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Full text of "Documentary history of the state of Maine .."






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Portland, Maine 



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COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

SECOND SERIES 



DOCUMENTARY 

HISTORY OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



VOL. XIV 



CONTAINING 



THE BAXTER MANUSCRIPTS 



EDITED 



By JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, A. M., Litt. D. 



PLULISHEI) BY THE MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, AIPKU BY 
APPROPRIATIONS FROM THE STATE 



PORTLAND 
L E F A \' () R - T O \y K R C OM P A N Y 

1910 



Copyright 1910 
By thk Maine Histokical Society 



Press of 
Lefavor-Tower Company, Pouti.axd 



F15 
M28d 
V. /^ 



PREFACE 



THIS volume bring us to the period of the Revolutionary 
War, a period of much interest to students of our 
history. I trust that persons having knowledge of unpub- 
lished documents relating to the subject will call my atten- 
tion to them, that I may publish them in the next volume 
should they prove of interest. 

JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER. 

61 Deering Street, 
January 12, 1910. 



495< ^93 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF CONTENTS 



1766 June 
June 



June 



lie*; 



June 
June 
Aug. 
Aug. 



Oct. 
Dec. 

Jan. 



Jan. 28 



Jan. 
Feb. 



May 
May 
June 
June 

June 

June 
June 
June 

June 



FAQS 

19 A Council in Boston 1 

20 Message, Fra Bernard 2 

Report of Committee on I'etitiun of Heury Young 

Brown, 4 

23 Resolve, on Report on Pet«i of Henry Young 

Brown, ........ 5 

24 Resolve, 6 

27 Supplies to Eastern Indians, .... 7 

11 Fras Waldo to the Surveyor General, ... 8 

18 A Council in Boston, 10 

John Cotton Esqre to Ter Powell, Enoch Free- 
man, Alexr Ross & Stephen Longfellow Esqr . 11 
2 Letter, Govr Wentworth to Gov Bernard, . 11 
8 " Enoch Freeman & Alexr Ross to Hon. A. 

Oliver, 14 

14 Petition of Inhabts of Broad Bay, ... 14 

'' Freetown, .... 16 

" " " " Muscongus & Medumcook, 17 

" " " " the Town of Andover, . 18 

' " S. Downe & M. Thornton, ... 20 

" " Nathan Jones & others, . . 21 

30 Plan Accepted, 22 

5 Resolve, 23 

Report on Petition of Capt. H. Y. Brown, . . 24 

Petition, 25 

" of Josiah Richardson, Agent, . . 26 

27 " " B. Mulliken & M. Bridges, . . 28 

30 Resolve, 29 

6 Message, 34 

11 " 30 

" Era: Bernard, 80 

12 Resolve, 31 

Act of Incorporation, 32 

13 Order 34 

17 Message, 38 

18 Letter, .John Jhown to Andrew Oliver, . . 39 
Petn of Inhabitants of Machias, ... 39 

25 Message, 41 

Report of Committee in re Township of Conway, 42 



VJll 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1767 



17G8 



Aug. 
Sept. 

Sept. 
Sept. 
Oct. 

Oct. 
Dec, 

Jan. 

Jan. 
.Jan. 



Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 

Mar. 

May 
May 

May 
June 



June 
June 

July 



July 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Sept. 



1770 Jan. 



April 
April 



PAGE 

20 Letter, Gov. Wentworth to Gov. Bernard, . 47 
10 " " " " . . 48 

" Gov. Bernard to Gov. Wentworth, . 49 

28 " " " Thos Goldthwait Esqr . 52 

29 " " " " .-,4 
12 Petition of the Officers and Soldiers of Fort Pow- 

nall together with the Inhabitants, . . 5G 

21 Letter, from Dennys De Berdt, .... 58 

30 Extracts from speech, Fra Bernard, . . o9 
Petition of Josiah Richardson, Agent for the 

Petitioners, 59 

4 Deposition of Simon Ayer, GO 

19 Message, Fra Bernard, 01 

Petition of Henry Y. Brown, .... 62 

" " John Cox, 64 

15 Resolve, 65 

10 Message, 66 

18 Extract from Message to the Governor, . . 66 

Bill for incorporating Phillipstown, . . 67 

3 Resolve passed on the Petition of Abraham 

Anderson, ....... 73 

Petition of Selectmen of Sanford, ... 68 

23 Deposition of Josiah Richardson, ... 70 

Petition of Inhabitants of Town of Windham, 70 

25 " " Inhabts of Sebascodegin Island, . 74 

1 " " the Selectmen of Gorham, . . 77 

Memorial of James Small and others. . . 78 

Report of Committee on petition of Ichabod 

Jones, 80 

7 Vote on same, 80 

15 Report of Committee on Petition of H. Y. Brown, 82 

Petition of David Bean & others, ... 83 
12 Letter, Wm. Tyng, "Sheriff of Cumberland" to 

Gov. Bernard, 84 

Letter, Dudley Carlton to Col. Goldthwait, . 84 

22 Earl of Stirling's Advertisement, ... 85 
10 Earl of Stirling to Gov. Bernard, ... 87 
30 Reply of Council to Stirling, .... 88 

7 Report of Committee appointed to take into con- 
sideration the Earl of Stirling's Letter, . 88 
Proclamation by Francis Bernard, ... 90 
10 Petition of Town of York, .... 91 
" to Govr Hutchinson by Inhabitants of 

the Fifth Township, 92 

Petition of B. MuUiken & Moody Bridges, Agents, 94 

4 Vote on petition of Ichabod Jones & others, . 95 
7 Resolve in re above petition, .... 97 



OF CONTENTS IX 

PAGE 

1770 April 9 Resolve on petition of Benjamin Mulliken and 

Moody Bridges, 98 

April 14 Resolve in re petition of Inhabitants of Cape 

Elizabeth, 99 

April -24 Report on Petition of D. Phips & others, . 99 

" " " " J. Fuller & others, . . 100 

April 26 Resolve in re Capt. Henry Young Brown, . 101 
Report of Committee in re Capt. Henry Young 

Brown, 103 

Sept. Lt. Govr's Speech, 103 

Petition of Joseph Frye, 100 

Oct. " ^' H. Eggleston, .... 107 

" & Remonstrance of S. Livermore & 

others, 108 

Oct. 30 Resolve in favor of Joseph Frye, . . . 110 
Nov. 2 " on tlie Petition of Hezekiah Egglestone, 110 
Nov. 6 " " " " " " 111 
Jonathan Longfellow's Memorial to GovJ" Hutch- 
inson, 112 

Nov. 9 Memorial of Inhabitants of Mass. Bay to Govr 
Hutchinson, 
Petition of H. Y. Brown, 
Nov. 16 Trade with Indians, 
Dec. Petition of Pondstown, 

1771 April Act relative to York Bridge, 

Act of Incorporation, 



114 
116 
117 
117 
119 
122 
124 
126 
129 
130 
131 
132 
134 
135 
136 
137 
143 



Petition in behalf of George Town, 
May 30 Extract from Speech, 
June 11 Report on Petition of S. Livermore & others, 

June 19 Message, 

June 21 Committee appointed, . 
June 24 Act of Incorporation, 

June 27 Resolve, 

Sept. 12 Report of Commissioners on Machias, 

Memorial of Arthur Savage, 
Nov. 27 Proceedings of the Council Regarding the Riot 

at Falmouth, 147 

Dec. 18 The Petition of the Proprietors of the Kennebec 

Purcliase, 149 

1772 Jan. 2 Thomas Scammcll to Gov"" Hutchinson, . . 152 

Jan. 3 Gov*" Hutchinson to the Earl of Hillsbc)rougli, . 155 
Jan. 13 Dr Franklin to Hon. Thos Gushing & Committee, 156 
Jan, 31 Govr Hutchinson to the Earl of Hillsborough, . 158 
Petition of James Chase & others, . . . 159 
April 22 Confirmation to Capt. Joshua Fuller, . . . 161 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1772 April 

April 

June 
June 

June 

June 

June 
July 

July 

Nov. 

1773 Jan. 
Mar. 

May 



June 
June 

Oct. 
Oct. 
1774 Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 



PAGE 

22 Confirmation to David Phips & others, . . 162 
Resolve, confirming Plan of Township to S. Liv- 

ermore & others, 103 

23 Resolve Confirming Grant to Hon. James Otis & 
others, 104 

Petition of the Inhabitants of Boothbay, . . 166 
Letter, Benjn Foster & others to Rev. James 

Lyon, 172 

8 Petition of Benjamin Poster and others, . . 173 
Answer of Rev. James Lyon, .... 174 

10 Memorial of J. Wyman & others, . , . 175 

Sam' March's Petition, 177 

17 Objection against the Petition, .... 179 

7 Act of Incorporation, 181 

Memorial of the Associated Ministers of Yorli, 182 

9 Answer, 183 

An Act to encourage the Preaching of the Gospel, 185 

13 Govr Hutchinson to the Earl of Dartmouth, . 180 
Petition of members of the Church of England, 188 

8 " " Selectmen of Winthrop, . . .190 
'• " Members of the Church of England, 191 

31 " " Selectmen of North Yarmouth, . 194 

Deposition of Stephen Holt, .... 195 

Petition of James Miller and others, . . 196 

14 Act of Incorporation, 199 

15 " " " 200 

Petition of Noah Johnson & others, . . . 202 

23 Deposition of Benjn Holt, .... 205 

20 Govr Hutchinson to Lord Dartmouth. . . 206 

8 DepositionofCapt. Joseph Baker and John Knox, 208 

18 The Memorial of Samuel Freeman, . . . 208 

25 Petition of William Elder, 210 

26 " "■ Timothy Walker, .... 212 
" " Inhabts of Freetown, . . . .216 
" " Joseph Josselyn, .... 217 

5 Resolve, 219 

Petition of Sam' Whittemore & Amos Lawrence, 220 

8 Henry Young Brown, 222 

16 Account Allowed, 225 

Act of Incorporation, 226 

Petition of John Gardner & others, . . . 229 

Report on the Petition of Seth Sweetsir & others, 230 

May 16 Petition of John Brown & others, . . . 231 

June 3 Boothbay Petition, 233 

June 11 Resolve, 232 

June 15 " that petition in behalf of Town of Booth- 
bay be granted, 234 



Feb. 

Feb. 
Feb. 



OF CONTENTS 



XI 



1774 June 

1775 Mar. 
Mar. 
April 
April 
April 



20 Resolves passed by the Town of Buxton, 

Bond given by Dumr Sewall and Jordan Parker, 
Damariscotta Resolves, etc., . . . . 
29 Letter from J. Brown, 



6 " Silvester Gardiner to Dr. John McLeeline, 
26 ■' from the Selectmen of Falmouth, 

29 " from II. Mowatt, 

" of Samuel Thompson, . . . . 

May 3 " from Brunswick, 

May 5 Extracts from Letter of lion. Enoch Freeman, . 
May Order in re Masts &c., 

Letter from Dumnier Sewall, . . . . 
May 10 " •' Edwd Parry, 



PAGK 

235 
236 
237 
238 
242 
242 
243 
243 
244 
245 
246 
247 
247 
249 



'' Edwd Parry to the President of the Dele- 
gates of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 

May 14 Letter from Falmouth Commie of Correspond- 
ence to the Provincial Congress, . 

May 15 Letter from Col. Jedidiah Preble to The Commee 

of Safety at Cambridge, 

Letter to the Eastern Indians, .... 

May 20 "of Committee to Gen'l Preble, . 

May 22 " from Abiel Wood to the Commie for the 
County of Lincoln, ..... 

May 23 Letter from Mr. Dummer Sewall in behalf of the 
County Committee at Georgetown, . 

May 27 Letter from Partridgefield to the Provincial 
Congress, 

May 29 Letter from William Shirreff, D. Q. M. G., 

May 30 Agreement between Maj. William Sherriff 
D. Q. M. G. and Ephraim Perkins, . 
Letter from William Shirreff, .... 



June 3 



to the Comm«*^ for the 



249 

2.50 

253 
254 

256 

258 
259 

261 

262 

263 
264 
264 



" Winslow 

County of Lincoln, 265 

Acot. of taking a sloop belonging to Arundel, . 266 
Letter from the Committee of Waldoborough to 

the Committee at Pownalborough, . . 267 

June 7 Letter from Penobscot to the Provincial Congress, 268 

Petition of Edw'i Parry, 269 

June 9 Letter from John Lane, 270 

" " Elihu Hewes, 271 

Deposition of Samuel Smith, .... 273 

Provincial Congress, 274 

Deposition of Ebenr Whilticr, .... 274 

Report on Jones & Uicks, 275 

June 10 Letter from Elihu Ilewes, .... 277 



xu 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1775 June 14 Extract of a letter from Hon. Eonch Freeman, , 
June 14 Account of the Capture of the King's Cutter at 

Machias, 

Letter from Jedidiah Preble & Enoch Freeman, 
June 17 " Letter from the Com tee of Machias relative to 
fitting out an Arm'd Vessel — & Report there- 
on accepted," 

June 23 Answer to Petition from Belfast, etc.. 



PAGE 

278 



280 
283 



283 
284 



Receipt, 285 



June 
June 

July 
July 
July 
July 

July 
July 



July 
Aug. 



Sept. 
Sept. 
Oct. 

Oct. 



Oct. 



Nov. 
Nov. 
Dec. 
1776 Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 

Jan. 
Jan. 



Report on John Lane's Account, 

Resolve in re John Lane, .... 

26 " " Machias petition, 

28 Letter from Committee of Biddeford, . 

Report on petition of Thos Donnell & others, 
8 Letter from Bowdoinham, . • . 

19 Stephen Jones' conduct justilied, 

22 Letter from Stephen Jones, . . . , 

24 " James Warren Esq., .... 
J. A. to Mrs. Abigail Adams, . . . . 

25 Report, 

28 Address to the Continental Congress, 



286 
286 
286 
288 
290 
290 
292 
293 
293 
294 
295 
296 
297 
297 
298 
299 
300 
300 
302 
304 
305 
805 
310 
315 



Representation of Bristol, ... 

29 Report on petition of D. Scott & others, 

3 Order, 

Bond given by John Hobby and Obe Hubbs, 
Report on Examination of Edward Parry, 
Account, 

5 Lord Dartmouth to Major Geni Howe, . 

9 Letter from Joseph Simpson, 
Accounts of Losses sustained at Falmouth, 
Letter from Committee of Safety at Machias, 

20 Orders, 

Account of Loss & Damage sustained by Elisha 

Snow, 315 

24 Memorial of Comee of Safety of N. Yarmouth & 

New Glocester, 316 

Letter from Jerh Powell, 319 

Report, 320 

14 Letter to Geni Frye, 321 

21 Report in re Seaports 321 

6 Letter from Haunce Robinson & Wra. Walton, 322 

15 " " Stephen Parker to Gen. Washington, 322 

10 Copy of Letter from Stephen Parker to Christo- 

pher Prince " Enclosed to Gen' Washington," 324 

18 Copy of Receipt, 326 

19 Letter from James Lyon, 326 



OF CONTENTS 



Xlll 



PAGE 

1776 Jan. 19 Letter to the Coiumittee of Safety at Machias, . 327 
Feb. 1 Ld George Germain to Majr Geni Howe, . 328 

Loss at Majorbagwaduce, 331 

Feb. 3 Petition of Nathan Jones, .... 332 

Letter from William Cutter, .... 333 

Feb. 16 Report m re Petition of Nathan Jones, . . 323 

" on the letter of M. Lyon of Machias, . 334 

Feb. 20 Deposition of Jeremiah Ward we 11, . . . 335 

Letter from Edw** Parry, 33.5 

Mar. 11 " " Selectmen for Sturbridge to Capt, 

Timothy Parker, 

Mar. 19 Letter from Timothy Pickering, . 

Mar. 20 " " Major Daniel Ilsley, 

Mar. 28 " " the Committee of Brunswick, 

May 2 Report in respect to Powder, .... 

May 7 Extract from Letter of General Howe to Lord 

George Germain, .... 

May 11 Petition of Stephen Parker, 
May 13 Letter from " 

May 24 Complaint against Rev. Jacob Bailey, 
May 25 Letter from the Committee at Machias, 
May 27 " " Hon. Charles Chauncey, 
May 28 Bond of Rev. Jacob Bailey, . 
May 29 Representatives at Watertown, York Co., 
June 4 Letter from James Sullivan, 

'■'• " Committees of Newbury, Haverhill, 

Bath, etc., 

June 8 Report, . , 

June 9 Letter from the Committee of Machias . 

June 19 " " Benj. Austin, 

June 20 " " William Loud, .... 
June 25 " " lion. James Bowdoin, 
June 30 " " '' ... 

Aug. 3 Subscriptions in re the Canada Expedition, 
Aug. 9 Letter from Timothy Langdon, 

" " Col. Jon: Mitchell, . 
Aug. 16 " " Thomas Fletcher, 
Aug. 20 " " Major Dani Ilsley, . 
Aug. 22 " " Thos Rice, ... 
Aug. 28 " " Francis Shaw, . 
Sept. 3 " " James McCobb, 
Sept. 7 Report on Taxes, ..... 

Letter from James Lyon, .... 
Oct. 4 Certilicate, in re Major Daniel Ilsley, . 
Oct. 11 Petition of Majr Dani Ilsley, . 
Oct. 15 Extract of a letter, .... 



336 
337 
338 
339 
340 

342 
343 
346 
349 
350 
352 
352 
354 
366 

356 
358 
368 
359 
360 
361 
362 
365 
366 
366 
367 
369 
373 
374 
377 
378 
379 
385 
386 
387 



XIV 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1776 Oct. 

Oct. 

Oct. 



Nov. 



Nov. 



Nov. 



1777 



Nov. 


16 


Nov. 


27 


Dec. 


4 


Dec. 


9 


Dec. 


23 


Jan. 


3 


Jan. 


23 


Jan. 


27 


Feb. 


14 


Feb. 


16 


April 


25 


May 


21 


May 


22 


May 


27 


May 


30 


June 


4 


June 


5 



19 Order, respecting the purchase of cloth for 

Troops, 388 

23 Report, 388 

28 Copy of record, Rev. Jacob Bailey's Case, . 389 
Rev. Mr. Bailey's reasons for not reading the 

Declaration of Independence, .... 390 
Report of Selectmen of Town of Falmouth, . 894 
3 Letter, Jon* Eddy to the Committee of the Town- 
ship of Machias, .,.,.. 394 
Letter, Jon^ Eddy to Capt Stephen Smith, . 395 

12 " " " the Honbl Council & Assely 

at Boston, 396 

13 Petition of the Committee for the County of 

Cumberland, ...... 

16 Letter from Charles Cushing, 



June 
June 
June 
June 



'• " William Tupper, . 
" " Roland Cushing, 

" Noah Moton Littlefield, 
" Col. Jona Mitchell, . 
" " William Lithgow Junr, 
" " Joseph Dimuck, 
" " Col. Ebenr Francis, 
" " the Council to Gov. Nicholas Cook, 

" " John Preble, 

" " Selectmen & Commee of Safety for 

Winslow, 

16 Letter from Ezekiel Pattee, 

" " Tristram Jordan, .... 

" " Jona Lowder, 

" " Jonas Mason, .... 

" " Col. Josiah Brewer, 

" J. Allan, 

'■ J. Allen (Allan), . . . . 
Report upon Mr. Hancock's letter and the Peti- 
tion of the Comtee of Machias, 
Report of Committee appointed to consider 

papers relative to David Thatcher Esqr . 
Report of the Committee appointed to consider 
the Accots of John Allen Esq., 
6 Letter from Francis Shaw, ..... 
7 
12 
18 



June 20 



Saml Jordan Esq., 
Charles Chauncey Esq., 
Col. J. Allan, 
George Stillman, 
Col. Moses Little, . 



396 
397 
399 
399 
400 
400 
401 
402 
403 
405 
405 

407 
409 
410 
411 
412 
413 
414 
418 

419 

422 

422 
424 
425 
426 
426 
436 
437 



to John Allan Esq., 437 



OF CONTENTS 



XV 



1777 



June 25 

July 4 
July 18 
July 14 
July 16 
July 16 



from Jona Warner, 
" Francis Shaw, . 
" Col. Alexr Campbell, 
" Meshech Weare, 
" Francis Shaw, 
" Meshech Weare, 



PAGE 

438 
. 439 

440 
. 442 

443 
. 448 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



STATE OK MAINK 



At a Council held at the Council Chamber in Boston, on 
Thursday y« 19"' June 1766 — 

Present in Council His Excels the Governor 
Sam^ Danforth James Russell Isaac Royall 

Thomas Flucker Benj* Lincoln Nath^^ Ropes 

John Erving Esq"" John Bradbury W'" Brattle 
Royall Tyler Esq""^ Gam' Bradford Samuel White 
Tho« Hubbard Jer : Powell Harr" Gray 

James Pitts 

His Excellency acquainted the Board that the EstabUsh- 
ment made in the present Session of the General Court, for 
Castle William, & Fort Pownall had been laid before him ; 
l)y which Establishment the Garrisons of those two Fortresses 
are so reduced, that he apprehends them to be unsafe, while 
they are thus weakened and therefore cannot give his Con- 
sent thereto and desired the Advice of the Board on this 
Occasion — 

The Board thereupon unanimously declared that llicir con- 
curring the House in the said Reduction, was not because 
tliey really approved of it, but because tliey tlio't it better to 
have siiiallcr Garrisons at those places, than none at all, and 
tlicrcupon uiiaiiitiiDUsly — 

Advised that his Excellency represent the true State of 
the Case in a Message to the House of Representatives and 



2 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

move them to reconsider tlie said Establishment, and place 
such respectable Garrisons, in those two Fortresses as shall 
be a sufficient Protection to them — 

A true Copy from the Council Minute Book 

Attest : A Oliver Sec"^ 



Message. June W^ 1766 

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives. 

Having had laid befor_ me your Resolution for the Estab- 
lishment of the Garrisons of his Majesty^ Fortresses, Castle 
William and Fort Pownall, for the year ensuing, I have com- 
municated to his Majesty's Council my reasons why I cannot 
consent to any Reduction of the Garrison of the former, nor 
so great a reduction of the Garrison of the latter, which I 
perswade my self have been deemed conclusive by them, and 
would be so by every one, who is really acquainted with the 
State of those Fortresses. 

As you did not consult me, the Captain General, on a pro- 
posal tending so greatly to render those Fortresses, for the 
Security of which I am answerable, weak and insecure, I did 
not intend to trouble you with my Sentiments on this Occa- 
sion. But the Council having unaminously joined with me 
in concern at and disapprobation of this injudicious Measure, 
and having given their Advice that I should endeavour to 
divert it, by recommending to you a reconsideration of this 
Business, I cannot refuse complying with their request, and 
tlierefore do earnestly recommend to you, that you would 
fully and seriously reconsider this business before it is out of 
your Power to alter your late Resolutions. 

I always have had, and have continually expressed a Desire 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 6 

that the two royal Fortresses, wliich have been committed to 
the Government of this Province, should be continued to it ; 
I have considered it as a Trust reflecting great honour on the 
Province, at no great expence ; and I have always intended 
to use my little Influence to obtain the Continuance of this 
Trust, whenever any new regulations should require an 
interest for that Purpose. 

But Gentlemen, this will be impracticable, if you will not 
make Provisions for sufficient Garrisons for those Fortresses ; 
at least my Mouth must be shut, unless I can give it as my 
Opinion that you have made such Provision ; which it will 
be impossible for me to do, if you make any reduction at 
Castle William, or a reduction greater than six or eight Pri- 
vates at Fort Pownall. 

If you are desirous of saving the Expence of these Garri- 
sons, your best way will be to surrender the Forts directly 
rather than to give them up indirectly by withdrawing the 
Garrisons by piece-meal. The greatest Inconvenience of this 
purpose will be the uneasiness it will create among the Peo- 
ple : for which reason I shall do all I can to prevent it ; and 
I think so ought you. 

If you will enable me to keep these Fortresses by renew- 
ing the present Establishment of the Castle, and reducing 
that of Fort Pownall no lower than I have before mentioned, 
I will use my utmost endeavours that they shall be contin- 
ued to this Government. But if you will put it out of my 
Power to retain these Fortresses, I desire it may be remem- 
bered that neither I nor the Council have spared Pains to 
prevent this unadvisable Reduction taking effect, at this time. 

I sent you at the same Time a Copy of the Minutes of tlie 
Advice of Council given to me upon tliis Occasion, whicli you 
will [jcrceive to be unanimous in a full (council 

Fra lieinard 

Council Chamber, .June 20^'' 17(J() 



4 DOCUlStENTART HISTORY 

Report of Committee. 

The Committee to whom was Reffered the petition of Cap* 
Henry Young Brown having attended that Service and find 
that he purchased a Township of this Province in the year 
1764 and that he Lay*^ out the same according to order and 
presented a plan of the Same for acceptance & which was 
accepted and the Lands therein was Confirmed to him his 
heirs and assigns for Ever on the 7''*^ of June 1764 he com- 
plying with the Conditions of the Grant which we find he 
hath done the Committee also find that he hath made Con- 
siderable Improvements and would have made much Greater 
had he not been disturbed by the Government of New hamp- 
shire who Clames almoste the whole of s^ ToAvnship by a 
Line they have Run from the N E Branch of Salmon falls 
River that Persons Claming under New hampshire have Lay'^ 
out a Considerable part of s*^ Land into Lotts and that the 
petitioner and two of his Settlers are now Sued - Actions of 
Ejectment which actions are now depending in the province 
of New hampshire for Land lying on the Eastwardly part of 
their Claim the Com"*^ also find that the Line Run by the 
Committee from this province Last March from the head of 
the Main Branch of Salmon falls River Takes off Eight 
Thousand five hundred and forty four acres of the west Side 
of s*^ Brovras To\vnship the Committee also find that the 
General Court Last Nov"" Ordered the petitioner to Go for- 
ward with his Settlement & Improvement in s** Township 
and if any person Should attempt to Lay out any of the 
Lands in s*^ Town or make any Settlement there the said 
petitioner Should warn them against it and give Information 
to this Court who Engag'^ to Rehve him in Such manner as 
Should be thought Best begg Leave to Report that the peti- 
tioner be and hereby is Directed to defend all actions that 
are or Shall be Brought against him for Lands he purchesed 
of this province to the Eastward of the afores** Line Run by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 6 

order of this Court Last March at the Expence of this prov- 
ince he beiug Directed to do his Endeavour to git all actions 
against him or those under him Continued untill a final Set- 
tlement of the Line between the province of New hampshire 
and the province of Main So called that the petitioner be 
directed to prosecute at the Expence of this province such 
person or persons that have or Shall enter on S** Land under 
the Title of New hampshire to the Eastward of the Line Run 
Last March by order of this Court he the petitioner following 
the orders of this Court Relitive theretoo that he have Lib- 
erty to draw out of the province Tresury Twenty pounds for 
that use & purpose he to be accountable for the Same, And 
that there also be Granted unto the petitioner Eight thousand 
five hundred and forty four acres of Lands adjoyning to the 
Eastwardly part of his Township or to either of the two 
other Townships Lay'^' out at or near pigwacket So Called 
one Lay*^ out To Col° Jos. Frye the other to the propriators 
of Rowley Cannedy he to Give Bonds to the province Tres- 
urer to Settle the Same with Eighteen familyes in Six years 
from the Confirmation of a plan of s'^ Land which he - to 
Return for acceptance in one year that s'^ petitioner Give a 
full discharge from any farther demands on this Government 
for the afores*^ Eight thousand five hundred and forty four 
acres taken off of the West Side of his Township by the 
above s^ Line Run by order of this Court 
al which is humbly Submitted by 

Joseph Gerrish p"" order 

Resolve. 

On the Report of the Committee on the Pet" of Henry 
Young Brown 
In the House of Representatives June 2-3 17 GO 

Resolved that there be granted to the Petitioner Eight 
thousand five hundred & forty four Acres of Land adjoyning 



6 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to the Eastwarclly Part of his Township or to either of the 
two other Townships laid out at or near Pigwackett so called, 
one laid out to Coll° Joseph Fry, the other to the Town of 
Rowley Canada he giving Bond to the Province Treasurer to 
settle the same with Eighteen familys in six years from the 
Confirmation of a Plan of said Town which he is to return 
for Acceptance in one year And also giving a full Discharge 
from any further Demands on this Government for the Afore- 
said Quantity of 8544 Acres taken off from his West Side of 
his Town by the Line run by order of this Court 

Sent up for Concurrence T. Cushing Spk'' 

In Council June 25"' 1766 Read & Concur"" 

Jn° Cotton D Secry 

Consented to Fra Bernard 



Resolve. 

In the House of Representatives June 24 1766 

On the further Consideration of the report of the Com**'*' 
upon the Pet" of Henry Young Brown 

Resolved that the Pef be & hereby is directed to defend 
all Actions that are or shall be bro* against him for Lands 
purchased of this Province to the Eastward of the Line run 
by Order of this Court last March, at the Expence of this 
Province ; he being directed to do his Endeavor to get all 
Actions against him or those under him continued till the 
final Settlement of the Line run between the Province of 
New Hampshire & the Province of Main so called, and that 
the Pef be directed to prosecute, at the Expence of this 
Province, such Person or Persons as have or shall enter on 
said Land under the Title of New Hampshire to the East- 
ward of the Line run last March by Order of this Court ; he 
following the Directions of this Court relative thereto. And 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 7 

that he have Liberty to draw out of the Treasury of the 
Province Twenty Pounds for that Purpose for whicli he is to 
be accountable 

Sent up for Concurrence T. Gushing Spk'' 

In Council June 25'^ 1766, Read & Concurred 

Jn*^ Cotton D Secry 

Consented to Fra Bernard 



Supplies to Eastern Indians. 1766. 

Anno Regni Regis Georgii Tertii Sexto 

An Act for reviving and Continuing an Act made in Fourth 
year of his present Majestys Reign entitled an Act for Allow- 
ing Necessary Supplies to the Eastern Indians and for regu- 
lating tlie Tread with them ; and preventing Abusses therein 

Whereas An Act made in the Fourth Year of his present 
Majestys Reign intitled An Act for Continuing & Amending 
An Act for Allowing Necessary Supplies to the Eastern 
Indians and for Regulating the Tread with them and for 
preventing Abusses therein, has been found Usefull & Bene- 
ficial and is Now Expired 

Be it therefore Enacted by the Govenor, Council & House 
of Representatives, that the said Act, in all & every Article 
& Clause, Matter and thing, be and is hereby revived, and 
shall be in force untill y^ Thirtieth of June which will be in 
the Year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred & sixty 
seven. 
In the House of Representatives. 

June 27 1766 Read a first time 

June 27, 1766 Read a second Time 

Read a third time & passd to be engi-ossd 
Sent up for Conciirrcaice 



8 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Council June 28, 1766 

Read a first time 

Read a second time and passed a concurrence to be 
engrossed 

A Oliver Secy 



Fra^ Waldo to the Surveyor General 

Falmouth W^ August 1766 — 
Sir 

On the 7^^ Currant about 11 Clo. AM. in consequence of 
an Information, we the Collector and Comptroller of this 
Port went to the House of Enoch Ilsley Shopkeeper, & after 
Searching it, demanded the key of a Store belonging to him, 
but that not being granted we proceeded to spring the Lock 
of said Store, in presence of Alex"^ Ross Esq"^ a Magistrate, 
who attended in obedience to a Writ of Assistance shewn 
him by the said Collector, thereupon seven hogsheads, & one 
small Tierce of Sugar, & part of a hogshead, & part of a 
Tierce ditto, three hogsheads of Rum & 2 Ullages of ditto, 
were Seized and marked ( with the T ) by us the Collector 
& Compt' and a lock then put on the said Store. Hereupon 
it became our endeavour to procure a proper place to remove 
the Goods into, as likewise Trucks and Horses for hailing 
them, but every person to whom we applied, either refused, 
or were so backward that we could not obtain either. 

The same Evening about 6, Clo. upon hearing that a res- 
cue of the Goods was intended, we acquainted the aforemen- 
tioned Magistrate thereof in writing, and requested his 
Support & assistance ( he being the only one then in Town ) 
thereupon he granted us his Warrant directed to the Sheriff 
and his Deputys requiring them to assist us. After enquiring 
for the Sheriff we fomid he was at a considerable distance 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 9 

from the Town- by this time ( 7 Clo ) numbers of people 
were assembled round the dwelling House of the said Ilsley 
in passing whom when in a quest of a Deputy Sheriff we 
Rec'' some small Insult from, and having found the Deputy 
Sheriff To' Noyes we committed the said Warrant to him, 
and enjoyned him to do the needful to prevent a rescue of 
the Goods. Night coming on and people assembling in great 
numbers we went to the Dwelling House of the Comptroller 
being in the neighbourhood of the said Ilsleys and soon 
experienced the violence of the Mob, the House being beset 
and pelted with Clubs & Stones by intermissions until 10, or 
^ past 10 Clock when they dispersed it being said that in 
that time the aforementioned Goods were carried awa^^ by 
persons unknown and disguised— the Morning following 
about 9 Clock the Collector having visited the said Store 
accordingly found all the said Goods missing, and in pres- 
ence of Benj* Wait Esq'^ enquired of said Ilsley whether he 
knew by whom they were taken away, but his Answer was 
that he did not, he being sick and confined to his House — 
the aforementioned Deputy Sheriff declares that he was for- 
cibly borne away by the Mob, his pockets Rifled and the 
Warrant taken away & he prevented from doing his duty. 

Upon the best information we can git a considerable part 
of the Town were active in the said Rescue, and we con- 
ceive it becomes our duty to inform that we think ourselves 
unsafe at present, and that it is out of our power to carry 
the, Laws of Trade into Execution without some other sup- 
port than what we at present have. 

We are very respectfully Sir 

Your most obed*^ Humble Servants 

Fra" Waldo Collec* 
Ar. Savage Compt' 

Copy 

Exam'' p Jn*' Cotton D. Sccry 



10 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

At a Council held at the Council Chamber in Boston upon 
Monday the 18"' day of August 17G6. 

Present 
His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq^ Governor — 
James Bowdoin Tho* Flucker Tho^ Hubbard Esq'' 

Royall Tyler Esq'' Harrison Gray Andrew Belcher 

James Russell James Pitts 

His Excellency laid before the Board a Letter from the 
Surveyor General with a representation of some riotous pro- 
ceedings in rescuing seven hogsheads & one Tierce and part 
of an hogshead & part of a tierce of Sugar, and three hogs- 
heads & two Ullages of Rum from the officers of his 
Majesty's Customs in Falmouth in the County of Cumber- 
land which they had Seized & marked as forfeited to his 
Majesty. The Council proceeded to Advise on the business 
and thereupon — 

Advised that a Proclamation be issued with a Reward of 
Fifty pounds for discovering the offenders or any of them, 
wherein the Civil officers are called upon to support & main- 
tain the officers of the Customs in the recovery of said 
Goods, and in all matters relative thereto in the due execu- 
tion of their office, and also to use their utmost endeavours 
for discovering apprehending and bring to Justice the said 
offenders — And further — 

Advised, That a Letter be wrote to Tere Powell, Enoch 

Freeman, Alex' Ross & Stephen Longfellow Esq' Justices of 

the peace for the County of Cumberland directing them to 

meet and consult together, and do what is proper as soon as 

may be in this business, and make Return of their doings 

therein as soon as may be. 

Copy Exam"^ 

p Jn° Cotton D. Secry 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 11 

John Cotton Esq''^ to Ter Powell, Enoch Freeman, Alex'' 
Koss & Steplien Longfellow Esq"^ 

Boston August 18"' 176G 
Gentlemen 

By Order of his Excellency the Governor with the Advice 
of the Council, I now send you a Proclamation this day 
issued which was occasioned by some late Riotous proceed- 
ings in the County of Cumberland, with directions that you 
do immediately upon Receipt thereof meet together, or as 
many of you as can conveniently, and consult upon the most 
vigirous measures for carrying the intention of the said 
Proclamation into Execution. 

You are therefore to take such Measures as you shall think 
most requisite for the Recovery of the Goods which have 
been unlawfully taken out of the possession of the Custom 
House officers, and in supporting them in the due Execu- 
tion of their office on this occasion, and also in suppressing 
any further Riotous proceedings and in apprehending and 
securing all offenders, and make Return of your proceedings 
in this enquiry as soon as may be, and of the names of any 
of the offenders that may be discovered to you. 

Signed Jn° Cotton D Secry 

A true Copy 

Attest : Jn" Cotton D. Secry 



Letter, Gov"" Wentworth to Gov'' Bernard 2 Oct. 1760. 

Sir 

I liavc had the Honor to receive your Letter of the 10"' 
September. The dilliculty in procuring Copies has hitherto 
prevented ray acknowledging it. Herewith is inclosed 
according to your Excellencys request Copys of the various 
plans & Pvccords whicli together with the opinion of the 



12 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Council & M' Bryent's Deposition forwarded the 10'''' 
Instant, have induced me to judge the Lands now in ques- 
tion are clearly within the bounds of this Province. I pre- 
sume they will procure equal certainty where may be consid- 
ered. As many of these papers apply immediately to the 
respective positions of your Excellencys Letter, I do not 
trouble you with further reasons thereon. Upon enquiry I 
arn informed that the late Gov'' Wentworth always declined 
appointing any Committee to join in running this Line again 
or in any way to consider the propriety of it, supposing it a 
matter by no means either disputable after being determined 
and markt by Royal Authority and the unexceptionable 
practice of both Provinces thereon, for so many years : Or if 
any uncertainty cou'd possibly remain, that He cou'd in 
faithfulness to the Crown take any such Measure. Indeed 
M"" Wentworth did consent that Bryant shou'd attend the 
Committee of the Mass*^ Bay to show them and renew the 
Marks on the Line he run, merely out of Civility & just 
respect to your Letters — but by no means giving or intend- 
ing any Authority to him. CoP Wentworth went upon simi- 
lar terms : but without any particular official knowledge of 
the intent of the Committee, or that his presence or absence 
was material to either Province. I therefore beg leave to 
observe that Col° Wentworth or M' Bryent cannot be con- 
sidered as a Committee for this Province, who have no right 
or power to appoint any — The property being Royal ; Or 
for his Majesty, as the Governor never did or wou'd admit 
it to require or even bear a reconsideration from him, after 
the Line was so authentically surveyed, markd, recorded 
and acted upon so long and without Exception. 

In compliance with your Excellency's desire I have hith- 
erto defer'd any executive measures ; but must very soon 
proceed to a positive preservation of the Kings property, nor 
suffer it to be taken by mere supposition, without his Com- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 13 

mand: This is not practicable against a subject; at least 
not acceded to. I find it the more necessary as Cap* Brown 
and others have threatned the Grantees under the Crown 
with personal Arrests and to hurry them to Boston, for 
judicial process; that wou'd be ruinous, even if their prop- 
erty in the Land was preserved : Such poor Settlers you are 
sensible Sir, cannot bear the time & expence of distant 
Suits ; I was very happy that your Excellency's desire con- 
firmed my earnest inclination to prevent any violences or 
unnecessary interruption of the Borderers, and conclude that 
Cap* Brown's precipitation is unknown to your Excellency 
whose ready benevolence I am convinced woud powerfully 
plead against such severity; especially during an enquiry, 
which might be hoped woukl determine the Case, without 
Calamity. Since this matter has been considered again, this 
Government appear determined to prosecute the Execution 
of the judgment in Council, that decrees the Cost to be 
equally paid by both Provinces. What the result may be is 
uncertain : perhaps the two miles observed / heretofore / to 
be by accident lost to this Province may be restored to them, 
if it is bro't before his Majesty in Council. I have omitted 
sending the paragraph in my Commission as it is verbatim, 
the same as in the 85"' Instruction to the late Governor 
Wentvvorth, respecting the Line; However I will yet send it 
if it is tlio't to any purpose. 

I shall be obliged, if your Excellency wou'd inform me, 
when this matter is sent home, unless upon perusing the 
Copies &c It is intirely dismiss'd, wliich I am inclined to 
expect: That I may also transmit such Evidence as n)ay 
expedite tlie affair. 

I am witli great esteem and respect Sir 
Your most obedient Immble Servant 

J. Wentworth 



14 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter^ Enoch Freeman cf* Alex^ Hoss to Hon. A. Oliver 

Falmouth Dec'^ 8*" 1766 
Sir 

Last Night we receiv'd Your Honour's Letter of 2"'^ Inst* 
with a Prockmation relative to One Joseph Andrews (alias 
Saunders) committing a Murder on One Cap* Dorria &c ; 
we have made Enquiry, and find that one David Stickney 
arived here above a month ago from S* Eustatia in the West 
Indies, that he brought with him three Passengers viz* One 
Man and two Boyes, Said Stickney Sail'd again for the West 
Indies about a week ago ; it is reported that the man said he 
belonged to Boston, and presently after arival here, he & 
one of the Boyes, departed hence in a Sloop, but we have no 
Information where they went, the other Boy went in a 
Schooner, James Witridge Master bound to S* Vincents in 
the West Indies - 

If we can possibly find out the Murderer, his Excellency 
and Your Honour may depend on our Utmost Endeavours 
to have him Apprehended and Secured for Tryal — 

We are Your Honour's Most huni^ Servants 

Enoch Freeman 
Alex'' Ross 

Petition of Inhab*^ of Broad Bay. 1767. 

Province of the Massachusets Bay 

To his Excellency Francis Bernard Esq'' Governour &c 
The Hon''"' his Majesty* Council & House of Represent- 
atives in General Court Assembled Jan^ 14*^ 1767 
The Petition of the Inhabitants of a Plantation Called 
Broad Bay in the County of Lincoln Humbly Sheweth 

That Frankfort in the west side of Pownalborough in said 
County the Place where the Courts of General Sessions of 
the Peace & Inferiour Court of Common Pleas are now held 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 15 

is Very near the Westren side of said County & Quite 
Remote from by far the Greatest Part of the Inhabitants of 
said County & that there are but a Very few Houses near 
said Place in which People who have nesesary business at 
said Courts can have Lodging and Entertainment so that a 
Great Part of the People during their Nesesary attendance 
on said Courts are much distressed for Nesesarys and are 
Oblidged to lodge on a floor or in Barns or set all night by 
the fire during their whole stay at said Courts — Wherefore 
Your Petitioners humbly Pray Your Excellency & Honours 
that said Courts may be Removed to the Eastren side of 
Pownalborough aforesaid which is much nearer to the Center 
of said County both as to land and Inhabitants and where 
those who have Business at said Courts may be sufficiently 
Provided for there being a sufficient Number of Houses there 
in which to Entertain and lodge them and for the Reasons 
aforesaid if Pownalborough should be Divided into two Dis- 
tinct Towns agreable to a Petition as we understand now 
before your Excellency & Honours for that Purpose we hum- 
bly Pray that what is now the Eastren side of Pownalborough 
may be made the Shire Town of said County it being a Place 
well Situated for the Court to be held at and your Peti- 
tioners as in Duty Bound Shall ever Pray &c, — 
Johannes David John Martin Schoeifer Char^ Leissner 
Martin Gottfried Paul Ksihor Johannes 

Johannes J M Jacol) 

Jacob Johannes Jacob Jacob Ludwig 

Gr Jonathan Robbins J Ludwig Frcidrich Winclienboch 
J Carll G S 

hig his 

M David X Kubler John X Johannes 

mark mark his 

Jolui Jost Oberlach Martin John Henry X P JoIkiiuu's 

M Will M "'''''frcidrich 

Jacob M G M 

Jacoh) Johannes W™ Farnsworth Ezra Pitclicr Jii'' 

George Storer M Storcr 



16 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of the Inha¥^ of Freetown 1767. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq"" Governour &c 
The hon^'** his Majesty* Council the House of Represent- 
atives in General Court Assembled Jan^ 14*'' 1767 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of a Plantation Called 
Freetown in the County of Lincoln Humbly Sheweth 

That Frankfort in the West side of Pownalborough in said 
County the Place where the Court of General Sessions of the 
Peace and Inferiour Court of Common Pleas are now held is 
very near the Westren side of said County and Quite remote 
from by far the greatest part of the Inhabitants of said County 
and that there are but a very few Houses near said Place in 
which People who have Nesesary business at said Courts can 
have Lodgino' and Entertainment so that a Great Part of the 
People during their Nesesary attendance on said Courts are 
oblidged to lodge on a floor or in Barns or sit all Night by 
the lire during their whole stay at said Courts — Wherefore 
your Petitioners humbly Pray your Excellency & Honours 
that said Courts may be removed to the Estren side of Pow- 
nalborough aforesaid which is much nearer the Center of said 
County both as to land and Inhabitants and where those who 
have Business at said Courts may be sufficiently Provided 
for there being a sufficient Number of Houses there in which 
to Entertain and lodge them and for the Reasons aforesaid if 
Pownalborough should be Divided into two Distinct Towns 
agreeable to a Petition as we understand now before your 
Excellency &b Honours for that Purpose we humbly Pray 
that what is now the Eastren side of Pownalborough may be 
made the Shire Town of said County it being a Place well 
situated for the Courts to be held at and your Petitioners as 
in duty bound shall ever Pray &c 
William X William CKfford Abner Day 

John lot Colby Nicolus Canady 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



IT 



John Leeman 
Ebenezer Dow 
Solomon G 
Solomon Trask 
Samuel Trask 
James Chase 
Solomon 
Nathaniel Breed 
Joshua Cross 
James 

Jeremiah Dal ton 
Joseph 



Joseph Trask 
Solomon 
Asel 

John gray 
Abel Colby 
Samuel Webber 

Allen 
James Richards 
Joseph Richards 
Joseph Brown 
Patrick Kenney 

Webster 



D 

John Cuningham 
William Cuningham 
Solomon Laighton 
Benjamin Laighton 
Simeon Pearl 
David 

Samuel Trask Ju'^ 
Benjamin Allbee 
Thomas Trask 
Daniel Webster 
Ed Hatch 



Petition of Inha¥^ of Muscongus cf Medumcook 1767. 

Province of the Massachusets Bay 

To his Excellency Francis Bernard Esq'' Governour &c 
The Hon^'^"^ his Majesty^ Council & House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled Jan^ 14'^^ 1767 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Plantations C'allcd 
Muscongus & Madumcook in the County of Lincoln 
Humbly Sheweth 

That Frankfort in the West side of Pownalborongli in said 
County the Place where the Courts of General Sessions of 
the Peace & Inferiour Court of Common Pleas are now hold 
is very near the Westren side of said County & Quite Remote 
from by far tlie (Jreatest Part of tlie Liliubitants of said 
County & that there are but a very few Houses near said 
Place in which People wlio have nescsary Business at said 
Courts can have Lodging & Entertainment so that a Great 
Part of Liu; I'cople duiiug tlicir iicsesary attendance on said 
Courts arc much distressed for Nesesarys and are Oblidged 
to lodge on a floor or in l>arns or sett all niglit l)y the fire 



18 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

during their whole Stay at said Courts Wherefore Your 
Petitioners humbly Pray Your Excellency & Honours that 
said Courts may be Removed to the Estren side of Pownal- 
borough aforesaid which is much nearer the Center of said 
County both as to land & Inhabitants and where those who 
have Business at s^ Courts may be sufficiently Provided for 
there being a sufficient Number of Houses their in which to 
Entertain & lodge them & for the Reasons aforesaid if Pow- 
nalborough should be Divided into two Distinct Towns 
agreable to a Petition as we Understand now before Your 
Excellency & Honours for that Purpose we humbly Pray 
that what is now the Eastren side of Pownalborough may be 
made the Shire Town of said County it being a Place well 
situated for the Courts to be held at & Your Petitioners as 
in Duty Bound shall ever Pray &c 
Cornelius Tomson Samuel Joshua 

Joshua Paul Jameson Cornelius Bradford 

Wadsworth Joshua Bradford Abiah Wadsworth 
John Robert Elijah Cook 

Richard Asa John Robinson ' 

John Jacob Grifen Jesse Thomas 

George Biggmore Alexander Jameson Jacob Grafon 
John Grafton Jolin Bigmore Samuel Condon 

Ebenezer Morton J"^ William Elwell Ebenezer Morton 
John Brazer William Elwell jun"^ Jacob Davis 

Graf en Davis William Davis Ebn"" Davis 

Zachariah Davis Samuel Davis 



Province of the M Bay 

To His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq'' Govern'' and 
Commander in Cheif of said Province, To the llon^'^*' 
His Majestys Council & House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled Jan" 28'^ 1767 — 



OF THE STATE OF RIAINE 19 

The Petition of the Subscriber.s hereto, who are Free- 
holders and Inhabitants of the Town of Andover 
humbly Sheweth — 

That Agriculture having been the business your Petitioners 
and Their Children have been bred up to, and now stand in 
Nead of Land to Settle Their Children upon, and there being 
a number of Persons in their Neighbourhood in the same Sit- 
uation Your said Petitioners and Neighbours would be glad 
of liberty to Exercise their Calling upon some part of the 
Wilderness Land in the County of York — And as there are 
three Townships already laid out at and near Pigwacket viz 
Fryestown, Browns town and another lately laid out to Ben- 
jamin Mulliken Es(f & Others, and a Considerable number 
of Families Settled in the first, some in the Second, and prep- 
arations making for Settling the third, It Occasions a great 
deal of Traveling betwen this p^rt of the Province and those 
Townships ; and as there is a Space between Phillips-Town 
and said Townships of fifty four Miles ; in all which distance 
there is not a House for Travelers to Shelter Themselves in, 
be the weather ever so severe : Your Petitioners humbly 
apprehend That if a Settlement was made between the two 
Rivers called great Ossapee and Little Ossapee, (which is 
about mid-way between Phillipstown and the aforesaid 
Township,) it would Answer a very good Purpose ; as there 
would be a place of Entertainment for Travelers to and from 
the said Pigwacket Townsliips, And People in the Proposed 
Settlement (It's Probable) might be Supply'd with bread 
from the aforesaid Townships while Subduing their own 
Lands, which would Enable Them to proceed more Expedi- 
tiously in the Settlement and the sooner have a place of 
Shelter for Travelers to the Pigwacket Townsliips of wliicli 
they stand in great need — And as yonr Petitioners do not 
Expect to obtain a Township of Wilderness Land any other 
way than by purchase, They humbly l^ray Your Excellency 



20 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and Hon''* would please to Grant them a Township, with 
liberty to lay it ovit between the said great & little Ossapee 
Rivers, for such a Consideration, and under such Injunctions, 
as your Excellency & Hon" shall think, Those who Settle 
the Wilderness Land ought to be Subjected to, and as in 
duty bound will ever Pray 

Nathan Chandler Joshua Chandler Isaac Abbot Ju' 
John Abbot 5*** David Chandler Thomas Russell 
Stephen Abbot Ephraim Abbot Joshua Lovejoy 

Jonathan Abbot l**" Nathan Chandler J"" John Dane 
John Patten Eliakim Darling Zebadiah Shattuck 

John Wardwell John Holt J"^ James Griff en 

Joshua holt David Holt Samuel Osgood 

Joseph Holt John Willson Isaac Blunt 

Neliemiah Abbot J"" Geoi'ge Abbot Jun"" William Dane 
Samuel Fiealds Isaac Chandler Asa Abbot 

Benjamin Walker Darius Abbot 

Indorsed Petition of Nathan Chandler & others — Feb 
23 1767 

Coll Ward Cap Dix Coll Bugley 
referrd to May Sess" 

June 18 revived & Com'^ to ]\P Say ward Cap Thayer Coll 
Gushing to ascertain the Value of the Land & enquire 
whether it belongs to the province to report next Session 
May 17 1768 — 



Petition of S. Doivm ^ M. Thornton. 1767. 

To His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq'' Cap* Generall & 
Governor in & over His Majestys Province of the Massachu- 
setts Bay — The Hon'^^'^ His Majestys Council & the Hon^'i^ 
House of Representatives in Generall Court Assembled 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 21 

The petition of Samuel Downe & Mathew Thornton in 
behalf of the Grantees of the six Townships in the Territorys 
of Sagadahoc Granted to David March &c Humbly Shews 

That your petitioners presented a Memorial to your Excel- 
lency & Honors in June last praying that a further time may 
be granted to them for Obtaining His Majestys Approbation 
for the reasons Mentioued in said Memorial — 

Upon which the Hon^'^^ House Agreed to the further Term 
of Eighteen months, which was consented too by the Hon^^® 
Board — But by reason of the Six Lower Townships ( who 
had never petitioned nor had been at any expence towards 
geting his Majesties approbation ) being Joined with them by 
the Com^^^ to v/hom it was refered, the said Grant of Eighteen 
months was not consented to by His Excellency, they there- 
fore pray they may have a further time allowed them, Sep- 

erate from the Lower Six Townships. 

Sam^ Downe 

Mathew Thornton 
January 28»i^ 17G7 — 

Petition of Nathan Jones ^ others. 1767. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq Governor and 

Commander in Chief The Hon'^i* His Majestys Council 

& Representatives of said Province in General Court 

Assembled at Boston January 28*^ 1767 — 

Tlie Memorial of Nathan Jones Francis Shaw and Robert 

Gould, in behalf of themselves and others Grantees of a 

Townsliip N. I'hree, in tlie Territory of Saggadehock, East 

of L'liioii River — Humbly Sheweth 

That whereas by a Grant of their said Township made in 
February 17G8, it was provided that in case his Majesty 
should not in eighteen Months next coming approve of said 
Grants they should be null and void, and whereas upon 



22 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Application made to your Excellency at the expiration of 
said Term — Your Excellency and Honors were pleased to 
allow a farther Time of Eighteen Months from the third of 
November 1764 which Time is now expired without our 
having been able as yet to obtain his Majestys Approbation. 
Your Memorialists beg leave further to represent to your 
Excellency and Honoi's that they have exerted themselves 
so greatly in carrying on the Settlement that they have at 
one Time been upwards of Six thousand Pounds Str^ in 
advance, and the Settlement is now in so flourishing a state 
as to contain about Forty Dwelling Houses, Seven Mills and 
other Buildings and about three or four hundred Inhabitants. 
And having Lately received a Letter from Our Agent in 
England, signifying the great encouragement he has received 
from the Ministry whereby he assures us of his hopes for 
success on our behalf in his further Applications to the Board 
of Trade and others concerned in American Affairs — They 
therefore humbly pray that they may have a further Time 
allowed them for obtaining his Majestys Approbation — 

Francis Shaw 
Rob^ Gould 



Plan Accepted. 1767 

In the House of Representatives Jan^^ 30*'' 1767 

This Plan of a Township of Land of the Contents of Six 
Miles and three Quarters of a Mile Square, granted to Cap- 
tain William Raymond and others who served in the Expe- 
dition against Canada in 1690, their legal Representatives or 
Assigns, and by them laid out in the County of Cumberland 
adjoining to great Sebago Pond, and adjoining to New-Boston, 
bounded as follows. Viz' Beginning at the Northwesterly 
Corner Bounds of the Township of Windham, and extending 
by the Needle due Northeast seven and an half Miles, on the 



OF THE STATE OF :srAINE 23 

Head Line of said Windham, and New Boston ; thence 
extending on a due Northwest Course seven and an half 
Miles ; thence from the first mentioned Bounds extending 
up the Northeast Side of the Great Pond of Sebago, as the 
Pond doth run, till a North east Line shall terminate at Head 
of Seven Miles and an half on the northeast Side Line, was 
presented for acceptance. 

Accordingly, Resolved, That it be, and hereby is accepted, 
and the Land therein contained be confirmed unto them, their 
Heirs and Assigns for ever, they complying with the Condi- 
tions of the original Grant ; Saving only that they settle 
seventy five Families instead of Thirty Families. 

Provided the same doth not exceed the Quantity of seven 

and an half Miles square, with a Neck of Land and Island 

adjacent, delineated on said Plan, including Allowance for 

Ponds therein contained, nor interfere with any former Grant. 

Sent up for Concurrence Thomas Cushmg Spk"^ 

In Council Jan^ 30^'' 1767 Read & Concurred 

Jn° Cotton D Secry 

Consented to Fra Bernard 

Resolve 

In the House of Representatives Feb. 5'"' 1767. 

Resolved that the prayer of this petition be granted, & 
that the petitioner above named, for the reasons mentioned 
in s** petition be further allowed the term of Eighteen Months, 
from this Day, to obtain his Majesty's approbation of the 
witliin mentioned Grant 

Sent up for Concurrence Thomas Gushing S[)k'' 

In Council F*;!)^ ;V" 1767 — Read & Cone" 

,]n" ('otton D Secry 

Consented to Kra Jiernard 



24 docd:mentae,y history 

Report on Petition of Capt. H. Y. Brotvn. 

The Cora"^^ on the Petition of Cap* Henrj-Young Brown 
baveing Considered the Same Report that in the year AD 
17G4 y* Petitioner had a Grant of a Township of the Con- 
tents of Six mile Square to be laid out on Saco River above 
Col° frys Town which was accordingly lay'^ out & a plan 
thereof returned & accepted : That in the year ( 1765 ) he y^ 
Petitioner Informed the General Court, that part of s'^ Town- 
ship was Claimed by newhampshire ; That s'^ Court Incour- 
aged him to Go forward with his Settlements & Improve- 
ments ; and if he met with any Difficultys they would be 
ready to Give him releiff ; That in y^ year (1760) he Set 
forth his Difficultys ; and the Court appointed y'' Hon^^^® John 
Bradbury Esq"^ James Gowing Esq^ & m"" Sayward, a Com"*^® 
to run out the line according to y*" Claim of this Province ; 
That they run as far as Saco River with a line which took 
off 8544 acres of the Petitioners Town ; That y^ Court 
thought Best not to be at any Expence in Defending and 
agreed with y® Petitioner to Discharge the Government from 
any Demands for s'' lands or Expence ; That the Court then 
ordered the Petitioner to prossecute all Such persons as 
Should Enter on y*^ lands, to y® East of y® s*^ line run as 
afforeg^ at y^ Expence of the Province as also to Defend all 
actions Brought against him at y® Goverments Expence — 

That in march ( 1767 ) a Committee was appointed to pre- 
pare y® Papers to send to Dennis Debert Esq"" who was 
appointed to Get a Settlement of y*^ province line ; or altera- 
tion of s*^ line as run by Bryant and orders to have it run 
agreeable to Settlement ; after the Committee had prepared 
the papers the whole matter was refferred to y*^ next Setting 
of y'' Court and that there hath not been any thing Deter- 
mined upon it Sence — 

That upon a Tryall at y® Superior Court in New hampshire 
last may for thirty five acres of land lying on y* line they 



101:9:11 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 25 

Call y* Province line it appear** that m^ Bryant nin y® line in 
1740/1 ; and after a full hearing the Court & Jury both 
Declared the land was in Newhampshire ; and Gave Judg- 
ment for y*' lands Sued for & Cost. 

That it appears the Petitioner hath already rec** out of the 
Publick Treasury by warrant from y*^ Gov'' & Council at 
Sundry Times 

The sum of one hundred & fifty three ^ 
pounds Ten shillings pursuant to his Ac°'* ^£153:10 — 
of Disbursements & Expences J 

That y^ Petitioners Ac^^ now Exhibeted"^ 
amounts to y® Sum of one hundred & one 
pound nine Shillings & Eleven pence more 
to BalP« 

and further the Committee Beg leave to report 
that y^ Petitioner was to Give the Province as 
a Valluable Consideration for Said Township 
the Sum of Two hundred pounds which said 
sum hath not been paid or any part thereof 

Jo* Williams g order 

Petition. 17G7. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To his Excellency Francis Bernard Esq"^ Governor & Com- 
mander in Chief in and over said Province &c and the 
Honourable his Majestys Council & House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court Assembled May 17<!7 
The Petition of the Proprietors of the New Township 
lying at the head of the Town of Berwick adjoyning on the 
Eastern side of Salmon Fall River in the County of York — 
Humbly Shews — 
That the Great & General Court of this Province in the 
year l7o;5 did (Jrant a Township of Land of Six miles Square 



26 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To Sixty Three Proprietors Bounded Southerly on the head 
of the Town of Berwick Westerly by Salmon Falls River 
Northerly partly by said River & Ponds and party by Prov- 
ince Lands Easterly by Province Lands — 

By Reason of the Frequent wars & the Danger of the 
Indian Enemie the Settlement of said Township has been 
Retarded Till since the Ruduction of Canada to the Crown 
of Create Britain Since which your Petitioners have Settled 
a Minister in said Township in Gospel order, and have now 
more than Forty Families Settled there, and Many more will 
Soon Settle there and your Petitioners Humbly apprehend 
that the Incorporating said Plantation into a Town that the 
Settlers that may have the Priviledge of Others Town in this 
Province will Greatly Promote the Settlement & Growth of 
said new township 

Wherefore your Petitioners Humbly pray your Excellency 
& Honours that the said new township or Plantation may be 
Incorporated into a Town that the Inhabitants thereof may 
Do Duty & Receive the Priviledges of Other Towns in this 
Province and your Petitionrs in Duty bound shall pray &c 
Benj^ Chadbourn in behalf of said Proprietors 

The Committee to whom is Refer** the within Petition 
have Considered the same & beg leave to Report the Peti- 
tioners have Liberty to bring in a bill for the purposes men- 
tiond in this Petition 

Jonathan Sayward pr order 



Petition of Josiah Richardson^ Agent. 1767. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To his Exelencey Frainces Barnard Esq"" Captain Genarail 
and Commander in Cheife in and over his Majesty Province 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 27 

of the Massachusetts Bay in New England and Vice Admiral 
of the same and to the Honorable his majestys Counsill and 
to the Honorable The House of Representatives in the Grate 
And Generail Court Assembled at Boston on the 27'** day of 
may anaqe Domini 1767 — 

Josiah Richardson of Sudbury in the County of Middlesex 
Esq'' and agent for a Number of Petitioners whose Anches- 
tors ware in the Expedition to Canada in tlie year 1690 — 

Hunibley Reminds your Exclency and Honours that In 
the yeare 1737 a number of Men whose Names Are hereunto 
Anexed Prefered a Petition to this Honourable Court for to 
have a Grant of Land for a Township to be Layed out m the 
unapropriated Lands within the said Province as raaney 
oathers for the same Merit before had had town shipp 
Granted to them and this Honorable Did tlien Sostain the 
s*^ petition and then ordered the s'' petitioners to mak out and 
prove their Claims that their Anchesters ware in the b** 
Expodition, and Come and they Should be beared with which 
order of Court the said Petitioner fully Comployed with and 
at a Grat Const proved their Clams Sence which by A Num- 
ber of memorials to this honorable Court the said Petition 
has ben Revived but the said Petitioners have not as yet had 
aney Grant of Land made to them on that Accompt and by 
Reason of the wars and of the Townhouse being burnt the 
same petition has not of Late ben moved to this Honourabel 
Court but sence this Honorable Court in theire Grat Wisdom 
and Justice was Pleased on the 24 Day of June A D 1765 
to make a Grant of a Township of Land to Cap' William 
Raymond and Company for tlie same merit wliich your 
Memorlis now plead and now your memorlis in behalfe of 
bimselfe and Compney Humbley pray youre Exelcncy and 
Honours would take the primises under your Wise and Just 
Consideration and mak us A Grant of Land for a Townsliip 
As you Was plesed to Do to the s'' William Raymond and 



28 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Companey And youre memorilis in the Behalf e of himselfe 
and Companey Shall Ever Pray 

Josiah Richardson Agent for said Petitioners 

Petition of B. Mulliken ^ M. Bridges 1767. 

To His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq"" Gov' and Com- 
mander in Chief of his Majesty's Province of the Massachu- 
setts Bay in New England to the Hon^'« the Council & House 
of Representatives in General Court assembled May 27"' 1767 

The Petition of Benjamin Mulliken & Moody Bridges 
agents for the proprietors of a Township granted to Benjamin 
Mulliken Esq' and others June 25 1765. humbly sheweth 

Tliat the pond called long Pond contained in the plot of 
said Township occupys a much larger space than it describes 
by said plot. That the course of said Pond is different from 
the Representation thereof dividing the Land in such a Form 
as will greatly discomode the settlement of said Township — 
That that part thereof that lies East of said pond would serve 
the Province to accomodate another Township, and that a 
Strip of the Province Land between s'^ Township and Saco 
River with the addition of another Strip at the Southend of 
s*^ Township would accomodate said proprietors and would 
leave the Province Land in a much more regular form than 
it is now in. 

That a number of the Proprietors of said Township are in 
arrears of the Taxes levyed on them in the concerns of a 
former Township called Rowley Canada. 

That the Council in Law of your petitioners adviseth that 
the Laws of the Province respecting the regulation of Town- 
ships are not sufficient to enable said proprietors to make Sale 
of said delinquent Rights in said Township granted to Ben- 
jamin Mulliken and others to defrey the Charges of said 
Township called Rowley Canada of which s'' Proprietors are 
Owsted. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 29 

Wherefore your Petitioners humbly entreat your Excel- 
lency & Honors to Grant to said proprietors an equivalent for 
that part of said Township that lies East of said pond in the 
una})[)r()priated Lands of the Government on the Westerly 
side thereof contiguous to Saco River & adjoining to said 
Township as afores*^ — and that it would please your Excel- 
lency & Honors to enable said proprietors to make Sale of 
said delinquent Rights in said Township granted to Benj* 
Mulhken & others to defrey tlieir arrears of said former 
Township called Rowley Canada together Avith the Cliarges 
that have arisen on their Rights in the other Township afore- 
said. And your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever 
pray.— 

Benj'^ Mulliken 
Moody Bridges 

Resolve 1767. 

In the House of Representatives May 30 1767 

Whereas there was a Plan taken of several Townsliips by 
-loliii lirown Esq'' Surveyor, by Order of a Committee of this 
Court in 1763 viz of Narragansett No 1 Pearson town N" 7 
with the T>ines of Biddeford Scarborough & Falmoutli as run 
by said Comittee which Plan is mislaid or lost 

Resolved that the Secretary be directed to write to the said 
John IJrown Esq"" to take an exact Plan of said Townsliips & 
runing said lines of said Biddeford Scarborough & Falmouth 
from his field Book or Journal to make Oath to the same that 
it is a true i)lan & return said Plan into the Secretarys Ol'lice 
as soon as may l)e 

Scnl np foi' Coiicnrrence 'I'lio Cnsliing Spk'' 

In Council 2'' -lunc 17<t7 IJcad and ( 'onciii'icd 

A ()liv<T Sc(;y 

Consented to Fra Hernaid 



30 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Message. ''June 11, 1767.'' 

Gentlemen 

I never understood that the charges contained in the Earl 
of Shelburne's Letter were particularly intended against this 
Province as there have been no Complaints of this kind made 
from hence that I know of. There has been but one instance 
of Murther of Indians happened within my time ; and in that 
the Government exerted itself to the utmost to discover and 
punish the offenders and to give satisfaction to the Indians ; 
in the latter of which we had all desired Success. 

The Justice and tenderness which this Government has 
exercised towards the Indians which have been intermixed 
with the People is, I believe, very well known : such 
instances as have happened within my time have been faith- 
fully represented, and the Province has had full Credit for 
them. But still great care remains to be taken of the East- 
ern Indians who are not the objects of domestic regulations. 
And this cannot be done without restraining the Hunting & 
Trading of the English in their Country, which have been & 
ever will be the Causes of frequent Offence given to Indians 
in those parts. Injuries of this kind are much better pre- 
vented than redressd. I therefore depend that you will carry 
into present execution the assurances you give me at the close 
of your address, by continuing the present Act for restrain- 
ing private trading with the Indians and hunting in their 
Country which will otherwise expire with the present Session, 
or by bringing in another Bill for the same purposes. — 

Message. June 11, 1767. 

Gentlemen of tlie Council and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 
Last Winter I received a Letter from the Earl of Sherburne, 
signifying his Majesty's commands that Care be taken that a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 31 

due Obedience be paid to his Majesty's royal proclamation for 
restraining the Indian trade & preventing incroachments upon 
the Indian Country. I have reserved the communication of 
this untill the subject matter should come before you in the 
course of business ; which it does now by the time for renew- 
ing the Indian trade-act coming on, I have more than once 
represented to his Majesty's Ministers that it is not in my 
power to carry the proclamation into execution, without the 
aid of the general Court ; and that so far as It has hitherto 
been obeyed, has been effected by means of the aforemen- 
tioned Act. I now desire that you will take the whole of 
the said Letter into consideration, & provide for what is 
required thereby, either by' the same Act or by another, as 
3'ou shall see Cause. 

Fra: Bernard 
Council Chamber June 11, 1767. 



Resolve 

In the House of Representatives June 12 1707 

Resolved that that part of the Township granted to lU'iij-' 
Mulliken Esq'" and others June 25"' 1765 lying on the East- 
erly side and northerly end of the pond called Long pond 
containing Eight thousand, six hundred & forty five Acres, 
bounded as followeth ; Begining at a stone set into the gi'ound 
at the northeasterly corner of said Township, thence South 
25 degrees East nine Miles to a Stone set into the ground, 
thence West 25 degrees South seven liundred & forty pole 
to said pond ; thence northerly by s'' })()n(l U) a Stake &l, stones 
standing by a lirook at tlic licad of said [loiid : tliciicc iioilli 
25 degrees West six liun(h-ed & sixty pole to a stake <.\: stones 
standing in the northerly line of s'' 'J'ownship tlience East 25 
degrees North one hundred & sixty pole to the iirst l)ouiid, 



32 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

be exchanged for an equivalent of Land lying on the west- 
erly side, provided tliere be a sufficiency of Land belonging 
to the Province on that side, otherwise that the deficiency be 
made up in Lands at the Southerly end of said Township 
adjoining thereto, and that a plan thereof taken by Surveyor 
& Chainmen on oath be returned to this Court within twelve 
Months from this date for Confirmation. 

And that tlie petitioners notify the delinquent Proprietors 
mentioned in their petition by inserting the substance of that 
Clause in one of the Boston News papers three weeks suc- 
cessively that they shew cause if any they have on the first 
Tuesday of the next Session of this Court Avhy the prayer 
thereof should not be granted. — 

Sent up for Concurrence T. Cushing Spk'^ 

In Council June 12"' 1767 Read & Concurred 

A Oliver Sec^ 

Consented to Fra Bernard 

A true Copy Exam'^ g Jn" Cotton D : Secry 



Act of Incorporation. 1767. 

Anno Regni Regis Georgii Tertii Septimo. 

An Act for erecting the new Plantation called Lebanon 
lying at the Head of the Town of Berwick adjoining on the 
Eastern Side of Salmon Falls River in the County of York, 
into a Town by the name of 

Whereas the erecting the Plantation called Lebanon into a 
Town will greatly contribute to the Growth thereof and rem- 
edy many Inconveniences to which the Inhabitants and Pro- 
prietors may be otherwise subject : 

Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and House of Rep- 
resentatives That the Plantation aforesaid A bounded as fol- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 33 

lows viz' Southerly on the Head of the said To^^^l of Berwick ; 
Westeii}^ by Salmon Falls River ; Northerly partly by said 
River, and Ponds, and partly by Province Lands : & Easterly 
by Province Lands ; be and hereby is erected into a Town by 
the Name of and that the Inhabitants 

thereof be and hereby are invested with all the Powers, Priv- 
ileges and Immunities, which the Inhabitants of the Towns 
within this Province do enjoy. 

And be it further enacted, That Benjamin Chadburne Esq"" 
be and hereby is empowered to issue his Warrant directed to 
some prmcipal Inhabitant in said Town, requiring him to 
warn the Inhabitants of said Town to meet at such Time and 
Place as shall be therein set forth, to chuse all such Officers 
as are or shall be required by Law to manage the affairs of 
the said Town. 

In the House of Representatives 
Read a first time June 9 1767 
Read a second time June 10, 1767 

Read a third time June 11, 1767 »& i)asscd to be Engrossed 
Sent up for Concurrence T. Cushing Spk"^ 

In Council 11 June 1767 Read a lirst time 
12 June 1767 Read a second Time & passd a Concur- 
rence witli the amendment 

Sent down for Concurrence A Oliver Sec^' 

In the House of Representatives June 12 1767 

Read & Concurred T. Cushing Spk" 

Bounded as followeth begining at Salmon fall river in the 
North Bounds of the 'J'ownshi}) of Berwick & to Run North- 
east & by East witlj tliat Line 6 iiiik' 200 Kods then N W & 
by N: Six miles & 86 Rod with the Pro\iiici' Laiul, tlu'ii 
S W & by W with the uiiapjjropriatcd I.,ands of y'" (jovern- 
ment &■ a Grant made to Joir' l>agly Ks(|'"to tlie liiver afores** 
then with the s'' River to the Bounds lirst iiicntioiicd. 



34 DOCUMEXTARY HISTORY 

Order. 

June 13*^ 1767 

Ordered that his Excellency the Governour be Desired, to 
forward, Duplicates, of his last Letters, to the Olficers, at 
Port Royall, by a Shallop, or some other fit vessel, with oars, 
that the}^ may not fail of his Commands 

And Give Order that the ffrigate Province Galley, do Con- 
voy & Cover the vessels that may be Improved to Transport 
the great Artillery above the ffort. And also to Lie before 
the ffort, & Assist in Taking it, If the Councill of War shall 
Determine to Attempt it. 

Sent up for Concurrence John Burrill Speak'^ 



Message. 



June 6^^ 176 



May it please your Excellency 

Your Excellency's Message to both Houses of the 11'** 
Instant, together with His Majest3\s Royal Proclamation for 
restraining tlie Indian Trade and preventing Incroachments 
upon the Indian Country ; as also the Earl of Shelburn's 
Letter signifying his INIajesty's Commands, that a due Obedi- 
ence be paid to the said Proclamation, we have most atten- 
tively considered — And are convinced that neither were 
founded upon any Complaints against this province b}'^ his 
Majesty's Superintendents for Indian Affairs: Nor will any 
one presume to say that the most A provoked Violences and 
Murthers which have been lately committed on the Indians 
under the Protection of his Majesty, were done by this Gov- 
ernment, 

or that any one Settlement hath been made by us without 
proper Authority, and beyond the Limits prescribed by his 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 35 

Majesty's Royal Proclamation of One Thousand seven Hun- 
dred and Sixty-three; or that we have made Settlements 
beyond the utmost Boundaries of any Province in America, 
in Consequence of which the greatest Discontents among the 
Indians have arisen, which may endanger the Peace of his 
INIajesty's Provinces, and the Safety of his Subjects: We say 
iNlay it please your Excellenc}', it is impossible that these 
Complaints were made against us, because they are without 
even a colour B and therefore that said Letter was a circular 
one, and would have been sent to your Excellency had there 
not been an Indian, or any Indian Land in the Province. B 

It is with Pleasure, that we remind your Excellency, and 
inform the World, that greater Care was taken of the Indians 
by our pious Ancestors during the old Charter, and by this 
Government under the new even to this Day than is ordered 
or recommended either by the Proclamation or the Letter 
aforesaid — But about three Years after the Arrival of our 
Forefathers viz^ Anno Domini l()-So, they made a Law in 
these Words that no Person shall henceforth buy Land of 
any Indian without License first had and obtained of the 
General Court, and if any offended herein such Land so 
bought sliall be forfeited — And least the Indians slioidd be 
defrauded in their Trade, in the same Year they made a I^aw 
that no Person should trade with the Indians for any sort of 
Peltry &c, exce})ting only such as are authorized by tlie Gen- 
eral Court under the Penalty of One IluiKh'cd Pounds loi- 
every offence — And so tender was their Ilegurd for tlicin 
upon other accounts tliat there were Indian Instructors pro- 
vided ; the Bible which they were pei'fect Strangers to trans- 
lated into Iiuhan, as well as other Books the Means of 
Insli'uction, P^nghsli and In<rmii Miiiistci's [)r»)\id('d for tlirni, 
the (iospel preached to tin in, ('luii(;hes gathered, some of 
which cfjntinue even unto this Day : I')y Law severe Pen;dlies 
were to be inflicted upitu any that should sell Iheui strong 



36 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Drink — By Law the Justices of every Shire were bound to 
give it in special Charge to the Grand Jury to inquire and 
present the Breaches of said Laws, Provision was therein 
made, that when any Damage shouhl be done the Indians in 
their Fiekls tho' unfenced should be made good by the Town 
where the Land lay — Provision was likewise made for tlieir 
being incorporated into Townships, they to be vested with all 
the Priviledges of other ToAvns. They were empowered from 
among themselves to appoint Indian Justices to hear and 
determine small Causes that might arise among the Indians — 
This was the Care the Government took of the IncUans under 
the old charter ; and this very much indeared the English to 
them. The Indians had a perfect Confidence in the Govern- 
ment, looked upon them as their civil and spiritual Fathers, 
and went to them in all their Difficulties as Cliildren to a 
Father. 

May it please your Excellency, These are a few of the 
many Instances of the Care our Forefathers took of the 
Indians — Nor hath the Scene been changed at any Time 
since. There is now a standing Law of this Province made 
in the Reign of King William and Queen Mary declaring 
every Deed of Bargain and Sale, Lease, Release &c, of any 
Lands, Tenements, or Hereditaments wdthin this Province as 
well for Term of years as for ever procured or obtained from 
any Indian b}^ any Person at any Time since the year 1633 
the year the above mentioned Law was made, mthout License 
first had and obtained, or that shall hereafter be made or pro- 
cured without the License and Approbation of the Great and 
General Court or Assembly of this Province for the Same 
shall be deemed and adjudged in the Law to be null and void 
and of none Effect. The same Care hath been and is noAV 
taken of them in every other Instance, there are LaAvs now 
subsisting, prohibiting the English selling strong Drink, or 
tradmg with them, to prevent their being drunk by the one 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 37 

and cheated by the other : there are Churches and Congrega- 
tions of Indians in this Province to whom the Gospel is 
preached, ministers Ordained over them, the Sacraments 
administred to them, Sclioohnasters provided for the Instruc- 
tion of their Children, decent respectable Houses for publick 
Worship erected, and all without the least Expence to them : 
There are Districts and Parishes in the Province wherein the 
English & Indians unitedly enjoy the same Privileges ; and 
in one of our Towns they unite in voting for Representatives. 

With Respect to the Eastern Indians — By the Instigation 
of the French, perhaps as inhuman as themselves : How much 
and how many Cruelties have our People met with from them ; 
how much human Blood have they spilt ; how much Treasure 
have they obliged us to expend — Yet when they desired 
Peace, did the Government ever refuse them : And in the 
Year 1726 when a Peace was concluded by the then Lieuten- 
ant Governor Dummer, whose Memory is precious to them and 
us, there were Truck Houses erected, by a Law of the Gov- 
ernment, both in the Eastern and Western Frontiers, and the 
Trade in them was put under the wisest and most equitable 
Regulations, in Favour of the Indians : At y® Truck house 
Things are sold as cheap even at this day to the Indians as 
they could purchase them singly at Boston : There is not one 
Tract of Land in the eastern Country enjoyed by the English, 
but what was purchased of the Indians Sachems y' deeds 
acknowledged and recorded — And wlien There has been any 
Trespasses by any of the Englisli upon llie Indians there liatli 
been the utmost Care taken by the General Assembly of set- 
ting, if not, by the Governor and Council to biing tlie 
Offenders to condign Punishment. 

Nor, may it please your Excellency Iiatli the; (Jovcniincnt 
oiiiiltcrl aiiytliiug that can Ix; sugg(!st(;d fi^oui llic I'riiiciplcs 
of lliiiiiaiiity and Justice, fj'oiii tlie year !();>;>, to tliis Day 
lor lIk; Interest of the Indians in tlieir several Dispersions 



38 DOCr]MENTAEY HISTOID Y 

throughout the whole Province : The Conduct of the Gov- 
ernment towards them we glory in, we make our Boast of as 
unrivalled — And we perswade our selves, that your Excel- 
lency as the Head of the Province, and its Father hath or 
will make these Representations to his Majesty's Ministers — 

Upon the Principles of Christianity, upon the Rules of 
good Policy, Justice and Equity We have ever acted towards 
them, sensible that the Violations of these Principles will be 
attended with fatal Consequences ; and that if a due Obedi- 
ence had been paid to his Majesty's Royal Proclamation, and 
a due Attention given to proper Restraints on the Conduct 
of the Indian Traders, those Evils that took Place in some of 
the Southern Governments might have effectually been 
avoided. — 

It is with the highest Satisfaction that we reflect upon the 
Government's Conduct relative to the Indians, all free and 
spontaneous on our Part, especially as it in Substance 
so exactly corresponds with his Majesty's Sentiments — And 
we do assure your Excellency, that being animated by the 
same Principles, we shall do every thing that Duty to the 
King, and the Rules of good PoUcy, of Justice and Equity 
to the Indians can require. 



Message June 17, 17G7. 

Gentlemen &c 

Least my Reasons for dissenting to the Resolve for an 
Establishment for Fort Pownall should be Mistaken I think 
it proper to ascertain them : they are first, because the Pay 
appointed for tlie (Officers is insufficient for their Support : — 

2. Because the Number of Men appointed is too small for 
the Defence of so respectable a Fortress. At the same Time 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 39 

I must recommend to You to make Provision for a Garrison, 

suitable to the Fort. 

Fra Bernard 
Council Chamber June 17. 1767 

Gentlemen &c 

I Consent to the Resolve for the Establishment for Castle 

William ; I dissent to the Resolve for the Establishment for 

Fort Pownall. 

Fra Bernard 



Letter^ John Brown to Andrew Oliver. 1767. 

Newburv June 18'" 1767 
Hon<i S^ 

Agreeable to a Resolve of the Great & Gen^ Court I here- 
with Return a Plan of the Towns & Lines therein mentioned 
and am well assured they are truly described as I had the 
same Chainmen for the whole Survey, who were on Oath 
I was put to some Trouble in Collecting my Minutes & 
Reducing my Plan, as I had but One Sheet of Paper Suitable, 
Hope it will answer the purpose designed. And am with 
Sincere Regards to His Excels & the whole Court Their & 
Your most Obedient Hum' Serv* 

John Brown 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To his Excellency Francis Bernard Esq'" Captain General 
and Governor in Clieif the Hon'''*' the Council ami House of 
Representatives of the Province aforesaid in General Couit 
assembled at Boston June 1767 

Tlie Subscriljers Iidiabitants of a place called Machias 
Humbly Shew 

That they with their Fumilics according to the Kings Proc- 
himation went upon and took possession of a Tract of Land 
called Machias bounding as follows viz' begiiming at a <liy 



40 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Rock at a place called tlie Eastern Bay near the House of M"" 
Samuel Holmes and extending North ten Miles, then West 
eight Miles then South to the Sea which Lands after proper 
Allowance for Water and Heaths will make only the contents 
of a Township six Miles Square ; and they have made con- 
siderable Improvements thereon apprehending the same to be 
Crown lands But so it is may it please your Excellency and 
Honours the said Tract of land falleth within the belongs to 
this Province 

Now may it please your Excellency and Honours as it was 
thr6 the Ignorance of your petitioners they thinking the 
Lands belonged to the Crown, and as they have been at great 
Cost and pains in clearing and making Improvements on the 
Tract of Land aforesaid ; if they should be dispossessed 
thereof it would be a means of ruining them and their 
Families. 

Your petitioners would also represent to this Hon^'^*' Court 
that they are about Seventy four in Number, and are without 
the common priviledges other People within this Province 
enjoy, having no Gospel Minister, School Master or any offi- 
cers whatsoever, which is absolutely necessary for the Peace 
and good Order of any People ; and as they are willing and 
desirous to pay their proportion of the Province expence as 
they become able. 

Your petitioners therefore humbly pray your Excellency 
and Honours would be pleased to take the premisses into 
your wise serious and Compassionate consideration and make 
them a Grant of the said Tract of land ; which will prevent 
the ruin of so many Families ; And also Incorporate them 
into a Town or otherwise invest them with Authority sufli- 
cient to chuse Town Officers, or otherwise reheve them as 
you in your known Wisdom and goodness shall think best 

And as in duty bound shall ever pray &c 

Ichabod Jones for himself and as Attorney & Agent 
for the Under mentioned persons 



OF THE STATE OF :MATME 



41 



Stephen Jones Jonathan Longfellow David Libby 

Thomas Buck (xeorge Libby jun'^ Thos Buck jun 

Joseph Dubuisont Benj* Foster jun' 

her 

Sarah X Libby George Libby 

mark 

Sam^ Kenny Abiel Sprague 

Stephen jVIunson John Stone 

Sarah Fogg Natli^ Young 

Joshua Webster Solomon Meserve 

Samuel Rich Ichabod Jones 



Joseph Sevey 

Timoth- Libby 

Elijah Bent 
Ebenezer Libby 

Will'" X Kelly 



Jonath Woodrigh Wesbruk Berre 

his 

Samuel Holmes Eleazer X Bryant 

mark 

Amos Boynton (xeorge Sevey 



mark 

Joseph Holmes 
Gideon Obrion 
Obathah Hill 



Samuel Davis Bryant 



Samuel Lebbee 
John Manchestere John Underwood 
Joseph Munson Daniel Stone 
Daniel Stone in behalf of Sol° Stone 
John Crocker Stephen Parker 
Benjamin Corbet Fannater Obrian 
Jacob Foster John Wieland 

Abiel Sprague Job Burnum 

Moris Obrion 

Jeremiah Jenks 
Isaac Larrabee 



Joseph X Getchell 

mark 

Nathan Longfellow Jacob l.,ebbee 



his 

John X Berre 

mark 

Samuel Burnem 



Archelaus Hammond 
John Stone 
Reuben Libby 
James Eliott 
Joel Booney 
Nath' Davis 
Thaddeus Trafton 

James Dyer 

Daniel Lomrfellow 



Message. June 25, 1767. 

A Message from the Board to tlie ]K)noi'id)](' House of H(>p- 
nisentatives 

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives 

The Board have concurred the vote of tlie honorable house 
relative to the cstuldishiiicDt foi' Castle Williaiii &- I'owiial : 



42 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and tho it has been for some time practised to make estab- 
lishments in tliis connected manner, yet as there is no neces- 
sary connection between s'^ Castle & fort, it is proper in the 
nature of the thing that the establishments for them, and also 
that all matters whatever acted upon by the General Court, 
that are in their nature seperate & distinct, should be by sep- 
erate & distinct Acts, in order that each Branch of the legis- 
latui'e might act with the utmost Freedom : otherwise they 
might be necessitated to consent to a thing they utterly dis- 
approve, for the sake of another that merits their approbation, 
and to which the public good demands their assent. 

The Board apprehend the establishment aforesaid, with 
regard to the form of it was a meer transcript from the estab- 
lishment of the last year ; and that the honorable house had 
no design by it to infringe on the right of the Board to judge 
of every matter, that comes before them, upon its own cir- 
cumstances : and they assure themselves the honorable house 
will never act upon principles, which they themselves would 
undoubtedly and very justly censure in the other Branches 
of the legislature. 

In Council 25, June 1767 — Ordered That James Bow- 
doin, Harrison Gray, James Russell, Samuel White & James 
Pitts Esq" be a Committee to wait on the Hon^'® House with 
the foregoing Message. 



May it please your Excellency 

On your Excellency's laying before his Majesty's Council 
the Representations of the Inhabitants & proprietors of the 
Township of Conway in this Province, that they are pre- 
vented from complying with the conditions on which his 
Majesty was pleased to grant the said Township to them, by 
the Incroachments & vexations of sundry settlers under pre- 
tence of a Grant from the Province of the Massachusetts 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 43 

Bay, and that they pray your Excellency's protection and 
assistance. 

We were appointed a Committee to furnish your Excel- 
lency with a state of the Controversy in the said Township ; 
In pursuance whereof we beg leave to Report that the said 
Township of Conway was granted by the late Governor in 
the year 1765; that it is bounded on one side upon the 
Northerly boundary line between this Province and the old 
Province of i\Iain now belonging to the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay ; and that the Justice or injustice of the 
Complaint made to your Excell^ depends solely on this : 
Whether the said Line was run where it ought to be ? 

In order to throw light on this Question we further 
Report to your Excellency that a controversy had long sub- 
sisted with the Province of the Massachusetts Bay concern- 
ing the Boundary lines between the two Provinces. That 
in the year 1737 his late Majesty was pleased by a Commis- 
sion under the Great Seal to appoint five of the Council 
from each of the Colonies & Provinces of New York, New 
Jersey, Nova Scotia & Rhode Island to settle the contro- 
versey. The Commissioners met at Hampton on the first 
day of August 1737 and proceeded to the Business, and 
after several Adjournments the parties having been fully 
heard & their pleas. Evidences & allegations fully consid- 
ered, the Commissioners entered up their Judgment the lat- 
ter part of which being all that relates to the present dispute 
and runs in the following words viz' 

"And as to the Northern Boundary between the said 
" Provinces the Court Resolves and determines that the 
dividing Line sliall pass up thro' the mouth of Piscata(]ua 
Harl)our and up the middle of tlie River into the Ivivci' of 
Newichewanock (part of which is now called Salmon falls) 
and thro' the middle of tlie same to the fiirllu!st head 
thereof, and fiom thence north two degrees westerly until 



44 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

One hundred and twenty miles be finished from the Mouth 
of Piscataqua Harbour aforesaid or until it meets with his 
Majesty's other Governments, and that the dividing Line 
shall part the Isles of Shoals & run thro' the middle of the 
Harbour between the Islands to the Sea on the Southerly 
side, and that the South Westerly part of the s'^ Islands 
shall be in and be accounted part of y® Province of New 
Hampshire, and that tlie northerly part thereof shall be in 
and be accounted part of the Province of the Massachusetts 
bay and be held & enjoyed by the said Provinces respect- 
ively and in the same manner as they now do and have here- 
tofore held and enjoyed the same, and the Court do further 
judge that the Cost and Charges arising by taking out the 
Commission, as also for the Commissioners and their Officers 
viz* the Two Clerks, Surveyor and Waiters for their Travel- 
ling Expences & attendance in the Execution of the same 
be equally born by the said " Provinces." 

Both Parties Appealed from the Judgment of the Com- 
missioners to his Majesty in his Privy Council, and the Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay in their Bill of Exceptions 
object to the line in Question for this Reason, that it should 
run North Westward, and not North two degrees Westerly, 
but they offer not any Exceptions to that part of the River 
which the Commissioners had considered as the furthermost 
Head thereof. 

This part of the Determination concerning the Line in 
Question after a rehearing of the partys on the Appeal, was 
affirmed & a final Judgment given between the two Prov- 
inces by the King in Council in the year 1741 & Governor 
Belcher then Governor of both Provinces received a Copy of 
the Commissioners Plan and the Kings Instructions to cause 
the Lines to be run according to the said final Judgment on 
pain of his Majesty's higliest displeasure and a Removal 
from his Government. Whereupon Governor Belcher came 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 45 

into the Province & ordered the Lines to be run according 
to the said Instructions, the Northerly line now brought into 
Question was run by Walter Rryent Esq'' an experienced 
Surveyor of Lands in the Woods who was appointed thereto 
and Sworn by Governor Belcher to the due and faithful dis- 
charge of the Trust and proper Chainmen were also duly 
Sworn to the faithful discharge of their trust in the marking 
s*^ Line. 

Accordingly M'' Bryent went up with them to Newiehe- 
wanock River and ascended that Branch of it described in 
the Commissioners Plan until he came to the large ponds at 
the furthermost head thereof, from thence he began to mark 
the Line in Question, and proceeded therein as far as at that 
time he durst on Acco^ of tlie Indians — This Survey Gov- 
ernor Belcher returned to the proper Office at home where it 
now lays upon Record. 

These are all the principal Facts relative to the running 
this Line, but the Settlers under the Massachusetts Bay now 
say that Bryent did not take the main Branch of the River ; 
We have just grounds to assert the very contrary, that he 
did take the main Branch of the River, and we shoud now 
offer to your Excellency our Reasons for this Assertion, but 
that is wholly foreign to the matter under consideration, 
which is briefly this, not whether Bryent ascended the main 
Branch, but whether he ascended the Branch markt as the 
main River in the Connnissioners Plan sent to Governor 
Belcher as part of his Instructions, & that he did so, \\ill 
appear on compairing his Return and Survey with the said 
Plan, and is a fact that is indisputed by either party. 

Thus after a formal and final Decision of this Boundary 
of the Provinces by a Judgment of the Connuissioni-is 
alTirmed by the King in Council and in Acquiescence therein 
on both sides for twenty six years the dispute is now revived 
the Kings Jurisdiction in this Province is incroached upon, 



46 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and the Line that was fixed by such bigh Authority is set 
aside by one party who in contempt of the Kings final Judg- 
ment have boldly made Grants on this side of the Line on 
no better pretence than that the Commissioners mistook the 
main Branch of the River when if there was any Reason to 
suppose such a mistake it ought and it undoubtedly woud 
have been offered in Argument either before the Commis- 
sioners or on tlie Appeal before the King in Council, but 
surelj^ it is now too late to offer it, even if it was Fact which 
in Truth it is not. 

And we must further observe to your Excel I'' that if either 
of the partys have Reason to object to Bryent's Line it must 
be this Province for there is reason to think that by accident 
not having upon the spot the Plan sent Governor Belcher he 
begun the Line one mile to the WestAvard of the place which 
the Commissioners had called the head of the River, whereby 
this Province lost the Breadth of one Mile upon the whole 
length of their Line. Yet this mistake tho' soon discovered 
the Province had acquiesced under to avoid litigating a mat- 
ter anew that had been the subject of so much uneasiness. 

We would further remark to your Excell^ that the Judg- 
ment of the Commissioners directs that all the charges of 
taking out the Commission &c shall be equally born by both 
Provinces. 

This part of the Judgment was also affirmed by the King 
in Council, but the Province of the Massachusetts Bay refus- 
ing to do their duty therein, this Province badly able as they 
were at that time to bear so great a Charge yet chearfully 
paid tlie whole in hopes that with Time and due reflections 
their Neighbours woud come to a better mind, and reimburse 
it, but this has not as yet happened, and the Province 
remains as yet unpaid. 

Upon the whole matter it appears to us that the Line in 
question was justly run and not ex Parte by New Hampshire, 



OF THE STATE OF MAIME 47 

but that Biyent was ordered & appointed thereto by the 
authority of Governor Belcher in the capacity of Governor of 
both Provinces and in obedience to the Instructions he had 
received for that purpose & without the Advice or concur- 
rence of either the Council or Assembly of this Province, 
and it appears to us that Brycnt ascended the River laid out 
as the Main River on the Conmiissiojiers plan & that his 
Survey was returned by Gov"" Belcher to the proper Office 
at home where it now layes upon Record. 

Province of New Hampshire August 12*^'^ 1767 — Theo- 
dore Atkinson, Peter Livius, Daniel Pierce George Jaffrey 
/Coramittee/ 



Letter, Gov. Wentworth to Gov. Bernard ^6 Auj. 1767 

Sir 

Tlie Gr;)ntees of sundry Tjacts of Land near the Nortlieast 
Limits of this Province have complained to me, that they are 
obstrncted in their Settlement, and prevented from comply- 
ing with tlie terms of their lespectivi; patents, as gianted by 
the late Governoi' of this I^rovince, by Cap* Brown and liis 
Associates, also by Claimants in the Right of ('ol" Frye ; 
who alledge that they have (i rants of tlie said I^ands from 
the Province of the Massachusetts Bay. 1 liave examined 
the Plan annexed to the Royal Instruction to Governor 
Belcher ( then Governoi' of Ijoth Provinces ) Recorded and 
U[)on file in the Secretary's Office ; I have also interrogated 
Walter Bryant P^scj'' the Surveyor, who Surveyed nnd 
marked this Lino, V)y order of Gov"" T^elcher, not ex ])arte, 
but as ('oniiiiandei' in chi(,'f (»f both I'lovinces: froDi llie full- 
est consideration of these, and many other in-efiagable i^vi- 
dences I am convinced that the said L:inds are clearly within 
the Bounds of this l*rovince, in which I am conlirmed by the 



48 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

plainest Expressions of my Commission. I therefore beg 
leave to represent to your Excellency that I must preserve 
his Majesty's Rights committed to my Care, & protect the 
Subjects of this Province, in the enjoyment of their Prop- 
erty. 

It will not avail to trespass on your time l)y discussing 
this affair, which at last might be vain, as I can do no other 
than adhere to the directions prescribed in tlie Royal Com- 
mission. 

It is with great reluctance that I am obliged to trouble 
you upon this Matter which perhaps may be adjusted by a 
consideration of facts. 

I am very respectfully Your Excellency's most Obedient 

and most devoted humble Servant 

J Wentworth 
Portsmouth 26'^ Aug* 1767 — 



Letter^ Gov. Wentworth to Gov. Bernard 

Sir 

I liave before me your Letter of 31**^ August ; And here- 
with inclose you, the opinion of his Majesty's Council upon 
the question of the Province Line ; wherein you'll readily 
see, there is not left the least doubt or even the most distant 
probability that the s'^ Line was not run by proper and legal 
Order. The inclosed Deposition of M"^ Bryant also urges 
the Truth & skilf ulness of the Survey — Or at least, that if 
there has been any Error it was to the prejudice of his 
Majesty's Rights & Revenue in the Provhice of New Hamp- 
shire. 

New Hampsh. 10 Sep' 1767 
I am with great truth & esteem 

Sir your most obed' & most devoted Serv' 

J Wentworth 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 49 

Letter, Gov. Bernard to Gov. Weit/worth 

Boston Sept iqu. 17^7 
Sir 

I communicated your Letter of Aug^ 26*'' to the Council, 
us I advised you in my last I should do and the same was 
referred to a Committee upon wliose Report the Council 
advised me to return your Excellency the following Answer. 

Your Excellency mentions you have examined the Plan 
annexed to the Royal instruction to Governor Belcher 
Recorded & upon file in your Secretary's Office, also interro- 
gated M'' Bryant who Surveyed & marked this Line ; and 
that from there and many other irrefragable evidences you 
are convinced that the Lands you refer to are clearly within 
the bounds of the Province of New Hampshire : in which 
you are Confirmed by the plainest expression of your Com- 
mission." 

As I am desirous of an amicable adjustment of the Line 
& to prevent all occasions of contention between the border- 
ers, I am to request that you would be pleased to furnish me 
with a Copy of the plan & instruction afores'' ; M'' Bryants 
declaration and the other evidences your Excellency refers 
to, together with such part of your Commission as relates to 
this matter; and I will lay them before the Assembly who 
may thereby be enabled to judge of the facts wliich have 
induced your Excellency to adopt the sentiments you pro- 
fess, and you shall be furnished with copies of any papers in 
the affair you shall want from hence; Extracts from which, 
containing the substance of said papers are below conununi- 
cated to your Excellency. In this we shall both of us be 
possessed of the facts: by a consideration of wliich this mat- 
ter (as you observe) may perhaps be adjusted. In the 
mean time I would acquaint you that the General Asscml)]y 
hei-e b(;ing iiifoi-mcd that INP Bryant bad ma(l(! a mistake in 
runnincr the Line between the two Provinces : takingr his 



50 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

departure from tbe head of the Northeast branch of Newich- 
awanock or Sahiion fall River instead of the main River: 
they divers times ajjpointed Committees to be joined by a 
Committee on the part of New Hampshire and desired me to 
write to the late Governor Wentworth that such Committee 
might be appointed, in order to the just Settlement of the 
Line. I wrote to him several times accordingly, but no such 
Committee was appointed till the last year ; when Col° John 
Wentworth with Walter Bryant Esq*" ( the Surveyor who run 
the Line ) were appointed by him. This Committee with 
ours proceeded last November and viewed the main River 
and the Northeast Branch aforesaid. — I will now mention 
to you the substance of the several Reports of our Commit- 
tees, and of the evidence that has been taken on our part 
relative to said River and Branch. 

January 1764 Benjamin Lincoln, Samuel Livermore and 
Joseph Frye Esq" having in Oct° 1763 viewed said River 
and Branch report " That from the view we Jiad on the spot 
the quantity of water flowing from said River contains two 
parts in three more than what run from said branch." 
" We beg leave further to offer it as our opinion that the 
place from whence the Surveyor took his departure as the 
head of Newichwannock or Salmon fall River, when this 
Line was run in the year 1741 is not and we think cannot 
be understood to be the place intended by the order of his 
late Majesty in Council for settling that line." 

1766 Decem'" Jonathan Bagley Esq"^ from another Com- 
mittee reports, that he with ten others, of which number 
were CoP John Wentworth and Walter Bryant Esq" the 
Surveyor ( the Committee appointed by Governor Went- 
worth) proceeded in Novem'' 1766 to the forementioned 
River and branch, and after viewing both of them several 
times the whole party were called together Sunday Nov'' 23'' 
to judge how large a hole would vent the water that run in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 51 

that branch : and after measuring the weclth and depth the 
party judged the whole water that then run in said Branch 
would run through a hole as big as a Barrel ; " then they 
took their departure the main River or main branch again in 
order to view that : which accordingly they did the next day 
and " it appeared that it was more than three times as large 
as the northeast branch that M' Br3^ant run in 1741, and 
yielded more than three times as much water." 

1767. January 7^^ James Warren jun'' Gilbert Warren 
and James Hasty declare, " that in the month of November 
last /1766/ they were employed by Jon*^ Bagiey Esq"^ and 
others a Committee appointed by the General Court of Mas- 
sachusetts Ba}' and John Wentworth & Walter Bryant Esq" 
a Committee appointed by Governor Wentworth, Governor 
of the Province of New Hampshire in order to view Salmon 
fall River and the Rivulets running into it and the branches 
thereof. In pursuance of which the deponents went with 
said Committees up said Salmon fall River until they came 
to the place where the Northeastly branch or Brook united 
with the main River, and they viewed the same " &c and 
after several views of both, the result is " that it appeared to 
them that the main River is about three times as large and 
yielded al)Out three times the quantity of water that the 
Northeasterly branch did." 

The said Gilbert Warren and James Hasty add " That 
they are well acquainted with the Southwesterly Branch of 
Salmon fall IJiver which vents into the main River about 
three miles and an half above the place where the North- 
easterly Branch unites with the said main River, and are of 
opinion that the said Soutliwesterly branch is near or quite 
as large and issues near or quite as much water as the 
Northeasterly Branch." 

1767 June 22*^ Walter Bryant Esq' tlie Surveyor who 
run the Line in 1741 among other qupstions was asked the 



52 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

following viz* Are you fully satisfied that the Westward 
Branch [ by w^*" 'tis supposed the main River was intended ] is 
much bigger than the Eastward Branch which you went up " ? 
his answer is, " I am fully persuaded that the Westw*^ branch 
is much the biggest for several miles up said Branch from 
where they come together. 

This is the Substance of the Report & evidence on our 
part relative to Newichwannock or Salmon fall River and the 
Norther Branch of it: which has influenced me and the 
Assembly to apprehend M'^ Bryant made a mistake in run- 
ning the Line in 1741 ; and I have here communicated it to 
you that you might consider it in connection with the Evi- 
dence already before you ; and that from a view of the whole 
you might be able to form a Judgment whether a mistake 
has been made or not. 

And in order that I may form a Judgment myself from a 
view of the whole Evidence & circumstances relative to this 
matter, I request the favor you would send me a Copy of 
the Plan, instruction & other papers & evidence mentioned 
above : the charge of which I shall order to be paid. 
I am &c 

Era. Bernard 



Letter, Giov. Bernard to Tho^ Qoldthwait Esif 

Jamaica Earm Sep* 28*'' 17B7 
Sir 

I communicated j'our Letter to the Council and upon full 
deliberation they advised that I should Order you to Aug- 
ment the Garrison with 8 men, if you shall still think it nec- 
essary. I send 3^ou a Copy of the Minute which must be 
your direction. You have two objects in view the repressing 
the insolence of the Indians & relieving the fears of the peo- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 53 

pie : iiiid if either of these shall require this inforcement, you 
must raise it. For it is expedient to guard not only against 
real danger, but against the ill consequences of the apprehen- 
sion of it; especially so detrimental as the unsettling that 
Country would be. And as these 8 men make but a small 
addition, I have thought of a method to double the Service 
with the same pay ; inlist IG men at half pay & half duty 
and let them relieve one another every week, the whole 
being paraded at the time of relieving and let them engage 
all to repair to the Castle upon a certain Signal. You will 
judge of the practicability of this : but at all Events let the 
men enlisted be cloathed as Soldiers ; it is in my Opinion a 
very material Circumstance I hope you attend to it. 

We have very unpleasing accounts of the frequent expos- 
ure of the Fort. It is said that it is allways in the hands of 
the Indians when they come to Trade in any number. I am 
sensible that so small a Garrison as you have now must occa- 
sion a great relaxation of discipline ; as there are not Men 
enough to exercise it upon. But you must keep up the 
forms of Discipline as well as you can. Let the Drumer 
beat all the usual beats, the reveille, the relief of Guard, the 
retreat and the tattoo. After the beating the latter, let the 
Keyes of the Gates be brought to you, and remain with you 
till the Reveille is beat next Morning. As for the danger 
arising from the trading, it will not be removed but by set- 
ting the Truck house out of the Fort which it seems to me 
must be done. 

I must desire you would do your best to quiet Peoples 
minds, that they mayn't think of deserting their Settle- 
ments ; which would be a great disgrace as well as a detri- 
ment to the Province. If the People are convinced that it 
is the smalness of the Garrison which has encouraged the 
Indians to insult and plunder them (as indeed it has been 
fully proved before the Council, that it is tlie chief or sole 



54 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

cause of it) they should petition the General Court & pray 
that they would allow for a larger Garrison. In such case 
they will have my Opinion on their side whether it will 
weigh more or less : I always expected that this reduction 
would have these Effects. 

I have sent you six Barrells of PoAvder for the use of the 
Fort, understanding that you have none but what belongs to 
the Truck Trade. I will write upon the subject of the 
Indians in a separate Letter that you may communicate it to 
them with more ease 

I am Sir &c 

Fra Bernard 

P. S. In regard to the Bridge, Platform & Outworks of the 
Fort, you must do what is necessary for their repair, as you 
propose, in the most frugal manner. — 



Letter, Gov. Bernard to Tho^ Goldthwait Esq. 

Boston Septem' 29"' 1767 — 
Sir 

I have received your Letter informing me of the Indians 
insulting & plundering the English Settlers. I know not 
whether my astonishment or resentment at these hostilities 
was the greater : and I should have immediately set about 
punishing the Authors of them, if you had not in the same 
Letter informed me that the Chiefs of the Tribe had apolo- 
gized for the Acts of their people and promised to make sat- 
isfaction. I am upon that account willing to leave this to a 
Treaty ; but expect that they satisfy not only the people for 
what they have lost, but the King's Government also for 
what his dignity has suffered by this insult upon his subjects. 

I had intended upon this occasion to have set out for Fort 
Pownall myself : but am obliged to wait here for particular 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 55 

Orders which I expect every day to receive from the King. 
I must therefore leave this negociation to you : and if the 
Chiefs with whom you have talked are sincere, I hope there 
will be no great difficulty in it. I must therefore desire that 
you will call them together as soon after you receive this as 
may be, and endeavour to reduce what we are to expect and 
they to undertake to as great a certainty as can be. 

Tell them that the Reduction of the Garrison which is 
supposed to have encouraged this insolence, was made by 
the confidence we had in their professions of friendship, and 
they should not have rendered our considering them as our 
friends a reason for treating us as Enemies. You have now 
an Order to augment the Garrison if you think fit, & tell 
them, that if nothing but Soldiers can keep them in order, 
they shall have Soldiers enough and higher up the River 
than they are at present. There is now at Halifax a Regi- 
ment quite unemployed ; and I can have from thence at an 
hours warning 2 or 300 Men to send up to Passidoukeag if 
it shall be necessary. If Phillip is among them, tell them I 
insist upon their delivering him up as a public disturber of 
the peace. For whilst they harbour such a Villain their 
Enemy as well as ours, they cannot expect that their profes- 
sions can gain credit with us. For if they are really our 
friends, they should show the same resentment against a 
Man who endeavours to make a Breach between us, which 
we do. If you can lay hold of that fellow send him to me 
in Irons ; and I will take care that he shant disturb Penob- 
scot again. 

Tell them not to deceive themselves with idle stories about 
u War between England & France. There never was a more 
cordial intercourse between the two Kings tlian tlicic is at 
present: tliere is nothing for tliem to (juarrel about. But if 
there should be a variance, N America will not be affected 
by it: for the French know well they can never get a foot- 



56 DOCUMENTARY HISTOHY 

ing in Canada again. So that if the Indians will fight on 
the side of France, they must do it by themselves. 

As to the satisfaction to be made to the Sufferers by these 
plunderers, if it is not made when this Letter arrives, I desire 
you will immediately demand it. And if they cannot pay 
directly let the damages be liquidated & allowed by the 
Indians, and let them give their note for the mony pa3'able 
as soon as can be. And dont be put off with a pretence 
that they dont know who did the mischief : they must know- 
it, and if they wont discover & deliver up particulars, they 
must answer for it in the whole. But if they are sincere & 
are really poor ( for I understand their pretended priest has 
plundered them unmercifully ) I would have them allov/ed 
all reasonable time for their payments, they giving Security 
as afores'^ 

As for the satisfaction to be made to the Government, you 
will consider what is due to it's honour and dignity, which 
has been violated upon this occasion. Tell them in general 
that I am really & truly their friend, and I desire that they 
would not oblige me to appear as their Enemy. — 

I am Sir &c 

Fra. Bernard 



Petition. Oct. 12, 1767 

To His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq"^ Governor & 
Commander in Chief of the Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay &c &c The Hon**'^ His Majesty's Council, And the 
Hon^^*' House of Representatives. 

The Petition of the Officers and Soldiers of Fort Pownall 
together with the Inhabitants in the new settlements adjacent 
thereto, humbly sheweth, That whereas we your Petitioners 
sometime past had the great advantage and satisfaction of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 57 

attending upon divine Service at Fort Pownall, while M"^ 
William Crawford was continued Chaplain to that Garrison, 
and also had his assistance as a Physician & surgeon, which 
has been a great Benefit to us who are placed at so great a 
distance from other help ; we would humbly represent, that 
we your humble Petitioners, have endeavour'd to give what 
Encouragement we could to cause M'^ Crawford to tarry 
amongst us But we are new settlers and most of us have but 
little to help ourselves with & as most of us who do not now 
belong to the Garrison, have been disbanded from it, & but 
very bare handed, so that if he has no assistance but w* we 
at present can afford him, he must unavoidably leave us, 
which will be ver}' hard as there is no Preaclier, nor Doctor 
within fifty Miles of this Place And as he has always done 
his Duty faithfully and to acceptance ; If this Hon'ble Court 
will see fit to continue him, it will be esteem'd a Great favor 
d(jne to your Petitioners, And your Petitioners As in Duty 
Bound will ever pray 

Penobscot River October 12, 1767. 
Tho Goldthwait Jedidiah Preble Ju^ Jeremiah Veasey 
William Wescutt Jon"* Lowder Jun"^ Sam" Cousens 
Josh** Treat William Pratt Joseph Lowel 

Lunchlan jVPLean William Oliver Asa Harriman 
Thomas Cooper Sebaen Colwell Moses Crags 

his 

Lach*"' M'"Donald Joseph Viles Mathew X Toben 

mark 

Samuel low Robert M'^Ferlend Jonathan Buck Jun"^ 

William Thomson Willem Berreck Jonathan Harrod 

Reuben Petcher William Maycock Jun"^ Kenneth M*^Kenzie 
Stephen Littlefield Paul Bouden Daniel X Warren 

Joshua M Tim X Pratt Samuel Ci'arge 

mark 

rJustavus Swan .bjhn Peirce Charls Curtis 

his 

JaiiH's Martin John X Bouden Joshua Eayr 

liii murk 

J(j.sliua X (irindle Daniel Lancaster Jac° Clay ford 

luurk 



58 DOCUISIENTARY HISTORY 

his 

Isaac Clewly Samuel Wilson John HMS Morton Smith 

his mark 

Jeremiah Thompson Eph™ X Stimson Donold X Godill 

mark 

Zethem French Hatr Collson James Clements 

his 

Josiah Collson Joseph X Page Ichabod Collson 

mark 

Timothy Clements Pierce Hurley 



Letter, from Denny s De Berdt 

London 21* of oct^ 1767 
Sir 

I have the Honour of your Letter from the House, and 
with regard to the affair of the Fishery : I had made applica- 
tion for removing your grievances before I rec*^ this your 
Letter from the House, and as I have heard no complaints 
this Season I flatter myself the Effort was not fruitless — 

I was well apprised how happily you were releived from 
the late difficulties of a paper currency and the contentment 
the sensible part of your Province experience in having a 
solid Medium to have ever recommended [ a change from a ] 
solid Coin to a precarious [ and doubtful paper ] currency 
and whenever the matter is under consideration, [ I hope you 
may repeat ] the precautions in your Letter — 

The Limits of the Colonies whenever any disputes arise 
about them are always refer'd to the Board of Trade and the 
Lords of Trade according to the evidence produced report 
the same to the King & Council : so that I can do nothing 
in the Matter as Agent of the Province untill my appoint- 
ment under the Seal of the Province is register'd at that 
Board : which would also give me additional weight in every 
other application. 

I am with the highest Esteem yours and the House's 

devoted Humble Servant 

Dennys De Berdt 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 59 

Extracts from Speech Dec. 30, 1767. 

" Gentlemen of the Council, and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives." 
" I have also to communicate a Letter which I have received 
from his Excellency Gov' Wentworth with several Inclosures 
relating to the dispute concerning the Boundary Line between 
that part of this Province called the Province of Maine and 
the Province of New Hampshire. I must desire that you 
will give these due Consideration as soon as you well can ; 
as the business is of long standing." 



Fra Bernard 



Council Chamber Decern^' 30'i> 1767 



Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To his Excellency Francis Bernard Esq"" Captain General 
& Commander in chief In & over his Majesties Province 
of the Massachusetts-Bay To the Hon^'^ his Majesties 
Council & To the Hon^^'' House of Representatives in 
general Court Assembled January 1768 
The Petition of Josiah Richardson Esq"^ Agent to a Num- 
ber of Petitioners (whose Names are herewith exhibitted 
wliose ancestors were on the Expedition against Canada in 
the year 1690 — Humbly shews That your Petitioner as 
agent as beforementioned preferred a Petition to this Court 
at their Sessions in June last which Petition was read & 
committed to a Com^^" of this Hon''^^ House whicli Com"'''^ 
(as your Pef has been informed ) thouglit The Prayer tliereof 
reasonable but as it was so near the Close of that Session the 
R'' Com"*® only reported that the Consideration of s'* Petition 
should be referred to the then next Session of tliis Hon'''" 
Court at which Session your Pef Attended when to his 
Great Surprize your Pc-f finds by a Vote of tiiis House of 



60 DOCUMENTATIY HISTORY 

the 1^^ of January Instant that your Petitioner might have 
Liberty to withdraw his s*^ Petition or Memorial Your 
Petitioner therefore most humbly prays That this hon''^^ Court 
would reassume the Consideration of s*^ Petition or Memorial 
& if this Hon^^* Court shall think proper make a Grant of 
some of the unappropriated Lands of this Province to your 
Petitioner & his Associates or let your Pef be heard by a 
Com"*'*^ as The Rest of the Sufferers in the aforesd Expedi- 
tion in the Year 1690 have Rec'' Grants from the general 
Court Your Petitioner Conceives that your Pet^ & his Asso- 
ciates are equallj^ entitle- to the same Grace & Favour we 
having proved our Heirship more than twenty years Ago & 
were prevented having our Grants compleated by tlie burn- 
ing of the Court House — 

all which is more fully expressed in the Pet" above 
referred to and herewith exhibited or that your Pet'" & his 
associates may be otherways relieved as this hon'''*^ Court 
shall think proper & your Pef as in Duty bound shall ever 
pray 

Josiah Richardson agent for the Petitioners 



Deposition. 1768. 

The Deposition of Simon Ayer of Haverhill of Laful Age 
who testifys and Says that he was at Newbury at the hous of 
M"" Whitman inholder in July the Twenty ninth 1765 At a 
Meeting of the Proprietors of Bakers Town so called when 
theer was aBought fifteen or sixteen of the Proprietors Meet 
together and that Maj*"^ Sam* Gerish and Cap* Moses Little 
Agent to said proprietors then Requested Security for the 
pay to them for thier Application for a New Township or 
that said proprietors would then Vote that their Agents 
should have the over Plush of Six Mile Squar or of a Certain 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 61 

measure then propos** in Case they Shold Obtain a Grant — 
And that it was then Voted that the agents Shnld have the 
over Plush on Certain Conditions and further Testifys that 
he is Fuly Perswaded and of oppinion that their was abowet 
five or six Proprietors that tlien Voted away the over Plush 
Land and that it was then agreed and Voted that the agents 
shuld Lay out the township and Lotts for the proprietors on 
thier own Cost and Charge and Repay the Proprietors the 
money they had then Advansed. 

Simon Ayer 

Haverhill Jan" 4*MT68 — 
N B I Never knew of the meting at m'' Whitmors 
inholder in Newbury may ^^ 27*^ 1765 Nor the word Prinsible 
Proprietor till after it was all over — 

Essex ss January 2P' 1768 Then the within Nanie'^ 
Simon Ayer apeared and made oath to the truth of tlie 
within declarences — 

before Nathaniel Peaslee Justice Peace 

Tlie above named Simon Ayer being asked whether lie was 
a proprietor of backers town and he declared he was 

Nathaniel Peaslee Justice Peace 



Message Jayi'J 10, 176S. 

(icDtlenioi of the House of Representatives 

1 hereby send you Copies of Advices I received from Fort 
Pownall some time ago with the proceedings of the Council 
thereupon and my Ordei's in pursuance thereof. From all 
these }()u will jx-rceive that tlic Indiims have been encour- 
aged by the late reduction of tlic (iiurison to an insolence, 
which had very near broke up all the Setllenients in that 
part of the Country ; and you must be convinced that if you 



62 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

would maintain your claim to the Lands on the East side of 
Penobscot, which is still disputed, and would encourage the 
improvement of the Country by population, you must provide 
for the security of the Settlers by making the Fort more 
respectable than it was when those disorders were committed. 

It will be also necessary for the Security of the Fort to 
remove the Truck house out of it. At present when the 
Indians who come in to Trade must be allowed to enter the 
Fort. It is impossible with the present small Garrison to 
keep a Guard sufficient to prevent its being surprised. 
Whereas if the Truck house was removed to a small dis- 
tance from the Fort, but under its cannon, It would be safe 
itself, and not endanger the Fort. A small expence will, 
serve to erect a building for that purpose. 

I also lay before you a Petition of the Inhabitants about 
Fort Pownall. It is not pretended that a Chaplain is neces- 
sary to the Garrison of the Fort reduced as it has been. But 
the Chaplain which you established there was the only Min- 
ister of the Gospel within a circle of One hundred Miles 
diameter now generally peopled tho' but thinly. And as the 
Settlers are not able to maintain a Minister of themselves, It 
is a Charity of the highest kind to assist them in providing 
for their spiritual Wants, by keeping up Religion among 
them ; of which they must otherwise be destitute. 

I have not as yet received any advice from Fort Pownfill 

that the Indians have made any satisfaction for the Mischiefs 

they have done, or given any assurance that they will not 

repeat the same. 

Fra Bernard 
Council Chamber January 19*^^ 1768 — 

Petition of Henry Y. Brown 1768. 

Province of the Mass*^ Bay 

To His Excell : Francis Bernard Esq, Cap* Gen' Gov"" & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 63 

Commander in chief Tlie Hon^ liis Majestys Council & 
House of Rep'"''* for said Province in General Court 
Assembled February 1768 

Humbly Shews Henry Young Brown 

That on the 23'i of January A: D: 1764 The General Court 
made him a Grant of a Township to be laid out on Saco 
River above Col° Joseph Frye's Township, The Conditions 
thereof will appear by said Grant, he laid it out according to 
said Court's directions & returned them a Plan of the same : 

On the 7*'' June following the Plan was accepted & the 
Lands thus laid out were confirmed to your Petit"^ & his heirs 
& assigns forever. 

In order to perform the Conditions of the Obligations he 
was under to settle said Lands he has been at the expence to 
move his Family & introduce a number of others into said 
Tbwnship where they have been at great expence in bringing 
forward said Settlement. 

In Nov'' 1765 He informed the Gen^ Court that the great- 
est part of said Township was claimed by the Province of 
New Hampshire, who then took the affair under consideration 
& directed him to proceed in the settlement thereof. 

Ill June 1766. He was directed to Prosecute any persons 
who should enter on said Township under tlie New Hamp- 
shire Title & defend all actions brought against him or his 
Setlers at the expence & under the directions of this (lov- 
ernnient. — 

Oct° 7^'* 1767. He was advised by His Excelly & the 
Hon° Council not to proceed in Law against those claiming 
under New Hampshire until the General Court could have 
an opportunity to consider the papers received from his 
Excell & Governor Wentworth. — 

After tlie great expenccs he has been at, and fatigue & 
tronhk; he lias endui-cd in tlie affair he is so situated that he 
is unable to reap any advantages by disposing of any part of 



64 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

said Lands but on the contrary is at continual expence in 
pursuing the directions of this Hon' Court 

Not only your Petif & his Setlers ; but this Province too 
he humbly apprehends will suffer b}' any longer delay in 
setling the Line 

Wherefore he humbly prays this Hon'' Court will take 
some speed}- & effectual measures to settle the Line afore- 
said, that he may reap some advantage from his great labors, 
and otherwise releivcd as j^our wisdom shall dictate 

And as in duty bound shall ever pray, 

Henry Young Brown 



Petition of John Cox 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay To his Excellency 
Francis Bernard Esq' Cap^ General & Governour of said 
Province, the Hon'''® his jNIajestj-s Council & House of 
Representatives in General Court assembled January 
1768 — 

Humbly shews John Cox of Falmouth in the County of 
Cumberland, That Samuel Waldo Esq"" Coll' of the Regiment 
in said County, in the Month of August 1758 impressed his 
Sloop called the Ranger, himself Master to carry about One 
Hundred & Forty Men belonging to said Regiment for 
Relief of S' Georges when attack'd by the Indians, that j'our 
Petitioner with five of his People together with his said 
Sloop were imployed Six Days in s'' Service for which he 
has never yet received one Farthing, altho he humbly con- 
ceives he is intitled to Forty eight Dollars viz* Eight Dollars 
g Day for his, his Peoples & Sloops Service. He has repeat- 
edly apply'd to Coll' Waldo for Payment, and has been as 
often refused, & told by the ColP to apply to the Province 
for Pay who had paid the Men that were sent. Wherefore 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 65 

he now resorts to your Excellency & Honours for Redress, 
humbly requesting that Such Recompence may be made him 
for said Service as to you shall seem meet, and as in Duty 
bound will ever pray — 

John Cox — 
The petitioner rec^^ Pay for the same Sloop in the Kings 
Service in the Year 1760 129 Tuns and an half 

In the House of Representatives Feb^ 9 1768 
Resolvd that the Sum of Twelve Pounds be allowd & 
paid out of the publick Treasury to the Petitioner in full of 
the Services within mentiond 

Sent up for Concurrence 

T Cushing Spk'' 

In Council Feb^ 10. 1768. Read & Concurred 

A Oliver Sec^ 

Consented to Fra. Bernard 



Resolve. 

In the House of Representa*" Feb" 15, 1768 

The House taking under consideration his Excels Message 
of the 19*^'' Jan^ with respect to Fort Pownall 

Resolved that there be a farther Establishment of Eight 
privates for the defence of said Fort at the rate of one pound 
four shill*^ g"" month, and also for One Chaplain at the rate of 
four pounds g' Month, ending the 20"' of June next 

Sent up for Concurrence T Cushing Speaker 

In Council 15 Fcb^ 1765 Read & Concurred 

A Oliver Sec^ 

Consented to Fra P>cniard 



66 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Message. Feb. 16, 1768. 

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives 

in answer to your Message of the 13*** inst. I find it nec- 
essary to inform you that soon after the Letter of the Earl of 
Shellurne was read in your House I ordered a Copy of it to 
be given to the Speaker to be used as He should think fit, 
upon condition that no other Copy should be taken thereof: 
I am very willing that the Copy in the Speakers hands should 
be communicated to you in Any Manner which is consistent 
with that restriction. 

I know of no letters of my own which I think can be of 
any use to you upon this occasion. 

I quite agree with you in Opinion that all effectual Meth- 
ods should be taken to cultivate an Harmony between the 
several branches of the Legislature of this Government, as 
being necessary to promote the prosperity of the province : 
and I shall chearfully join with you in all proper Measures 
for so Salutary a purpose. 

Fra Bernard 

Council Chamber Feb. 16, 1768 



Extract from Message to the Governor. 

In the House of Representatives Feb'"^ 18^^ 1768 

Ordered, That M"" Hancock, Major Fry ColP Richmond 
Coll Noyes & Coll° Stoddard be a Committee to wait upon 
his Excellency the Governor, and present to him the follow- 
ing Answer to his Message of the 16"' Instant. 

T Gushing Speaker 

" May it please your Excellency, 

your Message of the 16'^*' Instant has been read and duly 
considered in the House of Representatives, The manner in 



OF THE MAINE OF STATE 67 

which your Excellency was pleased to introduce into this 
House the Letter from the Right Honorable the Earl of Shel- 
burne, by giving Orders to the Secretary to read it without 
leaving a Copy, appeared to be unprecedented and unparlia- 
mentary, but this made but a light Impression on the House, 
when the jMembers recollected as far as they could the unfa- 
vorable Sentiments his Lordship thought himself necessitated 
to entertain of the two Houses of this Assembly, and of some 
particular Members in this House, whose Characters in the 
Opinion of the House stand unimpeachable — Under this 
Apprehension they thought it necessary for their own Vindi- 
cation humbly to request your Excellency to favor them with 
a Copy of his Lordship's Letter ; and as it appeared to them 
that his Lordship had formed his Sentiments of the two 
Houses and their Members from your own Letters to which 
he referred, the House thought they could not do themselves 
and their Members Justice unless they could be favored with 
a Sight of them also, and accordingly requested it of your 
Excellency." 



Bill for incorporating Phillipstoivn. 1768. 

Anno Kegni Regis Georgii tertii octavo. 

An Act for erecting a Tract of Land of eight Miles Square 
call^ Phillips town Joyning upon the North West end of the 
Town of Wells in the County of York ; into a Town by the 
Name of 

Whercius the erecting of that Tract of Land call'' Phillips 
Town into a Town will greatly Contribute to tlic (Jrowtli 
Thereof, and Remedy many Inconveniences to whicii the 
Inhabitants and Proprietors may be Otherwise Subject — 



68 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

Be it ennacted by the Governor Council and House of 
Representatives that the Tract aforesaid Bounded as follow- 
eth — viz Lying on the North West end of the Town of 
Wells West of Kennebunk River East of the Town of Ber- 
wick and North by Province Grants in part & in part by 
unappropriated Lands be and hereby is erected into a Town 
by the Name of and that the Inhabitants 

Thereof be and hereby are invested with all Powers Priv- 
illedges and Immunities which the Inhabitants of the Towns 
within this Province do enjoye 

And be it further ennacted that Benj* Chadburne Esq'' be 
and he hereby is Impowered to Issue his Warrant Directed 
to some Principal Inhabitant of said Town Requireing him 
to Warn the Inhabitants of said Town who have an Estate 
of Freehold According to Charter to meet at such Time and 
place as shall be therein set fourth to Chuse all such Officers 
as are or Shall be Required by Law to mannage the Affairs 
of said Town. 

In the House of Representatives Feb. 19 1768 

Read a first time — P.M. Read a second & third time & 
passed to be engrossed 

Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Speaker 

In Council Feb'^ 20. 1768 — Read a first Time — 

Read a second time and passed a concurrence to be 

engrossed. 

A Oliver Sec^ 



Petition of Selectmen of Sanford. 1768. 

To his Excellency Francis Bernard Esq" Governor & Com- 
mander in Cheif in and over the Provmce of the Massachu- 
setts Bay &c : To the Honourable his Majestys Council and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 69 

the Honourable House of Representatives in General Court 
assembled may 17G8 

The Petition of Benjamin Harmon Naptali Harmon and 
John Stanyan Selectmen of the Town of Sanford in the 
County of York in behalf of said Town Humbly Shews 

That said Town was Incorporated into a Town the present 
year, and that the assessors have Taken the valuation as by 
Law Directed according to the best of there Understanding, 

That there is a Considerable number of Polls Contained in 
the list of Valuation of People latly come in said Town from 
the Province of N. Hampshire in Very Poor Carcomstances 
and as your Petitioners apprehends there stay Avill be very 
Short as they have no Lands of there own, And that most of 
the Inhabitants of said Town are very Poor and unable to 
Support them Selves, That they are Destitute of a minister 
and School Master which by Law they are now obliged to be 
Provided with nor have they any Meeting House in said 
Town, That the Town is now obliged to Clear & Make 
new Roads through the Town Leading to other new Towns 
beyond them, the Lands in General but very Ordinary they 
Never had any help from the Proprietors to Enable them to 
support the Gospel or Making Roads in said Town and the 
setlers but Smal Tracts of Lands for Settlements, Tho : the 
Township is Eight Miles Square Your Petitioners appreliendg 
that a Province Tax Even a Poll Tax would Greatly Dis- 
tress the Inhabitants of s** Town 

Wherefore your Petetioners Humbly prays your Excellency 

and Honours that you will not Lay any Province Tax on said 

Town the present year on the Polls and Estates — That they 

may be Enabled to Settle tlie Gospel wliich they are now 

Engageing and in And Your Petitioners as hi Duty Hound 

shall Ever pray 

Fx'iij'* Harmon 

Naptali Ilaiiiion 

John Stanyan 



70 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Deposition. 

I Josiah Richardson of Lawful! age testify e and say that 
Ever since the year A D 1737 I have acted as an Agent for 
a numb' of Petitioners whose anchestors ware in the Expedi- 
tion to Canada in the year 1690 and in the year 1737 I in 
behalfe of my selfe and my assoetits prefered a petition to the 
Honarable Grate and Genarail Court praying for a Grant of 
Land to be Mad to us on account of our s** anchester being 
in the s** Expedition ( as many oathers had ) had before for 
their Grat Suffering and Services in the s'^ Expedition and 
that by a Grat Number of memorials I have Revived the s'' 
petition from time to time and now I Do Testeyfye and 
Declare that to my Sertain Knoledge theire never as yet has 
ben auey Grant of Land made to them on account of their 
Anchesters being in the said Expedition witteness my hand 
this 23<^ Day of may: 1768 

Josiah Richardson 

Middlesex ss may y'' 23'^^i 1768 

the above said Josiah Richardson Parsonaley appeared 
befor me the Subcriber one of his majests Justices of the 
Peace for the Countey of middle and after being Carfulley 
Examined and Duley Cautioned to Testeyfye to the truth 
mad oath to the truth of the above Declaration aboves*^ by 
him Subscribed 

before me Jos : Buckminster 



Prov* of the Mass"* Bay 

To his Excellency Francis Bernard Esq Governor m chief 
in and over his Majestys Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay in New England ; The hon^"' his Majesty's Council 
and House of Representatives in Gen' Court assembled 
the 25"' of May A D 1768 — Humbly shews 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 71 

The Freeholders & other Inhabitants of the Town of 
Windham in the County of Cumberland legally assembled 
for this purpose at said Windham on the twenty eighth day 
of March A D 1768 

That Your petitioners presented their petition to the Gen^ 
assembly of this province in May 1767 — 

Wherein they set forth that the Inhabitants of said Town 
wei'e at " a great charge and expence in settleing and sup- 
" porting public Worship amongst them and also that large 
"sums were still wanting for clearing Roads and making 
" them passable &c And that the proprietors of said Town 
" had laid out and appropriated most of tlieir Lands into 
" hundred acre Lots which /except the very small part that 
"was under actual improvement/ could not be charged with 
" any Sort of taxes by the Town or proprietors tho' the clear- 
" ing and preparing Roads is principally for the proprietors 
" advantage Wherefore your petitioners prayed that the 
" Assessors or Selectmen of y® s*^ Town for the Time being 
" might be authorized and impower'd to assess on every Acre 
" of the several 100 acre Lots in said Town not otherways taxed 
" one penny yearly to be paid into the Town Treasury there 
" to be applied to the uses aforementioned and that such 
" payment might be inforced by such ways and means as to 
" your Excellency and the Hon''^^ Court should seem meet "- 
In answer to which petition a Memorial was presented to tlie 
General Court then sitting by Nathan Bowen Jeremiah Lee 
and Isaac Mansfield Esq" a Committee of the proprietors of 
the Town of Windham in which they set forth that tliey did 
not oppose the Tax prayed for, but prayed that by a public 
Act of the Government The Assessors of the said Town of 
Windham for three Years then next ensuing migiit be 
authorized and impower'd to assess yearly one penny on 
every acre of every 100 Acre Lott in the said Town not 
otherways taxed, except ministerial & scliool Lands and that 



72 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Assessors of s** Town by such Act be impower'd to 
enforce the payment of such Tax by legal sale of so much of 
the delinquent Lands as shall be necessary to pay the said 
Tax and charges &c as by the petition and Memorial afore- 
mentioned Copies whereof herewith exhibited will more fully 
appear — 

Upon which petition the third of March last the whole 
Court resolved, " That the assessors of the said Town of 
" Windham for three years next ensuing be authorized and 
" impower'd to assess one penny g acre on every 100 Acre 
" Lot in said Town not otherways taxed, except ministerial 
" and school Lands, & that y^ s*^ assessors be impower'd to 
" enforce the payment of such Tax by Legal Sales of so much 
" of the delinquent Lands as shall be necessary to pay the 
" said Tax and charges thereupon arising ; & that y" s^ Town 
" be impower'd in their March meeting for the said three 
" Years next coming to chuse two Collectors, one of them to 
" be an inhabitant of Marblehead and that one half of the 
" money raised by s'^ Tax be paid into the hands of the Treas- 
" urer of said Town of Windham to be by them applied to 
" the paying the ministerial & other Town charges, the other 
" half to be paid to the proprietors Treasurer to be by them 
" apphed to the opening and making passable such ways as 
" still remain in a Wilderness state as by said Order on file 
" will fully appear " 

Now your petitioners humbly shew that many of the 
Inhabitants and proprietors of y^ s"^ Town of Windham are 
apprehensive that the authority given by the afores"^ recited 
Resolve or Order of Court is insufficient for the purposes 
therein mentioned and that in Case Sale should be made 
agreeable to said Resolve of the delinquent Lands the pay- 
ment of s"* Tax /especially as the Method or Manner of Sale 
is not therein particularly pointed out or described and they 
are at a loss to know what was intended by a legal Sale/ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 73 

Differences and Disputes may hereafter arise & that Harmony, 
peace and Concord which has hitherto subsisted between the 
proprietors and Inhabitants of y" s*^ Town of Windham /& 
which they wish still to preserve/ may be disturbed and 
broken Wherefore your pef* humbly pray your Excellency 
& Honors that the payment of the Taxes afores^ may be 
enforced by an Act or Law of tlie province expHcitly deter- 
mining the Method and Manner of such Sale of the delin- 
quent Lands as may be necessary for raising the Taxes afores*^ 
and also that your petitioners may be specially impower'd 
to chuse at a future Town meet^ two Collectors for the 
gathering the Tax afores'^ for the ensuing year which was 
neglected at their Town meeting in March last by reason of 
the difficulties afores*^ or otherwise relieve your pef^^ as in 
your Wisdom shall seem meet & as in duty bound shall ever 
pray & — 

Signed by Order of Abraham Anderson 

the Town 



Resolve 

The following Order passed on tlie Petition of Abraham 
Anderson in behalf of the Town of Windham viz* 

In tlie House of Represent^ March 8'' 17G8 

Resolved That the assessors of the said Town of Windham 
for three years next ensuing be authorized and impowered to 
assess yearly one penny g acre on every liundred acre Lot in 
said Town of Windham not otherwise taxed, except Minis- 
terial and S(-lio()l Lands That the said assessors be impow- 
ered to (enforce the payment of such Tax by legal Sale of so 
much of the delinquent J^ands as shall be n(!(;(!ssary to pay 
said Tax and Charges thereup(jM arising; and that Uu; said 



74 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Town be impowered iii their March Meeting for the said 
three years next coming to chuse two Collectors, one of whom 
to be an Inhabitant of Marblehead and That one half of the 
Money raised by said Tax be paid into the hands of the 
Treasurer of the said Town of Windham to be by them 
applied to the paying the Minister and other Town Charges ; 
the other lialf to be paid into the Proprietors Treasury to be 
by them applied to the opening & making passable such ways 
as still remain in a Wilderness State 

Sent up for Concurrence T Cushing Spk"^ 

In Council Marcli 4*" 1768 Kead & Concurred 

Jn° Cotton D Secry 

Consented to Fra Bernard 

A true Copy Exam*^ g Jn° Cotton D Secry 



Petition of Inhab*^ of Sehascodegin Island. 1768. 

Province of the Mass"* Bay 

To His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq"^ Governour and 
Commander in Cheif of said Province The Hon'^^'^ His 
Majestys Councill and the Honourable House of Repre- 
sentatives of said Province in General Court Assembled 
on May 25, 1768.— 
The Petition of the Inhabitants of Sebascodegin Island in 
the District of Harpswell in the County of Cumberland. 
Most humbly Sheweth 
That in the Act of Incorporation of said District about 11 
Years past, said Island by the Name of Great Sebascodegin 
Island ahas Shapleigh's Island, was included in said Act, & 
annexed to said District of Harpswell, that when this was 
done we were but few in Number, not of our Motion, or 
Choice, nor were we so much as advised with, yet we Sub- 
mitted to this Act of Government from a Principle of Duty, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 75 

and from the Encouragement then given us, that whenever 
we were able to support the Gospell among our Selves, that 
the Other Inhabitants Setled on Merryconeag Neck would 
readily consent to our being sett off as a distinct Parish : 
And in particular when the Rev*^ M' Samuel Eaton was 
setled this was publickly mentioned & conceded to, at a 
meeting of said Inhabitants, altho' no formal vote was 
passed, or any Record made thereof, yet this appeared to be 
the Sence of many then present. Your Petitioners beg 
leave to represent to your Excellency, & Honours, that there 
are now setled on said Island about fifty Families, and at 
their own Cost & Charge they have erected, & built a Meet- 
ing house on said Island to the Expence of Three hundred 
pounds, lawfull Money, and have now a Gentleman preach- 
ing to us in whom we are all well united and he v/ould be 
encouraged to stay among us ; altho' our Abilities are com- 
paratively small, yet if we could obtain the Favour of this 
Court so as to be sett off a chstinct Parish, it would greatly 
contribute to our Increase, and under the Divine Blessing & 
Protection to our future Prosperity, & Welfare by which 
our Ability to support the Gospell among us would be 
enlarged. For which purpose we have iirst applyed to our 
Christian Brethren for their Consent, who have ( not\Adth- 
standing their former Encouragement given us, & not 
regarding the great Difficulties we are exposed to in Travell 
by Land as well as water, which in a tempestuous Season, 
which often happens, is impracticable for our Wives & Chil- 
dren ) unkindly denyed their Consent to our being Sett off a 
distinct Parish, when by estimation many of the Inhabitants 
on said Island live at the Distance of 12, 18 & 14 Miles 
from the stated place of Worship on said Neck, which in the 
Winter Season is attended with great Hazard & Danger to 
our Lives to gett tliere, in crossing the River on many 
Accounts which might be mentioned. — 



76 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

We acknowledge that by Agreement it is provided, that 
the Minister shall preach to the Inhabitants living on said 
Island One third part of the Year, but by reason of the 
above mentioned Difficulties in travelling, and the Infirmity 
of Body under which the Rev*^ M"^ Eaton Labours, this is not, 
nor cannot be fully performed, & we are thereby deprived of 
this Advantage for our Selves & Children. — 

We are free to declare to this Honoured Court, that it is 
not from any disaffection to our present Pastor, whom we 
highly esteem & honour, nor from any want of Affection to 
our Christian Brethren that we are seeking this, but we trust 
from a Sincere Regard to the Divine Institutions, & that we 
may have the enjoyment of those Christian Priviledges, to 
wliich we think our Selves Justly entitled. 

In a humble dependance on the Favour of this Honoured 
Court we hope that the Reasons and Motives offered on our 
part, will have that Influence with your Excellency, & Hon- 
ours as to take the Prayer of this Petition into your wise 
consideration, and direct that the Inhabitants on said Island 
may be erected into a Separate Precinct, that so we may 
enjoy the Priviledges of the Gospell in common with other 
Christians, in a more decent & convenient Manner, or other- 
wise grant that Releif to your Petitioners as your Excellency 
& Honours shall in your Wisdom Judge meet: And your 
Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever pray, &c 
Abiezer Holbrook Joseph Combs Anthony Combs juner 

Jonathan Holbrook T Small jun Jolm Ross 

Isaac Snow Joseph Lincoln Joseph Ross 

John Snow Josiah Wells John Matthews 

Ehsha Snow Simon Page Paule Ray mon 

Samuel Williams John Rankins Stephen De 

William Thompson Isaac Hall Phillip Aubens 

Joseph Thompson Isaac Hall jun'' James Stacpole 

James Ridley John Hall Willam Stacpole 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 77 

James Ridley juner Thomas Ross Small 

Simeon Hopkins Joseph Hall Samuel Mores 

James Rankins Naty Hall Ezeikel demons 

Constant Rankins David Welch Wiliem Hasey 

Nathanael Purenton Anthony Combs 

Resolve, In the House of Representitives June y® 2*^ 1768 
Resolved that y*^ Petitioners Notify the District of Harps- 
well by Leaveing An attested Coppy of this Petition with 
the Clerk of said District to shew cause if any they have on 
the second Wedensday of the next Seting of this Court why 
the Prayer there of should not be granted. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

In Council 2*^ June 1768 Read and Nonconcurred 

A Ohver Sec^ 

Petition of the Selectmen of Grorham ^^ June 1, 1768.^'' 

To his Excellency Francis Bernard Esq"^ Captain General 
and Governour in Chief in and over his Majesties Province 
of the Massachusets Bay in New England The Honourable 
his Majesties Council and House of Representatives in Gen- 
eral Court Assembled 

The Petition of the selectmen of the Town of Gorham in 
the name of said Toa\ti Humbly sheweth That by reason of 
the Many Misfortunes that has happened in said Town 
within these few years and the settlement of a minister of 
the Gospel among us, brings on us a burthen which we find 
exceeding hard to bare and the exceeding scarcity of mony 
adds weight to that burthen, and inasnmch as two thirds of 
the lands in Gorham is owned by non resident Proprietors 
who are Equally benefitted in the raising Price of their Lands 
witli those that are Resident proprietoi\s, and that by the 
settlers improvements and their iiiuUiplicatioii in said Town 
as to Numbers, and the Settlement of tiie (iospel ln-rc, We 



78 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

are humbly of the opinion that the non Resident proprietors 
are hekl in Justice to Contribute something towards the 
defraying the Charges of the Gospel Ministry among us for 
That who feels the benefit ought to feel the burden was 
never a bad maxim, we therefore Humbly pray that your 
Excellency and Honours would take the affair under your 
wise Consideration and Order so much upon the Acre on all 
unimproved Lands already Divided into Lots in said Town 
not otherwise paying taxes as Your Excellency and Honours 
shall in your Great Wisdom order and for such Time as may 
be Convenient which sum so ordered, be for the support of 
the Gospel in said Place and your Petitioners as in Duty 
bound shall ever pray 

Joseph Crates ^ Selectmen 

Edmund Phinney > of 

Hugh M4alen ) Gorham 

Memorial of 'James Small and others to be set from the First 
Parish in Falmouth to the District of Cape Elizabeth. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England 1768 
To his Excellency Francis Barnard, Esq*" Captain General 
and Governor in Chief in and over his Majestyes Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, and Vice 
Admiral of the Same — 

To the Honourable his Majesty's Council. And the Hon- 
ourable House of Representatives, in the Create and General 
Court assembled 

This memorial Humbley Shewetb, that we your Memorial- 
ists and our Estates ware Some Years ago Set of fi'om the 
( then ) Second Parish in Falmouth to the first Parish in 
said Town by an Act of the Honourable Court. But find- 
ing it burdensom to cross the Water to attend Publick Wor- 
ship, with the other Disadvantages attending the same, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 79 

Influenced your Memorialists some time ago to Petition to 
the Honourable Court Praying to be Set back again, tiie 
Prayer whereof has not as yet bin Granted. But when Said 
Second Parish was Incorporated into a District, we appre- 
hended that we no more belonged to the First Parish in Fal- 
mouth, but to the District of Cape Elizabeth, and accordingly 
we have been Raited in said District to the Minister and 
Sundrey of us have Paid Said Raits and have got Receils, 
Yet Not With Standing they Continnue to Rait us to the 
first Parish in' Said Falmouth. 

Therefore as we your Memorialests do Receive Gosple 
Priviledges m Said District, we are desirous of Paying our 
Raits there. And whereas some of us the Subscribers under 
Stand that names have been lately returnd into the Secre- 
taryes Office by a Committee of the First Parish in Falmouth 
Seting forth our Desires to be continnued to said first Parish, 
which Signing was Obtained in an unfair way. 

Therefore we your Memorialests humbley Pray that we 
whoes Names are hereunto Subscribed Ma}', with our Estates 
be Set from the first Parish in said Falmouth to the District 
of Cape Elizabeth, as your Memorialests in duty bound shall 
Ever Pray. 

Saml Skillin .lames Small Loring Cushing 

Anthony Strout Jonathan Loveitt humphry Richards 
Eben"" 'J'honidike Daniel Strout George Roberds 

John Robinson Joseph Sawyer Vallentin Wieman 

Nathanell Jordan juu'' Jonathan Mitchell Robert Thorndikc 
Robert Thorndick Jn'^ Robert Stanford Joshua Strout 
Joseph Stanford Samuel dyer Th(»nias Cushing 

Thomas Fickett Isaac Loveitt .losiah Stanford Ju'' 

Samuel Dunn Samuel Skillin Juiir 

" Pet" of James Small & others — 

May 30, 17fJ9 Read ord'' to ly June (I 1 7(iH. 

Cap. Fuller, D"" Calef, M"" Nye. .lunc Ki, rep' accepted." 



80 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Report. 1768. 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration the 
petition of Icliabod Jones and others, have attended that Ser- 
vice, heard the petitioners and fully considered the same beg 
leave to report it as our opinion, that the Tract of land 
described in their said petition be granted to the petitioners 
their heirs and assigns forever Agreeable to the form of a 
Vote herewith Exhibited — 

All which is humbly submitted 



Vote. 1768. 

In the House of Representatives June 7 1768 

Voted That the Petition of Ichabod Jones and Seventy 
nine others his Associates, be so far granted, as that there be 
and hereby is granted unto him the said Ichabod Jones, and 
his Associates named in the Annexed petition, their heirs and 
assigns forever as Tenants in Common, One Township of 
Land situate lying and being to the Westward of S* Croix 
about Eight or ten leagues, which Tract of land is now 
knoAvn by the Name of Machias, and is bounded as follows 
viz* beginning at a dry Rock at a place called the Eastern 
Bay near the House of M'' Samuel Holmes and extending 
North ten degrees West, ten Miles then West ten degrees 
South eight Miles, then South ten degrees East ten Miles, 
then East ten degrees North eight miles to the first mentioned 
bounds ; 

That they return a Plan of the same ( taken by a Surveyor 
and Chain Men on Oath ) to this Court for further Confirma- 
tion, on or before the first day of June next ; 

That they within Six years after they shall obtain his maj- 
esty's approbation of this Grant ( unless prevented by War ) 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 81 

Settle the said Township with Eighty good Protestant Fam- 
ilies, and build Eighty Houses, none to be less than eighteen 
feet Square, and seven feet Stud, and clear and cultivate five 
Acres of Land on each Share fit for Tillage or Mowing, and 
that they build in said Township a suitable Meeting House 
for the Publick Worship of God, and settle a learned Prot- 
estant Minister, and make Provision for his Comfortable and 
honourable Support: and that in said Township there be 
reserved and appropriated, four whole Rights or Shares in 
the Division of the same ( accounting to one Eighty fourth 
part a Share ) for the following purposes viz*^ One for the first 
Settled or Ordained Minister his heirs and assigns forever ; 
one for the use of the Ministry, one to and for the use of 
Harvard College ; and one for the use of a School forever : 
And if any of the Grantees or Proprietors of said Township 
shall neglect within the Term of Six Years as before men- 
tioned, to do and perform according to the Several Articles 
respecting the Settlement of his Right or Share as hereby 
enjoined, his Mdiole Right or Share shall be entirely forfeited 
and enure to the use of the Province, Provided nevertheless 
the Grant of the above Lands is to be void and of none Effect, 
unless the Grantees do obtain liis Majesty's Confirmation of 
the same in Eighteen Months from this time — 

And be it further Ordered as a Condition of the Grant 
aforesaid, tliat eacli Grantee give Bond to the Treasurer of 
this Province; for the time being, and to his Successors in said 
office, for the sum of P"'ifty pounds for the use of tliis Prov- 
ince for the faithfull performance of the duties required, 
according to the Tenour of the Grant aforesaid: and that a 
('nimiiittcc or ( 'oiiimittees be appointc(l by this Court to take 
Bonds accordingly. — 

And furtlier Ordered Tliat the said Committees be impow- 
cred to admit others as Cirantccs in the room of siicli jicisons 
i-oiitained in the list aforesaid, who sliall neglect to ;q)[)ciir by 



82 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

themselves or others in their behalf to give Bonds at such 
time as the Committee shall appoint — 

And its further orderd that as this township is remote from 
the Centre of the Province and at a great Distance from his 
majesties Surveyor of his woods and timber, that the s'^ Peti- 
tioner take Especial Care not to Cutt or Destroy any of his 
majesties timber on or about s'^ Township. 

Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk' 

In Council June 9^'' 1768 Read & Concurred 

Jn° Cotton D: Secry 
Consented to — 



Report. 

The Committee appointed to consider the Petition of Henry 
Young Brown having attended that Service beg Leave to 
report, That they have received from him the following Pro- 
posals which they humbly submit to the Consideration of this 
j^Qj-^bie House viz* That if the Province will discharge him of 
& from one half the Debt due from him to the Province on 
Account of his Bond & pay half the Expences incurred by 
him and sundry other Inhabitants of the Tract of Land he 
purchased of this Province, in setling & improving the same 
& also the cost & Charges incurred by him in Pursuance of 
the Orders of this Court then he will release this Province 
from all Claims which he has or may or ought to have upon 
them in Justice Equity or Favor on Account of their Grant 
to him of the Tract aforesaid and any Votes Orders and 
Resolves passed by this Court relative to his Conduct in 
Defence of the same — 

W" Browne d'' order — 

June 15*'^ 1768 — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 83 

Petition of David Bean <f others. 1768. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To His Excellency Fra : Bernard Esq"" Captain General and 
Comander in Cheife in and over said Province the Hon^^® 
his Majestys Council & House of Representatives in 
General Court assembled at Boston May — 1768 
The memorial of David Bean Nathaniel Harmon and Josiah 
Simpson in behalf of themselves and others Grantees of a 
certain Township lying in the Territory of Sagadahock granted 
by the Gen' Court in the year 1762 humbly Shew- 
That in the Grant of said TowTiship a Proviso was therein 
contained tliat unless the said Grantees should obtain his 
majestys approbation of said Grant in Eighteen Months after 
that Time ; that the said Grant should be void. That since 
the expiration of said Eighteen months the General Court by 
a Resolve lengthed out the Time for obtaining the approba- 
tion of his majesty which last Time is also expired — 

Tliat altho: the said Grantees have been at great Expence 
in bringing Forward said Settlement, there being now already 
thirty Families Settled in said To^\■n, have not yet obtained 
his majestys Approbation and are in Danger of having said 
( J rant become Void unless a further Term be allowed to 
them — 

They therefore pray your Excellency & Honors will take 
the matter under Consideration, and grant unto said Grantees 
such further Time for obtaining s'^ approbation as in your 
wisdom shall be tho* best. & as in Duty bound Shall ever 

pray. 

David Bean 

Nath" Ihiniion 

Josiali Simpson 

In tlie House of Representatives Tlic 2s"' ,]\u\v 176S 

Resolved, 'I'lml the Piayci' of tliis Petition \)v granted and 
that the Gi'iiiitees of the Towiisliij) l^iii^- in the TriTJloi-v of 



84 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Sagadahock granted by the general Court in March 1762 to 
David Bean & others be allowed the further Time of Eighteen 
Months from this Day to ol)tain his Majesties Approbation 
Sent up for Concurrence T. Cushing Spk"" 

In Council June 28*'' 1768 — Read and Concurred 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

Consented to Fra Bernard 



Letter, W^"' Tyng, " Sheriff of Cumberland " to Gov. Bernard 

Falmouth July 12*1^ 1768 
Sir 

I think it my duty to acquaint your Excellency, that last 
Evening a Number of Men ( thirty or more ) armed with 
Axes Clubs & other weapons, surrounded the Goal in this 
Town, broke it open, resqued from thence two men named 
John Huston and John Sanborn, who were convicted of a 
Riot at the last Assizes, held in Falmouth ; - I have offered 
a Rewai'd of four pounds for any of tlie resequers, and forty 
shillings for each, or either of the two Criminals, which I 
hope will meet your Excellencys approbation. — 
I am with great respect 

your Excellencys humble servant 

Will'" Tyng 



Letter, Dudley Carlton to Col. Groldthwait 

These are humbly to request the Favor of Coin' Goldthrite 
to represent to his Excellency y® Governor, the true State 
and Circumstances of tliat Part of y® Province, to y* East 
and Northward of Penobscut River ; relating to the Timber 



OF THE STxlTE OF MAINE 8o 

fit for bis Majestys Use for the Navy, with - it is said to 
abound. And as it is a very wrong & Misrepresentation, as 
to those six Townships granted by the General Court to 
David Marsh & others, would humbly pray his Excellency 
to write home in Favor of the Proprietors, as there is a 
Number of them setled in Consequence of said Grant, in 
order to bring forward the Settlement, without suspecting 
but that his Majesty's Approbation might be obtained, as it 
would be the Enlargement of his Majesty's Dominions with 
Respect to his Subjects ; & a Means of rooting out the Sav- 
ages, where it has always been a Nursery for them. And if 
tliose Families that are Setled, must be removed, it of Con- 
sequence = be the Ruin of a great Number of Families, and 
break up some Societies, where they have, for several Seasons 
had the Gospel preached to them. 

And if his Excellency would use his Influence in Favor of 
the Case, by setting it in a true & just Light, would greatly 
oblige his humble Petitioner, as in Duty bound shall ever 

pray 

Dudley Carlton 



Earl of Stirling's Advertisement. 

To Be Sold. 

A Tract of Land of one Hundred Thousand Acres, situate 
on the East Side of Penobscot River, in the Eastern Part of 
New England, on the following Conditions, vis. 

The Tract is to be divided and laid out in One Hundred 
Lots, of 1000 Acres eacli, bounding VVeslcrly on the said 
River. 

The Puichaser of each Lot, is to pay One Hundred 
Pounds Sterling down, or secure the Payment thereof by 
Mortgage of the Laud, or otherwise, and shall be entitled 



86 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

also to a Town Lot of Half an Acre, in a Town called, 
Alexandria, laid out at the Mouth of the River, and fronting 
on Penobscot Bay ; the whole to be held free of Quit Rent 
for ever. 

The Purchaser is, on each 1000 Acre Lot, within three 
Years after the first Day of July, 1769, to settle at least one 
Family, or shall then forfeit his Grant; in which Case the 
Consideration ]\Ioney shall be returned, with Interest, at Five 
per Cent. 

A Map of the whole, with a State of the Title, is to be 
seen at the Earl of Stirling's Office at Baskinridge in Somer- 
set County ; at John Smith's Esq ; at Perth-Amboy ; At 

Cornelius Low's, Junior, Esq ; at New Brunswick ; and at 
Isaac Ogden's, Esq ; at Newark, alio m New Jersey ; at 
Philip J. Livingston's Esq; in Bayard-Street, and at M'' 
Gerard Buncker's, near the Exchange, in New-York ; at 
Jared Ingorsel's, Esq ; at New-Haven, in Connecticut ; and 
Messrs. Hazen and Jarvis's, at Newberry, in Massachusetts 
Bay. 

All Persons inclining to be concerned in this Purchase, 
are desired to enter their Names at either of the above 
Places, on or before the first Day of November next, in Order 
that the respective Deeds may be prepared. 

Penobscot Bay is one of the finest on the Coast of New 
England ; it abounds with Sea-Fish ; its Navigation is safe 
and easy to Ships of any Burden. That Part of the River, 
on which this Tract is laid out, begins within two Leagues 
of the Bay ; the Lands are as good as any in America, taking 
so large a Tract together : The Town Spot and the Islands 
in its Neighbourhood, are admirably well situated for the 
carrying on the Cod-Fishery ; the Rivers have great Plenty 
of Salmon. Those who have their Names first entered, will 
have the Advantage of taking the first Choice of their Lots 
as to Situation. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 87 

If this Offer to the Pubhc be duly considered, it will be 
found the most advantageous one that has appeared, espec- 
ially to Farmers who have large Families of Children, and 
who have no great Stocks to provide them with ; the Terms 
are intended lower than any other that has been offered for 
Lands so commodiously situated, purposely to encourage the 
Settlement of this Country, the Proprietor having other 
Lands in the Neighbourhood. 

July 22, 1768. 



Earl of Stirling to Gov^ Bernard 

Baskenbridge August 10*^'' 1768 
Sir 

I have the honour to transmit to your Excellency some 
Proposals I have lately published for settling and planting a 
Tract of Land belonging to me, situate in the Eastern part 
of your Government; and which I have good reason to 
expect, I shall be able to effect, so far as to the amount of 
Two hundred families next Spring, I also send your Excel- 
lency a printed State of my Title to that Tract of Country 
by which your Excellency will find, tliat it is founded on tlie 
same original Patent, under which all the otlier Lands witliin 
your Jurisdiction are held. 

His Majesty in Council has long since been hiformed of 
my Right and Intention herein ; and I cannot but hope that 
the Settlers, on their Arrival within your Province will meet 
witli every Encouragement from youi- r>xcellency that so 
laudable a Design merits. I have the honor to be Your 
Excellency's most huml)le Servant 

Stirling 



88 DOCUMENTARY HISTOltY 

Reply of Council to Stirling 

At a Council held at the Council Chamber in Boston 
Tuesday August 30'" 1768. 

Present in Council. 

His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq' Governor. 
Will™ Brattle Harrison Gray Royall Tyler 

James Bowdoin James Russell James Pitts 

Tho^ Hubbard Tho* Flucker Samuel Dexter 

His Excellency laid before the Board, a Letter from the 
Earl of Stirling of the 10'*' August, signifying his Intention 
to settle a Tract of land, in the Eastern parts of this Prov- 
ince which he pretends a Claim to. 

Advised that William Brattle and James Bowdoin Esq"^* 
take the said Letter into Consideration and report the next 
Council day. 



At a Council held at the Council Chamber in Boston 
Wednesday Sep' 7'" 1768. 

Present in Council 

His Excellency Francis Bernard Esq"" Governor. 
Samuel Danforth Harrison Gray Samuel White 

Will™ Brattle James Russell Jeremy Powell 

James Bowdoin Tho® Flucker James Pitts Eieq""® 

Thomas Hubbard Royall Tyler Sam^ Dexter 

The Committee appointed to take into Consideration the 
Earl of Stirling's Letter, made a report, and also reported a 
Draft of a Proclamation, relative to the Business therein 
mentioned, the said report was accepted, and his Excellency 
issued a Proclamation accordingly. 

The Report is as follows — 

The Committee of Council to whom was refered the Earl 
of Stirling's Letter to his Excellency Governor Bernard, 



OF THE STATE OF MALKE 89 

dated August lO^'^ 1768, with the printed State of his title, 
to the Lands between S* Croix and Pemaquid, in the Eastern 
parts of this Province, and his printed Advertizement for 
the sale of said Lands, having duly considered the same, are 
humbly of Opinion — 

That in the Answer to said Letter, hib Excellency be 
desired to inform the Earl of Stirling, that some Time after 
receiving from ]^.P Bollan the Province Agent, a Copy of a 
Petition, signed by said Earl and others to his late Majesty 
relative to the said lands, a Committee of the General Court 
prepared a State of the title of this Province to the Country 
between Kennebec & S* Croix : that by said State it appears 
that the Persons claiming under Sir William Alexander, first 
Earl of Stirling, have no right, or title whatsoever to the 
said Country, or any part thereof, and that the Province of 
Massachusetts Bay, hath a clear and undoubted right, and 
equitable Title to the Soil & Jurisdiction of the said Coun- 
try, and every part thereof, under such restrictions and lim- 
itations, as are expressed in the Province Charter. 

That the General Court relying on the goodness of the 
Province Title, have granted twelve Townships on Penob- 
scot River, and to the Eastward, on Condition that Sixty 
families at least should be settled in each, within a limited 
time : That a great part of the Families are already settled, 
and in some of the Townships the whole number : that it is 
inconsistent with his Majesty's Interest that the said Gran- 
tees should be disvested, tliat it would be manifest Injustice 
in the Government to suffer it, and that tliis Government 
cannot suffer it, unless it be done by his Majesty's Orders 

Tlie Committee think it would be proj)er that a Copy of 
the said State, should accompany his Excellency's Letter 
which they cannot but apprehend will induce the Earl of 
Stirling to desist from his Pretensions. 

'I'lif CoiuiiiitLee arc fuitlicr of Opinion llial in order to 



90 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

prevent any uneasiness in the Grantees aforesaid and their 
associates, arising from the Claim aforesaid, and to prevent 
any Persons purchasing or taking Leases of the lands adver- 
tized aforesaid, his Excellency issue a Proclamation assuring 
such Grantees & Associates of the Protection of this Gov- 
ernment, and cautioning all Persons against purchasing or 
taking Leases of any of the said Lands under the said Earl 
of Stirling. 

The Committee herewith present the Draft of the Procla- 
mation, which with the foregoing Report, is humbly sub- 
mitted to your Excellency and Honours. 

William Brattle 

James Bowdoin 
The foregoing are true Copies. 

Attest Jno ; Cotton D : Secry 

Proclamation. Sept. 7, 1768. 

By his Excellency Francis Bernard Esq"^ Captain General 
and Governor in Chief in and over his Majestys Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay in New England and Vice Admiral of 
the same. 

A Proclamation 

Whereas the Earl of Stirling hath published advertisements 
for the Sale of a large Tract of Land situated on the East 
side of Penobscot River and for Leasing another large Tract 
on Castine River ; said Tracts being part of a Tract in the 
Eastern parts of this Province extending from S' Croix to 
Pemaquid to which he has laid Claim by virtue of a Grant 
made in the year 1635 to William Alexander first Earl of 
Stirling by the Council established at Plymouth. And 
whereas by a State of the title of this Province to the Coun- 
try between the Rivers Kennebec and S*^ Croix prepared by a 
Committee of the General Court and Printed in 1763 by 
order of the said Court it is alleged that the persons claiming 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 91 

under tlie said first Earl of Stirling have no right or title 
whatsoever to the said Country or any part thereof and it is 
asserted on the behalf of the Province that the Province of 
tlie ^Massachusetts Bay hath a clear and undoubted right & 
equitable title to the Soil and Jurisdiction of the said Coun- 
try & every part thereof under such restrictions and limita- 
tions as are expressed in the Province Charter. 

And whereas the General Court have granted twelve 
Townships within the Tract claimed as aforesaid which 
Grants now lie before his iVIajesty for his royal approbation 
in consequence of which Grants a great number of Families 
have actually settled in the said Townships, in order to fulfill 
the Conditions of the said Grants if the same shall be approved, 
I have thought fit to issue, and do by and with the Advice 
and Consent of his Majesty's Council issue this Proclamation, 
hereby declaring the Intention of this Government to protect 
& defend the said Lands & the inhabitants thereof against 
the said Earl of Sterling & all persons claiming under him 
untill his ^Majesty's pleasure shall be known therein and 
cautioning all his IMajestys Subjects against purchasing or 
taking Leases of any of the said Lands under any person or 
persons claiming under the first Earl of Stirling aforesaid. 

Given at the Council Chamber in Boston the 7'"' day of 
Septem'^ 17G8 In the Eighth year of the Reign of our Sov- 
ereign Lord (Jeorge the third by the Grace of God of Great 
Britain France and Ireland King defender of the Faith &c — 

By liis Excellency's Command 

God Save the King 

Toivn of York. Petition. 1770. 

V\i)\''- of the Mass"« Bay 

'I'o His lloii' Tliomas Ilutcliinson Esq' L' Govcni"^ The 
il(*n'''" I J is Alajcstys Council and Ilous(! of R(!i)i('s<'nla- 
tives in Genera' Court Assemljled Jan" 10, 1770 



92 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Select Men and Overseers of the Poor of the Town 
of York in said Province Humbly Shew 

That Josiah Bridges of the said Town by the Providence 
of God some Years since fell into Distraction and became non 
compos Mentis whereby great Trouble and Expence for some 
Years last past and untill about a Month ago when he Died 
arose for his Support and Safety. That his Estate consist 
only of about Ten acres of Land lying somewhat remote 
uncultivated and of no Income. 

That His Relations are not of Ability to pay & discharge 
the said Expence. 

Wherefore Your Petitioners Pray this Court to License 
and Authorize them, or such others as the said Court in their 
Wisdom shall think lit to make Sale of the said Josiah's 
Estate aforesaid the produce whereof to be applied for and 
towards satisfying the Charges afores*^ 
And they as in duty bound shall pray &e 

Dan^ Moulton "| SeP Men 
Sam^ Sewall & Overseers 

Jos Simpson Jr j of the Poor 
Joseph Weare Jr j of York 

Petition to Crov^ Hutchinson by Inhabitants of the Fifth 
Township. 

To his Excellency Thomas Hutchinson Esq' Captain Gen- 
eral and Governor of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
in New England. 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of the fifth Township 
granted by this Province to Eastward of Mount Desart & 
commonly called Pleasant River humbly sheweth to your 
Excellency 

That whereas there is now residing in this Township 
upwards of Sixty Families and neither Law nor Gospel 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 93 

embraced among us every one doing what's right in his o\yn 
eyes and a great spirit of mobbing and Rioting prevails, 
Cursing, Swearing, fighting, threatning, Steahng, puUing 
dov.'n Houses and the like as we cant sleep a nights without 
fear and living to such a distance fi'om any authority that 
we labour under a great disadvantage of obtaining relief in 
such matters, being twenty miles to the Eastward of Goldsboro' 
and upwards of twenty miles Westward of Machias and very 
difheult passing any way makes us apply to your Excellency 
to interpose in this affair to redress our Grievances, and We 
wliose names are hereunto subscribed huml)ly implore your 
Excellency that you would appoint a Justice of the Peace at 
Pleasant River as it is our sincere and hearty desire to live 
under a proper regulation of the Common Laws of the Land, 
and there is one Cap* Wilmot Woss a man of a good reputii- 
tion who removed from Martha's Vine3'ard about three years 
ago and has a good Interest in this Township whom we 
recommend to your Excellency to be appointed if you in 
your goodness shall think proper with the advice of Council, 
& we pray your Excellency to lay this our Petition before 
our said Council as we flatter ourselves of your Excellency's 
protection of our Civil Rights as far as the due Execution of 
the Law will give us, which causes us to appl}' to your 
Excellency to cause them to be put in force as we profess 
ourselves to be Loyal Subjects and are ready to spend our 
lives and fortunes for his Majesty's Crown and dignity and 
the Laws and good govenmient as your l*etitioners are in 
duty bound to pray for. 

N. !>. U your Excellency shall think piojx-r to appoint 
any other suitable person w(! have no objection. 

Moses Plumer Joseph Diisko Jun' Noaii Mitchell 

Samuel Disko Natli' P>uck Saiimcl Nash 

William Michell John Drisk his O maik Joseph Michell 

Benjamin Look Daniel Look Ebenezer Coal 



94 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Chare Stevens Robin Groas James Biyent 

Edward Gate Owen Macdonald William Hix 

Setb Norton Edmund Stevens Thomas 

Samuel Knowls George Tinney Joseph Tebbut 

John Hall James Nash Samuel 

Isaiah Nash Joseph X his mark Joseph Nash jun"^ 

SamuU Coffin Isaac Smith 

Copy T Hutchinson 

Petition of B. Mulliken ^ M. Bridges^ Agents. 

To the Honourable Thomas Hutchinson Esq*^ Lieu* Gover- 
nour & Commander in Chief of the Province of the Massach*^ 
Bay in New England 

To the Hon^'^'^' the Council & House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled March 15"' 1770 

The Petition of Benjamin Mullikin and Moody Bridges 
Agents for the Prop''^ of a Township Granted to the said 
Benj'^ Mulliken & others June 25*'^ 1765 Humbly Sheweth 

That the Great k, General Court of s*^ Province in Answer 
to a Memorial of your Petitioners ( on the twelfth Day of 
June 1767 — 

Resolved that Eight thousand Six hundred & forty five 
Acres of Land lying on the Easterly Side & Northerly end 
of a pond Called long pond Bounded as Stipulated in s*^ 
Resolve be Exchanged for an Equivalent of Land on the 
AVesterly Side of s'^ Township &c — 

That Pursuant to s*^ Resolve the said Proprietors appointed 
a Committee to take a plan of the said land lying between 
Saco River & s'^ Township in order to Exhibit a plan thereof 
to s'^' Court for Confirmation — Who Reported as f olloweth 
(viz) 

That Saco River which the Proprietors Apprehended to be 
within One Mile of said Township they found to be Near five 
Miles from the Westerly line thereof — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 95 

That the land is ]\Iouiitaiiious & Broken & that a pond 
Judg'd to be Six or Seven Miles in Length Intervening 
between said Townsliip & said River prevents the Commnni- 
cation intended By Said Proprietors with s*^ River — 

That the whole of the said Tract of Land in the Opinion 
of the Coni"'^* falls Short of an Equivalent for the Said Land 
on the Easterly Side & Northerl}- end of s*^ pond — 

That should the Proprietors Make up an Equivalent at the 
Southerly end of said Township it would take off so nuich of 
that Tract of Land between s'^ Township & Pearson Town 
which land is Capacious enough for a Township as would 
leave it Insufficient for that Purpose — 

Wherefore Your Petitioners Humbly Entreat your Honours 
to Quiet the said Proprietors in the Peaceable possession & 
Enjoyment of the said 8645 Acres of Land on the Easterly 
side & Northerly end of Long pond & Your Petitioners as in 
Duty Bound Shall ever Pray — 

Moody Bridges 
Benjamin Mulliken 



Vote on petition of Ichabod Jones ^ others. 1770. 

In the House of Representatives April 4, 1770 

Voted, That the Petition of Ichabod Jones and Seventy 
nine others his Associates, be so far granted, as that there be, 
and hereby is granted unto him the said Ichabod Jones, and 
liis Associates named in the annexed Petition, their Heirs 
and Assigns forever, as Tenants in Connnon, One Township 
of Land, Seituate, lying and being to the Westward of S*- 
Croix about eight or ten Leagues, which Trad of Land is 
now known by the Name of Macliias, and is bounded as tnl- 
lows, \'v/} begining at a dry Rock at a Place callrd tlu' lOast- 
em Bay, near the House of ^P Samuel Holmes, and extending 



96 DocrnsrENTARY history 

North ten Degrees West, ten Miles, then West, ten Degrees 
South eight Miles, then South ten Degrees East ten Miles, 
then East ten Degrees north eight Miles to the first mentioned 
Bounds. 

That they return a Plan of the same ( taken Ijy a Surveyor 
and Chainmen on Oath ) to this Court for further Confirma- 
tion, on or before the First Day of Janu^ 1771. That they 
within six Years after they shall obtain his Majesty's Appro- 
bation of this Grant ( unless prevented by War ) settle the 
said To•\^^lship with eighty Good protestant Families, and 
build eighty Houses, none to be less than eighteen Feet 
Square, and seven Feet Stud, and clear and cultivate five 
Acres of Land on each Share fit for Tillage or Movv-ing ; and 
that they build in said Township a suitable Meeting house 
for the publick Worship of God, and settle a learned Prot- 
estant Minister, and make Provision for his comfortable and 
honorable Support: And that hi said Township there be 
re.served and appropriated four whole Rights or Shares in the 
Division of the same ( accounting to one eighty fourth Part 
a Share, for the following Purposes Viz* One for the first 
settled or ordained Minister his Heirs and Assigns for ever ; 
one for the Use of the Ministry, one to and for the Use of 
Harvard College; and one for the Use of a School for ever: 
And if any of the Grantees or Proprietors of said Township 
shall neglect within the Term of six Years as before men- 
tioned, to do and perform according to the several Articles 
respecting the Settlement of his Right or Share as hereby 
enjoined, his whole Right or share shall be entirely forfeited, 
and enure to the use of this Province. 

Provided nevertheless, the Grant of the above Lands is to 
be A^oid and of none Effect unless the Grantees do obtain his 
Majesty's Confirmation of the same in Eighteen Months from 
this Time. 

And be it further Ordered, as a Condition of the Grant 



OF THE STATE OF IVIALNE 97 

aforesaid, that each Grantee give Bond to the Treasurer of 
this Province for the Time being and to his Successors in 
said office for the Sum of Fifty Pounds for the Use of this 
Province, for the faithful Performance of the Duties required, 
according to the Tenor of the Grant aforesaid : And that a 
Committee or Committees be appointed by this Court to take 
Bonds accordingly. 

And further Ordered, That the said Committee be empow- 
ered to admit others as Grantees in the Room of such Per- 
sons contained in the List aforesaid, who shall neglect to 
appear by themselves or others in their behalf to give Bonds 
at such Time as the Committee shall appoint. 

And it is further Ordered, That as this Township is remote 
from the Centre of the Province, and at a great Distance 
from his Majesty s Surveyor of his Woods and Timber, that 
the said Petitioner take especial Care not to cut or destroy 
any of his Majesty's Timber on or about said Township. 
Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk' 

In Council April 4^" 1770 Read & Concurred 

Jn'' Cotton D. Seory 

Consented to 26 Ap 1770 T Hutchinson 



Resolve. 

In the House of Representatives April 7^'' 1770 

Resolved that the Prayer of this Petition be Granted and 
that the Petitioners be and they are hereby Impowercd to 
make Sale of the Real Estate within mentioned for the most 
the same will fetch and to make & Execute a Good Deed or 
Deeds of (!)onveyance thereof they observing the Directions 
of the Law for the Sale of Real Estates by Execo" «& Admin" 
& giveing Caution to the Judge of Probate for the County 



98 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of York tliat the Proceeds of said Sale be applied to the pur- 
poses mentioned. 

Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk"^ 

In Council Ap^ 11"' 1770 — Read & Concurred 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

Consented to — 

Hesolve. 

In the House of Representatives April 9^^ 1770 

On the Petition of Benjamin Mulliken and Moody Bridges 
Agents for the Proprietors of a Township Granted to Benja- 
mm Muliken & others June 25"' 1765, Whereas the Peti- 
tioners made Application to the Great and General Court 
Dated the twenty seventh Day of May Anno Domini 1767 
praying that the Court would receive back a Part of said 
Township and grant them an Equivalent in other Lands 
adjoining, but now finding said Exchange inconvenient, pray 
that they may hold the said Township according to original 
Grant. 

Resolved that the prayer of the said Petition be granted 
and that the said Proprietors, have and hold said Township 
according to the Extent described in the original Grant any 
Petition of said Proprietors or Resolve of this Court thereon 
notwithstanding, and according to said Proprietors Petition 
and the Intent thereof: the said Lands resolved on their said 
Application to be given them for an E(|uivalent is hereby 
received back as Lands belonging to the Province — the said 
proprietors fulfilling the Condition of the Original Grant 
Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk'' 

In Council April 10"' 1770 Read and Concurred 

Jn° Cotton D. Seciy 

Consented to Ap 26 1770 T Hutchinson 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 99 

Resolve. 1770. 

In the House of Representatives Aprill y*" 14 1770 

Whereas the Gen''*^ Court m their present Session on the 
Petition of Capt. Sam^^ Skillan and others Inhabitants of 
Cape Elizabeth Resolved on said Petion that from the time 
the Act of Incorporation of Cape Elizabeth into a District 
took place all the Inhabitants of said District included within 
y*' Lines of said District ware & still are held to Pay Parish 
Taxes there & to no other Place — Since which the first par- 
ish have by Thomas Smith on their behalf Represented some 
Inconveincy that may attend the Carrying s'^ Resolve into 
Execution before the %^ first Parish has an oppertunity to be 
heard upon the Subject matter of the s^^ Petition — 

Therefore Resolved that all Proceedings in Consequence 
of said Resolve be stayd as fully as if it had not been, till 
the Second Wednesday of the next Sitting of the Gen^ Court 
at which Time the first Parish may be heard upon s'^ Petition 
of Cape Elizabeth if they see fit to Shew Cause if any they 
have why the s** Resolve should not be Reversed 

Sent up for Concurrence Thomas Gushing Spk"^ 

In Council 16 Apr' 1770 Read and Concurred 

A Oliver Scc^ 

Consented to Ap. 25 1770 T Hutchinson 



Report on Petition of D. Phips ^ others 

Tiie Committee on the Petition of David Phips Es(['' & 
others praying for a Townsliip in Consideration of their 
ancestors being in the Expedition agahist Canada in the; Year 
1690 Have attended that service and find that the Petitioners 
are the Descendents and I^egal representatives of sundry 
persons hi the Expedition aforesaid and that they nor thcii' 



100 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ancestors liave not as yet received any Grant for the Hard- 
ships & Burdens Sustained By their ancestors aforesaid in 
said Expedition as all others has Done who have regulerly 
applied to the Gen^ Court for the same Therefore are of 
opinion that the following Resolve pass — 
In the House of Representatives April 24, 1770 

Resolved That there be Granted to David Phips Esq"" and 
Others mentioned in the Petition a Township of the Contents 
of Six miles and three Quarters Square to be Laid out adjoin- 
ing to some former Grant in the unappropriated Lands in 
this Province to the Eastward of Saco River Proveded the 
Grantees within seven years Settle Eighty families in said 
Township Build a House for the public Worship of God and 
settle a Learned Protestant Minister and Lay out one 84'** 
part for the first settled Minister one 84"' part for the Min- 
istry one 84*^ part for the use of a School in said Township 
and one 84*^ part for the use of Harvard College forever 
Provided also that they return a plan thereof Taken by a 
Surveyor and Chainmen under Oath into the Secretar^'^s 
OiBce within Twelve Months 

Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk"^ 



Report on Petition of J. Fuller ^ others. 

The Committee to whome was Refferred the Petition of 
Cap* Joshua Fuller and others praying for a Township of 
Land in Leiu of a Township Granted to them & their ances- 
tors m the year 1736 which Township was Cut off by the 
Running of the Line between this province and New Hamp- 
shire have attended that Service and find the Facts set forth 
in said Petition are True and y* they had entered upon the 
settlement of s*^ Township and expended therein six pounds 
ten shillings old Ten' for Each Right amounting to X390 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 101 

one hundred and Eighty pounds of which was paid to the 
Government, Therefore are of opinion that the following 
Resolve pass 
In the House of Representatives april 24 1770 

Resolved That there be Granted to Cap* Joshua Fuller 
and others mentioned in the Petition, a ToAvnship of the Con- 
tents of Six miles and one Quarter Square to be Laid out 
adjoining to some former Grant & in the unappropriated 
Land in the province to the Eastward of Saco River Provided 
the Grantees within seven Years settle Sixty Families in said 
Township Build a House for the public Worsliip of God and 
settle a Learned Protestant Minister and Lay out one 64''' 
part for the first settled M mister one 64'^ part for the minis- 
try one 64''* part for the use of a school in said Township 
and one 64"' part for the use of Harvard College forever 
Provided also that they Return a Plan thereof Taken by a 
Surveyor and Chain men under Oath into the Secretarys 
office within Twelve month for Confirmation — 

Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk'' 



Resolve. 1770. 

In the House of Representatives April 26'" 1770 

Resolved that there l)e Granted to Capt. Henry Young 
Brown eleven Thousand Acres of Land to be Laid out in the 
Unappropriated Land within this Province to the Eastward 
of Sauco River, and Adjoining to a Grant of eight tliousand 
five hundred and forty four Acres Granted to the said Cap' 
Brown in the Year 1766, to extend on said Sauco River 
including the Cirant aforesaid Not exceeding seven Miles and 
so to extend back from said River and on the back of tlic 
Grant aforesaid so farr as to compleat tlie eleven thousand 
acres aforesaid and That tlie aforesaid Cap' lirowii Ritinii a 



102 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

plann of this Last Grant Taken by a Surveyor & Chainmen 
under Oath in Twelve Months to this Court for Confirmation 
And that the said Henry Young Brown Give security for the 
settleing" the said Lands Now Granted and for the perform- 
ing the Same Conditions required in the first Grant or sale 
of a Township to him the said Brown in the year 1764 — 
Which Grant of eleven thousand Acres aforesaid is Consid- 
ered by this Court in full Consideration of All the demands 
that the said Henry Young Brown has against this province 
for the Lose of Lands, occationed by the Disputed lines 
between this Province and the province of New Hampshire 
and that the said Brown give the Govern' a Quit Claim for 
all the Lands Licluded in the Township sold him by this 
Government in the Year 1764, that are between, Warren, 
and Bryants Lines exceepting Twenty Two hundred Acres 
Already Sold to sundry persons, and also One hundred Acres 
Taken out of his Own Farme and this Last Grant be also 
Considered in full consideration of all costs & charges the 
said Brown has already been at or may be put too by Reason 
of the disputed Lines aforesaid and that the said Brown give 
this Government a Discharge in full for the same 

Also Resolved that the Treasurer of the Province be 
directed to give up to Cap* Henry Young Brown his Bond 
for Two hundred pounds dated in 1764 being the purchas_ 
Consideration of the Township aforesaid, and in Lieu thereof 
The said Brown do give a New bond to the Treasurer afore- 
said for the use of the Province for Two hundred pounds 
with sufficient sureties to bare date the fifth day of May Next 
payable In One Year with Lawful Inter' which Bond when 
paid shall be in full Consideration for all the Grants aforesaid 
Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk"^ 

In Council Ap^ 26"> 1770 Read & Concurred 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

Consented to 26 Ap 1770 T Hutchinson 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 103 

Report. 

The Committe appointed to Consider and report upon the 
Petition of Cap* Henry Young Brown have attended that 
service and beg Leave to Report that in april 1770 the Court 
had a State of Facts Laid Before them and upon Mature 
Deliberation had thereon they Granted to the Petitioner 
11000 acres of Land which Grant was at that time Consid- 
ered by the Court to ])e in full satisfaction for all the Demands 
the Petitioner had against the province for loss of Lands in 
his Petition mentioned That the Court at that time appre- 
hended that the 11000 acres of Land Granted as afores'^ was 
as good as the same Quantity lost by the Disputed lines 
mentioned in his Petition But your Committee are fully Con- 
vinced by the Testimony of a Number of Credable Witnesses 
who are well Knowing to both Tracts of Land that it falls 
Considerably Short in value — Your Committee are There- 
fore of Opinion that the Petitioner be allowed the sum of 
Fifty pounds more with the Interest thereof from the 5'^ day 
of May 1770 the same to be entered upon his Bond of two 
hundred pounds given the province Treas' as the purchase 
Consideration of his Township in said Petition mentioned 

All which is Humbly Submitted 

Jonas Dix g' Order 



L' Gov^'' ^Speech. Sept. J770. 

Gentlemen of the Council, and Gentlemen of the House; of 
Representatives — 
It is now become in several respects more necessary for 
the General Court to proceed upon the Business of the Prov- 
ince than it was wlien I met you in your two last Sessions. 
Many of our Laws, wliich have Ik'c^ii of great utility, are 



104 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

expired, some for the punisliment of criminal offences, others 
which affect the course of our Judicial proceedings and the 
People call for the revival of them. — There are other affairs 
depending of a very interesting nature which had not then 
come to our knowledge and which may be determined before 
we can have another opportunity of acting upon them. The 
Council thought it not advisable for me to Prorogue the 
Court to a further time : Their opinion and advice, which 
always have weight with me, induced me to call you together 
rather sooner than I had before intended. 

Pursuant to my Instructions and the established practice 
I caused the Acts and Doings of the General Court at the 
Session in March last to be transmitted to England by the 
first opportunity. Particular notice has been taken of a 
Grant made in that Session to a number of Persons who had 
settled upon Lands in the Eastern part of the Province and, 
it appearing that other Persons had also begun Settlements 
Eastward of Sagadehock, some under colour of Grants from 
the General Court notwithstanding that by the express terms 
of the Charter, such Grants are of no force validity or effect 
until approved by the Crown, others without any colour of 
Grant or Title whatsoever, these Settlements are deemed of 
great Importance in various lights, but in none more so than 
in that of the incouragement they have given to the waste 
and destruction of the Kings Timber which is a matter of the 
most serious consideration in respect to the Naval Strength 
of the Kingdom. It is made my Duty to inform you that, 
as the remedy for this great mischief ought properly and can 
only effectually come from the Province within whose Juris- 
diction the Lands lye, it is expedient all Trespassers should 
be prosecuted, and, I am further to inform you, that the 
neglecting to exert every legal means to remove and prevent 
all unwarrantable intrusions will be imputed as a default for 
which the Province v/ill stand responsible. From a sense of 



OF THE STATE ()F<^ MAINE 105 

my Duty to the King and from regard to the Interest of the 
Province I must desire you to take this affair into your con- 
sideration and do what is necessary on your part. I \\ill 
assist and concur with you to the utmost of my power. 
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives — 

In order to conform to the Laws of the Province and to 
maintain the Public Faitli, it was necessary the Treasurer 
should issue his Warrants for the assessment of the whole 
Province Debt in the current year. If these Warrants have 
not been so far executed as to render an alteration impractic- 
able and you should be of opinion that the burden will be too 
great for the People to bear, I am willing to consent to an 
act for affording the necessary relief by easing the present 
year of part of this Tax and charging the same Sum upon a 
future year. 

A State of the Treasury will be laid before you by which 
it will appear that a Supply will be necessary Some Appro- 
priations are quite exhausted. 

His Majesty having thought fit to Order that the Garrison 
of Castle William, in the pay of the Province, should be 
withdrawn and that this Fortress should be Garrisoned by 
his Majesty's Regular forces, I am prevented from desiring 
you to make the usual Establishment. The last Establish- 
ment expired the 20 day of June last. I know you did not 
expect I should then dismiss the Officers and Men. I must 
now desire you to continue their Pay & subsistance from the 
expiration of the Establishment and, as they are discharged 
at a Season of the year when it will be difficult for them to 
find Employ I could wish that the continuance might extend, 
at least, to tlie 20*'' of November the usual time of making up 
the Roll. It is no more than justice to the Garrison to say 
they have behaved well and have some Claim to favour. 

The Establishment of Fort Pownall being also recommend- 
ed to you to provide for tlic revival and continuancio of it. 



106 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Gentlemen of the Council and House of Representatives — 

As tlie affairs which lye before you are of great moment 
and deserve your serious and mature deliberation, so they 
must take up much time. It is therefore more necessary 
that you should begin without delay and should proceed with 
all diligence. 

I wish there may be a good harmony in the Legislature, 
and that we may unite in such measures as our common 
Interest, the Interest of the Province, requires of us.— - 

T. Hutchinson 
Council Chamber September 1770 



Petition of Joseph Frye. 1770. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the Honourable Thomas Hutchinson Esq"^ Lieu* G & 
Commander in Chieff, To the Honourable his Majestys 
Council & House of Representatives in General Court 
Assembled 

The Petition of Joseph Frye humbly Sheweth 

That under the Patronage of this Government your Petit' 
has Settled upwards of Fifty Families in a new Township 
( at present called Fryeburg ) in the County of York, which 
is at such a distance from any Sea-Port-Town, the Inhabitants 
thereof have it not in their power to procure Sundry of the 
absolute Necessaries of Life, at those Short periods, which 
Nature often calles urgently for, and they being unable to 
purchase so many of them at a Time, as to answer Nature's 
Just Demand thro' the Year. They often Suffer for want — 

That as your said Petitioner is Determined with all possi- 
ble Speed to move Himself and Family into s'^ Township, 
and for remedy of that inconvenience, open a Store there. He 
presumes he may Sa}', It's Necessary he should be Legally 



OP THE 8TATE OF MAINE 107 

Authorized to Sell Spirituous Licquors, us Such Licquors are 
what Labourmg Men stand in Need of. That as said Town- 
ship is not Incorporated ; there are no Selectmen to recom- 
mend any Person in it, to the Court of general Sessions of 
the Peace for the County wherein it lays, ( which is what the 
Law requires ) He cannot Obtain Licence from thence — 

Wherefore Your Petitioner Prays your Hon"" & Hon" 
would please to impower Him to Sell Spirituous Licquors 
by Retail at his Dwelling House in s'' Townsliip, by such a 
Meathod as you shall Judge Proper. And as in Duty bound 
Prays 

Joseph Frye 



Petition of 11. Egglenton " 0<:t. 1770r 

To his Honor the Leiu' Governor, the llono'''" his Majesty's 
Council and the Hono''^" House of Representatives. — 

The Petition of Hezekiah Egglestone of Bristol in the 
County of Lincoln — Humbly sheweth, 

That your Petitioner's Great Grandfather Richard Fullford 
formerly of a Place called Round Pond in said Bristol, about 
the Year of our Lord 1660 purchased a Tract of Land there 
whereon he lived, adjohiing to a Plantation commonly called 
Muscongus, and belonging to the Family of the Peirces ; that 
your Petitioner's said Great Grandfather lived on and quietly 
enjoyed the Premisses 'till the Beginning of the present Cen- 
tury except the Literruptions given him by the Indians ( in 
which Time the Deed of his s"* Land was lost ) leaving Issue 
()\\\y one Son who was a Minor, and a Daughter who was 
your Petitioner's Grandmother and who married Samuel 
Martin, who as soon as the Troubles with the Indians were 
over again in 1715 settled said Lands, till lie was beat off by 
the Indians in the War connnonly call(;d llie three Yeai' VVai- 



108 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

between 1722 & 1725; that your Petitioner's said Grandfa- 
ther Martin after he liad thus resettled said Lands, took the 
Testimonies of sundry ancient Persons in 1717, who formerly 
lived adjoining, to fix the Boundaries and supply the Loss of 
his Father in Law's Deed of said Land ; that afterwards Viz* 
in 1739 your Petitioner's Great Uncle Viz' Francis Fullford 
the only Son of said Richard again settled said Lands, whose 
Tenants have been in constant Possession 'till tlie late War ; 
and lastly that your Petitioner is now in Possession of Part 
of said Tract — But so it happens that your Petitioner's said 
Grandfather thro' Ignorance of the Law, had the said Testi- 
monies taken before one Justice of the Peace only and put on 
Record ad perpetuam Rei Memoriam. And whereas sundry 
Persons without any Pretence of Title have trespassed and 
settled themselves on said Land cleared and brought too by 
your Petitioner's Ancestors at great Peril of their Lives and 
Expence of Labour, your Petitioner is unable to recover the 
Possession of said Land unless relieved by your Honors; 
Wherefore your Petitioner humbly prays that your Honors 
would confirm or make valid in Law said Testimonies or 
otherwise grant him that Relief which to your Honors shall 
seem meet — And your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall 
ever pray — 

Hezekiah Eggleston 



Petition ^ Remonstrance of S. Livermore <f others. 1770. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the Honour'*'^^® Thomas Hutchinson Esq'' Lieu* Gover- 
nor and Commander in Cheif in and over said Province ; 
To the Honourable his Majestys Council ; and House of 
Representives in General Court assembled the 29*'' Day 
of Oct^ f770 



OF THE 1\LA.INE OF STATE 109 

The Petition and Remonstrance of Samnel Livermore, 
Leonard Williams, and George Badcock a Committee 
appointed by a Society wLo were Proprietors of a Township 
of Land granted to Nath^' Harris Esq'' and others by s*^* Gen- 
eral Court in the Year 1T3G, (as a Gratuity for their Service 
in the Reduction of Port Royal ) humbly sheweth That the 
said Proprietors m Observance of the Condition of their 
Grant proceeded to lay out said Township and returned a 
Plan of the same to the same Court for their Approbation, 
which was approved of by them accordhigly. That then the 
Grantees proceeded to perform the Conditions of their Grant 
by allotting out the House Lotts, and some began to build 
thereon and repaired to said Town with Design to dwell 
there, cleared Roads, and built a Saw Mill at the charge of 
the Proprietors, with many other charges, in the whole 
amounting to more than £1000 of the then Currency (as by 
the Book of Records of s'^ Proprietors clearly appears ) besides 
their Expence of Time & Labour. 

But yet it happened that a War broke out, and many of 
the Inhabitants were killd, others taken Captive, others sur- 
prised, and discouraged : and immediately by the Settlement 
of the Bounds between this Province, and the Province of 
New : Hampshire to our great Loss & Disappointment the 
Town fell within the Bounds of New Hampshire Province, 
whereby the Proprietors were wholly deprived of all the 
Profit and Advantage, they expected to reap and enjoy for 
their Services aforesaid, and suffered great Loss not only in 
Time, but in Mony in laying out their Lotts, clearing Roads, 
&c. and have no way to obtain Relief but by the Interposition 
of your Honors — 

Your Petiti(;ners therefore pray your Honors would take 
the same into your wise Consideration, and appoint a Com- 
mittee to enquire into the E([uity of our Claims, and also the 
Claims of several others who were in the same Expedition, 



110 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

but have received no Favour therefor, & who desire to be 
admitted with us and grant Leave to remove our Pitch to 
some otlier Phice, in some of the unappropriated Lands in s*^^ 
Province And your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever 
pray 

Samuel Livermore \ 
Leonard Williams > Com*''^ 
George Badcock ) 



Resolve in favor of Joseph Frye. 

In the House of Representatives Octo^ SO'*^ lYYO 

Resolved that the prayer of the foregoing petition be So 
far Granted as that the Court of Gen^ Sessions for the peace 
for the County of York are hereby Impowered to Grant the 
petitioner License to Retail Spirituous Liqueurs In said Town- 
ship of Fryeburge at their next Term & until the time for 
Granting Licenses in said County by Law shall commence 
Sent up for Concurrence T Cushing Spk'' 

In Council Oct** 30*^ 1770 Read and Concurred 

Jn*^ Cotton D. Secry 

Consented to T Hutchinson 



Resolve. 

On the Petition of Hezekiah Egglestoue in the House of 
Representatives Nov. 2, 1770 Read and Resolved that the 
Prayer be so far Granted that the Justices of the Inferior 
Court of Common Pleas or the Justices of the Superior Court 
of Judicature before whom any action is or may be depend- 
ing Relating to the Lands mentioned in said Petition be 



OF THE MAINE OF STATE 111 

Inipowered to admit the Testimonies A Refered to in said 
Petition to be plead as Evidence in the Case as valid in the 
Law the failure of Taking the Testimonies before Two Jus- 
tices Quorum unus Notwithstanding. 

Sent up for Concurrence T. Cushing Spk"" 

In Council Nov^ 7**^ 1770 Read & Concurred as taken 
into a new draft 

Sent down for Concurrence Jn" Cotton D. Secry 

In the House of Representatives Nov'' 8 1770 Read & 
Nonconcurred & the House adhere to their own Vote with 
Amendment at A viz insert of Morrice Champney Richard 
Pearce Sen'' & John Pearce 

Sent up for Concurrence T. Cushing Spk'^ 

In Council Nov"" 8 1770 Read and Concurred 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 
Consented to 



Resolve. 

In the House of Representatives Nov. 6 1770 — 

Resolved that the prayer of this Petition Granted and that 
their be Granted to the Petitioners and their associates a 
Township of the Contents of Six miles and three Quarters 
Square in Some of the unappropriated Lands in the Province 
of Maine to the Eastward of Saco River to Satisfie the Grant 
of the Township therein mentioned which they Lost by the 
Running of the line between this province and the province 
of New Hampshire and that the Petitioners at the Cost of 
tli(_'iiiselvcs and their associates Cause the same, to bi; Laid 
out by a Skillful Surveyor and Chain men under Oath and 
Return a Plan of the Same to this ( ■(Uirt for tlieir acceptaiii'c^ 
within twelve months and that Cap Heath ik, Coll liuckmin- 



112 DOCUMENTARY HISTOllY 

ster witli Sucli as the Honourable Board Shall Join be a 
Committee to Examine' the Claims which may be made to 
any of the former Propriators rights which are either Deceas'' 
or have Conveyed their rights to Others. And admitt such 
as shall make out the most Equitable Claims, and return a 
list of their names to this Court at their next Sessions to be 
admitted Grantees to s'^ Grant. And that the said Grantees 
shall Hold the same to themselves their heirs and assigns 
forever upon the following Conditions viz. that the Grantees 
shall within seven Years settle Sixty families in s*^ Township 
Build a House for the publick Worship of God and settle a 
Learned protestant minister and Lay out One Sixty fourth 
part for the first Settled Minister One Sixty fourth part for 
the Ministry and one sixty fourth part for the use of a School 
forever. 

Sent up for Concurrence T Cushmg Spk'' 

In Council Nov' 6"' 1770 — Read, & ordered that this 
Pet" be referred to the second Tuesday of the next Session 
of the Gen^ Court, — 

Sent down for Concurrence Jn" Cotton D. Secry 

In the House of Representatives Nov. 6, 1770 Read & 

Concurred 

T Gushing Speaker 



Jonathan Longfellow's Memorial to Crov^ IlutcMnson. 

Provence of the Masachusets Bay To the Honourable 

Thomas Hutchinson Esq""** Lieu* Governor and Commander 

in Chief in and over his Majestys Said provence 

Jonathan Longfellow of Machias in the County of Lincoln, 

humbly Represents to your honor, that since your Memorialist 

was appointed by your honor, as one of his Majestys justices 

of the peace for said County, a number of the inhabitants of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 113 

Macliias who are enemies to all law and government, have 
Combined together against your Memorialist, for no other 
Reason : but, for that of his being a Civil magistrate : they 
liave at divers times put your memorialist in great Bodily 
fear, by menaces and threatning speaches ; and on Saturday 
the third day of November, as your memorialst was in the 
publick highway, in the peace of God and the King, four of 
the said disaffected persons ; vis Samuel Kenney, Jeremiah 
Obrion, James Southerland, and Joshua Webster, did attack 
the person of your memorialist, and in a violent manner 
threw hun down uppon the ground; and then Beat, and 
mawled your memorialist wdth their fists, in a most Barbar- 
ous manner, so that your memorialist is wholly disenabled 
from going about his common buisness, and what makes his 
Situation still more unhappy is, that there is no Magistrate 
nigher than Gold^boro', which is about twenty leagues from 
this place ; and those that where there, are noM^ gone to 
Boston, and the Season of the year approaching, that makes 
it dificult passeing either by land or water; So that it is 
impossible for your memorialist to Receive any present 
Relief, in the disabled circumstances that lie is now in. 

Your memorialist would allso Represent to your honor, 
tliat, except he can have some other person* appointed as 
Justices* of the peace in this place, he must Resign his Com- 
mision; it being impossible for liim to do his duty without 
being in continual danger of his life from the lawless party, 
who are daly giveing out threatning speaclies against any 
Civil officer, that shall presume to take any one of their 
party ; and that they are determined to Support themselves 
by Clubb law. Conscious of the deep wisdom of youi' honor, 
lie most humbly Submits his hard case, and the agravaled 
treatmoit he Ikih Recieved, in consequence of his being 
appointed one of liis majestys Jnsticeses : most liuinbly 
imploreing your honor to take the piciiiises into Coiisidi'i-a- 



114 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

tion, and grant such Releif, as your honor, in your known 
great wisdom and impartiality, shall deem most for the 
advancement of Justice, and the preservation of peace, order, 
and good government 

and as in duty bound Shall ever pray 



Jonathan Longfellow 



Machias Nov"'^'" 8"^ 1770 



Memorial of Inhabitants of Mass : Bay to Gov^ HutcJmison 

Provence of the Masachusets Bay To the Honorable Thomas 
Hutchinson Esq""® Lieu* Governor and Commander in 
Chief, in and over his majestys Said provence. 
The Subscribers, inhabitants of machias in the County of 
lincoln, humbly Represent to your honor ; that they bare 
true and faithfull Allegiance to his majesty King George, 
and are willing and desireous of supporting Civil Govern- 
ment as far as lies in their power, and very much lament 
that they are obliged to Represent to your honor, that a 
number of their Neighbours, and fellow inhabitants, seem to 
be otherwise inclined, which by their Conduct is but too 
evident: they haveing by many Repeated and open acts of 
violence, Shewn their disaffection to all order and good Gov- 
ernment. They have divers times put his Majesty's quiet 
and peaceable Subjects, in this place, in great Bodily fear; 
not only by threatning speaches ; but likewise by heavy 
Blows. They have at divers times assembled together in a 
Riotious manner; pulled down their neighbours buildings; 
and have beat or abused all those, who offered to oppose 
them and on the third day of Nov"'^'" four of them, vis 
Samuel Kenney, Jerimiah Obrion, James Southerland, and 
Joshua Webster, did attack, in the publick highway, when 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 



115 



in the peace of God and the King, the person whom youre 
honour was pleased to appoint, as a Civil magistrate in this 
place ; and in a violent manner threw him down upon the 
ground then beat and brused him to such a degree, that he 
is now incapable of going about his common buisness. And 
what makes his Situation still more deplorable, is, that there 
is no magistrate within twenty leagues of this place, that he 
can apply to for Relief, and assistance. 

Your memorialist^ would likewise Represent to your honor, 
the absolute necessity of having another Justice appointed 
in this place, and that it will be impossible to suppress the 
present disorders; excepting there is one or more persons 
appointed to that office. 

Conscious of the deep wisdom of your honor, we most 
humbly Submit our Case. Most humbly imploreing your 
honor to take the premises into consideration, and grant 
such Relief, as 3'our honor, in your Known great wisdom, 
and impartiality. Shall deem most for the advancement of 
Justice, and the preservation of peace, order and good Gov- 
ernment 

And as hi duty bound Shall Ever pray 



Abier Spague 
Joseph Libbee 
Isaac Larrabee 
Ezekiel Lil)bee 
Joseph Sevey 
James Dilbeney 
Wooden Foster 
Nath' Tinkler 
Samuel Scott 
Thomas Knight 
Amos Boynton 
James Shaw 



William Corliss 
Daniel Hill 
Stephen Young 
Samuel Rich 
John Sinkler 
Jacob Foster 
Jolm Warren 
Will How 
Benf Getechel 
.lapeth Shi then 
David Longfellow 
Nathan Longfellow 



Ephraim Andrews 
Stephen Jones 
Stephen Parker 
John Scott 
Bunj'' Foster 
Reuben Liljby 
jhn Wooden Foster 
John Revveys 
Isaiah foster 
Joseph Gctccln'l 
William Albec 



Machias Nov'""*'' 9^" 1770 



116 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Henry Young Brown 1770 

To His Honour Thomas Hutchinson Esq'' Lieu* Governour 
Commander in chief in and over his Majestys Province of the 
Massachusetts bay the Honourable his Majestys Council & 
house of representatives Nov'' 13"' 1770 

Humbly Sheweth Henry Young Brown 

That your memorialist preferred a Petition to the General 
Court which was considered last April praying for an allow- 
ence for that part of his Township which he purchased of this 
province that lies between Warrens & Bryants Lines and 
claim'^ by New hampshire also for his Expencnces in laying 
out his first Grant and other necessar}' Expences he has been 
at in Consequence of orders from the General Court in Octo- 
ber 1765 For which he hath not had an allowance 

When the affair was under consideration it was thought 
that he could avail himself of one hundred and Fifty pounds 
out of what he had Rec* of the Settlers he Sold to. and they 
be Quieted in their Lands under New hampshire. Since that, 
five of them have Recovered against him Two hundred and 
Seventy Eight pounds Exclusive of his own Expences which 
is above one hundred Dollars, all which he hath been oblig'^ 
to pay. So that instead of having 160X he has paid Consid- 
erable more than he Rec*^ of his Settlers. 

What he Rec'^ out of the Treasury hath been Expended 
and accounted for to the acceptance of the Court and hath no 
reference to what he asks allowence for, that Expence being 
founded on an order of June 1766 which directed him to 
prosecute and defend actions with those claiming under New 
hampshire — 

The land he was ordered to lay out in Lieu of his former 
Grant is not half so Good as his first Grant — Which first 
Grant the General Court ordered him to keep possession of 
and to Go on in his Improvements and Settlements and if he 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 117 

should meet with any difficualty he Should be Releiv'^ this 
order pased after the matter had been Enquired into by a 
Committee Sent to View and Examine the foundation of the 
dispute which order prevented him from Secureing his Set- 
tlers under New harapshire which he could have done to 
great advantage ; 

Your memorialist humbly Conceives this court will not 
suffer him to be so Great a Looser by the dispute as is now 
Evident he must be if he Dont have further Relief 

therefore he humbly prays your honour and honours would 
Reassume the Consideration of his former petition and grant 
him Such further Relief as you in Your Great wisdom Shall 
think proper as in duty Bound Shall Ever pray 

Henry Young Brown 



Trade with Indians. 1770. 

In the House of Representatives Nov. 16, 1770. 

Resolved that the Commissary General be & hereby is 
duected to hire a suitable house at Passamiquaddy for the 
purpose of Carrying on A Trade with the Indians there. 
Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Speaker 

In Council Nov' 17^'' 1770 — Read & Nonconcurd 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 



Petition of Pondstown. 1770. 

l'ioviiic(; of the Massachusetts Bay 

To his Excellency Thomas Hutcliinsoii Esc^'' (Jovenioi' mid 
Commander in Chief the Hon'''" his Majcstys Council 
and Honorable TIou8(! of Representatives of the j)rovince 
aforesaid in General Court Assembled at — 



118 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The petition of the Inhabitants of a plantation called 
Pondstown, Humbly Sheweth, That we the Subscribers 
inhabitants of s** pondstown on the west side of Kennebeck 
River within the plymouth purchase might enjoy the Bless- 
ings of the Gospel and good Government amongst our selves, 
and be inabled to settle a Minister & School. We therefore 
most Humbly pray your Excels and Honors to incorporate us 
into a Town with all the priviledges, & Immunitys, with 
other towns within this province have, by the Name of 

as your Exc^ & Hon""* shall think 
proper by the following butts and bounds Viz* begining on 
the west side of Cobbiseconte great pond at the Easterly end 
of Lott N° One, from thence to run a West North West 
course five miles from thence to run a North North East 
course about seven Miles from thence to run an East South 
East _ seven miles or untill it Meets the Westerly line of the 
township N° One, — being five Miles from Kennebeck river 
& from thence to run Southerly untill it meet with the North 
Easterly end of Cobbiseconte Great pond, from thence to run 
Westerly on the northly end of s'^ pond to the West side 
thereof — then to run Southerly on the Westerly side of s'' 
pond to the first mentioned bounds, as appears by plan 
annexd — As this Country is at present but little cultivated 
it will oblige us to be at a great Expence in clearing roads & 
to build a House for the publick Worship of God, a Minis- 
terial house as well as a School & settling & supporting the 
Gospel, and many other charges will Naturly arise in a new 
Country and being poor in general, therefore we most Hum- 
bly Pray your Exc^ and Honours to Exempt us from paying 
province taxes for ten years to come and otherwise relive 
your petitioners as in Duty Bound shall ever pray 

Kennebeck December 1770 
John Chandler James Bishup Jonathan Emery 

James Pullen Ichabod "How John Blunt 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 



119 



Amos Stevens Seth Delano 

Benjamin Fairbanks Joseph Stevens 
Stephen Pullen Joseph Brown 



James Craigg 
Moses Ayer 
Elihu Smith 
Joseph Grele 
Nathan^' Emiy 



Robert Waugh 
Joseph Chandler 
Moses Grele 
Wright Brown 



Samuel frost 
John Chandler Juner 
Samuel Stevens 
Richard Humphrey 
Gideon Lambert 
Joseph Davenport 
Arther Dun 



Act relative to York Bridge. 1771. 

Anno Regni Regis Georgii Tertii undecimo 

An Act to Enable the Proprietors of the great Bridge over 
York River in the first Parish in said Town to take Toll for 
the repair & amendment thereof. 
Preamble. 

Whereas the great Bridge over York River in the first 
Parish in said ToAvn built in the year one thousand seven 
hundred Sixty one, appears to be of general use and public 
utility, and whereas the proprietors of the said Bridge have 
represented that the same is now in great want of repair and 
Amendment, and will very soon without it become useless, 
and have petitioned this Court for liberty to take a reason- 
able Toll of such persons as may have Occasion to pass and 
repass the said Bridge for the repair and Amendment thereof. 

Be it therefore Enacted by the Governour, Councill and 
House of Representatives, That the said Proprietors shall, & 
hereby are Authorized and impowered to demand and receive 
the several Rates & fees hereafter expressed, which every 
passenger is requiied to pay before they have liberty to pass 
viz. For every footman who shall pass the said liridge two 
thirds of a penny for every I\I;iii und lloise two ])eiic(', for 



120 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

every two Wheel chaize, chair or Sleigh & Horse with the 
Travellers therewith the sum of Four pence for every four 
Wheel carriage including the Passengers six pence for every 
Man with Team Cart or Sled the Sum of four Pence, for all 
horse kine or neat cattle two Thirds of a Penny, for Sheep or 
Swine four Pence a Dozen and so in proportion for a greater 
or lesser Number. 

And Be it further enacted that the said Proprietors be and 
hereby are impowered to appoint some suitable Person to 
receive said Toll from Time to Time as there shall be Occa- 
sion, who shall be approved of by the Court of General Ses- 
sions of the Peace for the County of York, & who shall give 
such Security as the said Court shall from Time to Time 
order and direct : and the Person so appointed and approved, 
as aforesaid, shall faithfully & diligently attend upon his 
duty, and at all Times between the Hours of five in the 
morning & Nine in the evening be ready to admit any Per- 
son to pass the said Bridge upon the penalty of Twenty Shill- 
ings for any neglect and in case he shall not be present to 
admit passengers to pass the Bridge between the Hours of 
Nine in the evening & five in the mornincf he shall leave the 
passage free and open. And the person so appointed and 
Approved as aforesaid, shall from Time to Time as often as 
the said Proprietors shall Order & direct exhibet an Account 
of the moneys he shall recieve as aforesaid, on Oath if 
required, to the said Proprietors or their Treasurer, duly by 
them appointed, and shall pay the said Sum to him or them 
Accordingly, to be Applyed by the said Proprietors for the 
repair & amendment of said Bridge, as they or the major part 
of them shall Order and direct. 

And be it further enacted that the passage of said Bridge 
shall be kept open and free for all Persons travelling to or 
from public worship on Lords Days — for the Inhabitants of 
the Town of York going to or from Public meetings of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 121 

Town or Parish Post riders ministers of the Gospel 1 on all 
Occasions, Constables and collectors of Taxes & all other 
officers of the said Town and Parish, while doing the Town 
or Parish business & members of the general Court going to 
or returning from the same. 

And be it further enacted that no fee or reward shall be 
demanded or taken for drawing up and Opening the Bridge 
for the passing and repassing of Vessells, and the same shall 
be made and kept as convenient as may be for that purpose, 
as hath always been heretofore Accustomed. 

And be it further Enacted that if the keeper of said 
Bridge shall at any Time demand or receive a greater Toll 
that what is allowed by this Act, he shall for every such 
offence be subject to the penalty of Twenty Shillings. And 
the said Proprietors shall keep, and exhibit to this Court 
under Oath when required an account of the Sums taken & 
Receiv'd for Toll as well as an Account of the Sums Advanced 
for the repair and Amendment of the said Bridge. 

And all fines and forfeitures arising by this Act shall be 
one moiety to him or them that shall sue for the same, and 
the other moiety to his Majesty to and for the use of the 
Province 

This Act to be in force for the space of Seven years from 
the Publication thereof and no longer. 

In the House of Representatives 
April 10 1771 Read the first time 
April 12 1771 Read a Second time 

Api- 13 1771 Read the third time & passd to be engross'' 
Sent up for Concurrence T Cushing Spk' 

In Council Ap' 15^" 1771 Read a first time Ki'" Read a 
second time & passed a Concurrence to be Engrossed 

Tho" Flucker Sec^" 



122 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Act of Incorporation 1771 

Anno Regni Regis Georgii Tertii Undecimo — 

An Act for incorporating a Certain Tract of land in the 
County of Lincoln into a Township by the Name of 

Whereas the Inhabitants of a certain Tract of Land lying 
on the East and West sides of Kennebeck River in the 
County of Lincoln are desirous of enjoying the Priviledges 
that will arise to them by being incorporated into a Town- 
ship 

Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and House of Rep- 
resentatives, That the Tract of Land aforesaid butted and 
bounded as follows viz'' beginning on the East side of Kenne- 
beck River on the North line of lott Number Fifty and run- 
ning from Kennebeck River on said line an East South East 
course five miles ( being bounded thus far by the Town of 
from thence to run Northerly about Eight 
miles more or less, on such a course as to meet the East end 
of a line running five Miles East South East from Kennebeck 
River along the Southerly side of lott Number One hundred 
and two, fronting on said Kennebeck River, from thence to 
run West North West on the last mentioned line to Kenne- 
beck River, and to run on the same course across the said 
river to the end of five Miles on the West side thereof, from 
thence to run Southerly to the North Westerly corner of the 
Town of aforesaid, from thence to run East 

South East five Miles on the Northerly side of said Town to 
Kennebeck River, and over said River to the first mentioned 
bounds ; be and hereby is erected into a Town by the Name 
of And that the Inhabitants thereof be and 

hereby are invested with all the Powers, Privileges and 
Immunities which the Inhabitants of any of the Towns within 
this Province respectively do, or by Law ought to Enjoy. 

And be it further enacted that James Howard Esq"^ be, 
and he hereby is impowered to issue his Warrant directed to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 123 

some principal Inhabitant of said Town requiring him to 
notify and warn the Inhabitants in said Town qualified by 
Law to vote in Town affairs, to meet at such Time and place 
as shall be therein set forth, to choose all such Officers as 
shall be necessary to manage the Affairs of said Town. 

And be it further enacted. That the Freeholders of the 
said Town shall be, And hereby are empowered at their first 
Meeting to proceed to bring in their Votes for a Register of 
Deeds and also for a Treasurer for the s** County of Lincoln 
qualified according to Law. And the Votes for such Regis- 
ter and Treasurer sliall be at the same time Sealed up by a 
Constable of said Town who ma}^ then be chosen and sworn, 
and by him returned unto the Court of General Sessions of 
the Peace to be liolden in June next at Pownalborougli for 
said County, in the same manner as by law in like cases is 
provided for other Towns within this Province : which Court 
is hereby Authorized and required to receive the said Votes : 
which Votes with the Votes of the other Towns of said 
County shall be opened, Sorted and Counted as the Law 
directs, for the determining the choice of such Register and 
Treasurer, And such Choice shall be to all intents and pui- 
poses Valid and effectual in Law — 

And be it further enacted That if by reason of Sickness or 
any other means the said James Howard Esq"" shall be pre- 
vented from performing the Business (or any part thereof) 
to which lie is appointed by this Act, then in tliat case 
William Cushing Esq'' shall be and hereby is impowered to 
transact the whole or any part of said Business as fully and 
effectually as the said Ja« Howard Esq'' is by tlie several 
clauses of this Act empowered to Transact the same. 

In Council April 23, 1771 Read a first Time 21 Read a 
second Time & passed to be Eiigiossed 

S(;nt down for Concurrence TIio" Fliickcr Scc^ 



124 DOCUMENTARY HISTOliY 

In the House of Representatives Ap. 24, 1771 

Read a first Second & third time & passed a Concurrence 
to be Engrossed 

T Gushing Spk'' 



Act of Incorporation 1771. 

Anno, Regni, Regis, Georgii, Tertii, Undecinio 

An Act for Incorporating a certain Tract of Land in the 
County of Lincoln into a Town by the Name of 

Whereas the Inhabitants of a certain Tract of Land lying 
on the East and West side of Kennebec River in the County 
of Lincoln are desirous of enjoying the privileges that will 
arise to them by being Incorporated into a Town. 

Be it therefore Enacted by the Governor, Council and 
House of Representatives That the Tract of Land aforesaid 
butted & bounded as follows viz* begining on the East side 
of Kennebec River at the South line of a hundred Acre lot 
number one hundred & two, and on the north line of the 
Town of and running an East South East 

03 course five Miles bounded thus far on said Town, from thence 
p to run north-easterly about six miles on such a course as to 
meet the East end of the North line of a Tract of Land 
granted to John Winslow Esq"^ and others (which end is five 
miles distant from Kennebec River on an E S E Course) from 
thence to run West northwest on the last mentioned line five 
miles to Kennebec River, and to run the same course across 
the said River to the end of five miles on the West side of 
the said River ; from thence to run Southwesterly about six 
miles to the Northwesterly corner of the Town of 
aforesaid, from thence to run an East Southeast course on 
said Town to Kennebec River and over the said River to the 
first mentioned bounds; be and hereby is erected into a 



OF THE STATE OF JMAESTE 125 

To\sTi by the Name of ; and that the Inhab- 

itants thereof be and hereby are invested with all the powers, 
privileges and immunities which the Inhabitants of the Towns 
within this Province respectively do or by Law ought to 
enjoy. 

And be it further Enacted That James Howard Esq"^ be 
and he hereby is inipowered to issue his Warrant directed to 
some principal Inhabitant in said Town requiring hira to 
notify and warn the Inhabitants thereof, qualified by Law to 
vote in Town affairs, to meet at such time and place as sliall 
be therein set forth, to choose all such Officers as shall be 
necessary to manage the affairs of said Town — 

And be it further Enacted Tliat the Freeholders of the 
said Town shall be & hereby are inipowered at their s*^ first 
Meeting to bring in their Votes for the choice of a Register 
of Deeds for the County of Lincoln, also for a Treasurer for 
said County qualified according to Law ; and the Votes for 
such Register & Treasurer shall at the same time by a Con- 
stable who may be then Chosen & sworn be Sealed up and 
by him returned unto the Court of General Sessions of the 
peace to be holden in June next at Pownalborough for the 
said County in like manner as is provided by law in like 
cases for other Towns within this Province which Court is 
hereby authorized & required to receive the said Votes, which 
with the Votes of the other Towns of said County shall be 
opened, sorted & counted as the Law directs, for tlie deteiiiiin- 
ing the choice of such Register & Treasurer, such choice shall 
be to all intents and purposes valid & effectual in Law. 

And 1)0 it further Enacted That if l)y reason of Sickness 
or any other means the said James I low aid Esci"" sliall \)v. 
picvciitcd Iroiii |iciT(>riiiiiig th(! business, or any part iherooi, 
to wliicli he is appointed by this Act, tlieii and in that case 
Williuiii (!iisliing Esq"" shall 1k^ vSo hciu'l)}- is inipowered to 
transact the whole or any pari of siidi business as fully ant! 



126 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

effectually as the said James Howard Esq"" is by the several 
clauses of this Act irapowered to transact the same 

In the House of Representatives 
April 13 1771 read a first time 

23 1771 read a second time 

24 1771 read a third time & passed to be Engrossed 
Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk"" 

In Council April 24. 1771 Read a first Time & a second 
Time & passed a Concurrence To be Engrossed 

Tho« Flucker Sec-^^ 

Begining on the East side of Kennebeck River at an Hem- 
lock Tree standing on the Bank of s*^ River, & one rod West 
North west of a large Rock & two miles & half a mile on a 
north North East Course from Fort Hallifax, & from said 
Fort to run East south East five miles to a Beach Tree mark'd 
thence to run South south west five miles & one hundred & 
seventy eight Poles, thence West North West to the North 
East Corner of the Town of thence on the 

Northerly Line of said Town West North West five miles to 
Kennebeck river, thence to run across s'^ River the same 
Course to the end of five miles on the West side of said 
River, butting thus far on the same Northerly Line of the s'^ 
Town of thence Northerly on such a Course 

so far as to meet the west end of a Line running from the 
Hemlock Tree abovementioned West North West five miles 
from Kennebeck River, thence to run East south East on the 
last mentioned Line five miles to s'* Kennebeck River thence 
across s* River to the Hemlock Tree afores*^ the first men- 
tioned Bound. 

Act of Incorporation. 1771 

Anno Regni Regis Georgii Tertii Undecimo 

An Act for Incorporating a Certain Tract of Land called 



OF THE MAINE OF STATE 127 

Pond Town in the County of Lincoln into a Town by tlie 
Name of 

Whereas the Inhabitants of a certain Tract of Land called 
Pond Town lying on the West side of Kennebeck river in y** 
County of Lincoln are desirous of enjoying y** Privileges that 
will arise to them by being incorporated into a Town 

Be it enacted by y® Gov'' Council & House of Representa- 
tives, that y® Tract of land aforesaid, butted & bounded as 
follows viz : Beginning on y® West side of Cobbeseconte great 
Pond at the easterly End of the Southerly Line of a two 
hundred Acre Lot Number One, from thence to run a West 
North West Course five Miles ; from thence to run a North 
North East Course about nine miles, till it meets a Line run- 
ing West North West from the North West Corner of the 
Town of , from thence to run East South East 

on the last mentioned Line Seven miles more or less, to the 
Northwest Corner of the said Town ; and from thence to run 
Southerly on the Westerly Line of the said Town ; as far as 
the Northerly End of Cobbiseconte great Pond ; from thence 
to run Westerly on the northerly End of said Pond to the 
West Side thereof, then to run Southerly on the Westerly 
Side of said Pond to tlie first mentioned Boundary, including 
also the said Pond as far South as the said Boundary ; be 
and hereby is erected into a Township by the Name of 
and that the Inhabitants thereof be and hereby are invested 
with all tlie Powers Privileges and Iinuiunitics which Ihe 
Inhabitants of any of the Towns within this Province do or 
by J^aw ought to enjoy. 

And be it further enacted. That Ja** Howard Ivscj' he, atid 
hereby is empowered to issue his Warrant diiccted to soin(! 
|»iiuci[)al Inhabitant in said 'l'ownshi]i ii'(| iiii'ing him lo notily 
and warn the Iidiabitants in said Township, <iualili('d by Law 
to vote in 'IVnvn Affuii's, to meet at such Tiiim and IMace, as 



128 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

shall be therein set forth, to chuse all such Officers as shall 
be necessary to manage the Affairs of the said Township. 

And be it further enacted, That the Freeholders of the said 
Town shall be, and are hereb}^ empowered, at their first Meet- 
ing to proceed to bring in their Votes for a Register of Deeds, 
and also for a Treasurer, for the said County of Lincoln qual- 
ified according to Law ; and the Votes for such Register and 
Treasurer shall be at the same Time sealed up hy a Consta- 
ble of said Town who may then be chosen and sworn, and by 
him returned unto the Court of General Sessions of the Peace 
holden in June next at Pownallborough for the said County 
in the same Manner as is provided by Law in like Cases for 
other Towns within this Province ; which Court is hereby 
authorized and required to receive the said Votes ; which 
Votes with the Votes of the other Towns of said County 
shall be opened, sorted and counted, as the Law directs, for 
the determining the Choice of such Register and Treasurer 
And such Choice shall be to all Intents and Purposes valid 
and effectual in Law. 

And be it further enacted, That if by Reason of Sickness, 
or any other Means the said Ja* Howard Esq"^ shall be pre- 
vented from performing the Business (or any Part thereof) 
to which he is appointed by this Act, then in that case 
William Cushing Esq"" shall be and hereby is empowered to 
transact the whole or any Part of said Business as fully and 
effectually as the said Ja* HoM^ard Esq'' is by the several 
Clauses of this Act empowered to transact the same. 

[ The wild lands along the Kennebec began about this time to attrat-t 
attention. There was a rapidly growing interest at this time in the 
incorporation of towns along the Kennebec river, and several were 
incorporated as here shown, four at this session of the General Court, 
namely, Winthrop, named for Governor Winthrop ; Vassalboro, for 
William Vassal, one of the Assistants of Massachusetts ; Winslow, for 
General John Winslow ; and Hallowell, for the well known Ilallowell 
family. The names were left by the General Court to be supplied by 
the inhabitants.] 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 129 

In Council April 23, 1771. Read a first Time y« 24. 
Read a second Time & Passed to be Engrossed 

Sent down for Concurrence Tho^ Flucker Sec^^^ 

In the House of Representatives Ap. 2-4. 1771 

Read a first a second and a third time & passed a Con- 
currence to be Engrossed 

T Cushing Spk-" 



Petition in behalf of Q-eorge Town. 1771. 

To His Excellency Thomas Hutchinson Esq" Captain Gen- 
eral & Comander in Chief in & over his Majesties province of 
Massachusetts Bay — The Honorable the Council & House 
of Representatives in General Court assembled May 29 1771 

The Petition of James M'^Cobb in Behalf of the Town of 
George Towai humbly shews 

That said Town was fined in the Sum of Ten pounds for 
not returning a representative to the General Assembly the 
last year 

Your Petitioner prays this Hon''' Court that said fine may 
be remitted, & Ijegs leave to offer the following Reasons 

The said Town being at the distance of one hundred «& 
Eighty miles from Boston, it has been seldom that the Select- 
men could have a Precept in Season : and particularly the 
last year tlie precept came so late that a Meeting of the Town 
could not be had, till tlie very day before the Election of 
Counccllors, whereby it became impossible for the Town to 
return a Meml)er timely enough for them to enjoy their full 
Share of tlie Riglit & Privilege of Representation 

But fnitlicr your Petitioner would liumMy rcincsciit, that 
llic Inhabitants of said Town were; in very (Hstrcssiiig Cir- 
(•miistances occasioned l)y the Destruction of tlieir Grass & 
Corn by Worms, many Persons having thereby lost four fifths 



130 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of their Crops, & in Consequence a great part of their stock 
of Cattle in the Spring by which means they were greatly 
impoverish'^ 

Wherefore your Petitioner prays your Excellency & Honors 
to take the Case of said To^vn into your compassionate Con- 
sideration and afford them Releif And as in duty bound 

shall ever pray 

James M^Cobb 

In the House of Representatives June 11 1771 

Resolved that the prayer of this pef* be granted & that 
there be allow*^ & paid out of the publick Treasury the sum 
of Ten pounds into the Hands of James M'^Cobb Esq"^ for the 
Use of the said Town of George Town accordingly 

Sent up for Concurrence Tho Cushing Spk'' 

In Council June 18*^ 1771 Read & Concurred 

Tho« Flucker Sec^ 

Consented to T Hutchinson 



Extract from Speech. May 30, 1771. 

Gentlemen of the Council and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 
" It is with pleasure that I now inform you that the account 
which I thought my self warranted to transmit to England, 
the last Fall of the general disposition in the people of the 
Province to promote Order and a due submission to Govern- 
ment gave the greatest satisfaction to His Majesty, who has 
notliing more at heart than to see his Subjects in a State of 
happiness Peace and Prosperity. By making these the great 
Objects of my Administration I shall advance the real Inter- 
est of the Province and at the same time do that duty to the 
King which he requires of me. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 131 

The common inferior business of the Province necessary to 
be acted upon at this Session I need not particularly point 
out to 3^ou. The state and circumstances of that part of the 
Province which lies to the East and North of Penobscot 
River, where settlements are every day making by persons 
who have no colour of Title, I am required by the King to 
recommend to your serious consideration. I think the peo- 
ple deceive themselves with a groundless expectation of 
acquiring a Title by force of possession. I know that His 
Majesty is displeased with such proceedings and I have rea- 
son to apprehend that a longer neglect of effectual measures, 
on OLir part, to prevent any further Intrusions and to remove 
those already made will occasion the interposition of Parlia- 
ment to maintain and preserve the possession of this Coimtry 
or District for the sake of His Majesty's Timber with which 
it is said to abound. I recomended this important business 
to the Assembly of the last year at their Session in Septem- 
ber. The Council thought it necessary then to be acted upon, 
but the House referred it to the next Session and then let it 
drop without further notice." 

T Hutchinson 

Council Chamber Cambridge 30 May 1771. 



Report on Petition of S. Livermore ^ others 1771 

The Committee to wiiom was referd tlie Petition of Sumiu'l 
Livermore Esq'' and others have enquired into tlic Fads 
therein set Forth and Judge tliem to be True and thcretoie 
of Opinion that the following Resolve pass 

In the House of Representatives June: 11 : 1771 
Resolved, tliat the prayer of tliis Petition be granted and 
that there be (J ran ted to tlie Petitioners and to the Assigns 
or Legal Representatives of the Original (Jrantees in the said 



132 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition mentioned their Heirs and Assigns a Territory of the 
Contents of Six Miles and three Quarters Square in some of 
the unappropriated Lands in the Province of Main to the 
Eastward of Saco-River adjoining to some former Grant to 
satisfie the Grant of a Township therein Mentioned Avhich 
they Lost by the running of the Line Between this Province 
and the Province of New Hampshire and that the Petitioners 
at the Cost of themselves and their Associates Cause the 
same to be Laid out by a Skilful Surveyor and Chainmen 
under Oath and return a Plan of the same to this Court for 
their Acceptance within Twelve Months and the said Grantees 
shall hold the same to themselves their Heirs and Assigns 
forever upon the following Conditions, viz* that the Grantees 
within Seven Years Settle Sixty Families in said Township, 
Build a House for the Public Worship of God and Settle a 
Learned Protestant Minister and lay out one 64'*^ part for 
the first Settled Minister, one 64"' part for the Ministry One 
64*^'' part for the use of a School and one 64"' part for the use 
of Harvard College forever — 

Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk"^ 

Li Council June 11"' 1771 Read & Concurred 

Tho^ Flucker Sec^ 

Consented to T Hutchinson 



Message. June 10, 1771. 

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives 

There is only one part of your Message presented to me 
yesterday which I think it necessary, at present, to make any 
Observations upon. 

In my Speech to the two Houses at opening the Session I 
expressed my Opinion of the necessity of effectual measures 
to prevent any farther Intrusions upon the Eastern parts of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 133 

the Province and to remove such as have been ah-eady made. 

The Council in a very obHging Address or Answer decLare 
their ^vilhngness to do every thing they can in conjunction 
with the other Branches of the Legislature to convince the 
Intruders that they are under a mistake if they expect to 
acquire Title by force of their Possession. 

You tell me that I am sensible some of these Settlements 
are in consequence of Grants made by the General Assembly 
of this Province agreeable to the Royal Charter and if any 
settlements are made there witliout any colour of Title you 
apprehend that the penalty provided by Charter and the 
appointment of Surveyors is sufficient to prevent Trespasses 
on the King's Woods and that there is no necessity, at pres- 
ent of the Interposition of this or any other Legislature for 
that purpose. 

The words in the Charter are " that no Grant of any Lands 
lying &c^ shall be of any force valithty or effect until We our 
Heirs and Successors shall have signified our or their Appro- 
bation of the same." Now a Grant cannot give a colour of 
Title without having some force vahchty or effect. It is 
immaterial whether the Settlements are with or without Grants 
from the Court. In either case the Settlers are alike Intruders 
for none have the Royal approbation. I know what the Pen- 
alties are in the Charter and in divers Acts of Parliament for 
Trespasses made upon the King's Woods. I have not asked 
you to join with me in more effectual measures for punishing 
such Trespasses. I desired your assistance in removing such 
persons as have already intruded and in preventing all otliers 
from intruding upon tlie Lands, for by means of such Intru- 
sions Trespasses are easily committed without any great 
danger of discovery let the Surveyors be ever so vigihmt & 
attentive to their duty. 

You have avoided a direct Answer and I have ikj encour- 
agement that you will join in removing the IntriMh.'rs with or 



134 DOCUMEl^TARY HISTORY 

without what you call Grants or in discouraging others from 

making further Intrusions. I am bound to explain to you 

my Intention in my Speech to repeat my recommendation 

and my apprehensions of the consequences of your neglect, 

that I may never be charged with having failed giving you 

that warning which I ought to have done 

T Hutchinson 
Boston 19 June 1771 



Committee appointed. 1771 

In Council June 21* 1771 

Ordered that W™ Brattle James Bowdoin & James Otis 
Esq^^ with such as the hon^® house shall Join be a Committee 
to Consider the Circumstanes of those people who are Settled 
on Lands In the County of Lincoln to the Eastward of Penob- 
scot River under Grants from this Court, and Report what 
they shall Judge propper to be done Respecting them 

Sent down for Concurrence Tho^ Flucker Sec^ 

In the House of Representatives June 21 1771 Read & 
Nonconcurred 

T Gushing Spk-^ 

In the House of Representatives June 22 1771 

Reconsidered & Concurred & IVP Speaker M"^ Fisk JVP Otis 

& Coll Worthinton are joynd 

T Gushing Spk"" 

The Com*^® of both Houses appointed by the Order annexed 
having Considered the Affair in the said Order mentioned 
beg leave to report y® following draft of a Letter of Instruc- 
tions to their respective Agents in London, to be sent to them 
in y® name and behalf of the Two Houses respectively : which 

is humljly submitted 

W" Brattle by order 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 135 

In Council July 1^^ 1771 : 

Read & accepted as taken into a new Draft 

Sent up for Concurrence Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

In the House of Representatives July 1. 1771 

Read & Concurred T Gushing Spk'' 



Act of Incorporation 1771. 

Anno Regni Regis Georgii Tertii Undecimo. 

An Act for Erecting the New Plantation called Narragan- 
set N" One in the County of York into a Town by the Name 
of 

Whereas the Plantition called Narraganset N° One in the 
County of York into a Town will greatly Contribute to the 
Growth thereof and remedy many inconveniences to wliich 
the Inhabitants ik, proprietors thereof may be otherwise 
Subjected 

Be it enacted by the Gover'' Council and House of Repre- 
sentatives that the Plantition Called Narraganset N° One in 
the County of York — Bounded as foUoweth ( to wit ) South- 
westerly on Saco River Southeasterly on Pepper ellborough 
and Scarborough Northeasterly on Gorham Nortliwesterly on 
Peircentown So Called, be and hereby is Erected into a Town 
by the Name of [ Buxton * ] and that the Inhabitants 
thereof be and hereby are invested with all the Powers, priv- 
iledges & immunities which the To\\ns within this i)rovince 
do injoy. 

And be it further Enacted that Rushwoilli Jordan Esc]" 
Be and hereby is iiiipowered & Directed to Issue his wiuiant 
directed to some principal Inhabitant in s'" Town, re(iuiriiig 
him to warn the Inhabitants of the s'' Town who are Free- 
holders to meet at such time & place as shall bo thcircin set 



♦ So named for Buxton on lUver Wye, England. 



136 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

forth who at said first meeting sliall be empowered to Chuse 
all such ofiicers as are or shall be required by Law to manage 
the affairs of s*^ Town and they are further impowered when 
so assembled to chuse a moderator to regulate s'' Meeting. 

In the House of Representatives June 24, 1771 
Read a first time 
June 27 Read a second time 

June 27 177_ Read a Third time & passed to be Engrossed 
Sent up for Concurrence T Cushing Spk'' 



Resolve. 

In the House of Representatives June 27^'' 1771 

One plan of the Township of Land Taken by Nath" Dwight 
Sarveyer in the favour of William Bullock Esq"" & others 
Containing within s*^ Plan Twenty three thousand & forty 
acers of Land which is agreable to the order of the Gene^ 
Court : Resolved that the Tract of Land afores*^ be & Remain 
to said proprietors & there Heires & assigns uppon there ful- 
filing the Condit^ hereafter mentioned viz Said Proprietors to 
Settle the Tract of Land afores*^, with fifty famihes & Errect 
& build fifty Dwelling houses thereon none Less than Eigh- 
teen feet Squair & Seven feet Stud & Clear & Cultivate 
Seven acres of Land on Eaich Right or Share fit for Tillage 
& Mowing within Seven yeares from the Date hereof & within 
s'* Time builde a Sutable Meeting House for the pubhck wor- 
ship of God : & Settle a Lerned protestant Minister & make 
Suteable provision for his Comfortable Support : & allso Avithin 
s** Township there be reserved & appropriated one Sixty third 
part thereof to the first Settled or ordained minister his heires 
& assigns for Ever & one Sixty third part thereof for the use 
of the ministry & one Sixty third part for the use & Benefit 
of a School for Ever & furthermore Said proprietors are to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 137 

agree with Such person or persons Now in tlie possession of 
aney of the Lands within the bounds of the Townsliip afore- 
said as shall be Estemated Just & Eaqutable : not Less than 
one hundred acres to Each person thereon so as to Quiet 
them in there possession thay allowing s'* Proprietors the 
Value of the same as tho no Improvement had ben made 
thereon ; & in Case the Grantees and Settlers shall not agree 
upon the Value of s'' Lands it shall be Determined by a Com- 
mittee of this Court & if the Grantees or proprietors of s*^ 
Tract of Land should faile or neglect within s'' Seven yeares 
of Complying with the Conditions afores** thay shall forfeit 
there Right to said Tract of Land, which in that Case shall 
revert to the province 

Sent up for Concurrence T Cushing Spk' 

In Council June 28^'' 1771 Read and Concurred 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

Consented to T Hutchinson 



Report of Commissioners on Machias Sept^ 12"'- 1771. 

Pursuant to your Excellency's Instructions, you will per- 
mit us to make the following Remarks — 

1^* The quality of the Land at Machias is very good, 
capable of making extraordinary Farms, from the prixhice 
whereof the Grantees may live very comfoitably and have a 
surplusage for market, and considering tlie great improve- 
ments in so short a time which they have made We believe 
that will soon be the case, provided tliey meet witli no 
obstructions. 

2ndiy ^Yq eannot by our view whi(;h was very consider- 
able or by the best information we could get, fmd that tho 
Pine 'J'rees growing there are capabh; of making masts for 



138 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

his Majesty's Royal Navy, they being what is called Saplings. 
There is an extraordinary Harbour with several ways of 
entrance into it and a number of Navigable Rivers within 
the bounds of Machias. About four miles up the River 
called Eastern River on one branch of it there is a very large 
Pond which they call a Lake, about twelve miles in length 
and three or four miles in wedth with a variety of Fish in it 
as well as in the River aforesaid : the Rivers abounding with 
Salmon and Salmon Trouts &c. of large dimensions. The 
Rivers there all communicate with the main River which 
empties itself into the Ocean. There are a considerable 
number of Mills in said place, the people very notable, sober, 
peaceable, and industrious, a few excepted, who tho' not so 
peaceable are very industrious. 

grdiy That there might be as much peace and good order 
at Machias as in the other twelve granted Towns, we would 
humbly offer it as our opinion that the authority which is 
now there should be strengthned. This we believe would 
be greatly for his Majesty's service and the honor of Govern- 
ment. It was with great pleasure that we had an opportu- 
nity of Swearing M"^ Sinkler an Inhabitant there into the 
office of a Deputy Sheriff. That there should be such an 
Officer there was absolutely necessary, especially as there 
neither was nor could be a Constable in that place, it not 
being Incorporated: but there being but one Goal in the 
County wherein it lies & that Goal near 70 leagues distant 
by water and for several months in the year inaccessible, 
involves in it a thousand legal difficulties which might be 
removed if there was a Goal at and in Fort Pownall, 
where there is a convenient Room which would extremely 
well answer that purpose and in no wise hurt the Garrison. 
But this cannot be done with your Excellency's permission 
which we doubt not will be granted, as it will be so much 
for his Majesty's real service. And if we should be so 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 139 

happy as to have your Excell^' view it in the same point of 
light We persuade ourselves for the reason aforesaid that 
you will be pleased to express your sentiments, — with your 
permission to the Court of General Sessions of the peace at 
Pownalborough that the same by them may be made a Goal 
during the Governor's pleasure. — Machias is about 36 
leagues from Fort Pownall and about 90 from Boston. 

4tiiiy It was with pleasure and at the same time with 
grief, we heard the good people at Machias express their 
ardent desires that they might be in a legal capacity to main- 
tain the preaching of the Gospel among them and that they 
and their Children might be taught to fear God and honor 
the King. That they are sincere in it we have abundant 
reason to believe when we consider that whilst we were there 
the Reverend Gentleman that went down with us preached 
twice a day the two Sabbaths we were at Machias and one 
Lecture to an audience consisting of about 150 or rather two 
hundred persons and Baptized 13 Children. We are sure 
your Excell^ feels for these people and for those in the 
Towns abovementioned and will do every thing for them 
touching the premises that possibly can be done, consistent 
with your duty to his Majesty. 

gthiy 'pj^g number of Males at Machias from sixteen & 
upwards are about 150 and of Families upwards of Sixty. 

gtuiy ^g to the quality of the Land at Gouldsboro' what 
bounds upon the Harbour we thought not very extraordinary, 
but we were informed that that was the worst of the Land ; 
at Frenchmans Bay, part of Gouldsboro' where M"^ Justice 
Nathan Jones lives, the Land is very good, but no Pines lit 
for Masts grow there, being chiefly Saplings. Whilst we 
were at Gouldsboro' Cap' Smith in a Ship from and belong- 
ing to Bristol in England and bound there, was in the Har- 
bour which is a mighty good one ( tho' dangerous to enter 
witliout a good pilot, having some ledges of Rocks near the 



140 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

entrance ) informed us that he had either lost a mast or 
wanted a spare one, and that he could not get one in the 
whole Township. The people in general we are informed 
are honest, sober and peaceable. The Lands in the other 
granted Townships bj what we saw of them and by what we 
heard are good, very much improved for the time and very 
much in the same situation with respect to Pine Trees fit for 
his Majesty's Royal Navy as at Machias and Gouldsboro'. 
The people in general are sober industrious, peaceable and 
well affected to Government and make great Improvements 
of the Lands granted them. This we had ocular demonstra- 
tion of, when we came between the Islands and the main 
from Mount Desart to Fort Pownall, which is about 20 
leagues. We anchored on a Saturday (24 August) near 
Naskeeg point within the Reach called Egamogging Reach 
18 miles in length very strait and about a mile wide 
extremely pleasant; good improvements in many places on 
each side thereof; an Inhabitant having about 100 Cocks of 
fine English Hay upon about five acres of Land as we 
judged. This is in the Township N° four: We were 
detained here by reason of a calm and the Tide against us 
till Lords day noon ; the people ashore upon their knowing 
there was an Ordained Minister on board, entreated that we 
would go ashore and that the minister would perform Divine 
Service amongst them and Baptise their Children, there not 
having been a Sermon ever preached there. It gave us 
great satisfaction to see such a disposition in them and that 
providence had given us such an opportunity to oblige them. 
We went ashore, divine Service was carried on and nine 
Children baptised and one adult, tho' these people had only 
one hours notice. We apprehend there are 500 Families at 
least in the thirteen granted Townships. Notwithstanding 
the Pine Trees afores*^ are generally of the Sapling kind, yet 
as we are informed in the rear of said Townships there are 



OF THE STATE OF INIAINE 141 

some very fine Trees fit to Mast the Royal Navy, the Land 
there being stronger and better, but without the clearing of 
the Land in said granted Townships they cannot be trans- 
ported to the Water side without very great expence. We 
were at Mount Desart, the Land there is extremely good, 
saving the mountains which are a Desart and from whence 
IMonsieur Champlain gave it that name — We suppose 
there was or might have been mowed there a thousand Tuns 
of fine Salt hay this year, and a vast quantit}'^ of fresh and 
English Grass. There are on it man}' stately Trees fit for 
Royal Masts. 

7"'^^' It is most certain that the people who have settled 
and are settling in the 13 Townships have this intention to 
make further Improvements and to spend their days there : 
But that they went there only for the sake of the Timber 
and when they have cut that off intend to quit the Lands is 
without the least color of truth : for can it be conceived that 
persons who have laid out their Money and strength upon 
these Lands by clearing and making such profitable Improve- 
ments thereon, so that in fact they now support themselves 
and Families, should ever voluntarily quit the same, espec- 
ially when a great number, perhaps far the greatest never Avas 
concerned in logging, Masting, or a Saw Mill. This your 
Excellency may depend upon as a fact ; and it is the opinion 
of the most thinking amongst them and their practice is 
accordingly that upon the whole and in the conclusion tliose 
who aie least concerned in logging will be the Richest. 
They gave us numbers of instances to support their senti- 
ments by way of comparison and we nuist confess that we 
were intirely of their mind. 

yii'iy \\ry j(j ^^^Jl jjn,] that there haili been mucli if any spoil 
or waste made on the Lands aforesaid by cutting Tiees fit for 
Masts for llie Royal Navy and we are so far from apprehend- 
ing that the settUng these Townships with Inhabitants can. 



142 DOCUJrENTARY HISTORY 

supposing there was a number of Trees fit for the Royal 
Navy therein, have any tendency to destroy said Trees, that 
we believe quite the contrary and for this plain reason, that 
there is less hazard of detection in committing Trespasses 
where there are no settled fixed Inhabitants than in a place 
where there are numbers of such Inhabitants, many of whom 
from a sense of duty or for a Reward would turn Informers 
and we are from our own observations certain that there is 
no Trading Maritime Town destitute of Informers, and the 
reason of the thing holds equally good with respect to 
Informers in the above case. 

Lastly When we consider the description given by Mon- 
sieur Champlain who we apprehend was the first European 
that reconnoitred the Eastern shore and gave the River S' 
Croix its name, we are convinced that the River S' Croix 
mentioned in the Royal Charter can by no means be the 
River Passamaquoda, but that the River Passamaquoda 
being an Indian name was known thereby : When we con- 
sider also that there is a living Witness ( whose Deposition 
we '\Aash might be taken in perpetuam rei memoriam) who 
will Swear that about Sixty years ago he used to trade at S' 
Croix, that by the Indians he Traded with ( who were born 
there & always lived there and by the oldest of them who 
had it from their Fathers ) the River S' Croix aforesaid was 
known by that name, and that S* Croix River was East of 
Passamaquoda. When we consider these things and many 
more we could mention it is plain to us that the River S* 
Croix which we call by that name and which is East of Pas- 
samaquoda is the true River S* Croix and the Eastern 
boundary of this Province as mentioned in the Charter. 
Notwithstanding which we are well informed that there are 
Grants made by the Governor or Government of Nova Scotia 
of Grand Manan, some of the Islands of Passamaquoda Bay 
and of Land upon the main and settlements tliereon, all 



OF THE MAINE OF STATE 143 

West of St. Croix. And we are also informed that the same 
Lands are very good. 

The above Remarks are humbly submitted to your Excel- 
lency by 

William Brattle 
James Bowdoin 
Tho« Hubbard 
Boston Septem^ 12'M7Yl 

A true Copy 

att'» Tho. Flucker Sec^ 



Memorial of Arthur Savage 1771. 

To His Excellency Thomas Hutchinson Esq"" Governor of 
The Province of The Massachusetts Bay.' &c t&c 

Arthur Savage Comptroller of His Majestys Customs for 
the Port of Falmouth, begs leave Humbly to represent to 
Your Excellency 

That on the Evening of the 12"^ Currant setting in my 
House at Falmouth in company with my Nephew M'" William 
Savage just before nine of the Clock, some person gave a 
violent stroke at the door of the House of your Memorialist 
upon which my Nepliew abovemention'' took a Candle, and 
went to the door, and unbolted the same, Immediately on 
which I heard a rushing in the Entry, and turning me head 
towards tlie door of the Room, I see a number of disguised 
persons cnti'ing the same. Upon which your Memorialist rose 
and Spoke to them, and asked them their Business with Him, 
and was answered by the peisons in disguise, that they had 
come to know wlio was tlie lufoiiiier, and immediately seazed 
me, I answered the persons in disguise That I could not lett 
tliom know who the person was, They replyed with an Oath 
Tliat I should tell, and forceably hauled me out of my 



144 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

House, Upon which I told them they need not treat me 111, 
as if I must go with them I would walk without hauling 
me — being forced immediately into tlie Street, I desired my 
Nephew beforementioned to call M'^ Benjamin Titcomb ( who 
lives opposite to me ) Said Titcomb came into the Street, 
and I lett him know " That I was forced out of my House 
" by a number of persons armed with Clubs, and in disguise, 
" and what they Intended against me I did not know, and 
" desired the assistance of the said Titcomb "; Upon which 
one of the disguised persons replyed, " We come to know 
" who was the Informer and by God you must and shall tell, 
upon which said Benj* Titcomb said, applying himself to 
your Memorialist. — We want to know who the Informer is, 
which we shall be glad to know — and left me, Immediately 
on which I asked M'' William Savage beforement^ to keep by 
me, The disguised Persons then violently pushing me, and 
hauling me by my Arms down a lane leading towards the 
River, M'' W"" Savage soon disapeared, and I was left in 
their custody, without any person to assist me. Said disguised 
persons hurreing me along the side of the River where no 
House is, but at a considerable distance, and frequently stopt 
and surrounded me, and with horrid Oathg and threatnings 
demanded whether I would let them know the name of the 
Informer. I still refused to satisfy them, and continued in 
telling them it was contrary to my duty so to do, and 
demanded of them wether I had in any way or manner 
Injured any of them they the disguised persons replyed I 
had not, but by the Almighty God I should tell them who 
the Informer was, I repeatedly answered them to these 
demands, that I would not lett them know who he was, lett 
the Consequences be what they would. Upon which they 
continued forcing me along to the extream parts of this 
Town, and soon after a loud Yell was given and they sur- 
rounded me, ( being upwards of twenty five persons ) and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 145 

with verry tlireatning expressions told me they where 
armed, I answered I could not help it, upon which the per- 
son who appeared their leader presented a Pistle towards 
me, and told me " That by the living God I now must lett 
them know, or take the consequence, and at the same Time 
three or four others by me shew their Pistles — upon which 
I lett them know what I was acquainted with respecting the 
matter, which they obliged me twice at the place to Swear 
to, and immediately turned, and brought me up the lane 
w'' they had carried me down, and stopped at the door of the 
House of Benj* Titcomb beforemention'\ where they the 
disguised persons asked for Liquor, and obliged me there to 
swear to what I had before done — Upon which upon men- 
tioning my Swearing That if I knew any of them I would 
not make a discovery — They the disguised persons in the 
most Solemn manner, called God to wittness " That if I knew 
" any of them and should discover them, they would destroy 
"me, or words conveying that meaning — they then fired 
two or three Pistles in the Air, and left me in the Street 
opposite to my House, after being in their custody near One 
Hour. 

Your memorialist would further Acquaint Your Excellency 
tliat the next day being the 13*^ in Company with the Col- 
lector, and deputy collector he waited on tlie Justices of the 
Inferior Court, then sitting at Falmouth, and made known to 
them perticularly the circumstances before related. Who 
remarked that it was a high handed Riott — bore Testimony 
against it, and told me all they could do was to Issue 
Warrants in case any of the persons where known. Your 
memorialist answered that he could not say who tlie persons 
where. 

On Thursday 14^'' INP William Savage beforemenf* having 
committed to writing wliat he knew respecting the Riott 
Afoieiiient'', was desirous ( at the request of your memorial- 

10 



146 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ist ) to make Oath to the same — I attended him to the 
House where the Justices of the Inferior Court where Set- 
ting, and taking Enock Freeman Esq one of said Justices 
into another Room the said writing was offered to said Free- 
man with the desire of the said W"" that he might be 
admitted to make Oath to the same which the said Enock 
refused to administer — I then called out another of the said 
Justices, and after sending for the beforemenf^ Benjamin 
Titcomb, and reading the said writing to him (the words 
aledged to be spoken by him he having admitted to be True ) 
the said Justice declined administering an Oath, and was of 
Opinion It was proper to lay it before the Court — Soon 
after which on the same day Your Memorialist with Francis 
Waldo Esq"" Collector of said Port, William Tyng Esq'' 
Sherrif of the County of Cumberland, and M"^ W™ Savage 
beforement**, applied to The Justices of the Inferior Court 
then setting, and presented the said writing, and prayed that 
the said William might be admitted to make Oath to the 
Same, which said Justices after a debate on the matter for 
an Hour or more Voted that he should not be admitted to 
make Oath to the same three of which Justices voting 
directly agamst an Admission, and two of them where of 
Opinion that if it could be admitted it must be with M*^ 
Benjamin Titcomb beforement*^ Oath to his deposition on the 
Same paper, and to be used together. And as Your mem- 
orialist had the greatest Reason to think his life in danger, 
and as he could not receive the desired support from the 
Justices of the County, he tho* it his duty ( after deputiseiug 
a Sutable person to act for him in the Custom House) to 
repair to Boston and pray the protection of Your Excellency. 
He therefore Humbly prays That Your Excellency would 
be pleased to consider the distressed situation of Your 
Memorialist, his Wife, and familj-, who he has been obliged 
to leave at Falmouth, and that your Excellency will be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 147 

pleased to grant him such Relief as in your Wisdom you may 
judge the nature of his case calls for, And as in duty bound 
shall ever pray &c. 

A Savage 
Boston November 27'^: 1771. 

M'' Savage attending the Governor & Council further 
saith that he Certainly knew Jonathan Armstrong & 
Stone Masters of Vessels Living in Falmouth to be of the 
Company Mentioned In this Memorial, and that he verily 
Believes Thomas Sanford a Master of a Vessell was the per- 
son who presented the Pistol to his Breast — and that the 
reason Assigned by One of the Justices of the Sessions for 
not Admitting his Nephew William Savage to his Oath was, 
because the deposition Might possably be sent To the Com- 
missioners at Boston and by them be sent to England the 
Consequence whereof Might be fatal to the Town — he 
further said that Collonel Powell & M"" Bradbury two of the 
Justices said that If M'' W" Savage was Admitted to his 
Oath, that M'' Benj^ Titcomb should Likewise that they 
might appear Together 

A Savage 

November 27^'' 1771. Sworn to before the Governor & 
(Council 

Attest Tho« Flueker Sec/ 



Proceedings of the Cou7icil Regarding the Riot at Falmouth. 

At a Coun(dl held at the Council C/liamber, in l>oston, 
Wednesday November 27'" 1771. Present His Excellency 
Governor Hutchinson Jolm Erving Will'" IJrattle James 
Howdoin Esq" Tho" Hubbard Haiiisoii dray James Otis 
James Pitts Esq"" Stephen Hall 



148 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

His Excellency communicated to the Board, a Letter from 
William Tyng Esq' Sheriff of the County of Cumberland, to 
him, dated the 4*** Instant, together with a Copy of a Letter 
from Arthur Savage Esq"^ Comptroller of his Majesty's Cus- 
toms, at the Port of Falmouth, to the Commissioners at 
Boston with their Letter to his Excellency the Governor 
thereupon, and said Savages Memorial to him ; all relating 
to a violent Assault upon the Person of the said Savage, by 
sundry of the Inhabitants of the Town of Falmouth, on the 
Evening of the 12*'' Current, as particularly set forth in the 
several Papers aforementioned; when a Motion was made 
for M' Savage's Attendance who was accordingly sent for, 
and being asked whether he knew any of the Persons, con- 
cerned in the Riot? answered that he certainly knew Jona- 
than Armstrong and Stone, both Masters of Vessells, 
living in Falmouth, to be very active therein, and that he 
believed Thomas Sanford of Falmouth aforesaid Mariner, 
was the Person who presented the Pistol to his Breast, as 
mentioned in his Memorial. He was further asked whether 
he knew the Reason why the Justices of the Sessions then 
sitting refused to admit his Nephew William Savage to his 
Oath ; to which he answered that one of them said, the 
Deposition might possibly be sent to the Commissioners at 
Boston, and by them to England, the Consequence whereof, 
might be fatal to the Town, he added that Col° Powell and 
M' Bradbury, two of said Justices, said, that if M"" Savage 
was admitted to his Oath, M"" Benjamin Titcomb, ought like- 
wise to be admitted that they might appear together. 

Whereupon it was advised that his Majesty's Justices of 
the Superior Court, now sitting in Boston, be desired to 
attend the Governor and Council, of which they were made 
acquainted by the Secretary ; they attended accordingly 
when his Excellency informed them of the whole of this 
matter ; They expressed their to do all that was incumbent 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 149 

on them to bring the Rioters to Punishment, & desired the 
Complaint might be laid before them, which was advised to, 
and laid before them accordingly. 

Ordered that the further Consideration of tliis aft'air, be 
referred to the next sitting of the Council. 

A true Copy from the Council Minutes 

Att^ Jn° Cotton D. Seory 



To the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of His 

Majesty's Treasury 

The petition of the Proprietors of the Kennebeck Pur- 
chase lying in the County of Lincoln in the Province of 
Massachusets Bay. Humbly Sheweth, 

That your Petitioners are Proprietors of a large Tract of 
Land lying on each side of the Kennebeck River: their Title 
to which appears by the paper annexed N" 1, which they 
humbly submit to Your Lordships Consideration, together 
with a State of Facts relative to the said Tract, N° 2. 

That in the Patent & Deeds from which your petitioner's 
Title is derived, there is no Reserve of White pines suitable 
for Masts for the Royal Navy, nor any other Reservation 
whatever, except a certain part of the Ore of the Mines of 
Gold & silver which shall be had & obtained within the 
Premises, & which shall be for, or in lieu of all services & 
Demands whatsoever. 

That as they have the Property of the White pine Trees 
growing on the said Tract, so they are not disturbed in that 
property l)y any of the Acts of Parliament made for the 
preservation of white pines in America suitable for Masts 
for the Royal Navy. And this it is humbly apprehended 
will appear by the Extracts from tlie said Acts hereunto 
annexed, N° 3. 



150 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That knowing of what Importance it is, that there should 
be a supply of Masts for the Royal Navy, they have to the 
utmost of their power endeavoured to preserve the White 
pines growing on the said Tract and they have been influenced 
thereto by their own Interest also : it being much more bene- 
ficial to reserve such Trees for the use of the Navy, than for 
any other use whatever. 

That the Means necessary for procuring such Masts there, 
could not be had before the said Tract was in a considerable 
degree settled. 

That the settling it, besides the granting away many 
thousands of Acres of Land on no other Condition than of 
Settlement, has already occasioned to the said proprietors an 
Expence of above Eight Thousand pounds Sterling since 
1749 besides a large sum that has been expended by Individ- 
uals of them. 

That from this Expence & their great Exertions they have 
hitherto reaped no Benefit: and it will be many Years before 
they can expect any, unless the Mast Trees can be made to 
procure it for them. 

That the Benefit of those Trees they are deprived of by 
the Agents of the Mast Contractors, who under the pretence 
that they grow in the King's Woods take them away at 
pleasure. 

That the said Agents could not have procured those Trees 
without the means furnished them by the Petitioners by the 
Exertion & Expence abovementioned : And now it has 
become practicable by those means to procure Masts on the 
said Tract they are unjustly endeavouring to engross the 
Advantage of it to themselves. One of the said Agents, M'' 
Perry, lately had an Interview with one of your petitioners 
and was informed that your petitioners would allow his get- 
ting Masts provided a reasonable Compensation was made 
for them : and it was proposed to him that the Masts should 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 151 

be procured for liim at the same rate the late Contractor M*^ 
Heiiaker allowed for them, but he said they would turn out 
too dear to the present Contractor : whereupon he was told 
it was unreasonable to make an extra profit for the Con- 
tractor at the Expence & to the great Damage of Your 
Petitioners. 

That the persons employed by the said Agents having no 
Interest in the Soil & its Growth, are wholly regardless of 
the Damage they do to either : and through ignorance or to 
make Advantage by it cut down many Trees unfit for Masts 
for the Navy which they afterward convert into Lumber 
thereby making great Destruction of the Timber to the great 
Detriment of your Petitioners. 

That for the redress of these Grievances they have applied 
to Governor Wentworth Surveyor General of the Woods, 
but His Excellency has informed them his OiUce being only 
executive he could grant no redress ; & proposed ( in a man- 
ner that does Honor to his politeness) that the Matter 
should be settled by a Judgement of Court in a Suit to be 
brought for that purpose. 

That the entering into a Law Suit having the appearance 
of refusing the Masts for His Majesty's Services ( I would 
probably be so represented by the said Agents ) & being 
ready to accept a reasonable Compensation for them, Your 
Petitionei-s choose rather to lay their Case before your Lord- 
ships, humbly praying your Lordships to take the same into 
Consideiiition, & grant or procure them such relief as in your 
great Wisdom you should think fit. 

James Bowdoin James Pitts "] Committee 
Silv. Gardiner lieiij" Hallovell [>of the said 
William liowdoin j I'ropriotors. 

P.oston New Enoland 18"' December 1771 



152 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Thomas Scammell to Grov^ Hutchinson 

Portsmouth January 2"'^ 1772— 
Sir 

I take the liberty to inform your Excellency that I had 
the honour of receiving yours of the 21 instant, and that I 
am extremely sorry ( as you expected it ) that I did not wait 
on you; I will therefore, as near as I can, give you an 
account of my proceedings since I had the pleasure of seeing 
you. 

Immediately after, I set out for Portsmouth and at my 
arrival waited on his Excellency Governor Wentworth in 
consequence of my 6^^ and last Instruction, which enjoins 
me to obey such other Instructions as I shall from time to 
time receive from the Surveyor General. I soon found after 
I left Boston that the Summer was the most improper time 
for inspecting the Woods. The Surveyor General pointed 
out to me the impropriety of such an attempt ; that the Flies 
&c would be very troublesome, and that the Country people 
born on the skirts of the Woods durst scarce ever make such 
attempts. However that no reflexion might be cast on my 
Conduct, I took the liberty to inform him, if he thought 
proper, I would try whether they would have the same effect 
on me — this his Excellency willingly assented to, and pre- 
vailed on Colonel Bagley ( who is personally known to you 
Sir ) to accompany me. We accordingly set out for Kenne- 
bec and soon arrived at Doctor Gardiners at Cobbiseconta 
( from a Report I received that the Banks of that Stream 
abounded with good Oak Timber ) The Doctors Son made 
one of the party, we landed and found some Oak Tunber — 
had not long been on shore before I was too sensible of the 
Surveyor General's kind caution ; the flies had such an 
effect on me, that after my arrival at the Doctors, I found 
myself somewhat indisposed, and therefore was obliged to 
return. That no time might be lost, and from experience 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 163 

finding that tis much easier to prevent tlian remedy, I deter- 
mined to send the Colonel to the Eastward to remove any 
prejudices that the people might entertain from my appoint- 
ment. He set out accordingly and 1 have the pleasure to 
inform your Excellency that it fully answered our expecta- 
tion. The people in general were prepossessed with very 
strange notions one of which was that I was coming down 
with an arra'd force to dispossess them, and burn their Mills. 
As soon as the nature of my Commission was explaind to 
them their prejudices vanished and they wished to see me. 
Immediately after the Colonel's return I hired a Vessel and 
engaged him to go with me; Before we sailed I received 
from the Surveyor General Instructions to confine myself, in 
this Expedition, to the Sea Coast and Rivers ; This appeared 
to me to be a well concerted scheme tending much to prove 
his great knowledge in whatever is necessary for the preser- 
vation of his Majesty's Woods. We sailed for Goulds- 
borough, arrived and went on shore but could not make any 
important discovery. We sailed from thence for Eastern 
River, Blue hill Bay and Penobscot; At the latter place, 
the commanding officer ( CoP Goldthwait being at Boston ) 
afforded us every assistance in his power. We sailed up the 
River and anchor'd off the mouth of Condeskeeg Stream. 
Captain Fletcher accompanied us and informed me that the 
Indians was very desirous of seeing me — we saw one and 
had a conference. I desired the Captain to acquaint him 
that I should have occasion frequently to employ them as 
guides in exploring the Country. That his Majesty required 
all the large Trees for Masts &c for the Royal Navy and 
nothing would recommend tliem more to liis Majesty's notice 
and protection than their affording me every assistance & 
information in their power ; went on shore and walked some 
miles about the Woods, 'i'he best Pines, tlio' not extraordi- 
nary, we found near this stream. I fully intended paying 
the Indians a visit iiiid pidpiircd accordingly, but was pre- 



154 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

vented by the heavy rains which fell the day before. We 
sailed and Anchor'd in Kennebec River and observed with 
the greatest circumspection the appearance of the Woods, 
and are of opinion that very few pines near the Sea shore, 
are fit for Masts &c «&c for the Royal Navy. I cannot pre- 
tend to assert at what distance from the Sea they are good, 
this must be left to a future inspection. I shall consult the 
Surveyor General respecting my report, and your Excellency 
may depend on having an exact Copy. In my report I shall 
be careful not to mention anything but what myself or 
Deputy have seen, little dependance is to be placed on the 
peoples account of the state of the Country. The internal 
part now claims my attention ; I have therefore ordered a 
party for that purpose, from whose diligence and activity I 
form the greatest expectations. As my District has an 
extensive Sea Coast, and a very great part not inhabited, I 
therefore wrote to their Lordships for a Vessel of thirty 
Tons and a flat bottom Boat, and am in daily expectation of 
their Lordships Order : In which I took the liberty to 
inform them of your Excellency to the following effect, " As 
" part of my District is the Eastern part of Mass* Bay I 
" therefore conceived it consistent with my duty to wait on 
" his Excellency Governor Hutchinson to apprize him of my 
" arrival and to procure the best information of the state 
" and limits of the unclaimed Lands ; His Excelly received 
" me with the greatest civility, enjoyned the Civil and Mili- 
" tary power to be aiding and assisting — that I might 
" depend on his protection and consult him in all matters 
"relating to my office within his Government." 

I entreat your Excellency's pardon for the liberty I have 
taken and assure you that I shall on every occasion be 
happy in convincing you how much I am with the greatest 
respect Your Excellency's much obliged and obedient 
humble Servant — 
Copy Tho* Scammell 



OF THE STATE OF INIAINE 155 

Gov^ Hutchinson to the Earl of Hilhhorough 

Boston 3 January 1772 
My Lord 

The Proprietors of what is called the Plimouth Patent, 
being a Tract on each side the River Kennebec, have applied 
to me to transmit to the Lords of the Treasury a Petition 
and Proposal relative to the Masts within the Patent. I 
acc{uainted them that it was most regular for me to transmit 
it to your Lordship and to submit to you the presenting it, 
that I should say nothing concerning their Title — which is 
a Subject of Controversy in the Courts of Law here and 
which was revived about the year 1750. I am bound to 
observe to your Lordship that the whole of the Western side 
of Kennebec River is included in the Patent to Sir Ferdi- 
nand© Gorges and although this Patent was dated after that 
under which the Kennebec Proprietors claim from the Coun- 
cil of Plimouth yet it is founded upon a patent or patents 
from the same Council of a prior date to that of the Kenne- 
beck Proprietors. 

The history of the Country East of Kennebec your Lord- 
ship is well acquainted with. This Tract as well as the 
Country East of it, settles with great rapidity and one of the 
Proprietors acquaints me that 150 new families are going out 
upon it the next Spring. 

M'' Scammell is returned from his survey of the Eastern 
Country and liad what assistance he desired from Fort Pow- 
nall. lie is now at Portsmouth in New Hampshire. 1 have 
wrote to him to remind him of making some return to your 
Lordship Vjut have received no Answer. 

In consequence of a Warrant from the Chief Justice two 
of the persons concerned in the Assault upon tlu; Comp- 
troller at Fuhiioulli have been appreliended & by a Justice 
of Peace there recognized in a sulhcicnit Sum vvitli Sureties 
for their appearance to answer at the next Assizes and upon 



156 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

information brought to me of the names of five or six others 
concerned I have directed the same Justice to proceed with 
them in Hke manner and I hope they will all be brought to 
exemplary punishment. 

Being still without Letters from your Lordship I have 
thought it for his Majesty's Service further to prorogue the 
General Court to the IQ'** of February 

1 am with very great respect My Lord Your Lordship's 
most humble & most obed* Servant 

Tho' Hutchinson 



Letter, Dr. Franklin to Hon. Tho^ Cushing ^ Committee 

London Jan^ 13, 1772 
Gentlemen, 

On my Return from a late Tour thro Ireland and Scotland 
for the Establishment of my Health, I found your respected 
Letter of June 25, with the Papers therein referred to relat- 
ing to the Townships settled eastward of Penobscot River. 

I immediately waited on M"" Agent Bollan, to consult with 
him Agreable to your Instructions ; who inform'd me, that 
in my Absence he had by himself thoroughly considered the 
same, having formerly had Occasion to be well-acquainted 
with the whole Affair ; and had suggested to his Constitu- 
ents the Council a Plan of Accommodation, to be propos'd 
to Government here if they should approve of it, and that 
he hoped by the Meeting of Parliament ( before which little 
Publick Business is done here, so many of the Lords of the 
Council being out of Town ) he might have their Answer ; 
and it would otherwise be to little Purpose to attempt any 
thing sooner. I make no doubt but the Proposal has been 
communicated to the House of Representatives if they have 
since had a Meeting, and that we may soon receive their 
farther Instructions thereupon. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 167 

The Town now begins to fill, the Members of Parliament 
& great Officers of State coming in daily to celebrate the 
Queen's Birthday, & be present at the Opening of the Ses- 
sion, which is fixed for next Tuesday. It is given out that 
nothing relating to America is likely to be agitated this Ses- 
sion ; 1. e. there is no Purpose either to abrogate the old 
Duties or lay new ones. For the first I am sorry, believing 
as I do that no Harmony can be restored between the two 
Countries while those Duties are continu'd. 

This with the other Aggrievances mentioned in your Let- 
ters of June 29 & July 13, your Agents will constantly 
attend to, and take every Step possible in their present Situ- 
ation (unacknowledgil as they are here ) to obtain the 
Redress that is so justly your Due, and which it would be 
so prudent in Government here to grant. 

In yours of July 9, it is mentioned that the House desire 
I would annually send an Account of the Expence I am at 
in carrying on the Affaiis of the Province. — Having Busi- 
ness to do for several Colonies almost every time I go to the 
Publick Offices and to the Ministers, I have found it 
troublesome to keep an Account of small Expenses, such as 
Coach & Chair Hire, Stationary, &c. and difficult to divide 
them justly. Therefore I have some time since omitted 
keeping any Account or making any Charge of them, but 
content myself with sucli Salaries, Grants or Allowances as 
have been made me. Where considerable Sums have been 
disl)urs'd, as in Fees to Council, Payment of Sollicitors Bills, 
& the like, those I charge : But as yet I have made no such 
Disbursements on the Account of your Province. 

Please to present my Duty to the House of Representa- 
tives, and believe me to be with great Esteem & Respect 
Gentlemen, Your most obedient hum' Serv' 

P> Franklin 



158 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Gov'^ HutcJiinson to the Earl of Hillsborough 

N° 21 Boston 31«* Jaii^ 1Y72 

My Lord 

It is my duty to acquaint your Lordship with every 
material occurrence relative to the Country East of Kene- 
beck. 

I have been informed, within a few days past, that a per- 
son has taken possession of a small Island a few leagues 
from Fort Pownall and not claimed by private persons where 
he found great quantities of Limestone and soon after sold 
one half of the Island, the whole not exceeding 17 acres, for 
One hundred and fifty pounds sterling and the partners have 
burnt the last year four or five hundred hogsheads of Lime 
for a Market. The people have at all times been capricious 
in the choice of new settlements ; the present caprice is to 
this part of the Country, and I expect a very great increase 
of Inhabitants there in the course of the next summer unless 
I am enabled to check it by some other aid than that of the 
General Court. 

Except in this town, there is now a general appearance of 
contentment throughout the Province and, even here, the 
persons who have made the most disturbance are become of 
less importance. A Gentleman who has assisted them much 
by his money and by the reputation which his fortune gives 
him among the people seems weary of them and I have rea- 
son to think is determined to leave them. The plain dispas- 
sionate pieces hi favour of Government which are now 
published with freedom in our News papers and dispersed 
through the Province have done great Service 

I have the honour to be most respectfully 

My Lord Your Lordship's most humble 

& most obedient Servant 

Tho' Hutchinson 



OF THE MAINE OF STATE 159 

Petition of James Chase ^ others 1772. 

Province of the Massachusett Bay To his Excellency 
Thomas Hutchinson Esq"^ Captain General and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over his Majesties Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay To the Honorable his Majesties 
Council And House of Representatives in General Court 
convened in May 1771 — 

The Memorial of the Subscribers hereto, Inhabitants of or 
Proprietors of Lands in a Plantation in the County of York 
on the East side of Saco River called Narracfanset N° One — 
Humbly Shewetli — 

That the Bounds of said Plantation are as follows, viz. 
South Easterly at the Heads of Biddcford & Scarborough, 
South Westerly by Saco River, North Westerly by Pearson 
Town ( so called ) and North Easterly by Gorham. 

That there is settled within the bounds of said Plantation 
upwards of Sixty Familys that a Meeting House is there 
built, and that for a Number of years past they have had a 
Minister of the Gospel regularly settled there — That tlie 
said Plantation was never Incorporated and that the Inhabi- 
tants by Reason thereof lay under Great Difficulties and 
Discouragements which would be removed if the said Plan- 
tation was Erected into a Townsliip — and the luliabilaiits 
had the Benefit & Priviledges of Town order — 

Wherefore The Memorialists pray your Excellency and 
Honours by an Act of the Great & General Assembly to 
Erect the said Plantiitioii into a 'I'own ac(;ording to the 
l)(>uii(ls (fc limits afoi'cs'' And to (iraiit to the Inhabitants 
thereof all tlie Powers, Priviledges, and Iimnunities that the 
respective 'J'owns in this Province Do by Law Exercise ^ 
I'jijo}' — or otherwise Releive Your Memorialists as in your 
(Jicat VVisdniii }oiir Excellency & Honours sliiill think lit — 
And your Mcmoiialists as in Duly bound shall ever pray — 
James Pike Amos Chase .hjs(!ph Adams 



160 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

Joshua Wyman Rich'^ Greenleaf Tristram Gordon 

Joseph Woodbrige John Lane James Jewett 

Robert McDonald Sam" Greenleaf Josiah Groffaim 
Ambrose Berey Simeon Fitts Cutting Bartlet 

Martha Milliken wid Abraham Somerby Richard Elvins 
Cutting Moodey Snell Wingate Samuel Noyes 

Philip Fowler John Thurston Henry Adams 

Benjamin Thurston Tomas Berry Benjamin Elwell 
Ebenezer Greenleaf Cornelius Fellows Nathaniel Low 
Gustavus fellows Nathanel fellows William Cuningham 
Samuel Fellows 

In the House of Representatives 
April IV^ 1772 — 
Ordered that the within named Petitioners notifie the 
Inhabitants & Proprietors of the Plantation mentioned in 
said Petition by Posting up On the meeting House in said 
Plantation a Copy of this Petition with this Order thereon 
twenty days before the third Wednesday of the General 
Court that they shew cause if any they have why the prayer 
thereof should not be granted, and that the proprietors make 
no further Grants or Assessments 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk'' pro Temp^ 

In Council. April 13. 1772 Read & Concurr'd 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

In Council June 6^^ 1772 — Read again, & revived & 
ordered that the within named Petitioners, notifie the Inhab- 
itants, or Proprietors, of the Plantation ment'^ in said Peti- 
tion, by posting up on the Meeting House in said Plantation, 
a Copy of this Petition, with this Order thereon, twenty 
days before the second Wednesday of the next sitting of the 
General Court, that they may shew cause if any they have, 
on the said second Wednesday, why the Prayer thereof 



OF THE STATE OF HIAINE 161 

should not be granted, & that the proprietors in the mean 
time, make no further Grants, or Assessments 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Jn° Cotton D. Seciy 



Confirmation, to Capt. Joshua Fuller 1772 

In the House of Representatives April 22 1772 
Resolved that the Plan of the Township hereunto 
Annexed, Containing the Contents of Six Miles and One 
Quarter Square ( Exclusive of the Allowance of One thou- 
sand nine hundred Acres for the River & Ponds in said 
Township, and Eight hundred & forty Acres for Swag of 
Chain, being one thirtieth part thereof) bounded as foUow- 
eth, beginning at a heap of Stones at the South west Corner, 
running North 73 Deg* East fifty one Chains and thirty 
to little Amarascoggin River, thence by said, One hundred 
and fourteen Chains to a White Pine Tree on the Easterl}^ 
Side of said River, thence North 43 Deg* East, three hun- 
dred and forty Chains to a Spruce Tree on Sylvester Canada 
line, thence North 4 Deg* West five hundred & forty two 
Chains to Stake and Stones, thence South 68 Deg 30 
minutes West five hundred twenty seven Chains thence 
South 14 Deg* East Six hundred Eighty Eight Chains to 
the heap of Stones first mentioned Granted in June A.D. 
1771 to Cap^ Joshua Fuller and others mentioned in their 
petition be Accepted and hereby is Confirmed to the said 
petitioners their heirs and Assigns forever they Complying 
with tlio follcjwing Conditions, Vi// tlie Grantees within 
Seven years Settle Sixty families in said Township, build a 
house for the Public Worship of God and Settle a learned 
Protestant Minister, and lay out one Sixty fourth part for 
the first Settled Minister, one Sixty forth part for the use of 

11 



162 DCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Ministry, one Sixty fourth part for the use of a School, 
and one Sixty fourth part for the use of Harvard College 
forever, Provided it doth not exceed the Quantity afore- 
mentioned nor interfere with any former grant — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

T Cushing Spk^ 

In Council April 22. 1772 Read & Concurred 

The" Flucker Sec^ 

Consented to T Hutchinson 



Confirmation to David Phips and others, 1772. 

In the House of Representatives April 22*^ 1772 
Resolved that the Plan of the Township hereunto 
Annexed, containing the Contents of Six Miles and Three 
Quarters Square ( Exclusive of the Allowance of One Thou- 
sand Acres for Swag of Chain and Two Thousand Acres for 
Ponds & Rivers) Bounded as Followeth Beginning at a 
Pine Tree on the Westerly side of Amarascoggin River, 
Thence across said River on The Head Line of a Township 
Granted to Samuel Livermore and others Due East Two 
Hundred and Thirty Two Chains Twenty Five Links to a 
Stake and Stones, thence North on Province Land Five 
Hundred and Twelve Chains to a a heap of Stones, thence 
West on Province Land Three Hundred and Eighty Eight 
Chains to a heap of Stones, thence South Forty Three Deg* 
West Five Hundred and Thirty two Chains on Province 
Land to a Pine Tree, thence south Nineteen Deg* East on 
Province Land Two Hundred and Sixty Chains to a stake 
and stones, thence on Province Land in part, and in part on 
the Township aforementioned to the Pine Tree first men- 
tioned Granted in June A. D. 1771 to David Phips Esq' 
and others mentioned in their Petition, be Accepted and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 163 

hereby is confirmed to the said Petitioners their Heirs and 
Assigns forever, they Complymg with the Following Condi- 
tions, Viz* The Grantees within seven years Settle Eighty 
Families in said Township, build a house for the Publick 
Worship of God, and Settle a Learned Protestant Minister, 
and Lay out one Eighty Fourth Part for the First settled 
Minister, one Eighty Fourth Part for the use of the Minis- 
try, one Eighty Fourth Part for the use of a School, and 
one Eighty Fourth Part for the use of Harvard College 
forever. Provided it doth not exceed the Quantity afore- 
mentioned nor Interfere with any Former Grant. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

T Cushmg Spk' 

In Council April 22*^ 1772 Read & Concurred 

Tho' Flucker Sec^ 
Consented to 

T Hutchinson 



Resolve^ confirming Plan of Tounnhip to S. Livermore ^ 
others. 1772. 

In the House of Representatives April 22'^ 1772 
Resolved that the Plan of the Township hereunto 
Annexed containing The Contents of Six Miles and Three 
Quarters Square ( Exclusive of the Allowance of one Thou- 
sand Acres for swag of Chain being one 30''^ part Three 
Thousands and Forty Two Acres for Ponds and Rivers ) 
P>ounded as Followeth Viz' Beginning at a heap of Stones 
on the Westerly Side Araarascoggin River at the North 
Easterly Corner of a Township called Sylvester Canada, 
Thence North Sixty Four Deg" West one Thousand and 
Forty One Poles to tlie Corner, thence North Two Thousand 
one Hundred Ninety and Four Poles to the Corner, Thence 



164 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

North Sixty Five Deg" East One Thousand One Hundred 
and Four Poles to Amarascoggin River, Thence East Seven 
Hundreds and Seventy Nine Poles, across the aforesaid 
River to the Corner Thence south Three Thousands one 
Hundred and sixty Eight Poles to a Pile of Stones to the 
Corner, thence Eight Hundreds and Eighty Two Poles to 
the Corner First Mentioned. Granted in June A D 1771 to 
Samuel Livermore Esq"^ and his Associates, mentioned in 
their Petition be Accepted and hereby is confirmed to the 
said Petitioners Their Heirs and Assigns Forever, They 
Complymg with the Following Conditions Viz* The Gran- 
tees within seven Years settle Sixty Families, in said Town- 
ship, Build a House for the Publick Worship of God, and 
settle a Learned Protestant Minister, and Lay out one Sixty 
Fourth Part for the First settled Minister, one Sixty Fourth 
Part for the Use of the Ministry, one Sixty Fourth Part for 
the Use of a School, one Sixty Fourth Part for the Use of 
Harvard College Forever Provided it doth not exceed the 
Quantity aforementioned nor Interfere with any former 
Grant — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

T Gushing Spk'^ 

In Council April 22*^ 1772. Read and Concurred 

Tho« Flucker Sec^ 
Consented To 

T Hutchinson 



Resolve Co7ifirming Grrant to Hon. James Otis ^ others. 1772. 

In the House of Representatives April 23 1772. 

Resolved that the Plan of the Township hereunto 
Annexed Containing the Contents of Seven miles Square, 
(Exclusive of the Allowance of One thousand & Eighty 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 165 

Acres for Swag of Chain being one thirtieth part, also an 
Allowance of three thousand & Sixty Acres, for Ponds in 
said Township) bounded as followeth beginning at the 
Northwest Corner of Raymond's Town, and the line running 
Northeast partly on Raymond's Town & partly on Province 
land, two thousand nine hundred & thirteen rods to a Cor- 
ner, thence running North 25 Deg^ West, two thousand five 
hundred & twenty rods to a Corner, thence South 65 Deg* 
West One hundred & Ninety five rods, thence North 25 
Deg. west five hundred & forty rods thence South 65 Deg* 
West One thousand two hundred & Ninty Six rods to 
Bridge's Town line, thence South 25 Degrees East, three 
thousand One hundred & Sixty nine rods, thence South 65 
Deg. West One thousand four hundred & Eighty rods, 
thence South 40 Deg* East nine hundred & thirty rods to 
the bound mark first mentioned. Granted in June A. D. 
1771 to the Hon' James Otis Esq"^ and M' Nathaniel Gor- 
ham in behalf of themselves & others mentioned in their 
Petition, be Accepted and hereby is Confirmed to them their 
heirs and assigns for ever, in lieu of and in full Satisfaction 
for the loss of lands mentioned in their petition, by running 
the line between this Province & the Province of New 
Hampshire ; they Complying with the following Conditions 
Viz the Grantees within Six years Settle thirty Families in 
the said Town, build a meeting house and Settle a learned 
Protestant Minister and lay out one Sixty fourth part of 
said Township for the first Settled Minister, one Sixty 
fourth part for the use of the Ministry, and one Sixty fourth 
part for a Gi-anmiar School, and one other Sixty fourth 
part lor tli(3 use; of Ilai-Viird (Jollege forciver provided it doth 
not exceed tin; Quantity aforementioned nor iiitinfcro with 
any former (iiant. 

Sent up for (Joncurrence 

T Gushing Spk"^ 



166 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Council Ap^ 23'* 1772 — Read & Concurr** 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

Consented to 

T Hutchinson 



Petition of the Inhabitants of Boothhay. 

To His Most Excellent Majesty, George the third, by the 

Grace of God, of Great Britain, France and Ireland King, 

Defender of the Faith &c. &c. 

The Petition of the Subscribers, inhabitants of Boothbay 
in the County of Lincoln and Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay, Most Humbly sheweth, 

That many of us the Subscribers and the Ancestors of 
others of us, in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven 
hundred and thirty one, were settled on the lands in said 
Boothbay ( then called Townsend ) by Colonel Dunbar, who 
acted by Commission from the King, whose encouragmg pro- 
posals, published in his Majesty's name, induced us to leave 
our habitations in the Western parts, and venture into this 
then howling wilderness, on what we thought the Royal 
word. 

That, the said Dunbar settled us as tenants holding said 
lands immediately under the Crown, promising in his Maj- 
esty's name, upon demand, to give us deeds, under the King's 
Seal, of any quantity of Land, less than a thousand acres 
each, as might be desired by each settler, (next adjoining to 
the two acres he then laid out for each, in fee simple for ever. 

That, having thus, as we thought, the promise of our Kmg, 
we proceeded to build us little hutts and to clear and culti- 
vate, as we were able, an inhospitable desert, in the midst of 
Savage beasts, and yet more savage men : and altho' the said 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 167 

Dunbar's power, was, some years thereafter, superceded, yet 
judging that all his publick Acts of office must necessarily 
have had the Sanction of the Crown as long as his said Com- 
mission was not revoked ; and nothing doubting but his Maj- 
esty's Royal justice would ever defend, to his dutiful Subjects, 
the rights and possessions which his Royal Authority had 
conferred, we still continued in possession of said lands : tlio 
always oppressed with every kind of hardsliip horrible to 
humanity on earth; at the distance of near two hundred 
miles from any market; without any of the conveniences of 
trade or navigation ; often without any other sustenanc than 
a little Shell-fish called Clams, which, dug out of the mud at 
low water, was our only food, and water from the brooks our 
only drink for many weeks together ; without any convenient 
houses, and often without any convenient clothing to defend 
ourselves and families from the inclemency of our severe 
winters; kept in continual alarms by the savage enemy, who 
ranged the wilderness all around, and who, in the year 1745, 
broke forth in such numbers, and carried on their murders, 
burnings, and depredations with such violence, as totally 
routed our whole settlement, and forced us to seek shelter 
for ourselves and families at near two hundred miles dis- 
tance ; where all our little substance was soon spent in the 
maintenance of our families so far from home. 

That, four years after, when the rigor of the war was 
abated, we again ventured back and resumed our old posses- 
sions, tho' in circumstances rendered still more distressing 
by the losses and damages sustained by our so long banish- 
ment; whist the murders frequently committed on our neigli- 
bours kept us in continual tenors; ever under arms; and, 
on eveiy new alarm, oblig(;d to pen up our families in a little 
Garrison of our own buihling and our own defending, no 
assistance having ever been given us by the Government, 
either for sustenance or protection ; tho' numbers of our men 



168 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

were called into the Piovincial Army, and sent to the defence 
of other places ; whist scalping or captivity was frequently 
the fate of some, and ever the expectation of us all. 

That, matters continuing thus with us 'till the late peace 
with France, our settlement was then in most forlorn circum- 
stances ; but that happy event encouraged us to resume the 
cultivation of our lands, and soon changed the face of our 
affairs ; for, tho' utterly neglected and disowned till then, no 
sooner was the peace of these parts secured by the cession of 
Canada, than we began to be harrassed with enemies of a 
new sort, swarms of persons pretending themselves proprie- 
tors of our lands, infested us from divers parts of the Coun- 
try, demanding the possession of said lands and threatning 
us with prosecutions and utter ruin if we refused. 

That, said Proprietors ( so called ) were opposite to one 
another as well as adverse to us, claiming by pretended 
Indian deeds, ancient occupations, and other pretences never 
before heard of, none of which deeds have ever been approved 
by the General Court, nor any of the said claims justified by 
a course of law : 

That, tho' our lands are naturally poor, much broken with 
rocks, and fitted chiefly for grass, and hence, to this day, 
scarce any of us can raise the necessary provisions for more 
than a few months in the year, yet as we know not where to 
seek a place of residence for ourselves or families, on this 
side the grave, if we should be driven from these our Ancient 
possessions, therefore the said Proprietors, by threats pre- 
vailed on some, and by promises cajoled others of us so far 
that several have bought their lands three times over, from 
three opposite setts of competing claimers ; none of whom 
have ever done anything to defend us from the others, and 
all of them still leave us open to the cliallenges of we know 
not how many more ; by one or other of whom we are daily 
threatned and disturbed. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 109 

That, your Petitioners have applied to the General Court 
to be quieted in our possessions, but hitherto without effect; 
and it being now publickly rumored that various persons, 
around your Majesty's throne, are applying for grants of the 
Eastern lands in this Province, with design of reducing the 
Settlers to rack rents on leases of years, or turning them off 
entirely, we are thereby put into great fears lest, our true 
case being unknown to your Majesty, the said lands should 
be granted to some others, and so your Petitioners be reduced 
to utter ruin. 

That, notwithstanding all our distresses, by the blessing of 
God, we are still preserved, and our numbers encreased ; in 
the year 1764 we were incorporated into a Town, by the name 
of Boothbay ; in the year 1766 at our own sole charge, we 
erected and finished a convenient Church, settled a Gospel 
Minister, and still endeavour to support the cause of Chris- 
tianity amongst us ; and to contribute, from time to time, as 
rec|uired, our full proportion towards defraying the Expences 
of Government, tho' we still live very poor, many of us, some 
part of every year, being almost quite destitute of the neces- 
sarys of life, and few, if any, having any other subsistance 
for ourselves or families than by cutting down fire-wood and 
carrying it to Boston. 

That, your Petiti<mers beg leave to assure your Majesty, 
that the above is a relation of facts strictly agreeable to 
tiiith, and tlial, witliont any exaggeration, much more might 
be added, as by the depositions accompanying this Petition 
may more fully appear ; and we hope it may not be deemed 
unseemly arrogance to add, that we arc as truly loyal, duti- 
ful, an<l affectionate Subjects, as any others in your Majesty's 
Dominions, that we have never taken part in any of the sedi- 
tious proceedings, for which many in the Provinces liave 
rendered themselves justly obnoxious to your Iloyal dis- 
pleasure, having never had a representative in the General 



170 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Court, and having positively refused to send one to the con- 
vention of deputy's that met in Boston whilst the Court was 
under sentence of disolution; and having ever signified, in 
our little sphere, our abhorrence of all steps, by whomsoever 
taken, in opposition to lawful Authority. 

Therefore, as loyal and affectionate Subjects to the best of 
Kings, who have ( many of us ) for more than forty years, 
without aid from any but Almighty God, possessed and 
defended a remote part of your Majesty's Dominions, which 
we first entered and have ever since held in dependence on 
what we thought the promise of your Majesty's Royal Grand- 
father by his representative, and which promise we still 
esteem equal to any Sealed Charter ; as Protestants, decended 
from Ancestors many of whose lives and fortunes have been 
sacrificed in the cause of religion and the Royal House of 
Hanover, and who are still prompt to prove themselves not 
unworthy to be called their Sons, by standing ever ready to 
devote our lives to the defence of your Majesty's Royal per- 
son, family, and Government ; Permit us Great Sire, to cast 
ourselves, our Wives and helpless little ones, at your Maj- 
esty's royal feet, humbly to implore a share in that Princely 
tenderness, that so strongly bespeaks a father's heart to all 
that have the honour to meet the notice of your Royal mind ; 
and earnestly to beseech your Majesty to take our case into 
your most gracious Consideration, and to grant to us, our 
heirs and Assigns a Quietus in our several possessions, in 
said Boothbay, in such way and manner as, to your Majesty, 
in your royal wisdom and goodness, may seem meet; And 
your Petitioners, and their Posterity, to the latest generation, 
in gratitude for a favour, to which We and they must be 
indebted for their very beings in the world. 

As in duty bound, shall ever pray 
Robert Murray Sam^ Adams Daniel Knights 

Soloman Burnum Samuel Brier Joseph Perkins 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



171 



Thomas Kennay Sam^ Ketley 

Giles Tebbets Samuel Kenney 

abigh Kenney Ebenez"^ Hanasdon 

Joseph Hervendon Henry Kenney 

James Dey John Leishman 

Sam^ Barter Tert^ Israel Davis 

John Dawse Sam^ Alley 

Joshua Alley And'^ M'^Farland 

And^ M'^Farland Jun'' John Lerote Jun'' Ephraim M"farland 

John fullerton John Murray """^farland Joseph Craven 

David Reed Ebenezer Fulerton Joseph Reed 



Thomas Kenney 
Eleaz"" Sheerman 
John Kenney 
James Tebbets 
Moses Dey 
Nich' Barter 
Joseph Cunhill 
Joseph Floyd 



James Fullerton John Holton 
Samuel M'^Cobb James M'^Cobb 
Andrew Reed Jun'' John Barter 
John Tebbets Tho* Kelley 
Andrew Reed 3*^ Aaron Kelley 
Samuel M. Cobb Jun'" John Reed 
William Wiley William Kennedy 
William M^Cobb John Wiley 
Robert Wiley Sam' Barter 
Benj* Barter Thomas Kennedy 

James Kennedy Nath^ Tebbets J'' 
James Auld Jacob Booker 

Paul Wombly Samwill Harris 
John Murray J"° Murray 

John Alley John M"Cobb 

William Fullerton Edw*^ Emerson 
William Reed Jonathan Daws 
Samuel Cortew Jun' Joseph Barter 
]*atri(,k M^Kown William Lewis 
William Moon Nath' Lampson 
Nathanael Tebbets Charls Davis 
Bicoiiiian Rent Josepli Faruam 
Solomon pinkliam Daniel Heriss 



Neil Wylie 
George Lewis 
Benj. Kelley 
Samuel Wylie 
Samuel Montgomery 
Ichabod Tebbets 
Alex Wiley 
John Call 
Robert Wiley Jun' 
Jn° Alley Jun' 
John Booker Jun 
John Ingraham 
Jn" Dresser Davis 
David Decker 
John Beath 
John Lerote 
John Matthews 
Patrick Kiiicaid 
Jeremiah Beath 
Israel Davis 
JoHoph Giles 
Nehemiah Hervenden 



172 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter, Benj'^ Foster ^ others to Rev. James Lyon 

Mechias June G''^ 1772 
Reverend Sir 

It having pleased God in his Holy Providence to bring 
you to this place, and by you to afford us an opportunity of 
hearing his Word preached in a manner we apprehend agree- 
able to the Purity Simplicity and Evangelical Nature of the 
Gospel of our Lord and Savior, wherefore, imploring the 
most humbling sense of our unworthiness and the Divine 
Goodness in thus regarding our destitute condition by direct- 
ing you to this Place, and beseeching his continual Blessing, 
we a Committee Chosen and appointed by the Proprietors 
and Inhabitants of Mechias in legal Meeting assembled, do 
in their behalf and Stead tender you our grateful acknowl- 
edgements for your faithful Labors hitherto among us, and 
intreat you to accept of this our invitation and Call to Settle 
with and become our Pastor and Teacher, and knowing it to 
be our duty as far as God shall be pleased to enable us to 
provide for the decent and honorable support of the Gospel, 
That we may make your Ministerial Labors among us as 
easy, and your Life as agreeable as our poor Circumstances 
will allow, we do on your acceptance to Settle with, and 
become our Pastor & Teacher, during your Natural Life, or 
your abilities to perform the duties of a Minister of the Gos- 
pel, as the will of the Lord and the Necessities of this Peo- 
ple may require, agree to give or grant you Eighty Six 
pounds Lawful Money of the Massachusetts Yearly for your 
Support, which sum we hereby agree to pay you in the Com- 
mon pay of this place, now Merchantable Pine Lumber at 
the annual market price among us, and we engage you shall 
or may recieve the same between the first day of May and 
the first day of October yearly, & we do further vote and 
agree to give you Eighty pounds Lawful Money, one half to 
be paid you this year in the Specie & time above mentioned 



OF THE MAINE OF STATE 173 

the other half the year ensueing in like manner to enable 
you to Build or provide yourself a dwelling Plouse or Settle- 
ment; earnestly commending ourselves & ours to your Pas- 
toral Care we are — Reverend Sir, 

Your faithful friends & Servants, 

Benj*^ Foster 
Samuel Scott 
Stephen Parker 



Petition of Benjamin Foster and others. 

To his Excellency the Governor, the Honorable his Maj- 
estys Council and the Honorable the Representatives of the 
Massachusets Province 

May it please your Excellency »& Honors 

Emboldned by a Sense of our Duty, the Indispensible 
obligations we are under to Settle a Minister of the Gospel 
among us and provide for his Comfortable Support, that 
temporal Cares may not perplex and divide his Time ; and 
encouraged by the Merciful dispensation of Divine Provi- 
dence in bringing a Gentleman of a truely Christian Charac- 
ter to this place, in a manner to us altogether unexpected ; 
we your Excellency's & Honors humble Petitioners behig a 
Committee chosen by the Proprietors & Inhabitants of 
Mechias, to agree with and devise means for the support of 
said Gentleman viz* the Reverend M"^ James Lyon — Assess 
the Inhabitants for said purpose and make provission for his 
regular Settlement as our Pastor, and knowing tlie deficiency 
from authority to Assess or lay any Tax for the support of 
the Gospel and oblige the Assessed, however reasonable & 
Just, to pay tlie same. Pray that your Excellency & Honors 
in great goodness from your distinguishing regard to our 
Holy Religion, agreeable to the Vote of this place, passed for 



174 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

said purpose, and the Call to said Reverend Gentleman 
founded on that Vote, Copy's of which we beg leave to lay 
before your Excellency & Honors, would be pleased to 
enable or authorize us Your humble Petitioners and future 
Committee's to Assess, Levy & Collect such Rates or Taxes 
from the Inhabitants for the above Purpose as shall be neces- 
sary proportionate & Just, and as in duty bound shall ever 
pray. 

Benj* Foster 
Samuel Scott 
Stephen Jones 
Stephen Parker 
Mechias June 8'^ 1112 

In the House of Representatives June 26, 1772. 
Read & Ordered that Cap. Herrick M' Chadwick & Cap. 
Searl with such as the Hon^ Board shall joyn be a Committee 
to take this Petition into consideration & report. 
Sent up for Concurrence. 

T. Cushing Spk' 

In Council June 26'^' 1772 Read & Concurred and W" 

Brattle & Thomas Hubbard Esq" are joined 

Jn** Cotton D. Secry 

The Committee have attended the within service assigned 
beg leave to report the Bill accompanyin the same 

W Brattle by order 



Answer of Rev. James Lyon 

To the Committee of the Church & Congregation of Mechias 
Gentlemen 

Having duely I trust considered your destitute circum- 
stances in this Place and your kind and unanimous invitation 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 175 

to me to settle with you in the important work of the Minis- 
try, it appears to be my duty as far as I can judge to comply 
with your request. And I do hereby declare my acceptation 
of your Call in the fullest manner I am capable & do chear- 
fully tho' with fear & trembling take upon me the pastoral 
charge and care of your Society during my natural life or 
while God, in his Holy Providence shall enable me to per- 
form the duties incumbent on a Minister of the Gospel, Pro- 
vided the General Court of this Province shall see fit to 
empower you and your Successors in Office to collect what 
you here voted for my Support, If otherways I shall think 
myself free from the above obligation. 

Ja* Lyon 
Mechias June 8"^ 1772 



Memorial of J. Wyman ^ others 1772 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay To his Excellency 
Thomas Hutchinson Esq'' Governor The Honourable his 
Majesties Council and House of Representatives of said 
Province in Gen' Court Assembled June 1772 
The Memorial of Joshua Wyman and others Inhabitants 
or Proprietors of a Plantation in the County of York in said 
Province Called Narraganset N** One Bounded on Scar- 
borough and liiddeford South Easterly on Saco River South 
Westerly on Pearson 'J\jwn ( So called ) North Westerly 
And on Gorham North Easteily — Humbly Sheweth — 'I'liat 
the said Joshua with Amos Chase and above thirty ouc other 
pei'sons of ,s'' Iiiliiibitaiits or pioprictors in May 1771 Miidt; 
their petition oi- Mcmoiial to the Gov'' Council and Rcpici- 
sentatives of said Province — Praying that for the bcnclit of 
said Inhabitants And said Proprietors, his Excellency And 



176 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

their Honors would by An Act of the General Court Incor- 
porate said Plantation According to the bounds and Limits 
thereof as a Town with all the powers And priviledges that 
other Towns in this Province enjoy b}^ Law — That in con- 
sequence thereof it was ( )rdered in the House of Representa- 
tives on the 11'** day of April last that the petitioners Should 
Notify the Inhabitants and Proprietors of the said Planta- 
tion Twenty days before the third Wednesday of the then 
next Session of the General Court to shew cause why the 
prayer of said Petition Should not be granted : That the 
same Order was read and Concurred in Council on the 13'''^ of 
the Same Month — That it was Never Assented to by his 
Excellency the Governor and is of None Effect and That 
the Inhabitants and proprietors are under Many and great 
difficulties and discouragements by reason that said Planta- 
tion was never Incorporated — Wherefore we humbly pray 
that your Excellency and Honours will take the matter into 
Your wise consideration And by an Act of the Great and 
General Court incorporate said plantation According to the 
bounds and limits thereof into a Town ( by some proper 
Name) with all Necessary powers and priviledges — And 
we shall as in duty bound ever Pray 

Joshua Wyman 
Enoch Bartlet 
Jere^' Hill 

In the House of Representatives June 10"* 1772 
Resolved that the petitioners give Notice to the Inhabitants 
and proprietors of s** Plantation by Posting an attested Copy 
of this Memorial and Order at the Meeting House Door in 
said Plantation fourteen days before the first Wednesday in 
July Next to Shew cause ( if the Gen^ Court is then Sitting) 
why the prayer of said petition shall not be Granted — And 
in case the General Court shall not then be Sitting then the 
said Inhabitants and proprietors are directed on said Notice 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 177 

to Appear and make their Objections on the Second Wednes- 
day of the Next Session of the General Court 

Sent up for Concurrence T Cusliing Spk^ 

In Council June 10**^ 1772 Read & Concurred 

Jn" Cotton D. Secry 

In Council July 1^* 1772 Read again together with the 
Answer, & Ordered that this Petition be dismissed 

Sent down for Concurrence Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

In the House of Representatives July 1, 1772 
Read & non concurred & ordered that the petitioners have 
leave to bring in a Bill for the purpose of their Petition 

Sent up for Concurrence T Cushing Spk'' 

In Council July 1^' 1772 Read & Concurred — 

Jn^ Cotton D Secry 



Sam^ MarcJis Petition. 1772. 

To His Exelency Thomas Hutchinson Esq"" Cap* General 
and Commander In Cheiff In and Over His Majestys Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay — To the Hon''''' His Majestys 
Councill and House of Rcprestitives. In Generall Court 
assembled 

Humbly Shews: Samuel March of Scarborougli in the 
County of Cuml)erland in said province — That the said 
Town of Scarborough have Ever Shewn their willingness to 
I')cav tliciir full Share of the Expences of Govcrhment in all 
Respects according to their abilitys and have not failed to 
Send Some person to Represent them in the Create & Gen- 
eral Court more tliuii one or two years in Twenty years Last 
past — Excepting the years 1770 and 1771 ( whicli Defect if 
any) your petitioner is Verry Sure was not owing To any 

12 



178 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Slight of privelidge or unwillingness in his Constitutents to 
pay their full Share toward the Support of Government — 
but So it was that as their was no one present that Could 
Represent the Distrest Circumstances of said Town to your 
Exelency & Honors in its True Light, when those matters 
were Considered by the General Court the Said Town was 
fined for their aforesaid neglect the Sum of ten pounds for 
the year 1770 — which hath been allready assessed on the 
Inhabitants of said Town and allso the further sum of fifteen 
pounds for such neglect in the year 1771 which has not yet 
been paid — and as said Town of Scarborough has of Late 
been not only at Create Expence In Setling a minister and 
allso at the Expence of pay for two ministers for a Long 
time together the setled minister being unable to attend on 
the work of the ministry — but the said Town has been also 
and Stands Obliged to pay allmost five hundred pounds 
LawfuU money within a few years Last past a Second time 
by means of Defective Collectors near three hundred pounds 
thereof being Not yet paid — Besides the said Town of Scar- 
borough have Verry Lately Expended the Sum of One hun- 
dred pounds more for Repairing the meeting Houses in said 
Town : adding allso the Verry Create Loss the Said To^vn 
has Sustained by the Late terrible fire which Raged in Said 
Town To Such a Degree that many of the Inhabitants 
thereof Suffered Create Loss thereby which they have not 
yet nor is it Likely they will for a Long time Recover altho 
the General Court in their Create Goodness and Compassion 
was pleased to make them a Verry Considerable Grant for 
the then present Releif of Some of the unhappy Sufferers 
thereby 

Wherefore your petitioner Most Humbly prays your Exel- 
ency and Honors To take the Several matters in the above 
representation of facts Into your wise Consideration and 
Remitt to the Said Town the Several fines above mentioned 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 179 

or other ways Releive them In Such way and manner as to 
your Exelency and Honors May Seem meet — 
and as in Duty Bound shall Ever pray 

Sam^^ March 

In the House of Representatives June 11 1772 
Resolved that the Prayer of this Petition be granted : that 
there be allowed & paid out of the publick Treasury into the 
Hands of Samuel March for the Use of the Town of Scar- 
borough the Sum of ten pounds, being the sum assessed on 
said Town for neglecting to return a Representative to the 
General Assembly in the year 1770 — and also that the fine 
laid on said Town for omitting to return a representative in 
the year 1771 be remitted. 

Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk"" 

In Council June 17^*' 1772 

Read & Concurred Tho* Flucker Sec^ 

Consented To T Hutchinson 



Objection against the Petitio7i. 

'i'o his Exellency the Governor, The honorable (council 
And Representatives of the Province of the Massachsetts 
Bay in New England in general Court assembled 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of Narragansett No 1 in 
the County of York is most humbly presented 

In Objection against the Petition of a Number of the Pro- 
priet(jrs of this Place for the Incorporation of it into a Town, 
we beg leave Uj offer to youi- Wisdom & Lenity the following 
Considerations 

We perceive ourselves unable to bear any further Taxes 
(except a far Minor Part of Us) l)y Means of our Debts, 



180 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

And the unavoidable Difficulties of feeding & Clothing our 
Families in this infant-Settlement : Furthermore, 

We pray your Excellency & Honors to Consider the 
Township Consists of 120 Rights & That the Petitioners for 
an Incorporation are only three or four, & they not Owners 
of more than six or seven Rights. 

The Bounds between this Place & Gorham & Scarboro are 
not Settled. These Towns regard not the Line run by a 
Committee of a former general Court 8 or ten years past. 
We Sued them at law for Trespass within said Line, & also for 
the Title to the Land & lost about 5 or =£600 old Tenor, & 
recovered Nothing. Should We be incorporated in this 
unsettled & quarrelling Condition, We know not what Loss 
& Sufferings we may meet with. Some of the largest Pro- 
prietors of the Township are by no means desirous of an 
Licorporation m this state, & one of them was a Signer to 
the Petition for the Corporation before He had weighed this 
matter, & therefore repents what he then so immaturely 
acted. Some Famihes from Scarborough are now on the 
Gore, so called, a Strip of valuable Land Containing twelve 
Lots which are within the Line aforesaid run by the general 
Court, these Lots, if lost, must be a great Loss to the Pro- 
prietors, as well as to Us the Inhabitants of the Place. And 
Gorham Claims 40 Rods within said Line upon the Seven 
miles long. And besides this, that is, granting tlie said Line 
to stand good, Gorham will have about 70 Acres more to a 
Right than we have, whereas they ought by the Grant of 
these Townships to have been No longer than We. Consider- 
ing these great Disadvantages, & that there are not as we 
know of four Men In the Place who desire an Incorporation, 
We humbly hope It will not take Place. We therefore most 
earnestly beseech your Excellency & Honors that we may 
not be incorporated till our Limits are finally adjusted, & we 
more able To bear the Expences & Charges of a Town by 



OF THE STATE OF MALNE 



181 



granting This Petition, you will lay 
Obligations, as now in Duty bound, 
Narragansett June 17. 1772 

Sam^ Sands Daniel Leavit 

John Owen Isaiah Brooks 

Thomas Bradbury Matthias R 
Benj'^ Donnel John Boynton Ju"^ 

John Hopkinson Jun Richard Clay 
humphry adkinson Sam^^ Hovey 
Benj'^ Bradbury Joseph Bradbury 
Samuel Merrill Jaob Bradbury 
John Kimball Nathan Elden 

Abel herdy John Hopkin 

Timothy Hasaltine Daniel X Clay 

mark 

Samuel heseltine Asa Stevens 
Ephraim Sands John Eaton 
Abel Merrill Samuel Leavit 

Matthias R Jr. 



Us under new & great 
ever to pray &c 

Jacob Bradbury 

bis 

John X Garland 

mark 

John Nason 
Eben'' Wentworth 
Jabez Lane 
Job Roberts 
Joseph Laint 
William Bradbury 
Joseph Woodman 
Joseph Woodman Jun"^ 

Joseph Donnell 

Caleb Hopkinson 
Joshuay Kimball 
Joshua 



Act of Incorporation. 1772. 

Anno, Regni, Regis, Georgii, Tertii, Duodecimo 

An Act for Incorporating the Plantation called Narragan- 
set Number one in the County of York into a Town by 
the name of 

Whereas it has been represented to this Court that the 
plantation called Narraganset number one lying on tlie East 
side of Saco River in tlie County of York is competently 
filled witli Inlial)itants wlio ]al)our imder great dirilculties 
and discouragements by means of their not being Incorporated 
into a Town. 

Be it therefore enacted by the Governor, Council and 
House of Representatives That the said Nan-aganset N" one 
bounded Southeasterly at tlie heads of Bideford and Scar- 



182 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

borough Southwesterly by Saco River, Northwesterly by 
Pearson Town so called and Northeasterly by Gorhani, be 
and hereby is Incorporated into a Town by the Name of 
and that the Inhabitants thereof be and hereby are invested 
with all the powers, privileges & immunities which the 
Inhabitants of other Towns in this Province by Law enjoy. 

And Be it further Efiacted That Jeremiah Hill Esq' be 
and hereby is directed to issue his Warrant to some principal 
Inhabitant of said Town, requiring him to warn the Inhab- 
itants thereof to meet at such time and place as shall be 
therein set forth, to chuse all such officers as Towns are by 
Law impowered to chuse in the month of March annually: 
at which said Meeting all the then present Inhabitants shall 
be admitted to vote 

In the House of Representatives 

July 7 1772 Read the first time 

8 1772 Read the second & third time & passd to be 
engrossd 

Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk" 

In Council July 8"' 1772 Read a first Time 

8"^'' Read a second time, & Passed a Con- 
currence to be Engrossed 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 
Consented to 



Memoi'ial of the Associated Mmisters of York. 

To his Excellency Thomas Hutchinson Esq"^ Governor The 
honourable his Majesties Council; and The honourable 
House of Representatives of The Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay. 
The Memorial of the associated Ministers of the County 

of York humbly sheweth : 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 183 

That many of the new Settlements in the Eastern Parts of 
this Province are without the Preaching of the Gospel ; and 
by Reason of their Poverty, and other Difficulties they labour 
under, are unable at present to settle and maintain a learned 
and Orthodox Ministry, as by the Law of this Province is 
required, 

That unless some Provision be made for their Instruction, 
they must remain for a considerable Time in a great Measure 
destitute of the Means of Religion ; and in danger of loosing 
the Knowledge and Sense of their Duty to God, and their 
King, and one another ; and sinking into Ignorance, Ir- 
religion, and all Manner of Disorder. 

That it appears to your Memorialists that it must be in 
many Respects for the public Emolument, as well as the 
temporal and religious Interest of these new Settlements, 
that some speedy and effectual Measures be taken for the 
Preservation of Christian Knowledge and Virtue, among 
those scattered Inhabitants of the Wilderness. 

Your Memorialists therefore beg Leave, to lay the Premises 
before Your Excellency and Honours, in Confidence of your 
paternal Care for the Advancement of Religion, and the 
Welfare of this Province ; and humbly to propose to the 
Consideration of your Excellency and Honours, whether 
the providing of one or more Missionaries for the Instruction 
of those destitute People, be not a Matter of public Concern- 
ment, that the Knowledge and Sense of our holy Religion 
may not be lost among them 

And your Memorialists shall ever pray &" 

J^enj" Stevens / In th(! Name of the 
Isaac Lyman i associated Ministers 

Answer 

In tlie ITous(! of R(![)rosentatives July I), 1772. 

Whereas application has been made to this (Jourt by the 



184 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Associated Ministers in the County of York, by their Memo- 
rial setting forth that many of the New Settlements in the 
Eastern Parts of this Province are without the Preaching 
of the Gospel ; and that they are unable to support the 
same ; and praying that one or more Missionaries may be 
provided, at the expence of the Province, for the Instruc- 
tion of those Destitute People And it appearing that good 
& valuable Purposes may be answered by making Provision 
for the same. Therefore Resolved that there be allowed and 
paid out of the Publiek Treasury in the month of October 
Annually for three years next ensuing the first Day of Sep- 
tember next a sum not exceeding the sura of Eighty pounds 
to the Trustees hereinafter named, to be by them applied for 
supporting One Missionary of sober life & conveisation for 
promoting Christian Knowledge in the Eastern Parts of this 
Provmce in such Places as are destitute of the Preaching of 
the Gospel, and are unable to support the same among them- 
selves, such missionary to officiate at such Places as he shall 
from time to time be directed by said Trustees. Provided 
said Trustees shall annually at the end of each year account 
to this Court for the Sum or Sums by them expended in sup- 
port of said Mission. 

Resolved also that the Rev*^ Benjamin Stevens of Kittery 
& the Rev*^ Isaac Lyman and the rev*^ Samuel Lanctou of 
York be the Trustees for the purposes abovementioned and 
that they or either Two of them be empowered to receive 
the above Grants & to appoint the missionary as above & 
him dismiss and another appoint in his Room as to them 
shall seem fit 

Sent up for Concurrence T. Gushing Spk'' 

In Council July 10'' 1772 

Read & Concurred Tho* Flucker Sec^ 

Consented to T. Hutchinson 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 185 

An Act to encourage the Preaching of the Grospel. 

Anno Regni Regis Georgii Tertii Duodecimo. 

An Act to encourage the Preaching of the Gospel to the 
Inhabitants of a certam place known by the name of Machias 
in the County of Lincoln. 

Whereas there are a great number of Persons residing at 
a place known by the name of Machias in the County of 
Lincoln within this Province who profess to be of the prin- 
ciples or Persuasion of the Churches of this Province known 
by the name of Congregational Churches and to be desirous 
for their spiritual benefit that the Gospel should be Preached 
among them, which may likewise tend to the maintenance or 
support of Civil order; And whereas the persons residing as 
aforesaid have not been incorporated into a Town, District, 
Precinct or Parish and cannot provide for the support of the 
Gospel in such way and manner as Towns, Districts, Pre- 
cincts and Parishes by the Laws of this Province are enabled 
to provide. 

Be it therefore Enacted by the Governor Council & House 
of Representatives That Jonathan Longfellow and Stephen 
Jones Esq" Mess" Ichabod Jones, Stephen Parker, Benja- 
min F(jster and James Eliot or the major part of them be & 
hereby are authorized & impowered upon Oath to Tax all the 
Inhabitants of Machias annually, excepting those that are 
professed Chuichmen, Baptists or Quakers, not exceeding 
the Sum of one hundred and twenty pounds annually for the 
support and maintenance of the Gospel amongst thein as the 
major part of said Inhabitants shall at their meeting vote 
and determine ; upon notice being given to them eight days 
at least by notification in writing being posted up at the 
several places where said Inhabitants attend Divine Wor- 
slii|) (Ml tilt! Lords diiy. 

And be it further Enacted that the said Jonathan Long- 
fellow, Stephen Jones, Ichabod Jones, Stephen Parker, Ben- 



186 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

jamin Foster and James Eliot or the major part of them shall 
have and hereby is given them the same power and authority 
to Tax said Inhabitants for the purpose aforesaid and the 
same power to appoint a Collector or Collectors for collect- 
ing the said Taxes as the Inhabitants would have had where 
they incorporated into a Town or District, and the Collector 
or Collectors thus appointed and sworn to the faithful dis- 
charge of their office, shall have the same power and author- 
ity to Collect the said Taxes committed to them as if they 
were legally chosen by said Inhabitants for that purpose. 

And s'' Committee shall have & hereby is granted unto 
them or any three of them the Power of a Town District or 
Precinct Treasurer unto whom the money collected as afores*^ 
shall by the Collectors be paid. 

This Act to continue & be in force for the space of three 
years from the first day of April 1772. 

In Council July 14*'' 1772 Read a first & a second Time & 
passed to be Engrossed 

Tho« Flucker Sec^ 

In the House of Representatives July 14, 1772. 

Read & ordered that the further Consideration of this Bill 
be referd to the next Session. 

Sent up for Concurrence T. Cushing Spk' 

In Council July 14"' 1772 
Read and Cone** — Jn° Cotton D. Secry , 



Gov'^ Hutchinson to the Earl of Dartmouth 

No. 6 Boston 13"' November 1772. 

My Lord 

Having received a letter from M"" Goldthwait Command- 
ing officer of Fort Pownall and of a Regiment of Militia in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 187 

the Eastern part of the Province I take the liberty to cover a 
copy as an addition to the state of that Country which I 
have already sent. Upon a review of your Lordship's 
directions I find that I have not fully complied with them, 
having made no mention of my opinion upon the steps proper 
to remove the difiiculties which have hitherto obstructed the 
resfulation of the settlements there. « 

The inducement to people to flock from the settled parts 
of this Province and New Hampshire and to prefer the Sea 
coast and Islands and Rivere there to the inland parts of 
either Province is the profit which arises from the pine and 
Oak Timber which, being near the Sea, is purchased of the 
Settlers for transportation to Europe or for the supply of the 
Inhabitants of Boston Portsmouth &c. A very great quan- 
tity has been carried to England and the King has paid no 
inconsiderable sum as a bounty for bringing away his own Tim- 
l)er without his licence. As the settlers increase this mischief 
increases. A restraint therefore from further settling seems 
to be the first steps necessary, and this would effectually be 
made if all Timber cut there wheresoever carried, was made 
liable to a forfeiture; but this would take away the present 
means of support from a thousand or fifteen hundred families 
and make most of them, for some time, miserable, and would 
also be sensibly felt by the Seaport Towns of both Provinces 
which have their principal supply of fewal from this Coun- 
try. The Assembly I think without any good reason have 
repeatedly refused their aid in order to restrain these unjusti- 
fiable settlements and there is no prospect of their agreeing 
to such measures us may answer Ills Majesty's pur[)ose. It 
seems therefore necessary for the preservation of His 
Majesty's interest the Country should be subject to His sole 
direction. To effecit tliis an offer may be made of the Lands 
West of Merrimack River which were taken from this 
Province by the new boundary with New Hampshire in 1737 



188 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

as an equivalent for the Country East of Kennebeck. 
Or the absolute property of the Country West of Penobscot 
may be vested in the Province provided all claim be re- 
linquished to the Country East of Penobscot and if the line 
of the Province of Main might be allowed to run from the 
head of Newichewanock River, North West instead of North 
two degrees West, as I conceived it ought to run until His 
late Majesty in Council otherwise determined, this would 
not, being added to the Lands, West of Penobscot, make 
more than an equivalent for the Lands East and would make 
the proposal more likely to be accepted. In the Grant to Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges the line upon the Sea Coast is said to be 
Northeastward when the course of the Seacoast, which was 
then well known, is Northeast, and the plain intent of the 
patent seems to be a Tract of 120 miles square & that being 
the length upon the Sea, upon this constructipn the other 
three sides would be equal. 

I cannot answer for a compliance with any proposals what- 
soever but one advantage will arise from them. A refusal 
will facilitate and render unexceptionable a Parliamentary 
consideration the only remaining step, which will be abso- 
lutely necessary and which the repeated refusal to take 
proper care of this Country may, alone, be sufficient to 
justify. 

Tho Hutchinson 



Provmce of the Massachusetts Bay To his Excellency 
Thomas Hutchinson Esq'' Captain General and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over said Province 
To the Honorable his Majesties Council and House of 

Representatives in General Court assembled, January Anno 

Domini 1773 — 



OF THE ]tfAINE OF STATE 189 

The Petition of the Proprietors of a certain Tract of Land 
situate in the County of Lincoln in said Province at or near 
a Place called Pemaquid in the Eastward Parts of said Prov- 
ince granted by the Council of Plymouth in great Britain in 
the Year One Thousand Six hvmdred and thirty one, To 
Robert Aldsword and Giles Elbridge, known by the Name of 
Pemaquid Lands humbly sheweth — 

That your Petitioners and their Ancestors, and Others 
whose Estate in the Lands aforesaid they now hold have 
been at great Pains and Expenees in making Surveys Plans 
and Divisions of the Tract of Land aforesaid, and in bringing 
forward Settlements and making improvements there, and in 
many other Ways, in managing, ordering, and disposing tlie 
Affairs of said Pemaquid Propriety or Company, for a 
Course of Thirty Years past — 

That in the Course of these Transactions, they have fre- 
quently voted to raise Monies for necessary Purposes relating 
to said Propriety, and have ordered such sums to be laid and 
Apportioned on the several Pi-oprietors, according to each 
Proprietors Interest in the Land and to strict Equity — And 
they have stated Accounts, paid and received Monies and 
done other Things as appears in the Companys Book of 
Records and in the Company's Book of Accounts — 

But in some Instances, through Error and want of Infor- 
mation in the Law, m Voting sums of monies to be raised, 
and in forming Assessments of those sums upon the Propri(>- 
lors they liave not a.s tliey ai'e now advised confonncd in ;dl 
things to the strict regulations of the Law, tho' they have in 
all Respects conformed to the Principles of Equity and good 
Conscience, as they sliall be able fully to prove to the Satis- 
faction ()\ this Honoi-abli' ('ourt oi' any Connnittct^ llu'rcol, 
n|i(in Inspection of their sai<l I>ooks of Kecords, Proeecidings 
iuid Ac(;ouiits — 

That some of said Pioprietors Iiunc not [)aid tiieii' res[)ect- 



190 DOCUMENTAllY HISTORY 

ive Quotes, and Proportions of the Expences and intended 
Assessments aforesaid but are considerably in Arrear — But 
on Account of the Irregularities aforesaid your Petitioners 
and the said Company are informed that tliey cannot proceed 
to collect and lay said Quotas or to make sale of the Lands 
of said delinquent Proprietors, for the Payment of their just 
Proportions aforesaid, which are still in Arrear, and unpaid, 
without great Hazzard of Lawsuits and Perplexities both to 
your Petitioners, and the delinquent Proprietors aforesaid. 

Wherefore your Petitioners liumbly pray the Interposition 
of tliis Honorable (Jourt, for the Ratification of their past 
Proceedings, and that the said Company or Propriety may 
be impowered to proceed to collect and levy, the said Sums 
that are still in Arrear by sale of the delinquent Proprietors 
Lands, or otherwise According to Law ; any want of Con- 
formity to the strict Regulation of the Law, relating to the 
Votes, Assessments, Proceedings of Proprietors of common 
and undivided Lands, notwithstanding : and your Petitioners 
as in Duty bound shall Pray — 

Seth Sweetser John Savage Habijah Savage 

Bart^ Kneeland Stephen Minot Rachel Noble 

Stephen Miller 

Petition of Selectmen of Winthrop, 1773 

To His Excellency Thomas Hutchinson Esi^"^ Governor in 
Chief of His Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
The Honorable His Majestys Council and the Honorable 
House of Representatives in General Court Assembled The 
Petition of the Selectmen of the Town of Winthrop in the 
County of Lincoln in said Province 

Humbly Sheweth 

That the Inhabitants of said Town are all New Settlers So 
new that Six years ago thair was but two familys in the 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 191 

Compass of the said Town as it is Incorporated that the near- 
est place of the said Town to Kennebeck River is the chstance 
of five miles and the Koads all New and all most impasal)le 
with Teams dureing the Sumer Season So the said Inhab- 
itants cannot have the advantage of Lumbering as People 
that live on Kennebeck River thair whole dependance being 
upon what they Raise from the land the said Inhabitants are 
poor in (jeneral and of Consequence money very Scarce 
among them and hard to be procuered Your Petitioners 
Therefore Humbly Pray that Your Excellency and Honours 
would take our Case under your Wise Consideration and for 
the Reasons aforesaid and the Consideration of the Expence 
we must be at in Building a meeting House for the Publick 
Worship of God would Exempt the said Inhabitants from 
paying any Tax to the Province for the Tarni of five years 
next to Come or otherways Grant Relief as Your Exelency 
and Honours in your Wisdom Shall See meet and your 
Petitioners Shall ever pray &c 
Dated March y« 8»" A D. 1773 at Winthrop 

Jonathan Whiting I Selectmen 
Gideon Lambart Y for 



Ichabod How 



Winthrop 



Petition of Members of the Church of Englajid. 

T<» his Excellency the Governor the Honble his Majestys 
Council & the Hoiible House of Representatives in Gen- 
eral Court Assembled 
The Petition of a Number of Persons Members of the 
Church of England usually attending Public Worship at S' 
Paul's Church in Falmouth — Humbly Sheweth — 

That in the Year of our Lord 1765 your Petitioners at 
great Expence erected a Church »& obtaind a Missionary 



192 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

from the Venerable Society for Propogating the Gospel in 
Foreign Parts which Missionary they laid themselves nnder 
an obligation to support & hitherto have supported the said 
Missionary by laying a Tax upon the Pews in the said 
Church together with a small Tax upon Persons who were 
not owners of Pews yet usually & frequently attending Pub- 
lic Worship in the said Church — 

And wliereas your Petitioners being assessed heretofore by 
the first Parish in said Town agreeable to the Law of this 
Province now in force has been found to be attended with 
many inconveniences they humbly pray your Excellency & 
Honors would be pleased to enable & permit the Assessors 
of said first Parish to omit rating the members of the s*^ 
Church for the future the Minister & Wardens giving in a 
List of said Members to said Assessors on or l)efore the first 
day of September next & on or before the first day of 
September annually afterwards & certifying thereon that the 
Persons therein named are members of the Church of Eng- 
land and usually & frequently attend the Public Worship of 
God with them on the Lords Days — 

And your Petitioners further pray that said members of 
said Church of England may have the further priviledge 
granted them of raising assessing & levying all ministerial 
Cliarges independent of any other denomination of Christians 
in said Falmouth in such ways & means as they hitherto 
have done or otherwise as your Excellenc^y & Honors shall 
judge most expedient. 

And your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever Pray. 
Jon* Webb J Joluison Edward Watts 

Zebulun Noyes Moses Shattuck Jos : Domett 

Abra™ Osgood David Wyer Samuel Mountfort 

Jedidiah Preble Fra^ Waldo Edward Oxnard 

Tho" Oxnard Tho : Child David Wyer Ju^ 

G. Lyde W. Simmons John Waite 

Step" Waite 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 193 

At a legal Meeting of the first Parish in Falmouth by- 
Adjournment May 17'*^ 1773. The said Petition was laid 
before the Parish, whereupon, 

Voted that the parish join in the first prayer of said Peti- 
tion that the Assessors may be permitted to omit rating said 
Members of the church of England for the future upon the 
]\Iinister & Wardens giving in a List and certifying thereon 
as mentioned in said Petition ; 

The Second prayer of said Petition for the Grant of 
further priviledges they submit to the Wisdom of the Legisla- 
ture. 

Attest Theo Bradbury Clerk of said Parish. 

In Council June 8'^ 1773 Read & Ordered That William 
Brattle & James Bowdoin Esq" with such as the hon^^ 
house shall join be a Committee To Consider this petition & 
report 

Sent down for Concurrence Tlio* Flucker Sec^ 
In the House of Representatives June 11, 1773. 
Read & Concurrd and M' Stickney Coll Warren and Coll 

Murray are joynd. 

T. Cushing Spk'' 

The Committee above named have attended the service 
assigned them Report that the prayer of tlie Petitioners be 
granted, & that they have liberty to bring in a bill accord- 
ingly. 

W. Brattle by order 

In Coun(;il Juno LS"' 1773. Read & accepted, & ordered 
that the Petitioners have Liberty to bring in a Bill for the 
purposes in their Petition mentioned — 
Sent down for (Joncui-rence 

Jn" ('ottcm I). Secry 

In the House of llel)^esentHtivc^s June 18, 1773. 

I {end & Concurrd 

T. (hishing Spkr 

13 



194 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Selectmen of North Yarmouth. 1773. 

To his Excellency the Governor and the hon'''*^ the Coun- 
cil of his Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay in 
New England at their Session in May 1773 

The Petition of the Selectmen of the Town of North Yar- 
mouth, on behalf of said Town Humbly Sheweth 

That one Edward Doring, a transient Person, formerly a 
native of Ireland, Some time in July last came to said Town, 
and on or about the last of the same Month was taken sick 
at the House of Capt" Solomon Loring, Inholder in said 
Town ; whereupon said Loring finding him to be a person of 
no property, made application to the Selectmen of the Town, 
to provide for his Nursing and doctoring, and the Selectmen 
gave Orders to said Loring to provide accordingly — 

That on the 20"' of August the said Doring died there, 
and said Loring has debted the Town for Nursing doctoring 
and funeral Expence, as by the Attested Accounts accom- 
panying this Petition may appear X4 : 19: 4. Lawful money 

That the Selectmen, on behalf of the Town, have taken pains 
to inform themselves of the circumstances of the said Doring, 
& can't find by all their enquiries that he had obtained a legal 
Settlement in any Town within this Government; nor can 
they find that he has left any Estate, real or personal towards 
defraying the Charges of his Sickness and burial — 

Wherefore your Petitioners pray, that said Sum of <£4 : 
19 : 4. may be refunded to the Town of North Yarmouth out 
of the Province Treasury, and Orders given for that Pur- 
pose, agreeable to the Law of this Province in such Cases 
made and provided — 

And your Petitioners, as in Duty bound shall ever pray — 



North Yarmouth Solomon Loring 
May 31. 1773 Jonathan INIitchell 

Silvanus Prince 



Selectmen 
of 
North Yarmouth 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 195 

Deposition. 

Stephen Holt of Lawful Age Testifietli & Saitli That he 
was one of the first Settlers in a ToAATiship Granted to Capf* 
John Lovewell & others known by the Name of Suncook. — 
That the Grantees with great Labour & Expence brought 
forward their Settlements Soon after the grant of s** Town- 
ship was made Notwithstanding the opposition made by the 
Proprietors of Bow who Claimed a Tract of Land by Virtue 
of a Grant made by the Goverment of New Hampshire of 
the Contents of Twelve miles Square which Included Sun- 
cook & was made near the Time of the Massachusetts grant 
— That they were Encouraged by the People of the Massa- 
chusetts Government to Perfect their Settlements Notwith- 
standing the opposition made by Bow & Accordingly 
Persevered in their undertaking & Endeavoured to Defend 
their Rights in the Common Law of New Hampshire when 
many of them were held to Answer there by Process or be 
Defaulted — 

That many Actions were Continued from Term to Term 
till the Defendants were almost Ruin'd — That tlie Proprie- 
tors of Pennicook being under like Circumstances ( saving 
only that Pennicook was purchased with money & Suncook 
was the Price of Blood ) Apply'd to the great & General 
Couit of the Massachusetts Province for Relief & ()l)tained a 
grant of One hundred pounds Sterling to Defend their Cause 
in England and the Suncook Proprietors Embark \1 in the 
Same Cause According to their AbiUty Contributed to tlie 
Pennicook Agent for his Aid to them in the Common Cause. 
But so it is thougli tlie Actions at home were Determined in 
some soit in favour of the Massacluisetts Grantees yet the 
l)oint of Property most Essential to be Dckn'mined was Care- 
fully Avoided, and after tliis New Actions were (^unnieiK^ed 
So t!i;it the Pr<ipi-i('tors of Suncook as well as tliosc of Pen- 
nicook liav(! been Coiitiiiu;ill\ liai'iiisscd ^V' W'oii'icfl in the 



196 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Law from their Infant State 'till within these two or three 
years last past they have almost all of them, Purchased their 
Improvements & them only at an Extravagant Lay, and all 
the unimprov'd Lands Revert to the Proprietors of Bow. 

The Deponant further Saitli that he was an Inhabitant of 
Suncook for the Term of Ten Years & Since his Removal he 
has been Conversant with the Proprietors, been Concerned in 
Defending Sundry Rights & that he has no Knowledge of 
any one of the Inhabitants having Received any Considera- 
tion from the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, nor from 
New Hampshire, on Account of their Loss in Suncook ; but 
on the Contary is well assured that there is not one Individ- 
ual of s*^ Prop" of Suncook but what has Sustain'd more 
Loss than Double the Value of his Right when Granted, and 
that many Others have been Entirely Ruined And were 
Obliged to part with their Farms Valued at more than XlOO 
Sterling to Defrey the Chargs of their Vexatious Law suits. 
Andover May 31, 1773 ~ Stephen Holt 

Essex ss. Andover May 31, 1773 

Then M'' Stephen Holt appear"^ personally & made Oath 
to the forewritten Deposition, by him Subscrib*^ 

Before me Samuel Phillips Just^ Pacis 



Petition of James Miller and others 1773 

To His Excellency Thomas Hutchinson Esq"^ Captain 
General Governor & Commander in Chief in & Over his 
majestys Province of the massachusetts Bay &c — 

The Honourable His majestys Councele & House of Rep- 
resentatives in General Assembly Convened — 

The subscribers humbly Shew — 
that your Petitioners Purchased from the Heirs of Brigadeer 
"Waldo a tract of Land Near Six miles Square Situate on tha 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 197 

Western Side of Penobscot Bay Bounded Begining at the 
Westerly Bounds of tlie township of Frankfort from thence 
Westerly Round tlie Harbour Called Passageesewokey to 
Little River from thence up Said River as far as Salt Water 
flows then Crossing Said River to a Black Burch tree Com- 
puted to be thirty Seven Chains from thence South Sixty 
Eight Degrees west two Hundred & seventy three Chains to 
A Burch tree from thence North twenty two Degrees West 
three Hundred & Twenty two Chains to a rock maple tree 
one rod Westerly from a quarry of stones from thence North 
Sixty Eight Degrees East six hundred & two Chains to the 
Westerly Line of said Frankfort from thence South thirty 
Seven Chains to the Largest of Halfway Creek Ponds from 
thence Down said Creek to the Bounds first mentioned and 
Whereas the Vendors Could not Convey jurisdicktion the 
Vendees have no Legal Power to Vote assess or Levy taxes 
for any Publick use & many of the Vendees being Now Set- 
tled on the Premises & Scarcely able in Point of Circum- 
stances to Perform their own Settlements Suffer Greatly 
Being Destitute of the Gospell Schools mills Bridges &c and 
Whereas the Vendors Did not Oblige the Vendees to Settle 
the Premises Sundry of them are non Residents and Should 
the Premisses be Incorporated in Common form the Poor 
Residents must Suffer all the inconveniences of Being the 
first Settlers & pay all the taxes for the publick uses afore- 
said : and the non Residents have the advantage of Lumber 
from their Lands increasing Everey Day at the Expence & 
By the Labour of the Residents — 

Therefore your Petitioners Humbly Pray your Excellency 
& Honours to Incorporate the Premisses into a township by 
the Name of Belfast & Grant them all the Privileges & 
Invest them with all the Legal Authority Necessary to 
Enable the Said Purchassers to Hold Legal meetings & to 
Chuse all Necessary Officers the Vote to be Numbred 



198 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

According to the Interest of Each Purchasser Present at 
Said meetings to Vote & Levey taxes from time to time to 
Expedite Said Settlement from all the Purchassers of said 
Premisses, Whether Resident or non Resident According to 
their Intrast in said Premisses Numbring as afores*^ and in 
Case any Purchasser Neglects or Refuse- to Pay any tax 
Voted as afores^ for the Space of Sixty Days Next after the 
Day Said Vote was Recorded A Commttee Chosen as afores*^ 
be Impowered to Sell at Publick Vendue giving thirty Days 
Notice Before Said Sale as much of Purchassers Land as will 
Pay Said tax or taxes & all Incidental Charges Returning 
the Overplush if any to the Purchasser Every meeting to be 
Notified by the Clark of said town in the most Publick Place 
in said Belfast fifteen Days before said meeting, giving an 
Explict account in writing under his hand of time & Place & 
of what to be acted at Said meeting & that what sover tax 
the Residents are obliged to Pay be assessed & Levied in 
manner as afores*^ for teen years Next after the Date of Said 
Incorporation & after that Period to be assessed Levied and 
Paid as other towns assess & Pay their taxes — 

and your Petitioners as in Duty Bound Will Ever Pray &c 
James Miller John Tuffts Ephraim Stimson 

William John Durham William Patterson ^"" 

Nathaniel Patterson John Davidson William Glechlan 
John Gilman Richard Stimson Rob' Patterson 

James Patterson John Stel John Mitchel 

Samul Morrison Mo^ Barnett John Brown 

John Moor Sam'' Houston Sam" Houston Ju' 

James Macgregore Jun'' David Hemphill John Barnet 
John Durham Juner Joseph Morrison Alex"" Wilson 
Samuel Marsh Joseph Gragg John Tuffts 

Alexander Little John Cochran James Gilmore 

David Gilmore 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 199 

Act of Incorporation, 1773. 

In the thirteenth Year of the Reign of King George the 
third 

An Act for Incorporating a Certain Tract of Land on the 
Westerly side of Penobscot Bay into a Town by the name of 

Whereas the Inhabitants of a Certain Tract of Land on the 
Westerly side of Penobscot Bay in the County of Lincoln 
are desirous of being incorporated into and invested with the 
Powers and Priviledges of a Town, — therefore, 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of 
Representatives that the Tract of Land aforesaid Bounded 
as follows Viz' Beginning at the Westerly Bounds of the 
township of Frankfort from thence Westerly Round the 
Harbour called Passagusnoskey to little River from thence 
up said River as far as Salt Water flows then Crossing said 
River to a Black Burch tree Computed to be thirty seven 
Chains from thence South Sixty eight Degrees West Two 
Hundred & twenty three Chains to a Burch tree from thence 
North twenty two Degrees West three hundred & seventy 
two Chains to a rock maple Tree one rod Westerly from a 
quarrey of Stones from thence North Sixty Eight Degrees 
East Six hundred & two Chains to the Westerly Line of 
said Frankfort from thence South thirty Seven Chains to the 
largest of halfway Creek Ponds from thence down said Creek 
to the Bounds first mentioned ; be and hereby is erected into 
a Town by the Name of 

And that the Inhabitants thereof be and hereby are 
invested with all the Powers, Priviledges and Immunities 
which the Inhabitants of the Towns within this Province 
respectively do, or by Law ought to enjoy. 

And be it further enacted That Thomas Goldthwait Escj'' 
be, and he hereby is impowered to issue his Warrant directed 
to some principal InhaV)itant in said Town to notify and 
Warn the Inhabitants in said Town qualified by J^aw to vote 



200 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in Town Affairs, to meet at such Time and Place as shall be 
therein set forth, to choose all officers as shall be necessary 
to manage the Affairs of said Town. At which said First 
meeting all the then Present Male Inhabitants that shall be 
arrived to y^ age of Twenty one years Shall be admitted to 
vote 

In the House of Representatives 

Read the first time June 14 1773 
June 15 Read a second time 
June 21, Read a third time & passed to be Engrossed 

Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk' 

In Council June 21* 1773 Read a first & a Second Time 
& passed a Concurrence to be Engrossed 

Tho« Flucker Sec^ 



Act of Incorporation. 1773. 

Anno Regni Regis Geo. Tertii Decimo Tertio 

An Act for Incorporating a Plantation called Broad Bay 
into a Town by the Name of 

Whereas the Inhabitants of the Plantation called Broad 
Bay in the County of Lincoln have Represented to this 
Court that they labour under many great difficulties and 
Inconveniences by reason of their not being Incorporated 
into a Town Therefore 

Be it Enacted by the Governor Council and House of 
Representatives that the said Plantation commonly called 
and known by the name of Broad Bay Bounded as follows 
Viz* To begin at the Northwest Corner Bound of the Town 
of Bristol in said County at a Stake standing on the Bank of 
the Duck-Puddle-Brook so called, thence runnmg Northerly 
by said Brook and pond, to the Northerly end of said pond 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 201 

to a pine Tree marked on four sides,, thence to run North 
five hundred and Sixty Rods to a pine Tree marked on four 
sides thence to run North twenty two Degrees & thirty 
Minutes East seventeen hundred Rods to a spruce Tree 
marked on four sides, thence to run East southeast eleven 
hundred and twenty Rods to a Birch Tree marked on four 
sides thence to run South seven Degrees East sixteen hun- 
dred Rods to a Maple Tree marked on four sides, thence to 
run south Nineteen Degrees West nine liundred and sixty 
Rods to a spruce Tree marked on four sides, thence to run 
Southeast one hundred & sixty Rods to a Firr Tree marked 
on four sides, thence to run South fifteen Degrees East three 
hmidred and twenty Rods to a stake standing on the Bank 
of little Pond so called thence Easterly by the Shore of said 
Pond to the Easterly part thereof, thence South fifteen 
Degrees East to a stake standing on the Bank of the South- 
erly Pond so called thence Easterly by the Shore of the said 
Pond to the easterly part thereof, thence South fifteen 
Degrees East one hundred Rods to a spruce Tree marked on 
four sides, thence running South twelve Degrees West three 
hundred and twenty Rods to a spruce Tree marked on four 
sides, thence running Northwest four hundred Rods to 
Goose River, so called, from thence southerly down said 
River in the middle thereof to its Entrance into tlie Bay, 
thence Northerly & westerly by the Shore of the Bay round 
the Back-Cove, so called, thence to continue by the Shore 
Southerly & westerly to the southerly Part of Passage Point 
otherwise called Jones's Neck, thence Westerly across the 
Narrow of Broad Bay River untill it strikes the southerly 
part of Havenars point, so called, thence Westerly round the 
Shore of said point and Northerly by the Shore of the eastern 
Branch Broad Cove, thence round the Head of said Cove 
Westerly & Southerly untill it comes to a red Oak Tree 
standing on the Land of Jacob Eaton being the Easterly 



202 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Corner Bound of the Town of Bristol aforesaid thence to 
run Northwesterly on said Line of Bristol to the first men- 
tioned Bounds be and hereby is erected into a Township by 
the Name of 

And that the Inhabitants thereof be and hereby are 
invested with all the Powers Privileges and Immunities 
which the Inhabitants of the Towns within this Province 
respective!}' do, or by Law ought to enjoy. And be it 
further enacted That Alexander Nichols Esq' be and hereby 
is impowered to issue his Warrant directed to some principal 
Inhabitant in said Township, to notify and warn the Inhab- 
itants in said Township to meet at such Time and place as 
shall be therein set forth, to choose all such Officers as shall 
be necessary to manage the Affairs of said Town, at which 
said First meeting all the then Present male Inhabitants 
arrived to Twenty one years of age shall be admitted to vote 

In the House of Representatives June 12, 1773. 
Read a first time 

June 15, 1773 Read a second time 

June 26 1773 Read a third time & passed to be 
Engrossed 

Sent up for Concurrence 

T Cushing Spk' 

In Council June 26* 1773 Read a first time & 29 a Sec- 
ond time & passed a Concurrence to be Engrossed 

Jn° Cotton D Sec^ 



Petition of Noah Johnson <f others 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay To His Excellency the 

Governor, To the Honourable His Majesty's Council & 

House of Representatives in general Court Assembled 

The Petition of the Subscribers hereto Humbly Shews — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 203 

That in the Time of the War with the Indians called the 
three year War, Cap* John Lovewell and a number of Men 
under his Command Voluntarily Engaged in the Service of 
Their King and Country, and bravely Exerted Themselves 
therein, by Pursuing the Indians in the Wilderness, where 
They repeatedly met with & Destroy'd some of Them. And 
finally, viz on the 8"> Day of May A D 1725. He with 
thirty four Men, met with a Large Body of Them at Pig- 
wacket, and had a Long & very warm Engagement with 
Them in which He, and a Considerable part of His Men 
Lost Their Lives. But the Indians were so severely handled 
in tliis Engagement, It Struck Them with so much Terror, 
That the Government looked upon Lovewell & His Men so 
Eminently Serviceable by This & Their former Bravery, as 
That They were Worthy of Some particular Regard from the 
Publick — In Consideration whereof. The Government 
granted a Township of Wilderness Land at Suncook, To the 
Heirs of the said Cap* John Lovewell, To the Heirs of those 
of His Men that fell with Him in the Engagement, To those 
who Liv'd thro it, and to a Number of such Other Men as 
the Government then thought were the most Proper to be 
admitted with Those who had been in said Engagement, and 
to make a Suitable Society for the Settlement of a New 
Township — 

That in Consequence of said Grant, and in Compliance 
with the Conditions thereof. The Grantees Settled said 
Township, Some by Their own Persons and Others by Their 
Assigns; And as no Body at that Time, had any Suspicion 
of Danger in the Title of the Land the People who Settled 
thereon, carried all the Interest They had in the World with 
Them, and Laid it out on Their Respective Rights, and 
therewith bestow'd a great deal of Labour with Tlieir own 
hands to bring Their Lands to be Pj-ofitable to Them, Trust- 
ing tliat They and Their Posterity Should Enjoy the Fruit 



204 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of Their Labour without Interruption — But by the running 
the Line for a Divisional Line between this Province and 
the Province of New Hampshire, said Township was taken 
into the Latter — Soon after This, there came a number of 
Men and laid Claime to the same Land, Alledging it was a 
Township granted by the Province of New Hampshire to 
Them by the Name of Bow. — And fi-om thence forward 
Sues for the Land, and so worried the Massachusetts 
Grantees and Their Assigns from Time to Time in Law, 
That they found Themselves obliged, either to leave Their 
Possessions or buy Them — And being in such an unhappy 
Situation, They knew not well what to do. Some bought 
the Lands They had Subdu'd & lived upon, but Others, who 
would not buy, were Intirely ousted of Theirs. So that 
upon the whole, the Massachusetts Grant has been Obliged 
( by the Laws in Hampshire ) to give way to the Hampshire 
Grant, and the Township (by that means) wholly Lost to 
Those of the original Grantees who never Sold Their Rights, 
and in a great Measure to Those who Settled therein by Pur- 
chase. Some of the Latter having had some Considerations 
from those of the Original Grantees of whom They Purchas'd 
Their Lands, They did not wholly Loose Theirs, but as the 
Considerations They Rec"^ were much Short of the Damages 
They Sustain'd, They were greater Loosers than Those were 
that they Purchas'd of — But in Fact both are Loosers, so 
there is become more than one Sufferer on one & the Same 
of many of the Rights in said lost Township — wherefore 
your Petitioners, who are some of the immediate Sufferers 
by said Loss take Leave to Pray, That in Lieu of said Town- 
ship, your Excellency & Honours would be Pleas'd to grant 
a Tract of Wilderness Land belonging to the Province 
Sufficient for a Township, to Such of the original Grantees 
of said Township as are Living, To the Heirs of such of 
Them as are Dead and to Those who Settled therein by Pur- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



205 



chase, So that the same may be Shar'd among all the Loosers, 
in Proportion to the Damages They have Respectively Sus- 
tain'd ; with Liberty to lay it out to the Eastward of Saco 
River, adjoining to the Northwardly part of the Township, 
granted to Benjamin Mullikin Esq"" and others. 

And as in Duty bound Prays 
Noah Johnson Thomas Ilarwood 
James Whitney John Lovewell 
Francies Doyne John Knox 
Joseph Baker David Abbot 
John Whittemore Andrew Bunten 
Benjamin Hall David Lovejoy 



Patrick Gait 
Andrew Gait 
Ephriam Blunt 
Moses Foster 
Benjamin Holt 
Abiel Austin 

Thomas Barnard 
Edward Barnard 



John Chamberlin 
Richard Eastman 
Joseph Brown 
Samuel Abbot 
Moses Tyler 
Robert White 
Caleb Lovejoy 
Sam" M'^Connell 
Robert Moore 
David Chandler 



James Cuningham 

Ephraim foster 

John Man 

Nathanael Holt 

Benj'^ Stevens Jun'' William Ayer 

Zebediah Austin 

) Heirs of Rev** M"^ Barnard late 
{ Andover 



of 



Deposition of Benj^'' Holt 1773. 

I the Deponant aged Sixty four Years Testify & Say That 
I was the Lawful owner of the Substance of three Rights in 
the Township at Suncook which was granted to Cap* John 
Lovewell & others — That I Settled upon a Tract of my 
said Land, and have lived in said Township about thirty nine 
years, and have been knowing to and have been a large Suf- 
ferer in the I^osH of said 'J'ownship, which has been recovered 
& Uiken from the Inhabitants who Settled therein under the 
Government of tlie MasHaeliusetts-Bay, by a number of Per- 
sons, who Claim'd the greatest Part of it by virtue of a grant 



206 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

( as They said ) from the Government of New-Hampshire for 
a Township by the name of Bow — By the Proprietors of the 
Mason Patent and by the Proprietors of the Township of 
Chester. That I know of no Compensation being ever made 
to the Sufferers for that Loss, by the Government of Massa- 
chusetts-Bay or New-Hampshire, Except Ross Wyman, who 
( as I have heard ) has had a Grant of some land from the 
Government of the Massachusetts-Bay in lieu of his Loss — 
Also That the Bow-Proprietors gave ( as I have been told ) 
the Late Rev'' M^ Whittemore fifty acres of the Land He 
was Settled upon, and to one Francis Doyne twenty acres 
He was Settled on in s*^ lost Township — And as for my 
Self besides the loss of my Lands I have been put to greater 
Expence than I can readly tell having been Ejected out of 
two Tracts of Land by two Actions which were continued in 

the Law for about fifteen years. 

Benjamin Holt 

York ss. Fryeburg Octo'^ 23'' AD 1Y73 the above named 
Benj'^ Holt Personally appeared and made Solemn Oath 
to the Truth of the foregoing Deposition by Him Sub- 
scribed 

Before me J Frye Jus* Peace 

Gov'' Hutchinson to Lord Dartmouth. 

Boston 26"' October 1773 My Lord, 

I could not obtain the Report of the Attorney and Solicitor 
General in 1731 until I had finished my Letter of the 16"' to 
your Lordship ; I have since met with it & perceive that it 
makes a distinction between a Country possessed merely by 
Conquest and a Country yielded by Treaty, & Supposes the 
Country between Kennebeck & Nova Scotia to fall under the 
first part of the distinction. I observed to your Lordship 
that I had no right from my Knowledge of the Civil Law, 
which has never been my profession to be positive upon any 



OF THE MAINE OF STATE 207 

point. I had always received it that whenever Lands which 
had been lost by Conquest though ceded upon a Treaty were 
recovered by the CrowTi or State which had lost them, the 
subject also recovered his private property. I have heard 
that the French many years after the Cession of St. Christo- 
pher's, & the Spaniards also after the Cession of Jamaica, 
made it their practice to devise the Estates they had formerly 
possessed in those Islands respectively. This must have 
been upon the principle of Jus Post Hminii after the Country 
had been given up by Treaty. I recollect, on the other Hand, 
that the Duke of York had a Grant of what is now New 
York in 1664 & kept possession until 1673 when it was 
recovered by the Dutch. It was soon after restored or ceded 
to England by Treaty. The Duke thereupon took a new 
Grant which looks as if there was then some doubt of this 
doctrine of Postliminii in general, for in that Case there was 
no more than a Suspension of property only & not what the 
Report of the Attorney & Solicitor General caUs an Extin- 
guishment the Country never having been ceded to the 
Dutch by Treaty. I have supposed the Duke might take 
this new Grant Ex Abundanti & to remove all Exception or 
Cavil. 

If 1 have been mistaken in my Notions of Postliminii & 
the yielding up a Country by Treaty extinguishes the Right 
wliicli the Suljject had in it, the Massachusets can have no 
just chiim to the Country East of Penobscot, for tliougli tlic. 
Charter is of a later date than the Treaty of Breda yet it is 
of an earlier date than tlie Treaty of Ryswick when all that 
had been before ceded l)y the Treaty of lireda was again 
ceded or restored. This however will not effect the Country 
West of Penobscot because it was never ceded by Treaty, 
nor lias ever been in possession of any Europeans except the 
English. 

I am &c. 'Iho" llulchinson. 



208 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Deposition. 1774- 

the Deposition of Cap* Joseph Baker and John Knox all 
of Lawful Age Testifyeth and Saith that they have Lived 
upwards of thirty years in a place formerly Called Suncook 
which was Granted to Cap* Lowells men by the Grate and 
Genereal Court of the Massetuchetts Bay — and further 
Saith that the township So Granted has fell into the Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire and is Intirely taken away from the 
Settlers and Grantees aforesaid, by the title of New Hamp- 
shire and that they have Been obliged to Purtches of them 
at their own Price in order to Secure their Emprovements, 
and further Saith that they have not Rec'^ any Satisfaction 
from the Court of Either of the Said Provinces for the Loss 
of said Township Exept the Court has made some Retaleya- 
tion to Ross Wyman one of the Grantees — 
and further adds that they have Expended Severeal thou- 
sands of Pounds in the Law in order to Defend said town- 
ship. 

Joseph Baker 

David Lovejoy 
John Knox 
Province of Newhamp'" Rockingham ss Penicooke January 
8"' 1774 the Subscribers Joseph Baker David Lovejoy 
& John Knox all appeared & INIade a solemn oath to the 
truth of the above Deposition 

Coram Jn" Bryent Jus* Peace 



Province of the Massachusetts Bay — Cumberland ss — Fal- 
mouth Jan. 18"^ 1774 — 
To his Excellency Thomas Hutchinson Esq^ Cap* General 
& Governor in Chief in and over his Majestys Province of 
the Massachusetts-Bay The Honourable his Majestys Council, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 209 

and House of Representatives in General Court assembled 
The Memorial of Samuel Freeman of Falmouth aforesaid 
Merchant, humbly sets forth That in the Year 1764 this 
Court granted a Township of Land near Mount Desert, to 
one Ebenezer Thorndike and others, That the Grantees of 
said Township have been impower'd to hold Meetings as 
Proprietors, and have employed Persons to run out the same 
&c — and thereby incurr'd some considerable Charge, to pay 
which they have assess'd the several Rights in said Town- 
ship, chose proper Officers to collect the same, but the Pro- 
prietors not having obtained the Kings Approbation of said 
Grant, they have not been able to collect the Monies so 
assess'd and the Persons to whom the Proprietors are in debt 
want their Money and one of them lately brought an Action 
against, and recovered Judgment and Execution, which 
Execution was put into the hands of an Officer, who there- 
with arrested your Memorialist, and though your Memorialist 
has a considerable Sum himself due from the said Propri- 
etors, he was obliged to settle the same or go to Goal, which 
your Memorialist looks upon to be extreme hard and unequal 
— and their can never be an End of Lawsuits in this Way, 
for your Memorialist may also sue the Proprietors and upon 
recovering Judgment, may levy Execution on the former 
Plaintiff, being a Proprietor or any other, and they again 
may do the same, and so continue to the End of Time — 
Wherefore, your Memorialist, humbly prays, that this 
Honourable Court would take the Premises into their mature 
Consideration, and j)rovide some remedy for your Memorial- 
ist, that he as well as the other Creditors of the said Propri- 
ety may recover of the several Grantees tlieir proportion of 
the several demands due from the said Propi-ietors in such a 
manner as shall i)ut an end to said Demands, either to dis- 
train or sue the several Proprietors aforesaid for their pro- 
portion as aforesaid, or by any other way or means relieve 

U 



210 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

your Memorialist as Your Excellency and Honours shall, in 
your great Wisdom think proper — And your Memorialist as 
in Duty bound shall ever pray 

Sam^ Freeman 

Indorsed 

Saml Freemans petition 
Jany 18*" 1Y74 
Feb. 14, 1774 read & com^ Coll Leonard 

M"^ Freeman of Eastham 

Cap. Herrick 

May 2 1774 

refer** till next Session 



Petition of Tf"^ Elder 177 If 

To his Excellency Thomas Hutchinson Esq"^ Cap* General 
& Governour in Chief in and over his majesties Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay in New England the Hon''''' his 
Majesties Council and House of Representatives in General 
Court Assembled 

The Petition of William Elder of Windham in the County 
of Cumberland Humbly sheweth that he was in the year one 
thousand seven hundred and seventy one chosen Assessor, 
with William Coft'erin and William Knights for said Wind- 
ham, the Papers Relative to the taking a Valuation of the 
Estates in said Town, Came very late to hand and one of the 
Assessors viz : W" Knights having contracted for procuring 
a Number of large mast for his Majesties Navy was detained 
in pursuit thereof for a long time in the Woods, in all which 
time he never knew of the said Papers being Come to hand 
both which Cases Occationed a delay of taking said Valua- 
tion, and when they the Assessors entred upon the affair of 
valuation, and the Town Clerk living Remote and no Justice 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 211 

in the Town and they strangers to the Duty of their Office 
(as might well be expected from a New Plantation but 
lately incorporated ) and they observing that they were sub- 
ject to a fine of fifty pounds if they did not return the Valu- 
ation att or before a Certain Day Rashly took the Valuation 
of said Windham before they the Assessors had taken the 
Oath prescribed by Law, which two of them soon after did 
viz Your Petitioner and W" Cofferin. 

That altho there never has been any objection or exception 
taken against the Valuation, as Partial, unjust or unequall 
either by any one individual. Town, or Province, since it was 
taken, notwithstanding one Caleb Grashom of said Windham 
either from malice, ill nature, or Averice, or some other 
motive brot his Action for the forty pounds Penaty and at 
the Superiour Court recovered Judgment, for said forty 
pounds Anno 1773 and your Petitioner Moved that the exe- 
cution might not be issued for the whole, but for the Moiety, 
belonging to the Proprietor, that your Petitioner might lay 
his case before the General Court, as to the other Moiety for 
their Consideration, Your Petitioners Circumstances are but 
low, his interest in the world but small and has found that 
the paying the prosecutor his half of the Penalty has very 
much distressed him, and if he is finally oblidged to pay the 
other half to the Province, it will just Compleat his ruin and 
absorb all his interest. Your Petitioner therefore. Humbly 
prays that your Excellency and lion* would take your Peti- 
tioners Case ( which ^ truly Pitiable ) under your wise Con- 
sideration, and remit, release and discharge your Petitioner- 
tlie payment of the Moiety Due to the Province, and your 
Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever pray 

Windham January 25, 1774 William Elder 

In the House of Representatives Feb'' 10*^^ 1774 — 
On the Petition of William Elder Shewing that he w«a8 
Chosen one of the Assessors for the year 1771 for the town 



212 DOCUlSrENTARY HISTORY 

of Windham in the County of Cumberland, and that there 
was an act made & Passed the same year by the Grate & 
General Court of this Province Intitled an act for Inquiring 
Into the ratable Estate of this Province and among other 
things it was Enacted that the assessors of Each town should 
take a list of the poles & Estates & before they Entred upon 
said bisness they should be first sworn to the faithfull Dis- 
charge of their Trust under the penalty of forty Pounds fine 
one moiety for the Informer or he or them that should sue 
for the same & the other moiety for the use of the Province 
and it appearing to the Court tlmt the Petitioner Did 
( Simplely & not with a wicked Intent & Desire to Cheat or 
Defraud ) assist in taking the list of Valuation for said town 
before he was Sworn & thereb}'^ Incured the Penalty in said 
act, and that one Caleb Grasham of said Windham has since 
brought his action against the Petitioner for the fine afores** 
& at the Superiour Court at Falmouth in the year 1773 
recovered a Judgment against the Petitioner for the recovery 
of forty Pounds the Penalty afores*^. But the Petitioner 
has not yet paid the moiety or half part of said fine belong- 
ing to the province 

Therefore Resolved That the moiety or half part of said 
fine or forfeiture accruing to the Province thereby, be & 
hereby is remitted to the said W^illiam Elder &, that he be 
wholly Discharged therefrom. 

Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk"^ 

In Council Feb^ 10"> 1774 — Read & Concurred 

Jn** Cotton D. Secry 
Consented to T Hutchinson 

Petition of Timothy Walker JanV 26 177 Jf 

To His Excellency Thomas Hutchinson Esq"" Captain 

General & Governor of the Province of the Massachusetts 

Bay — 

To the Honorable His Majesty's Council and House of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 213 

Representatives of said Province in General Court assembled 
Boston Jany 26, 1774 

The Petition of Timothy Walker Jun"" on behalf of himself 
and Associates humbly sheweth 

That They and their Ancestors in the Year 1725 for a 
valuable Consideration purchased a Township of a little 
more than Seven Miles Square of this Goverment at a Place 
then called Pennicook afterwards Rumford on Merrimack 
River. That not at all doubting the Authority of this Gov- 
erment to make the said Grant, the Grantees, notwithstand- 
ing the extream difficulty & Cost of effecting a settlement so 
far up in the Indian Country at that Time, yet so vigorously 
applied themselves thereto, that in the year 1733, — conse- 
quent upon y* Report of a Committee sent by them to view 
the same, the then General Court of this Province declared 
that the Grantees had to full satisfaction fulfilled the Terms 
of their Grant & incorporated them by the Name of Rum- 
ford, That by the determination of the Boundary Line 
between this Province and that of New Hampshire by his 
late Majesty in the Year 1740 the said Townships fell near 
Forty Miles to the Northward of the dividing Line, That 
about the _ 1749 a Society under a Grant from the Province 
of New Hampshire began to molest us in our Possssions and 
sued us in several Actions of Ejectment and always recov- 
ered against us in the Courts of New Hampshire. In this 
distressed State of our Affairs we applied to this Goverment 
to enable us to lay our Case before his Majesty by Way of 
Appeal, Tliat by virtue of several Grants from this Gover- 
ment amounting in the whole to about the original purchase 
Consideration together with simple Interest for the same 
and also by much larger Sums raised amongst Ourselves we 
have been enabled to prosecute two Api)eal3 to liis Majesty, 
and altho' in each we obtained a reversal of the Judgment 
that stood against us here, yet the Royal Order extending in 



214 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

express Terms no farther than the Land sued for, the 
advantage fell far short of the Expence, And our Adversa- 
ries went on troubling us with new suits. Thus exhausted 
and seeing no end of our Troubles, we have been reduced to 
the necessity of repurchasing our Township of our Adversa- 
ries at a Rate far exceeding its Value in its rude State, That 
we have been at considerable expence in taking a View of a 
Tract of Land on Ammoroscoggin River on the Easterly side 
of Fullers Town ( so called ) which we apprehend would 
answer for a Township. We therefore Humljly Pray That 
your Excellency & Honours would be pleased so far to pity 
our hard Case as to make us a Grant of a Township at the 
said Place to be on each side of Ammoroscoggin River of 
equal extent with that formerly granted us by this Province 
on such reasonable Terms as you shall think proper. And 
your Petitioners shall as in Duty bound ever pray 

Timothy Walker Jun'' 
in behalf of himself & Associates 

In the House of Representatives Feb'' 3, 1774 
Whereas it hath been represented to this Court by Timo- 
thy Walker Jun"" in behalf of himself and Associates that in 
the Year 1725 they purchased of this Province a Township 
of Land of Seven Miles square, which by the runing of the 
Line between this Goverment & New Hampshire in the Year 
1740 was cut off to that Goverment, by which means the 
Original Purchasers have been vexed with many expensive 
Lawsuits, and at last were oblidged to purchase the same 
Lands of Claimers under New Hampshire, Having enquired 
into the Matter, this Court find that the Facts set forth in 
said Petition are true ; and that the Cost of defending their 
Title at the Court of Great Brittain have exceeded the 
Grants made to them by this Government to enable them to 
carry on the prosecution there. 
Therefore 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 215 

Resolved that there be granted to the Original Proprietors 
of the Township granted by this Province by the Name of 
Pennicook their Heirs or Assigns, who were Sufferers by 
said Township falling into New Hampshire a Township of 
Seven Miles Square to be laid out in regular Form on both 
sides of Amoscoggin River and easterly of and Adjoining to 
Fullers Town ( so called ) 

otherwise Sudbury Canada laid out to Josiah Richardson 
Esq'' & others Provided the Grantees within Six Years Settle 
Thirty Families in said Township and lay out one full Share 
to the first settled Minister, one full Share for the Ministry 
and one full Share for the School and one full Share for 
Harvard CoUedge and provided the Petitioner within one 
Year return a Plan thereof taken by a Surveyor & Cliainmen 
under Oath unto the Secretary's Office to be accepted and 
confirmed by the General Court. 

And in Order that Justice may be done to the Sufferers it 
is further resolved That M"^ Webster and CoP Gerrish with 
such as the Honourable Board shall join be a Committee to 
repair to the said Township of Pennicook, who shall there 
enquire into and make out a List of the Sufferers, and that 
they return a List for Confirmation to the General Assembly, 
and that said Committee give suitable notice of the Time of 
their Meeting by Publishing an advertisement in the Essex 
Gazette and in one of the Portsmouth News Papers tliree 
Weeks successively. Two Months before the Time of their 
Meeting, That any Person claiming Right to the Grant afore- 
said may appear and lay in tlieir Claim. 

Sent up for Concurrence T Cushiug Spk"" 

Li Council V(i\}^ 3'', 1774. Read & Concurred & Samuel 

Phillips lOsfj"^ is joined in IIk; vMliiir 

Jn" Cotton 1). Secry 

Consented to 'J' Jlutchinsou 



216 DUOCMENTAEY HISTORY 

Petition of Inha¥^ of Freetown^ 177 Jf. 

To Lis Excelency Thomas Hutchinson Esq"" Captain Gen- 
eral and commander in Cheif in and over his Majestys Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay in New England To the 
Honourable his Majestys council and the Honourable House 
of Representatives of said Province in Generall Court 
Assembled January 26*^ A: D: 1774. 

The Inhabitants of a New plantation in the County of Lin- 
coln in said Province Called Freetown and Jeremi Squora 
Island Humbly Sheweth that your Petitioners consist of 
more Than one Hundred Familays have long Laboured 
under the Disadvantage of being unincorporated by which 
we are deprived of many Blessings of civil Society, being 
destitute of the Power of Settleing a Gospel Minister of 
Jesus Christ and Of chusing a school Master and of Raising 
Taxes for their Support and Likewise the Assesing the Prov- 
ince & County Rates And of Laying out Roads for the Benifit 
of said Plantation all which is to the great Disadvantage of 
the Inhabitants of said Plantation and Whereas your Humble 
Petitioners have Raizd a Frame for a Meeting house for the 
further Promoting of the Gospel and are very desirous to 
Settle a Minister of the Gospel among us Your Petitioners 
humbly Pray your Excellency and Honours to take this our 
Petition into your wise consideration and that The Said Dis- 
trest Plantation Bounding Northerly on new Castle Easterly 
on the Town of Boothbay Southerly on the Cross river So 
called and Westerly on Sheepscott River mount Sweeg bay 
So as to include Jeremi Squom Island the said New Planta- 
tion Being about Seven miles in Length and five in Breadth 
May be Incorporated into a Town, and be invested with all 
The rights and priviledges Belonging or appertaining to an 
Incorporated Town agreable to the Royall charter and the 
Severall Acts of the Province Relative to Towns Incorpor- 



OF THE STATE OF IVLA.INE 



21T 



ated And your Humble Petitioners as in Duty Bound will 
ever Pray &c 
Petitioners 
Moses Davis 
Solomon Baker 
John Chase 
Isac Clifford 
John Leeman 
Nathan Gove 
Joseph Richards 
Zachariah Dodge 



Willam Cliford 
Jonatlian Allbee 
Solomon Trask 
Nathaniel Leeman 
William CUftord 
Nathnael Winslow 
James Allen 



John Cuningham 
David Trask 
Ebenezer Gove 
Henery Leeman 
Solomon Gove 
Joshua Cross 
Thomas Hinge 
Stephen jNIerrill 
James Moore 
James Chase 
Asa Gove 



Jonathan Moore 
Willam Cuningham Thomes Ross 
John Patrick Noar Colby 

Simon Morrill Sam^^ Hiron 
Jonathan Hutchings George Canfield Huff Samuel Wilber 
Regies Colby John Johnson Joseph Mery 

Nathan Webster Daniel Webster Joseph BroA^ai 

Daniel Gardner Simon Pearl Daniel Glover 

Hubbard Stevens Bengimand Laythan Caleb Cross 
Wilham Cross Noah Cross Samuel Trask Jun"" 

Joseph Trask Samuel Trask Benjamin Allbee 



Petition of Joseph Joaselyn. 1774- 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay To His Excellency 

Tho* Hutchinson Esq"" Cap*^ General & Governor in 

Chiefe over said Province to the Hon''''' his Majestys 

Council & House of Representatives in (ieneral Court 

Assembled January the 20^'' 1774 — 

The Petition of Joseph Josselyn of Hanover in the County 

of Plymouth Es(|'' Ihinibly Sheweth that there was a Grant 

of a Township made by the Great & General Court in June 

A D. 17o2 To Benjamin Smith and Others for Services Done 

in the Naraganset Indian War, — whicli 'J'ownship was laid 



218 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

out on Merrimack River in the year 1733, and Commonly 
called N° 5. Your Petitioner having Purchased of the Heirs 
of Benjamin Bates one of the Soldiers in that War his Right 
which was afterwards laid out . in said Township to your 
Petitioner who has been at Considerable trouble and Cost 
from Time t6 Time in Bringing on the Settlement agreable 
to the terms of said Grant — 

But after Some Years, upon Runing the Line Between 
this Province and that of New Hampshire, the whole of said 
Township was taken into that Province, and Your Petitioner 
was thereby deprived & Excluded from all Property and 
Benefit of his said Lands. — 

Wherefore He Prays your Excellency and Honours to take 
this his Case into your Wise and Compassionate Consideration 
and in your Wisdom and Goodness make him Such a Grant 
of Some unappropriated Lands of this Province as shall 
appear to you Just & Reasonable or Otherwise Reheve him 
in this Case as to you Seems meet. — 

And as in Duty bound Shall Ever Pray 

Joseph Josselyn 

In the House of Representatives March 3, 1774 
Resolved that there be granted to the Petitioner Joseph 
Josselyn his heirs & Assigns forever a Tract of Land of four 
hundred Acres to the Eastward of Saco River adjoining to 
some former Grant in lieu of and in full Satisfaction for the 
land taken from him as Mentioned in this Petition, Provided 
it does not Interfere with any former Grant & that the 
Petitioner return a Plan thereof to this Court taken by a 
Surveyor & chainmen under Oath within Twelve Months for 
their Confirmation 

Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk' 

In Council Mar. 3*^ 1774 Read & Concurred 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

Consented to T Hutchinson 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 219 

Resolve. 

In the House of Representatives February 5*'^ 1774 
On the Petition of Noah Johnson & others Representing 
that the Government formerly Granted to the Heirs of Cap* 
John Lovewell & to the Heirs of those men that fell with 
him in the Engagement at Pigwacket & to those that were 
with him in s'^ Engagement & others, a Tract of Land at 
Suncook, who lield the Same & made Large Improvements 
thereon, But by the Running the Line between this Govern- 
ment & New Hapshire the s*^ Township fell within the 
Latter, and tlie Proprietors thereby have lost the Benefit of 
s^ Grant, and praying that they may have a Grant of Land 
in Compensation for their Loss Therefore Resolved that in 
Lieu of s*^ Township there be Granted a Township of Land 
of tlie Contents of Seven Miles Square on the Easterly side 
of Saco River & Adjoyning to a Township Granted to Benja- 
min MuUiken Esq'' & others To such of the Original Grantees 
of s'^ Township as are Living to the Heirs of them that are 
Dead & to such of the Settlers in s'^ Township as have been 
Sufferers by the s'^ Townships falling into New Hampshire 
who have not had their Loss made up to them. — Provided 
that the Grantees within Six years Settle thirty families 
thereon, Build a meeting House and Settle a Learned 
Protestant Minister, and lay out one Sixty fourtli part 
thereof for the first Settled Minister, One Sixty fourth part 
for the Ministry, One Sixty fourth part for the School and 
one Sixty fourtli part for Llarvard Colledge & Return a Plan 
of s'' Township into the Secretaries olhce witliin twelve 
months for Confirmation — 

And that Justice may be Done among tlie Claimers for a 
Compensation for their Loss in s'' Township Resolved That 
Coll (ierrish and M' Websl<;r with such as the lion'''" Board 
Shall Joyn be a ('oiii"''' at the ('hargc; of tin; (iiantces to 
Repair to the s'' Sunco(jk and hear the Claimers it Determine 



220 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

who shall be Admitted Grantees in s'^ Township, make out a 
List of their Names and their respective Shares & Lodge the 
Same in the Secretaries office within Ten Months for Confir- 
mation of the General Court, and the s*^ Com*®^ shall Give 
notice of the Time of their meeting by Advertiseing the same 
in the Boston Gazette, in the Essex Gazette & New Hamp- 
shire News paper three weeks Successively two months 
before the Time of their meeting that all Persons may have 
opportunity to bring in their Claims — 

Sent up for Concurrence T. Gushing Spk'' 

In Council Feb^ 5"^ 1774— Read & Concurred, and 
Samuel Phillips Esq"" is joined — 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

Consented to T Hutchinson 



Petition of Sam^ Whittemore ^ Amos Lawrence. 177 J^. 

To his Excelency Thomas Hutchinson Esq' Cap General 
and Commander in Cheif in & over his majesties province of 
the Massachusetts Bay and to the Hon^^ his majesties Coun- 
cel & House of Representitives in Gen^ Court assembled at 
Boston Feby 1774 — The memorial of Sam^^ Whitemore 
and Amos Lawrence in behalf of themselves & others Hum^^^ 
Sheweth That they Petitioned the Grate & General Court 
praying for a Grant of land in Lieu of a TowTiship Granted 
to Cap John Flint & Company which Township fell into 
New Hamsheir by the late runing of the Province line which 
Petition was Committed to a Commetee who Duly Examined 
into the reason of the same and reported ( on the last Day of 
the Courts Setting in June last) that in Lieu of said lost 
Township there be Granted to the Prop''^ the original 
Grantees of said lost Township their heirs and assigns a 
township of the Contents of Seven miles Square on the East 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 221 

Side of the Soco river Provided they Settle thirty families in 
said To\vnship within Six years & lay out one Sixty fourth 
part for the use of the first settled minister one sixty fourth 
part for the ministry one sixty fourth part for the Gramer 
School & one Sixty fourth part for the use of Harvard Col- 
lege & take a plan thereof by a Surveyor & Chainmen under 
oath & return the same into tlie Secreta^ office in one year — 
which report was Excepted by the House and sent up to the 
Hon'"' Board for their Coneurance. But the Hon^'^ Board 
Did not Cuncur- the Vote of the House — and your memo- 
rialed have Been Informed the reason Given was because the 
Court was Just ariseing & that there was not then time, and 
by Some means or other the Petition & report is lost — 
Wherefore your memori'* in behalf of themselves & the other 
Prop""^ pi'ay your Excelency & Hon""^ would be pleased to 
take their Case into your wise Consideration & make them a 
Grant Simeler to the above mentioned report and your 
memori^^ in Duty Bound shall Ever pray 

Sam^ Whittemore 
Amos Lawrence 

In the House of Representitives Feb^ 8 : 1774 
on the Petition of Sam'' Whitemore & Amos Lawrence in 
behalf of themselves & others prop''' of a Township Granted 
to Cap John Flint & Company of the Contents of Six miles 
Square, praying for a Grant of land in Lieu of said Town- 
ship which fell within the Province of New Hamsheir u[)()ii 
the late runing of the Province line, and it appearing to this 
Court that the Petitioners have Expended nuich Labour & 
money in Clearing roads bringing forward the Settlement of 
said township & have been tliereby Grate Sufferers for which 
the (Jrantecs liav(! liad no (consideration from this Province 
or the Provijicc of N(;w Hamsheir — 

1'herefore resolved that in Lieu tliereof there l)e Granted 
to the oridginal Prop"^" & Grantees their legal representitives 



222 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

heirs or assigns a township of the Contents of Seven miles 
Square Provided the Grantees Settle thirty famihes in said 
township within Six years & lay out one Sixty fourth part 
for the use of the ministry one Sixty fourth part for the first 
settled minister one sixty fourth part for the use of the 
Gramer School & one Sixty fourth part for the use of Har- 
vard College Provided also that said Township be layd out 
in that part of the unappropriated lands belonging to this 
Province on the Eastward of Saco river adjoyning to some 
former Grant ( Except the Tract of land Petition- for by 
Suncook prop"^® & return a plan taken by a Surveyor and 
Chainmen under oath into the Secretarys office within one 
year for Confermation — 

Sent up for Concurrence T Cushing Spk"^ 

In Council Feb^ 8"^ 1774 Read & Concurred 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

Consented to T Hutchinson 



Henry Young Brown 1774 

To the Hon''^" House of Representatives 

A State of Facts respecting the Petition of Henry Young 
Brown February 8, 1774, — as follows Vi// — 

In January 1764 the General Court made him a Grant of 
a Township to be laid out on Saco River above Coll" Fryes 
Township, to lay it out according to order. — 

In June 1764 he returned a plan that was accepted and 
the land confirmed to him his heirs and Assigns forever he 
then Gave bond for Two Hundred pounds as a consideration 
for said Township, as also a Bond to perform the Settlement 
of the Town, he immediately proceeded to lott out the Town, 
made Roads & settled Twelve Families in one year. — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 223 

In October 1765 he informed the Court tliat New Hamp- 
shire Claimed the Greatest part of the Town, they then 
looked into a report of the Hon''"' Benj'"" Lincoln Esq"^ and 
others who were sent by the Court to view tlie foundation of 
the dispute between the two Governments, and on the first 
day of November they Ordered him to keep his possession 
and go on with his Improvements and Settlement and prom- 
ised him relief if he met with any difficulty in consequence 
of this Order : He was prevented from making advantageous 
terms with the Grantees under New Hampshire, as also with 
his own Settlers 

In June 1766, the Court further Ordered him to prosecute 
any that Entered under the Grant of New Hampshire, and 
defend himself and Settlers against New Hampshire Claim, 
at the Expence of the Government 

He attended Strictly to their orders, lay his Accoinits before 
the Court from time to time and received his pay. 

On the Twelfth of June 1769 He received Ninety five 
pounds in full Satisfaction for the Ballance of his Account 
for the Expences of Law Suits agreeable to the order of 
June 1766, as will appear by said Resolve of Court of 12"^ 
of June 1769: Tlicre was then a Committee appointed to 
proceed to Pigwackett, and Take a View of what had been 
done by him and Settlers, the Conmiittee Reported in April 
1770; Their Report was rejected. Another Committee was 
appointed to take the matter into consideration, they reported 
for said Brown to have Eleven Thousand Acres of land 
whicli was tlie same Quantity he lost, and that to be consid- 
ered in fidl Satisfaction for all Damages lie had or might sus- 
tain, the licport was (tl)jc('tcd to by him as insuflicicnt to 
make liiiii whole for the following reasons. l***^ For (hat lie 
was pitjventcd by the order of tiit; (Jc-neral Court of Novem- 
1)61' l*"^ 1765 from making advantageous Terms with the 
Grantees under New Hampshire, and thereby have saved his 



224 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Expences of lapng out his Town and Lotting out the same, 
and for making Roads and geting his Settlers. 

2"^^y by said order he was prevented from setthng with his 
own Settlers, who offered him advantageous Terms, he being 
subject to Damages by the Deeds he had Given, 
And o'^^y That the Land proposed for him was not half so 
good as his first Grant. The Major part of the Committee 
supposed that he would not be subject to Damages by his 
Deeds to his Settlers, but rather make a great Saving, and 
that the Land proposed for him w^as as good as his first 
Grant, by that means he humbly conceives they were led to 
make such report as Induced the House to pass the Resolve 
of April 1770. Since that his Settlers have recovered sun- 
cUy large sums against him which he has been obhged to pay. 

He has now settled the whole dispute and is able to make 
it appear that the former order of Court was founded on 
some mistakes that he never received one penny out of the 
Treasury but what he accounted for to the Court, agreable 
to the Order of June 1766, and had no reference to what he 
now asks allowance for, which is founded on an order of 
Court of first of November 1765. 

He has not only, in a great measure lost the laying out his 
first Town, loting the same. Clearing Roads, getting on his 
settlers which every Gentleman acquainted with New Towns 
must know is attended with great Expence, as also the Dam- 
ages recovered against him by his Settlers. But he has also 
been prevented from making proper Advantages of his Land 
that did not fall within New Hampshire Claim, by a Claim 
under Major Phillips 

All which he humbly submits to the consideration of your 

Honors. 

Henry Young Brown 

The evidence to support the Facts, that do not depend on 
the Records of the Court, and within the knowledge of some 
of the Members, are ready to be offer'd when called for. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 225 

I pray it may be kept in View that all the money I Rec*^ 
out of the Treasury was for Service performed in consiquence 
of an order of the General Court June 1766 and has been 
accounted for. 

Court of Appeals Octo"^ Term 1770 

Henry Young Brown Appellant 

Sam' Osgood & al. Appellees 

Judgment for the Appellees to recover dam^ 180 — 

Costs 24.10 — 

Att^ Geo : King D Sec^ 

Entry of the Action 4.10 — 

Copy of the Case 2. 9. 6 



This may certify whom it may concern. That I the sub- 
scriber with others being in search of a Township of Land to 
the Eastward of Saco River — View*^ a Tract of Land 
between Bridgeton & the River aforesaid, but found it to be 
Generally so Broken a Tract, as rendered it of but Little 
Value for a Township therefore rejected it ; and made a 
Different Pitch — 

Boston Feby 10"> 1774— Alex^ Shepard Jun-" 

Newton 



Account Allowed. 

In the H<juse of Representatives Feb^ 16, 1774 

'J'he Account of Rev'' Benjamhi Stevens, Isaac Lyman and 
Simiucl Liiiigdon a Committee appointed by the Gen' Court 
to Employ iMissionaries for the Eastern parts of the Province 
being presented for Allowance it Appt-ai-ing that the said 
Account is Just and Reasonable and that they had expended 

15 



226 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Sum of Seventy pounds four sliillings and seven pence 
half penny part of the sum of Eighty pounds Granted for 
that purpose, 

Resolved that the Same be allowed And that the said 
Committee be further accountable for the Sum of Nine 
pounds fifteen shillings and four pence half penny yet 
Remaining in theh- hands. 

Sent up for Concurrence T. Cushing Spk'' 

In Council Feb^ 16^^ 1774. Read & Concurred — 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

Consented to T. Hutchinson 



Act of Incorporation 177 If. 

Anno Regni Regis Georgii Tertii Decimo Quarto 

An Act for incorporating a Plantation called Freetown & 
Jeremy Squam Island, into a Town by the name of 

Whereas the Inhabitants of a new Plantation commonly 
called Freetown and Jeremy Squam Island in the County of 
Lincoln, have represented to this Court the great difficulties 
they labour under in their present situation, and have ear- 
nestly requested that they may be incorporated into a Town- 
ship ; — 

Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and House of 
Representatives, that the Tract of Land including Jeremy 
Squam Island, bounding Northerly on New Castle, Easterly 
on the Town of Boothbay, Southerly on the cross River, so 
called. And Westerly on Sheepscott River, and Mount Sweeg 
Bay, so as to include said Island, be and hereby is Erected 
into a Town by the name of And that the Inhabi- 

tants thereof be, and hereby are invested with all the powers, 
priviledges and immunities, which the Inhabitants of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 227 

Towns within this Province respectively do, or by Law 
ought to enjoy. 

And be it further enacted, That Thomas Rice of Pownal- 
borough in the said County of Lincohi Esquire, be and 
hereby is empowered to issue his Warrant directed to some 
principal Inhabitant in said Township, to warn the Inhab- 
itants of said Township to meet at such time and place as he 
shall therein set forth, to choose all such Officers as shall be 
necessary to manage the affairs of said Town, at which said 
first meeting all the then present Male Inhabitants arrived to 
twenty one years of age shall be admitted to Vote — 

In the House Representatives Feb^ 14, 1774 
Read a first time 
Feb^ 15 Read Second Time 

Feb^ 16 Read a Third time & passed to be Engrossed 
Sent up for Concurrence T Cushing Spk"^ 

In Council Feb^ 16^ 1774 Read a fust Time 

I7th Read a second time & passed to be Engrossed, 
with the Amendments at A. & B Y'v/} dele Glynborough — 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

In the House of Representatives Feb. 26 1774 

Read & Concurred T Cushing Spk"^ 



III the House of Representatives Fel/ 24, 1774 
On the Petition of John Gardner & others in Behalf of 
themselves & others Proprietors of a Township of the Con- 
tents of six Miles square granted to John Whitman Esq 
And ollici's called Number Six in the Line of Towns ])t,'l\veen 
Merrimack & Connecticutt Rivers Wliereas it appears that 
the Proprietors of said Township Expended much Labour & 
Money in making Roads & otherways bringing forward the 



228 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Settlement of said Township and that the whole of the said 
Township fell within the Limits of New-Hampshire on the 
Tuning the Line between this Government & the said Gov- 
ernment of New-Hampshire for which the Grantees have 
received no Consideration from this Province or the said 
Province of New-Hampshire 

Therefore Resolved that in Lieu thereof there be granted 
to the Proprietors & legal Representatives or Assigns of the 
Original Grantees who were Sufferers by losing tlieir Lands 
A Township of seven miles square in the unappropriated 
Lands belonging to this Province provided the Grantees 
Settle thirty Families on said Township within Six years 
And lay out one Sixty fourth Part for tlie Use of the Minis- 
try one sixty fourth Part for the first Settled Minister & one 
sixty fourth Part for the grammar school And one Sixty 
fourth Part for the use of Harvard Colledge provided also 
that said Township be laid out adjoining to some former 
Grant in that Part of the unappropriated Lands belonging to 
this Province lying Eastward of Saco River and Coll Whit- 
comb & Cap* Gardner of Cambridge with such as the Hon^^ 
Board may Join be A Comittee to determine who are to be 
admitted as Proprietors in said Township & if any of the 
Grantees of said Township Number Six shall appear to have 
been hertofore compensated that said Committee shall admit 
other sufferers in their stead the Expence of the said Com- 
mittee to be paid by the Grantees provided also that the said 
Proprietors Return a Plan taken by a Surveyor and Chain- 
men under Oath into the Secretarys Office within one year 
for Confirmation 

Sent up for Concurrence T Gushing Spk' 

In Council Feb^ 24*»' 1774 Read & Concurred & Arte- 

mas Ward Esq'' is joined — 

Jn° Cotton D Secry 

Consented to T Hutchinson 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 229 

Petition of John G-ardner ^ others 177 Ij. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay To His Excellency 
Thomas Hutchinson Esq"" Captain General & Com- 
mander in chief in & over s*^ Province 
To the Honourable His majesties Council & To the Hon- 
ourable House of Representatives in general Court assembled 
February 26"^ 1774 

The Petition of the Subscriber- in behalf of ourselves and 
others Grantees of the Township Number Six in the Line of 
Towns humbly Sheweth 

That the Great & General Court of this Province at their 
Session A D 1735 Granted a Township of the Contents of 
Six Miles square being Number six In the Line of Towns 
between Connecticut & Merrimack Rivers that the Grantees 
were at very considerable Expence in clearing Roads Build- 
ings Mills &c on said Township, that by the late runing of 
the Line Between this Government tfe the Government of 
New-Hampshire the said Township was taken into the said 
Government of New-Hampshire, & your Pet" and their 
Associates have lost their whole Interest therin together with 
the Money Expended in bringing forward the Settlement of 
said Township 

Your Petitioners theifore most humbly request that your 
Excellency & Honours would in your known wisdom & 
Justis Grant to your Petitioner- & the other (irantees and 
Proprietors of s"* Townsliip Number Six in Lieu thereof a 
Township in some of the unappropriated Land in the East- 
ward Part of this Province or otherwise Relive your Petition- 
ers as your Excellency & Hon" In your Wisdom sliall tliink 
propel- ikj yoiii' TVttitioncrK us in Duty bound shall ever pray 

John (iardner 
Stephen Maynard 
Seth Rice 



230 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Report. 

The Committee of both Houses on the Petition of Seth 
Sweetser & others, belonging to the Company or Propriety 
owning Lands known by the Name of Pemaquid Lands, And 
the Answer of Thomas Drowne, Agent for Several of the 
Proprietors, In Answer thereto, have attended the service ; 
And the said Agent having been fully satisfied by the 
Petitioners, and having declared, that he has now no remain- 
ing Objections — the Committee report — That the Payer of 
said Petition be granted, and that the Proceedings of the 
said Company or Propriety relative to, and at their Several 
Meetings be ratified and Confirmed & declared to be valid, 
to all Intents & Purposes in the Law ; any Informality in 
their Proceedings, relative to, Or at said Meetings Notwith- 
standing 

which is submitted 

James Pitts 
g order 

In Council Mar. 1^' 1774 — Kead & accepted, & ordered 
that the Prayer of the Pet" be granted, & that the Proceed- 
ings of the Pemaquid Company so called relative to & at 
their several Meetings, be & hereby are ratified & confirmed, 
to all Intents & purposes in the Law ; any Informality in 
their Proceedings relative to, or at said Meetings notwith- 
standing — 

Sent down for Concurrence Jn'^ Cotton D. Secry 

In the House of Representatives March 1, 1774 

Kead & Concurred T Cushing Spk' 

Consented to T Hutchinson 

Boston March 3-^ 1774 
I the Subcriber Certify that upon condition I may have the 
advantage of the fifty pounds Propos'd in your report and a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 231 

confirmation of the Eleven thousand acres of land therein 
mentioned I promis and Engage to Give the Goverment a 
full Discharge from any further demands respecting the laud 
. •»> in dispute between Warrins & Bryents lines : Also from all 
• demands Respecting all Law suits which has or may arise in 
Consequence of said disputed line. 

Test Henry Young Brown 



Petition of John Brown cf others 1774- 

To his Excellency Thomas Gage Esq'^ Cap' genneral Gov- 
ernor & Commander in chief in and over his Majesties Prov- 
ince of The Massachusetts Bay in New England and To the 
Honnourable y® Council and house of Representatives Con- 
veen*^ at Boston 

Whereas a Certain Number of People Purchased a Certain 
Tract of Land of the Hiers of Brigadier Waldow Said Land 
Lying on the Westerly Side of Penobscut Bay and is Incor- 
porated into a Town By the Name of Belfast and Whereas 
s** Purchasers Entered into an Obligatory Bond To make an 
Immediate Settlement Upon the said Land and s** Bond Not 
Being Authentick, the one half of said Purchasers Declines 
Settlement Which renders us the Inhabitants unable To 
Carry on In the Form of a Town Being Neither in a Capac- 
ity To maintain a gospel Minister To Build a Meeting house 
To have the Priveledge of Schools Neither to Repair roads 
and to Build Bridges &c — And Tlierefore we think Our 
Circumstances in a Worse Condition than they were Before 
our Incorporation — and Whereas a Party of The Nonresi- 
denters Insisted Upon the Incorporation of said Town and 
wanted us the Inliabitunts to Sign with Them which we 
Itefused to Do until] they Came to an Aggreement to have 
the Land Taxed which they Assented too and then We the 



232 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Inhabitants Signed with Them — And Now we are Incor- 
porated in the Common Form Which Renders it Disaggree- 
able to the Inhabitants and Contrary to the Prayer of our 
former petition Which gives us Reason to Think that Our 
Circumstances and Abbilities Relateing to the Settlement of 
the phice Was Not Rightly Represented — 

Therefore We your Humble Petitioners Begs that your 
Excellency & Honnours Would Be pleased to Considder the 
Difficulties of our Case at present — and Further Begs if it 
might please your Excellency & Honnours for to pass an 
Act For to Tax all the unsettled Lands in said Town and 
To Invest Us Who are the Inhabitants of said Town with 
Full Power and Authoritie To Sell as much of the Delin- 
quents Land at Publick Vendue as shall Pay their Taxes In 
equal proportion to Defray all Necessary Charges from Time 
to time. And if your Excellency & Honnours Would Think 
it Proper to Lay a Tax upon the Land By the Acre we have 
thought that Two pence p'^ Acre Lawfull is as Little as we 
Think will Do yearly For some Term of years Or as Long as 
your Honnours Think Proper — 

And we Who are your Humble Petitioners who are in 
Duty Bound Will Ever Pray 

Belfast May y« 16"^ 1774 John Brown 

James Gilmore John Tuffts David Hemphill 

John Tufft John Barnet William Nickles 

James Patterson Benj" Nesmith James Murray 

James Miller Tolforcl Durham John Durham 

Nathaniel Patterson William Patterson David Glimor 
John Davidson Sam" Houston Alex'^'' Clark 

William Petterson 

Mesolve. 

In the House of Representatives June 11, 1774 

Resolved that the Petitioners Notify the Propriators of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 233 

the Lands in the Town of Belfast with a Copy of this Peti- 
tion By Inserting the Substance thereof in Two of the Bos- 
ton News papers Three Weeks Successively and also by 
Serveing the Clerk of said Propriaty with a Copy of s*^ Peti- 
tion & this order forty Days before the Next Siting of the 
General Court, that they shew Cause ( if any they have ) on 
the Second Wednesday of the next Sitting thereof why the 
Prayer thereof should not be granted. 

Sent up for Concurrence T Cashing Spk'' 

In Council June 14"' 1774 — Piead and Concurred — 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

Booihhay Petition. 177 If 

To His Excellency Thomas Gage Esquire Captain General 
and Governor in Chief in and over his Majesty's Province of 
Massachusetts Bay in New England 

^Fo the Honorable his Majestys Council, and To the Hon- 
orable the House of Representatives of said Province, in 
General Court assembled. 

""I'he Petition of the subscribers chosen selectmen of the 
town of Boothbay in the County of Lincoln in said Province 
for the year of our Lord one thousand seven liundred and 
seventy four. 

Most humbly sheweth 

That agreeable to the directions of the Royal Charter, the 
town of Boothbay held their anniversary meeting for tlie 
choice of town officers for the current year, at tlie Meeting 
house in said town, on the seventh day of Marcli last, and 
then and there did publicly elect sucli officers as the law 
directs, and pass such otlicr votes for \\w. internal iiffjiiis of 
the town as were authorized b}' the; Warrant by virtue of 
which said meeting had l)cen called ; ;nid adjoiiinod to the 
tliirtetii day of 



234 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

But before the said appointed meeting by Adjournment, it 
was discovered that, by an inadvertency of the constable, th e 
certificate required by law to be returned by him on the back 
of the March warrant was omitted ; and this omission hav- 
ing, thro' hurry of business, escaped the notice of the Mod- 
erator & Clerk at said Meeting, the whole transactions of the 
town at said Meeting were finished under this circumstance 
of illegality ; and so are apprehended to be null & void, and 
it being then impossible legally to call another Meeting in 
the Month of March for remedying that mistake, the town is 
thereby deprived of the powers & privileges of a corporation, 
and all the public business of the year remains at a stand, 
therefore 

Your Petitioners, having been chosen Select-men of said 
town for the present year, judge it incumbent on them to 
take necessary steps to have this inconvenience removed as 
speedily as possible ; and therefore pray your Excellency & 
Honors, that, as early in your present session as may be, An 
act of the Great & General Court may pass, restoring us to 
the forfeited privileges of a town, and empowering some 
such person as you shall think proper to issue a warrant for 
calling a town meeting for the choice of the necessary 
officers of the present year, and for transacting anew the 
whole business contamed in the said March warrant: and 
your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray. 

Dated at Boothbay WilHam McCobb 

June S'^ 1774 Patrick M^Kown 

John Beath 

Resolve. 

In the House of Representatives June 15 1774 
Resolved that the prayer of the Petition (of William 
M'^Cobb and others in behalf of the Town of Boothbay in the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 235 

County of Lincon ) be granted and that the Select Men for 
the year 1773 or the Major part of them, be and hereby are 
authorized and required to issue out their Warrant Directed 
to one of the Constables of said Town for the year 1773 
Requiring him to warn the Freeholders and other Inhabitants 
Qualified according to law to vote in Town affairs to meet 
together at such time and place ( in said Town ) as shall be 
expressed in said warrant to chuse such officers as Towns by 
law are Authorised to Chuse in the Month of March 
Anually — 

Sent up for Concurrence T Cushing Spk'' 

In Council June 15*^^ 1774 Read & Concurred 

Jn° (Cotton D. Secry 

Consented to Tho* Gage 



At a Meeting held in Buxton June 20, 1774. 

The Inhabitants being duly assembled & Tho* Bradbury 
J'' being Chosen Moderator to regulate said meeting, the 
Town chose Capt Jn° Elder & Capt. Jn'^ Lane & Mess" Sam- 
uel Hovey, Jn° Nason & Sam' Merrill to be a Committee to 
draw up some Resolves in Behalf of the Town, & in Concur- 
rence with the Committees of Correspondence in Boston, & 
with all the Friends of american Liberty in the Several 
Enlish american Colonies .... In order to Shew that 
we heartily join with them in abiding by the Constitutional 
Rights of America. The Town passed the following 
Resolves 

Resolved 1*' That Self Preservation is the lirst Law of 
Nature And y* Taxation whout Repreeentiition is subversful 
of our Liberties 

2. Whereas An Act has been passed in the britisli Parlia- 
ment for blocking up the Harbour of Boston till such Time 
as an unreasonable Demand is C/omplled with — 



236 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

resolved y' we Deem this as an Attack upon Us which tends 
utterly to destroy our civil Liberties — For the same Power 
may at Pleasure destroy the Trade And Shut up the Harbors 
of any other Colonies in Their Turne And thus bring on a 
total End to our Liberties & Privileges 

3. resolved y* this Town approoves of the Constitutional 
Exertions & Struggles made by the Several Colonies of 
Enlish America for the Prevention of so dread a Catastrophe 
as will follow Taxation whout Representation — And y* we 
are, & always will be ready in eV'ery Constitutional way to 
give all Assistance in our Power to prevent So dire a 
Calamity. 

4. resolved y* a Dread of being enslaved ourselves, & tans- 
mitting the Chains to our Posterity is the principal Induce- 
ment to these measures. 

6. resolved y* this Town return their Sincere Thanks to all 
The Friends of America, And to the Town of Boston in Par- 
ticular who have always nobly exerted themselves in the 
Cause of Liberty. 

Voted that the Town Clerk transmit a true Copy of these 
Resolves to the Committee of Correspondence in Boston 
The above is a true Copy attestatur 

John Nason [»Town Clerk 



Bond. 

Know all men by these presents that We Dummer Sewall 
of Georgetown in the County of Lincoln Gentleman and Jor- 
dan Parker of said Georgetown Yeoman are holden & stand 
firmly bound unto the Provincial Congress now setting for 
the Province of Massachusetts Bay or to their Successors or 
any person that shall be appointed by the People for the head 
of the Province aforesaid, in the sum of two thousand pounds 



OF THE STATE OF MAENE 237 

to be paid to the said Congress or their successors as afore- 
said to which payment v(e\l & truly to be made we bind our 
selves our heirs Executors &, Administrators firmly hy these 
presents Sealed with our seals Dated the fourth day of May 
Anno Domini seventeen hundred & seventy five. 

The Condition of the above obligation is such that Whereas 
Edward Parry Esq'' has been taken by, & now is in Custody 
of, Coll*"^ Samuel Thompson as a suspected Enemy to the 
rights of America Now if the above bounden Dummer & 
Jordan shall keep the said Edward in safe Custody till he 
shall be released by order of the Provincial Congress & that 
the said Edward shall not either by himself or any for or 
under him, remove the masts spars booms boards & now lay- 
ing in the mast dock in said Georgetown & shall not write 
to any of the officers of the Army or Navy for protection or 
against the Country then the above obligation to be void 
otherwise to be in force — 
Test Dum"" Sewall Seal. 

Jn° Wood Jordan Parker Seal. 

Jn° Hobby 



Damariscotta Resolves, (j-e. March 6, 1775. 

March the G^" in the year 1775 
Then tlic Inhabitance of a place Cauled Damiscota being 
witlioute llic Ijounds of Eany Townsliip in the County of 
]jncf)ln mett to (iather to Consider of the Distresed state 
and Condishon of North americk under the present Reign 
which are so notorous to ous that we should be glad never 
to liear of them again. 

we liave pased these Resouls 

1 that wee will abide l)y the Douings of the grate and 
genereal Congres of North Americk from iii-st to last 



238 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

2 Resouled to obey all orders that shall be given oute 

from our provinchal Congres 
3'y Resouled to Stand with our brearthen the Suns of 
Liberty in the Defence of Rights and Libertys against 
all tiranical doings let it Com from what quarter it will 
at tlie hazzard of our Estats and Lives. 
4^y Chose a Committee to Lispect Import and Export 

according to the order of the Congres 
5^y Chose three officers and Inlisted a Company the same 
Day 

a trew Coppy attested by the Committee 
this to be communicated to 
the Provincial Congress 

Anthony Chapman 
Thomas Flint 
Nathan Chapman 



Letter from J. Brown March 29, 1775. 

Montreal March 29"^ 1775 
Gentlemen 

Lnmediately after the Reception of your Letters & Pam- 
phlets, I went to Albany to find the State of the Lakes and 
established a Correspondence with Docf^ Joseph Young. I 
found the lakes impassable at that time — 

About a Fortnight after I set out for Canada and arived 
at S' Johns in 14 days having undergone most inconceivable 
hardships the Lake Champlain being very high, the small 
streems Rivers, and a great Part of the Country for Twenty 
Miles each Side the Lake especially toward Canada under 
Water; the Lake Champlain was partly open & partly cov- 
ered with Dangerous Ice, which breaking loose for Miles in 
length eaugh [off] our Coast drove us ag* an Island and frose 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 239 

US in for 2 Days after which we were glad to foot it on Land — 
I deliverd your Letters to Mess. Tho^ Walker & Blake 
and was very Kindly rece'd by the Committee of Correspond- 
ence at Montreal, from whom I received the following State 
of Affairs in the Province of Quebec. Gov' Carleton is no 
g' Pollition, a Man of a Souer morose Temper, a Strong 
Friend to Administration, and the late Acts of the British 
Parliament, which respect America, perticularly the Quebec 
Bill, has restrained the Liberty of the Press that nothing can 
be printed with* examination & Licence Applycation has 
been made to him for printing the Address from the Conti- 
nential Congress and a refusal obtain'd. All the Troops in 
this Province are ordered to hold themselves in readiness for 
Boston on the Shortest Notice, 4 or 5 hundred Snowshoes 
are prepared for what use they know not — M"" Walker has 
wrote you about three Weeks Since, and has been very 
explicit, he informs you that two Regular Oflficers Lciut* 
have gone of in disguise, supposed to be gone to Boston, & 
to make wliat discovery they can through the Country — 
I have the pleasure and satisfaction to inform you that 
through the industor}' and exertions of our Friends in Can- 
ada our Enemies are not at present able to raise Ten Men 
for Administration. The Weapons that have been used by 
our Friends to thwart the constant endeavours of the Friends 
of Government ( so called ) have been chiefly in Terrorem. 
The Frencli People are (as a Body extremely ignorant, and 
Bigotted The CurS or Priests having almost the intire gov- 
ernment of their Temporals as well as Spirituals — in Lap- 
crare a Small Village al)out 9 Miles from Montreal, I gave 
my Landldid (a Rfjiiian Paddc ) a Letter of address, and 
llicic being Four Curas in the Villanc pi'a3'ing over (he Dead 
liody of an old Frier, tlu^ l*ain[)hl('t was soon handed then), 
who sent a Messengei to purchase Scveial - I made them a 
Present of each of them one, and was desired to wait on 



240 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

them in the Nunnery with the holy Sisters, they appeared to 
have no Disposition unfriendly toward the Colinies but chose 
rather to stand nuter — 

Two Men from the N. Hampshire Grants accompanied me 
over the Lakes the one was an old Indian hunter acquainted 
with the S* Franceway Indians and their Language, the other 
was a captive many years among the Caughnawaga Indians 
which is the Principal of all the Canadian Six Nation and 
western Tribes of Indians, whom I sent to inquire and Search 
out any intreigues carrying on among them, these Men have 
this Minute returned and Report that they were very kindly 
received by the Caughnawaga Indians, with whom they tar- 
ried several Days : the Indians say they have been repeetedly 
applyed to and requested to Join with the Kings Troops to 
fight Boston, but have peremptorily refused, and still intend 
to refuse, they are a very Sinsible Polliticke People and say 
that if they are obliged for their own safety to take up arms 
on either side that they shall take part on the Side of their 
Brethern the English in N. England ; all the Chiefs of the 
Caughnawaga Tribe being of English extraction Captivated 
in their infancy— They have wrote a Friendly Letter to 
Col° Israel Putnam of Pompfret in Connecticutt in Conse- 
quence of a Letter which CoP Putnam sent them, in which 
Letter they give their Brother Putnam assurance of their 
Peaceable Desposition — Several French Gentlemen from 
Montreal have paid the Governer a Visit and offered him 
their Service as officers to raise a Canadian Army and join 
the King's Troops, the Gov"" told them he could get Officers 
in plenty but the difficulty consisted in raising Soldiers. 

There is no prospect of Canada sending Delegates to the 
Continental Congress ; the Difficulty consists in this, Should 
the English Join in the non importation agreem* the French 
would immediately monopolize the Indian Trade — the French 
in Canada are a set of People that know no other way of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 241 

Procuring Wealth and honor but by becoming Court Syco- 
phants, and as the introduction of the French Laws will 
make room for the French Gentr}^ they are very thick about 
the Governer — You may depend that should any movement 
be made among the French to Join ag' the Colonies your 
Friends here will give the Shortest Notice possible and the 
Indians od their part have ingaged to do the same, so that 
you have no reason to expect to be surprised with* Notice, 
should the worst Event take place — 

I have established a Channel of Corrispondence through 
the N. Hampshire Grants which may be depended on. IVf 
Walker's Letter comes by the hands of M"" Jeffries once of 
Boston, now on his Way thither which together with this is 
a full Account of Affairs here — I shall tarry here some 
time — but shall not go to Quebec as there are a Number of 
their Committee here — 

One thing I must mention to be kept as a profound Secret, 
the Fort at Tyconderogo must be seised as soon as possible 
should hostilities be committed by the Kings Troops. The 
People on N. Hampshire Grants have ingaged to do this 
Business and in my opinion they are the most proper Persons 
for this Jobb. this will effectually curb this Province, and 
all the Troops that may be sent here — 

As the Messenger to carry' this Letter has been waiting 
some time with impatience must conclude by Subscribing 
myself Gentlemen your most Obed*^ humble Serv' 

J Brown 
To Mess 

Sam' Adams ) Cofnittee of Correspondence 

Doct' Jo" Warren &"" / in Boston 

I am lliis Minute informed that M"" (-arleton lins ordered 
tliat IK) wheat go out of the liivcr uiitill furllicr Order, the 
I)csi'ni is 0])vious — 



16 



242 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Boston april the 6*'^ 1775 

I have let Fort Hallifax with all the land adjoining to it 
to m'' Ephraim Ballard the Bearer of this I ask your Coun- 
tenance, favour and advice to him and that you will Intro- 
duce him into the premissis and give him all other assistance 
in your power which will oblige your very humble Servant 

Signed Silvester Gardiner 
To Docf^ John M'^Leeline 
at Fort Hallifax 
per M^ Ballard 

Letter from the Selectmen of Falmouth. April 26, 1775. 

Falmouth April 26"' 1775 
Genf^ 

At this Alarming and Dangerous Time, we find our Stock 
of Powder, greatly deficient, therefore have sent some Money 
by the Bearers to purchase where they can find it, and if they 
cant find any this Side Cambridge, have desired them to wait 
upon You for Advice, presuming that you can direct them 
where it may be had. 

We rely on Your Conduct, under God, in our Righteous 
Cause, for Deliverance from our present Calamities, and are. 
Gentlemen 

Your Most Obed' hum^ Serv** 

Enoch Freeman"^ 
Benf Mussey ! Selectmen 
John Brackett [ of 
William Owen j Falmouth 

Post* the Bearers are Capt''^ Joseph M'Lellan & Cap* Joseph 

Noyes , 

Superscribed 

To the Committee of Safety near Boston 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 243 

Letter from H. Moivatt. 1775. 
[ To Edward Parry ? ] 

Canceaux Falmouth April 29 1775 
Sir 

I am just this moment informed that you are interrupted 
in your occupation by the misled people of the place where 
you are, I therefore think it incumbent on me as a Servant 
under the Crown, to warn those Infatuated people of the 
Consequences that will insue from the detaining or interfer- 
ing with you, or any other of his Majesties Loyal subjects in 
their lawful avocations. & I do by the same Authority 
authorize you to make known to me without loss of time 
your present Situation, & the Names of those that have pre- 
sumed to molest you. Should a reply to this Letter not 
appear by the time that I have a Right to expect it, I Shall 
Naturally Suppose that it has been interrupted, & you may 
depend, as soon as I know that to be the case, that assistance 
shall soon release you, or any other Subject whose treatment 
may furnish me with a just cause of Complaint. My best 
Compliments to M' Barnard I hope he is not in the same 
predicament with yourself please to acquaint him that I 
Received his Letter, & that I have been in hourly expecta- 
tions of seeing him for some days past I also hope to have 
the pleasure of Seeing you very soon. I am Sir 
Your most Obedient Humble Servant 

H: Mowat 

Letter of Samuel Thompson. 

I this niiiiLit have an opertunity to Iiifoniie you of the 
State of our aH'airs at the Eastward that w(! aio all Stantch 
for Count ys Iv\cej)t thr(!0 men and oni; of (hem is Deserted 
ihc other two is in loins — as for tlie vessels wliich iitteintd 
to Carrey Stuff to our enemies are Stop^ and I am about to 



244 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

move about two hundred of white pine masts and other Stuff 
got for our Enemies use Si'' having heard of the Cruiel 
murders they have dun in our Province makes tis more Rese- 
lute than ever and finding that the Sword is drawn first on 
their side that we shall be annimated with that noble Spirit 
that wise men ought to be untill our Just Rights and Libertys 
are Secured to us Si'' my heart is with everey tru Son of 
America tho my Person Can be in but one place at once, 
tho verey Soone I hope to be with you on the spot if aney of 
my Frinds enquier after me Informe them that I make it my 
whole business to persue those measurs Recomended by the 
Congresses, we being uppon the sea coast and in danger of 
Being invaded by Pirats as on the 27^^ of ins* there was a 
boat or barge Came in to our harbour and Rver and sound- 
ing as they went up the River Si'' as powder and guns is 
much wanted in this Eastern Parts and allso Provisions Pray 
Sir have your thoughts Somthing on this matter against I 
arive which will be as Soone as busness will admit Si'' I am 
with the greatest Regard to the Countrey at heart your 
Ready frind and Hum'^ Serv' 

Samuel Thompson 
Brunswick April y« 29*'^ 1775 



Letter from Brunswick. May 3*^ 1775. 

Brunswick May 3'' 1775 
Gentlemen 

We, whose Names are hereunto Subscribed Beg Liberty to 

Inform You of our Situation, as we are Chosen by this Town 

to Examine into the Circumstance of it, which we have done, 

and find the Town very Deficient as to Arms «& Amunition, 

and have Sent By Water to Salem, But have Just had Our 

Money Return'd Back Without Arms or Ammunition : at 

present we Have not More than one quarter of a pound of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 245 

powder to a man tlirougboiit the Town, nor more than one 
firelock To two Men ; and in this Defenceless State we are 
Obliged to Apply to You to Assist Our Trusty friend whom 
We have Sent Cap^ Nathaniel Larrybee : and as we think it 
Would Be Unsafe to Transport Powder by Water we have 
Ordered Him to Take Only one hundred weight and for him 
to Consult With you how and in What way it Would be 
Safest to Get Arms and more Powder Down To us. We 
Should Esteem it as A favour, to be informed from You, by 
way of Letter, Every Conveniant Oppertunity of Our Publick 
Affairs. We are. Gentlemen, Yours, Ever to Be Commanded 

Aaron Hinkley 
Benj* Stone 
Sam" Stand wood 
James Curtis 



Extracts from Letter of Hon. Enoch Freeman. May 5, 1775. 

Extract of a Letter from The lion''' Enoch Freeman dated 
Falmouth May 5, 1775 — 
"We have lately heard that the Penobscott Indians are 
highly exasparated at Cap' Goldthwaite for suffering the 
Tender to dismantle the Fort there, and carrying off' the 
Powder ; and Truck Trade stoped, as we are inform'd ; and 
that there was a Number of Men round about there, going to 
take Goldthwaite for delivering up tlie Fort, into tlieir Cus- 
tody, but what they intend to do with him 1 don't hear. 
Perliaps it would be prudent for tlie Congress to send down 
there, and secure the Indians in our Interest, by keeping the 
'i'liuk Tnuhi open, su^jplying tlieiii Powder, or any other 
Method in their Wisdom, upon mature (/onsideration they 
may think ])cst — A hint on this Head is cMiough" 



246 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

" The Selectmen of this Town have this moment agreed 
with one M"^ Jabez Matthews and one David Dinsmore of 
New Glocester to go over to Quebec to make Discovery, 
whether any Canadians are in motion to come on our back 
Settlements, or to excite the Indians to do it ; And I have 
wrote to M'' Remington Holby of Vassalborough, to procure 
one or two to go with them as Hunters ; And they are 
charged to be cautious not to let the Canadians have Reason 
so much as to suspect their Business, and they will depend 
on your endeavouring to get the Congress to order them 
adequate Satisfaction out of the Public Fund. If they dis- 
cover any evil Designs, we shall be glad to know it, that We 
may prepare accordingly for our Defence : If they find there 
is no Design upon us, it will be a great satisfaction to this 
Eastern Country — 

" I could write a good deal in favour of sending such an 
Embassy, but as my Time is almost wholly taken up on Pub- 
lic Matters, I have little Time to spare." 

Attest Sam^ Freeman 



In Provincial Congress — Watertown May 5"^ 1775 
On a motion made by Cap'^ M'^Cobb, That some measures 
might be taken to preserve a Number of large Masts, Plank 
&c now lying in Kennebeck River, and to prevent their being 
carried to Hallifax where they must be appropriated to the 
Injury of this Country — 

Order'd — That the Consideration thereof be refer'd to the 
Committee of Safety, and that Cap M'"Cobb be desired to 
attend the said Committee, and give them all the information 
He can relative thereto — 

A true extract from the minutes 

Sam> Freeman Secr^ P. T. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 247 

Letter from Bummer Sewall 1775. 

Georgetown May G"' 1775 
To the Honnorable Congress of the Province of the Mace- 
chusetts Bay, Gen^ — The Committees of Inspection of 
Georgetown Woolwich have Mett & Resolved that it was 
not Expediaut to moove the Masts lying in the Dock in 
Georgetown that Edward Perry Esq"^ had Contracted for, 
inasmuch as he Declared he would not Ship said Masts nor 
hew them — The Committee of Safety from two Towns in 
the County of Lincoln Met & Resolved that it was not Expe- 
diaut to Moove said Masts or Injury Edward Perry Esq'' — 
Notwithstanding CoP Thomson of Brunswick thought other- 
wise, and hath taken said Perry Prisoner, & Declared he 
would Moove tlie Masts or Destroy them, so that the said 
Perry was Obliged to get Bondsmen of two Thousand 
Pounds that he would not Depart Georgetown or Ship s*^ 
Masts by himself or any other or write to any officer in the 
Navy or Army till the Will & Pleasure of the Congress 
should be made known to Mess" Dum' Sewall & Jordan 
Parker who a_ Bound for s*^ Perry ; he the s** Col° Obliged 
the said Perry to pay 42/ Cost — I therefore Humbly Pray 
that your Will may be made knowTi to the said Dummer & 
Jorden, as soon as may be that the said Perry may be 
releieded & the Bondsmen Liberated their large Bonds — 
I am your llonnours Harty Freind & Humble Servent 

Dum"" Sewall 
Superscribed 

To the Ilonnourable President of Provintial Congress. 

Letter from Fdiv^ Parry. 1775. 

George 'I'own May 10'" 1775 
Sir 
I am very mucli obliged to you for your kind Letter ol' tlu; 



248 DOCUMENTARY HLSTOIIY 

29'^'' ult. g Lambert, which was interupted and demanded 
with my other Letters &c at Brunswick by Samuel Tliomp- 
son of that place and broke open, Copies of which have been 
industriously circulated thro' the Country by the cUfferent 
Committee men &c, several parts thereof being misconstrued 
or misunderstood by the illiterate — I should have answered 
your Letter sooner but did not know how to procure any 
safe conveyance — On the 4"' inst Thompson attended by a 
number of Armed Men to the Amount of Forty or upwards 
insisted on my being his Prisoner, and to go with him ; or 
give Bail Bond with two Securities in Penal Sum of ,£2000 
payable to the Provincial Congress, the condition of the Bond 
compelled to be given, is tliat I should be kept in safe Cus- 
tody by my Sureties, until released by the Congress — that I 
should not nor no one for or under me remove my Masts, 
Plank &c now here, nor write to any Officer of the Army or 
Navy for Protection, or against the Country — I prefer'd 
giving the Bond rather than to risk myself with them — A 
State of my Case has been sent to the Congress, who I hope 
will think it reasonable to release me ; but such is the unfor- 
tunate Temper of the Times, that I am Apprehensive I shall 
be unable to proceed with my Business and fulfill my Engage- 
ments for Halifax Yard for the present and I think it will be 
extremely hazardous for some time to attempt it unless affairs 
take a Sudden Turn 

I am with great Respect Sir your obhg^' & most obed* Hie 
Servant 

Edw*^ Parry 

M'' Bernard is also under Bond, and in the same Situation. 
There are some Reports spread here of an attempt to Sur- 
prize the Can^eaux 

To Henry Mowatt Esq' Commander of His Majesty's Ship 
the Can9eaux 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 249 

Letter from Udiv'' Parry. 1775 

George Town Kennebec May 10"' 1775 
William Tyng Esq' Dear Sir 

I reced your favor of the 29'^ April by Lambert which was 
intercepted by Thompson and broke open with my other Let- 
ters — I should have answered Cap* Mowats kind Letter, but 
did not know how to convey it sooner, I beg you will deliver 
him the inclosed — I suppose you have heard of my being in 
Thompson's Clutches The Letter to Cap* Mowat mentions 
the particulars — my best Complim** to M" Tyng & M""^ 
Ross &c — May God Send us peace and Good order again — 

I am with great Respect Dear Sir your oblig*^ & assured 
friend & humble serv* 

Edw^ Parry 

fav** by M'' Ayers of Portsm° 



George Town Kennebec River May 10*" 1775 

Sir 

I beg leave to lay before you that M'' Samuel Thompson of 

Brunswick one of the Delegates of your Congress has 

attended by about Forty or upwards of His Minute Men &c 

Armed, restrained me from following my lawful Occupation, 

and has detained me here, and compelled a Bond to be given 

the 4*" instant with two securities for me in the penal Sum 

of X 2,000 lawful money payable to you or the Heads of the 

Province for the time being that may be appointed by the 

People — The Condition of the Bond prevents me or any 

Person for or under me from removing certain Masts, Spars, 

Oak Plank &c that are now under my care in this River and 

procured for the Service of His Majesty's Navy — and tliat I 

should be kept in safe Custody here until I may be released 



250 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

by your Orders — he has also required that I shall not write 
to any Officer of the Army or Navy for Protection — He 
Grounds his pretences for these Violences to me by a Resolve 
of your Body (as he says) passed the beginning of April — 
The Subject matter of which as near as I can recollect is — 
" That Col° Samuel Thompson be appointed to notify certain 
" Towns in the Eastward, that one Perry was gone down 
" thither to Ship Masts, Plank &c for the Dock Yard at Nova 
" Scotia, and that he and they should use all possible and 
" effectual means to prevent the same being done." — 

And likewise the People &c I employ'd have been intimi- 
dated and influenced from carrying on their work to my great 
detriment by Persons who appear by their Conduct to place 
Reliance on your Approbation — I imagine you will not jus- 
tify but disavow these injurious proceedings — and I expect 
you will order without delay the Bond to be cancelled and 
myself released from my present confinement 

I am Sir your very humble Servant 

Edw"^ Parry 

To The President of the Delegates of the Province of the 
Massachusets Bay assembled in Congress at Concord 



Letter from Falmouth Comm^^ of Correspondence to The 
Provincial Congress May 14^ 1775. 

Falm'' 14^'^ May 1775 

Hon<^ Sir 

the Committee of Correspond'^^ in this Town beg leave to 
inform you that Some Time past we received Advice from 
George Town, that Col : Thompson was fitting Vessels there, 
with Design to attempt the taking the Kings Ship Canceaux 
stationed in this Harbour commanded by Cap* Mowatt, a 
Gentleman, whose Conduct since he has been here, has given 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 251 

no Grounds of Suspicion, he had any Design to distress or 
injure us ; but on the other hand, he has afforded his Assist- 
ance to sundry Vessels in Distress. As we thought such an 
Attempt had the Appearance of laying a Foundation for the 
Destruction of this Town, the Coniittee of Correspondence 
met & wrote to the Comittee of Correspondence of George 
Town desiring they would prevent their Coming ; we also 
wrote to Col : Thompson, desiring him to desist from such an 
attempt, as it would through the Town into the greatest Con- 
fusion imaginable : we sent an Express, & received his 
Answer, that he had dropt the Design of Coming — 

But, on Monday night [ May 10 ] he landed upwards of 
Sixty Men, on the Back side of a Neck of Land joyning to 
the Town, who came there in a Number of Boats, & lay 
undiscovered till about the middle of the Next Day ; at 
which Time, Cap* Mowatt, the Doctor of the Ship, & Parson 
Wiswall, were taking a Walk on said Neck, when a Detach- 
ment from Col : Thompson's Party rushed from their Con- 
cealment, surrounded the Gentlemen, & made them Prisoners, 
& conducted them to the Colonel, who was with the main 
Body, on the back Side of the Neck. Capt. Hog, who now 
commanded the Ship, immediately clapped Springs on his 
Cables. She laying within Musket Shott of the Towti, & 
swore if the Gentlemen were not Releas'd by Six o Clock, he 
would fire on the Town. He fired two Canon, & although 
there were no Shott in them, it frightened the Women & 
Children to such a Degree, that some crawled under wharfs ; 
some ran down Cellar, & some out of Town, Sucli a Shocking 
Scene was never presented to View here — llie (yentlemen 
who were in Custody, were conducted to a publick House 
Where Cap* Mowatt declared, if he was not released it would 
be the Destruction of the Town. Every Gentleman present 
used their Utmost Endeavours to accomodate the Matter. 
Col : Thompson consented that a Coinittee should be chose, 



252 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

consisting of Officers from his Party and Gentlemen from tlie 
Town, to consult in what manner the affair could be accoiTi- 
odated ; but, as it was late, the Coiuittee chose to defer the 
Consideration of it till next Morning. Cap* Mowatt then 
requested, he might go on Board his Ship that night & he 
would pawn his Word & Honour, he would return next 
Morning, at what Time, and at what place should be 
appointed. Coll. Thompson consented, provided Coll Free- 
man & Brigadier Preble, would pass their Words, that the 
several Gentlemen should return according to their Promise, 
& also pawn their Word & Honour, if the Gentlemen fail'd 
coming, that they would deliver themselves up, & stand by 
the Consequences, which was consented to. Cap*^ Mowatt 
not coming according to Promise, which w^as to have been at 
Nine o Clock the next Morning, the Sponsors appeared 
according to Promise, & were confined. Cap* Mowatt wrote 
to them, & let them know he had fully determined to have 
comply'd with his promise, but he had sent his man on Shoar 
to carry some dirty Linen to his washing Woman & to bring 
of some clean : that said man made Oath, that two of the 
Body under Arms, one of which, swore by all that was sacred, 
the moment he came on Shore he should have what was in 
his Piece, and the other, that he should never return on 
Board again wdth his Life : that two more of his men made 
Oath, they heard several of the Men under Arms say, the 
moment he came on Shore they would have his Life ; this 
was what he AATote to plead an Excuse for not complying 
with his promise. Coll. Thompson told the two Gentlemen 
under Confinement, that he must have some Provision & 
Refreshment for his Men, which they procured, to the 
Amount of thirteen or fourteen Pounds L Money ; on which 
they were dismised. — about ten o Clock, he sent an Account 
to them for Time & Expence, amounting to 158..18 L M. 
and gave them till next morning, nine o Clock, to return an 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 253 

Answer; which they did, in the Negative, he said he would 
have Satisfaction before he left Town. He then seized all 
the Goods he could find belonging to Cap* Coulson & W'" 
Tyng Esq. They also carried oft' one Boat belonging to 
Coulson, & one other to Cap* Mowatt; they also obliged 
Cap* Pote to furnish them with some Provision & a small 
Matter of Cash: they also brought one Man on his Knees, 
for speaking disrespectfully of the Coll. & his Men. Coll. 
Thompson, we doubt not, is a true Friend to his Country, & 
a Man of Courage & Resolution, but, as our Town lays so 
much exposed to the Navy, that, had he succeeded in his 
Attempt, ( which there was not the least Probability of ) it 
must have proved the Destruction of this Town & the Coun- 
try back, who are in the greatest Distress for want of Provi- 
sions. We have only related plain Facts, that the Honour- 
able Members of the Provincial Congress may not be imposed 
on with false Accounts, to whom Please to comunicate this 
Letter 

We are with Great Esteem Gent" Your Most Obed' Ilumb^ 

Serv*^ 

Jedidiah Preble Chairman 



Letter from Col. Jedidiah J*reMe to The Coynvf^ of Safety 
at Cambridge. May 16., 177i'). 

Falm" y*^ 15'" May 1775 
Honourable gentlemen 

These wait on you by Colont^l Phiniicy wlio l)rouglit all 
tlic Pajxis necessary for Inlisting a liegimciit in the County 
of ( 'iinibciliiiid, 1 advised with tlie Coiiimittce of ( 'oiicsjxiiid- 
ence, xslio are of opinion it would be diriicuU for our County 
Tf) spaie a Regiment to 1)(! moved out of tlic l*n»vin(c, of 
Maine, as we Lay nuich Exposed to the Navy l)y sea & the 



254 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Indians and frencli on our Back Settlements if they should 
be Employed against us, but Should be glad to do Every 
thing in our Power for the defence of our Just Rights and 
Dearer hberties, our men are Zealous in the cause of their 
Country, and ready to venture Every thing for the defence 
of it, Colonel March informs me your Honours had appointed 
him a Colonel and gave him orders to Raise a Regiment 
in this County, and to Appoint all his officers, this he 
Acquainted me with after I had Delivered Colonel Phinney 
the papers back again, which he brought to me, it is impossi- 
ble we can spare two Regiments out of this County, & they 
have both made Considerable Progress, am much afraid there 
will be some Difficulty in setthng the affair, I am persuaded 
the men in general would prefer Col" Phinney and so should 
I for that Reason, as I look on Colonel Phinney to be Equal 
To Colonel March in Every Respect — 

Should have done my self the Honour to have waited on 
you in person, but am still in a poor state of health, and so 
Exercised with the gout, that I Cannot ware my Shoes I 
purpose to visit the Camp When Ever I am able to undergo 
the fatigue of so long a Journey, I wish Courage and Con- 
duct in our officers. Resolution and a spirit of obedience in 
our soldiery, and a Speedy End of all our Troubles — I am 
your Honours most obedient Humble serv' 

Jedidiah Preble 



Letter to the Eastern Indians. May 15., 1775. 

In Provincial Congress Watertown May 15, 1775 
Friends & good Brothers 

We the Delegates of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, 
being come togeather in Congress to consider what may be 
best for you & ourselves, to get rid of the Slavery designed 



OF THE STATE OF RIAINE 255 

to be brought upon us have thought it our duty to write you 
the folowing Letter — 

Brothers, the great wickedness of such as shoukl be our 
friends but are our enemies, we mean the ministry of great 
Britain, have laid deep plots to take away our liberty & your 
hberty, they want to get all our money, make us pay it to 
them when they never earnt it, to make you & us their ser- 
vants & let us have nothing to eat, drink or ware but what 
they say we shall, and prevent us from having guns & pow- 
der to use and kill our Dear and wolves & other game, or to 
send to you for you to kill your game with and to get skins 
& fur to trade with us for what you want But we hope soon 
to be able to supply you with both guns & Powder of our 
own making. 

We have petitioned England for you & us and told them 
plainly, we want nothing but our own & dont want to hurt 
them, but they wont hear us and have sent over great Ships 
& their men with guns to make us give up and kill us, and 
have killed some of our men, but we have drove them back 
& beat them, & killed a great many of their men — The 
Englishmen of all the Colonies from Nova scotia to georgia 
have firmly resolved to stand togeather and oppose them : — 
our liberty & your liberty is the same, we are Brothers and 
what is for our good is for your good. And we by standing 
togeather shall make them wicked men afraid & overcome 
them and all be free men — Cap' Golthwait has given up 
Fort Pownall into the hands of our enemies. We are angry 
at it & we hear you are angry with him & we dont wonder 
at it — we want to know what you our good Brothers want 
from us of Cloathing or warlike stores & we will Supply you 
as fast as we can. we will do all for you we can & liglit to 
save you any time & hope none of your men or the huHans 
in Canada will join with our eneniicH. you may liav(! a great 
deal of good influence on them. — our good brothers tiic 



256 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Indians at Stockbriclge all join with us & some of their men 
have listed as Soldiers & we have given them that listed each 
one a Blankit & a Ribbond & they will be paid when they 
are from home in the Service and if any of you are willing to 
list we will do the same for you. — 

We have Sent Captain John Lane to you for that purpose 
and he will show you his orders for raising one Company of 
your men to join with us in the war with your & our Enemies. 

Brothers we humbly beseach that God who lives above, 
and that does what is right here below to be your friend & 
bless you to prevent the designs of those wicked men from 
hurting you or us. 

Brothers If you will let M"" John Prebble know what 
Things you Want He will take Care to inform us and we 
will do the best for you that we can. 

Passed 

Ord. to be authenticated & sent forward. 



Cambridge May 20"' 1775 
Hon^'" Gen> Prebble Sir 

This Committee received your favour of the 15"^ Instant, 
touching this Colony & note your Just Observations on the 
Subject — 

The Committee, after the Resolutions of the Congress for 
Establishing an Army of 13600 Men, thought the exigencies 
of the Times & the exposed Situation of the several Towns 
near Boston, made it absolutely necessary that the Army 
should be immediately raised, & that for the facilitating of 
this important Business it was Expedient that orders should 
be issued to such Men as are Recommended as proper per- 
sons for such important trusts. Accordingly, orders were 
issued to as many Col* as were sufficient to Complete said 
Army : but from the Delay which appeared in the Army's 



OF THE STATE OF MALNE 257 

being formed, by the slow progress made in the inlisting Men, 
& the Exposed Situation of the Colony Camp by the going 
off of numbers from time to time, it was rendered necessary, 
that further orders should be issued for completing the Army 
with all possible speed, & in consequence of that determena- 
tion, among others. Col. March received orders for the inlist- 
ing of a Regiment for the Service of this Colony, &, we 
understand, has made some considerable Progress in enlisting 
Men for said Service : We are also informed by your Honour 
that Col. Phinney has received enlisting Orders from j'ou, & 
has engaged in the Business of enlisting Men to complete a 
Regiment, and we are further Informed by your Honour that 
it is impracticable that two Regiments should be raised in the 
County of Cumberland, & being told by Col. Phinney, that 
many of the Men that would be raised in your County could 
not be supphed by the Town from which they are enlisted 
with fire Arms & Blankets, this Committee taking into Con- 
sideration the exposed Situation of your County & the prob- 
abihty of the Armys being Completed without drawing Men 
from those parts of the Colony whi(!li are more immediately 
exposed, would Recommend, Sir that you would use your 
influence that a stop be put to the raising any Men in your 
County until it may be known by the returns from the Sev- 
eral colonels authorized for the raising Regiments wether it 
may be necessary to take any Men from your County, and 
should this necessaty take place this Committee will endeavour 
to give your such early Intelligence as may be necessary. 
The Request of this Connnittee to your Honour, we Hatter 
ourselves will not be conceived by you as carrying in it the 
least disrespect to Col: March or Col: Pliiniiey, but solely 
from tlie probability of the Armys being Coni})lcat without 
taking Men from tliose parts of the Colony which arc more 
irimiediiitely exposed. We should be glad to see your Hon- 
our at Head Quarters, which we hope your limllli will soon 

17 



258 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

admit, & with you we Join in the hope of soon seeing a 
speedy end to the great Difficulties this distressed Colony 
now Labours under — We are, Sir with the great _ Respect, 
your Honors Humble Servants 

P, S. please to Inform the within mentioned Colonels of 
this determination y"^^ &c 

Letter from Ahiel Wood to the Comm'^^ for the County of 
Li7icoln. May 22^^ 1775. 

Pownalboro. May 22'^ 1775 
Gentlemen 

I am Informed you are to meet Tusday or wednsday and 
that there is Sum matters to be alledged against me I should 
- Don my Self the honour as to wated On you but am 
Obleaged to proceed to the Southward in my Sloop In order 
to Git In Sum Corn and Porke Before the first of July and 
One Days Delay may be attended with the Loss of my Vessell 
and Cargoe — 

You may be asured that I Ever have ben Determin'^ to 
Abide by the Result of the Continental! Congress and have 
Sufferd more then Three Hundred pounds Starling by Coun- 
termanding my order for Goods and Ships, it is true I Ever 
Disaproved of the Destruction of the Tea and maney Resolves 
of the provential Congress But I never had aney thing In 
harte but the Good of my Country and I am now Convinced 
that the Salvation of my Country Depends On Our Fermly 
Uniting and I am Determind to Stand by my Country so 
Long as I have Life and one Farthing of Interest In it. if it 
appears that I have Dun or Said aney thing unfrindly To the 
Country You Will I hope Impute it to Error In Judgment 
and not Designed and Over Look it and I shall make amends 
by my future Conduct — 

I am Very Respectfully Your Humble Se" 

Abiel Wood 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 259 

Boothbaj May 23-1 1775 
Sir 

Pursuant to the order of Congress, & in compliance with 
the request of the Committee of the County of Lincoln, we 
have the honor to inform you that the town of Boothbay has 
not beheld with indifference the important contest between 
tyranny & patriotism at this Memorable Era : firmly attached 
to the cause of this injured countr}^ which they cannot but 
consider as the cause of virtue — of religion — & of God, 
their heart & hand has been ever ready — devoted to its 
defence : 

Conscious of their obscurity & insignificance they have 
forborne taking any public part in the wise & laudable meas- 
ures so generally adopted for redress of grievances, which 
the soul of slavery alone could endure : — they have not 
however been negligent of the means in their power, of 
co-operating with their brethren, in conducting their internal 
police at home : — 

When the tea act took place they recorded some rational 
& spirited resolves, unanimously passed in town-meeting — 
suspended the use of tliat baneful herb — & all commerce 
with such as withdrew from the useful non-importation 
agreement. 

In July 1774 tliey generally adopted a non-consunnHion 
covenant, but little different from the printed formula & 
chearf'^' Ixnind tlieraselves to abide the results of the Conti- 
nental & provincial Congresses — in Marcli 1775 they drew 
up a number of resolves, in wliich a steady & persevering 
exertion of all their powers, in support of the measures 
directed by both tliose august bodies, was unanimously 
engaged : (Jommittees of Corresj)r)ndence & Inspection were 
api)ointed, & the town stipulated to support tlicm in the dis- 
charge of their trust at all hazards — & these (committees 
have sat f»n l)usines8 once every week since tlicii' appoinlincnt. ; 
& no infringement of the orders of (Jongress is sulTcicd within 



260 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

their bounds. — the officers of the Militia by request of the 
town, resigned their Commissions in March last — two Com- 
panies were erected, under officers then elected by the people : 
out of which, two Companies of minute-men have been since 
drawn : — our little force is under arras once a week — the 
Minute Companies often"" — & have made no inconsiderable 
improvements in the military exercises: — a guard of ten 
men is established in the several parts of the town — besides 
four appointed for centries at a public store resolved on : a 
plan for provision & defence has been concluded on, & voted : 
a Committee of Safety appointed : — & the delegate newly 
chosen to attend Congress, directed immediately to pay into 
the hands of Henry Gardner Esq'' receiver general 14X-6^-7'* 
lawf : being the total of their Province-tax for the year 1774 

They reflect with pain on their having paid the whole of 
the Province rates of the two foregoing years, to the public 
traitor formerly at the head of the treasury — but the recol- 
lection that it was done in April 1774 is some alleviation of 
this grief : — 

They have Voted to indemnify their Constables for col- 
lecting & paying whatever — town — county — or Province 
rates it may be necessary to raise during the unsettled state 
of this Colony — they are cordially disposed to lend their 
best aid to their distressed Countiy in all respects — & firmly 
determined to part with their liberties only at the price of 
their possessions & lives. 

We have the honor to be, with the greatest respect Sir, 
your most obedient & verj^ humble Servants 

the Committee of Correspond''*' 

Signed in bebalf, & p' order : John Beath S'ecr^ 
To m"" Dummer Sewal 
in behalf of the County Com^® 

Superscribed : 

On public Service To M'" Dummer Sewall In behalf of the 

County Committee at Georgetown 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 2G1 

Letter from Partridgefield to the Provincial Congress. 
May 27, 177o. 

To the Honourable the Provincial Congress held at Water- 
town 

Gentlemen : The Select Men of the Town of Partridge- 
field having Received a Message from the Provincial Con- 
gress Dated at Concord March y" 31** 1775 Requiring tlie 
Speedy Pa3-ment of Some Money to Henry Gardiner Esq' of 
Stow: They Immediately warned a Town Meeting : And the 
Inhabitants being Assembled and taking into Consideration 
the Present Circumstances of the Town : they Unanimously 
Voted : that Considering the Present Circumstances of the 
Town they were not Able to Pay the tax Required of them 
by the Provincial Congress : And Also Voted that the Town 
Clerk Should write to the Congress and give them Some 
Information Concerning the Present Circumstances of the 
Town. A Specimen of which is as follows Viz 

This Town is but New and but few People in it And the 
Generality of them Are People of Low Fortunes And it is 
not Long since we were at Great Expense ( for us ) in Setling 
A Minister in the Town. And as our farms are mostly New 
And our Land not Quick to Produce A Crop ; we are Obliged 
Every year to buy A Great Part of our Provision: And this 
Year Especially As the Blast and Vermin Destroyed A Great 
Part of our Grain the Last Year ; We have no Town Stock 
of Ammunition Nor Do we know how to Procure it. As all 
the money we Can Get nmst do to Purchase the Necessaries 
of Life. I Am Apt to think there is As many men (ione 
And going horn this town in Defence of tlui Liberties And 
Previliges of America As from Any Town in this Province 
if not more; According to the Number of People in this and 
the other Towns. And we would be As free with our money 
iis with our Men if we had it And Could Possibly Sparc it. 



2G2 DOCUMEJSTAKY HISTORY 

The taxes which the Great And General Court of this Prov- 
ince Was Pleased to Lay Upon this Town We Petitioned to 
be Releived of And not Altogether without Success And we 
hope the Congress will be Graciously Pleased to Excuse Us 
for not Complying witli their Requirments when it was not 
in our Power to do it 

Signed in the Name And in Behalf of the Town 
Partridgeheld May y^ 27^'' 1775 

Nathaniel Stowell Town Clerk 



Letter from W" Shirriff D. Q. M. G. 1776. 

Boston 29*" May 1775 
Dear Sir 

I have received your obliging favor, and return you many 
thankes for the trouble you have taken, and readiness you 
have shewn in giving your Assistance so Necessary at pres- 
ent for the good of the service. The Hay will be most 
Acceptable and I am in hopes Captain Princes Vessel has 
taken a part on Board As he promised me he should return 
immediately, and I will send you another one, as soon as pos- 
sible I shall want three or four Thousand Tons of Hay and 
I wish with all my heart poor Annapolis could furnish it — 
but all it can furnish I will take, and if they are Industrious 
they may get a great deal of Money for their Vegetables 
Poultry Butter Eggs &c. — And may come directly into 
this Port, without any expence whatever and will be sure to 
find every encouragement and Assistance that can be given 
them. On the Other hand if they give themselves Airs, and 
follow the Cursed example of these Mad Men they will Con- 
sider how easily Governm* can Chastise them, and they may 
rely upon it they will, and that immediately too — but I hope 
They will Consider Their Interests better and make all the 
Money they can. They never will have a fairer opportunity. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 263 

I have wrote to Mess" Day & Scott at Halifax respecting 
Forage, and have desired them to Consult with you about 
the Quantity that may be procured at Annapolis, as they are 
to furnish the Remainder from Windsor, & that Neighbour- 
hood. 

Procure Hay screws at any rate, and the whole should be 
carryed to a particular place most convenient for that pur- 
pose as Also for Shiping of it — You have not Advised me 
in what manner I am to make you remittances, for Expenses 
to be incurred in the above Service, therefore shall expect it 
p"" Next. We are in the same Situation As when wrote you 
last — except the addition of twelve hundred Troops lately 
arrived from England, The Regiment of Horse and Eight 
Other Reg'* are hourly expected — when I hope you will 
hear better Accounts from us. I am hurried to Death there- 
fore have only time to add my Comp'* to all friends & to 
wish you every happiness being truely Dear Sir Your faith- 
full and Obedient Servant 

Will"' Shirreff 

P. S If you can possibly add to the Quantity of Old 
Hay pray do and don't mind the Expence — W. S 



Boston May 30"' 1775 
This Charter Party or Agreement made this Day between 
Maj"" William Sherriff D^ Q"" M"" (General, on the one part & 
Ephraim Perkins of the County of York in Cape porpus, on 
the other part. 

Witnessetli that the said Perkins being ()wn<;r of the Sloop 
Molly himself Master, burthen about Eighty Eight 'I'liiis 
Doth hereby Covenant and Agree, that the said Sloop shall 
proceed from this Ilarboui- to Nova Scotia, and thcu-e take on 
Board such Laden, as shall In; (liie<;t(!d by the said M:i'f W'" 



264 DOCUMEKTAllY HISTOJiY 

Sherriff & proceed Iinediately back to this Port. Said Per- 
kins Mailing Victualing & paying all Charges of the Voyage. 

In Consideration of which the Above said Maj' W"" Sher- 
riff, Doth promise to pay to the said Perkins for the Run or 
Voyage of said Vessell, One Hundred and Eighty Dollars, 
and Six Dollars g Day Demurrage if Detained longer then 
Ten Working Days at the Port where she Loads, and Six 
Days where She Delivers her Cargo — 

For the true and faithfull performance of the above Agree- 
ment we each of us Bind our selves in the penal sum of five 
hundred pounds Sterling money of Great Brittian 

In Witness hereunto we have sett our hands and Seals this 
Thiityeth day of May in the Year of our Lord. 1775 — 

Witness Will'" ShirrefP 

Jos. Goldthwait D Q M G (Seal) 

Letter from W'^ Shirreff 

M' Epharim Perkins S" 

You will emediately proceed with the Sloop Molly under 

y' Command to Windsor in the Bay of Funda & Receeve 

Such orders As M"^ Jones will give You Respecting your 

Cargo. Making every dispatch that* Possible, taking Care 

to touch at No Other Harbour unless it be absolutely 

Necessary — 

Jos : Goldthwait 

for William Sherriff 

Boston May 30. 1775 D Q-^ M G* 



Letter from Tf^ Shirreff. 1775. 

Boston 30«i» May 1775 
Gentlemen/ 

The bearer M' Josiah Jones with the Sloop Polly Ephraim 

Perkins Master is Charterd for Windsor in Nova Scotia in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 265 

order to Receive from you Ilay, and Oats — Am therefore to 
desire you will use every endeavor to Dispatch him as soon 
as possible agreeable to my Letter wrote you via Halifax the 
29*^^ Ins* 

Please to forward the Inclosed by Express to Annapolis. 
I am Gentlemen Your most Obedient humble Serviint 

Will™ Shirreff 

To Mess" Day & Scott at Windsor Nova Scotia 



Letter from Winslow to the (Joynm^^ for the County of Lincoln. 
June 3, 1775. 

The Committee of Correspondence for the Town of Wins- 
low hereby represent to the Committee for the County of 
Lincoln, the following State of said Town, vi/> 

There are Forty-four Families in the Town ; One Half of 
whom have neither Bread nor Meat, but are entirely sup- 
ported by Fish — 

Twenty Guns are wanted; and there is no Ammunition in 
Town, except in the Hands of Ezekiel Pattee Esq'' 

On Thursday the twenty fifth Day of May last, at a full 
Meeting, the Town unanimously voted to adhere to all the 
Resolves of the Continental and Provincial Congresses the 
I*resorvati()n of their Lives, Liberties and Privileges. 

Winslow June 3, 1776. 

Ezekiel Pattee 
Jonah Crosby 



Coniitt(;e of 



^ , ,, , Cornispondcnce 

Joseph Carter > ,• ,,!• , 

Joim Tozer 

Zhnri Ileywood ^ 



266 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Aecou7it of taking a sloop belongmg to Arundel. 177S. 

To the honourable Congress of the Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay in New-England now sitting, — the Committee 
of the Town of Arundel in said Province Sendeth Greeting 

Whereas, a Sloop belonging to the Town of Arundel about 
three Weeks ago, saild out of this Harbour, and disposed of 
her Cargo at Plymouth, and having receiv'^ her Effects, upon 
her Return, was seiz*^ and carried into Boston, and there 
detained by general Gage for sometime, and her Effects taken 
into his Custody for which he pay*^ near the prime Cost : — 
After which a Proposal was made to the Master of said Sloop, 
by the Officers of the Troops to inlist into the Governours 
Service with a Promise of a large Reward for his Service 
therein : 

The Master being now under Confinement and knowing 
no Means of obtaining his Liberty now tho't this Proposal 
the only way to make his Escape, and obtain his Liberty, and 
therefore comply*^ with the same, and accordingly receiv*^ 
Orders to sail immediately for Anapolis, to bring a Quantity 
of Hay, and other Stores for the Use of the Troops in Boston. 
A Number of the kings Arms with Cartridges, were put on 
Board and two Young Men one named Josiah Jones, and the 
* other Jon* Hicks were put on board, one or both of which as 
SuperCargo in the Above Imployment, with a Packet of 
Letters, Orders & other Papers. 

The Master then being prepard to go out sailed directly 
for this Port and arrived in this Harbour the second instant, 
with the Persons Letters &c. as above mentioned ; who were 
immediately carried before the Committee of this Town and 
after Examination of both it was agreed by the Committee 
and they have accordingly sent the Persons and Papers under 
Guard to this hon^^ Provincial Congress now sitting for 
Examination and to be dealt with as they in their United 
Wisdom shall think just, The Master and Mate of said Sloop 



OF THE STATE OF MAI^iE 267 

we have hereby sent by whom an account of the wliole Affair 

will be given. 

Arundel 3'^ June 1775 

Benj'^ Durrell "| 

James Burnham I Commit''^ 

Tho* Wiswall }■ of Town 

Jona*^ Stone l of Arundl 

John Hovey J 

Letter from the Committee for Waldohorougli to the Committee 
at Pownalhorovgh. June o, 177o. 

Waldoborough June the 5"' 1775 

To James Howard Esq' and to the Rest of the Honnorable 
Committe appointed by the Honnorable Congress 

Gentlemen We Rec^'^ a Letter from you to Know how 
affairs Stand in our town upon the Recpt of your Leter we 
Called a town meating and we Chose a Commitie to Corre- 
spond with you Gentlemen and we Voted unanymusly to 
abide by the Continentinel and Provencel Congress and you 
Desireed to Know how affairs Stand Relating _ our Provence 
tax Gentlemen We Voted to Colect the mony as sone as Pos- 
sable and Convey the same when Collected to ]\P Henry 
Garner treasurer for the Congress — 

(ientlemen We Shall Endeavour to Meat on the days 
appointed and We Sliall Let you Know from time to time 
all that is Worthy of Notice — We with all Submission 

We Remain your servents &c 

P S We the Commite are Chose to Colect the above 

mony 

Jabesh Cole 

Andrew Schemle 

David Vniall 

Jacob Wenigeburla 

William farnsworth 

a Comittec for Walhloboi'outrh 



268 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Penobscot to the Provincial Congress. 
June 7, 1775. 

Penobscot June 7, 1775 — 
Gent" 

We, the Subscribers, being appointed a Committee by the 
Inhabitants settled on Penobscot River ; the Inhabitants of 
Belfast; Majabigwaduce, & Benjamins River, to make a 
Representation to you of the difficulties & distress the said 
Inhabitants are under, in respect to the scarcity of Corn & 
Ammunition occasioned by the interruption of vessells, which 
they depended upon for their supplies & also the impediments 
in exportation from the Seaport Towns by inefficient com- 
mittees after the said Articles have been purchased We 
accordingly herewith send you the votes of said Inhabitants 
pass'd by them at a general meeting on Tuesday the G"' day 
of June instant which we are to pray your consideration of, 
being encourag'd thereto from the many instances of fav' & 
assistance which the province have heretofore afforded to 
this infant settlem* and without some, at this time we have 
real cause to apprehend that these promising settlements may 
be broke up. We are further to assure you that the said 
Inhabitants are ready with their lives & all y*- they have, to 
support the cause which this country is engaged in, in 
defence of their liberties & priviledges ; and will hold them- 
selves in readiness for that purpose. The said Committee 
are also to inform you that it was represented at the said 
Meeting that the establishment of Fort pownall is nearly 
expired : That the Commander of the s*^ Fort in obedience to 
the commands of the Gov"^ deliverd to his order the Artillery 
& some Arms belonging to the s*^ Fort : That he also deliv- 
ered to our own inhabitants in the different parts of this 
vicinity upon their application some Arms & Ammunition ; 
reserving only a small quantity of each for the use of the 
soldiers belongmg to said Garrison, which occasions the said 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 269 

Fort at this time to be very bare in those respects. We are 

also to represent to you that the Town of Belfast is in want 

of about a dozen stand of Arms which is not practicable to 

be got here. All which we are enjoined to lay before you, 

Gentlemen, who represent the provmce in this unhappy time ; 

& to pray you to take the same into your consideration & 

give them such relief as upon mature deliberation you judge 

expedient. We are in behalf of the said Inhabitants Gent" 

Your most hum^^*^ Serv'^ 

Tho. Goldthwait 

John 

Jonathan Buck 

Edm<^ Mooers 

Benj'* Shute 

Oliver Crary 



Petition of Edw^ Parry 177 o. 

To The Hon'ble Provincial Congress of the Massachuscts 
Bay convened and Asseml)led at Watertovvn 

Tlic Petition of Edward Parry Agent to the Contractor for 
Masts, Humbly Sheweth 

That your Petitioner has been detained in his Occupation 
of shipping a small quantity of Masts and Lumber he was 
providing for his Majesty's Dock yard in Nova Scotia on the 
Ix'ginniiig ol' May last at CJeoige Town in Kcniuibcck Iliver 
by JJcu'' (Jol^ Samuel 'I'lionipson of Bi-unswick, and two 
Bonded Securities leijuircd in the [)enal Sum of X2,000 
Lawful money, payable to tlie Provincial Congress or the 
Heads of the Proviuce for tlu; time beiug that may be 
appointed by the People. I'iie (condition of tlic^ Bond pre- 
vents me or any Person for or under me from icmoving cer- 
tain Masts, Spais, Oak plank &c that are now under my 



270 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Care in said River, and procured for the Service of his Maj- 
esty's Nav}', and that I should be kept here in safe Custodj^ 
until I may be released by the Hon'ble the Provincial Con- 
gress's orders — the particulars of which are fully explain'd 
in the said Bond, which I suppose Col° Tliompson has before 
this deliver*^ unto your Honors. 

Your Petitioner humbly begs leave to represent to your 
Honors that his being detain*^ here so long, at such a great 
distance from New Hamphshire, the Place he has used to 
reside at, is of great detriment and damage to him, and that 
he daily suffers considerable loss in his private Concerns — 
Wherefore he humbly prays your Honors would take his Case 
into your wise Consideration, and that your Honors would 
compassionately be pleased to order him to be released and 
the Bond cancelled, or order such relief as you in your great 
Wisdom may think proper, and your Petitioner will ever 

pray &c 

Edw'^ Parry 
George Town Kennebec River June 8^'' 1775 — 

Letter from John Lane June 9, 1775 

Fort Pownall June 9, 1775 
Sir 

I have proceeded agreeable to my orders as you'l see by 
the inclosed journal, and have got one of the Chiefs to go as 
an Ambassador attended by three young men as far as Fal- 
mouth and I am in hopes to be able to get them as far as 
Watertown. I couldn't have tho't that, that they'd been so 
hearty in the Cause, and are very ready to assist us if occa- 
sion requires, the Cannada Indians are all of the same mind. 
The Indians are now here and we shall go to Casco Bay to 
morrow when I shall write more fully. 

I am Sir with Respect Your much oblig'd Serv* 

Jn° Lane 
The Honble Jos. Warren Esq 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 271 

Letter from Elilm Hewes. June 9, 1775. 

Sir 

as I have liad the Pleasure of beiDg well acquainted with 
your Wisdom and unalterable Principles from the first 
Instant of your Publickly Ingaging in the Glorious Cause 
which you now so nobly lead on in the Defence off — Should 
your High Appointment and the Complicated situation of 
affairs under your Inspection & Direction make my Scrawl 
too minute for your Notice I shall not wonder. — As I now 
live on Penobscott-River, about 23 Miles above Fort Pownall; 
the Settlem* very New, the first Man that Pitch 'd in my 
Neighbourhood has not been there more tlian 5 Years, Tis 
True Cap* Jona" Buck began near 10 years ago, but he Lives 
not more than 8 Miles above the Fort. The Inhabitants 
being Setled for above 20 Miles above Him. I find this a 
Country very good for both Tillage «& Grass tho at present 
Cloath'd with a fine Growth of Pine, Spruce, Cedar, Hemlock 
&c Intersperc'd with lai-ge Spots of Rock & white Maple, 
Birch, Beach &c and some Oak ; The River excells for Fish 
of various kinds, and easie Navigation for the Largest of 
Vessells. — The People firmly Attach'd to the Constitution 
you Precide in tlie Defence off. And I am confident will 
Support it to tlie Last Moment of their Lives, being willing 
in general to encounter any Difficulty rather than yeald to 
that Band of Tyranny, whose Plodding Pates have long been 
Projecting Methods to Enslave us: I am confirm'd in this 
Opinion ])y an Anecdote or Two that has come to my knowl- 
edge since my residence on tliis River: for I Live in the 
Neiglibourliood of Col' Thomas Goldthwait wlio was a Mem- 
])er of our Assembly ( as you may Remember ) for many Years 
;\\\i\ p;uti<Mil;irly in the; Year 17r)2. From whom I had the 
following Story. Richard Jackson Esq"" was then Agent for 
our Province; The Col' says that then, in some of His Pri- 
vate Letters which he Wrote after liis Appointment, He 



272 DOCUMENTARY HISTOPwY 

intimated his Fears, that it would not be in his Power to do 
the Province much Service as there was a Principle prevail- 
ing in England at that Time to render the Colony Assemblys 
useless. The Colo^ also says M"^ Bollin ( who was Agent 
before M'' Jackson ) was continually warning the Gen" Court 
of this Principle then prevailing in England, and yet no 
doubt you remember, both those Gentlemen were turn'd out 
of the Agency upon a Suspicion that they were not in the 
Interest of the Province. Certainly they were faithful as 
touching the most important Matter whatever part of their 
Conduct might give Umbrage to their Constituants. And 
there seems to be some Degree of Semelarety in the Case of 
the Above Gentlemen & Colo' Goldthwait. For one of your 
Members viz Cap* John Lane who is now here says the Con- 
gress had rec'd very unfavourable Acco** of the Colo'* 
Conduct : Whereas on a fair and impartial Examination it 
will appear that Colo' Goldthwait has been a Steady Uniform 
Friend to our Constitution. Should the Almighty Prosper 
us so as to bring on an Accommodation. Among other 
Grievances I look on the Greenwich Hospital-Money exacted 
from our American Seamen, to be a very Capital one. I 
hope the Congress will Compassionate the Case of this Infant 
Settlement as we are not got to the years of Tillage and 
raesing our own Bread and Cloathing, & like to be Shut 
from the Previledge of Importing. 

We could now Manufactor our own Cloathing, but are 
destitute of WoU & Flax which is a very Material Grievance. 
Pray excuse the want of Order in these Hints 

From Hon*"' Sir your Hum' Ser* in Haste 

Elihu Hewes 
Penobscott River 9 June 1775 

PS I have wrote by this Oppertunity to Joseph Hewes 
Esq' on the Continental Congress we are Brothers Children 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 273 

and were bro't up together in the same Family your Favour 
in forwarding is Pray'd by Sir &c 

Here is an Island in the Mouth of this River, Own'd by 
Isaac Winslow Esq" as he Saith, which contains 6 or 7000 
Acres, I first setled on it, there is 10 or 12 Families of Good 
Connecticiit Men w^ho are Hearty in our Cause and Should 
Hold what they have Taken in their Own Right, The Reste 
Should be Deemd Forfit this my Privat Opinion made known 
to none but you. 

Superscribed 

To Joseph Warren Esq'' Precident of the Provincial Congress 

for the Massachusetts-Bay 

g Fav' Cap' Buck 

private Letf 

Deposition of Samuel Smith. 1775. 

I the Subscriber Being of Lawful age Do Testify That 
Being in a Coasting Sloop belonging to Arundel and on my 
Return from Plimouth was taken by a Cutter Belonging to 
Admiral Graves Squadron in Boston & carried in to that 
Port & their Detain*^ Several Day^ & Being Solliscited By 
Admiral Graves^ Secretary to Enter into His majestys Ser- 
vice and knowing no other way wherein I Could Possibly 
make my Escape I Enter*^ into s*^ service to Go to Winsor in 
Nova Scotia for Hay & other things, and Haveing one Josiah 
Jones Put on Board as factor and Being Ready to Sail I 
Desir'* of y® Cap* of our Convoy Leave to Sail But He told 
me I must not Sail til to morrow att ten o : Clock as their 
was a Number other vesels in y" same Employ & Should all 
Sail together I then Desir'' Leave _ M*^ Jones to Hall off into 
the Road & obtain'' Leav it being Dark & I Got Consent of 
our factor m"" Jones to Sail I therefore Embrac'' the oppertu- 
nity & Emmediatly Sail** for Arundel where I arriv** in about 

18 



274 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

twenty four Ours and Deliver*^ up m'' Jones & one Jon* Hicks 
who was Intraduc*^ on Board my Sloop By m"" Jones But for 
what Purpos I cannot tell, and further Saith that M"" Jones 
Desird Me to oil and Clean the fire arms that was Put on 
Board to Defend our selves as He said the Rebels might 
attak us on our Passage 

Watertown June 9'*" 1775 Samuel Smith 



Provincial Congress. 1775. 

A List of Persons met at Concord in Provincial Congress. 

p. 85. 
Kittery Charles Chancy Esq"" 

Edward Cutt 
Wells M"' Ebenezer Sayer 

Barwick Cap* W™ Gerish 

p. 86. 
Falmouth & Cape Elizabeth Enoch Freeman Esq'^ 
Scarborough M"^ Sam^^ March 

North Yamiouth M'' John Lewis 

Gorham Solomon Lombard Esq"" 

Brunswick Cap* Sam^^ Thomson 



Deposition of JEJben^ Whittier. 1775. 

Ebenezer Whittier of lawful age testifies and declares that 
some time in april Last Abiel Wood merchant Recommended 
the Coasters for Carrying up Boards and timber to the troops 
that the said Wood Being asked why he Didnt carry timber 
to the troops Hee the said Wood said Becaus He was affraid 
of the People and aded it was time Now to throw of fear He 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 276 

had Lost thousands by fearing to Supply the troops and on 
being informed by the Deponant the provential Congress had 
forbid the Supplying the Regular troops He the said Wood 
Said the most of the Congrees ware Damn'd Villams Saying 
their was Handcock adams & others acteid out of Selfish 
Views in destroying the tea and being told by the Deponant 
m"^ Handcock did Not destroy the tea the said Wood offered 
to Give His oath before any Justice of Peace that M'' Hand- 
cock was the first Man that went on Board the Vessell to 
destroy the tea and that the Devil had made them Beleive 
that one of them Should be king another a Govenor and that 
they Should Be in Some Great Places of Honor & profit & 
their Veiws was to Stir up the People to Sedition in order 
to accomplis their designs this was Spoke Concerning mr 
Handcock & the Provential Congress April 1775 that the 
said Wood Spake Disrespectfully of the method Recom- 
mended by the Provential Congress for Chusing officers and 
that the s*^ Wood Reported for truth that the Govinour of 
New york & twelve towns in this & Connecticut province 
Had Voted Not to abid by the Result of the Continental 
Congress and their By Eudevered to Discourage the People 
of this parish from approveing the Same. 

Ebenezer Whittier 

Lincoln ss June 9, 1775 Then the said Eben"" Whittier 
made Oath to the above Writing by him subscribed 

Before me Tho* Rice Just. Peace 



Report on Jones ^ Hicks 

The ('(tmmittee appointed to examine the persons and 
papers sent this Congress l)y tlie Coiniiiittc of th(j Town of 
Anui(l(;l liave attended that service and after due perusal of 
said papers Josiah Jones & Jonathan Hicks tlierein refered 



276 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to were brought before them and said Jones in his defence 
says he had no concern with the sloop Polly otherways than 
as a passenger in her to Nova Scotia. — notwithstanding 
which it appears clearly to this Committee, by s'^ Papers as 
also by the evidence of Cap* Smith Master herewith trans- 
mitted, that s*^ Jones went on board s** Sloop as supercargo 
in tlie service of Gen. Gage to bring hay & other articles to 
Boston to supply our enemies. — We find by s*^ Jones's 
account of himself that he went to Boston soon after the 
memoriable I.exington Battle of the 19 of April last in com- 
pany with John Buggies of Hardwick who was ordred by a 
Committee to the said Town of Hardwick and that said Jones 
was knowing to the proceedings of s** Committee against s*^ 
Buggies before they set out together from Weston to take 
refuge in Boston, that they left the comon road & went in 
the woods & dificult places to pass the Town of Boxbury. — 
This Committee upon the whole have not the least reason to 
doubt of s'' Jones's being a Notorious enemy to his Country 
& of his having been employed in the actual imployment of 
our enemies against the Just liberties of the people therefore 
beg leave to report the folowing Order. — 

In Provincial Congress 10 June 1775 

Ordered that Josiah Jones, taken from the sloop Polly be 
sent with a sufficent guard to the Town of Concord in the 
County of Midsx and committed to the comon Goal there to 
remain untill the further Order of Congress or house of Bep- 
resentatives of this Colony. — 

Said Jonathan Hicks in his defence says that since the 
public disputes respecting the liberties of the Country he has 
not liked the part that has been acted, in many respects, on 
either side therefore could not see his way clear to join with 
any — 

Upon examination the Committe find by evidence that at 
Gardnerstown, while he lived there, he expressed himself 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 277 

highly against Committees of correspondence &c calling them 
rebels &, useing other oprobrious language against the people 
who appeared for liberty and endeavoured to hinder their unity 
That also while he the said Hicks lived at Plymouth he was 
esteemed by the good people there inimical to the liberties 
of his Country by his general conduct and that at certain 
times he appeared very high and once drew his sword or 
spear upon certain persons. 

Said Hicks upon the wliole owns his general conduct has 
been such as the people for liberty call a Tory, but still he 
says he is against the oppressive Acts, s"^ Hicks confesses 
that the evening after the Battle of Lexington aforesaid he 
left Plymouth & took shelter with the troops at Marsh field 
not thinking himself safe in the Country, that he went with 
them to Boston & there remained untill he went on board 
the Sloop Polly with Jones & says he designed for Hallifax 
there to tarry if he could find business in order to be out of 
the noise. — 

Cap* Smith Master, of s*^ Sloop can give no Account of 

Hick's business on board, all he can say is, he in general 

appeared inimical calling the liberty People rebels &c — The 

Committee therefore beg leave to report the following order 

In Provincial Congress Watertown June 10, 1775 

Ordred that Jonathan Hicks taken from the sloop Polly be 
sent with a suificient Guard to the Town of Concord in the 
County of Middlesex & committed to the comon Goal there 
to remain untill the further orders of Congress or house of 
Representatives of this Colony. — 

Letter from Elihu Hewes. June 10^ 1775. 

Hon'"^ Sir 

I expect my Letters sent by Cap' Buck will reach you 
before Cap' Lane, wlio will be Imj)cded with his Charge. I 



278 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

hope none will Rob liini of the Honour he alone deserves 
( under the Smiles of Heaven ) for the Success he has met 
with in his Tour up the River — I hope we shall have more 
of his Company if our Trouble continue, you cannot Send a 
Man that can Act more for the Service and Interest of His 
Country. 

I dare not Ask a written Answers to this or mine by Buck 
but a few words will be Highly Acceptable to 
Sir your very Hum^ Ser* 

Elihu Hewes 



Extract of a Letter from Hon. Enoch Freeman. 

Extract of a Letter from the Hon^^ Enoch Freeman Esq 

" You informed me that the last Provincial Congress, did 
me the Honour to choose me one of the Committee of Safety 
for the Province. You may acquaint that Committee, that, 
was my Health and Capacity equal to my Inclination to 
serve the Public, I should cheerfully attend that Service 
without delay, but at present I cant possibly go up — Yet if 
I can be of any Service to the common cause, in the mean 
time, in these exposed parts of the Country, ray utmost 
endeavours shall not be wanting, and as soon as I can find 
myself able, purpose to come up — 

It wou'd perhaps be convenient for the Public that some 
Person or Persons here, shou'd be appointed, whose business 
shou'd be to execute the Orders of the Congress and Com- 
mittee of Safety, and to communicate back to them from 
Time to Time, Intelligences and Occurrences that may affect 
the Public, without the trouble of getting a Quorum of Com- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 279 

mittee, and Selectmen togetlier, who live at a Distance, which 
often causes great delay, and my Time is so often taken up, 
on one public Affair and another, that I am obliged to neg- 
lect my own business to my great Damage — 

If the Congress shou'd allow the Regiment raised here in 
this County to be stationed among us for our Defence, it will 
be necessary that some body shou'd have the Care of them, 
besides their own Officers, to employ them in such a manner 
as shall be most for the Safety of the whole — 

In this Service, I think I might be of as much or more 
Service to the Public than if I was to go up to the Commit- 
tee, as the Gentleiuen there, are more acquainted with the 
Circumstances of that part of the Province than I am, I 
shou'd be of the less advantage to them, and I presume I 
am more acquainted with this part of the Province, and with 
tlieir concurrence, may be of more service to the Public here 
than there ; for here, new Emergencies may and do often 
arise, which require immediate attention — 

I heard to Day, that lately there were a number of Indians 
of Androscoggin River consulting what Side to take, but 
could not agree among themselves. 'Tis Pity but some body 
here shou'd be employed to negotiate with them or any other 
Indians as opportunity shou'd offer — 

A Man from Deer Island, near Penobscott, was here this 
afternoon, and gives a melancholy Account of the Distress 
the People are in that way for want of Bread owing to the 
stoppage of Trade — lie heard that several Children had died 
of Hunger — What will become of them God only knows, we 
are not able to help them or our selves — I Doiit know what 
can 1)6 done for them or us without some Vessel of Superior 
Force to the Tenders shou'd be provided to bring Bread kind 
among us — I just now heard that Cap John Cox was taken 
on his Passage to New York, with Spars, and carried into 
Boston — 



280 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Account of the Capture of the King's Cutter at Machias. 
June 14-) 1775. 

" To the Honorable Congress of the Massachusetts' Bay." — 
"Gentlemen We, the faithful & distressed inhabitants of 
Machias, beg leave, once more, in the most respectful manner, 
to approach your presence, & spread before you a just and 
full representation of our very critical situation. 

On the 2*^ instant Cap' Ichabod Jones arrived in this River 
with two sloops, accompanied with one of the Kings Tenders : 
On the S"^* instant a paper was handed about for the people 
to sign, as a prerequisite to their obtaining any provision, of 
which we were in great want. The contents of this paper, 
required the signers to indulge Cap' Jones in carrying Lum- 
ber to Boston, & to protect him and his property, at all 
events : But, unhappily, for him, if not for us, it soon expired 
after producing effects directly contrary in their nature to 
those intended. The next effort, in order to carry those 
favourite pouits, was to call a meeting, which was accordingly 
done. On the 6"' the people generally assembled at the 
place appointed, and seemed so averse to the measures pro- 
posed, that Capt. Jones privately went to the Tender, & 
caused her to move up so near the Town that her Guns 
would reach the Houses, & put springs upon her Cables, — 
The people, however, not knowing what was done, and con- 
sidering themselves nearly as prisoners of war, in the hands 
of the common enemy, ( which is our only plea for suffering 
Cap' Jones to carry any Lumber to Boston, since your Honors 
conceived it improper ) passed a Vote, that Cap' Jones might 
proceed in his Business as usual without molestation, that 
they would purchase the provision he brought into the place, 
and pay him according to Contract. — 

After obtaining this Vote, Cap' Jones immediately ordered 
his Vessells to the Wharf & distributed his provisions among 
those only, who voted in favour of his carrying Lumber to 



OF THE STATE OE MAINE 281 

Boston. This gave such offence to the aggrieved party, that 
they determined to take Cap' Jones, if possible, & put a final 
stop to his supplying the Kings troops with any thing : 
Accordingly, they secretly invited the people of Mispecka & 
Pleasant River to join them ; accordingly a number of them 
came & having joined our people, in the woods near the set- 
tlement ; on the 11"' They all agreed to take Cap* Jones & 
Stephen Jones Esq"" in the place of Worship, which tliey 
attempted, but Cap* Jones made his escape into the woods, 
and does not yet appear, Stephen Jones Esq'' only, was taken, 
& remains, as yet, under guard. The Cap* & Lieutenant of 
the Tender, were also in the Meeting House, & fled to their 
Vessell, hoisted their flag, & sent a Message on shore to this 
effect: "That he had express orders to protect Cap* Jones; 
that he was determined to do his duty whilst he had life ; & 
that, if the people presumed to stop Cap* Jones's vessells, he 
would ])urn the Town." Upon this, a party of our men 
went directly to stripping the sloop that lay at the wharf, 
and another party went off to take possession of the other 
sloop which lay below & brought her up nigh a Wharf, and 
anchored her in the stream. The tender did not fire, but 
weighed her anchors as privately as possible, and in the dusk 
of the evening fell down & came to, within Musket shott of 
the sloop, which obliged our people to slip their Cable & run 
the sloop aground. In the mean time, a considerable number 
of our people went down in boats and canoes, lined the shore 
directly opposite to the Tender, and having demanded her to 
surrender to America, received for answer, "fire and be 
damn'd:" they immediately fired in upon her, which she 
returned, and a smart engagement ensued. The Tender, at 
last, s]i[)cd lier (.'able and fell down to a small sloop, com- 
manded by ('ap: Toby, and lashed herself to lier for 

tiic remainder of the night. In the morning of the 12*'' They 
took Cap* Toby out of his vessell, for a pilot, & made all the 



282 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

sail they could to get off, as the wind & tide favoured ; but 
having carried away her main boom, and meetmg with a sloop 
from the Bay of Fundy, they came to, robbed the sloop of 
her boom & gaff, took almost all her provision, together with 
M' Robert Avery of Norwich in Connecticut, and proceeded 
on her voyage. Our people, seeing her go off in the morumg 
determined to follow her. About forty men, armed with 
guns, swords, axes, & pitch forks, went in Cap^ Jones's sloop, 
under the command of Cap* Jeremiah OBrian : about Twenty, 
armed in the same manner, & under the command of Cap*^ 
Benjamin Foster, went in a small Schooner. During the 
Chase, our people built them breast works of pine boards, and 
any thing they could find in the Vessells, that would screen 
them from the enemy's fire. The Tender, upon the first 
appearance of our people, cut her boats from the stern, & 
made all the sail she could — but being a very dull sailor, 
they soon came up with her, and a most obstinate engagement 
ensued, both sides being determined to conquer or die : but 
the Tender was obliged to yield, her Captain was wounded 
in the breast with two balls, of which wounds he died next 
morning : poor M"^ Avery was killed, and one of the marines, 
and five wounded. Only one of our men was killed and six 
wounded, one of which is since dead of his wounds. 

The Battle was fought at the entrance of our harbour, & 
lasted for over the space of one hour. We have in our pos- 
session, four double fortifyed three pounders, & fourteen 
swivels, and a number of small arms, which we took with the 
Tender, besides a very small quantity of ammunition &c. 
Thus we have given your honors, as particular an account of 
this affair as possible. We now apply to you for advice, and 
for a supply of Ammunition & provisions ( the latter of which 
we have petitioned your honors for already) which if we 
could be fully supply'd with we doubt not but with the 
blessing of Heaven we should be prepared to defend our 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 283 

selves. — We propose to convey the prisoners to Pownal- 
borough Goal, as soon as possible, there to await your orders. 
We are, with deference, your Honors most Obedient Humble 
Servants — 

By order of the Committee Ja^ Lyon Chairman 

Machias June 14^" 1775 George Stillman Cler 

Letter from Jedidiali Preble c|' Enoch Freeman. 
June 14, 1776. 

Falmouth June 14, 1775 
Hon*^ Sir 

These wait on you by Collonel Phiney, who informs Us, 
he has order'd the Men lately inlisted in this County, to 
Guard the Sea Coasts, and Islands within said County, to 
secure the Cattle and Sheep from the Ravages of Cruisers 
from the Navy; But, as no provision is made for their sub- 
sistance, it cant be expected, they can continue to do duty 
without. We refer you to Collonel Phiney for particulars 

Four Indian Chiefs ariv'd here this day, with Captain 
Lane, from the Penobscut Tribe. We hope their expecta- 
tions will be answer'd, which will lay a foundation for the 
securing to Our interest the whole Tribe. — 
We are, Honour'd Sir, Your most obedient humble Servants 

Jedidiah Preble 
Enoch Freeman 
Hon^' Joseph Warren, Esq'^ to be communicated 

" Letter from the Com^^^ of Machias relative to fitting out an 

Arwbd Vessel — ^ Report thereon accepted.'''' 

June 17, 1775. 

To the Honorable Congress of the Massachusetts Bay 

Gentlemen, Since the express left this, by whom we trans- 
mitted an account of the taking of the Margeritta, one of 



284 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Kings Tenders, we have discovered, upon examining the 
Papers, that both Capt. Jones* Sloops, of about 70 Tuns 
each, were, in the Kings service. And as the People are 
now obliged to provide for their own safety, in the best 
manner possible, the Committee of Safety have resolved, with 
the utmost expedition, to arm one of s*^ Sloops, & to act only 
on the defensive. 

We are deeply sensible of our own weakness & danger; & 
with becoming deference, we once more apply to your Honors 
for advice & support, if we are judged worthy of your 
Notice. 

We are Gentlemen very respectfully &c 
Machias June 17, 1775 Ja« Lyon Ch. M. 

AP Fox , Mr Lothrop 

Mr Woodbridge M"" Johnson of Lynn 

In Provincial Congress Watertown July 7, 1775. 

The Committee appointed to take into consideration a 
Letter from the Committee of Safety for the Town of Machias 
Relative to fitting an armed Sloop to act on the Defensive 
and to Report thereon Do Report in manner following ( viz) 

Resolved, that when and so soon as the Committee of 
Safety for said Town of Machias Shall have fitted and armed 
a Sloop for their Defence and Security and have procured a 
proper Person to Command Said Sloop and a Sufficient Num- 
ber of hands to Man her and Shall Send the Name of such 
person to this Congress ; then this Congress will Commission 
such a person to Take the Command of Said Sloop and to 
act on the Defensive for the Security and Defence of said 
Town of Machias. 

Anmver to Petition from Belfast, ^e. 1775, 

In Provincial Congress Watertown June 23 1775 
On the Petition of a number of the Inhabitants settled on 
Penobscot River; the Inhabitants of Belfast, Majabigwaduce, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 285 

& Benjamin's River representing the difficulties & Distress 
said Inhabitants are under in respect of the scarcity of Corn 
& Ammunition, and praying for some Relief — 

Resolved, That it be recommended by this Congress, to tlie 
Committees of safety, of the Towns of Glocester or Newbury- 
Port or to the like Committees of Safet^^ or Correspondence 
of any other Towns within this Colony, to supply Capt Jon- 
athan Buck one of the Petitioners, for the Use of s'' Inhabi- 
tants for their present Relief, with two Hundred Bushels of 
Indian Corn, or to that amount in Corn & Rye, and take in 
Return for the same Cordwood or sucli other payment as the 
said Buck may be able to make or His Security thear for and 
in Case the said Buck shall not make satisfaction for the 
same in a reasonable Time, it shall be allowed & paid out of 
the publick Treasury of this Colony and the said Buck shall 
refund the same as soon as may be and that Coll Goldthwait 
deliver up all the publick Arms & Ammunition in his posses- 
sion to the petitioners or a Committee Appointed by them for 
tliat purpose — 

And as to Powder they shall be Reasonably Supplyed 
therewith as Soon as tlie State of our magesen will admitt 
thereof 

Receipt. 1775. 

Dear Island .luiu; 2!) 1775 
Received of Nathaniel Low Fourteen pounds I'^leven Shill- 
ings and Two peiice Lawful Money in P(U'tatas Solt Lead 
iind hooks and Lines. Which We the Subscribers promise 
to p;iy t]i(^ Above to the Provenehel Congress in Lumber As 
Soon as the Ports an; Opned And We Can Sell Our Lmnber 
Francis Haskell Sanicll Knyiiels 

Josiah Crockett Nathan Dow 

Robert Nason Courtney Babbidg 

Thomas Thompson 



286 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Report on John Lane's Account. 1775. 

In provincial Congress June 23 1775 
The Committee for examining the Account of M"" John 
Lane having attended that service found the said Lane's 
account well supported excepting a few inaccuracies in cast- 
ing They therefore beg leave to report by way of Resolve 
viz. 

Resolved that there be paid out of the publick Treasury of 
this Colony to M"" John Lane, the sum of forty four pounds 
eighteen shillings & eleven pence ^ for his expences in 
bringing to the Congress four of the Chiefs of the penobscott 
tribe of Indians, with an Interpreter & the Receiver General 
of this Colony is hereby directed to pay the said John Lane 
or order the afores*^ sum of Forty seven pounds Eighteen 
shillings & ll^y^ 
Accepted June 23 

Resolve. 1775. 

In provincial Congress June 23** 1775 
Resolved that there be paid out of the publick Treasury of 
this Colony to M"" John Lane or order the sum of nineteen 
pounds ten shillings & eight pence to pay the expenses of 
himself four Indian Chiefs & an interpreter from Watertown 
to Penobscott. And the Receiver General is hereby directed 
to pay the same sum accordingly. 
Accepted 

Resolve. 1775. 

The Committee appointed to take into Consideration the 
petition from Mechias beg leave to report by way of resolve 
as follows 

In provincial Congress Watertown June 26"' 1775 

Resolved, that the thanks of this Congress be and it is 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 287 

hereby given to Capt Jeremiah Obrian and Cap* Benjamin 
Foster and the other brave men under their command for 
their Courage & good conduct in taking one of the tenders 
belonging to our enemies, and two sloops belonging to Icha- 
bod Jones ; and for preventing the minesterial troops being 
supplied with lumber — And that the said tender, Sloops, 
their appurtenances & Cargoes remain in the hands of the 
said Captains Obrian & Foster & the men under their Com- 
mand for them to use & improve as they shall think most for 
their & the publicks advantage untill the further order of 
this or some future Congress or house of Representatives — 
And that the Committee of Safety for the Western parish in 
Pownalboro' be ordered to convey the prisoners taken by the 
said Obrian & Foster from Pownalboro Goal to the Commit- 
tee of Safety or Corospondance for the town of Brunswick, 
& the Committee for Brunswick to convey them to some 
Committee in the County of York and so to be conveyed 
from County to County till they arrive at this Congress — 
pass'^ 

The Com*^® appointed to Consider the petition of Edward 
Parry (Agent to the Contractor for Masts &c ) taking said 
j)ctition with several other papers accompaning the same into 
Consideration Beg leave to report by way of resolve ( viz ) 

In Provincial Congress Watertown June 26, 1775 — 

Resolved That Coll Thomson be directed to repair to 
Ccorge Town and get assistance and remove said Masts and 
other Tini])er to a place of Safty The Costs not Exceeding 
forty pounds and as it appears Said Edward Parry is not 
Fiif^iidly to tliis Country tliat CoW Touison send him as soon 
;is iii;iy be tf) tliis Congress and that the Bond Given by 
Duiimier Scwal and Jordan Parker in; void wlicn s** masts 
are secured 

June 26. 1775 pass" 



288 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Committee of Biddeford. June 28^ 1775. 

To the Honorable, the Provmcial Congress 

May it please your Honors As we have tho't proper to 
forward to your Honors, under Convoy of the Bearers, Mess" 
Noah Hoopei and Edgecomb Nason ; a Person who Calls 
Himself Tho^ Neat, we apprehend it to be our Duty as a 
Committee of Inspection, to transmit you an exact detail of 
our proceedings relative to him, that he may be dispos'd of 
as your Honors may judge expedient — therefore beg leave 
to represent,* that on Saturday last, the Person in question 
arriv'd in this Town and being a Stranger — some of the 
Inhabitants were prepossess'd with a Suspicion of his being a 
Spy— The Committee in Consequence were immediately 
applied to — We attended — when he submitted to an Exam- 
ination, and gave the following Account of himself- — to wit, 
that he was a native of Britain — had liv'd several Years in 
America — had frequently travelled, and was well acquainted 
in most of the Southern Colonies, and had, previous to the 
present unhappy Crisis of the unnatural Contest between 
Great Britain and her Colonies, acquired the Birth of a 
Steward on Board his Majesty's Ship Senegal Capt Doddings- 
ton, Commander — that he left England in said Ship about 
10 Weeks since — fully persuaded from the representations 
he had there receiv'd that the Disturbance in America was 
kindled by the Breath of a faction — by no means formidable 
that it might be easily quelled, and was universally disap- 
proved by the Cool and dispassionate of all Denominations 
in the Colonies — that the first american Port they touch'd 
at was Boston — where they soon had Orders to repair to 
Falmouth, in Casco Bay, at which place he had been two 
Weeks — that on his arrival in America, he found, not a fac- 
tion, but the whole Continent joined in Opposition to parlia- 
mentary Measures — that therefore he Could not in Conscience 
continue in a Service in which he must be Obliged to draw 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 289 

the Sword against America — for that Reason he had left the 
Ship and propos'd going to Philadelphia — where he had 
several friends and Acquaintance — and that he should have 
applied for a Pass prior to his leaving Falmouth, but that he 
imagined such application would be attended with Danger, 
as the Ship lay in the Harbor — 

In Order if possible to be more fully ascertained of the 
truth of the above Declaration — we next day dispatch'd a 
Person to Falmouth to wait on the Committee there — who 
informed him that the Steward had departed the Ship — and 
that the Cap* supposing he had been detained by the People, 
sent a Message to Col° Preble to demand a Restoration of 
him — The Col° returned for Answer that he knew nothing 
of him, but that he was seen a little before going out of 
Town, Col° Preble likewise informed the Messenger sent by 
us that he had had some Conversation with this person, and 
beared him say he intended to leave the Ship for the reason 
abovemention'd — He hired a Horse a little without the Town 
of Falm° and came publicly to this place — 

The above may it please your Honours is a true Account 
of what we have been able to Collect relative to the person 
in Custody — And as the People here are uneasy, and still 
apprehensive that he may be inimical to the Interests of 
America — we have judged it most clligible that he should 
be sent to the Congress that your Honors may give further 
Orders concerning him, as your Wisdom may direct 

Rishw'^ Jordan \ (Committee of Inspec- 
Benj'"^ Hooper \ tion for the Town of 

Thos (iillPatrick ) liiddeford 

liiddcfonl 28tli, June 1775 

Coll Richmond 
Cap Stone 
M"" Langdon 
la I'Kjviiicial Congress July y" l" 1775 

The Com"^* appointed to Examine the witliin jiientioned 
19 



290 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Tho* Neat have attended that servics & are humbly of 
Oppinion that he Ought to be discharged & Set at liberty. & 
Do recomend him for a pass to be signed by the Sec'^^ to go 
to New York there to Apply for a further pass as he pro- 
poses to go to Virginia. 

Submitted — g Ezra Richmond 

g"" order 
Accepted 



Report on petition of Tho^ Donnell ^ others. 1775. 

The committee appointed to Consider to petition of Thomas 
Donell and others of Frenchmans bay have attended that Ser- 
vice & beg leave to report by way of Resolve 

In provintial Congress Watertown July 8"' 1775 

Whereas M'' Phihp Hodgkins has applied to this Congress 
for a Supply of Provision for Inhabitants of Frenchmen Bay 
& being at a good Distance from the Committees of Corre- 
spondence of that Place Therefore 

Resolved That it be recommended & it is by this Congress 
accordingly recommended to the Governor & Company of 
the Colony of Conaticut that they suffer the Inhabitants of 
Frenchmen bay to purchess such Provisions in the said Col- 
ony as they stand in need of. 

Accepted. 



Letter from Bowdoinham. July 8, 1775. 

Bowdoinham July y" 8 : 1775 

Gentlemen We have Lately Receiv^ from you Yo"^ Resolvs 

or Rather a precept desireing us to Send a man to Represent 

us in a General Assembly at Watertown the Nineteenth 

Instant in Order to Chuse a Counsel & Assembly Which 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 291 

Counsel you mention are to govern y® Colony till Some Other 
Alteration. — In wbicli projection we Heartily Join : But in 
publick to"v\Timeeting : After Debating y" Matter It was 
Resolv'^ that it would Not be prudence for us in our Present 
Circumstances to Send a man As we are at Great Distance It 
would be Attended with a Considerable Cost, But further 
Resolv'' that y*^ Select Men be a Conniiittee To Write to Yo"" 
Hon''* to let you know our present Situation & minds of y** 
Inhabitants in General — 

It is Not Because of any dislike to Yo"^ preposals that we 
do not Send a man, for we heartily Concur with y^ Measures 
you have propos*^ And heartily Beg the Almighty Will not 
only Bless them but Direct you further; — As to our Circum- 
staces our town is but A new Settlement & but a few Inhab- 
itants ; and we have Lately Suffered Very much by fire ; Our 
INIeeting-house Being Burnt & Several Dwelling houses Barns 
& other Buildings — With A Vast deal of fence & sevral 
feilds & Mowing land Burnt over ; — 

This Gentlemen with our former poverty is y® true Cause 
of our Not Acting more Generous than we do ; But we are 
heartily Willing to Exert our Selves with lioth life and for- 
tune as far As is Needful & Joine With You in defence of 
y® priveledgs Which we are Contending for; — Gentlemen 
we desire Liberty Not only to Metion to You that we are 
Very Destitute Of Aminition But that You would Acquaint 
us Where we may purchase Some ; As we have made Some 
Attempts to git But have fail*^ hether-to This from Yo'' 
Humble Ser"*« 

Abr"" Preble \ 

Robert Fultr)ii ( A Comm"''' 

Abr™ Whittemore ) 

Superscribed 

To y" Provincel C^ongniss of The Massaciliusctts Bay 

Now Setting At Wattertown 



292 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Stephen Jones' conduct justified. 1775 

We the Subscribers Inhabitants of Machias, do testify and 
declare, that we have been frequently in Company with 
Stephen Jones Esq'' since the Unhappy Contest arose between 
Great Britain and the Colonies : and he allways justified the 
measures taken by the Colonies : highly approved of the Res- 
olutions of the Provincial & Continental Congress* & con- 
demn'd in the severest terms those Measures pursued by 
Administration, and the British ParHament against America. 
And we do realy believe, that he is, as sincere a Friend to 
the American Cause, as any man Whatever 

Machias July 19*M775 



Japeth Hill 
Benj'* Gooch 
Jabez West 
Theodore Hill 
Joseph Gilichet 
Henry Griffiths 
Stephen Smith 
Henry Watts 
Dennis Obrian 
Samuel Shaw 
Benj'^ gooch Ju 
Stephen Young 
Daniel B 
William Albee 
James Dillany 



Daniel Stone 
Ladwick Holway 
Jona* Pineo 
John Chaloner 
John Gooch 



Morres OBrian 
James Elliot 
Obediah Hill 
William Obrian 
Gideon Obrian 



Joseph Getchell Jur Samuel Reed 
W™ Tupper Daniel Meserve 



James Wheeler 
Jabez Huntley 
Samuel Milbery 
Jonathan Knight 
John Morrson 
Joseph Munson 
William Chaloner 
James Cole 



James Gooch 
Job Burnum 
WiUm 
Solomon 
Joseph Hill 
Abraham Clark 
Isaac Taft 
Ebn^ Beal 



We are Gentlemen Your mo. obed* Serv** 

Tho* Brackett Thomas Thompson 
Sam" Oates Cornelius Turner 

Briggs Turner 

Dated at Bristol y*' 16*»> of July 1775 

Tho' Boyd Cler of y^ Committee 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 293 

Letter from Stephen Jones. July 22'^ 1775. 

Machias July 22*^ 1775 
Hono^'"" Sir 

As I have been represented as a person Counter Acting 
the Resolutions of the Hono*'^'' Congress. Justice to my 
Character requires me to Send you the inclosed, which, with 
what the Committee of Safety have done in my favour, hope 
will be sufficient evidence of my Attachment to my Native 
Country. 

As I have heretofore Served my Country both in Millatary, 
and Civil Capacity. Shall most Gratefully acknowledge Any 
favours of that kind. And endeavour faithfully to discharge 
any trust reposed in me. 

Sincerely wishing Success to the American Arms I am 
Hono^'* Sir most Respectfully, your obedient Humble Servant 

Stephen Jones 
The Hono^^* President of the Provincial 

Congress, or Hono'''® Speaker of the 
Massachusetts House of Commons 

to James Warren Es<f 

Philadelphia July 24, 1775 
Sir 

In Confidence, I am determined to write freely to you this 
Time — A Certain great Fortune and Riddling Genius whose 
Fame has been Trumpeted so loudly, has given a silly cast 
to (jur whole doings — We are between Ifawk and Buzzard 
— We ought to have had in our liands a Month ago, the 
wliole Legislative, Executive and Judicial of the whole Con- 
tinent, and have complcatly Modelled a Constitution, to liave 
raised a Naval Power and opened all our Ports wide, to have 
arrested every Friend to (iovcnniicnl on the Continent, and 
held therji as Hostages for the l^oor vii'tims in Boston — 
And then opened the Door as wide as possible for Peace and 



294 IXXJUiMENTAliY HISTOKY 

Reconciliation, after this tliey might have Petitioned and 
Negotiated and Addressed &ca if the^ would — Is all this 
Extravagant ? — Is it wild ? — Is it not the soundest Policy ? 

One Piece of News — seven Thousand Weight of Powder 
Arrived here last night — We shall send along some as soon 
as we can — But you must be patient and Frugal. 

We are lost in the extensiveness of our Field of Business 
— We have a Continental Treasury to Establish, a Paymaster 
to choose, and a Committee of Correspondence, or safety, or 
accounts or something I know not what that has confounded 
us all Day. 

Shall I hail you Speaker of the House or Counsellor or 
what? What kind of an election had you? what sort of 
Magistrates do you intend to make? 

Will your new Legislative and Executive feel bold or 
irresolute ? Will your Judicial Hang and Whip, and Fine 
and Imprison without Scruples ? I want to see our distress- 
ful Country once more — yet I dread the sight of Devastation. 

You observe in your Letter the Oddity of a great Man, He 
is a queer Creature — But you must Love his Dogs if you 
Love him, and forgive a Thousand whims for the sake of the 
Soldier and the Scholar. 

Yours 

N. B. 

This Letter was Anonymous, but wrote in the same 
hand with that Addressed to Abigail Adams. — 



J. A, to M''^ Abigail Adams. 

Philadelphia July 24"^ 1775 
My Dear 

It is now almost Three Months since I left you, in every 
part of which my Anxiety about you and the Children as 
well as our Country has been Extreme. 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 295 

The Business, I have had upon my jNlind has been as great 
and important as can be intrusted to One Man, and the diffi- 
culty and intricacy of it Prodigious, when 50 or 60 Men 
have a Constitution to form for a great Empire, at the same 
Time that they have a Country of Fifteen hundi-ed Miles 
extent to Fortify, Millions to Arm and Train, a Naval Power 
to begin, an extensive Commerce to regulate. Numerous 
Tribes of Indians to Negotiate with, a standing Army of 
Twenty Seven Thousand Men to raise, Pay, Victual and 
officer, I really shall pity those 50 or 60 Men. 

I must see you er'e Long — Rice has wrote me a very 
good Letter and so has Thaiter, for which I thank them both. 
Love to the Children 

J: A. 

I wish I had given you a Compleat History from the 
Beginning to the end of the Journey of the behaviour of my 
Compatriots — No Mortal Tale could equal it — I will tell 
you in future, but you shall keep it secret — The Fidgetts, 
the Whims, the Caprice, the vanity, the Superstition, the 
Irritability of some of us is enought to — 



Report. 

In the House of Representatives, Watertown July 25, 1775 

Motion of Major Dumer Sewall : for being Discharged from 
the Bond he is under on account of Edward Parry Esq^ Rel- 
ative to his Conduct Respecting a quantity of Masts &c 

Beg Leave to Report that Said Sewall is Willing to 
Remain Still Bound so far as Respects the safe keeping of 
said Masts &c: but Desires to be Discharged from the Resi- 
due of said I)ond wliicli your (^ommitte are of opinion may 
be granted — 

and your Connuitte are further of opinion that it will be 



296 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Unnecessary for Col° Thompson to Remove said Masts to any 
other Place : all wliich is humbly submitted 

Abra"* Watson Jun P'' order 



Address to the Continental Congress. 1775. 

House of Representatives Watertown July 28 1775 
To the Honorable the Continental Congress now Seting at 
Philadelphia Whereas it hath been Made Appear to this 
Court by a Representation from y'' Committee of Correspond- 
ence of the Town of Bristol, in the County of Lincoln, in the 
Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, that the s'' Town of Bris- 
tol, and most of the Towns & Plantations in s** County, Are 
in the utmost distress for want of provisions, and that it is 
extreame difficult to convay them any releaf by land, in there 
distressed Circumstances they most Earnestly beg of this 
Court to use our Influence with your Honors, that you would 
be pleased to permitt M'' Wilham Savage to purchaise & Ship 
to them one or more Cargoes of provision. Therefore this 
Court Refer the matter to your Honors. Requesting that 
you would take it into your consideration and do thereon, as 
your Honors in your Great Wisdom Sliall think Meete. 
pass*^ 

In the House of Representatives July 28*'' 1775 

Read & accepted & orderd to be sent to the Hon''' Conti- 
nental Congress 

Sent up for Concurrence Ja* Warren Speak'' 

July 28 1775 

In Council read & concurred as taken into a new Draught 

Atf P Morton Sec^ pro tern. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 297 

Adch'e8S to the Continental Congress. 1775. 

Colony of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the Honorable American Congress at Philadelphia. 

May it Please your Honors The distress'd Situation of 
the Eastern Parts of this Colony exhibited in the Petition 
( accompanying this Address ) from the Committee of the 
To\vn of Bristol, and the impracticability of conveying pro- 
visions to them by Land will excuse this Court for troubling 
the Congress with an Address in their behalf — The two 
Houses of Assembly humbly request your Honors to take 
their Prayer under your wise consideration, and act thereon 
as in your Wisdom you shall think proper — 

In the House of Representatives July 28*'' 1775. Read 
and ordered that the foregoing Address be sent to the Amer- 
ican Congress 

Ja* Warren Speaker 



Representation of Bristol. 1775. 

The Committee of the Township of Bristol in the County 
of Lincoln in the Province of the Massachusets beg leave to 
represent to the Honourable the Provincial Assembly now 
Assembled at Watertown the very Distress'' Situation that 
all degrees of the People are in for want of Provisions of 
every kind and in short of every necessary in Life, their Sit- 
uation is still made more bitter & alarming from the reflec- 
tion that the same want is General from the River of Kenne- 
beck to the most Easternmost part of this Province And We 
are made Acquainted that there is a Standing Resolve of the 
1 Iiiiiourablc Contenental ('(jngress that No Provisions Shoud 
be Sent frmii IIk; Southern Colonies to tins Province for fear 
of such Suj)plics falling into the liands of the; King's Troops 
or Men of Warr — 



298 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

It is our Study and desire that every Resolve of the Con- 
tinental Congress sliou'd be held sacred by us ; We are Sensi- 
ble that it may happen somtimes that Individuals or particular 
places may be Injured by Resolves which may notwithstand- 
ing be of great Utility to the Whole Continent in producing 
a repeal of the Many Obnoxious Acts & forwarding a recon- 
ciliation between the Colonies & Mother Country — Yet We 
must Petition & Beg that you will take our Peculiarly dis- 
tressd Situation under Your Wise Considerations and Grant 
Yourselves and also procure a Liberty from the Honourable 
the Contenental Congress to permit the Bearer of this M'' 
W™ Savage to Ship Us one or More Loads of Provisions from 
such places to the Southward and Wesf^ as May best Suit 
him ; And as the above named M'' William Savage has been 
amongst Us And Made himself fully Acquainted with our 
distressd Situations We beg leave to refer You to him for 
such further Information as You may require from him ; 
Having no doubt that you will Complye with this our most 
Earnest desire — 

July 29^'' 1775 

In Council read & ordered that the foregoing address be 

signed by the Secretary & forwarded to the Hon^^® American 

Congress 

P Morton Sec'^y pro tem. 



Report^ on petition of D. Scott ^ others 1775 

Waterto^vn July 29"^ 1775 
The Committee appointed to consider the Petition of Daniel 
Scott and others from Pownalborough praying that Thomas 
Rice Esq' of that place may be discharged from a Seat in this 
Honourable House and that a precept may be issued for a 
new choice &c, having attended that Service beg leave to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 299 

report the true state of facts that appeared upon examining 
the evidences & hearing both parties, so far as seems to con- 
cern his election or right to a Seat in this House, which are 
as follows viz : — 

One Savage who voted at the meeting, was objected to as 
not being qualified according to Law, & was called upon to 
make oath — this was after y*^ vote was declar'd & entered — 

Docf Rice Objected that it was too late to dispute the vote 
after it was entered and desired the meeting should be dis- 
solved — the vote was calld and it pass for dissolving by a 
majority of two and s*^ Savage did not make oath That 12 
men appeared at the meeting and declared y' M'' Rice was 
not Legally Chose as many were not voters & desir'd to have 
it reconsidered but the meeting was immediatly dissolved 
without scrutinizing y^ vote — all which facts are Humbly 

submitted 

Nath*'^ Freeman Chairman 

pr Order 



Order. 

In the House of Representatives August 3*^ 1775 
Ordered That M"" Bryant, Cap*^ Goodman and Coll' Cutt 
with such as the Hon^'® Board shall join be a Committee to 
examine M"" Edward Parry who has been brought from 
Georgetown to this Court in consequence of a Resolve of the 
late Provincial Congress of the 26 June last — & report what 
is best to be done with him 

Sent up for Concurrence Ja* Warren Speak'' 

Aug^ 3" 1775 

In Council read & concurred, & M' Lincohi and M'' Cliauii- 

cey are joiiicil 

Attest P Morton Seer* jiio Icm. 



300 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Bond. 1775. 

Know all men by these presents that We John Hobby and 
Obe Hubbs of George Town in the County of Lincoln, Mer- 
chants, are holden and stand firmly bound unto the Provin- 
cial Congress now setting for the Province of Massachusets 
Bay, or to their Successors, or any person that shall be 
appointed by the People for the Head of the Province afores'' 
in the Sum of Two thousand pounds to be paid to the said 
Congress or their Successors as afores*^ to which payment well 
and truly to be made, we bind ourselves, our heirs, Executors 
and Administrators firmly by these presents, sealed with our 
Seals, dated the fourth day of May, Anno Domini, seventeen 
hundred and seventy five. 

The Condition of the above Obligation is such that Whereas 
John Bernard Esq'' has been taken by, and now is in Custody 
of ColP" Samuel Thompson as a suspected Enemy to the 
rights of America, Now if the above bounden John Hobby & 
Obe Hubbs shall keep the said John in safe Custody till he 
shall be released by order of the Provincial Congress, and 
that the said John shall not either by himself or any for or 
under him, remove his Vessel from Long reach in Kennebec 
River & shall not write to any of the Officers of the Army or 
Navy for Protection or against the Country, then the above 
obhgation to be void, otherwise to be in force. 
Signed sealed & dehvered Jn° Hobby Seal 

in presence of Obe Hubbs Seal 

Tim° Langdon 

Henry Sewall 



Report on Examination of Edward Parry, Mast Agent. 1775. 

The Committee appointed to examine M'' Edward Parry 
have attended that service and considering his close connec- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 301 

tion and dependance on persons employed by the Crown — his 
disposition to supply our enemies with Masts, Plank &c con- 
trary to the knowTi suntiments of this people, and that his 
being restrained from doing it he considers as Acts of 
violence 

appear under his o^Aai hand beg leave to report as their opin- 
ion that the said Edward Parry be immediately sent to A some 
inland Town which shall be more than seventy miles distant 
from all the seaports in this Colony, there to be detained & 
provided for by the select men of such Town untill the far- 
ther Order of tliis Court — And if on any pretence whatever 
he shall presume to leave the B Town to which he shall be 
sent unless by order as aforesaid, he shall be taken & put 
under close confinement untill y'' farther order of this Court 

g order Benj Lincoln 
August 9*" 1775 

In Council read & accepted Sent down for Concurrence 

Perez Morton Secr^ pro temp. 

In the House of Representatives August 12, 1775 

liead & concurred with the followhig amendments dele 

the Words " some inland Town which shall be more than 

seventy miles distant from all the Sea Ports " and insert 

the Town (if II 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Sam' Freeman Speaker Pr Temp 

August 1 2, 1775 

In Council read & concurred 

Perez Morton Secr^ pro temp 
Consented to 

James Otis Jabez Fislier B Greenleaf 

Moses Gill Caleb Cushing John Taylor 

Henj'^ Cliadbourn Henja" White Enoch Freeman 

James Prescott Eldad Taylor S. Ilolten 

Cha' Chauncy J Palmer M. Farley 



£ 


S 


D 


1 


1 





3 


8 





2 


3 
6 


4 



302 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Account. 1775. 

Y)^ Colony Massachusetts Bay for Sundry Expences on 
Wounded ]\Ien & Prisoners taken in the Margueretta arm** 
Schooner ( Viz ) 
To Nath^' Sinclair for 3>^ m° Shop Rent & fuel 

for wounded Men 
Ralph Hacock for a schooner & Self to go to 

Annapolis for Surgeon for D° 
Bartholomew Bryant for washing for D° 
Nathan Longfellow for taking Ichabod Jones 
Bradbury Merill Making Cabbins for wounded 

Men & his keeping 5 8 

Job Burnhara for Boarding 3 wounded Men from 
y^ 19^^ of Aug^ 1775 to the 7'^ October 7 weeks 
@ 36/ 
D° Washing Milk & Rum for D° 
Love Kenney 3 days guarding prisoners & keeping 
John Thomas for Making 2 p"^ breeches for wounded 
Amos Boynton for house Rent Nursing Veal Sal- 
mon fowls Rice washing & firing for John Berry 
8 week @ 16/4 >^ 
Jabez West 3 Days guarding Prisoners & expences 
Joseph averell 13 Days attending 3 wounded men 

Night «Sc Day (^y 4/8 2 18 8 

John Obrien for 35 Days on Express to the Con- 
gress to git information what Should be Done 
with the Margueretta Tender & the Prisoners 7 
Abial Sprague for D° D° 7 

W™ Tupper for Trouble in taking Ichabod Jones 6 

James Dyer 3 days guarding prisoners & expenses 17 

Obadiah Hill 15 gallons Milk for Hospitall 15 

John Watt & W"" Brown for Making Cradles 

Cruches & Coffins for wounded & Killed 3 12 

Sam^^ Milberry for attending James Coolbroth 2 

Days Capt for D° 1/6 Diging Grave for D° 6/ 18 10 

X55 16 2 



12 12 





2 2 





17 




5 


8 


6 11 





17 





OF THE STATE OF MAINE 303 

Brought over X55 16 2 

James Farns worth 10 Days Time in going to 

Annapolis after a Surgeon @, 3/ 1 10 

To Horse hire after D" to Cornwallis 72 Miles 18 

To Man & Expence Going after D" 17 

To my Board 10 Days in going 16 8 

house Rent for wounded Prisoners 9 

Nathan Longfellow for attending wounded Men 4 8 
To 2 Day Board & washing for Cole & Taft 2 

wounded men 9 6 
To iNIaking Cabbins Boards & Joice & Nails for 

D° 15 10 
To 8 Q'« Milk & 25 times assisting the Doct^ 

Dress the wounded 15 

To Baking 13 Times for D° 13' 

To Rye Meal & Bear 3 
John Chaloner 19 Days attendance on surgeon 

as p' a/c 4 8 8 
Mess Smith & Stillman sending Supplies for 

wounded Men as per accomp* 9 9 6 
George Walker 3 days guarding Prisoners to 

Pleasant River & Expences * 17 

Timothy Young Diging 6 
James Dillaway for Attending wounded from 27"* 

of June _ Id'"" of Aug* 53 Day (w, 4/ 10 12 
Committee for Sundrys advanced as per acct 

Rendered 9 11 5 
Committee for Sundrys supl'd the Widow 

M-Neel 18 9 

Committee for sundry supplies as p^ ac' 13 15 6 

X124 6 8 



304 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Lord Dartmouth to Major G-en^ Howe 

Secret Whitehall 5 Sept' 1775. 

Sir 

After having in my Separate Letter of this day's date 
said so much upon the ideas which have been adopted of the 
great risque «& little advantage that are to be expected from 
the Army's continuing at Boston during the Winter season, 
unless a more favourable Prospect opens, & having also 
repeatedly suggested the advantages of recovering possession 
of New York, I have nothing to add upon those material 
Objects of your consideration, but as it is of very great 
Importance that you should know upon what ground we 
entertain confident hope of having a large Army in North 
America in the Spring, I should be unpardonable if I did not 
acquaint you that His Majesty's Minister at Petersburgh 
having been well instructed to sound the Empress, how far 
she would be disposed, in case of necessity, to assist His 
Majesty with such Force as the state & security of the 
Empire would admit ; Her Imperial Majesty has, in the full- 
ness of her affection for the British Nation, & of gratitude 
for the benefits she received under her late (hfficulties, made 
the most explicit declaration, & given the most ample 
Assurances, of letting us have any number of Infantry that 
may be wanted. 

In consequence of this generous and magnanimous Offer, a 
Requisition has been made for Twenty Thousand Men, & it 
is proposed to send the greatest part of these Auxiliaries, as 
early as possible in the Spring to Quebec ; And I trust we 
shall have at least an equal number of British Troops in 
North America to act with them, if Occasion requires. 

I am &c. 

Dartmouth 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 305 

Letter from Joseph Simpson. 1775. 

Watertown Sep-^ 9^" 1775 
Gentlemen The Town of York the Last Valuation put in 
a Considerable Trading Stock and Tons of Vessells, which 
are now Useless within a Year past One half of our Vessells 
which followed the Foreign Trade are Lost or Taken by our 
Unnatural Enemies Whereby the Usial means of Subsistance 
of a Number of families are lost to the greate Damage of the 
Town I hope you will take this into your Consideration 
and abate the Town what you in you_ Wisdom think Rea- 
sonable and you^ Oblige your Hum^*" Serv* 

Joseph Simpson 
To the Committe for taking into Consideration the State of 
the Towns &c — 



Accounts of Losses sustained at Falmouth,, in October 1775. 



Mens Names 


Loss in 
Buildings 


Personal 

Estate 


Cartage 


Sum Total 


Enoch Freeman EsqJ" 


790 


304 





10 


1104 


Stephen Lonjifellow 


1085 


74 




10 


1110 


Jeddediah Preble P:sqr 


1715 


645 




10 


2370 


John Cf)x 


523 


142 




5 


670 


Sinit'on Mayo 


1810 


334 




10 


2154 


Paul Little 


510 


167 




6 


(583 


I5enjamin Titcomb 




316 


10 




316 10 


IJenja Titcomb for 












Phillip Kelley 


120 








120 


Jonathn Morso Ju"" 


225 


46 


10 


3 


274 


Josiah Tucker 


200 


10 




3 


213 


James Purrinton 


506 


40 




3 


549 


Jane Swoetsir 


309 


6 


10 




315 


.Joseph Bayley 


300 








300 


Mflatiah Yminfr 


76 


6 




2 


84 


Col man Watson 


153 








153 


Stephen Morse 


40 


3 






43 


.loliii Stevenson 


50 


165 


10 


10 


225 10 


Moses Ilasktd 


413 


80 





8 


501 



20 



306 



DOCIJIVIENTARY HISTORY 



Mens Names 


Loss in 
Buildings 


Person 
Estate 


il 


Cartage 


Sum Total 


Benja Pettingill 


365 


25 


10 





s 


393 


10 


Benja Jenks 


80 


129 








4 


213 




Esther Stickney 




13 










18 




Jabez Bradbury 


80 


6 








2 


88 





Nathl Hale 


8 


20 






2 


30 




Peter Woodbury 


70 










70 




Thos Newman 


220 


33 






2 


225 




Simon Gookin 


15 








2 


17 




Pearson Jones 




110 






3 


118 




Paul Cammet 


26 


30 






2 


58 




Joseph Hatch 




7 








7 




Jemima Harrison 




20 






2 


22 




Margret Due 




8 








8 




Tucker & Newman ^ 
















Administrators of >■ 


230 










230 




Jonathn Thrasher j 
















Robert Dryburg 




14 






4 


18 




Josiah Bayley 


20 










20 




Abijah Parker 




10 








10 




John Thurlo 


400 


8 


6 


4 


3 


411 


5 4 


James Swain 




20 








2 


22 




John Archer 




48 






2 4 


50 


4 


John Hans 




9 






1 


10 




Thos Cobb 


100 










100 




James Frost 




11 








11 




Josiah Shaw 




8 








8 




John Butler 


1066 


451 






6 


1523 





Enoch Freeman Jun^ 




11 


12 







11 


12 


Will: Brown 




7 








7 




Joshua Lawrence 


340 


26 






3 


369 




Daniel Riggs 


120 










120 




Wheeler Riggs 


13 


6 






2 


21 




Joseph Ingraham 


200 


100 






10 


301 




Caleb Carter 


39 


16 






1 


56 




Abigail Crosby 


120 


10 






2 


132 




Willra Hoole 




15 






1 


16 




Paul Prince & Co 




500 








500 




Philip Fowler 




2 


8 







2 


8 


Saml Bradbury 


154 


12 






2 


168 




Danl Pettingill 


269 


81 






3 


353 




Mary Kelley 




102 








102 




Joseph Blancher 




460 








4G0 




Willm Hustin 


250 


13 






2 


265 




Saml Freeman Esqr 


540 


330 






3 


873 




Saml Freeman for 
















Willm Horton 




300 








300 





OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



307 



Mens Names 


Loss in 
Buildings 


Personal 

Estate 


Cartage 


Sum Total 


Geo: Burns 


7 


63 




2 


102 


Will: Harper 


389 


116 




4 


509 


Ebenzr Snow 


125 


20 


10 


3 


148 10 


Thos Bradbury 


294 


12 





3 


309 


John Baker 


228 


23 





3 


234 


Mary Coverly 


120 


30 




2 


152 


Jonathn Lambert 


100 


50 




2 


152 


Walton Stover 


400 


22 




2 


424 


Edmund Mountfort 


320 


29 




3 


852 


Noah Noyes 


370 


30 




2 


402 


Peter Merrell 


10 


5 




1 


16 


Mary Corsair 




5 






5 


Jonathn Bryant 


5 


47 






52 


Ezekiel Hatch 




114 




2 


116 


Joshua Brown 


170 








170 


John Burnam 


450 


100 




3 


553 


Ebenzr Mayo 


538 


94 




8 


630 


Moses Lunt 


66 


9 




3 


78 


Jereh Veazy 


70 


14 




1 


85 


Jeremh Berry 


173 


36 




3 


212 


John Bradbury 


36 


6 




2 


38 


Josiah Baker 


200 


6 




2 


208 


Chipman Cobb 


60 








60 


Ebenzr Gustin 


100 


4 




2 


106 


Lucy Condon 




4 


10 




4 10 


Nathi Deering 


320 


95 





1 


416 


Christr Kelly 


369 


38 




4 


406 


Joseph Riggs Junr 


240 


5 




2 


247 


Summers Shattuck 




8 


10 




8 10 


Jonatlin Morse 


140 


24 




2 


166 


John Nichols 


150 






1 


161 


Sam' Mountfort 


400 


36 




2 


438 


John Greenwood 


60 


106 




2 


168 


John Veazy 


56 


7 




8 


66 


Abrahm Stevens 




9 




2 


11 


Margeret Mabery 


500 








500 


Mary Cunningham 




13 




1 


14 


John Wood 




6 




1 


7 


Pelatial) Fernald 




36 




1 


37 


Abrahm C)sgood 


26 


44 




2 


72 


Joseph I'lmery 


100 


59 


10 




159 10 


George Warren 


230 


48 




2 


280 


Tho« Wyer 


222 


101 




2 


325 


David Wyer 




67 






67 


Isaac Randell 


18 


6 






24 


Jolm Dole 


4 


4 






8 



308 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Mens Names 



Loss in 
Buildings 


Persona] 
Estate 


Cartage 


Sum Total 






4 


8 


1 


4 


5 12 






39 




2 





41 


80 





108 
6 




4 





192 
6 


402 




5 








407 






4 




4 





8 


4 












4 


150 




28 




6 





184 






75 




2 





77 






45 








45 



Peter Warren 
Jacob Adams 
Edward Watts 
Else Greely 
Cornelius Brimhall 
Enoch Moody 
Cornelius Briggs 
Thomas Sanford 
Mary Horn 
John Johnston 
Thomas Sanford Ad- 
ministrator to Estate 
of Authur Howell 
Zebulon Noyes 
Moses Bagley 
John Martin 
Joseph Thomes 
James Gooding Junr 
Nathl U. Moody 
James Flood 
Enoch Ilsley 
Isaac Ilsley Junr 

Estate of 
Sarah Mosely Deed 
John Thrasher 
Amy Hilton 
Joseph Sylvester 
Silvanus Brown 
Joseph Quinby Jur 
Benjamin Rand 
Moses Shattuck 
Isaiah & Jos. Noyes 
Joseph Quinby 
Abijah Pool 
Joseph Harding 
Thos Motley 
Jesse Harding 
Josiah Riggs 
Timothy Pike 
Benja Waite 
Henry Y. Brown 
Henry Wheeler 
James Gooding 
John Waite 

Heirs of 
John Waite Deceasd 



34 



34 



281 


40 












323 


80 














80 


199 








3 








202 


40 


6 


12 





2 








48 12 


6 


18 






2 








26 


170 


30 






3 








203 


36 














36 


1623 


978 








6 






2607 


200 


10 






2 








212 


466 


40 












506 


75 


44 






2 








121 


253 


11 






3 








267 


203 


5 






2 








210 




10 


13 








10 13 


310 














310 


462 


94 






3 








559 


180 


268 






3 








451 


346 


107 






1 








454 


470 


40 






3 






413 


204 


8 
6 












212 
6 


70 


8 
11 






2 








90 
11 


720 


33 






3 






756 


500 


96 






5 






601 


730 


29 
15 








3 






762 
15 


40 


25 






1 






66 


404 


10 






3 








417 


640 


59 






26 








625 



605 



605 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



309 



Mens Names 



Loss in 
Buildings 


Personal 
Estate 


Cartage 


Sum Total 




80 




2 








82 


320 


11 




3 








334 


100 






2 






102 


70 


12 




2 








84 




10 




2 








12 


200 


33 




3 






230 


270 


19 




1 






290 


60 












60 


450 


47 




2 






499 


133 


8 
18 




2 
1 






143 
19 




14 





1 








15 


94 


12 




2 








108 


288 












288 


800 












800 



Ephrm Broad 
Stephen Woodman 
Moses Xoyes 
Will: Pearson 
Timothy Noyes 
Mary Bradbury 
Mary Stickney 
James Cobb 
John Tukey Juuf 
Dudley Cammet 
Sami Lowell 
John Minot 
Jonathu Elwell 
Town of Falmouth 
County of Cumberland 
Proprrs of St Pauls 
Church 
Committee for 
Joshua Moody 
John Tyng Esq"" 
Nathl Coffin 
Mrs Lowther 
Revti Thos Smith 
Anne Oulton & Comp 
Harrison Brazier 
David Woodman 
Thomas Child 
Abigail Cobham 
Kent & Oxnard 
Ephm Jones 
Moses Pearson Esqr 
Ebenzr Owen 
Roland Bradbury 
John Ingersoll 
Stejihen Waite 
Lemuel Cox 
W™ Waterhouse 
Moses Plummer 
Joseph McLallen 
Elizth Freeman 
Zach'" Nowell 
David Noyes 
Jcremli Potc 
Mary Shearman 
Jacob Bradbury 
Thomas Cumniiug 



1200 



1200 



200 


30 












230 


120 














120 


673 6 8 


48 
150 


6 











721 12 8 
150 


400 


20 






4 





424 


437 


191 






2 





630 


122 


24 






2 








148 


107 


25 
29 

56 
392 






2 
2 
3 

3 






134 
31 
59 

895 


370 


22 








2 








394 


592 


96 








3 








691 


330 


110 








2 








445 


70 








2 






72 


120 








2 






122 


935 


216 






8 






1159 




20 






1 


10 





21 10 


406 


73 






1 






480 


644 


2 






5 






561 


30 


87 






4 






121 




5 


13 











5 13 




336 


13 


8 








330 13 8 


419 


48 






4 






471 


G60 


198 
4 






•t 






858 
4 


185 


11 






2 






198 




IIUO 









10 


4 


1106 10 4 



310 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Mens Names 


Loss iu 
Buildings 


Personal 
Estate 


Cartage 


Sum Total 


John Bayley 






1 





12 6 


David Stodart 


133 


64 


3 





200 


James Johnson 




6 






6 


Lucy Smith 


60 








60 


John Fox 




150 






150 


Brackett Marston 




6 10 


6 





12 1 
54741 19 



Note. To this list was later added several names and the amount slightly 
changed. It was at the session of Congress in 1776 submitted to Congress by a 
committee of citizens consisting of Peter Noyes, John Waite, Enoch Moody, Daniel 
Ilsley, Nathaniel Wilson, Richard Codman, John Johnson, Jr., and Joseph Noyes. 
As finally corrected see Willis' History of Portland, page 900. 



Letter from Committee of Safety at Machias. 1776. 

To the Honorable Council and House of Representatives 
of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay now setting at 
Watertown. — 

Gentlemen, During the absence of Capt" Obrien, the 
Committee of this place commissioned Capt" Stephen Smith 
to take Charge of the Private-teer, & bring in here the Brigg 
Loyal Briton owned by Mess" Archibald Wilson, James 
Anderson, John Greenlaw, David Black and John Semple 
who had sent her to S* John's River in Nova Scotia to load 
with Cattle &c. for the Army at Boston ; & upon Capt" 
Smiths Arrival there, he found the said Brigg loaded & 
weighing Anchor. He thereupon took Immediate possession 
of her, without opposition and after taking the provision 
found in the Fort, burning the Fort, and taking a Corporal 
& two Privates, with two women & five Children he pro- 
ceeded with his Prize & Prisoners, ( M'' John Semple of Bos- 
ton and David Ross the mate excepted, who found means to 
Escape ), directly to this Place. An exact Inventory of the 
Goods taken in the Brigg and in the Fort we send enclosed. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 311 

The Cattle, sheep, Hogs, smoked Salmon & Butter, we have 
divided among the people, who took them, except one third 
part reserved in the Hands of the Committee for publick use : 
The other things are all Stored, & await the orders of the 
General Court. The two private Soldiers, with their wives 
& Children, at their earnest request, we have sent back to 
S' Johns, taking it for granted that they would be not only 
useless, but expensive lumber in the western parts of this 
Colony. William Miller the Pilot of the Brigg and three 
seamen are permitted to ship on board the Private-teer, and 
Capt" Frederick Sterling only, the Master of the Brigg, and 
the Corporal above-mentioned are sent to Court. Capt" 
Sterling has much to say for himself, but his conduct is not 
altogether unexceptionable : All we can say is, that he is a 
North Briton. We have given him part of his private ven- 
ture, & reserve the rest till the pleasure of the General Court 
is known. John Anderson Esq'' was also on board the Brigg, 
as a passenger who was dismissed & suffered to return to his 
own Home, not because he appeared to be a cordial friend to 
the Cause in which we have embarked, but because he 
belonged to another Province. 

Nothing material has since happened, for we can do but 
little 

We now beg leave to return your honors our Humble & 
hearty thanks for the many favors already confered upon us, 
of which we shall ever retain the most grateful remembrance. 
It would give us the highest satisfaction to find ourselves 
able, thro' the aid you have graciously given us, both in the 
Land & sea Service, to protect & support ourselves without 
giving your Honors any further trouble: l>ut such are our 
Necessitous circumstances, thro' the almost total failure of 
our commerce, upon which we have hitlicrto subsisted & by 
which we have rose to sucli magnitude, as to be in some 
measure worthy of your Honors attention, the Admii-ation of 



312 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

this Vast Continent and the dread of Halifax, and the brittish 
Navy, that we have no other alternative, but Either to 
" sink " or to make a most humble and dutiful application to 
our avowed, beloved, & beneficent Guardians. We are 
therefore under the disagreeable necessity of adding, That we 
have drawn a bill upon your Honors in favor of M'^ W™ 
Shey of Philadelphia for a Cargo of provisions, a Copy of 
which, together with the Letter of advice given with it; we 
send enclosed. We could not but View the arrival of this 
cargo of provision as a very remarkable interposition of 
Divine Providence, in our behalf, & thought ourselves indis- 
pensably bound to treat the benevolent Instrument by which 
it came, with honor. But purchase we could not ; Lumber 
would not answer, and all the Cash we could collect in the 
whole place was but barely sufficient to pay the freight. To 
suffer this provision to depart from us, & go elsewhere, would 
have been the heighth of distraction, as we were then in 
want, and armed Plunderers infested all our coasts, and 
picked up all the provision they could find ; and especially 
when we add, we had no prospect of either Quails or Manna. 
The sacred laws of self preservation, therefore, deserved 
respect to M"" Shey, the tender obligations, that subsist 
between the Guardian & his beneficiary, & the Mutual affec- 
tion of Indulgent parents & dutiful Children, all conspired to 
Justify; & even recommend a draught upon the General 
Court of the Colony. The bill is drawn, & a copy of it now 
lies before you. If it is duly honored, our Mills, our boards, 
our shingles &c our houses and not to mention the sloop 
Mechias Liberty, sloop Unity, the Margeretta, Diligent, Tat- 
amagouch, or the Infidel reclaimed ( once Loyal Briton ) our 
all is yours, till the whole is repaid. This may soon be done, 
for we are both able & willing to pay the whole amount of 
said Bill in lumber on Demand. If this bill is not Honored, 
we tremble at the consequence ! 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 313 

On this occasion we send M'' George Stillman as our Rep- 
resentative who was chosen by the Town for that purpose. 
And witli him we send the Accounts of our expence in bring- 
ing the Dead, who fell in the day of battle, or died by the 
wounds thej' then received, in taking care of the wounded, 
& in supportmg the prisoners & conveying them to Head 
Quarters, except the Doct" Bill, & the persons who attended 
him, which we choose they should present themselves. The 
charges of those persons who were lately at the General 
Court, & M' Stephen Jones's we have sent as they brought 
them in to us. But all the rest we have examined, and 
Approved. We are heartily grieved to see our expences run 
so high, but we see no way to reduce them any lower without 
doing apparent injustice. We have other enormous expences 
among ourselves which we never mean to mention in the ears 
of Government, for the greatest part of us have spent almost 
our whole time in public service since the taking of the first 
Tender. We are but an handful & every publick exertion 
required the most of our strength. And were your Honors 
graciously to add, to your parental bounty in the land «& Sea 
Service of this place, which we esteem a rich & signal favor, 
all the Prizes we have taken, we should still be sufferers. 
We ask not a farthing more than we have merited ; we expect, 
we are willing to suffer with our brethren, for it is honorable 
& Glorious to suffer in this Cause. Your Honors are well 
Acquainted with our infant state, with our critical situation, 
& with all we have done in support of the invaluable privi- 
ledges of America, & Great Britain, and we rest assured that 
you will not pennit us to suffer beyond measure. We must 
now ac(|uaint your Honoi's, that the Company of Militia at 
our western Falls have chosen JVl"^ Jonathan Knight their 
Captain M"" Daniel Miservey their first Lieutenant, & M'' 
David Longfellow tlieir second Lieutenant. The Company 
at Eastern River have chosen M"^ Joseph Sevey Captain M' 



314 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

John Scott first Lieu* & M"^ Ephraim Chase second Lieu' we 
pray therefore with submission that their commissions may 
be made out & sent down — The Town approves of M"^ Ben- 
jamin Foster as a Magistrate, but prefers M' Joseph Libbee 
to M' Nathaniel Sinkler & humbly request that both these 
Gentlemen may be made Justices of the peace. 

We also beg leave to recommend to your Honors Notice 
the Widow M'^Niel & her orphan children who are left under 
very poor circumstances. M"^ John Berry who has a family 
Ebenezer Beal of Old York, a very old Man & Isaac Taft & 
James Cole, Young men, may not be, perhaps, unworthy of 
Notice. These were all badly wounded, and it is doubtful 
whether they will ever be capable of business as they were 
before, or not. The last mentioned is still confined. Before 
we conclude, we must observe that on the 8*** Instant Eleven 
Deserters from the Somerset at Halifax arrived here, who 
informed us that the Tartar & two ships of war are now up 
the Bay of Funday, & that a Schooner of 14 Carriage Guns 
& 50 men, was fitting out at Halifax in order to Join two 
other Tenders, and proceed directly against this place. Eight 
of the said deserters are inlested on board tlie Sloop Machias 
Liberty. Should Armed Vessels come against us we should 
be in danger of falling a sacrifice, for we are very Scant of 
Powder ; as almost all that was taken in the Diligent was 
destroy'd, some body poured water into it privately. We 
earnestly beg therefore, that your Honors would please to 
send us More. 

We are Gentlemen most respectfully your most Dutiful & 

Humble Servants. 

By order of the Committee of Safety 

Ja" Lyon Ch. M. 
Machias Oct' 14*^^ 1775 

P. S. M"" Stillman is accompanied by D" Will"' Chaloner 

In Council Nov"^ ll'"^ 1775 

Read & sent down Perez Morton D^ Secr^ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 315 

Orders. 1775 

Captain Isaac Danks, 3'ou are to proceed Immediately with 
y^ Schooner Fahnouth Packet now under your Command, to 
Boston, taking Care to keep Under the protection of the Man 
of War, who Convoys you ; When at Boston you are to wait 
on William Sherriff Esq'' the Deputy Quarter Master Gen- 
eral, Whose Orders you are afterwards Implicitly to follow. 
Respecting the Cargo, on Board of you, plase to Observe the 
following Instructions — 

1" Eight Bundles of Hay Stowed in the Hold and two 
Barrels of Potatoes, are to be Delivered to Daniel Chamier 
Esq"^ Conmiissary General. 

2*^^y the Fifteen Oxen together with the Remainder of the 
Hay are to be Delivered to the Order of Major Sherriff. 

3diy Two Barrels of Potatoes are to be Delivered to 
Major Martin of the Royal Artillery. 

4thiy 'pj^g Potatoes and Turnips which are lose In the 
Hold you are to Acquaint Major Sherreff thereof and Deliver 
them to his Order ; provided he wants them, either for him- 
self, Friends or Hospital ; If he Does not want them you must 
dispose of them, and pay the proceeds Into the Hands of M"^ 
Archibald Cunningham 

I sincerely wish you _ prosperous Voyage and _ your Real 

friend_ 

Day & Scott 
October 20'" 1775 Cumberland 



Account of Loss ^ Damage sustained hy Elinha SnouK 1775. 

An Account and Estimate of the Loss & Damage which 
Elisha Snow of a Place called St Georges in the County of 
Lincoln and Colony of Massachusetts Bay has sustained by 
means of the Hostilities committed by the Ministerial Forces 



316 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in America, is as follows, viz. On the eighteenth Day of 

August 1775, David Silvester of Pownalborough in said 

County hired the Sloop Three Brothers from Robert Hodge 

& Co. of said PowTialborough, Same Day said Snow hired 

three Quarters of said Sloop from said Silvester ; on the 6'** 

of September she sailed for St. Christophers there discharged 

her Cargo, and took in 18 Hogsheads of Rum (some Sugar? 

& other articles, the particulars uncertain ) three Quarters of 

which (Rum) i. e. 1485 Gallons at 4/ g Gallon comes to 

£291. On the 6'^ of December said Sloop with her Cargo 

on her Return, on this side the shoals of Georges was taken 

by a 50 Gun Ship; the Master Benjamin Friswell, said David 

Silvester Super Cargo, and one Hand were taken on Board 

the Ship ; the Sloop with the other Hands has not since been 

heard of 

Elisha Snow 

To the Hon. Joseph Palmer Esq. Chairman of the Com- 
mittee for collecting the Accounts of Hostilities committed 
by the Ministerial Troops and Navy &c. — 
At Watertown 

The above contains an Estimate of the Loss ( by means of 
the Hostilities &c. aforesaid ) sustained by the Inhabitants of 
tlie Plantation called the Eastern Township on St Georges 
River, so far as has come to our Knowledge 

Patrick Porterfield 
Chairman of the Committee per Order 

Memorial of Com^^ of Safety/ of iV. Yarmouth ^ New 
Glocester. 1775. 

North Yarmouth October 24, 1776. 
To the Honourable his Majesty's Council and the Hon- 
ourable the House of Representatives of the Colony of the 
Massachusetts Bay. 



OF THE STATE OF RLAIKE 317 

May it please your Honours The Destruction of the Town 
of Fahnouth on the 18**^ current by a Fleet under the com- 
mand of Capt'' Mowit ( the particulars of which your Honours 
have doubtless been informed of) has greatly alarmed this 
part of the Country, which we fear is destin'd to Devastation 
and Ruin, by our cruel & unnatural Enemies — but our 
greatest fears at present are, that our Enemies design to take 
possession of Falmouth Neck, & fortifie an Eminence that 
overlooks the Town & Harbour there, as it has been reported 
that Captain Mowit has hinted that he expected to winter at 
Falmouth with as many of the Kings Ships, as the Country 
round wou'd afford subsistance for — Those of your Honours 
who are best acquainted with this part of the Country must 
be sensible that Falmouth affords a Harbour the most com- 
modious for the Kings Ships to winter in of any perhaps 
between Boston and Hallifax — that the Hill on the Neck 
may be easily so fortified, as with a small garrison of men, 
and a Fleet below to defend it, they may defie all the Force 
of this part of the Country, if not the united Forces of the 
whole Continent to rout them — And shou'd such an Event 
take place, not only this County, but all the Eastern Shore 
with the whole Province of Maine, may be lost to the Country 
for ever — The Consequences of which wou'd doubtless be 
most severely felt by the whole Continent, not only in the 
heavy loss, of so great a part of the Country, to the Commu- 
nity, but by the great Advantage such an Acquisition wou'd 
l)e to our Enemy in furnishing them with plenty of Lumber 
of all sorts Masts for their Navy, with Provision &c — 

We therefore beg that your Honours wou'd take tlie dis- 
tressed state of this part of the Country into your immediate 
Consideration, and afford us sucli assistance as in your great 
wisdom you shall judge best, either by seconding our Petition 
to his Excellency General Washington praying Him to take 
this part of the Country under his immediate Protection & 



318 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

send forces to fortifie & garrison the said Eminence on Fal- 
mouth Neck, or shou'd he decline it, by affording us such 
Assistance yourselves, in men and Military Stores ( in both 
which we are greatly deficient for such an undertaking ) as 
may secure us from becoming the inevitable Prey of our mer- 
ciless Enemies, for shou'd they once get footing in Falmouth, 
we shall to all human appearance, be soon reduced to the 
wretched alternative of yielding ourselves up into the hands 
of those whose Tender Mercies are cruelty, or of flying with 
our families naked & forlorn of all earthly subsistance to 
some other part of the Country, dependent upon Charity for 
our daily bread ! We hope your Honors wont consider & 
treat our Fears as chimerical & groundless — 

P'or further particulars we beg leave to refer you to D'' 
Russel the Bearer, a Gentleman who will be capable to give 
any further light and Information respecting the dangerous 
state of this part of the Country that your Honours may 
think proper to require — We are with great Respect and 
Deference your Honours most obedient and very Humble 
Servants 

Jer : Powell g Order of the Committee of Safety for North 
Yarmouth 

Isaac Parsons p'^ order of the Committee of Safty for New 
Glocester 

In Council Ocf 28th 1775 Read & sent down 

Perez Morton Dp^ Secr^ 

In the House of Representatives Ocf 30 1775 — 
Read and Order'd that M"" Story CoP Thompson M^ Cross 
& M"^ Pitts with such as the Hon"^^ Board shall appoint, be a 
Committee to take into Consideration the within Memorial 
together with a Letter from Jeremiah Powell Esq"^ accom- 
panying and report 

Sent up for Concurrence 

William Cooper Speak"^ Pro Tern. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 319 

In Council Octo' 30*^ 1775 

Read & concurred & Benj* Chadbourn, Jn° Whetcomb & 
Cha Chauncey Esq" are joined 

Perez Morton Dp'' Ser^ 



Letter from Jer'^ Powell. 1775. 

North Yarmouth Octo' 24. 1775. 

To the Honourable Coucil, and to the Honourable House 
of Representatives of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay — 

May it please your Honours — Last Evening came up to 
this Town from the Halifax armed Schooner, belonging to a 
Fleet, viz the Canceaux the Semitry & the Spitfire, lying 
in Hog Island Road under the Command of Capt Movvit 
Three men Deserters from said Schooner, who ran away with 
the Yawl belonging to said Schooner, from a watering Place 
on Hog Island where they witli one man more under the 
Command of a Midshipman were sent on Shore to take in 
Water — They came & delivered themselves up to some of 
our Militia who were at work erecting a Battery on the 
Shore — And give us the following Inteligence That on 
Monday the IG^'* Current the s'^ Fleet arrived in Casco Bay. 
That the same Day their Orders were read to them which 
were to burn, sink & Destroy every Thing to the Eastward 
of Boston that they cou'd not conveniently carry off with 
them. 

That Tuesday the Fleet went up to Falmouth & came too 
in a Line before the Town — That Wednesday Morning 
about 9, o'clock they began to fire upon the Town, and 
about 2 Hours after the Fire began Boats were sent on Shore 
to fire the Houses Vjy liand — that the men went on Shore 
unarmed, and to their apprehension not more than 20 were 
on Shore at any one Time. Further they say, that the 



320 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

greater part of the Buildings that were burnt were fired by 
Hand — The mens names are Charles Stuart Quarter Master, 
John Elliot and Daniel Streetland Foremastmen, the two 
first taken out of Vessels which they took, & are now detained 
in Boston Harbour, & the last impressed out of a Schooner 
at Halifax — 

The men give a fair and honest Ace* of themselves and 
agree very well in their Relation of the fore mentioned Facts — 
We have sent them to the Committee of Scarborough to be 
forwarded to the General Court at Watertowu, where when 
they arrive your Honors will have Opportunity for further 
Examination as may be tho't proper — The Yawl in which 
they made their Escape is now in our keeping. And should 
be glad to receive Orders what shall be done with her. 

I am your Honours most obedient and most humble Servant 

Jer : Powell Chairman 

of the Committee of Safety 

In Council Octo' 28*^' 1775 Read & sent down 

Perez Morton Dp^ Secr^ 

Report. 1775. 

The Committee appointed to Consider of Vessels taken 
into Custody between Penobscut & Machias beg Leave to 
Report, that the Schooner Falmouth Packet bound from 
Nova Scotia to Boston Isaac Danks Master brought into 
Gouldsborough & deliverd up to the Committee of Safety of 
said Place having Receiv'd & Examined the papers belonging 
to said Vessel have Detain'd her & her Cargo by Virtue of 
the Trust Reposed in us. Copy of his orders from his owners 
you have herewith — in the Name & by order of the Committee 

Sam^ Jordan 

Gouldsborough Novem' 1775 

To Whole General Court 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 321 

" Letter to Gen^ Fryer Nov. U, 1775. 

Watertown Nov' 14'^ 1775 — 
Sir You are directed upon the receipt of the Commission 
inclosed, immediately to repair to Falmouth to take the Com- 
mand of all the men in the County of Cumberland raised for 
the defence of the Sea Coasts and if you find it necessary for 
the Safety of said Town and County you are directed to call 
together their Militia or part thereof and take the Command 
of them also, and discharge them as soon as the service will 
admit, you are also directed to do all in your Power to pre- 
vent the Enemy from making any further depredations in 
that County, & to that end you are Ordered to fortify such 
Advantageous Parts as in your Opinion will most Conduce 
to so Salutary a Purpose 

In the name & by Order of y^ Council 

James Otis Presd* 



Report. 1775. 

The Committee appointed by both Houses to take under 
consideration the circumstances of the Seaports of this colony 
and where it will be Necessary to keep forces during the 
Winter season and to make Report — 

beg leave to make the following Report that they have 
attended that Service and are of opinion that it is Necessary 
that there should be stationed at Glocester Two hundred and 
fifty men at Marblehead one hundred men at Tarpaulin Cove 
one hundred & fifty men and at Falmouth in the County of 
Cumberland Three hundred men which may serve under a 
proper officer as a guard for all the Sea Coast in the Counties 
of York & Cumberland Excepting Kittery where Your Com- 
mittee are of opinion there ought to be stationed not less 

21 



322 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

than fifty men and at Hingham Braintree and Weymouth 
Two hundred men. 

James Prescott p"" order 

In Council Dec" 21 1775 Read & sent down 

Perez Morton Dp^ Secr^ 



Letter from Haunce Bobinson ^ W^ Walton. Jan. 6, 1776. 

St Georges Janu'^ y^ 6/1776 
Hon"-^ Sir. 

Having Received the Money Sent for Billitting of Capt 
Samuel Gragg Company Two Months We do Not Find that 
the Said Company Contained More Then Fifty Eaight Men 
Including offesers That Past Musster and Upon Taking 
Corn" James Cargill Advise We Have Not Payd any More 
& There Remains two Pound Eight Shillings Laful Money 
in our Hands, and we Bedg the feavour of Your Hon' Direc- 
tions, as We Desire Nothing But What is Honerabel 

From Your Friends and Most obedient Humbel Servents 

Haunce Robinson 
Will'" Watson 
Superscribed 
To The Hon"^ John Tayler Esq'' in Watertown 



Letter from Stephen Parker to Gen. Washington. 
Jan. IS, 1776. 

Yarmouth Nova Scotia 15^^ Jan^ 1776 
May it please your Excellency 

Impelled by the triple tyes of affection for my Country, 
Attachment to Liberty, and concern for my family Interest 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 323 

and place of residence, I am embolden'd to break thro' the 
rules of formality, and inform your Excellency, that at 
Annapolis in this Government, a schooner with hands 
impressed, which had two Cask of Powder, and an equivalent 
in ball, ship'd by some officers in the Governments service, 
was sent to S*^ Johns river, with orders to put the Powder, 
Ball, &c into the hands of the savages there, and stir them 
up to cut off the inhabitants of Mechias, having an Officer 
on board to whose care the matter was committed. Thrice 
they put out of the harbour & by violent winds, were drove 
back, the last time the vessel narrowly escaped being lost, 
which adverse Providence has induced them to lay by their 
design at present. At the same place a Ship of Six hundred 
tons, collecting stores for Boston, was lately cast away with 
entire loss of Vessel & Cargo — This intelligence may be 
relyed on. 

Altho I am from circumstances, disagreably here at Pres- 
ent, my most fervent wishes are, that the Noble struggles for 
American Liberty may be succeeded. That your Excellency 
may receive all Wisdom, Valour, and Protection, in your 
exalted station, from the Supreme Parent of those Blessings, 
and be the happy Instrument of bringing our distresses to an 
honorable, speedy, and effectual close, is the unfeigned 
prayer of Your Excellencys most obedient devoted humble 
servant 

Stephen Parker 

This letter was wrote with a view of embracing the first 
oportunity to send it the General. John Frevoy of Yar- 
iiioulli in M'' Stanleys schooner promis'd to call at my lodg- 
ings before he sailed for Marblehead last winter, but failing 
of calling I had not oportunity to send it, fearing to give it 
him long before he saild, lest it might be known in Nova 
Scotia — 



324 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Copy of Letter from Stephen Parker to Christopher Prince 
" Enclosed to Gren^ Washington^ Jan. 16, 1776. 

Yarmouth N Scotia 16*'^ Jan^ 1776 
Dear Sir 

Neither for toryism or any other offence against Church or 
State am I here, a place not long since to me the least 
expected & at present the least desired. My scituation is 
from a similar to the peasant who secure in his cottage 
observes the rising storm with tranquil mind but more truely 
comparable to the trembling merchant that from a barren 
Cliff beholds the rushing tempest lash the furious waves 
which threaten each moment to devour his expectations & 
wealth. Dont ask me why. I draw aside the curtain of 
reserve & answer thus, my lot is providentially cast & the 
small property I own fixd in a place whose inhabitants have 
not been the least active in annoying & destroying what they 
deem'd inimical to this Countrys welfare. Their vigorous 
exertions have made it absolutely necessary to keep a con- 
tinual guard for the defence of their humble possessions the 
price of their past labour & presage of their future livelihood 
which being wholly incompatible with those vocations that a 
daily support calls for have by consequence not only stag- 
nated but almost annihilated trade their whole dependance & 
introduced want, distress & every concometant evil. 

You may remember I intimated to you a design of visiting 
the Southward in a letter — 

The first of July last I took passage for Philadelphia in 
hopes of meeting with some open door to remove my family 
there, but finding Lumber the only article I could export in 
lieu of my property if I Disposed of it, would bear no price 
or scarcely more than pay freight I was obliged to abandon 
the thought & return where in my way back happening at 
Nantucket I met some business that with succeeding circum- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 325 

stances brought me to this place, at which I arrived the first 
of November — 

The conceptions M""^ Parker my friend & the inhabitants 
have of my long absence I am a stranger to but tis not 
improbable they deem me a prisoner in Boston as I have rea- 
son to think they have had no oportunity of hearing where I 
am, should a conveyance from Anapolis offer of sending my 
family word a line from you to M""* Parker informing my 
design is to see her soon as possible, and if not disagreable 
your enclosing her this letter would lay me under very great 
obligations. 

My dear Sir, is not this a dismal day, when our late peace- 
able habitations are invaded by hostile arms. Our safety, our 
lives held by the most precarious tenure. Famine threatning 
our once flourishing quarters, plunderers prowling from port 
to port, preying on the property of the distressd honest & 
industrious, and every evil with accumulated force sweeping, 
till now this happy land — In what direction or to what 
place shall we flee for safety. To Nova Scotia say you, 1 
answer not, discord & disorder prevail here jealousy & dis- 
trust have seized the humane breast & expected dangers 
appall every countenance. Tis true the Royal word is past 
& government encourages with promises fair & doubtless 
faithful the loyal sufferer that shall shelter himself under 
this wing, but inefl'ectual scheme — will fanning breezes 
quench a rapid flame or smooth expressions tame the fiery 
courser O my Country — ray Country — believe me Sir 
there is an unalienable tye, & the tenderest sensations forbid 
a diverse. In whom, or where, in every feeling heart. Can 
a woman dash the fruit of her womb against tlae poignards 
point, or call forth the savage of the desart to destroy her 
smiling sons & daughters ? can she turn her once fostering 
hand on which her tender offspring proud of their parentage 
so fondly lean'd, against their breasts her own & every vital 
pore, forbid it Heaven — 



326 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

But while I thus rove o'er the landskip of disorder I forget 
I may obtrude on your serene mind gloomy ideas & dismal 
presages Let the Sons of ambition inebriate at the fountain 
of Honour till they quench their insatiable thirst, The vota- 
ries of mammon drive thro golden mines till they cry enough 
of shining dust Rapine & violence bleed upon its own point 
and the authors of publick calamitys gasp out their contagious 
breath in a halter return but peace with humble fare and the 
gay like Indians fond for me may share all featherd fopperies. 

I have only to add, my fervent prayers to the Almighty, 
that he would be pleased to bestow on you & yours every 
blessing with the full enjoyment of internal & external peace 
and tranquility assuring you I am 

Dear Sir most sincerely your obedient humble Servant 

Stephen Parker 

Go'py of Receipt. Jan. 18., 1776. 

Machias January 18, 1776 — 
Then received of M"^ James Lyon Chairman of the Com- 
mittee of Safety three Rolls of paper, whereon are several 
plans, that were taken out from among M'' Thomas Sprys bag- 
gage, & two small paper books, containing directions for sail- 
ing into divers harbors. And a piece of parchment or paper 
in a frame, containing signals &c. all which I have received 
for the use of the United Colonies, as I am in their service — 

Aaron Willard 
A true Copy Ja* Lyon 

Letter from James Lyon. Jan. 19, 1776. 

Machias Jan. 19, 1776. 
Sir I think it my Duty to remind you, as you have doubtly 
been informed of what we have done that we generously too gen- 
erously returned to the officers taken in the Schooner Diligent 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 327 

all their private property, & among their things all the plans 

of this Continent, in their possession, which oversight we 

greatly regret, & for which we can make no apology but our 

distress & confusion at that time, which would not admit of 

our attending to this matter as its vast importance required. 

Lieut. Knights goods are all sent away Lieut. Spry's only 

remain in our possession. These goods by Capt. Willards 

advice we have examined & have found the scetches now in 

our hands, together with a valuable compass some slop cloath- 

ing &c which is recorded. I now, in behalf of the Committee, 

humbly ask, if Lieut. Thomas Spry has not forfeited all his 

right to said goods ? I therefore beg advice & direction of 

the Honorable General Court, which we should be glad to 

receive as soon as may be — 

By order of the Committee of Safety 

I am your Honors most humble & obechent servant 

Ja« Lyon Ch M 
The Honorable Ja" Otis Esquire 

Sir Capt. Willard can give you farther information, to 

whom I refer you. — 

In Council Feb^ 15^^ 1776 

Read & committed to Benj* Lincoln Esq'' with such as the 
Hon' House shall join 

Sent down for Concurrence Perez Morton D Seer'' 

In the House of Representatives Feb. 15, 1776 

Read and concurred and ColP Lovel & Coll Bhss are 
joined 

William Cooper Speak"" Pro Tem. 



Letter to the Committee of l^afety at Macliias. 

Gentlemen. 

Yours of the 29"' of January last by Cap^" Willard to the 
President of the Council is now before us. The subject 



328 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

matter thereof hath been duly consider'd. Altho' we could 
wish that the plans in possession of Lieutenant Knight had 
been detained, yet we are far from censuring the Inhabitants 
of Machias for not doing it. We are inform'd they are now 
in his hands. Some steps will be taken to secure them. We 
approve the measures you have taken with regard to Lieu- 
tenant Spry's goods. You will safely retain the whole. 



L^ George Germain to Maj^ Gen^ Howe 

Whitehall February 1^* 1776 
Sir, 

Since my letter to you of the 5**^ of January every effort 
has been exerted in the different Departments, to bring for- 
ward the Preparations for the ensuing Campaign in North 
America, and though the Severity of the Weather, almost 
beyond what has ever been known in this Country, very 
much obstructs the Service in the Naval Department, yet I 
am encouraged to hope that the Reinforcement for the Army 
under your Command will be embarked before the end of 
March, and that the Armament intended for Quebec may be 
ready much sooner. 

The unfortunate Events, which have happened in Canada, 
make it necessary that we should not only exert every 
Endeavour for the relief of Quebec as early as possible, but 
also for having a Force there, ready to commence its Opera- 
tions, as soon as the Season will admit. 

The great Attention, which the King shews upon all occa- 
sions to the rank & Merit of His Officers, would have led 
His Majesty to have appointed Major General Clinton to 
command upon this Service, under Major General Carleton, 
but as His Majesty's Pleasure has been already signified that 
he should command the Body of Forces to be employed 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 329 

upon an Expedition to the Southward, & he is, by this time 
probably sailed for Cape Fear, in order to wait their Arrival, 
His Majesty has thought fit that Major General Burgoyne 
should act as Second in Command to General Carleton in 
Canada, and that he should proceed thither with the Eight 
Regiments from Ireland, which I hope will be ready to sail 
by the 20'*^ of next Month. 

If Quebec should faU before any Relief can be got thither 
and Major General Carleton should unhappily not survive the 
Loss of it, the King's Intentions are that, in such an Event, 
the Command of the whole of His Majesty's Forces in North 
America should devolve upon you. It is also His Majesty's 
Intentions immediately to appoint Majors General Clinton, 
Burgoyne, Lord Percy & Lord Cornwaliis, Lieutenant Gen- 
erals in America ; The old Colonels, who now act as Briga- 
diers, are to have Commissions as Majors General ; and the 
other Colonels will be appointed Brigadiers. 

In case of Major General Carleton's death it will remain 
with you to dispose of the different Commands, as you, in 
your discretion, shall think fit. It will consequently be in 
your power to leave the Command of the Troops on the Side 
of Canada to Major General Burgoyne, or, if you think it 
more advisable you may appoint General Clinton to that Ser- 
vice ; And it being His Majesty's Pleasure that Major Gen- 
eral Lord Cornwaliis should be employed in Canada, he & 
his Regiment are to be sent thither as soon as he joins the 
Army under your Command. 

In the present state of Affairs in North America the Secu- 
rity of Nova Scotia & Newfoundland are Objects of Atten- 
tion ; and I am commanded by the King to signify to you 
His Majesty's Pleasure that the two Battalions of Marines, 
now serving under your Command, or any part of them you 
shall judge necessary, should be posted at Halifax, and that 
a Detachment of Major (xorham's Corps be posted at St. 



330 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

John's in Newfoundland, as a Garrison will be wanted there. 
It is also his Majesty's Pleasure that as many of the private 
Men of the 65'^ Regiment as are fit for Service should be 
turned over to the 27*'^ Regiment, and if there are more than 
will complete it, you will incorporate them in any other 
Corps ; That the 21^^ Regiment, when so completed, be 
joined to the Army under your Command, and that the Com- 
missioned & Noncommissioned Officers & Invalids of the 
65*^ be sent home to England. 

I must not omit to acquaint you, before I leave the Sub- 
ject of Military Arrangement, that the Officers of the Guards 
have expressed such Spirit & Zeal for His Majesty's Service, 
that His Majesty has ordered a Detachment of a Thousand 
Men rank & File, with Officers in proportion, to serve under 
you in America, and I have only further to add, that the 
King is so desirous of expressing upon every occasion His 
Royal approbation of the General Officers serving in the 
principal Ranks in America, that He has declared His Inten- 
tions that he will not employ any General Officer from hence 
who may be superior in rank to Majors General Clinton, 
Burgoyne, Lord Percy or Lord Cornwallis. 

This letter will be entrusted to the Care of the Commander 
of His Matys Ship Greyhound, who will also deliver up to 
you the Officers of the Privateer fitted out by the Rebels 
under a Commission from the Congress, & taken by one of 
Admiral Graves's Squadron. The private Men have all vol- 
untarily entered themselves on board His Majesty's Ships, 
but the Officers having refused so to do, it has been judged 
fit to send them back to America, for the same obvious rea- 
sons that induced the sending back the Rebel Prisoners 
taken in Arms upon the Attack of Montreal in September 
last. 

It is hoped that the Possession of these Prisoners will 
enable you to procure the Release of such of His Majesty's 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 331 

OflBcers and loyal Subjects as are in the disgraceful Situation 

of being Prisoners to the Rebels, for although it cannot be 

that you should enter into any Treaty or Agreement with 

Rebels for a regular Cartel for the Exchange of Prisoners, 

yet I doubt not but your own Discretion will suggest to you 

the means of effecting such Exchange without the King's 

Dignity & Honor being committed, or His Majesty's Name 

used in any Negociation for that purpose ; And I am the 

more, strongly urged to point out to you the Expediency of 

such a Measure, on account of the possible Difficulties which 

may otherwise occur in the case of foreign Troops serving 

in North America 

I am &c 

Geo : Germain. 



LoHS at Majorhagivaduce. 1776 

We the Committee of Safty for Majorbigwaduce Being 
Supplicated by M'' Daniel Wordwell of this District for our 
assistance to inable him to Make Known unto M"^ Deane M' 
John Adames M'' Wythe Committee appointed By the Hon- 
orable Continental Congress to Receive accounts of Losses 
Sustained by the Ministerial troops this is therefore to Cartify 
their Honors the Committee and all others to whome it may 
Concerne that the above said Wordwel Did on the twelveth 
Day of September 1775 Saile from tliis place in a Sloop 
( being his own proppety laden with Cord wood ) for piscatta- 
qua with other articals as hides and Cash in order to procure 
provision for him selfe and Nighbours being on his Returne 
whome was taken by a man of war belonging to the King 
and finily Lost vessel and Effects, the Said Vessel was taken 
by our Enemy September the 30"' 1775 and we the Said 
Committee having Maid Strict In(|uire into the premeses fmd 



332 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Said Vessel to be Burden'^ Sixty three tuns Saven years old 
two good Cabels and anchors Second Sute of Sals about halfe 
worne Verey good Standing Rigin Sixty Dollars in Stors 
being the property of Said Wordwel and the whole depend- 
ence the Said Wordwel had for the Suport of himselfe and 
family the whole of the above we Judge to be worth the Sum 
of two Hundred and fifty Eight pounds Lawfull money on 
board s*^ Sloop ( belonging to the Distrest Inhabetants ) when 
taken Leather Cash & Nails to the Value of thirty Dollars. 

Joseph Young \ 
Mark Hatch > Committee 
Joseph Perkins ) 

Majerbigwaduce february the 1** 1776 
then Jeremiah Wordwel and Peter Mugrige Came before us 
the Committee of Safty for s*^ Majerbigwaduce they being the 
two hands belonging to daniel Wordwels Sloop when taken 
by a man of wor and after being Examaned and duly Cosh- 
oned to declare the whole truth Seresly and Solomly declard 
it was in Every Surcomstance as Related by us 

Joseph Young \ 
Mark Hatch S Com 
Joseph Perkins ) 



Petition of Nathan Jones 1776 

To the Hon^'® the Council and House of Representatives 
of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay — 

The petition of Nathan Jones of Gouldsborough, Humbly 
Sheweth, 

That whereas sundry people of a place called Dear-Island, 
did in the Month of August last forcibly take and carry away 
a Vessell, Gundalo and Bull belonging to your petitioner, 
much to the damage of the Inhabitants in general, and of 



OF THE STATE OF ISIAINE 333 

your petitioner in particular. And whereas your honors did 
in the Month of December last, pass an order that said Ves- 
sell should be detained untill further orders, Wherefore your 
petitioner humbly prays your honors would grant him a hear- 
ing upon said matter, and your petitioner as in duty bound, 
will ever pray &c 

Nathan Jones 
Watertown Feb^ 3M776 



Letter from W"^ Cutter. Feb. 16, 1776. 

To the Whole Court — 

I would inform Your Honr' As Joshua Fabyan Esq"^ and 
My Self was Appointed to Raise two Companys in the County 
of Cumberland We have Attended that Service and by Agree- 
ment with Esq' Fabyan I Eng*''^ to Raise a Company in the 
Easterly part of the County — I would Acquaint your Hone's 
that I have Enlisted a Company in North Yar**^ Brunswick 
Harpswell New Glocester New Boston and Windham Con- 
sisting of Ninety Men Encluding officers — the above S'** 
Company Mete thiss day & Chose for their Cap* M" Win- 
throp Boston Mess' Nathan Merril & Robert Duning Lef-* 
M' Thomas Addams Ensi" — then immediately Marched for 
Cambridge — where I hope they will soon Arive — I am with 
Great Respect Your Hum^*' Sr* 

William Cutter 



Report. 1776. 

In the House of Representatives Feb' 16 1776 

The Committe appointed to take into Consideration the 
Petition of Nathan Jones of Gouldsborough seting forth that 



334 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

he had a Vessel Gundelow & Bull taken forcably from him 
& praying that he may have a hearing thereon — Beg Leave 
to Report by way of Resolve — Viz* Resolvd that the Person 
or persons who have in Custody the Vesel Gundelow & bull 
of the said Nathan Jones be & hereby _ Directed to apply to 
the Committe appointed by this Court to Examine into the 
Reason & Justness of the Capture of any Vessel or Vessels 
that have or may be taken in Custody by any Committe of 
Inspection Safety of Correspondence of any Town place or 
District or other person between penobscott & Mechias on or 
before the Twentieth Day of March next in Order to deter- 
min the Justness of taking said Vessel Gundelow &c, and in 
case they Neglect so to do the Captor or Captors are hereby 
Ordered and Directed to Deliver said Vessel with all they 
took with her to Nathan Jones or his Order imediately after 
the Expiration of said time. 



N" 5 

In the House of Representatives Feb'"^ 16***, 1776. 
Joseph Palmer Esq"^ brought down a Report of the Com- 
mittee on the Letter of M. Lyon of Machias received yester- 
day. 

Pass'd in Council viz* 

In Council Feb^^ 16**^ 1776. Read and accepted and 
Order'd that the first Letter herein mention'd be sign'd by 
the Secretary by order of the General Court, and be sent to 
the Committee of Safety at Machias, and that the last recited 
Letter be sign'd by the Secry by order aforesaid, and be sent 
to the Committee of Correspondence of Northampton 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Read & Concurrd 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 335 

Deposition. 

The Deposition of Jeremiah Wardwel of majerbigwaduce 
being of Lawfull age testifies and Says that I the deponant 
did on or about the 12*'^ day of September in the year 1775 
Sale from Said majerbigwaduce in the Sloop Trythena Laden 
with Cordwood for piscataqua in order to procure Stoores and 
upon our Returne on the 30"^ day of the same month was 
taken by a man of war ( viz ) the Livele and finely Lost Ves- 
sel and Effects the Vessel was when taken about 7 years old 
had 2 Cable and anchers Secont Sute of Sales about halfe 
worne Verey good standing Rigin had on bord that belonged 
to my fathe_ daniel wordwel about Sixty DoUers worth of 
Stors there was Leather Cash and Nails on bord said vessel 
when taken about thirty three doUers worth tliat belonged to 
the Inhabetants of said majerbigwaduce Said Vessel is bur- 
dened 63 tuns 

Jeremiah Wardwell 

Colony Massachusetts Bay Feb^ 20"' 1776 

Jeremiah Wardwell made solemn Oath to the truth of the 
above 

Before John Taylor 

Justice Peace thr6 y" Colony. 

Letter from Edwd Parry. 1776. 

Gentlemen I take the Liberty of addressing myself to you, 
and acquaint you, that having many unsettled and domestic 
Affairs in New Hampshire, where 1 used to reside, I petitioned 
the Hon'''® the General Court of this Colony to release me, 
that J miglit return thither, previous to their ordering me 
into this Town, and putting me under your Care: my Affairs 
tliere still continue in the same unsettled precarious state, 
and am also in want of cloathing and other necessaries, I sup- 



336 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

posed their intention was to confine me here only for a short 
time, as I enjoyed no Office or commission under the Crown, 
nor ( as I thought ) had done any Injury to the Colonies, the 
duration of time they intended to confine me may possibly be 
elapsed ; and if not, I apply to you Gentlemen to grant me 
liberty to return to my Home some time this Spring, and will 
return here whenever I am required; If you do not think 
that you can consistently grant me permission, be pleased to 
request your Representative to communicate my desire to the 
General Court, and you will greatly oblige 

Gentlemen your most obedient humble Servant 

Edw*^ Parry 
Sturbridge Feb. 27*'' 1776 

To the Selectmen of the Town of Sturbridge 

In Council April S*'^ 1776 

Read & Ordered that the Petitioner have leave to proceed 
to Portsmouth on the Parole of his Honor to collect his 
Cloathing & settle his Business there so that he exceeds not 
the term of three months 

Sent down for Concurrence Perez Morton D Sec''^ 

In the House of Representatives April 8"^ 1776 

Read & nonconcurr'd J Warren Spkr 



Sturbridge March y'' 11*'' 1776 
Sir We have received the inclosed application from M"" 
Edward Parry for leave to return to his home in New 
Hampshire ; We should imagine that his desire is reasonable 
and may be Complied with, and have no reason to think his 
requisition would be any detriment to the Public Affairs of 
the Colonies ; but as we Cannot see that we can Consistently 
grant him permission of our selves — we request of you to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 337 

Communicate his application to the Honorable the General 

Court, and signify the result to 

Sir your Humble Servants 

Daniel Fisk "^ 

_^ . - -^, Selectmen 

Daniel rlympton I 

Moses Weld f ^ 

XI TT 11 1 I Sturbndge 

John Holbrook j ° 

To Capt Timothy Parker 



Letter from Thnothy Pickering. March 19, 1776. 

Salem March 19, 1776 
Sir The Selectmen of Salem this day delivered to John 
Obrien two hundred pounds of powder for the use of the 
privateers Dihgent & Machias Liberty in the service of this 
colony, as will appear by the inclosed receipt. The said 
Obrien shewed us a letter from Francis Abbot written for 
you as Commisary General, to Rich"* Derby f Esq"" requesting 
him to furnish Obrien with that quantity of powder ; but as 
the town had purchased the whole his vessel brought home, 
Obrien applied to us ; and as the necessity appeared to be 
urgent we supplied him upon certain expectation of receiving 
the same quantity of you when requested, to be delivered at 
Salem without any expence to the town, or paid for at the 
price mentioned in the receipt, as the selectmen sh*^ chuse. 
Of all which they give you this early notice, & pray that 
provision may be made for replacing the powder on the 
shortest notice, if they should judge it necessary for the 
town's safety. 

I am. Sir, your most h'ble Servant 

Tim. Pickering j"^ 
By order of tiic Select men 

Superscribed 
'J'o Richard Devens Escj"" At Wateitown 

22 



338 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Major Daniel llsley. March 20, 1776. 

Falmouth March 20*'> 1776 
To the Honourable Counsel for the Provence of the Mas- 
sachusetts Bay — 

May' Pleas Your Honours — the Commission I hold under 
Your Honours Gives me the Command of the Sea Cost men 
Stationed at Fahnouth — at Present — which is my Apology 
for troubeling Your Honours at this time — I Expected when 
General Fry left falmouth there w** be a Co" appointed and 
Sent to take the Command in a Short time — as I Cant hear 
of aney appointment Neither have I Rec^ aney Instructions 
how to fortify or where — General Fry has a New Plan 
which no Doup* Your honours has Seen — this Plan will 
Command the Ground with Equil Strength on Every Side 
Avhich is not Nesecary two Sides of this fort will have So 
grate advanteg of the ground that it may be Defended by 
Small Arms against a Verey Powerfull Enemy and Shuld the 
general Vew this ground when the weather was more mod- 
erate he might Change his mind — I think there is too much 
work Dun on the foorts at falmouth to be Laid aside — the 
Judgment of the County was taken Before the work was 
begun — and I Cant think that the first Plan will be matee- 
rially objected to by any that will View the ground — we 
have Now 300 men in falmouth and Capt Morten at Cape 
Elizabeth with 80 men the guards on the Sea Cost are not 
yet Stationed — the Reports of the Enemy Leaving Boston 
and others ariveing at Hallifax is the Reason for Keeping the 
Sea Cost men Near togather we might have Dun Sumthing 
in Prepareing Pickets &c But General Fry advised me Not 
til I Received orders — the Cariges for Cannon wheel & 
handbarows are makeing the Soldiers Came without Powder 
the greater Part of them and Many of them without Ball 
I have Supplid without medling with the Provence Powder 
we Shall Indeavour to Collect what Shovels and Pick axes 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 339 

we Can til we no how we are to be Provided the frost is 

Kear a foot thick in the ground at this time But the weather 

is Now Very warm and Snow is Chefly gon — - our men are 

Sickly and they must Suffer if they Continu — we have Lost 

But one — there is no Phisician Nearer then three miles — I 

hope Your [ honours ] will Consider our Sick and make Such 

Provision as your honours in your Wisdom shall think Proper 

From your Obedient Servant at Com'^ 

Daniel Ilsley 

In Council March W" 1776 

Read & Sent down Perez Morton D Sec^ 

Committed to y® Committee on y® Cumberland Petition — 



Letter from the Committee of Brunsivick. March 28, 1776 

To the Honourable the Great and General Court Holden 
at Watertown In and for the Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay — the Committe of Brunswick in y** County of Cumber- 
land Humbly beg Leave to Report That Last Summer there 
was a Cargo of molases Landed here belonging to Isaac Smith 
Esq'' and Left in Care of Aaron Hinkly Esq*" with orders to 
Sell a Considerable part of said Cargo When it wast first 
Landed it was Sold for 13/6 or 13/9 old tenor Soon after it 
Riss to 14/ then to 15/ tlien towards the Spring to 20/ 
The people Here were Very much Dissatisfied at its being 
Sold at Such an Exorbitant price and Look** upon it, Consid- 
ering the Distress of the present day to be Extortionous and 
Grinding the face of the poor and Directly Repugnant to the 
Salutary Resolves of the Worthy and Honourable Congress 
of the United Colonies and Distructive to the Glorious Cause 
of Aiiieri(;a. 

about ten or twelve Days ago there was a Vessell Come to 
Carry away what was Left of s'" Cargo y" Inhabitants Desired 



340 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Committee to stop so much molases as was absolutely 
Necessary for this place the Committe accordingly met and 
thought proper to Stop ten Hog*^^ and Set it at 15/ which we 
thought would be Sufficient to pay what • it was first set at 
with Intrest of the money and cost of Storeing So that we 
apprehend the owner will be fully made whole 
Brunswick March 28, 1776 

Nath" Larrabee 
James Curtis Committe 

Sam" Standwood > of 
Tho® Thompson i Brunswick 
And"^ Duning J 



Report. 1776. 

The Committee appointed to make inquiry with respect to 
the Powder & oth%r war-like Stores latly arived at Kenebeck 
have attended that Service and beg leave to report by way of 
resolve ( viz ) 

In House of Representatives May 2*^ 1776 

Resolved That out of said Ammunition there be replaced 
in such Towns in this Colony the Powder flints and lead by 
them delivered for the use of this colony or the contenental 
army ( which have not received Compensation for the Same 
and chuse to have s*^ Powder &c ) as sone as may be and if 
any of s*^ powder and other warlike Stores are lost to be dis- 
posed of as the General Court shall order. 

Mr Hobart 

Coll Woodbridge 

Coll Davis 
to make inquiry with respect to the Powder & other Warlike 
Stores lately arriv'd at Kennebec & report how it shall be 
dispos'd of — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 341 

N° 6 

In the House of Representatives May 3'' 1776. 
Order'd that the following Letter be sign'cl by the Presi- 
dent of the Council and forwarded to the Indian Chiefs of 
the Penobscot Tribes 

Sent up for Concurrence. 

Friends & Good Brothers. 

This Letter is to acquaint You that we receiv'd your 
favor by Lieutenant Gilman dated at Penobscot River the 
22*^ November 1775, by which you have acquainted us, that 
you made choice of M"^ Jonathan Lowder for your Truck- 
master, and finding that M'' Preble was appointed you were 
not contented, and that You want to know how the altera- 
tion came to be made, you say you have heard that it was 
alterd by means of two young Indians that came here; in 
Answer to this We tell you that we are sorry that you are 
not contented with M' Prebble, and have so many complaints 
against him. 

this alterations in the Truckmasters happened by a very 
great mistake, as both these Men were to keep at Penobscot, 
but we trust you will excuse it, as we were then very much 
troubled with the white people of old England, which we 
have since drove out of our Colony, you tell us that when 
you agree to a thing you mean to stand to it, we mean to 
stand to all the promises we have made to You, You may 
depend on it, that all we have promis'd You will be done by 
us. Cap* Lane is oblig'd to go to New York, he can't come to 
You this Summer, but we have order'd Lieutenant Gilman to 
keep at Penobscot &c with You. You desire us to mind 
nobody l)ut the Heads of your Tribe. We desire You for 
tlie time to come to sign all tlie Letters you send us with 
your marks, that we may not be deceived. 
Dear Hrothers, We have tlie pleasure to toll you, that by the 
help of (jiod we have drove them wicked people of old I^ng- 



342 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

land out of our Colony, and we trust and believe we shall be 
able to keep them out, we have built forts in almost all our 
Towns that are near the water, we are also a building a 
great many ships of war, with which we intend to drive 
away their Ships, we have heard that our enemies intend to 
go to Canada this Summer, if they do we trust you will help 
us drive them away, if we should want You. Your letter 
came so late that a great many of our Court were gone home 
before we received it, therefore we shall order the farther 
consideration of it to the next General Court which will be 
in June, they will send You a Truckmaster that You will be 
contented with, who will trade with You, and supply You 
with such things as You will want, if they can be bought. 
We wish You a blessing, health and prosperity and are 

Your Friends & Brothers 



Extract from Letter of General Howe to Lord George Germain. 

Halifax May 7"> 1776 
In obedience to your Lordships Commands for a more 
explicit Account of the Expedition to Falmouth, which was 
entrusted to Lieut* Mowat of the Navy, assisted by a Detach- 
ment of Marines & Artillery, I have reexamined the Officer 
who commanded this Detachment, & find that his Orders 
from General Gage were, to embark on board several armed 
Vessels the 6^^ October 1775, & to aid & assist Lieut* Mowat 
in annoying and destroying all Ships & Vessels belonging to 
the Rebels on the Coast, & in the Harbours to the Eastward 
of Boston : That they first examined the Harbour of Cape 
Ann, & finding the Attack upon it inexpedient they pro- 
ceeded to Falmouth, & laid the armed Vessels before the 
Town on the Evening of their Arrival, after which Lieut* 
Mowat sent an officer on Shore with a Summons to the 



OF THE STATE OE MAINE 343 

Inhabitants to deliver up their Arms & Amunition, 
acquainting them at the same Time, that his Orders directed 
him to destroy the To^vn, if they did not comply with his 
Demand, of which they should be allowed two hours to con- 
sider & to remove their Women & Children ; shortly after 
three Persons, deputed by the Inhabitants, came on board 
requesting a longer Time, & it was agreed to wait their 
Answer until eight Clock next Morning, about which Hour 
the same Persons returned, & reported that the Inhabitants 
were determined to wait their Fate : Within half an Hour a 
Signal was made by Lieut'' Mowat, the Vessels began a Can- 
nonade, and several Carcasses were thrown into the Town, 
which set Fire to the Houses, & in a few Hours consumed 
the greatest part of them : a Detachment was then landed 
who compleated the Destruction, & embarked without Loss. 
The small Vessels in the Harbour were burnt, sunk, or 
brought away the 18"' October, and the Armament returned 
to Boston the 5^'' Nov" without attempting any further. 



Petition of Stephen Parker. May 11, 1776. 

To the Honourable Council and the Honourable Repre- 
sentatives of tlie Colony of Massachusetts Bay. 

May it please your Honours — With the profoundest 
respect and submission I beg leave to acquaint your Honors 
that the fifth of July last I took passage from this place for 
Philadelphia in hope of obtaining a supply of provision for 
the Inhal)itants here, as I had not cash to purchase the Rev- 
erend M"^ James Lyon furnished me with a letter of recom- 
mendation to liis (Vicnd Jonutlian Smith Esq of Philadelphia, 
but after tlie most earnest application to that gentleman & 
others during a months stay in the City with offers of uiort- 



344 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

gaging a considerable interest till Payment for one hundred 
barrels of flour, finding no probability of success & having 
nearly expended the trifle of money I carried with me I took 
passage with Captain Edward Bacon of Barnstable in a sloop 
loaded with flour, belonging to Colonel Doane of Welfleet 
bound for said place, arriving at Barnstable, I made pressing 
suit to Colonel Doane offering him the same but was here 
unsuccessful, I then try'd Captain Solomon Davis, Melatiah 
Bourn Esq, and Colonel Joseph Otis of Barnstable for assist- 
ance but these gentlemen not being disposed to risque or 
Credit their interest and my money being gone I was obliged 
to sell two of three barrels of flour which I brought from 
Philadelphia for my family. I then met M"^ Shubael Lovel 
of Barnstable who gave me encouragement of sending a small 
schooner with some provisions to Mechias, but failing of 
obtaining the provisions, or fearing to risque his vessel this 
also fell thro', my solicitude was now turn'd to get home with 
all speed and going from Highannas to Nantucket with M' 
Lovell he mentioned my case to M'' Timothy Fitch there, 
who told me if I could obtain permission for exporting Lum- 
ber to the West Indies he would supply me with provisions, 
m consequence of which I prosecuted a journey to Water- 
town, waiting on Colonel Joseph Otis and the Honourable 
James Bowdoin, who furnished me with recommendatory 
letters to the Honourable James Warren, but CoUonel War- 
ren presuming the matter would not be acceptable to the 
Honourable House, I returned full of anxiety & distress to 
Nantucket being reduced so low as to fear I should either 
suffer or be obliged to solicit the hand of Charity. On 
arrival at Nantucket I let M"^ Fitch know my Circumstances 
with the scituation of Mechias and inform'd him that I 
thought I could serve that place effectually if I could go to 
Nova Scotia & send or carry hay from thence which we 
always supplyd ourselves with from said government for the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 345 

support of our Cattle. M' Fitch coincided in sentiment with 
me & we purchased of Captain Dunham of the Vineyard 
Three hundred thirteen bushels of Indian & fifteen bushels 
of rye Corn which w^as increased by a trifle of said articles & 
some rye flour & bread M"^ Fitch had by him & we were pre- 
paring to sail when five or six people at Nantucket appeared 
dissatisfied on which I was advised by the Inhabitants to 
make application to the Committee at Falmouth, This I did 
& informing them what pains I had taken and at what expense 
I had been to serve Mechias with my earnest desire of getting 
home with what I could procure I obtained their consent to 
sail, on which we left Nantucket in a Brigantine commanded 
by Captain Thomas Fossey and meeting with one vessel only 
which appeard to chase us, arrived at East passage, from 
which Place we immediately proceeded to Cape Forschue in 
the bay of Fundy & directly oposite Mechias, here I disposed 
of what was on board save a small matter sold M"" William 
Pitts at East passage (exclusive of what I was intitled to 
from a Commission allowd me & which I strictly reserved 
in provision to Carry to Mechias ) to New engiand people 
only, who appeard real friends to the welfare of America. 
On arrival I engaged a Schooner of one M"" Tinkham & seven 
Load of Salt hay ( no english being to be had ) intending 
immediately on the Brig's sailing to proceed therewith for 
Mechias but tlie Hay proving very bad & none else to be got, 
I faild in tliis Ijut embrac'd the first oportunity I could meet 
of getting to Mechias with my Provisions, at the expense of 
ten dollars. 

May it please your Honors — Ignorance, inadvertence & 
absolute necessity were the sole cause of my setting foot in 
the government of Nova Scotia & during my continuance 
there which was at Cape ForKchue, I neither corresponded 
countenanced or associated with any of the enemies of 
America but most warmly espoused the cause of Liberty & 



346 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

bore unfeigned testimony against the iniquitous tyranical 
ministerial measures & acts of Brittish parliament, nor was 
this confined to my tongue alone but my hand witnessed the 
same as leisure & oportunity gave me leave, Copies of which 
I humbly crave leave to lay at the feet of your Honours most 
solemnly declaring them to be authentic — 

May it please Honours, from the first of my leaving 
Mechias last July to my arrival a few days since I have not 
ceased endeavours to serve the place to the utmost of my 
ability and I do most solemnly declare that nothing has, is, 
or can be remoter from my heart than an inclination to aid 
or abet the enemies of America, Liberty & Freedom, and in 
this necessary contest am willing to risque my interest in 
Life and for this purpose did strictly recommend to Captain 
Fossay to bring a quantity of powder for the use of the Col- 
ony Therefore throwing myself at the feet of your Honours 
I most humbly crave for myself and distressed family your 
Honours Pardon and protection, and as in duty bound shall 
ever pray for your Honours consummate Happiness & 
prosperity — 

Stephen Parker 

Mechias ll^'^ May 1776 — 

Letter from Stephen Parker. May 13^^ 1776. 

May it please your Honour 

You may remember I waited on you some time last Sep- 
tember with a letter from M'' Timothy Fitch craving your 
interest for permission to send a vessel to the West Inches, 
in consequence of which you were pleased to write Colonel 
Warren on the subject and recommend the same, on my 
arrival at Watertown, presenting your letter and informing 
the Colonel of my business, he advised me not to mention 
the matter to General Court, as thinking it would not be 
granted, I submitted, and returned, and having expended 



OF THE STATE OF JIAINE 347 

what money I was possessed in seeking after relief for the 
inhabitants of Mechias, I mentioned to M"^ Fitch my real 
opinion was, if I could proceed to the Bay in Nova Scotia & 
procure a quantity of hay it would be of eminent service to 
our people, as a large stock of cattle must die if no hay could 
be obtain'd but what was cut in the place, we being supplied 
with hundreds of Tons from Nova Scotia yearly. M"^ Fitch 
joined in sentiment with me and accordingly agreed to allow 
me a commission for transacting some business, procured 
three or four hundred bushels of Corn & advised me as soon 
as the Brig he sent was dispatched, to get a Schooner & pro- 
ceed to Mechias the command of the Brig was given Captain 
Thomas Fossey who arriving at East passage, we immedi- 
ately proceeded to Cape Forschue ( alias Yarmouth ) here I 
agreed for a Schooner of one M' Tinkham, & seven Tons of 
salt hay, no english being to be had, reserved what my com- 
missions came to in provisions, & expected to proceed 
directly to Mechias on the Brig's sailing, but finding the hay 
so damaged, as to be unfit for any thing, and my being 
obhged to give fifty dollars for the run, freight, or no freight, 
it being now first of January, I concluded from the difficul- 
ties of weather & disappointment in hay to seek passage 
another and cheaper way, & the very first that presented I 
embraced at the expense of ten dollars tho' only twenty five 
leagues distant, bringing with me in provision which M' 
Fitch ship'd, what my Commissions intitled me to. 

May it please your Honour, my ignorance of the resolves 
of the Grand Congress, my necessitous circumstances & real 
concern for my family, with my ardent desire of serving tlie 
inhabitants of Mechias, and not lucrative motives or the 
remotest thought of joining myself witli the enemies of 
America, were the cause of my putting foot in tlie (iovern- 
ment of Nova Scotia, and I here solenmly declare to your 
IIonoTir that I went to a place (viz'' Yarmouth) wliicli is 
inliabited almost entirely by New England people and who 



348 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

appear to be as true friends to the welfare of America & 
grand cause of Liberty as any persons whatever nor have I 
corresponded with, or sokl any articles to any other, having 
strictly avoided furnishing any inhabitant of Halifax, officer, 
soldier, seaman belonging to the Crown, or any transport 
engaged in the service thereof with one article great or small. 
On my arrival here, as I had been to Nova Scotia the inhab- 
itants seem dissatisfied and to what length it may grow I 
know not, I therefore presume most earnestly to crave your 
Honours candor and interest with the Honourable Court in 
my behalf, for if I have offended 'tis not with any design or 
the least ahenation from the great and glorious cause in 
which America is engaged, but the effect of Ignorance & 
pure necessity for from the first of my leaving Mechias for 
Philadelphia, which was early last July, my principles & dec- 
larations, publick & private have been immoveably fixt in the 
most steadfast attachment to the Libertys & prosperity of 
this suffering Land America. I beseech for the sake of my 
poor distressed ailing wife, and helpless children that I may 
not be deem'd an enemy to the welfare of my native Coun- 
try, the Cause of America or the least cool thereto or be 
made to suffer by censure or otherways, for as I ever have 
been, I now am, and trust ever shall be ready to give the 
most solemn assurances of my fervent regard to the Laws, 
Dignity and Interest of this virtuous, oppress'd & most justly 
strugling Land. 

I beg leave to lay these my earnest requests at your Hon- 
ours feet, and subscribe myself with profound respect Your 

Honours most obedient humble servant 

Stephen Parker 

I presume to enclose a copy of my petition to the Honour- 
able Court 

Superscribed : 

To The Honorable James Bowdoin Esq'" 
at Middleborough or Boston. — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 349 

Go'py of Record. Complaint against Rev. Jacoh Bayley. 
May 24, 1776. 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence Inspec- 
tion and Safety for the Town of Pownalborough May 24^^^ 
1776 

Upon the Complaint against the Rev*^ Jacob Bailey for 
being unfriendly to the Cause of Liberty, Resolv'd 

1 That the said Jacob Bailey has in adverse Instances since 

the Year 1774; discover d an undue Attachment to the 
Authority claimed by Great Britain over the united 
Colonies, and thereby has given great Reason to beheve 
That he does not wish Success to our Struggles for 
Freedom. 

2 That he has been Guilty of a criminal Neglect in not 

reading Proclamations issued by the Continental and 
Provincial Congresses, for days of pubhc fasting & 
Prayer, and thereby throwing Contempt upon said Con- 
gresses and virtually denying their Authority. 

3 Therefore Resolv'd That the said Jacob Bailey give Bond 

to the Treasurer of this Colony, in the penal Sum of 
Forty Pounds, with one or more Sureties, conditioned 
That the said j\P Bailey appear before the General 
Court of this Colony when called thereto by said Court 
to answer for said Conduct, and in the mean Time Tliat 
he shall not aid the despotic ]\Ieasures of our unnatural 
Enemies, or by any Ways or Means directly or indirectly 
assist them in their Designs of enslaving the said Colo- 
nies, or in any Measure what ever counteract the good 
Designs of the said Colonies in obtaining their Liberty 
& Freedom from the tyrannic Measures of Great Britain ; 
and lliat the suid M"" Bailey sliall observe & olx'y all the 
(Jrders, Resolves & Laws of the said Court & of the 
Continental Congress and in all Things Ix'liave liimself 



350 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

peaceably towards the People and Government of this 
Colony, 

A True Copy Att : Cha* Cushing Chabman 



Letter from the Committee at Machias. May 25^ 1776. 

To the Honorable Council & the Great and General Court 
of the Coloney of the Massachusetts Bay In New England — 

These may inform your Honors: that whereas Stephen 
Parker went from Machias with Letters of Recommendation 
from the Chaireman of the Committee to procure if possible 
for Machias aforesaid being then in great want & he pro- 
seeded to Philadelphia as he informes and proves by Letters 
brought and with out any suckses and on his Return back 
being at Nantucket he met with one M"^ Timothy Fitch with 
whoom he says he agreed to send provisions to Machias and 
take Lumber there for in Case that Liberty Culd be obtained 
for the said Fitch to send the Lumber from Machias to the 
West Indies — 

On Account of Which he the said Parker Says that he 
went from Nantucket to Water Town in order to obtain Lib- 
erty of Your Hono''* for to trade to the West Indies but was 
advised not to Mention it and then he the said Parker 
Returned back to Nantucket and Ingaged to take a Brig 
belonging to the said Fitch and proceed with her to Capeper- 
sue In the Province of Nova Scotia and there to sell of the 
Provisions and by a load of fish for the s*^ Brig and procure a 
Nova Scotia Register Which he Says he Went to Halifax 
and obtained and then ordered the said Brig to proseed to 
Jamaca — 

But as there was some Dispute about provisions being Car- 
rayed out of Nantucket with out a permit from some of the 
Committee on the Continen Said Parker applyed as we have 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 351 

ben informed to the Committee of Falmouth for a permit 
which was Granted accordingly for the said Parker to bring 
Provisions to JNIachias aforesaid and then he proseeded to 
Capepersue as aforesaid and Delt as afore said with out as he 
sayeth any intent of Bring the said provisions to Machias 
Exsept his Commissions on the Cargoe which he has actualy 
Brought in the Whole or in part — 

And for the afore said Reasons we have thought proper to 
take the said Parkers Notes of hand which he had by him in 
to our possession and them safe to keep for Securcty that 
he shuld Not Depart this plase until your Honer^ pleasure is 
Known and there fore we take this oppertuneyty to In form 
your Honers of our proseedings and hoop your Honers will 
Give us further Directions as you in Your Wisdom shall 
tliink Best for the peace and Wellfare of the United Coloneys 
— The Sccuretys taken amounts to XI 87: 5-9. we thought 
best to Inform Your Honors and Not to send the person with- 
out it is Required and we shall be always Readey & Will 
Clieerfuly Obey your Honers Commands and any advice 
your Hone" may thiidc fit to Give us will be greatfully 
Acknowledged by your Humbel Sarvents 

By order of the Committee 

W" Tupper Clerk 
May 25 1776 

In Council June 10'" 1776 

Read & sent down 

John Lowell Dp^ Sec^ P T 

In ilic House of Representatives June 21^*^ 177(3 

Read & connnitted to the Conunittee on the Petition of 

Stephen Parker 

Sent uj) for (Concurrence 

I'im" Daniclsoji S[)' g Tem : 

In ( 'ninnil .Iimk; 21"' 1 776 

Read & concuncfl 

John Lowell Dp^ Sec^ P T 



352 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Hon. Charles Chauncey. May ^7, 1776. 

Sir/ Being conscious of acting with integrity, and of 
having done my duty (so far as the narrow limits of my 
capacity would allow ), while a member of the Hon^^*^ Board ; 
and it being possible, that I may be chosen again this Year. 
I have to ask the favor of you, to mform, the Hon^^® Assem- 
bly ; That notwithstanding the great reluctance I have, in 
declining so Honorable an appointment. Yet, when I realize 
my inability, to perform the duty attending it ; my want of 
health, and the unhappy situation of my Family together 
with my being so much affected with a sense of my own 
insufficiency ; should such an appointment take place, for 
these reasons, I shall be obliged, to resign the important 
trust, and have come to a determination so to do. At the 
same time I must assure, that no other Motives induce me 
hereto, but those herein expressed. 

As the unfeigned love I bear towards my Country, has not 
in the least abated, the same principles, ardor & Zeal, by 
which I was at first actuated, still remain fixed, & determin- 
ate, and I am ready whenever it appears necessary, to hazard 
every thing in the Publick service. — 

Hoping that Heaven will smile on all your deliberations, I 

am with sincere respect, and the greatest regard, to the 

Hon^'® Assembly, Sir, your most obedient & humble Servant 

Cha. Chauncy 
The Hon''^^ President of the 

Council of the Colony of Massach"^ Bay 



Bond of Rev. Jacob Bailey. May £8, 1776. 

Know all Men by these presents That we Jacob Bailey of 
Pownalborougli in the County of Lincoln Clerk and David 
Bailey of Pownalborougli aforesaid yeoman are holden and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 353 

stand firmly bound & obliged unto the Honorable Henry 
Garnder of Stow in the County of Middlesex Esq^ Treasurer 
of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay in the Sum of Forty 
Pounds to be paid unto the said Henry Treasurer as afore- 
said or his Successors in said office To the true Payment 
whereof we bind our Selves our heirs Exec" & Adm" Jointly 
& Severally firmly by these presents. Sealed with our Seals. 
Dated the Twenty Eighth day of May A. D. 1776 — 

The Condition of this present Obligation is such That 
whereas on the Twenty Fourth day of May A. D. 1776 the 
Committee of Correspondence, Safety and Inspection of the 
Town of Pownalborough aforesaid did pass three Resolves in 
the Words following viz. 

" 1 That the said Jacob Bailey has in diverse Instances 
since the Year 1774, discovered an undue attachment to the 
Authority Claimed by great Britain over the United Colonies 
and thereby has given great Reason to believe that he does 
not wish Success to our Struggles for Freedom. 

2 That he has been Guilty of a Criminal Neglect in not 
leading Proclamations issued by the Continental and provin- 
cial Congresses for days of publick Fasting & Prayer, & 
thereby throwing Contempt upon said Congresses, & Vir- 
tually denying their Authority. 

3. Therefore resolved that the said M' Jacob Bailey give 
Bond to the Treasurer of this Colony in the penal Sum of 
forty pounds with one or more sureties Conditioned that the 
said M'^ Bailey appear before the General Court of this Colony 
when called thereto by said Court to Answer for said Con- 
duct, and in the Mean Time that he shall not Aid the des- 
potick Measures of our Unnatural Enemies, or by any ways 
or means directly or indirectly Assist lliem in tlieir designs 
of enslaving the said Colonies, or in any Measure whatever 
counteract tlie good designs of the said Colonies in Obtaining 
their Liberty & Freedom from the tiranni(; Measures of (Jreat 



23 



354 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Britain and that the said M'^ Bailey shall observe & obey all 
the Orders Resolves & Laws of the said Court and of the 
Continental Congress, and in all things behave himself peace- 
ably towards the People & Government of this Colony." 

Now if the said Jacob Bailey shall appear before the said 
General Court of this Colony when called thereto by said 
Court to answer for said Conduct, and in the Mean Time 
shall not Aid the despotic Measures of our Unnatural Ene- 
mies, or by any ways or means directly or indirectly Assist 
them in their designs of enslaving the said Colonies, or in 
any Measure whatever Counteract the good designs of the 
said Colonies in obtaining their Liberty & Freedom from the 
tirannic Measures of Great Britain & further if he the said 
Jacob Bailey shall observe & obey all the orders Resolves & 
Laws of the said Court and of the Continental Congress and 
in all things behave himself peaceably towards the People & 
Government of this Colony then this Obligation to be Void, 
otherwise to remain in full force & Virtue 

Jacob Bailey Seal 
Signed Sealed & Deliv"^ David Bailey Seal 

in Presence of 

Obadiah Call Jun' 

Caleb Barker 



Representatives. 

Representatives at Watertown, May 29, 1Y76 

York County. 
York, Joseph Simpson Esq. 

Kittery, Edward Cutt Esq. 

Wells, Joseph Storer Esq. 

Berwick, Col. Ichabod Goodwin 
Arundell, Benjamin Durrill 
Biddeford, James Sullivan Esq. 



OF THE STATE OF IMAIKE 365 

Cumberland 
Falmouth Hon. Jedidiah Preble Esq. 

Samuel Freeman Esq. 

John Wall Esq. 

Mr. Joseph Noyes 
North Yarmouth, John Lewis Esq. 

Scarborough, Joshua Fabyan Esq. 

Cape Elizabeth, Mr. James Leach 

Gorham, Mr. Caleb Chace 

Harpswell, Snow 



Letter from James Sullivan. June ^, 1776. 

Biddeford 4'*> of June 1776 
Sir Since I left the court I have recollected that there is 
no Truckmaster at Penobscot to supply the Indians on the 
Bay of Funday and the Saint Johns Tribe — When their 
Chiefs were up in the last Suumier, they informed the Court 
that they had Six hundred fighting men — Brigadier Preble 
was appointed truckmaster for them but believe that he 
never Accepted the odice one Lowder was Nominated by the 
Indians but Nothing has been done — as the Country of these 
Indians are within Nova Scotia & Contiguous to Halifax 
there is great danger of their being inticed to take part with 
the more Savage British Troops in which Case our Settle- 
ments in Machias &c will be broken up & a very great Num- 
ber of persons will become a public Charge — as the Indians 
are ready to pay for all their Supplies in furs and as the 
present is the Time for their bringg the same in I think that 
this matter deserves immediate attention you will therefore 
be kind enough to mention it to the House 

I am Sir with the greatest Respect your Most H^^^ Serv' 

Ja Sullivan 
Hon James Warren Esq' 



356 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Committees of Newbury, Haverhill, Bath^ ^c. 
June, 1776. 

To the Honourable the Council, and general Assembly of 
the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 

From the Committees of the Towns of Newbury, Haverhill, 
Bath and Mooretown met at Newbury June 25, 17T6. On 
Account of some very alarming News from S* Johns, received 
the Evening before by two Men, from Onion River, of public 
Veracity. 

That they saw a Letter from General Sullivan to Lieu* 
Allen, to have all the Inhabitants of the Towns on Onion 
River to Remove with all possible Dispatch, not knowmg but 
the Enemy would be upon them soon, this they received last 
Thursday Evening, and they removed the next Day. That it 
was feared the Enemy would get the upper hand, the sick of 
our Army were all sent to Crown Point. In the Generals 
Letter it was said the Regular Army consisted of about thirty 
thousand, and fifteen hundred Canadians and five hundred 
Indians 

The Continental Army was retreated to S* John's, And 
last Fryday a very heav}^ fire of Canon was heard all the day. 

The Committee voted to send Major Jonathan Hale and 
Capt. Robert Johnston with the Above said Information to 
Head Quarters at Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire, 
and to inform them of the dangerous situation these Parts 
were in, and that except we are immediately supported we 
shall be obliged to quit these Parts. In our extreem Danger, 
as exposed every day to the Enemy, the Committees beg the 
Favor of two hundred fire Arms and Ammunition equal. As 
so much is necessary for our selves. And if the above Infor- 
mation be true, which we do not dispute, this fertile part of 
the Country must be soon abandoned to the Enemy except 
timely Aid can be had of a sufficient Number of Men as well 



OF THE STATE OP MAIKE 357 

as Arms and Ammunition, the Damage of which to the Conti- 
nental Cause is needless for us to represent. We would only- 
further add, that if it be judged best to make a stand here a 
few Small Cannon will be necessary. We are Gentlemen 
your humble Servants 

James Bayly ) Chairmen for 
T K T^ 1 M Newb^ & 
Jacob Bayley j Haverhill 

In the House of Representatives June 28, 1776 

Read and committed to Coll Orne Coll. Bagley M' Wright 
with such as the Hon^* Board shall join 
Sent up for Concurrence 

Tim" Danielson Sp"^ pro Tem 

Council June 28*^ 1776 

Read & concurred & Jerem^ Powel & Jos. Cushing Esq' 
are joined 

John Lowell Dp^ Sec^ P T 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to take into 
Consideration the Letter from Newbury & Haverhill, request- 
ing a Supply of Arms and Ammunition, in theu' exposed sit- 
uation have attended that service, and beg leave to report 
that considering the Arms and Ammunition Supplyed the 
Men in the Continental Army, and the destitute Circum- 
stances of the Colony upon the Eastern frontiers, & upon the 
Sea Costs, are of opinion that it is not at present in the Power 
of this Court to Comply with the Request made in said 
Letter — 

Jer Powell g Order 

In Council June 29''' 1776 Read & Accepted 
Sent down for Concurrence Jolin Lowell Dp'' Sec^ P T 

In the IlfjMse oi" Representatives June 29"' 1776 

Read & concurrd Tim" Danielson Sp"^ p Tem 



358 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Report. 1776. 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to confer together 
Upon the Subject of the last requisition from the Continental 
Congress beg leave to report — 

that two Regiments on the Continental Establishment be 
forthwith raised within the Several Counties in this Province 
Excepting the Counties of Cumberland & Lincol_ Dukes 
County & Nantucket and the Towns of Cape Ann, Marble- 
head, & Boston by a draft Imeadiatly to be Made of Every 
twentieth man in the Alarm, & training band Lists exclusive 
of those already raised or ordered to be raised — And that 
some effective Measures be taken to Inforce the raising the 
five thousand men Already granted by this Court for Canada 
& New York. 

Jer : Powell g Order 

In Council July 8**^ 1776 Read & sent down 

Jn° Avery Dp^ Secrt 



Letter from the Committee of Machias. July 9, 1776. 

To the Hon^i« Council & The Hon^^^ The House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay 

We the Committee of Safety for Machias, beg Leave to 
Acquaint your Honours that on Satturday Last came into 
our Harbour the Viper Sloop of War, & She has taken five 
fishing Vessels, Two of which had about one hundred Quin- 
tals of fish Each, all which Vessels were taken as they were 
passing by our Harbour bound home. & said Man of War 
after Tarrying here Two days sailed for Annapolis Royal with 
her prizes where the Ship Marlin of Eighteen Guns Lyes. 
there to fix out one or two of the schooners for Tenders to 
Cruize upon the Shore for three Months to pick up Every 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 359 

Vessel that passes, her station is as we are Informed by M^ 
Ralph Hacock from Mount Desert to Granmenan. M"" Hacock 
was Master of one of the Vessels Taken, owned in this place 
and the Cap' of the Viper gave him Leave to Come on shore 
by his pleading the great necessity of his family, and M"^ 
Hacock gives further Information that the Viper mounts Ten 
guns six pounders, and Twenty swivels. & has one hundred 
& Thirty Men. but have been at Two thirds allowance all 
their Cruize. We would Inform your Honours that had the 
Machias privateers been here we should have Tryed to have 
taken the Viper but being destitute of any such assistance we 
Lye Almost at the Mercy of our Enemies, if we cannot pass 
with our Vessels we cannot maintain our families but a short 
time in this place. Therefore we beg that your Honours 
would take our Difficult Circumstances into your Considera- 
tion and (jrant us such Relief as you in your Wisdom shall 
think proper and we the Committee as in duty bound will 
Ever pray 

By order of the Committee Benj^ Foster Char^ 



Letter from Benj. Austin. July 19, 1776. 

Boston 19 July 177G 
S'^ I have lookt over the Court & Council Files for Ocf^ 
last & can find nothing of the order of Court for presents to 
the Penobscot Indians, am therefore at a loss what to do in 
procuring the Presents for the S' Johns & Mickmacs, I beg 
the fav'' you would desire the Secret'' to Examine the Files 
preceeding OaV & tliose that follow, I was told they were all 
in Boston, but its not so — if these Articles are not to be 
found, I beg the favor the Hon'''*' Board would let me know 
what Articles I am to procure as J shall wait in Town this 



360 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

day for the Same — The Gorget & Heart I have two Men at 

Work upon, & hope to have them by Tuesday. 

I am S'' your Most Obed* Serv* 

B Austin 
The Hon^'^ Thomas Gushing Esq'' 

Letter from Tf^ Loud. July 20, 1776. 

Muscongus Island near Bristol July 20^^^ 1776 
S' I saw a Letter from Golo^^ W™ Jones of Bristol to 
Gap^ Jam^ Hilton of s*^ place Informing him of the Capture 
of Generall Thompson & many officers, as also the Retreat of 
Generall Sulivan to S* Johns and the Doubt of his ability to 
Support that post as also that 1500 Ganadians and 500 
Indians were Employ'd by Gen" Burgoine to Attack our 
back Settlements also orders for s*^ Hilton to have his Com- 
pany of Militia in order of Defence — Cap* Hilton sent Intel- 
igence Eastward to the Settlements — But S' in my oppinion 
Inteligence without Amunition will be of little service, and 
I do not think that one tenth part of the Inhabitants have 
any, Neither do I think it possible for them to be Supply'd 
Except by the Congress and therefore at present in a Woof ul 
condition if attack'd I Doubt not S"" but that you Remem- 
ber M'' Waterman Thomas of Waldoborough who was up to 
the Congress the Year past on Ace* of Supply for many Set- 
tlements but could not obtain it, now if no Speedy Supply, 
and the Enemy approach you may Expect Dismall news from 
this quarter — 

As the Inhabitants have been Drove to great Straits on 
Ace* of not having market for their Lumber the Year past 
and the Supports of life having been so dear to them I cannot 
see how it is possible at present for them to Raise cash for 
Amunition and if Some way cannot be propos'd as to furnish 
for a hereafter pay then farewell to Defence — I Imagine it 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 361 

will be some time before the many Settlements will be noti- 
fy'd of the Danger and be Abe to Meet & Consult measures 
for Safety, and as there are jNIany Settlements and Islands 
that have no Representatives or acquaintances in the Con- 
gress I Desire y' you would be so good as to use y'' Endeav- 
ours to have a .Supply for them on Such Terms as You may 
think propper Which will be ever Esteem'd as a favour done 
to y^ Hum^^ Serv' 

W" Loud 

N. B. I beleive Islands & non Incorporated places are not 
omitted in the province tax and as for my part I am and 
have been ever Ready & willing to pay such &, have done it 
many Years. 

S"^ the favour of a line from You to Inform me w* Depend- 
ance may be had on Acc*^ of Amunition Directed to my Self 
or Waterman Thomas Esq"^ of Waldoborough will greatly 
oblidge Y" «&° W. L 

N. B. I have four that bear Arms 

Superscribed : 

To John Taylor Esq' one of the Provincial Congress to be 
left at the Most propper place in Watertown as you may 
think 

g favour of Capt Martindale 



Letter from Hon. James Bowdoin. July 2o, 1770. 

Boston July 25. 1776 
llonblc Gent" 

The enclosed Petition from Winslow came to hand y" last 
Evening. The most effectual means of Securing the Eastern 
Parts of the Colony from an inland-Attack, and quieting the 
mindK of the people setled there, I liuiiibly a[)prehcnd is to 



362 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

engage the S' Johns, Mickmac Penobscot and other Eastern 
Indians to engage heartily in the war, agreable to Gen^ 
Washington's Request. 

For this Purpose I beg to suggest to your Honours, 
whether it would not be proper, that three or four or more 
Suitable Persons be engaged to go imediately into the Indian 
Country, along with the Indians that are now here, and inlist 
them into the Service without delay. I cannot but appre- 
hend such a measure would be attended with Success, and 
that General Washington in that Case would in a short time 
have a considerable body of them : which would answer the 
double purpose of assisting him, and securing our Eastern 
Frontiers, which otherwise may be in great danger of being 
broken up by these same Indians. — 

I am most respectfully Yr Hon" most obed* hble Serv* 

James Bowdoin 

To y® hon^^® Council of Massach** Bay 

In Council July 25 1776 

Read & Order'd that John Winthrop Sam^ Holten & John 
Taylor Esq"^ be a Coiuittee to take this Letter with y® Peti- 
tion accompanying the same under Consideration & Report — 

Jn° Avery Dp^ Sec^ 



Letter from Hon. James Bowdoin. July 30., 1776. 

Boston July 30, 1776 
To his Exc^ Gen^ Washington 

Sir 

At y® time your Excy's Letter was rec** requesting the 
aid of this Governm* in procuring a body of y^ Eastern 
Indians for the Service of the United States, it happend 
very fortunately, that a number of them were here as dele- 
gates from y" S'' John's and Mickmac Tribes m Nova Scotia. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 363 

They came on a visit to you in consequence of y' Letter to 
tliem, which they produced : And soon after a couple of 
Chiefs arrived here from the Penobscot Tribe. At the Con- 
ference held with the former there appeared in them a very 
good disposition in favour of the united States, and the Gen^ 
Court having resolved that a Regiment should be raised for 
the Service of y® States to consist of 500 Indians & 250 
English, it was strongly urged upon them to join with us in 
the war : And accordingly they have engaged to do it, and 
have signed a Treaty for that purpose. By what they said 
at y^ Conference it appeared the six villages they represented 
could furnish about 120 men: but as those villages are at a 
great distance from each other, their Men dispersed in hunt- 
ing, and they proposed to call the whole to consult together, 
they said they should not be able, and they could not engage 
to come till the next Spring. The S' John's Delegates how- 
ever, on being told they lived near, and could be soon here 
again, promised to return early in y® Fall with about 30 of 
their Tribe. 

There are six other villages of Mickmacs, who had not 
been informed of your letter, and had not therefore sent 
Delegates, but are equally well disposed, and have about y^ 
same number of men belonging to them. These therefore 
can probably furnish for the Service a like number with y" 
other. 

With regard to the Penobscots, They appeared well dis- 
posed. They said that when G^ Washington sent his Army 
to Canada, five of their People went with them, & were at y® 
Siege of Quebec : two of whom were wounded, and three 
taken Prisoners who had Since returned ; that they had been 
promised, an allowance sh*^ be made to those who went with 
Col" Arnold ; the Support of whose families in their absence 
had been a great burthen to them : and that they had no 
recompence for these services. They were told this matter 



364 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

would be represented to Gen^ Washington, and that what is 
right & just he would order to be done. They said further 
they looked on themselves to be one people with us, and 
that whatever Governm* we were under, they were willing to 
subject themselves to; that they had no doubt that their 
tribe would be willing to join Gen^ Washington and that 
when they got home they w*^ call y^ tribe together and con- 
sult them for that purpose 

This good dispositions appearing in all y^ Indians, the 
Council thought it best, in consequence of your letter, to 
send with the Indians into their own Country, the most suit- 
able persons that could be had in order to procure w*^** y^ 
utmost expedition the number of Indians you desire may be 
engaged in y® Service of the States, or as many as can be 
procured. An armed Vessel is accordingly engaged to carry 
these Indians to Penobscot and S' Johns where those tribes 
will be respectively assembled, and all that can be persuaded, 
inlisted into the Service imediately. M"^ Fletcher, who came 
with the Penobscots, is employed in this Business with 
regard to that Tribe, and Major Shaw employed with regard 
to y® S* John's and their neighbours at Passamaq noddy. It 
being expected a considerable number might be had from 
these tribes in a short time, the said Vessel was engaged in 
order to bring them up hither as soon as may be. One jVP 
Gilman is also employed, to go to the S* Francois Indians, 
and engage as many as he can of them. 

On the Conference with S' John & Mickmacs ( a copy of 
which is enclosed, together with a Copy of the Treaty ) three 
of them offered themselves to join y^ army at New York 
immediately, and their offer was accepted : as it might not 
only Secure y® fidelity of the Tribes they belonged to but 
induce many others of them to engage in y® Service. 
Another has since joined them. Accordingly these four, one 
of whom can speak French, will immediately set off for New 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 365 

York, under y® conduct of M'' W™ Shaw : who is ordered to 
wait upon you with them. 

The Council hope these measures will be effectual for the 

Purpose they were ordered. In their name & behalf I have 

the honour to be with every Sentiment of respect 

Yr Excy"* most obed^ hble ser*^ 

James Bowdoin 

The names of the four Indians above-men- 1 
tioned viz Joseph Denaquara of Winsor who ^ Mickmacs 
Speaks English & French J 

Peter Andr^ of La Heve 
Sabattis Hetoscobuit of Gaspee 
Francis of S* John's 



Georgetown August 3*^ 1776 
Whereas, Application has been made to the several Towns 
in this Coloney, to procure a Sum of hard Money to carry on 
the Canada Expedition with Success, to be exchanged for 
continental Bills ; we the Subscribers, do hereby promise 
that we will pay to the Committee of Georgetown aforesaid, 
the Sum set to our Names, on the Conditions above in hard 
Money : 

Witness our Hands. 

Ja' M'^Cobb two hundred Dolors 

Hannah M-'Cobb fifty Dolors 

Jordan Parker 20 Dollars 

Thomas Capron 20 Dollars 

Sam' MCobb 50 Doll« 

Will'" Rogers 30 Dolars 

John Parker one hundred Dollars 

Nath" Wyman Nine Dolors 

David Mors Aight Dolers 

William Walles fore Dollers 



MO 


00 


00 


15 


00 


00 


6 








6 








15 








9 








30 








2 


14 




2 


8 




1 


4 





2 


14 




3 








6 








4 


16 





4: 


16 





18 


00 





4 


16 





12 








6 








6 








3 


18 





4 


10 




6 








^w^. S>, 1776. 







366 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Sarah M^Kentier Nine Dolers 
William Spragiie Ten Dolors 
George Rogers 20 Dolors 
Daniel King 16 Dolors 
James Butler 16 Dollars 
John Hinson Sixtey Dollers 
William Butler 16 Dollors 
James Juett 40 Dollars 
Benj* Lemont 20 Doluers 
James Lemont 20 Doluers 
David King 13 Dollers 
Jn° Wood Fifteen Dollars 
Hony Sewall Twenty Dolers 

Letter from Timothy Langdon. 

Pownalboro' 9^"^ August 1776 
Sir 

I should take it as a favour if you wou'd look over the 

records of Council for August & September 1775 & inform 

me if Lieu* Nathan Smith deliverd any papers relating to the 

Schooner Gammon or Phillips Master if there are any such 

papers if you will send me a pass from Admiral Graves that 

is amongst them, or copy of it you shall be satisfied for your 

trouble 

I am Sir Your humble Servant 

Tim° Langdon 
Mr John Avery 

Letter from Col. Jon : Mitchell. Aug. 9, 1776. 

To the Honorable, the Council of the State of the Massachu- 
setts Bay 

May it Please your Honors 
As I have some particular Business, of a private Nature 

which renders my being personally at Boston about the mid- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 367 

die of September, of very great importance to me ; I there- 
fore take the Liberty to ask your Honors Permission for 
Leave of Absence to go thither at that Time, which, ( should 
3'ou think proper to grant ) I shall esteem a particular favour : 

I can with the greater freedom sollicit your Indulgence 
herein, as we shall soon be in a tolerable state of defence at 
this Place, and I hope as well prepared for the Reception of 
the Enemy as our Number of Men and Cannon will permit 
— I wish to tarry no longer Time, than what is absolutely 
necessary for the Accomplishing my Business 

I am with profound Respect your Honours HW Serv*^ 

Jona* Mitchell 

Falm° 9'^ Aug* 1776 

In Comittee of Council Aug' l-I'^ 1776 

Ordered that the Prayer of the within Petition be granted 
and that he the said Col** Mitchell have a Parole of Absence 
to go to Boston and attend his own private Business about 
the Middle Sep'' next agreeable to his Request and to return 
to his Duty as soon as he can 

Jn° Avery Dp^ Sec^ 



Letter from Thomas Fletcher. Aug. 16, 1776. 

To the Hon*''*' the Councill of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay — 

May it please your Honours Agreeble to your Instruc- 
tions Deliverd me in Councill Dated 27*'' July 1776 To pro- 
ceed to y* residence of the Penobscot Indians to Endeavour 
to Enlist as many of them as I could to serve in the War 
under his Excellency General Washington — Agreeable to 
my Instructions Immediatly on my Arrival at Penobscot, I 
Proceeded up the river accompany 'd with Col' Lowdcr to 



368 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

M'' Jere : Colburns near Penobscot Village where I meet with 
some Indians, & sent to the Tribe to acquaint them of my 
Business and in Answere to it they appointed Tuesday Id^^ 
August to meet me at Col° Lowders at y^ Falls Accordingly 
they meet with Eighteen Cannoes amounting to about thirty 
besides Woemen & Children. 1 read to them my Instruc- 
tions & also his Excellency Gen^ Washingtons request to 
Inlist Indians, & the Establishment for y® Pay of the Army. 
Their Answer is as follows. That they don't think that any 
of their young men can be spar'd, for that they don't know 
how soon they may be wanted to Defend themselves against 
the English Army. 

They hear b}' the Eastern Indians that their is a great 
many English Ships gone up Cannada River with Troops — 
and that their is a Large Fort Built on Point Levy Oppisite 
Quebeck & by whom they don't know and their is now a 
strong guard of English kept at Soceconick a french settle- 
ment on Shodier River, which is the reason that their young 
men don't Choose to Engage at Present for fear that the 
English party may induce French & bad Indians to come 
amongst them & Destroy them and us — otherwise they 
would Emediately join General Washington in his Army at 
the Southward — They say they shall keep men to make 
Discoveries & from time to time will Inform us of their pro- 
ceedings, for their safty and ours, as we are all of one familly 
— They were ask'd If the Colony should raize a Number 
of men as Rangers to reconnotoier the Country, to watch the 
Motion of the Enemy — wether any of their young men 
would join the Party they reply'd they would willingly — 

They desired me to inform you that all the Settlers on 
their, were present at this Interview, and that they agreed 
that the English shall remain as far up the River as y® Tide 
flows & no farther, & those that were settled above should be 
remov'd, and the Boundary Line should be at the head of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 369 

Tide, & Gave the settlers leave to Tarry on their Lands untill 
they got in their Harvest — 

There was a Number of their young men that was desire- 
ous to go up to the Court I told them unless they Inlisted 
for one or two years that it would not Answere the Intention 
of the Colony & therefore I would not Consent to their 
going — I beg leave to Subscribe my self 

Your Honors most Obedient Humble Serv' to Command 

Tho» Fletcher 
Penobscot River Aug* 16*'^ 1776 

In the House of Representatives Sept. 2^ 1776 

Read and committed to Coll Coffin Cap* Batchelder & M'' 

Sergeant with such as the Hon^^® Board may join — Sent 

up for Concurrence 

J Warren Spk"^ 

In Council Sep' 3. 1776 

Read & Concurr'd Jabez Fisher and John Tay 

John Av— 



Letter from Major Dan^ Ilsley. Aug. W^ 1776. 

Falmouth August 20'" 1776 
Gentlemen 

I am Sorrey to troubel you with an Ace* of the Deseegre- 

able Situation of our Troops under the Command of Coll 

Mitchell — the Coll has all along Shown Himself More 

unUke a Soldier or a Gentleman then any thing Els- the 

task is Deseegreable to Shew to the Publick tlie Defects of a 

Superior — I am Censable of the Desadvanteg I am under 

when Specking of such was it only the Personal ill treatment 

Rcf;'' my Self (Knowing my obligation to my Superior) I 

might have Boarn With Such Usage When the Coll took the 

Command it was my Gratest Ambition ( Knowing liow 

24 



370 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

intierly unacquainted with the Buisness he had engaged in ) 
to Inform him as far as my Small Abillityes w*^ admit of — 
it was by the Coll* Desier I keept the orderly Book in the 
Same manner as whilst I Commanded — tho Never in the 
Least Controul*^ me all he had to Do with the matter was to 
Sign his name to the orders — yet I was often abused in 
other matters — as to his Giveing aney Instructions Con- 
searning the Loins Foorts Batteries or Prepareing tools tim- 
ber Plank wood or Iron for Gun Carreges he Did not Chues 
to Consarn himself with — the Reason I Suppose is their was 
a Posability of markmg the Caller — Provided the General 
Court Shuld Disaprove Such Proceedings — By tliis time the 
New arrangment Coms to falmouth for Ranking the Captn* 
at which time I Request the Coll to give General orders to 
the Regiment in his own name that they might no their 
alarm Post and their Duty in case of an alarm — and the 
Duty of Guards and to Establish the Rank of Captains — 
the Coll Refused Giveing any orders of the kind to any 
Body Except Capt Morten and Lowell — which the Coll 
asked me to Rate — I Declind telling him I Culd not think 
it Proper to give orders to two Captn* only when the whol 
Regiment was neglected — I then Desiered the Coll to Call 
the Regiment together and Let them no their Ranks — the 
Coll Ripled he Shuld not meddel with the matter — I told 
him I was Inf orm*^ the Counsel had Ranked the Regement — 
He Said it was the first he Ever [heard] of — I told him I was 
well inform*^ their was an order Counsel in falmouth for Rank- 
ing Capttains he Replid it was the first he Ever heard of it 
the matter was Intierly New to him — I Replid the third time 
in Near those words Coll I am well Inform^ that an order of 
Counsell has bin Dehverd into your hand for that Purpes 
and I am Surpriesd to hear You Say You Never heard of it 
— the Coll in a pasion Said if the Counsell had Dun any 
Such thing it was the most astonishing Proceeding he Ever 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 371 

heard of — the Counsell had taken that upon them that Did 
not Belong to them that he Did not Beleve the Counsel Con- 
sarnd with it — for he had no Letter with it and talked with 
Coll Powell and Coll Powell Said he Never heard a word of 
it and Did not Beleve the Counsell Ever Consarnd with 
Ranking the Captn* — and if he Coll Mitchel Executed that 
order Captn^ Hooper and Lithgow wd Leav the Service — 
that the Rank was only By the falmouth Representetives 
without his Desier that he only asked them to get Cap* Mor- 
ton Rank*^ — I told the Coll that was not the Case for I was 
Present that he wd be glad to have them Rank' and made 
no Destention who Shuld be first or last in Rank and the 
Coll well New that the Regiment was at that time without 
Rank from the Day that he first mustered them which was 
on the 19th of May — as to the two Compy* Leaving the Ser- 
vice I am Sorrey Such thing Shuld be mentioned — We have 
Six Companies five of them is agreed to a man if I am not 
Deceived — I am Sorrey it Shuld be Said by the Coll that 
Cap' Lithgow w** Leav the Service for Such Reasons — it is 
far from it — he is a gentleman well attached to the Cans of 
his Countrey Studies for the Peace of the Regiment and is 
willing to Continue in falmouth or march into any Part of 
Amarica if Cald upon — Coll Mitchel has not Reviewed the 
Regiment Since the 19'^ of May or ordered them togather 
Since the 29"^ — I have often Pled with the Coll and Urged 
the Necesity of the Reg' Being well Disceplnd I have 
attempted to Call the Regiment togather for Exercise and 
Review and the ('ol° lias forbid any Such thing more than 
once or twice to my Self — and he has forbid Captn** Crocker 
Lithgow Lord and Lowell of meeting togather at the Parrade 
or Exerciseing togather and told them it was Contrary to his 
orders for luiy Regimental I'cinadc! whatever and lie w'' allow 
of no Sucli tiling the Capt" farther Urged that they Vallew** 
Nothing about the Rank if he w'' Permit as many Companies 



372 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

as have a Desire of Exerciseing togather they Should take it 
as a favour But the Col° Refused them as they Inform*^ me 
— Saying it might be Considered as a Regimental Perrade 
which he Did not allow of — the 4 Captn* have been Repre- 
manded for marching to the meeting hous with 4 Compy* 
togather on the Sabath tho agreable to his own orders 
of Ag' 11*^ & 18*^ yet so Contrary to his mind that he Sent 
a New order for all the Captains to march Seperate Dated at 
12 oClock the Inclosed is a Coppey is it Posable for officers 
and Soldiers who are well attached to the Cans of their 
Countrey to Baer this from a man who has not the Least 
Idea of a Soldier or his Dutey — Neither will he be advised 
by his officers — But Compels his Regiment to Live in the 
Neglect of their Dutey — I Se no Part of his Conduct as a 
Soldier But what is arbitrary and Depending Intirely upon 
his own will that want the name of a Soldier — You will 
find by the Coll* orders of Ag* 11"' and 18'*^ that I was ordred 
to Se them Complid with — that the Reg' go to meeting in 
order — the Drums Give the time of Day as they Marchd I 
no of no order but the Drums and Companys Going togather 
the Coll was so Displeased to Se 4 Companies March agrea- 
ble to his own orders tho not to his mind that he Sent out 
the New order Dated ag* 18th 12 o Clock which you have 
Inclosed— the officers ware Supprised Sum of which appli*^ 
to me to no my mind Consarning the orders I told them it 
was the Sabath I was Loth to advise. But as I had the 
Colls order for the Dutey of the Day. I Shuld Be on the 
Perrade at the Usual time & if the Companies ware their I 
Shuld Lead them to the Meeting hous which was accordingly 
Dun — the Coll it Sems was Very angry to Se that the Regi- 
ment ware Like to be united the officers ware Repremanded 
for Disobeying orders — the Colonel mil not talk with me 
on the Subject. But agreat Deal about me — 
it is true they the Soldiers have Dun agrate Deal of work in 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 373 

fortifj-ing and with ChearfuUness which is not Common 
amongst Soldiers and Culd we be Permitted to QualHfy our 
Selves for their Defence : it might be the means under God 
of Saveing Part of the Countrey from the Raveges of our 
Enemies — I w*^ not be understod that I am Clear of all 
Blame Neither Do I Contend on my own account it Cost me 
maney a weresom hour when I might be at Rest Culd I be 
Content to Lie in the Night of my Dutey — 
the Post we hold is of the gratest importence to this State 
and Shu"^ the Enemy attack us whilst Coll Mitchel will Not 
Suffer the Regiment to be Reviewed Regulated or Examined 
or give aney order for that Purpus, the Consequence must be 
Shocking — the Millitia that w*^ Probably Com to our assist- 
ence Might Expect to Se us in Sum order I wish it might 
Prove So — 

I Shall take it as Doing me a favour if You will Lay my 
Letter Before the Honourabel Court or Before the Honour- 
able Counsell for this State as Soon as it Can Conveniently 
be Dun I think it a Duty which has to Long ben Neglected — 

I am Gentlemen with Respect Your Deutful Serv* at Com*^ 

Daniel Ilsley 

To the Gentlemen Representetives for the town of Fal- 
mouth — 



Letter from Iho'^ Rice. Aug. 22, 1776. 

We whose Names are hereunto subscribed not only in 
Obedience to the Recommendation of the General Court, but 
from an earnest & sincere Desire to promote tlie Liberty & 
IIap[)iness of America, do voluntarily oifer to excliange hard 
Money for ( Continental Bills when called upon therefor ; to 
the amount of the Number of Dollars aflixed to our respective 
Names to be applied in carrying (ni the War in Canada — 



374 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Mens Name* No 



Dols 



Mens Names No 



Dols 

Ebenezer Whittier 40 

Jn° Langdon jun 35 

John Barber 30 

Tho" Rice 4 

Sir 

In Obedience to the Recommendation of the General 
Court I have obtained what Subscription I could in the East 
Precinct in said Town, for the exchanging hard Money for 
Continental Bills & herewith transmit the same, 1 found in 
general a ready mind amongst the People, but they had not 
ability ; Our means of getting money not only in this Town 
but County is at an End and what little the People had they 
are now oblidged to part with for the Necessaries of Life. 
Ever}" thing the People have in their Power to do for the 
publick Weal they in general are ready to perform, and hope 
impossibilities are not expected. — 

I am in behalf of the Committee of Correspondence your 

Honors most Obedient humble Serv* 

Tho« Rice 

Hon^'® James Warren Esq' 



Letter from Francis Shaw. Aug. £8, 1776. 

Machias 28»'> August 1776 
Hon^^* Gentlemen, 
( Copy by M'^ Gardner ) 

After Removeing many Difficultys started by the Crew of 
the Diligent, and laying wind bound several Days We sail'd 
from Piscataqua the 14*^'' Instant and arrived here the 25''' 
after being Confined in Gouldsborough six Days by the 
Viper Man of War, who took two Sloops from this place 
within about six Miles of us, as we run into Gouldsborough 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 375 

and lay off and on that Harbour most of the Time, as We 
had not more than half our Compliment of Men, and them 
but very Indifferent. Cap* Lambert tho* proper to let the 
Ship Remove before We should proceed, by Persons that 
have been taken and Released, We find she has but ten Car- 
riage Guns, Eighteen Swivels and about 100 Men, one half 
of them Diseffected and only want an oppertunity of being 
properly Eugaged to rise on their officers. Her present 
Station is between Grand Manan and Seguin, should she Fall 
in with two of your Honors Sloops of War, I dare say they 
would Clear this Coast of the greatest Scourge they have 
had since the Commencement of the present War,— 

Should I succeed in gitting a Number of Indians it would 
be Imposible to git them to the Westward, unless the Viper 
is removed from her Station, add to that the Distress this 
Country must be in as they can get no provissions from the 
Westward past Her, and the advantage our Enemy has, by 
supplying the English W. Islands with Lumber and P'ish 
they take 

I would further add, one or more Ships are loading at 
Annopalass that the Inhabitants of Nova Scotia come to Pas- 
samaquodia for Lumber for them, and as several have been 
taken and afterwards Clear'd by your Honors our Armed 
vessels are Intirely Discouraged from taking them, and 
unless some Stop is put to that Trade, and the Viper 
removed, the acts of the Hon'''® Continental Congress against 
the English Islands being supplyed will be Frustrated, and 
this Country ruined — 

Cap* Smith infonns me that the Indians that have been 
in lately are very desierous of going to Cumberland, that 
some have offer'd to bring the Field Officers of that Regi- 
ment away, and from Letters lately Receiv'd from there, the 
Gentlemen agree in oppinion that the Omquest of that Fort 
may be easily Effected, by our Friends there and a few 



376 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Indians, however as your Honours would not give me Lib- 
erty to go there I shall not presume to do it, unless the pros- 
pect be so Clear that I should think it a Neglect of Duty not 
to attempt it. 

Aug* 30'^'^ Since I wrote the foregoing M"^ Gardner and 
several others taken in the Sloops from this place have 
arrived here as M"^ Gardner takes passage in the Diligent, he 
can Informe you that they have Ree*^ ace** of Coming down, 
and both Ships being Sent to St Johns after us Concluding 
it would not be prudent for the Diligent to proceed to S* 
John's. We have tho't best for her to Return to your 
Honors — 

I shall just Mention that the Schooners people Complained 
of not being paid for past services I am affraid it might be 
the same for this Trip therefore I was oblig'd to promise 
them that this Muster Roll would be paid Immediatly on 
their Return, and they now expect your Honors will make 
my promise good — several Bales of Goods by accident 
broak open on board the Schooner & 1 p* Linn en & several 
small articles are missing — no doubt the Cap* must be 
accountable as I Often caution'd him against leaving the 
Cabbin Door open when absent. — 

if the Diligent should be sold Cap* Lambert has Express'd a 
Desire to serve your Honors in any other Vessel that may be 
Sent this way, as I cant pretend to be a Sutable judge of the 
Qualifications necessary for a Commander I shant pretend to 
say any more than he has bro't us thus far safe and I suppose 
would have gone further if I had tho't it prudent — 

I meet M"^ Preble at Piscataqua and Engaged him as Inter- 
preter which was very Luckey as the Person I expected to 
git here is absent — The Reason I did not let the Diligent 
lay here it was so uncertain when I should Return, & the 
Expence would have been much greater than proceeding in 
two Boats with our provisions — I have two Days waiting a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 377 

fair Wind I shall Embrace the first, and Make all possible 
Dispatch Informing you of ray proceedings by every favour- 
able oppertunity — 

I Remain with much Esteem Gent" Your most Hum' Serv* 

Fra: Shaw 

P. S. If I dont meet any Vessel to take the Indians, I 
shall be moveing Westward in Boats & Canneaus as far as 
Gouldsborough there and at this place they may hear from 
Me — 

To the Hon^'« the Council & Hou^^^ Hon- of the State of 
Massachuse- 



Letter from James M^Cohh. Sejjt. 3, 1776. 

Georgetown Sept. 3, 1776 
Honoured Sir 

I Send Inclosed the Subscription of a few of the Inhabitants 
of this Poor Town. I Believe we are all to a man hearty in 
the Common Cause, but our Poverty Restrains us. the Resolve 
of the Honourable Court Never Came to hand, untill the first 
of August, which was the Reason of our being so far behind 
liand. our not having a Post Established any farther than 
Falmouth which is fifty miles from here is a very great dam- 
age to us. we han* an opertunity to know our Dutey. the 
money will be Ready as soon as the Bills is sent Down, and 
I suppose mostly in Dolors the Honourable C>ourt will be 
Pleased to order how it will be transported. 

I uin Honour*^ Sir with the Greatest Respect Your most 
Humble Servant 
in Ijcliali of y* Connnittee James M'Cobb Cljairman 

Henry Gardner Esq"^ 



378 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

N«>16. 



In the House of Representatives Septem' 7***, 1776. 
John Taylor Esq"^ brought down the following form of a 
Letter reported by the Committee of both Houses to whom 
was committed a Letter from M'' Thomas Fletcher as an 
answer to the same. 

Watertown Sepf^ 7"\ 1776. 

Sir 

The Council have receivd your favor of the 27'^ of July 
informing us that the Indians of the Penobscot tribe, for 
Good reasons by them suggested, conclude not to engage in 
the Continental Army at present. 

Therefore the Thirty Pounds put into your hands to 
enable You to enlist and bring up a number of the said Tribe 
can not be improv'd for that purpose, therefore the General 
Court direct that You return said Thirty Pounds to Henry 
Gardner Esq"^ Receiver General for this State, and take his 
receipt therefor the first safe Opportunity. 

In Council Sept. V"^ 1776 

Read & Accepted Sent down for Concurrence 

Read & Concurr'd. 



Report. 1776. 

The Committee appointed to Consider what Towns Shall 
be abated, of their Proportion of the Taxes that might be 
laid on them, agreeable to the last Valuation, and what part 
of Such Tax Shall be Abated them, have considerd the mat- 
ter, and beg leave to Report, the foiling abatement to the 
Towns hereafter named ( Viz ) 

Boston 1/3 Sep» V^ 1776 



Roxbury 


1/5 


Charlstown 


8/9 


Marblehead 


1/2 


Glocester 


1/3 


Falmouth 


1/2 


Plymouth 


1/8 


the County 


of Lincoln 1/3 


Welllleet 


1/10 


Manchester 


1/8 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 379 

Tho* Crane p' order 

9/10 



Letter from James Lyon. Sept. 1776. 

Honorable Gentlemen 

I have often troubled the Court with my scribling, & once 
with my presence, but was neither known nor regarded, 
because I did not approach in a parliamentary way, tho' sup- 
ported, or rather sent, by the most respectable men in this 
place — Do your Honors expect all the formalities of a Court 
from loggers & millmen? 

I once more beg leave to approach, with due respect, & to 
speak with freedom, without offence. My subject is the 
Country, which lies between Penobscot & Nova Scotia ; & 
should I appear to express myself with too much energy & 
pathos, I hope it will be imputed solely to my exquisite sen- 
sibility of my subject. I feel what I say, & mean, if possible, 
that your Honors shall feel it likewise. 

It has often been asserted, if we may credit liuman testi- 
mony, by members of this Hon^'® Court, tliat the Eastern 
Country is a moth, that it has cost more tlian it is w oitli, «Sc 
that it would be wisdom in the Government to neglect it 
utterly, & suffer it to sink — I suppose that part of the 
Country East of Penobscot is meant, for the other part is in 



380 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

some measure represented, better known, & surely worth sav- 
ing. I shall, therefore, take it for granted that the part only, 
in which I live is the moth to Government. 

I readily grant that your Honors are competent Judges of 
the qualifications of your own members, but since you never 
yet pretended to infallibility, it is possible, that in some 
instances, ignorant & illiterate have by some means or other, 
crept in among you. And whenever this happens, I blame 
not this Hon^^® Court, but those, who sent them. Were I 
permitted even to name what I tliiuk the necessary qualifica- 
tions in a good Statesman, I should say. He ought to be a 
gentleman of an enlarged mind, well furnished with historical 
facts & an extensive acquaintance with men & things, & with 
the constitution of his own Country, in particular, & with 
every part of his dominions ; he ought also to be a gentleman 
of established integrity & extensive benevolence, who esteems ' 
the happiness of every part of the State his own highest hap- 
piness & glory. Such a person will do honor to a public sta- 
tion & diffuse peace & joy thro' the State ; while the person 
destitute of these qualifications is really a nuisance & a curse 
to the public in any exalted sphere. Have these gentlemen, 
therefore, who think & speak so lightly of this Eastern Coun- 
try, all these necessary qualifications? Have they any of 
them? Not to mention their profound acquaintance with 
history, ancient & modern, &; the grand & interesting occa- 
sions of the rise & fall of states, kingdoms & empires, do they 
know any more of a valuable part of their own dominions, 
than they know of the extent of Country, & the nature of 
the soil, in the moon ? And are not their integrity & benevo- 
lence strongly to be respected, when they openly oppose every 
thing that is motioned for the benefit of this infant Country, 
if attended with a trifling expense ? & publickly declare their 
willingness, that thousands of wholesome inhabitants, & as 
brave a people, as any on the face of the earth, should perish 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 881 

in all the horrors of famine & war? But they are my 
superiors — 

Our situation is far more deplorable, than the situation of 
the Boston people ever was, till the town was shut up. And 
perhaps we are as useful members of the State. Yet donations 
were generously heaped upon them from almost every quar- 
ter. But did we ever ask for charity? Some of the princi- 
pal inhabitants of this place, petitioned for a scanty pittance 
for their minister, & the ostensible reason assigned for not 
granting it was, " The petition does not come before us in a 
parliamentary way. The sums asked for, with this single 
exception, have always been requested as a loan, which, we 
think, we shall be able to pay, with interest, when the times 
are settled — I suspect, however, that this Hon'''^ Court, in 
general, have too contemptible an opinion of this part of the 
Eastern Country. I beg leave, therefore, to speak a few 
words in its commendation. I have travelled over a great 
part of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, 
Rhode Island, Boston Government, & Nova Scotia, & been 
an inhabitant of all these States, except Connecticut & Rhode 
Island : & call myself something of a judge of lands. And 
I must say. That the Eastern Country, in my opinion, is 
e(|ual to any I ever saw. The climate, if not so pleasant as 
some others, is more healthy, & the natural increase of inhab- 
itants is greater. Tlie soil is exceedingly natural to grass, & 
when properly subdued, will produce immense quantities of 
beef, butter, cheese &c — 

It produces excellent wheat, rye, barle}', oats, peas, beans, 
hemp, (fc some indian corn in the internal paiis, & almost all 
kinds of i-oots. The proportion of barren land is probably 
less than in most other Countries. — To these things I must 
;i<M tlic fishery on tlie (yoasts, wliicli will in time su})i)ort an 
incredible number of people & fuinisli our navy with able 
seamen. — 



382 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

However meanly, therefore, some persons may think of 
this Eastern & extensive part of the Continent, I assert, 
without claiming the spirit of prophecy, that it will one day 
vie with the other States of America in greatness & glory, if 
not give them law. Your Settlements here are promising 
children, in their minority who must be tenderly nursed, & 
when grown to manhood, will become the support and conso- 
lation of their aged parents. 

Should your Honors, notwithstanding, think them a moth, 
& not worth keeping, I beg of you to dispose of the country, 
together with the right of dominion, & give us, the inhabi- 
tants the offer. We will engage to procure purchasers, who 
will give you 15 times as much as it will cost you. We 
shall then soon become a free and independant State our- 
selves. And I assure you, we shall think Nova Scotia worth 
annexing to our dominions. 

And if your Honors think us worth keeping, I beseech 
you, by all the tender emotions of the human heart, & by 
every thing sacred — to take some care of us. The coast 
would be worthy of a guard, were there not an inhabitant 
upou it, but the inhabitants amount to thousands, who are a 
hardy brave people, & acquainted with the climate & the 
nature of the soil, & therefore are better than twice the num- 
ber, that could be sent here, for such would have every thing 
to learn. But — Pardon my freedom! Instead of encour- 
aging & supporting us hitherto, as we ought to have been, 
this Hon''^® Court has neglected us, & taken our privateers, 
our principal strength, which cost us our blood, from us. 
And in consequence of this, a number of industrious fisher- 
men, & all the vessels, on which we depended for present 
subsistence, have been taken by brittish robbers, & a number 
of our respectable people, men, women, & children, carried 
into captivity. If any of our people have represented these 
two privateers as useless, while here, they certainly mistook 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 383 

our true interest. They were a terror to our enemies, & 
under God, if I mistake not, our salvation last summer. Now 
they are gone, our enemies barges infest our harbours & take 
our vessels — 

Should your Honors now ask, what I mean by all this? I 
reply. I earnestly request you to send one of your frigates, 
or two or three of your ablest privateers to take the ship that 
infests our coasts, & clear the way for fishermen & coasters ; 
& then perhaps some generous persons may be disposed to 
send us bread & take some of our lumber. I ask for a small 
army to subdue Nova Scotia, or at least that some person or 
persons, may have leave to raise men, & go against that 
Province, at their own risque. 1 V)elieve men enough might 
be found in this county, who would chearfuUy undertake it, 
without any assistance from Government. The people this 
way are so very anxious about this matter, that they would 
go in whale boats rather than not go. Provided they might 
call what they took their own in common with the good peo- 
ple of that Province. I confess, I am so avaricious, that I 
would go with the utmost chearfulness. I hope, however, I 
should have some nobler view, for I think it our duty to 
relieve our distressed brethren, & bestow upon them the same 
glorious pi-iviledges, which we enjoy, if possible, & to deprive 
our enemies, especially those on this Continent, of their power 
to Imrt us. With these views the Committee of this place 
were petitioned for leave to go against that Province. And 
had our re(|uest been granted, in all probability, that Country 
had now been intirely ours, & vast quantities of provision 
wouhl have been cut off from our enemies. Mess" Shaw, 
Foster & Smith would now do the business. But were our 
General Court, at their own expense to take Nova Scotia, the 
other States of America wouhl liavc no pretentions to any 
part of it. And the acquisition would be unspeakably great. 
That Province is invaluable, & would make ample amends 



384 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

for the expense, & we must have it, or our fishery is lost. 
Now it is ahnost defenceless, & nearly nine tenths of its 
inhabitants would bid us a hearty welcome, & now it may be 
taken without much loss of blood, if any, but hereafter it may 
cost us very dear. — 

I highly approve of the noble spirit & resolution of Capt. 
Eddy, & heartily wish him success, & all the honor of reduc- 
ing Nova Scotia, provided our General Court do see fit, that 
any of their own subjects should share it with him. The 
reduction of that Province is a matter of the utmost conse- 
quence to this place, & would relieve us of many of our 
distresses. — 

Should it be thought that I meddle with matters which do 
not belong to me, & that the Committee of Mechias ought to 
have written. I acknowledge, that their writing would have 
been the parliamentary way, but at present, this is almost 
impracticable, for they are much dispersed & broken to 
pieces, two of them are taken by the enemy, & one at the 
westward. Indeed we are all in a poor broken situation. If, 
therefore, the Committee cannot write, why may not I? 
especially when I write nearly the sense of all the members 
of the Com*®® whom I have seen, & the sense of almost every 
inhabitant ? The meanest Subject of a free State may com- 
plain, when agrieved, to the highest Court, & draw near to 
the supreme authority, with filial confidence & freedom. I 
mean to do no more. This is my birthright : & should I 
neglect to improve it, when conscience, & the distresses of 
all around me command, your Honors yourselves would blame 
me. But [ forget myself & intrude too far. 

I am, with great deference & respect. Your Honors most 
faithful but distressed servant & subject 

Ja^ Lyon 

The Hon^*® The Council & House of Commons of the State 
of the Massachusetts Bay — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 385 

P. S. I am heartily sorry that the officer I recommended 
to the Hon^''« Court, has not acted with all that dignity & 
honor, that could be wished. When I wrote in his favor, I 
had no knowledge of his inclinations to impose on the public 

The vessels lately taken going out of this place were a brig 
from S' Croix, John Coulson Master, the Sloop Unity formerly 
belonging to Capt. Ichabod Jones, & a sloop belonging to M'^ 
Jonathan Pierson of Newbury — 

In Council Sep-" lO'i^ 1776 

Read & comitted to Richard Derby Ju" Esq with the Let- 
ters from Major Francis Shaw and M' Stephen Smith accom- 
paning the same with such as the Hon''^* House shall join to 
take the same under Consideration & Report — 

Sent down for Concurrence Samuel Adams Secr^ 

In the House of Representatives Sept. 10"' 1776 

Read and concurred & Brigadr Preble & M*" Palfry are 
joined — 

J Warren Spk' 

In Council Sep"" 12*1^ 1776 Ordered that Eldad Taylor 
Esq'' be a Coinittee to take s** Letters under Consideration in 
the Room of Rich'' Derby Ju"" Esq excused 

John Avery Dp^ Sec" 



Certificate. Oct. If. 177 G. 

We the Subscribers Commission'd Officers of five Com- 
panies station'd at Falm°, do hereby certify to all wliom it 
may concern. That Major Daniel Ilsley, second in Connnand 
at this place, has invariably discovered a disposition to sup- 
port the order and promote lh(! (lis(i[>liii(! of the Corps in this 
Regiment, u laudiihlc '/a-a\ in jihiniiing and forwarding the 
Fortifications (.-ariying on iierc, and we bidievc always aimed 



386 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



at preserving Union and establishing Harmony among the 
Troops, and in our Opinion deserves the Approbation of the 
Officers, as a Gentleman & a Soldier 

Falm° 4^^^ October 1776 
Nath^ Cousens Rich*^ Harnden 
Josiah Davis Ebenezer Most 

John Skillin George White 

Amos Andrews John Goodwin 
Abner Lowell Isaac Battle. 



William Crocker 
William Lithgow Ju*^ 
Tobias Lord 
Briant Morren 



Petition of Maj"- Dan} Ilsley. Oct. 11, 1776. 

Watertown Octob^ 11th 1776 
To the Honourable Counsel for the State of the Massachu- 
setts Bay the Petition of Daniel Ilsley Humbly Sheweth that 
your Petitioner Being appointed By your honours Commis- 
sion — Second in Com^^ at falmouth — which office he has 
Indeavoured to honour by a faithfull Discharge of the obli- 
gation I was under for the honour Dun me in my appoint — 
But Being Prevented by Colonel Mitchel my Superior in 
Com*^ — whos Conduct as an officer has Bin Laid Before 
Your honours by a Letter or Petition from the Committees 
of the Several towns for the County of Cumberland — who 
must be Better acquainted with the Col* Carrector as a Privet 
gentleman — the princaple officers in the Reg* Being Present 
at the time the Colonel was with the County Committee — 
their Proceedings must be Impartial and their ace* of the 
Colonels Neglect is undouptedly true — But the Colonel on 
his Return from watertown — Shew to my Self and the 
Cap"* an order from your Honours Laying aside all Regimen- 
tal Perrads — and Rank of the Reg* unknown — which has 
alarmd the officers of five Companies with a Suspicion that 
we have been Represented to your Honours as being Disloyal 



OF THE STATE OF MAQiTB 387 

— that our meeting togather for Exercise was attended with 
Evils Such as Indangered the State — Your Petitioner is of 
opinion that Shuld the Enemy attack the Seacost men whilst 
in Such an unsetled State Many good Soldiers must fall a 
Sacrifice or abandon their Post with Shame therefore Pray 
Your Honours w** appoint a Committee from the Honourable 
Bord to Examin papers which have Com to your honours 
Knowledg — Conserning the Neglect of Colonel Jonathan 
Mitchel — 

And your Petitioner as in Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray 

Daniel Ilsley 

In Council Ocf 11*^ 1776 

Read & CoiTiitted to John Whetcomb Esq to take the said 
Petition into Consideration & Report — 

John Avery Dp^ Sec'^ 



Extract of a Letter. Oct. lo, 1776. 

Extract of a Letter from a Gentleman at Falmouth Casco 
Bay- 

dated Oct. 15, 1776. 

It is surprising Sugar continues so dear, when such 
immense Quantities are brought in ; but I am informd that 
the Rich Merchants are bringing it all up to ship to Spain : 
Surely they cant be Friends to the Country to suffer the 
Common People, the Support of the Country to give such 
exorbitant Prices for necessaries, that they may make them- 
selves exorbibmtly rich — They may pretend what they 
will, but it is plain they have little or no regard to the good 
of tli(; People — tlierefore no Friends to tlie Countiy — and 
I hope the Government \\\\\ interpose to prevent oppression 
from our own Grandees as well as those of England — 



388 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Order 1776. 

In Council Oct^ 19, 1776 

Ordered That William Phillips Esq'' with such as may be 
join'd by the Hon^ House be a Committee to treat with the 
Owners, of a Prize Ship lately arrivd at Falmouth laden with 
Woolen & other dry Goods — respecting the purchase of such 
part of the s*^ Goods as may be wanted to cloath the Troops 
raisd by this State to serve in the Continental Army. 
Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery Dp^ Sec^ 

In the House of Representatives Ocf^ 19, 1776 

Read & concurrd & M"" Otis & M'^ Appleton are join'd 

J Warren Spk 



Report. 

The Committee of both Houses have attended the within 
service & find upon enquiry that there is a considerable 
quantity of Woolens Lead &c on board the within mentioned 
Prize Ship and also on board another Prize in Salem Har- 
bour, which the Owners are of opinion that they cannot dis- 
pose of at private Sale, nor any other than Public Vendue, 
to give satisfaction to the Captors. 

Therefore beg leave to report as their opinion that it is 
necessary to take some effectual measures for the purchasing 
those articles immediately 

W"' Phillips e Order 

In Council Oct. 28^^ 1776. 
read and sent down 

John Avery Dp^ Sec^ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 389 

Co'py of record. Rev. Jacob Bailey's Case. Oct. 28, 1776. 

At a Meeting of the Committee of Correspondence &c for 
the Town of Pownalborough Oct' 28" 1776 — 

The Committee having received Information That the 
Rev*^ Jacob Bailey had refused to read the Declaration of 
the Right Hon*"^^ the Continental Congress for Independ- 
ency ; and also that he the said Jacob still continues upon 
every Lord's Day to pray in Publick for George the Third 
King of Great Britain, as our King and Governor, according 
to the Liturgy of the Church of England. They accordingly 
summoned the said M'' Bailey to appear before them, and 
after a full hearing & Consideration of the Evidence, as also 
of the Defence of the said Bailey They resolv'd 

1 That the said Jacob Bailey did refuse to read the said 

Declaration in Contempt of an Order of Council for this 
State requiring him to read the same — 

2 Resolv'd That the Reasons assigned by the said Jacob 

Bailey for not reading the said Declaration, and which 
he has fil'd with the Committee, have a direct Tendency 
to undermine the Foundation of the United States of 
America — 

3 Resolv'd, That it appears to this Committee That the 

said Jacob Bailey still persists in praying for the King 
of Great Britain, on every Lords day in publick, as the 
King and Governor of these united States ; thereby 
approving of his Tyrannical Measures, against these 
States and of the Bloodshed in which they are involved 

4 Resolv'd That the said Jacob Bailey is in Principle and 

Practice, a most inveterate and dangerous Enemy to the 
Rights and Liberties of these United States — 

5 Resolv'd That the said Jacob Bailey appear before the 

General (Jourt of this State, on or before the second 
Tuesday of the next Session of the said Court, to 



390 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

answer for his Conduct relating to tlie Crimes afore- 
mentioned, & to any other Matters that may then and 
there appear against him 

Cha* Cushing Chairman 
A True Copy Att. Cha* Cushing Chairman 



Rev. Mr. Bailey'' s Reasons for not reading the Declaration of 

Independence. 
Gent" 

I was very unwilling to give any Offence by refusing to 
read the Declaration for Independency, neither was I desirous 
of bringing myself into any further Trouble — But when I 
came seriously to examine the solemn Oaths I had taken and 
the Nature of my Subscriptions, I found I could not comply 
without offering great Violence to my Conscience and incur- 
ring, as I apprehend, the Guilt of Perjury — 

I concluded that nothing more could be expected in the 
Affair than passive Obedience and Non-Resistance ; and if 
an Active Compliance was required, I must persist in my 
Neglect, and patiently submit to the Penalty, resolving with 
the Apostle, That it is my Duty to obey God rather than 
Man. — 

I would further observe, That my Conduct has been agre- 
able to that of my Brother Clergy Men of the Church, who 
have all ( except M'' Parker ) neglected to read the Paper for 
Independency and I may add if rightly informed, several 
Congregational Ministers have done the same, notwithstand- 
ing they were not under the like Obligations — 

I have consulted the most eminent Writers, & find that 
both Divines and Civilians agree with the Psalmist, That an 
Oath ought to be observed as sacred ( except the Matter of 
it is unlawful ) tho a Man swear to his Hurt, and that rather 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 391 

than break it lie should be ready to abide by any Consequen- 
ces which may attend his stedfast Adherence to it. — 

I had the Oaths admmistred to me in the Time of Divine 
Service on a Sunday, at the Church of S* James, in the pres- 
ence of a Multitude of Spectators, where I was required to 
repeat every Word, laying my Hand at the same Time on 
the Holy Gospels ; after which I signed a declaration to the 
same Purpose ex Animo, and then was order'd to S*^ Martins 
the King's Parish Church, where I took the Sacrament as a 
Confirmation of my Oath — 

Gent, A Church or Place of Religious Worship ought to 
be Bacred to Truth, and no Minister ought to publish any 
Thing but what he really believes agreable to the Truth. 
And if he declares any Thing against the Conviction of his 
own Mind, let who will be the Author or Director, he must, 
I think be highly dishonest, and disregard every Dictate of 
Honor, Conscience and Integrity — Now if I firmly believe 
as I have solemnly sworn. That no Authority has Power to 
absolve me from my Oath, and I find the Declaration contains 
such an Absolution, I cannot read it without the grossest dis- 
simulation. I both act directly against my Oath, and deal 
deceitfully with the present Government — If after swearing 
expressly as I have done, that the Pope, for Instance, has no 
Authority to absolve me from my Oaths, I should in a place 
of sacred Worship, against my Belief, in Obedience to any 
other Authority declare that the Pope has absolved me from 
my Oath of Allegiance, would not every body conclude That 
I had broken my Oath. Again, supposing I had taken an Oath 
of Fidelity to the Congress and had solemnly renounced all 
other Power that should attempt to subvert their Authority, 
and afterwards, the Army, for Instance, was to set up in Oppo- 
sition to the Congress and to proclaim their General King of 
Ameiiea, and should order mu to puljlish such a proclama- 
tion in a place of publick Worship, could I honestly comply ? 



392 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

[ Gent. 

I have lived a considerable Time in the World, and have 
passed thro' a Variety of Scenes, without being consider'd 
heretofore as a Seditious, injurious, revengeful or malicious 
Person — 

There are several People in this Neighbourhood, and in 
this very Town who knew my Life and Conversation when 
very young, and I presume if called to give Testimony would 
declare that my general Conduct was sober, peaceable and 
inoffensive — 

At College I was known to two of the Gent" present, and 
defy them to charge me with a,nj Crime and I appeal to the 
College Records, from which it will appear that I was never 
punished during my Residence there in the space of 4 
years. I afterwards kept a publick school in several places 
from each of which I carried ample Testimonials of my good 
Behaviour to England, when I went there for Ordination — 
and besides was fully recommended by a large Number of 
principal Gentlemen and near 30 Clergymen of different 
Denominations — And since my Residence in the Eastern 
Country, I think none can justly charge me with being 
treacherous, turbulent, designing or factious — Who have I 
knowingly defrauded? have I studied to injure any one in 
his lawful Business? have I endeavoured to foment or 
encourage private Quarrels, or officiously intermeddled with 
the religious, civil or domestic Concerns of my Neighbours 
— have I labour'd to create Discord in Families, or con- 
tended with any one in the Law, even to recover a just debt, 
have I taken any thing from the poor and necessitous, or 
sought to enrich myself at the Expence of others. — I can 
lay my hand upon my heart and declare I never attempted 
to render a human Being miserable, or took Pleasure in 
afflicting an unfortunate fellow Creature — 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 393 

And pray, Gentlemen, what have I done to injure the 
American Cause? have I taken up Arms in favor of 
Britain? have I gone into any pubhck Meetings to defend 
or establish the Pretensions of either the King or Parlia- 
ment? have I prevented any one from enlisting into the 
Service ? have I by Word or Writing conveyed any Intelli- 
gence to the Enemy? have I ever attempted to escape out 
of the Country, even when I had an Opportunity, or have I 
aided abetted or assisted the Invaders of America? why 
then am I charged with being an Enemy to my Country : 
what is my Crime. Is it these Connections I cannot dis- 
solve ! I am criminal only for acting as every honest Man 
ought to act in same Circumstances in rather choosing to 
suffer the Penalty ( if any such is annexed ) to an Order of 
Council, than to feel the Eternal Reproaches of a Guilty 
Conscience. — I would observe further, that supposing I was 
really in my heart unfriendly to the Country ( which I abso- 
lutely deny) it is not in my Power to injure it. Can any 
Person without Money, without Influence, without Author- 
ity, without opportunity, in such a remote Corner, do any 
thing to obstruct the wheels of Government, or to determine 
the Operations of the War ? — Is it not therefore ungener- 
ous & a little inhuman to render any uneasy, who has neither 
power nor Inclination to hurt you — 

Gent° I sincerely wish to see the Prosperity of my Coun- 
try and am willing to submit to the Authority of the present 
Government in all lawful and indifferent Matters ; but to 
declare my self absolved from my former Oath of Allegiance 
I am convinced is neither lawful nor indifferent — 

I acknowledge that I have not complied with the Order of 
Council, and have neglected to read the Paper for Independ- 
ency ; but I assure you that Refusal proceeded not fiom any 
Contempt of Authority, but from a Principle of Conscience, 
and I am willing to throw myself upon the Mercy of those 



394 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Hon^ Gentlemen, and to submit to whatever Punishment 
they shall be pleased to inflict. 

Octob' 28^'' 1776. The foregoing are submitted to the 
Committee of Correspondence for the Town of Pownal- 
borough as my Reasons why I did not read the Declaration 
for Independency — 

Jacob Bailey 

A True Copy Att. Ca* Cushing Chairman 

Report of Selectmen of Town of Falmouth concerning claims for 
losses caused hy destruction of town hy Capt. Mowat. 

Persuant to an Order of the great and General Court, we 
the Select Men of the Town of Falmouth do hereby Certify 
that the foregoing Ace* of the Losses sustained by the Inhab- 
itants of s'* Town by the Enemys burning the same in Octo- 
ber 1775 is a Just & true Acco\ which account was by the 
several sufferers rendered in ( generally upon Oath ) to a 
respectable Committee chosen by the Town in Nov' 1776, 
who did then Examine & Liquidate the same ; which Com- 
mittee did consist of the following Persons, viz' 

Peter Noyes Esq' Nathaniel Wilson 

John Waite Esq' Richard Codman Esq' 

Enoch Moody John Johnson Jun' 

Daniel Ilsley Joseph Noyes Esq' 

Shepperday 

County of Cumberland Nov 3^ 1776 
To the Committee of the Township of Machias. — 
Gentlemen ! 

We have sent to your care Cap* Lieu* John Walker and 
twelve other persons taken by us at Shepperday which please 
to send to the Westward as soon as possible we would have 
you take particular care of cap* Walker as he is a Country- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 395 

man of yours and wou'd be very glad of an opportunity of 

Joining the Regulars again. — 

We are all in Ligh spirits and our party encreases daily, 

we are in hopes of bemg strengthned further by CoP Shaw 

if Possible — beg that you would inform the Honorable 

Council of our proceedings — if you have any News from 

the Westward beg that you wou'd send it to us by the 

Bearers. 

we are Gentlemen y Humble Serv" 

Jon* Eddy 

Shepperday Nov"" Z"^ 1776 — 
Cap" Stephen Smith, 

Sir/ 

You being in the service of the United States must beg 

your assistance in conveying the prisoners taken by us to 

Head Quarters as soon as possible 

I am Sir y"" Hb Serv'* 

Jon^ Eddy 

Cumberland Nov^ 12'*" 1776 
Pursuant to Instructions We proceeded from Boston raised 
a few Men and arived at Cumberland in High Spirits where 
Some of the Inhabitants Joyned us and we Seized a Vessel 
in the Harbour with a Great Quantity of Stores &c for the 
Garrison and besides an Officer and twelve Men that we 
Sent back from Shepody we have taken above Thirty Pris- 
soners and have attempted the Garrison but Cannot take it 
without Some Canon and Mortars nor Can we git off what 
we have taken witliout Some help as there is a Man of War 
in the Bay we have Therefore to Intreat of the Province of 
the Massachusetts for our Selves and for the Inhabitants of 
Nova Scotia to send some Privatiers into tlie Tiay and Some 
Troops and Mihtary Stores Tliat we May be able to Promote 
the General Cause and add another Provence to the United 
Colonies. 



396 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I Must refer you for further Intiligence to M"^ Throop the 
Bearer and Subscribe in the Utmost hast 

Your Most Obliged Obed* Humbl Serv* 

Jonathan Eddy 
To the Hon^' Council & Assel^ at Boston 

Petition of the Committee for the County of Cumberland. 
Nov. 13, 1776. 

To the Hon<* Court of the Massachusetts Bay 
Whereas Cap* Eddy with a Small Party Has Invaded Cum- 
berland and Taken a Guard of 12 Men Also a Provision 
Vessel with her Guard and a Vessel from Anopolis with 
Produce for this Place and has Attempted to Storm tlie Gar- 
rison but finds it Impractible with all the Assistance he can 
Raise here and as Inteligence is Already Gone to Hallifax 
We are in the utmost Distress Therefore beg for the Preser- 
vation of our Lives and the Lives of our FamiHes For Imme- 
diate Help of 500 or a Regiment of men if it may be with 2 
Mortars Ammunition and Provision and we your Humble 
Petitioners as in Duty Bound Shall Every Pray 
Cumberland November 13*^ 1776 

Simeon Chester 

Elijah Ayer 

W" How 

Ebenezer Gardner 

Robert Foster 

Petter Campbell 

John Bent 

William Maxwall 

Mich ell Burk 

Obadiah Ayers 

For particulars we must refer you to M'' Throop on whom 
you may depend. 



Committee 

of Safety 

for the County 

of Cumberland 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 397 

Letter from Charles Cushing. Nov. 16, 1776. 

Pownalborough Nov-- 16**' 1776 
Sir/ 

I here enclose you Copys of the Records of the Committee 
of Correspondence of this Town relating to the Rev*^ Jacob 
Bailey the Episcopal Itinerant Missionary here, who is 
declared an enemy to the rights of America by said Commit- 
tee, in order that the Gen' Court may take the matter into 
Consideration & take such effectual Measures thereon as the 
Court in their Wisdom shall think proper for discountenanc- 
ing such dangerous principles & practices as he has been 
Adjudged guilty of by said Committee — The reason he 
gave why he would not read the Declaration was because 
that he had taken the oath of Allegiance in the year 1760 to 
King George the Second — & he said that the same Oath 
was still binding upon him to Pay the same Allegiance to 
George the Third — And he further said that if the King 
should break his oath by which he was bound to Govern his 
subjects agreeable to Law, yet his Subjects who were under 
the oath of allegiance were still bound by the same to pay 
him the same allegiance as though the King had governed 
his Subjects strictly agreeable to Law & his oath & nothing 
could Absolve the Subject from their Allegiance let the 
King Conduct as bad as possible — If tliis Doctrine be 
Just what becomes of all the old officers in the LTnited States 
that have taken the Oaths of Allegiance I Have they all 
incurcd the guilt of Perjury ! If they have : It would have 
been better to have worn fetters & Chain & endured the 
greatest Tiraiiy that George the Third his Ministry & the 
Devil could impose — but those Sentiments are erroneous & 
False tS: liave no foundation in truth A: righteousness and I 
dare Say the Gen' Couit will take cai'C! that such Doctrines 
slmiild not prevail — If they are ('oiiiiivcd ;it the Stales will 
be Saped in their Foundation — Amongst the enclosed aie a 



398 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Copy of his reasons, which he sign'd for not reading the Dec- 
laration — but he was not so particular as to say that the 
oath he was Under was made to King George the 2*^ for 
which reason, I thought proper to Observe the same to You 
as aforesaid ( the oath of Allegiance is not to the King & 
his successor) together with what he said upon his examina- 
tion — You will se_ by the resolves that he was charged with 
Praying for the King — the evidence in support of that was 
his own Confession — further he did not duly observe the 
Days of Fasting — he had a Proclamation last May two Sab- 
baths before the Fast — but never read it to his People — 
He met with his People on the Day — but what they Fasted 
for they could not tell & he did not inform them & it is Cer- 
tain he did not Observe the Contents of the Proclamation — 
he never Prayed for the Success of our Arms as therein 
directed — It was on Ace* of those Clauses in the Proclama- 
tion in favor of our Land that he did not read it I conclude — 
He never failed of reading Proclamations from the Governor 
when they came in Season, and Proclamations before that 
from the Congress he treated with contempt — he would not 
even Observe the day — He gave Bond agreeable to the 3*^ 
resolve which Bond I here enclose you Should be glad you 
would deliver it to the Treasurer & in case he should not 
appear agreeable to the last resolve that then he may be cited 
to appear agreeable to the Condition of the Bond if the Court 
should think proper to Send for him — Also you have enclosed 
an Ace' of the Committe's leasing out an Estate — The mast 
that Col Lithgow & you & I were to take care of Some of 
them want to be piled up anew Should be glad you would 
consult Col. Lithgow & write down orders to Luke Lambard 
who lives near to them to do it — 

I am Sir Your most H'''*' Serv* 

Cha^ Gushing 
To Samuel Freeman Esq"^ 



OF THE STATE OF MABSTE 399 

Letter from Tf^ Tupper. Nov. 27, 1776. 

Machias Novem^ 27. 1776 
Hon'"* Gent™"" 

The Committee of Safety for the County of Cumberland 
In Nova Scotia have Represented to us the extreem difficul- 
ties they labour under by means of their Joining with Cap* 
Edd3's party and have very importunately requested all pos- 
sible aid from us «& every body able to afford them the least 
Assistance. And tho we do not altogether approve of Cap' 
Eddys going there in so loose a manner. & with so small a 
party, yet we are Disposed to help them as far as we are able 
and shall encourage all the men we can Spare, to go. the 
inhabitants of that unhappy County, upon the appearance of 
Cap* Eddy ware reduced to the Shocking dilemay of Being 
Either plundred and butchered by their friends, or of incur- 
ing the highest displeasure of their own Government the 
latter alternative they preferred and now lie Exposed to the 
rage of an abandoned administration and their wicked 
instruments — 

They also in form us that they have high Expectations 
from our Court & that Colo^ ShaAV will soon arive to their 
assistance, with a sufficient armement. We earnestly request 
your Honors therefore in your great compassion to send them 
Speedey Relief. 

We are your Honers Very Humble Servants 
By order of the Committee W'" Tupper Clerk 

To the Hono' Council and House of Assembly of the State 
of the Massachusetts-Bay 

Letter from Roland Cushhtg. Dec. ^, 177 G. 

To the Honourable the Couiicill of the State of tlio Massa- 
chusetts Bay 



400 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Having received the honour of an appointment, to the 
Second Majorit}^ in the second Regiment of Milhtia in the 
County of Lincoln ; the duties of which office, from the weak- 
ness of a declining State of health ; I am unable to execute ; 
and which a due regard to the welfare of my Country forbids 
me longer to retain — Your Honours therefore, will please to 
accept my resignation of said office with my most respectful 
acknowledgments for the same — Any service which may be 
in my power to render my Country will be done with the 
greatest chearfulness — 

I have the Honour to be with the profoundest Respect 

your Honours most obedient & very Humble Serv'' 

Roland Cushing 
Pownalborough December 4'^^ 1776 



Letter from Noah Mo*'''' Littlefield. Dec. 4, 1776 

Wells Dec- 4"' 1776 
To the Hon^i^ Board 

I have Received a Letter from the Secr^ by your honours 
Direction which Shoes the Honour Confered On Me In the 
Apointment of Lieut* Colon' In A batalion Now Raising 
Whareof Ebenezer francis Esq' Is Colon' — 

I thank your Honours for the LTndeserved favour Confired 
On Me and Am Ready & Chearful to Serve In the American 
Army for the Defence of the united Estates of America and 
Hope My Conduct Will Do honour to the Apointment 
from your Humble Serv* 

Noah Mo*°" Littlefield 

Letter from Col. Jon^'' Mitchell. 

To the Honorable the Council and House of Representa- 
tives of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 401 

Maj- it Please your Honors In Obedience to the Estab- 
lishment I have ordered a Serjeants Guard consisting of a 
Serjeant & Nine Men to Saco River— A Serjeant and 10 
Men to Kennebec River, and the like Number to Harpswell, 
who proceeded for their several Stations Eight days since — 
I should have sent out Guards before, but apprehended the 
necessity of the Works carrying on here, -which are now con- 
siderably forward, demanded the presence of all the Troops 
stationed at this Place — larger Numbers I thought could not 
be spared, consistent with the Public Service, but if I have 
erred herein your Honors Orders will determine my future 
Conduct — I take the Liberty to represent to your Honors 
that Cannon are much wanting, without which our Fortifica- 
tions must be rendered useless, except to the Enem}^ — I 
need urge no further to your Honours the necessity of hav- 
ing a supply of Cannon, as you are not unacquainted with 
tlie Importance of this Post not only to the Province of Main 
but to the preservation of all the United Collonies 

I am with profound Respect your Honors very 
Humble Servant 

Jonathan Micliell 



Letter from W'^ Lithgow Jun^ 

To the Secretary of the Honorable Council of the State of 
Massachusetts Bay — 

Sir, Being informed that y(m wrote me some time since, 
on the Subject of my appointment to a Majority, in one of 
tlie new Regiments now raising in tliis State; on the (Conti- 
nental EstaVjlisliment, under the command of Col" Ebenezer 
Francis, wliicli I liad not tlic honor to receive!; and as it is 

20 



402 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

my Opinion that no private or interested views are a suffi- 
cient Apology, at this critical and important day to decline 
the service of our oppressed, insulted Country, I take this 
Method to express my Gratitude for the honor done me, and 
also to signify to the Honorable Board ( tho' not without the 
most humiliating Sense of my own inexperience & want of 
military knowledge ) my chearful Acceptance of the Appoint- 
ment; however repugnant to my private Advantage or 
Emolument. 

I have the honor to be with the most Profound Respect 
Your Honor's very humb^® Servant 

W" Lithgow Jun'' 

Boston Q'"" Dec' 1776 



Letter from Jompli Dimuck. Dec. 23., 1776 

To the Honorabel the Counsel of the State of the Massa- 
chetts Bay Gentelmen — 

you may Remembr that you gave ordors for Raising Two 
Companys To Be Stashond on Nashone the Cap*"' have 
Borth Ben With me Sence & Returnd and Say thay Cannot 
Inlist any men By Reson of the Wages Being So Loo I 
have Ben Indavoring to foraw'^ the mater But find that To 
Be the younavarcel Compaint — if your Honers Are pleas'* 
To Give any farther ordors About the Mater I Shall Indaver 
To Conduct Agreabel thair to 

I am yours To Sarve 
Dated att falmouth Joseph Dimuck 

Desembr y« 23 1776 

lu Council Dec"" 27' 1776 
Read and thereupon Resolved, That Walter Spooner Esq"" 
with such as the Hon'ble House shall appoint be a Comittee 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 403 

to consider the above & Report what is necessary to be done 
thereon — 

Sent down for Concurrence Jn° Avery Dp^ Sec^ 

In the House of Represent* Dec"" 27, 1776 

Read and Concurred and M'' Holten & M'' Ellis are joined 

Sam^^ Freeman Speak"" P T 



Letter from Col. Eben^ Francis Jan. 3'^ 1777. 

Ticonderoga June y^ 3'' 1777 
Hon'^ Sir 

Presuming you belong to the Gen"^ Assembly this year 
Shall just Mention a few Among the many dificulties we 
labour under I Have now in my Reg*^ More than 100 good 
men that have not had a blanket to Cover them, the Greater 
part of them have been here Upwards of two montlis I need 
not Represent to you the hardships they must have under- 
gone & still do on that account not more than one half of 
their Arms are fit for Service, many of them no Shoes nor 
Hose to their feet Some few of them would be glad to have 
drawed their money for their Cloathing but it Cannot be 
oVjtained What can we Expect from Soldiers uncloathed by 
day & no Blankets to Sheild them from this Cold Clay Soil 
by night & Miserable Arms at a time when we Hourly Expect 
to be Attacked I leave you to Answer. Miserable poor Rum 
from 30/ to 42/ Xm"* & other things in proportion no Sort 
of Cloathing to l)e had at any Rate their duty very Iiard. 
Notwithstanding all tliose dificulties bcfoic nicntioucd. to 
adiiiinitioii tlie soldiers are in good spirits in Iiojics of being 

* Sterling money. 



404 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

Supplied by & b}'. is it possible to be as we are informed 
that Cloathing & arms for two full Reg*s are deposited at 
Boston while we in this Northern department are Suffering 
for want I have 490 men Arrived. I Expect Some more 
on the Road & they are very fine men it is a pity to let 
them suffer & die it will Cost a Great Sum of money to get 
more, we have on the Ground Militia & Artificers Included 
between 4 & 6000 I should be glad if it is possible we might 
have a Uniform & pay for what Cloathing the Soldiers have 
had. if there is any Scarlet Cloth in the State Store you will 
very much Oblige me if you would procure 60 yards for my 
Officers & triming for the Same & I will see you paid, you 
may depend on it that there is not any of our States Cloath- 
ing arrived Here yet Should any Come it will go in the 
Continental Store & be promiscuously dealt out to all & what 
prise they please to Set on it Could it be directed to major 
Smith y'' Commissary here it would be much better for he is 
a worthy man although he has no Stores to deal out Sir I 
trust you will Enquire into this affair & Remedy the dificul- 
ties we now labour under if in your power & let our men 
suffer no longer for what is their right as for News I Have 
but very Little the Enemy the last we heard from them was 
about 20 miles below Crown point. 

Several Officers have Lately been taken up for Innoculat- 
ing in Camp & are now on trial 

my Regards to all friends 

1 am with Respect y"" Humble Sr* in Health 

Eben"^ Francis 

Superscribed 

Beverly A member of the House of the State of the 

Massachusetts Bay 

In Council June 21 : 1777 

Read & Sent down Jn*' Avery Dp^ Secr^ 



OF THE STATE OF MALNE 405 

Letter from the Council to Gov. NicJioIas Cook. Jan. 23, 1777. 

Council Chamber Jan^ 23'* 1777. — 
S'' We have Receiv'd yours of the IS"^'' Instant and have 
Observ'd the Contents General Spencer has Informed us he 
soon expected the Arrival of One to Act in the Character of 
Continental (Commissary when Arrived will provide for Vict- 
ualling the Troops finding it difficult Calling on y^ Militia 
at this time in order to furnish our Proportion of the Men to 
be station'd at Rhode Island as it would be Detrimental & 
Impede Raising men for the Continenal Service the General 
Court In lieu thereof have Ordered One Quarter part of the 
Militia from the County of Lincoln Consisting of 

now on their March for New-York Col 
Joseph North Commander immediately to March to Provi- 
dence in the State of Rhode Island there to be Subject to & 
Under the Command of General Spencer — 

Measures have also been taken to Prevent M' Mumford 
the Post Rider from Detentions by the Ferrymen in this 
State. 

In the Name & in Behalf of the Council I am your 
Most Humble Serv* 



Letter from John Preble. Jan. 27, 1777. 

MajorVeel Jan^ 27"' 1777 
Hon'* Gentlemen 

I sail'd from Boston the 18"' of December and did not 
Reach the mouth of this River till the 13"' Jaii^ & then have 
to transport my Goods on tlie Ice HO miles wlii(;h will Cost 
me at least 70 Dollars, this makes the (ioods with the Bos- 
ton price come deare to the Indians, tlicy Complain much 



406 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of the prises & say if they cant have Goods cheaper they 
must Trade with the Enemy, then they want to be trusted 
in the Winter, which I shant do without orders from your 
Honours no further than take plate at What it Weighs — 

Sixteen Indians has been with Capt Eddy Serving as Sol- 
diers at Cumberland they have behav'^ Brave & acquitted 
their selves well their familys are Redus*^ by it, must Recom- 
mend them to your Honours Consideration as Cap* Eddy 
perswaded them to go with him. 

they have prise money due which I hope Cap* Eddy will 
see them paid Am Brose is come up in Consequence of it, & 
to see your Honours, I must beg the favour your Honours 
will send me directions what prises to give for furs & 
Wheather I may trust them at your Honours Risque of Bad 
depts made — 

I have Convers*^ with the Chiefs of this Tribe and they to 
a man are harty in our Cause — have likewise seen one of the 
Micmack Chiefs who told me their Tribe is determin^ to Rest 
easey & Remain Nutrals during the Contest between the Old 
England people & Boston men — 

I must Observe to your Honours with Submission, that as 
Am Brose Bear is a Sober Sensible man & has behav*^ so Well 
at Cumberland think him deserving a Commission among the 
Indians he is much fitter to take Care of the Tribe than 
Peer Tomer 

I Shall Gitt a list of the Indians Names As Soon as possi- 
ble & Send your Honours. I think their may be a Company 
of Smart Indians imbodyed one half English & the other half 
Indian officers for the protection of the Eastern department ) 
Am Brose has desired me to Recommend to your Honours 
Consideration a french priest for them the Committy here 
has Supply*^ those Indian familys that went to Cumberland 
with provitions while their husbands was Absent which they 
want me to Refund saying it was Major Shaws promise to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 407 

pay the men monthly Wages as Soldiers. I shall do nothing 

without your Honours Orders. 

I am may it please your Honours Your Honours Most 

Obedient Humble Ser* 

John Preble 
Superscribed : 

On the Service of the State of the Massachusetts To The 
Hona'^''® the Council & House of Representatives of the 
States of the Massachusetts Bay — 

In Council March 18 1777 Read & Coinitted to the 

Comittee on the Petition of John Allen Esq & the Memorial 

from the Counties of Cumberland & Sunbury in Nova Scotia 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery Dp^ Sec^ 

In the House of Representatives March 18' 1777 — 

Read & concurred 

J Warren Spkr 

Letter from Selectmen Sj- Comm^^ of Safety for Winslow. 
Feb. 14, 1777. 

Winslow February 14, 1777 
Sir, 

Sollicitude for the Publick Welfare, and a Desire of dis- 
charging the several Trusts reposed in us with faithfulness 
to our Constituents, is the only Apology we can make for 
thus addressing you, and we trust that a (jentleman of your 
known Patriotism will require no other. — 

In the Spring of the Year 1775 one Ephraim Ballard from 
Oxford in this Colony took Possession of a Fortress in this 
Town known by the name of Fort Halifax, with about four 
Hundred Acres of land adjoining the same, claimed by Doc- 
tor Sylvester Gardner late of Boston. 

Our Committee of Safety having received the Resolve of 
the General Court of tlie twenty third of April last, and 



408 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

being credibly informed that the Doctor, fearing the just 
Resentment of his injured Country-men had fled from Boston 
with the Kings Troops in March last, and that the said Bal- 
lard was of Principles inimicpJ to the glorious Cause in 
which we are engaged, apprehended themselves warranted to 
take the said Fort and Land into Possession and lease them 
out. Accordingly they waited on M'' Ballard and requested 
him to deliver them up — He told them that he had hired 
them of the Doctor, ( For Proof of which he produced the 
Original of which we have taken the Liberty to inclose you 
a Copy ) and could not deliver them up to them or any Per- 
sons whomsoever ; but desired that if they took Possession 
he might have the Refusal of a Lease. 

The Committee, being dissatisfied with this Answer, 
advised with the Committees of three of the neighouring 
Towns and several private Gentlemen, who informed them 
that the Fort and ten Acres of the Land were the Property 
of the State, and therefore, that they thought the Committee 
had no Right by said Resolve to dispossess the Occupier. 
Under these Circumstances the Matter rested till about three 
Weeks ago, when a Number of the Inhabitants complained 
to the Committee that M'' Ballard with a Number of People 
( supposed to be unfriendly to the grand American Cause ) 
from the next Town were cutting and haling Mill Logs on 
the Premisses, upon which one of the Committee waited on 
him and remonstrated against this Conduct, to which he 
replied, That he had lawfully purchased the Trees and that 
the Committee had no Right to interfere in the Business ; 
And the People above-mentioned, being examined, answered 
that they were no otherwise concerned in the Business than 
as they were hired by M'' Ballard. — 

This Affair's being so peculiarly circumstanced makes it 
very difficult for us to act so as to quiet the Minds of the 
good People of this and the neighouring Towns, who are 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 409 

very uneasy — We therefore most earnestly request, that 
you would employ your Influence in the General Court to 
obtain particular Instructions to the Selectmen and Commit- 
tee of this Town for their Conduct in this intricate piece of 
Business, and that they may be sent as soon as may be ; and 
that you will afford us all the other Assistance in your 
Power. 

We have the Honor to be, with the greatest Respect, Sir 
Your most obedient humble Servants 

Ezekiel Pattee ) Select Men of 
Jonah Crosby I Win slow 

Zimri Heywood ) Committee of 

John Tozer I Safety for Winslow 

llon^'® James Bowdoin Esq"^ 



Letter from Ezekiel Pattee. Feb. 16, 1777. 

Winslow February 16, 1777 
Sir 

The Anxiety of Mind which I am under for the publick 
Safety will I hope plead my Excuse for addressing a gentle- 
man in your exalted Station without having the Honor of a 
personal Acquaintance with you. — 

The Spring before Last one Ephraim Ballard from the 
Western parts of this Colony came into this Town and took 
Possession of Fort Halifax and four Hundred Acres of Land 
adjoining there, having hired them as he said of Doctor Gar- 
diner late of Boston. 

Our Committee after receiving the Resolve of the General 
Court of the 23'* of April last, and being informed that the 
Doct"^ had fled from Boston with the Kings Troops, and that 
Ballard was of Tory Principles, applied to him and requested 
that he would deliver the I'remisses into their Possession - 



410 DOCUMKNTARY HISTORY 

He replied that he had hired them of the Doctor and could 
not deliver them up. 

The Committee desirous of pi'oceeding with all possible 
Caution, advised with the Committees of the neighbouring 
Towns, who informed them that the Fort and ten Acres of 
Land were the Property of the Colony, for which Reason it 
was their Opinion they had no Right to dispossess Ballard. 
They therefore let the Matter rest till a few Weeks ago when 
some of the Inhabitants complained that Ballard with a Num- 
ber of Persons from the next Town, who were unfriendly to 
the Cause of Liberty, were logging on the Fort Farm — This 
induced one of the Committee to go to Ballard and remon- 
strate against his Conduct, who answered that he had law- 
fully purchased the Trees, and no person had a Right to 
forbid him the Use of them. And the People at Work with 
him as abovementioned, upon being interrogated, replied that 
they had no other Business w""*^ the Logs than to cut and hale 
them for M"^ Ballard, they being hired by him for that Pur- 
pose. — The peculiar Circumstances of this Affair seeming to 
require special Instructions from Authority, the Select Men 
& Committee have, by my Advice, wrote you by this Oppor- 
tunity requesting you to exert your Powers in the General 
Court in order to obtain them, to which I beg leave to subjoin 
my earnest SoUicitation, as the People here are very much 
exasperated and may possibly proceed to Extremities if the 
Matter is not soon settled, — 

I am with great Respect Sir, Your most obed* hble Serv' 

TT 1,1. T Ti J • T-. Ezekiel Pattee 

Hon.'''® James Bowdom Lsq 

Letter from Tristram Jordan. April 25., 1777. 

_ „. Pepperrellbor" April 2b'^ 1777 

Dear Sir 

By Order of Council 136 men is to be Draughted out of 

y** Militia in y^ County of York: out of that number Briga- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 411 

dier Moulton has assign"^ 43 out of my Regiment now Sir, 
you are Sensible how freely the men has inlisted out of my 
Regiment for y® American Army as I gave you an Account 
of them Some Time Since : Nine men besides the Ace* you 
had have gone from Cap* Frj^es Company : and what men 
has inlisted Since y^ Returns Made by y® Several Militia offi- 
cers to me : I cannot tell but I Believe there has been Sev- 
eral : Which has Thimi'* our men much and I Really Think 
it is not prudent to Take any more men from this Quarter 
for you are Sensible we are Expos'^ to y^ Enemy and if any 
Naval or Land forces Shou*^ come to make an Attack on fal- 
mouth were is their Succour to come from and I verily Think 
that the Enemy® Ships will go to Falmouth: for we have 
Such Good Friends as I make not y® Least Doubt will Inform 
them that no Soldiers are Station*^ at Falmouth Sufficient to 
Defend the Place and I think the men from the Regiment 
Ought not to march to the Southward, from y® Circumstances 
I have Mention*^ and many more that might be Offer*' — the 
men are Principally Draughted and I Suppose will be Ready 
to March Soon : and I shall order them to March As Soon as 
they are Ready unless they are Prevented by an order from 
Council : which Sir I hope you will Try to obtain : I have 
Inform^ y^ Brigadier that my Regiment have furnish'' their 
Quota of Troops to y® Continental army : but have had no 
answer from him, therefore I Tho* it Expedient to Write you 
on y® Subject — 

I am Sir with Esteem & Respect your Sincere Friend 

& Humb' Serv* rr. • . t i 

Instram Jordan 

To James Sullivan Esq'' 

Letter from Jon^ Lowder. May 21, 1777. 

Penobscutt 21«* May 1777 
Sir yesterday Lieut* Gillman was at Penobscutt Old 
'i'owM with the Indians on Business that they sent to Ijim 



412 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

for — before his arrival, he was met by Esq'' Ausing an 
Indian, who told him they had Certain Intelligence of a great 
Number of Indians & Regulars coming across the Country in 
order to Distress & Destroy the several Rivers of Penobscutt, 
Kennebeck & S* Johns, they are Commanded by Lonear a 
French Colonel in the Regular service, and I belive it may 
be Depended upon as a P'act, and I desire you would Com- 
municate this to the several Committees below, that the peo- 
ple may be warned to be in readiness when called for. 

N B The Indians here will keep a good look out, and 
promise to Infoi'm us with any thing that Effects us. 

I am — your Hum^ Serv* 

Jon^ Lowder 
To CoP Jon'^ Buck — 

a true Copy Signed Jon'*^ Buck 



Letter from Jonas Mason. May 22, 1777. 

To the Honourable the Council of the State of Massachu- 
setts Bay — 

May it please Your Honors. With thankfullness I acknowl- 
edge the Honor confer'd on me by a late Council of this 
State in Appointing me a Justice of the Peace for the County 
of Cumberland & also a Justice of the Infer'' Court of Com- 
mon Pleas for said County. Conscious not only of my inca- 
pacity for the proper discharge of the Duties of Said Offices, 
but now fully Sensible of my decays by reason of old Age 
and that I Stand in the way of Gentlemen of Superiour Abil- 
ities for the discharge of said Trusts, humbly beg leave to 
resign my Commission for the said respective Offices. 

That Your Honors & the Great Council of the United 
States of America may be under the Divine direction & 
Blessing in all their & Your Councils & Determinations, in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 413 

this day of difficulty & Distress, is the earnest desire of Your 
Honors much oblidged, humble Servant 

Jonas Mason 
North Yarmouth May 22, 1770. 



Letter from Col. Josiah Breiver. May 27, 1777. 

Penobscott May 27^'^ — 1777 
Sir I thought it Necessary to acquaint Y"^ Honour, That 
Lieu* Andrew Gillman who comands the Guard stationed 
here, was on a scout at the Frontier Settlements : was met 
with by one of the Indian Chiefs of the Penobscotts, who 
was coming down the River to acquaint the Inhabitants ; 
That Three Indians arriv'd from Canada y® 25 Ins', ( who 
were sent by y^ Tribe to get intelligence ) : they bring y* fol- 
lowing intelligence viz : That there was a Large party of 
Canada Indians, amounting to about 80ty in Number : 
togetlier with a number of Regulars & Canadians, Com- 
manded by one Lonier a Frenchman, now a CoP in the Brit- 
ish service : and by y" information they could gather they 
were Designed to come across the Country to y® Heads of y® 
several Rivers, to use their Influence with all the Tribes of 
Indians they meet with in their journey, to engage them in 
y* Britisli Service, in order to Destroy y® Inhabitants on y^ 
several rivers Viz S' Johns, Penobscot & Kenebeck. — I shall 
take necessary methods to Secure y® Inhabitants with y® Reg* 
of Militia under my Command ; w*''' is very small ; occasional 
by a Number being Inlisted in y° Continental Service — 

Lieu' Gillman will keep Scouting parties but to Waylay 
their Carrying Places. 

The Britains give y* Indians great Presents of Money, to 
gain tliem to, & secure them in their service. 



414 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Case of any special Emergency from the Enemy : I shall 
apply to Cor Jonathan Buck for Necessary Remforcements 
to assist us : who I have served w*^ a Coppy of this in order 
to obtain it. 

I am, Honoured, Sir, With Great respect, Your most 
obedient, and, Most Humble Servant, 

Josiah Brewer 
To the Hon^'i^ Artemas Ward Esq' 

In Council June 18, 1777 Read & sent down 

Jn" Avery Dp^ Sec^ 

In the House of Representatives June 19, 1777 

Read & committed to Coll Prescott & Mr Dix with such 
as the Hon Board shall join 

Sent up for Concurrence J Warren Spkr 

In Council June 19, 1777 

Read & Concurred and Timothy Danielson Esq is joined 

,h\° Avery Dp^ Sec^ 



Letter from J. Allaii. May 30^" 1777. 

Mechias May 30^^^ 1777 
May it Please Your Honours — I write you in great haste 
the 26'^ Ins*^ giving an Ace* that the British Armed Sloop 
Gage had gone up the River S' John, & of the Arrival of 
Cap* Jn° Preble with Cap* West, whom I had sent to the 
mouth of the River, and brought the melancholy Ace* that 
the Inhabitants were forced to submit. This Step has given 
me great Uneasiness ; I could not fall upon any Plan wherein 
I could be assur'd of the least Success ; Nothing appear'd so 
Eligible as my taking a birch Canoe, but Pierre Jommo the 
Chief with some others having been on board, & M'' Gould 
hearing of my Commissions & Business, had offer'd a Con- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 415 

siderable Premium for me. This detain'd me. I collected 
the Indians to whom I could get Intelligence, & have had 
some Conference, to outward appearance satisfactory, & have 
been oblig'd to deviate from my original Plan of Economy, 
& be very lavish : Necessity Commands it if we keep them in 
our Interest. 

On the 28"^ the Rev'^ ]\P Noble & Doct^ Nevers arriv'd 
here, after going through a series of Difficulty & Troubles 
during their Journey through the Woods, who Confirm the 
above Ace' & that M' Israel Perley was taken Prisoner to 
Halifax. 

Yesterday about three "Clock, Cap' Howes ( the Bearer of 
this ) arriv'd, by whom I Rec*^ the agreeable News, of the 
Britons having Evacuated the River, but with an Intent to 
Return with all Expedition to Erect two Fortifications ; On 
hearing this I concluded it absolutely necessary to Endeavour 
to secure that Part with what Strength I could raise till your 
Honors' Determination. 

For fear of a second Eddy's Affair, I thought it expedient 
to act upon this Plan tliat the Inhabitants might not suffer, 
sliould your Honors not think proper to pursue any Measures 
that Way. 

As tlie Indians at their own Option went to Head Quarters 
& made a solemn Treaty with the Massachusetts State & the 
hitter being under a strong Obligation to fulfill certain Prom- 
ises, it was highly requisite for the Honor & Dignity of the 
State, to have it fulfilld and Executed ; and as some of the 
Enemy had been upon the said River to persuade the Indians 
to turn against the States, & force the English & Fi-ench 
Inlialnlants to swear allegiance; some of whom had been 
overcome, it must appear highly reasonable that a force 
sliould go to act upon the Defensive, to prevent the Enemy 
from getting fuitlier Possession till tlic Husinoss is done with 
the Indians. 1 mean bv this to secure the different Passes as 



416 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

well as possible with what goes & not to have any thing to 
do with Inhabitants, nor Even to go amongst them, other- 
wise than what may be necessary for our Defence. I con- 
sulted with the Machias Committee, M'' Lyon, & the Gent" 
from S' John's, who much approv'd of it. I accordingly set 
off this Morning with about 40 Men including Indians & two 
of the small Guns belonging to the Minsheat, where I shall 
Endeavour to take such Precautions in acting on the Defen- 
sive till I know your Honors Determination. 

I Rely & trust that your Honors will consider the deplor- 
able State of this Country & should not be so pressing, was 
I not Convinc'd of the great Importance of this Part, & the 
Advantage the Enemy will reap therefrom 

I have Rec'' several Informations, That Col. Gould has 
sent into Canada for one Bailey a French Priest who was 
formerly in Nova Scotia & a great Jacobite. Gould also 
gives Information that a Number of Gentlemen in Boston 
had frequently solicited for a number of Troops to be sent 
there which would certainly be done in a short Time — That 
he had a Letter from Jn° Anderson giving a State of 
Matters, particularly the diff' Speculations about the River 
S* Johns. 

News from Halifax that the Hessians were order'd home — 
That 16000 Men was the Number coming abroad. That a 
Number of Transports which came some time ago to Halifax 
from New York were sent up the Bay of Fundy for Provi- 
sions ; I fear this is intended for some secret Expedition near 
your Honors plann'd by these Villains who lurk within the 
Bowels of your Country & who I fear ( if not speedily done 
something with,) will bring things to an unhappy Crisis: I 
hope that Justice which is so requisite & what I think a 
Commanded Duty in time of War will tal.e Place. 

The Bearer Cap* Howes, can inform you of many Particu- 
lars, which may prove satisfactory. 



OF THE STATE OF MATNE 417 

I shall leave Orders for my little Schooner on her Return 
to proceed hnmediately up S* Johns River : I must earnestly 
Request of your Honors that you will as Expeditiously as 
possible inform me what is your Determination, for at present 
I am at a great Expence, which as it is a thing Contrary to 
what was expected when at Boston, & which may be call'd 
an Usurpation in me, that I shall be liable to pay it myself 
which I am not at present altogether so Capable of ; & indeed 
if admitted to the publick Expense, I shall be as much Con- 
ceru'd if it is not appro v'd of. 

I must Recommend that John Anderson of Newburn may 
be secur'd, as also his Wife, she is an Intriguing Person & 
has been always remarkable for Intelligence, & I am thor- 
oughly Convinc'd he has given as much information as any 
Person. I trust sour Speeches & friendly Gestures will not 
overcome or prevent Justice. 

Time not permitting to wait I must pray your Honors to 
indulge me so far as to Communicate to the Hon''^® the Con- 
tinental Congress my Proceedings with such other Matters as 
you please, respecting me, 

I am with the utmost Respect Your Honors most 

Obed' Most devoted humble Serv* 

J Allan 

P. S. Should any thing be done this Way I Recommend 
the Bearer Cap* Howes, who appears to be a Man of an Uni- 
versal good Character ; a good Pilot & well acquainted with 
the Affairs of that Country. 

He has lost a Vessel there. I must beg /if Consistent witli 
the Service/ he may be Employ 'd. 

Just Intercepted a Letter from John Long to Jolni Ander- 
son which is D'* the Committee who will Inform you therewith. 

Li Council June 6*" 1777 

Read & Comitted to tlie Comittee appointed to consider 
Hon''*^ Jolin Hancocks Esq Letter of tlie 1.3*'' \'\i\" inclosing 

27 



418 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a Resolve of Congress of the same Date and the Petition of 
the Coinittee of Machias and the Papers accompanying the 
same. 

Sent down for Concurrence Jn" Avery Dp^ Sec^ 



Letter from J. Allan. June 4, 1777. 

Boston Town June 4''" 1777 
Gentlemen 

This will be del^^ You by M' John Preble Truckmaster for 
the Indians of S* Johns river By the late Movements here 
he was forced to Leave that Imployment which was Occa- 
tion'd By the part the Inhabitants had taken in the Cause 
now Contend'd for in America, & Notwithstanding the Obli- 
gations Enter'd into, they have thought proper to Return 
back & Seek Shelter under that Government, which is now 
become the most Contemptable of Any upon Earth & Volun- 
tarily Submit to the Mandates of those who is Endeavouring 
to bring Great Britain as well as America into the Most 
abject Slavery — 

There being at present some Property belonging to the 
Massachusetts State and M"" Preble having Some business to 
Settle I expect he will be Permited to Persue those Necessary 
Measures to Secure his Effects & Settle Such Matters as he 
has Contracted — 

The Indians is still Acting the Vertious part to whome the 
United States are Under some Obligations to fulfill Certain 
promises, I have now Come for that End & fully Rely that 
me nor any of my people be Molested my business being 
solely with the Indians. I shall Not bave Any Connection 
watever with the Inhabitants nor TransAct Any business 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 419 

with them that may Expose them to the Resentment of thiere 
New friends who wou'd have had no Mercy on them was it 
not fear but this I Leave to Your Own reflection You are 
possessed of Moral Agency & know best for your Own 
Safety — 

I further Expect there will be no Obstruction on your part 
in procureing some Necessary refreshments for my Men for 
which ample Satisfaction shall be Made — 

I shall take every Precaution to Prevent Any damages to 
Any Person dureing my Stay 

I am yours &c — 

a true Coppy J Allan 

To the Inhabitants of Manciville 



Eeport. 1777. 

State of Massachusetts-Bay 

In Council June S''^ 1777 

The Com'*^ of both Houses upon M'' Hancock's Letter of 
the \2>^^ ult° inclosing a resolve of Congress of the same date ; 
& the Petition of the Com*^* of Mechias & the papers accom- 
panying it report as their opinion — 

That an expedition to the River S* Johns in Nova Scotia, 
is not only necessary in order to secure the Inhabitants of the 
Counties of Cumberland & Sunbury ( who have applied to 
Congress for protection ) in that State, from the cruel oppres- 
sion & violence of our common enemy ; but also, for the 
preservation of all our Settlements lying to the I{)astward of 
Casco-Bay ; & for preventing that Short & easy communica- 
tion between our enemies in Canada witli those in Nova 
Scotia, through said River, which tiiey are now foitifying for 
that purpose. 



420 DOCUMENT AH Y HISTORY 

That in order to carry this expedition into effect, there be 
one Regiment raised, as soon as possible in the Counties of 
Lincobi & Cumberland within this State, to consist of 728 
men Officers included, & to be upon the continental estab- 
lishment, be raised by enlistment for a term not exceeding 
Six Months. 

That there be a sufficient naval force provided, to Convey 
all the necessary stores to said River, or such other place as 
may be ordered ; not only sufficient for said Regiment, but 
also for such volunteers & Indians as may join them in this 
expedition for Securing that part of the Country against the 
depredations of the Independency of the united States of 
America. 

That a general Officer be appointed by the whole Court, 
to command & direct this whole affair, under such orders as 
may from time to time be given him by the Council, to whom 
he frequently make return of the State & circumstances of 
the forces, & all proceedings in this expedition 

That the whole force, by Land & Water, shall rendezvous 
at Mechias as soon as possible & there receive the orders of 
said general Officer, to which, there shall be paid the Strictest 
obedience, by all inferior Officers, & others, who may be 
employed in this affair. 

That four Field-pieces, with two 12 pounders & two Small 
Mortars be Sent with the Stores, to be used for the defence 
of the same, when at Mechias, or for such other purposes as 
the Commander may order. 

That the Court appoint the Warrant & Field- Officers, & 
the Commissary, with such other Officers as they may see fit, 
exclusive of Captains & Subalterns, & non-commission-Officers: 
Blank Commissions for Cap'^ & Subalterns to be delivered to 
the Commander who, with the Field Officers, shall appoint 
them, & deliver their Commissions, when they have raised 
their Companies: And the Captains & Subalterns shall 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 421 

appoint the noncommission Officers for their respective Com- 
panies, to be approved or disapproved of by the Field-Officers. 

That the Com*^®^ of Mechius be repaid in kind, all the Stores 
which they have supplied, agreeable to their Petition. 

That there be delivered to said general Officer, a compleat 
set of blank Commissions & Warrants for a whole Regiment 
Consisting of eight Companies to be raised from the Inhab- 
itants of the State of Nova-Scotia or the Eastern parts of this 
State or the observing a Similar rule of conduct in all the 
appointm*% with that held up in the above paragraph. A. 
Said Regim' to be continued in Service One Year, unless 
sooner discharged. 

That the Commander be vested with power to dismiss the 
first Regiment if he may judge it necessary, when the Second 
is compleated ; or, to employ both in any service for the 
united States which he may judge prudent to put them upon, 
in this or the State of Nova-Scotia. — 

That a Com**^® be appointed to make application to the 
Commander of the Alfred Man of War, &; to the Owners of 
such private Ships of War as are likely to be obtained, & 
which may be needed for this, & to agree as the Court may 
order. And, that they also be Cloathed with Ample power 
to furnish every necessary Article for this expedition. 

That, if the measure is adopted, not a moment is to be 
lost ; for the enemy ought to be disrested before they have 
planted themselves strong ; & their present naval Strength 
being small, may probal^ly be taken. 

The Com*^® are further of opinion, That tho' the expence 
of this expedition will vastly exceed what the Congress had 
in contemplation when they passed said Resolve ; yet as the 
object is much greater than is therein pointed out ; & as the 
Congress had, some Months since, directed our views to still 
greater Objects, which tliis State did not then think proper 
to attempt; they judge it higldy probable, that the whole 
expence will be continental. 



422 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

All which is humbly submitted by the Com*®^ who ask 
leave to Sit again as soon as the Papers are returned into 
their hands 

J. Palmer g ord' 

In Council June 5, 1777 

Read & sent down Jn*> Avery Dp^ Sec" 

In the House of Representatives June 6*** 1777 

Read & accepted — as amended & thereupon — Order'd — 
That it be recommitted to be drawn into a Resolve — 

Sent up for Concurrence J Warren Spk' 

In Council June 6 1777 

Read & Concurred Jn° Avery Dp^ Sec^ 



Report. 

The Committe appointed to consider the papers relative to 
David Thatcher Esq'' of Yarmoth and report what is proper 
to be done, have attended that Service, and are of oppinion 
that s'' Thatcher ought to be esteemed a friend to these 
States and that that matter Subside. 



Report 

The Committee appointed to consider the Acco** of John 
Allen Esq'' and his Letter of the 10*^ March have attended 
that Service and beg leave to Report — a State of Facts as 
f olloweth — 

That on Examining said Acco** they find due to Col° John 
Allen a.s Commanding Officer of the Troops rais'd by this 
State for the Defence of Mechias— the Sum of <£237..7..9>^ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 423 

which sum ought to be paid him out of the Publick Treasury 
of this State — 

That Col° Allen hath drawn out of the Truck House and 
Coramisary's Store at Mechias Provisions and other Articles 
for the Suply of the Indians there to a considerable amount 
which he hath pass'd to the C of the United States — 

That on Inspection of his Acco** as Agent of the Indians 
as he hath adjusted them, there is a BalP® due to him of the 
Sam of £622.7.11^ to be paid by the United States — 

Your Committee beg leave to report as their Opinion — 
that it is necessary that CoP Allen be supply 'd from the 
Publick Treasury of this State with the sum of XI 200 — to 
enable him to discharge the Debts already conti-acted ; and to 
carry on the Business of Agency with the Indians — 

That Col° Allen be supply'd with 4 Whale Boats — and an 
Oyl Cloth Marque — 

That Lieu* Albee with thirty Men now under his Com- 
mand & whose time of service expires in June, next, be con- 
tinued in Service untill the 1** of Dec"^ next — and that 
Provisions be sent for the same — 

That a Surgeon be appointed for the Troops — 

That a Letter be wrote to Congress by the President of 
the Council inclosing all CoP Allen's Letter which he hath 
wrote to this Court — with his Acco** as Agent for the 
Indians — acquainting them with what they have Advanced 
Col° Allen — and desiring that they would take some proper 
Order respecting his further supply. 

That it is unprofitable and cannot tend to the Benifit of 
this State to continue a Truck House at Machias. And that 
the same ought to be continued only by the United States 
under the Direction of Col. Allen as Continental Agent for 
the Indians and that Congress be inform'd thereof — 

That a Bill be bro't in — to prevent Person's trading with 
the Indians at Mechias or any way sui)[)lyiiig tliein with 
strong Drink — under severe Penalties 



424 DOCUMKNTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Francis Shaw. June 6, 1777. 

Machias 6*^ 1777 — 
May it Please your Honors 

Undoubtedly before this you have been Informed by Cap* 
Smith of the Movements of the Enemy at S* John's River, by 
advice of the Different Committees I have Inlisted into the 
Continental Service during the Terme of two Months, a Cap- 
tain a Lieut* & forty two Men, and hope this day to sett off 
to the Assistance John Allan Escf who left this Eight days 
since — Relying on your know„ Candor and Generosity, I 
have obligated myself to the Party for their wages, the Com- 
mittee of this place have done the same with Regard to this 
Provissions. 

1 have not the least doubt of keeping the Indians Freindly 
to the American cause, they must be dearly bought, and the 
Truck-houses well Supplyed. I doubt not you will give us 
every Assistance, as the preservation of so Valuable part of 
this state Intirely Depends thereon, — 

Inclos'd you have Copy of a Letter from Co^ Lowder to 
CoP Buck which I Receiv'd a few hours before I left Home, 
to which I Refer your Honors — 

and am with all Respect, your Honor's 
Most Hum^® Serv* 

Era. Shaw 

To the Hon^^^ Council & Hon^^* House of Representatives 
of the State of Massachusetts Bay 

In Council June 28, 1777 Read & Comitted to the Com- 
ittee to whom was referred the Letter from Benj° Foster 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Jn** Avery Dp^ Sec^ 

In the House of Representatives June 28, 1777 
Read and concurrd 

R T Paine Spkr pr. temp 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 425 

Letter from Samf- Jordan Esq. June 7, 1777. 

Union River June T*** 1777 
Gentlemen 

I think it Incumbent on me to acquaint you of the pro- 
ceedings of some of the Inhabitants of this place. 

Last week we had an account sent us from Penobscot that 
their was an army of Indians with Regulars a Coming Down 
upon the Rivers Kennebeck Penobscot and S*^ Johns which 
made us very uneasy, and a number of the Inhabitants of 
this Place met, and as I am Informed some of which pro- 
posed to send some Person or Persons to meet the army up 
Penobscot River in order to Capitulate and come under their 
protection and give up their arms I think such proceedings 
is contrary to the Liberties of this and the other States and I 
make no Doubt in my own mind from many things I have 
observed in maney Persons that if such an army should come 
they would gladly embrace the opportunity and I think my 
self and some here is in danger of our Lives if such a thing 
should happen one of these set of People said a few Days 
ago that he was told the Regulars had sent to Machias to 
submit and if they came it was the determination of the 
Inhabitants to submit. I write the above that your Honours 
may act as you think Best I should be glad for maney Rea- 
sons not to have my Name made Publick in this matter 
unless you should think it Best. M'' Tho^ Milliken the 
Bearer of this Letter can Inform your Honours as to the 
above. 

I am your Honours most obedient and most Humble serv'' 

Samuel Jordan 

To tlie Hon*"'® the Councel of the Massachusetts State 



426 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Charles Chauncy Esq. June 12, 1777. 

Kittery 12'-'' June 1777 
Sir 

I had the Honour a few days ago to receive a Letter from 
the Hon^^* Board acquainting me, of my Election as a Mem- 
ber of the Council. The receipt of which gave me much 
concern, when I reflected upon the State of my Health, & 
the undeserved favour done me. — 

I am heartily desirous of doing eveiything within the Lim- 
its of my capacity, for the Publick service, in this difficult 
day ; but the Indisposition, I am now labouring under, and 
have for six months past been confuied. with. Obliges me to 
resign the Hon^^^ appointment; which at this Juncture I 
would not have done, notwithstanding my unfitness for the 
station, was there any possibility of my acting therein, and 
giving that attendance which would be incumbent upon 
me. — 

I am with great respect to the Hon''^^ Assembly your most 
obedient & humble Servant, 



Cha Chauncy 



In Council June 18, 1777 
Read & Sent down 



Jn° Avery Dp^ Sec^ 
Hon''^^ the President of the Council of the State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay 



Letter from Col. J. Allan. June 18, 1777. 

Autpaque River S* Johns, June 18, 1777 
May it Please Your Honors 

I Wrote to you of the 18t»' 26*'' & 30"' Ulto'" Giveing 
Your honours an Account of the Various movements of the 
Enemy at S' Johns & thiere Leaveing it. According to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 427 

What I Mentioned in my Last the same day ( 30*^'' ) I pro- 
ceeded with 4 Whale Boats & 4 Birch Cannos Leaving Cap" 
West & Twenty Men Under his Command, which with the 
Indians & my own Men Amountd to forty three I arived 
at Passamaquody By 6 O clock next Morning & that Eve- 
ning reach'd the Chief of Passamaquody's Wigwam were I 
found three Birch Cannoes from S* Johns who had Come 
thro the Lakes for me, on my Landing I was Saluted By all 
the Indians who ranged themselves in a Single file ( about 
thirty and fired several Rounds in thiere fashion. I had a 
Conference the same Evening with much satisfaction — 
After Refreshing the Men I dispatch'd Cap" West with his 
Boats for S' Johns to Prevent Inteligence of Our Move- 
ments, the Next Morning ( Sunday ) I set off with Thirteen 
Canoes, overtook Cap" West Same Evening Arriv'd at 
Musquash Cove about 9 Miles from S* Johns, there I formed 
our Position to Go, on, after geting Some Refreshment I 
sent off ( about 10 O clock at Night ) Cap" John Preble with 
Two Indians in a Birch Canoe to the Hearbour for discovery, 
in aboute an hour after I sat off With Two Boats & 6 Birch 
Canoes Leaving the Other Two Boats. Provisions &c with 
Other Canoes which had familys. to Come Next day, but 
Notwithstanding our dispatch'd it was Clear day light before 
we Arriv'd. finding the Coast Clear & being determind to 
Seize Hazen & White who where the promoters of bringing 
the Man of War there, I immediately sent of- Cap" West 
witli IG Men to Cross above the falls, distant three Miles, & 
an Indian witli a l>irch Canoe, all which was Executed so 
well ; that about G Oclock both these Gentlemen were 
Secured — About 9 O Clock I Arrived at the old Fort 
( Frederick ) when Cap" West Came accross with his Prisoners, 
on Confereing witli tliem. they Uterly denied liaveing any 
tiling to do in the matter, but said it was Promediated design 
of the Government scnce Eddys alfair that Col' Gould told 



428 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

them it was determind to Erect a fort at the Mouth of the 
River, & one About 40 Miles up, that Gould returnd with 
the Utmost dispach with a di'aft of Matters in Order to 
Return with all Expedition after Conversing some time 
with These Men I thought it Expedient from My Own Setu- 
ation & Circumstances of thing on the River, which by this 
time I became More Acquaintd with, to Leave these Gentle- 
men on their Parole with thiere Famehes.till the determina- 
tion of Cort was Known ; or more Strength. I Accordingly 
sent them Home, and that Afternoon Pass'd the Falls with 
all the Boats & Canoes the Whole haveing Arrivd by 4 O 
Clock P M. I Encampd About one Mile above the Falls: 
were I receivd a more Certain Account of the diffrient move- 
ments. And I am sorry to say that the People has not Acted 
with that Spirit as becoms the Subjects of Liberty, Much 
Division has been Among them, those Who were Sperietd in 
the Cause foUow'd too Much the Method of the Continent 
by letting the disaffected go aboute & Insenuate Diffrient 
Tales, & haveing no Encouragment of Succour from the 
Westward and being Surprizd so Suddenly the Whole Gave 
up & are now become the Subjects of Britain, the Greatest 
Part is I Beheve as Zealous as ever & it is there Earnest 
request that a Sufficient Force May be sent from the Conti- 
nent, are also Conscious of What will be the Consequence 
shoud the Bitians Get a Hold here, as it will Command the 
Eastern Country and Open a Communicati" mto Canada, all 
that I can say for the Inhabitants is this, that they Might 
have very Easyly deffended the Mouth of the River by 
Secureing the Falls Against 1000 men, but they Neglected 
this from Various Obstructions in their Consultations, they 
Admitted the Britiners about 100. Men to surprize them 
suddently and Passively Submited &, took the Oath of AUe- 
gience, Many of them were Robd of thier all Many were 
those who had taken the Oath, they Appeard by What I can 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 429 

learn dejected & forlorn & Sorry for what is done, but how- 
to Manage the affair they Appear at a Loss. Stupid & 
fluctuating from this Your Honours may form a Jugment of 
the Setuation of this River — 

theres Some that are Great Zealots for Britain among 
them is one Lewis Mitchel, who is well Acquaintd with the 
diffrient parts of the Country and Often Goes to Halifax, is 
of an Insinuateing Turn Perticularly Among the French and 
Indians, he was one of the two who went last March to Git 
Troops. I was ditermind to Secure him if Posible — 

On the 3'^ Instant I Gave Cap" West his Instructions 
which was to Range the Woods from Hazen Across the 
River above the falls Round to the Old Fort, to Keep him- 
self Secriet not to be any where but in the Woods & 
Endeavour to Annoy & disturb the Enemy in thier Lodg- 
ment ( shoud they Come ) till further Orders — 

I Proceedd my self with Two Boats & 6 Birch Cannoes 
up the River on the 4'*^ about 10 OClock M"" Preble and me 
with three Indians went to Mitchels house & took him. Hes 
now a Prisoner with me, in the Afternoon I Got up to Man- 
gerville & went a Shore Opposite the Town & Wrote a Let- 
ter to the Inhabitants (a Copy of Wich is here for your 
Honors Peruseal ) I woud Observe to Your Honours that 
upon liearing of the Inhabitants submiting to Brittain I was 
determind not to Go in Any of the Houses, nor go to Any 
Settlement nor liave Any Conection or Intercourse with 
them Otherwise then Procureing some Refreshments & every 
Night I Encamp in the Woods distant from Any House — 

On the 5^'' at day light Proceeded on, & wlieu Witliin one 
Mile of tlie Indian Settlements, a Centery Haild & desired 
us to Stop till he Acquainted the Rest of Our Coming — 
after a Signal was Ciivcn We Proceeded. When in Siglit 
the Indians fornid in a Single I^ine between Fourty & fifty in 
there Shirts Painted fired a fieu dcjoy wliich we Answerd, 



430 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

upon m}^ Going ashore one Piere Toma. Ambroise & the 
Other Chiefs Reciev'^ me in form — I walk'd towards the 
Wigwams When Pasing the Line of Indians before men- 
tiond, they began a fireing & Continued some Minutes — 
after them all the Squas ranged along Curtsying as I pass'd, 
Went to Ambroises Wigwam where all the Captains attended 
& the Young Men Came in one by one & seluted me & then 
went of. we Pas'd the Evening in telling News, I Lodg'd 
in the Wigwaum. I am Reather More Perticular in Men- 
tioning these Triffeling Matters, It is only to Give Your 
Honours an Idea of Thiere ways. & the Friendship which 
some of them Retains for America who were the Occation of 
this Method of Comphmenting. 

I shall very Likely, be very Perticular in Communicateing 
our Diffrient Proceedings & Conferences, till Your Honours 
desire me to Desist from Troubling you — The next day I 
Conversed with several Indians privately & found that I had 
a very hard task to Go Through with Little hopes of Suc- 
cess. I found that several were Vastly fond Colo^ Gould 
and Seemd Undetermind what to do. when some of the 
Chiefs were on Board the Bible was Presented for them to 
Swear AUegience which they Comply'd with. Piere Toma 
in Perticular appear'd Enraged at his Treatment when in 
Boston. Said he was not Treated as he Ought to be & what 
was Promised him therefore he was determine! to Go to Hah- 
fax — I used every Argument I was Master of to Dissuad 
him from his Design & to Convince him of the Good Dispo- 
sition & Intention of the States towards the Tribes & that I 
had Come to do them Justice : with the Same Authority as 
Monsieur Besuebair in the French time, this Pleased them 
Much & upon tlie Whole I Gaind such an Assendency over 
the other Indians that they Interpos'd. for the Present 
Appeared somwat Satisfyd till another Conference among 
themselves — On the 7*^ about 11 O Clock I was sent for 



OF TECB STATE OF MAINE 431 

to Piere Tomas Wigwams where I found all the Chiefs & 
Young Men. after I was Seated. Anibroise Rose and in a 
Solome Attitude Address'd the Chiefs Giving An Accou* of 
his Embasy and dil** him a String of Wampum Then 
Addressd the Young iVIen in the Same Manner delivering 
them Another String of Wampum, they all Answerd him 
Agreeing with what he had done, & that they were still 
United in friendship one with Another they then dispersed 
— About an hour after I was Again sent for to Ambroises 
Wigwams were I found the Whole Present. One of the 
Chiefs then Rose & Addressd me in the Same Manner as 
INIonsieur Beauebear was in the French time, as thiere Con- 
tryman in behalf of the Congress & Gene' Washinton after 
taulking Much upon Matters Concerning themselves & Wel- 
coming me. I was present'' With a String of Wampum from 
the Chief, then Another String was Given from the Chiefs 
& Young men. Piere Tomma then Rose & takeing the two 
Strings from rae, Addressing me in behalf of the Whole 
Jointly & then Returnd them to me. we then Parted after 
I had Invited them to My House on Monday to Give them 
an Answer, on Which day they all Attended. When I 
deliverd them three Strings of Wampum — after Introduce- 
ing the Conversation I stated to them As Clearly as Posible 
the Nature of the dispute & what Occationd the War 
between America & Brittain all which Appearently Gave 
Much satisfaction, we Parted Great friends. I have ever 
Since attended the Visiting the diffrient Wegwams & Con- 
versing privately with them — Giveing them a Minute Detail 
of Matters wliich they Gave Great Attention to. On the 8"' 
I Rec'* a Ix^tter from Cap" West Giveing me an Account of 
liis takeing a Schooner from Halifax with Snndrys On board 
Amoung VVliicli was Kome Kiiglisli (Joods which I slioud 
have V)een Extioemly (Jlad of had tliey Been sent up here 
but for Fear of Being P>l(jck'd up he sent to Mechias 2 days 



432 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

after Colo^ Shaw Arriv'd at the Mouth of the River with 45 
Men. 

On the 9^^ I Recievd Intelligence in 9 days from Quebeck 
that Gener^ Burgoyn Arrived there About the 16"' of May, 
with About three Hundred men he Stay'd there but Eight & 
forty hours & Sett off for the Lakes, the Canadians were 
very much distress'd that every 6*^ Man was Drafted, & 
were daily deserting that they were very much discouragd 
and Appeard Certain that they Cou'd not Penetrate farr, As 
they heard of the Great Strength of Ticonderogo that those 
that were Advocates for America suffer'd much, Gov'' Carleton 
is to Continue at Quebec. 

on the 11*'' Mess" Hazen & White haveing been Made 
Prisoners on Seeing the Brittish Ship Coming into the 
River ; which prov'd to be the Vulture Sloop of Warr. mth 
her Came a Sloop with Supplys Cap" West Board"^ the 
Sloop, but such Numbers Coming from the Ship, & no Pros- 
pect of Success he thought best to Quit her. the Brittinors 
being somewat Intemidated Thought proper to Set Sail the 
Next day, but I fear their Return with Superior Force — 

I have sent a Canoe for Other Indians on the Head of the 
River whome I Expect this Week — I have sent Another to 
Merameekee wdth a String of Wampum, to Let them Know 
of my Business and Intention of Being Amoung them, which 
I Intend doing when I Can Get the St Johns Indians a little 
more Secure & Settled, a Number of them I Expect will Go 
with me I have also sent off after an English Officer who is 
Amoung them up the River who Calls himself a Deserter 
but I presume is a spy — 

Since my Arrival I have Imploy'd several of the Indians 
in Sending them about with Express to the Other Tribes By 
wich I Keep up their Spieriets I am Compeld at Present to 
Stay here for I Fear on my Leaving this Place the Indians 
woud be Immediatly down the River the Impression Colo 



OF THE STATE OF RLA.INE 433 

Gould has Made on their Minds seems to Occation an 
Unsteady Conduct so much ( that Notwithstanding ) thier 
Fair Speeches & friendly behaviour at Times I after all think 
they Will Leave us — I Can hardly Write Any thing Cer- 
tain about them And I doubt Not but my Own Letters may 
Conterdict one Another for thiere Beheavour is so Change- 
able, And When Any thing is on the Carpet on Either Side 
they Appear So Assiduas & Sanguine, that I am often Led 
to Suppose they are Come to A final Determination which 
brings on an Unsteadyness in my own Conduct wdth them & 
my Letters often Dictated as the Situation of my mind is, 
After a Conference — 

But upon the Whole I must say there is none acted more 
Vertuous Even Those that are more Refind. they Are naked 
& in Great want of Provisions Notwithstanding they Perse- 
vear, and only in Distress will Purchais from the Adhearents 
of Great Brittain. Many of them sence the Treaty &> Prom- 
ises Made them have Quitted Hunting their familys I find 
in Great Distress, with Many Complaints on the Arrival of 
ColP Shaw I call'd a Meeting of Chiefs Sachems & Young 
Men to Lay in their Complaints and upon the whole was 
that they had not the Treatment they Expected. this 
Expectation was found'd on the French Custom, which was 
when they went to War their Famelys were Supplyd and 
Whatever was Lost in War or drunkeness was made up to 
them, for they say the Evil which arrises to them is in Con- 
sequence of thier being in the Service there is no Convince- 
ing them to the Contrary they say they were also Promised 
hard Money & Many Other things — 

Their Councels have often Met sence my Arrival here : 
And have always been Called to Consalt; thier Maner of 
Beheaviour is V)oth Solemn & Orderly — I liave somewat 
Elated their Spiriet & Ambition P>y Convinceing them of 
thier Cosequence Among Other Matters Agreed upon was 



434 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Prices of Furrs with Some Staple Commodities Your 
Honours may think the furrs are Placed high But this I Pre- 
sum'd a Piece of Policy from this Reason that it was no 
Likely hood Any American wou'd purchais'd furrs with hard 
Money, that Furrs sent to the Continent bears a Great 
Advance Equevilant to the Goods purchais'd that this 
Method woud Naturly Occation a Jealousy & Dispute 
between the Indians and the Adhearents of Brittain, as the 
Latter woud Refuse to pay the Price, & very Likely Supplys 
might not arrive time enough from the Continent all which I 
thought wou'd Tend to the Service of the States, this 
Arrangement is to the 1^* of January — 

I have Only to add in Respect to the Indians, that there 
must be timely Supplys, it will now take 16 or 20 pieces of 
Strouds for this Tribe, besides Other Matters in proportion 
& a Considerable Quantity of Corn & other Provisions, it 
Cannot be Supposed that these Persons will Keep Always so 
Quiet without Assisting them ( I mean for their furrs in pay- 
ment) if they are Forced to Deal with the Brittains the 
Consequence is Obvious & Sure & it must soon take place if 
not Speedly prevented I woud Try at Meramechee for some 
Cut Money is Wanting — 

M"" John Preble, has been very Assiduous and Active he 
was Forced to flee & Secure his Effects in the Woods, Quan- 
titys of which were found & Embezzell'd by Tories & Sol- 
diers, some things has been got. I have Orderd them to be 
Remov'd from Masigerville to this Place, the Indians have 
taken most of them — I have sent M'^ Preble to Mechias 
for what Things I brought to Procure what Else he Can, 
Before the Brittains Get to the River, But after all this 
Preparation if a Force Does not Come ; it will be Imposible 
to Keep their Interest • — I am at Present at a very Great 
Expence haveing been forced to be very Lavish & Likely to 
be far more then I Expected. I must therefore Earnestly 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 435 

request Your Honours to Give me Speedy Information what 
is your Intention that I may Order things Accordingly — 

I have Recieved no Perticular News from Cumberland Nor 
do we Know Any thing of the State of the Famelys Sence 
Deeem"" Any more then In General. The Property of per- 
sons absconding. & those who Refuse the Oath is mostly 
Sized and Sold Several Famelys turnd out of their Homes — 
I am reather afraid to send to Know for fear of Exasperate- 
ing to more Cruelty. & Little Expect to see my family this 
Year if Ever — 

The River is Now Quiet, 60 Men at the mouth of the 
river & my Keeping the Indians at Home & now & then 
Raising a Small Allarm, to put the Indians in a httle Motion 
Staggers the whole Inhabitants & Keeps any Inclination 
from Attempt any thing — Many has been Here Makeing 
the Greatest profession of Friendship — I desire them to 
Keep away. I was determind to have no Connection wat- 
ever with any Others but the Indians & declind Any of thier 
Company this way. as I shoud not Trouble Aney of thier 
Houses. And as Yet I have not been in Any House sence I 
am on the River — 

The bearrer Docf Nevers who is a Person who has Suf- 
ferd the Greatest hardships, the most part of his Interest 
Carried off by M'' Gould & himself Lyable every day to be 
made a Pris(juer, liis Charector in Private Life as well as his 
Zeal for his Country — Being a Great Instrument in Keeping 
the Indians Quiet in Furnishing them with Provisions &c 
Merrits the friendship of every person Concernd. Must 
therefore recommend him to your Honours favour — 

The Schooner which West took & Sent to Mechias belongs 
to the States. Except so Much as the State pleases to allow 
to tlie Captui-es your Honours will please to Authorize Cap" 
Smith or some Other trusty Person to Secure the Property. 

I am with much duty & Respect Your Ilonouis 

Most Ob^ very hbl S^ J Allan 



436 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

P. S. I must pray a parcel of Wampum may be spared 
from the States, As I am much in want. 

June 20*'^ 1777 

This afternoon 3 Birch Canoes Arrived from the head of 
the River with seven very respectable men Chiefs, they sent 
for me, & precented me with a string of Wampum, Declaring 
the utmost friendship, signifying their Acknowledgment & 
Obligation in sending to them in such a friendly Manner, I 
Expect a Conference to-morrow — about an hour After the 
Canoe returned from Marimishe from the Micmacs, sending 
me a Long string of Wampum Declaring the most fervent 
Zeal for America — with there Good wishes & Love towards 
me — that an Express was immediately sent of to Collect the 
whole Chiefs at Marimishe where I shall meet them — By 
this Last Canoe, I heard of a Boat from Cumberland with 
16 Unhappy persons being Down the river on there way to 
me — I woud mention that the paper Money will not pass at 
present. Let me beseech your Honours to Consider the 
Distress Country — 

Letter from Creorge Stillman. June 18^ 1777. 

Boston June 18*^ 1777 
To the Honorable the Council of the State of Massachu- 
setts Bay 

May it Please your Honors Being acquainted by the 
Depy Sec^ in /consequence of your Honors direction/ of my 
Appointment as Major of a Regiment to be Raised in ye 
Counties of Cumberland & Lincoln for an Expedition to y** 
River S* John in Nova Scotia &c with due acknowledgement 
of the Honor done me by y'^ General Court in this Appoint- 
ment, tho I wish a person more competent to y® Business had 
been appointed Yet from A desire of Serving my Country at 
her call, especially in a Struggle which is at once y* cause of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 437 

Liberty & y® rights of Human nature relying on y® Candor 
of the General Court and my Countrymen I do accept of s*^ 
appointment and Shall endeavour to Serve them to the 
extant of the poor abilities of y'^ Honors most 
Obedient Humble Be* 

George Stillman 



Letter from Col. Moses Little June 1777. 

Boston June 1777 
Sir I this Morning rec"^ your fav" acquainting me with 
the Honor done me by the General Assembly of this State in 
appointing me to the Command of the Forces destined for 
Nova Scotia — I feel myself very sensibly affected by this 
Mark of their Esteem & am extremely sorry that the broken 
State of my own Health occasioned by the severe Services of 
the last Campaign & the peculiar Situation of my Family at 
this Time oblige me to decline this honorable Appointment — 
With my best Wishes for the Success of this Expedition 
& my warmes* acknoledgm" to the honorable Court I am 

Sir Yr mo. Hum S* 

Moses Little 
To M' J Avery 

In Council June 19, 1777 Read «Si sent down 

Jn° Avery Dp^ Sec^ 



Letter to John Allan Esq June 20, 1777 

Council Chamber June 20'" 1777 
Sir/ We have received yours of the 18"" & 26'" ult°, & 

attended to their Contents ; 

Agreeable to the last Recommendation of Congress, this 

State have taken into consideration the circumstances of the 



438 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Inhabitants of S* John's River & other Eastern parts, & have 
ordered one Regim' to be raised in this State, & 1 Company 
of Matrosses, to serve 6 Months ; & also that another Regim*^ 
be raised in the Province of Nova Scotia to serve 12 months ; 
& the Field officers for the 1^* Regim*are already appointed — 
We tho't it prudent to give you this early notice of our 
designs, in order to enable you to form your measures with 
the Indians & other Inhabitants of those parts : And you 
may depend upon our pushing this expedition into effect 
with all possible dispatch — Your prudence will direct you 
to keep this matter as secret as circumstances will permit, 
lest the Enemy should endeavor to intercept us. 

In the Name, & by Order of Council 
John Allen Esq' 



Letter from Jon'^ Warner. June 25^ 1777. 

May it please your Honors 

By the Direction of your Honors the Secretary has 
Acquainted me of my appointment as Brigadier General to 
Command the Forces Destined to S' Johns in Nova Scotia 
and requires my immediate answer — 

I could wish a Person of more Experience had been made 
choice of as your Honors Must be Sensible that Military 
knowledge and Experience is highly necessary in an under- 
taking of this importance and the little opportunity I have 
had to Qualify myself for so important an affair, but since it 
has pleas^ your Honors to appoint me to Command in this 
Expedition I will exert my poor Abilities and endeavour to 
Deserve the Honor Confer'^ on your Honors most obedient 

Humble Serv^ 

Jon* Warner 
Boston June 25^^ 1777 

To the Honourable Board 



OF THE STATE OF IMALNE 439 

Letter from Francis Shaw. July 4-> 1777. 

Machias 4*'^ July 1777 — 
May it Please your Honors 

The following is a short Narrative of our proceedings since 
I ^vrote your Honors from this Place — 

After a passage of three days we reach'd Musquash Cove 
ab* three Leagues West of St John River, during the Night 
We heard several Cannon, on which We Concluded Immead- 
iatly to send off a Boat of observation, which Returned in 
the Morning ; and Inform'd that a Ship & Sloop were under 
sail coming out of the Harbour — as soon as they were well 
Clear of the Land, we push'd into the River & joined Cap* 
Wests party — after taking such steps as we thought Neces- 
sary to secure our Boats & provisions &'' &*= I proceeded up 
the River to Aukepague, after settleing my Bussiness with 
M"" Allan & the Indians, I sett off for the Mouth of the river, 
intending immeadiatly for this place, leaving the Command 
( with the advice of M"^ Allan ) with Cap' Dyar, on my arrival 
I found the Ship Vulture had been in the Harbour 2 Days, 
that on Monday the 23*^ June upwards of 40 Men Attempted 
to Land in two Boats, near where we had a party of 21 Men 
Stationed, who gave them so warm a Reception that after 20 
Minuits they were glad to drift off to the Ship, the side of 
one of the Boats that was next to our fire was so shattered, 
they were obliged to heel her Gunnel too, to prevent her 
sinking — it is uncertain how many Men they lost, but it was 
generally supposed by the Spectators they had 16 or 18 
Killed & Wounded, one through a Glass saw 8 hoisted on 
board the Ship — our party did not suffer the least Damage — 

I tarried there several days uutill two Ships more and one 
Sloop had arrived, and Concluding they did not Incline to 
attempt landing again, I left them on the Evening of y" 29*** 
June in high spirets, the Boats & provisions well secured, 
and they posted in such a possition as to Defey the Enemy 



440 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to defeat them, unless assisted by the Inhabitants, who I 
think will generally join our party as soon as they are 
Inform'd of your Honors Determination to defend the River, 
notwithstanding the oath lately Extorted from them — here 
with you have two Letters from John Allan Esq"^ which were 
intended to be delivered by Doc'' Nevers, as his Vessel could 
not pass the ships, he is prevented proceeding for the present 
I am with much Respect & Esteem Your Honor's 
Most Humble Serv*' 

Era : Shaw 

To the Hon^'^ Council & Hon^^ House of Representitives at 
Boston. 



Letter from Col. Alex'' Campbell. July 13, 1777. 

Number Four July IS^^- 1777 
yesterday Received Letters from the Committee & Major 
George Stillman of Machias, wherein I have the Following 
Ace* Viz* that the Captains Dyer & West, had made an Hon- 
orable Retreet from S* Johns, /they Commanding a Recruite- 
ing Partey : to Watch the Enemys motions/ there was at 
that time, in S* John three men of War two Tenders And a 
Sloop belonging to the British King, the number of men on 
bord these Vessels is unCertain, but we are Certain they 
Landed 120 men, at one Peabodys, at Mahogany Bay So 
Called. They March*^ through the woods two miles & a 
half, our Troops having timely Notice, thought Best to call 
in their Cards and Secure a Retreet — they Accordingly 
Detach*^ their main Body, to a place Called great Bay Above 
the Falls to Secure their Boats. Leaving Cap" Dyer With 
twelve men to Observe the Enemys Motions — Captain Dyer 
let the Main Body Come within good muskett Shot, then 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 441 

fired and Retreeted. on his Retreat fell in with the Enemys 
Flanque Gaurd, who fired on them at ten or twelve yards 
Distance killed three and two Slightly Wounded, who got off 
with Captain Dyer, our Party imedeatly Retreated up River, 
at one oClock was Seen 25 miles up, Next Day the Enemy 
follow*^ up River. — this intilegence Comes Straight from S' 
Johns, By one M'' Bromlield, a Gentleman of undoubted 
Credit and Veracity, who Supposes our troops intirely Safe, 
as the Enemy proceeded but only 20 or 30 miles up River, 
he was also Eye Wittness to the scurmish: by the same 
Authority, we find the Enemy well inform*^ of the Eastren 
Campaign, two Ships from New york was Despacth'^ Ime- 
diatly who was into S' Johns. The Maremaid of 36 guns the 
Ambuscaid of 32 D° with another Ship, With Orders to 
Cruise Between Machias Harbour and Mount Desert to inter- 
cept our fleets on their way Eastward — this from Machias 
at the Same Time Desireing me to Communicate the Same 
Westward — and as it is become the Duty and intrest of 
Every Well Efected Person to Exert and Streech Every 
Nearve in Oposition to Ministerial Tirany and Oppission — 
precaution and Prevention being the Best of Action ; I 
would Earnestly Recommend to all Officers of the Continen- 
tal or States Troops, Commanders of forts, or Millitia, Com- 
manders of Privatteers, Committees, and others who may 
have it in their Power, that they use Every Means that the 
Commanders of Troops or Ships Engag** on the Present 
Expedition Eastward: may have Timely Notice of this mat- 
ter So as to Govern them-selves Accordingly — A mistake of 
this Kind, may Prove Extreemly Fattal, to the Eastren 
Countrey and a Damage to the Publick Cause in Generall — 
the Contrary of which is the Sincere Desire of a friend to his 
Countrey 

Alex : Campbell Lieu*^ Coll 

Eastren Rege*^ County Lincoln 



442 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

NB its carefully to be observ** that M'' Bramfield informs 
that the Ships have left S* Johns and now on their Cruise : 
and often Seen on the Coasts between Mount Desert and 
Machias how many more may be Collected is uncertain. 

Superscribed : 

On the Publick Service Express 

To Aney Officer Commanding in State or Continental 

Service, Committees and others friends to America 

g'^ Cap* Davis 



Letter from Meshech Weare. July llf^ 1777. 

In Committee of Safety Exeter July 14'*' 1777 
Sir/ By a Currier Just Come in from N° 4 we have 
receiv'd a Confirmation of the unhappy affair at Ticonderoga 
and that the party under Col° Warner ( mentioned in Gen' 
S* Clair's Letter Suffered very much, no particulars are Come 
to Hand but by reports of the Soldiers who have Stragled in 
to N° 4 many of them wounded — that Several Field officers 
are among the Slain — the Army we hear are gone to Ben- 
nington, tho many of the Soldiers, are on their way home 
some officers from this State, who were on theii' way to Join 
the Army have Stop't at N° 4 and are Collecting all the Con- 
tinental Soldiers, who Come in there, to march them back to 
Join their Regiments — all our Melitia who marched on the 
alarm have returned Home and we have had no opportunity 
to give any new orders on this occasion — 

As the Enemy without Doubt will Endeavour to make all 
the Advantage the_ Can by their late Success, we think of 
the highest Importance, that Some Spirited measures Should 
be Immediatly Taken — and Desire you will Communicate to 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 443 

US as Soon as possible your Sentiments on the Occasion, and 
what method your State may adopt. 
By order of the Committee — 

I am with Due regard your most Obed* Hum^ Serv* 
Meshech Weare Chairman 
I^Qjjbie Presiden_ of Council of the State 
of Massachusetts Bay — 

Letter from Francis Shaw 

Gouldsborough 15*^ July 1777 
May it please your Honor's, 

on my arrival at Machias the 14*'' Instant I wrote your 
Honor's, and gave you the particular situation of our party 
on the River S' John's. 

By M"^ Broomfield of Newbury just arrived, I have the dis- 
agreeable News that the Enemy had Landed 120 Men against 
our party and after a Short Engagement obliged Cap** Dyer 
& West to retreat up the River, leaving two killed & one 
Mortally wounded, since dead, he further Informs our people 
were seen 20 Miles up the River with their boats the same 
day, I doubt not they will be able to Join M' Allan & his 
party, & hope soon to have more favourable Accounts from 
them — I am with much Respect & Esteem 

Your Honor's Most Hum^ Serv* 

Fra : Shaw 
To The Hon^'® the Council & House of Representatives of 
the Massachusetts State 

Letter from Meshech Weare. July 16, 1777. 

State of New Hampshire 

In Committee of Safety July 16*'^ 1777 
Sir, The Accounts we are continually receiving make it 
more than probable that our Noithern Army have suffered 



444 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

very mucli on their retreat — and that these who escaped are 
much scattered — We have sent Officers to N° 4. to stop all 
the Soldiers on their way home, as well those of the other 
States as our own — and we understand a considerable num- 
ber are collected there. — 

We have received no Letters from the Army, and know 
not the Rout they have taken, & are greatly at a loss what 
Measures are necessary to be adopted at this important 
Crisis — We therefore desire a Communication of your Sen- 
timents on this Subject — Our General Court will meet 
Tomorrow, and we are sure will readily coincide with our 
Sister States in using the most spirited means to retrieve the 
Losses and save our Country from threatened destruction — 

By order of the Com**® 

I am Sir Your Obed' Hum^^* Serv*^ 

Meshech Weare Chairman 
j^Qjjbie President of the Council of 

Massachusetts Bay 

P. S. The Inhabitants of our Frontier Towns on Con- 
necticut River are sending their Committees in the most 
pathetic manner, begging to be supplied with fire Arms as 
half of them ( they say ) are destitute, and other parts of the 
State not much better stocked — We must again repeat our 
solicitation in the most urgent manner to our Sister State to 
sell us some of the large Quantity of Gmis they have lately 
imported, or a considerable part of our Militia must remain 
unwilling spectators of the War in which they would gladly 
assist their Country. — We are also in the greatest want of 
Lead, and pray to be supplied with what you can spare of 
that Article — 

M Weare 



INDEX. 



A, J., letter of, 294. 

Abbot, Asa, signed Andover peti- 
tion, 20. 

Darius, ditto, 20. 

David, signed Suncook petition, 
205. 

Ephraim, signed Andover peti- 
tion, 20. 

Francis, asked to furnish pow- 
der. 387. 

George Jr., signed Andover pe- 
tition, 20. 

Isaac Jr., ditto, 20. 

John 5th, ditto, 20, 

Jonatlian, ditto, 20. 

Nehemiah Jr., ditto, 20. 

Samuel, signed Suncook peti- 
tion, 205. 

Stephen, signed Andover peti- 
tion, 20. 
Acts of Incorporation, of Belfast, 
199; Broad Bay, 200; Freetown, 
226; Lebanon, 32, 33; Narra- 
gansett No. One, 135; Ponds- 
town, 122, 124, 126. 
Acts relating to Preaching, 185; 

York Bridge, 119. 
Adams, Abigail, 294. 

Henry, signed Narragansett pe- 
tition, 160. 

Jacob, ins losses at Falmouth, 
301. 

John, 294, 331. 

Joseph, signed Narragansett pe- 
tition, 1.59. 

Samuel, signed Boothbay peti- 
tic)n, 170; one of the Commit- 
tee of Correspondence, 241; 
defamed, 275; as secretary, 385. 

Tliomas, ensign, ."IS.".. 
Address to Continental Congress, 

296, 297. 
Adkinson, Humjiliry, signed Nar- 
ragansett petition, 181. 
Advertisement of the Earl of Stir- 
ling, 85. 



Albany, 238. 

Aldswood, Robert, grant to, 189. 

Alexander, Sir William, first Earl 
of Stirling, 85, 89, 90, 91. 

Alexandria, name of a proposed 
town, 86. 

Allbee, Benjamin, signed Free- 
town petition, 17, 217. 
Jonathan, ditto, 217. 
William, signed Machias memo- 
rial, 115; justified the conduct 
of Stephen Jones, 292. 

Allen, , signed Freetown peti- 
tion, 17. 

Lieut. , 356. 

James, signed Freetown peti- 
tion, 217. 
John, member of the General 

Court, 407. 
Col. John, reported the success 
of the enemy, 414; his plan, 
414; a premium offered for, 
414, 415; deviated from his 
plan, 415; started on an expe- 
dition, 416; intercepted An- 
derson's letter, 417; amount 
due him, 422; drew from 
truckhouse, 422; should be 
supplied from the treasury, 
423; to be continued in the 
service, 423; an Indian agent, 
423; Shaw to go to, 424; went 
to Passamaquoddy Bay, 427; 
at Musquash and Fort Freder- 
ick, 427; arrested Mitchell, 
429; at Mangerville, 429; wrote 
a letter to the people, 429; met 
iDdians, 429, 430, 431, 433, 434, 
436; sent for other Indians, 
432; keeps up the Indians' 
spirits, 432; seized jiroperty, 
435; keeps the Indians at 
home, 435; letter to, 438; met 
Col. Shaw, 439; .sent letter by 
Col. Shaw, 440; troops to join, 
443; letters of, 414, 417, 418, 
426; report on his accounts, 
422, 



446 



DOOUM ENTARY HISTORY 



Alley, John, signed Boothbay peti- 
tion, 171. 
Jonathan Jr., ditto, 171. 
Joshua, ditto, 171. 
Samuel, ditto, 171. 

Amaroscoggin, see Androscoggin. 

Ambroise, an Indian, 406, 430, 431. 

Ammunition, sent to forts, 54; 
needed at Falmouth, 242, 338; 
needed in the Eastern parts, 
244, 356, 357, 360, .301; needed 
at Brunswick, 244, 245; taken 
from fort, 245; Congress 
should supply Indians with 
powder, 245; the colonists 
expect to manufacture their 
own powder, 255; more needed 
at Winslow, 265; sent to An- 
napolis but carried to Arun- 
del, 266, 274; needed at Bel- 
fast and Penobscot, 268, 269; 
captured at Machias; but 
more needed, 282, 314; Gold- 
thwait to deliver arms to the 
committee, 285; powder ar- 
rived at Philadelphia, 294; the 
enemy sent powder and balls 
to the Indians for the latter 
to attack the provincials, 323; 
armament at Quebec, 328; 
powder for the privateers, 
337; Salem purchased a supply 
of Abbot, 337; the amount at 
Kennebec, 340; powder for 
the colony, 346; can not be 
supplied, 357; needed to be 
used with intelligence, 360; 
needed in Cumberland, 395, 
396; expected at Machias, 
399; needed by Col. Mitchell, 
401; armament for St. Johns 
River expedition, 420; needed 
in the Connecticut Valley, 444. 

Anderson, Abraham, signed Wind- 
ham petition, 73. 
James, part owner of the Loyal 

Legion, 310. 
John, of Newburn, taken pris- 
oner and released, 311; he and 
his wife intriguing, 416, 417; 
letter of intercepted, 417. 

Andover, 19, 20, 196. 

Andre, Peter, a Micmac of La 
Heve, joined the provincial 
army, 365. 

Andrews, Amos, signed the certifi- 
cate for Ilsley, 386. 
Ephraim, signed the Machias 

memorial, 115. 
Joseph, alias Saunders, sup- 



Andrews, continued. 

posed to have committed 
murder, 14. 

Androscoggin, Indians, 279. 

River, 161, 162, 163, 214, 215, 
279. 

Annapolis, 262, 263, 266, 302, 303, 
323, 325, 358, 375, 396. 

Answer to Lyon, the Rev. James, 
174; Memorial of Ministers of 
York, 183; petition of Machias, 
284. 

Appleton, Mr. , member of the 

General Court, 388. 

Archer, John, his losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 806. 

Armament,. see under Ammunition. 

Armstrong, Jonathan, a rioter at 
Falmouth, 147, 148. 

Army, Congress to establish an, 
256; see also under soldiers. 
Continental, 356, 357, 378, 411. 
Royal, 356, 360. 

Arnold, Gen. Benedict, Indians 
with him in Quebec expedi- 
tion, 363. 

Arundel, a vessel seized which 
belonged at, 266, 273; mate 
obliged to enter the king's 
service, 266, 273; vessel 
brought to the home port, 
266, 273; Committee of Cor- 
respondence of, 267; repre- 
sentatives in Congress, 247; 
examination of papers of Jones 
and Hicks at, 275, 276. 

Assembly, the, Goldthwait a mem- 
ber of, 271; the home govern- 
ment desired to hinder the 
usefulness of, 271, 272; at 
Watertown, 291; see Congress 
Proviricial. 

Atkinson, Theodore, 47. 

Aubens, Phillip, signed Sebasco- 
degin petition, 76. 

Aukepague, 426, 439. 

Auld, James, signed Boothbay pe- 
tition, 171. 

Austin, Abiel, signed Suncook pe- 
tition, 205. 
Benjamin, desired information 
about presents for Indians, 
359; gorget and heart being 
made for, 360; letter of, 359. 
Zebediah, signed Suncook peti- 
tion, 205. 

Autpaque River, 426, 439. 

Averell, Joseph, 302. 

Avery, John, deputy-secretary, 
358, 362, 366, 367,;385, 887, 388, 



INDEX 



447 



Avery, continued. 

403, 404, 407, 414, 418, 422, 424, 
426, 437. 

Robert, of Norwich, captured, 
282; killed. 282. 
Ayer, Elijah, signed Cumberland 
petition, 396. 

Moses, signed Pondstown peti- 
tion, 119. 

Simon, deposition of, 60; oath, 
61; a proprietor, 61. 

William, signed Suncook peti- 
tion, 20.5. 

Avers, Mr. , of Portsmouth, 

249. 

Obadiah, signed Cumberland pe- 
tition, 390. 

B 

Babbidg, Couktney, signed re- 
ceipt for Deer Island, 285. 

Babcock, George, his land claimed 
by New Hampshire, 109, 110; 
desired another grant, 109, 110; 
land granted to. 111, 112. 

Backet, Thomas, signed Machias 
letter, 292. 

Bacon, Capt. Edward, of Barnsta- 
ble. 344. 

Bagley, Col. Jonathan, member of 
the General Court, 20, 60, .51, 
357; grant to, 33. 
Moses, his losses at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 308. 

ivX'i, i ^^'- — • '"'■ 

David, home in Pownalborough, 
352; signed a bond, 354. 

Jacob, selectman of Haverhill, 
8.57. 

Rev. Jacob, comi)laint against, 
349; unduly attached to Great 
Britain, 349, 353; did not read 
pnblicly the proclamations of 
Congress, 349, 353, 389, 393, 
397; to give bond and appear 
at court, 349, 353, 354; his 
home in Pownalborough, 352; 
prayed for (ieorge III, 389, 
397, 398; result of his reasons, 
389; an enemy to the country, 
389; summoned to court, 389, 
390, .'J98; his reasons for not 
reading the Declaration of In- 
dt-pendence, 390, 391, 397,3!»8; 
his previous life, 892; not an 
enemy to the country, 393; 
will suffer for his princijilcs, 
393, 394; the records concern- 
ing to be sent to the general 



Bailey, continued. 

court, 397; why he prayed for 
the king, 397; his sentiments 
erroneous and false, .397, 398; 
did not observe fast-days, 398; 
did not pray for the success of 
our army, 398; read only the 
proclamations of the royal 
governors, 398; his contempt 
for Congress, 398; gave a bond, 
398; bond of, 352. 

James, selectman of Haverhill, 
357. 

John, his losses at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 310. 

Joseph, ditto, 305. 

Josiah, ditto, 306. 
Baker, Caleb, as a witness, 354. 

John, his losses at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 307. 

Joseph, signed Suncook peti- 
tion, 205; deposition of, 208. 

Josiah, his losses at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 307. 

Solomon, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 217. 
Bakerstown, meeting of the pro- 
prietors of, 60; agent to be 
paid, 60, 61; to be laid out. 61. 
Ballard, Ephraim, of Oxford, took 
possession of fort and land 
belonging to Dr. Gardiner, 242, 

407, 408,^409; inimical to the 
cause, 408, 409; would not de- 
liver the property, 408, 409, 
410; illegal proceedings of, 

408, 410. 

Baptists, exempt from ecclesiasti- 
cal tax, 185. 
Barber, John, will exchange coin 

for paper money, 374. 
Barley, 381. 
Barnard, Mr. — , 243, 248. 

Ilev. , of Andover, 205. 

Edward, signed the Suncook pe- 
tition, 205. 
Thomas, ditto, 205. 
Barnet, John, .signed Belfast peti- 
tion, 198, 232. 
Mos., ditto, 198. 
Barnstable, 344. 
Barnum, Job, justified the conduct 

of Stephen Jones, 295, 
Barry, Jeremiah, liis losses at the 
destruction of Kalmoutli, 307. 
Barter, Benjri., signed Boothbay 
l)etiti<in, 171. 
.loliii, ditto, 171. 
Jos(!ph, ditto, 171. 
Nichs., ditto, 171. 



448 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Barter, continued. 
Saml., ditto, 171. 
Sam!., Terts, ditto, 171. 

Bartlett, Cutting, signed Narra- 
gansett petition, 160. 
Enoch, signed Narragansett me- 
morial, 176. 

Baskinridge, Somerset County, 
England, 86, 87. 

Batchelder, Capt. , member of 

the General Court, 369. 

Bates, Benjamin, 218. 

Bath, letter from, 356. 

Batteries being erected near North 
Yarmouth, 319; see also Forts. 

Battle, Isaac, signed certificate for 
Ilslev, 386. 

Bay of Fundy, 264, 282, 314, 345, 
347, 355. 

Bayley, see Bailey. 

Beach, 271. 

Beal, Ebenezer, justified the con- 
duct of Stephen Jones, 292; in 
needy circumstances, 314; 

Bean, David and others, desired 
more time, 83; more time 
granted to, 84. 

Beans, 881. 

Beath, Jeremiah, signed Boothbay 
petition, 171. 
John, ditto, 171, 234; a select- 
man, 234; one of the Commit- 
tee of Correspondence, 260. 

Beauebear, J ,, ^orv ^oi 

Besuebair, } ^^^«°^- ' ^^^^ ^^l. 

Beef, 381. 

Belcher, Andrew, councilman, 10. 
Gov. Jonathan. 44, 45, 46, 47, 49. 

Belfast, bounds of, 197, 199; no 
school at, 137; the people of 
desired to be incorporated, 
197; right to levy taxes and 
sell lands, 198; incorporated, 
199, 231; town meeting to be 
called in, 199, 200; Waldo's 
heirs sold land in, 231; incor- 
poration proved to be a hin- 
derance, 231, 232; desired 
permission to tax or sell un- 
settled lands, 232; proprietors 
to be notified, 232, 233; the 
people poor, 268; ammunition 
needed at, 268, 269; the peo- 
ple will support the cause of 
liberty, 269; corn to be sent 
to, 283; arms for, 283; powder 
for, 283. 

Benjamin's River, 268, 285. 

Bennington, Vermont, 442. 



Bent, Elijah, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 
John, signed Cumberland peti- 
tion, 396. 

Bernard, Gov. Francis, letters of, 
49, 52, 54; messages of, 2, 30, 

31, 38, 61, 66; speeches of, 59; 
mentioned, 6, 7, 10, 11, 14, 16, 
17, 18, 20, 21, 23, 25, 26, 28, 29, 

32, 39, 47, 48, 66, 59, 62, 64, 65, 
68, 70, 74, 77, 78, 88, 84, 87, 88. 

John, in custody of Col. Thomp 
son, 300; his bondsmen, 300; 
not to remove his vessel, 300; 
nor correspond with the ene- 
my, 300. 

Barre, John, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 
Wesbruk, ditto, 41. 

Berreck, William, signed Fort 
Pownall petition, 57. 

Berry, Ambrose, signed Narragan- 
sett petition, 160. 
John, in need, 802, 314. 
Tomas, signed Narragansett 
petition, 160. 

Berwick, a boundary, 25, 26, 32, 33, 
68; home of Capt. Gerrish, 
274; the representative in 
Congress, 274, 374. 

Beverly, , member of the Gen- 
eral Court, 404. 

Bevveys, John, signed Machias 
memorial, 115 

Bible, the, translated, 35. 

Biddeford, a boundary, 29, 159, 
175, 181; Committee of Inspec- 
tion, 289; Sullivan's letter 
dated at, 355; representative 
in Congress, 374; letter of , 288. 

Bigmore, George, signed Muscon- 
gus petition, 18. 
John, ditto, 18. 

Bills, Continental, see under Cur- 
rency. 

Birch, 271, 

Bishop, James, signed Pondstown 
petition. 118. 

Black, David, part owner of the 
Loyal Legion, 310. 

Blake, Mr. , of Montreal, 239. 

Blancher, Joseph, his loss at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 306. 

Bliss, Col. , member of the 

Provincial Congress, 327. 

Blue Hill Bay, 153. 

Blunt, Ephraim, signed Suncook 
petition, 205. 
Isaac, signed Andover petition, 
20. 



INDEX 



449 



Blunt, continued. 
John, signed Pondstown peti- 
tion, 118. 

Boards, 239. 

Boats, 164. 

Bollan, William, agent for Prov- 
ince of Massachusetts Bay, 89, 
156, 272. 

Booker, Jacob, signed the Booth- 
bay petition, 171. 
John Jr., ditto, 171. 

Booms, 237. 

Booney, Joel, signed Machias pe- 
tition, 41. 

Boothbay, formerly called Towns- 
end, 166; Dunbar induced 
people to settle at, 160; pov- 
erty of the settlers, 167, 168; 
depredations of Indians at, 
167, 168; furnished men for 
the army, 167, 168; harrassed 
by pretended proprietors, 168, 
169; some settlers paid three 
times for their lands, 169, 170; 
incorporated, 169; has a meet- 
ing house, 169; people of car- 
ried firewood to Boston, 169; 
ever loyal to the king, 169, 
170; a boundary. 216, 226; 
town meeting held in, 23o; 
proceedings of the same, 233; 
the same illegal, 234; new 
town meeting to be called, 234, 
235; obscure and insignificant, 
259; passed patriotic resolu- 
tions, 259; people would not 
use tea, and adopted the nou- 
imjxirtation covenant, 269; 
appointed a Committee of 
Correspondence, 259, 260; offi- 
cers of the militia resigned, 
260; people elected officers, 
260; company of minute men 
formed, 260; chose delegates 
to Congress, 260; paid tax 
directly to Congress, 260; will 
indemnify the constable, 260; 
will part with liberty only 
with life, 260; petitions of, 
16t;, 233. 
Meeting House, 169, 238. 

Boston, 11, 13, 14, 21, 27, 37, 40, 54, 
83, 134, 143, 146, 147, 148, 151, 
152, 1.53, 1.58, 169, 170, 186, 21:;, 
220, 225, 233, 235. 236, 2.39, 240, 
241, 242, 256, 262, 263, 264, 26(i, 
273, 276. 277, 279, 280, 281, 288, 
293, 304, 310, 315, 317, 319, 320, 
323, 325, 33!^, 342, 343, 348, 358, 
359, 361, 362, 366, 367, 381, 305, 



Boston, continued. 

396, 402, 404, 406, 407, 408, 409, 
416, 417, 418, 430, 436, 437, 438, 
440. 

Committee of Correspondence, 
2.35, 241, 242. 

Council Chamber, 1, 3, 10, 39, 
59, 62, 66, 88, 91, 106, 131, 147, 
403, 437. 

Gazette, 220. 

Harbor, 235, 320. 

Hospital, Military, 315. 

Men, a name for the Provincial 
soldiers, 406. 

Newspapers, 32. 

Capt. Winthrop, 833. 
Bouden, John, signed Fort Pow- 
nall petition, 57. 

Paul, ditto, 57. 
Boundaries, dispute with New 
Hampshire, 4, 5, 6, 12, 13, 25, 
43, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 61, 52, 
59, 64, 100, 102, 109, 132, 165, 
187, 188, 204, 214, 215, 218, 219, 
221, 228, 229; fixed, 108; the 
true eastern, 142; not settled 
for Narragansett, 180; the line 
between the English and In- 
dians, at tide water, 368, 369. 
Bourn, Melatiah, 342. 
Bow, the proprietors of claimed 
land in Suncook, 199, 204, 206. 
Bowdoin, James, 10, 42, 81, 90, 
134, 143, 151, 344. 348, 409, 410; 
letters of, 361, 362, 365. 

William, 151. 
Bowdoinham, to send a represent- 
ative to the Assembly, 290; 
resolution not to do so, as 
town is too distant, 291; has 
been visited by fire, 291; in 
sympathy with the cause, 291; 
letter of, 290. 

Meeting House, 291. 
Howen, N^athan, presented the pe- 
tition for Windham, 71. 
Boyd, Thomas, signed letter for 

Machias, 292. 
Boynton, Amos, signed Machias 

■ petitions, 41, 115; bill of, 302. 

John .Jr., signed Narragansett 
petition, 181. 
Brackett, .John, signed letter for 
Falmouth, 242. 

Hradburv, Mr. , justice of the 

peace, 147, 148. 

Benjamin, signed Narragansett 
petition, 181. 

Jabcz, his loss at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 306. 



450 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Bradbury, continued. 
Jacob, signed the Narragansett 
petition, 181; his losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 309. 
John, councilor, 1, 24; his losses 
at the destruction of Fal- 
mouth, 307. 
Joseph, signed the Narragansett 

petition, 181. 
Mary, her losses at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 309. 
Merrill, bill for cabins, 302. 
Roland, his losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 309. 
Samuel, ditto, 306. 
Thomas, signed the Narragan- 
sett petition, 181; his losses 
at the destruction of Fal- 
mouth, 307. 
William, signed the Narragan- 
sett petition, 181. 
Bradford, Cornelius, signed Mus- 
congus petition, 18. 
Gamaliel, 1. 
Joshua, 18. 
Braintree, 322. 
Brattle, William, 1, 88, 90, 134, 

143, 147, 174, 193. 
Brazer, John, signed Muscongus 

petition, 18. 
Brazier, Harrison, his losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 309. 
Breda, Treaty of, 207. 
Breed, Nathaniel, signed the Free- 
town petition, 17. 
Brewer, Col. Josiah, letter of, 413, 

414. 
Bridge over York River, built, 19 
passengers to pay toll, 119 
rates, 119, 120; rules, 120, 121 
those who can pass free, 120, 
121. 
Bridges, Josiah, died, 92. 

Moody, agent, desired change of 
land in township, 28, 29, 98; 
people can't sell land, *28; peo- 
ple in arrears of taxes, 28; 
land grants changed, 94; the 
new not equivalent for old 
lands, 95, 98; desired to be 
quieted in peaceable posses- 
sion, 95; desired to hold town- 
ship as originally granted, 98; 
petitions of, 28, 29, 94, 98. 
Bridge's Town, a boundary, 165. 
Brier, Samuel, signed Boothbay 

petition, 170. 
Brigantine, a, 345. 
Briggs, see under Vessels. 



Briggs, continued. 

Cornelius, his losses at tha 
destruction of Falmouth, 308. 
Brimhall, Cornelius, ditto, 308. 
Bristol, England, 139. 
Maine, home of Eggleston, 107; 
Richard Fullford settled in, 
107, 108; a boundary, 200, 202; 
letters from, 292, 360; in dis- 
tress, 226, 297; Congress asked 
to send supplies to, 296, 297; 
why Congress can't comply 
with the request, 297, 298. 
Round Pond, 107. 
Broad Bay, situation of, 14; de- 
sired the removal of the shire 
town, 15; desired to be set off, 
15; incorporated, 200; bounds 
of, 200, 201, 202; town meeting 
to be called in, 202; petition 
of, 14, 15. 
Back Cove, 201. 
Havanna Point, 201. 
Jones Neck, 201. 
Passage Point, 201. 
River, 201. 
Broad, Ephraim, his losses at Fal- 
mouth, 309. 

Bromfield, Mr. , of Newbury, 

441, 442, 443. 
Brooks, Isaiah, signed Narragan- 
sett petition, 181. 
Brown, Capt. Henry Young, pur- 
chased land and laid out a 
town, 4, 222; the same claimed 
by New Hampshire, 4, 24, 63, 
223; sued, 4; to be sustained 
by Massachusetts, 4, 5, 6, 7, 
24, 63, 228; more land granted 
to, 5, 6, 24, 63, 101; conditions 
of the new grant, 5; threat- 
ened the grantees of New 
Hampshire, 13; his precipita- 
tion presumed to be unknown 
by Massachusetts, 13; sum 
advanced to, 25; sum due 
from, 25; not to prosecute, 63; 
at great expense and trouble 
to reap advantages from his 
land, 63, 64; desired boundary 
should be settled, 64; condi- 
tions of further grants, 102; to 
settle his claims upon the gov- 
ernment, 102; further allow- 
ance in money from the gov- 
ernment, 103; has been sued 
by those to whom he sold 
land, 116; desired further re- 
lief, 116, 117; complied with 
the conditions, 222; to keep 



INDEX 



451 



Brown, continued. 

possession of the land, 223; to 
prosecute claimants, 223; paid, 
223, 224; new grant to, 222; 
subject to damages, 224; paid 
damages, 224; not reimbursed 
by the government, 224; Maj. 
Phillips claimed the land, 224; 
can produce evidence to sup- 
port facts, 224; money which 
he received was paid out by 
the order of the General Court, 
225; conditions on which he 
will settle, 230, 231; his losses 
at the destruction of Fal- 
mouth, 308; petitions of, 62, 
64. 116, 222, 224. 

J., letter of, 238. 

John, surveyor, 29, 39; letter of, 
39. 

John, of Belfast, 198, 231, 232. 

Joseph, signed Freetown peti- 
tions, 17, 217; signed Ponds- 
town petition, 119; signed Sun- 
cook petition, 205. 

Joshua, his losses at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 307. 

Silvanus, ditto, 308. 

William, member of the General 
Court, 82; bill of, 302; his 
losses at the destruction of 
Falmouth, 306. 

Wright, signed the Pondstown 
petition, 119. 
Brownstown. 19. 

Brunswick, people of staunch for 
the country, 243, 244; Parry's 
papers signed at, 248; home 
of Samuel Thompson, 249, 269, 
274; prisoners to be sent to, 
287; men enlisted in, 333; rep- 
resentative in Congress. 274; 
molasses sold at high prices 
at, 339; exportation of the 
same stopped, 840; Committee 
of Safety, 340; letters from, 
244, 339. 

Bryant, 1 Mr. , his land a 

Bryent, / boundary, 102, 116; one 
of the committee to examine 
Parry, 299. 

Bartholomew, bill of, 302. 

Eleazer, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 

James, signed Pleasant River 
petition, 94. 

Capt. Jonathan, justice of the 
jieace, 208; his losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 307. 



Bryant, continued. 

Samuel Davis, signed the Ma- 
chias petition, 41. 
Walter, his deposition referred 
to, 12, 48, 49; lines run by 
him, 24, 25, 45, 47, 50, 51; his 
survey doubted, 45, 46, 49, 50, 
52; objections to his line, 46; 
interrogated, 47, 49, 51, 52. 

Buck, Capt. and Col. Jonathan, 
signed the Penobscot letter, 
269; settled eight miles from 
Fort Pownall, 271; letters 
by, 273, 277; corn to be sent 
to, 285; Lowder's letters to, 
412, 424; to be asked for re- 
enforcements, 414. 
Jonathan Jr., signed Fort Pow- 
nall petition, 57. 
Nathaniel, signed Pleasant River 

pelition, 93. 
Thomas, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 
Thomas Jr., ditto, 41. 

Buckminster, Col. , 111. 

Joseph, 70. 

Bullock, William, and others to 
remain possessors of the land, 
136; conditions of the grant, 
136, 137. 

Buncker, Gerard, 86. 

Bunten, Andrew, signed Suncook 
petition, 205. 

Burgoyne, Gen. John, 329, 330, 
360, 432. 

Burk, Michell, signed Cumberland 
petition, 396. 

BnrnemiV^J'.;. ^'^^f ^^^^-^^'^^ 
Burnum,jP«t'^>""--^l- 
John, his losses at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 307. 
Samuel, signed the Machias pe- 
tition, 41. 
Sok>mon, signed Boothbay peti- 
tion, 170. 
Burnham, James, of Arundel, 267. 

Job, his bill, 302. 
Hums, Geo., iiis loss at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 307. 
Burrill, John, speaker, 34. 
Butler, James, his subscription for 
the St. Jolin's expedition, 366. 
John, his losses at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 306. 
William, his subscription to the 
St. John's expeditiou, 366. 
Butter, 311, 381. 
Buxton, England, 135. 



452 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Buxton, continued. 

Maine, Narragansett No. One, 
135; incorporated, 135; bounds 
of, 135; named, 135; origin of 
name, 135n; town meeting in, 
135, 136, 235; to concur with 
Committee of Correspondence, 
285; resolutions relating to 
American liberty, 235, 236. 

B , Daniel, justitied the con- 
duct of Stephen .Jones, 292. 



C 



Calef, Dr. , member of the 

General Court, 79. 

Call, John, signed Boothbay peti- 
tion, 171. 
Obediah Jr., as a witness, 354. 

Cambridge, Mass., 131, 228, 256, 
.333. 

Cammet, Dudley, his losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 309. 

Campbell, Lieut. Col. Alex., gave 
report of British vessels, 441; 
letter of, 440. 
Fetter, signed Cumberland peti- 
tion, 396. 

Canada, 26, 56, 168, 238, 240, 255, 
328, 329, 342, 358, 363, 413, 416, 
419, 428. 
Expeditions to, 22, 27, 59, 77, 99, 

100, 365. 
River, 368. 
Rowley, 5, 6, 28, 29. 

Canadians, 246, 356, 360, 432; also 
called the French. 

Canady, Nicolus, signed Freetown 
petition, 16. 

Cannon, see under Ammunition. 

Cape Ann, Mowat found it expe- 
dient to attack, 342; exempt 
from the draft, 358. 

Cape Elizabeth, Second Parish of 
Falmouth, 71, 79, 99; repre- 
sentative from in Congress, 
274, 355; number of soldiers 
at, 338. 
Fear, .329. 
Forschue, alias Yarmouth, 345, 

347, 351. 
Porpois, 263. 

Capepersue, same as Cape For- 
schue. 

Capron, Thomas, subscribed for 
Canada expedition, 365. 

Cargill, Col. Thomas, 322. 

Carlton, Dudley, letter, 84. 

Maj. Gen. Sir Guy, 239, 241,328, 
829, 482. 



Carrying Place, 413. 

Cartel, for exchanging prisoners, 
331. 

Carter, Caleb, his loss at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 306. 
Joseph, one of the Committee 
of Correspondence, 266. 

Casco Bay, 270, 288, 319, 387, 419. 

Castine River, 90. 

Cate, Edward, signed Pleasant 
River petition, 94. 

Cates, Joseph, selectman of Gor- 
ham, 78. 

Catharine II, to send infantry to 
assist the British, 304. 

Cattle, 310, 311, 345, 347. 

Caughnawaga Indians, 240. 

Cedar, 271. 

Chace, Caleb, represented Gorham 
in Congress, 355. 

Chadbourn, \ Benjamin, petitioned 

Chadburne, j inbehalf of Lebanon, 
25, 26; to issue warrants for 
town meetings, 33, 68; mem- 
ber of the Provincial Congress, 
301, 319. 

Chadwick, Mr. , member of 

the General Court, 174. 

Chaloner, John, justified the con- 
duct of Stephen Jones, 292; 
his bill as a surgeon, 303. 
Dr. William, justified the con- 
duct of Stephen Jones, 292; 
accompanied Stillman, 314. 

Chamberlain, John, signed Sun- 
cook petition, 205. 

Champlain, Samuel de, named 
Mount Desert, 141; the first 
European on the eastern 
shores, 142. 

Champney, Morrlce, member of 
the General Court, 111. 

Chandler, David, signed Andover 
petition, 20; signed Suncook 
petition, 205. 
Isaac, signed Andover petition, 

20. 
John, signed Pondstown peti- 
tion, 118. 
John Jr., ditto, 119. 
Joshua, signed Andover peti- 
tion, 20. 
Nathan, ditto, 20. 
Nathaniel Jr., ditto, 20. 

Chaplain, see under Ministers. 

Chapman, Anthony, signed Dam- 
ariscotta resolutions, 238. 
Nathan, ditto, 238. 

Charlestown, Mass., 379. 



INDBX 



453 



Chase, Amos, signed Narragansett 
petitions, 159, 175. 
Ephraim, second lieutenant East- 
ern River Company. 314. 
James, signed Freetown peti- 
tions, 17, 217; signed Narra- 
gansett petition, 159. 
John, signed Freetown petition, 
217. 

Chaudiere (Shodier) River, settle- 
ments guarded by the English 
on, 368. 

Chauncey, Charles, of the Provin- 
cial Congress, 274, 299, 301, 
319; declined reelection, 352; 
letters of, 352, 426. 

Cheese, 381. 

Chester, proprietors claimed land 
in Suncook, 206. 
Simeon, signed Cumberland pe- 
tion, 396. 

Child, Thomas, signed St. Paul's 
parish petition, 192; his losses 
at the destruction of Fal- 
mouth, 309. 

Churchmen, exempt from ecclesi- 
astical tax, 185. 

Clams, sometimes the only food 
for people at Boothbay, 167. 

Clark, Abraham, justified the con- 
duct of Stephen Jones, 292. 
Alexander, signed Belfast peti- 
tion, 232. 

Clay, Daniel, signed Narragansett 
petition, 181. 
Richard, ditto, 181. 

Clay ford, Jaco., signed Fort Pow- 
nall petition, 57. 

Clements, James, ditto, 58. 
Timothy, ditto, 58. 

demons, Ezekiel, signed Sebasco- 
degin petition, 77. 

Clewly, Isaac, signed Fort Pownall 
petition, 58. 

Clifford, Isaac, signed Freetown 
petition, 217. 
William, ditto. 16, 217. 
William 2iid, ditto, 217. 

Clinton, Maj. (ien. Sir Henry, 328, 
329, 330. 

Club Law in Machias, 118; also 
called Mob Law, which see. 

Coal. Kbenezer, signed Pleasant 
I'liver petition, 93. 
»e(: also Cole. 

Cobb, Cliipman, his loss at Fal- 
mouth, 307. 
James, ditto, 309. 
Samuel M. Jr., signed Hoothljay 
petition, 171. 



Cobb, continued. 
Thomas, his loss at Falmouth, 

306. 
see also McCobb and MttCobb. 
Cobbiseconta, timber at, inspected, 
152. 
Great Pond, 118, 127. 
Cobham, Abigail, her losses at the 
destruction of Falmonth, 309. 
Cochran, John, signed petition of 

Belfast, 198. 
Codman, Richard, submitted list 

of Falmouth losses, 310, 394. 
Cofferin, William, assessor at 
Windham, 210; to oath to the 
valuation illegally, 211. 

Coffin, Col. . member of the 

General Court, 369. 
Nath'l, his losses at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 309. 
Samuel, signed Pleasant River 
petition. 94. 
Coin, see under Currency. 
Colburn, J ere, 368. 
Colby, Abel, signed Freetown pe- 
tition. 17. 
Lot. ditto, 16. 
Noar, ditto, 217. 
Colby, Rogles, ditto, 217. 
Cole, Jabesh, one of Waldo- 
borough Committee of Corre- 
spondence, 267. 
James, justified the conduct of 
Stephen Jones, 292; in needy 
circumstances, 314. 
Joseph, wounded at Machias, 

303. 
see also Coal. 
Collson, Hatr., signed Fort Pow- 
nall petition, 58. 
Ichabod, ditto, 58. 
Josiah, ditto, 58. 
Colwell, Sebaen, ditto, 57. 
Combs. Anthony, signed Sebasco- 
degin petition, 77. 
Anthony .Jr., ditto, 76. 
Joseph, ditto, 76. 
Committees of Correspondence 
and Safety, 235, 239, 241, 246, 
247, 250, 251, 253, 259, 260, 265, 
267, 278, 270, 283, 285, 287, 288, 
293, 294, 314, 316, 318, 820, 326, 
328, 331, 384, 340, 349, 353, 357, 
358, 384, 389, 394, 306, 397, 399, 
407, 409, 410, 412, 416, 418, 421, 
442, 443. 
Conaticut, people ol Frenchman's 
Hay to purchase provisions at, 
ii90. 



454 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Concord, Mass., 250, 261, 274. 
Goal, 276, 277. 

Condeskeeg Stream, 153. 

Condon, Lucy, her losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 307. 
Samuel, signed Muscongus peti- 
tion, 18. 

Confirmations to, Fuller, Capt. 
Joshua, 161; Otis, James, 164; 
Phips, David, 162. 

Congregational Churches, 185. 

Congress, Continental, 239, 240, 

244, 258, 259, 265, 267, 272, 275, 
296, 297, 298, 331, 339, 349, 354, 
358, 360, 375, 389, 391, 417, 423, 
431. 

General, 237. 

Provincial, 236, 237, 238, 244, 

245, 246, 247, 248, 250. 254, 266, 
269, 260, 261, 266, 266, 267, 26-<, 
269, 270, 272, 273, 275, 276, 277, 
278, 279, 280, 283, 284, 285, 286, 
287, 288, 291. 293, 302, 310, 316, 
330, 347, 349, 361, 374, 398, 418, 
419, 421, 437; representatives 
from the District of Maine, 
274, 354. 

Connecticut, 86, 240, 273, 276, 282, 
381. 
River, 227, 229, 444. 

Conway, 42, 43. 

Cook, Elijah, signed the Muscon- 
gus petition, 18. 
Gov. Nicholas, 405. 

Coolbroth, James, bill of, 302. 

Cooper, Thomas, signed the Fort 
Pownall petition, 57. 
William, member of the Provin- 
cial Congress, 318, 327. 

Corbet, Benjamin, signed the Ma- 
chias petition, 41. 

Cord wood, see Fire wood. 

Corliss, William, signed the Ma- 
chias memorial, 115. 

Corn, Indian, 345, 347, 381. 

Oornwallis, Maine, 803. 

Gen. Charles, Earl, 329, 330. 

Corsair, Mary, her loss at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 307. 

Cortew, Samuel Jr., signed the 
Boothbay petition, 171. 

Cotton, John, deputy-secretary, 6, 
7, 9, 23, 32, 74, 82, 84, 97, 98, 
102, 110, 111, 112, 117, 136, 137, 
149, 160, 161, 166, 174, 177, 182, 
186, 193, 202, 212, 216, 218, 220, 
226, 227, 228, 230, 233, 236; let- 
ter of, 11. 

Coulson, Capt. John, master of 
the Unity, 386. 



Coulson, continued. 

Capt. Samuel, his goods seized 
by Thompson, 253. 

Courts, the place for holding not 
easily attended, 14, 15, 16, 17; 
people of Boothbay desired 
the removal of, 15; people of 
Freetown desired the removal 
of 16; people of Muscongus 
and Medumcook desired the 
removal of, 17, 18. 

Cousens, Nathaniel, of Falmouth, 
signed certificate for Ilsley, 
380. 
Samuel, signed the Fort Pow- 
nall petition, 57. 

Coverly, Mary, her losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 307. 

Cox, John, of Falmouth, his sloop 
impressed, 64; attacked, 64; 
desired remuneration, 64, 65; 
to be paid, 65; captured by 
the enemy, 269; his loss at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 305; 
petition of, 63. 
Lemuel, his losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 309. 

Crags, Moses, signed the Fort 
Pownall petition, 57. 

Craigg, James, signed the Ponds- 
town petition, 119. 

Crane, Thomas, member of the 
General Court, 379. 

Crarge, Samuel, signed Fort Pow- 
nall petition, 57. 

Crary, Oliver, signed Penobscot 
letter, 269. 

Craven, Joseph, signed Boothbay 
petition, 171. 

Crawford, Rev. William, chaplain 
and sui-geon at Fort Pownall, 
68. 

Crocker, Capt. , of Falmouth, 

371. 
John, signed petition for Ma- 

chias, 41. 
William, signed certificate for 
Ilsley, 386. 

Crockett, Josiah, signed receipt 
for Deer Island, 286. 

Crosby, Abigail, her loss at the 

destruction of Falmouth, 306, 

Jonah, one of the Committee of 

Correspondence of Winslow, 

265, 409. 

Cross, Mr. , member of the 

Provincial Congress, 318. 
Caleb, signed Freetown petition, 

217. 
Joshua, ditto, 17, 217. 



INDEX 



455 



Cross, continued. 
Xoah, ditto, 217. 
River, 216. 

William, signed Freetown peti- 
tion. 217. 
Crown Point, 356, 404. 
Cumberland County, 10, 11, 22, G4. 
71, 74, 84, 14(j, 148, 177, 208, 
210, 212, 253, 2.57, 300, 315, 321, 
333, 330, .355, .358, 379, 386, 304, 
395, 396, 309, 406. 407, 412, 419, 
420, 435, 436; petitions of, 339, 
396. 
Cumming, Thomas, his losses at 
the destruction of Falmouth, 
309. 
Cunhill, Joseph, signed Boothbay 

petition, 171. 
Cunningham, Archibald, of Bos- 
ton, 315. 
James, signed Suncook petition, 

205. 
John, signed Freetown petition, 

17, 217. 
Mary, her loss at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 307. 
William, signed Freetown peti- 
tion, 17, 217; signed Narragan- 
sett iietition, IGO. 
Currency, continental bills, 58, 
.373,* 374, 436; coin, 58, .365, 
373, 374; cut money, 434; hard 
monev, 4.34; sterling money, 
403. 
Curtis, Charles, signed Fort Pow- 
nall petition, .57. 
James, signed Brunswick letter, 
245; member of the Committee 
of Correspondence, 340. 
Cushing, Caleb, member of the 
General Court, 20, 301. 
Charles, one of the Committee 
of Correspondence, 350; mem- 
ber of the General Court, .390, 
394; sent r<-port concerning 
Rev. Jacob Bailey, 397, 398; 
report concerning masts, 398; 
member of the Council, 426; 
Jiis health, 426; letters of, 
.397, 426. 
Joseph, member of tlie (ieneral 

Court, 357. 
Loring, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 79. 
Fioland. declined an appoint- 
ment, -100. 
Thomas, member of the General 
Court, 0, 7, 23, 29, .32, .33, 65, 
66. 6H, 74, 82, 84, 97, 98, 99, 
100, 101, 102, 110, 111, 112, 117, 



Cushing, continued. 

121, 124, 126, 129, 1.30, 132, 134, 
135, 136, 137, 156, 162, 163, 164, 
165, 174, 177, 179, 182, 184, 186, 
193, 200, 202, 212, 215, 218, 220, 
222, 226, 227, 228, 230, 233, 235, 
360; signed Falmouth petition, 
79. 
William, to issue warrants for 
town meetings, 123, 125, 128. 

Customs, officers of the, made 
seizures, 8, 10; obstructed, 9; 
see also under Trade. 

Cutt, Edward, member of the 
Provincial Congress, 274, .374; 
to examine Parry, 299. 

Cutter, William, to raise a regi- 
ment, 333; where he enlisted 
his men, 333; letter of, 333. 

D 

Dalton, Jeremiah, signed Free- 
town petition, 17. 

Damariscotta, not a township, 
23(); considered the distressed 
condition of the country, 2.37; 
revolutions of, 237, 2.38. 

Danforth, Samuel, member of the 
Council, 1, 88. 

Dane, John, signed Andover peti- 
tion, 20. 
William, ditto, 20. 

Danielson, Timothy, member of 
the General Court, 351, 357, 
414. 

Danks, Capt. Isaac, master of the 
Falmouth packet, 315, 320. 
to carry a cargo to Boston and 
there receive orders, 315; his 
vessel captured and brought 
to Gouldsborough, .320. 

Darling, Eliakim, signed Andover 
petition, 20. 

Dartmouth, Karl of, letter of 304; 
mentioned, 186, 206. 

Davenport, Joseph, signed Ponds- 
town petition, 119. 

Davidson, John, signed Belfast 
petitions, 198, 232. 

Davis, Capt. , 442. 

Col. — — , member of the Gen- 
eral Court, 340. 
Charles, signed Boothbay peti- 
tion, 171. 
?^bene/.er, signed Muscongus 

petition, 18. 
Grafen, ditto, 18. 
Israel, signed Boothbay petition, 
171. 



456 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Davis, continued. 
Israel Jr., ditto, 171. 
Jacob, signed Muscongus peti- 
tion, 18. 
Jno. Dresser, signed Boothbay 

petition, 171. 
Josiah, signed Ilsley petition, 

386. 
Moses, signed Freetown petition, 

217. 
Nathaniel, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 
Samuel, signed Muscongus peti- 
tion, 18. 
Capt. Solomon, of Barnstable, 

344. 
William, signed Muscongus peti- 
tion, 18. 
Zachariah, ditto, 18. 

Daws, Jonathan, signed Boothbay 
petition, 171. 

Dawse, John, ditto, 171. 

Day, Abner, signed Freetown peti- 
tion, 16. 

Day & Scott, consignees, 263, 
265, 315. 

De , Stephen, signed Sebas- 

codegin petition, 76. 

DeBerdt, Dennis, to get a settle- 
ment of a boundary, 24; letter 
of, 58. 

Decker, David, signed Boothbay 
petition, 171. 

Declaration of Independence, 389, 
390, 393, 397. 

Deering, Nathaniel, his loss at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 307. 

Deer Island, people of, in distress, 
279; wants supplied, 285; peo- 
ple of, seize a vessel, 332. 

Delano, Seth, signed Pondstown 
petition, 119. 

Denaquara, Joseph, a Micmac of 
Winsor, spoke three lan- 
guages, 365; joined the army, 
365. 

Depositions of Ayer, Simeon, 60, 
61; Baker, Lovejoy and King, 
208; Holt, Benjamin, 205; 
Holt, Stephen, 195; Richard- 
son, Josiah, 70; Smith, Sam- 
uel, 273; Wardwell, Jeremiah, 
335; Whittier, Ebenezer, 274. 

Derby, Richard, to purchase pow- 
der, 337; a member of the 
General Court, 385. 

Deserters from the British vessels, 
314, 319, 320. 

Dexter, Samuel, 88. 



Devens, Richard, commissary-gen- 
eral, 837. 

Dey, James, signed Boothbay pe- 
tition, 171. 
Moses, ditto, 171. 

Dilbeney, James, signed Machias 
memorial, 115. 

Dillany, James, justified the con- 
duct of Stephen Jones, 292. 

Dillaway, James, his bill for at- 
tending the wounded, 303. 

Dimuck, Joseph, letter of, 402. 

Dinsmore, David, of New Glouces- 
ter, sent on a tour of discov- 
ery, 246. 

Disko, Samuel, signed Pleasant 
River petition, 93. 

Dix, Jonas, member of the Gen- 
eral Court, 20, 103, 414. 

Doane, Col. , of Wellfleet, 344. 

Doddings, Capt. — — , master of 
Senegal, 288. 

Dodge, Zachariah, signed Free- 
town petition, 217. 

Dole, John, his loss at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 307. 

Domett, Jos., signed petition of 
St. Paul's Parish, 192. 

Donnel, Benjamin, signed Narra- 
gansett petition, 181. 
Joseph, ditto, 181. 
Thomas, 290. 

Doring, Edward, 194. 

Dorria, Capt. , 14. 

Dow, Ebenezer, signed Falmouth 
petition, 17. 
Nathan, signed receipt for Deer 
Island, 285. 

Downe, Samuel, desired more 
time, 20, 21. 

Doyne, Francis, signed Suncook 
petition, 205; compensated for 
his loss, 206. 

Drisko, John, signed Pleasant 
River petition, 93. 
Joseph Jr., ditto, 93. 

Dryburg. Robert, his loss at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 306. 

Dubuisont, Joseph, signed Ma- 
chias petition, 41. 

Duck Puddle Brook, 200. 
Puddle Pond, 200. 

Due, Margaret, her losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 306. 

Duke's County, 358. 

Dummer, Gov. William, 37. 

Dun, Arthur, signed Pondstown 
petition, 119. 

Dunbar, Col. David, led settlers to 
Townsend, 166; failed to give 



INDEX 



457 



Dunbar, continued. 

the promised deeds, 166; his 
authority superceded, 167. 

Dunham, Capt. , of the Vine- 
yard, 346. 

Dunn, Samuel, signed the Fal- 
mouth petition, 79. 

Dunning, Andrew, 340. 
Lieutenant, Robert, 333. 

Durham, John, signed Belfast pe- 
tition, 198. 
John Jr., ditto, 198. 
Tolford, ditto, 232. 

Durrell, Benjamin, one of the 
Arundel Committee of Corre- 
spondence, 267; represented 
Arundel in Congress, 374. 

Dutch, 207. 

Duties prevent harmony, 1.57. 

Dwight, Nathaniel, surveyor, his 
plan of Bullock's land ac- 
cepted, 136. 

Dyer, Capt. , 439, 440, 441, 443. 

James, signed Machias petition, 
41; his bill for guarding pris- 
oners, 802. 
Samuel, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 79. 



E 



East River, 345. 

Eastern, Bay, 80. 

Country, a moth, 379, 380, 382; 
not worth protecting, 379, 381; 
equal to the other provinces, 
381, 382; Rev. James Lyon's 
prophecy concerning, 382. 
River, 188, 153. 

River Company, officers of, 313, 
314. 

Eastman, Richard, signed Suncook 
petition, 205. 

Eaton, Jacob, his land a boundary, 
201. 
John, signed Narragansett peti- 
tion, 181. 
Rev. Samuel, settled at Sebasco- 
dcgin Island, l'>; infirm, 76. 

P3ayr, .Joshua, signed Fort Pownall 
petition, 57. 

Eddy, Capt. Jonatlian, sent pris- 
bufrs to Macliias, 394, 395 
raised recruits, 395, 396, .399 
captured a vessel, 395, .'596 
not successful in taking a 
garrison, 395. 396, 427; his 
expedition not altogether ap- 
j)roved, 399; Indians served 
under, 406; has money for In- 



Eddy, continued. 

dians, 406; letters of , 394, 395, 
398. 

Eddy's affair, 427. 

Egamogging Reach, 140. 

Eggleston, Hezekiah, his home at 
Bristol, 107; descended from 
Richard Fullford, 107; his land 
title lost, 108; desired con- 
firmation of land title, 108; 
testimonies to be taken to set- 
tle title, 110, 111; petition of, 
107. 

Elbridge, Giles, grant to, 189. 

Elden, Nathan, signed Narragan- 
sett petition,, 181. 

Elder, William, assessor of Wind- 
ham, 210, 211, 212; took an 
oath on valuation of the town, 
211; Grasham brought an ac- 
tion against, 211; desired the 
General Court to release him, 
211; forfeiture remitted, 212; 
petition of, 210. 

Eliott, \ James, signed Machias 

Elliot, /petition, 41; to levy taxes 
at Machias, 185, 186; justified 
the conduct of Stejihen Jones, 
292. 
John, deserted the British fleet, 
820. 

Ellis, Mr. , member of the 

General Court, 403. 

Elvins, Richard, signed Narragan- 
sett petition, 160. 

Elwell, Benjamin, ditto, 160. 
Jonathan, his losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 309. 
William, signed Muscongus pe- 
tition, 18. 
William Jr., ditto, 18. 

Emerson, Edward, signed Booth- 
bay petition, 171. 

f]mery, 1 Jonathan, signed Ponds- 

Eniry, ) town petition, 118. 
Joseph, his loss at the destruc- 
tion of Falmoutl), 307. 
Nathaniel, signed Pondstown 
petition, 119. 

England, 55, 104, 130, 189, 147, 148, 
187, 195, 207, 255, 263, 272, 288, 
341, 387, 392. 
Church of, members of exempt 
from tax to support the Con- 
gregational churches, 185; pe- 
tition St. rauTs (Church, 191; 
Bailey adlieicd to the liturgy, 
389; all the clergy of, except 
one, refused to read publicly 



80 



458 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



England, continiied. 

the Declaration of Independ- 
ence, 890. 

English, the, trade with Indians 
restricted, 30; purchased land 
settled on, 37; always held 
the country west of Penobscot, 
207; the Indians will join with 
those in New England, 240; 
the French will gain by non- 
importation acts, 240; the 
home government sent vessel 
against, 255; the colonists in 
favor of opposition, 255; ships 
gone up Canada River, 368; 
guard at Soceconick, 368; not 
to settle above tide-water, 368; 
regiment to be raised to in- 
clude Indians, 363; blockaded 
the provincials, 376; gave great 
presents to the Indians. 413; 
to erect forts on St. Johns 
River, 415; must be forced 
back, 415; had a spy among 
the Indians, 432. 

Erving, John, councilor, 1, 147. 

Essex County, 61, 196. 
Gazette, see under Salem. 

Exeter, N. H., 442. 



F 



Fa BY AN, Joshua, to raise a com- 
pany, 333; represented Scar- 
borough in Congress, 365. 

Fairbanks, Benjamin, signed 
Pondstown petition, 119. 

Falmouth, a larger part interested 
in preventing the seizure of 
Ilsley's goods, 8, 9, 10; home 
of John Cox, 64; part of the 
First Parish desired to be set 
back to the Second Parish, 78, 
79, 99; rioters released men 
from the goal, 84; reward of- 
fered, 84; proceedings stayed 
in setting back the Second 
Parish, 99; Arthur Savage, 
comptroller of customs at, 
143, 148; mob law in, 143, 144, 
145, 147, 148; Savage's family 
left, 146, 147; Savage gave the 
names of the rioters, 147; why 
the oath was not adminis- 
tered, 147; proceedings of the 
Council in regard to the riot, 
147; two of the rioters appre- 
hended, 155; other names re- 
ported, 166; taken members 
of the Church of England, 



FalmoHth, continued. 

191, 192; to omit taxing the 
same, 193; home of Samuel 
Freeman, 209; in need of am- 
munition, 242, 335; Capt. 
Mowat at, 243, 250, 252, 253, 
317; sent Matthews and Dins- 
more on a tour of discovery, 
246; an Indian ambassador at, 
270; representatives of in Con- 
gress, 274, 355; home of Enoch 
Freeman, 274; Lane arrived at 
with Indian chiefs, 288; Neat 
and the Senegal at, 288; Neat 
left without a pass, 289; peo- 
ple of uneasy, 289; losses sus- 
tained by the people by the 
destruction of, .305, 306, 307, 
308, 309, 310; list of losses 
altered and submitted to Con- 
gress, 310, 394; the destruc- 
tion of alarmed the adjacent 
country, 317; Mowat to win- 
ter at, 317; British ileet re- 
ported at, 319; report of the 
burning of, 319, 320; fires 
were set by hand, 320; Gen. 
Frye to take command of 
troops at, 321; Ilsley in com- 
mand of sea coast at, 338, 386; 
Frye's plan of defense of, 838; 
number of soldiers at, 388; 
soldiers ill at, 339; Mowat fol- 
lowed the orders of Gage at, 
342; Howe's account of the 
destruction of, 342, 343; will 
soon be in a tolerable state of 
defense, 367; Mitchell's letter 
dated at, 367; Ilsley's letter 
dated at, 369; new orders for 
the military at, 370; limits of 
the post, 877; abatement of 
taxes in, 379; Col. Mitchell in 
command at, 386; high price 
of sugar at, 387; order relating 
to a prize ship at, 388; forts 
underway at, 401; Dumick's 
letter dated at, 402; defense 
weakened, 411; letter of the 
selectmen, 242; mentioned 6, 
14, 29, 208, 212, 245, 250, 263, 
288, 318, 370, 373, 386. 
Falmouth, Committee of Corre- 
spondence, 250, 846, 350, 351. 

Goal, 84. 

Harbor, 317. 

Meeting House, 372. 

Neck, 251, 317, 318. 

St. Paul's Church, 191, 309. 



ESTDEX 



459 



Farley, M., member of the Gen- 
eral Court, 301. 
Farnam, Joseph, signed Boothbay 

petition, 171. 
Farns-svorth, James, his bill for 

going to Annapolis, 303. 
William, signed Boothbay 

petitition, 15; one of the 

Waldoborough Committee of 

Correspondence, 267. 
Fast Days, 398. 
Fellows, Cornelius, signed Narra- 

gansett petition, 160. 
Gustavus, ditto, 160. 
Nathaniel, ditto, 160. 
Samuel, ditto, 160. 
Fernald, Pelatiah, his losses at the 

destruction of Falmouth, 307. 
Fickett, Thomas, signed Falmouth 

petition, 79. 
Fields, Samuel, signed Andover 

petition, 20. 
Fire wood and cord wood carried 

to Boston, 109; to Portsmouth, 

187; to Piscataqua, 331, 335. 
Fisher, Jabez, member of the Gen- 
eral Court, 301, 369. 
Fisheries, the, 58, 86, 265, 271, 375, 

381, 384. 
Fisk, Mr. , member of the 

General Court, 134. 
Daniel, selectman of Sturbridge, 

337. 
Fitch, Timothy, of Nantucket, 

344, 345, 346, 350. 
Fitts, Simeon, signed Narragan- 

sett petition, 160. 
Flax, 272. 
Fletcher, Capt. , interpreter, 

153, 304. 
Tliomas, to return money given 

him to enlist men, 378; letter 

of, 367. 
Flies cause illness, 152. 
Flint, Capt. John, the land granted 

to, was in New Ilampsliire, 

220, 221. 
Thomas, signed resolutions of 

Damariscotta, 238. 
Flood, James, his losses at the 

destruction of Falmouth, 308. 
Floyd, Josejih, signed Bofithbay 

petition, 171. 
Flucker, Thomas, as councilor, 1, 

10, 88; as secretary, 121, 123, 

126, 129, 130, 132, 134, 143, 

147, 162, 163, 1()4, 179, 184, 

186, 193, 200. 
Fogg, Sarah, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 



Forage, 263. 

Formalities not with loggers and 

millmen, 379, 381. 
Forts and garrisons, those reduced 
should be replaced, 1, 2, 39; 
message concerning the re- 
duction of, 2, 3; the pay of 
the officers insufficient at, 38; 
not enough men at, 38; suit- 
able provisions should be 
made for, 39; message of the 
board concerning, 41, 42; 
Goldthwait to augment the 
garrison at Fort Pownall, 62, 
53, 55; at times in the hands 
of the Indians, 53, 62; small 
garrisons encourage the in- 
sults of Indians, 63, 61, 62; 
petitions should be sent for 
larger garrisons, 54; ammuni- 
tion sent to, 64; to be repaired, 
54; settlements encouraged by 
respectable, 62; the Castle to 
be garrisoned by the regular 
forces, 105; the retiring men 
should be paid, 106; Fort 
Pownall to be continued, 105; 
Fort Pownall dismantled, 245, 
268; at St. Johns captured 
and destroyed, 310, 311; the 
enemy may build on Fal- 
mouth Neck, 317; petition to 
fortify the same, 317, 318; 
batteries erected near North 
Yarmouth, 319; Frye's new 
plan for those at Falmouth, 
338; built by Congress, 842; 
built at Point Levi, 368; im- 
proved at Falmouth, 872, 373; 
Ilsley's zeal in planning and 
forwarding, 385; Eddy's un- 
successful attempt to capture, 
395, 396, 427; underway at 
Falmouth, 401; to be erected 
on St. Johns River, 416; to be 
erected by Allen, 428. 
Fort, at Boothbay, 167. 

at Cumberland, 375, 395. 

at Point Levi, 868. 

at Port Royal, 34. 

at St. Jolins, 310. 

Castle William, 1, 2, 3, 89, 41, 
42, 63, 105. 

Frederick, 427, 429. 

Halifax, 126, 242, 407, 408, 409, 
410. 

Pownall, 1, 2, 3, 38, 89, 41, 42, 
04, 66, 61, 65, 105, i.38, 180, 140, 
155, 168, 18t), 256, 268. 270, 271. 

Ticonderoga, 241, 433, 442. 



460 



DOCUMENTARY HISTOBY 



Fossey, Oapt. Thomas, 845, 346, 

347. 
Foster, Benjamin, signed Machias 
petitions, 41, 115, 174; to levy 
taxes at Machias, 185, 186; led 
the people in the capture of 
Jones' tender, 282; a magis- 
trate at Machias, 314; one of 
the Committee of Safety, 359; 
could have helped the county 
had he had permission, 383; 
his letter referred to a com- 
mittee, 424; letter of, 172, 173. 

Ephraim, signed Suncook peti- 
tion, 205. 

Jacob, signed Machias petition, 
41. 

Capt. Jeremiah, thanked by 
Congress, 287; to have charge 
of captured vessels, 287. 

Isaiah, signed Machias memo- 
rial, 115. 

John Wooden, ditto, 115. 

Moses, signed Suncook petition, 
205. 

Robert, signed Cumberland peti- 
tion, 396. 

Wooden, signed Machias memo- 
rial, 115. 
Fowler, Philip, signed Narragan- 
sett petition, 160; his loss at 
the destruction of Falmouth, 
306. 
Fox, Mr. , 284. 

John, his losses at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 310. 
France, 55, 66, 168. 
Francis, a Micmac of St. Johns, 
joined the army, 365. 

Col. Ebenezer, "letter of, 403; 
mentioned, 400, 401. 
Frankfort, an inconvenient place 
for tlie courts to meet, 14, 15, 
16, 17, 18; a boundary of Bel- 
fast, 197, 199. 
Franklin, Benjamin, travelled for 
his health, 156; on business 
for the province, 156, 157; too 
troublesome to keep small 
accounts, 167; letter of, 156. 

Freeman, Mr. , of Eastham, 

member of the General Court, 
210. 

Elizabeth, her losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 309. 

Enoch, justice of the peace, 10, 
11; refused to administer an 
oath, 146, 148; his reason for 
the same, 147, 148; signed the 
Falmouth letter, 242; member 



Freeman, continued. 

of the Provincial Congress, 274, 
301 ; appointed one of the Com- 
mittee of Safety, but declined, 
278; desired to be appointed 
to care for a regiment, 279; his 
losses at the destruction of 
Falmouth, 805; letters of, 14, 
245, 277, 883. 

Enoch Jr., his loss at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 306. 

Nathaniel, member of the Gen- 
eral Court, 299. 

Samuel, merchant, resided at 
Falmouth, 209; desired the 
General Court to provide a 
remedy whereby he could ob- 
tain his dues, 209; as secre- 
tary of the Provincial Con- 
gress, 246; an assurity for 
Mowat, 252; as speaker, 301; 
his loss at the destruction of 
Falmouth, 306; as agent for 
Horton, 306; represented Fal- 
mouth in Congress, 355, 398, 
403; memorial of, 209, 210. 
Freetown, desired the removal of 
the courts, 16; desired the 
division of Pownalborough, 
16; number of families at, 216, 
226; under difficulties because 
not incorporated, 216; meeting 
house at, 216; bounds of, 216, 
226; asked to be incorporated, 
216; area, 216; incorporated, 
226; town meeting to be called 
in, 227; petition of, 216; act 
of incorporation of, 226. 
French, the, can obtain no foot- 
hold in Canada, 55, 56; igno- 
rant and governed by priests, 
239; to be neutral, '240; the 
officers are, but privates are 
not, willing to tight, 240; 
would monopolize the Indian 
trade, 240; are court syco- 
phants and why, 241; Dins- 
more and Matthews sent to the 
Canadians, 246; the English 
will be satisfied if the Canadi- 
ans have no designs, 246; may 
attack the back settlements, 
254; officers in command of 
English regulars and Indians, 
412, 413; they must be forced 
back, 415; a priest for In- 
dians, 410; Mitchell insinuat- 
ing among, 429. 
French, Zethem, signed Fort Pow- 
nall petition, .58. 



INDEX 



461 



Frenchman's Bay, part of Goulds- 
borough, 139; land at is good, 
but has no pines fit for masts, 
139; in need of provisions, 
290; to purchase at Conaticut, 
290, 

Frevoy, John, of Yarmouth, 323. 

Friswell, Capt. Benjamin, master 
of British gun ship, captured 
tlie Three Brothers, 310. 

Frost, James, his losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 306. 
Samuel, signed Pondstown peti- 
tion, 119. 

Frye, Capt. , men taken from 

his regiment, 411. 
Maj. , member of the Gen- 
eral Court, 66. 
Col. and Gen. Joseph, settled 
Fryeburg, 5, 6, 24, 63, 106; to 
open a store, 106; desired a 
liquor license, 107; license 
granted to, 110; his land a 
boundary, 222; to take com- 
mand at Falmouth, 321, 338; 
his new plan, 338; petition of, 
106; mentioned, 47,' 60. 

Freystown, \ settled by Joseph 

Fryeburg, j Frye, 106; number of 
families at, 106; situation of, 
106; Frye to move to, 106; not 
incorporated, 107; liquor li- 
cense in, 107, 110; mentioned, 
19, 24, 206. 

Fryse, J., justice of the peace, 206. 

Fuller, Capt. , member of the 

General Court, 79. 
Capt. Joshua, townships granted 
to, luO, 161; the same claimed 
by New Hampshire, lUO; ex- 
pense of settling, 100, 101; an- 
other grant to, 101; confirma- 
tion of grant, 161. 

Fuller's Town, otherwise Sudbury, 
Canada, 214, 215. 

Fullerton, Ebenezer, signed Booth- 
bay petition, 171. 
James, ditto, 171. 
John, ditto, 171. 
William, ditto, 171. 

FuUford, Francis, heir of Richard, 
settled in Bristol, 108. 
Iticliard, ditto, 107; ancestor of 
II. Kggleston, 107, 108. 

Fulton, Itobert, selectman, signed 
Bowdoinhani letter, 291. 

Furs, 406, 434. 



G 



Gage, Gen. Thomas, 231, 283, 

235, 266, 276, 342. 
Gait, Andrew, signed Suncook 
petition, 205. 
Patrick, ditto, 205. 
Gardiner, ) Daniel, signed Free- 
Gardner, ) town petition, 217. 
Ebenezer, signed Cumberland 

petition, 396. 
Henry, Receiver-General, 260, 
267, 353, 374, 376, 378; chosen 
a representative, 260; resided, 
at Stow, 261; to receive taxes 
from Partridgefield, 201. 
Capt. John, owned the tract 
granted to John Whitman, 

227, 228; the same fell within 
boundary of New Hampshire, 

228, 229; received no consider- 
ation, 228; new grant to. 228, 
229; position and area of the 
same, 228; his home at Cam- 
bridge, 228; petition of, 227, 
229. 

Dr. Sylvester, signed Kennebec 
petition, 151; visited by the 
inspector of woods, 152; his 
son joined the inspector's 
party, 152; leased land to 
Ballard, 242, 407, 408, 409; fled 
from Boston, 408, 409; letter 
of, 242. 

Gardnerstown, home of Jonathan 
Hicks, 276. 

Garland, John, signed Narragan- 
sett petition, 181. 

Garrisons, see under Forts, 

Gaspee, 305. 

George II, 398. 

George III, 32, 07, 91, 114, 119, 
122, 123, 126, 135, 166, 181, 
185, 200, 226, 389, 397. 

Georges Shoales, 310. 

Georgetown, fined for not return- 
ing a rei^resentative, 129; 
begged that the fine be re- 
mitted, 129; the reason why 
there was no representative re- 
turned, 129, 130; fine remitted, 
130; assistance sent to, 130; 
homes of Sowall and Parker, 
236; Edward Perry agreed not 
to ship masts from, 247; Perry 
erroneously lield in custody 
at, 247; Perry's letters dated 
at, 247, 249; Perry to be de- 
tained tliere, 269, 270; Parry 
brought from, 299; Hobby and 



462 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Georgetown, continued. 

Hubbs resided at, 300; raised 
a subscription for the Canada 
expedition, 365, 377; the peo- 
ple patriotic but poor, 877; no 
post to, 377; petition of, 129. 

Georgetown Committee of Cor- 
respondence, 251, 2G0. 
Mast Dock, 237, 247. 

Georgia, 256. 

Gerrisb, Col. Joseph, member of 
the General Court, 5, 215, 219. 
Maj. Samuel, agent of Bakers- 
town, 60; desired pay, 60. 
Capt. William, member of the 
General Court, 274. 

Germaine, Lord George, letters of, 
328, 331; letter to, 342. 

Getchel, Benjamin, signed Ma- 
chias memorial, 115. 
Joseph, ditto, 41, 115. 
Joseph Jr., justified the conduct 
of Stephen Jones, 292. 

Giles, Joseph, signed Boothbay 
petition, 171. 

Gilichet, Joseph, justified the con- 
duct of Stephen Jones, 292. 

Gill, Moses, member of the Gen- 
eral Court, 801. 
Patrick, Thomas, of Biddeford, 
289. 

Gillman, Lieut. Andrew, to remain 
at Penobscot, 341; a deputy to 
the Indians, 364; on a scout, 
411,413; met Indians, 411,413; 
received intelligence of the ap- 
proach of the enemy, 412, 413; 
will keep scouts on the look- 
out, 414. 
John, signed Belfast petition, 
198. 

Gilmore, David, ditto, 198. 
James, ditto, 198, 232. 

Glechlan, William, ditto, 198. 

Glimor, David, ditto, 232. 

Gloucester, 285, 321, 879. 

Glover, Daniel, signed Freetown 
petition, 217. 

Goals, only one in Lincoln County, 
138; there could be one at 
Fort Pownall, 138. 

Godhill, Donald, signed Fort Pow- 
nall petition, 58. 

Gold, 149. 

Goldthwait, Capt. Thomas, com- 
mander at Fort Pownall, to 
augment the garrison, 52, 53, 
54, 55; to call the Indians to- 
gether, 56; signed Fort Pow- 
nall petition, 68; his services 



Goldthwait, continued. 

solicited, 84; gone to Boston, 
153; letter received from, 186; 
to call a town meeting at Bel- 
fast, 199; the Indians exasper- 
ated with, 245; Indians will 
take him captive, 245; as a 
witness, 264; wrote a letter 
for Sherriff, 264; surrendered 
Fort Pownall, 268; signed the 
letter for Penobscot, 269; 
member of the Assembly, 271; 
a friend of the constitution, 
272; to deliver arms to the 
committee, 285. 

Gooch, Benjamin, justified the 
conduct of Stephen Jones, 292. 
Benjamin Jr., ditto, 292. 
James, ditto, 292. 
John, ditto, 292. 

Gooding, James, his losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 308. 
James Jr., ditto, 308. 

Goodman, Capt. Noah, to examine 
Parry, 299. 

Goodwin, Capt. Ichabod, repre- 
sented Berwick in Congress, 
374. 
John, signed certificate for 
Ilsley, 386. 

Gookin, Simon, his losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 306. 

Goose River, 201. 

Gordon. Tristram, signed Narra- 
gansett petition, 160. 

Gore, the, dispute concerning, 180. 

Gorges, Sir Ferdinando, 155, 188. 

Gorget for Indian, 360. 

Gorham, two-thirds of the land is 
owned by non-resident propri- 
etors, 77; the expense of sup- 
porting the minister is un- 
equally divided, 77, 78; land 
of non-residents should share 
the burden. 78; a boundary of 
Narragansett No. One, 135, 
159, 176, 180, 182; claimed 
land in the same, 180; home 
of Solomon Lombard, 274; 
representatives in Congress, 
274, 356; petition of, 77. 

Maj. , of the British army. 

329. 
Nathaniel, grant to, 165. 

Gould, Col. , sent for a French 

priest for the Indians, 416; 
heard of the different specula- 
tions about the St. Johns 
River, 416; reported the pro- 
posed erection of forts, 427, 



INDEX 



463 



Gould, continued. 

428; the Indians fond of, 430; 
made the minds of the Indians 
unsteady, 433; carried off Dr. 
Xevers' interests, 436. 

Mr. , offered a premium for 

J. Allen, 414. 
Robert, desired further time, 21, 
22; time granted, 23. 

Gouldsborough, distance from 
Pleasant Kiver, 93; the nearest 
magistrate is at Machias, 113; 
land poor in some sections, in 
others better, 139; pines in- 
ferior, 139, 140; harbor good, 
139; no man from would ship 
with Capt. Smith, 139, 140; 
timber inspector at, 153; the 
Falmouth packet brought to, 
320; home of Nathan Jones, 
332, 333; Shaw at, 374, 443; 
the Viper captured vessels 
near, 374; Shaw will return 
to, 377; Shaw's letter dated 
at, 443. 
Harbor, 139. 

Gove. Asa, signed Freetown peti- 
tion, 217. 
Ebenezer, ditto, 217. 
Nathan, ditto, 217. 
Solomon, ditto, 217, 

(iowing, James, member of the 
General Court, 24. 

Grafon, Jacob, signed Muscongus 
petition, 18. 

Grafton, John, ditto, 18. 

Gragg, Joseph, signed Belfast pe- 
tition, 198. 
Capt. Samuel, his company at 
St. Georges, 322. 

Grand Manan, 142, 359, 375. 

Grashom, Caleb, of Windham, 
brought action against tlie 
town, 211, 212. 

Grass, 271. 

Graves, Admiral Samuel, 273, 330, 
360. 

Gray, Harrison, 1, 10, 42, 88, 147. 
John, signed Freetown petition, 
17. 

Great Bay, 440. 

Greely, Else, his loss at the de- 
struction of Falmoutli, 308. 

Greenlaw, John, part owner of the 
Loyal Legion, 310. 

Greenleaf, H., member of tlu' Gen- 
eral Court, 301. 
Kbenezer, signed Narragansett 

petition, 100. 
Richard, ditto, 160. 



Greenleaf, continued. 
Samuel, ditto, 160. 
Greenwich hospital money, 272. 
Greenwood, John, his loss at the 

destruction of Falmouth, 307. 
Grele, Joseph, signed Pondstown 

petition, 119. 
Moses, ditto, 119. 
Grifen, Jacob, signed Muscongus 

petition, 18. 
James, signed Andover petition, 

20. 
Griffiths, Henry, justified the con- 
duct of Stephen Jones, 292. 
Grindle, Joshua, signed Fort Pow- 

nall petition, 57. 
Groas, Robin, signed Pleasant 

River petition, 94. 
Groffaim, Josiah, signed Narra- 

gansett petition, 160. 
Gustin, Ebenezer, his loss at the 

destruction of Falmouth, 307. 
G , Solomon, signed Freetown 

petition, 17. 

H 

Hacock, Capt. Ralph, his bill 
for bringing a surgeon, 302; 
reported depredations of the 
British cruiser, 359; his vessel 
seized, 359. 
Hale, Maj. Jonathan, 356. 
Nathaniel, his loss at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 306. 
Halfway Creek Ponds, 197, 199. 
Halifax, 55, 246, 263, 265, 277, 312, 
314, 317, 319, 320, 329, 338, 342, 
348, 350, 355, 415, 416, 429, 430, 
431. 
Duck Yard, 248, 250, 269. 
Hall, Benjamin, signed Suncook 
petition, 205. 
Isaac, signed Sebascodegin pe- 
tition, 76. 
Isaac Jr., ditto, 76. 
John, ditto, 76; signed Pleasant 

River petition, 94. 
Joseph, signed Sebascodegin i)e- 

tition, 77. 
Nathaniel, ditto, 77. 
Stephen, 147. 
Hallowell, incorporated, 128n; 
named for tlie Hallowell fam- 
ily, 128»i. 
Benjamin, signed Kennebec pe- 
tition, 151. 
Family, 128?t. 
Hammond, Archelaus, signed Ma- 
chias petition, 41. 



464 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Hampton, 4.3. 

Hanasdon, Ebenezer, signed Booth- 
bay petition, 171. 
Hancock, John, of the Provincial 
Congress, 66, 160, 275, 417, 419. 
Hanover, House of, 171. 
Hans, John, his losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 306. 
Harding, Jesse, ditto, 308. 

Joseph, ditto, 308. 
Hardwick, 276. 

Harmon, Benjamin, signed Sanford 
petition, 69. 
ISTaptali, ditto, 69. 
Nathaniel, desired more time, 
83; more time granted, 84. 
Harnden, Eichard, signed certifi- 
cate for Ilsley, 386. 
Harper, William, his losses at Fal- 
mouth, 307. 
Harpswell, included Sebascodegin 
Island, 74, 75; to be notified 
that Sebascodegin desired sep- 
aration from, 77; men enlisted 
in, 333; represented in Con- 
gress, 355; guard sent to, 401. 
Harriman, Asa, signed Fort Pow- 

nall petition, 57. 
Harris, Nathaniel, land granted 
to, 109; the same claimed by 
New Hampshire, 109. 
Samwill, signed Boothbay peti- 
tion, 171. 

Harrison, Jemima, her losses at 
the destruction of Falmouth, 
306. 

Harrod, Jonathan, signed Fort 
Pownall petition, 57. 

Harvard College, 81, 96, 101, 132, 
162, 163, 164, 165, 215, 219, 221, 
222, 228. 

Harwood, Thomas, signed Sun- 
cook petition, 205. 

Haseltine, Samuel, signed Narra- 
gansett petition, 181. 
Timothy, ditto, 181. 

Hasey, William, signed Sebasco- 
degin petition, 77. 

Haskell, Francis, signed receipt 
for Deer Island, 285. 

Hasket, Moses, his losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 305. 

Hasty, James, 51. 

Hatch, Ed., signed Freetown peti- 
tion, 17. 
Joseph, his losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 306. 



Hatch, continued. 
Mark, member of the Commit- 
tee of Safety, 332. 
Haverhill, letter of, 356; men- 
tioned, 60, 61, 3.57. 
Hay, 140, 141, 262, 263, 206, 276, 
315, 344, 345, 347. 

Hazen. Mr. , a prisoner, 432. 

and Jarvis of Newberry, 86. 
Heart, making for Indian, 360. 
Heath, William, 111. 
Hemlock, 271. 
Hemp, 381. 

Hemphill, David, signed Belfast 

petition, 198, 232. 

Henaker, Mr. , contractor, 151. 

Herdy, Abel, signed Narragau- 

sett petition, 181. 
Heriss, Daniel, signed Boothbay 

petition, 171. 
Herrick, Capt. Henry, member of 

the General Court, 174, 210. 
IlervendoD, Joseph, signed Booth- 
bay petition, 171. 
Nehemiah, ditto, 171. 
Hessians, 416. 
Hetoscobuit, Sabattis, a Micmac 

of Gaspee, joined the army, 

365. 

Hewes, Elihu, letters of, 271, 277. 
Joseph, member of Congress, 
272. 

Heywood, Zimri, one of the Com- 
mittee of Correspondence, 265. 
409. 

Hicks, Jonathan, in the service of 
the king, 266; as a prisoner, 
266; on Smith's sloop, 266, 
274; sent to Congress, 266, 274; 
his papers examined, 275; un- 
certain which side to take, 
276; at Gardnerstown, 276; in- 
imical to the liberties of the 
country, 276, 277; at Ply- 
mouth, 277; admitted himself 
to be a tory, 277; desired to 
be out of the noise, 277; his 
reason for being on Smith's 
sloop unknown to Smith, 277; 
sent to the Concord goal, 277. 
see also Hix. 

Hides, 331. 

Hlghannas, 344. 

Hill, Daniel, signed Machias mem- 
orial, 115. 
Japeth, justified the conduct of 

Stephen Jones, 292. 
Jeremiah, signed Narragansett 



INDEX 



465 



Hill, continued. 

petition, 176; to call a town 

meeting iu Narragansett, 182. 
Joseph, justified the conduct of 

Stephen Jones, 292. 
(^bediah, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41; justified the conduct 

of Stephen Jones, 292; bill of, 

for milk, 802. 
Theodore, justified the conduct 

of Stephen Jones, 292, 
Hillsborough, Earl of, 158, 
Hilton, Amy, her losses at the 

destruction of Falmouth, .308. 

Capt. James, of Muscongus, 360. 

Hingham, troops to be stationed 

at, 322. 
Hinkley, Aaron, signed letter of 

Brunswick, 245; sold molasses 

at a high price, 339, 
Hinson, John, subscribed for the 

expedition to Canada, 36G, 
Hiron, Samuel, signed Freetown 

petition, 217. 
Hix, William, signed Pleasant 

River petition, 94. 
see also Hicks. 
Hobby, John, as a witness, 237; 

bondsman for John Bernard, 

300. 
Hobert, Israel, member of the Gen- 
eral Court, 340. 
Hodge, Robert & Co., 316. 
Hodgkins, Philip, 390. 
Hog, Capt. , fired cannon at 

Falmouth, 251. 
Hog Island Road, 319. 
Hogs, 311. 
Ilolbrook, Abiezer, signed Sebas- 

codegin petition, 76. 
John, selectman of Sturbridge, 

387- 
Jonathan, signed Sebascodegin 

petition, 76. 
Holby, Remington, to procure 

hunters, 246. 
Holmes, Joseph, signed Machias 

petition, 41. 
Samuel, his house a landmark, 

40, «0, 95; signed Machias 

petition, 41. 
Holt, IJenjamin, signed Suncook 

petition, 205; an early settler 

at Suncook, 205; ejected from 

part of the land, 206; made 

oath, 206; deposition of, 205. 
D;i\ id, signed y\ndover pfititiou, 

20, 
John Jr., ditto, 20. 



Holt, continued. 
Joseph, ditto, 20. 
Joshua, ditto, 20. 
Nathaniel, signed Suncook peti- 
tion, 205, 
Stephen, early settler at Sun- 
cook, 195, 196; impoverished 
by law suits, 196; made oath, 
196; deposition of, 195. 
Holton, John, signed Boothbay 
petition, 171. 
Samuel, member of the General 
Court, 301, 362, 403. 
Holway, Ladwick, justified the 
conduct of Stephen Jones, 292, 
Hooks and lines, needed at Deer 

Island, 285. 
Hoole, William, his losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 306. 

Hooper, Capt. , of Falmouth, 

871. 
Benjamin, of Biddeford, mem- 
ber of tiie Committee of Cor- 
respondence, 289, 
Noah, a convoy, 288. 
Hopkins, John, signed Narragan- 
sett petition, 181, 
Simeon, signed Sebascodegin 
petition, 77. 
Hopkinson, Caleb, signed Narra- 
gansett petition, 181, 
John Jr., ditto, 181, 
Horn, Mary, her losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 308, 
Horton, William, ditto, 308. 
House of Commons of Massachu- 
setts, 293, 384. 
Houses, size of, to be erected in 
new townships, 81, 96, 100, 136. 
Houston, Samuel, signed Belfast 
petitions, 198, 232. 
Samuel Jr., ditto, 198, 
Hovey, John, one of the Commit- 
tee of Correspondence, 267. 
Samuel, signed Narragansett pe- 
tition, 181. 
Howard, James, to issue warrants 
for town meetings, 122, 123, 
125, 126, 127, 128. 
llow, I Iciiabod, signed Ponds- 
Howe, j town petition, 118; a se- 
lectman of Winthroj), 191. 
Elijah, signed Cumberland peti- 
tion, 396. 
William, signed Machias memo- 
rial, 115. 
Maj. Gen. Sir William, 304, 328, 
342. 



466 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Hewell, Arthur, his losses at the 
destruction of Fahiiouth, 308. 

Howes, Capt. , as bearer of 

letters, 415, 41G, 417; a pilot 
and man of good character, 
417. 

Hubbard, Thomas, 1, 10, 88, 143, 
147, 174. 

Hubbs, (Jbe., bondsman of John 
Bernard, 300. 

Huff, George Canfield, signed 
Freetown petition, 217. 

Humphrey, Richard, signed Ponds- 
town petition, 119. 

Huntley, Jabez, justified the con- 
duct of Steplien .Jones, 292. 

Hurley, Pierce, signed Fort Pow- 
nall petition, 58. 

Hustin. William, his loss at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 306. 

Huston, John, released from the 
goal, 84. 

Hutchins, Jonathan, signed Free- 
town petition, 217. 

Hutchinson, Gov. Thomas, letters 
of, 155, 158, 180, 206; message 
of, 132; speeches of, 103, 106, 
130,131; mentioned, 91, 92, 94, 
99, 102, 106, 108, 110, 112, 114, 
116, 117, 126. 1.30, 1.32, 137, 143, 
147, 152, 154, 159, 162, 163, 164, 
166, 175, 177, 179, 182, 184, 188, 
190, 208, 210, 212, 215, 216, 217, 
218, 220, 222, 226, 227, 228, 229, 
230. 



Ilsley, Maj. Daniel, in com- 
mand of sea-coast at Falmouth, 
838, 386; submitted list of Fal- 
mouth losses to Congress, 310, 
394; complained of Col. Mitch- 
ell, 369, 373; became an order- 
ly, 369, 370; certificate in favor 
of, 385; prevented from doing 
his duty, 386; letters of, 338, 
369; petition of, 386. 
Enoch, his store examined, 8; 
his goods seized, 8, 10; mob 
caiTied away his goods, 0, 11; 
a considerable part of the 
town interested in his defense, 
9; his losses at the destruction 
of Falmouth, 308. 
Isaac Jr., his losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 306. 

Indians, the, acts concerning the 
supplies of, 7, 30, 31, 37, 38; 
act concerning the trade with. 



Indians, continued. 

7; retarded the settlements, 
26, 107; the government to 
punish murderers of, 30, 34; 
tenderness of the government 
toward, 30, 35, 36, 38; those of 
the east not objects of domes- 
tic regulations, 30, 37; hunt- 
ing and trading the cause of 
trouble, 30; private trade pro- 
hibited with, 30, 31, 34, 35; 
none murdered by the govern- 
ment, 34; without license, no 
land to be bought of, 35, 36; 
provisions made for the relig- 
ious instruction of, 35, 37, 416; 
drink not to be sold to, 35, 36, 
423; some laws still enforced, 
36, 37; a truck-house erected 
for trade with, 37, 117; the 
English purchased their lands, 
37; prevented svirveys, 45; the 
insolent to be repressed, 52; 
the forts are at times in their 
hands, 53, 62; small garrisons 
encourage insults, 53, 61, 62; 
the leaders to be punished, 
54, 55; not to be deceived by 
stories of war, 55; if they de- 
sire to fight, they will fight 
alone, 56; to pay damages, 56; 
plundered by priests, 56; have 
not made satisfaction for dam- 
ages, 62; at St. Georges, 64; 
rooted out by settlements, 85; 
desired to see Thomas Scam- 
mall, 153; to be employed as 
guides, 163; depredations at 
Boothbay, 167, 168; pretended 
deeds used at Boothbay, 168; 
won the battle at Pigwacket 
but were terrorized, 208; 
urged to join the king's troops 
against the people of Boston, 
240, 241;;:refused to join, 240; 
exasperated because a fort was 
dismantled, 245, 255; Congress 
should secure the interests of, 
245, 438; to be examined in 
regard to their joining the 
the English, 246; may attack 
the back settlements, 264; to 
be supplied with powder, 255; 
the colonists ask what they 
want, 255; those of Stock- 
bridge join the colonists, 256; 
Lane sent to raise a company 
among, 25G ; a chief as an am- 
bassador, 270; hearty in the 
cause, 270; consulting which 



INDEX 



467 



Indians, continued. 

side to take, 279; some one 
should negotiate with, 279, 
362; arrived at Falmouth, 283; 
with Lane, 286; at Water- 
town, 280; the British sent 
ammunition to, 323; to be 
stirred up to cut off the peo- 
ple of Machias, 323; letter to, 
341; chose Lowder for truck- 
master, 341; not contented 
with Preble, 341; no truck- 
master to trade with, 355; 
ready to pay for supplies, 355; 
in the regular army, 356, 360; 
no order found for presents to, 
359; those at the east to be 
engaged by the provincials, 

361, 362; delegates at Boston, 

362, 363; came to meet Wash- 
ington, 363; a regiment to be 
raised with part English sol- 
diers, 363; a delegation which 
represents six villages, 363; to 
consider, 363, 364; St. John's 
promised to return, 363; some 
tribes not represented, 363; 
some joined Canadians and 
some the provincials, 368; 
those who went with Arnold 
not paid, 363; considered 
themselves as one people with 
the colonists, 364; an armed 
vessel to take them home, 
364; four will join the army 
at once, 364; names of the 
same, 365; Fletcher sent to, 
367; Washington's address 
read to, 368; can not spare 
their young men, 368, 378; 
young men fear an attack of 
the Englisli, 368; will keep 
men to watch and report, 368; 
will join the rangers, 368; the 
tide-water tlie boundary of 
English settlers, 368, 369; 
some young men desired to go 
to the court, 369; cannot go 
unless they enlist, 369; if en- 
listed tliey cannot be conveyed 
westward, 375, 377; desire to 
go to Cumberland, 375; of- 
fered to capture Held otlicers, 
375; cost of transportation 
makes goods dear, 405, 406; 
either clieaper goods or trade 
with the enemy, 406; desire 
credit, 406; serving as soldiers 
with JMldy, 406; nmney raised 
to pay, 406; eillier hearty or 



Indians, continued. 

neutral, 400; one deserved a 
commission, 406; desired a 
French priest, 400, 416; Shaw 
promised pay to those who 
served as soldiers, 406, 407; 
gave notice of the approach of 
the enemy, 411, 412; approach- 
ing the rivers with the regu- 
lars, 412, 413; commanded by 
French officers, 412, 413; re- 
ceived great presents from 
the British, 413; we must be 
lavish to keep them, 415; 
made a treaty at their own 
option, 415; with Allen, 410; 
the United States under obli- 
gation to, 418; to be conveyed 
to St. John's river, 420; Allen 
as agent, 423; trade in strong 
drink prohibited, 423; Shaw 
expects to keep them friendly, 
424; peopl^ of Union River 
heard of the approach of, 425; 
under command of Allen, 427; 
sent with Preble, 427: Mitch- 
ell at work among, 429; met 
Allen, 429; held conference 
with Allen, 430, 431, 433, 434, 
430; their friendship for 
America, 430, 430; enraged 
with their treatment in Bos- 
ton, 430; somewhat satisfied, 
430; Allen sent for more to 
meet him, 432; an English spy 
among, 432; Allen keeps up 
their spirits, 4.32; cannot be 
trusted, 433; in want, 433; 
price of furs settled with, 434; 
must have timely supplies, 
434; kept quietly at home, 435. 

Indians, Canadian, 270, 413. 

Eastern, 7, 30, 37, 2.54, 802, 368. 
St. Jolins, 318, 355, 359, 362, 363, 
364, 432. 

Infantry to be sent by Russia to 
assist England, 304. 
.sec also under Soldiers. 

IngersoU, ) John, liis losses at the 

Ingorsel, ) destruction of Fal- 
mouth, 309. 
Jared, of New Haven, 80. 

Ingrahani, .John, signed Boollil):iy 
petition, 171. 
Josoi)h, his loss at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, .306. 

Innoculating in camp, officers ar- 
rested for, 404. 

Intelligence should be used witli 
ammunition, 360. 



468 



DOCUMENT All Y HISTORY 



Ireland, 156, 194, 329, 
Isle of Shoales, 44. 



Jackson, Richard, provincial 
agent, 271, 272; reported that 
the home government desired 
to make the Assembly useless, 
271, 272; faithful, yet turned 
out of his position, 272. 
Jacobites, 416. 
Jamaica, 207, 350. 

Farm, 52. 
Jameson, Alexander, signed Mus- 
congus petition, 18. 
Paul, ditto, 18. 
Jeffery, George, 47. 

Jeffries, Mr. , 241. 

Jenks, Benjamin, his loss at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 306. 
Jeremiah, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 
Jeremi Squom Island, 216, 226. 
Jewett, James, signed Narragan- 
sett petition, 160. 

Johnson, Mr. , of Lynn, 284. 

J., signed St. Paul's parish peti- 
tion, 192. 
James, his losses at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 310. 
John, signed Freetown petition, 

217. 
John Jr., submitted Falmouth 

losses to Congress, 310, 394. 
Noah, signed Suncook petition, 

205; grant to, 219. 
Capt. Robert, 356. 
Johnston, John, his losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 308. 
Jommo, Pierre, an Indian, 414; see 
also Toma. 

Jones, Mr. , of Windsor, 264. 

Ephraim, his losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 309. 
Ichabod, attorney for Machias, 
40; signed Machias petition, 
41; report on the petition of, 
80, 95; vote on the petition of, 
80, 95; land granted to him 
and associates, 80; to levy 
taxes at Machias, 185. 
Capt. Ichabod, arrived at Ma- 
chias with two sloops and a 
tender, 280; sent out a paper 
asking for protection, 280; 
moved his tender nearer, 280; 
people in town meeting passed 
a vote in his favor, 280; 
brought vessels to the wharf 



Jones, continued. 

and gave out provisions, 280; 
part of the people determined 
to capture him and stop his 
business, 281; an attempt to 
capture him in church failed, 
281; sloops captured but ten- 
der tied, and lashed to Capt. 
Toby's vessel, 281, 385; tender 
got off, seized and robbed a 
vessel, 281, 282; people gave 
chase, 282; tender captured, 
282, 283, 284, 287; prisoners 
carried to Pownalborough, 
28-3, 287; tonnage of his sloops, 
284; Longfellow paid for cap- 
turing, 302. 

Josiah, as super-cargo, 264, 266, 
273, 274, 276; his papers ex- 
amined, 275; claimed to be 
only a passenger, 276; in ser- 
vice of Gage, 276; a refugee, 
276; an enemy, 276; committed 
to the goal, 276. 

Nathan, desired further time, 21, 
22; time granted, 23; his home 
at Gouldsborough, 139, 332, 
333; petitioned for the return 
of his vessel, 333, 335; his peti- 
tion considered, 333; the rea- 
son for the capture to be 
inquired into, 834; petition of, 
332. 

Nathaniel Jr., signed Falmouth 
petition, 79. 

Pearson, his loss at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 306. 

Stephen, signed Machias peti- 
tions, 41, 174; signed Machias 
memorial, 115; to levy taxes 
in Machias, 185; concerned 
with Ichabod Jones, 281, 313; 
his conduct justified, 202; his 
home at Machias, 293; faith- 
fully served his country, 293; 
wished success to the Ameri- 
can arms, 293; letter of, 293. 

Col. William, of Bristol, 860. 
Jordan, Rushworth, to issue a 
warrant for town meeting, 
135; one of the Committee of 
Safety, 289. 

Samuel, member of the Provin- 
cial Congress, .320; letter of, 
425. 

Tristram, men taken from his 
regiment, 410, 411; his regi- 
ment had furnished its quota, 
411; letter of, 410. 



INDEX 



469 



Josselyn, Joseph, of Hanover Co., 
216; purchased land rights of 
the heirs of Bates, 218; his 
land claimed by New Hamp- 
shire, 218; desired another 
grant, 218; another grant to, 
218; petition of, 217. 

Jost, John, signed Boothbay peti- 
tion, lb. 

Juett, James, subscribed for the 
Canada expedition, 366. 

K 

Kelley, Aaron, signed Boothbay 
petition, 171. 

Benjamin, ditto, 171. 

Christopher, his loss at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 307. 

Marv, ditto, 306. 

Philip, ditto, 306. 

Thomas, signed Boothbay peti- 
tion, 171. 

William, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 
Kennay, see Kenney. 
Kennebec, 81, 118, 152, 340. 

Proprietors, 1.55. 

Purchase, 149. 

River, 90, 118, 122, 124, 126, 127, 
128, 149, 1.54, 155, 158, 188, 191, 
206, 246, 249, 269, 270, 297, 401, 
412, 418, 425. 

Long Reach, 300. 
Kennebunk River, 68. 
Kennedy, James, signed Boothbay 
petition, 171. 

Thonias, ditto, 171. 

William, ditto, 171, 
Kenney, \ Abijali, signed Booth- 
Kennay, / bay petition, 171. 

Henry, ditto, 171. 

John, ditto, 171. 

Joshua, assaulted a justice of 
the peace, 113, 114. 

Love, bill for guarding and 
boarding prisoners, 802. 

Patrick, signed Freetovi^n peti- 
tion, 17. 

Samuel, signed Machias petition, 
41; signed lioothbay petition, 
171. 

Thomas, signed Boothbay peti- 
tion, 171. 

Thomas second, ditto, 171. 
Kent iV Oxnard, their loss at the 
destruction of Falmoutli, 309. 
Ketley, Samuel, signed Boothbay 
l)etition, 171. 



Kimball, John, signed Narragan- 
sett petition, 181. 
Joshuay, ditto, 181. 

Kincaid, Patrick, signed Boothbay 
petition, 171. 

King, Daniel, subscribed for the 
Canada expedition, 366. 
George, 226. 

King's woods, 133; see under 
Timber. 

Kittery, home of Rev. Benj. 
Stevens, 184; home of Charles 
Chauncy, 274, 426; troops to 
be stationed at, 321; repre- 
sentatives in Congress, 274, 
374. 

Kneeland, Bartholomew, signed 
Pemaquid petition, 190. 

Knight, Lieut. , .327, 328. 

Capt. Jonathan, justilied the 
conduct of Stephen Jones, 292. 
Tliomas, signed Machias mem- 
orial, 115. 

Knights, Daniel, signed Boothbay 
petition, 170. 
Capt. Jonathan, 313. 
V/illiam, assessor at Windham, 
210, 211, 212; contracted for 
masts, 210. 

Knowls, Samuel, signed Pleasant 
River petition, 94. 

Knox, John, signed Suncook peti- 
tion, 205; deposition and oath 
of, 208. 

Ksihor, Paul, signed Boothbay 
petition, 15. 

Kubler, David, ditto, 15. 



La Hive, 865. 

Laighton, Benjamin, signed Free- 
town petition, 17. 
Solomon, ditto, 17. 

Laint, Joseph, signed Narragan- 
sett petition, 181. 

Lake Champlain, 238. 

Lambart, ) , bearer of Parry's 

Lambert, j letter, 248, 249. 

Gideon, selectman, signed Win- 
tlirop petition, 191; signed 
Pondstowii petition, 119. 
Jonathan, his loss at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 307. 
Capt. Luke, master of the Dili- 
gent, 375, 876. 

Lampson, Nathaniel, signed Booth- 
bay petition, 171. 

Lancaster, Daniel, signed Fort 
I'ovvnal petition, 57. 



470 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Laneton, the Rev. Samuel, 184. 

Lane, Jabez, signed Narragansett 
petition, 181. 
John, ditto, 160. 
Cajit. John, sent to raise a com- 
pany of Indians, 256; brought 
Indians to Falmouth, 270, 283; 
gave a favorable report, 272; 
thoroughly in the service of 
his country, 277, 278; with 
four chiefs at Congress, 286; 
his accounts nearly correct, 
286; amount paid to, 286; re- 
muneration, 286; cannot go to 
the Indians, 341; letter of, 270. 

Langdon, Mr. , 289. 

Jonathan, will exchange hard 

money for bills, 374. 
Samuel, his account allowed, 

225. 
Timothy, as a witness, 300; let- 
ter of, 366. 

Laperare, 239. 

Larrabee, Isaac, signed Machias 
petition, 41; signed Machias 
memorial, 115. 
Capt. Nathaniel, to bring pow- 
der to Brunswick, 245; a 
member of the Committee of 
Safety, 340. 

Lawrence, Amos, his grant in New 
Hampshire, 220; settled the 
grant, 221; desired a new 
grant, 221; new grant to, 221, 
222; letter of, 220. 
Joshua, his loss at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 306. 

Laythan, Bengimand, signed Free- 
town petition, 217. 

Leach, James, represented Cape 
Elizabeth in Congress, 355. 

Lead, 285, 444. 

Leather, 332, 336. 

Leavit, Daniel, signed Narragan- 
sett petition, 181. 
Samuel, ditto, 181. 

Lebanon, granted (1783) 25; area 
of, 25; settlement of retarded, 
26; minister settled at, 26; 
number of families at, 26; the 
people of, desired to be in- 
corporated, 33; incorporated, 
33; people to meet in town 
meeting at, 33. 

Lebbee, see under Libbey. 

Lee, Jeremiah, presented the peti- 
tion of Windham, 71. 

Leeman, signed Freetown peti- 
tion, 217. 
John ditto, 17, 217. 



Leeman, continued. 

Nathaniel, ditto, 217. 
Leisham, John, signed Boothbay 

petition, 171. 
Leissner, Charles, signed Broad 

Bay petition, 15. 
Lemont, Benjamin, subscribed for 
the Canada expedition, 366. 

James, ditto, 366. 

Leonard, Col. , member of the 

General Court, 210. 
Lerote, John, signed Boothbay pe- 
tition, 171. 

John Jr., ditto, 171. 
Letters of, 

A. J., 293, 294. 

Allen, Col. John, 414, 417, 418, 
426. 

Arundel Committee of Corre- 
spondence, 267. 

Austin, Benj., 359. 

Bernard, Gov. Francis, 49, .52, 54. 

Biddeford Committee of Inspec- 
tion, 288. 

Bowdoin, James, 361, 362, 365. 

Bowdoinham Committee, 296. 

Brewer, Col. Josiah, 413. 

Brown, John, 39, 238. 

Brunswick Committee, 244, 339. 

Campbell, Col. Alex. 440. 

Carlton Dudley, 84. 

Chauncey, Charles, 352, 426. 

Cotton, John, 11. 

Council, the, 405. 

Gushing, Charles, 397, 426. 

Gushing, Roland, 399. 

Cutter, William, 333. 

Dartmouth, Lord, 304. 

De Berdt, Dennys, 58. 

Dimuck, Joseph, 402. 

Eddy, Jonathan, .395, 396. 

Falmouth selectmen, 242. 

Fletcher, Thomas, 367. 

Foster, Benj., and others, 172. 

Francis, Col. Ebenezer, 403. 

Franklin, Benjamin, 156. 

Freeman, Enoch, 14, 245,278,283. 

Gardiner, Dr. Sylvester, 242. 

Gentleman of Falmouth, a, 387. 

Germain, Lord George, 328. 

Hewes, Elihu, 271, 277. 

Howe, Maj. Gen. William, 342. 

Hutchinson, Gov. Thomas, 155, 
158, 186, 206. 

Ilsley, Maj. Daniel, 838, 369. 

Jones, Stephen, 293. 

Jordan, Samuel, 425. 

.Jordan, Tristram, 410. 

Lane, John, 270. 

Langdon, Timothy, 366. 



INDEX 



471 



Letters of, continued. 

Lithgow, William Jr., 401. 
Little, Col. Moses, 437. 
Littleriekl, Xoah M., 400. 
Lord. William, 8G0. 
Lowdcr, Jonathan, 411. 
Lyon, Rev. James, 174, 326, 370. 
Machias Committee of Safety, 

•283, 310, 350, 358. 
McCobb, James, 377. 
Mason, Jonas, 412. 
Mitchel, Col. Jonathan, 366, 400. 
Mowatt, Capt. H., 243. 
Newbury, Ilaverliill and Bath, 

356. 
Otis, James, 821. 
Parker, Stephen, 322, 324, 346. 
Parry, Edward, 247, 249, 335. 
Partridgefield, 261. 
Pattee, Kzekiel, 409. 
Penobscot, 268. 
Pickering, Timothy Jr., 337. 
Powell, Jeremiah, 319. 
Preble, Col. Jedediali, 253. 
Preble, Capt. John, 405. 
Provincial Congress, 254. 
Rice, Thomas, 373. 
Robinson & Walton, 322. 
Ross, Alexander, 14. 
Scammell, Thomas, 152. 
Sewall, Dummer, 247. 
Shaw, Francis, 374, 424, 439, 

443. 
SherrifT, Maj. William, 262, 264, 

265. 
Simpson, Joseph, 805. 
Stillman, George, 436. 
Stirling, the Earl of, 87. 
Sturbridge, 336. 
Sullivan, Gen. James, 356. 
Thompson, Samuel, 243. 
Tapper. William, 399. 
Tyng, William, 84. 
Waldo, Francis, 8. 
Waldoborough Committee of 

Corresponchince, 367. 
Warner, Jr)lin, 438. 
Warren, Joseph, 293. 
Weare, Meshech, 442, 443. 
Wentworth, Gov. J., 11, 47, 48. 
Winslow Committee of Corre- 

s])ond(ince, 265 407. 
Wood, Abiel, 2.58. 
Lewis, (ieorgc, signed Boothbay 

{Xititioii, 171. 
John, represented North Yar- 

niouth in Congress, 274, 355. 
William, signed Uoothbay peti- 
tion, 171. 
Lexington, battle of, 276, 277. 



Libbee, 1 David, signed Machias 
Libby, j petition, 41. 

Ebenezer, ditto, 41. 

Ezekiel, signed Machias memo- 
rial, 115. 

George, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 

George Jr., ditto, 41. 

Jacob, ditto, 41. 

Josepli, signed Machias memo- 
rial, 115; a justice of the 
peace, 314. 

Reuben, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41; signed Machias me- 
morial, 115. 

Samuel, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 

Sarah, ditto, 41. 

Timothy, ditto, 41, 
License to sell liquor at Fryeburg, 

107, 110. 
Lime, 158. 
Limestone, 158. 

Lincoln, Mr. , one of the com- 
mittee to examine Parry, 299. 

Benjamin, 1, 50, 223, 299, 301, 
327. 

County, 14, 16, 17. 107, 112, 114, 
122, 123, 124, 125, 127, 134, 149, 
199, 200, 216, 226, 227, 233, 236, 
237, 247, 258, 259, 265, 276, 295, 
296, 300, 315, 362, 368, 379, 406, 
420, 436, 441. 

County Goal, 188. 

Joseph, signed Sebascodegin pe- 
tition, 76. 
Lithgow, Capt. and Col. William 
Jr., at Falmouth, to leave the 
service, 371; signed the cer- 
tificate for Ilsley, 386; had 
the care of the masts, 398; liis 
commission not received, 401; 
accepted the honor, 402; letter 
of, 401. 
Little, Col. Moses, desired pay for 
his services, 60; to command 
the forces sent to Nova Scotia, 
437; declined the appointment, 
437; letter of. 4.37. 

Moses, letter of, 437. 

Paul, his losses at tlio destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 306. 

Pond, 201. 

River, 197, 199. 

Samuel, signed Belfast peti- 
tion, 198. 
Littleliekl, Noah Morton, a|)poinl- 
ed lieutenant-colonel, 400; let- 
ter of, 400. 



472 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Littlefield, continued. 
Samuel, signed Fort Pownall 
petition, 57. 
Livermore, Samuel, on the bound- 
ary commission, 50; his land 
claimed by New Hampshire, 
109, 110; desired another grant, 
109, 110; grant to, 111, 112, 
131, 132, 163, 164; conditions 
of the grant, 132; his grant a 
boundary, 162; plan of his 
township, 163. 
Livingston, Philip J., of New 

York, 86. 
Livius, Peter, 47. 
Logs, see Lumber. 
Loggers not given to formalities, 

379. 
Lombard, Solomon, represented 

Gorham in Congress, 274. 
London, 58, 134, 156. 
St. .James' Church, 391. 
St. Martin's Church, 391. 
Whitehall, 304, 328. 

Lonear, Col. , a French officer 

in command of Indians and 
regulars, 412, 413. 
Longfellow, Daniel, signed Ma- 
chias petition, 41. 
David, signed Machias memorial, 
115; as a second-lieutenant, 
313. 
Jonathan, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41; justice of the peace, 
112, 114; assaulted, 118, 115; 
must have assistants to per- 
form his duty, 113, 115; to 
levy taxes in Machias, 185; 
memorial of, 112. 
Nathan, signed Machias petition, 
41; signed Machias memorial, 
115; bills of, 302, 303. 
Stephen, justice of the peace, 
10, 11; his loss at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 305. 
Long Pond, 28, 31, 94. 
Look, Benjamin, signed Pleasant 
River petition, 93. 
Daniel, ditto, 93. 
Capt. Tobias, at Falmouth, 371; 
signed certificate for Ilsley, 
386. 
William, letter of, 360. 
Lothrop, Mr. , member of Ma- 
chias Committee of Safety, 
284. 
Loveitt, Isaac, signed Falmouth 
petition, 79. 
Jonathan, ditto, 79. 



Lovejoy, Caleb, signed Suncook 
petition, 205. 
David, ditto, 205; deposition 

and oath of, 208. 
Joshua, signed Andover peti- 
tion, 20. 

Lovel, Col. , member of the 

Provincial Congress, 327. 
Shubael, of Barnstable, .344. 

Lovewell, John, signed Suncook 
petition, 205. 
Col. John, his heirs were 
grantees of Suncook, 195, 203, 
205, 208, 219; killed at Pig- 
wacket, 203. 
Solomon, inn-holder and select- 
man, bill of, for caring for 
Edward Doring, 194; signed 
North Yarmouth petition, 194. 

Low, Cornelius, of New Bruns- 
wick, 86. 
Nathaniel, signed Narragansett 
petition, 160; agent for the 
Provincial Congress, 285. 
Samuel, signed Fort Pownall pe- 
tition, 57. 

Lowder, Col. Jonathan, preferred 
by the Indians as truckmaster, 
841, 355; accompanied Fletcher 
on an embassy, 367, 368; letter 
of, 411; his letter forwarded, 
424. 
Jonathan Jr., signed Fort Pow- 
nall petition, 57. 

Lowell, Capt. Abner, in the army 
at Falmouth, 370, 371; signed 
the certificate for Ilsley, 386. 
John, deputy-secretary, 351, 357. 
Joseph, signed Fort Pownall pe- 
tition, 57. 
Samuel, his losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 309. 

Lowther, Mrs. , ditto, 309. 

Ludwig, J., signed Broad Bay pe- 
tition, 15. 
Jacob, ditto, 15. 

Lumber, 191, 280, 285, 312, 317, 
324, 344, 350, 360, 376, 408, 410. 

Lunt, Moses, his loss at the de- 
struction of Falmoutli, 307. 

Lyde, G., signed St. Paul's parish 
petition, 192. 

Lyman, Rev. Isaac, 183, 184, 225. 

Lyon, the Rev. James, invited to 
settle at Machias, 172, 173; 
will settle at same, 174, 175; 
one of the Committee of Cor- 
respondence, 288, 284, 314; 
what he found in Sprey's lug- 
gage, 326; his letter reached 



INDEX 



473 



Lyon, continued. 

the House of Representatives. 
334; furnished Parker with 
the means to purchase provi- 
sions, 343; not regarded at 
court, 379; sharp words to the 
court, 379, 383, 384; had trav- 
elled in other provinces which 
he compared to the eastern 
parts, 380; his prophecy of the 
greatness of the eastern parts, 
382; consulted with John 
Allen, 41G; letters of, 326, 379. 

M 

Mabery, Margaret, her losses 
at the destruction of Fal- 
mouth., 307. 

McCobb, Capt. , motioned that 

measures be taken to preserve 
masts, 246; on a committee for 
the same, 246. 
Hannah, subscribed for the Can- 
ada expedition, 365. 
•James, petitioned for George- 
town, 129, 130; signed Booth- 
bay petition, 171; subscribed 
for the Canada expedition, 
365; letter of, 377. 
Samuel, signed Boothbay peti- 
tion, 171; subscribed for the 
Canada expedition, 366. 
William, signed Boothbay peti- 
tions, 171, 234. 
.see also Cobb and Mtt Cobb. 
McConnell, Samuel, signed Sun- 
cook petition, 205. 
McDonald, La('hor, signed Fort 
Pownall petition, -57 
Owen, signed Pleasant River pe- 
tition, 94. 
Robert, .signed Narragansett 
petition, 160. 
McFarland, Andrew, signed Booth- 
bay f)etition, 171. 
Andrew Jr., ditto, 171. 
John Murray, ditto, 171. 
Robert, signed Fort Pownall pe- 
tition, 57. 
nee also Mtt Farland. 
Macgregf)r, .James Jr., signed Bel- 
fast petition, 108. 
McKentier, Sarah, subscribed for 

the Canada expedition, 366. 
McKen/.ie, Kenneth, signed Fort 

Pownall petition, 57. 
McKown, Patrick, signed Booth- 
bay petitions, 171, 234. 



Mclalen. Hugh, signed Gorham 
petition, 78. 

McLean, Lunchlan, signed Fort 
Pownall petition, 57. 

McLeeline, Dr. John, at Fort Hal- 
ifax, 242. 

McLellan, Capt. Joseph, bearer of 
a letter, 242; his losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 309. 

McNiel, , widow, her bill for 

sundries, 303; with her chil- 
dren in poor circumstances, 
314. 

Machias, taken possession of, 39; 
bounds of, 40, 41, 80, 96, 96; 
area of, 40; number of people 
at, 40; have no minister, 40, 
139; have no schoolmaster, 40; 
desired a grant of land, 40; 
desired to be incorporated, 40; 
granted to Ichabod Jones and 
associates, 80, 95; plaii to be 
returned, 80, 96; conditions of 
the grant, 80, 81, 82, 96, 97 j 
the distance from Gouldsboro, 
93, 113; home of J. Longfel- 
low, 112, 114; people of, en- 
emies to law and government, 
113 and 114; distance of, from 
a magistrate, 113, 115; club 
law in, 113, 114; the law abid- 
ing desired assistance, 114, 
116; the land is of good qual- 
ity, 137; trees in, not suitable 
for masts, 137, 140; has a good 
harbor and river, 1.38; salmon 
abundant at, 138; authority 
should be strengthened at, 
138; deputy sheriff sworn in, 
138; not incorporated, there- 
fore has no constable, 138; dis- 
tance from Fort Pownall, 189; 
desired to maintain preaching, 
139; number of residents at, 
139; the Rev. James Lyon in- 
vited to settle at, 172, 173; 
desired permission to levy 
taxes to support the gospel, 
173, 174; committee appointed 
to consider the same, 174; 
Lyon will settle at, 174, 175; 
the people cannot supi)ort the 
gosj)el at, 185; a committee 
ajjiiointed to levy a tax to sup- 
port the gospel, 185, 186; Capt. 
.loncs with two sloops and a 
tender arrive at, 28U; papers 
asking for protection fif Jones 
handed about, 280; tender 
moved nearer the town, 280; 



31 



4T4 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Machias, continued. 

town meeting held, 280; the 
people through fear i>assed a 
vote favorahle to the business 
of Jones, 280; the vessel 
brought to the wharf and part 
of the people given provisions, 
281; a part of the people de- 
termined to stop the business 
of Jones, 281; first attempt 
failed, 281; threat to burn the 
town, 281; sloop captured but 
tender moved and lashed to 
Toby's vessel, 281; tender 
made off and seized a sloop, 
281, 282; the people gave chase, 
282; tender surrendered, 282, 
283, 284, 287; where battle 
was fought and how long it 
lasted, 282; ammunition ob- 
tained but more needed, 282; 
prisoners to be taken to Pow- 
nalborough, 283, 287; tonnage 
of the sloops, 284; one sloop 
to be armed for defense, 284; 
Congress to send of&cers for 
the sloop, 284; prisoners to 
be taken to Congress, 287; the 
people justified the conduct 
of Stephen Jones, 292; home 
of Stephen Jones, 293; cap- 
tured vessels brought to, 310; 
people in need and fear the 
enemy, 811, 312, 313, 314; ves- 
sels at, 312; sent a list of those 
who fell in battle to Congress, 
313; the people spent their 
time in the public service, 313; 
officers in command at East- 
ern River, 313; men wounded 
and in need, 314; British de- 
serters at, 314; vessels prepar- 
ing to attack, 314; powder 
needed at, 314; attempts to 
stir the Indians to attack, 323; 
powder sent privateers of, 337; 
Parker went to, to obtain pro- 
visions, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347, 
348, 350; opposite the Bay of 
Fundy, 346; Parker's petition 
dated at, 346; Parker's notes 
held at, 351; an exposed posi- 
tion, 355; the Viper seized 
vessels at, 358; privateers be- 
ing absent there is no coast 
defense, 359; petitioned for 
relief, 359; Shaw at, 374, 424, 
443; the Committee of Safety 
dispersed, 384; Capt. Walker 
sent to, 894; Tupper's letter 



Machias, continued. 

from, 399; help expected from 
Col. Shaw, 395, 399; the peo- 
ple of, reduced to being 
butchered or plundered, 399; 
Allen's letter from, 414; Allen 
held a council at, 416; the 
petition of, to be considered, 
418; the St. Johns River ex- 
pedition to rendezvous at, 420; 
the people to be paid for fit- 
ting out the same, 421; Allen's 
dues for defending, 422; Allen 
drew from the truckhouse at, 
423; truckhouse to be con- 
tinued, 424; strong drink not 
to be sold to the Indians, 423; 
report that the enemy had 
been sent against, 425; cap- 
tured goods sent to, 431, 435; 
Preble sent to, for supplies, 
434; Shaw's letter dated from, 
439; Stillman at, 440; vessels 
to cruise off, 441, 442; Com- 
mittee of Safety, 326, 327, 359; 
letters of, 293, 310, 350, 358; 
memorial of, 114; petition of, 
173; report of commissioners, 
187; mentioned, 115, 320, 326, 
334, 419. 
Account of the capture of the 

king's cutter, 280. 
Eastern River, 313. 
Harbor, 441. 
Western Falls, 313. 

Mahogany Bay, 440. 

Maine, representatives of in Con- 
gress, 274, 354; mentioned, 6, 
48, 59, 111, 132, 188, 253, 381, 
382, 383, 384. 

Majabigwaduce, 268, 284, 331; 
Committee of Correspondence, 
832. 

Major Veel, 405. 

Manchester, 379, 

John, signed Machias petition, 
41. 

Manciville, ) 

Mangeville, Ul9, 429, 434. 

Mansigerville, J 

Mansfield, Isaac, presented Wind- 
ham petition, 71. 

Manufactures, home, 272. 

Maples, 271. 

Marblehead, 72, 74, 821, 823, 358, 
379. 

March, see Marsh. 

Marimishe, 436. 

Marines to be posted at Hajlifax, 
329. 



INDEX 



475 



Marks of, Berre, John, 41; Bou- 
den, John, 54; Bryant, Eleaz- 
er, 41; Clay, Daniel, 181; 
Drisk, John, 93; Garland, 
John, 181; Getchell. Joseph, 
41; Godhill, Donald. 58; 
Grindle, Joshua, 57; Kellev, 
William, 41; Kubler, David, 

15; Libby, Sarah, 41; P , 

John Henry, 15; Page, Joseph, 
58; Pratt, Tim., 57; Smith, 
John Morton, 58; Toben, 
Mathew, 57; Warren, Daniel, 
57; , John, 15; , Jo- 
seph, 94. 

Marque of Oil Cloth, 423. 

Marsh, ") Col. , to raise a regi- 

March, j meut in Maine, 254, 257; 
no disrespect meant for, 257. 
David, township granted to, 21. 
Samuel, petitioned for Scar- 
borough, 177, 179; remitted 
fines to be paid to, 179; signed 
Belfast petition, 198; repre- 
sented Scarborough in Con- 
gress, 274. 

Marshfield, 277. 

Marston, Brackett, his losses at 
Falmouth, 310. 

Martha's Vineyard, 93. 

Martin, James, signed Fort Pow- 
nail petition, 57. 
John, his losses at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 308. 
Maj. — -, 315. 

Oberlach, signed Broad Bay pe- 
tition, 15. 
Samuel, married the daughter of 
Richard Fullford, 107. 

Martindale, Capt. , 361. 

Mary II, 36. 

Mason, Jonas, declined to be a 
justice of the peace, 412; let- 
ter of, 412. 

Man. John, signed Suncoolc peti- 
tion, 205. 

Massachusetts Bay, Province of, 
12, 20, 25, 26, 27, 28, 39, 42, 43, 
44, 45, 46, 47, 51, 56, 59, 64, 70, 
74, 77, 78, 83, 86, 89, 91, 92, 94, 
lOG, 112. 114, 116, 128, 129, 143, 
149, 159, 160, 172, 173, 175, 177, 
179, 182, 188, 190, 194, 195, 190, 
204, 205, 200, 207,208, 210, 212, 
216, 217, 220, 229, 231, 233, 230, 
247, 260, 254, 260, 209, 273, 280, 
283, 291, 293, 296, 302, 310, 315, 
316, 332, 335, 339, 343, 850, 350, 
358, 362, 306, 307, 377, 884, .'',95, 
390, .389, 400, 401, 402, 407, 412, 



Massachusetts, continued. 

415, 418, 424, 425, 426. 436, 443, 
444. 
House of Commons, 293, 384. 

Masts, 137, 139, 141, 149, 150, 151, 
153, 154, 155, 210, 237, 242, 246, 
247. 248, 249, 2.50, 269, 287, 295, 
296, 317, 398. 

Matthews, Jabez, sent on a tour 
of discovery, 246. 
John, signed Sebascodegin peti- 
tion, 76; signed Boothbay pe- 
tition, 171. 

Maxwell, William, signed Cumber- 
land petition, 396. 

Maycock, William Jr., signed Fort 
Pownall petition. 57. 

Maynard, Stephen, signed No. Six 
petition, 229. 

Mayo, Ebenezer, his loss at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 307. 
Simeon, ditto, 305, 

Medumcook, people of desired the 
removal of the shire town, 17, 
18. 

Meeting Houses, must be erected 
in every township, 81, 96, 100, 
101. 112, 132, 136, 161, 163, 164, 
165, 219, 220, 222, 228; none at 
Belfast, 231; none at Ponds- 
town, 118; none at Sanford, 69; 
none at Winthrop, 191; at 
Boothbay, 169; at Bowdoin- 
ham, 291; at Freetown, 216; at 
Narragansett, 159, 160; at 
Scarborough, 179; at Sebasco- 
degin Island, 75. 

Memorials of. Freeman, Samuel, 
209; Longfellow, Stephen, 112; 
ministers of York, 182; North 
Yarmouth and New Glouces- 
ter, 316; people of Machias, 
114; Savage, Arthur, 143; 
Small, Samuel, 78; Wyman, 
Joshua, 175. 

Merameekee, 432, 433. 

Merrill, Abel, signed Narragansett 
petition, 181. 
Lieut Nathan, 338. 
Peter, his loss at the destruction 

of Falmouth, 307. 
Samuel, signed Narragansett pe- 
tition, 181. 
Stephen, signed Freetown peti- 
tion, 217. 

Merriraac River, 187, 213, 217, 227, 
229. 

Merryconeag Neck, 75. 

Mery, Josejjh, signed Freetown 
petition, 217. 



476 



DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 



Meserve, Daniel, justified the con- 
duct of Stephen Jones 292. 
Solomon, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 

Messages, of Bernard, Gov. Fran- 
cis, 2, 30, 31, 38, 61, 66; Coun- 
cil, the, 41, 42; General Court, 
the, 34; House of Representa- 
tives, 66; Hutchinson, Gov. 
Thomas, 132. 

Michell, see Mitchell. 

Micmacs, the, 359, 362, 364, 366, 
406, 436. 

Middleboro, 348. 

Middlesex Countv, 2", 70, 276, 277, 
353. 

Milberry, Samuel, 292, 302. 

Militia, see Soldiers. 

Miller, James, signed Belfast peti- 
tions, 196, 198, 232. 
Stephen, signed Pemaquid peti- 
tion, 190. 
William, pilot of the Loyal 
Legion, 311. 

Milliken, Martha, widow, signed 

Narragansett petition, 160. 

Thomas, bearer of a letter, 425. 

Millmen not formal, 379. 

Mills, 22, 109, 138, 141, 153. 

Mines, 149. 

Ministers, \ settled and supported 

Ministry, J in every township, 26 
81, 96, 100, 101, 112, 132, 136 
161, 215; provided for Indians 
35; none at Machias, 40, 139 
at Fort Pownall, 57, 62; pay 
for one at Fort Pownall, 65 
none at Sanford, 69; taxes to 
support, 71, 72, 73, 74, 77, 78 
Sebascodegin desired a new 
one, 76; none at Pondstown, 
118; had free passage over 
York bridge, 121; none at Ma- 
chias, 139; an itinerary at 
Machias, 139; No. Four,"^140; 
remuneration of, 172; desired 
information in regard to set- 
tling in new places, 183; to be 
paid out of the provincial 
treasury, 184; petition not 
granted for the support of, 381 ; 
reason why, 381; should keep 
their oaths, 390, 391, 397; 
should publish no untruths, 
391. 

Minot, John, his losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 309. 
Stephen, signed Pemaquid peti- 
tion, 190. 

Minute men, 249, 260. 



Miservey, Daniel, first lieutenant 
at Western Falls, 313. 

Mispecka, or Moosepeck, 281. 

Missionaries for the Eastern parts, 
225. 

Mitchell, \ John, signed Belfast 

Michell, / petition, 198. 
Capt. Jonathan, signed Fal- 
mouth petition, 79; signed 
North Yarmouth petition, 194; 
desired leave of absence, 367; 
the same granted, 367; com- 
plaints against, 369; ignorant 
of his business, 369, 370, 371, 
372, 373; had no reviews, 371; 
as the commander at Fal 
mouth, he prevented Ilsley 
from doing his duty, 386; 
neglectful. 387; sent guards to 
Saco, Kennebec and Harps- 
well, 401; why he sent no 
more, 401; needed cannon, 
401; letters of, 366, 400. 
Joseph, signed Pleasant River 

petition, 93. 
Lewis, a zealous tory, arrested 

429. 
Noah, signed Pleasant River 

petition, 93. 
William, ditto, 93. 

Mob law, 9, 10, 11, 84, 113, 143, 
144, 145, 147, 148, 149, 155, 156; 
called also Club Law; and see 
Riots. 

Molasses sold at high prices, 339; 
the exportation of prohibited, 
340. 

Money, see Currency. 

Montgomery, Samuel, signed 
Boothbay petition, 171. 

Montreal, 238, 239, 330. 

Moody, Cutting, signed Narragan- 
sett petition, 160. 
Enoch, his losses at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 308; sub- 
mitted list of losses to Con- 
gress, 310, 394. 
Joshua, his losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 309. 
Nathaniel G., ditto, 308. 

Moon, AVilliam, signed Boothbay 
petition, 171. 

Moore, James, signed Freetown 
petition, 217. 
John, signed Belfast petition, 

198. 
Jonathan, signed Freetown pe- 
tition, 217. 
Robert, signed Suncook petition, 
205. 



INDEX 



477 



Morretown, letter of, 356. 

Moosepeek, or Mispecka, 281. 

Mores, Edward, signed Penobscot 
letter, 269. 
Samuel, signed Sebascodegin 
petition, 77. 

Morren, Eriaut, signed certificate 
for Ilsley, 380. 

Morrill, Simeon, signed Freetown 
petition, 217. 

Morrison, Joseph, signed Belfast 
petition, 19S. 
Samuel, ditto, 198. 

Morrson, John, justified the con- 
duct of Stephen Jones, 292. 

Morse, David, subscribed for the 
Canada expedition, 365. 
Jonathan, his losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 307. 
Jonathan Jr., ditto, 30.5. 
Stephen, ditto, 305. 

Morton, Capt. Bryant, in com- 
mand at Falmouth, 338, 370. 
Ebenezer, signed Muscongus pe- 
tition, 18. 
Ebenezer Jr., ditto, 18. 
Perez, deputy-secretary, 206, 298, 
299, 301, 314, 318, 320, 322, 327, 
336, 339. 

Mosely, Sarah, her losses at the 
burning of Falmouth, 308. 

Most, Ebenezer, signed certificate 
for Ilsley, 386. 

Motley, Thomas, his losses at the 
burning of Falmouth, 308. 

Moulton, Brigadier , took men 

from Jordan's regiment, 410, 
411. 
Daniel, selectman of York, 92. 

Mount Desert, 92, 140, 141, 209, 
359, 441, 442. 

Mount Sweag, 226. 
Bay, 216. 

Mountfort, Edmund, his losses at 
the burning of P'almoutli, 307. 
Samuel, signed petition of St. 
I'auTs parish, 192; his loss at 
the destruction of Falmouth, 
307. 

Mowatt, Cajit. Henry, Parry's let- 
ter to, 248; Tyng to convey liis 
letter, 2-19; commander of the 
Canceau, 250; good conduct oi', 
250,251; taken prisoner, 251; 
liis threat, 261; paroled, 252; 
his excuse for i>r('aking liis 
parole, 252; his boat seized, 
253; destroyed Falmouth, 317; 
to winter at Falmouth, 317; at 
Nortli Yarmou til, 319; followed 



Mowatt, continued. 

the orders of Gage in burning 
Falmouth, 342; Howe's ac- 
count of, 342, 343; letter of, 
243. 

Mtt Cobb, John, signed Boothbay 
petition, 171; see also Cobb 
and McCobb. 

Mtt Farland, Ephraim, signed 
Boothbay petition, 171; see 
also McFarland. 

Mugrige, Peter, oath of, 332. 

^MuUiken, Benjamin, laid out a 
township, 19; his township 
granted to others, 28, 94; 
ousted from Rowley, Canada, 
28; desired permission to sell 
delinquent rights, 28, 29; new 
lands granted to, 31, 32; the 
land not equivalent, 95, 98; de- 
sired the proprietors to be 
quieted, 95; to receive back 
his land, 98; and liold the 
same, 98; his land a boundary, 
205, 219; petition of, 28. 

Mumford, Mr. , a post rider, 

405. 

Munson, Joseph, signed Machias 
petition, 41; justified the con- 
duct of Stephen Jones, 292. 
Stephen, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 

Murray, Col. , member of the 

General Court, 193. 
James, signed Belfast petition, 

232. 
John, signed Boothbay petition, 

171. 
Jonathan, ditto, 171. 
Robert, ditto, 170. 

Muscongus, the people of desired 
the removal of the sliire town, 
17, 18; Ricliard Fullford lived 
near, 107; Loud's letter dated 
at, 360. 

Musquash Cove, 427, 439. 

Mussey, Benjamin, selectman, 
signed letter for Falmouth, 
242. 

Muster roll, 376. 

M , .loscjih, signed Fort Pow- 

nall i)etition, 57. 

N 
Naii.s, 332, 335. 
Nantucket, 324, 344, 345, 3.50. 

County, 358. 
Narragansett No. One, plan of 
taken, 29; incorporated, 135; 
bounds of, l.")9, 175, 180, 181, 



478 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Narragansett, continued. 

182; number of families in, 
159; meeting house and min- 
ister, 159; desired to be in- 
corporated, 159, 175, 176; 
proprietors to be given notice 
of petition, 160, 176, 177; the 
act of incorporation not as- 
sented to, 176; new resolution 
passed, 176; petition dis- 
missed, 177; new petition pre- 
sented, 177; petition against 
incorporation, 179: reasons of 
the objectors, 179, 180; num- 
ber of rights in, 180; propor- 
tions of the two parties, 180; 
boundaries notentirely settled, 
180; the larger proprietors ob- 
ject to, 180; Scarborough peo- 
ple at the Gore. 180; claims of 
Gorham, 180; act of incorpo- 
ration, 181; town meeting to 
be called, 182; see Buxton. 
Gore, the, 180. 
Meeting House, 159, 160, 176. 

Narragansetts, the, 217. 

Nash, Isaiah, signed Pleasant Riv- 
er petition, 94 
James, ditto, 94. 
Joseph Jr., ditto, 94. 
Samuel, ditto, 93. 

Nashome, 402. 

Naskeeg Point, 140. 

Nason, Edgecomb, as convoy, 288. 
John, signed Narragansett peti- 
tion, 181; town clerk of Bux- 
ton, 236. 
Robert, signed receipt for Deer 
Island, 285. 

Nathan, Webster, signed Free- 
town petition, 217. 

Neat, Thomas, sent to Congress 
for examination, 288; sup- 
posed to be a spy, 288; born 
in Britain, 288; lived and 
travelled in America, 288; a 
steward, 288; at Boston and 
Falmouth, 288; left the ship 
to go to Philadelphia, 289; the 
captain of the sloop demanded 
his return, 289; hired a horse 
to enter Falmouth, 289; ex- 
amined and discharged, 290; 
to go south, 290. 

Nesmith, Benjamin, signed Belfast 
petition, 232. 

Nevers, Dr. , a suffering 

patriot, 415, 435, 440. 

New Boston, a boundary, 22, 23; 
men enlisted in, 833. 



New Brunswick, 86. 

New Castle, a boundary, 210, 226. 

New England, 27, 28, 70, 77, 78, 
85, 92, 94, 151, 179, 194, 196, 
210, 216, 231. 233, 240, 266, 
347, 350, 352, 353. 

New Gloucester, home of David 
Dinsmore, 246; alarmed by the 
destruction of Falmouth, 317; 
desired assistance for defense, 
318; men enlisted iu, 333; 
memorial, 316. 

New Hampshire, 4, 5, 6, 24, 25, 
44, 46, 47, 48, 50, 51, 155, 165, 
187, 195, 196, 204, 206, 208, 
213, 214, 215, 218, 220, 223, 
224, 228, 229, 336, 836, 443. 
Grants, 240, 241. 

New Haven, 86. 

New Jersey, 43, 86, 381. 

New York City, 279, 290, 304, 416, 
441. 
Bayard Street, 86. 
Exchange, the, 86. 

New York, Province of, 43, 207. 
276, 358, 381, 405, 464, 465. 

Newark, 86. 

Newbury, letter of, 356; men- 
tioned, 39, 60, 86, 357, 385, 
443. 

Newburyport, 285. 

Newfoundland, 329, 330. 

Newichwannock River, 43, 45, 50, 
51, 52. 
Head, 50. 

Newman, Thomas, his loss at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 306. 

Newton, 225. 

Nichols, Alexander, to call a town- 
meeting, 202. 
John, his loss at the burning of 

Falmouth, 307. 
William, signed Belfast peti- 
tion, 232. 

Noble, Rev. , 415. 

Rachel, signed Pemaquid, peti- 
tion, 190. 

North, Col. Joseph, 405. 

North Yarmouth, desired pay for 
caring for Edward Doring, 
194; home of John Lewis, 274; 
alaimed by the burning of 
Falmouth, 317; desired as- 
sistance, 318; British vessels 
arrived at, 319; deserters came 
to, 319; battery erected near, 
819; men enlisted in, 333; 
representative from, in Con- 
gress, 274, 355; home of Jonas 



INDEX 



479 



North Yarmouth, continued. 

Mason, 41,3; memorial of, 316; 
petition of, 194. 
Northampton, 334. 
Norton, Seth. signed Pleasant 

River petition, 94. 
Norwich, 262. 

Nova Scotia, 43, 142, 206, 250, 255, 
263, 264, 269, 273, 310, 320, 
322, 323, 324, 325, 329, 344, 
347, 348, 350, 354, 362, 
379, 381, 382, 383, 395, 
416, 419, 421, 436, 437, 



345, 
375, 
407, 
438. 
Nowell, 



Zachariah, his losses at 
the burning of Falmouth, 309. 

Xoyes, Col. , member of the 

General Court, 66. 

David, his loss at the burning of 
Falmouth, 309. 

Isaiah, ditto, 308. 

Capt. .Joseph, beai-er of the Fal- 
mouth letter, 242; his loss at 
the burning of Falmouth, 308; 
submitted the list of losses to 
Congress, 310, 394; repre- 
sented Falmouth in Congress, 
355. 

Moses, his loss at the burning of 
Falmouth, 309. 

Noah, ditto, 307. 

Peter, submitted the list of losses 
to Congress, 310, 394. 

Samuel, signed Narragansett pe- 
tition, 160. 

Timothy, his losses at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 309. 

Zebiilun, signed petition of St. 
Paul's parish, 192; his loss at 
the destruction of Falmouth, 
308. 
Nye, Mr. , member of the Gen- 
eral Court, 79. 



O 



Oaks, 162, 187,271. 

Oates, Samuel, signed Machias 
letter, 292. 

Oath, Freeman would not admin- 
ister one, 146; his reason for 
refusing, 147, 148. 

Oats, 381. 

O'Brian, "1 Dennis, justified the 

O'iJrion, J conduct of Stephen 
.Jones, 292. 
Fannater, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 
Gideon, ditto, 41; justified the 
conduct of Stephen Jones, 292. 



O'Brian. continued. 

Capt. Jeremiah, assaulted a jus- 
tice of the peace, 113, 114; led 
the people to ca^iture Jones's 
tender, 282; thanked by Con- 
gress, 287; with Foster, to 
have charge of the captured 
vessels, 287; one of the Com- 
mittee of Safety, 310. 
John, his bill as messenger, 302; 

powder delivered to, 337. 
Morris, signed Machias petition, 
41; justified the conduct of 
Stephen Jones. 292. 
William, justified the conduct of 
Stephen Jones, 292. 
Ogden, Isaac, of Newark, 86. 
Old Town, Penobscot, 411. 
Oliver, A., secretary, 2, 8, 29, 32, 
33, 39, 65, 68, 74, 77, 99. 
William, signed Fort Pownall 
petition, 57. 
Onion River, 356. 
Orders to Danks, Capt. Isaac, 315; 

regarding a prize ship, 388. 
Orne, Col. Azor, member of the 

General Court, 357. 
Osgood, Abram, signed petition of 
St. Paul's parish, 192; his loss 
at the burning of Falmouth, 
307. 
Samuel, appeller, 225; signed 
Andover petition, 20. 
Ossipee, Great, River, 19, 20. 
Little, River, 19, 20. 

Otis, Mr. , member of the 

General Court, 134, 388. 
James, lettersof,321; mentioned, 

134, 147, 164, 165, 301, 327. 
Col. Joseph, of Barnstable, 344. 
Oulton, Anne & Comp., losses of, 

at Falmouth, 309. 
Owen, Ebenezer, his losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 309. 
John, signed Narragansett peti- 
tion, 181. 
William, selectman, signed letter 
of Falmouth, 242. 
Oxen, 315. 

Oxnard, P^lward, signed petition 
of St. Paul's i)arish, 192. 
Thomas, ditto, 192. 



Page, Joskph, signed Fort Pow- 
nall petition, 58. 
Simon, signed Sebascodegin pe- 
tition, 76. 

Paine, R. T., speaker, 424. 



480 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Palfry, Mr. , member of the 

General Court, 385. 

Palmer, .Joseph, ditto, 301, 316, 
334, 422. 

Paper money, 430; see also Cur- 
rency. 

Parker, Rev. , the only Episco- 
palian who read the Declara- 
tion of Independence in pub- 
lic, 390. 
Abijah, his loss at the burning 

of Falmouth, 306. 
John, subscribed for the Canada 

expedition, 365. 
Jordan, of Georgetown, gave 
bond for keeping Parry, 237, 
247; should be released, 247; 
bond void, 287; subscribed for 
the Canada expedition, 365. 
Stephen, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41, 174; signed Machias 
memorial, 115; signed Machias 
letter, 173; to levy taxes at 
Machias, 185; reported the 
operations of the British at 
Annapolis, 323; a patriot de- 
tained in another province, 
323, 324, 325; delay in send- 
ing letter, 323; took passage 
for Philadelphia, 324, 343, .345, 
346, 347, 348, 350; at Yar- 
mouth, 325; furnished with a 
letter by Lyon, 343; unable to 
purchase supplies at Philadel- 
phia, 344; arrived at Barn- 
stable, 344; still unsuccessful, 
344; encouraged by Lovell, 
344; not successful with Con- 
gress, .344, 346, 347, 3.50; to 
embark in trade, 344, 345, 347; 
hindered in Nantucket, 345, 
350; applied to Falmouth, 345, 
3.50, 351; arrived at Nova 
Scotia, 345, 347, 350; trade in 
the same, 345; arrived at Ma- 
chias, 345, 346, 347, 351; es- 
poused the cause of liberty, 
345, .346, 347, 348; his notes 
held at Machias, 351 ; his letter 
referred to a committee, 351; 
letters of, 322, 324, .346; peti- 
tion of, 343. 
Mrs. Stephen, .325. 

Parry, ) Edward, interviewed in 

Perry, (regard to masts, 1.50; an 
enemy to American rights, 
237, 287; in custody, 237, 247, 
249, 269, 336; interrupted by 
the people, 243; will not ship 
masts, 247, 248; the Commit- 



Parry, continued. 

tee of Safety agreed not to 
disturb him, 247; erroneously 
arrested and obliged to give 
bond, 247, 248; should be re- 
leased, 247; his papers seized, 
248, 249; his papers copied, 
changed and circulated, 248; 
cannot supply masts for Hali- 
fax, 248; how arrested and 
compelled to give bond, 249; 
only to be released by an act 
of Congress, 249, 250; why ar- 
rested, 250; expects Congress 
to order the bond cancelled, 
250; a contractor for masts, 
269, 287, 300; hindered from 
performing his contract, 269, 
270; his home in New Hamp- 
shire, 270; desired to be re- 
leased, 270, 336; to be brought 
to Congress, 287; Sewall and 
Parker his bondsmen and the 
bond is void, 287, 295; com- 
mittee appointed to examine, 
299; to be sent to some inland 
town, 301; his affairs at home 
need his attention, 335; held 
no office and injured no one, 
336; paroled for three 
months, 336; selectmen can't 
grant his release, 336; letters 
of, 247. 249. 335; petition of, 
269, 287. 

Parsons, Isaac, member of the 
Committee of Safety, 318. 

Partridge field, Congress demanded 
speedy payment of money 
from, 261; not able to pay the 
required tax, 261; wliy poor, 
261; has sent required quota, 
261; begged to be excused, 
262; letter of, 261. 

Passageesewokev Harbor, a bound- 
ary, 197, 199"; 

Passamaquoddy, 117, 364, 375. 
Bay, 427. 
Bay Islands, 142. 
Indians, 427. 
River, 142. 

Passidoukeag, the, .55. 

Patrick, John, signed Freetown 
petition, 217. 

Pattee, Ezekiel, selectman, and 
one of the Windham Com- 
mittee of Safety, 265, 409; let- 
ter of, 409. 

Patten, John, signed Andover pe- 
tition, 20. 



INDEX 



481 



Patterson, James, signed Belfast 
petition, 19S, 232. 
Nathaniel, ditto, 198, 232. 
Robert, ditto, 198. 
William, ditto, 232. 
William Jr.. ditto, 198. 
Peabody"s, 440. 

Pearce. John, member of the Gen- 
eral Court, 111. 
Richard, ditto. 111. 
see also Peirce and Pierce. 
Pearl, Simeon, signed Freetown 

petitions, 17, 217. 
Pearson, Moses, his loss at the 
burning of Falmimth, 309. 
Will., ditto, 309. 
Pearsontown, plan made of, 29; a 

boundary, 159, 175, 182. 
Peas, 381. 
Peaslee, Nathaniel, a justice of 

the peace, 61. 
Peirce family, 107, 108. 

John, signed Fort Pownall peti- 
tion, .57. 
see also Pearce and Pierce. 
Peircentown, 135. 
Pemaquid, 89, 90, 2.30. 

Company, 189, 190, 230. 
Pennicook, 195, 208, 213, 215; later 

Rumford, 213. 
Pennsylvania, 381. 
Penobscot, 57, 153, 207, 268, 269, 
279, 286, 320, 334, 341, 355, 
367, 368, 379, 411, 413. 
Bay, 86, 197, 199, 231. 
Indians, 245, 283, 286, 341, 359, 
362, 363, 364, 367, 378, 411, 413, 
River, 57, 62, 84, 85, 86, 90, 131, 
134, 156, 188, 268, 271, 272, 273, 
284, 341, 367, 369, 412, 413, 425. 
Pepperellborough, 135. 

^Swacket, }''"'''' 2''^' 'l''^''- 
Battle of, Lovewell killed at, 
203; the Indians terrorized at, 
203. 

Percy, Lord Hugh, ;!29, 330. 

Perkins, Epbraim, his sloop hired 
as a transport, 263; ftrice to 
be i)aid him, 264; directions 
to, 264. 
Joseph, signed P.of)tlibay peti- 
tion, 170; member of tlie 
Committee of Safety, 332. 

I'crley, Israel, a prisoner, 415. 

Perth, Amboy, 8(i. 

Petcher, Bcuheii, signed i'ort 
Pownail jictition, 57. 

Petersburg, 304. 



Petitions of, Anderson, Abraham, 
71, 73; Andover, 18, 19; Bean, 
David, 83; Boothbay, 166, 233, 
Broad Bay, 14; Brown, Henry 
Y., 02, 64,' 116, 222, 224; Brown 
John, 231; Bridges, Moody, 
28, 29, 94, 95; Church of Eng- 
land, 191; Cox, John, 64; 
Cumberland, 396; Downe, 
Samuel, 20; Eggleston, Heze- 
kiah, 107; Elder, William, 210; 
Fort Pownall, 56; Freetown, 
16, 216; Frye, Joseph, 106; 
Gardner, John, 227, 229; 
Georgetown, 129; Gorham, 
77; Ilsley, Daniel, 386; John- 
son, Noah, 202; Jones, Nathan, 
21, .332; Josselyn, Joseph, 217, 
218; Lawrence, Amos, 220; 
Livermore, Samuel, 108; Ma- 
chias, 173; March, Samuel, 
177; Medumcook, 17; Miller, 
James, 196; Mulliken and 
Bridges, 28, 29, 94, 95; Mus- 
congus, 17; Narragansett, 159; 
North Yarmouth, 194; Parker, 
Stephen, 343; Parry, Edward, 
269; Pondstown, 117; Richard- 
son, Joseph, 26; Sanford, 68; 
Sebascodegin, 74; Thornton, 
Matthew, 20; Township No. 
Five, 92; Walker, Timothy, 
212, 214; Whittemore, Samuel, 
229; Winthrop, 190; York, 91. 

Petterson, William, signed Belfast 
petition, 232. 

Pettingall, Benjamin, liis loss at 
the burning of Falmouth, 306. 
Daniel, ditto, 306. 

Philadelphia, 293, 294, 312, 343, 
344, 348, 350. 

Pliillil)s, Capt. , of the Gam- 
mon, 36(). 
Maj., claimed tlie land granted 

to Henry Y. Brown, 224. 
Samuel, justice of the peace, 
196; member of the General 
(k)urt, 215, 220. 
William, member of the General 
Court, 388. 

Phillipstown, a boundary, 19; in- 
corporated, 67, 68; bounds of, 
68; warrant to be issued for a 
town meeting in, (i8. 

PJiinney, Col. Edmund, a select- 
man, signed Gorham petition, 
78; to enlist a regiment, 253, 
257, 283; pajxTs retuined to, 
254; no disrespect meant for, 
257. 



82 



482 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Phips, David, petitioned for 
land, 99, 100; township granted 
to, 100, 162; title confirmed, 
162; petition of, 99. 

Physician, see Surgeon. 

Pickering, Timothy Jr., 337. 

Pierce, Daniel, 47. 

see also Pearce and Peirce. 

Pierre Jommo, an Indian, 414. 
see also Toma. 

Pierson, Jonathan, of Newbury, 
his sloop captured, 385. 

Pike, James, signed Narragansett 
petition, 159. 
Timothy, his losses at the burn- 
ing of Falmouth, 308. 

Pine Trees, 137, 139, 140, 141, 149, 
150, 153, 154, 271. 

Pineo, Jonathan, justified the con- 
duct of Stephen Jones, 292. 

Pinkham, Solomon, signed Booth- 
bay petition, 171. 

Pirates, 244. 

Piscataqua, 331, 335, 374, 376. 
Harbor, 43, 41. 
Eiver, 43. 

Pitcher, Ezra Jr., signed Broad 
Bay petition, 15. 

Pitts, Mr. , of the Provincial 

Congress, 318. 
James, councilor, 1, 10, 42, 88, 
147; signed Kennebec petition, 
151; signed report concerning 
Pemaquid, 230. 
William, traded with Parker, 
345. 

Planks, 246, 248, 249, 250, 269, 301. 

Pleasant River, same as Township 
No. Five, 92; situation of, 92; 
number of families at, 92; not 
orderly, 92, 93; people desired 
that Wilmot Woss be ap- 
pointed a justice of the peace, 
93; united to Machias, 281; 
prisoners at, 303; petition of, 
92. 

Plumer, | j^oses, 93, 309. 
Plummer, I ' ' 

Plymouth Council, 90, 189. 
ISIass., 266, 273, 277, 379, 
Patent, 155. 
Purchase, 118. 
Plympton, Daniel, selectman of 

Sturbridge, 337. 
Point Levi, 368. 

Pondstown, situation of, 118, 122, 
124; desired to be incorpo- 
rated, 118; no minister or 
school at, 118; proposed 
bounds of, 118, 126, 127; de- 



Pondstown, continued. 

sired exemption from taxes, 
118; roads to be built at, 118; 
incorporated, 126, 127; war- 
rant to be issued for town 
meeting at, 127; named, 127; 
officers to be voted for, 128; 
petition of, 117. 

Pool, Abijah, his losses at the 
burning of Falmouth, 308. 

Porterfield, Patrick, member of 
the Provincial Congress, 316. 

Portland, Willis' History of, cited, 
310; see Falmouth. 

Portsmouth, 48, 152, 155, 187, 215, 
336. 

Pomfret, 240. 

Port Bill, the, 235, 236. 
Royal, 34. 
Royal Expedition, 109. 

Post, none further than Falmouth, 
377. 
Rider, a, 405. 

Potatoes, 285, 315. 

Pote, Capt. , obliged to fur- 
nish Thompson with cash and 
provisions, 253. 
Jeremiah, his losses at the burn- 
ing of Falmouth, 309. 

Powder, 245, 255, 283, 285, 294, 
314, 323, 337, 346; see also Am- 
munition. 

Powell, Jeremiah, councilor, 1, 88; 
a member of the Committee 
of Safety, 318, 320; his letter 
to be considered, 318; his let- 
ter, 319. 
Col. Jeremiah, justice of the 
peace, 10, 11, 147, 148, 371; 
member of the General Court, 
357, 358. 

Pownalborough, a boundary, 14, 
15, 16, 17, 18; should be sep- 
arated from Frankfort, 15, 16, 
18; the returns of the town 
meeting to be sent to the Gen- 
eral Court, 123, 125, 128; home 
of Thomas Rice, 227; Wood's 
letter dated from, 258; ques- 
tion about Dr. Rice being a 
representative for, 298, 299 
home of David Silvester, 316 
Committee of Safety, 349, 353 
homes of David and the Rev. 
Jacob Bailey, 352; Langdon's 
letter dated at, .366; care of 
the Rev. Jacob Bailey, 389; 
Bailey's reply submitted to, 
392, 394; Charles Cushing's 
letter dated at, 397; Roland 



INDEX 



483 



Pownalborougb, continued. 

Cushing's letter dated at, 400; 
Jordan's letter dated at, 410; 
exposed situation of, 411. 
Goal. 283, 287. 

Pratt, Tim., signed Fort Pownall 
petition, 57. 
William, ditto, 57. 

Preble, Mr. , interpreter, 376. 

Abrabam, selectman, signed let- 
ter of Bowdoinham, 291. 
Col. and Brigadier, signed peti- 
tion of St. Paul's parisb, 192; 
an assurity for Mowatt, 252; 
cbairman of tbe Committee of 
Correspondence, 2.53, 254, 250; 
knew nothing about tbe de- 
serter, 289; bis loss at tbe 
burning of Falmouth, 305; 
represented Falmouth in Con- 
gress, 355, 385; letters of, 253, 
283. 
Jedediah Jr., signed petition of 

Fort Pownall, ,57. 
Capt. John, Indians to tell their 
wants, 256; not a satisfactory 
truckmaster, 341; did not ac- 
cept the office, 855; arrived at 
Machias, 414; bearer of a let- 
ter, 418; obliged to leave bis 
position, 418, 434; on a voyage 
of discovery, 427; arrested 
Mitchell, 429; active, 434; sent 
to Machias for supplies, 434; 
letters of, 405, 407. 

Prescott, Col. James, member of 
tbe Provincial Congress, 301, 
322, 414. 

Press, tbe liberty of tbe, sup- 
pressed, 2.39. 

Priests, 56, 239, 406, 416. 

Prince, Capt. , 262. 

Christopher, 324. 
Paul & Co., .306. 
Silvanus, 194. 

Prisoners, military, returned, 330; 
to be exchanged, 3.30, 331. 

Privateers, :'.10, 311, 320, .359; nee 
also under Vessels. 

Providence, 405. 

PuUen, James, signed I'ondstovvn 
j)etition, 118. 
Stephen, ditto, 119. 

Purenton, Nathaniel, .signed Se- 
Ijascodegin petition, 77. 

Purriiitou, .James, bis loss at tb«> 
burning of F\'»lm<tutb, 305. 

Putnam, (ien. Israel, 240. 

P , John Henry, 15. 



Q 

QrAKKRS, 185. 

Quebec, 239, 241, 246, 304, 328. 329, 
308, 4.32. 
Bill, tbe, 2.39. 
Siege of, 363. 
Queen's Birthday, the, 157. 
Quinby, Joseph, his loss at tbe 
burning of Falmouth, 808. 
Joseph Jr., ditto, 308. 

R 

Rand, Benjamin, bis loss at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 308. 

Randell, Isaac, ditto, 307. 

Rangers, see Soldiers. 

Rankins, Constant, signed Sebas- 
codegin petition, 77. 
James, ditto, 77. 
John, ditto, 76. 

Raymon, Paul, ditto, 76. 

Raymond, Capt. William, town- 
ship granted to, 22, 27; bounds 
of same, 22, 23. 

Raymond's Town, 165. 

Recruits, see under Soldiers, 395. 

Reed, Andrew Jr., signed Booth- 
bay petition, 171. 
Audrey 3d, ditto, 171. 
David, ditto, 171. 
John, ditto, 171. 
Joseph, ditto, 171. 
Samuel, justified the conduct of 

Stephen Jones, 292. 
William, signed Boothbay peti- 
tion, 171. 

Regiments to be raised in Maine, 
253, 254; impracticable to 
raise one in Cumberland, 257; 
more to come from England, 
263; reinforced, 340; to be 
raised by a draft, 358; one to 
include botli English and 
Indians, 363; needed in Cum- 
berland, 396; to be raised in 
Cumberland and Lincoln coun- 
ties, 420, 438; see also under 
Soldiers. 

Regulars, tbe, see under Soldiers. 

Remuneration of ministers, 172. 

Rent, Hicomian, signed Boothbay 
petition, 171. 

Reply of the Council to Stirling, 
88. 

liepoi-ts of, ab:ile7nent of taxes, 
.378; Allen's, .Jolin, ac<'ounts, 
422; Brown's, Henry Y., i)eti- 
tion, 4, 5, 24, 82, 103"; Damaris- 



484 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Reports, continued. 

cotta petition, 237; Sewell's, 
Dummer, petition, 395; exam- 
ination of Parry, Edward, 300; 
Fuller's, Joshua, petition, 100; 
Hancock's letter, 419; John- 
son's, Noah, petition, 219; 
Jones and Hicks, 275; Jones, 
Ichabod, 80; Jones', Nathan, 
petition, 383; powder, 340; 
Lane's, John, accounts, 286; 
Livermore's, Samuel, peti- 
tion, 131; Machias commis- 
sion, 137; Phips', David, peti- 
tion, 99; Scott's, D., petition, 
298; seaport defenses, 321; 
Sweetser's, Seth, petition, 230; 
Thatcher's, David, papers, 
422. 

Resolves on and of, Anderson's, 
Abraham, petition, 73; Bel- 
fast's petitions, 232, 235, 236; 
Brown, Henry Y., 5, 6; Bul- 
lock's, William, land, 136; 
Eggleston's, H., petition, 110; 
Falmouth, First Parish's peti- 
tion, 99; Frye, Joseph, 110; 
Machias, 286; Mulliken's, B., 
petition, 98. 

Rhode Island, 43, 381, 405. 

Rice, , a name in Adams' 

intercepted letter, 295. 
Seth, signed Township No. Six 

petition, 229. 
Dr. Thomas, of Pownalborough, 
to call a town meeting, 227; 
justice of the peace, 275; his 
seat in the Assembly ques- 
tioned, 298, 299; will exchange 
coin for bills, 374; letter of, 
373. 

Rich, Samuel, signed Machias pe- 
tition, 41; signed Machias 
memorial, 115. 

Richards, Humphrey, signed Fal- 
mouth petition, 79. 
James, signed Freetown peti- 
tion, 17. 
Joseph, ditto, 17, 217. 

Richardson, Josiah, an agent, 26, 
28, 59, 60; land granted to, 215; 
deposition and oath of, 70. 

Richmond, Col. , member of 

the General Court, 66, 289. 
Ezra, ditto, 290. 

Ridley, James, signed Sebasco- 
degin petition, 76. 
James Jr., ditto, 77. 

Riggs, Daniel, his loss at the burn- 
ing of Falmouth, 306. 



Riggs, continued. 
Joseph Jr., ditto, 307, 
Josiah, ditto, 308. 
Wheeler, ditto, 306, 
Ringe, Thomas, signed Fi-eetown 

petition, 217. 
Riots, 10, 11, 84, 113, 114, 145; see 

also Mob Law. 
River of Canada, 368. 
Roads in Sanford, 69; in Wind- 
ham, 71; needed at Ponds- 
town, 118. 
Robbins, Jonathan, signed Broad 

Bay petition, 15. 
Roberds, George, signed Falmouth 

petition, 79. 
Roberts, Job, signed Narragansett 

petition, 181. 
Robinson, Haunce, overpaid, 322; 
letter of, 322. 
John, signed Muscongus peti- 
tion, 18; signed Falmouth 
petition, 79. 
Rockingham County, 208. 
Rogers, George, subscribed for the 
Canada expedition, 366. 
William, ditto, 365. 
Ropes, Nathaniel, councilor, 1. 
Ross, Alex,, justice of the peace, 
10, 11; as a witness, 8; letter 
of, 14, 
David, mate of the Loyal Legion, 

taken a prisoner, 310, 
Elizabeth, widow of Capt, Alex- 
ander, 249, 
John, signed Sebascodegin peti- 
tion, 76. 
Joseph, ditto, 76. 
Thomas, ditto, 77; signed Free- 
town petition, 217. 
Round Pond, Bristol, 107. 
Rowley, Canada, 5, 6, 28, 29. 
Roxbury, 276, 379. 
Royal Artillery, the, 315. 

Isaac, councik)r, 1. 
Ruggles, John, of Ilardwich, 276. 
Rum, 316, 403. 

Rumford, formerly Pennicook, 213; 
Timothy Walker purchased 
land at, 213, 214; incorporated, 
213; in New Hampshire, 213, 
214. 
Russell, Dr. , bearer of memo- 
rial, 318. 
James, councilor, 1, 10, 42, 88. 
Thomas, signed Andover peti- 
tion, 20. 
Ruynels, Samuel, signed receipt 

for Deer Island, 285. 
Rye, 381. 



INDEX 



485 



Ryswick, 207. 

R , Matthias, signed Narragan- 

sett petition, 181. 
Matthias Jr., ditto, 181. 

S 

Saco Rivek, 24, 28, 29, 63, 94, 100, 
101, 111, 132, 135, 159, 175, 181, 
182, 205, 218, 219, 221, 222, 228, 
401. 
Sagadahoc, grantees of a township 
in, desired further time, 21, 
22, S3, 84; illegal settlers at 
the east of, 104. 
St. Christopher's, 207, 316. 
St. Clair, Gen. Arthur, 442. 
St. Croix. 80, 89, 90, 142, 385. 

River, 95, 142, 143. 
St. Eustatia, 14. 
St. Francjois Indians, 240, 304. 
St. Georges, 64. 322. 
River, 316. 
Shoals, 316. 
St. Johns, 238, 340, 356. 360, 365, 
376, 416, 427, 440, 441, 442. 
River, 310, 412, 413, 414, 416, 
417, 418, 419, 424, 425, 426, 438, 
443. 
River expedition, 419, 420, 421, 
436. 
St. Vincents, 14. 
Salem, 244, 337. 
Essex Gazette, 215, 220. 
Harbor, 388. 
Salmon, 86, 138, 311. 
Falls River, 4, 25, 26, 32, 33, 43, 

60, 51, 52. 
Falls River, head, 50. 
Falls River, north-easterly 

branch, 61. 
Falls River, south-westerly 

branch, 51, 52. 
Trouts, 139. 
Sanborn, John, released, 84. 
Sands, Ephraim, signed Narragan- 
sett petition, 181. 
Samuel, ditto, 181. 
Sanford, incorporated, 69; people 
from New Flanipshire settled 
in, 69; no minister at, 69; no 
meeting-house orschoolinaster 
at, 09; area of, 69; desired 
exemption from taxes, 69; 
petition of, 68. 
Capt. Thomas, a rioter, 147, 14H; 
his loss at the burning of Fal- 
mouth, 308; as administrator, 
308. 



Saunders, alias Andrew, Joseph, 
14. 

Savage, , of Pownalborough, 

voted illegally, 299. 
Arthur, comptroller of customs, 
9, 143, 145; assaulted, 143, 144, 
145, 148; his life in danger, 
146; will go to Boston, 146; 
gave names of the rioters, 147; 
memorial of, 143. 
Habijah, signed Pemaquid peti- 
tion. 190. 
John, ditto, 190. 
Capt. William, of Falmouth, 
143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 
296, 298. 

Savages, see Indians. 

Saw mills, see Mills. 

Sawyer, Joseph, signed Falmouth 
petition, 79. 

Sayer, Ebenezer, represented Wells 
in Congress, 274. 

Say ward, Jonathan, member of the 
General Court, 20, 24, 26. 

Scammell, Thomas, returned from 
his survey, 155; letter of, 152. 

Scarborough, plan of, taken, 29; 
a boundary, 135, 159, 175, 180, 
181, 182; always willing to 
support the government, 177, 
178; fined for not sending a 
representative to Congress, 
178; extra expense of settling 
a minister, 178; errors of tax 
collector, 178; expense of re- 
pairing the meeting house, 
178; destructive fire in, 178; 
petitioned for remission of 
fines, 178, 170; fines remitted, 
179; families at the Gore, 180; 
home of Samuel March, 274; 
representatives in Congress, 
274, 355; deserters sent to, 320. 
Gore, the, 180. 

Schemle, Andrew, one of the Com- 
mittee of Safety, 267. 

Schoeffer, John Martin, signed 
Hroad Hay petition, 15. 

Schools, "I none at Machias, 

Schoolmasters, j 40; none at San- 
ford, 69; must be in every 
township, 81, 96, 100, 132, 136, 
162, 103, 104, 165, 215, 219, 
220, 222, 228; none at Ponds- 
town, 118; none at Helfast, 197. 

Schooner, see Vessels. 

Scotland, 156. 

Scott, Mr. , of Halifax, 263, 

265. 



486 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Scott, continued. 

Daniel, report on the petition of, 

298. 
James, first-lieutenant at East- 
ern River, 314. 
John, signed Machias memorial, 

115. 
Samuel, ditto, 115; signed Ma- 
chias letter, 173; signed Ma- 
chias petition, 174. 

Scouts, see Soldiers. 

Sea coast men, in the army at 
Falmouth, 338. 

Seamen impressed, 320. 

Seaports, report on the defense of 
the, 321. 

Searl, Capt. Isaac, member of the 
General Court, 174. 

Sebago Pond, the Great, 22, 23. 

Sebascodegin Island, called Shap- 
leigh's Island, 74; in Harps- 
well, 74; number of families 
at, 74; had meeting house and 
minister, 75; desired to be a 
seperate parish, 75, 76; had a 
minister only part of the time, 
75, 76; Harpswell to be noti- 
fied of the petition, 77; peti- 
tion of, 74. 

Semple, John, part owner of the 
Loyal Legion, 310; taken pris- 
oner, 310. 

Seguin, 875. 

Sergeant, Mr. , member of the 

General Court, 369. 

Settlements, encouraged by re- 
spectable forts, 62; land 
granted and not granted, 104; 
land on the Kennebec began 
to attract attention, 128; made 
without authority, 131, 133, 
155, 158, 168, 187; the charter 
concerning, 1.33; trespasses to 
be removed, 133, 134; com- 
mittee appointed to attend to 
134; prosperous, 155, 158, 382 
report of the committee, 134 
see Townships. 

Sevey, George, signed Machias pe- 
tition, 41. 
Capt. Joseph, ditto, 41; signed 
Machias memorial, 115; in 
command at Eastern River, 
813. 

Sewall, Dummer, of Georgetown, 
bondsman for Parry, 236, 237, 
247; should be released, 247; 
bond void, 287; willing to re- 
main on part of the bond, 296; 



Sewall, continued. 

in public service, 260; letter 
of, 247. 
Henry, as a witness, 300. 
Hony, subscribed for the Canada 

expedition, 366. 
Samuel, selectman of York, 92. 
Shapleigh's Island, 74. 
Shattuck, Moses, his losses at the 
burning of Falmouth, 308. 
Summers, ditto, 307. 
Zebadiah, signed Andover peti- 
tion, 20. 
Shaw, Col. Francis, desired further 
time, 21, 22; time granted, 22; 
a deputy to the Indians, 364; 
blockaded, 373, 874; arrived 
at Machias, 374, 424, 443; re- 
ported the condition of affairs 
in Maine, ,375; promised pay 
to the sailors, 876; spoke well 
of Capt. Lambert, 376; en- 
gaged an interpreter, 876; why 
he did not retain the Delight, 
876; to go to Gouldsborough, 
377; can give information, 383; 
Machias expects help from, 
395, 399; promised wages to 
Indian soldiers, 406, 407; en- 
listed men, 424; to go to the 
assistance of Col. Allen, 424; 
expects to keep the Indians 
friendly, 424; arrived with 
men, 4-32, 483, 443; at Mus- 
quash Cove, 489; met Col. 
Allen, 489; sent letter for Col. 
Allen, 440; his letter before 
Congress, 385; letters of, 874, 
424, 439, 443. 
James, signed Machias memo- 
rial, 116. 
Josiah, his loss at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 806. 
Samuel, justified the conduct of 

Stephen Jones, 292. 
William, to accompany an In- 
dian to Washington, 365. 
Shearman, Eleazer, signed Booth- 
bay petition, 171. 
Mary, her loss at the destruction 
of Falmouth, 809. 
Sheepscot River, 216, 226. 
Shelburn, Earl of, 30, 34, 66, 67. 
Shepard, Alexander, a rejected 

township granted to, 226. 
Shepperday, 894, 895. 
Shey, William, a bill drawn on, 

312. 
Shirriff, Maj. William, deputy- 
quartermaster-general, 262 



INDEX 



487 



Shirriff, continued. 

315; contract with Ephraim 
Perkins, 202, 264; supplies 
consigned to, 315; letters of, 
202, 264, 265. 
Shithen, Japeth, signed Machias 

memorial, 115. 
Shodier, 30S; see C'haudier. 
Shute, Benjamin, signed Penob- 
scot letter, 269. 
Shuttuck, Moses, signed St. Paul's 

parish petition, 192. 
Silver. 149. 

Silvester, see Sylvester. 
Simmons, W., signed St. Paul's 

parish petition, 192. 
Simpson, Joseph, represented 
York in Congi-ess, 374; letter 
of, 305. 
Josiah, desired more time, 83; 

more time granted, 84. 
Jos. Jr., selectman of York, 92. 

Sinclare, \ , sworn in deputy 

Sinkler, / sheriff, 138. 
John, signed Machias memorial, 

115. 
Nathaniel, rent for his sloop, 
302; justice of the i^eace, 314. 
Six Nations, the, 240, 
Skillin, John, signed certificate for 
Ilsley, 386. 
Capt. Samuel, signed Falmouth 
petitions, 79, 99. 
Sloops, see Vessels. 

Small, , signed Sebascodegin 

petition, 77. 
James, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 78, 79. 
T. Jr., signed Sebascodegin pe- 
tition, 76. 

Smith, , furnished supplies 

for Machias, 303. 

Capt. , of Bristol, Eug., 139. 

Maj. , commissary at Ticon- 

deroga, 404. 
Benjamin, township granted to, 

217. 
Elihu, signed Pondstown peti- 
tion, 119. 
Capt. George, 375, 388. 
Isaac, signed Pleasant River pe- 
tition, 94; owned molasses at 
Brunswick, 339. 
John, of Perth Amboy, 80. 
John Morton, signed Fort Pow- 

nall petition, 68. 
Jonatiian, of Pliiladelphia, 343. 
Lucy, lu-r loss at tiie burning of 

Falmouth, 310. 
Lieut. Nathan, 366. 



Smith, continued. 

Samuel, of Arundel, his sloop 
seized by Graves, 266, 273; in- 
duced to join the king's ser- 
vice, 266, 273; sailed with 
arms to Nova Scotia, 266, 274; 
had Jones and Hicks on board, 
266, 273, 274, 276, 277; took 
the vessel to Arundel, 266, 
274; knew not why Hicks was 
on board, 277; deposition of, 
273. 

Capt. Stephen, justified the 
conduct of Stephen Jones, 
292; in charge of privateer, 
310; seized the Loyal Briton, 
and destroyed fort at St. 
Johns, 310, 311; his letter be- 
fore the General Court, 385; 
asked to assist in conveying 
prisoners, 395. 

Rev. Thomas, represented the 
First parish, 99; his loss at 
the burning of Falmouth, 309. 

Snow, , represented Harpswell 

in Congress, 355. 

Ebenezer, his loss at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 307. 

Elisha, of St. Georges, his 
losses, 315, 316; signed Sebas- 
codegin petition, 76. 

Isaac, signed Sebascodegin pe- 
tition, 76. 

John, ditto, 76. 
Snow shoes for the troops, 239. 
Socenomick or Chaudier River, 

368. 
Soldiers, enlisted men to be 
clothed as, 53; more can be 
sent higher up the river, 55; 
desired that Crawford be re- 
tained as minister at Fort 
Pownall, 57; sent to relieve 
St. Georges, 64; eight to be 
sent to Fort Pownall, 65; 
wages for the same, 65; fur- 
nisiied by Bt)otlibay, 167, 168; 
commanded by (ioldthwait, 
180; the British, to be ready 
to go to Boston, 239; snow 
shoes for, 239; in disguise to 
explore, 239; only French 
otticers willing to liglit, 240; 
Phinney to enlist a regiment, 
253; Maine cannot spare, 253; 
Marcii to raise a regiment, 
254; St(n:kbri(lgc Indians en- 
list, 25(); Lane sent to raise a 
regiment among Indians, 256; 
Congress to establish an army, 



488 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Soldiers, continued. 

256; enlisting progresses slow- 
ly, 257; impracticable to raise 
two regiments in Cumberland, 
257; Boothbay officers resign, 
260; people elected officers, 
260; more regiments arrive 
from England, 263; coasters 
to carry timber to, 274, 275; 
at Marsbfield, 277; officers of 
regiments raised in Maine, 279; 
no provision made for those 
Phinney is to enlist, 283; an 
army to be raised and equip- 
ped, 295; army to continue at 
Boston, 304; hopes of having a 
large army in America, 304; 
Russia to send infantry to 
assist England, 304; captured 
at St. Johns, 310, 311; ex- 
pensive lumher, 311; officers 
at Eastern River, 313; Frye to 
assume command, 321; where 
troops should be stationed on 
the sea coast, 321; billeted in 
St. Georges, 322; re-enforce- 
ments to be sent to Howe, 
328, 340; to sail from Ireland, 
329; marines at Halifax, 329; 
regiments reincorporated, 330; 
Cutter and Fabyan to raise 
companies, 332; where men 
were enlisted, 333; marched 
from Cambridge, 333; Ilsley 
in command, 338; number at 
Falmouth and Cape Elizabeth, 
338; lack ammunition, 338; 
sickly, 339; regiments to be 
raised by a draft, 358; Hil- 
ton's to be placed in order of 
defense, 360; a regiment of 
English and Indians to be 
raised, 363; four Indians join 
the army, 364, 365; the Eng- 
lish sailed up the Canada 
River, 368; Indians will join 
the rangers, 368; trouble with 
Col. Mitchell at Falmouth, 
369, 370, 371, 372; regiments 
not reviewed, 371, 373; trouble 
about the service on Sunday, 
372; would, if permitted, qual- 
ify themselves, 373; parades 
discontinued, 386; suspicion 
of disloyalty, 386, 387; poor 
discipline will cause disorder, 
887; a countryman who joined 
the regulars, 395; recruited in 
Cumberland, 395; with the 
aid of the inhabitants seized a 



Soldiers, continued. 

vessel from Annapolis, 395, 
396; unsuccessful in an at- 
tempt to take a garrison, 395, 
396; needed in Cumberland, 
396; cannot be recruited at 
Nashone, 402; in need at 
Ticonderoga, 403, 404; for 
Rhode Island, 405; Indians 
under Eddy, 406; Boston men, 
406; pay promised to Indians 
who served, 406, 407; drafted 
in York county, 410; taken 
from Jordan's regiment, 410, 
411; regulars and Indians ap- 
proaching, 412, 413; com- 
manded by French officers, 
413; Hessians ordered home, 
416; regiments to be raised in 
Cumberland and Lincoln coun- 
ties, 420, 438; armament of the 
St. Johns expedition, 420; 
officers, 420, 421; to be con- 
tinued by Allen, 423; surgeon 
for, 423; Canadians drafted, 
432; for Ticonderoga, 442, 444; 
to join Col. Allen, 443. 

Somerby, Abraham, signed Narra- 
gansett petition, 160. 

Somerset county, England, 86. 

Southerland, James, assaulted a 
justice of the peace, 113, 114. 

Spain, 387. 

Spaniards, the, 207. 

Spars, 249, 269, 279. 

Speeches of, Bernard, Gov. Fran- 
cis, 59; Hutchinson, Gov. 
Thomas, 103, 106, 130. 

Spencer, Gen. Joseph, 405. 

Spooner, Walter, member of the 
General Court, 402. 

Sprague, Abiel, signed Machias 
petition, 41; bill as messenger, 
302. 
Abiel, 2d, ditto, 41. 
Abier, signed Machias memorial, 

115. 
William, subscribed for the 
Canada expedition, 366. 

Spruce, 271. 

Spry, Lieut, Thomas, papers found 
in his baggage, 326, 327, 328. 

Stackpole, James, signed Sebasco- 
degin petition, 76. 
William, ditto, 76. 

Standwood, Samuel, 245, 340, 

Stanford, Joseph, signed Fal- 
mouth petition, 79. 
Josiah, ditto, 79. 
Robert, ditto, 79. 



INDEX 



489 



Stanley, Mr. , bis schooner 

had Frevoy on board, 323. 
Stanyan, Jobn, signed Sanford 

petition, 69. 
States, the, 435, 436; see also 

United States. 
Statesman, what constitutes a, 

380. 
Stel, John, signed Belfast petition, 

198. 
Stevens, Abraham, his loss at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 307. 

Amos, signed Pondstown peti- 
tion, 118. 

Asa, signed Narragansett peti- 
tion, 181. 

Rev. Benjamin, as trustee, 183, 
184; his account allowed, 225. 

Benjamin Jr., signed Suncook 
petition, 205. 

Chare, signed Pleasant River 
petition, 94. 

Edmund, ditto, 94. 

Hubbard, signed Freetown peti- 
tion, 217. 

Joseph, signed Pondstown peti- 
tion, 119. 
Stevenson, John, his loss at the 
burning of Falmouth, 305. 

Stick ney, Mr. , member of the 

General Court, 193. 

Capt. David, 14. 

Esther, ber loss at the burning 
of Falmouth, 306. 

Mary, ditto, 309. 
Stillman, , his bill for sup- 
plies, 303. 

Maj. George, member of the 
Committee of Safety, 283; sent 
to Congress with an account 
of Machias, 313; accomi)anied 
by Dr. Chalnor, 314; to have 
command of a regiment, 430, 
487; at JNIachias, 440; letter of, 
430. 
Stimson, Ephraim, signed Fort 
Pownall petition, 58; signed 
Belfast petition, 198. 

Richard, signed Belfast peti- 
tion, 198. 
Stirling, Capt. Frederick, master 
of the Loyal Legion, 311; sent 
to the General Court, 311. 

William Alexander, Earl of, to 
sell his land, 85, 86, 87, 89, 90; 
office of, 86; agents of, 86; 
sent title of the land to Ber- 
nard, 87; his Ictler before the 
Council, 88; his right to the 
land denied, 89, 01; founda- 



Stirling, continued. 

tion of his claim, 90, 91; a 
proclamation issued, 90, 91; 
advertisement of, 85; letter of, 
87. 

Stockbridge Indians, 250. 

Stoddard, Col. , 66. 

David, his loss at the burning of 
Falmouth, 310. 

Stone, Capt. , a rioter, 147, 

148; member of the General 
Court, 289. 
Benjamin, signed Brunswick let- 
ter, 245. 
Daniel, signed Machias petition, 
41; as attorney, 41; justified 
the conduct of Stephen Jones, 
292. 
John, signed Machias petition, 

41. 
John 2d, ditto, 41. 
Jonathan, one of the Committee 

of Correspondence, 267. 
Solomon, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 

Storer, George, signed Broad Bay 
petition, 15. 
Joseph, represented Wells in 

Congress, 374. 
M., signed Broad Bay petition, 
15. 

Storey, William, member of the 
Provincial Congress, 318. 

Stover, Walton, his loss at the 
burning of Falmouth, 307. 

Stowe, 353. 

Stowell. Nathaniel, town clerk of 
Partridgelield, 262. 

Streetland, Daniel, deserter from 
the British fleet, 320. 

Strout, Anthony, signed Falmouth 
petition, 70. 
Daniel, ditto, 79. 
Joshua, ditto, 79. 

Stuart, Charles, quartermaster, de- 
serted the British lleot, 320. 

Sturbri.lge, 336. 

Sudbury, 27. 

Canada, otherwise Fuller's 
Town, 215. 

Sugar, 310, 387. 

Sullivan, Gen. James, reiiresented 
Hiddeford in Congiess, 374, 
411; ordered removal of peo- 
ple, 356; retreat of, 360; letter 
of, 355. 

Sunbury county, 407, 419. 

Suncook, Stephen Holt settled at, 
195; granted to Capt. Love- 
well and others, 195, 203, 205, 



490 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Suncook, continued. 

208, 219; claimed by New 
Hampshire, 196, 204, 206; pur- 
chased by blood, 195; proprie- 
tors worried, 195, 204; people 
of received no consideration, 
196, 206, 208; people of im- 
poverished by law suits, 196, 
204, 208; granted to those 
who were in the Pigwacket 
fight, 203; the people of de- 
sired a grant of land on the 
Saco River, 204, 205; Benj. 
Holt settled at, 205; claimed 
under the Mason grant, 206; 
claimed by Chester, 206; sev- 
eral of the proprietors were 
reimbursed, 206, 208. 
Proprietors, 195. 

Surgeon, at Fort Pownall, 57; at 
Machias, 302. 

Swain, James, his loss at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 306. 

Swan, Gustavus, signed Fort Pow- 
nall petition, 57. 

Sweetser, Jane, her loss at the 
burning of Falmouth, 305. 
Seth, signed Pemaquid petition, 
190, 230. 

Sylvester, David, of Pownal- 
borough, hired a sloop, 31G; 
sailed for St. Christopher, 
316; vessel seized on his re- 
turn voyage and he made 
prisoner, 316. 
Joseph, his loss at the burning 
of Falmouth, 308. 

Sylvester Canada, 161, 163. 

T 

Taft, , a prisoner at Machias, 

303. 
Isaac, justified the conduct of 
Stephen Jones, 292; in needy 
circumstances, 314. 

Tarpaulin Cove, troops stationed 
at, 321. 

Taxes and Taxation, in arrears, 28, 
29; Sanford desired exemption 
from, 69; for roads, 71, 72; to 
be raised in Windham, 71, 72, 
73; for ministerial charges, 71, 
72, 73, 74; delinquent lands to 
be sold for, 72, 73, 74; unequal 
at Gorham, 78 ; to be deferred, 
105; Pondstown desired ex- 
emption from, 118; to be levied 
to support ministers, 173, 174, 
185, 186; levied on members 



Taxes and Taxation, continued. 
of the Church of England, 192; 
the church desired power to 
tax its members, 192; Fal- 
mouth to omit taxing members 
of St. Paul's church, 193; Bel- 
fast desired power to levy, 198, 
232; illegal valuation oath in 
Windham, 211; rate to be 
levied, 232; Boothbay paid to 
the Provincial Congress, 260; 
Partridgefield not able to pay, 
261; Waldoborough will send 
to Gardner, 267; York desired 
abatement of, 305; without 
representation, 235, 236; non- 
incorporated places to pay, 
361; report on the abatement 
of, 378. 

Taylor, Eldred, member of the 
General Court, 301, 385. 
John, member of the Provincial 
Congress, 301, 322, 361, 362, 
369, 378; a justice of the 
peace, 335. 

Tea, the destruction of. 258. 
Act, the, 259. 

Tea vessels, the, 275. 

Tebbets, Giles, signed Boothbay 
petition, 171. 
Ichabod, ditto, 171. 
James, ditto, 171. 
John, ditto, 171. 
Nathaniel, ditto, 171. 
Nathaniel Jr., ditto, 171. 

Tebbut, Joseph, signed Pleasant 
River petition, 94. 

Tenders, see Vessels. 

Thaiter, , a name in Adams' 

letter, 295. 

Thatcher, David, of Yarmouth, a 
friend of the States, 422. 

Thomas, Jesse, signed Muscongns 
petition, 18. 
John, his bill for breeches, .302. 
Joseph, his losses at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 308. 
Waterman, of Waldoborough, 
360, 361. 

Thompson, \ Jeremiah, signed 

Thomson, / Fort Pownall peti- 
tion, 58. 
Joseph, signed Sebascodegin 

petition, 76. 
Col. Samuel, had the custody of 
Parry, 287, 247, 249, 269, 270; 
the arrest was contrary to the 
will of the Committee of 
Safety, 247; seized Parry's 
papers, 248, 249; aided by the 



INDEX 



491 



Thompson, continued. 

minute men, 249; why he ar- 
rested Parry, 250; fitted out a 
vessel to surprise the Canceau, 
260; asked to desist, 251; said 
he had dropped the design, 
251; captured a prisoner, 251; 
paroled one prisoner: released 
the other under conditions, 
252; would have satisfaction, 
252, 263; his high-handed op- 
erations, 253; a true friend of 
liberty, 253; might have 
cavised the destruction of Fal- 
mouth, 253; his home at 
Brunswick, 269, 274; repi-e- 
sented Brunswick in Congress, 
274, 318; to remove the masts 
collected by Parry, 287; un- 
necessary that he remove the 
same, 296; had John Bernard 
in custody, 300; letter of, 243. 

Thompson, Thomas, signed receipt 
for Deer Island, 285; signed 
Machias letter, 292; a member 
of the Committee 'jf Safety, 
340. 
William, signed Fort Pownall 
petition, 57; signed Sebasco- 
degin petition, 76. 
Gen. William, captured, 360. 

Thorndike, Ebenezer, signed Fal- 
mouth petition, 79; township 
granted to, 209. 
Robert, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 79. 
Robert Jr., ditto, 79. 

Thornton, Mathew, desired fur- 
ther time, 20, 21. 

Thrasher, John, his losses at the 
destruction of Falmouth, 308. 
Jonathan, ditto, 306. 

Throop, Mr. , bearer of a let- 
ter, 396. 

Thurlo, John, his loss at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 306. 

Thurston, Benjamin, signed Nar- 
ragansett Petition, 160. 
John, ditto, 160. 

Ticonderoga, 403. 

Timber, etc., 82, 84, 104, 131, 133, 
137, 139, 141, 142, 187, 274, 287. 

Tiukham, Mr. , of Yarmoutli, 

345, 347. 

Tinkler, Nathaniel, signed Ma- 
chias petition, 115. 

Tinney, CJeorge, signed Pleasant 
Ilivcr petition, 94. 

Titcouib, Benjamin, neighbor of 
Arthur Savage, 144, 146, 146, 



Titcomb, continued, 

147, 148; his loss at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 305; as 
agent for Kelley, 305. 

Toben, Mathew, signed Fort Pow- 
nall petition, 57. 

Tobey, Capt. , Jones' tender 

lashed to his vessel, 281; com- 
pelled to act as pilot, 281, 282. 

Tollman at York bridge, 150. 

Toma, It,. t j- .r,r- 

ToTiiflr IPiere, an Indian, 406, 

Jommo, J ' 

Tomsou, Cornelius, signed Mu.s- 
congus petition, 18. 

Towns, the maritime, are not 
destitute of informers, 142. 

Townsend, former name of Booth- 
bay, 166. 

Townships, purchased and laid 
out by H. Y. Brown, 4; the 
confliction with New Ilamj)- 
shire, 5, 13; more land granted 
to n. Y. Brown, 5, 6, 222; 
conditions of the grants of, 5, 
6, 23, 80, 81, 82, 86, 100, 101, 
112, 132, 136, 137, 150, 161, 
163, 164, 165, 215, 219, 220, 222, 
228; three laid out near Pe- 
quakett, 19; people of Andover 
desired a grant, 19, 20; in 
Sagadahoc desired further 
time, 21, 83, 84; flourishing, 
22; tiie plan of Raymond ac- 
cepted, 22; one of 1733 de- 
sired to be incorporated, 25, 
26; people of Sudbury peti- 
tioned for one, 27; proprietors 
can not sell delinquent rights, 
28; permission to sell the 
same desired, 29; plans lost, 
29; John Brown to make new 
plans, 29; Mulliken to change 
his site, 31, 32; delinquents to 
be notified, 32; no settlement 
made without proper author- 
ity, 34, 35; security desired of 
applicants, 00, 61; to be laid 
out, 61; Macliias granted to 
Ichabod Jones and others, 80; 
a means of rtjoting out the 
savages, K5; laid out in a 
territory later claimed by the 
Earl of "Stirling, 89, 91; proc- 
lamation, 90, 91; granted to 
David Pliips and otliers, 100, 
162; Fuller's claimed by New 
Ilampsliin', 100; another grant 
to Fuller, 101, 161; Fryeburg 
granted to Joseph Frye, 106; 



492 



DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 



Townships, continued. 

Harris' grant claimed by New 
Hampshire, 109; another grant 
to Harris, 111, 112; four in- 
corporated in 1771, 128; grant- 
ed to Livermore and others, 
132, 162, 103, 164; Bullock and 
others to retain possession, 
136, 137; people well spoken of, 
140; prosperous and perma- 
nent, 140, 141; number of 
families in thirteen, 140; 
granted to James Otis and 
others, 104, 165; Boothbay in- 
corporated, 1764, 169; part of 
Narraganset opposed incor- 
poration, 179, 180; Narragan- 
set incorporated, 181; granted 
to Ebenezer Thorndike and 
others, 209; sold to Timothy 
Walker and others, 213, 214: 
the same claimed by New 
Hampshire, 213; new grant to 
Walker, 214, 215; grant to 
Benjamin Smith, 217; grant 
to Noah Johnson and others, 
219, 220; granted to Capt. 
John Flint, 220, 221; granted 
to Whittemore and Laurence, 
221, 222; Alexander Shepard 
Jr., rejected his grant, 225; 
granted to John Whitman, 
227; see also under Narragan- 
set. 
Township No. Five, 218; petition 
of, 92; see also Pleasant River. 

No. Four, 140, 440, 442, 444. 

No. One, 29, 118, 185, 149; see 
also Buxton. 

No. Seven, 29. 

No. Six, 227, 228, 229. 

No. Three, 21, 22, 149. 

No. Two, 149. 
Tozer, John, member of the Wins- 
low Committee of Correspond- 
ence, 265, 409. 
Trade, acts to regulate Indian 
trade. 7, 30, 31, 34, 35, 37, 38 
Ilsley's lock seized, 8; col 
lector of customs attacked, 9 
goods spirited away, 9, 11; re 
ward offered for offenders, 10 
justices to meet, 10, 11; in the 
Indian country a cause of 
trouble, 30; a Ijuilding to be 
hired at Passamaquoddy, 117; 
the French may monopolize 
the trade with Indians, 240; 
Indians exasperated because 
of the stoppage of trade, 245; 



Trade, continued. 

the lack of powder a hinder- 
ence, 255; the stoppage causes 
distress at Deer Island, 279; 
the losses of York in, 305; in- 
terrupted by the Viper, 375; 
sugar bought to be shipped 
abroad, 387; cheaper goods 
necessary, 406; the prices of 
furs desired, 406; prices of 
furs agreed upon, 434. 
the Lords Commissioners of, 58, 
149. 
Trafton, Thaddeus, signed Ma- 

chias petition, 41. 
Trask, David, signed Freetown 
petition, 217. 
Joseph, ditto, 17, 217. 
Samuel, ditto, 17, 217. 
Samuel Jr., ditto, 17, 217. 
Solomon, ditto, 17, 217. 
Thomas, ditto, 17. 
Treat, Joseph, signed Fort Pow- 

nall petition, 57. 
Treaties and land rights, 207; to 
exchange prisoners. 331. 
of Breda, 207. 
of Ryswick, 207. 
of 1726, 37. 
with Indians, 363. 
Troops, see Soldiers. 
Truckhouses, 37, 53, 62, 423, 424. 
Truckmasters, 341, 342, 355, 418, 

423. 
Tucker and Newman, 306. 
Tucker, Josiah, his loss at the 

burning of Falmouth, 305. 
Tuffts, John, signed Belfast peti- 
tions, 198, 232. 
John Jr., ditto, 198, 232. 
Tukey, John Jr., his loss at the 

burning of Falmouth, 309. 
Tupper, William, justified the 
conduct of Stephen Jones, 
292; bill of, 302; clerk of Ma- 
chias, 351, 399; letter of, 399. 
Turner, Briggs, signed Machias 
letter, 292. 
Cornelius, ditto, 292. 
Turnips, 315. 

Tyler, Moses, signed Suncook pe- 
tition, 205. 
Rnyal, councilor, 1, 10, 88. 
Tyng, Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Col. 
William, 249. 
John, his loss at the burning of 

Falmouth, 309. 
Col. William, sheriff, 146, 148; 
to convey Parry's letter, 249; 



INDEX 



493 



Tyng, continued. 

his goods seized by Col. 
Thompson, 253; letter of, 84. 



u 



Undekwood, John, signed Ma- 
chias petition, 41. 

Union River, township east of, 21; 
Samuel Jordan's letter dated 
from, 425; people of, alarmed 
by the approach of the regu- 
lars, 425; tlie people would 
surrender to the enemy, 425. 

United States, so named in James 
Bowdoin's letter of July 30, 
17TG, 303; mentioned, 3(53, 389, 
395, 397, 412, 418, 422, 435, 444. 



Vassal, William, 128. 

Vassalborough, incorporated, 128; 
named for William Vassel, 
128; home of Remington Hol- 
by, 240. 

Veazy, Jeremiah, signed Fort 
Pownall petition, 57; his loss 
atthe destruction of Falmouth, 
307. 
John, his loss at the destruction 
of Falmouth, 407. 

Vessels, arrived at and sailed from 
Falmouth, 14; to transport ar- 
tillery, 34; sloop impressed to 
transport Waldo's regiment, 
04; men of Machias will not 
ship on those belonging to the 
enemy, 139, 140; masters of, 
concerned in the Falmouth 
riot, 147, 148; hired to convey 
the lumber inspector, 153; 
needed by the inspector, 154; 
prevented supplying the na- 
tives, 243, 244; a tender sent 
to dismantle a fort, 245; re- 
ports that an attempt will be 
made to capture the Canceaux, 
248, 250; sent against the col- 
onics, 255; Perkins' sloophired 
as a transport, 203, 204; one 
belonging to Arundel seized, 
200, 273; master obliged to 
enter the service of the king, 
200, 273; sailed for Annapolis, 
200, 273; but jiut in at Arun- 
del, 200, 273; tiio interrui)tion 
of causes a scarcity, 208; the 
largest can navigate the I'enob- 
scot, 271 ; Jones' sloop and 



Vessels, continued. 

tender at Machias, 280, 281 
fight off Machias, 281, 282 
tonnage of Jones' sloop, 284 
one sloop to be armed, 284 
Congress to commission a com- 
mander, 284; in charge of Fos- 
ter and O' Brian, 287; the 
Senegal at Falmouth, 288, 289; 
should be bought to bring sup- 
plies to Bristol, 290, 298; ex- 
penses for caring for the pris- 
oners and wounded, 302; hired 
to bring a surgeon, 302; the 
capture of, a loss to York, 305; 
Smith in charge of a privateer, 
310; the Loyal Britain, seized 
by Smith, 310, 312; inventory 
of goods captured, 310, 311; 
names of those at Machias, 
312; deserters from, 314, 319, 
320; in the Bay of Fundy, 314; 
to attack Machias, 314; the 
Three Brothers hired and 
seized, 310; the British may 
winter at Falmouth, 317; the 
enemy at No. Yarmouth, 319; 
same at Casco Bay, 319; cap- 
tured by the British in Boston 
harbor, 320; report of com- 
mittee in Congress with regard 
to those captured, 320; carried 
ammunition to Nova Scotia for 
Indians, 323; at Annapolis, 
collecting stores for Boston, 
323; Wordwell's sloop cap- 
tured, 331, 335; Jones' vessel 
seized, 332, 334; reasons for 
the capture to be enquired 
into, 334; powder for priva- 
teers, 337; the enemy's to bo 
driven away, 342; Mowatt to 
destroy, 342, 343; Perkin's 
sloop chased by a brigantine, 
345; seized by the Viper, 358; 
others seized, 358, 359; equip- 
ment of the Viper, 359, 375; 
the Macliias privateers absent, 
359; Indians to be sent home 
on, 3()4; said to be in the Can- 
ada river, 308; captunMl near 
Gouldsborough, 374, 370; the 
Viper blockaded the (ioast, 
375; none to convey Indian 
recruits, 375, 377; crews not 
paid, 37(); Shaw's promise, 
370; privateers taken from tlie 
eastern parts, 382; should be 
sent to protect the coast, 383; 
those captured going from 



494 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Vessels, continued. 

Machias, 385; prize at Fal- 
mouth, 388; prize at Salem, 
388; seized by the recruits and 
people of Cumberland, 395, 
396; man-of-war off Cumber- 
land, 395; privateers can be 
sent from Nova Scotia, 395; 
success of the British sloop 
Gage, 414; sailed up the St. 
Johns river, 414; sent to the 
Bay of Fundy, 416; to proceed 
to St. Johns river, 417; to 
carry forces, 420, 421; taken 
from Halifax, 431,435; attempt 
to capture a sloop, 432; Vul- 
ture attacked, 439; at St. 
Johns, 440; despatched from 
New York to cruise off the 
coast of Maine, 441, 442: the 
armament of the same, 441. 

Alfred, the, 421. 

Ambuscaid, the, 421. 

Cauceaux, the, 243, 248, 2.50, 319. 

Diligent, the, 312, 326, 337, 374, 
376. 

Falmouth Packet, the, 315, 320, 
324. 

Gage, the, 414. 

Gammon, the, 366. 

Gray hound, the, 340. 

Halifax, the, 319. 

Infidel, 312. 

Liberty, the, 337. 

Loyal Briton, the, 310, 312. 

Machias Liberty, the, 312, 814, 
3.S7. 

Mainsheat, the, 416. 

Margaritta, the, 283, 302, 312. 

Marlin, the, 358. 

Mermaid,*the, 441. 

Molly, the, 263, 264. 

Polly, the, 264, 270, 277. 

Province Galley, the, 34. 

Ranger, the, 64. 

Semitry, the, 319. 

Senegal, the, 288, 289. 

Somerset, the, 314. 

Spitfire, the, 319. 

Stanley's, 323. 

Tartar, the, 314. 

Tatamanouch. the, 312. 

Three Brothers, the, 316. 

Tythena, 331, 335. 

Unity, the, 312, 385. 

Viper, the, 358, 359, ,374, 876. 

Vulture, the, 432, 439. 
Viles, Joseph, signed Fort Powall 

petition, 57. 
Vinall, David, one of the Arundel 



Vinall, continued. 

Committee of Correspondence, 

267. 
Virginia, 290. 
Vote on petition of Ichabod Jones, 

80. 



w 



signed Mus- 
18. 



Wadsworth, , 

congus petition, 

Abiel, ditto, 18. 
Waite, Benjamin, as a witness, 9; 
his losses at the burning of 
Falmouth, .308. 

John, his losses at the burning of 
Falmouth, 308. 

John 2nd., signed St. Paul's 
parish petition, 192; his losses 
at the burning of Falmouth, 
808; submitted tlie list of Fal- 
mouth losses to Congress, 310, 
394. 

Stephen, signed St. Paul's par- 
ish petition, 192; his losses at 
the burning of Falmouth, .309. 
Waldo, Francis, collector, 146; 
signed St. Paul's parish peti- 
tion, 192; letter of, 8. 

Brigadier Samuel, his heirs sold 
land, 196, 231. 

Colonel Samuel, his regiment 
sent to St. Georges, 64. 
Waldoborough, town meeting 
called in, 267; Committee of 
Correspondence in, 267; to aid 
and abide by Congress, 267; 
to send tax to Gorham, 267; 
home of Thomas Waterman, 
360, 361. 
Walker, Benjamin, signed Andover 
petition, 20. 

George, his bill for guarding 
prisoners, 303. 

Oapt. & Lieut. John, captured 
at Shei^perday, 294, 295; a 
prisoner sent to Machias, 394; 
a countryman who joined the 
regulars, 395. 

Thomas, 239, 241. 

Timothy Jr., purchased a town- 
ship, 213, 214; the same proved 
to be in New Hampshire, 213; 
threatened with ejectment, 
213; obliged to repurchase the 
land, 214; petitioned for a new 
grant, 214; new grant to, 215; 
petition of, 212, 214. 
Wall, John, represented Falmouth 
in Congress, 365. 



INDEX 



495 



Walles, William, subscribed for 

the Canada expedition, 86ii. 
Walton, William, letter of, 822. 
Wampum, 431, 432, 436. 

Ward, Col. , member of the 

General Court, 20. 
Artemus, 228, 414. 
Wardwell, Jeremiah, sailed from 
Majorbagwaduce, 335; cap- 
tured, 335; deposition and 
oaths of, 332, 335. 
John, signed Andover petition, 
20. 

Warner, Col. , with Gates, 442. 

Gen. Jonathan, appoined a brig- 
adier general, 438; letter of, 
438. 

Warren, , his land a boundary, 

102, 106. 
Daniel, signed Fort Pownall pe- 
tition, 57. 
George, his losses at the burn- 
ing of Falmouth, 307. 
Gilbert, evidence of, 51. 
James, speaker of the General 
Court. 193, 293, 296, 297, 299, 
336, 344, 346, 355, 369, 374, 388, 
407, 414, 422. 
James Jr., declaration of, 51. 
John, signed Machias memorial, 

115. 
Dr. Joseph, 241, 270, 273, 283. 
Peter, his losses at the burning 
of Falmouth, 308. 
Washington, George, 317, 322, 324, 

362, 363, 364, 367, 368, 431. 
Waterhouse, William, his losses at 
the destruction of Falmouth, 
309, 
Watertown, 246, 254, 261, 269, 270, 
274, 277, 284, 287, 291, 295, 296, 
297, 298, 305, 310, 316, 320, 321, 
322, 333, 337, 339, 344, 346, 350, 
354, 378, 386. 
Watson, Abraham, 296. 

Colman, his loss at the destruc- 
tion of Falmouth, 305. 
William, overpaid, 322. 
Watt, John, 302. 

Watts, Edward, signed petition of 
St. Paul's i)arish, 192; Iiis loss 
at tin; destructi(jn of Fal- 
mouth, 308. 
Henry, justified the conduct of 
Stephen Jf)nes, 292. 
^^augh. Robert, signed Pondstown 

petiti<m, 119. 
Weare, Joseph, selectman of Vurk, 
92. 
Mesliech, letters of, 442, 443, 444. 



Webb, Jonathan, signed petition 
of St. Paul's parish, 192. 
Samuel, signed Freetown peti- 
tion, 17. 

Webster, , ditto, 17. 

Mr. , member of the General 

Court, 215, 219. 
Daniel, signed Freetown peti- 
tion, 17, 217. 
Joslma, signed Machias petition, 
41; assaulted a justice of the 
peace, 113, 114. 
Welch, David, signed Sebascodegin 

petition, 77. 
Weld, Moses, selectman of Stur- 

bridge, 337. 
Wellfleet, 344, 379. 
Wells, a boundary, 67, 68; home of 
Ebenezer Sawyer, 274; repre- 
sentative of, in Congress, 274; 
Littlefield's letter dated at, 
400. 
Josiah, signed Sebascodegin pe- 
tition, 76. 
Wenigeburla, Jacob, a member of 
the Committee of Correspond- 
ence, 267. 
Wentworth, Gov. Penning, 12, 13. 
Ebenezer, 181. 

Gov. John, 49, 50, 61, 59, 63, 
151, 152; letters of, 11, 47, 48. 
Wescutt, William, signed Fort 
Pownall petition, 57. 

West, Capt. , 414, 427, 429, 

431, 432, 435, 439, 440. 
West Indies, the, 14, 344, 346. 
West, Jabez, justified the conduct 
of Stephen Jones, 292; his bill 
for guard duty, 302. 
Weston, 276. 
Weymouth, 322. 
Whale boats, 427, 433. 
Wheat, 241, 381. 

Wheeler, Henry, his loss at the de- 
struction of Falmouth, 308. 
James, justified the conduct of 
Stephen Jones, 292. 
Whitcomb, John, member of the 
T'rovincial Congress, 319, 887. 

White, Mr. , a prisoner, 432. 

Benjamin, a member of the Gen- 
eral Court, 301. 
George, signed the certificate of 

Hsley, 386. 
Kobort, signed Suncook petition, 

205. 
Samuel, councilor, 1, 42, 88. 
Whiting, Jonathan, selectman, 
signed Winthrop petition, 191. 



496 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Whitman, ) , an innholder at 

Whitmore, | Newbury, 60, 61. 

Col. , 228. 

John, a township granted to, 227. 
Whitney, James, signed Suncook 

petition, 205. 
Whitridge, Capt. James, 14. 

Whittemore, Rev. , 206. 

Abraham, signed Bowdoinham 

letter, 291. 
John, signed Suncook petition, 

205. 
Samuel, his land claimed by 
New Hampshire, 220; he had 
begun a settlement, 221; de- 
sired a new grant, 221; re- 
ceived a new grant, 221, 222; 
petition of, 220. 
Whittier, Ebenezer, deposition of, 
274; oath of, 275; will change 
coin for bills, 374. 
Wieland, John, signed Machias 

l^etition, 41. 
Wieman, Yallentino, signed Fal- 
mouth i^etition, 79. 
Wilber, Samuel, signed Freetown 

petition, 217. 
Wiley, 1 Alexander, signed Booth- 
Wylie, /bay petition, 171. 
John, ditto, 171. 
Neil, ditto, 171. 
Robert, ditto, 171. 
Robert Jr., ditto, 171. 
Samuel, ditto, 171. 
William, ditto, 171. 
Willard, Capt. Aaron, reported on 
the examination of Spry's bag- 
gage, 326; advised examina- 
tion, 327; letter received from, 
327; letter of, 326. 
William III, 36. 

Williams, Leonard, land of claimed 
by New Hampshire, 109, 110; 
desired another grant, 109, 
110; land granted to, 111, 112. 
Samuel, signed Sebasoodegin pe- 
tition, 76. 
Willis, , his history of Port- 
land, cited, 310. 
Wilson, Alexander, signed Belfast 
petition, 198. 
Archibald, part owner of the 

Loyal Briton, 310. 
John, signed Andover petition, 

20. 
Nathaniel, submitted list of Fal- 
mouth losses, 310, 394. 
Samuel, signed Fort Pownall 
petition, 58. 



Winchenboch, Freidrich, signed 
Broad Bay petition, 15. 

Windham, a boundary, 22, 23; 
taxes to be levied for roads, 
71; taxes for other expenses, 
71, 72, 73, 74; sale of delin- 
quent's lands in, 73; William 
Elder (1771) assessor in, 210; 
valuation oath of assessor, not 
legal, 211; Grashom brought 
action against the assessors, 
211, 212; the forfeiture of 
assessors remitted, 212; men 
enlisted in, 333. 

Windsor, 263, 264, 265, 273, 365. 

Wingate, Snell, signed Narragan- 
set petition, 160. 

Winslow, incorporated, 128; named 
for Gen. John Winslow, 128; 
land and fort in, leased to 
Ballard, 242, 407, 409; number 
of families in, 265; people of, 
largely subsisted on fish, 265; 
in need of ammunition, 265; 
town voted to adhere to the 
resolutions of Congress, 265; 
members of Committee of 
Correspondence, 265; Ballard 
took possession of Fort Hali- 
fax, 407, 409; Ballard refused 
to deliver the property to the 
civil authorities, 408, 409, 410; 
illegal proceedings, 408; au- 
thorities desired instructions, 
408, 409, 410; Bowdoin received 
letters from, 361; letters of, 
265, 407. 
Isaac, owned an island at the 
mouth of the Penobscot, 273. 
Gen. John, his land a boundary, 

124; a town named for, 128. 
Nathaniel, signed Freetown pe- 
tition, 217. 

Winthrop, only two families at, 
1767, 190; farming a depend- 
ency in, 190; desired an 
exemption of taxes, that a 
meeting house could be built, 
191; named for Gov. John 
Winthrop, 128; incorporated, 
128; petition, 190. 

Capt , of Boston, 333. 

Gov. John, a town named for, 

128. 
John, member of the General 
Court, 362. 

Wiswell, Rev. John, of Falmouth, 
taken a prisoner, 251. 
Thomas, one of the Committee 
of Correspondence, 267. 



INDEX 



497 



Wombly, Paul, signed Boothbay 

petition, 171. 
Wood, see Fire wood. 
Abiel, can not wait on Congress, 
258; his losses, 258; disap- 
proved of the destruction of 
the tea, and some of the re- 
solves of Congress, 258; a true 
patriot, 2.58; recommended 
coasters for carrying boards, 
274; did not carry timber to 
the troops, 274; vilified Con- 
gress, 275; gave false reports, 
275; letter of, 258. 
John, his loss at the burning of 

Falmouth, 307. 
Jonathan, as a witness, 237; his 
subscription for the Canada, 
expedition, 366. 

Woodbridge, Col. , member of 

the General Court, 284, 340. 
Joseph, signed Narragansett pe- 
tition, 160. 

Woodbury, Peter, his loss at the 
burning of Falmouth, 306. 

Woodman, David, ditto, 309. 
Joseph, signed Narragansett pe- 
tition, 181. 
Joseph Jr., ditto, 131. 
Stephen, his loss at the burning 
of Falmouth, .309. 

Woodrigh, Jonath., signed 
cliias petition, 41. 

Wool, 272. 

Woolens, 388. 

Woodwich, 247. 

Wordwell, Daniel, sailed 
Majorbagwaduce, 831; 
sloop captured, 331, 332; age, 
tonnage and value of the sloop, 
332, 335. 

Wortlilngton, Col. member of 

the (ieneral Court, 134. 

Woss, Capt. Wilmot, formerly 
of Martha's Vineyard, desired 
as a justice of the peace, 93. 

Wright, Mr. , member of the 

General Court, 857. 

Wye River, 1.35. 

Wyer, David, signed St. Paul's 
parish j)etiti<)U, 192; his loss 
at the burning of Falmouth, 
307. 
David Jr., signed St. Paul's par- 
ish petition, 192. 
Tlic)mas, his loss at the burning 
of P'ahnoiith, 307. 

Wylie Hen Wiley. 

Wyman, Joshua, signed Narragan- 
sett petition, 100, 176, 176. 



Ma- 



from 
his 



Wyman, continued. 
Nathaniel, subscribed for the 

Canada expedition, 365. 
Ross, land granted to, 206, 208. 
Wyth, , member of the Pro- 
vincial Congress, 332. 



X , William, signed Freetown 

petition, 16. 



Yarmouth, 322, 323, 324, 345, 347, 
357 ; also called Cape Forschue. 
Yawl, one captured, 320. 
York, desired power to administer 
the estate of Josiah Bridges, 
92; the people of to cross the 
bridge free at times, 120; home 
of the Rev. Samuel Lancton, 
184; lost much by vessels be- 
longing to, 305; desired abate- 
ment of taxes, 305; home of 
Ebenezer Beal, 314; represent- 
ative from in Congress, 874; 
petition of, 91. 

Bridge, 119. 

County, 19, 25, 32, 67, 69, 98, 106, 
110, 120, 135, 159, 176, 179, 181, 
182, 184, 206, 263, 287, 321, 374, 
410. 

Duke of, 207. 

Memorial of associated ministers 
of, 182. 

River, 119. 
Young, Dr. Joseph, member of the 
Committee of Safety, 238, 332. 

Melatiah, his loss at the burning 
of Falmouth, 305. 

Nathaniel, signed Machias peti- 
tion, 41. 

Stephen, signed Machias memo- 
rial, 115; justified the conduct 
of Stephen Jones, 292. 

Timothy, his bill for digging, 
303. 

, Asa, signed Muscongus pe- 
tition, 18. 

, Asel, signed Freetown peti- 
tion, 17. 

, Carll, signed Broad Bay pe- 
tition, 15. 

, I)., signed Freetown petition, 

17. 

, David, signed Broad Bay pe- 
tition, 15; signed Freetown 
jietition, 15. 



498 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



-, Freidrich, signed Broad Bay 
petition, 15. 

-, G., ditto, 15. 

-, G. 2nd, ditto, 15. 

-, Gottfried, ditto, 15. 

-, Gr., ditto, 15. 

-, J., ditto, 15. 

-, J. 2d, ditto, 15. 

-, Jacob ditto, 15. 

-, Jacob 2d, ditto, 15. 

- , Jacob 3d, ditto, 15. 

-, Jacob 4th, ditto, 15. 

-, Jacob 5th, ditto, 15. 

-, James, signed Freetown pe- 
tition, 17. 

-, Johannes, signed Broad Bay 
petition, 15. 

-, Johannes 2d, ditto, 15. 

-, Johannes 3d, ditto, 15. 

-, Johannes 4th, ditto, 15. 

-, Johannes 5th, ditto, 15. 

-, Johannes 6th, ditto, 15. 

-, John, ditto, 15; signed Free- 
town petition, 16; signed Mus- 
congus petition, 18; signed 
Penobscot letter, 269. 

-, John 2d, signed Muscongus 
petition, 18. 

-, Joseph, signed Freetown pe- 
tition, 17; signed Pleasant 
River petition, 94. 



, Joshua, signed Muscongus 

petition, 18; signed Narragan- 
sett petition, 181. 

, Joshua 2d, signed Muscongus 

petition, 18. 

, M., signed Broad Bay peti- 
tion, 15. 

, M. 2d, ditto, 15. 

, M. 3d, ditto, 15. 

, M. 4th, ditto, 15. 

, M. 5th, ditto, 15. 

, M. 6th, ditto, 15. 

, Martin, ditto, 15. 

, Richard, signed Muscongus 

petition, 18. 

, Robert, ditto, 18. 

, S., signed Broad Bay peti- 
tion, 15. 

, Samuel, signed Muscongus 

petition, 18; signed Pleasant 
River petition, 94. 

, Solomon, signed Freetown 

petition, 17; justified the con- 
duct of Stephen Jones, 295. 

, Solomon 2d, signed Freetown 

petition, 17. 

, Thomas, signed Pleasant 

River petition, 94. 

, Will, signed Broad Bay peti- 
tion, 15. 

, William, signed Belfast peti- 
tion, 198; justified the conduct 
of Stephen Jones. 292. 



This Index was made by Mr. Edward Denham, of New Bedford, Mass. — J. P. B. 



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