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3E OF" THIE 





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ion. 



Section 



No, 



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"^AmericcNva Covnv>.rttee of TTev'is\oyi ^^f the. 



PRIVATE AND CONFIDENTIAL. 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



OF THE 



Amerioae" Committee on Revision. 



PREPARED BY ORDER OF THE COMMITTEE 
FOR THE USE OF THE MEMBERS. 



NEW YORK. 

1885. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



INTRODUCTORY. 

PAGE. 

Historical Sketch of the English Committee on Revision, . . 3 



PART FIRST. 
Organization of the American Committee, ........ 20 

PART SECOND, 

Correspondence of the American Committee with the English 

Companies, 81 

PART THIRD. 

Correspondence with the University Presses of Oxford and 

Cambridge, 03 

PART FOURTH. 
Sundry Actions of the American Committee, 131 

PART FIFTH 
Memorial Papers, 147 

PART SIXTH. 

Report of the Committee on Finance, 159 

List of Donors and Subscribers, 163-186 



Sntiotructori). 



HISTORICAL SKETCH 

OF THE 

ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON REVISION. 



[We p7'esent, hy way of introduction , the folloicing "Authoritative Exposition of 
the History and Purpose of Bevision," which appeared in the London " Times" 
(weekly edition), May 20, 1881.] 

THE REVISION OF THE AUTHORISED VERSION OF THE 
NEW TESTAMENT.* 



Ojst a December day, 346 years ago, the members of the Upper House 
of the Convocation of Canterbury were engaged on the same subject 
which will tliis day come before that ancient body — the faithful ren- 
dering of the Holy Scriptures into the vulgar tongue. They then 
unanimously agreed that the King should vouchsafe to decree that 
the Scriptures should be translated " by some honest and learned 
men to be nominated by the King, and to be delivered to the people 
according to their learning." As we know, no immediate results fol- 
lowed this very laudable resolution. The King, however, two years 
afterwards, made a proclamation in which, while he stoutly forbade 
the public reading of the Scriptures in English, he did, nevertheless, 
graciously allow " such as can and will read in the English tongue " 
to do so *' quietly and reverently," and ''by themselves secretly, at 
all times and places convenient for their own instruction." The 
Archbishop, too, appears to have done his best. Cranmer is said to 
have sent portions of Tyndale's Testament to several bishops to be 
reviewed and considered, and it is said that all returned their revis- 
ions. But there the matter ended. The subject, indeed, was revived 
in 1542, but in a reactionary spirit, and in the sequel with an equally 
unproductive result. 

The ConYocation of Canterbury of our own day have, however, 
been more fortunate. They have not only suggested that a faithful 

* " The New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ," translated out 
of the Greek ; being the Version set forth a.d. 1611, compared with ancient 
authorities, and revised A D. 1881. Printed for the Universities of Oxford and 
Cambridge. Oxford: 1881. 



4 IIISTOEIOAL SKETCH OF THE 

rendering of the Scriptures should be undertaken, but, by means 
of members of tlieir own body and co-optated scholars and di- 
vines, they have completed one portion of the work, and to-day will 
publicly receive it. The Eevised Version of the New Testament will 
be presented this morning to both Houses of Convocation. 

Before we make any comments on the work itself we may, perhaps 
not unprofitably, give our readers some general account of the origin 
of this really great undertaking, and briefly specify the manner in 
which the work has been done. Our columns for the last eleven years 
have contained short notices of the meetings that have been held by 
the Companies, and of the silent progress of the work. We may 
now give the histoiy of that progress, and also mention the various 
circumstances connected with the early history of that portion of the 
work that has now been completed. 

To find the true origin of this undertaking we must look back about 
twenty-five years. The year 1856 was marked by several distinct move- 
ments in favor of a revision of the Authorised Version, and by one 
particularly, on which, as a sort of first step in the now completed 
work, it may be desirable to speak a little in detail. The subject was 
alluded to both in Convocation and in Parliament. On February 1, 
1856, the late Canon Selwyn, who had long been deeply interested in 
the subject, gave notice in the Southern Convocation of a resolution 
in Avhich Convocation was to pray the Sovereign to appoint a Royal 
Commission for receiving and suggesting amendments in the Author- 
ised Version of the Bible. The same course was recommended in 
Parliament by Mr. Heywood, one of the members for North Lanca- 
shire ; but in both cases the result Avas the same. Neither the cleri- 
cal nor the lay mind was prepared for such a leap in the dark 
as the appointment of a commission to modify the venerable ver- 
sion that has so long maintained its sui)remacy. Sir George Grey 
more blandly, and Archdeacon Denison more trenchantly, disposed of 
the Royal Commission, and, as far as any public action went, no steps 
were taken, though there were few probably, either in Convocation or 
Parliament, who did not feel that the subject could not long be post- 
poned. 

Private effort, however, was much more successful. The Rev. 
Ernest Hawkins, then secretary of the Society for the Propagation of 
the Gospel, was so deeply impressed Avith the importance of making 
some organized effort that he determined to try and gather together 
a small body of scholars that should undertake the revision of a por- 
tion of the New Testament, and that should show by actual results 
not only that the Avork needed to be done, but that it could be done, 
and that, too, on safe and conservative principles. After many 



ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON REVISION. 5 

efforts he succeeded in gaining tlie support a,nd co-operation of a few 
scholars who were known, either by their works or by general repu- 
tation, to bo interested in the study of the New Testament. He 
drew together, in the summer of 1856, the Eev. Henry Alford, after- 
wards Dean of Canterbury ; Rev. John Barrow, D.D., Principal of 
St. Edmund Hall ; Rev. C. J. Ellicott, now Bishop of Gloucester and 
Bristol; Rev. W. H. [G.] Humphry, Vicar of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields ; 
and Eev. G. Moberly, D.C.L., then Head-Master of Winchester 
College and now Bishop of Salisbury. These five scholars agreed to 
make an attempt by the revision of the Authorised Version of St. 
John's Gospel. They began their work in the autumn, meeting reg- 
nlarly at the vicarage of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, with their gentle 
taskmaster, Ernest Hawkins, acting frequently as their secretary, and 
they concluded tlie first portion of their revision in the course of the 
ensuing year. The preface — a composition that will still bear atten- 
tive perusal — was written by Dr. Moberly, the press arrangements 
Avere superintended by Canon Hawkins ; and a thin volume in royal 
octavo, bearing the title '^ The Authorised Version of St. John's 
Gospel, revised by Five Clergymen," appeared in March, 1857, as 
the first sample of a revision of the Authorised Version produced by 
the co-operation of several different minds. It was followed by the 
Epistle to the Romans, the Epistles to the Corinthians (the preface to 
which was written by Professor Ellicott), and subsequently by the 
Epistles to the Galatians, Ephesians, and Philippians, by four of the 
number, Dr. Barrow having then left England. The work was very 
favorably received both in England and America. It received the 
commendation of Archbishop Trench, and was spoken of in America 
by Mr. Marsh, in his lectures on the English language, as ''by far 
the most judicious modern recension " that was known to him. It 
passed throiigh several editions, and, though now almost forgotten, 
must certainly be considered as the germ of the present revision. It 
showed clearly two things — first, that a revision could be made with- 
out seriously interfering with either the diction or the rhythm of the 
Authorised Version ; secondly, that a revision, if made at all, must 
be made by a similar co-operation of independent minds and by cor- 
porate and collegiate discussion. A third fiict also was disclosed 
which had a salutary effect in checking premature efforts — viz., that, 
as these revisers themselves said, the work was " one of extreme diffi- 
culty," and of a difficulty which they believed was " scarcely capa- 
ble of being entirely surmounted." And they were right : the pres- 
ent revision, good in the main as we certainly believe it will be found 
to be, confirms the correctness of their experience. As we shall 
hereafter see, there are difficulties connected with a conservative re- 



b HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE 

vision of the existing translation of the Greek Testament that are 
practically insuperable. 

After this effort, which from the very first was felt to be only pre- 
lusive and tentative, the immediate interest in revision sensibly lan- 
guished. There Avere those, however, who were determined that the 
efforts already made should not become utterly fruitless. As year 
by year went onward, every change in public opinion was closely 
Avatched by those who had taken part in the revision just mentioned, 
and especially by the Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol and Dean 
Alford. It was thought in 18G9 that many things pointed to a re- 
vival in the interest felt in revision. The Bishop and Dean fre(piently 
conferred on the subject, consulted all those who were in any degree 
likely to forward the undertaking, and at length obtained the hearty 
aid and support of Bishop Wilberforce. The Bishop entered into 
the movement with real interest, and, as the sequel proved, materi- 
ally contributed to its finally receiving a definite and authoritative 
sanction. The real difficulty was how to break ground. It was urged 
by those most interested that precedent seemed in favor of a Eoyal 
Commission. In the revision of 1611 the King was the sole actor; 
and, in the case of the only other Bible that rests on any really valid 
authority, the Great Bible, the king's vicegerent, Lord Cromwell, 
has always been deemed to ha\'e been the real mover, and tlie one to 
Avhom the sole editor, Coverdale, Avas entirely responsible. It Avas also 
not forgotten tliat, in tlie tAvo abortive attempts in Parliament and 
Convocation Avhich have been already referred to, the proposal to pro- 
ceed by Avay of a Eoyal Commission Avas not in itself objected to. 
There Avas, further, this very important consideration, that the ex- 
treme difficulties connected Avith the choice of those avIio Avere to 
undertake tlie revision Avould be much diminished in the case of a 
Royal designation. Those not chosen Avould be more likely to accept 
the decision, and in the sequel to prove more impartial and tolerant 
critics. The spretie injuria for mcc, as the case of Hugh ]?roughton 
in reference to the Authorised Version very distinctly shows, and as 
the revision of 1881 will also find out to its cost, is a very serious 
element in the early criticisms that are passed upon a work done by 
a necessarily selected few out of a larger and hardly less competent 
body. For these reasons it Avas deemed desirable that an address to 
the Crown should be moved for in the House of Lords, and in the 
following terms: ''That a humble address be presented to Her 
Majesty praying Her Majesty to appoint a Eoyal Commission to re- 
vise the Authorised Version in all those passages Avhere clear and plain 
errors, whether in tlie Greek text originally adopted by the transla- 
tors, or in the traiishition made from the same, shall, on due in- 



ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON REVISION. 7 

vestigiition, be found to exist." Before, however, so responsible a 
step was taken, careful iuquir}^ was made liow far such a resolution 
would obtain the support of those in authority. It was found that 
support could not be promised. It was pointed out that the choice 
of the future revisers would involve the greatest possible difficulties ; 
that a Commission, really to carry weight, must be very inclusive ; 
and that botli its size and the necessarily heterogeneous nature of its 
elements would involve difficulties in the execution of the work, and 
still more in the final reception of it, that were judged to be too great 
to justify the experiment. The advice, frankly and considerately 
given, was acted upon, and the plan of a Eoyal Commission was at 
once given np. 

It Avas obvious that the only other authoritative body before which 
the subject could be brought was Convocation. It was, indeed, 
feared that if Convocation undertook the Avork it would not unnat- 
urally choose the revisers mainly out of its own members, and that 
thus, however well the work might be done, the results would never 
secure a really national acceptance. Still, there was no choice left. 
If Convocation were not applied to, it was clear the work would have 
to be postponed till a Koyal Commission might seem more attainable ; 
and this, Avith the rapid movement of modern thouglit, and the neces- 
sity for the inclusion of very heterogeneous elements, Avould evidently 
become year by year a more hopeless anticipation. So it Avas finally 
resolved to bring the subject before Convocation, and to place that 
confidence in the Avisdom of the venerable body which the sequel 
shoAved Avas not placed there in vain. 

All was then arranged, and on February 10, 1870, the then Bishop 
of Winchester moved, and the Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol 
seconded, the following resolution : 

" That a committee of both Houses be appointed, with power to confer with 
any committee that may be appointed by the Convocation of the Noitliern Prov- 
ince, to report upon the desirableness of a revision of the Authorised Version of 
the New Testament, whether by marginal notes or otherwise, in all those pas- 
sage? where plain and clear errors, whether in the Greek text origiually adopted 
by the translators, or in the translatiou made from the same, shall on due investi- 
gation be found to exist." 

The resolution was afterwards extended, on the motion of the 
Bishop of LlandafF, seconded by the Bishop of St. David's (Dr. Thirl- 
Avall), to the Old Testament ; the necessary Avords Avere inserted ; the 
practically nnanimous assent of the House Avas given to the amended 
resolution, and a committee appointed. The committee consisted of 
the Bishops of Winchester (Dr. Wilberforce), Gloucester and Bristol, 
St. David's, Llandaff, Ely (Dr. Browne), Lincoln, Bath and Wells, 



8 HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE 

and Salisbury. This resolution was communicated at once to the 
Lower House, and there assented to very readily. It was moved by 
Canon Selwyn, and seconded by Dr. Jebb, that the Convocations of 
Armagh and Dublin slionld be consulted, as avcU as the Convocation 
of York, but this addition seems afterwards to have fallen through. 
The following committee of the Lower House was tlien appointed : 
The Prolocutor (Dr. Bickersteth), the Deans of Canterbury (Dr. 
Alford), Westminster and Lincoln (Dr. Jeremie) ; the Archdeacons 
of Bedford (Mr. Eose), Exeter (Mr. Freeman), and Rochester ; Chan- 
cellor Massingberd ; Canons Blakesley, How, Selwyn, tSwainson, and 
Woodgate ; Dr. Kay, Dr. Jebb, and ]V[r. De Winton. 

The subject was discussed shortly afterwards by the Convocation 
of York, but, unfortunately, owing to completely exaggerated fears 
as to the nature of the proposal, the Northern Convocation declined 
to co-operate. 

The Joint Committee of the Convocation of Canterbury, formed of 
the two lists just specified, met March 24, 1870, and drew up their 
report in the form of the following resolutions : 

" 1. That it is desirable tliat a revision of the Authorised Version of the Holy 
Scriptures be undertaken. 

" 3. That the revision be so conducted as to comprise both marginal renderings 
and such emendations as it may be found necessary to insert in the text of the 
Authorised Version. 

" 3. That in the above resobitions we do not contemplate any new translation 
of the Bible, or any alteration of the language, except where in the judgment of 
the most competent scholars such change is necessary. 

" 4. That in such necessary changes the style of the language employed in the 
existing version be closely followed. 

" 5. That it is desirable that Convocation should nominate a body of its own 
members to undertake the work of revision, who shall be at liberty to invite the 
co-operation of any eminent for scholarship, to whatever nation or religious body 
they may belong." 

The report was presented May 3, and the following resolution 
adopted : 

" That a committee be now appointed to consider and report to Convocation a 
scheme of revision on the principles laid down in the report now adopted. 
That the Bishops of Winchester, St. David's, Llandaff, Gloucester and Bristol, 
Salisbury, Ely, Lincoln, and Bath and Wells, be members of the committee. 
That the committee be empowered to invite the co-operation of those whom they 
may judge fit from their Biblical scholarsliip to aid them m their work." 

This resolution was communicated to the Lower House. After one 
day of discussion, and some consideration of details on the following 
day, the report of the large Joint Committee was adopted, and the fol- 
lowing members of the Lower House appointed to co-operate with the 
Bishops above mentioned in carrying ont the work : the Prolocutor, 



ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON REVISION, 9 

the Deans of Canterbury and Westminster, the Archdeacon of Red- 
ford, Canons Selwyn and Blakesley, Dr. Jebb, and Dr. Kay. 

This second or, so to speak, executive, committee tlien seriously 
took the work in hand. They first met May 25, divided themselves 
into two bodies, or, as they were afterwards called, Companies, tlie 
one for the Old Testament, the other for the 'New, and proceeded to 
the difiQcult and delicate task of choosing colleagues, and of -framing 
general and special rules for the carrying on of the work. The 
labors of the Committee were lightened by the fact that those origi- 
nally most interested in the cause had already carefully collected the 
names of scholars who were judged to be most likely to aid the under- 
taking, and, when the Committee met, had a sufficiently full list to 
present to it. The general and special rules had also been prepared 
beforehand in draft by the Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol, and 
were accepted with but slight modifications. 

The names of those invited at the above meeting, and at a short 
subsequent meeting on July 5, to become members of the Old Testa- 
ment Company were as follow : Rev. Dr. W. L. Alexander, Mr. 
Bensly, Professor Chenery, Rev. Canon Cook, Rev. Professor A. B. 
Davidson, Rev. Dr. B. Davies, Rev. Dr. Douglas, Professor Fairbairn, 
Rev. F. Field, Rev. J. D. Geden, Rev. Dr. Ginsburg, Rev. Dr. Gotch, 
Ven. Archdeacon Harrison, Rev. Professor Leathes, Rev. Professor 
M'Gill, Rev. Canon Payne Smith, Rev. Professor J. H. Perowne, Rev. 
Professor Plumptre, Rev. Canon Pasoy, Rev. Dr. Weir, Dr. Wright 
(British Museum), and Mr. W. A. Wright (Cambridge). 

The names of those invited at the meetings of May 25 and July 5 
to become members of the New Testament Company were as follow : 
The Archbishop of Dublin, the Bishop of St. Andrews, Rev. Dr. 
Angus, Rev. Dr. David Brown, Rev. F. J. A. llort, Rev. Prebendary 
Humphry, Rev. Canon Kennedy, Ven. Archdeacon Lee, Rev. Dr. 
Lightfoot, Rev. Professor Milligan, Rev. Professor Moulton, Rev. Dr. 
Newman, Rev. l^fessor Newth, Rev. Dr. Roberts, Rev. G, Vance 
Smith, Rev. Dr. Scott (Master of Balliol College), Rev. Dr. Scriv- 
ener, Rev. Dr. Thompson (Master of Trinity College, Cambridge), 
Rev. Dr. Tregclles, Rev. Dr. Vaughan and Rev. Canon Westcott. 

Of this long list of names some declined to take the position 
offered to them, though in every case with a courteous and friendly 
recognition of the proffered honor. Among these were Canons Cook 
and Pusey, Dr. Thompson and Dr. Newman. The Bishop of Lin- 
coln and Dr. Jebb also soon afterwards resigned their places on the 
Old Testament Company. Of the New Testament Company (with 
which Ave are now more immediately concerned), it maybe here men- 
tioned that four were removed by death previous to the completion of 



10 HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE 

the work— viz., Dean Alford, Dr. Tregelles, Bishop Wilberforcc and 
Dr. Eadic. As Dr. Tregelles was never able to attend, and Bishop 
Wilberforce only attended once, their places were not filled np. 
The place of Dean Alford was supplied by Dean Merivale, who, 
after attending for a short time, resigned, and was succeeded by 
Professor Pahner, now Archdeacon of Oxford. The place of Dr. 
Eadie was not filled np, as his deatli took pUice at a time when 
much of the work was done. Tlic number of the working members 
of the New Testament Company was thus for the greater portion of 
the time twenty-four, and so continued to the close of the work. 

Thefij'st meeting of the IS'ew Testament Company took place on June 
32, 1870, under the presidency of the Bishop of GU:»ucester and Bristol, 
who held the position of chairman uninterrnptedly to the end of the 
ten years and a half over Avhich the labors of the revision extended. 
The titular chairman. Bishop Wilberforce, attended once for about a 
couple of hours ; but it became, even in tluit time, apparent to the 
Company, and perhaps was so to the Bislio^o himself, that a little 
lighter hand and looser rein were required to guide the Company 
pleasantly through the intricacies of criticism and scholarship in 
Avhich they were almost hourly finding themselves involved. The 
Bishop, however, remained a kind friend to the movement, wliich 
his own eloquence had so largely assisted, and was interested in it to 
the time of his lamented death. 

During the remainder of the year tlie work went quietly onward. 
The New Testament Company found an able and accurate secretary 
in the Rev. J. Troutbeck, one of the Minor Canons of Westminster, 
and soon became thoroughly organized and habituated to their com- 
plicated labors. In the second year of the work some difficulties that 
beset them were completely removed. The Delegates of the Oxford 
University Press and the Syndics of tlie Cambridge University Press 
entered into a liberal arrangement Avith the two Companies by which 
funds were regularly forthcoming for all their expenses. It may be 
remembei'ed that the revisers of IGll were by no means so fortunate, 
and that the way in which their expenses Avere met during the greater 
l^eriod of their labors was very far from sntisfactory. 

The year that followed was marked l)y an event of great importance 
to the cause of revision — the formation in America of two Committees * 
to co-operate with the two English Com}ianies. Into the details of this 
movement in America, all of which arc full of interest, our space will 
not now allow us to enter. In this more genci'al narrative it may be 
enough to say that on July 7, 1870, it was moved in the Lower House of 
Convocation by the present Prolocutor (Lord Alwyne Compton) that 

[*One committee, divided into two companies. — Ed.] 



ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON TvEVISION. H 

the Uj)per House should be requested to instruct the Committee of 
Convocation ''to invite the co-operation of some American divines." 
This was at once assented to by the Upper House. It Avas, we believe, 
afterwards unofficially agreed that Bishop Wilberforce and the Dean of 
Westminster should undertake to act for the Committee in opening- 
communications — the Bishop Avith the Episcopal Church, the Dean 
with the leading members of other communions. The result of 
this was that towards the close of 1871 two Committees were formed 
in America to communicate with the two English Companies on the 
basis of the rules that had been already laid down for the revisers in 
this country. Very soon afterwards portions of the first revision 
that had by tbat time been finished in England Avere transmitted to 
America, and a system of communication fully established. The 
Avork then Avent on continuously in both countries, the English 
Companies revising, and the American Committees revicAving Avhat 
Avas thus revised, and returning their suggestions, both as regards the 
first and the second revision, to the two Companies at Westminster. 
The volume that Avill be published this day will contain a list of 
readings and renderings iuAvhich the American divines ultimately dif- 
fer from the revisers in this country. When this list is fully con- 
sidered, the general reader will, Ave tliink, be surprised to find that 
the differences are really of such little moment, and in very many 
cases Avill probably wonder that tlie American divines thought it 
Avorth Avhile thus to formally record their dissent. 

Such is a brief sketch of the history of the movement. It may now 
be convenient to mention the manner in Avhich the actual Avork of 
revision Avas carried on by the Company. This Avill be more easily 
understood if avo specify the principal rules Avhicli were laid down at 
the commencement of the undertaking, and to Avhich allusion has 
already been made in the earlier part of this narrative. These rules 
Avere as follow : 

"1. To introduce as few alterations as possible in the text of the Authorised 
Version consistently with faithfulness. 

"2. To limit, as far as possible, the expression of such alterations to the lan- 
guage of the Authorised and earlier English, versions. 

" 3. Eacli Company to go twice over the portion to Ije revised, once provision- 
ally, the second time finally, and on principles of voting as hereinafter is pro- 
vided. 

"4. That the text to be adopted be that for which the evidence is decidedly 
preponderating ; and that wlienthe text so adopted differs from that from which 
the Authorised Version was made, the alteration be indicated in the margin. 

"5. To make or retain no change in the text on the second final revision by 
each Company except two-thirds of those present approve of the same, but on the 
first revision to decide by simple majorities. 

" G. In every case of proposed alteration that may have given jise to dis 



12 niSTOHICAL SKETCH OF THE 

cussioD, to defer the voting thereupon till the nest meeting, whensoever the 
same shall be required by one-third of those present at the meeting, sucli intended 
vote to be announced in the notice for the nest meeting. 

"7. To revise the headings of chapters, pages, paragraphs, italics, and 
punctuation. 

" 8. To refer, on the part of each Company, when considered desirable, to 
divines, scholars, and literary men, whether at home or abroad, for their 
opinions." 

In conformity with these rules the whole of the Authorised 
Version of the New Testament underwent a, first revision. This 
extended over six years. The results were arrived at, in accordance 
with rule 5, by simple majorities, the Authorised Version having no 
further advantage than this — that it was considered to be the form 
before the Company, and that in accordance with the system of 
voting in the House of Lords it was maintained if the votes Avere 
equal. This first revision was transmitted, portion by portion, to 
America, and returned Avith the suggestions of the American Com- 
mittee, their rules (as we have already implied) being the same as 
those laid down for the English Company. 

On the completion of the first revision, the whole was gone over 
again, with the advantage of the criticisms and suggestions of the 
American Committee, but the voting was under changed principles. 
The Authorised Version was placed in a position of distinct advantage, 
and if raised in competition with the first revision, Avhether English 
or American, could only be prevented from returning by two-thirds 
voting against it. Where there Avas a difference of reading in tlie 
Greek, then the rule of tAvo-thirds Avas not considered applicable, and 
the question Avas decided by a simple majority. Many renderings 
that had been removed from the Authorised Version Avere thus 
brought back again, though by no means to so large an extent as 
might have been beforehand supposed. The Company had been 
silently accumulating for itself a rough code of principles, and com- 
monly remained true to them, even Avhen the Authorised Version Avas 
raised in opposition to the ncAvly formed revision. Close and con- 
tinued inspection had also served to reveal that, admirable and 
thoroughly idiomatic as the Authorised Version might be, it Avas fre- 
quently very far from consistent : nay, even that it studiously affected 
a variety of diction Avhen there Avas nothing to justify it in the 
original. These and other considerations led to the maintenance of 
the first revision to a greater extent than at first seemed probable. 

The second revision, like the first, was communicated, portion by 
portion, to the American Committee, and by them returned Avith 
criticisms and suggestions. This, combined Avith the obvious neces- 
sity of endeavoring to preserve a harmony of rendering, as far as it 



ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON REVISION. 13 

was reasonable and possible, led to a further review of the whole 
woriv, under, however, this common-sense condition, that the now 
twice-revised version was not to be changed except by a majority of 
two-thirds. The Revised Version, in fact, then had the prerogative 
which had belonged to the Authorised Version at an earlier stage 
of the woi'k. 

Such in general outline was the course of tlie procedure. Fuller 
details will be found in the Preface, but the above fairly represents 
the broad principles on which the Eevised Version was constructed, 
and will probably suggest some confidence in the results. The 
Authorised Version had that supremacy assigned to it which the 
spirit of the rules absolutely required, and which, it may be said, the 
revisers Avere always ready most loyally to concede to it. The 
occasions, however, would of course be many in which the grave 
question of what constitutes ''faithfulness" (Rule 1) would be some- 
what differently interpreted by the individual members of a large 
company. A merely tentative revision, after which much would still 
remain to be done at a future time, would have been a grave mistake. 
This has certainly not been the case with the present work. Revision 
has been carried out to a ftiir and reasonable extent, but not, as it 
would appear, in any degree beyond it. 

The same remark applies in great measure to the critical work of 
the Company in connection with the Greek text, which, we are glad 
to find, is to be published in a clear and handsome form by the Uni- 
versity Press of Oxford. The principle in regard to textual criticism, 
it will be observed, was prescribed to be that of change only on " de- 
cidedly preponderating evidence." But here, as in the case of faith- 
fulness in regard to the rendering, it is obvious that the estimate of 
what really constitutes decidedly preponderating evidence will be 
widely different with equally honest and impartial critics. To one, 
the long array of uncial witnesses, even though it may be almost cer- 
tain that the mass of them were reproductions of some common 
exemplar, will seem clearly to constitute " decidedly preponderating 
evidence." To another, who may be guided by the well-known canon 
non numerare sed appendere, the concurrence of a comparatively small 
number of ancient authorities, representing independent textual tra- 
ditions, and found by* experience to be most worthy of credit, may be 
regarded, and justly regarded, as distinctly evidence of the nature 
referred to in the rule. It seems clear that this last was the prevail- 
ing interpretation given to the rule by the majority of the Company, 
so that, both in textual criticism as well as rendering, a decided line 
has been taken, and a standard maintained happily beyond that of a 
mere provisional and temporary revision. 



14 HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE 

There seems reason to believe that a close examination will show 
this to have been very consistently maintained, and that the evil of a 
text sometimes np to a good critical standard, and sometimes decidedly 
below it, has been snccessfnlly avoided. It might have been supposed 
from the action of the rule requiring two-thirds to reverse a reading 
supposed to underlie the Authorised Version, and, still more, from 
the necessarily fluctuating nature of the Company from month to 
month, and sometimes even from day to day, that such a standard 
could hardly have been maintained. It must, however, bo remem- 
bered that loyalty to principles already felt out would always tend to 
repress any disturbing use of the rule ; and, further, that, in spite of 
fluctuations, there was a stable element in the Company which greatly 
helped in keeping up its traditions and principles. The punctuality 
of attendance is, indeed, one of the most striking features of this un- 
dertaking ; and when the length of the time is considered, and the 
distances at which many of the members resided from the place of 
meeting, probably unexampled in the history of committees. Out of 
the 407 meetings the chairman attended 405 times. Some others 
reached also a very high standard ; and, of those who attended more 
than three-fourths of the whole series of meetings, the number 
amounted fully to one-third of the whole Company. The existence 
of this comparatively stable element has tended to preserve harmony 
and consistency, and will be found to have been an important element 
in the success which we believe has been achieved by the Avork. 

A very noticeable feature in the volume is the large amount of 
marginal notes. Of these some are short notes bearing on differences 
of reading in the Greek text adopted by the revisers, but the greater 
number are short notes specifying differences of rendering, which, 
either as having been preferred by a minority of the Company or as 
having been advocated by scholars of eminence, it seemed ])roper to 
specify. In the case of the Authorised Version it has often been said 
that the marginal note presents the rendering wliich was probably 
deemed by the revisers of tliat day to be really the most accurate. 
However this may be, the remark will not apply to the Kevised Ver- 
sion. The text adopted represents that rendering which was deemed 
by at least one-third of the Company then present to be correct in the 
case of maintaining a rendering of the Authorised Version, and of at 
least two-thirds in departing from it. The text, therefore, as is 
obviously most desirable, records plainly the opinion either of the 
actual clear majority of those who considered and discussed the ren- 
dering, or of that portion of them which constituted a legal majority. 
We have thus in the Revised Version a clear expression of an opinion, 
and are left in no uncertainty, as is sometimes the case in the Au- 



ENGLISH COMMITTEE OK REVISION, 15 

tliorised Version, a,s to tlie actnal meaning that is deemed to be con- 
veyed by the original Greek. 

The hist portion of tlie work of the revisers is the Preface, a care- 
fally constructed and elaborate document, in Avhich the principles on 
whicli the revision has been made are set fortli witli considerable ful- 
ness of detail. This i,mportant introduction to the study of the 
volume was thus constructed : it was prepared in draft by the chair- 
man several montlis before the conclusion of the work. A copy was 
sent round to each member inviting remarks and corrections. The 
copies so sent out were returned to the chairman, and formed the basis 
of a second and revised edition of tlie original draft. Tlie document 
so amended was finally considered by the whole body collectively, and, 
after careful revision, accepted as the anthoritative description of 
their work. It is to be hoped, in justice to the revision, that no 
formal criticisms will be passed on the labors of the Company nntil 
this careful and explicit document has been thoroughly mastered. If 
it teaches anything it will teach this — first, that the revision of a 
translation such as the Authorised Version is a work of almost in- 
superable difficulty ; secondly, that criticism, to be just, must not 
content itself with merely sporadic approval or disapproval of the 
renderings adopted, but must first intelligently master all the circum- 
stances, conditions, and modifying details of the highly complicated 
undertaking. 

What is stated by the revisers on the subject of alteratioris rendered 
necessary hy consequence is well worthy of the most careful attention. 
From the single example that is adduced it will readily be inferred 
what strong reasons there may be in the background for changes 
which a mere off-hand critic might condemn with some passing show 
of plausibility. A work executed with the obvious care and devotion 
to the subject whicli every paragraph of the revision abundantly dis- 
plays may, with justice, deprecate a criticism that has not taken equal 
pains to arrive at the true aspects of the passage or the circumstances 
under consideration. That there will be, especially at first, much 
criticism of a very precipitate nature is a matter of the most perfect 
certainty, but it is equally certain that criticism of this nature will 
not affect in the slightest degree the ultimate and probably slowly 
formed estimate of the present revision. 

What that estimate Avill finally be it would be now utterly prema- 
ture even to attempt to forecast. Our belief is that in the main it 
will be hxvorable, and the belief is founded upon the unquestionable 
fact that a body of competent scholars has bestowed extraordinary 
pains, for a lengthened period of time, on the revision alike of the 
text and the current rendering of the original. It seems contrary to 



IG HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE 

experience that such carefully organized efforts should ultimately fail. 
It is quite probable that here and there throughout the volume par- 
ticular renderings will be objected to on reasons that will be ultimately 
considered valid ; and it is to be hoped that where such should be the 
case nothing will prevent the revisers from reconsidering their former 
decisions. This, as we know, took place in the case of the Bishops' 
Bible of 15G8, and may properly take place, if found necessary, in the 
Convocation Testament of 1881. What is desired on all hands is, 
not only a technically correct rendering, but one also that by its dic- 
tion, rhythm, and loyal adherence, where possible, to the version 
now in use should commend itself to the religious judgment of Eng- 
lish-speaking people throughout the Avorld. 

[Then follows an editorial criticism of the Revised New Testament.] 



CONVOCATION OF CANTEEBURY. 

May 17, 1881. 

On Tuesday both Houses of the Convocation of the Province of 
Canterbury met at Westminster for the despatch of business. 

THE UPPER HOUSE. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury presided over the Upper House, 
which met in the Board-room of Queen Anne's Bounty Office. There 
were present the Bishop of London, the Bishop of Gloucester and 
Bristol, the Bishop of St. Alban's, the Bishop of Hereford, the 
Bishop of Exeter, the Bishop of St. Asaph, the Bishop of Truro, the 
Bishoj) of Lichfield, the Bishop of Rochester, the Bishop of St. 
David's, the Bishop of Chichester, the Bishop of Ely, the Bishop of 
Bath and Wells, the Bishop of Bangor, and the Bishop of Llandaif. 

The Archbishop read a message, which he had ordered to be sent 
to the Lower House, to the effect that his Grace the President desired 
the attendance of the Prolocutor and such members of the Lower 
House as could conveniently attend to receive the report on tiie 
revision of the Scriptures. 

In obedience to this message the Prolocutor (Lord Alwyne Compton) 
and a very large number of members of the Lower House attended. 

The Archbishop, addressing them, said, — 

" I have requested the ])resence of the Prolocutor and sucli of the members of 
the Lower House who might wish to take part in this solemnity, as I regard it as 
a matter of great importance for you to hear now what are the results of the 
deliberations of the body who for many years have been engaged upon the 
solemn and onerous task of a revision of the Holy Scriptures in the English 



ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON REVISION. 17 

tongue. The first report — that upon the New Testament — is to be presented to- 
day. We have good reason for believing and lioping that at no far distant date 
we sliall have the second report^that upon the Old Testament ; but to-day you 
will have only the first, and I have to call vipon the Bishop of Gloucester and 
Bristol, who is the chairman of the Joint Committee on the Kevision, to lay the 
report before you." 

The Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol presented the following 
report : — 

" The Joint Committee of tlie two Houses of Convocation, appointed May 5. 
1870, for the revision of the Authorised Version of the Holy Scriptures, beg 
leave to report that, with the assistance of the scholars and divines whose 
co-operation they were authorised to invite, they have completed one portion of 
their labors, — viz., the New Testament, — and now present the volume containing 
the same to his Grace in Convocation." 

His Lordship then expressed his deep thankfulness for the mercies vouchsafed 
to the Committee during the long time in which they had been engaged in the 
solemn and important task committed to their care ; and he expressed also his 
hope that the blessing of God would further rest upon those labors, and that the 
Holy Scriptures would more and more be brought to the hearts and homes of 
every English-speaking people. 

The Archbishop, addressing the Lower House, said that he had thought the 
occasion should not be allowed to pass without his expressing, on behalf of this 
Convocation, the deep thanks of both Houses to the Committee who had under- 
taken and carried out this work. Of course, this work had not yet been examined, 
and the Houses had yet to examine the revision in detail ; but, nevertheless, the 
House would be thankful to the Committee for their labors. (Hear, hear.) 

The Lower House then retired to their own chamber. 

The Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol then rose and said, — 

"I have now the honor and responsibility of placing before your lordships a 
portion of the important work assigned by Convocation eleven years ago to a 
joint committee of the two Houses of this province. I now lay upon your lord- 
ships' table the revision of the Authorised Version of the New Testament as 
completed by the Company of which I have the honor to be the chairman. In 
placing before you such a work, so intimately connected with the past, and so 
closely bound up with the noblest labors of former centuries, it is not possible for 
me to leave unnoticed in such a speech as the present the various public efforts 
of which this is the last that, for well-nigh 350 years, have had for their object 
the setting forth, in the tongue wherein we were born, of the holy and inspired 
words of the written Book of Life. I must therefore ask your lordships to 
bear with me if I briefly allude to the various stages in the progress of the 
great work, and especially to the share which this House of Convocation has had 
in aiding and furthering the labors of the translators and revisers of the past. 
That share has not been a large one. Convocation, till this last revision, has 
never taken any prominent part in reference to the successive translations of the 
Holy Scriptures. Nay, at times, I fear, it has shown itself hostile and reaction- 
ary. Still it has its history in reference to the English Bible ; and now to that 
history, as well as to the other movements that have publicly been made, I will 



18 HISTOEICAL SKETCH OF THE 

at once very briefly advert. We must look back 350 years. Tyndale's version 
of the New Testament had come over to this kingdom, and had been about four 
years in private but wide-spread circulation. The souls of men were profoundly 
stirred, and the desire to have at length the word of God in our own mother- 
tongue was vivid and universal. The first public action on the part of the Church 
was, I grieve to say, to condemn that version which was the bone and sinew of all 
that have followed it, Tyndale's translation of the New Testament. At a Coun- 
cil held at Westminster, under Archbishop Warham, in May, 1530, that version 
was condemned, but we may be thankful also to remember that it was agreed 
that the Archbishop should send out a document to be read by all preachers, in 
which the King's promise that the Scriptures should be translated in English 
■was fully set forth. Four eventful years then passed away. The King's suprem- 
acy was acknowledged the next year, and the first steps taken for emancipat- 
ing this country from the tyranny of Rome. In 1534 the subject of the transla- 
tion of the Scriptures was renewed, and on the 19th of December in that year 
this Upper House of Convocation agreed that the Archbishop should, in the 
name of the members of the House, ' make instance with the King that Holy 
Scripture should be translated into the vulgar tongue.' Cranmer at once set 
about the work : he appears to have sent portions of Tyndale's Testament to 
several bishops for review and revision. The bishops, it would seem, all re- 
turned their revisions ; but, from some cause or other, it miscarried. The next 
year (1535) Coverdale's ti-anslation, dedicated to the King, stole into this country, 
and was allowed to circulate, though not formally licensed till 1537. The prayer 
of Convocation was thus still before the country. It was not directly granted, 
but it appears to have had this indirect effect, that, not more than three years 
afterwards, the royal license was given to the second edition of Coverdale's 
Bible, and to Rogers' or Matthews' Bible, and that two years later, in 153!), the 
Great Bible was published, of which Coverdale was the sole editor. This was 
an event of great importance, and may be regarded, in a certain sense, as the 
practical answer to the prayer of Convocation three years before. Convocation, 
however, I regret to say, was by no means satisfied with the answer, as very 
soon afterwards, in February, 1542, it was decided by this House that the Great 
Bible should be revised according to the Bible then in current use, or, in other 
words, to the Vulgate. Two committees were appointed. The Old Testament 
Committee was presided over by the Archbishop of York ; the New Testament 
Committee by the Bishop of Durham. The matter was subsequently re- 
ferred by the King to the Universities, but in the sequel it happily fell 
through. A generation then passed away. The Great Bible had meanwhile 
been revised, though in a very different manner to what the Convocation 
of 1543 had hoped for and had attempted. It had now passed, by the process of 
a revision, performed by several hands, into the Bishops' Bible. The Genevan 
version had also been pa'olished, and was obtaining so wide a circulation that in 
1571 Convocation made a special enactment in favor of what it deemed the more 
orthodox volume — the Bishops' Bible. Every Bishop was to have a copy in his 
palace. Cathedrals, and, as far as possible, parish churches, were to provide 
themselves with this last authoritative revision. Somewhere about this time 
there appears to have been some thought of a movement in Parliament, as an un- 
dated paper has been found among the archives of the House of Lords, contain- 
ing the sketch of a bill for 'reducing diversities of Bibles now extant in the 
English tongue to one settled vulgar translated from the original.' Another 
generation then passed away, during the whole of which three versions were in 



ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON REVISION. 19 

practically competitive circulation — the Great Bible, the Genevan version, and 
the Bishops' Bible. In Convocation there seems to have been some little reaction 
in favor of the Great Bible, for ia May, 1G04, Canon 80 was passed, by which it 
was provided that every church-warden wa, to provide for each parish a Bible 
' amplisslmi voluminis,' or, as it would certainly seem to imply, the Great Bible 
of more than sixty years before. But a great and signal change was now very 
near at hand. In February of the same year (1604) a passing remark of Dr. 
Reynolds at the Hampton Court Conference led the King seriously to take up the 
subject of a revision of the existing translations, and before the conference broke 
up it appeared as one of the points desired by the King, and, in fact, carried 
at his instigation, viz., ' That a translation be made of the whole Bible as con- 
sonant as can be to the original Hebrew and Greek.' This was the fundamental 
resolution, and, as we well know, by the action of the King and some unknown 
but most competent advisers, learned men were called together, and the great 
work which we familiarly know by the name of the Authorised Version was set 
forth to the Church and the world in the year of our Lord 1611. In reference 
to this version nothing was said or done either in Convocation or Parliament. 
This revision is to be attributed solely to the King and to the wise and 
learned men whom he was providentially able to call together for the 
execution of this great and time-honored work. More than a generation 
then passed away, during which the Authorised Version was steadily growing 
in public favor and vindicating year by year its distinct superiority not 
only over the Bishops' Bible, but over the popular Genevan Bible. And it 
was, perhaps, owing to this last fact that we find Dr. Lightfoot urging, in a ser- 
mon preached before the House of Commons in August, 1645, the desirableness 
of a revision of the Scriptures, and apparently with some effect ; for, in 1653, a 
bill was actually introduced for a new revision. Some preparatorv steps were 
taken ; but happily the Parliament — the Long Parliament — was dissolved, and 
the plan entirely fell thi-ough. For two hundred years all desire for any further 
authoritative revision had entirely died out. There were revised portions of Holy 
Scripture, in this long interval, by individual scholars, but nothing that in any 
degree helped forward the present movement. At the end of this long period, 
however, it was plain that the desire for a new revision had revived, and that the 
subject was beginning to take its place among the leading questions of the day. 
In the year 1856, which might rightly be characterized as the germinal year of the 
present movement, Canon Selwyn (ever a true and warm supporter of revision) 
moved in Convocation, and Mr. Hey wood a few months afterwards moved in Par- 
liament, for the appointment of a Royal Commission to consider the whole ques- 
tion. The public movements failed ; but a private movement made by five clergy- 
men (one of whom is the present speaker, and another my right rev. brother the 
Bishop of Salisbury) in great measure succeeded. The publication in the follow- 
ing year (1857) of a revised version of the Gospel of St. John by these five clergy- 
men was generally admitted to have established these two positions — (1) that a 
sober and conservative revision of the Holy Scriptures might in due time very 
hopefully be undertaken ; (2) that when undertaken it would be, almost beyond 
doubt, on the principles which this little company of scholars had gradually and 
experimentally felt out. The time, however, was not then ripe, though the process 
of maturation had commenced. So half a generation passed away. Fresh critical 
subsidies were accumulating ; new exegetical works were multiplying ; and at 
last the time was ripe, and the great movement with which Convocation has been 
so intimately connected began in February, 1870, and shortly after assumed an 



20 HISTOEICAL SKETCH OF THE 

authoritative and practical form. lu that raontli, as your lordships well remem- 
ber, the late Bishop of Winchester moved in this House, and the present .speaker 
seconded, a preliminary resolution, which was accepted by both Houses practi- 
cally unanimously, and acted upon in little more than four months afterwards. 
An executive committee was formed ; some forty scholars and divines outside Con- 
vocation were invited to take part in the work. Two Companies -were formed, 
the one for the Old Testament and the other for the New Testament, and both at 
once addressed themselves to their long and responsible work. Soon afterwards 
two Committees were formed in America, and regular and systematic communi- 
cation establisbed between the scholars on this side and the other side of the 
Atlantic. The New Testament Company commenced its labors on June 22, 1870, 
and closed them on November 11, 1880, and the result of those labors is the vol- 
ume which I have had the honor and respdbsibility of placing upon the table of 
this venerable House. And here I might, not improperly, close this present 
address ; yet, if I rightly interpret my present duty, and perhaps also the wishes 
and desires of your lordships, I ought not to do so on this somewhat memorable 
occasion without saying a few words on the manner in which the task committed 
to us has been done, and also a few words, but only a few words, on the nature 
and characteristics of the revision. In regard of the manner in which the work 
of revision was carried on, I may remind your lordships that it was in accordance 
with rules which had been laid down at the commencement of the work. They 
were framed with due regard to modern requirements and ancient precedents, 
being in many respects identical with the rules prescribed for the revisers of 1611, 
and the rules which appear to have been observed by those who took part in the 
Bishops' Bible fifty years before. These rules were constantly tested, and, I am 
thankful to say (for I was in some measure responsible for them), proved efficient 
and sufficient to the end. These rules it may, perhaps, be convenient that I should 
read to your lordships, as they set forth in a succinct form the course which was 
to be followed by the Companies in the prosecution of their work : — (1) To intro- 
duce as few alterations as possible into the text of the Authorised Version con- 
sistently with faithfulness. (2) To limit, as far as possible, the expression of such 
alterations to the language of the Authorised and earlier English versions. (3) 
Eacli Company to go twice over the portion to be revised, once provisionally, the 
second time finally, and on principles of voting as hereinafier is provided. (4) 
That the text to be adopted be that for which the evidence is decidedly prepon- 
derating ; and that when the text so adopted differs from that from which the 
Authorised Version was made, the alteration be indicated in the margin. (5) To 
make or retain no change in the text on the second and final revision by each 
Company except two-thirds of those present approve of the same, but on the first 
revision to decide by simple majorities. (C) In every case of projjosed alteration 
that may have given rise to discussion, to defer the voting thereupon till the next 
meeting, whensoever the same shall be required by one-third of those present at 
the meeting, such intended vote to be announced in the notice for the next 
meeting. (7) To revise the headings of chapters, pages, paragraphs, italics, and 
punctuation. (8) To refer, on the part of each Company, when considered 
desirable, to divines, scholars, and literary men, whether at home or abroad, 
for their opinions. Of these rules, one only was found to be superfluous— 
the rule which prescribes that, if re<]uired by one- third of the Company, the 
voting might be deferred on any difficult and debated question till the following 
day. The object was to prevent any lingering heut of controversy having any 
influence on the final decision, and to insure a perfectly calm and, as far as pos- 



ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON KEVISION. 21 

ibie, unbiased decision. The rule, however, was never put in action. By the 
mercy and blessing of God, no occasion ever arose which made it in any degree 
necessary. Amid ceaseless differences of opinion and countless divisions, the 
brotherly feeling and harmony that prevailed among us remained unimpaired to 
the very end, and rendered all such postponement of the final expression of 
opinion wholly unnecessary. All the rest of these rules, as our preface will show 
more fully in detail, were very carefully observed. They were felt by us to pre- 
sent three broad principles, upon which I will venture to make a few observa- 
tions, as tending to illustrate that on which I now am speaking — the manner in 
which we have endeavored to execute our work. In the first place, we have felt 
that what was required of us, not only in the criticism and translation, but in all 
the details of the revision, was to express a corporate and collective judgment. 
It is this which distinguishes our work from every other revision that has pre- 
ceded it. It has been the work of a large body of men. sitting together, and 
arriving at their results after full corporate discussion. This, as we know, was 
not the case with the Bishops' Bible. Our latest historian of the English ver- 
sions of the Bible (Dr. Eadie) reminds us not only that there was no consultation 
among the revisers, but even no final supervision. We have no reason for think- 
ing that it was otherwise with the Genevan Bible, which, though the work of 
persons dwelling for a time in the same city, does not present any traces of hav- 
ing been executed or discussed in common. The first edition, indeed, of the New 
Testament is known to have been the work of a single hand. Even in our 
Authorised Version the work of revision was carried on, in the case of the New 
Testament, by two separate companies, that only communicated their results to 
each other, but never discussed them In common. In the final supervision, 
which, however, only lasted nine months for the whole Bible, the discussion was 
probably corporate, but It was only by a small number, and, from the very nature 
of the case, was probably more of a merely harmonising nature than a revision 
in the true sense of the word. In our case it has been utterly different. Revis- 
ion and supervision have been carried through by the whole Company. Every 
detail has been submitted to It ; every decision has emanated from it ; every 
judgment rests solely upon its authority. The volume now lying upon your 
lordships' table is the result, in every part and portion, of united and corporate 
discussion. And If this was our first principle, not less strictly observed was 
our second principle — viz., to express that corporate judgment with precision 
and distinctness. I do not think there will be found in the whole volume the 
faintest trace of a rendering which would adjust itself to one or other of two 
competing views of the meaning of the original Greek. Our rule was invariably 
to put in the text the judgment of the majority, and that of the minority In the 
margin, that majority and minority being of the nature defined by the rules. 
There is thus nowhere any uncertain sound. Nor is there any ground whatever 
for supposing, as is sometimes the case in the Authorised Version, that the mar- 
gin Is the more correct rendering, which, for some reason or the other, It was not 
deemed desirable to place In the text. However It may be with the Authorised 
Version, it is certainly not so with the Revised. The text expresses the render- 
ing or the decision of the majority of the Company — that which it deliberately 
preferred ; the margin expresses the view of the minority, and is to be so re- 
garded by the reader. Our third principle was not only to express our corporate 
judgment with clearness, but to do so only after the fullest and most varied con- 
sideration. There is not a hastily arrived at judgment to be found In any page 
of the Revised Version. No precipitate decision has any place whatever In the 



22 HISTOEICAL SKETCH OF THE 

results that are now submitted to you. When I mention that the work lias actu- 
ally gone through seven revisions I feel that I am justified in making the state- 
ment which I have just made to your lordships in regard to the decisions arrived 
at in tliis volume. Yes, my lords, seven revisions, all more or less thorough and 
complete. First, the whole of the version committed to the Company was revised 
by it, and then transmitted to America. It was then reviewed by the American 
Committee, and returned back again to England. It then underwent, in accord- 
ance with the rules, a second revision in England, and was again transmitted to 
America. After these four revisions it yet underwent a fifth revision in England, 
mainly with a view of removing any hardness of diction, or of remedying any 
rhythmical defects which might have been introduced through the various 
changes which liad been imported in the course of this fourfold revision. There 
was yet a sixth and most important revision in the form of a harmonizing review 
of the whole, thus far, completed work. A Greek concordance of the New 
Testament was divided into fourteen parts. Of these, twelve of the members 
most constant in their attendance each took a part (the chairman taking two), and 
made themselves individually responsible for a close examination of all the ren- 
derings of the words, each in the portion allotted to them. All varieties of ren- 
dering were thus brought up before the Company, and wheresoever necessary the 
judgment of the collective body formally taken upon them. Thus there was a 
sixth revision. And even, in a certain sense, a seventh ; for it so happened that 
one of the two portions taken by the chairman contained the article and the rela- 
tive pronouns. This involved on the part of the chairman a careful reading 
through, line by line, of the whole volume. This reading revealed several incon- 
sistencies in the use of the English relative that had escaped notice, and also 
disclosed a few slight inconsistencies in other words or expressions which had in 
some way or other eluded the vigilance of the revisers. Wlien I add to this that 
throughout all this lengthened process the attendance was most remarkable in 
regard to numbers and punctuality — the average attendance during the whole 
ten and a half years being as high as sixteen out of twenty-four — I think I may 
be justified when I say that the third principle at which wo aimed — the expres- 
sion of opinions only after the fullest and most varied consideration — was thor- 
oughly and faithfully observed. I now pass, in the last place, to a few remarks 
on the nature and characteristics of the version itself, which is now lying on our 
table. Much I need not say, as the Preface which is prefixed to the volume really 
tells this with a fulness and a detail that leave little to be added on the present oc- 
casion. Perhaps, as before, it may be best for me to gather up my remarks into the 
form of two or three general comments. Permit me, then, to say that tliese three 
characteristics will certainly be found on every page of the Revised Version — 
thoroughness, loyalty to the Authorised Version, and due recognition of the best 
judgments of antiquity. Our version is certainly thorough — thorough both in 
regard of the text and the rendering. That thoroughness, as your lordships 
will remember from the rules which I but recently read to you, was to be reg- 
ulated by the principle of faithfulness in regard of the translation and a due 
regard to decidedly preponderating evidence in the case of the Greek text 
which we regarded as the basis of our rendering. Faithfulness and decidedly 
preponderating evidence are, of course, both of them expressions which admit 
of a great variety of interpretations, and, in a numerous body like that of the 
New Testament Company, were certain to receive them. Without troubling 
your lordships with any enumeration of these varying shades of opinion, it may 
be sufficient to mention, as the general result, that the revision both of the Greek 



ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON REVISION". 23 

text and of the Authorised translation has been thorough and up to a full stand- 
ard of correction. And it would have been a great misfortune if it had been 
otherwise. A timid revision that had not the nerve to aim at comparative finality, 
but was simply suggestive of a renewal of the process when the public mind 
might be judged to be again ready for it, would have had a very unsettling 
effect, and really would have frustrated the very progress that it contemplated ; 
for such a kind of revisiou would be used as a standing argument against 
any revision at all. Moreover, to modify a high standard, in some subsequent 
review, is a process comparatively easy ; but to elevate a lower and tentative 
standard, in the case of a translation of the New Testament, would be found, if 
attempted, a work of such peculiar difficulty that it would be very speedily aban- 
doned. No such misfortune has happened to the Revised Version. It represents 
as full a measure of correction as is required by faithfulness, fairly estimated, 
but nothing beyond it. The minor changes by which it is marked are certainly 
numerous, but all have only one common object- -the setting forth with greater 
clearness, force, and freshness the language and teaching of the inspired original. 
Eleven years ago I alarmed your lordships by the estimate which I then formed 
of the amount of change that would be needed ; and, I remember, I led my 
brother of Salisbury to say that my words would frighten people from one end 
of the land to the other. If the estimate was deemed to be alarming, I fear I 
may alarm your lordships still more when I state the actual results and compare 
them with what was then only anticipated. I comfort myself, however, with the 
thought that when you go to the revision itself these alarms will speedily be 
dissipated. What I stated as the very lowest estimate was six changes for every 
five verses, one of these sis changes being for critical and textual reasons. What 
has actually taken place is an average for the Gospels of between eight and 
nine changes in every five verses — somewhere about one and a half, or three in 
every ten verses, being for critical changes. As might be expected, the average 
for the Epistles is still higher. It appears to amount to about fifteen changes for 
every five verses — one and a half as before being due to critical changes. I have 
formed this calculation on a rigidly accurate examination of the revised version 
of the Sermon on the Mount and the General Epistle of St. James, two con- 
nected portions of Holy Scripture containing each about the same number of 
verses. Yet, with all this thoroughness of revision and numerically high 
standard of correction, the effect to the general hearer or reader will really 
hardly be perceptible. This is due to the second characteristic of our version, 
its persistent loyalty to the Authorised translation. To any candid reader 
nothing will be more patent than this throughout the whole volume. Our 
words in the Preface will show the great reverence that we have ever felt for 
that venerable version, and our practice on every page will show how, even 
when words may have been changed, our reverence has shown itself in such a 
careful assimilation to the tone and rhythm of that marvellous translation that 
the actual amount of change will scarcely ever be felt or recognized. Some- 
times this has been effected by the choice of a word of the same rhythmic quality 
as that which is displaced ; sometimes by a fortunate inversion ; sometimes by 
the reproduction of a familiar and idiomatic turn ; sometimes by the preser- 
vation of the cadence even when more than one of the words which had 
originally helped to make it up had become modified or changed. In a word, 
our care throughout has been, while faithfully carrying out revision whereso- 
ever it might seem needed, to make the new work and the old so blend to- 
gether that the venerable aspect of the Authorised Version might never be 



24 HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE 

lost, and its fair proportions never sacrificed to the rigidity of a merely pedantic 
accuracy. The third characteristic of the version — due recognition of the best 
judgments of antiquity — though not equally patent, will, I hope and believe, 
rarely be looked for in vain. In all more difficult passages we have ever given 
especial heed to the great early versions, and to the voice, wherever it could 
he heard in the same language as that which we were translating, of primi- 
tive and patristic antiquity. In many of those passages, perhaps, on which 
hereafter we may be most severely criticised — as, for instance, in the ' deliver 
us from the Evil One ' of the Lord's Prayer — it will be found that we are but 
reproducing that which had always been the interpretation of the best and 
earliest writers of the Greek-speaking Primitive Church. We have thus sought 
to tread the old paths as well as the new, and, while never neglecting modern schol- 
arship, have never reversed old interpretations without such a clear amount of 
contextual or linguistic authority as rendered such a reversal a matter of distinct 
and indisputable faithfulness. But, ray lords, I must detain you no longer. Such, 
in general outline, is the Revision which I now have the honor of placing before 
you. Whatever may be its faults and shortcomings, it has been done faithfully, 
and it has been done prayerfully. Its pages bear the results of long-continued 
and arduous labors ; but those labors would have been as nothing if they had 
not Ijeen hallowed and quickened by prayer. Such is this revision of 1881 ; not 
unworthy, I trust and believe, to take its place among the great English versions 
of the past ; not also without the hope of holding a place among them of honor, 
and, perhajjs, even of pre-eminence. But those things belong to the future. 
For the present, it is enough that I commend this volume to the favorable con- 
sideration of your ]ord.ships, and ask for it your fatherly prayers." 

The Archbishop, on behalf of the House, recorded thanks to those members of 
the Revision Committee who were not appointed by Convocation, and his Grace 
also expressed his opinion that the House was very fortunate in having had 
the advantage of the services of a scholar such as the Bishop of Gloucester 
and Bristol to lake part on belialf of the House in this revision. (Hear, 
hear.) 

The Bishop of London expressed his hope that the position this Revised 
Version would take would not be misunderstood. He feared that this position 
had been misunderstood. The Revised Version had been spoken of as if it would 
at once take the place of the Authorised Version. He begged to remind the 
House that no one could at present use this Revised Version. When the whole 
work was completed it would go out to the public and would be before the Church 
for consideration ; it might be years before the proposed alterations from the 
Authorised Version had so approved themselves to the Churcii — both clergy and 
laity— that steps could be taken to give authority for the use of the Revised 
Version. However, it must be understood that the Revised Version could not 
now be used in the churches, lie begged to express the hope that there might 
not be, for the next two or three years, frequent speaking and discussion by 
young clergymen, especially by those who most probably could not construe the 
original, on the proposed alterations set forth. A great deal of patient study 
ought to precede any attempt at criticism of the proposed alterations, and clergy- 
men—young clergymen especially- who had little knowledge of the original, 
should be careful not too readily to express an opinion as to tlie superiority of the 
one version over the other. The real jiurpose and value of the revision was that 
it laid before the Church and the laity alil^e the opinions of ripe scholars and of 



ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON" KEVISION. 25 

tlie ancient Church, and the result was an exceedingly valuable one, upon which, 
however, no opinion could be given until after full study and with adequate 
knowledge. The House would be thankful for the work which, under the bleps- 
ing of God, had thus been carried out — a work, however, which did not supersede 
that version of the Scriptures which all English-speaking Christians had learnt 
to esteem and love. (Hear, hear.) 



OKGANIZATION OF THE AMEKICAN COMMITTEE. 



ORGANIZATION 

OF 

THE AMERICAN COMMITTEE. 

CORRESPO^fDE^fCE FROM JULY, 1870, TO DECEMBER, 1873. 



[Letter of Dr. Angus to Dr. ScliafE.] 

College, Eegent's Park, London, June 9, 1881. 
My Dear Dr. Schaff : 

I enclose a copy of Dr. Ellicott's letter, as you request, and a 
copy of a letter I sent to Dr. Woolsey and others from New York 
early in Aug". 1870. Your proposed rules you no doubt have. 
The Eeport to the Bishop and his approval thereof I can hardly 
send : on my return I put it all into Dean Stanley's hands, who has 

corresponded with you. The details have great interest 

It w.ill give us pleasure to see you on our side again. 

Yours, 

Joseph Angus. 



[Letter of Bishop EUicott to Rev. Dr. Angus.] 
{Copy.) 

Portland Place, Loudon, July 20 [1870J. 
Dear Dk. Angus : 

As you do me the favor of asking me, I take the responsi- 
bility, as acting chairman of the New Testament Company of the 
revision body, herewith to commend you as one of our most 
trusty helpers to the scholars in the United States who may be 
interested in the undertaking. Perhaps you will kindly explain 
to them how we work, viz., round a common table, and how it is 
thus difficult for us to incorporate our brethren across the water. 
It will, however, be very easy for us to transmit our work in its 
provisional state to an authorised committee in the United 
States, and pay all attention to the corrections they may sug- 
gest and the observations they may be pleased to offer. We 
shall be very interested in hearing when you come back how you 
may have arranged. 

29 



30 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

Pray give my respectful compliments to auy scholars with 
wliom you may confer, and believe me very sincerely, 

Yours, 
C. J. Gloucester and Beistgl. 

[Bishop Ellicott, Chairman of the N. T. Company.'] 



[Letter of Dr. Angus ro American Scholars. — Sent out in August, 1870.] 

My Dear Sir : 

I am not sure whether you have seen the enclosed plan of 
Bible revision [the rules, etc., of the English Company]. The 
method adopted of having the work done by each Companj' 
together makes it impracticable to ask the co-operation of 
brethren in America at the initial stage of their proceeding : 
but there is a strong and general feeling among the revisers that 
we should get their co-operation to the extent at least of securing 
their criticisms and suggestions before our revision is finally 
published. Could you help in such a work by looking over the 
revision as we prepare it, and giving suggestions? If a com- 
mittee of a dozen or eighteen were formed in the States, we could 
send the copy of the revise to each, and they might meet and 
agree on suggestions. If meetings are impracticable, we might 
still obtain individual judgments; but the plan of a united judg- 
ment has obvious advantages. The expense of such meetings 
would not be great: and probably it might be met by friends 
interested in our work. In England the revisers give their time 
and labor ; and we propose to meet the expenses of printing and 
travelling by an appeal to the English public. Expenses in 
America might be met in a like way ; or we might acid these 
expenses to ours, and meet them all out of a common fund. I 
had hoped to confer with you on this subject during the JST. Y. 
Alliance meetings. They, however, are postponed, and I must 
therefore trust largely to correspondence. Bishop Ellicott (our 
acting chairman) gives me an introduction and asks me to obtain 
such help as I am now writing about. 

Dr. Schaff and Dr. Conant agree to help either individually or 
in committee. When you have thought the matter over, favor 
me with a reply addressed to the Alliance Kooms, Bible House, 

New York. 

Yours very sincerely, 

Joseph Angus. 



AMERICAlSr BIBLE REVISIOIS^ COMMITTEE. 31 

[Letter of Dr. Scliaff to Dr. Angus, President of Regent's Park Colleo-e, 
London, and Member of the Commission for tlie Revision of the English 
Bible.] 

New York, Aug. 18, 1870. 
My Dear Dr. Angus : 

In compliance with your request, at our recent interview,-' I beg 
leave to submit to you and to Bishop Ellicott the results of my 
thoughts on the important subject of American co-operation with 
the British Commission appointed by the Convocation of Canter- 
bury, May 6th, 1870, for the Revision of the Authorised Version 
of the Holy Scriptures. 

SUGGESTIONS. 

1. The members of the American Committee to be invited by 
the British Committee from the best Biblical scholars of the 
leading evangelical denominations of the United States, with 
power to add to their number and to supply their vacancies. 

2. The American Committee to co-operate with the British Com- 
mittee on terms of fraternal equality and on the basis of the prin- 
ciples and rules adopted by the Convocation of Canterbury and 
the British Committee. 

3. The British Committee to submit to the American Commit- 
tee, from time to time, parts of theu* work as they have passed 
the first revision, and the American Committee to submit their 
suggestions to the British Committee for the second revision. 

4. A joint meeting of both Committees to be held, if possible, 
in London or New York, for the final revision. 

5. The expenses of the American Committee to be met by the 
American friends of revision. 

6. The following names of American scholars are suggested as 
being most likely to secure the universal confidence of the 
churches they represent :t 

* [Dr. Angus visited the United States as a delegate to the Sixth General Con- 
ference of the Ev^angelical Alliance, wliicb was to be held in New York, Sept., 
1870, but was postponed, on account of the Franco-German war, to the autumn 
of 1873. He had several personal interviews with Dr. Schaflf, and requested him 
to draw up apian of co-operation and a list of revisers, and to address him at Chi- 
cago on his Western journey. Dr. Angus visited the United States again in 1873, 
and met the American revisers when they were at work in the Bible House.] 

f It is expected that, in addition to the names here suggested, the British Com- 
mittee will select and invite some bishops and divines of the Protestant Episco- 
pal Church of the United States to co-operate with the American Committee. 
This list, therefore, is designedly incomplete. 



32 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

A. For the Old Testament Company. 

Prof. Green, D.D., Theol. Seminary at Princeton, N. J. (Pres- 
byterian). 

Dr. Conant, Brooklyn, N. Y. (Baptist). 

Dr. Van Dyck, Am. B. C. F. M., Beyrut, Syria, translator of the 
Arabic Bible. 

Dr. Whedon, Ed. " Metli. Quarterly Review," New York (Metli.). 

Prof. Tayler Lewis, Union Col., Schenectady, N. Y. (Ref'd). 

Prof. Day, D.D., Yale Col., New Haven (Congregationalist). 

Prof. Mead, D.D., Andover, Mass. (Congregationalist). 

B. For the New Testament Comimny. 

President Woolsey, Yale Col., New Haven (Congregationalist). 

Eev. Dr. Washburn, New Y^ork (Episcopalian). 

Prof. Henry B. Smith, D.D., orProf. "WiUiam G. T. Shedd, D.D., 
Union Theol. Sem., N. Y. (Presbyterian). 

Prof. Hackett, D.D., or Prof. Kendrick, D.D., Piochester Theol. 
Sem., N. Y. (Baptist). 

Prof. Chas. Krauth, D.D., Univ. of Pa., Phila. (Lutheran). 

Prof. Charles Hodge, D.D., Princeton, N. J. (Presbyterian). 

Prof. Strong, S.T.D., Drew Sem., Madison, N. J. (Methodist). 

Eev. Dr. Stowe, Hartford, Conn. (Congregationalist). 

This hst, however, should be kept subject to revision before a 
formal appointment is made. 

Hoping that your visit to this country will result in the com- 
plete success of your mission in regard to this important subject, 

I am yours very truly, 

Philip Schaff. 

Rev. Dr. Joseph Angus, now at Chicago. 



[Dr. Angus to Dr. Schaff.] 

London, Aug. 15, 1881. 
My Dear Feiend : 

* * * I greatly fear there is no document earlier than the 
Bishop's letter, which I sent you. Convocation authorized this 
Committee to correspond and arrange with foreign scholars. 
That resolution was pubHshed as part of the original programme. 
When I was visiting the States in 1870 I spoke to the Bishop of 



AMERICAIN^ BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 38 

Gloucester, our acting chairman, and said that if I could help on 
our work on your side I would gladly do so. This note was the 
result. I had previously had a large amount of consultation with 
him on various questions : my speaking to him on the matter was 
very informal. On my return I presented my report, and then 
Dean Stanley, as a member of the original Committee, took up the 
matter and corresponded with you. Meanwhile, the lawyers de- 
clared that our Company (not the Committee of Convocation) 
alone had power over our work, so that the correspondence was 
between your Companies and ours. That correspondence you 
have, and any resolutions in relation to it (which are very few 
however,) are on otir minutes, which minutes are now deposited 
in the Lambeth Library. 

The note I sent you, therefore, is really the beginning of every- 
thing : the documents came after, when the scholars named were 
requested to act, or recognized as acting, in that matter. The 
exact wording you ought to have, or it may be seen in our minutes. 
The words " at his request," in the Bishop's letter, mean simply 
that I pressed the importance of American co-operation, and 
offered to do anything I could to secure it ; the confirmation of 
all depending, of course, on the subsequent action of the Com- 
panies. 



With all affectionate regards, 



Joseph Angus. 



[Dean Stanley to Dr. ScliafE *J 



Deanery, Westminster Abbey, \ 
London, Jan. 13, 1871. [ 
My Dear Sir: 

I have been in communication with Dr. Angus on the subject 
of the revision of the Authorised Version of the Bible, now set on 
foot by two Companies of English, Scottish, and Irish scholars, 
appointed under the authority of the Committee of the Convoca- 
tion of the Province of Canterbury. 

By that Committee, and in pursuance of a vote of the Lower 
House of Convocation, the Bishop of Winchester and myself were 
requested to ask the friendly co-operation of some divines fi'om 
the United States of America in a work that, it was felt, concerned 

■" [The handwriting of the late Dean Stanley is almost illegible, and, with all 
the care taken in deciphering his hieroglyphics, it is quite possible that some 
slight mistakes may have been made.] 
3 



34 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOllY OF THE 

that vast part of the EngHsh-speaking races of the world as nearly 
as ourselves. I find that the Bishop of Winchester has aU-eady 
communicated on the subject with Bishop Potter," with the view 
of procuring the assistance of such scholars as the Protestant 
Episcopal Cliurch of America may furnish ; and I, therefore, 
undertake the charge of addressing myself to you, as having been 
the centre, as I understand, of the communications of the non- 
Episcopalian churches with Dr. Angus during his recent visit. 
Mav I ask you, in consideration of the distance of space and the 
length of time which would be involved in rej)eated correspond- 
ence with each member, to enter into such negotiations as you 
may deem advisable with the scholars of these churches ? 

It will, of course, be readily understood that the object of 
the Committee of Convocation and of the revising Companies is 
to procure the assistance of which I speak purely on the ground 
of scholastic and Biblical qualifications — the assistance, as the 
vote of Convocation expressed it, " of any eminent for scholar- 
ship, to whatever nation or religious body they may belong." 
With this view I have consulted with Dr. Angus and others, and 
venture to submit a list of such eminent persons as have occurred 
to us as falling within the above description. You will, perhaps, 
have no difficulty in arranging with them, and, also (if you think 
fit), with Bishop Potter, representing the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, and to wdiom I have not written, as the Bishop will 
understand, only because he has already received a communication 
from my superior in rank, the Bishop of Winchester. 

The details of the mode of co-operation will easily suggest 
themselves ; on them I need not at present enter, but will con- 
clude with the hope that the joint and cordial co-operation in this 
great and holy work may add another link to the friendly inter- 
course and communion between Enghsh Christendom and that 
powerful and ever-increasing offspring that it has produced be- 
yond the Atlantic. 

Yours very faithfully, 

A. P. Stanley. 

[Tliis letter ii, accompanied by two papers: (1) the principles and rules of the 
British Companies (A), which will be found further on in the letter of invitation 
to American revisers (p. 43), and (2) by the following list of revisers (B) and Post- 
script.] 

* [This letter is not accessible, but a later letter of Bishop Wilberforce, dated 
Aug. 7, 1871, is given below, together with the action of the American House of 
Bishops declining to co-operate. See pp. 47 and 48.] 



AMEKICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 35 

[B.] 

List of names suggested bj Dr. Augus after conference with 
American divines. 

Old Testament. 

Dr. T. J. Conant, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Prof. W. H. Green, D.D., Princeton, N. J. 

Prof. Tayler Lewis, Union College, Schenectady, N. Y. 

Prof. C. M. Mead, Andover. 

Dr. Van Dyck, Beyrut, Syria. 

Dr. "Whedon, New York. 

New Testament. 

E. Abbott, LL.D., Librarian of Harvard Col., Cambridge, Mass. 

Prof. H. B. Hackett, D.D., Eochester, N. Y. 

Prof. Kendrick, D.D., Eochester, N. Y. 

Prof. C. P. Krautb, University of Pa., Phila. 

Prof. Jas. Strong, D.D., Drew Seminary, Madison, N. J. 

Prof. C. E. Stowe, Hartford, Conn. 

Prof. Dr. Philip Schaff, New York. 

Prof. Shedd, D.D., New York. 

Prest. T. D. Woolsey, D.D., Yale College, New Haven. 



The Episcopalian divines suggested by Dr. Angus are here 
omitted, in consideration of the communication opened between 
the Bishop of Winchester and Bishop Potter, it being thought 
more convenient and important that they should be invited 
through that channel. 

It has also occurred to me that on points of language and 
taste it would be right to consult Dr. Longfellow, the poet, and 
Mr. Marsh, author of the well-known work on the English lan- 
guage. 

P.S. — You will understand that the long delay which has taken 
place has been occasioned only by the necessity of discussing, 
with the various persons here concerned, the best mode of action. 

It may, perhaps, prevent any further necessity of correspond- 
ence to and fro, if I add that the arrangement which was dis- 
cussed between you and Dr. Angus seems to be perfectly satisfac- 
tory, and no doubt would commend itself to the Companies here, — 



36 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

that the British Companies sliall, from time to time, communicate 
to the American Companies such parts of their work as have 
passed the first revision, and that the American Companies shoukl 
communicate their suggestions to the British Companies, if possi- 
ble, before the second revision. 

The enclosed paper (A)''"' will indicate the principles on which 
the British Companies act, and on Avhich, of C(nirse, tlie American 
Companies Avoiild act for the sake of uniforuiity. 

The enclosed list (B) contains the names to which I referred in 
my letter ; — many of the persons so indicated have, I understand, 
indicated their willingness to serve, 

A. P. S. 

[I)r. Scliaff to Doan Slatilcy.] 

Bible House, New York, Feb. 7, 1871. 
The Yei'ii Rev. the J)^.aii of Wesimuisler. 
My Deah Dean : 

I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of 
January 13th, in which you authorize mo, in the name of the two 
Companies of British divines for the revision of the English ver- 
sion of the Bible, and in pursuance of a vote of the LoAver 
House of the Convocation of the Province of Canterbury,f to 
invite a certain number of American scholars, whose names I liad 
suggested to our friend Dr. Angus, at his request, during his 
recent visit to this country, to form a Committee in friendly co- 
operation with the l^ritish Committ(M), for the promotion of the 
important work entrusted to tlieir care. 

It will afford mo great pleasure to extend this invitation to the 
gentlemen named in your letter, including the two distinguished 
laymen (Mr. Longfellow and the Hon. Geo. P. Marsh), whom you 
very properly suggest as being well qualified to aid the Committee 
by tlieir advice on points of Innguagci and taste. 

As to the selection of suitable Biblical scholars who are to 
represent the Protestant Episcopal Church, I shall, at j-our sug- 
gestion, put myself in communication with Bishop Potter, of the 
Diocese of New York, and inform him that I am ready to act in 
concert with him in this wliole matter. 

*[The principles and rules adopted by the British Revision Companies. See 
p. 42.] 

I [The resolutions were adopted by Oath Houses of Convocation.] 



AMERICAN BIBLE KEVISIOX COMMITTEE. 3T 

There is a deep and growing interest among tlic cliurclies of 
America in. tlie work of such a careful and judicious revision of 
our admirable version of the Holy Scriptures as will adapt it to 
the present state of sound Biblical scholarship without sacrific- 
ing its idiom and hallowed associations, or any of its beauties and 
felicities. There is, moreover, a strong confidence in the ability 
and soundness of Christian scholarship which lias already been 
enlisted in behalf of this revision. In my opinion the British 
companies are abundantly competent to discharge tlicir trust 
without foreign assistance. Yet, inasmuch as the revision 
concerns all denominations who use the English version in 
public Avorship and in their daily devotions, it is extremely desir- 
able to secure at the outset the hearty sympathy and co-operation 
of representative Biblical scholars from all parts of Anglo-Saxon 
Christendom, so that the revision may appear with a sort of 
oecumenical authority. 

I am happy to learn that the suggestions I made to Dr. Angus 
in regard to the l)est mode of co-operation meets your approval ; 
namely, that the English Companies of the O. and N. T. transmit, 
from time to time, such portions of their work as have passed 
the first revision, to the American Committee for their examina- 
tion and suggestions, which are to be returned before the second 
and final revision. 

As soon as I shall receive the first part of your work, say the 
Gospel of St. Matthew, which I understand is about half com- 
pleted, I shall invite the members of the Committee to meet in 
my study, or some other convenient place, for the purpose of 
organizing and proceeding with their work as expeditiously as 
possible. 

In conclusion, I can only reciprocate your wish that this enter- 
prise may strengthen the union between Great Britain and the 
United States on the basis of the revealed Word of our common 
Lord. 

In pleasant remembrance of our interviews at Oxford in 184:4, 
and in the Deanery of Westminster in May, 18(59, 
I am, with profound respect, 

Yours, 

Philip Schaff. 



38 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

[Dr. SchaiT to Bishop Pott-r.] v 

Bible House, New York, Feb. S, 1871. 

The Right Rev. Bishop Potter, D.D., New Yorlc. 
My Dear Sir : 

I have received a, communication "from the Dean of Westmin- 
ster, authorizing me, in the name of the two British Companies 
for the revision of tlie EngHsh Version of the Holy Scriptures, 
and in pursuance of a vote passed by the Convocation of the 
Province of Canterbury, to invite a certain number of Biblical 
scholars of the various non-Episcopal denominations in the United 
States whose names I had previously suggested, by request, to 
form an American Committee in co-operative union with the 
British Committee for the accomplishment of the work of re- 
vision, which concerns all branches of Christendom using the 
Authorized English Version in public worship and in their daily 
devotions. 

I have also been informed that the Bishop of Winchester has 
written, or will write, to you concerning the selection of suitable 
Biblical scholars who are to represent the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in the United States. 

At the suggestion of Dean Stanley, I beg leave to inform you 
that I am ready to receive any communication you may be 
pleased to make to me on the subject, and to act in concert with 
you in this important enterprise. 

I embrace this opportunity to assure you of the high consider- 
ation with which I subscribe myself, 

Your obedient servant in the Lord, 

Philip Schaff. 



[Bishop Potter to Dr. Sraiaff.] 

New York, 38 East Twenty-second Street, ) 
Feb. 14, 1S71. f 

To the Rev. Dr. SeJurff. 
My Dear Sir : 
I beg to acknowledge the communication made by you at the 
suggestion of Dean Stanley respecting the subject of revision, 
and to Hfij,—;first, that my letters from the Bishop of "Winchester 
touching that undertaking have as yet made no reference to the 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION CO.AIMITTEE. d9 

formation of an American Comtuittee, and, second, that it will not 
be in my power, in any event, to take any action in relation to it. 

I am, my dear sir, 
Yery respectfully and cordially yours, 

Horatio Potter. 

[Dr. Schaff to Dean Stanlej.] 

Bible House, New York, Feb. 27, '71. 
The Very Rev. the Dean of Westminster. 
My Dear Dean : 

I have made all arraogements for carrjdng out your wishes in 
regard to American co-operation Avitli the work of revision, but 
a communication from Dr. Potter, Bishop of the Diocese of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church of New York, makes it desirable to 
wait for further instructions. 

At your suggestion, I wrote to the Bishop that I was ready to 
receive any communication he may desire to make to me on the 
subject, and to act in concert with him. He courteously replied, 
first, that his letters from the Bishop of Winchester have as yet 
made no reference to the formation of an American Committee, 
and second, that " it will not be in his power, in any event, to take 
any action in relation to it." 

Please inform me as early as convenient : 

(1) Whether you wish me to organize the Committee as far as 
the non-Episcopal scholars are concerned, without waiting for 
further action on the part of the Bishop of Winchester and his 
correspondents in this country. 

(2) Whether, in riew of Bishop Potter's declining to act in the 
matter, I may be authorized to invite Bishop Mcllvaine, of Ohio 
(who is well known in England), the Bev. Dr. Washburn, of Cal- 
vary Church, New York (a highly accomplished scholar), or any 
other Episcopal scholars you might name, to act as members of 
the American Co-operative Committee on Be vision. 

Most truly yours, 

Philip Schaff. 

[Dean Stanley to Dr. SchafE.] 

Deanery, Westminster, April 8, 1871. 
My Dear Sir: 

I have to apologize for the long delay in aus\v'ering your last 
letter. 



40 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

It has been solely occasioned by the preoccupations of the Bishop 
of Winchester, which prevented him from being able to give his 
attention to the subject at an earlier date. 

I now, with the Bishop's approval, write to say that we do not 
feel ourselves authorised to offer any suggestions for the regula- 
tion of the mutual relations of the American scholars amongst 
themselves. 

I had written to you on the supposition that, as in England, so 
in America, the Episcopalian scholars would have felt no difficulty 
in co-023erating with their non-Episcopalian brethren, and I would 
still hope that this may eventually be found to be the case. But 
at this distance of space and time, and in the presence of the ob- 
jections which your letter communicates to us, I think it better 
that any arrangements of this kind on the other side of the 
Atlantic should be left to be settled amongst yourselves. 

My former letter was, as you are aware, seut on the understand- 
ing that the names mentioned to me by Dr. Angus were such as 
would commend themselves to the scholars of the United States, 
and that the communication with the Episcopalian Church 
through the Bishop of Winchester was the mode that Avould be 
most agreeable and most respectful to themselves. 

If you think it advisable, with a view of preventing any further 
misunderstandings, to publish my correspondence with you, you 
are quite at liberty to do so ; and I trust that, in that case, the 
slight difficulty which has arisen may be dispelled. 

Yours faithfully, 

A. P. Stanley. 

I may add that the provisional revision of the Gospel of St. 
Matthew and of the Book of Genesis will not be completed lor 
some weeks, and till that time it would be premature to send over 
any proof-sheets. 

I may also add that the resolutions of Convocation anent wliich 
these communications have been made, were not, as might be in- 
ferred from a passage in your letter, confined to the Lower House, 
but were unanimously adopted by both Houses, and as such acted 
upon by the Joint Committee, consisting of members of the Upper 
as well as of the Lower House. 

A. P. S. 



AMERICAN BIBLE EEVISIOIN' COMMITTEE. 41 

[Dr. ScliafE to Dean Stanley.] 

Bible House, New Yobk, May 1, 1871. 
Tlie Very Rev. the Dean of Westminster. 
My De.\ii Dean : 

I received Toiir letter of April 8, in wbicli you renew your re- 
quest, witli the approval of the Bishop of Winchester, that I 
should organize an American Committee on the revision of the 
Authorized English Version of the Bible in co-operative union 
with tlie British Committee. 

I shall now without further delay proceed in this work and dis- 
charge the trust as weU as I can. I intend to confine myself to a 
small and select number of Biblical scholars of recognized author- 
ity and representative character, who are able and willing to give 
efiicient aid in this important and responsible enterprise. 

I have drawn up a plan, and submit to you three printed docu- 
ments : 1. A Letter of Invitation. 2. The Principles of the 
British Committee. 3. Draught of a Constitution of the Amer- 
ican Committee. I shall be glad to learn your opinion on this 
plan. 

I do not see any good reason at present for publishing our cor- 
respcndence. 

I expect to sail for England early in June, and hope to confer 
with you and other members of the Committee personally on this 
subject. 

With great respect, yours, 

Philip Schaff. 



[Documents submitted to Deau Stanley, as promised iu preceding letter.] 

1. Letter of Invitation. 

No. 38 Bible House, New York, 1871. 

Dear Sik : 

I have been requested and authorized by the British Committee for a revision 
of the Authorized Version of the Holy Scriptures, through the Dean of West- 
minster, to form an American Committes in co-operative union with the British, 
and. to invite a select number of Biblical scholars from different denominations to 
assist in the proposed revision. 

You are aware that this important work has begun under very favorable 
auspices, and has already enlisted the best Biblical scholarship of Great Britain. 

It affords me great pleasure to extend to you, hereby, an invitation to become a 
member of the Old (JYew) Testament Company of the American Committee. 

I trust that you will not hesitate to co-operate in a work which concerns all 
branches of American Christendom as much as those of British, and which will 



42 DOCUMENT AKY HISTORY OF THE 

be followed with deep interest by all who use the Englisli Bible in their public 
and private devotions. 

To facilitate your decision, I inclose the principles and rules of revision which 
have been adopted by the two Companies of the British Committee, and also the 
draught of a constitution for the American Committee, whicli will be submitted 
to them when they are convened for organization. 

In accordance with a provisional arrangement, the two Companies of the British 
Committee will forward, from time to time, such portions of their -work as have 
passed the first revision to the American Companies for examination, and the 
American Companies will send the results of their deliberations to England before 
the second revision. 

As soon as the first portion of the revision (the Gospel of Matthew) arrives, I 
intend to invite those members of the American Committee who have in the 
meantime accepted the appointment, to meet in New York, for the purpose of 
effecting an organization and proceeding with their work in such manner as they 
may deem best. 

Hoping to hear from you at your earliest convenience, I aui, in Christian bonds, 

Truly yours, 

PniLIP SCHAFF. 

[A] 

PRINCIPLES AND RULES OF THE BRITISH COM- 
MITTEE. 

At the first meeting of the Committee, appointed by the Con- 
vocation of Canterbury, May 6, 1870, in accordance with the sub- 
joined Report,* accepted by Convocation at its last session, the 
following resohttions and rules were tigreetl to as the funda- 
mental principles on which the revision is to be conducted : 

Kesolved, — 

I. That the Committee appointed by the Convocation of Canterbury at its last 
Session separate itself into two Companies, the one for the revision of the 
Authorised Version of the Old Testament, the other for the revision of the 
Authorised Version of the New Testament. 

II. That tlie Company for the revision of the Authorised Version of the Old 
Testament consist of the Bishops of St. David'.-^, Llundaff, Ely, Lincoln, and Bath 
and Wells, and of the following members froui the Lower House: Archdeacon 
Rose, Canon Selwyn, Dr. Jebb, and Dr. Kay. 

* " 1. That it is desirable that a revision of the Autlioriscd Version of tlie Holy Scriptures lie 
undertaken." 

" 2. That tlie revision bo so conducted as to comprise both marginal renderings and such 
emendations as it may be found necessary to insert in the te.Kt of the Authorised Version." 

".3. That in the above resolutions we do not contemplate any new translation of the IMhlc, or 
any alteration of tlie language, except where, in tlie judgment of the most competent scholars, 
such change is necessary." 

"4. That in such necessary changes, the style of the language employed in the existing version 
be closely followed." 

" 5. That it is desirable that Convocation should nominate a body of its own members to un- 
dertake the work of revision, who shall be at liberty to invite the co-operation of any eminent for 
scholarship, to whatever nation or religious body they may belong." 



AMERICAN BIBLE EEVISIOIST COMMITTEE. 



43 



III. That the Company for the revision of the Authorised Version of the New 
Testament consist of the Bishops of Winchester, Gloucester and Bristol, and 
Salisbury, and of the following members from the Lower House : the Prolocutor, 
the Deans of Canterbury and Westminster and Canon Blakesley. 

IV. That the first portion of the work to be undertaken by the Old Testament 
Company be the revision of the Authorised Version of the Pentateuch. 

V. That the first portion of the work to be undertaken by the Xew Testament 
Company be the revision of the Authorised Version of the Synoptical Gospels. 

VI. That the following scholars and divines be invited to join the Old Testa- 
ment Company : — 



ALEXANDER, Dr. W. L. 
CHENERY, Professor 
COOK, Canon 
DAVIDSON, Professor A.B. 
DAVIES, Dr. B. 
FAIRBAIRN, Professor 
FIELD, Rev. F. 



GINSBURG, Dr. 
GOTCH, Dr. 

HARRISON, Archdeacon 
LEATHES, Professor 
McGILL, Professor 
PAYNE SMITH. Canon 
PEROWNE, Prof. J. H. 



PLUMPTRE, Professor 

PUSEY, Canon 

WRIGHT, Dr. (British 
Museum) 

WRIGHT, W. A. (Cam- 
bridge) 



VII. That the following scholars and divines be invited to join the New Tes- 
tament Company : — 



ANGUS, Dr. 
BROWN, Dr. DAVID 
DUBLIN, Archbishop of 
EADIE, Dr. 
HORT. Rev. F. J. A. 
HUMPHRY, Rev. W. G. 
KENNEDY, Canon 



LEE, Archdeacon 
LIGHTFOOT, Dr. 
MILLIGAN. Professor 
MOULTON, Professor 
NEWMAN, Dr. J. H. 
NEWTH, Professor 
ROBERTS, Dr. A. 



SMITH, Rev. G. VANCE 
SCOTT, Dr. (Balliol Coll.) 
SCRIVENER, Rev. F. 
ST. ANDREWS, Bp. of 
TREGELLES, Dr. 
VAUGIIAN, Dr. 
WESTCOTT, Canon 



VIIL That the general principles to be followed by both Companies be as 
follows : 

1. To introduce as few alterations as possible into the test of the Authorised 

Version consistently with faithfulness. 

2. To limit as far as possible the expression of such alterations to the lan- 

guage of the Authorised and earlier English versions. 

3. Each Company to go twice over the portion to be revised, once provision- 

ally, the second time finally, and on principles of voting as hereinafter 
is provided. 

4. That the text to be adopted be that for which the evidence is decidedly 

preponderating ; and that when the text so adopted differs from that 
from which the Authorised Version was made, the alteration be indi- 
cated in the margin. 

5. To make or retain no change in the text on the second final revision by 

each Company, except two-thirds of those present approve of the same, 
but on the first revision to decide by simple majorities. 

6. In every case of proposed alteration that may have given rise to discus- 

sion, to defer the voting thereupon till the next meeting, whensoever 
the same shall be required by one-third of those present at the meeting, 
such intended vote to be announced in the notice for the next meeting. 

7. To revise the headings of chapters, pages, paragraphs, italics, and punctu- 

ation. 

8. To refer, on the part of each Company, wlien considered desirable, to 

divines, scholars, and literary men, whether at home or abroad, for 
their opinions. 



44 DOCUMEXTAllY HISTORY OF THE 

IX. That tlio work of each Company be communicated to the other as it is 
completed, in order that there may be as little deviation from uniformity in lan- 
guage as possible. 

X. That the special or by-rules for each Company be as follows : 
1. To make all corrections in writing previous to the meeting. 

3. To place all the corrections due to textual considerations on the left hand 
margin, and all other corrections on the right hand margin. 

3. To transmit to the chairman, in case of being unable to attend, the cor- 
rections proposed in tlie portion agreed upon for consideration. 

S. WINTON,* Chairman. 
May 25, 1870. 



[B] 

DRAUGHT OF A CONSTITUTION OF THE AMERICAN 

COMMITTEE. 

Subject to Revision. \ 

I. The American Committea for a revision of the Authorized Version of the 
Holy Scriptures to be constituted by authority and with the cancurrence of the 
British Committee, and to be composed of a select number of Biblical scholars 
and divines from the leading Protestant denominations of the United States. 

II. The American Committee, when constituted, to have the power to elect 
their officers, to add to their number, and to fill their own vacancies. 

III. The American Committee to co-operate with the British Committee on 
terms of fraternal equality, and on the basis of the principles and rules of revision 
adopted by the Convocation of Canterbury and the British Committee. 

IV. The American Committee to separate itself into two Companies, the one 
for the revision of the Authorized Version of the Old Testament, the other for the 
revision of the Authorized Version of the New Testament. 

V. The British Committee to submit to the American Committee, from time 
to time, such portions of their work as have passed the first revision, and the 
American Committee to transmit their criticisms and suggestions to the British 
Committee before the second revision. 

VI. A joint meeting of both Committees to be held, if possible, in London or 
New York, before final action. 

VII. The American Committee to pay their own expenses, and to have the 
same ownership and control of the copyright of the Revised Version in the United 
States of America which the British Committee have in Great Britain, until they 
are reimbursed for the necessary expenses incurred. 

[♦Bishop Samuel Wilbcrforce, of Winchester.] 

[t This constitution, with the suggestions of the Daan of Westminster (see next letter), was 
afterwards submitted to, amondsd, enlarged, and alopted by the American revisers at their first 
meeting, December 7, 1871. See below.] 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 45 

[Dean Stanley to Dr. ScliafE.] 

Deanery, "Westminstee, May 30, 1871. 
My Dear Sir : 

I beg to tliaiik you for the papers whicli you have sent to me 
through Dr. Adams." 

I take the liberty of calliug your attention to two or three inac- 
curacies almost inevitable from the complex nature of the work 
and of the negotiations involved, but which had better be cor- 
rected in order to avoid misunderstandings. 

In your letter of invitation (paragraph 1) it would be more 
exact to say : 

"The British Committee for a revision of the Authorized Ver- 
" sion have requested the Bishop of "Winchester and the De..n of 
" Westminster to communicate with the scholars of the United 
" States of America with a view to inviting their co-operation in 
" the work of revision. The Bishop of Winchester has communi- 
" cated with the American Episcopal Church. I have been 
" requested and authorized by the Dean of Westminster to com- 
" municate with scholars from tlie other denominations." 

In paragraph 7, of the same paper, the phrase " the Gospel of 
Matthew " had better be omitted. Tliere is no likelihood, — espe- 
cially no certainty, of that Gospel being circulated for the second 
revision until further progress has been made with the work. 

The Paper B :— 

Paragraph 1 had better read thus : 

" The American Committee for a revision, etc., to be composed 
" of a select number of Biblical scholars and divines from the 
'' United States." 

For (1) it is manifestly out of the question for the British Co7n- 
mittee at this distance of time and space to undertake upon itself 
" the constitution " of the American Committee. That must be 
left to the Americans themselves. 

(2) As the sole qualification desired is that of scholarship, it is 
against the principles laid down by the British Committee and 
accepted by Convocation and the companies to bring forward into 
prominence " the leading denoimnationsy And, under any circum- 
stances, the word " Protestant " is unnecessary^ and would be in- 

* [See the preceding three documents, which were transmitted with the accom- 
panying letter to Dean Stanley through the kindness of the late Rev. Dr. William 
Adams, President of the Union Theological Seminary, New York.] 



46 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY OF THE 

consistent with the invitation issued by the British Committee to 
an eminent Eomau Catholic (Dr. Newman). Dr. Newman de- 
cHned purely on grounds of his not being sufficiently familiar at 
present with the needful scholarship. But there will be no objec- 
tion on the part of the British Committee or Companies were any 
Roman Catholic scholars of the United States willing to join.* 

Paragraph III. Omit the words " loith the British Committee on 
terms of fraternal equaVdyy For all practical purposes the deal- 
ings of the American Committee will be with the Companies, not 
with the Committee, and the expression "fraterno.l equality" 
though doubtless most reasonable as regards the spirit in which it 
is made, might mislead unless more carefully explained. 

Paragraph Y. For the same reason the words " Companies " to 
be substituted for " Committee T 

Paragraph YI. The spirit of this is excellent, but as it is un- 
likely that it can practically be carried into effect, and might, 
therefore, mislead, it had better be omitted. 

Paragraph YII. By a recent and necessarj^ arrangement the 
copyright of the Revised Yersion in England will, so far as is 
practicable, be transferred to the two Universities that have 
undertaken the cost of printing and publishing. The whole of 
the clause, as regards the copyright, had, therefore, better be 
omitted as inapplicable and misleading. 

I trust that these corrections will be accepted in the spirit in 
which they are proposed, and that they will oln-iate further mis- 
apprehensions. 

Yours faithfully, 

A. P. Stanley. 

[Before tliis letter was received Dr. ScliafE had a personal conference -\vitb Dean 
Stanley, at Westminster, and came to a full agreement with him on the several 
points of difEerence.] 

* [No Roman Catholic divines were invited to join the Committee, because it 
was taken for granted that their conscientious convictions and official position 
would not permit them to co-operate with Protestants in the revision of a Protest- 
ant translation of the Holy Scriptures. Cardinal Newman, who was pre-eminently 
qualified as a scholar and master of classical English, had no doubt weightier 
reasons for declining than the one which he modestly put forward.] 



AMEBIC A ]Sr BIBLE REVISIOISr COMMITTEE. 47 

[Letter of Bishop Wilberforce, of Winchester, to Bishop Potter,"of New York.] 

(Copied from the "Journal and Proceedings of the Bishops, Clergy and Laity of 
the Protestant Episcopal Church," 1872, pp. G15-616.) 

BusBniDGE Hall, Godalmixg, Aug. 7, 1871. 
Eight Eeverend Brother : 

As the time of your General Convention approaches, it seems 
to me due to my high respect and brotherly afi'ection for your 
venerable body that I should, as Chairman of the Committee of 
the Convocation of Canterbury which is charged ^Yith the duty of 
preparing a revised text of our Authorised Version of the Sacred 
Scriptures, communicate formally to you what has been done, is 
doing, and is intended, touching an enterprise which must, I 
think, deeply interest all the English-speaking branches of the 
Church of Christ, and, very specially, our beloved sister commun- 
ion in America. The purpose for which the Committee was ap- 
pointed was this : — not to make a new translation, but to exhibit, 
in a revised version of the existing translations, any corrections 
which either the discovery of new manuscripts and versions or 
the advance of scholarship, allowed the Committee to recommend. 
It was our universal belief that these corrections, though impor- 
tant as to technical accuracy, would affect no doctrine, and add to 
instead of diminishing the authority of the present version. We 
felt that there Avas danger in leaving suspicion free to exaggerate 
according to her wont, small defects, and swell them to dimensions 
which might weaken the authority of the existing version. The 
Committee having been appointed with power to seek aliunde the 
assistance of experts qualitied by classical and biblical learning for 
the task, has formed, out of itself and such associated workmen, 
two companies ; ore of which is proceeding with a proposed revis- 
ion of the Old, and the other of the New Testament. From the 
first, our Convocation desired the aid of your body, and I have 
myself made various communications from it to individual mem- 
bers of your Episcopate. The approaching session of your Gren- 
eral Convention gives me the opportunity of a more formal com- 
munication, which I now make to you as the Presiding Bishop, 
requesting you to bring the matter, in such Avay as you deem 
meet, before the General Convention. As our work has pro- 
ceeded, it has appeared impossible for us to obtain from you in 
the progress of our labors that aid to which Ave still look forward 
at their close. When the Avork of the Companies is finished, it 



48 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY OF THE 

will be the duty of the Committee of the Convocation in its sepa- 
rate unity to revise the work done, and either to reject it, or to lay 
it, witli or without alterations, before the Convocation of Canter- 
bury. That body will then judge for itself of the merit or demerit 
of what its Committee so joresents to it. Should the Convocation 
judge it so far successful, it would authorize such other steps as it 
may deem fit. One of these, I have little doubt, would be to sub- 
mit the tentative revisions to the other English-speaking branches 
of the Church, and should yonr Convention encourage our doing 
so, pre-eminently to you. No such important change as any alter- 
ation in the Authorised Version of the Sacred Scriptures could 
be carried out without allowing full time for all such judgments 
as that of your branch of the Church to be formed and expressed ; 
nor until the revised version had received the sanction of general 
approbation could it, in any sense, be authorised amongst our- 
selves. 

Commending this important matter to your care, and parnestly 
seeking your prayers for the due fulfilment of the work in hand, 
through the beavenly assistance of God the Holy Ghost, for the 
glory of the eternal and ever-blessed Trinitj^ and the edification of 
the Church of Christ, I remain, right reverend and dear brother, 
Yours in the bonds of the common faith. 

(Signed) Samuel Wintonensis. 

The IJiGHT Rev. the Presiding Bishop of the CncRcn in America. 



[Action of the House of Bishops on the preceding letter.] 
(From the "Journal," etc., pp. 262-353.) 

A communication from the Eight Ecv. the Lord Bishop of 
Winchester, Chairman of the Committee of the Convocation of 
Canterbury on the Kevision of the Authorized Version of the 
Holy Scriptures, to the Presiding Bishop, was read by the Secre- 
tary. 

On motion of the Bishop of New York it was 

Resolved, That this comnninication be laid on the table, and 
printed for the use of the House, (p. 202.) 

The Bishop of New York offered the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the Right llev. the Presiding Bishop be and is 
hereby requested to return to the Eight Eev. the Lord Bishop of 
Winchester a courteous and brotherly acknowledgment of his 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 49 

communication relating to a revision of the English of the Holy 
Scriptures, stating that this House, having had no part in origi- 
nating or organizing the said work of revision, is not at present in 
a condition to dehver any judgment respecting it, and at the 
same time expressing the disposition of this House to consider 
with candor the work undertaken by the Convocation of Canter- 
bury, whenever it shall have been completed, and its results laid 
before them. 

The Bishop of Louisiana moved to strike out the following 
words : " Having had no part in originating or organizing the said 
work of revision " ; which was lost. 

The question recurring on the original motion of the Bishop of 
New York, it was adopted, (p. 353.) 



[During the summer of 1871 Dr. Schaff had satisfactory confereoces with the 
English Companies in the Jerusalem Chamber, and especially with the Dean of 
Westminster and Bishop Elllcott, concerning American co-operation. After his 
return the correspondence was resumed.] 



My Deae Sir : 



[Dean Stanley to Dr. Schaff.] 

Deanery, Westminster, Oct. 14, 1871. 



In answer to your letter just received by the Bishop of Glouces- 
ter,"^ I take up the thread of the correspondence which, as I was 
the first to begin (under the direction of the Committee of Con- 
vocation) I may as well continue. 

Your proposal as to the mode of transmitting the proofs will be 
far the best plan. Our main anxiety is to secure that under no 
circumsfcances shall the proof become public or be made known 
bej'ond the circle of revisers till the time comes for submitting to 
the public such portions of the work as have received the final 
touches which it will have received from the various suggestions 
made to us, whether from this side or the other side of the At= 
1 antic. When that time comes the public will have every oppor- 
tunity of judging of our labors, but not before. 

It would be a satisfaction to the members of the Company 
(both for their own information and also for the sake of the secu- 
rity to which I refei-) to have a complete Ust of those to whom 
(whether as actually taking part in a continual consideration of 

[* Of this letter no copy is found ; its contents must be inferred from the answers.] 
4 



50 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

the revision or as occasional referees) tlio proofs sliould be sent. 
The list which jou agreed upon with me when you were here is 
perhaps exhaustive, but as I could not be perfectly sure of this, I 
think it better that we should have the list exactly as it exists in 
your hands. Yours faithfully, 

A. P. Stanley. 



[Bishop Ellicott to Dr. Schaff.] 

Gloucester, Oct. 23, 1871. 
Dear Dr. Schaff : 

I send herewith a resolution from our Company which will ex- 
plain itself. 

We meet again Nov. 14, and if 'this reaches in time should be 
rejoiced to have a hue from you by that time. 

I am thankful to say that we are going on capitally. We meet 
for four days every month, and do on an average forty verses a 
day. 

I trust this finds you well. Pray present my best respects to 
your Company. Very faithfully yours, 

C. J. Gloucester and Bristol. 

RESOLUTION. 

That the Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol be requested to com- 
municate with Dr. Schaff to the effect that the work of the N. T. 
revisers is at present only tentative and provisional, and that it 
may be considerably altered at the second revision ; — but that 
upon the assurance of Dr. Schaft' that the work, so far as it is at 
present advanced, will be considered as stricfly conjidential, the 
Company will send a sufficient number of copies for Dr. Schaff 
and his brother revisers, for their own private use, the copies to 
be in no way made public beyond themselves. 

For this purpose that Dr. Schaff be requested to send the 
names and addresses of the scholars associated Avith him in this 
matter so soon as the Company is completely formed. 



[Dr. Schaff to Bishop Ellicott.] 

Bible House, New York, Nov. 10, 1871. 
My Dear Lord Bishop : 

I have the honor to acknowledge your favor of Oct. 23 inclos- 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISIOIS" COMMITTEE. 51 

ing a resolution of the New Testament Company of Revisers with 
reference to American co-operation. 

In reply, I beg leave to say that I was fully aware of the tenta- 
tive and provisional character of the Urst revision, and intended 
to shape the American work accordingly. When I had the pleas- 
ure to confer with you personally and with the other members of 
the Company last June, it was agreed that a limited number — 
say about thirty copies — of the revision of Matthew should be for- 
warded to me this autumn to be distributed among the American 
revisers for strictly jy/n'vafe use, and that other portions of the 
work as it progresses should follow. The American revisers were 
to examine the work of the English Companies, and to submit to 
them from time to time the results of their work for the second 
and final revision. On my return from the continent last Sept. I 
called at the Deanery of Westminster and learned from your Sec- 
retary that he would send Matthew as soon as he had directions 
from the Company, which would meet again in October. 

I did not think it worth while to convene the American revisers 
before I could lay before them some practical work. I have in- 
vited only a limited number of representative scholars of the lead- 
ing denominations, and they have accepted, and are ready to co- 
operate as soon as I call them together. I inclose a copy of the 
letter of invitation with the accompanying documents. As soon 
as the Company is properly organized I shall forward you the 
names and addresses. But it will be more convenient for the 
Secretary to forward the packages to me, and I shall see that 
every reviser receives a copy with the understanding that no jjublic 
use whatever be made of it. The present number of American 
revisers is fourteen, seven (the holy number) for the New Testa- 
ment, and seven for the Old. But when they come together they 
may find it advisable to increase the number. I would rather 
leave this to them, having confined myself to such scholars 
about whose qualifications there can be no doubt. 

I shall now look forward to a speedy transmission of Matthew, 
and shall be happy to receive any communication your Lordship 
may see proper to make to me on this important subject. 

May the Holy Spirit of wisdom and harmony preside over your 
meetings and bless your labor of love for the advancement of 
the Eedeemer's kingdom. With profound respect. 

Yours in the Lord, 

Philip Schapf. 
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop op GiiOUCESTER and Bristol. 



62 DOCUMENTAKY HISTOKY OF THE 

NOTE. 

[On his return from Europe, in autumn, 1871, Dr. SchafE procoedod with the 
work of organizing the American Committee. Most of the scholars applied to ac- 
cepted the invitation, and their letters are on record. For those who declined, 
others were selected after proper consultation. A complete list of members will be 
given below. After a sufficient number of members were secured to justify an 
organization, a meeting was called for the purpose. The correspondence relating 
to this meeting and the results of the meeting now follow.] 



[A circular letter to the members to convene for organization.] 

New YoiiK, Nov. 28, 1871. 
My Deae Sir : 

Yon are respectfully invited to attend the first meeting of the 
American revisers of the Authorized Version of the English 
Bible, at my study, in the Bible House, on Thursday the 7th of 
December, at 10 a.m., for the purpose of effecting an organization 
and adopting a constitution. 

You are also invited to attend a public meeting on Bible Ke- 
vision in Calvary Episcopal Church (Dr. Washburn's) in Fourth 
Avenue, at 8 o'clock, on the evening of the same day, when the 
Rev. Dr. Howson, Dean of Chester, will speak on the subject in 
behalf of the British Companies of Revision," 

Respectfully yours, 

Philip Schaef. 

To 

Eev. Dr. Woolsey, New Raven, Conn. 
'* Dr. Gkeen, Princeton, N. J. 
" Dr. Conant, Brooklyn, N. Y., and others. 



[Dr. Schafl to Dean Howson.] 

New York, Nov. 28, 1871. 

The Very Eev. the Dean of Cliester. 
My Dear Sir : 

I acknowledge your favor of yesterday in which you inform me 
that you liave been able to fix upon Thursday the 7th of December 
for the public meeting on Bible Revision. 

This is the best time, and Dr. Washburn's church the best place, 

[* Dean Howson, D.D., then present on a visit in America, is not one of the Brit- 
ish revisers, as he belongs to tlie Convocation of York, which refused to join the 
Convocation of Canterbury in the I'cvision, but he is in full sympathy with the 
movement, and expressed a desire to aid it during his visit in any way he could. J 



AMERICAN BIBLE KEVISIOIST COMMITTEE. 53 

for the meeting. I shall at once invite the American revisers to 
meet for organization in my study in the Bible House, on Thurs- 
day the 7th of Dec. at 10 a.m. You are hereby cordially invited 
to meet with them. Some of them may find it convenient to at- 
tend the public meeting in the evening. 

The arrangements for the public meeting I must leave in the 
hands of your Episcopal friends. Dr. Cotton Smith, I under- 
stand, is unwell. Dr. Washburn called yesterday, and expressed 
himself ready for co-operation whenever informed of your con- 
clusion. He expects to see you this evening at Dr. Morgan's, 
when you can arrange with him the details. 

If I can be of any use to you during the remainder of your stay 
in this country, I shall be most happy to have an opportunity. 
You will find me in my study every morning. 

Very truly yours, 

Philip Schaff. 

I inclose the Doc. which I have prepared so far for the benefit 
of the Am. revisers. 



[First Meeting of the American Committee.] 
(The following extract from the Minutes of the Committee (p. 5), was furnished to 
the press by the Rev. Dr. Day, as an authorized statement of the facts relating to 
the recent formation of an American Committee, in co-operation with the British 
Committee, for the Revision of tlie English Version of the Scriptures.) 

New York, Dec. 7, 1871. 

At a meeting of gentlemen invited by Rev. Philip Schaff, D.D., 
to meet this day at his study, Bible House, New York, for the 
purpose of forming an organization to co-operate with the British 
Committee in the revision of the Authorized English version of the 
Scriptures, the following persons were present, viz. : 

Prof. Philip Schaff, D.D., New York ; Prof. Henry B. Smith, 
D.D., New York ; Prof. William Henry Green, D.D., Princeton, 
N. J. ; Prof. George Emlen Hare, D.D., Philadelphia, Pa. ; Prof. 
Chas. P. Krauth, D.D., Philadelphia; Rev. Thos. J. Conant, 
D.D., Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Prof. George E. Day, D.D., New Haven, 
Conn. ; Ezra Abbot, LL.D., Cambridge, Mass. ; Rev. Edward A. 
Washburn, D.D., New York. 

Dr. Howson, Dean of Chester, was also present by special in- 
vitation, and took part in the deliberations. 

Ex-President Woolsey, Prof. Hackett, Prof. Strong, and others. 



54 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY OF THE 

were prevented from attending, but expressed by letter tlieir 
hearty interest in the proposed work, and their readiness to co- 
operate. 

The meeting was organized by the appointment of Prof. Henry 
B. Smith as Chairman, and Prof. Geo. E. Day as Secretary. 

After prayer by the Chairman, Dr. Schaff introduced the sub- 
ject of the meeting by stating that he had been requested by the 
British Committee for the Revision of the Authorized English 
Version of the Scriptures, through the Dean of Westminster, to 
invite American scholars to co-operate with them in this work. 
He had accordingly extended such an invitation to a limited 
number of scholars, most of them professors of biblical learning 
in theological seminaries of the leading Protestant denomina- 
tions. In the delicate task of selection, he had reference, first of 
all, to the reputation and occupation of the gentlemen as bibli- 
cal scholars ; next, to their denominational connection and stand- 
ing so far as to have a fair- representation of the American 
churches ; and lastly, to local convenience, in order to secure reg- 
ular attendance on the meetings. He would have gladly invited 
others, but thought it best to leave the responsibility of enlarge- 
ment to the Committee itself when properly constituted. He had 
personally conferred during last summer with Bishop EUicott, 
Dean Stanley, Prof. Lightfoot, Prof. Westcott, Dr. Angus, and 
other British revisers, about the details of the proposed plan of 
co-operation, and was happy to state that it met their cordial ap- 
proval. 

Dr. Schaff then read the following list of scholars who had been 
invited to engage in this work, and who have accepted the invita- 
tion: 

I, Oil the Old Testament. 

Rev. Thomas J. Conant, D.D., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Prof. George E. Day, D.D., New Haven, Conn. 

" John De Witt, D.D., New Brunswick, N. J. 

" Wm. Henry Green, D.D., Princeton, N. J. 

" George Emlen Hare, D.D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

*' Charles P. Krauth, D.D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

*' Joseph Packard, D.D., Fairfax, Va. 

" Calvin Ellis Stowe, D.D., Hartford, Conn. 

'* James Strong, D.D., Madison N. J, 



AMEKICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 55 

Rev. C. Y. A. Van Dyck, D.D. * Beynit, Syria. 
Prof. Tayler Lewis, LL.D., Schenectady, N. Y. 

II. On the New Testament. 

Ezra Abbot, LL.D,, Cambridge, Mass. 
Prof. H. B. Hackett, D.D., Rochester, N. Y. 

" James Hadley, LL.D., New Haven, Conn. 

" Charles Hodge, D.D., Princeton, N. J. 

*' Matthew B. Pdddle, D.D., Hartford, Conn. 

« Philip Schnff, D.D., New York. 

" Charles Short, LL.D., New York. 

" Henry B. Smith, D.D., New York. 

" J. Henry Thayer, D.D , Audover, Mass. 
Eev. Edward A. Washburn, D.D., LL.D., New York. 
" Theo. D. Woolsey, D.D., LL.D., New Haven, Conn. 

A draft of a constitution for the American Committee was 
then presented by Dr. Schaff, which, after being considered arti- 
cle by article, and somewhat amended, was unanimously adopted, 
and is as follows: 

" I. The American Committee, invited by the British Committee engaged in the 
revision of the Authorized English Version of the Holy Scriptures, to co-operate 
with them, shall be composed of biblical scholars and divines in the United States. 

" II. This Committee shall have the power to elect its oflScers, to add to its num- 
ber, and to fill its own vacancies. 

"III. The officers shall consist of a President, a Corresponding Secretaiy, and a 
Treasurer. The President shall conduct the official correspondence with the Brit- 
ish revisers. The Secretary shall conduct the honie correspondence. 

" IV. New members of the Committee and corresponding members must be 
nominated at a previous meeting, and elected unanimously by ballot. 

"V. The American Committee shall co-operate with the British Companies on 
the basis of the principles and rules of revision adopted by the British Committee. 

"VI. The American Committee shall consist of two Companies, the one for the 
revision of the Authorized Version of the Old Testament, the otlier for the revision 
of the Authorized Version of the New Testament. 

"VII. Each Company shall elect its own Chairman and Recording Secretary. 

"VIII. The British Companies will submit to the American Companies, from 
time to time, such portions of their work as have passed the first revision, and the 
American Companies will transmit their criticisms and suggestions to the British 
Companies before the second revision. 

"IX. A joint meeting of the American and British Companies shall be held, if 
possible, in London, before final action. 

[* Dr. Van Dyck, the translator of the best Arabic Version of the Bible, cannot 
be expected to attend the meetings, but may be occasionally consulted on ques- 
tions involving a thorough knowledge of Arabic and other Shemitic languages. He 
afterwards sent several written communications to the O. T. Comp.] 



56 DOCUMETsTTARY HISTORY OF THE 

" X. The American Committee to pay their own expenses, and to have the owa' 

ership and control of the copyright of the Revised Version in the United States of 
America."* 

A communication from Bishop Ellicott to Dr. Scliaff, dated Oct. 
23, 1871, was read, containing the following resolution of the Brit- 
ish Committee. 

[Now follows the resolution of the British Committee communicated by Bishop 
Ellicott in his letter to Dr. Schaff dated October 23, 1871. — See p. 50]. 

After some other business relating to future work, the following 
action was taken : — 

" That the Bev. Dr. Schaff, in conjunction with the officers of 
this meeting, be requested to publish such an account of the for- 
mation of the American Committee of Bevisiou, and the work in- 
trusted to it, as may be necessary for the information of the 
Christian public. 

" Henry B. Smith, Chairman. 
" Geokge E. Day, Secretary." 

[The public meeting referred to in the previous communication was held on the 
evening of the same day (Dec. 7), in Calvary Episcopal Church, New York, and 
very largely attended by clergymen and intelligent laymen. It was conducted by 
the rector, Dr. Washburn, and addresses Avere made by Dean Howson and Dr. Schaff. 
Full accounts were published in the Christian Intelligencer, the Church Journal, 
and other religious papers.] 



[Dr. Scliaff to Bishop Ellicott.] 

Bible House, New Yoek, Dec. 20, 1871. 
The Lord Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol. 
My Dear Bishop : 

I send you by to-day's mail a number of copies of statement 
concerning the formation of the American Revision Committee, 
for distribution among British E^visers. I inclose one in this let- 
ter. 

Dean Hows(m has probably already reported to you, having 
been present l)y invitation at our mcetnig. I am happy to add 
that everything looks promising. We are now waiting anxiously 

[* The last article, as far as it refers to the publication of the revision, was aban- 
doned by the Americnn Committee in the course of negotiations with the British 
Universities, for sullicient reasons, as will bo shown below.) 



AMERICxViSr BIBLE REVISIOlSr COMMITTEE. 57 

for the Gospel of Matthew, and for Genesis, that both Companies 
may go to work without much delay. 

The gentlemen composing the two American Companies are 
among the ablest biblical scholars in the United States, and com- 
mand general confidence. 

Very truly and respectfully yours, 

Philip Schaff. 



[Dr. Schaff to Dean Stanley.] 

Bible House, New York, Jan. 2, 1872. 
Tlie Yery Rev. the Dean of Westminster. 
My Dear Sir : 

The request of your letter of Oct. 14 has been anticipated. You 
must have received by this time the inclosed printed report of the 
organization of our Committee, with a list of American revisers. 

The list is the same as the one which I originally proposed, with 
a few necessary changes. It includes the best known biblical schol- 
ars of our leading literary institutions. The press has indorsed 
the selection as judicious and impartial. I have not heard of 
a single complaint. We shall probably elect some honorary 
members for occasional consultation. 

We are now anxiously waiting for copies of Matthew and Gene- 
sis revised, and shall go to work as soon as they arrive. About 
thirty copies will be sufficient for the present revisers. We shall 
keep your and our work strictly confidential. 

As the Committee hold their meetings in my study until perma- 
nent arrangements can bo made, the copies may all be sent to me, 
and I shall have them distributed. I understood all along that 
the arrangement made Avith you applies to the Old Testament 
Company as well as the New, and that consequently we may look 
for copies of Genesis soon. Is this so ? I have not conferred di- 
rectly with the Old Testament Compaii}''. 

I proposed to my publishers (who are also yours*) to republish 
in one volume " Trench, Ellicott and Lightfoot on Revision," as 
the best way to introduce the subject before the American pub- 
lic* 

Very truly yours, 

Philip Schaff. 



f" See letter to Dr. Liglitfoot below, p. 58.] 



58 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

[Dr. SchaiT to Dr. Angus.] 

Bible House, New York, Jan. 2. 1872. 
Rev. Dr. Joseph Angus, Regents Pcwh College. 
My Dear Dk. Angus : 

I bad just answered a letter of Dean Stanley when I received 
yours of Dec. 14. The best reply I can make is by inclosing : 1, 
The printed list of American revisers, with their church connec- 
tion ; 2, an account of a very interesting public meeting in Dr. 
Washburn's Episcopal church at which Dean Howson spoke at 
length on Bible Revision. 

An Episcopal divine of the highest influence just told me that I 
could not have made a better selection from that body. Bishop 
Mcllvaine and Bishop Lee were both invited, but modestly de- 
clined on the ground of defective critical scholarship, and they 
approve the selection I made. Dean Howson was present at our 
meeting of organization, and seemed to be perfectly satisfied Avitli 
the proceedings. 

I understood my commission was to extend over the Old Testa- 
ment Company as well as the New. Can you not sanction the 
matter as it is ? The list of revisers seems to give universal sat- 
isfaction. I have not heard a word of complaint. 

We have not yet received a single copy of the revision of Mat- 
thew or Genesis, and can do nothing till they arrive. 

Very truly yours, 

Philip Schaff. 

[Dr. ScliafE to Dr. (now Bishop) Lightfoot.] 

Bible House, New York, Dec. 18, 1871. 
Prof. J. B. Lightfoot, D.D. 
My Dear Sir : 
I have advised my publishers (Messrs. Charles Scribner, Arm- 
strong (fe Company) to publisli in one volume your own work and 
the works of Archbisho}) Trench and Bishop Ellicott on the revis- 
ion of the Authorized English Version of the Scriptures, with a 
brief introduction by myscdf on American co-operation, which has 
recently been organized in this city, by invitation from the British 
Committee, as you will see from the inclosed official statement. 
The publisher thinks the republication will not pay expenses — the 
market being already supplied with imjiorted coj^ies — but in the 
interest of the cause of revision he is inclined to undertake it. 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 59 

Before proceeding further I desire to secure the consent of the 
esteemed authors on their own terms, and the latest copy of their 
work, with such emendations and additions as they may wish to 
make. 

T therefore respectfully ask you to favor me with such a cor- 
rected copy of your work on revision at your earliest convenience 
and to transmit it by mail to my address, Bible House, New York. 
I shall, of course, send you a copy of the reprint as soon as it 
leaves the press. 

I embrace this opportunity to assure you of the high consider- 
ation iu which I am Your obedient servant, 

Philip Schaff. 

[Messrs. Scribner, Armstrong & Company, on reconsideration, declined to pub- 
lish, but Messrs, Harper & Brotliers did publish, the revision treatises with 
SchEiff's Introduction, and supplied each of the revisers with a copy. The 
American Committee afterwards issued three separate editions of the Introduction 
as a pro.-pectus of the proposed revision, for gratuitous distribution among per- 
sons asked to contribute towards the expenses. The book aided the cause of re- 
vision among American scholars. This is tlie reason why this letter is introduced 
here. Archbishop Trench, Bishop Lightfoot and Bishop Ellicott kindly gave 
their consent to the republication of their valuable treatises, and Bishop Light- 
foot made some suggestions in the proof-sheets of Dr. Schaff's Introduction which 
were followed. Ai'clibishop Trench's work had been previously reprinted in the 
United States.] 

[Bishop Ellicott to Dr. Schaff.] 

65 Portland Place, London, W., April 22, 1872. 
Dear Dr. Schaff : 

I assure you I am very sorry that at present you have not been 
able to secure on your Company any Bishops, I still, from your 
letter, have hopes. We at present are in great difficulty. We 
wish to be on tlie most cordial and reciprocative terms with you 
in America, but we have many violently opposed to us here at home 
who seek every opportunity against us. It, therefore, really would 
be imprudent for us to take any final step till your Committee is 
so constituted as to represent (with other Communities) the Epis- 
copal Church distinctly and acceptcMy. The presence of two 
Bishops or so would at once give the home-public of Church-peo- 
ple the needed confidence. 

At present, for the good of the cause generally, I advise sus- 
pending matters till we see you in England. We hope, ere long, 
to be connected with the Universities, and then we shall be 
stronger in public opinion, and can act more fi-eely. 



60 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

At present our suspended action is not due to any unfriendli- 
ness, but to necessary caution. 

I write this letter in my private capacity, and not as the acting 
chairman of our Compan3\ * * * * 

Very faithfully yours, 

C. J. Gloucester and Bristol. 

[In consequence of the preceding letter of Bishop Ellicott, which explains the 
delay, Dr. Schaff resumed cori'espondence with several American Bishops, and 
succeeded iu securing the valuable aid of the venerable Bishop Lee. of the Dio- 
cese of Delaware, who is next to the Senior Bishop iu age and rank, and second to 
none of his colleagues on the Episcopal bench in sound learning, judgment, and 
weight of character. He was one of the most regular members of the New Testa- 
ment Company, and attended almost every meeting till October, 1880. Other Bish- 
ops declined, not, however, from opposition to the work of revision, but chiefly 
in consequence of the refusal of the House of Bishops at the Baltimore General 
Convention of 1871, to have any official connection with it. See the action on 
the Letter of the Bishop of Winchester, pjj. 48 and 49. 

It is proper that the letters of the Bishops, before and after the preceding let- 
ter of Bishop Ellicott, in reply to the invitation, should be published here together, 
beginning with that of the late Bishop Mcllvaiue, of Ohio, who was best known 
in England and America, and first invited by Dr. Schaff as soon as he received 
authority to that effect from England. It is not necessary to print the letters of 
invitation.] 

[Bishop Mcllvaine, D.D., LL.D., to Dr. Schaff.] 

Cincinnati, May 20, 1871. 
Eev. and Dear Sir : 

I have just returned home after a week's absence, having re- 
ceived in the hour of departure your obliging communication on 
the subject of revision of the Scripture version. 

I am glad that as the revision iu England was set on foot by 
a Convocation of the Church of England, and is proceeding mainly 
under such guidance and control, in constituting an American 
Committee to co-operate, the work of formation has been given 
by the British Committee to a non-Episcopalian^ and to you:" This 
will greatly help not only the all-sidedness of the work, but in 
case it shall bo desirable to introduce it into substitution for the 
present version will very materially prepare the way for such result. 

I am much indebted to you for the khid estimate you evince of 
my revisionary qualifications, in doing me so great an honor as to 
ask me to be on the American Committee. But I am sure you 
have overestimated my ability. The sort of life a Bishop must 

[* Tlie italics are the bishop's.] 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 61 

have led, who for almost forty years has superintended this large 
diocese, is not favorable to the sharpness and fullness of that 
sort of learning and that habit of mind which such revision de- 
mands. But there is a reason for my asking you to excuse me 
which admits of no question. The state of brain-health, is such 
that I can undertake nothing that would require close inves- 
tigation, and especially critical stud}-. It seems to have be- 
come so established that during the few years, at the very longest, 
that I may be continued here, I can expect nothing but, by 
great caution and quietness, to be enabled to do my moderate 
and untasking work. I shall carefully mind your word " covji- 
dentiair 

Tliere is a clergyman of my diocese, Professor of Divinity in 
the Theological Seminary thereof, at Gambler, an excellent He- 
brew and Greek scholar, whose mind has been much given to in- 
terpretation, who I think would be a very good member of the 
Committee — the Eev. J. J. McElhinney, D.D., of Gambler, Ohio.* 

Yours very respectfully, 

Chas. p. McIlvaine. 

The Rev. Dr. Schaff. 

[Letter of Bishop Lee, D.D., to Rev. Dr. Washburn.] 

Wilmington, Del., Nov. 10, 1871. 
My Dear Dr. Washburn : 

I am indebted to you for your favor of 7th inst., and for the 
kind interest you take in the matter of my consenting to act with 
the Revision Committee. I agree with you in the opinion that 
our Church ought to be represented in a work of such great im- 
portance. The point on which I differ with you is my compe- 
tence to take this position. It seems to me that it Avould be 
assuming on my part a measure of scholarship which I know does 
not belong to me, and that I should be incurring a greater re- 
sponsibility than I can well meet. I should not think it right to 
occupy a merely nominal position in so weighty an enterprise, 
and one the result of which will be so anxiously awaited by such 
multitudes of Christian people. 

Then I doubt if it would be safe for me to impose a heavier 

['" Considerations of convenience and economy induced the Committee not to 
invite scholars living at a great distance from New Tork, where th.e monthly 
meetings were held.] 



62 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

burden upon my eyes and head than they are now obhged to 
bear. Has the name of the Rev. Dr. Hare, of Philadelphia, been 
suggested ? My impression is that he is one of our best bibhcal 
scholars, and that he might be willing to serve.* 

I have an engagement in New York next Thursday evening, 
and will try to call on you the day following, but hardly think I 
can be led to take a different view on the subject. 
I remain, very sincerely, yours, 

AiiFRED Lee. 

Rev. E. a. Washburn, D.D., 

New York. 



[Dr. Wasliburn to Bishop Lee.] 

New York, Calvary Rectory, 
103 E. 21st St., 11 March, 1872. 
Dear Bishop Lee : 

I have been requested by Dr. Schaff to write again, and ask 
your permission to place your name on the list of the American 
Committee of Revision. It was at your kind suggestion that Dr. 
Hare was invited ; and this choice is most satisfying to all. 
But you will doubtless remember that you gave me, at that time, 
good reasons to think, should he be made one of the Old Testa- 
ment Company, that you would be willing to be added to the 
number. 

It is felt to be more and more important to secure the influ- 
ence, so far as our Church is concerned, of one of its most hon- 
ored heads. I may repeat, what I wrote before, that you will be 
asked to give no more toil in this Avork of supervision than you 
choose. All know your load of official duty. But your charac- 
ter, both as a scholar and as a Bishop whom all good men of aU 
parties respect, ma}^ be and will be in this day of discord most 
valuable for the sacred work of revision. May I not beg you, my 
dear Bishop, for that reason above all ; for the doing of a task we 
must hold to be the highest and holiest in this ago of Christen- 
dom ; for the union of our own Church in this common duty of aU 
Protestant churches, to grant this request ? 

[* Dr. Hare, of the Episcopal Divinity School in Philadelphia, was invited at 
this siif,fgestion, and accepted. He has been connected with the O. T. Company 
from the beginning.] 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 63 

Let me hope, dear Bisliop Lee, to receive your affirmative ; 
and believe me, with great respect, 

Yours very faithfully, 

E. A. Washburn. 

The Rt. Rev. Alfred Lee, D.D., 

Wilmington, Del. 



[Bishop Lee to Dr. Wasliburn.] 

Wilmington, Del., March 18, 1872. 
My Dear Dr. Washburn : 

I have given renewed consideration to the subject of your let- 
ter of 11th inst., and appreciate very highly the kiod and favorable 
expressions it contains. I find it painful to be obliged again to 
decline a request so strongly urged from such a source. 

But I feel that to permit my name to be associated with this 
great and important work would be taking a position before the 
Christian community to Avhicli I am not entitled and assuming a 
wrong character. The very limited aquaintance which I made 
with the Hebrew language in my education for the ministry I 
have not been able to maintain, owing to a difficulty of vision in 
former years and to the pressing duties of a later period. I can- 
not but think those who serve on this Revision Committee ought 
to be competent judges of the emendations proposed, whether of 
text or of translation. 

Respecting the success of the enterprise I have little doubt. 
The result of the best scholarship of the Church in England and 
America will command assent, and the opposition will speedily 
subside. 

W^ith sincere thanks to Rev. Dr. Schaff for his flattering pro- 
posal 

I remain sincerely yours, 

Alfred Lee. 

Rev. E. a. Washburn, D.D. 



[Dr. Wasliburu to Bishop Lee.] 

Calvary Rectory, March 19, 1872. 
My Dear Bishop Lee : 

I must beg pardon for trespassing anew on your time and 
patience, but I omitted in my last to add one very weighty sug- 



64 DOCUMENTATIY HISTORY OF THE 

gestion. Your kind letter reminds me of it. It is the wish of 
Dr. Schaff that you should take part in either division of the 
work you prefer. If the Greek be more fitted to your taste, or 
your line of study, the New Testament Company will gladly wel- 
come 3"our co-operation. 

I take the liberty to write this, because it meets your own ex- 
pressed objection. Let me still hope that you will accept the 
invitation, and believe me 

Very cordially yours, 

E. A. Washburn. 

The Eight Rev. Alfred Lee, D.D, 

[A few weeks after the date of this letter, in April or IMay, 1873, Bishop Lee 
had a personal interview with Dr. Schaff and Dr. Washburn, and consented to 
serve as a member on the New Testament Company.] 



[Bishop Williams, D.D., to Dr. Schaff.] 

MmDLETOWN, Feb. 26, 1872. 
My Deae Dr. Schaff : 

In some correspondence with the Bishop of Winchester I have 
respectfully declined to take even the very humble part I could 
take in the now pending revision of the Bible. 

Let me assure you it is from no feeling that a revision is not 
needed, nor yet from any unwillingness to invoke aid in making it 
from others than members of the Church of England that I have 
been led to this view of my duty. Quite other grounds than those 
are the ones 1 stand on, though I need not trouble you with any 
details as to their character. 

With great respect truly yours, 

J. Williams. 
The Rev. Dr. Schaff. 

[Dr. Schaff to Bishop Williams.] 

New Yoriv, March 11, 1872. 
My Dear Bishop : 

I just received the inclosed letter from the Bishop of St. An- 
drews,^ and forward it to you without delay, hoping that it may 



[" Dr. Wordsworth, a member of the British New Testament Company, who 
urged Bishop ^Vi]liams to co-operate with the American Committee.] 



AMEPvICAlSr BIBLE REVISION" COMMITTEE. 65 

have the desh-ed effect, in which case you will have the kindness 
to inform me. 

Believe me, with great respect yours, 

Philip Schaef. 

Right Rev. Dr. Williams, Bishop of Connecticut. 



[Bishop Williams to Dr. Schaff.] 

MiDDLETOWN, March 15, 1872. 
My Dear Dk. Schaff : 

I thank you heartily for your courteous note, and for sendii^g 
me the letter of the Bishop of St. Andrews. 

My views as to my duty are not, however, changed, and I must 
still decline the honor you offer me. Some day I hope I may 
have the opportunity to converse with you, and I think I can 
convince you that my reasons are sufficient. With most sincere 
respect I am 

Very truly yours, 

J. Williams. 



[Bishop Whittingham, D.D., to Dr. Schafl.] 
[Private] 

Baltimore, Feb. 24, 1872. 
My Dear Dr. Schaff : 

I have already, some time ago, declined an invitation from the 
Bishop of Winchester (late of Oxford) to take part in the revis- 
ion of the Authorized Version now carrying on by the Convoca- 
tion of Canterbury, for reasons made known to him — not arising 
out of any hostility on my part to the revision itself. 

Of course, I am unable to accept the gratifying and courteous 
invitation wliich you now extend to me. 

I am glad of the opportunity thus afforded me of saying how 
much pleasure I have in any approach to the renewal of well- 
remembered profitable intercourse enjoyed in former days, and 
how truly I am 

Your faithful and affectionate friend and brother, 

W. B. Whittingham. 

Rev. Dk. Schaff. 
5 



66 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

[Dr. Scbaff to Bishop Whittingham.] 

New York, May 7, 1872. 

Bishop Whittingham, D.D., Baltimore. 
My Dear Bishop : 

A letter from Bishop Ellicotfc just received induces me to solicit 
again your valuable aid in the pending revision movement. 

I succeeded in securing Bishop Lee, who, at first, likewise de- 
clined, for the New Testament Company, but I have no Bishop 
for the Old Testament Company. It is of very great importance 
for the work both in this country and in Great Britain that the 
Episcopate should be well represented. I know of no one whom 
for various reasons I would rather have associated with the work 
than yourself. I respectfully entreat you, therefore, to give us 
the benefit of your name and influence. We will relieve you of 
labor as much as possible and send you the proofs for your 
inspection. 

If you join us we shall be able to move along harmoniously and 
satisfactorily. In every other respect things are ready. One 
more Bishop, and the composition of the two Companies will be 
complete and unassailable. We must fall in with this oecumenical 
revision movement as matters now stand, or run the risk of an in- 
definite multiplication of sectarian versions, as there are already 
a Baptist and a Unitarian Version. 

I expect to sail for England next Saturday, and to confer in per- 
son with the revisers. Please answer immediately. If you can- 
not before I depart, please write to my colleague. Prof. Henry B. 

Smith, 108 East 25th Street. 

Most respectfully yours, 

Philip Schaff. 



[Bishop Whittingham to Dr. Schaff.] 

Baltimore, May 8, 1 872. 
Bev. Dr. Schaff. 

My Dear Brother : 
My position in regard of the Authorized Version of the English 
Bible was not taken without much reflection and some conference 
with others. However unwilling to decline any proposition ur- 
gently addressed by one whom I respect so veiy highly, I must, 
therefore, adhere to my resolution to withhold myself from partici- 



AMERICAN BIBLE EEVISION COMMITTEE. 67 

pation in the work, of which I have not yet seen any occasion to 
change my views. 

Heartily wishing you much usefulness and enjoyment in your 
contemplated European trip, I am with very hearty affectionate 
respect 

Tour friend and brother, 

W. K. Whittingham. 



[Circular letter of Dr. Schaff to Prof. Tbos. J. Conant, D.D., Brooklyn, N. T. ; 
Prof. Wm. Henry Greeu, D.D., Princeton, N. J. ; Prof. Geo. Einlen Hare, D.D., 
Pliiladelpliia, Pa. ; Rev. Theodore D. Woolsey, D.D., LL. D., New Haven, Conn. ; 
and other members of the Committee.] 

New York, March 16, 1872. 
Deae Sir: 

I am happy to inform you that the selection of biblical scholars 
who are to constitute the American Committee of Revision meets 
the entire approval of the British Committee as far as it goes. 
At the same time I am requested by several members of that 
Committee to select and invite three or four more members with 
a view to balance and satisfy all denominational interests and 
wishes, and to report as soon as possible, that the work may then 
proceed without obstruction. The Church of England members 
are especially desirous that one or two Bishops should join the 
Committee. It is not my fault if this has not been done before, 
as my correspondence will prove. But I will make another 
effort. 

Having passed the responsibility of enlarging the Committee 
into the hands of the Committee itself, I do not wish to carry 
out the request of the British Committee without the consent 
and authority of the American Committee, and as I cannot expect 
them to come to New York simply for this purpose, I take this 
mode of asking you and the other members, whether, in your 
opinion, I shall proceed without delay to select and invite three 
or four additional members of the Revision Committee, and. if 
they accept, to notify them of the next meeting of the Committee. 

Hoping to hear from you at your earhest convenience, 

I am truly yours, 

Philip Schaff. 

[Affirmative replies were received from all the members addressed.] 



68 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

[Dr. Angus to Dr. Sehaff.] 

College, Begent's Park, 22 April, 1872. 
My Dear Dr. Schaff : 

Your note has just reached me, and I send at once replies to 
your queries. I hope you will be able to read them. 

I had hoped that before this our first revision would have 
reached you. Bishop Wordsworth has had Bishop AVilliams's 
reply, which is friendly, but he declines serving, on grounds of 
etiquette, i.e., he does not like to serve when his brethren have 
decided negatively. (The mistake was in asking them as a 
hody.) 

We should at our last meeting (just held) have resolved to send 
you the New Testament revision ; but Bishop Ellicott said you 
were expecting to get a Bishop to join, and so nothing was done. 
If this refers, as I gather, to Bishop Lee, I think it Avould be well 
to press him to join. It is desirable to take away all excuse for 
not co-operating. 

This delay, and the hope of having everything satisfactory, have 
made the Committee of Convocation slow to bring the matter be- 
fore the Old Testament Company. It is only now formally before 
them. I hope, however, all will go well. Time and patience are 
needed when great bodies have to move. If Bishop Lee join the 
Old Testament Company that will relieve the difficulty : so specially 
would one Bishop on each. 

I shall be glad to report Prof. Warren's appointment : that and 
Dr. Kendrick's will do good. 

We shall be glad to see you when on our side. We had our 
united gathering of the two Companies and other friends last 
week. Had I known of your coming I would have moved to put 
it off till then. It is only rarely that the meetings of the two 
Companies synchronize. In great haste to catch the mail. 

Yours sincerely, 
' J. A. 

[Dr. Schaff to Dr. Angus.] 

New York, April 12, 1872. 
Prof. Jos. Angus, D.D., London. 

My Dear Sir : 
I am happy to inform you that Bishop Leo, of Delaware, with 
whom I had a long interview yesterday, has consented to join 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISIOlSr COMMUTE 10. 69 

the New Testament Company of our Revision Committee. This 
breaks the force of opposition from that quarter, and will satisfy, 
I hope, the Churchmen of England. Bishop Lee is one of the 
most worthy and influential of the American Bishops, and his 
judgment has great weight. 

I learnt from Bishop Lee that the House of Bishops, at their 
late session in Baltimore, declined to take any action on a letter 
from the Bishop of Winchester inviting their co-operation in the 
work of revision. This non-action, in connection with the open 
opposition of a few Bishops, has created the false impression that 
the Bishops as a body were unfi-iendly to the movement. He 
thinks that the scruples of some will be gradually overcome, 
especially if the Convocation of York should fall in. 

I have not received as yet any material to work upon from 
England, and hence we are at a standstill. I may have the 
pleasure of seeing you next June or July. 

Yours truly, 

Philip Schaff. 

[Dr. SchaflE to Bishop EUicott.] 

New York, May 7, 1872. 
My Dear Bishop : 

Your favor of April 22d has just come to hand. I appreciate 
your* motives for caution and delay. 

You will feel considerably relieved if I inform you that Bishop 
Lee, of Delaware, has at last consented to join the New Testament 
Company of revisers. He is an accomplished scholar and an 
admirable Christian gentleman. He is very sound and judicious, 
and one of the most influential as well as oldest members of the 
House of Bishops. 

From the inclosed extracts of letters of Bishops Whittingham, 
WilHams, and Mcllvaine to me, you will be pleased to see their 
kind feeling towards the movement. Wliat induced them to de- 
cline was partly etiquette and partly modesty. 

I shall make another effort to secure Bisliop Whittingham for 
the O. T, Company. He is a good scholar and would best rep- 
resent the High Churchmen among his brethren. If he declines 
again, I shall try Bishop Huntington of Central New York.* 

* [Bishop Huntington was invited tlirough his friend, Prof. Henry B. Smith, 
D.D., during Dr. SchafE's absence in England, but declined.] 



70 DOCUMENT AEY IIISTOEY OF THE 

I expect to sail in the City of Brooklyn next Saturday and to 
proceed first to Scotland. If you will kindly inform me (in care 
of Mr. T. Clark, publisher, Edinburgh) when and where I can best 
see you during the early part of June, I shall be happy to confer 
with you in person on this and other matters. 

With great respect yours, 

Philip Schatf. 
The Lord Bishop of Gloucester and Bhistoi.. 

[During Ms visit to London, in tlie summer of 1872, Dr. Schaff met tlie re- 
visers again in tlie Jerusalem Cliamber, and laid before them tlie results of liis 
labors in the organization of the Committee. He was assured by them that tlie 
result was satisfactory, and that material would now be forwarded to him for the 
work of the American revisers. When at a previous private interview he asked 
Dean Stanley whether one bishop was sufficient, he promptly replied : " One 
bishop is quite enough."] 



[Dean Stanley to Dr. Schaff.] 

Deanery, Westminster, July 17, 1882. 
IVIy Dear Dr. Schaff : 

.... I sincerely trust that you wHl not think of retiring. 
You deserve, in my opinion, much gratitude and respect for the 
patience and forbearance with which you have borne our tedious 
negotiations, and I think that you ought to have whatever credit 
there may be in carrying on to the end what I trust will be 
entirely successful. 

I have uo doubt that all will now go smooth, and by the time 
you return [from the Continent] I trust that official intelligence 
will reach you to the same efi'ect. . . . 

Yours sincerely, 

A. P. Stanlfy. 



[Circular Letter of Dr. Schaff to the American Revisers.] 

New York, Sept. 13, 1872. 
Dear Sir : 

I have the honor to inform you that, during a recent visit to 
England, I have succeeded in completing the arrangements for 
co-operation Avith the British Committee of Bible Revision, and 
that confidential copies of the revised version of several books 
of the Old and New Testaments have been forwarded to mo for 
the use of the members of the American Committee. 



AMEEICAISr BIBLE REVISIOISr COMMITTEE. 71 

Tou are therefore requested to attend a meeting of the Ameri- 
can revisers to be held on Friday, Oct. 4, 1872, at 2 p.m., in my 
study in the Bible House, for the purpose of completing the 
organization and commencing actual work. It is especially im- 
portant that this meeting should be fully attended. 

Respectfully yours, 

Philip Schatf. 

Rev. Dr. Woolsey, and otheks. 



MEETING OF THE COMMITTEE, 
OCTOBEK 4, 1872. 

The Organisation ComjAeted. 
[From the Minutes of tlie Am. Com.] 

New York, Oct. 4, 1872. 

The American Committee on the Revision of the English Au- 
thorized Version of the Bible met this day, at 2 p m., at the study 
of Dr. Scliaff, No. 40 Bible House,* to complete their organiza- 
tion and make arrangements for the work before them. 

Present : Drs. DeWitfc, Green, Hare, Strong, Lee, Woolsey, 
Abbot, Kendrick, Thayer, Schaff, and Day. 

Rev. Dr. Woolsey was appointed temporary Chairman. After 
prayer by Bishop Lee, the minutes of the last meeting were read 
and approved. 

Prof. Charles Short and Prof. James Hadley were unanimously 
elected, and took their seats as members of the Committee. 

Letters, or messages, were received from Profs. Kvauth, Lewis, 
Smith, Hackett, Warren, and Riddle, expressing their regret at 
not being able to be present, with the assurance of their con- 
tinued readiness to co-operate. 

Printed copies of the revision by the British Companies, so far 
as completed, viz., in the O. T. of Genesis, Exodus, and Leviticus ; 
in the N. T. of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, were 
then distributed to the members of the American Companies, with 

[* The study of Dr. SchafE was afterwards removed to No. 43 in the same 
building-, and this and the adjoining room, No. 44, were used by tlie two Compa- 
nies of American revisers till the close of their worlv. It is proper to remark 
that the American Bible Society, which owns the Bible House, but rents out 
many rooms to individuals and religious societies, is in no way responsible for 
the revision, and is, by its present constitution, restricted to King James's Ver- 
sion.! 



72 DOCUMENT A KY HISTORY OF THE 

the express understanding that they should be regarded and kept 

as strictly confidential. 

After a brief statement by Dr. Schaff in regard to the present 

state of the work of revision in Great Britain, and the desire of 

the British Committee to come into immediate connection with 

the American Committee, the following officers were appointed 

by ballot : 

Eev. Dr. Schaff, President. 

Prof. George E. Day, Secretary. 

Prof. Charles Short, Treasurer. 

It was then voted : 

1. That the two Companies hold their meetings in New York. 

2. That the officers of the Committee be authorized to secure 
the room No. 42 in the Bible House for one year or less, and to 
purciiase the necessary furniture. 

3. That Profs. Short, Day, and Green be a Committee to report 
upon the means of obtaining the necessary funds for the prosecu- 
tion of the work of the Committee. 

The two Companies then separated for the purpose of organiza- 
tion. On meeting again the O. T. Company reported that they 
had made choice of Prof. William Henry Green, Chairman ; and 
Prof. George E. Day, Secretary. The N. T. Company reported 
that they had elected Rev. Dr. Woolsey, Chairman; and Prof. 
Charles Short, Secretary." 

The Committee then adjourned to meet at No. 40 Bible House 
on Saturday, Nov. 2, at 9 a.m. 

Geokge E. Day, 

Secretary. 

[Dr. Scbaff to Bishop Ellicott.] 

New York, Oct. 12, 1872. 
My Lord : 

I have the honor to inform you that the American Committee 
of revisers is now fully organized, and lias entered upon its work. 

A meeting of the revisers was held in my &tudy on the 4tli of 
October. Bishop Lee opened the meeting with jDraycr. Most of 
the members Avere present ; the rest sent letters asking to be ex- 

[* Afterwards Prof. Tliayer was also elected Secretary of the N. T. Company 
and relieved Prof. Short of a part of the work, whicli became very laborious as 
the revision proceeded.] 



AMERICAIST BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 73 

cused for unavoidable absence, but expressing deep interest in 
the work, and their readiness to co-operate. 

I distributed among the members present copies of the revised 
version of Genesis, Exodus, and Leviticus, and of the Gospels of 
St. Matthew, St. Mark, and St. Luke, which were intrusted to me 
by the British Committee for the exclusive use of the American 
Committee. The confidential character of these documents will 
be sacredly respected. 

The organization was then completed by the unanimous elec- 
tion of the undersigned as President ; of Prof. George E. Day, 
D.D., of Yale College, New Haven, as Corresponding Secretary ; 
and of Prof. Charles Short, LL.D., of Columbia College, New 
York, as Treasurer. 

The Company for the revision of the Old Testament elected 
Prof. "W. Henry Green, D.D., of the Theological Seminary at 
Princeton, its Cli airman, and Prof. Day Eecording Secretary. 
The officers of the New Testament Company are the Eev. Ex- 
President Theodore Woolsey, D.D., LL.D., of New Haven, 
Chairman, and Prof, Charles Short, Recording Secretary, 

Both Companies agreed to hold periodical meetings every 
month. The next meeting will begin Nov, 2, We have rented 
and furnished a room in the Bible House, and shall soon take 
measures to provide for the necessary expenses. 

As President of the whole Committee it is my duty according 
to Art, III, of our constitution to conduct the official correspond- 
ence with the British revisers. 

It is in discharge of this duty that I write this letter, 

I look forward with great pleasure to a continuance of the 
correspondence with our brethren in England, 

I may add that our recent meeting was a very harmonious one, 
and gives good promise of earnest and vigorous co-operation wdth 
the British Committee, "VVe apprehend no material difference, 
and feel confident that so noble and holy a work, which engages 
the united labors and prayers of Christian scholars from all 
branches of Anglo-Saxon Christendom, will be crowned with the 
blessing of the Divine Author of the Scriptures, 

I assure you and the members of the Company you represent 
of my profound regard and best wishes and prayers for the suc- 
cess of your work. Truly yours, 

Philip Schaff. 
The LoKD BisHCP of Gloucester and Bristol, 
Chairman of tlie New Test. Comp. of Revision. 



74 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOKY OF THE 

[Bishop EUicott to Dr. ScliafF.] 

Gloucester, Not. 21, 1872. 
Dear Dr. Schaff : 

I am requested by the New Testament Company to thank you 
for your kind note and to express their sincere pleasure at hear- 
ing so excellent an account of your progress. 

The Company present their kind compliments and best Avishes 
to the distinguished scholars over whom you preside. 

Very faithfully yours, 
C. J. Gloucester and Bristol. 



[Bishop Ellicott to Dr. ScLaff.] 

Gloucester, Dec. 24, 1872. 
My Dear Dr. Schaff: 

My friends forming our Company desire me to thank you kindlj 
for your note, and rejoice in your progress. 

I am further to tell you that we did send two extra copies. If 
they did not reach you, please kindly send word. 

I am also to mention that we do not issue copies to any save 
actual members (working) of the Company. "''' . . . 
With kind regards, 

Very sincerely yours, 

C. J. Gloucester and Bristol. 



LIST OF THE AMERICAN REVISION COMMITTEE. 

As finally constituted. 

This list includes those members who were subsequently elected 
by the Committee themselves to fill vacancies. 

GENERAL OFFICERS OF THE COMMITTEE : 

Philip Schaff, D.D., LL.D., President. 
George E. Day, D.D., Secretary. 

(1) Old Testament Comixiny : 
Professor Wm. Henry Green, D.D., LL.D. (Chairman), Theo- 
logical Seminary, Princeton, N. J. 

[* This refusal made void the proposed election of Honorary Members from 
the more distant sections of the country.] 



AMEEICATT BIBLE REVISIOlsr COMMITTEE. 75 

Professor George E. Day D.D. (Secretary), Divinity School of 
Tale College, New Haven, Conn. 

Professor Chaeles A. Aiken, D.D., Theological Seminary, 
Princeton, N. J. 

The Eev. T. W. Chambers, D.D., Collegiate Pteformed Dutch 
Church, New York. 

Professor Thomas J. Conant, D.D., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Professor John DeWitt, D.D., Theological Seminary, New 
Brunswick, N. J. 

Professor George Emlen Hare, D.D., LL.D., Divinity School, 
Philadelphia. 

Professor Charles P. Krauth, D.D., LL.D., Vice-Provost of the 
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. 

Professor Tayler Lewis, LL.D., Union College, Schenectady, 
N. Y. 

Professor Charles M. Mead, D.D., Theological Seminary, An- 
dover, Mass. 

Professor Howard Osgood, D.D., LL.D., Theological Seminary, 
Rochester, N. Y. 

Professor Joseph Packard, D.D., Theological Seminary, Alex- 
andria, Va. 

Professor Calvin E. Stowe, D.D., Hartford, Conn. 

Professor James Strong, S. T. D., Theological Seminary, Madi- 
son, N. J. 

Professor C. A. Van Dyck, D.D., M.D., Beirat, Syria (Advisory 
Member on questions of Arabic). 

Note. — The American Old Testament Company lost by death Prof. Tayleb 
Lewis, d. 1877; Dr. Krauth, Philadelphia, d. Jan. 2, 1883; aud Dr. Stowe, by 
resignation. 

(2) New Testament Company. 

Ex-President T. D. Woolsey, D.D., LL.D. (Chairman), New 
Haven, Conn. 

Professor J. Henry Thayer, D.D. (Secretary), Theological Sem- 
inary, Andover, Mass. 

Professor Ezra Abbot, D.D., LL.D, Divinity School, Harvard 
University, Cambridge, Mass. 

The Eev. J. K. Burr, D.D., Trenton, N. J. 

President Thomas Chase, LL.D., Haverford College, Pa. 

Chancellor Howard Crosby, D.D., LL.D., New York. 



76 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY OF THE 

Professor Timothy Dwight, D.D., Divinity School of Yale Col- 
lege, New Ilaven, Conn. 

Professor James Hadley, LL.D., Yale College, New Haven, 
Conn. 

Professor HoRATio B. Hackett, D.D., LL.D., Theological Sem- 
inary, Rochester, N. Y. 

Professor Charles Hodge, D.D., LL.D., Theological Seminary, 
Princeton, N. J. 

Professor A. C. Kendrick, D.D., LL.D., University of Eoch- 
ester, N. Y. 

The Eight Eev. Alfred Lee, D.D., Bishop of the Diocese of 
Delaware. 

Professor Matthew B. Riddle, D.D., Theological Seminary, 
Hartford, Conn. 

Professor Philip Schaff, D.D., LL.D., Union Theological Sem- 
inary, New York. 

Professor Charles Short, LL.D. (Secretary), Columbia Col- 
lege, New York. 

Professor Henry Boynton Smith, D.D,, LL.D., Union Theolog- 
ical Seminary, New York. 

The Rev. E. A. Washburn, D.D., LL.D., Calvary Church, New 
York. 

Note. — The American New Testament Company lost by death Prof. James 
Hadley (who attended the first session), d. 1872 ; Dr. Henry Boyntox Smith 
(who attended one session, and resigned from ill health), d. 1877 ; Dr. HORATiO 
B. Hackett, d. 1876 ; Dr. Charles Hodge (who never attended the meetings, 
but corresponded with the Committee), d. 1878 ; Rev. Dr. Washburn, d. Feb. 2, 
1881 (after the completion of the N. T. Revision); and Rev. Dr. Buuii, d. April 34, 
18S2. Dr. G. R. Crooks and Dr. W. F. Warrex, who accepted the original 
appointment, found it impossible to attend any meetings and resigned. 

A number of Bishops of the Protestant Episcopal Church, and professors of 
sacred learning, who had been invited to join the American Committee; at its first 
organization in 1871, declined, from v/ant of time or other reasons, but expressed 
interest in the work, and confidence in its success. Among these may be men- 
tioned Bishops Mcllvaine, Whittingham, and Williams, Dr. Whedon (Methodist), 
Dr. Nevin (Reformed), Dr. Shedd (Presbyterian). 

MEMBEES OF THE FINANCE COMMITTEE 

Co-operating with the American Bible Eevision Committee, 

This Committee was appointed in May, 1875, at the suggestion 
of several laymen, with a view to relieve the revisers of financial 
care and responsibility. The list includes all the members who 
have at any time been connected with the Committee. 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 77 

Hon. Nathan Bishop, LL.D., Chairman,* New York. 

Andrew L. Taylou, Treasurer, " 

Eev. Wm. Adams, D.D., LL.D., " 

Rev. Tlios. D. Anderson, D.D., " 

A. S. Barnes, " 

Alexander Brown, Pliiladelpliia. 

James M. Brown, New York. 

William A. Cauldwell, New York. 

Hon. Wm. E. Dodge, " 

Rev. H. Dyer, D.D., " 

John Elliott, " 

Hon. E. L. Faucher, LL.D., New York. 

Prof. Wm. Gammell, LL.D., Providence, E. I. 

John C. Havemejer, Yonkers, N. Y. 

Morris K. Jesup, New York. 

Francis T. King, Baltimore. 

Rev. Henry C. Potter, D.D., LL.D., New York. 

Howard Potter, " 

ElHott F. Shepard, Esq. 

John Sloane, " 

Roswell Smith,t 

Rev. Richard S. Storrs, D.D., LL.D., Brooklyn. 

Charles Tracy, Esq., New York. 

John B. Trevor, " 

yjex. Van Rensselaer (d. May, 1878). 

S. D. Warren, Boston. 

Norman White, New York. 

F. S. Winston, " 

* After the death of Dr. Bisliop in Aug., 1880, Judge Fancher, of New York, 
was elected in Lis place. 
f Resigned, March, 1881. 



i^att Secontr. 



COEEESPONDENCE OF THE AMEEICAN COMMITTEE 
WITH THE ENGLISH COMPANIES. 



CORRESPONDENCE OF THE AMERICAN COM- 
MITTEE WITH THE ENGLISH COMPANIES. 



FIPvST ACTION OP THE AMERICAN COMMITTEE. 

[From the Minutes, pp. 26, 27.] 

New Yoek, Saturday, May 31, 1873. 

The subject of the practical relations of the American revisers 
to the Euglish was brought up, especially as respects the influence 
of our suggestions upon their final action. A general and 
decided expression of opinion Avas made, resulting in a vote of 
instructions to Dr. Schaff, as follows : 

" That Dr. Schaff, on his approaching visit to England confer 
with our English brethren, especially in reference to the follow- 
ing points : What weight shall the opinions of the American 
Committee have in determining the revision ; and that he be 
authorized to intimate that wo expect to have a positive and well- 
defined weight in the decision : and farther (if he shall find it 
necessary), that he request them to appoint those of then- number 
who may come to America in October to act with jpower as a 
committee of conference with us on this subject." 

Adjourned to meet in New Haven, July 8, 1873, at 7.30 P. M. 

J. H. Thayer, Sec. pro terr 
Attest : 

George E. Day, 
Sec. 



RESPONSE OF THE BRITISH COMPANIES. 

1. Of the Old Testament Coinpcmy. 

At a meeting of the O. T. Company of revisers, held in the 
Chapter Library, Westminster, on Thursday, July 17, 1873, the 
following resolution was passed : 



6 



82 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY OF THE 

" That this Company have heard, with great pleasure, from 
Dr. Schaff, of the cordiahty with which the American revisers 
have entered into the work and of the progress they have ah-eady 
made. 

" That they are prepared to give the most careful consideration 
to any suggestions that may be made to them by the American 
Committee, but are of opinion that by the original constitution, 
as well as by the terms of their agreement with the University 
Presses, the}^ have not the power to admit to a share in the right 
of voting any but the members of their own Company. 

"That it is their desire to recognize, in the fullest Avay compat- 
ible with this limitation, the labors of the American Committee, 
but that they feel it would be premature, in the present stage of 
their proceedings, to settle the details of an arrangement by which 
that recognition could be adequately secured." 

2. Of the New Testament Company. 

At a meeting of the New Testament Company, held in the 
Jerusalem Chamber, on Wednesda}^, July 16, 1873, it was resolved 
unanimously : 

" That the New Testament Company learn with lively satis- 
faction, from Dr. Schaff, that the American Bible Kevision Com- 
mittee are making such favorable progress, and that the results 
arrived at by the two bodies are so much in accordance. Tlie 
N. T. Company are glad to have this opportunity of repeating 
the assurance tliat they will attach gi-eat weiglit and importance 
to all the suggestions of the American Committee, and in each 
case take into account the unanimity or preponderance of opinion 
with which the suggestions have been made : but they are pre- 
cluded by the fundamental rules of their constitution, as well as 
by the terms of their agreement with the University Presses, from 
admitting any persons, not members of tlicir body, to take part 
in their decisions. 

" The N. T. Company desire, finally, to express their confident 
hope that no ultimate difficulties will bo found in adjusting any 
points in which the American and English Companies may 
differ in their respective decisions." 



AMERICAN BIBLE KEVISION COMMITTEE. 83 

ACTION OF THE AMEEICAN COMMITTEE ON THE 
PKECEDING EESOLUTIONS. 

(From the Minutes, p. 33 seq.) 

New Yorjv, Sept. 30, 1873. 

. . . Dr. Schaff, having returned from Earope, but not being 
able, on account of other engagements, to be present, sent the fol- 
lowing resolutions of the two British Companies — that of the 0. T. 
Company from the Bishop of Ely ; that of the N. T. Company 
through Bishop Ellicott, — to the effect that, while purposing to 
give careful attention to any suggestions made by the American 
Committee, they do not regard themselves as able to admit to the 
right of voting any but the members residing in Great Britain. 
[Now follow the resolutions, printed above.] 

After remarks by several members of the Committee, Drs. 
Crosby, Hare, Aiken, Washburn, and Day were requested to pre- 
pare a paper expressive of our views, to be presented to-morrow 
morning at 9 o'clock. Adjourned to that hour. 

Wednesday, Oct. 1, 1873. 

Met according to adjournment at 9 A. m. Dr. Schaff in the 
chair. Prayer was offered by Dr. Stowe. The paper prepared 
by the committee apj^ointed yesterday was presented and dis- 
cussed, and a verbal statement was made by Dr. Schaff of his 
conference with the British Committee. 

At this point the discussion was siispended in order to allow Dr. 
Dorner, Professor in the University of Berlin, now in attendance 
upon the meeting of the Evangelical Alliance in New York, and 
a member of the German Commission engaged in the revision of 
Luther's Version, to be introduced. He gave an interesting ac- 
count, in German, of the progress already made, and expressed 
a desire for a mutual correspondence between the American and 
German Committees. 

A committee, consisting of Drs. Woolsey, Day, Riddle, and 
Green, was appointed to prepare a suitable paper in response to 
this invitation, and to rej)ort the same at the present meeting. 

The Itev. Dr. Angus, a member of the British Committee, who 
had been invited to meet with us, then gave a statement of their 
views in regard to the nature of our co-operation with them ; 
after Avhich the paper which had been prepared, after some mod- 
ifications, was unanimously adopted as follows : 



84 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY OF THE 

" The American Bible Revision Committee, having received a 
reply from both Companies of the Euglish Committee to their in- 
terrogatory concerning the weiglit that their voice would have in 
the final decisions of the revision work, to the effect that the 
American Committee were expected to have no vote in the said 
decisions, would respectfully suggest to the English Committee 
that the Revised Scriptures are designed for the entire English 
speaking people, nearly one half of whom are resident in America, 
and that these so resident Avill naturally look to the ATuerican 
Committee as their authority in the use of the revision. In view 
of this fact, bearing so largely upon the results of the revision 
labor, in the imiform reception of the completed revision, the 
American Committee would urge it as its well-considered opinion 
that the labors of the tv\-o Committees severally should have their 
appropriate influence in the completed work. 

" This proposition is made with a view to the widest circulation 
of the Revised Scriptures, and in the belief that two separate re- 
visions would operate unfortunately for the interests of Protestant 
Christianity. 

" The American Committee feel also impelled to declare that, in 
accepting the invitation of the English Committee, after its 
enlargement in Great Britain, to co-operate with them in the 
revision of the English version of the Scrij)tures, and in adopting 
the same principles and rules, they did so with the understanding 
that the members of the American Companies were invited to a 
joint responsibility with the members of the English Companies, 
and regard the recognition of this relation as most important for 
the success of the undertaking. 

" They Avould also trust that no agreement with the University 
Presses, made subsequently to the organization of the Ameiican 
Committee, may stand as a hinderance to so important a union. 

" They therefore cannot but hope that such an interpretation 
may be given to the rules as will make the adoption of any result 
dependent upon a full and formal co-operation of the American 
Committee. 

" Voted, That this paper, signed by the chairman and secretary, 
be transmitted to the British Companies. 

" Voted, That Drs. Washburn, Crosby, and Aiken be requested to 
confer with Dr. Angus and other members of the British Com- 
mittee who may attend the meetings of the Evangelical Alliance 
in regard to possible modes of responsible co-operation with the 
English Committee, and report the result at the next meeting." 



AMERICAIN" EIBLE EEVISION COMMITTEE. 85 

FUETHEE, ACTION OF THE AMERICAN COMMITTEE, 

March 26, 1875. 
(From tlie Minutes, p. 66.) 

The Bible Revision Committee at its session held March 26, 
1875, at No. 42 Bible House, New York, after full discussion, 
unanimously passed the foUowing resolution : 

"Whereas we have now finished and transmitted to our Eng- 
lish brethren the revision of a large part of the Pentateuch and 
the four Gospels, and enabled them to form a correct estimate of 
the character and merits of our co-operation with them in the 
joint work ; therefore, 

Resolved., That the President of the American Revision Com- 
mittee be authorized and requested to reopen correspondence 
and personal conference (if convenient) with the British Com- 
mittee on the unsettled question of our precise status as to the 
authorship of the joint revision, and to recall to them our previous 
expectation of a " positive and well-defined weight in the final 
determination of the text of the Revised Scriptures." (See our 
instructions to Dr. Scliafi", May 31, 1873.) 

The President shall i-epresent to our British brethren that we 
originally accepted the trust and entered upon our labors under 
the impression that we were fellow-revisers, and not simply ad- 
visers, and that we feel that much of the success of the enterprise 
with the American public depends upon a clear setting forth of 
this principle. The President will also express to our British 
brethren our sense of their courtesy and frankness in their inter- 
course with us, our hearty reciprocation of the kind wishes con- 
veyed to us in letters from both the British Companies, and our 
fervent desire that by the blessing of Almighty God we may hap- 
pily conclude in fraternal harmony the important work in which 

we are now engaged. 

Howard Crosby, Secretary pro tern. 



[Letter of Dr. Scliaff to Bishop Ellicott.] 

42 Bible House, 
New York, April 17, 1875. 
T/ie Lord Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol, 

Chairman of the N. T. Remsion Company. 
My Dear Bishop : 

I have the honor to transmit to you the inclosed action of our 



86 DOCUMENTATIY HISTORY OF TIIE 

joint Revision Committee, which I send also to tlie Chairman of 
the Old Testament Company, 

The Committee desire me to visit England this summer and to 
explain to your Companies our present situation, and the grounds 
of our request. But as the May meetings of j-our two Companies 
synchronize, and as I cannot possibly leave my post before the 
middle of May, perhaps not before June, I forward the document 
in advance, that you may take it into joint consideration if you 
tliinlc proper to do so. 

I am quite confident of a result that shall be satisfactory to 
both parties. You will find us quite reasonable in all minor de- 
tails. 

Our notes on the Gospel of St. John are now in the hands of 
the printer, and Avill be forwarded to Mr. Troutbeck in a few 
days. We have begun Acts. 

Hoping to see you during the coming summer, I am. 
With great respect. 

Your obedient servant, 

Philip Schaff. 

[A similar letter was sent to the Bishop of Winchester, as Chairman of the Old 
Testament Company.] 



[Dr. Schaff to Canon Trou'.bcck.] 

42 Bible House, 
New York, May 1, 1875. 
My De^vr Sir : 

I beg leave to send you by next steamer thirty copies of our 
Notes on St. John for distribution among the members of your 
New Testament Company. We are now in session and have 
just reached Acts, ch. viii., first revision. I will send an extra 
copy to the Bishop of Gloucester. 

The Committee have directed me to reopen negotiations with 
your Committee concerning our precise relation, and wish me to 
do it by personal conference. Perhaps I may leave before the 
close of this month, and see you this summer. 

Very truly yours, 

pHiLir Schaff. 
Canon John Troutbeck, 

Sec. N. T. Revis. ('omi>., 

4 Dean's Yard, Westminster, 



AMERICAISr BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 87 

[Letter of Dr. Day to Dr. ScliofE.] 

New Haven, Conn., May 12, 1875. 
My Dear Dr. Schaff : 

Please find inclosed a certified copy of the resolution in re- 
gard to our relations witli our British brethren. I fully agree 
with you that more can be done in the delicate relations iu which 
we are placed by personal conference with tlie British Companies, 
than by correspondence, and am glad that you have decided 
to cross the ocean again. May He who rules the winds and 
waves watch over you and bring you back in safety and health. 

I am not very sanguine, however, as to the result, and contem- 
plate quite distinctly the possibility that we may be obliged to go 
on with our work alone. ***** 

Your friend truly, 

George E. Day. 



[Letter of Dr. Scliaff to Dr. Day.] 

42 Bible House, 
New York, May 14, 1875. 
My Dear Dr. Day : 

I thank you for your letter and copy of resolution just received, 
I fully agree with the sentiments you express concerniDg the nego- 
tiatioDS with the British Committee. They require extreme deli- 
cacy and j^rudence — much more tliau I possess. Yet I shall do 
the best I can for the Committee. It is simply impossible to do 
it by mere correspondence, and I go at my own expense. The 
Finance Committee which I succeeded in organizing will not 
move till they learn the result of these negotiations— which will 
materially affect their mode of operation. But I am sure they 
will help in any case. 

I send you, inclosed, a letter to the Committee, which please 
lay before them at the next meeting. 

I also inclose a letter from Mr. Wright, Secretary of the O. T. 
Company, which ought to be read before the Committee, as well 
as before the O. T. Company. Please keep and return it to me 
for my correspondence. 

If the O. T. Company have finished Leviticus and Numbers, 
they had better send them directly per express without waiting 
for my leturn. 



88 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY OF THE 

I have just turned over to Mr. Taylor, the new Treasurer, the 
balance of m}^ special collections of the last few clays, which will 
enable the Committee to go on without further aid till the end of 
the year. I have also handed him all business papers and lists 
of donors, etc., and feel greatly relieved. I worked hard on these 
uncongenial business details for the last weeks, and I feel ex- 
hausted. It is high time for me to get away. I have not yet 
begun to pack, but shall positively sail to-morrow, D. V. 

Most trul}' yours, 

Philip Schaff. 



ACTION OF THE BRITISH COMPANIES ON THE AMERI- 
CAN RESOLUTION, 1875. 

[Extract from the Minutes of the Proceedings of tlie New Testament Company, 
on Tuesday, 11th May, 187.J.J 

A joint meeting- of the two Companies was held in the Jerusa- 
lem Chamber, at one o'clock, when the following resolution was 
passed, and ordered to be communicated to Dr. Schaff, as repre- 
senting the American Committee : — 

'' The two English Companies having taken into consideration 
the resolution of the American Bible Revision Committee dated 
March 2 5, 1875, and communicated to them by Dr. Schaff; and 
having also carefully considered their previous correspondence on 
this subject, and especially their resolutions of July 17, 1-873 — 
namely, 'That this Company (the Old Testament Com])any) have 
heard with great pleasure from Dr. Schaflf of the cordiality with 
which the American revisers have entered into the work, and of 
the progress they have already made; that they are prepared to 
give the most carefid consideration to any suggestion that may be 
made to them by the American Committee ; but are of opinion 
that, by their original constitution, as well as by the terms of their 
agreement witli the University Presses, they have not the power 
to admit to a share in the right of voting any but the members of 
their own Company ; that it is their desire to recognize in t\ui f idl- 
est way compatible with this limitation the labors of the American 
Committee ; but they feel it would be premature in the present 
stage of their proceedings to settle the details of an arrangement 
by which that recognition could be adequately secureil.' ' That the 
New Testament Company learu from Dr. Schaff, with lively satis- 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 89 

faction, tliat the American Bible Kevision Committee are making 
such favorable progress, and that the results arrived at by the two 
bodies are so mucli in accoi-dance. The New Testament Com- 
pany are glad to have this opportunity of repeating the assurance 
that they will attach great weight and importance to all the sug- 
gestions of the American Committee, and in each case take into 
account the unanimity and preponderance of opinion with w^hich 
the suggestions have been made ; but they are precluded by the 
fundamental rules of their constitution, as well as by the terms of 
their agreement with the University Presses, from admitting any 
persons not members of their body to take part in their decisions. 
The New Testament Company desire finally to express their confi- 
deut hope that no ultimate difficulties will be found in adjustino" 
any points in which the American and English Companies may 
differ in their respective decisions : ' — it was resolved 

" That the English Companies are unable to depart from the 
above resolutions, but that they will continue to give the greatest 
possible weight to every suggestion of the American Committee, 
and will also endeavor, whether by conference or otherwise, to 
arrive at an agreement upon any points of importance as to which 
the English Companies and the American Committee may not be 
fully agreed." 

J. Troutbeck, Secretary. 



A PLEA FOR THE AMERICAN COMMITTEE. 

Al)stract of two addresses made by Dr. Schaff, on behalf of the American Committee, 
before the New Testament Company (the Lord Bishop of Gloncester and Bristol in the 
chair), ;n the Jcrusali'm Chamber, June 15, 18r5 ; and before the Old Testament Company 
(the Lord Bishop of Winchester in the chair), in the Chapter Library, Westminster, July 8, 
1875. 

I have tlie honor to appear before you a second time, on behalf of the Amer- 
ican Revision Committee, to arrange the terms of a final settlement of the text of 
the Revised Scriptures, and our legitimate status in this work. 

At a joint meeting of the two Companies held in May last, before my arrival in 
this country, you have again decidedly, though very courteously and respectfully, 
declined our request, being shut up to this course by your original constitution 
and your contract with the University Presses. Notwithstanding the apjiarent 
failure of my mission, I entertain a confident hope that we shall be able to arrive 
at a satisfactory settlement without any sacrifice of right, consistency, or dignity 
by either party. If I thought otherwise I would not venture to address you. 

We have now labored together for several years with a degree of harmony 
which is most remarkable, and promises certain success to our work in both hemi- 
spheres. We are fully agreed in the fundamental principle of revision, which is, 
to ra'se the Authorized Version, within the limits of its idiom and vocabulary, to 



90 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

the standard of the best biblical and English scholarship of the present day, so 
that, with very many changes and improvements, it may still read like the venera- 
ble and familiar old Book, and retain all its flavor and sacred associations. We 
are also agreed in the execution of this principle to the extent that wo have 
adopted, I mny venture to say, nine-tenths of your changes in reading and rendering, 
and you have adopted, as I am happy to learn, a large proportion of our sug- 
gestions. Our intercourse and correspondence have been uniformly marked by 
Christian courtesy and kindness whicii it gives me great !)leasure to acknowledge 
before you. 

The only serious difficulty between us is the proper status of the American 
Committee in the final work. It would bo a sin before God and a disgrace before 
the Christian world if we should allow a question of this kind to endanger the 
prosecution and success of a work in which every reader of the Bible feels an 
interest. But this cannot and shall not be. 

Permit me, courteously and frankly, to explain the nature and grounds of the 
American po.sition, and to discuss the pos^sible modes of settlement : — 

I. The question before us is, whether the Americans are simply advisers, or fel- 
[ow-revisers and fellow-authors, with corresponding claims and responsibilities. 
You seem to maintain the former, we the latter. Practically, you recognize us as 
fellow-revisers, but, in form, you exclude us by your resolution from your Com- 
mittee, and allow us not a single vote on any question, although we number nearly 
thirty. I wish you to consider that we do not claim an equal share, but only a just 
and equitable share in determining the final text. It is not a question of equality 
of numbers or merit, but simply a question of right and principle. We cheerfully 
concede to you the primacy of honor in originating this great work, and all the 
rights of a majority. We have given you practical proof of our high regard for 
your eminent scholarship and abundant qualifications for the great and difficult 
task which rests mainly on your shoulders. We ask you only to recognize, in 
form, our actual share and title in the joint work as far as it is already or may 
yet be adopted by you, and to do this in a manner that shall be available in law 
and in business in case we should determine to secure an American publisher for 
the Revised Version. 

II. Wo make this claim first, on the ground of justice. The American revisers 
are regularly and fully organized in two Companies, precisely as the English 
Companies, and are composed of about thirty biblical scholars of the loading 
churches and theological institutions of a nation of forty millions : they meet 
regularly every month, at considerable sacrifice of time and comfort ; they go 
through the whole critical and exegetical process ; they give you the results of 
mature deliberation with all the weight and authority that attach to a represent- 
ative body ; they pay their own expenses, and expect no compensation ; upon 
their exertions mainly will depend the success of the new revision in America. 
Why then should this whole American Committee be deprived of the right which 
every single member of the English Committee possesses, and be left out of 
account in the final decision ? It would be unreasonable to continue such an 
expensive machinery for ten or more years simply for giving advice. 

We niake this claim, secondly, as a matter of honor, in behalf of the American 
people, who have inlierited from their British ancestors a spirit of self-respect 
and manly independence that will never consent to occupy a subordinate and hu- 
miliating position. The Americans have the same interest in the Bible, our com- 
mon inheritance, and hail this opportunity to discharge a part of their gratitude 
to England by making the good and precious book still better and dearer to the 



AMEPwICAlN BIBLE EEVISIOJST COMMITTEE. 91 

Anglo-Saxon race. They will continue to support our Committee liberally if we 
are properly recognized as fellow-laborers ; but not otherwise. This matter of 
national feeling and self-respect is not to be lightly set aside, even in so sacred a 
cause. Only reverse the position ; and need I ask you v\^hether high-minded 
Englishmen would think for a moment of accepting a subordinate position in the 
revision and publication of their own Bible, or show any zeal for the introduction 
into their churches of a foreign version to which they had merely contributed 
valuable advice ? Even Scotland would take little or no interest in your work if 
she was not properly represented by a number of her ablest scholars, with full 
power to vote on every question. 

We make this claim, thirdly, on grounds of expediency. Without a right and 
title to authorship, we have no heart to ask our friends for further contributions 
towards our expenses. Without such title properly recognized by you as the 
principal authors, and by the University Presses as the sole owners for England, 
we can get no copyright in the United States. And without copyright we can get 
no publisher. Your own English edition will then, in the absence of an interna- 
tional copyright, be exposed to literary piracy and ruinous competition outside of 
Her Majesty's dominions. 

And this is the reason why we feel sure that the University Presses will not 
hesitate to recognize our share in the authorship as far as it goes. For theieby 
they will enable us not only to secure a copyright, but also to protect the purity 
and integrity of the revised text in the United States. We could buy from them 
duplicates of their plates, which they already have offered to us on certain terms), 
for publication in the States; they would still be free to export their editions to 
America (which we would not hinder even if vv'e could) ; and no publisher in 
either country could injure the one or the other party by an irresponsible reprint. 
For-it will be a. joint copyrujld for joint nufhorsliip in a joint ivork. Copyright in 
a part of the work would cover copyright in tlie whole. By an expre^ss under- 
standing between the British and American publishers, and a proper notice in the 
Preface, absolute protectioa can be secured on both sides of the Atlantic. So we 
have been advised by Amei-ican lawyers well versed on the subject of copyright. 

III. But now we come to the practical question : How can we come to an un- 
derstanding consistent both with your position and with the American claim ? I 
do not ask you to recede an inch from your position, but only to consent to a sup- 
plementary action, which is left open by your own expressed desire to arrive at a 
full agreement with us, " whether by conference or otherwise." 

The following plans suggest themselves to my mind as feasible, and which I 
beg leave respectfully to submit to your judgment: — 

1. Adopt some members of the American Companies into your Companies, and 
allow them a certain number of votes by their printed notes. You will at once 
raise the objection that you cannot allow absent Americans to vote when you 
refuse this right to your own absent members. But the physical impossibility of 
our presence on account of the intervening ocean would, perhaps, justify an ex- 
ception. And, to avoid any semblance of invidiousness, we might adopt a similiar 
number of English members into the American Companies, with the same right 
of voting by letter. 

2. A Conference Committee, at the close of t!ie work, to sit in London (or in 
New York if you will honor us with your presence and give us the pleasure of 
showing you a most cordial and liberal hospitality), and to vote with power, 
according to your own rules, on the remaining differences. But this method la 
expensive, and would considerably protract the work. 



92 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY OF THE 

3. Independent co-operation as heretofore, "witli simultaneous publication of 
two editions, one for England and one for the United States, with possible vari- 
ations on minor points, which might be adjusted at some future time. This I 
iwefer, upon the whole, and I beg leave, therefore, to submit it to you in writing 
with liberty to shape it as you deem best. (See p. 93.) 

This j)lan, it is true, will involve, probably, a depai'ture from the original plan 
o-f issuing one and the same text on both sides of the Atlantic ; but it has the 
great advantage of leaving both Committees free to do full justice to the dialectic 
and provincial tastes and peculiarities of the two nations they represent. More- 
over, it does not necessarily exclude the other two proposals, which may be com- 
bined with it, reserving only the right of final decision and publication to each of 
the two Committees. 

The differences, after having been minimized by mutual conference between the 
two Committees or sub-Committees (as may bo deemed best), would bL> so few and 
intrinsically so unimportant as to strengthen rather than weaken confidence in the 
revision. They would bj of far less moment than the textual variations of the 
Greek Testament, or even the Keris in the Hebrew Bible. In some respects we 
are more conservative than the British Companies, in other respects we are more 
progressive. In many cases we have gbtie back to the Old Version for rythmical 
or other reasons (as in the rendering of the Greek aorlst, which sometimes seems 
to require the English perfect), but we very seldom differ in the readings, and 
in the grammatical sense of a word or passage as far as it affects the translation, 
with which alone we have to do. 

From our past experience, the differences of the two editions would be chiefly 
of three kinds : 

(a) A few archaic forms (such as tvliich and the wJiich for ivho^ he for are, wot 
and trid for hioic and kneiv, to prevent for to gotjefore, ov j)rccede, lotet for to 
hinder,) which your Committee would retain in deference to English taste and 
liturgical usage ; while the American editions of the Book of Common Prayer 
have anticipated the change. Archaisms which are not contrary to modern 
grammar, or misleading, will be cheerfully retained by the American Committee. 

(6) The renderings of Hebrew, Greek and Roman measures, weights and coins 
where the Americans would insist upon closer renderings (as in the case oi penny 
for denarius) or national equivalents (at least, in the margin). 

(c) The restoring of distinctions in the Hebrew and Greek Scriptures which 
are obliterated in our Authorize! Version, as the difference between Skeol or 
Hades (tire realm of the dead) and Gehenna (the i)laco of torment), between the 
(one) deul an;l the (many) demons or evil spirits.- 

The first and second class of variations would at once be appreciated by the 
common people in both countries as perfectly innocent and natural, and will no 
more disturb their devotion than differences of spelling and pronunciation. 
The third class is more important, but would be explained and made harm- 
less by marginal notes. For in Uf-arly all these cases the Americans have simply 
introduced thi^ more literal marn;inal reading of the British Companies into the 
text, and explained the original Greek or Hebrew word (if retained) by a marginal 
note. 

The third arrangement would not interfere with our getting duplicates of the 

[* It is proper to state that pome of these points, as the important distinction between Hn'le/t and 
IMl, have been adjusted in the course of negotiations by the concessions of the British Committee, 
or rectified by marginal explanations.] 



AMEEICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 93 

English plates. The changes could as well be made in England. A Preface in 
both editions would state the differences. After a few years of trial the 
Churches may demand a compromise, and a restoration of one text for both coun- 
tries. For, alter all, cur work will be subject to the judgment of the Christian 
public, for whose benefit it is intended. By its own merits, and by the decision 
of the churches, it will stand or full. 

I now beg you, in the name of the American Committee, in the interest of the 
great and good work we have in charge, to take this whole matter into renewed 
and final consideration ; and, if none of the three proposals commends itself to 
your judgment, to devise a better plan. Give us the substance of what we feel 
we have a right to ask as our share in this joint work, and there is no reason 
to fear that we shall fall out about the mode. 

If your last action is to be final, the Americr.n Committee will be paralyzed, and 
maybe forced to the unfortunate alternative of either disbanding the work, or car- 
rying on an independent revision of their own. This, of course, we have a perfect 
right to d ). But we greatly prefer, in the interest of the Bible and of inter, 
national good-will, to co-operate with you to the very end, and to unify our 
labors as far as possible and desirable. If only a proper legal status in this 
joint work is secured to us, we pledge our most hearty co-operation till the 
Anglo-American revision is completed and introduced into the Churches, that 
it may carry on, with increased force, as far as the language of Shakespeare and 
Milton resounds, its holy mission of glory to God and peace and good-will among 
men. 



ADJUSTMENT SUGGESTED BY DK. SCHAFF TO THE 
ENGLISH COMPANIES. 

The British and American Committees continue to co-operate 
as heretofore, as independent Committees, with equal rights and 
responsibihties in reference to the two countries with which they 
are severally connected, and with the right on each side of syn- 
chronously publishing a common Revision of the Holy Scriptures, 
with the reservation of such differences as it may be found in the 
sequel impracticable to remove. 



SETTLEMENT PROPOSED BY THE ENGLISH COM- 
PANIES. 

Copy of resolution passed by the Old Testament Revision Com- 
pany, in the Chapter Library of the Deanery of Westminster, July 
8, 1875 : 

" That the Old Testament Company, in their desire to recognize 
the co-operation of the American Committee in the work of revis- 
ion, would suggest that the practical end of expressing this 



94 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

recognition, and at the same time of securing the copyright of 
the Eevised Version both in England and America, will be best 
answered by the appointment of certain members of the American 
Committee as members of the English Revision Companies and 
vice versa." 

W. Aldis Wright, Secretary. 

Resolution passed by the New Testament Revision Company, 
Jerusalem Chamber, Westminster, July 15, 1875 : 

" That the New Testament Company of Revisers of the Author- 
ized Version are desirous to see an American copyright in the 
Revised Version secured for the American Revision Committee. 
That for this purpose they are willing to concur in the plan sug- 
gested in the resolution of the Old Testament Company, subject 
to the following conditions : 

" (1.) That the}' receive the assurance of competent lawyers in 
America and England that the effect of co-operation, such as is 
proposed, would be to secure to the American Committee the 
benefit of the copyright of the work in America. 

"(2.) That the number of American members to be thus added, 
be definitely limited to two for each Company. 

"(3.) That the ap])ointment of the American members be made 
by the English Companies in the same manner and on the same 
conditions as other additional members. 

" (4.) That the American members so to be co-optated shall have 
no claim upon the funds agreed to be paid by the English Presses ; 
it being understood on the other hand that the members of the 
English Companies receive no share of funds which may be 
raised in America, or which may arise from the American copy- 
right. 

" (5.) That the whole arrangement obtain the express consent of 

the two University Presses." 

J. Troutbeck, Secretary. 



ACCEPTANCE OF THE ENGLISH PROPOSITION BY THE 
AMERICAN COMMITTEE. 

[From the Minute-^ of the American Committee, p. 77 seq.] 

At the regular monthly meeting of the American Bible Revis- 
ion Committee, held at their rooms in the Bible House, New 
York, September 24, 1875, the President of the Committee, 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 95 

Rev. Philip Scliaff, D.D., gave an account of his conferences with 
the British Revision Companies, and presented the resolution 
passed by the EngUsh Old Testament Company on the 8th of 
July, 1875, and that passed by the English New Testament Com- 
pany on the 15th of the same month ; upon which the following 
paper was prepared, and at an adjourned meeting the following 
day was adopted, viz. : 

" The American Committee has heard with gi'eat satisfaction of 
the action of the British Companies, by which the American 
Companies are recognized as fellow-revisers, and this recognition 
is expressed by the resolution to elect certain members of the 
American Companies into the British Companies (the American 
Companies making a like election of members of the British 
Companies) : and hereby records its full acceptance of this plan 
of unification in the great work we are sustaining in common. 

" The American Committee takes this opportunity to convey its 
thanks to the brethren in Great Britain for their courtesy to its 
representative on his late visit in their behalf, and foi- their con- 
siderate regird for the interest by him represented." 

The following resolution was also adopted (p. 83) : 

Whereas, it is of the utmost importance that the nearest prac- 
ticable approach to unanimity among those engaged in the re- 
vision should be secured : 

''Resolved, That we request the British Companies, after receiving 
and acting upon our emendations, to send a list of any differences 
which may remain to the American Companies for their recon- 
sideration ; with the understanding that if differences after such 
reconsideration should still exist, a special joint Committee of the 
British and American Companies shall be appointed, who shall 
report the results of their deliberations for the final decision of 
the several Companies." 

George E. Day, Secretary. . 

[These resolutions were transmitted by the President to the Lord Bisliop of 
Winchester, Chairman of the Old Testament Revision Company, and to the Lord 
Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol, Chairman of the New Testament Revision 
Company. The further proceedings and final results are embodied in the cor- 
respondence with the University Presses. See next Part, especially p. 123.] 



^art €i)irlr. 



COEKESPONDENCE WITH THE UNIVERSITY PEESSES 
OF OXFOED AND CAMBEIDGE. 



COKRESPONDENCE WITH THE UNIVERSITY 
PRESSES OF OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE. 



COREESPONDENCE WITH THE UNIVERSITY PRESSES. 

[Letter of Dr. Cartmell to Dr. Schaff.] 

Christ's College Lodge, ) 

Cambkidge, Feb. T, 1874. \ 
Reverend and Dear Sir : 

The Delegates of the Oxford Clarendon Press and the Syndics 
of this Press have carefully considered your letter of June 30, 
1873*, ill regard to the publication of the Revised Version of the 
Holy Scriptures in the United States of America. 

We are disposed to consider favorably your suggestion, that a 
duplicate set of stereotype plates of the Revised Version should 
be furnished for joint publication in the United States; and we 
shall be glad to be informed whether it will meet your views to 
make an offer for such privilege. 

Believe me, reverend and dear sir, 

Very respectfully and truly yours, 

James Cartmell. 

The Rev. Philip Schaff, D.D. 



ACTION OF THE AMERICAN COMMITTEE. 

(From the Minutes, Feb. 27, 1874.) 

The Chairman then read a letter from Dr. James Cartmell, 
President of the Cambridge Syndics, expressing the willingness of 
the Delegates of the Clarendon Press at Oxford, and the Syndics 
of the Cambridge Press, to consider favorably the proposal to 
furnish to the American Committee, on suitable terms, a duplicate 
set of the stereotype plates of the Kevised Version. 

Voted, that Dr. Schaff be requested to continue his correspond- 
ence in regard to stereotype plates of the revision. 

* [This was merely a letter of inquiry, written in England. No copy preserved.] 



100 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

Dr. Crosby was requested to act in place of Dr. Strong, now 
absent from the country, in the matter of obtaining a copyright 
for the Revised Version in the United States. 



[Letter of Dr. ScLaff to Dr. Cartmell.] 

42 Bible House, New York, March 30, 1874. 

Eeverend and Dear Sir : 

Your favor of Feb. V was duly received and laid before the 
Revision Committee at its last meeting. 

I am authorized to say in reply that the American Bible Revis- 
ion Committee is willing to pay a fair price for a duplicate set 
of plates of the Revised Version of the Scriptures in all the editions 
which the British Committee may issue, and will be glad to re- 
ceive definite proposals from you whenever you are prepared to 
make them. 

Such an arrangement will secure, what is most important, entire 
uniformity and accuracy in the editions of the Revised Scriptures 
to be issued in Great Britain and the United States. Besides it 
may enable us to make an arrangement with an American pub- 
lisher or with the American Bible Society similar to the one 
which the British Committee has entered into with the University 
Presses. 

We are willing to give the Delegates of the Oxford Clarendon 
Press and the Syndics of the Cambridge University Press the 
commercial benefit of our revision labors for the British Empire, 
and we believe that in justice we are entitled to the same privilege 
within the United States. All we ask is that, in the absence of 
an international copyright, we may get the duplicate set of plates 
on such terms as will secure us against injurious competition. 

I have forwarded to the British Committee in December our 
revision of the Book of Genesis, and the Gospel of St. Matthew. 
Exodus, and St Marl', will soon follow. Our suggestions will bo 
acted on by the English Committee in April. Bishop Ellicott 
wrote to me, Jan. 27, in behalf of the New Testament Company, 
that the greatest possible attention will be given to all criticisms 
and suggestions of the American Committee. The result of this 
exannnation of our criticisms by the English Companies will 
enable you to form an estimate of the nature and extent of our 
labors. I will only say that we find ourselves in full harmony 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 101 

with the principles, tact and taste which have guided the British 
Companies, and that our criticisms and suggestions are all in the 
same line. AVe shall spare no pains to finish the important and 
laborious work which Providence has laid upon us. 

Hoping to hear from you as soon as you' have agreed upon the 
terms of the purchase and the time of publication, 

I am very respectfully and truly yours, 

Philip Schaff. 

The Rev. Dr. Caetjiell, 

Master of Christ's College, Cambridge. 



[Letter of Dr. Cartmell to Dr. ScliafE.] 
[Confidential.] 

Christ's College Lodge, ) 
Cambkidge, 5 August, 1874. \ 
Eeverend and Dear Sir : 

Your communication of March 30, 1874, relative to the publica- 
tion and sale in the United States of America of the Revised 
Version of the Holy Scriptures, has been received by me, and 
most carefully considered by the Delegates of the Clarendon 
Press at Oxford, and by the Syndics of the University Press at 
Cambridge ; and I am authorized on their behalf to make the 
following proposals to the American Bible Eevision Committee. 

We presume that under the arrangements we propose, you will 
secure to yourselves, or to some authorized agent, the sole and 
exclusive copyright of the version for a certain number of years, 
together with the consequent exclusive right of sale in the United 
States of America ; and on this presumption we are ready to con- 
cede and convey to you the sole and exclusive right of printing, 
publishing and selling the same, or any part thereof, in the United 
States, during the whole term of our copyright as by the laws of 
England established. This term is now forty-two years from the 
date of publication. 

We will also supply to you in London, for the purposes con- 
ceded, plates, either stereotype or electrotype, as you may desire, 
of every edition of the book or any part thereof, whatever be its 
size, form, or type, at the trade prices for such plates as are cur- 
rent in England at the time ; and we will give you due notice of 
the intended printing and publication of such book or part of 
book, so that the plates may be sent to America in such time that 



102 DOCUMENTARY UISTOKY OF THE 

there may be simultaneous publication in both England and 
America. 

In consideration of this concession, and the exclusion of our- 
selves from the market in the United States, we think it fair that 
the American Bible Revision Committee should pay to us five 
thousand pounds sterling (£5,000), by installments proportionate 
to the portions of the first edition of the whole book, containing 
the Old and New Testaments and the Apocrypha, of which the 
plates or coi)y are from time to time delivered to you. 

The foregoing terms, if accepted, to be embodied in a proper 
legal agreement, comprising all usual clauses applicable to the 
case. Believe me, my dear sir, 

Very truly yoiirs, 

James Cartmell. 

The Rev. Dr. Schafp. 

[Dr. Schafif to Dr. Cartmell.] 

42 Bible House, New York, Sept. 5, 1874. 

The Rev. Br. Cartmell, Master of Christ''s College, Camhridge. 
Rev. and Dear Sir : 

I have the honor to acknowledge your favor of Aug. 5, in which 
you offer, in the name of the Delegates of the Clarendon Press at 
Oxford and the Syndics of the University Press at Cambridge, to 
furnish the American Bible Revision Committee stereotype or 
electrotype plates of every edition of the Revised Version of the 
Scriptures and parts thereof, at the trade prices for such plates 
current in England at the time, for simultaneous publication in the 
United States, with the exclusive privilege of publication, and to 
the exclusion of the British publishers from the American market, 
for which concession you ask five thousand pounds sterling by 
installments. 

I shall lay this important communication before the joint meet- 
ing of the two Companies on the last Friday of this month, and 
shall inform you in due time of their action. 

For the present I confine myself to the remark that in no case 
would we exclude the English editions from the American market 
even if we could. 

The only thing we could do is to prevent republication, provided 
we can secure the copyright in the United States, which will de- 
pend somewhat upon the final determination of our status and 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISIOISr COMMITTEE. 103 

precise relation to the British Committee. It "would facilitate our 
decision if you would kindly inforci us how many editions you 
propose to issue, and whether the demand of X5,C00 is independ- 
ent of the number of editions we may desire to purchase from 
the University Presses. 

Believe me, my dear sir, 

Very truly yours, 

Philip Schaff. 



m,\ 



[Dr. Cartmell to Dr. Scliaff.] 

Christ's College Lodge, 
Cambridge, Oct. 16, 18' 

Reverend and Dear Sir : 

I had the honor of receiving your letter of September 5 (whilst 
I was absent from Cambridge) and have communicated it to the 
Delegates of the Oxford Clarendon Press. 

I regret that I did not receive it in time to enable me to send 
an answer to your inquiries before your meeting the last week in 
September. 

Referring to the last paragraph of your letter, I would say : 

1. That, inasmuch as the copyright of the Revised Version 
belongs jointly to the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, the 
two University Presses would do what was possible for them, to 
prevent English editions from competing with the sale of your 
editions in the American market. 

2. That we cannot name beforehand how many editions we 
shall issue, as that wdll depend upon the demand of the English 
public for the Revised Version. 

3. That the sum of X5,000 has been named, independently of 
the number of editions you may desire to purchase from the 
University Presses. 

By the payment of such sum you will obtain the right to pur- 
chase, on the terms named, plates of every edition, whatever be 
its size or form, issued by either or both the University Presses, 
during the whole term of our copyright. 

I am, reverend and dear Sir, with much respect, 

Very faithfully yours, 

James Cartmell. 
The Rev. Philip Schaff, D .D. 



104 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

ACTION or THE AMERICAN COMMITTEE. 

(From tlie Minutes, Sept. 26, 1874, p. 57.) 

A letter from Eev. Dr. Cartmell, Hector of Christ Churcli, in 
the name of tlie Delegates of the Clarendon Press at Oxford and 
the Syndics of the University Press at Cambridge, was read, in 
which they offer for the sum of £5,000 to fnrnish the plates of 
all editions of the Revised Version issued in England at the price 
of the plates in that country, the American Committee to have 
the exclusive right of publishing the version in the United States. 

After remarks from several members, it was voted that the 
Executive Committee confer with a number of leading publishers 
in regard to the pubHcation of the Revised Version in the United 
States, and report the result of their conference at the next meet- 
ing. 

[In accordance witli instructions from the American Company, tlie President 
and a member of the Committee entered into correspondence with three well- 
known publishers to ascertain whether and on what terms they would be willing 
to assume the publication of the Revised Version. Two declined at once. A 
third firm looked upon the terms more favorably, with certain modifications, but 
made no offer. The University Presses no doubt deemed their terms liberal, in 
view of their very large outlay in paying all the expenses of the British Com- 
mittee. At the same time it is due to the American Committee to state that while 
they expected to pay the full price for duplicate plates, including one-half of the cost 
of composition (which are the usual terms on which American publishers can se- 
cure duplicate plates of any English book), they were not prepared for an additional 
charge of £~).000 or $25,000 ; considering the fact that by their gratuitous literary 
labors they have increased the commercial value of the work, and that they never 
intended (as expressly stated in the letters of Dr. Scliaff, p. 102. etc.) to interfere 
with the freest importation and circulation of the University editions in the United 
States, such as tlie University editions of the King James' Version have always 
enjoyed. It is not surprising, therefore, that no American publisher was willing 
to accept the terms of the University Presses, and even if they had been ac- 
cepted, the American Committee would have been still under the necessity -of 
providing for their own expenses.] 



[Letter of Messrs. Harper & Bros, to Dr. Schaff.] 

Franklin Square, i 
New York, Oct. 29, 1874. j 
Dear Doctor Schatt : 

'•• '" ■'• With regard to Dr. Cartmell's letter (returned here- 
with) we think that the terms proposed are not unreasonable, 
provided : 



AMEEICAN BIBLE HEVISION" COMMITTEE. 105 

1. That the price for phites shall be simply for the cost of 
stereotyping or electrotypiug, that the plates shall be perfect, and 
that there shall be no charge for composition. 

2, That we could maintain the copyright in the United States. 
But we question whether such a copyright could be maintained. 

Therefore a fair plan would be for the American editors to guar- 
antee the copyright to the American publisher, who would pay, 
so long as the copyright held, a royalty to the American editors, 
and some corresponding royalty to the English proprietors, until 
the amount thus paid shall reach X5,000, the sum proposed by 
them. 

"We understood you to say that it would be several years before 
the worlv, or any portion of it, will be ready, so that there will be 
ample time for a modification of Dr. CartmelFs proposition. 

Yours truly, 

Hap.per & Bros. 

[Letter of Dr. Scliaff to the authorities of the University Presses ] 

42 Bible House, New York, November 16, 1875. 

The Eev. Jalies Caetmell, D.D., 

Master of ChrisPs College, Cambridge. 
My Dear Dr. Cartmell : 

After some unavoidable delay I am able to send you, for the 
authorities of the University Presses, the inclosed documents 
containing the action of the Americau Revision Companies in 
response to the plan of adjustment proposed by tlie English 
Companies,"'^ and the legal opinion of the Hon. Judge Fancher,t 
formerly Solicitor in the United States Courts and member of 
the Supreme Court of the State of New York, concerning the 
question of copyright. 

"We have also consulted other lawyers, and they agree with 
Judge Fancher in the opinion that, on the plan proposed, we can 
secure a copyright, and that the election of several members of our 
body as members of the English Companies w411 tend to strengthen 
the copyright, but that the chief condition is the assignmeut of 
the copyright interest by the English revisers to the American 
revisers for use in the United States. 

Such an assignment is undoubtedly intended by the British 

[* See p. 94, 93. [f See p. 158.] 



106 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOllY OF THE 

Companies and clearly implied in their sclieme of consolidation. 
It is as clearly understood on our part that we make over to the 
British Companies our share in the literary property of the com- 
mon work for exclusive use in England, and even for free exporta- 
tion of the English editions into the United States. In this way 
the copyright will secure mutual protection and guard the purity 
and integrity of the text in both countries. 

Beyond this object, so important to both parties, we have no 
interest in the copyright. We do not expect to need it for the 
payment of our expenses. For our friends are willing to furnish 
the necessary means in order to facilitate the widest possible 
circulation of the Revised Version, provided we can assure them 
of the recognition of our fellow-authorship. This recognition is, 
in our opinion, absolutely essential to the success of the revision 
in this country, and will ensura such success without a reasonable 
doubt. 

We are quite satisfied with the proposed plan of acknowledging 
this fellow-authorship, and are willing to consummate the ar- 
rangement on our part as soon as we learn that the University 
Presses have ratified the same. 

I am requested by the American Bevision Companies to trans- 
mit to you these views, with the assurance of our profound regard 
and cordial gratification at the prospect of a satisfactory conclu- 
sion of our negotiations. 

Believe me, 

Yours very truly, 

Philip Schaff. 

LEGAL OPINION OF THE HON. JUDGE FANCHER ON 
THE COPYRIGHT QUESTION. 

229 Broadway, New York, October 2d, 1875. 
Rev. Philip Schaff, D.D., 

President of the American Bihle Bevision Committee. 
DEAPt Sir : 

Your letter of the 18th ult. has been duly received, and would 
have been sooner answered but for my absence from the city. 

I have read with care the plan of co-operation, as proposed 
between the British and American Companies having in hand the 
work of the revision of the Holy Scriptures. It suggests an 
arrangement between the American Committee and the English 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 107 

Committee (in which are to be included the representatives of 
the University Presses of Oxford and Cambridge) to the effect 
that the English and American Committees shall be consolidated, 
so far as the rights of authorship are concerned, to secure to them 
the joint ownership and copyright of their Kevised Version of 
the Holy Scriptures, as well as to guard the purity and integrity 
of the text against spurious and erroneous reprints in England 
or America. 

I am of the opinion that, upon the proposed plan, the copy- 
right of the revised work may be secured in the usual method 
under the Acts of Congress of the United States. But, in order 
to effectuate such protection to the copyright, the English 
authors should assign to the American Committee their rights as 
such authors, so as to bring the case within the provisions of the 
Act of Congress. That Act allows citizens or residents of the 
United States who shall be the authors thereof to copyright 
their books, etc., and it extends the same privilege to their ex- 
ecutors, administrators, or assigns. U. S, Kev. Stat. p. 966. 
Previous, therefore, to the deposit of the book with the Librarian 
of Congress, for the purpose of securing the copyright, a proper 
transfer should be executed and delivered by the English authors 
to the American Committee, so that the latter can lawfully claim 
here the full copyright, both as authors of the portions prepared 
by them, and as legal assigns of the portions prepared in Eng- 
land. 

It has been held that the assignee of an unpublished literary 
composition from a non-resident alien author is entitled to the 
protection of our Act of Congress. Keeno v. Wheatley, 9 Am. 
L. R. 33; Brightley's Dig. p. 181. If such assignment be made 
to those in America who are the authors of that portion of the 
work produced here, then they will have a good title to the whole 
copyright of the American editions. 

You have asked another question, which is, " What effect will 
the plan have upon the importation and sale of the English 
editions of the work to be published by the University Presses 
of Oxford and Cambridge ? " I answer : No difficulty need arise 
in that respect ; for it would be proper that the American Com- 
mittee should execute a paper, at the time they receive the 
assignment from the English authors, consenting and granting 
license that the University Presses of Oxford and Cambridge 
shall be at liberty to publish the whole work in England, and also 



108 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY OF THE 

to export to and sell in the United States a,ny of their editions 

of tlie same. 

I should add, to prevent misconception, that I do not think the 

copyright above mentioned will cover anything but the alterations 

and additions of the revisers. The original text is the property of 

the public, and cannot be the subject of copyright. It was decided 

in Stowe v. Thomas, 2 Wall, Jr., 547, by Mr. Justice Grier that it 

was not an infringement of the author's copyright to print a 

translation of the romance called "Uncle Tom's Cabin." A 

translation may not be a piracy of the language of the original 

composition. A copy of the one would not, in words, be a copy 

of the other. But so far as a translation is itself a creation or an 

invention, it is the work and language of the author, and may be 

protected. The composition is his own, and an unauthorized 

transcript thereof would, I think, invade the author's i-ight of 

" copy." It is the application of new toil and talent to produce 

novelty and improvement, when revisers make a new version of 

the Bible. With much regard, yours truly, 

E. L. Fancher. 



[Letter of the Rev. Dr. Cartmell.] 

pjst's College 
Cambridge, January 5, 1876 



Christ's College Lodge, _ ) 



My Dear Dr. Schaff : 

I was favored witji your letter of November 10, inclosing a 
printed copy of the resolutions of the American Eevision Com- 
pany, and of Judge Fancher's opinion in regard to the copyright. 
These I have communicated to the Syndics of our University 
Press ; and I desire, on their behalf and my own, to thank you. 

We shall very shortly take the matter into careful considera- 
tion. But, in order that we may have the whole case before us, 
I wish to call your attention to the pecuniary arrangement pro- 
posed to you in my letter of August 5, 1874, and to ask you to 
inform me whether, in the event of the other points being settled 
to your satisfaction, you are prepared to accept it. 

You will I am sure agree in the importance of having an ex- 
plicit understanding on this point. 

Believe me, my dear Dr. Schaff, 

Very truly yours, 

James Cartmell. 
The Rev. Philip Schaff, D.D. 



AMERICAlsr BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 109 

[Letter of Professor Price to Dr. Scliaff.] 

Seceetaky's Room, Clarendon Press, 
Oxford, Jan. 8, 187G. 
My Dear Sir : 

I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your letter dated New 
York, Nov. 16, 1875, respecting the admission of certain members 
of the American Company of Revisers into the English Compa- 
nies, and the mode of securing copyright of the Revised Version 
in the United States. I am also favored with a copy of the reso- 
lution of the American Company in reference to the resolutions 
of the English Companies, and with a copy of the opinion of 
Judge Fancher on the question of copyright. 

The Delegates desire me to thank you and your Committee for 
these communications. 

The Delegates observe that you do not expressly state Avhether 
you agree to all the terms stated in the letter addressed to you 
by the two University Presses in June, 1874, and especially 
whether you are willing to buy stereo- and electroplates of the sev- 
eral editions on the terms therein mentioned, and also to pay live 
thousand pounds sterling (X5,000) for the copyright and other 
privileges proposed to be granted to you. The Delegates desire 
to know whether you accept these terms, provided that a copyright 
in the United States can be secured to you. Also, as the money 
is to be paid not all at one time, but from time to time in install- 
ments at a ratio proportionate to the work delivered to you, they 
would desire that some responsible person or persons should 
guarantee the paj^ments in due course in a manner to be approved 
by them. 

These matters are evidently of great importance, and the Dele- 
gates venture to hope that you may be able to reply to these 
inquiries without much delay, so that they may proceed to the 
consideration of the other questions referred to in your letter. 

We presume that Judge Fancher's opinion was given on a case 
submitted to him. Would you be good enough to favor us with 
a copy of the case, so that we may see more clearly the several 
points on which he gives an opinion. 

Believe me to be, my dear sir, 

Yours very faithfully, 

Bartholomew Price, 
Secretary to the Delegates of the Clarendon Press. 

The Rkv. Dk. Schaff, 



110 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

RESOLUTIONS OF THE AMERICAN COMMITTEE. 

Extract from the Minutes of the Meeting held, 42 Bibub 
House, New York, January 28, 187fi. 

The letters [of the Rev. Dr. Cartmell and Professor Price] were 
referred to a Committee consisting of Bishop Lee, Chancellor 
Crosby and Professor Day, with instructions to report upon the 
same at five o'clock this afternoon, to Avhicli time it was voted to 
adjourn. 

At five o'clock the following paper was presented by the Com- 
mittee named above, through their Chairman, Bishop Lee, and 
after having been considered and discussed, article by article, was 
unanimously adopted. 

Whereas, We are requested by the representatives of the Syn- 
dics of the University Press at Cambridge and the Delegates of 
the Clarendon Press at Oxford to state, as antecedent to their 
consideration of the question between the British and American 
Committees engaged in the revision of the Authorized Version 
of the Scriptures, whether we agree to a proposal made in Au- 
gust, 1874, by the Syndics and Delegates of the above mentioned 
Presses, to j)urchase of them the stereotype or electrotype plates 
of the proposed version of the Scriptures " at the trade prices 
for such plates as are current in England at the time," and also 
" to pay to them the sum of X5,000 sterling in consideration of 
this concession and the exclusion of the British publishers from 
the market in the United States ": 

iLCSolved, First : That any financial arrangement on our part 
for the publication in this country of the Revised Version by the 
purchase of the stereotype plates or otherwise is premature, and 
at present entirely impracticable, and that the question of a 
commercial arrangement with the University Presses is, in our 
judgment, quite apart from the main question of our position as 
feUow-revisers. 

Resolved^ Secondly : That Ave continue to regard it as essential 
to the mutual co-operation of the British and American revisers 
and the success of this great undertaking in the United States, 
that our joint responsibility in the production of the Revised 
Version should be mutually and frankly acknowledged, and that 
with this view we accepted the arrangement proposed by the 



AMERICAlSr BIBLE REVISION" COMMITTEE. Ill 

English Committee for the expressed recognition of our joint 
agency in this work. 

Jcesolvcd, Thirdly : That we consider it exceedingly desirable 
that the main question of our joint responsibility in the revision, 
treated independently of all commercial arrangements, be settled 
as speedily as possible, Avith the understanding that the recogni- 
tion of our full co-operation in the revision work does not inter- 
fere in any degi'ee with any relations subsisting between the Eng- 
lish Companies and the University Presses, or give us any pecu- 
niary rights whatever in Great Britain or her colonies. 

Itesolved, FourthJij : That our work in America has advanced 
so far that (supported as we are by the growing sense among the 
American people of the importance of the revision) we cannot 
conscientiously abandon it, but must carry it out to the end, and 
that we devoutly trust that in so doing avo may ever act in com- 
plete accord with our brethren of the English Companies. 

Jicsolvecl, Fifthly : That the President of the American Ee- 
•vision Committee be authorized to communicate this action both 
to the University Presses and also to the English Companies, as 
being a response to the interrogatory of the former and an expla- 
nation of our position to the latter. 



[Letter from Bishop EUicott in behalf of the English Now Testament Company, 
in response to the Resolutions of the Am. Com., Jan. 28, 187G.] 

Jerusalem Chamber, S. TV., 

February 23, 1876. 
Dear Dr. Schaff : 

I have the honor of transmitting to you and the American Com- 
panies the following resolution : 

That inasmuch as the New Testament Company has transfeiTed 
the copyright of their revision to the University Presses, and as 
the resolutions recently transmitted materially affect the interests 
of the possessors of the copyright, it is to the Presses that the 
New Testament Company must refer the American Companies 
for an answer to the questions raised in their resolutions. 
I remain, with kind compliments, 
Very faithfully yours, 

C. J. Gloucester and Bristol. 



112 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

[I>etter from Bishop Browne of Winchester, and action of the English Old Testa- 
ment Company.] 

Faenham Castle, Surrey, ) 
March 20, 187G. ) 
Mj Dear Dr. Schaff : 

I have been desired to send to you, as representing the Ameri- 
can Committee, the inclosed resolutions of the English Old Testa- 
ment Comjiany, and I very heartily join in the expression of earnest 
hope that the questions between us may be satisfactorily settled. 

Beheve me ever 

Very sincerely yours, 

E. H. WiNTON. 



Copy of Resolutions jpasscd hy the Old Testament Revision Com- 
2)emy, Jerusalem Chamlter^ Wesiviinsfer, Jfarc/i 15, 1S7G. 

1. That the Old Testament Revision Company, having taken 
into consideration the resolutions of the American Committee 
passed January 28, 187G, are of opinion that inasmuch as ques- 
tions of a financial character have been raised between the Ameri- 
can Committee and the University Presses, of which the Company 
were not cognizant and which they have no power to decide, it is 
impossible for them, liaviug transferred the copyright of the Re- 
vised Version to the University Presses, to interfere with the legiti- 
mate claims of the Presses in respect to it. And however desir- 
al)le it may be to separate financial considerations from the 
question of joint authorship and copyright, the Old Testament 
Company would I'espectfully submit that in the present instance 
such a separation cannot be effected, inasmuch as the interest of 
the University Presses in the revision is to a large extent, altliough 
not exclusively, of a financial character. The Company thorefioe 
feel unable to go beyond their resolution of July 8, 1875, and 
must leave the financial question to be settled as it has beea 
raised, between the American Committee and the University 
Presses. 

2. That the Bishop of "Winchester be requested, in conveying 
the above resolution to the American Committee, to express on 
the part of the Old Testament Company their earnest hope that 
the questions which have arisen between the American Commit- 
tee and the University Presses may be satisfactorily settled. 



AMEEICAN BIBLE PtEYISIOlSr C03IMITTEE. 113 

STATEMENT OF THE AMERICAN BIBLE EEVISION 
COMMITTEE TO THE BRITISH BIBLE REVISION 
COMMITTEE, MAY 26, 1876. 

[From tLe Minutes, pp. lOo, IOC] 
It has seemed expedient to the American Bible Revision Com- 
mittee to make a statement of their views on the matter of dif- 
ference between them and their brethren of the British Bible 
Revision Committee, withont any direct reference to the former 
correspondence. We therefore respectfully submit the following 
to the British Committee : * 

1. The desire, we believe, is earnest on both sides the Atlantic 
that the Revised Bible shall be accepted wherever the English 
language is spoken ; and that the revision shall be one. 

2. As this country contains about one-half the English-speak- 
ing people of the world, it is proper to consider that the success 
of the revision here depends very largely upon the connection of 
American scholarship with the work. 

3. Therefore the American Committee deem it essential to the 
true success of the revision that their co-authorship be acknowl- 
edged, no mere advisoiy 2:)osition meeting the want in any just 
degree. 

4. The particular way in which this co-authorship shall be 
recognized is a matter of comparatively small moment, and may 
be left for decision until the time for final revision and publica- 
tion, it being clear that we cannot be responsible for any part of 
the work in the final determination of which we have no voice. 

It may be proper at this point to remind our English brethren, 
that, although we have regularly transmitted such suggestions as 
occurred to us in examining their work, copies of which were 
courteously furnished us, we have not yet been officially informed 
of the action taken upon any of them. 

5. The two questions of copyright and co-authorship are not 
necessarily connected, so far as Ave are concerned. It is sufficient 
for us to say tliat no copyright is sought by us, except for the 
preservation of the purity of the text. It should be clearly under- 
stood that our expenses are defrayed from wholly independent, 
voluntary sources, and that we have no pecuniary interest or ob- 
ject in the publication of the Revised Version. 

[* The report was made by Dr. Crosby as chairman of a committee previously 
appointed, and was adopted unanimously, with the exception of Dr. Kruuth, who 
voted against it. 



114 DOCUMEjSTTATtY HISTORY OF THE 

G It is equally clonr, that the relation between the British 
Committee and the University Presses is one with which M-e have 
nothing to do. That is largely a pecuniary relation. Our claim 
is a moral one enth-ely, and will in no way increase the expenses 
of the University Presses. We ask no financial lielp from them ; 
but we actually put into tho work, without compensation, the 
commercial value of our literary labors. It is our mature convic- 
tion that we should take no other position than that of Christian 
scholars, giving our time and labor from a single-hearted interest 
in the study and propagation of the Holy Scriptures. 

We lay this plain statement of the case before our brethren, 
hoping that they will fully appreciate the motive which prompts it. 

We are willing to go forward with the revision, as we have done 
during the past four years, but we claim it as due to justice that 
our share in the authorship be clearly recognized. 



[Letter from Canon Troutbcck.] 

4 Dean's Yard, AVestminster, ) 
14 June, 187G. f 
My Dear Sir : 

I beg to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of May 30, an- 
nouncing the dispatch of your notes on the Catholic Epistles, 
which I hope will reach us in the same good condition as did 
your last parcel containing your notes on the Acts. 

I am requested by the Company to inform you that the Uni- 
versity Presses have prohibited them from sending you any more 
of their work, and that until this prohibition is removed they 
have not the power to supply you with any more material. 

I remain yours very truly, 

J. Troutbeck. 

Rev. Dii. Schaff. 

ACTION OF THE NEW TESTAMENT COMPANY. 

The New Testament Company at their meeting in the Bible 
House, New York, July 0, 1876, having heard the letter from 
Canon Troutbeck, took the following action : 

iLesolvcd, That this communication from the British revisers be 
referred to the general meeting of the Committee on September 
29, at 9:30 a.m. (instead of 7:30 r.M., as before voted), and we ask 
the concurrence of the Old Testament Company in this action. 

J. Henry Thayer, Sec'ij of 3^ 7'. Co. 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISIOlSr COMMITTEE. 115 

The Old Testament Company at their session in New Bruns- 
wick, N. J., July 12, 1876, concurred in the above action. 

John DeWitt, 

Sec y pro tern, of the O. T. Covip. 



[Letter of the Rev. Dr. Cartmell.] 

Christ's College Lodge, ) 

Cambridge, 10 July, 1876. } 
My Dear Dr. Schaff : 

I have given to your letter of May 5th much careful consid- 
eration. 

1 transmit herewith the joint resolutions of the Delegates of 
the Oxford Press and the Syndics of the Cambridge Press, in 
reply to the resolutions of the American Committee dated Janu- 
ary 28, 1876. 

The authorities of the Presses do not desire to urge upon the 
American Committee the acceptance of the offer contained in my 
letter of August, 1874. At the time, we thought the offer reason- 
able and equitable ; but as you are unable to accept it, we with- 
draw it in every particular. 

Also, considering the practical difficulty and uncertainty of es- 
tablishing in America a copyright in the Revised Version, I think 
the question of copyright had better be withdrawn from dis- 
cussion. 

And as I understand that the proposal to permit our revisers 
to elect into their respective Companies members of the American 
Committee was made solely in the hope of obtaining for the Com- 
mittee copyright in America,* this, of course, must be abandoned. 

The co-operation however of the English Companies and the 
American Committee need not be discontinued ; and any arrange- 
ment for continuing it, I am persuaded, shall receive fi-om the 
authorities of the Presses favorable consideration, provided that 
due security is taken to prevent the disclosure to the public of the 
communications between the Companies and the Committee — 
which must necessarily be confidential. 

Believe me, my dear Dr. Schaff, 

Very truly yours, 

James Cartmell. 

The Revebend Philip Schaff, D.D, 

[* This is a mistake ; the arrangement was proposed mainly for the purpose of 
securing the moral rights of the Am. revisers.] 



116 DOCUMEl^J^TARY HISTOKY OF THE 

RESOLUTIONS OF THE UNIVERSITY PRESSES. 

Revision of the Authorized Version of the Holy Scriptures. 

Memorandum. 

Tlie Delegates of the Clareiulon Press, Oxford, and the Syn- 
dics of the University Press, Cambridge, have had under consid- 
eration the resolutions of the American Revision Committee, 
dated January 28, 1876, which have been communicated to them 
by Dr. Schaff. 

The Delegates and Syndics have resolved as follows : 

1. That, whereas the terms stated by Dr. Cartmell on behalf of 
the two Presses in his letter to Dr. Schaff, dated August 5, 1874, 
have not been accepted, these terms be now withdrawn. 

2. That, whereas the resolutions agreed to by the English Re- 
vision Companies in July, 1875, were expressly declared to be 
subject to the consent of the University Presses (as indeed they 
must necessarily be), the Delegates and Syndics cannot consent 
under present circumstances to give effect to such resolutions. 

3. That the American Committee be informed that, if they can 
see their way to make any other proposals to the Delegates and 
Syndics, such proposals shall receive respectful consideration, if 
communicated not later than November 1st next. 



ACTION OF THE AMERICAN COMMITTEE. 

42 Bible House, New York, 
September 30, 1876. 

[From tlie Minutes, pp. 111-113. The following report was prejxn-ed hy the 
officers of the two Companies and unanimously adopted by a full meeting.] 

Whereas, we have received information from the New Testa- 
ment Company of the British revisers, under date of June 14, 
187(>, " that the University Presses have prohibited them from 
sending any more of their work " ; and 

Whereas, since then we have been invited by the authorities 
of the English University Presses and by the Rev. Dr. Cartmell, 
in a letter dated Jtdy 10, 1876, "to make any other proposals 
for continuing the co-operation of the English Companies and 
the American Committee " : 

Resolved, I. That we began and have continued our work under 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. Il7 

the assurance made by the British Companies that they would 
supply us with their revision, and we are unable to divine w^hy 
the fullfilment of that agreement should have been prohibited ; 
yet from the memorandum of the Uiiiversity Presses and the let- 
ter of the Kev. Dr. Cartmell we are glad to infer that the prohibi- 
tion has been or will be removed, and thus the original and nec- 
essary basis of co-operation re-established. 

Besolved, II. That inasmuch as we have to assume a certain re- 
sponsibility for the revision in the United States, we regard it as 
right for us, before any part of the revision goes finally to the 
press, to know what shape it will ultimately take, if we are to 
have one and the same revision for both countries. 

We therefore propose that, prior to the publication of any 
part of the revision, an attempt should be made to bring the 
work of the British and American Companies into entire ac- 
cordance ; and, with this view, that a report be made to us of the 
action taken upon our suggestions, thus affording an opportunity, 
by conference or otherwise, of securing a satisfactory adjustment 
of any remaining points of difference. In case such an adjust- 
ment be secured, the American market will be freely open, with 
our cordial endorsement, to the English editions of the revision, 
Avith whatever commercial advantage may accrue to the Univer- 
sity Presses for a specified period. 

Should the preceding proposal be unsatisfactory or impractica- 
ble, we submit the following alternative as a general basis, the 
details to be adjusted hereafter: 

That the English and American Committees continue to co- 
operate as heretofore by a confidential exchange of their labors, 
working on the same principles and aiming at one and the same 
revision of the English version ; yet reserving for each Committee 
the right to vote finally on all questions, and to issue (in case it 
be deemed best) two recensions of the same revision, with such 
differences as they may not be able to adjust to their mutual satis- 
faction — it being understood that, in this case al'so, the American 
Committee does not intend (and never did intend) to anticipate 
the British publication of the revision, in whole or in part, or to 
interfere with the free circulation of the editions of the University 
Presses in the United States. 

It is understood by the American Committee that the confiden- 
tial character of the communications between them and the 
British Companies shall be sacredly observed as heretofore. 



118 DOCUMENTAUY HISTORY OF Til?: 

[Letter of Dr. Schaff to the American Bevisiou Committee.] 

London (Great Kussell Street), 

January 4, 1877. 
To the Bible Bevisiou Committee^ ]}^eiv York. 
Dear Brethren : 

Upon mj arrival in Liverpool I set myself in communication 
with tlie Rev. Dr. Cartmell, and after some preliminary corre- 
spondence I concluded with him an arrangement which I liere- 
witli transmit to you. It is based upon our second proposition 
without excluding the first, and leaves us free to carry out the one 
or the other as we think best. There are no conditions attached 
to it, but only two desires concerning the unity of the revision, 
and its completion within the ten years originally fixed. In these 
desires we ourselves fully share. The arrangement is therefore 
as satisfactory as we can wish. It Avill be shortly submitted to 
the University Presses and the Revision Companies for their for- 
mal ratification. I am assured by several influential members 
that it will be cordially sanctioned by both. 

I learn here that the New Testament Company has not yet 
acted on our notes, except those on the Synoptical Gos2)els ; that 
it is nearly done with the Hebrews, and expects to finish Reve- 
lation in May. After that it will proceed to the second and final 
revision, and in connection with it carefully consider our emen- 
dations and suggestions. The Secretary promised me to send us 
a full account of their action. The Old Testament Company will 
no doubt do the same. 

In the meantime it is well worth your consideration whether it 
might not be better for you to revise the remaining books inde- 
pendently, and to consider the English revision on your second 
revision, with a view to conform the two as nearly as possible. I 
have, however, left directions for the transmission of new material. 

Having accomplished all I could at present in England, I shall 
now proceed to Bible lands Avithout any delay and return in May 
or June, when I shall see the British revisers and the representa- 
tives of the University Presses for any further business relating 
to our work. I shall bo with you in spirit at your monthly meet- 
ings, which it is a great privilege to attend and a great loss to 

miss. 

"With the best wishes for many happy New Years, 

I am yours faithfully, 
Philip Schaff. 



AMEEICAlSr BIBLE REVISIOIST COMMITTEE. 119 

[Letter of Dr. Cartnicll to Dr. ScliaiT.] 

Chkist's College Lodge, Cambeidge, 

30 December, 187G. 
My Dear Dr. Schaff : 

I am Avilliiig to recommend the Syndics of this Press to sanc- 
tion an arrangement something Hke the following (which is based 
on the second of the proposals contained in your letter of 30th 
Sept. last) between the American Committee and the two English 
Companies of revisers. 

That the American Committee and the English Companies 
continue to co-operate as heretofore by a confidential cxchaDge 
of their labors, working on the same principles, and aiming at 
one and the same revision of the present English Authorized Ver- 
sion, yet reserving for the American Committee the right ulti- 
mately to decide for itself, independently of the English Compa- 
nies, any question on Avhich an agreement cannot be arrived at, 
and also the right to issue, subsequently to the publication of the 
English Revised Version, a recension of its own, if it thinks nec- 
essary so to do. 

As a pare of the arrangement I adopt with pleasure your own 
words, merely saying by way of parenthesis that I never doubted 
the assurances contained in them : 

" It being understood that the American Committee does not 
intend (and never did intend) to anticipate the Enghsh publica- 
tion of the revision, in whole or in part, or to interfere with the 
free circulation of the editions of the University Presses in the 
United States." 

" It is understood by the American Committee that the confi- 
dential character of the communications between them and the 
English Companies shall be sacredly observed as heretofore." 

To this I desire to append two observations : 

(1) I earnestly hope that a second recension may be found un- 
necessary, and that it may be possible to secure the substitution 
of a single revised version for the present Authorized Version 
which has hitherto been used so largely over the English-speak- 
ing Avorld. 

(2) As the ten years within which our two Companies have 
undertaken with the University Presses to complete the revision 
are fast gliding away, the Companies will naturally be anxious to 
secure as much rapidity as possible in the transmission of com- 
munications from the American Committee. 



120 DOCUMENTATIY HISTORY OF THE 

I will suggest to the two Companies to make the American 
Committee acquainted with the resuUs of their dehberations upon 
the proposed emendations which the Committee liave communi- 
cated to them. 

You will Ivindl}' understand this letter as coming from myself 
onlj. A more formal communication will be made to the Ameri- 
can Committee as soon as the Companies meet. 
Believe me, my dear Dr. Schaflf, 

Very truly yours, 

James Cartmell. 

The liEVKUiJXD PniLii' Scuaff, D.D. 



[Keply of Dr. Schaff to Dr. Cartmell.] 

London (59 Great Eussell Street), [ 
January 3, 1877. J 

My Dear Dr. Cartjiell : 

Your second letter, after my arrival in England, reached me on 
the morning of the iirst of January — which happens to be my 
birthday. It was, therefore, in a double sense, a New Year's 
gift, and filled me with grateful joy at the prospect of a speedy 
removal of the difficulty which has arisen between the two re- 
vision Committees, and which might have been avoided had not 
the ocean prevented personal conference and explanation. 

In your commuuication of December 30tli you kindly say that 
you are willing to recommend the Syndics of the Cambridge Uni- 
versity Press to sanction what is substantially our second propo- 
sal, which I hatl the lumor to submit to you on the 30th of Sep- 
tember last, stating it almost in the very words of our action. So 
far then the matter is virtually settled, our consent being pledged 
beforehand. 

To this arrangement you append two observations to which I 
heartily consent, with the following exi)lanatit)n : 

1. You express the hope that a second recension of the Revised 
Version may bo found unnecessary, and that but a single revision 
be substituted for the present version. 

The same desire is impiicMl in our first proposition submitted to 
you. To this wo shall adhere, and wo shall resort to an Ameri- 
can recension only in case of imperative necessity. You will find 
the American Committee ready to make every reasonable conces- 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 121 

sion to the harmony and success of the work. But, in order 
that we may act freely and intelHgently, it is essential that the 
British Companies inform us as early as convenient of tlie result 
of their action on the American emendations and suggestions, 
and thus enable us to reconsider the rejected changes and to 
reduce the differences to a miuinium or to remove them alto- 
gether. We should also be provided with confidential copies of 
the final revision of the British Companies before it is given to 
the public with our approval. 

2. You express a desire for the speedy completion of the re- 
vision and the prompt transmission of the American communi- 
cations. 

Considering that the American Committee began its labors two 
years after the British Companies, it has progressed as fast as the 
natare of the work and the professional duties of the members 
would permit. 

The New Testament Company has finished the Gospels, the 
Acts, the Catholic Epistles, and the Epistles to the Romans, i.e., 
all the parts which have been transmitted to us from England, 
aud — in the want of further supply of material — is now engaged 
on the independent revision of the Epistle to the Hebrews. All 
our notes have been transmitted in printed copies to the British 
Company, except those on the Romans — which are jjrobably now 
on the way ; but I learn since my arrival in England that our 
notes have not yet been distributed nor considered, except those 
on the Synoptical Gospels. There is every prospect that our re- 
vision of the New Testament will be completed before the elapse 
of the decade originally contemplated as necessary for the 
work. 

Our Old Testament Company has likewise exhausted the sup- 
ply from England (the Pentateuch and the Psalms), and may 
shorten its labors by omitting the Apocrypha if necessary. 

With the experience of four years' uninterrupted labor both 
Companies can proceed with increasing speed, and it is certainly 
their desire to do so. 

I can see then no difficulty whatever remaining between us, 
and all that is left is the formal ratification of your recommenda- 
tion by the University Presses and the British Revision Compa- 
nies. Our consent, I repeat, is already secured b}^ our action of 
September last. I am quite confident that after such ratification 
the co-operation of the English and American Committees will, 



122 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY OF THE 

with the blessing of Almighty God, go on smoothly and harmoni- 
ously to the happy conclusion of their common work. 
"Wishing you many happy New Years, 

I am, my dear Dr. Cartmell, 

Very truly yours, 

Philip Schaff. 

p. g. — I beg leave to inclose the draft of five articles of agree- 
ment, wljicli I prepared on board the steamer while crossing the 
ocean, to be used if necessary as a basis of negotiations. They 
are now superseded, bat will sliow you how nearly our thoughts 
met, and how far the American Committee is willing to protect 
and aid the circulation of the University editions of the Kevised 
Version during the period of the American copyright, or until the 
adoption of the revision by the Churches in the United States. 



MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT. 

(third draft submitted by the university presses, AUG. 3, 1877.) 

As a preliminary it seems desirable to state, that the primary 
object of the American Committee and the two English C'ompa- 
nies is assumed to be. To obtain one and the same revision 
of the present English Authorized Version of the Holy Script- 
ures. 

For this end the following arrangement is proposed. 

1. The English Companies will continue to send their first and 
provisional version to the American Committee from time to time 
for their observations thereon. 

2. Such observations will be taken (as before) into careful con- 
sideration by the English Companies in connection with their 
second revision. The English Companies will then communi- 
cate to the American Committee the results of their second re- 
vision. 

3. The English Companies will give reasonable time for the 
American Committee to return their remarks on any points that 
they may think important in these last communications ; and, 
although the English Companies are precluded by the terms of 
their constitution from undertaking a third revision, they will 
nevertheless take such remarks of the American Commit- 



AMERICAlSr BIBLE REVISIOI^ COMMITTEE. 123 

tee into special consideration before the couclvision of their 
labors. 

4. If any differences shall still remain, the American Com- 
mittee will yield its preferences for the sake of harmony ; pro- 
vided that such differences of reading and rendering as the 
American Committee may represent to the Englisli Companies to 
be of special importance, be distinctly stated either in the Preface 
to the Kevised Version, or in an Appendix to the volume, during 
a term of fourteen years from the date of publication, unless the 
American Churches shall sooner pronounce a deliberate opinion 
upon the Kevised Version with the view of its being taken for 
public use. 

6. The English Companies will communicate to the American 
Committee copies of their revision in its final form before it is 
given to the public. 

6. All communications between the American Committee and 
the two English Companies relating to the work of revision to 
be regarded (as heretofore) as made in the strictest confidence. 

7. The American Committee will in no case interfere with the 
interests of the two University Presses in the Revised Version as 
finally settled. 

They will do what lies in their power to promote the freest cir- 
culation of the editions of the University Presses in the United 
States, not only by abstaining from issuing any editions of their 
own, but by recognizing the editions of the University Presses as 
the authorized editions, and in all proper ways favoring such 
issues and discouraging irresponsible issues, for the period of four- 
teen years.* 

* In the first draft of the Memorandum which was submitted by the English 
University Presses to the American Committee, February 28, 1877, the seventh 
clause was as follows . 

" The American Committee will in no case interfere with the interests of the 
two University Presses in the Revised Version as finally settled, and will engage 
to protect for a term of fourteen years the editions of f.uch version against irre- 
sponsible reprints in the United States " 

A second draft, which was submitted to Dr. Schaff, June 2D, 1877, while in 
England, had the qualifying clause, " with the understanding, however, that if 
the American Bible Society should be ready to publish an edition or editions of 
the Revised Version before the expiration of the fourteen years, no objection be 
made to such action." 

The reason for omitting this clause in the third and last draft is stated in Dr. 
Cartmell's letter, p. 124. Dr. Day conducted the foreign correspondence in be- 
half of the Committee during the absence of Dr. Schaff in the Orient. 



124 DOCUMENT AKY HISTORY OF THE 

8. If the Revised Version be adopted by the American 
Churches, it shall, after such term of fourteen years become 
public property in the United States, as the Authorized Version 
is noA\'. 

Note. — By the term "American Churches" is understood all religious liodies 
in the United States which use the present Authorized Version iu their public 
services. 



[Letter of Dr. Cartmell to Dr. Day.] 

Christ's College Lodge, ) 
Cambridge, August 3, 1877. f 

My Dear Sir: 

The observations which you conveyed to us, in your letter in 
the spring, upon the seventh clause of the Memorandum proposed 
for regulating the relations between the American Committee and 
the two Eugiish Companies of Revision, have been carefully con- 
sidered. 

With the view of removing the objections which the Committee 
have felt to clause seventh, another clause has been drawn up as 
a substitute for it, which is expressed in nearly the words of your 
letter of March 24, omitting, however, the reference to the con- 
tingency of the American Bible Society publishing an edition of 
the Revised Version before the end of the fourteen years, as we 
think it objectionable to give the permission suggested. 

I send herewith two copies of the Memorandum in its final form, 
and I trust that it will be acceptable to the Committee. 

I trust also that the Committee will agree to its terms by a 
formal resolution to be entered upon the minutes of their pro- 
ceedings. 

Will you have the goodness to return to me one of the copies 
of the Memorandum, with a copy of such resolution transcribed 
upon the third page, and duly certified ? 

Believe me, my dear sir, 

Very truly yours, 

James Cartmell. 

The Reveuend Dr. Geokue E. Day, Secretary A. R. C. 



AMERICAlNr BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE, 125 

EATIFICATION OF THE AGREEMENT BY THE 
AMERICAN COMMITTEE. 

(From t lie Minutes of the American Committee, Sept. 28, 1877.) 

Resolved, That the Americau Bible Revision Committee hereby 
accept and ratify the agreement contained in the Memorial from 
Dr. Cartmell accompanying his letter of 3d of August, 1877, with 
the understanding in regard to Article 8th that the American 
Committee assume no responsibility in regard to the action of the 
American Churches, or in regard to any term beyond the period 
of fourteen years. 



[Letter of Dr. Scliaff to Dr. CartmelL] 

New York, 42 Bible House, Oct. 10, 1877. 
My Dear Dr. Cartmell : 

Inclosed I have the honor to send you a copy of the Memo- 
randum of agreement between the two Committees on Bible Re- 
vision, together with a resolution of the American Committee 
accepting and ratify-in g the same. 

The objection previously urged against Art. 7 was again con- 
sidered, viz., that our Committee has no legal power to protect a 
book or editions of a book printed in a foreign country, and to 
prevent irresponsible reprints which are likely to appear sooner 
or later. All we can do is to pledge our moral support to the 
University editions for a term of fourteen years. This we have 
concluded to do. At the same time we have waived our un- 
doubted right to publish an American edition, from which our 
necessary expenses of co-operation might be refunded, as the 
expenses of the English Companies are provided for by the Uni- 
versity Presses. We have made this sacrifice in the interest of 
peace and harmony. 

The exce^Dtion taken to Art. 8 is based upon a strict construc- 
tion of its conditional language, but it is not supposed that the 
University Presses intended to bind the Committee beyond the 
specified term of fourteen years. 

Believe me, my dear Dr. Cartmell, 
Yery truly yours, 

Philip Schaff. 

The Rev. James Cartmell, D.D. 



126 DOCUMENTAEY HISTOEY OF THE 

FURTHER ACTION ON THE AGREEMENT WITH THE 
UNIVERSITY PRESSES. 

[From the Minutes of Sept. 25, 1880, p. 149.] 

A committee consisting of Drs. Woolsej, Crosby and Thayer, 
of the New Testament Company, and Drs. DeWitt, Day and 
Chambers, of the Old Testament Company, was appointed to 
report what action, if any, is required from us in execution of our 
agreement with the British Committee to protect their interests 
on this side the ocean. 

This committee withdrew, and after consultation recommended 
that the American Revision Committee adopt the following paper, 
and that the same be given to the press as the true method of 
meeting our engagement with the British Committee : 

" The American Committee of Bible Revision hereby announce 
to the American public that only those editions of the New Revis- 
ion, including marginal renderings, which are published or ap- 
proved by the University Presses of England will be recognized 
by us as the authorized editions." 

Voted, That the decision in regard to the time of publishing 
the above announcement be deferred to the next meeting of the 
Committee. 

[The above announcement was duly and widely made before the publication of 
the Revised New Testament in May, 1881, but could not prevent the appearance 
of irresponsible reprints.] 



Correspondence ivitli the University Presses concernimj the delay of 

the Memorial Copies. 

(The University Presses and their agent in London had repeatedly assured 
the American Committee by letter and cablegrams that they would for- 
ward the Memorial copies in time for simultaneous distribution to American 
subscribers on orbefore the day of publication, May 17, 1881. The delay caused 
great confusion and dis.satisfaction, but it is fully explained in the following 
letters, and relieves the University Presses and their agent of all blame.) 

[Dr. Sell aff to Professor Price.] 

New York, June 8, 1881. 
Professor Bartholomew Price, Oxford. 
My Dear Sir : 
Finally, the last four hundred Memorial coi:)ies of the Revised 
New Testament have arrived, nearly three weeks after its publi- 



AMERICAlSr BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 127 

cation in New York. They are still in the Custom House, and we 
may have to wait for them yet a few days as things are subject 
there to certain rigid rules. In the meantime our friends who 
subscribed for a copy in expectation of receiving it on the day of 
publication are getting more and more impatient. The first 
copies were not received in store till the 19tli of May, and the 
pressure on Nelson & Co. was so great that we could not deliver 
them till the book w^as on sale in all the bookstores of the city. 
I could give no explanation of the disappointment. 

You have no idea, my dear Professor Price, to what an amount 
of censure, abuse and mortification we have been exposed by this 
unaccountable delay. Letters are coming in every day with 
charges of bad faith. If you and Mr. Frowde had not re- 
peatedly promised that we should have the books in good time 
for simultaneous delivery on the day of publication, we would not 
have ordered them. 

The Memorial copy is beautiful and gives entire satisfaction. The 
call for the Revised New Testament continues to be enormous. 
Already ten rival editions of all sizes and prices are in the field, 
and more are advertised. The whole country will be flooded with 
copies. Without American co-operation the sale would have 
been very limited. The revision is bound to succeed in America. 

I am, my dear sir, 
j Very truly yours, 

Philip Schaff. 

[Mr. Frowde to Dr. Scliaff.] 

Oxford Uxiversity Press Warehouse, \ 

7 Paternoster Eow, V 

London, E. C, July 4, 1881. ) 
Dear Sir : 

I wish to tell you how deeply I regret having been unable to 
ship all your Revised New Testaments in time for publication 
day, according to promise. My calculations were based upon 
promises which I had received from the University Presses as to 
when the quires would be forthcoming, and assurances from the 
managers of our binding house as to the rate at which the books 
could be turned out. Much to my mortification all these prom- 
ises and assurances proved, in the event, false, as did also certain 
representations that were made to me respecting the completion 
of the work. 



128 THE AMERICAN BIBLE REVISIOlSr CO.MMITTEE. 

All I can now do, is to offer you raj most sincere apology for 
my shortcomings, and express my sorrow that 3-011 should liave 
been subjected to so much inconvenience and annoyance in con- 
sequence. 

Believe me, yours obediently, 

Henky Frowue. 
Rev. Puilu' Sciiaff, D D. 



[Professor Price to Dr. Scliaff.] 

Secretaby's Room, Clarendon Press, 

Oxford, August 4, 1881. 
My Dear Dr. Schaff : 

Many thanks for your last letters. All moneys due from 3-our 
Revision Committee in respect of the 2,100 copies of the Pica 
Roj'al 8vo. edition of the Revised New Testament have been 
duly received, and I believe that a proper discharge has been sent 
to your treasurer. I am very sorry that the books should not 
have reached you as promptly as they should have done, but the 
enormous demand, which was so unprecedented and beyond all 
expectation, outstripped our power of production, and delay in 
delivery became nnavoidable. Now there is a lull, and we have a 
large stock in the warehouse awaiting orders. 

The work here has been subjected to very severe criticism, but 
has, I think, come out substantially unscathed : it is, if I ma}' so 
say, only the fringe of it that has been burnt. The real merits of 
the Avork are acknowledged, and it will in my opinion stand, and 
eventually replace the King James Version. 

Believe me to be, yours very truly, 

Bartholomew Price. 
Rkv. Dr. Schaff. 

[Note. — It is only necessary to add in conclusion tlntt the agreement of the Am. 
Committee with tlie English Companies and the University Presses, printed on pp. 
132-124, has proved satisfactory to all parties, and has been faithfully observed.] 



^mt f ourtlj. 



SUNDEY ACTIONS OF THE AMEEICAN COMMITTEE. 



SUNDRY ACTIONS OF THE AMERICAN COM- 
MITTEE. 

[This part contains a selection of resolutions and acts of fhe American Com- 
mittee whicli relate to their home-work.] 



^THE MEETING FOR ORGANIZATION. 

[From the Minutes, p. 7, sqq.] 

Nev; York, Oct. 4, 1ST2. 

The American Committee on the revision of the English 
Authorized Version of the Bible met this day, at 2 p.m., at the 
study of Dr. Schaff, No. 4.0 Bible House, to complete their organ- 
ization and make arrangements for the work before them. 

Present : Drs. DeWitt, Green, Hare, Strong, Lee, Woolsey, 
Abbot, Kendrick, Thayer, Schaff and Day. 

Rev. Dr. Woolsey was appointed temporary chairman. After 
prayer by Bishop Lee, the minutes of the last meeting were read 
and approved. 

Prof. Cijarles Short and Prof. James Hadley were unanimously 
elected, and took their seats as members of the Committee. 

Letters or messages were received from Professors Krauth, 
Lewis, Smith, Hackett, Warren, and Riddle expressing their regret 
at not being able to be present, with the assurance of their con- 
tinued readiness to co-operate. 

Printed copies of the revision by the British Companies, so far 
as completed, viz., in the O. T. of Genesis, Exodus and Leviticus, 
in the N. T. of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke, were 
then distributed to the members of the American Companies with 
the express understanding that they should be regarded and kept 
as strictly confidential. 

After a brief statement by Dr. Schaff in regard to the present 
state of the work of revision in Great Britain, and the desh*e of 
the British Committee to come into immediate connection with 



132 DOCUMEISTTARY HISTORY OF THE 

tlie Americau Committee, the following officers Avero cliosen by 

ballot : 

Rev. Dr. Schaff, Chairman, 
Pkof. George E. Day, Secretary, 
Prof. Charles Short, Treasurer. 

It was then voted 

1. That the two Companies hold their meetings in New York. 

2. That the officers of the Committee be authorized to secure 
the room No. 42 in the Bible House for one year or less, and to 
purchase the necessary furniture. 

3. That Profs. Short, Day and Green be a committee to report 
upon the means of obtaining the necessary funds for the prosecu- 
tion of the work of the Committee. » 

The two Companies then separated for the purpose of organiza- 
tion. On meeting again the 0. T. Company reported that they 
had made choice of Prof. William Henry Green, Chairman, and 
Prof. George E. Day, Secretary ; the N. T. Company reported that 
they had elected Rev, Dr. Woolsey, Chairman, and Prof. Charles 
Short, Secretary. 

The Committee then adjourned to meet at No. 40 Bible House, 

on Saturday, Nov. 2, at 9 a.m. 

George E. Day, Stcretary. 



QUALIFICATIONS FOR MEMBERSHIP. 

[From the Minutes, p. 11.] 

New York, Nov. 30, 1872. 
The Committee met this day at a quarter before 10 a.m., at No. 
40 Bible House. Present, Dis. Schaff, De Witt, Conant, Bishop 
Lee, Drs. Green, Hare, Day, Strong, Packard, Kendrick, Thayer 
and Abbot. 

* 7V * v!- ^\^Q following report from the Committee on NeAv Mem- 
bers, presented by the Chairman, Dr. Schaff, was adopted : 

" The Committee appointed to consider new nominations for 
membership beg leave to report the following recommendations: 

" 1. The primary qualification for membership is, known profi- 
ciency in biblical scholarship, in accordance with rule 5 of the 
original commission of the Convocation of Canterbury, under 
which the American Conmiitteo has been organized. 



AMERICAN EIBLE KEVISIOl^ COjVEVHTTEE. 1S3 

"2. No religions denomination can claim representation in the 
Committee on purely denominational grounds. 

" 3, It is j)roper and desirable that, in due subordination to the 
first qualification, regard should be had to a fair representation of 
the various denominations using the Scriptures, in the Authorized 
English Version, and of the theological and literary institutions 
of the country, 

" 4, It is inexpedient, at present, to elect scholars residing at a 
great distance from New York, unless it be as corresponding 
members. 

"5. The name of Eev. Dr. Crosby, Chancellor of the University 
of New York, is proposed to fill the vacancy occasioned in the 
New Testament Company by the resignation of the Rev. Prof. 
Henry B. Smith, D.D." 

In accordance with the last recommendation in this report, it 
was voted that Kev. Howard Crosby, D.D., be nominated for 
membership in this Committee, in place of Prof. Smith, resigned, 
and that the vote be taken at the next meeting. 

Prof. Charles A. Aiken, D.D., of Princeton, was also nominated 
for membership in the O. T. Company ; Prof. Timothy Dwight, 
D.D., of New Haven, in the N. T. Company, in place of Prof. 
Iladley, deceased ; and Prof. Charles M. Mead, of Andover, in 
the O. T. Company. 

Adjourned to the last Thursday of December, at 7 p.m. 

George E. Day, Secretary. 



ORGANIZATION OF THE FINANCE COMMITTEE. 

[Letter of Dr. Sehaff to the Committee on Bible Revision. From the Minutes, p. 71.] 

42 Bible House, New York, May 14th, 1875. 

Dear Brethren : 

I am happy to inform you that I have succeeded at last in 
securing the consent of about twenty gentlemen of different de- 
nominations and high standing in the coinmunit}', to serve as 
a Committee of Finance to co-operate with our Committee. After 
repeated delays and disappointments, the first meeting was held 
in this room May 12th, and an organization effected. The Hon. 
Nathan Bishop, LL.D., was elected President, and Mr. A. L. 



134 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

Taylor, Treasurer and Secretary. Mr. Taylor is Treasurer of the 
American Bible Society, and lias his office in the Bible House. 
An appeal for funds has also been adopted, but may not be used 
till my return from England ; for the Finance Committee, before 
beginning theh work in earnest, desire to know the result of our 
negotiations with the British Committee concerning our precise 
status in the final revision, as this will have a material bearing 
upon the mode of their action, and the character of the appeal to 
be made to American friends of revision. 

I have, therefore, all the more felt it my duty to comply with 
the desire of the Committee as expressed in your resolution of the 
March meeting, and to proceed to England. 

I shall spare no pains to secure as favorable terms as possible 
from the British Committee aud fi'om the University Presses. I 
shall sail to-morrow in the luman steamer "City of Berlin," and 
hope to return in August. I shall make no claim on you for the 
reimbursement of my traveling expenses. 

To relieve you from all financial care and effort during the year, 
even if I should fail to organize the Finance Committee, I made 
a special effort during the last few days to raise funds. I secured 
$620 from a few friends, one of whom had already given $500. 
This makes, in all, $1,325 raised by me during the year from May, 
1874. I received also several good promises for further aid. 

The treasury stands now as follows : 

Balance in hands of Prof. Short, May 12, . . . $1,064 06 
" of my collections paid this day to Mr. Taylor, 324 91 

$1,388 97 

This is more than enough for our expenses till the close of the 
year. Mr. Taylor awaits your instructions for arrangements with 
Prof. Short, our faithful and efficient Treasurer. 

AVishing you all a pleasant vacation, I am with great respect 
and affection, 

Your brother and fellow- worlcer, 

PniLir SCHAFF. 

VOTES OF THANKS. 

[From the Minutes, Sept. 25, 1880. (p. 151. )1 

Voted, That at the close of the work of the Old Testament 
Company, the books purchased for tlio use of iho Committee bo 



AMERICAlSr BIBLE EEVISIOJST COMMITTEE. 135 

presented to our Chairman, Rev. Prof. Philip Sclmff, D.D., in tes- 
timony of our appreciation of his important services and faithful 
labors in the work of Bible revision. 

[From the Minutes, Oct. 29, 1880. (p. 158.)1 

Resolved, That the thanks- of this (N. T.) Company be rendered 
to Dr. Scliaff for the efficient and constant and successful labor 
which he has imposed upon himself in raising funds to meet the 
expenses of the American Bible revisers, and in aiding the prog- 
ress of the work in various other ways. We regard these labors 
as having been essential and vital to our success, and we ask the 
Old Testament Company to join us in the expression of thanks. 

[From the Minutes, Jan. 27, 1881. (p. 160.)] 

Resolved, That the Americau Bible Revision Committee recog- 
nize and acknowledge the efficient and cordial co-operation which 
has been given to their work by the gratuitous services of Mr. 
Andrew L. Taylor, and hereby record their thanks for the financial 
furtherance of their labors due to his ready activity as their 
treasurer. 

This acknowledgment was unanimously adopted. 



PREPARATION OF DOCUMENTARY HISTORY. 

[From the Minutes, Jan. 27, 1881. (p. 161.)] 

The President, Dr. Schaif, was requested as a committee of this 
body to prepare a report or documentary history of the American 
revision work, with such reminiscences as the members might be 
willing to contribute. 

RESOLUTION OF OCT. 28, 1881, RELATING TO ANNUAL 

MEETING AND THE PREFACE AND APPENDIX 

TO REVISED NEW TESTAMENT. 

[From the Minutes (p. 165.), October 28, 1881.] 

Voted, That an annual meeting e)f the Cotnmittee be held in Octo- 
ber, and that the members residing in the city of New York be a 
committee of arrangements for the next meeting. 

In regard to an inquiry proposed by Dr. Woolsey, whether it 
would be proper for individual members of the Committee to pub- 



136 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

lisli unfavorable criticisms upon anj part of the revision, the Sec- 
retary was directed to enter upon the minutes the opinion gener- 
ally expressed that such criticism is the right of each member of. 
the Committee, but should be used in a way not to imperil the 
general adoption of the revision. 

In regard to our relations to the English Committee, 

Voted, That the American Committee think that the Preface of 
the Revised New Testament ought to have stated expressly that 
the American criticisms and suggestions were not only " closely 
and carefully considered,'' but many of them adopted also, and that 
the heading of the American Appendix ought to have been printed 
according to promise, exactly as written, and not so changed as to 
represent its appearance as a favor instead of a right, by virtue of 
agreement of August, 1877 ; and that they trust that in the Pref- 
ace and Appendix which shall hereafter be issued in connection 
with the Old Testament these omissions may not be repeated.* 



ACTIONS OF THE TWO COMPANIES AT THE ANNUAL 
UNION MEETING, HELD OCT. 2G, 1882. 

[See Minutes, pp. 174-176.] 
On motion it was voted that the resolution of the Old Testa- 
ment Company under date of April 28, 1882,t be approved and 
adopted. 

■"' This resolution was by uirection of the 0. T. Company transmitted to the 
British 0. T. Company, with explanatory note, July 19, 18S3- 

The heading of the American Appendix, as sent to England, was as follows 
(nearly in the language of tlie Agreement with the University Presses) : 

" The American N. T. Revision Company, having in many cases yielded their 
preference for certain readings and renderings, present the following instances 
in which they differ from the Englisli Company, as in tlieir view of sufficient im- 
portance to be appended to the revision, in accordance with an understanding 
between the Companies." 

The English Company, without tlio knowledge or consent of the American 
Company, lias sul)stituted for this the following heading : 

"List of readings and renderings preferred by tlic American Committee, re- 
corded at their desire." 

f This refers to room rent and clerk Iiire, and is as follows : 

At a meeting of the Old Testament Company held April 28, 1882, at No. 44 
Bible House, the following resolution was adopted: 

Tiesoh.'cd, That tlie Old 'I'cstamcnt Company having heard Dr. Schnff state tlio 
existing arrangements with the American Bible Society and the Finance Commit- 



AMERICAN BIBLE EEVISION COMMITTEE. 137 

The report of the Committee of Arrangements was read, and 
the recommendations it contained were considered in their order. 
It was Voted : 

1. That a committee be appointed, with full editorial power, to 
make all necessary arrangements for the publication of the history 
of the work of the American Bible Revision Committee prepared 
by Dr. Schaff, with the provision that this history be not issued 
until the whole has been submitted in print to each member of 
the committee, and passed upon at a meeting of the joint Com- 
mittee regularly convened. [The Committee of Publication ap- 
pointed under this resolution wereDrs. Schaff, Crosby, Chambers, 
Dwight, Abbot, and Day.] 

2. Voted, That two committees be appointed to draw up a digest 
of the actual work of the American Companies, as it appears in 
the published revision, to be presented in print to the whole Com- 
mittee, but not published until ordered, and that the sum of one 
hundred and twenty-five dollars, at least, be paid to each member 
of said Committee for this special service. 

[Under this resolution, Bishop Lee and Drs. Abbot, Riddle, 
Thayer, and Dwight were appointed on the >Tew Testament ; and 
Drs. Osgood, Green, Chambers, and DeWitt on the Old Testa- 
ment.] 

3. Voted, That the Secretaries of the two Companies be re- 
quested to prepare a statistical report of the meetings of these 
Companies. 

4. Voted, That the consideration of the fourth recommendation 
be postponed.^ 

The President was requested to present to Col. Elliott F. 

tee, as detailed in the memorandum of the Treasurer, Mr, Andrew L. Taylor 
(dated April 3d, 1882), in regard to the room occupied by them, and the clerk em- 
ployed by the Finance Committee in their service, hereby express their entire 
satisfaction with the same, and desire the same to be continued till the revision 
work is completed. 
Unanimously passed. 

W. Henry Green, Chairman. 
Talbot W. Chambers, Sec. pro tern. 

[The memorandum of Mr. Taylor referred to above and recorded in the Minutes, pp. 169-171, 
provides that the Am. Bible Society release the Revision Committee of all charge for rent in con- 
sideration of Dr. Schaff's paying annually " a proper and sutHcient sum '" for his private use of 
Rooms 42 and 44, when not occupied by the Committee.] 

* The fourth recommendation was as follows: " That the expediency be consid- 
ered of the Companies holding further meetings to consider what changes it may 
seem desirable to make finally in their work," 



l;38 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

Shepard the thanks of the Committee for his courteous invitation 
to a social reunion at his residence this evening. 

The following resolution was adopted : 

Whereas, the Congress of the United States, at the request of 
the Finance Committee, has unanimously remitted the usual duty 
on the copies of the Kevised Version of the New Testament im- 
ported for the use of the Committee. 

Voted, That the President and Secretary of this body be au- 
thorized to sign the legal papers required. 



ACTION OF THE SECOND ANNUAL MEETING, HELD 

OCT. 25, 1883. 

[See Minutes pp. 178-181.] 

Bible Eevision Committee Kooms, \ 

4:4: Bible House, >- 

New York, Oct. 25, 1883. ) 

At the annual meeting of the Committee, held at 2 o'clock this 
day, there were present, Drs. Schaff, Kendrick, Conant, Osgood, 
Packard, Thayer, Chase, Dwight, Abbot, Shorl;, DeWitt, Crosby, 
Riddle, Chambers, Strong, and Day. 

Letters were read from Drs. Woolsey and Hare, and Bishop 
Lee, expressing their regret at not being able to be present. 

The President, Dr. Schaff, called upon Dr. Conant to offer 
prayer, after which the minutes of the last meeting were read and 
approved. 

At the reception to be given to the Committee this evening by 
Mr. Morris K. Jesup, Dr. Crosby and Prof. Thayer, of the New 
Testament Company, were requested to make addresses ; also 
two members of the Old Testament to be appohited by that Com- 
pany. They were Dr. Chambers and Dr. DeWitt. 

The President reported that the Documentary History of the 
American Committee on lievision was in print and that copies 
had been sent to all the members of the Committee, whereupon 
it was voted that the thanks of the Committee be given to Dr. 
Schaff for his care and labor in preparing this work, and that the 
circulation be hmited for the present to members of the Commit- 
tee with the understanding that it be regarded as private and 
confidential. 

Voted, That the consideration of the question of supplying the 



AMEBIC AN BIBLE KEVISIOIS' COMMITTEE. 189 

subscribers to the revision of the Old Testament with copies of 
the Documentary History be postponed till the next meeting. 

Voted, That on the publication of tlie Old Testament twenty 
copies be given to each member of the American Kevision Com- 
mittee, and one copy to each member of the Finance Committee." 

Voted, That the Old Testament Company at the close of their 
labors have authority to dispose of the furniture and other i:)rop- 
erty of the Committee, with the exception of the funds in the 
hands of the Treasurer. 

Dr. Thayer presented a report of the attendance of the members 
of the New Testament Company and requested further informa- 
tion from the members, on which it was voted that he be i-equested, 
in co-operation with Prof. Short, to complete the document. 

The Old Testament Company reported that the means did not 
exist of making a complete statement of the attendance upon that 
body. 

Voted, That the Old Testament Company be authorized to draw 
upon the Treasurer for payment of expenses in the preparation of 
copy in carrying forward their work. 

In the absence of Bishop Lee, Chairman of the Committee ap- 
pointed to draw up a digest of the actual work of the American 
Companies as it appears in the published Kevision, Prof. Dwight 
reported that the Committee had met three days in Cambridge, 
Mass., and had prepared the digest proposed, upon which it was 
voted (1) That the thanks of the whole Committee be given to 
this special Committee for this valuable work ; (2) That this 
special Committee be authorized to draw upon the Treasurer for 
what they may regard as a proper compensation to Prof. Dwight 
for his special part of the work on preparing this paper, in 
addition to what was appropriated to the members of the Com- 
mittee. (See p. 175.) 

Dr. Woolsey having proposed as a preparation to a second 
revision to be undertaken by the American Committee fourteen 
years after the first appeared, that the Committee consider the 
expediency of filling up their number from time to time, as death 
removes one and another, so that when the American Committee 
shall be able to prepare a second edition, they have a full work- 
ing power and be able to go forward whether the British Kevisers 
join them or not, — it was voted, that the consideration of this 
question be reserved for the next meeting. 
[*This resolution was reconsidered at the meeting in Oct., 1884. See below, p. 143.] 



140 DOCUMENTAEY HISTOEY OF THE 

Prof. Thayer having reported that some errors had been dis- 
covered iu the University editions of the Revision, a Committee, 
consisting of Drs. Thayer, Abbot and Riddle, was appointed to 
note any error or oversight, either in the text of the University 
editions or in the American Appendix, and to furnish the same to 
the University Presses, with full power of correction so far as the 
American Appendix is concerned. 

Voted., That the President and Secretary be authorized to call a 
special meeting of the Committee at any time it may be neces- 
sary. 

The Committee then adjourned. 

Geoege E. Day, Secretary. 



ACTION OF A SPECIAL MEETING OE THE TWO COM- 
PANIES, HELD APPJL 25, 1884. 

[See Minutes, pp. 182-186.] 

Bible Revision Committee Rooms, \ 
42 Bible House, New York, April 25, 1884. j 

A special meeting of the Committee was held this day, at 2 
p.m., in accordance with a call signed by the President and Secre- 
tary, and was opened with prayer by Professor D wight. The 
members present were Drs. Schaff, Lee, Short, Dwight, Chase, 
Thayer, Kendrick, De Witt, Strong, Conant, Riddle, Crosby, 
Chambers, and Day (14). 

The call for the meeting was then read, as follows : 

Bible Revision Committee Rooms, ) 
Bible House, New York, April 14, 1884. [ 
Dear Sir : 

You are respectfully requested to attend a special meeting of 
the Revision Committee in this room on Friday, April 25, at 2 
P.M. (the day when the O. T. Comp. expect to complete their 
work), for the following purposes : 

1. To pay a suitable tribute of respect to the memory of our 
departed brother. Dr. Abbot. 

2. To act on the proposal of Dr. Woolsey, laid over at the last 
meeting, concerning further work of the Committee. 

3. To decide whether or not, and when, the Documentary His- 
tory is to be published. 



AMEBIC AN BIBLE KE VISION COMMITTEE. 141 

■1. To appoint a delegation to attend the final meeting of the 
O. T. Comp. in London in July next. 

The Committee will dine together on Friday evening after the 
close of the session, and the expenses of the members will be 
paid by the Treasurer. 

Very truly yours, 

Philip Schaff, 
George E. Day. 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. Let- 
ters were read from Drs. Woolsey, Hare, and Packard, expressing 
regret at their inability to attend. 

The following tribute of regard to the memory of Dr. Ezra 
Abbot, presented by Dr. Thayer, of the New Testament Company, 
w%as unanimously adopted,"^ and a copy was directed to be sent to 
his widow, and also to be furnished to the press ; copies also to 
be sent to the British Revisers and to members of the American 
Committee not present. 

On the proposal of Dr. Woolsey, remarks were made in favor of 
some such provision by Drs. Crosby, Day, Thayer, Dwight and 
Chambers, but any formal action at present was thought to be 
premature, and the further consideration of the matter was post- 
poned till the annual meeting in October. 

An interesting conversation took place on the importance of 
giving fuller information to the public in regard to the Greek test 
of the Revision, for the purpose of correcting erroneous im- 
pressions. 

It was understood that Dr. Thayer Avould soon make some 
communication of this kind. 

In regard to the Documentary History of the Revision v>liich 
subscribers to the Old Testament had been encouraged to expect, 
it was voted that instead of giving the documents in full, a history 
of the Revision, based upon the original documents, and including 
such of til em as seems advisable, should be ])repared. Bishop 
Lee and Professors Dwight and Day were appointed under this 
resolution. 

Several members of the Committee, expecting to visit Europe in 
the summer, or being already abroad, viz., Drs. Schatf, Green, 
Day, Aiken, Chambers, and Mead, it was voted that they be ap- 

[■■' See the last of the Memorial Papers in the Fifth Part, p. 155.] 



142 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

pointed a delegation to attend tlie final meeting of the British Old 
Testament Company in London the first week in July. 

The members of the Committee residing in New York were re- 
quested to make all needful arrangements for the annual meeting 
in October. The Committee then adjourned. 

Geo. E. Day, Secretary. 



ACTION or THE THIRD ANNUAL MEETING, HELD 
OCTOBEE 28, 1884 

[See Minutes, pp. 187-188.J 

42 Bible House, ) 
New York, October 28, 1884. f 

The annual meeting of the Revision Committee, postponed at 
the recommendation of the Old Testament Company to this day, 
was held at 1\ p.m. 

Present : Bishop Lee and Drs. Schaff, Packard, Osgood, Chase, 
Short, Dwigbt, Crosby, Riddle, Green, Strong, Aiken, Chambers, 
Thayer, DeWitt, Kendrick and Day. 

After prayer by the Pi-esident, Dr. Schaff, the minutes of the 
last meeting were read and approved. 

Dr. Schaff made a statement in regard to the funds, on which 
it was voted that instead of twenty copies of the Revised Old 
Testament to be furnished to each member of the Committee, 
as ordered at a previous meeting, the number be limited to ten 
copies to each member. 

The Committee, consisting of Bishop Lee and Professors Dwight 
and Day, appointed to prepare a history of the revision and of 
the connection between the British and American Committees on 
the basis of the documents and correspondence arranged and pre- 
sented by Dr. Schaff at a previous meeting, reported through 
Prof. Dwight the draft of such a history. After remarks by Dr. 
Crosby, Dr. Schaff, Dr. Osgood and others, expressing their satis- 
faction, it was unanimously voted that the Documentary History 
of the Revision which has been presented be adopted and printed, 
and the copies of the same be sent to those who have subscribed 
to the Memorial Edition of the Revised Version. 

In regard to the election of new members, the consideration of 



AMERICAN BIBLE KEVISION COMMITTEE. 143 

which was postponed at the hist meeting, it was voted that it is 
inexpedient to take action on this subject at present. 

Prof, Thayer was authorized and requested to send to the 
University Presses in England any errors he may discover in the 
American Appendix to the Revision of the New Testament. 

The Committee then adjourned, to meet at the call of the Presi- 
dent and Secretary. 

Geo. E. Day, Secretary. 



^art f ifti). 



MEMOEIAL PAPEES. 



MEMORIAL PAPERS. 



DE. HACKETT. 

[From the Minutes, Nov. 26, 1875, p. 89.] 

A committee consisting of Drs. Kendrick, Woolsey and Abbot 
was appointed to di'aft a minute commemorative of our associate, 
Br. Hackett, deceased since our last meeting. Tliey prepared tlie 
following paper, wliicli was ordered to be placed on our records 
and a copy to be given to the press for publication : — 

" With profound regret this Committee have to record the death, 
since their last session, of the Rev. Dr. Horatio Balch Hackett, 
one of our country's most eminent biblical scholars aiid a loved 
and honored member of this board of revision. Dr, Hackett was 
born in Salisbury, Mass., December 27, 1808. Having been grad- 
uated with high honor from Amherst College and Audover Theo- 
logical Seminary, he served for four years, first as adjunct Professor 
of the Latin and Greek Languages and Literature in Newton Theo- 
logical Institution, and during the last six years as Professor of New 
Testament Exegesis in the Rochester Theological Seminary. In all 
the positions his varied duties were discharged with eminent ability. 

" As a biblical scholar he rose rapidly to take rank with the 
ablest scholars in our own and other lands. As a teacher he was 
no less distinguished, nuiting exact learning and vigorous method 
with a devout reverence for the sacred Word, and an intense en- 
thusiasm that kindled into life even the driest grammatical details, 
he made his lecture-room, to all who frequented it, a place of un- 
wonted quickening and inspiration. As an author, his various 
contributions to sacred literature have been exceedingly valuable. 
His Commentary on the Acts is regarded abroad as well as at 
home as of standard excellence ; and his enlarged edition (under- 
taken in conjunction with Dr, Ezra Abbot) of Smith's Dictionary 
of the Bible, to the English edition of which he was a contributor, 
has greatly enhanced the value of that excellent work, and won 
for him the lasting gratitude of students of the Scriptures. 

"Dr. Hackett came to feel deeply the need of improving our ex- 
cellent standard version of the Bible. For several years he lent 



148 DOCU-MENTARY IIISTOEY OF THE 

liis valuable services to the American Bible Union, and when the 
American Board of Revisers was organized to co-operate with the 
English Revision Committee, he entered heartily into the work as 
a member of the New Testament section of our bod}'. Though 
his increasingly dehcate health forbade his uniform attendance at 
the meetings, yet his presence was always warmly greeted by his 
colleagues in revision, and to his opinions, expressed with invari- 
able modesty, was accorded the weight due to ripe learning and 
an admirably balanced judgment. 

"In his personal character he was no less estimable. Retiring 
as he was in disposition and living in scholarly seclusion, few 
knew how deep and warm were his affections, and how tender his 
sympathies ; how refined were his tastes and how varied his culture ; 
how wide was his outlook, and how just were his judgments of pub- 
lic affairs ; how fervid was his patriotism, and how humble and 
unaffected was his Jjiety ; in short, what a wealth of noble and 
Christian qualities lay hidden beneath that quiet exterior. In all 
his relations as a man, a teacher, a scholar and a Christian he 
commanded at once love and veneration, and his later pupils were 
wont to trace in his gentle and chastened enthusiasm a resemblance 
to the ' Beloved Disciple ' whose writings he so genially expounded. 
Nobly has he accomplished his earthly work, and in the higher 
sphere to which death has translated him, he is enjoying, we 
doubt not, the fruits of a life of faithful consecration to the sei-v- 
ice of the Church and the Church's Lord. With heartfelt grati- 
tude to Him who has given to the Church the blessing of such a 
life we place on record this imperfect tribute to his high scholarly 
and personal excellence." 

Resolved, That the Secretary of this Committee be requested to 
transmit to the family of Dr. Hackett a copy of the above minute, 
with the assurance of our tender sympathy with them in their 
sore bereavement, and our prayer that the Heavenly Comforter may 
impart to them His abundant consolations. 

George E. Day, Sec. 



PROFESSOR TAYLER LEWIS. 

[From tlio Minutes, Jan. 25, 1878, pp. 133, 134.] 

42 Bible House, New York, Jan. 25, 1878. 
The following paper respecting the life and services of the late 
Prof. Tayler Lewis was adopted unanimously. It was also voted 



AJVIERICAISr BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 149 

that it be recorded in the minutes and published in the rehgious 
newspapers : 

" The death of so distinguished a scholar as Dr. Lewis calls for 
a passing tribute from his brethren of the American Bible Re- 
vision Committee. While his physical infirmities limited his co- 
operation in our work to the occasional communication of written 
suggestions, these were always highly prized, and his interest in 
the progress and success of the work was by many signs known 
to be deep and genuine. It was a source of much regret to the 
Old Testament Company that they could not enjoy more frequently 
and abundantly the results of his prolonged and profound biblical 
and philological studies. 

"From the profession of the law, which he had entered. Dr. 
Lewis early turned to the more congenial work of a scholar, 
teacher, and man of letters. For more than forty years he was by 
profession a teacher, and was nearly the whole of this period con- 
nected first with the University of New York and later with 
Union College. His special department was that of the Greek 
language and literature ; and after disabling infirmities cut him 
off from the ordinary work of the recitation room, his own genius 
and enthusiasm continued to inspire class after class in the lecture 
room, and in his parlors, with something of his own admiration 
for Greek literature and philosophy. His studies in Hebrew and 
the cognate languages began early and were prosecuted with char- 
acteristic energy and with rich results. His well-worn Hebrew 
Bible bears witness, through his memoranda, to the frequency 
with which he had many years ago re-read it in course. And he 
left behind him numerous and carefully elaborated comments on 
many of its difficult passages. The Committee cannot withhold 
the expression of the wish that these notes, or a judicious selec- 
tion from them, may yet be published, in addition to the biblical 
studies which he had given to the public during his life. Dr. 
Lewis was no recluse. In philosophical, pohtical and theological 
discussion he was deeply interested, and with unusual versatility 
and power took ready part in such debates. lie was not merely 
a loyal and valiant, but an aggressive, champion of what he held 
to be the truth. Especially were all his energies and resources 
ready for the most prompt and vigorous use in maintaining the 
supremacy of the "Word of God over all human thinking and liv- 
ing. With himself has passed away one who in the variety and 
extent of his resources and attainments has reflected honor upon 



150 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY OF THE 

American scholarsliip, and wliose memor}' will be cherished by 
all wlio appreciate his faithful labors for Christ." 



DE. NATHAN BISHOP. 

[From the Minutes, Sept. 25, 1880, p. 148.] 

The following paper, prepared by Dr. Schaff, commemorative of 
the late Hon. Nathan Bishop, LL.D., was adopted : 

" The American Revision Committee record with profound sor- 
row the death of Dr. Nathan Bishop, Chairman of the Committee 
on Finance, who was called to his reward August 7, 1880, at Sara- 
toga, aged seventy-two years. 

" We share iti the universal esteem for his pure and consistently 
Christian character, his amiable and catholic spirit, his sound 
judgment, his generous liberality in promoting every good cause. 
He was a man who delighted in doing good without ostentation, 
from principle and from pure love to his Lord and his fellow-men. 
He took a deep and intelligent interest in the revision movement 
from the start, and never doubted for a moment its iinal success. 
He was the most liberal and cheerful contributor toward the ex- 
penses of our Committee, and considered it an honor and privilege 
to promote a cause so sacred and important to all readers of the 
Word of God. His name is identified with the labors of this 
Committee, and his memory will be cherished by all Avho person- 
ally knew him. 

" Resolved, That a copy of this minute be sent to the widow of 
Dr. Bishop." 



DR. WASHBURN. 

[From the Minutes, Get. 28, 1881, p. 103.] 

The following memorial paper, prepared by Bishop Lee, on the 
death of Rev. Dr. Washburn, was read and adopted, and the Sec- 
retary w\as directed to send a copy of the sanio to his widow, and 
also to the public press : 

" Since the conclusion of the labors of the New Testament Com- 
pany, it has pleased Almighty God to take out of this Avorld one 
of their number, the Reverend Edward A. Washburn, D.D., Rector 
of Calvary Church, in the City of New York. 

" It is the desire of those associated so long with him in this 



AMERICAN" BIBLE REVISION COMMITTEE. 151 

important work to place upon their records an expression of their 
high estimate of the character of their lamented fellow-laborer, 
and of their affectionate regard for his memory. 

" Dr. Washburn was a man whose marked ability and noble 
qualities commanded universal respect, while his ready sympathy 
and kindliness endeared him to a large circle of friends. He was 
a scholar, assiduous and well trained, whose powerful mind readily 
grasped and fed upon knowledge, both secular and sacred. As a 
faithful pastor and an instructive, forcible preacher, he stood in 
the foremost rank. In the pursuit of truth he was honest and 
earnest, and in the avowal of his convictions fearless and out- 
spoken. In his whole intercourse he was remarkably transparent, 
open and genuine — a man to be admired, trusted and loved. 

" In the present revision of the English Bible his interest was 
enlisted from the beginning. He took an early and decided 
stand as its advocate, and the first public meeting in this country 
in behalf of the undertaking was held in his church. Disease, 
against which ho manfally struggled through a large part of his 
life, drove him to a foreign land in search of health soon after the 
labors of the Committee commenced, and after his return the same 
cause often interrupted his attendance at our meetings. It has 
been a source of great regret to his associates that they lost so 
much of the advantage that would have accrued from his more 
frequent co-operation. But when he could be with us his pres- 
ence was ghidly welcomed, and his suggestions highly valued. 
Upon his connection with this work we look back with satisfaction 
and gratitude. He was not permitted to hail the public appear- 
ance of the volume to whicli he had given so much time and 
thought, but its saving truths were dear to his heart, and we can- 
not doubt through divine grace were instrumental in preparing 
him for the event which came so unexpectedly. 

" Kemoved in the fulness of his ripened powers and in the height 
of his usefulness, his end might seem to us premature, but we bow 
in submission to His will who doeth all things well." 



DR. BUKE. 

[From the Minutes, Oct. 26, 1882, pp. 175-177.] 

The following tribute to the memory of the Rev. Jonathan 
Kelsey Burr, D.D., of the New Testament Company, deceased 



152 DOCUMETiTTAEY HISTORY OF THE 

since our last meeting, presented by Dr. Strong, was unanimously 
adopted, and directed to be placed upon our minutes, with the 
request to Dr. Strong to communicate the same to the surviving 
members of Dr. Burr's family : 

" The Eev. Jonathan Kelsey Burr, D.D., a member of the New 
Testament Company of the American Bible Revision Committee, 
who died April 24, 1882, was born in Middletown, Conn., Septem- 
ber 21, 1825, and graduated from the Wesleyan University in 1845, 
and in 1846 was a student in the Union Theological Seminary. 
With the exception of the last two years of his life, when he was 
gradually failing with consumption, he spent the intermediate 
years in the active ministry of the JMethodist Episcoftal Church, 
occupying several of the most important pulpits within the bounds 
of the New Jersey and the Newark Conferences. As a preacher 
and pastor he held a high rank in his denomination, and was uni- 
versally respected and beloved for his scholarly attainments, his 
uniform urbanity, and his diligent habits. He was the friend of 
the rich and the poor alike, and was equally welcome and at 
home in the elegant mansion and in the humblest dwelling. He 
was a man of extensive reading, of refined taste, and of thorough 
culture, as well as of deep but undemonstrative piety. Modesty 
combined with activity was a marked feature of his character, 
and his conduct in every relation of life evinced a genuine hearti- 
ness and an earnest sobriety which were the result of miich self- 
discipline, a just estimate of his own powers and duties, and a 
manly integrity of purpose. His literary qualification for the 
position which he filled among us with so much ability, credit and 
acceptableness, was also slioAvn in a very excellent series of anno- 
tations on the book of Job, and in occasional contributions to the 
religious journals. His estimable widow has since deceased, and 
two promising sons arc thus left entire orphans. We record this 
memorial in token of our appreciation of his character and serv- 
ices, and our sympathy Avith his surviving friends." 



DE. KRAUTH. 



At the regular monthly meeting of the Old Testament Company 
of the American Bible Revision Company lield in the Bible House, 
New York, February 23d, 1883, the following tribute to the memory 
of our late associate, the Rev. Dr. Charles P. Kranth, Vice-Provost 



AMEKICAlSr BIBLE REVISIOJS- COMMITTEE. 153 

of the University of Pennsylvania, was adopted and directed to 
be presented to the whole Committee at their next annual meet- 
ing in order to be placed upon their records. 

George E. Day, Secretary. 

Charles Porterfield Krauth, D.D., LL. D. 
Born March 17th, 1823, in Martiusburg, Va. 
Died January 2d, 1883, in Philadelphia, Pa. 

His paternal grandfather came to this country from Germany 
in the latter j)art of the last century, and was teacher and organ- 
ist in one of the Keformed churches. His father, Charles Philip 
Krauth (1797-1867), was successively pastor of Lutheran churches 
in Martinsburg and Philadelphia, President of Pennsylvania Col- 
lege at Gettysburg, and Professor in the Theological Seminary at 
the same place. Our friend and associate was his oldest son, and 
consequently enjoyed great advantages in his early training. He 
was graduated in 1839 from the college of which his father was 
president, and immediately commenced theological studies under 
Drs. Schmucker and Schmidt. Having concluded these with high 
honor, he was ordained in 1S42, and became pastor of a church in 
Baltimore. Subsequently he held the same office in Winchester, 
Va., and in Pittsburgh, Pa. In 1859 he was called to St. Mark's 
Lutheran Church, Philadelphia, and two years afterward became 
editor of the Lutheran and 3Iissionary, through which he made 
himself widely felt throughout the religious press. In 1864 he 
was appointed Professor of Theology and Church History in the 
new Seminary then established in Philadelphia. In 1868 he was 
elected to the chair of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy in the 
University of Pennsylvania, and five j-ears afterward was made 
Vice-Provost of the institution. In the discharge of the duties 
of these various offices, together with occasional preaching of the 
Word, he continued until his death, constantly growing in influ- 
ence and usefulness as time developed his rare qualities in guid- 
ing and stimulating the young men under his charge. But his 
earthly tabernacle proved frailer than one would have supposed 
from his commanding presence. He sought to gain relief from 
growing infirmities by a visit to Europe in the year 1880, but the 
improvement was superficial and short-lived, and on the 2d day 
of this year, after an illness of a fortnight, he quietly fell asleep in 
Jesus. 

Our friend did not round out the usual measure of man's days, 



154: DOCUMENl^AllY IIISTOEY OF THE 

but be performed enough work to satisfy the most exacting de- 
mand. His course, whether in the pulpit, or the editorial room, 
or the professorial chair, was one of incessant activity. His pub- 
lished writings are numerous. They consist not only of such 
elaborate volumes as the Conservative Reformation and its Theol- 
ogy^ the translation of Tholuck's Commentary on the Gospel of John, 
the enhirgement of Fleming's Vocabulary of Philosophy^ a new 
edition of Berkeley's Philosophical Writings, but also of various 
minor treatises touching questions in Theology and Church His- 
tory, by which he exerted a vast influence in his own denomina- 
tion. His mind, strong and versatile by nature, was assiduously 
cultivated from early youth. His studies were confined mainly to 
theology in its various branches, to philosophy and literature in 
its wide acceptation. He had accumulated a very large private 
library (14,000 volumes) which was a selection as weU as a collec- 
tion. He was, consequently, unusually well informed on all mat- 
ters relating to his chosen sphere, being a careful as well as a 
constant' reader. This fact made him a formidable antagonist in 
any question respecting the history of opinion. 

In his theological views he was a Lutheran of the Lutherans, 
being a zealous defender and maintaiuer of the Augustana, pure 
and simple, and he headed the reaction which has been going on 
for a generation in our country against the influences which were 
thought to assail the integrity or the authority of the venerable 
Confession of Augsburg. Bnt while he strove with all his might 
for the preservation of Lutheran doctrine and order, he cherished 
a catholic spirit, and took a cordial interest in the prosperity of 
all evangelical Christians. He became a member of this body 
from the commencement, and although hindered, sometimes by 
professional engagements, at others by the state of his health, 
from being as regular in attendance as was desirable, his presence 
M'as always an advantage, and his large acquaintance Avith the 
early English versions of the Scriptures, and with the best idioms 
of our tongue, made his suggestions often of very great value in 
the settlement of a disputed issue. In personal intercourse he 
was one of the most delightful of companions, genial, courteous, 
full of resources, sparkling with wit and anecdotes, yet alwnj^s pre- 
serving the elevated tone of a Christian gentleman. It v^-ould 
have been gratifying if he had been spared to witness the termi- 
nation of our. labors, and rejoice with us in a successful result. 
But the Lord saw fit to order events otherwise, and we bow in 



AMERICAN BIBLE REVISION COHIMITTEE. 155 

submission to His holy will, taking a melancholy pleasure in put- 
ting on record this testimonial to our departed brother. His 
death is a great loss not only to the important religious body of 
which he was a shining ornament, but also to the whole Church of 
Christ in this land, and to the republic of letters. Our country 
has produced few men who united in their own persons so many 
of the excellences which distinguish the scholar, the theologian, 
the exegete, the debater, and the leader of his brethren, as did 
our accomplished associate. His learning did not smother his 
genius, nor did his philosophical attainments impair the simplicity 
of his faith. All gifts and all acquisitions were sedulously made 
subservient to the Gospel of Christ. He illustrated his teachings 
by his life, and has left behind him a memory precious and fra- 
grant not only to his own large communion but to multitudes 
beyond its pale. 



EZRA ABBOT, D.D., LL.D. 

Born in Jackson, Maine, April 28, 1819. 
Died in Cambridge, Mass., March 21, 1884. 

"The grass icitlicrcth, and the flower falleth ; hut the icord of the Lord dbideth 

forever." 

In the death of Professor Abbot the New Testament Revision 
Company are summoned a third time, since the completion of 
their work, to mourn the departure of one of their number. "With 
their associates of the Old Testament Company they would rever- 
ently bow to the Divine appointment, and thoughtfully take to 
heart its admonitions. 

The secluded life of Dr. Abbot, and his singularly modest and 
retiring disposition, rendered him almost, if not quite, a stranger 
to every one of us till we entered on our work together in these 
rooms. In general deliberations respecting matters of business, 
and particularly in those discussions, alike animated and delicate, 
which involved our relations to the English Revisers and the 
University Presses, his voice was heard but seldom. Yet when- 
ever he spoke, his characteristic clearness of apprehension, his 
accm-ate and complete recollection of facts, his judicial impar- 
tiality and dispassionateness, and above all his personal willing- 
ness to become anything or nothing, if so be the Word of God in 



156 HISTORY OF THE BIBLE REVISION" COiOIITTEE 

its purity miglit liave tlie freer course, seldom failed to become 
manifest. 

His sphere of conspicuous service, however, was the Eevision 
work. Always one of the first in his place at the table, and one 
of the last to quit it, he brought with him thither the results of 
careful preparation. His suggestions were seldom the prompt- 
ings of the moment. Hence they always commanded considera- 
tion ; often secured instant adoj)tion. Well versed in the re- 
sources of our ancestral toDgue, gifted with an ear for its rhythm, 
and trained to a nice discrimination in his use of it, he rendered 
appreciable service in securiug for the new translation certain 
felicities of expression to which its critics, amid their clamorous 
censure of its defects, have hitherto failed to render due recog- 
nition. But it was in questions affecting the Greek text that Dr. 
Abbot's exceptional gifts and attainments were pre-eminently 
helpful. Several of his essays on debated passages, appended to 
the printed reports of our proceedings which w^ere forwarded from 
time to time to the brethren in England, are amoDg the most 
thorough discussions of the sort which are extant, won immediate 
respect for American scholarship in this department, and had no 
small influence in determining that form of the sacred text which 
will ultimately, we believe, find acceptance with all Christian 
scholars. 

To his distinction as a scholar, Dr. Abbot added rare excellence 
as a Christian. Such chastened sweetness of disposition, such 
disciplined regard for the sensibilities of his associates, such 
studied generosity in debate, such patient deference when over- 
ruled, such magnanimous equanimity in victory as were habitual 
with him, were never surpassed among us. Difi'ering from the 
rest of us as he did in some of his theological tenets, his Christ- 
like temper rendered him a brother beloved, and lends a heavenly 
lustre to his memory. 

We, his survivors, desire to place on record our affectionate 
tribute to his worth, and to offer to his bereaved kindred a tender 
expression of our sympathy. 

Eevision Eooms, 42 and 44 Bible House, New York, 
Friday, April 25, 1884. 

The above minute, presented by Dr. Thayer, was unanimously 
adopted by the Committee. 



Part Sixtj). 



KEPOET OF THE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE AND 
LIST OF DONORS AND SUBSCPJBEES. 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE 
AND LIST OF DONORS AND SUBSCRIBERS. 



ORGANIZATION OF THE FINANCE COMMITTEE. 

The Revision of the English Scriptures for public use was undertaken as a 
labor of love, without any prospect of reward except the consciousness of doing a 
good work for the benefit of English-speaking Christendom. But no enterprise 
of such magnitude, embracing so many workers and extending through nearly four- 
teen years, can be accomplished without considerable expense for traveling, print- 
ing, clerical aid, books, room-rent and incidentals. The expenses of the English 
Committee, to the extent of $100,000 and more, were assumed at an early stage by 
the University Presses of Oxford and Cambridge in consideration of the exclusive 
right of publication within her Majesty's dominions. The expenses of the Ameri- 
can Committee were raised in our usual American fashion by voluntary contri 
butions. No aid was ever asked or offered from any foreign quarter. 

For four years the contributions were solicited by the President and a few 
members of the Committee, Professor Short acting as Treasurer. A report was 
made from time to time to contributors in parlor meetings. Some kind lay 
friends volunteered to relieve the Committee of this additional burden ; and in 
May, 1875, a Committee of Finance in co-operation with the Revision Committee 
was organized. 

All the necessaiy funds for the Revision work have been raised, first by solicit- 
ing donations, and afterward in the more convenient way of offering to con- 
tributors of §10 each a presentation copy of the Memorial volume of the New 
Testament. The responses enabled the Committee to return to the subscribers 
what may be regai'ded as a full equivalent for their contribution. The Memorial 
volumes were ordered from the University Presses and delivered free of charge. 
They are gotten up in the very best style of printing and binding, and have given 
universal satisfaction. The Memorial copies will increase in value as they grow 
older and rarei*. 

The success of this plan induced the Finance Committee to offer by a circular, 
dated January 3, 1883, a Memorial Copy of the Revised Old Testament, bound in 
levant morocco, to every contributor of ,$20 toward meeting the expenses for the 
completion of the work. In the autumn of 1884 another circular was issued, in- 
forming contributors that it had been determined to bind the Memorial copies of 
the Old Testament in four volumes, and that the Committee could offer the four- 
volume copy at $30, or the two-volume copy at $25, and that those who had 
hitherto contributed $20, in consideration of which they were entitled to a two- 
volume copy, could increase the contribution to $30 for the other copy, if that 
was preferred. The answer to the circulars was prompt and liberal. The result 
is thought to be sufFicient for the further expenses, if there should be a balance 



160 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY OF THE 

left in the treasury, it will be devoted to some benevolent object connected with 
Bible Revision or Bible distribution. 

The gentlemen who first constituted the Finance Committee, or who afterward 
became connected with it, are : 

NathanBishop.LL.D., New York. (D. 1880.) 

Rev. William Adams, D.D., New York. (D. 1880.) 

Rev. Thos. D. Anderson, D.D., New York. (D. 1881.) 

Mr. A. S. Barnes, New York. 

Mr. M. C. D. Borden, New York. 

Mr. Alexander Brown, Philadelphia. 

Mr. Jas. M. Brovv^n, New York. 

Mr. Wra. A. Cauldwell, New York. 

Mr. Wm. E. Dodge, New York. (D. 1883.) 

Rev. n. Dyer, D.D., New York. 

Mr. John Elliott, New York. 

Judge E. L. Fancher, LL.D., New York. 

Prof. Wm. Gammell, LL.D., Providence, R.I. 

Mr. John C. Havemeyer, New York. 

Mr. Morris K. Jesup, New York. 

Mr. Francis T. King, Baltimore, Md. 

Rt. Rev. Henry C. Potter, D.D., New York. 

Mr. Howard Potter, New York. 

Mr. S. B. Schieffelin, New York. 

Mr. Elliott F. Shepard, New York. 

Mr. John Sloane, New York. 

Mr. Roswell Smith, New York. (Resigned 1881.) 

Rev. R. S. Storrs. D.D., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Mr. Andrew L. Taylor, New York. 

Mr. Chas. Tracy, New York. 

Mr. John B. Trevor, New York. 

Mr. Alexander Van Rensselaer, New York. (D. 1878.) 

Mr. Samuel D. Warren, Boston, Mass. 

Mr. Norman White, New York. (D. 1883.) 

Mr. F. S. Winston, New York. 

The oflacers of the Finance Committee have been: 

Nathan Bishop, LL.D., Chairman (died, 1880). 
Judge E. L. Fancher, LL.D., Chairman (since 1880). 
Andrew L. Taylor, Treasurer. 

The Treasurer reports the total amount of contributions (including remission of 
duties and other items) from the beginning of the work in 1872 to May 11, 1883, 
as $44,761.00. 

The expenses during the same period for traveling, for clerk hire, for office 
expenses, for printing, and for books have been $35,225.60, leaving a balance in the 
treasury of $9,535.91 on May 11, 1883, on which date the account was examined 
and certified to by the Auditing Committee. 

The supplemental statement of the Treasurer from May 11, 1883, to January 
29, 1885, shows total receipts to that date $47,501.46, and total payments 
$38,469.67, and a balance in the treasury of $9,091.79. 



AMERICAN BIBLE EEVISION COMMITTEE. IGl 

The balance in hand will be used for the further expenses of the Committee, 
for the publication of a Documentary History, and for the purchase of Memorial 
copies of the Revised Old Testament. 

The following resolution, passed unanimously by the Revision Committee, finds 
an appropriate place at this point : 

[From the Minutes, Jan. 27, 1881, p. 160.] 

Resolved, That the American Bible Revision Committee recognize and acknowl- 
edge the efficient and cordial co-operation which has been given to their work by 
the gratuitous services of Mr. Andrew L. Taylor, and hereby record their thanks 
for the financial furtherance of their labors due to his ready activity as their 
Treasurer, 

This acknowledgment was unanimously adopted, 
11 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS TO THE FUND 

For Defraying the Expenses 



American Bible Revision Committee, 

• FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE WORK, 

October, 1872, to March ist, 1881. 



Some donors in the follov/ing list have contributed more than once. The 
amount set opposite their names is the aggregate of their several contributions. 
Future contributions will be acknowledged in a supplementary list. 



Abbe, Robt, New I'ork 

Abbot, Geo. Maurice, Phila. . . 

A Friend, ^thro' Dr. Schaff) 

A Friend 

A Friend 

A Friend 

AFriend(byEev. Dr. Pomeroy), 
Cleveland, O 

A Friend (thro' Dr. Schaff) 

A Friend (thi.' Dr. Schaff) 

A Friend (thro' Dr. Schaff) 

A Friend (thro' Dr. Schaff) 

Agnew, Alex. McL., New York.. 

Aiken, Wm. A., Norwich, Conn. 

Aitken, John, New York 

Alabaster, J., Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Albright, Joseph J., Scranton,Pa 

Alexander, Jas. W., New York. . 

Alexander, Wm., Toronto, Can- 
ada 

Allen, Arthur H., (Eev.) Islip, N. 
Y 

Allen, Miss Candace, Providence, 
E. I 

Allen, R. D.H., Peqiiabuck,Conn 

Allen, Wm. H., Phila 

Allinson, Saml, Yardsville, N. J. 

Anonymous 

Anonymous 

Anonymous 

Anonymous 

Apx^leton, J. H. (Rev.) New 
York 

Armsby, A., Millbury, Mass. . .. 

Armstrong, H. K.,PennYan,N.Y. 

Armstrong, Miss Sarah H., New 
York 

Arnold, Mrs., New York . . 

Arnold, D. H., New York 

Atkins, D. F., Brooklyn, N. Y. . 

Atwood, N. L., New York 

Auchincloss, Hugh, New Y'ork. . 
Auchincloss, J. W., New York.. 
Austen, Edward, Orange, N. J. 
Aycrigg, Benjamin, Passaic, N.J. 



$10 00 


:o 00 


100 00 


100 00 


5 00 


75 


3 00 


ICO 00 


10 00 


100 00 


5 00 


20 00 


10 00 


20 00 


10 00 


10 00 


10 00 



10 00 

10 00 

10 00 
10 00 
50 00 
10 00 
25 00 
12 00 
10 CO 
25 00 

10 00 
10 00 
10 00 

10 00 
2 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
50 00 
25 00 
10 00 
10 GO 



Backus, John C, (Eev. )Baltimore 

Bacon, S. J., New York 

Bailey, Latimer, New York 

Baird, John, New York 

Baker, H. E., Detroit, Mich 

Baker, H. K., Hollowell, Maine. 
Baker, Miss Julia, New York . . . 

Baker, John R., Phila 

Balcfir, Miss P. A., New York. . 

Baldwin, Mrs., New York 

Baldwin, C. H., Columbia, S. 

C 

Bald-nan, J. G., New York 

Baldwin, M. G., New York 

Baldwin, Simeon E., New Haven 

Conn 

Baldwin, W. A., Newark, N. J.. 
Ball, John, Grand Rapids, Mich 
Banks, James L., New Yorlc. . . . 
Barbour, Robt., Lake George, 

N. Y 

Barbour, Wm., New York 

Barker, Mrs. E. ' ., New York.. 
Barlow, George, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Barlow, J. M., New York 

Barnard, F. A. P., (Rev.) New 

York 

Barnes, A. S., New York 

Barnes, Theo. M., New York. . . 
Bartlett, Edward 0., Kingston, 

R. I 

Bartlett, Mrs. M., Boston 

Barton, Mrs. Wm., New York. . . 
Bascom, John, Madison, Wis- 
consin 

Bash, H. M., Baltimore 

Bates,Dan'l M., (Rev.) Shanghai, 

China 

Bates, James L., Columbus, 0. . 

Bayard, C. M., Phila 

Beadleston, W. H., New York. . 
Beall, Rob't, Washington, D. C. 
Beecher, Willis J., (Rev. )Auburn. 

N. Y 

Beekman, Gerard, New York. . . 



10 00 


20 00 


75 00 


20 00 


5 00 


10 00 


10 00 


10 00 


10 00 


10 00 


10 00 


40 00 


10 00 


50 00 


10 00 


10 00 


25 00 


10 00 


5 00 


10 00 


10 00 


50 00 


10 00 


120 00 


10 00 


10 00 


10 00 


10 00 


5 10 


10 00 


10 00 


5 00 


10 00 


20 00 


10 00 


5 00 


10 00 



164 



CONTRIBUTIONS TO REVISION FUND. 



Belknap, A. 13., New York 10 00 

Belknap. M. L., Louisville, Ky. 30 00 
Belknap, Robert Lenox, New 

York 10 00 

Benedict, Charles, Waterbury, 

Conn 125 00 

Benedict, E. C, New York 30 00 

Benner, F., Baltimore 10 00 

Bennett, Jas. A., New York 5 00 

Benton, A. L., (Ecv.) Fredonia, 

N. Y 10 00 

Berard, Miss A. Blanche, "West 

Point, NY 10 00 

Berrian, Edward P., New York. 10 00 
Berry J. llomcyn. (Eev.) Mont- 

clair, N. J 10 00 

Battle, Jr., Edward, Phila 10 00 

Beyer, F., Carleton Place, Ont. . 10 00 

Biddle, Miss Anne E., Phila. ... 10 00 

Biddle, Edward C, Phila 20 00 

Biddle, John, Phila 10 00 

Biddle, Mrs. T. A., Phila 10 00 

Bill, A. W., (Rev.) Menominee, 

Mich 5 00 

Birdseye, Clarence F.,New York 10 00 

Bishop, Nathan, New York 800 00 

Bishop, Mrs. Nathan, New York 100 00 

Bissell, A. P., (Rev.) Delhi, O. 10 00 

Bitting, G. C, (Rev.) Baltimore 10 00 
Bittinqer, Rev. J. B., Sewickley, 

Pa 10 00 

Blackall, C. R., New York 5 00 

Blaikie, John L., Toronto, Can- 
ada 10 00 

Blair, Wm., Chicago, III 25 00 

Blake, Chas. M., (Rev.) San 

Francisco, Cal 10 00 

Blakiston, P., Phila 50 00 

Blatchford, E. W., Chicago, 111. 20 00 

Bogert, Henry A., New York. . . 10 00 

Bohlen, John, Phila 100 00 

Bohlen, Mrs. P. M., Phila 25 00 

Bonner, Robert, New York 100 00 

Boone, Thos., (Rev.) Savannah, 

Ga 10 GO 

Boorman, Miss A., New York. . . 10 00 

Boorman, Miss Laura, New York. 10 00 

Boorman, Miss Mary, New York 10 00 
Borden, Mrs. J. G., Brewster, 

N. Y 10 00 

Boyce, Jas. P., (Rev.) Louisville, 

Ky 10 00 

Bradford, J. Russell, Boston.... 10 00 
Branch, James O., (Rev.) Savan- 
nah, Ga 10 00 

Bradford, Martin L., Boston. . . 10 00 

Branch, Thos. P., Augusta, Ga. 20 GO 

Brand, James, New York 20 00 

Brantley.W.T., (Rev.) Baltimore 10 00 

Brauns, F. L., Baltimore 10 00 

Brauns, F. W.. (Rev.) Baltimore 10 00 

Bremer, John L., Boston 100 00 

Brewer, H. O., Kansas, City, Mo. 10 OU 

Briggs, James H., New York. . . 10 00 
Briggs, Mrs. W. T.,East Douglass 



Mass 10 00 

Bright, Edwd., (Rev.) New York 10 00 

Brimmer, Martin, Boston .... 50 00 

Brinckerhoff, E. A., New York.. 150 00 
Brocksmit. J. C, Cedar Rai^ids, 

Iowa 10 00 

Brodie, Wm. A., Geneseo, N. Y. 10 00 

Brooks, Phillips, (Rev.) Boston. 10 00 

Brouwer, Geo. H, New York... 10 00 

Brown, Alex., Baltimore 10 GO 

Brown, Alex., Phila ' 200 00 

Brown, Geo. S., Baltimore 10 00 

Brown, Geo. Wm., Baltimore... 10 00 

Brown, I. Wistar, Phila 10 00 

Brown, James, New York 300 00 

Brown, J. M., New York 10 00 

Brown, James M., New York. . . 200 00 

Brown, John Crosby, New York 20 00 

Brown, John J., Paterson, N. J. 10 00 

Brown, Robt., Jr., Cincinnati, O. 50 00 

Brown, Stewart, New York 250 00 

Browne, Henry H., Brooklyn, NY 10 00 

Brunot, Felix, Pittsburgh, Pa... 50 00 

Bruton, J. W., Baltimore 10 00 

Buell, James, New York 50 00 

Bulkley, Eliza A., Southport, 

Conn 10 00 

Bull, Henry K., New York 10 00 

Bull, Wm. L., Phila 10 00 

Bullock, F. S., Baltimore 10 00 

Bumstead, H. Willis, Boston. . . 20 00 

Burkhalter, Stephen, New York . 20 00 

Burt, Miss H., New York 10 00 

Bush, L., P. Wilmington, Del.. 10 00 

Bussing, John S., New York. . . 5 00 

Butler, Charles, New York 20 00 

Butler, B. F., New York 10 00 

Campbell, Miss Isabel, New York 10 00 

Campbell, H. P., New York. ... 5 00 

Campbell, Mrs. R., New York. . 10 00 

Candy, Wm. S., Milwaukee, Wis. 5 00 
Canfield, Mary C, Princeton, 

N. J 300 00 

Care3% Jr., John, New York 50 00 

Carey, Saml. E., Keokuk, Iowa. 5 00 
Carpenter, George M., Provi- 
dence, R. 1 10 00 

Carpenter. R. B., Portchester. . 10 00 

Carson, Mrs. M. G., New York. 5 00 

Carter, Aaron, New York 5 00 

Cary, John G.,Roxbury Station, 

Mass 10 00 

Catlin, F. W., Brooklyn, N. Y. . 10 00 
Caughey, Jolin A., Pittsburgh, 

Pa 10 00 

" Cash," New York 5 00 

"Cash," New York 5 00 

" Cash," Now York 2 00 

" Cash," Hampton, Va 10 00 

Cauldwcll, Wm. A., New York. 200 00 
Chaffee, Mrs. Eugene, W., Moo- 

dus. Ct 10 00 

Chamberlain, L. T., (Eev.) Nor- 
wich, Conn 10 00 



CONTRIBUTIONS TO REVISION FUND. 



165 



Chambers, Kobt. B., Providence, 

R. 1 10 00 

Chapin, E. P., Springfield, Mass 10 00 
Chapin, John E. (Eev.) Neenah, 

Wis 5 00 

Chapin, J. H. (Rev.) Meriden, 

Conn 10 00 

Chapin, W. C, Providence. R. I. 10 00 
Chairman, Chandler P., Madison, 

Wis 5 00 

Charlier, Elie, New York 150 00 

Char];er, Elisee, New York 25 00 

Charlton, John, Lynedoch, On- 
tario, Canada 10 00 

Chester, H. W., Port Huron, 

Mich 10 00 

Cheston, Gallway, Baltimore... 10 00 

Cheston, James, Baltimore 10 00 

Childs, Mrs. Harvey, Pittsburgh, 

Pa 10 00 

Chittenden, Mrs. Mary H., 

Brooklyn, N. Y 10 00 

Christian Union, New York 10 00 

Clapp, A. H., (Rev.) New York.. 50 00 

Clark, D., (Rev,-) Boston 10 00 

Clark, Jas. S., New York 10 00 

Clark, Geo. C , Rushville, Ind.. 10 00 
Clark, Wm. Mortimei-, Toronto, 

Can 20 00 

Clark, R. S., New York 75 00 

Clark, W. N., New York 10 00 

Clarke, J. C, St. Clair, Mich. . . 10 00 

Clarke, T. A., New York 5 00 

Clayton, John, Phila 45 00 

Clement, J. L., Neenah, Wis ... 5 00 

Cloyd, Jas. C, New York 10 00 

Coale, Katberine B,, Baltimore. 10 00 

Coats, James, Providence, R. I.. 100 00 
Cobb, Miss Annie C, Freehold, 

N.J 10 00 

Cochran, H. C, Phila 10 00 

Coffin, Charles F., Richmond, 

Ind 10 00 

Coffin, Lemuel, Phila 50 00 

Coleman, E. W., New York 10 00 

Coleman, Mrs. T. I., New York. 5 00 

Coles, Miss Mary, Phila 10 00 

Colgate, Bowles, New York 25 00 

Collection at Lake Mohonk 

House, through Dr. N. 

Bishop 9 00 

Collins, Mrs. Ellen, New York.. 10 00 

Collins, Sheldon, New York .... 25 00 

Colton, C. F. Mrs,, New York. . . 5 00 
Condit, Blackford, Terrc Haute, 

Ind 10 00 

Condit, Frederic, Providence, 

R. 1 10 00 

Condit, Isaac L., Parsippany, 

N. J 10 00 

Conger, Clarence R., New York. 10 00 

Conklin, N. W., (Rev. ) New York 20 00 
Conkling, D. B., (Rev.) Savan- 

nan, Ga 10 00 

Contoit, Chas. H., New York. . . 10 00 



Cook, Mrs. Ann Rebekah, New 

York 80 00 

Cook, Paul, Troy, N. Y 10 00 

Cooke & Co., Jay, New York 100 00 

Coolidge, A. L.", Boston 25 00 

Cope, M. C, Phila 25 00 

Corliss, Geo. H., Providence, 

R. I 100 00 

Craig, Hector, New York 50 00 

Craig, Thos., Montreal, Canada. 10 00 

Crandon Frank P., Chicago, 111. 10 00 

Crane, Mrs. Edward, New York, 10 00 
Crane, Mrs. Mary E., Dalton, 

Mass 10 00 

Crawford, A., San Francisco, 

Cal 5 00 

Cresson, Chas. C, Phila 10 00 

Cresson, Wm. P., Phila 25 00 

Crosby, Mrs. E. M., New York. . 5 00 
Cruger, S. V. R., New York. ... 10 00 
Curtis, Wm. C, (Rev.) Rich- 
mond, Maine 10 00 

Curtiss, Samuel Ives, (Rev.) Chi- 
cago, 111 10 00 

Cushing, G. W. B., New York. . 10 00 

Daggett, A. S., Phila 10 00 

Dalrymple, E. A. (Rev.) Balti- 
more, Md 10 00 

Darrow, Wm., New York 20 00 

Davenport, S. Aug., (Rev.) 

Honey Grove, Pa 10 00 

Davis, O. 'F., Omaha, Neb 5 00 

Davis, Theo. R., New York 10 00 

Dawson, Joseph H., Norfolk, Va 10 00 

Day, Frank A., Boston 10 00 

Day, Henry, New York 160 00 

Deane, John H., New York 100 00 

Decker, David, Elmira, N. Y. . .. 10 00 

Deems, J. Harry, Baltimore. ... 10 00 

DeForest, II. G., New York 150 00 

Delano, Miss E. D., Hardwick, 

Vt 10 00 

Denslow, Chas. W., Mendocino, 

Cal 10 00 

Dickinson, MissE. B., New Bed- 
ford, Mass 10 00 

Dickson, Mrs. S. H., Phila 20 00 

Dillingham, Mrs., New York. . . 5 00 

Doan,^V. H„ Cleveland, 10 00 

Dodge, Wm. E., New York 275 CO 

Dodge, Jr., Wm, E., New York. 200 00 
Douglas, Mrs. Hugh, Nashville, 

Tenn 10 00 

Dowd, Wm., New York 10 00 

Downer, Mrs. E., New York 30 00 

Drake, C. D„ Washington, D. C. 10 00 

Drake, James H., New York. ... 10 00 

Draper, W. F., Andovcr, Mass. . 10 00 

DuBois, Abram, New York 20 00 

DuBois, M. B., New York 10 00 

Dulles, John Welsh, Phila 10 00 

Dunham, Austin, Hartford, Ct. 100 00 

Dunham, G. H., New York 25 00 

Dunlop, John, Richmond, Va. . 10 00 



166 



CONTRIBUTIONS TO REVISION FUND. 



Dunn, James, Petersburg, Va. . 10 00 
Dusenberry, Charles E., Troy, 

N. Y : . o 00 

Dwiglit, John, New York 50 00 

Easter, Hamilton, Baltimore. . . 10 00 

Eaton, D. G., Brooklyn, N. Y. . 10 00 

Eaton, J. R., Liberty, Mo 10 00 

Eaton. T. T., (Eev.) Petersburg, 

Va 10 00 

Ecclcston, J. H., (Rev.) Newark, 

N. J 20 00 

Eddy Zachary, (Eev.; Detroit, 

Mich 10 00 

Edwardes, Mrs. Emily H., New 

York 10 00 

Edwards, Sam'l, (Eev.) Milford 

Pa 10 00 

Edwards, Walter, New York 240 00 

Eells, M., (Eev.) Skokomish, 

"Wash. Terr 10 00 

Eliot, Boyd, New York 10 00 

Elliot, Wm., Iroquois, Ontario. 10 00 

Elliott, John, New York 150 00 

Elwood,A. E.,Eichfield Springs, 

N. Y 10 00 

Ely, Geo. H., Cleveland, 5 00 

Ely, Mrs. Horace S., New York. 10 00 

Ely, Nathan C, New York 10 00 

Ely, Eich'd S., New York 30 00 

Ely, Z. Styles, New York 45 00 

Emerson, George B., Boston. . . 50 00 
Emerson, Mrs. M. E., Concord, 

N. H 10 00 

Emott, James, New York 10 00 

Ensign, F. E., Boise City, Idaho 

Terr 10 00 

Errett, If-aac, Cincinnati, 10 00 

Estes, Charles, Augusta, Ga 10 00 

Everson, D. S.. New York 30 00 

Fairbanks, Franklin, St. Jolins- 

burg, Vt 10 00 

Falconer, Mary S., Sharon, Wis. 10 00 

Paris, Wm. W., Clinton, HI 10 00 

Farnam, Henry, New Haven, Ct. 200 00 
Farnham, Wm. H., Milwaukee, 

Wis 10 00 

Famsworth, Ezra, Boston 50 00 

Farnum, Mrs. Elizabeth H., 

Phila 45 00 

Parr, J. M., New York CO 00 

Fay. Jos. S., Boston 25 00 

Fellows, Eichard S., New Haven, 

Ct 50 00 

Ferguson. Bryant, Phila 5 00 

Ferris, Frank A., New York 10 00 

Field, Miss Alice D., New York. 10 00 

Field, Cyrus W., New York 300 00 

Field, David Dudley, New York. 10 00 

Field, Henry M. (Eev.) " 10 00 
Field, Wm.'T., Easley Station, 

S. C 11 00 

Fisher, Eichard D., Baltimore.. 10 00 

Fisher, Wm. A., Baltimore 10 00 



Fisher, Wm. P., (Eev.) Bruns- 
wick, Me 10 00 

Fitch, Wm., New Haven, Ct. ... 200 00 
Fithian, Miss J. C, Woodburj', 

N. J 10 00 

Flint, Waldo, Boston 10 00 

Forrester, H. M., New York 5 00 

Forsvth, John, (Eev. )West Point, 

isr. Y 10 00 

Foster, Lafayette S., Norwich, 

Conn 50 GO 

Fox, Mrs. Jane Bleecker, New 

York 100 00 

Francis, Judson T., New York. . 10 00 

Francis & Loutrel, New Y'ork. . . 31 00 
Franklin, S., San Francisco, 

Cal 10 00 

Eraser, Jas., New York 10 00 

Fraser, E. E., Georgetown, S. C. 10 00 
Eraser, Thos., (Eev.) San Fran- 
cisco, Cal 5 00 

Frazier, Jr., W. W., Phila 100 00 

Freeland, Theo. H„ New York. . 10 00 
Frelinghuysen, F. T., Newark 

N.J 25 00 

French, Edward W., (Eev.) Jer- 
sey City Heights, N. J 10 00 

Frick,'W. F., Baltimore 10 00 

Fnssell, A. S., New Yor.k 10 00 

Frost, E. S., Boston 25 00 

Frothingham, Chas., NewY^'ork. 5 00 

Fruer, E. P., Toronto, Ont 10 00 

Fuller, James M., New York. . . 30 00 

Fussell, M. T., New York 10 00 

Gage, Alva, Charleston, S. C 10 00 

Gallatin, A. E., New York 10 00 

Gammell, Wm., Providence, 

E. 1 100 00 

Garrett, T. H., Baltimore 10 00 

Gasten, Eobt., Brooklyn, N. Y.. 10 00 

Gates, C. P., Chicago, 111 10 00 

Gay lord, Wm. L., (Eev.) Chico- 

pee, Mass 10 00 

Gibson, Churchill, J., (Eev.) 

Petersburg, Va 10 00 

Gibson, Mrs. P. H., Eichmond, 

Va 10 00 

Oilman, John S., Baltimore 10 00 

Oilman, Theodore, New York.. 50 00 

Oilman, Jr., W. S., New York. . 10 00 

Glenn, John, Baltimore 10 00 

Goddard, E. W., Concord, N. H '20 00 
Goddard, Thos. P. J., Provi- 
dence, E. 1 100 00 

Goucher, Jno. F., Pikesville, Md 10 00 
Gourdin, Eobt. N., Charleston, 

S. C 20 00 

Grant, Miss E. M., Phila 5 00 

Graves, Geo. L., Milwaukee, 

Wis 5 00 

Gray, Geo. C, (Rev,) Cambridge, 

Mass 10 00 

Grayton, Miss JMary E., New 

'York 10 00 



CONTRIBUTIONS TO REVISION FUND. 



167 



Green, Mrs. Ashbel, New York. 10 00 

Green, Caleb S., Trenton, N. J. 20 00 

Green, John C, New York 100 00 

Greene, E. K., Montreal, Canada, 10 00 

Greene, Jacob L., Hartford, Ct. . 10 00 

Greene, Stephen, Phila 10 00 

Gregory. H. D., (Rev.) Blairs- 

town, N. J 10 00 

Greshom, John J., Macon, Ga. . . 10 00 
Grier, John D., Chambersbnrg, 

Pa 10 00 

Griffis, Wm. E., (Eev.) Schenec- 
tady, N. Y 10 00 

Grosvenor, Wm., Providence, 

E. 1 50 00 

Grover, W. O., Boston 200 00 

Groynne, Cettie M., New York. 10 00 
Gulick, U. D., (Eev.) Brooklyn, 

N. Y 10 00 

Hagerman, J. J., Milwaiikee, 

Wis 10 00 

Hale, Edward E., (Eev.) Eox- 

bury. Mass 10 00 

Hall, Mrs. Clara B., Blue Eap- 

ids, Kansas 10 00 

Hall, Edwin 0., Honolulu, Sand- 
wich Islands 10 00 

HallockLeavittH. (Eev.) Win- 

sted, Ct 10 00 

Halsey, Sam'l P., Brooklyn, N. 

Y 10 00 

Halstead. P. S., New York 30 00 

Halsted, J. M., New York 10 00 

Halsted. Eobt., New York 15 00 

Ham, James M., Brooklyn, N.Y. 20 00 
Hamilton, Marmaduke, Savan- 
nah, Ga 10 00 

Hammersly, John W., New 

York 50 00 

Hammond, Mrs. George W., 

Boston 25 00 

Handy, T. P., Cleveland, O. . . . 50 00 

Hankinson, John H., New York 10 00 
Happer, A. P., (Eev.) Canton, 

China 10 00 

Harbison, S. P., Pittsbiirgh, Pa. 10 00 

Hardwick, B. C, Eoxbury, Mass. 10 00 

Hardy, Alpheu.s, Boston 50 00 

Harley, Mrs. M. G., Barnwell, 

S. C 10 00 

Harmon, E., (Eev.) Winchester, 

N. JI 10 00 

Harper & Bros., New York 10 00 

Harrington AVm., Columbus, 0. 10 00 

Harris, J. Campbell, Phila 50 00 

Harris, W. Hall, Baltimore 10 00 

Harris, Young L. G., Athens, 

Ga 10 00 

Harrison, Geo. S., Phila 100 00 

Harrison, John, Troy, N. Y 10 00 

Hart, W. D., (Eev.) Little Com- 

pton, R. 1 10 00 

Hartshorne, Henry, German- 
town, Phila 10 00 



Hartzell, Joseph C, (Eev.) New 

Orleans, La 10 00 

Harvey, Henry D., Baltimore.. . 10 GO 
Hastings, TIios. S., (Eev.) New 

York 20 00 

Hatch, H. E., Cleveland, O 20 00 

Havemeycr, J. C, New York. . . 90 00 
Haven, Henry P., New London, 

Ct 100 00 

Hawkes, Winfield Scott, (Eev.) 

So. Hadley Falls, Mass 10 00 

Hawley Martin, Baltimore, Md. 10 00 

Haynes, D. F., Baltimore, 10 00 

Plays, Geo. P., (Rev,) AVashing- 

ton. Pa 10 00 

Hays, Jacob, New York 25 00 

Hays, W. H., New York 15 00 

Hazard, Rowland, Providence, 

R. 1 100 00 

Hedges, Miss C. A., New York. . 20 00 

Heermance, E. L. (Rev) 100 00 

Helm, Thos., Jackson, Miss 10 00 

Hemenway, C. C, (Rev.) Au- 

burn,'N. Y 10 00 

Henderson, C. M., Chicago 10 00 

Henry, John F., Louisville, Ky. 10 00 

Henry, Maria C, New York 10 00 

Henry. Wm. Wirt, Richmond, Va 10 00 

Hewes, David, Oakland, Cal 10 00 

Higbee, E. C, Cleveland, O . . . 5 00 

Hightower,A. H., Mountville,Ga 10 00 

Hildeburn, Wm. L., Phila 5 00 

Hildreth, Edward, Colorado 

Springs, Col : 10 00 

Hilton, Wm., Boston 100 00 

Hinckley, S. T., Elgin, 111... 10 00 

Hinman, Wm. K., New York. . . 20 00 

Hitchcock, P. M., Cleveland, 0. 100 00 
Hitchcock, Roswell D., (Rev.) 

New York 20 00 

Hitchcock, Jr., Roswell D., 

Washington 10 00 

Hoe, Robt., New York , . . . 35 00 

Hoe. Jr., Mrs. Richard M., New 

York 10 00 

Hoffman, F. E., Madisonville, 0. 10 00 
Holden, Mrs. Horace, New 

York 15 00 

Holland, J. G., New York 10 00 

Hollister, Nelson, Hartford, Ct. 10 00 

Holman, A. J., Phila 100 00 

Holton, E. D., Milwaukee, Wis. 5 00 
Hooker, Henry T., Syracuse. 

N. Y 10 00 

Hooper, Alcaeus, Baltimore ... 10 00 

Hope, Geo. T., New York 10 00 

Hoppin, Jr., W. W., New York. 5 00 

Horver, J. G., Cleveland, 0. . . 5 00 
Houghton, H. 0., Cambridge, 

Mass 20 00 

Houghton.HerbertR., New York. 10 00 

How, B. W., New York 10 00 

Howe, S. G., Oswego, N. Y 10 00 

Hoyt, Oliver, New York 50 00 

Huljbard, Eli A., Springfield, 



li 



CONTRIBUTIONS TO REVISION FUND 



Mass 10 00 

Huffmaster, Jas. T., Galveston, 

Texas 10 00 

Hull, E. C. (Kev.) Ellsworth, Ct. 10 00 

Hunncwell, H. 11., Boston 20 00 

Hunter, D. M., Broadalbin, N. 

Y 30 00 

Huntington, Daniel, New York. 55 00 
Huntington, W. R. (Kev.) Wor- 
cester, Mass 20 00 

Hurd, Orlando, Watkins, N. Y.. 10 00 

Hurlburt, Henry A., New York. 45 00 
Hutchinson, B. E., Madison, 

Wis 5 00 

Hutchinson, J. B., New York. .. 20 00 

Hutchinson, Wm.,Montclair,N.J 5 00 

Hutchinson, W. J., New York. . 10 00 

Hyde, Henry B., New York. ... 10 00 

Hyde, Wm., Ware, Mass 25 00 

Ireland, Mrs. Hannah, New York 450 00 

Irvin, Eichard, New York 20 00 

Irwin, David, New York 15 00 

Isaacs, Wm. M., New York 10 00 

Ives, Mrs. C. L., Burlington, N. 

J 10 00 

Ivison, H., New York 10 00 

Jackson, F. A., Phila 10 00 

Jackson, Bi chard C, New York. 30 00 

Jackson, S. M. (Ilev.)New York. 15 00 

Jackson, W. H., New York 35 00 

Jacobs, Mrs. E. B., Phila 5 00 

JaflCray, llobert. New York 40 00 

Jaggar, Thos. A., (Bishop) Cin- 
cinnati 10 00 

James, D. Willis, New York 20 00 

James, James O., Phila 50 00 

Jamison, Chas. A., Peoria, 111.. . 10 00 

Jardine, Mrs. M. New York 10 00 

Jarman, Z. H., New York 5 00 

Jay, John, New York 30 00 

Jenckes, Miss Annie A., Stam- 
ford, Ct 5 00 

Jenks, Henry F., (Rev.) Boston 10 00 

Jeremiah, Thos. F., New York.. 5 00 
Jeremiah, Mrs. Thos. F., New 

York 5 00 

ervis, John B., Ptome, N. Y. . .. 10 00 
essamine County Bible Society, 

Ky 10 00 

Jesup, Morris K., New York 225 00 

Jewell, Chas. A., Hartford, Ct. . 10 00 

Johnson Charlotte A., Boston. 10 00 
Johnson, E. II., Providence, R. 

1 10 00 

Johnson, Jas. R., Coshocton, O. 10 00 

Johnson, N. B., Louisville, Ky 10 00 

Johnson, Reverdy, Baltimore.. 10 00 

Johnson, Saml., Boston 50 00 

Johnson, T. H., Northumber- 
land, Pa 10 00 

Johnston, John, Milwaukee, 

Wis 5 00 

Johnston, Jolin Taylor New 



York 250 00 

Jones, Jacob P., Phila 250 00 

Jones, Lewis, New York 10 00 

Jones, Mrs. Lewis, New York. .. 5 00 
Jones, Jr., P. C., Honolulu, 

Sandwich Islands 10 00 

Jones, Tignal W., Tyler, Texas. 10 GO 
Journeaj^ Mrs. James, New 

York 10 00 

Judson, Mrs. D, P., Stratford, 

Conn 10 00 

Junkin, Geo., Phila 10 00 

Keller, P. A., Phila 10 00 

Keller, W. L., Baltimore 10 00 

Kellogg, Alfred H, (Rev.) Phila. 10 00 

Kellogg, Chas. P., Chicago 10 00 

Kendall, John F., (Rev.) La 

Porte, Ind 10 00 

Kennedv, Mrs. Emma B., New 

York 10 00 

Kenned}', Francis W., Phila. ... 10 00 

Kennedy, Geo. H., New York.. 10 00 

Kennedy, John S., New York. .. 10 00 

Kent, Elmore A., New York 30 00 

Kerr, Mrs. H. A., New York ... 50 00 
Ketcham, Tredwell, New Haven, 

Ct 25 GO 

Ketchum, Edgar, New York.... 20 00 

Keyes, Geo. W, Olivet, Mich.. 10 00 

Kidder, H. P., Boston 100 00 

Kilborne, A. W., Orange, N. J.. 10 00 
Kilborne, Chas. T., Lockport, 

NY 10 00 

Kimball, E. IL, New York 10 00 

Kimber, John Shober, Phila ... 10 00 

King, Francis T., Baltimore 10 00 

King, Wm. J., Providence, R. L 20 00 
Kingsbury, Oliver A., (Rev.) 

New York 10 00 

Kingsland, A. C, New York 40 00 

Kip, Wm. W., New York 20 00 

Kip, Leonard W., (Rev.) Amoy, 

China 10 00 

Kittredge, J. E. (Rev.) Geneseo, 

NY 10 00 

Kline, Lewis E., St. Louis, Mo. 10 00 
Knapp, Sanford K., Peekskill, 

NY 10 on 

Knevals, C. B., New York 10 00 

Lahon, Chas. IL, San Francisco, 10 00 

Lambert, John, Phila 100 00 

Landram, W. J., Lancaster, Ky. 10 00 
Landrum, Sylvanus, (Rev.) Sa- 
vannah, Ga 10 00 

Lane, Geo. W., New York 10 00 

Lane, S. M., Southbridge, Mass. 10 00 
Langdon, Woodbury G., New 

York 25 00 

Langwoi-thy, I. P., (Rev.) Bos- 
ton 10 00 

Lankton, Thos., Hartford, Ct. .. 10 00 
Lansing, Charles B., Albany, 

N. Y 100 00 



CONTRIBUTIONS TO REVISION FUND. 



169 



Lansing, Gtistav G., New York. 10 00 
Lawrence, Amos A., Brookline, 

Mass 200 00 

Lawrence, Kiclid., New York. . . 5 00 
Lawrence, Wm. K., Brookline, 

Mass 150 00 

Lawton, Mrs. A. E,., Savannah, 

Ga 10 00 

Learned, L. C, New Loudon, Ct 10 00 

Lee, Alfred, St. Louis, Mo 10 00 

Lee, Henry F., (Rev.) Holmes- 

bi-irg, Phila 10 00 

Lee, Henry S., Springfield, Mass 10 00 

Lee, Wm. F., New York 10 00 

Leeds, George, (Rev. ) Baltimore 10 00 

Leiter, Levi Z., Chicago 200 00 

Lenox, James, New York (J25 OJ 

Letchworth, J., Auburn, N. Y. . 40 00 

Lewis, Charlton T., New York. . 10 00 

Lewis, Henry F., Chicago, 111. . 10 00 

Lewis, Frank S., Phila 10 00 

Lewis, John T.. Phila 300 00 

Lewis, Saml. G., Phila 10 00 

Libbey, Wm., New York 100 00 

Libbey, Mrs. Wm. New York. .. 600 00 
Libby, Mrs. M. L., Brooklyn, 

N. Y 10 00 

Lindsay, Robt. M., Phila 20 00 

Linsly, Jared, New York 15 00 

Litchfield, Edwin C, Bingham- 

ton,N.Y 100 00 

Littell, H. B., Montclair, N. J . 5 00 
Little, Mrs. S. C, Janesville, 

Wis 10 00 

Livingston, Miss Frances, New 

York 10 00 

Lockwood, A. D., Providence, 

R. 1 60 00 

Lockwood, Radcliffe B., Bing- 

hamton, N. Y 10 00 

Long, W. E., (Rev.) Wheeling, 

W. Va 10 00 

Longstreth, Henry, Phila 20 00 

Longstreth, Thos. K., Phila. ... 10 00 

Lord, Geo. D., New York 10 00 

Lord, Danl. D., New York 25 00 

Lord, Thos., Evanston, 111 20 00 

Love, John B., Phila 10 00 

Low, A. A., Brooklyn, N. Y 25 00 

Lowes, J. A. S., (Rev.) New 

Richmond, Ohio 10 00 

Lowrey, Mrs. R. S., New York.. 20 00 

Lowry, Mrs. A. L., Phila 5 00 

Ludington, C. H., New York. .. 10 00 
Ludington, Mrs. C. H., New 

York 10 00 

Lyman, C. C, Hartford Ct 85 00 

Lyon, M. W., New York 20 00 

Lyon, Wm. M., Pittsburgh, Pa. 10 00 

Mackellar, Thos., Germantown, 

Pa 45 00 

MacMartin, Archibald, New York 10 00 

Magee, Thos., San Francisco 10 00 

Man, A. P., New York 10 00 



Manierre, B. F., New York 5 00 

Manly, R. F., Mobile, Ala 10 00 

Markell, Chas., Baltimore 10 00 

Marquand, Allan, Baltimore 10 00 

Marquand, Fredk., New York. . 225 00 

Martenet, Simon J., Baltimore. 10 Od 

Martin, Wm. C, New York 10 00 

Marvin, Fred'k R., (Rev.) Mid- 

dletown, N. Y 10 00 

Marvin, S. S., Pittsburgh, Pa. . . 10 00 
Marvin, Tasker H., Brooklyn, 

N. Y 10 00 

Mather, Roland, Hartford, Ct.. 100 00 

Mathews, Albert, New York. . . 10 00 

Ma3% Abby W., Boston 10 00 

May, Joseph, (Rev.) Phila 10 00 

Maynard, Rob't B., Ainsworth, 

W. T 10 00 

McAllister, John A., Phila. ... 5 00 

McAlpine, D. H., New York. . . 20 00 
McBirney, Hugh, Cincinnati, 

75 00 

McClellan, Mrs. C, Hartford, 

Conn 10 00 

McClure, Mrs. Wm. H., Albany, 

N. Y 20 00 

McCoy, A. Ramsay, New York.. 10 00 

McCreery, Mrs, Jas., New York. 10 00 

McDowell, W. S., Baltimore 10 00 

McElrath, Thos., New York 5 00 

McGiIl, John, Petersburg, Ya. . . 10 00 
McGowan. A. B., Ft. Apache, 

Arizona 10 

Mclver, Geo. W., Charleston, S.C. 10 00 
McKim, Jr., Haslett,(Rev.) New- 
burgh, N. Y 20 00 

McLanahan, Mrs. J. X., New 

York 25 00 

McMillan, John, (Rev.) Phila. . . 10 00 

McMurtrie, A. C, Phila 25 00 

McNair, Hugh T., Dansville, 

N. Y 10 00 

McNeill, Geo. R., Wood Leaf, 

N. C 20 00 

McNutt, W. F., San Francisco. . 10 CO 

McPherson, JohnB., Harrisburg 10 00 

McWilliams, John, New York. . 10 00 

Mead, Fredk., New York 5 00 

Mead, Joseph S., Brooklyn, E. 

D., N. Y 5 00 

Meekins, E., Springfield, Mass. 10 00 

Meredith, Miss C. K., New York 10 00 

Meredith, R. R., So. Boston 10 00 

Merriam, Chas., Springfield, 

Mass 10 00 

Merriam, Otis W., San Fran- 
cisco 20 00 

Merrick, Thos. Belsham, New 

York 10 00 

Merrill, Mrs. Payton, New York 5 00 
Merrill, Willard, Milwaukee, 

Wis 5 00 

Merrill, W. F., New York 10 GO 

Merriman, Danl., (Rev.) AVor- 

cester, Mass 10 GO 



170 



CONTRIBUTIONS TO REVISION FUND. 



Middlebrook, E. R., New York. 10 00 
Middlcbrook, S. M., Bridgeport, 

Conn 10 CO 

Miller, Edgar G., Baltimore 10 00 

Miller, E. Rothesay, (Rev.) Yok- 

ohcama, Japan 25 "00 

Miller, John W., New York 2 00 

Mills, James M., Now York 30 00 

Milne, Alex., New York 30 00 

Minis, Mrs. S. A., ]]altimore. ... 10 00 
Minor, John B., Charlottsville, 

Va 10 00 

Mitchell, Alex., Milwaukee, 

Wis 5 00 

Mitchell, C. B. & J. F., New 

York 50 00 

Mitchell, C. G., Dobb's Ferry, 

N. Y 30 00 

Mitchell, John J., Newburgh, 

N. Y 10 00 

Mitchell, Yv". B., Jivspcr, Tenn. . 10 00 

Mix,Eldridge.(Rev.)Orange.N.J 10 00 

Moak, Nathan C, Albany, N. Y. 20 00 

Moffett, Jas. G., New York 15 00 

Moncll, G. C, Omaha, Neb 10 00 

Monroe, Ebenezei-, New York. . 10 00 

Monroe, Elbert B.,Sonthport,Ct 10 (JO 

Moore, Dennis, Hamilton, Ont. 10 00 

Moore, W. H. H., New York. . . . 200 00 

Morgan, E. P., Cleveland, 0. . . 5 00 

Morgan, J. Pierpont, New York. 100 00 

Morriil, Chas. J., Boston 50 00 

Morris, Israel, Phila 200 00 

Morris, Theo. W., New York. . . 10 00 

Morris, Thos. J., Baltimore 10 00 

Morris, Wistar, Overbrook, Pa.. 200 00 

Morrison, E. A., New York. ... 5 00 

Morsc.Richd.C, (Rev. )New York 10 00 
Mulford, Mrs. Robt. L., New 

York 5 00 

Mumford, Miss, New York 10 00 

Munger, H. R., New York. 10 00 

Munii, Mrs. O. D., New York. . . 30 00 
Munsell, E. B., Cape May, N. J. 10 00 
Murkland, W U., (Rev.) Balti- 
more 10 00 

Murray, Mrs. Lydia S., Carlisle, 

Pa 10 00 

Nash, Benett H., Boston 10 00 

Neff, Peter, Gambler, 10 GO 

Neglev, W. B., Pittsburgh, Pa. 10 00 

Nell, Henry D., Phila 10 00 

Nelson, H. A., (Rev.) Geneva, 

N. Y 10 00 

Newberry, John T., Augusta, Ga. 10 00 
Newmyer, John C, Pittsburgh, 

Pa 10 00 

Nichols, G., New York 4 00 

Nichols, Gideon P., Milwaukee, 

Wis 5 00 

iTorcross, Otis, Boston 50 00 

Norrie, Adam, New York 30 00 

Northrup, Mrs. J. E., Centre 

Brook, Conn 10 00 



Noye, Richd. K, Buffalo, N. Y. 10 00 

Oaklev, Henry A., New York. .. 10 00 

O'Brien, L. M., Fort Scott, D.T. 10 00 

Odell, Mrs., Brooklyn, N. Y. . . . 10 00 

Ogden, Isaac C, New York 10 00 

Olmsted, Theodore F., Geneseo, 

N. Y ]0 GO 

Orrock, J. M., (Rev.) Boston. . . 10 00 
Orton, Mrs. Jas. S., Geneseo, 

NY 10 00 

Osborne, Geo., Peabody, Mass.. 10 00 
Osborne, John H., Auburn, 

N. Y 10 00 

Ould Robt., Richmond, Va 10 00 

Owen, T. L., Pittsburgh, Pa. ... 10 J 

Packard, A. A., Springfield, Mass 10 00 
Paddock, Benj. H. (Bishop), Bos- 
ton 10 00 

Palmer, Wm. B., Olivet, Mich. . 10 00 
Park, R. H.. (Rev.) Reynolds- 
burgh, 10 00 

Parker, Horatio G., Boston 10 00 

Parker, Mrs. J. H., Charleston, 

S. C 10 CO 

Parker, Ransom, New York. ... 20 00 

Parker, Willard, New York tO CO 

Parlett, B F., Baltimore 10 00 

Parsons, John E., New York. . . 125 00 

Partridge, Edwm F., Phila 10 00 

Paton, John, New York 10 00 

Patton, JohnM., Bentivoglio, Va 10 00 
Patton, W. W., (Rev.) Washing- 
ton, D. C 10 00 

Peabodv, Geo. F., Brooklyn, N.Y 10 00 

Pearse & Co., A. F., New York. 50 00 

Pehon, J. M., New York 5 00 

Perkins, Jr., E. H,, Baltimore. . 10 00 
Perkins, Mrs. Oilman II., Roch- 
ester, New York 10 00 

Perkins, Jos., Cleveland, O 30 00 

Perry, I. A., New York 10 CO 

Pert, L. B., New York 10 00 

Phelps, Mrs. A. G., New York. . 20 CO 
Phelps, S. Drvden, (Rev.) Hart- 
ford, Conn 10 00 

Phelps, AV. S., Dayton, 10 00 

Philips, Saml., New York 10 GO 

Phinizy, Chas. H., Augusta, Ga. 10 00 

Picrson, J. P., Trov, N. Y 10 00 

Pinkerton, J. M., Boston 30 00 

Piper, W. T., Cambridge, Mass 10 GO 

Plumer, Avery Boston 25 CM) 

Plummer, John F., New York. . 25 00 

Porter, John K., New York.. . . 45 GO 

Porter, S. S., Rochester, N. Y. . 25 00 

Post, Alfred C, New York 15 00 

Post, Uvfi. L. H., New York. ... 2 00 

Post, Mrs. Wm., New York 10 00 

Post, Wriglit E., New York 10 00 

Potter, Howard, New York 120 00 

Potter, Mrs. Wm. li., Kingston, 

R.I 10 00 

Potwin, W. S., Chicago 10 GO 



CONTRIBUTIONS TO REVISION FUND. 



171 



Powers, Thos. H., Phila 300 00 

Powers, W. P., New York 10 00 

Pratt, Enoch, Baltimore 10 00 

Pratt, S. B., Boston, 10 00 

Prentice, Sartell, Chicago, 111. . . 15 00 

Prentice, W. P., New York 25 00 

Preston, W. I., New York 20 00 

Price, Anderson, New York. ... 10 00 

Prime, Kalph E., Yonkers, N. Y. 10 00 

Prime, Rnfus, New York 10 CO 

Pugh, Miss Esther, New York. . 10 00 
Pumi^hrej'. Stanley, Worcester, 

England 10 00 

Purcell', E. B., Manhattan, 

Kansas 25 00 

Purves, Wm., Phila 10 00 

Pyne, Percy R., New York 100 00 

Quincy, John W., New York. . . 10 00 

Ramsey, Francis, Green Tree, 

Pa 10 00 

Ramsey, Samuel, Reedsbnrg, 

Wis 10 00 

Randolph & Co., A. D. F., New 

York 10 00 

Rankin, Ilcnry W., Madison, 

N. J GO 00 

Raven, A. A., New York 20 00 

Raynolds, C. T., New York 10 00 

Read, Cha3. H., (Rev.) Rich. 

mond, Va 10 00 

Redfield. John H., Phila 10 00 

Reding, C. L., Norwalk, 10 00 

Redner, Lewis H., Phila 25 00 

Renwick, Henry B., New York. 10 00 

Renwick, Jas. A " 10 00 
Reynolds, N. L., Mt. Pleasant, 

Pa 10 00 

Rhoads, James E., Phila 10 00 

Rice, E. W., (Rev.) Phila 25 00 

Rice, Joseph A., Bethlehem, Pa 10 00 
Richardson, Mrs. C, E. Stam- 
ford, Conn 5 00 

Richardson, E. T., Brooklyn, 

N. Y 10 00 

Richardson, George C, Boston. 100 00 

Richarlson, H. W., Phila 10 00 

Richmond, Frank E., Provi- 
dence, R. 1 50 00 

Riplej', Jos. B., Savannah, Ga. . 10 00 
Roberts, James B., San Fran- 
cisco 20 00 

Roberts, Marshall 0., New York 145 00 

Rochester, R. H., New York. . . 5 00 

Rockwood, Chas. G.,Newark,N.J 10 00 
Rogers, Miss H. B., Northamp. 

ton. Mass 10 00 

Rogers, J. August, New York. .. 20 00 

Rollins, E. A.„ Philadelphia, Pa 10 00 
Roosa, D. B, St. John, New 

York 15 00 

Roosevelt, Alfred, New York. . . 10 00 

Roosevelt, Jas. A., New York. .. 10 00 

Roosevelt, Mar}% New York 10 00 



Roosevelt, W. Emlen, New York 10 00 

Ropes, John C, Bo.'ton 30 00 

Ropes, J. S., Boston 25 00 

Ross, A. Hastings, (Rev.) Port 

Huron. Mich 10 00 

Rowell, G. P., New York 10 00 

Rumsey, C. E., Pittsburgh, Pa. 10 00 

Sabine, G. A., New York 20 00 

Sage, G. A., New York 15 00 

Salesbui'v, John, (Rev.) Cox- 

sackie, N. Y 10 00 

Salisbury, E., New Haven, Ct. . 85 00 

Sammis,'Danl. P., New York. .. 15 00 

Sampson, A. &E. C, New York. 50 00 

Sampson, Edw. C, New York. . 10 00 

Sandford, T. H., Montclair, N. J .'■> 00 

Santee, Chas., Phila 75 00 

Sawver, Mrs. S. A., Allegheny 

City, Pa 5 00 

Sawver, W. J., Allegheny City, 

Pa ".....'.. 5 00 

Scarborough, W. W., Cincinnati, 

200 00 

Scattergood, Thos., Phila 10 00 

Schieffelin, H. M., New York .. 15 00 

Schiefifelin, Jas. L., New York. . 30 00 

Schieffelin, S. B., New York. ... 55 CO 

Schoals, F. P., New York 20 00 

Schuyler, Leila, New York 10 CO 

Schwab, Gustav, New Y'ork 10 00 

Scott, Jas. B., Pittsburgh, Pa. . . 10 00 
Scott, W. A., (Rev.) San Fran- 
cisco, Cal 10 00 

Scull, Mrs. A. P., Phoenixville, 

Pa 5 00 

Seeley. R. H , Haverhill, Mass. . 10 00 

Selchow, E. G., New York 10 00 

Selleck, A. D., New York 10 00 

Sellew, T. G-., New York 10 00 

Seward, Augustus, (Rev.) Red 

Bank, N.J 10 CO 

Shallus, Frank H., Baltimore, 

Md 10 00 

Sharpe, Ebenezer, Indianapolis, 

Ind 10 00 

Shaw, J. P., Lexington, Ky. ... 10 00 

Shea. C. B., Pittsburgh, Pa 10 00 

Sheafe, J. F., New York 100 00 

Sheare, Mrs. M. M., New York. 10 00 

Shearman, Thos. G., Newl^ork. 25 00 

Sheldon, Jas. 0., New York ... 20 00 

Shepard, Elliott, F., New York. 100 00 
Shepard, Sidney, New Haven, 

N. Y '. 10 00 

Sherrard, Thos. J., Brookville, 

Pa 10 00 

Sherrill, Mrs. Samuel, West 

Bloomfield, N. Y 10 00 

Shiells, Robt.. Neenah, Wis.. . 5 00 

Shilito, John, Cincinnati, O TO (lO 

Shinn, Jas. T, Phila 10 00 

Simmons, Chas. E., Chicago,Ill. 10 00 
Simonton, John W., Harrisburc, 

Pa ;. 10 00 



]72 



CONTRIBUTIONS TO REVISION FUND. 



Sinclair, John, Now York 75 00 

Sinclair, T. M., Cedar Eapids, 

Iowa 5 00 

SIridmore, Wm. L., New York. . 40 00 

Slade, Fredk. J., Trenton, N. J. 10 00 

Slade, Mrs. L., New York 20 00 

Slover, W. G. F., New York 10 00 

Sloane, W. & J., New York.. 113 00 
Smith, Benj. H., Luna Land- 
ing, Arkansas 1 GO 

Smith, B. Pressley, Charleston, 

S. C 10 00 

Smith, D. Townsend, Greenville, 

S. C 10 00 

Smith, CorneliusB., (Ilev.)Ne\v 

York 10 00 

Smith, Draper, Plymouth, Pa.. . 10 00 

Smith, E. B., Kidgefield, III. . .. 10 00 
Smith, E. G., (Kev.) Morrison, 

111 10 00 

Smith, Garni. G., New York. .. . 15 00 

Smith, Isaac E., New York 10 00 

Smith, Miss Mary L., Evanston, 

ni 5 00 

Smith, E. F., Cleveland, 10 00 

Smith, Saml. G., (Rev) St. Paul, 

Minn 20 00 

Smith, Sylvester, New Haven.Ct 10 00 

Smith, S. M., Dunkirk, N. Y. . . 10 00 

Smith, Thos. P., Charleston. S.C. 10 00 

Smith, Wm. Alex., New York. . 70 00 

Smith, Wm. E., Madison, Wis. 5 00 
Smith, W. H. H., Washington, 

D. C 10 00 

Sneed, Mary C. Kirkwood, Mo. 10 00 
Southmayd, Mrs. C. G., New 

Orleans, La 10 00 

Sparks, Mrs. Jared, Cambridge, 

Mass 100 00 

Speare, Alden, Bo.ston 25 00 

Spence, Wm. W., Baltimore 20 00 

Spencer, Mrs. C. L., New York.. 200 00 
Spencei-, Miss F. L., Erie, Fa. . . 10 00 
Sprunt, James, Wilmington,N.C. 30 00 
Stanger, I. Newton, (Rev.) Cin- 
cinnati, 10 00 

Staples, M. W., (Rev.) Rich- 
mond, Va 10 00 

Starr, Egbert, New York 15 00 

Starr, Mrs. S. M., New York. ... 20 00 
Stearns, J. G. D., (Rev.) Zum- 

brota, Minn 10 00 

Stearns, Jno., N., New York 70 00 

Stebbins, S. N., New York 10 00 

Steele, Robt. E., Rockingham, 

N. C 10 00 

Steere, Henry J., Providence, 

R. 1 100 00 

Sterett, Saml. H., New York 5 00 

Sterling, J. C, Watertown. N. Y. 5 00 

Sterling, John W., New York. . . 10 00 

Stcrry, Geo. E., New York 20 00 

Stettinius, John L., Cincinnati, 

O 50 00 

Stevens, F. W., New York 100 00 



Stevens, Thos., Louisville, Ky. . 30 00 
Stewart, Bryce, Clarksviile, 

Tenn 20 GO 

Stewart, John A., New York. ... 10 00 

Stickney, J. Hcnrv, Baltimore. . 5 00 

Stillc, C. J. , Phila" 5 00 

Stokes, Anson Phelps, New 

York 200 00 

Stokes.Miss C. Phelps, New York 10 GO 

Stokes, Miss O. P., New York. . 10 00 

Stone, A., Cleveland, Ohio 50 00 

Stone, Leander, New York 10 GO 

Stone, Levi P., Orange, N. J. . . 10 00 
Stone, Miss Mary K. A., Somer- 

ville. Mass 10 00 

Storrs, R. A., New York 10 GO 

Stout, A. v.. New York 100 GO 

Stowell, C. L., Rochester, N. Y. 10 00 
Strong, Chas. R., (Rev.) New 

York 10 00 

Strong, Miss M., New York 5 00 

Strong, Selah B., Setauket, N. Y. 10 00 

Stroud, G. M., Phila 100 GO 

Stuart, George H., Phila 25 00 

Stuart, R. I). & A., New York. . 200 00 

Stuart, Robt. L., New York 25 00 

Sturges, Miss Susan, Mansfield, 

Ohio 10 GO 

Stuyvesant, Rutherford, New 

York 50 00 

Sullivan, A. S., New York 20 00 

Summerbell, Martyn, (Rev.) Fall 

River, ilass 10 00 

Sumner, Sarah F., Albany N. Y. 10 00 

Swan, L. M., Brooklyn, N. Y. . . 10 00 
Swinnev, Jas. O., Keytesville, 

Mo": 10 00 

Taber, Wm. C, New Bedford, 

Mass 10 00 

Taft, Jas. H., New York 25 00 

Taggart, R. B., Mt. Pleasant, 

Pa 4 GO 

Talman, W. G., Brooklyn, N. Y. 5 GO 

Tappan, E. T., Gambler, 10 GO 

Tarbox, Myron H.,Lockport,N.Y 10 00 

Tatham, Bcnj., New York 40 GO 

Tatum, Edward, New York 10 00 

Taylor, Alfred, New York 10 00 

Taylor, Charles, New York 5 00 

Taylor, Charles S., Burlington, 

N. J 40 00 

Taylor, W, M., (Rev.) New York. 10 00 

Teague, A. S., Troup, Texas. 10 00 

Tcrbcll, H. S., New York 20 00 

Terry, (Rev.)M. S., New York. . 10 00 

Terry, Stephen, Hartford, Conn 10 00 

Thaw, Wm,, Pittsburgh, Pa. ... 250 00 

Thomas, Jas. Carey, Baltimore.. 10 00 
Thompson, Mrs. David, New 

York 75 GO 

Thompson, John B.,. (Rev.) Cats- 
kill, N. Y 10 GO 

Thompson, Morris S., New York 15 00 
Thomson, H. C, (Rev.) Mon- 



CONTRIBUTIONS TO REVISION FUND. 



173 



terey, Mexico 10 00 

Thompson, S. H., (Rev.) Healds- 

burg, Cal 10 00 

Thorndike, Anna B., Chicago, 111 10 00 

Thorne, Jonathan, New York. . . 10 00 
Thwing, Annie H., Jamaica 

Plain, Mass 10 00 

Tiffany, C. C, (Rev.) New York 10 00 
Tilton, Benj. R., Cambridgeport, 

Mass 10 00 

Tison, Alex., Olivet, Mich 10 00 

Tod, Miss Julia B., New York. . 10 00 

Tompkins, H. B., New York 10 00 

Tompkins, John A., Baltimore. 10 00 

Torrance, I. H., (Rev.) Phila. . . 10 00 
Torrey, A. A., (Rev.) Garretts- 

ville, Ohio 10 00 

Torrey, Chas. W., Richwood, O. 10 00 
Townsend, Miss Ellen, Newport, 

port, R. 1 20 00 

Townsend, F. W., New Berlin, 

New York 5 00 

Townsend, John B., New York. 10 00 

Tracy, Chas., New York. 20 00 

Tracy, J. Evarts, New York. ... 10 oo 

Trask, Alanson, Brooklyn, N. Y. 20 00 
Tredwell, Caroline C, Danbury, 

Ct 10 00 

Trevor, John B., Nlw York. ... 200 00 

Trowbridge, F. E., Nev>^ York. . 5 00 

Turner, Wm. W., Hartford, Ct. 10 00 

Tattle, Esther B., Baltimore. . . 10 00 

Tyler, A. W., Indianoplis, Ind.. 10 00 

Tyson, James W., Baltimore. ... 10 00 

Tyson, Jesse, Baltimore 10 00 

Tyson, M. D., Baltimore 10 00 

Vail, C. E., Blairstown. N J. .. . 10 00 

Van Arsdale, Henry, New York. 10 00 

Vandorbilt, Cornelius, New York 200 00 
Van Deurs, Geo., (Rev.) New 

York... 10 00 

VanRensselaer, Alex., New York 25 00 

Van Vorst, Hooper C, New York 10 00 
Van Wagenen, Bleecker, New 

York 10 00 

Van Winkle, J. S., San Fran- 
cisco 5 00 

Vaux, George, Phila 15 00 

Venable.Chas. S., Charlottesville, 

Va 10 00 

Vincent, J. H., (Rev.) Plainfield, 

N. J 10 00 

Vinton, Alex. H., (Rev.) Pom- 
fret, Conn 10 00 

Vose, James E., Ashburnham, 

Mass 10 00 

"Waith, Wm., (Rev.) Lancaster, 

N. Y 10 00 

Walker, Eugene A., Victor, Iowa 10 00 

Walker, Geo. E., Saybrook, O. . 10 00 
Walker, Geo. Leonard, (Rev.) 

Hartford, Conn '. . . . 10 00 

Walker, Mrs. L. H., Leaksville, 



N. C 10 00 

Wallace, J. Duff, New York .... 10 00 

Wallace, James P., New York. . . 10 00 
Waller, Mrs. Julia, Bloomsburg, 

Pa 10 00 

Wandell, B. C, New York 10 00 

Ward, Miss Ellen M., Boston. .. 5 00 

Ward, L. B., New York 10 00 

Warren, S. D., Boston 100 00 

Warren, Mrs. S. D., Boston 150 00 

Washington City Bible Society, 

Washington, D. C 10 00 

Waters, Horace, New York 10 00 

Watkins, Dr., Montclair, N. J. . 5 00 

Watson, Chas. L., San Francisco 5 00 
Webster, Chas. A., Galesburg, 

111 10 00 

Weeden, Wm. B.. Providence, 

R 1 100 00 

Weiss, John H., Harrisburgh,Pa. 10 00 
Wells, Chas. J., Stapleton, S. I., 

NY 20 00 

West, Mrs. Jno. Kingsbury, 

Pittsfield, Mass 10 00 

Wharton, R. G., Port Gibson, 

Miss 10 00 

Wheeler, E. P., New York 10 00 

Wheeler, H. M., Worcester, 

Mass 10 00 

Wheelock. Wm. A., New York.. 30 00 

Y\'heless, John F.,Nashville,Tenn 20 00 

Whitall, Jas., Phila 25 00 

White, Chas. T., New York 15 00 

White, Francis, Baltimore 10 00 

White, Joseph, Williamstown, 

Mass 10 00 

White, Norman, New York 60 00 

White, Rebecca, Fernwood, Pa. 10 00 
Whitins, Paul, Whitinsville, 

Mass 10 00 

Whitney, Edwd, Worcester, Mass 10 00 

Whitney, Mrs. James, Phila 5 00 

Whitney, J. R., Phila 5 00 

Whitney, W. B., Germantown 

Pa 10 00 

Whitridge, W. H., Baltimore . 10 00 

Whittemore, W. T., New York . 10 00 

AVhyland, W. J. P., New York . 5 00 

Wickham, D. H., New York. ... 10 00 

Wickham, W. H., New York. . . 15 00 

Wilder, E. C, New York 5 00 

Wilkinson, J. G., Newburgh,N.Y 10 00 
Willets, Mrs. J. T., New York. . 5 00 
Willets, Robt. R., New York. . . 5 00 
Williams, Frank B., Youngs- 
town, Ohio 10 00 

Williams, Mrs. J. L., Richmond, 

Va 10 00 

Williams, Phihp C, Baltimore. 10 00 
V/illiams, Rob't A., Coal Valley, 

WVa 10 00 

Williams, Thos, C, Richmond, 

Va 10 00 

Wilson, Jas. P., (Rev.) Newark, 

N.J 10 00 



174 



CONTRIBUTIONS TO REVISION FUND. 



Wilson, W. E.. Baltimore 10 0^ 

Wilson, Wm. White, (Eev.) Kit- 

taning, P.i 20 00 

Wmn, John, (Rev.) Madison, Wis 10 00 
Winslow, J. F., Poiighkeepsie, 

N. Y 50 00 

Winslow, Mrs. M. H., Aurora, 

111 20 00 

Winsor, Mrs. A. A. Cotes, 

SpringfleUl, N. Y 10 00 

Winston, F. S., New York 30 GO 

Winthrop. Mrs. H. E., New 

York 20 00 

Winthrop, 11. C, Boston 50 00 

Wither.-; poon, T. D., (Eev.) Pe- 
tersburg, Va 10 00 

Wolcott, Fred'k H., Astoria, N.Y. 10 00 

Wolfe, Miss C. L., New York. . . 700 00 

Wood, Mrs. J. E., Philadelphia. 150 00 

Wood, Walter, Phila 25 00 

Wood & Co., E. D., Phila 100 CO 

Wood, Wm. II. S., New York. . . 20 00 

Woodbridge, C. L., New York. . 10 00 

Woodruff, Chas. H., New York. 10 00 

Woodward, Sanil. A., New York, 10 00 

Woolsey, Miss Jane Stuart 10 00 

Woolsey, T. D., (Eev.) New 

Haven, Ct 75 00 

Wright, J. T., Janesville, Wis. . 5 00 

Wright, M. C, Monticello, N. Y 10 00 

Ycaman, Mrs., New York 7 00 

Young, Lewis Gourdin, Charles- 
ton, S. C 10 00 

Zabriskie, Eev. Mr., Montclair. 

N. J 5 00 

CHUECH COLLECTIONS. 

Central Congregational Church, 

New Haven, Ct 40 00 

Fourth Presbyterian Church, 
Albany, N. Y., by Eev. Dr. 
Darling 50 00 

Central Presbyterian Church, 
(Eev. Dr. Shaw's) Eoches- 
ter, N. Y 15 00 

North Presbyterian Church (Eev. 

Dr. Calkins,) Buffalo, N. Y. 20 55 

Presbyterian Church of the Cov- 
enant, (Eev. Dr. Vincent's) 
New York, (exclusive of 
other contributions from in- 
dividual members, acknowl- 
edged above) 75 90 

Fourth Avenue Presbyterian 
Church, (Eev. Dr. Crosby's) 
New York, (exclusive of 
other contributions from in- 
divided members, acknowl- 
edged above) 10 00 



Calvary Baptist Church, (Eev. 
Dr. IMcArthiir's) New York, 
(exclusive of other contribu- 
tions from individual mem- 
bers, acknov.'ledgcd above). 150 00 

Asylum Hill Congregational 

Cliurch, Hartford, Ct 10 00 

Madison Square Presbyterian 
Church, (Eev. Dr. Tucker's) 
New Yoric, (exch;sive of 
other contributions from in- 
dividual members, acknowl- 
edged above) 87 52 

Westminster Presbyterian Ch., 
(Eev. Dr. Eobert's) Eliza- 
beth, N. J 25 00 

Union Sixth Ave. Eef. Dutch 

Church, New York 10 00 

First Presbyterian Church, (Eev. 

Dr. Eel's, ) Oakland, Cal. ... 58 55 

First Congregational Church, 
(Eev. Dr. Stone's) San 
Francisco, Cal. (collections 
at Union Service 58 75 

Presbyterian Church, (Eev. Dr. 
Noyes') Evanstown, 111., 
(collection at Union Meet- 
ing) 23 19 

Second Presbyterian Chuich, 
Kansas City, Mo. (collection 
at Union Meeting) 9 13 

First Presbyterian Church, (Rev. 
Mr. Kerr's\ Denver, (]ol., 
(collection at Union Meet- 
ing) ., 21 96 

Second Presbyterian Church, 
(Eev. Dr. Gibbon's) Chica- 
go, 111., (collection at Union 
Service) 45 00 

First Presbyterian Church, 
(Eev. Dr. Mix's), Orange, 
N.J 40 00 

Fourth Presbyterian Church 
(Eev. Dr. French's), Chica- 
go 25 00 

Westminster Presbyterian Ch., 
(Rev. Dr. Ludlow's) Brook- 
lyn, N. Y 45 00 

Fourteenth Street Presbyterian 
Church, (Eev. Dr. Marl- 
ing's). New York 22 35 

Church of the Holy Trinity 
(Rev. Dr. McVickar's, Phil- 
adelphia, (exclusive of oth- 
er contributions from indi- 
vidual members acknowl- 
edged above) 132 93 

First Presbyterian Church, Penn 

Yan, N. Y 1 00 



APPENDIX 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



Subscriptions from March ist, i88i, to May iith, 1883. 



Abbott, Kobert S., Kalkaska, 

Mich $10 00 

A Friend (tli rough Dr. Green) 200 00 

A Friend 20 00 

Albertson, J.M.,Norristown,Pa 10 00 

Alexander, J. F., New York. . 10 00 

Alexander, Jas. W., New York 20 00 
Allen, Arthur H., (Rev.) Islip, 

L. I., N. Y 20 00 

Allen, R. D. H., Terry ville,Ct. 20 00 
Allen, Richard H., Chatham, 

N. J 30 00 

Anshutz, John P., Philadelphia, 

Pa 30 25 

Arrasby, A., Millbury, Mass. . . 20 00 

Auchincloss, Hugh, New York 20 00 

Bacon, Mrs. Josiali M., Phila- 
delphia, Pa 10 00 

Bacon,R. W..Philadelpliia,Pa. 10 00 

Bailey, John H., Pittsburgh, Pa. 10 00 
Bailey, Mr. and Mrs. M. C, 

Allegheny Citv, Pa 10 00 

Baker, 11. E., Detroit, Mich... 20 00 

Baldwin, J. G., New York 20 00 

Baldwin, M. G., NewYork. . . . 20 00 
Ballantyne& Son, Wm., Wash- 
ington, D. C 10 GO 

Ballou, Augustus, Brooklyn, 

N. Y 10 00 

Banta, Theo. M., New York. . 30 00 

Barclay, Lyman T., Whitby, Ont 10 00 

Barnes, A. S., New York 20 00 

Barnes, Theo. M., NewYork. . 20 00 
Barnier, John J., Brooklyn, N.Y 10 00 
Barry, Chas. C, Boston, Mass. 10 00 
Bartlett,Mrs. M . Boston, Mass. 20 00 
Bates, Jas. L.. Columbus, Ohio 20 00 
Bayard. C. P.. Germantown, Pa 10 00 
Beadleston, W. H., NewYork 20 00 
Bedell, G. T., (Bishoj)) Gam- 
bier, Ohio 30 00 

Beekman, Gerard, NewYork.. 20 00 

Belknap, R. L., New York.. . . 20 00 

Bell, Thompson, Pittsburgh,Pa. 10 00 



Bennett, Edmund H., Taunton, 

Mass 10 00 

Benton, A.E., (Rev.) Montrose, 

Pa 20 00 

Bettle, Wm., Philadelphia, Pa. 10 00 
Bettle, Edward, Jr., Philadel- 
phia, Pa 20 00 

Bevan, L. D., (Rev.) New York 10 00 
Biddle, Mrs. C. C, Philadel- 
phia, Pa 20 00 

Biddle, Edwaid C, Philadel- 
phia 40 00 

Biddle. Jas. 8.. Pliihidelphia,Pa 10 00 
Biddle, Mrs. Thomas A., Phila- 
delphia 20 00 

Bill, A. W., (Rev.) Menominee, 

Michigan 5 00 

Bingham, David, Orange, N.J. 10 00 
Bingham, W. A., WestDejoere, 

Wis 10 00 

Binney, Miss M., New York. . . 10 00 
Bishop, Mrs. Caroline C, New 

York 20 00 

Bixby, Mrs. Adelaide C.,Comp- 

ton, Cal 10 00 

Blatchford,E.W., Chicago, 111. 20 00 

Bliss, C. N., New York 30 00 

Bogert, Henry A., New York. 20 00 
Bookstaver, Henry W., New 

York 10 00 

Born,P.,(Rev.)Selinsgrove,Pa. 10 CO 
Bowerman, Allan, Farmers- 

ville, Ont 10 00 

Boyce, James P., (Rev.) Louis- 
ville, Ky 20 00 

Boyles. W., Corydon, Iowa... 10 00 
Bradbury, Cyrus, Hopedale, 

Mass 10 00 

Bradford, Martin L., Boston, 

Ma!5s...- 20 00 

Branch, Thos., Richmond, Va. 10 00 

Brand, James, New York 20 00 

Bremer, John L., Boston, Mass. 20 00 

Brewer, H. ©..Kansas City, Mo. 20 00 

Brewer, Jr., W. A., New York 10 00 



176 



APPENDIX TO LIST OP CONTRIBUTORS. 



Bright, Marshall H., Now York 10 00 
Brinckerhotf, Elbert A., New 

York 100 00 

Brodie,Wni. A., Genescn, N.Y. 20 00 
LJrooks, Phillips, (Rev.) Boston, 

Mass 20 00 

Brown, Alexander, Phila 100 00 

Brown, Geo. S., Baltimore, Md. 40 00 

Brown, T. Wistar, Phila., Pa. 20 00 
Brown, Wm. J\I., (Rev.) Rio de 

Janeiro, Brazil 10 00 

Brnnot, Felix R.,Pittsl)urgh,Pa 20 00 
Buchanan, J. I., Oil City, Pa. . 10 00 
Buck, Miss Mamie C, Balti- 
more, Md 20 00 

Bull, Wm. L., Philadelphia. . . 10 00 

Bullock, F. S., Baltimore, Md. 20 00 
Bullock, W. R., Wilmington, 

Delaware 30 00 

Bumstead, N. Willis, Boston, 

Ma«s 40 00 

Burkhalter, Stephen, NewYork 20 00 

Bussing, John S., New York. . 30 00 
Buttertield,H.Q., (Rev.) Olivet, 

Mich 10 00 

Carpenter, Edward P., Pough- 

keepsie, N. Y 10 00 

Carpenter, Jr., G, M., Provi- 
dence, R. I 

Cash 

Chaffee, Mrs. Eugene W., 
Moodus, Conn 

Chambers, Robt. B., Provi- 
dence, R. I 

Chambers, W. L., Chambers- 
burg, Pa 

Chapman, Geo. R., Boston, Mass. 

(Jharlier, Elie, New York 

Clark, Wm. Mortimer, Toronto, 

Clarke, Jno. C-Vst. 'cia'ir,'Mich. 
Clark, Wm. N., New York. . . 
Clark, Geo. C, Rushvillc, Ind. 
C'iinch, Edward S.. New York 
Cloats, Jas., Providence, R. I. . 
Cobb, Miss Annie C, New 

York 

Coffin, Chas. F., Richmond, Ind. 
Coles, Barak G., New York. . . 
Collin, Henry P., Coldwater, 

]\Iich 

Collins, IMrs. Ellen, New York 
Combs, John W., New York. . 
Comstock, Mis9 M. L., New 

York 20 00 

Cond it. Blackford, Terre Haute, 

Ind 20 00 



20 


00 


10 


00 


20 00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


20 


00 


20 00 


20 


00 


20 


00 


25 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


20 


00 


20 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


30 


00 


20 


00 


30 


00 



Conger, Clarence R., NewYork 

Conkling, B. D., (Rev.) Water- 
town, Ct 

Cook, Joseph W.. BufTalo.N.Y. 

Cooke, Jay, Ashbourne, Pa. . . 

Cook, Paul, Troy, N. Y 

Cooper, J. W., (Rev.) New 
Britain, Conn 

Corliss, Geo. IT. , Providence, R. I 

Cornwall, J.H., Patterson, N.Y. 

Crandon, Frank P., Chicago, 111. 

C;resson, Cha«. Caleb, Phila. . . 

Cresson, Wm. P., Philadelphia 

Cromwell, i\Iiss Caroline A,, 
New York 

Crowell, Mrs. C. C, Blair, Neb. 

Cross, Joseph, Elizabeth, N. J. 

Cutting, R. F., Brooklyn, N.Y. 

Cutting, Mrs. W. B., NewYork 

Dale, J. W., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Dana, S. H., (Rev.) Stratford, 
Conn 

Darlington, Miss Eliza, Pitts- 
burgh, Pa 

Davis, Theo. R., New York. . . 

Davenport, W. R., Erie, Pa... 

Day, Henry, New York 

Deems, J. Harry. Baltimore, Md. 

De Forest, Jr., Marcus, Middle- 
bury, Conn 

De Forest, Marcus, M.D., Mid- 
dlebury. Conn 

Delafield, Lewis L., New York 

Dewey, R. S., Kankakee, 111.. 

De Pew, John, New York. . . . 

Denslow, Chas.W., ]\Iendocino, 
Cal 

Dickey, C. D., N(!W York 

Dickey, Mrs. H. I., New York 

Didama. Mrs. S. jM., Syracuse, 
N. Y 

Dodge, Miss S. F., New York 

Donaldson, R. A., San Fran- 
cisco, Cal 

Dornin, W. C, New York 

Douglas, B., Chicago, 111 

Douglas, Benjamin J., (Rev.) 
Georgetown, Del 

Drown, Jas. T., Boston, Mass. 

Drown, Thos. M., Easton, Pa. 

Dudley, W. S., Milledgeville, 
Georgia 

Dudley, T. U., (Bishop) Louis- 
ville, Ky 

Dulles, John Welsh, Philadel- 
phia, Pa 

DuBois, Frank L., U. S. Navy 



20 00 



20 


00 


10 


00 


30 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


20 


CO 


20 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


10 


00 


10 


00 


30 


00 


30 


00 



30 00 
10 00 



10 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


20 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


20 


00 


80 


00 


10 


00 


10 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


10 


00 


10 


00 


10 


00 


10 


oc 


10 


00 


10 


00 


10 


00 


40 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


10 


00 


20 


00 


8 


CO 



APPENDIX TO LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



177 



Dunnin<?hain, F. P., University 

of Va., Va 10 00 

Durand, John, New York 10 00 

Duryea, S. B., Brooklyn, N.Y, 10 00 
Durant, Wm., (Rev.) Albanv, 

N. Y '. 10 00 

Dwight, John, New York 20 00 

Earle, John n., New York 10 00 

Eiiton, D. G., Brooklyn, N. Y. 20 00 

Elliott. Jolin, New York 20 00 

Elmer, Howard, Wavcrly,N.Y. 30 00 

Emott, James, New York 20 00 

Elv, Ilornce S., New York 20 00 

Ely, Nathan C, New York. . . 20 00 

Ely, Wm. D., Providence, R.T. 20 00 

Errett, Isaac, Cincinnati, O. . . 20 00 

Fairbanks, Franklin, St. Jolins- 

bury, Vt 20 00 

Fairbanks, Henry, St. Johns- 
bury, Vt 25 00 

Fancher, E. L.. New York.... 50 00 

Faris, D. S., (Rev.) Sparta, 111. 10 00 
Faruam, Henry, New Haven, 

Conn 100 00 

Farnum, ]\Irs. Elizabeth H., 

Philadelphia 20 00 

Farwell, P. T.. Bopton, Mass. . 10 00 
Fisher, Richard D., Balti- 
more, Md 20 00 

Fletcher, Albert E, Indianapo- 
lis, Ind 10 00 

Force, M. F., Cincinnati, O. . . 30 00 
Francis, Lewis, (Rev.) Brook- 
lyn, E. D., N. Y 10 00 

Frank, Charles A., Washing- 
ton, D. C 10 00 

Frascr, Chas. A., Pto. Plato, 

S. Dominfjo 30 00 

Frazcr, AbnerL.. Cincinnati, O. 10 00 

Fussell, M. T., Nev/ York 20 00 

Gammell,Wm.,Prov)dence.R.I 110 00 
Gehr,Geo.R.,Westminster,Md. 10 00 
Ge?t, John B., Philadelphia.. 30 00 
Gilchrist. A. S., East Mered- 
ith, N. Y 10 00 

Gill, Miss Newark. N. J 10 00 

Oilman, G. D., Boston, Mass. . 10 00 
GiIman..TohnS.,Baltimore.Md. 20 00 
Goddard, Tlios. P. I., Provi- 
dence, R. 1 20 00 

Goodrich, E. D., Boston. "Mass. 10 00 

Goodspecd. H. S., New York. 10 00 
Goodwin, D. R,, (Rev.) Phila- 

deliihia. Pa 10 00 

Gordon, Robert, New York ... 20 00 
12 



Graham, Wm. H., Baltimore, 

Md 30 00 

Grant, James. Philadelphia,Pa. 10 00 
Gratz, H. S., Philadelphia, Pa. 20 (tO 
Graves, E. A., Morristown, N.J. 10 00 
Graves, G. M., Chicago, Ills.. 10 00 
Gray, Geo. C, (Rev.) Cam- 
bridge, Mass 20 00 

Graydon, Miss Mary E., New 

York 20 00 

Green, Geo. S., Trenton, N. J. 20 00 
Greene, Jacob L., Hartfoid, 

C.Min 20 00 

Greene & Co., W. L , Boston, 

Mass 10 00 

Gregory,H.D.,Blairstown,N.J. 20 00 
Griffin, Geo. H., (Rtv.), Mil- 
ford, Conn 30 00 

GrifRth, R. H.. Rushville, Ills. 10 00 

Guild, J. H., Rupert. Vt 30 00 

Gulick, N. D., (Rev.) Brook- 
lyn, N. Y 10 00 

Hale, John P., (Rev.) Mil- 
waukee, Wis 10 00 

Hale, W. B., Northampton, 

Mass 30 00 

Halsted, J. M., New York .... 20 00 
Halsted, Robt., New York. . .. 20 00 
Hamerslev, John W., New York 20 00 
Handy, f. P., Cleveland, O... 20 00 
Hannett, Jr., Chas. E., New- 
port. R. 1 10 00 

Hard wick, B. C, Dorchester, 

Ma?3 20 00 

Hare, R. Emott, Philadelphia, 

Pa 10 00 

Harmon. E., (Rev.) Winchester, 

N. H 20 00 

Harris, John Campbell, Phila- 
delphia 100 00 

Harrison, Alfred C, Phila. ... 100 00 

Harrison, Geo.L , Philadelphia 20 00 
Harrison, John Jav. (Rev.) Sag 

Harbor. L. I.,"N. Y 10 00 

Hart, W. O., New Orleans, La. 30 00 
Hertel, C. A. E., (Rev.) Lodi, 

Cal 10 00 

Hill, J. R.,(Rev.)St.Louis,Mo. 10 00 

Hill, Wm., New York 10 00 

Hilton, Henrv, New York. ... 30 00 

Hincklev, S. T., Elgin. III.... 10 00 

Hitchcock, P. M., Cleveland, O. 25 00 
Hitchcock, R. D., (Rev.) New 

York 10 00 

Hoe. Robert, New York 25 00 

Holden, Mrs. Horace, New York 20 00 



178 



APPENDIX TO LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



noliday, TI. M., (Rev.) Allen- 
dale, Mich 10 00 

Ilolman, A. J. «& Co., Phila- 
delphia 60 00 

Holt, Geo. Hubl)ard, Crested 

Butte, Col 30 00 

Ilorsburgh, Jr., Jus., San Fran- 
cisco, Cal 10 00 

Houghton, H.O., Boston, Mass. 20 00 
Ilovev, Henry E., (Rev.)Brook- 

Ivn, N. Y 10 00 

How," B. W., New York 20 00 

Howard, Jas. L., Hartford, Ct. 6 00 
Howard, Mrs. Wm. A., Grand 

Rapids. Mich 10 00 

Hubbard Bros., Philadelphia, 

Pa 25 00 

Huey, Samuel B.,Philadelpliia, 

Pa 10 00 

Hughes, II. W., Cincinnati, O. 10 00 
Hunnewell, ]\Irs. J. F., Charles- 
town, Mass 10 00 

Hunt, A. S., (Rev.), Brooklyn, 

New York 10 00 

Hunter, Henry T., (Rev.) New 

York 10 00 

Huntington, DanM, New York 20 00 
Huntington, Henry S., (Rev.) 

Gorham, Maine 10 00 

Hurlbut, Henry A., New York 50 00 
Huston, A. F., Coatesville, Pa. 40 00 
Hutchinson, Wm., Montclair, 

N. .1 5 00 

Hyde, H. B., New York 20 00 

Hyde, Wm., Ware, Mass 25 00 

Ives,Mrs.C.L., Burlington, N.J. 20 00 
Ives, Wra. A , New Haven, 

Conn 10 00 

Jackson, W. H., New York. . . 20 00 
Jackson, F. Wolcott, Newark, 

N. J 25 00 

Jacobs, Francis, Westchester, 

Pa 30 00 



Jaffray, Robert, New York .... 
James, D. Willis, New York. . 
Jenks, Henry F., Boston, Mass 
Jennings, O. B., New York. .. 

Jesu]), M. K., Nev/ York 

Jewell, Chiis. A., Hartford, Ct. 
Jolinson, Chas. C, Norwich, Tt. 
Johnson, Elias H., Chester.Pa. 
Joiinson, Sam'!, Bo.ston, Mass. 
Jones. Jacob P., Philadelphia, 

Pa 

Jones, Lewis, New York 



20 


00 


20 


00 


20 


00 


50 


00 


20 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


20 


00 


20 


00 


20 


00 


20 


00 



Keller, P. A., Philadelphia, Pa. 20 00 
Kellev, Wm. V., (Rev.) Brook- 
lyn, E. D., N. Y 10 00 

Kennedy, John S., New York. 100 00 

Kent, Mrs. E. A., New York.. 20 00 

Kidder, H. P., Boston, Mass.. 20 00 
King, Francis T., Baltimore, 

Md 20 00 

King, J. F., New York 30 00 

King, Wm.L.,Morristown. N.J. 10 00 

Kip. L.W.,(Rev.) Amoy, China 20 00 
Kirtiand.M'-s. A. T. E., Orange, 

N. J 5 00 

Kittred ae, J. E. , ( Rev. ) Genesco, 

N. Y 10 00 

Knight, Sam'l, St. Loui.s, Mo. 10 00 
Knowles, Mrs. C.H., Westfleld, 

Jilass 10 00 

Lafon. Miss, Louiville, Ky. . . . 30 00 
Lambert, John, Philadelphia, 

Pa 20 00 

Lamberton, R. A., South Beth- 
lehem, Pa 10 00 

Lane, Geo. W., New York. ... 20 00 

Lane, S. M., Southbridgc,Mass. 20 00 
Langdon, Woodbury G., New 

York 20 00 

Latham, H. D., (Rev.) Madi- 
son, Conn 10 00 

Law, ^y. W. , New York 10 00 

Learned, L.C ,NewLondon,Ct. 10 00 

Leiter, Levi Z., Chicago, Ills. . 100 00 

Letchworth, J., Auburn, N.Y. 20 00 
Lewis, H. A., (Rev.) Carlisle, 

N. Y 30 00 

Lewis, H. F., Chicntro, 111. . . . 20 00 

Lewis, Z. Edwards, New York 30 00 

Lincoln, P. S., New York. . . . 10 00 

Little, Geo.T., Braintrce, Mass. 30 00 
Lloyd, T. A., (Rev.) West- 

Chester, Pa 10 00 

Lockwood, A. D., Providence, 

R. 1 20 00 

Long, John D., Boston. Mass. 10 00 
Logan, J, Lewis, Nicholas- 

ville, Ky 10 00 

Lord, D. D., New York 20 00 

Lord, Tlios., Chicairo, 111 20 00 

Lowrv, Mrs. Anie L., Philadel- 
phia, Pa 5 00 

Lyman, C. C, Hartford, ("t. . . 20 00 

MacGowan, A. B., Fort Apache 

A. T 20 00 

MacKe'llar.Thos., Philadelphia 20 00 
Mackintosh, W. S., Pittsburgh, 

Pa.... 30 00 



APPENDIX TO LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



179 



Martin, Geo.C, Brooklyn, KY. 10 00 
MacManus, Mrs. Susan R., 

Phila.,Pa 10 00 

Macy, Miss M. Josie, Lewis- 

ville, Ind 10 00 

Magie, Ann F., Elizabeth, KJ. 10 00 

Mai^ie, AV. E., New York 10 00 

Magie, AY. J., Elizibelh, N. J. 10 00 

Man, A. P., New York 20 00 

Marshall, Benj., New Straits- 

ville, O 10 00 

Marshall, James, (Rev.) New 

York 10 00 

]\rarsliall, Henry P., New York 10 00 
Mason, M. B., Boston, I\Iass.. 30 00 
Mather, Roland, Hartford, Ct. 20 00 
May, Jos., (Rev.) Philadelphia 20 00 
McAlpine, D. H., New York. . 20 00 
]\IcCall,5Irs. Jas. N., New York 10 00 
McClenthen, Wm. T., Phila- 
delphia, Pa 10 00 

McClung, C. M., Knoxville, 

Tenn 10 00 

McColIom, Jno. H., Oswego, 

N. Y 30 00 

McKcllip, AVm. A., Westmin- 
ster, Md 10 00 

McKim, Jr., Haslett, (Rev.) 

Newbiirgh, N. Y 20 00 

Meridian, John, Philadelphia, 

Pa 20 00 

McMurtrie,R. C, Philadelphia, 

Pa 20 00 

Menzies, Wm., New York. ... 10 00 
Merriam, Chas., Springdeld, 

Mass 20 00 

Merrill, J. Warren, Boston, 

Mass 150 00 

Middlcbrook, S. M., Bridge- 
port, Ct 20 00 

Mills, James M., New York. . 20 00 
Miller, E. Rothe-say, (Rev.) 

Tokiyo, Japan 20 00 

Milne, A., New York 20 00 

Minor, John B., Charlottes- 
ville, Va 20 00 

Minturn, R. B., New York. . . 30 00 
Mitchell, Elizabeth N., New 

York 10 00 

Moak, N. C, Albany, N. Y. . . 20 00 

Monroe,ElbertB ,Southport,Ct 20 00 

Moore, Dennis. Hamilton, Ont. 20 00 

Moore, W. H. H., New York. 20 00 

Morgan, Geo. H., New York.. 40 00 

Morris, Israel, PhiIadelphia,Pa. 120 00 

Morris, Wistar, Philadelphia, Pa 40 00 
Mumford, Miss A. S., New 

York 20 00 

Hunger, H. R., New York. ... 20 00 



NefiF, Peter, Gambler, Ohio ... 20 00 
Neilson, MissMeta, New Bruns- 
wick, N. J 10 00 

Norcross, Otis, Boston, Mass.. 20 00 

Normal Class, Jackson, Mich.- 10 50 

Norrie, Adam, New York 20 00 

Odell, Mrs. S. P., Newport,R.I. 10 00 
Osborne. Mrs. A. M., Catskill, 

N. Y 10 00 

Osborne, J. H., Auburn, N. Y. 20 00 

Ozanne, P. M., Cleveland, O. . 10 00 

Paine. C. F., Rochester, N. Y. 10 00 
Palmer. Clias. Ray, (Rev.) 

Bridgeport, Ct 10 00 

Palmer, Wm. C, New York.. 10 00 

Palmer, Henry, Chester, Pa. . . 20 00 
Parker, Mrs. J. H., Charleston, 

S. C 20 00 

Parsons. John E., New York. . 20 00 
Paul, Henry N. , Pliiladelphia, 

Pa 10 00 

Peckham, Miss Addie M., 

Brooklyn, N. Y 10 00 

Pendleton, Edward W., Detroit, 

Mich 10 20 

Pennock Geo., Philadelphia . . 30 00 
Perkins, E. T., (Rev.) Louis- 
ville, Ky 10 00 

Perkins, Joseph, Cleveland, O. 20 00 
Pettit, E. R., Philadelphia, Pa. 10 00 
Phares, D.L., Agricultural Col- 
lege, Mississippi 30 00 

Piercej^Geo.A.,Providence,R.L 30 00 
Piper, Wm. T., Camln-idge, 

Mass 20 00 

Polhemus, I. H., (Rev.) Mexico 

Citv, Mexico 10 00 

Post, Wright E., New York. . 20 00 

Potter, Howard, New York. . . 20 00 
Potwin, T. S., (Rev.) Hartford, 

Conn 10 00 

Powers, Wm. P., New York. . 20 00 

Prime, Miss Nina, New York. 30 00 

Prime, Ralph E..Yonkers,N.Y. 20 00 
Pruyn, Jr., J. V. L., Albany, 

N. Y 10 00 

Purves, Wm., Philadelphia.Pa. 20 00 
Putnam, A. P., (Rev.) Brook- 
lyn, N. Y 10 00 

Quincy, John W., New York. . 20 00 

Raven, A. A., New York 20 00 

Redfield, John H., Philadel- 
phia, Pa 20 00 

Reed, Chas. H., (Rev.) Rich- 
mond, Va 10 00 



180 



APPENDIX TO LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



Reese, Jas. W., (Rev.) West- 
minster, Md 10 00 

Renwick, Henry 13., Kew York 20 00 
Rice, Joseph A., Betlilehem, Pa. 20 00 
Richardson, C.E., Stamford, Ct. 5 00 
Richardson, Ilnnnah W., Phil- 
adelphia, Pa 20 00 

Roberts, John E., Providence, 

R. 1 30 00 

Robertson, Thos. D., Rockford, 

Illinois 00 00 

Robie, Edwiiid, (Rev.) Green- 
land, N. H 30 00 

Robinson, D. S., Baltsburg, Pa. 10 00 

Rockwell, Jas., Utica, N. Y. . 10 00 
Rogers, Fordyce II., Detroit, 

Mich 10 00 

Rollins, E. A., Philade]phia,Pa. 50 00 

Roosevelt, Jas. A., New York 100 00 

Ropes, J. C, Boston, IMass 20 00 

Ross, A. Hastings, (Rev.) Port 

Huron, Mich 20 00 

Ross, E. A., Albany, N. Y. .. . 10 50 

Salisbury, Edward E., New 

Haven, Conn 20 00 

Santee, Chas., Philadelpliia. . . 20 00 
Savajje, ]\Irs. Saraii C. , Phila- 
delphia, Pa 10 00 

Sawyer, W. J., Allegheny City, 

Pa '. 20 GO 

Scatterfjfood, Geo. J., Philadel- 
phia, Pa 10 00 

Scattergood, Mary, Phi la 20 00 

Scattergood, Thomas, Phila. . . 20 00 
SchafT, Philip. (Rev.) New 

York no 00 

Schwab. Gustav, New York.. 20 00 

SchielTelin, II. M., New York. 20 00 

Scott, Jas. B., Pittsburgh, Pa. 20 00 
Scott, J. Alexander, Orange, 

N. J 10 00 

Scull, Jr., David and Edward 

L., Philadelphia, Pa 30 00 

Selleck, A. D., New York 20 00 

Second Congregational Ch., 
Richforfi. 111., by Rev. F. 

P.Woodbury 20 00 

Shea, C. B., Pittsburgh, Pa. .. 20 00 
Shearman, T. G., New York.. 20 00 
Sharpc, Thos. IL, Indianapo- 
lis, Ind 10 00 

Shearer, Thos.. Baltimore, Md. 10 00 

Sheldon, Smith, New York. . . 10 00 

Sh(])ard, Elliott F., New York 20 00 
Sliepard. Sidney, New Haven. 

N. Y 60 00 

Shepard, Mrs. Sidney, Clifton 

Springs, N. Y 20 00 



Simmons, Chas. E., Chicago, 

Ills 20 00 

Sinclair, John, New York 20 00 

Sinclair, ]\Irs. Thos. M., Cedar 

Rapids, Iowa 20 00 

Skidmore, Wm. L., New York. 20 00 
Skinner, Norman N., Clinton, 

N. Y 10 00 

Slater, II. K, Wel)ster, Mass. 10 00 

Sloan, Samuel, New York 20 00 

Smiley, Aliiert K., I^ake Mo, 

liouk, N. Y 48 GO 

Smith, Daniel. Jlobile, Ala... 10 00 
Smith, Earnest L., New York. 10 00 
Smith, Jas. Willsun, Sag Har- 
bor, L. I.,N. Y 10 00 

Smith, Sylvester, New Haven, 

Conn 20 00 

Smith, S. P., Orange, N. J. . . 10 00 
Smith. Mrs. S. P., Orange, 

N. J 10 00 

Smith, Wni. Alexr., New York. 20 00 
Smith, ]\Irs. Wm. H., New 

Britain, Conn 30 00 

Sparks, ]\Irs. Jarcd, Cambridge, 

Mass 25 00 

Speare, Alden, Boston, ]\Iass. . 20 00 

Spence,W.W., Baltimore, JSId. 20 00 

Spencer, Wm., Erie, Pa 10 00 

Starr, ]\Irs. Sarah M., New 

York 30 00 

Stearns, J. G. D., Zumbrota, 

Minn 20 00 

Stebbins, S. N., New York. . . 20 00 

Stednian,EraundC ,NewYork. 30 00 
Sterling, J. C , Watertown, 

N. Y 5 00 

Sterling, John AV., New York. 20 00 

Sterry, Geo. E., New York. . . 10 00 
Stewart, Bryce, Clarksvillc, 

Tenn 40 15 

Stewart, John A., New York. 20 00 
Stickney, J. Henry, Baltimore, 

Md 20 00 

Stimson, Henry A., Worcester, 

Mass 30 00 

Stokes, Anson Phelps, New 

York 20 00 

Stone, Elizabeth B., New York 10 00 

Stone, Mary M., New Y(n-k. . . 10 00 

Stcme, Mary S., New York. ... 10 00 

Stone, Suniner R , New York. 30 00 

Studley, Mrs. II., New York. . 10 00 
Sumner, Sarah F., Albany, 

N. Y 20 00 

Swan, Lvndon M., Brooklyn, 

N. Y 20 00 

Sweeting, T. Henry, Philadel- 
phia, Pa 10 00 



APPENDIX TO LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



181 



Swift, Rowland, Hartford, Ct. 10 00 

Taber, Wm. C, New Bedford, 

Mass 20 00 

Taft, Jas. IT., New York 20 00 

Tallmau, Mrs. W. G., Brook- 
lyn, N. Y 20 00 

Talcott, Wait, Rockford, Ills. 30 00 
Talmadt,'e, ]\Irs. Elizabeth, 

Wcsttield, Mass 30 00 

Tatum, Edwd., New York. ... 20 00 
Taylor, Clms. S., Burlington, 

N. J 100 00 

Taylor, Edgar D., Richmond, 

Va 10 00 

Taylor, John P., (Rev.) New 

London, Conn 10 00 

Taylor, .IohnW.,Ne\vark,N. J. 10 00 
Terry, Roderick, (Rev.), New 

York 30 00 

Terry, Stephen, Hartford, Ct. . 20 00 
Tew, Willis, Jamestown, N.Y. 30 00 
Terry, i\I. S. (Rev.), New York 20 00 
Theol. Seminary Library, Gam- 
bier, 10 00 

Thomas, Edwd. Isaiah, Boston, 

Mass 10 00 

Thomas, Geo., West White- 
land P. O., Pa 30 00 

Thompson, Chas. O., Worces- 
ter, ISIass 10 00 

Thompson, John B., (Rev.), 

Catskill, N. Y 30 00 

Thomson, H. C, (Rev.), Mon- 
terey, Mexico 20 00 

Thorne, Jonathan, New York. 20 00 

Tilton, Henry, New York 30 00 

Tompkins, H. B.. New York. 20 00 
Torrev, D, (Rev.), Cazenovia, 

N. Y 10 00 

Townsend,.JohnP., NewYork, 20 00 
Townsheud, Mary L., New 

York 10 00 

Tracy, Chas., New York 20 00 

Tracy, J. Evarts, New York . . 20 00 
Trask. Alanson, Brooklyn, N. 

Y 20 00 

Trow, John F., New York 10 00 

Trowbridge, F. E , N. Y 5 00 

Tuttle, Wm. P., New York. . . 10 00 

Vail, C. E., Blairstown, N. J.. 20 00 
Vail, R. P. H. (Rev.), Stam- 
ford, Ct 10 00 

Valentine, John J., San Fran- 
cisco, Cal 20 00 

Van Amringe,J.H.,New York, 10 00 

Vanarsdale, Henry, New York. 20 00 



Vandeibilt, Cornelius, New 
York 

Van Wagenen, Blcccker, New 
York 

Vaux, Geo., Pliiladelphia 

Vaux, Jr., Geo., Pliiladelphia, 
Pa 

Vaux, Miss Mary M., Philadel- 
phia, Pa 

Vaux, Jr., Wm. S., Philadel- 
phia, Pa 

Viele, Maurice E., Albany,N.Y. 

Vroom, Geo. A,, New York.. 



Wadsworth, Strong, Stapleton, 
S. L, N. Y 

Wallace, J. Duff, NewYork.. 

Warren, Mrs. S. D., Boston, 
Mass 

Warren, S. D., Boston, Mass. . 

Wells, Chas. J., Stapleton, S. 
L, N. Y 

West, Chas. E,, Brooklyn, 
N. Y 

Wheelock, Wm. A.. NewYork 

Whitall, Jas., Philadelphia, 
Pa 

White, Geo. II., Jersey City, 
N. J 

White, Joseph, Williamstown, 
Mass 

White, Rebecca, Feruwood, 
Pa 

Whitney, JohnR., BrynMawr, 
Pa 

Whitney, W. B., Germantown, 
Pa 

Whitridge, Wm. H., Balti- 
more, Md 

Willets, R. R., New York 

Williams, Edward C, Oak- 
land, Cal 

Williams, Frank B., Youngs- 
town, O 

Williams, Mrs. J. B., Ithaca, 
N. Y 

Williams, J. Henry, (Rev.) 
Amherst, Va 

Williams, Meade C, (Rev.) 
Princeton, Ills 

Williams, Thos. C Richmond, 
Va 

Williams, W.W., (Rev.) Balti- 
more, Md 

Williamson, Jas., (Rev.) Acton, 
Ind 

Willing, H. J., Chicago, Ills.. 



20 00 

20 00 
20 00 

10 00 

10 00 

10 00 
10 00 
10 00 



30 


00 


20 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


20 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


20 


00 


20 


00 


SO 00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


20 


00 


10 


00 


10 00 


10 


00 


30 00 


10 00 


10 00 


10 


00 



182 APPENDIX TO LIST 

Willoughby, J. D., Philadel- 
phia, Pa 10 00 

Winslow, John F., Pough- 

keepsie. N. Y 20 00 

Winthrop, Mrs. H. R., New 

York 20 00 

Wintringliara, J. P., New 

York 70 00 

Winthrop, R. C, Boston, Mass. 20 00 

Wolfe, Miss C. L., New York. 20 00 

Wood, Walter, Philadelphia, 

Pa 100 00 

Woodburv, Frank P., (Rev.) 

RockYord, III 10 00 

Woolcy, Joseph J., Pawtucket, 

R.'l 10 00 



OF CONTRIBUTORS. 

Wortman, Denis, (Rev.) Fort 

Plain, N. Y 10 00 

Wright, Miss Fanny M., Hart- 
ford, Conn. . . .' 10 00 

Wright, John W., Camden, 

N. J 00 00 

Younaans, R. II., New York. . 10 GO 

Younglove, John E., Bowling 

Green, Ky 80 00 

Young Men's Bible Class, Pres- 
byterian Church, Stam- 
ford, Ct 10 00 

Youn<; Men's Christian Asso., 

New York , . 10 00 



APPENDIX 



TO 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



Subscriptions from May iith, 1883, to February 3D, 1885. 



Alexander, Jas. W., New York. $10 00 
Anshutz, John P., Phidadel- 

phia, Pa 12 50 

Andrews, John W., Columbus, 

Ohio 25 00 

AUiuson, Jas., Yardville, N. J. 25 00 
Armstrong, Miss Sarah H., New 

York 30 00 

Applcton, E. W. (Rev.), Ash- 
bourne, Pa 30 00 

Austin, Jas. C, Chambersburg 

Pa 30 00 

Allen, R. D. H., Pequabuek, 

Conn 10 00 

Archbold, John D., New York. 42 50 
Agnew, Alexander McL., New 

York 30 00 

Aitken, John W., New York. . . 30 00 

Adams, Edward D., New York. 140 GO 

Bingham, W. A., West De 

Pere, Wis 20 00 

Bittinger, J. B. (Rev.), Se wick- 
ley. Pa 20 00 

Barnes, Theo, M., New York. . 10 00 

Brown, Geo. S., Baltimore 20 00 

Bumstead, N. Willis, Boston. . 20 00 

Brown, T. Wistar, Philadelphia 10 00 

Blatchford, E. W., Chicago, 111. 10 00 

Brunot, P. R., Pittsburgh Pa. . 10 00 
Berard, Miss A. Blanche, West 

Point, N. Y 30 00 

Butler, Chas.. New York 30 00 

Beadleston, W. H.. New York. 10 00 

Brown, Alex'r, Philadelphia. . . 32 50 

Browne, Henry H., Brooklyn. . 20 00 

Brodie, Wm. A., Geneseo, N. Y. 10 00 

Blair, Wm., Chicago, 111 25 00 

Bryce, James P. (Rev.), Louis- 
ville, Ky 10 00 

Barlow, G.. Brooklvn 30 00 

Beokman, Gerard, New York . . 10 00 
Bedell, G. T. (Rt. Rev.), Gam- 
bier, 10 00 

Bliss, Cornelius N., New York. 25 00 
Brouwer Theophilus A., New 

York 30 00 

Brimmer, Martin, Boston 30 00 

Barnier, John J., Brooklyn 30 00 

Banta Theo. M., New York 10 00 



Bacon, Miss Helen R., Philadel- 
phia $30 00 

Bascom, John, Madison, Wis. . 30 00 

Burr Chas. H. (Rev.), New York 30 00 
Butler, Wm. Allen, Yonkers, 

N. Y 42 50 

Burnet, R. W., Cincinnati, 0. . 30 00 

Billings, Fred'k, New York 4-2 50 

Blakeman, Birdseye, New York 42 50 
Buchanan, Jas. 1., Pittsburg, 

Pa 30 00 

Ball, Mrs. John, Grand Rapids, 

Mich 30 00 

Brewer, W. A. Jr., New York. 25 00 
Biddle, Edward C, Philadel- 
phia 10 00 

Biddle, Wm. P.. Philadelphia. 10 00 

Brinckerhoff, E, A., New York. 25 00 



Cresson, Chas. C, Germantown, 

Pa 10 00 

Carpenter, G. M., Providence, 

R. 1 10 00 

Condit, Blackford, Terre Haute, 

Ind 10 00 

Conger, C. R., New York 10 00 

Collins, Ellen, New York 5 00 

Cresson. Wm. P., Philadelphia 10 00 

Cook, Mrs. Anna R., New York 25 00 
Curtis. Geo. W., New Haven, 

Conn 42 50 

Charlier, Elie, New York 30 00 

Cook, Paul. Troy, New York. . 142 50 

Clark, Geo. C, Rushville, Ind. 10 00 

Charlton. John, Delhi, Ont 30 00 

Cauldwell, W^m. A., New York 30 00 

Cooke, Jay, Shoemakertown, Pa. 30 00 

Cochran, H. C, Philadelphia.. 30 00 

Chittenden, S. B., Brooklvn. . . 42 50 

Coffin, Jr., Edmund, New York 25 00 

Colgate, Samuel, Orange, N. J. 37 50 
Cooper, James W. (Rev.), New 

Britain, Ct 25 00 

Gushing, G. W. B. (Rev.), New 

York 30 00 

Caughey, John A., Pittsburg, 

Pa 30 00 

Coffin, Lemuel, Philadelphia . . 30 00 

Cutting, W. Bayard, New York 30 00 



184 



APPENDIX TO LIST OF CONTPJBUTORS. 



Clark, W. Mortimer, Toronto, 

Can $10 00 

Carpenter, F. W., Providence, 

R.I 43 50 

Davis, 0. F. , Omaha, Neb 30 00 

Day, Henry, Morristown, N. J. 30 00 

Dulles. J. \V., Plijkdclphia 10 00 

Day, Frank A., Boston 30 00 

Dodge, Jr., Wm. E., New York 100 00 
Denslow, Chas. W., Mendocino, 

Cul 10 00 

Davenport, W. R., Erie, Pa. . . 25 00 
Dudlev, T. U. (Rt. Rev.), Louis- 

vi'llc, Ky 30 Qd 

Dornin, Wm. C., New York... 25 00 

De Forest, H. G., New York. . . 100 00 

Durand, John, Rochester, N. Y. 100 00 

Dodge, Mrs. Wm. E., New York 30 00 

Drown, Jas. T., Boston 10 00 

Dunlop, John, Richmond, Va. . 30 00 
Didama, Mrs. H. D., Syracuse, 

N. Y 25 00 

Dennet, A. W., New York 30 00 

Errett, Isaac, Cincinnati, . . . . 10 00 

Edwards, Waiter, New York. . 30 00 

Fairbanks, Franklin, St. Johns- 
bury, Vt 10 00 

Freeland, Tlieo. 11. , New York 25 CO 

Force, M. h'., Cincinnati, O 25 CO 

Fisk, Clinton B., New York ... 42 50 

Fancher, E. L., New York 100 00 

Field, Cyrus W., New York. . . 30 00 

Fiske, Josiali M.. New York. . . 42 50 

Fish, Hamilton, Nev/ York 100 00 

Fritz, G. W., Scranton, Pa 30 00 

Farnham, W. H., Milwaukee, 

Wis 30 00 

Farnam, Mrs. Henry, New Ha- 
ven, Conn 10 00 

French, Jonathan. Boston 73 50 

Franklin Ave. Presbvt. Church, 

Brooklyn, N. Y.' 30 00 

Gregory, II. D. (licv.), Philadel- 
phia 10 00 

Gray, Geo. Z. ^Rev.), Cam- 
bridge, Mass 25 00 

Gcst, John B., Philadelphia ... 10 00 
Goddard, Wra. T., Providence, 

R. 1 10 00 

Graham, Wm. II., Baltimore.. 10 00 
Griffin, G. H. (Rev.), Milibrd, 

Conn 10 Of) 

Gilmiin, John S., Baltimore ... 10 00 

Gallatin, Albert R., New York. 25 00 

Gastcn, Jane, Brooklvn 30 00 

Gates, Caleb F., ChicajTO. 111. . . 30 CO 

Green, Caleb S , Trenton, N.J. 30 00 

Greene, Steplien, Philadeluhia. 100 00 

Goodwin, J. J., Now York 42 50 

Grant, Wm. S., Philadelphia. . 137 50 



Gouchcr. John F., Balitmore. . ^25 00 

Garrett, T. Harrison, Baltimore IGO 00 

Gray, S. R., Albany, N. Y 30 00 

Hawkes, W. S., (Rev.), So. Had- 

ley Falls, Mass 30 CO 

Hyde, H. B., New York 10 CO 

Huntington, Dan'l, New York. 10 00 

Halstead, Robt. , New York 10 CO 

Harris, John Campbell, Thila. . 8 00 

Harbison, S. P., Pitt:^buro-, Pa. 30 00 

Hoyt, Oliver, Stamford, Conn . 25 GO 

Hitchcock, P. M., Cleveland, 0. 42 50 
Hazard Rov.'land, Peace Dale, 

R. 1 100 00 

Hunneweli, Jas. F., Charles- 
town, Mass 25 00 

Hagerman, J. J., Milwaukee, 

Wis 30 00 

Henderson, C. M., Chicago, III. 30 00 
Halstead, I'earson S., New 

York 25 00 

Hildreth, E. (Rev.), Colorado 

Springs, Col 30 00 

Hunt, E. K., Hartford. Conn. . 30 00 

How, B. W. , New York 10 00 

Ilorsburg, Jr., Jas., San Fran- 
cisco, Cal 100 00 

Hammond, W. B., New York. 42 50 

Hovt, Jas. M., Cleveland, O. . . 25 00 
Halsey, A. W. (Rev.), New 

York 30 00 

Hunt, G. H., Baltimore 42 50 

Harris, I. N., New London, 

Conn 25 00 

Holt, Geo. Hubbard, Chicago, 

111 30 00 

Irvin, Richard, New York 25 CO 

Inches, Martin B., Boston 30 00 

Ivison, David B., New York. . . 42 50 

Jackson, P. A., Philadelphia. . SO 00 

Jones, Jacob P., Philadelphia.. 10 00 
Jewell, Chas. A., Hartford, 

Conn 10 00 

Jennings, 0. B., New York 10 00 

Jackson, W. 11., New York... 10 00 
Johnson, Mrs. Charlotte A,, 

Boston 25 00 

Johnson, Rcvcrdy, Baltimore.. 30 00 
Jessamine Co. Bible Society, 

Nicholas vi lie, Ky 25 00 

Jacobs, Francis, Westchester, 

Pa 30 00 

Johnson, Jas. R., Ccshocton, 0. 25 00 

J unkin, George, Philadelphia.. 25 00 

Jesup, Morris K., New York. . 10 00 
Johnston, John Taylor, New 

York 25 00 

Kilbourne, Chas. T., New York 70 00 

Kennedy, John S., New York. . 27 50 

King, Francis T., Baltimore... 80 00 



APPENDIX TO LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



185 



Kennedy, Robt. Lenox, New 

York $100 00 

Kissam, Mrs. L. H., Brooklyn. 73 50 
Kins;', Wra. L., Morristown, 

N. J 25 00 

Kins:sley, H. C, New Haven, 

Conn 30 00 

Kearney, E. S., Portland, 

Oregon 30 00 

Kniglit, Samuel, St. Louis 30 00 

Kip, Geo. G., New York 43 50 

Keller, P. A., Philadelphia, Pa. 10 00 

Lamberton, R. A., Bethlehem, 

Pa 20 00 

Law, W. W., New York 20 00 

Lockwood, Radcliffo B., Bing- 

hamton, N. Y 20 00 

Lane, S, M., Southbridge, 

Mass 10 00 

Lord, Thos., Chicago, 111 10 00 

Lewis, 11. P., Chicago, 111 10 00 

Leai-ned, J. C, New London, 

Conn 30 00 

Lyman, Theo., Hartford, Conn. 10 00 

Low, Setli, Brooklyn, N. Y 42 50 

Lee, G. W. C, Lexington, Va, 42 50 
Love, John B., Philadelphia. . 25 00 
Lawrence, Amos A., Cam- 
bridge, Mass 30 00 

Ludington, C. II., New York. . 25 00 

Lord, D. D., New York 30 00 

Latham, D. D., New London, 

Conn 30 00 

Livingston, I\liss Frances, New 

York 30 00 

Lawton, Mrs. A. R., Savannah, 

Ga 30 00 

Morse, R. C. (Rev.), New York. 30 00 
McGowan, A. B , Pel ham, N. Y. 10 00 
McMurtrie, R. C, Philadelpliia 10 00 
Moore, W. H. H., New York. . 10 00 
Mc Alpine, D. II., New York . . 10 00 
McKim, H. (Rev.), New York.. 10 03 
Moak, N. C, Albany, N. Y... 10 03 
Monroe, E. B. , Southport, Conn. 30 00 
Mum ford. Miss A. S., Roches- 
ter, N. Y 10 00 

McClellan, Mrs. M. C, Hart- 
ford, Conn 30 00 

McCreery, Mrj. Hannah M., 

New York 25 00 

McCormick, Jr , Cyrus H., Chi- 
cago. Ill 112 50 

Morgan J. Pierpont, New York. 100 00 
Merriman, Rev. Daniel, Wor- 
cester, Mass 30 00 

Morrell, C. J., Boston 30 00 

McWilliams, D. W., Brooklvn 113 50 
McClure, Mrs. Wm. H., Al- 

banv. N. Y 100 00 

Marvin, "S. S., Pittsburg, Pa . . 30 00 

McWilliams. John, New York . 30 00 



McCollom, John H., Oswego, 

N. Y $10 00 

Milne, A., New York 10 00 

Merrill, Wiilard, Milwaukee, 

Wis 30 00 

McManus, Chas. V., Philadel- 
phia 30 00 

Miller, E. Rothesay (Rev.), 

Tokio, Japan 10 00 

Mackintosh, W, S., Pittsburg, 

Pa 30 00 

McCook, John I., New York.. 30 00 

Moen, P. L., Worcester, Mass. . 42 50 

Munn, Mrs. 0. D., New York. 25 00 

Magie, Wm. E., New York 30 00 

McPherson, John B., Lebanon, 

Pa 20 00 

McAuslan, John, Providence, 

R. 1 125 00 

Miller, Daniel, Baltimore 42 50 

Mackellar, Thos., Philadelphia. 10 00 

Norcross, Otis, Boston, Mass . . 10 CO 

Negley. W. B., Pittsburg, Pa. . 25 00 

Niles, Lucian H., New York . . 43 50 

Owen, T. L., Pittsburg, Pa 30 00 

Olmstead, Theo. F., Geneseo, 

N. Y 30 00 

Orrock J. M. (Rev.). Boston ... 30 00 

Peabody, George F., Brooklyn, 

N. Y 20 00 

Purvis W., Philadelphia 10 00 

Perris, Wm. G., New York. ... 20 00 
Powers, Wm. P., New York. . . 10 00 
Phares, D. L., Agricultural Col- 
lege, Mississippi 10 00 

Patton, W. W. (Rev.), Wash- 
ington, I). C 25 00 

Potwin, W. S., Chicago, 111... 25 00 

Potter, Sarah C, Kingston, R.I. 25 00 

Pruyn, J. V. L., Albany, N. Y. 30 00 

Pratt, L., Hartford, Conn 42 50 

Peirce, Harold. Bristol, Pa ... . 43 50 
Phelps, S. Drvden (Rev.), Hart- 
ford. Conn 20 00 

Parker, Knnsoni, New York... 25 00 

Palm.er, Wm. B., Olivet, Mich. 30 00 

Pearse & Co., A. P., New York 60 00 

Perkins, Joseph, Cleveland. 0. 25 00 

Pennock, Geo., Phihidelrihia .. 10 00 

Parsons, John E.. New York. . 30 00 

Raven, A. A., New York 10 00 

Rhoads, J as. E., Germantown, 

Pa 25 00 

Reybm-n, Mrs. and Miss Small, 

Baltimore 30 00 

Ripley, George, Andover, Mass. 30 00 
Richards, Mark H., Pottstown, 

Pa 30 00 

Rice, Joseph A.. Bethlehem, Pa. 10 00 

Rockwell, James, Utica, N. Y. 30 00 

Ropes, John C, Boston, Mass. . 10 00 



18G 



APPENDIX TO LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



Rollins, E. A., Philadelphia, 
Pa 

Raymond, R. W., Brooklyn, N, 
Y 

Ropes, J. S., Boston, Mass 

Sinclair, John, New York 

Selleck, A. D., New York 

Shearman, Thos. G., Brooklyn, 

N. Y 

Stewart, John A., New York. . 
Sheoard, Sidney, New Haven, 

N. Y 

Sloan, Sam'l, New York 

Scattergood, Thos. , Philadel- 
phia, Pa 

Stokes, Anson Phelps, New 

York 

Schieflfelin, H. M., New York.. 
Sinclair, Mrs. Thos. M., Cedar 

Rapids, Iowa 

Stewart, John, Richmond, Va. 
Sparks, Mary C, Cambridge, 

Mass 

Shepard, Elliott P., New York. 
Stuart, Geo. II., Philadelphia . 
Slade, Fred. J., Trenton, N. J. 
SchieffeJin, Sam'l B., New 

York 

Sturges, Susan M., Mansfield, 0. 
Sherrard, Thos. J., Honey 

Brook, Pa 

Sterry, Geo. E., New York .... 
Sumner, Sarah P., Albany, N. 

Y 

Slover, Warren G. F., New 

York 

Scull, S. M., Philadelphia 

Scull, Jr., D., Pliiladelphia 

Sloan, Wm. S., New York 

Starr. Mrs. Sarah M., New 

York 

Savage, Sarah Chauncey, Phil- 
adelphia 

Stearns, Isaac C, Zumbrota, 

Minn 

Sabine, G. A.. New York 

Shiells. Robert, Neenah, Wis.. 
Stettinins, J. L., Cincinnati, O. 
Stone, Sumner R.. New York. 

Sloane, W. & J., New York 

Schwab, Gustav, New York . . . 
Stewart, Bryee. Clarksville, 

Tenn 

Turner, J. Spencer, New York. 

Tew, Willis, Jamestown, N. Y. 

Taber, Wm. C, New Bedford, 

Mass 



120 00 


87 50 
30 00 


10 00 
10 00 


10 00 
30 00 


10 00 
100 00 


10 00 


30 00 
10 00 


53 50 
30 00 


5 00 
25 00 
25 00 
25 09 


10 00 
30 00 


25 00 
25 00 



10 00 



30 00 


25 00 


10 CO 


80 00 


10 00 


30 00 


30 CO 


30 00 


30 00 


30 00 


10 00 


46 86 


10 00 


20 00 


13 50 


10 00 


10 00 



Tracy, J. E., New York $10 00 

Terry, Steplien, Hartford,Conn. 10 00 

Thomas. George, Whitford, Pa. 10 00 

Tal't, James II., New York 10 00 

Tiffany, C. C. (Rev ), New York. 30 00 

Tatham, Benj., New York 30 CO 

Trask, Alanson, Brooklyn, N. 

Y 25 00 

Terry, Itoderick (Rev.), New 

York 10 00 

Thompson, F. F., New York . . 150 00 
Thorne, Miss Phebe Anna, New 

York 150 00 

Thompson, John B. (Rev.), 

Berkely, Cal 10 00 

Taylor, Allred J., New York. . 30 00 
Thomas, Edward Isaiah, Brook- 
line, Mass 30 00 

Vail, C. E., Blairstown, N. J. . 10 00 

Vanderbilt, C, New York 10 00 

Vaux, George, Bryn IMawr, Pa. 10 CO 
Vincent, J, II. (Rev.), New 

York 30 00 

Van Norden, W^arner, New 

York 43 50 

Vanderbilt, Geo. W., New York. 30 00 

Williams, Mrs. J J., Brooklyn, 

N. Y 42 50 

Winthrop, R. C, Boston 10 00 

Winthrop, Mrs. H. R., New 

York 10 00 

Williams, Thos. C, Richmond, 

Va 10 00 

Wood, Walter, Philadelphia . . 105 00 

Warren, Mrs. S. D., Boston. .. 10 CO 
Williams, Edward C., Oakland, 

Cal 30 00 

Winston, F. S., New York 30 00 

Wilson, Jas. P. (Rev.), New 

Yoik 25 00 

W'hitall, Jas., Germantown, Pa. 10 00 

Wallace, Jas. P., Brooklvn 80 00 

Waller, Julia, Bloomsburg, Pa. 25 00 
Wright, John W., Camden, N. 

J 10 00 

Whceiock, Mrs. Alice S 43 50 

White Francis, Baltimore 30 00 

V/ood, C D., Brooklyn, N. Y. 30 00 
Waloott, B. S., New York .... 42 50 
Williams, W. W. (Rev.), Balti- 
more 30 00 

Williams, Mrs. J. B., Ithaca, 

N. Y 25 00 

Whitney, W. B., Germantown, 

Pa 10 00 

Walker, Geo. L., Hartford, 

Conn 2000 



Date Due