall have caused his name to be so 
registered, it shall not be necessary for him to cause such 
registry to be renewed or changed, so long as ho shall con- 
tinue to reside in the same Ward ; and if he shall afterwards 
remove his residence to another Ward, he shall cause his 
to be registered as aforesaid, in the book inteaded for tha 


Doc No. 47.] 540 

Ward to which he has removed, and the Clerk shall add to 
his name the time when it was first registered in either of the 
said books, and shall erase his name from the hook in which 
it had formerly been registered. 

§ 5. It shall be ihc duty of the Inspectors of every such 
election, on the morning of the 1 st day thereof, previous to the 
opening of the poll, to receive from the said Clerk the book 
containing such registry, intended for the Ward in which the 
elecdon is to be held, of which ihcy are Inspectors, and to 
keep the said book in their custody during the said election, 
and to return it to the office of the said Clerk imniedialety 
aAer the said election. And i^o person ihaU be permitled lo 
vote at such election, unless his name shall have been wo regis- 
tered fifteen days previous to tho time of liia offering to vote. 

§ 6. It shall be the duty of the said Clerk to publish in 
all the daily papers, printed in the City, for one mouth, com- 
mencing six weeks before every election, a notice thai the 
books for registering the voles are open in his office, to receive 
the names of electors, and that they will be finally closed 
fifteen days before the commencement of such election. The 
■aid Clerk shall receive from the City Treasury, at the leimi- 
nation of every election, such a sum, In consideration of the 
above services, as the Corporation shall deem reasoDable. 

§ 7, Tlie expense of providing the said books, andofgiTuig 
the notices directed in the last section, shall be paid out of the 
Treasury of the City and County of New-York, and the Clerk 
of the said City and County shall perfonn the duties imposed 
on him by this aot, without fee or reward from the iodividua) 

( 8, This act shallnoUakeptTecl ufitiJ the IstdayofAi^BMi 

I Vr 6^ .<ih 

I the draft of an act to provide for the regUtermg 9f jkT' 
sons entitled to vole at elections in the City of New-York. 

This act inflicts no penalties — it imposes no burden on the 
pter except that of leaving or eending a memorandum of his 
le, occupation and residence, at the Clerk's Office, which, 
this City, can be no great hardship. He must do this six 
wtba previous to the election, as proof that he has resided 
long in the County. 
^ The oaths now required may still be tendered — and the 
fvincipal benefit of the registry will be to prevent illegal votes 
ifroin being manufactured during or immediately previous to a 
^mtested election. This will be a benefit to all parlies, but 
ftpecially to that which is the strongest, and which has least 
i^emplation to resort to improper means. 
J Should the measure be tried, experience will point out such 
■alterations and improvements as it may be wise to adopt. 
I. The law appears to me to be free from constitutional objeo; 

■^ By the 1st section of the 2d article of the ConBtitution,erery 
c^tisen possessing certain qualifications, was entitled to vote ii 
town or ward where he actually resided. 
This article has been amended, but glill provides that every 
having the qualifications therein enumerated, shall havQ 
M right to vote in the town or ward where be actually i 
«des, and not elsewhere. 

1 notice this similarity, because one objection to a register 
«eems to rest on the right of a citizen to vote where he ro- 
jides, and because it appears, that in this respect, the amend- 
meat to the Constitution has made no alteration. As th« 
article now stands, no person has a right to vote until be 1 
been for six monlhs a resident of the County. 

The 3d section of the same article is as follows : " Lawi 
shall be made for ascertaining, by proper proofs, the citizens 
who shall be entitled to tlie rigiit of suffrage, hereby eslab- 

Doe. No. 47.] 942 

It is therefore undeniablc^at the Legislature may ] 

laws to ascertain, by proper proofs, whether a citizen has been 
a resident of the County in which he offers to vote, for sii 
months. , 

Whether the proof required is proper, on the ground of ex- 
pediency, the Legislature arc to judge. 

To say that tlie Legislature may pais laws to ascertain 
whether a citizen has a right to vote, and yet cannot prevent 
his voting, while he refuses to give the proof by which it is to 
be ascertained, is to render the provision in the Constitution 
nugatoiy. His right is now ascertained by his own oalh ; and 
if he refuses to take it his vote is refused. If additional and 
reasonable evidence is required, and he refuses to give it, his 
vole may, on the same principle, be refused. 

But it may be said that he has a right to vote in the ward 
in which he actually resides, at the moment he tenders hia bal- 
lot ; and therefore, if he removes from one ward to another on 
the second day of election, he has a right to vole eilher in the 
one or in the other, as he thinks fit — and that the act will de- 
prive him of this choice. But in fact the Constitution did not 
intend to guarantee to him this choice. The exercise of such 
a chcMce is a fraud upon the Constitution, It is a choice of 
which the Legislature may certainly deprive him ; for they 
may limit the duration of the election to a single day. But it 
is a sufficient answer, that the Constitution, like every other 
instrument, must be go construed as to make all its parts con- 
sistent with each other. And the section conferring the right 
of suffrage, must be qualified by that which commands the 
Legislature to pass laws for ascertaining who are entitled to 
it, so as to confer the tight on those only who comply with 
laws donate enacted for that purpose; and such laws wilt 
not be void, if they necessarily abridge a right (or rather an 
abuse) not given by the Constitution, but growing out of the 
accidental circumstance thai the election is kept open three days 
jtMtead of one. 



liTbe Committee on Laws, &C. to wbmn was referred tbe res- 
iriation to inquire into the expediency of applying to the next 
Liegialature to pass a law requiring a general registry of votei 
for the City and County of Kcw-York, and prohibiting every 
person from voting at any election in the said City and Countyt 
whose name has not been previously registered according ta 
law ; to whom also was referred the report of the Committer 
' of the late Board thereon, to which is appended the draft of U 
1 {troposed law and observations thereon, respectfully report : 

That they have carefully considered the said report, pre- 
pared by tlie late Assistant Alderman Dr. J. Aug. Smith, and 
fully concur in the views and remarks therein contained. 

This subject also received the attention of our late Mayor, 
the Honorable Gideon Lee. In a communication made to the 
Common Council on the 14th day of April last, be recom- 
mended the passage of additional laws, in confonnity with tbs 
provisions of the 3d section of the 2d article of the ConstHo* 
tion; which reads thus : 

" Laws shall be made for ascertaining, by proper proofs, the 
citizens who shall be entitled to the right of suffrage hereby 

The Committee have long felt the importance of this subject, 
and earnestly hope that the time has cwnc when it will not 
only receive the approbation of the Common Council, but tbs 
prompt action of our Legislature at its next session. 



Doc. No. 47.] 544 

A compliance with the proposed law imposes no faafdship 
upon the citizen. It is the bert mode, in the opinion of the 
Committee, that can be devised, of securing to every hgtl 
voter the certain enjoyment of the elective franchise. 

If not all, it will remedy most of the evils, now complained 
of in this community ; and if it is not found to be perfect in 
all its provisions and detBils».a little experience and practice 
upon it win doubtless suggest such improvements as from time 
to time ought to be made, with a view to realize all the bene* 
fits which it is designed to secure. 

The Committee therefore reoommend the adoption cf the 
jeseludoaand nport, and the proposed draft of a kw oa tbe 
mApct Respecitftdly submitted. 

S GRACE HOLDEN, ) j^ /i.ii.-.iM^ 
^M. SAML. JOHNSON, ^"^ i^mmmm. 
• • • . . _ 

November 24, 1884. 


The Committee on Laws, to whom was referred the report 
fibe Committee of tlie Board of Assistant Aldermeti, on the 
nubject of the registry of voles in tlie City and County of New 
TTork, report : 

That they entirely concur in the report of the Board of As- 
rifltant Aldermen, on the subject referred to them. The rea- 
sooing which is presented in the various document* that have 
been sent to the Common Council, arc so conclusive on thia 
subject that your Committee are not willing to attempt to prove 
what is BO readily admitted by every Member of the Board. 
They therefore refer alt those who desire information, to the 
TeportH and documents from the Board of Assistant Aldermen. . 

They recommend the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the Board of Aldermen concur with the 
Board of Assistant Aldermen, by adopting the report and reso- 
Jiillons herewith presented, and that the Counsel of the Board 
be requested to forward the draft of a law, together with a 
fiuiuble petition, to the Irf?gislature. 


li •■ It 

!•■ 1' 


« • . - • 

■■ -1. ; 
1 '''' 

. 1 

' .!■ 


. I 


•* ! 



'*.» -■ 




MARCH Iti, 1835. 

Committee on Lamps and Gas, to whom was referrtd ths 
report from the Board of Assistants, on lighting sundry 
streets with gas, prvsetited the following report, non-concur- 
ring leith the riport from the Board of Assistants, which 
■ teat read, laid on the table, and directed to be printed, to- 
gether with thr accompanying documents, and lite contractt 
with the tux) Gas Companies. 

3. MORTON, Clerk. 

The Committee on Lamps and Gas, to whwn was referred 
Jibe report of the Commillee on Lamps and Gas, (rem the 
l^oard of Assistant Aldermen, and ihc several resolutions and 
^titions upon the subject of gas, respeciruUy 


"^ That the matter referred to your Committee being of great 
"Snportance, involving several consideraiions growing out of k 
'feontract made with the Maahatian Gas Company, which re- 
"^uires a just and wholesome conslruclion, as it affects their 
%lerest as well as that of the public, they have given the ' 
subject their deliberate consideraiion — have carefully examined 
the contract made with llie Gas Company, and several reports 
^0, and resolutions of tbe Commoo Council upon the'sutw^ J 
Wgaa. • ] 


ZK>c. ffo.48.] 548 

Your Committee fully concur in the opinioD ez| 
Ae report of the Committee referred to^ ^'tbat if the etraeli 
were better lighted* it would not only add greatly to the oan^ 
Tenience of your citizens* but would operate directly to At 
diminution of dime, hy expoug ofienoai to detectioo." Bit 
there may be room to doubt whether the lighting the prepowd 
streets would remedy the evil to the extent that the lame pob- 
lio expenerwonid procure^ applied to the hMineai paste «f the 


Your Committee have therefore considered this mattett sbb- 
ject to several consideraticMn.' - 

First The reference to the greatest benefit to the pobfio to 
rke ^derived fifom the' public expenditure^ and the jost • a p eMfc^ 
•iiea»of theHntiieiL 

. .Mfieoond. b the amount, under all the eirGumstaaeeab to be 
i«|i|»iopriated at this time for gas purpesesu 
.'V. ^UlwL To the just oosistrttctioii of the contract entond jale 
bjlhie> with the Corporation of the Manhattan Gas Camijpnfm 

As to the first, your Committee are of the opinion that the 
greatest benefit to the public will be derived by lighting those 
streets with gas most used at night for business purposes. It 
is there where light is actually required for useful porpoees ; 
and it is there where criminals congregate to commit crime. 
And next to those streets, those in which ofienders are befiered 
to reside, and to which they resort after committing offences, 
ought, in the opinion of your Committee, upon prindplea of 
public policy, to receive the favorable attention of the public 
authorities ; and next, those that are traversed at night for 
pleasurable purposes. 

Your Committee anticipate censure from many of their per- 
sonal friends, for thus placing our most fashionable streets in the 
dark. But a reflecting community will sanction this opinion. 
, Again, those parts of the City embraced in the opinion ex- 
pressed, have long since been improved, and have borne pobBc 
burthens for years. 

To the second. The report and resolutions referred to^ 
ipontemplates placing ^uron gas lamp posts on the north side 
0iCrmd stre^ from BtosA^vi xo ^ ^^uxKlitSr-froni 


[Doc. No. 4»» 

« rtree- 


Graoil itreet in Broadway, lo lOlti »ireet— from Grand itreet, 
in the Bowery, to the 3d Avenue — froir\ Broadway, in Broome 
•Ireet, to the Bowery, and in Bleecker street, from Hammond 

;et to the Bowery, on each side of the four last mentioned 
■ts, the costs of which would, by estimation, amount to 
tfajneen thousand dollars, exclusive of the present lamps, posts, 
and supplying and lighting the same with gas. 

If your Committee was not aware thai numerous applica- 
fiops will immcdialely be made from ijuarters equally entitled 
to light at the public expense, and from many cniided to the 
same, upon just and preferable principles, your Committeo 
oould not, nor would they fee! justified in recommending at 
llus lime an expenditure lo the amount required by the saki 
leport, under the present contracts with the Manhaltno Com- 

1h reference to the third, your Committee would remark, 
tfut the Manhattan Gas Light Company are not bound by 
r contracts, to lay any pipes for the public accommodav 
but only required to supply gas from such as they may. 
fciy, at a rate not exceeding fifteen dollars per lamp, aad that 
rate does not extend above 6th street. 

I( follows that the Company has the right lo lay prpe^ - 
wherever they tliink proper, to the north of Grand, 8ttltiratt' 
aad Canal streets, but that the Corporation have no power to' 
to direct them as lo lime, place, or street. That if they lay^ 
pipes below 6th street, and the Corporation require gas there- 
from, they will exact fifteen dollars for each lamp. If Uitf 
Corporation require gas from any pipe the Company may lay 
above 6ih street, that the price is unlimited, and as a mattef 
of course the Company may exact what sum they please, of 
refuse to furnish gas. The Committee are therefore of opin- 
ion that the Corporation ought not to erect lamp posts lo the 
north of 6th street at all, until an agreement shall have beeit 
made with the Company, fixing the rate of gas, and compelVt 
ing a supply above that line, whenever required by the CorpOt 

The Committee will also remark, it ia to be borne in mind 
that every lamp supplied with gas below fixti »\Tce\., >nv&«c J 


Dm. No. 48.] 550 

contract with the Manhattan Company, ia to cost the City a 
sum nearly equal to the supply of two lamps under the con- 
tract with the old company, therefore it would seem the neces- 
sity ought to be very pressing to induce the required expendi- 
ture previously to a modification of' the contracts. 

It will be said the New-York Gas Company have an ezdn- 
sive right or monopoly by contracts. 

The Manhattan Company have a security against competi- 
tion of as binding force as any contract ; and that consists in 
this, that no Corporation at this day would permit two (Sas 
Companies to occupy the same space, for the reasons assigned 
in the report of tlie Law Committee, of the 23d August, 18S0 ; 
they there say : 

** It has been shown by the result of an investigation made 
by Commissioners in the City of London, and instituted by 
the British Parliament, that serious evils grew out of the ope- 
ralions of different Gas Companies in tiie same district — ^the 
breaking up of the pavement for two sots of mains in the 
place of one — the confusion and disorder produced by pipes 
crossing and intersecting each other — the disputes and delays 
in identifying leakages, altogether become so great an incon- 
venience, that it proved absolutely necessary to separate and 
confine the different companies to different districts, which 
districts w^ere accordingly made of the different companies ; 
and all the latter grants made by Parliament for the metropo- 
lis, to new companies, have been confined to particular and 
exclusive sections of the City." 

Your Committee have therefore come to the conclusion 
expressed in the following resolution, which they respectfully 
submit to the Board : 

Resolved^ That this Board deem it inexpedient to place gas 
lamp posts within the districts leased to the Manhattan Gas 
Light Company, until the sum for the supply of gas for the 
public lamps be definitively fixed, and until the said contract 
with that Company be so modified as to embrace the whole 
of the part of the city leased to said Company. 



H * Tte Committee on Lamps and Gas, to whom was refentd 
* Vaiious petitions for iighting certain streets with gas, respect- 
flilly report : 

That with the exception of a want of good and vrhdeaomti 

water, there exists no subject of more genera] complaint than' 

Aat of a want of sufficient light in our streets. That in ihfl 

Opinion of your Committee, this just cause of complaint should' 

io longer exist, as contracts have been made by the Corpora" 

tioD of this City with the New- York Gas Company, and thtf 

Manhattan Gas Company, providing for a sufficient supply of 

gas Kght when directed by the Common Council. Your Com« 

mittee believe tliat if the streets were better lighted, it would 

not tmiy add greatly to the convenience of our citizens, but 

Lwould operale directly to the diminution of crime, by expotitijf' 

■offenders to detection. Your Commillee therefore reapectfull/ 

mmend a compliance with the wishes of the petitioners,' 

BAuI the adoption of the following resolution : 

\t Setoloed, That the Superintendent of Lamps and Gas btf 
4iuected forthwith to place, agreeably to the directions of tha 
IjBtnp and Gas Committee, iron gas lamp posts on the north' 
lide of Grand street, from Broadway to the East River i in 
Broadway, from Grand street to lOlli street; in ihc Bowery, 
from Grand street to the 3d Avenue ; in Broome street, from 
Broadway to the Bowery, and in Bleecker street, from Ham- 
aaond street to the Bowery, on cach'side of tlie said four last 
Meationed streets, the said lamp posts to he placed about ono 
buodred feet apart, or as near that distance as they can b» 
advantageously placed ; the same to be under the direction of 
tko Lamp and Gas Committee, and that said Superintcndenf 

Itiolify said Gas Companies of this resolution. 


p. A. TAI.LMADGE. ) 

HORACE H0LDI3N, f Cimmimmeri. 



Akticlea op Aoreemcnt, indented, mnde and coocloded 
this twelftli day of May, in the year or our Lord one thousand 
eijjht liundred und twenty-three, belweon the Mayor, Alder- 
men and Coininunalty of the City of New-York, of the firrt 
pan, and lliu New-York Gas Liglit C-ompany of the >eeond 
part, wiTNKBSBTu that the said parties of tiio first part, formnd 
in consideratiun of the covenants, articles and agreements here- 
inafter inenBoned, on the part of the said parties of llie second 
part and their successors, to be ohacrved, performed and kept. 
Do hereby grant, demise and to fann let, to the said parlies 
of tlie second part and their successors. All and singular Ai 
toU and ejccluiive privilege and right of laying or placing under 
ground, pipes in all and every of the public streets and parts 
of streets of the city of New- York, lying and being aouth^t 
line commencing at the East River, at Ifie foot of Grtntd ttrtttt 
and running Ihmugk Grand sirett to Sultii-an street, aad 
through SuUioan street to CriTwl street, and through Cmui 
ttretl to the NortJt or HiuUon River, for conducting Gas, for 
lighting the public lamps in the streets and parts of streets 
south of said line, and tiic houses and buildings, fronting or to 
Iron!, on oi' bounded by or adjacent to the streets or }»art of 
streets south of said line. 

To HAVE AND TO tioLD and to enjoy the same unto the said 
parlies of the second part, and their successors, from the dtj 
of the date of these presents for and during and until the 12th 
day of May, which will be in the year of our Lord one thou» 
sand eight hundred and fifty-three ; puonnEo NETBBTBBiiBsas 
and this grant is upon this express condition, that tho said pai^ 
ties of the second part and their successors, shall and do in oU 
things well and sufficiently keep, j>erform and observe all and 
singular the covenants, articles, agreements and siipulationa 

533 [Doc. No. 49. 

their part tw be kept, performed and observed ai herein- 
after is set Ibrlh and agreed : 
And the said parties of the second part, in consideration of 
e premises, do for themselves and their successors covenant 
id agree to and with the said parties of the first part and 
eir successors, as follows: that is to say, that they the said 
lies of the second part, shall and will, before the twelfth 
ly of May, in the year of oui- Lord one thousand eight hurt- 
dred and twenty-five, erect, establish and complete in the saitl 
(tity of New-York, good and sufficient buildings, works and 
Apparatus, for the preparing and manufacture of Gas: and 
.t they will also cause the pipes for conducting the same, 
of sufficient capacity, to be laid, and will also manufaclure 
jOr cause to be manufactured and supplied in the most improved 

BOianner, sufficient quantities of the best quality Gas, common- 
ly called infiammabic Gas, for lighting the houses and public 
Jftinpa in the street called Bioadway, in the said City, from 
Ibe Battery to Grand street, in the manner hereinafter meo- 
ined ; and illso mor£ovkr that they the said parties of iho 
Bond part, shall and will at all times from and after the- 
^elflh day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand 
■tight hundred and twenty-eight, and during the residue of the 
Jterm of this grant, in like manner cause the pipes of sufficient 
^capacity for conducting the said Gas to be laid, and wit] also 
Jnanufacture, or cause to be manufactured and supplied in the 
joaost approved manner^ sufficient quantities of the said Ga» vf 
the best quality, for well and sufficiently lighting the streets, 
^pRTts of streets and public places, and the public lamps and 
, bouses adjoining or to adjoin ail and singular the streets 
,mnd parts of streets lying in the said city south of the afore- 
jwid line, at such periods as the said parties of the first p»rt 
friiall from time to time, alter the said twelfth day of May, ia 
,lhe year of ©ur Lord one thousand eight hundred and tweniy- 
.«ght, by resolution or by law reasonably require of the said 
parties of the second part. 

And that alt such pipes to be furnished by the said partiei 
^the second part) and placed under ground for the puiposeflf 


; aaa 

Doc No. 48;] 554 

-eoadactiiig tfae HidGu laaDor dlfasrof tlie nid 8tr«;(s,ar 
puli of ftneti, ihaU be mads and coMtrDcied in ihc dioB 
.appKvrad maniiBr of caat inn and of tha best niaicriaU ; And 
:abOk .ibat tbs «id portiea of tba Mcond port, nhail and wtQ 
light Mich and lo many odtitt puUic Umft wiili Uie best qm- 
.fity ofOai aa are in itw itrMla, or paita of streels of the sud 
.dty muh of the afbmaid lioB, whenarar tb»y may be iTf]Ditwl 
to Ught the aams, or any ntanberof iha laaic, by Uie s&id p«r- 
tisa of iha fiiM part, or their aoooeaKNrs j the said lamps to be 
.li^Md daring ■mh timea aa the public latnpe arc now i«<iiiiT9d 
, Itdba lighted, and in tbeatraoU or partatrfilreets, la which the 
.'pipea far oonduetiiig Gea rfmll be bud aocordiug to these pre- 
aesK at a yearly ezpenie to the laid parties of the first part 
aot exceeding what would be the expense of lighting and 
anpfdyiag an equal number of the aaid lamps wiih ml of " 
^tadity geaendly uaed Ibr that porpoae, ealimitiitig the 
of oil at Ifaa averngs price of the aame in tliu city of N( 
York during the preceding year. 

AicD ruKTHBB, That the said parties of the aecond pU^ 
riiall likewise furnish at their own expense the Decenarj eofr 
ducton of metal of sufficient capadty lo the lamp poata^ that 
the lights of the said lamps shall be of a quality, brilltaaey, or 
intensity, equal to the Gas in use for the public lamps in tfae 
city of Loodon ; the said parties of the tirst part bewerer, to 
be at the expense of lamps, lamp irons, lamp posts, and fittings 
ap, and at no other expense for fixtures, conductors, lepaira, or 
. on any other account whatsoever. 

And also, that the parties of the second part shall and will at 
all times give forty-eight hours notice to the said parties of dv 
&rst part, or to their Street Commissioner, of their intention to 
break up, or open any street, or part of a street, for the par^ 
pose of laying or repairing the pipes to conduct the Gas; and 
that they will replace the earth which they may remove in ao 
doing, before sunset of die day on which such opening shall be 
made, and that they will replace the pavements, and repare 
and repair the same, in such reasonable time and manner ai 
the md partiei of the first part, or th«r Street Conm^aBOoer 

amy «iirect, tnd in aa good nai firm « manoer «s the ttreet* 
were in before being broken up for llie aforesaid purpose ; And 
further, that all such repairs as shall, at any time, become ne- 
cessary by reason of the said pipes or conductors, shall alfvay* 
be made and done by the said parties of the second part, at 
their own cost and expense. 

And also, that the said parties of the second part will so 
conduct their manufactory or manufactories of Gas as not to 
create a nuisance, and that they will in all things be governed 
by such reasonable and necessary rules and regulations as th« 
said parties of the first part, or their successors, may from tima 
to time pass, ordain, and establish, relative to the opening of 
•treeis, and laying down the pipes and conductors aforesaid. 

Provided, always, that nothing in this grant contained shall 
be construed to prevent any person or persons residing on, 
adjacent, or near to any of the said streets or parts of streets 
in the said city south of the aforesaid line, fiom erecting in or 
on his or their own premises, anybuildingor apparatus to light 
with Gas his or their own house or manufactory ; and Provided 
farther, and the premises hereby granted, are also upon this 
t Express condition, any thing herein contained to the contrary 
■ Notwithstanding, that if the said parties of the second part, or 
1 IBieir successors, shall not well and faithfully observe, perform, 
Ifi), and keep all singular the covenants and conditions 
(ve contained, on their part and behalf to be observed, per- 
med, fulfilled, and kept according to the true intent and 
meaning of these presents, then and in that case it shall and 
may be lawful for the said parties of the first part, in Common 
Council convened, by a resolution or order to annul and vacate 
Lftis grant, and thereupon the premises hereby demised shall 
B revested in the said parties of the first part, or their sue- 
I, as fully and completely as if this indenture bad never 
sen executed. 

Im wmrEBB WHEKBOF, to (MM part of this indenture re- 
taining with the said parties of the first part, the said par- 
I of the seccmd part have caused the common seal of the 




M ia tin Mhtf jut tbereor, rcmftioiiig witb the s 

> be bSxcJ; 

, „ ! raid panJei 

of'^ MOlllBd P*^ lli* Mill parties of lh« first pari have cauMit . 
lt« ciKDinpa im] of the city uf New-Yortt to bo affiled, x"^ 
uiy'iiitA ytmx fint abovu written. 

' Bjr tfw Common CouncQ i 


J. MORTON. Cleri. 



[t iMDEirruAB made this 8th day of May, A. D. 1S33, 

tetWeen the Mayor, AldermcD and Commonally of the city 
of New-York, of the first part, and tlie Manhattan Gas-Light 
Company of the second part, wilnesseth, that the said parties 
of the firat part, for and in consideration of the covenants, 
articles and agreements hereinafter mentioned, on the part of the 
said parties of the second part, and their successors, to be ob- 
served, performed and kept, do hereby grant and demise to 
the said parties of the second part, and their successors, the 
privilege and right to lay or place under ground, pipes in any 
Biid all of the streets, avenues and public places of the city of 
New-York, lying and being north of a line commencing at tha 
East River, at the foot of Grand street, and running through 
Grand street to Sullivan street, and through Si>l!ivan street to 
Canal street, and through Canal street to Uie North or Hudson 
River, and in any or every part of any such street, avenue or 
public place for the purpose of conducting gas, commonly called 
inflammable gas, for lighting the public lamps in the said 
streets, avenues and public places, and parts thereof, as herein- 
after mentioned, and for lighting the houses or buildings front- 
ing or to front on or bounded by or adjacent to the said streets, 
avenues and public places, or parts thereof. To have, hold, 
use and enjoy the said right and privilege, unto the said par- 
ties of the second part, and their successors, from the day of 
the dale of these presents, until the twelfth day of May, which 
will be A. D. 1S53 ; provided always, and these presents are 
upon this express condition, that they, the said parties of the 
second part, and their successors, shall and do. In all tiunga. 

Doc. No. 48.] 558 

well and sutliciently keep, perform and observe, all and «uigu- 
lar, the covenants, articles, provisions, agreements and stipula- 
lions on their part to be kept, performed and observed, as her*- 
inafter specified. 

And the said parties of the second part, in consideration <rf 
the premises, do for themselves, and tlieir successors, covenant 
ani agree to and with the said parlies of the first part, and 
their successors, as follows, that Is to say, that any gas home 
<jr works, for the manufactory of such gas, to be creeled or 
established by the said parties of the second part, in the diy 
of New-York, shall be so erected and established on ihs mar- 
gin either of the Hudson or of the East River, not south of 
Hlh street in the said city ; and itist all pipes for conducting 
"the same which the said parties of the second part may cause 
W be Jaid, shall le of sulficieni capacity, and made and con- 
■tructed of the best materials of cast iron, and in the most ap- 
proved manner ; also, that from all such main pipes, as ihey 
may lay or caused to be laid by virtue of the right and privi- 
lege hereby granted, they will supply with gas, and cauie to 
b^ lighted, such and so many of the public lamps opposite or 
adjacent to such main pipes, as they may, from time lo lime 
"he required to do by the said parties of the first part, and that 
the said lamps shall be so lighted during such timei as the 
public lamps throughout the city of New- York are required 
to be lighted by the regutatioji of the said jjarties of the fint 
part ; and that all such public lamps situated north of ihe line 
aforesaid, and south of the line of Sixth street, which the said 
parties of the first part may require to he so supplied with gas, 
and lighted as aforesaid, shall be so supplied and lighted by the 
■^d parties of the second part, at a yearly expense to the said 
parties of the first part, not exceeding fifteen dollars for sup- 
plj-ing each of such lamps with gas, and lighting the same. 
And it is further agreed, that the said parlies of the second part 
'shall furnish at their own expense, the necessary conductors of 
metal of sufficient capacity to tlie lamp posts of such public 
tamps as they may be required to supply with gaa and light 
J&^tfbresaid ; and that the liglit of the said lampa ahlll *" "* 


^^ ""M» Doc. No. «.ll I 

a quality, brilliancy or intenaity equal to ihe gas in use for the I 
i>ublic lamps in the dty of London. It is understood, ho^vevei'f I 
that tho parses of the first part, are to be at the expense of ■ 
tuch lamps, with their lamp irons, lamp posts and fittings up, I 
but at no other expense for fixtures, condurtors, repairs, or OQ ■ 
any other account whatsoever for the same. And it is further I 
kgreed, that the said parties of the second ['art, shall at afi I 
times, give forty-eight hours notice to the said parties of tte ■ 
'first pari, or their Street Commissioner, of their intention 16 I 
"break up or open any street, avenue or public place or part I 
thereof, or to remove any part of the pavement llierefrom, fcr I 
the purpose of laying or repairiug the pipes to conduct As I 
.said gas, and ihat they will replace the earth which they mar fl 
remove in ao doing, before sunset of the day on which audi I 
opening shall be made, and that tliey will replace the pavemeii I 
' ^and repave and repair the same in such reasonable time am I 
IS the said parlies of the first part, or iheir Stren I 
' 'Commissioner may direct, and in as good and firm a maww^ ■ 
' as such streets, avenues or public places or parts thereof ven I 
^ in before being broke up for the purpose aforesaid. Also, that J 
•11 such repairs as shall at any time become necessary Wfl 
nason of laying the said pipes or conductors, shall be madp I 
end done by the said parties of the second part, at their owal 
cost and expense. Also, that no such street, avenue or pub^l 
place or part thereof, shall be so broken up or opened, or tM^ 
pavement thereof removed, or shall be again filled up or ra>l 
paired, or such pavement replaced, except under the directioal 
and supervision of a competent person to be appointed by t)w n 
■aid Street Commissioner, and who shall be considered as in 
the employ of the said panics of the first pari, but who shall 
be paid for his services, by the said parties of the second part, 
such sum as the said Street Commissioner may direct, not ex- 
ceeding one dollar and fifty cents per diem, for each day that 
he may be so employed. Also, that no such street, avenue or 
public place, or part thereof, shall be so broken up or opened, 
or the pavement thereof removed at any lime between the 
of JP^fiDiher and Ibe first of March, during the continu- 


Doc. No. 48v] 560 

ance of the term mentioned in these presents, without the con- 
sent of said the Street Commissioner being first obtained for 
that purpose. 

And it ia further agreed, that the said parties of the second 
part shall and -will so conduct their manuraclory or manafac- 
lories of gas as not to create a nuisance, and that ihey will in 
all things be governed by such reasonable and necessary rules 
and regulations as the said parlies of the first part, or their 
successors, may, from time to time, pass, ordain and establish, 
relative to the opsning of such streets, avenues or public placet, 
or parts thereof, and laying down the pipes and conductors 

And it is hereby expressly provided, that nothing herein con- 
lamed shall be construed or deemed as granting to the said 
parties of the second pari, any sole or exclusive right or privi- 
lege, or as preventing the said parties of the first part from 
granting the like privileges as are hereby given to the said 
parties of the second part, to any other company, persons or 
parties whatsoever, or as preventing any person or persons 
residing on or adjacent or near to any of the said streets, are* 
nues or public places, or parts thereof, lying north of the line 
hereinbefore first mentioned, from erecting in or upon his or 
their own premises, any building or apparatus, to light with 
^as, his or their own house, store, manufactory or premises. 
And it is further provided, and these presents arc upon the ex- 
press condition, that if the said parties of the cecond part, or 
their susccssors, shall not well and truly observe, perform, fulfil 
and keep all and singular, the covenants and conditions herein- 
before contained, on their part and behalf to be observed, per- 
formed, fulfilled and kept, according to the true intent and 
meaning of these presents, then, and in that case, it shall and 
may be lawful for the said parties of the first part, by a reso- 
lution or order to be passed in Common Council, to annul and 
vacate this grant, and thereupon, the premises hereby demised 
shall be revested in the said panics of the first part, or tl 
successors, as fully and completely as if this indenture ll 
never been executed. 

mil wff bnt '^' 


[Do€. No. 48. 

la witness whereof to one part of this indenture* reroiiniiy 

irilh the said parties of the first part* the said parties of the 

aaoond parthaTe caused the >:oinmon seal of the said the Man- 

failtan Gas Light Company to be affixed, and to the other part 

fliereo^ remaining with the said parties of the second part, the 

itid parties of the first part have caused the common seal of 

&e City of New- York to be affixed the day and year abova 



£1.. s.] President M. G. h. Co. 

Doc No. 48:] 554 

. ^%fp i4y^«ig the nid 6u In aO or cither of the fud.sU«MbCl|r. 

parts of itreeti, thall be made and oonstrocted in tli|e jmL? 

.appcored manner of cast iron and oflha best materiabt AmU 

labo^ «1hat the said parties of the second part, shall ani di^ 

light soch and so many of the public lamps with the belt qpi>' 

My ofOas as are in the streets, or parts of streets crf'te-'Spi 

.city soath of the aforesaid line, whenever they may be ifequMd 

to Ugjbi the same, or any nomber of the earned by the ssUTlNV* 

tiss of the first part, or their soooessors ; the.said hunpa tolto 

Ijghisd during snob times as the public lamps are now reqibfld 

, U^ted, and in the streeu or parts of streets, in wUokte 

.pipes fcr conducting Gas shall be laid aocordii^ to these pn-. 

aeat% at a yearly expense to the said parties of the ftnst iiiM» 

:iKil exceeding what would be the expense of lighting and 

snpirijriag an equal number of the said lamps with ofl of An 

^inlity generally used for that purpose, estimatinig the psia 

of oil at the average price of the same in the city of lliiiN 

York during the preceding year. 

Aim FURTHER, That the said parties of the second psitt 
shall likewise furnish at their own expense the necessary con- 
ductors of metal of sufficient capacity to the lamp posts^ that 
the lights of the said lamps shall be of a quality, brilliancy, or 
intensity, equal to the Gas in use for the public lamps in the 
city of London ; the said parties of the first part bowerer, to 
be at the expense of lamps, lamp irons, lamp posts, and fittings 
np^ and at no other expense for fixtures, conductors, repairs, or 
. on any other account whatsoever. 

And also, that the parties of the second part shall and will at 
all times give forty-eight hours notice to the said parties of die 
first part, or to their Street Commissioner, of their intention to 
break up, or open any street, or part of a street, for the pur- 
pose of laying or repairing the pipes to conduct the Gas; and 
that they will replace the earth which they may remove in so 
doing, before sunset of the day on which such opening shall be 
made, and that they will replace the pavements, and repave 
and repair the same, in such reasonable time and manner as 
the said parties of the first part, or their Street Commissioner 

" 355 [Doc. N©. 4a.i 

ttiiy direct, and io as good and firm a manner a> the itrcet* 
were in before being broken up for the aforesaid purpose ; Aod 
ittrther, that all such repairs as shall, at any lime, become ne- 
cessary by reason of the said pipes or conductors, shall alway* ' 
be made and done by the said parlies of the second part, at 
their own cost and expense. 

And also, that the said parties of the second part will to 
conduct their manufactory or manufactories of Gas as not to 
create a nuJAance, and that they will in all things be governed 
by auch reasonable and necessary rules and regulations as the 
nid parties of the first part, or their successors, may from time 
to time pass, ordain, and establish, relative to the opening of 
Streets, and laying down the pipes and conductors aforesaid. 

1*rovided, always, that nothing in this grant contained shall 
be construed to prevent any person or persons residing on, 
adjacent, or near to any of tlie said streets or parts of streets 
in the said city south of the aforesaid line, from erecting in or 
(m his or their own premises, any building or apparatus to light 
with Gas his or their own house or manufactory ; and Provided 
ferther, and the premises hereby granted, are also upon this 
express condiuon, any thing herein contained to the contrary 
notwithstanding, that if the said parties of the second part, or 
their successors, shall not well and faithfully observe, perform, 
fulfil, and keep all singular the covenants and conditions 
above contained, on their part and behalf to be observed, per- 
Cinned, fulfilled, and kept according to the true intent and 
ineaning of these presents, then and in that case it shall and 
may be lawful for the said parties of the first part, in Common 
Council conrened, by a resolution or order to annul and vacate 
Ais grant, and thereupon the premises hereby demised shall 
be revested in the said parties of the first part, or their suc- 
eessors, Bs fully and completely as if this indenture had never 
been executed. 

ht wrmTEBB WHBKSOF, to one part of this indenture re- 
maining with the said parties of the first part, the said par- 
lies of the second part have caused the conunon seal of tlw 

Doc. No. 4g.] 564 

■wallowed up much that waa good, eren if it haa taken awiy 
much that waa eviL The Committee think, that one gieat 
reason why the laws made to secure due alarma of fire late 
proved inefficient, is, that the penalty affixed for 
ance with the requisition of the laws, by those chaiged 
the duties creat«Ml theveby, ia that such pannltias are and Imm 
been pecuniary ; and the enforoement of obedieiioo In* the 
laws, imposed attendance upon courts, and the rejaSam tf" 

hwlQita, 7<>iNUk^th« tvibflMfP^aioad ir,tai|Mn;^^ 
the inject in view, the Committee have prepared the mft of 
a law, which they annex hereto, ja vbioh they have made fh» 
penalty for non-compliance with the law, a removal tn» 
office by the appebtiDg power. 

By exisling kwa, the duty of giving alarma of fitea<f«q^ 
it <^iaifed 09 the waleb ( and by other exiatiog 1aws^iii»«aad» 
tteilttty of the watch to attend} allfirea 9 and as, dianAM^ te 
times of fire the whole watch are kept on doty ihb ^mUt 
night, It^is'theff interest not to give alarms, that those on dm^ 
may get on to relief, and those who are in, need not be caBef 
out. So long as the watch arc required to attend fires, depen^ 
denco upon them for efficient fire alarms, will be a weak ens^ 
except supported by very efficient laws, promptly executed^ 
By the proposed law, a power of appointment and rtmoral ia 
in certain cases given to the Chief Engineer, as head of the 
Fire Department. The efficiency and reputation of which is 
deeply interested in the due execution of the proposed law,, 
and a control is given to the Captains of Watch durif^ the- 
night, to secure a proper supervision over those chaified wftfe 
the duties created by the law, and a proper routine of doty.. 
These prlhciples the Committee have endeavored to ineorpo^ 
rate in the law, a draft of which is heveto annexed, and' they 
recommend the same for passage by the Comtnon Cooneil. 
Most respectfully submitted, 





Itl. ,nV, •Villi 


To amentl the Imw entiilei " a Latojvr preventing a 

gmslting jires.^ 

The Mayor, Aldermen and Commonaity of the City (rf 
!NBw-Tork in Common Council convened, do ordain as fol- 

!«f A Watchman ahall at all times, be stationed in the 
V«p<M. of the City Hal!, for the purpose of giving alarms of 
$se Whenever cause thereof shall arise. The Chief EngioeAr, 
fcy and with the consent of the Mayor, shall appoint a com- 
pctent number of persons to perform the duty of such Watdl- 
cnwi day and night, and ihey shall be severally removable by 
ihe Chief Engineer, and at all times during the night be sub- 
ject to the rules and regulations of the Walch Department, 
and the authority of the ofScera of the Watch, and as audi, 
members of the Watch Dcpanmcnt. 

2d. On the ooi'urrence of any fire, the City Hall bell shall 
ite rung by the Watchman on duly in the cupola, and tho 
ringing thereof shall be continued during the continuance of 
the fire, and he shall give notice of llie locality of the fire, _ 
■by ringing said bell, in a manner which shall be inscribed 
by directions to be given by Ihe Committees on Fire and 
Water and Chief Engineer, and by hanging out a light in 
Ihe direction of the Fire, and for neglect of any of the duties 
required by this law, he shall be removed from office by 
the Chief Engineer or Captains of the Watch. 

3d. That upon the happening of any fire, the several Watch 
House and Market bells shall be rung, and also all other alarm 
bells, and the same shall be done whenever any one alarm 
bell shall ring, and the ringing thereof shall be continued until 
the ringing of the City Hall bell shall be slopped. 
L 4th. That all Watchmen, bell ringers and other persons or | 
■ officers charged with the ringing of bells in cases of fire, shall 


566 [Doc. No. 49. 

oa n^lect to comply witi) tha raMl^ODs of ihb law, be 

removed fixMn office, by the person or authority having power 

ti^y]ie;p(iQye himf oi^ such person qr authprity biiDg credibly ^ 

formed of such neglectri^id be shall not be reappomted to tint 

or any other office under the Corporaticm within one year 

1ii»ft9f,^ch.jefl^ovaJ., , :,. 

.!.,^^. Tif^Q^QUef Eo^ecr is hereby required to repqrtio 

the Common Council all cases of neglect on the part .of the 

bell ringers to churches, to ring their bells in alarms of lEn. 

' i!;6lh.i The Captains of the Watch« respectively, shall tsmofft 

'tfromr office every Watcbfnan who shall fiiil/or negIeot.|»fjvfe 

.ifaaiiMlides «tid aliirm^'Of: ix^ by cryii^ fire, and mffftlinwug 

-tbe-atreet wher<9.itm|by lie, as requiij^d by the 87th. s8ctio»tf 

'thsjlMr hcsieby aodendieci, and such lamoval shall be. mula- Jmt 

-fiKA GaptaiQ, <m-4ii9 beiiig ci]edib^ informed tbereof by any 

-liMmbto :<»r effiie^r (of. die 11x9 Departa 

■ * ■ 



APRIL 13, 1835. 

The Joint Commillce on Wharies, ^-c. and Streets, to wlum . 
had been refirrcd the subject of milking South street, from 
Markft to Rutgen Blip, piesenteil UiefoUomng repot t in 
Jmur of the same, vhich was reaif, luiil on tfie table, du 
recteti to be printeil, and made t/te tpecial order of tlie day 
for the iKxt meeting. 

J. MORTON Clerk. 

The Special Commiltee, conslsling of the Joint Committer I 
on Wharves and Public Lands and Places, of both Boardi^l 
«nd the Sireet CoinmiUce of ihe Board of AlJermcn, 
whom was referred the pciiiions "f l!ie inhabitnnts of Ihe 7t|i 1 
Ward and others, to fill up and make S'mth street, from thp | 
west side of Market slip lo the east side of Rutgers slip, bey I 
leave to 


They have caused to be notified a large number of the pep- 
aons, both of those in favor of, and against the improvemejitt J 
who have on sundry occasions met the Comntiltce, and wei|k I 
aeverally asked to express iheir upprobation of, or dissent froat | 
tlw measure, and to explain their views relative thereto. T^ J 

■ Doc. No. 48. j 560 ^M 

■ aace of Ihe term mentioned in thew presents, without the e«^^' 
sent of said the Street Commiasioner being fint obtained lor 
that purpose. 

And it is further agreed, that the said partiet of the second 
part ahall and will so conduct their manufactory or manafac- 
tories of gas as not lo create a nuisance, and that they will in 
all things be governed by such reasonable and necessary rules 
and regulations as the said parlies of the first part, or their 
successors, may, from time to time, pass, ordain and establish, 
relative to the op«ning of such streets, avenues or public placu, 
or parts thereof, and laying down the pipes and conductors 

And it it hereby expressly provided, that nothing herein con- 
tained shall be construed or deemed as granting to ihc said 
parties of tlic second part, any sole or exclusive right or privi- 
lege, or as preventing the said parties of the first part from 
gnndiig the like privileges as arc hereby given to the said 
parties of the second part, to any other company, persons 
parties whatsoever, or as preventing any person or perw 
residing on or adjacent or near to any of the said streets, » 
nues or public places, or parts thereof, lying north of the u 
hereinbefore first mentioned, from erecting in or upon his or 
their own premises, any building or apparatus, to light with 
^as, his or their own house, store, manufactory or premu 
And it is further provided, and these presents are upon the t 
press condition, that if the said parties of the second part* 
their successors, shall not well and truly observe, perform, 
and keep all and singular, the covenants and conditions b 
before contained, on their part and behalf to be observed, 
formed, fulfilled and kept, according to the true intent 
meaning of these presents, then, and in that case, it shall 
may be lawful for the said parlies of the first part, by a i 
lution or order lo be passed in Common Council, lo annul 
vacate this grant, and thereupon, the premises hereby dei 
shall be revested in the said parties of the first part, or 
successors, as fully and completely as if this indenture 
never been executed. 


[Do9. No. 48. 

la witness whereof to ewe part of this indenture, remainii^ 

with the said parties of the first part* the said parties of the 

Moond part have caused the common seal of the said the Man* 

haUan Gas Light Company to be affixed, and to the other part 

thereof, remaining with the said parties of tlie second part, tiie 

aaid parties of the first part have caused the common seal of 

the City of New- York to be affixed the day and year abova 



[i.. s.] President M. G. L. Co. 

Doc. Nd. 50.] 570 

Company, have stated their views as favorable to ihe genera! 
improvemcDt of this section, but doubt whether, from the depfli 
of water, piers can be constructed ; with regard to this point, 
the Commiltee du not entertain the smallest doubt, and as esi- 
dencc, that substunlial and durable piers can be built, in situa- 
tious exposed to llie strongest tides of the harbor, they haw 
only to ask the attention of the Board, to ihc long pier at the 
fiwt of Catharine street, the pier running out from the South, 
west side of Market slip, the piers extending from both side* 
of Rutgers slip, and that from the foot of Jefferson street ; 
all these piers have been built in the deep water, and have 
withstood the action of the strongest current without injury; 
the evidences are amply suiBcicnt, that there is no weight in 
this objection. 

The advocates for the continuation of the Screw Dock, in 
its present location, say, it ou.;ht not to be removed, because 
it is a great improvement in a commercial point of view, em- 
ploys many persons, and has been constructed at considerable 
expense ; the value of the improvement the Commiliee do not 
deny, but do not conceive the objection of sufflcient wei^t to 
stop the progress of public improvement. The Screw Dock 
Company is a chartered incorporation, but in this matter it is to 
be considered in the same light as an individual, and the same 
principle is to be ap;.lied to th^m as would be to individuals, 
viz. that whenever the public good requires, private interest 
must yield. 

The argument that it is a great public improvement ought 
not to prevail. The Stockholders in that Corponilion, are 
like those in every other, who invest from prospects of gain, 
and it can hardly be supposed that tbey were influenced by 
any other motive ; neither can the fact, that they employ b 
great many men prevail, for if the Screw Dock was located 
in any other place, they would still have occasioa to hire the 
same number of workmen. 

That the fixtures and machinery, have cost a coo sidemble 
lUm of money, there can be no doubt. But it is a very siiigu- 
Jar fa£t, that Ijus company should have constructed Ibese ex- 


[Doc. ^o. 50. 

pemive works within Uie pennaoent line of the City plan, 
widiout having inquired of ihe public authorities, as to iheir 
right, for such exclusive use and occupation of tiiis water, or 
what length of time would probably elapse before the publte 
eoavenicnce called for the filling up and forming the extericv 
street in ihiapart ofthe City, by carrying South street through; 
«nd it is still more singular, they should have gone ou to erect 
their latter and more expensive hydraulic works in this loca- 
tion, after it was known to them, that an application had 
been made, and was then pending before the Common Coui^ 
cil, to till up these \v:itcr lots, and form the exterior street tn 
ibis very place. 

«T The Commiliee beg leave tn call the attention of the Com- 
iWaoi] Cnunci], to the oi-iginal application made by the Screw 
JPock Company to the Corporation, which was presented on 
a I9ih of iVIay, 1823, and in Hie following words : 

To the Honorable tlie yimjor and CommonaUy of the City 
jg/" New-York, in Common Council convened : 


The petition of the Screw Dock Company, respectfully 
howeih : 
That your peiitioners are the owners and proprietors of 
Vertain piers and bridges in front of Glovei^s or Bain's Wharf, 
situate on the East River, in tlie City of New- York, which 
piers and bridges they are desirous of extending into the East 
River, so far as the permanent line of building out into the 
said river extends, for the accommodation of steamboats. 
That Ihe East River steamboats have been subject to great 
'JBConvenicnce in finding suitable accommodations for lying at 
"ihe wharves while in this City, and have been frequently oblig- 
Ead to alter their places of lying, and the proprietors or agents 
'pf many of ihcm have therefore applied to your petitioners, 
and requested that their boats might be permanently accom- 
modated by the aforesaid contcmplaleii extension of the said 
siers and bridges, and might have a preference over other ves- 
" 'injyiog thereat 

Ooc. No. 50.] 572 

Wherefore, your peUtioners respectfully pray, not odyte 
permission to extend the said piers and bridges, but that thoj 
may be duly authorized and empowered by your honorabk 
body, to prevent all other vessels lying at the said piers and 
bridges, when requested by or on behalf of your petitioners to 
remove therefrom, in order to make room for steamboats, and 
that this privilege may be granted and continued to your peti- 
tioners for the term of fourteen years. 

And your petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray, dte. 

JESSE IIURD, President 

The application, of which the foregoing is a copy, and be* 
ing the only one made by the Screw Dock Company to the 
Corporation, was referred to the Committee on Wharves, Piers 
and Slips. It will clearly be seen, that this petition asks for two 
things, IsL — for liberty to extend the piers, and 2ndly. — for 
the exclusive appropriation of the use of the water adjacent 
to the piers when so extended, to steamboats alone ; not the 
smallest indication is given by the petitioners that it was in- 
tended to construct such permanent fixtures in the river he« 
tween these piers, for the lifiing of vessels out of the water, 
by screws or hydraulic pumps, as would most effectually and 
absolutely secure it for such purposes, and for such alone, and 
in point of fact, no such application has ever been made to the 
Common Council. 

On the 2d of June, 1828, the Committee to whom this pe- 
tition was referred, made a report thereon as follows : 

•The Committee on Wharves, Piers and Slips, respectfully 
report on the annexed petition of the Screw Dock Company, 
for permission to build and extend a pier or wharf into the 
East River in front of their premises, lying between the Mar« 
ket and Pike slips, and thai the same may be used exclusively 
for the accommodation of steamboats. In the opinion of your 
Committee, the request of the ]X)titioners for building sudi 
pier is reasonable and ought to be granted, on the uisual terms 

S73 [Doc. No. KT. 

t'tbr' the conrinon purposes for which wharves are used« 
and not escliiaively for the purpose of accommodaiing steam- 
boats, and liiiit it do not extend into the river more than two 
hundred and fifty feet beyond the soniiierly line of Soulit 
street ; accordingly, the following resolution is offered : 

Reiohed, That ihe Screw Dock Connpany be permitted to 
build a wharf or pier, to be composed of blocks and bridges in 
ftxint of iheir water lots and premises, lying between Market 
and Pike shps, to extend into the river from the southerly Una 
of South street, a distance not exceeding two hundred and fifty 





Which report was adopted by the Corporation, and under it 
the Screw Dock Company have extended one of their piert 
about one hundred and ten feet. 

It will be seen from the above report, that one part of the 
application was granted, viz. permission lo build the pier, and 
the other part of it in refcrenco to the exclusive use of it for 
alcacnboats was denied ; but it will also be very fully seen, that 
neither in the petition of the Screw Dock Company, nor from 
any other source, does ii appear any application has ever beeo 
made, to set ii apart for the purposes to which, for several 
years, it has been exclusively used by them. Is it not a little 
extraordinary that this company with a full knowledge of its 
situation, and of the improvements contemplated by it, should 
not have apprised the Board in their petition of their full ob- 
ject ; for, from ought tliat has appeared before Ihe Committee, 
not a steamboat has used the pier since it was built, for the 
purpose of receiving or landing passengers, but it has been 
used and applied by the Screw Dock Company, for the pur- 
poses of their works alone ; again, this company was fully ip- 


Doe. Ho. ao.] 5U 

pria ed of the application, to continue South nre«t tbfotgli 
the dock, before it wont to Ihc cxpcose uf creeling hydnobi 
works, snd your Committee have been informed, ihtt I 
waa given by the AldermaD of ilic Ward to lhcCQcnpaiiy,not 
to erect these expeaaive works, as in all probabitily. Si 
street would be carried Uirough ; so that wbate%-er this oon- 
paay has done, was with a full knowIedgH of the fact, thai loeb 
proceedings were pending. 

In examining the petitions of those who are in favor of bod- 
ttauing South slraet. your Commitlce discover Ihe aancs of 
persons in the aggregate, who are owners of real eslate in tbe 
7th Ward, aniounling to upwards of three and a half million* 
of dollars, and of lessees to at least one hundred and Gliy 
thousand dollars, and in cxaniinitig the remonstrances aj^inst 
the improvement, it appears that owners and lessees of real 
estate in the asgregau^, amounting to about four hundred 
thousand dollars, are oppiucd to the measure. 

In the investigations which have been made during the pro- 
gress of this matter before the Committee, (he Counsel for the 
Screw Duck Company has submitted a written argumeoi,Ga- 
deavoring to contest, on legal grounds, the right of tlio Coninoa 
Council to direct these water lots to be filled up, and deajiag 
thar authority to order the carrying through c^ Sooth Mrsel, 
according to the plan proposed j ibis written argument has been 
laid before the Counsel for ihc Corporation for his exwnioatioii, 
and lie has reported to this Commillee, that in his opinioo, ifae 
grounds of objection assumed by the Screw Dock Cotnpanf 
ftre not tenable, and that the City authorities have good and 
•ufltcicnt legal rights to direct ihe carrying into efiect tbe im- 
provement in the manner proposed. 

The Committee, to obtain the best lights on this sabjocl, 
have given to it a very full, and they believe, impartial exani* 
natioii ; and from all the facts and circumstances i 
therewith, they have come to the conclusion, thai the c 
pitted measures have a very decided expression of public opin- 
ton in their favor, will he mainly beneficial lo the beat inlMWt 
of the e&Btem section of tbe City, and will be ll 


575 [Doc. No. SO. 

tion of the work already commenced, by the buDding of the 
Bulkhead on the line of South Btreel, between Pike and Rut- 
gers shp, and the construction of the two piers within that dis- 
tance, which have already been voted by the Common Coun- 
cil, and their opinion zs to the order in which this work shall 
progress, is expressed in the following resolutions, which they 
submit for the consideration of the Board : 

1st. Resolved, That a pier be constructed in the East 
River, at such place, at or near the easterly side of Market 
slip, as the Common Council shall direct, to extend not more 
than two hundred and fifty feet from the southerly side of 
South street ; the building of the said pier, to commence oa the 
Ist day of August of the present year, 1835. . 

2d. That a Bulkhead be built across Market slip, on tho ; 
southerly side of South street ; the building of the said Bulk- 
bead'to commence on the 1st day of October, in the present 
year, 1835, and that the vacant space behind the said bulkhead 
when built, be filled in with coal ashes during the winter of 
1835 and 1S36. 

3d . That an addition to the present pier on the westerly ade 
of Market slip, (so as to make the whole length of the said 
pier not to exceed two hundred and fifty feet,) be made thereto, 
the building of the said addition to commence on the 1st day 
of September of the present year, 1935. 

4th. That a pier be built on the westerly side of Pike slip, 
to extend not more than two hundred and fifty feet from the 
southerly line of South street into the East River ; the building 
of the said pier to commence on the first day of June, 1836. 

5th. That a Bulkhead be built across Pike slip on the south- 
erly line of South street ; the said bulkhead to be commenced 
on the 1st day of October, 1836, and the vacant space behind 
the same to be filled in with coal ashes, during tlie winter of 
1836 and 1837. 

6th. That South street between Pike slip and Marketslip, be 
made and completed, by building a Bulkhead on the southerly 
line of the said street, the whole distance from Pike slip to MaT- 




imenee on tM^| 

Doc. No. 50.] 576 

ket slip ; the building of the said Bulkhead, to cotnmenee 
1st day of May, 1837, and to be completed on or before the 
1st day of September next following, and that the filling up of 
the vacant space behind the said Bulkhead, bo commenced on 
or before the said 1st day of September, and finished by the 
1st day of May, 1838. 

7lh. That the pier on the easterly side of Rutgers street, be 
extended into the East River such distance as not to exceed 
two hundred and fifty feet from the southerly side of South: 
street!' the building of the said extension, to commence on the 
1st day of June. 1837. ■ , « 

8tb. That a Bulkhead be built across Rutgers slip, on the 
southerly side of South street, to be commenced on the Isl 
day of October, 1837, and the vacant space behind the same 
to be filled in with coal ashes during tlie winter of 1837 and 

&Ui. Reiolved, That the Street Commissioner be aod 
hereby directed to prepare and present to the Common C( 
oil for their requisite action thereon, all such ordinances 
legal notices as tlie existing laws require, in order tliat suet 
proper services may be made of the same on all parties and 
perstHis concerned, as will ensure the due fulfilment of the 
directions of the Common Council, of all matters contained in 
the preceding report. 









'DOCUVfiiatT NO. 51. 


FEBRUARY 16 1835. 

The Committee on Roads and Canals and Street Committee, 
on the petition requiring the Rail Road Company to take 
up the Rails between \4lh and 23d street, presented the fol- 
lowing report against the same, which was adopted. 

J. MORTON, Clerk. 

The Committee on Roads and Canals and the Street Com- 
tniltee of the Board of Aldermen, to whom was referred the 
petition of James Palmer, John M. Bloodgood, Noah Jarvis 
and others, to compel Harlaem Kail Road Company to take 
Up their rails from Prince to Twenty-third streets, respectfully 


That your Committee have carefully examined into the 
mbject of the petitioners, and ihat ihey represent in their peti- 
lion, that our predecessors authorized the Company to lay their 
rails as low down as Piince street, under an express or im- 
ptied understanding, that the same should be taken up at any 

Dec. No. 51.] 578 

time when the Common Council should signify their wub 

tlun \\u' SI!: V s! . ..; 1 1' »' 1.! ; :mi i Jilsii il»ai ihc original act in- 
c<-;;>or;»:i.. •• s i ^1 ' " ;i'» j\, ;:avf iv rniission t(» construct the 
Hail ll.»aii f. •»:!» ;i :/ |' 'iiH o.i ih*- n »nh bsMiiids of 23d streetv 
lo iiny p»Mnt <»ii lii • IIiiIumh luvcr: and by the said act, 
it was pniviiloil, tlwt ih : c. > n;>.iiiy slij;ilJ, in case of their 
locating ihr rait of 8:iid llaii Uoad, in or niong any public 
street or avcnae, now laiti «mt on a map or plan of the City of 
New-York, Icavr sullr^iiMii s|):u:»; in ilie said street or aveniie» 
on each side of s.\id Hail lload, for a public highway forcar- 
ria^gia, and for sidewalks Tor foot passengers *, and also by an. 
amendment to said act of incorporation, the said company were 
allowed, with the permission ot' the Mayor, Aldermen and 
Commonahv of the Ciiv of New- York, to extend their Rail 
Road along the 4th avenue to 14th street, and through such 
otiier streets, in said Citv, as ihe Mavor, Aldermen and Com- 
mpnalty of said City, from time to time permit ; and your 
petitioners further show, that the Rail Road is a very great 
inconvenience, and by many it, is considered a very great 
nuisance. It entirely excludes any travel on the 4lh avenue, 
except in the cars of the company, to the total exclusion of 
private carriages, and destroys the value of property situated 
on the avenue for private dwellings; your Committee is aware 
that by the original act, incorporating the said Company, that 
they were confined to the two points mentioned in the petition, 
that is to say, between 23d street and Harlaem River ; and 
your Committee are of the opinion, that the Company so confin- 
ed themselves, until an amendment to their charter was obtained; 
and the third section of the amended act, passed 6lh of April, 
1832, is as follows : 

"After obtaining the consent of the said Mayor, Aldermen 
and Commonalty, the said Company shall not construct any 
Rail-way in any street of the City of New-York below Prince 
street, until they shall h.ive compLncid four miles of their road 
above said street." Your Committee are fullv convinced that 
the Compaiiy had the authority under the amended act, to 

579 Doc, No. 51.1 

extend their rails as far down as Prince street, subject to sUch 
prudenliat rules as are prescribed by the amended act. 

Your Committee ore informed, that property lying on the 
■4th avenue is much increased in value, instead of damaged 
and injured, as is represented in llie petition. Your Committee 
further showclh that the prope:ly at the time the Company 
commenced to cAnsiruct their works north of i4th street, was 
the projjeriy of individuala, unlit the public good required the 
avenue to bo opened according to Statute; and the Corporation 
gave permission to said Company, on condition that the Com- 
pany treated with the owners of property, and that the Com- 
pany so did make arrangements with owners of property, 
north of 14th street, to Harlaem ; and your Committee was 
informed by the directors, who appeared and represented 
tb&t the right of way from 14tli to 23d streets, cost them by 
purchasing from lease holders, and for digging and filling, 
lising of thirty thousand dollars, to the width required to con- 
struct their ways ; and when the avenue is regulated to the 
width of 100 feet, that it will admit of passing on each side of 
the Rail Road, with as much convenience as the Bowery, if 
not more ; and in relation to the Rails southeriy of 14th street, 
your Committee represent to the Board, that not an individual 
of the petitioners appeared before the Committee in support of 
the petition, which requires of the Common Council to cause 
the Company to lake up the Rails as above mentioned; but 
was informed that one of tlie petitioners was under the im- 
pression ihat it was for extending instead of requiring the same 
to be taken up. 

Your Committee are constrained to express their doubts 
whether many of those who signed the petition, have not been 
induced to do so, by llie earnest inlreaties of others, whose 
names do not appear upon the petition ; and also deem it 
worthy of remark, that in an application so deeply affecting 
the properly of an enterprising Company, only eighty-five 
signatures are affixed to the petition, and of this number yotir 
Committee recognize but a few who are immediately inter- 
eslfid in the same ; your Committee deem it utmecenary to 


Doc. No. 51.] 580 

compel the Company to cause the Rails to be taken up, and 
<^r the followiogresolutionfor consideratiQnof dieBoatd: 

Retolved, That the Committee be dischaiged from tha fat' 
ther consideration of the same. 

ISAAC L. VARIAN, ) CommiUee m 
JAMES FERRIS, [ Boads and C^ 

EDWARD TAYLOR, ) mittee. 

•- t 



APRIL 13. 1835. 

JHe Joint Commiltee on Wharves, Laiids and Placet, to 
vAom was referred the subject of taking ground/or a pub- 
lic promenade on the East River, between 1 3tk street, Avenvt 
C, and the exterior line on the East River, presented the 
following report in favor of the same, which was read, laid 
on the table, and directed to be printed for the use of the 
Members, and made the order of the day for the next meet} 

J. MORTON, Clark. 

Tba Committee on Wharves and Public Lands and Plaee^ 
to whom was referred the accompanying papers, in relation 
to setting apart a space of ground on tlie East River, adjacent 
to 13th street, for a public promenade, respectfully beg leave to 


That it appears from the papers beforementioned, this sub* 
jecl has been considered by, and acted upon by the Board 
of Assistant Aldermen,^ who have adopted a plan for a pub- 



promenade, utd the Couiuet ft 
Fwifn |]>A Sireel CommiBsioncr, lake tlie oecesmy kgll 
o c rry thia resolution into effect" 

And which resolution, as amended, ihey pt»pose to the Boui 



ifffj erected in the City 

One a rear building. 
Two in the rear. 

Two rear buildings. 
One rear building. 

One rear building. 
Two rear buildings. 
One rear building. 

Episcopal Church. 
Episcopal Churcli. 







Brick Fl»ble«. 


























WMtiifME'''"'^' ^fti^df^.^ bnti/tttrtB 







f t ' 
I i 1 



*7«&a8oraffiiLirSjsBrf:-~ — 


DOODnmsrT no. m. 


APRIL 20, 1835. 

The Joint Committee on Blackweirs Island and Long Island 
Farms, presented the following Report of the details of the 
LutuUic Asylum, and appropriations for the same, lohitA 
toere Imd on the table and directed to be printed for the tue 
of&e Members. 

i. MORTON, Clerk. 


The Joint Special Committee on Blackwell's Island and tlis 
Loag Island Farms, most respectfully 


That in pursaance of the reeolutiona of January last, relating 
to the Lunatic Asylum, (see Document 38, of the Board a[ 
Anistaat Aldermen,) and the other resolutions referred to in 
their report of the 5th of January last, (same Document.) they 
proceeded to settle the details of the edifice. The Committee 
have the honor of submilting to the Common Council herewith, 
certain drawings, showing these details for the most part, and 
the result of Ihe labors of the Committee. There are other de- 
tails whid) are settled, but do not appear in the drawings, and 
OT,"tbewfere, noticed in this report 



Doc. No. 54.] 590 

The water table of the centre building is fixed at the eleva- 
tion of twenty-three feet above high tide water line, and five 
feet above the earth. The building has been placed as high as 
llic Burface and circumslancea of the island will admit, in order 
lo preserve the greatest possible declination of the patients' 
airing yards towards the water; a great declivity of the ground 
is desired, so tint whcri In the yards, the patients may over- 
look the walls which confine Uiein, and enjoy, not only the air 
but the scenery which surrounds the island, and not feel 
their _imprisoQiiieut. The quantity of earth which will be re- 
quired to fill up die excavation made by quarrying, hurtduted 
the elevation of the site below what was first designed ; still, 
the descent of eighteen feel, which is now left, in about two 
hundred, gives lo this locality aii advantage which no other 
similar institution is Itnown to possess, and ia looked to as likely 
to become a very efficient mean in restoring deranged minds 
to regular action. 

Tlie Vetruvian Tuscan style has been selected for the ele- 
vation of the edifice. This is the style proposed in- the "Ar- 
chitect's Study," heretofore submitted lo the Common Council 
by the Committee, witli their prior report; and, further reflec- 
tion has confirmed them in the choice of it. It requires less 
expenditure in archilectural ornaments than in our usual styles; 
it admits of great variety of proportions in the building, with* 
out its becoming defective ; its general style and appearance 
is humble, and thus well suited to an establishment designed 
fur the poor, and such as have never lived in palaces, or moii^t 
of so living, eseept under the hallucinations this estabUalunvut 
is designed to remove; and, though humble, so far from aQbvd- 
ing any appearance of meanness, possesses a dignity becoming 
the City which is to build it. The expensive part of this style, 
inrospect to its ornaments, is tlie roof, if wnament it may be 
called. Great projection is given to tlie eaves, and this projectioa 
forms the principal characteristic of the style, and supercedes 
the necessity of archiu-aves and friezes. There is no speci- 
men of it executed in tliia country, except on a very small 
scale : and the present form;, in lite opiniou of tiie CommitteVi 

691 [ Doc. No. 54, 

a good opportunity to add a variety to the archileclurc of the 
country, wiih a due regard to fitness and economy. The few 
apecimens of tliis style of architecture which have been executed 
in England are very much admired, and the style is confes- 
sedly amongst tliose of classic character. It would seem to 
those uninitiated in ihc mysteries of archileclural Ecicnce, 
that a building of such great length as this Asylum will be ex- 
Aended to, should have some one striking feature in keeping 
with its length ; and the broad spreading caves of the Tuscaa 
«tyle affords such a characteristic. 

The subdivision of the building into wards and rooms are 
«howR in the drawings, as they are designed to be when the 
whole plan shall be finished ; but as it is now proposed to eroct 
«ii!y one half of it and the centre building, some of the larger 
wards must be divided by temporary partitions of plank inetoad 
of brick, so that they may be removed with ease when the 
Isrger rooms shall be needed. For three out of the four classci?, 
the medical gentlemen advise that several of the rooms be cal- 
culated for three or more beds, and the others for only one bed 
each ; for the reason ihat society, even for the sleeping hours, 
Ii often useful to maniacs, and that there are many who may 
be trusted three or more in a room, though it would never be 
prudent to put two only into a room togcifier. 

When the whole edifice shall be completed, a floor of a wing 
will be devoted to each of the four classes, into which it is de- 
sirable each sex should be divided ; and then it is, at present, 
denned to give to the worst classes the lower floor of the 
wings running east aiid west, and also the terminal square 
buildings on the west ends of those Iwings, conlaining strong 
cells for the tilihy and those requiring close confinement. 
These classes to have for thcii* day rooms the rooms in the 
octagon nearest their ceils, and to pass from thenco into the 
yards devoted to liiem respectively, by the north and south 
xloors of the octagons. 

The second class to occupy the second storlea of the same 
wings, and day rooms in the octagons corresponding witli tliose 
of the first class, and to approach tliese yards down the stairs 
opening on the porticos at the centre of the wings. 


J>cc No. M] M2 

The third and fourth clagaes will occupy ihc wtnga ott i 
front running north and soulti, and luder the like arrangsmtoti 
as the foregoing. 

While only mie half uf the edifice is erected and occufRodL 
the arrangements and Rupervision of the classes will be some- 
what less jierfecl than when the whole Is doae. Until iheo, 
and wliilslonly two wings are lini^ed,a wing must be devoted 
to each sex, and two classes must be accommodated on each 
floor. In such caug, the worst clnsses of one sex must occupy 
inferior day roams adjoining the terminal building on ibe 
weat, made by almtliag otl' ihe western saloons and a part of 
the corridors. The other sex will have the wanting day roooii 
and of the best description, in the centre building. Whether 
the whole or only the one half of the edifice be built, the srpa* 
ration ofthe classes will be complete, and their passages to their 
respective yards entirely distinct ; for this purpose' two flights 
of stairs are designed from the second stories to each portico in 
the wings. 

Annexed to this report are specifications of the carpenters' 
and masons' work of the Asylum, which have been furnished 
to the Committee on their request, by Mr. Andrew Woodnifi^ 
the master carpenter, and Mr. Benjamin Harker, the master 
mason, engaged by the Commissioners of the Alms House, and 
now employed on the buildings. Estimates of the amount of 
cash expenditure the building will cost, lor purchase ofmaterials, 
and wages of mechanics, not furnished by the island or the 
prison, have also been made by the builders. The two amount 
together to the sum ofabout *45,000. If to ihis sum be added 
Ihe value of the stone which will be quarried from the isbml 
by the prisoners, and the value of the prison labor which wiH 
be used, it will raise the cost of so much of the edi5ce as the 
Common Count;il, by their late resolutiim, ordered to be built, 
to somewhat less than tliesum of 470,000. 

It is understood that our predecessors contemplated the build- 
ing ofthe Lunalie Asylum, almost exclusively by prison labor; 
but this Committee, after a careful axamination of the subject> 
have advised the Commissioners of the Ahns House to pro- 
ceed with hJmd meobanicft. The Committee have given saek 

[Ooc. No. 

■dviee, l)ecause the number of pauper lunatics who ere throWB 
Upon the City charily, has rapidly increaaed since the bcUob 
<rfour predecessors upon the subject; aud there are now so 
many uf them — not less than J 50 upon an average, — that the 
^sent establishment of the Bellevue Hospital, is unable to 
contain tliem, and Irom twenty to twenty-five are usually 
iwarded at Bloominfrdaie at the City expense : the residue 
which are kepi at Bellevue, still siifler from the want of the 
•neans of accommoclalion, and against tlie best exertions of the 
iughly valuable head of that Hospital, (Dr Ogdcn,} and his 
Jledical Staff. Every principle of humanity calls for the com- 
plelion of Uie new edifice for the maniacs, at as early a day at 

The Penitentiary la seldom able to furnish more than 12 or 
14 MaaoDB, and from 5 to 6 Carpenters, all told ; and but a few 
of them, are competent for the work of all parts of a building, 
if dependance therefore should be placed on them only, many 
years would pass away before the house could be finished 
. for the reception of PatienU. Thus far, all the masons, stone 
cutteu, and carpenters, and other building mechanics, have 
been employed upon the Penitentiary, and they will be there 
needed for about a moolh yet to come ; dependance on them 
wouid iherefore have yet delayed the building, which is now 
begun and rapidly advancing. Again, all ihc building me> 
chanics »f the Prison, may be employed on work for the 
Lunatic Asylum, as soon as the work is done on which they 
ere now engaged, and without bringing the honest joumey- 
inan into aay contact or association with the prisoners ; and 
thus, all the prison labor may be emplo^'ed to its full advao- 
4age. All the healihy prisoners are now working at a profit 
lo the City, and will bo continue for years to come. Their 
labor will therefore not be lost by employing journeymen on 
the Asylum. The proposed Asylum will not be a building 
■of great weight, and it may so far as regards its strength and 
durability, be built na well in one season, as in two or more. 
Aod the leogtii of the building is so great, that a great maoy 



Doc. No. 54.] 594 

awn may bo employed at a time on tho walls. This Coiir. 
nittee ihereforo rccommen*! tlic appropriation of such suma «' 
money for the erection ol the Buililliig as will enable tho Com- 
nistioDers to erect llio walls and close in the edifice during 
4be piresent building season. 

With a knowledge of iliese views of this Committee, lf«e 
CommissIonerB of Uie Alms House tmve estimated the amouat 
ot money that will bo required, under such aHcws, for the 
^yinent of such contracts, as tl is expedient for them first lo 
make, and by their note annexed, ask for an appropriation ot' 
the lunt of 630,000, and this Committee ore of an opinion that 
tuch sum ougiit to be appropriated for the purposes. 

The Lunatic Asylum which is tlie eubjccl of this report 
«ad of which the City of New ^'ork has now commenced th^ 
•buildiofi, is thcfirstintlieUnitedStiitoSiin wbichanatlempthat 
been made to construct the same in reference to the EcienliGe 
principles adopted for irealnieiitof the insane. Tlie branch uf 
itnedicaJ science to which iho building belongs, is of cotiiparalive- 
Jy modefD date. The first successful aileinpt lo construct a 
Lunatic Asylum, in which the principles of thorough classifi- 
cation, ventilation and sujiervision, should bo carried out iiM 
f raotical operation, was at Wakefield, in Englaud, in the year 
J817. Since then, various budding's have been erected, with 
a view to the same principles, and with more or less succen 
on Eoglaad, Scotland and Ireland. From pubtioutions mwb 
by the societies and governments which have built ,thtt e& 
toblishments, this Conmiittee, with llie advice and aidofDr- 
filacdonald and Dr. Ogden, have lic-cii enabled to settle ihs 
amogemenls of the one under consi deration ; and the Conunik 
tee liumbly hope, have, in some reiipects, improved on lA 
others. The publications atiuded to, seem lo have been ttttit 
with the charitable view of aiding the cause of humanily,<t 
connected with tlie insane; tlian wUom, no otass oftlio famtlj 
of man stand more in nccil of the hand of charity, or mots 
deeply inlercst the kind feelings of tlic hujiiau heart. As iHi 
City, through their Comniiitce> have thus derived a benefit livat 



R|Q .aVT .-joftT 595 [Doc. No, 50. 

die labors and expeaditures of othera, tliey seem to •we a debt 
to the cause of humanity. With a view to the discharge of it, 
as far as is in their power, the Committee suggest to the Com- 
mon Council, the propriety of publishing drawings of the pro- 
posed building, in number sufficient to shew all the different 
parts of it, and to illustrate its governing principles, together 
with a descrjplion of the drawings, and such parts of the pro- 
ceedings of the Common Council on Uic subject, as may tend 
to ctfect ihc object of the publication. The Committee have 
ascertained that 300 copies of the required plans, sections and 
elevations, from engravings on stone, and of a size to bind into 
a handsome octavo form, can be published for 9150. The 
coat of the necessary printing, &c. will amount to but a smalt 
sum in addition : and that number of copies, after supplying 
the members of the Common Council and Officers of Ihe City, 
will leave a sufficient number to be placed at the command of 
the Mayor, as presents to other cities, and for general dirtri- 

With these views on the part of this Committee, they most 
respectfully submit the following resolutions for the consideni' 
tion of the Common Council : 

Retolved, That the sum of Twenty Thousand Dollars be, 
and the same hereby is appropriated for building the Lunatic 
Asylum, and that the Comptroller pay the same on the requi- 
sition of the Commissioners of the Alms House. 

Resolved, That the details of the edifice for the propowd 
Lnnatic Asylum, as in the foregoing report and accompaaying 
drawing described, be, and the same hereby are approved aod 

Rttolved, That 300 copies of drawings of the Lunatic Asy- 
lum, with a description thereof, and such of the proceedings 
of the Common Council, as may tend to illustrate its governing 
principles, be published ; and that the Clerk of the Common 
Council, under the direction of the Joint CoinmUtee ob BW^ 


weA'c IflTOd ond the Long Idwitl Punu, carry ihU 
inio dSccL 

Mo«t raipedfuUy submitted, Aprjl SOtb. 

18*1. M 

fc"*' J. I. LABAGH, 



S^cificaliim of the Carpenter's work and ntater'taU for 
Pauper Lunatic Asylum, to be built on lilnckwell 'a Island^ 
of the form and dimeTtsions ikewn on tlte drawings, as op- 
proved by the Curparalxon. 

TiMBBR. — The beama for all the floora in llie wings (except 
the basement which is to be flagged,) to be 3 by 12 inches, 
placed 16 inches from centres; all the trimmers and trimnior 
beams to be 44 by 12 inches. Timber lintels of 4 inches thick 
to be placed over all the doors and windows j 2 by 4 inch 
bond timber to be placed in all the outside walls where furring 
is necessary, at two feet apart. Trimmers to be framed over 
«J1 doors and windows where required. Wail plates to be 4 
by 10 inches — purUne plates, 4j by 12 ; gallows posts, 7 by 7; 
gallows beams, 3 by ; braces, 3 by G ; raftei-:! 3 by 6, and 7 
placed 2 feet apart. 

Ogtaook. — First, second and tliird tiers of beams 3 by 13 
inches; trimmers and trimmer beams 5 by 13 inches; fourth 
tier of beams 3 by 12 inches: trimmers and trimmer to be 4\ 
by 12 inches ; hip rafters 4 by 9 and 12 inches : jack rafters 3 
by 8, all other rafters 3 by 8, and 10 ; wall plates 4 by 10. 
All the beams placed 16 inches lirom centres. 

Centrb Boildino. — Beama, trimmers, and trimmer beams 
same as the octagons for size and space. Purline plates 5 
by 12 inches — gallows posts 7 by 7 — braces 3 by 6 — hip raft- 
ers 4 by 9 and 1 2 — ^jack ditto 3 by 7 — other rafters 3 by 8 
and 10' 

Roof. — The roof to be covered with good merchantable 
white piae plank, tongued and grooved and laid in courses ; 
the roof to bo covered with zinc. A blocking course to be 
raised, of suitable height, around the whole building,, and a 
gutter to be formed on the inside of it, covered with copper, 
four-inch ore, and tin leaders to be placed, four in every 200 
feet, or about 66 feet apart, and to be well painted before they 
ar« put up i three scuttles to be made in easli >Nta%c&'U^'^^sK>» 


Doc. No. 54.] 


WoiDows. — All the windowB in the wings to hare csft iron 

sasheB for 6 by 6 glass ; ODe iron sash to be glazed, and one 

lo be without, in each window, which contains four divoioDS t 

I koth saafaos in each division to be stalionaiy, and one wood 

I Muh of the same pattern, glazed and hung with weights and 

»r(t Windows in the centra building to have wooden nahea ; 

Mchof the four large wiadowa will contain 334 lights of 9^ 

T 13^ glass ; the windows trimmed with inside shutten. 

— Tlie basement to bo flagged throughont; M the 
I to be laid with good mercitantable white pine 
pieti and grooved and luid in courses. All other floore 
Pow Georgia pine, free from sap, tongued and grooved 
llid laid in coiimes, blind nailed ; all the fluors to be deatenedt 
%pt the garret; all the floors of the large rooms to be bridged^ 
■"he basement to lie wainsoolcd in alt Uie rooms where it is 

DooKs. — AK (he doors in the wings to be six panels each, 
Iringle faced Ig thick. Room doors in the octagons and centra 
I Itoildlng to be 1} thick, double laced, 8 panels twch; all (he 
I Hoset doors 1| thick, single faced ; doors and windows in tbe 
lirings trimmed with single architraves ; the octagons and centre 
Pkiilding finished with plain anlo. 

' SrAias. — All the stairs in the wings to be built with encfoseif 
newels ; stairs in the octagons and centre building to be cirea- 
lar, as is eliewu on the plans, and the welt holes supported in 
each story by 9 Georgia pine columns. The steps of all 1 
atairs to be (Jeorgia pine. Ait the locks to be City t 
flws wcwk 10 be painlod with two good coats. 


Specifo:ation of BuHdings to be erected on BlachweU't hlajtd, j 
for a Lunatic A»fjlum, according to Uie foUomng (Jimeiit 'j 

1st. — A centre buil<fing 90 feet square and fliree story b 
Basement story to be 10 feet, first story to be 13 (bet, second^ 
12 feet, and third, 11 feet, all in tlie clear. Walls to be built 
of stone ; that is, aJl the outside waHs. Basement walls to be 
S^ feet thick ; first story, 2 feet two inchee thick ; second atory, 
2 feet, and third story, 1 foot 10 inches thick. All the partitioa 
walls to be of brick, 1 foot tliick. The stone for the two fronts 
to be hammered, dressed and laid in courses, same as the 
centre buildiag of tlie Prison on the lower part of the island. 
The building to have bat stone sills and lintels, and cut stone 

Sd, — A buitdmg called a wing, running north from centre 
building, 200 feet by 36 feet, and two stories high, above base- 
ment, likewise built of stone ; that is to say, all outside walls. 
Inside partitions to be of brick, 8 inches in thickness ; base- 
ment to be 9 feet ; first story 1 1 feet ; second story 1 1 feet, 
with cut stone basement ; water table, sills and lintels all the 
same. Walls to be laid up like common stone work. All 
the partition walls to be laid out according to plan. 

3d. — One octagon building, 80 feet diameter, three story 
high above basement, and all outside walls to be built of stone, 
and all partition walls to be of brick one foot thick. The 
height of stories — basement, 9 feet; first story, 11 feet; second 
story, 11 feet; 3d story, feet high. Stone walls of the base- 
ment to be 21 feet thick; first story, 2 feet 2 inches; second 
story, 2 feet; and third story, 1 foot 10 inches thick ; all the 
partitions to be divided according to plan. The basement, 
water table and sdls and lintels to be oP cut stone ; and five 
flanks of the octagon to be hammered stone, same as front or 
centre building, and laid in courses. 

Doe. 64.] eOO 

4th.— A wing buHdisg, of die nme dimenmiif, and boQt in 
the nme nuuiner as die one befixre ftaied, and ranning weit 
from the octagon 200 fi^et 

6th. — A buflding on die end of the last wii^ 45 by 46 
ftet; three stories high above basement All outsi<fe waDs to 
be of stone ; north, south and west fronts to be hammered stooe^ 
laid in courses ; basement, water table, sills and linteb to be 
of cut stone ; inside wall to be of brick, 8 inches thick ; height 
tyfstorj's basement, 9 feet; first story, 1 1 feet ; seoood story, 1# 
feet, and third story, 9 feet, all in the clear. 

B. H ARKER, Agiermfmibtf of Muan^work. 
New-TMk^ JpH 18, 1835. 

DOCUZVUilffT NO. 55. 


APRIL 20, 1835. 

TTie Cammiltee on Lamps and Gas, to whom was referred sev- 
eral petitions and resolutions, requesting certain streets to 
be lighted with Gas,presented the following report, which was 
read,laidon the table, and directed to be pri}iUd for thaiue 
of the Membert. 

J. MORION, Clerk, 

The Committee on Lamps and Gas, to whom was referred 
the several petUlons atid rcsolulions hereunto annexed, request- 

g certain sireets and places therein mentioned to be lighted 
with Gas, and also the remonstrance of the New-Voric Gei 
Company, against granting some of said applications, respect- 
fully stale i that they have had the matter referred Lo theoa under 
consideration and beg leave to 


That, by a reference to the contract, made between the 
Mayor. Aldermen and Commonaily oflheCily of New-York, 
and the New-York Gaa Light Company, bearing dale on tho 
ISlh day of May, 1623, it sppeun^ tbtt &x tits oouidKnJvn 



on I 

Doc. No. 35.] 603 

therein mentioned, tho Btid Company did covenant and 
that they would, nficr ilie I2ih dny a( May, 1828, Iny down 
pipes of suitable capaciiy for condiwting Gns, nnd cause them 
to be supplied nilh a suitable quantity of Gas, in such of the 
streets and public places mentioned in said conlraci, and at 
such prices as tiie said Mayor, Aldermen and CoiiimonBlij' 
shall from time to timo. by resolution or by law, reasonable re- 

That the said Company have from time to time, in cotnpli- 
ancs wiih their contm^-t, caused the public lamps to ba ligbed 
in the places and streets designated ; and the said Company 
allege thai tlie number of lamps so lighled by ihcm, amount 
to about four hundred, for which they have received dunng 
the last seven years, five dollars and ihiriy-four conta for each 
lamp; which they slate in their memorial to be about one 
fourth of the cost of the Gas so supplied. 

Your Committee without expressing ad opinioa «s to tfae 
extent of loss sustained by the company in lig^hting public 
lamps, at tiic above montioucd price, in eonformtiy with ibor 
conlract, have no hesitation in believing that tllfi saUl Compaoy 
do suffiir B loss on lb« public lamps so lighted by them ; and it 
■would be a fair answer to said Company, to say that they re- 
ceived an equivalent for this loss, in the benetiia conferred oo 
them by the contract ; and if this loss did not reach beyond 
the Corapani , your Committee would have given it no furlfaa 
consideralton. But it must be evident lo at!, thai ibis loata 
made up to the Company by the enhanced price which they 
charge Gas to the private consumers. It therefore becomes* 
pArtial lax on this ofass of our citizens, and they may reasona- 
bly comphim that they pay more for lighting the public lamps 
than their fellow citizens who do not consume Gas, although 
the same benefit from therOj is derived io all. 

It would IhereTore seem reasonable both from this consideia. 
tion, and a liberal construction of the oovenant before meaii«^< 
thai the Common (Jouncil in directing public lamps to be lighud 
in streets, avenues and public places, sliosid be governed by i 
KUQd. lUscr^lldUi oa\:t^Qn6^Bdi9<Lte.nding to the citiflens tbt 

603 {Doo. ^o. a. 

benefit to be dflrived from tiiis mode of lighling the streets, u 
fsr as may be consistent with justice and sound policy ; and on 
the other hand, not oppressing the Company by unnecessary 

exactions of this kind, or in cases where they must sutler great 
ioss without a prospect of remuneration. Governed by these 
considerations, your Committee are of opinion, that a general 
rule for iheir govemmeut, admitting however of exceptions 
and qualifications, it would be reasonable to exact from said 
Company, at all times during said contract, that said Company 
should from time to time light the public lamps, in such streets 
and places as they may have a reasonable prospect of deriving 
private custom from, sufficient to compensate them for the loss 
sustained on the public lamps to be lighted ; which, in the 
opinion of your Committee, include all streets where main pipes 
are laid or may be laid, with the prospect of the advantages 
of private custom as before mentioned. 

Your Committee do accordingly recommend that the fol- 
lowing resolutions be adopted : 

Betolved, That the New- York Gas Light Company, be di- 
jected to light the following public lamps with Gap, as soon as 
the posts, fixtures and lamps are ready for the same, viz : 

All the public lamps in Division street, from the Bowery to 
Market street ; in Catharine street, from Division street to the 
Eist River ; in Cherry street, from Franklin square to Market 
street ; and in Whitehall street, from Broadway to WhitehaJl 
street slip. 

Resolved, That the Superintendent of Lamps and Gas, be 
requested lo provide the necessary lamp posts, lamps and fix- 
tures, for the purposes aforesaid, and that the said Superinten- 
dent notify the said Company by a notice in writing directed 
to the President thereof, that the said pots, fixtures and lamps, 
are ready to receive the Gas Lights as soon as they shall be 

Resolved, That the Clerk of the Common CauwalkVifc &.-WRX- 

Amiifa New-York Gu Light Company witli a copy 
M re« ma, by cauajn;; a copy of the sune, to be d»- 
id the K icndent of mid Company. 

Itch is respectfully subinitled by 


DOOVMENT no. 66. 


APRIL S7, 1835. 

The following Report and Law in relation to the loan to be 
made for procuring pure and wlioletome Water^in theCilt/ 
of New-York, adopted by the Board of Assistant Aldermen, 
were read, laid on the table, and directed to be prijtted for 
thetuei^tie Memberi. 

J. MORTON, Oerfc. 

The Committees of Finance of both Boards, to whom was 
nferred the resolution, " That the Commiltees on Finance of 
both Boards be, and they hereby are instructed to inquire into 
snd report a project for a loan of money, to be expended oa 
the work for supplying the City of New-York wiUi pure and 
wholesome water, recommended by the Water Commissioners! 
in their late report ; said loan lo form ' The Water Stock of 
the City of New- York,' " according to the statute in such case 
made and provided, respectfully 



I That the subject thus committed to them has been weighed ^^ 

I nilh the care and attention, that its magnitude and importance ^| 

I ia eveiy respect entiUes it to receive. ^H 


Doc. 56.] 606 

The facts and reasonings contained in the reports made bf 
the Waler Commissioners, and by the Commillee of the Com- 
mon Council, so fully demonstrate the practicability, utility, and 
indeed indispcnsableness of procuring an ample supply of pure 
and wholesome waler for the uses of our great and rapidly 
increasing population, that your Committee feel thcmsclTes re- 
lieved flora the necessity of enlarging on that branch of the 

The measures proposed for the accomplishment of the object- 
together with the amount of expenditure that will be HJtely to 
attend the procedure, have been so clearly and extensively 
spread before the people, and the question having been res- 
ponded to, by so decided an afTirmative vote, that it is not onljr 
made lawful, pursuant to the Legislative enactment reUtJve 
thereto, but, in the opinion of your Committee, it has thereby 
become also, a duly incumbent on the Common Council, to 
insruct the Commissioners to preceed in the work -, and tbey 
would fain hope, that such instructions might be accompanied 
with a recommendation, that the same may be commenced 
with all convenient speed, and prosecuted wiib such vigour and 
earnestness as will ensure its completion io the shortest period 
of lime possible. 

A very large majority of tlie electors being found to favor 
the measure, it is, by the terms of the Act of the Legislature, 
before referred to, now also, " lawful for llie Common Council 
to raise by loan, from time to time, and in such amounts as 
they may ihlnk (it, a sum not exceeding two million, 6v« hun- 
dred thousand dollars, by the creation of a public fund or stock, 
to be called, ' The Water Stock of the City of New York," 
which shall bear an inlcrostnot exceeding five per cent, per onn, 
and shall be redeemable at a period of time, not less tliat len, 
nor more than fifty years, from and after the passage of Ihe 
said Act." (May 2nd, 1834.) 

The present and prospectivcstato of the money market, both 
in this Country and in Europe, — the very ample security to 
lenders afforded by the large amount and constantly increas- 
ing value of the available real estate owtied by the Corpora^ 

[Doc. No. i6- 

Oonof ihe City of Now York,— tlie promptitude with wliich 
*he iDteroat on their previous loans has been paid, — tlio fact 
that for a very large portioa of the City stock, yet out, bearing 
an iaterest of five per cent, per annum, payable quarterly, and 
j-edcemable in the year 1850, tlic Cooiraissloners for its re- 
demption, made specific ofl'ers of ten per cent, premium, wliich 
were promptly declined, — and ihe faci, that sales of said stock, 
have recently been made at an advance of twelve per cent, 
on ils par vaJuc, — all seem to favor the opinion, that the loans 
now proposed, may be obtained at a lower riite of inleresi, 
than is contemplated as the maximum, by the law auihuming 
the same. Your Committee therefore recommend that the 
principal eum be redeemable on or after the first day of Jan- 
uary, I860, and that the rate of interest be fixed at four per 
cent, per annum, payable half-yearly, which they are of opinion 
will answer to a considerable extent, the two-fold purpose of 
lessening the amount of interest to be provided for, and o' 
keeping the stock more constantly in the market, and thereby 
prevent the fiinds that may be set apart for its redemption' 
from being so effectually unavailable for tlio purpose, as is the 
case with the present slock. 

After an interview with the Water Commissioners, and a 
deliberate consideration of the subject, with reference to the 
times and sums in which the proposed loans should be taken 
up, your Committee are of opinion, that to pay for the lands, 
waters, streams or property to be acquired by virtue of the 
" Act to provide for supplying the City of New York with 
pure and wholesome water," passed May 2nd 1834 : — and to 
supply the Commissioners with sufficient means for an early 
commencement, and etEcienI prosecution of the work ; a sum 1 
not much less than one million of dollars will be wanted by 
the first day of January next; they therefore recommend that, 
that amount be raised, and paid in by monthly installments of 
•200,000 each, commencing with the first day of September 
next ensuing, and that the balance authorised, viz. $1,500,000 
be taken up in semi-annual payments of #500,000 each, com. 
mencing with the first day of July, 1636 ; and with the view 

Doe* No. M.] 


Miownng yppwiUPiiy t0'awiHip6Mi cmnmiwi lof 
in tli& propoted ttocky fe It laooMi nq nded tliit tii» pw p o M Jl 
therafoTt shall be leeeived litita ^tfie fifteettth dflgr of Ai^aiil 
next The draft of a kw far caarrynig the reeomniiniiitifli* 
rf the fijwgoiig report into eflfect, ii heiewiA 
mittedyby ". ■ 


li- ' 


To instruct the Water Commissionen to proceed in the Kork 
of supplying the City of New-York with wOer, and to create 
a puHic fund or stock, to be called " The Water Stock of 
the City of New-York," for the expenses of the said work. 

The Mayor, Aldennen and Commonalty of the City of 
New- York) in Common Council convened, do ordain &■ fol- 
lows : 

§ 1. The Water Commissioners of the City of New- York 
•re hereby instructed to proceed in the work of supplying the 
City of New- York with a sufficient quantity of pure and 
wholesome water, for the use of its inhabitants, according to 
the plan adopted by them, in pursuance of the Act of the Le- 
gifltaturo, entitled " An Act to provide for supplying the City 
of New- York with pure and wholesome water," passed May 2, 

§ 2. A public stock or fund, to be called " The Water Stock 
of the City of New-York," shall be created, for a loan of two 
million five hundred thouiand dollars, which shall bear an in- 
terest of not exceeding four per cent, per annum, payable 
semi-annually, and shall be redeemable on or after the first day 
of January, whicli will be in the year one thousand eight hun- 
dred and sixty. 

i The nominal amount or value of each share of the said 
■lock shall be one hundred dollars, and the same shall consist 



■ of twenty-five thousand shares. ^| 

■ ^4. The said loan shall be receivable In As following pro* ^M 
I portion! and at the following periods, respectively, that is to ^M 

tie. No. 56.] 


cii up previi^^H 
10,000, payal^^^ 

say, — one million of dollars thereof shall be lakcii « 
to the first day of Januarj-, 1 836, in sums of «200,000, payaM 
on the lat days of September, Oclober, November, December 
and January next respectively; and the remaining one million 
five hundred thousand dollars tliorcof, in sums ol' 1 500,000, 
payable half yeorly after the said first day of January, 1 836. 

§ 5. The Comptroller is hereby authorized and direcled to 
advertise for proposals, to be received at any time previous to 
the 16th day of August next, and not to be opened until tbat 
day, for tlie loan of one niillioti of dollars, (as part of the said 
loan of two aiillions five hundred tliousand dollars,) payable in 
monthly instalments of twenty per cent, gn the first days of 
September, October, November, December and January iwst. 
respectively ; and such proposals may be miKlc for any portjon 
of tlie said one million of dollars, not leas than the par value of 
one share of said stock. 

§ 6. The said Comptroller shall determine on or after the 
aoid l&th day of August next, which and what proponious of 
the said proposals shall be accepted; and shall issue certificates 
for the number of shares necessary to make up the said sum 
of one million of dollars, to that or those person or persons or 
compaoiea whose proposals shall have been accepted j and 
such certificates shall be as nearly as may be, in llie same form 
as the certificates issued for " The New-York City Slock," 
by vh'tue of the Act entitled, " An Act to regulate ihefinODces 
of the City of New-Vork," passed June 8, 1H12. 

J 7. The said Comptroller shall receive, from time to lime, 
as tlic same becomes payable, as aforesaid, the sold inslalmeDls 
of the said loan of one million of dollars, and shall keep a sepa- 
rate and distinct account of Ilie same, and of all sums paid on 
account thereof. 

^ 8. The said monies so to be received, shall be paid by 
the said Comptroller, to or on tlie order of tlio said Water 
Commissioners, for the cx|>cnsos of the said Work, of supply- 
ing the Cily ol New- Vork wiih pure and wliolcsoine water, 
according to the plau adopted by lliom for that purpose i 

611 [Doc. No. 58. 

§ 9, The provisions of ihc Ordinance entitled, " A Law 
providing for llic redemption of tlic City Slock," so far as the 
same can be applied to ihe " Water Slock of the City of New- 
York," shali be applicable to Ihe same ; and all revenue to be 
received for water, to be procured by the said work, and fur- 
nished to the inhabitants of tlie Cily of New- York, shall be 
specially appropriated, as a sinking fund, towards the redemp- 
tion of the said Water Stock. 

5 10. There shall be three acting Commissioners to be 
chosen by tlie said Water Commissioners from among them- 
selves, who sliall have the immediate charge and superin- 
tendence of the said work, and be known as ■' the Acting 
Water Commissioners," and each of whom shall receive for 
his services an annual sabry of Jil^een hundred dollars, to be 
paid as part of the contingent expenses of the said work. 



APRIL 27, 1835. 

7%e follotoing RejMrt from the Committee on the House of 
Detention, in relation to the removal of the Public Yard 
and the Workshops altaclted to the same, adopted by the 
Board of Assistant Aldermen, was read, laid on the taMe, 
and directed to be printed for Uie use of the Members. 

i. MORTON Cierk. i 


The Commiltec uu tlic House of Dclenlion, &c. have 
honor of tnakiiig to the Common Council the following 


By reference to tiic Report on the House of Dcteatioa, Ac. 
(Document No. 29 of the Board of AsEiBlont Aldermen,) it ap- 
pears that by passing tiie resolution accompanying that Report, 
and recommended by the Committee, appropriating the ground 
now used as the Public Yard, as a site for the House of Deten- 
tion, &c. tlie Common Council contemplated transferring the 
Public Yard to the ground now used for the State Arsenal. U 

Hoc No. 57.] 6U 

is well known, that prior to ihc pawing of iJiai re»olulkm, a 
negotiation hiul been opcuetl, between the Goreroor and tin 
CommonCouBcil.ondatthe instance of the Lepslature, f or " an 
exchange of the present site and buildini^ occupied as a Stale 
Arsenal, fur a more cunvoniont and eligible location tbercKn't 
in the upper part of the Ciiy." The Common Council re- 
■ponded to ihc proposition of the State, by resolution of No- 
vember last, expressing their willingness to enter Into the pro 
posed negotiation, and also appointed a Special Comimlte^ on 
tlie object. (See Document No 23 of Board of Xldorlt^} 
This Corainiltee is informed by said Special Committfic. that 
on the 37tli of Xoveinber last, they had an interview on the stib- 
jcct with the Commissary General, who hod been requested by 
the Governor to enter more into details, and ascertain what 
sties the Corporation was able and willing to givo in ex- 
change for tlie present site of the Arsenal. That at such inter- 
view the Special Committee expressed their readiness to allow 
tlic State to make their selection from any of tlic public lands 
tJint might not be needed for the Water Works, and in such 
quantity of land as tliey chose; and proposed, that to avoid 
iiny bantering ubout prices between die State and City, the. 
question of how much should be paid by one party to 
other, should be referred to Commissioners or Relerees 
determine, on a consideration of all the circumstances. 

The views of the present Legislature upon this subject, have 
commanded tlic attention of this Committee, as connected with i 
their duties, and they have watched tlic legislative proceed' 
ings on this subject with interest. This Committee noticed 
that a bill on the subject was lately reported by the Committee 
of the l.egialaturc charged with it, and tliat the bill has been 
referred to the Committee of the whole. And they are 
informed by the Counsel, that he had examined, or inquired 
into the provisions of, the bill; and that it authorizeir the Go- 
vcmor to effect the proposed change of sites for the oracilat, 
provided tlie Corporation of tliis City convey tlie new site to 
the State in fee ntnpU, and also pay (30,000 towards the 
election of new Arsenal buildmgs. It is to \k observed that 

Eive ^H 

«I6 [Doc. No. 6i}\ 

(he present Arsenal site is not held by the Stnte in fee'] 
timple, but llie ute of it only was conveyed by this Corpora- 
tion to the Slate, and for so long a time only as it shall' I 
be occupied by the Slate for military purposes: And fur-" J 
ther, that (he proposition for the exchange of the landsi'l 
originated with the State, witli a view to the removal o»'l 
their amis, &c. out of town, and beyond the reach o^l 
popular excitement, and for their own gi"ealer convenience and 1 
accommodation: That the present Arsenal site contains iibout|l 
one and a half acre, and four acres is asked for by the Com- J 
missary General, for a new site; and that a part of the Hamil^J 
ton Parade is the ground chosen. It is further to be observed^ 
that since the action of the Common Council on this subjecOi 
relying with full confidence, that the very liberal terms offere 
by them to the Slate, would be accepted on the part of thoj 
latter ; they have appropriated the present public yard < 
site for the House of Detention, &c. and the Common CoundE 
has also ordered Centre street to be widened, and in such i " 
manner as to cut oiT from 15 to 17 feet from the Arsen^T 
ground and Public yard. L 

Notwithstanding these circumstances, this Committee have I 
doubted whether the Common Council would consent to thft * 
proposed exchange of lands, on such terms as the bill before** 
the Legislature proposes. They have therefore made inquiry, i 
and consulted the members of the Committee on Fire and Water, j 
as to what disposition can be made of the public yard, with '^ 
due regard to the public service; and have ascertained ; That 
the Committee on Fire and Water, have for some time had i: 
der consideration, propositions for the removal of the public 
yard, and alterations in its plan of organization, and arc agreed 
on those propositions, so far as expressed in Ibis communication; '^ J 
That the buildings now on the public yard, are all of tliem § 
m a very dilapidated state, and of very little value, except lliat ""B 
used by thcSuperintcndcnt ofstrects.andasahoseshop. Thej^ 
principal building in the yard, used for a carpenter's and ma- 
chine shop, is kept standing only by the aid of props on the 


Doc. No. si] 


Lke away li^^H 
ing the pao^^^^ 

outside. The widening of Centre street will lake 
whole range of buildings on that street, comprising 
maker's shop and public stables, sheds, &c- That the public 
service will be benefitted by giving separate establidi- 
menls lo the Superintendent of Buildings, llie Chief En- 
gineer and Water Purveyor respectively. Their several de- 
partments are now blended into one, and all are interrupted by 
the frfequent and constant calls of the members of the fire de- 
partment, visiting the yard lo see lo the repairs of their engines. 
The Chief Engineer should have a set of hands solely devoted 
to the making and repairing of the machines of liis department. 
And now that the water works are to be made, the Water 
Purveyor will require a large increase of his available force, 
and ought to liave a separate cstaUislunent, 

The Commiitlee have through one of their members, con. 
suited with the Street Commissioner, the Superialendeut of 
Buildings, liio Water Purveyor and Supcrintcudant of Si 
the Chief Engineer being ill, lias not been consulted, — and 
such consultations, state the following facts, to wit 

There is a block of ground containing 33 lots of (200 feet 
by 400 feet,) belonging to the Corporation, situated between 
Stanton and Kivington streets, and Gocrck and Mangin streets, 
on the East river, (twice the size of (he present public yard.) 

Tlie Manhattan Market occupies a part of the ground, and 
the Street Commissioner uses a^ small part also, for depodting 
paving stone. The tinocciipkd part of this ground is how- 
ever larger Utan the present public yard. 

The Superintendent of Buildings, and the Chief Enginetr's 
department, would be as well accommodated, and about as 
conveniently located on the above ground, as they are at 

Tliere would be a sufficiency of room for lumber ; for 
pump makers shops; for blacksmith's shops; for painters 
shops ; for making and repairing hose ; for repairing 
&c. &. 

There is also room for the Street fmtpector's de] 

s, con. 

dent of I 


>0 fce^^^ 

617 [OoG. No. 57. 

stables, horses and carts, &c. &c, of the Superintendent of 
Streets, which will bo nearly, or quite as convenient as the 
present location. 

The widening of Centre street, will, of necessity rcTTHre tke< 
removal of tlic wooden buildings now used as a public stable,.^ 
pump maker's sJwp, ^. and they can be taken down, and re- 
moved to the new location, at a small expense. 

The erection of all buildings required in a public yard, and>^ 
the removal of such as may be deemed necessary, is estimated ' 
by the Superintendent of Repairs, not lo exceed in cost, 95,000. 

The Water Purveyor's department can be removed to the ' 
ground adjoining the new well, near Jcfibrson Market, on 0th 'i 
Avenue and Greenwich lane. 

The size of the ground unoccupied, is 180 feet on Amos 
street, 119 feet on 6ifi Avenue and 75 ft. on Greenwich lane. 

There wil! bo room for the keeping or storage of a large 
quanlily of water pipes, gas lamps, posts, &c. iSec. and that 
location will be as convenient to receive, and distribute for his 
_ department, as the present public yard. 

The hydraulic press, for proving water pipes can easily be 
removed there, and Uie Purveyor slates, that with the aid of 
the steam engine tliere, lie would be enabled toproveSpipes in 
the same time, that it now takes to prove one pipe, which would 
be a great saving in expense. 

There is now at tlic reservoir on 13th street, ample room, 
for the accommodation of llie Chief Engineer's department, 
and the steam engine there can be made of use to aid his work. 

With the full belief that the public service will be promoted 
by the adoption of the following resolutions ; this Committer 
most respectfully submit the ssmie for the c<»isider&tion of tbe4 
Common Council. 

Resolved, That the public ground at the Manhattan Mar- 
ket, not used for Market purposes or by the Street Commis- 
sioner, be and the same hereby is appropriated to llie Su- 
perioteadent of Buitdings and Chief Engineer, and the work 1 


So- ^^ 



Doc. So. 57.] 618 

shops appertaining to their departments, and as a public yard ; 
and that these departments be removed there with ai) convenient 
ipced. The department of llie Chief Engineer to be removed 
there or not, as to the Committee charged therewith shall ap- 
pear expedient. 

Resolved, That the publie grounds and buildings at the re»- 
ervoir on 13th street, not used or occupied for the purposes of 
the well and reservoir, be and the same hereby are apprapriat- 
ed to the Chief Engineer, and the work shops appertaining tp 
hia department, if the Committee cliarged tbcrewiUi deem 
expedient ; and that the same be removed with all convt 

3em i^^^m 

BoKitved, That the public grounds and buildings at the new 
well at JelTerson Market, not used or occupied for the purpo- 
ses of the well and water works (here, be and the same here- 
by are appropriated to llie Water Purveyor, and the work 
shops appertaining to his department ; and that his dcpartmect 

»be removed there with all convenient speed. ^^M 

Reaolved, Tliat the sum of five tliousand dollars be and^^l 
hereby is appropriated, to erect the necessary buildings and 
lixturea at said several places, for the accommodation of the 
Superintendent of Repairs, Chief Engineer and Water Pur- 
veyor, and their departments. 

Retdved, That the Committees on Public Buildings i 
Repairs and on Fire and Water as a. Joint Committee, carr 
the above resolutions into efTect. 


61» [Doe. No. ST. 

Tho Committee on Fire and Water respectfully report: 

That they have examined the foregoing communicationi and 

agree in the views and conclusions therein presented by the 

Committee on the House of Detention, &e. and respectfully 

unite in recommending the foregoing resolutions for adoption. 






April 37th, 1835. 



APRILS?, 1835. 

The Joint Ferry Committee presetUed the following report and 
details, in relation to the enlablixhment of a South Ferry, 
which were read, laid on the table, and directed to be printed 
for theuteof the Memben. 

J. MORTON Clerk. 

The Ferry Committees of the Board of Aldermen and 
Assistant Aldermen, to whom was referred the annexed reso- 
tiitioii 08 follows, in relation to the South Ferry, 

Resolved, That it be referred to the Ferry Committee of 
both Boards, to inquire and examine as to the parties lo whom 
a lease for such South ferry should be given ; as lo the length 
of time for which such lease should be given ; and the amount 
of rent to be reserved therein, and as to all matters proper to 
be inserted iii such lease. 


That agreeable to the above resolution, your Committees 
have had this subject under consideration, and have also had (lie 

ijoc. No. 'j8.] 

applicants })efore tiiem. among whom were Messrs. Lymui 
Belts, C. D. Sackett and others,' tiieir associates. Your Com- 
mittee perceive by a lease granted to Robert Fulton aiid 
William Cutting, on the 1st of May, IHU, for a term of 
twenty -Ave years, that the Corporation are therein bound not 
to permit any otiier ferry to be established between this City 
and Brooklyn, southward of Catharine slip ; in consequence of 
this provision, no ferry could be established souliiward of said 
slip, wichoiU a violation of the Fulton ferry lease ; this di^SCHlty 
however is overcome by the present applicants having made 
an agreement willi tlie Stockliolucio ui r ulton ferry on certain 
conditions, which your Committee understand have been bc. 
ceedcd to, and who have consented that a South feny may be 
establislied. In addition to this, the applicants, Mr. Belts 
and bis associates, are to execute a bond of iodeninilj' in 
favor of the Corporation, securing them against any cJaims 
which might bc brought against them by the Fulton Forry 
Company, for establishing this additional ferry. Under thiH or- 
rangcment, your Committee recommend that a lease be granted 
to Messrs. Lyman Belts, Couklin Brush, Charles Kelsey, Joseph 
A. Perry, Clarence D. Sackettj Alpheus Sherman aod their 
associates, for a ferry from Whitehall iq this City, to the foot 
(^,;A^tifi street. C'»>; f^ BlPofclyn, for a e5(pirQ,(»m- 

ij^teJ^wnal^ wiib that of ElultQU feniy, wiiich will b« on t|ie i^t 

of May, 1839 ;.!)]&! atwual rent to be s^yea per c^nt, on ^i^ 
expsoditure made by this Corporation, in building bulkhead, 
flott(f),9^l)rMg^9> a#dQ;her ^coipmodfttipn? at.Whitehall, for 
ttifi ^ta^U^[n$;tt of s^jd fe^y ; and in addition thereto^ sucb 
ri«nt-#9 wouHbe fur.aRd eq^tfible fof sHch.portitn of Wliite- 
Jk4) 9]ip Rs sliiill be. Qccmv«d for said ferry, such value tb be 
iix?d.j!y the Cf»aiRtfoIl*r. As the Ipspecs are to Rreparp .at their 
expenae all the docks, floats, bridges, &^ oq the LoEJs Island 
side, at an expense probably of twenty thousand dollars, and 
also to provide tfitagp^ ^ ^ptptavtia] ferry Iwats for said 
ferry, they have suggested to your Committee, that possibly 
at'lbe exfniBlioD of Ifao eh<»<. iMsa.. th«t kvw other; -node 
iiri0htb*.ad0pi«d'£v()>e()t»pMil of ^ly .)«»««, AtthWr^ywJe 

ess [Doc. No. SSl 

at auction or otherwise ; in an event of this nature, tfiey are 
desirous that there should be a provision in tiie lease, requiring 
the succeeding lessees to puichase the dock and iixtures on 
the Long Island aide, at a fair valuation ; your Committee caa J 
perceive no impropriety in this, provided the Corporation had ^ 
the control of said water, which they at present have not ; the 
charter of the City gives to the Corporation a jurisdiction to 
low water mark on the Long Island side, and your Commit- 
tee recommend that an application be made to the L^slature 
for a water grant in front of Atlantic street, and fifty feet oo 
each side thereof from low water mark, and offer the follow- 
ing resolution : 

Betolved, That the Counsel of the Board prepare a lease 
for a ferry, with the usual covenants, from Whitehall to the 
foot of Atlantic street in the City of Brooklyn, in favor of 
Lyman Bctis, Conklin BruGh, Charles Kelsey, Joseph A. Perry, 
Clarence D. Sackctt and AJpbeos Sherman, for a term to com- 
mence from the time the accommodations necessary for said 
ferry are completed at Whitehall, and to terminate on the Ist 
of May, 1839, at the yearly rent of seven per cent, on dis- 
bursements of Corporation, and in addition thereto, an equita- 
ble rent for piers, &c. occupied for said ferry, to be fired by 
the Comptroller ; provided the lessees execute a bond of in- 
demnity, securing the Corporation against any demand from 
the Fulton Ferry Company, or furnish a sul^cient consent in 
writing to the establishment of such ferry, to be executed by 
the proprietors of the Fulton ferry, to be approved by the 
Counsel of the Board and Comptroller. 

Retoleed, That an application be made to the legislature 
by the Counsel of the Board in behalf of this Corporation, for 
a water grant from low water mark, at the foot of Atlantic j 
street, and 50 feet on each side thereof, for ferry purposes. I 

ReitAved, Tliat a sufficient part of Whitehall slip, is hereby 
appropriated for the ufc of said ferry, and that the Corpora- 

Doc. No. 

631 ^^^^^^^^^^ 

tioD cause to 

bc-buiU a bulkhead aciosa said slip, and alio Ow 


J &UU that eight thousand dollars be, and is hereby 


r that purpose. 

Be sd. 

lat the rate of ferriages shall not exceed that 

» ofFu. 



lat in case the Corporation shall obtain a water 

giant at the j 

t of Atlantic street, and should this fcrry at the 

lermination < 

..«. p.vo. ased to otliers, one con- 

dition in aaia lease shall uc, uuii sees purcliase tho docks, 

. such value to be ( n in the usual way. 





2— ^_. J. J. BOYD. . <^«v«^ 


■j^^ ROI !RT SMiTai^S|H 



MARCH 2, 1635. 

TTte Comptroller presenlcd the following R^iort, icAicA was 
laid on the table ami. ordered to be printed for the me of 
the Memheri. 


Tiie Comptroller respectfully presents herewith, to the 
Common CouDcil, a list of the oflicers who have made out 
and deposited with him, written slak.'mcnu of tlie amount of 
Fees received, and amount of expenses paid by them seve- 
rally ; also a. list of those who have omitted to make out, and 
deposit widi him, such statement as Is directed by the " Law 
requiring Fee Oificers to report." 

Although the aforesaid Law was published about tlie time I 
it was passed, yet it appeared when the first day of February J 
arrived, that but few of tlie persons interested were aware of J 
Its existence, and in consc<iucncc tliereof. the Comptroller has f 
delayed reporting, in order to afford opportunity for a fuU I 
compliance with the said law, by all the parties embraced] 
within its provisions. 

Respectfully submitted by 

T. I. WATERS. Comptroller. 
iNgw York, March 3, isss. 




(ETURN9. ^M 




riocMib. ^^ 

William A. Do Peyster, 

• 744 67 

•246 92 

4m 45 H 

Joscjih Lc^f,^;!!. 
John A. Holly, 
Hiinry HinsJalc. 

60 1 07 

160 00 

408 07 H 

001 15 

180 40 

421 05 H 

638 27 

159 55 

478 72 ■ 

Cornelius Vau Clecf, 

539 31 

177 00 

362 34 

Samuo! I). SoUhmayJ, 

1,24C 0< 

415 33 

830 67 

Wrilet Scnman, 

1 21 m 

60 02 

70 75 

Ezra Collins, 

1,100 87 

300 »« 

798 02 

C. P. Bunner. 

7r.O 0( 

250 00 

500 00 

James Welling. 

1,428 00 

428 10 

999 69 

Samuel H. Rogers. 

318 37 

107 50 

210 87 

Stenhcn S. Clay. 
William H. Leary, 

561 25 

140 29 

420 96 

183 05 

100 00 

293 05 

Samuel R. Ryer, 

1,000 0( 

300 00 

700 00 

John Marschalk, 

409 6P 

123 23 

346 46 

John M. Ryer, 

2,280 83 

C43 50 

l,e4« 93 

William Ruasell, 

891 8G 

332 79 

550 07 

Reuben Bunker, 

087 59 

345 59 

642 00 

David D. Crane, 

775 21 

258 40 

516 6i 

W. Vandervoon, 

511 41 

170 71 

340 74 

Andrew Bacho, 

258 34 

64 58 

199 79 

Richard M. Dcmiil. 

81) Ob 

123 OS 


Lewis A. Borte, 


26f) 48 

, 41& 28 ^M 

Charles Hunt, 

1,472 oa 

432 fll 

1,030 13 ^M 

317 7« H 

Isaac Wilkiiis. 

397 2a 

79 44 

Daniel Ostrander, 

269 IC 

62 10 

aoi 66 

Caleb D. Haveland, 

530 76 

176 19 

35« 59 

D. Edward Glover, 

1,326 53 

308 44 

ijoaa 00 

Charles Turner, 

526 Of 

204 on 

322 00 

Joseph Moore, 

784 8 

303 10 

481 71 

Albert Cocks, 

448 la 

112 0! 

38tf I'l 

Hoi iwom 

Daniel Hageman, (PaltOD 

209 7 

23 37 

186 34 

Wdliam D. Coil. 

2»7 86 

, 74 4« 

. 323 40 


Wimam 1. VJvavjiiV. 

, ^94 01] 

231 00 

463 00 

«27 [Doc. No. 59. 




Charlos Williams, 
James D. Oram, 
Peter Dcmill, 
Benjamin H. Roach, 
Richard Ellison, 

1,121 35 

751 21 

1,121 3.5 

744 00 
855 00 

125 00 
93 00 
125 00 
114 50 

85 26 

am 35 
361 24 
908 35 
029 59 
709 76 


James Perkins, 
I. A. Hamilton, 


Abraham D. Brinkerlioff, 

304 38 
240 41 


Simon Ackcrman, 
Hoiiworn. Isaac Bfown, 

491 30 53 I» 
641 75 

438 iV 


475 551 10 001 465 SS 


IJamcs Lynch, (S months)|3,557 001553. 5013,004 SO 


^HPH^V LIST OF .^^^^H 


■ Who have omIUed to make out and deposit with the Comp-'^^ 

1 trcJIor, sucli slalcment as ia directed by the first section of 

1 tlie Law of the Common Council, " requiring Fee Officers 

1 to Report." Approved July 8, 1834. ^h 



Francis G. Macy, 


Daniel Johnson, 

John Sherwood, ^K 

Sdin Hunter. 

Samuel HowclC ,^^H 

Joseph Wood, 

Dudley Sheffield, ^H 

Samuel Nelson, 

Jonathan Hall, ^H 

Charles W. Davenport, 

John Boyd, ^H 

James Barton, 

Wm. A. Haugliton, jun. '^^H 

Archibald Gourlay, 

James Hallctt, ^^M 

Stephen A. Ricli, 
Wifliam Sncli, 

Peter Tice, ^H 

Robert C. Hinchman, ^^M 

Lawrence Barron, 

James L. Wallace. ^M 

Charles Swan, 

Stephen Thorn, 


Abraham Bogart, 


Jacob D. Clute, 

William Pearsall, 

John Van Busson, ' ^^M 

Thomas Colt, 

Otto W. Vail Tuyl. ^H 

Edward C. Bailinger, 

HortoD Frost, ^^H 

Moses I. Quinby. 

William R. Lowerrc, "^^M 
James H. Dclamatcr, ^^M 


John Oakley, -^^H 

H OI'FV r^TTA/^nTfC' 

Peter Maslcrton, .^^1 
William Browcr, .^H 

■ Oil I bUAGLiKb. 

t Daniel Waldron, 

Thomas Alsop, j^^| 
Thomas C. Noiris, ^^M 

WilHam E, Hussey, 

Francis E. Koljcrtsori, 

John Cowdrey, ^^H 

Eli»ha T. Lewis. 

Bernard Cl-'onncr. ^^^| 


[Doc. No. 59. 

Isaac B. Torboss, 
Amos Jones, 
Wiliet Rayner, 
Thomas Jeroleman, 
Cornelius Chatterton, 
John Ewen, 
John Helme, 
Nathaniel G. Brush, 
John Van Orsdall, 
William Brady, 
William Van Wart, 
Moses Brush, 
James Corwin, 
Thomas Edgar, 
Benjamin F. Mott, 
Sands Ferris, 
Stoddard J. Frost, 
Gabriel Day, 
Joseph Taylor 
Daniel Morgan, 
John Springsteen, 
Joim Crouter, 
Jonathan D. Hunt. 


William C. Brooks, 
William Simpson, 
David Minor, 
William Cox, 

Georce Greig, 

Barnes Underhill, 
James Scott, 
William Wilde, 
James Greig, 
Robert Simpson, 
Richard W. Moore, 
William Anson, 
Ebenezer D. Cobb, 
Thomas Wiggins, 
John Hogencamp, 
James Emmons, 
Jonah Skinner, 
Patrick McArdle. 

Henry Battennan, 
Abraham Cole, 
Abraham Guest, 
William Johnston, 
Fountain N. Hughes, 
Benjamin Work, 
David Board, 
Josiah Smith, 
John Hibbert, 
Peter Hewsted, 
Alexander Eraser. 

Geoi^ B. Thorp, f eeper of j 

City PrtKm. 7 

James H. Kipp, BaltattSfa*- J 

Benjamin Watson, Regitter j 
of Dogs. 

^ iM «a] ' M.'. 


.in.<.(III ,,,1,1. 
,win'-I viImmwoIA 

iM»iat'ji/j,,{f i(<v,ui 

r>>«i',lA jmbW I 


■■■'< , illlW 

r,l| .,..11 




Tfe report of the Joint Finance Committee, together with the 
law in relation to supplying the Citij of Neio-York wilk 
pure and wholesome tenter, was called up and read. T/te 
Committee offered sundry amendvumts, which were read, 
TTie whole subject, togetlier wiUi an amendment offered by 
Alderman Varian, was then laid on the table, and directed 
to be printed for the use of the Members. 

J. MORTON, Clerk. 


To instruct the Water Commissioners to proceed in|the worip' 
of supplying the City of New- York with water, and to create 
& public fund or stock, to be called " the Water Slock of thtf' 
City of New- York," for the expenses of said work. ' 

The law aa amended by the Committee wii] read as foIloWB : 

Tk« Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of 
Neu>-York in Common Council convened, do ordain as foU 


§ 1. The Water Commissioners of the City of New- York, 
are hereby instructed to proceed with, Via -wqxVqI ws.Y^S''^»i^ 

Doc. No. 60.] G33 

the Cily of New- York, with a aulHcieDt quantity of pure and' 
wholesome water for the use of its inhabitants, according to 
the plan adopted by them in pursuance of the act of the Leg- 
islature, entitled " An act tu | rovide for supplying the Cily of 
New-York with pure and wholesome water," passed Alay 3t 

5 2. A public stock or fund, to be called " the Water Stock 
of the City of New- York," shall ho created, for a loan of two 
million five hundred thousand dollars, which shnll bear an in- 
terest of not exceeding five per cent, por annum, payable 
quarterly, and shall he redeemable on or after the first day of 
January, which will be in tlie year one thousand eighi hun- 
dred and sixty. 

§ 3. The nominal amount or value of each share of Ibe 
said slock, shall be one hundred dollars, and Ihc same shall 
consist of twenty-five thousand shares. 

§. 4, Tiic said loan shall be receivable in the fnllowing pro- 
portions, and at tbo following periods respectively, lliat is to 
say", one million of dollars tliereof shall be taken up prcvioui 
to the 10th day of September, 1835, in sums of two hundred 
and fifty thousand dollars, payable on the 10th days of June, 
July, August and September next respectively ; and the re- 
maining one million five hundred thousand dollars thereof, in 
sums of five hundred thousand dollars, payable half yearly 
after the 1st day of January, 1836. 

§ 5. The Comptroller is hereby authorized and directed to 
advertise for proposals, to be received at any lime previous to 
the 25ih day of May nesl, and not to beojiened until that day, 
for the loan of one million of dollars, (a part of the said loan 
oflWomillion five hundred thousand dollars,) payable in tnontlily 
instalments, of twenty-five per cent on the Hlih Hays of June, 
July, Augirel and September next respectively ; and such pro- 
posals may be made of the said one inillion of dollars, not lci8 
than the par value of one share of the said stock. 

§6. The said Comptroller shall delerminc, on or Jiflerlhe 
25lh day of May next, which and what proportion of the caid 
/>roj>o3als shall be accp^vcd -, t«i& ^T&Ss,4Qt«>T<\VTi\R's<(K Ae 


633 [Ooc. No. 60. 

[ number of shares necessary to make up the said sum of one 
million of dollars, to that or those person or persons or com- 
panies whose proposals shall have been accepted ; and such 
oertiBcate shall be nearly as may be in the same form as the 
certificates issued for " The New York City Stock," by virtue 
of the act entitled " An Act to regulate the finances of the City 
of New York," passed June 8, 1812. 
L § 7. The said Comptroller shall receive, from lime to time, 
K as the same becomes payable as aforesaid, the said instalments 
' of the said loan of one million of dollars, and shall keep a sepa* 
rate and distinct account of the same, and of all sums paid on 
account thereof. 

5 8. The said monies so to be received, shall be paid by the 
said Comptroller, to or on the order of the said Water Com- 
missioners for the expense of the said work, of supplying the 
City of New York with pure and wholesome water, according 
to the plan adopted by them for that purpose, as aforesaid. 

§ 9. The provisions of tlie ordinance entitled, " A Law pro- 
viding for the redemption of the City Stock," so far as the 
same can be applied to the " Water Stock of the City of New 
York," shall be applicable to the same ; and all revenue to be 
received for water to be procured by the said work, and fur- 
nished to the inhabitants of the City of New York, shaJl be 
specially oppropriated as a sinking fund towards the redemp- 
tion of the said Water Stock. J 
^ 10. There shall be three acting Commissioners to be de- I 
fiignatcd and selected by his Honor the Mayor, out of the said ' 
Commissioners, who shall have the immediate charge and 
BUperintendence of the said work, and be known as the " Act- 
ing Water Commissioners j" and each of whom shall receive 
for his services an annual salary of fifteen hundred dollars ; 
the other Commissioners shall receive a compensation of five 
dollars per day for the time occupied by them in the actual 
L performance of their duties, to be paid as part of the contin- J 
I gent expenses of the said work. I 
m ROBERT C. GO^^^\X-, 

Bl 2. 1. ftOXTi. 



'fifci Variad presented ihft ibJlowiag 

Vater Commissioner shall each receiTS for tlwir 
iry of hundred dollars per anaom, to l» 

'tiw contingent expcnBOs of the Mud work. 



APRIL 13, I83S. 


The fallowing Report was received from the Con 
which was accepted, and the recommendation therein 
adc^ted, viz. that he pay for RandeVs Island, and for 
ground for a Market in the ^th Ward, out of tite Sinking 

J. MORTON, Clerk. „ 

The Comptroller respectfully aaks the atteniion of the Com- 
mon Council to the aubject of [he Ci[y Revenues appropriated 
to the Smking Fund account, for the redemption of the New- 
York City Stock, as a matter worthy of their deliberate consi- 

During the past year, many efforts have been made for the 
purcliase of said slock, to the extent of the funds in hand ; but 
ihc holders to whom application ha^ been made, liavc seemed 



Doc. No. 61.] 

generally diuncluiC'] oven to name a price at which Oicy 
aell 1 BO much so indeed, that the Commissiooers have effected 
purchases ODiy to the stnali amount of S7,T00. The conse- 
quence is, that tlic accumulations have now reached the sum 
of 8193,902 13; and ifan opinion may be drawn from the feet 
that sundry of the holders have declined the acceptance of spe- 
afic offers of ten per cent, advance, for the whole amount d* 
said stock, held or controlled by them, the prospect of lesseiv 
ing the amount of lliose accumuiations by the purchase of any 
of the said City Stock is certainly very distant. 

The amount of City Stock yet unredeemed is but 8410^00, 
and neither of the stocks issued are redeemable betbre the year 

Ab the amount now at the diapoeal of the Ccnnmissicaiers ii 
more than sufficient, by the accumulation of its own interest, 
to accomphsh the redemption of the stock yet out, when the 
appointed time shall iiavc arrived, and as the annual revenues 
of the fund referred to, will (exclusive of sales of real estate) 
much exceed the sum of sixty thousand dollars, it is mani- 
fest that Uic provision made for the object contemplated, has, 
from the force of circumstances, become excessive. 

In order to dispose of this excess, in perfect consistency with 
a due regard for the public creditors holding the stock, to which 
those funds were originally appropriated, the Comptroller, on a 
former occasion, (as will be seen by referring to Document 
No. 60 of 1832,) suggested tlie propriety of applying so mucli 
of said fund to the payment for such real estate, as the Common 
Council might deem it necessary to purchase for public pur- 
poses. He would now respectfully renew the suggostioa 
generally; but with especial reference to tlie recent purchase 
of Randel's Island, and to the ground token for the new Market 
on Grand street in the llh Ward, and recommend that the 
payments for llieac lands be made from tiie fund now at tlie 
credit and disposal of the Commissioners for the redemption 
of the City Stock, as a means of avoiding the necessity of 
great increase of the teinpoinr>- loans lo be provided for 



[Doc. No. 61. 

by the use of the funds referred to, or by a proportionate bh 
crease of taxation for the coming year, which it is Rpprehended 
wiil be sufficiently large, -without these additions, in making 
permanent improvements, the benefits of which will be derived 
principally, by succeeding generations. 

All which is respectfUly submitted* by ^H 

T. I. WATERS, CmptroS^^ 

Nm-Yorkj IStft Apr^, 1S35,